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Full text of "Rites of Durham, being a description or brief declaration of all the ancient monuments, rites, & customs belonging or being within the monastical church of Durham before the suppression"

1 











LIBRARY 

OF THE 

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA. 

Class 












THE 

PUBLICATIONS 

OF THE 

S U R T E E S SOCIETY. 

VOL. CV1I. 



T 1 1 E 



PUBLICATIONS 



SURTEES SOCIETY 

ESTABLISHED IN THE V E A R 
M.DCCC.XXXIV. 




VOL. CVII. 
FOR THE YEAR M.CM.II, 







<v° 



>l 






DURHAM : 
THOMAS CALPCLEl'GH, PRINTER. 



RITES OF DURHAM 

BRING 

A DESCRIPTION 

OR 

B R I E E D E C L A R AT I O N 

OF ALL THE 

ANCIENT MONUMENTS, RITES, & CUSTOMS 

BELONGING OR BEING WITHIN THE 

MONASTICAL CHURCH OF DURHAM 

BEFORE THE SUPPRESSION. 
WRITTEN 1593. 



{Jublishrb for the -Society 

BV ANDREWS & CO., DURHAM ; 

WHITTAKER & CO., 2, WHITE HART STREET, PATERNOSTER 

SQUARE ; 

BERNARD QUARITCH, 15, PICCADILLY ; 

BLACKWOOD & SONS, EDINBURGH. 

1903. 



At a Meeting- of the Surtees Society, held in 
Durham Castle, on Tuesday, June 3rd, 1902, the Dean 
of Durham in the chair, 

It was resolved, 

That the Rites of Durham, now being edited by the 
Rev. Canon Fowler, be the second volume for the 
present year. 



C O N T KNTS 



Preface ... 

Text of Rites of Durham 

Description of Windows 

Pilgrimage and Letter of Henry VI 

Inscriptions under Figures OF Monks 

,, under Figures of Kings and Bishops 

llberatura spf.cialis 

Indulgences 

Notes on Prebf.ndal Houses 

Mickleton's Additions to Davies 

.Votes in a Copy of Hunter's edition of 1733 
Inventory of Altar of St. John Baptist and St. 

Margaret 

Extracts from a Durham Missal... 

List of Works quoted in the Notes 

Notes on the Text 
Nous on the Appendix 

Note on the Sunday Procession 

List of books MENTIONED IN the Text 

Three Plans, and notes thereon. 
Index and Glossary. 



PAGE, 

ix — xxi 

1 — 108 
109 — 122 

122, 123 
1 24 — 1 36 
'37— '43 
144— '47 
148 — 158 

159, 160 
161 — 168 

l6q, 170 



172—191 
192 

193 — 288 
^89— 301 

302, 303 
304 






PRE FAC E.* 



In preparing the following pages for the press, seven 
Manuscripts have been used, two as forming the text, and 
live as affording various readings. 

I. MS. Cosin. — A Manuscript upon paper, of the 
quarto size, marked B. II. u, in the Episcopal Library 
of Durham founded by Bishop Cosin, and containing, 
i. An Exposition of the Catechism. 2. Hegg's Legend of 
St. Cuthbert, to which are prefixed lists of the bishops 
of Hexham, Candida Casa, Lindisfarne, Chester-le-Street, 
and Durham to 1660. 3. "This booke doth conteine a 
discription or briefe declaratio of all the ancient Monu- 
ments Rites and Customes, belonginge or beinge w th in the 
Monasticall Church of Durham before the suppression 
written 1593 " ; and, 4. "An act for a publike thanksgiuinge 
to allmightie God euerye yeare on the fift of nouember. 
Anno Jacobi Regis tertio." The book is in the same hand 
from beginning to end, and the period of its compilation 
is proved by the last article of its contents to be subse- 
quent to the year 1606. It was probably written about 
the year 1620, or 1630, but certainly before the Great 
Rebellion. The title of the Legend of St. Cuthbert, 
"The History of The Church of Durham, written by 
Stephen Hegg," is inscribed by Bishop Cosin in the 
more distinct hand of his earlier life, indicating that the 
volume belonged to him before his elevation to the See of 
Durham. Moreover, in the list of the bishops of Durham, 
" Tho. Moorton, 1632," is in the first hand, while "John 
Cosin, 1660," is a later addition. In the absence of any 
earlier authority, this Manuscript constitutes the text of 
our pages to p. 23, with additions and various readings 
from the other sources hereafter specified. 

This preface i-> the Former one of 1S44, with some adaptations and 

additions. 



X RITES OF DURHAM. 

II. A manuscript Roll, sixty-seven feet in length, and 
six inches in breadth, of which the writing occupies five 
inches and a quarter, and consisting of sixty-five pieces 
of paper stitched together with thread, 1 belonging to 
Thomas Jefferson Hogg and John Hogg of Norton, in the 
county of Durham, Esqrs., who very obligingly permitted 
the Society to make use of it for the earlier edition of this 
publication. Their present representative has extended 
the same favour to us now. This Roll is written in a 
bold hand, at a period certainly not much later than 
the date which the compilation itself in the Cosin MS. 
purports to bear, the year 1593. The following memoranda 
occur at some of the joinings of the sheets /'/; dorso, 
indicating probably that it was copied by more scribes 
than one, of whom these may be the names : — " 2nd pt 
Mr. lies, following the 2 d pt " ; "3rd pt of the 2nd pt, 
following Mr. lies " ; " John Wright," " Thomas 
Wright," " Brien lies his 5 te pte." Of these persons no 
record has been found. It is much to be regretted that 
this Roll does not contain the whole of the original 
compilation. It commences only with the battle of 
Neville's Cross ; but, as it is manifestly of higher date and 
authority than the Cosin MS., the latter is after p. 23 
rejected as the basis of our text, and is afterwards only 
used for subsidiary purposes : the Roll, from the page 
referred to, to the end of the book, is our chief authority. 
It was used by Hutchinson. — See his Durham, II, 6311. 

III. MS. Hunter, No. 45, upon paper, in quarto. 
This is a book of a very miscellaneous nature. It appears 
to have belonged originally to persons of the names of 
Gabriel Archer and John Archer of Malton, as a school 
book, and from them to have passed into the hands of 
Theophilus Brathwaite, who, as he himself says in a 
pedigree of the family of Radclyffe of Threshfield, in the 



1 Since unstitched and pasted on linen. 



PREFACE. XI 

county of York, which he recorded in one of its pages in 
the year 1655, " was borne at Nunburnholm, the tenth day 
of January 1595, and was baptized the 18th day following, 
his godfathers Mr. Mawburne of Holm in Spaldingmore, 
Mr. Longley near Pocklington, and Mrs. Percy of Hars- 
well godmother"; and that on the nth dav of October, 
1624, being- then "of the city of Yorke, Esqr. one of the 
gentlemen sewers to his late Majesty of famous memory 
Kinge Charles," he married Annabella, eldest daughter of 
Charles Radclyffe of Threshfield, Esq., by whom he had 
three daughters. When the book came into Mr. Brath- 
waite's possession it contained much blank paper, which 
he has filled up with entries equally miscellaneous — 
pedigrees of the Sovereigns of Europe, of the Emperors of 
Rome, biographical notices of Archbishops of York, and 
what more concerns us, a sparsim transcript of numerous 
portions of the Record, which is printed in its entire state 
in the following pages, together with many very valuable 
additions, bringing it down to his own time. It is to be 
regretted that portions of the document are here wanting. 
They were probably contained in "the ould booke " to 
which he refers (see p. 21 hereafter), and of which nothing 
is now known. Of this manuscript we have made much 
use under the reference H. 45. 

IV. MS. Hunter, No. 44, Tract 10, upon paper, in 
quarto. This is the latest of our MS. authorities, and 
appears to have been written subsequently to the Restora- 
tion. It has furnished a few various readings referred to 
under H. 44 ; but it alone, says Raine's Surtees edition of 
1S44, contains an account of the painted windows which 
decorated the church of Durham at the time of its com- 
pilation. Appendix I, pp. 109 — 122. In the present 
edition this description is printed from a much earlier 
copy in the Bodleian Library, MS. Rawlinson B. ^ou, c. 
loo,"?. The MS. is a folio entitled " A booke o( the 



Xll RITES OF DURHAM. 

recordes of Duresme. A little treatise ... for the most 
part translated forth of Latine into English the first 
day of August Anno d'ni 1603. Anno regni regis Jacobi 
etc. primo." On fo. 14^. begins : — " A discription of the 
histories," etc. The writing appears to be of about the 
above date. 

MSS. C, H. 44, and Gough Durham 15 contain the 
same description as the Rawlinson MS. ; the differences 
among the MSS. are not of much importance. 

V. MS. Lawson, referred to as L. This MS. 
belongs to Sir John Lawson, Bart., of Brough Hall, 
Catterick, and is a folio (i2}4 in. by 7^), very clearly 
written in a book well bound in old calf, with book-plate 
of the arms of " S 1 Henry Lawson, Bar t ." The first 93 
pages contain the whole of "Rites" not including the 
" Histories in the Glass Windows." Then follows, on 
pp. 93 to 122, the tract on the Bishops of Durham, in 
English, printed by Allan in 1779 ; the remaining portion 
of the book, about two-thirds, is blank. A marginal note 
at the end of the written portion says that the translation of 
the tract on the Bishops was made in 1603, " And this 
Copy taken 1656." As all the writing seems to be of the 
same date, we may assign 1656 as the date of the portion 
on " Rites." This MS. supplies us with all the passages 
that Dr. Raine took from Davies, not knowing of any MS. 
that contained them. These are now for the first time 
printed exactly as they stand in the Lawson MS. This 
MS. was used by Hutchinson. — See his Durham, II, 63^. 

VI. MS. Cambridge, referred to as C, belongs to 
the Cambridge University Library, and is marked 
G G 2 15. It is neatly written in a quarto volume 
containing 140 leaves of size 9 x 6y& inches, on leaves 
! — 80, preceded by title, dedication, and table of contents. 
At the end, "Transcribed Jan : 31 th 1660. p J : B." The 
text is that of the Lawson MS., with slight verbal 



l'RKFACE. Xlll 

differences. Leaves 8l to 83 are blank, then conies, on 
leaves 84—92, " The History of some partieuler windowes 
in the Cathedrall Church of Durham," much as in our 
Appendix and in MS. Hunter 44, but in a slightly 
abridged form. Leaves 93 to 121 contain, in English, under 
the heading " Origo Episcopatus Dunelmensis Anno 
Domini 1603," the tract printed by Allan in 1779. Leaves 
129 to 130 are blank. The collation is, " ix + 130 
(4- f. 2^*) = 140 leaves." It contains a line book-plate 
commemorating the present of books made to the Univer- 
sitv by George I in 1715, on which present see Studies in 
Oxford History, O.H.S., 156. Both covers bear impres- 
sions in gold from a very line stamp of the arms of 
Durham Cathedral, surrounded by a wreath of palm 
branches. 

The dedication is as follows : — 

" Right Wor'ppfull 

The Coppies of these two Treatises lighting into my 
hands accidentally, I counted it in pte, a Sinne of Omission, 
& negligence, to let them returne unsaluted, in the 
Coppying of w ch , knowing yo' worshipps delight, in 
Church order and Ornam lb , did beleeue, yo u would take 
much satisfacc'on, in y e reading of them : Upon w-' 1 ' 
Consideration, I resolued to bestowe some houres, in y e 
transcribeing of y ,n , and so much y* more willingly, by 
how much the more I psumed, y l through yo' goodnes, 
yo w would be so farre from denying the acceptance of it, 
that yo w would rather cherish, y c weake endeauours of 

yo 1 Wor'pps most humble 
Servant 

J :B 
For the Right Worshipfull ) 
S r Gilbert Jerrard J 

Sir Gilbert Gerard was a son-in-law of Bishop Cosin. 



XIV KITES OF DURHAM. 

VII. British Museum, MS. Harl. 7047. A volume 
measuring 11-;^ by 7^ inches. It contains, on ff. 146 — 
174, the whole of "Rites," including the passages that 
were printed from Davies in 1842, but not the separate 
description of " Glass Windows." Sir E. M. Thompson 
says that it is in the writing of Thomas Baker, the Cam- 
bridge antiquary, who was born at Lanchester and received 
his early education at Durham ; he was " socius ejectus " 
and historian of St. John's College, and died in 1740. 
The following is a copy of his note in the MS. : — 

" The copy from which this was taken had been writt 
by an unskilful scribe and therefore is often lame or faulty 
in the punctuation and sometime in the sense, especially 
where he quotes in Latin. The author's name does not 
appear but the collection was made an. 1593 and it is not 
improbable that George Bates the last Register of the 
house was the Author, of which there are some intimations 
in the collection itself." 

He has, however, adopted the extraordinary mis- 
reading " Deribitory " in ch. xxxvi. 

The Society is under great obligation to the Dean 
and Chapter of Durham, to the Trustees of Bishop 
Cosin's Library, to Sir John Lawson, and to the 
University of Cambridge, for permission to make use of 
these manuscripts. 

A note by Dr. Hunter, in the margin of MS. Cosin 
(p. 54, note 2), refers to another MS. in the possession of a 
Mrs. Milner, which, if existing, has not been identified. 

A considerable portion of the Record here presented 
to the Society and to the public was published in a 
curtailed and modernized shape, by John Davies, of 
Kidwelly, in the year 1672, in a volume of the duodecimo 



PREFACE. XV 

size, under the following title : " The Ancient Rites, and 
Monuments of the Motiastical, & Cathedral Church of 
DURHAM, Collected out of Ancient Manuscripts, about the 
time of the Suppression. Published by J. 1). of Kidwelly. 
Tempera mutantur — London, Printed for IV. Hensman at 
the King's Head in Westminster-Hall, M.DC.LXXII." In 
the Dedication, dated London, October 4, 1671, "to my 
much honoured friend, James Mickleton, of the Inner 
Temple, Esqr.," Davies speaks of his obligations to "a 
famous native of Durham, his early friend and patron, 
John Hall," who was brother-in-law to Mickleton by 
marriage ; and it is probable that from this person he 
received his manuscript. Hall was a poet, and died 
young ; having been a contemporary of Davies at St. 
John's College, Cambridge. Of Davies himself, and his 
various writings, a full account is given by Wood (Athen. 
Oxon., II, col. 902, second edition, 1721 1 ). His publication 
of the little volume now engaging our attention brought 
upon him and his book the following unmerited attack 
from "a severe Calvinist, and afterwards a Bishop," 
whose name Wood has withheld 2 : — " Liber hie omnino 
apochrvphus ptwa/Has et Legends putida? plurimum, vero 
historiae (praxi et cultu monachorum superstitioso exceptis) 
parum habet, adeo ut mirari subit, inscitiam ejus qui 
edidit, et negligentiam (veritati et ecclesia? Anglicana? 
damnosam) qui pra^lo permisit." 

It seems evident that Davies curtailed his manuscript 
and modernized its spelling and language. The slightest 
comparison between his book and even the later of our two 



1 Also in the Dictionary of National Biography. 

- See pp. 161-2, on this attack. This attitude towards antiquarian 
pursuits long continued. Bishop Warburton spoke of " the Antiquarian , 
who delights to solace himself in the benighted days of Monkish owl-light." 
Warburton, Charge to the Clergy of the Diocese of Gloucester, Works (1811), 
IX, 376, a. 1779. There are, perhaps, even now, some whose sentiments 
would be in harmony with those of the learned prelate. 

b 



XVI RITES OF DURHAM. 

text authorities, the Cosin MS., will afford abundant proof 
of the defects of his edition, but the Norton roll establishes 
them in the most decided way. Old North-country words 
have been rejected ; peculiar modes of expression of a 
local character have been generalized, and whole sentences 
have occasionally been so condensed as to convey an 
imperfect idea of their original character and meaning. 
That Davies took these liberties is the more to be regretted, 
as the manuscript from which he printed, although 
apparently in some respects less perfect than those above 
specified, seems to have contained matter not to be found 
in any of them ; and the editor of the edition of 1844 has, 
upon a few occasions, transcribed from Davies's book what 
could not elsewhere be found, using the reference Dav. 

In the present edition these passages are all printed 
from MS. L. They are also contained in MS. C. 

The above reason may suffice to justify the Surtees 
Society in apparently departing from one of its rules. 
This interesting Record of the Rites and Ceremonies of 
the Monastical Church of Durham, unique in its kind, and 
throwing so much light upon Benedictine and monastic 
observances, "is now" (says the editor of the earlier 
Surtees edition), " for the first time, faithfully printed 
from the best authorities which can be found, with a 
collation of other existing manuscripts ; and the garb 
which it assumes invests it with a new character. It must 
further be stated, that Davies's book, in its original state, 
is so exceedingly rare, that few people possess it, and that 
even in this respect alone a new edition was desirable " 
(1844P 

1 The Society has now (1903) departed still further in reprinting one of 
its own early volumes. This has, however, long been out of print, and is 
in great demand. The reprinting, moreover, has given the opportunity of 
consulting additional MSS., giving a more accurate text, and adding more 
appendices, as well as the notes, plans, etc, 



PREFACE. XV11 

We have said " in its original state," for, in the year 
1733, Dr. Christopher Hunter made it the basis of a little 
volume, which he published under the following title : — 

"Durham Cathedral, as it was before the Dissolution 
of the Monastry ; containing an account of the IRitCS, 
CUStontS, and Ceremonies used therein, together with 
the Histories painted in the Windows, and an appendix of 
various Antiquities, collected from several /IftaitUSCriptS. 
— Durham, printed by J. Ross for Mrs. Waghorn, 1733." 

In the year 1743, Dr. Hunter professed to publish a 
second edition of the above book, but the title only was 
new. It runs as follows : — 

4i The History of the Cathedral Church of Durham 
as it was before the Dissolution of the Monastry containing 
An Account of the Rites, Customs, and Ceremonies 
used therein, Together with a Particular Description of 
the Fine Paintings in the Windows ; Likewise the 
Translation of St. Cuthbert's Body from Holy Island ; 
With the Various Accidents that attended it's Interment 
here ; with an Appendix of divers Antiquities collected 
from the best Manuscripts. The Second Edition, with 
Additions. Durham, Printed for John Richardson, 
Bookseller, at the Bible and Crown, price 2s." 

Dr. Hunter's book contains a few corrections of 
Davies from MS. Cosin and H. 45, to which he seems to 
have had access, and also a few monumental inscriptions : 
but there is the same disregard of ancient phraseology, 
and a remarkable neglect of Brathwaite's additions to the 
latter of the above authorities. We have made one or 
two references to Dr. Hunter's edition. Of his appendix 
we shall have occasion to speak hereafter. 

In the year 1767 Hunter's edition was reprinted by a 
bookseller in Durham of the name of Patrick Sanderson, 
with still further deviations from the original, and with 



XV11I RITES OF DURHAM. 

numerous additional inaccuracies, the result of carelessness. 
Appended to Sanderson's edition is a " Description of the 
County Palatine of Durham," occupying 135 pages, based 
upon Magna Britannia Antigua et Nova [by T. Cox and 
A. Hall], Lond., 1738, I, 606 — 648. The title of Sander- 
son's book, of which there was a large impression, is as 
follows : — 

" The Antiquities of the Abbey or Cathedral Church 
of Durham, also A particular Description of the County 
Palatine of Durham, Compiled from the best Authorities 
and Original Manuscripts. To which is added, The 
Succession of the Bishops, Deans, Archdeacons, and 
Prebends, The Bishop's Courts, and his Officers, 
And the Castles and Mansion-Houses of the Nobility 
and Gentry, with other Particulars. Newcastle-upon-Tyne : 
Printed by J. White and T. Saint, for P. Sanderson, 
at Mr. Pope's Head, in Durham, mdcclxvii." 

In our Appendix (No. I, pp. 109 — 122) was printed in 
1844 from H. 44, the only manuscript then known in 
which it was contained, 1 " A Description of the Histories 
in the Glass Windows of the Church of Durham." 2 This 
description is also printed by Hunter, and from the same 
authority : but here again the language is modernized, 
and there are great inaccuracies in his text. The com- 
pilation is ascribed by Hunter to Prior Wessington, upon 
no authority. In fact, some of the figures represented 
persons who flourished long after Wessington's death. 

The memoranda and letter of Henry the Sixth (Ap- 
pendix II, pp. 122, 123) are also printed by Hunter, p. 
167, but no authority is assigned. We have found them 



1 This " Description " lias since been found in other MSS., and is here 
printed from MS. Rawlinson, B. 300. See above, p. xi. 

2 The reader will be pleased to consider the above as the proper title 
of the first Article in the Appendix, and not "A Description of the Glass 
Histories in the Windows " [Edition 1844]. The correct title is given in this 
edition. 



PREFACE. XIX 

in a manuscript in the Library of Bishop Cosin, B. II. 2, 1 
and have thought it right, by printing them entire, to 
supply Hunter's omissions. 

Appendix III, pp. 124 — 136. The reference to the 
authority for this portion of the Appendix is given in a 
note to p. 124. These inscriptions were printed in 1844 
for the first time, curtailed, however, of much of the history 
which is appended to each in the manuscript, and which 
was probably equally omitted upon the pictures. We have 
now, however, printed at length for the second time such 
biographical notices as are appended to the Saints of 
Lindisfarne, or the Northern Counties, and from them the 
nature of the rest may be ascertained. 

Appendix IV, pp. 137—143. These inscriptions, 
probably upon panels beneath the figures represented, are 
to be found only in the MS. Cosin, B. II. 2, above referred 
to. They were first printed, but inaccurately, by Dr. 
Hunter. 

Appendix V, pp. 144 — 147. A list of the dependants 
or livery men of the Church of Durham, in 15 10, with 
their respective offices, from an entry in one of the 
Bursars' Books, together with the quantity of cloth which 
each received, according to his station. 

Appendix VI, pp. 148 — 158. An abstract of such In- 
dulgences as are preserved in the Treasury, granted to 
those who promoted the building of the Nine Altars, who 
visited in devotion and with gifts the shrine of St. Cuth- 
bert, the various altars and relics of the Church, or who in 
any way contributed to its benefit. These Indulgences 
afford manv valuable dates ; and it is interesting to 



1 " Colleetio Antiquilatum Ecclesiae Dunelmensis, begun ihe 141I1 of 
November, 1660. A transcript of a manuscript which Mr. Greeke hath : 
ended 26 of November, 1600." This volume, which was transcribed at the 
instance of Bishop Cosin, ami contains several directions to the copyist in 
his hand, consists chiefly of extracts from Simeon Dunelm. and Prior 
Wessinglon's Collections relative to the Benedictines in the Durham 
Chapter MS. B. III. 30, hereafter mentioned. 



XX RITES OF DURHAM. 

observe how those dates confirm the character of existing 
architectural details. 

Appendix VII, pp. 159, 160. Notes containing some 
interesting information, now (1903) printed for the first 
time, and supplemented by notes, pp. 296, 297. 

Appendix VIII, pp. 161 — 168. Notes now (1903) 
printed for the first time, and supplemented on pp. 297 — 
301. 

Appendix IX, pp. 169, 170. Curious as giving some 
information as to facts and feelings existing about the 
year 1776. 

Appendix X, p. 171. This interesting little Inventory 
speaks for itself, and helps us to imagine how the other 
altars were furnished. 

Appendix XI, pp. 172 — 191. These extracts from a 
Durham Missal are given at the suggestion of Dr. J. 
Wickham Legg, F.S.A., and are printed from a transcript 
kindly made by him for insertion in this volume. 

The three Plans given in this edition are in some sort 
an afterthought. They were not finally decided on until 
the notes were all printed, or they would have been there 
referred to from time to time. It is hoped that with the 
help of the explanations they will be found useful ; they 
can always be referred to in place of Carter's or any that 
are mentioned in the notes. 

After the notes on page 261 had been printed, it was 
suggested by Mr. W. H. St. John Hope that the cloister 
laver had probably been in the usual situation, "over 
against the frater door," as stated in Rites, ch. xl, and not 
in the middle of the garth, as has long been supposed. 
Many generations have been misled by the marble basin 
having been placed in the middle when the building that 
had sheltered it was demolished. Excavations in the 



PREFACE. XXI 

south-west part of the garth have resulted in the discovery 
not only of the octagonal building described in Rites, but 
oi~ a square one that preceded it, and also of a well at a 
distance of 27 feet from centre to centre, to the north-east. 
The page containing the notes on the laver has 
accordingly been cancelled, and the notes have been 
altered in accordance with the new discoveries, but it was 
impossible to say much about these without greatly 
disturbing other pages. It is hoped, however, that a 
proper account will shortly appear in Arclueologia. 

For convenience of reference, the paging of the edition 
of 1844 is inserted in the pages of this one, and every 
passage to which a note belongs is marked by a small 
asterisk. 

Besides those owners or keepers of MSS. who have 
been mentioned above, there are several friends who have 
rendered great service in connexion with this new edition. 

Mr. Hope has prepared two of the Plans, has made 
two special journeys to Durham in connexion therewith, 
and has written the valuable note on the Sunday 
Procession, besides going through the notes, and making 
many valuable suggestions now embodied in them. 
Among others who have seen the notes in proof must be 
specially named the Rev. W. Greenwell, the Dean of 
Durham, Dr. J. Wickham Legg, and Mr. J. T. Mickle- 
thwaite, who have all pointed out additions and corrections 
by which many of the notes, themselves the labour of 
some years, have been greatly improved. 

J. T. F. 

Durham, 

May, igoj. 



(0 This booke doth conteine a discription or briefe MS. Cosi 

c. 1620. 

declaratio of all the ancient monuments 

Rites and customes, belonginge or beinge w lh in 

the Monasticall Church of durham before 

the suppression written. 1593-* 

. UNIVERSI" 



VJt 

(I. The Nine Altars.)* 1 

First in the front or highest part* of the Church were the 
9 altars dedicated and directed in the honoure of (several) 2 
saints, and of them takinge theire names as the inscription 
hereof shall declare. The altars beinge placed north and 
south one from another, alonge the front of the church. 
In the midst of the front of the church where theise 
9 altars were placed, was the altar of the holy fathers S l 
Cuthbert and S l Bede, hauinge all the foresaid altars 
equally deuided of either hand as on the south hand foure, 
and on the north hand foure on the south were theise 4 
altars following^, 

1 first the altar of S l Oswald and S l Laurence. 

2 The second was the altar of S l Thomas of Canterburye 
and S l Kathern. 

3 The third was the altar of S l John Baptist & S l 
Margarett.* 

4 The fourth was the altar of S l Andrew and Mary 
Magdalene beinge the uttermost altar toward the south. 

[In the South angle of the said Nine Altars next the MS. L. 
Cemetory Garth, commonly called the Centry Garth and ' s ' 
next the said Altar there was an Ambry set* wherein 
Singing-breads* and Wine were usually placed, at which 
the Segerston of the Abbey caused his Servant or Scholar 

' The headings in parentheses, and their numbers throughout, are retained 
from the edition of 1842 for convenience' sake. But arehaistic spelling ot 
modern headings is modernized. The small asterisks are to indicate 
passages on which there are notes at the end of the volume. The figures 
in parentheses are the numbers of the pages in the edition of 1S42. 

-' Secunda manu. 
I 



2 RITES OF DURHAM. 

MS. l., davly to give attendance from six a clock in the Morning 

' ^ ' till the high Masse was ended from out (2) thereof to deliver 

Singing-bread and Wine to those that did assist and help 

the Monks to celebrate and say Masse. L., C, Dav.\ 

MS. Cos., Richard de Bury, Bpp of durha lyeth buryed before 

c. 1 )2o. t j 1 j s Altar vnder a faire marble stone,* wheron his owne 

vmage was most curiously and artificially ingrauen in 

brass with the pictures of the 12 apostles devided 

imbordered [devided & bordred, H. 45, L.] of either side 

of him, and other fine imagery worke a bout it much 

adorninge y e marble stone. 

On the north side of Saint Cuthberts Shrine 
and Saint Bedes altar, were theise 4 followinge 

1 The altar of S l Martin. 

2 The second was the altar of S* Peter and S l Paul. 

3 The third was the Altar of S l Adian (sic) and S l 
Helline. 

4 The fourth was the Altar of the holy Archangell S l 
Michaell beinge the outermost towards the north : be 
twixt the last two Altars lyeth buryed Anthony Beeke 
bpp of durha and Patriarch of Jerusalem in a faire marble 
tombe, under neath a faire marble stone, beinge the first 
Bpp that euer attempted to lye so neere the sacred shrine 
of S l Cuthbert, the wall beinge broken* at the end of the 
allye* for bringinge him in with his coffin, [w ch contynued 
vntill y e suppression of y e Abbey, H. 45]. 

All the fores d 9 altars had theire seuerall shrines* and 
couers of wainscote ouer head* in uerye decent and comely 
forme, hauinge likewise betwixt euerye altar a uerye faire 
and large ptition of wainscott* all uarnished ouer, w th fine 
branches & flowers and other imagerye worke most finely 
and artificially pictured and guilted,* conteyninge the 
seuerall lockers or ambers* for the safe keepinge of the 
uestments and ornaments belonginge to euerye altar, with 

3 or 4 little am ryes in the wall* ptaininge to some of the 
s d altars, for the same use and purpose. 

There is in the East end of the church a goodly faire 
round window called S l Katherns window,* the bredth of 
the quere all of stone uerye finely and cunningly 
wrought and glazed, hauinge in it 24 lights uerye 



THE FERETORY. 3 

artificially made, as it is called geometricall, and the MS. Cos. 
picture of S l Kathern is sett in glass on the right side 
underneath the s d window in a nother glazed window, 
as shee was sett uppon the wheele* to bee tormented to 
death which wheele did burst in peices and caught the 
turners of the s d wheele, and w th the pikes therof all to 
rent them in peices, S l Kat beinge safe hir selfe by the 
prouision of Almightie god and in the s d window was there 
a frame of iron, wherin did stand 9 uery fine cres(3)setts 
of Earthen mettalP filled with tallow w ch euerye night 
was lighted when the day was gone to giue light to the 
nine altars and S l Cuthberts feriture, in that part and ouer 
all the church besides, did burne unto the next morninge 
that the day was broken. 

In the south alley end* of the 9 altars there is a good 
glazed window called S l Cuthberts window,* the w ch hath 
in it all the whole storye life and miracles of that holy 
man S l Cuthbert from his birth of his natiuitie and infancie 
unto the end and a discourse of his whole life, maruelously 
fine and curiously sett forth in pictures in fine coloured 
glass accordinge as he went in his habitte to his dying day 
beinge a most godly and fine storye to behold of that holy 
man S l Cuthbert. 

In the north alley of the s d 9 altars there is another 
goodly faire great glass window called Josephs window 
the w ch hath in it all the whole storye of Joseph* most 
artificially wrought in pictures in fine coloured glass 
accoringe (sic) as it is sett forth in the bible uerye good 
and godly to the beholders therof. 

(II.) In S l Cuthberts feritorye.* 1 

Next to theise 9 altars was the goodly [stately, H. 45] 
monument of Saint Cuthbert adioyinge to the quire and 
the high altar, on the west end reachinge towards the 
9 altars on the east and toward the north and south 
containinge the breadth of the quire in quadrant forme* in 
the midst wherof his sacred shrine* was exalted with most 



' Here, as elsewhere, the heading: gfiven in the MS. is retained where 
there is one. 



4 RITES OF DURHAM. 

MS. Cos., curious workmanshipp of fine and costly [green, H. 45, L., 
C, and Dav.\ marble all limned and guilted with gold hau- 
inge foure seates or places conuenient* under the shrine for 
the pilgrims or laymen [lame or sicke men, H. 45] sittiNge 
on theire knees* to leane and rest on, in time of theire deuout 
offeringes and feruent prayers to God and holy S l Cuthbert, 
for his miraculous releife and succour w ch beinge neuer 
wan tinge made the shrine to bee so richly inuested, that it 
was estimated to bee one of the most sumptuous monuments 
in all England, so great were the offerings and Jewells that 
were bestowed uppon it, and no lesse the miracles that 
were done by it, [wrought att itt, H. 45] euen in theise latter 
dayes* as is more patent [apparent in recordf, H. 45] in 
the history of the Church at large.* 

At the west end of this shrine of S l Cuthbert was a little 
altar* adioyned to it for masse to bee s d on onely uppon the 
(4) great and holy feast of S l Cuthberts day in lent,* at w ch 
solemnitie the holy [Prior and the whole, H. 45] couent 
did keepe open houshold [howse, H. 45] in the frater 
house* and did dine altogether on that day, and on no day 
else in the yeare. And at this feast and certaine other 
festiuall dayes in the time of deuine seruice they were 
accustomed to drawe [vpp, H. 45] the couer* of S l 
Cuthberts shrine 

MS. H. 45, [beinge of Wainescott where vnto was fastned vnto euy 
t- J 55 " corner of y e s d Cover to a loope of Iron a stronge Cord w ch 
Cord was all fest together over y e Midst over y e Cover. 
And a strong rope was fest vnto y e loopes or bindinge of y e 
s d Cordes w ch runn vpp and downe in a pully vnder y e 
Vault* w ch was aboue over S 1 Cuthb : feretorie for y e 
drawinge vpp of y e Cover of the s d shrine and the s d rope 
was fastned to a loope of Iron* in y e North piller of y e 
ferretory : haueinge six silver bells fastned to y e s d rope, soe 
as when y e cover of y e same was drawinge vpp y e belles 
did make such a good sound y l itt did stirr all y e peoples 
harts that was w th in y e Church to repaire vnto itt and to 
make ther praiers to God and holy S l Cuthb: and y l y e 
behoulders might see y e glorious ornam'ts therof : Also 
y e Cover had att euy corner two ringes made fast, w ch did 



THE FERETORY. 5 

runn vpp and downe on fower staves* of Iron when itt was ^ Is - H. 45. 
in drawinge vpp w th staves were fast to euv eorner of y c 
Marble y' S l Cuthb: Coffin did lve vpon, w ch cover was all 
gilded over and of eyther side was painted fower lively 
Images curious to y e beholders and on the East End was 
painted the picture of o r Savio r sittinge on a Rainebowe to 
geive Judgrri 1 very lively to y e behoulders and on the West 
end, of itt was y e picture of o r Lady & o r Savio 1 on her 
knee And on the topp of y e Cover from end to end was 
most fvne [brandishing oi\ L., C. ; Brattishing* of, Ed. H.] 
carved worke cutt owte w th Dragons and other beasts moste 
artificiallv wrought and y e inside was Vernished w th a fyne 
sanguine colour that itt might be more pspicuous to y° 
beholders and att euy corner of y e Cover was a locke* to 
keepe itt close but att such tymes as was fitt to show itt. 
H. 45, L., C, Dav.\ 

that the beholders might see the glorve and ornaments MS. Cos., 

.1 r C. Ib20. 

therof. 

Also within the s d feretorye, both of the north side and 
the south, there was almeryes of fine wenscote,* beinge 
uarnished and finelye painted and gilted finely ouer with 
little images nerve seemly and beautifull to behould, for 
the reliques belonginge to S l Cuthb to lye in, and within 
the s d almeryes, did lye all the holy reliques* [& guifts, H. 
45] that was ofered to that holy man S l Cuthb: and when 
his (5) shrine was drawne, [upp, H. 45] then the s d almeryes 
were opened that euery man y l came thither at that time 
might see the holy reliques therein, [all the holy reliques 
and guifts and Jewells that were in y e Almeries, H. 45] so 
that for the costly reliques and Jewells that was in the same 
almeryes and other reliques that hung a bout within the s (l 
feretorye uppon the irons was accounted to bee the most 
sumptuous and richest Jewells in all this land, with the 
beautifullness of the fine little Images that did stand in the 
french peir" within the feretorye, for great was the gifts and 
godly deuotion of kinges and queenes and other estates at 
that time towards God and holy S 1 Cuthbert in that Church. 

Within this feretorye of S l Cuthb: there was many fine 
little picturs of seuerall sorts [Saints, Ed. II.] of ymagery 



6 RITES OF DURHAM. 

MS. Cos., worke all beinge of Alabaster set in the frontispice [French- 
peire, H. 45,>C. ; French quire, L.] in theire seuerall places, 
the pictures beinge uerye curiously engrauen and gilt, and 
the Neuelles Crosse and bull head [for his Creast beinge, H. 
45J sett uppon the height [on height, H. 45] and of either 
side of the 2 dores* in the s d french peire [quire, L. ; piere, 
C] besides, and also in diuers other places of the french 
peire [which Feretory & French quire, L. ; pierre, Dav.} was 
made at the charges of John Neuill, as may appeare at 
large in the historie of the church. 

At the east end of S l Cuthb : feretorie there was wrought 
uppon the height of the irons* towards the 9 altars uery 
fine candlesticks of iron like unto socketts w ch had lights 
sett in them before day that euerye monke might haue the 
more light to see to read uppon their bookes at the s d 9 
altars, when they said masse, and also to give light to all 
others that came thither to heare and see the diuine seruice. 

MS. L., [The King of Scotts Ancient* and his Banner with the 
l6 S 6 - Lord Nevells Banner, and diverse other Noblemens 
Ancients were all brought to S l Cuthberts Feretorie, and 
there the said Lord Nevell, [after y e battel done* in moste 
solemne and humble manner, H. 45] did make his petition 
to God and that holy man S l Cuthbert [to accept his 
offeringe, H. 45] and did offer the aforesaid Jewells and 
Banners [and y e holy rood crosse* w ch was taken on y e 
Kinge of Scotts, H. 45] to the Shrine of that holy and 
blessed man S l Cuthbert within the Feretorie ; [and soe 
after his orisons pformed to god and S l Cuthb : he 
depted, H. 45] and there the said Banners and Ancients 
did stand, and hung untill the Suppression of the house : 
the Lord Nevells Banner staff was all writhen [wrought, H. 
45] about with Iron [all wrythen* about with Iron, Ed. H.] 
from the midst upward, and did stand and was bound to the 
Irons on the North end of (6) the Feretorie and the King of 
Scotts Banner was bound to the midst of the said Irons [to 
y e Midst of y e ferritorie, H. 45] and did hang on [over, 
H. 45] the midst of the Alley of the Nine Altars, and was 
fastned w th a cord to a loup of Iron* being in a pillar under 
S l Katherines Window in the East end of the Church, and 



THE QUIRE. 7 

a little after the suppression of the house they were all &fS. L., 
taken down, spoiled and defaced that the memory thereof 
should he clean taken away [obliterated, II. 45] being hoth 
a great honour unto the Realm, and decent Ornament unto 
the Church. L., C, Davies.] [& an honno r to the Real me 
beinge v° Ensignes <.V' Trophies of ther great Yietories, 
H. 45]- " 

(III.) The Quire. 

In the East end of the quire ioyninge uppon S l Cuthberts MS " g OS- 
feriture stood the high altar beinge the goodliest [& moste 
stately, H. 45] altar in all the church and a nerve rich 
thinge with many pretious and costlv ornaments appertain- 
ing to it both for euerv prineipall day as also for euery 1 
[of o 1 La : II. 45, L., C, and Dav.\ dayes betwixt 
the s d high altar and S l Cuthberts feriture is all of [y c , 
H. 45] french peere uerye curiously wrought both of the 
inside and outside with faire images of Alabaster being 
most finely gilted beinge called in the antient history" the 
Laordose' the s d curious workmanshipp of french peere or 
Laordose reachinge in hight almost to the middle vault, 
and containinge the breath of the quire in lengthe in the 
midst wherof right over 2 the said hye altar were artificially 
placed in uery fine Alabaster the picture of our lady 
standinge in the midst, and the picture of S l Cuthb: on the 
one side and the picture of S l Oswald on the other beinge 
all richly gilded and at either end of the s d altar was a 
wande of iron fastened in the wall, wheron did hang 
curtaines or hanginges' of white silke dayly, the dayly 
ornaments that were hunge both before the altar and 
a boue were of red ueluett, wrought with great flowers 
of gold in imbroydered worke with many goodly pictures 
besides, beinge uerye finely gilted, but the ornaments 
for the prineipall feast w ch was the assumption of our 
lady were all of white damaske all besett with pearle 
and pretious stones which made the ornaments more rich 
and gorgeous to behould. [Att eyther end was a place to 
keepe y* w dl ornam ls w h were of white Damaske and such 
like stuffe, H. 45]. 



A blank left hero in Cos. MS. MS. bas "righl on. 



O RITES OF DURHAM. 

Cos., Within the s d quire ouer the high Altar did hang a rich 
1 6 jo. 

(7) and most sumptuous Canapie for the Blessed sacrament 
to hang within it which had 2 irons fastened* in the french 
peere uery finely gilt w ch held the canapie ouer the midst of 
the s d high Altar (that the pix did hange in it* that it could 
not moue nor stirr) wheron did stand a pellican* all of 
siluer uppon the height of the s d Canopie uerye finely 
gilded giuinge hir bloud to hir younge ones, in token that 
Christ did giue his bloud for the sinns of the world, and it 
was goodly to behould for the blessed sacrament to hange 
in, and a marueilous faire pix that the holy blessed 
sacrament did hange in w ch was of most pure fine gold 
most curiously wrought of gold smith worke, and the white 
cloth* that hung ouer the pix was of uerye fine lawne all 
embroydered and wrought aboue [about, L., C] with gold 
and red silke, And 4 great and round knopes of gold marue- 
lous and cunningly wrought with great tassells of gold and 
redd silke hangingeat them, and at the 4 corners of the white 
lawne cloth. And the crooke that hung within the cloth 
that the pix did hang on was of gold and the cords that did 
draw it upp and downe was made of fine white strong 
silke. And when the monkes went to say or singe the high 
masse, they put on theire uestments [they were vested, H. 
45] in the vestrye [Revestry, L., C, Dav.\ both the epistoler 
and the gospeller* they were alwayes reuest in the same 
place, and when the office of the masse* began to be 
sung, the epistoler came out of the revestrie, and the other 2 
monkes following him all 3 arow* at the south quire dore 
and there did stand to [vntill, H. 45] the gloria patri of the 
office of the masse* began to bee sunge, and then with 
great reuerence and deuotion they went all [three, L., C, 
Dav.\ upp to the high Altar (and one of the uergers that 
kept the uestrie, did goe before them with a tipt staffe in his 
hand as it was his office so to doe) bowinge themselues 
most reuerently to the blessed sacrament of the Altar, the 
one on the on side of him that s d the masse and the other 
of the other side, also the gospeller [Epistler, H. 45] did 
carrye a maruelous faire booke which had the Epistles and 
Gospells in it, & did lay it on the altar the which booke had 
on the outside of the coueringe the picture of our sauiour 



THE QUIRE. 9 

Christ all of siluer of goldsmiths worke all pcell gilt uerye Ms - < ' os ' 
fine to behould, w** booke did serue for the pax in the 

masse. The epistoler when he had sung- the epistle did lay 
the booke againe on the altar and after when the gospell 
was sunge the gospeller did lay it downe on the altar, untill 
the masse was done. And the masse beinge ended they 
went all 3 into the reuestrie from whence they came and 
carved the (8) booke with them, and one of the uergers 
meetinge them at the south quire dore after the same sort 
they came and went before them into the uestrie. 

Also there was perteininge to the high Altar 2 goodly 
Chalices one was of gold, the other of siluer, and double 
gilt, and all the foote of it [them, H. 45] sett full of precious 
stones, that of gold was for principall dayes and the other 
was to serue euerye day, likewise there was perteininge 
to the high altar, two goodly gilt basons of siluer,* one 
for principall dayes double gilt a great large one, and the 
other bason for euerye day, not so large beinge parcell gilt 
and grauen all ouer, and two gilt Cruitts* that did hold a 
quart a peece parcell gilt and grauen all ouer, and other 2 
lesser Crewetts for euerye day all of siluer, one payer of 
siluer Censors for euerye double feast double gilded, and 2 
paire of siluer censors parcell gilt and the cheines also for 
euery day with 2 shipps* of siluer parcell gilt for principall 
dayes, and other two of siluer ungilt for euerye day, to 
carry e franki licence in 

[one pair of silver Censors for everv day, and two pair of 
silver Censors for every feast double guilted [for euery 
double feaste ungilted. C] And two pair of silver Sensors 
pcell guilt and the chaines also for everv principal day, 
with two shipps oi Silver peel guilt for principal dayes, 
and other two of Silver unguilt for every day, to carry 
frankincense in. L., C, Dav.], 

and 2 siluer double gilded candlesticks' for 2 tapers 
uery finely wrought of 3 [two, H. 45] quarters* high to bee 
taken in sunder with wrests,* other two siluer candlesticks 
for euerye dayes seruice pcell gilt with rich and sumptuous 
furnitures for euerye festiuall day o( Changeable suites, 



IO RITES OK DURHAM. 

MS. Cos., diiiers of the uestments was sett all round about both 
stooles and fannels,* there was also other uery rich and 
costly iewells & ornaments that was ptelninge to the s d 
high Altar. 

Also there was 2 [faire, H. 45] Crosses to bee borne* [to 
be carryed in recession, H. 45] on principall dayes, the one 
of gold, and the staffe that it did stand on to beare it 
withall was all of siluer, and goldsmiths worke uerye 
curiously and finely wrought and double gilt, and the other 
crosse was of siluer and double gilt and the staffe of it was 
of wood that it did stand on after the same workmanshipp 
and double gilt 1 [fare guilt, L. ; faire gilt, C.]. 

(IV. The Quire — The Paschal.) 

Also there was a goodly monument pertaininge to the 
Church called the pascall* w ch was wont to bee sett upp in 
the quire (9) and there to remaine from the thursday called 
Maundye thursday' before Easter untill Wednesday after 
the assention day that did stand uppon a foure square 
thick planke of wood against the first grees or stepp hard 
behind the 3 basons of siluer that hung before the high 
altar, in the midst of the s d greese is a nick* wherein on 
of the corners of the s d planke was placed, and at euerye 
corner of the planke was an iron ringe wherunto the feete 
of the pascall were adioyned, representinge the pictures of 
the foure flyinge dragons, [att each Corner one, H. 45] as 
also the pictures of the 4 Euangelists [w th six faire 
Candlesticks for six tapers to stand in, H. 45] aboue the 
tops of the dragons underneath the nethermost bosse, all 
supportinge the whole pascall and [in] the 4 quarters haue 
beene foure Christall stones, and in the 4 small dragons 4 
heads 4 christall stones as by the holes doe appeare and 
on euerye side of the 4 dragons there is curious antick 
worke as beasts and men uppon horsbacks with bucklers 
bowes and shafts, and knotts with broad leaues spred 
uppon the knotts uery finely wrought all beinge of most 
fine and curious candlestick mettall [or Latten* Mettal 
glistring as y c Gold it self having six Candlesticks or 

' No break here in the MS. 



THE PASSION. I I 

Flowers of Candlestick mettall, added by Dr. Hunter, in -^ s - < > ,s - 
the margin] coiiiinge from it three o( euerye side wheron 
did stand in euerye of the s d flowers or candlestick a taper 
of wax and on the height of the s d candlestick or pascall of 
lattine was a faire large tlower beinge the principall flower 
w^ 1 was the 7 candlestick, the pascall in latitude did 
containe almost the bredth of the quire in longitude that 
did extend to the height of the [Lower, H. 45] uault 
wherein' did stand a long peece of wood reach inge within 
a mans length [height, H. 45] to the uppermost uault 
roofe of the church, wheron stood a great long square 
tap of wax [a lardge square wax tap, H. 45] called the 
pascall a fine conueyance threoigh the s d roofe' of the 
church to light the tap withal! in conclusion the pascall 
was estimated to bee one of the rarest monuments in all 
England. 

(V. The Quirk)— The Passion/ 

Within the Abbye Church of Durha uppon good friday 
[theire was, H. 45] maruelous solemne seruice, in the w ch 
seruice time after the passion was sung" two of the eldest 
[Ancient, Dav.] monkes did take a goodly large crucifix 
all of gold of the picture* of our sauiour Christ nailed 
uppon the crosse lyinge uppon a ueluett cushion, hauinge 
St. Cuth(io)berts armes uppon it all imbroydered w th gold 
bringinge that betwixt them uppon the s d cushion to the 
lowest greeces [stepps, H. 45] in the quire, and there 
betwixt them did hold the s d picture of our sauiour sittinge 
of euery side [on ther knees, H. 45] of that, and then one 
of the s d monkes did rise and went a prettye way from it 
sittinge downe uppon his knees with his shooes put o( 
uerye reuerently did creepe away uppon his knees unto the 
s d crosse and most reuerently did kisse it, and after him 
the other monke did so likewise [all v c other Monckes, H. 
45], and then they did sitt them downe on euery [of evther, 
H. 45] side of the s d crosse and holdinge it betwixt them, 
and after that [them, H. 45 J the prior came forth of his 
stall, and did sitt him downe of his knees with his shooes 
of and in like sort did creepe also unto the S d crosse [and 
all the monkes after him one after an nother, in the same 



12 RITES OF DURHAM. 

ms. Cos., order, and not in H. 45], in the meane time all the whole 
quire singinge an Himne, : the seruice beinge ended 
the two [two not in H. 45] monkes did carrye it to the 
sepulchre w th great reuerence, w ch sepulchre was sett upp 
in the morninge* on the north side of the quire nigh to the 
high altar before the seruice time and there did lay it within 
the s d sepulchre, with great deuotion with another picture 
of our sauiour Christ, in whose breast they did enclose 
with great reuerence the most holy and blessed sacrament 
of the altar senceinge [singinge, H. 45] and prayinge vnto 
it uppon theire knees a great space settinge two taper 
lighted before it, w ch tapers did burne unto Eas\er day in 
the morninge that it was taken forth. 

(VI. The Quire) — The resurrection.* 

There was in the abbye church of duresme uerye 
solemne seruice uppon easter day betweene 3 and 4 of the 
clocke in the morninge in honour of the resurrectio where 
2 of the oldest monkes of the quire came to the sepulchre, 
beinge sett vpp upon good friday after the passion all 
couered with redd ueluett and embrodered with gold, and 
then did sence it either monke with a paire of siluer 
sencors sittinge on theire knees before the sepulchre, then 
they both risinge came to the sepulchre, out of the which 
w th great reverence they tooke a maruelous beautifull 
Image of our sauiour* representinge the resurrectio with a 
crosse in his hand in the breast wherof was enclosed in 
bright [moste pure, H. 45] Christall the holy sacrament 
of the altar, throughe the w ch christall the blessed host was 
conspicuous, (11) to the behoulders, then after the 
eleuation of the s d picture carryed by the s d 2 monkes 
uppon a faire ueluett cushion all embrodered singinge the 
anthem of christus resurgens* they brought to the high 
altar settinge that on the midst therof whereon it stood 
the two monkes kneelinge on theire knees before the altar, 
and senceing it all the time that the rest of the whole quire 
was in singinge the fores d anthem of Xpus resurgens, the 
which anthem beinge ended the 2 monkes tooke up the 
cushines and the picture from the altar supportinge it 



ALMERIES — LETTERNS — BASINS. 1 3 

betwixt them, proceeding in processio from the high altar Ms - Cos. 
to the south quire dore where there was 4 antient gentle- 
men* belonginge to the prior appointed to attend theire 
cofningc holdinge upp a most rich cannopye of purple 
ueluett tached* round about [tashed about, L., C] with redd 
silke, and [a goodly, Dav.] gold fringe, and at euerve 
corner did stand one of theise ancient gentlemen to beare 
it ouer the s d Image, with the holy sacrament carried by 
two monkes round about the church the whole quire 
waitinge uppon it with goodly torches and great store oi 
other lights, all singinge reioyceinge and praising god 
most deuoutly till they came to the high altar againe, 
wheron they did place the s d Image there to remaine 
until! the assencion day. 

There was a nother crosse of Xpall* that serued for 
euerve day in the weeke, there was borne before the crosse 
euerve principall day a holy water font [fatt, H. 45] 
of siluer* uery finely grauen and pcell gilt, which one of 
the nouices* did carrye. 

(VII. The Quire — Almeries* — Letterns — Basins.) 

In the north side of the quire there is an almerye neere 
to the high altar fastened in the wall for to lav any thinge 
in ptaininge to the high altar. Likewise there is another 
almerye in the south side of the quire nigh the high altar 
enclosed in the wall to sett the challices the basons and the 
crewetts in that they did minister withal! at the high masse 
with locks and keys for the said almerves. 

At the jiorth end of the high altar, there was a goodly 
fine letteron [Lettern, H. 45] of brasse where they sunge 
the epistle and the gospell,* with a gilt pellican on the 
height [Topp, H. 45] of it* finely gilded pullinge hir bloud 
out hir breast to hir young ones, and winges spread 
abroade wheron did lye the book that they did singe the 
epistle and the gosple, it was thought to bee the goodlvest 
[fairest, H. 45] letteron of brasse (12) that was in all this 
cuntrye it was all to bee taken in sunder with wrests euerv 
ioynt from other, [it went all in hemes' to take asonder 
att plesure, 1 1. 45 J. 



14 RITES OF DURHAM. 

MS. Cos., Also ther was lowe downe in the quere another Lettorn 
of brasse (not so curiously wroughte) standinge in the midst* 
against the stalls, a marueilous faire one, with an eagle on 
the height of it, and hir winges spread a broad wheron the 
monkes did lay theire bookes when they sung theire 
legends, at mattens or at other times of seruice. 

[where the Moncks did singe ther Legends at Mattins & 
other tymes. W ch same stood theire* vntill y e yeare 1650 
when y L " Scotts were sent prisoners from Dunbarr feight ' and 
putt prisoners into y e Church where they burned vpp all y e 
wood worke* in regard they hadd noe Coales allowed them : 
And ther was a fellowe one Brewen appointed to looke to 
y e Scotts by S r Arthure Haslerigg* barronett, then 
Goiino 1 of Newcastle & y e fower Northeran Counties w ch 
conveyed the s d brasse letterne & Eagle away & many 
other thinges apptayninge to y e Church & sould them for 
his owne gaine, a man of a badd conscience & a Cruell 
fellowe to y e poore prisoners.* H. 45, c. 1655]. 

Before the high altar within the quire aboue mentioned 
were 3 marueilous faire siluer basins* [att y e stepps as one 
goes vpp, H. 45] hung in chaines of siluer, one of them did 
hange in the south side of the quire aboue the stepps that 
go upp to the high altar, the second on the north side 
opposite to the first the third in the midst betweene them 
both and iust before the high altar, theise 3 siluer basons 
had lattin basons within them hauinge pricks for serges or 
gilt wax candles to stand on, the lattin basons beinge to 
receiue the drops of the 3 candles, w ch did burne continually 
both day and night, in token that the house was alwayes 
watch inge to god. 

Ther was also another siluer bason which did hang in 
siluer chaines before the sacrament of the fores d high altar 
but nerer to the high altar then the other 3. as almost 
dependinge or hanging ouer the priests back, which was 
only lighted in time of masse and therafter extinguished. 

(VIII. The Quire — Ludovick de Bellomonte.) 

Ludovick de Bellomonte* Bpp of Durha lyeth buried 
before the high altar in the quire beneath the stepps that 
goe upp to the s d high altar, under a most curious and 



LUDOVICK DE BELLOMONTE. 1 5 

sumptvus marble storm* w ch he ppared for himselfe before MS - Cos., 
hee dyed beinge adorned with most excellent workman-( 13) 
shipp of brasse wherein hee was most excellently and liuelv 
pictured as hee was accustomed to singe or say masse with 
his mitre on his head, and his crosiers staffe in his hand 
with two angells finely pictured, one of the one side of his 
head and the other on the other side with censors in theire 
hands sensinge him conteining most exquisite pictures, 
and Images of the 12 apostles deuided and bordered of 
cither side of him and next them is bordered on either side 
of the 12 apostles in a nother border the pictures of his 
ancestors in theire coat armour beinge of the blond rovall 
of france, and his owne amies of france beinge a white lvon 
placed uppon the breast of his uestment, beneath his uerses 
of his breast* with flower debtees about the lyon, 2 lyons 
pictured one under the one foote of him and another under 
the other of him supportinge and holdinge upp his crosiers 
staffe his feete adioyninge and standinge uppon the said 
lyons and other two lyons beneath them in the nethermost 
border of all, beinge most artificially wrought and sett forth 
all in brasse marueilously beautifyinge the s d through 
of marble* wherin was engrauen in brasse such diuine and 
celestiall sayinge of the scripture w ch hee had peculiarly 
selected for his spirituall consolation at such time as it 
should please god to call him out of his mortalitie, wherof 
some of them" are legeable to this day, as theise that 
follow, 

Epitaphium* eius. „. 

In Gallia natus de bello monte 

iacet hie Lodouicus humatus 
Nobilis ex fonte 

Regum comitumque creatus 

Prassull in hac sede Ca^li letetur in ede 
Preteriens siste memorans quantus fuit iste 
Ca^lo qua dignus iustus pius atq' benignus 

Dapsilis ac hilaris inimicus semper amaris* 
Sup caput. 

Credo quod redemptor metis uiuit qui in nouissimo 
die me resuscitabit ad uitam eternani, et in carne 
mea uidebo ileum saluatorem meum. 



l6 RITES OF DURHAM. 

MS - Cos -- In pectore. 

Reposita est hasc spes mea in sinu meo Domine 
miserere 

Ad dextram 
(14) Consors sit Sanctis Lodouicus in arce tonantis 
Ad sinistram 
Spiritus ad Christum qui sanguine liberat ipsum.* 

(IX. The Quire — The Organs). 

There was 3 paire of organs belonginge to the said quire 
for maintenance of gods seruice, and the better selebratinge 
therof one of the fairest paire of the 3 did stand ouer the 
quire dore only opened and playd uppon at principall 
feastes, the pipes beinge all of most fine wood, and 
workmanshipp uerye faire partly gilted uppon the inside 
and the outside of the leaues* and couers up to the topp 
with branches and flowers finely gilted with the name of 
Jesus [J H S., H. 44] gilted with gold there was but 2 paire 
more of them in all England of the same makinge, one 
paire in Yorke and another in Paules, ^ 

[but ther was a paire att y e cominge in of y e Scottes 
1640* farr exceeded all w ch they destroyed, H. 45]. 

also there was a letterne of wood* like unto a pulpit 
standinge and adioyninge- to the wood organs ouer the 
quire dore, where they had wont to singe the 9 lessons* in 
the old time on principall dayes standinge with theire faces 
towards the 9 altars {altered to high altar). 1 

The second paire stood on the north side of the quire 
beinge neuer playd uppon but when the 4 doctors of the 
church was read,* viz. Augustine Ambrose Gregorye and 
Jerome beinge a faire paire of large organs called the 
cryers.* 

The third paire* was dayly used at ordinary seruice. 

(X. The Quire — Book of Benefactors, Relics, &c.) 

There did lye on the high altar an excellent fine [faire 
rich, H. 45] booke* uerye richly couered with gold and 
siluer conteininge the names of all the benefactors towards 
S l Cuthberts church from the first originall foundation 

1 MSS. H. 44, L., have " high altar" ; C. has " the Alter." 



THE NORTH' ALLEY OF THE QUIRE. 17 

thereof, the uerve letters for the most part beinge all gilded My - Cos - 
as is apparent in the said (15) booke till this day the 
layinge that booke on the high altar did show how highly 
they esteemed their founders and benefactors, and the 
dayly and quotidian remembrance they had of them in the 
time of masse and diuine seruice did argue not onely their 
gratitude, but also a most diuine and charitable affection to 
the soules of theire benefactors as well dead as liuinge, 
which booke* is as vett extant declaringe the s d use in the 
inscription thereof. There is also another famous booke* : 
as yett extant conteininge the reliques Jewe(l)s ornaments 
and uestments that were giuen to the church by all those 
founders for the further adorninge of gods seruice whose 
names were of record in the said booke that dyd lye uppon 
the high altar, as also they are recorded in this booke of 
the afore said reliques and Jewells to the euerlastinge 
praise and memorye of the giuers and benefactors therof. 

(XL) The north allye of the quire. 

At the east end of the north alley of the quire betwixt 
two pillars opposite was the goodlyest fake porch w ch was 
called the Amanchoridge hauinge in it a marueillous faire 
roode with the most exquisite pictures of Marye and John 
with an altar for a monke to say dayly masse beinge an 1 
antient time inhabited with an Anchorite, wherunto the 
Pretors 2 were wont much to frequent both for the 
excellency of the place as also to heare the masse standinge 
so conueniently unto the high altar, and withall so neere 
a neighbour to the sacred shrine of S 1 Cuthbert, wherunto 
the Prior(s) were most deuoutly adicted the entrance to 
this porch or Anchoridge was upp a paire of faire staires* 
adiovninge to the north dore of St. Cuthberts feretorie, 
under the w ch staires the pascall did lye,* and in the time of 
lent the children of the aumerie* were enioyned to come 
thither daylye to dresse trim' and make it bright against 
y u pascall feast. 

1 Read "in." 
II. 44 also Has this mistake; read "Priors,'' as below, in L, and C, 
and in tin- editions. 



1 8 RITES OF DURHAM. 

MS. Cos., i n thi s north allye of the Quire betwixt 2 pillars on the 
south side before S l Blese altar (afterwards called Skirlawes 
Altar) lyeth buryed Walter Skirlawe Bpp of Durh4 under a 
faire marble stone'' uery sumptuously [curiously, H. 45] 
besett with many brasen Images, [brasse pictures, H. 45] 
hauinge his owne Image [picture, H. 45] most artificially 
portred in brasse in the midst therof with this sainge 
engrauen uppon his brest, (16) 

Credo quod redemptor metis uiuit et in die 
nouissimo de terra surrecturus sum et in came mea 
uidebo deum saluatorem meum. 

[the place of his sepulcher was in Ancyent tyme invy- 
roned w th Irons' artificially wrought but of late tyme his 
body was taken vpp and interred before y high alter &* the 
same stone layde over hym and a stall 1 or pewe placed 
theire for gentlewomen" to sitt in, H. 45. His body was 
not removed"' onely the stone,' H. 45, marg. note in a later 
hand]. 

Right ouer the entrance of this north Allye goinge to the 
song scoole* which scople was heretofore the segresters 
exchequer,* ther was a porch adioyninge to the quire* on 
the south and S l Bendicts altar* on the north the porch 
hauinge in it an altar and the roode or picture of our 
sauiour, w ch altar and roode was much frequented in 
deuotion of D tr Swallwell* sometime monke of Durham 
the said Rood hauinge marueilous sumptuous furniture for 
festiuall dayes belonginge to it. 

(XII.) The south allye of the quire. 

At the east end of the south allye of the quire opposite to 
the fores d porch in the north allye was a most faire roode 
or picture* of our sauiour in siluer called the black Roode 
of Scotland* brought out of holy Rood house," by Kinge 
- Dauid Bruce and was wonn at the battaile of Durham 
-with the picture of our ladye on the one side, and S l Johns 
on the other side uerye richly [wrought] 2 in siluer all 3 
hauinge crownes of gold with a deuice or wrest" to 
take them of or on beinge adorned with fine wainscote. 

1 Underlined. - Added secunda manu. 



THE SOUTH ALLEY OF THE QUIRE. ' 19 



L. 
56. 



[At y Hast end of the South Alley adjoyning to the Ms - ' 
pillar next S' Cuthberts Feretorie, next the Quire door on 
the south side there was a most fair Roodc or picture of 
our Saviour,' called the black rood of Scotland with the 
picture of Mary & lohn being brought out of holy rood 
house in Scotland by King David Bruce, and was wonnc 
at the battle of Durham with the picture of our Lady on 
the one side of our Saviour and the picture of S l lohn on 
the other side, the which Rood and pictures were all three 
very richly wrought in silver, the which were all smoked 
black over, being large pictures of a Yard and five quarters 
long, and on every one of their heads, a Crowne of pure 
bett gold of goldsmiths work with a devise or wrest to take 
them of or on. And on the backside of the said rood and 
pictures, there was a peice of work that they were fastned 
unto being all adorned with fine Wainscot work and 
curious painting well befitting such costly pictures from 
the middle pillar (middle piller, C. ; midst of the Pillar, 
Dav.) up to the height of the Vault, the which wainscott 
was all redd Varnished over very finely, and all sett full 
of starres of Lead, every starre finely guilted over with 
gold, and also the said roode and pictures had every 
of them an Iron stickt fast in the back part of the said 
Images that had a hole in the said Irons, that went 
through the Wainscott to put in a pinn of Iron to make 
them fast to the Wainscott. L., C] 

Thomas Hattfeild Bpp of Durham lyeth buried ouer 
against the Reuestrye doore in the south Allye of the 
quire betwixt 2 pillars under the bPP s seate* w ch hee did (17) 
make before hee died his tombe beinge all of Alabaster,* 
whereunto was adioyned a little altar" which hee prepared 
for a monke to say masse for his soule after his death the 
Altar beinge inuironed with an iron grate. [This nioiuim' 
remaynes still undefaced, H. 45. His scutcheon, Azure a 
ehevoron or betwixt ,^ lyons ramp 1 argent, 1 1. 45, _" / " man it. \ 

Within this South alley of the quire was the uestrye 
[Revestrie, L., Dav.] wher the BPP or his sufraigne had a 
peculiar Altar* where they did use to say masse onely at 
such times as they were to consecrate priests, or to giue 
any holv orders. 



20 RITES OF DURHAM. 

v 

MS. Cos., (XIII.) The Crosse alive* of the lanthorne before the 

C. IO20. J 

quire dore goinge north and south. 
In the former part* of the quire of either side the west 
dore or cheife entrance therof without the quire dore in the 
lanthorne were placed in theire seuerall roomes' one aboue 
another the most excellent pictures, all gilted uerye 
beautifull to behould of all the kinges and queenes," as well 
of Scotland as England which weere deuout and godly 
founders and benefactors of this famous Church and sacred 
monument of S l Cuthbert to incite and prouoke theire 
posteritie to the like religious endeauours in theire seuerall 
successions whose names hereafter followeth.* 

Edgarus rex Scotorum 

Katherina regina Angliae 

Dauid Broys rex Scotorum 

Richardus secundus rex Scotorum 1 

Alexander rex Scotorum 

Henricus quartus rex Angliae 

Richardus primus rex Angliae 

Alexander rex Scotorum 

Matilda regina Angliae 

Dauid rex Scotorum 

Eduardus 3 rex Angliae 

Henricus 2 rex Angliae 

Eduardus primus rex Angliae 

Henricus quintus rex Angliae 

Alexander rex Scotorum 

Sibilla regina Scotorum 

Gulielmus Rufus rex Angliae 

Richardus tertius rex Angliae 

Gulielmus conquestor rex Angliae 

Heraldus rex Angliae 
(18) Johannes rex Angliae 

Eduardus secundus rex Angliae 

Ethelstanus rex Angliae 

Stephanus rex Angliae 

Matilda regina Angliae 

Kenute rex Angliae 

1 So in MSS. Cosin and H. 44, but corrected to "Angliae" in the 
editions. MS. L. has '* Anglorum," MS. C, "Angliae," 



THE CROSS ALLEY OF THE LANTERN. CI 

Melcomus rex Scotorum - Ms - lns -. 

Dunconus rex Scotorum 

Henricus 3 rex Angliae 

Helinora regina Anglian 

Henricus primus Angliaj rex 

Elinora regina Anglian 

Melcomus rex Scotorum 

Gulielmus rex Scotorum. 

[Some M ds {memorandums) owte of y c recordes of y c MS. H. 45, 
Church of Durham w ch my ould booke wolde not contayne. c " ' ss " 

Att y e entrance of y e Ouier doore the pictures or statues 
of y e seilall Benefactors and founders of y e Church of 
Durham dedicated to S l Cuthbert were placed whose names 
are thus 

Edgarus rex Scotor 
Catherina regina Angli 
David Bruce rex Scot 
Ric'us prim' , rex Angli 
Alexander rex Scotor' 
Hen cus quartus rex Ang 
Matilda regina Angl 
Ed r ' us 3 rex Angli 
Henr: 2 rex Angli 
Ed s primus rex Ang 
Henr: 5 rex Angli 
Sibilla regina Scotor' 
Willms rufus rex Ang 
Ric'us 3 rex Angli 
Willms conquestor rex Anglie 
Harold' rex Anglie 
Joh'es rex Anglie 
Ed r ' us 2 rex Angli 
Ethelstan rex Anglie 
Steph : rex Anglie 
Matilda regina Anglie 
Canutus rex Anglie 
Malcolme rex Scotor' 
Duncanus rex Scotor' 
Henr: 3 rex Anglie 



22 RITES OF DURHAM. 

MS. H. 45, ( io ^ Elinora regina Anglie 

Henr: prim^ rex Anglie 
Willms rex Scotor' H. 45]. 

MS. Cos., j n t j ie lanthorne called the new worke* was hanging^ 
c. 1620. . fe & 

there 3 fine [goodly, H. 45] bells which bells was runge 

euer at midnight at 12 of the clock, for the monkes went 

euermore to theire mattens at that houre of the night, there 

was 4 men appointed to ringe the said bells at midnight, 

and at all such other times of the day as the monkes went 

to serue god, two of the s d men apperteininge to the 

uestrye w ch allwayes kept the copes with the uestments and 

fiue paire of siluer sensors with all such goodly ornaments 

pteininge to the high Altar which 2 men did lye euerye 

night in a Chamber ouer the west end of the s d uestrye' and 

the other 2 men did lye euerye night within the s cl church 

in a chamber in the north allye* ouer against the sextons 

Checker : theise 2 men did alwayes sweepe and keepe the 

church cleanly and did fill the holy water stones* euerye 

Sunday in the morninge with cleane water before it came to 

be hallowed,* and did lock in the church dores euerye 

night. 

Also there is standinge in the south pillar of the quire 
doore of the lanthorne in a corner of the s d pillar a foure 
squared stonn w ch hath beene finely wrought in euerye 
square* a faire large Image, whereon did stand a foure 
squared stone aboue that w ch had 12 cressetts wrought in 
that stone w ch was filled with tallow" and euerye night one 
of them was lighted" when the day was gone, and did burne 
to giue light to the monkes at midnight when they came to 
mattens. 



(XIV.) The north allye of the lantren. 

John Washington* prior of Durha lyeth buryed under a 
faire marble stone with his uerses [Epitaphe, H. 45] 
engrauen in brasse uppon it, before the porch ouer the 
entrance of the north allye as you goe to the song scoole 
adioyninge to S l Bendicts altar. 



AN ANCIENT MEMORIAL. 2 7, 

Robert Berington* de Walworth prior of Durham did Ms - Cos., 
first obtaine the use of the mitre with the staffe, lice Iveth 
buryed under a faire marble stone beinge pictured from the 
waste upp in brasse on the north side of prior Washington 
in the north plage" ouer against S 1 Benedicts altar, beinge 
the first of the 3 Altars in the north plage. 

Next to S l Benedicts altar on the north is S l Gregoryes 
altar beinge the second altar. (20) 

(XV.) An auntient 1 memoriall collected forthe of y e Roil, 

., ' c. 1600. 

best antiquaries concerni g y e battel 1 at durh'm 
in John Fossour tyme. 

[A collec'on forth of the best Antiquities of Durham 
church of y c battell fought theireag 1 Daved Bruce kinge of 
Scottf and his brother in y e tyme y l John Forcer was Lord 
Prior : w ch was thus. H. 45]. 

In the night before y e battell of Durh m stricken & begun 
[was petched, H. 45] the xvij [xviij th , H. 45] daie of October, 
An° d'ni 1346. ther did appeare to Johne Fossour then por 
of y e abbey at Durh m , a visio, cofnanding him to taike y e 
holie corporax cloth, w ch was w th in y e corporax* wherew 1 ' 1 
S l Cuthb: did cover the chalice when he vsed to say masse, 
and to put y e same holie Relique like vnto a ban clothe 
[banner cloth, Cos.] vpo (a) speare point, & on y e morrowe 
after to goe & repaire to a place on y e west pte of y e citie of 
Durh m called y c Readhillf* And there to remayne & abyde 
till y e end of y e said battell, to w ch visio y e por obeyinge, 
& taiking y e same for a Revelac'6 of gods grace & nicy by 
y e medyac'on of holie S l Cuthb: did accordingly early in V 
next morninge together w lh y Mounkf of y e said abbay, 
repaire to y* said place called y e Readhillt.' there most 
devoutly humbling [themselues, Cos.] & pstrating them 
selves in praier* for y c victorie in y e said battell, a 
great multitude and nombcr of scottf Runing & pressinge 
by them both one waie and other, w lh intentio to 
haue spoiled them, but yett they had no power or 

1 In the MS. this word is written exactly like "anntient," bvit elsewhere 
the undoubted it is like a carefully written ». hence the erroneous reading 
"monnckes," frequently occurring in the edition ot 1S42. Sometimes it is 
written like " monukes." 



24 RITES OF DURHAM. 

Roll, suffrance to cofnytt any violence & force vnto (21) such 
holie psons so occupied in praiers, being ptected & 
defended by y c mightie pvidence of almightie god, and by 
y e mediac'6 of holy S r Cuthb: & y c psence of y e saide holie 
Relique. And after many conflictf & warlike exploitf 
there had and donne betwixte y e englishe men and y e 
kinge of scottf & his company the said battell ended* and 
y e victorie was obteyned to y e great outhrowe and confusio 
of y e scottf there enemyes. And then y e said por & 
mounkes accumpaned w th Raphe L : Neivell [al's Daw 
Raby, H. 45] & John Neivell his sonne, & y e Lord Percy, 
& many other worthie nobles of england returned home & 
went to y e abbay church, ther ioyninge in hartie praier & 
thankes geving to god, & holie S : cuthbert for y e conquest 
& victorie atchived that daie.* In w ch said battell A holy 
cross wh(ich) was taken out of holie rudehouse* [in Eding- 
brough, H. 45] in Scotland by king david bruce was wonne 
& taiken [vpon, H. 45] y e said king of Scotland at y e said 
battell, w ch crosse by most auncyent & credible writers is 
recorded* to haue corned to y e said king most myraculous- 
lie, & to haue hapned & chaunced in to his hand being a 
hunting at y e wylde harte in a forrest nygh Eddenbrowghe 
vpo Holy Rude daie, comonlie called y e exaltac'on of y c 
crosse, y e said kinge seued & pted fro his nobles and 
company, suddenly there appered vnto him (as it seamed) 
a most faire harte runninge towards him in a full & spedy 
course, w ch so affraid y e kingf horse, that he violently 
coursed away, whome y e harte so fercely and swiftlye 
followed, that he baire forciblie both y e king & his horse 
to ground who so being dismayd dyd cast backe his handt 
betwixt y e Tyndf of y e said harte to stay him selfe, and then 
and there most strangly slypped into y c kinges handes 
y e said crosse most wonderously, at y e veiwe wherof 
ifliediatelye y e hart vanished away, and neu after was 
seane no ma knowing certenly what mettell or wood y e said 
crosse was mayd of. In y e place wherin this miracle was 
so wroughte, doth now spring a fountaine called y e Rude 
well.* And y e next night after y e said crosse so bechanced 
vnto hym, the said king was charged & warned in his 
sleape by a visio to buyld an abbey in y e same place w ch 



AN ANCIENT MEMORIAL. 25 

he most deligentlie observing, as a true message from god Ro11, 
almightie, did send for workemen into f ranee & Maimers, 
who at there cuinyng weare reteyned, & dyd buyld & erect 
v said abbey accordinglie, w ch y c king caused to be 
furnished w th Chanons Reguler & dedicated y same in y 
hono r of y e cross, and placed y e said crosse moste 
sumptuouslie & richly in y said abbey, ther (22) to 
remayne as a most renowmed monu ,m & so there remayned, 
till y c said King" cumynge toward f y c said battell, dyd 
bring vt upd him as a most myraculous & fortunate 
relique, \otw th standinge that y e said kinge y e said nighte 
before he addressed him forwarde to y e said battell, was in 
a dreame admonished, that in any wise he should not 
attempt to spoile or violate y c churche goods of S l Cuth : 
or anv thinge y l appteyned vnto that holie S l , w ch for that 
he moste contemptuously and psumptuously dyd disdayne 
& contemne, violating and distroyinge so much as he 
could y e said goodf and lands belonging to S l Cuth: was 
not onely punished by god almighty, by his owne 
captivitie being taiken at the said battell in y e feild and 
therin very sore wounded having first valiantly fought, & 
w lh him were taken foure earles, two lordes, [eleaven 
Lords, H. 45] y e Archbushoppe of S l Andrewes, one 
other bushopp one knight w th many others, In w ch battell 
were slaine [y e kings brother, H. 45] seaven earles of 
Scotland besydf many lords and scotishmen, to the 
noumber of one and other fifteane thousand & also lost y e 
saide 1 crosse w ch was taiken vpo him,* & many other most 
wourthie & excellent Jewellt J & monum'f w ch wea(re) 
brought from Scotland as his owne bann & other noble- 
mens auficientes," [his owne Banner beinge y e Royall 
standerd, w th many more Colours, H. 45] w dl all weare 
offred vp at v c shryne of S l Cuth : for y c bewtifiynge & 
adorninge therof, together w lh y e blacke Rude o( Scotland 
(so tearmed) w th Mary and John, maid of silver, being as 
yt weare smoked all oil, w ch was placed & sett vp most 
exactlie in v piller next S l Cuthb: shrine in y e sou.th alley 
of y c said abbey. Shortelie after y e said P'or caused a 

' A lino redundant here al a joining of the paper, viz., " inge taiken at 
yt said battell, btu also loste the said. 



26 RITES OF DURHAM. 

Roll, goodly and sumptuous ban to be maid & w th pippes of 
silu* to be put on a staffe, beinge fyve yerdf longe,* 
w th a device to taike of and on y c said pipes at pleasure, & 
to be keapt in a chyste in y L> ferretorie when they weare 
taken downe, w ch ban was shewed & caried in y c said 
abbey on festivall and pncipall daies, on y e highte of y e 
oumost pipe, was a faire ptie crosse of silver and a wand 
of siluer,* having a fyne wroughte knopp of silver at either 
end, that went outwhart ye bann cloth, wherevnto ye ban 
clothe was fastned & tyed, w ch wand was of ye bignes of a 
mans fynger, and at either end of ye said wande there 
was a fyne silver bell, the wand was fest by the myddle to 
y e ban staffe hard vnder y c crosse, y e ban cloth was a 
yerd brode, & five q^ters deape, & y e nether pt of it 
was indented in five ptf, & (23) frenged, and maid 
fast* w th all about w th read silke and gold. And 
also y e said ban cloth was maid of read velvett of both 
sydes most sumptuously imbrodered & wrought w th 
flowres of grene silke & gold, and in y e mydes of y e 
said ban cloth w r as y e sayde holie relique & Corporax cloth 
inclosed and placed y er in, w ch Corporax cloth was covered 
over w th white velvett half a yerd square eiiy way, having 
a red crosse of read velvett on both sydes over y c same 
holie Relique most artificiallie and cunyngly compiled & 
framed, being fynely fringed about y e edge & scirtf w th 
frenge of read silke and gold & iij litle fyne silver bellf fest 
to y e scirtf of ye said ban cloth like vnto sackring bellf * 
& so sumptuouslie finished and absolutelye pfitted, was 
dedicated to holie S l Cuthb: of intent & purpose that y e 
same should be alwaies after psented & carried to any 
battell as occasio should serve, and w ch was (never) 1 caryed 
or shewed at any battell, but* by y e especiall grace of god 
almightie, & y e mediac'6 of holie S l Cuthb: it browghte 
home ye victorie. W dl ban cloth after y e Dissoluc'6 
[suppression, H. 45] of y e Abbey fell in to y e possessio of 
one Deane Whittingha,* whose wife called Katherin being 
a freanche woma (as is most credablely reported by those 



' Not in Roll, inserted sent it do iiinnii in Cos. MS. ; "which was carried 
and shewed at any battell by yc especiall,'* etc., H. 44 ; the passage is 
condensed in H. 45; L., C, and editions have, rightly, " never— but," etc. 



AN ANCIENT MEMORIAL. 27 

w ch weare eye wittnesses) did most iniuriously burne* & ^°J'« 

...... ' a C. I faOO. 

cosume y c same in hir lire in the notable contempt iv 
disgrace of all auncyent cS: goodly Reliques. Further on 
the West syd of y e Citie of Durh m there was a most notable 
famous & goodly larg Cross of stone worke erected & sett 
vppe to y e bono of god & for y c victorie had thereof, 
shortly after y e battell of Durh™ in ye same place where y c 
battel! was fowghte called & knowen by ye name of 
Xeivellt' Crosse* \v ch was sett vpp at y e cost and charg( J of 
the Lo : Raph Xevell being one of y c most excellent and 
cheiffe in y e said battell & feild, w ch crosse had 7 step!' 
aboute yt euy way . 4 . squared to y e Sockett that the stalke 
of y c crosse did stand in, w ch Sockett was mayd fast to a . 4 . 
squared brod stone, being y e sole or bottom stone of a large 
thicknes that y L> sockett dyd stand vpo w ch is a yeard & a 
half square about euy way, w ch stone was one of y e steppes 
& y e viij° in number. Also ve said Sockett was maid fast 
w th Iro & lead to y e sole stone in euy syde of y° Corn of ye 
said sockett stone w dl was . 3 . quarters deppe & a yerd & a 
quarter square about euy way. And y c stalke of y e crosse 
goinge vpward Conteyned in length . 3 . yerdf & a halfe vp 
to ye Bosse, being viij° square about all of one holl (24) 
peece of stone from y e Sockett y l yt did stand in, to the bosse 
aboue, into y e w ch Bosse y e said stalke was deply sowdered 
w th lead & sowder. And in y e mydest of y c stalke in etiy 
second square was y c Xevellf crosse* in a scoutchio being \' L ' 
Lo : Xevells armes fynely cut out & wrought in y e said stalke 
of stone. Also y c nether end [part, Cos.] of y e stalke was 
soudered depe in v e hole of v e sockett v 1 it did stand in \v lh 
lead & sowder, and at euy of y e . 4 . Cornt of y c said Sockett 
belowe was one of y e pictures of y c • 4 ■ evangelist^* being 
Mathewe, Marke, Luke, & Johne, verie fynly sett forth 
& carved in stone mason worke, and on y e hight of v c said 
stalke did stand a moste large fyne Bosse of stone, being 
.8. square Rownde about fynly cut out & bordered & 
Diveylous Curiously wrought. And in etiv square of v° 
neither syde of the bosse in y° mason worke was v c 
Xeivells Crosse in a scutchio in one square, & y e Bulls 
head* having no scutchio in an other square, & so 



28 RITES OF DURHAM. 

Ro,1 > contynued [conteined, Cos.] in euy square after y e same 
°" sorte Rownd about y e Bosse, & on y e hight of the said 
Bosse having a stalke of stone being a crosse standing a 
li tie higher then the rest w ch was sowdered deply w th lead 
& sowder into y e holl of y e said bosse aboue, wheron was 
fynely cut out & pictured on both sydes of y e stalke of the 
said Crosse the picture of o savio christ crucified w th his 
armes stretched abrod, his hand\ nayled to y e crosse and 
his feete being naled vpo y e stalke of y e said crosse belowe, 
almost a qMer of a yerd from aboue y e Bosse, w th the 
picture of o r Lady the blessed Virgen Mary of y e one syde 
of him & the picture of S l John the Evangeliste on y c 
other syde most pitifully lamenting & beholding his 
torm l f aud cruell deathe standinge both on y e highte of y e 
said Bosse. All w ch pictures was very artificially & 
curiously wrought all together & fynly carved out of one 
hole entyre stone some pt therof thorowgh carved worke 
both on y c east syde & y e west syde of y e said crosse, w lh a 
cover of stone likewise oil there headf being all most fynly 
& curiously wrought to gether out of y e said holl stone, 
w ch cover of stone was coiled all oil very fynly w th lead. 
And also in token and remebrance of y e said battell of 
Durh m & to y c ppetuall memory & hone of y e L. Nevell 
and his posteritie for e\i & 1 was 2 temed by the title & name 
of Neivelli crosse ; w ch so did there stande & remayne 
most notorious to all passingers till of laite in y e yeare of 
o' L. god 1589. in y e nighte tyme y e same was broken 
downe & defaced by some lewde & contemptuous wicked 
(25) psons there vnto encouraged (as it semed) [seemeth, 
Cos.] by some who loveth christe y e worse for y e crosse 
sake, as vtterly & spitefullie dispising all aucyent cere- 
monies and monum'f. 

And further in y e said place called the Read hillf lying 
on y c north syde of y e said neivellf crosse, a litle distant 
from a pece of grownd called y e flashe* aboue a close lying 
hard by north Chilton poole* and on y c north side of y e 
hedge where y e maydes bower* had wont to be where y e 



1 MSS. Cos., L., C, and H. 44 have "and," but editions have "it." 
- The words "posteritie" to "was" are repeated at a joining of the 
paper. 



AN ANCIENT MEMORIAL. 29 

said por* & Mounkf standings & making ther praiers to Ro,1 i 
god w th y* liolie Relicke of S l Cuthbcrt during V tyme of 
y e said battel 1, & after y e said battel 1 finished & victorie 
atchived [there, Dav.] was erected & sett vp by y L ' said 
por & Mounkf a faire crosse of Wood* in y c same place 
where thev standing w th y v holie Relike made ther praiers 
in token & Remembrance of y e said holy Relique of S l 
Cuthb : w ch they carved to y e battell, w ch being a faire 
crosse of wood fynely wrought & verie larg & of highte 
two yeardf w ch there long stoode & contynued by y 
remembrance of many now lyving, wher y e said P'or and 
Mounkf eu after, in memory of the said holy Relique 
after the said victorie atchived dyd (in there tymes of 
recreac'6 as they went and came to & from Bearepke" to y e 
Monasterie and Abbey of Durh m ) make there humble and 
sollemne praiers to god and holie S l Cuthb: at the foote of 
y e said crosse* in ppetuall prays & memory for y e said 
(victory) 1 and recoverie of the said battell. Tyll it was 
nowe of laite w th in thes xxxv° yeres soddenly defaced & 
throwne downe by some lewde disposed psonns, who 
dispised the antiquetie and worthynes of monumentt after 
the suppressio of Abbeys, and the collection of this 
memoriall Antiquetie was in the yeare of (our) Lord god 
A thowsand five hundreth Nyntie & thre. 

John Fossour* was the first* por that eu attempted to 
be buried w th in the abbey church out of the Centorie garth* 
he was buryed in the North plage [vnder the North 
window in y e Lanterne Alley, H. 45] before the alter of S l 
Nicholas and S l Giles, being the last of the iij Alters in 
the North plage toward f the North, [y e furthest North of 
ye former before named, H. 45J over whome was laid a 
curyous and sumptuous nible stone [beinge coiled w lh a 
faire Marble stone, H. 45J which he had prepared in his 
liffe tyme ingraven in Brasse with his owne linage and 
Immagerie Wourke [in brasse, Cos.] upo yt, with the xij 
apostiles devided and bordered of either syde of him w 1 ' 1 
there pictures in Brasse. 

* This word is partly destroyed and not legible in the Roll, but what is 
left hardly looks " victory," which is the reading of MSS. Cos., L., C, and 
H. 44, and of the editions, 



30 RITES OF DURHAM. 

Roil, (2 6) (XVI.) The South Allev of v e Lantren.* 

C. IOOO. 

Johne Hemmyngbrowghe,* por of Durhm, lieth 
buried in y e south plage on the right hand as yo w goe to 
y e Revestre vnder a faire nible stone, with his picture 
Curiouslie ingrave vpo it, (having the xij Apostles 
pictured, of either syde of hym vj° in brasse with other 
Imagerie woorke aboue his head), before the alter of our 
Ladye, alias Howghels Alter,* being the first of the iij 
alters in ye south plage [in y e walke, H. 45]. 

Will'm Ebchester* Prior of Durh m lyethe buryed in the 
south alley vnder a faire marble stone before the Ladie of 
Boultons alter,* w th his vercis or epetath ingraven vpon 
the saide stone in Brasse, which stone was taiken vp there 
& removed, and lyeth nowe before the queir door, the said 
alter being y e second of y e iij alters in that plage oil y e 
w ch alter was a m'veylous lyvelye and bewtifull linage of 
the picture of our Ladie socalled the Lady of boultone, 
whiche picture was maide to open w th gynif [2 leaves, H. 
45] from her breaste [breasts, Cos.] downdward. And w th 
in y e said image was wrowghte and pictured the linage of 
our saviour,* nivevlouse fynlie gilted houldinge vppe his 
handes, and holding betwixt his handes a fair & large 
crucifix of christ all of sold, the whiche Crucifix was to be 
taiken fourthe eiiy good fridaie,* and eiiy man [Moncke, 
H. 45] did crepe vnto it that was in y l churche as that 
Dave. And ther after vt was houng vpe againe within the 
said immage and eiiy principall Daie the said immage 
was opened that euy man might se pictured within her, 
the father, the sonne, and the holy ghost, moste curiouslye 
and fynely gilted. And both the sides w th in her verie 
fynely vernyshed with grene vernishe and flowres of 
goulde whiche was a goodly sighte for all the behoulders 
therof, and vpo the stone that she did stand on in under* 
was drawen a faire crosse vpo a scutchon cauled the 
Neivellf cross the w ch should signyfye that the neivells 
hath borne the charges of ytt. 

Robert Ebchester* P'or of Durh m lyeth buriede vnder a 
faire nible stone with his picture and his versis frome the 
waiste vpe in brass before the said La: Boulton alter. 



TIIK SOUTH ALLEY OF THE LANTERN. 3 1 

Next to the Lady of Bowltons alter on the southe was Roll, 
S a cte fides alter and S a cte Thomas thapostelf beinge the L ' 
thirde alter in the south plage. 

There ys [was, II. 45; is, L., C] a Lybrarie* in the south 
angle of the Lantren whiche is nowe above the Clocke* 
standinge betwixt (27) the Chapter house and the Te Deuni 
wyndowe being well Replenished' with ould written 
Docters and other histories and ecclesiasticall writers. 

In the north end of y e allei of the Lantrene ther is a 
goodlie faire larg & lightsum glass wyndowe havinge 
in it xij faire long pleasant & most bewtifull lights being 
maid & buylte w lh fyne stone & glas w ch in the ould 
tyme was gone to decaie, and y e por at that tyme called por 
castell, dide Renewe it, & did buylt yt all vp enowgh 
againe called the Wyndowe of the iiij Docters* of y e 
churche w ch hath vj long fair lightf of glas in y c upp 
pte of y e said wyndowe [of the upper parts in the same 
window, Cos.], And therin is pictured o r blessed Ladie 
w th ye picture of o r savio christ in her armes, and the 
picture of holie S a cte Cuthb: of y e weste syde of her 
both w ch pictures standing in y e myds of y e said wyndowe 
in most fyne coulored glass, and of y e east syde of o' 
Ladie is ij of y e Docters of y e church pictured, & other 
ij of y e Docters pictured on the west syde of S a cte Cuth : 
all being larg pictures & verie fynely & curiouslie sett 
furth in fyne coulored glas. And y e picture of por 
castell who did make y e hole coste of v c buylding of v e 
said windowe both of stone and glasse as is aforesaid, 
sytting on his kneis in fyne blewe glas in his habitt, & 
holding vp his handes to o r Ladie vnder y e feete of v L ' said 
blessed virgin marie whose I m mage standing abovee (?) 
his heade savinge [sayinge, Cos. ; saying, L., C, H. 44, and 
edd.| Virgo mater dei miserere mei. And other vj 
faire leightt" in the foresaid wyndowe vnder o r Ladie, 
Sacte Cuthb: & y« foresaid Docters beneth theme being 
verie fynly glaised w th ' all y e instrument of Christf death 
sett in rownde [redd coulered, H. 45 ; round, L., C.J glasse 
<S: wrowghte in fyne coulours in the said glasse wyndowe, 
being all but one wyndowe 

1 " d) iu-t( armes " erased. 



32 RITES OF DURHAM. 

[which has a Stone Gallery the breadth of the thickness 
of the Wall at the division of the superiour Lights from 
the inferiour, affording a Passage into the Roof of the 
Sacrists Exchequer, and is supported by the Partitions of 
the Lights made strong, and equally broad with the 
Gallrey. Hunter s and Sanderson 's editions]. 
Roll, Also in y e southe end of the allei of v e Lantren aboue 
c. 1600. ye clocke there is a faire large glasse wyndowe Caulede 
the Te deum wyndowe* veri fair glased accordinge as 
eiiy verse of Te deu is song or saide, so is it pictured in 
y e wyndowe verie fynly and curiouslie wrowghte in fyne 
colored glass w th all y e nyne order of Angells,* viz 1 Thrones, 
Dominations, Cherubins, etc. [viz 1 Thrones Dominac'ons 
Cherubims Seraphi Angells Archangells, H. 45] w th y e 
pictur of Christ as he was vpon y e cross crucified, & y e 
blessed Virgin Marie w th crist in her armes as he was 
borne. (28) 

(XVII.) Thes Monnumentes followinge weer placede 

from y e Lantrene in y e mydest of y e churche 

in there Seuall places till yowe 

come to y e west ende of y e churche 

ioyninge vpo y e Galleleie. 

