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Full text of "Rhynchota .."

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^:^^THE FAUNA OF BRITISH INDIA, 



INCMTBING 



CEYLON AND BURMA. 

Published under the authoiuty of the Secret ary of 
State for India in Council. 

KDITED BY A. B. SHIPLEY, Sc.K. Cantab., HON. D.Sc. Princeton, F.R.S. 
ASSISTED BY GUi' .\ . K. MAKSHALL, F.Z.S., F.£.S. 



KHYNCHOTA-Vol. VI. 

HOMOPTERA: APPENDIX. 

BY 

AV. L. DISTANT. 



LONDON: 

TAYLOR AND FRANCIS, RED LION COURT, FLEET STREET. 

CALCUTTA: I BOMBAY: 

THACKER, SPINK, & CO. THACKER & CO., LIMITED. 



:Marclu 1916. 




PKINTED BY TAYLOR AND FRANCIS, 
KED LION COURT, FLEET STREET. 



\l 



I 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



Page 

Fam. CiCADiD^ 1 

Platypleura, Amy. ^- >Sen\ . . 1 

atkinsoni, Dist 1 

Rihaua, Dist 2 

seniiniger, Dist 2 

Crvptotympaua, Stal 3 

maadariua, Dist 3 

Dundubia, Amy. ^- Serv 4 

belena, Dist 4 

Taiiiia, Dist 4 

bliutauensis; Dist 4 

Platylomia, Stcfl 5 

brevis, Dist. . 5 

insigois, Dist (J 

Meimuua, Dist () 

casandra. Dist (J 

Pomponia, Stdl 7 

])icta, Walk 7 

Oncotympana, Stal 7 

maboni, Dist 7 

Mata, Dist 8 

raiua, Dist 8 

Terpnosia, Dist 9 

jenkinsi, Dist 9 

versicolor, Dist 10 

obertburi, Dist 10 

crowfooti, Dist 11 

Cicadatra, Amyot 11 

raja, Dist 11 

iucouspicua, Dist 12 

Psalmocbarias, Kirk 12 

Gudaba, Dist 13 

inaculata, Dist 13 

Kbimbya, Dist 14 

iinmsi, Dist 14 

Quiiuilia, Karsdi 14 

pompouia, Dist 14 

Bijauraua Dist 15 

typica, Dist 16 

sita, Dist 1(5 



Page 

Melampsalta, Kolenat 10 

zeiiobia, Dist 16 

Fain. FuLGOKiD.« 17 

Subfam. ]. Fulyorince 17 

Pyrops, Spin 17 

distant!, Schmidt 17 

Fulgora, Liim 18 

peguensis, Schmidt 18 

H omalocepbala, A7ny. ^- Serv. 20 

Kalidasa, £irk 20 

Subfam. 2. Eurybrachydincc . . 20 

Eurybracbys, Guer 20 

mysorensis, Dist 20 

lietcberi, Dist 21 

rubro-ornata, Di.-'t 21 

Messena, Stal 22 

albifasciata, Z)/.s/ 22 

Tbessitus, Walk 23 

fea3, Schmidt 23 

Snbfam.3. Dictyopharince .... 24 

Dicboptera, Spin 24 

Dictyopbara, Germ 24 

dixoni, Dist 24 

cummingi, Dist 24 

coimbatoreusis, Dist. . , . . 25 

Uorypborina, .Melich 25 

stall, Melich 26 

Putala, Melich 26 

bracbycepbala, Dist 26 

Awaramada, Dist 27 

frj^eri, Dist 27 

Miasa, Dist 28 

Orthopagus, Vhler 28 

Ceutromeria, Stal 29 



IV 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



Page 

SubfaiD. 4. Cixiince -9 

Olianis, StSl -^9 

iudiciis, Disf -9 

greeui, Dist 29 

annandalei, Dii^t <^0 

hodgarti, Dist -jI 

Simla;, Dist 31 

kurseongen.sit;. Dist 32 

nuwiirpe, Dist 32 

binghami, Dist , , 33 

Mnemosyne, t^tal 33 

cingaleusis. Dist 34 

Adzapala, Dist 34 

gi'eeni, Dist 35 

Addenda, Dist 3(3 

tvpica, Dist 3(3 

Anila, Dist 37 

versicolor, Dist 37 

Kirbyaua, Dist 37 

Commolenda, Dist 37 

deusta, Dist 38 

Caneirona, Dist 38 

iudica, Dist 39 

Paramicrixia, Dist 39 

diapbana, Dist 40 

Mundopa, Dist 41 

vagans, Dist 41 

campbelli, Dist. 41 

regina, Dist 42 

balteata, Dist 42 

sita, Dist 42 

Borystbenes, Stal 43 

strigipennis, Dist 43 

sukuaniciis, Dist 44 

Brixia, Stdl 44 

plagosa, Dist 44 

inornata, Dist 45 

elongata, Dist 45 

variolosa, Dist 46 

geon'.etrina, Dist 46 

Subfaui. 5. TropiditfhijKP .... 47 

Dolia, Kirk 47 

Tambinia, St&l 47 

verticalisj Dist 47 

rubromaculata, Dist 48 

Antabboga, Dist 48 

gardineri, Dist 49 

Stiborus, McJich 49 

Stacotoides, Dist 50 

typicus. Dist 50 

Epora, Walk 51 

montana, Dist 51 

Eporiella, Melich. 51 

ceylonica, Melich 52 



Page 

Eodryas, Kirk 52 

Barunoides, Dist 53 

Eilitbyia, Dist 53 

insularis, Dist 54 

Sogana, Matauni 54 

extrema, Me/ich 54 

Subfam. 6. Achilinf^' 55 

Gordia, Melich 55 

oculata, Melich 55 

Faventia, Stal 56 

Kobignlia, Dist 56 

butleri, Dist 56 

Deferuiida, Dist 57 

stigmatica, Dist 57 

A'ekuuta, Dist 58 

Epirama, Melich 58 

conspergata, Melich 58 

Parataugia, Melich 58 

limbriolata, Melich 59 

Kinnara. Dist 59 

flavofasciata, Dist 59 

uiaculata, Dist 59 

spectra, Dist . . 60 

Magadba, Dist 61 

Usana, Dist 61 

abdominalis, Dist 61 

Ambalangoda, Dist 61 

insignis, Dist 62 

fasciata, Dist 62 

Caristianus, Dist 63 

indicus, Dist 63 

Subfam. 7. Derbhuc 64 

Phenice, Westiu 64 

pallata, Dist 64 

t'erruginea, Dist 64 

Zoraida, Kirk 65 

fletcheri. Dist 65 

spectra, Dist 66 

histrionica, Dist 66 

Zoraidoides, Dist 66 

malabarensis, Dist 67 

Diostrombus, Uhler 68 

IJobigus, Dist 68 

sanguineus, Dist 69 

Dawn aria, Dist 69 

atroterminata, Dist 70 

Kermesia. Melich 70 

nigropunctata, Dist 70 

iS'isia, Melich 71 

campbelli, Dist 71 

Pbaconeura, Kirk 72 

Hetcheri, Kirk 72 



SYSl'E.MATIC INDEX. 



Suniangala, Disf 73 

delicatulii, iJist J.'J 

Alara, Dist 74 

dux, Dist 74 

Kaiuendaka, Disf 7o 

Perandeniim, Dist 7-) 

typica, Disf. . . 75 

Chapvina, Dist 7G 

Digroniaculata, Dist 7ti 

vittata, Dist 77 

Tapoosa, Dist 77 

luaskeliya;, JJisf 78 

niaculosa, Dist 78 

elegantula, Dist 79 

Plira, Dist 79 

ampliticata, Dist 80 

atroniaculata, Dist 80 

pictipennis, Dist 80 

Archa, Dist 81 

typica, Dist 81 

Subfam. 8. Lophopi/ue 82 

Elasniosceles, S'pi/i 82 

Pitambara, Dist 82 

montaiia, Dist 82 

dawnana, 7)/^^ 83 

Serida, Walk 84 

sherwilli, Dist 84 

Pyrilla, Stal 84 

pusaiia, Dist 84 

Brixioides, Kirhp 85 

Kiisiiina, Dist 85 

V'anua, JJ^alk 85 

distant!. Melic/i 85 

Subfam. 9. Is><iiia' 86 

Tiibilustriuni, Dist 86 

typicum, Dist 86 

Erabmaloka, Dist 87 

Hetcheii, Dist 87 

liedarator, Dist 88 

bimaculacus, Dist 88 

Tempsa, Stal 89 

rogersi, Dist 89 

Thabeiioidps, Dist 90 

albinotatus, Dist 90 

Kodaiana, Dist 91 

caiupbelli, Dist 91 

Tetrica, Stal 92 

uigromaculata, JJist 92 

Paratetrica. Dist 92 

opalina, Disf 92 

Sarima, Melich 93 

Coinqueiida, Dist 93 

uigroclavata, Dist 94 



Page 

Coruuoanius, Disf 94 

fascialis, Disf 95 

Delhiua, Dist 95 

eurybrachydoide.-i, Disf. . . 96 

Gelastyra, Kirk 9(3 

Narayaua, Dist 97 

eliyana, Dist 97 

fuscosignata, Dist 97 

pundakioyaiia, Disf 98 

Iryeri, Dist 98 

Mincopius, Dist 99 

audamaneiisis, Dist 100 

liollius, Stdl 100 

Gergithus, Stal 101 

erebus, Dist 101 

proteus, Disf 102 

cribratus, Melich 102 

versicolor, Dist 102 

coinplicatus, Disf ] 03 

couspicularis, Dist 103 

Ilemisph.'erius, Schitum 104 

noctis, Dist . . 105 

fusco-clypeatus, J)ist 105 

atromaculatus, Disf 105 

Hilda, Kirk 105 

tenasserimeusis, Disf JOG 

beugalensis, Disf 106 

Subfam. 10. liicamince 108 

Pochazia, Amy. Sj- Serv 108 

pipera, Dist 108 

mamyona, Dist 108 

Ilicauia, Ger7n 109 

minbuensis, Dist 109 

obliqua, Walk 109 

densa, Walk 110 

tisiphoue. Dist 110 

coorgeusis, Disf Ill 

Ricanoptera, 3/(V«7; Ill 

vaiiegata, Dist Ill 

ramakrishiia, Dist 112 

mackenziei, Dist 112 

pbalsena, Dist 113 

Euricania, Melich 113 

Apachuas, Dist 113 

nobilis, Dist 114 

Sas8ula, Stal 115 

Gastulia, St.8l. 115 

moutaria, Disf 115 

Subfam. 11. Flatince 11(5 

Neosalurnis, Dist 116 

reticulatus, Dist 117 

Summanus, Dist 117 

indicus, Dist 118 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



I'age 

Satapa, Disf 118 

tuberculosa. Disf 118 

Flata, Fadr. 119 

Melicliaria, Kirk 119 

obtusanaula, Di-<f 119 

Hilavrita, Dw/* 120 

discolorata, Disf 120 

obliqua, Disf 120 

Ciyptoflata, Jlclich 120 

Urvxa, Melich 121 

Forculus, Disf 12] 

peculiaiis, Disf 121 

gibbosus, Dist 122 

viridis, Dist 122 

Forculusoides, Disf 12."] 

rubronervis, Disf 123 

Seliza, 6'tal 124 

pusana, Dist 124 

Paragomeda, Disf 124 

typica, Dist ] 25 

viridis, Dist 12o 

Ketuuiala, Disf. 125 

sinuata, Disf 125 

farinosa, Dist 126 

fuscouiarginata, 7>'/.v7 126 

Paraketumala, Dist 120 

anomala, Dist 127 

Aiiaya, Disf ] 27 

uicobai'eusis, Disf 127 

iiigropuDctata, Disf 12S 

Pai'anotiis, Kars'.h 128 

limbatus, Disf 129 

luaculosus, Disf 129 

Atracis, St a I 130 

fascialis, Disf 130 

atkiusoni, Disf 130 

haragamensis, Disf 131 

greeiii, Dist 1 31 

sadeyaua, Disf 132 

clypeata, Dist 132 

nalaudeusis, Dist 133 

dissiniilis, Dist 133 

Subfam. 12. Ddphadno:' 134 

Pundaluoya, Kirl; 134 

insignis, Dist 135 

pulchella, Dist 135 

facialis, Dist 130 

Parohita, Dist 136 

aruudinaceiB, Disf 1.30 

Onkelos, Dist 137 

annulatus, Disf ]37 

Akilas, Disf 138 

fasciatus, Disf 138 



Page 

Sogata, Dist 139 

steriialis, Dist 139 

pusana, Dist 139 

distincta, Dist 140 

pallesceiis, Disf 140 

thoracica, Disf 140 

Nilaparvala, Dist 141 

Sardia, JSMich 141 

prouotalis, Disf 141 

Orehesuja, Melich 142 

signata, Dist 142 

Tropidocephala, Stnl 142 

luteola, Dist. 143 

Zuleika, Dist 144 

bengalensi.^, Disf 144 

Liburiiia, Stal 145 

tuberculosa, Dist 145 

atrouiaculata, Dist 145 

Fam. Membracii)^^ 146 

Oxyrliacliis, Germ 146 

fonnidabilis, Dist 140 

mangiferaua, Dist 147 

lefroyi, Dist 147 

biusarus, Dist 148 

Hypsaucheuia, Genu 148 

kenipi, Dist 148 

iiiaiiiii, Disf 149 

Leptobelus, Stdl 149 

Teliugana, Dtst 149 

cognata, Disf 149 

ornanda, Dist 1 50 

campbelli, Dist 150 

balteata, Disf 151 

travancorensis, Disf. . . . 151 

consobriua, Dist 152 

Para]M)goii, Dist 153 

insignis, Dist 153 

Convector, Dist 153 

cpa'endus, Dist. 153 

Leptocentrus, StSl 154 

obortus, Di-it 154 

scutellatus, Dist 155 

l)njulaiis, Dist 155 

Eniplmsis, Buckt 156 

perarmatus, Dist 156 

Perianian, Dist 157 

pilosus, Dist 157 

Imporcitor, Dist 157 

typicus, Dist 157 

Otinotus, Buclt 158 

campbelli, Dist 158 

badiiis, Dist 158 

albomaculatus, Dist 159 



SYSTiarATIC I>'DEX. 



Page 

mimicus, Dist 150 

brevicornis, Dist 160 

transversus, Dist Kil 

rogon, Buckf 161 

albosignatum, Dist 161 

Ceiitrotus, Fabv 1 62 

Aucliou, Buckt 162 

Auchouoides, Disf 162 

ty picas, Dist 162 

Tricentrus, StlU 1 63 

kamaonensis, Ui-^/ 163 

repandus, Did 163 

euscliistus, Dist 164 

bovillus, Dist 164 

horizoutalis, Dist 164 

bifiircuss, Dist 1 65 

allabens, Dist 166 

proiius, Dist 166 

jeneiis, Dist 167 

resectus, Dist 167 

Centruchus, Stdl 168 

lULitiliis, Dist 168 

Tiiceiitroides, Dist 169 

pro2)rius, Dist 169 

Ebhul, Dist 169 

I'onnicarius, DisI 1G9 

Gargara, Ami/. ^- Serr 170 

contravia, Dist 170 

conl'usa, Dist 171 

extrema, Dist 171 

mixta, var. nandidrno-aiia, 

Dist 171 

splendidula, Z*/*^ 172 

c;elata, Disf 172 

l^ogoutypus, Dist 1 73 

dissimilis, Dist 173 

Machaerotypiis, Ulder 173 

pallescen.-, Dist 173 

nuwarana, Dist 174 

Occator, Dist 174 

erectus, Dist 174 

Coccosterphu.*, Stdl 175 

paludatus, Dist 175 

Iiibitor, Dist 176 

exemplificatu.*, Di^t 176 

Parayasa, Di>=t 1 76 

typica, Dist 177 

maculosa, Did 177 

elegantula, Did 178 

■M\A, J)ist 178 

atricapilla, Dist 1 79 

affinis, Did 179 

dissimilis, 7//.v< 179 

margherita. Did 180 

nilgirieii.sis, Disf 180 



Page 

modesta, Dist 181 

rustica, Did 181 

Sarritor, Dist 182 

retusus, Dist 182 



Fam. Cercopii)^: 



183 



Subfam. 1. Machcerotince .... 183 

Machaerota, Bnnn 183 

assaiiiensis, Dist 183 

j;octua, Dist 183 

pandata, Dist 184 

Conditor, Dist 184 

coUatatus, Dist 185 

Subfam. 2. Aphroj)hori)ia' .... 185 

Poophilus, Sttd 185 

Ptyelus, St. Fary. cV Serr. . . 186 

liambautotensis, Did 186 

jayakari, Dist 187 

cinereus, Dist 187 

Clovia, Stdl 187 

buimanica, Dist 188 

mmidiila, Dist 188 

Lopyrunia, Amy. iS,- Serr. . . 188 

dsedalia, Di.st 188 

Aphi'ophora, Germ 189 

nuwarana, Dist 190 

tiifasciata. Did 190 

Abdas, Dist 191 

nuncupatus, Dist 191 

Jerabrana, Di-'it 192 

costalis, Dist 192 

bipaitita, Dist 192 

obesa, Did 193 

Philagra, Stdl 193 

costalis, Dist 193 

Vervactor, Dist 1 94 

tvpicalis, Dist 194 

Hindola, Kirk 195 

lucida, Did 195 

lliudoloides, Dist 196 

indicans, Dist 197 

Qiiinquatrus, D/.sf 197 

dobertvi, Di.d 197 

Xenaias,'DiV 198 

notandus, Dist 198 

Subfam. 3. C'ercopince 199 

Callitettix, Stdl 199 

Abidama, Z'i*'^ l!)<) 

scutellata, Dist 199 



SYSTEMATIC IXDEX. 



Page 

Paphnutius, Dist 200 

ostentus, Di.<t 200 

Caloscarta, Brcdd 200 

pallescens, Dist 200 

Cnsidia, Stdl 201 

nitidula, Bredd 201 

Eoscarta, Brcdd 202 

fuscata, Di.sf 202 

ferruginwa, J) is/ 203 

Yigilantius, I)i>if 203 

fascialis, Disf 203 

Autidu8, Smi 204 

shillonganus, Dist 204 

contevmiuus, Dist. ...... 205 

Phymatostetha, Stdl 205 

nifolimbata, Sc/imidi .... 205 

si mil is, Schmidt 200 

tjeniata, Schmidt 208 

Cosmoscarta, Stdl 207 

clirysomeLeiia, Butl. . . . , 207 

gravelyi, Dist 208 

hmata, Dist 208 

dimota, Schmidt 209 

discessa, Sch)iiidt 209 



ochraceicoUis, Schmidt 
fumosa, Dist 



210 
210 



asyameusis, Di^t 2' 1 

imrayi, Dist 21 1 

iivmplia, Z*/-/ 211 

balteata, Dist 212 

gracilis, Schmidt 212 

trifasciata, Schmidt 212 

liiinalayana, Dist 213 

nigriveutris, Sclimidt .... 213 

peguensis, Schmidt 213 

T3revis, Schmidt 214 

prompta, Schmidt 214 

Gj'nopygolax, Schmidt .... 214 

iiigriscutellata, Schmidt . . 215 

Ilomalostetlius, Schmidt .... 215 

Opistarsostethus, Schmidt . . 215 

Simeliria, Schmidt 216 

Suraparta, Schmidt 210 

Lt^|itataspis, Schvtidt .... 210 
pirollei, Lallem 217 

Fani. Jassid^: 217 



Subfam. 1. Lcdriiuc . 



Pa^e 

signata, Dist 218 

bombayeusis, Dist 219 

granulosa, Dist 219 

bainbriggei, Dist 220 

Ledra, Fahr 220 

(juadricarinn, Wall; 220 

Confucius. Dist 221 

Ledropsis, White 221 

lutescens, Dist 221 

angularis, Dist 222 

Ledrotypa, Dist 222 

spatulata, Dist 223 

cultrata, Walh 223 

greeni, Dist 224 

Colunibanus, Dist 224 

misranus, Dist 224 

Paimacbus, Dist 225 

exemplificatus, Dist 225 



... , 217 

Petalocepbala, Stdl 217 

ceplialotes, Dist 218 



Subfam. 2. Bi/thoscoj/i/if 

Idiocerus, Lewis . . . . 

maculatus, Dist. . . 
P)ytlioscopus, Genu. 

nuxgnus, Dist 

lladhades, Dist 

crassus, Dist 

Agallia, Curtis . . . . 

rugosa, Disf 

campbelli, Dist, 

janaka, Dist 

Neliela, Bvcli. Wldtc 

niuntaua, Dist 

violacea, Dist. ... 
Moonia, Dist 

albiniaculata, Disf. 

capitata, Dist. . . . 

brunnea, Dist. . . 

variabilis, Dist. 

diversa, Dist. . . . 

albivitta, Dist. 
Sitades, Dist 

fasciatus, Dist. . . . 
Dui'gades, Dist. . . . 

nigropictus, Dist. . 
Pediopsis, Bun)). . , . 

orieutalis, Di.st. 

lovedalensis, Dist. 

garuda, Dist 



220 

220 
220 



228 
228 
228 
229 
230 
231 
231 
233 
233 
2.33 
234 
234 
234 
235 
230 
236 
236 



238 
238 
239 
239 
239 



A P V E ^ IJ 1 X. 



IIOMOPTER/V 

Family CICADID^. (Vol. Ill, p. 55.) 

In Yoluine III, 141) s])ecies of Cicadidae were enumenitcd and 
described as t'oiind in tliis Pauiia. I am now able to add 23 more 
species, bringing up the total to 172. 

Genus PLATYPLEUBA. (Vol. Ill, p. 58.) 

3130. Platypleura atkinsoni, Ui'^t. A. M. N. II. (8)ix, p. 181 (191 -J), 

5 . Body above cinnamomeous brown ; vertex narrowly at inner 
margins of eyes, and narrow anterior margins of vertex and 
front, piceous or black ; ocelli iiarrowly margined with black ; 
pronotum with the lateral and posterior margins and the anterior 




Fig. 1. — Plafi/plcKm afkinsonl. 

marginal area ochraceous, and \\itli a more or less distinct ])iceoiis 
central fascia; mesoiiotuni with two obconical spots on anterior 
margin and a sublateral lim- ou each side black, the basal cruciform 
elevation ochraceous ; posterior abdominal segmental margins 
distinctly paler; body beneath and legs cinnamomeous brown, 
the sternum and legs distinctly pilose ; head beneath with a 
transverse black fascia between the eyes crossing anterior margin 
of face; tegmina and wings hyaline, the venation ochraceous; 
tegmina with the costal membrane and exLreiiie base ochraceous, 
the .whole tegrainal area somewhat sparsely speckled with small 
but distinct black spots, those on the apical marginal area in tw o 

VOL. Tl. B 



2 APPE?fJ)TX. CTC'ADID.T'. 

series arranged in pairs, the outermost ^smaller ; face with the 
mai'gins a little convex, the lateral transverse ridges strongly 
pronounced, the central longitudinal snlcation broad ; head 
(including eyes) a little wider than base of mesonotuin ; pronotal 
margins subtruncate, not medially angulate; rostrum distinctly 
passing posterior coxae. 

Length excl. tegm., 5 ' l^a ; ^-'^P- tegm. 49 millim. 

Hah. Tenasserim {AtkiiisoiL Coll., Brit. Jliis.). 

By the subtruncate pronotal margins allied to P. cervhia. Walk., 
by the finely spotted teginina having affinity with the S. African 
P. longida, Dist. 

Platypleuka bama. (Vol. Ill, p. 70.) 
Platypleura badia, Bist. A. M. X. II. (8) xii, p. .j.jr (WIS). 

At the time of the description of this species and until the 
above date, I only knew P. badia by the female form from 
Tenasserim. The British Museum has recently received 
example from Burma, which I now describe : — 

c? . Opercula short, broad, and overlapping inwardly, not pa-^sing 
the base of abdomen, obtusely rounded laterally and apically ; 
rostrum reaching base of abdomen ; body beneath somewhat longly 
pilose. 

Length excl. tegra., rJ , 1*J ; exp. tegm. 52 millim. 

Add : Ifit/). Lo\\er Burma ; Toungoo Distr. (G. C. Clarence). 



Genus RIHANA. (Vol. Ill, p. 7S.) 

3137. Rihana seminiger, Disf. iJntnuio/oi/i.^^t, 1909, p. 208. 

c? . Body above bbick : eves, posterior margin of ]ironotum, the 
narrow margins to two central obconical spots on mesonotum. 
the base of the cruciform elevation and the lateral margins of the 
metanotum, dull, obscure olivaceous; a large transverse lateral 
spot on each side of the second abdominal segment and a round 
spot on each side of base of anal segment cretaceous-white ; head 
beneath, sternum and opercula thickly greyish pilose ; face with 
the transverse ridges black and with a central longitudinal 
ochraceous fascia which is centrall}'' attenuated and also lon^i- 
tudinally continued on clypeus; opercula with their inner margins 
(broadly) and their outer and posterior margins (narrowly) black ; 
abdomen beneath black, the abdominal segmental margins obscure 
olivaceous, a spot on each side of the second abdominal segment 
and one on eaeh side of the sixth segment cretaceous-white : 
legs black, apices of femora and bases of tibiae more or less 
ocliraceous ; tegmina and wings hyaline, in some lights with a 
pale bluish reflection, the venation either piceons or brownish- 
olivaceous, the extreme base virescent ; length of head more than 
half the breadth of space between eyes ; face broadly, moderately 



CUYPTOTYMl'AN.V. 3 

prominent ; opercula broad, not extending beyond base of 
abdomen, their posterior margins broadly rounded, their inner 
margins a little overlapping, their lateral mai-gins nearly straight; 
rostrum slightly passing the intermediate coxtc, ochraceous, 
centrally, longitudinally and apically black. 

Length excl. tegm., (J , 30 ; exp. tegm. !J7 millim. 

Hah. India ; Nilgiri Hills {H. L. Andrews, Brit. Mus.). 

Allied to Ji. (itni, Dist., from the Philippines. 

Genus CRYPTOTYMPANA. (Vol. Ill, p. SO.) 

3i;5S. Cryptotympana mandarina, Dist. Mon. Orient. Cicad. p. 8G, 

t. xi, f. 7, f/, h (IWtl). 
Mdicina operculata, Carrcno [MS. ?) : Wallc. List Ilom. i, p. 90 
(1850). 

6 • Body above black ; eyes fuscons : anal segnieut of the 
abdomen with an odiraceous spot on each side; body beneath 
and legs black ; a spot at anterior margin of face, two marginal 
spots between face and eyes, lateral margins of face, femoral 
streaks, posterior tibiae (excluding bases and apices), margins of 
opercula, segmental margins (excluding disk), and apex of terminal 
segments, dark ochraceoiis ; tegmina and wings liyaline, the 
venation fuscous ; tegmina with the costal membrane castaneous, 
its extreme costal edge and the post-costal area blackish, basal 
cell black, about basal third of tegmina and the subcostal area 
to apex pale castaneous ; wings with about basal half irregularly 
very dark castaneous. The opercula extend to about half the 
length of the abdomen, sliglitly overlap at basal margin, somewhat 
concavely and obliquely sinuate at outer margins, and inwardly 
beyond base widely divergent to apices, which are narrowly and 
obtusely convex. 

Lengtli excl. tegm., d" , 40 ; exp. tegm. 115 millim. 

Hah. Tenasserim {Col. Bingham). — Tonkin {Mus. Paris); China ; 
Hainan. 

CnYPXOTYMPAIfA EXALBIDA. (Vol. Ill, p. 86.) 

Cryptotymvaua exalbida, Dist. A. M. N. II. (S) x'u, p. 486 (1913). 

My previous knowledge of this species was confined to eight 
female specimens derived from Sikkim and the Nilgiri Hills. 
Mr. E. E. Green has since presented the British Museum with ti 
male specimen from Ceylon, which enables tlie characters of that 
sex to be described. 

d" . Opercula ochraceous, a little longer than broad, centrallv 
moderately overlapping, their apices extending to posterior margin 
of the second abdominal segment, outer margins nearly straight, 
apices narrowed and obtusely rounded, inner margins oblique. 

Length excl. tegm. 38; exp. tegm. 100 millim. 

Add: Ilah. Ceylon; Oduchuddan (G'recji). 

b2 



4 APPENDIX. — CTCADIU.i:. 

(4enus DUNDUBIA. (Vol. 111. p. iU.) 
313!). Dundubia helena, Did. A. M. N. II. (8) ix, p. 041 (1912). 

Body and legs brownish ochraceous ; apical spot to front of 
head, lateral and posterior margins of pronotum, posterior margin 
of metanotuni, tympanal coverings, narrow posterior segmental 
margins to abdomen above, opercula, and abdomen beneath, pale 
ochraceous; tegmina and wings hyaline, the venation brownish or 
pale ochraceous; head about as long as pronotum, the front large 
and convex, about twice as broad at its base as the length of the 
anterior margins of tlie lobes of vertex; lateral margins of the 
pronotum distinctly toothed ; abdomen very little longer than 
space between apex of head and base of cruciform elevation ; 
opercula in male long, extending to base of sixth abdominal 
segment, strongly concavely narrowed on each side near base and 
thence couvexly ampliated ; rostrum scarcely reaching the posterior 
coxae ; second apical area of the tegmina little more tlian half the 
length of the first. 

Length excl. tegm., J , 35 ; exp. tegm. 88 millim. 

Hah. N. India; Dehra Dun {Brit. Mas.). 

Allied to D. mannifera, Linn., but differing in the shape of the 
opercula, which are strongly concavely narrowed on each side 
near base; the second apical area to the tegmina is very short, 
distinctly shorter than the corresponding area in D^ mannifera. 

Genus TANNA. 
Tamia, Disf. A. M. JS. H. (7) xv, p. r,l (lOOo). 

Type, T. japonensis, Dist., from Japan. 

Dlstrihution. India, Malay Archipelago, and Japan. 

Closely allied to Leptopsaltna (vol. iii, p. 89), from which it 
ditiers by having a lateral tubercle only on the second and not on 
the third ventral segment, in other respects resembling the genus 
Fomponia (vol. iii, p. 111). 

Head (including eyes) narrower than base of niesonotum and 
about as long as space between eyes : lateral margins of pronotum 
angularly sinuate, but not prominently toothed ; abdomen mucli 
longer than space between apex of head and base of cruciform 
elevation : tvmpaua covered ; o])ercula small, not or scarcely 
extending beyond base of abdomen ; rostrum reaching the posterior 
coxai ; tegmina and wings hyaline. 

3140. Tanna bhutanensis, Dint. A. M. X. II. (S) ix, p. 182 (1912). 

Head, pronotum, and mesonotum more or less greenish 
ocliraceous; anterior and lateral margins of front, an irregular 
central fascia to vertex (enclosing the ocelli), anterior inner 
margins of eyes, a curved fasciate line about middle of lateral 
margins and the anterior angles, anterior niai-gin of pronotum. 



TANX A . — i>latylo:m ia. 5 

two centfui fasciate lines widened autei'iorlj and posteriorly, and 
the outer fissures, mesonotum with a short central line almost 
united with an elongate saiijittit'orm spot on basal area, two 
irregular slightly curved discal t'asciiie scarcely extending behind 
middle, a broad sublateral fascia on each side doubly united to the 
lateral margin posteriorly, and a rounded spot at each anterior 
angle of the cruciform elevation, black ; abdomen brownish 
ochraceous, the segmental incisures a little darker, apex of abdo- 
men beneath black ; body beneath and legs brownish ochraceous, 
the face and opercnla distinctly ])aler ; tegminaand wings hyaline, 
the venation brownish ; tegmina with the costal membrane, spots 
at the apices of the ulnar areas, and smaller spots near the apices 




Fig. 2. — Taniui hhiifancn)>i>>. 

of the veins of apical areas, fuscous brown ; second ventral seg- 
ment in male alone provided with lateral tubercles ; opercula in 
male short, not passing posterior margin of first ventral segment, 
widely separated at their inner margins, wliich are roundly 
obtusely angulate, their posterior margins rounded, their lateral 
margins almost straight : rostrum slightly passing the posterior 
coxae. 

Length excl. tegm., c? , 24 ; exp. tegm. 72 millim. 

Hn}>. Bhutan (Br'd. Mus.). 

The only species of this genus at present recorded from Bi'itish 
India. 



Genus PLATYLOx\[IA. (A'ul. liL, p. 100.) 
3141. Platylomia brevis, Bid. A. M. N. H. (8) ix, p. 182 (1912). 

Closely allied in colour ami markings to F. salnritta. Walk', 
(vol iii, p. 105), but differing by tiie short and narrower opercula, 
which do not reach the penultimate abdominal segment as in 
Vv^alker's species, but scarcely pass the posterior margin of the 
third segment, their apices, as in P. saturata, are narrowed, angu- 
lated and slightly directed outwardly. 

Length excl. tegm. 40 ; exj). tegm. 103 millim. 

Hah. "N. India " {Brit. Mas.). 



APPENDIX. — CiCABID.i:. 



ol4'2. Platylomia insignis, Dl.'<t. A. M. X. H. (8) ix, p. 183 (191 1>). 

Ill colour and markings scarcely se])arable from P. saturata, 
AValk., but differiug altogether in tlie structure of the opercula, 
which reach the penultimate abdominal segment, but Lave not 
their apices llarro\^ed and angulated as in Wnlker's species, but 
somewhat broadly rounded ; they are narrowed at the base and 






a b c 

Fig. 3. — a. I'laiylo/iiia saturata. 

b. I'Jati/lomia brevis. 

c. Plati/loinia insic/nis. 

strongly sinuate before the middle of the lateral margins; the 
abdomen is distinctly shorter and broader, and the tegmina less 
arched on costal margin. 

Length excl. tegni. 30; exp. tegm. 10!) milliin. 

Hab. Bhutan (Brit. Mus.). 



Genus MEIMUNA. (Vol. Ill, p. LOT.) 

3143. Meimuna casandra, nist. A. M. X. 11. (8) ix, p. 042 (19] 2). 

Head black, with the following oehraceous markings — a spot 
at apex of front and lateral striations on same, lateral margins ot 
vertex, inner margins of eyes, and suifusions at area of ocelli ; 
pronotum oehraceous, two central fascia^, an elongate spot on 
each side of disk, the fissures, and lateral posterior ra;irgins, 
black ; mesonotvuu oehraceous, with five longitudinal black fasciae, 
the three central shortest and connected posteriori}^ the lateral 
fasciae longest and broadest and containing a basal oehraceous 
spot, a large transverse black spot in front of the cruciform 
elevation ; abdomen above black, the ])osterior segmental margins 
pale oehraceous, two lateral brownish spots before middle ; 
tympanal coverings ver}^ pale oehraceous ; bod}^ beneath and legs 
oehraceous ; transverse striations and central sulcation (excluding 
base) on face, a transverse spot between face and eyes, posterior 
areas of cheeks, lateral areas of clypeus, and central spots on the 
last two abdominal segments, black ; tegmina and wings hyaline, 
the venation fuscous, tegmina Avith the basal veins to the second 



rOMI'OXlA. — ONCOTYMl'ANA. / 

ami lliirtl apical areas lightly iuFuscate ; liead (iiicliidiiig eyes) 
about as broad as base of inesoiiof iim, urea of the ocelli distinctly 
sulcate centrally ; lateral margins of the pronotum distinctly, 
acrutely toothed before middle; rostrum reaching the posterior 
coxse ; opercula reaching the third abdon)inal si'gment, their outer 
margins subparallel, inwardly widest but not meeting near 
postt'rior coxa?, iinier margins oblique, apices nari'owlv rounded. 

Length excl. tegni., 6 , -S : exp. tegni. 72 millim. 

IJab. N. India ; near Dehra Dun (Brit. jIJhs.}. 

In superficial appearance stronglv resembling M. opalifera, 
AValk., from Corea aud Japan, but differing very nnicli in the 
shape of the opercula in the male, these being narrowed and 
angulated at a])ices in AValker's species. 

(lenus POMPONIA. (A'ol. Ill, p. 111.) 

3144. Pomponia picta. Walk. (DunduLia), J. Linn. Soc, Zoo/, x, p. !K) 

(If^t)!); Did. (Pomponia) Mo/t. Orient, dead. p. 71. t. vii, 
f. 11«, i (isyOj. 

Body ])ale castaneoLis ; a central fascia to front, two large 
curved fasciae to vertex (commencing at base on each side of ocelli 
aixl more or less continued to anterior lateral angles), a large 
central angulated fascia (containing two black sinuated lines) and 
the posterior margin to pronotum, pale greenish ; mesonotum 
Avith the outer nnu-gins of two obscure obconical spots, and the 
basal cruciform elevation, pale greenish or ochraceous ; abdomen 
abo\e with a lateral segmental series of dark longitudinal spots ; 
face castaneous, two central spots and transverse lateral lines 
pale greenish ; clypeus with a basal spot and central carinatioiii 
pale greenish ; opercula pale greenish ; legs green, more or less 
broadly annulated with black ; tegmina hyaline, costal membrane 
green, the venation black with long greenish annulatioiis, the 
apices of the ulnar veins, spots on and near the apices of the 
apical veins, and smaller spots on hasal area, fuscous brown ; 
wings hyaline, the venation fuscous ; opercula in\\ ardly and 
outwardly oblique, their apices broadly convex, inwardly nearly 
meeting. 

Length excl. tegm., J , 28-37 ; exp. tegm. 70-85 millim. 

JIah. Ceylon ; Pattipola {Bainbrvjge- Fletcher). — Sumatra, Java, 
Borneo. 

This species should be placed after P. lactea, Dist. (vol. iii, 
p. lll>). 

Genus ONCOTYMPANA. (Vol. Ill, p. 117.) 

3145. Oncotympana mahoni, Di.st. A.M.N.H. (7)^^ii,p. 183 (190G). 

d". Head, pronotum, and mesonotum olivaceous green; head 
with very broad lateral areas to front and area of the ocelli (from 
which an oblique line proceeds on each side to margins of vertex) 



8 APPEXDIX. — CICADIU.i:. 

black : ])roiiotum A\itli a very broad central aiigulated fascia, 
followed by a curved discal spot, an irregular oblique fascia from 
beliind eyes, the fissures, and a transverse spot on lateral margins, 
black ; niesouotuin with two central obconical spots, followed by 
a large central lanceolate spot, a broad irregular fascia near each 
lateral area, two rounded spots in front of cruciform elevation, 
and a large central spot to same, black : abdomen above olivaceous 
green, thickly covered with alternately black and ochraceous spots, 
the anal segment cretaceous white ; tympanal coverings piceous ; 
head beneath, stenuim, legs, and opercula dull greenish ochra- 
ceous ; lateral carinations to face, a spot on each side of clypeus, 
iipex of rostrum, narrow basal and apical suifusions to femora 
and tibia?, and the abdomen beneath, ])iceous or black, the latter 
with the segmental margins and a lateral spot on each side near 
base olivaceous green ; tegmina and wings hyaline with a bronzy 
tint, the venation testaceous or fuscous ; tegmina with the costal 
membrane greenish ochraceous, a round fuscous spot on the 
transverse veins at bases of second, third, fifth, seventh, and eighth 
apical areas, and a fuscous spot at apices of longitudinal veins to 
apical areas; wings with the outer margin and a basal streak to 
anal area fuscous ; opercula transverse, their inner margins black 
and not meeting, their posterior margins broadly rounded ; head 
(including eyes) narrower than hase of mesonotum. 

Length excl. tegm., J and 5 , 20 ; exp. tegm., J 77, $ 83 
millim. 

Hah. N.W. India ; Masuri {Muhoni). 

The late Mr. Mackinnon, who sent this species, asked me 
to name it after his chief collector Mahoni, who captured the 
specimens. 

Allied to 0. melanoptera, Uist., from which it may be at once 
separated, apart from other characters, by its much narrower 
head. 

Genus MATA. {\o\. Ill, p. 119.) 

314(;. Mata rama, Dist. A. M. N. II. (S) ix, p. 4-'3!) (1912). 

Head, |)ronotum, and mesonotum greenish ochraceous; lateral 
margins of front, two central linear fascias to vertex (almost 
enclosing the ocelli), two spots on each lateral margin of vertex 
and inner margins of eyes, pronotum with two central longi- 
tudinal fasciie, united anteriorlv and posteriori v, and an inner 
lateral marginal line, black ; mesonotum with two central obconical 
spots denoted by their dark margins, a central sagittiform spot, a 
more or less obscure and subobsolete sublateral fascia, and a 
roun led sjjot before each anterior angle of the cruciform basal 
elevation, black ; abdomen above more or less testaceous brown ; 
head beneath, sternum, and logs virescent ; abdomen beneath 
testaceous brown ; opercula in male virescent, their posterior and 
lateral margins piceous; teguiina and wings hyaline, the first 
with the costal membrane greenish ochraceous, stigmatal spot 



Klil'XOSlA. 



9 



black, apices of tlie first and second radial areas infiiscated ; 
venation of tegmiiia and wiiiys more or less piceous ; pronotum 
w itli tlie lateral margins very slightly convex, sinnale before tlie 
posterior lateral angles, which are moderately, lobately produced ; 
tympanal coverings piceous, tlieir onter margins a little sinuate, 
the posterior angles alone projecting beyond the lateral margins 
of the abdomen ; opercula shoi-t, transverse, scarcely extending 
beyond the base of the abdomen, their lateral margins visible 
from above, their posterior lateral angles rounded, their posterior 
margins oblique ; rostrum reaching the posterior coxte. 

Length excl. tegm., d and $,17; exp. tegm., d 55, 5 G<3 
millim. 

Hab. Bhutan (Brit. iMus.). 

Very distinct from J\J. hima, Dist., the only other described 
species of the genus ; tegmina proportionally shorter and almost 
unspotted, &c. 

Genus TERPNOSIA. (Vol. Ill, p. 120.) 

3147. Terpnosia jenkinsi, Dht. A. M. N. H. (8) ix, p. is:', (1!)12). 

Body above brownish ochraceons, soniew hat thickly and irre- 
gularly marked with black ; head with the front transversely 
blackly striate and with two angulate black spots at base, vertex 
Avitli the area of the ocelli, broad inner margins to eyes, and 
irregular discal spots black ; pronotum with the nuirgins of an 
irregular central fascia, the fissures, lateral mai'gins, and some 
scattered spots black ; mesonotum with a large central macular 




Fig. 4. — TcrpnoRia jenkim^i. 



patch, a sublateral fascia and some lateral spots, some smaller 
.spots on anterior margin, and the space between the anterior 
angles of the basal cruciform elevation, black ; abdomen above 
irregularly and mostly transversely marked with black; body 
beneath and legs dull pale ochraceous ; between face and eyes 
a black transverse spot, face distinctly blackly striate; apex of 
rostrum, shadings to anterior and intermediate femora, apices of 
tibiae and tarsi, black : abdomiiud segments beneath trans\ ersely 
^nd maculately shaded with fuscous brown ; tegmina and wings 



10 APPENDIX. — CK'ADID.l::. 

hyaline, the first with the venation shaded here and there with 
black, two transverse linear s])ot3 before a|)ex, the apex of the 
second ulnar area, and small indistinct spots near the apices of 
the longitudinal veins to apical areas, black or blackish ; tymiianal- 
coverings only a little shorter, but considerably narrower, than 
tympanal oritices ; operciila in male not extending beyond base of 
abdomen, their lateral margins sinuate, their apices transversely 
rounded ; rostrum reaching the posterior coxae ; wings with six 
a^jical areas. 

Leiigth excl. tegm., J , 26 ; exp. tegm. 7- niillim. 

Hah. AV. Bengal; Paresuath (J. T. Jeiilins, Brit. 4" ^'*(<'- 
Muss.). 

This species, of which I have as yet seen only two specimens, 
is allied to P. iisecas. Walk., by the length of the tympanal cover- 
ings ; it is, however, a smaller and differently marked species. 
The most distinct, but possibly abnormal, character in tlie type 
oi P. jcnkinsi '\8 found in the tegmina, where there is a distinct 
cell before the second apical area; the relative lengths of this cell 
and the apical area are not quite similar in the two tegmina. 

31JS. Tevpnosia versicolor, Ui^t. A. M. K. H. (8) i.\, p. 4(ji' (1912j. 

<S . Head, pronotum, and mesonoluin Airescent; lateral stria- 
tions to front (not meeting anteriorly), area of the ocelli, narrow 
anterior and posterior margins to pronotum, the fissures and 
broad lateral marginal areas, the margins of two aiiterior obconical 
spots to mesonotum, on each side of which is a broad percurrent 
longitudinal fascia, and a spot in front of each anterior angle of 
the cruciform basal elevation, castaneous brown ; abdomen above 
ocliraceous, the posterior segmental margins virescent ; head 
beneath, sternum, legs, and opereula virescent ; cheeks and tibiae- 
more or less suffused with castaneous brown ; abdomen beneath 
brownish testaceous, disk of anal segment purplish brown ; teg- 
mina and wings hyaline, the venation and costal membrane of 
the former more or less virescent ; opereula in male short and 
transverse, not extending beyond basal segment of abdomen ; 
head deflected anteriorly, front not prominent, its length about 
equal to breadth between eyes ; pronotum distinctly shorter than 
mesonotum. 

Length excl. tegm., J, I'J ; exp. tegm. 55 millim. 

JTah. Burma; Iluby Mines {Boliertu^ Brit. Mas.). 

Allied to T. collina', Dist. 

3149. Terpnosia olierthuri, Dist. A. 31. N. H. (8) ix, p. 46:? (1012). 

d'. Closely allied in colour and markings to the preceding- 
species 1 . versicolor, but the tegmina A\ith the transverse veins 
at the apices of the ulnar areas and the ai)ices of the longitudinal 
veins to apical areas distinctly infuscated ; the opereula much les& 



TERl'TsOSlA. — CICAli.VTIiA. 11 

truucale and more obli(iiie. au'l in coii.si'queiice ol" llii.'^ being con- 
siderably wider apart than in T. versicolor. 

Length exfl. tegni., c? , 1-; ex\). tegin. 55 millini. 

JJoh. Bhutan (Brit. Mus.). 

Near T.jnimila, Dist., a Boniean sj^ecies. 



3150. Terpnosia crowfooti, Dht. A. M. N. II. (S) x, p. 43!) (191i^). 

Head, pronotura, and mesonotum pale olivaceous green ; head 
with anterior marginal lines to front, lateral margins to verte.x, 
and the area of the ocelli black ; pronotum with two central 
curved longitudinal lines, the outer fissure, a transverse spot near 
lateral angles, and two small, central, contiguous spots near base 
black ; mesonotum with a central straight longitudinal line, on 
each side of which is a short inwardly curved line, a curved 
fasciate line on each lateral area, two spots in front of the basal 
cruciform elevation, and the anterior angles of the same black ; 
abdomen pale brownish ochraceous, shortly palely pilose, the 
central area darker, ^^•ith a series of large segmental spots on each 
lateral area and smaller spots on lateral margins piceous, apical 
segment covered with greyish-white pile ; head beneath, sternum, 
legs, and opercula pale greenish ochraceous ; tibiae, tarsi, and 
rostrum brownish ochraceous; abdomen beneath thickly covered 
with greyish pile ; tegmina aud wings hyaline, unspotted, botli 
with the venation and the first witli the costal membrane piceous ; 
opercula in c? not extending beyond base of abdomen, their 
lateral and apical margins convex ; tympanal coverings less than 
half the length of tympanal orifices, small and rudimentary. 

Length excl. tegm., S , 24 ; exp. tegm. 5S millim. 

Hab. Badamtan, near Darjeeling (A. li. Crowfoot, Brit. Mas.). 

By the completely unspotted tegmina and the rudimentary 
tympanal covei'ings this species is allied to T. madhava, Dist. 
(vol. iii, p. 130), from which it diflfers by the more elongate 
tegmina and totally diflerent markings &c. 



(:Jenus CICADATRA. (Vol. Ill, p. 132.) 

3151 . Cicadatra raja, JJisf. A. M. N. 11. (7) xvii, p. 184 (1906). 

Head and pronotum castaneous ; the ocelli sometimes mar- 
gined with piceous ; pronotum with the posterior margin ochra- 
ceous or greenish ochraceous, and sometiujes with a central 
longitudinal ochraceous fascia, broadened anteriorly and posteriorly, 
two small piceous spots at centre of posterior margin ; mesonotum 
brownish ochraceous, with four obconical piceous or castaneous 
spots, the two central ones short and somewhat wide apart, two 
spots of the same colour in front of the cruciform ele\atioa 
(sometimes absent) ; abdomen above brownish or castaneous, 
palely pilose, with the segmental margins piceous or darker in 



12 APi'ENJ)IX. — CICADID.i:, 

line ; body beneath palely pilose ; teguihia and wings hyaline, the 
first with the venation fuscous, the costal membrane and some of 
the basal veins virescent, a distinct small piceous spot at apex of 
upper apical area ; wings with the venation, inner broad anal 
margin (enclosing a small pale spot at apex), and the narrow 
outer margin of tlie anal area fuscous : opercula small, obliquely 
transverse, very thickl}' palely pilose, not passing base of abdo- 
men or meeting internally. 

Length excl. tegm. 18-20 ; exp. tegm. 44-47 miilim. 

Hah. N.AV. India, Aglar Valley, Masuri {P. W. Madcinnon). 

Allied to C. sanl-ana, Dist. (vol. iii, p. I^'i2) from the same 
di^trict. 



;>152. Cicadatra inconspicua, Dist. A. M. N. II. (8) ix, p. 463 
(1912). 

d" . Head piceous, anterior angles of vertex dull ochraceous ; 
pronotum brownish ochraceous, a central reversed triangular 
piceous spot with a central ochraceous line, the basal marginal 
area piceous ; mesonotum brownish ochraceous, with two antei'ior 
obsolete central obconioal spots, on each side of which is a per- 
current submarginal piceous fascia, and a large piceous spot 
before the cruciform basal elevation : abdomen above pale brown- 
ish with piceous shadings, the posterior segmental margins pale 
ochraceous ; body beneath and legs ochraceous ; tegmina and 
wings hyaline, the venation, costal membrane, and basal claval 
streak to the lirst and anal marginal area of the latter, ochraceous ; 
a small transverse piceous spot above apex of radial area and 
a similar spot at apex of clavus to tegmina; opercula somewhat 
long, reaching tlie posterior margin of the basal abdominal seg- 
ment, obliquely directed inwardly, their apices thus not very far 
apart, outwardly moderately convex, a little sinuate on each side 
uear base, their apices suhangularly rounded ; rostrum reaching 
the intermediate coxse. 

Length excl. tegm., c? ? 8 ; ^^'^' tegm. 35 miilim. 

Hah. Brit. India; Mhow {Bnt. Mus.). 

A small species, somewhat intermediate between the preceding 
species, C. raja, Dist., and G. striata. Walk. (vol. iii, p. 134), 
but much smaller than either and to be distinguished by the dis- 
tinct characters of the opercula. 



Genus P3ALM0CHARIAS, to replace Sena. (Vol. Ill, p. 134.) 

Psalmocbanus, Kirk., n. iiom., EiituDiohv/iKt. xli, p. 124 (1908). 

The name l^ena being preoccupied, that proposed by Ivirkaldy 
must be substituted for it. 



PSALMOCIIAJIIAS. OUDAISA. 1.3 

PSALMOCII A HIAS QU.ERL'I.A, 

8ena qiia'rula. (^^)l. 111, p. ISo.) 

Specimens ot this species were exliil)ited at a Meeting of the 
Zoological Society of Loudou (February 1, IIJIO) by Col. Sir A. 
H. McMalion, who stated that great swarms of it had visited 
Quetta, Baluchistan, in 1909. Similar swarms had been known 
to occur at intervals of about six years. This Cicadid bores a liole 
in the gromid, apparently intended merely to hold the insect 
during its pupal stage. Each hole is separate and quite open, 
holds only one pupa, and is bored vertically to a depth varying 
from 11 inches to 2 feet. In diameter it is about half an inch, 
but widens slightly at the bottom. 

(Jenus GUDABA. (Vol. Ill, p. 138.) 
3153. Gudaba maculata, Uid. A. M. N. II. (8) x, p. 439 (1912). 

Head, pronotum, and mesonotum ochraceous ; head w ith the 
apex and two longitudinal fascine to front, area of the ocelli, and 
an oblique fascia before each eye, black ; pronotum with two 
central longitudinal fasciae, a spot behind each eye, and the 
lateral fissures, black : mesonotum with a central longitudinal line, 
on each side of which is a short oblique linear fascia, a sublateral 
fascia (sometimes much broken), two small spots in front of the 
cruciform elevation, and the anterior angles of same, black; 
abdomen brownish ochraceous, in d a small black basal spot and 
the apical area castaneous, in $ a central black spot on the fii\st 
three segments and a series of small lateral marginal spots ; body 
beneath and legs brownish ochraceous in c?,the apices of the 
femora distinctly black, and the apical area of the abdomen 
piceous or black ; in the 2 the underside of the body and legs 
is virescent; tegmina and wings hyaline, venation brownish 
ochraceous or fuscous ; tegmina with a sublateral series of mar- 
ginal fuscous spots placed on the lateral veins to apical areas ; 
head as long as breadth between eyes ; pronotum with the lateral 
mai'gins angulated : abdomen considerably longer than space be- 
tween head and base of cruciform elevation, second and third 
ventral segments furnished with a tubercle near each lateral 
margin, the posterior tubercle \evy small ; tympanal coverings 
very much shorter and narrower than the tympanal orifices ; 
opercula short, oblique, not passing the base of abdomen : rostrum 
reaching the posterior coxje; wings with five a])ical areas. 

Length excl. tegm., c? $ ,13; exp. tegm. 33-34 millim. 

Hah. cS, Sikkim (CoJ. Bmyhain); $, Dehra Dun (X C. 
Chatterjee, Brit. Mus.). 

Allied to the Burmese si)ecies G. ymirf/inafa, Dist., and consti- 
tuting the first species described from Fndia proper. 



14 APPKNDIX. — CICAUID.F. 

Oeiuis KHIMBYA. (Vol. II T, p. 1:39.) 
3154. Khimbya immsi, Di^f. A. M. X. II. (8) ix, p. 042 (191-2). 

Body and leo-s ocliraceous ; two transverse black lines (not 
meeting inediall\') on anterior margin of front, two linear black 
transverse spots (sometimes indistinct) on each marginal area of 
vertex before eyes, the interior margins of which are also black ; 
mesonotnm witii four ill-defined obconical spots and four minute 
black spots on its anterior margin : abdominal segments above 
with transverse darker suffusions ; bases of metasternum and first 
abdominal segment beneath black ; tegmina and wings hyaline, 
the venation, costal membrane and extreme base of tegmina, and 
upper iimer margin of abdominal area to wings, ochraeeons ; 
head considerably shorter than space between eyes ; pronotum 
witli the lateral margins sinuate, obtusely and subangularly pro- 
minent before middle ; tympana imperfectly covered, the flaps 
shorter and narrower than tympanal cavities ; rostrum almost 
reaching the posterior cox?e ; opereula in male inwardly oblicpiely 
divergent, extending to about the apes of third abdominal seg- 
ment, their apices somewhat liroadly rounded. 

Length excl. tegm., d, 23-27: exp. tegm. 67-74 millim. 

Bab. Assam ; Goalpara (Brit. 3Ihs.). 

This species, whicli was sent to me by Dr. A. D. Imms, Forest 
Zoologist to the (lovernment of India, can be separated from the 
other Indian species of the genus as yet described by the broader 
apices of the opereula and the non-infuscate transverse veins to 
tegmina. 

Genus aUINTILIA. (Vol. Ill, p. 169.) 
315-5. duintilia pomponia, Disf. A. M. X. II. (8) ix, p. C4G (1912). 

2 ■ Head black, anterior margin of front with some obscure 
vellow spots, oi-elli testaceous ; ])ronotuni brownish ocliraceous, 
somewhat thickly pilose, with a bro:ul centr.d black fascia widened 
anteriorly and posteriorly and enclosing a central longitudinal 
ochr:;ceous line, obscure black oblique fascia? on each lateral area, 
and the posterior margin also more or less suffused with black ; 
mesonotnm black, with two obconical spots margined with ochra- 
ceous and with more or less well-defined ochraceous suttusious ; 
abdomen above black, pilose, the posterior margins of the seg- 
ments faintly narrowly paler ; body beneath black, strongly 
palely pilose, disk of abdomen ochraceous, with central black 
spots ; legs black or piceous ; coxae, trochanters, bases of femora 
and basal amuilations on intermediate and posterior tibiae, ochra- 
ceous ; face and rostrum black, the lateral areas of the first 
strongly palely pilose, basal annulatiou on the latter ochraceous ; 
tegmina and wings hyaline, narrowly ochraceous at base ; tegmina 
with the costal membrane and basal cell ochraceous, apical vein 



QUIXTILTA. — Til.TAUUANA. 



15 



to 'rudiiil area, apical vein to lower ulnar area, basal vein to 
second apical area, and a spot near middle of lower vein to third 
ulnar ai'ea inl'uscate ; wings with the bases oF the apical areas 
(excluding sixth), a large spot near inner apex of abdominal 
area, and two n)ore obscure basal spots, black or fuscous; head 
(including eves) narrower than base of mesonotum; posterior 
angles of pronotum broadly ampliate ; mesonotnni (including 
cruciform elevation) about as long as head and pronotum together; 
abdomen robust, longer than space between apex of bead and 




Fio-. 



■ Quint Hill pomj:onia. 



base of cruciform elevation ; tegniina about three times as long- 
as broad. 

Length excl. tegm., $ , 19 ; exp. tegm. 49 millim. 

Hah. JN^orth India ; near Dehra Dun [Brit. Mus-.). 

Allied to Q. subviita. Walk. (vol. iii, ]). 1(19) but a larger 
species ; tegmina and wings with considerably less fuscous mnrk- 
ings, the two u]iper ulnnr tegrainal areas longer, the second not 
only longer but much more attenuated anteriorly, basal cell dis- 
tinctly broader, lateral margins of pronotum more angulate 
anteriorly : abdomen longer than in coi-res[iondii!g sex of 
Q. siihvitta. 

Genus BIJAUKANA. 

Bijamaiia, Di-^f. .1. M. S. JL (S) ix, p. (548 (IQliM. 

Type, B. ti/pica, Dist. 

DiftrihuHon. British India. 

Allied to T((i pint/It, D'lst., a genus found in China and South 
Africa, but the tegmina with only seven apical areas, the first and 
seventh areas about equal in length ; front very much shorter 
than vertex, which is distinctly longitudinally sulcata at base; 
])roiu)tum a little longer than head, the lateral margins oblique, 
slightly sinuate, the posterior angles moderately, subangularly 
ampliaiie; abdomen longer than space between apex of head and 
base of cruciform elevation : tympanum entirely exposed; 0])ercu'a 
in male about reaching base of abdomen, not meeting internally, 
apical margins obliquely rounded; rostrum reaehing the inter- 
mediate coxa;. 



16 



Al'PKN'DIX. — CICAUID.E. 



3156. Bijaurana typica, Dlst. A. M. N. H. (8) ix, p. 648 (lOli^). 

Body and legs dull ocliraeeous ; (x-elli red; eyes piceous ; 
inesonotmn with more or less distinct indications oF four ob- 
conical darker spots; tegmina and wings hyaline, the former 
with the venation ocliraceous, the costal margin narrowly black, 
tbe latter with tlie veins ocliraceous, the upper half of the 




Fig. ('). — Bijanraiia li/piea. 

abdominal area and the outer margin of same palely infuscate,. 
oi)aque ; head (including eyes) a little narrower than base of 
mesonotuin ; rostrum piceous, reaching the intermediate coxj© ; 
face somewhat com|)ressed, longer than broad, with a distinct tine 
central sulcus, the transverse striations somewhat obscure. 

L-i'ngth excl. tegm. 12| ; exp. te^^m. 29 millim. 

Hah. Nepal; Bijaura (Iml. t|- Brit. Muss.). 

3157. Bijaurana sita, Dist. A. 31. N. H. (8) ix, \^. 649 (1912). 

c? . Head almost totally black, ocelli red ; pronotum dull 
ochraceous with some piceous suffusions ; mesonotum ochraceous, 
with four large black obconical spots, the two central spots 
shortest ; abdomen above ochraceous, a central fascia and mar- 
ginal segmental spots pitchy brown ; body beneath and legs 
ochraceous, space between face and eyes, rostrum, and a central 
basal spot on abdomen piceous ; tegmina and wings hyaline, both 
marked as in the preceding species {B. iypica) ; pronotum 
centrally distinctly and somewhat broadly longitudinally sulcate, 
by which character — apart from coloration — it principall}- ditt'ers 
from B. tyinca. 

Length excl. tegm., (5" , 12 ; exp. tegm. 20 millim. 

Hid). India ; United Provinces {Brit. Mas.). 

A female specimen from Nepal, belonging to the Indian 
Museum, may prove to be the other sex of this species. 



Genus MELAMPSALTA. (Vol. Ill, p. 171.) 

3 1 58. Melampsalta zeiiobia, Dist. A.M.y.lI. (8) ix, p. 649 (1912). 

Body above black, shortly greyishly pilose; lateral margins of 
vertex, margins and a central f:iseia to pronotum, margins and 



FULGOKID.E. 



17 



a large discul anteriorly triaiigulaUMl .spot on niesonotmu, criici- 
forni elevation, tympana, and posterior segmental margins, 
testaceous red ; body beneath and legs reddish testaceous ; face 
(excluding margins), cheeks, bases oi: tibias, tarsi (more or less), 
and a central spot at base oE abdomen, black ; opercula oehraceous, 
greyishly pilose ; rostrum not extending beyond the intermediate 
coxae ; tegmina and wings hyaline, the venatiou reddish or 




Fig. 7. — Mclampbalta zciwhia. 

fuscous ; wings with the margins of the abdominal area more 
or less fuscous. 

Length excl. tegni. 15-15^ ; exp. tegm. 36 millim. 

Hah. Xepal ; Gowchar, Thankote, Nagorkote {Ind. & Brit. 
Muss.). 

Allied to J/, literata, Dist. (vol. iii, p. 173), but differing in 
the narrower and more elongate face, different coloration and 
markings, &c. 



Family FULGORIDtE. (Vol. HI, p. 175.) 

In tin's large family a considerable number of additions require 
to be made, and even then our knowledge must be still considered 
as fragmentary, so far at least as ihe smaller species are concerned. 
Probably the subfamily Fulgorinie is best known. 



Subfamily FULGORIN.E. (Vol. III. p. 178.) 

Genus PYROPS. (A'ol. Ill, p. 179.) 

3159. Pyrops distant!, Schmidt, Zool Anz. xxxviii, p. 1G3 (1911).. 

Head, thorax, sternum, and legs pale brownish oehraceous ;. 
about basal half of cephalic process, and pro- and mesonota, 
somewhat thickly and prominently spotted with black, anterior 
half of cephalic process very sparingly and laterally black-spotted; 
abdomen above black, Avith trans\erse oehraceous segmental 
margins : abdomen beneath pale brownish oehraceous ; tegmina 
sordidly greyishj the venation more or less oehraceous, closely 

VOL. Yl. C 



18 



APPENDIX. rULGOKID.'E. 



dotted with small black spots, a few of which are margined with 
greyish ; wings lacteous, the venation pale brownish ochraceous ; 
cephalic process a little longer than abdomen, robust, its apex 
moderately, obliquely widened and spatulate, the margins promi- 
nently carinately recurved, the whole length of the pi'ocess is 
tricarinate, on the apical half tlie carinie are somewhat close 



xA, -", ^.«5«| 




Fig. S.—P//rops (li»t(niii. 

together and the outer carina? sinuate, on the posterior half the 
carinations are wider apart and straighter. 

Length excl. tegm. 42 ; head 21 ; exp. tegm. 65 millim. 

Hah. Burma; Karen-ni (Z'k/). 

Dr. Gestro has kindly erabled me to figure the male type of 
this species, which is contained in the Genoa Museum. 

Genus FULGORA. (Vol. Ill, p. 182.) 

FULGOEA. CAXDELARIA. (VoL III, p. 183.) 

Pyrops candelaria, Kersh. Zool. Jcthrb. Si/st. xxix, pp. lOo-liU, 
Taf. 8, 9, 10 (1910). 

Under the generic name of Pi/i'ojts, Kershaw has published a 
" Memoir on the Anatomy and I^ife History of Ftihjom 
candelavia .'^ 



3160. Fulgora peguensis, Schmidt, Zool Anz. xxxviii, p. 161 (1911). 

Head (including cephalic process) hocli above and on lateral 
areas black, extreme apex and basal lateral areas ochraceous, 
beneath dark brownish ochraceous, posterior lateral areas of face 
and the whole of the clypeus ochraceous; pronotum above ochra- 
ceous, two broad central longitudinal fascia?, an oblique fascia on 
each lateral area, and a lateral marginal line behind eyes, black ; 
me^onotum ochraceous. six small spots on anterior margin, two 
central longitudina fnsoise, an oblique spot near each lateral 



FULGOKA. — SAITA. 19 

margin, eacli followed by a smaller rounded spot, blaf^k ; abdomen 
above ochraceous, with a basal black transverse fascia ; body 
beneath and legs ochraceous ; rostrum (excluding base), inner 
spots on pro- and mesonota, til)ia3 and tarsi, and transverse abdo- 
minal segmental fasciae, black ; tegmina black, the whole of the 
venation, and a series of small spots with paler margins, ochra- 
ceous ; wings ochraceous, with the apical area and posterior 
margin — somewhat broadly — black ; cephalic process considerably 
recurved upwards, its apical area distinctly compressed, behind 
which there are two prominent, longitudinal discal carinations, 





Fig. 9. — Fuk/i/ra pegnensis. 

between which on basal half is a straight, central carination ; on 
lateral margins, a little in front of eyes, there is a short but distinct 
spine ; proiiotum centrally cai'inate ; mesonotum tricarinate. 

Length ceph. process, angle from apex to eyes, 10 ; eyes to 
apex abdom,, 19 ; exp, tegm. 58 millim. 

Hah. Burma ; Palon, Pegu {Fea). 

I am indebted to Dr. Gestro for affording me an opportunit}' to 
figure the typical female specimen of this species contained in the 
Genoa Museum. 

* Pdlgora maculata. (Vol. Ill, p. 189.) 

Bugnion (J. Psychol. 13, pp. 326-354 (1908)) has described the 
" systeme nerveux et organes sensoriels " of this species. I have 
not been able to consult this publication, but take mv citation 
from Dr. D. Sharp (Zoolog. Pecord, 1908, p. 402). 

Saiya iNsuLARis. (Vol. Ill, p. 196.) 

Mr. E. E. Green has sent me a female specimen of this species 
in which the wings (excluding the apical area and posterior 
margin) are sanguineous and not ochraceous as in the type. It 
is not altogether unusual to find this change of coloration in the 
Pulgorime, and 1 have recently (' Insecta Transvaaliensia,' p. 186) 

c2 



20 APPENDIX. — FULGORIDyE. 

recorded it as found in the Soutli African Fulgorid, Mantosyna 
luemorrhoidalis, OH v. 

Tlie dimensions of this 2 specimen are : — Length cepb. process, 
angle from apex to eyes, 13; eyes to apex abdom. 13; exp. tegm. 
44 milhm. 

I have also received from Mr. Green a very small 6 specimen 
of this species wliich is typical in coloration, of which the 
dimensions are : — Length cepb. process, angle from apex to- 
eyes, 11 ; eyes to apex abdom. 9; exp. tegm. 30 millim. 

Both the above specimens were taken at Kaudy. 

Saiva cardinalis. (A^ol. Ill, p. 195.) 

Fulgora cardinalis, ScJwiidi, Stett. ent. Zeit. Ixvi, p. 356 (190-5). 

By a strange coincidence Herr Schmidt has not only redescribed 
Butler's species, but has cbosen the same specific name. 

Genus HOMALOCEPHALA. (Vol. Ill, p. 199.) 

HOMALOCEPIIALA FESTIVA. (Vol. Ill, p. 199, fig. 86.) 

Add : Hah. Ceylon {Green). 

Genus KALIDASA. (Vol. Ill, p. 212.) 

Kalidasa lanata, I))H. (Cicada) ///. Ex. Ent. \\, Index, t. xxxvii,. 
%. 3 (1773). 

Kalidasa albiflos, Walk. (Vol. Ill, p. 214.) 

Since recording this species nnder Walker's name, I have 
discovered that it was previously described by Drury. 



Subfamily EURYBRACHYDIN.E. (Vol. Ill, p. .219.) 

Genus EURYBRACHYS. (Vol. Ill, p. 220.) 

3161. Eurybrachys mysorensis, Bkt. A. M. N. H. (8) xiii, p. 4i0 
(1914). 

Head, pronotum, and mesonotutn shining olivaceous green ; 
eyes ochraceous ; abdomen above sanguineous, with transverse 
black segmental margins, apically tliickly furnished witb waxy- 
white efflorescence ; face dark olivaceous green, transversely paler 
olivaceous green before clypeus, wbich is blackish ; sternum and 
abdomen sanguineous, the latter with ti-ansverse black segmental 
fasciae ; legs black ; tegmina with about basal three-fourths 
olivaceously virescent, crossed by two paler transverse fasciae, 
apical fourth dull greyish green ; wings with basal two-thirds 



EURYBRACKVS. 21 

sanguineous, apical third greyish wliite ; head (including basal 
area oi: face), pronotuni, and mesonotum finely obscurely wrinkled, 
and with faint minute dark speckling; rostrum mutilated in type; 
posterior tibia? with five spines. 

Length excl. tegm, 9 ; exp. tegm. 21 millim. 

Hdh. Mysore ; Bababudin Hills {Buinhri gge- Fletcher , Brit. 
3Ius.); Kodaikanal(7'. V. Campbell). 

3162. Eurybrachys fletcheri, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) xiii, p. 410 
(1914). 

Head, pronotum, and mesonotum more or less bright olivaceous 
green; abdomen above purplish red, apically thickly furnished 
with waxy-white efflorescence ; face emerald-green ; clypeus 
fuscous brown ; body beneath and legs purplish red, intermediate 
and posterior tibia3 blackish ; tegmina virescent, more or less 




Fig. 10. — Euri/hrachys; fletcheri. 

obscurely spotted with greyish white, the basal area somewhat 
emerald-green, remaining area duller and paler, two trausverse 
black fascial e spots near base, not reaching claval area ; a trans- 
verse greyish white fascia near apex, preceded by a black spot on 
inner margin; wings greyish white, with two black apical spots ; 
head moderately concavely excavate between the eyes ; posterior 
tibiae with five spines. 

Length excl. tegm. 11 ; exp. tegm. 2-3 millim. 

Hah. Madras Pres. ; Shevaroy Hills, 4500 ft. {Bainhritjye- 
Fletcher, Brit. Jfus.). 