In the body of y e churche betwixt two of y e hiest pillors 
supportinge & holding vp y e west syde of y e Lanterne 
oil against y e quere dore, ther was an alter called Jesus 
alter where Jh'us mess* was song euy fridaie thorowe out 
y e whole yere. And of y e backsyde of y e saide alter there 
was a faire high stone wall* and at either end of y e wall 
there was a dore w ch was lockt euy night called y e two 
Roode Dores* for y e psessio to goe furth and come in at, 
& betwixt those ij dores was Jh'us alter placed as is affore- 
saide, & at either ende of y e alter was closed vp w th fyne 
wainscott like vnto a porch* adioyni'ge to eyther roode 
dore verie fynely vnished w th fyne Read vnishe and in 
y e wainscott at y e south end of y e alter ther was iiij faire 
almeries, for to locke y e chalices & sylver crewettf w th two 
or thre sewtt of vestm'f* & other omam l f belonging to y e 



MONUMENTS IN THE NAVE. 33 

said alter for y e holie daies & pncipall daies, & in y e north Roll, 
end of tlialter in v wainscott there was a dore to come in 
to y said porch and a locke on yt to be lockt both daie 
and nighte : Also y er was standing on y e alter against v 
wall aforesaid a moste curiouse & fine table* w th ij leues 
to open & clos againe all of y e hole Passio of o 1 Lord Jesus 
christ most richlye & curiously sett furth in most lyvelie 
coulors all like y e burni'ge gold, as he was tormented & as 
he honge on y e cross w ch was a most lamentable sighte to 
beholde. The w ch table was alwaies lockt vp but onely on 
pncipall daies. Also y e fore pte of y e said porch fro y 
vtmoste corn 1 ' of y e porch to y e other, ther was a dore w th 
two brode leves* to ope fro syde to syde, all of fyne ioined 
& through carved worke. The hight of y l was sumthinge 
aboue a mans brest & in the highte of y e said dore, y l was 
all stricke full of Irone pikf" y l no ma shold clyme oil w ch 
dore did hing all in gym't & claspf in y e insyde to 
claspe theme. And on y e pncipall daies when any 
of y mounkf said mess at that alter, then y e table was 
opened w ch did stand on y e alter, and y e dore w th two 
leves w ch stoode in y e fore pte of y e said closett or 
porch was sett open also that euy ma might come 
in & se y e said table in man 1 and forme as (29) is 
aforesaid. Also there was in y e hight of y e said wall 
fro piller to piller v e whole storie & passio of o 1 Lord 
wrowghte in stone most curiously & most fynely gilte, and 
also aboue v 1 ' said storie & passio was all y e whole storie & 
pictures of y e xij apostles verie artificiallye sett furth & 
verie fvnelie gilte contening frome y e one piller to thother, 
wrowght verie curiouslie & artificially in y e said stone, 
and on y e hight aboue all thes foresaide storyes frome piller 
to piller was sett vp a border very artificially wrowght 
in stone w th m'velous fyne coulers verie curiouslie t\: 
excellent fynly gilt w th branches & flow res y' more that a 
ma did looke on it y e more [desires he had, and the greater, 
Dav. \ was his afTectio to behold yt, y ( ' worke was so fynely 
& curiously wroughte in y ( ' said stone y l it cold not be 
fynelyer wrowght in any kynde ol other mettell, and also 
aboue y hight of all vpo y e waule did stande y c most 
goodly & famous Roode y l was in all this land, \v th v 



34 RITES OF DURHAM. 

Roll, picture of Marie on thone syde, & y e picture of John on 
thother, w th two splendent & glisteringe archangelf one on 
thone syde of Mary, & y e other of y c other syde of Johne, 
so what for y e fairness of y L ' wall y e staitlynes of y e pictures 
& y e lyuelyhoode of y e paynting it was thowght to be one 
of y L> goodliest monum'f' in that church. 

Also on y e backsyde of y e said Rood before y e queir dore 
there was a Loft,* & in y e south end of y e said loft y° 
clocke" dvd stand, & in vnder y e said loft by y e wall there 
was a long forme w ch dyd reche fro y e one Roode dore to 
y p other, where me dyd sytt* to rest theme selves on & say 
there praiers & here devyne svice. 

Also euy frydaie at nyghte after that y e evinsong was 
done in y e queir there was an anthem song in y e bodye of 
y e church before y e foresaid Jh'us alter called Jesus anthe* 
w ch was song eiiy frvdaie at nvght thorowghe out y e whole 
yere by v e m 1 of the quiresters & deacons of y c said church, 
and when it was done then y e quirest'T did singe an other 
anthe by them selues sytting on there kneis all y e tyme that 
ther anthem was in singing before y e said Jesus alter w ch 
was verie devoutly song euy fridaie at nyghte by y e toulling 
of one of y e Gallelei Belles.* 

i. Thomas Castell* por of Durh m lyeth burved vnder 
a faire m r ble stone in y e body of y e church being pictured 
fro y e waiste vp in Brass in y c mydest of y c stone w th his 
vercis or epitath vpo yt before Jesus alter wher there was 
on y c ' north syde betwixt two pillers a looft for y e m 1 ' & 
quiresters to sing Jesus mess euy fridaie conteyni'ge a (30) 
paire of orgaines" to play on, & a fair desk to lie there 
bookes on in tyme of dyvin svice. 

2. Joh a ne Awckland* prio 1 ', lyethe burved w th in the 
Abbey church of Durh m . 

3. Joh n Burrnbie* por of Durh" 1 , lieth burved vnder a 
fair m'ble stone pictured in brass from y e waiste vp beneth 
y e north dour in y L ' mydest of y e church not much distant 
fro v r m'ble cross w lh his verces* or epitath adioyninge 
therto. 



THE FERETORY. 35 

There is betwixt v (> piller o( v north syde w dl y holie Ro11 . 
Water stone did stand in, & y- piller that standeth oil 
against yt of y south syde, fro thone of theme to y other 
a Rowe of blewe m'ble, & in v mvdest of y ( ' said Row 
ther is a eross of blewe m'ble, in toke y l all women that 
came to here devine svice should not be suffered to come 
aboue v c said cross, and if it chaunced y l anv women to 
come aboue it w th in y body of y e church, thene, straighte 
waxes she was taiken awaie and punshede for certaine 
daies because there was neu women came where y e holie ma 
S-'cte Cuthb : was, for v Reuence thei had to his sacred 
bodie. 

Also yf any woma chauched to come w th in y e abei gaitf or 
w lh in any psvnckt of v e house, yf she had bene sene but 
her lenth w th in anv place of y e saide house, she was taken 
& sett fast and punished to gyve example to all others for 
doyng y e Like. 1 

(XVIII.) The causes wherfore* women may not cu to 

the fferretere of S l Cuth : nor to enter within y e 
q . . . 

pcinct annexed in y" monasterye. 

There are dyuf bookes written of y e lvffe & miracles of 
that holy Confesso' Cuthbert ptlie written by the Irishe, 
ptly by english men, and ptlie by scottishe men, being 
not able to comphend y e same in one worke. For as 
venerable beede reporteth in the Prologge of his booke w ch 
he wrote of y e liffe & miracles of S l Cuth: that there weare 
many other thingf nothing inferior to those w ch he wrote 
of y c liffe and vertews of that blessed ma, w rch weare related 
vnto him, and weare commaunded to be had in ppetuall 
memory, w ch woorkes thowghe they weare not pfectlv 
& delyberatlie finished yt was thought vnfitt & inconvenient 
to insert or adde any newe matter, of w ch bookf there is 
one Intituled,* of the cumyng of S l Cuth: into Scotland, 
taiken (31) furth of the scottishe histories wherevpofi 
emongh other thingf is sett downe the solitarie conversatio 
of the said holie S l Cuthb: in this man r as follow 11 '. 



1 Here follows, in the Roll, at a joining - of the paper, the beginning of the 
heading of ch. xix, erased. 



36 RITES OF DURHAM. 

Roll, Blessed S 1 Cuthb: for a long tyme led a [most, Cos.] 

" solitarie liffe in the borders of y e Pictf,* to w ch place great 

concourse of people daly vsed to visitt him, and from 

whome, (by the evidence & grace of god) neu any returned 

w th out great cumforth and consolatio : this caused both 

yong & old to resorte vnto him, taking great pleasure both 

to se him, & to heare him speake. In y e meane tyme yt 

chanced y l the dawghter of y° Kinge of that pvince was 

gott (with) 1 child by some yong ma in her fathers house 

whose belly swelling w lh her birth, w ch when y° king 

pceyved, dyligently examened her who was the author of 

y l fact, vpo dewe examynatio wherof she maid this 

answere. That solitarie young ma who dwelleth hereby 

is he who hath overcu me, and w th whose bewty I am thus 

disceived, wherevpo y e king furiouslye enradged presentlie 

repayred w th his deflowred dawghter accumpaned w th 

dyur knyghtes vnto y e solitary place where he psentlie 

spake vnto y e svaunt of god in this raann. What are thowe 

he, who vnder v e cullour of Relligio pphanest y e Temple 

& Sanctuarie of god. art thowe he who vnder y e title & 

pfessio of a solytarie liffe exerciseste all filthines of y e 

world in Incest, behould here is my dawghter whom thowe 

with thy deceitf hast corrupted, not fearing to make her 

dishonest, therefore now at y e last openly confesse this thy 

fait, and plainly declaire heare before this cumpany in 

what sorte thow seduced her. the kinges dawghter mark- 

inge y e ferce speaches of her father, more impodetlye 

stepped furth and bouldly affirmed that it was he w ch had 

done that wicked deade. At w ch thing y c yoiig ma greatly 

amased pceiving that this forgery pceeded by the instigac'6 

of y e Devell wherw 1 ' 1 he being browght into a great pplexetie, 

applying his whole hart vnto almightie god said as 

followeth. My Lord my god, who onely knowest, and 

art y e sercher of all secrettf , make manifest also [all, H. 45] 

this worke of iniquetie, and by some example approve 

y' same, w ch thowgh y l cannott be done by humane 

pollecye, make it manifest by some dyvine Oracle. When 

as y 1 ' younge man w th grevous [greate, Cos.] lamentations 



■ Omit led in MS. 



THE NORTH ALLEY. 37 

& teares, incredible to be reported, hadde spoken tbes Rol 
wordf, evin soddenlie in y e selfe same place wher she stod 
y c earth ther making a hissing noyse psentlie opened, and 
.swallowed her vpe in y psence of all y beholders. This 
place is cauled Corwen where she for her corruptio was 
conveyed and caried into hell. So (32) sone as y e king 
pceived this miraculous chaunce to happen in y c psence of 
all his cumpany, began to be greatlie tormented in his 
mynd, fearing least throwghe his threates, he should him 
selfe encur y e like punyshment : Wherevpo he w th all his 
cumpany humbly craving pdon of almightie god, w lh 
further desire and petic'on to that good ma S l Cuthb : 
that by his payers he would crave at gods handf to haue 
his dawghter again, to w ch petie'd the said holie father 
graunted vpo condic'6 that no woman after y x should haue 
Resorte vnto him, wherevpo it came* that y c king did not 
suffer anv woma to enter into any church dedecated to y' 
S l vV* to this daie is dewly obsved in all y e churches of y e 
Pictt' W* weare dedicated to y e hono* of that holie ma. 

(XIX.) The northe alley of y e bodie of y e Churche. 

In ye north allei fro y e north church dor to y e crose 
allei in y c myd( J of y e church called y c lantren alley where 
ye lantren standeth in y° entrance of y e end of y e said 
north allie into y e said lanterne allie fro piller to piller y er 
was a trellesdoure* w dl did ope & close w lh two leves 
like vnto a falden dor, & aboue y e said dor, it was likewaies 
trellessed almoste to y c hight of y e valt above, & on y e 
highte of y c said trellesse was strike full of Iro pik(" of 
a q^ter of a yerd long to thentent y l none should clyme 
oil it, & was eu more lockt & neu opened but of y e 
holie daies, or of such daies as there was any psessio. 
& likewis v north Rude dor \v eh was of thother svde of v L ' 
piller at y e north end of Jesus alter was neu oppened but 
when there was any pssessions. 

There 1 was two faire Hallewater stones" belonging to y 
abei church of Durisme all of verie faire blewe nible, the 



1O00. 



1 A new hand ami somewhat different spelling, <'■&■. "dour" for "dor," 
ami " Durisme," begin here. In some cases words nave been altered in 

different ink, thus " abei " t«' " abey," " Pieties " to " Pitties," etc. 



38 RITES OF DURHAM. 

Roll, fairest of them stoode w th in y e northe church dour oil 
against y° said dour, being wrowghte in y c Corn of y e 
piller next adioyning to y c Lady of Pieties alter", of the leaft 
hand as yea turn into y c gallelei, having a verie fair 
skreene* of wayscott oil heade, fynely painted w th blewe, 
& litle gilted starres, being keapt veri clene, and alwaies 
.pvyded w th fresh water (against eiiy sonnday morning), by 
two of y c bell Ringers or servitors of y c church, wherin 
one of y e Mounckf did hallow* y c said water veri early in 
y e morninge befor devine service. 

The other stood* w lh in y c south church dour [right ag l 
(33) itt near y e south doore, H. 45], not altogether so 
curyouse yet all of fyne blewe nible, beinge verie decentlie 
keapt in y e same man w lh freshe water eiiy sonndaie mor- 
ninge by y e said bell Ringers or servitoures of y e church, 
wherin (so in Cos. ; where in, L.) like sorte one of y e 
Mounkf did hallow the said water veri early in y c 
morninge before Dyvine svice. The one of theme vi^ 
that at y e south dour servinge y c P or & all y c covent 
w th y e whole house. The other at the northe dor, (being 
ioyned into y e piller) servinge all those that came that 
waie to here Divyne svice. 1 

Ther was Betwixt two pillers on ye leaft hand in the 
north allie as yo w tourne into y e galleley from y e northe 
church dour o r Lady of pieties alter,* being inclosed of 
either syde w th fyne waynscott, w th y e picture of o Lady 
carving o' saviour on her knee as he was taiken from y c 
crosse verey lamentable to behoulde. 

Then on y e right hand in y e said north allie as yo w goe 
into y e galley vnder y c Belfraie called y e gallely steple 
was S a cte saviours alter* y e north end of y c sayd alter stone 
being wrought & inclosed into y e piller of y e waul from y e 
first foundac'6 of y e church (for mess to be said at)- as 
appered at y c defaci nge therof, and Remayneth there to be 
knowne till this day by a corn of the sayd (altar) 2 stone 
not to be pulled furthe but by breaking of y c wall. 

' Theheading i^ repeated bere, at a joining of the paper. 
Secunda 111 unit. 



I ill-: NOR I II ALLEY. $Q 

In the vveste end oi v church in v north allie and oil Ro,1 « 
y galleley dour tlior in a Belfray called the galleley steple 
did hing iiij goodly great BcllC w ch was neu Rownge 
hut at euy pncipall feast or at such other tymes as ye 
Bushop dyd come to y° towne. Euy sonndav in y e yere 
there was a smo preched in y e gallely at after none from 
one of v clocke till iij & at xij of V clock y e great Bell o( 
y galleley was toulled euy sonndaie iij qSters of an howre 
& roung y e forth q^ter" till one of y e clock, that all y e 
people of y towne myght haue warnyng to come & here 
\" worde of god preached. There was certaine officers* 
pteyni'g to y e said howse w ch was allwayes charged when 
so on y e said Bellf was knowlede to be redy for y c Rynging 
ot theme, vte ij men of y e kitching was charged w th y e 
Ringing of on Bell, & y e iiij men of y e church that dyd 
lye allwaves in y e church was charged w th y e Ringing of 
y third Bell ; & vj othere was alwaies charged w lh y c 
Rynging of the great Bell vijj ij of the back howse, ij of 
the Brew house & ij of y e killne. And in y e latter dayes 
of kyng Henrie the eighte" y e house was supprest, & after 
that tyme y e said Belli' was neu Rounge. Then Deane 
Whittingham (34) pceyving theme not to be occupied nor 
Rounge a great whyle before his tyme, was purposed to 
haue taiken them downe and broken them for other vses 
[and make his ,pfitt of them, H. 45]. Then Tho: Sparke' 
the Bushopes Suffrigaine lying at Durh 1 " & kepinge 
howse there, at y° same tyme havinge Intellegence what 
\" Deanes purpose was, dyd sende into Yorkshire w th all 
speade for a workeman & caused iij of y e said Belli', to be 
taiken downe (y e iiij th Bell Remaynes ther still & was neu 
Rounge svnee \ rt was suspent 1 *) [y e other did remayne a 
longe season but yet after removed into y e Lantorne, II. 
45 1 & caused them iij to be hoong vp in y newe worke 
called \ tc lantren & maide a goodly chyme* to be sett, on 
y said BellC, y e w th dyd coste hi me in charges Thirtie or 
fortie pownd( J , w ch chyme endureth to this daie, or els y c 
saide BellC had bene spoyled & defaced. |But in y e yeare 
1650: this Abbey church was made a prison for y° Scotts 

' Oppositi' to this word in Comm Dr. Hunter has placed the word 
" Indicted " in 1 he margin. 



40 RITES OF DURHAM. 

Roll < and quite defaced w th in, for ther was to y c Number 4500 
w dl most of them perished & dyed ther in a very short 
space & were throwen into holes by great Numbers 
together in a most Lamentable manner ; But in y e yeare 
J ^55 y e Clocke & Chyme was repay red againe w dl was 
taken downe & preserved from y v s d ruyne. H. 45.] 

(XX.) The South angle of y u Bodie of y c churche. 

Robert Neivell" Bushop of Durh m lyeth buryed in his 
aucestors porch in y e south allie, [in y e South Alley of y c 
saide Church neare y e Earle of Westmland his Ancest' , 
[H. 45] nere vnto y c cloyster dour on y e south, & Jesus alter 
on y c northe, of the porch conteyning iij pillers & so moch of 
y c angle having in yt an alter w th a faire Allablaster table" 
above yt, where mess was daly selebrated for y el soules : and 
therin a seate or pew where y e por was accustomed to set to 
here Jesus mess, y c est end of the porche where y e alter stood 
was closed vp w th a litle stone wall sumwhat hier then y c 
alter & wainscotted aboue y e wall, the west end w th a litle 
stone wall & an Iron grait on y e topp of y e wall, & all y c 
north syd towardes y e body of y e church invyroned w lh 
I rone.* 

And also in y e backsyde behynde y e Neivellf alter from 
y e Neivells alter to y e mydes of y a piller behinde ye church 
doure" in Compasse from piller to piller ther was a chambre" 
(35) where one y l keapt y c church & Rownge y c Bell( J at 
mydnight did ly in, and also all oil y c church dour y e 
compasse of iiij pillers, [two of either syde interlined] when 
one enteryd w th in y c church doure was all coiled abouehead 
w th waynscott verie fynely paynted & vnished blewe [azure, 
interlined] of the culler of y e Element, sett out w th starres 
of goulde. And [in interlined] y e forepte of y c wainscott 
from piller to piller w th in y e church oil y e holie water stone, 
ther was a brattishing on y c fore pte of y c wainscott or 
Rowffe very fynely <& Curiouslie wrowght & all gilte [w lh 
gold, interlined] as fynly 1 as y c angell, & in y c mydes" of y c 
saide brattyshi ng y ,ir was a great starre of a great Compasse 
like vnto y e sonne veri artificially & most Curiouslie gilt & 

1 Altered to " fync " secunda manu. 



THK SANCTUARY. 4 1 

ennamyled veri goodly to all y e beholders therof, so that Ro,, i 
there coulde no duste nor fylthe faule into v holy water 
stone vt was so close aboue head, & so elose w th in j 
church doure. 

In the west end of this south allei [Angle, II. 45] 
Betwixt y e tow neithermost [lowest, II. 45] pillers oppositt 

too La: of Pieties Alter titer was an alter w ,h a Roode 
repsenting y* passion [of o Sauio , H. 45] having his 
handes bounde, w th a erowne of thorne on his head, being 
eoffionlv called y bound roode, inclosed" on etch syde w th 
wainscott as was y e foresaid alter of o La: of Pietie. 1 
[Near unto the said altar on the south side, adjoyning unto 
the Galily door, was the grate" wherein the sanctuary 
countrev men were wont to lie when they fled thither for 
refuge, L., C.J [came for refuge to S l Cuthbert, H. 45]. 

(Xxl (The Sanctuary, h. Edd.) 

In the old tvme [y e florishinge tvme of this Abbev the 
Church w th the Church yard, H. 45] longe before y e house 
of Durh m was supprest the abei church & all y c church 
yard & all the circuyte therof* was a Saunctuarie for all 
mailer of men v l had done or comvtted anv gret offence as 
killing of a ma in his own defence or any psoners had 
broken out of pson <S: fled to y c said church dore <S: 
knocking & Rapping" at yt to haue yt opened there was 
sten me v l dvd lie alwaies in two chambers [in a Roome. 
II. 45] oil y c (said north interlined) church dore, for ve same 
purpose that when any such offenders dvd come & knocke, 
streight waie they were letten in at any o of v e nvght cSj 
dyd Rynne streight waie to v gallelei BelL & tould vt to 
(36) thintent anv ma v l hard it might knowe v l there was 
som ma y l had taken Sentrie, & when y j>or had 
intellegence therof, then he dyd send word and comanding 
them y l they should keape theme selues w lll in v Sauctuarij 
y« is to saie w th in v church cS: church yard & eiiv one of 



1 Hero follows ,i line thai lias been erased and then pasted over in a 
former joining; of the Roll, \i/... " Neare vnlo y« saitl alter oh \^ south syde 
adioyninge vnto y«." Tin- rest ot the paragraph is Wanting in the Roli as 
we have it. 



42 RITES OF DURHAM. 

Roll, theme to liaue a gowne of blacke cloth maid w th a cross of 
veallowe cloth called S a cte Cuthb: cross 1 sett on his lefte 
shoulder of his arme to thintent y l euy one might se y l 
there was such a frelige* graunted by God & S a cte Cuthb: 1 
for euy such offender to flie vnto for succour and safe gard 
of there lyues, vnto such tyme as they might obteyne there 
prices pdone, & that thei should lie w th in y c church or 
Saunctuarij in a grate" w ch grate ys Remayni'ge & 
standing still to this daie being maid onelie for y c same 
purpose, standing and adioying vnto y c gallelei dore on y e 
south syde and Likewise they had meite drinke & bedding 
& other necessaries of y e house cost & charg for sten 2 
daies as was meite for such offenders vnto suche tyme as y c 
pior & y e covent could gett theme coveyed out of y c 
dioces. This fredom was confirmed not onely by king 
Guthrid,* but also by king Alvred. : 3 

In y e weste end of y e said Church oil y e Gallelei y er is a 
moste fyne large wyndowe" of glass being y e holl storie of 
y e Rute of Jessei" in most fyne couloed glas, verie fynely 
& artifiicially pictured & wrowght in coulers, veri goodly 
& pleasantlie to behoulde w th mary & christ in her armes in 
y c top of y e said wyndowe* in most fyne coulored glas also. 

(XXII.) The Galleley. 

Wherefore y c Chappell dedicated in y e honor of 
S l Mary was named & cauled y e galleley. 

And for the cumforth of all women & solace of y cr soules 
there was an aucyent Church in y e ferne-+ Hand where the 
church of that towne nowe standeth w ch was appoyted for 
women' to repaire vnto, both for y e hearing of masse for 
making there prayers, & receyving the sacramentf, for w ch 
cause there was a chappell maide & dedicated to y e blessed 
virgin Marie nowe cauled y e galleley. Vpo y e (37) 

1 A coaeval pen has altered "& Sacte Cuthb:'' into "unto S"cte Cuthb: 
shrine." 

- "37" is placed in the margin, prima maun ; "sten" is erased, and 
" certaine " written over, secunda manu. 

; This sentence is an insertion, secunda manu. 

■' So in all the MSS. (and editions, J. T. F.) but a mistake, no doubt, for 
Lindisfarne, or Holy Island, where there is a church so situated. — En. 



I UK GALILEE. 4,} 

namyng wherof is to be noted, as yo w may reade in the R°Hi 
booke entituled. The actes o( v I>. ca. 2(>. 

Hugo Bushop o\ Durh m who was consecrated in \" vcare 
of our L: god M.C. Liij at Koine l"»\' Pope Athanasius 
[Anastatius IV, Ed.]* vpo y e feaste day of S" Thorn's y° 
Apostle considering y e deligence of his pdecesso" in 
buylding the Cathedrall Church, w ch was finished but a fewe 
yeres before his tyme, no Chappell beinge then erected to 
y e blessed Virgin Marie, whereunto it should be lawful] for 
wo me to haue accesse, began to erect a newe pece of woorke 
at v c east end* of y e said Cathedrall church, for w ch worke 
there weare sundry pillers of m'ble stone brought from 
beyonde y° seas but this worke being" browght to a small 
height began throwghe great riftf apperinge' in y e same to 
fall downe, wherevpo yt manvfestlve appeared y l that worke 
was not acceptable to god' & holy S l Cuthb: especial lv by 
reason of y e accesse w ch women weare to haue so neare his 
fferreter. In eonsideratio wherof the woo'ke was left of, and 
a newe begun and finished at y e west angle of y e said 
church, wherunto yt was lawfull for women to enter, 
having no holie place before where thev mighte haue 
lawfull accesse vnto for there cumforthe and consolac'o. 

In that it is called the gallelev by reason* (accordinge as 
some thinke) of the translatinge of the same once begu and 
afterward removed, wherevpo it toke v c name of gallelev : 
to w ch place such as maid repaire vnto it had graunted vnto 
them sundry pdons, as more plainly appereth in a table 
there sett vp conteyning v l said pdons. 

With in y e said gallelei in v Cantarie being all o( 
most excellent blewe nible stood our La : alter, a verie 
sumptuous Monum 1 fynly adorned w lh curious wainscott 
woorke^ both aboue ye head, at y e back & at either end of 
the said alter, y e wainscott being devised cS: furnished w th 
most heavenly pictures so lyuely in cullers & gilting as \ [ 
they did gretly adorne y said alter wher o La : masse 
was song 1 daly by y m 1 of the song schole [cauled Mr. 
John Brimley, interlined], w ,h certaine decons & quiris- 
ters, the nv playing vpo" a paire of faire orgaines the tyme 

' "Adome song 1 ,' repeated in MS., at a joining of the paper. 



44 RITES OF DURHAM. 

Roll, of o La : messe, wherin 1 y c founder of y e said cliantaree 
Bushop Langlei* his soule was most devoutly praied for 
both in y° begying & ending therof, [This B. Langley did 
reedefye and buyld anew" agayne the sayd Galliley, 
interlined\ there was also belonging to y c said alter verey 
sumptious & gorgyous furneture not onely for y c pncipall 
feastf, but for ordenarv svice, and for y c pserving & saife 
keeping of these goodly sutf of vestmentf & ornam 1 ^ ap- 
(38) pteyninge to y c said alter ther was at either end therof 
behynd the portall two very fyne & close Aumeryes* all of 
wainscott wherin after y e celebrating of o~ La : mass they 
weare safely inclosed. 

Thomas Langley Bushop of Durh m lyeth buryed vnder 
a faire mble Towme* w th in y e said cantaree befor o~ La : 
alter he founded 1 vpo y c place grene a gram scoole & a 
songe schole w th yerly stipend f wherof two preestf weare 
maisters w ch dyde dayly say mass, & also daily prayed for 
his soule. [His amies be pallie, argent and vert, a mullet 
of ye first, H. 45 ; w ch are Pally of six arg: and vert a 
mullett argent., also in H. 45]. 

On y e north syde of y c saide Galleley was an alter called 
y c Lady of pieties alter* w th her pictur carryinge o~ saviour 
on hir knee as he was taiken from y c cross a very dolorouse 
aspecte. The saide alter was ordeyned for a Chantry 
preiste to saie mess euy holy Daie, having aboue the alter 
on y u wall thone pte of o~ saviours passio* in great pictures, 
the other pte being aboue Saynt Beede alter on y c south 
syde. 

There was on y e south syde betwixt two pillers* a goodly 
monum 1 * all of blew mble y c hight of a yeard from y c 
ground, supported w th v : pillers, In euy corn one, & vnder 
y u mydest one, & aboue y e said throwghe" of mble pillers 
did stand a second shrine to S l Cuthb : [a Shrine second to 
S l Cuthbert's, Edd. H., Sanderson] wherin y c bones of y ( ' 
holie man S l Beede was inshryned, being accustomed to be 
taiken downe euy festival daie when there was any sollempe 

2 Altered to " wherin ye fyrst founder of y e said chantaree and Bushop 
Langlei ther soules wer," so as to include Bishop Pudsey. Cos. and H. 44 
correspond with the alteration, but II. 45, L., C, and tlie editions with the 
original text of the Roll. 



THE GALILEE. 45 

pcession, and caried w th iiij mounckes in tyme of pcessio <S: Ro,, i 

■ ■ * • , , • 111 i i ' • i - |(>o °- 

devine svice w ch being ended they dyd convey yt into y e 

galleley & sett vt vpo v said tumbe againe [w th great 

revence, II. 45|, havinge a fair [rich, II. 45I couofwains- 

cott verie curiously gilted and appointed to drawe vp and 

downe over the shrine as they list to showe the sumptuous- 

ness therof. And for y further \eritie in this eneratio of 

S 1 Beedes shrine I haue sett downe y e verces w 1 ' are in the 

auncyent historie declaring both v tyme of his Translatio 

from S 1 Cuthb : Toume & w th all y e maker and founder o( 

v shrine in y e galleley. 

Hugo Bushopp of I)urh m after he had finished the 

Chappell called y galleley, did cause a fereter of gold t\: 

silver to be mayd wherin the bones of venerable bede 

preiste & docter (translated & removed from S l Cuthb : 

shrine) weare laid. In the first woorke wherof in y e lower 

pte therof thes verses vnder written were ingraven in Lattin, 

now translated into englishe, as follow 1 ' 1 . 

(39) In Cuius faretri prima fabricatura in pte 

inferiori isti versus sunt insculpti. 
Continet hec theca Bede venerabilis ossa 
Sensum factori Christus dedit atq^ datori 
Petrus opus fecit presull dedit hoc hugo donu 
Sit' in vtroqj suu veneratus vtruq^ patron ft. 
In Englishe as follow 1 ' 1 . 
This Coffin doth conteyne y e bones of venerable Beede 
Christ to the maker sence did geve, And to y e giver gold. 
One Peter framed y e worke y e cost Bushopp Hugo maid 
So Peter & Hugo Patrones both S l bede inclosed in molde. 
Anno millen CCC ter cum septuageno 
Post qua saluator came de virgine supsit 
Transtulit hoc feretru Cuth'i de ppe tumba 
Istius ecclesie Prior hue (poscente Richardo 
de castro dicto Bernardi) cuius et ossa 
non procul hinc lapide stib marmoreo" requiescunt. 

1 " Sit " in Roll, Cos., and II. 44, but " Sic " in C, I-., and all the editions, 
in accordance with the English "So." Bui the Latin line, as it stands, 
seems unintelligible whichever reading we take. If, however, for 
"utrumque" we read "uterque," and "Sir' at the beginning, the sense of 
the Latin is sufficiently clear. 



46 RITES OF DURHAM. 

Roll i In English as follow 1 ' 1 . 

. 1600. 

In the yeare of our Lord A thousand thre hundreth & 

seventy 
Richard of barnardcastle did most earnestly pcure, 
that y c bones of S l Beede lying nigh S l Cuthb: shryne 
should be translated into y c galleley there to remayne 
W ch Richard disceased, for y° love he did beare to Bede, 
caused his owne bones to be laid nere him vnder a nible 

stone in dead. 

It appeareth in the discription* of y e staite of v e church 
of Durh m that y e bones of S l Bede were first lavde in the 
monastery of Jarrowe and afterwards were browght to 
Durh m and placed in y e coffin [in a golden Coffin, 4 ' H. 45] 
on the right syde w th the body [of y e holy bodv, H. 45] of 
S l Cuthb'te. 

Elfridus a preaste in that tyme vte Anno Gra Mxx°, did 
affirme and certenly record, that one Coffyn dyd cou & 
conteyne both y e body of S* Cuthb'te & y c bones of 
venerable docter Bede. 

On the southe syde of y e said galleley was y e alter of S l 
Beede, before y e w ch alter lieth his bones and re(4o)liques 
interred vnder y e same place where his shrine was before 
exalted 1 [to whose Memory an elegant Epitaph fairly 
written on Velom hangs upon the adjoining wall. Notice 
of Sir George Wheler and his Monument in Hunter's 
editions and in Sanderson's]. 

Adioyninge vnto y e lower pte of y e great wyndow in y e 
weste end of the said gallelee was a faire Iro pulpitt," w th 
Barsse of Iron for one to hould them by, going vp y e 
stepes vnto y e pulpett where one of the Mounckf did cume 
euy holy day & Sunday to preach at one of y e clock y e after 
noone. 

In y e west end of y e south angle 1 was a founte for 
baptising of children* when y e realme was interdicted* by 
y c Pope w ch Thomas Langley Bushop of Durh 111 did onely 
,pcure as a pviledge vpo speciall favour at the Popes 
handes. 



So in all the MSS. and editions. 



THE GALILEE. 47 

[Ther are in this place {the Galilee), and all y church MS. "• 15 
aboute dills faire windowes richly wrought w lh pictures & 
imagery o( S ls w ch are now altogether broken \v ,h I doe 
forbeare to menc'on in this place for want of Roome and 
tyme, onely 1 haue here incerted some thinges y l were 
written soe near as they could be redd, scil't. H. 45 1. 
('/'he writer proceeds to give a few notices of the pictures a nit 
their inscriptions, of which the Roll contains a copious 
account as follows :) 

Also in v west end of v said Gallelev there be foure Roll, 
faire coulored & sumptuous glasened wyndowes.* In the c ' ' ' 
iirst towards y'' south there are three faire lightf. The 
mvdle lighte having- in yt y e picture of christe as he was 
crucified on y e crosse most curiously payted & wrowghte 
in glasse w th y e sonne & y L ' moone above the head therof. 

In V highest pte of w ch light ther is y e picture of y e 
starre \v ch appered vnto y e thre wise men or kingf of 
Colleine vnderneth depictured, directing them into y e east 
to search out y c new borne child Jesu y e holy one, borne 
betwixt an ox & an asse to offer vnto him oblac'ons & 
sacrifices of gold, myrr, & frankensence, together w lh the 
picture of o Ladye v° virgin marie w th Christe naked 
sitting vpo hir knee, in most fyne coulored glasse. 

In the light towardf the north is dipictured God 
almightie having in his hand a ball or globe conteyning & 
signvfving the heaven earth & sea. And in vnder that v e 
salutac'on of y ( " Angell Gabriell maid to y 1 ' blessed virgin 
marie & y e picture of y holie ghost appearing to hir in the 
likenes of a doue in fyne coulored glasse also. 

In y e light towardf the southe is y e picture of c blessed 
lady as she assumpted into heaven, ascended, glorified, & 
crowned, and vnderneth that y e picture of o blessed lady 
w ll) Christ new borne naked, sitting of hir knee, & sucking 
of hir brest very liuely sett furth all in fine colored glasse. 

(41) In the second conteyning vj° faire lightf of 
glasse seued by stone thre aboue & thre beneath, The 
mydle light aboue hath y picture of S l Cuthbert moste 
lyvely coulored in glasse in his ordinarie episcopall appell 



48 RITES OF DURHAM. 

Roll < to say masse \v th his myter on his head & a crosier or 
pastorall staffe in his lefte hand having the Image of S l 
Oswoldf head painted vpo his brest vpholden w th his right 
hand all in fyne coulo r ed glase. Vnder whose feate at v° 
lowest pte of his picture is drawen or written in glasse. 

Sanct 9 Cuthb'tus quondam Lindisfarnensis Epis- 
copus et huius Ecclesie et patrie* maximus patronus. 

The liefht on v e north syde of S l Cuthb: hath y e picture 
of S l Beede in his blewe habitt appell,* in fyne couhed 
glasse, in under y e foote of whose picture is in glasse 
writtin. 

Santus Beda, qui vitam Sancti Cuthberti et multa 
alia ab ecclesia approbata coscripsit, cuius ossa in 
hac Capella in feretro cotenta. 

The light on y e south syde of S l Cuthb't hath y e picture 
of Aydanus y e Bushop most artificially sett furth in fyne 
coulo ed glasse, as he was accustomed to say masse, with 
his myter on his head and a crosier staffe in his left hand, 
vnder whose feete this is written. 

Sanctus Aidanus Episcopus Lindisfarnensis Eccle- 
sie primus prius in hac Sanctissima Dunelmensi 
ecclesia fuit p>orat p . * 

Vnder whose iij lightf by a ptic'6, are iij moe large 
pictures in fyne coloed glasse most curiously depictured, 
conteyning y e Imagf of Aldun 9 , Edmundus & Eata iij 
Bushopf of lindisfarne in fyne coulo ed glasse, as they 
weare accustomed to say masse, w th there myters on there 
headf , & there crosier staves in there lefte handf. Vnder 
v e feete of Eata his picture, is written. 

Santus Eata Lindisfarnensis Episcopus. 

And aboue in y e highest pte of this wyndow, ar six 1 i tie 
glasned lightf* in tower man in fyne coulo ed glasse 
conteyninge some pte of y e historie of Christt natiuitie the 
manage in gallelie & his miracles done vpo y e earth. 

' So in all the MSS. and editions, quite wrongly, of course. 



THK GALILEE. 49 

(42) In y third wyndowe being most faire and sumptuous Ro11 - 
are also six lightf soiled as before, in the highest pte therof 
are iij fyne portered [portred, Cos.; purtrayed, L. ; portraied, 
C. ; portraid, II. 44 1 pictures in fyne colored glasse, the 
mydle being y [mage of y glorious <!v. blessed virgin 
mary w th christe in her amies most excellentlie wrowght 
in glasse, vnder whose feete is writtin. 

Sancta Maria. 

And on the north svde of her is v picture of S l Oswold 
the king in fyne coulo ed glasse verie Trymly sett furthe 
w th a faire crosse in his hand, vnder whose feete is written. 

Sanct^ Os\vold u fundator sedis Episcopalis Lin- 
disfarnnensis que nunc est dunelmesis, cui° anima 
in feretro S l Cuthberti est humata. 

And on y l south syde of her is y* picture of holie Kinge 
Henry* in fyne coulored glasse w th his princely scepter in 
his hand, vnder whose feete is written. 

Rex Henric g . 

Vnder them in other iij faire large lightf oppositlie & 
firste to S l Marie is placed y e picture of Thorn's Langlev 
Bushop most curiouslie & worthelie in fyne coulo ed glasse 
\v th his myter on his head & his crosier staffe in his lefte 
hand as he was accustomed to say masse, having his armes 
verie excellentlie blasened in fine coulo ed glasse aboue his 
head, he being a most famous benefacter in reedifvinge and 
buylding againe this place called y gallelev as most tritely 
& largly is recorded in y- Historie of y monasticall Church 
of Durh m vnder whome is written. 

Thorns Langley Rector 1 ecclesie ad honorem dei 
ep'us dunelm., et duas cantarias in ead. funda 1 et 
dotauit. 

And vnder S 1 Oswold is y picture of Wilfrid Bushop in 
fyne couloed glasse as he was accustomed to say masse 
w lh his myter on his head & his crosier staffe in his lefte 
hand, vnder whose feete is written. 

■ This MS. has " Recter." 
4 



50 RITES OF DURHAM. 

Ro11 ' Sanct y Wilfrid ° p'mo Lindisfarnensis monachus 
post Abbas Ripensis vltimo archiep us hborasensis, 
vno aiio rexit Kp'atum Lindisfarnesem. 

(43) And vnder king Henrie is y c picture of Bushop 
Cedda in fyne couloed glasse as he was accustomed to say 
masse w th his myter on his head and his crosier staffe in 
his lefte hand exquisitelie shewed vnder whose fete is 
writte. 

Sanct 9 Cedda pimo Lindisfarnensis monachus post 
Abbas in Lestingham trib t; annis rexit Archiep'atu 
Eborasensem, et etifi rexit ep'atum Ligchfeilde. 

And in this wyndowe aboue all are six litle glasened 
towre wyndowes* in fyne coulo ed glasse, conteyninge the 
flight of christe, Josephe & S l Marie into ^gipt beinge 
pursued by Herode, & y e moste pte of y e storie thereof. 

In the fourth there be also six faire lightf seiied as 
before conteyning iij faire large pictures in iij lightf in y e 
higher pte, most exactlie fashioned being y e Imagf of iij 
holie kingt most goodly and bountifull to y e church and to 

5 1 Cuth: vi^ Alured Gudred & Elfride" most princely 
decked & framed in ther royall apparrell w th there scepters 
in ther handf in fyne coulo - ' ed glasse, of whose liberalilye 
(sic) & mveilous munificence y e historie of S l Bede doth 
make mentio.* Vnder whome are pictured in larg pictures 
in fyne coulo'ed glasse iij Bushopes of Lindisfarne as they 
weare accustomed to say masse w th there myters on there 
headf and there crosier staves in there left handf . Vnder 
there feete is to be seene. Sanct 9 Godfridus 1 Lindis- 
farnensis. S H) Ethelwold 9 Lindisfarnensis. The 
third no name to be decerned saving Episcopus. All w lh 
pictures aforesaid are most largly and sumptuously sett 
fourth in there formall appell, as ys affore discribed. 



1 All the MSS. have "Godfridus," and all the editions " Egfridus." There 
was no bishop of Lindisfarne of either name ; the former is probably a 
misreading of " Eadfridus." The third was most likely " Eadbertus," 



BURIAL OF MONKS. 5 1 

In the higfhesl pte o{ w cn wyndowe arc six litlc towrc Ro11 - 

... ." . ., . c. 1 boo. 

wyndowes fynely colored and glasened, conteyni ge the 
most pte of v storie o( Christf death, buryall, resurrection, 

and ascension, most excellentlve sett fnrth pictured «\: 
discribed in fine colo ed glasse. 

(XXIII.) The Rvte or Custome [Rytes and ceremonies, 
II. 45] of the Church of Durham in Buryingfe of 

Mounckes. 

The Mouncke so soune as lie sickneth is conveyed with 

all I44] his appurtinans or furniture, from his owne chamber 

in [owte of, H. 45I y Dorter to an other in y e ferm'ery* 

|another chamber in y e place called Domus infirmorii 

comonly called y fermerey, H. 45], where he might haue 

both fvre & more convenyent kepinge, for that they weare 

allowed no fyre in y 1 ' Dorter. And at such tyme as ytt 

appeared to them that accumpeyned him in his sicknes that 

he was 1 not lykly to lvve, they sent for y e pors chaplaine 

who staied w th him till he yealded y L ghoste, then y e barber 

was sent for* whose office is to put downe y e clothes & 

baire him, and put on his feet sockf and bowtf [his foote 

sockes, and his bootes, H. 45], and so to wynde hime in his 

cowle and habett, then is he fro thence Immediatly Carved 

to a chamber called y L Dead manes chamber in y said 

Farmery & there to remayne till nyght. [Then was he 

vmediatelv removed owte of y e fermery into a Roome called 

V' dead mans chamber, over 7v c/l was ye Library of latter 
j 1.1 

tymes, 2 and ther to remayne vntill night, H. 45]. The pors 

chaplaine so soune as that he ys woune & conveyed into y 

dead manes chamber, doth lock y e chamber dour where he 

dyed & carved v key to y e por. At nyght ys he removed 

fro y dead manes chamber into S l Andrewes chappell, 

adiovning to the said chamber & Pmery, there to remayne 

till eight of V clock in y mornynge, y said chappell being 

a place onelv ordeyned for sollempe devoc'6, the nyght 

befor there funeral les in this maner Two mounckes either 

in kinred or kyndness y nerest vnto him, were appoynted 

1 "them" to "was'" repeated in MS., at a joining of the paper. 
The words in italics are added in ilu> margin. 



52 RITES OV Dl'RIIAM. 

Roll, by V por to be speciall murners, syttinge all nyghte on 
' ther kneys* at y e dead corsses feet. Then were y e chyldren 
of thaumerey* sitting on there knees in stalls of eyther syd 
y e corpes appoynted to Read Dav: spalter* all nyght oil 
incessanly till y e said o" 1 of eight a clock in y e mornyng at 
w ch tyme y e corse was conveyed to y e chapter house" where 
y e [Lord, H. 45] por & y e hole covent did meat hime & 
there did say there Dergie* [Dirges, H. 45] and Devotio* 
not being pmytted that any should cume neare y e chapter 
house duringe y e tyme of ther devotio & praiers for his 
soule, & after there deuoc'6 y e dead corpes was caryed by 
y e mounckes from the chapter house thorowgh y c pier* a 
place for mchauntf to vtter ther waires, standing betwixt 
y e chapter house & y e church dour, & so Throwghe y e sayd 
pier into y e sentuarie garth where he was buryed [and a 
challice of wax" laid vpo his brest (45) w th hime] 2 havinge his 
blew bedd houlden over his grave by iiij mouckf during his 
funeralls, w ch Bed is dew to y e Barber for his dewtie 
aforesaide & y e making of his grave" and at y L> tyme of his 
Buryall ther was but one peile Rounge for him. 3 

(XXIV.) The Rite or Custoume in 
Buryinge of Pryors. 4 

The Priors of the house of Durh m was accustomed to be 
buryed in the oulde tyme in his bootes & woune in his 
Coole by y e Barber accordingly as y e mounkf was 
accustomed to be buryed, that is to say he was caryed furth 
of his Lodginge in to a chamber in y e farniye called the 
Deade manes chamber & there did Remayne a certen 
spaice, and at nyght he was caried into a chapell over 
against the said chamber dore called S ;1 cte Andrewes 
chappell and was watched all that night w th the children of 
y e almery Reading Davides spalter over him, and ij 
mounckes either in kindred or kyndnes was appointed to 
sitte all night at his feete mourninge for him, and in the 

1 "hour," secunda manu. - Seninda manu. 

1 " Rounge for hime," at joining- of the paper. 

1 MS. Hunter 45 enters into no detail on the burial of a Prior, but 
merely states that it " was in eu'y respect p'formed accordinge to the 
buryinge of y Monckes." 



PRIORS BURIED OUT OF CEMETERY. ,=>,} 



morninge he was carved in to the chapter house <S: there R°Hi 
did sollemne sviee for hime as the mounckes had at tliere 
buryall, from thence he was carved thorowgh the plor into 
the Sentory garthe there to be buryed |\vher euy one of 
them did Iv vnderneth a fair m'ble stone and |' the mounckes 
& Barber did burye hime w th a litle cliallice of silver," other 
mettell, or wax, w ch was laid vpo his brest w th in his cofline, 
and his blewe bedde was holden over hime by iiij mounckes, 
till he was buryed, and the barber had it for his paynes, for 
makinge of his grave and buryinge of hime, as he had for 
the mounckes. 2 

And afterward the pors came to be interred & buryed 
w lh in the abei Church of Durisme and not in the centori 
garth in thes latter daies as follow 1 ' 1 . 

(XXV. The names of the Priors buried out of 
the Centory Garth.) 

The names of all y c pors of Durh m as weere buryed out 
of y e centory garth w th in y L ' abei church of Durisme in y 
same order & habitt w th [the mitre and, Dav.] all other 
there furnyture belonging therto, as there pdicessors was 
(46) buryed before theme in y e centori garth as is 
afforesaid in euy respectf ; all w ch pors were great 
Benefacto ,b to y c said church both during y er lives & at ther 
death as ye historie of y e church more at larg declareth. 

Johafies fosser was y first por that en attempted to 
be burved w th in the abei church out of y e centori garth. 

Robert Berrington de Walworth por dyd first opteyne 
the vse of v c myter with ye Crutch3 or staffe. 
Johafis Hemyngbrowghe prio 1 . 
Johafies Weshington por. 
Will' ni° libchester por. 



Johafies Burnby por. 
Robert Ebchester por. 

' "by" erased, and these words in brackets interlined secunda mantt. 
-' " The Bnshopes of Durhm were wounte in an," erased, comes liere 

at a joining of the paper. 

; The words u ye crutch or" are struck out. ami "his crosier" placed 
above, secunda mantt. 



54 RITES OF DURHAM. 

Roll, Johafies Aukeland prio r . 

C. l600. jjL ,„ Q 

1 homas Castell por. 

Hugo Whithead" died at London & lieth buried in y e 
church of y e mineres nyghe y c towre of Londo. He was 
y e laste por of ye church of Durisme [and the first Deane. j 1 

[Robert Home," d'c'or of Devinity Deane after hym. 
H. 45, secunda manu.] 

The Bushopes of Durisme weare wounte in auncyent 
tyme to be interred and Buryed in y e foresaid Chapter 
house, standing in y e easte alley of y e cloysters 2 in that they 
would not psume to ly any nearer to holie S a cte Cuthb: 
whose naymes heare after ensew 1 ' 1 [because they woold 
not presume to lye neere the holy body of St. Cuthb., theire 
names are ingrauen uppon the stones under w ch they lye in 
the Chapter house, with the signe of the crosse annexed to 
the end of theire said names. Cos.]i 

(47) (XXVI.) A Catalog of y e Bushops of Durh m * 
whose bodies ar found buryed in y e chapter 
house of Durisme as appereth by ther names 
in graven vpo stone w th y e signe of the crosse 
annexed to etiy of there said names. 

[t%t Aydanus Ep'us, H. 45] [qui obijt Anno Dom. 651. 
Cos. ] 

[There were many betwixt this Aydanus & theis 
menc'ond who were bpps of Lindisfarne now called Holy 
Hand before they came to Durham but noe notable Acts 
done by them but I referr y e reader to my other booke 
where are at lardge. H. 45, secunda manu]. 

*fc Aldunus ep'us [Aldwinus the first Bpp of Duresme 
and first founder of the Abby Church, Anno Domini: 990. 
Cos. ] 

>fr Hadmud ep'us. [These two were buried under one 

*Z* Kadred" ep'us. j stone. 1 

1 "and the first Deane " is in a different, but apparently a coaeval hand. 

' Dr. Hunter has written opposite to this paragraph in Cos., " This is 
better related in Mrs. Milner's manuscript." 

5 " Sayncte Cuth. whose names hereafter ensew*" here follows at a 
joining of the paper. 



BISHOPS BURIED IN CHAPTER HOUSE. 55 

[Eadmundus, forte fortuna a monachis dissidentibus Ro11 - 

electus, who dyed at Gloster, and was translated thenee to 
bee buryed in the chapter house. Anno Dom. 1048. 
Cos. I 

*fa Walcher^ ep'us. This Walter bishop was buried 
with Aldunus under one stone.' [Short read good read 
slay vee v bpp. II. 45, secunda manu]. 

[hee was slaine in the Church at Gateside in Newcastle, 
and was buryed priuatly in the Chapter house under the 
same stone with Aldwinus, without any inscriptio ouer 
him. 1 08 1. Cos.] 

»i* Will'm's ep'us, 

[Guilielmus i ep's de Karlipho with Malcorae kinge of 
Scotts,* and Turgott then prior of this church did pull 
downe the old church builded by Aldwinus and did lay the 
foundation of this church as it now is : theis three layinge 
the first three stones thereof in the foundation : July the 30: 
or as others say : Aug. 11 1093. Cos.] 

»I« Ranulphus* ep'us. [W™ Rufus preferred him for 
his owne ends. H. 45, secunda /nana.] 

*%< Gaufrid ep'us. 

*b Will's s'edus ep'us. 

*b Hugo de Puteaco," ep'us. [King Steph. was his 
vncie.* H. 45, secunda /nana]. (47) 

*h Philipp i; " ep'us. 

*k Rich'us de marisco* ep'us. 

*i* Nicholas de farnh'm* ep'us. 

*h Walter 1 '' de Kirkha* ep'us. 

»i* Rob't Stichell ep'us. [Prior of Finckley founded 
y c Hospitall of Greetham and gaue y e landes of Symon 
Mounford w ch was forfeited <S: he recoiled them of y king 
cS: gaue them to y Hospitall w ch in Value att v Dissoluc'on 
97//. 6s. §d. oh. p Ann. II. 45, secunda manu.] 

<i* RobV de Insula ep'us. | Both thes ly buried 

►I* Rich'us de Kellow" ep's. J before y e bushops 

seat vnder two ni'ble stones, w th ther immagC in brasse 

curiouslie graven [but now defaced. Cos.] 



56 RITES OF DURHAM. 

Roll, A° 1086. About w ch tyme king Malcolme caused" y old 



c. 1600. 



church of Durisme to be plucked downe & buyldyd vp a 
newe, begininge evin at y° firste floore. In w ch season, one 
Egelwyn* or Willia (as y e scotishe wryters haue) was 
bushop of that Sea, & por of the abbay was one Turgot, 
who afterward was maid Bushop of S l Andrewes, and wrote 
y L> lyves of queue Margaret" & Malcolme hir husband in y u 
scottishe tongue. 

>J< This Turgotus* prio" of Durisme [who laide one of the 
first 3 stones in the foundation of this church, Cos. ] was 
afterward consecrated bushop [translated by Malcome 
Kinge of Scotts to the Bpprick, Cos.) of S l Andree in 
Scotland, A° d'ni. M.C.ix vpon whose request & petitio at 
his death he was carried to Durisme, & lyeth buried in y 1 -' 
chapter house of Durisme there emongf the rest of y c 
Bushops.* 

In the w ch chapter howse in y c upp end is a fair stall or 
seat of stone,* [chaire of stone, Cos.] where y e Bushopes 
haue bene [& are] 1 till this day installed being also a place 
where y e Bushope doth nowe keape his visitatio [when hee 
holds his Visitation for the Cathedrall church, and next to 
it is a chaire of wood fastened in the wall where the Priors 
did and the Deanes doe now sit at the s d uisitations. Cos.] 
Within [adjoyninge, H. 45 ; in the south side of, Cos.] y e 
said chapter house was a psoune" for the Mounckes 
[wherunto those monkes were committed for a certaine 
space, Cos.] for all suche light offences as was done 
amonges them selves. 2 

In the said Chapter house aboue the chapter house door 
(49) there is a faire glasse wyndowe" beinge the hole storie 
of the Rute of Jessei in most fyne couloed glas, verie 
fynelie and artifficiallie picturd and wrowght in the said 
coulo' ed glasse verey goodlie & pleasantlie to behoulde w th 
marie & christ in her armes in y e top of y u said wyndowe 
in most fyne coulored glas also. 



1 Interlined. 

* "Amonges them selves" repealed at joining of the paper. 



BURIAL OF BISHOPS. 37 

(XXVII.) The Ryte or Custume in 

Bury i noc of Bushoppes 

in y' chapter house. 

The Bushopes of Durisme when as they dyed was 
broweht to ye abbei church of I)urh m to he interred and 
buyned, the por and mounckes of Durham dyd meite hime 
at the abei church garth gate at y 1 ' place grene and 
Receyved hime there, & brought hime thorough the 
said church into y L ' chapter house to be buryed, at which 
Burial] there was vsede greate solempnytye and devoe'on 
by y° P'or and the Mounckes of that church of Durisme, 
according to y e Customable burying of y e Bushopes in y 
auncyente tyme. The accustomed burying of y e Bushopes 
in that tyme was to be buried as he was accustomed to say 
masse w lh his albe & stole and phannell* & his vestm 1 
[and other uestments, Cos. ], w th a myter on his heade, and 
his Crutch* 1 w lh him, and so laied in his Cofiine, w th a litle 
challice* of sylver, other mettell, or wax ; w ch wax challice 
was gilted verie fynly about y L ' edge & knoppe in y e myddes 
of y e shanke of y 1 ' challice, and abonte y e edge of y e patten 
or coti, (S: y e foote of it also was gilted which one of y L ' 
said challices [which Challice, Cos.] was sett or laide vpo 
his breast in y r coftine w th hime and y con therof nayled 
downe to yt, And verie solemne svice don at there 
funeral If. 

The Prio' and y e mounckes had y e horsses, charette, 
and all other thinges w ch came w ,h hime, [the deceased 
Bi'i», Cos.] being dewe vnto theme by ther Auncient 
Custoume, as mur plainly doth appeare in y e historie of y 
church of Durisme at large. * 

And afterward the Bushopes came to be interred and 
Buryed w th in the abbay church of Durisme, and not in the 
Chapter house in these latter daies as follow" 1 . (50) 



Roll, 

;. 1O00. 



1 Struck out and "Crosier slaffe" interlined secunda manu; "Crosier 
staffe" i-i Cos., 1.., C, and II. 44 ; so in editions. 



58 RITES OF DURHAM. 

Roll, (XXVIII. Bishops buried within the Abbey Church). 
1600. 

The names of all the Bushops of Durisme as weare 

Sumpteouslye Buried out of y e ehapter house, w th in the 

Abbaie churche of Durisme, in such forme and fashio as 

they weare accustomed to saie mass, w th all there furniture 

belonging therto as there pdicessors [Ancestors, H. 45] 

had in the chapter house as is afforesaid, in eiiy respectes, 

as by there seuall raonum'f over theme ik inscriptions 

therevpo may appeare. All which Bushops were great 

benefacturs to the said church both duringe there lyves, 

and at there death as the historie of y c church more at large 

declareth. 

Anthony Beeke Bushop of Durisme and patriarche of 
Hierusalem was [bury ed betwixt y e 2 Alters of S l Adyan & 
S l Ellen in y c vtmoste East end of y e Church on y c North 
side of S l Cuthb: shrine in a faire Marble Tombe* vnder a 
lardge Marble stone beinge, H. 45] the first Bushop that 
eu attempted to be buried in the abbay church out of the 
chapter house, and to lye so neare the sacred shrine of 
S a cte Cuthbert. [y c wall beinge broken* downe att y e end of 
y° Alley to bringe hym in w th his Coffin w ch contynued 
vntill y c suppression of y L ' Abbey, H. 45.] [And y e first 
Layman y l ever had any lycense to be buried w th in y c s d 
Church was Raphe Lord Nevile" al's Daw-Raby first Earle 
of Westniland 1 and John Lord Nevile his sonne w th theire 
wives who was admitted to be buried in y c body of y c s d 
Church betwixt Two Pillers in y c South Angle of y e same 
Whose Tombes were standinge very lately vntill the Scottes 
were brought Prisoners from Dunbarr and ymprisoned 
w th in y c saide Church in y e yeare 1651 w ch now are vtterlye 
defaced, they had the honno to be buried for y c great 
battayle they wonn att Durham where they tooke David 
Kinge of Scots Prisoner and where his brother was slayne 
w lh many More of y c Nobility of Scotland, soe itt may 
seeme y l y L Scotts defaced ther Tombes in remembrance of 
that, but more of this shall follow of the manner of y l 
battel 1. H. 45]. 

1 This is a mistake. The first Earl of Westmoreland was the grandson 
of the above. 



i hi: cemetery garth. 5g 

(sO Lodowicus Bellomonte ep'us. Ro,, i 

Ricard' de Berye ep us. 
Thorn's Hatfeilde* opus. 
Walter Schirley' ep'us. 
Thorn's Langley* ep'us. 
Robert Neivell ep'us. 

Cuthbert? Tunstall, ep'us, being at Commandem 1 w th 
tharchbushoppe of Canterbery, at Lambethe, there dved a 
professed Catholicke, and lyethe buryed in the Church of 

Lambeth, where he was first maid Bushop. 1 

[Cuthbert Tunstall Bpp, beinge depriued of his BPPricke 
by queene Kliz : was kept prisoner in the Arehbi'i's house 
at Lambeth where hee dyed and was buryed under a faire 
marble in the Parish Church of Lambeth where hee was 
consecrated Bw 40 yeares before. Cos. ] 

(XXIX. The Centry Garth.) 

Ait y caste end of the said Chapter howse [At the south 
side of the quire, Cos.] there is a garth called y v centric 
garth" where all the pors & mounckes was buryed, in v" 
said garthe there was a vaulte all sett' w th in of either syd 
w th maiso wourke of stone [free stonn, Cos.], $c likewise at 
eyther end, tS: oil y myddes of y e said vaut, there dvd lv 
a faire throwgli stone X: at either svde of the stone was 
open [was a place open, Cos.] so that when any of y 
mounckC, was burved Looke what bones was in his grave, 
they wer taiken when he was buryed <Sj throwne in v 
saidc vault w cl1 vaut w r as maid for v r same purpose [to be a 
Charnell house to cast dead mens bones in,* Cos. ] 

Also ther was dyuf gentleme oi good wourship that was 
buryed in y said centric garth, because they would be 
buryed [they desyred to lye, Cos.] neare vnto y l holy ma 
S'ct Cuthb: and amongf all other there was one gentlema 
of (52) good worn (sic) cauled Mr. Rackett \\ was buryed in 
y e said centry garth nigh vnto v i.\ alters dour over against 
y c holy ma S 1 Cuthb: [S 1 Cuthberts shrine, Cos.] w dl had 
a faire to um be over him & a fair white Bible stone aboue 

1 "done amonges theme selves at a joining ol the paper. 



6o RITES OF DURHAM. 

Roll, ye S aid toumbe, wheron was pictured very curyouslye y e 

c. iooo. pj ctur f y. e sa j c j ]yj n R ac kett all in Brasse in his cote 

arm w th his sword girdyd about him to his side, and at 

euy corn of y c said mble stone one of y° iiij evangelistf 

all in Brass likwise [cutt in brasse, Cos. ] 

There was an other gentleman called Mr. Elmden which 
was buryed in the said garth hard w th out the nyne alter 
Dure, [besides him, Cos.] w th a faire throwgh stone aboue 
hym : w 1 ' 1 dyiise other gentleme whiche was buryed there 
tyme out of memory all w ch ar now defaced & gone 1 [whose 
memoryes are now perished, Cos.] 

Also in the saide place where all the Priors and 
Mounckes was buryed in auncyent tyme called the 
Centorie garth all which Prio ,s , when thei diede had euy 
one a goodlie fair throwgh stone layd vpo their Toumbes 
or graves: Some of them of mble and some of free stone, 
[a tombestone either of marble or free stone, Cos. ] which 
stones Deane Whittingh: did cause to be pulled downe 
[taken away, Cos.] and dyd breake and deface all such 
stones as had any pictures [of brass or other imagerie 
worke, interlined] or challices wrought vpo theme. And 
the Residewe he caried them all awaie, and did occupie 
theme to his owne vse & dide make a washinge howse of 
many of them [at the end of the Centorye garth, Cos.] for 
women Landerers to washe in, so that it cannott be 
decernyd at this psent that eu any hath bene buried in the 
said Centorie garth yt is maid so plaine and streight [euen, 
Cos.] for he could not abyde anye auncyent monum'f, nor 
nothing that appteyned to any godlie Religiousnes or 
monasticall liffe. [by which act hee shewed the hatred 
that hee bare to the memories of his predecessors in 
defacinge so rudely theire ancient and harmlesse monu- 
ments, Cos.] 

(XXX. Holy-Water Stones). 

And also w lll in the said abbei church of Durisme y el 
was two Holy Water stones" of fyne mble very artificially 
maide and grave and bost w th hollowe Bosses vpo y c outer 

1 A heading, " The Cloysters," here follows at a joining of the paper. 



HOLY-WATER STONES. 6l 

sydes of v r stones verie fvnly & curiouslie wrowghte. Ko11 - 
The stone at y e north dor [of the church, Cos.] was a fair 
grete large one, the other at y e south dor was not halfe so 
great nor so large, but of y e same worke that y e other was 
of, (53) w ch two holie water stones was take awaie* by Deane 
Whittingha <S: carved into his kitching & put vnto 
pfayne vses : and ther stoode during his liffe in w dl stones 
thei dvd stepe v CI beefe and salt fysh in havinge a 
conveiance in v bottomes of them for letting furth y<- 
water, as thei had when they weare in the church. And 
|after his death, Cos.] the great holie water stone is 
removed into the lower end of y 1 ' Deanes Buttrie where the 
Water Counditt is sett, & next vnto ye Wyne Seller, wher 
in now thei [that therein the seruants might, Cos. ] wash 
and make cleane ther pottf and cuppes before they sve 
theme at v L ' table. The foote of y e said greater holie water 
stone was laid w th out y° church dor, and now yt is [was 
afterwards, Cos. ] placed in y e earthe in Lambes shop y 
black smyth vpo fframygaite brige end : and is there 
now to be sene.* 

Moreoii M ris Whittingha after the death of her husband 
toke awaie the lessor holie water stone out of y e Deanes 
kitching, and browght yt into her howse in y e bailye 
I north balye, Cos. ; North Bailev, H. 44; old bayly (in 
Durham), L. ; the (blank) Bayly, C. ; North Bailv, Dav. J 
& sett it there in her kitchinge, & also did carrye awaie 
dvtise grave stones, of Blewe nible & other throwgh 
stones, that did lv vpo y v pors & mounckes out of 
y centrie garth when she buylded her house in the 
balev, w ch stones some of theme ar laid in y 1 ' Threshold of 
y dores, and two great ones lyeth w lh out the doures oil 
against the waule before her dor [before her front stead, Cos., 
H. 44], for the w ch facte she was com play ned vpo and so 
laid those two \\ lll out y e dour that before was maid wall 
fast w lh in her house [w ch howse came after to 1 Mr. Jo: 
Barnes and after to Mr. Jo: Richardson who lived theire 
a longe season but in his tyme ther came an olde man w th 
comly gray hayres to begg an Almes, and lookeinge 

' From this point to the end of the extract tin- writing of MS. II. 4^ U 
different. 



62 RITES OV DURHAM. 

Roll, aboute hym vpon y e Tombe stones w ch lay in y c court 
' yard saide to y e pty y l came to hym that whilest those 
stones were theire nothinge wolde prosper aboute v" howse 
and after dius of his children & others dyed so he caused 
them to be removed into y e Abbey yard wher now thev 
are" but before y e Almes came to serve y e man he was 
gone and never seen after w ch saide howse is since sould 
by Mr. Jo: Richardson his grandchild to one Ambrose 
Myers,* a Plommer. this is verified bv dills nowe livinge. 
H. 45.] Thus mai yo w se how godli thingf, which ar 
maid for y e vse of gods svice in y e church ar put now to 
pfayne vses, w ch were ordeyned affortvme for good & 
godly vses in y e church. [thus these sacred monum ls 
which were erected to continue y e memories of good men 
here on earth shee rased and abused them by imploving 
them to prophane vses. H. 44.] (54) 

(XXXI. A Song School in the Centorv Garth.)* 

There was in y e Centorie garth in vnder y e south end of 
y e church, cauled ye south end of y ix alters [in y e 
Sanctuarv yard att y e backe syde of y L ' ix Alters, H. 45] 
betwixt two pillers" adioyning to y L ' ix alter Dour, a song 
schoole buylded, for to teach vj children for to learne to 
singe for y e mayntenance of gods Divine svice in y e 
abbey church, w ch Children had there meat and there 
drinke of y e house coste amonge the children of thalmarie,* 
w ch said schoole was buylded many yers since w th out 
memorie of man, before the suppression of y e house : and 
y e said schoole [was builded together with the church, and 
Cos.] was verie fynely bourded w lh in Rownd about a 
mannes hight about y u waules and a long deske [did 
reache, Cos.] frome one end of y e scoole to thother to laie 
there bookes vpo, and all the floure Bourded in vnder 
foote for warmnes, and long formes sett fast in y e ground 
for y e Children to sitt on. And y e place where y L " m 1 did 
sitt* & teach was all close bordede both behinde and of 
either syde for warmnes, And y e said m r was bownd [his 
office was to teach those 6 children to singe and Cos. 1 to 
plaie on y ( orgains eiiy pncipall daie, when y e mounckf 



THE CLOISTERS. 63 

did sino- ther high messe & likewise at evinsong, but v Ro ''> 
niouiiekC when thei weare at there mattens & svice at mya- 
nighte, thene one of y said mounckf did plaie on theorgains 
themeselves & no otber, so that y nv was not bownd to 
plaie but on v pneipall dates in \" high messe tyme & at 
evinsqng as is afforsaide. Also y e m 1 of y said Childrin 
bad his chamber nyghe vnto y said schoole a litle distant 
from it where he did live, having his meite & drinke in y 
pors ball, emongf v pors gentleme* and all his other 
necessaries found of y-' por tS: of y e house coste besydf, 
vntill such tyme as y e bouse was supprest, and shortlie 
after because ther was no techinge in that scoule any 
long , but tawght in an otber place or scoule appointed 
for y 1 purpose, so that y e foresaid scoole in y e Centorie 
garth is clene gone to decaie and pulled downe that one 
cannot tell almost" in what place yt did stand. 

(XXXII.) The Cloysters.i 

The xiij yere (sic) of y e Callandf ; of aprill 'DC'lxxxvij 
[6S4, Cos. and H. 44, wrongly; 687, L., C, rightly] S n cte 
Cuthbert endyd his liffc, and was buryed in Holy Eland 
(where he was buship iij° yeres) in S a cte Peters church, (55) 
by y e alter of v e east svde in a grave of stone that was for 
hi me maid to be buried in, & also xj° yere after that he had 
bene beryed & lyne there, in S a cte Peters church in Holy 
eland, he was taken out of y ground the xiij° of the 
callandf of aprill in v same Callendf that he dyed in, 
whole King like to a ma sleping, being found saife «S: 
vncorrupted & lveth waike,* and all his masse clothes saife 
& freshe as thev weare at ye first houre that they weare put 
on him, and inshrvned him in a fereture light* [a little, 
Cos., H. 44, L., C, Dav. 2 \ aboue the pavement, and there 
he stoode many adav, he was anckor xiij° yere, also he 
was mouncke xxxvij vere and after xiiij° yeares abbot. 

[he is said to be descended* of the blood Royal o( the Ms - ' -■■ 
kings o( Ireland, being son of one Muriardach and 
Sabina his wife, that was daughter unto a King there, 

' Below tliir^ heading, at a joining of the paper, "When Sacte Cuthb : 
was taiken vp at Chester by aven," erased, 

-' Omitu-il in later editions. 



64 RITES OF DURHAM. 

MS. l., j ie was brought up in the Abbey of Mailros, first 
under (his predecessor) Eata, and afterwards under 
Boisill, who succeeded Eata there, after the death of 
Boisill, he was made Abbot of that Monastery which he 
ruled with great care and sincerity, he was Anchor thirteen 
veares, also he was Monk thirty seven yeares, and Abbot 
fourteen yeares. Also in the year 855 Eardulf being Bpp, 
at which time certain Danes and Pagan Infidels of sundry 
other nations invaded and destroyed the Realm of England 
in diverse places, and after a certain space Halden King of 
the Danes with a great part of navy, and army of the 
infidells arrived in Tinmouth haven intending to sojourne 
there all the winter Season following, and in the next suilier 
he meant with all his power to invade spoil and destroy the 
County of Northumberland whereof when Eardulf the Bpp 
had intelligence he with all his clergie and people after 
long consultation had among themselves, what course was 
to be taken in that extremity, for eschewing the barbarous 
cruelty of the savage and merciless Infidells, and in the end 
calling to memory the words and monition delivered by S l 
Cuthbert to his brethren a little before his departure out of 
this life (who amongst other wholesome counsells and 
godly admonitions then delivered and uttered these or the 
like words, viz. If you my brethren shall be at any time 
hereafter, urged or constrained unto one of the two 
extremities following, I do much rather wish, and choose 
that ye shall take my bones up, and flie from these places, 
and take your place of abode, and stay, wheresoever 
Almighty God shall provide for you, than by any means to 
submit yourselves to the yoke and servitude of wicked 
schismatiqf , which words he then spake, by the spirit of 
Prophesie foreseeing the perills of the times to come. 
L., C, Dav.\ 
Roil, And also Buship Eardulfe and abbott Edrede* (56) 

c 1600. ^j^ ta jk e> Carry, & beare awaie y e bodie of S a cte 
Cuthb: frome Holy Eland southward, and fledd vij° yere 
from towne to towne for y e great psecuc'on & slawghter 
of the panymes & Danes ; and me of y L ' shire* when they 
sawe that S ;1 cte Cuthb: bodye was gone they leift there 
landi & there good\ & followed after; & so y e bush: y e 









i6oo. 



THE CLOISTERS. f>.S 

abbott, and the reste, being weirye of travellinge thought Ki ; n 
to haue stowlne awaye & caried S*cte Cuthb: body into 1 
Ireland for his better saifftie, and being vpo y sea in a 
shippe, was by myricle nivcilous by iij° waves of water 
was turned into bloode.* The shippe that they weere in, 
was drove back by tempest & by y e mightie powre of god 
(as it should seame) vpo y c shore or land. And also y 
saide shippe that they weere in (by y e grete storme & 
strong Raging walls of y L ' sea as is aforesaid) was turned 
on y e one syde, and ye booke of y e Holie Evangelistf* fell 
out of y e ship into y e bottom of y e sea, the w ch booke being 
all addorned w lh gould & psious stones of y e out syde, & 
they being all troubled w th great sorrowe for ye losse 
o( v said booke, one Hunred y being admonished and 
eofnaunded by y e visio of S :1 cte Cuthb: [appearinge, 
interlined] to seeke y c booke that was loste in y e sea, iij° 
myles & more fro y e land, & as they weere admonishede 
they found y booke much more bewtifull than it was 
before 1 both in l'res & leaves excelling y e vtter bewtie of y e 
cover, being nothing blemyshed by y e water, as thoughe it 
had been towched by some heavenly powere. And also by 
the foresaid visio of S a cte Cuthb: [being vpon the shore, 
interlined] thev sawe a bridle hinging in a tree, & lookynge 
aboute hym he dyd see a read horse" w th cufnyng towardt 
him, by gods pvisio dyd offer him selfe to be brydled, to 
ease y cl travell in cariage of the beare wherein S a cte 
Cuthbt: bodie laide. 

And then they went w th him to crake mynster & Rested 
there iiij monthes w lh his body and afterward brought him 
to Chester [Cuneagecester (now called Chester in the streat), 
L., C, Dav.] the yeare of y e incarnac'on "CCCCCCCC* 
lxxxiij from S a cte Cuthbtf daie at least 'C'xxvi past since 
Aldun <; fledde away w th y fc bodie of S a cte Cuthb*: when it 
had lyne at Chester - C:xiij yere for y e great psecuc'on 
& Robbing & spoiling of y e panemes or Danes, and fled 
to Rippon w 1 ' 1 his body [to lye by the bodye of holy 
S l Wilfride, Cos.], [and w th in iiij° monthes] 1 there warres 
dyd seas, [& then] 2 cumynge back againe when all was 

1 "When" erased, and these words interlined. 
Over " & " erased. 

5 



66 RITES OF DURHAM. 

Roll, i n quietnes thinkinge to haue browght hime back to 
' Chester againe, & cuminge w th hime on y c east syde of 
Durh m , to a place called Warde Lawe,* 1 they could no 
further beare him, 

[They could not with all their force remove his body 
from thence, which seemed to be fasten'd to the ground. 
Dav.] 

(57) [f° r tnat ^e Chariott wherein the holy Corps was 
carried miraculously stood immoveable either by the 
strength of man or beast. L., C] 

the Buship & y e people fasted iij° daies, and praied to 
god w th great Reuence & devoc'6 to knowe from god what 
they shoulde doe w th him, and Revelac'on had they to 
carry him to Dun home, 

[and revelation had they (being revealed to one Eadmer 
a vertuous man) to carry him to Dunholm (which is 
compounded of two Saxon words, Dun signifying an hill, 
and Holm an Island in a river (and there he should receive 
a place of rest) and as they were going, etc. L., C] 
and as they weare going they had intelligence by a woma 
lacking her kowe* where y l Dunhome was, and streight 
way they brought hime to that place of Dunhome 
myriculouslye in y p yere of o lir Lord DCCCCXCv where 
there was nothing but a great Rush of thornes* and other 
thick woodf growinge, and there for to reaste and Remayne 
for no further they could cary him. And there they 
buylded a litle chappell of wandf* [and bowes of trees, L., 
C] & ther in they him layd or sett vntill such tyme as a 
better kirke was buylded. The Buship came w th y c corse, 
and with all his force dyd wourship it, also he fynes y e 
place ther defensable w th thick woodf & great Rushes as is 
aforesaid, vntill Vthred earle of northumberland caused all 
the Countrye to taike in hand to hewe & cute downe all y e 
woode that there was growing to make vt inhabitable & 
then y e buship beganne to worke, and buylde, & to make 
a mykle kirke of stone, and whels it was in makinge fro me 
ye Wandyd kirke or chapell they brought y c body of that 



' Warden-law, L. ; Wardlaw, Jlnv. ; Wardenlawe, C, Hunter's and 

Sanderson's editions. 



THE CLOISTERS. 67 

holie ma S'cte Cuthb't: & translayted him into an other Roll, 
White Kirke so called, <S: there his body Remayned iiij" 
veares, while \" more kvrke* was buvlded, tlien the Buship 
Aldun" dxd hallowe v mure kyrk or gret kirke so called 
before v kallendC of September, & translated S n cte Cuthb: 
body out o( v white kirke into v great kyrke as sone as y e 
great kirke was hollowed {sic) to more worship then before./ 
Also Aldun dyd ordayne & make y e buship sea to be onelv 
ther in Durh™ contynewally for eii. King Oswald & 
aydane first began ne the bushipes sea in Holy Eland 1 from 
ye w ch tvme "CCClxj * to \" cufnvnge of Aldun^ 2 who 
ordanvd the bushipes sea of Durh a m, fro y c tyme that S a cte 
Cuthbt: passed out of this world3 fro thence it was 'CCC'ix 
\ cures & then Aldun depted hence out of this world iij° 
veres after* y l he had founded & stablished ye bushipes sea. 
The buvldinge & first foundinge of y e abbei church in 
Durh™ v l now is was in y e vere of o~ Lord-* ■M'xxii yeres 
paste, bv Bushippe Will'm and Prio' Turgott* w th all y 
mounkf, w ch caused y e old church buylt by Aldun * to be 
pulled downe, & buylding it anewe begining at y e first 
floore. Thei weare y e first y l laid y e first foundac'on of y 
($S) stones in y e ground woorke where y e grete abbey church 
is nowe founded [and builded, L., C] Bushippe Will'm 
caused to make all y e great kirke & caused y e mounkf dalie 
for to woorke at it out of service tyme. The buship ordey ned 
before v e people por Turgot to be Asdeacon [Archdeacon, 
Cos., H. 44, L., C, and edd.] before he dyed, &also his vicar 
generall. And y e foresaid buship Wyll'm did place y e 
mounckf of Jarrowe & Wermouthe being of S l Benedictf 
order in y L Rowmes of y e Cannons for ther evill & 
nawghtie livinge. And when y c abbey church was buylded 
& finished* then was he taike vp out of thother church 
called y L White church,* & translaited & browght into y 
said Abbey church, being inshryned aboue y e ground of 
iij° yerdt highte in a most Sumptuous & goodlie shrine 
aboue y c high alter called y L " fereture.* And y° booke of y c 
holie Evangelest w ch was lost in y L " sea* as is aforesaide, 



a.d. 635. A.n. 995. 

A.D. 687. 4 A.D. IO93. 



6S RITES OF DURHAM. 

Roll, W as pserved & keapt in y e said monasticall or abbey church 
' of Durh m where y c bodie of holie S l Cuthb: doth lie as a 
place most worthie of so psyous a booke browghte to light 
againe thorowgh his Revelac'on.* 

(XXXIII. The Cloisters. Saint Cuthbert's Tomb). 

And there was maide a faire toumbe of stone* in y e 
cloyster garth, a yerde hight fro y e ground where y l holie 
ma was first browght to & laide, [when he was translated 
owte of the White Church to be laide in y e Abbey Churche, 
H. 45] & a faire great broad playne throwghe stone layd 
aboue y e said toumbe. Then afterward was there a goodlie 
& verie large & greate thicke Imadge of stone, beinge y e 
picture of y l holie ma S'cte Cuthb: verie fynely and 
curiouslie pictured & wrowghte in y e saide stone w th 
paintinge & giltinge mveilous bewtifull & excellent to 
beholde in forme & fashio as he was accustomed to saie 
masse w th his myter on his head & his croisier staff in his 
hand. And y e said picture was caried & laid aboue y e said 
toumbe of stone : yt was rered vp of either syde & at both 
endf aboue y e said stone wourke verie close w th wood 
stanchels y l a ma coulde not haue gotten in his hand betwixt 
one stanchell & another, but haue looked in & sene y e 
picture of y l holie ma S l Cuth: lyinge therein, and coiled 
oil aboue all verie fynely & closlie w th lead like vnto a 
litle chappell or church w ch did stande contynewallie vnto y e 
suppressio of y e house, as a memorie and speciall monum 1 * 
of y e first cumynge of that holie ma S l Cuth: being onely 
maid (59) & placed y er to y l end, w ch did stand in y e cloister 
garth oil against y e ploure dour where thorowgh y e 
mounckes was caried to be buried w ch is nowe maid a 
Regisf house,* and also it did cotynue to y L> suppressio of 
y e house as is aforesaid & after vnto y e tyme of Deane 
Home & the he caused y e said monum 1 to be pulled down 
& converted y e leadf & all to his owne use. & y c said 
Image of St. Cuth: was sett on y* one syde against y e 
cloister wall oil annenst y e pier dor as y ei go thorowgh 
into y e Senturie Garth : & after when Whittingha came 
to be deane he caused y e saide Image to be defaced & 



THE CLOISTERS. 69 

broken all in peaces, to thintent that there should be no K " 11, 
memory nor token 01 that holie ma S'ete Luthbert w cn was 
.sent iS: browght thether by v powre & will o( almightie 
god \\ ih was v occasio of y e buylding of the sayde 
monasticall Church and House where they haue all there 
livingf and couiodities to lyve on at this daie. 

[Although he was sent by merviie from god & by whose ^ Is - H. 45, 
meanes ther was soe great revenues geiven to y Church. 
And now all whole taken away c\: y Church and all therto 
ready to come downe. And in y first yeare of King 
Edw: \" 6th ther was certaine comm 15 * apoynted to deface 
all Popishe ornam b in pishe churches whose names were 
Docto Harvy and Docto Whitby* who did deface a 
goodly & rich Shrine in S l Nicholas church called Corpus 
Christi Shrine w dl Docto Home" did treade and breake 
in peices w lh his feet w th many other ornamentf. H. 45.] 

(XXXIV. Thk Cloistkks. 1 ) 

[The 13th day of the Kalends of Aprill 684, [687, note by MS. Cos., 
Dr. Hunter \ S l Cuthb. ended this life and was buryed 
in St. Peters church in the holy Island, where he Bi J i> 3 
yeares) in a graue of stone that was made on purpose for 
him to bee buryed in. And 11 yeares after hee was taken 
out of the ground the 13th of the Kalends of Aprill in the 
same Calends that hee dyed, and his bodye was found safe 
iS: uncorrupt and lyinge like one asleepe, with all his 
masse cloathes safe and fresh as they were at the first 
when they were put on him, at which time they enshrined 
him in a feretor a little aboue the pauement of the church 
where hee lav a long space. And after(6o)ward Eardulphus 
Bpp and Abbot Kadred about the yeare 890 did carrye away 
his bodye from holv Island southward, and fled with it 7 
yeares from towne to towne, because of the great perse- 
cutions and slaughters w ch were made by the painims and 
the Danes. And the men of that Hand when they sawe 
that the body of theire holy Saint was gone, they left 

1 The two preceding Chapters or Sections as they stand in tin* MS. Cosin 
afford so many important additions and various readings that they are here 
subjoined at length. They are almost the same in II. 44 and in the 
editions. But MSS. I., and C, on the whole, correspond with the Roll. 



/O RITES OK DURHAM. 

MS. Cos.. theire land, and goods, and followed after him, and the 
Bpp and the Abbott and the rest beinge wearyed with 
their dangerous trauells, thought to haue stollen away and 
to haue carryed the body of theire holy S l along with them 
into Ireland hopinge there to bee safe and quiet, and 
beinge uppon the sea in a shipp 3 waues miraculously 
were turned into bloud and the shipp was driuen back by 
tempest unto the shore againe and by the boysterous 
windes and raginge waues it was turned on the one side, 
and the booke of the holy Euangelists (curiously written 
and adorned with gold and pretious stones on the couer) 
did fall out of the shipp into the bottome of the sea, w^' 1 
disaster did sore perplex and afflict them, but S l Cuthbert 
beinge loath to see his honourers so sore troubled and so 
full of sorrow, did appeare in a uision unto one Hundredus 
and comanded him that they should seeke diligently for 
the booke uppon the coastes there aboutes, where they 
found it 3 miles from the sea shore Cast (as it seemed) by 
the force of some waue and carried thither by the uiolence 
of some happye gale of winde or by some diuine power for 
the comfort and confirmation of these faintinge monkes in 
theire religious worsP of Saint Cuthb: w ch holy booke was 
far more beautifull and glorious to looke uppon both 
within and without then it was before, beinge nothinge 
blemished with the salt water, but polished rather by some 
heauenly hand, w ch did not a little increase theire ioy, but 
beinge wearyed with the seekinge of that booke, and with 
bearinge about S l Cuthberts bodye (see againe the com- 
passion of theire saint) hee presented to their eyes a bridle 
hanginge upp in a tree, and a redd horse runninge towards 
them, w ch did offer himselfe to bee bridled and to ease 
theire paines in caryinge of the chest wherin S l Cuthberts 
body was laid, uppon w ch horse they caryed him to Crake 
minster, and rested them 4 moneths, and from thence 
brought him to Chester Anno Do: 887 : [833, in marg. by 
Hunter] where they remained 113 yeares duringe the rest 
of the time of the Danes warrs, in the end wherof Aldwinus 
then B pp fledd with S l Cuthberts body to Rippon to lye by 
the bodye of holy S l Wilfride, but 4 moneths after theire 
ariuinge at Rippon, the Danes warrs did cease, and then 



THE CLOISTERS. 71 

intend(6i)inge to brincre him backe againe to Chester, and Ms - *-' ,,s -- 

— • • 1 1 • 1 • 1 ' c 1 a 1 - 1 c - i(j2 °- 

coininge with him on the east side ol Uurna to a place 
called Ward-lawe they could not with all their force remoue 
his bodve from thence w ,h seemed to bee fastened to the 
ground, which strange and unexpected accident wrought 
great admiration in the harts of the Bpp s monkes and theire 
associates, and erg, 1 they fasted and prayed tliree dayes 
with greate reuerence and deuotion, desiringe to know by 
reuelation, what they should doe with the holie bodye of 
Saint Cuthb: W ch thinge was granted unto them, and therin 
they were directed to carrye him to Dunholmne, but 
beinge distressed because they were ignorant where 
Dunholme was (see theire good fortune) as they were 
goinge a woman that lacked hir Cowe did call aloude to 
hi r companion to know if shee did not see hir, who 
answered with a loud uoyce that hir Cowe was in Dun- 
holme (a happye and heauenly Kccho to the distressed 
monkes, who by that meanes had intelligence that they 
were at the end of theire iourney) where they should finde 
a restinge place for the body of theire honoured saint, and 
theruppon w lh great ioy, and gladnesse brought his body 
to Dunholme, Anno Domini 999 [Hunter in marg. 995 j, 
W* was inculta tellus a barbarus and rude place reple- 
nished with nothinge but thornes and thick woods saue 
only in the midst where the Church now standeth which 
was plaine and coiriodious for such a purpose, where they 
first builded a little Church of wands and branches wherin 
they did lay his body (and thence the church was after- 
wards called bough church) till they did build a more 
sumptuous church, wherin they might inshrine him, 
which they assayed to doe with all theire power, Vthred 
Earle of northumberland aidinge them, and causinge all 
the cuntry' to cutt downe the wood and thorne bushes w ch 
did molest them, and so made all the place where the citye 
now standes habitable and titt to erect buildinges on, 
which gaue great encouragement to Alwinus the Bpp to 
hasten the finishinge of his church, w ,h accordingly did, 
and then did translate S l Cuthberts body from the wanded 

1 So in .MS., lor ergo. 



72 KITES OF DURHAM. 

MS. Cos., [ or bowg, 1 interlined] church, to the white Chapell (for so 
it was called) which hee had newly built, w ch was a part* of 
the great church, w ch was not yett finished where it lay 4 
yeares, but after the great church was finished and conse- 
crated uppon the 20 th of September hee translated his 
bodye out of the white Chappell into the great Church 
which hee made a Cathedrall erectinge his Bpp s sea at 
Duresme (where it still remaineth) about 377 [Hunter in 
marg. 361] yeares after it was first founded in the holy 
Hand by S l Aidaine, and saint Oswald w ch was (62) Anno 
Dom : 635 ; and ^t, [Hunter in marg. 309] yeares after 
the death of S l Cuthb: w ch was Anno Dom: 684: [read 
687] w ch s d Aldwinus Bpp dyed 3 [read 2T,] 2 yeares after hee 
had founded his Bpp s sea in Duresme, and finished his Cathe- 
drall church in the yeare 1020. w ch church was famous 
with the succession of six Bpp s in it. But Willia Carlipho 
beinge not well content with the smalnesse and home- 
linesse of that buildinge did pull it all downe 76 yeares 
after Aldwinus had finished it : and in stead thereof did 
erect the magnificent and famous buildinge which is now 
to bee seene, Malcolme kinge of Scotts, Turgott then prior 
of the church, and himselfe lyinge the first 3 stones in the 
new foundation uppon the 30 day of July (as some say) 
or uppon the 1 1 of August (as others affirme) Anno Domi : 
1093 ; [For which famous work," Anthony Beak (one of his 
Successors) with a great sum of Money got him to be 
Canoniz'd, Dav.] and caused the monkes to labour in that 
holy worke all the daye longe excepting onely meale times 
and times of prayer, [king Malcolme being the chief 
benefactour in the building thereof, L., C, Dav.] and 
appointed Turgott then prior to bee his Archdeacon, and 
Vicar generall within his diocesse, and goinge to Rome 
two yeares before his death hee obtained license of pope 
Gregory the 7 th to remoue the monkes w ch were at 
Wermouth and at Jarrow, w dl were of the order of S l 
Benett to his church at Durha, where hee placed them in 
the roomes of the Cannons, w ch hee expelled for theire 
lewd and lazy Hues, but hee did not liue to see his church 

' Reading doubtful ; H. 44 and editions have " bough." 
- See note on page 67. 



Mil: CLOISTERS. 73 

finished for lie dyed A. I): 1095 two yeares after hee had MS. Com. 

laid the foundation, And Ranulph Flamberd his successor 
fauouringe and with all his might furtherance so good a 
worke did in the 29 yeares that he was BPP build the s' 1 
church from the foundatio allmost to the coueringe, but it 
was not fully finished till the time that Nicholaus Farnam 
was BPP and Thomas Melseome 1 was prior, which two 
good men did areh it ouer" A° 1242 and lye burved both 
under one stone in the ehapter house but longe before the 
church was finished, the body of S' Cuthb: was translated 
againe, out of v elovster garth where Willia Carlipho Bpp 
had made him a verve sumptuous tombe to lye in when he 
iemoned him out of the old church w ch Aldwinus built for 
him, w cl > was then taken downe that this faire church now- 
extant might bee erected in the same place where that old 
church was, In w dl new church was builded a faire and 
sumptuous shrine, about 3 yards from the ground on the 
back side of the great Altar w ch was in the east end of the 
quire, where his body was solemnly placed in an iron chest 
(63) within the s (1 Shrine, where it lay quietly without 
molestation till the suppression of the church (as is aboue 
related) and the booke of the 4 Euangelists w dl fell into the 
sea, and was so miraculously brought to land, and found 
againe was laid on the great Altar as a fitt monument 
to preserue the memory of so great a S l . And at the 
west end of the church Hugo Pudsey Bpp of Durha and 
Harle of Northumberland [King Stephen's nephew, Dav.] 
did build a uery faire ehappell which hee dedicated to 
the uirgin mary, [and was called the Galilee, ox our 
Ladv's Chappel, but now simply called the Consistory, 
Dav.] and there in a siluer Caskett gilt with gold hee 
laid the bones of uenerable Bede, and erected a costly 
and magnificent shrine oner it (as aboue is declared). 
[He also Founded the Priory of Fiuklev, in honour of 
S l Gordrick the Hermite. He Founded also the Hospital! 
o\ Xllerton,' and the famous Sherburne-1 lospital, near 
Durham. He built also Elvet-Jjridge over the Weer, 
with two Chappels upon it. He also built both a Mannor, 

1 Should In' "Melsonby." " Melscomb," II. 44; "Melseome," Dav, ; 
" Melsonby,' II. editions and Sanderson, 



74 RITES OF DURHAM. 

MS. Cos., and Church at Darlington'; and he bought of King 
Richard the First the Earldome of Sadberge* for his 
Successors. Dav.] And because those holy Bishops and 
Monkes woold not bee vnmindfull of the least fauour 
which was done for them, and for the honour of theire 
holy S l , Aldwinus on the out side of his Church," and 
Ranulph Flambard, accordinge to the intention of Willia 
Calipho the founder) did erect a monument [made the 
Pourtraiture, Dav.] of a milke maide milkinge hir kowe," 
on the outside of the north-west turrett of the nine altars, 
at the buildinge of the new church, in a thankfull remem- 
brance of that maide which so fortunately in theire great 
perpexitye directed 1 them to Dunholme where the body 
of theire great saint was to rest untill the resurrection, 
which monument though defaced by the weather) to 
this day is there to bee seene. MS. Cos in.] 

[XXXV.] [The discription of the tombe w ch William 
Calipho erected for S l Cuthbert in the Cloyster 
jrarth till a faire shrine mio-ht bee made in his 
new church wherin hee might be inclosed. 

Willia Carlipho Bpp of Durham before hee tooke downe 
the old church builded by B p Aldwinus did prepare a 
faire and beautifull tombe of stone in the cloyster garth 
a yeard high from the ground, where S l Cuthb: was laid 
untill his shrine was prepared for him in the new church 
that now is, ouer which tombe was layd a faire and comely 
marble, but when his body was translated to the feriture 
wher it was (64) inshrined in honour of him, they made 
a goodly large and curious Image of marble representinge 
S l Cuthbert, in that forme in w ch he was wont to say 
masse, with his miter on his head and his Crosier staffe 
in his hand, and his other uestments uery curiously 
engrauen on the s d marble w dl after his body was in- 
shrined in the new church) was placed 2 aboue the s d 
tombestone, and round about the s d tombstone both at 
the sides and at either end was sett upp neate stanchells 

1 MS. has " perpexitye, " and seems to have " directem." 
- " Was placed " is repeated in the MS. 



THE CLOISTERS. 75 

oi wood, ioyned so close that one coutd not put in his ^ Is - c° s - 

hand betwixt one and other but might onely looke in 
and see that exquisite picture w ch laid within them, and 
was couered aboue with lead like unto a chappell, w h 
comely monument did stand in the Cloyster garth (till 
the suppression o\' the Abbey) oner against the parlour 
dore through w<* the monkes were carved into the Centrye 
garth to bee buryed w dl Parlour is now turned into a 
storehouse and a roomc made aboue it for the registers 
office, But shortly after the Abby was supprest, deane 
Home tooke downe that faire and ancient monument, 
and conuerted the leads and wood and stone thereof to 
his owne use vet left the Image of S l Cuthbert perfect 
and sett it on the side of the cloyster wall against the 
said parlour dore through which the monks went into 
the centrye garth, But when deane Whittingha did 
beare authoritie in this church, hee caused that Image, 
as hee did many other ancient monuments) to bee taken 
downe and broken in peices beinge religiously loath (as 
it should seeme) that any monument of S l Cuthbert, or 
of any man (who formerly had beene famous in this 
church and great benefactors thereunto, as the priors 
his predecessors were) should bee left whole and u tide- 
faced, in memorye or token of that holy man S l Cuthbert, 
w ch was sent and brought thither by the power and will 
of allmightie god, which was the occasion of the buildinge 
o( the s' 1 monasticall church and house where they haue 
all theire liuinges and cofnodities to Hue on at this day. 
MS. Cos in. ] 

(XXXVI. Tin-: Cloister.) The east Alley. 

And also vt was long & many yeres after or (euer, Cos,] Roll, 
the cloyster was buylded vnto y e tyme o\ Buship Skirley c * lb00 * 
(65) [Skirlawe, Cos.] and Bushop Langley, who were y< 
first founders 

I And also it was long and many veares after on (sic) MS. L., 
the Cloyster unto the time o( Hpp. Walter Skirlam (sic) ,t>5b ' 
who was first consecrated Hpp. o( Litchfield, he satt there 
one year and was translated to Wells, there two veares. 



76 RITES OF DURHAM. 

MS. L., anc j j n September 1388 removed to Durham, he gave 
towards the building the Cloyster two hundred pound in 
his life time, and four hundred pound in his will (he 
bestowed also two hundred and twenty pound in building 
the Dirivatory*) he satt Bpp. of Durham 18 yeares, and 
died in the beginning of the year 1406, and after him 
Thomas Langly Bpp. gave to the building of the said 
Cloisters 838//. 17^. ob. so that these two Bishopps were 
the first founders L., C, Harl., Dav.] 

Roll, & buylders of y e said Cloyster and dyd bear all y c 
°' charges of the buylding and workmanship of y° said 
worke and was the first that dyd cause from y e cloister 
dour to y c church dour to be sett in glasse in y c wyndowes 
y c hole storie & myricles 1 of that holie ma S a cte Cuthb: 
from y e daie of his Nativitie & birth vnto his dyinge daie, 
and ther yo w should haue sene and beholden his mother 
lying in her child bedd [and how that, Dav. ] after she 
was delyued, the brighte beames* dyd shyne fro heave 
vpo her & vpo y e child where he did lye in y e Cradle, 
that to euy mans thinking y c Holie ghoste had over 
shadowed hime : for euy one that did se yt [sitt, Cos.] 
dyd thinke that y c house had bene [set, Cos.] all on fyre, 
y c beames dyd shine so bright 011 all y e house both w th in 
& w th out : and also y e Bushop baptized y e childe & did 
call him Mullocke [hullocke or Yullocke ?, Cos. ; Yullock, 
Dav.] in the Irishe tounge ; the w ch is in Inglishe asmuch 
as to saie Cuthbert, the foresaid Bushops name who 
baptized and [who, etc., interlined over that, erased] had 
v e keapinge of y e vertuouse and godly childe is called 
Vgeni 9 , y e name of the Citie that ye childe S a cte 
Cuthbert was baptized in is called Hardbrecins* [hard 
brecumb, Cos.], for he was blessed of god evin fro his 
mothers wombe so 1 that euy myracle that he did after 
frome his Infancye was sett there by it selfe, & in vnder 
euV mvracle there was Sertain verses" sett furthe in latten 
that dyd declaire the contentf and meaning of euy myracle 
and storie bv yt selfe in most excellent coulered glasse, 
most artifficiallye sett furth and curiouslie [marueilouslye, 

1 " blessed " " wombe so " repeated on joining of paper. 



NIK CLOISTERS. 77 

Cos.] wrowght being lyvelie to all y beholders thereof, Ro,, i 
and the storie w rh was in the wyndowes there, was onelv 
sett vp in y l place by y charges of thes two godly and well 
disposed Bushoppf to be annexed and adioyned w th the 
said ton m be* in ye cloister garthe [in, etc., interlined], & his 
pieture thervpo most lvvelv to beholde to be a memoriall 
of v <- said holie man S a cte Cuthb: that euv one that came 
thorowghe the Cloyster mighte se all his liffeand myracles 
from his birth & Infancy vnto his dying day, and he was 

o "... r. 

Coined of a pncelie Raice\ ffor his father was prynce & 
his mother a princes dowghter, as mav a peare by v 
history at large. And after in kyng Edward tvme 
[vj°. , interlined] this story was pulled downe by Deane 
Home & broken all to peces, for he might neu abyde any 
auncient monum'f, actes, or deades, that gave any light 
of godly Religion. 

Also ther is in y e said Cloist 1 aboue hed, (in sellering in 
Wainscot, 1 ) certaine Bushopf armes* and noble mes armes, 
(66) both knightf and me of wo ur ship who had bestowed 
any thing of v l church. 

(XXXVII. The Cloister. Maundy Thursday.) 

There was a goodlie [goodly, L.; godly, Cos., H. 44; 
certaine, C. ; a ceremony, H. 4^1 ceremonve w ch y e 
por and the Mounckes dyd \se eu\- Thursdaie before east' 
called maundy thursdaie,* the custoume was this, ther 
were xiij° [xviij, Cos. and Dav. ] poore aged me* appoynted 
to cume to y cloyster as that daie, havinge there feete 
clene washed there to remayne till such tvme as v por & 
the whole covent dyd cume thether at ix a clock, or ther 
aboutt\ y aged me sytting betwixt y e pier dour & \- 
Church dour, vpon a fair longe broad thicke fourme,* w rh 
fourme laie on iij° peces of wood, euy pece pictured like 
unto a ma antick wourke verie fynely wrought, being 
placed for y feite of y< fourme, in vnder either end one, 
& one in v mvddf, W<* forme dvd stand alwaies in V 

* *• 1 

church beyond y Revester dour betwixt two pillers oil 
i\: against y° quere doure on v southsyd of v quere, \v lh 

1 Interlined in blacker ink, by a different bul eoaeval hand ; alsii in I.., c'. 



78 RITES OF DURHAM. 

Roll, fourme was taiken & caried euy maundie thursdaie before 

C. 1600. . . , 4) r 

easter to y e cloister, where y e por alter certaine praiers 
said, one of his svantf did bring a fair baison, w th clene 
water, & y e por dyd washe* y e poore mens fete, all of 
theme, one after an other w th his owne handf, <& dryed 
them w th a towell, and kissed ther feite hime selfe, w ch 
being- done, he did verie liberally bestowe xxx d in money* of 
euy one of theme, w th vij° reade herringr/ a pece, and did 
sve them him selfe, w lh drinke & iij° loves of bread, w th 
certaine wafers*, and when all was done y e forme w ch was 
ordayned onely for that purpose, was caried againe into y e 
church, & sett in y e same place where yt was taken fro 
that me might also sit on yt ther, when they came to here 
devine svice [w ch fourme is yet remaynynge vnder ye te 
deum wyndowe & the clock. 1 ] 
MS. L., [Also when one goeth forth of the Cloyster, through an 
1656. E n t r y i n (; the Deans Lodgin at the head of the staires 
behind the door called the Usher door," and on the right 
hand behind y e s d door there is another door that goeth 
into the Register, wherein certain old written bookes of 
records of Evidence of the Monasticall house of Durham 
did lie, and also there did lie, a Copie of the foundation of 
the hospitall of Greatham," which was also registred in the 
said old written (67) bookes of records, and there to be found 
if anything should chance by misfortune of fire or other- 
wise unto the foundation of the said hospitall of Greatham, 
which Register house was a long time without memory 
both before and after the suppression of the house, a 
Register, and the keeper of the said Register was called 
George Baites and he was also the Clerke of the Feretorie 
at that time, and it was near the Register house untill of 
late that M 1 " Tobias Matthew" Dean of Durham altered the 
state of it unto another place called the Parlour as is 
aforesaid. L., C, Dav.] 

(XXXVIII. The Cloister.) The South Alley. 

Roll, There was on y e south syde of y e cloister adioyni'ge to y e 
c ' ' °°' side of y u cloister dour a stoole or seat* w th iiij° feete & a 

1 Added in a coaeval hand ; also in L. , C, and H. 44. 



THE PRATER HOUSE. 79 

back of wood ioyned to y said stoolc w ch was maid fast in Ro11 - 
v wall for V porter to sytt on \v ,h did keapc y*' cloister 
doure. And before the said stoole it was bourded in vnder 
foote for warmenesse : and he that was y L ' last porter ther 
was called Edward Pattinson ; And fro y said stoole 
westward on y e south svde there was a faire longe bench 
of Stone' almost to y 1 ' frater hous donr, where on dyd syt 
certen Childrin a Row from y e one end to y other, vpo 
Maundv thursdaie before easter, being maide for that 
purpose : Where all y whole covent of Mounckf at that 
same present tyme had euv one of them a boy appointed 
them sytting vpo y saide bench, wher y said monkf dyd 
wash v said childryns feete, & dryed them w th a towell w ctl 
being done they dyd kisse y c said childrins fete eiiy one of 
those he washed, giving to eiiy childe xxx d in mony and 
vij° redde heringf & iij° loves of bread, and eiiy one certaine 
wafercakes, [a wafer Cake, H. 44] the monckf svinge euv 
childe w lh drinke them selues, y c godly ceremony thus 
endyd after certaine p L1 ers* said, by y e por & y e whole 
covent they dyd all dept in great holynesse. 

And at y e end of v said bench betwixt it & y frater 
house dour, ther was a fair almerie Joyned in y wall & an 
other of y e other syd of y e said dour, & all y c forept of the 
almeries was thorowgh carved worke [for to geve ay re to 
the towels 1 ], & iij° dors in y e for pt of either almerie, & a 
locke on eiiy doure and euv mounke had a kev for v 1 ' said 
almerves wher in did hinge in euv almerie cleane towels 
for v mounkf to drie there handf on when they washed & 
went to dyn. And the stoole & bench Tobie (68) Mathewe 
dean of Durham caused to be taiken downe and maid as 
plavne as is v rest of y floore of the Cloyster. 



(XXXIX.) The frater house. 

In y said south allie of y cloysters is a faire larg 
hall' called y frater house" wherein v greate feaste of 
S a cte Cuthb: daie in lent was holden, 



1 Interlined in a contemporary hand, but in different ink, In L., C, but 

not in Cos. 



SO RITES OF DURHAM. 

MS. L., [In the South Alley of the Cloysters is a fair large Hall 
' (, " ,<> ' called the Fraterhouse which is finely wainscotted* both on 
the North and Southside thereof, and in the West and neither 
[nether, C] part of the Fraterhouse there is a fair long bench 
of hewen stone, Mason work to sitt on which is from the 
Seller door to the Pantry or Covey door' and above the 
Bench is wainscotted work two yards and an half of height, 
which is finely carved and sett with Imbroidered work* of 
wainscott and guilted under the carved work, and above the 
Wainscott, there was a goodly fair great picture of our 
Saviour Christ and the blessed Virgin Mary and S l John 
in fine guilting work, and most excellent coloures, which 
pictures have been washed over w th Lime, and yet do 
appear through the Lime, this Wainscott work hath 
engraven in the top of it Thomas Castell Prior Anno Dni 
1 518 Mensis Julii, so it is manifest that Prior Castell did 
wainscot the Fraterhouse round about, and within the said 
Fraterhouse door on the left hand as one goeth in, there is 
a very strong Ambry" in the stone wall where a great 
Mazer" called the grace cup* did stand in, which did serve 
the monkes every day after grace was said to drink in 
throughout the table, which cup was largely and finely 
edged about with silver and double guilt with gold and 
many more large and great Mazers after the same sort, 
amongst whom was a goodly great Mazer called Iudas 
Cupp,* which was also edged largely and finely about with 
silver and double guilt with gold with a foot underneath it 
to stand on of silver and double guilt with gold which was 
never occupied but on Maunday Thursday at night in the 
Fraterhouse, where the Prior and all the whole Covent did 
meet and kept their Maundy as that day at night 
evermore, and also there did lie in that same Ambry 
the goodly Cup called S l Beedes Bowl, the outside whereof 
was of black Mazer," and all the Bowl within the Mazer 
was all of silver, and double guilt with gold, and 
in the midst of it, was the picture* of that holy man S l 
Beede, sitting as if he had been writing at the foot of 
the said bowle, was all of silver and double guilt with 
gold, with four joynts of silver* coming down, on every 
side one (double guilt with gold) from the edge to the 



11II-: PRATER HOUSE. 8l 

foot to be taken a sunder, and (6q) all the cheif plate did M f- ' -•• 
lie onely in that Ambry, that served the whole Covent in 
the said Frater house on the festival dayes, and a fine 
work of carved wainscott before it, which had a fine strong 
lock on the said Ambry, that none could percieve that 
there was any Ambry at all, for the hole of the lock where 
the key went in, was under the carved work of wainscott, 
also there is another fair large Ambry* within the said 
Frater house door, on the right hand as you go to the 
Cellar adjoyning to the door, a goodly fair large Ambry 
of wainscott having diverse Ambry's within it, finely 
wrought and varnished all over with red varnish, wherein 
did lie all the Table clothes, and also the Salts and 
Mazers, a bason and Ewer of Latten w th other things 
did stand within the said Ambry pertaining to the Frater 
house and to the Loft where all the Monkes did dine 
& sup in, and every Monke had his Mazer* severally 
bv himself that he did drink in, and had all other things 
that served for the whole Covent, and the Fraterhouse 
in their dayly service at their dyett, and at their table, 
and all the said Mazers were all largely and finely 
edged about with silver, and double guilt with gold, 
and also a very fair bason and Ewer of Latten, the Ewer 
purtrayed like unto a horse and a man sitting on his 
back as if he had been riding a hunting which served 
the Sub Prior to wash at the aforesaid table, where he 
did sitt as chief,* the bason and Ewer were a very fine 
piece of work. 

And within the aforesaid Fraterhouse the Prior and 
the whole Covent of the Monkes held their great feast 
of S l Cuthberts day in Lent,* having their meals served 
out of the Dresser Window of the great Kitchin* into 
the Fraterhouse, and their drink out of the great Cellar. 
L., C, Dav.] 

& in ye est end being y hiest pte of v 1 ' fraterhouse, & Roll, 
adioyni'ge to y deanes house was taiken downe by deane c " 1<xx> ' 
Whittingh a m y hie roufe of lead, & enclosed it to his 
house & vse, and maid it a Matt roufe of lead, whereby 
j said deane Whittingha gayned at y i leaste xx 1 ' by 
6 



82 RITES OF DURHAM. 

Ro11 - taikei'g downe v said hie roufe of leade, also in y L ' said 
' east end of y e fraterhouse stoode a fair table w th a decent 
skrene of wainscott oil it, being keapt all y L " rest of y e 
vere for the m r of the novicies,* & y u novicies to dyn 
& sup in [having their meat served in to them in at a 
dresser window from the great kitchin into the Prater 
house and their drink out of the great Cellar." L., C] at 
w ch tyme \ T(J m 1 observed thes holsome and godlie orders 
for v Contvnewallie instructing of ther youth in vertew 
& lerning : that is one of y L novicies, at y° electio & 
appovntment of y e m 1 , dyd reade suine pte of y e old 
& new test'ment, in latten in dyn tyme, having- a 
convenyent place at the southe end of y e hie table 
w th in a faire glasse wyndowe invyroned w lh Iron, and 
certaine steppes of stone, w th Iron rayles of thone syde 
to goe vp to it, and to support an Iron deske there 
placed, vpo w ch laie y e holie bible. Where one of y L 
novicies elected by v e m 1 was (70) appointed to read a chapter 
of y e old or newe testem 1 in latten as aforesaid in tvme 
of dyn : w ch being ended, the m r dyd toule a gilden 
Bell* hanging oil his hed therbv givinge warnyng to 
one of y e Novicies to cufne to y c hie table & saie grace 
and so after grace said, they depted to ther bookes. 

(XL. The Laver or Conduit.) 
Within y e cloyster garth oil against y L ' fraterhouse 
dour, was a fair laver or counditt* for y e mounckf to 
washe ther handf & faces at, being maid in forme 
Round" coiled w lh lead and all of mble saving y e [verie]i 
vttermost walls. W th in y e w eh walls yo w may walke rownd 
about y e laver of mble having many litle Cundittf or 
spoutf of brasse' w th xxiiij Cockes of brasse Rownd about 
yt, havinge in yt vij° faire wyndowes* of stone woorke, 
and in the Top of it a faire dovecotte, coiled fynlv 
oil aboue w th lead, the workmanship both fyne & costly 
as is appar'nt till this daie.* And adioyninge to v e est 
syde of the counditt dour, ther did hing a bell* to geue 
warning, at a leave of y e clock, for y e mounckf to cufne 
wash and dyne, having ther closettf or almeries* on either 

1 Tliis word interlined in a hand of the same date, but in different ink, 



["HE CLOISTERS. 83 

syde o( y frater house Jour keapl alwaies w" 1 swete and Ro,, i 
clone towels as is aforesaid to drie ther handf. 

(XLI. The Cloister.) The Northe Alley. 

In the north syde o\' y cloister from y e Corn oil against 
v Church Dour to y corner oil againste the Dorter dour 
was all tynely glased' from ye hight to y sole w th in a 1 i tie 
of \" grownd into y e cloyster garth, & in euy wyndowe 
iij" pewes or carrel Is* where euy one of the old monkf 
had his Carrel 1 seuall by him selfe, that when they had 
dvned they dyd resorte to that place of cloister, and there 
studyed vpo there bookf, euy one in his carrell all y e after 
nofie vnto evensong tyme, this was there exercise euy 
daie : all there pewes or Carrells was all fynely wainscotted, 
and verie close all but y L ' forept w ch had carved wourke v l 
gave light in at v" carrell doures of wainscott : and in 
euy Carrell was a deske to lye there bookes on ; and \ " 
(71) carrells was no greater then from one stanchell of the 
wyndowe to another. And over against the carrells against 
the church wall did stande staine great almeries* [or 
Cupbordt\ H. 45] of waynscott all full of bookes [w th 
great store of antient Manuscript^ to help them in ther 
studdy, H. 45], wherein dyd lye as well the old auncyent 
written Docters* of the Church as other pphane authors, 
w th dyuse other holie mens wourkf, so that euy one 
dyd studye what Docter pleased them best, havinge the 
librarieat all tymes to goe studie in besydes there Carrellf. 

(XLII. The Cloister.) The Weaste Alley. 

In y-' weast alley of y e cloysters towardf v e northe ende, 
vndernethe y e Dorter and adioyning vnto y e staires that 
goe vp to y Dorter is y e Threserhouse* (where there 
besst evidence c\* y L ' chapter seale* ar keapt) of verie strong 
and perfect workmanshippe belonginge to y- por and 
Covent. 

The West Angle. 

In y l Angle on y south side of y c Dormiter doore ther is Ms. u. 4: 
a stronge howse called y treasure howse where all ther c ' 5S " 
tresure was kept. And in y- Midst o( itt was a great o( 



84 RITES OF DURHAM. 

.MS. 11. 45, j ron f rom yc ground to y e Roofe of y e howse w th a doore of 
Iron into itt and a faire table w th a green cloth wher also 
was kept y e Evidencf & many gentl sent ther evidence to 
be kept ther for safety as also y e Chapter seale, And over 
ag l the tresure howse doore was a place where y c Novices 
did learne. And ther was neyther stranger nor any other 
suffered to molest them in ther studdy for ther was a 
Porter appointed for y l purpose. 

The West Alley of y e Cloysters. 

ms. l., In the west side of the Cloyster, on the south side of the 
1 * * Dorter door, a little distant from the said door, there is a 
strong house called the treasure house, where all the 
treasure of the house, when it was a religious house did lie, 
it hath a very strong door, with two strong lockes upon it, 
and within the said treasure house, in the midst of it, a very 
fair strong grate of Iron sett fast in the ground work, and 
in the roof of the house also, and likewise fast in either 
wall the breadth of the house, (being very strong and not 
for any to break it) and in the midst of the grate a door of 
Iron according to the workmanship of the grate, with a 
strong lock on it, and two great slotts of Iron for the said 
door, and within the said grate, a fair Ivory squared table* 
covered with a green cloth, for the drawing and telling of 
their money, which Treasure house is yet to be seen, and 
the Evidences of the house and the Chapter Seal with the 
evidences of certain gentlemens land in the country, there 
lying for safeguard of them, thinking they were more sure 
there than they were in their ow custody, being in great 
chests, lockt within the said Treasure house, untill now of 
late time it is altered and changed, and their treasure and 
money kept in a fair strong house over the East gates of 
the Abbey in the south Bailey, now called the Exchequer 
and in the said old treasury is kept the common Chapter 
Seal. 

Over against the said Treasure house door, there was a 
fair great stall* of wainscott where the Novices did sitt and 
learn, and also the master of the Novices had a pretty stall 
or seat of wainscott adjoyning on the south side of the 



THE DORMITORY. 85 

Treasure house door over against the stall where the Nls - '-•- 
Novices did sitt and look on their bookes,* and there did ' > '" ,< '' 
sitt and teaeli the said Novices both forenoon (72) and after- 
noon, and also there were no strangers nor other persons 
suffered to molest or trouble any of the said Novices or 
Monkes in their Carrel Is, they being studying on their 
bookes within the Cloyster, for there was a Porter appointed 
to keep the Cloyster door for the same use and purpose.' 
L., C, Dav.\ 

(XLIII.) The Dorter. 

Vpon the West syde of the Cloyster there was a faire Ro,1 i 
large house called y e Dorter* where all y e Mounk( J & y e c " 
Novices did lve, euv Mouncke having a I i tie chamber of 
wainscott* verie close seuall by them selves & ther wvn- 
dowes towardes v° clovster, euv wyndowe servin^e for one 
Chambre bv reasoune y e pticio betwixt euv chamber was 
close wainscotted one from an other, and in euv of there 
wyndowes a deske to supporte there bookes for there 
studdie ; In y c weste syde of y e said dorter was y L " like 
chambers & in like sort placed w th there wyndowes, and 
deskf towardes y e ferniy & ye water, the chambers beinge 
all well bourded vnder foute. 

[Also the nouices had theire chambers seuerall by MS. Cos. 
himselfe not so close, nor so adioyninge [in the South-end c " lbJO * 
of the said Dorter, Dav.\ to the fores d chambers hauinge 
eight chambers on either side, euery nouice his chamber 
seuerall by him selfe, not so close nor so warme as the other 
chambers was there was no windowes* to giue light but as 
it came in at the foreside of the s d chambers, of the s d 
nouices beinge all close els both aboue and at either side. 
In either end of the said dorter was a 4 [fair, L., C, Dav.\ 
square stone, wherin was a dosen cressetts* wrought in 
either stone beinge euer filled and supplied with the cooke, 
and they needed to giue light to the monkes and nouices 
when they rose to theire matters [Mattens, L., C. | at 
midnight and for their other necessarye uses. Cos. ] 

Also there was a faire large house* and a most decent Roll, 
place adioyninge to the west syd of the said Dortre, c " 
towardes y water for y mounckes and nouices to resort vnto 



<S6 RITES OF DURHAM. 

RoNi called the pvies, w dl was maide w lh two greate pillers of 
°' stone that did beare vp the whole floore therof, and euy 
seate and pticio was of wainscott close of either syde verie 
decent so (73) that one of them could not see one another, 
when they weare in that place, there was as many seates of 
[or, L., C] pvies on either svde as there is litle wyndowes in 
v wall [altered to wallf] w dl wyndowes was to gyve leighte 
to euy one of the saide seates, w dl afterward was walled vp 
to make v c howse more close and in y e height of y c west end 
there is 1 iij fair glass wyndowes" & in y e southe syde in 
y L ' hight over y e said seates is an other faire glass wyndowe 
w ch greate wyndowes doth gyue lighte to all y e whole 
house. 2 

Also in y c Dortre was euy nyght [aboute 12 a clocke, 
H. 45] a pvy searche" by y e suppor, who did caule at 
euy mounckes chambre [by ther names, H. 45], to se good 
order keapt, y l none should be wanting [as also y l ther 
were noe disorders amongest them, H. 45] & y y mydest of 
y e said Dorter was all paved w th fyne tyled stone" from 
thone end to thother, also y c said suppors chamber was y c 
first chamber in y e Dorter for seinge of good order keapt. 
The Suppor dyd alwaies dyne'" & sup w th y c hole covent 
and ded sytt at y e over [high, H. 45] end of y e table, & 
when euy ma had Supped, w ch dyd end alwaies at fyve of 
\ ' clocke vpo y e Rynginge of a Bell to gyve warninge to 
say grace, w ch being said they deptid all to y L ' chapterhouse 
to meite y L ' por euy neight ther to remayne in praier & 
Deuoc'6* till six of y e clocke, at w ch tyme vpo the ringing 
of a bell they went to y e Salvi,* all y e dures both of y u 
Sell[er], the fratre, y e Dorter, and y c cloisters weare Locked 
evin at vj of y 6 clocke, and y c keys delyued to y c suppor 
vntyl vij [six, Cos. ; seven, L., C] of y L clock the next 
morninge. 

(XLIV.) The Lofte.* 

The mounckes dyd all dyne together at one table, in a 
place called y e lofte, w ch was in y c west end of y fratree 
[frater-house, Cos.] aboue y c seller, the Supprio dyd 

' " is " erased and " was " written over, 
"vses" before the next line, at a joining'. 



THE LOFT. 87 

alwaies sitt att v vpperend o( v table as cheeffe, and theye K( '"- 

111 ii- 1 • 1 • • 1 c. 160a 

had there moat served from \" great latching, v said great 
kitchinge seruinge both v prio and all v r whole covent. 1 

[Ther was a paire of stayres w lh in v frater house w" h did MS. 11. i. v 
goe into a Loft over itt where v ould Monekes did dyne & 
snpp where v Subprio 1 was v cheife, they were served w lh 
nieate from v great kitchinge w" 1 ' hadd two dresser 
windowes* into y e frater a greater for principal! feastes v 
other for etiv day. II. 45]. 

[And also there was a door in the west end of the Frater MS. L., 
hard (74) within the frater house door, where the old Monkes ' 5 ' 
or Covent went in, and so up a greece* with an Iron raile to 
hold them by that went up into a loft (which was in the 
west end of the Frater house) wherein the said Covent and 
Monkes did all dine and sup together, the Subprior did 
alwaves sitt at the upper end of the table as ehief and at 
the Greece foot there was another door that went into the 
great Cellar,* or buttery, where all the drink did stand, that 
did serve the Prior, and all the whole Covent of Monkes, 
having their meat served to them in at a dresser window 
from the great kitchin through the F rater house into a loft 
(above the said Cellar) wherein they did all dine and sup, 
the said kitchin served both the Prior and the whole 
Covent, having two kitchin windows into the Frater, one 
great window for principall feast, and the other not so 
great for every day/ L., C, Dav.] 

Also the mounckes was accustomed etiv (.laic aftere Roll, 
thei dyned to goc thorowgh the cloister, in at \" vshers c ' 
dour' and so thorowghe the entrie in under the pors 
lodginge and streight in to y e centorie garth' wher 
all v mounckf was buried, and ther did stand* all bair 
heade a Certain longe Space, praieng amongf the Toumbes 
& throwghes for there brethren soules being buryed there, 
[depted, II. 45], and when they hadd done there prayers 
then they did Returne to v elovster, and there did studie 
there bookes vntill iij ol' v clocke that they went to 
Evensong this was there dalie exercise [& studie em 
day after they had dyned.] 3 

' "kitching'e" "covent' repeated al joining'. 
1 In different ink. 



88 RITES OK DURHAM. 

Roll, The said mounckf weare the onelie writers of all the 
' actes* and deadf of the bushoppes and piors of y e abey 
church of Durh n \ and of all y c Cronacles and stories : and 
also did write & sett furth all thingf that was [thought, 
Cos. 1 wourthie to be noted, what actf & what miracles 
was done in euy yere & in what moneth. w ch there doinges 
were most manifestly and vndoubtedlie to be most Just 
and trewe and was alwaies most vertuouslie occupied, 
neu Idle, but either writing of good and goddly wourkes 
or studying the holie scriptures to y e setting furthe of 
y e hone & glorie of god, and for y e edifieinge of the 
people, aswell in example of good life and conversac'on, 
as by preaching y c worde of god. Thus yo w may se 
and perceave howe y e mounckf and Religious me wer 
occupied in most godly writing & other exercissis in 
auncient tyme. x 
MS. H. 45, [The s d Monckes were the onely writers of y e lives 
c 1655. anc j deedes f ye gpps and Priors of Durham and of 
Cronicles and stories of Memorable thinges and miracles 
of holy men w ch were done euy yeare, w ch writinges 
were examined and found to be moste iust & true. And 
sometymes studyinge (75) y e holy scripture to y e honno & 
glory of god and the Edifying of y e people by good 
example as well as by preachinge. H. 45.] 

(XLV.) The Common Howse.* 

Roll, On the right hand as yow goo, out of y e cloysters in to y e 
c. 1600. f mer y [ or Infirmary, Dav.] was y c comone house & a 
Maister therof the house being to this end, to haue a fyre 
keapt in yt all wynter for y e Mounckes to cume & warme 
them at, being allowed no fyre but that onely. Except y e 
M rs and officers of y e house who had there seuall fyres. 
Ther was belonging to y e coiiion house a garding and a 
bowlinge allie* on y e Backe side of y e said house towardes 
y L ' water for the Nouyces Sume tymes to recreat theme 
selves when they had remedy of there m r * he standing by 
to se ther good order, [for the recreation of the Moncks y e 
Master standi nge by to see good order kept. H. 45.] Also 

' Heading "The Comonhowse" repeated at joining'. 



THE INFIRMARY. 8g 

w th in this house d\\\ v m r therof keepe his o Sapie : ones R ""- 

r l C. IOOO. 

in the yeare. vis : Betwixt Martinmes and christinmes (a 

( k > 

sollemne banquett that v por& couent dyd vse at y 1 tyme 
of v vere ouch) w her ther Banquett was of ligC & 
reysinges aile & caikes and therof no supflwitie or excesse 
but a scholasticall and moderat congratulac'on amonges 
them selves, [and v l but a Yerv moderate one w lh owte 
supfluety, H. 45. ) 

(XLVI.) The Fermerye." 

W lh in the fermerv in onnder neth the nv of y fermyes 
chamber was a stronge presonne called y e lynghouse 
[lyinge house, Cos.\ v u c!; was ordeyned for all such as 
weare greate offenders as vf any of y e Mounckes [8c those 
w ch were in holy orders, H. 45], had bene taiken w th any 
felony or in any adultrie he should haue syttin ther in 
psonne for v L space of one hole yere in chynes w lh out 
any company, except y m r of y c fermerv [to see y l he 
were strictlye looked to accordinge to y L ' orders of y e house, 
H. 45] who did let downe there meate thorowgh a trap 
Dour" in a [great, Cos.] corde (being a great distance 
from them) [from those who were in the Prison, Dav. ] 
Other companve had they none, yf any of \ n temporall 
men, [officers, H. 45] pteyninge to y L said house had 
offended in any y pmissf aforesaid then weare they 
punyshed by y temporall lawe. [secular power, H. 45 ; 
temporary lawe, Cos.] 

(76) (XLVII.) The gest hall. 

There was a famouse house of hospitallitie called y 
geste haule w th in v abbey garth of Durh" 1 on y weste 
syde towardes y water, the Terrer of y* house being m 1 
thereof as one appovnted to gene intertaynm 1 to all staitC, 
both noble, gentle, and what degree so etl that came 
thether as strangers, ther intertevnm 1 not being inferio 
to anv place in Ingland, both for y goodnes of ther diete, 
the sweete cS: daintie furneture o( there Lodgingf, & 
generally all thingC necessarie for traveillers. And 
w lli all this interteynm' contynewing not willing or coin- 



c. i(joo. 



90 RITES OF DURHAM. 

Rp'li anding any man to depte vpo his honest & good behavyo : 
this haule is a goodly brave place much like vnto y° body 
of a church w th verey fair pillers supporting y l * on ether 
syde and in y e mydest of y c haule a most large Rauge for 
v fyer. The chambers & lodginges* belonging to yt 
weare most swetlv keept, and so richly furnyshed that 
they weare not vnpleasant to ly in, especially one chamber 
called y c Kyngf chamber deservinge that name, in y l y y 
king him selfe myght verie well haue lyne in yt for y e 
princelynes therof : The victualls that sved y e said geistf 
came from y e great kitching of y e por, y e bread & beare 
from his pantrie and seller, yf they weare of hone they 
weare sved as honoablv as y c por him selfe, otherwise 
according to ther seuall callinges; The terrer had certaine 
me appointed to wayte at his table, & to attend vpo all his 
geistf and straungers, and for ther better intertaynm 1 he 
had evimore a hogsheade or two of wynes lying in a seller 
appertayninge* to the said haule to serve his geistf w th all. 

The Prior (whose hospitallie [hospitality, MSS. and 
edd.] was soch as that there neaded no geist haule* but 
that thev weare desyrouse to abound in all lvberall and 
fre almess geving) did keppe a moste hone able house 
and verey noble intertaynem 1 being attended vpo both 
w lh gentleme and yeomen of y c best in y e countrie as 
y e honorable svice of his house Deserved no less, the 
Benevolence therof* w tb the releefe & almess of y c hole 
covent was alwaies oppen and fre not onely to the poore 
of y c Citie of Durh 111 but to all y e poore people of the 
countrie besides. 

Also the lord Prior had two porters,* the one was the 
porter of his hall dour, [called Robert Smyth, interlined] 
and (77) the other was the porter of the usher dour as y c goo, 
frome the greate chamber to y c churche [called Robert 
Clark, which two weare y c last porters to y c last por, added 
seen add manu ; in L., C] 

[The last Lo: Prior was Doctor Whitehead who after 
was the first Deane. H. 45]. 



THE INFIRMARY. <;l 

(XLVIII. Poor Children. Aged Women. The Roil, 
Farmery without the South Gates.) c * ' 

Ther weare certaine poor childrin onely maynteyned and 
releyved w th v almesse & Benevolence of the whole house, 
w"* weare cauled y childrine of v aumerey going daily to 
v fenny schole being all together mayntened In- v whole 
Covent with meate drynke and lerni'ge. 

[Ther was certayne poore children called y e children oi v Ms; n. 4.s, 
Almery w ih was brought vpp in learninge and mantayned ' ' 55 ' 
w th the Almose o( y howse hauinge dyett in a lofte on y 
North side o( y Abbey gates w ch had a longe Porch over v 
gates and a stable vnder itt \v ch after v suppression was 
turned into Mr. Steph: Marleys lodging^* & after 
converted to other vses. The s li ehildren went to scoole to 
v fermory ehamber w th owte v Abbey gates w ch was 
founded by v Priors and mantayned att ther eost. The 
last Schoole masters name was S 1 " Rob: Hartburne w ,h was 
inioyned to say Masse 2 tymes in y e weeke, att Magdelens 
ehappell near Kepyer & onee in y weeke att Ivimbles- 
worth ehappell." They had ther meate from v Novices 
table by the Clarke of the Covent owte att a windowe, where 
y s' 1 elerke did looke to them to see that they kept good 
order. H. 45]. 

There were eertain poor ehildren, called the ehildren of the MS. I-., 
Almery who onely were maintained with learning", and 
relieved with the Almes, and benevolence of the whole 
house, having their meat and drink in a loft, on the North 
side oi the Abbey gates, before the suppression of the said 
house, or Abbey, the w l|1 loft had a long porch over the 
staire head, slated over, and at either side of the said porch 
or entry there was a stair to go up to it and a stable 
underneath the said Almery or loft, having a door and an 
Entry in under the stair head to go into the stable, which 
at the suppression o( the house was appointed and became 
M 1 Stephen Marleys lodging, then shortly after the 
suppression he altered it, and look down the porch and the 
two greeses went up to the said Almery or loft, and made 
his kitchin in under where the stable was, and his buttery 
where the said Almery or loft was above, and the said poor 
children went dayly to school to the barmarv school, with- 



92 RITES OK DURHAM. 

MS. H. 45, ou t the Abbey gates, which school was founded by the Priors 
of the said Abbey, and at the charges of the same house, 
the last school Mast 1 " name was called S r Robert Hartburne, 
who continued Master to the suppression of the house or 
Abbey, and also the said Master was bound to say Masse 
twice in the week at Magdalen Chappel nigh Keapyeare, and 
once in the week at a Chappel at Kimblesworth And also 
the meat and drink, that the aforesaid poor children had, 
was the meat that the Master of the Novices, and the 
Novices left, and reserved, and was carried in at a door 
adjoyning to the great kitchin window into a little vault in 
the West end of the Frater house like unto a pantry called 
the Covie,* which had a man that kept it called the Clarke 
of the Covie,* and had a window within it, where one or 
two of the Children did receive their meat and drink of the 
said Clarke, out of the (78) Covie or Pantry window so called, 
and the said children did carry it, to y e Almery or loft, 
which Clarke did wait upon them every mail, and to see 
that they kept good order. (L., C, Dav.) 
Roll, Ther weare four aged women who lyved in the farmery 
w th out y c south gaitf* of y e abbey of Durh 111 euy one 
having ther seSall chamber to ly in, being founde and 
fedd onely w th y e releefe* that came from the priors owne 
meys [table, Cos.], in w ch farmerie there was a chappell 
wher y c scholmaster of y c fermerye [And eyther y e M r 
of y e fermery, H. 45], having his chamber & schoule 
aboue yt, or soume other preest for hi me was ordeyned 
& appoynted to saye messe to* y c iiij or oulde womenne 
euy holie daie and friday. 

[xlviiia. Zhc Steeple. 

The Steeple of this Cathedral, a stately Fabrick* is 
remarkable as well for its height as strength and just 
Architecture, having on the inside a Gallery of Stone Work 
a round it above the turn of the Arches of the Pillars upon 
which it is founded ; above which are eight long Windows 
two on each Front of the Steeple divided in the middle by 
a Cross bar of Stone, and glazed handsomly with plain 
Glass : Above the Windows on the out side is another 



1600. 



NAMES OF MONKS AND OFFICERS. 93 

Gallery, and above that a superstructure having two 
Windows on each Front ; wherein hang eight melodious 
Hells. In the eight Buttresses, on the sides of the lower 

Windows, also in the Stone Work betwixt each Window, 
arc Niches containing the Statues of the Founders, 
Protectors and Benefactors. 

Upon the East Front of the Nine Altars in two large 
Buttresses on each side of the round Window are erected 
Statues of William of Karileph the Bishop who began 
the Foundation of the present Cathedral on the South side, 
and on the North Ranulph Flamberd, who translated St. 
CuTHBERT's Body into the same ; the first in his Mitre and 
Episcopal Habit, the other having his Head uncovered. 
Hunter, 1733; Sanderson, 1767]. 

(XLIX.) Thes Beynge* Mounckes and officers' Roll > 
within y e Abbey chirche of Durh a m and named 
as followith. 

Dane Stephen M ley [Dom' Steph: Merley, H. 45; 
Don 1 Steuen Morley, Cos.] y e Suppor* and maister of 
the fratere. 

The Supprio f chamber was oil y e Dorter dour to 
thintent to heare that none should stir or pfo furth. And 
his office was to goe etiv nygfhte as a privy watch be for 
mydnyght & after mydnyght to euy Mounckes chamber 
and to caule at his chamber dour vpo him bv his name, 
to se that none of them shold be lacking- or stolen furth 
to goe about any kynde of vice or nowghtvnes. Also v 
supprio did sett alwaies in y e lofte amongf the mounckf 
at meite at y e tables end as cheefe amongf them, and to 
se that euy mane did vse him selfe according to V order 
y l he had taiken him to, he did alwaies sav grace at dvn 
& supp, and after v: of y c clocke at nyght to se all y e dures 
as y c seller dur, the fratere dour, the fawden vettf & v 
cloister dures euy dur at nyghte to be Locked, and he 
keapt y keyes of all thes foresaid dures all night vntill vij 

1 Always Dom', Dome, D'ne, and Domin', in Ei. 45; DaneinL.,C. ; Don in 
Cos. ami II. 44; Dom. or D, in />«-.■. -, D. in Hunter's editions, ami /)' in 
Sanderson, 



04 RITES OV DURHAM. 

Roll, q{ ye clocke in y e morning, and at v l tyme he caused y e 
°' said Doures to be opened, and delyued v e key of the 
cloister to y e porter therof, & y e keves of y e fratere & the 
seller to y yeoma of y e celler. 

Dane Will a m Watsonn Alias Will'm Wyloumc 
[Wylome, H. 45, C. ; Wylom, L. ; Willonne, Cos.] nv 
& kepper of y e fereture* and deece Prior 1 [& y e deputy 
prior, H. 45 ; Dece prior, L., C. ; Vice Prior, Cos.] 

The m r of y e feirture his chamber was in the Dorter, 
(79) he was y e kep of y e holy sacrede shrine* of S a te Cuthb: 
his office was that when any ma of hono or worshippe 
weere disposed to make there praiers to god & to S a cte 
Cuthb: or to offer any thinge to his sacred shrine, yf they 
requested to haue yt drawen & to se yt, then streight waie 
y e clarke of y e fereture* called George Baytes did give 
intellegence to his m r maister deece [Dece, H. 45, L., C. ; 
vice, Cos. ] por y e kepp of y e feiriture. And then y c said 
m' dyde bring y e keys of y e shrine w th him geving them to 
the clarke to open y e lockf of y e shrine. His office was to 
stand by & to se it drawen, cofiiaunding y e said clarke to 
drawe yt. Also it was eu drawe in ye mattenes tyme 
when y e Te deum was in singinge or in y e hie mess 
tyme, or at evinsong tyme" when y e Magnificat was 
song And when they had maid there praiers & dyd offer 
any thing* to yt, yf yt weare either gould sylver or Jewels 
streighte way it was houge on y e shrine." And if yt 
weyre any other thing, as vnicorne home, Eliphant 
Tooth,' or such like thinge then yt was howng w th in the 
fereture at y e end of y e shrine, and when they had maid 
there praiers, the clarke did let downe y e cou therof & did 
locke yt at euy corner gyving the keies of y e shrine to y e 
deice [his m 1 y e Dece, H. 45 ; Vice, Cos. ; to y e Dece, L., C] 
prio againe. Ther was many goodly Reliquies* that 
belonged to y e said shrine. The said George Baytes was 
Regester of the house* and did all that pteyned to y e 
register's office. 

There was also a Ban that pteyned to y e sayd shrine 
in the keapinge of the said m 1 the deece [Vice, Cos. ; 
Dece, L., C.] prio'^ called S a nct Cuthbertes Ban* [staffe, 



NAMES OF MONK'S AND OFFICERS. Oo 

interlined^, which was iiij 1 yeardf in length, all v Pippes Ro, J> 

1 i i : ee v - looo. 

ol it was oi sylver to be sleave on a long speire static, 
[along the banner staff, L., C] [and on the over most pype 
on the hight o( yt was a ffyne lytle silver crosse, interlined] 
[crosse static, Cos.] and a goodly Ban cloth pteyned to 
vt. And in the mydes o\~ the ban cloth was all of white 
vclvett halfe a yerd squayre euy way, and a faire crose oi 
Read vclvett oil yt, and w th in y e said white velvett was y 
holy Relique ye Corporax [cloth, interlined] that y holy 
man S>ctc cuthb: 2 sayd mess w l,l all. And the Resydewc 
oi v BanH clothe was [all, interlined] of Read (Crimson, 
II. 44] vclvett imbrodered all w th [grene sylke <S:, inter- 
lined] goulde, I most sumtuousle, as is aforesayd, 
interlined. \ 

The sayd ban was at y e wynyng of Branckf feilde 
[Brankinfeild, 1 Cos. ; Branksfield, L., C. ; Brankinsfeild, 
H. 44 ; Branfield, or Brankinfield Battel, Dav.] in kinge 
Henrie theightf tyme, and dyd (80) bring home w th it the 
kinge of Scottes Ban and dyuf other noble menes 
Auncyentes of Scotf and that was loste y l day. And 
did sett them vp at S a cte Cuthb: fereture where they dyd 
stand & hynge vnto the suppression of the house. 

[And at y e suppression of the house, y e aforesaid banner MS. 1.., 
of S l Cuthbert & all Auntients of the noblemen of Scotland, 
as principally the Kins;- of Scotts his banner, and diverse 
noblemens Auntients of Scotland, were shortly after clearly 
defaced, to the intent there should be no memory of the 
said Battel, and of their Auncients being spoiled, which 
were won at the said battel at Branksfield, that there 
should be no remembrance left of them, within the 
Monasticall Church of Durham. L., C, Dai\] 

And the said S'cte Cuthb: Ban was at manye other Ro11 - 
places besydes, yl was thought to be one of the goodlyesl 
Reliquies that was in England, and yt was not borne but 
of pncipall daies when ther was a generall prossession, as 
easter daie, the Assentio day, Whitsonday, Corpus christi 

1 Erased, and " fyve written over, 
" wtiiall " erased, and "did cover the chalyce with all when he" inter- 
lined. 

Branxton, <.■»■ Flodden field. 



ifmn. 



96 RITES OF DURHAM. 

Roll, daie, & S a cte Cuthb: day. And at other festivall daies it 
c. 1600. " , . . . . . 

was sett vp at y e easte end or the shrine because yt was so 

chargeable [weighty, Dav.] 

Also when so eu yt was borne yt was y e clarke [of y e 

ferture, interlined] office to wayte vpo yt [w th his surplice 

on, interlined] w th a faire reade paynted staffe, w th a forke 

or clove in y e upp end of the staffe, w ch clove was lyned 

\v lh softe silke and softe downe in vnder v e silke for 

hurtinge or brusing of y e pipes of y e Ban being of 

sylver, to taike it downe & Raise yt vp againe for y e 

weightenes therof. therwas iiij men alwaies appoynted 

to waite vpo it besydes y e clarke and he y l dyd beare yt. 

MS. L., [And there was a strong girdle* also of white leather, 
5 ' that he that did bear S l Cuthberts banner did wear it, when 
it was carried abroad, and also it was made fast to the said 
girdle, with two pieces of white leather, and at either end 
of the said two pieces of white leather a socket of home* 
was made fast to them, that y e end of the Banner staffe 
might be put into it, for to ease him that did carry y e said 
banner of S l Cuthbert, it was so chargeable and so heavy, 
there were four men alwayes appointed to wait upon it, 
besides the Clarke and he that did bear it. L., C, Dav.] 

Roll, The deace [so here in Cos.; Dece, L.] por had y e keyes 
c. 1600. & y C keaping of S a cte Beedf shrine* w ch dyd stand in y e 
galleley, and when so eii there was any genall prossessio 
then he commaunded his clarke (geving him y e keyes of 
S n cte Beedes shrine) to drawe y e cover of yt & to taike yt 
downe & dyd carry yt into the Revestrie.* then it was 
caryed w th iiij mounckes about in pssessio eiiy pncipall 
day, and when the pcessio was donne ytt was caryed into 
y e galleley & set vpe there againe, w th y e coil letten downe 
011 yt & lockte, the keyes browght by the clarke to the nv 
of y e fereture againe. 

(81) Dane Richarde Crosbie M r of y e novices. 

Ther was alwayes vj novices" w ch went daly to schoule 
w th in the house for y e space of vij yere [together, Cos.], 
and one of y e eldest mounckes that was lernede was 
appoynted to be there Tuter the sayd novices had no 



NAMES OF MONKS AND OFFICERS. 97 

wages, but meitc drinke and clothe for that space. The Roll, 
in' or Tuteres office was to se that they lacked nothing, as, 
Cowles, frocktV staffiyne, Beddinge, Bootes & sockf, and 
whene they did lacke any o( thes necessaries, the m r had 
charge to caule o( v chamberlaynes for such thing'es, for 
they neti Receyved wages nor handled any money in that 
space but goynge daly to there bookes* \v th in the cloyster. 
And yf the m 1 dyd see that any of theme weare apte to 
lernyng & dyd applie his booke & had a prignant wyt 
w th all then the m 1 dyd lett y prio haue Intellvgence then 
streighte way after he was sent to oxforde* to schoole and 
there dyd lerne to study Devinity, and the resydewe of y e 
novices was keapt at there bookes tyll they coulde vnder- 
stand there svice and y e scriptures, then at the foresayde 
yeres end they dyd syng there first messe.* The house 
was no longer charged w th fyndinge them appell, for then 
they entred to wages to Finde them selves appell, w ch 
wages was xx s in y e yere. [& noe more, H. 45.] The 
eldest mouncke in y e house had no more except he had an 
office [y l did afford itt, H. 45]. his chamber where he dyd 
ly was in the Dorter. 

Dane Johann Porter, Alias Johan Smythe Callede 
Maister Sagersten* [Saccraston, H. 45]. 

The Sextens checker* was w th in the church* in y e north 
alloy over against Bushop skirleys alter of y e lefte hand as 
yo w goe vp the abbey to S l Cuthb : fereture [which after 
was converted to a songe scoole but sence itt is pulled 
downe* by order of y e Bpp att y e cominge of Kinge Charles 
(in) 1 his progresse to Scotland and y e songe scoole made 
in y Cloisters* vnder the Moncks lodginge w her M r Green* 
now dwelleth, H. 45, secunda manu]. His office was to 
se that there should nothing be lackinge w th in y° churche 
as to pvyde bread* & wyne for the church & to pvide for 
wax and lyght in wynter. he had alwaies one Tonn of 
wyne lvinge in the said Checker for y c vse of y e sayd 
church, he had also seggersten hewgh* in keping it was 
his charge, and S l Marga(82)rettf waird* in his office. 

■ Not in the MS. 

7 



98 RITES OK DURHAM. 

Roll, Also his office was to se all the glass wyndowes repayred 
°* & mendid and y c plumbers wourke of y e churche : \v th 
mending of Bells & Belstringf [and leathering,* Dav.], 
and [all interlined] other workes that was necessary to be 
occupied both w th in y e church & w th out y e church, and to 
se y e church to be clenly keapte, all thes thingt was 
alwaies to be called for at y c Sagerstens handf as neade 
requyred./ 

Also his office was to locke vp euy day all the keyes of 
euy alter in y e church, (euy alter havinge there seuall 
aumbree and some two) and to lye theme furthe euy 
mornynge betwixt vij and viij of y e clocke vpo y e height 
[upon the Topp, H. 45] of y e aumbrie (being of wayns- 
cott), wherin they weare lockte standing w th in y c north quer 
dour* that euy mouncke myght taike y e key & appoynt 
what alter he was disposed to say mess at. Allso [And 
then, H. 45] y d went to y e chapter house* euy day where 
all the Bushops in y e oulde tyme was buryed, betwixt viij 
& ix of y e clocke and there did pray for all [y e soules of, 
H. 45] there benefactors and founders w ch had bestowed 
any thing of that church, and at ix of y e clocke ther Roung 
a Bell to mass called y e chapter messe, w ch was soug 
alwaies at y e heighe alter,* and he that song y e mess had 
alwaies in his Memento* all those that had geven any 
thinge to that church [all y e soules of theire benefc'ors, 
H. 45]. the one halfe of y e mounckes did say masse* in 
y e chapter masse tyme, and the other halfe that song the 
chapter mess, seyd messe in y e high mess tyme.* There 
was at euy alter ij challices & ij sylver Crewettf , apptey- 
ninge to yt, both w th albes and vestmentf for y e principall 
feastes as also for all other Daies besydes. Euy alter had 
ther duble furnitures* for adorni'ge all ptes of thaulter 
servinge both for y e holy Dayes and pncypall feastf. 

There founders and Benefactoures was prayed for euy 
Daie & had in Remembrance in y e tyme of the messe. his 
chamber wher he dyd lye was in y e Dorter, he had his 
meyt sved from y e great kitching to his checkre. 



NAMES OF MONKS AND OFFICERS. 99 

(L.) These Beingfe Mounckes and offeceres of y" RolI » 

V / o J c. 1 600. 

House o{ Ourh'm and naymed as follow' 1 '. 

Dane Robert Bennett" y c bowcer of y c house. 

The Bowcers checker* is a litle stone house Joyninge of 
the (83) cole garth* pteyning to y e great Kytchinge a litle 
distant frome the Deanes haule greece [staires, H. 45]. 

His office was to Receave all the Rentes that was 
pteyning to the house, and all other officers of y° house 
mayde there accoumptes to him,* and he discharged all y e 
svantC wages, and paide all the expences [& somes of 
money as was laid furth about any work appteini'g to ye 
said abey or, interlined] that y c house was charged w th all, 
his chamber where he dyd lye was in y c fermery, his meyt 
was serued from y e great kicthing {sic) to his checker. 

Dane Roger Wryght y e Cellerer of the house.* 

The Cellerers checker* was afterward Doctor Toddes 
chamber Joyni'ge of y e west end of y e great kitchinge 
having a longe greece goynge vp to yt 011 y e fawlden 
yeattf* [folden gates, Cos. ] His office was* to see what 
expences was in y c kitchinge what beffes [Beives, H. 45] 
and muttones was spente in a weeke and all the spyces & 
other necessaries that was spente in y e kitchinge both for 
y e pors table and for y e hole covent & for all strangers 
that came, [and to see y l nothinge were wantinge, H. 45]. 
Yt was his office to se all thingf orderlye served and in 
dewe tvme. The chambre where he dyd lye was in y e 
Dorter. 

Dane Roger Watson* y e Terrer of y e house.* 

The Tarrers checker was as yea goe into y° geste Haule 
of yo'' left hand in y e entrie as yo w goe in, or yea come in 
to y e great hall. 

His office was to se that all y c geste chambers* to be 
clenly keapt and that all y c table clothes, table napkingf & 
all y e naprie w th in y e chambers as sheetes and pillowes to 
be sweate and cleane, and he pvyded alwaies two hogshedf 



IOO RITES OF DURHAM. 

Ro "> of wyne* to be redie against any strangers came [for y e 
' entertaynem 1 of strangers, H. 45] and he rpvyded pvender 
for there horses* that nothing should be lacking for 
any Strang' whate degree so eu he was of and iiij 
yeame allowed to wayte vpo y e said strangers when so 
eu they came, his chamber where he dyd ly was in y e 
fermery. 

(84) Dane Willi a m foster y e Kepp of the Garnr?.* 

The m r of y e garnf checker, was oil M r Pilkingtons 
haule Doures* all his house & M r Bonnies [Bunny, 
H. 45] house* was garnf * where all there wheat & other 
corne did lye. His office was* to Receyve all y e whet that 
came & all y e make corne, and to make accoumpte what 
malt was spente in y e weeke, and whate malt corne was 
delyued to y e kylne and what was Receyved from y e kylne 
& howe moch was spente in y e house, y e kylne was where 
m r Bennettf lodging [house, Cos.] was* hard beyond the 
Counditt w ch lodging he ded buylde of his charges. 2 his 
chamber wher he dyd lie was in y e Dorter. 



Dane Thomas Sparke* y e Chamberlayne.* 

The chamberlaynes checker* was where m r Swifte* hath 
his Lodging nyghe to the abbey gaites.3/ 

His office was to pvyde for stammyne otherwaies called 
lyncye wonncye* [and other Lincy Woncy, H. 45] for 
sheetes & for sheirtes for y e Novicies and y e mounckes to 
weare, for they dyd neu weare any lynynge* And he had a 
tailler wourkinge daily makinge sockf of white wollen 
clothe both hole sockes and halfe sockf and makinge 
shertes & sheetes of lyncye wonncey in a shop vnderneth 
the sayde checker w ch tailler was one of y e svauntes* of the 
house, his chain where he dyd lye was in y e Dorter. 

1 These granaries are at present the Houses of the eighth and ninth 
Prebendaries. — Addition Ed. H. 

2 It is at this time the House of the eleventh Prebendary. — Id. 

3 Now the Mansion House of the first Prebendery. — Id. 



NAMES Ol MONKS AND OFFICERS. IOI 

Dane Henrye Browne v M 1 of y c coiTion house/ R ° H ' 

■' J c. rooo. 

[Hall, II. 45.1 

The Cofnoners checker was \v lh iii the colli on house. 
His office was to pvide for all such spices against lent as 
should be comfortable for y c said mounckes for there great 
Austeritie both of fastinge & prayinge [because ther 
austerity of fastinge & praier was very great, II. 45], and 
to see a lyre [a good fyer, H. 45] contynewally in y e comon 
house hall, (85) for the mounckf to warme theme when 
they weyre disposed, and to haue alwaies a hodgshead of 
wyne for y c mounckes and for y e keaping of his O*: called 
O Sapientia ; and to .pvide for fyggt and walnutes 
against lent, his chamber where he dyd lye was in y e 
dorter. 

Dane Will'm Watson* y e Priors Chaplaine. 

The chaplavnes Checker was oil the staires* as yo w goc 
vp to y e Deanes haule. 

His offis was to Receave at y° Bowcers handf all such 
sumes of money as was dewe for y e bowcer to paie vnto y e 
Lo: pors vse for y c mantenance of hime selfe & expencis 
of his whole howshold, and for [all, interlined} his other 
necessaries. The said chaplen 1 was to pvide for y e Lord 
pors appell, and to se all thingf in good order in y e hall, and 
his furniture [the lvninge, H. 45] for his table to be swete 
& cleane, & to se that eiiy ma applied his office deligentlie 
as it owghte to be done, to se that no debaite nor strife to 
be w lh in v c house, he had in his charge and keapinge all 
the Lord pors plaite & treasure, aswell in delyuinge 
therof, as Receiving yt in againe. And also he was to 
discharge and paie all gentleme, yeome, and all other 
svauntf & officers of y c Lord pors house [of what degree 
soever, H. 45] there wages, and to paie all other Raekningt' 
of his house what so ell. His chamber where he did lye 
was next vnto y e pors chamber./ 

All thes mounckes before Rehersed was in thes officies 
when the house was suppressed, and the mounckes and 

1 Altered to " cbaplens office." 



102 RITES OF DURHAM. 

Roll, novicies was alwaies named after this sorte* as thes 
' mounckf ys named before y e suppression of the house, 
and the por of the house was alwaies called the Lord por 
evin to y e suppressio of y e house also. 

(LI.) Saynte Cuth: Shryne 
Defacede. 

The sacred shryne of holy S a cte Cuthbert before men- 
tioned* was defaced in y e visitac'on* y l Docter Ley [Lee, 
H. 45], Docter Henley, & m 1 " Blythma heild at Durh m 
for y e subuertinge of such monument^ in the tyme of King 
Henrie "8 1 in his suppression of y e abbaies where they 
found many woorthie & goodly iewells* [goodly & rich 
ornam ts & Jewells of great Value w ch y e s d church & St. 
Cuthb: was adorned w th all but moste especially, H. 45J, 
but espe(86)ciallie one ptious stone* [belonginge to y e s d 
shrine, H. 45], w ch by y e estimate of those iij visitors & 
ther skilfull lapidaries [w ch they brought w th them, H. 45] 
y l was of value sufficient to redeme a prince : [worth in 
value a Kingf Ransome, H. 45]. After y e spoile of his 
ornam l f and iewells, cuming nerer to his [sacred, H. 45] 
bodie, thingking to haue found nothing but duste & bones 
and finding y e chiste y l he did lie in very strongly bound 
w th Irone*/ then y e goulde smyth* dide taike a great fore 
ham of a smyth* & did breake y c said chiste [open, H. 45] 
and when they had openede y e chiste they found him 
lyinge hole vncorrupt* w th his faice baire, and his beard as 
yt had bene a forth netts growthe," & all his vestm'f * vpo 
him as he was accustomed to say mess w th all : and his 
met wand of gould* lieing besid him then, when y e 
gouldsmyth did pceive that he had broken one of his leggt^ 
when he did breake vpe [open, Cos.] y e chiste,' he was 
verie sorie for it & did crye alas I haue broke one of his 
leiggtY* then Doccter Henley hereing him say so did caule 
vpo hime & did bid him cast downe his bones, then he 
made him aunswer again that he could not gett it [them, 
H. 45] in sunder, for y e synewes & y e skine heild it* that it 
would not come in sunder [could not pte, H. 45]. Then 
Docter Ley did stepp vp to se if it weire so or not and did 



ST. BEDE S SHRINE. 103 

tunic hime[self aboute interlined] and [did interlined] 
spoke Latten to Docter Henley y i he was lieing holl. yett 
Docter Henley would geve no crcditt to his word, but still 
did crye cast downe his bones, then Docter ley maide 
an ns were vf ye will not beleue me come vp yc selfe & se 
hime, then dyd Docter Henlie step vp \goc up, H. 45] to 
himc iS: did handle him cS: dyd se y l he laid hole, [was 
whole and vncorrupt, H. 45]. the he did cofnaund theme 
to taike hime downe & so it hapned contrarie tlier expec- 
tatio y ! not onely his bodie was hole and incorrupted, but 
y e vestmM' wherin his bodie laie & wherw ll > all he was 
accustomed to saie mass, was freshe saife & not consumed : 
YVhervpo y e visitores commaunded y l he should be karied 
in to y c revestre [y e Vestry, H. 45], where he was close 
and saiflie keapt* in the inner pte of y e Revestrie tyll such 
tyme as they did further knowe y e kings pleasure, what to 
doc w ll) him, and vpo notise of ye kings pleasure therin 
[and after, H. 45], the por and the mounckes buried him* 
in y c ground vnder v L ' same place where his shrine was 
exalted [under a faire merble stone w ch remaynes to this 
day, where his shrine was exalted,* H. 45]. 

(87) (LII. The Shrink of Holy Saint Bede.) 

The Shrine of holie S a cte Beede [the Shryne of St. 
Beeda, II. 45], before mentioned in y c galleleie was defaced 
by y e said visitors* & at y c same suppression, his bones 
being interred* vnder y c same place where his shrine was 
before erected [exalted, H. 45]. 

There ys two stones, that was of Sayncte Beedes shrine 
in the galiley of blewe nible w ih after the defaci nge therof 
was browght into y c bodye of the church and lyeth nowe 
over against the estmost Toumbe of the Neivellf ioyned 
both together, the vppcrmost stone of the said shrine hath 
iij [altera/ to iiij ; three, II. 45; 4, Cos. ; three, L., C] 
holes in euy corner for Irons to stand and to be fastned 
in to guyde the couyng whene yt was drawe vp or leticn 
downe, wherevpon did stand Saincte Beedes shrine. And 
the other ys a playne nible stone whichc was Loweste 
and dyd lye aboue a litle nibel tombe, where on y- lower 
end of y c v : smale pillers of inble did stande, w** pillers 



1600. 



104 RITES OF DURHAM. 

Roll > did also supporte the vppmost stone, the said stones* lyeth 
' nowe bothe together (as is affbrsaid) endway before [near, 
H. 45] where Jesus alter did stande. 



(LIII.) The Rite or Auncyent Custome of 

Prossession within the Abbey 

curche of Durha Before 

y e Suppression as 

hereafter follow" 1 . 

Prossessio by y e Prio r & y e 
mounckes on S a cte Marks Day.* 

Vpo S a cte Markt daie after easter, w ch was comonly 
fasted* thorowe all y e countrie & no flesh ete vpo it, the 
por w th y e mounckf had a solemne pssession as that daie 
& went to y e Bowe church* w th y er psessio & did verie 
solemne svice ther, and one of y e mounckes did make a 
smond to all y e people of y e pishe & of y e towne that 
came thether. 

(LIV.) Prosessio of y e iij cross daies* by 
the prior and y e mounckes. 

Likewise, on moundaie in cross weake they had also an 
other solemne psessio & did goe, to S a cte Oswald f church 
in elvett & there did verie solemne svice and had (88) a 
smont y l one of y e mounckf did make before y e audyence of 
many people of y e towne./ 

Likewise y e morowe after beinge Tewsdaie they had an 
other solemne psessio to S a cte Margaretf church in fram- 
welgate & did solemne svice there & one of y e mounckes 
did make a smont to y e audient of much people of y e said 
pishe. 

Likewise on y e morowe after being wedinsday they had 
an other solemne psession to S a cte Nicholas church in the 
mkett place and there did devyne svice very sollemly and 
had a sermont made by one of y c mounckes before y e great 
Audyence of many people. 



PROCESSIONS. 105 

(LV.) Prossessio of Hallowe 1 thursdaie, whitsonday, Ro J l < 

(.-. 1600. 

(Sc Trinitie Sonnday, by the P or & y c mounckes. 

[The manner of y* Lord Prior & his monckes goeing in 
Procession vpon Assenc'on day Whitsonday & Trinytie 
Sonday, H. 45]. 

The next morninge being Hallowe thursdaie they had 
also a general] pssessio w th two crosses borne before 
theme, [Vpon theis great festivall daies the Prio 1 hadd two 
great Crosses borne before hym, H. 45J the one, of y c 
erosses the stafe and all of gould, the other of sylver and 
peell gilt both y e crose and the staffe, w th S a cte Cuthb: 
Ban* that holy Reliquie, w ch was borne formest in the 
pssession w th all the Riche copes that was in y e church, 
euy mouncke had one, and the prio had a mveilous 
Riche cope on, of clothe of ffyne pure gould, the which he 
was not able to goe vp right w th it, for the weightines 
therof, but as me did staye it [but as some did goc by 
hym, H. 45], & holde it vp of euy side, when he had it on, 
[he went, H. 45] w th his crutch in his hand w ch was of 
sylver and Duble gilt, with [a rich, interlined] myter" on 
his head, also S a cte Beedes shrine* y l holy Reliquie [& 
reliques, H. 45], was caryed in the said .pssessio w th iiij 
mounckes on there shoulders, and Sertain other MounckC 
did cary about w th theme in y e saide pssessio dyvers other 
holy RelickC, as the picture of S a cte Oswald* of sylver 
and gilt, and S'cte Margarettt' Crosse,* of sylver & duble 
gilt, w ch pssessio did goc furth of the north dore of the 
abbey church, and thorowe y e church yeard, & down 
Lyegaite* by y c Bowe church end, and up the south baley* 
and in at y v abbey gates [& soe to the Abbey gates, 
H. 45], where a grete number of people did stand both 
men, women, & childrine, w th great reverence and devoc'on, 
w ch was a goodly & a godly sight to behold, and so went 
thorowe v abbey garth* & a number of men following yt, 
but no women was suffred (89) to goe further then the 
abbey yeattC [in y e Baylie, H. 45], & so thorow y c cloister 
into y° church./ 

' Holy, Cos. and editions. 



106 RITES OF DURHAM. 

Roll, Also vpone Witsonndaie was a generall pssessio like- 
' l °°' wise, w ch was done w th great Solennytie after this foresaid 
pssessio as it was on hallow thursday, w th S a cte Beedef 
shrine and S a cte Cuthb: Bail and all the holie Reliques, 
as y c Image of S a cte Oswald, and the Image of S a cte 
Adian* (sic) and the holie Relique of S a cte Margarettt 
Cross w th dyiif holie Reliques besides. 

Lykewise, on trinitie Sonndaie there was an other gene- 
rall pssessio after this sorte aforesaid w th all the aforesaid 
Reliques and wente all y e same sircuit that all y e aforesaide 
pssessiones dyd goe before. 

Many was the goodly riche Jewellf and Reliques* that 
did apptaine to that same churche, yt was accoumpted to be 
the richest churche in all this land so greate was the Rich 
Jewellf & ornamtf that was geve & bestowed of that 
holie ma S a cte Cuth: Besydf that kyng Richard* did 
geve his plamente Robe of blewe vellet wrowght w th great 
lyons of pure gould a mveilouse rich Cope, and an other 
Cope of clothe of gould geve to y e same church, in the 
worship of that holie ma S a cte Cuthb: by an other prince, 
so great was the godly myndf of Kingf , quenes, and other 
great estaitf for the great devoc'on & love that they had to 
god and holy S a cte Cuthbert in that Church./ [Many rich 
and pretious Jewells and holy reliques did belonge and 
apptayne vnto this Church Itt was held to be one of y e 
richest Churches in all England, soe great was y e rich 
Jewells and ornam ts Copes Vestm ts and plaite presented to 
holy S l Cuthbert by Kinges Queenes Princes & Noblemen 
as in theis daies is almoste beyond beleife Kinge Rich: 
did geive his Parliam 1 Robe of blew Velvit richly wrought 
w th great Lyons of pure gould and another Cope of Cloth 
of gould geiven to St. Cuthbert by another Prince soe 
great was y e love of Princes in those daies to religious & 
holy workes towards y e church. H. 45]. 

Looke what is further to be desyred in y e r enerration 
[generation, Cos. ; Enarration, L. ; ennarac'on, C] of this 
Auncyent Church and godly ceremonyes therin frequented, 
yo w shall Reade at large in the historie of the church* w ch 



" Looke," etc., repeated on a joining. 



PROCESSIONS. 107 

couklc not be conveynyently sett downe in these pticuler Rol, < 

. C. 1 boo 

notes beinge but as yt weare a glass tor y e vewers and 

beholders therof. 

(LVI.) The Auntient solemnytie of pscession vpocor- 

pus christi day w th in y e church and citie of durham. 

before 3 y e suppressio of y c said abbey Churche. 

There was a goodly pssessio vpo y e place grene on y 
thursday after Trinitie sonndaie in y hono' of corp y 
Christi daie v L ' w** was a pryncipall feast at that tyme. 
The baley of the towne [did stand in y towle bowth and 
interlined] did calle y l " occupac'ons that was inhabiters w th 
in y e towne euy occupatio in his degre to bring forthe ther 
Ban \v th all the lightes appteyninge to there setiall 
Bannf & (90) to repaire to y e abbey church Doure euy 
banner to stand a Rowe [in ranke, Cos.] in his Degree 
from y e abbey church Dour to Wyndshole yett,* on y e 
west syde of ye wave did all ye Bannf stand, and o\\ y e 
easte syde of y c way dyd all y e Torges [torches, Cos.] stand 
pteyninge to y e sayd Bannares. 

Also there was a goodly shrine in S a cte Nicholas church, 
ordeyned to be carved y e sayd daie in Prossession cauled 
Corpus Christi shrine all fynlye gilted a goodly thing to 
behould, and on y r hight of y e sayd shrine was a foure 
Squared Box all of christall, wherin was enclosed the holy 
sacram 1 of thaulter and was caryed y c said daie with iiij 
preistes vp to \" place grene tS: all y e hole prossessio of all 
v churches in y e said towne goyng before ytt and when it 
was a litle space w th in Wyndshole yett yt dyd stand still, 
then was S a cte Cuthb: Bann browghte fourth w th two 
goodlv faire crosses to nieete yt and y por <S: eovent w lh 
all v c whole companye of y* Quere all in there best copes 
dvd meet v said shrine sytting on there kneys and 
prayinge. The prior did sence yt [fetch it, Cos.] and then 
caryinge \t forward into the abbey church y c por and 
COvent w lh all the quere following yt It was sett in v 
quere <S: solemne svice don before ytt and Te Deuin 

- " before," etc., secunda maun. 



I08 RITES OK DURHAM. 

Roll < solemnly songe and plaide of y c orgayns euy ma praysinge 
' god and all y e Bannt of y e occupac'ons* dyd followe y e 
said shrine into y e church goyng Rownde about Saincte 
Cuthb: fereture lyghtinge there Torches & burning all y e 
svice tyme. then yt was caryed frome thence w th y e said 
pssessio of y e towne back againe to y u place from whence 
it came & all the Bant of y e occupac'ons following it, & 
setting yt againe in y e church, euy ma maiking his 
prayers to god did depte, and y e said shrine was caryed 
into y e Revestrie* where yt Remayned vntill that tyme 
Twelvemonthe. 

Then afterward in y e first yere of Kyng Edwardes 
Reigne there was certaine comyssioners appoynted to 
deface all suche ornamentf as was lefte in y e ptehe 
churches in Durh 111 vndefaced in y e form visitac'on, y L " 
names of y e comyssioners was Docter Harvye and Docter 
Whitby* y e said docter Harvie did call for y e said shrine, 
and when it was browght before him he dyd tread vpo it" 
w th his feete and did breake yt all in peces withe dyut 
other ornamentf pteyninge to y e church. 



APPENDIX. 



(f. 14 1 ') (p. qi) I. A description* of the histories sett MS - RiwL 

1603. 
foorth in the glasse windowes in the Catherdrall 

Church of Duresme. 

(MS. Rawlinson, B. 300, Bodleian Library). 

The north Alley of y e body of y c Church. 

1. In the Alley towards the north are 6 glasse 
Wyndowes. y lowest towards the Lanterne haith 3 faire 
lights* devyded w th stoneworke hauinge therein y picture 
of Christ crucified, in the middle or first light, & in the 
2 light the picture of our blessed Lady one the one side 
of the picture of Christ, and in the 3 light the picture of 
saint Iohn Evangelist on the other syde of y° picture of 
Christ, & a monke in a blew habitte* (vnderneeth him) 
kneeling vpon his knees* & holding vp his hands : & 6 
turrett wyndowes* in plaine glasse. 

2. In the 2 wyndow are 2 long lights devvded w th 
stoneworke in white glasse w th out pictures, round about 
coloured glasse,* & 4 turrett wyndowes. 

3. In the 3 wyndow are 2 faire long lights deuided w th 
stoneworke hauinge in y e first light the picture of saint 
Katherine,* & beneath her y e picture of saint Oswold, & 
below him y e picture of saint Cuthbert, in y e 2 light is y e 
picture of our Blessed Lady, w lh Christ in her armes, c\: 
beneath her y picture of saint Bede, And below him the 
picture of St. Edmond B. & y° armes of S l Cuthbert,* 
& S 1 Oswold finely sett out in coloured glasse, & 4 turrett 
wyndowes. 

4. In y 4 wyndow are 2 long lights devyded as afore- 
said in white glasse w th out pictures, round about w lh 
couloured glasse, & 4 turrett wyndowes. 

5. In the 5 are 2 long lights deuided w lh stoneworke in 
white glasse without pictures, round about with coulered 
glasse, & 5 turrett Wyndowes, 4 vndreneath and 1 aboue. 



i6o." 



IIO RITES OF DURHAM. 

MS. Rawi., (g 2 ) 6. In the 6 window are 2 long lights devyded w th 
stoneworke hauing in y e 1 light y° picture of saint Oswold, 
& beneath him the picture of S l Paule, & in the 2 light the 
picture of S l Peter, & beneath him y e picture of S l lames, 
in fyne coloured glasse, & aboue 4 turrett lights, with 
Bushop Skirlawes armes* in the topp. 

In the end of y e Church towards y c West, oil y e north 
Gallilee doore, is a wyndow with 2 lights devyded with 
stoneworke, hauing in the south light the picture of o 
Blessed Lady w th Christ in her armes, & a scepter in her 
hands & y e 2 or north light in white glasse, & aboue are 

4 turrett lights with B. Skirlawes armes in the top of all. 

The South Alley of y e body of y e Church. 

In this Alley are 6 wyndowes of glasse, fynelv coulered 
w th pictures, vi^t. 

1. In y e 1 011 y e Church doore going into the cloister 
is a wyndow with 3 faire long lights devyded with stone- 
worke, hauing in the 1 light the picture of S l Oswold, (f. 15) 
In the 2 light the picture of O' Blessed Ladie & vnderneath 
her is B. Langley in his episcopall attyre praying on his 
knees & holding up his hands, with his armes in a 
scutcheon* vnderneath hi & thes words orate ,p ala diii 
Thome Langley quonda ep'i huius eccl'ie, & in thee 3 
light is pictured saint Cuthbert, sett foorth in fyne coloured 
glasse, & 3 white turrett wyndowes. 

2. In the 2 light are 2 faire long lights devyded w th 
stoneworke hauing in the 1 light the picture of S l George 
in armoure, and a red lyon vnder his feete, & in the 2 
light the picture of S 1 Oswould king, in the 3 light the 
picture of o blessed Lady, in y e 4 light y e picture of saint 
Cuth : in his episcopall attyre, & in the 5 light y e picture 
of S l Xpofer* with Christ on his shoulder & astaffe in his 
hand budding & flourishing, & the draught of the instru- 
ments wherewith Christ was crucified & the mann thereof 
excellently sett foorth. & 10 knotts* in coloured glasse 

5 aboue and 5 below, & 6 tower wyndowes in white glasse. 

3. In the 3 window are 2 long lights devyded w th 
stoneworke hauing in y° 1 light the picture of god* the 



THE NORTH ALLEY OF THE LANTERN. I I I 

(father & Christ on his brest hanging one t he crosse, & in Ms - Rawl 
the 2 light is pictured S 1 Cuthbert \v lh certaine amies of 
the neviles excellently done, & 4 turrett wyndowes in the 
topp hauing all the neviles amies as they were ioyned in 
marriage. 

4. In the 4 window are 2 faire long lights devyded with 
(03) stoneworke hauing in the 1 light the picture of o 
blessed Lady, & S* lohn Baptist, 81 S' paule, & in the 
2 light S 1 lohn Euangelist with the chalice in his hand, 
S 1 Anne <S: other pictures w th 3 neuils amies beneath as 
they were ioyned in marriage & aboue 4 turrett wyndowes 
w th the nevills amies in them all. 

5. In the 5 window are 2 fare long lights devided w th 
stoneworke, hauing in the 1 light y e picture of the Angell 
Gabriell saluting the blessed virgin Mary, & in the 2 
light is y e picture of our blessed Ladie & 2 other angells 
with scutcheons with the armes of the nevills" & others 
with whom they were maryed, on there breasts, the one 
angell vnder S l Gabriel, & thee other vnder o blessed 
Ladie, all sett out in fyne coloured glasse, and aboue 4 
tower wyndoes in painted glasse w th knotts. 

6. In the 6 wyndow are 2 faire long lights devided with 
stoneworke, without pictures, and aboue 4 towre lights, 
hauing in them the armes of 4 seuall noblemen in coulored 
glas. 

Also there is a window ou the south doore of the 
Gallilee, hauing 3 lights devyded with stoneworke, with- 
out pictures, & 4 towre wyndowes in white glasse. 

(f. 15 1 ') The north Alley of the Lanterne. 

In the end of y said Alley towards the north, is a faire 
glasse window & therein 3 faire long lights devided with 
stoneworke, hauing in the 1 light the picture of S 1 lohn 
Bap: w th y Lambe of God in his hand, & in y c second 
light is y picture of o B. Ladie, w ,h the picture of a 
monke in a blew habite vpon his knees, holding vp his 
hands vnto her, & aboue his his |v/V] head written m'r 
dei miserere mei, & in the 3 light is v picture of S l lohn 



112 RITES OF DURHAM. 

MS. Rawl., Evangelist w th a read in his hand, & beneth hi y e 
° 3 ' draughts of the nevills Crosse, & bulls head, with ii towre 
windoes aboue, & y e picture of God Almightie in thee 
highest of all in fyne coloured glasse. 

And further in the s d Alley are 3 altars, & aboue euie 
altar on glasse window, hauing 3 fare long lights deuided 
with stoneworke. 

1. The 1 altarre is called S l Giles altar, & in y l wyndow 
in y e 1 light is pictured S l Nicholas, hauing vnder his feet 
written scus Nicolaus epus, in the 2 light is pictured 
nicodem p w th bluddy hands & face bearing y° wight of 
Christ of the crosse in his armes, (94) & in y e 3 light is 
pictured saint Gyles in a blew habitt, with y e hind at his 
feete* shott w th a shaft. 

2. The 2 Altar is called S l Gregories altar, hauing 
thereon another window with 3 faire lights devyded w th 
stoneworke, in y e first light is y e picture of saint Gregorie, 
in y e 2 light is y e picture of o~ B. Lady, w th Christ in her 
armes, and one W m Seaton sub prior a monke pictured 
vnder her in a blew habitt kneeling & holding vp his 
handi w th these words, W m Seaton sub prior, & in the 
3 light a bish[o]p w th a crosse on his should [sic] called S l 
Ambrose. 

3. The 3 Altar is called S l Bennets Altar, & hauing y e 
like window, w th 3 fare lights, in y e 1 light is the picture 
of S* Bennet in a blew habitt, with a crosyer staffe in his 
hand, & vnderneath him, the picture of S l Herome w th y° 
Cardinalls hatt on his head, & in y e 2 light is the picture 
of Xpte as he did ascend, & rose from the death, & a 
picture of a prior kneeling and holding vp his hands, 
before y e altatr [sic] with a miter sett vpon it, In y e 3 light 
is y e picture of S l Katherine* w th y e whele in her hand, & 
vnder her the picture of Mary Magdelene w th an alablaster 
box in her hands w th the ointement therein as she 
annoynted Christ, & aboue are 3 towre windowes pictured 
therein, with angells, all sett forth in fyne coulored 
glasse. 



THE SOUTH ALLEY OF THE LANTERN. I 1 3 

And V order of S' Bennett* sett forth in there pictures Ms - Rawl., 
in wainscott, with a ptition, the priors* within & \"' 
monkes w th out. 

The south Alley of y° Lanterne. 

In the Alley are 3 altars, the 1 called o La: altar, al's 
howghells altar, the 2 y lady of Boltons altar, y e 3 s l 
ffides altar towards y e south. 

1. The 1 aultar hauing a faire glasse window w lh 3 
faire long lights, seiied w th stoneworke hauing in y° 1 
light the picture of S l (Catherine* w th the whele' in (f. 16) 
her hand vnderneeth her y e picture of o B. lady w th 
Christ in her armes, in the 2 light, & vnder her the picture 
of a monke in a blew habitt, praing & holding vp his 
hands, & in y e 3 light the picture of S l Margaret, & vnder 
y° picture of S l Xpofer* bearing Chish [sic] of his shoulders, 
011 the water, hauing a staffe budding & flourishing in his 
hand, & 3 towre windowes w th out pictures ; The [w th the, 
H. 44] picture of S* Iohn Baptist put in prison, & standing 
within the grate or iron barre thereof, w th a booke in his 
hand w lh (95) y c lambe of God vpon it pointing vnto it w th 
the other hand, as when Xpt sent diuers messengers to 
Iohn being in prison who pointed vnto the Lambe w th his 
finger, ecce agnus dei, w dl was Christ who had sent to 
learne of hi who he was. 

2. The 2 altar haith alsoe a Window w th 3 lights, 
hauing in y c 1 y c picture of S l Iohn Euangelist w lh y e read 
in his right hand, & y e eagle vpon his booke, in his left 
hand, & vnder him y e picture of S l Nicholas, in the 2 light 
y e picture of o^ Lady of Bolton, with a golden mase in her 
hand, & a crowne of gold on her head, a monke vnder 
her feete, k'eling & praying w th eleuated hands, & in 
v 3 light \" picture of S l Stephen with the stones in his 
hand where with he was martered, 2 & vnder hi the picture 
of S l Iohn Bap: w th the lambe in his hand, & aboue all 3 
towre windoes with couloured glasse sett forth, with 
aungells pictured in them. 

1 "whole" in MS. a "quartered" in MS. 

8 



114 RITES OF DURHAM. 

MS. Rawl., 3. The 3 aultar haith alsoe 3 like lights, hauing in y e 
° 3 ' 1 the picture of o^ Blessed Ladie w th Xpt in her armes, & 
vnder her the picture of S l ffides, in y c 2 light the picture 
of god y e father, w th Xpt in his armes, as pceeding from 
thee father, vnderneath hi y e picture of S l Thonas [sic] & 
vnder him the picture of a monke in a blew habitt, 
praying & holding vp his hands, & vnder him y e picture 
of S l Leonde," vnder hi y e picture of S l Laurence, & in the 
high pt of all the window, in a little turrett window, the 
picture of S l Bede in a blew habitt, and 2 other little turrett 
windowes, with thee pictures of 2 aungells. 

In y e end of the said altar southward is a faire 
glasse window w th 3 faire long lights, devided with stone- 
worke, in the middle or 1 light is y e picture of Xpt 
crucified, & vnderneath y e picture of A monke in a blew 
habitt kneeling & holding vp his hands hauing written 
aboue his head, Xpe Iesu Thoe des grandiu [gaudium, 
H. 44], & in y e 2 light y e picture of o B. lady on theone 
side of Christ, & in y e 3 light y e picture of S l Iohn 
Evangelist on theother side, of Xpt, & aboue all 5 towre 
lights w th y e picture of god almightie w th a globe in his 
hand, & in y e middle light y e picture of 2 aungells ov [on, 
H. 44] either side of god, one in either of y e other 2 lights 
[sic]. 

Also there is a window towards y e cloister, on y e west 
side on the clocke doore, 011 y e old seat* hauing therein 3 
faire long lights deuided w th stoneworke, hauing in the 1 
light y e picture of o Ladie, & vnder her y e picture of S* 
Cuth: w th S l Oswolds head (96) in his hand, in y e 2 light 
y e picture of 0' sauiour Xpte on the Crosse with . I. n. r. I. 
ou his head, w th aungells receyuing blood & water from 
his side, & 2 aungells, receyuing y e blood from his feet, & 
thee (f. i6 b ) & the picture of the sunne & moone wanting 
light aboue his head, vnderneath the picture of Xpt, is the 
picture of o Ladie, & vnderneeth her the picture of a 
monke in a blew habitt holding vp his hands & kneeling 
hauing aboue his head . M'r dei miserere mei, & in the 
3 d light the picture of S l Iohn Baptist, & S l Oswold vnder 
him, as he was king in princely attyre. 



THE NORTH ALLEY OF THE QUIRE. i 1 5 

The North Alley of the Quiere. MS. Rawl. 

J ~* 1003. 

In the North Alley of the quier are 4 faire contoured 
glasse windowes seuered with stoneworke. 

1. The 1 hauing therein 4 faire long lights seiied as 
aboue, having a casement* therein cotaining in the 1 light 
the picture of our blessed Lady, w th Xpt in her armes, & a 
triple crowne of gold on his [her, H. 44] head, in y° 2 
light is pictured S 1 Anne, in the 3 light S l Marie Magde- 
lene, & in the 4 light S 1 Marie Cleophe, & Salome, being 
the 3 Maries, tS: 5 little toure windoes in white glasse in 
the hight of all. 

2. In y e 2 window is 4 faire long lights seued as aboue, 
hauing in y e 1 light y r picture of S l Michaell thearchangell, 
w ,h a sword in the one hand, & a staffe w th a crosse on 
theother, killing the dragon, in y 2 light the picture of 
saint Katherine w th y whele J on her hand, & a naked 
sword, & written aboue her head, S'ca Katherina, in the 
3 light the picture of o blessed La: w tb Xpt in her armes, 
& written aboue her head, s'ca Maria, vnderneth her feete 
the picture of a monke in a blew habitt, kneeling w th 
eleuated hands, & written aboue his head, m'r dei misere 
{sic) mei, vnderneth his feete written, dfis Georgi p Co'n- 
furth. and in y c 4 light the picture of S l Cuthbert w th S l 
oswolds head in his hand, & 011 hi written, S'cus Cuth- 
bert , & aboue all are 7 towre lights in white glasse, 
& below 2 knotts in white glasse. 

3. In y e 3 window are 4 like lights seued as aboue, in 
y e 1 y e picture of S l Oswold King w th y e Crosse on his 
brest, in the 2 light y e picture of S l Cuth: w th S'cus 
Cuthbert written vnder hi, in the 3 y e picture of S l 
Gregorie, with s'cus Gregori written vnder hi, & in the 4 
of a monke traueyling* to the sea syde, and washing his 
feete found saint Cuthbert standing in y e sea aboue his 
sholders holding vp his hands, looking towars heauen, 
saing his prayers, & alsoe another monke lying on the 
hight of a rocke leaneing on his arme, beholding holy S l 
Cuth: wher he stood, in the sea at his prayers, (97) aboue 
all 7 towre windoes in coloured glasse, hauing in the 
sundrie pictures. 

' " whole " in MS. 



Il6 RITES OF DURHAM. 

MS. Rawl., 4. \ n the 4 window is 4 like lights, contaying [sic] in 
° 3 ' the 1 y° picture of Aydanus B. in the 2 y e picture of S l 
Cuth: in the 3 saint Mary, & in y e 4 S l Oswold, finely sett 
out in coloured glasse, & 3 turrett windows hauing the 
pictures of two angells offering 1 to the pictures of xpt 
incense, in the highest w th 12 couloured knotts. 

(f. 17) The south Alley of the quier. 

1. In the south Alley are 4 windoues, the 1 hauing 4 
long lights seiied with stoneworke, hauing in the 1 light 
the picture of S l Cuth: w th S l Oswolds head in his hand, 
in the 2 light the picture of S l Oswold king with his 
scepter in his hand, in y e 3 light the picture of o B. lady 
with Xpte in her armes, & in the 4 light y e picture of S l 
George in armour in blew colours/ killing the dragon, & 
vnderneath euie of the the draughts of there 4 seuall 
armes in scutcheons,* vizt. of S l Cutb: S l Oswold, o 
Blessed Lady, & S l George, & aboue all 3 towre windowes 
in white glasse with 4 knotts of fyne couloured glasse 
vnderneeth them. 

2. In the 2 window are 4 like lights, hauing in them, 
the picture of S l Peter w th s'cus Petrus vnder his feete, 
hauing the golden keyes in his hand, & his pt of the 
Crede," Credo in deu &c : in the 2 the picture of S l 
Andrew with scus Andreas vnder hi, & aboue his head, et 
in Iesu &c. in the 3 the picture of S l lames with a staffe & 
a crosse vpon it in his hand, & vnder hi s'cus Iacobus & 
aboue his head qui conceptus &c. & in the 4 the picture 
of S l Iohn Euangelist w th the chalice in one hand, & the 
read in the other, undre hi s'cus Ioh'es, & aboue him 
passus sub pontio &c. & 13 toure windowes in most fyne 
colours, & aboue all the picture of God almighty in fyne 
couloured glasse. 

3. In the 3 window are 4 like lights, hauing in the 1 
the picture of saint Thomas w th s'cus Thomas vnder him, 
& aboue hi resurrexit a mortuis &c. in the 2 the picture of 
saint lames vnder him S'cus Iacobus, & aboue hi, et sedit 
ad dextra, &c. in the 3 the picture of S l Phillip, vnder hi 
S'cus Phil: 9 & aboue inde venturus est, & in y e 4 y e 

' " yferring " in MS. 



THE VESTRY HOUSE. I I ~, 

picture o\ S' Bartholomew, vnder hi S'cus Bartolemeus, Ms - Rawl 

1003. 
& aboue credo in spirit u sanctii c\'c. & 4 fyne knotts 

in coulered glasse, & 10 tow re windowes in white glasse. 

4. In the 4 window are 4 like lights, hailing in the 1 
the picture of S< (98) Barbarie, w t!l the castle in her hand, in 
the 2 light the picture of S l Andrew, in thee 3 the picture 
of S 1 lohn Euangelist, & in y e 4 y c picture of S 1 lames 
with thee pilgrims staffe in his hand, & his scrippe 
about hi, & aboue 3 towre windowes, in the higehest the 
picture of Xpt crucified, in the 2 the picture of o blessed 
La: cS: in y e 3 the picture of S l lohn baptist, excellently 
sett forth in fyne couloured glasse. 

The Vestrie House. 1 

1. Wherein are 4 windowes, in the east end thereof the 
fairest window hailing therein 5 faire long lights setled 
with stoneworke, hauing therein the picture of xpte 
crucified in the midst thereof, & aboue his head a pellican 
pictured, giuing her blood to her young ones, as Xpt gaue 
his for the whole world, and the picture of our blessed La: 
platting [wringing, Hunter's editions] her hands & 
lamenting most pitifully his death, on the (f. 17'') on the 
one syde of xpte, & the picture of S l lohn Euangelist 
leaning on his arme on theother syde, with weeping teares 
from his eyes, & the picture of S l Bede in a blew habitt 
of the north syde of our blessed Lady, & the picture of 
S l Leonard* on the south side, of S l lohn being all fynely 
sett forth in couloured glasse. 

2. In the 2 window are 3 like lights, hauing in the 1 
the picture of S* Oswold with a ball and a crosse in the one 
hand, and a scepter in the other, in the 2 the picture of our 
Lady, with Christ in her amies, and in y e 3 the picture of 
S l Cuthbert w lh saint Oswolds head in his hand, tS: the 
picture of a monke called Thomas Moresbie" deuoutlv 
kneeling, with M'r dei miserere mei, written aboue his 
head. 