3163. Eurybrachys rubro-ornata, iJist. A. M. N. H. (8) xiii. p. 410 
(1914). 

Head, pronotum, and mesonotum ochraceous ; mesonotum 
obscurely spotted, its apex and exposed area of metanotum 
purplish red ; abdomen above bright ochraceous, the segmental 
margins spotted with greyish white ; face ochraceous : clypeus, 
sternvTm, and legs purplish red, intermediate and posterior tibiae 
black ; abdomen beneath bright ochraceous, with central trans- 
vex'se spots and the apex black ; tegmnia ochraceous, with a large 
central, basal, longitudinal, purplish-red spot, a subapical greyisii 



22 APPENDIX. — FULG0RID.5:. 

transverse fascia united with a brownish apical margin ; wings 
greyish white, with a proniiueut black spot on upper margin near 
apex ; vertex (including eyes) about as broad as pronotum ; face 
considerably broader than long, the lateral angles subacute ; 
posterior tibi« with five spines. 

Length excl. tegm. 11 ; exp. tegm. 25 millira. 

Hah. S. India; Tercaud(7\ V. Camphdl). 

EUKYBBACHYS TOMEKTOSA. (Vol. Ill, p. 222.) 

Mr. E. A. Butler has recently shown me a male specimen 
which he had received from Dr. T. V. Campbell, and which that 
excellent collector stated he had taken in cop. with a normal 
$ specimen (also forwarded) of this species. This S specimen 
differs in having the apical areas of the wings nearly wholly black 
with a central transverse white fascia. 

I take this male specimen to be a varietal form of this very 
variable species. 

Add: Hah. S.India; Chikkaballapui-a. 



Genus MESSENA. (Vol. Ill, p. 22(J.) 
Messexa radiata. (Vol. Ill, p. 228.) 

Var. Tegmina witli the purplish basal coloration not extending 
much above the claval area; wings with the two upper subapical 
marginal spots fused and larger in size. 

Add : Hah. S. India ; Merkara, Coorg, 4500 ft. 

3164. Messena albifasciata, Dist. A. M. A. H. (8) xiii. p. 411 
(1914). 

Head, pronotum, and mesonotum testaceous, with irregular 
darker markings ; face and clypeus as above, but paler and more 

Fig. \1.— 2Irssc)ia alhifasciafa. 

brightly marked ; abdomen sanguineous ; sternum and legs ochra- 
ceoiis, with black markings, tibiae darker and more or less black ; 
tegmina with about basal two-thirds (not reaching costal margin 




MESSKXA.— TIIESSITUS. 



23 



and narrowed outwardly) testaceous, irregularly marked aud 
spotted with black, the claval area dull ochraceous, spotted and 
marked with black, remaining area greyish white with the vena- 
tion ochraceous, a large subapical transverse ochraceous spot with 
black markings, preceded by two similar spots, but smaller in size, 
and a submarginal series of small black spots ; wings pale fuli- 
ginous, the apical area black crossed by an oblique white fascia, 
the apical margin also white ; posterior tibia? with .six spines. 

Length excl. tegm. 9 ; exp. tegm. 34 millini. 

Hah. NJilgiri Hills ; Hillgrove, 4000 ft. {Brit. Mus.). 

Allied to M. sinuata, Atkins. The specimen was received from 
Mr. T. Bainbrigge-Fletcher. 



Genus THESSITUS. (Vol. Ill, p. 230.) 

3165. Thessitus feae, Schmidt, Zool. Anz. xxxviii, p. 105 (1911). 

Body and legs ochraceous ; the latter more or less virescent, 
tarsi f usoous-brown ; tegmina opaque, shining, greyish-white, the 
venation ochraceous, a large basal ochraceous patch occupying 
the central area from base to a little beyond middle, paler ochra- 
ceous both above and beneath, aud with very irregularly shaped 
black spots, above the middle of this ochraceous area, but not 
reaching costal margin, a large oblique sanguineous spot ; wings- 





cretaceous-white, apical area with a cluster of pale spots, of which 
the inner three are larger aud the outer series (of about five) 
smaller. Wings considerably broader than the tegmina, the latter 
profoundly sinuate on costal margin near apex, the apical margins 
oblique ; face with the lateral margins broadly concavely sinuate 
and submarginally ridged ; vertex of head not quite twice as broad 
as long ; posterior tibia? with six spines. 

Length excl. tegu). 16; exp. tegm. 56 millim. 

Hah. Burma; Karen-ni (^\'rt — Genoa Mus.). 

The type by the kindly aid of Dr. Gestro is here figured. 



24 APPEXBix. — fulgouiu.t;. 

Subfamily DICTYOPHARIN_^. (Vol. II f, p. 23G.) 

Oenus DICHOPTERA. (Vol. Ill, p. 237.) 

DiCHOPTERA STRifaviTTA to replace T). nahUa. (Vol. Ill, 
p. 239.) 

Dichoptera sliia-ivitta. Walk. Lis. Saimd.. Horn. p. 36 (1858) ; IHst. 
A. M. N. li. (7) xviii, p. 349 (1906). 

As previously stated {supra)., 1 have beeix enabled to examine 
the unique type of W'alker's species from the Saunders Collection 
and find it to be only a faded example of m_y J), nnbda. Walker's 
name must tberefore take precedence. 

Add : Hah. Borneo, Java. 

Genus DICTYOPHARA. (Vol. Ill, p. 241.) 

3160. Dictyophara dixoni, DUt. A. M. K. H. (7) xviii, p. 351 
(IStlHi); Mc/ich. Ahhand. k.-k. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wieii, vii, 1, 
p. 127 (1912). 

Body and legs virescent or ochraceous ; tegmina and wings pale 
hyaline, the venation very pale ochraceous ; head curved upwardly, 
narrowing to apex, in front of eyes about as long as mesonotum, 
above with the lateral margins strongly ridged, and with a very 
short central ridge near middle ; face tricarinate, the lateral 
carinations moderately converging before clypeus, which is 
strongly centrally carinnte, and obliquely striate on each lateral 
area ; pi'onotum centi'ally carinate ; mesonotum tricarinate, the 
lateral carinations almost straight, not convexly converging 
anteriorly ; posterior tibise with hve spines, their apices black, 
first spine near extreme base ; rostrum considerably passing 
posterior coxae ; femora and tibise strongly sulcate longitudinally. 

Length excl. tegm. 11 ; exp. tegm. 20 milliin. 

Hab. Bombav (li. M. Dixon):, Lucknow {Bruneiti) ; Calcutta 
(Ind. Mks.). 

3167. Dictyophara cummingi, Disf. A. M. N. H. (7) xviii, p. 351 
(1906); Melich. Abhaiid. h.-h. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wieii, vii, 1, 
p. 125 (1912). 

Body and legs virescent or ochraceous ; eyes black; tegmina 
and wings hyaline, with the venation very pale ochraceous ; head 
prolonged, robust, porrect, slightly ascending at tip, strongly 
excavate above, the ridges very pronounced, its length from 
in front of eyes about equal to that of pronotum and mesonotum 
together ; face tricarinate, the lateral carinations converging 
anteriorly and not extending posteriorly beyond the eyes ; clypeus 
centrally carinate; pronotum tricarinate, the lateral carinations 



DIOTTOPnAIlA. — DORTPIIORIXA. 25 

obscure, oblique aud tuberculous; mesonotuni tricarinate ; pos- 
terioi* tibisB with four spines, one at base and apex, the other two 
■central ; tegmina a little more opaque tlian wings, the stigma 
concolorous, 

Length excl. tegm. 9| ; exp. tegm. 20 millim. 

Hab. Karachi (C^immiiu/) ; Calcutta (fide Melichnr). — Japan 
(fide Melichar). 

3108. Dictyophara coimbatorensis, Dist. A. M. N. II. (8) xiii, 
p. 411 (1!»]4). 

Body and legs virescent; in one specimen the liead is wliolly 
ochraeeous, in another the apex only is of that colour ; tegmina 
and wings hyahne, the first without any macular markings ; 
head about as long as pro- and inesonota together, slightly 
narrowed and upturned at apex, the lateral margins strongly 
ridged ; face tricarinate, the lateral carinations converging ante- 
riorly and not extending posteriorly beyond the eyes ; clypeus 
•centrally carinate ; pronotuui and mesonotum tricarinate, posterior 
tibiiB with four spines. 

Length excl. tegm. 7-9; exp. tegm. 16-19 millim. 

Hah. South India; Coimhatove (Bainhrigge-FIetcher, Brit. Mus.). 

Closely allied to D. cummiaiji, Dist., but with the lateral 
.protiotal carinations less oblique, the face more apically narrowed, 
■different colour, etc. 

Dictyophara pallida. (Vol. Ill, p. 243.) 

The late Mr. Kirkaldy (Ann. Soc. Eut. Belg. 1907, p. 123), 
writing on this well-known enemy to the sugar-cane, stated that 
the species thus enuu)erated by me as D. paUida, Don., was really 
Pi/riUa aben-aiis, Kirby. This criticism is quite mistaken and 
Avithout foundation, as 1 have siiown (Ann. Soc. Ent, Belg. 1907, 
p. 220) at a length which need not be repeated here. Melichar 
■(iVIon. Dictyophoriden, 1912, p. 124) supports my nomenclature 
and includes D. striata, Osh. (Faun. Hem. Turkest. i, 1879, p. 129), 
which increases the distribution of the species. 

Add: Nab. Armenia, Turkestan. China; Sze-chuen. 

I have seen a varietal form taken by Mr. Campbell at Chikka- 
ballapura, S. India, in which the abdomen has a distinct black 
lonsiitiidinal fascia above. 



Genus DORYPHORINA. 

Dorvphorina, Mclich. Abhand. k.-k. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien, vii, 1, 
p.' 99 (191:2). 

Type, D. stdli, Melich. 

Distribution. Burma, Malay Peninsula, Sumatra. 
" Resembling the genus Lappida. The long cylindrical cephalic 
process is sharp-edged, the surface hollowed, the upper side not 



26 APPKNDIX. rULGOEID.i:. 

cariiiate ; the npex is very sliglitly dilated and iiidistiuctly 
cariiiate ; face long, parallel-sided, not dilated before the clypeus, 
with three carinations ; clypeus carinate in the middle ; antennae 
short; pronotum narrow, truncaled in front, behind obtusely 
emarginate, the sides straight, the upper surface with three 
carinae, two lateral carinas beliind the eyes and a tliird on the 
lateral lobe; scuteHum with three parallel carinas; the side 
pieces of the prosternum are also provided with a carination. 
Tegmina hyaline, dilated behind, stigma triangular, five cells, 
with many cross-veins in the apical part; posterior tibiae with 
live or six spines." {Melichar.) 

o 
3169. Doryphorina stall, Melich. Ahhand k.-k. Zool-Bot. Ges. 
Wien, vii, 1, p. 99 (1912). 

"Body yellowish or reddish-brown, with all the carinations 
emerald-green; the face pale red, the lateral carinations before 
the clypeus abbreviated ; tegmina hyaline, stigma brown, becoming 
fasciate iiiternallv, the cross-veins outlined with brown ; femora 
and tibiae longitudinally striped with black." (Melichar.) 

Length, c? and $ , 18 ; transverse exp. 2:^; head with process 
5-6 millim. 

Bab. Burma. — Perak ; Sumatra. 

I have not seen this species. 



Genus PUTALA. (A'ol. Ill, p. iMO.) 

PUTALA MACULATA, Dist. (Vol. Ill, p. 247.) 

Putala sima, L'en/r. Wien. ent. Zeit. x.xvi, p. 290 (1907). 
Miasma? &\ma, Melich. Abhand. k.-k. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien, vii, 1^ 
p. 40 (1912). 

Add : Hub. Bombay. 

Bergroth founded his species on nothing more than a distorted 
spirit specimen. I have seen his type. 

3170. Putala brachycephala, Bist. A. M. N. H. (7) xviii, p. 054 
(190G). 

Head, thorax, body beneath, and legs brownish ochraceous ; 
carinations to pro- and mesonota much paler in hue; abdomen 
above piceous, with ochraceous macular markings ; apex of 
clypeus, linear markings on femora, apices of tibiae and tarsi, and 
apex of rostrum fuscous ; tegmina and wings hyaline, the venation 
fuscous ; tegmina with the stigma and a central longitudinal 
apical patch fuscous ; head short, only about as long in front 
of eyes as between them ; face narrowed at base, widened 
towards clypeus, tricarinate ; clypeus centrally carinate and on 



PUTALA. — A \VA R A M A UA. 



27 



each lateral area obliquely striate ; posterior tibiio with live 
spines ; mesonotiim tricarinate. 

Length excl. tegm. T-Tj ; exp. tegiu. 19|-20 milliiu. 




Fig. 13. — Putala hrachi/cephala. 

Hah. South India ; Coimbatore {Bainhriyge-FIeichev), Bombay 
{Dixon). Singapore {Ridley). 

Genus AWARAMADA. 
Arawamada, I)ist. A. M. N. H. (8) xiii. p. 412 (1914J. 

Type, A. fryeri., Dist. 

Distribution. At present only known from Ceylon. 

Head elongate and strongly porrect, above a little convexly 
raised and with a strong central longitudinal carina, lateral 
margins also carinate, apex truncate, beneath with a small sub- 
apical tubercle, the face with a slight lateral concave sinuation, 
angularly ampliated behind eyes, two longitudinal central cari- 
nations which are united anteriorly and posteriorly, clypeus 
robustly carinate centrally ; rostrum passing the posterior coxae ; 
pronotum a little shorter than mesouotuin,, the disk straightly 
tricarinate, strongly deflected on each lateral area, lateral basal 
margins oblique; mesonotum tricarinate, the base angulately pro- 
duced in the centre ; abdomen shorter than head, pronotum, and 
mesonotum together, centrally longitudinally ridged; anterior 
femora unarmed, posterior tibiae with three strong spines ; 
tegmina nearly four times as long as broad, apical area with 
three transverse series of longitudinal cells, clavus without a 
transverse vein ; wings about three-fourths the length of tegmina, 
with a series of apical and two prominent auteapical cells. 



3171. Awaramada fryeri, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) xiii, p. 413 (1914). 

Body and legs fuscous brown, head beneath, sternum, and legs 
a little paler ; tegmina slightly infuscate, the venation fuscous 



28 



APPENDIX. VULGORIDjE. 



bro\A n, the stigma aud an apical elongate spot fuscous brown ; 
wings paler than tegmina, the venation and an apical spot 
fuscous broun ; pronotum with some darker punctate spots, 
posterior angle of mesonotiim dull ochraceous ; abdomen aljove 




Fig. 14. — AivaraynadaJ'ri/eri. 

mottled with ochraceous ; lateral areas of face finely spotted 
with brown : clypeus with the central carination and the lateral 
margins pale ochraceous ; structural characters as in geueric 
diagnosis. 

Length excl. tegm. 12^-1 3| ; exp. tegm. 28-30 millim. 

Hah. Ceylon ; Kandy V- C*. F. Fn/er, Brit. Mus.). 



Genus MIASA. (Vol. Ill, p. 247.) 

MlASA SMARAGDILINEA. (Yol. Ill, p. 248.) 

Miasa nibrovittata, Schmidt, Stett. cut. Zeit. 1906, i^. 284 ; Melich. 
Abhand. k.-Jc. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien, vii, 1, p. 39, Taf. 11 
tig. 3 (1912). 

This species has been named ruhrovittata and described as new 
by Schmidt, who states that it differs from the description given 
by AValker of his species. Walker's type from Malacca is iu the 
British Museum, as is also a series of other specimens from 
tlie Malaj^ States, and these agree entirely and explicitly with 
the specimens from Tenasserim, one of which I figured and 
described as above. As Schmidt gives his habitats as Sumatra 
and Java, he has probably confused the species altogether ; and 
this suggestion seems more than borne out by the figure given by 
Melichar of his species. 



Genus ORTHOPAGUS to replace Udugama. (Yol. Ill, p. 240.) 

Anagnia, Stal, Stett. ent. Zeit. xxii, p. 149 (1861), nom. prfeocc. 
Orthopagus, Uhler, Proc. U.S. Mns. xix, p. 278 (1896) ; Melich. 
Abhand. h.-h. Zool.-Bot. Ges. IVieu, vii, 1, p. 57 (1912). 



CENTROMEKIA. — OLIAEUS. 29 

Udugaina, Melich. Hoin. Faun. Ceylon, p. 27 (1903). 
Kcareol, Kirk, Entomolo(/>st, 1904, p. 279. 

Stal's name being preoccupied, 1 substituted Melichar's 
Udugama for it. Since then Melichar has satisfied himself that 
Uhler's Orthopcifjus has i)riority. The type must now stand 
as 0. lanuUfer, Uhler, from Japan, and Udugama sj^Undens 
(vol. iii, p. 249) must be known as Orthopagus sjdendens. 

Genus CENTROMERIA. (Vol. Til, p. 2.10.) 

CeNTEOMEIIIA VIKIDISTIUMA. (Vol. Ill, p. 251.) 

Udugama Hetcheri, Kirk. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. 1908, p. 14. 
Orthopagus tietcheri, McHch. Ahhand. k.-k. Zool.-But. Ges. Wien, 
vii, 1, p. -59 (1912). 



Subfamily CIXIINyE. (Vol. Ill, p. .255.) 
Genus OLIARUS. (Vol. Ill, p. 256.) 

3172. Oliarus indicus, Bisf. A. M. N. IL (8) viii, p. 735 (1911). 

Head black, the margins of the vertex ochraceoiis ; pronotum 
and meson otum black, the margins of the first and tlie central 
carinations and lateral margins of the latter ochraceoiis ; abdomen 
above black, the segmental margins more or less ochraceous ; face 
black, its central carination and lateral margins ochraceous ; body 
beneath and legs ochraceous or brownish ochraceous ; tegmina 
creamy white, subhyaline, with bronzy-brown suffusions, these 
consist of a narrow basal fascia, a broader and more irregular 
fascia before middle, but neither reaching costal nor inner areas, 
and an oblique fascia extending from middle of apical margin, 
where it is broadest, and terminating a little beyond claval apex, 
the veins and stigma are also fuscous brown ; wings subhyaline, 
the veins fuscous brown ; vertex longer than broad, the lateral 
margins strongly elevated ; pronotal margins moderately promi- 
nent ; mesonotum with longitudinal ridges ; face obtusely angu- 
lated near middle. 

Length excl. tegm. 5 mm.; exp. tegm. 10 mm. 

Ilah. " India " {Brit. Mun.). 

Allied to 0. caudntus, Walk., but differing in the more angu- 
lated margins of the face, suffusions on teginina, different color- 
ation, &c. 

3173. Oliarus greeni, Bisf. A. M. N. 11. (8) viii, p. 735 (1911). 

Vertex, pronotum, and mesonotum black; margins of vertex 
and pronotum ochraceous, the longitudinal ridges on mesonotum 
concolorous or faintly testaceous ; abilomen above black, ochraceous 
at base; face and clypeus mostly black, their margins and central 



30 



APPENDIX. FCLGOllID^. 



ridge oeliraceous ; sternum aud legs more or less ocbraceous, the 
latter streaked with piceoiis ; abdomen beneath black, the base, 
segmental margins, and anal appendages ocbraceous ; tegminaand 
wings hyaline with black markings, of which there are three spots 
in transverse series about one-third from base, all the transverse 
veins beyond middle, the stigma, an apical spot beyond it, about 
five smaller subapical spots, and minute spots at the apices of the 
longitudinal veins to apical areas ; wings with the veins darker 
but unspotted ; vertex longer than broad, the margins strongly 
ridged; face longer than breadth before clypeus, gradually and 
somewiiat convexiy widened to base of clypeus, the margins and 
central ridge strongly developed; luesonotum with five longi- 
tudinal ridges ; tegmina about twice as long as broad. 

Length excl. tegm. 4-5, exp. tegm. 11-15 millim. 

Hah. Ceylon; Kandy, Eppaweia (G'reeH, Brit. Mas.). 

To be i)laced near 0. stigma, Motsch. 

3174. Oliarus annandalei, Dii^t. A. M. N. H. (8) viii, p. 736 (1911). 

Head ocbraceous, the vertex behind the marginal ridges black ; 
pronotum oclu'aceous, with a transverse piceous foveate line on 
each side ; mesonotum shining black, the longitudinal ridges con- 
colorous ; abdomen above black, the posterior segmental margins 
ocbraceous ; face black, the marginal and central ridges ochraceous ; 
sternum black; abdomen beneath and legs ocln'aceous, femora 




Fig. 15. — OliarKs aiiiiaiiiJalci. 

more or less streaked with piceous ; tegmina hyaline, a broad 
bronzy-brown fascia near base and a little more than apical third 
fuscous brown ; wings hvaline, the veins a little darker ; vertex 
longer than broad, the marginal ridges strongly developed ; pro- 
notum very short, especially at middle, marginal ridges strongly 
developed ; mesonotum with five discal longitudinal ridges ; 
posterior tibiae with a distinct submedial spine ; tegmina about 
three times as long as broad, the stigma elongately triangular, 
ochraceous, its inner margin black. 

Length excl. tegm. 4,4, exp. tegm. 12 millim. 

Uuh. Lower Bengal ; Port Canning {Aunandale, Ind. Mus.). 



oLiAnus. 31 

.3175. Oliarus hodgarti, Dlst. A. M. N. H. (8) viii, p. 736 (1911). 

Allied to tlie preceding species, 0. annandalel, but with tlie 
vertex shorter and broader; tegiiiina shorter and coniparativelj' 
broader, less than three times as long as broad and without a 
broad basal bronzy fascia ; face a little narrower and the lateral 
marffins less convexlv rounded. 




l-'ig. 16. — Oliarui^ Jiodr/arti. 

Length excl. tegm. 4; exp. tegm. Og-lO niillim. 

Hah. Bengal ; Goalbathan {R. Hodrjart). Bandel, Hooghlr 
District (C. Paiva). Chapra (Macl-eazie, Brit. Mks.). Sara (xhat, 
River (langes (J. T. Jenl-ins). Kurseong, Sikkiin. 

In some specimens the fuscous apical area to the tegmina is 
almost obliterated, but the veins there are then distinctly 
infuscated. 

3176. Oliarus simlae, Bist. A. M. X. 11. (8) viii, p. 737 (1911). 

Body above black, margins of vertex and pronotum, lateral 
margins and central-longitudinal ridges on mesouotum, and 
posterior segmental margins of abdomen ochraceous ; face black, 
about posterior half, the lateral margins, and the central carinatiou 




Fifif. 17. — Olid-r/is :nml(e. 



ocliraoeous ; body beneath and legs black or piceous ; rostrum 
(excluding apex), base of abdomen, jjosterior segujental margins, 
libis, larsi, and apices of feuiora more or less ochraceous ; tegmina 
and wings hyaline, the former with more than half of the venation 



32 



APPENDIX. — rULGOEID,5i;. 



dull ocliraceous, somewhat thickly covered with longly setosfr 
granules, veins of the apical area mostly black, stigma elongate, 
bla^-k ; vertex elongate, distinctly longer than broad, its lateral 
maro-ins strongly elevated ; niesonotuni with tive central ridges ; 
face nearly twice as long as broad, the central and lateral ridges 
acute ; tegmina about three times as loug as broad. 

Length excl. tegm. 5| ; exp. tegm. 14 millim. 

Hah. Simla {Brit. Mus.). 

Allied to 0. caudatus, Walk., but dift'ering principally by the 
narrower and longer face and vertex. 

3177. Oliarus kurseongensis, Dist. ^i.tl/. N. H. (S) viii, p. 737 (1911). 

Closely allied in general appearance to the preceding species, 
0. simlce, but differing in the broader vertex (in that respect move 
like 0. caudatus, "Walk.), the narrower and black face, the central 
rido"e and lateral margins of which are alone testaceous, and in 
the two discal transverse veins of the tegmina situate almost in a 
line with the commencement of the stigma, being both almost 
perpendicular and in a line with one another, not angulated as in 
0. simlce, and more especially by a perfectly straigtit and con- 
tinuous transverse vein on the disk of the apical area a little before 
the bases of the apical cells. 

Length excl. tegm. 4; exp. tegm. 12-1 2| millim. 

Bab. E. Himalayas; Kurseong {Ind. Mus.). 

3178. Oliarus nuwarae, I)ist. A.M.N.H. (S) viii, p. 737 (1911). 

Keseiubling the two previous species, 0. simhe and 0. hurseon- 
(jensis, in general appearance, but diifering in the following 




Fig. IS. — 1. Oliarus nuwara. 

2. Oliarus siinlce. 

3. Oliarus l-urseoii</ensis. 



.structural character.^ : — Vertex longer than broad, thus resembling 
0. sinda; ; face (excluding central and lateral marginal ridges)^ 



MNEMOSYNE. 33 

wholly black, thus resembling 0. kiu-seongensis : the most salient 
Uifferences in the three species are found in the venation of the 
teginiiia ; in 0. luiwara' there are three discal transverse veins a 
little beyond middle; in 0. simlce two, the lowermost faint; in 
0. kwseoiigcnsis there are two, and in addition a perfectl}' straight 
and continuous transverse vein on the disk of the apical area. 

Length exel. tegiii, 4; exp. tegm. 12 millim. 

Hah. Ceylon; Xuwara Eliya, Peradeniya {Green, Brit. Mus.). 

3179. Oliarus binghami, Disf. A. M. N. H. (8) viii, p. 738 (1911). 

Body above castaneous ; margins of vertex and pronotum, 
posterior nuirgnis of mesonotum, and posterior abdominal seg- 
mental margins oehraceous ; head beneath (including face), 
sternum, and legs pale castaneous or brownish ochraceous ; 
abdomen beneath of the colour and markings of the upper surface ; 
tegmina greyish white, subopaque, the venation brownish, and 
\\'ith the following fus(;ous-brown markings — three narrow spots 
in costal membrane, three somewhat long curved linear spots 
beneath costal membrane and a little beyond base, and some 
larger maculate markings on apical area, consisting of a spot at 
end of stigma, a transverse fascia before apex, apical margin and 
a large internal fasciate spot beneath stigma, which is bifurcate 
towards inner margin and there encloses a pale spot ; wings very 
pale t'uliginous witii the veins darker ; vertex foveate, with a 
central carinatiun, the margins strongly ridged ; margins of 
pronotum strongly ridged ; mesonotum with live central cari- 
natious; face centrally and medially strongly ridged. 

Length excl. tegin. 6 ; exp. tegm. 18 niillim. 

Hah. Rangoon (C'oL Bitujliam^ Brit. JSlus.). 

Allied to 0. sti'jma, Motscb. 

Genus MNEMOSYNE. 

Mnemosyne, Stdl, Hem. Afr. iv, p. 150 (1866); id. Hem.Fabr.W, 
p. 91 (1869); Foiol. Biol. Coitr.-Amtr.^ lihynch.. Hem.-Hom. i, 
p. 102 (1904). 

Type, M. j-)lanicej)s, Fabr., a Neotropical species. 

Distrihiition. Neotropical and Oriental Kegions. 

Fowler, who worked from the JN'eotropical type of this genus, 
thus diagnoses it: — " Vertex very narrow; the three keels of the 
scutellum (^mesonotum) more or less obsolete, the side ones being 
sometimes very faint ; the frons (face) broad before the apex, and 
like the clypeus keeled in the middle and at the sides ; no frontal 
ocellus is present, but the round scar is sometimes very distinct ; 
teginiua more or less pellucid, the clavus with the posterior vein 
situated at some distance from the suture, and not continued to 
the apex, forming a fork with the transverse vein at about the 
middle, the radial vein of the corium foi'ked much before the 
interior ulnar vein; posterior tibiic bispinose." 

TOL. VI. D 



34 



APPENDIX. — rrLGORlD.i:. 



Stfil placed this genus in the DictyophariiuT. I consider, with 
Fowler, that it belongs to the Cixiina?, but nearer to OUams than 
placed by Fowler. OUarus punctij^ejinis, Dist. (vol. iii, p. 259) 
must also be placed in this genus. 

Mnemosyne punctipennis. 

Olianis punctipennis, Dist. vol. iii, p. 259, no. 1796. 

3180. Mnemosyne cingalensis, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) viii, p. 738 
(1911). 

Head, pronotuui, and mesonotuni pioeous, the carinate margins 
of vertex and the earinations to mesonotuni testaceous, the margins 
of pronotuin ochraceous ; abdomen above brownish ochraceous, 
the segmental margins paler ; body beneath pitchy brown, the 
legs brownish octa-aceous ; tegmiua millvy white, subopaque, and 
with fuscous-browu spots and markiugs, which consist principally 
of three double sets of small spots in costal membrane, the stigma, 
and a broad irregular longitudinal suffusion from base to apex, the 




Fig. 19. — Miieiaosyne cinyalen^is. 

venation also fuscous brown; wings very pale fuliginous, the 
veins darker; vertex longer than broad, the margins strongly 
carinate; margins to proiiotum carinate; mesouotum with live 
central longitudinal earinations ; face centrally and marginally 
strongly carinate, the central carination bifurcate at apex ; clypeus 
centrally and marginally carinate ; female with a long central 
abdominal apical appendage ; posterior tibiae with a distinct spine 
near middle. 

Length excl. tegm. 64 ; exp. tegm. 18 raillim. 

H(ib. Ceylon; Trincomalee {Green, Brit. Mvs.). 

Genus ADZAPALA. 

Adzapala, Did. A. M. N. H. (8) viii. p. 7:i9 (1911 ). 

Type, A. (jreeni, Dist. 
Distribution. Ceylon. 

Head moderately lai-ge and prominent ; eyes large, longer than 
broad ; vertex longer tlian broad, distinctly concave, the lateral 



ADZAPALA. 



35 



margins carinate ; face large, posteriorly about as broad as long, 
centrally longitudinally carinate, the carination anteriorly bi- 
furcate, the anterior margin about half the breadth of the 
posterior margin, a distinct transverse incision level with the 
posterior margins ot the eyes, before clypeus distinctly concave, 
an ocellus on each side near posterior margin ; clypeus large and 
broad, almost as long as face, centrally carinate ; pronotum very 
short, strongly straightly angulate ; mesonotum large, con- 
siderably longer than liead and pronotum together, with five 
central carinations : abdomen broad and robust ; posterior tibiae 
strongly spined near middle ; tegmina more than twice as long 
as broad, distinctly angulately sinuate beyond clavus, claval vein 
not extending much beyond the middle of clavus, stigma large, 
inwardly couvexly rounded, two waved series of transverse veins, 
one beyond middle, tlie other nearer apex, thus defining respec- 
tively the apical and anteapical cells, apical margin rounded ; wings 
shorter and at base about as broad as tegmina, two oblique discal 
transverse veins beyond middle. 

This genus by the five carinations to the mesonotum is allied 
to both Oliarns and M nemos i/ne, from both of which it differs by 
the structure of the face and the sinuate tegmina beyond the 
apex of clavus, which gives it the appearance of an Achihnid. 



3181. Adzapala greeni, JDist. A. M. N. II. (8) viii, p. 739 (1911). 

Vertex dull ochraceous, eyes pieeous ; pro- and mesoiiota 
piceou.s, the carinations on the latter testaceous ; abdomen above 
fuscous brown, the lateral areas ochraceous ; face greenish 
ochraceous, a broad transverse pieeous fascia between the eyes, 
and the clypeus also of the latter colour ; body beneath almost 




Fig. 20. — Achapttla (jrceiii. 

entirely pieeous, the legs ochraceous, femora (excluding apices) 
pieeous ; tegmnia hyaline, the veins brownish with minute setose 
pieeous spots, tlie transverse veins prominently fuscous brown, 
costal margin with transverse pieeous spots, basal area and the 
area of the inner transverse veins more or less bronzy brown ; 
wings slightly pale fuliginous, the veins darker. 

Length excl. tegm. 4^ ; exp. tegm. 11^ inillim. 

Hah. Ceylon; Trincomalee (tr'y^t'n, ^jvi. Mus.^. 

d2 



36 



APPENDIX. — FULGORIl).^. 



Genus ADOLENDA. 
Adolenda, Bisf. A. M. N. II. (8) viii, p. 740 (1911). 

Type, A. typica, Dist. 

Distribution. Northern India. 

Vertex somewhat triangular, the margins strongly ridged, the 
angles of:" the face visible from above ; face long and slender, 
narrowest between eyes and distinctly projecting above them, 
the margins strongly ridged, a distinct ocellus before clypeus, 
which is 8hort and bears strong, central, and lateral ridges ; pro- 
notum very short, the lateral areas a little ampliate, the posterior 
margin strongly angularly emarginate ; mesonotum a little longer 
than head and pronotum together, tricarinate, the lateral carina- 
tions oblique; abdomen moderately broad and robust; legs 
slender, posterior tibise unarmed ; tegmina three times as long 
as broad, costal membrane bi'oad and unveined, at its apex a 
cell enclosing stigma, beneath this three distinct subapical cells, 
beyond these a central longitudinal cell reaching apex, on each 
side of which ^re connected oblique cells, claval vein not I'eaching 
apex of clavus ; w ings broader and shorter than tegmina, two 
transverse veins on disk and two apical triangular cells. 

Allied to the Neotropical genus CEdexis, Stal. 

3182. Adolenda typica, Did. A. M. N. H. (8) viii, p. 740 (1911). 

A'ertex, pronotum, and mesonotum brownish ochraceous, margins 
of vertex and pronotum, and margins and carinations to meso- 
notum, dull ochraceous ; abdomen above piceous, narrowly 
ochraceous at base ; head, sternum, and legs ochraceous ; ab- 
domen beneath piceous ; tegmina hyaline, the veins piceous and 




Fig. 21.— Adulciida fi/^Uca. 



M'ith the folloAving fuscous-brown spots : a stigmatal spot, two 
below costal membrane, the outermost connected with a short 
curA'ed fascia which extends submargiually round posterior half 
of vertex, and three spots on inner margin, the basal one largest ; 
wings hyaline, the veins darker. 

Length excl. tegm. 4; exp. tegm. 11 millim. 

Hab. Simla (Brit. Mt(s.). 



ANILA. COMMOLENDA. 



37 



Genus ANILA. (Vol. Ill, p. 260.) 

3183. Anila versicolor, Bisf. A. M. N. H. (8) viii, p. 741 (1911). 

Vertex, pronotum, and mesonotum black ; lateral margins of 
vertex, ninrgins of pronotum, and posterior margins of meta- 
uotnm pitchy brown ; abdomen above ochraceous, transverse 
basal and apical fascise black ; face and sternum black ; abdomen 
beneath and legs ochraceous ; tegmina hyaline with fuscous and 
ochraceous shadings, the first consisting of a basal fascia, stigma 
and a subapical transverse fascia darkest anteriorly and posteriorly, 
the ochraceous shadings consist of a broad transverse fascia before 
middle and a more broken fascia beyond middle ; wings hyaliue. 




Fig, 22. — Anila versicolor. 

the venation and apex distinctly iufuscate : vertex as long as 
broad, the lateral margins raised and laminate ; face longer than 
broad, truncate anteriorly (where it is narrowest) and concavely 
emarginate posteriorly (where it is broadest); clypeus moderately 
convex, centrally and laterally carinate ; posterior tibiae with two 
spines ; tegmina veined as in generic diagnosis. 

Length excl. tegm. 4; exp. tegm. 13 millim. 

Hah. Sikkim ; Lebong, 4500 feet {F. M. Uowlett, Brit. Mus.). 

Genus KIRBYANA. (Vol. Ill, p. 262.) 
Kirbyella, Kirk. Eittomolo(jist, xxix, p. 248 (1906). 

The synonymy of this genus must now include Kirbi/ella, 
which the late Mr. Ivirkaldy proposed as a new name to take 
the place of Kirhya, Melich., which was pre-occupied. I had, 
however, previously proposed the substitute of Kirhyaua. 



Genus COMMOLENDA. 

Commolenda, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) viii, p. 741 (1911). 

Type, C. deutitd, Dist. 
Distribution. Central India. 

Vertex a little broader than long, centrally and laterally 
carinate, not extending beyond eyes, the frontal angles of the 



38 



APPENDIX. FULGOKID.l!. 



face visible above ; face as long as greatest bi'eadth, widened 
towards clypeus, anterior margin truncate, posterior margin 
somewhat strongly emarginate, centrally carinate, the margins 
ampliately reflexed and ridged, an ocellus on each side of posterior 
margin ; clypeus about as long as face, centrally and laterally 
ridged ; pronotum exceedingly short, strongly waved and ridged ; 
mesonotum longer, but not twice as long as pronotum and vertex 
togetlier, tricarinate ; abdomen moderately robust ; tegmina less 
than twice as long as greatest breadth, costal margin distinctly 
waved, moderately but distinctly broadened towards apices, which 
are rounded, claval vein not reaching apex; wings a little shorter 
and broader than tegmina ; posterior tibife unarmed. 
Allied to the genus Kirhi/ana from Ceylon. 

3184. Commolenda deiista, DisT. A. M. X. H. (8) viii, p. 741 (1911). 

Vertex, pronotum, mesonotum, face, and sternum fuscous 
brown ; legs ochraceous ; abdomen black, the apical area and 
narrow segmental margins ochraceous ; wings hyaline, the veins 




Fig. 23. — Coiiiiiiolenda ilcu^ta. 

thickly covered with small dark granules, basal half with numerous 
small fuscous spots, of which the largest one is above the clavus, 
on apical half several waved fuscous lines, the apices of the apical 
veins also fuscous ; wings hyaline, the veins darker. 

Length excl. tegm. 3 ; exp. tegm. 11 millim. 

Hab. Central India {Brit. Mus.). 

A single specimen thus labelled is the only one that I have 
!ie<m of this species. 

Genus CANEIRONA. 
Caneirona, Bist. Trans. Linn. Soc. LomJ., Zool. 1915.* 

Type, C. macuiipennis, Dist., from the Seychelles. 

Distribution. JSeychelle Islands and Southern India. 

Vertex about as broad as long, the lateral margins strongly 
carinate, the anterior margins with a short central spine (some- 
times almost obsolete), the lateral angles also shortly spinose 



* The description of this genus is now in coui-se of publication by the 
Linnean Society of London, in a paper devoted to the Homoptera of the 

Seychello Islands. 



PARAMICRIXIA. 



39 



and distinctly extending beyond eyes ; face longer than greatest 
breadth, widened behind eyes towards clypens, anterior margin 
more or less truncate, ])osterior margin angularly eoncave and 
with an ocellus on each side, the lateral margins retlexed, and with 
a strong central longitudinal ridge ; clypeus much shorter than 
face, centrally ridged, laterally retlexed ; rostrum long, passing the 
posterior coxse ; pronotum very short, posteriorly angularly con- 
cave ; mesonotum about twice as long as vertex and pronotum 
together, tricarinate ; abdomen moderately i-obust ; tegmina 
twice as long as greatest breadth, gi-adually widened towards 
apex, costal margin distinctly waved, apices rounded, claval vein 
not reaching apex, apical areas distinctly delineated ; wings 
shorter than tegmina, the broadest areas of each about equal 
in width, with short transverse veins on the disk ; posterior tibiae 
unarmed. 

31 So. Caneirona indica, sp. n. 

Head, pronotum, and mesonotum ochraceons, the ])ronotum 
and carinations on vertex and mesonotnm much paler, the lateral 
areas of the mesonotum fuscous brown ; abdomen above piceous, 
anal appendage ochraceons ; face, steriuim, and legs ochraceons ; 
abdomen beneath piceous, with the segmental margins distinctly 




Fig. 2'1. — Caneirova iitdica. 

ochraceons ; tegmina stramineous, the apical area more ochra- 
ceous, apical and inner margins and a transverse fascia before 
apical area dark ochraceons, with blackish spots, a series of 
small pale spots on apical margin ; wings very pale fuliginous 
with the veins darker ; anterior margin of face concavely 
trinicate ; other structural characters as in generic diagnosis. 

Length excl. tegm. 3 ; exp. tegm. U millin). 

Hah. ISouth Iiulia ; Kodaikaual (7'. V. Ccunijbell). 



Genus PARAMICRIXIA. 

Pavamicrixla, iJisL A. M. X. 11. (8) viii, p. 742 (li)ll ). 

Type, P. diajJiaaa, Dist. 

Distrihidion. Bengal. 

Head much shorter than tlie anterior margin of the })ronotum, 



40 



APPENDIX. — FIJLGOEID.^. 



vertex short and narrow, a little widened anteriorly, the ajnces 
ot" the lateral margins prominent ; face moderate}}' long and 
narrow, gradually widening to clypetis, the lateral margins 
strongly ridged ; clypeus shorter than face, centrally ridged ; 
pronotum short but broad, centrally ridged, the lateral angles 
distinctly spined ; inesonotum about as long as pronotum and 
vertex together, tricarinate, the central carination straight, the 
sublateral ones more or less curved ; abdomen short and broad ; 
legs somewhat slender, posterior tibia^ not spined : tegmina and 
wings hyaline ; tegmina only slightly more than twice as long as 
broad, the apex subconically rounded, costal membrane large and 
distinct, at its apex and beneath stigma is a somewhat rounded 
cell, its inner margin connected by sinuate transverse veins to the 
posterior margin near claval apex, three apical cells beyond stigma 
and two cells caused by vein-bifurcation on apical margin ; wings 
about as broad as but shorter than tegmina, two apical cells 
caused by vein-bifurcation. 

This peculiar genus finds an allv in the Mexican Micri.via, 
Fowl. 



3186. Paramicrixia diaphana, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) viii, p. 742 
(1911). 

Body above bronzy black ; lateral margins of vertex testaceous ; 
body beneath black ; apex of clypeus, rostrum, basal area of 
abdomen, and the femora more or less ochraceous, tibiae piceous ; 
lateral margins of face testaceous, a little greyish before clypeus ; 




Fig. 25. — Paramicrixia diaphana. 



tegmina and wings hyaline and unmarked, save by the dark 
venation and the very narrow piceous margins, the margin _'at 
the stigmatal area is slightly more pronounced. 

Length excl. tegm. 3; exp. tegm. 9 millim. 

JJah. Bengal {Brit. Mtis.). 

The British Museum possesses a single specimen of this 
interesting species. 



MUNDOPA. 



41 



Genus MUNDOPA. (Vol. Ill, p. 203.) 

3187. Mundopa vagans, iJist. A. M. X. H. (8) viii, p. 743 (191 1). 

Vertex, pronotum, and niesonotum black, abdomen above pale 
piceous with tiie seg'inental margins paler ; face black, the lateral 
margins paler ; clypeus black ; .sternum and abdomen beneath 
ochraceons with piceous suffusions ; legs ochraceous, femora more 
or less suffused with piceous; tegmina fuscous brown, the veins 
darker, the stigma piceous with its basal margin greyish white, 




Fig. 2,C-i. — Mnvilopa vagnns. 

before the apical area a series of about four discal elongate, very 
obscure greyish-white spots ; wings fuscous brown, the veins 
darker ; vertex with the lateral margins ampliately and apical ly 
subacute ; face longer tlian broad, the lateral margins laminately 
raised and with a distinct basal oct^llus. 

Length excl, tegra. 'Ik ; exp. tegm. 8 millim. 

Hah. Ceylon ; Galle (T. Bainhrig<je Fletcher, Brit. Mvs.). 
Calcutta {Annandale. Ind. Mus.). 

3188. Mundopa campbelli, sp. u. 

Body above black ; lateral areas to vertex and posterior margin 
to proiiotum, reddish-brown ; a pale spot on each side of abdomen 
near base ; body beneath imperfectly seen in unique carded 




Fi^-. 



-MmxJdpii camphdli. 



specimen ; face black, its lateral margins reddish-ochraceous ; 
legs pale ochraceous ; tegmina fuscous brown, the costal mem- 
brane, claval area, and discal sutt'usions bright ochraceous ; 
posterior wings fuscous, the A'enation darker ; vertex of head 



42 APPENDIX. — FULGORID.aE. 

with the anterior angles distinctly spinous before eyes ; anterior 
margin of face truncately sinuate, its lateral margins strongly 
ridged and Avitli a distinct ceutral longitudinal carina- clypeus 
undeterminate in unique carded specimen. 

Length excl. tegin. '.i; exp. tegm. 11 millim. 

Bab. South India ; Kodaikanal {2\ J'. Camphell). 

3189. Mundopa regina, Dist. A. M. N. II. (8) viii, p. 743 (1911). 

Head and thorax black ; head somewhat greyishly tomentose ; 
vertex and pronotum with the lateral aud basal margins testa- 
ceous ; abdomen above dark testaceous ; face black, morti or less 
greyislily tomentose, the anterior and lateral margins testaceous; 
body beneath piceous, the legs fuscous ; tegaiina pale piceous, 
the veins black, the basal area obliquely cinuamomeous, the 
costal membrane piceous, the costal and apical margins greyishly 
tomentose, a short discal linear streak before the apical area 
greyish brown ; wings pale piceous, the veins black ; lateral 
n)argins of the vertex ampliately raised and apically subacute ; 
face elongate, the margins almost parallel, not posteriorly am- 
pliute, with a central longitudinal ridge and the lateral margins 
strongly ampliately carinate, a distinct ocellus at its posterior 
mai'gin ; tegmina about twice as long as broad, costal margin 
with a distinct short concave siuuation slightly beyond middle. 

Length excl. tegm. 3; exp. tegm. 11 millim. 

JIah. Travancore {Brit. Mas.). 

311)0. Mundopa balteata, l);.^t. A. M. X H. (8) viii, p. 74-3 (1911). 

Vertex, pronotum, and mesonotum black ; margins of vertex 
aud pronotum testaceous ; abdumeu above pitchy brown ; face, 
clypeus, and body beneath pitchy black ; legs pale ochraceous ; 
tegmina bronzy brown, crossed near middle by a transverse 
greyish-white fascia, before this fascia and beneath the costal 
membrane the colour is considerably paler thau on the apical area ; 
u)argins of vertex ampliately raised and apically subacute ; face 
long and somewbat narrow, with a strong central ridge, lateral 
margins strongly ampliately carinate ; mesonotum tricariuate. 

Length excl. "tegm. 3; exp. tegm. S millim. 

Hab. Ceylon; ^a^\i\.w{i\. {Green, Brit. Mus.). 

3191. Mundopa sita, sp. u. 

Body above black, more or less greyishly pilose ; lateral margins 
of vertex, anterior and posterior margins ot pronotum, and basal 
area of abdomen more or less ochraceous ; face black, tlie lateral 
margins ochraceous ; body bfuieath black or blackish, the legs pale 
ochraceous ; tegmina pale stramineous ; basal cell, costal and 
apical margins, inner margin excluding base, two subapical trans- 
verse fascise, and two converging and less well-marked fascse 



BORYSTHENES. 



43 



beyond middle, piceous or fuscous-brown, stigma black with a 
large white spot at base ; wings greyish white, subhyaline, the 
venation darker, especially on apical area, the apical margin also 
more or less broadly piceous ; anterior angles of vertex distinctly 




Fig. 28. — Mu7i(hjj>a xita. 

produced in front of eyes ; face about one and a half rimes longer 
than broad, both face and clypeus distinctly longitudinally ridged, 
ocellus near posterior margin of face, distinct. 

Length excl. tegm. 3; exp. tegm. 9 to 10 millini. 

Hah. South India; Kodaikanal (2\ V. Caiapbell). 

Genus BORYSTHENES to replace Baema. (Vol. Ill, p. 26(3.) 

Borysthenes, iStdl, Hem. Afric. iv, p. 165 (1866j. 
Barnia, Dist. vol. iii, p. 266. 

I had overlooked this genus of Stal, as he originally described 
it in his ' Hemiptera Africana' without giving type or locality. 
He, however, subsequently referred to it, giving Cixius finitus, 
Walk., as the type, a species which at the time I said must also 
be included in Barnia. 

BoRYSrilEXES DI VERSA. 
Banna diver.sa, Did. vol. iii, p. '2Gi5. 

3192. Borysthenes strigipennis, Dist. A. M. X. H. (8) viii, p. 744 
(1911). 

Head, pronotum, inesonotum, body beneath, legs, and base of 
abdomen above, ochraceous, more or less thickly greyishly tomen- 
tose, apical half of abdomen above a little darker ; tegmina very 
pale ochraceous, the veins darker, and between many of the veins 
the colour is much darker ochraceous ; wings pale fuliginous, the 
veins darker ; ve "^ex with a transverse impression between the 
eyes, the disk foveate and the lateral margins strongly carinate, 
its apex, seen from above, having the appearance of acute apical 
angles ; mesouotum with three longitudinal ridges. 

Length excl. tegm. 3; exp. tegm. 10-11 millim. 

Hah. iSikkiui ; Kurseoug (Lynch, Ind. Miis.). 



44 



APPENDIX. — rULGORID^. 



Allied to B. divcrsa, Dist., from which it difPers by the lesser 
and dift'erently arranged macular markings of the tegmina, tlie 
more concave face, and less developed central ridge on same, &c. 

3193. Borysthenes suknanicus, Ijist. A. M. N. H. (8) viii, p. 744 
(1911). 

Body above fuscous brown, more or less greyishly tomeiitose, 
the head, pronotura, and mesonotum almost entirely suffused; 
the abdominal segmental margins distinctly paler ; head beneath, 
stei'iunn, and legs ochraceous ; abdomen beneath piceous, some- 
what greyishly tomentose ; tegmina creamy white, with fuscous- 
bro^^■n markings, of \^'hich there are two elongate spots in costal 
membrane, two smaller streaks beneath them (one linear, the 
other curved), beyond middle more completely fuscous brown, 
enclosing the following creamy-white markings : two elongate 
spots, an outer rounded, a more quadrate costal spot, and a 
curved subapical fascia ; wings creamy-white, the veins fuscous 
broM'n, with suffusions of the same colour at apex, disk, and 
costal margin, the posterior max'ginal area is also faintly suffused 




Fig. 29. — Boo-ydhcnes suknanicus. 

with pale fuscous ; anterior angles of vertex prominent and 
robust, vertex transversely cariuate between the eyes : mesonotal 
carinations obscured by very thick tojuentosity ; tegmina very 
broad, their maximum breadth greater tlian that of wings ; face 
with a central longitudinal ridge, its lateral margins concavely 
sinuate, slightly convexly rounded before clypeus. 

Length excl. tegm. 3^ ; exp. tegm. 10| millim. 

H(0>. Sikkim ; 8ukna, 500 feet {Annandah). 



G-enus BRIXIA. (Vol. Ill, p. 200.) 

3194. Brixia plagosa, Dist. A. M. K. H. (8) viii, p. 745 (1911). 

A'ertex, pronotum, mesonotum, and abdomen above piceous ; 
face, body beneath, and legs brownish ochraceous ; tegmina pale 
bright ochraceous, the leins a little darker, stigma greyish brown. 



BRIXTA. 45 

three transverse series of somewhat indistinct silvery spots more 
or less margined with castaneous, the first short and strongly 
oblique ne:ir base, the second longest and slightly oblique near 
middle, the third short and discal before apical area, which is 
somewhat pale brownish and is inwardly marked by an obscure, 
rounded, nai-row, greyish fascia, margins of tegmina narrowly 
pale castaneous and with the following castaneous spots : three 
on costal margin before stigma, the third longest, a larger spot 
beyond stigma, a large spot on inner margin a little beyond 
claval apex, and a smaller one at apex of claval vein, a short 
transverse discal paler spot before apical margin ; wings very 
pale fuliginous ; face narrowing to apex, but not prominently 
compressed between the eyes, the lateral margins stronglv earinate, 
and with a distinct medial ridge and basal ocellus ; tegmina about 
twice as long as broad. 

Length excl. tegm. 4| ; exp. tegm. 14 millim. 

Hah. Sikkim ; Ivurseoug, Sukna {AniiandaJe). 

3195. Brixia inornata, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) viii, p. 74.5 (1011). 

Head, prouotum, and mesonotum dark castaneous ; abdomen 
castaneous, with strong greyish tomentum ; face, sternum, and 
legs pale brow nish ochraceous ; abdomen beneath castaneous ; 
tegmina pale greyish brown, immaculate except for some very 
small aud obscure pale spots on the apical margin ; the veins 
strongly fuscous brown, the stigma ochraceous, wings obscure 
greyish, tlie veins darker ; face long and naiTow, strongly narrowed 
between the eyes, the lateral margins very strongly earinate; 
mesonotum tricarinate ; tegmina more than twice as long as 
broad. 

Length excl. tegm. 5 ; exp. tegm. 164-17 millim. 

Hab. Sikkim; l\.\xvseong {Annandale). 

This species is to be recognized by the strongly darkly veined, 
but not maculate or fasciate tegmina. Dr. Annandale captured 
two specimens of this distinct species. 

3196. Brixia elongata, Bist. A. M. N. II. (8) viii, p. 746 (1911). 

Body above black or piceous ; face black, tlie lateral margins 
brownish ochraceous : sternum and legs brownish ochraceous ; 
abdomen beneath black, anal appendages brownish ochraceous; 
tegmina pale brownish ochraceous, the veins darker and minutely 
setosely mactdate, considerably suffused with fuscous brown 
markings, of w hich the principal ones are : a broad trans- 
Averse basal fascia followed by an elongate spot on costal mem- 
brane, a broad trans\erse fascia before middle which encloses 
a small pale spot on costal membrane, the stigma and more or 
less the whole apical area, on which there are some obscure 
greyish spots, the apices of the apical veins are also shortly 
greyish, a greyish marginal spot a little beyond claval apex ; 



46 



APPENDIX. — FULGORTDvE. 



wings pale fuliginous, the veins darker; teginina long and narrow, 
nearly three times as long as broad ; face long and narrow, com- 
pressed between the eyes. 

Length excl. tegm. 4 ; exp. tegm. 14-15 millim. 

Hub. Ceylon ; Horton Plains, Pattipola (^'re^H, Brit. Mns.). 

The salient and most distinctive character of this species is 
found in the long and narrow tegmina. 

3197. Brixia variolosa, Uist. A. M. N. H. (8) viii, p. 746 (J91 L). 

Body piceous ; lateral margins of mesonotum brownish oehra- 
ceous ; posterior margins of abdominal segments greyish white ; 
sternum and legs brownish ochraceous ; tegmina fuscous brown, 
with numerous pale markings either ochraceous or greyish white, 
of which the pi'incipal ones are a transverse fascia a little beyond 
base, two contiguous transverse irregular fasciae near middle, the 
innermost darker and more ochraceous, basal and inner margins 
of stigma, beneath which are seven pale spots followed by a more 
ochraceous spot near claval apex, on apical area three clusters of 
pale spots ; wings fuliginous, the veins darker ; face long, much 




Fig. 30. — Brixia variolosa. 

narrowed between the eyes, the lateral mai'gins strongly carinate 
or ridged ; tegmina a little more than twice as long as greatest 
breadth, the costal margin distinctly sinuate ; mesonotum tri- 
carinate. 

Length excl. tegm. 5: exp. tegm. 15 millim. 

Mab. Sikkim ; Kurseong (AnnandaJe). 

The sinuation of the costal margin of the tegmina, near the base, 
is a distinctive character of tliis species. 



3198, Brixia geometrina, Dist. A. M. K. H. (8) viii, p. 746 (1911). 

Body above dark castaneous brown ; apical angles of vertex, 
margins and carinations to pro- and mesonota, lateral margins of 
abdomen above, body beneath, and legs ocliraceous ; tegmina 
semi-opaque, greyish white, margins very narrowly, and the 



DOLIA. — TAMBINIA. 



47 



stigma ocbraceous, an oMi<iue basal fascia, a transverse spot in 
costal area, an irregular spot in clavus, a broad transverse fascia 
before middle, irregular subapical suffusions, a central transverse 
spot near apex and tbe a|iical margin fuscous, tbe broad trans- 
verse fascia contains two small ])ale spots, and tbe apices of the 
apical veins are distinctly ocliraceous ; wings |iale sidjli valine Avitb 
tlie venation fuscous ; tegmina with the costal margin near base 
slightly sinuate ; face elongate, much narrowed between the eyes. 

Length excl. tegm. 5; exp. tegm. 17 uiillim. 

Hah. Ceylon; Pattipola {Green., Brit. litis.). 

Allied to tbe previous species, B. variolosa, by tbe less sinuate 
costal mai'gin near base. 



Subfamily TROPIDUCHlNiE. (Vol. Ill, p. 272.) 

Genus DOLIA. 

Doha, KirA: Haw. Suf/ar Plant. Assoc. Bull iii, p. 95 (1907); 

Melich. Monofjr. Tropidueh. p. 134 {Verh. Fer. Brimn, 1914). 
Hiracia":', Dist. (vol. iii, p. 273). 

In enumerating Hiracia ivall-eri, Sign., wbicii I had not seen, 
I added that it "may or may not be strictly congeneric." 
Kirkaldy promptly proposed the new generic name Dolia, and 
MeliclKir has now given a fuller generic description. 

DOLTA WALKERI. 
Hiracliia walkeri, Sign. (vol. iii, p. 274). 



Genus TAMBINIA. (Vol. Ill, p. 276.) 

3199. Tambinia verticalis, sp. n. 

Body above pale virescent ; vertex of liead and the inter- 




Fig. 31. — Tavihinia verdcalis. 




stices between tbe carinations of pronotuin testaceous ; body 



48 APPENDIX. FULGOBID.i:. 

beneath aud legs ocliraceous ; tegmiua viiesceiit, about apical 
third obliquely subh\aline, the detining line between the two 
areas more or less well defined aud dark castaneous ; wings 
creamy-white ; vertex of head considerably longer than broad, 
moderately narrowed towards apex, which is roundly truncate, 
with a strong centi-al longitudinal ridge, the lateral margins 
carinately recurved ; pronotum centrally and marginally ridged ; 
mesouotum tricarinate ; posterior tibiae armed with two spines. 

Length excl. tegm. 5 ; exp. tegrn. 14 millim. 

Hab. S. India ; Coorg, Santikoppa {2\ Bainbrujge Fletcher) ; 
S. Kanara, Kasargode (1\ F. 11.). 

3200. Tambinia rubromaculata, sp. n. 

Pale virescent ; vertex o£ head, pronotum, and tegmina finely 
spotted with testaceous red ; body beneath and legs paler and 
more ochraceous in hue ; vertex of head distinctly longer than 
broad and narrowed to apex, centrally and laterally cariuate, 
less narrowlv elongate than in the preceding species ; face 
shorter and broader than in T. verticalis, tegmiua also paler in 
hue and tlie subapical oblique line of transverse veins concolorous, 
not castaneous. 

Length inch tegm. Ih millim. 

Hah. Cevlon ; Kandy ( E. E. Green ), AV^eligama {T. Bainhrit/r/e 
Fletclier). 



Genus ANTABHO&A. 
Antahhoga, Dist. A. -V. N. II. (S) ix, p. 185 (1912). 

Type, A. c/ccrdtneri, Dist. 

Dlstrihation. Laccadive Islands. 

Head (including eyes) narrower than pronotum, vertex very 
short and broad, conically rounded in front, the anterior margin 
strongly upwardly ridged, finely centrally cariuate ; face longer 
than broad, a little \\idened towards clypeus, both strongly 
centrally cariuate, lateral margins of face U[)wardly ridged; pro- 
notum a little longer than vertex, posterior margin strongly 
subangularly emarginate, distinctly centrally cariuate, anterior 
margin carinately ridged ; mesouotum louger than vertex and 
pronotum together, centrally tricarinate, the lateral carinations 
united anteriorly : abdomen moderately broad and short ; posterior 
tibiae with three spines ; tegmina about or nearly three times as 
long as broad, costal membrane with numerous oblique veins, a 
transverse, rounded series of subapical veins enclosing short 
apical cells, and a near)}" straight series of transverse veins 
bevond middle enclosing narrow elongate subapical cells. 

Allied to Epora, AValk., but differing in the structure of the 
face aud vertex and in the arrangement of the cells to the 
tesmiua. 



STIBORUS. 



49 



3201. Antabhoga gardineri, Dbf. A. M. N. H. (8) ix, p. 185 (1912). 

Almost unil'oriul\' brownish ocliraceous ; wings fuliginous ; 
the carinations and cuniiate margins to the head and thorax 
above distinctly paler in parts ; extreme costal and apical 




Fig. o2. — AntcdiliCHja gardiueri. 

margins of teguiiua ochraceous. the apical area also shghtly 
mottled with ochraceous ; leg^ ochraceous ; other characters as 
in generic diagnosis. 

Length incl. tegm. 7-8 mlllim. 

Hah. Laccadive Islands; Minikoi [Garditier, Brit. Mas.). 

G(!nus STIBORUS. (Vol. Ill, p. 280.) 

Melichar, ]\ronogr. Tropiduch. p. 4;j (Yerh. Ver. Briiun, 1014), 
has very much amplified his description of this genus. 



Stibokus viRiDis. (Vol. Ill, p. 280.) 

Stiborus viridis, Melick. Moiio</r. Tropin 
Vcr. Bribni, 1914). 

Alelichar has now figured his species (here reproduced). It 



Stiborus viridis, Jlelic/i. Moiioi/r. Tropiduch. p. 44. tig. 13 ( I'erh. 
Vcr. Bribni, 1914). 




Fig. 33. — Stihorua viridis. 

must be a rare form as I have still no example in any of mv 
collections from Cevlon. 



TOL, YI. 



50 APPEXDIX. FULGORIDX 



Genus STACOTOIDES, nov. 

T3'pe, S. tijpicus, Dist. 

Distribution. South India. 

Head considerably longer than broad, prouiiuently projecting 
beyond eyes, vertex moderately angulate at apex ; face about 
twice as broad as long, ampliated towards clypeus, with a 
distinct central longituduial ridge ; clypeus short, scarcely 
longer than one-third the length of face ; pronotum very short, 
anterior margin angularly produced, posterior margin angukirly 
concave ; mesonotuin about as long as head and pronotum 
together, tricarinate, the central carination prominent ; abdomen 
of 2 short and broad ; legs elongate, posterior tibiae with two 
spines, basal joint of posterior tarsi long : tegmina ampliated 
towards apex, costal membrane without transverse veins, three 
series of longitudinal cells, two basal, moderately long and broad, 
four central, long and somewhat narrow, nine apical, clavus 
short, especially the claval vein ; wings about half the length 
of tegmiua aud mnch narrower, two discal and four apical cells. 

In this enumeration the genus will follow Stacota, Stal (vol. iii, 
p. 281). 

32U2. Stacotoides typicus, sp. n. 

Vertex of head brownish ochraceous with two posteriorly 
converging black lines, the base testaceous, eyes black ; pro- 
notum and niesonotum dark oastaneous, the margins of the first 
and the central carination to the latter distinctly ochraceous ; 
face and cheeks ochraceous, the interstices between the facial 




Fig. 34. — S/aco/oi(hs tijincu?: 

ridges a little darker ; abdomen above ( 5 ) black, more castaueous 
near base, body beneath imperfectly seen in unique carded 
specimen ; legs ochraceous, posterior femora castaneous, tarsal 
claws black : tegmina and wings snbh valine, the venation piceous, 
extreme bases flavescent, outwardly fuscous brown. 

Length excl. tegm. $ 3; exp. tegin. 9| milliin. 

Hah. South India; Kodaikannl (7'. V. CampheV, Brit. Mus.). 



EPOEA. — EPORIELLA. 



51 



Genus EPORA. (Vol. Ill, p. 282.) 
3203. Epora montana, Dist. A. M. N. 11. (8) ix, p. 185 (1912). 

Body and legs ocliraceous ; tegmina pale ochraceous ; wings 
hyaline with the veins pale ochraceous ; vertex of head with a 
distinct central longitudinal ridge ; face elongate, centrally and 
longitudinally ridged ; tegmina with the costal membrane some- 
what closely, obliquely, transversely veined, apical and subapical 
elongate narrow cells, the apical cells the longer of the two. 

Length excl. tegm. 8 ; exp. tegm. 17 millim. 

Hah. Nilgiri Hills (i/irf/«p*o>i). Bengal; Calcutta ( By^'f. i/'?f.s.). 




Fig. 35. — Kpora montana. 

Allied to E. subtilis. Walk., but readily distinguished from 
that species by the size and shape of the apical and subapical 
cells to the tegmina. 

In fresh specimens the ochraceous coloration will be replaced 
by a virescent hue, as appears in a specimen recently received 
from Bengal. 

Melichar, Moiiogr. Tropiduch. p. 51 (Yerh. Yer. Briinn, 1914), 
has placed this species as a synonym of E. subtilis, Walk. Now 
that I have figured both these species, and the differential 
characters are detailed {supra), the distinction will be readily 
appreciated. 



Eporiella, Melich. 
1914). 



Genus EPORIELLA. 

Monof/r. Tropiduch. p. 52 [Verh. Ver. Briinn, 



Type, E. ceijlonica, Melich. 

Distribution. Ceylon. 

Melichar has founded this genus as near Epora and on a 
Ceylonese species contained in the Hof museum of Yienna. He 
has not figured it, and owing to the present European war there 
is no opportunity for my seeing it. I merely therefore call 
attention to his description. 

e2 



52 



APPEXDTX. — PrLGORID^. 



3204. Eporiella ceylonica, Melkh. Monoyr. Tropiduch. p. 52 ( Verh. 
Ver. Brilnn, 1914). 



Hah. Cevlou. 



Genus EODRYAS. 



Epora, MeJich. (nee Walk.) Horn. Fmin. Ceylon, p. 48 (1903). 
Eodryas, Kirk. Haw. S. PL Assoc. Bull, ifi, p. 93 (1907); Melich. 
Monogr. Tropiduch. p. 52 ( J^er/i. J'er. Briinn, 1914). 

Type, E. meUchari, Dist. 

Distribution. Brit. India, Ceylon. 

Melichar ori^incally described the tvpe of this genus under the 
generic name of Ejiora, and mistook tlie species to whieli he 
referred as E. suMilis, Walk. I (vol. iii, p. 283) described 
the pi'incipal generic differences a[)pertaiuing to that species, 
which I was compelled to rename as Gen.? meUchari. Kirkaldy 
(supra), without any description, referred to it under a new 
name Eodryas. MeHchar [siqji'ct) has now adopted that name. 



EODKYAS MELICHARI. 

Gen. ? melichari (vol. iii, p. 285). 

Epora subtilis, Melich. (nee Walk.), Hotn. Faun. Ceylon, p. 48, t. 1, 

f. 11 a-e (1903). 
Eodrvas melichari, Melich. Monor/r. Tropidnch. p. 53, tis'. 14 ( Verh. 

Ver. Briinn, 1914). 




Fig. 36. — Eodryas melichari. 



Hah. Bombay, Ceylon. 

I have not seen the species but reproduce Meliehar's figure. 



BARUKOIDES. — EILITHTIA. 53 

BARUNOIDES to replace Baruna. (Vol. HI, p. 283.) 

Biiruna, J)ist. (vol. iii, p. 28:!), uom. prfeocc. 

Baninoides, Disf. A. M. N. H. (8) ix, p. 471 (1!)]2). h. noni. ; 

Melich. Monogr. Tropiduch. p. 58 {Verh. Ver. Brioiii, 1914), 

part. 

Melichar {supra) has sunk Bierman's genus CatidJoides (Not. 
Mus. Leiden, xxxiii, p. 21, 1911) as a synonym of the above. 
This, however, cannot be maintained. Both Bierman's descrip- 
tion and figure define the costal membrane of the tegmina as 
possessing numerous transverse veins, wliereas my description 
and figure of Barunoides clearly show the contrary, "costal 
membrane without transverse veins." Moreover, there are otiier 
differences, and Bierman's genus is distinct and must stand, 
unless it should be subsequently proved to be a synonym of 
Kusuma, Dist. It is found in Java and Sumatra and not as yet 
recorded from British India. 

BaRUXOIDES ALBOSIGNATA. 
Baruna albosiii'nata (vol. iii, p. 284). 

Genus EILITHYIA. 
Eilithyia, I)ist. A. 31. N. II. (8) ix, p. 184 (1912). 

Type, E. instdaris, Dist. 

Distribidion. Narkondam Island. 

Vertex subquadrate, the margins strongly ridged, its apex 
somewhat moderately angularly rounded ; eyes longer than broad, 
posteriorly projecting over the anterior angles of the pronotum ; 
face longer than broad, lateral margins ridged, a little concave, 
moderately widened and aiigulate before clypeus, centrally strongly 
carinate, the carination bifurcate anteriorly ; clypeus strongly 
centrally carinate, its lateral margins not carinate ; pronotum 
strongly convex anteriorly, concave posteriorly, centrally strongly 
carinate, its lateral angles posteriorly subacute, anterior margin 
distinctly carinate ; mesonotum tricariuate ; posterior tibia? with 
two spines, one befoi-e and the other behind middle ; tegmina 
about two and a half times as long as broad, costal margin con- 
vexly rounded, apex conically rounded, costal membrane broad, 
not veined, three longitudinal cells from base to beyond middle, 
beyond which the venation is close and longitudinal and a 
series of transverse veins deliminates a close series of apical and 
anteapical cells, claval vein extending to about middle of claval 
area ; wings shorter but scarcely broader than tegmina, posterior 
margin strongly sinuate, a series of disconnected transverse veins 
before apical area. 

(Somewhat allied to Tamhlnia, from which it differs in the 
shape of vertex and face, and in the position of the longitudinal 
veins to tegmina, the first not being near costal margin as in 
Tamhinia, 



54 



APPENDIX. — FULQORID.5;. 



3205. Eilithyia insularis, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) ix, p. 184 (1912). 

Body and legs ochraceous ; tegmina very j^ale ochraceous ; 
wings hyaline with the venation pale ochraceous ; abdomen, 




Fig. 37. — EiUthyia inmlaris. 

centrally dorsally ridged, with the spiracles very distinct ; anal 
appendage in female long, slender, apically bifurcate ; other 
characters as in generic diagnosis. 

Length excl. tegm. $ 1h ; exp. tegm. 17 millim. 

Hah. Narkondam Island. 



Genus SOGANA. 

Sogana, Mntsum. Ann. Mus. Hung, xii, p. 268 (1914) Melich. 
Monoyr. Tropidzich. p. 113 [Verh. Ver. £rmm, 1914). 

Type, S. hopponis, Matsum., from Formosa. 
Distrihution. Tenasserim, Mentawei, Formosa. 

3206. Sogana extrema, Melich. Monur/r. Trojnducli. p. 115, fig. 28 
{Verh. Ver. Briinn, 1914). 




Fig. 38. — Sogann e.vtrema. 

I reproduce the figure of this species only, for the following 
reasons : — Sogana was described by Matsumura, who placed it in 



GOEDIA. 



55 



the subfam. Lophopina?. Melichar, however, places it in the 
Tropiduchinse, which appears to me to be its better position. I 
have, liowever, seen no example of the genus and therefore give 
Melichar's figure and follow him in his divisional location. 



Subfamily ACHILINJ5. (Vol. Ill, p. 286.) 

Genus GORDIA. 
Gordia, Melich. Horn. Faun. Ceylon, p. 43 (1903). 

Type, G. oculata, Melich. 

Distribution. Ceylon. 