3. In the 3 window are 3 like lights, hauing in the 1 
the picture of the salutac'on of the angell Gabriell, to 
the virgin Mary, in the 2 the picture of o blessed Lady, 

' This section is not in MSS. C., II. 44. 



IlS RITES OF DURHAM. 

MS. Raul., w ith a little pott before her, & vnderneeth her, the picture 
of the prior of Coldingha named W m Drax,* hauing a 
crosyer staffe in one hand, & a booke in the other, in a 
black habitt kneeling, & holding vp his hands, with m'r 
dei miserere mei, aboue his head, & vnder him W m Drax 
prior of Coldingha, & vnder hi y e picture of S l Ebba 
prioresse,* at her prayers w th these words, Aue gra plena 
d'ns tecu. 

4. In the 4 window are 3 like lights, hauing in y c 1, 
the picture of B. Aydan in his episcopall apparell, with his 
crosyer (99) staffe in his hand, in the 2 light the picture of 
gt W ni Bushop* in his masse apparell & a staffe in his 
hand w th a crosyer vpon it, & vnder hi the picture of a 
monke in a blacke habitt, called Thomas Rome,* hauing 
written vnder hi Thomas Rome sacrista, and aboue him 
Scus will'us (sic) ora pro nobis, & in the 3 light the picture 
of S l Bede in a blew habitt all sett forth in couloured glasse. 

The 9 Altars.* 

1. ffirst in the midest was the altar of S l Cuthb e rt & S l 
Bede, aboue w ch there is a faire long window, w th 4 long 
lights seuered w th stoneworke, & a crosse diuision* of 
stone thwart the midst, In the 2 high light are y e pictures 
of S l Cuthbert with S l Oswolds head in his right hand, & 
his crosier staffe in thother, apparrelled as he said Masse, 
viz an albe & a read westm 1 aboue it, & S l Bede in a blew 
habitt, vnder there feet in the same high lights are the 
pictures of 2 Bishops with there crosier staues in there 
hands kneeling & looking vp vnto the, in there espiscopall 
attire & myters, the one vnder S l Cuthbt & the other vnder 
saint Bede. 

In the 2 lower lights is the discription of S l Cuthbert 
[vide Cloyster windowes,* H. 44] w th the sun beame 
shining, vpon his mothers bedd, at his natiuity, & the 
building of Fame Hand with other pt of his myracles, w th 
the picture of S c Oswold king, blowing his home,* & the 
picture of S l Cuthbt appearing to y e said saint Oswold, 
(f. 18) with the draught of the armes of Bishop Langley 
& others, all in fyne couloured glasse, and aboue all are 4 



i in: NINE \i. i ARS. 119 

turret windows cortteyning the picture o( our blessed • VIS - K •' 
Lady, and the lillie before her, and her salutation in 
cou loured glasse. 

On the south side oi S 1 Cuthberts & S' Bedes altar, was 
the altar of S* Oswold king, & S l Lawrence haueing aboue 
the same a like wyndow & light, the 2 higher lights 
hauing the picture of S l Oswold with a scepter" in his 
right hand, & a golden crowne on his head, & a crosse & 
a ball in the left hand, & vnder hi the picture of Bishop 
Langley in his pontifical! habitt, hauing written aboue hi, 
o s'ca m'r dei ora pro me, & vnder hi, orate pro Thoma 
Langley ep'o dunelm, & the picture of S l Lawrence 
w lh his girdirons in his left hand, <& the armes & 
scutcheon of B. Langley vnder hi, viz a faire crowne of 
gold aboue his helmet, & within the crowne, the crest 
being a bush of ostrich feathers* excellently sett forth, in 
fyne greene & read painted glasse, the 2 lower lights 
conteyne the seWall storyes of S l Oswold beheaded (100) & 
lying on his beare accompanied with S l Cuth : & others, 
& the sun beames shyning vpon hi, where he lav on his 
beare, & the story of S l Laurence death & martyrdome, & 
in the middle deuision of the said window are 4 like lights, 
hauing 4 starres or millets in the, & aboue all are 4 turrett 
windowes hauing the pictures of our sauiour Christ, and 
our blessed Ladie, & others in most curious glassoned 
worke. 

2. The 2 was the altar of S l Thomas of Canterburie, & 
s l Katherine, a like window with like lights, conteyning 
the storie of S l Thomas martirdome comming downe on 
the one side, & the storie of s l Katherina' brought before 
the king & tormented on the wheeles, with 2 aungells 
seuering thee wheeles from torturing her, & after coffiitted 
to prison, looking foorth of the grate, and her beheading 
afterwards in the kings psence, coming downe on the 
other side, with certaine armes & scutcheons in 4 turrett 
windowes, vnder the midst o\~ the said window deuided, & 
the pictures of 4 Bishops, in 4 little turret windowes, cS: 
the picture oi B. Lady aboue all in a blew habitt. 



120 RITES OF DURHAM. 

MS. Rawi., 3. The 3 was the altar of S l Iohn Baptist, & S l 
Margeret with a like wyndow & lights hailing the picture 
of S l Iohn Baptist one the one syde, & the lambe, & a 
crosse in his hand, with these words written aboue him, 
ecce agnus dei, & vnder him. (a monke called 
Thomas) in a bleu habitt, with these words aboue hi, 
adiurua [sic] me s'ce Cuthb'te Thorn, & his baptizing of 
Christ in Iordan, being after brought before the King 
and Oueene & soe consequently beheaded, & the picture of 
S l Margaret" on the other syde, hauing oiicome the dragon, 
with these words aboue her, S'ca Margareta, & being 
brought before the king was condemned, & hung by the 
head haire, drawen vp by wyndowes,* & put into a tunne 
of oyle, which would not kill her, because the [sic] would 
not consume it, & soe she was beheaded, aboue all 
are 4 turrett Wyndowes, conteyning & holding the 
pictures of S l Iohn Baptist and our blessed Lady & others, 
& finely sett out in couloured glasse. 

4. (f. i8 b ) The 4 was the altar of S l Andrew, & Mary 
Magdelene, w th a like wyndow & lights, conteyning on 
the one syde, the picture of S l Andrew, with his crosse oil 
his bodie, and these words oil his head, S'cus Andreas, on 
the other side, Mary Magdelene w th s'ca Maria Magdelena 
oil her head, & the storie of her kneeling at her prayers, 
brought before the king and iudged to die,* & some pt 
of the storie of Xpt annoynting & visiting the sicke, & 
aboue all 4 turrett wyndowes, & the pictures of 4 doctors of 
the Church, S l Augustine, Hierome, Ambrose, & Gregorie, 
in fyne couloured glasse. 

(101) 1. On the north syde of S l Cuth : & S l Bedes altar, 
was the altar of saint Martin, and saint Edmond,* hauing 
like wyndow, and ligts, conteyning the picture of S l Martin 
in his blew vestm 1 , & his myter on his head, a staffe in 
his hand and a crosse on the topp, & these wordes ouer 
him, S'cus Martinus Archep'us, & vnder him the draught 
of Bishop Skerlawes armes holden vp with 2 aungells, & 
fadowmed" & coiled with the third, & the storie of S r 
Martin & certaine armes drawen therein, especiallie the 
picture of a wicked spirite in the likenesse of a womam [sic] 



1'IIK NINE ALTARS. 121 

who had gotten into the chamber of S 1 Martin (Edmond MS. Rawl. 

interlined, and so H. 44), intending to tempt that holie 

man, (to leeherie, interlined) & his contempt of the sin, 

was sin of leeherie, [sic] who by the prayers <S: deuotion of 

that holv man & his contempt of the sin, was soe abhorred 

and detested, that he with a rod did switch & beate her 

forth o( the bed, & the picture of S l Edmond in his red 

episcopal! attire, with a staffe hauing a erosse on the top, 

in his hand, <S: these words oti him, S'cus Kdmudus ep'us, 

with diuers & sundrie armes of men, both aboue in little 

turret wvndowes, & below, & the picture of B. Skeirlaw 

with the picture of 2 angells on eother syde, vnderneeth 

S l Edmund B. with 4 turrett wyndowes conteyning the 

armes of diuers noblemen pfectly drawen in the breasts of 

4 angells. 

2. The 2 was the altar of saint peter & saint paule, 
hauing like wyndow & lights, conteyning the picture of 
S l peter with the erosse keyes in his hand, & vnderneath 
his beheading,' & pt of his myracles shewing his danger of 
drowning walking walking [sic] towards Xpt on the sea, 
vntill Xpt helped hi, & tooke hi by the hand, w th y c picture 
oi 4 armes in the little paines vnderneath the middle stone- 
worke, And the picture of saint paule psecuting the Church 
of Damascus, & therefore stricke blind, & after, became an 
ap'le vpon the appearing of Xpt vnto hi, hauing written 
vpon his breast, Saule, Saule, quid tu me psequeris, & 
after brought before thee emperour was beheaded, & aboue 
all 4 little towre wyndowes w th 4 fvne pictures fvnely 
sett out in [sic] couloured glasse, that is to saie, of saint 
Ceadda, saint Cuthbert, saint Aydaine, and another Bishop 
Which is unknowen, & a little wyndow aboue all with y e 
picture of god almighty. 

3. (f. 19) The 3 was the altar of S l Aydaine, with 
like wyndow <\: lights, with the picture of S' Aydaine in 
his episcopall attyre, w th his crosier staffe in his hand, 
whose soule after his death is departed [in his hand and his 
Soul carried to Heaven by two Angells* in a Sheete with 
part oi' the Storie of Christ, C. ; reported, II. 44] to 
be carved vp in a sheete into heauen by 2 angells, with 



122 RITES OF DURHAM. 

MS. Rawl., p C ell of the story of Xpt, & the picture of a king & 2 other 
saints, & the picture of S l Elinor* [S l Ellinor in a blew 
habit being a Prioresse with the Story of religious women 
of her order going to her Chappell, C. ; Helena, H. 44] in 
her blew habitt being a prioresse, conteyning the story 
[soverainty, H. 44] of the religious women of her order, 
resorting to there Churche & the picture of our Ladie 
& the angell Gabriell appearing to her, & the (102) holy 
Ghost ouershadowing her, the lilly springing forth of the 
lillie pott, and vnderneath the middle stoneworke are the 
pictures of angells in 4 little wyndowes, & aboue all are 
4 towre wyndowes with the pictures of 4 ap'les, and thee 
picture of God almightie all in another wyndow, in 
couloured glasse, with our sauiour Christ in her* [his, 
H. 44] armes. 

4. The 4 altar, was the altar of the archangell S l 
Michaell, with like window & lights, conteyning the 
pictures of 8 seuerall orders* of angells, in 8 seuall 
pictures, vijj one angell pictured & vnder hi written 
Cherubines & seraphines, another, & vnder him, Arch- 
angeli, another, & under hi, Angeli, another, & vnder 
him, principatus, another, & vnder him, dominac'oes, 
another, & vner [sic] him potestates. 

And aboue all in 4 turrett windowes the pictures of 4 
Archangells, winged with the wheele vnder there feet, & 
there names written in there winges, and aboue all in a 
little towre window, in the middest of it, is the picture of 
god Almighty. 

ffinis. 

ffinis de histories of the glasse windowes in the Cathe- 
drall Church of Duresme. 

MS. Cosin. (ioi) II. De aduentu Regis Henr: 6 ad Eccl'iam 
b. 11. 2, v r* 1 

1660, P . 112. Dunelm. 

Illustrissimus benignissimus graciosissimus et o'ibus 
eum intuentib p amabilis. Rex noster Henricus sextus post 
conquestuin visitauit Tumbam S'ti Cuthberti pontificis in 
Dunelmo. causa peregrinac'ois Anno Domini 1448.* An'o 
papatus D'ni Nicholai 5 li 2 A Regni Regis ejusdem 
Henrici 26 A° agtatis ejusdem vicesimo 7 1110 An'o 



LETTER OF KING HENRY VI. 1 23 

pontificatus Domini Roberti Xeuill Dunel' Ep'i undecimoMS. Cosin, 

I! I I 1 

et A n " prioratus D m ' Mgn Willmi Ebchester sacrae ",(,,„',."" 
paginae professoris in Theologia socundo. litera dominicalis 
F. C. \j" Kal : octobris.* et mansit in Castello Domini Ep'i 
in Dunelmo usq' in ultimum diem ejusdem mensis, hoc 
est pridie Kail : octobris in ffesto S'ti Jeronimi presbyteri, 
et in Hie Dominica, in die S'ti Miehaelis Arcangeli in 
propria persona erat. in primis vesperis, in processione, in 
Missa, in Secundis Vesperis. 

Litera D'ni Regis Henrici sexti Mag'ro Joh'i p- "3- 
Somerset missa Anno D'ni 1448. 
De premissis. 

Right trusty and well beloved. Wee greet you hartly well 
letting you witt, that Blessed be oil Lord God we have 
been right merry in oil pilgramage. considering iij Causes, 
one is how that the Church of y c province of Yorke & 
diocesse of Durham be as nobill in doing of Divine Service 
in multitude of Minists and in sumptuous & glorious 
buildinge, as anie in our Realme. And alsoe how our 
Lord has radicate in the people his faith and his Law. and 
y l they be as Catholicke people as ever wee came amonge 
and all good and holy, that wee dare say, y e i Comandem 1 
may bee verified right well in them. Diligunt Dominii 
Deum ipsorum ex totis animis suis. et tota mente 
sua. Alsoe they have done unto us all great hertly 
Reverence and Worshipp. as ever we had, with all great 
humanity and meekness, with all Celestiall. blessed and 
hono ble speech and blessinge as it can be thought and 
imagined, and all good and better than wee had ever 
in ou Life, eaven as they had beene celitus inspirati. 
Wherefore we dare well (104) say, it may be verified in 
them y e holy sayinge of y prince of y c Apostles. S: Peter 
when he sayeth. Deum timete. Regem honorificate. 
Qui timent Dominum et Regem honorificant cum 
debita Reuerentia. Wherefore y e Blessing y< God 
gave to Abraham Isack and Jacob descend upon them all. 
&c. Wryten in our Citty of Lincolne, in crastino St" 
(sic) Lucas Luangelista: 1448. 

ffinis. 



124 RITES OF DURHAM. 

(105) III. Inscriptions beneath the Figures* of 
such Monks of the Benedictine Order as were 
painted upon the screen work of the altar 
of Saint Jerome and Saint Benedict, in Dur- 
ham Cathedral. 1 

ms. Keel. Quia de ortu sacrosanctas religionis Monachorum 
Duneim pleriscjue vertitur in dubium, asserentibus quibusdam, 

B. in. 30. minus sane sapientibus, prefatam religionem per Sanctum 
Benedictum habuisse exordium, et sic quasdam picturas et 
scripturas ymaginum ad altare Sanctorum Jeromini et 
Benedicti in ecclesia Dunelmensi non esse veras ; asserunt 
etiam sic opinantes ordinem Canonichorum Regularium, 
quern allegant a beato Augustino habuisse exordium, 
ordinem praecessisse Monachorum, sicut dictus Sanctus 
Augustinus erat ante Sanctum Benedictum per spacium 
annorum {blank in MS.) nee ante ejus tempora extitisse, 
ut hiis erroribus contraveniatur et Veritas clarius elucescat, 
ex sententiis diversorum Sanctorum et Doctorum, prout 
inferius continetur, liquebit, quid de ejusdem inchoacione 

et felici successu est indubie sentiendum 

fo. 5. Nunc superest, veritate duce, ostendere picturam 
ymaginum prefatarum veram esse, et plurimorum 
auctorum fideli testimonio confirmatam 

fo. 2081;. scripture sub imaginibus monachorum ad altare 
Sanctorum Jeronimi et Benedicti in Ecclesia 
Dunelmensi. 

fo. 4, marg. Nomina sanctorum subscribuntur monachorum, 

Sub normis quorum plures vixere virorum. 
Sancti monstrantur, ac scriptis intitulantur, 
Celo letantur, hiis plures sanctificantur. 

fo. 6. Nomina Paparum. 

In Supremo Gradu Superioris Tabul/E. 
Sanctus Gregorius. Primus ex parte boriali. 



1 Extracted from Prior Wessington's Treatise " De Origine Monachatus 
cum aliis de Statu Monachali." MS. Eccles. Cath. Duneim., B. III. 30. 
We do not know exactly when this compilation was made. Wessington 
was Prior 1416— 1446. He was engaged on books of muniments, etc., in 
1407 — 9. Rolls, 138, 223, 436. 



INSCRIPTIONS BENEATH FIGURES. 125 

(106) Sanctus Dionisius, ex monacho in Papam conse- MS - Ecc, « 

r> • j >■ Calh - 

cratUS. I rim us ex parte australt, Dunelm. 

B. III. 30. 
Sanctus Deodatus, ex monacho Papafactus. Secundus 

ex parte boriali. 

Sanctus Gregorius VII. prius dictus Hildebrandus, 

Prior Cluniacensis. Secundus ex parte australt. 

Eugenics tercius, Abbas Sancti Anastasii, postea in 
Papam creatus. Tertius ex parte boriali. 

Adriancs quartus, natione Anglus, monachus Monas- 
terii Sancti Ruphi. Tertius ex parte austra/i. 

CELESTINUS qcintcs, monachus et heremita. Quartus fo. Gv. 
ex parte boriali. 

Urbanus quintus, Abbas Sancti Victoris Marsilia?. 
Quartus ex parte australt. 

Nomina Imperatorum. 

Lotarius Imperator Romanorum, monachus. Quin- 
tus ex parte boriali. 

Michael Imperator Constantinopolitanus, mona- 
chus. Quintus ex parte australt. 

In medio gradu superioris tabulae. 
Nomina Regum. 

Josaphat Rex Indorum, per Barlaam conversus* et 
monachus factus. Primus ex parte boriali. 

KAROLOM ANNUS Rex FRANCORUM, in monachum fo. 7. 
attonsus. Primus ex parte australt. 

Coenredus Rex Merciorcm, monachus. Secundus 
ex parte boriali. 

Ethelredus Rex Merciorcm, in monasterio de Bard- 
nay monachus factus. Secundus ex parte australt. 

OPFA Rex Orientalicm Saxon cm, monachus. Tertius 
ex parte boriali. 

(107) Sebba Rex Orientalicm Saxonum, monachus. 
Tertius ex parte a us t rati. 



126 RITES OF DURHAM. 

MS. Ecci. Sigbertus, Rex Orientalium Saxonum, monachus. 
Dunelm. Quart us ex parte boriali. 

B. III. 30. 

to. jv. Leowlphus Rex Northanhimbrorum, monachus, ad 
quern Beda Historiam Anglorum scripsit. Plures res et 
villas Monasterio Lindisfarnensi contulit. Tandem, relicto 
regno, monachus ibidem effectus, post gloriosae vitas 
cursum in eodem est sepultus. Cujus caput, decursis 
multorum annorum curriculis, ad Dunelmum translatum, 
cum aliis Sanctorum reliquiis in ecclesia Sancti Cuthberti, 
quern semper amaverat, est locatum. Ex Li .* de Funda- 
cione Ecclesias Dunelmensis, sub anno gratiag 738. 
Quart us ex parte aus trait. 

Eraclius Rex Bulgarorum, monachus. Quintus ex 
parte boriali. 

Rachis Rex Longobardorum, monachus. Quintus 
ex parte australi. 

In inferiori gradu superioris tabula. 
Nomina Patriarcharum. 

Sanctus Athanasius, Egiptiorum sacratissima lux, 
Alexandrinus patriarcha, et monachus. 

fo. 8. Sanctus Johannes Crisostomus, patriarcha Con- 
stantinopolitanus, et monachus. Primus ex parte boriali. 

Theophanius, monachus, Patriarcha Antiochenus. 
Pri?Jius ex parte australi. 

Nomina Archiepiscoporum. 

Sanctus Martinus, primo miles, monachus. Secundus 
ex parte boriali. 

Sanctus Basilius, Archiepiscopus Capadocise, mona- 
chus. Tertius ex parte boriali. 

Sanctus Bonifacius monachus, natione Anglicus, in 
Archiepiscopum Maguntinensem ordinatus. Secundus ex 
parte australi. 

to. Sv. Sanctus Augustinus monachus et Archiepiscopus 
Cantuariensis. Tertius ex parte boriali. 



INSCRIPTIONS BENEATH FIGURES. 1 27 

(10S) Rabanus monachus et Abbas Puldensis, postea MS. Eccl. 
Magunciae Archiepiscopus. Tertius ex parte australi. Duneim. 

B. III. 30. 
Sanctus Duxstanus monachus. Quartus ex parte 

australi. 

SANCTUS THEODORUS monachus, Archiepiscopus Can- 
luaiiensis, Sanctum Cuthbcrtum apud Eboracum in 
presencia Regis Egfridi et septem episcoporum in 
episcopum Lindisfarnensem consecravit. Quint us ex 
parte boriali. 

Sanctus LANFRANCUS, monachus, Archiepiscopus 
Cantuariensis. Quintus ex parte australi. 

SANCTUS ANSELMUS, doctor et Abbas Beccensis, Archi- 
episcopus Cantuariensis. Sextus ex parte boriali. 

Sanctus Leander, Archiepiscopus Hispalensis et f °- 9- 
monachus. Sextus ex parte australi. 

Sanctus Honoratus monachus, Archiepiscopus Arela- 
tensis. Septimus ex parte australi. 

Sanctus Hillarius monachus, Archiepiscopus Arela- 
tensis. Octavus ex parte australi. 

Sanctus Odo, Archiepiscopus Cantuariensis, monachus. 
Septimus ex parte boriali. 

Sanctus Elphegus, monachus, Archiepiscopus Cantua- fo. qv. 
riensis. Octavus ex parte boriali. 

Sanctus Paulinus, monachus, Eboracensis Archiepis- 
copus. Primus ex parte australi. 

Sanctus LAURENCIUS, monachus, Archiepiscopus 
Cantuariensis. Primus ex parte boriali. 

Sanctus Justus, monachus, Archiepiscopus Eboracen- 
sis. Tertius ex parte boriali. 

Sanctis MELLITUS, monachus, Archiepiscopus Cantua- 
riensis. Secundus ex parte boriali. 

Sanctus Wilfridus, monachus Lindisfarnensis, postea fo. 10. 
Abbas Rypensis, deinde Archiepiscopus Eboracensis. 
Sedem (109) episcopalem Haugustaldensem et monasterium 



128 RITES OF DURHAM. 

MS. Eccl. Selesey fundavit. Vectam insulam et gentem Australium 

Duneim. Saxonum ad fidem convertit. Cum Scotis in sinodo apud 

B. III. ,io. Qwytbv, coram Oswyn Rege, de observatione termini 

Paschalis disputavit et vicit, et apud Rypun sepultus 

quiescit. Beda de Gestis Anglorum. L. 5. C. 19. sub 

anno Gratia?, 629. Secundus ex parte australi. 

Sanctus Oswaldus, monachus, Archiepiscopus Ebora- 
censis. Tertius ex parte australi. 

Sanctus Honorius, monachus, collega Sancti Augus- 
tini, Cantuariensis Archiepiscopus. Quartus ex parte 
boriali. 

fo. I07-. Sanctus Hildefonsus, Abbas Agaliensis, postea 
Archiepiscopus Tholetanus. Quintus ex parte australi. 

Sanctus Ausbertus, monachus, Rothomagensis 
Archiepiscopus. Decimus ex parte boriali. 

Sanctus Austregesilus, Archiepiscopus Bituricensis. 
Undecimus ex parte boriali. 

Sanctus Sulpicius, monachus, Bituricensis Archi- 
episcopus. Duodecimus ex parte boriali. 

Thurstinus, sine subjectione canonica Cantuariensi 
Archiepiscopo facta, in Archiepiscopum Eboracensem 
ordinatus, Monasterii quod Fontes dicitur, aliorumque 
octo fundator fuit eximius. Cujus exhortacionibus et 
monicionibus David Rex Scotiae per barones Eboracencis 
provincial, apud Moram de Alverton, commisso gravi 
praelio, cum suo exercitu est devictus, et tandem apud 
oppidum quod Pons Fractus dicitur, monachico habitu est 
indutus," ubi et quiescit sepultus. Ex Policronica,* L. 7. 
C. 15 & 18. sub anno Gratia?, 1141. Quartus ex parte 
australi. 

Sanctus Cuthbertus, monachus, undecimus Cantuaria? 
Archiepiscopus. Quintus ex parte boriali. 

to. 11. Sanctus Bregwinus, monachus, Archiepiscopus Can- 
tuariensis. Sextus ex parte boriali. 

Bartholomeus, Lugdunensis Archiepiscopus, mona- 
chus. JVonus ex parte boriali. 



INSCRIPTIONS BENEATH FIGURES. 1 29 

(no) SANCTUS David, vulgo Davy, Archiepiscopus MS ,- Eccl - 
Urbis Legionum, 147 antatis sua? anno celestia regna Dunel'm. 
petivit. Nonus ex parte australi. b. in. 30. 

Sanctis MAGLORIUS, Archiepiscopus Dolensis, mona- 
chus. Uhdectmus ex parte australi. 

SANCTUS Malachias, monachus, Archiepiscopus Arma- fo. uv. 
chanus. Duodecimus ex parte australi. 

SANCTUS Sampson, monachus, Archiepiscopus Dolensis. 
Decimus ex parte australi. 

Sanctus Eucherius, monachus, et Archiepiscopus Lug- 
dun e n s i s . Sex t us ex pa rte a ustra ti. l 

Nomina Episcoporum. 

Sanctus Herculianus, in episcopum Perusinum 
electus. 

Sanctus Eutropius, ecclesias Valentinae episcopus. fo. 12. 

Sanctus Helenus, monachus, episcopus Heliopoleos. 

Sanctus Cedd, monachus Lindisfarnensis Monasterii, 
unus ex discipulis Sancti Aydani, et germanus Sancti 
Ceddas, Lichefeldensis episcopi, a Finano episcopo Lindis- 
farnensi in episcopum ordinatus, gentem Orientalium 
Saxonum et Swythelmum regem Orientalium Anglorum 
cum suo populo ad fidem convertit. Monasterium de 
Lestingaeu ex donacione et concessione Ethelwaldi regis 
Northumbrian filii Sancti Oswaldi fundavit, et religiosis 
moribus, juxta ritus ubi educatus fuerat, instruit. Regem 
Orientalium Saxonum Sigibertum, pro eo quod contra 
prohibicionem suam in domo cujusdam comitis per eundem 
episcopum excommunicati epulaturus intravit, in eadem 
domo per dictum comitem occidendum fore predixit. Beda 
de Gestis Anglorum, li° 3. ca is 22 & 28. Floruit anno 
Gratias 706. 

Sanctus Germanus, monachus, Autisiodorensis epis- fo. izv. 
copus. 

1 This is the last entry of the situation of a picture. 



I -JO RITES OF DURHAM. 



.ms. Eccl. Sanctus Johannes, Gerundensis Episcopus et mona- 

Cath " chus 
Dunelm. cnus< 

' 3 °" Sanctus Martinus, monachus, Dumiensis sanctissimus 

pontifex. 

fo. 13- (in) Sanctus Theodulphus, Abbas Floriacensis, deinde 
Episcopus Aurelianensis. 

Sanctus Ethelwoldus, primo monachus Glastoniae, 
postea Abbas Abendonias, deinde episcopus Wintoniensis, 
a beato Dunstano consecratus, co-operantibus regibus 
Edredo et Edgaro. Sex monasteria monachorum fundavit 
et reparavit, videlicet Abendoniae, Hely, Thorney, Burgh, 
Nota hie. et duo in civitate Wintonias. Hie semel ad Dunelmum 
est profectus, ubi, quod magna? videbatur audacias, 
revulso sepulcri operculo, cum Sancto Cuthberto quasi 
cum amico loquebatur, munusque amoris deposuit* et abiit, 
et Wintonias sepultus quiescit, ubi meritis ejus multa 
miracula usque in hodiernum diem operari dignatus est 
Deus. Ex Historia Aurea,* ca is 55, 56, 57, sub anno 
Gratias 960. 

Sanctus Franciscus, Terraconensis episcopus et mo- 
nachus. 
fo. 137'. Sanctus Lambertus, monachus, Trajectensis ecclesias 
episcopus. 

Sanctus Faustus, Abbas Lirinensis, episcopus in 
Gallia. 

Sanctus Ercomwaldus, Londoniensis episcopus. 

fo. 14. Sanctus Audomarus, monachus, Episcopus Tavernen- 
sis. 

Sanctus Fronto, monachus, Petragoricensis episcopus. 

Sanctus Wlstanus, monachus, episcopus Wigornien- 
sis. 

fo. 14?'. Sanctus Petronius, Bononiensis Ytaliae episcopus. 

Sanctus Aldelmus, monachus, episcopus Shyre- 
burnensis. 

Sanctus Serapion, monachus, decern millium mon- 
achorum pater, Tymensis episcopus.* 



INSCRIPTIONS BENEATH FIGURES. 1 3 1 

Sanctus FuLGENTIUS, monachus, Ruspcnsis ecclesiae MS. Eccl. 

1 C .till. 

epiSCOpuS. Dunelm. 

B. III. 30. 

Sanctus HERACLIDES, monachus, etepiscopus Bithiniae. fo. 15. 

Sanctis Eata, uiuis dc xij pueris Sancti Aydani, quos 
ah initio dc natione Anglorum suscepit et educavit, postca 
monachus ct abbas Mailrosensis et Lindisfarnensis fact us, 
Sanctum (112) Cuthhcrtum in monachum creavit, ac 
prepositum sive priorem, primo Mailrosensem, post 
Lindisfarnensem fecit. Monasterium monachorum in 
Ripon, dato loco ah Alfrido rege, fundavit, uhi Sanctus 
Cuthbertus Angelum Dei hospicio suscepit. Deinde per 
Theodorum Magnum Cantuariensem archiepiscopum 
ordinatus episcopus regimen Haugustaldensis et Lindis- 
farnensis ecclesiarum, duarum videlicet sedium, aliquamdiu 
accepit, et tandem apud Hexham obiit : quern intra 
ecclesiam, in scrinio honore condigno, Alfred Alius 
Westou, presbiter Dunelmensis, collocavit. Beda de 
gestis Anglorum. Et ex vita ejusdem,* sub anno Gratiae 
678. 

Sanctus Cuthbertus, patronus ecclesiam, civitatis, et 
libertatis Dunelmensis, nacione Hibernicus, regiis paren- 
tibus ortus, nutu Dei Angliam perductus et apud Mailros 
monachus est effectus, deinde in ecclesiam Lindisfarnensem fo. 152-. 
per Abbatem suum Eatam translatus, postea vitam 
anachoreticam in insula Fame ducebat solus. Demum 
per Egfridum regem et Theodorum archiepiscopum 
Cantuariensem, in plena sinodo, in episcopum Lindisfar- 
nensem eligitur, et a septem episcopis Eboraci consecratur. 
Cujus corpus per Aldunum episcopum Dunelmiam 
translatum, ibidem post 418 deposicionis suae annos 
incorruptum et flexibile, dormienti quam mortuo similius 
est inventum. Beda de Gestis Anglorum libro 4 to , ca is 25, 
26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31 (27-32). Et ex Libro* de Exordio et 
Progressu ecclesiam Lindisfarnensis simul et Dunelmensis. 
Floruit anno Gratia? 680. 

Sanctus Gkrmanus, monachus, episcopus Parisiensis. 

Sanctus EGWINUS, monachus, YVigornia} episcopus. 



I32 RITES OF DURHAM. 

i\is. Eccl. Sanctus Maurelius, monachus, Andegavensis epis- 

Cath. 
Dunelm. COpus. 
B. III. 30- ~ ,0 

to. 16. Sanctus Moises, monachus, Saracenorum episcopus. 

Sanctus Lupus, monachus, Trecasinas urbis episcopus. 

Sanctus Amandus, monachus, Trajectensis episcopus. 

fo. i6?-. Sanctus Jacobus, cognomine Sapiens, Nizibenas, quae 
et Antiochia, Persarum civitatis, episcopus. 

Sanctus Brithwoldus, monachus, Wintoniensis epis- 
copus. 

Sanctus Eadbertus monachus, et septimus episcopus 
(113) Lindisfarnensis, vir sciencia scripturarum divinarum 
simul et preceptorum caelestium observantia, ac maxime 
elemosinarum operacione insignis, saepius per intervalla 
temporum in aliqua insularum Domino solitarius militavit, 
fo. 17. in quibus predecessor ejus Cuthbertus aliquamdiu morari 
consuevit, corpusque Sancti Cuthberti post undecim 
sepulturae suae annos cum pannis et vestimentis, quibus 
fuerat involutum intemeratis incorruptum et flexibile 
inventum de terra levavit novaque in theca recondidit ; 
corpusque ejusdem, juxta quod vivens petierat, in sepulcro 
Sancti Cuthberti positum fuit, sed modo ejus ossa in thecis 
extra Feretrum Sancti Cuthberti ut sanctae reliquiae sunt 
servata. Beda de Gestis Anglorum. li° 4, ca° 29 (27). 

Sanctus Kentegernus, qui et Mungo, monachus, 
Episcopus Glascuensis. 

Sanctus Epiphanius, monachus, Cypri Salaminas epis- 
copus. 

fo. ijv. Sanctus Aidanus, natione Scotus, monasterii de Hii, 
vir eximiae sanctitatis, a sancto Oswaldo rege vocatus, 
primus Lindisfarnensis fuit episcopus, sedemque epis- 
copalem simul et monachorum congregacionem, jubente 
rege prefato, anno gratiae 635, ibidem instituit, ac gentem 
Berniciorum, suffragante et co-operante eodem rege, ad 
fidem convertit. Cujus doctrinam id maxime commendabat 
quod non aliter quam vivebat cum suis ipse docebat. 
Nihil enim ex omnibus, quae ex propheticis evangeliis et 



INSCRIPTIONS BENEATH PIGURES. 133 



apostolicis Uteris facienda cognovit, praetermisit. Ex hac Als - ' ii1 - 
eciam ecclesia omnes ecclesiae et monasteria provinciae Duneim. 
Berniciorum sumpserunt originem. Demum, peractis in B. ill. 30. 
episcopatu 17 annis, obiit ; cujus animam Sanctus Cuth- 
bertus, conversacionis angelica? juvenis egregius, ab 
angelis in ccelum deferri conspcxit. Beda de Gcstis 
Anglorum, sub anno Gratiae supradicto. 

Sanctis Gregorius Nazanzenus {sic), episcopus, 
monachus. 

Sanctus Albinus, monachus, episcopus Andegavensis. 

Sanctus Cedda, monachus, episcopus Lichefeldensis. Jo. 18. 

Sanctis Vigor, monachus, Baiocensis episcopus. 

Sanctis Finanus, natione Scotus, et monachus de 
insula Hii, secundus episcopus Lindisfarnensis, ibidem 
ecclesiam sedi episcopali congruam edilicavit, quam postea 
Theodorus magnus, (114) Archiepiscopus Cantuariensis, 
in honore beati Petri dedicavit. Mediterraneorum 
Anglorum regem Peadam in provincia Northanhimbrorum 
baptisavit, et quatuor monachos suos, videlicet Cedd, 
Adda, Betti et Dymna, qui erudicione et vita videbantur 
ydonei, ut ejus genti predicarent, de ecclesia sua cum eo 
direxit ; postea Sigbertum regem Orientalium Saxonum 
lavacro baptismi perfudit, et predictum Cedd monachum fo. iSz*. 
suum eidem regno in episcopum ordinavit, ubi et duo 
monasteria construxit. Beda de Gestis Anglorum, li° 3 , 
ca is 17, 21, 22, sub anno Gratiae 652. 

Sanctis Leodegarius, monachus, Episcopus Eduensis. 

Nomina Abbatum. 

Sanctus Leonardus, monachus et abbas. 

Sanctis KARILEPHUS in Arvernensi territorio elarissi- 
mis parentibus ortus, postea in monasterio Casagaia juxta 

urbem Cenomanieam, quod ipse fundavit, monachus et 
Abbas effectus, regem Francie Hildebertum ej usque 
familiam de quodam vase parvulo semel vino impleto sed 
meritis ejusdem Sancti semper exuberante habundantissime 



134 RITES OF DURHAM. 

MS. Eccl. refccit. Reginam Francie eum visitare affectans non 

Dunelm. permisit, sed insuper ingressum mulierum ab ecclesia sua 

B. III. 30. imperpetuum interdixit. 1 Unde mulier quedam veste virili 

induta ejus ecclesiam ausu temerario ingressa, continuo est 

cecata. Ex historia aurea sub anno gracie 512, ca° 62. 

fo. 19. Sanctus Wandragesilus, monachus et abbas. 

Sanctus Johannes, monachus et abbas. 

Sanctus Arsenius, monachus et abbas. 

Sanctus Joseph, monachus et abbas. 
fo. 19W. Sanctus Pafnucius, monachus et abbas. 

Sanctus Pambo, monachus et abbas. 

Sanctus Ysidorus, monachus et abbas. 

Sanctus Ammonius, monachus et abbas. 
fo. 20. Sanctus Macharius, monachus et abbas. 

Sanctus Egidius, monachus et abbas. 

Sanctus Pachomius, monachus et abbas, 
fo. 201;. Sanctus Johannes Cassianus, monachus et abbas. 

Sanctus Euagrius, monachus et abbas. 
(115) Sanctus Antonius, monachus et abbas, 
fo. 21. Sanctus Maurus, monachus et abbas. 

Sanctus Johannes, archicantor ecclesiam Sancti Petri 
Romae, Abbas. 
Sanctus Alquinus, qui et Albinus, abbas, 
fo. 2iw. Sanctus Theonas, monachus et abbas. 

Sanctus Benedictus Biscopp, abbas, et nutricius 
Bedae presbiteri, ministerque Regis Oswini, patriam 
relinquens in insula Lyrinensi in monachum attonsus est. 
Inde, Romam veniens, Theodorum Cantuariensem archi- 
episcopum et Adrianum ejusdem collegam Britannias 
adduxit, ac monasterium Sancti Petri Cantuarias regendum 
suscepit. Postea duo monasteria, quorum unum, 70 
familiarum, in honore Sancti Petri, ad ostium Wiri 
fluminis, quod nunc Wermouth-monachorum dicitur, et 



INSCRIPTIONS BENEATH PIGURES. l.^.S 

aliud, 40 familiarum, in ripa Tyny fluminis, quod modo Ms - Ecci. 
[arowe nuncupatur, construxit, qutbus utrisque abbatis Duneim. 
jure praefuit. Usque quinquies Romam visitavit, libros et "• ni -3o- 
reliquias sanctorum ad monasteria sua revexit, et artem 

vitriariam primus ad partes suas attulit. Beda, ex vita 
ejusdem* sub anno Gratiae 676. 

Sanctus Dionisius, monachus et abbas. 

Sanctus Johannes, monachus et abbas. fo. 22. 

Sanctis ADRIANUS, abbas. 

Sanctus Columbanus, monachus et abbas. 

Sanctus Stephanus, abbas. fo. :-•.-. 

Sanctus Brendanus, abbas. 

Sanctus Columba, monachus et abbas. 

Sanctus Eugippus, monachus et abbas. 

Sanctus Adampnanus, monachus et abbas. fo - 2 3- 

Sanctis Danvell, monachus et abbas. 

Sanctus Theodorus, monachus et abbas. 

(116) Nomina Doctorum. 

Sanctis Didimus Alexandrinus, monachus et doctor. 

Marianus Scotus, doctor. fo. 23^. 

Oresiesis, monachus et doctor. 

Johannes Scotus, monachus et doctor. 

GRACIANUS DE TUSCIA, monachus et doctor. fo. 24. 

URSINUS, monachus et doctor. 

Sanctis SEVERUS, qui et Sulpicius, monachus et doctor. 

VlNCENTIUS LlRINENSIS, monachus et doctor. fo. 24*. 

SOPHRONIUS, monachus et doctor. 

C \ssionoKis, doctor. 

PAULUS DIACONUS CASSINENSIS, monachus et doctor. 

EFFREM, monachus et doctor. to. 25. 



136 RITES OF DURHAM. 

MS. Eccl. Venerabilis Beda, doctor, presbiter, et monachus, 

Cath. . . ,. __ ,. _,, 

Dtineim. septimo astatis suae anno traditus est Benedicto Biscopp, 
B. III. 30. abbati monasterii Giruensis, quod nunc Jarowe dicitur, 
educandus, qui, 19 aetatis sua? anno, in diaconum, et 30 in 
presbiterum, a Sancto Johanne Archiepiscopo Eboracensi 
est ordinatus, sicque cunctum vitas tempus in eodem 
monasterio peragens vitam Sancti Cuthberti conscripsit et 
omnem meditandis et exponendis scripturas (sic) operam 
dedit. Libros edidit quos in fine Historiae sua? Anglicana? 
enumerat, post quorum editionem ibidem obiit ibique 
sepultus fuit. Sed postea apud Dunelmum, primo cum 
corpore Sancti Cuthberti, deinde in Galilea Dunelmensi in 
feretro per Hugonem episcopum constructo, ejus ossa sunt 
translata. Ex libro de Exordio et Progressu Ecclesias 
Dunelmensis. Et ex libro ejusdem de Gestis Anglorum, 
lib. 5 to , ca° 25. Sub anno Gratia? 729. 

Helinandus, monachus et doctor. 

fo. 25^. Sanctus Boisilus, monachus et prepositus ecclesia? 
Mailrosensis, magnarum virtutum et prophetici spiritus 
sacerdos (117) fuit. Sancto Cuthberto, jubente Abbate 
Eata, habitum monachalem tradidit ; cujus monitis et 
exemplis instructus quod episcopus foret futurus cognovit. 
Mortem propriam et alia plurima predixit. Beda de Gestis 
Anglorum, li° 4 to , ca° 25 (27). Floruit anno Gratiae 651. 

Sanctus Paulus, primus heremita et monachus. 

Sanctus Neotus, regis West Saxonum Eldulphi Alius, 
monachus. 

Sanctus Guthlacus, monachus. 



INSCRIPTIONS BENEATH FIGURES. I37 

(118) IV. Scnpturaj sub Imaginibus Regum MS. Cosin, 

Ad ostium Chori Ecclesise Dunelmensis ex 1660. 

p. 1 j. 
parte Austral i. 

Octo Rcges Totius Angliae qui antiquas possessiones et 
libertates Ecclesiae S tj Cuthberti confirmauerunt et plures 
de nouo addiderunt. 

Rex West Saxonum Alured s per Danes oppressus et [Aluredus 

per Sanctum Cuthbertum in forma pauperis visitatus et ' 

confortatus de Dan is triumphans Monarcha est effectus. 
et suo adjutori S t0 Cuthberto terram inter Tesam et Tinam 
cum regalitate contulit possidendam. 

Rex Edwardus senior filius Aluredi Patri succedens [Edwardus 
memor beneficii suo Patri per S l Cuthbertum impensi, senior Rex i- 
eundem Sanctum et suam Ecclesiam multum honorauit 
et privilegiavit. Plurimaq^ dona Regalia eid'm conferebat. 

Rex Ethelstanus filius Edwardi primi a patre monitus Ethelstane 
S tm Cuthbertum et ipsius Eccl'iam in pluribus ditavit, et Rex ' 
possessiones per Danos ablatas pro magna parte restituit 
ac Eccl'iam Beuerlacensem in multis honorauit et priui- 
legiauit. 

Rex Edmundus frater Ethelstani legem Cuthberti" ut Edmundus 
in vulgari Saxon ico dicitur: Mid. ffullon: Indon et Wreck 

et Witviter. et Inner, et Sacca et Socne, cum plenis legibus 
et quietudinibus omni terra* S' Cuthberti dedit et super 
Sepulchrum ejus obtulit. 

Rex Angliae et Danamarchia? Kanutus ad corpus S tj Kanutus 
Cuthberti Dunelmum nudis pedibus a Garmundisway 

venit, Et eisq> servitoribus Monachis Staindropam cum 
appendicijs donauit Scottos. Wandales. North wagenses 1 
subjugavit, in locis quibus pugnauit Ecclesias fundauit. 

Rex Will'mus Conquestor omnes terras et libertates. Will'mus 
quas antiqui Reges Anglorum S t,J Cuthberto dederunt Coiu i lUs,or - 
ratiticauit I Ionedenshire Episcopo. et Hemmingburgh 
Monachis Dunclm. de nouo donauit : ac Billingham. quod 
mali homines abstulerunt Monachis restituit. 

1 MS. is altered to " Northwagfensis." 



138 RITES OF DURHAM. 

MS. Cosin, (no) Rex Will'mus Secundus dedit S to Cuthberto et 

B 1 1 1 

1660".' Will'mo Ep'o et successorib? suis Aluerton Shire et 
Rex Win Moriachis Dunelm. Ecclesias de Aluerton: Siggeston et 

Secundus. , _, . _ . , T . . 

de Runton, 1 et plures terras in Comitatu Nottingham, ac 
etiam antiquas libertates Eccl'ise Dunelm. confirmauit. 
Hen. Rex I. Rex Henricus Primus hanc legem S to Cuthberto con- 
stituit. quatenus omnis terra, quas ei data siue de illius 
f. 17- pecunia empta fuerit, libera et quieta. cum o'ibus terris 
ejus, ab omnibus Consuetudinibus quan ad Regis Coronam 
pertinent, ita ut nullus jus in ea ulterius expetat. cujus- 
cunq^ debiti uel seruitutis ante fuisse constiterit : 

Scripturae sub I magi nib? Regum 2 ad ostium Chori 
Eccl'iae Dunelm. ex parte Boreali, 

Sex Reges Northumbrian a Trenta et Mersee usq^ 
ffoorth. ubi est mare Scotticum. et Duo Reges Scotia? 
promotores hujus EccHan Sedis Ep'alis et Ccetus Mona- 
chalis. 
Oswaldus Oswaldus Sanctus fundator Eccl'ian et Sedis Ep'alis ac 
coetus monachalis qui quondam erant3 in Lindisfernia nunc 
sunt in Dunelmo Cujus caput cum corpore S li Cuthberti 
requiescit. 

Oswin Rex Oswin frater S li Oswaldi Pendam Regem 

Rex. Merciorum Paganum S tj Oswaldi occisorem in bello 

superauit et occidit, et pro hac victoria sibi a Deo 

concessa. plura Monasteria fundauit, et dotauit, quorum 

sex erant in Deira et sex in Bernicia : 

EgtVidus Egfridus Rex Northumbrian S l Cuthbertum consecrari 

umbriffi. fecit in Ep'um Lindisfernensem et sibi dedit Ciuitatem 

Lucubaliam, qua? nunc dicitur Carleil, ac Manerium 

Regium de Creak cum pertinentijs. Dedit etiam posses- 

siones ad fundandum monasterium de Warmoth et Jarro. 

Rex Alfrid 9 Rex Northumbrian Alfridus dedit Monachis Lin- 

bri» m " disfernen. locum in Rippon, ubi fundatum erat 

p. 18. Monasterium Monachorum : in quo S: Cuthbertus ad 

Receptionem hospitum deputatus Angelum Domini in 

1 Apparently Rounlon, in Allertonshire. 

1 MS. lias " RegnQ." ' MS. has " erat.' 



INSCRIPTIONS BENEATH FIGURES. 1 ,VJ 

specie horn in is recepit. dedit et S t0 Wilfrido terrain juxta MS, Cosip, 

. . . . , . . B. II. a 

Stanford iam ubi est pnoratus S" Leonardi : 1660. ' 

(120) Sanctus Ceolwlfius Rex Northumbrian in Scientijs S : Ceolwifiua 
Diuinis et humanis nobiliter instructus: in tantum quod 



llllllX'l.'L'. 



Heila librum de gestis Anglorum illi misit ad examinan- 
dum. Anno nono Regni sui relicta Corona factus est 
Monachus Lindisfernensis cujus ossa ut sanctae Riliquiae 
in Eccl'iam banc sunt translata : 

Guthredus Rex per S: Cuthbertum in Regem pro- Guthredus 

, ^ ,. . rp. Rex. 

motus totam terrain cum jure Kegali inter line et 

W'eere eidem S l ° Donauit Aduersus quern Scotti apud 
Mungdnigdene 1 pugnaturi subito terras hiatu sunt absorpti 
precibus S li Cutbberti et Regis Guthredi : 

Edgarus Rex Scotiae dedit Deo et S : Cuthberto ae [Edgarus 
monachis in Eccl'ia Dunelm. seruientibus Regiam Man- 
sionem de Coldingham ubi dedicari fecit Eccl'iam in 
honore B. Marian. Dedit et his plures villas in Lodoneyo 
secundum voluntatem eorum disponendas: 

Dauid Rex Scotia? confirmavit Donationem regis Edgari [Dauid Rex 
super Coldingham et aliis. cujus donationi ipse Dauid 'p 01 ,'^ 
addidit plures villas et terras cum magnis libertatibus et 
quietudinibus ac franchesiis. Confirmauit etiam Ecclesias et 
villas eisdem per alios datas 

ScripturcE sub Imaginibus Pontificum Ad Ostium 
Chori Ecclesise Dunelm. ex parte Australi. 
gtus Cuthbertus Monachus Kp'us Lindisfernensis. nunc S. Cuth: 
patron us Ecclesias et Ciuitatis ac Libertatis Dunelm. cujus 
corpus post 41S annos Sepulturae suae incorruptum et 
flexibile dormienti quam mortuo similius est inuentum et 
sic vitam intemeratam 2 coiiiendat corporis Incorruptio: 

S tUh Eadbartus Monachus septimus Ep'us Lindisfernen- s « Eadbertus. 

sis. vir sapientia Diuinarum Scripturaru et obseruantia 

praeceptorum ccelestium. ac maxime operac'oe eleemosy- 

narum insignis Corpus S l Cuthberti post vndecim 

Sepulturae suae annos incorruptum et flexibile inuentum 

' Mundynge deene (Metr. Life, 491 7), said to Ik- one mile south of 
Norbam. (Lei. Coll. i, 3-'9). 
• MS. lias "in temeritatem." 



I40 RITES OF DURHAM. 

MS. Cosin, absqj? lassione pannorum quibus erat involutum de terra 
1660."' jussit leuari, et Theca reconditum super pauimentum 
Dignum uenerac'onis locari, in quo Sepulchro idem Ead- 
bartus sepultus erat, sed in ultima translac'oe Corporis 
S' li Cuthberti ejus (121) Reliquiae cum eodem corpore sunt. 
Et in hac Ecclesia Dunelm. adhuc seruatas : 

S:Eadfridus. S tus Eadfridus De habitu Monachali octavus Ep'us 
Eccl'ias Lindisfernensis Hujus hortatu venerabilis Beda 
presbyter et Monachus Giruensis vitam S t! Cuthberti 
tarn in metro quam in prosa composuit. Cujus ossa in 
Area cum corpore S li Cuthberti sunt inuenta, et in hac 
Ecclesia Dunelm. conceruata : 

S: Ethelwold. S tus Ethelwoldus de habitu Monachali nonus Ep'us 
Eccl'iae Lindisfernensis. Hie primo religiosse 1 vitas Abbas 
et presbiter Monastery Mailrocensis et quondam Beati 
Cuthberti dignus Minister erat ac Ep'us consecratus 
sanctissime vixit et obijt cujus ossa cum Corpore S li 
Cuthberti inuenta, et in hac Ecclesia in Scrinio sunt 
reposita. 

Waicherus. Walcherus Ep'us sextus hujus loci Dunelmi et de habitu 
seculari consecratus. Hie Walcherus reperiens in alba 
Ecclesia, quse erat in Loco ubi nunc est Tumba S l 
Cuthberti in claustro cum paucis Monachis Clericos 
Seculares insolenter uiuentes et ritum Monachorum in 
officio Diuino seruantes proposuit Monachos, quibus 
monasterium de Wermuth et de Jarrow cum suis perti- 
nency's prius commiserat, secundum morem Lindisfernen- 
cis Ecclesia? eos absq^ secularibus ministraturos, in 
hunc locum introducere. sed per Northumbrenses in Eccl'ia 
de Gateshead peremptus propositum suum ad effectum non 
perduxit. 

Will's Ep'us, Will'mus de S to Karilepho septimus Ep'us hujus loci, 
p- "' et de habitu monachali consecratus Hie Will'mus 
intelligens propositum sui predecessoris Walcheri de 
introductione Monachorum in hunc locum, et quod 
quidam de Clericis hujus loci causa erant : Necis Walcheri 
Ep'i fultus authoritate Apostelica (sic) et authoritate Regia 

1 MS. has "a eligeosse." 



INSCRIPTION'S BENEATH FIGURES. 141 

dictos Clericos de hoc loco ad Ecclesias de Awckland et Ms - c° sin > 
Darlington et De Norton transtulit, et Monachos dc ,66o. ' 
Warmoth et Jarrow hie induxit : Ac Houeden Shire a 
Rege Will'mo primo et Alvertonshire a Rege Will'mo 
secundo et plures terras Monachis hujus Eccl'iae adquisiuit. 
Hunc Chorum a fundamentis construxit. 

Ranulphus octauos (sic) Ep'us hujus loci, et de habitu Ranulphus 
seculari consecratus. Hie Nauem hujus (122) Eccl'iae per -pu 
pnedecessorem suum immediatum Will'mum inchoatam 
ad tectum perduxit. Corpus S li Cuthberti de loco in 
alba Eccl'ia, ubi nunc est Tumba in Claustro post annos 
depositionis ejus 418 A° gr'a? 1109 incorruptum et flexibile 
inventum in banc Eccl'iam ubi nunc transtulit. Inter 
hanc Eccl'iam et castrum destructis habitaculis in plani- 
ciem redegit. Hospitale de Kepeir fundauit veterem 
pontem de framwelgate in Dunelmia et Castrum de 
Northam construxit. ac plura ornamenta huic Ecclesia? 
reliquit et erat Ep'us 29 annos. 

Hugo de Puteaco ii»nus hujus loci Ep'us Dunelmi et de Hugo de 
habitu seculari consecratus. Hie Hugo de sanguine Regio a } e ** ' 
natus, et Thesaurius (sic) Eborum electus per Capitulum 
hujus Eccl'ia? consecratus est Ep'us ejusdem per Suiiium 
Pontificem Gallileam cum feretro S li Beda? composuit 
Hospitale de Sherburn fundauit et dotauit. Pontem de 
Eluet et plura a?dificia in castello Dunelm. ac Turrim 
ualidam in Northam, et Eccl'iam de Derlington a funda- 
mentis construxit Sadbergiam qua? de antiquo jure hujus 
erat Eccl'ia?. De manu Regis pro undecim millibus 
librarum redemit ac pretiosa ornamenta huic Eccl'iae 
reliquit. Jura et libertates S li Cuthberti prudenter defendit, 
ac completis in Ep'atu xlj annis in Domino feliciter 
obdormiuit. et obijt apud Houeden. 

Scripturae sub Imaginibus pontificum ad ostium 
Chori Eccl'iae Dunelm. ex parte Boreali. 

S 1 Aidanus natione Scotus Monachus Monasterij de S: Aidanus. 

Hij Ep'us factus per S m Oswaldum vocatus A no Gratia? 
635 lundavit sedem Ep'alem et Monachoru congregation*? 



P- 23- 



I42 RITES OF DURHAM. 

MS. Cosin, in Insula Lindisfernensi. Ac Gentem Berniciorum coope- 

R 1 1 2 ... 

1660." rante S to Os\v° ad fidem Xpi conuertit. Hujus Aidani 
animam S l Cuthbertus ab Angelis in coelum deferri 
conspexit et ejus caput et ossa in hac Eccl'ia Dunelm. 
ut sanctas Reliquiae sunt seruata : 

s. ffinanus. Sanctus ffinanus natione Scotus et Monachus secundus 
erat Ep'us Lindisfernensis : Hie baptizavit Sigebertum 
Regem Orientalium Saxonum, et peadam mediterraneorum 
Anglorum principem, ac: Cedd : presbiterum et Monachum 
Eccl'ise Lindisfernensis ordinauit Ep'um Genti Orienta- 
lium Saxonum et completis in Ep'atu Decern Annis in 
D'no fasliciter obdormiuit : 

s. Eatas. (123) S us Eata Monachus et Abbas Mailrosensis et 
Lindisfernensis fecit S l Cuthbertum Monachum ac 
propositum (sic) siue priorem primo Miailrosense post 
Lindisfernensem, et dato loco ab Alfrido Rege in Rippon 
fundauit Monasterium Monachorum, ubi S l Cuthbertus 
hospitio suscepit Angelum D'mi, et Ep'us factus quintus in 
ordine rexit Eccl'iam Lindisfernensem simul cum Eccl'ia 
de Hexham cujus ossa in Eccl'ia de Hexham sunt 
canonizata : 

Ecgrediis. Ecgredus de habitu Monachali i4 nuis Ep'us Lindisfernen. 
hie vir natu nobilis dedit S t0 Cuthberto Eccl'iam de 
Northam quam agdificauit, villam quoqjj de Gedworth cum 
appendicijs Eccl'iam quoq^ et villam de Geynford et quic- 
quid ad earn pertinet : 

Earduiphus. Eardulphus de habitu Monachali sextus decimus et 
ultimus Ep'us Eccl'iam Lindisfernensis. Hie vir magni 
meriti erat audito adventu Danorum Paganorum Ille [et 1 ] 
Edredus Abbas tollentes seed Corpus S li Cuthberti Eccl'iam 
Lindisfernensem reliquerunt post annos 241 ex quo sedis 
Ep'alis cum Ccetu Monachali ib'm erat instituta Anno 
p. 24. Gra: 875 et de loco ad Locum fugientes per Septennium 
rabiem Danorum tandem reportauerunt dictum Corpus in 
Cestriam in Streta. ubi per centum et tredecim Annos 
dictum corpus et sedes Ep'alis permanserunt : 

1 Not in MS. 



INSCRIPTIONS BENEATH FIGURES. 1 43 

Cutheardus secundus Ep'us Conkcestrcn. et de habitu MS. Cosin, 
Monachal] : Hie Cutherdus de pecunia S li Cuthberti ad ' l66o> ' 
opus ejusdem emit Bedlington cum appendicijs. Et cum Cutheardus. 
miles quidam Regis Reynwaldi Pagan i, Onlafbal nomine et 
ipse Paganas (sic) qui terras S 1 ' Cuthberti usurpauit eteidem 
Sancto improperauit ad Kp'um et congrecaco'em multis 
injury's vexauit, ad ostium Eccl'iae veneratur (sic), et alterum 
inter alterum extra pedem posuerat quasi clavus confixus 
stetit, sicqS est tortus, quod miseram animam in eodem 
loco reddere est compulsus S li Cuthberti mentis et 
Cutheardi precibus. quo exemplo omnes alij contriti 1 nihil 
quod Eccl'iae S" Cuthberti competabat. (sic) u Iter i us inua- 
dere presumebant. 

Aldwinus nonus et ultimus Ep'us Conkcestrensis ac Aldwinus. 
primus Dunelmensis. et de habitu Monachal] Hie 
.Vldunus Ep'us vir eximia? Religionis et prosapias nobilis 
anno gr'ae 995 ccelesti pmonitus oraculo Corpus S li Cuth- 
berti in Dunelmum transportauit. Ouem locum Denssis- 
(i24)sima undiq^ sylua pro tunc ocupauerat, nullus 
habitaculis ibi constructis, ubi infra breue Eccl'iam et 
habitacula cum auxilio Comitis Northamimbrorum 
dum necessitatem paterentur ad tempus pra^stitit, quod p. 25. 
comites qui ei successerunt per violentiam detinuerunt. 

Edmundus secundus Ep'us Dunelmensis de habitu Edmundus. 
Monachali consecratus : Hie de Clericali habitu per vocem 
de feretro S 1 ' Cuthberti prolatam et per Sacerdotem 
Magnam Missam celebrantem ter auditam nominatus est 
Ep'us eligendus. quod et factum est. sed ille Cathedram 
Pnedecessorum suorum, qui Monachi fuerant, nullo modo 
se posse ascendere fatebatur, nisi illos et ipse Monachico 
habitu indutus imitaretur. Ouadpropter (sic) Monachali 
habitu suscepto a Wlstano Archiepiscopo Eboracen. Ep'us 
Dunelm. est consecratus Et in Eccl'iae regimine valde 
strenuum se exhibebat Xullius potentia, Res vel terras 
hujus Eccl'iae passus est violari vel inde auferri, prauis 
multum erat metuendus, ac bonis humilis amandus. 



1 So apparently in MS., for '• conterriti," tlu' word used in Hist. Trttnsl, 
S, Cut/ib., Surtees Symeon, I, 166. 



144 RITES OF DURHAM. 



(125) V. LlBERATURA SPECIALIS.* 15IO. 

Magistro Johanni Underwod, 3 ulnae. 1 

Magistro Scolarium, 3 uln. Item M. Cheston, ulnae. 

Et eidem hoc anno quia pro patre. 

Magistro Thomae Farn de pannario, 4. 

Et domino Priori ex precepto, 4 uln. 

Generosi. 

Willielmo Bulmer, militi, 3 uln. 

Johanni Rakett, 3. 

Henrico Killinghal, marshall, 3 et i3^ praeter &c. 
stipend. 

Hugo Holland, 3 et 1 ultra. Quietus in stipendio. 

Radulpho Hagerston, 3 et 1 ultra. Solvit. 

Roberto Langforth, cantori, 3 et 1 ultra 2s. 3d. In 
stipendio. 

Johanni Salamond, 3, ex precepto, et 1 ultra solvit 2s. 8d. 

Magistro Johanni Clerk, ex precepto Domini, scribae, 3 
et 1 ultra. 

(Esset inter valectos pro officio scribae. Quietus.) 

Leonell Elmeden, kervour, 3 et 1 ultra. In stipendio. 



Clerici valecti.* 



Clerico capellae 3. 
Clerico supprioris 3. 
Clerico bursarii 3. 



Valecti. 



Johanni Bukley, valecto cellarii vini, 3 et 1 ultra. In 
stipendio. 

Petro Barnard, cursori scaccarii, 3 et 1 ultra. In 
stipendio. 

Thomae Taylyour, popinario,* 3 et 1 ultra. In stipendio. 

Johanni Browell, yoman ussher, 3 et 1 ultra. 

Roberto Burges, valecto stabuli, 3 et 1 ultra. In 
stipendio. 

1 The figures denote the number of ells of cloth delivered to each person, 



LIBERATURA SPECIALIS. 1 45 

(126) Edwardo Swalwell, valecto Terrarii, 3 et 1 ultra. 

Ricardo Person, valecto coco domini Prioris, 3. 

Roberto Langforth, janitori, 3. 

Johanni Salamond, provisori cator',* 3. 

Nicholao Brown, barbour, 3. 

Christofero Wrangham, valecto refectorii, 3. 

Johanni Hudspeth, valecto parvae domus Bursarii,* 3 et 1 
ultra. 

Georgio Scot, pistori, 3. 

Willielmo Sanderson, fabro, 3. 

Johanni Wynter, pandoxatori, 3. 

Johanni Champnay, carpentario, 3. 

Henrico Brown, carpentario, 3. 

Thomas Benet, valect sclater, 3. 

Thomas Thomson, saw r er, 3. 

Willielmo Pape, valect' carter, 3. 

Willielmo Midilton, whelewright, 3. 

Ballivo de Billingham, Georgio Davyson, 3. 

Ballivo de Shells, Willielmo Sanderson, 3 et 1 ultra. 
Quietus. 

Ricardo Tyndall, catori apud Newburn raw, 3. 

Roberto Whitehede, catori apud Sunderlande, 3. 

Edwardo Smyth, catori apud Teas, 3. 

Johanni Raket, forestario de Bearparke, 3. 

Relictai Morlande, firmario(?) de Pitington, 3. 

Johanni Cowper, cowper,* in officio, 3. 

Johanni Xicholl, coco lardaria? carnium, 3. 

Rauff Dicson, barngreiff* de Billingham, 3. 

Georgio Davison, barngreiff de Wolveston, 3. 

Valectis Officiariorum. 

Sacristan, pro 5 valectis, 15 uln. et gratis }£. 

Hostillario, 3 valectis, 9 uln. et ^/ gratis. 

Cellerario, pro 1 valecto, 3 uln. 

Elemosiniario, pro 2 valectis, 3^ uln. pro uno, et 3 uln. 
pro alio. 

Camerario, pro uno valecto, 3 uln., et 1 uln. ultra. 

Johanni Florenc, 3 uln., ex precepto, quia non tunc 
serviens, et 1 ultra. In stipendio. 

Et Domino Priori, 6 uln. 
10 



i46 rites ov durham. 

Gromi. * 

Ric' Catlynson, gromo cameras, 3 uln., et j4 ultra. 

Helias Kelsey, gromo popinas, 3 et ]/ 2 ultra. 
(127) Thomas Foster, gromo aulas, 3 et 1 ultra. 

Jacobo Foster, gromo stabuli, 3 et 1 ultra. 

Johanni Cotysfurth, gromo bursarii, 3 et 1 ultra. 

Johanni Wryght, gromo terrarii, 3 et y 2 ultra. 

Thomas Swalwell, 3, granario. 

Ricardo Stobbs, 3, aledrawer. 

Cuthberto Verty, 3, gromo coco. 

Johanni Clerke, cater, 3. 

Thomas Bowman, 3, ortulano. 

Henry Bayle, 3, claustrario. 

Willielmo Leigh, fyshake,* 3. 

Willielmo Jacson, sethar,* 3. 

Willielmo Robynson, cator, 3. 

Roberto Busby, slawghterman, 3. 

Johanni Dicson, bowter,* 3. 

Edwardo Brown, bowter, 3. 

Ricardo Pentland, maltster, 3. 

Edmundo Elison, maltster, 3. 

Edwardo Withan, mylner, 3. 

Ricardo Batmanson, bagman,* 3. 

Johanni Richardby, carter, 3. 

Johanni Shoroton, carter, 3. 

Antonio Thomson de Rille, 3. 

Thomas Falderley, palesser* de Beaupark, 3. 

Willielmo Moryson, waynman, 3. 

Roberto Redeman, waynman, 3. 

Roberto Sanderson, procuratori de Norham, 3. 

Hostillatori, pro 3 gromis, 9 uln., et 3 uln. ultra scilicet 
cuilibet 1 uln. 

Sacristas, pro 5 gromis, 15 uln. et ^ gratis. 

Elemosinario, pro uno gromo, 3 uln. 

Camerario, pro uno gromo, 3 uln. 

Communiario, pro uno gromo, 3 uln. 

Cellerario, pro 2 gromis, in singyll clothe/ 

Apprenticio kervour, ex precepto Domini, 3 uln. 

Apprenticio lathami,* ex precepto Domini, 3 uln. 



LIBERATURA SPECIALIS. 147 

Et venditae Thomas Kirkeman 3 uln. $s. in stipend. 

Et Domino priori 6 uln. 

DOMINO priori ut infra 6 uln. generos. 6 uln. valect. 6 
uln. gromor. 

Capt. hoc anno de pannario Dunelm. W°. Mildesley 3 
pec. panni generosorum,* qiuelibet continens iS uln. Et 
de eodem, pro magistro Scolarium et . . . . preste,* 8 uln. 
de sad,* et pro Magistro Thomas Farn, commissario nostri 
Archidiaconatus, (128) 4 uln. Summa 66 uln. viz. 2 
cloths integr. et V\ ad 53^. <\d. £j 6s. 8d. 

Item de valectis 6 pece ad 18 uln. continentes, 108 ma. 
uln. viz. 4 cloths et % ad 46..V. Hd. ^"io 10s. 

Item 10 pec. gromorum ad 18 uln. 

Item 2 singill pece contin. 18 uln. dowbill. 

Item 1 pec. panni stricti cont. 1 2 uln. singill excepto (qr. ?). 

Et altera pecia stricti panni cont. 12 uln. singill excepto 
qr. Summa gromorum 193 ma. uln. viz. 8 pece integr. Y /> 
et % et 3 uln. ad 40^. £17 i$s. 

Summa totalis ^35 iijt. Sd. 

Et praeter pec. 11 uln. generos. de me ex panno meo 
proprio. 

Summa ulnarum 338 ma. 

Ric. Bentley, 3. 

Chr. Brown, 3. 

Sand. Loksmyth sibi vend. 3. 

Tho. Whitfelde, 6 uln. strict, et ultra. 



Izj-H RITES OF DURHAM. 

(129) VI. INDULGENTI/E.* 

I. — Indulgencice concessce omnibus conferentibus de bonis 
suis ad Fabricam Ecclesice Dunelmensis. 

Univkrsis has literas inspecturis vel audituris, Thomas 
Prior, et Conventus Dunelmensis Ecclesias, salutem in 
Domino. Ouamvis ad opera misericordise diligenter in 
hac vita seminanda Christiani populi, tarn ex Catholicae 
fidei professione quam ex evangelica pariter et apostolica 
exhortacione, teneantur astricti, ut, diem visitacionis 
extremal pietatis operibus praeveniendo, aeternorum intuitu 
prasmiorum seminare studeant in terris, quod, reddente 
Domino, cum multiplicato fructu recolligere mereantur in 
coelis ; volentes tamen fidelium populorum animos 
spiritualibus beneficiis ac coelestibus promissis specialiter 
incitare, ut ad fabricam Ecclesias nostras promovendam de 
bonis sibi a Summo Largitore collatis largas cum de- 
votione dextras extendant ; quod quidem opus esse pietatis 
eximium et insigne cunctis per fissuras et fracturas ipsius 
Ecclesias ex orientali sui parte prominentes, ac terribilem 
ruinam minantes intuentibus veraciter apparet, numerosi- 
tatem dierum quos quidem summus Pontifex ac quidam 
Episcopi, tarn Anglias quam Scotiae, omnibus illis auctoritate 
pontificali ex injunctasibi penitencia relaxaverunt, qui pias 
elemosinas ad opus dictas Ecclesias erogare curaverint, 
numerum quoque missarum ac psalteriorum, qua? viri 
religiosi omnibus fabricam supradictas Ecclesias ex suis 
elemosinis promovere volentibus, liberali magnificentia 
concesserunt, ad universorum noticiam prassenti scripto 
inserere decrevimus. Noverit igitur universitas vestra, a 
Domino Papa xl dies, ab Archiepiscopo Ebor. XL dies, de 
Hugone Episcopo Dunelm. lxxx dies, de Nicholao 
Episcopo Dunelm. xl dies, ab Episcopo Karliolensi xl 
dies, ab Episcopo Lincoln, xl dies, de Episcopo Gal- 
wathiae* xl dies, de Episcopo Sancti Andreae xl dies, de 
Episcopo Duncheldens. xl dies, de Episcopo Glascuens. 
xxx dies, omnibus prasdictas ecclesias benefactoribus de 
injuncta sibi pcenitencia misericorditer esse indultos. Et 
est summa dierum cccc et xxx ta dies.* Preterea noveritis 
ab Abbate et Conventu Novi Monasterii DC missas et M 



INDULGENCES. 14«> 

psalteria, ab Abbate et Conventu de Alba Landa cc< 
missaset ccc psalteria, a Prioreet Conventu Augustaldens. ' 
ax' missas et ccc psalteria, a Priore et Conventu de Brenke- 

burn CCC missas (i,,o) cum omnibus psalteriis in ecclesia 
sua dicendis, a Priore et Conventu de Tynemuth CCC missas 
et cc psalteria, a Priore et Conventu de Coldingham cccc 

missis et CCCC psalteria, a Priore et Conventu de Boulton 
i. xxx missas, a Priore et Conventu de Pinchall cccc missas 
et CCCC psalteria, a Priore et Fratribus de Insula CCC 
missas et cc psalteria, a Fratribus de Banburgh c missas, 
a Fratribus de Jarwe CCC missas, a Fratribus de Weremutb 
CC missas, a Fratribus de Farn c missas et c psalteria, a 
Priorissa et Conventu de Xesham ccc psalteria, a Priorissa 
et Conventu de Lamelv ccc psalteria, a Priorissa et 
Conventu de Berewieh LX missas & ccc psalteria, a 
Priorissa et Conventu de Halistan lii missas et CCC 
psalteria, a Priorissa et Conventu de Xovo Castro ccc 
psalteria, cum ceteris bonis qua; in singulis ecclesiis 
praenotatis fient privatim et publice, benefactoribus omnibus 
praenominatis liberaliter esse concessa. Summa vero 
psalteriorum IV. M. Xos autem, pra?ter missas supra- 
scriptas, faeimus singulis diebus sex missas pro praedictis 
benefactoribus in monasterio nostro celebrari. Et est 
summa missarum VII™ ccc et xxxn. Et in hujus rei 
testimonium sigillum nostrum praesentibus Uteris fecimus 
apponi. (Before 1244.) 

II. — H. Elyens.* conferentibus ad fabricam ix altarium 
xi. dies per septem annos. Anno m.cc.xxxv. 

OMNIBUS hoc scriptum visuris vel audituris, H., Dei gratia 
Eliensis Episcopus, salutem in Domino. Inter pra?claros 
Christi Confessores quorum praesentia corporalis Angllcanae 
patrocinatur F2cclesia?, Beatus Cuthbertus non mediocre 
sanctitatis pra.'conium dinoscitur optinere. Nee immerito 
laudibus humanis attollitur, eujus mentis inlirmi sanitatis 
gratiam consequuntur. Cujus caro carie carens et prorsus 
integre perseverans, dormientem pot i us quam mortuum 
repra^sentare videtur. Membra namque beati viri manere 
penitus incorrupta, non solum \'enerabilis Bedae presbiteri 
scriptura testatur, verum etiam probavit ipsius sanctissimi 



I50 RITES OF DURHAM. 

corporis translatio, sub hoc novissimo tempore celebrata. 
Hie itaque thesaurus, super aurum et topazion preciosus, 
apud Dunelmensem requiescit Ecclesiam, ubi supra 
sacrum illius sepulchrum devocio veterum lapideas erexit 
testudines, qua? jam nunc plenae fissuris et ritnis, dissolutio- 
nem sui indicant imminere, adeoque propinquam minatur 
ruinam, ut quicunque molem illam tarn suspecte pendentem 
aspexerit veraciter dicere possit, quoniam terribilis et 
tremendus est locus ille. Cum autem venerabilis frater 
Dominus R. Dunelmensis Episcopus, tarn manifesto de- 
siderans obviare periculo disponat, auxiliante (131) Domino, 
apud orientalem supradictas Ecclesiam partem novum opus 
extruere in quo ipsius sancti Confessoris corpus valeat 
tutius pariter et honestius collocari, universitatem vestram 
monemus et hortamur in Domino, ut ad prasfati operis 
fabricam celerius consummandam de bonis vobis a Deo 
collatis aliqua caritatis subsidia velitis misericorditer 
erogare, quatenus per hasc et alia bona quae feceritis asterna 
possistis gaudia promereri. Nos vero de Dei misericordia 
et de gloriosas Virginis, necnon et Sancti Cuthberti 
omniumque sanctorum meritis confidentes, omnibus qui 
fabricae memoratag pias elemosinarum largitiones impen- 
derint, seu prasdictum locum per hoc septennium proxime 
futurum causa orationis adierint, et quorum Diocesani hanc 
indulgentiam nostram ratam habuerint, si de peccatis suis 
vero contriti fuerint et confessi, triginta dies de injuncta 
sibi penitentia relaxamus. Data London, anno gratia^ 
Millesimo Ducentesimo tricesimo quinto. Septimo id. 
Julii. 

III. Indulgentia quadraginta dierum concessa per 
Clementem, permissione divina ecclesiam Dumblanensis 
ministrum humilem, omnibus visitantibus Majus Altare in 
ecclesia Dunelmensi per ipsum in honorem Sanctas Marias 
semper virginis consecratum. Data apud Dunelm. die 
consecrationis predicti Altaris, scilicet nonis Junii, pontifi- 
catus anno xxx. In dorso 1240. 

IV. Indulgentia quadraginta dierum concessa per 
Clementem, permissione divina ecclesias Dunblanensis 
ministrum humilem, omnibus aliquid ad reparationem 



INDULGENCES. I 5 ' 

fabrics Dunelmensis ecclesiae, quae horribilem rhinatur 
ruinani, conferentibus. Data anno gratias 1 243, kaf. 
Octobris. 

V. Indulgentia quadraginta dierum concessa per 
Silvestrem, Dei gratia Karleolensem episcopum, omnibus 
visitantibus &c. Data Dunelm., 16 kal. Junii, primo anno 
pontificatus. 

VI. Indulgentia quadraginta dierum concessa per 
Gilbertum, Candidas Casae* episcopum, omnibus visitan- 
tibus Feretrum Sancti Cuthberti cum orationibus et donis. 
Data Dunelm. vii. kal. Novembris 1248, pontificatus xiii°. 

VII. Indulgentia quadraginta dierum concessa per 
Ricardum, episcopum Mannensem et Insularum. Data 
apud Dunelm. primo anno pontificatus. 

(132) VIII. INDULGENTIA quadraginta dierum concessa 
per Gilbertum, Dei gratia Candida: Casae episcopum, 
"omnibus qui ad aliquod de quinque Altaribus in fronte 
Dunelmensis ecclesiae positis, quorum fecimus dedica- 
tionem, causa devotionis advenerint. " Data die dedi- 
cations dictorum Altarium, scilicet xvi. kal. Julii, 1253, 
apud Dunelm. 

IX. Indulgentia quadraginta dierum concessa con- 
ferentibus aliquid ad Feretrum Sancti Cuthberti per 
Ricardum, Dei gratia episcopum Dunkeldensem. Data 
apud Dunholm. 1254. 

X. Indulgentia quadraginta dierum concessa per 
Albinum, permissione divina ecclesiae Brevnensis minis- 
trum humilem, omnibus visitantibus Galileam, &c. Data 
apud Dunelm., 1254. 

XI. INDULGENTIA quadraginta dierum concessa per 
Abel, Dei gratia episcopum Sancti Andrea 4 , omnibus 
visitantibus Feretrum Sancti Cuthberti sive Galileam, cum 
orationibus et donis. Data apud Dunelm. 4 non. Junii, 
1254 primo anno pontificatus. 

XII. Indulgentia quadraginta dierum concessa per 

Walterum, Dei gratia Norwicensem episcopum, omnibus 
visitantibus Feretrum Sancti Cuthberti. Data Dunelm. vi. 
id. Septcmbris, 1254. Pontificatus io°. 



152 RITES OF DURHAM. 

XIII. Indulgentia quadraginta dierum concessa per 
Walterum episcopum Dunelmensem, cum confirmatione 
Indulgentia? Silvestris episcopi Karleolensis, Gilberti 
episcopi Candida? Casa? data? 7 kal. Novembriis 1248, item 
Indulgentia? quadraginta dierum ab eodem singulis diebus 
in perpetuum ad quodlibet quinque Altarium in fronte 
ecclesia? ab ipso consecratorum, anno 1253 — Thoma? 
episcopi Egdunensis,* viginti dierum — Clementis episcopi 
Dumblanensis, viginti dierum, anno 1253, kal. Maii — 
Indulgentia? quadraginta dierum concessa? ab eodem eodem 
anno, non. Junii, in consecratione majoris Altaris singulis 
diebus in perpetuum — Ricardi Sodorensis, Mannensis, et 
Insularum, quadraginta dierum — Abel episcopi Sancti An- 
drea?, quadraginta dierum, 4 non. Junii, 1254 — Willielmi l 
episcopi Norvicensis, quadraginta dierum, 6 id. Septembris, 
1256 — Ricardi episcopi Dunkeldensis, quadraginta dierum, 
crastino S. Lucia? virginis, 1254 — Roberti Rossensis, 
quadraginta dierum — Willielmi episcopi Catanensis," quad- 
raginta dierum — Ysaac episcopi Connorensis, quadraginta 
dierum — Alani epis(i33)copi Ergadiensis,* quadraginta 
dierum. Data apud Aukland 8 id. Aprilis, pontificatus 
nostri anno septimo (1255). 

XIV. Indulgentia quadraginta dierum concessa per 
Alanum, Dei gratia Ergadiensem episcopum, omnibus 
visitantibus Feretrum Sancti Cuthberti sive Galileam. 
Data apud Dunelm. 1255. 

XV. Indulgentia Ysaac episcopi Conorensis de 
quadraginta diebus concessa visitantibus Galileam sive 
Feretrum Sancti Cuthberti Dunelm. Data apud Dunelm. 

1255- 

XVI. Indulgentia quadraginta dierum concessa per 
Robertum, Dei gratia Rosensem episcopum, xii. kal. Julii, 
1255, pontificatus anno 6 to , apud Dunelm. 

XVII. Indulgentia quadraginta dierum concessa per 
Willielmum, Catanensis ecclesia? episcopum, omnibus 
visitantibus Feretrum Sancti Cuthberti sive Galileam cum 
donis et orationibus. Data apud Dunelm. 16 cal. Octobris, 
1255, anno pontificatus 9 . 

■ Read "Walteri." 



INDULGENCES. 153 

XVIII. Indulgentia Albini, Dei gratia Breynensis 
episcopi, concessa omnibus visitantibus quodlibet de 
quinque Altaribus in fronte ecclesiae Dunelmensis. 
Data apud Dunelm., 4 non. Marti i, 1256. 

XIX. WlLLIELMUS, Dei gratia Connorensis episcopus, 
concedit quadraginta dies Indulgence. Data apud 
Dunelm. 1258. Pontificatus anno secundo. 

XX. Indulgentia viginti dierum ad fabrieam sive 
reparationem ecclesiae Dunelmensis eoncessa per Williel- 
mum episcopum Glasguensem. Data apud Alnecrumb,* 
kal. Oetobris, 1258. 

XXI. INDULGENTIA quadraginta dierum concessa per 
Henrieum, Dei gratia Candida; Casae episeopum, omnibus 
visitantibus, &c. Data Dunelm., die Sancti Leonardi, 
1259- 

XXII. Indulgentia quadraginta dierum concessa per 
Augustinum, miseracione divina Laudocensem* episcopum, 
omnibus visitantibus Feretrum Sancti Cuthberti. Data 
apud Dunelm. xv. kal. Decembris, 1259. 

XXIII. Indulgentia quadraginta dierum concessa per 
(134) G., Archicpiscopum* Eboracensem, omnibus visitan- 
tibus Feretrum Sancti Cuthberti sive Galileam, et con- 
ferentibus, &c. Data Dunelm. xv. kal. Decembris, 1259, 
pontificatus anno 2 . 

XXIV. Indulgentia triginta dierum concessa per 
Robertum, Dei gratia Dumblenensem episcopum. Data 
Dunelm. pridie id. Septembris, 1260. 

XXV. INDULGENTIA viginti dierum concessa per Hen- 
rieum, miseracione divina Londoniensem episcopum. Data 
London, 1260. 

XXVI. INDULGENTIA viginti dierum concessa per 
Rogerum, Dei gratia Conventrensem et Liehefeldenseni 
episcopum. Data apud Oxon. 4 id. Martii, sexto anno 
pontificatus. 

XXVII. Indulgentia quadraginta dierum concessa 
per Hugonem Elyensem episcopum. Data London, 3 
kal. Martii, octavo anno pontificatus. 



154 KITES OF DURHAM. 

XXVIII. Indulgentia quadraginta dierum concessa 
per Archibaldum, miseratione divina Moraviensem epis- 
copum, "omnibus visitantibus Feretrum Venerabilis Bedas, 
presbiteri et doctoris egregii, cujus venerandas reliquas in 
majori ecclesia Dunelmensi sunt reconditas." Data 
Dunelm. vi. kal. Aprilis, 1268. 

XXIX. Indulgentia quadraginta dierum concessa per 
fratrem Carbricum, miseratione divina episcopum Rathbo- 
tensem," dummodo loci dyocesanus hanc indulgentiam 
ratam habuerit. Data Dunelm. 1273. 

XXX. Indulgentia quadraginta dierum concessa per 
Petrum, Dei gratia Archadienserrf episcopum, omnibus 
visitantibus Feretrum Sancti Cuthberti cum donis, &c. 
Data apud Dunelm. septimo kal. Januarii, 1273. 

XXXI. Indulgentia quadraginta dierum concessa per 
Henricum, Dei gratia Candidas Casae episcopum, "omnibus 
qui ad aliquod de duobus Altaribus in fronte Dunelmensis 
ecclesias in parte australi positis, quorum fecimus dedi- 
cationem, causa devotionis advenerint, quorum unum 
dedicatum est in honorem Sancti Johannis Baptistas et 
Sanctas Margaretas virginis et martyris, et aliud in 
honorem Sancti Andreas et Sanctas Marias Magdalenas." 
Data die dedications dictorum Altarium, scilicet, (135) 
vii. kal. Januarii, anno Domini M.CC. LXX quarto, apud 
Dunelm. 

XXXII. Indulgentia quadraginta dierum concessa 
per Robertum, Dei gratia Dunelmensem episcopum, cum 
confirmatione Indulgentiarum predecessorum suorum. 
Data apud Myddelham xiii. kal. Martii, pontificatus anno 
primo. 

XXXIII. Indulgentia quadraginta dierum concessa 
per Walterum, permissione divina Rofensem episcopum, 
omnibus aliquid de bonis suis ad reparationem novas 
fabrics Dunelmensis ecclesias celerius consummandam 
conferentibus ; " prassentibus usque ad prasdictas fabricas 
inchoatas perfectionem valituris." Data apud Dunelm. 
xii. kal. Septembris, 1277. 



[NDULGENCES. 155 

XXXIY. Indulgentia quadraginta dierum concessa 
per eundem episcopum omnibus visitantibus Feretrum 
Sancti Cuthberti. Data eodem die. 

XXXV, [ndulgentla quadraginta dierum concessa 
per Willielmum, Dei gratia episcopum Sancti Andreae in 
Scocia. Data apud Dunelm. pridie idus Octobris, 1277. 

XXXYI. Indulgentia quadraginta dierum per Wil- 
lielmum, permissione divina Norwicensem episcopum, 
omnibus conferentibus aliquid de bonis suis ad repara- 
cionem novae fabricae Dunelmensis ecclesia?. Data apud 
Dunelm. nonis Martii, 1 2 7 <S . 

XXXYI I. INDULGENTIA quadraginta dierum concessa 
per Robertum, Dei gratia Batoniensis ecclesiae episcopum, 
omnibus visitantibus Feretrum Sancti Cuthberti cum 
orationibus et donis. Data apud Dunelm. xvi. kal. 
Octobris, 1 280. 

XXX VI II. INDULGENTIA quadraginta dierum concessa 
per Pet rum, Dei gratia Conerensis ecclesia; episcopum, 
omnibus visitantibus Feretrum Sancti Cuthberti. Data 
apud Dunelm. kal. Mar. 1280. 

XXXIX. INDULGENTIA quadraginta dierum concessa 
per Willielmum, Dei gratia Dunkeldensem episcopum, 
omnibus visitantibus Feretrum Sancti Cuthberti et aliquid 
conferentibus. Data apud Dunelm. xv. kal. Junii, 1285. 

XL. INDULGENTIA quadraginta dierum concessa per 
Willielmum, Dei gratia Brheyensem episcopum, omnibus, 
&c. Data apud Dunelm. 17 kal. Septembris, 1286. 

(136) XLI. INDULGENTIA quadraginta dierum concessa 
per Thomam, Dei gratia Candida. 1 Casas ecclesiae episcopum, 
omnibus visitantibus Feretrum Sancti Cuthberti. Data 
Dunelm. nonis Septembris, 1302. 

XLII. Indulgentia ejusdem episcopi visitantibus 
A hare Sanctae Crucis, s.a. 

XLI 1 1. Indulgentia quadraginta dierum concessa per 

Willielmum (Lamberton), episcopum Sancti Andreas, 
omnibus visitantibus Altare Sanctae Crucis de novo con- 



I56 RITES OF DURHAM. 

structum in ecclesia Dunelm. Data apud Dunelm. 7 kal. 
Maii septimo anno pontificatus. 

XLIV. Indulgentia quadraginta dierum concessa per 
Robertum Elyensem episcopum. Data apud Novum 
Castrum super Tynam, 3 non. Octobris, 1306, consecra- 
tionis quarto. 

XLV. Indulgentia quadraginta dierum concessa per 
fratrem Andream, permissione divina Ergadyensem epis- 
copum, omnibus visitantibus Altare Sanctas Crucis in 
ecclesia Dunelmensi. Data Dunelm. xiii. kal. Decembris, 
1310, pontificatus anno 13 . 

XLVI. Alia ejusdem episcopi, eodem anno. 

XLVII. Antonius Patriarcha visitantibus feretrum vel 
reliquias xl d. Item idem Antonius Dunelm. xl d. 
^°.M°.ccc decimo. 

Universis Sanctas Matris Ecclesia? filiis pra?sentes 
litteras inspecturis, Antonius, permissione divina sanctas 
Jerosolimitana? Ecclesia; Patriarcha et Episcopus Dunol- 
mens., salutem in eo qui pro redempcione humani generis 
Jerosolimis voluit crucifigi. Gratum Deo impendere 
credimus obsequium, ipsumque Creatorem et Dominum 
omnium prascipue veneramur, dum sanctos suos devotas 
Christianorum memoriae recommendamus, eoque pras- 
stantius quo per allectiva indulgenciarum et remissionum 
munera ad orationis devocionem et elemosinarum 
largicionem animos fidelium excitamus. De Dei igitur 
omnipotentis misericordia, gloriosas virginis Maria? matris 
ejus, sanctorum apostolorum Petri et Pauli, et beatissimi 
Cuthberti Confessoris omniumque sanctorum meritis et 
precibus confidentes ; omnibus Christi fidelibus de peccatis 
suis vere poenitentibus et confessis, qui causa devocionis et 
oracionis ad Cathedralem Ecclesiam nostram Dunol- 
mensem accesserint, et Feretrum beatissimi Cuthberti 
Confessoris aliasque Reliquias ibidem in quacumque parte 
dicta? (137) Ecclesias existentes visitaverint, seu de bonis 
sibi a Deo collatis aliquid eidem Ecclesia? offerendo, seu 
alio modo largiendo caritative contulerint, quadraginta dies 



INDULGENCES. 1 57 

auctoritate nostra Patriarchali ot rursum quadraginta dies 
jure nostra Episcopali de injuncta sibi poenitencia miser i- 
corditer in Domino relaxamus. Ratificantes insuper per 
praesentes omnes [ndulgencias a confratribus nostris 
Archiepiscopis et Episcopis quibuscumque ex causis 
praemissis concessas et imposterum concedandas. In cujus 
rei testimonium sigillum nostrum praesentibus est appen- 
sum. Data apud Kltham, Roffens' Dioces', quinto die 
mensis Junij. Anno Domini millesimo trecentesimo 
deeimo, Patriarchatus nostri quinto, et Consecracionis 
notrae vicesimo septimo. 1 

XLVIII. INDULGENTIA quadraginta dierum concessa 
per Willielmum, archiepiscopum Eboracensem, omnibus 
visitantibus Reliquias ecclesia? Dunelmensis. Data 
Dunelm. 4 non. Maii, 131 1, pontificatus sexto. 

XLIX. INDULGENTIA quadraginta dierum concessa per 
Willielmum, Archiepiscopum Eboracensem, omnibus 
visitantibus Feretrum Sancti Cuthberti et aliquid de bonis 
suis conferentibus. Data Dunelm. iv. non. Maii, 1311, 
pontificatus vi t0 . 

L. INDULGENTIA quadraginta dierum concessa per 
Johannem, episcopum Conerensem, omnibus visitantibus 
Feretrum Sancti Cuthberti vel locum Reliquiarum cum 
donis. 3 id. Aprilis, 1319, pontificatus anno 25 . 

LI. INDULGENTIA quadraginta dierum concessa per 
Johannem, Dei gratia Karliolensem episcopum. Data 
apud manerium nostrum de Bello Loco, xvi. kal. Novem- 
bris, 1333, et consecrationis secundo. 

LI I. INDULGENTIA Ricardi, Dunelmensis episcopi, 
conferentibus ad fabricam Ecclesia? vel ad Feretrum Sancti 
Cuthberti cum ratificatione omnium Indulgentiarum pra?- 
cedentium. 

UNIVERSIS — Ricardus, permissione divina episcopus 
Dunelmensis, salutem — Cum, ad promerenda sempiterna 
gaudia Sanctorum, sint nobis suffragia plurimum oppor- 
tuna, loca Sanctorum omnium pia sunt devotione fidelium 

1 Se.il engraved in Surtees's History of Durham, — Seals, plate v, No. 1. 



I. V s RITES OF DURHAM. 

veneranda ; ut, dum Dei veneramur amicos, ipsi nos 
amicabiles Deo reddant, et illorum quodammodo vendi- 
cando patrocinium apud Deum, (138) quod merita nostra 
non obtinent eorum mereamur intercessionibus obtinere. 
Cupientes, igitur, ut ecclesia Dunelmensis, in qua venera- 
bilis patris nostri Cuthberti incorruptum corpus honorifice 
collocatur, congruis honoribus et crebris populorum 
accessibus frequentetur, omnibus vere pcenitentibus quad- 
raginta dies, &c. Data Dunelm. 7 Junii, 1334, pontificatus 
primo. 

LI 1 1. Indulgentia quadraginta dierum concessa per 
Willielmum, Archiepiscopum Eboracensem, omnibus visi- 
tantibus locum Reliquiarum in ecclesia Sancti Cuthberti 
Dunelm. Data Dunelm. nonis Junii, 1334, pontificatus 
xvijo. 

LIV. Indulgentia quinquaginta dierum concessa per 
Johannem, Archiepiscopum Cantuariensem, omnibus visi- 
tantibus Reliquias ecclesiae Dunelmensis. Data Novi 
Castri super Tynam x. kal. Januarii, 1335, translations 2 . 

LV. Indulgentia triginta dierum concessa per Tho- 
mam, Dei gratia Enhegdunensem* episcopum. Data 
Dunelm. 4 non Aprilis. 

LVI. Indulgentia quadraginta dierum concessa per 
Rogerum, episcopum Rossensem, omnibus visitantibus 
Altare Sancta? Crucis in ecclesia cathedrali Dunelmensi 
de novo constructum. Data Dunelm. 13 . ., consecra- 
tionis 4 to . 



159 
VII. Notes on Prbbendal Houses. 

I.MS, formerly in possession of Archdeacon Bland, now, 1902, of Dr. Farrar). 

Prebendal Houses. 

Stall 1. Was the Exchequer of the Chamberlain of the 
Monastery. Built . . . ? 

Partly rebuilt by I> J. Bowes 171 2 — 1721. Egerton 
arms 1 7 7 1 , etc. Must have been rebuilt or substantially 

repaired in that Bp's time. Altered by M 1 Gisborne, the 
Hall and Study being interchanged. 

2. Built by D r Jos. Naylor, about 1662. N.B. — He 
wrote a Supp. to Life of Bp. Morton by Rd. Baddely, the 
Bp's Secretary. Altered — ? 

Attic Story added by D 1 Philpotts? 

3. Was the Guest Hall of the Monastery. See Daw, 
p. 105. l Built — ? Much improved by D 1 James Finney, 
Rector of Long Newton and of Ryton, 1694 — 1726. Re- 
built by Dr. Prosser, 1808? 

4. The Guest Hall in part. Improved by Preb>' Ph. 
Falle, 1699 — 1742. Large Repairs by Archd. Thorpe, 
1 8 29 — 1830. 

5. Built — ? Improved by D 1 J. Bowes, 1696 — 1712. 
The present Dining Room was the "Loft" or ordinary 
Dining Room of the Convent. The Drawing Room by 
Mr. Bouyer. 

6. This was the Refectory of the Almery Children 
during the Monastery ; and it was altered at the Dissolu- 
tion into a Dwelling House by Stephen Marley, the 1st 
Prebv of the 6th Stall, 1541 — 1572. 

Partly rebuilt by Rd. Wrench, 1660 — 1675, being much 
ruined in the Rebellion. See Hut. (II), p. 191. 2 

7. The Granary, made a Dw. House by Rob 1 Darley, 
the I st Preb. of this Stall. His arms were cut in the Hall 
Window next the Garden and R. D. relieved upon a Stone 
on the W. side of the Window, within, where it remained 
in 1758 (Sharp's MS.). 

1 Should bo Hunter, 105; or, Da v., 139. 

2 Hutchinson, II, 191, note. 



l6o RITES OF DURHAM. 

It was rebuilt by Preb. L. Pilkington, 1567 — 1592. 
Altered, rep (1 , and much improved by Dr. John Smith 
(the Editor of Bede's Works) 1695 — 17 15. Altered and 
improved by H. Douglas in 1838. 1 

8. Was a Garner or Corn House temp. Monasterii. 
Built — . Rebuilt from the Ground by D r R d Gray, 
1 660 — 1 704. 

9. Built by — ? New Built by Preb. Sancroft (postea 
Archb. Cant.) in 1674. D r H. Bagshaw added a new 
apartment, 1681 — 1709. Drawing Room (as a Music 
Room) by D r Sharp, 1768 — 1791. 

10. Built by — ? Part of it built anew by D r Fitzherbert 
Adams, 1695 — 171 1. He laid out ^2000 — ? Added to by 
Dr. Hartwell, 171 1 — 1725. Altered by Dr. Haggitt, 
1 809 ? 

11. Built — ? Much improved by D 1 Theo. Pickering, 
1699 — 1710, who made the Gardens and Fountains. 
Almost rebuilt by Ld. B(arrington) about 1802. 

12. Built — ? Rebuilt by Wm. James, 1620 — 1659. 
Do. Jno. Morton, 1685 — 1723. Almost entirely by Hon. 
Anch. Grey, circ. 181 2. 



" Altered," etc., in another hand. 



i6i 
VIII. Mickleton's additions to Da vies. 1691. 

I.MS. Gough, Durham, 12. Bodleian Library), 

J. Davies's Cathedral of Durham, London, 1672, 
interleaved. 
The additions and Emendations hereafter inserted, were MS. Gough, 
transcribed from a book of James Mickletons of Grays Inn, Durham i '-'• 
Esq. grandson of the person to whom the printed book is 
dedicated/ and who was unfortunately drowned at Arundell 
Stairs the 23 d of November, 17 19: but they were not of 
his own handwriting, and seemed to be transcribed, by the 
Corrections made in severall places, from some other Copy. 
They were wrote originally in y e year 1691 as appears from 
the Catalogue of the Organists inserted over against p. 28. 
Mr. Mickleton's book is now in my Lord Harleys 
Library. 

R. Gale/ 

First written, in the year of our Lord 1593. v. p. 49. 'v. 
p. 47. It was onely y e Memorial beginning p. 37. 1 but A. 
Wood p. 904. T. 1 1. of his Athenae Oxon. says it was first 
written in 1597, and gives this Character of it from a bishop 
that he do's name not.* 

Liber hie omni no Apocryphus, fiva-apas et Legendae 
putidae plurimum, veras Historian (praxi et cultu Mona- 
chorum superstitioso exceptis) parum habet : adeo ut 
mirari subit inscitiam ejus qui edidit, et negligentiam 
(veritati et Ecclesia? Anglicana; damnosam) qui pra^lo misit. 

R.G. 

L'Ardoise, is properly slate. R. G. 

Note that Hugo Derlington* ye 14 th Prior of Durham 
did in the reign of K. Hcnrv 3 d cause to be made great 
Organs for his Church of Durham. 

The names of some of the Organists of this Cathedrall 
Church of Durham. 

John Brimleis* in the beginning of Queen Elisabeth's 
reign, dyed Octob. 13 th 1576, and lyeth buryed in the 
Consistory, or St. Marys Galilee, at the West end of this 

' — ' In another handwriting. 
I I 



162 RITES OF DURHAM. 

MS. Gough, Church under a Marble stone, on which in brasse was 

2 * engraven [his image] the which was taken away in y e 

troublesome times ; but here is his Epitaph still to be seen. 

William Brown" an excellent Master of Musick, a severe 
man, but taught severall persons Musick ; among others 
Mr. Edward Smith* who succeeded him in y e Organists 
place. 

Edward Smith who was buryed in this Church Febr. the 
4th 161 1. Reg. Jacob. 9 . 

After his death one William Smith y e Elder (there were 
two of this name, but nothing of kin) did sometimes 
officiate. 

Next to Mr. Edward Smith succeeded one [blank] 
Dodson, 1 who served about a year and a half as Organist. 

Richard Hutchinson* the famous Organist dyed on 
Sunday June y e 7 th 1646. but for him there did sometime 
officiate the other William Smith. 

John Forster,' who came in at Christmas 1660, and dyed 
20 th of April, 1677, whose widow was married to Alexander 
Shaw" the younger, the 29 th of Novemb. after, i.e., 1677. 

The said Alexander Shaw after y e death of the said John 
Forster came in to be Organist, to wit in the latter end of 
April 1677, and went out at Christmasse 1681. 

William Grigg* that came from York, & came in on 
Christmasse Eve 1681, & then officiated, and is now anno 
1691 alive, & the Dean and Chapters Organist. 

The third pair of Organs* were called the White Organs, 
they were placed on y e South side of the Quire towards y e 
Vestry house, and were most, and indeed dayly, used at 
ordinary service, in the times of Queen Elisabeth and 
K. James I. The said two Organs, to wit those on the 
North side, and the great one in the Middle over the Quire 
door, were taken down in Dean Hunts time, about ann: 
1620 when another great Organ was made,* and was 
finished in the latter end of anno 1621, & placed over the 

1 So in MS. ; "quidani Dodshon," Mickleton MS., 32, 557'. 



MICKLETON'S ADDITIONS TO DAVIES. 163 

Quire door. And the said White Organs stood untaken MS.Gough, 
down, and James Smart hoard them played on an" 1635 
and 1636, and the cases o\ the said White Organ, and allso 
of the great Organ remained in the Church till 1641/ 

Note that the Scotts came into England in September 
1640, and there staid untill the 20 th of August 1641, at 
which time they went away ; but in the interim to wit on 
Midsummer day 1(141, which fell out that year to be upon 
Corpus Christi day and not till then did they use any 
Violence or harm to the Organs in this Church ; but then 
they fell on and broke them, and tore up all the great 
Keys of v great Organs, which had been finished and 
sett up at the latter end of the said year 1621. and the said 
Midsummer day they pulled down and destroyed the old 
Font, w ch stood betwixt the next 2 pillars to the Quire 
ward on the South side of the Church, but to prevent 
further mischief to the Organs, Lievtenant Colonel Bruce, 
who was quartered in the North Bayly in Durham at 
Mr. Robert Cowpers, where now Mr. William Shereman 
liveth, being applved unto, he for the present put them off, 
and then one Mr. George Blades, who was, or had been 
Steward to Dean Balcanquall,* went to Gateside to certifye 
the premisses, and advise with y e Generall of the Scotch 
army, who advised Mr. Blades to take y e pipes out ; and 
at night they did so, and took them all down in the night 
time to save them, but afterwards the said two Cases, to 
witt, that of the White Organ, and that of y e Great Organ, 
being standing in y Church y e 11 th of September 1650 
the Scotch prisoners taken at the fight of Dunbar, which 
was on the 3 d of v said month, to the number of 4500 or 
thereabouts, being brought to Durham, and put into the 
Cathedrall, w th was now made a prison to keep them in, . 
thev the said prisoners did burn all the said two cases, and 
all the seats and Wainscott and all the Wood they could 
find in the Cathedrall Church aforesaid. 

The next Organs that were brought into the Church 
were in Bishop Cosins's time, to witt a pair of little Organs 
that cost towards 80 pound, that came from London, & 
placed on the South side in a little loft towards the Vestry : 



164 RITES OF DURHAM. 

MS. Gongh, which loft was made fitt for them, and they were set up in 
' y e s fl loft in June & July 1661, and then were tuned by 
Mr. John Nichols and James Smart. 

There were a pair of great Organs for w ch a bargain was 
made bv Dean Barwick: they were begun in his time, and 
after finished in Dean Sudbury's time against Christmasse 
1662, but were not played on on Christmasse day, but the 
said little Organs were played on ; at which Dean Sudbury 
was angry, but after on St. Stephens Day the said Great 
Organs were first played on by Mr. John Forster Organist, 
& so continued to be played on. 

And after that a new pair of Organs were agreed for in 
August 1683 with Bernard Smith* of London, and were 
set up and finished in August 1686. 

Opposite In this North Alley were the ancient Song Schools," in 

P- 33- a building- through the Church North wall into v e Church- 

yard northward, in which Song School building there 
was a Window looking Eastward, and another Northward. 
Richard Hutchinson the Organist was last Master hereof, 
the said long School building was pulled down the latter 
end of y e year 1633, or y e beginning of 1634. 

At the East end of the churchyard there was a house 
and little garden, in which house Nicholas Shuffield 1 a 
Singing man of this Church, Counter Tenor, tho by trade 
a Joyner, did live, dyed, and was buryed in the churchyard 
under a stone, which with the Epitaph upon it, is yett to 
be seen.* Afterwards Thomas Tyler lived in the said house. 
He sung the Bassus part, he there dyed, & was buryed 
Apr. 27 th 1627. After him Walter Meynill, a Clerk in the 
Registers Office of the bishop (which after was Mr. 
Newhouses Office, and now is Mr. Gabriel Newhouses 
Office) lived, & dyed in it the 19 th of Jan. and was buryed 
the day after vz l the 30 th of Jan. 1640, these 3 one after 
another marryed y e same woman, to wit, Anne who was 
first wife and then Widdow to y e said Nicholas Shuffield 
whose Virgin name was Teasdale. 



Read " Sheffield. 



mickleton's additions TO DAVIES. l<).S 

There was a stone wall that went from this outshot MS. Gough, 
... . r . . TT . . i'ii r i Durham, la 

Northward of the Window, that inclosed part or the 

Churchyard, and the said Song school, in which wall or 

inclosure there was a door to go out and in to the said 

house and garden, but there was no door out o( the Song 

School into the Churchyard, or this Inclosure ; The wall 

or inclosure was pulled down in K. Charles y e 2 lU time, 

and the said house, in which these 3 lived, was pulled 

down An° 1686, and the ground upon which it stood layd 

open with the rest of the Churchyard. 

This book must have been wrote much later than 1 593 Opp. p. 47. 
as Mr. Mickleton has said it was in the title page, unlesse 
this account of the breaking down Nevills Crosse in 1639 
has been an Addition of the editor John Davies/ R.G. 

1 It was onely this memorial beginning p. 37. y l was 
collected in 1593* and the abovementiond-addition must 
have been made to it by y c Editor. 1 

The four Bells that hung in the Gallilee Steeple, were Opp. p. 66. 
first, the Great or Gallilee Bell, which was given by Prior 
Fosser.* 2. St. Bedes bell. 3. St. Oswalds bell. 4. a 
Long bell, which was a narrow skirted but well tuned bell, 
and was the last Bell that was left in the Gallilee Steeple 
untaken down. But in Febr. 163^8* it was taken down, the 
other bells having been taken down y e January before. 

The Galilee bell being to be hung in y c Steeple or 
Belfrey in the Lantern of the Church, (which Belfrey was 
supposed to be built by Bp. Skirlaw, who mostly built y e 
Clovsters, and whose Coat of Armes in severall times in 
every of the Cioysters sett & painted in the middle beams, 
or {blank) in each of the said cioysters, tho others say that 
Hugh Derlington* 14 th prior of Durham made the great 
Belfrey) it, vzt. the Gallilee bell was designed to be chipt 
into tune, but by chipping it was made so thin that it was 
not thought serviceable, so that one Thomas Bartle a 
plummer cast that Galilee bell over again, and the said 
last standing bell i.e. the long bell was broke into pieces, 
and the half oi her among other things was put into 

' In another h.itulwnt m 



l66 RITES OF DURHAM. 

MS. Gough, Galilee bell to be cast over again and the other half of y e 
"' said long Bell was put into other bells which were cast. 
There were 4 bells in all that were cast in the Guest Hall, 
one of St. Michael, and the said Gallilee Bell, St. 
Oswalds, and St. Bedes. At Candlemasse after Thomas 
Bartle had cast the said bells, he dyed, and was buryed in 
the Cathedrall Churchyard, and the said Gallilee bell was 
rung out for him, and so the other bells. That of St. 
Bede hangs now in the Steeple or Lantern of the Church 
towards the East part there, t'is called the Fifth and is 
circumscribed thus 

Olim Campana Boni Bedse Decanus et Capitulum 
Dunelm. refecerunt a.u. 1665. 

p. 68. The Galilee bell hangs there towards the West and is 
called The Seventh Bell 

Olim Campana D.D. Joh. Fosser et Joh. Hemming 1 
Prior Dunelm. vulgo Galilea quam refecerunt Decanus 
et Capitulum Dunelm. a.d. mdcxxxii. 

Master of The Church coat of Armes upon it. Note that Dr. Spark" 

Hospitall. suffragan bishop to bishop Tunstall caused these bells to 

be carryed out of the Gallilee Belfrey, which otherwise 

would have been broken and sold, and placed them in the 

great Belfrey of the Cathedrall. v. p. 67. 68.* 

The said Galilee bell which Bartle cast, is the great bell 
now hanging in the Lanterne, whose tongue was broke, 
ringing for William Willson, Sunday Nov. 30 th 1690 the 
day his body was found and buryed. 

That of St. Michael hangs to y u North, & is called the 
4 th Bell, it is circumscribed 

Olim Campana S li Michaelis a.d. mdcxxxii Decanus 

et Capitulu refecerunt. 
with the Churches coat of Armes upon it. 

That of S l Oswald hangs to the South it was crackt 
ringing the Peel at the buryall of John Harrison Clerk of 
the Bow Church the 25 th of May 1638, and after it was 
cast y e 25 th of September 1639, by one Robert Oldfield 
who came out of Lancashire,' and he mistook in the 

' John Hemyngburgh, 1391 — 1416. 



mickleton's additions to DAVIES. i<>7 

casting it, wanting mettle enough, and so cast it over 5*s. Gougb, 

L. . . i i r i i I ^ll ll.im, I.', 

again Novb. y e 3 d 1639. and then afterwards was new and 
badly cast in the Bow church in Decb r 1OK2, and recast 
again in March after bv the selfsame person, to witt John 
Pattison, who was a Taylor, and son of Christofer Pattison. 
There was another |ohn Pattison who alter lie had been 
Major of Durham, became Submaster of the plain Song & 
writing School under Mark Leonard the Master thereof, 
there was writt about St. Oswallds bell 

Olim Campana S li Oswaldi, quam fieri fecit Robertus 
de Dunelm. Decanus et Capitulum refecerunt A. D'ni. 
1632, atque iterum 1639. et tertio 1682. 
The churches Coat of Armes is upon it. 

The Third bell i.e. y L ' six a clock bell hangs 
it is circumscribed 

Olim Campana S tj Benedicti, quam fieri fecerunt Decanus 
et Capit. Dunelm. A° 1664. 

The second bell hangs ' has a Coat of Armes 

upon it, to witt quarterly 3 Lyons, & 3 fl. de Lys, circum- 
scribed thus in Saxon letters 

Xomen Domini sit Benedictum. 

The first, to wit, the least bell hangs 
and is commonlv calld St. Margarettes bell. 

(Galilee) Now called the Bishops Consistory. P- 73- 

(same work but) tljat at the North door as bigg again as p . 101. 
the other. 

Unguis Griffonica* in Bibliotheca Cotton, olim Dunel- p. no. 
mensis Ecclesia? peculium. 

The Roman Catholicks say he was not buried in the p- '°°. 
same place where his shrine stood, but keep it a secrett j^ ote 
among themselves where his body now Ives, however, '733- 
I had it from D r Hunter, one verv inquisitive into these 
things, and who was informed so by some o( his popish 
acquaintance, that while the Visitors expected the return 
of thcyr Messenger w ,h the kings commands from London, 
some of the Monks found means to steal the Body out of 
the Revestry, and buried it at the foot of the Stairs marked 

' Blank space in MS. 



l6S RITES OF DURHAM. 

R. Gale's U 1 in the corner of the South transept of the church near 
' the Clock : That they buryed it within the Staircase to 
prevent its being- discovered by the breaking up of the 
pavement : That he once surprised a Lady at her devotions 
turning herself that way, who after confest to him that the 
Saint reposed thereabouts, tho' she could not exactly tell 
the spott where, that secrett being onely entrusted to two 
monks at a time, and when either of them died the Survivor 
imparted it to another, in order to perpetuate the tradition. 
R.G. 1733. 



See tin- [chnography of the church pretixt to this book. U. 



i6q 
IX. MS. Notes in the Editor's Copy of Hunter's 

EDITION OF 1733. 

(Written about 1 77<>)- 

On back of title. 
Hail, happy Durham, art and Nature's care 
Where Faith and truth in Noblest height appeare 
Unequal Were as by her Walls it runs — 
Looks up and wails with tears her ruind Sons — 
Whom She gave Life and now their Death doth mourn 
And ever weeps o'er Beda's Sacred urn — 
Camb : Brittannia — 
Voll. 2<i. 

p. 27 (Ch. XIII). 
Chamber over the West end of the Revestry] Now the Boys 
Room. 

(Probably the Choristers' vestry). 

p. 69 (Ch. XXIII). 
the Parlour) This Parlour is now Boulby's Register Office. 

p. 73. (Ch. XXVI). 
Pliilippius Pp/seopus] N. This Phillip dying under the 
Popes displeasure is supposed to have been buried 
in the Church Yard near the North door and the 
statue vulgarly called Hobby Pellel is very probably 
his Effigie.* 

p. 77 (Ch. XXIX). 
Dean Whittingham] a Rank Whigg. 

p. 87 (Ch. XXXIII). 
the Parlour Door] Now the Register Office. 
Dean Home] A Great Villian. This same Dean Home, 

Stole the Money from his breth'en at Geneva: and 

ran away with it at the Reformation. 
Dean 1 1 T hittingham | A Great Villain of the Geneva Gang. 

p. 89 (Ch. XXXVI). 

The East Allev\ Arms remain'g in the East Alley of 
Cloysters in 1776. Skirlaw Neville Dacres Dud- 
ley E. of North' 1 . Vere & many shields Obliterated. 



170 RITES OF DURHAM. 

p. 92 (Ch. XXXVIII). 
Tobias Mathew] Not much better than his predecessors 
Home & Whittingham. 

Frater house] Now the Dean & Chap'. Library. 

p. 99 (Ch. XLII, Hunter's addition, see note). 
the Song-school] Old Song School— now morn'g prayr 
chapp 1 . 

p. 102 (Ch. XLIV). 
Rev. Jonathan Hall, D.D.] Doct 1 Fothergill now. {D y 
Fothergill was installed 27 May, 1775). 

p. 104 (Ch. XLVI). 
The Infirmary] The Infirmary is now a part of M r Rob- 
son's house. 

p. 107 (Ch. XLVIII). 
a little Vault] Now a part of the Dean's Kitchen. 

p. no(Ch. LV). 
the Litigate] Now Bow Lane. 

The Sacrist's Exchequer] Door now walld up. 

p. 142 (Desc. of Windows, S. Alley of Quire). 
the Arms of . . . our Lady] Azure a heart Gu : 2 Wings 
Or. sword prop. {Sketch) I take this to be the Arms 
of Our lady as simply called. (In a later hand) 
What stuff is this. 



171 



X. P'tinecia ad altare s'ci Job. baptiste & sancte 
Margarete ad ix altare i eccl'ia cath. Duelm. 

(MS. Harl. 5289). 

In pmis vnu missale ex dono Joh. poris. 

+ It' ij vreeoli argentei «S: deaurati (+ delib at d'no 

deca° p vno Calic. COpo) (dos decani 

It' j paxbrede* argent' c\: deaurat' a " au " m 

t . • - I o j 1 alios vs ) 

It j pua capana argent ec deaurat 

It' j vestimetu eu alba &c ptinec' de rubeo velueto & le 
orfrC de nigra velueto eu noib3 Ihu & marie eoro a t(' instf 

It' j vest' de blodio serieo eu 01b? ptin' de eod' eolore. 

{I)i margin) cart 2 vest' q* delib. Dn° deea u 2^ noveb. A° MrWhithed 
, ' ' do decan 

do 1 1 =S45- ... -, , 

u ~^ s bt axit dun 

It' j vest' de rubeo serieo cu arborib' intextf & e. ptin' vestimeta hie 
ei^d. colons 24novebi s 

1545 el dedit 

It' j vest' de albo serieo cu oib^ alijs ptin' e*M. coloris a iijs aitarib 
It' i vest' de viridi serieo cu albis & rubijs canib? & gallis ^ or;i ' °„ 

mteXtt. mltis alijs. 

It' j alt cloth duplic' cu frontello de colore cv ope px' 
pd'eis 

It' j alt cloth duplic' cu frontello de velueto dillsor' 
color' 

It' j candelabra de latone p cereo ponendo 

It' j candelabru de laton p yeme 

-f It' j pixis de ligno p pane suando 



172 RITES OF DURHAM. 

XI. Extracts from a Durham Missal written in 
the fourteenth century. (British Museum, Harl. 
5289. )' 

[In die Purification^.] 

Hail. MS. /// die purificacionis beate marie si dies dominica fuerit 
t'l/jSor m &sa matutinali cantata benedicatur aqua. Et si epis- 
copus presens fuerit non aspergatur ante terciam. dicatur 
oracio : Exaudi nos. post oracionem dicatur. Deus in 
ad iu tori urn et eat statim sacerdos cum portitore crucis per 
officina sicut mos est in dominicis diebus : Redeunte 
sacerdote cum ministris canant cum aliis terciam : ueniente 
episcopo aspergatur aqua benedicta. post aspersionem aqua 
benedicantur candele : Si festum purificacionis infra \lxx.\ 
contigerit dicta tercia : ponatur ante altare tapetum. et 
fo. 481. pojnantur candele et benedicantur ab episcopo uel priore : 
cum capa. uel a sacerdote albis (sic) et stola tantum induto. 

Denedic domine ihesu christe hanc creaturam cere 
supplicacionibus nostris. et infunde ei per uirtutem sancte 
crucis bene>J<diccionem celestem : ut qui earn ad repellen- 
das tenebras humano generi tribuisti talem signaculo crucis 
tue fortitudinem et bene>J<diccionem accipiat. ut in 
quibuscumque locis accensa. siue posita fuerit. discedat 
diabolus et contremiscat. et fugiat pallidus cum omnibus 
ministris suis de habitacionibus i I lis : nee presumat 
amplius inquietare uel inludere seruientibus deo. 2 Proinde 
supplices quesumus te domine ut emittas sanctum angelum 
tuum Raphaelem qui euulsit et reppulit a sara et tobia 
demonem mortiferum eos infestantem. conterat ilium et 
disperdat de cunctis habitacionibus colencium deum de 
fo. 48 1 x'. basilicis. de domibus. de angulis. de / lectulis. de 
refectoriis. de uniuersis locis in quibuscumque deo 
famulantes habitant, et requiescunt. dormiunt. uigilant. 
ambulant, et consistunt : nee ualeat i lie malignus amplius 
inquietare. uel pauores immittere super illos quos sancti 
earismatis tui unccione fecisti esse munitos. 



1 Comparative Tables of these offices found in English liturgical books, 
together with notes upon the services, may be found in the Westminster 
Missal, iii. 14J4 (Henry Bradshaw Society, 1897). 

To this point the prayer is almost as in Missale Sarum, ed. Dickinson, 
Burntisland, 1861 — 1883, col. 697. 



DURHAM .MISSAL. 



16 



Benedico te cera in nomine dei >J« patris omnipotcntis ct Hari. MS. 
►J« filii eius unigeniti et spiritus ►{« sancti paracliti. ut sis 
ubique diaboli effugacio. atque omnium contubernalium 
suorum exterminacio. adiuuante eadem sancta el indiuidua 
trinitate que in unitatis essencia. uiuit et regnat in secula 
seculorum. Amen. 

Oracio : 

Llomine 1 sancte pater omnipotens eterne deus qui 
omnia ex nichilo creasti. et iussu tuo per opera apum 
hunc liquorem ad perfeccionem cerei euenirc fecisti et qui 
hodierna die peticionem iusti symeonis implesti. te 
humiliter deprecamur : in has candelas ad usus hominum 
et sanitatem corpore ct animarum sine in terra, siue in 
aquis per innocacionem sanctissimi nominis tui. et per 
intercessi onem sancte marie semper uirginis cuius fo. 482. 
hodie festa deuote celebramus et per preces omnium sanc- 
torum tuorum bene^dicere et sanctificare >{« digneris. et 
huius plebis tue que illas honorifice in manibus desiderat 
portare. teque laudando exultare. exaudias uoces de celo 
sancto tuo. et de sede maiestatis tue. et propicius sis 
omnibus clamantibus ad te quos redemisti precioso 
filii sanguine tui. Qui tecum uiuit et regnat in imitate 
spiritus sancti. 

Oracio. 

Omnipotens 2 sempiterne deus qui hodierna die unigeni- 
tum tiiuin ulnis sancti symeonis in templo sancto tuo 
suscipiendum presentasti. tuam supplices deprecamur 
clemenciam ut has candelas quas nos tui famuli in tui 
nominis magnificencia suscipientes gestare cupimus luce 
accensas bene»f«dicere et sancti»J«ficare atque lumine 
superne benediccionis accendere digneris : quatinus eas 
tibi domino deo nostro offerentes digni et sancto igne 
dulcissime caritatis succensi in templo sancto glorie tue 
representari mereamur. per. 



1 See Missale Sarum, col. 698. 
• Missale Sarum, col. 698. 



174 RITES OF DURHAM. 

Harl. MS. Oracio. 

5289. "p\ .... 

fo. \S2v. Uomine 1 lhesu chnste creator cell et terre. rex 

reeum. et dominus dominancium exaudi nos indigmos 

famulos tuos clamantes et orantes ad te. Precamur te 

domine omnipotens et eterne deus qui omnia ex nichilo 

creasti : et iussu tuo opera apum ad perfeccionem cerei 

uenire fecisti. et qui hodierna die peticionem iusti symeonis 

implesti. ut has candelas ad usus corporis et animarum 

siue in terra siue in aquis per inuocacionem sanctissimi 

nominis tui et per intercessionem sancte marie genitricis 

tue cuius hodie festa percolimus ac per preces omnium 

iustorum bene>{«dicere et sanctificare »J« digneris : in hac 

plebe tua illas manibus portando tu exaudias uoces 

illorum de sede maiestatis tue. propiciusque sis omnibus 

clamantibus ad te saluator mundi. Qui cum patre. 

Oracio. 

lNmense 2 maiestatis tue misericordiam obsecramus 
omnipotens deus : ut qui uerum lumen dominum nostrum 
ihesum christum hodierna die cum nostre substancia carnis 
in templo representari atque diu desideratum beati symeonis 
fo. 483. brachiis amplecti uoluisti. mentis nostre / sensus dono 
tue gracie illuminare digneris : quatinus hos cereos 
tua benedictione sanctificatos ferentes. castitate securitate 
tuique amoris caritate exuberantes nosmetipsos hostiam 
uiuentem sanctam tibique ex[h]ibere ualeamus placentem. 
per eundem. 

Tunc aspergantur aqua benedicta et thure adoleantur et 
illuminentur et interim canatar A\ntiphona\. 

Lumen ad reuelacionem cum psalmo. Distributis cereis et 
cantata. A\ntiphond\ Lumen cum psalmo.?* dicatur hec 

Oracio CUm Dominus uobiscum. 

Oracio. 

Omnipotens sempiterne deus qui unigenitum tuum ante 
tempora4 de te genitum set temporaliter de maria uirgine 
incarnatum lumen uerum et indeficiens ad repellendas 

1 Cf. Missale Sarum, col. 698. 

2 Missale Westm. col. 623. 

3 Psalmo, i.e., Nunc dimittis. 

4 Missale Sarum, col. 702. 



DURHAM MISSAL. 175 

humani generis tenebras. et ad intendendum lumen fidei Hari. ms. 
et ueritatis misisti in mundum concede propicius : ut 5 " ''' 
sicut corporali ita eciam interius luce spirituali irradiari 
mereamur : per eundem dominum. 

net secundum alios post distribucionem dicatur isle 

\\ersus\ 

Benedicta tu in mulieribus. 
Kyrieleison. Christeleison. Kyrieleison. 
Pater noster. 

El HO IIOS. 

\'. Post partum. 

Oracio. 

ELrude 1 quesumus domine plebem tuam / et que extrin- fo. 4837'. 
secus annua trihuis deuocione uenerari intercedente beata 
dei gen i trice semper uirgine maria interius assequi gracie 
tue luce concede, per. 

[Feria ouarta in capite ieiunii.] 

Feria .Hi; in capite ieiunij. post sextam pulsetur unum 
de maioribus signis quoadusque /nitres conueniant in 

ecclesiam et facia 11 1 imam oracionem breuem. 

Qua peracta : episcopus stoiam liabeus et mitram. ucl 
prior sine alius sacerdos stoiam tautum prosternat se super 
tapetum ante altare cum suis miuistris. fratres uero in 
choro prosternant se super for mas canentes .vij psalmos 
penitenciales cum. Gloria patri. 

fin His an tern psalm is dicatur ah omnibus A[ntiphona\. 
Ne reminiscaris 
cum 

Kyrieleison. Christeleison. Kyrieleison. 
Pater noster 

post hec episcopus uel qui loco it Hits est surgens dicat 
pieces et oraciones que secuntur hoc modo. 

Et ne nos. 

Saluos fac seruos inos. 

Conuertere domine usquequo. 

Mitle i-is domine auxilium ilt- sancto. 

Domine exaiull. 

Dominus uobiscum. 

' Missale Ebor. (Suit. Soc. 1874) ii. 19. Some read Exattdi, 



1/6 RITES OF DURHAM. 

Had MS. Oracio. 

5289. 

ELxaudi 1 domine quesumus preces nostras et confitencium 
tibi parce peccatis. ut quos consciencie reatus accusat. 
indulgencia tue miseracionis absoluat. per. 

Oracio. 

fo. 4S4. 1 reueniat 2 hos famulos tuos quesumus domine 

misericordia tua : ut omnes iniquitates eorum sceleris 
indulgencia deleantur. per christum. 

oracio. 

r\desto4 domine supplicacionibus nostris : nee sit ab 
hiis famulis tuis clemencie tue longinqua miseracio sana 
uulnera eorumque remitte peccata. ut nullis iniquitatibus 
a te separati. tibi domino semper ualeant adherere. per 
christum. 

oracio. 

Domine 5 deus noster. qui offensione nostra non 
uinceris set satisfaccione placaris. respice quesumus hos 
famulos tuos qui se tibi grauiter peccasse confitentur. 
tuum est absolucionem criminum dare et ueniam prestare 
peccantibus qui dixisti penitenciam te malle peccatorum 
quam mortem, concede ergo domine hiis ut tibi penitencie 
dignas excubias celebrent : et correctis actibus suis conferri 
sibi a te sempiterna gaudia gratulentur. per christum. 

oracio. 

LJeus 6 cuius indulgencia nemo non indiget memento 
famulorum tuorum et qui[a] lubrica terrenaque corporis 
fragilitate nudati in multis deliquerunt : quesumus ut des 
ueniam confitentibus parcas supplicibus. ut qui suis 
fo. 484^. / mentis accusantur tua miseracione saluentur. per domi- 
num. 



1 Missale Sarum, col. 131. Missale Ebor. i. 45. Missale Westm. ii. 546. 

2 Missale Sarum, col. 132. Missale Westm. ii. 547. 
1 Read celeri. 

* Missale Sarum, col. 131. Missale Westm. ii. 547. 

s Missale Sarum, col. 132. Missale Westm. ii. 547. 

6 Missale Sarum, col. 132. 



DURHAM MISS.M,. \~- 

absolucio, h.u-i. ms. 

A , . . . . ... S - K ''- 

/Absokumus » uos uice beati petn apostolorum pnncipis 
cui dominus potestatem ligandi atque soluendi dedit. et 
quantum ad uos pertinet accusacio : et ad nos remissio sit 
deus uobis uita et salus et omnibus peccatis uestris indul- 
tor. Qui uiuit. 

Or emus. 

C_)mnipotens a deus qui dixit qui me confessus fuerit 
coram hominibus confitebor et ego eum coram patre meo. 
ipse uos benedicat et custodiat semper detque uobis 
remissionem omnium peccatorum uestrorum et uitam 
eternam. amen. 

hid peractis surgant omnes ab oracione et benedicat 
sacerdos cineres. Benediccio cum 

Adiutorium nostrum in nomine domini. 
Sit niomen domini benedictum. 

Dominus uobiscum. 

Ore mus. 

V_ymnipotens-+ sempiterne deus parce metuentibus. pro- 
piciare supplicantibus et mittere dignare sanctum angelum 
tuum de celis qui benedicat et sanctificet hos cineres : ut 
sint remedium salubre omnibus nomen tuum sanctum 
humiliter implorantibus ac semetipsos pro consciencia 
delictorum suorum accusantibus / atque ante conspectum fo. 485. 
diuine clemencie tue facinora sua deplorantibus uel 
serenissimam maiestatem tuam suppliciter obnixeque 
flagitantibus. et presta per inuocacionem sanctissimi 
nominis tui ut quicumque eos super se asperserint pro 
suorum redempcione peccatorum corporis sanitatem et 
anime tutelam percipiant. per dominum. 

or emus. 

LJeus5 qui non mortem set penitenciam desideras 
peccatorum fragilitatem condicionis humane benignissime 
respice. et hos cineres quos causa proferende humilitatis. 

' Missale Sarum, col. 132. 

■ Evesham Hook (Henry Bradshaw Society), p. 79. 
1 Read, \w>. 

4 Missale Westm. ii. 552. 

s Missale Ebor. i. 44. Missale Sarum. 133. Missale Westm. ii. 553. 
12 



178 RITES OF DURHAM. 

Hail. MS. ac promerencle uenie capitibus nostris irnponi decernimus 
9 ' benedicere pro tua pietate dignare ut qui nos esse in 
cineres prauitatis nostre merito et in pulueres reuersuros 
cognoscimus peccatorum omnium ueniam et premia peni- 
tentibus repromissa misericorditer consequi mereamur. 
per dominum. 

oracio. 

LJeus ' qui humiliacione flecteris et satisfaccione pla- 
caris. aurem tue pietatis inclina precibus nostris et 
capitibus famulorum tuorum horum cinerum aspercione 
attactis effunde propicius graciam tue bene»J<diccionis : ut 
fo. 4857;. eos et spiritu / compunccionis repleas et que iuste 
pecierint efficaciter tribuas. et consessa perpetua stabilitate 
intacta manere decernas. per. 

oracio : 

Omnipotens 2 sempiterne deus qui niniutis in cinere et 
cilicio penitentibus indulgencie tue remedia prestitisti 
concede propicius : ut sic eos imitemur habitu. quatinus 
uenie prosequamur obtentu. per. 

Delude prior reuertatur in chornm et mittat cineres super 
capita fratrum suorum. dicendo. 

Memento homo quia cinis es : et in cinerem reuerteris : 

Interim cantetur A\ntiphona\ 

Immutemur 

cum uersibus psalmi 

Deus misereatur nostri 

quantum opus fuerit : quo facto, prosternant se fratres 
super form as dicente sacerdote 

Ostende nobis 

et in conuentu respondeatur 

Et salutare tuum da nobis. 

Kyrieleison. 

Pater noster. 

Et tie nos. 

Et ueniat super nos misericordia tua domine 

Dominus uobiscum 



1 Missale Ebor. i. 46. Missale Westin. ii. 552. 
'* Missale Romanum 1474, and later editions. 



DURHAM MISSAL. 179 

ore ill us Harl. MS. 

M c . . . 5289 ' 

emor esto quesumus domine fragihtatis humane et 

qui iuste uerberas peccatores : intercedente beatissima ct 

gloriosa semperque uirgine maria et omnibus Sanctis nobis 

peccatoribus parce propicius : et afflictis / ut qui iuste fo. 486. 

nostris meritis affligimur, tua sancta miseracione redempti 

hie et imperpetuum saluemur. per. 

[Dominica in ramis palm arum.] 

■ Dominica in ramis palmarum expleta missa matutinali. 
fiat benediccio sal is et aquc adquam sin/ omnes albis paratis* 
induti. dam can/an/. A[nti/>lionam] 
Asperses me : 

pulsetur signum ad terciam. post aspersionem aquc dicat 
sacerdos oracionem Exaudi nos. 

Deinde reuertatur ad locum suum et incipiat terciam. 
Qua incept a. uadat cum portitoribus ague et cruets per 
o])icin us claustri sicut mos est in dominie is diebus. Sacer- 
dote cum ministris redeunte in chorum per ostium retro 
chorum canal terciam cum aliis et dicat capitulum et 
collectam ad horam pertinentem. 

Cantata liora cum psalmis familiaribus' accedat sub- 
diaconus ante gradus manipulam in brachio habens et sine 
tunica legal sine tilulo leccionem sequentem. 

V enerunt 1 fllii israel. in helym israel in 

deser turn sin: uespere car/nes edere .... fo. 4861-. 

Et ecce gloria domini : apparuit in nube. 4 7 * 

Lecta leccione exeunt seruituri de candelabris et t/iuribulo 
et slat im cum eis accedat diaconus. sine dalmatica et 
incensato analogio legal ewangelium. Cum appropinquasset 2 
quere supra dominica prima in aduentu. 

Lecto eivange/io : exeat lector cum candelabris. sicut 
intrauil. set thuribularius remaneat propter incensionem 
palmarum proximo sequentem. postea accedat episcopus sine 

' Exod. x\. 27 — xvi. 10. 
Matth. xxi. 1 — 9. 



l8o RITES OF DURHAM. 

H.iri. MS. prior capa indutus cum stola sine manipula. uel sacerdos 
cum stola et manipula set sine capa. et benedicat pal mas et 
frondes ante altare super tapetum sicut infra continetur. 
fo. 4877-. Exorcizo 1 te creatura florum et frondium / in nomine 
*%> dei patris omnipotentis. et in nomine f%* ihesu christi 
filii eius. et in uirtute spiritus tj< paracliti : Exorcizo te 
omnis uirtus aduersarii. omnis exercitus diaboli. omnis 
spiritus inimici. omnis incursio demonum eradicare et 
explantare ab hac creatura riorum et frondium : ut ad dei 
graciam festinancium uestigia non sequaris : interdico tibi. 
per eundem dominum nostrum ihesum christum qui 
uenturus est. 

Oracio. 

wmnipotens 1 sempiterne deus qui in diluuij effusione 
noe famulo tuo ostendisti per os columbe gestantis ramum 
oliue pacem terris redditam. te supplices domine depre- 
camur : ut has spatulas palmarum seu frondes arborum 
quas ante conspectum glorie tue offerimus ueritas tua 
sanctifi»J<cet. ut deuotus populus in manibus eas suscipiens 
benediccionis tue graciam consequi mereatur : per. 

oracio. 

CJmnipotens sempiterne deus flos mundi. odor suaui- 
tatis. et origo nascencium qui omnia legis et prophetas 
oracula in filii tui domini nostri ihesu christi humilitate 
declarasti quique eciam uenienti ierosolimam deuotam illi 
fo. 488. cum ram is palmarum ac misticis lau/dibus hodierna 
die obuiam fecisti turbam procedere : respice propicius ad 
debitam populi tui seruitutem et huius creature nouitatem 
tua uirtute sancti>J<fica. Et sicut tunc prions populi gratus 
tibi extitit huius deuocionis affectus : ita nos quoque nunc 
in veritate confessionis nominis eius. hec eadem per 
reuoluta tempora frequentantes : purificatis sensibus 
dignum tibi deferamus obsequium. Et uelud florum 
uarietate piis uernantes studiis sarcina carnis deposita cum 
odore bonorum operum in celesti ierusalem eidem filio 
tuo domino nostro ualeamus occurrere. Qui tecum uiuit 
et regnat. 

1 Missale Sarum, col. 255. 



DURHAM MISSAL. |8l 

oracio. Harl. MS. 

ens' cuius 11 1 ins pro salute generis liumaui de celo 
descendit ad terras, et appropinquante liora passion is sue 
in ierosolimam in asino sedens uenire. et a turbis rex 
appellari ac laudari uoluit. Bencdicere ^ dignare hos 
palmas eeterarumque frondium ramos : ui omnes qui eos 
laturi sunt, ita benediccionis tue done repleantur quatinus 
et in hoc seculo antiqui hostis temptamenta superare et in 
futuro cum palma uictorie et fruetu / bonorum operum fo. 4887;. 
ualeant tibi apparere. per eundem. 

oracio. 

LJeus 1 qui dispersa congregas et congregata conseruas. 
qui populis tuis obuiam ihesu ramos portantibus benedixisti 
lK v ne>J«dic eciam et hos ramos palmarum atque arborum 
quos tui famuli ad nominis tui benediccionem suseipiunt. 
ut in quemcunque locum introducti fuerint tuam bene»J< 
diccionem habitatores illius loci omnes consequantur ita ut 
omni aduersa ualitudine effugata : dextera tua protegat 
quos redemit. per eundem. 

Hie aspergatur aqua benedicta et \ad\oleatur thus postea 
subiungatur oracio. 

Dominus uobiscum 

V_Jmnipotens 2 sempiterne deus qui dominum nostrum 
ihesum cliristum hodierna die super pullum asine sedere 
fecisti. et turbas populorum uestimenta uel ramos arborum 
in uia sternere et osanna decantare in laudem ipsius 
docuisti : da quesumus ut illorum innocenciam immitari 
possimus et eorum meritum consequi mereamur. per 
eundem. 

post hec diuidantur floras * * * 

Dominica in rumis palmarum flat missa niatutiiiatis dc fo. 134W. 
ipsa dominica cum una cottccta. et sine pussionc set cum 
emangelio quodi legatur ad matutinas ad priuatas missus 

' Missale Sarum, col. 256. 
Missale Ebor. i. 85. 

1 See the Durham Breviary, Harl. 4664, fo. 73- 1' appears to be ihe 
gospel for thf firsi Sunday in Advent, Cum appropinquasset. See above, 
p. 179. 



1 82 RITES OF DURHAM. 

Hari. MS. similiter dicatur una collecta. Passionem uero nullus 
5 legat: nisi f rater qui infirm is cantat. Expleta missa 

Fo. 135- matutinali. fiat benediccio salis / et ague, et aspersa 
aqua dictaque oracione. Exaudi nos. ut solet incipiat 
sacerdos horam. Qua percantata : accedat subdiaconus 
manipulam in brachio habens et sine tunica et legat ante 
gradus pauimenti sine titulo leccionem Venerunt filij israel 
in helym. quere leccionem hanc et cetera que pertinent ad 
benediccionem palmarum in fine libri.* 

hits ita peractis : distribuantur rami palmarum et frondes 
aliarum arborum. Interim incipiat cantor. A\ntiphona\ 

Pueri hebreornm. 

postea exeant ad processionem sicut plenius notatur in 
ordinali. 

facta autem stacione et finitis kit's que cani debent ad 
nutum cantoris accedat diaconus dalmatica indutus et petita 
benediccione ab episcopo si presens fuerit : analog[i]um 
incenset. et legat evoangelium sequens scilicet Turba multa. 
ad quod ewangelium preferantur textus ewangeliorum et 
luminaria et incensum. Delude fiat sicut continetur in 
ordinali.* ewangelium Secundum Iohannem 

Turba multa &c. 

[In Cena Domini.] 

to. 488^. r In cena domini dictis vij. psalmis penitentialibus cum 
A[ntiphona\ 

Ne reminiscaris. 

et cetera, sequitur. 

Kyrieleison. 
fo. 489. Pater / noster. 

qua dicta : surgat prior uel sacerdos dicens ante altare. 

Et ne nos inducas. 

Tu mandasti mandata tua domine. 

Domine non secundum peccata nostra facias nobis. 

Saluos fac seruos tuos. 

Conuertere domine usquequo. 

Esto eis domine turris fortitudinis. 

Mitte eis domine auxilium de sancto. 

Domine exaudi oracionem meam. 

Dominus uobiscum. 



DURHAM MISSAL. 183 

A. . ..... . . Hart. Ms. 

desto 1 clomine supplicaciombus nostris : et me qui 5289. 

eciam misericordia tua primus indigeo clementer exaudi et 

quern non eleccione meriti. set done gracie tue constituisti 
operis huius ministrum da liduciam tui muneris exequendi. 
et ipse in nostra ministerio quod tue pietatis est operare. 
per dominum. 

oracio. 

I resta 2 quesumus domine famulis tuis dignum peni- 
tencie fructum : ut eeelesie tue sancte3 a cuius integritate 
deuiarant peeeando : admissorum reddantur innoxij ueniam 
consequendo. per christum. 

Alia oracio. 

LJeus-' humani generis benignissime conditor et miseri- 
cordissime reformator. qui hominem inuidia diaboli ab 
eternitate deiectum unigeniti filij tui sanguine redemisti. 
uiuifica hos famulos tuos quos tibi / nullatenus mori fo. 4891-. 
desideras : et qui non derelinquis deuios. assume cor- 
rectos. Moueant pietatem tuam quesumus domine horum 
famulorum tuorum lacrimosa suspiria. tu eorum medere 
uulneribus. tu iaeentibus manum porrige salutarem. ne 
ecclesia tua aliqua sui corporis porcione uastetur. ne grex 
tuus detrimentum sustineat. ne de familie tue dampno 
inimicus exultet : ne renatos lauacro salutari mors secunda 
possideat. Tibi ergo domine supplices preces tibi fletum 
cordis effundimus. tu parce confitentibus : ut sic in hac 
mortalitate peccata sua te adiuuante defleant : quatinus in 
tremendi iudicii die sentenciam dampnacionis eterne 
euadant. et ne sciant quod terret in tenebris. quod stridet 
in flammis. et ab errorum uia ad iter iusticie iam reuersi : 
nequaquam ultra nouis uulneribus saucientur : per 
christum. 



oracio. 



Propiciare domine trementibus atque supplicibus sub 
sentencie tue expectacione. et ad humilitatem iacencium 
sulleuandam dexteram salutis extende : nobis semis tuis 



' Misaale Sarum, col. 398. Missale Ebor. i. 95. 
Missale Ebor. i. 95. 
WViim. adds hen reconciliati. 



184 RITES OF DURHAM. 

Harl. MS. quesumus apostolice potestatis claues / sacerdotalis officii 
fo.4go. ministros. non eleccione meriti set dono gracie tue 
constituisti : da fiduciam tanti muneris exequendi. et ipse 
in nostro ministerio quod tue potestatis est operare. 
Agnosce piissime pastor oues tue redempcionis : et con- 
strictos uinculis peccatorum ecclesie tue precibus exoratus 
absolue redeant ad unitatem ecclesie tue. et post illam 
diram inopisexilii famem redeuntes. ueste splendida ornati 
paterno gaudeant receptos se esse conuiuio. Nichil de 
honore adopcionis. nichil de hereditatis sorte perdiderint 
set integrum sit eis atque perpetuum : et quod gracia tua 
contulit : et quod misericordia reformauit. per eundem. 

oracio. 

LJeus 1 misericors deus clemens qui secundum multitu- 
dinem miseracionum tuarum peccata delinquencium deles, 
et preteritorum criminum culpas ueniam remissionis 
euacuas. respice super hos famulos tuos: remissionem sibi 
omnium peccatorum suorum tota cordis confessione 
poscentes deprecatus exaudi renoua in eis piissime pater 
quicquid terrena fragilitate corruptum. uel quicquid dia- 
fo. 490^. bolica fraude uiolatum / est : et in unitate corporis 
ecclesie tue membrorum perfecta remissione restitue. 
Miserere domine gemituum. miserere lacrimarum et non 
habentes fiduciam nisi in tua misericordia: ad sacramentum 
reconsiliacionis admitte. per christum dominum. 

oracio. 

IVlaiestatem 1 tuam domine supplices deprecamur : ut 
hiis famulis tuis longo squalore penitencie maceratis 
miseracionis tue ueniam largiri digneris ut nupciali ueste 
recepta : ad regalem mensam unde eiecti fuerant mereantur 
introire. per. 

oracio. 

LJominus 1 ihesus qui discipulis suis dixit, quecumque 
ligaueritis super terram erunt ligata et in celis. et que- 
cumque solueritis super terram : erunt soluta et in celis. 

' Missale Ebor. i. 96. 



DURHAM MISSAL. 1S5 

Do quorum numero quamuis me indignum et peccatorem Hari. MS. 
ministrum tamen esse uoluit. Intercedente eiusdem dei 
gen i trice tnaria cum omnibus 'Sanctis: ipse vos absoluat 
per ministerium meum. ut ah omnibus 1 peccatis uestris 
quecumque cogitacione. aut locucione. aut operacione 
negligenter egistis atque a uinculis peecatorum uestrprum 
absolutes : perducere digneturad regnum celorum. 

1 1 bsolucio. 

/\.bsolucionem a et remissionem omnium peecatorum 
uestrorum percipere merea mini bic et ineternum. amen. fo. 491. 

[In Sabbato Sancto.] 

■ /// sancto sabbato pasche dicta nana cant fratres in 
dormitorium a quo reuertentes pergant ad lauatorium. 

Dcindc />a/xatis tabu/is ad missani : in chorum conucniant 
facientes breuem oracioncm et post induantur onmes a/bis 
para/is et in cJwnim redeant. Hiis expletis eant ad locum 
ubi ignis sacrari debet cantore incipientc. psalmum 

Miserere mei deus 

preccdentibus portitoribus cruets et aque benedicte et 
lanteme. quant feret magister puerorum qui ebdoma[da]rius 
fuerit. et haste et thuribuli uacui eosque sequatur. Prior 
cum stota et capa net saccrdos qui ce/ebraturus est sine 
capa. set cum sto/a et manipula. Dcindc sequatur cou- 
ncil t us preccdentibus scnioribus. jinito psalmo prcdicto cum 

Gloria patri 

subiungatur 

Kyrieleison. Christeleison. Kyreeleison 
Paler noster 

deinde subiungat saccrdos 

Domtnus uobiscum 

oracio. 

Lseus 3 qui per tilium tuum angularem scilicet lapidera 
caritatis ignem tuis tidelibus contulisti productum e. 
scilicet nostris profuturum usibus nouum bunc ignem 

'— ' Added in upper margin in fourteenth century band. 

Miss. ile Ebor. i. 96. 
Missale Ebor. i. 1 10. 
4 Read, productum e silice. 



l86 RITES OF DURHAM. 

HarljMS. sanctifica. et concede nobis ita per hec festa paschalia 
fo. 49/7'. celestibus desideriis inflammari. ut ad perpe/tua festa 
purgatis mentibus pertingere ualeamus. per eundem. 

oracio. 

Ueus omnipotens. deus abraham. deus ysaac. et deus 
iacob : inmitte in hanc creaturam incensi uim odoris tui 
uel uirtutem. ut sit seruis tuis uel ancillis munimen. tutela- 
que defensionis. ne intret in uisceribus eorum hostis. 
aditumque et sedem aliquando habere possit. 

oracio. 

Uomine 1 deus noster pater omnipotens lumen indeficiens. 
conditor omnium luminum. exaudi nos famulos tuos et 
benedic hunc ignem. qui tua sanctificacione atque bene- 
diccione consecretur. tu illuminans omnem hominem 
uenientem in hunc mundum. illumina consciencias cordis 
nostri igne tue caritatis : ut tuo igne igniti : tuo lumine 
illuminati. expulsis a cordibus nostris peccatorum tenebris 
ad uitam te illustrante peruenire mereamur eternam. per 
eundem christum. 

oracio. 

L/omine 2 sancte pater omnipotens eterne deus bene- 
dicere et sanctificare digneris ignem istum quern nos 
indigni per inuocacionem unigeniti filij tui domini nostri 
fo. 492. ihesu christi benedicere presumimus / tu clementissime eum 
tua benediccione sanctifica. et ad profectum humani 
generis prouenire concede, per eundem. 

Sacrato igne aspergatur aqua benedicta. et de carbon ibus 
illius ignis impleatur thuribuliim et t/rure iniecto incenset 
ignem. Deinde accendantur candele in hasta. et alia in 
/anterna et cerei. Hiis ita gestis precedentibus iunioribus 
reuertantur sicut solent ferialibus diebus quando processio 
agitur precedentibus duobus fratribus cantando ympnum : 
fnuentor rutili. conuentu repetente primum uersuin. 

fo. 179. / * * * 

' Missale Sarum, col. 3^5. 
Missale Ebor. i. 1 10. 



DURHAM MISSAL. 1N7 

/ N sancto sabato pasche dicta nona : reuertantur fratres '-'..s,,. 
in dormitorium a quo descendentes pergant ad lauatorium. 
Deinde pulsatis tabu/is ad missam in chorum conueniant 
facientes breuem oracionem et post induant se omnes albis 
paratis : et in chorum redeant. I His gestis cunt ad locum 
ubi ignis sacrari debet, cantore incipiente Psalmum 

Miserere 

cum 

Gloria patri. 
Kyrieleison. 

Pater no.ster. 

precedentibus portitoribus cruets ct aquc benedicte et 
lanteme qua in ferret magister pucrorum qui ebdomadarius 
est et haste et thuribuli uacui. eosque sequatur. Prior cum 
stola et capa net sacerdos qui celcbra turns est sine fo. 179V. 

cupci set cum stola et manipula. Deinde sequatur conuentus 
precedentibus senioribus. Sacrato igne uspergatur aqua 
benedicta. et de carbonibus i/lius ignis impleatur t/iuribulum 
et thure iniecto incenset ignem. Deinde accendantur can dele 
in hasta et alia in Ian tenia et cerei. Ad hanc enim pro- 
cessional! portantur candelabra cum cereis non illuminatis 
usque scilicet ad locum ubi benedicitur ignis ubi illuminantur 
omnes candele. Hiis ita gestis precedentibus iunioribus 
reuertantur sicut solent ferialibus diebus quando processio 
agitur precedentibus conuentum duobus fratribus cantando 
ympnum 

Inuentor rutili. 

conuentu repetente primum uersum. 

Cum conuentus in chorum uenerit ipsi qui ympnum 
cantant ad gradus cant ibique unuin uersum uel quantum 
canton' uisum fuerit canant. Jinito cantu si episcopus 
presens fuerit sedan suam intrel cum capa et mitra. 
c.xpectans donee ueniat ante cum benediccionem petens is 
qui cereum consecrare debet, si uero absens fuerit episcopus. 
prior ucl is qui missam celebrat statim cum processio 
intrat ecc/esiam ad reuestiarium eat cum co qui cereum fo. 1S0. 
benedicturus est. ibique sol/empniter uestiti procedant ad 
allure, ibique diaconus petal benediccionem ab eo qui celebrat 



l88 RITES OF DURHAM. 

Had. MS. c ( benedicat cereum. Cum tcmpus fuerit : defcretur ei 
9 ' thuribulum. silicet cum dixerit. Suscipe sancte. et incenset 
cereum* set prius celebraturus incensum ponat. et cum 
dictum fuerit. Rut Hans ignis, accendatur. benediccione per- 
acta, diaconus deposita ibi dalmatica ad altare redeat. 
Cereus uero uon extinguatur usque in eras tin um post 
uesperas. Benediccione itaque peracta exeat episcopus si 
celebrare uoluerit cum eo qui cereum consecrauit et priore 
et archideacono. et ceteris clericis episcopi ad preparandum 
se. et statim inchoetur. leccio j". lecciones legantur sine 
titulo in capis. Episcopus uero sollempniter uestitus. 
diaconus sine dalmatica. Prior et archidiaconus in capis. 
et ceteri uestiti procedant ad altare. 

leccio prima. 

IN 1 principio creauit deus celum et terram .... Et 
fo. i8oj'. uidit deus lucem / quod esset bona .... secundum 

fo. 181. S p ec j em suam / uidit deus Et fac/tum est uespere 

fo. 182 et escam / et cunctis ab uniuerso opere 

quod patrarat. 

oremus. 

LJeus 2 qui mirabiliter creasti hominem. et mirabilius 
redemisti : da nobis quesumus contra oblectamenta peccati 
mentis racione persistere. ut mereamur ad gaudia eterna 
peruenire. per. 

leccio ij. 

fo. 182?'. F actum est in uigilia ad egypcios / super 

currus .... Tunc cecinit moyses et filii israel carmen 
hoc domino : et dixerunt3 

Tractus 

V_^aiitemu.s domino gloriose enim honoiificatus est equum et ascensorem 
proiecit in mare. 

V. Adiutor et protector factus est mihi in salutem. 

V. Hie deus mens et honorabo eum deus patris mei et exaltabo eum. 



1 Genes, i. 1 — 31 ; ii. 1 — 2. 
- Missale Sarum, eol. 344. 
"■ Exod. xiv. 24 — 31 ; xv. i. 



DURHAM MISSAL. I 89 

V. Dominus conterens bella dominus nomen est illi. Harl. MS. 

Iste tractus cantefur a duobus in albis similiter et tres fo. 183. 
seqttentes. 

oracio. 

Ueus 1 cuius antiqua mfracula eciam nostris seculis 
choruscare scntimus : dum quod uni populo a persecucionc 
egypcia liberando dextere tue potencia contulisti. id in 
salutem gencium per aquam regeneracionis opcraris : 
presta ut in abrahe filios. et in israeliticam dignitatem. 
tocius mundi transseat plenitude, per. 

leccio iij. 

/Vpprehendent 2 septcm mulieres . . . spiritu ardoris. 
et creabit . . . absconsionem a turbine et a pluuia. fo. 1831: 

Tractus. 

\J Inea facta est dilecto in cornu in loco uberi. 

V. Et maceriam circumdedit et circumfodit et plantauit uineam soretfa 
et edificauit turrim in medio eius. 

V. Et torcular fodit in ea uinea enim domini sabaoth domus israel est. 

oracio. 

LJeus^ qui nos ad celebrandum paschale sacramentum 
utriusque testamenti paginis instruis.4 da nobis intelligere 
misericordiam tuam : ut ex percepcione presencium 
munerum : firma sit exspectacio futurorum. per. 

leccio Hi/. 

Iiec5 est hereditas seruorum domini .... laborem 
uestrum non in saturitate .... sic erit uerbem meum fo. 184. 
quod egredi etur de ore meo. Dicit dominus omnipotens. fo. 184V. 

Tractus. 

/xttende celum et loquar audiat terra uerba ex ore meo. 

V. Exspectetur sieul pluuia eloquium meum et descendant sicut ros 
uerba mea. 



1 Missale Ebor. i. 118. -' Isaiae iv. 1 — 6. 

Missale Ebor. i. 119. * imbuisti : Sarum, Ebor, 

[saiae liv. 17 — lv. 1-11, 



190 RITES OF DURHAM. 

Harl. MS. V. Sicut ymher super gramma et sicut nix super fenum quia nomcn 
5289. domini inuocabo. 

V. Dale inagnitudinem ' deo nostro deus uerax opera eius et uie eiiis 
iudicia. 

V . Deus fideliy in quo non est iniquitas iustus et sanctus dominus. 

oracio. 

IJeus 2 qui ecclesiam tuam semper gencium uocacione 
multiplicas. concede propicius : ut quos aqua baptismatis 
abluis. continua proteccione tuearis. per. 

leccio v. 

/Audi israel 3 mandata uite . . . oculorum et pax. 
fo. 185. / Ouis inuenit . . . possessionis eius. / . . . . et Magnus 
%' l8 ol'" israel e/lecto suo. Post hec super terram uisus est : et 

IO. I b6. ' r 

cum hominibus conuersatus est. 

Tractus. 

Oicut eeruus desiderat ad f'ontes aquarum ita desiderat anima mea ad 
te deus. 

V. Sitiuit anima mea ad deum uiuum quando ueniam et apparebo 
ante faciem dei mei. 

V. Fuerunt mihi laerime mee panes die et nocte dum dieitur miehi per 
singulos dies ubi est deus tuns. 

oracio. 

Omnipotens sempiterne deus respice propicius ad 
deuocionem populi renascentis : qui sicut eeruus aquarum 
tuarum expetit fontem : et concede propicius ut fidei ipsius 
sitis baptismatis misterio animam corpusque sanctificet. 
per. 

finita ultima oracione : exeat episcopus sicut intrauit. 
Cantor uero uocatis ad se tribus tie I quatuor fra tribus 
incipiat leta?iiam in capis. trinos sanctos de quolibet ordine 
sumentes. Si autem episcopus absens fuerit : cum incipitur 
tetania is qui celebrat cum diacono inuestiat. descendat et 
deposita casula et stola intret in chorum set prior non 

1 magnificentiam : Ebor. 

2 Missale Ebor. i. 1 19. 

3 Baruch iii. 9 38. 



DURHAM MISSAL. 191 

incepta tetania: fratres accedant ad formas sicut in xij. |Iarl - Ms - 
leccionibus. Ad singula sanctorum nomtna chorus inclinet. 

can tores ad nullum. Cum dixcrint Omnes sancti. c.xeant fo. 186. 
omncs qui ad missam sint seruituri. cum dixcrint. 
Accendite. accendantur luminaria. Accendite. tribus uicibus 
alta uocc pronunciula intrct episCQpUS cum ministris suis 
sollcmpnitcr indutis ct clcricis suis in capis ucl co abscnte 
saccrdos cum ministris suis. ct incipiat cantor festiue 
Kyrieleison 

post Kyrieleison incipiatur Gloria in excelsis dec nicensctur 
altare ct pulscutur omnia signa ad Kyrieleison ct Gloria in 
excelsis ct Alleluia stct tolas conucntus 

oracio. 



1 /eus qui banc sacratissimam noctem. 



|de s. cuthberto] 

Feria v" de caritate ojficium f°- 4^7- 

Karitas dei diffusa est. 
[At end of postcommunion follows] 

Sed secundum consuetudinem dunclm. ecclesie in omni fo. 428. 
feria v" uacante per annum exceptis aduentu, Ixx" et xl" 

celebratur de sancto cuthberto ojficium 

Statuit ei. 

[feria vi de cruce 
sabbato de sancta maria] 



WORKS MOST FREQUENTLY QUOTED IN THE 
FOLLOWING NOTES. 

TITLK. QUOTED AS 

Account Rolls of Durham Abbey. Surtees Soc. Durham, 

1898—1901 ... ... ... ... ... Rolls. 

Billings, R. W. Architectural Illustrations and Descrip- 
tion of the Cathedral Church at Durham. London, 
1843 ... ... ... ... ... ... Billings. 

Bradshaw, Henry, and Wordsworth, Chr. Statutes of 

Lincoln Cathedral. Camb., 1892 — 97 ... ... B. and W. 

Carter, John. Plans, Elevations, etc., with some Account 

of the Cathedral Church of Durham. Lond., 1801... Carter. 

Greenwell, W., M.A., etc. Durham Cathedral. Durham, 

1 897 ... ... . . ... ... ... Greenwell. 

Hutchinson. History, etc., of Durham. Newcastle, 

1785 — 94 ... ... ... ... ... Hutchinson. 

Lanfranc. Decreta pro ordine S. Benedicti, printed in 
Reyner, 211 — 254; in Wilkins, I, 328 — 361 ex MS. ; 
Dunelm. B. iv. 24, fo. 47 ; and in Migne, P.L. 150, 
443 ff. (c. A.D. 1220) ... ... ... ... Lanfranc. 

Legg, J. Wickham, and Hope, W. H. St. John. Inven- 
tories of Christ Church, Canterbury. Westminster, 
1902 ... ... ... ... ... ... L. and H. 

Pugin, A. W. Glossary of Ecclesiastical Ornament, 

etc. London, 1844 ... ... ... ... Pugin. 

Raine, James, M.A. A Brief Account of Durham 

Cathedral, etc. Newcastle, 1833 ... ... Raine, Br. Ace. 

Raine, James, M.A. Saint Cuthbert. Durham, 1828 ... Raine, St. Cuth. 

Reynerus, Clem. Apostolatus Benedictinorum in Ang-lia. 

Duaci, 1626 ... ... ... ... ... Reyner. 

Rock, Daniel, D.D. Church of our Fathers. Lond., 

1849 ... ... ... ... ... .. Rock. 

Scriptores Trcs. Surtees Soc. Lond., 1839 ... ... Scr. Tres. 

Wilkins, D. Concilia Magnse Britannise et Hiberniae. 

Lond., 1737 ... ... ... ... ... Wilkins. 

Wordsworth, Chr. Notes on Mediaeval Services. Lond., ; 

1808 ... ... ... ... ... ... Wordsw. 



NOTES ON THE TEXT. 



i, pp. 1—3. 

Written 1503], So also MS. H. 44, and see below, cb. xv, p. 29; also App. 

VIM, p. 161. 
The g altars]. The eastern transept of Durham Cathedral has received this 
name from the nine altars that originally stood in it. There is a 
similar eastern addition at Fountains Abbey, of somewhat earlier 
date, called Novem a/taria in the Chronicles of the Abbey, but 
unaccountably termed "The Lady Chapel" in the earlier editions of 
VValbran's Guide. Each of the nine altars at Durham, save that of 
St. Michael, had a dedication in honour of two saints, as stated in the 
text. In connexion with the building-, see App. VI, particularly Nos. 
I, 11, p. 148. Five of the altars were dedicated 16 Kal. Jul. (June 16), 
1253, Xo. viii, p. 151. 
front or highest part]. The eastern wall of the "Nine Altars," on the 
internal face of which may still be seen the string-course rising from 
the bases of the vaulting-shafts to the tops of the altars. — Billings, PI. 
xvii, xx, lxiv, Ixvii. The expression " in fronte " is used in the same 
way as it is here, in Indulgences, Nos. VIII, XVIII, xxxi, App. VI, pp. 
'5*i »53i '54- 
the altar of St John Baptist & St Margarett\. A missal that belonged to 
this altar still exists (MS. Harl. 5289; see App. XI, p. 172). In it 
is an inventory of the goods belonging to the altar, which may give 
an idea as to what the others had. See Appendix X, p. 171. This 
altar and that of St. Andrew and St. Mary Magdalene were 
dedicated 7 Kal. Jan. (St. Stephen's Day), 1274; see Indulgence No. 
xxxi, App. VI, p. 154. 
an Ambry set]. The expression points to a wooden construction ; there 
is no recess in the wall at this point, but the stone bench has been cut 
away. For other wooden almeries not enclosed in walls, see 
chapters 11, XVII, XXII, xxxix, XL. There must have been many such 
almeries in all churches, and some few have remained, as those at 
Selby, which are on the north side of the high altar. These have 
vertical sliding doors ; there is also a long almery, with a hinged door, 
fov the abbot's crosier or for the processional cross. In the 
small vestry behind Bishop Fox's altar in his chapel at Winchester 
are small almeries or cupboards, the fronts of which are ornamented 
with the linen pattern. Behind the high altar of the same church is 
the base of a long, narrow cupboard entered by a door at either end. 
It is of stone, 16 ft. 9 ins. long, and 1 ft. 10 ins. deep, and was 
evidently a relic-cupboard with grates in front like one in the north 
transept at Gloucester. Ox\ the relic-cupboard formerly at Canter- 
bury, see L. and H., 37, 39, 82. On the almeries formerly in the 
Galilee, see below. 
Singing-breacis\. The wafer-bread used in the celebration of mass, which 
was commonly sung, though often said. This bread was made in 
thin, coin-like, round cakes like what are now used, with some sacred 
symbol impressed upon each one. The} were carefully dried, rather 

l 3 



194 RITES OK DURHAM. 

than baked, between the " obley-irons," which were irons that closed 
upon them and gave the impress. Some of the breads were made 
larger, to be used by the priest alone ; the smaller were for the 
communion of the people. In the accounts of the Prioress of Pray (S. 
Maria de Pratis), near St. Albans (Dugd., Mon., 1817-1830, III, 359) 
we find " pd. for howselyng brede synging brede and wyne vd. ob. " 
From this it has been inferred that singing-bread was the priest's host, 
and houseling bread that which was given to the people. This 
distinction may have been sometimes made, but certainly "singing- 
bread " was a term used of all altar-bread both before and for some 
time after the Reformation, and even to denote wafers for sealing 
letters. So the French oublie, a wafer, is from oblata, an obley or 
host. (Rock, I, 153 — 156; Scudamore, Notitia Eucharistica, part II, 
ch. xv, sect. ii). In the west wall of the south transept of Durham 
Cathedral is a fireplace supposed to have been used for heating the 
obley-irons. It is not mentioned in Rites. See further in a note on 
ch. xvi, p. 218. Part of the chimney that belonged to the fireplace 
in the destroyed vestry of the Lady chapel at Winchester still 
remains. An oven exists in the vestry at Hulne, and in that of St. 
Peter Mancroft, Norwich. In a large room at Castle Acre, supposed 
to have been the Sacrist's checker, was found a fireplace with an 
oven at the side, 1 foot in diameter, having a domed roof 16 inches 
high. — Norfolk Archceology , XII, 123. Obleys were sometimes bought 
ready made. In 1545 we find a payment at Durham "Roberto 
Hackett pro hostiis consecr. 1200, xij<f.," and again to him "for 
fower hovndrith breydes, w]d." See above, p. 97, and Rolls 
under Hosts, Obleys, Singing-breads. There are very minute 
directions for the making of obleys in Lanfranc, cap. vi, and in the 
Consuetudinary of Abbot Ware (end of 13th century). — Cotton MS. 
Otho, C. xi, cap. vi, fo. 34. See also Sir E. M. Thompson's 
Customary of . . . St. Augustine's, Canterbury, and St. Peter's, West- 
minster, H. Bradshaw Soc, 1902, p. 119, and Alcuin Club Tracts, I, 
third ed., p. 68. 

a /aire marble sto)ie\. Neither this tombstone nor that of Bishop Beck now 
exists. "When the church was flagged after an uniform plan, 
within the memory of persons still alive, many monumental slabs, 
worth}' of preservation, were destroyed, and others were injudiciously 
removed from their places into the spaces between the pillars of the 
nave and other retired corners which they now occupy." — Raine, Br. 
Ace, 12. 

the wall beinge broken]. The writer is here following what appears to have 
been a common opinion in his day, but the doorway referred to, now 
walled up, is, like the one at the opposite end, evidently a part of the 
original design. 

allye\. The walk immediately west of the eight wainscot partitions that 
divided this entire transept into nine eastern chapels. It turned round 
eastward at either end, forming "the north alley" and "the south 
alley" of the Nine Altars. 

shrines]. Here we are probably to understand canopies. 

otter head]. These canopies were probably flat at the top, with some sort 
of cresting, and coved or vaulted underneath, like that of Our Lady's 
Altar in the Galilee, described below. 



NOTES ON THE TEXT. 1 95 

partition of wainscoft]. The floor has been renewed and raised, and there 
are no precise indications of the fixing of these partitions. At 
Fountains there were perpent walls with gabled copings ; at some 
late period these were replaced by wooden screens extending west- 
ward to a long parclose. —Hope, Fountains, 27, 30. At Rievaulx the 
five eastern altars were divided by perpent walls of stone, continued 
westward with wood, to meet a great cross screen or parclose. — 
Rievaulx Cartulary (Suit. Soc), vol. 83, pp. cxi, 336. For similar 

arrangements at Abbey Dore and Lincoln, sec Hope's note. 

pictured and guilted\. There arc remains of colour about the stonework 
over where t ho altars stood. 

lockers or ambers]. Like the one mentioned above ; note, p. 193. 

in Ihc wall]. There are three square recesses to the left of three of the 
ahars. As the sides are not grooved, they probably had wooden 
linings in which shelves were fixed. For the corresponding provision 
at Fountains, see Hope, 30, 31. 

St Katherns window]. Mentioned in 1545 as "ye windoo in the Kateron 
whey 11." — Rolls, 727. This may have been originally wheel-shaped 
with radiating shafts, like others of the period, as, for example, that in 
the north transept of Beverley Minster, or that in the west front at 
Peterborough, a design which would keep in mind St. {Catherine's 
Wheel. The glazing was done at a cost of ^14, given by Tho. 
Pikeringe, rector of Hemingburgh, 1409-12. — Liber Vita?, 115. The 
present stone-work (36 lights) was made by Wyatt in 1795, and the 
glazing is modern. 

24. lights]. Either this is a mistake for thirty-six, or the present design is 
different from that which preceded it. The other window, in which 
the legend was represented, is described again below, p. 1 19. 

as shee was sett uppon the wheele, etc.]. See Legenda Aurea, Leg. CLXVII, 
according to which account she was afterwards beheaded with a 
sword, and angels carried her body to Mount Sinai. The once 
popular legend of St. Katherine is still contained in the Roman 
Breviary ; it is given more fully in those of Sarum and York. 

cressctls of Earthen met tall]. Basins of earthen material standing in the 
iron frame. Stone is classed as " mettell " in ch. XVII. A similar use 
of the word metal has survived in the term road-metal. At p. 24 
it is used of the material of the miraculous Rood of Scotland. Cressets 
were often made of stone, a square block having from four or five to 
sixteen (or more?) hemispherical cavities worked in it, each to 
contain grease and a wick. Such stone cressets were used in the 
Lantern, ch. xui, and in the Dorter, ch. XXIII, and in many other 
places about the Abbey. See Rolls, Index under Cressets. Such have 
been described and figured by Mr. Lees in the Cumberland and 
Westmoreland Transactions, Vol. Ill, pp. 194 — 196; see also Arch. 
Association Journal, XXII, 103. There are cresset-stones in situ in the 
atrium of S. Ambrogio, Milan, at Lewannick in Cornwall, and one, 
not in situ, at Wool Church, Dorset (Cornhill Mag. Nov. 1890, p. 
193). There is one in the York Museum, also a fine example with 

nine holes at Furness Abbey One was found at Waverley in 1899, 



196 RITKS OF DURHAM. 

moveable, for four lights. Proc. Soc. Ant. Lond. 2nd Ser. XVIII, 201. 

There were some at Abingdon. Accounts, Camd. Soc, 61, 62, 87. 
south alley end]. The end of the Nine Altars where the south alley was, 

the south end in fact. 
St Cuthberts Window]. This description might have been written for the 

St. Cuthbert's window in York Minster, on which see Yks. Arch. 

Journal, IV, 249 — 376, and XI, 486 — 499. Raine gives a list of 

armorial bearings noticed in the tracery of these windows by 

Dugdale in 1666. — Br. Ace, 73. 
storye ofjosepli]. Probably including the New Testament anti-types. 

II, pp. 3—7. 

feritoryc]. As the "Nine Altars " transept was so called from the altars it 
contained, so the raised enclosure at the back of the High Altar was 
called the " Feretory," not only from the great shrine in the midst of 
it, but from any others that were kept there, as at Winchester, and 
even at Gloucester, where they had no great shrine. In the same 
way the term "High Altar" has often been applied to the area in 
which the holy table stands. L. and H., 251. 

quadrant forme]. Quadrate or quadrilateral ; so the courts or yards about 
Hulne Abbey are said in a survey to be "of quadrant fashion." 

shrine]. The great shrine, large enough to contain the entire body and the 
relics kept with it. There were such at Canterbury, York, 
Winchester, Oxford, Bury, St. Albans, and Westminster. That at 
Westminster was restored after a fashion in 1556 ; there are two 
representations of an earlier shrine of St. Edward from a 13th century 
MS. in Scott's Gleanings, 1863, pp. 136, 138. The stone substructures 
of the two at St. Albans, and portions of that of St. Frideswide in 
the Cathedral at Oxford, were reconstructed as far as possible a 
few years ago. There is a drawing of the Canterbury shrine in 
Cotton MS. Lib. E. viii, fo. 269, engraved in Dugdale's Monasticon 
and elsewhere, but best in Stanley's Memorials, 1865, p. 228; this is, 
however, considered to be untrustworthy, not to say imaginary. 
There are some good representations of the Durham shrine in the 
nth century in MS. Univ. Coll. Oxon. clxv, one of which is 
reproduced in Yks. Arch. Journal, IV, 341. It shows the stone 
substructure with a flowing cloth hanging about half way down, on 
which is set the shrine itself, with panelled sides and imbricated roof. 
The Rolls are full of interesting references to the shrine. See the 
Index thereto, under Shrine. The Purbeck marble ground-course of 
the substructure was recovered trom St. Cuthbert's grave in 1899, 
and is now lying on the floor of the Feretory. This formed part of 
the "novum opus marmoreum et alabastrinum sub feretro Sancti 
Cuthberti," for which John Lord Nevill paid more than 200/. of silver, 
and which he sent in chests by sea to Newcastle, the Prior conveying 
it by waggons to Durham. Scr. Tres, 135 ; Archceologia, LVII, n — 28. 

seatcs or places conuenient]. Recesses in the stone or marble substructure 
on which the shrine proper usually stood. 

sittinge on theire knees]. A local expression for kneeling. To bow or lean 
forward as in curtseying is in Durham folk-speech "to kneel." In a 
Langholm proclamation it was said "they shall sit down on their bare 



NOTES ON II IK TEXT. 1 97 

knees" (.V. <■- Q, 8th S. II. (84). In the Metrical LifeofSt. Cuthbert, 
I. 6241, we read " And on |>air knees I'.ii sett |>aim doune," and below, 
ch. v, "sittings downe uppon his knees . . . did creepe away uppon 
his knees" ; so in ch. vi, etc. The same expression is used in the 
Kirk Session Records of Baltnerino under 1649 and 1658, quoted in 
James Campbell's Baltnerino and its Abbey, 205, j 1 ; v 

euen in iheise latter day es\. E.g., in 1502 ; see note p. 211, and Scr. Tres, 152. 

the history of the Church at large]. Mentioned again a little lower clown, 
p. 6, and in ch. xxvii (where see note), and ch. XXVIII. 

a little altar]. As was usual. Such little altars are represented al the ends 
of shrines in the St. Cuthbert's and St. William's windows at York. 
This particular one is described as "alt are sancti Cuthberti, ad caput 
sancti Cuthberti situatum." — Scr. Tres, App., p. ccclxxxviii. A little 
altar has been set up at Westminster at tin- bead of Si. Edward's 
shrine at coronations. A permanent altar, in Irish black marble, was 
provided for the coronation of Edward VII, under the direction of 
.Mr. J. T. Micklethwaite, F.S.A. 

S' Culhberts day in lent]. March 20, Which always fell in Lent, as Easter 
Day cannot fall earlier than March 22. The other feast of St. 
Cuthbert, that of his Translation, was on Sept. 4. 

fralcr house]. See ch. XXXIX. 

the couer]. When let down, it would rest on the substructure on which the 
shrine stood. 

a pully wider ye Vanlt\. The pulley may have been fixed in a hole now 
visible in the top of the Vault, immediately east of the middle arch 
between the Choir and the Nine Altars. The " rota in volt a " is 
mentioned in Rolls, p. 441. 

a loope of Iron]. There are several holes in the pillar ; in one of these the 
loop may have been fixed. 

firmer staves]. So in the case of St. Bede's shrine. See ch. Lit. 

Brattishing], Properly board-work, a wooden parapet ; here apparently a 
cresting. "Brandishing" is a corrupt form of "Brattishing." See 
\. E. D. 

alt eucry corner . . . a locke\. There were probably four different locks 
with as many keys, kept by four persons. 

alnteryes of fine wenscote]. The marks on the floor, where these were fixed, 
are clearly visible. 

all the holy relieves]. There are lists of Durham relics in Trin. Coll. Camb. 
MS. O. ,5, 35, C. 1150, which formerly belonged 10 Finchale, in MS. 
Eccl. Ebor. XVI, 1, 12, printed in Scr, Tres, App., p. ccccxxvi, and the 
Liber de Reliquiis of 1383 in MS. Eccl. Dunelm. B. 11, 35, printed in 
Smith's Bede, p. 740 ; Rolls, 425 — 440 ; transl. in Raines St. Cuthbert . 
p. I2i. Some of the most important of the relics are mentioned in the 

Anglo-Saxon poem De Situ Duneltni printed in the Surtees Symeon, 

p. 153, in a short list in the Rolls edition of Symeon, I. [68 [c. 1150), 
ami elsewhere. For a Finchale Inventory, including relics preserved 
there, A.D. 1481, see Ditrh. Arch, Soc. Trans., IV, 134, and tor other 

relic-lists, Rolls, 953, 



198 RITES OF DURHAM. 

french p'eir]. A name for the Neville screen, ch. in ; Billings, PI. xxviii — 
xxxiii. Not derived from its being supposed to be made of Caen 
stone, but from franche peer, free-stone, superior stone (N. E. D., under 
Frees/one). We find " a franche botras " in 1412, probably a buttress 
of freestone. — Raine, Catterick Church, 1834, p. 8. Some say it is 
Dorsetshire chinch, others Bedfordshire stone. The screen was made 
in London, and brought to Newcastle by sea, packed in boxes, at the 
expense of John Lord Neville, who had contributed £533 6s. 8d. 
towards the cost of it ( 1 372-1 380).— Scr. Tres, 135, 136. Rolls, Index 
under Reredos. The screen and its alabaster images appear to have 
been beautifully painted and gilded. Dr. Raine says that " the screen 
was originally painted with the most gaudy colours." — Br. Ace. , 41. 
Traces of these may have been seen when the whitewash was scraped 
off, ib., but no remains of such decoration, which may have been done 
in the 14th or in some later century, are now to be seen. In 1380-81 
a painter of Newcastle was paid 12^. for painting one of St. Cuthbert's 
birds (the Eider ducks of the Fame Islands) "pro exemplare pro le 
Rerdos." — Rolls, 591. In MS. Ebor. XVI, i, fo. i$v., is a short 
treatise De Avibus S. Cuthberti. 

2 dores]. One on either side of the high altar, to give access to or from the 
feretory, as at Westminster, Winchester, St. Albans, etc., and as is 
usual. So again in the case of the Jesus Altar, ch. XVII. 

the irons}. It would seem that there was some sort of an iron railing round 
the raised platform called the Feretory. In like manner St. 
Thomas's shrine at Canterbury was enclosed by a grate. Some 
time after the dissolution of the monastery the place of the Durham 
grate was occupied by handsome carved oak screen-work, swept 
away during the last century, when so much valuable woodwork 
was destroyed. A portion of this screenwork is preserved in ihe 
VJniversity Library. It is shown complete in Billings, PI. lxvii. The 
feretory is now surrounded by a modern stone coping. 

Ancient]. A corruption of Ensign. See N. E. D. 

y e battel done]. That of Neville's Cross or of Durham, fought in 1346. 
See ch. xn, xv. 

holy rood crosse]. See also ch. XII, XV. 

wrylhen]. Wreathed. 

loup of Iron]. There is no pillar immediately under St. Catherine's window, 
but there are holes in the pillars near, in one of which the loop may 
have been fixed. 

Ill, pp. 7 — 10. 
the antienl history]. Probably Scriptures Tres. See the next note. 
Laordose}. In the editions " Lardose," a doublet of Reredos, from Fr. 

L'arriere dos, or, as in Scr. Tres, 136, La Reredos. 
to the middle vault]. I.e., to the bottom of the triforium. 
curtaines or hanginges]. The curtains called riddels or costers, that hung 

originally from rods between four pillars at the corners of the altar, 

or, later, on rods projecting, as in this case, without front support. 

They had pairs of curtains of white silk and of linen at Canterbury. 

L. and H. 165. 



notes o.n; the text. 199 

a irvns fastened]. There are many marks and holes when- irons nave been 
fastened, and among these are two which may have served for 
tin- cahopy. The high altar here mentioned would be the one made 
in 13S0, ami dedicated in honour of SS. Mary, Oswald, and Cuthbert 
\S<r. Tres, 136). An earlier one, consecrated in 1240, was in honour 
ofSt. .Mary. App. VI, No. Ill, p. 150. 

that the pix did hange in it]. The Fix or Pyx was a box for tin- reser- 
vation of the Holy Eucharist ; a box so called was sometimes, 
however, used tor singing-bread ov relics, or even documents. It 
was made of some precious material, as gold, silver, beryl, crystal, 
or ivory, in well appointed churches, but there were in some churches 
11 full simple and inhonesl pixes, specially pixes of copper and 
timber" (Pugin, s.v. ). The Sacrament was not to be kept in a 
bursa or loculus, but in a fair pix with fine linen inside it, which pix 
was directed to be locked up in a " tabernacle," which appears 
sometimes to have been constructed o( wood, and sometimes to 
have been a locker in the chancel wall near the altar. The common 
English custom of suspending the pix was not in accordance with 
the above direction (contained in Peckham's Constitution Dig-nissi- 
nutm) and it was held by some to be open to objection, though 
having its advantages. — Lyndwood, Provinciate, lib. Ill, tit. 26 ; ed. 
1679, p. 248. We find in Rolls, " Corda pro Corpore Xt' pendente," 
179. On wall-lockers as "Sacrament-houses" see Walcott, 
Scot intonast icon, 33. Such Sacrament lockers are pretty common 
in Scotland, some of the 16th century being enriched by appropriate 
sculpture and inscriptions. They are usually near the north end 
of the east side of the chancel, and the small lockers found in 
English churches in the same place, or in the east wall, may possibly 
have been meant for the same use. In German}- the Sacrament was 
kept (in later times, at least) in a lofty tabernacle on the north side 
of the altar, called a Sakramenthaus. The present Roman custom is 
to have a Tabernacle at the back of the altar. 

a peUican\ There was a " pellican " . . . " feeding her yong ones with 
her own blood " in the Cathedral church in the 17th century ; see 
Cosin's Correspondence, Surt. Soc, I, ib8«. The Pelican " in her 
piety," wounding her breast with her bill to feed her young ones with 
her blood, was an expressive symbol ot Christ shedding I lis Blood 
for the world. This device was borne as his arms and used as .1 
badge by Richard Fox, bishop of Durham 1494-1502. It is to be 
seen wherever he did much building or other work, as at Corpus 
Christi College, Oxford, Durham Castle, Winchester, and elsewhere. 
And very possibly the pelicans mentioned here and in eh. vn were 
made at his suggestion. A tine Pelican of brass, of late Decorated 
character, still serves as the lectern in Norwich Cathedral. There is 
a good woodcut of it in Murray's Cathedrals, Norwich, PI. \i. For 
other examples see A'. 6 s (J. 9th S. IX, 375. 

the white cloth]. Such cloths are often mentioned in Inventories, anil one 
still exists at IJessett in Suffolk. See Alcuin Club Tracts, I, third ed., 
p. 30/. 

both the epistoler and the gospeller]. These offices continued in the New 
Foundation until they were abolished by the Chapter in 1884-5. 



200 RITES OF DURHAM. 

///c epistoler . . . alt ' j a row]. It is still the custom in Durham Cathedral 
for the clergy to go to and from the altar in single file, and one of 
the vergers before them with a tipt staff in his hand, but now the 
celebrant goes first. The officiating clergy went out under- the 
organ-screen and re-entered by the south quire door, namely the 
door in the screen between the aisle and the choir, within living 
memory, some of the older canons continuing to do so after others 
had begun to go direct from their stalls. This was a survival of 
going to and from the Revestry (demolished 1S02). Until the use 
of copes was discontinued (in 1759) they were put on in the Revestry, 
which was on the south side of the choir, immediately before the 
celebration of Holy Communion. • Carter drew a portrait of the 
verger who remembered the time when he used to vest the clergy 
with the copes, a comely old man in wig, bands, gown, and knee- 
breeches. — B.M. Add. 29.933, No. 70 verso. 

the office of the masse]. The Officium or Introit. 

which booke did seme for the pax]. After the prayer for peace that followed 
the commixtion of the elements in the mass, the priest kissed first 
the corporals, chalice, and altar, and then the deacon, who passed 
the actual kiss of peace to all in the choir, until about the 13th century, 
when the ancient practice of mutual salutation, founded on St. Paul's 
Epistles, primitive tradition, and the Apostolic Constitutions, was 
superseded by the use of an osculalorium or object passed round to 
be kissed by all in turn. In England this was called the tabula pads, 
pax-brede (-board), asser ad paceni , or pax, and was commonly 
made of wood, jet, metal, ivory, or glass, often with a representation 
of the Crucifixion upon it {Speaker's Com. on Rom. xvi, 16 ; 
Maskell, Ancient Liturgy, 1846, 116;/. ; T. J. Simmons' Lrty folks' Mass- 
book, 1879, p. 295; Pugin, s.v.; Rock,' Hierurgia, 107). Many 'highly 
prized Texts, with ivory, metal, or jewelled covers, also did duty as 
the Pax. One of the ancient MSS. of the Gospels now at Durham 
has the appearance of having been so used, at the picture of the 
Crucifixion. It may be the book here referred to. Sometime*;, as 
at Canterbury, a cover was used without a book inside. At Lincoln, 
the Texts of the deacon and of the subdeacon were kissed before 
the Officium and the Credo.— B. and W., I, 376, 379 ; Wordsw., 172. 

basons of sillier]. For the priest to wash his hands in ; this was another 
primitive practice, founded on Ps. xxvi, 6. It was done immedi- 
ately before or after the offertory, at Milan, immediately before Qui 
pridie, beginning the act of consecration, either at the water-drain in 
the south wall of the chancel, or at a basin held at the south corner 
of the altar, with suitable words, as, Munda me Domine, etc. (Sarum), 
Lavabo inter innocent es, etc. (Ebor. ). See Maskell, p. 62 ; Simmons, 
p. 252. In early times the priest washed his hands also after he had 
communicated ; this practice has survived in the rinsing of the 
fingers in the ablution of the chalice. After the ablutions the priest 
washed his hands again (Maskell, 134). Silver basins are often 
mentioned in the Inventories of great churches, e.g., St. Paul's, 
j 245, Archceologia, L, 469; Rolls, Index under Basins; Legg and 
Hope, Inventories, p. 72. 



NOTES ON THE TEXT. 201 

Cmitts], The larger cruets, like the gold chalice and larger basin, appear 
to have been used on "principal] days" for the more show; more 
wine and water would, however, be required on days when there were 
more masses. They were called " Urceoli ad vinum et aquam." 
— Legg and I lope, p. 7.V Sec Rolfs, Index under Cruets, and Plackets. 

shipps], Navicula or incense-boats, so called from their form ; the incense 
was taken out of these to be put into the censers. 

_■ . . . candlesticks]. Note that even for principal days on the High Altar 
ot Durham Abbey there were only two. In a council at Oxford in 
132a this direction was given, " Accendantur duse candelae vol ad 
minus una.'' In the representation of mass in aSarum missal printed 
at Rouen in [492 there are two candles, and so in illuminations and 
prints in service-books generally, and in inventories of parish church 
goods, e.g., those in Lincolnshire in 1566, " ij candellstickes, " passim. 
The first Injunctions of Edward VI, and Cranmer's Visitation 
Articles, continue to hand on the traditional two lights which have 
been provided for in the Church of England to this day. In small 
and poor country churches it was perhaps not unusual for there to he 
only one. In Mvrc's Instructions, E.E.T.S., 1. 1S75, we find " Loke 
|>at |'v candel o( wax hyt be." On the use of a single candlestick, 
see further, J. X. Comper, in Legg, Principles of Prayer Book, 1899, 
72. On great festivals and in great churches many extra lights were 
used on the beam, on the floor, or otherwise round about the Altar, 
but these were' ornamental, like the hanging lights in basins, and 
quite distinct from the altar-lights proper. On the whole subject 
of Lights, see Legg, tit supra, 68 — 81. Alcuin Club Tracts, I, third 
ed., p. 33. 

j quarters]. I.e., of a yard. 

taken in sunder with wrests], -Made to unscrew by means o( some sort of 
keys that fitted them, probably in order to be more easily cleaned. 
So the Pelican lectern in ch. VII. We find references in the Rolls to 
the " scouring of the Paschal " after the Dissolution. See Polls, 
Index under Paschal. 

stooles and funnels]. Stoles anil fanons or maniples. 