Vertex moderately short and broad, tricarinate, the apex 
truncate ; face distinctly longer than bx'oad, anteriorly truncate 
and moderately produced above eyes, distinctly centrally carinate, 
foveately depressed for about upper third, the lateral margins 
carinate, slightly convex and narrowed towards clypeus, which is 
short with its lateral margins carinate ; prouotum short, slightly 
shorter than vertex, tricarinate, tlie posterior margin concavely 
sinuate ; mesonotum a little longer than vertex aud prouotum 
together, tricarinate ; abdomen short and robust ; legs of mode- 
rate length ; tegmina about three times as long as broad, the 
costal margin straight till about end of costal membrane and then 
distinctly sinuate at commencement of apical area, posterior 
margin strongly sinuate at about end of clavus, three longitudinal 
veins very prominent on disk ; membrane shorter and broader 
tlian tearmiua. 



32U7. Gordia oculata, MvUch. Hum. Faun. Ceylon, p. 43 (1003). 

Vertex, prouotum and mesonotum black, the carinations 
ochraceous, posterior mesonotal angle ochraceous ; abdomen above 
piceous or black, the basal area somewhat testaceous ; head 




Fig. 39. — Gordia oculata. 

beneath and sternum black; face with a small spot on each side 
near anterior margin and a broad central fascia, apex of the 
civpeus and the abdomen beneath pale ochraceous; legs 
ocliraceous, more or less shaded with black ; tegmina fuscous 
brown for about two-thirds their length, thickly speckled aud 
veined with ochraceous, with a distinct piceous or black spot on 



56 



APPENDIX. — FULGORID.E. 



disk near middle, two Avliite spots near base of clavus and another 
a little beyond apex of clavus, apical third pale fuliginous, the 
veins thickly finely speckled with ochraceous ; wings fuliginous. 

Length excl. tegm. 2| ; exp. tegm. 8 milliin. 

Hah. Ceylon; Peradeniya {Uzel, CoU. MeUchar; Green. Brit. 
31ns.). 

Previouslv I could onlv draw attention to this species (vol. iii, 
p. 294). 

Genus FAVENTIA. (Vol. Ill, p. 280.) 

Faveutia piistulata (vol. iii. p. 287, tig. 135). 

Add: Ilab. Sikkiui ; Hnknn (Ajinmidale). 

This is the first record of the species west of Tenasserim. 



Genus ROBIGALIA, nov. 

Type, i?. butleri, Dist. 

Distribution. South India. 

Vertex of head broader than long, the anterior lateral angles 
acutely prominent, the lateral margins acutely reflexed ; face 
much longer than broad, slightly widened tovA'ards clypeus, the 
lateral margins acutely reflexed ; clypeus small, its lateral margins 
carinate ; pronotum very much broader than long, its anterior 
margin angularly convex, its posterior margin concave, both 
margins distinctly i-idged and also a central longitudinal ridge ; 
mesoiiotum slightly longer than head and pronotum together, 
transversely depi'essed behind middle ; tegmina attenuated poste- 
riorly and passing abdominal apex, claval area prominent; legs 
elongated, first joint of posterior tarsi long. 

3208. Eobigalia butleri, sp. n. 

Head, pronotum, and mesonotum greyish white ; two large 
spots on mesonotum black ; tegmina with mat-gins of clavus 





Fig. 40. — Ihihigalia hutlcri. 

continued to apex, a submarginal fascia from about middle to 
apex, and a central linear line from claval margin to middle, black 



DEFEEUNDA. 



57 



or blackish, a black humeral linear spot; legs pale ochraceous : 
face pale ochraceous, its margins paler ; clypeus black ; structural 
characters as in generic diagnosis. 

Length inch tegm. 4 nnllim. 

Hah. 8. India; Kodaikanal (7'. T". Camphdl). 

Xamed after Mr. E. A. Butler, who has kindly let me see all 
Dr. Campbell's captures. 



Genus DEFERUNDA. 
Deferunda, Dist. A. 31. N. H. (8) ix, p. 186 (1912). 

Type, D. stigmatka, Dist. 

Distrilmtion. Bengal. 

Vertex of head longer than breadtli between eyes, prominently 
produced in front of eyes, slightly upturned apically, tlie lateral 
margins distinctly upturned, the disk depressed ; face much longer 
than broad, distiiu-tly produced before eyes, centrally aud laterally 
carinate, distinctly foveate anteriorly ; clypeus small, about half 
the length of face, the margins distinctly carinate ; pronotum 
narro\\-, centrally tricarinate, the lateral angles moderately 
ampliate ; mesonotum broad, tricarinate, considerably broader 
tlian long, the lateral angles subacute ; abdomen broad, moderately 
robust ; posterior tibiie unspined ; tegmina about three times as 
long as broad, moderately angulate and then ampliate beyond 
clavus, claval Aein about reaching claval apex, a distinct series of 
apical cells, beyond clavus a pronounced subquadrate cell, above and 
beyond which are a cluster of anteapical cells ; «ings much broader 
and a little shorter than teguiina. 

A genus to be placed near Faventia, Stfil, owing to the face 
being distinctly produced before eyes and the small clypeus. 

3209. Deferunda stigmatica, Dist. A. M.N. H. (8) ix,p. 18(] (1912). 

Vertex and pronotum greyish white, the first with longitudinal 
black lines; mesonotum with three irregular transverse fasciae, 




Fig. 41. — Deferunda i^tigmafica. 

one at anterior margin, one near middle, and the third, which is 
strongly waved, behind middle ; abdomen above piceous ; face 
and clypeus greyish white, the former with a transverse sinuate 
black fascia before middle; sternum and legs more or less 



58 



APPENDIX. PgLGORID.i:. 



ochraceoiis ; abdomen beneath blackish, with the margins of the 
segments greyish white ; tegmina with the basal two-thirds more 
or less ocbraceous, the apical third greyish, the veins more or 
less minutely spotted or granulated with black, much less 
prominently so on apical third, a distinct carmine-red stigmatal 
spot, interiorly margined with black: wings fuliginous. 

Length excl. tegm. 4; exp. tegm. 9 millim. 

Hah. Bengal ; Chapra {Maclcenzie, Brit. Mas.). 

Genus VEKUNTA. (Vol. Ill, p. 287.) 

I followed Melichar, the founder of this genus (for I only 
revised his name Temesa which was preoccupied), in placing it 
in the Aehilinae. Kirkaldy (Haw. Sugar Plant. Assoc. Bull, iii, 
p. 115, 1907) wrote " J'el-unta is certainly an Issiue and 
has nothing to do with Achilini." Subsequently (Ann. Soc. Ent. 
Belg. ii, p. 302, 1907) he stated that it is not an Issine but a 
Derbid ! Pending further developments it may well be left in 
tlie place assigned it by Melichar and mvself. Muir (liep. Exp. 
Stat. H. P. a; Bull, xii, p. 37, 1913) states that Melichar placed 
it among the Cixiinaj, but that is incorrect. 

Genus EPIRAMA. 

Epiraiua, MeJicli. Horn. Faun. Ceylon, p. 45 (1903) {ante, Vol. Ill, 
p. 294). 

Type, E. consju'njata, Melich. 
Distrih'ution. Ceylon. 

3210. Epirama conspergata, Mdic/i. Hont. Faun. Ceylon, p. 45 (1903). 
Previously (vol. iii, p. 294) I could only refer to this genus 




Fig. 42. — Ejjiraiita cuuspcrgata. 

and species, not having seen examples. Since then b\^ the 
kindness of Dr. Melichar 1 have been able to secure an illustration 
which is here produced. 



Genus PARATANGIA. 

Paratang'ia, Melkh. Hont. Faun. Ceylon, i>. 40 (1903) {anfe, Vol.111, 
p. 294). 

Type, P. noiata, ^Melich. 
Distrihution. Ceylon. 



KINTfARA. 



59 



3211. Paratangia fim'briolata, Melich. Horn. Farm. Ceylon, p. 47(1903). 
AVlien I previously referred to this genus and species (vol. iii, 
p. 291) I had seen no ex.-iraples. 



Since then Dr. Melickar has 




Fig. 43. — Vavatauijia fiinbiolafa. 

kindly assisted me in procuring a figure of one species which is 
here reproduced. 

Two others, F. notaia, Melich. and P. marginata, Melich., have 
also been described, hut I do not know thein. 



Genus KINNARA. (Vol. Ill, p. 289.) 
Kinaara fumata (vol. iii, p. 289). 
Add: Hah. S.India; Kodaikanal (CaJH^jJeZ^- 

3212. Kinnara flavofasciata, sp. n. 

^> Vei'tex of head and pronotum flavescent ; niesonotum black; 
abdomen above dull greyish-white ; body beneath (imperfectly 
seen in carded specimen) and legs pale ochraceous ; tegmina 
fuscous brown, the basal half darker, basal half of costal area 
flavescent : wings fuliginous with a slight opaline lustre ; vertex 
of bead with the lateral margins strongly carinate, their apical 
angles prominent ; meson otuin obscurely triearinate ; lateral 
margins of face very strongly ridged. 

Length excl. tegm. 3 ; exp. tegm. 10 millim. 

Hah. S. India ; Salem {T. V. Camphell). 



3213. Kinnara maculata, Did. A. M. X. H. (8) ix, p. 187 (1912). 

Body above more or less castaneous brown, apex of the 
abdomen pale ochraceous ; body beneath, legs, vertex and pro- 
notum, more or less ochraceous ; tegmina very pale ochraceous, 
subhyaliue, with three prominent fuscous spots, one near base, 
another near end of subcostal area, and the third on disk a 
little beyond and above the apex of clavus, the apical marginal 



60 



APPENDIX. — FULGOEID.T:. 



area distinctly palely infuscate ; winors hyaline, the veins palely 
fuscous, the anal posterior area adorned with opaline lustre. 




Ficf. 44. — Kinnara maculata. 



Length excl. tegin. 2h \ exp. tegm. 94-10 millim. 

Hah. Travancore ; Maddathoray, west base of W. Ghats 
(Anuandale, Indian ij' Brit. Muss.). 

This species differs from A', ceylonica, Melich., in the narrower 
face, different colour and markings, etc. 



3214. Kinnara spectra, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) ix, p. 187 (1912). 

Body and legs pale ochraceous ; tegmina and wings subhyaline, 
uniformly greyish white ; vertex short and bmaci, much narrower 
than prouotum, the disk concave, the margins strongly carinate ; 
face narrowest between the eyes, ampliated towards middle where 
it is subangulate, and then narrowed to clypeus. 




Fig. 45. — Kinnara spectra. 



Length, excl. tegm. 3 ; exp. tegm. 11 millim. 

Hah. E. Himalayas {Brit. Mm]). 

This species is to be separated from all the other species of 
the genus at present described by the uniformly pale and sub- 
hjaline tegmina and wings, and the subangulate amplification of 
the face. 



MAGADIIA. AMBALANGODA. 



61 



Genus MAGADHA. (Vol. Ill, p. 290.) 
Magadha Havisig-na (vol. iii, p. i4)l. fig. 188). 

Add : Hah. Darjiling, 6000 fe.-t (Bnmetti., Ind. Mus.). 
A single specimen, labelled " At light in house." 

Genus USANA. (Vol. Ill, p. 293.) 
3215. Usana abdominalis, sp. u. 

Body above brownish ochraceous, apical half of abdomen black ; 
body beneath and legs paler ochraceous; tegmiiia and wings pale 
tawny fuliginous, in wings the venation distinctly darker than in 
tegmina ; head (including eyes) narrower than pronotum, vertex 
strongly tricarinate, a little narroued anteriorly ; face about half 




Fig. 46. — Usaiia abdominalis. 

as long again as clypeus, a little anipliate posteriorly; clvpr^us 
with the lateral margins finely carinate, and \\'ith an incomplete 
central ridge ; pronotum and niesonotum tricarinate ; posterior 
tibiae with a small spine before middle. 

Length exel. tegm. 3; exp. tegm. 11 millim. 

Hah. Sikkim. 



Genus AMBALANGODA. 

Ambalangoda, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) ix, p. 187 (1912). 

Type, A. insignis, Dist. 

Distribution. Ceylon. 

Vertex very slightly longer than broad, the latez'al margins 
laminately raised and slightly projecting at their apices ; eyes 
elongate, occupying the whole lateral margins of the vertex and 
continued backward beyond its base ; face longer than bi-oad, 
widened toward clypeus, the lateral margins sinuate and ampli- 
ately ridged, centrally longitudinally carinate, before clvpeus 
moderately concave ; clypeus a little more than half the length of 
face, its lateral margins carinate, its disk somewhat tumid; pro- 
notum very narrow, its lateral areas strongly obliquely recurved 
backward ; mesonotum large, with the disk longitudinally raised, 
flattened and tricarinate; posterior tibiae not spined ; tegmina 



62 APPENDIX.— FULGORID^. 

more than twice as long as broad, widened toward apex, costal 
margin distinct]}' sinnato near base, two transverse veins near 
middle, five or six anteapical cells separated from tlie apical cells 
by a curved series of transverse veins, the apical cells moderately 
long and narrow, the uppermost, before apex, oblique ; wings a 
little shorter than tegmina, slightly more than twice as long as 
broad, tv\o transverse veins near middle and a short angulate 
apical cell. 

By the face slightly projecting before the eyes and the short 
clypeus, this genus is allied to Kosalya, Dist., from which it 
differs by the totally different structure of the face and the non- 
spiued posterior tibite. 



3:216, Ambalangoda insignis, List. A. M. N. H. (8) ix, p. 188 

(1912). 

Vertex and pronotvnn ochraceoas, mesonotum piceous with 
the longitudinal carinate disk ocliraceous ; abdomen piceous or 
black ; face black, the ampliate margins brownish ochraceous and 
somewhat darkly maculate ; clypeus brownish ochraceous, the 
margins darkly maculate near base and apex ; sternum and legs 
dull ochraceous and more or less darkly maculate ; tegmina for 
about half the length dull ochraceous with the veins darker, the 




Fig. 47. — Ambalanf/oda liisiffms. 

whole apical area more dull greyish, with a broad and ill-defined 
slightly curved fuscous fascia near the apical margin, the veins to 
the three upper subapical cells distinctly infuscated at the apices, 
clavus white, with some black spots at its upper margin and 
another at its apex; wings very pale fuliginous with the veins 
darker. Structural characters as in generic diagnosis. 

Length excl. tegm. 3 ; exp. tegm. 9 millim. 

Hab. Ceylon ; Ambalangoda {Green). 



3217. Ambalangoda fasciata. sp. n. 

Body and legs brownish ochraceous ; tegmina subliyaline, the 
veins setigerous, basal area (more or less), an oblicjue fascia 
extending from near middle of costal margin to inner apical angle. 



CAKISTIANUrS. 63- 

and irregulai-lv sized and shaped apical marginal spots, pale 
brownish-ochraceoiis ; vertex slightly longer than broad, the 
lateral margins raised and projecting at their apices ; face longer 
tlian broad, widened towards clypeus which is more than half the 
length of face ; mesonotum with the disk longitudinally raised, 
flattened and tricarinate ; posterior tibiaj not spined ; face slightly 
projecting before eyes. 

Length excl. tegni. 5 millim. 

Hah. Ceylon ; Xamunukuli (A'. E. Green). 



Genus CARISTIANUS, nov. 

Type, C. indicHs, Dist. 

Distribution. Ceylon, India. 

Head uarrower thau the prouotum, the vertex i)rojecting before 
the eyes, moderately concave, centrally and laterally ridged, 
apex subtruncate, a little emarginate ; face longer than broad, 
narrowed anteriorly, broadened before clypeus, the lateral niargins 
convex, with a strong central longitudinal ridge ; clypeus more than 
half as long as face, the lateral margins carinate, centrally longi- 
tudinally carinate ; pronotum shorter than vertex, angularly 
emarginate at base, centrally carinate ; mesonotum considerably 
longer than vertex and pronotum together, centrally tricarinate ; 
legs slender, posterior tarsi with the basal joint elongate ; tegniina 
about three times as long as breadth at base, distinctly ampliated 
behind the clavus, costal membrane without transverse veins, 
apical cells five or six in number ; wings shorter and considerably 
broader thau tegiuina, two distinct transverse veins on apical 
area. 



3218. Caristianus indicus, sp. n. 

Head and thorax above brownish ochraceous, lateral areas of 
pro- and mesonota dark castaneous ; abdomen above fuscous 




Fisr. 48. — Caristiani/s indkui' 



brown, the segmental margins pale ochraceous ; head beneath 
and sternum piceous, lateral margins of the face spotted with 



04 APPENDIX. — FULGORID.T. 

greyish white, the anterior margin of a simihir colour ; tegmina 
fuscous brown, rather more than the costal membrane creamy- 
white, some spots of the sauie colour on claval margin, tlie apical 
cells also banded with greyish white, and two small spots before 
apical area; wings fuliginous; structural characters as in generic 
diagnosis. 

Length exel. tegm. 3 ; exp. tegm. 7 millim. 

Hah. Ceylon ; Peradeuiya {Green). Sikkim ; Sukna, 500 ft. 
{Aanandale). 



Subfamily DERBIN^. (Vol. Ill, p. .295.) 

Genus PHENICE. (Vol. Ill, p. 296.) 

Sardis. A7/7.-. Eep. Eip- ''^tai- //"«'• I'icoit. Assoc, pt. i.x, p. 426 
(1906). 

Phe>-ice mcesta. (Vol. Ill, p. 290, fig. 142.) 
Add : Hah. Bengal ; Pusa. 



3219. Phenice pallata, Uisf. A. M. N. H. (8) viii, p. 039 (1911). 

Head and thorax above piceous, pronotum black ; body beneath 
black ; metasternum and legs stramineous ; coxae piceous ; ab- 
domen above black, spotted with ochraceous ; tegmina dark 
fuscous, the costal area white, with large dark fuscous spots, 
the second from base largest and longitudinal, the others 
transverse, the inner area broadly and irregularly white, the 
fuscous extending through it to inner margin near base and 
before middle, two white spots on apical margin, the lowermost 
laro-e, the upper one small, the apices of the veins on inner 
maro-in are fuscous ; wings fuliginous, with the veins fuscous, 
the posterior marginal area suffused with white ; antennae 
ochraceous. 

Length excl. tegm. 3; exp. tegm. 19 millim. 

Hah. United Provinces ; Ivumaon District. 

Allied to P. ma'sta, Westw., but larger, markings of tegmina 
different, &c. 

3220. Phenice ferruginea, Dist. A. 31. K. II. {S) viii, p. 639 (1911). 

Vertex of head and pronotum sordidly greyish; mesonotum 
fuscous brown, with the lateral and basal margins (the latter 
broadlv), a central straight longitudinal carinatiou, and a 
broader waved longitudinal fascia on each lateral area sordidly 
o-reyish or very pale virescent ; abdomen above fuscous brown, 
the segmental margins black, with greyish spots ; head beneath. 



ZORAIDA. 65 

sternum, and legs ocbraceous ; abdomen beneath transversely 
fuscous and ocbraceous ; tegmina fuliginous, with tbe veins 
ferruginous, costal membrane with a distinct series of sordidly 
greyish spots, some more indistinct spots of the same colour 
on basal area, and three or four short greyish-white lines at 
apex, beyond the apex of costal membrane three or four short, 
transverse, feiTuginous, waved, linear spots, and the whole area 
of the tegmen more or less obscurely mottled with greyish ; 
wings fuliginous, the veins ferruginous ; vertex rather broader 
than in most species of the genus and distinctly longitudinally 
grooved ; second joint of antennae not reaching apex of head : 
face rounded, narrow, not aiigularl}', laminately projecting ; 
clypeus a little longer than face ; abdomen above with a strong 
central longitudinal ridge ; seutellum centrally longitudinally 
compressed. 

Length excl. tegm. 4-5 ; exp. tegm. 20-23 millim. 

Hab. Travancore ; Maddathoray and near Trivatidrum (Annan- 
dale). 

Allied to P. svperha, Dist. 



Genus ZORAIDA. (Vol. III. p. 300.) 

3221. Zoraida fletcheri, n. nom. 

Zoraida variipennis, Dist. A. M. X. II. (8) viii, p. 640 (1011) 
(nom. prfeocc). 

Body above shining fuscous brown ; pronotum pitchy black ; 
abdomen somewhat largely spotted with ocbraceous ; second 
joint of antennae ocbraceous, with its apex black ; body beneath 
and legs pale bright ocbraceous ; tegmina hyaline, the veins 




-.^^ 



Fig. id. —Zornida Jlufcluri. 

more or less ferruginous, costal membrane at extreme base and 
beyond middle to apex purplish red, with minute black spots, 
basal area, an irregular transverse central fascia, and a transverse 
fascia near apex dark fuliginous ; wings hyaline, with the veins 
pale sanguineous ; second joint of antennae only a little shorter 
than head and thorax together; vertex narrow, somewhat tri- 

YOL. YI. F 



66 APPENDIX. — FULGOMD.T-. 

angulai*; mesonotum obsoletely ti-icariuate ; abdomen with a 
central longitudinal ridge. 

Length excl. tegin. 3| ; esp. tegm. 22 millim. 

Hah. Ceylon; Madulsima (T. iJawiftr/r/r/e Fletcher). 

3222. Zoraida spectra, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) viii, p. 640 (1911). 

Body pale ochraceoiis ; legs stramineous ; eyes black ; tegmina 
and wiags Iwaline, the venation a little darker ; second joint 
of anteunte pale ochraceous, about as long as head and thorax 
together ; vertex very narrow ; face very narrow, prominently 
longitudinally ridged ; clypeus slightly longer than face ; meso- 
notum obscurely tricarinare ; posterior tibite distinctly spined 
beyond middle ; tegmina about thx*ee times as long as greatest 
breadth, the apical margin subtruncate, the inner margin slightly 
dilated beyond clavus ; wings short, extending a little beyond the 
clavus of tegmen. 

Length excl. tegm. 3; exp. tegm. IS millim. 

Hab. N.W. India (Brit. Mus.). 

Allied to Z. <jih<a, Dist., from Ceylon, but a smaller species, 
the tegmina less broadened, the venation darker, the apical veins 
also quite different, being much more strongly oblique in (/ilva 
than in spectra. 

3223. Zoraida histrionica, Dist. A. M. N. II. (8) xiii, p. 417 (1914). 

Vertex and pronotum pale ochraceous, the latter with two 
central oblique black lines : mesonotum pale brownish, with 
narrow margins and fasciate carinal markings pale ochraceous ; 
scutellnm purplish brown, with a central longitudinal greyish 
line; abdomen ochraceous, above tiiickly mottled with castaneous, 
beneath more or less broadly segmentally fasciated with tliat 
colour; sternum and legs ochraceous; tegmina hyaline, tlie 
venation fuscous, costal area flavesceut, containing a piceous 
spot beyond middle and another near apex, apical margin nar- 
rowly piceous, and with a piceous spot at apex of clavus ; wings 
slightly tinted witli ochraceous ; second joint of antennae ochra- 
ceous, its apex testaceous, considerably larger than head and 
pronotum together; vertex triangular, slightly projecting beyond 
eyes ; wings very small, about as long as apical margin of 
tegmina ; face narrow, about as long as clypeus. 

Length excl. tegm. 5; exp. tegm. 25 millim. 

Hah. East Himalayas {Brit. Mus.). 

This species is allied to Z. epliemeralis. Walk., from the Papuan 
Islands. 

Genus ZORAIDOIDES. 

Zoraidoides, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) xiii, p. 418 (1014). 
Type, Z. malaharensis, Dist. 
Distrihution. British India. 
Head much narrower than pronotum, vertex narrow, its lateral 



ZORAIDOIDES. 



67 



margins prominently ridged, their apices subacute ; eyes large, 
obliquely directed along tlie lateral margins of the pronotum ; 
face long, narrow, tlie lateral margins strongly ridged and slightly 
undulate, divergent before the clypeus, which is tricarinate and 
only slightly shorter than the face ; antennae with the second joint 
long, longer than the head and pronotum together; pronotum 
short, centrally tricarinate, the lateral areas extending backwardly 
and obliquely over the lateral margins of the mesonotum, its 
margins ridged ; mesonotum obscurely tricarinate ; abdomen short 
and robust ; legs slender, posterior tibiae with a distinct spine ; 
tegmina elongate, more than three times as long as broad, their 
apices subtruncate, five costal areas, four central basal areas, a 
series of twelve areas from apex to posterior inner margin, and 
two central subapical areas (the outermost small) beneath the fifth 
costal area; wings very short, somewhat imperfect in the unique 
typical specimen. 

3224. Zoraidoides malabarensis, Dist. A. M. N. II. (S) xiii, p. 418 
(1914). 

Eody castaneous ; eyes black ; central carinations to mesonotum 
and macular markings to pronotum pale ochraceous ; face pale 
•ochraceous, spotted with castaneous; second joint of antennas 




Fisr. 50. — Zoraidoides malahurensis. 



dull ochraceous, its apex pale testaceous ; legs greyish white ; 
tegmina and wings hyaline, the first with the costal marginal 
area ochraceous, excepting above the first and second costal 
areas, where it is hyaline, veins obscure ochraceous ; wings with 
the veins brownish-ochraceous ; structural characters as in generic 
diagnosis. 

Length excl. tegm. 5 ; exp. tegm. 26 millim. 

Hah. Malabar; Taliparamba(r. Bainhri(/(je hhtcher., Brit. Mas.). 

This specimen was found on " Pepper." 

f2 



68 APPENDIX. — FULGORID.B. 



Genus DIOSTROMBUS to replace Drona. (Vol. Ill, p. 305.) 

Diostrombus, TThler, Proc. Kat.Mus. T^.-S'. 1896, p. 283 ; Mnii;BulL 

Exp. Stat. Haw. Plant. Assoc, xii, 1913, p. 80. 
Drona, Dist. Faun. Brit. Lid., Rhynch. iii, p. 305 (190G). 

Mr. Muir {supra) has recently examined a cotjpe of Uhler':^ 
genus contained in the National Museum, Washington, and 
states that he cannot separate it from the genus I proposed 
under tlie name of Drona. Diostrombus was proposed for a 
Japanese species, and that must be accepted as the type. 

Type, D. politus, Uhler. 

The distribution now extends over the Oriental and Ethiopian 
Eegions, and also includes Japan. 

Diostrombus carxosus. 
Drona carnosa (vol. iii, p. 305, fig. 14G). 

Add : Hah. Bengal ; Shripur, Chapra (Mad-enzie), Nagpur 
(Govt. Farm, R. E. A'.), Monghyr {Jenl-ins, Lid. J/ks.), United 
Provinces ; Allahabad (B. Lord, Lid. 2h(s.). Sikkim ; Sukna, 
500 feet (N. Annandale, Lid. Mvs.). 

At Nagpur this species was found on maize. 

DlOSTRO^IBUS PENNATUS. 

Drona peunata, List. (vol. iii, p. 30(5). 

Diostrombus peimatus, Midr, Bull. Exp. Stat. Haiv. Plant. Assoc. 
xii, 1913, p. 80. 

Add : Hah. Java {]\Ldr). 

Genus ROBIGUS 
Eobigiis, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) viii, p. G41 (1911). 

Type, B. sanrjuineus, Dist. 

Distribution. Ceylon. 

Head narrow, vertex strongly projecting in front of eyes, 
a little broadened anteriorly, the lateral margins distinctly acutely 
raised, the apical angles slightly prominent ; face long and narrow, 
the lateral margins distinctly raised, longer than clypeus which is 
centrally ridged ; pronotum narrow, tiie lateral margins ampliated 
and distinctly foruardly produced on each side of eyes ; mesonotum 
tricarinate ; abdomen with the segmental incisures profound, above 
with the apical area narrowed and angulated ; legs of moderate 
length, posterior tibia) not spined ; tegmina more than three times 
as long as broad, with distinct series of apical and subapical cells, 
two longitudinal cells at end of radial area, and above these the 
contour of the costal margin is distinctly broken by an irregular, 
raised, longitudinal, cellular interspace ; the tegminal apices are 



DAAVXARIA. 



69 



sliglitly narrowed Jiud rounded ; wings shorter and a little broader 
than tegmina, the venation complicated by the vein at end of 
radial area being concavely sinuated and bifurcating at about 
half ils length, forming a marginal cell, before apex a transverse 
vein detiuing three apical cells. 

A genus to be placed near luteramma. Walk. 

3225. Robigus sanguineus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) viii, p. 641 (1911). 

Body and legs sanguineous, mottled with ochraceous, the tibiae 
and tarsi ochraceous, the apical area of the abdomen above 
(excluding apex) pitchy-black ; tegmina ochraceous, much suif used 
with sangineoiis, the latter coloration more prominent on the 




Fig. 51. — JuJiiijiis M'liciuineus. 

costal and apical areas and in some macular markiugs on disk, on 
apical margin two or three rather obscure greyish spots ; \Aiugs 
sanguineous, with their extreme bases ochraceous. 

Length excl. tegm. 3 ; exp. tegm. 14:h millim. 

Hah. Ceylon ; Kaudy (^Green). 

Mr. E. E. Green sent me a single example of this beautiful and 
distinct genus and species. 



Genus DAWNARIA. 
Dawnaria, Did. A. M. N. H. (8) viii, p. 642 (1911). 

Type, D. atrotermiaata, Dist. 

Distrihv,tion. Burma. 

Head short, the vertex narrow, continued moderately in front 
of eyes, its apical angles slightly prominent; face long and 
narrow, about equal in length to clypeus; antennae with the 
second joint prominent, scarcely shorter than head ; pronotum 
narrow, slightly widened towards the lateral angles ; mesonotum 
tricarinate, but the central cariiiation very indistinct ; abdomen 
short and broad, above centrally ridged, little angulated on each 
side before apex ; legs of moderate length, posterior tibia} not 
spined ; tegmina more than three times as long as broad, narrow, 
but gradually widening from base to apex, which is obtusely 
angularly rounded ; the veins mostly longitudinal, but furcating on 
apical area, form a cluster of apical cells, and a longer cell on 



70 



APPEXDIX. — rULGO:RID.T:. 



apical margin ; wings very long, about as broad but onl}- a little- 
shorter than tegmina, two transverse veins on upper disk beyond 
middle, and a single apical cell. 

3226. Dawnaria atroterminata, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) viii, p. G42 
(1011). 

Body above oehraceous ; a central line on disk and apical 
margins of abdomen above black ; body beneath and legs very pale 
oehraceous ; tegmina tawny brown, with three broken transverse 
greyish-white fasciae — the first near base, broken in the middle^ 




Dau-naria atroterminata. 



the second near middle, dislocated near costal margin, the third 
near apex, short and discal, costal area greyish white M'ith longi- 
tudinal dark tawny spots, a dark somewhat rounded spot near 
apex ; A\iiigs hyaline, reflecting opaline lustre. 

Lengtli excl. tegni. 2; exp. tegin, 11 millim. 

Hah. Lower Burma ; Dawna Hills. 



Genus KERMESIA. (Vol. Ill, p. 808.) 

Kermesia albida. (Vol. Ill, p. 308, fig. 149.) 

Add : Hah. Ti-avancore : Kulittupuzhi ; west base of AV. Ghats 
{AnnandaJe, Ind. Mas.). 

Hitlierto only recorded from Ceylon. 

3227. Kermesia nigropunctata, sp. u. 

Vertex of head very pale oehraceous, a little darker centrally ;. 
pronotum very pale oehraceous with two small dark central 




Fig. 53. — Krrmrsia vigropuiict((la. 
spots, the lateral areas also broadly dark castaueous ; mesonotum 



NISIA. 71 

castaneous, a central longitudinal fascia, a sinuate fascia on each 
side, and the posterior margin pale ochraceous ; abdomen above 
oeln\iceous, the basal area more or less greyishly touientose, th(^ 
apical area dark fuscous ; body beneath imperfectly seen in 
unique carded specimen ; legs pale ochraceous, apices of the tarsi 
black ; tegmina very pale brownish-ocliraceous, the veins mostly 
broadly greyish wliite, with many fuscous shadings and spots 
(as shown in tbe figure), the most prominent being a waved black 
fascia in the claval area ; vertex of head prominently angulate on 
each side ; face pale ochraceous, the lateral margins strongly 
carinate, the cheeks pale castaneous. 

Length excl. tegm. 4; exp. tegm. 12 millim. 

Hah. South India; Kodaikanal (7'. V. Camphell). 

Allied to K. maculata, Melich., from Java. 



Genus NISIA. (Vol. HI, p. 309.) 

The position of this genus is somewhat uncertain. I follow 
Melichar in placing it in the Derbinae, though of course its 
aberrant structure among the Derbids cannot be overlooked. 
Muir (Bull. E. S. H. P. xii, p. 29, 1913) writes of Msia and two 
other genera: "I exclude them from the family Derbidoe but, 
inconsistently, have included them in this Bulletin because several 
of our greatest authorities on Homoi)tera have considered them as 
Derbids."' Muir seems inclined to the view that Kisia belongs to 
the Cixiinw. Matsumura (Ann. Mus. Nat. Hung, xii, p. 287, 
1914) places the genus in the Achilin*. 

Under these circumslances I leave JSlsia among the Derbids, a 
position which perhaps does not seem congenial, and from which 
it will probably be ultimately transferred. 

JSTlSIA ATROVENOSA. (Vol. Ill, p. 309, fig. 150.) 

Add: Ilab. Bengal; Chapra(ilirtf7i-enri(?), Sonadigee and Sorab- 
katti, Ganges Delta (at light, Jenlins), Kushtea (JenHns). 
Madhupur (Paiva, lud. Mtts.). Lake Chilka, N.E. Madras (Annan- 
dale, Ind. Mvs.). S. India; Kodaikanal {T. V. Camphell). 

This species has now also been received from the Seyehelle 
Islands. 



3228. Nisia campbelli, sp. n. 

Greyish white ; vertex and pronotum somewhat stramineous ; 
mesonotum shining black, the lateral margins and central cari- 
nation stramineous ; body beneath ]iale ochraceous, abdomen and 
sterinnn more or less fuscous brown ; tegmina greyish white, costal, 
apical, and inner margins — to about apex of clavus — narrowly 
dark fuscous ; mesonotum globose, strongly centrally carinate ; 
apical areas to tegmina five in number ; face longer than broad. 



72 



APPENDIX. FULGOPID."E. 



laterally strougly ridged and centrally more finely cariuate ; legs 
pale stramineous. 

Length excl. tegm. 2 ; exp. tegm. 8 millim. 

llab. South India; Chikkaballapura {T. V. Campbell). 

A single specimen of this remarkably distinct species has been 
received. 

Genus PHACONEURA. 

Phacoiieura, Kirk. Bull. Exp. Stat. Han:. Plant. Assoc, no. 1, p. 427 
(1906) *. 

Type, P. frocjgatti. Kirk., from Australia. 

Distribution. Ceylon ; Australia. 

"Differs from Nisia by the head being strongly carinate longi- 
tudinally in the middle, and by the lateral margins being less 
elevated above the disk " (KirJcahh/). 

This must be taken as an Australian genus represented in 
Ceylon. 

3229. Phaconeura fletcheri, Kirk: Aim. Soe. Ent. Belg. 1908, p. 13. 

T have obtained a drawing of this species which is, to me, 
otherwise unknown. I give Kirkaldy's description: — 

" Differs from P. frofjgatti t by the claval veins being united 
about the middle of the clavus instead of near the apex ; also it is 




Ficr. 54. — I'haconcura jJctvhcri. 



not the exterior, but the interior vein of the clavus which is 
granulate, and that much more widely. 

" Yellowish-testaceous, the disk of pronotum browner. Teginina 
smoky, Avith well marked white veins, which are mostly margined 



* It is necessary to point out that Kirkaldy in his short description of bis 
typical species of this genus, i-ei'ers to his ]A. xxix, figs. 5, 6. It sliould how- 
eTer be, as later correctly stated in the " Description of Plates," pi. xxix, 
figs. 3, 4. 

t An Australian species. 



SUMA>'GALA, 73 

with fuscous, apically somew liat suffusely. AVings pale smoky, 
veins fuscous. Abdomen dorsally partly dark fuscous." 

Length 4.4 millim. 

ITah. Ceylon ; Trincomali {T. Bainhrigtje FletcJier). 

Genus SUMANGALA. 
Sumangala, Dist. A. M. N. II. (8) viii, p. 042 (1911). 

Type, S. dellcatula, Dist. 

Distribution. Ceylon. 

Head rather long, narrow, vertex distinctly projecting beyond 
the eyes ; face compressed, rounded from vertex, long and narrow, 
longer than the clypeus ; pronotum very short, the lateral areas 
dilated and subangularly produced transversely and a little 
forwardly ; mesonotum broad, broader than long, the lateral 
margins rounded ; anal appendages bilobate ; tegmina about twice 
as long as greatest width, much narrower at base than at apex, 
costal margin rounded, costal membrane broad, with three trans- 
verse veins, sometimes placed near apex or sometimes one near 
middle, the other two near apex, about eight apical areas, the 
ulnar area immediately below radial area very long, radial area 
narrow ; wings a little narrower and shorter than tegmina, radial 
area apically broadened, three apical areas, apex of radial area 
well detined by obliquely transverse veins. 

By the venation of the tegmina this genus is allied to Kennesia, 
Melich., by the structure of the face it is more allied to IlJiotana^ 
Walk. 

3230. Sumangala delicatula, Dist. A. M. X. II. (S) viii, p. G43 
(1911). 

Body and legs pale ocluvaceous ; the compressed margin of face 
and the sublateral margins to pronotum more or less sanguineous ; 
tegmina creamy-white, subhyaliue, the veins mostly very pale 
fuscous, on the apical area some of the veins are infuscated, the 




Sumaiif/ala dcUvatula. 



most prominent of these fuscous markings being at the apex of 
clavus and continued along the apices of the two cells above it, 
and a curved line reaching costal margin a little before apex, some 
of the longitudinal veins defining the lower apical areas bear a 



74 



APPENDIX. — FDLGORIDiE. 



small pale fuscous spot ; wings creamy-wliite, subhyaline, tlie 
Aeius almost concolorous. 

Length excl. tegm. 2 mm.; exp. tegm. 9 millim. 

Hah. Ceylon ; Nuwara Eliya, Pattipola (Green). 

Genus ALARA. 
Alara, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) p. 043 (1911). 

Type, A. dux, Dist. 

Disiribntion. Ce_vlon . 

Vertex of head very narrow, slightly projecting beyond eyes ; 
face long, narrow, a little widened before clypeus, \a hich is long, 
broad, finely carinate centrally and laterally ; antennae short, in- 
serted near base of clypeus, second joint very robust ; pronotum 
narrow, triangularly anteriorly produced, the lateral areas mode- 
rately foliaceously ampliate ; mesonotum broad ; legs long and 
slender ; tegmina short, broad, costal margin rounded, narrowed 
and sinuate at base, costal area broad with a few transverse veins, 
apical areas numerous and short, a subapical series of transverse 
discontinuous veins, two transverse discal veins a little beyond 
base ; wings a little narrower and shoi'ter than tegmina. 

Alara in this enumeration may be also placed among the genera 
near Kermesia, Melicli, 

3231. Alara dux, Dist. A. M.N. H. (8) viii, p. 643 (1911). 

Body and legs ochraceous ; anterior femora and apical area of 
abdomen castaneous ; tegmina subhvaline, talc-like, suffused with 




FiiT. 5G. 



pale fuscous, which is broken on costal and apical areas and also 
near end of clavus, extreme costal margin in places carmine-red ; 
wings creamy-white. 

Length excl. tegm. 2 ; exp. tegm. 9 millim. 

Hah. Ceylon; Maskeliya, Kandy (&Vfen). 



KAMENUAK.V. — PEUAXDEXINA. 75 

Genus KAMENDAKA. (Vol. Ill, p. 310.) 
Nicertoides, Matstnn. Mini. Soc. Ent. BeUj. xviii, p. 133 (1911). 

IVIi". Frederick Muir, \\\\o has published the results of his special 
study of the Derhiiw, while recently in .Ta])an examined the types 
of the genera proposed by Prof. Matsunuira. He sent nie a 
cotype of N. saccharivora, Mats., by w liich I am enabled to 
synonj'mise Nicertoides with Kamenxlaha. 

The genus has now been found to have a wide range. Muir 
has described species from the Malayan Archipelago and Australia^ 
and Matsumura others from Formosa. 

Kamexdaka spectra. (Vol. Ill, p. 311, fig. 151.) 

Add: Hah. E. Himalayas; Kurseong, 5000 ft. {L>/uch, Lid, 

Genus PERANDENINA. 

Peraurlenina, Di'sf. A. M. X. H. (8; viii, p. 041 (liUl). 

Type, P. t>/pica, Dist. 

Distribution. India, Ceylon. 

Head (including eyes) considerably narrower than pronotum ; 
vertex projecting beyond the eyes, somewhat fiat, its apex trun- 
cate, its base concavely emarginate ; face narrow^ tlie lateral 
margins very strongly ridged, from behind eyes gradually narrowed 
to clypeus, which is moderately convex and centrally longitudinally 
ridged ; pronotum narrow, widened at its lateral areas, the 
posterior margins of which are more or less obliquely truncate, 
the base strongly concavely emarginate ; mesonotum large, four 
times as long as pronotum, rather obsoletely tricarinate on vertex ; 
legs of moderate length, posterior tibia) not spined, basal joint of 
posterior tarsi elongate ; tegmina elongate, about four times as 
long as broad, the margins parallel, costal margin distinctly sinuate 
near base, apical margin truncately rounded, veins longitudinal, 
costal membrane not transversely veined, about seven short apical 
areas, the uppermost immediately preceded by two short and 
broad cells, two distinct elongate basal cells, followed by four 
elongate subapical cells ; wings ample, considerably broader and 
only moderately shorter than tegmina ; rostrum short, robust, the 
apical joint minute. 

Allied to Kamcndak-a, Dist. 

3232. Perandenina typica, Dist. A.M. X. H. (8) vlii, p. 644 (1911). 

Vertex of head, mesonotum, body beneath, and legs bright 
ochraceous ; pronotum and sometimes vertex of head distinctly 



76 



APPKXUIX, — FULGORTD-T::. 



paler ; eyes black ; teguiina and \\ings cretaceous white, moderately 
tomentose, the upper and apical areas of the latter with opaline 
lustre ; otlier cliaracters as in generic diagnosis. 
Length excl. tegm. 3 ; exp. tegin. 12 niillim. 




Fig. iiT. — I'crniKJciiiiia fi/'pica. 

Huh. Ceylon ; Peradeniya (Green). Kuiuaou ; Bhim Tal, 
4500 feet (Annandcdc). 



Genus CHAPEINA. 
Chaprina, Dkt. A. M. X. H. (8) viii, p. (344 (1911). 

Type, 6'. nlgromaculata, Dist, 

Dtstrihution. Bengal, Ceylon. 

Head (including eyes) very much narrower than prouotum ; 
vertex prolonged in front of eyes, its lateral mai'gins ridged, its 
apex angulated ; face long and narrow, the lateral margins very 
strongly ridged, slightly widened before clypeus, which is shorter 
than the face and with its margins strongly ridged ; prouotum 
very short, especially behind liead, the lateral areas angidarly 
dilated ; mesonotum finely tricai-inate ; legs of moderate length, 
posterior tibiae not spined ; tegmina about three times as long as 
broad, a little widened apically, the costal and inner margins 
nearly parallel, the apical margin a little rounded and sinuate, a 
series of short irregular apical cells continued round the apex of 
costal area, on lower portion of which near apex is a short narrow 
longitudinal cell ; wings broader and a little shorter than the 
tegmina, the radial area long. 



8233. Chaprina nlgromaculata, Dist. 

(I'.ili). 



A.M. N. II. (8) viii, p. 645 



Head, prouotum, and mesonotum ochraceous, more or less 
greyishly tomentose ; abdomen above fuscous, a greyish white 
transverse fascia near base, the apical area ochraceous, with 
transverse black spots; head beneath, sternum, and legs more 
or less ochraceous ; abdomen beneath castaneous brown, its apex 



TAPOOkSA. 



77 



ochr.iceoLis ; teginiiia creamy-white, with waved irregular ochra- 
ceous markings, tlie.se principally consist of some obliquely trans- 
verse lines ill costal area, a subtriangular fascia near base continued 




Fig. 58. — Chaprina nigromaciilala. 

from about end of clavus to the submarginal area, where it more 
or less encloses some pale spots, at the apex three distinct black 
spots ; wings pale creamy-white, the veins pale fuscous. 

Length excl. tegm. 34 ; exp. tegm. 12 milliin. 

Hah. Bengal ; Cliapra {Macl-mzie), Pusa (found on grass). 

3234. Chaprina vittata, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) viii, p. tU-') (1911 ). 

Body and legs stramineous ; vertex and pronotum greyish 
white ; tegmina creamy-white, with irregular ochraceous mark- 
ings, these are maculate and consist of an elongate spot occupying 
nearly basal half of clavus, another at and rising above claval 
apex, two in radial area (one at base, the other at apex), one 
at end of cell beyond radial area, two, almost united, beneath 
the base of this cell, and some marginal irregular spots of the 
same colour, a few small dark spots on disk, and at the apex two 
short dark longitudinal vitta?, with a small dark spot above and 
below them ; wings pale creamy-white. 

Length excl. tegm. 3; exp. tegm. 10-11 millim. 

Hah. Bengal; C\ii\\n-i\ {Mackenzie). Ceylon; Hakgala (Crj^en). 



Genus TAPOOSA. 
Tapoosa, Dist. A. 31. N. H. (S) viii, p. 640 (1011). 

Type, T. maskelii/o', Dist. 

Distribntion . Ceylon . 

Yextex of head projecting beyond the eyes, with a short acute 
spine on each side at apex, recurved, narrow , the latei-al margins 
ridged, angularly widened between the eyes ; face long, narrou', 
behind the eyes widened outwardly and then inwardlv to cly])eus, 
whicli is very short ; antenna3 inserted beneath the eves, second 



78 



APPENDIX. — rULGORIB.?:. 



joint moderately sliort and thick ; pronotum short, angularly 
directed anteriorly, lateral margins not t'oliaceous ; niesonotum 
broad, tricarinate ; legs long and slender ; tegmina somewhat 
narrow, their apices subangularly rounded, apical areas numerous, 
short, ill-detined, and continued round apices of costal and inner 
margins, an irregular series of transverse and discontinuous veins 
beyond middle, costal area broud ; wings a little shorter and 
broader than tegmina. 

Allied to Kameadaka, Dist. The Australian genus Malcula, 
Dist., also belongs to this group of genera. 

■3235. Tapoosa maskeliyae, JjUt. A. M. X. 11. (8) viil, p, 646 (1911). 

Body and legs very pale tawny ; mesonotum with the carina- 
lions fuscous ; two fuscous lines on each side of the laterally 
compressed heatl, radiating from eye to margin ; clypeus, disk of 
sternum, and femora black ; tegmina subhyaline, talc-like, apical 




Fig. 59, — Tajioofici riun^kelit/ie. 

veins more or less sanguineous, apical areas with fuscous streaks, 
the whole remaining di.-k suffused with pale fuscous, excluding 
some pale spots in costal area, basal area, and clavus ; wings pale 
hyaline with an opaline lustre, the veins on costal area fuscous. 

Length e.xcl. tegm. 3| ; exp. tegm. 13 millim. 

Hab. Ceylon ; Maskeliya {Green). 



323G. Tapoosa maculosa, I)ht. A. M. X. H. (8) viii, p. 646 (1911). 

Head very pale ochraceous ; pronotum greyish white; meso- 
notum i^ale ochraceous; abdomen above and body beneath and 
legs pale ochraceous ; tegmina pale creamy-white, the veins and 
scattered suffusions pale ochraceous, a small spot near middle of 
costal membrane, another at base of radial area, a series on inner 
margin, and some still smaller spots on apical margin fuscous or 
piceous ; wings pale creamy-white ; a central ridge and the apex 



riiEA. 79 

of abdomen above distinctly paler ; face a little less dilated than 
in iiiaskcVuia' and elegantaJa. 

Length excl. tegni. 3; exp. tcgiii. 1:3 millini. 

Hah. Ceylon ; Slaskeliya. 



3237. Tapoosa elegantula, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) viii, p. 647 (1911). 

Head creamy-white, central base foveately ochraceous, lateral 
margins of the face greyish white, with transverse fuscous lines ; 
pro- and mesonotn ochraceous, the former with a subhiteral black 
fascia behind eyes, the latter with the margins more or less irregu- 
larly black ; abdomen above and body beneath and legs pale 
ochraceous ; tegmina creamy-white, a black spot near middle of 
costal membrane, the remainder of this area to near apex dull 
ochraceous, with a minute black spot beyond middle of costal 
margin, the apex creamy-wliite with minute black spots, and with 
a short, broad, central, sanguineous, fasciate spot containing two 
small rounded and two linear black spots ; beneath radial area are 
two ochraceous spots margined with fuscous, the first basal, the 
second near middle, and beyond the latter on posterior marginal 
area a series of waved blackish lines ; wings creamy-wliite ; 
abdomen strongly constricted before apex. 

Length excl. tegm. 2^-^ exp. tegm. 10 millim. 

Hah. Ceylon ; Peradeniya (Green). 

From fronds of palm-trees (/i". E. Green). 



Genus PHRA. 
rhra, Dist. A. M. X. H. (8) viii. p. 647 (1911). 

Type, P. ampUJicafa, Dist. 

Distribution. N.AV. India, Ceylon. 

Vertex of head moderately broad and triangular, distinctly pro- 
jecting in front of eyes, the lateral margins strongly ridged ; face 
very long and narrow, broadest at base, lateral margins strongly 
ridged ; clypeus short, broad, obscurely ridged ; antennse inserted 
bt-neath eyes, short, robust; pronotum short, subtrianguJarly pro- 
xluced anteriorly, the lateral areas acutely foliaceous ; mesonotum 
broad and long ; legs long and slender; tegmina widening towards 
apices, which are subtruncate, costal area broad, with two or three 
indistinct transverse veins beyond middle, apical areas numerous, 
short, extending from posterior angle of inner margin to apex of 
costal margin, only one subapical series of transverse veins ; wings 
about two-thirds the length of tegmina, four discal transverse 
veins beyond middle. 

Phra in the Indian fauna must be placed near KamendaJca. 
It is moi-e closely allied to the Australian genus Heronax, Kirk. 



80 



APPENDIX. — FULGOKID.Ti. 



3238. Phra amplificata, Dist. A. 31. K H. (8) viii, p. 648 (1911). 

Head, pronotum, body beneatli, and legs pale ocliraceous ; eyes 
black, -with golden iridescence ; mesonotum with four castaneoiis 
fasciae, two central and contiguous, and one near each lateral 
margin ; teguiina subbyaline, talc-like, pale fuscous streaks in 
costal and apical areas, many of the diseal veins suffused with 




Fig. GO. — I'hrn auipiifiea/a. 

fuscous and more prominent suffusions in radial area and on 
inner margin ; wings byaline, with an opalescent lustre, the veins 
a little darker. 

Length excl. tegm. 3 to 4; exp. tegm. 17 to IS millim. 

Hah. Ceylon ; Maskeliya (Green). 

3239. Phra atromaculata, Disf. A. 31. K. H. (8) viii, p. G4S (1911). 

Body above, head beneath, sternum, and legs dull brownish 
ochraceous, the abdomen with the posterior segmental margins 
greyish white ; abdomen beneath dull stramineous, with lateral 
marginal fuscous spots and t<he posterior segmental margins 
greyish white ; tegmina dull greyish white, talc-like, the veins 
prominent and beyond basal area paler and more creamy-white 
in colour, with small scattered black spots, two in posterior lialf 
of costal membrane, two in radial area, one beneath radial area, 
and another (larger) near claval apex, on apical half of disk three 
or four spots arranged longitudinally ; Avings creamy- white. 

Length excl. tegm. 4; exp. tegm. 13 millim. 

Hah. N.W. India. 



3240. Phra pictipennis, Dist. A. 31. N. H. (8) xiii, p. 4i'0 (1914). 

Body above pale tawny-brown; mesonotum with two central 
linear fascia) and a large spot on each lateral area dull castaneous 
brown, margins narrowly greyish white ; body beneath and legs 



ARCHA. 81 

pale ochrnceous, base of iibdoiiien black where the segmental 
margins are gro^yish white; tegmiiia pale, creamy semiliyaline, much 
mottled with very pale fuscous, three or four linear longitudinal 
black spots in costal area, apical veins more or less suffused with 
blackish, three rounded black spots ou basal tliird and three 
blackish spots on inner margin ; wings white, semihyaline, the 
veins darker. 

Allied to P. ampUJicata , Dist., from Ceylon, but with tlie vertex 
of head slightly shorter and considerably more concave ; the am- 
plified mesonotal margins much broader and less spinous, markings 
of the tegmina distinct, &c. 

Length excl. tegm. 85 ; exp. tegm, 18 millim. 

Hah. U. P. Brit. India, Baiikatti (A. D. Jmms, Brit. 3Ius.). 

" Under bark and in rotten wood of standinjr Sal." 



Genus AECHA. 
Archa, Dist. A. 31. N. II. (8) viii, p. 648 (1911). 

Type, A. typica, Dist. 

Distrihution. Ceylon. 

Vertex of head long and narrow, projecting considerably beyond 
eyes, moderately widened posteriorly, notched at apex, the lateral 
margins strongly ridged ; face long and narrow, the lateral mar- 
gins ridged, a little ampliated. before clypeus, which is centrally 
ridged and much shorter than face ; autennoe inserted just before 
base of clypeus, long, second joint very robust ; rostrum reaching 
the posterior coxce, apical joint of moderate length ; legs mode- 
rately long and slender : pronotum sliort, angularly sinuate, its 
lateral margins foliaceoi:sly produced, its posterior margin ridged; 
mesonotum long, somewhat obscurely tricarinate ; tegmina narrow 
at base, broadened towards apices, apical areas numerous, short, 
extending from posterior angle of inner margin to apex of costal 
margin ; costal area wide, without transverse veins, costal margin 
siuuate a little beyond base. 

By the strongly developed, antenna) Archa, in this fauna, is 
allied to Vhiata and Devadanda, and by the structure of the 
autenusB more to Vinata; the position of their insertion, the 
structure of the face, and the single series of transverse veins 
to the apical areas of the tegmina will, however, prevent any con- 
fusion. It is more nearly allied to the Australian genus Xtiranda, 
Dist. 

3241. Archa typica, Dist. A. M. A. II. (8) viii, p. 649 (1911). 

Head, pronotum, and mesonotum ochraceous ; a lateral fascia 
on each side of mesonotum black ; central area of face, eyes, and. 
antennae black; sternum and legs piceous ; abdomen beneatli with 

TOL. VI. G 



82 APPENDIX. — FULGORID^. 

the posterior segmental margins sanguineous and basally suffused 




Fig. 61. — Archa typica. 

with piceous ; tegmina cretaceous white, near middle crossed by a 
broken transverse black fascia. 

Length inch tegm. 8 millim. 

Hah. Cevlon ; Peradeuiya (G^r^«>0- 

Mr. Green has sent me a single specimen of this species. 



Subfamily LOPHOPIN.E. (Vol. Ill, p. 317.) 

Genus ELASMOSCELIS. (Vol. Ill, p. 318.) 
Elasmoscelis platypoba. (Vol. Ill, p. 318, fig. 155.) 
Add : Hah. Bengal ; Calcutta {Ind. Mas.), Belgachia. 

Genus PITAMBARA. (Vol. Ill, p. 319.) 

3242. Pitamhara montana, Dist. A. M. N. R. (8) ix, p. 188 (1912). 

Vertex very pale ilavescent, the margins and two small spots 
at base brownish testaceous ; pronotum flavesceiit, with a sub- 
lateral piceous spot on each side ; mesonotum black, its apex 
flavescent ; abdomen above piceous, the basal area and narrow 
segmental margins flavescent ; body beneath and legs ochraceous, 
femora more or less annulated with piceous ; tegmina hyaline, 
largely marked and suffused wilh piceous, the principal features 
of which are the basal area, a large spot before end of clavus and 
about apical third, the latter is oblique and does not reach the 
apex or apical margin, to the first of which it is connected by two 
oblique stripes, the costal membrane is also obliquely, transversely 
fasciately marked with piceous ; wings fuliginous ; vertex with 
the lateral margins strongly ridged, moderately produced in front 



PITAMI5ARA. 



83 



of eyes; face much longer than broad, posteriorly strongly 
angularly ampliated, its lateral margins (except on posterior area) 




Fig. (il.— Pitaiithara nwntana. 

laniinately dilated and with two earinte on each of their under- 
surfaces ; clypeus centrally and laterally cai-inate; posterior tibiaa- 
with a single spine. 

Length 4^ ; exp. tegm. ISmillim. 

Hah. Lower Burma; Dawna Hills (Annondah). 

A single specimen captured by Dr. N. Annandale. 



3243. Pitamljara dawnana, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) ix, p. 189 (1912)^ 

A-^ertex greyish white with two minute brownish spots at base, 
eyes brownish ; pronotum black, a central line and the lateral areas 
greyish white ; mesonotum black, its lateral angles greyish white ; 
body beneath and legs very pale ochraceous, abdominal segmental 




Fiif. 63. — Pitamhara dawiiuna. 



margins greyish white ; tegmina pitchy brown ; costal membrane, 
a very large ovate spot near middle, inwardly almost reaching 
clavus, and the apical margin greyish white, subhyaline, the costal 
membrane at basal area and before apex is transversely spotted' 
with pitchy-brown and the brown area beyond middle is obscurely 
spotted with greyish ; wings grevish white, subhyaline ; face- 

g2 



84 APPENDIX. FULGORID^. 

prominently angulated ou each side before clypeiis, with a very 
fiue central cariniite line and two ridges on the lateral areas ; 
elypeus tricarinate ; vertex moderately produced in front of eyes, 
its lateral margins ridged ; mesonotum distinctly tricarinate. 

Length incl. tegm. 7millini. 

Hah. Lower Burma ; Dawiia Hills (Annandnle). 

1 have only seen a single specimen of this species. 

Genns SERIDA. (Vol. Ill, p. 324.) 
3^44. Serida sherwilli, Bii^t. A. M. N. H. (8) ix, p. 189 (1912). 

Closely allied to the type of the genus, S. latens, Walk.*, but 
■differing by the two central carinations to the face being less 
parallel and more divergent posteriorly, the wings more uniformly 
and darkly fuliginous, the tegmina with the apical marginal area 
without the linear angulated dark lines which are replaced by 
a continuous, irregularly waved transverse fascia, and the sur- 
rounding markings of a darker, larger, and more distinct 
character. 

Length excl. tegm. Ik ; exp. tegm. 21 millim. 

Hab. ISylhet, Chandkhira (Sherioill). 

This is the Western form of the genus; S. latens is at present 
not known further west than Tenasserim. 

Genus PYEILLA to replace Zamila. (Vol. Ill, p. 326.) 

Pi/rilla, Stal, Berl. eut. Zeitschi-. iii, p. 326 (1859). 
Zamila, Walk. Jourii. Ent. i, p. 304 (1862). 

Microchoria, Kirby, J. Linn. Soc, Zool. xxiv, p. 147 (1891) ; 
Melich. [-lorn. Faun. Ceylon, p. 03 (1903). 

I had previously used Walker's name for this genus, but have 
since found that it is a synonym of Pi/rilla, Stal. 

3245. Pyrilla pusana, Bist. A. M. N. 11. (8) xiv, p. 326 (1914). 

Body and legs shining brownish ochraceous ; pronotum and 
mesonotum usually more or less darker in hue, sometimes 
concolorous, sometimes dark castaneous ; tegmina dark shining 
ochraceous, the apical ai'ea moderately infuscate with many black 
spots, some minute dark spots vaiying in number on anterior 
disk ; wings very palely infuscate. 

Allied to P. lycoides. Walk., but differing by the less robust 
cephalic process. 

Length excl. tegm. 7-8 ; exp. tegm. 20-21 millim. 

Hah. Pnsa ; Bihar (Lefroi/ 4" Bainhrigge Fletcher). Upper 
Burma (Bainhrir/qe Fletcher). 

I had previously (Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. li, p. 220, 1907) 



Cf. Faun. Brit. Incl., Rliynch. iii, p. 32.5, fig. 160 (1906). 



VARMA. 85 

considered tliis species to be coiispecific with P. Ii/coides, AValk., 
but a large series of specinieiis recently sent me by Mr. Fletcher 
has proved it to be distinct. P. hjcoides is probably restricted to 
Siara. 

PiRILIiA ABEEEANS. 

Zamila aberrans (Vol. Ill, p. 326). 
KA^: Hah. Behar ; Pusa {Bainhri<jcie Fletcher) \ South India^ 
Chikkaballapura {T. V. Campbell). 

A pest to sugar-cane {Maxwell Lcfroy). 

Pteilla peepdsilla. 

Zamila perpusilla (Vol. Ill, p. 327). 
Add: Hab. Behar; Vusa (Bainbri(/[/e Fletcher). 

Genus BRIXIOIDES. (Vol. Ill, p. 327.) 
Beixioides oaeinatus. (Vol. Ill, ]). 328.) 
Add : Hab. Behar ; Pusa {K P. V.). 

Genus KUSQMA. (Vol. Ill, p. 329.) 

KUSUMA CAEINATA. (Vol. Ill, p. 330.) 

Add: Hab. Behar; Cliapra {Mackenzie): Pusa (Gr. S. Misra) :, 
United Provinces, Allahabad (Lord, Ind. Mus.). Bombay ; Basseiu 
Fort {A. M.). Calcutta {Ind. Mus.). 

In some speciiuens the fuscous brown markings to the tegmina 
as in typical examples (vol. iii, fig. 164) are absent or obsolete. 

At Pusa tlie species has been found on sugar-cane {Bainbrir/ge 
Fletcher). 

Genus VARMA. (Vol. Ill, p. 330.) 

Melichar, Monogr. Tropiduch. p. 36 (Verb. Ver. Briinn, 1914), 
places this genus in the Tropiduchinse. I retain it in the 
Lophopinse as previously enumerated. 

3246. Varma distant!, 3Ielich. Monoyr. Tropiduch. p. 38 ( Verh. Ver. 
Briinn, 1914). 

This species I have not seen. It is described as allied to 
V. tridens, Dist. 

Hab. "Assam; Khas'm" {Coll. Melichar). 



8t) APPENUIX. — FUhGOKlDJE. 

Subfamily ISSIN^. (Vol. Ill, p. 832.) 

Genus TUBILUSTRIUM, nov. 

Tvpe, T. ti/picum, Dist. 

Distribution. Lower Burma. 

Head (excluding eyes) about as broad as pronotum ; vertex of 
head about as broad as loug, concave, centrally and laterally 
carinate, the lateral ridges very pronounced, anterior margin sub- 
truncate, a little emarginate ; eyes very large, extending backward 
to base of pronotum ; face longer than broad, tiie lateral margins 
narrowed and rounded towards clypeus, a strong submarginal 
carination on each side ; clypeus shorter than face, the margins 
not carinate ; pronotum about as long and broad as vertex 
(excluding eyes), moderately convex anteriorly, angularly emar- 
ginate posteriorly, latei'al margins rounded ; mesonotum tri- 
<"arinate, about as long as head and pronotum together, the disk 
flattened, the lateral areas obliquely depressed ; abdomen 
moderately long and robust ; posterior tibiae with a prominent 
spine beyond middle, first joint of posterior tarsi long and robust ; 
tegmina about three times longer than broad, subhyaline, the 
venation robust, longitudinal for a little more than half the length 
after which there are numerous transverse veins, a particularly 
strong oblique continuous vein nearly crossing tegmen before 
apex, numerous apical marginal cells, claval vein not reaching 
claval apex ; wings much broader but shorter than tegmina, 
a few ti-ansverse veins on apical area defining about seven short 
apical cells. 

This genus possesses some aberrant characters from those given 
for the Issinae in which I place it, such as the equal breadth of 
the vertex and pronotum, but in other characteristics it conforms 
to those of this subfamily. 




64. — Tutiilustrium (ypictim. 

3247. Tubilustrium typicum, sp. n. 

Body and legs fuscous brown ; irregular markings to pronotum, 
the carinations to mesonotum, and marginal spots to abdomen 



BRAIIMALOKA. 



87 



testaceous ; margins of abdominal segriients above greyish white, 
extreme lateral margins irregularly black; tegmina and wings sub- 
hyaline, venation black, mucli more strongly so in tegmina than in 
wings, the former also with some fuscous brown shadings near 
apex and in claval area ; face between the submarginal carinations 
strongly granulose; clypeus centrally carinate and with short 
oblifjue dark striations on each side ; other structural characters 
as in generic diagnosis. 

Length excl. tegm. 5 ; exp. tegm. 14millim. 

Hub. Lower Burma. 



Genus BRAHMALOKA. (Vol. Ill, p. 337.) 

3248. Brahmaloka fletcheri, sp. n. 

Vertex of head and pronotum dull greenish, anterior margin 
of vertex with black maculate markings, posterior margin more 
ochraceous ; mesonotum brownish ochraceous, the carinas and 
lateral margins ochraceous ; face and clypeus brownish ochraceous, 
the face with darker speckles, and two contiguous transverse glossy 
black spots near anterior margin followed by a pale ochraceous 




Eig. 65. — Brahmaloka fletcheri. 

transverse fascia; clypeus with lateral oblique blackish striations; 
tegmina dull opaque brownish ochraceous, with central irregular 
dark fasciate markings ; vertex (including eyes) as broad as pro- 
notum, slightly broader than long, moderately concave, its 
margins carinate ; face about as broad as long, centrally, straightiy, 
finely carinate, the anterior margin truncate, moderately emar- 
ginate before the clypeus ; pronotum about as long as mesonotum 
and with a central fine longitudinal carination ; apical margins 
of the tegmina truncately rounded ; posterior tibiae with tw'o 
spines beyond middle. 

Length incl. tegm. 6 millim. 

Hah. Brit. India; North Coorg, Santikoppa (T'. Bainhrigge 
Fletcher). 



88 



APPENDIX. — FULGORIDiE. 



Geuus REDARATOR, nov. 

Type, R. bimaculatus, Dist. 

Dhtrihution. South Inrlia. 

Vertex centrally about as broad as long, moderately convexly 
produced in front ot" eyes, the apical margin distinctly cai'inate, 
the disk a little concave, posterior margin concave ; eyes longer 
than broad and posteriorly slightly produced ; face large, a little 
convex, about as broad as long, a little narrowed before clypeus, 
which is about as long as broad at base, and laterally obliquely 
transversely striate, anterior margin slightly convexly produced ; 
prouotum shorter than vertex, subconvexly rounded anteriorly, 
posterior margin truncate, the lateral angles distinctly produced, 
centrally carinate ; mesonotum about as long as vertex, the lateral 
margins concavely oblique, centrally carinate ; tegmina deflected 
in a subconvexly oblique position to the body, narrowed and 
rounded at apices, reticulately transversely veined between the 
longitudinal veins ; posterior tibiae with two spines. 

In this enumeration the genus will be placed with Tatva{\o\.'\n, 
p. 336) and Brahmaloha (vol. iii, p. 337), both of which agree 
with Redarator in having the clypeus transversely striate (c/. 
" Synopsis of Genera," vol. iii, p. 333). 

3249. Redarator bimaculatus, sp. n. 

Brownish ochraceous ; tegmina irregularly marked with black 
spots between many of the reticulate veins, especially in the 
claval area ; face with two large contiguous glossy black spots 




Fig. 66. — Redarator bimaculaitis. 

near the anterior margin, immediately beyond these spots the 
surface is moderately transversely impressed, and again before 
clypeus behind the black spots there is a transverse pale fascia 
marked with two small dark spots ; structural characters as in 
generic diagnosis. 

Length inch tegm. 6 millim. 

Hab. South India; Shevaroy Hills. 



TEMPS A.. 



89 



Genus TEMPSA. (To follow Jagannata, Vol. Ill, p. 338.) 

Tempsa, Sfal, Hem. Afr. iv, p. 208 (1866) ; id. Berl. ent. Zeitschr. 
X, p. 293 (1866). 

Type, T. malai/a, St§-1, from the Malay Peninsula. 

Distribution. Andaman Islands, Malay Peninsula, Borneo. 

A^ertex about as long as or a little longer than broad, the base 
strongly sinuate, the margins carinate and with a central carinate 
line, the frontal margin a little jjointed medially ; face a little 
longer than broad, the lateral margins a little sinuate and widened 
and rounded before clypeiis, which is centrally carinate ; pronotam 
moi'e or less triangularly produced between the eyes, centrally 
carinate, the posterior margin truncate ; mesosternum tricarinate, 
considerably and distinctly longer than pronotum ; posterior 
tibicB with two spines ; tegmina oblong, narrowing to apex, the 
apical margin truncately rounded ; clavus shorter than corium, its 
apex reaching the end of the commissural margin, inner longi- 
tudinal vein furcate beyond, and the middle longitudinal vein 
furcate before median. 

3250. Tempsa rogersi, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iv, p. 85 (1909). 

Dull ochraceous ; vertex with a piceous spot on each lateral 
margin ; pronotum with two small central spots and a larger 
transverse spot on each side behind eyes piceous ; scutellum with 
three large piceous spots, one near each basal angle and one near 
apex ; face brownish, the lateral margins paler, with piceous spots, 
the spots on each side before clypeus larger and oblique ; anterior 




Fig. 67. -Tempsa rngerd. 

and intermediate femora annulated with castaneous brown before 
apex, the anterior and intermediate tibiae annulated with 
castaneous brown near base and at apex ; tegmina dull ochraceous, 
with the veins castaneous and with a series of small piceous spots 
on apical margin ; vertex concave, with a very obscure central 
carination ; pronotum with a central and scutellum with three 
carinations ; face centrally carinate, the clypeus globose at basal 
area and very strongly centrally carinate. 

Length inch tegm. 10 millim. 

Hab. Andaman Islands {G. Rogers). 



90 APPENDIX. — PULGOEIB^. 

Genus THABENOIDES, iiov. 

Type, T. alhinotatus, Dist. 

Distribution. South India. 

Vertex a little longer than broad, moderately ampliate towards 
apex, tlie anterior lateral angles subacutely prominent, as is also 
the middle of the apical margin, the lateral margins strongly 
ridged ; face considerably longer than broad, the anterior margin 
subtruncate, strongly centrally carinate, the lateral margins also 
carinate and slightly straightly oblique, inwardly recurved a little 
before clypeas which is moderately globose and centrally carinate ; 
pi'onotum shorter than mesonotum or head, the anterior margin 
convexly produced, posterior margin subtruncate, centrally 
strongly carinate; mesonotum v\ith an oblique carination on each 
lateral area ; tegmina broad, marginally ovale, deflected in a sub- 
con vexly oblique position to the body, broadly rounded at apices, 
costal membrajieand radial area about equally broad, interior ulnar 
vein furcate near middle, the whole surface more or less trans- 
versely veined ; posterior tibipe with two spines. 

Allied to Thabena, Stal ; pronotum anteriorly convexly not 
acutely pi'oduced, anterior margin of face subtruncate ; venation 
of tegmina different. 