Crosses to bee borne]. Processional crosses were used from early tin.es. At 
first they were simple crosses, then the crucifix was introduced, and 
in the 15th century the figures o\ the Blessed Virgin and St. John 
were added on brackets. The Evangelistic symbols were placed on 
the four ends. The crux magna process ion id is et alia minor pro 
mortuis are mentioned among the things required for a parish 
church, in Peckham's Constitutions, .\.n. 1 a8o ( Wilkins, II, 4'))- See 
also Quivil's, 1287 (Ibid., 138). For processional crosses at Durham, 
see Polls, Index under Cross. There was a very fine processional 
cross with " Mary and John " at Ripon, in 1466, and there is one with 
the same figures (ancient) now at St. Oswald's, Durham (Pipon 
Chapter Acts, Surlees Soc, 205, 206, and note). 
IV, pp. 10 — 1 1. 

the pascatt]. For the great Easter candle that was consecrated on Easter 
Even and lighted with the new fire struck from Hint, beryl, or crystal, 
and blessed immediately before the blessing o( the candle. On this 



202 RITES OF DURHAM. 

rite see Pellicia, Polity of the Christian Church, tr. by Bellett, Loud., 
1883, pp. 366 — 369 ; Processionalc ad usum Sarum, Leeds, 1882, pp. 
74 — 82 ; Missale Sarum, Sabbato Sancto ; on the Paschal Candle- 
stick, Pugin, p. 47. In the ancient churches in Rome, the Paschal 
candlestick is a fixture, standing- beside the Gospel ambo, in England 
it was commonly moveable, and only brought out for the Easter 
season, as at Durham, ch. XI. — Rolls, 715, 720. It is mentioned in 
the lists of Church requisites in provincial constitutions, as in 
Wilkins, II, 49, 138. 
Maundye thursday]. It seems to have been set up on this day, to be ready 
for Easter Even. 

the first grees or slefip]. Apparently the lowest Altar-step. 

j basons of siluer]. Probably those which were presented by Bishop 
Pudsey (1153-95), described in Scriptores Tres, p. 11. "Fecit etiam 
in ecclesia coram altari tria ex argento baccilia, cum unciis suis 
argenteis, cristallis mixtim insertis, dependi, in quibus Iumina die 
noctuque perpetuo ardentia, ob venerationem sancti patris Cuthberti 
et reliquiarum, lucerent." De Moleon, Voyages lit urgiq ties, Par., 
1718, p. 318, speaking of Rouen, mentions " le Cierge Pascal entre 
le tombeau de Charles V. et les trois lampes ou bassins d'argent." 
See Rolls, under Basins. For candle-basins at Lincoln, see B. and 
W., I, 290, 364; II, 361. There are some excellent representations of 
hanging basins with lights burning in them in 13th century windows 
at le Mans. See the plates in Hucher, Vitraux Peints, Par., 1865. 
For the same at Canterbury see Farrar, Painted Glass in Canterbury 
Cathedral, 1897, PI. 27. In the Abingdon Rolls (Camd. Soc), p. 91, 
1422-23, we find, " In cereis pro bacinis emptis, ijs." Finally, see L. 
and H., 325. 

in the midst . . . a nick, etc. J. All this seems to show that at Durham 
the Paschal stood, not on the north side, as was usual, but in the 
middle, on a wooden platform set with its four corners pointing 
N., S., E., and W., the six branches spreading north and south, being 
merely ornamental adjuncts to the central branch, which served as 
the actual Paschal candlestick in later times. The Durham Paschal 
was no doubt originally one of the great seven-branched candlesticks 
introduced in the twelfth century as part of the Judaizing movement 
of that period. — L. and H., Intr., 45. " The custom at Durham 
of using the seven-branched candlestick for the Paschal was 
exceptional, and probably of comparatively late date, when the 
significance of the candlestick had been forgotten." — L. and H., 
49. There were other examples at Winchester (of silver, given 
by Cnut), Canterbury (given by Conrad), St. Augustine's, Canter- 
bury, Bury St. Edmunds, Westminster, Lincoln, Hereford, York, 
and probably in most if not all great churches. See L. and H., 
47«. Existing examples at Essen and at Brunswick are figured in 
Liibke, Ecclesiastical Art, tr. 187 1, pp. 176, 177, and there is a cast 
of one at Milan in the South Kensington Museum, which is remark- 
ably like the Durham one as described in the text. At Durham 
there was "a tunycle (?) of white damask for the Pascall." — 
Inventories, Surtees Soc, 137. One of the duties of the Treasurer in 



NOTES ON THE TEXT. 203 

Cathedrals of the Old Foundation was to provide seven candles tor 

the bra/on candelabrum.— B. and \\\, I, 288 ; II, <><>, 07. 

Latten\. A kiiul of brass. 

///<• 7 candlestick]. The Paschal proper, which held the Paschal candle. 
The Sarum Processional of 1517 directs that the latter be 36 feet 
long, that is, of course, in Salisbury Cathedral. At Lincoln, c. a.d. 
1300, the Paschal candle was to be of three stones of wax. — B. and 
W., I, Jqi ; Words W., 204; in 1439-4.! we find tres libras, but dims 
pelras interlined. — lb., II, 303. At Westminster in 1558 the I'aschal 
was made " the whevth of iij e. of wax." — Machyn, 169. The great 
candle was, after Whitsuntide, made into candles for the funerals of 
poor people. Wilkins, I, 571, and II, .298. On the Paschal see a 
note in Westminster Missal, H. Bradshaw Soc, Fasc. Ill, p. 1511. 

tin' lower mi ul t\. The triforium, as above, p. 7, where it is called " the 
middle vault " ; here the lower with reference to the vaulting' of the 
choir. The candlestick according to this account must have been 
about 38 feet high, and the candle with its " Judas " another 30 feet, 
nearly 70 in all. 

wherein]. That is, in the Paschal, not in the vault. 

along peece of wood], A wooden imitation of the lower part of a candle, 
called " the Judas of the paschal," a term which has not been very 
satisfactorily explained ; it is said that the Paschal candle typifies 
Christ, who sprang out of Judas (Judah). The wooden imitations 
on which other candles stood were also called "Judases," 
perhaps from their resemblance to the Paschal Judas. See Rock, 
IV, 244. "Judases" (once " Jewes light") and " pascall posts' 
[i.e., candlesticks) occur in Lincolnshire Inventories (Peacock, C/i. 
Furniture, see Index, 5. vz\ ) The candle was carried to be blessed 
in has/a quadam (Osmundus de Off. Eccl. in Rock, Vol. IV, after 
Index, p. 52). This, however, seems to have been something 
different from the Judas ; it is represented in a woodcut in the 
Sarum Processional of 1508, Leeds ed., p. 80, as a has/a of wood with 
a beast's head at the top ; in the mouth of the beast is fixed the 
actual candle. 

square taper]. Why square is not evident, but atndeUc mafores quadratic 
are mentioned in the Black Book of Lincoln. — B. and W., I, 364. In 
the Museum of the Society of Antiquaries at Edinburgh is a small 
square taper, entered as a donation in 1782. Nothing is known of 
its history. It is in several pieces, which, when put together 
properly in line, measure 13 inches. The base is i' s in diameter, 
and the apex ^. The four sides have floral and other devices in low 
relief, including a thistle and a sort of fleur de lys. Candela rotunda 
is especially ordered for Candlemas in Westm. Missal (H. Brad- 
shaw Soc.) ii, col. (J2i, note. 

a fine conueyance through the &H roofs]. Not now to be identified, 

V, pp. 11—12. 
The Passion], The Durham missal (MS. Harl. 5289) contains rubrics 
concerning local usages at Passion-tide. Easter, Candlemas, etc. 
See App. No. XI, pp. 172 — 191. 



204 KITES OF DURHAM. 

inanitions solemne sendee]. That known as " creeping to the Cross," or 
"Adoration of the Cross." The Service is contained in Missals and 
Processionals under Good Friday. 

the passion was snug-]. That according- to Si. John (xviii, xix, 1-37), followed 
by the Gospel for the day (xix, 38-42). The Passion was often sung, 
as it still is in the Roman rite, by three singers, one taking the 
narrative, another the words of Jesus, and a third the words of 
others. That according to St. Matthew was sung on Palm Sunday, 
St. Mark's on the Tuesday, St. Luke's on the Wednesday, and St. 
John's on Good Friday. In some missals the parts are marked by 
letters, etc., to indicate the voice for each, or the part to be taken. 
In the Sarum missal, ed. Burntisland, it is explained in the rubric 
before the Passion for Palm Sunday, that letter a signifies Jews and 
Disciples, b Christ, m the Evangelist, and that the voices are alto, 
bass, and medins or tenor. The Roman missal has >J< for Jesus, c 
for Chronista, and .? for Synagoga. So has a MS. Sarum missal 
C. 1320. The Durham Chapter MS. of the Gospels (A. n, 16), which 
is supposed to date from about A.D. 700 or earlier, has in all the 
four Gospels, in the histories of the Passion, the words of Christ 
distinguished by I, and all the rest together under c. This would 
seem to be a simpler and earlier arrangement than any of the above ; 
the letters are probably not very much later than the original MS. 
For other forms, and on the whole subject, see Grove's Dictionary 
of Music, s.v. Passion Music. 

a goodly large crucifix]. Usually kept within the image of Our Lady of 
Bolton (ch. xvi ). 

t 'lie picture]. The writer uses the term "picture" for any representation. 
See ch. xn, and end of xiv. 

St. Cuthberts amies]. See below, in App. I, p. 109. 

singinge an Himne]. The stanza Crux fidelis infer nines Arbor una nobilis, 
followed by Pange lingua gloriosi Prcelium certaininis, to be found 
in most mediaeval Breviaries and Missals. See Hymns A. and M., 
No. 97 ; Diet. Hymnology, 880. 

which sepulchre 7vas sett upp in the niominge]. It is clear that they had a 
moveable wooden " sepulchre," not a stone structure such as may 
be seen in Lincoln Minster and in many other churches. Among the 
sacristan's expenses for 1547 we find " in lackettes (tacks to fix up 
drapery) to sett vp ye sepulcre, ]d." — Rolls, 728. Nails, tacks, and 
pins for the sepulchre are frequently mentioned in the Ludlow Church- 
wardens' Accounts. In 1557-58 wainscot was sawn for the sepulchre. 
— Rolls, 715. A new one was probably made at this time to take the 
place of an earlier one destroyed. In village churches the sepulchres 
were often moveable closets of wood, on which were hung 
"sepulchre cloths" at Easter-tide. The simplest form of the stone 
sepulchre is a recess in the north wall of the chancel in which a 
moveable wooden sepulchre could be placed. In the more elaborate 
examples we find sculptured representations of the Roman soldiers 
guarding the grave, and the figure of Christ rising amid censing 
angels. Probably not one old English wooden sepulchre exists. 
In Lincolnshire they were broken up and burned, made into 



NOTES ON THE TEXT. 205 

communion-tables! "a presse to laie clothes therein/' etc ( (Peacock, 
C/;. Furn., passim). At Winterton "one sepulcre clothe of lynnen" 
was sold and defaced (Ibid., i<>s). The modern Roman ceremony 
of "the Sepulchre" is quite distinct from the old English rite ; see 
Pugin s.v. We do not find tin- sepulchre in the lists o\' necessary 
Church furniture, nor is it mentioned in half the parish lists printed 
by Peacock. The service connected with it is nevertheless to be 
found in the missals and processionals. It took place after Even- 
song on Good Friday, when the cross that had been " crept to " 
was laid iii the sepulchre together with a consecrated host, there 
to remain until Easter morning. See, e.g., Processionale Sarum, 
Leeds, 1882, pp. 72, 91 ; Proc. Ebor. in York Manual, etc. ; Suiters 
Soc, 163; Martene de Ant. Mon. Pit., lib. Ill, cap. xiv, sect. 48, 
and de Ant. Disciplina, cap. xxiii, sect. 27 ; Bloxam, Gothic Archit., 
11th edition, 1882, Vol. II, 98—124 ; Alcuin Club Tracts, I, third ed., 

P- 54- 

VI, pp. 12, 13. 

The resurrect ion\. The ceremonies here described correspond with the 

service provided in the Sarum Processional, but in the York Use 

Te Deum was sung' to a joyous chant. Process. Ebor. (Suit. Soc.), 

p. 171. 
Image of our sauiour\. The form which the pvx took in this case. 
Christus resurgens\ Rom. vi, 9, 10. — See Breviarium ad usum Sarum, 

In die Sancto Pasche before Matins ; or the Sarum Processional, 
y antient gentlemen]. Of the Lord Prior's household. See ch. L, last 

section ; Rolls, Intr., p. iii. 
tac/ied]. Attached, tacked on, perhaps with taches ; cf. Exod. xxvi, 6, 

11, etc. So H. 44, but the editions have " tassell'd," and " tasled," 

which words probably give the right reading. 
crossc of Xpall]. A processional cross, perhaps not all of crystal, but 

largely ornamented therewith. 
holy water font of siluer\. For the sprinkling of holy water during the 

procession before the principal mass. 
otic of l/ie nouices], Puer qui ad aquam scribitur in tabula. Puer deferens 

aquam ; Processionale ad usum Sarum. 

VII, pp. 13—14- 

.Wmcrics]. There are two large lockers in each of the piers or walls that 
connect the Norman choir with the later eastern bay, to the west of 
the sedilia, of which there are tour on either side, uniform in 
character with the Neville screen. Billings, PI. lv. The doors of 
the lockers are modern. 

letteron . . . epistle and the gospell\. It is somewhat remarkable if they 
sang both the Epistle ami the Gospel on the Gospel side ami from 
the same lectern, but perhaps the book was carried away for the 
Epistle. Almost universally in Milan, however, they sing the 
prophetical lesson, Epistle, and Gospel from the same ambo. At 

Durham then' was " a coveryng for the lecteron of white sylke." 

— Inventories, Surtees Soc, 138. On lecterns, see Pugin, s.v. 
with a gilt pellican on the height \T«pp, II. 45] of it}. These words would 
seem to mean that the pelican was on the top of the desk, but as it 



206 RITES OF DURHAM. 

is said just below that the book lay on the wings, it must have been 
constructed in the usual way, and so must the eagle lectern described 
in the next paragraph. So again is the Norwich pelican lectern 
referred to above, p. 199. 

taken in sunder]. Like the candlesticks in ch. in, and probably the 
Paschal in ch. IV. 

all in kernes]. In harness, i.e., with joints, like armour, " the joints of 
the harness." 

standiiige in the midst]. In the corresponding situation in Lincoln Minster 
is an ancient stone in the floor with the words CANTATE Hie. 

tv 1 ' same stood theire, etc.]. Either this lectern was reconstructed or a 
different one made in 1586, for we find a voucher dated May 14, 
" Payed and geauen vnto Wyll'm Foster of Yorck in rewarde in 
considerac'on of his paines in comynge for the makinge of the eagle 
for the letterne of brasse in the Quier, xiijs. iiija'. — Rolls, 731. This is 
no doubt the lectern referred to in Hegg's Legend of St. Cufhbert, 
where he says, " Amongst other Monuments of this church, the 
brasen Desk is not the least, which was the joynt guift of a Reverend 
Prebend (note, 'Robert Swift Spiritual Chancellor'; he was pre- 
bendary 1562-99) of this Abby, and his Sonne, who added the Globe 
and the Eagle to that sumptuous Basis and Columne (the guift of his 
Father) which was the twelfth part of a great Candlestick found hid 
in a Vault." Are we to suppose that the Great Paschal had been 
hidden away, and that, when it was found, the twelve prebendaries 
divided it among themselves? 

Dunbarr /eight]. In which Cromwell routed the Scotch royalists, Sept. 3. 
Note that this passage is a later addition. 

burned vpp all v e wood worke]. Accordingly, there is no woodwork left that 
is earlier than about 1663, and there are several places in the 
Cathedral where the stones are reddened by the fires that they made. 
They also destroyed the font at this time (Greenwell, 74, note 2), 
and " a pair of organs " (below, ch. IX and App. VIII, p. 163). It is 
stated below that they were to the number of 4,500 (ch. xix). 

Sf Arthure Haslerigg], A sacrilegious Puritan, characterized by an 
opponent as having " more will than wit." Under Richard Cromwell 
he became one of the most powerful men in England, but soon after 
the Restoration he ended his days in the Tower. — Diet. Nat. Biog., 
s.v. Hesilrige. 

ye poore prisoners]. See further in ch. IX, XIX. 

j . . . siluer basins]. Mentioned above, ch. IV. 
VIII, pp. 14 — 16. 

Ludovick de Bellomonte]. Lewis de Beaumont, 1318-1333. 

a most curious . . . stonn]. The stone remains, and is in two pieces, 
measuring together 15 feet 10 inches by 9 feet 7 inches. The 
matrices are perfect, but no brass is left. There is a full account of 
it, with a reduced facsimile of the stone, in the Proceedings of the 
Society of Antiquaries, January 16th, 1890, where also the beautiful 
seal of the bishop is figured. A drawing of the stone is preserved 
at the Heralds' College. — Raine, Br. Ace, 42. 



NOTES ON THE TEXT. 207 

his uerses of his breast], The versos " In pectore " given below. 

the .s'/ through of marble]. Through is a northern word for a flat tombstone ; 
see below, i'l). xxtx, and Durham Church-wardens' Accounts, 1630 
and 1682, Surtees Soc, Vol. S4, pp. 185, 250. Brocketl gives 
" Thruff Stone " ; A.S. |mu1i, in Runic inscriptions |n*ui, firm. The 
term " through stone " as applied to a stone going through the 
whole thickness o( a wall is quite distinct. 

some of ihr>ii\. The portion containing the date seems to have been lost 
when these inscriptions were copied. 

Epitaphium eius]. Part of this Epitaph was legible in 1672. — Durham 
Notes, in possession of Rev. W. Green well in 1.842, but now lost. 

Dapsilis ac hilaris]. The Lanercost Chronicler, speaking of an earlier 
Bishop of Durham, Robert cte Insula, 1274-1283, says " vidimus in 
vita satis dapsilem et jucundum," and proceeds to give an amusing 
account of the way in which he would banish care and delight his 
guests by setting two monkeys to fight for almonds.- -Citron, de 
Lanercost, Bannatyne Club, Edin., 1839, p. 14. 

inimicus semper amaris). This is the reading of the Cosin and H. 44 
MSS. and of* Davies, but MS. L., with Hunter's and the later 
editions, has " avaris." 

liberal ipsitm]. The asterisk, here placed by mistake, belongs to the next 
note. 

IX, p. 16. 

3 pat re of organs]. Note that these three were "belonging to the quire." 
For another pair, used at the Jesus mass, see ch. xvn, and for 
one in the Galilee, ch. XXII ; Scr. Tres, p. ccexvi. It is perhaps 
hardly necessary to point out that "a pair of organs" is what we 
now call an organ. A " pair " was formerly a set of any number of 
things, thus we used to speak of a pair of vestments, beads, cards, 
stairs, etc., and it has only come to usually mean two in modern 
times. — See Rolls, 822, 868. Perhaps "an organ" was one "stop" 
or rank of pipes, " a pair of organs " two or more. Prior Hugh de 
Derlington made " organa grandiora *' in 1264 (Scr. Tres, 46). 
Prior Wessington (1416-1446) expended £,26 13s. 4d. in "factura 
diversorium parium organorum (Ibid., eclxxiii). For notices of some 
later organs see Appendix VIII, and of older ones, Rolls, Index 
under Organs. 

the leaues]. Folding doors to close the organ in front, such as the old 
organs commonly had. 

/6yoj. Read 1650. 

a letteme of wood]. Probably a simple desk. 

the i) lessons]. The writer must be referring to the time after the dissolu- 
tion of the monastery, previous to which the three or twelve lessons 
of the Benedictine Breviary would be sung. But perhaps he is only 
speaking loosely, as a secular might, of a feast day. 

the j doctors . . . read]. This expression seems to have come down from 
monastic times, and to refer to Sundays and Other festivals, on 
which, in the Roman and Benedictine breviaries, the first lesson in 

the third nocturn is an exposition of the Gospel lor tin- day, usually, 



208 RITES OF DURHAM. 

though not invariably, taken from the writings of one or other of the 
four doctors named. Thus it would mean on Sundays and other 
festivals when not superseded by the first pair of organs. The 
expression would hardly apply to the Saruni and York breviaries, in 
which a great many of the expositions are from Bede. 

the cryers\. Perhaps because of their shrill tones. In a will of 1467 is 
mentioned " a small belle called a cryer " (N. E. D., s.v. Crier). The 
use of different organs for different days is curious. 

the third paire\. For ferial days, for which there is only one nocturn, and 
the expositions of the Gospel do not come in. This third organ was 
perhaps a moveable one. It was called the "White Organs." See 
Appendix VIII, p. 162. 

X, pp. 16—17. 

an excellent fine booke]. The Liber Vitce, now robbed of its original 
binding, among the Cottonian Manuscripts at the British Museum 
(Domitian vn). Its contents have been printed in Vol. 13 of the 
Surtees Society's series. It was originally prepared so as to admit 
the names of benefactors arranged ill classes, as, "Nomina regum 
vel ducum," " Nomina reginarum et abbatissarum," etc. But as 
unoccupied parchment grew scarcer in the volume, names were 
entered in any blank spaces that there were ; there are also some 
memoranda, charters, etc. The earliest entries have been referred 
10 the ninth century, the latest belong to the sixteenth. It will be 
observed that in use and purpose the Liber Vitce corresponded with 
the Diptychs of the Primitive Church, and with the tablets in use at 
a later period. Thus in 1514 a Table was ordered to be made with 
the names of all the brethren and sisters, quick and dead, of the 
Guild of the Holy Trinity in St. Mary's church, Leicester, and it was 
to stand on the Trinity altar. — Throsby, in North, Chron. of St. 
Martin's, 180/;. 

which booke\. Namely, that which was published by the Surtees Society 
in 1 84 1, as Liber Vitce. 

another famous booke]. What has become of this most interesting book is 
not known. It may have been that described in Scr. Tres, ccxxviii, 
as chained to the high altar in 1433, when it was consulted by Prior 
Wessington in the presence of a notary public. 
XI, pp. 17 — 18. 

porch much was called the Amanchoridge], So, by mistake, in MS. Cosin ; 
L., H. 44, and Davies have " Anchoridge," Hunter and Sanderson 
" Anchorage." Nothing seems to be known of the Anchorite here 
referred to, but Mabillon speaks of recluses dwelling in cells within 
monasteries (Ann. Bened. s.a. 916, quoted in Bloxam, Gothic 
Archil., 1882, II, 167). Bloxam has collected a great deal of 
information on the subject, pp. 163 — 181. The term "porch" was 
often applied to a chapel within a church. Thus, in 141 2, we find 
the " chappel or porche of owr lady," and in 1492 " a chappel or 
porche dedicat vn to Saynt Jamis " (Raine, Catterick Church, 12) ; in 
1522, " my Porch of or Ladye " {Durham Wills, II, 105) ; in 1614-15, 
then newly built, in great part, " the portch in the North Allye," 
probably a sort of pew (Durham Churcli-wardens' Accounts, Surtees 
Soc, vol. 84, p. 167). 



NOTES ON THE TEXT. 209 

upp (i pain of /aire staires]. This "porch" was evidently such a loft 

as those at St. .Milan's ami Christ Church, formerly St. Prideswide's, 
Oxford, which are beautiful structures of wood. For St. Albans, see 
Carter's /'Inns, etc., 1810, Plan Kj, Plate v, Observations, p. 5; for 
Oxford, Murray's Cathedrals, Frontispiece, and p. 22. The term 
"porch" was applied to small internal chapels between pillars, as 
well as to external ones between buttresses. Some boles in which 
ihe limbers oi' this chamber may have boon fixed arc to bo seen, 
tilled up with stone, at various heights up to the tops of the columns 
that boar the arch leading from the north aisle of the choir to the 
Nine Altars. Hut there was once a modern gallery in this same 
aisle.— Raine, Br. .la:, 49. On " pair," see above, p. 207. 
t lie pa seal i did lye]. Doubtless taken to pieces when put away. See notes 
on ch. in, vii, pp. 201, 206. 

the children of the aumerie]. Of the Almery or Almonry ; see ch. xi.vm. 

to dresse, trim , etc.]. After the Dissolution persons were employed to scour 
the Paschal. In Dark. Cat/i. Misc. Cart., Nos. 2751—59, we find, 
" 15 Apiilis. In primis for scowryng off the pascal! to Cuthberi 
paype ami hys felowe, ijs. . . . Solut. Jacobo Person et Cuthberi o 
Jonson pro croccione (polishing- with crocus of iron) Candelabri 
Paschalis, cum aliis sibi servientibus feria 4 ta ebdomadis Sanctis 
Ao 154510 iijs. Vu'yl. — Rolls, 715, 720, 727. 

a faire marble stone]. No longer to be found. The bench table in this bay 
of the aisle was reconstructed in 1402-3. The riser has a range 
of cusped panels, pointed and circular alternately, the latter enclo- 
sing twelve shields all bearing Skirlaw's arms, viz. (arg. ) a cross 
triple-parted and fretted (sa), otherwise described as " three Rodds 
or Spells crosswise, traversed in manner of a Sive or Riddle." — 
Origin and Succession of the Bishops of Durham, 1603, in Allan's 
Collection of Tracts. For a roll of expenses of the construction and 
furnishing of Bishop Skirlaw's chantry chapel, see Rolls, Intr., p. lix. 

invyroned ivth Irons]. The holes where these were fixed into the columns 
are distinctly visible. 

a stall or peive . . for gentlewomen}. Probably the pew where Cosin tried 
to make certain gentlewomen stand at the Nicene Creed. — Corresp., 
Surtees Soc, I, 174. 

His body was not removed]. It was found in 1848 in a stone grave, encased 
in lead, through which appeared " an indication of the right hand in 
a state of elevation, holding a pastoral staff, or in the act ot bene- 
diction." No internal examination was made, and the body was 
buried a few feet further northward, to make room for the organ. — 
See Raine, Auckland Castle, 44, 45, and woodcut there ; Durham 
Obituary Rolls (Surtees Society), p. xxii/;. 

onely the stone]. The stone is now lost. 

the song SCOole], Not the original Song-school, which is described in ch. 
XXXI, and which was at the south end of the Nine Altars, outside, 
but the one in use when this account was written. See ch. xi.ix, 
section 4, p. 97. 

'4 



2IO RITES OF DURHAM. 

the segresters exchequer]. The Sacrist's or Sacristan's or Sexton's checker 
or office. 

a porch adioyninge to the quire}. Another internal chapel constructed of 
wood, in the form of a loft or gallery surmounting' the screen at the 
entrance of the choir aisle. No stairs are mentioned. There are 
holes high up, showing where wood has been let into the columns 
and arch. 

SI Bendicts altar]. This altar stood in the transeptal chapel adjoining the 
aisle. 

D /r Swallwell]. Thomas Swallwell is described in 1496 as monachus 
gremialis, S.T. B., and chancellor of the church ; at this time, acting 
for the Archdeacon of Durham, he offered on the altar of St. 
Cuthbert the silver seals of Bishop Sherwood, to be made into a 
chalice or two cruets. In 1502 Prior Castell " enucleated " from the 
beginning to him and other of the religious the whole history of a 
miracle wrought at the shrine. In 1507 he was terrarius or " terrer " 
of the house, and took part in a synod held in the Galilee, sede 
vacante. In 1519 he was a " doctour," and together with Hugh 
Whitehead petitioned Bishop Ruthall for licence to elect a Prior on the 
death of Prior Castell. — Scr. Tres, ccclxxxvii, 153, cccciv, ccccxix. 

XII, pp. 18 — 19. 

a most /aire roocle or picture]. For this use of the term " picture," see Ch. 
v, note. Davies says the " Pictures " were " a yard or five quarters 
long" ; edition 1672, p. 31. 

black J\oode of Scotland]. The silver had no doubt became black by reason 
of oxidation ; MSS. L. and C, and Davies, say that the figures 
were " all smoaked black over," and the smoke from lights may 
have helped to blacken them. See also ch. XV, p. 25, where the silver is 
described as " being, as yt weare, smoked all over." But the name 
may have been suggested by that of the small cross described in the 
next note. 

brought out of holy Rood house, etc.]. The great Black Rood with Mary and 
John is not to be confounded with the black cross, a palm in length, 
that was taken upon the person of King David, as stated in ch. XV, 
where the two crosses are kept distinct. Both were taken to the 
battle, the smaller one borne probably on his breast, by the king 
himself, the larger one by two or three men, and both were won by 
the English and taken to Durham Abbey. See note below. 

the battaile of Durham], See ch. n, XII, xv. 

a deuice or wrest]. A mechanical contrivance. See above, on ch. in, p. 201. 

the bt>ps seate]. As the bishops of Durham were Counts Palatine, their 
Episcopal throne represents secular as well as spiritual dignity, 
and is in a sort of gallery with seats for two persons on either 
side of the bishop, whose own seat is under a rich tabernacled 
canopy. This canopy forms the central portion of a construction 
of panels, niches, mullions, tracery, and canopies, filling up the 
whole of the Norman arch under which it stands, and the whole 
space between the pillars. "A pair of stairs" leads up to this gallery 
at its east end, and the floor is carried over the tomb of Bishop Hatfield 



NOTES ON I III-: I EXT. 2 1 I 

by an enriched segmental arch. The alabaster figure of the bishop 
remains, in a somewhal mutilated condition, lying on a richly 
panelled altar-tomb, under very beautiful groining with foliated 
bosses. Upon the walls at the ends of the arch, over ihe head and 
feet of the effigy, are remains of paintings in which have been 
representations of angels. The whole structure has been richly 
gilded and coloured, and it still exhibits many shields bearing the 
arms of Bishop Hatfield and others. The various parts of the whole 
structure show signs of some giving way or shrinking and of 
unskilful repairs ; again, the parts are not well fitted, as if it had 
been made in whole or in part tor some other situation. There is no 
sign of any inscription, but the tomb has a very unfinished appearance 
all round the figure, such as cannot have been contemplated in the 
original design (Hillings, PI. hi, lvii, lviii). Billings does not 
show the remains ot" paintings, only conventional bare wall. But 
Carter's drawing (B.M. Add. MSS. 29, 933) shows a figure of Christ 
in a red garment with cruciferous nimbus, displaying His wounds ; 
on His right below stands an angel censing. Besides his throne in the 
choir the Bishop of Durham has his stone chair in the chapter-house, 
p. 56, and the first stall in the choir on the right, as having been in 
place of an abbot ; the Dean, representing the Prior, has the left- 
hand stall. In the Vestry were kept "two cloithes for the bisshoppes 
stall one of reid baldking and th'other of reid damask." — Inventories, 
Suit. Soc, 139. 
all of Alabaster). Not the tomb, only the effigy. 

a little altar]. This altar could not have stood at the end of the tomb, 
there being no space for it between the pillars. There are, however, 
signs of alteration in the choir aisle, namely, the cutting away of 
Norman masonry, and perhaps the insertion of an iron grate, 
suggesting that the altar may have stood near the S.W. corner of 
the tomb. (Billings, PI. lvii, lviii). Or, possibly, the tomb may 
have stood more to the south, and have been shifted to its present 
position to be more out of the way. See the last note. 

the nestrvc). This vestry, a plan of which is given in Carter, PI. ii, was 
built by Henry de Luceby, sacrist, before 1300, not "within" the 
aisle, but against the outside wall. It was entered from within the 
aisle by an inserted doorway, which remains, and had four windows, 
(see "Description of the Histories in Glass," in Appendix I, p. 117). 
It is somewhat remarkable that our writer has not devoted a separate 
section to it and told us more about it. The watching-chamber 
at the west end is referred to in the next chapter. The vestry 
itself was used by the Minor Canons until 1802, but was suffered to 
fall into disrepair, and was finally demolished in that year. — Raine, 
Br. Ace, 48. For the writer's use of the word " within " compare the 
account of the Sexton's checker, in ch. XI. IX, p. 97. He considered 
that buildings abutting on and entered directly from the church were 
within it. The position of the vestry was usually, as here, on the 
same side of the church as the cloister was. The Inventory of all 
the ornaments being within this vestry in [546, as found in six 
almeries, " the presse," five chests on the north side and six on the 



212 RITES OF DURHAM. 

south, is printed in Inventories of Church Goods, Surtees Society, 
Vol. 97, pp. 137 — 141. See Rolls, Index under Revestry. 

a peculiar altar\. Probably so called because, although within the abbey, 
it belonged specially to the bishop, as a church locally situated in 
another diocese might do. A reredos of wainscot was made for the 
altar in the Revestry in 1557-58. — Rolls, 715. Its situation is shown 
in Carter's plan. All large sacristies probably had altars in them, 
as they still have in Italy. Mass would be said at them occasionally, 
but they were also used for laying out the vestments when a prelate 
was being vested solemnly before entering the church. So at 
Westminster, " ffyrste the westerer shall lay the abbotes cope 
lowest opon the awter wtin the sayd westre." — Registrnm vestibuli, 
13S8, in A rchceologia , LII, 213. The Westminster altar was dedicated 
in honour of St. Faith, and mural paintings that belonged to it still 
remain. St. Andrew's chapel at Canterbury, which was the revestry, 
had an altar. For Lincoln, see Wordsw., 231, 299. Many parish 
church vestries had altars, some of which remain, e.g., those at 
Burford, Oxon., and Warmington, Northants. At Durham it would 
seem that the bishop held his ordinations in the revestry so as not to 
interfere with the monastic services in the choir. 

XIII, pp. 20—22. 

The crosse allye]. The area of the central tower, in a line with the 
transepts, and formerly separated from the nave by the wall at the 
back of the Jesus altar (ch. xvii). 

former part\. Foremost, where you first enter. See N. E. D. under Former 

+3- 
in theire seuerall roomes]. Places, probably niches in '• le Rerdoose ad 

ostium chori " made by Prior Wessington (1416-1446) at a cost of 

£6g 4s. (Scr. Tres, eclxxiii). For the inscriptions that were under 

the figures, see App. IV. 

kinges and queenes\. The choir-screen at York has a series of sculptured 
figures of the fifteen kings from William the Conqueror to Henry VI. 
There is a similar series of kings on the screen at Canterbury, as 
was formerly the case at Wells. At Chichester there still remain 
paintings representing bishops from the first, and kings from the 
Conqueror. 

whose names hereafter followeth\. There are considerable discrepancies 
among the lists of figures on the screen. The list in the Appendix 
IV, p. 137, appears to belong to an earlier set of thirty-two figures, 
sixteen kings and sixteen bishops. MS. Cos. contains all the twenty- 
eight kings and queens named in MS. H. 45, with six additional 
names. If two of these have been repeated by mistake, the number 
is reduced to thirty-two, that of the supposed earlier set of figures, 
and if the other four names be added to the list in MS. H. 45, we 
again have thirty-two, the probable number of the niches in the 
screen, two rows of eight on either side of the choir doorway. It is 
quite possible that thirty-two kings and queens were at some time 
substituted for I he same number of kings and bishops. 



NOTES ON THE TEXT. 213 

///(• new worie\. The "new work" here meant is the uppermost stage of 
the centra] tower, an unsatisfactory excrescence on the beautifully 
designed lantern below it, which was nol finished in 14741 " in 
defaulte of goods, as God knaweth," wrote Prior Bell in that year. 
Nevertheless the belfry stage must have been added nol long after. 
Ii commands a very extensive prospect, and can itself be seen from 
several points round Durham, rising above the hill-tops that conceal 
all the rest of the church. For notices of t lie great tower, see Roils, 
Index under Tower. 

a Chamber otter the -vest end <>j the s& uestrye\. The arrangements are to 
some extent indicated in Carter's plan. This chamber was used as 
the singing men's vestry until 1802 (Raine, Br. Arc, 48) J earlier it 
served as " the boys' room " (App. IX, p. 1O9). 

a chamber in the north a I lye]. This chamber must have been between the 
two "porches" mentioned .above (eh. xi), and the upper portion of the 
north aisle of the choir must have been almost filled up by the three 
wooden structures. 

holy water stones]. Frequently mentioned below ; see Index. 

before it came to be hallowed]. At the Benedictio salt's et aqua, which took 
place every Sunday morning before the procession that preceded 
high mass. The office for it is usually inserted at the beginning of 
the missals and manuals, but in the Durham MS. Missal (Harl. 5289) 
it is at the end. See Rolls, Index under Holy water. 

a joure squared stonn . . . in cuerye square]. The writer uses " square " 
in an obsolete sense, meaning' "corner" or "angle." On the 
cressets (cavities), see note on ch. I, p. 195, and Arch. Journal, xxxix, 
39°. 396. 

filled with tallow]. See Rolls, 87, where crucibulum is the term used for a 
cresset. 

one of them was lighted]. That is, probably, one at a time, a fresh one 
being lighted as each one burned out, until daylight. 

XIV, pp. 22—23. 
John Washington]. Otherwise "de Wessington," Prior 1416 144b. He was 
one of the most famous of the Priors of Durham, and a handsome pro- 
vision or pension, including rooms, etc., at Coldingham, was assigned 
to him in 1446. For lists of his compilations and collections of 
evidences relating to the church of Durham, ami of the buildings ami 
repairs effected by him during his twenty-nine years of office, see 
Srr. '/'res, pp. cclxviii-CClxxvi, and for other notices of him, the index 
to the same volume, our Appendix, No. Ill, p. 124//., and Rolls, Index 
under Wessyngton. The Durham Chapter MS. B. in, 30, is a volume 

of collections by Prior Wessington on fifteen different subjects. His 
tombstone is lost, as is also the case where no mention is made in 
the following notes of any existing stones or portions thereof. 

Robert Berington\ Prior \y,\ 1391. A short notice of him will be found 

in Will, de l/hambre {Scr. '/'res. 136). Authority for the Priors of 
Durham to use the mitre, pastoral stall, and other pontifical insignia, 
was obtained from the Pope, ami confirmed by the bishop o( 
Durham and the archbishop of York in 138a [Ibid., note). 



214 RITES OK DURHAM. 

the north plage]. "Inboreali plaga " (Scr. Trcs, 137), in the north region 
or quarter, in this ease the transept. 

XV, pp. 23 — 29. 

yc battel! 0/ Durh'"] The oecasion of this fight was that David II (David 
Bruce), king of" Scotland, being in alliance with Philip VI of France, 
invaded England in the hope of drawing Edward III away from 
his campaign in Philip's country. But the Archbishop of York and 
the heads of the great houses of the North mustered their forces and 
met David and his army between Beaurepaire (now Bearpark) and 
Durham. After a fierce conflict, the Scotch army was totally routed, 
and David taken prisoner. Tradition points to " King David's 
Bridge," over the Browney, near Aldin Grange, as the place where 
he was taken. 

wthin ye corporax\. " Corporax " here means the Corporas-case used to 
contain and protect the corporal or corporas itself, i.e., the linen 
cloth used in the consecration of the elements. It was called the 
corporal because the Sacrament of the Body of Christ was originally 
consecrated on it, not on a paten. And De Moleon states that the 
corporal was used to cover the chalice in the great churches of 
France, as late as the seventeenth century. — Voyages liturgiques, 
Paris, 1 7 18, pp. 57, 198, 286. Corporas cases were often richly 
embroidered. See Pugin, s.v. 

ye Readhillcs\. Called Red Hills in the editions of 1672, etc., as at present. 
They are the high grounds to the west of the city of Durham, where 
the railway passes through them by a deep cutting. The name is 
probably derived from the colour of the soil, which is somewhat 
reddish. 

prostrating themselves in praier\. Knighton states that some also watched 
the battle from the campanile of the Church (not the present Lantern, 
which was not built till some years later, but its predecessor, 
or else one of the western towers), " Monachi existentes in campanili 
Eeclesiag suae et videntes fugientes Scotos, levaverunt vocem 
nubesque repleverunt sonitu clamoris, clamantes et Deum laudantes, 
flebilibusque lacrimis pra? gaudio dicentes, Te Deum laudamus, 
quam vocem Angli audierunt ac si a tergo eorum prope adessent, 
et fortiorem audaciam in Deo inde sumentes inimicos acrius insecuti 
sunt et fortius eos protriverunt. Nam monachi Dunelmcnses finem 
fecerant cum Scotis pro se et maneriis suis et suis tenentibus in patria 
in crastino sequenti pro mille libris solvendis absque ulteriori mora, 
el sic liberati sunt ab ipso jugo." — Scriptores Decern, Lond., 1652, col. 
2590. 

the said bat tell ended]. In some of the accounts there is mention of a hill 
called Findon, a well-marked elevated spot three miles north-west of 
Durham, overlooking the village of Sacriston in the line of the road, 
and the valley of the Browney, in which Bearpark is situated, to the 
left. Prior Fossor wrote to Bishop Hatfield that it was rightly 
named, "a quodam praesagio . . . quasi finem dans, vel finem 
dandus," as putting an end to the long and miserable strife between 
the English and the Scotch. — Scr. Tres, p. ccccxxxv ; Durham 
Wills, I, 29, 30. 



NOTES ON THE TEXT. 2I5 

victorit atchtved that daic\. The principal authorities on the Battle of 
Durham or of Neville's Cross are Chron. Lanercost, 346, etc. ; Minot's 
Latin poem, in Hall's edition, Oxf., 1887, p. 10S ; Fordun, Scoti- 
chronicon, lib. XIV, ii— iv, and two letters from Prior Fossor t<> 
Bishop Hatfield, in Scr. Tres, App., Nos. cccxxxvi, ccexxxvii. For 
modern accounts, see Archaologia .Kliana, n.s., I, 271 ; Fasti Ebor., 
440; Boyle's Durham, y$i. It is sometimes said thai Bishop 
Hatfield was present at the battle, but his presence is not mentioned 
in any of the early accounts, and indeed Prior Fossor's second 
letter gives a description of the battle as from an eye-witness to one 
who was absent. 

holie rudehouse]. The abbey of Holyrood, which frequently accommodated 
the Scottish court before a distinct palace was added in the sixteenth 
century. — Daniel Wilson, Memorials of Edinburgh, Edinb., 1848, pp. 
-5. 403- 4' °- 

■wch crosse . . . is recorded, etc.]. This legend of the wild hart properly 
belongs not to David II, but to David I (1124-1153), the son of 
St. Margaret, and himself accounted a saint. 

ye Rude well]. By the " Queen's Drive,'' at the foot of Salisbury Crags, 
about a quarter of a mile to the S.E. of Holyrood Palace, is a well that 
was known of old as St. David's or the Rood Well. The ancient well- 
house of St. Margaret's well at Restalrig in the same neighbourhood, 
which would otherwise have been destroyed by the North British 
Railway Company, was some years ago removed and erected over 
the Rood Well, which is now commonly called " St. Margaret's 
Well." — See Proc, Soc. Ant. Scot., Vols. II, 143, III, 365, for accounts 
of the wells, with excellent illustrations, also Old and New Edinburgh 
by James Grant, Vol. Ill, pp. 129, 130, and D. Wilson, Mem. of 
Edinb., p. 399. 

his own captivitie]. He was first taken to Ogle Castle to recover of his 
wounds, and then confined for a long time in London. It is said that 
after that he was kept in Nottingham Castle, and that he carved on 
the rocky side of his prison the whole story of Our Lord's Passion 
(D. Wilson, Mem. of Edinb., p. 9). His conduct shortly before and 
at the battle of Durham is reported to have been that of a most 
ungodly man, but his thoughts may afterwards have been directed 
to better things. 

lost ye saide crosse w'Ji was laiken vpon him]. The " Holy Cross" mentioned 
.above in this same chapter, being the smaller of the two Black 
Roods, the Nigra crux of earlier writers. Nothing is more likely 
than that David would carry the smaller one, which was but a palm in 
length, and had been used by St. Margaret and by David I on their 
deathbeds. It was an heirloom greatly venerated, and in course ol 
time became connected with the legend of the wild hart related in 
ch. XV. In the Life of Queen Margaret (Surtees Symeon, p. 252, 
also in Pinkerton's Scottish Saints), wo read " Ipsa quoque illam, 
quam Nigram Crucem [Crucem Scotia nigram, MS. Tiberius E. 1, 
i86<f) uominare, quamque in maxima semper veneratione habere 
consuevit, sibi afferi prsecepit," etc. In that of David I by Bald red, 
Ethelred, or Aelred of Rievaulx (Fordun, Scotichron., lib. V. cap. Iv ; 



2l6 RITES OF DURHAM. 

Scrip/ores Decern , col. 349) the cross, " quam nigram vocant," is tlnis 
described, " Est autem crux ilia, longiludinem habens palmse, de 

auro purissimo, opere mirabili fabricata, quae in modum techae 
clauditur et uperitur. Cernitur in ea quaedam Dominican crucis 
portio, sicut saepe multorum argumento miraculorum probatum est, 
Salvatoris nostri imaginem habens de ebore decentissime sculptam, 
et aureis distinctionibus mirabiliter decoratam. Hanc religiosa 
regina Margareta, hujus regis mater, qua; de semine imperatorum et 
regum Hungarorum el Anglorum extitit oriunda, allatam in Scotia, 
quasi munus haereditarium transmisit ad filios. Hanc igitur crucem, 
omni Scotorum genti non minus terribilem, quam amabilem, cum 
rex devotissime adorasset, cum multis lacrymis, peccatorum con- 
fessione prasmissa, exitum suum ccelestium mysteriorum perceptione 
munivit." There was a cross, probably this one, that was sometimes 
called St. Margaret's Cross. See ch. LV, and Rolls, 426. Why this 
smaller cross is described as black does not appear. Perhaps the 
portion of the True Cross was enclosed in a black cross, and that 
again in a gold case, which, again, may have been at some time 
enclosed within the great Black Rood. But in 1383 it was kept with 
some other crosses, etc., in a place of honour among the relics. — 
Rolls, 426. At Abingdon there was a " nigra crux " believed to have 
been made in great part "ex clavis Domini." — Mon. Angl. (1682), I, 
97. 99- 

noblemens aunncientes, etc.]. See ch. n, XL1X. 

pippes of siluer]. These, being fitted together end to end, would combine 
strength with lightness ; the lowest portion of the staff seems to have 
been of wood. See further in ch. XLIX (Dane William Watson, p. 94). 
At Doncaster were " i j coper crosses" and " pypes belongyng to 
them." — Inventories, Surt. Soc, 104. 

fyve yerdes longe]. On the contrivances for lifting it up and down and 
holding it up, see ch. XLix, p. 96. 

a wand of siluer]. A cross-bar to carry the banner. 

maid fast]. I.e., bound round so that it would not fray out. 

sackring belles]. Little handbells rung at the Tersanctus, and at the sacring 
or consecration of the elements in the mass, also before the Host 
when carried in procession, or for the communion of the sick. 

( never) caryed or shewed at any battell, but, etc.]. Provost Consitt (Life of St. 
Cuthbert, p. 215) repeats this statement, but then goes on to say that 
it was carried for the last time " in the glorious but ill-fated " 
Pilgrimage of Grace in 1556. The banner appears to have been 
injured by rioters in 1536-37. The Feretrar's Roll of 1537-38 mentions 
55. " pro emendaeione vexilli Sci Cuthberti per communes Dunelm. 
fracti." — Rolls, 483. 

Deane Whittingham\. William Whittingbarn, the puritan dean of Durham, 
was educated at Oxford, and in May, 1550, travelled to Orleans, 
where he married a sister of John Calvin. He returned to England, 
but fled when Queen Maiy succeeded, and joined the Puritan 
congregation at Geneva. Here he was made a minister in some 
Genevan form, succeeded John Knox, took a leading part in the 
translation of the Genevan Bible, and turned into English metre the 



NOTES ON THE TEXT. 21 7 

psalms, ell'., marked "W. \V." in Sternbold and Hopkins's collection. 
He returned again under Elizabeth, and in 1563 was placed in the 
deanery of Durham, which he held for sixteen years. I lis death put 
an end to a long dispute whether he could hold the deanery, having 
been ordained only at Geneva. He was buried in Durham Cathedral, 
with a monumental inscription thai was afterwards destroyed. 
Browne Willis remarks thai "his Monument, soon after the erecting 
of it, met with ihe same Pate as he had treated others. Oi\ it was 
this Inscription : In obitum doctissimi viri Gulielmi Whittinghanti 
Decani olim Dunelmensis, Mariti Catherines Sororis Johannis Calvini 
Theologi, qui obiit Anno 1 57<>." Some Latin verses follow.— 
Cathedrals, I, 253. There is a Life of him, copiously annotated, and 
with valuable 1 appendixes, in Camden Miscellanies, VI. 

did most iniuriously burne, etc.]. It had been supposed that the banner 
would not only put a check upon fire, but could not be consumed 
thereby. — Regin. Dunettn., cap. 39. 

Xcivelles Crosse]. The " sockett " is all that remains ; it has recently been 
removed 10 a new mound some yards distant from the old site. 
An old milestone stands where "the stalke " has been. Dr. Raine 
stales that documents in the Treasury refer to an earlier Neville's 
Cross in the same place. — St. Cutkb., 106. But he gives no 
references. 

y Ncvcllcs crosse]. The well-known saltire in the arms of Neville {gu. a 
saltire arg.). 

pictures of ye j evangel istes]. The usual symbols of the Four Evangelists 
are still to be seen on the four corners of the socket-stone ; perhaps 
there were statues standing- over these, round the octagonal shaft. 

ye Bulls head}. The Neville badge and crest. 

the Read hilles]. See note above, p. 214. 

ye flashe\. A hollow about half a mile in length, still called the Flass Bog, 
although it has been drained and is partly under cultivation and 
partly built over. It is crossed by the railway viaduct, some of the 
piers of which had to be built on piles, ami it runs down eastward 
from the top of the Red Hills. Its name survives in " Flass Street " 
and " Flass Well." For " Flash," a pool or marshy place, see 
N. E. D. 

north Chilton fioole]. Not identified, but it was probably a dam on the Mill 
Burn, in connexion with the old " Clokmylne," in Millburngate. See 
Rolls, 905. 

ye mavdes bower]. In the south side of the Flass Hoy; there runs (.town 
northward a tongue of comparatively elevated ground at the end of 
which has been thrown up an artificial hillock, still known as 
" Maiden's Bower." On places thus designated see Memorials of 
St. Giles's (Surtees Soc), Intr., x-xiv. 

where y* said prior, etc.]. This passage is very obscure as it stands here, 

but it is made clearer in Davies by the insertion of "there" before 

" was erected." 
a /aire crosse of Wood], This cross appears io have been set up on the top 
iil the above-mentioned hillock, where now a tree has been planted. 



2l8 RITES OF DURHAM. 

Beareparke]. The present name of the manor of Beaurepaire, on the river 
Browney, about 2% miles N.W. of Durham. The Priors liad a 
country residence and park there ; the latter was ravaged by David 
Bruce the day before the battle of Neville's Cross. Some small 
portions of the buildings are yet standing. Considerable remains 
are shown in the Kaye Collection of drawings at the British Museum, 
Vol. II, Nos. 83 — 95 ; in Hutchinson's Durham, II, 338 ; and in 
Grose, Antiquities, Vol. V, 1777, under Durham. See Rolls, under 
Beaurepaire. 

at the /bote of 'ye said crosse]. Whichever way the)- went, they would have 
to make some little digression to reach the cross, if it was, as is 
supposed, on the hillock called Maiden's Bower. 

John Fossour], Or Forcer, Prior 1 341-1374. Of a family that had pro- 
perty at Thockerington in Northumberland. He died at the Prior's 
manor of Beaurepaire, at the age of ninety, in 1374, and his body 
was stitched up in the hide of an ox, which cost, including the wages 
of the artificer employed, five shillings. — Rolls, p. 581. In 1729, his 
grave was opened, and the hide found to be tolerably fresh, but the 
body was much decayed. Prior Fossor made the west window of 
the nave and the great north window of the transept ; he also 
expended large sums in the binding and repairing of the Church 
missals, etc., and in altar-plate, vestments, and images, as well as on 
the kitchen and other monastic buildings outside the church. — -Will. 
de Chainbre in Scr. Tres, p. 130 — 134, and Index ; Ibid., App. p. cxli ; 
Raine, Br. Ace, 34 ; St. Cuthb., lion. ; Rolls, Index under Fossour. 

the first, etc.]. See ch. XV, XXV. 

the Centorie garth]. The Cemetery, frequently referred to. See Index, 
and Rolls, Index under Cemetery, and Centry. 

XVI, pp. 30—32. 
The South Alley of ye Lantern], It is a little remarkable that we have here 
no reference to the fire-place mentioned in a note on Singing breads, 
above p. 194. It very likely fell into disuse and was walled up before 
Rites was written ; it so continued until 1901, when it was opened 
out. The square recess now made over the fire-place is of doubtful 
authority. There appeared to be some indications of there having 
been such a recess, and so it was left open. Such fire-places may 
have been used not only for heating obley-irons, but for supplying 
burning charcoal for the censers, warming the water for washing 
the altars and for the washing of feet at the Maundy, for heating the 
" pomes " or calefactories used to warm the priests' hands, etc. — 
Cf. Wordsw., 300. There are fireplaces in the south transepts at 
Lincoln and at Hereford, the latter, like the Durham one, inserted in 
an earlier wall of the Norman period. The Lincoln example, which is 
in an internal vestry of the same date as the transept, makes it 
seem not unlikely that at Durham and at Hereford internal vestries 
have sometime been constructed and provided with fire-places, and 
that when more commodious vestries were made outside, the internal 
ones were swept away, their fire-places only remaining, blocked up 
or left open. 



NOTES OX THE TEXT. 219 

Johne Hemmyngbrowgke\. Prior 1391 1416. " Obiit anno Domini 1416, 
el jacet sepultus sub lapide tnarmoreo, curiosoi el sumptuoso, 
imaginibus circumspicuo, ad australem plagam ecclesiae Dunelmensis 
;i dextra parti- inter eundum ad revest erium. Ejus Epitaphium. 
Ecce marmoreus lapis hie tegit ossa Johannis | Quern residere Deus 
ccelis cunctis det i n annis | Hemtningbroughe natus fuil hie el 
honorificatus ' sede prioratus virtute probus monachatus | Qui legis 
haec pro me Pater mium supplico prome | Adjungas et ave Deus ul 
me liberet a vae | ' (W. de Chambre in Scr. Tres, 145, see also 
Index ; Burton ami Raine, Hemingbrough, 163). 

Howghels Alter], So called, probably, From some portion of the estate of 
tin- Prior and Convent at Houghal, near Durham, having 1 been 
appropriated tor its maintenance. 

William Ebchester]. Prior 1446 -1456. "Doctor in Theologia . . . 
sepultus jacet sub lapide marmoreo in australi parte ecclesiae 
Dunelmensis, coram altare Dominae de Boultoun. Ejus Epitaphium. 
En tegit haec petra venerabilis ossa Wilhelmi Ebchester justos 
consumit terra sepultos | Ingenio prsegnans fuerat ccelestia pandens | 
CEconomus verbi fidelis dogmata sacri j Egenti largus sitienti pocula 
prsebens Nudatis vestes peregrinis hospes amcenus Rexerat 
ecciesiam prudenter jure Prioris | Accumulans praamiis eandeni valde 
decoris | Naturae cessit post partvim virginis anno | Mille cccc quin- 
gento [sic) adjuncto postea sexto | Corpore defuncto ejus in saecula 
virtus j Durabit svi[)eris oblatio maxima divis | Australi ecclesiae suh 
marmore parte sepultus j Cum Christo dormit, vivit regnatque 
beatus | Pro quo metra legis haec qui ora mente tideli | Ut sit semper 
ovans cum Sanctis culmine coeli | " (Chambre, 147 and Index). For 
the principal events of his life see Durham Obituary Rolls (Surtees 
Soc. ), Prefi vii ;/. 

the Ladie of Boultons alter]. Probably maintained out of the estate of the 
Prior and Convent at Bolton in the parish of Edlingham, in Northum- 
berland. 

the Immage of our saviour]. Rather, doubtless, of the Eternal Father. 

euery good fridaie\. See above, ch. v. 

in under]. Still a local expression, sometimes in the form "in and under" ; 
see paragraph on a Loft, ch. xvn, p. 34. 

Robert Ebchester]. Prior 1478-1484. " Doctor in Theologia . . . Hie jacet 
sepultus sub lapide marmoreo, in quo ceelatur ipsius in a;re imago ; 
ubi subscribitur tale epitaphium, ad australem plagam ecclesiae, 
inter eundum ad revesterium in dextra parte. Epitaphium. Mar- 
more Robertas jacet hie sub jure disertus Ebchester certus sihi sit 
Deus ipse misertus Extiterat castas corpus prior hie probitatis | 
Doctus non fastus studio fungens veritatis | Largus amans hilaris 
siibjecit dogmata pandens Sacra suis ineritis virtutum carmina 
clangens Die Pater inter Ave cum Credo postulo pro se Christo 
sicque vale repetens mea metrica juste I Mille cccc quaterno L ter 
deno quoque quarto | vertilur hoc ssecla Christo regnare periclo | " — 
Chambre, 141). 



220 RITES OF DURHAM. 

a Lybrarie]. Now the Song' School. It was buill by Prior Wessington 
(1416 1446), and the books were gradually removed into it from the 
various places in which they had been kept before. See Catalogi 
Veteres, Suit. Soc, Vol. 7, p. ix. 

the Clocke], Originally placed behind the Rood-loft, ch. XVII. The case 
was made by Prior Castell (1494-1519) and contained much of his 
work, with additions by Dean Hunt (1632). It was a fine and stately 
work, and to any who now see the representation of it in Billings, 
PI. L, it will seem almost incredible that it was wantonly destroyed 
not long after the date of Billings's work (1843). " It was, till lately, 
surrounded with railing, and its panelled doors contained a per- 
spective view of the interior of the church, which is recollected not 
only as a curious specimen of the art of painting of that period (1632), 
but also as affording interesting information relative to the fabric 
itself."--Raine, Br. Ace, 29. 

well Replenished], No less than eleven ancient catalogues and lists of the 
books, from the 12th century downwards, are printed in Catalogi 
Veteres, together with an Appendix of illustrative documents. 

Wyndowe of the iiij Docters], This window has been filled with modern 
glass intended to represent the original as here described. In Scr. 
Tres, 153, the inscription is said to have been, "Virgo tuum natum 
fac nobis propitiatum." 

Te dcuin wyndowe]. Two or three of the tracery lights contained their 
original glass when this window was filled with the present Te Deuin 
glass, and these lights have been included in the new glazing. 

nyne order of Angells]. The three orders not named here are Principalities, 
Powers, Virtues. 

xvii, pp. 32—35- 

Jh'its mess]. In a Sacrist's Roll of 1535-6, Rolls, 418, we find 46s. 8d. from 
certain lands assigned " Officio Sacristan pro celebracione missse et 
antiphonai de Jhu coram magno Crucifixo singulis diebus veneris." 
This is not mentioned in the next preceding extant roll, that of 1486-7. 
The Jesus mass was in general the mass Nominis Jcsu (Missale 
Sarum, Burnt isl., 846). Rarely, perhaps, that De Quinque Vulncri- 
bus. Ibid., 751*, or that De Sancta Cruce, Ibid., 748*. At Lincoln there 
was, c. 1520-36, a " Jhesus mass" with organ accompaniment. — 
Maddison, Vicars Choral, pp. 24, 45. Bp. Smyth's will (1514) 
provided for the Missa de Nomine Jesu, or else one de quinque 
Vidneribus, to be sung on Fridays before a crucifix on the south side 
of the church, cum nota. — B. and W., II, lxxii n. ; Lincoln Dioc. 
Mag., XI, 74; Rolls, 418, 419. Dean Heywood, of Lichfield (1457- 
1492), provided for a Jesus mass and antiphon (tarn missam quam 
antiphonam nominis Jesu) ever)' Friday. — Archceologia, LII, 632. The 
Jesus altar and Jesus mass are often mentioned in Sandwich Wills, 
and there were " Wardens of Ihc Masse " at Reading. See N. E. D., 
under "Jesus," and "I.H.S.," and a valuable communication by 
Mr. Culhberl Atchley in All Saints' Clifton Par. Mag., Dec. 1901, on 
"Jesus-Mass and Jesus-Anthem." 



NOTES ON THE TEXT. 22 1 

a /aire high stent watt]. This would occupy the whole sprue between the 
two columns ; its sculptured ornamentation (see below) would fill up 
tlio west side of it. No certain indications ol the wall are now to be 
seen. Such a screen still remains al St. Albans. 

i"' two Roode Dores], Similar to those in the Neville Screen, and at St. 
Albans, etc., and see ch. II, p. 6. 

like vnto a porch]. I.e., an internal structure of wood such as those 
described in ch. xi. 

sewtes of vesttnentes]. A suit of vestments was often called a Vestment, and 
it consisted of albe, girdle, amice, fanon, stole, ami chasuble. Some- 
times it included the dalmatic and lunicle for the deacon ami 
sub-deacon, ami a cope tor the priest in the procession. 

a moste curiouse £~ fine table]. What is now called a triptych ; see the next 
sentence. 

two brode leves\. Together forming the whole west side of the " porch " or 
chapel ; " fore part " here seems to mean the part at which you first 
arrive, not the most " forward " or eastern part. 

/rone pikes]. Spikes were used in the same way for the Trellis-door, ch. 

XIX. 

Marie on thane syde, etc.]. Mary on the right or north side of the figure on 
the Rood, and John on the left. The addition of figures of Angels 
and Archangels to the Rood group was common in large and 
well-appointed churches. Alcuin Club Tracts, I, third ed., p. 45. 

one of ye goodliest monumtes]. Over the chancel arch of Brancepeth 
Church is fixed a coved canopy consisting of twenty-seven square 
compartments, each occupied by elaborate geometrical tracery, and 
no two alike. An illustrated monograph on these was published by 
Billings. There is also at Brancepeth another coved and panelled 
canopy with the instruments of the Passion, the Bull's head of Neville, 
and other heraldic devices. It has been conjectured that both the 
above may have been rescued from the general havoc by George 
Cliffe, one of the last monks of Durham, who became a prebendary 
and was afterwards rector of Brancepeth. The former one may 
have belonged to the Jesus Altar. 

a Loft]. The Rood-loft, in fact. There was also an organ-loft with a 
singers' desk on the north side ; see below, under Thomas Castell. 

ye clocke}. Removed to the south end of the transept when the Rood-loft 
was destroyed, and in its turn destroyed as related above, ch. XVI, note. 

where men dyd sytt]. Laymen probably, who may have frequented the 
church, or perhaps infirm monks. Compare the Cistercian Retro- 
chorus described in Hope's Fountains, 38. See note on "a lair long 
form " below, notes on eh. xxxvu. 

Jesus anthem]. See note on Jesus Mass, p. 220. The "Jesus Anthem" 
was a very favourite devotion in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, 
and we often meet with it, as here, in connexion with the "Jesus 
mass," as being sung every Friday, e.g. , at Bristol, Middleham, 
Lichfield, London, Salisbury, etc. At Lichfield, and probably 
everywhere, it was sung after compline on Fridays, as was Salve 
Regina at other times. See below, on ch. XI. in. One name o( this 



222 RITES OF DURHAM. 

anthem, " Salve of Jesus," seems to have been derived from its being 
an adaptation of the much earlier Salve Regina, known as "the Salve." 
It is probably to be identified with the Salve Rex, English versions of 
which may be seen in Burton's Three Primers, 1834, pp. 115, 367 ; 
Latin and English in All Saints' Clifton Par. Mag., Dec. 1901, 247 — 
249, from Primers of 1542 and 1555. 

Gallelei Belles]. See ch. xix. 

Thomas Castell], Prior 1494-1519. In his time, viz., in July, 1502, 
Richard Pooell, a courtier of Henry VII, was believed to be cured of 
a terrible rupture, at the shrine of St. Cuthbert. He (Castell) built 
the present west gateway of the Abbe)', with St. Helen's Chapel 
over it, and a priest's chamber. Here two priests administered the 
Holy Eucharist to all lay-folk who had made their confessions. He 
also repaired the window of the Four Doctors (ch. XVI) and bought 
two mills called the Jesus mills, which he gave to the church of 
Durham that he might be remembered in the Jesus mass. " Quo 
coram altari sepultus jacet in nave ecclesiae Dunelmensis, sub 
marmore cum ipsius imagine in aere cum isto epitaphio ; Mortuus 
hoc tumulo Thomas sub marmore duro | Castellus recubat pietatis 
turris ahena | In litteris doctor divinis munere Prior | Moribus 
excomptis et miti pectore charus | Statura mediocris erat virtute 
procerus | Dapsilis hospitibus structuris turn probe notus | Pauperibus 
laxo przebebat munera sinu | Nulli clausa bono sua janua mensa 
crumena | Suppliciter pro se dicito Credo Pater Ave | Qui legis haec 
quo sit ccelesti civis in aede | " — (Chambre in Scr. Tres, 152). 

a loo ft . . . contevninge a paire of orgaines\. Not "belonging to the 
quire " (see p. 207), but specially provided and placed for the Jesus 
mass and anthem. 

Johane Awckland], Prior 1484-1494. " Doctor in Theologia . . . Obiit 
A.D. 1494 et sepultus jacet in ecclesia Dunelmensi " (Chambre in 
Scr. Tres, 150). 

Johan Burrnbie]. Prior 1456-1464. He was elected Prior in 1456 on the 
resignation oi Prior W. Ebchester, having been Warden of Durham 
College, Oxford, and S.T.P. For a most interesting account of his 
family history and his life, see the Preface to the Durham Obituary 
Rolls, Surtees Soc, Vol. 31. 

his verces, etc.]. The epitaph has not been preserved, but the supposed 
stone is at present to be seen in the floor under the fifth arch from 
the west on the south side, not in its original place. It bears 
matrices of a small demi-figure with mitre and crosier, and of a large 
inscription-plate. 

a Rowc ofbleive marble]. The row of stones forming the cross of Frosterley 
marble, called in the table of contents of MS. C. "ye blew Crosse," is 
still to be seen in the floor between the two pillars next to the north 
door. The southern arm is about ir^ feet long by 1 foot across, 
the northern arm about 9 ft. 11 in. by 1 foot, and the "cross" or 
cross-piece 2 ft. 10 in. by 9^ in. Each of the long arms is in four 
pieces. For the sense of "cross" in line 5 ( = " cross-piece ") see 
N. E. D. under Cross, sb. II, 14. 



NOTES ON THE TEXT. 223 

XVIII, pp. 35—37* 
The causes wherfore, etc.]. Chapter win is a digression occasioned by the 
mention of the marble cross. The real reason for the exclusion of 
women is probably to be found in some disorders in the double 
monastery at Coldingham, where there were both monks and nuns 
(Symeon, Hist, Eccl. Duneltn., II, 7). This is the only reason 
assigned in the English Metrical Life of St. Cuthbert, c, 1450 (Surtees 
Soc.i Vol. 87, pp. 208 — 210). See further in note on ch. xxn. 
Women would, however, have been excluded by the ordinary 
monastic rules, independently of any special reasons such as were 
supposed to exist at Durham. The legend of the king's daughter is 
here translated from ch. xxvn of the Irish I. thelitis de orttt S. Cuihb. 
(in Misc. Biog., Surtees Soc, Vol. 8, p. 83). And from the time that 
the legend was promulgated, those who accepted it naturally 
connected it, as the writer here does, with the exclusion of women 
from St. Cuthbert's churches. It would gain much currency from 
being admitted into the Life of St. Cuthbert in the Nova Legenda 
{Qxf. ed., I, 217). Legends of a similar kind are of constant 
occurrence in hagiology. 

of ?««"// bookes there is one Intituled, etc.]. The Editor is not aware that any 
such book now exists. 

borders of ye Pictes]. So the Libelltts, but Bede does not take him further 
north than Old Melrose. 

Conueti]. Locus ille adhuc Corruen dicitur. — Libellus. Not identified, so 
far. Carham has been suggested. 

wlierevpon it came, etc.]. This is part of the Irish storv, which probably 
dales from the twelfth century, in its present form. 

XIX, p. 37—40. 
a trellesdonre\. The holes for the two cross-pieces that supported the 
trellis are distinctly visible in the columns. 

Iron pikes\. See ch. xvn. 

HaUewater stones]. The base of the column next to the north door is cut 
away to make room for the holy-water stone that was there placed : 
no other indications of it remain. 

yr Lady oj Pieties alter]. Our Lady of Piety or Pity, that is, the Virgin 
.Mother supporting the Dead Christ on her knees, the Madonna delta 
Pieta of Italian art, was a favourite object of devotion, and in 
Durham there was another altar in the Galilee, under the same 
dedication. The west side of the column mentioned in the last note 
has been cut away as if to make room for a reredos of considerable 
height ; it has been " restored " with new stone in recent times. 
There are no other indications of the altar. The designation " Our 
Lady of Piety " Or " Pity," occurs three times in Rites. The Roll 
has " Pieties' in all cases, but altered to " Pitties " in two of them. 
MS. Cosin has •• Pitties," with " Pietties" in the margin, " Pieties," 
and " Pitties." All the other MSS. and editions have some form of 
" Pitties " in all cases, except L., which has " Pieties " once. It 
may here be noted that the " vmage of pite " inserted in the British 



224 RITES OF DURHAM. 

Museum copy of Caxton's Pie, c. 1487, and elsewhere, is a different 
thing, and represents our Lord with the marks of His Passion as in 
the " Mass of St. Gregory." 

a verie fair skreene, etc. J. These words appear to relate to the altar, not to 
the holy-water stone. 

one of ye Mounckes did hallow, etc.]. The " Ordo ad faciendam aquam 
benedictam " may be seen in the manuals, and is often prefixed to 
missals. It is also called " Benedictio salis et aquae." — See Rolls, 
Index under Holy Water, and Scallop. 

the other stood, etc.]. This paragraph should be read with the concluding 
portion of the middle paragraph in ch. XX. Just at the junction of 
the aisle with the transept there is what looks like the lowest piece 
of a moulded base of " blue " marble, but it seems hardly large 
enough for the basin here described, nor again is it " at " or " close 
within " the south door. 

or Lady 0/ pieties alter]. Mentioned a little above, where see note. The 
two corners of the base of the column opposite to the site of this 
altar have been cut off, possibly in order to set up the wainscot 
inclosure, which would doubtless occupy the whole space between 
two pillars, and form a " porch " or chapel. 

Sancte saviours alter}. A modern tomb now occupies its site, but the 
remaining corner here described is still to be seen, broken off flush 
with the wall. 

the galleley steple}. The N.W. tower, which does not now contain any 
bells. 

or at such other tymes\. This reads as if the Bishop usually came for the 
principal feasts. The bells are still rung when the Bishop conies 
for any special purpose, such as an Ordination or Confirmation. 

Euery sonnday]. Every holy day and Sunday according to ch. XXII, p. 46, 
where the " faire iron pulpitt " is described. 

roung y<- forth quarter]. " Roung " means not merely tolled or knolled, a s 
for the first three quarters, but " rung up," that is, made to swing up 
a good height at each pull. In tolling, as here understood, the bell 
only swings so far as just to meet the clapper, and so in chiming. 

certaine officers, etc.]. The bells were not rung in peal, as in later times, 
but either separately for different purposes, or two or more together 
without any regular sequence, as still in France. It required more 
than one man to ring a heavy bell, and so they had " imps " or 
smaller ropes attached to the main rope, as also now in England 
for "raising" heavy bells. It will be observed that three of the 
bells had two, four, and six men charged with the ringing of them, 
according to the size of each bell. 

in y latter dayes of kyng Henrie the eighte]. In 1540. The smaller 
monastic houses had been suppressed in 1536. 

occupied}. Made use of ; an archaism, as in " Occupy till I come." 

Tho. Sparke}. He was of Durham College, Oxford, and took his B.D. 
degree in 1528, being then prior of Lindisfarne. In 1529 he came to 
the Abbey of Durham, and was Chamberlain at the Dissolution. In 
1537 he was consecrated bishop suffragan of Berwick. In 1541 he 



NOTES ON THE TEXT. 225 

became the Brsl prebendary of the third stall in Durham and Master 
ofGreatham Hospital, and in 1547 rector of Wolsingham. He died 
in 1571, holding all these preferments, and leaving behind bim "a 
myter sett withe stonis and perle silwr t v gilt " valued at 13/. 65. 8d. 
— Scriptores Tres, 156 ; Durham Wills and lnv. t I, 380, and note. 

synce y* was suspent]. The use of it suspended, i.e. at the suppression of 
the monastery. 

a goodly chyme]. Nolo that it was only on three bells, so that it could 
hardly have boon for tunes. Perhaps it was a chiming apparatus by 
means of which the " rounds," or, the six changes possible on three 
bells, could bo produced. A large chime-barrel, which had long 
remained disused in the Lantern, was brought down a few years ago, 
and, after lying for some time in the workmen's yard, was broken 
up. This, however, appeared, from the great number of iron pegs 
that it bore, to have belonged to apparatus more recent and 
elaborate than that of Bishop Sparke would be. Chimes for tunes 
had been in use for some time. There is a contract for a chime at 
Gloucester to play Chris/c Redemptor and Chorus Nova Jerusalem , 
dated 16th July, 1525. Hist., etc., Monasterii S. Petri Gloucestrice 
(Rolls Series), III, Intr. ex. 

a prison for ye Scotts]. See ch. VII, IX. 

XX, pp. 40 — 41. 

The South angle}. So in MS. Cosin, but H. 44 has " Alley," which is also 
the reading of the later editions ; L., C, and Davies have "South- 
Angle." The writer no doubt meant the south-east corner of the 
body of the church, including the aisle. AH the editions have 
" angle " just below. 

Robert Neivell]. Bishop 1438-1457. He desired in his will to be buried in 
the Galilee, near the shrine of the Ven. Bede, before the altar of the 
same {Scr. Tres, cccxli). This appears not to have been done ; it is 
stated in the tract on the Origin and Succession of the Bishops, 
written in 1603, and probably before the destruction of his monu- 
mental inscription, that he " lieth buried on the south part of Durham 
Church." There can be little doubt, therefore, that he was buried 
in the Neville chapel, and that the despoiled slab now lying beside 
one of the Neville tombs is that of the bishop. We have, however, no 
description with which to compare it. The matrix shows a bishop 
in his mitre, holding the crosier in his right hand and a scroll in his 
left. The principal inscription has been on a plate below the feet. 

a /aire Allablaster table]. A sculptured reredos of alabaster. Alabaster is 
easily worked, and as durable as marble indoors, though rapidly 
perishing when exposed to the weather. Such "tables" were by 
no means uncommon. They seem to have been made in large 
numbers at Nottingham, near which place alabaster abounds (or at 
least formerly did), in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. See 
Archaologia, LI I, 679. 

'5 



226 RITES OF DURHAM. 

invyroned ivth lrone\. Some of the holes where the iron rails were fixed in 
are to be seen in the bases of two of the pillars. The south wall of 
the Neville chantry shows some remains of decorative colouring 1 . It 
had a five-light Perpendicular window which was destroyed, together 
with its heraldic glazing, in 1849, in order to insert an imitation- 
Norman window, when the whole south side of the nave was refaced. 
See Billings, PI. viii. In the same wall is a small recess like a 
locker ; it seems to have been protected by iron bars that have been 
wrenched out. 

behinde ye church doure\. That is, to the east of the south-east doorway 
from the cloister, as far as the respond facing the S.W. pier of the 
Lantern. 

a chambre]. An upper chamber, over the vestibule of the south-east door- 
way. It must have been lighted by the Decorated window shown in 
Billings, PI. viii. 

iiij pillers]. One being at each corner of the vestibule, the four sides of 
which were " sett out " in the way described. The two northern 
pillars have had their bases cut away and grooved for the wainscot 
screen. 

in ye mydes, etc.]. It is not easy to make out the exact position of the holy- 
water stone mentioned in this chapter, called " the other " in ch. XIX. 
On the whole it seems most likely that it stood in front of the 
wainscot facing the south-east door, and that a sort of canopy like 
the soundboard of a pulpit, with the great star on its under side, 
projected from the wainscot, over the basin. There are holes "as 
if for fixing a canopy " over a holy-water basin at Fountains. — Hope, 
Fountains, in Yorks. Arch. Journal, XV, 309. The "moulded base" 
mentioned in the note on p. 224, 1. 13, may have belonged to a smaller 
basin not mentioned in Rites. In the note p. 224, 1. 4, read, "relate 
not to the altar, but to the holy-water stone." It is clear that both 
the holy- water stones had wainscot screens and canopies, painted 
blue with gilt stars. 

an alter wth a Roode\. The projecting course of the west side of the base 
of the column is cut away to make more room for this altar. It 
would almost appear from this passage that the word " Rood " 
sometimes denoted a figure of Christ not on the Cross. But there 
may have been a cross behind the figure. Indulgences were 
attached to the " Altare Sanctae Crucis," probably the same as this 
one " of the Bound Rood." — App. VI, Nos. xlii, lvi, pp. 155, 158. 
MSS. L., C, and the editions of Hunter and Sanderson, have the 
reading " Bonn}- Rood." 

inclosed, etc.]. See ch. xix, p. 38. 

the grate, etc.]. See ch. xxi, p. 42. 

XXI, pp. 41 — 42. 

The Sanctuary\. On the history of ecclesiastical sanctuaries, see Diet. 
Christian Antiquities, s.v., the Introduction to the Surtees volume of 
Durham and Beverley Sanctuary records, and the earlier authorities 
cited, particularly Pegge's article in Arch apologia, Vol. VIII, p. 1. 

all the circuyte therof]. The circuits of Sanctuaries were usually marked 
by crosses on the main roads leading to them. On the mile-crosses 



NOTES ON THK TEXT. 227 

al Ripon, see Mem. Ripon, I, 33, 90. Neville's Cross (ch. xv) and the 
"Leaden Cross" formerly at the top of Gilesgate probably served 
as sanctuary crosses. Two others, on the south side of the city, 
called in later times Philipson's Cross and Charley Cross, may have 
served the same inn pose. The base of the latter still remains, and 
both were standing iii about 17S0, when drawings were made of them. 
See Brit. Mus., Kaye Collection, Vol. II, N09. 227, 228. 

knocking & Rapping}. The well-known bronze knocker still remains on 
the north door. Vor representations of it, see Carter, PI. xi ; 
Sanctuarium Dunelm. ci Beverlac. Surtees Soc, Vol. 5, p. xxiv ; 
Billings, title ; Greenwell, title ; J. T. Fowler, Durh. Cath., 61. 

two chambers}. Over the north porch, which has been deplorably mutilated 
and " Gothicised," are still left some slight remains of the chambers, 
to be seen on the inside. They opened by a staircase, which 
remains, into the triforium, through a round-headed doorway, and 
were lighted by two small round-headed windows, still visible though 
blocked up, looking into the aisle. Carter's engraving shows the 
outside as it was previous to the last great alteration. It appears to 
have been extended in the thirteenth century by two great buttresses 
carrying an acutely pointed arch over which was a lofty gable. See 
Greenwell, 47, and engraving in Durham Arch. Trans., Vol. V, p. 29, 
pi. i. 

y gallelei Bell}. The present tenor bell, recast 1693, bears the inscription, 
" Camp. S. Cuthberti olim Galalea." 

Sand* Cuthb: cross]. We have no means of knowing what the precise 
form of this cross was. There is no ancient authority for the modern 
" St. Cuthbert's Cross," a cross patee quadrate, as borne in the arms 
granted to the University of Durham in 1843. 

such a frelige}. Franchise or privilege. See Freelage in N. E. D. 

agrafe]. In the shaft of the western respond that stands next to the nave 
are two holes where iron portions of this grate may have been 
fastened in. 

king Gulhrid}. Guthred, under-king in Northumbria, 883-894. He may 
well have been devoted to St. Cuthbert, for the Saint appearing in a 
vision to the abbot of Luercestre (Carlisle) had directed that he 
should be raised from servitude to the throne. — Hist, de S. Cuthb. in 
Surtees Symeon, p. 143. 

king Alvred}. Alfred the Great, regarded as king of all England, 871-901. 
On the confirmation by these two kings of the lex pads, attributed to 
St. Cuthbert himself in the first instance, see above, p. 137, and Sym. 
Dunelm., Historite Recapitulatio, in Surtees Symeon, p. 73. Alfred, 
as well as Guthred, probably thought that he was under the special 
protection of St. Cuthbert. See the Metrical Life of St. Cuthbert, 
p. 126, notes; E. A. Freeman, Old Engl. Hist., 1873, p. 130; C. 
Plummer, Alfred the Great, 1902, p. 62. 

</ moste fvne large wyndowe\. This window was made and inserted in the 
Norman west front during the priorate of John Possor, 1341-1374 
(Scr. Tres, p. 1 ;,-•). 



228 RITES OF DURHAM. 

Rate of Jessei], The genealogy of our Lord represented by figures 
standing on the branches of a tree growing out of a figure of Jesse 
was a very favourite subject for painted glass, and is most frequently, 
as here, found associated with tracery of the Decorated period. 
The ancient glass has disappeared from this Durham Jesse window, 
but the original subject has been adopted in the modern glazing. 
Some small portions of the old glass, including a Crucifixion, 
remembered to have come from the uppermost light, and some 
terminal branches of the tree have been inserted in one of the 
modern windows in the north aisle of the choir. The " Root of 
Jesse " was more usually represented in the great east window, as at 
Selby, Wells, Carlisle, Morpeth, etc. On this subject see Representa- 
tions of the Tree of Jesse, etc., by James Fowler, Selby, 1890. 

in ye top of ye said wyndowe]. That is, not in the topmost tracery 
light, if it was originally occupied by the Crucifixion, but in the 
uppermost part of the window, in one of the large tracery lights 
towards the top. But compare the account of the Jesse window in 
the Chapter-house, p. 56. The Crucifixion subject mentioned in the 
last note may have been put into the uppermost light after the 
destruction of the original glass. 

XXII, pp. 42—51. 

appoynted for ivomen\. Symeon relates (ch. xxii) why it really was that 
women were excluded from churches of St. Cuthbert. It was on 
account of disorders at Coldingham, which are referred to by Bede 
in Eccl. Hist., IV, 25. The monastery there at first included both 
monks and nuns, but after St. Cuthbert became bishop he separated 
them entirely for all future time, and caused a church for women to 
be built on Holy Island, which was called the Grene Cyrice, or 
Church on the Green. In the Metrical Life of St. Cuthbert (c. 1450) 
we are told " pis custome is ^it at durham," line 7205). In ch. 
xvill, above, the custom is connected with the fabulous story of the 
temptation of St. Cuthbert by a king's daughter. The Durham 
feeling may have been accentuated by its being recorded that St. 
Carilef, the patron of the monastery from which the first Norman 
bishop came, excluded women from his church. See pp. 133, 134. 

The actes of ye B. ca. 26]. So the MSS., but the printed editions say, " of 
the Bishops." In Durham Wills and Inventories (Surtees Soc), 
Vol. I, p. 2, certain ornamenta of Bishop Flambard are mentioned 
with the words " sicut habetur in gestis Episcoporum," the reference, 
perhaps, being to a passage in the Continuatio of Symeon, cap. i, 
Rud's edition, p. 258. But we do not find anything upon the naming 
of the Galilee there, or in the passages relating to that building in 
the continuators known as Scriptores Tres (sometimes entitled " Hist. 
Eccl. Dunelm. et successio Episcoporum " (Wood's City of Oxford, 
Oxf. Hist. Soc, II, 264), and "the booke entituled The Acts of the 
B." remains to be identified. As to the term " Galilee," see note a 
little below. 

Hugo Bushop oj Durhm], Hugh de Puiset or Pudsey, 1153-1195. He was 
a son of a Count of Bar, and said to be a nephew of King Stephen, 



NOTES ON THE TEXT. 229 

but in what way does not appear. He was a powerful and ambitious 
prelate, and a great builder. See Scr. Tres, 1 ■, 12, and, on his 
buildings, Mr. Longstaffe in Durh, Arch, Trans., I, 1-8. 

/'</><• Athanasius]. So the MSS. and Davies. Hunter and Sanderson say 
" Paschalis II," and the date is wrong in all the MSS. and editions. 
Bishop Pudsey was consecrated at Rome by Anastatius IV, "in 
festivitate S. Thomas Apostoli " (Sir. Tres, 6). Slubbs says Dec. 20 
[Reg. Sacr. Aug!., 1897, p. 47). 

but a fewe yeres]. The church, all but the towers, was finished about 
1 1;,.; 1140. 

til ye ras/ otd\. A very usual place for a Lady Chapel, particularly when 
the east end of the choir was not occupied by the shrine of a local 
saint, as at Durham it was. 

sundry pillers]. In the tract on the Origin, etc., of the Bishops of Durham, 
compiled in 1603 and printed in 1779, p. 14, it is said that these 
pillars " were brought by shippe ready wrought to Xewcastle, and 
from thence by carriage to Durham." Gaufridus de Coldingham says, 
" A transmarinis partibus deferebantur columpnae et bases mar- 
moreal." — Scr. Tres, p. 11. The pillars are of Purbeck marble, and 
would be brought by sea from Poole in Dorsetshire. 

great rifles apperinge\. The shrinking and cracks in Pudsey's intended 
building doubtless arose from too little care having been taken about 
the foundations, although, as we are told, there were too many 
masters. The plateau of solid rock on which the church stands 
(alls away at the east end, so that in order to obtain a good 
foundation it would have been necessary to go much deeper than the 
old builders commonly did. From the same cause that affected 
Pudsey's work at the east end, his Galilee at the west end of the 
church was at one time in danger, and, but for Langley s massive 
buttresses, would probably ha\e fallen down into the river. See 
Greenwell, p. 50. 

not acceptable to god, etc.]. This suggestion, and indeed almost the whole 
paragraph, is translated from Coldingham in Scr. Tres, p. 11. It 
was usual for women to have access to Lady Chapels. 

east end . . . vest angle]. H. 45 has " east end," "west end"; Cos., 
"east end," west angle ; H. 44, the same. L., C, and Davies have 
"angle" in both places; Hunter has "East Angle" and "West 
end " in both his editions ; Sanderson the same. The word " angle " 
was loosely used in the sixteenth century of an outlying spot without 
reference to shape. See N. E. D. on ANGLE sb. 4. 

called the galleley by reason, etc. J. This idea has probably been suggested 
by St. Jerome's explanations of Galgala as Rota, Revoluiio, and 
Galilaea as I'olubt'l/s, founded on the Hebrew galal, to roll, hence. 
remove. The real reason is given in Ruperti Tuitensis de D/v. Off., 
lib. v, cap. 8, and lib. vii, cap. J 1 — 24 (Migne, P. L., Vol. 170). 
Sunday is the weekly festival of the Resurrection, and in the Sunday 
procession the person of greatest dignity tjoes first, the rest following 
him in their order, symbolizing Christ going before the disciples into 
Galilee after the Resurrection (St. Mark xvi, 7 ; St. Matthew xxviii, 
10). " L'nde locum quoque, quo suprema stationo processionem ter- 



2,30 RITES OF DURHAM. 

minatnus, nos Galilaeam nominamus." See also Hutchinson, Durham, 
II, 7 m., where a note on the subject is quoted from Durham 
Chapter MS., A. IV, 13. The same note is printed in Rud's Catalogue 
0/ the MSS., p. 66. The Lady Chapel at Durham was called Galilcea 
before 1186, as appears in a charter quoted by Greenwell, p. 49H. 
At Ely, Bishop Eustace constructed a new Galilee at the west end. — 
Ang. Sac, I, 634. At Lincoln the Galilee porch is at the south-west 
corner of the great transept, and, as at Durham, an ecclesiastical 
court was held in the place so named, " curia vocata le Galilee." 
At Byland the west porch was called the Galilee. — Hope, Fountains, 
in Yorks. Arch. Journal, XV, 312. There are several quotations con- 
cerning monastic Galilees in Ducange, s.v. Galilcea, and for Durham 
the Index to Rolls may be consulted, under " Galilee." 
a table there sett vp\. As was no doubt very commonly done in such cases. 
ye Cantarie}. Bishop Langley's chantry-chapel, founded in 1414, now 
destroyed, but standing in 1603 ; " upon the toppe of the doore 
whereof his Amies are sett" (Origin and Succession of Bishops, as 
printed in 1779, p. 23). " Istam cantariani ex marmore in Galilaea 
fundavit, . . . cum armis artificiose in summitate ejusdem ostii in 
marmore insculptis, cujus sumptibus tota Galilaea reparabatur ad sum- 
mam ^499 6s. 8d.," So: Tres, 146. The door-head here referred to 
has been preserved ; it has shields with Bishop Langle3 - 's arms in the 
spandrels and at the sides. The chantry would be a small internal 
chapel with open tracery in the sides, like those of the same period 
(1406-37) elsewhere. It is shown by Carter's and other old plans 
and drawings, as well as by existing indications, that it occupied a 
space of about 24 feet by 13 feet, bounded on each side by two of 
the Galilee arches. Its floor was raised a step above that of the 
Galilee, as may be seen in old views, e.g., the engraving in Smith's 
Bede, p. 805, and Carter's drawing reproduced in Durham and 
Northnmb. Arch. Trans., V, PI. iv. 
Our La : alter]. The mensa, with its crosses, now lies where the altar 
stood. Its size is about 8 ft. 3 ins. by 4 ft. See Billings, PI. xxxiv. 
Below the floor-level, to the S.W., is a sort of channel that may have 
been connected with a floor-piscina. 
curious ivainscott ivoorke]. Wantonly destroyed in 1845, when the masonry 
with which Langley closed up the great west doorway was taken 
down. The present unmeaning oak doors were put up in 1846. The 
wainscot work is shown in old drawings, and in Billings, PI. xxxvi. 
Carter's drawings (one in the possession of Canon Greenwell, and 
B.M. Add. 29,933, Nos. 62, 63) show the reredos and canopy with 
the fine aumbry overhanging the doorway on the South and another 
on the North. Several inscriptions remained on the reredos, as, 
" Sea Maria . . " " Sea Maria regina celi," " Sea Maria Mater 
Xpi," "Sea Maria virgo virginum," etc., but the rest are frag- 
mentary. These inscriptions were referred to by the late Dr. 
Townsend in a sermon preached in the Galilee before they were 
destroyed. Raine says they were "in letters of gold." — Brief Ace, 
8yi. So Billings, p. 33. Carter's drawings are reproduced in 
Durham and Northumberland Arch. Transactions, Vol. V, Plates iv, 



NOTES ON THE I EXT. 231 

v, vi ; pp. 29 36. A few small portions of its perforated tracery, 
very like the geometrical tracery al Brancepeth Church, have been 
used to ornament the pulpit at Croxdale. For Langley's masonry, 
ami the little doorway through it, see Billings, PI. xxxiv, xxxvi, 
xxxviii. The Norman arcade shown in tin- plates seems to have 
been made of the old materials taken out for the fifteenth-century 
doorways. 

was song- duly by ye nf . . . playing- vpon, etc.]. The meaning must be 

that the singing of the parts of the mass allotted to the choir was 
managed by the master of the Song School, who also played on a 
pair of organs which must have been placed in the Galilee. 

Mr John Brimley], Master of choristers and organist from 1557 to 1576. 
He was one of those who were called to account in connexion with 
the Rising of the North in 1569, and the restoration of the mass 
according to the earlier rite, in Durham Cathedral. He owned that 
he was twice at mass, but sang- not himself at mass, only played the 
organs, and did help to sing- Salves at Matins and Evensong, and 
went in procession after the Cross. He received holy water, but no 
holy bread, to his witting, yet he knelt to be reconciled and bad 
others do so. He knew not what was woorde (become) of the grail 
that he commonly used for the teaching of the children. In his partial 
conformity he acted under compulsion. — Durham Depositions (Surtees 
Society), 148. When the sacring bell rang, Oliver Ashe, curate of 
St. Giles's, " looked towerd the priest, but he could not decern the 
elevacion ; whereupon he loked up to Mr. Bromley {sic) then in the 
loft over the queir door, and smiled at hym." — lb., 137. Mr. Brimley 
was allowed to go down to his grave in peace. When examined in 
1569 he was 67 years of age. He died in 1576, being then 74, and 
was laid to rest in the Galilee just west of the west end of the 
Chantry, which had not then been pulled down. Over his grave is a 
stone with matrices of an inscription plate and shield that have 
apparently belonged to some one else, and under these, with an 
initial pomegranate incised, the linos, " lOHN BR1MLEIS BODY HERE 
DOTH LY I WHO PRAYSKI) GOD WITH HANI) AND VOICE | BY MVSICKES 
Ill.AYENLIE IIARMONIE DVLL MYNDES HE MAID IN GOD REIOICE | 
HIS SOVL INTO THE KEAVENES IS LYFT | TO PRAYSE HIM STILL THAT 
GAVE THE GYFT | OBIIT AO DN1 1576. OCTO. 13." One stanza of 
the epitaph of Thomas Tallis, at Greenwich (Rimbault, Cheque-book 
of Chapel Rural, 193, from Strype, in his edition of Stowe's Survey, 
1720, Circuit Walk, p. 90), might have served for John Brimley. " He 
serv'd long Tyme in Chappel with grete Prayse, Power Sovereygnes 
Reygnes (a Thing not often seen), I mean Kyng Henry and Prynce 
Edward's dayes, Quene Mary, and Elizabeth oure Quene." In one 
of the old MS. music books at Durham Cathedral is " Mr Brimley 
his Kerrie," followed by a Credo. 

ie ll > eertaine deeons\. This shows that it was what is now commonly called 
a High Mass, i.e. one celebrated with deacon and sub-deacon. 
" High Mass" is properly the principal mass of the day. 

Bushop Langiei], Thomas Langley, Dean of York, 1401 ; Lord High 
Chancellor, 1405 ; in the same year Archbishop-elect of York, and 



232 RITES OF DURHAM. 

1406 to 1437 Bishop of Durham. In 1406 he ceased to be chancellor ; 
in 141 1 he was made a cardinal ; in 1414 ambassador in France ; in 
1417 to 1422 and 1423 to 1425 chancellor again. At York Minster he 
left a splendid memorial in the St. Cuthbert window, which was 
made by his direction, probably in his lifetime ( Yks. Arch. Jrnl., 

IV, 260, 273). On his alterations in the Galilee, and other works 
there and elsewhere, see Scr. Tres, 146 ; Green well, 78-80. In his 
will (Scr. Tres, ccxli) he provides for his burial " in ecclesia mea 
Dunelmensi in capella beats Maria? Virginis vocata le Galilee, in 
loco ad hoc jam per me disposito." The deed of foundation of 
this chantry, dedicated to the Blessed Virgin and St. Cuthbert, dated 
June 18, 1414, is preserved in the Treasury ; 3cia 3013: Pont. No. 7. 
For a list of his works and gifts see Durham Wills and Inventories 
(Surtees Society), I, 88 ; Rolls, Index under Langley. 

did reedefye and buyld anew}. This is over-stated. What Langley did was 
to put on a new roof, insert the three central windows in the west 
end, and strengthen the west wall by massive buttresses, between 
two of them building a small apartment which has been thought to 
be a vestry, but which by the discovery of a well in 1896 has been 
shown to be a well-house. There is a lower well-house opening on 
the path, where the public could dip vessels into the well, which is 
lined with lead at the bottom. — Durham and Northumb. Arch. Trans., 

V, 24 — 28, and Plates. Bishop Langley blocked up the great west 
door, making new ones at the sides. In front of the doorway he 
placed Our Lady's altar, and before that his own tomb. For this 
work and for his chantry chapel and woodwork see above, p. 230. 
He added to the original twin shafts of Purbeck marble shafts of 
stone, turning them into clustered columns of four shafts, with 
capitals and bases to his new shafts copied from those on the old 
ones. We find in 1432-5 : — Empcio lapidum. Item in 29 futhers 
lapidum empl. pro columpnis Galileae, 56s. 9%d. Item in 12 (ut 
supra) cum cariagio, 175. jd. — Misc. Chart., Nos. 5719-20 ; Green- 
well, 8o«. 

two . . . Aumeryes\. Destroyed in 1845, shown in Billings, PI. xxxvi. 
The lower part of the one on the south side has been in a deep recess 
hewn out of the side of the great doorway ; see Billings, PI. xxxiv, 
and note above, p. 230; also Durham and Northumb. Arch. Trans., 
V, PI. iv, v. 

a /aire marble Towme\. This remains, and is somewhat peculiar in its 
construction. The top stone is fully ten feet in length, by nearly six 
feet across, and quite plain on its upper surface. At its eastern end 
it comes close up to the altar-slab, so that the celebrating priest 
stood at the bishop's feet. Six feet of it project westward into the 
Galilee, with six stone steps on either side. Round the cornice ot 
the projecting portion runs a chase for a marginal inscription on 
brass, now lost. On the west end or head of the tomb are three 
panels, each containing a large shield with the bishop's arms- 
Scr. Tres, 147 ; Billings, PI. xxxiv, xxxvi. 

he founded, etc.]. Cf. Scr. Tres, 146. The Place Green is now usually 
called the Palace Green. Bishop Langley's schools have been in 



NOTES ON THE TEXT. 233 

some sort succeeded by the present Grammar School, which claims 
Henry VIII as its founder, and by the Cathedral Choir School. His 
school buildings wore reconstructed by Bishop Cosin. One, the 
" Old Grammar School," is now used by the University as a lecture- 
room, the other as the University Museum. 

i"' I -ndy of pieties alter]. For another altar with tin's dedication, see 

above, pp. 38, 41, jjj, 224. On the sides of the recess in the Galilee 
in Front of which the altar of Our Lady of Pity stood are contemporary 
paintings of a king and bishop, probably St. Oswald and St. Cuth- 
bert, while within the soffit and at the back of the same recess are 
bands of beautiful conventional leaf pattern characteristic of the 
twelfth century, under which is a representation of hangings. The 
painting in the middle of the hangings has been defaced, and 
probably contained the picture of Our Lady of Pity, which seems to 
have been an insertion, as there are no signs of any canopy or 
enclosing compartment. For references concerning these paintings 
see C. E. Keyser, List of Buildings having Mural Decorations, 
3rd edition, 1883, p. 90. Canon Greenwell suggests that the 
original altar of Our Lady may have been removed by Langley from 
this recess to the central one when the latter was walled up, and 
that of Our Lady of Pity moved at the same time to this recess from 
the one to the north of it, when the doorway was made there. On 
the north side of the recess is a curious almsbox constructed in the 
wall, with inclined planes leading down to the slit at the top ; this 
is not mentioned in Rites, nor is it shown in Carter's PI. i, which, 
however, is merely an ornamental title, and is incorrect in showing an 
unbroken line of hangings and ornament. The almsbox is indicated 
in Billings, PI. xxxiv, xxxvi. 

or saviours passion]. No traces of these pictures are left. They were 
probably on wood, tabula? such as are frequently mentioned in 
connexion with altars elsewhere. See Rolls, Index under Tabula;. 

betwixt two pillers]. The pillars being N. and S. of the monument, not 
E. and YV. Billings, PI. iii, v, xxxvi, xxxvii. 

a goodly rnonuwt]. See further in ch. XLix, p. 96, LII, p. 103. 

ye said throwghe\. "Through'' is a tombstone or tomb. See ch. VIII, 
note, p. 207, and ch. xliv, p. 87. 

to drawe vf> and downe]. The wooden pulley still attached to the roof 
seems to be too small and too far to the west to have served for 
lifting the cover, and as there is a similar pulley on the other side of 
the Galilee, in front of the site of the altar of Our Lady of Pity, both 
probably were for the suspension of lights. There is a rough sketch 
of one of them in Durham and Xorthutnb. Arch. Trans., Y, PI. vi. 

the auncyent historic]. Not identified. See p. 198, but the verses on p. 45 
are not in Sir. Trcs. 

a feretcr of gold o~ silver]. " Feretrum quoque ex aura et argento, in quo 
ossa Venerabilis Beda; presbyteri et Doctoris ferre decrevit, ex 
studio artificum tanta diligentia compositum, ut quid magis in eo 
pracstet, opus an decor, attrectantibus inerito venial in dubium." — 
Scr. Tres, p. 1 1 . 



2^4 RITES OF DURHAM. 

venerable bede}. The usual designation of Bede appears to have been, like 
many other titles, simply an adjective in the first instance. It would be 
familiar to the clergy in the headings of homilies from Bede in the 
Lectionaries, and afterwards in the Breviaries, thus, Homilia 
venerabilis Bedte Presbyteri. See D'Achery and Mabillon, in Acta 
SS. Ord. Ben., Maij 26, anno 735, p. 517. The learned Benedictines 
do not even refer to the legends that professed to account for the 
title, and Trithemius, who wrote in 1494, says of them " deliramenta 
hsec facillime confutarem." — De Scr. Eccl., p. 66, in Fabricii Bibliuth. 
Eccl., Hamb., 1718. In the Legenda Aurea, Nuremb. 1496, Leg. 
clxxvi, §1b, followed by the Nova Legenda Anglice, Lond., 1 5 16, 
xxxvz>., xxxvi, Oxf. ed. (1901), I, m, two reasons are given for 
the title: — (1) Once when Bede had become blind and was passing 
through a valley full of stones, he was told, in derision, that a 
large congregation was waiting to hear him preach. Then 
he preached fervently, and when he concluded with " per omnia 
saecula sajculorum " the stones cried out "Amen, venerabilis 
pater" ; (2) A certain clerk, wishing to write an epitaph on him, 
began with the words, " Hac sunt in fossa," but could think of 
nothing but " Bedse sancti ossa " to finish the verse with. Coming 
to the tomb, after a sleepless night spent in trying to think of words 
that would scan better, he found that Angel hands had inscribed 
" Beda? venerabilis ossa." There is a third story to the effect that 
the title was decreed to him in Rome, which city he certainly never 
visited, for his acuteness in assigning a new interpretation to the 
initial letters over an iron gate, S.P.Q.R., " Stultus Populus Quasrit 
Romam," with reference to the Goths swarming to Rome, and that 
on his return he died and was buried at Genoa. — Baring Gould, 
Lives of the Saints, May 27. It is stated in the Legenda Aurea 
that the bones of Bede were honoured with due devotion at Genoa 
(ianua). This statement is quoted in the Legenda Anglian, but in 
order to be corrected by a verius tamen creditur, that they were 
with St. Cuthbert's body in his shrine. 

poscente Richardo, etc.]. Concerning this Richard, see Rolls, Intr., Iviii, 
and p. 597. 

lapide sub mamioreo]. There is a blue marble grave-slab, much scaled, 
but showing traces of brasses, still lying at the west end of the 
present tomb of Bede. 

the discription, etc.]. The writer is probably referring to Symeon's Hist, of 
Ch. of Durham, lib. Ill, cap. vii (Rud's ed., p. 158), where we are told 
how Elfred the presbyter brought the bones of Bede from Jarrow to 
Durham, secretly, as would appear. But when asked by his intimate 
friends where Bede's bones were, he would say " Nemo me certius 
novit," and that they were in the same chest with the body of St. 
Cuthbert. Symeon goes on to refer to the old English poem on 
Durham and the relics there, in which, after mentioning Cuthbert's 
and other famous relics, the writer says, " Is Serinne mid heom 
& ^ESelwold biscop | & breoma bocera Beda & Boisil abbot | 
— Symeori, Surtees ed., I, 153. Lastly he mentions their having 
been found in a linen bag with the uncorrupt body, but separate from 
other relics, not long before his time (c. 1060 — c. 1 130). 



NOTES ON IIIK TEXT. 235 

in a golden Coffin, II. 45]. " the coffin," i.e. St. Cuthbert'.s, is the right 
reading'. The Hunter MS. refers to Bishop Pudsey's "Fereter" 
mentioned above. Thai shrine) as we learn From ihe inscription just 
above, was removed from "nigh St. Cuthbert shryne" into the 
Galilee in 1370. 

ye alter of St, Beede], At the recess corresponding to thai where tin- 
Altar of Our Lady of Pity stood, there is a place for a good-sized 
locker. Billings, PI. xxxvi. 

ye same place where his shrine was before exalted]. The spot is marked by 
the large plain tomb made when the shrine was defaced in 154-'. 
In 1830 the tomb was examined down to the pavement level. In 
1831, on St. Bede's day (May 27), a more thorough examination was 
made, and many of the bones of a human skeleton were found, three 
feet below the floor, arranged in their places, so far as they went, in 
a coffin of full size, traces of which remained. The legendary 
inscription, " Hac sunt in fossa Beda: venerabilis ossa," was soon 
afterwards cut upon the upper slab. — Raine, Br. Ace, 79 ; 5/. 
Cutlib., 178. The present tomb may be regarded as the tribute of the 
sixteenth and nineteenth centuries to the memory of Bede as a man 
of letters. Writing about " The reverend Bede," Camden says, 
" And that I may incidently note that which I have heard : Not 
many yeeres since a French Bishop returning- out of Scotland, 
comming to the Church of Durham, and brought to the shrine of 
Saint Cuthbert, kneeled downe, and after his devotions, offered a 
Baubie, saying 1 : ' Sancte Cuthberte, si sanctus sis, ora pro me ' : But 
afterward, beeing brought vnto the Tombe of Beda, saying likewise 
his Orisons, offered there a French crowne, with this alteration, 
' Sancte Beda, quia sanctus es, ora pro me '." — Remaines, 1614, p. 249. 

an elegant Epitaph], The epitaph written on vellum has long disappeared, 
but the inscription is printed in Smith's Bede (1722), p. 823, where the 
last line is given as " IIa;c sunt in fossa Beda? Venerabilis Ossa." 

a /aire Iron pulpitt). There are now no traces either of this pulpit or of 
the steps. 

a fountc for baptising of children]. See Scr. Tres, 147. The privilege 
extended to the administration of all the Sacraments. 

-.i'hen ye realme was interdicted]. The writer is mistaken in this matter, 
for there had been no interdict since 1208 13. The words of \V. de 
Chambre in Scr, Tres arc, " Hit-" (so. Tho. Langley) " etiam 
liber t at es quasdam a Papa procuravil pro lavacro, quod collocavit 
in Galilaja in ecclesia Ditnelmensi cui virtute praedicta: concessionis 
omnes excommunicati ad Alios baptizandos, cum nullibi per totum 
filios baptizare liceret, et ad reliquorum omnium sacramentorum 
adniinistralionem accederent." 

foure faire coulored . . . wyndowes]. There are five windows in all. 
Perhaps the one at the west end of the north aisle was blocked up, 
or did not contain coloured glass when (he account was written. 
There is now no coloured glass in any of the Galilee windows except 
in the tracery-lights of the three windows inserted by Langley in the 

middle of the wesl side. These will be noticed in their places. 



236 RITES OF DURHAM. 

et patrie). I.e. of the Bishopric or land of the Haliwerfolk or folk of the 
holy man. 

in his bh'7ve habitt apparell\. Blue glass commonly stood for black in 
representations of monastic habits, as in the St. Cuthbert window at 
York. Sometimes purple glass was used in the same way. 

six title glasned lightes). These are now all filled with patchwork of old 
fragments in which no parts of the original subjects can be recog- 
nized. In the extreme tops of three of the lights are large stars of 
many rays, which may be original. 

cuius anima]. This curious expression, referring to St. Oswald's head, is 

perhaps unique in this sense. On the skull, see Archceologia, LVII, 

24. 
holie Kinge Henry). Henry VI, who was canonized in popular estimation, 

and was within a little of being so officially. For his pilgrimage to 

Durham in 1448, see Appendix II, p. 122. 

Historie of ye monasticall Church], The reference may be to Scriptores 
Tres, p. 146 ; hardly, perhaps, to this present work, p. 44. 

six litle glasened toivre wyndowes]. The usual term in the "Description," 
Appendix I, for the upper lights in Perpendicular windows is turret 
lights. A good deal of the glazing in these six lights has the appear- 
ance of being original. In the third from the south is Our Lady, riding 
on an ass, in a long white robe parti}' over her head like a veil, and 
partly wrapped round the child, whose head is covered by a cloth 
showing the face. She has a plain nimbus and the child a cruciferous 
one. There is part of the figure of Joseph with a staff, but it is 
displaced. The background is gone, and the original glazing of the 
next light also, else we might have the idols falling and the trees 
bending, according to the legend. In the fifth light from the south is 
Our Lady standing, with long flowing hair, holding up the child 
towards a group of about ten nimbed figures of persons gazing on 
the child. On the ground is something like an empty cradle. In the 
sixth light are several more persons of both sexes, some nimbed and 
others not, gazing on the child in the fifth light. In the second light 
are eight nimbed and white-robed figures walking and eight seated 
on the ground, and in the first are nine similar figures, with their hands 
crossed over their breasts ; all are gazing in the direction of the 
Virgin and Child on the ass. There is nothing now to be seen in 
the least like Herod pursuing. There seems to be nothing in the 
Golden Legend to account for the gazing figures in four of these six 
lights, or to the showing of the child to a multitude of persons. 

Alured, Gudred, & Elfride]. See notes on ch. xxi. The three kings 
here meant are, probably, Alfred the Great and Guthred, King of 
Northumbria, who gave to St. Cuthbert all the land between Tyne 
and Tees, a.d. 894, and Alchfrith, King of Northumbria, who settled 
the Celtic monks, about a.d. 660, at Ripon, where St. Cuthbert 
entertained the Angel. Baeda, Vit. S. Cuthb., vii ; Hist. Eccl., lib. Ill, 
cap. 25. St. Cuthbert appeared in visions to the two former. 

St Bede doth make mention). This can apply only to the donation of 
Alchfrith, for Bede's history ends a.d. 731. 



NOTES ON THE TEXT. 237 

six title towrt wyndewes\. All now filled with patchwork ; in the light mosl 
to the north is pari of a figure of Christ crucified, with some one at 
the foot of the Cross ; this seems to have belonged to the original 
glaring. 

XXIII, pp. 51 —52. 

y J'crnicrv\. See eh. XLVI. 

y priors c/iaplaine}. For his duties on those occasions, see Martene, 
Mon. Hit., V, viii, " De ordine ad visitandos infirmos de vita 
periclitantes atque ad mortem tendentes,' and cap. ix, " De modo 
adjuvandi infirmi ad mortem." The Offiees for the Visitation, 
Communion, and Extreme Unction of the sick were, as opportunity 
allowed, supplemented by litanies, prayers, and readings from the 
Psalms and the Gospels of the Passion. Other duties of the Prior's 
Chaplain are referred to in the Rolls ; see the Index under Prior, 
chaplain of. 

y barber ivas srnl for]. The washing of the body, which, probably, was 
always done, is not here mentioned, but it seems to have been a part 
of the barber's office. In some monastic rules it was done by some 
one of the same rank and standing as the deceased, e.g., in the 
Statutes of Lanfranc, cap. 24, we read, ** portelur corpus ad 
lavandum ab his de quorum ordine fuit ; id est Sacerdos a Sacer- 
dotibus, Diaconus a Diaconis, et sic in reliquis ordinibus, Conversus 
a Conversis ; infans tamen non ab infantibus, sed a Conversis. Hi 
vero sunt qui lavare non debent corpus defuncti : Sacerdos Heb- 
domadarius, et reliqui ministri qui circa altare serviunt, et vasa 
sacrata contrectant, Hebdomadarii coquinse, Cellerarii, Refectorarii.'" 
Further minute directions follow, concerning the washing and 
dressing of the body. For other customs, see Martene, ubi cit., 
cap. x, also Eccl. Rit., Ill, xi-xv ; ami Lanfranc, in Reyner, App., 
part 3, p. 249 ; Wilkins, I, 358. 

sockes and bo?vtes\. This was always done. The writer of the account of 
the translation of St. Cuthbert in 1104 says he was found " vesti- 
menta sacerdotalia indutus, in obviam Christi caleeamentis suis 
praeparatis." — Acta SS. Boll., Mar. 20, p. 123, sect. 13. Although a 
Christian significance was given to the calceamenta, they are 
probably derived from the pre-Christian custom "to bind hell-shoon 
on men, on which they may walk to Valhalla." Cf. Gisla Saga, On'tr. 
/si., ii, 208, and Dasent, Gisli the Outlaw, pp. xxiv, 44, 45, cited in 
Plummer's Bede, II, 271. 

y Dead manes chamber]. A room in the Infirmary, as stated. The 
addition in H. 45 is a mistake which has arisen from a confusion 
between the chamber in the Infirmary and the " Parler " mentioned 
below. It is not repeated in the printed editions. 

St Andrewes chappell]. No trace of this chapel is now to be seen. It mav 
have projected eastward from the Infirmary, but no foundations were 
found when its supposed site was excavated some years ago. For 
several notices o( it, see Rolls, Index under Infirmary, chapel ot\ 259 
and later pages. The references before p. 259 belong to the 
Infirmary without the gates, 



238 RITES OF DURHAM. 

kneys], The local pronunciation, riming with " weighs. " 

chyldren of thaumerey\. See ch. XLVIII, and Rolls, Index under Almery. 

spatter]. So H. 45, but " Psalter " in other MSS. and in the editions. 

V chapter house]. This was probably the finest Norman Chapter-house in 
England, 78^4 feet long and 35 feet wide, vaulted throughout, with 
an apsidal east end, and a fine arcade over the wall-bench for the 
monks. In the centre of the apse, standing on a dais of two steps, 
was the Bishop's stone chair (ch. XXVI, p. 56). See Greenvvell, 40-43 ; 
Billings, PI. Hi (in which the three east windows are conjeclurally 
put in) ; Carter, Plan, and his drawings, reproduced in Durh. and 
Northumb. Arch. Trans., V, plates ii, iii, pp. 31-33 ; Raine, Br. Ace, 
103 — 108, with view of exterior. The greater part of this fine 
building was pulled down in 1796, but rebuilt, mainly on the old 
lines, in 1895. Grancolas, writing on the subject of the Chapter 
Office, says " Locus ille Capitulum appellabatur, quia Capitulum 
Regulae ibi perlegebatur." — In Brev. Rom., cap. xxxvi. See also 
Did. Chr. Antiq., I, 288, and N. E. D. under Chapter 4. The 
application of the term would naturally be extended so as to include 
the corresponding places connected with churches of secular canons. 

Dergie], The Dirige or Matins of the Dead, so called from its first 
antiphon " Dirige Domine Deus metis in conspectu tuo viam meam," 
whence " Dirge" in its later senses. 

and devotion]. Perhaps the Prior and Convent remained some time in 
private devotion after they had said their Dirge. 

ye parler]. The passage between the Chapter-house and the end of the 
transept, leading from the cloister to the cemetery, and very commonly 
found in monastic plans ; at Thornton it is closed eastward and seated 
all round, as if only for watching the dead. The utter or outer 
Parlour, Locutorium, or Spekehouse, was usually on the western 
side of the cloister, which could not well have been arranged at 
Durham owing to the peculiarity of the site, so the above-named 
passage was thus used, and was doubtless entered by the country- 
folk and merchants from the east end, while the monks who spoke 
with them entered from the cloisler. The Norman doorway of the 
Dorter, now the Library, was perhaps the Parlour door before the 
Galilee was built. There was always an inner parlour for more 
strictly monastic conversation. We do not know where this was in 
Durham. Possibly they used the passage leading from the Usher door. 

a challice of wax]. As all clerks from bishops downward were buried in the 
habits and with the ornamenta of their orders, so it was usual to 
place on the breast of a priest a chalice of pewter, earthenware, or 
wax. This was probably a survival of the strange practice of burying 
the consecrated elements with the dead, on which see Martene, Eccl. 
Rit., lib. Ill, cap. xii, sect, x, xi. 

his blew bedd houlden over his grave.] Possibly a survival of the practice of 
laying over the uncoffined body, in place of a stone or wooden 
covering, a woollen or linen sheet, before casting in the earth. — 
Martene, Mon. Rit., V, x, sect. 108, 



MOTES ON THE TEXT. 2,y> 

v* making of his grave], " During the excavation (of part of the cemetery 
of the monks) . . a few years ago . . a very great number of 
skeletons were found ranging closely side by side, buried in coffins 
made of thin stones sel on edge, and all of them without sepulchral 
memorials, save Ihe grave of Earl Cospatrick, . . who in his 
latter years had exchanged his coronet for the cowl ol a monk." 
— Raine, Br. .Arc, 48, 68. Earl Cospat rick's supposed coffin and its 
cover, inscribed >J< GOSPATRICVS COMES, were found in iMji (Rud's 

Catalogue, 218//.). They are now preserved in the cellarage under 
the Dormitory, but it seems doubtful whether the coffin belongs to 

Ihe cover. In the sixteenth century monks were buried in wooden 
"chests." — Rolls, 292//. 

XXIV, pp. 52-53. 

a title challice of silver]. In the Historica Narratio concerning- the Trans- 
lation of St. Cuthbert in 1104, the writer, after mentioning the silver 
altar and Other things found in the coffin, names "calicem paruum 
quidem, sed materia et opere preciosttm " ; a cup of onyx fixed on 
the back of a lion of pure gold. Acta SS. Boll., 20 Mar., 140; 
Raine, St. Cuthb., 81. For references to silver coffin chalices, see 
Hope and Fallow in Archceol. Journal, XLIII, 138, etc. 

XXY\ pp. 53—54. 

Johannes Josscr\. See above, eh. xiv. The eight Priors whose names 
follow next after Fossor have been mentioned in chapters XIV, xvi, 
XVII. 

Hugo Whithead]. Hugh Whitehead, D.D., Oxon., 1513, succeeded to the 
Priorate in 1524, having been Warden of Durham College in Oxford. 
Chambre gives him a very high character {Scr. Tres, 154). He 
effected considerable repairs at Bearpark, and built the Prior's Hall, 
with its appurtenances, at Pittington ; remains of these were to be 
seen about a century ago. Having been Prior for eighteen years, 
he surrendered the monastery Dec. 31, 1540, and was appointed 
Dean in 1541. He probably sympathized with the old learning and 
forms of worship, for earlv in the reign of Edward VI he was 
summoned to appear before the Council in London. His health 
broke down under the fatigue and anxiety of the journey, and he 
died in 1548, soon after his arrival in London. He was buried in 
the Church of ihe Holy Trinity in ihe Minories, near the Tower. 
A. Wood has preserved part of his epitaph, viz., " Here lyeth the 
body of Hugh Whitehead, the last Prior of Durham, and first Dean 

thereof, who died at London ami was buried in 

(he Church of ihe Minories, Anno — — ." — Willis, Cathedrals, I, 

Robert II<>rne\. An eager reformer, D. D., Cantab., 1549, Dean of Durham, 
1551. He was deprived under Mary in 1553, but restored under 
Elizabeth in 1559, ami in 1561 was consecrated bishop of Winchester. 
During his exile, In- became the head of the English party at 
Frankfort. For the mischief and sacrilege perpetrated by him at 
Durham, see chapters XXXIII, XXXV, XXXVI, and tor the same al 



240 RITES OF DURHAM. 

Winchester, see the full account of him in the Dictionary of National 
Biography- According to Fuller, the pamphleteers of his day 
" sported with his name, as hard in nature, and crooked in 
conditions," not noticing " how Horn in Scripture importeth power, 
preferment, and safety." They moreover "twitted his person, as 
dwarfish and deformed," showing their malice "who carp at the 
case when they cannot find fault with the Jewel," He was, it seems, 
a person of " a sprightful and fruitful wit." He died in Southwark, 
and was buried in Winchester Cathedral, under a flat marble stone, 
says Godwin, with this inscription : — " Robertus Home theologiae 
doctor eximius, quondam Christi causa exul, deinde Episcopus 
Winton. pie obiit in Domino Iun. 1, 1580. Episcopatus sui anno 19." 
Godwin, Catalogue of the Bishops, 1601, p. 196. 

XXVI, pp. 54-56. 

Bushops of Durh>"\. Notices of the Bishops may be found in Symeon's 
Hist, of the Church of Durham and in the continuation, in Scripfores 
Tres, in our Appendix, No. IV, p. 139, and in the works of the 
mediaeval chroniclers. In English we have Godwin's Catalogue (also 
in Latin), the tract on the Origin and Succession of the Bishops of 
Durham, printed by Allan in 1779 from Durh. Cath. MS. c. iv, 14 
(1603), and the accounts of them in Browne Willis, Hutchinson, and 
Surtees ; see also the short but serviceable notes in Murray's 
Handbook to Durham Cathedral. 

Eadmundus . . . under one stone]. Not now to be found, nor is it shown in 
Browne Willis's plan (1727). A Durham Calendar has " ij nonas 
Junij. Translacio ep'or. dunelm. Edmu'di & Edredi." — Harl. MS. 
1804. Prior Melsonby was buried in the same grave. See note 
below, on ch. xxxiv. 

Walcherus . . . under one stone]. A long narrow grave-cover, inscribed, 
>Jl aldvinvs (et) walchervs episcopi. In a Durham Calendar {Harl. 
4664) we find " ij nonas Marcij. Translatio Walcheri, Will'i, & 
turgoti Ep'or. Dunelm. & fr(atrum)," and in another (Harl. 1804) 
" Non. Marcii, translacio ep'or. dunelm. Alduni Walcheri Will'mi et 
turgoti ep'i Scottorum." The same entry occurs under v Non. Mar. 
See Obituary in Liber Vita, 141. This translation of the bodies of 
certain bishops and their brethren was a removal from their former 
place of burial to the present Chapter-house, and it would be then 
that in two instances two bodies were placed in one grave. The 
remaining grave-covers up to and including that of William de 
St. Barbara are uniform in character, and were probably all made 
and inscribed soon after the completion of the Chapter-house. 

Short read, etc.]. The war-cry of the mob at the murder of Walcher at 
Gateshead in 1080 : " Schort red god red, slea ye the bischop " 
(Wendover, Flo res Hist., ed. 1841, II, 17). 

Will'm's ep'us]. The stone is not marked in Willis's plan (1727), nor is it 
now to be found. 

unth Malcome kinge of Scotts]. Had Malcolm been present, so memorable 
an event would, one might think, never have been left unrecorded by 
Symeon, who says in his History of the Church of Durham that the 



NOTES ON I III-: TEXT. 24 J 

bishop, Turgot, and the brethren placed the first stones in the 
foundation Aug. 11, 1093, having begun to dig the foundations on 
Friday, July 29th, which, by the way, they seem not to bave 
regarded as an " unlucky day." The Continuator and other 
authorities, however, represent Malcolm, Bishop William, and Prior 
Turgot, as laying the three first foundation stones. See Symeon, 
ed. Bedford, p. 236, and Surtees ed., Vol. I, xxvii, 103; Rolls 
ed., II, 220; Freeman, William Rufus, II, tin. Ii seems on the 
whole most likely that not only King Malcolm but the Earl of 
Northumberland and all the magnates of the North were present, 
Symeon not caring to mention any but ecclesiastics. And although 
Malcolm had been a persecutor of the Church of St. Cuthbert, there 
may have been peace just at this time. 

Ranu/phus\. This and the two following stones lie side by side over the 
stone coffins, are quite uniform, and are inscribed respectively, 
>J< RANNVLFVS ' EPISCOPVS ■ , ijl GAVFRIDUS ■ EPI (the rest perished), 
and WILLS : EPISCOPVS ■ SECVNDVS • For an account of an examina- 
tion of the graves see Archceologia, XLY, 385 — 404, or Durham and 
Northumb, Arch. Trans., II, 235 — 270 and plates. 

Hugo de Puteaco], On a large piece and a small fragment of a thick blue 
marble slab are an initial cross, parts of two letters, and O • EPS. 
The slab is shown entire in Willis's plan, and was no doubt broken 
up when the Chapter-house was demolished in 1796. 

King S/eph. was his vncle\. Stephen addresses him as " nepoti meo " in a 
charter, Scr. Tres, App. No. xxvii ; and in another charter (No. 
xxxii) Henry II, who was a nephew of Stephen, describes the bishop 
as " cognatus mens." But how the relationships came about does 
not appear to be known. 

Philippus}. Willis marks this stone in his plan, but as both it and the last 
one came in the line of the wall made in 1796, they were destroyed, 
together with the graves, in digging the foundations at that time. 
This bishop was buried by laymen in unconsecrated ground outside 
the bounds of the church (Scr. Tres, 26), but perhaps his body may 
afterwards have been removed to the Chapter-house. 

Richardus de marisco]. Also shown by Willis, but destroyed with the last 
two. 

Nicholaus defarnham\. A long blue grave-cover indicated by Willis still 
bears the words >J< NICHOLAUS ■ de ■ farnam epi. It is said in ch. 
xxxiv, p. 73, that Prior Melsonby, who was elected bishop by the 
monks but not consecrated, and Bishop Farnham, lie under one stone 
in the Chapter-house. 

Walterus dc kirkham]. A long freestone cover similar to the earliest ones, 
indicated by Willis, bears the words ^< WALTERUS ; DE • KIRKHEM 
1 p. The bishop died at llowden on the eve of St. Laurence, a. 11. 
1260, and was buried at Durham on tin- octave {Scr. Tres, 44). The 
viscera were interred at llowden, where there is a grave-cover of 
FrOSterley marble, now lying loose and broken in the church, with a 
raised cross and lliis inscription: — II' RBQVl(escvn1 v)lCERA WALT'] 

kirkha' ■ ovo'da j dunelmib's 'bp'i ■ oka (the rest defaced). 
16 



242 RITES OF DURHAM. 

Robert us Stichcll). Willis places a number on his plan with the reference 
" Bps Robt de Insula & Robt Stickull." There is a blue marble slab, 
large enough to cover two graves, in a broken and defaced condition, 

on which may still be seen, .Ob't'" de • I'SUL. IKHYL. The 

body of Robert de Insula may have been at first laid in the part of 
the Chapter-house below the step, but afterwards removed to the 
higher level immediately before the Bishop's seat. Bishop Stichell 
died on his way home from the Council of Lyons, in 1274, at Arbi- 
pellis (l'Arbresle, dep. Rhone), and was buried at the abbey of 
Savigny, but his heart was brought to Durham. — Scr. Tres, 55. 

Robertas de Insula]. See the last note. 

Ricliardus de Kellow\ Both these marble stones are indicated in Willis's 
plan and shown in Carter's with matrices of brasses on them. They 
had been removed when the site of the east end of the Chapter-house 
was examined in 1874. A portion of a slab, which may be that of 
Kellaw, is now lying in the undercroft. — See Proc. Soc. Ant., Jan. 16, 
1890. 

king Malcolme caused, etc.]. In the tract De injusta vexatione (Bedford's 
Symeon, p. 374) it is stated that on Sept. nth, 1092, Bishop William 
destroyed the old church which Ealdhun had built, and, with Prior 
Turgot and King Malcolm, laid the foundation stones of the new 
church on August nth, 1093. See note above, p. 240. Notwith- 
standing the silence of Symeon, Freeman thought that Malcolm was 
present, and that his presence had a great political significance, 
indicating that although the king of Scotland had been driven back 
by William Rufus in 1091, friendly relations had now become 
established. 

one Egchvvn, etc.]. Bishop Egelwin or ^Ethelwyn died in 1071 ; William of 
St. Carilef was bishop 1081-1086, according to all writers, whether 
Scottish or other. 

lyvcs of quene Margaret, etc.]. The Latin life of St. Margaret in Nova 
Legenda Anglice and elsewhere has been attributed to Turgot, but no 
writings by him " in the Scottishe tongue " are now known. 

This Turgotus]. See above, pp. 67, 72. 

emonges the rest ofye Bushops], His long narrow grave-cover of freestone 
is indicated on Willis's plan, and the inscription »J< TVRGOTVS 
episco . . . can just be made out. There is yet another very 
interesting grave-cover in the Chapter-house, not noticed in Rites, 
nor indicated in Willis's plan, namely that of Robert de Graystanes 
the chronicler, who was elected, consecrated, and installed as bishop 
of Durham, but was obliged by pope and king to retire in favour of 
Richard de Bury in 1333. There are entries relating to this business 
in Rolls, 521, 522, 525. His episcopal seal is shown in Surtees's His- 
tory, Vol. I, Plates of Seals, PI. iii, No. 1. He died shortly after, and 
was buried with the other bishops in the Chapter-house, where the 
following inscription may be seen in letters filled up with lead, on a 
long narrow stone (De Graystane) NATVS \ IACET \ HIC ■ ROBERTVS ■ 

HVMATVS LEGIBVS ARMATVS ROGO \ SIT SANCTIS \ SOCIATVS AMEN. 

The two first words are gone, but are here taken from Willis's Cathe- 
drals, I, 241. Prior Melsonby, who had been elected to the bishopric, 



NOTES ON THE TEXT. 243 

but against whom sixteen exceptions were raised by Henry III, so 
that his election was quashed, was also buried in the Chapter-house, 
and, as it happened, in the grave oi' Bishops Eadmund and Eadred 
(" Etheldredus " in Scr. Tres). Miraculous visions are related in con- 
nexion with liis death ami burial. — Scr. '/'res, pp. 38—41, and Ixxii. 
seat of stone]. This seat is well shown by Carter in PL xi, and in his 

drawing {Durham and Northumb. Arch. Trans., V, PI. ii). It was 
destroyed in 1796, but the arms and oilier portions found in 1895 
have been worked into a new chair made after Carter's plate. 
During the nineteenth century, a common wooden chair served at 
the installation of bishops, who, as the honorary heads of the 
Chapter, are placed in the Chapter-house seat as well as in the 
throne. The reconstructed stone chair was used for the first time at 
the enthronement of Bishop Moule in 1901. The risers of the wall- 
benches still remain in the apse and sides of the Chapter-house. 
Carter's drawing shows them as they are now, but they have 
probably been completed by oak seats for the monks originally, as 
well as footboards "for warmeness " (Cf. pp. 62, 79). Billings, in 
his " restored view," shows stone seats, which must be only 
conjectural, for Carter's earlier drawing- shows nothing of the kind. 

a prison nc]. For the plan, see Billings, PI. v. For the round-headed 
doorway that led into it from the Chapter-house, see Durham and 
Northumb. Arch. Trans., V, pi. iii. On the wall facing the 
Chapter-house are traces of a mural painting representing Our Lord 
in glory, as the Judge of all men. In the south wall of the eastern- 
most of the two inner chambers is a hatch for passing food through, 
and in the innermost of these, which has had between it and the last- 
mentioned chamber a strong door with a bolt outside, is a latrine. 

</ /aire glasse wyndowe]. Now filled with modern tracery and plain 
glazing. For the other Jesse window, see p. 42. 

XXVII, p. 57. 

brmvght to y r abbei church]. For example, Eadmund was brought from 
Gloucester, Walcher from Gateshead, Carilef from Windsor, 
Pudsey from Howden, Philip of 1'oitou from some uneonsecratod 
place outside the precincts of the Cathedral, De Marisco from 
Peterborough, Farnham from Stockton, Kirkham from Howden, 
Stichil's heart from l'Arbresle (Arbipellis), De Insula from Bishop 
Middleham, Beck from Eltham, Kellawe from Bishop Middleham, 
Beaumont from Brantingham, Bury from Auckland, Hatfield from 
Alford near London. After this time none ot the bishops who died 
away from Durham were brought to the Abbey until Pilkington, 
having been buried at Auckland in 1575, was reburied at Durham. 
Bishop James was buried near the grave of Pilkington at the west 
end of the choir in 1617, since which date no bishop has been buried 
in the cathedral church except Van Mildert. 

y Customable burying of y* Bushopes]. On the burial of ecclesiastics see 
Martene, Bed. Kit., Ill, xii, Sect, viii — xii ; Mom. Kit., X ', x — xiii. 

phannell\. The fanon or maniple. 

Vfstmt\. Here used in the narrower sense tor the chasuble. 



244 RITES OK DURHAM. 

Crutch\. A variety of crotch or croche or croce, a pastoral staff or crosier. — 
See N. E. D. 5.7'. Crosier. 

a title challice]. See above, notes on xxm, xxiv. 

ye horsses, charette, etc.]. These are mentioned in the accounts of the 
perquisites received by the church at the burials of Bishop William 
of St. Carilef and of several of his successors. See the earlier 
pages in Wills and Inventories (Surtees Soc. ), Part I. Together 
with the horses and bier, the Church of Durham received either the 
whole or a great part of the bishops' capellce, by which term was 
meant the sets of vestments and other ornaments that they carried 
about with them, including all the articles necessary for the pontifical 
offices; "all there furniture belonging therto" (c. XXVIII). Raine 
gives a list of the articles acquired by the Convent at the death 
of each bishop from Carilef in 1095 to Langley in 1437. Brief Ace. , 
145, from a roll compiled by Prior Wessington. Rolls, Index under 
Baudekyns, Char' d'ni Ep'i. 

ye historic of ye church of Durisme at large]. Perhaps the same as Acts 
of the Bishops ; see above, p. 228, and just below in ch. XXVIII. 
But the Serif tores Tres may possibly be the work referred to in all 
these cases. Here cf. Scr. Tres, p. 142, and Durham Wills and 
Inventories, I, 1 — 5, etc. 

XXVIII, pp. 58-59. 

Anthony Bceke], As to the bishops, see above, p. 240W. 

in a /aire Marble Tombe\. There is now only a plain floor-slab of blue 
marble on which is a small brass plate with the following lines : — 
" Presul magnanimus Antonius hie jacet imus | Jerusalem strenuus 
Patriarcha fuit quod opimus | Annis vicenis regnabat sex et j plenis | 
Mille trecentenis Christo moritur quoque denis | Restauratum a 
Roberto Drummond Willoughby de Eresby 1834" j . The epitaph 
has been taken from Browne Willis, Cathedrals, Vol. I, p. 239. 
The tomb was before the one altar of St. Aidan and St. Helen (not 
" 2 alters "), see p. 2. 

ye wall beinge broken}. See above, p. 194/;. 

Raphe lord Nevile\. The writer is mistaken here. It was Ralph, the 
grandson of the hero of Neville's Cross, that was called Daw Raby, 
and was first Earl of Westmoreland. The earlier Ralph Lord Neville 
and Alice de Audley his wife were originally buried in the nave 
before the Jesus Altar. The former died in 1367, and the latter in 
1374. Their bodies were removed to the site of the Neville chantry, 
where the eastern of the two Neville tombs now is, in 1416, by licence 
from Bishop Langley (Scr. Tres, App. No. clxxxi, p. ccvi). Their 
tomb has been a very fine one, but has been denuded of almost all its 
ornamentation and of its inscription. The alabaster effigy of Lord 
Ralph is reduced to a headless and otherwise mutilated trunk ; that 
of the Lady Alice is tolerably perfect. A Durham Calendar contains 
this entry : — " vii Id. Aug. Ob . . . Radulphus de Nevell et Alic. 
vxor eius." — Harl. MS. 1804. The tomb of Lord John and of 
Matilda Percy, his former wife, under the next arch to the west, is in 



NOTES ON THE TEXT. 243 

much better condition, and has niches with "weepers" all round, 
together with many shields bearing the saltire of Neville and the lion 
rampant of Percy. The effigies, however, are both reduced to 
something like great boulders. There is no indication ol any 
inscription having been included in the design. Both tombs are 
shown in Carter, PI. v, that of Ralph, on larger scale, in PL vi, and 
that of John, in Billings, PI. xlviii. 

Lodowicus Bellomonie]. See above, pp. 14, 206. 

Ricardus de Berye\. Above, pp. -\ 194. 

Thorn's Hatfeilde\ Above, pp. 19, 210. 

WaUerus Schirley], Above, pp. i!S, 209. 

Thorn's Latigley]. Above, pp. 44, 230. 

Robertas \ei-<ell\. Above, pp. 40, 11^. 

Cuthbertus Tuns/all]. " In his Will, proved ,/a«. 30, 1559-60, he order'd to 
be buried before the Crucifix, or Rood Lo(t, of Durham Cathedral, if 
be died in his Diocese ; or, if he died in London, in St. Paul's 
Cathedral, where lie had been Bishop, near Thomas Linacrc." He 
was, however, buried in Lambeth Parish Church with this epitaph : — 
" Anglia Cuthbertum Tonstallum moesta requirit | Cujus summa 
domi Laus erat atque (oris Rhetor Arithmeticus Juris Consultus & 
aequi ] Legatusque fuit, denique Presul erat ■ Aunorum salur & 
magnorum plenus Honorum | Vertitur in Cineres Aureus iste senex | . 
Vixit annos lxxxv, Obiit 18 Nov. MCCCCCLIX." — Browne Willis, 
Cathedrals, I, 245. 

XXIX, pp. 59 — 60. 

ye centric garth]. It will readily be perceived that " centrie " is a con- 
tracted form of " cemetery." Cos., H. 44, C, L., and Da v., have 
" Centory " ; Hunter's editions have " Centrev," "Centery," and 
" Centry " ; Sanderson has "Centry"; H. 45 has "Sanctuary"; 
and Roll, above, pp. 52, 53, "Sentuarie," and " Sentory." The 
Centry Garth is now wholly effaced as a place of burial. See below, 
in this same chapter. 

a vaulte all sett, etc.]. There is a similar and probably later vault, now- 
closed, in the cemetery on the north side of the church ; see the next 
note. 

a Chamcll house to cast dead mens bones in]. It was the usual practice. 
when bones were disinterred in making new graves, to put them 
aside in some sort of a charnel or bone-house, and not to return them 
to the earth as is commonly done now, ov to stow them under the 
floors of pews, as was often done from the seventeenth to the nine- 
teenth century. One of the most famous chamois was on the 
north side of OKI St. Pauls. "This yen- (1548) was put downe 
the chappell with the charnell bowse in Powlles church yerde . . . 
and a iiij. or v. C. lode of bones caned in to the feldes and burryd 
there." — Chron. Grey Friars (Camd. Soc, LIU, 1852), 37. The 
crypt under the chapter-house at Ripon Minster was used as a 
charnel, known far and wide as " Ripon Hone-bouse." The bones 
were removed and buried in 1865. — Walbran's Guide, 1N74, p. 74 
(wood-cut illustration). In the present cemetery OH the north side 



246 RITES OF DURHAM. 

of Durham Cathedral is a large charnel vault wholly below the 
surface, marked by a long stone inscribed with the word vault. It 
was discovered 2nd February, 1831, and is described in Raine's 
Brief Account , p. 127. It occupies the same situation as the charnel 
vault at Worcester, over which was the charnel chapel, served by a 
little college of six chaplains. — Prof. Willis, in Arch. Journal, XX, 259. 
There was a chapel at Evesham known as the camarium or charnel- 
house. — Liber Evesham, H. Bradshaw Soc, p. 161. The charnel 
house at Abingdon was pulled down at the Dissolution. — Accounts, 
Camd. Soc, 167. The crypts so often found under the east ends of 
chancels and aisles in parish churches, as at Grantham, North- 
borough, Sandwich St. Peter, Hatfield (Yorks.), etc., were used 
for the same purpose. See further in Bloxam, Gothic Architecture, 
nth edition, 18S2, Vol. II, pp. 185 — 196. 

Mr Racket i\. John Rackett and Lionel Elmeden appear among the Lord 
Prior's gentlemen in 1510, infra, App. V, p. 144. 

yc pictur . . . all in Brasse]. Brasses on tombs outside churches were not 
usual, but the writer seems to have had a clear recollection ot this 
tomb, as well as of the others which were defaced in the sixteenth 
century. 

a washinge howsc]. There is an old building now on the east side ot the 
garth, and it may possibly have been Dean Whittingham's laundry. 

XXX, pp. 60 — 62. 

Holy Water stones]. See above, ch. xix. 

taken awat'e]. No remains of them are now known to exist. 

a conveiance . . . as thei had, etc.]. Holy-water stones sometimes had 
drains for emptying, but not often. 

Lambes shop ye black smyth]. Robert Lambe made a crook, etc., for the 
organ, and did other smith's work for the Chapter in 1593. — Rolls, 
738. 

now to be sene]. Probably employed as the base on which Lambe's anvil 
was fixed. 

Mris Whittingham\. See note on ch. XV, p. 216. She bequeathed her house 
in the North Bailey, " with the lyttle house upon the wall,'' and her 
lands near Orleans to her son Timothy. Her houses in Kingsgate, 
near the Bow Church, to her son Daniel. Her armour and warlike 
furniture to her sons and grandson ; also Foxe's Acts and Monuments 
and her great French Bible to other relatives. Her husband's will, 
and copious extracts from her own, are printed in Durham Wills and 
Inventories, II, 14 — 19. Both are exceedingly interesting. 

ye Abbey yard ivher now they are]. There are many early grave-covers 
lying in the churchyard on the north side of the Cathedral and in the 
cellarage under the Dorter at the present time. It may here be 
noted that the Cathedral Church of Durham has usually been called 
" The Abbey " by Durham people, but the term is now obsolescent 
except at the Grammar school, where the Cathedral is never called 
anything else. The influences that destroy old traditions elsewhere 
do not as yet greatly affect the boys in this matter. 



NOTES ON THE 1 EX I . 247 

Ambrose Myers], Some one oi this name gave u> the Chapter Library, 
isi January, 1665, a copy of Walton's Polyglot, ed. 1037, in 6 vols. fo. 

XXXI, pp. 62—63. 

A Song School in the Century Garth], The earlier Song-school. For a later 
arrangement, see above, ch. xi, and at the end of this chapter. 

betwixt two fillers]. I.e. buttresses, or corner turrets. The building 
probably ran north and south. 

the children of ' thalmarie]. See ch. xi.yiii. 

ye place where ye mr did sitt]. This place seems to have been very much 
like later and modern schoolmasters' desks. Mr. John Brimley was 
the last oi the masters of the old time. See ch. XXII, p. 43, and note, 
P- -3'- 

ye priors gentlemen]. The upper servants or attendants in the Lord 
Prior's household. At Ely they had liveries of "depgrene" and 
" litgrene." — Stewart, Ely Cathedral, 237. At Durham there was no 
fixed colour ; we find mention oi' green and motley, green ray, blue 
and green, blue mixture, and red mixture. — Roils, 598, O17, 632, 636. 

one cannot tell almost]. The effacemonl of the old Song School has been 
completed by the refacing oi' the wall against which it stood. 

XXXII, pp. 63—68. 

The xiij'o . . . of ye Callandes, etc.]. St. Cuthbert died 13 Kal. Apr. (20 
.Mar.), 687. The old editions all wrongly say " the 20. of the Calends 
of March." 

lyeth waike]. Lithe or supple. See X. E. D., under Leathwick. 

in a fereture light]. Bede's words are " in levi area,'' " levi in theca," 
meaning apparently the wooden coffin still existing in great part, as 
distinguished from the stone coffin in which the body was laid at 
first. See Metrical Life , ,v s . s 4, note. The wooden coffin was covered 
with carvings of saints and angels, with their names in Roman and 
Runic characters. See Catalogue of Sculptured Stones, etc., Durham, 
1899, pp. 133 — 156 and Plates 1--13. 

said to be descended]. Here the writer is following the fabulous Irish 
legend. 

brought up in the Abbey of Mailros], So according to Bede and the more 
trust worth}' authorities, as Symeon, who, in the main, are followed 
in this chapter. 

abbotl Edrede], Eadred, abbot of Carlisle, who was summoned by Eardulph, 
bishop oi Lindisfarne, that they might consult on this matter. 
Symeonis Hist. Eccl, Dunelm,, cap. xxi (lib. n, cap. vi). 

men of ye shire]. The Haliwerfolc or holy man's people. The wanderings 
of the Corsaint or holy body are described in the Metrical Life and in 
the earlier accounts referred to in tin- Surtees Society's edition 
thereof. 

turned into bloode]. It has been suggested that the water may have been 
coloured bv the red earth ot tlu' east of Cumberland. 



248 RITES OF DURHAM. 

ye bookc of y Holic Evangelistes], This book is supposed to be still in 
existence in the British Museum Library, to be identical, in tact, with 
the " Lindist'arne Gospels," thus described in the second volume of 
the Pala^ographical Society's facsimiles, PI. iii : — " Cotton MS. Nero 
D. IV. About a.d. 700. The Four Gospels, in Latin, of St. Jerome's 
version, with Prefaces, Eusebian Canons, etc. ; and with an interlinear 
English gloss. Written at Lindisfarne, in honour of St. Cuthbert, 
Bishop of Lindisfarne, who died a.d. 687. Quarto ; 258 leaves, of 
I 3 1 A x 9 7 /& inches, in double column of 24 lines, stout well-dressed 
vellum. A note at the end, in characters of the tenth century, by 
Aldred, the glossator, states that the MS. was written by Eaclfrith, 
Bishop of Lindisfarne (A.D. 698-721) ; that the ornamentation was 
added by Ethilwald, Bishop of Lindisfarne (a.d. 724-740) ; that 
Bilfrith the Anchorite worked the jewelled covers ; and that Aldred 
the Priest added the gloss." It has been shown by Mr. Edmund 
Bishop that this MS. has been copied from a Neapolitan MS., which 
was brought to England by a missionary from Rome, and that thus 
the Lindisfarne draughtsman would have the Byzantine drawings 
which have evidently served as his models. Facsimiles of the 
writing, and of some of the most elaborately ornamented pages, 
will be found in Plates 3 — 6 and 22. Detailed accounts are given 
by Sir E. Maunde Thompson in Bibliographica, 1894, Vol. I, pp. 
132-8, PI. iv, and English Illuminated MSS., 1895, pp. 4-10, PI. i, 
and by Westwood in Miniatures and Ornaments, Lond., 1868, 
p. 23> PI- x i'' x 'ii- See also the Prolegomena to the fourth 
volume in the Surtees Society's Lindisfarne Gospels, and 
authorities there cited. It is quite possible that it remained at 
Lindisfarne until the flight of the monks, c. 878, went about with 
them in their wanderings, was lost in the sea and recovered, and 
came to Durham with the monks in 995. Symeon, whose history 
ends in 1096, mentions that the book on which Eadfrith, Ethilwald, 
and Bilfrith had laboured was kept in Durham up to his time, and 
believed to be that which was lost in the sea about 200 years before. 
When Lindisfarne was re-established about 1095, the book apparently 
went to its old home, and there remained till the Dissolution. In the 
yearly inventories of the monks of Lindisfarne Priory an entry 
supposed to refer to it regularly occurs, viz., " Liber Beati Cuthberti 
qui demersus erat in mare." In 1623 it was in the hands of Mr. 
Robert Bowyer, clerk to the House of Commons, who disposed of it 
to Sir Robert Cotton. From him it passed to the British Museum 
with the rest of his MSS. Dr. Raine rightly considered that the 
book by its appearance abundantly confirmed the tradition of its 
immersion, and completely disproved Symeon's assertion that it was 
uninjured (67. Cuthb., 47). But he and Symeon looked at it with 
different eyes. Sir F. Madden believed the stains on the vellum to 
have been occasioned by sea water (Lindisf. Gosp., Surt. ed., IV, 
Pref. xxviiwf.). There can be no doubt whatever that water has got 
in between the leaves, in some cases forming map-like stains where it 
has crept in the furthest, but as the edges have been cropped off in 
binding, they no longer afford any evidence. The edges of the 
leaves of a vellum book would at once swell when immersed in water, 



NOTES ON THE TEXT. 249 

In such a way thai very little wet would gel in if the book were well 
clasped. The present binding, studded with jewels and gold, was 
provided by Bishop Maltby at a cost of ^75. 

much more bewtifull than it was before]. This is a later touch. Symeon 

says nothing more than that ii was no worse; "in quo nullum 

omnino, ul diximus, per aquam lesionis signum monstratur." Hist. 

Eccl. Dunelm., II, xii (xxvii). 
a read horse]. Redd, p. 70, i.e., reddish brown. We find in the Rolls 

" pultra rosea," 199; " stagg rubius cortal," 399 ; "equus sor," ^35; 

"alloc rub.," "alloc sor." (red herrings), frequently. And so we 

speak of " rod hair." 
from S a cte Cuthbtes date . . . bodie ofS a cte Cuthb:]. This passage is found 

only in the Roll, ami it seems to bo unintelligible. 

Warde Lawe], Probably one of the hills immediately to the east of Durham, 
not Warden Law near Houghton-Ie-Spriiig. 

a woman lacking her kowe]. This is the first appearance of the legend of 
the Dun Cow; see again below, pp. 71, 74, 249, 254; Mctr. Life, Intr. 
x. Tin- legend is told more full)' in cli. XXXIV, where also the 
sculpture is mentioned. 

a great Rush of t homes]. "Rush' is a Northern term for a natural or 
self-sown thicket. See H alii well, and Atkinson's Cleveland Glossary. 

chappell of wandes]. Constructed of wattles or hurdles. See Adamnan's 

Life of St. Columba, Oxf. edition, p. 72M. This had been quite 
a usual method of constructing temporary churches, the remote 
predecessors of the modern "iron churches." 

White Kirke so called]. There is some confusion about the various 
churches. The concluding sentence of Symeon's lib. hi, cap. 2, reads 
as it tin- White Church had been a different building from Aldhune's, 
and so Hegge understood it, though it is patient of a construction 
making the "alba secclesia " and the "major aecclesia" to be the 
same. Rites here speaks of the "white kirke" as distinct from the 
"great kirke," sc. of Aldhune, but in Cos. MS. (eh. xxxiv) of the 
"white Chapell " as "a part of the great church" of Aldhune. 
Reginald speaks of Aldhune's church with two towers as "Alba 
ecclesia" {Reg. Dunelm., cap. xvi). The white church was perhaps 
a small whitewashed stone building', more substantial than the 
" Wanded kirk," attached in some way, while it stood, to the 
" mickle kirk,' and in that sense " a part of" it ; see p. 72. 

ye more kyrke or gret kirke]. An example of the old sense of more 
meaning greater, comparative ot great, surviving in place-names, as 
.Much Wenlock, More Monk ton. So Shakspeare in A'. John, ii, 1, 
34, "To make a more requital to your love." 

iijo yeres after]. This mistake is repeated in MSS. Cos. ami II. 44, as well 
as in all tin- editions after that of Davies, which savs "thirty." MS. 
L. says "23 yeans and more"; C, "almost twenty-nine wares." 
In point of fact, Aldhune came to Durham in 995, and died in 1018. 

Mxxijo yeres paste]. This is unintelligible. The other MSS. ami the 
editions previous to 1S42 give the right date, namely 1093. 



25O RITES OF DURHAM. 

Bushippe Will'iii and Priour Turgoll]. Here the writer follows Synieon in 
saying nothing 1 about King Malcolm ; see above, pp. 240, 242. 

V old church buylt by Aid units]. " Of that church," says Greenwell 
(Durk. Catli., 14), " I do not know that a single stone remains visible 
to the eye, though there are, no doubt, thousands of the stones 
belonging to it enclosed within these walls." 

buylded & finished]. Only so far as the eastern end of the nave. 

ye White church], Aldhune's " mickle kirk" is here meant. See note a 
little above, p. 249. It is likely enough that the little temporary church 
and Aldhune's great church both went by the same name. 

ye fereture]. Seech. II. 

ye booke . . . wch was lost in ye sea]. The writer is here mixing up two 
totally distinct books, the large text of the Four Gospels referred to 
above, p. 248, and the small copy of St. John's Gospel which was 
found in the coffin of St. Cuthbert in 1104, was kept at Durham until 
the Dissolution, and is now at Stonyhurst, after having passed 
through various hands. Its size is only about 5^ by 2H inches, and 
it is supposed to have been St. Cuthbert's vade-mecum, carried in a 
satchel slung round his neck. In the account of the Translation in 
Acta SS. Boll., Mar. 20, p. 142, cap. iii, it is said that Bishop 
Flambard, while preaching, held it up for the people to see, and that 
meanwhile an attendant stole a thread out of the satchel-cord and 
hid it in his shoe. Being then seized by severe pain in his leg, he 
restored the thread, and was at once cured. An interesting account 
of this little book and its three red leather satchels is given by 
Reginald, who tells us how Bishop Pudsey hung it round the neck of 
Archbishop (afterwards Saint) William of York, who examined its 
pages, and put it round the necks of his friends. — Reg. Dunelm., 
cap. xci. A good idea of it may be gathered from the Palasographic 
Society's Vol. II, PI. 17, and description, as follows: "The Gospel 
of St. John, in Latin, of St. Jerome's version. Vellum, measuring 
5^ X 3H > ns - 5 ninety leaves, of twenty lines in a page ; written, 
probably on the Continent, in the seventh century. On the fly-leaf at 
the beginning, the following note, in a hand of about 1300, records 
the tradition that the MS. was found in the tomb of St. Cuthbert, who 
died A.D. 687: — ' Evangelium Johannis quod inuentum fuerat ad capud 
' beati patris nostri Cuthberti in sepulcro jacens Anno Translacionis 
'ipsius' [1104]. This note is copied from one of rather older date, 
which was written at the head of the Gospel, but afterwards erased. 
In the lining of the binding is a fragment of a plea roll of the Prior 
of Durham, bearing a date of 1264. The MS. was long in 
possession of the Earls of Lichfield. It passed in 1769 to the 
Anglican College of Jesuits at Liege, whence it was again brought 
to England, and it now forms part of the library of Stoneyhurst 
College." The writing is in small and beautiful uncial characters. 
There is no ornamentation. 
thorowgh his Revelac'on], The historical narrative contained in this chapter 
is based mainly on Bede and Symeon, and it may be compared with 
the English Metrical Life of St, Cuthbert. 



\ol ES ON I III-: 1'KXT. 251 

XXXIII, pp. 68—69. 

,; fain toutnbe of stone]. This tomb seems to bave been in the same 
relation to the present church as the little White Church had been to 
the Mickle White Church of AJdhune. In Cosin's MS. (ch. x\x\ ) ii 
is said to have been made by Bishop William of St. Carilef. We 
have no earlier notices of it than those in Rites. In [896 a careful 
search was made in the cloister-garth for its substructure or other 
remains, but nothing was found. It appears to bave stood on the 
spot where the shrine had stood in Aldhune's church. See the 
inscription below, p. 141, concerning Bishop Ralph Flambard. 

a memorie and speciall monumt]. The writer of this version of the account 
seems from this passage and from the beginning of the chapter as it 
stands in the Roll, without the gloss from II. 45, to have thought 
that the monument stood on the site of the wattled church. The 
Cosin MS. (ch. xxxv) does not bring this out. It may or may not 
have been the case. 

a Registr house]. Frequently mentioned below. This was the Registry of 
the monastery. The Bishop's diocesan and palatinate Registry was 
a distinct building provided by Bishop Langley (Durham WUls ana 
Inventories, I, 88). It was constructed between the north porch 
and the N.W. tower, and is shown by Carter in PL iv. 

certaine commissioners]. The commission here referred to was a later one, 
designed to be supplementary to that under Henry VIII, which dealt 
with St. Cuthbert's shrine. 

Doc/our Harvy and Doe/our Whitby]. These commissioners appear to be 
otherwise unknown to fame. Their lives are not given in the 
Dictionary of National Biography. 

Corpus Christi Shrine]. See ch. LVI. 

Doctour Home]. See above, on ch. XXV, p. 239. 

XXXIX', pp. 69—74. 

note by Dr. Hunter], The dates in this chapter are correctly noted, by 
Dr. Hunter, as is supposed, in the margin of MS. Cosin. 

bough church]. It has been imagined that the church of St. Mary in the 
North Bailey stands on the site of the wattled church or "church 
of boughs," and that this was the origin of its name of Bow Church 
or St. Marv-le-Bow. But the church, like that of the same name in 
London, really derives its name from an arch or " bow " over which 
its lower stood, ami which spanned the street. This tower fell 
August JQth, 1637. It is much more likely that the tomb in the 
cloister-court (ch. xxxiiii was on the site of the wattled church. 

all the cuntry], Symeon says that carl Uhtred's people came in great 
numbers "a llumine Coqued usque Tosam."— Lib. Ill, cap. ii (xxxvii). 
as a part , etc.]. See above, p. 249. 

For which famous work, etc.). This statement of Davies, no foundation for 
which has been found, is not repeated in the later editions. But in a 
Durham Missal (HarL 5289, fo. 334) is a mass Set. Karilephi abb'is. 
Bishop William may have instituted the commemoration in honour 



2yi RITES OF DURHAM. 

of his former patron saint, and in later times the saint may have been 
wrongly identified with the bishop. 

did arch it ouer]. If this statement be not altogether incorrect, it must 
refer to the western portion of the vaulting. Canon Greenwcll, 
pp. 36 — 38, thinks it most unlikely that any portion of the nave 
vaulting can be so late as 1242, although, as he points out, instances 
of assimilated work do occur. Leland says, " Nic. Fernham, 
episcopus, fecit testudinem templi 1242. — (Coll., I, 122, edition 1774). 
Graystanes (Scr. Trcs, 77) mentions extensive repairs of the nave 
roof which must have been effected £ibout 1245, and it is hardly 
likely that the outer roof could require to be repaired " de novo" 
within three or four years of its being made. Indeed the continuator 
of Symeon says that in the interval between the death of Flambard 
in 1 128 and the accession of Galfrid Rufus in 1133, " navis ecclesise 
Dunelmensis monachis operi instantibus peracta est." — Syni. Contin., 
cap. i. 

under one stone]. Prior Melsonby may have been buried in the chapter- 
house as having been bishop-elect. See ch. xxvi, note on Bishop 
Nich. de Farnham. 

in an iron chcs/\. There is a mistake here, unless the writer means an 
iron-bound chest. 

King Stephen's nephew]. See note above, p. 241. 

the Consistory]. The Consistory Court was held in the Galilee both 
previous to and long after the Reformation. For some time the 
Spiritual Chancellor had his seat over Bishop Langley's tomb, as 
shown in a drawing in B.M. Kayc Coll., Vol. II, No. 211 (c. 1780), 
which represents it as a sort of square pulpit. To this relates the 
inscription in black-letter over the great arch, "Judicium Jehovae 
est. Domine Deus da servo tuo cor intelligens ut judicet populu tuu 
et discernat inter bona et malum." In Carter's plan, c. 1796, the 
situation of the fittings is shown as having then been on the south 
side of the Galilee, facing north. These fittings were removed about 
that time, with a view to the destruction of the Galilee, and in 1796-7 
Mr. Morpeth fitted up a new Spiritual Court in the eastern chapels of 
the north transept, previously used as the Minor Canons' vestry, at a 
cost of ,£68. These fittings were removed in 1845. Record of 
Benefactions, 1858, under the dates ; Raine, Br. Ace., 34. Since 
1845, the Court has again been held in the Galilee, as occasion has 
arisen, but without any special fittings. 

as aboue is declared]. In ch. XXII. 

the Priory of Finkley]. Bishop Flambard (1099-1128) gave the hermitage 
at Finchale, with its fields and fishery, to St. Godric in his life-time, 
to be tenanted by two monks of Durham after his death. Bishop 
Pudsey (1153-1195) continued the grant by Flambard, and gave the 
two monks a tract of land adjoining. It was Henry de Pudsey, one of 
the three sons of the bishop, who was the real founder of the Priory 
of Finchale as a house for a number of monks, transferring thereto a 
monastic foundation which he had placed for a short time at Haswell, 
and then at Bacstanford, in 1196. See Charters and Preface in the 
SurieeN Society's volume 6, The Priory of Finchale. None of 



NOTES ON THE TEXT. 253 

Pudsey's work can be identified at Pinchale now, bul in 1837 Dr. 
Raine wrotej "the monks entirely rebuilt their church. The only 
trace of their former edifice which was suffered to remain was the 
tomb of Godric their patron saint . . . of the altar shape, with 

Norman pilaster mouldings at its corners. These are the only stones 
in the edifice which bear the stamp of Norman architecture." Priory 
of Finchale, Pref., p. xviii. The present church was begun in 1242 
and was not finished in 1266. 

(he Hospitall of Allerton\. The hospital of St. James, founded by Bishop 
Pudsey, was in the township of Romanby, about a mile east of 
Northallerton. The site is marked by a farm house still called the 
Spital. Further particulars, and references, are given in Hutchinson's 
Durham, III, 42c). 

Sherburne Hospital], About 1181 or 1 182. Pudsey's Foundation Charter 
and Constitutions are printed in complete sets of Allan's Collectanea, 
The ancient residence of the masters was destroyed in 1833. There 
are views of it in B.M., Kaye Coll., Vol. Ill, 61 — 70; in Allan's 
Collections (in Collectanea) relating to Sherburn Hospital, 1771 
(frontispiece) ; and in Hutchinson, II, 589. The gatehouse has been 
spared, and retains its original vaulting. The south side of the 
nave of the chapel and the north side of the tower are Pudsey's 
work. See Billings, County of Durham, 61 and plate. 

Elvet bridge . . with two Chappels\. Elvet bridge is a wonderful piece of 
engineering, consisting as it does not only of the arches over the 
river, but of a number of dry arches carrying the approach from 
the north through the street now called Elvet Bridge. These 
form cellars belonging to the shops and houses in the street. The 
bridge was either not completed in Pudsey's time or soon needed 
repair, for in 1225 and 1228 Archbishop Walter Grey issued 
indulgences for its "construction." It was again extensively 
repaired in 1495 and 1771, and widened in 1804-5. Ribs were inserted 
under the later portions of the arches in 1900. Some of these ribs are 
constructed of stone, others of brick and cement ! One of the two 
chapels was founded by Lewen, a burgess of Durham, and dedicated 
in honour of St. James, the other, much earlier, by William, son of 
Absolon, and dedicated in honour of St. Andrew ; this latter was at 
the south end of the bridge, where a building now stands. For St. 
James's, see Kellawe's Register, Rolls ed., II, p. 1 173, and pp. 833, 871. 
St. James's was covered in by 36 square yards of lead, and St. 
Andrew's by 88. Inventories of Church Coo, is, Surtees Soc, p. 147 ; 
Rolls, under Andrew, St. 

a Mannor and Church at Darlington]. The Manor house of the bishops is 
supposed to have been built about 11O4; for a description of it, and 
reproduction oi' an old view, see Longstaffe's Darlington , p. 1S7 ; <•/! 
pp, 43, 62. The work of building the church was going on in 1 192 ; 
it is Early English in style, quite different from Pudsey's earlier 
works, which are Romanesque. See Longstaffe's Darlington, 
frontispiece, and pp. 1S7, 213 ; Longstaffe in Durham and Northumb. 
Arch, trans., I, 6 ; Billings, County of Durham, 2Q, and three 
plates. J. F. HodgSOn, in Arch. Ailianu, Vol, XVII, 



254 RITES OF DURHAM. 

he bought . . . the Earldome of Sadberge]. The price paid was £\ 1,000 for 
the earldom of Northumberland for life, and the wapentake of 
Sadberge (not properly an earldom) in perpetuity. Scr. Tres, pp. 14, 
lix — lxii ; Surtees, Hist., [11,265; and on the Palatinate generally, 
Lapsley, Co. Pal. of Durham, passim. 

Aldwinus on the out side of his Church, etc.]. This and what follows about 
Carilef and Flambard must be mere baseless tradition. At any rate 
Flambard could not have set up anything: on the outside of the Nine 
Altars, a building begun 114 years after his death. 

a milke maidc milkinge hir hoive\. This is the first mention of the Dun Cow 
sculpture and legend. The present sculpture, representing two 
women and a cow, was substituted (about 1775) for the old one, of 
which there is a woodcut in Hutchinson's Durham, 17S7, II, 226. 
The Dun Cow legend was most likely a piece of local folk-lore not 
thought by earlier writers to be of sufficient importance to be 
recorded. Xot even Reginald makes any reference to it. 

XXXVI, pp. 75-77. 

Buship Shirley and Bushop Langley}. On Skirlaw's work (138S-1405), see 
Scr. Tres, 145 ; Durham Wills and I?iv., II, 44 ; and on that of Langley 
( 1406-1437), Scr. Tres, pp. 146, cciv. Ten rolls of the annual expenses 
have been preserved ; there is a short abstract of them in Raine's 
Brief Account, p. 87. Little of the original work is left save the oak 
ceiling, and that has been tampered with by the introduction of 
heraldic shields that were not there before. 

the Dirivatory). This mistake is repeated by Davies, who has the whole of 
the passage here printed from the Lawson MS. It is corrected to 
"Dormitory" in ed. 1842, 64^. The other editions omit the reference 
to the Dormitory. The Cambridge MS. has " Deriuitory, ' and Harl. 
has " Deribitory." 

ye hole storie & ?nyricles\. Here, as in the St. Cuthbert window at York, 
which is fully described in Yks. Arch. Jml., IV, 249 ff., and XI, 486 ff., 
the Irish legend was followed for the saint's childhood. The York 
window contains the inscription " (Ora)te p' a'ia Th. longley Ep'i 
dunelm. qui istam fenestra' fieri fecit." Langley had been canon of 
York in 1400, and dean in 1401. For earlier versions of the Irish 
legend see Libellus de Ortu S. Cuthb. in Misc. Biogr. (Surtees Soc), 
63 ff. ; Metrical Life, 3 ff. 

the brightc beamcs, etc.]. A very usual incident in the legends of Saints' 
births. 

Mullocke . . . as much as to sale Cuthbert]. Probably a mere fancy of the 
writer. " Multi sunt Sancti, qui in Hibernicis Molaca, Moloca, et 
Molaga et Moluoc appellantur." — Colgan, Triadis Thaumaturgce 
Acta, p. 50, n. 52. There can be no connexion in meaning between 
the names Cuthbert and Moluog. "Cuthbert" is formed of A.S. 
Cu5, known, and beorht, brightness ; "Moluog" of Irish Mo-lua-og, 
my little Lua, short for Lughaid, which is a proper name, perhaps 
connected with Lugh, little. 

H ardbrecins\. Supposed to be Ardbraccan, in Meath. 



NOTES ON THE TEXT. 2$^ 

Sertain verses]. Explanatory verses, sometimes Latin, often English, were 
commonly used in like cases. 

the said toumbe], Ch. xxxm, xxw. 

Cotnmed of a princelie Raice\ Here the writer is following the fabulous 
Libellus de Or/it. See Metrical Life, p. 3, etc. 

certaine Bushopes armes]. See note above. From Dugdale's notes at the 
Heralds' College, we Irani, says Raine (Brief Account, 88), thai there 
were in 1666 in the cloister "the arms oi~ Bishop Skirlaw (often 
repeated, and in one instance with the cross in saltire), Clifford, 
Willoughby, Bowel Archbishop of York, Neville (more than once), 
Spencer, Latimer, Langley, Umf'reville, Do la I lay, Newark and \Yv- 
cliffe (Skirlaw's two executors), Greystock, Bertram, Hilton, Scroop 
of Masham, Dacre, Mowbray, Percy, Maltravers, Lumley, Basset, 
Eure, Tempest, Ogle, Kyme, Fulthorp, Howes, Hansard, Old Percy, 
Percy and Lucy, Beauchamp, Heron, Vere, Surtees, Chancellor, 
Mitford of Molesdon, Widdrington, Elstob, Montboucher, Middleham, 
the See of Durham, and three other coats. These were restored in 
1828, but by a mistake . . . there were added, at the same time, the 
bearings which Dugdale had observed upon Hatfield's tomb, and in 
the windows of the Nine Altars." Scarcely any of the original 
"embellishments" were discernible in 1824. — Allan, Durham and its 
Environs, 32. 

XXXVII, pp. 77-78. 

maundy thursdaie). The ceremonies of the Maundy (so called from the 
first word of the antiphon Mandatum novum do vobis, etc.), described 
in this and the following chapter, date in some form or other from 
the sixth century, if not earlier. The constitutions of Priors Absolon, 
German and Bertram in the twelfth century provide for the Maundy at 
Durham. — Hutchinson, Durh., II, 69^., 70;^ The ceremonial 
washings seem to have arisen out of ordinary washings done in 
preparation for Easter, and the ceremonial refection called Ceena 
Domini out of the ordinary supper. Both acquired a special 
character by being associated with the washing pf the disciples' feet 
and the Last Supper. The details varied in different places, and 
increased in number as time went on. There were other ceremonies 
on Maundy Thursday and during the rest of Holy Week which are 
not mentioned in Rites, as the blessing of palms on Palm Sunday, 
and on Maundy Thursday the Reception of Penitents, the Consecra- 
tion of the Oils, the stripping and washing of altars. The author 
may have had a more vivid recollection of the rites here described, 
from having taken pari in them as a boy. Much information on the 
subject may be found in Isidorus Hispalensis, Migne, Patr. Lat., Vol. 
83, p. 764; />'. F. A/binus sen Alcuinus, ib„ 101, p. 1203; Amalarius 
lie Div. Off., il>., 105, p. 101 ! ; Joannes Abricensis, Hi. , 147, p. 127; 

Martene, de Ant. Man. Ritibus, et de Ant. Keel. Disc. ; Indices to 
these s.v. Mandatum ; the Sanim, York, Roman, and other missals; 
Lib. Evesham, cols. 85 - 87, p. nycy; I.unfranc in Reyner or Wilkins ; 
the Cistercian Consuetudines, Guignard (1878), p. 1105 Rock, IV, 234 ; 
II. J. Feasey, Hofy Week Ceremonial, 95 j Ellis and Brand, Popular 
Antiquities, I, 142 — 150. 



256 RITES OF DURHAM. 

xiif> poore aired men]. This was the Mandatum Pauperum, or Prior's 
Maundy, corresponding with the Abbot's at Westminster, Evesham, 
etc. ; the number of poor men varied. Thirteen stood for Christ and 
the Twelve Apostles. 

ix a clock]. In the evening ; the rites concluded with Compline. 
a fair longe broad thickc fourme\. See the addition at the end of this 
paragraph, p. 78. When that addition was made, the Prior's Maundy 
bench may have been placed in the transept together with the long 
form mentioned p. 34, and both used as ordinary seats. So late as 
1S01 what then passed as a Maundy bench was still kept in the 
Revestry. — See Carter's Plan, U 4, and description, p. 7 ; B.M. 
Kaye Coll., Vol. II, No. 147, which, however, does not show the 
" peces " . . "like unto a man." If (he seat represented in the 
drawing was really the old Maundy bench, these pieces must have 
been removed before the drawing was made. Or perhaps the seat 
is one of later date, or it may have been the " long forme " mentioned 
p. 34. See the next note. 
ye prior dyd washe, etc.]. The Maundy was continued in some form after 
the Dissolution. In 1545 we find "for the mand mayd apon mand 
thirsday at Mr. Deyn commandement, ijs. xd." — Durh. Misc. Cart. 
2751-9. In 1547, " In cena domini post mandatum. In ceruisia vj 
gall, ad \)d. ob., xvd. In pane, iiija'. In vino clareto, j gall., xij^. 
In vino rubeo j pottell, vnjd." — lb. , 71 19; see Rolls, under Maundy. 
There are many notices of the Maundy wine, sweetmeats, etc., in the 
Ripon Rolls. — See Mem. Ripon, III, Index. 

xxxd in money]. With reference to the thirty pieces of silver. 

certahic wafers], Obleys, or nebula? of wheat flour were made for the 
Maundy at Lincoln in 1406. — Wordsw., 185. 

the Usher door]. Mentioned again in ch. XLIV, p. 87, and XLVII, p. 90 ; it 
must be the door leading into the Deanery at the south-east corner 
of the cloisters. Here, probably, the Gentleman Usher (huissier, 
ostiarius) waited to attend the Lord Prior to the church, as the 
Verger still waits for the Dean. The Register House cannot now be 
identified. 

the hospital! of Greatham]. Greatham Hospital was founded by Bishop 
Stichill in 1272. The foundation-charter, statutes, etc., are printed, 
from Dugdale's Monasticon, in Hutchinson, III, 92 — 102. The old 
buildings were destroyed about 1803, but in the rebuilt chapel are 
some monumental inscriptions commemorating early Masters, for 
which see Hutchinson or Surtees. There are drawings of the old 
hospital in B.M. Kaye Collection, III, 126 fi\, and a view, "drawn 
anno 1778," in Grose's Antiquities, Vol. Y. 

Mr Tobias Matthew]. D.D. of Ch. Ch., Oxford, 1573, dean, 1576-1584; 
dean of Durham, 1583-94; rector of Bishopwearmouth, 1590; bishop 
of Durham, 1595 ; transl. to York, 1606 ; died 1628. From the time 
of his being made dean of Durham to 1622 he appears to have 
preached 1992 sermons, only one of which was printed ; " nemo 
in concionibus frequentior, nemo felicior, nemo quern in ajternum 
magis audire velis," says his epitaph at York. He was a great 
punster, and Fuller says " he could as well not be, as not be merrie." 



NOTES ON THE TEXT 



*37 



XXXVIII, pp. 78—79, 

a sfoole or seat]. Possibly the seal that has passed as a Maundy bench i 

see p. 256. Thai seat had a foot-hoard, but it would seal (our men. 

a /aire longe bench of Stone]. This bench no longer exists, the wall having 
been refaced, hut the Maundy benches still remain in the corres- 
ponding situations at Westminster and at Canterbury. 

certen Childrin a Row], Probably the children of the Almery (oh. 
xi. viti). This was tin- Mandatum fratrum, or Monks' maundy, 
which in monastic houses Followed the Mandatum pauperum, or 
Abbot's (or Prior's) maundy. In earlier times the monks always 
washed one another's feet. At Evesham the Abbot washed the feel 
of the Trior and monks in the chapter-house, after which his feet 
were washed by two choir-boys and by the Prior. — Liber Evesham., 
85- 

certaine pt*ers\. The Office of Compline. 

a fair almerie Joyned in ye wall]. It seems to have been fixed in a recess, 
some slighl traces of which may perhaps still be discerned. See 
further in ch. XL. 

And the stoole & bench, etc.]. We saw at the end of the last chapter how 
Toby Matthew ''annexed" the Register house to the Deanery, but 
to have destroyed one of the Maundy benches shows that he not only 
had a keen eye to his own convenience, but that he had something- of 
the spirit of his predecessor, Dean Whittingham, who "could not 
abyde anye auncvent monuments." — Ch. xxix. 

XXXIX, pp. 79-82. 

a fairs lar<r liall\. This building was constructed over a low undercroft 
consisting of round arches with ribless quadripartite vaults, and of 
some compartments with plain barrel-vaults. The superstructure, 
for some time used as the Petty Canons' Hall (see below), was 
entirely rebuilt by Dean Sudbury (1662-1684) to serve as the Chapter 
Library. The original east wall, which forms the west side of the 
Prior's Hall, was not interfered with, and it shows some remains of 
ornamental painting behind the book-cases. The present windows 
were substituted in 1858 for the characteristic ones of Sudbury's 
time. 

ye frater house]. The term frater is a later form of freitour, which is from 
the Old French fraitur, from refreitor, Latin refectorium. It has 
become assimilated in form to the Latin " frater," a brother, but has 
no etymological connexion therewith. 

is finely wainscotted]. The oak panelling now on the walls of the Deanery 
Hall has not been made for that place, and may have been moved, 
wholly or partly, from the Frater after this account was written. It 
is a beautiful example of woodwork of about Prior Castells period. 
West ami neither ( nether ) part, etc.]. This sentence is unintelligible as it 
stands in ed. 1842, alter Davies ("and on either part, ' etc.), but in 
the later editions, as in MS. L., we read that the Prater House 
" was finely wainscotted on the North and South sides ; and 
in the West and Nether Part thereof is a long Bench of Stone, in 

■7 



258 RITES OF DURHAM. 

Mason-work, from the Cellar Door to the Pantry or Cove Door" (ed. 
Hunter, 1733, p. 92). So again in Sanderson, 1767, p. 72. The 
cellar door and the pantry or covey door are both to be seen, 
blocked up, in the cellar and the pantry, but not in the present 
library, where they are concealed by wainscot. The bench must 
have been to a great extent destroyed when the present steps to the 
Loft were made. Its two ends might perhaps be found behind the 
oak panelling. The cellar and the covey remain at Worcester 
in the corresponding; situation ; date 1084-1100. 

the Pantry or Covey door\. " Covey, Obs. [perhaps derivative of Cove in its 
old sense of 'closet,' etc.], A pantry." — N. E. D. But Cove is also 
"a concave arch or vault " (tb.), and the Cove or Covey at Durham 
consists of two apartments with waggon vaults. 

sett with Imbroidered work]. " Set with imboss'd Work in Wainscot, and 
gilded under the carved Work " (ed. Hunter, 1733, p. 92). The 
meaning probably is that the Perpendicular tracery was fixed on gilt 
panels. 

vet do appear], " did long appear" (ed. Hunter, 1733, p. 92). 

hath engraven], "had engrauen " (ed. Sanderson, 1767, p. 72). 

a very strong Ambry], Probably concealed behind the present oak panelling. 
There is plenty of room for it. 

a great Mazer], A mazer is a drinking-bowl turned out of some kind of 
wood, preferably of maple, and especially bird's-eye maple, in 
Icelandic mosnrr, " spot-wood," whence the English word mazer, 
both for the wood and for the cup made thereof. The word for spot 
in Middle High German is mase, whence Dutch maselen and English 
provincial meslins, measles. See Skeat, Etym. Diet. A most 
complete and admirably illustrated account of mazers, by Mr. W. H. 
St. John Hope, will be found in Archceologia, Vol. L, 129 — 193. The 
characteristics of a mazer are, the bowl, the band or metal mounting 
round the brim, the print or circular ornament at the bottom, the 
foot, and the cover, the only essential part being the bowl. The 
band is often inscribed. No less than forty-six examples of mazers 
are particularly described, and many of them figured, in Mr. Hope's 
article, appended to which are extracts from inventories and wills, 
in which mazers are mentioned, from 1295 to 1562-3. See Rolls, 
Index under Mazers. 

called the grace cup], A later Grace-cup of silver gilt, still in existence and 
occasionally used, did like service at the Residence-dinners of the 
Dean and Prebendaries of Durham so long as those entertainments 
continued. It is shown in drawings in B.M. Kaye Coll., Ill, 1, 2. 

called Iudas Cupp], Probably from some representation on the print. 

black Mazer], Black maple wood ; see note above. 

the picture]. That is, a subject embossed or engraved on the print. 

four joynts of silver]. When the foot was, as in this case, of some length, 
mazers so fitted were known as "standing mazers." 

another fair large Ambry], Probably fixed against the wall, but here again 
a recess might be found if the panelling could be removed. This 
aumbry was made in 1433, an d the bill is preserved, — Raine, Br, 
Ace, 93«. 



NOTES ON THE TEXT. 259 

and every Atonke had his Maser\. These would be much smaller than the 
great mazers described above. A list of Lhe mazers and other plate 
belonging to the Frater has been preserved ; Raine gives an abstract 
of it. — Br. Act:, 94^. 

where he did silt as chief]. The Prior ordinarily sat at his own private 
table, the Sub-Prior presiding at the monastic table ; see ch. XXIV. 
He must not be confounded with the Deece Prior or Vice-Prior, 
ch. xux, p. 04. 

their great /'east <>/' St. Cut/iherts day in Lent]. March 20th, the day of 
St. Cuthbert's death, which always falls in Lent. That the law of 
abstinence was relaxed 011 this occasion, at any rate for the lay 
quests, appears abundantly from the Cellarers' rolls quoted by Raine 
{St. Cut/ib., 158ft.), where, besides enormous quantities offish, we find 
such entries as h' 2 oxen for the week, 21 sheep, with hundreds of 
chickens, geese, and other fowls, And Raine says that in the 
Bursar's Roll of 1344 is an entry of a payment to divers persons tor 
carrying letters from the Prior to the chief men of the Bishopric, 
inviting- them to the feast of St. Cuthbert in March. Rut see Rolls, 
544- 54.S- 

the Dresser Window of the great Kitchin]. What appears to be part of this 
window is still to be seen in the Covey, in the south wall. There is 
a space of about 15 feet between the south side of the Loft and Covey 
and the north side of the Kitchen, in which there must have been 
some passage ov lobby connecting the two buildings, as at Canterbury, 
Ely, Worcester, Castle Acre, and elsewhere. At Ely it was called 
"le Tresaunce," i.e., "transit us," a passage (Prompt. Pan'., 502). It is 
somewhat remarkable that in the text we have no description of the 
Kitchen. There are in Durham two mediaeval kitchens still in use, 
viz., that which Bishop Fox constructed within the walls of the 
square Norman keep of the Castle, and this earlier one of the Abbey, 
which is a very fine example and but little altered from its original 
state. The fabric roll for its building still exists, and shows that the 
work began in 1368 ; see Rolls, 569-580. Raine gives an abstract 
(Brief .lee., 114). Its remarkable groining and lantern are well 
represented in Billings, PI. 74. A building apparently belonging to 
the Kitchen and coeval with it, abutting on it to the S.E., is shown in 
a plate in Storer's Cathedrals (1816), Vol. II. The roof-mark of that 
same building is still to be seen. There are numerous references to 
the Kitchen in the Rolls ; see Index thereto under the word. 

the mr of the novicies, etc.). The monks usually dined in the Lott (ch. XLtv). 
See further on the Novices in ch. xi. IX, p. 96, under " Pane Richarde 
Crosbie," and in Rolls, under Novices. 

the great Cellar]. In the southern portion of the undercroft of the Great 
Dorter, to the left of the passage going from the Cloister to the 
Infirmary, called " the great cellar " to distinguish it from the cellar 
under the Loft (ch. XI.IV), and perhaps from subsidiary cellars in 
tin- vaulting under the Prater. Carter's plan shows that the one bay 
of the vaulting most to the south, perhaps the Buttery, was walled 
off from the two bays between it aiul thi' passage to the Infirmary 



260 RITES OF DURHAM. 

but had a door through. Those two bays, probably the Great 
Cellar, opened into the group of vaulted apartments under the Loft, 
viz., the lesser cellar and the Covey. 
dyd reade summe parte, etc.). See the Rule of St. Benedict, cap. 38, which, 
however, is for monks. The novices carried on in the Frater what 
had been the practice of the monks before they formed the habit 
of dining ill the Loft. In the Cafalogi Veteres, p. 80, is a list of 
books kepi in an almery bv the way to the Infirmary (see Scr. Tres, 
App. No. cccxlvii), for the reading- in the refectory, i.e. in 1395, 
while vol the monks regularly dined there. 
a convenyent place]. No signs of the arrangements here described can 
now be seen above the subvaults, this part of the Frater having- been 
rebuilt. See above, p. 257. But Mr. \V. H. St. John Hope has 
identified the base of the Frater pulpit. It is built against the frater 
wall outside and extends for three bays. It is below the level of the 
present passage from the kitchen to the Deanery. In 1544 we find, 
"Pro Refectorio," a payment of 6d. for "two hovndrith lyngkyll 
nayll for ye lettryns," probably for fastening up some sort of drapery. 
—Misc. Car/. 2769; Rolls, 726. The reader's pulpit in the Frater at 
Chester is a very fine example, Early English in character, somewhat 
late. There is an excellent illustration, showing the pulpit, with its 
staircase and two aumbries, in Murray's Chester Cathedral, 1869, 
p. 404. Another pulpit, somewhat richer, of nearly the same date, 
and quite perfect, is in the frater of the Cistercian abbey at Beaulieu, 
Hants, now the parish church. At F'ountains, the staircase and 
bracket of the pulpit remain. Other examples, or indications of their 
having- existed, occur at Worcester, Shrewsbury, the Vicar's Hall 
at Chichester, St. Agatha's by Richmond, and elsewhere. 
a gihlen Bell\. The monastic scilla or small bell commonly used in 

refectories, infirmaries, etc. See Du Cange, s.%t. Skella. 
departed to ther bookes]. Here follows, in Ed. H., this addition : — 

This Fabrick retained the Name of the Petty Canons Hall, till Dr. 
Sudbury Dean of this Cathedral generously erected a beautifull 
Library in its Place, which he not Living to finish completely, by 
the following Clause of his Last will, binds his Heir Sir JOHN 
Sudbury to the due Execution thereof. 
" Item, whereas I have lately contracted with several workmen for the 
building of a Library in the Place commonly called the Petty Canons 
Hall in the College of Durham, for the Use of the Dean and 
Prebendaries of the said Cathedral Church. And if it should please 
God that I do not live to finish the same, my will and Pleasure is, 
that my Executor, hereafter named shall pay out of my personal 
Estate, all such Sum or Sums of Money, as shall be necessary for 
the finishing thereof, according to such Form or Modell, or in such 
manner as I shall leave Directions for, under my Hand, attested by 
two or more good and sufficient witnesses." This will is dated 
Jan. 11. 1683.— Addition, Ed. H. 
The Petty Canons' Hall is mentioned in 1593. — Rolls, 738. There was 
also about 1566 "the petycanons kytching." — lb. 716. The hall had 
long been useless and ruined in 1665 (Hutchinson, II, 131;/.). 



NOTES ON THE TEXT. 26 1 

XL, pp. 82^-83. 

a fair laver or counditt]. There were Iwo distincl kinds of monastic lavers 
or lavatories, namely those ol a circular, polygonal, or multifoil form, 
and those of a long trough form, both supplied from conduits which 
were themselves supplied from springs al some distance. Thus at 
Durham the water was brought from springs which supplied a tank 
a mile to the south, and of course on higher ground. Al Westminster, 
from springs where Hyde Park now is. — Archceologia, LIII, 164. At 
Worcester, from Battenhall, Swanpool, and ultimately from Hen wick 
Hill. — Noake, Worcester, 1 11— 115. At Canterbury, (Vom springs in 
higher ground to the north of the monastery, as was the case at the 
London Charter-house. — R. Willis, Coiiv. Buildings, ch. x ; Arclueo- 
logia, LVI, 251 — 266 ; LYIII, 293 — 312. The finest example of tin 
second kind is at Gloucester ; others remain, or have left indications, 
in more or less perfect condition, at Fountains, Worcester, Peter- 
borough, Westminster, Norwich, Kirkham, Hexham, etc. The 
great cloister-laver at Durham was of the former kind, and there 
were four of the same type at Canterbury ; two were in the Infirmary 
Cloister : the laver-house of one of these still remains, and has been 
miscalled " the Baptistery " ; another was in the Great Cloister, and 
a fourth in the North Hall. Willis describes them as shown by an 
ancient drawing 1 to have been large tanks of ornamental form from 
which water either ran continually from points in the circumference, 
or was drawn off by several cocks. The three first mentioned were 
sheltered by circular houses with conical roofs. — Conv. Buildings in 
Canterbury, 1869, p. 158. At Peterborough in 1896 were found 
portions of a marble basin between 20 and 30 feet in circumference, 
with a series of small basins running round it ; it has probably been 
a great cloister laver similar to one at Maulbronn. At the Cluniac 
Priory of Wenlock, co. Salop, are the remains of a fine late Norman 
lavatory, with an enriched circular basin in the centre of which stood 
a pillar or fountain with the water supply. The whole was enclosed 
in an octagonal building, like that at the Cistercian Abbev of 
Mellifont in Ireland, projecting into the garth from the cloister alley 
in front of the frater door. The Durham example resembled this in 
arrangement. The cloister well, which afforded the earliest supply, 
and which was retained in reserve, to be used "quando pipa gelidata 
fuit " (Rolls, 536), or when from any other cause the hydraulic system 
failed, has lately been found. A full account of recent discoveries 
will probably appear in Arclucologia , LVI 1 1, pt. ii. 

in forme Round], Round within, certainly, but perhaps octagonal outside. 
The marble basin still exists, with a trough all round it. — Hillings, PI. 
xlv. The building and basin were begun, on the site of an earlier 
laver-house, in 1432, and completed the next year. A detailed 
account-roll of the expenses is printed in Scriptores Tres, App. No. 
cccxlvi ; it shows that the marble was quarried at Eggleston on the 

Tees, being bought of the abbot of the monastery there. There is 
a full account of the plumber's and Carpenter's work " circa le 

pentees," the carriage of the marble, etc., and sec Rolls, Index 
under Layers. 