3251. Thabenoides albinotatus, sp. n. 

Vertex, pronotum and mesonotum more or less chocolate-brown ; 
mesonotum with the lateral striations ochraceous ; body beneath 
and legs chocolate-brown, femoral apices, anuulations to anterior 
and intermediate tibise, and the posterior tibiae ochraceous ; 




Fig. 68. — Thahowides albinotatus. 

tegmina chocolate-brown, the apical areas more brownish 
ochraceous, a large ill-defined spot on each marginal area before 
middle dull greyish white ; face with the margins, central cari- 
nation, central and apical spots, and a central fascia and basal 
spots to clypeus, dull ochraceous ; structural characters as in 
generic diagnosis. 

Length inch tegm. 5 millim. 

Hah. South India ; Kodaikanal {T. V. Campbell). 



KODAIANA. ' 91 



Genus KODAIANA, nov. 



Tvpe, K. camphdli., Dist. 

Distribution. South India. 

Vertex of head twice as broad as long, scarcely protruding 
beyond eyes, centrally and laterally carinate, the anterior lateral 
angles very slightly prominent, anterior margin roundly truncate, 
posterior margin concave ; eyes oA^erlapping the lateral margins 
of the pronotum ; face moderately globose, behind eyes broader 
than long, anterior margin concavely truncate, obliquely narrowed 
near clypeus, centrally finely carinate, a fine distinct transverse 
carination between the eyes and a similar central longitudinal 
sulcation ; clypeus short, globose, somewhat centrally longitu- 
dinally depressed ; pronotum centrally longer than vertex, 
anteriorly subangularly produced between the eyes, posterioi-ly 
truncate ; mesonotum about as long as pronotum, centrally 
strongly carinate ; tegmina broad, laterally convex, apices 
moderately narrowed and rounded^ at greatest breadth a little more 
than twice as long as broad, deflected in a subconvexly oblique 
position to the body, radial area distinct and elongate, strongly 
reticulately veined, the longitudinal veins uninterrupted and 
strongly prominent. 

3!i52. Kodaiana campbelli, sp. n. 

Dull ochraceous ; eyes black ; two small spots on vertex, 
anterior margin of pronotum behind eyes, a spot near each 
anterior angle of the mesonotum, and a small spot on each side of 
the central carination, claval suture (more or less), and interstices 
between the reticulate veins on disk of tegmeii, piceous or black; 




Fig. 69. — Kodaiana camphdli. 

apical areas of the tegmina paler in hue, frontal area of face 
between eyes, a central suffusion before clypeus, and a central 
fascia to clypeus more or less castaneous ; structural characters 
as in generic diagnosis. 

Length inch tegm, 6 millim. 

Hah. South India; Kodaikanal (T. V. Campbell). 



92 APPENDIX. FULGOKID.E. 

Genus TETRICA. (Vol. Ill, p. 339.) 
Tetrica bifasciata, Dist. (Vol. Ill, p. 340.) 
Add: Bah. South India; Kodaikanal {T. V. Caynj^heU). 

3253. Tet.ica nigromaculata, sp. n. 

Head ochraeeous, much suffused with shining black ; pro- 
and mesonota shining black, the lateral ureas of the former and 
the basal angles and apex of the latter ochraeeous ; face black, 
imperfectly seen in carded specimen ; legs pale fuscous brown, 
tibiae apically more or less broadly annulated with pale ochraeeous^ 
their extreme apices also darkly fuscous brown, tarsi ochraeeous 
with the apices of the joints and the claws fuscous ; tegmina 
ochraeeous, largely blackly maculate, the larger number of spots 
on apical lialf and in claval area, and a transverse series of three 
spots near base of costal area ; subovate, head with eyes as broad 
as pronotum, not prominently produced in front of eyes ; vertex 
transverse, moderately concave, its margins strongly ridged; ])ro- 
notum short, anteriorly and triangularly produced, its base 
truncate, the lateral angles somewhat acutely produced and with 
a central carination; posterior tibite with two spines. 

Length 5 millim. 

Hub. South India ; Kodaikanal [T. V. Camjybell). 

Genus PARATETRICA, nov. 

Type, P. opal'ma, Dist. 

Distribution. South India. 

A genus closely allied to Tetrica but differing by the face being, 
distinctly longer than broad, less ampiiate posteriorly ; vei'tex of 
head without a central carination. 

3254. Paratetrica opalina, sp. n. 

Opaline green ; vertex of head, extreme margins of tegmina,. 
and the legs more greenish ochraeeous ; apices of the femora and 
tibiae green, apices of the tarsi more or less black ; mesonotum 
paler and more opaline green ; margins of the pronotum narrowly 
fuscous brown, subovate ; head with eyes as broad as pronotum, 
lateral margins of vertex strongly ridged, its disk concave, the an- 
terior margin a little sinuate, the lateral angles subprominent; face 
longer than broad, anterior margin subtruncate, the lateral margins 
slightly oblique to a little before clypeus where they are recurved, 
centrally and laterally carinate ; cly|)eus about as long as broad at 
base ; pronotum slightly shorter than either vertex or mesonotum,. 



COINQUENDA. 



93 



its anterior margin angulate, its central disk moderately depressed; 
mesonotum with a faint central carination, two small tubercles on 




Fig. 70. —Paratcfrica opalina. 

each side of anterior margin ; tegmina with the venation similar 
to typical Tetrica ; posterior tibiaj with two spines beyond middle. 

Length inch tegni. 5 iiiillim. 

Hah. South India; Kodaikanal (2'. V. Campbell). 

Genus SARIMA. (Vol. Ill, p. 342.) 

SxVRlMA >'lGEOCLYPEATA, Melich. Mon. Issiden, p. 302 (1906). 

Dr, Melichar has described the above species from various Indian 
localities, including Bombay. The British Museum now contains 
some specimens from the Nilgiris, which in many respects 
appertain to the description but whicli cannot with certitude 
be identified as this species. As the present war prevents my 
communicating with Dr. Melichar, and the typical specimens 
appear to be contained in the Budapest Museum, I can only call 
attention to the species. 



Genus COINaUENDA, nov. 

Type, C. nigroclavata, Dist. 

Distribution. South India. 

V^ertex of head very broad and moderately short, nearly three 
times as broad as long, the anterior margin sinuately subtruncate, 
tricarinate, the central carination straight, the lateral carinations 
oblique ; eyes long, overlapping the lateral margins of the pro- 
iiotum ; face slightly broader than long, behind eyes gradually 
narrowed to clypeus, tricarinate, between the sublateral carinations 
and the lateral margins more or less transversely ridged ; clypeus 
sliorter than face, moderately robust, with two longitudinal 
carinations ; pronotum more than twice as broad as long, with 
two strong central longitudinal ridges, the lateral margins con- 
cavely oblique, anterior margin truncate, posterior margin 
subangularly truncate ; mesonotum about twice as broad as long, 



94 



APPENDIX. — FULGORIDiE. 



centrally longitudinally depressed ; tegmina deflected in a sub- 
convexly oblique position to tlie body, narrowed and rounded at 
apices, the venation prominent, numerous reticulate veins, the cells 
longest at base and on basal area ; posterior tibise with two 
spines. 

3255. Coinquenda nigroclavata, sp. n. 

Vertex, pronotum, mesonotum, face, and clypeus testaceous 
brown ; sternum and body beneath more fuscous brown ; legs 
paler with darker annulate markings ; tegmina brownish ochra- 
ceous, the claval area black, remaining area more or less spotted 




Fig. 71. — Coinquenda 7iigroclavata. 

with black, the discal spots largest, the marginal spots smallest ;. 
structural characters as in generic diagnosis. 

Length inch tegm., J 5|, 5 6| millim. 

Hah. South India Nandidrug, Chikkaballapura (7'. V. Camp- 
hell). 

Genus CORUNCANIUS, nov. 

Type, C.fascialis, Dist. 

Distrihution. South India. 

Vertex centrally nearly twice as broad as long, subangularly 
produced before eyes, centrally and laterally carinate, somewhat 
depressed between eyes, posterior margin concave ; eyes long, 
overlapping the lateral margins of the pronotum ; face moderately 
globose, broader than long, finely, indistinctly centrally carinate, 
anterior margin subangularly produced, laterally from behind eyes 
obliquely narrowed to clypeus, which is a little shorter than face ; 
pronotum slightly shorter than vertex, subconvexly rounded 
anteriorly, posterior margin truncate ; mesonotum as long as 
vertex, the lateral margins a little concavely sinuate ; tegtnina 
deflected in a subconvexly oblique position to the body, narrowed 
and angularly rounded at apices, reticulately transversely veined 
between the longitudinal veins which are prominent ; ])osterior 
tibise with two spines. 



DELHINA. 



95 



3256. Coruncanius fascialis, sp. u. 

Head, pronotuin, and scutellum brownish ochraceous ; vertex 
with the anterior margin bhick, the basal and lateral margins pale 
greenish or ocliraceous ; pronotum and mesonotum Mith pale 
greenish or ochraceous markings and smaller blackish spots ; face 
and clypeus piceous, a broad pale greenish or greyish fascia 
between the eyes and the posterior margin maculately or some- 
times continuously of the same colour ; tegmina brownish 




Fig. 72. — Coruncanius fascialis. 

ochraceous tinged with pale greenish, paler on base and apical 
areas, spotted with black, principally a cluster above clavus, two 
elongate spots at apex of clavus, and a series of smaller inner and 
apical marginal spots; body beneath imperfectly seen in carded 
specimens ; legs pale ochraceous ; structural characters as in 
generic diagnosis. 

Length incl. tegm S^-G millim. 

Hah. South India ; Kodaikanal {T. V. Campbell). 



Genus DELHINA. 
Delhina, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) ix, p. 650 (1912). 

Type, D. eiayhracJii/doidcs, Dist. 

Distribution. N. India. 

Head (including eyes) very slightly narrower than anterior 
margin of pronotum ; vertex concave, transverse, broader than 
long, lateral margins strongly ampliately ridged, anterior margin 
a little sinuate ; face with the greatest breadtli about equal to 
greatest length, tlie anterior margin strongly concave, the disk 
moderately convex and tricariuate, the lateral margins am])liately 
ridged and narrowing towards clypeus; clypeus about as long as 
the lateral margins of face, tumid and very distinctly centrally 
carinate ; pronotum a little shorter than vertex of head, the base 
truncate, the anterior margin convexly rounded between the 
eyes ; mesonotum subtriangular, somewhat faintly tricarinate 
and with a short carination near each anterior angle ; abdomen 



96 



APPENDIX. — FULGORIDjE. 



broad, slightly tumid above, flattened beneath ; posterior tibiae 
with two strong spines, posterior tarsi wdth the basal joint 
longest ; tegmina as long as greatest length of body, considerably 
narrowed towards apex, costal margin arched and convex at basal 
area, costal membrane broad, transversely, obliquely, somewhat 
I'eticulately veined, longitudinal veins more or less reticulately 
connected tov\ards apical area, claval veins more or less trans- 
versely connected; wings much broader than tegmina, the margins 
convex, a moderately deep fissure on apical margin near apex, 
reticulately veined. 

Allied to Oelastyra, Kirk. (n. nom.) [Cibyra, Stal, nom. prseocc). 

3257. Delhina eurybrachydoides, Dist. A. M. N. R. (8) ix, p. 650 

(1912). 

Head and pronotum pale fuscous brown ; pronotum with dis- 
tinct darker longitudinal fasciae, about five in number ; abdomen 
above testaceous red; body beneath and legs brownish ochraceous; 
femora more or less annulated with piceous ; abdomen beneath 
with segmental transverse black fasciae ; tegmina dull ochraceous, 




Fig. 73. — Belhina eurybrachydoides. 

much mottled with piceous, these suffusions appearing as a short, 
broad, oblique fascia near base, extending from costa to about 
middle of tegmen ; wings golden yellow, apical margin on each 
side of fissure broadly piceous ; face modei'ately piceous, more 
ochraceous towards the clypeus, and there witli a small piceous 
spot on each side ; structural characters as in generic diagnosis. 

Length excl. tegm. 9g ; exp, tegm. 25 millim. 

Hah. Eastern Himalayas {Brit. Mus.). 



Genus GELASTYRA. 

Cibyra, Stil, Ofv. Vet.-Ak. Fork, xviii, p. 209 (1861) ; Hej7i. A/r. 

iv, p. 206 (1866), nom. preeocc. 
Gelastyra, Kirk. Entomologist, 1904, p. 280, n. nom. 

Type, 0. sj^ectans, Walk. 

Distribution. Teuasserim, Malay Peninsula, Sumatra. 

" Head not or slightly narrower than pronotum ; vertex 



NARAYANA. 97 

transverse; eyes broad; face equally as long as broad or slightly 
longer than broad."' 

Gelnstyra is also to be distinguished from the preceding genus 
Delhina by the different structure of the face, which is anteriorly 
truncate or subtruncate, not concave, posterior tibiae differently 
spined, etc. 

No examples of the following two species have at present been 
received. Both are contained in the Genoa Museum and are at 
present unobtainable for comparison and illustration. 

Gelasxyiia DlVEUSA, MeUcIi. Mon. Issuhm, p. 263 (lUOG). 
JIah. Tenasserim ; Thagata {Genod Mvs.). 

GeLASTI'KA LATIF1£()XS, Melich. I. c. p. I'tU. 
JIah. BuruKi.- — Sumatra. 



Genus NARAYANA. (Vol. Ill, p. 349.) 

Capelopteruiu, Melieli. Mon. Issiden, p. 210 (1906). 

Dr. Melichar bad apparently come to an abnost simultaneous 
conclusion with myself that his Ilysteropterum sellatum represented 
an undescribed genus. I had previously described it as Narcujana 
selJata (vol. iii, p. 350). 

325S. Narayana eliyana, sp. n. 

Head, pronotum, mesonotum, and tegmina virescent with 
blackish mottliugs ; in the first three these markings are speckles, 
but in the tegmina, where the veins are ver}- ])rominent, these 
markings are more strongly represented especially in the clavus 
and apical halves, which are also interspersed with green spots, 
before middle a large blackish spot on costal area ; body beneath 
ochraceous ; face fuscous brown, with pale granules on the lateral 
and posterior margins ; clypeus with the disk black ; disk of 
abdomen beneath black ; legs ochraceous, speckled with fuscous ; 
bead (including eyes) as wide as pronotum, vertex distinctly con- 
cave, with a central median line ; face about as broad as long, 
moderately concave, its margins carinate ; tegmina vertical, short 
and broad, apical margin wide arid ohli([uely truncate. 

Length ok millim. 

JIah. Ceylon ; ]\It. Eliya. 

3259. Narayana fuscosignata, sp. n. 

Vertex of head [)iceous, the margins ochraceous ; face pale 
piceous, the margins ochraceous, with small blackish spots ; 
VOL. VI. ir 



98 APPENDIX. — fulgoridj:. 

elypeus dark brownish with sublateral piceous marginal lines ; 
pronotum ochraceons, more or less finely mottled with piceous ; 
mesonotum piceous, the lateral margins ochraceous; body beneath 
and legs ochraceous, abdomen beneath with transverse black discal 
spots ; tegmiiia ochraceous, the claval area paler and more greyisli, 
two large black spots, one just above and the other at apex of 
clavus ; head short, broad, including eyes as wide as pronotum : 
vertex moderately concave, broader than long with a central 
median line ; face about as broad as long, slightly ampliately 
rounded towards elypeus, its margins carinate, its surface some- 
what transversely wrinkled, a subuKirginal carination on each side 
truncately connected before anterior margin; pronotum anteriorly 
subangularly produced ; tegmina vertical, short and broad, apical 
margin wide and obliquely truncate, the venation very prominent, 
aTid sparsely furnished with minute tubercles. 

Length inch tegm. 6 millim. 

Hub. Ceylon ; Peradeniya {E. E. Green). 



3260. Narayana pundaluoyana, sp. n. 

Ochraceous ; tegmina somewhat prominently and \\'ell marked 
with bright piceous, consisting principally of small spots on basal 
area of costal margin, more or less on apical margin, a cluster of 
similar spots before apical angle, and linear spots on the discal 
veins, there are also suffusions of the same colour on costal 
membrane and claval area ; vertex of head with a prominent 
central carination ; pronotum indistinctly finely darkly punctate ; 
mesonotum Mith piceous markings or spots ; face brownish 
ochraceous with very distinct submarginal carinations truncately 
connected before anterior margin ; elypeus purplish brown ; 
tegmina very prominently veined ; anterior femora Avith longi- 
tudinal brownish lines. 

Length inch tegni. 6 millim. 

Hah. Ceylon ; Pundaluoya {Brit. Mus.). 



3261. Narayana fryeri. sp. n. 

Vertex of head dull pale olivaceous with fuscous mottlings and 
a blackish anterior margin ; pronotum dull greenish ochraceous 
with small brownish punctate spots near anterior and posterior 
margins ; mesonotum fuscous, the anterior angles darker and w'ith 
two small central pale spots near anterior margin ; body beneath 
and legs fuscous brown, sternum with large greyish-white coxnl 
spots and bases of femora narrowly of the same colour; tegmina 
with the basal area more or less blackish brown, about apical half 
dull greenish ochraceous, the veins A^ith minute dark tubercles, a 
very large discal tomentose white spot near end of basal dark area 
and a less well-marked pale spot on claval margin ; face large. 



MINCOPIUS. 



99 



about as broad as long, slightly ampliately rounded towards 
clypeus, its margins carinate, its disk somewhat transversely 




Fig. '^\.—Xaraijana frt/cri. 

wrinkled, dull ochraoeous, with brownish markings ; clypeus 
brownish; inner tegminal margins concavely sinuate. 

Length inch tegm. 5 millim. 

Hah. Ceylon ; Maha Illupalauia (./. C. F. Fnjer). 



Genus MINCOPIUS. (To follow Nilaloiiita, Vol. III. p. 358.) 
Mincopius, Dist. A. M. X. H. (8) iv, p. 81 (1909). 

Type, M. andamanensis, Dist. 

Distribution. Andaman Islands. 

Head (including eyes) distinctly narrower than pronotum ; 
vertex subquadrate, foveately depressed, the lateral margins 
ridged, the apex truncate ; I'ace about twice as long as broad, 
tricarinate, the central carination straight and robust, the lateral 
ones curved and not quite reaching base, basal margin angularly 
sinuate, posterior margin rounded before clypeus which is broad 
and not carinate ; pronotum moderately short, transverse, ante- 
riorly subconically produced between the eyes, basal margin 
truncate, the posterior lateral angles slightly rounded ; meso- 
notum longer than pronotum, broadly trianguftir, centrally finely 
carinate ; rostrum almost reaching the posterior coxte ; legs 
moderately long, posterior tibiae with two spines, anterior tibi» 
distinctly compressed and dilated ; tegmina convexly oblique, a 
little longer than the abdomen, the costal margin a little con- 
cavely sinuate near middle, radial vein bifurcating at a short 
distance from base, upper longitudinal vein bifurcating slightly 
further on; the apical halves of tegmina possess numerous 
transverse veins, giving a subreticulate appearance. 



100 



APPEXDIX. rULGOKIDvE. 



3262. Mincopius andamanensis, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iv, p. 82 

(1901)). 

Brownish ochraceous, speckled and marked with darker brown ; 
tegmiua with the veins reddish and witli some moderately in- 
distinct angulate dark brown markings at and behind middle ; 
clypeus black, its lateral margins flavous ; sternum and base ol: 




Fig. 75. — Mincoinus andamanensis. 

abdomen pale and more stramineous than above, remainder of 
abdomen a little darker than above ; legs speckled with casta- 
neous ; pronotum fiuely grannlose ; mesonotum centrally sub- 
triangularly depressed ; other structural characters as in generic 
diagnosis. 

Length inch tegm. S| millim. 

Hah. Andaman Islands {G. Rogers). 



Genus LOLLIUS. 

LoUius, Stdl, Hem. uifr. iv, p. 200 (1866) ; id. Of v. J'et.-A/.: Fork. 
1870, p. 762; Melich. Mon. Issiden, p. 193 (1906). 

Type, L. cnistralicns, Stfil, from Australia. 

Distribution. Malay Archipelago, Australia, tSeychelle Islands. 



?LoLLirs rURCiFEE, Stal, Ofv. Vet.-Ak. Fdrh. 1870, p. 7ti2 ; Melich. 
31on. I.'^siden, p. 196 (1906). 

I have not met with an example of this genus in any of the 
numerous collections received from British India. LoUius fvrnfer 
was described by Stfd from the Philippines, where it is not an 
uncommon species. Dr. Melichar {supra) has given a wider 
range of localities, including " JN'icobar," which represents a 
section of the faunistic area described in these volumes. 



GERGITIIUS. 101 



Genus GERGITHUS. 



Gergithus, Stc% Ofv. Vct.-Ak. Fork, xxviii, p. 7r>0 (1870) : Melich. 

Mon. Issiden, p. 58 (190(5). 
Hemisphan'ius, Melich. Hovi. Faun. Ceylon, p. 74 (ISOIJ). 
Heoiisphierius, part., Dist. vol. iii, p. 3o9. 

Type, G. schatoni, 8tal. 

Distribution. Oriental and Malayan Regions ; Japan and Cliiua *. 

This genus is to be separated from llem%spli(xrius by the very 
elongate face, the latei'al margins of which are continuous with 
the lateral margins of the clypeus. This appears to be the salient 
character of the genus when examined througli a long series of 
species. 

The descri])tion, founded on a Ceylon species, is published in a 
footnote to Stal's " Hemiptera insularum Philippinaruin," and 
was overlooked by both Melichar and myself when working out 
the Ceylonese species ; we then considered that all the species 
could be placed under one genus. 

3263. Gergithus erebus, sp. n. 

Body above shining black ; the margins of vertex broadly 
ochraceous ; body beneath and legs ochraceous ; face virescent, 
with a broad central sanguineous longitudinal fascia and the 
extreme lateral margins ochraceous; clypeus centrally pale vires- 
cent, with narrow submarginal sanguineous fascite ; femora and 




i 



Fig. 76. — GergitliKS erehus. 

tibia) with more or less distinct black linear markings, anterior 
tarsi, apices of intermediate and postei'ior tarsi and spines to 
posterior tibia), black ; tegmiua thickly finely pilose ; face elongate, 
about twice as broad as long, medially moderately ampliated ; 



* Melichar (Mon. Issiden, p. 62) has described a species, G. vidulus, as 
from "Siidafrika: Pond i cherry," a locality which prevents recognition. 



102 APPENDIX. FULGOEID.^. 

prunotuui sl\ort, the division between its posterior margin and the 
base ot' mcsouotuni deeply incised. 

Length iucl. tegm. 4| niillim. 

Hah. South India; Ivodaikanal (?'. V. Caiuphell). 

3204. Gergithus proteus, sp. ii. 

Above dull ochraceons, pronotum black, mesonotum opaline 
green, sometimes ochraceous ; teguiina with the disk suffused with 
black, apical area paler, extreme margin and a submarginal narrow 
line black ; face opaline green, a central longitudinal fascia and 
the exti'eme lateral margins sanguineous ; clypeus green w ith 
submarginal sanguineous lines. 

Var. a. Anterior subcostal margin of tegmina broadly black 
between the reticulate veins. 

Var. h. Bod)' above virescent, the pronotum purplish red. 

xipices of tibise, the tarsi, and spines to posterior tibia? more or 
less black ; face elongate, about twice as long as broad, moderately 
medially dilated ; pronotum very short, the division between 
deeply incised. 

Length inch tegm. 4-4| millim. 

Hah. South India; Ivodaikanal {2\ V. CampheU). 



3265. Gergithus cribratus, Melidi. Mon. Issiden, p. 64 (1906). 

Virescent in fresh specimens, in others pale brownish ; the 
mesonotum brighter opaline green : body beneath and legs vires- 
cent ; a spot on each posterior angle of the face before clypeus, 
apex of clypeus, and basal and apical spots to femora, black; face 
and clypeus with two very faint central testaceous lines, almost 
unicolorous; tegmina thickly coarsely punctate : pronotum some- 
what tuberculose ; mesonotum with two strong discal carinations ; 
face long, much narrower between eyes than before base of 
clypeus. 

Length inch tegm. 5 to G millim. 

Hah. Ceylon ; Maha lUupalama {J. C. F. Fryer). 

Apart from slight colour differences, this species seems to be 
the one described by Melichar from Pattipola in Ceylon. 

3266. Gergithus versicolor, sp. n. 

Virescent : vertex and mesonotum more opaline green ; the 
latter with the anterior margin and a raised central fascia 
testaceous ; face and clypeus opaline green \vith two central 
longitudinal sanguineous fascise, a black spot at apices of femora ; 
tegmina with black costal markings consisting of two basal streaks, 
followed by three spots, the largest oblique and situate about 
middle, apical margin very narrowly black ; tegmina thickly finely 



GERGITKL'S. 



103 



punctate; lateral margins of vertex strongly ridged; extreme 
anterior margin of mesonotiim black ; face long, between eyes 
narrower tlian before clypeus; tarsi brownish ocliraceous. 

Length inch tegm. 4| niillini. 

Hah. Ceylon ; Maha llla[)ahuna {J. (\ F. Frver). 

3267. Gergithiis coniplicatiis, sp. n. 

Ocliraceous, much tessellated and marked with dark castaneou-; 
browii ; vertex of head with four castaneous spots ; a transverse 
anterior fascia to prouotum and a central longitudinal fascia to 
mesonotum, the latter with a small spot on each side, castaneous ; 
face and clypens ocliraceous, with two central longitudinal fasciae 
and the margins of the Urst before clypeus castaneous ; anterior 
and intermediate femora and tibitB streaked \\ith castaneous ; 




Ficr. 



- Gcrgifhus compliccdus. 



tegmina much shaded and spotted with castaneous between the 
veins, but with a prominent pale spot on each tegmen near middle 
of inner margin and paler also on apical area ; face much longer 
than broad, considerably narrower at anterior margin than before 
clypeus ; lateral margins of vertex distinctl}' ridged ; posterior 
femora with two subapical spines. 

Length inch tegm. 5 millim. 

Hab. Ceylon ; Peradeniya (./. C. P. Ffj/er), Kandy (E. E. Green), 
lEaidamulla. 



3268. Gergithus conspicularis, sp. u. 

Vertex of head testaceous, the lateral margins virescent ; pro- 
notum virescent with testaceous mottlings ; mesonotum opaline 
green with the anterior margin antl a central fascia testaceous ; 
tegmina with the whole inner area brownish ochraceous spotted 
\\\t\\ black, the outer and apical areas paler, basal half of costal 
area obhquely spotted with black, with two much larger black 



104 APPENDIX. — FULGORID.E. 

spots on apical area, the outermost long and oblique, the inner- 
most more or less rounded, extreme apical margin narrowly black ; 
face and clypeus opaline green with two broad sanguineous longi- 
tudinal fasciaj ; legs greenish ochraceous, the femora spotted at 
base and apex with black ; body beneath with sanguineous trans- 
verse markings ; face considerably longer than broad, narrower at 
anterior margin than before clypeus. 

Length incl. tegm. 5 millim. 

Hah. Ceylon ; Maha Illupalama (./. C. F. Fnjer). 

The following species described under, or referred to Hemi- 
sphcerius must now be relegated to the genus Gergithus : — 

GergitJins secmuhis = Hemispluirius secuHclus, Melich. (vol. iii, 

p. 300). 
Genjithus scliauml = ffemispJurrius scJiaumi, Stal (vol. iii, 

p. 361). 
Gergitlius nUgiriensis = Ilemisphcrius nilgiriensis Dist. (vol. 

iii, p. 361). 
Gerqithus reticuhitus = JJemisjjhirins retiadatus, Dist. (vol. iii, 

p. 361). 
Gergithus eloiigatus =: llemispluvrms eloix/atus, Dist. (vol. iii, 

Gergithus bijnistidatiis = Hemisphar'ms hipustvlatus , AValis. 

(vol. iii, p. 362). 
Gergithus duhius = Hemisphcerius dubius, Butl. (vol. iii, p. 362). 
Gergitlius herhacexis = Heinisphivrius herbaceus, Kirbv (vol. iii, 

p. 363). 
Gergithus venosus = Hemispha'rius venosus, Dist. (vol. iii, p. 363). 

The following species I have not seen. The description is 
published in Melichar's ' Monographic der Issiden ' (October 
1906); n)y descriptions in this series were published in February 
1906. They may, or may not, in some cases be synonyms. 

Gergithus igiwius, Melich. Mon. Issiden, p. 66 (1906), 
Hah. Pegu : Palou. 



Genus HEMISPH^RIUS. (Vol. Ill, p. 359.) 

The following species have been described by Dr. Melichar, but 
regarding the near dates of our previous descriptions, and the 
consequent danger of synonymy, as well as the impossibility of 
seeing types or typical specimens during the present European 
war, i can only call attention to the descriptions. 

Hemisphcerius ruficeps, Melich. Mon. Issiden, p. 74 (1906). 

Burma ; Karen-ni. 
Hemispharius fiavovariegat%is, Melich. 1. c. p. 79. East India. 
Hemisphcerius frontalis, Melich. 1. c. p. 87. Nilgiri Hills. 



HILDA. lOo 

JlemispJirrrias cinchis,'MeVich. I.e. p. 91. Burma: Karen-iii. 
IlemispJuerius hijendtms, Melich. 1. c. p. 96. Burma. 

3269. Hemisphserius noctis, sp. n. 

Above shining-black ; eyes ocbraceous ; face black ; clypeus 
ochraceous with two darker longitudinal fascia) ; body beneath 
and legs ochraceous with some darker uiottlings ; tegmina thickly 
finely punctate ; face broad, much narrower at anterior margin 
than before clypeus, posteriorly about as broad as long. 

Length inch tegui. 4 millim. 

Hah. Ceylon ; JNIaha lUupalaraa (./. C F. Ftv/er). 

3270. Hemisphaerius fusco-clypeatiis, sji. n. 

Pale dull ochraceous ; eyes and a discal spot to tegmina 
black ; clypeus fuscous brown ; body beneath and legs brownish 
ochraceous ; anterior and intermediate tibiae and tarsi blackish ; 
face about as long as broad, mucli narrower anteriorly than 
posteriorly, anterior and posterior margins truncate ; the tegmina 
immediately above the body reflect its shadow and there appear 
distinctly darker. 

Length inch tegm. '■'> niillini. 

Hah. Ceylon ; Peradeniya (.7. C. F. Fnjcr). 

3271. Hemisphaerius atromaculatiis. sp. n. 

Vertex of head and pronotum testaceous ; mesonotum black 
with a central longitudinal ochraceous fascia; face testaceous; 
clypeus ochraceous with its anterior margin black ; body beneath 
and legs dark ochraceous ; tegmina ochraceous, with four large 
discal spots, claval margin, and two antei'ior sublateral fasciae 
black ; vertex finely punctate at base ; pronotum linelv trans- 
versely striate. 

Length inch tegm. 4 millim. 

Hah. Ceylon; Peradeniya {E. E. Green). 



Genus HILDA. 

Isthmia, Walk. List Horn, iii, p. 7;>2 (ISol); Stdl, Hem. Afr. iv, 

p. 218 (1866) ; iioni. praeocc. 
Hilda, KirTx. Entomohx/ist, 1900, p. 243, ii. nom. 
Egropa, Melich. (vol. iii, p. 368). 

Type, H. undata. Walk., an Ethiopian species. 

Distrihution. Ethiopian, Oriental, and Malayan Regions. 

Body subobloug, depressed ; head (includuig eyes) narrower than 
the pronotum, verte.x broader than long, anteriorly rounded, 
behind eyes distinctly callose, the anterior margin flattened, acute. 



106 APPENDIX. — FVhGOlilb^i. 

the disk moderately concave; face transverse, reaching eyes, 
usually with a small discal central well-developed tubercle ; an- 
teuua?' robust, the second joint oval ; pronotum with the basal 
margin truncate, much broader than long; scutellum nearly 
twice as long as pronotum ; tegmina somewhat short and broad, 
the apex rounded, passing the abdominal apex, lateral margins 
subparallel, veins somewhat indistinct, especially so on apical 
area ; legs short, posterior tibia3 unarmed. 

In the Ethiopian species the vertex is usually longer than in 
those from the eastern regions. 

3272. Hilda tenasserimensis, sp. n. 

Head, pronotum, and scutellum pale green ; extreme anterior 
margin of vertex almost continuously black ; a broad posterior 
margin to pronotum and the apex of the scutellum purplish red ; 
face pale greyish ochraceous, three prominent black spots at basal 
margin wliich is also black, the discal tubercle and the body 
beneath and legs more ochraceous, the bases of the femora paler ; 
tegmina purplish red strongly tinged and marked with greenish, 




Fig. 78. — Hilda tcna!<serimcnsis. 

a large prominent angulated greyish spot behind middle, at this 
region the tegmen is crossed by an irregular greenish transverse 
fascia behind which are two distinct transverse purplish-red lines, 
clavus streaked with greenish ; near inner margins of apical area a 
longitudinal series of three black spots with white centres, the 
apical area more brownish ochraceous ; central tubercle to face 
prominent and well defined ; vertex finely callose near basal 
margin ; scutellum smooth, apically deflected. 

Length inch tegm. oi millim. 

Hah. Tenasserim ; jNJyitta {Doherf)/). 

3273. Hilda bengalensis, Dist. A. M. N. If. (S) in, p. 41 (1909;. 
Vertex, pronotum, and scutellum pale green, extreme apical 



HILDA, 107 

margin of vei'tex almost continuously bUick ; pronotum with Ihe 
margins testaceous ; basal area of face between the eyes black, 
with four pi-oiniuent small white spots, in some specimens the 
spots near the eyes are obsolete and only the two central spots 
are visible, this black area margined posteriorly with greyish 
wliite ; clypeus, body beneath, and legs ochraceous ; tegmiua pale 
testaceous, basal half of clavus castaneous with an apical white 
margin, and this dark area outwardly continued on coriuiii, with a 
larjre whitish spot varying in size and shape, corium also crossed 
beyond middle by a whitish transverse fascia narrowly margined 
with black and broadly angulated on each side at costal margin, 




Fig. 70. — Hilda Iwi/ffaleii^is, var. 

apical area a little paler in hue and inwardly defined and margined 
by a waved pale greyisli line, and preceded near suture by a dark 
vspot containing one or more small pupillate white spots ; wings . 
hyaline ; face strongly transversely impressed between the in- 
sertions of the antenna^ medially angulate, the latenil margins 
before the angulation moderately concave ; vertex with a distinct 
longitudinal im pression. 

Vars. — Becoming darker in hue, the pale green coloration 
replaced by dark testaceous, and with a lar^-e piceous or dusky 
spot in the white subbasal spot to corium and in the postmedial 
transverse whitish fascia to same. 

Length inch tegm. 5-54 milliin. 

Hab. Bengal ; Pusa, Muzaft'arpur, Barisal. 

Allied to ff. 7nc(lai/ensis, Dist., from which it differs by the longi- 
tudinally impressed vertex, the angulate face, concolorous legs, 
partial or complete absence of the ocellate spots on apical area of 
tegmina, &c. 



Hilda ixusta to replace Egroi>a inusta, 
p. 368). 



Melich. (Vol. ilJ, 



108 



APPENDIX. — FULGORID.B. 



Subfamily RICANIIN.E. (Vol. Ill, p. 369.) 
Genus POCHAZIA. (A'ol. Ill, p. 370.) 

3274. Pochazia pipera, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) xiii, p. 420 (1914). 

Head and pronotum brownish ochraceous, mesonotum black, 
exposed mai'gius of metanotum ochraceous ; abdomen testaceous ; 
body beneath and legs ochraceous ; tegmina pale bronzy-brown, 
two pale transverse lines before apex and a much inwardly augu- 
lated line near middle, from this line to base the surface is much 




Fig. 80. — Pochuzid pipera. 

mottled with small paler and darker spots, a small black spot 
near apical angle and a subtriangular pale spot near apex of costal 
membrane ; wings very pale bronzy-brown ; mesonotum with five 
carinate lines, the central one straight, on each side of which is au 
inwardly and anteriorly curved line which bifurcates near middle ; 
apical margin of tegmina larger than iinier margin ; face broad, 
centrally carinate, the carination becoming almost obsolete towards 
clypeus ; posterior tibioe with two spines. 

Length excl. tegm. 6 ; exp. tegm. 10, 4 mm. 

Hub. Malabar Distr. ; Taliparansbas (T. Bninhr!g</e FletcJwr, 
Brit, jlfus.). 

" On Pepper plant." 



3275. Pochazia mamyona, sp. n. 

Vertex of head dull ochraceous ; pro- and mesonota blacL 
anterior and lateral margins of the first narrowly ochraceous ; 
abdomen black, more or less covered with greenish pubescence ; 
face dull ochraceous, the lateral margins and central carination 
paler ; clypeus flavous ; body beneath black, more or less pubes- 
cent ; legs ochraceous ; tegmina pale fuscous with a more or less 



KICANIA. 109 

dull olivaceous tint, much mottled with small paler spots, two 
obscure darker transverse fasciie beyond middle, the innermost 
dilated towards costal area, a distinct black spot near apical anplp ; 
wings fuliginous, the veins much darker ; vertex very short, 
centrally and marginally ridged ; pronotum centrally cariiiate : 
mesoiiotum tricarinate, the outer carinations inwardly forked 
beyond middle : face centrally and laterally carinate ; tegmina 
with the apical margin longer than the inner margin. 

Length excl. tegm. 6 ; ex|). tegm. 19-20 niillim. 

Hah. Upper Burma ; Mamyo, 500 ft. {T. Bainhri(/f/e Fletcher). 

Genus RICANIA. (Vol. Ill, p. 375.) 

ElCAXIA yEXESTKATA. (A^d. Ill, p. 3/0, lig. 194.) 

Add: Ilab. North Coorg ; Hantikoppa (T. Bainhrigcje Fletcher). 

ElCANIA MAEGINALIS. (Vol. Ill, p. 376.) 

Add : Ilab. North Coorg : Santikoppa [1\ Buinbrigr/e Fletcher). 
Bengal ; Dacca ; Bombay {Fusa Coll.). 

327(3. Ricania minbuensis, sp. u. 

Vertex of head and pronotum ochraceous, the latter with the 
disk sometimes darker ; mesouotum black, more or less greenly 
pubescent ; abdomen above ochraceous ; body beneath and legs 
ochraceous, some black sternal spots ; tegnnna dull pale ochraceous, 
costal membrane darker ochi-aceous, radial area black or blackish, 
apical margin somewhat broadly pale brownish ochraceous, pre- 
ceded by a similarly coloured transverse fascia which is dilated 
and slightly broken above middle ; wings pale fuliginous, the 
apical margin darker ; vertex short and broad, medially and 
laterally carinate ; pronotum centrally carinate ; mesonotum tri- 
carinate, the lateral carinations in\\ ardly forked near middle ; face 
broader than long, centrally and laterally carinate. 

Length excl. tegm. 5 ; exp. tegm. 17 millim. 

Bah. Upper Burma ; Minbu (T. Bainhrigge Fletcher). 

Allied to B. swiuhmf!. Walk. (vol. iii, p. 378). 

3277. Ricania obliqiia. ll'alk. (Pochaziu), Li^t Ham. ii, p. 429 (1851); 
Stal (Ricania), Ofr. Vet.-Ak. Fork. 1862, p. 591. 

Vertex of head and abdomen above pitchy-brown ; pronotum 
and mesontum black ; face, clvpeus, and legs ochraceous ; body 
beneath pitchy-brown or blackish ; tegmina pitchy-brown, with 
two transverse pale fasciuc, the innermost near middle and not ex- 
tendinji; above radial area, the outermost strongly sinuate and near 
apical area, a greyish-white spot near end of costal membrane ; 
wings very pale fuliginous, the outer margin somewhat broadly 
fuliginous, narrowing towards anal area ; vertex of head with four 



110 



APPENDIX. — FULGOEID.l-:. 



longitudinal ridges ; pronotum centrally ridged ; mesoDotum tri- 
carinate, the outer cariuations anteriorly bifurcate ; face centrally 




Fig. SI. — Jilcania obligna. 

carinate, a very short anterior longitudinal carinatiou on each side 
before eyes. 

Length excl. tegm. 6-G| ; exp. tegni. 21-22 millim. 

Hab. [Nepal. 

Walker's type in the British Museum was unlocalized. 

3278. Ricania densa, Walk. Joum. Linn. Soc, Zool. \, p. 151 (1870); 

Melich. Ann. Hofmus. JFien, xiii, p. 335 (1898). 

Vertex, pronotum, and mesonotum deep shining black ; abdomen 
above piceous brown ; face piceous or black, the lateral margins 
paler ; sternum black or piceous, legs ochraceous ; abdomen 
beneath piceous brown ; tegmina more or less glossy black with 
a somewhat distinct fascia near middle ; wings fuliginous,, the 
veins darker ; vertex short ; face much broader than long, tri- 
carinate, the lateral carinations abbreviated posteriorly * ; pro- 
notum centrally carinate ; mesonotum tricarinate, the lateral 
carinations forked anteriorly and united to the apex of the central 
carination ; wings with one transverse vein ; apical angles of 
tegmina rounded. 

Length excl. tegm. 4; exp. tegm. J'S^ millim. 

Rab. Upper Burma; Tatkon (T. Balnhrigge Fktclier). — Plores 
( Wallace). 

Allied to B.fumosa, Walk, (vol. iii, p. 382). 

On sugar-cane. 

3279. Ricania tisiplione, sp. n. 

Vertex, pronotum, and mesonotum black ; abdomen piceous 
brown, subapically and broadly annulated with black ; face black 
or piceous brown, the lateral margins paler ; clypeus piceous 
brown, its apex more or less ochraceous ; abdomen beneath a little 
paler than above ; sternum suffused with jjiceous ; legs ochraceous ; 
tegmina piceous, finely mottled with dark ochraceous ; the costal 
and apical areas more black, the first with its extreme margin 



* Walker wrote '• t'ace piceous, not keeled," which is iucorrect. 



RICAXOrTlillA. 



Ill 



finely spotted with ochraceous, the latter with it.s extreme margin 
a little more lai'gely ochraceoiisly maculate, two dark transverse 
fascise near middle, the outermost traversed by an ochraceous line, 
a similar line also divides the black apical area ; wings fuliginoiis, 
the veins darker ; vertex short, centrally and marginally carinate ; 
pronotum centrally carinate ; mesonotum tricarinate, the lateral 
carinations inwardly forked near middle and joining the central 
carination at its apex ; face tricarinate ; apical angles of the 
tegraina suhangnlate. 

Length excl. tegra. 5 ; exp. tegm. J 5 millim. 

Hah. Upper Burma ; Pyinmana {T. Bainhrif/r/e Fletclier). 

3280. Eicania coorgensis, sp. i\. 

Vertex, pronotum, and mesonotum piceous or black ; anterior 
and posterior margins of pronotum with linear, transverse, bluish- 
grey spots ; abdomeu above fuscous brown, much paler at base, 
some bluish'grey spots on apical area ; face dark fuscous brown, 
a few bluish-grey spots on anterior margin, and a bright pale 
castaneous spot at each anterior angle ; clypeus pale castaneous ; 
body beneath black or blackish ; legs ochraceous ; tegmina fuscous 
brown, a minute white spot near end of radial area and a black 
tuberculate spot near apical angle ; wings pale fuscous brown, the 
veins darker ; vertex short and broad, centrally carinate ; pro- 
notum centrally carinate ; mesonotum tricarinate, the lateral 
carinations forked inwardly from about middle and reaching the 
apex of the central carination ; face tricarinate, the carinations 
faint ; wings with two transverse veins; apices of tegmina roundly 
angulate. 

Length excl. tegm. 6 ; exp. tegm. 17-18 millim. 

Hah. S. India; North Coorg, Santikoppa {T. Bainbric/ge 
Fletcher). 

Genus RICANOPTERA. (Vol. Ill, p. 382.) 

3281. Ricanoptera variegata, IJist. A. M. N. H. (S) ix, p. G51 (1912) 
Vertex of head, pronotum, and mesonotum blackish, more or 




Fig. 82. — liicanoptera variegata. 

less thickly covered with greenish or greenish-ochraceous pubes- 
cence ; abdomen above, body beneath, and legs ochraceous ; 



112 APPENDIX. — FULGOEID.T':. 

tegmina with about the basal fourth greenish pubescent, central 
area greyish suffused with blackish and containing a promi- 
nent central black spot, apical area more distinctly piceous, 
costal margin ochraceous spotted with black ; wings very pale 
fuliginous, the veins a little darker ; posterior tibiae with two 
spines ; vertex of head narrow, transverse, its anterior angles 
shortly spinous before eyes ; pronotum centrally carinate ; meso- 
notuni tricarinate, tlie outer carniations bifurcate anteriorly. 

Length excl. tegm. 5^ ; exp. tegm. 17 mm. 

Hah. Ceylon ; Puttafam {Green, Brit. Mis.). 

Allied to a. oj^cica, Dist. 

3282. Ricanoptera ramakrishna, sp. n. 

Vertex and pronotum fuscous brown ; mesonotum black ; ab- 
domen above black with a virescent basal annulatiou ; face and 
clypeus brownish ochraceous ; sternum ochraceous with black 
suffusions, abdomen beneath greenish ochraceous ; legs ochraceous ; 
tegmina with the basal area brownish ochraceous witli darkei- 
mottlings, the apical area more darkly fuscous, basal portion of 
costal margin ochraceous, with a somewhat large greyish marginal 
spot near apex of costal membrane ; wings very pale fuliginous 
with the veins darker ; head with the vertex short and broad, 
centrally carinate ; pronotum centrally carinate with a small 
foveate spot on each side ; mesonotum tricarinate, the lateral 
carinations inwardly forked near middle and connected with the 
apex of the central carination : face broadt-r than long, strongly 
centrally carinate ; tegmina with the apical angles roundly sub- 
angulate. 

Length excl. tegm. 5 ; exp. tegm. 17 millim. 

Hab. Coirabatore Distr. ; Baiiur Forest [liamakrishHu). 

3283. Ricanopteva mackenziei, sp. n. 

Vertex of head brownish ochraceous or pale fuscous, the margins 
and central carination testaceous ; pronotum and mesonotum 
black, the lirst with the anterior margin and central carination 
testaceous ; abdomen above black, the segmental margins testa- 
ceous, the base suffused with ochraceous ; face and clypeus 
brownish ochraceous, the margins and carinations to the first, and 
a central fascia to the latter, testaceous ; sternum blackish ; 
abdomen beneath as above ; legs ochraceous ; tegmina blackish, 
base of costal membi'ane and a large spot near end of same, an 
abbreviated transverse fascia near middle, ah irregular and broken 
transverse fascia before apical marginal area, and the claval area 
ochraceous, the latter mottled with black ; wings very pale fuli- 
ginous, the veins and apical area darker ; face broader than long, 
tricarinate, the lateral carinations less pronounced ; vertex and 
pronotum centrally carinate ; mesonotum tricarinate, the lateral 
carinations forked near middle and reaching the apex of the 



APACHNAS. 113 

central cariiiation ; leginina w ith the apical angles rounded ; 
wings with two transverse veins. 

Length excl. teu'ni, 5; exj). tegni. 1(5 iniiliiii. 

Hah. Cliapra ; W\\vav {Macl-enzie). 

3284. Ricanoptera phalsena, sp. n. 

Yei-tex of head ocliraceous with a black spot before each eye ; 
pronotiim and mesonotum black ; abdomen black, the segmental 
margins and a basal annulation virescent ; face obscure ocbraceous, 
blackish before clypeus which is ocbraceous with its lateral 
margins broadly blackish ; sternum black ; tegmina greyish, sub- 
hyaline, costal membrane, apical niai'gin, and four irregular discal 
spots black, about basal half of costal membrane ocbraceous, a 
spot near end ot same greyish ; claval area mottled with fuscous ; 





W 



Fig, 83. — nicduoitrra fhalcEncu 



wings subhyaline, the veins and apical margins darker ; vertex 
and pronotum centrally carinate ; mesonotum tricarinate, the 
lateral carinations forked inwardly near middle and reaching 
apex of central carination ; face broader than long, centrally and 
laterally carinate ; tegmina with the apical angles rounded ; wings 
with two transverse veins. 

Length excl. tegni. 4| ; exp. tegm. 14| milliin. 

Hcib. Coimbatore District; Eailur Forest {liamakrlsJina). 

Genus EURICANIA. (Vol. Ill, p. 3So.) 

EUKICANIA OCELLUS. (Vol. Ill, p. 385.) 

Add : Hah. Phoobsering, Leboug {H. M. Lefroy). 

Genus APACHNAS. 

(To follow PiiivESA, \'ol. Ill, p. 3S0.) 

Apachnas, Dist. A. M. X. H. (8) iv. p. 330 (1909). 

Type, A. nohiUs, Dist. 
Distribution. ]Nilgiri Hills. 

Vertex short, broadly transverse, the eyes considerably ex- 
tendino- over the lateral margins of the pronotum ; face about as 
VOL, Yl. I 



114 



APPENDIX. FULGORIU.^. 



long as broad, the posterior lateral margius obliquely directed to 
clypeus, tricariiiate, the central carination straight, the lateral 
■carinations moderatel}^ oblique ; clypeus finely medially carinate ; 
pronotum broader than vertex, centrally cariTiate ; mesonotum 
tricarinate, the lateral carinations anteriorly curved inwardly and 
outwardly doubly attached to tlie anterior margin, by a longi- 
tudinal carinate line from near middle and by a shorter line near 
anterior margin ; posterior tibiae with two strong spines on apical 
area ; tegmina and wings hyaline ; tegmina with the costal and 
apical margins subequal in length, each much longer than the 
inner margin and with the costal membrane a little narrower than 
the radial area, with five transverse veins close together at base 
and three (wide apart) between base and stigma, which contains 
about seven oblique transverse veins : basal cell emitting three 
longitudinal veins from its outer margin, which are connected by 
transverse veins at about one-fourth from base, a second series of 
transverse veins and a subapieal series of transverse veins, together 
enclosing four series of cells ; there is also a continuous series of 
submarginal transverse veins, defining a narrow marginal area ; 
clavus with the claval vein connected with the inner and posterior 
margius by two short oblique veins at a little before middle, 
followed by about four transverse veins somewhat wide apart. 



.3285. Apachnas nobilis, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) iv, p. 331 (1909). 

Body and legs olivaceous ; tegmina hyaline, the venation, inter- 
spaces between the basal transverse veins of costal membrane, 
stigma, a spot immediately beneath it with a pale centre, and 
costal margin from stigma to about one-fourth of apical margin. 




Fi^-. 84. — Apaclnias nuhilis. 



fuscous brown, a series of small p.ile fuscous apical maro-inal 
spots, this marginal area a little darker than the discal colour of 
the tegmen ; wings hyaline, the venation fuscous ; structural 
characters as in generic diagnosis. 

Length excl. tegin. G| ; exp. tegm. -22 millim. 

Hah. Nilgiri Hills ; N. sloi)e, '.yS^^ ft. {^ir G. Hampson). 



SAssuLA. — g.t:tulia. 115 

Genus SASSULA to rei)kce Dety.v. (Vol. ]II, p. ;'.87.) 
Sassula, Htdl, Of v. Vet.-Ak. Fiirh. Is70, p. 7()9. 
Type, IS. osmi/loides, AVulk., tVoiii the Malay Archipelago. 

Sassuj.a sokucula, to replace Deti/a fuscomhidosa (VoL III, 
p. 3SS). 

Miriza sorucula Stdl, Ofv. Vet.-Ak. Fork. 1865, p. 164. 

Sassula sorucula, Melich. Ami. Hofinus. Wien, xiii, p. 312, t. xii. 

f. 5, & t. xiv, f. ly (1898). 
Detya fusconebulosa, Dist. (vol. iii, p. 388). 

Add : Ilah. Cambodia. 



G-enus G^TULIA. (Vol. Ill, p. 394.) 

The late Mr. Kirkaldy (Hep. Exp. Stat. Haw. PJaiit. Assoc, iii. 
p. 98, 1907) wrote: — "Distant states that the head is considerably 
narrower than the pronotum. This is incorrect as a generic 
■character, for in G. chrysopokles the eyes project very slightly 
beyond the pronotum ; Distant's figure also scarcely bears out his 
diagnosis ; moreover, the clypeus is not carinate, as, indeed, Stal 
also states." This pronouncement of Kirkaldy was unfortunately 
inaccurate and misleaduig. 

1. That tlie head considerably narrower than the pronotum " is 
incorrect as a generic character " is an amazing remark when the 
accurate figure of the Neotropical type (&. />/eiu';^6'/i?m. Walk. = 
pudibunda, Stal) given by Fowler (Biol. Centr.-Am., Ehynch.- 
Hom. i. t. viii. fig. 13) was available for consultation by one wlio 
Mas evidently unacquainted with the species. The Australian 
species llicania chrijsopoides. Walk., which Kirkaldy referred to as 
typical of Oa't2tUa, has been so placed by none but liimself ; Meli- 
char, in his Monograph (not having seen the species), merely 
remarks " Sclieint zur Gattung Gcetulia zu gehoren." 

2. Stfd did not state that " the clypeus is not carinate," but 
" clypeus lateribus hand carinatis." The clypeus in the type is 
strongly centrally carinate, and laterally, in my opinion, also finely 
carinate ; in the chnjsopoides, Walk., it is distinctly so. 

I have (A. M. N. H. (8) iv, p. 337, 1909) proposed the genus 
JS'urunderia for the reception of chrijsopoides, Walk. 

3286. Gaetulia niontana, Dist. A. M. X. H. (8) ix, p. 651 (1912). 

Body and legs dull viresceut or greenish ochraceous ; anterior 
margin of vertex narrowly piceous ; abdomen above; with a trans- 
verse fascia before middle, followed by a broken longitudinal 

i2 



IIG 



APPENDIX. FULGORID^. 



fascia, piceous ; legs and rostrum more ocliraceous than virescent ; 
tegmina and wings hyaline, the venation fuscous, the tegmina with 
a somewhat large and distinct fuscous marginal spot at end of 
costal membrane, the wings with a distinct fuscous spot at apex 
of abdominal area ; anterior margin of vertex angulate, the apices 




Fig. 85. — Gcetulla moniana. 

of its lateral margins angularly pron)inent ; mesonotum distinctly 
longitudinally tricarinate ; face much louger than broad, the 
lateral margins nearly subparallel ; tegmina with the costal mem- 
brane distinctly arched and broad, narrowed at base and apex. 

Length excl. tegin. 5 ; exp. tegm. 17 millim. 

Hah. E. Himalayas ; Kurseong, 5000 ft. ; Darjiling, 6000 ft. 
{Brit. & Jnd. Mass.). 

Allied to G. nigrovenosa, Melich., but the face longer and its 
lateral margins nearly straight, not widened towards clypeus : 
fuscous spot to wings sometimes absent. 



he 



Subfamily FLATIN^. (Vol. III. p. 397.) 
Salukkis marginellus. (Vol. Ill, p. 418.) 

Mr. J. C. Kershaw (J. Bomb. N. H. Soc. xxi. p. 607, 1912, 
PI. A. figs. 1 and 6) has given the particulars of the development 
of this species from the egg. 



Genus NEOSALURNIS. 

Neosaluniis, Bist. A. M. N. H. (8) v, p. 311 (1910). 

Type, N. reticulatus, Dist. 

Distribution. North India ; Burma. 

Head (including eyes) a little narrower than prouotum, vertex 
about as long as pronotum, somewhat broadly, angularly, and a 
little upwardly produced ; face longer than broad, a little poste- 
riorly and more strongly anteriorly narrowed, the lateral margins 
from a little in front of eyes to clypeus broadly laminately ridged, 
at base with a very short central carination ; clypeus shorter than 



SUMMANUS. 



117 



face, obscurely obliquely striate on each side ; pronotum with a 
central longitudinal ridge : mesonotuin tricarinate ; legs of 
moderate lengtli, tibiae sulcate, posterior tibiae with one spine 
near apex ; tegiuina less than twice as long as broad, the costal 
margin moderately convex, the apex rounded, the apical margin 
obliquely truncate, its posterior angle more or less acutely 
produced, costal membrane narrower than radial area, the first 
transversely veined, the latter reticulately veined, the whole 
tegmen transversely reticulately veined, and a series of longitudinal 
marginal cells more or less continuous with the costal membrane 
extending round apex and along apical margin, clavus coarsely 
granulose ; wings about as broad as tegmina, two transverse 
veins before apical area. 

This genus is allied to Salurnis, Stal, from whicli it principally 
differs by the venation of the tegmina, and by the costal and 
apical marginal series of short longitudinal cells. 

3287. Neosalurnis reticulatus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) v, p. 311 
(1910). 

Head, pronotum, mesonotum, sternum, legs, abdomen beneath, 
and tegmina greenish ochraceous, abdomen above slightly greyishly 
tomentose ; wings milky-white, the veins greenish ; apical and 
sutural margin (beyond clavus) of tegmina finely spotted with 




Fig. 8G. — Neosalurnis reticulatus. 

fuscous brown, posterior margin of clavus more or less fuscous 
brown ; tegmina with all the veins distinctly prominent and a 
little darker in coloration ; other structural characters as in 
generic diagnosis. 

Length excl. tegm. 8 ; exp. tegm. 24 millim. 

Hah. Bhutan {Brit. Mus.). Burma ; Karen Hills (DoJuri)/). 



Genus SUMMANUS, nov. 

Tvpe, 'S'. indiciis, Dist. 

Distribution. South India ; Bombay. 

Head (including eyes) a little narrower than pronotum, vertex 
angularly produced in front of eyes, tlie apex subconical ; face 
much narrowed anteriorly, less narrowed towards clypeus, broadest 



118 



APPENDIX. — rULQORID.i:. 



between eyes ; pronotum slightly shorter than vertex, the lateral 
margins moderatel}' ampliate, anteriorly truncate, both vertex 
and pronotiiui faintly centrally carinate ; niesonotum tricarinate ; 
tegiiiina short and broad, much less than twice as long as broad, 
gradually broadened from base, the apex broadly rounded, costal 
membrane transversely veined and continuous with the apical 
margin, the posterior angle not produced, inner margin straight, 
the apical area irregularly transversely veined, claval area strongly 
granulate ; wings narrower and shorter than tegmina, with two 
transverse veins near apex. 

To be placed near Pulciha, Dist. (vol. iii, p. 419). 



3288. Summanus indiciis, sp. n. 

Vertex, pronotum and mesonotmn dark virescent; abdomenabove 
more ochraceous, segmental margins black, basal area greyishly 
tomentose ; face virescent, remainder of body beneath and legs 
greenish ochraceous ; tegmina virescent, costal and apical margins 




Fig. 87. — Summanus indicus. 

very narrowly shaded with a pink tint; wings milky-white; 
structural characters as in generic diagnosis. 

Length excl. tegm. 5| ; exp. tegm. 14 millini. 

Bab. South India ; JYandidrug (T. V. Camj)helJ). Bombay 
{Dixon tf- T. Bainbriijge Fletcher). 

In spirit specimens the virescent coloration appears as 
ochraceous. 



Genus SATAPA. (Yol. Ill, p. 42G.) 
3289. Satapa tuberculosa, Dist. A. 31. N. IL (8) xiii, p. 421 (1914). 

Eody and legs dull dark ochraceous ; mesonotum fuscous 
brown ; abdominal segmental margins and lateral areas of sternum 
greyishly tomentose ; tegmina pale tawny brown, two prominent 
dark spots on costal membrane and another near apex, the apical 



PLATA. — MELICHARIA. 



119 



half much mottltHl with darker markings, tlie costal membrane 
finelv grainilose near base, a inediiui series of granules, and about 




three distinct tubercles a little before middle, one also on the 
claval area ; wings pale fuliginous, the venation darker. 

Length escl. tegm. Og ; exp. regm. Vi milliin. 

Hab. S. India ; Coimbatore {Bainhnyge Fletcher^ Brit. Mus.). 

Allied to S. sicula, Dist., from Ceylon, but differing in the 
tuberculated tegmina, the posterior angles of which are more 
produced, &c. 

Genus FLATA. (Vol. Ill, p. 427.) 
Flata feekugata. (A'ol. Ill, p, 420.) 

Add: Hub. .N. Bengal; Katihar, Purneah Distr. (Paiva) ; 
Tirvani, Nepal Terai ( Warren), Balighai, near Puri [Annandah'j 
Ind. Mus.). Calcutta {Brit. JIus.). 



Genus MELICHARIA. (Vol. Ill, p. 430.) 

Melicharia quadkata. (Vol. Ill, p. 431.) 

Add: Hcib. South India; Kodaikanal, Chikkaballapura (T. 
J'. Camjtbt'Il). 

MelICHAKIA LACTlFEIiA. (\'ol. Ill, p. 432.) 

lUU: ff(d>. South India; Ivockiikanal (7'. V. CariijibeU). 

3290. Melicharia obtiisangula, Di.sf. A. M. X. II. (S) ix, p. 463 

(191l>). 

Body and legs pale dull ochraceous ; tegmina creamy-w bite with a 
very pale ochraceous tint, especially at costal membrane, extreme 
base, and claval area ; wings pale creamy-white ; head (including 
eyes) a little narrower than pronotum, vertex centrally and 
laterally carinate, the anterior margin subti-uncate, medially 
slightly angulate ; face broad, with a central carination extending 
about half-way from base, the lateral margins broadly re flexed ; 



120 APPENDIX. — rULGORID^. 

clypeus elongate ; tegmina about one and a half times as long 
as broad, apical angle moderately rounded, posterior angle ob- 
tusely rounded, not rectangular ; posterior tibiae with two spines, 
the apical spine short. 

Length excl. tegm. 5j ; exp, tegm. 16-17 millim. 
Hah. Ceylon; Weligama {Bainhruige Fletcher), Mt. Lavinia 
{Green, Brit. Mus.), Trivandrum (Atkinson Coll.). 

Differs from 31. lactifera, Walk., by the obtusely rounded 
posterior angles of the tegmina. 

Genus HILAVRITA. (Vol. Ill, p. 432.) 

3291. Hilavrita discolorata, Bist. A. M. N. If. (8) ix, p. 464 (1912). 

Body and legs brownish ochraceous, the mesonotum distinctly 
darker ; tegmina brownish ochraceous, moderately greyishly 
tomentose, the basal disk and claval area with blackish granules, 
the longitudinal veins piceous ; wings pale fuliginous, the veins 
piceous ; head (including eyes) a little narrower than pronotum ; 
face a little longer than broad, centrally carinate ; pronotum 
rugosely granulate ; mesonotum raised, obsoletely tricarinate ; 
tegmina about one and a half times as long as broad, the apical 
and posterior angles rounded, costal membrane slightly wider than 
radial area. 

Length excl. tegm. 4; exp. tegm. 14-14^ millim. 

Hab. Bengal ; Pusa (C. S. M.). Bombay (Brit. lUns.). 

Allied to H. fatua, Melich., but smaller, no indications of dark 
spots on tegmina, which are distinctly narrower and proportionally 
more elongate. 

3292. Hilavrita obliqua, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) ix, p. 464 (1912). 

In general coloration closely allied to the preceding species 
H. discolorata, but differing widely in the shape of the tegmina, 
which have the apical angle broadly rounded and the apical margin 
strongly oblique to the posterior angle, the tegmina are also nearly 
twice as long as broad from base to apical angle, and in these 
characters differing from all other species of the genus yet 
described. 

Length excl. tegm. 4| ; exp. tegm. 12| millim. 

Hah. Ceylon ; Hambantota (Bainhrigge Fletcher, Brit. Mus.). 

Genus CRYPTOFLATA. (Vol, III, p. 435.) 

Cryptoflata guttulaeis. (Vol. Ill, p. 435.) 

Var. punctipeimis, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) v, p. 302 (1910). 

Tegmina pale virescent, spotted as in tyT^\c?iX guttidnris. 
Assam ; Margherita. o^. China (Brit. Mus.). 



ORTXA. — FORCULUS. 121 

Genus ORYXA. (A^)l. Ill, p. 439.) 

Oryx.v truxcata. (Vo]. Ill, p. -139, fit;;. 2133.) 

Poeciloptora addita, Walk. Lid Horn, ii, ]). 448 (18.")1). 

Poeciloptera plana. Walk. l<>c. cii. p. 4G-J. 

Colobestlies t'alcata, Melich. (part.), Aiin. JIofDiiis. Jl'tt'ii, xvii, 

p. 4;3 (1903). 
Ory.xa tnmcata, Ih'st. Jicc. Iiid. Mus. v, p. 32i> (1910). 

Add: Hah. S. Cevlmi. Java, Borneo. 



Genus FORCULUS. 
Forculus, Dist. A. M. ]\\ H. (8) ix, p. 404 (1912). 

Type, F. pecidiaris, Dist. 

Distribution. Ceylon. 

Head twice as long as the pronotuni, slightly ascendent 
anteriorh", anterior margin angularly rounded, lateral margins 
slightly sinuate, eyes large, at base of head overlapping the 
anterior angles of the pronotum ; face longer than broad, concave, 
its anterior margin convex, angularly widened on eacli side before 
eyes ; clypeus about half as long as face, with a slight central 
longitudinal ridge; pronotum a little more than twice as broad as 
long, its anterior margin more or less truncate between eyes and 
oblique behind eyes ; mesonotum strongly tricarinate, posteriorly 
angulate, a little more than twice as long as pronotum ; legs 
somewhat short and robust ; femora longitudinally sulcate, com- 
pressed, posterior femora with a somewhat long and very distinct 
slender spine at apices ; tibiss moderately compressed, sulcate, 
posterior femora with three spines on apical area ; basal joint of 
tibiae short and thickened ; rostrum reaching the intermediate 
coxie ; tegmina elongate, widest at basal area, where the costal 
margin is strongly convexly arched, distinctly narrowed on apical 
third, costal membrane and about apical half strongly transversely 
veined, clavus more faintly transversely veined, very obsoletely 
granulate, apex of tegmen roundly truncate ; wings broader than 
tegmina, posteriorly dilated at anal area, two transverse veins on 
apical areas. 

Allied to the Neotropical genus Cyarda, Walk., and to be 
placed near the beginning of the Division SeUzaria. 

3293. Forculus peculiaris, Dist. A. M. A\ H. (8) ix, p. 465 (1912). 

Head, pronotum, and mesonotum dull brownish ochraceous 
with darker mottlings ; apex of mesonotuni shining, greyish 
white; abdomen above greenish ochraceous, some of the segmental 
margins narrowly sanguineous ; head beneath, sternum, and legs 
dull pale brownish ochraceous, concave disk of face moi-e piceous; 



122 



APPENDIX. — FULGORID^. 



abdomen beneath greenish ochraceous ; tegmina shining brownish 
ocbraceous, costal membrane and apex more or less marked with 




Fig. 89.- — FoiT/iIiis pcc/i/iaris. 

oli\aceous green ; wings pale t'aliginons A^ith the veins darker ; 
structural characters as in generic diagnosis. 

Length excl. tegm. 8; exp. tegm. 22 millim. 

Hah. Ceylon ; Hambantota, Madulsima (Jjainhrigge FJctclter, 
Brit. Mils.). 

3294. Forculus gibbosus, sp. u. 

Head, pronotuiii, and mesonotnm pale brownish ochraceous with 
darker mottlings ; abdomen above ochraceous, the segmental 
margins narrowly greyish ; face fuscous brown with the margins 
ochraceous ; clypeus, sternum, and legs more or less ochraceous, 
the legs with darker mottlings ; abdomen beneatli pale fuscous, 
more or less greyishl}' tomentose ; tegmina brownish ochraceous, 
a large irregularly-shaped greyish spot above clavns which is 
paler in hue with its veins margined with fuf-cous ; wings fuli- 
ginous, a little darker on apical areas. 

Length excl. tegm. 8 ; exp. tegm. '21 millim. 

Bah. Ceylon ; Maha Illupalama {J. C. F. Fryer). 

Allied to the preceding species F. liemliaris, but differing in the 
much more convexly arched basal costal area of the tegmina and 
the more truncate apex of same, with the pale discal spot above 
clavus. 



3295. Forculus viridis, sp. n. 

Vertex, pronotum, and mesonotnm greenish ochrar-eous ; abdo- 
men above pale virescent, the segmental margins darker green ; 
face and clypeus greyish white, the margins nairo\\ly greenish 
ochraceous; sternum and legs greenish ochraceous; the latter 
with the tibiae and tarsi distinctly darker, tarsal claws black; 
abdomen beneath pale virescent ; tegmina greenish ochraceous, a 
small castaneous spot beneath radial area at a short distance from 
base, beyond middle the costal margin is minutely spotted with 
castaneous, the apical margin more sti-ongly so, tbe inner apical 
margin minutely spotted ; wings darkly greyish, with a small 
longitudinal fuscous streak near apical area. 



FORCULUSOIDES. 



123 



Length excl. tegm. 9 ; exp. tegin. 23 millim. 

Hah. Ceylon ; Maha Ilhipalaiiia {J. C. F. Fri/er). 

Allied to the two preceding spet-ies, but apart from the different 
coloration and markings the tegmina are more broadly and evenly 
elevated on the costal margin. 



Genus FORCULUSOIDES, nov. 

Type, F. rubvonervis, Dist. 

Distribution. Ceylon. 

AUieil to the preceding genus Forctdtis, but the head much 
shorter, not twice as long and only slightly longer than the pro- 
uotum ; face as long as broad, not longer than broad, moderately 
convex, not concave ; clypeus almost as long as face, not half 
as long ; pronotum not truncate between the eyes but distinctly 
convexly produced ; other characters generally as in Forculus. 



3290. Forculusoides rubronervis, sp. n. 

Vertex, pronotum, and mesonotum dark greenish ochraceous 
with darker mottlings ; abdomen above virescent, paler at base, the 
segmental mai'gins also paler ; face greenish, the margins more 
ochraceous; clypeus pale castaneous, the margins and a central 
fascia pale greenish ochraceous ; body beneath aud legs greenish 




Fie. 90. — Forruluaoides rubronervis. 



ochraceous, the abdomen darker and minutely spotted with black ; 
femora more or less streaked with pale castaneous, posterior tibi;e 
with their basal areas much darker ; tegmina pale testaceous, the 
venation dark testaceous, a distinct tuberculous testaceous spot on 
disk of basal area, extreme costal margin spotted with fuscous, and 
a small discal fuscous spot beyond middle; wiug« pale fuliginous, 
the veins and apical area distinctly darker ; vertex of head 
centrally longitudinally depressed, the lateral margins ridged ; 
pronotum faintly centrally ridged ; mesonotum strongly tricai'iuate, 
the lateral carinations anteriorly recurved. 

Length excl. tegm. 8 ; exp. 25 millim. 

Hab. Ceylon; Madulsima (/i". E. Green). 



1-4 APPENDIX. — FULGOlilD.E. 

Genus SELIZA. (Vol. Ill, p. 440.) 

SelIZA ? NIGKOPU>X'TATA. (VoL III, p. 443). 

Add : Hah. Bengal. Pusa and Dacca (C. S. J/., Brit. Mus.). 
Found on sugar-cane at Pusa. 

3297. Seliza pusana, Dlst. A. 31. N. H. (8) ix, p. 465 (1912). 

Body aud legs pale castaneous brown, disk o£ mesonotum black ; 
tegmina brownish ochraceous ; wings fuliginous with the veins 
darker ; head (including eyes) narrower than pronotum, centrally 
moderately de])ressed, lateral margins distinctly ridged ; face a 
little longer than broad, centrally longitudinally carinate, the 
lateral margins strongly ridged ; pronotum centrally bicarinate ; 
mesonotum discally triearinate ; tegmina about twice as long as 
broad, costal margin arched at base, very slightly sinuate before 
apex, apical angle obtusely rounded, the posterior angle moderately 
roundly posteriorly produced, costal membrane very slightly 
narrower than radial area at base of each, tegmina transversely 
veined from a little beyond middle to the apical cells. 

Length excl, tesm. o ; exp. tegm. 14|-15 millim. 

Bab. Bengal; Palamow {D. P. S., Brit. Mus.). 

By the sha])e of the tegmina this species comes nearest to 
S. Uc/naria, Walk., from China, but differs by the less reticulate 
venation to same; from the other Indian species it is to be recog- 
nized by the almost non-sinuate and more rounded apical tegminal 
margin. 

Genus PARAGOMEDA. 

Paragomeda, Bist. A.M. N. H. (8) xiii, p. 421 (1914). 

Type, P. typica, Dist. 

Distribution. South India. 

Head longer than breadth between eyes, narrowed anteriorly ; 
face considerably longer than broad, obliquely narrowed at base, 
centrally carinate ; pronotum shorter than vertex, centrally finely 
carinate, its lateral margins laminate ; mesonotum triearinate ; 
tegmina about twice as long as broad, with the costal membrane 
very strongly arched and convex, moderately sinuate before apex, 
apical margin truncate, the apical and posterior angles not rounded, 
posterior margin slightly sinuate, costal membrane scarcely or very 
little wider than radial area, venation generally as in Gomeda ; 
wings very little broader than tegmina. 

Allied to Gomeda, Dist., but separated by the different-shaped 
and more produced vertex of head, the strongly arched and convex 
costal membrane, and the angulate apical and posterior tegminal 
angles, &c. 



KETUMALA, 



125 



3298. Paragomeda typica, Dlxt. A.M. N. H. (8) xiii,p. 422 (1914). 

Body above and beneath ochraceons, the legs paler, the abdomen 
above basally and apically cretaceoiisly tomentose ; teginiiia pale 
ochraeeous, sparingly spotted with brownish, the apical cells 




Fie;. 91. — Paragomeda ii/pka. 

brownish, preceded by a similar series of transverse brownish 
spots ; wings creamy-white ; structural characters as in generic 
diagnosis. 

Length excl. tegm. 44 ; exji. tegm. 12^ millim. 

Hah. S.India; Nandidrug (2'. V. CamjibeU). 

3299. Paragomeda viridis, I)ist. A.M. N. H. (8) xiii, p. 422 (1914). 

Head, pronotum, and mesonotum virescent; abdomen, body 
beneath, and legs ochraeeous ; tegmina virescent, the margins very 
narrowly pale ochraeeous, the apical margin minutely spotted with 
pale brownish, and a few scattered minute brownish spots on dislv ; 
wings creamy-white; vertex only slightly longer than pronotum, 
which is centrally carinate ; mesonotum tricarinate. 

Length excl. tegm. 3.4 ; exp. tegm. 12| millim. 

Hah. S.India; Xaudidrug (7^. V. Campbell). 

A single carded specimen of this species allows no further 
description than the above. 



Genus KETUMALA. (Vol. Ill, p. 44G.) 

3300. Ketiimala siniiata, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) ix, p. 466 (1912). 

Head, pronotum, mesouotura, face, and legs pale castaneous 
brown, abdomen and sternum paler and more ochraeeous ; te"-- 
mina brownisli ochraeeous, the claval suture paler ; w-ings fuli- 
ginous with the veins darker; head narrower than pronotum, 
vertex obscurely centrally carinate, the lateral margins strongly 
ridged ; face about as long as broad, with a short central lono-i- 
tudinal carination ; pronotum strongly anteriorly produced, with 
a short obscure central carination near anterior margin ; tcnnina 
about twice as long as broad, costal margin arched at base, 



126 APPENDIX. — FULGORID^. 

distinctly sinuate before apex, apical margin truncate, costdl 
membrane mncli wider than radial area. 

Length excl. tegm. 4 ; exp. tegm. 15 millim. 

Hah. Cevlon ; Weligauia {Bainbrigf/e Fletcher, Brit. Mus.). 

Allied to K. bisecta, Kirb}^ but the tegmiaa a little more 
elongate, considerably more sinuate before apex, and paler in 
coloration. 

3301. Ketumala farinosa, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) ix, p. 466 (1912). 

Body, legs, and tegmina dull pale ochraceous, the latter dis- 
tinctly greyishly tomentose ; wings pale fuliginous with the veins 
darker; head (including eyes) narrower than pronotum ; vertex 
broad, the lateral margins strongly ridged, obscurely ceiitrally 
carinate ; face about as broad as long, almost percurrently 
centrally carinate; pronotum strongly anteriorly produced; nieso- 
notum discally tricarinate ; tegmina about or nearly twice as long 
as broad, costal margin arched at base, moderately sinuate before 
apex, apical margin truncate, costal membrane much wider than 
radial area, clavus thickly finely granulose. 

Length excl. tegm. 5 ; exp. tegm. 15 millim. 

Hah. Ceylon; Hambantota (Bainbrige/e Fletcher, Brit. Mus.). 

By the percurrently carinate face and the greyishly tomentose 
tegmina this species is to be distinctly recognized. 

3302. Ketumala fuscomarginata, sp, n. 

Vertex, pronotum, and mesonotutn very pale greenish ochra- 
ceous ; abdouien above pale virescent ; body beneath pale virescent, 
the legs pale ochraceous; pronotum and mesouotum with a very 
pale and somewhat indistinct fuscous central fascia ; tegmina ])ale 
greenish with an ochraceous tint, the apical margin (narrowly) 
and the inner margin (more broadly and darkly) fuscous brown ; 
wings pale greyish ; vertex broad and narrow^ the lateral marginal 
angles slightly spinous before the eyes; mesonotum very feebly 
tricarinate ; tegmina about twice as long as broad, costal margin 
arched at base, posterior angle not produced, apical angle roundly 
augidate, costal membrane much wider than radial area, the tirst 
coarsely transversely veiued ; wings at base about as broad as 
tegmina. 

Length excl. tegm. 5 ; exp. tegm. 14 millim. 

Hab. South India; Kodaikanal {T. V. Campbell). 

Allied to K. ruhromarginata, Dist., from the Seychelles. 

Genus PARAKETUMALA. 

Paraketumala, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) ix, p. 467 (1912). 

Type, P. anomala, Dist. 

Distribntion, Bengal. 

Allied to Kettimala, Dist., but differing by the face being per- 



ANA.TA, 



127 



currently carinate and the tegmina distinctly transversely veined 
on apical area as in Seliza. 

The second character prevents its inclusion in Keturnala or the 
allied genera, whilst from Seliza it is separated by the short 
and broad face and the non-produced posterior angles of the 
tegmina. 

^3U3. Paraketumala anomala, Dist. A. M. N. 11. (8) ix, p. 4G7 

(UI12). 

Body and legs brownish ochraceous ; tegmina dull pale ochra- 
ceous, more or less greyishly tomentose ; wings pale fuliginous 
with the veins darker ; head (including eyes) narrower than ])ro- 
notum, vertex narrow, broad, anteriorly subtruncate, the anterior 
apices of the lateral margins a little prominent, the lateral 
margins strongly ridged ; face about as broad as long, centrally 
percurrently carinate, its lateral margins ampliately ridged, a little 




Fig. 'J2. — Varaketumala auomala. 

narrowed towards clypeus, which is centrally carinate and oblicjuely 
striate on each lateral area; pronotum with very fine longitu- 
dinal ridges ; posterior tibia3 with two spines beyond middle and 
an apical spine ; tegmina about twice as long as broad, costal 
margin arched at base, very slightly sinuate before apex, apical 
margin roundly truncate, posterior angle not produced, costal 
membrane much wider than radial area, the first closely trans- 
versely veined, a curved line proceeding from end of radial area 
to about apex of clavus, defining narrow elongate longitudinal 
marginal cellular areas, preceding these areas the disk is for a 
short distance transversely or reticulately veined. 

ExD. tegm. 15 miUim. 

Hiilj. Bengal ; Busa {G. S. M., Brit. Mus.). 



Genus ANAYA. (Vol. III. p. 447.) 

3304. Anaya nicobarensis, Dht. A. M. N. H. (8) v, p. 31G (1910). 

Bodv and legs brownish ochraceous ; lateral spots to abdomen 
above, vertex, and face chocolate-brown ; tegmina brownish 



128 APPEXDIX. FULGORIUJ.. 

ochraceous, the apical margin paler, about basal half of costal 
Hierabraiie and radial area jet-black, clavus piceous, a central 
discal white patch on which are three somewhat large black 
spots, and beyond this white patch a cluster of more irregular 
and smaller black spots; wings pale fuliginous, with greyish- 
white streaks between the veins on basal area; vertex transverse, 
centrally ridged and laterally carinate ; face about as broad as long, 
centrally ridged, laterally broadly laniinately ridged; tegmina 
with the costal margin arched at base, the apical margin truncate ; 
costal membrane a little wider than radial area; clavus somewhat 
strongly granulose. 

Length excl. tegm. 6| ; exp. tegm. 17 millim. 

Hab. Nicobar Islands; Xarcondam {G. Rogers, Brit. Jlus.). 



3305. Anaya nigropunctata, sp. u. 

Head, ])ronotum, and mesonotum ochraceous ; abdomen above 
paler and with a slight virescent tint; body beneath and legs 
pale ochraceous ; tegmina pale ochraceous ; the veins on apical 
area much mottled with brownish ochraceous, about nine small 




Fig. 93. — Anaya nigropunctuta. 

black spots, situate three in radial area, and the others in longi- 
tudinal series near middle of tegmen ; wings creamy-white ; vertex 
a little narrow^er than pronotum, centrally very obscurely ridged 
and laterally carinate; pronotum centrally ridged; mesonotum 
tricarinate : tegmina with two transverse subapical lines. 

Length excl. tet^m. 5 ; exp. tegm. 12 millim. 

Hah. South India; Ivodaikanal (jT. V. Camphell). 



Genus PARANOTUS. 

Parauotus, Karsch, Berl. ent. Zeitsdir. xxxv, p. 66 (1890) ; M elicit. 
Ami. Hofmus. Wicn, xvii, p. 24 (1902). 

Type, P. rufilinexis, Walk., an Ethiopian species. 

Distrilmtion.. Ceylon. West, East, and South Africa. 

Head about twice as long as broad, centrally longitudinally^ 



PARANOTUS. 129 

earinate, tlie lateral margins also carinate, the apical margin sub- 
angularly truncate ; the head is narrower than the pronotum and 
the eyes do not reach the pronotal angles ; face as broad as long, 
the lateral margins convexly narrowing to clypeus and finely 
carinate, a central longitudinal carination extending from anterior 
margin to near middle; clypeus centrally and laterally carinate ; 
pronotum transverse, nan-ow, about as long as head, obliquely 
sinuate behind eyes, centrally moderately carinate, the posterior 
margin snbangularly sinuate; mesonotuin strongly bicariuate 
(a central carination indistinctly recognised owing to pin-mutila- 
tion in type) ; tegmina a little more than twice as long as broad, 
their apical margins truncate but with their posterior angles not 
produced, the outer disk reticulately veined, an indistinct narrow 
transverse line separating the apical veins which are mostly 
furcate, costal membrane closely transversely veined, lo\\er 
claval area thickly granulate ; wings broader and a little shorter 
than tegmina, two transverse veins on apical area. 

This genus is to be placed in the division Selizaria and near 
Farona. 

3306. Paranotus limbatiis, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) ix, p. 467 (1912). 

Head, pronotum, and mesonotutn virescent ; abdomen above 
more bluish green ; body beneath and legs virescent ; tibifB more 
or less suffused with castaneous, tarsi castaneous ; tegmina 
virescent, costal and apical margins and posterior margin from 




Fig. 94. — Faraiiotus limbaiiis. 



end of clavus to apex narrowly sanguineous ; wings palo bluish 
grey; structural characters as in generic diagnosis. 

Length excl. tegm. 6; exp. tegm. 19 millim. 

Hah. Ceylon; Hor ton Plains (Crz-^t'n, Brit. Mus.). 



3307. Paranotus niaciilosus, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) ix, p. 4(38 (1912) 

Allied to the preceding species P. limhatn.s, but differing in the 
following tegminal characters : more convexly arched at base, 
the apex less angulate and a little more rounded, the reddish 

VOL. VI. K 



180 APPENDIX. — PULGOEIPJE. 

maro-ins more pronounced, more castaneous in hue and extending 
alono- claval margin, on disk three more or less well-detined sets 
of sm;dl pale brownish spots situate between the veins ; head, 
face, body beneath, and legs ochraceous, the tibite and tarsi being 
only faintly darker. 

Length excl. tegm. ; exp. tegm. 17 millim. 

Hah. Ceylon; VsX\'\])o\ii {Green, Bril. Mas.). 

Genns ATRACIS. (Vol. HI, p. 450.) 

3308. Atracis facialis, Dist. A. M. N. U. (8) ix, p. 468 (1912). 

Head, pronotum, body beneath, and legs ochraceous ; abdomen 
above ochraceous, greyishly tomeiitose ; head, thorax, and face 
more or less finely mottled witli fuscous, the meaonotum Avith 
larger piceous spots ; tegmina pale ochraceous, more or less finely 
mottled with piceous; wings finely greyishly tomentose ; head 
(including eyes) narrower than pronotum, vertex longer than broad, 
in front of eyes distinctly foveate, the apex narrowed and roundly 
angulate ; face much longer than broad, the anterior angles of 
the lateral margins only obtusely prominent, the lateral angles 
behind anterior third ampliately ridged ; clypeus obliquely finely 
carinate on lateral areas ; pronotum slightly shorter than vertex 
of head, the disk distinctly elevated and laterally ridged behind 
eyes, the lateral areas depressed and marginally i-idged ; meso- 
notnm about or almost as long as head and pronotum together, 
the disk elevated with its sides distinctly carinate ; tegmina a 
little more than twice as long as broad, the costal membrane 
quite three times as broad as radial area, costal margin slightly 
waved and uneven, apical margin roundly truncate. 

Length excl. tegm. 9 ; exp. tegm. 20 millim. 

Bah. Ceylon ; Wellawaya {Green, Brit. iShis.). 

By the tegmina allied to A. nietneri, Stal, but a smaller species 
and the shape of the face very distinct ; tegmina narrower, &c. 

3309. Atracis atkinsoni, Dist. A. M. K. H. (8) ix, p. 468 (1912). 

Body and legs dull ochraceous ; apical h.ilf of vertex and apical 
half of face more or le^s spotted with black ; mesonotum with a 
black spot near each anterior angle, its disk mutilated in type ; 
teo'uiina greyish white mottled with ochraceous and fuscous, 
the fuscous shadings being distinctly confluent on apical and 
basal areas and transversely linear on costal membrane ; w ings 
crreyish white, subhyaline, the veins ochraceous ; vertex longer 
than broad, foveate, the apex broadly angulate, the lateral 
margins strongly ampliately ridged ; face much longer than 
broad, the lateral margins ampliately ridged, the posterior 
half considerably bi'oader, the anterior half obscurely centrally 
carinate; tegmina about twice as long as broad, the costal mai-gin 



ATRACIS. 131 



slightly waved and uneven, costal membrane a little more than 
twice as broad as radial area, vvliich is strongly \\aved, a few 
small discal tubercles on apical third. 

Length excl. tegni. 7 ; exp. tegin. 34 raillim. 

Htih. Ceylon ; Ptnidaluoya (Atkinson Coll., Brit. Mus.). 

By the shape of tegmiua and face allied to A. moelleri, Dist. 



3310. Atracis haragamensis, Dist. A. M. N. II. (8) ix. p. 469 (1912). 

Body above pale virescent, vertex of head and thorax more or 
less mottled \\\t\\ castaneous ; abdomen above paler, a central line 
and posterior lateral fasciye virescent ; body beneath and legs 
pale oc'hraceous, anterior margin of face piceous ; tegiiiina pale 
virescent, more or less finely mottled with fuscous; wings greyish 
white, subliyaliue, the veins pale ochraceous ; vertex longer than 
broad, foveate, the apex broadly angulate, the lateral margins 
strongly ridged ; face much longer than broad, shortly broadly 
carinate on anterior area, gradually widening to region of eyes 
and thence more regularly continued to clypeus, the lateral 
margins anipliately ridged ; clypeus with the lateral areas finely 
obliquely carinate ; tegmina about twice as long as broad, the 
costal margin very strongly waved and sinuate, the costal 
membrane more than three times as broad as radial area, apical 
margin roundly truncate, obsoletely finely tuberculous on apical 
third. 

Length excl. tegm. 9 ; exp. tegm. 30 millim. 

Hab. Ceylon; Haragam {Green, Brit. Mus.). 

This species by the strongly sinuate costal margin of the 
tegmina is allied to A. perpJe.va, Walk., and A. cretacea, Dist. 



3311. Atracis greeni, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) ix. p. 469 (1912). 

Body and legs ochi'aceous ; abd(m)en above with a central line 
and the posterior lateral areas virescent ; tegmina dull creamy, 
opaque, with fuscous lineai- markings, which ai-e a little more 
prominent in the costal membrane and apical area, the basal 
area faintly suffused with pale fuscous ; wings creamy-white, 
subhyaline ; head narrower than pronotum, vertex longer than 
broad, concave, more or less granulate, the lateral margins 
upwardlv ridged, the apex angularly rounded ; face much longer 
than broad, its anterior area speckled with fuscous, lateral 
mar'nns finely ridged, moderately sinuate to eyes, thence a little 
convexly broadened to clypeus, which is obscurely centrally 
carinate ; tegmina with the costal membrane about three times 
broader than radial area, the costal margin moderately sinuate, 
apical margin roundly truncate. 

Length excl. tegm. 9 ; exp. tegm. 2(5 millim. 

Hah. Ceylon ; Peradeniya {Green, Brit, Mus.). 

K 2 



132 



APPENDIX. PULGOEID^. 



Allied to the preceding species A. Jiarac/amensis, Dist., but 
differing by the less sinuate costal margin of tegmina and the 
different shape of the face, colour and markings of tegminn, &c, 

Atracis fimbria. (Vol. Ill, p. 457, fig. 247.) 
Add: Ila/j. Ceylon; Fnndalaoyd (Green). 

3312- Atracis sadeyana, l)ist. A. M. N. II. (8) ix, p. 470 (1912). 

Body and legs ochraceous ; mesonotuni with a linear black 
fascia on each side; abdomen much mutilated in type, the 
base castaneons above ; tegmina pale ochraceous with fuscous 
markings, of which the principal are an oblique broken fascia 
extending from apex of radial area to basal area of clavus, some 
irregular spots at and above apex of clavus and scattered minute 
spots round apical margin ; wings dull greyish white, the veins 
ochraceous; head narrower than pronotum, vertex a little longer 




Fig. 95. — Atracis sadeyana. 

than broad, somewliat upwardly directed, moderately flat, but the 
lateral margins strongly ridged ; face considerably longer than 
broad, the lateral margins subparallel and very strongly ridged, 
its disk smooth and moderately flattened ; clypeus finely obliquely 
striate on each lateral area; pronotum distinctly centrally ridged ; 
tef^mina a little more than twice as long as broad, tlie costal 
margin moderately sinuate, the costal membrane at base a little 
more than three times broader than radial area, apical margin 
very roundly truncate. 

Exp. tegm. 28 millim. 

Hah. Assam; Sadeya (Br?./. Mus.). 



3313. Atracis clypeata, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) xiii, p. 422 (1914). 

Body above pale greenish ochraceous ; vertex ^^ ith two small 
spots at apex and the lateral margins near eyes black: mesonotum 
with somewhat large linear black spots forming two broken ante- 
riorly converging fascia^ ; abdomen above with two dark basal 
spots and three pale greenish longitudinal fasciae, one central, 



ATRACIS. 



133 



the other two lateral ; face with some small hlack marks near 
anterior margin, clypeus with two central brown fascisc united 
posteriorly; legs ochraceous ; tegiiiina o|)aque, greyish, with a 
slightly greenish tint, a few small black spots near base, and 
some other mostly linear on apical area, the veins greenisii 
ochraceous ; wings creamy-white, the veins greenish ochraceous ; 
vertex about as long as the pronotum, centrally longitudinally 
incised, foveate, with the lateral margins strongly recurved ; 
lateral margins of the pronotum moderately recurved ; face 
longer than broad, narrowed anteriorly, lateral margins strongly 
recurved ; tegmina with the costal membrane about three times 
as wide as radial area. 

Length excl. tegm. 1 1 ; exp. tegin. 32 uiillim. 

Hah. Ceylon {J. C. Frj/er, Brit. Mus.). 

3314, Atracis nalandensis, Disf. A. M. X. H. (8) xlii, p. 4i'3 (19M). 

Body above dull brownish mottled with darker markings, the 
mesonotum with two discal, longitudinal, anteriorly converging 
black fasciae ; abdomen with t\\"o basal exca\'ated black spots ; 
face and clypeus somewhat more palely ochraceous, the first 
with its anterior area more or less speckled with black ; tegmina 
ochraceous, irregularly speckled and spotted with black (these 




Fig. 9G. — Atracis nalandeiisis, 

markings vary in different specimens); wings pale fuliginous, 
a little paler on central area ; vertex about as long as pronotum, 
distinctly foveate, the lateral margins strongly recurved ; pro- 
notum with the lateral margins also strongly recurved ; face 
considerably longer than broad, narrowed anteriorly, the lateral 
margins strongly recurved ; clypeus finely, darkly, transversely 
striate ; tegmina with the costal membrane more than twice as 
broad as radial area. 

Length excl. tegm. 12 ; exp. tegm. 33 millim. 

Hah. Ceylon ; Nalanda {Atkinson Coll., Brit. Mus.). Assam ; 
Margherita (DoJierti/). 

3315. Atracis dissimilis, 1)14. A. M. N. II. (8) xiii, p. 123 (1914). 

Body above greenish ochraceous ; abdominal segmental margins 
a little paler ; legs ochraceous ; tegmina greyish ochraceous. 



I'M APPENDIX.— FULGOBIDiE, 

opaque, witli .some small ill-defined darker sjDofcs, of which 
the largest are two in vertical series near base and another on 
apical area ; wijigs creamy-white ; vertex slightly longer than 
prouotum, strongly, central!}" longitudinally incised, the lateral 
margins recurved ; pronotum centrally longitudinally ridged, tlie 
lateral margins recurved: mesonotum somewhat crushed and 
mutilated in typical specimen ; abdomen above centrally longi- 
tudinally carinate ; face with the apex distinctly darkei', centrally 
lonfj;itudinally carinate, longer than broad, the lateral margins 
moderately convex and recurved ; clypeus with brownish oblique 
striations on each lateral area; tegmina with the costal membrane 
tliree times as broad as radial area. 

Length excl. tegm. 11 ; exp. tegm. 1^8 millim. 

Hah. S.Mysore; Goorghalli Estate (Balnbriyge Fletcher, Brit. 
Mus.'). 



Subfamily DELPIIACIN/E. (Vol. Ill, p. 165.) 

Genus PUNDALUOrA. (Vol. Ill, p. 467.) 

Pmidaluoya, Kirk. J. Bomb. Nat. Hist. Soc. xiv, p. 52 (1902). 
Peregrinus, Kirk. Entomologist, xxxvii, p. 175 (1901). 



PUNDALUOYA SIMPLICIA. (Vol. Ill, p. 468, fig. 255.) 

]'eregrinus niaidis, Kir],-, [nee Ashmead), Faioi. Hav:. ii, p. ")77 (li)lO). 
Puiidaluova simplici;i, BuiitJtr. Fldcli. Soine S. Ind. Ins. p. 491, tig. ;_i82 
(1914)." 

Tlie late Mr. Kirkaldy created (above and elsewhere) con- 
siderable confusion as regards this genus and species. He stated 
that it =D. maidis, Ashm., and D.psyUoldes, Leth., and proposing 
a new genus for it under Fererfrinus. 

That it is not the same as maidis, Ashmead, mIio figured his 
species, is clear from the structure of the face and the venation 
of the wings ; moreover, the British Museum now possesses a 
specimen from Hawaii labelled viaidis, Ashm., which is un- 
doubtedly simpUcia, Dist. He also added to the synonymy the 
Dclphax psyUoidcs, Leth., which was well figured (Ind. Mus. 
Notes, iii, p. 105, 1896), includhig sectioual characters, and 
therefore cannot be placed in the same genus, nor in the same 
subfamily. 

Add: Hah. Throughout the plains of Southern India {Bain- 
hrvjge Fletcher), Chikkaballapura {T. V. Campbell). — Seychelle 
Islds, ; Hawaiian Islds. ; Southern Nigeria. Probably also from 
Fiji, New South Wales, and Java, from which localities Kirkaldy 
may have recorded it under the name of F. maidis. 



PUNDALUOYA. 



135 



3316. Puudahioya insignis, l)i>ii. A. M. \. H. (S) i.\, p. liK) (I!)!:.'). 

Head, proiiuUim, ;iud mesouotuai oelii'iiceous, lateral areas of 
pro- aud inesonota black ; abdomen above l)lack, lateral margins 
more or less minutely spotted with testaceous ; body beneath 
black ; legs pale testaceous, femora and apices of tibia? mostly 
black ; tegmina subhyaliue, more than basal lialf brownish ochra- 
eeous where the veins are brownly granulose, apical area piceous, 
\\ith a large stigmata! triangular spot above and a marginal series 
of smaller si)Ots greyish white ; wings hyaline, the veins fuscous; 
vertex short, broad, marginally and centrally carinate, the anterior 
margin almost in a line with the anterior margins of the eyes; 
face sometimes distinctly bieolorous, then between the eyes being 
castaneous, tricarinatft. 

Length excl. tegm. 3-3g ; exp. tegm. 9-10 millim. 

l/al). Bengal ; Pusa {Brit. Mus.). Tjalighai, near Puri, Orissa 
{Ind. Mas.). Bou)ba)' ; Bassein Fort (Brit. Mus.). 

At Pnsa it is recorded as taken on Avheat, at light, and in 
jungle ; a single specimen was taken by Dr. Anuandale in 
Orissa. 



3317. Pundaluoya pulchella, Disf. A. 37. X. H. (S) ix, p. 190 (1912j. 

Body above black; vertex much suffused with ochraceous ; 
ridges to pro- and mesonota ochraceous ; abdomen spotted on 
each side near base with ochraceous; body beneath and legs 
black ; lace more or less speckled with ochraceous, the central 
and lat(M-al cariuations, the apex and cheeks also ochraceous ; 




Fig. 97. — Pundcdiioi/a pulchella. 



basal margin of clypeus ochraceous; legs more or less streaked 
with ochraceous ; tegmnia hyaline, veins rather thickly speckled 
with fuscous grannies, a curved fascia extending from stigma to 
posterior angle and then upwardly recurved to near apex, two 
short oblique fasciae beyond stigma and a marginal line near apex 
of clavus, fuscous; wings hyaline, the veins darker; face with the 
central carination bifurcating at a little beyond middle. 



136 APPENDIX. — FULGOBID^. 

Var. Head, proiiotum, and niesouotuiii castaneous, not black. 

Length excl. tegm. 2;^ ; exp. tegm. 10 millim. 

Hah. Cevlon ; Peradeniya and Trincomalee (Green, Brit. Mus.). 
Bengal; Pusa (//. L. D.), Chapra (Machenzie, Brit. 3Ius.); 
Travancore; Temalai, W. Gliats {Annandale, Ind. Mus.). Bombay; 
Bassein Fort {Brit. ^yHs.).— Seychelle Islds. ; Mahe. 

3318. Pundaluoya facialis, Dist. A. M.N. H. (S) ix, p. 101 (191-J). 

Vertex, pronotum, and mesonotum ocbraceous ; abdomen above 
black, more or less annulated with ochraceous ; face ocbraceous, 
castaneous between the eyes, clypeus black ; cheeks ochraceous, 
spotted with black ; sternum and legs ochraceous ; abdomen 
beneath fuscous brown, a central fascia and lateral spots ochra- 
ceous ; tegmina hyaline, the veins rather thickly speckled with 
fuscous, a curved longitudinal fascia extending from the apices of 
the longitudinal veins to apex, two short oblique fasciae beyond 
stigma, apical spots at terminations of apical veins, and a marginal 
line near apex of clavus, fuscous. 

Length excl. tegm. 2^ ; exp. tegm. 9| millim. 

Hab. Bengal ; Chapra (Macl-enzie, Brit. Mus.). 

Bv the markings of the tegmina allied to P. sinqilicia, List., 
but differing from that species by the speckled venation, &c. 

Genus PUROHITA. (Vol. Ill, p. 470.) 

3319. Purohita ariindinacese, Dist. Ent. Month. Mag. (2) xviii, p. 10 

(1907) ; Antram, J. Bomb. Nat. Hist. Soc. xvii, p. 1024 (1907). 

Body and legs ochraceous ; antennae fuscous; face carmine-red 
to posterior margin of eyes, thence cretaceous \\ bite to clypeus ; 
lateral margins of presternum carmine-red, inwardly ruargined 
with cretaceous white ; anterior and intermediate legs striped 
with black, apices of tarsi black ; the cariuatious to vertex, pro- 
and mesonota greyish, as is also the apical area of the latter, 
which has a dark apical spot ; abdomen above with the three 
posterior segments pur])lish red with the margins ochraceous ; 
tegmina creamy-white, all the veins spotted with black, the 
marginal spots largest, and commencing at end of radial area, 
terminating at apex of claval area ; wings hyaline, the venation 
pale fuscous ; vertex strongly ridged at lateral margins, and A\ith 
a faint central pale carination ; pronotum angularly emarginate at 
posterior margin ; face strongly tricarinate ; clypeus medially and 
laterally carinate ; first joint of antennae long and broad, broadly 
centrally ridged on each side, second joint more than half the 
length of first ; apical spur to i)osierior tibiae long and robust ; 
tegminal veins more or less granulose. 

Length excl. tegm. 4-5; exp. tegm. 11-14 millim. 

Hah. Darjiling, 3100 feet. 

This species was found by Dr. H. H. Mann attacking bamboos 
at Darjiling. 



ONKELOS. 



137 



Genus ONKELOS, nov. 

Type, 0. annulatiis, Dist. 

Distribution. South India. 

Vertex oi" head broader than long, distinctly projeetinfi,' betV)re 
eyes, the apex roundly truncate, the disk foveate with a broad 
central ridge and two sublateral carinations which meet anteriorly ; 
face longer than broad, anterior margin truncate, convexly rounded 
towards clypeus, finely centrally carinate, laterally broadly sub- 
laminate; cly])eus more than half the length of face, somewhat 
broadly centrally ridged ; antennae with the first and second joints 
thickened, longly hirsute, second joint longer than first ; pro- 
notum centrally about as long as vertex, anterior margin slightly 
convex between the eyes, the lateral areas concavely narrowed to 
posterior angles, base centrally concave ; mesonotum about as 
long as head and prouotum together, with five longitudinal 
carinations, posteriorly, centrally, a little lobately produced; legs 
moderately long, posterior tibise with three spines and a mode- 
rately long apical mobile spur; tegmina about three times as long 
as broad, obhquely depressed laterally, the apices broadly angu- 
late, the veins granulose, a more or less continuous series of 
transverse veins before apical area. 

33:20. Onkelos annulatus, sp. n. 

Head, pronotum, and mesonotum ochraceous, lateral marginal 
areas of vertex sliglitly infuscate, pronotum with a central series 
of black spots not meeting on disk, mesonotum with the outer 




Fig. d8,— OnJ,-clo!i ainiidatus. 

cariuation on each side inwardly spotted transversely with black ; 
face black, more or less transversely fasciated with ochraceous, 
the lateral marginal areas more closely maculately fasciate ; 
clypeus more opaquely black; antennae with the basal joints black, 
spotted with ochraceous; body beneath imperfectly seen in unique 
carded type; legs with the femora black or blackish, tibise pale 



138 



APPENDIX. — PULGORIDtE. 



ochraceous aiuiiilated witli black; tegiuina fuscous with paler 
suffusions, especially near base and on apical area, the granules 
distinctly darker ; structural characters as in generic diagnosis. 

Length ind. tegui. 5 niillim. 

Hab. South India ; Kodaikanal (2'. V. Camphell). 

Genus AKILAS, nor. 

Type, A. fasctatus, Dist. 

Distribution. South India. 

Vertex ot' head slightly longer than broad, distinctly ]")ruduc.ed 
in front of eyes, the lateral and posterior margins distinctly 
ridged ; face narrow, much longer than broad, centrally and 
laterally carinate, its anterior margin truncate, considerably com- 
pressed between eyes ; clypeus less than half the length of face, 
centrally carinate ; antenna; with the first and second joints 
robust, second nnich longer than first; pronotum about as long as 
vertex, truncate between eyes, lateral margins oblique, basal 
margin irregularly concave ; mesonotum almost as long as head 
and pronotum together, the posterior margins obliquely concave ; 
legs long, especially the posterior tibiae which possess two short 
fine spines, one near base the other near middle, and a long robust 
apical spur which is inwardly serrated ; tegraina considerably 
narrower at base than at a])ex, four distinct apical marginal cells, 
apical margins a little oblique and exposing the abdominal apex, 
laterally obliqtiely depressed on each side. 

3321. Akilas fasciatus, sp. n. 

Above shining black ; vertex, a central fascia to pro- and meso- 
nota, and the lateral margins to same ochraceous ; face black, a spot 




Fig. 91). — Akilas faacadii,-'. 

at anterior margin, the central carination and lateral margins ochra- 
ceous ; body beneath imperfectly seen in unique carded type ; 



SOGATA. 



139 



legs blackish, extreme apices of posterior tibiae distinctly pale 
ochraceoiis ; structural characters as in j^eiieric diiignosis. 

Length inch tegm. 2^ niilliin. 

llah. South India; Koclaiiianal {T. V. Camiihell). 



(ieiius SOQATA. (Vol. Ill, ]). 471.) 

3322. Sogata sternalis, ^^. n. 

Head, pronotuin, and iiu'soiioiuni greyish white, the lateral 
niai'gins of each more or less broadly brownish ochraceous, on 
anterior area of vertex there is on each side a submarginal black 
line ; body beneath and legs pale ochraceous, large sti-vnal 
spots and abdomen, more or less, black ; abdomen above black, 
the base brownish ochraceous ; tegmiua greyish brown, a broad 
longitudinal pale fuscous fascia occupying clavus and the whole 
inner marginal area; wings pale fuliginous ; face more than twice 
as long as broad, the centi-al earination white margined with black 
on each side, the lateral ridges ochi-aceous. 

Length inch tegni. 2^ inillim. 

ItaJ). Ceylon; Peradeniya ((^t'/-(?(;';(). 

Allied to 6'. dohcrU/l, l3ist. (vol. iii, p. 471), from Tenasserim, 
but smaller, and separated at once by the sternal and abdominal 
black markings. 

3323. Sogata pusana, IJisf. A. M. N. H. (8) ix, p. 191 (191-'). 
Vertex, pronotum, and mesonotum ochraceous, the lateral areas 

of the pro- and mesonota more or less piceous ; abdomen above 
black, more or less transversely testaceous near base and the 
lateral margins minutely spotted with the same colour ; face black 
with the carinations brownish ochraceous ; clypeus ochraceous ; 
body beneath blackisii, the legs ochraceous ; tegmiua pale brownish, 




Fig. too. — S'tgaia pumna. 

subhvaline, an upper claval streak bt-coming macular at chival 
apex, a transverse linear discal spot beyond middle, and a suba[)ical 
marginal suffusion coutiinied along the veins to apical margin, 
fuscous ; wings hyaline, the veins fusccais ; posterior tibiae with 
a short spine near middle and a long apical mobile spur ; wings 
broader but shorter than tegmiua, with a short triangular cell 
near apex. 

Length excl. tegm. 3; exp. tegm. 7 millim. 



14® APPENDIX. — fulgoeidj:. 

Hah. Bengal; Pusa (Lc/roy, 5/-?7. il/Ms.), Calcutta; Berhampur, 
Murshidabad District. South ludia ; Cbikkaballapuva {T. V. 
CampbeU). 

Some exaiii]>les from Calcutta are much paler in hue, the face 
being almost uniformity ochraceous, and the dark markings of the 
tegmina more obsolete. 

3324. Sogata distincta, Dist. A. 31. N. H. (8) ix, p. 191 (1912). 

Vertex and pronotum creamy -white, the first with a small dark 
spot on each side of apex ; mesonotum black, broadly, longi- 
tudinally, centrally creamy-white ; abdomen above black, the basal 
area more or less testaceous ; body beneath black, the carinations 
to face and clypeus, and the legs ochraceous ; tegmina sub- 
hyaline, tinted with brownish ochraceous, which becomes a little 
darker on apical area, the outer margin of which is broadly 
fuscous, inwardly linearly connected with the apices of the longi- 
tudinal veins, the longitudinal veins minutely spotted with fuscous, 
an elongate marginal piceous spot near apf-x of clavus ; wings 
subhyaline, the veins dark. 

Length exel. tegm. 2i ; exp. tegm. 7 millim. 

Hub. Bengal; Pusa {Mackenzie, Brit. Mas.). Soutli India; 
Chikkaballapura {T. V. Cam2)hell). Ceylon ; Peradeuiya {E. E. 
Green). 

Allied to the preceding species ;S'. pusana, from which it differs 
in the distinct markings of the tegmina, &c. 

3325. Sogata pallescens, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) ix, p. 192 (1912). 

Allied to the preceding species S. distincta, but with the 
tegmina — excepting an elongate marginal piceous spot near 
apex of clavus — almost uniformly subhyaline with the veins alone 
darker ; body beneath black ; carinations to face, the clypeus, 
lateral areas of presternum, rostrum and legs ochraceous. 

Length incl. tegm. 3| millim. 

Hab. Ceylon ; (ialle (Bainbr. Fletcher, Brit. Mus.). Bengal ; 
Chapra {MacJcenzie, Brit. JIus.) ; between Bolpore and Kampore 
Haut {Faiva, Ind. Mus.). Calcutta. 

The three species of Sogata here previously described are easily 
separated by the tegiiiinal colour and markings, but it is much 
more difficult in these small and fragile insects to discover adequate 
differential structural characters. I have, however, examined a 
series of specimens belonging to each species and the characters 
on which 1 have relied are quite constant. 

3326. Sogata thoracica, sp. n. 

Vertex of head and mesonotum pale castaueous ; pi'onotum and 
posterior angle of mesouotum greyish white ; face and clypeus 
brownish ochraceous, the carinations paler in hue ; body beneath 
and legs ochraceous ; tegmina greyish hyaline with the venation 
brownish ochraceous ; face centrally and marginally strongly 



SARBIA. 



141 



carinate; head (including eyes) distinctly narrower than pronotiun ; 
vertex a little longer than broad, sliglitly widened at base ; pro- 
notuni tricarinate ; tegmina longly passing apex of abdomen, 
much longer than broad, the apex somewhat conically rounded. 

Length incl. tegni. 4 millim. 

Hah. Ceylon; Peradeniya (£". E. Green). 



Genus NILAPARVATA. (Vol. Ill, p. 473.) 

NlLAPAKVATA GREENI. (Vol. Ill, p. 473.) 

Add : Hah. Bengal ; Clia])ra {Mackenzie). 

Genus SARDIA. {\o\. Ill, p. 475.) 

Iladeodelplmx, Kirk. Hep. E.rp. Stat. Haiv. Plant. Assoc. Hull, i, 
p. 410 (ISJOii). 

Saedia eostrata. (Vol. Ill, p. 4"5.) 

Add : Hah. Ceylon ; Galle. Hambantota {Bainhrigge Fletcher, 
Brit. Mas.). Bombay; Basseiu Fort {A. M., Brit. Mas.); 
Agisamtengee, Soutii end of Kayangulam (Annandale). Calcutta 
{Paiva, Ind. Mus.). 




Fig. 101. — Sardia rostrata. 

We were only enabled previously to copy Me'ichar's outline 
figure of this species ; it is now possible to give a fuller and 
more exact figure. Kirkaldy (Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. 1908, p. 14) 
referred to a species from Ceylon as Sardia pluto. He, however, 
gave no name as to its describer nor any reference as to publica- 
tion. I do not know the species, and Kirkaldy added, "I do not 
think this is the same species as rostrata.''' In all probability it is ! 

3327. Sardia pronotalis, sp. u. 

Vertex of head and pronotum greyish white ; mesonotum 
ochraceous, the posterior margin greyish white ; abdomen above 
bhick, the basal margin and extreme apex ocln\aceous or testaceous ; 
bodv beneath brownish ochraceous ; face fuscous with the 
carinations castaneous ; legs flavous ; tegmina fuscous brown, 
postcostal membrane and outer claval margin flavous, the latter 
containing two Hnear longitudinal black spots ; wings subhyaline, 
the veins darker; liead (including eyes) narrower than pronotum ; 



142 



APPENDIX. — rULGOKID^, 



vertex narrow, about three times as long as breadth bet\^ een e3'es ; 
face contracted beneath eyes. 

Length excl. tegui. 3 ; exp. tegra. 6 niillim. 

Hah. Ceylon ; Peradeniya {E. E. Green). 

Differs from S. rostrata, Melich. by the apex of vertex being 
more truncate and not centrally produced ; face less contracted 
beneath eyes ; tegmina with tlie postcostal membrane flavous, 
pronotum greyish white, &c. 



Genus ORCHESMA. (Vol. Ill, p. 476.) 

3328. Orchesma signata, Di^t. A. M. N. II. (8) ix, p. 192 (1912). 

Vertex, pronotum, and iiK^sunutuin ocluaeeous, centrally and 
laterally carinate, the carinations more or less pale and narrowly 
margined on each side with black ; abdomen above testaceous red; 
body beneatli and legs pale ochraceous ; face and lateral margins of 
abdomen beneath testaceous red ; tegmina pale shining ochraceous, 
with the following creamy-white markings, viz., an oblique trans- 
verse fascia near base, a transverse fascia a little bevond middle, 




Fig. \()'2. - Orrhe^vta si(jna/u. 

three fasciate costal spots between stigma and apex, two small 
spots on apical margin and another beyond claval apex, near 
middle and on the central pale fascia two longitudinal black spots 
thickly studded with ochraceous ; wings hyaline, the transverse 
veins distinctly black ; face centrally and laterally carinate, the 
margins moderately roundly ampliate near middle; tegmina with 
the costal margin distinctly sinuate. 

Length excl. tegm. 2^ ; exp. tegm. 8 milling. 

Hab. Ceylon ; Peradeniya (Green, Brit. Mas.). South India ; 
Chikkaballapura (7'. V. Campbell). 



Genus TROPIDOCEPHALA to replace Hmaka. (Vol. Ill, p. 478.) 

Tropidoceph.ala, Stal, Ofr. Vet.-Ak. Flirli. IS,!:!, ]>. 206; Hem. Afr. 

iv, p. 178 (1866); Fieh. Bev. Ma(/. Zool. (.3) iii, p. 368 (1875); 

Mats. Ann. Mux. Hung. 1907, p. o?. 
Nepbrop.sia, Co^ta, Ami. Mus. Zool. Nap. i, p. 76 (1862) ; Fieb. 
Verh. zool.-hct. Ges. Wien, xvi, p. 518 (1866). 



TROPIDOCEPHALA. 



143 



Conicoda, Mah. Eiit. Nach. xxvi. p. 2r)S (1900). 
Ectopioptervgodelphax, Kirlc. li'-jt. JJ.rp. Sfat. Hair. I'/a/if. Assoc. 

l^H/l.i,\x4]-2 (1906). 
Snuvra, Disf. (vol. iii, p. 478). 

Dr. Malsuniunx in monographing the genus 'froitidocepJidln, 
Stfil, has proposed a considerable amount of generic synonymy, 
which is hei'e ap|)arently followed, and tlie genus is thus shown 
to have a very wide Old World distribution. Matsunnn-a has, 
however, figured the vertex of the species he has identified as 
T. fcstiva, Dist. as considerably larger and more elongate than in 
the type, while the pattern of the tegmina is altogether different. 

The type of Trojndocephala is, T.JIauiceps, Stfil, a South African 
species and one which 1 have not seen, nor has Matsumura, for he 
does not figure the species and only copies Stfil's description, hut 
he is able to figure T.brunn-ipennis, Sign., which Stfil also inchided 
in his genus. 

3329. Tropidocepliala luteola, Dist. A. M. X. H. (8) ix, p. 193 (1912). 

Head, pronotum, and mesonotum greenish ochraceous, lateral 
areas of the pro- and mesonota more or less infuscated, sometimes 
scarcely so; antennfe black; abdomen above black, the basal area 
more or less transversely testaceous ; body beneatii black ; face 
brownish ochraceous, the cariuations paler ; legs ochraceous ; 
tegmina pale fuscous brown irrorated with greyish white, the 
principal pale markings being an elongate spot in clavus, an 
irregular transverse macular fascia near middle, counnencing on 




Fig. 103. — Tr<ipidocepJi((h( luleohi. 

costal margin and becoming more macular and indistinct towards 
the inner margin, a cluster of about three spots on costal mem- 
brane immediately beyond the transverse fascia, and distinct apical 
marginal spots; wings hyaline with the veins darker; vertex 
louo-er than broad, considerably shorter than breadth between 
outer margins of eyes and only moderately projecting in front of 
eyes, distinctly, strongly tricarinate ; i)ro- and mesonota strongly 
tricarinate ; face tricarinate, projecting considerably above eyes, 
greatest width about half its length. 

Length excl. tegm. 2 ; exp. tegm. millim. 

Hab. Bengal; Fusa (Xe/Vo//, Brit. Mus.); Calcutta (/«(/. Mas.). 

A species to be distingm'shed by the very short vertex of the 
head. 



144 



APPENDIX. — FULGOEID^. 



Genus ZULEIKA. 
Zuleika, Bist. A. M. N. 11. (8) ix, p, 1»:{ (1912). 

Type, Z. hengalensis, Dist, 

Distrihution. Calcutta. 

Vertex narrow, nearly twice as long as broad, the lateral 
margins caiinate and from which emerge two short oblique 
carinations between the eyes which converge at apex; eyes longer 
than broad, continued over the anterior pronotal angles ; pro- 
notum short, tricarinate, the lateral angles somewhat ampliate : 
mesonotum about as long as vertex and pronotum together, 
tricarinate ; face long, about twice as long as broad, a little 
widened towards clypeus, the lateral margins straight, slightly 
oblique, distinctly carinate and sliglitly recurved, centrally strongly 
carinate, the anterior margin with the apical angles somewhat 
prominent ; clypeus a little more than half as long as face, the 
disk tumid, the lateral margins carinately recurved ; tegmina not 
reachhjg the apex of the abdomen, apical margins rounded, 
venation very coarse and distinct ; posterior tibia? somewhat long, 
with a spine near base and another near middle, apex with a 
long, strong, mobile spur. 

In this Indian enumeration, ZnJeika will find a place near 
Dieranotropis, Fieb. (vol. iii, p. 470). 

3830. Zuleika hengalensis, 2^/*^ A. M. K. H. (8) ix, p. 194 (1912). 

Head, pronotum, and mesonotum ochraceous ; eyes, face, and 
clypeus black ; body beneath and legs, and abdomen above, 
ochraceous; tegmina with a slightly virescent tint, inner and 




Fig. 104. — Znlcika hengalensis. 

apical margins pale ochraceous, the apical margin and a spot near 
middle of inner margin black ; structural characters as in generic 
diagnosis. 

Length 3^ millim. 

Hub. Calcutta (Brii. 3Iys.). 



LIBURNIA.. 145 

Genus LIBURNIA. (Vol. 111, p. 480.) 

3331. Liburnia tuberculosa, sp. n. 

Body, le^a, unci tegmina pale ochraeeous ; first and second 
joints of antennae pale ochraeeous, apex of first and tubercles to 
second black ; vertex of head with the a])ical margin a little 
centrally and latei'ally produced, two small impressed black spots 




V 



Fig. 105. — Liburnia tuberculosa. 

near base ; pronotum and mesonotum strongly tricarinate ; 
antflnnse with the second joint very robust, tuberculous and much 
longer than first joint ; face more tban twice as long as broad, 
centrally and laterally carinate, the central carination bifurcate 
near apex ; tegmina subhyaline, not reaching apex of abdomen, 
the veins prominent. 

Length inch tegm. 3 millim. 

Hah. Ceylon; llakgala (A\ E. Green). 

A species to be recognized by the length, thickness and^rugosity 
of the second joint of the antenna}. 

3332. Liburnia atromaculata, sp. n. 

Body, legs, and tegmina very pale ochraeeous ; tegmina with a 
black apical spot ; face centrally and laterally carinate, the central 
carination bifurcate near apex ; vertex with two foveations near 
base, before which are two central carinations, the lateral margins 
also carinate, the apex slightly centrally and laterally produced ; 
pro- and mesonota strongly tricarinate ; tegmina not reachiug 
apex of abdomen. 

Length incl. tegm. 2| millim. 

Hah. South India; Kodaikanal {T. V. Camphcll). 

Apparently allied to L. albicolUs, Motsch. 



VOL. VI, 



146 APPENDIX. MEMBBACID^. 



Family MEMBRACID.E. (Vol. IV, p. 1.) 

A considerable addition to tlie number of genera and species 
enumerated and described in Volume IV is made in the following 
pages, and there can be no doubt that there is still much more 
to be seen and done in the description and enumeration of 
Indian Membracidse.. 



Genus OXYRHACHIS. (Vol. lY, p. 3.) 

OXTRHACHIS TAKANDUS. (Vol. IV, p. 4.) 

Attached to a specimen received from Rajshahi, E. Bengal, is 
a label "with larvae on twig, attended by the ant Camponotus 
comjyressus, Fabr." 

3383. Oxyrhachis formidabilis, sp. n. 

Dark fuscous or black, thickly coai'sely punctate, a strong 
central longitudinal castaneous carination extending through 
pronotal front to a|)e5 of posterior pronotal process, about apical 
half of this process darker, or black ; legs brownish ochraceous, the 
femora (excluding apices) more or less black; tegmina dull hyaline, 
the base more or less dark ferruginous, the veins and extreme 
costal margin ferruginous-brown ; lateral pronotal processes long 
and recurved, distinctly elevated, their apices subacute, strongly 
tricarinate ; posterior process long, upcurved, thus barely ex- 
tending beyond tegminal apices, beneath laminately anipliate and 
obscurely seriate. 

Length 7 to 9 ; breadth lat. pronot. process. 5 to 5^ millini. 

Hal). Dehra Dun, Suraj Bagli (on grass). Salem Dt., Athur- 
kuppam. 

Allied to 0. farandus, Fabr. (vol. iv, p. 4), but differing by the 
longer upturned lateral pronotal processes. 

Oxyrhachis rufescexs to replace 0. rudis. (Vol. IV, p. o.) 

Oxyrhachis rufescens, Walk. List Horn, ii, p. 506 (185]). 
Oxyrhachis rudis, Walk. List Horn, ii, p. 509 (1851). 

The unique type of Walker's 0. rufescens was and is an un- 
localized specimen. Now that I have seen a larger series of his 
0. nulls, I feel no doubt that they are one and the same species, 
and rufescens having been described on an earlier page of his list, 
that name must take precedence. 

Add: Rab. South India; Mysore State {T. V. Cam/'hell). 
E. Bengal; Kajshahi (Zool. Gardens, Alipore — on Cassia stima- 
trana). Satara Distr. ; Medha, Yenna Valley (F. H. Gravely). 



OXYRU.VCIIIS. 147 

OXTRHACUIS PALUS. (Vol. IV, p. G,) 

Add: Hah. Coimbatore (?'. Balnhrujcje FletcJwr). 

3334. Oxyrhachis mangiferaiia, sp. n. 

Pronotum brownish oehraceous, punotate and granulose, with a 
central percurrent castaneous longitndinal carination continued 
through the posterior process, of which the basal half is much 
paler ochraceons containing two large oblong dark spots, the 
apical lialf dark brownish ocliraceous ; face mostlj' black; legs 
oehraceous, the femora (excluding apices) black or blackish ; 
tegniina dull hyaline, the venation and extreme costal margin 
castaneous, a bhxckish spot at apex of clavus, base oehraceous 
and darkly punctate ; lateral pronotal processes robust, broad, 
upturned and moderately recurved, tricarinate ; posterior pronotal 
process moderately sinuate, beneath lauiinately ampliate and 
obscurely finely sei*rate, distinctly extending beyond tegmiual 
apices, tricarinate ; legs distinctly dilated. 

Length 8 to 9 ; breadth lat. pronot. process. 5 milliiii. 

Hah. Dehra Dun, Suraj Bagh (on Mango). 

Allied to 0. rufescens, Walk., but a larger species, the lateral 
pronotal processes larger and much more upturned, markings of 
the posterior pronotal process distinct. 

3385. Oxyrhachis lefroyi, sp. n. 

Pronotum, face, body beneath, and legs pale fuscous l)rowji ; 
femora (excluding apices) darker fuscous brown ; tegniina sub- 
hyaline, the veins castaneous, base fuscous brown; lateral pronotal 
processes very short and broad, Hatly horizontally laminate, as 





Fig. lUt). — O.vijrliachU h'froijt. 

seen above, a little upwardly recurved as seen frontally, a ])er- 
current central longitudinal carination through the pronotum 
including the posterior process, which is moderately U[)wardly 
recurved and scarcely passes the tegminal apices. 

Length to 7^ ; breadth lat. pronot. process. 3 to 34 millim. 

Hah. Pusa (/A M. Lefron). 

A species to be recognized by the short and broid lateral 
pronotal processes. 

l2 



148 APPENDIX. — MEMBRACID.Ii. 

3336. Oxyrhachis binsarus, sp. n. 

Pronotum dark castaneous brown, posterior marginal areas of 
the lateral ])ronotal ])rocesses above and their central disks 
beneath and almost apical half of posterior process, black ; face 
purplish red suffused with black; legs brownish ochraceous, the 
femora (excluding apices) much dnrker. more or less palely 
longly pilose ; tegmina subhyaline, the veins castaneous, a black 
spot at apex of inner angle, the apical veins also black, most of 
the veins palely shortly pilose ; prouotal lateral processes robust, 
distinctly obliquely directed njiwnrdly, the apices very slightly 
recurved and obtusely broadly nngulate, tricarinate, the iiosterior 
process with nearly its apical half distinctly recurved, the whole 
pronottim including posterior process distinctly centrally longi- 
tudinally carinate ; base of tegmina black with ochraceous 
suffusions, distinctly punctate. 

Length S.i ; breadth lat. pronot. process. 5 millim. 

Bah. Binsar (Kumaon), 7700 feet (A. D. Imms). 

Allied to 0. egypiianus, Dist., but differing in the colour of the 
head, pronotum, and legs and the length and shape of the posterior 
pronotal process. 



Genus HYPSAUCHENIA. (A^ol. lY, p. 10.) 
Hypsauchenia haedwicici, (Tol. IV, p. 10.) 

Add : Hah. Assam ; Cheerapungi, Khasi ITills, 4400 feet 
{S. W. Kemp). 

3337. Hypsauchenia kempi, sp. u. 

Black ; basal area of ])osterior pronotal process^ a central 
anterior marginal space to tegmina, and tibiae and tarsi (uiore 




Fig. 107. — Hypsatichcnia kempi. 

or less) pale dull sanguineous ; a small white spot on tegminal, 
margin near apex of posterior pronotal process ; pronotum longly 



TELINGAXA. 149 

produced upwards, its apex subacute and directed backwardiy, 
behind this it is inwardly lobately produced, its central ridge 
before the couvexly produced posterior process distinctly tinelv 
serrate. 

Length 8 millim. 

Hub. Assam ; Cherrapungi {S. W. Kemp). Upper Burma ; 
Sadon {E. Golenso). 

Allied to //. uncinata, Stfd (vol. iv, p. 12, fig. 8), but with the 
anterior proiiotal process much more perpendicularly elevated ; 
tlie concave elevation of the posterior process shorter and more 
abruptly raised; colour markings also distinct. 



3338. Hypsauchenia manni, sp. n. 

Allied to the preceding species, //. l-empi, but differing in the 
following characters : — The anterior pronotal jH'ocess is shorter, 
broader, more outwardly curved apically, its apex oblique not 
acute ; tibise ochraceous ; other characters as in H. kempi. 

Length 7 millim. 

Hah. Darjiliug ; Pussumbing (//. H. Mann). 

1 received a single specimen of this species in 1906, and have 
not yet seen another. 

[Pyrgauchenia breddini, Schmidt, described from Sumatra, has 
been by a slip ascribed to Ceylon in the Zool. Record (1906, 
p. 420). Eeference is therefore here made to the misprint to 
explain the absence of the species from the enumeration of the 
Indian fauna.] 



Genus LEPTOBELUS. (Vol. IV, p. 15.) 
Leptobelus qazella, (Vol. IV, p. 16.) 
Add : Ifab. Pusa (R. M. Lefroy). 

Genus TELINGANA. (Vol. IV, p. 17.) 
3339. Telingana cognata, sp. n. 

Head and pronotum black, thickly greyishly pilose, postei'ior 
pronotal process castaneous ; lateral areas of sternum and basal 
margin of scutellum tomeutosely white; femora black, their 
apices castaneous, anterior and intermediate tibia) fuscous, pos- 
terior tibiae ochraceous, apices of tarsi black; scutellum (excluding 
base) blackish ; tegmina shining ochraceous, basal area, nearlv 
costal half, and inner apical margin, black; pronotum strongly, 
centrally, longitudinally carinate, the lateral angles robust, 
obliquely directed upuardly and apically recurved, their margins 
carinate, their apices subacute, the posterior process slender, 



150 APPENDIX. — MEMBRACID^. 

tricarinate, well elevated above the scutellum, and obliquelv 
directed downward to the posterior angle of the inner tegminal 
margin which it distinctly passes ; the frontal pronotal area and 
the face is longly and thickly greyishly pilose ; tibiiB thickly finely 
pilose. 

Length Sh ; breadth lat. pronot. process. 3 niillim. 

Hab. Nilgiri Hills (T. V. CampheU). 

Allied to 2'. curvispina, Stal (vol. iv, p. 18, fig. 14), but with 
the pronotal lateral angles more robust and less expanded, and 
seen from the front more obliquely upwardly elevated. 

Telingana decipiens. (Vol. IV, p. 20, fig. 17.) 

Add : Hah. Ceylon ; Nuwara Eliya, Kandy {E. E. Green). 

3340. Telingana ornanda, sp. n. 

Head and pronotum black ; lateral margins of face, four spots 
on posterior margin of pronotal front, lateral margins of pro- 
notum, base and apex of scutellum and lateral areas of sternum 
tomentosely white ; legs pale testaceous, posterior tibiae ochi-a- 
ceous, apices of tarsi black ; tegmina bronzy-ochraceous, base, 
costal and subcostal areas, and very narrow apical margin, black ; 
a small white spot near middle ; pronotum thickly coarsely 
punctate, strongly, centrally, percurrently ridged, the lateral angles 
almost horizontally produced, their apices acute and recurved, 
the posterior process slender, tricarinate, its apex considerably 
passing the posterior angle of the inner tegminal margin; apex 
of scutellum moderately upwardly recurved, its central area 
black ; the tegminal black areas punctate. 

Length bh ; breadth lat. pronot. process. 3 millim. 

Hah. South India ; Kodaikanal (2'. V. CampheU). 

Allied to T. decij/iens, Kirby (vol. iv, p. 20, fig. 17), but with 
the lateral pronotal angles much more recurved, and thus shorter 
in expanse, posterior pronotal process straighter and more 
oblique. 

3341. Telingana campbelli, sp. n. 

Head, pronotum, and scutellum bright bluish black ; eyes 
castaneous ; lateral areas of the sternum and basal margin of 
the scutellum tomentosely white ; legs black ; tegmina bronzy- 
ochraceous, basal angle black immediately followed by a whitish 
transverse spot or fascia ; pronotum very coarsely punctate, 
centrally, percurrently, strongly ridged, the lateral pronotal pro- 
cesses robust, carinate, horizontally, only slightly ai)ically 
upwardly produced, the apices obtusely acute, the posterior 
process strongly tricarinate, well separated from the scutellum 
at base and then oblique to apex which is acute and passes the 



TELINGANA, 



151 



])osterior angle of the iniier tegininal margin ; scutellum longer 
than broad, robust, its apex snb;icnte and very slightly raised. 
Length 7-8; breadth lat. i^ronot. process. 4-o uiillim, 
II(d>. Soiitli India; Kodaikanal (7'. Y. Campbell). 
Tliis species is to be recognized by the strongly horizontally 
produced anterior pronotal angles. 

8342. Telingana balteata, sp. n. 

Pronotnm above and scntelluni bronzy-black, the latter witli an 
ochraceous spot at each basal angle ; posterior pronotal process 
castaueous ; front of pronotum and face thickly longly ochra- 
ceously pilose ; sternum largely ochraceously tomentose ; femora 
black, their apices and the tibise and tarsi pale castaneous, apices 
of the tarsi black ; tegmina blackish, a large stramineous apical 




Fig. 108. — Tclhujana uaUcata. 



spot and a larger inner patch pale subhyaline ; pronotum cen- 
trally carinate with the lateral angles upwardly recurved, posterior 
l)rocess slender, tricarinate, a little undulate and extending beyond 
the posterior angle of the inner margin of the tegmen ; basal area 
of tegmen strongly densely punctate. 

Length 7| to 8 ; breadth lat. pronot. process. 4 millim. 

Hah. 8outh India ; Kodaikanal {T. V. Camphell). 



3343. Telingana travancorensis, sp. n. 

Head, pronotum, find scutellum black; margins and a central 
fascia to face, two longitudinal narrow fascia; to pronotal front, 
lateral margins of prouotal front, lateral areas of sternum, and 
base of scutelliun, ochraceous ; legs fuscous, the tarsi ochraceous 
with the apices Mack ; tegmina ochraceous, basal angle, and more 
than upper half (but not reaching apex) black, apical margin 
dark castaneous; pronotum very coarsely punctate, the lateral 
angles strongly curved and obliquely upuai-dly produced, their 
apices subacute and carinate, the posterior process slender, 
tricarinate, convexly oblique, its apex considerably passing the 
posterior angle of the inner tegininal margin ; legs pilose. 

Length 6; breadth lat. pronot. process. 3^ millim. 

Hah. Travancore ; W. (ihats. 



152 APPENDIX. — MEMBEACID^. 

TeLINGANA CURVISPINA, Stdl. (Vo]. IV, p. 18, fig. 14.) 

Telingana decipiens, Kirby. (Vol. IV, p. 20.) 

Add: Hah. South India; Kodaikanal {T. V. Camjihell). 
Having had the opportunity of exauiiuing more specimens, 
I cannot now consider that more than oue species is represented. 

Telingana PAiiiA. (Vol. IV, p. 18, fig. 15.) 

Add: Hah. South India; Kodaikar.al (I'. V. Camphell). 
In the South Indian specimens, the more or less castaueous 
coloration of the head and pronotuin is replaced by blackish. 

TELINGAiSTA IMITATOE, (Vol. IV, p. 21.) 

Add: Hah. Ceylon; Maskeliya (&'. 5. <:?e Jiotc^my). 



3344. Telingana consobrina, sp. u. 

Head, pronotum, scutellum, and body beneath black ; femora 
black, their apices and the tibise more or less dark ochraceous, 
the tarsi black or blackish ; tegmina stramineous, the veins on 
apical area blackish, base black; pronotum thickly finely punc- 
tate, the lateral processes a little recurved, posterior process 





Fig. 109. — Tdinyana consobrina. 

slender, a little sinuate, centrally and laterally carinate above, 
the central carination continued throughout pronotum ; scutellum 
longer than broad, coarsely punctate ; tegmina coarsely punctate 
on the black basal tegminal area. 

In some specimens the lateral margins of pronotum and 
sternum and two spots at the base of scutellum are cretaceously 
sericeous. 

Length 4 ; breadth lat. prouot. process. 2 millim. 

Hah. South India; Kodaikanal (y. F. Camphell). 

Allied to T. wiitator, Kirby (vol. iii, p. 21), from which it 
differs by the shorter pronotal spines, the shorter frontal area 
of the pronotum, shorter apical areas of tlie tegmina, different 
colour of the legs, &c. 



cox VECTOR. 153 

Genus PARAPOGON. (Vol. IV, p. 22.) 

•3345. Parapogon iusignis, sp. n. 

Ijj^Head, prouotum, sternum, and le<>-s dark browiiisli ochrn3eou.s ; 
abdomen beneath brownish ochraceous witli the segmental margins 
paler ; tegiuina paler oeliraceous, with a broad longitudinal fascia 
above and continued beyond clavus, and a large costal spot near 
apex shining stramineous ; pronotum punctate, centrally strongly 
carinatt', the carination continued throug'iou': the posterior process 



Fi;^. 110. — Parapogon iusi/fiits. 

which is strongly punctate, compressed, and also laterally carinate, 
the apical area narrowed, the apix blackish and passing the pos- 
terior angle ot' the inner margin of tegiuina; lateral proaatal 
angles as seen from above, robust, moderately elevated, and 
slightly recurved ; veins to apical area of the teg nina strongly 
curved inwardly. 

Length Oj to 7 ; breadth lat. pronot. process. 4 millim.] 

Hub. Ceylon ; Xuwara Eliya {Brit. Mas.). 



Genus CONVECTOR, uov. 

Type, C. cavendas, Dist. 

Distribution. Nilgiri Hills. 

Pronotum 8omewhat long, posteriorly truncate, centrally finely 
longitudinally carinate, lateral transverse processes subhorizontally 
not upwardly recurved, the posterior process curved and raised 
above scutellum but impinging on it near its apex, then following 
the curve of the inner margin of the tegmina, tricarinate, and 
about equally broad till the apex which is acute and (in type) 
slightly passing the posterior angle of the inner tegminal margin; 
scutellum exposed, about as long as broad ; tegmina with the 
apical areas (excluding the lower) straight ; legs simple. 

Allied to Itidicopleastes, Dist. (vol. iv, p. 25). 

8346. Convector cavendus, sp. n. 

Head, pronotum, and scutellum black, a white tomentose spot 
on each basal angle of the scutellum and the lateral areas of the 
sternum of a similar colour ; legs brownish ochraceous, apices of 
the tarsi black ; tegmina bronzy-ochraceous, the basal area, upper 



154 APPKNDIX. — MEMBUACIDtE. 

jipical margin, and margins of the upper apical cell black, costal 
margin narrow!}^ testaceous ; pronotiim thickly coarsely punctate, 
the lateral angles carinate, subhorizoiitally produced, their apices 




Fig. 111. — Convedor caveiidus. 

subacute and slightly recurved, the apex of the posterior process 
slightly passing the posterior angle of the inner tegminal margin ; 
tibiae pilose ; tegmina Avith tlie basal hhick area punctate; other 
structural characters as in generic dingnosis. 

Length 7 ; breadth lat. proiiot. process. 3 milliin. 

Hah. Nilgiri Hills {T. V. CampbeU). 



Genus LEPTOCENTHUS. (Vol. IV, p. 28.) 

LePTOCENTRUS TAURUS. (Vol. IV, p. 28.) 

Add : Hah. Kumaon, Shair.khet {Fusa Coll.). Bengal : Kuslitea 
{J. T. Jenkins), Dannikdia Grhat (Ind. Mus.), Berhampur, Mur- 
shidabad (Ind. 3Ins.). Orissa ; Balighai near Pari (Ind. Mus.). 
Madras (Ind. 3his.). Travancore (Ind. Mus.). Dehra Dun. 
Sylhet, Chandkhira; Nilgiri Hills (Sir G. Hampson). Burma; 
Moulmein (N. Annandale, Ind. Mus.). — Singapore. 

LePTOCEKTRUS SUBSTITUTUS. (Vol. IV, p. 20.) 

Add: Hah. South India; Mysore (T. V. Camphell). Bengal; 
Eajmahal (N. Annandale), Bhogaon. Piirneah Distr. (C. A. Paiva). 
Orissa ; Gopkuda Island, Lake Cliilka (Ind. Mus.). Bengal ; 
Eajmahal (N. Annandale). 

3347. Leptocentrus obortxis, sp. u. 

Pronotum black, longly, palely pilose ; face of head fuscous 
with a very large rounded Avhite tomentose spot ; lateral areas of 
sternum and scutellum (excluding apex) whitely tomentose ; legs 
piceous, longly pilose ; tegmina pale bronzy-brown with opaline 
reflections, basal area brownish ochraceous, costal area blackish, 
distinctly broken near base and widest on apical area ; pronotum 
coarsely punctate, the lateral angles strongly produced, sub- 
horizontally but a little upwardly extended, the apical areas 
carinate, the apices obliquely narrowed and terminally acute, the 



JJvPi'OCEXTKUS. 



155 



posterior process inoderately slender, triearinale, raised at base 
and then someMliat horizontally produced, its apex subacute and 
distinctly passing the posterior angle of the inner tegniinal 
margin. 

Length 7 ; breadth lat. pronot. process. 5 millim. 

Ilah. Burma ; Moulmein {Brit. Mns.). 

Allied to L. taurine, Fabr., but differing by the more upwardly 
produced lateral pronotal angles and the more oblique apices cjt" 
same, the straighter pronotal posterior process, &c. 

3348. Leptocentnis scutellatus, sp. n. 

Head and prouotum purplish brown, the tirst thickly palely 
pilose : scutellum pale virescent, the base purplish brown with a 
pale spot at each basal angle ; body beneath and legs ochraceous ; 
tegmina very pale bronzy-brown, the upper halves broadly reflecting 
the dark abdomen beneath ; ])ronotuin coarsely punctate, the 
lateral processes only of moderate length and only slightly curved,- 




Fiir. 11: 



-Lcptocenfrua scuh'lla/us 



posterior process slender, tricarinate, sinuate, its apex depressed and 
slightly passing the posterior angle of the inner tegminal margin, 
widely separated from scutellum, tjie central carination continued 
through ])ronotum ; legs pilose. 

Length 9 to 10 ; breadth lat. pronot. process. 4 to 5 millim. 

Hah. .South India ; Kodaikanal (T. V. Cam]:thell). 

3349. Leptocentvus bajulans, sp. n. 

Head and prouotum black, somewhat longly palely pilose ; leg* 
brownish ochraceous, palely pilose, the femora a little darker; 
lateral areas of sternum ochraceous ; scutellum more or less 







Fin-. 113. — Lepioccntnis hajulans. 

ochraceously tomentose; tegmina pale bronzy, reflecting the dark 
abdomen beneath : prouotum thickly coarsely punctate, centrally 
percurrently carinate, the lateral pronotal processes strongly 



156 APPENDIX. MEMBEACID.i:. 

cariiiate, obliquely broad, their apices strongly recurved and acute, 
posterior pronotal process slender, curved at base, strongly tri- 
cariiiate, remote from tegmina, its apex subacute and passing the 
posterior angle of the inner tegminal margin ; tegmina wrinkled, 
the venation ocliraceous, the basal area darker and punctate. 

Length 6-6| ; breadth lat. pronot. process. 4-4| millim. 

Hal. Bengal; Calcutta, MurshidabadDistr., Berhampur (J/a/or 
li. Milne). Chittagong Hill Tracts, Raiigamati {R. Hodf/art). 
I'ravancore, Kulattupuzha (N. Annandale). Cocliin State ; Chala- 
hudi {B\ H. Gravely). Burma; Moulmein {N . Annandale) . 

The salient structural character in this species is found in the 
position of the posterior pronotal process which is remote from 
the tegmina, but curved at the base as in Leptocentrus and not 
straight as in Nilautama. 

Centeottpus securis. (Vol. lY, p. 34.) 

Add : Hah. Cochin State ; Trichur {F. JL Gravely). 

Centrottpus flayesce>^s. (Vol. IV, ]), 35.) 
Add: Hah. North India ; Dehra Dun. 



^ Genus EMPHUSIS. (Vol. IV, p. 36.) 
3350. Emphusis perarmatus, sp. u. 

Head and pronotum indigo-black ; body beneath and legs duller 
and more opaque indigo-black and more or less palely pilose ; 
tegmina shining stramineous, extreme base and costal area black, 
apical area bronzy-brown ; pronotum very coarsely punctate, the 




Fig. 1 14. — Emph iisis ■pcrannut us. 

lateral angles very broad and recurved, seen from the front they 
appear more upwardly recurved, posterior pronotal process strongly 
tricarinate, somewhat attenuate, its apex ])assing the posterior 
angle of the inner tegminal margin. 

Length 10 ; breadth lat. pronot. process. 7 millim. 

Hah. Cochin State; Trichur {F. H. Gravely). 

In colour and markings allied to E. malleus., Walk. (vol. iv, 
p. 37, fig. 29), but differing strongly from that species by the 
-shape of the lateral pronotal processes. 



IMPOHCITOK. 



157 



Genus PERIAMAN. (Vol. IV, p. 37.) 

3351. Periaman pilosus, sp. n. 

Head, pronotum, scutellum, aud face sliining black, thickly and 
somewhat lotigly pilose ; tegmiiia bronzy-brown, the basal area 
blackish; sternum thickly darkly ochraceously pilose; abdomen 
beneath blackish, the segmental margitis ocliraceous; legs brownish 
ochraceous ; pi'onotum thickly, rather coarsely punctate, the 
pronotal angles well produced, distinctly recurved, their apices 




Fig. 115. — I'eriaman pi/onus. 

subacute; posterior pronotal process in a continuous line with 
pronotal base, gradually narrowing to apex, prominently coarsely 
punctate, not or scarcely extending beyond the posterior angle of 
the inner tegminal margin ; tegmina bronzy- browu, reflecting 
the dark abdomen beneath, the apical veins moderately granulate. 

Lengtli 8 ; breadth hit. pronot. process. 3 millim. 

Hah. E. Ilimahiyas ; Kurseong (D'Ahreu). 

Genus IMPORCITOR, uov. 

Type, I. ti/picus, Dist. 

Distribution. ]N'ilgiii Hills. 

Pronotum stroni^l}^ centrally ridged, the lateral angles short,, 
broad and strongly recurved, the posterior process strongly 
sinuately waved, moderately arched at base ^\■here it is separated 
from the scutellum (which is nearly equally long as broad) and 
then concavely sinuate and following the direction of the tegmina, 
its apex slender and reaching the posterior angle of the inner 
tegminal margin, the central ridge of the pronotum extends 
frontally to the face; femora moderately thickened; tegmina 
elongate, the apical cells straight or straightly oblique. 

By the sinuately waved posterior pronotal process resembling 
the genus Ebhul whicli, however, belongs to my division Garqar- 
aria, in which the lateral ])rocesses to the pronotum are absent. 



3352. Imporcitor typicus, sp. d. 

Body aud tegmiiia brownish ochraceous with much darker 
markings ; pronotum with the produced lateral angles and two- 
frontal oblique spots black or blackisli, posterior pronotal process- 



158 APPENDIX. MKMBRACID.^. 

dark ochraceons, castaneous at base aucl near middle ; sternum 
castaneous with greyisli pilose markings (imperfectl}^ seen in 
carded type) ; legs piceous, femora more or less apically ochraceous ; 
tegniina suboctiraceously opaque, basa. area and two transverse 




Fig. IK). — hnporcltor ///picas. 

fascia) piceous, apical area also Avitli longitudinal black markings ; 
other structural characters as in generic diagnosis. 

Length 7 ; breadth lat. pronot. process. 3 millim. 

Ilah. Kilgiri Hills (T. V. Cauiphdl). 

Genus OTINOTUS. (Vol. IV, p. 39.) 

3353. Otinotus campbelli, sp. n. 

Head, pronotum, and legs fuscous brown, more or less thickly 
greyishly pilose; apex of scutellum grey isli white ; tegmiiia dull 
bronzy - ochraceous, the venation fuscous brown and shortly 
o-reyishly hirsute, two ochraceous spots on basal area, extrem.e 
base fuscous brown ; pronotum Avith the lateral angles moderately 
short, a little upwardly directed, broad at base, their apices sub- 
acute and recurved, centrally, longitudinally, |>ercurrently carina! e, 
the i)osterior process slender, tricarinate, slightly separated from 
tlie scutellum, but impinging on the tegmina, the apex not passing 
the posterior angle of inner tegminal margin; base of tegmiua 
obscurely coarsely punctate. 

Length 9 millim. 

Hab. Nilgiri Hills {T. V. Camphell). 

Allied to 0. ammon, Euckt., but diifering in the shorter and 
broader lateral prouotal angles, &c. 

3354. Otinotus "badius, &]). n. 

Pronotum reddish brown ; face darker and thickly pilose ; 
scutellum with the base black, the apical area reddish brown ; legs 
reddish-brown pilose ; lateral areas of the sternum longly greyishly 
pilose; tegmina subhyaline, wriukled, the veins ochraceous, the 
base and apical area of costal margin blackish ; pronotum coarsely 
punctate, the lateral angles somewhat short, a little upwardly and 
anteriorly produced, their apices obtusely acute and very slightly 
recurved, posterior pronotal process moderately sinuate, distinctly 
separated from the scutellum but not elevated above the tegmina, 
its apex slender, acute, reaching but scarcely passing the posterior 
angle of the inner tegminal margin. 



OTINOTUS. 



159 



Length 5; breadth lat. pronot, process 3 millim. 

Ilah. Nilgiri Hills (7'. V. Gamphell). 

Allied to 0. rufesoem, Dist. (vol. iv, p. 40), bat differing by the 
considerably shorter aud more t'orwardly and u[)\vardly directed 
anterior pronotal angles, the more elevated basal portion of the 
posterior pronotal process, &c. 

Otixotus kakexianus, 11. 110111. Uist. A. M. X. II. (8) vol. xiv, 
p. 332 (1914). 

Otinotus pallipes (Vol. IV, p. 40), uoin. praeocc. 

Ceiitrotus iKillipcx., Walk., from New Guinea proves to be an 
Otinotus. 



3355. Otinotus albomaculatus. 

Head and pronotnni black ; scutellum black with a prominent 
white spot in each basal angle ; steruam black with lateral white 
spots ; legs pale castaneous. apices of the tibiae and the tarsi more 
or less black ; tegniina shining ochraceous, basal angle black 
followed b}^ a prominent rounded white spot, the costal margin 
narrowly black ; pi'onotiim coarsely punctate, strongly centrally 
longitudinally ridged, the lateral angles somewhat short with their 
apices subacute and a little directed backwardl}^ posterior process 
slender, tricariiiate, sinuate, a little elevateiy separated from the 
scutellum, but not elevated above the tegmiaa, nor passing the 
posterior angle of inner tegmiual margin. 

Length o.j millim. 

Hah. Nilgiri Hills {T. V. Camphell). 

3356. Otinotus mimicus, sp. n. 

Head aud pronotuin dark castaneous brown ; sr-utellum dark 
castaneous brown with a large and prominent white spot in each 
basal angle ; sternum laterally with confluent x^hite spots ; legs 
castaneous, apices of the tibia) and tarsi more or less black ; 




Fig. 117. — Otinotus viiiiiicus. 

tegniina pale shining ochraceous, basal area black, apically con- 
taining a large rounded white spot, the costal and inner apical 
margins narrowly black ; pronotum thickly strongly punctate, 
centrally longitudinally ridged, the lateral angles laterally produced, 
their apices distinctly moderately recurved ; posterior ])rocess 



160 AJPPENDIX. — ISIEiMBRACIBjE. 

slender, tricarinate, the apex passing the posterior angle of inner 
tegminal margin. 

Length 8 ; breadth lat. prouot. process. 4 millim. 

Hah. Nilgiri Hills {T. V. CampbeJl). 

By the pale spots and the colour of the legs resembhng 0. alho- 
maculatus, Dist., but differing in tiie larger size, the longer, 
stronger and more recurved pronotal angles, and by the longer 
posterior pronotal process passing the posterior angle of inner 
tegminal margin. 

Otinotus oneeatub. (Vol. IV, p. 40.) 
Otinotus ixtllescens. (Vol. IV, p. 41.) 

From a large amount of material received since I formerly dealt 
with the Indian species contained in this genus, I find that the 
\ariation both in coloration and in the apices of the lateral 
pronotal processes will not admit of the above two forms being 
longer kept as separate species. 

Add: Hah. South India; Dehra Dun (Chait Ham). Bengal; 
Kajmahal {N. Annandale, Ind. Mus.) ; Dhappa, near Calcutta 
(F. H. Gravel;/); Salt Lakes, near Durgapur. Madras; Janjam 
Distr., Eambha (N. AnnandaJe). Orissa ; Satpara {N. Annandale) ; 
Kathiawar, Patau, Somnath {S. P. A.). Satara Distr. ; Yeuna 
\^ alley, Medha {F. H. Gravely). W. Bengal ; Saran, Siripur (Ind. 
Mus.). 

Otinotus elongatus. (Vol. IV, p. 41.) 

Add: Hub. South India; Mysore State (T. F. CampheU); 
Tri van drum ; Travancore. 

3357. Otinotus brevicornis, sp. n. 

Head and pronotum black; posterior pronotal process castaneous 
brown ; legs brownish ochraceous, body beneath, especially the 
sternum, thickly palely pilose; exposed margins of the scutellum 





Fig. 118. — Otinotus hrevicornis. 

and lateral areas of the sternum opaque creamy-white; tegmina dull, 
subhyaline, reflecting the dark abdomen beneath ; lateral pronotal 
angles short, somewhat obliquely directed upwardly, their apices 
moderately recurved, pronotum thickly punctate; the posterior 
process slender, sinuate, scarcely or only a little separated from. 



POGON. 1 61 

the scutellum, the apex passing the posterior angle of the inner 
margin of the tegniina. 

Length 5 to 5| ; breadth lat. pronot. process. 2 uiiUim. 

JIab. Punjab, Lahore {N. Annandale). Dehra Dun. 

3358. Otinotus traiisversus, sp. n. 

Head and pronotum fuscous brown, the latter with about half 
of posterior process ochraceous, its lateral ridges and apex black ; 
legs ochraceous ; sternum contiuently, maculosely, white ; tegniina 
subhyaline, the veins darker, the basal angular area ochraceous ; 
pronotum with the frontal area thickly coarsely punctate, tlie 
lateral angles slender, laterally produced, the ])osterior process 
slender, tricarinate, slightly passing the postei'ior angle of the 
inner tegminal margin. 

Length 4 ; breadth lat. pronot. process. 2k millim. 

Hah. Punjab ; Lahore. 

A species to be distinguished by the transverse lateral pronotal 
angles, the black lateral ridges of the posterior pronotal process, 
&c. 

Genus POGON. (Vol. IV, p. 42.) 

POGON CUPREUM. (Vol. IV, p. 43.) 

Add: Hah. Ceylon; Madulsitna (7'. B. Fletcher). 

POGON AUmCULATUM. (Vol. IV, p. 44.) 

1 only knew this species by a specimen from Ceylon in the 
Stockholm Museum. Mr. Green has since sent me a spec'men 
from the Horton Plains on that island. 

3359. Pogon albosignatum, sp. n. 

Head, pronotum, and femora black ; tibiae and tarsi pale 
castaneous ; tegmina bronzy-brown, base, frontal area, and a large 
spot near posterior ^angle of inner margin black, a somewhat 




Fig. 119. — Pogon albosignatum. 

large spot near middle of anterior area, a smaller costal spot 
beyond it, and a spot at posterior angle of inner margin greyish 
wliite ; basal angles of scutellum greyish white ; pronotum thickly 
finely punctate, centrally longitudinally ridged, the lateral angles 
robust, somewiiat strongly produced and recurved, the apices 

VOL A'l. M 



162 APPENDIX, — MEMBKACID^. 

oblique and subacute, posterior pronotal process slender, tri- 
carinate, a little passing the posterior angle of inner teginiual 
margin ; base and basal upper area of tegmina distinctly finely 
punctate. 

Length 5i to 6 millim. 

Hah. Ceylon; Pundaluoya, Hakgala (Z^\ E. Green). 

Genus CENTROTUS. (Vol. IV, p. 45.) 
Centrotus i:ndicatus. (Vol. IV, p. 46.) 

Add: Hah. South India; Cliikkaballapura {T. V. Campbell). 
Ceylon ; Madulsima {T. B. Fletcher). 

Genus ANCHON. (Vol. IV, p. 49.) 
Anchon pilosum. (Vol. IV, p. 49.) 

Add: Hah. South India; Mysore State {T. V. Campbell). 
Pusa; Behar (C. S. Misra). Coimbatore. Shevaroy Hills {T. B. 
Fletcher). Kumaou. 

Anchon ulniforme. (Vol. IV, p. 50.) 

Add : Hab. South India ; Mysore State {T. V. Campbell). 

Anchon eectangulatum. (Vol. IV, p. 51.) 

Add: Hah. South India; Mysore State (I'. V. Campbell). 

Genus ANCHONOIDES, nov. 

Type, A. typicus, Dist. 

Distribution. Ceylon, 

Allied to Anchon (vol. iv, p. 49), but differing in the structure 
of the posterior pronotal process, wliicdi rises obliquely direct 
near base of prouotum and is then strongly obliquely and sinuately 
dii-ected downwards, the apex moderately passing the posterior 
angle of the inner tegminal margin, but strongly inwardly lobately 
\\'idened near middle and there attached to the body at the apex 
of the scutellum, which is longer than broad. 

3360. Anchonoides typicus, sp. n. 

Head and pronotum castaneous brown, a greyish-white spot at 
each basal angle of the scutellum ; body beneath and legs brownisli 
ochraceous ; tegmina bronzy-ochraceous, the upper half to beyond 
middle where it is connected with the inner margin distinctly 
darker and containing three small greyish-white spots in oblique 
series, the centre of the inner apical cell also somewhat blackish ; 
pronotum thickly coarsely punctate, the lateral angles long, 



TEICENTItUS. 163 

robust, recurved aiitl iipieally acute, tlie posterior process obtusely 




Fig. 120. — Anclwnoidcs ti/picns. 

angulate above near base, distinctly tricarinate, the apical area 
slender and closely depressed to tbe inner margin of tegmen. 

Length 9 ; breadtli lat. pronot. process. 6;i niillim. 

Hah. Ceylon; Hakgaja (/^". E. Green). 



Genus TRICENTRUS. (Vol. IV, p. 53.) 

3361. Tricentrus kamaonensis, sp. n. 

Pale greyish brown, thickly greyishly pilose, pronotal lateral 
angles distinctly darker and more blackish ; legs ochraceous, 
thickly greyishly pilose ; tegmina subhyaline, wrinkled, venation 
ochraceous, except on apical area where it is blackish ; pronotum 
centrally, percurrently, longitudinally carinate, the lateral angles 
robust, transversely and a little upwardly extended, their apices 
oblique and a little recurved, their upper surfaces rugose and 
punctate, posterior process moderately attenuated and darker on 
posterior half, the apex very slightly passing the posterior angle 
of the inner tegniinal margin, both centrally and laterally carinate. 

Length 6 ; breadth hit. pronot. process. 4 millim. 

Hab. Kumaon ; Bhimtal. 

A species to be distinguished by its somewhat large size, coarsely 
pilose character, the strong and apically oblique pronotal lateral 
angles, the somewhat slender apex to the posterior pronotal 
process, &c, 

3362. Tricentrus repandus, t^p. n. 

Head and pronotum dark castaneous brown, moderately ochra- 
ceously pilose, apex of posterior process blackish ; legs piceous, 
the tibiae paler and distinctly, shortly, densely, greyishly pilose ; 
tegmina subhyaline, moderately wrinkled, the basal angular area 
castaneous brown outwardly margined by a somewhat indistinct 
l^ale transverse fascia, renation brownish ochraceous; pronotum 
distinctly tinely punctate, irregularly pilose, centrally, percurrently 
longitudinally carinate, the lateral angles of moderate length, 
distinctly upwardly and obliquely directed, the apices narrowed, 
somewhat strongly recurved, and subacute, the margins promin- 
ently carinate, posterior process apically attenuated, laterally 

m2 



164 APPBNDIX. — MEMBRACIDJS. 

subcarinate, the apex about reaching the posterior angle of the 
inner tegminal margin ; tegmina with the basal dark area thickly 
linely punctate. 

Length 7 ; breadth lat. pronot. process, ok millim. 

Sab. Assam. 

This species may be recognized by the upwardly and apically 
strongly recurved lateral pronotal angles, the more compressed 
and centrall_y cariuate posterior pronotal process, the thickly 
pilose tibiae, &c. 

3363. Tricentrus euscMstus, sp. n. 

Head and pronotum black, more or less finely pilose ; eyes and 
legs bright ochraceous ; tegmina subhyaline, moderately wrinkled, 
venation brownish, the basal angular area blackish; pronotum 
thickly punctate, centrally, longitudinally, percurrently cariuate, 
the lateral angles transversely slightly upwardly produced, the 
apices acute, posterior process tricarinate, its apex acute, a little 
upwardly produced and slightly passing the postei'ior angle of the 
inner tegminal margin ; the dark basal angular area of the tegmina 
coarsely punctate. 

Length 5 ; breadth lat. pronot. process. 3 millim. 

Hah. Tenasserim ; Mjitta (Duherty). 

The straightly produced, acute pronotal angles of this species 
is very distinctive, and recalls the appearance in that respect of 
the Pentatomid genus Euschistus. 

3364. Tricentrus bovillus, sp. n. 

Pronotum and legs testaceous ; face blackish, very thickly 
greyish pilose ; extreme apices of the lateral angles and posterior 
process to pronotum black; tegmina subhyahne, wrinkled, basal 
angle fuscous ; pronotum thickly punctate, longitudinally and 
percurrently centrally ridged, the lateral angles strongly and 
transversely horizontally and slightly upwardly produced, their 
apices subacute ; posterior process tricarinate, its apex subacute 
and slightly passing the posterior angle of the inner tegminal 
margin ; the dark basal angle of the tegmina coarsely punctate. 

Length 6 ; breadth lat. pronot. process. 4 millim. 

Hah. Burma ; Moulmein. 

Allied to the preceding species, 1\ euschistus, from which it 
differs by the larger size, different colour, more robust lateral 
pronotal angles, the non-apically recurved posterior pronotal 
process, &c. 

3365. Tricentrus horizontalis. sp. n. 

Pronotum dark bronzy-brown ; face blackish, thickly, longly, 
palely pilose ; legs more or less pilose, the tibiae more strongly so ; 
femora black, their apices and the tibiae more castaneous brov\n, 
lateral areas of the sternum white ; tegmina bronzy, wrinkled. 



TRICENTKUS. 



165 



the veins dafker, the basal angular area bronzy-brown, im- 
mediately followed by a large white costal spot, a small white 
spot at each basal angle o£ the .scutellum ; pronotum sparsely, 
finely, lougly pilose, the lateral angles widely robust and longly 
horizontally extended, their apices oblique and very slightly 
recurved, ceutrally, percurrently, longitudinally carinate, the 
posterior process coarsely punctate, tricarinate, the apex sub- 
acute, slightly recurved and just passing the posterior angle of 
the inner tegminal margin. 

Length 5| ; breadth hit. pronot. process. 4 millim. 

Hah. Burma ; Moulmein. 

A species to be recognized by the very robust pronotal lateral 
processes and by the white markings to sternum, tegmina, and 
scutellum. 

Tricejv'trus projectus. (Vol. IV, p. 55, tig. 48.) 
Add : Hah. Burma ; Moulmein {Ind. JIus.). 

336G. Tricentrus bifarcus, sp. n. 

Head and pronotum fuscous brown ; legs testaceous, bases of 
the femora black ; tegmina pale bronzy, reflecting the dark 
abdomen beneath, basal area dark, or fuscous brown ; pronotum 
thickly punctate, centrally longitudinally, percurrently carinate, 




Fig. 121. — Tricentrus hifurcus. 

the lateral angles obliquely erect, their apices subacute and 
distinctly recurved, posterior pronotal process short, robust, not 
reaching the posterior angle of the inner tegminal margin. 

Length 5^ ; breadth lat. pronot. process. 3 millim. 

Hah. DarjiUng. 

Allied to T. projectus., Dist., but differing by the recurved 
pronotal lateral angles, and the shorter posterior pronotal 
process. 

Tricentrus subangulatiis. (Vol. lY, p. 55.) 

Add: Hah. South India; Chikkaballapura {T. V. CampheU). 
Bengal ; Eajmahnl. United Provinces ; Bolund (Pusa Coll.). 
Goalbathan {Annandale, Iwl. Mus.). Burma ; Moulmein. 

A number of specimens collected by L)r. Campbell, and others 
from the Pusa collection, aiford me the opportunity of revising 



166 APP£NJ)IX. — MEMBRACIDJE. 

the description of my species based on the unique type from the 
Nilgiri Hills, which was, I now see, discoloured so far as the legs 
are concerned. Legs not black, but femora black, extreme apices 
and the tibia? and tarsi castaneous or dark ochraceous, apices of 
the tarsi black ; in some specimens the head and pronotum are 
bronzv-brown, in others black, as described in type. 

Length 4| to G ; breadth lat. prouot. process. 3 to 3| millim. 

Teicentrus albomacdlatus, (Vol. IT, p, 56.) 
Add : Hah. S. India ; Marikuppam {Ind. Mus.). 

3367. Tricentrus allabens, sp. n. 

Head and pronotum black ; face somewhat thickly ochraceously 
pilose, posterior pronotal process with the upper surface of the 
apical area dull castaneous ; legs ochraceous, the trochanters 
black ; lateral areas of the sternum whitely tomentose ; tegmina 
subhyaline, wrinkled, reflecting the dark abdomen beneath, the 
venation fuscous, the basal area black, immediately followed by 




Fig. 122. — Trkcntrits allabens. 



a white transverse fascia ; pronotum thickly, rather coarsely 
punctate, the lateral angles slender, recurved, their apices acute, 
centrally, longitudinally, percurrently carinate, posterior process 
tricarinate, the apex acute, slightly passing the posterior angle 
of the inner tegminal margin. 

Leno-th 5-6 ; breadth lat. pronot. process. 3 millim. 

Hab. E. Himalayas ; Kurseong, 4700-5000 ft. (iV. Annandale). 

Allied to T. suhcmr/idatus, Uist., and T. alhomacidatus, Dist., 
but differing from both by the long, slender, recurved pronotal 
angles. 

3368. Tricentrus pronus, sp. u. 

Head, pronotum, and legs black, the tarsi ochraceous ; tegmina 
dark ochraceous, the basal angular area black, which is sometimes 
outwardly margined by two obscure pale ochraceous spots; 
pronotum thickly finely punctate, centrally, percurrently, longi- 
tudinally carinate, the lateral angles somewhat wide, compressed, 
horizontally produced, their apices moderately angularly recurved, 
posterior pronotal process tricarinate, its apex acute, scarcely 



TKICENTJtUS. 167 

passing the posterior angle of the inner tegminal margin ; basal 
dark area of the tegmina darkly punctate. 

Lengtii 4-4| ; breadth lat. pronot. process. ',> niillim. 

Ilab. Cochin State ; Kavalai {F. H. Gravehj). 

Allied to T. t/ibbosuhis. Walk., and 2\ congesius. Walk., but 
differing from both by the narrower and shorter pronotal lateral 
angles ; viewed from the front these are more upwardly turned 
and acute than in T. gibbosulus and much shorter than in 
T. coiKjestus. 

3369. Tricentrus aeneiis, sp. n. 

Bronzy-brown, pronotum and face pilose, apical areas of 
anterior pronotal processes and the posterior pronotal process 
distinctly darker ; femora black, their apices and the tibiae and 
tarsi testaceous ; tegmina pale bronzy-brown, the basal angular 
area distinctly darker ; pronotum centrally, longitudinally, per- 
currently carinate, the anterior processes upwardly, obliquely 
directed, their apices subtruucate or obliquely truncate, the 
posterior process robust, tricarinate, the apex almost reaching the 
posterior angle of the inner tegminal margin, the extreme apex 
subacute ; tegmina wrinkled, the basal dark area finely punctate. 

Length 5 ; breadth lat. pronot. process. 3| millim. 

Hab. E. Himalayas ; Kurseong {N. Annandalv) ; Darjiling 
Distr. ; Peshoke, Kallimpong, Ghumti {H. Gravel;/), Pussimbing 
(H. H. Mann). Assam ; Margharita. Bengal ; British Cham- 
paran. Kumaou ; Almora (Z>. Paiva). Tenasserim ; Myitta 
{Dohertii). 

A species to be recognized by the obliquely upturned anterior 
pronotal processes, which are also (outwardly seen) tricarinate, 
the almost universally bronzy-brown coloration, the moderately 
short robust posterior process, &c. 

3370. Tricentrus resectus, sp. n. 

Pronotum ochraceous, the anterior disk, front, margins of 
pronotal angles, and apex of posterior process fuscous brown ; 
face piceous, thickly lougly pilose ; legs brownish testaceous, 
pilose ; tegmina subhyaline, wrinkled, the veins brownish, basal 
area brownish, containing an ochraceous spot near costal margin ; 
pronotum tliickly finely punctate, centrally, longitudinally, per- 
currently carinate, the anterior lateral angles moderately short, 
broad and robust, transversely and a little upwardly produced, 
their apices subacute and very slightly recurved, posterior process 
robust, tricarinate, the apex acute and very slightly passing the 
posterior angle of the inner tegminal margin. 

Length 6 ; breadth lat. pronot. process, 3 millim. 

Hab. Burma ; Maymyo (//. L. Andreives). 

Allied to T. scleniis, Buckt., but with much shorter and more 
oblique lateral pronotal angles. 



168 APPENDIX. — MEMBRAOIIVE. 



Genus CENTRUCHUS. 

Centruchus, Stal, Hetn. Afr. iv, p. 93 (1866). 

Type, C. fuscijMnnis, Germ., nn African species. 

Distribution. Ethiopian and Oriental Regions. 

Pronotum with the disk moderately raised and rounded in 
front, the lateral angles short but prominent and more or less 
horizontally directed, the posterior process moderately robust, 
strougl}^ tricarinate, not remote from seutellum and impinging on 
tegmina, apex acute and usually passing the posterior angle of the 
inner tegminal margin. 

Closely allied to Tricentriis. so much so, that till I saw the 
African type of CentnicJius I included two Indian species in 
the ^ former genus. Centruchus cannot be regarded as a very 
distinct genus. 

Cenxruciius cuneatus. 

Tricentrua cuneatus, Di.^t. Fann. Brit. Tiid., Rhynch. vol. iv, p. 56, 
tig. 49 (1907). 

Centeuchus decoeatps. 

Tricentrus decoratus, Dist. Imm. Brit. Lid., Bhynch. vol. iv, p. 58, 
%. 50 (1907). 

3371. Centruchus mutilus, sp. n. 

Head and pronotum bluish black ; legs blackish, palely pilose, 
apices of femora testaceous ; tegmina pale bronzy, extreme basal 
angular area blackish ; legs purplish red ; pronotum thickly 
coarsely punctate, centrally, longitudinally and percurrently 
carinate, the lateral angles very short and recurved, their apices 



Fig. 123. — Centruchus mutilus. 

subacute, posterior process robust, strongly tricarinate, its apex 
subacute and reaching the posterior angle of the inner tegminal 
margin. 

Length 7 ; breadth lat. pronot. process. 4 millim. 

Hah. Burma; Maymyo {H. L. Andrewes). 

In structure allied to C. decoratus, Dist. 



EBIIUL, 169 



Genus TRICENTE0IDE3, iiov. 

Type, T. proprius, Dist. 

Distrihution. Assam. 

Allied to Tricentrus, from which it differs by the more slender 
and longer posterior pronotal process, the more rounded apical 
veins to the tegiuina and the peculiarly liyaline nature of the 
same. 



3372. Tricentroides proprius, sp. n. 

Head and pronotum castaneous ; face, posterior margin of 
front, apices and inner margins of lateral pronotal angles and 
apical area of posterior pronotal process, black ; legs pale testa- 
ceous ; tegmina subhyaline with the venation blackish, narrow 
basal area black, costal area more or less tinged with blackish ; 
pronotum thickly coarsely punctate, the lateral angles slender. 




Fig. 12-t. — Triccniruideif proprius. 

strongly produced transversely and upwardly, their apices slightly 
recurved and subacute, posterior pronotal process acute and passing 
the posterior angle of the inner tegminnl margin, its apical area 
distinctly upwardly recurved ; basal dark area of tegmina coarsely 
punctate. 

Length 7; breadth lat. pronot. process, 4| millim. 

Hah. Assam ; Cherrapuuji, 4400 ft. {S. W. Kemp, Incl. Mus.). 

Genus EBHUL. (Vol. lY, p. 59.) 

Ebhul tarius. (Vol. IV, p. 59.) 

Add: Hah. Upper Burma; Maymyo, 3500 ft. {T. B. Fletcher). 
Borneo ; Sarawak {J. C. Moidton). 

3373. Ebhul formicarius, sp. n. 

Head and pronotum castaneous brown, the first between 
eyes and the latter at base and middle of posterior process 
ochraceous ; sternum and legs dark brownish ochraceous, the 
femora (exchidiug apices) more or less piceous ; abdomen be- 
neath piceous, the segmental margins ochraceous ; tegmina 
brownish, tesselated with greyish, the greyish mai'kings more 
prominent on apical area ; pronotum strongly elevated at base 



170 APPENDIX. — MEMBEACIDjE. 

where the apex is strongly foveate witli the margins ridged, the 
posterior process sinnately waved, arclied at base where it is 
separated from the scutenum, which is slightly longer than broad 
"with its apex slightly recurved ; face broadly centrally sulcate, 
the marginal ridges very prominent. 
Length oi millim. 





^ ■ 

Fig. 125. — Ehhul formicarius. 

Hah. Upper Burma; Maymyo, 3500 it.{T. B. Fletcher). 
" Common on garden-plants at Maymyo. Attended by ants." 
A species to be recognized by the very robustly elevated basal 
area of pronotum with its foveate apex. 



Genus GARGAEA. (Vol. IV, p. 60.) 
3374. Gargara contraria, sp. n. 

Head and pronotum pale yellow ; body beneath blacldsh, much 
greyishly tomentose ; apex of the posterior pronotal process 
black ; tegmina subhyaline, extreme basal angle and the veins 
pale yellow ; femora castaneous, their apices and the tibise and 
tarsi pale yellow ; pronotum finely grauulose, posterior process 
moderately sinuate at base, its apex acute and reaching the 
posterior angle of inner tegmiual margin, finely eenti"ally carinate; 
pronotal lateral angles subprominent. 

Length 4 millim. 

Bab. Punjab ; Lahore. 

Allied to G. citrea, List. (vol. iv, p. 63), but differing by the 
much less sinuate margins of the posterior pronotal process, 
different colour of tegmina, body beneath, and legs, 

GrAEGARA MAJUSCULA. (Vol. IV, p. 61, fig. 53.) 

Add : Hab. Bengal Hill Tracts ; Eangamati, Chittagoug {E. 
Hodgart, Ind. Mus. ). 

Gaegaea citeba. (Vol. IV, p. 63. j 

Add : Hab. Burma ; outside Tarm Caves nr. Moulmein (i^. U. 
Gravely). 



GA.BGARA. 171 

Gargaea sikhimensis. (Vol. IV, ]). 64.) 

Add: Hah, South India; Xandidrug (7'. V. Camphell). 

3375. Gargara confusa, sp. n. 

Head and pronotuni black, shortly, sparingly, palely pilose ; 
femora black, their apices and the tibia? pale testaceous, tarsi 
oc-hraceous ; tegmina greyish ly opaque, the basal area black, the 
apical area much clouded with i'liscous brown, the apical margin 
and a spot near the posterior angle of the inner margin being 
particularly so ; pronotum very thickly, somewhat finely, punctate, 
the lateral angles subacutely prominent, finely centrally per- 
currently cariuate, the posterior process only just reaching the 
posterior angle of the inner tegminal margin. 

Length 4 ; breadth lat. pronot. angl. 2 millim. 

Hah. Calcutta. 

Allied to G. sil-himeiisis, Dist,, but differing by the mox-e slender 
and unicolorous posterior pronotal process, smaller size, &c. 

3376. Gargara extrema, sp. n. 

Head and jironotum black, finely palely pilose ; body beneath 
black, thickly, finely, palely pilose ; legs ochraceous, basal areas of 
femora black ; tegmina subhyaline, base narrowly ochraceous ; 
veins on apical ai-ea distinctly blackish, apical margin somewhat 
broadly black ; costal margin narrowly black ; pronotum granu- 
losa, the lateral angles somewhat distinctly subangularly promi- 
nent, the posterior process slightly curved, centrally prominently 
carinate (this carination distinctly continued throughout pro- 
notum), the apex acute and reaching the posterior angle of the 
inner tegminal margin; the ochraceous basal area of tegmina 
punctate. 

Length 5 ; breadth lat. pronot. angl. 2.| millim. 

Hah. Ceylon ; Peradeniya (E. E. Green). 

Allied to G. rivulata, Dist. 

Gargara mixta. (Vol. IV, p. 65.) 

Add: Hah. South India : Nandidrug (7^. V. Camphell) ; Coim- 
batore (on Brinjal, Pusa Coll.). Eeliar, Akra, Cochin State ; 
Parambikulam (F. H. Gravely). 

3377. Gargara mixta, var. ? nandidrugana. 

Head and pronotum thickly covered with ochraceous pile ; 
pronotum with two central longitudinal black fasciai between 
which the colour is pale castaneous, apical area of the pronotal 
process black ; a black spot on each side of front above eyes ; 
body beneath (as seen in carded specimen) blackish, palely pilose ; 



172 



APPENDIX. — MEilBRACID.^:. 



femora black, their apices and the tibiae and tarsi pale castaneous ; 
tegmina dark ochraceous, with the exception of the apical 
margin the whole surface is more or less mottled with black ; 
lateral prouotal angles prominent, but not produced ; posterior 





"*^ 



Fig. 12(1. — Gargara >iiiaia, vnr. ? nandidrvgana. 

pronotal process reaching the posterior angle of the inner tegminal 
margin, strongly centrally carinate, its apex acute. 

Length 5 ; breadth lat. pronot. angl. 2^ millim. 

Hah. South India; Nandidrug (T. V. Camphdl). 

This may prove to be a distinct species? 

3378. Gargara splendidula, sp. ii. 

Head and pronotum black ; body beneath and legs black ; 
tegmina subhyaline, the basal area and a very large central 
irregular spot black ; prouotnm (including the posterior process) 
coarsely punctate, the posterior process very strongly centrally 
carinate, this cariuation much more faintly continued on disk of 
pronotum ; the basal black area of the tegmina tlistinctly 
punctate. 

Length 5 ; breadth lat. pronot. angl. 2| millim. 

Hah. N. Lidia [Brit. Mus. — Purchased at the sale of the 
specimens belonging to the Entomological tSociety of London). 



3379. Gargara caelata, sp. n. 

Body black ; central carination to pronotum (excluding apex of 
posterior process) castaneous red; legs black, apices of femora 
castaneous red : tegmina fuscous brown mottled with gre^ash, the 
apical marginal area more distinctly greyish ; pronotum thickly 
finely ])unctate, centrally percurrently carinate, tlie posterior 
pronotal process sinuate at base, moderately amjdiated at middle, 
the apex narrowed and subacute, face thickly finely punctate. 

Length 6 ; breadth lat. pronot. angl. 2^ millim. 

Hah. jXilgiri Hills (^'tV G. Hampson). 

A large species to be readily recognized by its peculiar and 
distinct coloration, and in this respect alhed to G. venosa, Walk., 
from Tondano. 



MACH.liBOTYPUS. 173 

Genus POGONTYPUS. (Vol. IV, p. 07.) 

POGONTYPUS COMPLICAXUS. (Vol. IV, p. 07.) 

Add: Hah. Ceylon; Kiuidy, Yativantola ((?/'ee)i). 

3380. Pogontypus ? dissimilis, sp. u. 

Head and proiiotuni testaceous, posterior pronotal process 
stramineous witli a medial fascia and the apex fuscous ; body 
beneath testaceous, the legs ochraceous, apices of tarsi black ; 
tegmina dark ochraceous, the apical area paler with two large 
dark tuscous spots ; pronotura granulose, posterior pronotal 
process slender, sinuate, the apex recurved and reaching [the 





\ 

Fig. Vl'i.—l^ogoiiti/pus ! dissimilis. 

posterior angle of the inner tegminal margin ; basal and costal 
marginal area of the tegmina thickly punctate; lateral angles 
of the pronotum moderately acutely prominent. 
Length 4; breadth lat. pronot. augl. 2 milhm. 
Hah. Cevlon {E. E. Green). . . „ 

I have provisionally included this species m Pogontypus, from 
which it ditfers in the more raised and waved posterior process of 
the pronotura. My knowledge of the species is, however, confined 
to a single specimen. 

Genus MACH^ROTYPUS. (Vol. IV, p. 68.) 

MACHiEKOXYPUS DISCKETUS. (Vol. IV, p. 69.) 

Add : Hah. Ceylon ; Nuwara Eliya, Peradeniya {E. E. Green). 

3381. Machserotypus pallescens, sp. n. 

Body and legs ochraceous; head with a transverse fascia 
between eyes, a spot on each side of pronotum behind ^yes, and 
suffusions" to sternum black, the last palely sericeous ; tegmina 
pale ochraceous, subhyaline, the costal area and venation ochra- 
ceous, a brownish spot in inner apical cell ; apices of tarsi black ; 
pronotum coarsely granulose, its ])osterior process slender, cen- 
trallv and laterally carinate, curved at base and remote from 



174 Al'PENDIX. MEMBRACID.^, 

scutellum, apical area deflected and apex recurved, scarcely 
passing posterior angle of inner tegmiual margin ; costal area of 
tegmiua thickly coarsely punctate. 

Length 4| to 5 niillim. 

Hab. Ceylon ; Nuwara Eliya {E. E. Green). 

33S2. Maehaerotypus nuwarana, sp. n. 

Face and frontal area of prouotum black, very finely pilose, 
anterior disk and the posterior process ochraceous, apex of the 
latter black, the lateral pronotal angles black ; legs ochraceous, 
apices of the tibiae black ; teginina bronzy-yellow, basal angle and 
a large part of the costal area black ; pronotum punctate, cen- 
trally, longitudinally, percurrently carinate, the posterior process 
slender, curved, its apex touching the inner tegniinal margin but 
not quite reaching its posterior angle ; basal angle and costal 
ai-ea of tegmina punctate ; anterior pronotal angles subpromineut 
and subacute. 

Length 5 millim. 

Hah. Ceylon ; Nuwara Eliya {Brit. Mus.). 

Genus OCCATOR, nov. 

Type, 0. erecius, Dist. 

Distribution. E. Himala_yas. 

Sculellum complete ; prouotum siibglobose, lateral angles only 
obsoletely produced, the posterior process moderately slender, 
well separated from the scutellum, the apical area strongly up- 
turned, tricarinate, apex not passing the posterior angle of the 
inner tegmiual margni, the central carination percurrent through- 
out its entire length ; tibiae not dilated ; tegmina with the apical 
cells nearly straight; ocelli much nearer eyes than to each other; 
front with two tubercles near its posterior margin. 

In this enumeration allied to the genera MachcBrotypus and 
Demanga (vol. iv, pp. 68, 69), but distinct by the shorter and 
peculiarly upturned posterior pronotal process. 




Fig. \2i'i.--0ccaior erect us. 

3383. Occator erectus, sp. n. 

Head, pronotum, and scutellum black; femora black, tibiae 
ochraceous ; tegmina shining ochraceous, darker where the abdo- 
men is reflected above ; base and about two-thirds of the costal 



COCCOSTEEPIIWS. 



17o 



margin black ; pronotiini and basal black area of the tegniina 
thicklj punctate, the front pilose; sternum behind eyes with 
a distinct tomentoselj greyish spot. 

Length 5 millim. 

Hah. E. Himalayas ; Kurseong, 4700-5000 ft. {N. Annandale, 
Ind. Mus.). 

Genus COCCOSTERPHUS. (Vol. IV, p. 70.) 
COCCOSTEIIPHUS MINUTUS. (Vol. TV, p. 71.) 
Add : Hah. N.E. Madras ; Lake Chilka {N. Annandale). 





Fig. Ili9. — Coccosierphus minutus. 

Specimens from Madras (one of which is here figured) seem to 
agree with Stal's description of this Fabriciau species. 

3384. Coccosterphus paludatus, sp. n. 

Head and pronotum castaneous, finely palely pilose ; pronotal 
front and face thickly greyislily pilose, the former with two large 
castaneous spots ; legs ochraceous, the femora (excluding apices) 
black ; apical area of posterior pronotal process black ; tegmina 
greyish white, tlie basal area and a transverse fascia beyond 
middle brownish ochraceous, the dark basal area immediately 





Fig. 130. — Coccosferohus jialudutus, 

followed by a transverse greyish-white line^ the apical area much 
mottled with brownish ochraceous ; base of pronotum strongly 
centrally ridged, the ridge finely tuberculate, a broader, convex 
and less elevated ridge on each side, the pronotal front centrally 
and transversely ridged, the posterior pronotal process concave at 
base, the apical area strongly compressed and convex. 

Length 3|-4 ; breadth lat. pronot. angl. 2 -2;! miUim. 

Hab. South India; Chikkaballapura {T. V. CamphelJ). Orissa, 



176 APPENDIX. — MBMBRACID.il, 

near Puri (iV. Annandale). N.E. Madras ; Lake Chilka (iV. 
Annandcde). Calcutta (J. Caunter). 

Allied to C. tuherculatus, Motsch. (vol. iv, p. 72, fig. 59). 

COCCOSTERPIIUS OBSCURUS. (Vol. lY, p. 73, fig. 60.) 
Add: Hah. Calcutta (on Boerhavia repeiis — F. H. Gravely). 

Greniis INSITOR, nov. 

Tvpe, /. exemplijicatus, Dist. 

Distribution. Nilgiri Hills. 

Pronotum anteriorly prominently elevated, compressed, its 
apical surface anteriorly and posteriorly subconvexly ampliated, 
viewed from the front appearing as a prominent spine, the lateral 
angles obsoletely prominent, posterior process strongly concavely 
sinuate, its apical area convexly ampliate, not reaching the claval 
apex ; no complete scutellum ; tibiae not dilated ; tegmiua with 
the apical areas moderately straight. 

The peculiar and distinct structure of the pronotum is the 
salient character of this genus. 

3385. Insitor exemplificatus, sp. n. 

Pronotum fuscous or piceous brown ; legs ochraceous ; tegmina 
dull greyish, irregular blackish spots in clavus, basal area brownish 
ochraceous, a broad ti-ansverse fascia beyond middle, becoming 
evanescent before inner margin, a spot at posterior angle ijOf the 




Fig. 131. — Inst for exemplifieuti.s. 

inner margin, and some small scattered apical spots, piceous or 
black ; pronotum thickly, strongly punctate, the front moderately 
pilose ; dark basal area to the tegmina thickly punctate ; other 
structural characters as in generic diagnosis. 

Length 3| to 4 milhm. 

Hah. Nilgiri Hills {T. V. Camphell). 

Genus PARAYASA, nov. 

Type, P. typica, Dist. 
Distribution. South India. 

Allied to Yasa, Dist. (vol. iv, p. 74), but with four large apical 
areas to the tegmiua ; the posterior pronotal process short and 



PARAYASA. 



177 



more or less concavely sinuate, not nearly reaching the posterior 
angle of the inner margin ol" the teginina ; ocelli about as lu^ar 
to eyes as to each other ; posterior tibia) a little curved. 

3380. Parayasa typica, sp, n. 

Head and |)rono(um black, finely palely pilose; body beneath 
blackish ; femora black, their apices and the tibiae and tarsi more 
or less brownish or piceous ; teginina black, claval and siibclaval 
areas, a central transverse fascia or series of spots, ])osterior 





Fig. 182. — Parayam. typica. 

costal area and large apical spots, greyish white ; pronotum with 
the lateral angles subproiiiinent, centrally cariiiate throughout its 
entire length, the posterior process not nearly reaching the 
posterior angle of the inner tegminal margin ; basal area of 
tegmina strongly punctate ; posterior tibiae a little curved. 

Length 4 to 4| ; breadth lat. pronot. angl. 1| to 2 millim. 

Hal). South India ; Ivodaikanal (2'. V. Campbell). 

3387. Parayasa maculosa, sp. n. 

Head and jironotuni brownish ochraceous, thickly finely pilose; 
body beneath brownish ochraceous, sternum largely suffused with 
greyish ; femora black, their apices and the tibiae and tarsi pale 
castaneous ; tegmina greyish white, much spotted and suffused 





Fig. Vfi'-S. — Parayasa Diaculasa. 

with fuscous brown, especially on basal area which is almost 
entirely of that colour; pronotum granulose, centrally longitudi- 
nally carinate, the posterior process concavely sinuate, not nearly 
reaching the posterior angle of the inner margin of the tegmina; 
basal dark area of tegmina thickly punctate; posterior tibiae a little 
curved. 

Length 4 ; breadth lat. pronot. angl. 2 inillim, 
you VI. N 



178 APPENDIX. MEMBEACIDjE. 

Hah. South India; Naudidrug and Kodaikaiial {T. V. Camphell). 
In some specimens the greyish white ahnost makes a maculate 
transverse fascia near the middle of the tegmina. 



3388. Parayasa elegantula, sp. n. 

Head, pronotum, and body beneath brownish ochraceous, very 
thickly finely pilose ; legs brownish ochraceous ; tegmina with 
about basal half brownish ochraceous and crossed near its termina- 
tion by a pale greyish-virescent transverse fascia, remaining area 
mostly palely virescent with small brown spots and the veins also 
of that colour; pronotum centrally distinctly carinate, posterior 




Fig. 134. — Parayasa elegantula. 

process concavely sinuate, its apex black, not nearly reaching the 
posterior angle of the inner margin of the tegmina; base of 
tegmina moderately punctate; posterior tibia? a little curved. 

Length 4 ; breadth lat. pronot. angl. 2 millim. 

Hah. Nilgiri Hills (7'. V. Camphell); Ootacamund, Somerdale 
{E. E. Green). South ludia ; Kodaikanal {T. V. Campbell). 

3389. Parayasa affixa, sp. n. 

Head and pronotum brownish ochraceous, central and lateral 
areas of front and the ftice blackish, apex of the posterior pronotal 
process black ; legs ochraceous, apices of the tarsi black ; tegmina 




Fij^. 135. — Parai/a^a affi.ra. 

pale ochraceous, the basal area dark brownish within and black 
above, the venation ochraceous, beyond the middle the interior 
of most of the cells is black with the exception of those on the 
upper apical area ; pronotum finely pilose and punctate, centrally 



PARAYASA. 179 

longitudinally, percurrently carinate, the lateral angles sub- 
prominent, the ])o.sterior proceps concave at its basal area, slightly 
convexly gibbous at apex, which does not nearly reach the pos- 
terior angle of the inner tegminal margin ; face and tibite 
distinctly pilose. 

Length 4 ; breadth lat. pronot. angl. 2 niillim 

Hub. Mlgiri Hills (r. V. Camphdl). 



3390. Parayasa atricapilla, sp. n. 

Head and pronotum dark brovvnisli ochraceous, finely pilose, 
the anterior and frontal areas of the pronotum and the face black, 
the apex of the posterior proaotal process moderately black; 
legs dark testaceous ; tegmina subhyaline, wriidded and with some 
opaline lustre, the veins and costal and basal areas brownish ochra- 
ceous ; pronotum finely punctate and pilose, obscurely centrally 
percurrently carinate, the lateral angles subacutely promineut, 
the posterior process only moderately concave, its apical area only 
very slightly dilated, the apex not nearly reaching the posterior 
angle of the inner tegminal margin ; tegmina with the base 
punctate, the dark abdomen beneath refiected above ; tibi;e 
pilose. 

Length 2^-3 : breadth lat. pronot. angl. 1| millim. 

II ab. Xilgiri Hills {T. V. CampbeU). 



3391. Parayasa affinis, sp. n. 

Allied to P. atricapilla, Dist., in the colour and markings of the 
pronotum, the posterior pronotal process, however, being more 
concavely sinuate ; tegmina (excluding apical area) dark brownish 
■ochraceous, the costal area and a broad transverse central fascia 
being distinctly darker, apical area pale greyisli mottled with 
brown. A larger and broader species than P. atricapilla, the 
pronotum much more distinctly centrally carinate ; the face paler 
and not black, the pronotal lateral angles a little more broadly 
subacute ; the dark transverse central area to the tegmina 
contains some short, transverse, linear greyish spots. 

Length 3.4 ; breadth lat. pronot. angl. 2.} millim. 

Hab. 8. India ; Nandidrug {T. V. Campbell). 



3392. Parayasa dissimilis, sp. n. 

Head, pronotum, and body beneath fuscous brown, more or less 
thickly finely pilose, greyishly pilose on stenunn ; femora black, 
their apices and the tibite and tarsi obscure ochraceous ; tegmiiux 
l)ale greyish green, the basal area, a transverse fascia near middle, 
a large spot ;it posterior angle of the inner margin and some 
smaller spots on a])ical area, fuscous brown, venation more or 

n2 



180 



APPKXDIX. — MF.MBKACID-i:. 



less ochraceoiis ; pronotum granulose, the lateral an,<j;les distinct 
but not prodiiceii, posterior process short, concavely sinuate, with 




Fig. 136. — Parai/asa dis»iniiHs. 

the apex distinctly upcurved ahove the inner margin of the- 
tegraina ; base oi teginina distinctly punctate. 

Length 4; breadth hit. pronot. angl. 2 inillim. 

Hah. South India; \\oAi\.\k:nvA {T. V. Camphell). 

3393. Parayasa margherita, sp. n. 

Head and body beneath black, or blackish brown, pronotum 
dark castaneous, its apex a little bhxck ; femora black, their apices 
dark ochraceoiis, tibiae a little paler thau femora ; tegmina 
brownish ochraceous with some pale virescent suffusions, the 
base and an indistinct oblique fascia beyond middle dark cas- 
taneous ; pronotum finely granulose, distinctly centrally carinate, 
the lateral angles distinct but not produced, the posterior process 




Fig. 137. — Parayaaa margherifa. 

robust, very slightly sinuate, but not nearly reaching the posterior 
angle of the inner tegminal margin. 

Length 4; breadth hit. pronot. angl. 2 millim. 

Hah. Assam ; Margherita. 

This species, though I include it in the genus Parayasa, 
possesses characters which are scarcely congeneric, such as the 
practically non-sinuate posterior pronotal process, the longer and 
straighter apical areas to the tegmina, &c., but at present I con- 
sider it better to pursue a comprehensive treatment, till further 
material is available. 



3394. Parayasa nilgiriensis, sp. n. 

Head and pronotum indigo-black, sparingly finely pilose; 
scutellum with an elongate oblique white tomentose spot near 



I'ARAYASA. 



181 



•each basiil angle ; steruum with the Literal areas more or less 
greyishly tomeiitose ; legs ocliraceous, tarsi (excluding base) 
black ; tegmina j):ile ocliraceous, subhyaliiie, the venation darker, 
extreme base indigo-black, iiinuediately followed by au obscure 
whitish transverse fascia, extreme apical margin, especially the 
inner hall:', distinctly darker ; pronotum thickly, finely punctate, 
percurrently, centrally, longitudinally finely carinate, the lateral 
angles subprouiiiient, the posterioi* pronotal process apically acute, 
well separated from the posterior angle of the inner tegminal 
margin. 

Length 4.7-0.4 ; breadth lat. pronot. angl. 2 millim. 

JIah. Nilgiri Hills (2'. V. Campbell), 

Found on Indii/o splendens. 

3395. Parayasa modesta, sp. n. 

Head and pronotum black; femora black, their apices and the 
tibiiB and tarsi pale testaceous, apices of tarsi black ; tegmina dull 
semihyaline with a slight dull olivaceous tint, the venation 
(especially on apical area) dull ochraceous, the apical cellular 
areas distinctly paler, the basal angular area fuscous brown ; 
pronotum thickly finely punctate, the lateral areas subprominent, 
the posterior process straight, the apex acute, not nearly reaching 
the posterior angle of the inner tegminal margin. 

Length 4; breadth lat. pronot. angl. 14 millim. 

Hah. Nilgiri Hills {T. V. Campbell). 

3396. Parayasa rustica, sp. w. 

Head and pronotum pale tawny brown, thickly, rather longly 
palely pilose, apex of posterior pronotal process black ; legs dax*k 
ochraceous, the trochanters blackish ; tegmina dull greyish, much 
mottled with pale brown, the basal and costal areas and two large 




Fig. 138. — Parayasa rii.siica. 

subquadrate cellular spots beyond middle being the most promi- 
nent darker markings ; pronotum thickly punctate as well as 
pilose, the lateral anglas subprominent, depressed on each side 
near anterior margin, the posterior pronotal process only moder- 
ately concavely siiuiate, the apical area slender, not dilated, the 
apex not nearly reaching the posterior angle of the inner 
tegminal margin ; libite pilose ; tegmina with the basal ai'ea 
distinctlv punctate. 

Length 4; breadth lat. pronot. angl. 1^ millim. 

JJab. Nilgiri Hills ; Lovedale (7'. V. Campbell). 



182 



APPE.VUIX. MEMBRACTD^:. 



Genus SARRITOR, nov. 

Type, S. retnsvs, Dist. 

Distribution. Jiurma. 

Pronotum apparently without a posterior pronotal process * ; 
pronotum elongate, truncate before scutelluni, concave laterally, 
the latei'al angles frontally produced, very robust but distinctly 
recurved, the edges strongly carinate, the apices subacute, the 
disk distinctly centrally depressed, viewed frontally the produced 
angles are more oblique; scutelluin exposed, not quite so long- 
as broad at base, its apex rounded and centrally distinctly 
eoncavely excavate ; eyes exposed above at each concave lateral 
margin of the pronotum ; face much shorter than front, the ocelli 
almost as near to each other as to eyes ; tegmina with the apical 
venation straight. 

Apart from the apparently peculiar absence of the posterior 
pronotal process, on which too nnich certainty must not be under- 
stood, the peculiarly concave lateral margins of the pronotum, 
thus rendering the eyes visible from above, will render the genus 
as readily distinct. 

3397. Sarritor retusus, sp. u. 

Pronotum dark ochraceous or pale testaceous ; face thickly 
greyishly pilose ; legs ochraceous ; abdomen beneath dull greyish 
VA'ith the segmental margins darker ; scutellum dark ochraceous 
or pale testaceous, the base with two contiguous white, sliortly 




<3:>» 




Fig. 139. — Sarritor retusus. 

pilose spots; tegmina subhyaline, strongly wrinkled, reflecting 
the dark abdomen beneath, the basal area pale ochraceous and 
thickly punctate ; pronotum thickly, finely punctate, centrallv, 
longitudinally, percurrently carinate, behind the eyes slightly 
subacutely prominent ; other structural characters as in generic 
diagnosis. 

Length 5-6; breadth lat. pronot. process. 3 millim. 

Hah. Lower Burma ; outside Farm Caves near Moulmein 
(F. H. Gravely), base of Dawna Hills {N. Annandale). 

I have seen four specimens of this species. 

* I have seen four specimens received at various times in which no 
mutilation can be detected. The Ethiopian genus ColoborrJiis Germ. (Stal) 
(which I have not seen) is described as having the thorax " processu postico 
destitutns." 



CKHCoi'iDi:. 183 



Family CERCOPIU.E. (Vol. IV, p. 79.) 

Subfamily MACH.EROTIN.E. (Vol. IV, p. 79.) 

Genus MACH^ROTA. (Vol. IV, p. 80.) 

3398. Machaerota assamensis, sp. u. 

Head and prouotum dark testaceous ; central area of face and 
anterior area of pronotum black, the latter centrally divided 
by the testaceous central carination, lateral areas of face ochra- 
ceous with the striations blackish ; scutellar process pale testaceous, 
a lateral longitudinal spot on each side of base and the posterior 
margin of the basal process pale ochraceous ; body beneath black 
or blackish, the femora black with their apices testaceous, anterior 
and intermediate tibiae piceous, posterior tibia; bright pale ochra- 
ceous, their apices piceous ; tegmiua pale hyaline, three subapical 
cells, about eight apical marginal cells, the one at apex largest 
and suffused with brownish, basal areas of extreme costal and 
inner margins black; ])osterior scutellar process strongly convexly 
depressed and reaching the tegminal apices. 

Length iucl. tegm. 6 niillim. 

Hah. Assam ; Margherita {Brit. Mus.). 

Allied to M. ai>dama)u'iisis, Dist. 

3399. Machaerota noctua, sp. n. 

Piceous ; face piceous or brownish ochraceous, with the central 
area black ; basal area of scutellar process with an elongate spot 
on each side and the posterior mai-gin ochraceous, posterior 




Fig. 140. — MacJuero/a itdclua. 

scutellar process testaceous with a small white spot at base ; 
legs black or piceous, posterior tibiae pale ochraceous, their bases 
and apices narrowly black ; tegmina hyaline, the veins finely 
spotted with brownish, about six marginal cells, the three apical 
ones much the largest, three subapical cells, basal areas of 



184 APPENDIX. — CERCOPID^. 

extreme costal and inner n)argins black ; posterior fjcutellar 
process not reaching apex of tegmina and remote from same, 
not strongly convexly recm-ved. 

Length incl. tegin. 5| millim. 

Hab. Pnsa and Eaj puttee {H. MaxweJl-Lefroy) ; Madras Presi- 
dency, Waltair {Ind. Mus.). 

Allied to M. a ndamanensts, Dist., but differing by the shorter 
posterior scutellar process, face less uniformly black, scutellum 
not ferruginous at base, the marginal cells to tegmina more 
quadrate and uniform in size. 

3400. Machaerota pandata, sp. n. 

Head, pronotum, and basal area of scutellar process brownish 
testaceous speckled with black, on the pronotum these speckles 
are more or less coalesced and forming marginal and three discal 
obscui-e fasciae ; face with the central area black, the lateral areas 
ochraceous with the striatious black ; basal area of scutellar 
process with an elongate spot at each basal angle and the 
posterior margin white, posterior scutellar process testaceous, 
with black and white spots at its base ; legs (imperfectly seen in 
unique carded specimen) castaneous, a spot at apices of femora 
and the posterior tibiae (excluding bases and apices) pale ochra- 
ceous ; tegmina very pale ochraceous, veins concolorous, reflecting 
the dark abdomen beneath, and thus giving the appearance of a 
dark transverse fascia near base ; the posterior scutellar process 
is strongly deflected and about reaches the tegminal apices. 

Length incl. tegm. 6 millim. 

Hab. Nilgiri Hills (T. V. Campbell). 

Allied to the preceding species, but with the posterior scutellar 
process much more convexly depressed and reaching the tegminal 
apices. 

Mach^kota planiti.e. (Vol. IV, p. 84.) 

Add : Hab. Madras Presidency, Waltair {Ind. Mus.). 
N. Bengal; Purneah Distr., Bhogaon (C. A. Paiva). 

I have recent!}^ received a specimen of this species from the 
Calcutta Museum labelled "On Zizi/pJiusjujuba" (F. H. Gravely). 

M. 'planitim varies in the extent of the convex depression in 
the posterior scutellar process. 



Genus CONDITOR, nov. 

Type, C. collatatus, Dist. 

Distribution. Brit. India. 

Head about as long as breadth between eyes, roundly foveate 
on disk ; ocelli near fi'out of eyes and nearer to each other than 
to eyes ; face globose, centrally, moderately, longitudinally ridged 



POOPllILUS. 



185 



and finely transversely striate ; proaotuin elongate, ils greatest 
breadth about equal to the length of itself and head together, 
anteriorly I'eclined, posterior disk distinctly convex, the lateral 
angles ainpliated, rounded and somewhat laminate ; scutellum 
about twice as long as broad at base, its disk (excluding base) 
moderately t'oveate and centrally carinate, its lateral areas broadly 
concavely flattened, posterior scutellar process short and slender ; 
tegmina talc-like, subhyaline, the veins very prominent and 
robust, four apical cells, costal area distinctly but moderately 
widened at base. 

Allied to MacJuvrojfsis (vol. iv, p. 8-1). 

3401. Conditor coUatatus, sp. n. 

Head, pronotum, and scutellum castaneous brown, abdomen 
black, sternum and legs brownish ochraceous ; tegmina talc-like, 
semi-hyaline, basal half with small black spots, apical area much 




Fig. 141. — Conditor coUatatus. 

suffused with brownish ochraceous ; wings pale hyaline, the 
venation faintly black ; pronotum thickly, faintly, finely punc- 
tate ; other structural characters as in generic diagnosis. 

Length excl. tegm. 6; exp. tegm. 17 milliin. 

Hah. Cochin State ; Parambikulam {P. H. Gravdhj, Iml. Mas.). 



Subfamily APHROPHORIN^. (Vol. IV, p. 85.) 

Genus POOPHILUS. (Vol. IV, p. S6.) 

POOPHILUS COSTALIS. (Vol. IV, p. 80.) 

Add : Hah. Bengal ; Chanmahani (on Paddy — T. Bainhriggi 
Fletcher). Assam ; Bhutan Frontier, Mangaldai Distr. (-S. W 
Kemp). United Provinces ; Allahabad {B. Lord). Nepal Terai ; 
Bijaura {Ind. Mus.). 



186 



APPENDIX. — CERCOPID.^. 



Genus PTYELUS. (Vol. IV, p. 87.) 

3402. Ptyelus hambantotensis, sp.n. 

Head and pronotum greyish ochraceous ; vertex with two 
central longitudinal fasciae, pronotum with three central and 
two sublateral fasciae (the latter more or less broken), scutellum 
with three longitudinal spots (one apical and two basal), black ; 
face dull blackish, anterior area more or less ochraceous, with two 
prominent shining black spots on anterior margin ; tegmina pale 
ochraceous, a large basal costal marginal spot, a transverse spot 




Fig. 142. — Ttyclus hambantoteiisis. 

on each side of apex of scutellum, two oblique fasciae on each 
side of disk, a transverse fascia near claval apex, and some linear 
spots on apical area, black ; body beneath black with ochrnceous 
suffusions ; legs blackish ; vertex finely pilose with a central 
longitudinal incision ; pronotum and scutellum finely pilose ; 
posterior tibiae with two spines. 

Length 7 millim. 

Hah. Ceylon ; Hambantota {T. Bainhrigge Fletcher). 

Ptyelus nebulosus. (Vol. IV, p. 88.) 

Add: Hah. South India; Chikkaballapura {T. V. Camjihell). 
Nilgiri Hills {H. L. Aadreivs). Coimbatore (on Calotropis — 
T. r. Eama). 

Ptyelus hiesutus. (Vol. IV, p. 89.) 

Add : Hah. Bengal ; Tribeni, Hooghly Distr, [hid. Mus.). 
Calcutta (A\ Annandah^j. 

Ptyelus sexvittatus. (Vol. IV, p. Ul.) 

Add : Hah. Bengal ; Pusa (A'. S. P. — on Paddy), Chapra 
(^Mackenzie). 



ci.oviA. 187 

3403. Ptyelus jayakari, s]). u. 

Pale brownish ocliraceous ; central anterior margin of vertex 
ochraceous with some small black spots ; scutellum with a distinct 
black spot at each basal angle and a small piceous spot on each 
side before apex, tegmina thickly mottled with short transverse 
linear pale castaneous markings ; body beneath and legs pale- 
brownish ocliraceous ; face with a broad central longitudinal 
fascia, a basal spot between face and eyes, its apical area (more 
or less) and disk of clypeiis and sternum piceous, i'ace with the- 
basal margin narrowly ocliraceous, the transverse striations pale 
castaneous ; rostrum with its apex black and reaching the inter- 
mechate coxae; legs either shaded or longitudinally striped with 
brownish ; vertex considerably shorter tban pronotum, narrowed 
and rounded in front of eyes, and broadly and irregularly longi- 
tudinally furrowed ; pronotum more or less strongly longitudinally 
furrowed on its anterior area ; apices of the tarsi piceous or 
black. 

Length 84 to 9| milliiii. 

JJah. Bandra (Jayul-ar, Brit. IIus.). Bombay (Dixon). South 
India; ChikkahalLipura (T. V. CamjiheU). Ceylon; Madulsima 
(T. Bainhrigge Flctclier). 



3404. Ptyelus cinereus, sp. u. 

Head, pronotum, and scutellum ocliraceous ; face and cheeks 
ochraceous, the first with the posterior area and the clypeus 
piceous ; body beneath piceous, the abdominal segmental margins 
narrowly ochraceous ; legs ochraceous, apices of the posterior 
tibite piceous ; tegmina ochraceous, a linear fascia in clavus, 
a basal subcostal fascia terminating at about one-third from base 
where it is downwraxUy recurved, a transverse macular Fascia a 
little beyond middle, and some apical suifusioiis dark castaneous ; 
vertex transversely incised before apex, the ocelli about equally 
removed from each other as from eyes; face globose, finely 
transversely striate ; pronotum with the disk finely, centrally, 
longitudinally incised, the whole surface very finely wrinkled ; 
posterior tibia) with two slender spines. 

Length 7 millim. 

Hah. Bengal ; Pusa {K. 8. P.), Skripur (//. MaxireU-Lefroij). 



Genus CLOVIA. (Vol. IV, p. 93.) 
Clovia conifer. (Vol. IV, p. 93.) 

Add: Hab. Lebong; Phoobsering (//. ili«.rw<j?^Lf/ro?/). Assam; 

Mangaldai Distr. {Kemp). Cochin State ; Trichur {F. H. 

Gravely). E. Himalayas ; Sukna {N. Annandalc). Upper- 
Burma ; Hopin (?'. Bainhrigge Fletcher). 



188 APPENDIX. — CERCOPID.li. 

Clovia puncta. (Vol. IV, p. 94.) 

Add : Hah. South India ; Cliikkaballa])ura, iS'ilgiri Hills and 
Mysore State (7'. F, Camphell). Bengal; Chapra {Muchenzie, 
Fasa Coll.), Skripur, Saran {lad. Mas.). 

3405. Clovia burmanica, sp. ii. 

Vertex of head, pronotum, and scutelluni pale brownish 
ochraceous with numerous longitudinal darker linear fasciae; 
body beneath and legs more or less brownish ochraceous ; tegmina 
dark brownish ochraceous, two large white spots on costal 
margin, the tirst near middle, the second near commencement 
of apical area, above the tirst spot is an inner curved white fascia 
reaching base, beyond middle obscure linear white markings ; 
pronotum distinctly longitudiiuiUy impressed on its anterior half 
and less distinctly longitudinally ridged ; face dark brownish, on 
each lateral area transversely striate ; posterior tibiaj with two 
spines. 

Length 8 millim. 

Hah. Upper Burma; Maymyo, 3500 ft. {T. Bainhngge Fletchet'). 

Allied to C. aiulamanensis, Dist. 

3406. Clovia mundiila, sp. n. 

Vertex of head ochraceous, with two central longitudinal black 
lines ; pronotum black, with three central longitudinal ochraceous 
lines ; scutellum ochraceous, with two basal quadrate black spots ; 
face greyish white, the anterior and lateral margins and two 
central spots black ; sternum greyish white with black coxal 
spots; body beneath and legs pale brownish; tegmina black, a large 
costal spot near middle, tAvo more linear spots near apical area, 
and a number of smaller and ill-dehned spots on apical and 
subapical areas greyish white ; vertex of head about as broad as 
long, obtusely angularly produced; apex of scutellum acute; face 
smooth, distinctly transversely carinate where the black spots 
occur. 

Length 7 millim. 

Hah. Ceylon; Nuwara Eliya (i?ri<. J/ns.). 

Genus LEPYRONIA. (Vol. IV, p. 97.) 

3407. Lepyronia dsedalia, sp. n. 

Head, pronotum, and scutelluni black, narrow anterior margin 
of vertex, narrow posterior margin of pronotum and two discal 
spots to same, and apex of scutellum, ochraceous ; face, clypeus, 
and cheeks pale ochraceous, anterior margin of face, and a spot 
on each cheek near clypeus, black ; sternum and legs ochraceous ; 
abdomen, a large spot behind each anterior coxa, lateral marginal 



APHROPHOEA. 



189' 



areas of sternun), and apices of tarsal joints, black; tegiiiina 
black, two oblique macular fasciic (before and near middle), a 
transverse macular fasciate spot behind clavus, lateral marginal 
spots, and smaller linear apical iuargit)al spots, pale ocliraceous ; 




Fig. 14u. — Lcpiinniid fJa-ilnli'i. 

head and pronotum thickly finely punctate, the head depressed 
before eyes and foveate at apex, shorter than broad, ocelli nearer 
to each other than to eyes ; pronotum discally longitudinally finely 
sulcata ; tegmina thickly hnely punctate, posterior tibiu) \\ ith two 
spines. 

Length 6 millim. 

Hah. South India ; Kodaikanal (7'. V. Camphell). 



Genus APHROPHORA. (Vol. IV, p. 99.) 

Aphrophoka distajS'ti to replace A. hisignata, Dist. (Vol. IV, 
p. 100), nom. prseocc. 

Cercopis distanti, Lallem. Gen. Insect. Fa^c. 143, Hum. p. 60 (^1912). 

An unlocalised specimen has been described by AValker under 
this name (Iiis. 8aund., Honi. p. 93, 1858), and therefore 
Dr. Lallemand has rightly renamed my species. 

ApHEOPHORA BURMANICA. (Vol. I\', p. 100.) 

Add : Hah. E. Himalayas ; Kurseong {N. Annandale). 

A single specimen secured by Dr. Annandale at Kurseong is of 
a varietal character, having a pale spot with bhick anterior and 
posterior margins on costal area of ^tegmina just before apical 
area. 



Apheophoea nancim:. (Vol. W, p. 101.) 

Add : Hah. Dehra Dun Distr., Jaunsa Division, Mundali, 
E. Himalayas, near Darjiling (ii. B. llorsfall). 



190 



APPENDIX. CERCOPlD.i:. 



A.PHROPnORA. SIGILLIFERA. (Vol. IV, p. 103.) 

Add: Hah. Darjiling. Ceylou ; Nuwara Eliya (iJ^i'i. J/hv.)- 

3408. Aphrophora nuwarana, sp. n. 

Vertex of head and pronotum castaneous brown, central 
carination to first ochraceous, pronotum with a central discal 
white fascia posteriorly bifurcating as two connected spois, the 
anterior area a little paler with some black linear markings, 
scutellum testaceous with its apex pale ochraceous ; face ochra- 
ceous, the striations darker with a black transverse fascia beyond 
middle ; legs ochraceous, annulated with dark testaceous ; tegmina 
purplish brown, the costal area more or less broadly ochraceous ; 
A'ertex of head finely punctate, a more or less distinct carination 
near each eye, between which and the central carination the 
surface is distinctly foveate ; pronotum coarsely punctate, the 
posterior margin concavely emarginate ; scutellum compresse 
base where it is punctate, the apex practically impunctate ; 
tegmina thickly coarsely punctate ; posterior tibiae with a strong 
spine beyond middle. 

Var. Face without the transverse black faecia ; apex of 
scutellum black, not ochraceous ; tegmina ochraceous. 

Length 8 millim. 

Hah. Ceylon ; Nuwara Eliya (Brit. Mus.). 

3409. Aphrophora trifasciata, 8p. n. 

Vertex of head black with ochraceous suffusions ; pronotum 
ochraceous, with three longitudinal black fasciae, the central 
fascia narrow and situate on the carination ; scutellum black, its 
apex ochraceous ; face with its upper half black, the lower half 




Fig. 144. — Apliro'pliora trifasciata. 

ochraceous ; body beneath and legs ochraceous, the latter aiuiu- 
lated with castaneous ; tegmina ochraceous, beyond middle to 
apex much suffus^ed with fuscous, some similar coloration on inner 
claval margin and a series of minute spots on costal margin ; 



ABDAS. 191 

vertex of head finely punctate, pronotum coarsely punctate ; face 
considerably longer than broad, the lateral areas strongly striate 
on upper half, less prominently so on lower half ; clypeus ochra- 
ceous, spotted with fuscous brown ; abdomen above centrally, 
longitudinally incised; head and pronotum centrally, longitudinally 
car in ate. 

Length excl. tegm. 5 ; exp. tegm. 14 milhm. 

Hah. Lebong ; Phoobsering {H. Mcuvwell-Lefrotj). 

Genus ABDAS, nov. 

Type, A. nimcupatus, Dist. 

Distribution. S.India; Ceylon. 

Vertex of head shorter than breadth between eyes, subconically 
narrowed from eyes to apex, which is obtusely angulate, obliquely 
depressed on each lateral area ; ocelli near the ej-es ; pronotum 
subequal in length to that of vertex, both finely, centrally carinate ; 
face moderately globose, about as broad as long, centrally longi- 
tudinally carinate, distinctly transversely striate ; clypeus about 
reaching apex of anterior coxae ; scutellum very small, triangular, 
about as long as broad at base ; I'ostrum slightly passing the 
anterior coxae ; pronotum with the anterior margin moderately 
convex, the lateral margins narrowly outwardly oblique to lateral 
angle and then broadly inwardly oblique to base of scutellum ; 
posterior tibiae with two promiiient spines ; tegmina about two- 
and-a-half times as long as broad, apical areas indistinct. 

In this enumeration allied to AjArojihoni, from which it diflfers 
in the longer head, small scutellum, broad face, &c. 

3410. Abdas]^nuncupatus, sp. n. 

Vertex of head, pronotum, scutellum, and tegmina pale shinino- 
ochraceous, thickly finely punctate; eyes and a more or less distinct 




Fig. 145. — Abdas jinnciijxifns. 

central fascia to head and pronotum black; face black, the anterior 
margin and two small spots at base of clypeus ochraceous;' 



192 APPENDIX. — CEKCOPID^. 

sternum and abdomen beneatli black ; femora black, their bases 
and apices, tibise and tarsi, coxae and trochanters ochraceous, 
apices of tibise black ; face coarsely, closely striate, shortly hirsute j 
other structural characters as in generic diagnosis. 

Long. Og-t) millim. 

Hah. 8. India ; Kodaikanal {T. V. Camphell). Nilgiri Hills; 
Ootacamund, Somerdale (£". E. Green). 



Genus JEMBRANA. (Vol. IV, p. 104.) 

Jembeana ornata. (Vol. IV, p. 105.) 

Var. The coloration considerably darker than in the type. 
Add: Hcdy. 8. India; Kodaikanal {T. V. CampMl). 

3411. JemlDrana costalis, sp. 11. 

Ero^vni^h ochraceous ; tegmina with the costal area beyond 
base more or less broadly pale dull ochraceous, the extreme costal 
margin from base to about middle narrowly pale ochraceous 
spotted with black, near centre of tegmen an oblique, broken, 
greyish line, sometimes Aery indistinct ; face ochraceous, the 
striations darker, the anterior aiea generally much darker ; 
scutelluni black or blackish, sometimes its apex and margins paler; 
legs with pale annulations; rostrum passing- the posterior coxae ; 
vertex of head somewhat centrally broadly ridged and finely 
centrally carinate, punctate and transversely wrinkled ; pronotum 
coars^ely punctate, tricarinate, the lateral carinations somewhat 
obscure, anteriorly liifoveate ; scutellum discally depressed, punc- 
tate and transversely wrinkled ; tegmina thickly punctate. 

Length Tg-S millim. 

Hah. Ceylon; INJadulsima {T. Baivhyir/ge FlefcJier). Malabar; 
Taliparamba. E. Himalayas : Kur^eong (C'. ^. Po{i'«). Darjiling 
(^F. H. Gravely). Travancore ; Kulattupuzha and Trivandrum 
i^N. Annan dale). Nepal Terai ; Dhakna Bagli (//irf. J/w;?.). Lower 
Burma; Moulmein {F. H. Gravehj). 

34] 2. Jembrana Wpartita, sp. n. 

Allied to the preceding species, J. costalis, but principally 
diifering in the tegmina, where the posterior half immediately 
behind the oblique broken greyish line is altogether darker and 
blacker in coloration and is here much more coarsely punctate 
than in J. costalis ; other characters very similar. 

Length 8 millim. 

Hah. Bengal ; Siliguri. 



PH1LA.GEA. 193 

3413. Jera"brana? obesa, sj). n. 

Head, pronotuii), and body beneath brownish ochraceous more 
or less shaded with purplish brown ; face purplish brown, w ith a 
central pale ochraceous spot of varying size and length, a similar 
spot on each cheek at anterior margin; femora castaneous brown, 
their apices and annuiations ochraceous, anterior and intermediate 
tibicB ochraceous, an nulated witli castaneous, posterior tibiae oehra- 
ceoLis with their apices castaneous ; tegiuina fuscous brown, the 




Fig. 140. — Jemhrana ! obesa. 

costal area paler but irregularly marked with dark spots ; head 
and pronotum punctate, the latter more coarsely so, both centrally 
longitudinally carinate, the pronotum with two roundly oblique 
carinations defining submarginal foveations ; tegmina coarsely 
punctate ; rostrum long, passing the posterior coxse ; posterior 
tibijB with two spines. 

Length 8-11 millim. 

Hah. Lebong ; Phoobseriiig, 500 ft. {H. MaxweU-Lefroi/). 
E. Himalayas; Kurseong (E. A. D^Ahreu); near Darjiling (ii'. B. 
Horsfall). 

I have included this species in the genus Jemhrana, from which 
it primarily differs by the bispinose posterior tibiae. 

Genus PHILAGRA. (Vol. lY, p. 107.) 

3414. Philagra costalis, sp. n. 

Head, pronotum, and scutellum piceous ; basal lateral margins 
of vertex in front of eyes, a narrow central longitudinal line and 
the lateral margins to pronotum, and a central longitudinal line 
and apex to scuteUum, ochraceous ; abdomen above ochraceous, the 
base and segmental margins piceous; body beneath and legs 
ochraceous, base and lateral margins of face, disk of sternum, and 
disk of abdomen beneath piceous or black ; vertex of head longer 
than pronotum, acurainately produced, its apex a little recurved, 
centrally strongly longitudinally carinate, its lateral margins less 

VOL. VI. O 



194 



APPENDIX. — CERCOPID,^. 



prominently carinate, face with the lateral margins obliquely 
striate ; pronotum very finely wrinkled, its base strongly sinuate 
before scutellum ; posterior tibioe with two spines ; tegmina 




Fig. \Al. — l'hilagr(i costalis. 

piceous brown, the costal margin broadly pale ochraceous ; wings 
pale fuliginous, the veins black. 

Length excl. tegm. 9|-10 ; exp. tegm. 18 millim. 

Hah. Ganges A^alley (Mackinnoyi). 



Genus VERVACTOR, no v. 

Type, V. tijplcalis, Dist. 

Distrihution. Ceylon. 

Vertex of head as long as breadth between eyes, which are 
longer than broad, subtriaugular, lateral margins oblique, apex 
subacute, centrally carinate and obliquely deflected on each side ; 
ocelli much nearer eyes than to each other ; face longer tlian broad, 
globose, transversely carinate, shortly obliquely narrowed before 
clypeus, which is short and globose ; pronotum sexangular, centrally 
carinate, about twice as broad as long, anterior margin convex, 
anterior lateral margins straight, posterior lateral margins oblique, 
a little concave, posterior margin angularly excavate before scu- 
tellum, which is broader than long ; tegmina with tiie costal 
margins convex, narrowing to apex, six small apical marginal 
cells ; posterior tibiae with a single strong spine beyond middle ; 
wliole upper surface more or less densely coarsely punctate. 



34:15. Vervactor typicalis, sp. n. 

Head, pronotum, and scutellum dark, shining brownish ochra- 
ceous, thickly and coarsely punctate ; vertex with a central anterior 
fascia and a marginal spot on each side in front of eyes, pale 
ocln-aceous ; face castaneous, with a darker spot before clypeus. 



HINDOLA. 195 

■and a central ochraceous suffusion or fascia ; pronotuin with a 
transverse series of pale spots ; logs ocliraceous ; tegmina brownish 
■ochraceous, more or less thickly coarsely punctate, most of the 




Fig. 148.— Vervactor ti/picalis. 

Teius suffused with black and ornamented with small white spots, 
a prominent black macular suffusion near middle of costal area; 
-other structural characters as in generic diagnosis. 

Length incl. tegin. 6 millim. 

Hab. Ceylon; Obiya (0. >S. WicTcwar). 



Genus HINDOLA. 

Carystus, StSl, Berl. Ent. Zeitschr. vi, p. 303 (1862) ; SfM, Hem. Afr. 

iv, p. 81 (1866), nom. prfeocc. 
Hindola, Kirk. Entomoloyid, xxxiii, p. 243 (1900), nom. nov. 

Type, //. viridicans, Stal, frosn Java, Singapore, and Tenasserim. 

Distribution. South Africa, Australia, Malaysia, and India. 

Vertex of liead narrow, much shorter than broad, subangularly 
produced in front of eyes, its base more angularly sinuate, near 
•apex transversely impressed ; face moderately globose, longer than 
broad, well separated from eyes ; rostrum short ; pronotum about 
three times longer than vertex of head, its anterior margin 
■strongly subangularly produced, lateral margins obliquely straight 
to base of tegmina then obliquely and somewhat sinuately con- 
tinued to base of scutellum, its base strongly concavely sinuate; 
scutellum much longer than broad ; tegmina about or almost 
three times longer than broad, apex rounded; posterior tibiaj with 
two spines. 



3416. Hindola lucida, sj). n. 

Head, pronotum, scutellum, body beneath and legs pale ochra- 
ceous, apical area of scutellum greyish white ; tegmina subhyaline, 
"wrinkled, base, claval area, and broad apical margin bronzv- 



196 



APPENDIX. — CEPtCOPJDJ2. 



brown ; pronotiiin finely wrinkled ; scutellum transversely im- 
pressed at commencement of the pale apical area; basal and 
claval dark areas of the tegmina strongly and coarsely pnnctate ; 




Fig. 149. — ■Hindoia lucida. 

face centrally longitudinally levigate, on each lateral area trans- 
versely striate, the striatious not reaching the lateral margins. 

Length incl. tegm. 6-8 millim. 

Hah. Cochin State ; Parambikulam {F, H. Gravely). 

Allied to the Malayan H. viridicans, Stai, but distinguished by 
tbe different markings and colour of the tegmina, larger size, &c. 



Genus HINDOLOIDES. 

Hindoloides, JDist. A. 31. ^\ H. (8) xv, p. 506 (1915). 

Type, H. indicans, Dist. 

Distribution. Calcutta. 

Vertex of head much broader than long, the anterior margin 
angularly subrotundate, the posterior margin more angulately sub- 
concave, about twice as broad as long, ocelli near base and on the 
lateral margins of the central lobe ; face globose, projecting,, 
longer than broad, clypeus short and broad ; pronotum convex, 
considerably broader than long, the anterior margin convex, the 
posterior margin profoundly concavely sinuate, the lateral margins 
moderately oblique, slightly concave near base ; scutellum con- 
siderably longer than broad, the apex acute, tiie lateral margins 
straightly oblique ; tegmina more than twice as long as broad,, 
about basal two-thirds coriaceous and coarsely punctate ; apical 
area subhyaline, the apices broadly rounded, subapical cells three, 
the innermost small ; posterior tibia? with two strong spines,, 
posterior tarsi robust, the basal joint longest. 

Allied to the preceding genus Uindola, but separated by the 
totally different structure of the face and the shorter and apically 
broader tegmina. 



QUINQLTATRUS. 



191 



3417. Hindoloides indicans, Dkt. A. M. N. H. (8) xv, p. 507 (1915). 

Head, proiiotum, scutc^lhim, body beneath and legs ocbraceous ; 
tegmina with nearly basal two-thirds ochraceous, remainder dull 
subh3faliue ; eyes l)lack, with two large black spots on face 




Fig. 150. — Hiiidolvides indicans. 

between them, meso- and metasterna sometimes spotted with 
black, but this is not a constant character ; structural characters 
as in generic diagnosis. 

Length inch tegm. oh—i millim. 

Hah. Calcutta — on Zizi/phtis jujuha. 

Genus aUINaUATRUS, uov. 

Type, Q. dohertf/i, Dist. 

Distribution. Tenasserim. 

Vertex ot head considerably more than twice as broad as long, 
including eyes about as wide as anterior margin of pronotum, 
ocelli at about middle and near base, very much nearer to each 
other than to eyes ; face longer than broad, moderately globose, 
cheeks broad, clypeus short and broad ; pronotum about twice as 
broad as centrally long, convex, the anterior margin somewhat 
angularly convex, the lateral margins oblique, a little concave 
anteriorly, the posterior njargin profoundly sinuate ; scutellum 
considerably longer than broad, apically acute ; tegmina much 
longer than the abdomen and considerably passing its apex ; 
posterior tibiae robust and armed with two strong spines, basal 
joint of posterior tarsi much longer than second or third ; tegmina 
with three apical cells. 



3418. Quiiiquatrus dohertyi, sp. n. 

Vertex of head testaceous ; pronotum and scutellum greenish 
ochraceous, the anterior margin of pronotum dark ochraceous, the 
lateral and posterior margins paler ; scutellum paler, centrally 
darker ; tegmina subhyaline, rellectiug the dark abdomen beneath, 



198 



APPENDIX. CERCOPI U.E. 



where it appears to be greenish ocliraceous ; body beneath and' 
legs ochraceous ; vertex of head rugulose ; pronotum thickly,. 




Fig. 151. — Quinfjuairiis dohcrfi/i. 

finely punctate, otlier structural characters as in generic- 
diagnosis. 

Length iucl. tegm. 5 niillim. 

Hah. Tenasserim Yalley ; Myitta (Z>o7;fri^). 



Genus XENAIAS, nov. 

Type, A"", notandus, Dist. 

Distribution. jS'ilgiri Hills. 

Vertex much sliorter tlian broad, angularly produced anteriorly, 
strongly concave posteriorly, ocelli a little more removed from 
eyes than from each other ; pronotum broader than long, anterior 
margin angularly convex, posterior margin narrower tlian anterior 
and strongly concavely sinuate, the lateral margins a little oblique 
to base of tegmina and then sinuate to apex ; scutellum consider- 
ably longer than broad, subtriangular, its apex acute : face longer 
than broad, moderately convex, well separated from eyes; clypeus 
more than half the length of face ; tegmina long, somewhat 
narrow, rather more than three times as long as broad ; posterior 
tibice with one spine. 



3419. Xenaias notandus, sp. d. 

Head, pi'onotum, and scutellum ochraceous, pronotum (ex- 
cluding anterior margin) considerably darker in hue ; body 
beneath ochraceous, the face and cheeks more testaceous, the- 
lateral margins of the face piceous ; legs ochraceous, the tarsi 
distinctly darker ; abdomen above ochraceous, a broad longitudinal 
black fascia extending from near apex of scutelhmi to abdominal 
apex ; head and pronotum thickly punctate, the pronotum 



ABIDAMA. 199 

(excluding anterior margin) more coarsely so ; tegmina very 




Fig. 152. — Xciiaias nofaiidus. 

thickly punctate ; other structural characters as in generic 
diagnosis. 

Long. 7-8 millini. 

Hah. Nilgiri Hills {T. V. CampheU). 



Subfamily CERCOPIN^. (Vol. IV, p. 109.) 

Genus CALLITETTIX. (Vol. IV, p. 111.) 
Calliteitix contigua. (Vol. IV, p. 112.) 

Add: Hah. Brit. India; United Provinces, Shazadpui- (Buohoo). 
W. Himalayas ; Kousanie (Tytler). Kuniaon ; Almora (C. Faiva). 

Genus ABIDAMA. (Vol. IV, p. ] 14.) 
Abidama pkoducta. (Vol. IV, p. 114.) 

Add: Hah. Upper Burma ; Wy'xikYiuvi, {T. Bainhrvjije Fletcher)^ 
Lower Burma ; Pegu Yonias, Thayetmyo Distr. (C /. Eoijers). 

Abidama euI'Ula. (Vol. IV, p. 114.) 

Add : Hah. East Bengal ; Goalbatlian {B. Hodgart). Assam ; 
Mazbat, Mangaldai Distr. {S. W. Kemp). 

3420. Al)idama scutellata, sp. n. 

(S . Vertex of head and pronotum black ; scutellum, body 
beneath, legs, and tegmina sanguineous ; vertex of head somewhat 
longly and subacutely produced in front of eyes; ocelli flavous, a 
little nearer to each other than to eyes; pronotum obscurely 
thickly finely punctate and transversely wrinkled; scutellum a 



200 APPENDIX. — CERCOPID.?;. 

little roundly impressed near each basal angle ; face centrally 
longitudinally ridged ; posterior tibiae with an acute spine. 

Length incl. tegiu. 6| millim. 

Hah. Assam ; Maugaldai Distr. 

Genus PAPHNUTIUS, nov. 

Type, P. ostentus, Dist. 

Distrihution. Xorth India. 

Vertex of head about as long as broad, rounded anteriorly, 
strongly centrally carinate, ocelli slightly nearer to each other 
than to eyes ; face moderately globose, longer than broad ; pro- 
notuni about twice as broad as long, the anterior margin nearly 
straight, the lateral margins slightly roundly oblique to tegniinal 
basal angle and then sharply oblique to basal angle of scutellum, 
the disk moderately conA'ex, posterior margin concave ; scutellum 
about as long as broad at base, centrally strongly foveate, posterior 
tibife with two spines. 

Allied to Caloscarta, Bredd., and differing principally in the 
centrally carinate vertex of the head. 

3421. Paphnutius ostentus, sp. n. 

Black, vertex of head, face, and metasternum sanguineous; 
vertex with a black spot before each eye ; pronotum finely thickly 




Fig, 153. — Paj^hniiihis osfc?ifus, 

wrinkled, moderately foveate near each lateral margin; scutellum 
roundly centrally foveate; tegmina very thickly finely punctate; 
other structural characters as in generic diagnosis. 

Length incl. tegm. 4| to 5 millim. 

IJah. Darjiling (7?. B. HorsfaJl and Lord CarmichaeVs Coll.). 

Genus CALOSCARTA. (Vol. IV, p. 115.) 
3422. Caloscarta pallescens, sp. u. 

Head, pronotum, and scutellum testaceous ; a discal spot to 



COTs^SIDIA. 



201 



apex of vertex of head (sometimes absent), a spot near each 
anterior angle of pronotum, and basal area of scutellum black, or 
blackish; body beneath and legs sanguineous, abdomen beneath 
blackish, a fascia crossing face between eyes and the disk of 
mesonotum black ; tegmina pale dull ochraceous, extreme base, 
base of costal margin and the inner claval mai'gin pale sanguineous ; 
head distinctly impressed before eyes ; pronotum thickly finely 
punctate and transversely wrinkled, in the typical specimen dis- 
tinctly centrally longitudinally impressed on the anterior area 
(but this is not a constant character) ; face longer than broad, 
distinctly laterally transversely striate and longitudinally centrally 
carinate to a little beyond middle. 

Length inch tegm. 6 to 7 millim. 

Hah. Ceylon ; Diyatalawa, 4000 feet, Peradeuiya {T. Bainhricjrje 
Fletcher). 



Genus CONSIDIA. 

Considia, Stdl, Ofr. Vet.-Akad. Fiirh. 1865, p. 152; Schmidt, Stett. 

Ent. Zeit. 71, ji. 324 (1910) ; Lallem. Gen. Insect. Fasc. 143, p. 82 

(1912). 
Tettigoscarta, Bredd. Sue. Ent. Zurich, xvii, p. 59 (1902). 

Type, G. transversa., Walk, 

Distribution Burma ; Malayan Region. 

Head broader than long, rounded in front, the anterior marginal 
area flattened, ocelli about as wide apart as from eyes ; face 
globose, almost as broad as long ; pronotum about as broad as 
length of pronotum and head together, anterior margin nearly 
straight, lateral margins slightly roundly oblique to basal tegminal 
anglp and then a little concavely oblique to basal angles of scu- 
tellum, convex, somewhat depressed and flattened at lateral mar- 
gins, centrally, longitudinally moderately carinate ; scutellum 
about as long as broad, centrally, discally, roundly foveate ; 
posterior tibife with a strong spine beyond middle ; tegmina 
elongate, about three times as long as broad. 



3423. Considia nitidula, Bredd. Soe. Ent. Zurich, 1902. p. 59 ; Eist. 
Bee. Lid. Mus. ii, p. 139 (1908); id. A. M. X. H. (8) xiv, 
p. 333(1914). 
Considia borealis, Schmidt, Arch./. Xaturr/. 70, p. 101 (1910). 

Head, pronotum, and scutellum black, apex of scutellum 
greyish white ; face, pro- and mesosterna and abdomen beneath 
bla( k ; legs ochraceous ; tegmina blackish or piceous, a spot at 
base (sometimes absent), a discal spot near middle, a small spot 
at claval apex, aud two spots, one marginal, on apical area, 
greyish white ; pronotum very finely wrinkled and punctate ; 



202 APPENDIX. — CERCOPIIXT'. 

scutellum foveate and transversely striate ; tegmiua thickly finely 
punctate. 




154. — Cona'uUa nitidula. 



Length iucl. tegm. 11 to 11^ millini. 

Hab. 'Bui-ma (ScJunidt). — Malay Peninsula ; Siaiu. 



Genus EOSCARTA. (Vol. IV, p. 115.) 

Eoscarta, Brcdd. Soc. Ent. Zurich, xvii, p. 58 (1902) ; Dist. liec. 

Lid. 3Itts. ii, pt. 11, p. 131 (1908) ; Lullem. Gen. Insect. Fasc. 143. 

p. 115 (1912). 
Eui-yaulax, Kirk. Hep. E.ip. Stat. Haw. Plant. Assoc, pt. ix, p. 380 

(1900). 

Eoscarta BOREALis. (Vol. IV, p. 116.) 

Eoscarta borealis, Dist. Bee. Ind. Mrs. ii, pt. 11, p. 132 (1908). 
Eoscarta eos, Bredd. Soc. Ent. Zurich, xvii, p. 58 (1902). 

Yar. Mesosternum black ; legs luteous with the tarsi (or their 
apices only) black. 

Add: Hah. Nilgiri Hills ; Lovedale (r. V. Campbell). 

In eleven specimens sent home by Mr. Campbell, ten are of the 
varietal character described above, and one conforms to the typical 
standard, save that the tarsi are only black. 

3424, Eoscarta fuscata, sp. u. 

Head, pronotum, scutellum, and face black or blackish ; an- 
terior and intermediate legs black, posterior legs reddish ; abdomen 
above and beneath sangviineous ; sternum longly ochraceous ; 
tegmina fuscous brown ; vertex of head rugose; face longly cen- 
trally furrowed, the lateral areas very finely striate ; pronotum 
finely punctate and pilose, the anterior area morn or less distinctly 
furrowed ; scutellum centrally foveate ; posterior tibice spined 
beyond middle. 

Length excl. tegm. 6; exp. tegm. 19 millim. 

Hab. South India; Kodaikanal {T. V. Camjibell). 



yigiijAntius. 203- 

3425, Eoscarta ferruginea, sp. n. 

Head, pronotum, sciitelluiii, and tegmina pale ferruginous 
brown ; face and abdomen above and beneath sanguineous ; 
sternum and legs brownish ochraceous ; face with a distinct, broad, 
longitudinal furi'ow, the lateral carinations pronounced, vertex of 
head rugose, in places punctate, and in some specimens margined 
with sanguineous ; pronotum finely punctate and transversely 
wrinkled ; scutellum centrally foveate ; posterior tibia) with a 
strong spine beyond middle. 

Lengtli excl. tegm. 5-8 ; exp. tegm. IS millim. 

Hah. South India ; Kodaikanal (2'. V. Cam/>bell). 

Genus VIGILANTIUS, nov. 

Type, V. fascicdis, Dist. 

Distribution. South India. '^ 

Vertex of head wrinkled and tuberculate, broader than long,, 
subtriangular, the apex rounded ; face longer than broad, centrally 
longitudinally sulcata, its lateral areas transversely striate, com- 
pressed ; pronotum about twice as broad as long, centrally, finely,, 
liiieately sulcate, anterior margin behind head subtruncate, the 
lateral margins moderately convex to base of tegmina and tiien^ 
concave to base of scutellum, posterior margin concavely sinuate, 
the disk declivous towards head ; scutellum about as long as 
broad, centrally foveate ; legs moderately slender, posterior tibiae- 
with a single spine; tegmina more than three times as long as- 
broad, three apical cells. 

3426. Vigilantius fascialis, sp. n. 

Dull dark ochraceous ; apical area of vertex and central area of 
face sanguineous ; ])rouotum thickly finely punctate and faintly 








Fig. 155. — Vi(jilantii(.sJ'usfialis. 



transversely wrinkled, the anterior margin levigate, behind which 
on each side is a foveate depression ; tegmina faintly, finely 



204 



APPENDIX, — CEBCOPID.E. 



punctate, basal area of the costal margin moderately ampliated 
and slightly recurved ; legs ochraceous, anterior femora more or 
less longitudinally streaked with black or piceous, apices of the 
tarsi black : structural chai-acters as in generic diagnosis. 

Long. 8-9 millim. 

Hah. South India ; Kodaikanal (J'. V. CampheU). 

Genus AUFIDUS. 

Aufidus, Stm, Trcms. Ent. Soc. Lond. iii, p. 594 (1863) ; Bist. Rec. 

Ind. Mus. vol. ii (2), p. 13.3 (1908) ; Lallem. Gen. Insect. 

Fasc. 143, p. 121 (1912). 
Aufidellus, Kirk. Rep. Exp. Stat. Haw. Plant. Assoc, ix, p. 381 

(1906). 
Aufiterna, Kirk. he. cit. p. 382 (1906). 

Type, A. irifasciatus, Stal, from New Guinea. 

Distribution. India; Malay Peniusula and Archipelago; Aus- 
tralia. 

Vertex of head somewhat flattened and concave, nearly twice 
as broad at base as long, couvexly rounded anteriorly, face more 
or less longitudinally furrowed, ocelli close together near central 
base ; pronotum sexangular ; scutellum distinctly foveate ; teg- 
miiia with the veins distinct, before apex distinctly transversely 
veined ; tibise a little longer than the femora, posterior tibiae with 
a strong spine beyond middle. 

3427. Aufidus shillonganus, sp. u. 

Vertex of head pale ochraceous, the basal area between eyes 
black; pronotum with anterior half pale ochraceous, the basal 
area marginally black, centrallv pale ferruginous ; seutelluiu 




Fig. 156. — Aujidus skill ongantcs. 

ochraceous ; body beneath and legs ochraceous ; prosternum and 
abdomen beneath more or less piceous; tegmina subhyaline, the 
claval and subclaval areas nale ferruginous, a broad transverse 



PHYMATOSTETHA. 205' 

blackish spot ou costal and subcostal areas near base, tbe trans- 
verse veins defining apical area broadly piceous ; prouotum thickly 
and finely punctate ; face only moderately longitudinally furrowed, 
the lateral areas finely transversely striate; tegmina very finely 
punctate, more strongly so on the darker areas ; posterior tibiae 
with a strong spine beyond middle. 

Length incl. tegm. 7 millim. 

Hab. Assam ; Shillong, The Peak {S. W. Kemp). 

3428. A'ufidus conterminus, sp. n. 

Head and anterior half of pronotuiii pale ochraceous, posterior- 
area of prouotum and the scutellum brownish ochraceous ; body 
beneath and legs ochraceous ; lateral areas of presternum, abdo- 
men beneath (excluding base) and a])ical areas ot posterior femora 
dark castaneous ; tegmuia pale ochraceous, claval, subclaval, and 
apical areas fuscous brown ; prouotum very finely punctate ; 
scutellum discally foveate ; face moderately, centrally, longitu- 
dinally furrowed, the lateral transverse striations distinch ; posterior 
tibiae with a strong spine beyond middle. 

Length incl. tegm. 5 millim. 

Hah. Assam — Bhutan Frontier. 

Genus PHYMATOSTETHA. (Vol. IV, p. 118.) 

PhYMATOSTETHA nORSIVITTA. (Vol. IV, p. 124.) 
Add : Hah. Kumaon ; Bhowali {Incl. Mus.). 

Phymatosti«:t]ia deschampsi. (Vol. TV, p. 128.) 

Add: Hab. Cochin State; Trichur {F. H. Gravehj). Nilgiri' 
Hills {H. L. Andrews). 

3429. Phymatostetha riifolimbata, Schmidt, Arch. f. Natnry. 76, 

p. 95 (I'JIO). 

Head, pronotum, and scutellum i)ale ochraceous ; a broad 
transverse fascia at base of head (enclosing the ocelli), basal 
angles, lateral margins, and apex of scutellum black ; abdomen 
above black with bluish-grey pilosity, which forms more or less- 
distinct transverse segmental spots ; body beneath black ; central 
disk of face, lateral margins of presternum, and coxae (more or 
less) ochraceous ; abdomen beneath covered with bluish-grey waxy 
pile ; legs black, femora and tibiae broadly streaked with ochra- 
ceous, posterior tibiae almost wholly ochraceous ; tegmina pale 
fuscous, costal and apical margins testaceous, the former more 
ochraceous near base, six ochraceous spots and the claval area 
largely of the same colour ; wings pale bronzy- brown, the extreme 
base sanguineous ; head with a faint central carination on front: 
and an oblique incised line on each side separating it from ver- 
tical angles ; scutellum distinctly centrally foveately depressed ;. 



20() APPENDIX. — CEKCOPID.i:. 

pronotuui impressed on each side near anterior mar£;in,the lateral 
irjargius moderately reflexed ; rostrum very slightly passing the 
intermediate coxae : face globose, distinctly transversely striate on 




Fig. 157. -I'hi/niato»fetha rufuliiahafa. 

each lateral area ; posterior tibia? with two long spines, one near 
base, the other beyond middle; teginina about three times as long 
.as broad. 

Length e.xcl. tegm., $ 19 ; exp. tegni. 42 millim. 

Uah. Burma; Karennee (/*'(?« — Genoa Mas.). 

..3430. Phymatostetha similis, Schnklt, Arch. f. XaUa-g. 76, p. 96 

(1010). 

Head, pronotum, and scutellum reddish ochraceous ; base of 
head between eyes, two spots near anterior margin of pronotum, 
narrow margins and apex of scutellum, black ; abdomen above 
glossy bluish black, the three terminal segments and anal append- 
age reddish ochraceous : body beneath and legs black ; face 
excluding apex and lateral margins of prosternum reddish ochra- 
ceous; base of rostrum pale fuscous ; tegmina reddish ochraceous, 
four black spots on costal area, the second united to the basal 
spot, the fourth smallest and rounded, two small dark spots 
near upper margin of claval area; wings pale bronzy, extreme 
base sanguineous ; head with a faint central incised line to front ; 
pronotum with the lateral margins moderately reflexed ; scutellum 
centrally depressed; face globose, the lateral ai-eas faintly, trans- 
versely striate, and centrally somewhat obsoletely longitudinally 
sulcate; rostrum reaching the intermediate coxae ; posterior tibiae 
with two strong spines, one near base, the other beyond middle ; 
tegmina about two and a half times as long as broad. 

Length excl. tegm., $ 18 ; exp. tegm. 46 millim. 

Huh. Burma; Karennee (F(?a — Genoa Mm.). 

Allied to P. hasidava, Walk. (vol. iv, p. 127). 

3431. Phymatostetha tseniata, Schmidt, Arch. f. Katurg. 76, p. 96 
(1910). 

Head, pronotum, and scutellum dull purplish black ; head with 
the front and anterior angles of vertex, anterior lateral margins 



COSMOSCAUTA. 207 

of pronotuin, and lateral margins of seutelluin more or less san- 
guineous ; two small spots at basal margin of head, ochraceous ; 
abdomen above shining bluish black ; body beneath and legs more 
■or less black, face and lateral margins of prosternuin sanguineous; 
tegmina dull purplish black, thickly, finely, palely pilose ; costal 
margin, interior claval margin, and two transverse fasciae (one 
before and the other beyond middle), sanguineous, apical margin 
ochraceous ; tegmina pale bronz}'^, extreme base sanguineous ; 
pronotuin finely, thickly granulosH ; rostrum reaching the inter- 
mediate coxae ; posterior tibia; with two strong spines, one near 
base, the other beyond middle ; tegmina about two and a half 
times as long as bi-oad. 

Length excl. tegm., 5 17; exp. tegin. 3S millim. 

Hah. Burma ; Ivarennee {Feci — Genoa Mus.). 

PnVMATOSTETHA STALL (Vol. IV, p. 119.) 

Phymatostetlia siibcostalis, Schmidt, Arch. f. Natiiry. 76, p. 98 

(lOlO). 
Phymatostetha stSli, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) xiv, p. 333 (1914). 

Add : Hal). Burma ; Kai'ennee {Pea). 

Genus COSMOSCARTA. (Vol. IV, p. 128.) 

Since I enumerated and described the species of Cosmoacaria 
belonging to tlie Indian fauna, employing that genus in its com- 
prehensive character as founded by Stal and used by other workers, 
Dv. Schmidt has subdivided Cosmoscarta into a number of new 
genera, and these have been adopted by Dr. Lallemand in his enume- 
ration of the Cercopidaj in Wytsman's ' Genera Insectorum.' I 
have now drawn attention to these and pointed out the species 
uhich would be involved in this new arrangement. 

Dr. Gestro, of the Genoa Museum, has greatly assisted me by 
kindly loaning the types of Dr. Schmidt's species for comparison. 

Cosmoscarta becisa. (Vol. IV, p. 130.) 

Add: Hah. Cocliin State; Kavalai, Parambikulam {F. H. 
Gravehj). 

Cosmoscarta egexs. (Vol. IV, p. 135, fig. 98.) 

Cosmoscarta iiinota, Schmidt, Arch.f. Xiiturg. 7(5, p. 72 (1910). 
Var. Cosmoscarta iiinoiiiinata, Schmidt, I. c. p. 7'>. 
Cosmoscarta egens, Dist. A. M. N. II. (8) xiv, p. 333 (1914). 

Add : Hah. Burma ; Karennee {Fea). 

■3432. Cosmoscarta chrysomelsena, Uutl. Cist. Ent. i, p. 255 (1874). 

Head (including face), pronotura, and prosternum blacii ; meso- 
and metasterua, legs and abdomen above and beneath orange- 



208 APPENDIX. — CEKCOPID.E. 

yellow ; abdomen beneath with the segments more or less 
transversely fasciated with black, usually on the lateral areas and 
connexivum ; tegmina black, basal area and a transverse fascia 
before apical area orange-yellow ; wings pale fuliginous, extreme 
base and costal margin orange-yellow ; head transversely impi'essed 
at about one-third from base, but not extending beyond a longi- 
tudinal impi'ession on each side of the ocelli ; pronotum with 
a central lougitudinal carination on its anterior half : mesonotura 
with two central tubercles between which the rostrum passes and 
reaches the intermediate coxse ; face globosely prominent, trans- 
versely striate and medially longitudinally impressed ; tegmina 
densely finely punctate, the reticulate veins on the apical area 
prominently raised; posterior tibiae with one strong spine beyond 
ijiiddle ; tarsal terminal joint sometimes but not invariably black. 

Length excl. tegm. 10 ; exp. tegm. 29-30 millim. 

Hah. Assam {Brit. Mus.). — Siam ; Laos {Mouhot — Brit. Mus.). 
China ; Shanghai {Fortune — Brit. Mus.). 

This species should be placed between C. heroina and C. mon- 
tana (vol. iv, pp. 129 & 130). 

3433. Cosmoscarta gravelyi, sp. n. 

Head, pronotum, and scutellum shining indigo-black; body 
beneath and legs testaceous brown : abdomen above testaceous 
brown with the segmental margins black ; tegmina ochraceous, 
costal and apical areas, the latter connected with a large quadrate 
spot extending from apical area of clavus to above middle of 
tegmen, and a basal streak on outer margin of clavus, fuscous 
brown ; pronotum centrally longitudinally ridged, and foveately 
impressed on each lateral area near base; face globose, laterally 
compressed, the lateral striations fine but distinct, the lateral 
margins distinctly and somewhat strongly reflexed ; posterior tibiae 
with a long spine beyond middle. 

Var. Tegmina with the ground-colour sanguineous, not ochra- 
ceous. 

Length excl. tegm. 9-11 : exp. tegm. 24-27 miilim. 

I/ah. Dawna Hills ; Thingannyinaung to Sukli {F. II. Gravehj). 

Cosmoscarta naiteaka. (Vol. lY, p. 142.) 

Add : Hab. Cochin State ; Forest Tramway, Parambikulam to 
Kavalai {F. II. Gravely). 

COJIOSCAETA liELATA. (Vol. IV, p. 143.) 

Add: Ildb. Coorg ; Pollibetta (7'. Buinhrigge Fletcher). 

3434. Cosmoscarta lunata, IHst. A. 31. N. H. (8) xiv, p. 327 (1914). 

Body, legs, and tegmina ochraceous, sometimes the abdomen 
above is a little darker and more testaceous ; wings very pale 
bronzy-brown ; the tegmina when closely examined have some 



COSMOSCAKTA. 209 

obsolete darker fasciate markings ; eyes blackish ; pronotum with 
two discal dark bipunctate markings a little before the anterior 
margin, a faint centra! longitudinal impressed line, the lateral 
margins moderately reflexed, a distinct oblique impression a little 
before each lateral angle ; face globose, centrally distinctly but 
shallowly longitudinally sulcate ; rostrum reaching the inter- 
mediate coxae ; posterior tibiae with a moderately long spine beyond 
middle and a sliort spine near base ; tegmina a little more than 
two and a half times longer than broad. 

Length excl. tegm. 10 ; exp. tegm. 26-29 millim. 

Hah. North India (Brit. Mus.). 

3435. Cosmoscarta diniota, Schmidt, Arch. f. Natunj. 7(5, p. 74 
(]910). 

Head bluish black ; pronotum ochraceous, with an anterior 
marginal fascia behind eyes and a broad central transverse fascia 
between the lateral angles bluish black; scutellum ochraceous, 
its apical area tinged with sanguineous ; abdomen above dull 
sanguineous, the segmental margins alternately paler and black ; 
body beneath black ; lateral margins of prosternum ochraceous ; 




Fig. 158. — Coifiniiscarta Jiiimfa. 

legs sano-uineous ; tegmina ochraceous, basal area of costal mem- 
brane, two large spots on basal area, three large spots a little 
beyond middle, and the apical area black ; wings very pale fuli- 
ginous ; vertex of head excavated on each side before eyes ; 
anterior lateral margins of pronotum a little reflexed : tegmina 
about two and a half times longer than broad. 

Length inch tegm., S 7; exp. tegm. 20 millim. 

Hah. Burma ; Karennee {Fea — Genoa Mm.). 

3436. Cosmoscarta discessa, Schmidt, Arch. f. Natury. 76, p. 75 
(1910). 

Head and pronotum fuscous brown, front of head and anterior 
lateral pronotal margins paler ociiraceous ; scutellum ochraceous; 
abdomen above sanguineous with transverse blackish segmental 
fasciae ; body beneath and legs dark ochraceous, abdomen beneath 

TOL. VI. ^ 



:210 APPENDIX. — CERCOPiD.i:. 

and connexivuni sanguineous spotted with black ; tegmina ochra- 
ceous with about six large black spots (one on costal margin near 
base, the others in two oblique series), the apical area fuscous 
brown, internally somewhat broken and maculate ; wings pale 
bronzy bi'own ; pronotum with an oblique discal linear impression 
on each side before the lateral angles; scutellnm with a central 
longitudinal ridge which bifurcates anteriorly towards the basal 
angles, posterior tibiae with a strong spine before apex and a 
shorter and more obscure spine near base; tegmina about two and 
a half times as long as broad. 

Length excl. tegm., 5 11 ; exp. tegni. 29 millim. 

Hah. Burma; Karennee (i^ew — Genoa 31 us.). 

Allied to C. dorsalis, Walk. (vol. iv, p.. 14(5). 

3437. CosmOSCarta OChraceicollis, Schmidt, Arch. f. Naturg. 76, p. 76 

(1910). 

Head f nscous, front with a pale lateral spot before eyes ; 
pronotum pale ochraceous, the posterior margin blackish; scu- 
tellnm blackish ; abdomen above and beneath black, connexivum 
spotted with ochraceous ; sternum and legs castaneous, tibife a 
little darker; tegmina pale fuscous brown, with about seven 
darker spots in two curved oblique series, the apical area also 
distinctly darker ; wings pale bronzy ; pronotum with a slender, 
straight, central longitudinal line; scutellum with a central ridge 
which anteriorly bifurcates towards the basal angles ; face dis- 
tinctly centrally depressed on basal area ; posterior tibite with a 
long spine beyond middle and a smaller obscure spine near base ; 
tegmina about two and a half times as long as broad. 

Length excl. tegm., S 9 ; exp. tegm. 24 millim. 

Hah. Burma; \\.M'e\\\\ee {Oenoa Mas.). 

3438. Cosmoscarta fumosa, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) xiv, p. 329 (1914). 

Head, pronotum, and scutellum pale castaneous, pronotum 
with two large black spots near anterior margin, ocelli pale 
ochraceous; abdomen above and beneath black, the posterior seg- 
mental margins pale castaneous; sternum black; lateral margins 
of prosternum, and legs pale fuscous ; face, rostrum, coxse, tro- 
chanters, bases of femora, and posterior tibiae pale castaneous, 
spines to posterior tibiae dark fuscous ; tegmina dark dull purplish 
red, apical area and about seven large spots black, the spots placed, 
one basal and two curved transverse series of three spots each ; 
wings vei'y pale fuliginous, the veins darker ; face globose, the 
central sulcation broad but not profound ; rostrum reaching the 
intermediate coxae ; tegmina not quite two and a half times as 
long as broad ; posterior tibise with a long prominent spine beyond 
middle and a short spine near base. 

Length excl. tegm. 13; exp. tegm. 32 millim. 

Hah. Darjiling (type Brit. Mas.); Sikhim, Eungpo (Lid. JIus.). 

Allied to C. ocJiraceicoUis, Schmidt. 



COSMOSCARTA. 211 

343!). Cosmoscarta assaniensis, Dixt. A. M. X H. (8) xiv, p. '528 

(li)14). 

Head, pronotutii, and scutelluin black ; a broad transverse 
fascia across anterior area of pronotuin and the basal ai*ea of 
the scutellum pale dull reddish ; abdomen above shining cas- 
taneous ; body beneath black ; rostrum and legs dull castaneous ; 
tegraiua dull blackish, base of costal membrane, basal area of 
clavus, an irreguhir transverse fascia near middle, and another 
much outwardly angnlated fascia before apical area, dull sangui- 
neous ; wings pale fuliginous, the extreme base sanguineous; 
scutellum distinctly depressed at base, transversely striate ; face 
globose, centi'al longitudinal sulcation broad but shallow; rostrum 
reaching the intermediate coxae ; tegmina a little less than two 
and a half times as long as broad ; posterior tibiae with a long 
robust spine beyond middle and a short spine near base. 

Length excl. tegin. ll! ; exp. tegm. 132 millim. 

Hah. Assam ; Ma'-gherita {Brit. Mus.). 

Allied to the Chinese species C. bimacula, AValk. 

3J^40. Cosmoscarta imrayi, Bist. A. M. N. H. (8) xiv, p. 328 (1914). 

Head, pronotum, and scutellum shining black ; lateral and 
posterior margins of pronotum and a transverse fascia before 
middle sanguineous, lateral margins and nearly apical half of 
scutellum sanguineous ; abdomen above blackish, with the seg- 
mental margins pale sanguineous ; body beneath shining black ; 
posterior half of face, greater part of prosternum, coxae, tro- 
chanters, and legs pale sanguineous, tarsi black ; tegmina dark 
shining ochraceous, apical area and six spots shining black, the 
spots in two transverse series of three each, the two largest on 
costal membrane, the smallest in middle of inner series ; wings 
^ery pale fuliginous ; face rather prominently longitudinally sul- 
cate; rostrum reaching the intermediate coxae; tegmina nearly 
two and a half times as long as broad; posterior tibiie with a 
moderately long spine beyond middle and a short spine near base. 

Lengtli excl. tegm 10 ; exp. tegm. 21 millim. 

Hab. Travancore ; Peermaad (ll. S. Tmnvj, Brit. Mus.). 

Allied to C./ora, Di^t. (vol. iv, p. 140). 

3441. Cosmoscarta nympha, Bist. A. M. X. H. (8) xiv, p. r,29 (1914). 

Head and scutellum black ; pronotum ochraceous, with an 
anterior fascia behind eyes and the posterior margin broadly 
black ; abdomen above shining black, the posterior segmental 
margins narrowlv dull ochraceous; body beneath black, legs some- 
what fuscous ; tegmina pale testaceous, apical area paler, more 
ochraceous, and there fuscous on the apical margin, beyond middle 
three fuscous spots in transverse series, the two uppermost small, 
the lowermost larger and somewhat lunate in shape; wings palely 

p2 



212 APPENDIX. — CEUCOPIDM. 

fuligiuous ; face with the central sulcation moderately well pro- 
noLiuced (especially near base, where it is broadest); rostrum 
reaching the intermediate cox^e ; tegmina less than two and a half 
times as long as broad ; posterior tibiae with a prominent long 
spine beyond middle, and a smaller but distinct spine near base. 

Length excl. tegm. 11 ; exp. tegm. 80 millim. 

Hah. Assam ; Khasi Hills (Chejinell, Brit. Mas.). 

Allied to C. dimidiata, Dall, (vol. iv, p. 136). 

3442. Cosmoscarta balteata, D/V. A. M. N.H. (8) xiv, p. 329 (1914). 

Head, pronotum, and scutellum shining black; pronotum with 
a broad, anterior, transverse, ocliraceous fascia : abdomen above 
and body beneath and legs black ; lateral margins of prosteruum 
ocliraceous ; tegmina black, two basal streaks (one in costal mem- 
brane, the other in clavus) and three small spots in somewhat 
transverse series beyond middle pale testaceous ; wings very pale 
fuliginous; face obsoletely centrally sulcata; rostrum reaching 
the intermediate coxae ; tegmina less than two and a half times 
as long as broad ; posterior tibiae with a strong spine beyond 
middle and a small spine near base. 

Length excl. tegm. 12 ; exp. tegm. 32 millim. 

Hah. tSikhim ; Dam Din {Brit. AIus.). 

3443. Cosmoscarta gracilis, Schmidt, Arch. f. Naturq. 76, p. 77 

(1910). 

Head and pronotum black, lateral and posterior margins of 
pronotum ochraceous ; scutellum bluish black, its apex ochraceous ; 
body beneath and legs ochraceous, central fascia to face black ; 
tegmina bright fuscous brown, apical area a little paler, base and 
basal costal margin ochraceous, a pale stramineous fascia crossing 
tegmen before middle and a costal spot of the same colour before 
apex ; basal pronotal margin a little concave before scutellum, 
which is foveately depressed on basal area; face much compressed ; 
rostrum reaching the intermediate coxae ; tegmina about two and 
a halt' times as long as broad. 

Length incl. tegm. 10 millim. 

Hah. Burma ; Ivarennee {Genoa Mvs.). 

3444. Cosmoscarta trifasciata, Schmidt, Arch. f. Natun/. 76, p. 78 

(1910). 

Head, pronotum, and scutellum bluish black ; abdomen above 
blackish ; body beneath bluish black, tibiae and tarsi more fuscous 
in hue ; tegmina dark fuscous with three transverse ochraceous 
fasciae, the broadest at base, second near middle, third beyond 
middle ; wings pale bronzy ; face globose ; pronotum with the 
anterior lateral margins distinctly reflexed ; scutellum distinctly 
foveate at base ; posterior tibiae with a prominent spine beyond; 



COSMOSCARTA. 213 

middle and a very short obscure spine near base ; tegmina about 
two and a bait' times as long as broad. 

Length exel. tegm., c? 7; exp. tegin. 22 millini. 

Hah. Sikhiin {Brit. Mus.). JiLirnia ; Kavennee (Genoa Mas.). 

3445. Cosmoscarta himalayana, T)ist. A. M. N. H. (8) xiv, p. -ISO 

(1914). 

J3ody above and beneath bluish black ; rostrum, coxae, tro- 
chanters, and femora sanguineous, tibise and. tarsi black ; tegmina 
black, a more or less transverse spot in bases of both costal mem- 
brane and elavus, and two waved transverse fasciae (one before, 
the other beyond middle) pale sanguineous ; wings pale fuli- 
ginous ; pronotum distinctly foveate on each side before anterior 
margin, the lateral margins distinctly reflexed ; rostrum only just 
reaching the intermediate coxae ; tegmina two and a half times as 
long as broad. 

Length excl. tegm. 9 ; exp. tegm. 2G millim. 

Hab. East Himalayas (Brit. Mus.). 

Allied to C. margherita^, Dist. (vol. iv, p. 134). 

3446. Cosmoscarta nigriventris, Schmidt, Arch. f. Xatm-ff. 7(i, p. 79 

(1910). 

Head ochraceous ; pronotum stramineous ; scutellum castane- 
ous, more or less palely pilose ; abdomen above black, posterior 
segmental margins and the anal segment more or less castaneous ; 
body beneath blackish ; face and anterior lateral margins of 
sternum pale ochraceous ; legs brownish ochraceous, apices of the 
tarsi black ; tegmina pale testaceous, apical area paler with the 
venation testaceous, two black spots in claval area and three or 
four similar spots outside it, one central, the remaining spots 
subapical ; wings fuliginous ; pronotum with a central longitu- 
dinal carinate line ; tegmina about two and a half times as long as 
broad; rostrum reaching the intermediate cox;i> ; posterior tibia? 
with a very prominent spine a little beyond middle. 

Length inch tegm. 14 millim. 

Hub. Burma; Karennee ( i'Va — Genoa Mas.). 

Allied to C.fictUis, Butl. (vol. iv, p. 148). 



3447. Cosmoscarta pegliensis. Schmidt, Arch. f. JS'atnry. 76, p. 80 
(191(1). 

Head blackish, the anterior margin from front of eyes ochra- 
ceous ; pronotum ochraceous, with two large black discal spots, 
united anteriorly ; scutellum ochraceous, its apex black: abdomen 
above dark ochraceous, its basal area somewhat blackish ; body 
benea^h and legs ochraceous, some dark lateral sternal spots, 
apices of tarsi black ; tegmina ochraceous, the apical area and 



214 APPENDIX. — CEUCOPlU.i:. 

two transverse fasciae — oue uear base and slightly broken, the 
other beyond middle — black; wings slightly fuscous, darker at 
base; pronotum with a very faint central longitudinal carinate 
line ; tegmina about two and a half times longer than broad ; 
posterior tibise with a prominent spine beyond middle. 

Length excl. tegm. 9 ; exp. tegm. 22 millim. 

Hah. Pegu ; Palon {Feci — Genoa Mvs.). 

3448. Cosmoscaita brevis, Schuidt, Arch. f. Xaturt/. 76, p. 81 (1010). 

Head, pronotum, and scutellum indigo-blue ; abdomen above 
blackish, the basal area broadly ochraceous ; head beneath and 
sternum bluish black; legs and abdomen beneath ochraceous; 
tegmina dark fuscous, a large whitish costal spot beyond middle ; 
wings greyish white with the veins darker ; pronotum witli a 
distinct central longitudinal carinate line; scutellum with the 
disk strongly excavate ; tegmina little more than twice as long as 
broad. 

Length excl. tegm. 7 ; exp. tegm. 10 millim. 

Ilab. Pegu ; Palon (Fca — Genoa Mvs.). 

A small species allied to C. shilhni/ana, Dist. (vol. iv, p. 133). 

COSMOSCARTA AFFINIS. (Yo!. lY, p. 154.) 

Far. Tegmina with a prominent irregularly-shaped black spot 
on disk beyond middle, a small and indistinct linear spot near 
apex of clavus and a similar spot near base, black. 

Bah. Ceylon ; Eatnapura {2\ Bainbrigr/e Fletclier), 

3449. Cosmoscarta prompta. 

Cosmoscarta prompta, Schmidt, Arch. f. Naturq. 76, p. 7'2 (1910) ; 
Lallem. Gen. Insect. Fa^c. 143, p. 13i>, ii. ol (1912). 

Hah. Burma. 

As this specits is contained in the Stettin ]\[nseum, I have no 
opportunity at present of seeing it, or having anything compared 
with it. I can therefore only draw attention to its description. 

Genus GYNOPYGOLAX. 

Gvnopvgolax, Schmidt, Stctt. Ent. Zcit. 7U, p. 147 (1909) ; Lalkm. 

' Gen'. Insect. Fasc. 143, pp. 77 & 127 (1912). 
Cosmoscarta (Yol. lY, p. 128), part. 

Type, G. proserjnn:!, White, from the Philippines. 

Distrihutioii. Burma and Malayan Eegion. 

Dr. Lallemand, in his 'Table des Genres' separates this genus 
from Cosmoscarta by the followii)g characters : — " Ecusson grand 
a disque, creuse en fosette ; protuberance du mesosternum fortes; 
median et cubitus moins divergents." Only one species is at 
present enumerated in this fauna, and it is here described and 
figured. 



OPISTAHSOSTETIIUS. 215 

34o0. Gynopygolax nigriscutellata, Schmidt, Arch. f. Nafurr/. 76, 
]). .j;;(i91()). 

Head, prnnotuin, iuid tegmina testaceous red ; scutellum, two 
basal spots, and a more or less broken transverse fascia to tegmina 
(near middle) black, apical area of tegmen fuscous brown, its 
apical margin paler ; body beneath black ; face, clypeus, lateral 




Fig. 159, — Crynopi/guld.r niyriscuicllatcc. 

margins of prosternum, rostrum, coxa) and legs, and apical area- 
of abdomen testaceous red ; bead with two impressions near 
base ; anterior lateral margins of pronotum moderately reflexed ;. 
tegmina about two and a half times as long as broad. 

Length inch tegiii. '21 to 22 millim. 

Hah. Burma ; Karen nee {^Fea — Genoa Mus.). 

Genus HOMALOSTETHUS. 

Homalostethus, Schmidt, Stett. Ent. Zeit. 72, p. 52 (1911); L(dlem.. 

Gen. Insect. Fasc. 14o, pp. 78 & 138 (1912). 
Cosiiioscarta (Vol. IV, p. 128), part. 

Type, H. terpsichore, Stal, from the Papuan Eegion. 

Distribution. Ceylon and Malayan Archipelago. 

This genus appears to be separated from Gynoj)y(jol.ax by the 
character of " mesosternum sans protuberance, son bord auterieur 
en forme de pli." 

One species is included from our fauna : — 

COSMOSCAETA TENKAKTl. (Vol. IV, p. 145, fig. 103.) 

Genus OPISTARSOSTETHUS. 

Oijistar.-ostethus, Schmidt, Stett. Ent. Zeit. 72, p. 55 (1911); 

Lallem. Gen. Insect. Fasc. 143, p. 143 (1912). 
Opistarso-stethus, Lallem. Gen. Insect. Fasc. 143, p. 78 (1912). 
Cosuioscarta (Vol. IV, p. 128), part. 

Type, 0. odojnmcfaiiis. A. & S., from Java. 

Distribution. Brit. India, jNIalay Peninsula, Malayan Archipelago. 

Dr. Lallemand gives the following salient characters for the 

genus: — " Eostre atteignant a peine le bord anterieur du meso- 



216 APPENDIX. — CERCOPID.B. 

sternum ses deux articles etant d'inegale longueur ; bord posterieur 
du pronotmn droit ; elytre.s ayaut le median et le cubitus plus 
divergents vers le apical." 

Oue species is included from our fauna : — 

COSMOSCARTA MENACA. (Yol. IV, p. 149.) 

There should also be included 

COSMOSCARTA XIGROFASCIATA. (Vol. IV, p. 141.) 

Genus SIMELIRIA. 

Simelivia, Schmidt, Stett. Ent. Zeit. 70, p. 285 (1909) ; LaUem. lien. 

Insect. Fasc. 143, pp. 78 & 145 (1912;. 
Cosmoscarta (Vol. IV, p. 128), part. 

Type, S. viridans, Guer. 

Distribution. Brit. India, Cambodia, Malay Peninsula, Malayan 
Archipelago, and Nias Islands. 

Dr. Lallemand in his ' Table des Genres ' gives the following 
clue to SimeUria: — "Bord anterieur du mesosternum saillant, 
quelquefois foliace, protuberances du mesosternum non conique. 
Kostre n'atteignaut pas les handles mediaues." 

The following species is included from our fauna : — 

CoSMOSCARTA VIRIDANS. (Vol. IV, p. 155.) 

Genus SURACARTA. 

Suracarta, Sch»u'dt, Stett. Ent. Zeit. 70, p. 1C6 (1909) : Lallein. Gen. 

Insect. Fasc. 143, pp. 78 & 147 (1912). 
Cosmoscarta (Vol. IV, p. 128), part. 

Type, S. tricolor, St. Farg. & Serv. 

Distribution. Tenasserim, Malay Peninsula, Malayan Archi- 
pelago. 

Separated by Dr. Lallemand from the following genus Lepta- 
taspis by having the " Boi'd anterieur du pronotum non foliace, 
portant deux protuberances." 

Two species are included from our fauna :— 

Cosmoscarta tricolor. (Vol. IV, p. 150, fig. 105.) 
Cosmoscarta basixotata. (Vol. IV, p. 151.) 

Genus LEPTATASPIS. 

Leptataspis, Sckinidt, Stett. Ent. Zeit. 72, p. 81 (1911) ; Lalleni. Gen. 

Insect, pp. 78 & 149 (1912). 
Cosmoscarta (Vol. IV, p. 128), part. 

Type, L. siamensis, Butl. 



JASSIU.1-:. 217 

DistriJmtion. Brit. India, Malay Peninsula, Malayan Arclii- 
pelago. 

Allied to the preceding genus Suracarta, from which Dr. Lalle- 
mand states it diiiers by the following characters : — " Bord 
anterieur du pronotum foliace, sans protuberance." 

34.51. Leptataspis pirollei, Lallon. (icn. Insect. Fa?c. 143, p. lol, 
pi. 7, f.4(l!»li^j. 

Head, pronotum, scutellmn, and teginina brilliant black ; the 
posterior niargnis of the pronotum and basal margins of tegmina 
are brownish ochraceous ; body beneath black, the segmental 
margins brownish ochraceous ; legs brownish ochraceous ; pos- 
terior tibiae with a stroiig s\m\e beyond the middle. 

Length 14 millim. 

Hah. Mahe. 

I only know this species by the description and figure of the 
describer. 

The following species are included in our fauna : — 

COSMOSCAETA INCLUSA. (Vol. IV, p. 140.) 
COSMOSCAKTA EOTUNDATA. (Vol. IV, p. 144.) 

Leptataspis plagiventris, Schmidt, Arch.f. Nalitry. 70, p. 60 (1910). 
Add: Hah. Burma; Karennee (Fert). 

COSMUSCARTA SIAMENSIS. (Vol. IV, p. 151.) 
COSMOSCARTA FrLVICEPS. (Vol. IV, p. 152.) 
COSMOSCARTA MOOREI. (Vol. IV, p. 152.) 
COSMOSCARTA FUSCIPENNJS. (Vol. IV, p. 153.) 
COSMOSCARTA LEONIXA. (Vol. IV, p. 153.) 
COSMOSCARTA MASOXI. (Vol. IV, p. 156.) 



Family JASSID.'E. (Vol. IV. p. l-"^7.) 
Subfamily LEDRIN/E. (Vol. IV, p. 15S.) 

Genus PETALOCEPHALA. (Vol. IV, p. 162.) 

The late Mr. Kirkaldy (liep. Exp. Stat. Haw. Plant. Assoc. 
Bull, iii, p. 25 (1907)) stated that I had "overlooked the fact 
that Petalocephala is a synonym of Camptelasmus." This state- 
ment is, however, untenable, as I have previously explained 
(Ann. Ent. Soc. Belg. 1908, p. 98), and requires a reply here. 



218 APPENDIX. — jassid.t:. 




genus PeUdocephaJa^ writes "ocelli versus basin verticis positi, 
ab oculis quam inter se longius remoti." He certainly also states: 
" G-enus Camptelasnms, Spin., Petaloceplialce affine videtur," but, 
in 1870 (Ofv. Vet.-Ak. Forh. p. 732), he used his genus Petalo- 
cephda, as he had every reason to do, a course which I have 
followed here and elsewliere. 

Petalocepiiala coxica. (A'ol. IV, p. 164.) 

This species has been taken by Mr. T. Bainbrigge Fletcher at 
Peradeuiya, Ceylon, on the bamboo, Dendrocalamus [/iganteus;. 

Petalocephala u^'iformis. (Vol. IV, p. 165.) 

Add: Rab. South India ; Chikkaballapura (T. V. OamjdieU) ; 
Coimbatore, 8. Cauara, Puttur and Shevaroy Hills (Pusa Coll.). 

Petalocephala latifroxs. (Vol. lY, p. 166.) 
Add: Ilab. Ceylon; Xuwara Eliya (&r6'eH). 

3-152. Petalocephala cephalotes, sp. n. 

Virescent ; body beneath and legs more ochraceous ; Aertex of 
head about ;is long as breadth between eyes, longer than pronotum, 
but not convexly narrowing till near middle, thickly finely punc- 
tate, two oblique series of granules commencing at apex and not 
continued beyond middle; pronotum thickly finely punctate; 
scutellum finely ])unctate, the apical area depressed, striate, and 
paler in coloration ; tegmiua finely punctate, more coarsely so in 
the claval area, two minute black spots at claval apices and two 
similar spots on tegminal suture near middle; posterior tibiae 
prominently dentate. 

Length inch tegm. 10| millim. 

Hah. Nilgiri Hills ; Coonoor(2'. V. Camphell). 

A species to be recognized by the broailly shaped head. 

3453. Petalocephala signata, sp. n. 

Head, pronotum, and scutellum virescent ; vertex of head with 
a large central oblong black spot, almost reaching base ; body 
beneath pale virescent or ochraceous, face with a large central 
black spot ; tegmina virescent or ochraceous, claval area — more or 
less — a somewhat broken oblique fascia crossing middle, and the 
inner margin castaneous ; legs virescent or ochraceous ; vertex of 
head about as long as breadth between eyes, the lateral margins 



PETALOCEPIIAI/A. 



2m 



nearly straight for about half their IcDgth and then obliquely 
narrowed to apex, strongly centrally carinate ; pronotuiu tiuely 





Fig. 160. — ■Pcif(/ocep//ala sitjiiata. 

transversely wrinkled and centrally longitudinally impre.ssed ;. 
scutelluin transver.sely impressed before apex. 

Length 8-9 mi Him. 

Huh. South India; Kodaikanal (T. V. C'amphell). 

3454. Petalocephala bombayensis, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) x, p. 441 

(1912). 

Head, pronotum, scutellum, body beneath, and legs very pale 
virescent or greenish ochraceous ; tegmina subiiyaline, talc-like, 
the clavus and basal third of costal area pale virescent or greenish 
ochraceous, inner area of clavus more or less castaneous ; lateral 
margins of vertex and pronotum and a small central spot on 
anterior and posterior margins of pronotum castaneoiis; vertex 
about as long as bi-eadth between eyes, lateral margiiis almost 
straight for a little before eyes and then subaugidarly rounded to 
apex, centrally medially carinate ; pronotum centrally finely longi- 
tudinally impressed, more or less distinctly transversely wrinkled; 
face strongly flattened from in front of eyes to anterior margin ; 
posterior tibiae outwardly strongly spiuose. 

Length, § , 9 millim. 

Hah. Bombay {Brit. Mus.). Nilgiri Hills {Sir F. Hampson).. 
South India; Mysore State and Chikkabailapura {T. V. Camphell). 
Ceylon; Kandy {H. E. Green). Burma; Buby Mines {Doherty). 

In general coloration allied to 1\ nvjrilinea, Walk., but differ- 
ing in the larger vertex of head, which is about as long as breadth 
between eyes. 

Since I described this species under the above name, I have 
received it from a number of different localities. It was only 
known to me previously from Bombay. 

ti455. Petalocephala granulosa, Di!<t. Enftunohcjisf, 1910, p, 196. 

Pale virescent ; vertex shorter than breadth between eyes,, 
finely punctate, , centrally lou<;itudinally finely subcarinate, the 



220 APPENDIX. — JASSID.E. 

lateral margins oblique from a little in front of eyes, and narrow- 
ing to apex, which is subacute ; eves brownish ; pronotum with 
the basal area a little darker in hue, where it is finely grauulose, 
the lateral and anterior margins distinctly narrowly darker, the 
posterior margin strongly concave before scutellum, which is 
somewhat tliickly finely punctate ; clavus thickly punctate, and 
with a few fine granules ; tegmiua subhyaline, thickly finely 
punctate, the apical margin narrowly black, inwardly narrowly 
longly dentate ; body beneath and legs virescent. 

Length inch tegm. 8 millim. 

Hah. Bengal ; Pusa (//. MaxweU-Lefroy). Nilgiri Hills, Oota- 
camund (T. V. CampheU). South India; Chikkaballapura and 
Salem {T. V. Campbell). 

Most neai'ly allied to P. homhayensis, Dist. 

Prof. Maxwell-Lefroy, in forwarding specimens of this species, 
informed me that "we have reared this from nymphs which are 
fixed to mango leaf, very tightly pressed down on to it so as to be 
very difficult to see ; they are more or less transparent, and sit 
motionless, very much as a scale insect does. They are not 
commoc." 

3456. Petalocephala bainbriggei, sp. n. 

Pale virescent ; body beneath and legs more ochraceous, apices 
of tibiae and tarsi more or less opaline-green ; vertex of head 
shorter than breadth between eyes, finely punctate, centrally ob- 
scurely longitudinally cariuate, the lateral margins almost straight 
in front of eyes and then broadly oblicjuely rounded to apex : 
pronotum moderately convex, finely punctate and transversely 
wrinkled, the posterior laternl angles rounded, the base concave; 
scutellum closely rather coarsely punctate, the apical area trans- 
versely striate ; tegmina subliyaline, the claval and subclaval areas 
more opaque and virescent, the claval area thickly coarsely punc- 
tate, and somewhat at right angles with the rest of the tegmina. 

Length inch tegm. 9 milliu). 

Hah. South India ; Coimbatore {T. Bainbriyge Fletcher), 

Allied to the preceding species, P. granulosa, from which 
it differs by its larger size, more oblique lateral margins of 
the vertex, the non-granulated clavus, different colour and 
markings, &c. 

Genus LEDRA. (Vol. YV, p. 171.) 

3457. Ledra qxiadricarina, Walk. List Horn. Suppl. p. 249 (1858). 

Brownish ochraceous, body beneath and legs paler and more 
ochraceous ; vertex of head nearly twice as broad at base as 
central length, broadly obliquely convex, centrally longitu- 
dinally ridged, the anterior area darkly tuberculous ; face pale 
ochraceous, more or less blackened anteriorly ; pronotum with the 
disk gibbous, a prominent central longitudinal ridge on each side. 



LEDROPSIS. 221 

between which are two much less raised and straighter ridges, the 
base strongly concave, the lateral areas oblique, punctate; s(Mitel- 
lum slightly foveate ; tegmina with a more or less distinct broad 
paler fascia occupying the basal area, the claval area distinctly 
tuberculate, the apical area paler in hue but with the veins darker ; 
posterior tibiie a little ainpliated and broadly sulcate beneath. 

Length inch tegm. 14-14.i millim. 

Hah. Bengal, (JukXcntin {Atkinson Coll.); S. Canara, Puttur and 
Grodavari Distr., Podagatlapallee (Pasa Coll.). — China ; Hong 
Kong (Boivring, Brit. Mus.). 

LedEA IJfTBEMEDIA. (Vol. IV, p. 172.) 

Add : Hah. Ceylon ; Maskeliya {T. Bainbrigge Fletcher, Brit. 
Mus.). 

Lediia mutica, (Vol. IV, p. 173.) 

Add: Hah. South India ; Coimbatore (j''. Bainbrigge Fletcher). 

Ledra bilatata. (Vol. IV, p. 174.) 

Add : Hah. Near Calcutta, Sibpur Botanical Gardens {Mrs. 
Everett). Calcutta {Incl. Mas.), Podagatlapallee ; Godavari 
Distr. {Pasa Coll.). 

Genus CONFUCIUS. (Vol. IV, p. 178.) 

CONFITCIUS BITUBBRCULATUS, (Vol. IV, p. 179.) 

Add: Hah. South India ; Coirabatore (7'. Bainbrigge Fletcher). 

Genus LEDROPSIS. (Vol. IV, p. 180.) 

3458. Ledropsis lutescens, .sp. n. 

Head, pronotum, scutellum, aud tegmina pale umber-brown, 
tegmina with some small scattered greyish-white spots ; body 
beneath and legs more or less pale ochraceous, the tibiae distinctly 
darker in coloration, anterior area of face mottled with testaceous ; 
vertex of head longer than the breadth between eyes, slightly 
upturned towards apex which is obtusely acute, the lateral 
margins oblique, the surface irregularly subrugulose and finely 
punctate; pronotum with the lateral margins slightly coucave, 
the basal margin distinctly angularly concave, finely punctured 
and wrinkled; tegmina thickly and somewhat coarsely punctate 
on the claval area. 

Length incl. tegm. 15 millim. 

Hah. South India; Coimbatore {T. Bainbrigge Fletcher). 



.222 



APPENDIX. — JASSID^. 



-3459, Ledropsis angulai-is, sp. n. 

Head, proiiotum, and sciitellum testaceous brown, apical area 
of head paler, posterior margin of pronotuni virescent, the extreme 
basal lateral apices black ; body beneath and legs gre3nsh, tlie tibiae 
moi-e or less mottled with testaceous ; tegmina greyish white, the 
veins darker; vertex of head about one-third longer than space 
1 etween eyes, its apex obtusely angulate, laterally oblique, 




Fig. 1(')1. — Ledropsis (iiigidaris. 

•centrallv longitudinally ridged, the whole surface more or less 
tuberculate ; pronotum with the anterior and posterior margins 
subtruncate, the posterior marginal area and the posterior lateral 
-•angles subprominent, the whole surface obscurely finely punctate; 
scutellum with its lateral margins ridged, its apex prominent ; 
:body beneath obscurely seen in unique carded specimen. 

Length inch tegm, 14 millim. 

Hah. South India; Chikkaballapura {T. V. Campbell). 

Ledropsis obijIGEns. (Vol. IV, p. 180.) 

Add : Hab. Ceylon (/. C Fri/er). Singapore (//. JW Ridley). 

Ledeopsis singalensis. 

Ledropsis niaculata, Dist. vol. iv, p. 181 (nom. prseocc). 
Ledropsis singalensis, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) x, p. 446 (1912), ii. nom. 

Add: Hab. South India; Coimbatore (2'. Bainhrigge Fletclier). 



Genus LEDROTYPA. 
Ledrotypa, Dlst. A. M. N. H. (S) x, p. 442 (1912). 

Type, L. spatidata, Dist. 

Distribution. British India, 

Vertex of head flat, the margins moderately laminately reflexed, 
about as long as pronotum and scutellum together, the anterior 
margin broadly rounded, the lateral margins slightly sinuate 



LEDKOTYPA. 



223 



before eyes, ocelli near base, nearer to eyes than to each other, 
eyes posteriorly elongate ; face concave, moderately convex on tlie 
apical area; pronotum short, deilected from base, scarcely longer 
than scutellum, distinctly foveate before each lateral niarjjin, 
anterior margin centrally truncate, posterior margin angularly 
concave before base of scutellum ; scutellum broader than long, 
posteriorly deflected from base, the apex acute ; tegmina with the 
veins prominent ; posterior tibia) four-cornered, curved, armed 
with numerous spines, tlie outer edge slightly expanded, and 
strongly spinous. 

3460. Ledrotypa spatulata, Dist, A. M. N. H. (8) x. p. 442 (1912), 

5 . Somewhat uniformly dull ochraceous ; a short black fascia 
between and outside the anterior and interuiediate coxae ; vertex 
of head very finely and obscurely punctate, its posterior margin 
levigate ; pronotum with the disk very finely transversely striate, 
foveate on each side a little behind anterior margin, very obscurely 




Fig. 1()'2. — Ledrotypa fputulata. 

centrally longitudinally impressed ; scutellum with a transverse 
impressed line before apex ; posterior tibiae a little curved, u ith 
numerous somewhat remote fine spines on outer margiu. 

Length inch tegm. 11 millim. 

Hah. "Himalayas"' {Brit. 3Ius.) ; Bhogaon, Purneah Distr,. 
]S^. Bengal (Paiva, Ind. and Brit. Muss.). 



34G1. Ledrotypa cultrata, Walk. (Ledra) List Ilom. iv,p. 1159 (1851); 
Stal (Selenocepbalus), Ofv. Vet.-Ak. Fork. 1862, p. 494 ; 
Atkins, (part.) J. A. S. B. liv, p. 10« (1885). 
Ledra culohata, Walk. List Horn, iii, p. 827 (1851). 

Closely allied to the preceding species, L. spatulata, from which 
it differs by the shape of the vertex of the head whi<-.h is ante- 
riorly much more angularly rounded, and on anterior half has 
two longitudinal impressions as though defiiiing a central lobe; 
the abdomen above is marked with five longitudinal piceoua 
fasciae, one central and two on each lateral area ; apices of femora 



224 APPENDIX. — JASSID.E. 

more or less anniilated with black ; posterior legs streaked above 
with piceous. 

Length excl. tegra. 10; exp. tegni. 16 millim. 

Hab. " E. India " {Brit. Mas.). 

Walker originally described the species under the name of 
culohata (supra), which he subsequently (supra) corrected to 
cidtrata, the first being probably a misprint. 



3462. Ledrotypa greeni, Dist. A. yz. N. H. (8) x, p. 442 (1912). 

Body and legs brownish ochraceous ; (abdomen mutilated); 
tegmina pale ochraceous, the veins darker and with piceous mark- 
ino-s which consist of two long subcostal linear streaks, four 
similar streaks (three short and one long) on subapical area, the 
lowermost streak followed by one or two small rounded piceous 
spots ; vertex of head very finely and obscurely punctate, the apex 
a little more augulate than in the preceding species, traversed by 
two central longitudinal somewhat obscure impressions ; pronotum 
very obscurely transversely striate ; tegmina with the veins sub- 
prominent ; wings hyaline, with the veins ochraceous. 

Length incl. tegm. 11 millim 

Hah. Ceylon (Green). 

This description is based on a somewhat mutilated specimen 
sent to me by Mr. Green. It is to be readily separated from 
L. spatidata by the less concavely sinuate lateral margins of the 
vertex and by the piceous markings of the tegmina. 



Genus COLUMBANUS, nov. 

Tvpe, C. misraaus, Dist. 

Distribution. Bengal. 

Vertex of head as long as breadth between eyes, its apex con- 
vexly truncate, the disk before eyes distinctly subfoveately 
depressed ; face a little raised, broadly centrally longitudinally 
sulcate ; pronotum shorter than head, its anterior margin trun- 
cate, posterior margin very slightly concave, the lateral margins 
straight ; scutellum short<-r than pronotum, triangular ; tegmina 
just covering the apex of the anal append:ige ( $ ), the veins longi- 
tudinal, a few transverse veins beyond middle; all the tibiae 
finely serrate, the posterior tibiae more spiaously so. 

The broadly sulcate face is a strongly characteristic feature of 
this genus. 



3463. Columbanus misranus, sp. n. 

Brownish ochraceous ; anterior margins of vertex and face pale 
ochraceous ; vertex with a dark submarginal lunate fascia ; pro- 
notum finely transversely striate, two transverse callosities near 



DAIMACnUS. 



225 



the antei-ior margin; other structural characters as in generic 
diagnosis. 

Length inch tegm. 10 millim. 




Fig. 163. — C'ohiiiihainis misranus. 

Hah. Bengal; Pusa (C. S. Misra). 

Mr. Misra iiound this interesting insect " on ^rass." 



Genus DAIMACHUS, nov. 

Type, D. exemplificatus, Dist. 

Distribution. South India. 

Vertex of head at base twice as broad as long, anteriorly sub- 
truncate, the lateral margins a little oblique, base subtruncate ; 
front (including face) about as broad as long, face moderately con- 
vex, ocelli a little nearer to eyes than to each other ; pronotum 
about twice as broad as long, anterior and lateral margins sub- 
truncate, posterior margin very slightly concave, behind eyes the 
lateral margins subangulate ; scutellum triangular, at base twice 
as broad as long ; tegmiiia passing apex of abdomen where they 
are attenuated ; posterior tibije moderately widened, four-cornered, 
outer edge neither expanded nor foliaceous, outwardly closelv 
finely spinose. 



3464. Daimachus exemplificatus. 

Vertex of head, pronotum and scutellum dull, dark ochraceous, 
two discal longitudinal fasciae to vertex, and two central spots to 
pronotum dark brown ; scutellum with a pale central longitudinal 
fascia ; tegmina pale brownish, the veins more or less spotted 
with fuscous ; legs pale brownish ; abdomen beneath concealed in 
unique carded type ; bead, pronotum and scutellum more or less 
coarsely darkly punctate, more distinctly and coarsely on anterior 

VOL. VI. Q 



226 



APPENDIX. — JASSID.i:. 



and lateral areas of pronotum, the latter foveately impressed ; 
face finely granulate ; other structural characters as in generic 
diagnosis. 




/ ^^^ \ 



Fig. 164. — Daimadnis c.veinplijicatug. 



Length 4 millim. 

Hah. South India ; Nandidrug (T. V. Campbell). 



Subfmily BYTHOSCOPIN.E. (Vol. IV, p. 183.) 

Genus IDIOCERUS. (Vol. IV, p. 184.) 

3465. Idiocerus maculatus, Jjist. A. M. N. H. (8) x, p. 605 (1912). 

Head, pronotum, and scutellum ochraceous, head and pronotum 
more or less suffused with dull greyish, scutellum with three large 
triangular black spots at base and four very small black spots on 
■disk ; body beneath and legs ochraceous ; tegmina subhyaline, 




Fig. 165. — Idiocerux iiiacclat/is. 

costal margin ochraceous, venation black, an elongate inwardly 
curved black spot near middle of costal margin, and the apical 
margin also black ; a spot at base of face, another near apex of 



R.vDir \i)i;s. 227 

«lypeus, and apices of posterior tibitc, black ; ocelli nearer to eyes 
than to each other ; front (inchidiiig face) about as long as broad ; 
vertex of head between eyes about three times as bi'oad as long; 
scntellum about as long as head and ]ironotuni together; posterior 
tibite with small brown spots and finely spinulose. 

Length inch tegm. 5 millim. 

Hah. Brit. India ; Orissa, Gopuda Island, Lake Chilka {lad. 
Jfm.). 

Idiocerus niveosparsus. (Vol. I\^ p. 185.) 

Add: Hah. Soutli India; Chikkaljallapura ( 7'. V. Campbell). 

Idiocerus clypealis. (Vol. IV, p, 187.) 

Add: Hah. South India ; Chikkaballapura (2'. V. CampheU). 

Genus BYTHOSCOPUS. (Vol. IV, p. 190.) 

Eythoscopus ixdicl's to replace B. chluro/ihaua. (Vol. IV, 
p. 191.) 

Macropsis iiidica, Lefh. (vol. iv, p. 199). 

Bytlioscopus clilorophaiia, Melich. (vol. iv, u. 191 ) ; id. Notes Leyden 
Mus. xxxvi, p. 1-21 (1914). 

In enumerating the Macropsis indica, Leth., I stated that I had 
not seen the species, and that it probably belonged to the genus 
Bytlioscopus. Melichar {supra l9l4) has now united the two 
species, but Lethierry's name must take precedence. 

Add ; Hah. South India ; Kodaikanal and Nilgiri Hills ; Love- 
dale {T. V. Campbell). — Seychelle Islds. ; Silhoutte. 

34G6. Eythoscopus magnus, sp. n. 

Closely allied to B. indicas, Leth., but a larger and more 
elongate species ; virescent, the inner tegminal margin beyond 
claval apex very distinctly brownish ochraceous, the face pro- 
portionally narrower and more convex, the vertex of head broader 
and a little narrower; scutelhim apically more acutely produced. 

Length Gi to 7| millim. 

Hah. Soufh India : Kodaikanal and Nilgiri Hills {T. V. Camp'hell). 
Mysore State. 

Genus RADHADES. 

Radhades, Dist. A. M. N. H. {6} x, p. GOG (1U12). 

Type, R. crassus, Dist. 
Distribution. Tenasserim. 

A'ertex of head short and broad, as seen above about five times 
as broad as long, on each side obliquely directed backward to eves ; 

q2 



228 



APPENDIX. — JASSID.i;. 



ocelli beneath between the eyes, nearer to eyes than to each other, 
front (inchiding face) short and broad, considerably broader than 
long, the face moderately convex ; pronotum at base about twice 
as broad as long, moderately gibbous, anterior margin rounded, 
basal margin somewhat strongly sinuate before scutellum, which 
is a little shorter than broad, distinctly shorter than pronotum, 
transversely impressed before apex, which is subacute ; tegmina 
hyaline, five apical and three subapical cells : costal membrane 
broad, claval vein rounded ; posterior tibife somewhat slender, 
finely spinulose. 

A genus which ma}^ be placed near Bijthoscopus by the short 
and broad front (including face) ; the ocelli are nearer base of 
face, the vertex of head is obliquely deflected to eyes, and the 
pronotum profoundly sinuate at base. 

3467. Eadhades crassus, Dist. A. M. N. R. (S) x, p. 606 (1912). 

Head, pronotum, and scutellum pale fuscous brown ; scutellum 
with a black spot at each basal angle, the lateral margins ochra- 
ceous, widened before apex ; abdomen above pale fuscous brown, 
posterior segmental margins oehraceous, the apical segment nearly 




Fig. 166. — Ihidhades crassits. 

wholly oehraceous ; body beneath and legs pale oehraceous, tibise- 
black ; head, face, and pronotum thickly coarsely punctate, scu- 
tellum more finely punctate; tegmina with the basal and claval 
areas semiopaque, oehraceous, and obscurely finely granulate ;, 
other structural characters as in generic diagnosis. 

Length inch tegm. 5 millim. 

Hah. Tenasserim Valley ; Myitta {Doherty, Brit. Mus.). 



Genus AGALLIA. (Vol. IV, p. 194.) 

3468. Agallia rugosa, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) x, p. 607 (1912). 

Head, pronotum, and scutellum oehraceous mottled with fuscous,, 
the head as seen above less darkly so ; scutellum with a reverseti 
triangular black spot near each basal angle and with a smaller 



AGAI.LTA. 



229 



dark basal spot between them : froiit and face paler, witli a small 
black sput near the insertioii of the antennae ; body beneath 
piceous or black ; legs ochraeeous ; tegniina with the clavus 
brownish ochraeeous, its outer margin broadiv pale ochraeeous, 
beyond the claval area the colour is blackish, witli the costal 




Fig. 167. — AuaUiu rii(jo.<ct. 

margin gradually widening to and including the apical area 
ochraeeous; pronotutn, scutellum, and claval area of tegmina 
finely granulose ; ocelli placed about as near to each other as to 
eyes; scutellum about as long as pronotum ; head (together with 
the eyes) wider than tegmina at ba.se ; face (including clypeus) 
nearly as long as width across eyes; pronotum anteriorly con- 
ve.xly rounded between the eyes. 

Length 34 millini. 

Hab. jN". Bengal ( Brit. JIus.). 

Allied to A. jdotina, Dist. (vox. n , p. 194), but differing in its 
granulose upper surface and distinct coloration. 



34t)9. Agallia campbelli, sp. n. 

Vertex of head ochraeeous, narrow margins, a central longitu- 
dinal line and a rounded spot on each side, dark purplish brown ; 
pronotum aiid scutellum dark purplish browu, pronotum with two 
central spots near anterior margin, two central angulate spots 
behind middle and the lateral margins ochraeeous ; scutellum with 
two oblique spots and the apex ochraeeous ; face ochraeeous 
mottled with brownish, clypeus spotted with black; legs ochra- 
eeous. sometimes annulated with brownish ; tegmina dark purplish 
brown, in some sjjecimens, as in the one here figured, with the 
costal and apical cells paler, a distinct pale ochraeeous oblique 
fascia extending from base to about middle of claval area (in some 
specimens this fascia is almost obsolete), claval apex paler ; pro- 
notum strongly transversely impressed near middle, scutellum also 
transversely impressed ; posterior tibiie strongly spinulose. 

Length 2^ to 3 millim. 



230 



ArPENDIX. — .TASSID.E. 



Hah. South India; Chikkaballapiira (7'. V. Camphell). 
Tliis species is allied to the Ceylouese A. hij)la(/iata, Melich., 
which I have not seen, and only know from the description.' 




Fig. 168. — Agallia campbelll. 



3470. Agallia janaka, sp. n. 

Vertex of head, pronotum, and scutellum dull ochraceous ; 
vertex with two central rounded black or fuscous spots ; pro- 
notum with some obscure lateral black spots and the punctures 
fuscous ; scutellum with an angulate black spot at each basal 
angle, before each an angulate ]iale ochraceous fascia and the apex 
of the same colour ; face dull ochraceous , clypeus with two small 
basal blnck spots ; legs ochraceous with darker annulatious ; 




Fig. 169. — AgalUa janaka. 

tegmina dull subhyaline with the veins fuscous brown, the claval 
area darker, the veins at base distinctly paler and more ochraceous, 
a pale ochraceous spot at claval apex ; pronotum somewhat faintly 
transversely impressed before middle, and more visibly broadly 
centially longitudinally carinate ; scutellum transversely impressed 
before middle. 

Length 3^ millim. 



NEHELA. 231 

Hah. South India; Chikkiiballapura (:?', V. Camphell). 

In some specimens, as in tlie one here ligured, tlie tegmina liave 
only the apical areas dull subhyaliue with the veius fuscous brown, 
before tliis the whole area, is darker and very distiuctly so 
immediately before the pale apical area. 



Genus NEHELA. 

Nehela, Buck. White, Proa. Zoo/. Sor. 1878, p. 473. 
Pachynus, iStdl, Hem. Afr. iv, p. \'2~ (1866), notn. prteocc. 
Igeriia, Kirk. Wien, ent. Zeit. xxii, p. 13 (1903), n. nom. 
Agallia (part.), vol. iv, p. 1U4. 

Type, N. vidturina, Buch. White, from St. Helena. 

Distribution. St. Helena ; West and South Africa ; Seychelle 
Islds. ; Brit. India. 

Body cylindrical, elongate ; liead obtuse, short aud broad ; pro- 
notuiu broader than long, the lateral margins oblique ; face sub- 
triangular, apex produced, laterally before eyes broadly sinuate, 
ocelli between eyes, a little further removed from eyes than from 
eech other ; scutellum broader than long ; tegmina extending 
beyond the abdominal apex, beyond claval area narrowed ; 
posterior tibiae finely spined. 

I had previously followed Melichar in locating some species he 
had described in the genus Agallia, but since he described his 
AffaiUa hinutata from Ceylon, he has united that species with 
Pachynus himaculicollis, Stfil. Pacliynus, however, is a preoccupied 
name, but as StfiFs genus is the same as Nephela, which Dr. Buch. 
AVhite subsequently described, tliat name is available, and the new 
name proposed by Kirkaldy becomes unnecessary. 

Nehela axeovenosa. 
Agallia atrovenosa, vol. iv, p. 195, fig. 128. 



3471. Neliela montana, Dist. (Agallia) A. M. N. H. (8) x, p. G07 

(1912). 

Head and prouotum ochraceous ; vertex with two central longi- 
tudinal spots, a smaller spot between them, and a spot near inner 
margin of each eye black ; prouotum with a large waved fasciate 
spot on each lateral area, commencing on anterior but not reaching 
posterior margin, and a short line between them nearly reaching 
middle, black ; scutellum black, the lateral margins (not reaching 
base) ochraceous ; body beneath and legs ochraceous ; front with 
a central longitudinal line, two small spots on anterior margin, 
and a larger spot between eyes and ocelli black ; margins and 
apex of face, the whole of the clypeus, and irregular spots to 
cheeks black ; posterior margin of mesosternum, abdomen beneath 



232 



APPENDIX.— JAS.SID.5. 



(excluding apex) black ; tegmina pale ocbraceous, subhj^aliue ; 
ocelli placed as near to each other as to eyes ; scutellnm a little 
shorter than pronotum ; head together with the eyes wider than 
tegmina at base ; vertex of head very slightly rounded in front, 
almost truncate. 

Length 5 millim. 

Uab. Simla, 7000 feet {H. M. Lefroy, Brit. 2Ius.). 




17U. — Nchcla mijiitana. 



Allied to N. atrovenosa, Melich., from which it differs in the 
more truncate vertex between the eyes and different markings and 
coloration. 



Nehela BiMACULicoiLis to replace Agallia quadrinotata. 
(Vol. IV, p. 197.) 

Bythoscopus (Oncopsis) biniaculicollis, Sidl, Ofv. Vet.-Ak. Forh. 

1855, p. 100. 
Pacbynus biiuaculicollit;, Stal. Hem. Afr. iv, p. 127 (1866); Melich. 

Wien. ent. Zeit. xxiv, p. 297 (lyOo). 
Agallia quadrinotata, Melich. Horn. Ceylon, p. 151 (1903). 
Igenia bimaculicollis, Jacohi, Kilimandjctro-Meni Ex2)ed. 12 (7) 

p. 129(1910). 

Add: Hah. South India; Kodaikanal and Nilgiri Hills (T. F. 
Camphcll). — East and South Africa. Seychelle Islands. 

I had not seen the specimeii described by Melichar as A. quadri- 
notata when I included it in this fauna. 

A considerable amount of variation occurs in this species. 
Even in the specimens received from Mr. T. \. Campbell, which 
were taken in Southern India, the ground-colour of the tegmina 
being either pale bluish or dark ochraceous, the darker longitudinal 
markinsfs are also variable. 



MOONIA. 



233 



3472. Nehela violacea, sp. n. 

Head, prouotum, and scutellum very dark violaceous ; a large 
spot oa vertex before each eye, lateral and posterior margins of 
pronotum and apical area of scutellum pale ochraceous ; face 
oeliraceous, with a broad, central, longitudinal, more or less broken, 
dark violaceous fascia, and a few small spots of the same colour ; 
legs pale ocln-aceous ; tegmina dark violaceous, claval veins and 
claval margin pale violaceous, costal margin slightly ochraceous 
and subhyaline : disk of pronotum convexly rounded. 

Length 4^ raillim. 

Hah. South India ; Kodaikanal {T. V. CampheU). 



Genus MOONIA. (A'ol. IV, p. 197.) 

3473. Moonia albimaculata, sp. n. 

Head, pronotum, and scutellum pale brownish ochraceous ; three 
spots on vertex, anterior area and lateral angles of pronotum, 
greyishly paler, the pale anterior area with three small dark spots, 
and two small rounded darker spots near basal margin ; scutellum 
more castaneous at base and with a small pale linear spot near 




^^H'/''-^^ 



/ 




Fisr. 171. — Noovia (dhlmaculutu . 



each basal angle ; body beneath and legs ochraceous, legs more or 
less angulated with brownish : tegmina pale bi'ownish ochraceous, 
nearly basal half inwardly continued to claval apex more or less 
greyish white ; pronotum thickly punctate, centrally more or less 
longitudinally carinats ; scutellum transversely incised near base, 
the apex moderately globose ; the venation of the darker and 
posterior portion of the tegmina is prominent and in places palely 
spotted. 

Length 5 millim. 

Hah. South India; Chikkaballa])ura (^'. F. Campbell). 



234 



APrENUIX. — JASSID.I;. 



3474. Moonia capitata, sp. n. 

Very pale fuscous bro^Arl ; two transverse black spots (some- 
times connected) on vertex, two small black spots (sometimes larger 
and variable in size) on disk of pronotum, tlie transverse subbasal 
I'idj^'e to scutellum black ; face A'ery pale testaceous, a small black 
spot before each eye; legs ocbraceous ; tegmina pale fuscous browi:i, 
the inner area more or less irregularly dull greyish, and with some 
apical and apical-marginal spots of the same colour; pronotum, 
scutellum, and claval area of tegmina thickly finely punctate ; 
vertex of head short, much shorter at middle than on lateral 
areas ; face slightly convex, the disk sometimes, but not always, 
suffused with blackish. 

Length 3| millim. 

Hah. South India ; Chikkaballapura and Nilgiri Hills {T. 
V. Camphell). 

3475. Moonia brunnea, sp. n. 

Dark fuscous brown, sometimes more or less suffused with 
piceous ; scutellum with a small pale spot near each basal angle ; 
tegmina more or less distinctly sprinkled with small ocbraceous 
spots ; face ocbraceous, its basal margin suffused with piceous ; 
legs ocbraceous, femora (excluding apices) and the tarsi black ; 
vertex, pronotum, scutellum, and claval area of tegmina thickly 
punctate. 

Var. Pemora (excluding apices) castaneous, not black. 

Length 4^-5 millim. 

Hah. South India ; Kodaikanal ( 7'. V. Gamphell). 

3476. Moonia variabilis, sp. n. 

Head and pronotum very pale ocbraceous, two transverse liuear 




Fig. 172. — JMooiiia vur/ahili.'i. 



spots to vertex, and two large discal spots — -followed on each side 
by a very small one — to pronotum, black; scutellum black with 



MOOXIA. 230' 

a small spot near eacli basal angle and the apex pale ochraeeous ; 
body beneatli black or blackish, face and legs pale ochraeeous,. 
apical aiuiulations to femora, apices to tibiae and the tarsi black;. 
tegmina blackish, the veins palel_y spotted, the greater part of 
ckn'al area, :iiid a transverse spot on lateral area befoi'e middle, 
pale ocliraceoiis. 

Length 3-5 inillim. 

Hah. South India ; Kodaikaual and Xilgiri Jlills {T. V. Camp- 
hell). 

This species vai-ies very much in colour markings ; the two 
discal pronotal spots are sometimes coalesced and in other cases 
almost absent, the tegmina are often ])aler so that the dark veins 
appear like narrow fasciatemarkincs, or again are darker witli the 
pale ochraeeous areas wanting. 



3477. Moonia diversa, sp. n. 

Tertex of liead and pronotum dull ochraeeous sjn-inkled with 
numerous dull brownish spots ; pronotum with a transverse series- 
of small dark spots near anterior margin and with a blackish 
central, discal suffusion ; scutellum dull brownish with an ochraeeous- 
lateral spot on each side; face ochraeeous, a transverse black 







Fig. 17^. — Mooiiid (litersa. 



fascia at anterior margin and a black spot near each eye ; tegmina 
pale brownish intersj)ersed with greyish spots, the veins marked 
with small darker granules ; legs ochraeeous, more or less mottled 
with brownish ; vertex of head distinct!}^ narrowed centrally ; 
anterior margin of face truncate ; pronotum anteriorly strongly 
subconvexly i)roduced ; scutellum transversely nnpressed near 
middle. 

Lengtli 4 millim. 

Hub. South India ; Kodaikanal [T. V. Camphdl). 



236 APPENDIX. JASSID.i:. 

3478. Moonia albivitta, sp. n. 

Vertex of bead auci pronotum dull brownish ; proiiotuin with a 
trausver.se series of pale greyish spots before middle and two 
small black spots near base ; scutellum dull ochraeeous with a 
small black spot at eacb basal angle ; face ochraceous, two small 
central black spots on anterior margin and a similar spot at mai"gin 
of each eye, two central longitudinal brownish spots aTul a s])ot 
of the same colour near each lateral margin ; tegmina greyish 
white, the veins dull brownish ; legs pale ochraceous, niore or less 
mottled and annulated with brown ; vertex of head only slightly 
shortened centrally, anterior margin of face slightly convex ; 
pronotum w"ith the anterior margin a little convexl}" truncate, 
obscurely centrally longitudinally ridged ; scutellum obscurely 
■centrally ridged and transversely impressed near middle. 

Length 5 millini. 

Hah. South India; Ivodaikaual (?'. V. Campbell). 



Genus SITADES. 
Sitades, Dist. A. M. X. H. (8) x, p. 60S (1912). 

Type, S. fasciatus, Dist. 

TJisirihution. Bengal. 

Vertex short, shorter at middle than on lateral areas, where it 
is distinctly grooved before eyes ; ocelli placed on front just 
beneath the anterior margin of the vertex, nearer to each other 
than to eyes : face a little longer than broad, rounded anteriorly ; 
pronotum somewhat convex, foveately depressed on each lateral 
area, anterior margin moderately rounded, posterior margin slightly 
sinuate; scutellum a little shorter than pronotum, broader than 
long, its apex acute ; tegmina moderately broad, passing abdominal 
apex; costal margin rounded, veins coarse and prominent, apical 
cells five; posterior tibiae shortly, thickly, finely spinulose. 

Allied to Moonia, Dist., but differing in the larger scutellum, 
narrower and more elongate face, &c. 

3479. Sitades fasciatus, Dist. A. 21. X. IL (8) x, p. 008 (1912). 

Vertex of head and pronotum pale ochraceous, the first with a 
dark indentation before each eye ; scutellum brownish ochraceous, 
with the basal margin (centrally broken) black ; body beneath 
and legs ochraceous, apices of femora annulated, and tibiae spotted 
with brownish ; tegmina pale umber-brown, apical area of clavus 
and an oblique longitudinal fascia commencing before middle, 
terminating before apical area, and anteriorly transversely con- 
tinued towards costal area, dull greyish, outer claval margin with 
piceous linear spots, between which are small pale spots, the 
claval vein somewhat similarly marked, the general venation also 



BUKGADES. 



2;J7 



distinctly darker aud marked witli small pale spots ; at the pos- 
terior termination of the greyish fascia are two piceous blotches 
or spots ; pronotum thickly finely granulose ; front of head 




Fig. 174. — Sitadcx fasciutns. 

beneath with the ocelli distinctly darker, and a small black spot 
near the insertion of the antennae ; other structural characters as- 
ia generic diagnosis. 

Length 4 milliui. 

Hal). Bengal {Brit. Mas.). 



Genus DURGADES. 
Durgades, Dist. A. M. N. H. (8) x, p. COS (li)12). 

Type, D. nvjropictus, Dist. 

Distribution. ]>forth India. 

Head with the A'ertex short and broad, centrally carinate, the 
eyes extending beyond the anterior angles of the pronotum, 
shorter at middle than on lateral areas ; ocelli placed on front 
between eyes, nearer to eyes than to each other and nearer to 
base of face than to the anterior margin of the vertex ; face about 
as long as broad, rounded anteriorly ; pronotum about twice as 
broad as long, anterior margin rounded, posterior margin sinuate, 
posterior angles somewhat obliciuely rounded ; scutellum broader 
than long, shorter than pronotum, its apex angularly acute : 
tegmina moderately broad: extending beyond abdominal apex, 
costal margin convexly rounded, venation distinct, apical cells 
five, claval vein inwardly rounded ; posterior tibiae distinctly 
spinulose. 

Differs from the preceding ge)ius Sitades by the ocelli being 
placed nearer to base of face than to the anterior margin of the 
vertex, and nearer to eyes than to each other, and by the venation 
of tegmina, especially on clavus. 



■238 



APPENDIX. — JASSID.I. 



3480. Durgades nigropictus, Di<t. 
(li»12). 



A. .U. X. H. (S) X, p. 609 



Vertex of head ochraceous, with two black spots about as iar 
from each other as from eyes ; proiiotum and scutellum pale 
fuscous brown, the latter with a central longitudinal blackish spot 
and a much smaller basal spot on each side; body beneath and 




Fig. 175. — Ditrjades iiiyropictiis. 

legs pale brownish ; tegniina with about interior basal half 
brownish, remainder dull pale ochraceous, some of the veins 
longitudinally streaked with black; front of head beneath with 
two small black marginal spots and with a black line between 
them ; other characters as in generic diagnosis. 

Length 4| millim. 

Hah. Eastern Himalayas {Brit. Mus.). 



Genus PEDIOPSIS. 

Pediopsis, Barm. Gefi. Lis-. (1838; p. 16; StxL H-m. Afr. iv, p. 128 
(1866) ; Mclich. Cicndinen Mitt.-Earnp. p. 139 (1896) ; Edic. Hem.- 
Hom. Brit. Isl. p. 90 (1896). 

1\ype, P. tillice, G-erm., a Palasarctic species. 

Distribution. Probably almost universally distributed. 

A genus to be distinguished from any of the preceding Bytho- 
scopinae here enumerated by the narrow and angulated vertex of 
the head, situate beneath the more or less convex pronotum ; face 
more or less triangular and obliquely truncate before the eyes; 
ocelli situate between the eyes ; pronotum moderately convex, 
nearly or quite twice as broad as long, anteriorly angulate ; 
scutellum much broader than lonfr. 



PEDIOPSIS, 



239 



3481 . Pediopsis orientalis, sp. u. 

Greenish ochraceous ; scutellum witli a darker spot near each 
basal angle ; teginina appearing distinctly paler on a hroad, costal, 
suhapical area, the inner apical margin distinctly darker in hue ; 
vertex narrow, almost in direct line with the eyes, as seen above, 



^ 



.^ 




Fig. 176. — Pediopsis oriejitaii-. 

distinctly and somewhat strongly anteriorly angulate ; pi'onotum 
twice as broad as long, its posterior margin moderately concave ; 
scutellum transversely impressed before apex, and preceding this 
there is in some specimens, as in the one here figured, a darker 
longitudinal line. 

Length 4k millim. 

Bah. South India ; Kodaikanal and Nilgiri Hills (7\ V. 
Campbell), 



3482. Pediopsis lovedalensis, sp. n. 

Pale virescent, the apical areas ot" the tegmina more ochraceous ; 
vertex of head moderately angulate, tlie pronotum a little more 
than twice as broad as long; scutellum with two diseal longi- 
tudinal ridges ; face convex, modei'ately globose ; apices of the 
tarsi black. 

Length 6 millim. 

Hah. Nilgiri Hills ; Lovedale (T. V. .Camphell). 

Allied to the Paltearctic P. virescens, Fabr., fi'om which it differs 
in the less anteriorlv angulated vertex of the head. 



3483. Pediopsis garuda, sp. n. 

Vertex of head, pronotum, and scutellum olivaceous, the first 
sparingly, the two latter thickly, coarsely, darkly punctate, apical 



240 APPENDIX. — JASSIDA 

area of scatellum less thickly punctate, and preceded by two small 
dnrker spots ; face pale olivaceous, thickly, darkly, finely punctate, 
the ocelli dark, and situate belween the eyes ; tegmina brownish 
olivaceous, the veins darker, finely spotted with greyish white ; 




Fig. 177. — Pediopsis garda. 



legs ochraceous, the spinules to the posterior tibiae purplish black ; 
scutellum transversely impressed beyond middle ; vertex of head 
subaugulate ; prouotum twice as broad as long, its posterior 
margin subtruncate. 

Length 4 millim. 

Hah. Nilgiri Hills (2\ V. CampheV). 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX. 



Abdas, 191. 
abdominalis (Usana), 

61. 
aberraus (Pyrilla), 85. 
aberrans (Zaraila), 85. 
Abidama, 199. 
Achilina;, 55. 
addita (Pceciloptera), 

121. 
Addenda, 36. 
Adzapala, o4. 
:\;neus (Tricentrus), 167. 
affinis (Cosmoscarta), 

214. 
afSnis (Parayasa), 179. 
affixa (Parayasa), 178. 
Agallia, 228, 231. 
Akilas, 138. 
Alara, 74. 

albida (Kermesia), 70. 
albifasciata (Messena), 

22. 
albiflos (Kalidasa), 20 . 
albimaculata (Moonia), 

233. 
albiuotatus (Thabe- 

noides), 90. 
albivitta (Moonia). 236. 
albomaculatus (Otinotus), 

159. 
albomaculatus (Tricen- 
trus), 166. 
albosignata (Earuna), 

53. 
albosignata (Barunoides), 

53. 
albosignatum (Pogon), 

161. 
allabens (Tricentrus), 

166. 
Ambalangoda, 61. 

YOL. VI. 



ampliiicata (Phra), 80. 
Anagnia, 28. 
Anaya, 127. 
Anclion, 162. 
Anclionoides, 162. 
andamanensis (Minco- 

pius), 100. 
angularis (Ledropsis;, 

222. 
Anila, 37. 

annandalei (Oliarus), 30. 
annulatus (Onkelos), 

137. 
anoiiiala (Paraketumala), 

127. 
Autabhoga, 48. 
Apachnas, 113. 
Aplirophora, 189. 
Aphropiiorinae, 185. 
Arawamada, 27. 
Archa, 81. 
arundinaceie (Puroliita), 

136. 
assaniensis (Cosmo- 
scarta), 211. 
assaniensis (Machjerota), 

183. 
atkinsoni (Atracis), 130. 
atkinsoni (Platy pleura), 

Atracis, 130. 
atricapilla (Parayasa), 

179. 
atromaculHta (Liburnia), 

145. 
atromaculata (Phra), 

80. 
atromaculatus (Heuii- 

.xphajrius), 105. 
atrotermiuata (Daw- 

uaria), 70. 



atrovenosa (Agallia), 

231. 
atrovenosa (Nehela), 

231. 
atrovenosa (Nisia), 71. 
Aufidellus, 204. 
Aufidus, 204. 
Autiterna, 204. 
auriculatum (Pogon), 

161. 
australicus (Lollius), 

100. 
Awaramada. 27. 



badia (Platypleura), 2. 
badius (Otinotus), 158. 
baiubriggei (Petaloce- 

phala), 220. 
bajulans (Leptocentrus), 

155. 
balteata (Cosmoscarta), 

212. 
balteata (Mundopa), 42. 
balteata (Telingana), 

151. 
Barma, 43. 
Baruna, 53. 
Barunoides, 53. 
basinotata (Cosmoscarta), 

216. 
bengalensis (Hilda), 106. 
bengalensis (Zuleika), 

144. 
bhutanensis (Tanna), 4. 
bifasciata (Tetrica), 92. 
bifurcus (Tricentrus), 

165. 
Bijaurana, 15. 
bijeniiuus (Ilemispliae- 

rius), 105. 
R 



242 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX. 



biniaculatus (Redarator), 

88. 
biinaeulicollis (Igerna), 

232. 
bimacLilicollis (Neliela), 

232. 
bimaculie()llis(Oncop9is), 

(Bythoscopus), 232. 
biuiaculicollis (Pacliv- 

nus;, 232. 
binghami (Oliarus) 33. 
binsanis (Oxjrhacbis), 

148. 
biiDartita (Jeaibraiia), 

192. 
bipustulatiis (Gergitbus), 

104. 
bipustulatus (Hemi- 

sph;vrius), 104. 
biturberciilatus (Con- 
fucius), 221. 
bombayensis (Pctalo- 

cepliala), 219. 
borealis (Considia), 201. 
borealis (Eoscarta), 202. 
Boi-ystlieiies, 43. 
bovillus (Tricentrus), 

164. 
brachycepbala (Putala), 

26. 
Brabnialoka, 87. 
breddiiii (Pvrgauclienia), 

149. 
brevicornis (Otinotus), 

160. 
brevis (Cosmoscarta), 

214. 
brevis (Platylotuia), 5. 
Brixia, 44. 
Brixioides, 85. 
briinnea (Mooiiia), 234. 
bur)iiaiiica(Apbi-opbora), 

189. 
burmanica (CloTia), 188. 
butleri (Ilobigalia) 56. 
Bytboscopinae, 226. 
Bythoscopus, 227. 



cislata (Gargara). 172. 
Calliteitix, 199. 
Caloscarta, 200. 
campbL'lli (Agallia), 

229. 
campbelli (Kodaiana), 

91. 
carapbelli (Muiidopa), 

41. 
campbelli (Nisia), 71. 
campbelli (Otinotus), 

158. 



campbelli (Telingana), 
150. 

candelaria (Fulgora). 
18. 

candelaria (Pyrojis), 18. 

Caneirona. 38. 

Capelopterum, 97. 

capitata (Moonia), 234. 

cardinalis (Fulgora), -0. 

eardinaii.s (Saiva), 20. 

carinata (Kusuuia), 85. 

carinatus (Brixioides), 
85. 

Caristianns, 63. 

cariiosa (Drona), 68. 

carnosus (Diostrombiis), 
68. 

Carystiis, 195. 

casandra (Meimima), 6. 

cavendus (Convector), 
153. 

Centromeria, 29. 

Ceutrotue, 162. 

Centrucbus. 168. 

cepbalotes (Petaloce- 
phala), 218. 

Cercopidre, 183. 

Cereopinae, 199. 

ceylonica (Eporiella), 
52. 

Chaprina, 76. 

ebloraphana (Bytho- 
scopus), 227. 

cbrysoniela-na (Cosmo- 
scarta), 207. 

Cibyra, 96. 

Cicadatra, 11. 

Cicadidi'E, 1. 

cinctus (Hemisplijerius), 
105. 

cinereus (Ptyelns), 187. 

cingaleusis (Mnemo- 
syne), 34. 

citrea (Gargara), 170. 

CixiiuiE, 29. 

Clovia, 187. 

clypealis (Idiocerus), 
227. 

clypeata (Atracis), 1.32. 

Coccosterpluis, 175. 

cognata (Teliugana), 
149. 

coimbatoreiisis (Dietyo- 
2)bara), 26. 

Coinquenda, 93. 

coUatatus (Cunditor), 
185. 

Columbanus, 224. 

Commolenda, 37. 

complicatus (Gergitbus). 
103. 



complicatus (Pogon- 

typus), 173. 
Cohditor, 184. 
Confucius, 221. 
confusa (Gargara), 171. 
conica (Petalocephala), 

218. 
Conicoda, 143. 
conifer (Clovia), 187. 
Considia, 201. 
consobrina (Telingana), 

152. 
conspergata (Epirama), 

58. 
conspicularis (Gergi- 
tbus), Kto. 
con terminus (Aufidus), 

205. 
contigua (Callitettix), 

199. 
contraria (Gargara), 170. 
Convector, 153. 
coorgensis (Eicania), 

111. 
Coruncanius, 94. 
Cosmoscarta, 207, 214, 

21.5, 216. 
costalis (Jembrana), 

192. 
costalis (Philagra), 193. 
costalis (Poopbilus), 

185. 
crassus (Radhades), 228. 
cribratus (Gergitbus), 

102. 
crowfoot i (Terpnosia), 

11. 
Cryptoflata, 120. 
Cryptotynijjiina, 3. 
culobala (Ledra), 223. 
cu 1 1 rata (Led rotypa ) , 

223. 
cunnuingi (Dictvoj)bara). 

24. 
cuneatus (Centrucbus), 

168. 
cuneatus (Tricentrus), 

l(i8. 
cupreum (Pogon), 161. 
curvispina (Telingana), 

152. 



da?dalia (Lepvronia), 

188. 
Daimacbus, 225. 
dawnana (Pitambara), 

83. 
Dawnaria, 69. 
decipiens (Telingana), 

1.50, 152. 



ALPUAliETlCAL INDEX. 



243 



decisa (Cosmoscarta), 

207. 
decoratus (Centriiclius), 

168. 
decoratus (Tricentriis), 

168. 
Dei'eriiuda. 57. 
Delhina, \)d. 
delicatula (^Sunumgala), 

73. 
Uelpliaciiuv, 134. 
deiisa (liicaiiia), 110. 
Derbinse, 61. 
deschaiupsi (riiviiiato- 

stetha), 20n. 
Detya, 115. 
deiista (Commoleuda), 

38. 
diaphaua (Paraiuiciixia), 

40. 
Dichoptera, 24. 
Dictyophai-a, 24. 
Dictyophai-inse, 24. 
dilatata (Ledra), 221. 
diinota (Cosiuoscartu), 

209. 
Diostrombus, 68. 
diseessa (Cosmoscarta), 

209. 
discolorata (Ililavrita), 

120. 
discretiis (Macba.M-0- 

typus), 173. 
dissimilis (Atracis), 133. 
dissiiuilis (^Parayasa), 

179. 
dissimilis (Pogontypus), 

173. 
disianli (Aphropliora), 

189. 
distanti (Cercopis), 189. 
distant! (Fyrops), 17. 
distanti (Varma), 85. 
distincta (Sogata), 140. 
diversa (Barma), 43. 
diversa (Borvstiienes), 

43. 
diversa (Gelastyra), 97. 
diversa (Moonia), 235. 
dixoni (Dictyophara), 

24. 
dohertvi (Quinquatrus), 

197.' 
Delia, 47. 
dorsivitta (Pliyniato- 

stetha), 205. 
Doryphoriua, 25. 
Drona, t)8. 

dnbiu-s (Gergitims), 104. 
diibius (Hemisphai'ius;, 

104. 



Dundubia, 4. 
Diirgades, 237. 
dux (Alani), 74. 



Ebhul, 169. 
Ectopiopterygodelpliax, 

143. 
egens (Cosmoscarta;, 

207. 
Egropa, 105. 
Eilithyia, .53. 
Eiasmoscelis, 82. 
elegantula (Parayasa), 

178. 
elegantula (Tapoosa), 

79. 
eliyai:a (Narayana), 97. 
elongata (J3rixia), 45. 
elongatus (Crergithus), 

104. 
elongatus (Hemi- 

sphterius), 104. 
elongatus (Otinotus), 

160. 
Emphusis, 156. 
Eodryas, 52. 
eos (Eoscarta), 202. 
Eosearta, 202. 
Epirama, 58. 
Epora, 51, 52. 
Eporiella, 51. 
orebus (Gergithus), 101. 
erectus (Occator), 174. 
I<}nri(;ania, 113. 
Earyaulax. 202. 
Eurybracliydinai, 20. 
eurybrachydoides (Del- 
hina), 96. 
Enrybrachys, 20. 
euscbistus (Tricentrus), 

164. 
exalbida (Cryptotyni- 

paua), 3. 
cxeiiiplilicatus (Daima- 

cbws). 225. 
exeniplilicatus (Insitor), 

176. 
extrenia (Gargara), 171. 
extrema (Sogana), 54. 



facialis (Atracis), 130. 
facialis (Pun(laluoya), 

136. 
falcata (Colobesthes), 

121. 
fari".osa (Ketumala), 

126. 
lastialis (Coruncanius), 

95. 



fascialis (Vigilantius), 

203. 
fasciata (Anibalangoda), 

62. 
I'asciatus (Akilas), 138. 
fascial us (Sitades), 236. 
Eaveiitia, 56. 
fea; (Tbessitus), 23. 
fenostrata (Kicania), 

109. 
ferrugata (Plata), 119. 
ferrugiuea (Eoscarta), 

203. 
forruginea (Phenice), 64. 
festiva (Ilomalocepbala), 

20. 
fimbria (Atraci.s), 132. 
liinbriolata (Paratangia), 

.59. 
Plata, 119. 
Flatina;, 116. 
flavescens (Centrotvpns), 

156. 
tlavisigna (Magadbaj, (il. 
flavofasciata (Kinnara), 

59. 
flavovariegatns (Hemi- 

spbierins), i04. 
flctcberi (Brabmaloka), 

87. 
fletcheri (Em-ybracbye), 

21. 
fletcheri (Orthopagus), 

29. 
fletcheri (Pbaconeura), 

72. 
fletcheri (Udugama), 29. 
ileteberi (Zoraida), 65. 
Porculus, 121. 
Forculusoides, 123. 
formicariiLs (Ebliul), 169. 
forrnidabilis (Ox\rba- 

chis), 146. 
frog^atti (Pbaconeura), 

7-. 
frontalis (llemispbaerius), 

104. 
fryeri (Awaraniada), 27. 
fryeri (Narayana), 98. 
Fulgorii, 18. 
Eulgoridie, 17. 
FulgorintB, 17. 
fulviceps (Cosnioscarta), 

217. 
fiimata (Kinnara), .59. 
funu)sa (Cosmoscarta), 

210. 
furcifer (Lollius), 100. 
fuscata (Eoscarta), 202. 
fuscipenuis (Centruchus), 

168. 



2U 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX. 



fiiscipeimis (Cosmos- 
ear t a), 217. 

fusco-clypeatus (Heuii- 
sphierius), 105. 

fuscoiuarginata (Ketu- 
mala), 126. 

fusconebulosa (Detya), 
115. 

fuscosignata (Narayana), 
97. 



Gsetulia, 115. 
gardiueri (Antabboga), 

49. 
Gargara, 170. 
garuda (Pediopsis), 239. 
gazella (Leptobelus), 149. 
Gelastyra, 96. 
geometrina (Brixia), 46. 
Gergithus, 101. 
gibbosus (Forculus), 122. 
Gordia, 55. 
gracilis (Cosmoecarta), 

212. 
granulosa (Petaloce- 

phala), 219. 
gravelyi (Cosmoscarta), 

208. 
greeni (Adzapala), 35. 
greeni (Atracis), 131. 
greeni (Leprotypa), 224. 
greeni (Nila)iarvata), 141. 
greeni (Oliarus), 29. 
Gudaba, 12. 
guttularis (Crypt oflata), 

120. 
guttularis var, puncti- 

pennis (Cryptoflata), 

120. 
Gynopygolax, 214. 



Hadeodelpbax, 141. 
bainbanototensis (Ptye- 

lus), 186. 
haragamensis (Atracis), 

131. 
hardwicki (Hypsan- 

cbenia), 148. 
helena (Dundubia), 4. 
Heniispbaerius, 101, 104. 
herbaceus (Gergithus), 

104. 
herbaceus (Hemisphce- 

rius), 104. 
Hilavrita, 120. 
Hilda, 105. 
himalayana (Cosmos- 

carta), 213. 
HindoLi, 196. 



Hindoloides, 196. 
Hiracia, 47. 

hirsutus (Ptyelus), 186. 
histrionica (Zoraida), 66. 
hodgarti (Oliarus), 31. 
Homalocephala, 20. 
Honialostethus, 215. 
hopponis (Sogaiia), 54. 
horizontalis (Tricentrus), 

164. 
Hy^Dsauchenia, 148. 



Idiocerus, 226. 
Igerna, 231. 

ignotus (Gergithus), 104. 
imitator (Telnigana), 152. 
imnisi (Khimbya), 14. 
Iiuporcitor, 157. 
imrayi (Cosuioscarta), 

211. 
inclusa (Cosuioscarta), 

217. 
iiicoiispicua (Cicadatra), 

12. 
indica (Caneirona), 39. 
indica (Macropsis), 227. 
indicans (Hindoloides), 

197. 
indicatus (Centrotus), 

162. 
iudicus (Bythoseopus), 

227. 
indicus (Caristianus), 63. 
indicus (Oliarus), 29. 
indicus (Sunimanus), 

118. 
innoniinata (Cosmos- 

carta), 207. 
innota (CosnioSL-arta), 

207. 
iuornata (Brixia), 45. 
insignis (Anibalangoda), 

62. 
insignis (Parapogon), 

153. 
insignis (Platylouiia), 6. 
insignis (Pundaluoya), 

13.5. 
Insitor, 176. 
insularis (Eilithyia), 54. 
insularis (Saiva), 19. 
intermedia (Ledra), 221. 
inusta (Egropa), 107. 
inusta (Hilda), 107. 
Issinse, 86. 
Isthmia, 105. 



Jagannata, 89. 
jauaka (Agallia), 230. 



japonensis (Tanna), 4. 
Jassidae, 217. 
jayakari (Ptyelus), 187. 
Jembrana, 192. 
jeukinsi (Terpnosia), 9. 



Kalidasa, 20. 
kamaoneusis (Tricentrus), 

163. 
Kamendaka, 75. 
karenianus (Otinotus), 

159. 
Kareol, 29. 
kempi (Hypsauchenia), 

148. 
Kermesia, 70. 
Ketuniala, 125. 
Khimbya, 14. 
Kinnara, 59. 
Kirbyana, 37. 
Kerbyella, 37. 
Ivodaiana, 91. 
kurseongensis (Oliarus), 

32. 
Kusunia, 85. 



lactifera (Melicharia), 

119. 
lanata (Kalidasa), 20. 
latii'rons (Gelastyra), 97. 
latit'rons (Petalocephala), 

218. 
Ledra, 220. 
Ledrina;, 217. 
Ledropsis, 221. 
Ledrotypa, 222. 
lefroyi (Oxyrliachis), 147. 
leonina (C'osmoscarta), 

217. 
Leptataspis, 216. 
Leptobelus, 149. 
Leptocentrus, 154. 
Lepyronia, 188. 
Liburnia, 145. 
limbatus (Paranotus), 

129. 
Lollius, 100. 
Lophopinffi. 82. 
lovedalensis (Pediopsis). 

239. 
lucida (Hindola), 195, 
lunata (Cosuioscarta), 

208. 
luteola (Tropidocephala), 

143. 
lutesceus (Ledropsis), 

221. 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX. 



245 



Machaerota, 183. 
Machaerotiiia?, 183. 
Miicbici-otypus, 173. 
mackeiizici (Ricano- 

ptera), ll-J. 
iiiaculata (Fulgora), 19. 
raaculata (Gudaba), 13. 
maculata (Kinuara), 59. 
maculata (Ledropsis), 

222. 
luaculata (Putala), 2(5. 
maculatus (Idiocerus), 

220. 
macLilipennis (Canei- 

roiia), 38. 
maculosa (Paravasa), 

177. 
maculosa (Tapoosa), 78. 
macuiosus (Faranotusj, 

129. 
Magadha, (U. 
magnus (Bythoscopus), 

227. 
mahoni (Oiicotympana), 

7 
maidis (Peregi-inus), 1.34. 
majuscula (Gargaraj, 

170. 
malabarensis (Zorai- 

doides), 67. 
mamyoiia (Pochazia), 

108. 
maiidarina (Cryptotym- 

pana), 3. 
inangiferana (Oxyrha- 

chis), 147. 
iiianiii (Hypsauchenia), 

149. 
margberita (Parayasa), 

180. 
marginalis (Ricania), 

109. 
margiiiellus (Saliiniis), 

116. 
maskeliy* (Tajjoosa), 78. 
niasoni (Cosinosc-arta), 

217. 
Mata, 8. 
Meiiiiuiia, 6. 
Melainpsalta, 16. 
melichai-i (Eodryas), 52. 
Melicliaria, 119. 
Membracidis, 146. 
menaca (Cosmoscarta), 

216. 
Messena. 22. 
Miasa, 28. 
Microchoria, 84. 
mimicus (Otinotus), 

159. 



minbuensis (Ricania), 

109. 
Mineopiiis, 99. 
miiuitua (Coccosterphus), 

175. 
luisrauus (Colin iibauus), 

221. 
mixta (Gargara), 171. 
mixta, var. nandidru- 

gaiia (Gargara), 171. 
Mnemosyne, 33. 
modesta (Parayasa), 181. 
moesta (Phenice), 64. 
montana (Epora) 51. 
montana (Gietalia), 115. 
montana (Neliela), 231. 
montana (Pitambara), 82. 
Moonia, 233. 
moorei (Cosmoscarta), 

217. 
Mundopa, 41. 
mundula (Clovia), 188. 
mutica (Ledra), 221. 
miitilus (Centruchus), 

168. 
mysorensis (Eury- 

'brachys), 20. 



naiteara (Cosmoscarta), 
208. 

nalandeusis (Atracis), 
133. 

uancyae (Aphrophora), 
189. 

A^arayana, 97. 

nebiilosiis (Ptyelus), 186. 

Nehela, 231. 

jN'eosalurnis, 116. 

Nephropsia, 142. 

Nicertoides, 75. 

iiicobareusis (Anaya), 
127. 

nigrisciitellata (Gynopy- 
golax), 215. 

nigriventris (Cosmos- 
carta), 213. 

nigroclavata (Coin- 
quenda), 94. 

nigroclypeata (Sarima), 
93. 

nigrofasciata (Cosmos- 
carta), 21 (i. 

nigroniacnlata (Cliap- 
riua), 76. 

nigromaculata (Tetrica), 
92. 

nigropictus (Durgades), 
238. 



nigropuuctata (Anaya), 

128. 
nigropiinclata (Ker- 

mesia), 70. 
uigropunctata (Seliza), 

124. 
Nilaparvata, 141. 
nilgirieusis (Gergithus), 

104. 
nilgiriensis (Heruisphae- 

riiis), 104. 
nilgiriensis (Parayasa), 

180. 
Nisia, 71. 

nitidula (Considia), 201. 
niveosparsus (Idiocerus), 

227. 
nobilis (Apachnas), 114. 
noctis (Hemisphannus), 

105. 
noctua (Machaerota), 

183. 
notandus (Xenaias), 198. 
notata (Paratangia), 58. 
nuncupatus (Abdas), 191. 
nuwarse (Oliarus), 32. 
nuwarana (Aplirojjhora), 

190. 
nuwarana (Machaero- 

typus), 174. 
nympha (Cosmoscarta), 

211. 



oberthuri (Tei-pnosia), 
10. 

obesa (Jembrana), 193. 

obligens (Ledropsis), 222. 

obliqua (Hilavrita), 120. 

obliqua (Ricania), 109. 

obortus (Leptocentrns), 
154. 

obscurus (Coccoster- 
phus), 176. 

obtusangula (Meli- 
cliaria), 119. 

Oceator, 174. 

ocellus (Euricania), 113. 

ochraceicoUis (Cosmos- 
carta), 210. 

octopunctatus (Opistar- 
sostethus), 215. 

oculata (Gordia), 55. 

Oliarus, 29. 

Oncotynipana, 7. 

oneratus (Otinotus), 160. 

Onkelos, 137. 

opalina (Paratetrica),92. 

operculata (Fidicina), 3. 

Opiotarsostethus, 215. 



246 



ALPHABETICAL IXDEX. 



Opitarsostheiniis, 21 o. 
Orchesina. 142. 
orieiitalis (Pediopsis), 

239. 
ornanda (Telingana), 150. 
ornata (Jenibrana), 192. 
Oi-tliopagus, 28. 
Oryxa, 121. 

osniyloidcs (Sassula), 1 15. 
ostentiis (I'aplinutiiisi, 

200. 
Otinotus, 158. 
Oxyi-hacliis, 146. 

Pachymus, 231. 
pnllata (Pbenice), (')4. 
pallescens (Caloscarta), 

200. 
pallescens (Machaeroly- 

pus), 173. 
pallescens (Otinotus), 160. 
l^allescens (Sogata), 140. 
pallida (Dictyopliara), 

26. 
pallipes (Centrotiis), 1.59. 
pallipes (Otinotus), 159. 
paludatus (C'occoster- 

phiis), 175. 
paliis (Oxyrhacbis), 147. 
pandata (Machtero ta), 

184. 
Papbnutius, 200. 
Paragoineda, 124. 
Paraketuiuala, 126. 
Paramicrixia, 39. 
Paranotus, 128. 
Parapogon, 153. 
Paratangia, 58. 
Paratetrica, 92. 
Parayasa, 176. 
paria (Telingan;i), 152. 
peculiai-is (P'orciilus), 121. 
Pediopsis, 238. 
pegnensis (Cosmoscarta), 

213. 
pegnensis (Fulgora), 18. 
pennata (Drona), 68. 
pennatus (Diostrombut-), 

68. 
Peraiidenina, 75. 
perarniatus ( ICnipbtisis), 

156. 
Pei-egrinus, 134. 
Perianian, 157. 
perpusilla (Pyrilla), 85. 
perpiisilla (Zaniila), ^5. 
Petalocepbala, 217. 
Pbaconeura, 72. 
pbal?ena (Ric-anoptcra), 

113. 



Piienice. 64. 
Pliilagra. 193. 
Pbra, 79. 

Pbymatostetba, 2(_t"i. 
picta (Pouiponia), 7. 
pictipeunis (Pbra), 80. 
pilosnni (Ancbon), 162. 
pilosus (Perianian). 157. 
pipera (Pocbazia), 108. 
pirollei (Leptataspis), 

217. 
Pitanibara, 82. 
plagiveutris (Leptatas- 
pis), 217._ 
plagosa (Bi-ixia), 44. 
plana (Poeciloptera), 121. 
planiceps (Mnemosyne), 

33. 
planitise (Macbrerota), 

184. 
Platyloniia, 5. 
Platypleura, 1. 
platvpoda (Elasmocelis), 

82. 
Pocbazia, 108. 
Pogon, 161. 
Pogontypus. 173. 
Pouiponia, 7. 
poniponia (Quintilia), 14. 
Poopliilus 185. 
Privesa, 113. 
]3roducta (Abidania). 199. 
projectus (Tricentrns), 

165. 
proinpta (Cosmoscarta), 

214. 
prunotalis (Sardia), 141. 
pronus (Tricentrus), 166. 
proprius (Tricentroides), 

169. 
jirdserpina (Gynopygo- 

las), 214. 
proteus(Gorgitlnis), 102. 
Psalniocliarias, 12. 
Ptyelus, 186. 
pulebelia (Pundalnoya), 

135. 
pinicta (Clovia), 188. 
pnnctipeiniis (Mnemo- 
syne), 34. 
piinctipennis (Oliarns), 

34. 
Pundalnoya, 134. 
pundaluoyana (Nara- 

yana), 98. 
Purobita, 136. 
]uisana (Pyriila), 84. 
pusana (Seliza), 124. 
pusana (Sogata), 139. 
pustulata (Favenlia), 56. 



Putala, 26. 
Pyrilla, 84. 
Pyrops, 17. 



quadrata (Melicbaria), 

119. 
qnadricarina (Ledra). 

220. 
quadrinotata (Agallia), 

232. 
quaarula (Psabnocbarias), 

13. 
quivrula (Sena). 12. 
Qninquatrus, 197. 
Quintilia, 14. 



Radbades, 227. 
radiata (Messeiia). 22. 
raja (Cicadatra), 11. 
rania (Mata), 8. 
ramakrisbna (Ricauo- 

ptera), 112. 
rectangulatum (Ancbon), 

162. 
Redarator, 88. 
regina (Mundopa), 42. 
relata (Cosmoscarta), 

208. 
repandus (Tricentrus), 

163. 
resectus (Tricentrus), 167. 
reticnlatus (Gergitbus), 

104. 
reticnlatus (Hemispbae- 

rius), 104. 
reticidatus ( Xeosalurnis), 

117. 
retusus (8arritt)r), 182. 
Ricania, 109. 
Ru-aniina;, 108. 
Ricanoptera, 111. 
Ribana, 2 
Robigalia. 56. 
Robigus, 68. 
rogersi (Tempsa). 89. 
rostrata (Sardia), 141. 
rotnndata (Cosmoscarta), 

217. 
rubroniaculata (Tambi- 

nia), 48. 
rubronervis (Forculu- 

soides), 123. 
rubro-ornata ( Eurybra- 

cbys), 21. 
ruhrovittata (Miasa), 28. 
rudis (Oxyrbacbis), 146. 
rufescens (Oxyrbacbis), 

146. 



ALPHABKTICAIj INIMOX. 



247 



ruficeps (Hemispliaerius), 

104. 
riifiliiieiis (Paraiiotu.s), 

ll'S. 
nifoliiiibata (Pliyinato- 

.stetha). :i05. 
rufula (Abiclania), 199. 
riigosa (Agallia), '22^. 
rustica (Parayasa), l8l. 



sadeyana (Atracis), 132. 

sanguineus (Eobigus), 09. 

Sardia, Ul. 

Sardis, (14. 

Sarima, 93. 

Sarritiu-, 182 

Sassula, 115. 

Satapa, 118. 

schaumi i^Gergitluis), 101, 

104. 
schaumi (Ileniisplijcrius), 

104. 
scutellata (Abidaina), 199. 
sciitellatus (Leptocen- 

trus), 155. 
seciindus (Gergitlius), 

104. 
secnndus (Hemisplue- 

rius), 104. 
securis (Centrutypus), 

15r.. 
Seliza, 124. 
seminigei- (Riliana), 2. 
Sena, 12. 
Serida, 84. 

sexvittatus (Ptyelus), 18G. 
sherwilli (Serida), 84. 
sbilloDganus (Aufidus), 

204. 
.siamensis (Cosinoscartaj, 

217. 
siainensis (Leijtataspis), 

216. 
sigillifera (Apliropliora), 

190. 
signata (Orchesnia). 142. 
signata (Pefcilocephaki), 

218. 
sikbimensis (Gargara), 

171. 
sima (JMiasma), 26. 
sima (Piitala), 26. 
Sinieliria, 210. 
siuiilis (Pbyuiatostetba), 

20(>. 
Simla; (Oliarus), 'M. 
siniplicia (Pundaluoya), 

134. 
singalensis (Ledropsis), 



sinuata (Ket iiiiiala), 125. 
sita (Bijaiiraiia), 16. 
sita (Miiudopa), 42. 
Sitade.*, 23i). 
Sinara, 142. 
sniaragdiliiiea (Miasma), 

28. 
Sogana, 54. 
Sogata, 139. 
soriicula (Miriza), 115. 
sorucula (Sassula), 115. 
spatulata (Ledrotypa), 

223. 
spec-tans (Golastyra), 96. 
spectra (Kaineudaka), 75. 
spectra (Kinnara), 60. 
spectra (Zoraida), 60. 
splendidida (Gargara), 

172. 
Stacotoides, .50. 
stall (Doryphorina), 2i>. 
stall (Phymatostetha), 

207.' 
sternalis (Sogata), 139. 
Stiborus, 49. 
stigrnutlca (Deferunda), 

57. 
strigipennls (Borys- 

theiies), 43. 
striglvitta (Diehoptera), 

24. 
siibaiigulatus (Trieen- 

trus), 165. 
subcostalis (Pliyuiato- 

stetha), 207. 
substitutus (Leptocen- 

trus), 154. 
subtilis (Epora), 52. 
sukuanlcus (Borys- 

tbenes), 44. 
Suinangala, 73. 
Suniiiianus, 1 17. 
Suracarta, 210. 



ta^nlata (Piiyniatostetha). 

200. 
Tanibinia, 47. 
Taniia, 4. 
Tapoosa, 77. 
tarandus (Oxyrhaciiis), 

140. 
tauriis (Leptocentrus), 

1.54. 
Telingana, 149. 
Tenipsa, 89. 
tenasseriuiensls (Hilda), 

106. 
tennanti (Oosmoscarta), 

215. 
Terpnosia, 9. 



terp.oichore (Homaloste- 

ibus), 21.5. 
Tetrica, 92. 
Tettigoscarta, 201. . 
Tliabenoides. 90. 
Tlies.situs, 23. 
thoracica (Sogata), 140. 
tilliie (Pediopsis), 238. 
tisiplione (Kicania), 110. 
tonientosa ( Eurybrachys), 

transversa (Considia), 

201. 
transversiis (Otinotus), 

161. 
travaucoreusls (Telin- 
gana), 151 . 
Tricentroides, 109. 
Tricentrus. 163. 
tricolor (Cosmoscarta), 

210. 
tricolor (Suracarta), 21(>. 
ti-ifasciata (Aphrophora), 

190. 
trifaseiata (Cosmoscarta), 

212. 
trirasciatus(Aulidus),204. 
Tropidocephala, 142. 
Tropiduebihjv, 47. 
truncata (Oryxa), 121. 
tuberculosa (Liburnia\ 

145. 
tuberculosa (Satapa). 118. 
Tubilustriinn, 80. 
typica (Adolenda), 36. 
typica (Archa), 81. 
typica (Bijaurana), 16. 
typica (Paragonieda), 

125. 
typica (Parayasa), 177. 
typica (Perandenina), 75. 
typicalis (Vervactor). 194. 
tvpiciini (Tubilustrium), 
■ 80. 

tvpicus (Auchonoides), 
' 102. 
typicus (Imporcitor), 

157. 
typicus (Stacotoides), 50. 



Udugauia, 28, 29. 
ulnil'orme (Anchon), 102. 
undata (Hilda). 105. 
uuiformis (Petalo- 

cephala), 218. 
Usana, 61. 



vagans (Mundopa). 41. 
variabilis (Mooiiia), 234. 



248 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX. 



variegata (Ricanopteni), 

111. 
variipennis (Zoraida), 65. 
variolosa (Brixia), 46. 
Tariiis (Ebhul), 169. 
Varma, 85. 
Vekunta, 58. 
yenosus (Gergithus), 104. 
Teno.sus (Heniispliserius), 

104. 
versicolor (Anila), 37. 
versicolor (Gergithus), 

102. 
versicolor (Terpnosia), 10. 
verticalis (Tambinia), 47. 



Vervactor, 194. 
Vigilantius, 203. 
violacea (Nehela), 233. 
viridans (Cosmoscarta), 

216. 
viridans (Simeliria), 216. 
viridicans (Hindola), 195. 
viridis (Forculus), 122. 
viridis (Paragomeda), 

125. 
viridis (Stiborus), 49. 
viridistigma (Centro- 

meria), 29. 
vittata (Cbaprina), 77. 
vulturina (Nehela), 231. 



walkeri (Dolia), 47. 
walkeri (Hirachia), 47. 



Xenaias, 198. 



Zaniila, 84. 

zenobia (Melampsalta), 

16. 
Zoraida, 65. 
Zoraidoides, 66. 
Zuleika, 144. 



PKINTED BY TAYLOK AND FRANCIS, KED LION COURT, FLEET STKEE'f. 



UNIFORM WITH THE PRESENT VOLUME. 



The Fauna of British India, 

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Nematocerous Diptera (excludinji- the ('liinniomid(P and the CnUcidfc). Bv 

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Ichneumonidae. By Claudk Morley, F.Z.S. Numerous illustrations 

and 1 plate. £1. 

Orthoptera i Ac rid i id re). . V,y W. F. Kirby, F.L.S. Numerous illustrations. 10.s\ 

Mollusca : Vdl. II. {Trochomor/diidce — Jane// idee). ]?y G. K. Gude, F.Z.S. 

Numerous illustrations. £1. 

„ : Vol. III. (Freslnvater Gastropoda and IVlecypoda). Bv IL J?. 

Preston, F.Z.S. "illustrations in Text. lO.s. 



Fauna of British India. 



In Ww, '^ FACYA of liinTlSll INDIA''- Series 
the further volumes wliicli tlie Editor, Dr. A. Y^. Shipley 
with the assistance of Mr. (luy A. K. IMarshall, and uith the 
sanction of tlu? Secretary of State for Iiuiia, has arran^^ed 
for, are : — 

Yolumes on nniler^rte't ( J.iicn nidw and Ile.yer/idn ) hv 
Mr. H. H. Druce : on the ('nrcnllon'uJa' hv Mr. (t. A. K. 
Marshall: on the J.oin/ironi J-iccth^s hv j\Ir. ( '. J. (liahan : 
on the I.rodhla' and Ar(ia/id(i' l>v IMi-. ('. ^Varl)urton : on 
Leeches hy Mr. W.A. Hai'diui;': on the Ihuirhiin roii.^ ( 'rN.^f/iecd 
hy T^ieut.-(*olonel A. AlcO(dc, ]\r.i). : on the Ajiler//o<>/a, 
Tei'iiiitidir and Knd)ildaA)\ ^\y. A. 1). Tnnns : on tlie J)/pfe)'(( 
Jh'ac/ii/eera In' ]\Ir. E. ]jriuietti : on the J'iifelid<r hv ^Ir. (il. 
J. Ai'row : and on the (Jj>ercid((f(i hv 3Ir. G. K. (iudc. 



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INDIANA