262 RITES OF DURHAM. 

spoutes ofbrasse]. " Item Laurencio latonerio de Novo Castro pro factura 
le spowtys, ixs." — Roll in Srr. Tres, p. ccccxliv. 

'oiio faire wyndowes]. One on each side save that occupied by the door, 
and it was so at Wenlock. 

apparnt till this daie\. 1593- Plumber's work " ouer ye douescott " is 
mentioned in the same year. — Misc. Cart. 3131 ; Rolls, 735. 

thcr did hing a bell]. In connexion with the lavatory at Gloucester is 
a narrow vertical shaft which may have been made for the passage 
of a rope to a frater bell. 

closettes or almeries]. All traces of these have disappeared at Durham ; at 
Gloucester, however, in the wall over against the lavatory, is a fine 
groined recess for towels, formerly closed by doors, the crooks of 
which remain, and above them open tracery for the free passage of 
air, as at Durham (ch. XXXVin). The towels would hang in two 
wooden closets at the back. At Westminster are four tall niches 
united into one composition by tracery above. They have had doors, 
as is shown by the places where the hooks and fastenings have been, 
and have no doubt been the towel closets. The Durham closets are 
more particularly described above, ch. XXXVIII. Cloister towels are 
mentioned by Udalric, c. 1100 (Du Cange, s.v. Manutetgium). See 
Rolls, Index under Manutergia, Towels, Towel-closet. 

to drie ther handes]. Their hands would be partly dried in walking from 
the laver to the towel-closets by the Frater door. 

XLI, p. 83. 

all fynely glased]. Probably with white glass, so as to admit as much light 
as possible. 

in enery wyndowe iijo pewes or carrells]. The north alley was probably 
screened off at both ends. At Canterbury, Prior Selling (1472-95) 
glazed the south alley (that next to the church) " ac ibidem novos 
Textus, quos Carolos de novo vocamus, perdecentes fecit." At 
Gloucester are twenty carrels in the south alley, below the transoms 
of the windows ; the one most eastward may have been fitted up as a 
book-closet. Textus seems to be for tectos, which might mean 
covered places in a cloister. — See Du Cange, s.v. Tectus, 2. Five 
carrels remain at Chester, but in most cloisters, as at Durham, they 
have disappeared. The term pew is here used of an enclosed space 
similar to a pew in a church, and is derived from the Old French put, 
an elevated space, and pews were at first only for distinguished 
persons, as the Prior of Durham, who had " a seate or pew " in the 
Neville Chapel (ch. xx). Carol was originally a ring-dance or a 
circular enclosure, e.g. " the Gyauntes Carole," or Stone-henge, and 
stone circles in Brittany, hence an enclosure of any form ; see 
N. E. D., under Carol. There are some notices of the Carrels in the 
Rolls, o.v., Index, s.v. 

great almeries]. Some of the marks still to be seen on the wall may be 
vestiges of these book-cases. 



NOTES ON THE TEXT. 263 

old auncyent written Docters, etc.]. Fora catalogue ol the books found in 
the common almery and in various places within the cloister .11 
Durham in 1395, see Catalogi Veteres, pp. 40 7'»- Many of the 
books still remain in the Cathedral library, and contain inscriptions 
such as " Liber S'ci Cuthberti assignatus co'i armariolo," " E 
communi libraria monachorum Dunelm.," and the like. See Rials 
Catalogfue t p. 8, etc. Lanfranc, in accordance with the Rule of St. 
Benedict, ch. 48, gives minute directions about the returning and 
reissuing on the fust Monday in Lent of books which the brethren 
had out for their private study ; this is 10 be done in the chapter- 
house, and the keeper is to record in a note the names of the books, 
and of those who have received them. — Reyner, 2165 R. Willis, 
Con"'. Buildings, 332. 

pniphane authors]. As, for example, Terence, Horace, Juvenal, Virgil, 
Ovid, Cicero. See Catalogi Veteres, Index. 

XL 1 1, pp. 83 — 85. 

ye Threserhouse], The Treasury is the northernmost bay of the undercroft 

of the Dorter, separated from the rest by a thick wall. It retains its 
strong door and two locks, and its grate of iron, dividing the inner 
or western portion from that next to the cloister. The books, 
charters, etc., formerly kept here, have long been removed, as 
stated in MS. L., and in Hunter's addition, together with the 
original oak almeries, into St. Helen's Chapel over the great 
gateway ; the chapter seal is kept in the Chapter-house, and the old 
treasury is now a lumber-room. In 1391 it was called Cancellaria, 
from the grate, or " le Spendement," or, incorrectly, " Splendement, 
from the paying of wages and other money through the bars. 
A great many of the more valuable books were kept in this secure 
place. See Catalogi Veteres, v. vi, 10, 34, 85. From this use it was 
called " Libraria interior." 

]■■ Chapter scale]. While now oi' late it is altered, their Treasure and 
Money being kept in a strong House over the East Gates of the 
Abbey in the South Raily now called the Exchequer ; but in the said 
old Treasury the Common Chapter Seal is still kept. Addition, Ed. II. 
The two bays of the undercroft next to the old Treasury served 
for the Song-school until it was removed to the chamber over 
the Parlour in 1900. At present (1903) the first bay from the 
Treasury is occupied by the vestries of the Minor Canons and the 
King's Scholars, the next two being used by the lay-clerks and 
choristers. 

a fair Ivory squared table . . . great c/iests]. " Ivory" only in MS. L. 
The table was probably inlaid with squares of ivory and of some 
black or dark material, so as to form a checkered board to calculate 
upon. Hence our term "Exchequer," a literary corruption of the 
old form " escheker." See X. K. D. There are now in the Library 
three "great chests " that came from the Treasury. The largest is 
6 ft. 8 in. long, 1 ft. 10 in. wide, and 2 feel high outside. It is made 
of oak, 2 in. to 3 in. thick, and entirely covered by iron plates j 1 . to 

3^ in. wide and nailed firmly on. Inside it is lined with coarse 



264 RITES OF DURHAM. 

white canvas. There are three locks, and arrangements tor two 
padlocks besides. At either end is an iron ring', attached by two 
long iron loops. The next is a few inches smaller every way, is not 
lined, and has no end rings. It is plated with iron outside like the 
last, and has in the lid four coin-slits placed over four compartments 
into which the chest was divided by three partitions now gone ; 
the grooves in which they were fixed remain, as also grooves for 
saddle-backed contrivances, one under each coin-slit, to make it 
impossible to get the coins out by means of hooked wires or anything 
of that sort. There are two locks, and provision for three padlocks- 
The four compartments may have been for the separate funds of the 
Bursar, the Sacrist, the Almoner, and the Hostillar, and the five 
keys for the Prior or Subprior and those four officers. The third 
chest is little more than half the size of the largest one. It is made of 
fir boards zV 2 to 3 inches thick, and is not iron plated. The lid is 
coved and crescent-shaped in section, 3^ inches thick in the middle, 
and made of a single piece of wood. On the top is an iron plate, 
five or six inches square, with a coin-slit in the middle. This chest 
has one lock, and provision for two padlocks. There is at the 
Castle an ancient iron-bound chest similar to those above described, 
and which has long been said to be " the chest in which St. Cuth- 
bert's body was deposited"; there is a woodcut of it in Allan's 
"View of the City of Durham," etc., 1824, p. 199. It was probably 
a chest made to contain the charters, plate, or other valuables of the 
bishops, and it is very unlikely that St. Cuthbert's body was ever 
placed in it. There are two other ancient chests at the Castle. 

a fair great stall, etc.]. All these arrangements have disappeared. 

on their bookes]. There is a list of the books found in the common ahnery 
of the novices within the cloister in 1395, in Catalogi Veteres, 81. 

the same use and purpose]. Hunter, p. 99, here adds " A little South of the 
Treasury is a convenient Room, wherein is established the Song- 
school, for the Instruction of Boys, for the Use of the Ouire ; the 
Song-school in the South Isle of the Lanthorn, being decently 
furnished with a reading Desk, convenient Seats, and all other 
laudable Decencies, is appropriated to the Service of GOD ; where 
Morning Prayer is daily celebrated at Six in the Morning- throughout 
the whole Year, except on Sundays and Holydays." With regard to 
these 6 a.m. prayers, the following notices have been found. At the 
end of the Treasurer's book of 1633 4 is a list of stipends, etc., 
newly granted pro beneplacito, after 1620, and paid annually. Among 
these we find : -" Minoribus Canonicis pro lectione Matutinarum ad 
Hor. b, 5/. 45. or/." There is a Chapter Order of 1621, "That the 
prayers at six of the Clocke in the morning shall henceforth be reiki 
in the Quire of this Church." In 1630 it was objected to Cosin and 
other members of Chapter, " You have built a new payre of gorgius 
organes, which have cost at least 700//., which you command to be 
played upon not only at the 6 o'clock prayer in the morning' 
(wherby you have driven away from the church all schollars and 
artificers, which were w r onl to frequent that morning prayer, when it 
was short, and playnly said, so that they might understand it), but 



NOTES ON 11 IK TEXT. J(>5 

also," etc. ; and again, "as yf you could never have chaunling 
ynough, you and your fellows have taken away the plain morning- 
prayer ai (> of the clocke, ordained by the Statutes for scholars) and 
artificers, and have turned it all in a manner into chaunting and 
piping." There is no such order in the Statutes. In 1633 4 we find 
the £5 4s. paid " Minoribus Canonicis Malutinarum Lectoribus 
Hebdomadariis extra Chorum," so thai the order of 1621 had 
been rescinded. The payment ol two minor canons as Readers 
of tlu- Morning Prayers continued until 1K54 and 1864, when, the 
service having long ceased to bo held, the offices of the two last 
readers wore not filled up. In the eighteenth century there were 
payments to the vergers, or to the sub-sacrist, " pro prseparalione 
oratorii pro prec. matutin., 1/.' There is a good deal of information 
on this subject in Walcott's Traditions, etc., of Cathedrals, 1X72, 
pp. 97 — 102. See also a letter of Dean Whittingham in Strype's 
Parker (1821), I, 267 8, or Camden Misc., VI, 23/1. Walcott's state- 
ment, that " in Defoe's time 500 people attended the 6 o'clock 
service," relates not to Durham, but to Exeter. " It is no un- 
common Tiling to see 500 People here in a Morning ; which is at 
least five Times as many as usually attend at St, Paul's, or any 
other Six o'clock Chapel I was ever al ; and it is commendable, 
that the Reader doth not here curtail the Morning Service, by 
leaving out any Part of it, as in other Places they do. Here are 
two Morning Lectures preached weekly; viz., Tuesday and Friday 
Mornings.' Daniel Defoe, A tour, etc., 7th edition, 1769, Vol. I, 
p. 370, note, referring to the "daily Prayers at Six in the Morning." 

XLIII, pp. 85—86. 
y r Dorter], There was an earlier dormitory in Norman tunes on the east 
side of the cloister-garth ; the cellarage under the Dean's hall and 
dining-room probably represents the original Common-house with 
Dormitory over it ; some blocked Norman windows, and the cloister- 
doorway and remains of the stairs of the latter may stili be seen. 
Early in the twelfth century these were found to be too small ; the 
new Chapter-house not only occupied much of the space, but cut off 
direct access from the dormitory to the church, and the Prior, 
wanting a great house, worked into it what was left of the old 
dormitory and cellars, adding to them eastward, notably by the 
erection of the thirteenth century Priors Chapel and its crypt. The 
western range would usually have the great cellar below and the 
cellarer's hall above, and this may have been the case here in 
Norman times. The great doorway of the later dormitory, perhaps 
that of the original Parlour, and other Norman portions remain, but 
that dormitory was almost wholly rebuilt in the thirteenth century as 
the Great Dormitory, for which purpose it would be secluded enough 
after the Galilee hail cut off access from the north. The cellarage 
was then reconstructed as Treasury, Common-house, Great cellar, 
etc. Nothing is left ol the superstructure fust placed over the 
present cellarage, unless some portions ol the walls, and a 
shouldered doorway that opened into the church under the S.W. 
tower, on a level with the dormitory floor, belonged to it. This 



266 RITES OF DURHAM. 

doorway may have led to wooden stairs for access to the church by 
night. The dormitory referred to in the text, and still existing as the 
New Library, was begun in 1398 and finished in 1404. The contracts 
for the work are printed in Scrip/ores Tres, App. Nos. clx, clxiv. 
For notices of it, and of contributions to it, see Rolls, Index, under 
Dormitory. 

a litle chamber of ivainscott\. All the original fittings have disappeared, but 
some idea of the arrangements may be gained from the present 
windows, which, to a great extent, occupy the places of the old ones. 

///or was no windowes]. There are still no windows on the east side 
towards the south end, because there the Loft abuts on the Dor- 
mitory wall. On the opposite wall some part of the Infirmary 
probably abutted in like manner, the modern windows there having 
apparently been inserted where none had existed previously. 

a dosen cressetts\ Cavities wrought in the four-square stone. See above, 
ch. 1, note ; ch. XIII, and note. 

a faire large house}. This was a substantial building found in all 
monasteries, constructed with no attempt at concealment. The plan 
of or for St. Gall in the ninth century (Arch. Journal, Vol. V, p. 85) 
shows six of these necessaria provided for different places in that 
great monastery, besides some smaller ones, and the chief or Great 
Xecessarium connected with the Great Dormitory. The seven large 
ones are shown as isolated buildings connected by narrow passages 
with the apartments that they served. The Necessarinm had many 
different names. At Canterbury it was called the Third Dormitory 
to distinguish it from the Great and from the Second (officers') 
dormitory, " Dormitory " probably in playful allusion to the monks 
dozing in its recesses ; see Lanfranc, quoted in note below on 
"privy searche." Elsewhere the Privy Dorter, the Rere Dorter, 
or, as here, the Privies, or as in Rolls, 603, Secretum Dormitorii. 
Wherever it could be managed, a watercourse flowed through the 
pit below, or was held up and occasionally allowed to rush through 
for Hushing purposes. This could not be done at Durham in the 
usual way, owing to the peculiarity of the site, and some method 
oi' flushing from the conduit must have been adopted. There are 
considerable remains of the Rere-dorter at Kirkstall, St. Agatha's 
by Richmond, Castle Acre, Netley, Canterbury, Worcester, and at 
Lewes, where it was 158 feet long, with 61 compartments, in a row 
against the south wall, over the watercourse. The pit exists at 
Westminster and elsewhere. For Canterbury, see R. Willis, Conv. 
Buildings, p. 82 ff. ; for Castle Acre, Hope, in Norfolk Archaology, 
XII, 132-4; and for Lewes, Hope in Sussex Arckceol. Collections, 
XXXIV 7 , 98, and Arch. Journal, XLI, 26. At Worcester much has come 
to light since Willis wrote in Arch. Journal, Vol. XX, 83—133. At 
Durham the pit remains, with an outlet westward, but it has not been 
fully explored, else the two great pillars might have been seen. The 
south wall is standing up to the sills of the little windows, and now 
forms the north wall of the stables over the Lying-house (ch. XLVl) ; 
these have a hayloft over them, in which the window sills are visible. 
In an oil-painting at the Castle, probably of the sixteenth or 



NOTES ON 11 IK I IX 1. 267 

seventeenth century, the Roto Dorter and a larger building to the 
south ("the Master of the Fermerey's chamber") are shown as 
standing in juxtaposition at right angles to the Dorter, roofed, and 
with windows of late character, as if they had been adapted to later 
uses. 

title ivyndowes]. See the last note. At Worcester, a stretch of the south 
wall of the corresponding building is standing, with five very narrow 
Norman slit windows widely splayed inside. Between the windows 
are the holes where the wooden partitions were fixed, and on the 
Boor-level, over the pit, holes for joists. A small piece of the front 
wall of the pit remains. 

there is iij fair glass rvyndowes\. Both these and the original " litle 
wyndowes " appear from this passage to have remained till about 

' 593- 

tt privy scurchc\. Here the Subprior performed the duty assigned to the 
Circa or Circnniitor in Lanfranc's Constitutions, in accordance with a 
direction in the Rule of St. Benedict, ch. xlviii, that one or two 
seniors " circumeant monasterium horis quibus vacant fratres 
lectioni," lest any should be slothful or a hindrance to others. In 
later times it was found desirable that these rounds should be 
extended thus: " accensa candela in absconsa, unus eoruni in 
dormitorio debet circumire lectos omnium, et omnia sedilia in 
necessariis, solicite considerans tie forte aliquis frater dormiens ibi 
remanserit . . . vero cum dormientes invenerit non eos quocunque 
modo tangat, sed modeste atque ordinate sonitum tantummodo, quo 
excitentur, faciat." — Lanfranc, c. 1072. 

paved iv tl1 fyne tried stone]. If any of this pavement remains, it is concealed 
by the present boarded floor of the New Library. 

The Supprior dyd aheaies dyne, etc.]. The Prior commonly taking his 
meals in his own hall or private apartment. 

praier & deuocton], " Mox ut surrexerint a ca±na, sedeant omnes in unum, 
et legal unus Collationes, vel \'itas Patrum, aut certe aliud quod 
asdificet audientes." — fteg- S. Be/ied., cap. xlii. These conferences 
may have been held in the chapter-house at Durham, and they may 
be what the writer is referring to. 

they -cent t<> y Salvi]. The meaning probably is that they went to 
Compline, and that this office was sometimes called the Salve from 
the antiphon Salve Regina, the earliest antiphon of the Blessed 
Virgin commonly recited in the Church. In the Roman Breviary it 
is directed to be said after Lauds and Compline from Trinity Sunday 
to Advent. According to Zaccaria, it had no place in that Breviary 
till Cardinal Ouignon introduced it, and it has often been said 
that it was transferred from Ouignon's Breviary to that of Pius Y. 
There are, however, early printed Roman Breviaries with this 
anthem in them at Compline. It is not in the Old English Breviaries, 
but nevertheless it was recited after Compline by the Franciscans as 
early as 1241), and by the Benedictines earlier than 1343. It was 
ordered to W sung with special solemnity, and so might easily give 
its name to the whole of the service at which it was used. It was, 
indeed, the great musical effort of the quire, sung in pricksong in 



268 RITES OF DURHAM. 

many parts, even a dozen or more. It was sung in the richer parish 
churches and was very popular, h lent its name to other anthems 
similarly used, and was the parent of the anthem now sung after 
Mattins and Evensong - . In a modern monastery the Salve sung - at 
the end of Compline commonly impresses the lay mind much more 
than the office itself. See a constitution in Reyner, Appendix, 153 ; 
B. Gavanti, Comm. in Ritbr. Breviarii, % V, cap. xxii, 5 ; Addis and 
Arnold, Cat/i. Diet., 742 : J. Wickham Legg, Principles, etc., of 
Prayer Book, 33. 

vj of ye cloche]. After Compline and Salve, the monks went to bed, but it 
must be remembered that they rose at midnight for Mattins. See ch. 
XHi, at the end. 

XLIV, pp. 86—88. 

The Lofte\. So called in Durham as being on a higher level than the 
Frater. It corresponded with the Misericorde at Westminster and 
elsewhere, called Deportum at Canterbury, a subsidiary Frater 
where certain monks dined who for infirmity or other reasons were 
allowed to take their meals outside the Frater proper, and with 
indulgences that could not be permitted there. Hence it may well 
have been called, as it appears to have been in Durham, Solarium 
Caritatis, under which head see the Index to Rolls. At the 
beginning of the fourteenth century Winchelsey's Statutes provide 
for the additional masses to be attended by those who in their turns 
were taking their Deportum. See further in R. Willis, Conv. 
Buildings, 59 — 61, and, with reference to St. Agatha's by Richmond, 
Hope, in Yks. Arch. Jrnl., X, 144. It appears that at Durham, in 
the sixteenth century, all the monks regularly dined in the Loft, and 
the novices only in the Frater, except on festival days (ch. XXXIX, 
xliv). In a statute of 1444 it is strictly forbidden that any but 
growing youths dine in the Frater from September 13 to Ash 
Wednesday, save on Sundays and festivals. See Reyner, Appendix, 
129. Cf. Reg. S. Bened., cap. xli. 

The mounckes dyd all dyne together]. This is perhaps not quite accurate. 
We find some of the obedientiaries having their " meat," which may 
have included their dinner, served from the kitchen to their checkers 
(ch. xlix). And according to MS. H. 45, L., and Da vies, it was the 
old monks that dined and supped in the Loft. The old discipline 
may have become much relaxed at the last. 

aboue ye seller]. The small cellar, that is, under the northern portion of the 
Loft. It has a square opening in the centre of the vault, as if for 
letting down and drawing up vessels, and beside the door leading to 
it from the covey or pantry is a small opening which has had a little 
door and fastenings, as if for serving drink from the cellar to the 
covey without opening the great door. The internal dimensions of 
this cellar are about 28 ft. by 10 ft. Between it and the cellarage 
under the Dorter, " the great cellar," was another doorway, now 
blocked. 
y said great kitchinge serninge, etc.]. Nevertheless there may have been 
smaller kitchens for minor cookeries, as in the Infirmary, Guest-hall, 
etc. 



NOTES ON I III. 1 EXT. 269 

two dresser windowes], Ch. xxxix mentions one of these windows as "the" 
dresser window, in connexion with the great feast of St. Cuthbert in 
Lent, p. 81, and of either this or the other as "a" dresser window, 
through which the novices were served on ordinary days, p. K-'. 
A dresser window was an opening provided with a "dresser" or 
table on both sides, for the convenient passing through of dishes 
and other vessels, etc. Both windows have disappeared ; one does 
not quite see why the larger window did not servo for all days. 
There are two at Westminster in a fifteenth or sixteenth century 
wall blocking up a large fourteenth-century arch which was once 
open. Meat could be served more quickly through two dresser- 
windows used together than through one. 

a>i(l s<> «/> a greece}. L'p a flight of steps, but these have all gone, and it 
cannot now be seen how the monks went up from the Frater-house 
door into the Loft. 

another door, that went into the great Cellar]. We o\o not know exactly 
where the "greesefoot " was, but it must have been somewhere in or 
near the smaller cellar under the Loft. Carter's plan shows an open 
doorway, now blocked, between the one cellar and the other, and a 
second doorway in the wall, now destroyed, that divided the Great 
Cellar proper from the compartment oi' the undercroft of the Dorter 
next to it on the South. " Buttery " (a place for Butts, see N. E. D.) 
appears to have been a synonym for the Great Cellar. 

not so great for every day]. This Loft since the Dissolution of the 
Monastery was made the dining-room of the Fifth Prebendaries 
house. — Addition, Ed. H. After the suppression of six of the 
Prebendaries, this same room was made, and is now (iqo^) the 
Librarian's room. 

v'vshers dottr\. Seech. XXXVII. The entry still remains, though blocked 
eastward by modern alterations. 

ye centorie garth]. The Centry or cemetery garth which has been so often 
mentioned. 

ther did Stand, etc.]. This custom appears to have been something of the 
same kind as the I'isilatio tumuli per xxx dies prescribed in Liber 
Evesham. (11. Bradshaw Soc), col. 147, a usage not mentioned in 
the Concordia Kegularis nor in Lanfranc. There were doubtless at 
Durham, as in other Benedictine houses, many private practices or 
customs besides the common practice of the Rule, and the daily visit 
to the graves seems to have been one of these local usages. We 
find a similar custom at St. Albans. Abbot Hugh (1308, 26) 
"concessit etiam fratribus universis, ut quibuscunque temporibus die 
competentibus dictum locum (coemeterium) vellenl visitare, orandi 
causa, facultatem haberent, silent jo minime relaxato." Gesta Abb, 
S. Albani, Rolls edition. Vol. II, p. 125. Cornelius A Lapide in his 
commentary on St. Luke viii, 29, speaks of having witnessed the 
visitation of the tombs at Arras in Belgium, when' a number of 
persons came lo make their prayers and where lights were burnt to 
keep away demons. 

the onelie writers of all the actes, etc.|. As, tor example, Symeon of 
Durham, the Scriplores '/'res (Coldingham, Graystanes, and 
Chambre), Reginald of Durham, and Prior Wessington, 



2~0 RITES OF DURHAM. 

what miracles was done}. Not only the miracles related by Bede, Symeon, 
Reginald, and others, but much later ones. In 1410-11 we find a 
payment of 6s. 8d. to one relating' a miracle of St. Cuthbert (Rolls, 
138), and a miracle wrought in July, 1502, is related in Scr. Tres, 152. 

XLY, pp. 88—89. 

The Commone Howse\. Otherwise called the Calefactory or Warming-house, 
from the fire that was allowed in it (see eh. l). It was here in the 
usual situation, namely in the basement of the Dorter. The Bene- 
dictine Common House only occupied two or three bays. It was 
used for warming and recreation, sometimes, perhaps, for shaving 
and bleeding, but ai Durham there were separate shaving and 
bleeding houses. — Rolls, Index. Carter's plan shows the partition 
walls that bounded the Common-house and the Great Cellar, 
with the passage between them that led to the Infirmary. Not 
only these walls, but all traces of the fireplace have disappeared. 
At Westminster the Common-house occupied two bays, at Durham 
three. At Westminster a chapel was placed on the east side of 
the Common-house, opening out of it. This arrangement was 
impossible at Durham by reason of other buildings occupying the 
space. For much information with regard to the Common-house, 
see Rolls, Index under Commoner, and Common-house. In Cistercian 
abbeys, the Common-house was an independent building, adjoining 
the frater. — Hope, in Yks. Arch. J nil., XV, 356 — 361. 

a garding and a boivlinge allie]. Where these were, is now a grassplat or 
bowling-green, but the doorway shown in Carter's plan as having led 
to them has been destroyed. 

remedy of there mr\. "Remedy" is an old term for an extra holiday or 
play-time. It occurs in the Founder's Statutes of St. Paul's School, 
1518, in Instructions to the Master of Merchant Taylors', c. 1560, 
and it is still current at Winchester and at St. Paul's. 

O Sapientia\. The 16th of December is so called because on that day the 
first of the anthems called " the great O's," or " the O's of Advent," 
was sung, and it began with those words. There were eight of 
them, or nine including " O Thoma Didyme," which was sung on the 
2 1 st. See the Sarum Breviary, Cambr. edition, fasc. I, cols, civ, 
clvi, or York, Surtees edition. Vol. I, cols. 57, 58. See further in the 
note on the Commoner, ch. xi.ix, and, for a very full treatment of the 
whole subject, Archceologia , XLIX, 219 — 242. 

a sollemtic banqnett]. This was in fact a "pittance," i.e. an occasional allow- 
ance of something besides the common fare. For other "great O 
pittances" at St. Paul's, Abingdon, Bur}', and in France, see Archee- 
ologia (ubi cit.). As to Durham, see Rolls, Index under Pittances. 

XLVI, p. 89. 

The Fermerye}. For more about the Infirmary, see above, ch. xxm. 

the mr of ye fermeryes chamber}. This was a usual appendage to the 
Infirmary. At Canterbury, Prior Hathbrande (1338-70) built the hall 
called " Mensa Magistri Infirmatorii " (or "Table Hall" at the 
Reformation) as the Refectory for those who were able to quit their 



NOTES ON THE TEXT. 271 

chambers or were relieved from strict observance of the Rule, Its 
walls remain, projecting northward from the Infirmary* -R. Willis, 
Conv. Buildings, 55. At Peterborough it stands just detached from 
the N.E. corner ot the Infirmary chapel. At Ely it remains as a 
canon's house, projecting northward from the Infirmary aisle and 
chapel, It was called the "Gent Hall," probably from the enter- 
taining of gentlefolk therein. The admission of seculars to the 
Infirmary became an abuse against which regulations had to l>e 
issued. See Cott. MSS. Claud. E. IV, 245; Jul. D. II, 1586; Nero 
A. XII, 158A, quoted in Fosbrooke, British Monachism (1817), 324//;/. 
The Farmery tare is satirized by Langland in Piers Plowman 
(Skeat's edition, 1886, 1, 392). Of the Infirmary itself nothing is 
left in Durham, nor have we any description of it in our text. The 
monastic Infirmary, generally speaking, resembled the nave oi a 
church, with side aisles, columns, and arches, and clerestory 
windows above ; to the east was the chapel, like a chancel in 
situation, but having a real chancel of its own. The main portions 
of the Infirmary remain at Canterbury, Ely, Peterborough, Glou- 
cester, and elsewhere. At Durham there was hardly room for such 
buildings as those were ; the peculiarities of the site must have 
required an Infirmaiy somewhat different in design, and it pro- 
bably stood, as at Fountains, north and south, with the chapel, as 
well as the master's " chamber,'' camera, ov house, at right angles to 
it. Its west side may have stood on the ancient retaining ami 
supporting walls that yet remain at the back of one of the canons' 
houses. On the master's chamber, see the next note. In the 
Rolls, see Index under Infirmary, will be found a great deal of 
information connected with this part of the Abbey. But references 
to pp. 199 258 in the Rolls Index belong to the Infirmary without 
the gates. 
. v ' lynghouse\ In Carter's plan, as also in his Plate III, is well shown a 
Norman building running east and west, marked B and described as 
" ancient building,' in a line with the passage between the great 
cellar and the common house described above, p. 270. It is also 
shown in an old painting ; see above, p. 266. This building has been 
greatly altered and made into stables ; under these is a vaulted room 
that was cleared out in [890-95 ; its floor is 23 feet beneath the 
present level of the ground. It is 24 feet 3 inches long from east to 
west, 14 ft. 5 in. wide, and 19 ft. 2 in. high. Entrance was obtained 
through a doorway on the south side with a door opening outwards 
and secured by a wooden bar that slipped back into a hole in the 
jamb. The doorway leads from a vaulted passage at the foot of a 
newel staircase descending from the upper storey, now stables, but 
formerly, no doubt, " the master of the Fermeryes chamber,' 
Carter's "ancient building," which still retains a round-headed 
window in its west gable. It may safely be assumed that the vaulted 
apartment beneath, which is provided with two latrines and a door 
closed on the outside, has been the Lynghouse. See further in 
Greenwell, 89, note 2; Rolls, 265, 271. At Ely there was "camera 
in Infirmaria qua? vocatur Helle. " Sacrist's Roll] i.,-'2 3, in 
Stewart's Ely Cathedral , 275. 



272 RITES OF DURHAM. 

a trap Dour], The vaulting- fell in (and with it the horses of Dr. Wellesley, 
1 hen Canon) many years ago. When the fallen stones were taken 
Out as above stated, there were found among' them three which had 
been so cut that they might have formed parts of a square opening in 
the vault, one showing two internal angles and the others one eaeh. 
And in the Rolls, p. 271, we find mention of "ligatur' pro hostio 
vocato trapdure supra lynghouse." 



XLVII, p. 89 — 90. 

The gest hall]. The canon's house formerly attached to the third stall, and 
now occupied by the Professor of Divinity, stands on the site of the 
Guest-hall, with which it corresponds very nearly in length and 
breadth. These dimensions are thus given in Arundel MS. 30, at 
the Coll. of Arms, fo. 214 (13th century), " Latitudo aule hospitu ibid. 
Iv. ped. Longitudo iiijxx viij ped." It retains Norman walls north, 
south, and west, with round-headed openings, and a noble cellar 
under part of it, in a vaulted basement with nine columns and round 
arches, now used as the kitchen. Hunter's remark, appended to 
this note, does not imply that the whole of the substructure was 
demolished, nor, perhaps, that all the chambers were. This hall 
seems to answer to the Cellarer's hall or Guesten hall at Canterbury, 
and the Terrer and Cellarer at Durham appear to have shared the 
duties that fell to the Cellarer elsewhere (see ch. xlix). Yet there 
was a Hostillar as well. — See Rolls, Index under Camera, Guests, 
Guest-hall, Hostillar. 
The following passage, omitted in p. 105 of Hunter's editions, is 
added at the end, after p. 168 : — " The Houses belonging- to the Four 
following Prebends, viz., the Second, Third, Fourth, and Tenth, 
enjoyed by the Rev. Dr. Benson, Mr. Skckkr, Mr. Falle, and Dr. 
Sharp, were prepared out of the apartments and other offices 
belonging to the Guest's Hall, the Hall itself being wholly 
demolished, nothing thereof remaining except a Part of the Western 
Wall : But nothing remains to let us know, what was in the Sixth 
and Twelfth Prebendaries Houses, at present enjoy'd by the Rev. 
Dr. Watts, and Dr. Ri'NDEL." Much more than the west wall still 
remains ; see note above. 

pillers supporting yt\. The other English guest halls, of which we have 
sufficient knowledge to enable us to speak positively, were simple 
halls without pillars. 

The chambers & lodginges]. Several of the chambers are mentioned by 
name in the Rolls, e.g. in pp. 147 — 149. These may have been over 
the great hall, or else beside it on the same level. There is a 
chamber with a fine oak roof, to the west, which may well have been 
the " King's Chamber.'' We find in 1416-46, " reparacio camera? 
australis Hostillariae, vocatas Camera Regalis," and " factura 
Camerae Regalis." — Scr. Tres, pp. eclxxiv, eclxxv. 

a seller apper/ayninge, etc.|. There is a good deal of cellarage yet 
remaining ; see note above. 



NOTES ON THE TEXT. 273 

there needed nogeist haule]. The Prior had his own great ball in his house, 
answering in its uses to the later Priors hall at Canterbury called 
Mi-ist onu-iN, ihe rlomors, etc., which succeeded to the Nova Camera 
Prions of Norman times ; that is to say ii served for the more 
private hospitalities of the Prior, as distinct from those of the 
Convent. See Rolls, Index under Trior, and Introduction, p. iii. 
Sometimes, as at Worcester, the Trior's great hall served also as 
the Guesten hall of the Convent. 

the Benevolence therof]. In the Cosin MS. all lias boon omit led in the 
copying from these words to "that no thinge should be wantinge 
tor any stranger," etc., in oh. xux, paragraph on Dane Roger 
Watson, but that ami other omitted portions are addeil at the end. 

two porters}. The Hall door has been destroyed or concealed, but the 
Usher door remains in its original state. See above, on eh. XXXVII. 

XLVIII, pp. 91 — 92. 

i"' childrine of v aumerey]. There was a question whether the monastic 
Eleemosyna " possit distribui in usus Scholarium proficere volentium 
in studio Grammatics, prout fieri solet in quibusdam monasteriis, in 
quibus de remanentibus Monachorum in Eleemosynaria exhibentur 
tales Scholares in magno numero ? " The conclusion was, " videtur 
quod non, quia tales aliunde laborando, possunt sibi vitae necessaria 
quaerere, . . . maxime si occasione talium suhstrahatur Eleemosyna 
ab egenis, et pauperibus magis indigentibus qui seipsos relevare 
non possunt." — Lyndewode, Provinciate, 1679, p. 209. Notwith- 
standing this adverse judgment, there were children of the Almery 
not only at Durham, but at St. Augustine's, Canterbury, and no 
doubt elsewhere. 
»ver ye gatcs\. Those of the stable, apparently, under the stairhead. See 

the next paragraph. 
Mr. Steph : Marleys lodginges], Stephen Marley, B.D., was one of the 
monks who were made prebendaries on the new foundation in 1541. 
He had been sub-prior, and when the Almery was abolished its 
buildings were assigned to him. Great parts of the original walls 
remain, but it has been much altered since his time, and served 
as the house attached to the sixth stall until it was vacated 
under the Act for the reconstitution of the Chapter in 1840, since 
which time it has been used for Chapter offices. 
V fcrmorv chamber ivtho-ivte ye Abbey gatcs\. Apparently the same as "the 
Farmery without the South gaits," mentioned a little below, and the 
infirmaria extra portam abbathue, the expenses of which occur 
annually in the Almoners' Rolls. — See Index to Rolls, under Infirmary, 
outer, and Infirmary, reff. 199 — 258. The principal gates may have 
been called the South gates with reference to the North gates at 
the end of the Bailey. The Triors appear to have maintained an 
Infirmitorium seecularium outside the gates, with its own chapel. 
No traces of this Farmery or of its chapel are known to exist. 
They probably occupied the site where are now the stables of No. 1, 
South Bailey, and where an old road, now disused, leads down to 

18 



274 RITES OF DURHAM. 

the river. It was sometimes called the Infirmary " between the two 
Baileys.'* On the Cistercian Lay folks' Infirmary see Yks. Arch. 
/ml., XV, 393- 

S r Rob : Hartburne\. Rector of Kimblesworth, 1526; he died 1543. 

Magdelens chappell\. The ruins stand in a garden a little to the north of 
the higher part of Gilesgate. For its history see Memorials of St. 
Giles's (Surtees Soc), Intr., xxix ; Rolls, Index under Magdalens, 
and Intr. to Rolls, xxxix. 

Kimblesworth chappell\. Kimblesworth was called a rectory. The church 
or chapel had gone to decay in 1593, and the parish has long been 
united to that of Witton Gilbert (Hutchinson, II, 350). It is about 
three miles north of Durham. The only vestige of the chapel is an 
Early English grave-cover, quite plain, lying by a hedge near the 
site, which is under the plough, in " Chapel Field." 

the Covie\. See above, ch. XXXIX, note, p. 258. The door from the Frater, 
blocked up, the great kitchen window, mutilated and blocked up, and 
the window or square opening where the children received their 
meat and drink, are all to be seen in the Covey or vaulted pantry 
under the Loft. There are many references to it and to the Clerk of 
the Covey (Covent, p. 91) in the Rolls, see the Index under Cova. 

the farmery wthouf yf south gaites\. See note, p. 273. The four aged 
women would probably in many cases be relatives of the monks, 
persons who might well be considered to have a special claim on the 
hospitality of any monaster) - . 

ye releefe]. " The remains of a meal gathered together to be bestowed as 
alms." — Liber Evesham., H. Bradshaw Soc, p. 178. " Cumque 
omnes comederint ; percutiat ter mensam cum cultello et colligatur 
releuium." — lb., col. 17. 

to save tnessc to]. An improper expression, but probably one which was 
current. Some people would now speak of reading the prayers "to" 
three or four old women. 

XLVIII (A), pp. 92—93. 

a stately Fabrick], See Carter, PI. iv, v ; Billings, passim ; Greenwell, 

pp. 81, 82. 
the East Front of the Aline Altars], See the old view, showing the statues, 

in Durham and North umb. Arch. Trans., V , PI. vii, and p. 36, and the 

two plates in Hutchinson, II, at p. 224. 

XLIX, pp. 93-98. 

Thes Beynge, etc.]. In Hunter's edition, 1733, and the reprint, 1743, 
p. 116 ff., these paragraphs on the officers come after all the rest, 
and are preceded by the chapter on " The Steeple " here printed, 
which is not in the MSS. nor in Davies, but is in Sanderson, 1767, 
p. 89. 

Mounckes and officers]. We here have notices of the Obedientiaries or 
monks holding offices and having each his own separate chamber. 
The Officers or Obedientiaries in a Benedictine monastery were not 
all the same everywhere, and their number increased with division of 



NOTES ON THE TEXT. 275 

labour as time wont on. Besides monks and novices, who wore not 
officers, the Rule of St. Benedict (c. A.D. 540) mentions only the 
Abbot, the Praepositus, Provost, or Prior, Deans, Priests (monks then 
being commonly laymen), the Cellarer, and the Porter. The monks 
then took their turns as weekly servers in the kitchen and weekly 
readers, and some were artificers. Lanfranc [c. \.n. 1073) gives 
minute particulars as to the duties of the Abbot, the Major Prior, the 
Cloister or deputy Prior, the Circumit ores or Circae, the Cantor, the 
Secret ari us ov Sacrist, the Chamberlain, the Cellarer, the Guest- 
master, the Almoner, and the Infirmarer. For the officers and 
servants at Worcester in later times, see Noako's Worcester, 242 ff. ; 
at Winchester, Kitchin's Compotus Rolls, Hants Record Soc, Introd., 
3] -33, No doubt, as a rule, the more capable and energetic of the 
monks found their way into the Obedientiary Offices by a process 
akin to " natural selection.'' Each of the principal officers, in later 
times at least, had definite estates, charges on churches, or other 
sources of income, assigned to his office, for which he was 
responsible at the audit to the Abbot (or Prior) and Convent. And 
each had to produce to the Bursar his own account-rolls, many of 
which have survived, and of these some have been printed, as by the 
Surtees and other societies. Some at least of the officers were 
excused some of their personal attendance in the church, and had 
vicars assigned to perform their duties in choir and at the altars. — 
See Rolls, Index under Obedientiaries, Officers, Officiarii, Vicar. 

Dane Stephen Merle v ye Supprior, etc.]. See note on him, p. 273 ; 
also Hutchinson, II, 190 ; and on the Sub-prior, ch. xliv. " Dane " 
or " Dan " was the English form of the title dominus, used especially 
in speaking of or to members of religious orders, but also in the case 
of others. 

maister of the fratere]. The " Refectorarius " or fraterer. — See Index to 
Rolls, s.v. 

to goe every nyghte , etc.]. Sec note on " a privy serche," ch. xliii. 

the faroden yettes}. See below, under Roger Wryght, ch. L. 

Dane William Watsonn], First prebendarv of the twelfth stall. Before 
the Dissolution he appears to have been both Vice-prior and Prior's 
chaplain (see pp. 94, 101). Possibly, however, there were two 
persons of the same name. 

m r & kepper of ' y /ereli/re]. Raine gives a dated list of shrine-keepers and 
of their consocii, beginning with Elf red Westoue, 1022. From 1378 
to 1513 the accounts are fairly complete ; see St. Cul/iberl, 113 — 168. 
Rolls have since been found extending the series from 1370 to 1538. 
— Rolls, 420 — 483. 

and <!eece Prior]. " Deice " and " deace " below. This officer is men- 
tioned next after the Sub-prior, and appears to have been what was 
commonly called the Third Prior. From his being called the " deece 
prior" in Durham wo may suppose that, being also Prior's Chaplain, 
as appears below, he usually took his dinner and supper at the high 
table on I lie dais in the Prior's Hall, and "sat as chief" when the 
Prior was absent, as the Sub-Prior did in the Loft. 



276 RITES OF DURHAM. 

his chamber was in the Dorter}. That is, as Master of the Feretory, but as 
Prior's chaplain his chamber was next to that of the Prior. 

ye holy sacrede shrine]. See ch. 11 ; Rolls, Index under Shrine. 

clarke of 'ye fereture\. See Rolls, Index under Shrine, clerk of. 

in i"' mattenes iy>ne\. " Te Deuni " was sung at the end of Mattins on 
Sundays and Festivals except in Advent and from Septuagesima to 
Easter. Lauds then followed immediately after, and with Mattins 
practically formed one service. 

hie wess lyme\. The Missa alta or Missa magna, sung with music and 
much more elaborate ritual than that of an ordinary mass, which 
was called missa privata or missa bassa. On Low Mass and High 
Mass from the eleventh to the sixteenth century, see Pearson, The 
Sar/tm Missal, Lond., 1884, lviij — lxix. 

evinsong tyme\. Evensong is the English name for the Office of Vespers. 

&f dyd offer any thing]. All who visited the shrine would make at least 
some small offering in money. This was dropped into a box secured 
by two locks, one key being kept by the Shrine-keeper and the other 
by his colleague. The sums received in 69 years from 1378-9 to 
1488-9 are stated in Raine, St. Ciithb. , 115, 116. The roll of 1513-14, 
the latest known to Dr. Raine, has never been completed, hence the 
" blank " on which he builds the inference that offerings had ceased. 
We find in 1525-6, 11/. 75. 2d. ; in 1536-7, 7/. 105. $d. ; and in 1537-8, 
4/. -js. s)4d. See Feretrars' Rolls, Rolls, 420 — 483. In earlier 
times the money offerings were laid on the tomb, so that a certain 
thief " feyned als he the toumbe walde kys " and " clekyd vp in 
mouthe hys Penys four or fvue. — Melr. Life, 6344-6, from Symeon, 
III, 13. 

gould, sylver, or Jewels]. For some of these, presented by Robert Rodes, 
of Newcastle, in 1446-7, and hung on the shrine, see Rolls, p. 440. 
For others, the Status, p. 450. In the Feretrars Roll of 1501-2 we 
find 2s. 8d. " pro xiv tenturhukis factis ex argento pro fixura 
annulorum super feretrum," p. 480. 

hoin/ge on ye shrine]. See the last note. The making of hooks for the 
shrine in 1398-1401 is mentioned in Rolls, 446, 448. 

vnicorne home, Eliphant Tooth, etc.]. Such natural curiosities, then more 
rarely seen in England than now, were highly prized, and exhibited 
together with the relics. " Unicorn's horn " was probably the tusk 
of the narwhal or sea-unicorn, Monodon Monoceros. In the relic-list 
of 1383 we find not only " quatuor particular de ebore longse et 
curvatse," but several " ova griffina," probably ostriches' eggs, or 
perhaps coco nuts. — Rolls, 427 — 434. Also " duo ungues griffonis," 
426. One of these appears to have been the horn of an ibex, four 
feet long, and to have found its way to the British Museum. See 
Rolls, Introduction, p. xx. The tusks of the walrus, Trichecus 
Rosmarns, would also find their way into these collections. 

many goodly Reliquies]. See the Liber de Rehquiis, 1383, printed in Rolls, 
425 — 440, and in Smith's Bede, 1722, Appendix, 740 — 745, but 
wrongly dated 1372. For two earlier lists than this, see Set: 7'res, 
p. ccccxxvi, and note. 



NOTES ON THE TEXT. -'77 

Regester of the house]. The Register!) oi the Prior and Convenl remain in 

the custody of the Treasurer of the Chapter, in very good order. 
S*nct Cuthbertes Banner], See above, ch. XV, p. 23, and notes, p. 214 ; 

Roils, Index under Cuthbert, St., banner of. 
ally* Pippes of it]. The stiver pipes ami cross are mentioned in the 

Feretrars' Inventories. Rolls, Index under Pipes, Cross. 
sleaven on], Sleaue on, Cos, ; sliven on, L, ; sliuen on, C. ; sliven on, 

Dav., II. ; sliden on, Sanderson. That is, slipped on. See Skeal, 

s.w. Sleeve, Slip. The shafts of the large maces of our municipal 

corporations are still made of similar pipes of metal slipped upon a 

wooden shaft. 
ye wynyng of Branches feilde], Brankes Hill, by Flodden Field. — Rolls, 

663. There is an interesting entry about the battle and the banner 

on that page. 
the kinge ofScotfes Banner]. See above, ch. 11, p. 6. 
at manye other places besydes]. See Rolls, Index under Cuthbert, St., 

banner of. 
~,i'tl> his surplice <>n\. See Rolls, 454, 462. 
a strong girdle]. This girdle (singulum — cingulum) is mentioned in Rolls, 

448. 
a sochet of home]. It is not easy to understand from the description how 

this socket was fixed ; sockets are now used in the same sort of way 

for heavy banners. There was a payment of lod. " in emendacione 

cuppe pro vexillo beati Cuthberti." — Rolls, 458. 

S'ule Beedes shrine]. See above, ch. XXII, p. 44. 

///c Revestrie], See note on the Vestrye, ch. XII, p. 211. 

vj novices]. See ch. xxxix, p. 82, and ch. xliii, p. 85. 

Cowles, froches, etc.]. A very interesting inventory of novices' clothes, etc., 
including " j pokett pro vestibus lavandis," is printed from Lambeth 
.MSS., Xo. 448, to. 106, in D. J. Stewart's work on Ely Cathedral, 
1868, p. 231 ; also in Ethelred Taunton's English Black Monks, 
1897, I, 71//., 72 ; for their outfits at Durham, see Rolls, 190, and at 
Canterbury, Customary, II. Bradshaw Soc, 1902, Vol. I, p. 400. 

goynge daly to there bookes]. And sometimes, no doubt, to lighter occupa- 
tions. .Mr. Micklethwaite directed attention in 1873 to some sets of 
" nine-holes " cut in the stone bench in the part of the cloister that 
was occupied by the novices at Westminster, and they have since 
been found on the benches of the Benedictine cloisters of Canterbury 
and Norwich, and of the secular cloister of Chichester, as well as in 
other places. See his illustrated paper on the indoor games of 
school boys in the Middle Ages. — Arch. Inst. Journal, XLIX, 
319 ; see also XXXIII, 20. At Durham the cloister benches have all 
disappeared, and with them, very likely, some sets of " nine-holes," 

ov perhaps marks for the game of fox and gees,.', which exist at 
Gloucester and Salisbury. 
he was sent to oxfbrde]. Namely, to Durham College, first founded by Prior 
Richard de Hot on about 1290, but provided with a separate endow- 
menl and a constitution by Bishop I [atfield ( 13 (.5 8a). I' was dissolved 



2jS RITES OF DURHAM. 

in 154I1 and granted to the new Dean and Chapter of Durham, but 
became a hall in the University for about sixteen years, in which 
time going to ruin it was repaired and endowed by Sir Thomas Pope 
as Trinity College, where some of the old buildings remain, with 
Durham heraldry in their windows. See further in Wood, Antiq. 0/ 
Oxford (Oxf. Hist. Soc), II, 263; Collectanea, third Ser. (lb.), 1 — 76, 
with facsimile of Loggan's view, showing the old buildings ; Rolls, 
passim, see Index, under Oxford. The Benedictine houses of 
Canterbury and Gloucester also had Colleges in Oxford belonging 
to them. 

they dyd syng there first messe]. Always regarded as a principal and 
epoch-making event in the life of any priest. In the Cistercian 
Statutes of 1256-7, Dist., II, 4, we find " Sacerdotes noviter ordinati 
primas missas non nisi privatim cantant." A novice never handled 
any money until he said his first mass, but on that occasion he 
received 6s. 8d. —Rolls, Index, under Masses, first. 

Maister Sagersten]. Mr. Sacristan, Sacrist, or Sexton, called Secretarlus 
in Lanfranc. 

The Sextcns checker]. Mentioned above, ch. XI, p. 18. It was built by 
Prior Wessington between 1416 and 1446, at a cost of £,60. — Scr. 
Tres, p. eclxxii. The pointed doorway that led into it from the north 
choir aisle is visible within the church, but has been effaced outside. 
The bench-table of the middle arch in the outer arcade on the east 
side of the north transept is cut away for the north wall of the 
checker, and on the north wall of the choir-aisle is an upright groove, 
as if there had been a wooden partition. The dimensions of the 
Sexton's checker were probably similar to those of the Vestry on the 
south side of the quire, p. 211. 

■mth in the church in ye north alley]. These words apply in strictness only 
to the doorway, not to the checker itself. 

but sc nee ill is pulled downe, etc.]. This later addition refers to the visit 
of Charles I in 1633, when he addressed a letter to the Chapter 
directing them to remove " cerlaine meane tenements " built against 
the walls of the Church or Quire, as soon as the leases were run out. 
— Cosin's Correspondence, etc., Surtees Soc, I, 212 — 217. Whether the 
royal mandate was meant to affect the Sacrist's checker does not 
appear, but it was pulled down in 1633 or 1634 according to the 
Gough MS., above, p. 164. 

V songe scoole made In ye Cloisters]. It occupied, until recently, two com- 
partments of the undercroft of the Great Dormitory, adjoining the 
south side of the Treasury. See above, p. 264. 

Mr Green]. Probably James Green, who appears in the Treasurer's books 
as Minor Canon and Sacrist, 1663-7. 

to provyde bread]. Lanfranc gives minute directions for the making of the 
altar-bread by the secretarius or sacristan. — Wilkins, I, 349. These 
are repeated, with additions, in the Consuetudinary of Abbot Ware, 
caii. vi. — Cotton MS. Otho, c. xi, fo. 34, and that of St. Augustine's, 
Canterbury, H. Bradshaw Soc, 1902, p. 1 19. Only the very finest 
wheal flour was used, and the utmost care was observed in order to 



NOTES ON THE TEXT. 279 

ensure purity and cleanliness. "Frater qui ferra in quibus coquuntur 
tenet manus chirotheci.s babeat involutas." And while the " hostise " 
are being made and baked, the brethren employed are to say the 
regular hours, with those- of the Blessed Virgin, the penitential 
psalms, and the Litany. The servants assisting are to recite psalms. 
On the fire-place in the south transept, see note on ch. xvi, p. 218, 
Proa Soc. Ant. Lond., Dec. 18, 1902, and Rolls, Index under Altar- 
breads, Hosts, Obleys, Obley-irons, Wheat. 

seggersten hewgh\ Called on the spot " Seggerston hyuff," and in the rolls 
Clivus Sacristee, le Hough, le Hogh, le How, etc., he ugh in the north 
being a level space at the top of a steep declivity, and to be dis- 
tinguished From haugh, a flat between rising- ground and a river, 
liable to be overflowed. See Rolls, Index under Sacristonheugh, for 
much information concerning the Sacrist's establishment there. 

St Margarettes waird], St. .Margarets Ward, L., C. ; St. Margarets wood, 
H. 45 ; St. Mary's Cubard, Cos. ; St. Mary's Cupboard (over an 
erasure), H. 44, and all the printed editions. Nothing has been 
found in the Sacrists' Rolls to throw any light on this matter. 

leathering]. Providing with new baudericks when the old ones were worn 
out. Ow the old method of hanging the clappers by bauderick and 
busk-board, retained and in use in Devonshire in many cases in 
1872, see H. T. Ellacombe, Church Bells of Devon , 17. The bauderick 
was a stout thong of whitleather, i.e. horse hide prepared without 
tan. See Rolls, Index under Bawdricks, Bell, Bells, etc., Whit- 
leather. 

y aumbrie . . . standing ze 11 ' in ye north quer dour\. It probably stood, 
like the great relic aumbry at Canterbury, opposite to the throne in 
the quire. 

Allso !"■' reent to y chapter house, etc.]. The reference is to the daily 
meeting of the whole Convent in the Chapter-house alter Prime in 
summer and after Terce in winter. Then took place ( 1 ) A reading 
from the Mart yrology of the day, with suitable versicle, collect, etc. ; 
(21 The reading of the local Necrology or list of names of the 
faithful departed benefactors, bishops, and other friends, with 
prayers for them ; (3) The distribution of work to eiich monk, with 
versicles, collect, etc. ; (4) The reading of a chapter in the Ride ot 
the Order, with an exposition or sermon upon the portion read ; 
(5) Self-accusation, the denouncing of notorious offenders, and 
penance. In minor details the usages varied in different orders, 
places, and limes. See Martene, A/on. Rit., lib. I, cap. v; Gran- 
colas, Brcv. Ron., lib. I, cap. xxxvi ; Liber Eves/iamensis, H. 
Bradshaw Soc, col. 10. 

alwaies at y* heighe alter]. This was the custom in many churches, but not 
in all. — Wordsw.y i\. 

his Memento]. The portion of the Canon of the Mass beginning 
" Memento, Domine, famulorum famularumque luarum," at which 
period in the service in ancient times the Dtptychs, or lists of saints 
and others 10 be prayed for, were recited ; hence the Memento was 
called Orotic super Diptycha. See references in W. Maskall, Ancient 
Liturgy, 1X41., p. 84**., and Bona, Rerum Liturg., lib. II, cap. xiv. 



280 RITES OF DURHAM. 

the one halfe . . . did say masse]. That is, each said his private mass 
while not assisting at the Chapter mass or High mass. 

i"- high mess tyme\. Probably about 10 a.m., the Chapter mass having 
been sung at nine. 

/Iter duble furnitures]. So in the case of the High Altar, ch. Ill, p. 9. 

L, pp. 99 — 102. 

Dane Robert Bennett]. After the Dissolution he became first prebendary of 
the nth stall, May 12th, 1541. His mother was a sister in the 
Hospital of St. Mary Magdalene, Durham, in 1532 and 1534. — 
Memorials of St. Giles's (Surtees Soc), 245, 246. His account-book 
from 1530 to 1534 is printed in Vol. 18 of the Surtees series, and there 
are Bursars' rolls of his predecessors and himself for many years 
from 1278 to 1541. — Rolls, 484 — 707. On the title " Dane " (dominus) 
see p. 93«., and N. E. D. 

The Bowcers checker]. There is a small blocked doorway just on the left as 
we enter the passage from the College to the Cloisters ; this seems 
to have been the entrance to the Bursar's Office. 

cole garth]. The coal-yard. The coal house is frequently mentioned in 
Rolls ; see Index, s.v. 

all other . . . mayde there accoumptes to him]. See above, on the Obedien- 
tiaries, p. 274. 

ye Cellerer of the house]. The Cellarer is one of the officers mentioned in 
the Rule of St. Benedict, and was always an important person in the 
management of a monastery, though in some places his duties were 
more extended than they seem to have been in Durham. It is to be 
noted that the word cellar (Lat. cellarium, set of cells) originally 
meant a storehouse or storeroom, whether above or below ground. 
The monastic cellarium was usually in more or less of the vaulting 
under the western range of the cloister. For Durham, see note on 
the Great Cellar, ch. XXXIX, p. 259. At Canterbury the " Cellarer's 
domain " was very extensive, and included not only the usual 
Cellarium, but Prior Chillenden's Guest-chambers, and the Cellarer's 
Hall or Guest-hall. While the "North Hall" was used for the 
lodging of the lowest class of pilgrims, that also would probably be 
included. See R. Willis, ch. vi, and ch. vii, 3. There is a good deal 
about the Cellarer in Lanfranc ; he is to be "pater tolius con- 
gregationis," to look after the sick as well as the whole, and, on the 
day when the sentence of the Rule which relates to him is read in 
Chapter, he, having been warned beforehand by the Precentor, is to 
make a feast for the brethren in the frater, preceded by an act of 
reparation for his own shortcomings, while all are in Chapter. 

The Cellerers checker]. William Todd, D. D., was the first prebendary of the 
fifth stall, and the Cellarer's checker, assigned to him as a prebendal 
residence, must have been over two apartments shown in Carter's 
plan as being on the west side of the kitchen, and each covered in by 
a waggon-vault running east and west. Some part of the Cellarer's 
stores may have been kept in these. These buildings were swept 
away in 1849, but the roof-mark of the chamber over them, and other 
indications, may still be discerned. 



NOTES ON THE TEXT. 28 1 

</ longe greece . . . ouer ye fawlden yeattes]. This greece or Bight of steps 
must have run east and west and have been carried over the folding 
gates by an archway ; it cannot have run north and south, as did 
the later stairs shown in Carter's plan. The gates would lead from 
the Curia (now the College) in the direction of the bowling-green, 
and were probably situated at the south-west corner of the 
Dormitory, whence a road led northward by the side of the same 
and under the bridge between it and the upper storey of the Rere- 
dorter, shown in Carter's plan. 

His office was, etc.]. All this is amply borne out by the extant Cellarers' 

Rolls, many of which, of dates between 1306 and 1535, have survived. 
Copious extracts from them are printed in Rolls, 1 — 112. 

Dane Roger Watson\. First Prebendary in the second stall, May nth, 

>54'- 
ye Terrerof ye house], " The Terrer " does not appear to be mentioned by 

this name in connexion with other English monasteries, but Dn 
Cange gives some quotations under Terrarius and Terrerius. lie 
was properly and originally an officer in charge of the lands, but in 
Durham the Bursar and the Keeper of the Garners received the 
rents and corn, while the Terrer and Hostillar together discharged 
the duties of Guest-master. The Tenet's Checker or office cannot 
now be identified. There are Terrers' Rolls between 1400 and 1512. 
— Rolls, 299 — 308. 

ye geste chambers]. We have a full account of the names and furniture of 
these chambers in an inventory dated June 8, 1454. The chambers 
named are, the king's chamber, the knights' chamber, Barry, the 
water chamber, the new chamber, and the clerks' chamber, besides 
the summer hall and the winter hall. See Rolls, Introduction, xxxii. 

two hogshedes of wyne]. These were probably kept in the cellarage now 
used as the kitchen of the house formerly assigned to the third stall. 
Among other expenses in the Ilostillar's Roll of 15J8 g we find 
mention of ten hogsheads of reel wine at 30s. and 35s., as well as 
" in vino Malwasel et claret empt. in villa diversis vicibus pro 
Justiciar' d'ni Regis, d'no Episcopo, et aliis extraneis et hospitibus," 
20s. In 1523 4, " in vino empto . . pro multitudine adveniencium 
tempore gwerrae." — Rolls, 102, 161. 

prove inter for tln-rc horses]. It is not known where the stables were, or 
where the hay was stored. The Hostillars' rolls regularly mention 
expenses of " falcacio et lucracio feni " at various places in the 
neighbourhood, as well as for oats, pease and beans for pnebenda or 
provender for horses. — Rolls, 113 — 164. 

ye kepper <>J lite Garneres], A necessary officer in every monastery, but 
not often mentioned. See Rolls, Introduction, I'm. 

.I/*- Pilkingtons haule doures], Leonard Pilkington, D.D., fourth pre- 
bendary of the seventh stall (1567 92), is said to have rebuilt the 
Granary, which had been made into a dwelling house by Rob. 

Dalton, B.D., the first prebendary (1341 00). Hut the original 

substructure remains. 



282 RITES OF DURHAM. 

.]/>■ Bunnies house], Francis Bunney, A.M., was the fifth prebendary of the 
eighth stall (1572-1617). 

His office was, etc. J. So at Worcester, the Granetarius received grain for 

flour and malt and kept account thereof. — Noake, Worcester, 258. 

There are Rotuli Gr ana torts at Durham of various dates between 
i-95 a nd ' 534- 
where nf Beiuiettes lodging was]. Robert Bennett, first prebendary of the 

eleventh stall (1541-58), having been previously monk and bursar; 

see above, p. 280. The precise site of the maltkiln is unknown. 

Dane Thomas Sparke]. First prebendary of the third stall (1541-7:). As 
he was consecrated bishop suffragan of Berwick in 1537, that he 
might exercise chorepiscopal authority through the whole diocese of 
Durham, he probably had a deputy to attend to the humbler 
functions of the Chamberlain of the Abbey. See above, p. 224. 
There was a regular allowance " pro duabus tunicis furrur' empt. 
pro camerario et ejus socio, 20s. ; eidem camerario pro botis, 
6s. 8d."--Rolls, 197 ; see Index under Tunics, furred. 

ye CIiambcrlayne\. The Chamberlain (camera riits) is not mentioned in the 
Rule o( St. Benedict, but has an important place in Lanfranc and in 
all accounts of monastic officers. He always looked after bedding 
and clothes, sometimes also after other matters ; thus at Worcester 
he managed the horse-shoeing, and lighted and put out the lamps in 
the dormitory. Lanfranc directs that he shall supply horse-shoes 
for the abbot, prior, and guests. The rolls mention " ferrura 
equorum et mariscalcia," provender, summer pasturage, harness, 
etc., of horses. — Rolls, 165 — 198. 

The chambcrlaynes checker]. This was over the tailor's work-room, some- 
where about the site now occupied by the first house ow the right 
after passing through the great gateway. There are many 
Chamberlains' Rolls between 1333 and 1532, in which, under 
" Empcio pannorum," occur the annual purchases of large quan- 
tities of different sorts of cloth, white and black thread, cost of 
sewing (perhaps put out), etc. — Rolls, 165 — 198. 

Mr Swifte\. Robert Swyft, LL.D., was third prebendary of the first stall, 
1562— c. 1599. 

slammyne, otherivaies called lyncye wonncye]. Slamine is from the old 
French estamine, late Lat. staminea from stamen, warp, thread, used 
of woollen cloth for monastic garments (Dti Cange, s. v. Staminea, etc.), 
or, as here, of linsey woolsey, cloth of linen and wool in combination, 
used for sheets and shirts. The term was also applied to a shirt 
made of this material. 

they dyd neuer weare any lynynge]. It was said that St. Etheldreda from 
the time that she came to Ely would never use linen, but only woollen 
garments. Bede, Eccl. Hist., lib. IV, cap. xvii (xix). This was "a 
recognised feature of the ascetic life." See Plummer's note in his 
edition of Bede, vol. II, p. 237, and references there given. At a visi- 
tation of Tavistock Abbey in 1373 the monks were strictly inhibited 
by Bishop Brantyngfham lest any should use " lintheaminibus vel 
camisiis lineis." — Reg. Brantyngham, Pt. I, ed. Hingeston- Randolph, 



NOTES ON THE TEXT. 283 

312, Linen would be more costly, and though) too luxurious, and 
would want washing oftener than linsey woolsey. The Rule 
prescribes that the monks clothes shall be such as can be found in 
the country where they live, o\- what can be bought ai a cheaper 
rate. In 1471 lYior Bell senl a circular letter to the various colls 
expressly prohibiting the use of linen shirts and woollen caligte 
closed, after the manner of lay-folk. Scr. Tres, p. ccclii. 
"in- of the servauntes\. From there being at lirst as few servants as possible, 
there came, as time wont on, to be a great many. At Evesham 
there were fifty-nine at the Dissolution, while at Durham there must 
have boon at least a hundred. See App. V, p. 144. A hundred or 
more was the usual number in the larger monasteries. At Wor- 
cester, the Chamberlain had a staff of tailors under him in their 
work-room to the west of the church, and at Durham he had a cissor 
under him. — Rolls, Index under Tailors. 

the common house]. See above, ch. XLV ; p. 270. 

77/1' Commoners checker]. Constructed by partitioning off some pari of the 
vaulted undercroft, probably by wooden screens. There are several 
rolls of the Commoner (communiarius) between 1416 and 1535, in 
which we find mention of the fuel, figs, raisins, etc. — Rolls, 285 — 29b!. 

spices against lent]. Spices and savoury herbs would enable the monks 
better to relish and digest their food on fast-days. We find that at 
Winchester the (caterer's Valerius provided, at the Collation on 
vigils, when they fasted, sage, mint, and parsley, in lieu of spices, 
from the Invention to the Exaltation of the Holy Cross, May 3rd — 
Sept. 14th, during: which time these herbs would be flourishing- in the 
garden. See Consuetudinary, ed. Kitchin, 18S6, pp. 24, 47 ; Rolls, 
Index under Spice, Garlic, Onions, etc. 
for the keaping of his 0\. It was usual for each of the principal officers in 
a monastery to " keep his O " by singing- one of the " great O's " or 
Advent anthems (see above, p. 270) and providing' a pittance or 
feast. There are several references to these in the Winchester Rolls 
edited by Dean Kitchin; we there find the O Prion's, Lurtarii el 
Berthonarii, Custodis, Coquinarii, and Hordarii. The same " O " 
was not always assigned to the same officer. The custom at Fleurv 
was for the Abbot to have O Sapientia, the Prior O Adonai, the 
Gardener O Radix Jesse, the Cellarer O Claris David, the Treasurer 
O Oriens, the Provost O Rex Gentium, the Librarian Emmanuel, 
the Master of the Works, who was also Sacrist, Virgo Virginum. 
Elsewhere the Treasurer usually had O Claris (Archeeologia, XLIX, 
231 |. The solemn and moderate little banquet may have been a 
sort ot set-off against any fasting' that was observed on these 
last days of Advent. The person of greatest dignity took O 
Sapientia ; " Excellentior persona quae in chore praesens fuerit 
incipiat Antiphonam . . . post ilium . . . gradatim per singular 
peis, .uas descendendo, usque ad Vigiliam Natalis Domini.' —Brev. 
Saritm, Cantab., cliv, civ. At Durham, however, the first "O ' 
tell to the lot of the Commoner, unless the author of Rites be 
confounding some other "O" therewith, which is not impossible, 
considering the time at which he wrote. See above, eh. Xl.V. 



2cS4 RITES OF DURHAM. 

fygges and walnutes]. Dried fruits, especially raisins, will to some extent 
compensate for the absence of flesh from a dietary. 

Dane Will'm Watson], Mentioned above, ch. xlix, p. 94, as Vice Prior. 
The two distinct offices of Vice Prior and Prior's Chaplain appear to 
have been held by the same person at the time referred to. 

over the staires\ The Dean's (formerly Prior's) hall is still reached by a 
flight of stone stairs. 

at the Bowcers handes]. It may be noted that the Bursar's checker was 
situated close by that of the Chaplain. See above, p. 280. 

named after litis sorte]. It would seem that novices as well as monks were 
named " Dane " ; so Bachelors in our Universities are styled " Ds.'' 
for Domnus. 

LI, pp. 102 — 103. 

before mentioned]. Ch. 11, p. 3. 

ye visilac'on]. The Visitation at Durham is not mentioned in the Letters 
on the Suppression of the Monasteries published by the Camden 
Society, the subjects of which do not extend further north than 
Yorkshire. Dr. Legh, Ley, or Lee was one of the most active of 
the Commissioners employed. He was described as "a doctor of 
low quality," and his proceedings seem to justify the description. 
See Dictionary of National Biography. He was at Selby on the 8th 
of December, 1537, as was Walter Hendle or Henley. Blythman 
was al York 15th December, 1537. — Letters on Suppr. Mon. (Cam- 
den Soc), 166, 168. They were probably at Durham during the 
same year, for 1537 is printed in the margin of Harpsfield's Hist. 
Eccl. Angl. (1622), p. 105. The shrine at Bridlington was ordered 
to be taken down in that year, but the general order was given 
in the middle of 1538. The sheriffs, magistrates, and other 
laymen then received commissions to take down shrines and other 
monuments that were regarded as superstitious and afforded plunder. 
Wilkins prints the commission for taking down St. Richard's shrine 
at Chichester. — Cone., Ill, 840. There are good accounts of the 
whole business in R. W. Dixon's History of the Church of England, 
II, 69—74, an( J m F- A. Gasquet's Henry VIII and the English 
Monasteries, 1889, II, 402 — 413. 

woorthie & goodly Jewells]. See the lists in Rolls, under SUUus Officii 
Feretrarii. 

one pretious stone]. The Emerald, valued, with five rings and silver chains, 
at Z."3.33 6 '3 s - 4 d - in i4° T - — Rolls, 454. 

y clt isle . . . bound wth Irone]. This iron-bound chest is not mentioned by 
Raine as having been found in 1827. It had probably been discarded 
when a new chest was made in 1541-2. 

yc gouldc smyth]. Probably one whom the Commissioners took about 
with them to assist them in dealing with the plunder. 

a great fore ham nier\. " The large hammer which strikes first; a sledge- 
hammer." — N. E. D., where see quotations 1543 — 1894. 

vncorrupt). Doubtless in what is called a "mummified'' condition, as bodies 
have oft t'ii been found, e.g. those of our kings Edward the Con- 
fessor, Edward I, and Charles I, of Thomas Gray Marquis of 



NOTES ON THE TEXT. 2S5 

Dorset, and of Bishops Lyndwode the canonist, Braybroke of 
London, and Thirlby of Ely. Several bodies of Capuchin friars in 
the same dried-up state are now exhibited at their monastery in 
Rome, and others 1 i U i- them elsewhere. 

11 /ar/Ji ni't/x grow/he]. Or probably more. Ii is not likely thai St. Cuthbert 
would pay any attention to his beard during; his last sickness. 

his vestmenfes]. Found in 1827 and still preserved. See Raine, St. Cuth- 
bert, 104 ff. and Plates. 

his met wand of gould]. The term metewand is usually applied to a 
measuring rod, bul here it must mean a crosier, which, it of gold or 
silver-gilt, would be carried ofFby the Commissioners of 15^7, and so 
would not be found in 1827. 

when he did breake vpe y* chiste]. He must have broken up three chests, 
viz. the iron-bound chest above mentioned, the '' chest covered with 
hides "that was opened in 1104, and the innermost chest, covered 
with carvings, opened at the same time. The two latter were found 
in 1827, but the outermost chest then found would be one made for 
the burial in 1 541—2, and described as "a new coffin of wood " in a 
tract written about 1559. — Raine, St. Cuthbert, 76, 175; Brief Account , 
5S; Rolls, quoted in note below. The greater part of the chest covered 
with carvings is now to be seen in the Cathedral Library, and is 
described in the Catalogue of Sculptured Stones, etc., Durham, iSqx), 
pp. 134 — 156, and Plates 9 — 13. The broken pieces were taken out 
of the grave in 1S27, and fitted together, as far as possible, in 1S9S. 
The cover, sides, and ends exhibit rude but spirited outline carvings. 
On the cover, Christ with the symbols of St. Matthew and St. Mark 
over the head and of St. Luke and St. John under the feet. On 
one end, the Blessed Virgin with the Infant Jesus, on the other 
St. Gabriel and St. Michael. On one side, the twelve Apostles 
with St. Paul, and probably St. Barnabas, in two rows ; on the 
other, one row of six Archangels. The figures have their names 
lightly cut on the wood, some in Roman and others in Runic 
characters such as were used in England in Eata's time. 

alas I hauc broke one of his leigges}. He may only have caused a knee-joint 
partly to come asunder, which would consist with the bones being 
found "perfectly whole" in 1S27 (Raine, St. Cuthbert, 213) and again 
in 1 899 [Arcfupohgia, IA'II, 19 ff.). 

y* synewes & ye shine heild it]. As they easily might do in the case of a 
dried-up body. And when the bones were examined in 1 <Sc><. > some of 
them showed " much ligamentous matter still adherent," others 
showed remains of periosteum, and there were further indications 
that the body had not decayed in a grave in the usual way (.Irc/iceo- 
logiti, L\'I I, 20). 

close and saiflie keapt\. An iron-bound chest now at the Castle, mentioned 
above, p. 264, is shown as that in which St. Cuthbert's body 
was kept, but the tradition may be quite modern and destitute 
of foundation. It has been argued with great ingenuity by 
the Rev. W. Brown that, during its sojourn in the Revestrv, 
St. Cuthbert's body was bidden away somewhere in the church, 
and a " sham St. Cuthbert " made up by swathing a skeleton 



286 KITES OF DURHAM. 

and placing on it episcopal robes which may have been taken 
from the stores of the feretory if not from the very body of the 
Saint ; that bv such a pious fraud the real body was secured from 
profanation, while the counterfeit was buried in St. Cuthbert's 
coffins in 1541-2, and that the Roman Catholic traditions of the 
hidden body rest on a sound foundation. — {Where is St. Cuthbert- 
buried? Durham, 1897). But the examination in 1899 made the 
identification of the body, to say the least, highly probable, and this 
probability was much strengthened by the discovery with it of parts 
of a skull which was all but certainly St. Oswald's. — Archceologia , 
LVII, 24. Mr. W. H. St. John Hope calls attention to another 
important point, namely that the cross found on the body in 1827, 
" deeply buried among the remains of the robes which were nearest 
to the breast of the Saint " (Raine, St. Cuthbert, 211), must have been 
there, but overlooked, both in 1104 and in 1537, for Reginald does 
not mention it, and it would hardly have been put on the body at the 
later date. Therefore the body seen in 1 104 was, in all probability, 
that which was seen in 1537, 1827, and 1899. There is an almost 
contemporary notice of the opening of the shrine in the tract, 
c. 1559, printed 1799, on the Origin and Succession of the Bishops 
of Durham, p. 27, in George Allan's collection of local tracts. 

the prior and the inounckes buried him\. The original bill of expenses 
connected with this burial (1541-2) is now hanging in the Library, 
framed and glazed. For a printed copy and translation, see Raine, 
St. Cuthbert, 179, 180 ; it is printed also in Rolls, 742, 743. Nails and 
iron bands are mentioned, and were probably for the new coffin, the 
wood for which would come from the capitular store, and so not be 
specified. There are entries relating to the marble stone, and the 
sewing of a sheet, indicating that the interment was carefully and 
decently conducted. Ow January 1st, 1542, George Skeles was paid 
i5d. for 2^ days "circa facturam putei S. Cuthberti." — Rolls, 742. 
Harpsfield says that Bishop Tunstall gave the directions for the 
grave. — Hist. Eccl. Angl. (1622), p. 105. The marble base-course of 
the shrine was used in the sides of the new grave. — Archceologia , 
LVII, 14, 16. 

where his shrine was exalted}. The marble substructures of the shrines of 
St. Cuthbert and St. Bede were removed in 1542 ; " solut. Johanni 
Symson pro ablacione tumbaj S. Cuthberti et tumbe S. Bedas pro 
quatuor diebus \]s. per me Robertum Dalton. — Raine, St. Cuthbert, 
1 7877. ; Rolls, 742. 

LII, pp. 103 — 104. 

defaced by ye said visitors). " Paid to Rayffe Skelus and iij fellows for 
takyng away Sanct Bedes Tumbe, 15^."— Raine, St. Cuthbert, ij8n. ; 
Rolls, 742. 

his bones being interred]. The plain tomb in the Galilee was probably 
made at this time. The ground under it was examined in 1831, and 
at a depth of about three feet below the floor were found a good 
many human bones arranged in their respective places in a coffin of 
full size, but by no means the whole number belonging to a perfect 
skeleton. This was not to be expected, for many of Bede's bones, 



NOTES ON THE TEXT. 287 

real or reputed, had been acquired for other churches, and, indeed, 
some may have been left al Jarrow when the rest were brought to 
Durham by Elfred Westou, c. \.n. 1022. For an accounl of the 
examination of the grave, see Raine, Br. Ace., 70 82. 
the said stones]. These stones are now in the floor between two of the 
piers near the door to the \.\V. corner of the cloisters. The one, 
with three holes in each corner, measures 4 ft. (>'., inches by 2 ft. 
in in. ; the other, without holes, 4 ft. 4 % in. by 2 ft. 8 in. The rovn- 
of St. Cuthbert's shrine ran up and down on roils or staves in the 
same way. Ch. 11. 

LIII, p. 104. 

S«cte Marks Day], Gregory the Groat appointed that the "Greater 
Litany" should be sung in procession on St. Mark's day on the 
occasion of a pestilence in Rome, and this observance continues in 
the Church of Rome to this day. The Greater Litany is to be found 
in the Roman Breviary next after the Penitential Psalms, and it is 
used .also on the Rogation days. See also Brev. Sarum (Cambridge), 
Faseie. II, col. 250, and Brev. Ebor. (Surtees), vol. I, col. 931. 

commonly fasted]. The penitential character given to the dav superseded 
its observance as a festival. Rut if St. Mark's day fell on a Sunday 
or in Easter week there was, in some places at least, neither fast nor 
procession that year. G. J. Aungier, Hist. Syon, 1840, p. 353. For 
an English rule see Sarum Missal (Burntisland), col. 739. 

ye Bowe church]. That of St. Mary in the North Bailey. 

LIV, p. 104. 

y iij Cross dates]. The Rogation days, or three days next before the Ascen- 
sion Day. The term Cross-days appears to have been connected 
with the processional crosses and banners bearing crosses that were 
carried in " beating the bounds," perhaps also with the boundary 
crosses that were visited in these perambulations. See Ellis's 
Brand's Pop. Antiq., I, 201 ; Popish Kingdome, Englyshed by 
Rarnabe Googe, R. C. Hope's reprint, 1S80, p. 53, The Litanies 
sung on these days were the same as on St. Mark's day. 

LV, pp. 105 — 107. 

S»cte Cuthb : Barter], In 1536-7 we find a payment of 5s. " pro emendacione 

vexilli Scl Cuthberti per communes Dunelm. fracti." — Roils, 483. 

his crutch . . . with a rich niyter\. The Priors of Durham had used the 
crosier and mitre from the time of Prior Berringlon. See above, ch. 

XXV. 

Sacte Beetles shrine], Ch. mi. 

the picture of Sacte Oswald]. u YmagO S. Oswaldi argentea et doaurata 
cum cosla ejusdem inclusa in pectore ymaginis " ' 1383). -Rolls, \ 26. 

S"c/e Margarettes Crosse], Probably the smaller of the two Black Roods of 
Scotland. See above, pp. i.s u). " Una crux que vocatur Sancte 
IVfargarete regine Scocie." Rolls, 426. 



288 RITES OF DURHAM. 

Lyegaite\. Formerly Lykogate, Rolls, Index under Durham, streets, and 

p. 9335 Likyate in Scr. Tres, 117 (1333); Lyegate layne, H. 45; 

Lidgate, Cos. and H. 44; Ly-gate, Dav. ; Lidgate, H. editions; 

" now Bow Lane," MS. addition. Now called Dun Cow Lane. 
south baley\. "South" in all the MSS. and editions. But read "North," 

o\\ " to the South Bailey." 
ye abbey gurfh]. The Curia or great court, now the College. 
Image of S«cte Aidan\. Perhaps the head only; "Caput Sci. Aydani 

ornatum in cupro deaurato et lapidibus preciosis " (1383). — Rolls, 433. 

But an image of the whole fig-ure may have been acquired later. 
the goodly richc Jewelles and Reliques]. Some status or lists of various 

dates, printed with the Feretrars' Rolls, full}' bear out what is here 

stated. 
kyng Richard]. Richard III made oblations at the high altar on St. 

Brendan's day, 1483. — Rolls, 414. 
the historic of the church]. The History of the Church at large. — Davies. 

Apparently some unpublished work now lost. 

LVI, p. 107— 10S. 

The place grene]. Now called the Palace Green. 

the towle boivth]. Bishop Tunstall built a Toll booth " of eslier vvorke " 

(ashlar) in the Market Place, and the suffragan bishop Sparke set 

up a cross, also in the Market Place, where the old Toll booth had 

stood, namely, near the middle of the "square." — Scr. Tres, 155, 

156 ; Raine, Auckland, 64??. ; Hutchinson, Durham, II, 295. 
Wyndshole yett]. There was probably a gate at the top of the lane or path 

that leads down from the S.W. corner of the Green to the Banks, 

now called " Windy Gap." 
sytting on there kneys]. Kneeling, as above, p. 52. 
The prior did sence yt]. He censed it, of course. The absurd reading 

" fetch " is in all the editions as well as in Cosin's MS., but L. and C. 

have " sence." 
ye Banners of ye occupac'ons]. Those of the various trade guilds. 
ye Revestrie]. That of St. Nicholas' church. 
Doctcr Harvye and Docter Whitby]. See p. 251. For documents relating 

to this visitation in the first year of Edward VI, see Wilkins, vol. iv, 

pp. 3—26. 
he dyd tread vpon it]. And so did Doctor Home, the dean of Durham, 

according to Ch. xxxm, p. 69. 



NOTES ON TIIK APPKNOIX. 



Appendix I, pp. iog — 122. 

A discription, etc.]. This description is attributed by Hunter, p. 120 of his 
editions, to " Prior Wassington," but upon no authority. Indeed 
some of the persons represented flourished long after Prior 
Wessington's death, and the account seems to have been drawn up 
as a supplement to Rites, for it makes no mention of any of the 
windows therein described. There is a similar description of the 
windows at Fairford, " from an old MS.," in Hearne's Coll. O. H. S., 
V, 244—247. 
3 faire lights]. All existing representations known to us show a two-light 
window in this place, e.g. the plates in Carter and in Billings, and 
some earlier views. But the description here is so particular that 
there must have been a three-light window at the time when it was 
written, unless there be some confusion with another window. All 
the aisle windows were Norman, with inserted Perpendicular tracer}'. 

a nioiike in a bleu 1 hubitte\. The black habit of the Benedictines was 
usually represented as blue in painted glass, for the sake of pictorial 
effect and harmony of colour. The St. Cuthbert window at York, 
for example, is full of " blue monks." Sometimes purple was used, as 
in the old glass at the Bodleian Library, representing the penance of 
Henry III. 

kneeling vpon his knees], "Sitting upon his knees" is the expression 
commonly used in Riles ; see pp. 34, 52, 107. 

lurretl wyndowes]. The upper lights in Perpendicular or Decorated tracer}-, 
such as had been inserted in the Norman windows. 

round about coloured glasse]. Apparently a coloured border. 

saint Katherine], See above, p. 195*. 

amies of St Cuthbert, etc.]. See below, p. 290. 

Bushnp Skirlawes amies]. See above, p. 209. 

his urines in a scutcheon]. See above, pp. 44, 230. 

Si Xpofer], The legend of St. Christopher ; see Legenda Aurca, xcv ; 
(no lessons in the ordinary English or Roman Breviaries) was one of 
the most popular of all in the .Middle Ages, and representations of 
him abounded. Gigantic images of the Saint crossing the stream 
with the Infant Christ on his shoulders, and grasping the Staff, 
were often placed in conspicuous situations, with the inscription, 
" Christophori sancti faciem quicumque tuetur, Ilia nempe die non 
morte mala morietur." There is a very tine example in glass at All 
Saints', North Street, York, having these words on a scroll over 
his head, " Cristofori d'ns sedeo qui crimina tollo." 

10 knotts]. Devices in pattern glass. The same term was applied to 
ornamental flower-beds. Alicia Amherst, Gardening in England, 
1895, pp. 83, 122, 209. 

'9 



2C)0 RITES OF DURHAM. 

the picture of trod, etc.]. Doubtless the usual representation of the Holy 
Trinity, commonly including the Dove, not here mentioned. 

amies of the nevills]. This being one of the windows of the Neville Chapel. 
Canon Greenwell quite well remembers these windows, and the 
Nevilles' arms in them (gules a saltire silver). 

i"' hind at //is feelc]. Referring- to the beautiful legend of the hunted hind 
protected by the saint (Legenda Aurca, exxv ; Brcv. Rom. et Ebor. 
September i). 

St Katficrine\. See above, p. 195*. 

ye order of St Bennett]. See Appendix III, p. 124. 

the priors within]. " ffryars " in H. 44, Hunter, etc., an obvious mistake, 
for there were no Friars of the Benedictine Order. 

howghells altar]. Endowed with land at Houghal, near Durham, as the 
adjoining altar was with land at Bolton in the parish of Edlingham, 
Northumberland. — Greenwell, 55«. 

St Xpofer]. See above, p. 289. 

ye picture of St Leon de\. There is a figure of St. Leonard in painted glass, 
probably from the Cathedral, possibly this very one, now inserted in 
the staircase window of the house belonging to the second stall, 
now occupied by Canon Tristram. A coloured engraving of it was 
published by" William Fowler, of Winterton, in 1806. 

ye old seat]. The long form mentioned p. 34. 

a casement]. An opening portion ; Hunter has " casemond " here, and 
" casemund " occurs in 1556 (N. E. D. ). 

a monkc traiteyling, etc.]. For the story here represented, see Bede's Life 
of St. Cuthbert, ch. x, or the English Metrical Life, p. 49. The same 
story has often formed the subject of pictorial representations. See 
Yks. Arch. JrnL, IV, 305, XI, 493. 

armour in blew colours]. Here the blue glass would indicate polished steel. 

^ seu'all amies in scutcheons]. The arms attributed were, for St. Cuthbert, 
As. a cross patonce Or between four lions rampant Arg. ; for St. 
Oswald, Gu. a plain cross between four lions rampant Or ; for Our 
Lady, Az. a heart Gu. winged Or transfixed by a sword in pale 
proper ; for St. George, Arg. a plain cross Gu. See Longstaffe in 
the Herald and Genealogist of 1872. Dugdale in 1666, in his Church 
Notes in the Heralds' College, describing the Durham glass " in 
australi fenestra alae australis," gives the two latter only, the two 
former having probably been removed. At the present time the 
above arms, with the exception of St. George's, are in a window at 
the Deanery, and have probably been taken from the Cathedral. 

part of the Crede], The legend assigning an article of the Creed to each 
Apostle is of course mediaeval, not primitive. Two sermons among 
the I'seudo-Augustinian works (CCXL, CCXLI, alias De Symbolo, IV, V, 
Migne, Patrol. Lat., vol. 39, pp. 2189, 2190) assign to each Apostle an 
article, but only five articles are given to the same authors in the 
two discourses. The legend, with a list of apostles and articles, is 



NOTKS ON THE APPENDIX. 291 

given in the Rationale of Durandus, lib. IV, cap. 25. No one order 
seems to be strictly followed in mediaeval art ; most of the Apostles 
have the same articles, l>m some are subject to variation. There is 
a 1 ■ — 1 in The Myrroure ofOure Lady, E. E. T. S., 1N73, p. 312. 

St Leonard]. See note, p. 290. 

Thomas Aforesbie]. Thomas Moreby was Cellarer in 14K) {Rolls, 56), and 
in 1459 there were two patella called Moreby, probably his trills m- 
acquisitions {//>., Sg). 

U'»< Dntx\. Prior of Coldingham, 1417 1441. The mention of the crosier 
in the hand of a Prior of Coldingham, which was only a cell of 
Durham, is remarkable. 

prioresse], St. Ebbawas Prioress in (lie double monastery of Coldingham. 

S< W"* Bushop\ St. William, archbishop of York. 

Thomas Rome}. Sacrist 1 405-25. Frequently mentioned in the Rolls ; see 
Index thereto under his name. 

The 9 Altars]. For notices of the North and South windows, -.00 above, 
P- 3- 

a cross? diuision]. The Lancet windows in the Nine Altars were all 
provided with Perpendicular tracery, and, being lofty, required 
transoms. This tracery has been renewed at the South cm\. 

Cloyster windowes\ Described above, ch. xxxvi. p. 76. 

Hawing his home]. St. Oswald's ivory horn was among the relics pre- 
served at Durham. — Rolls, 431. 

•with a scepter]. St. Oswald's ivory sceptre was also among the relics. — 
Rolls, 426. 

11 /aire crowne of gold . . . a bush of ostrich feathers]. The palatinate 
coronet and plumes used by Bishop Hatfield and his successors. 
See Longstaffe on the Old Official Heraldry of Durham in the Herald 
mid Genealogist, 1872, and the Plates of Seals in Surtees' History of 
Durham. 

Si Katherina], See above, p. 2, and the notes thereon, p. 195. 

.V Margaret], See Legenda Aurea, No. Ixxxviii ; Brcv. Sarum et Ebor. 
20 July. 

drawen ;■/> by wyndowes]. That is, by a win. las oi- windlass ; (putly, II. 45; 
windowes, C. ). 

Mary Magdelene . . . nidged to die]. The Rev. Father Poncelet, S.J., 
the Bollandist, who has kindly examined all the printed texts 
relating to St. Mary Magdalene, has not found anything like this 
incident, and he thinks it probable that we here have some confusion 
with another saint, though the particulars given are not precise 
enough to enable us to say what saint. 

saint Edmond]. The archbishop, not the kin.y, as appears below. For the 

legend here referred to, see Nova Legenda Angiiee, Oxford edition, 

in which, as in the edition of 1516, the sainls are entered in 
alphabetical order, vol. I, p. 317. 
fadowmed]. Fathomed, i.e. encircled by extended arms. See Fathom, v, 

in N. E. D. 



292 RITES OF DURHAM. 

his beheading]. The picture no doubt represented the beheading- of St. 
Paul. 

altar of S^ Aydaine]. Add, "and St. Helen." 

carried to Heaven by hvo Angells]. See Yorks. Arch.Jrnl., IV, 287 ; Bede, 
Vit. S. Cuthb., IV ; Engl. Mctr. Life, 36, 37 ; Appendix No. IV, 
p. 142. 

Si Elinor], A mere mistake, of course, for " St. Helena." 

in her amies]. This must be a clerical error, corrected in H. 44. The 
picture was probably a representation of the Holy Trinity. 

8 seuerall orders]. Nine orders are reckoned, the seven here named, 
together with Thrones, and Virtues, which, with the six pictures 
mentioned in the text, would make up the "eight several pictures." 
Nine pictures could not have been got in, so one was made to 
represent Cherubim and Seraphim. The two omitted Orders may 
either have disappeared from the window, or may have been 
accidentally omitted in the description. 

Appendix II, pp. 122 — 123. 

A?ino Domini 144S]. The Sacrist's roll for this year is not extant, and the 
Feretrar's Roll contains nothing relating to the royal visit. Over the 
heading of the Hostillar's roll is written " Adventus Regis,'' and a 
white horse was bought " de uno cursore d'ni Regis." The Bursar's 
roll of the previous year has entries relating to correspondence with 
the king, but the roll for 1448 is lost. 

F. C. yj° kal : octobris]. In 1448 the Dominical or Sunday Letter was F, 
therefore C was the letter of Thursday, Sept. 26, or vj kal. Oct. 
See Aug. De Morgan's Book of Almanacks, pp. vii, 5, 21. 

Appendix III, pp. 124 — 136. 

Inscriptions beneath the Figures], This article is given as in the edition of 
1842, but with some corrections, and references to the MS. In that 
edition the paragraphs relating to local saints are given entire, the 
rest being represented by the headings only, or by short abstracts. 
The present editor copied the whole of them with the intention of 
printing them in this edition, but as they would occupy about forty 
pages, that plan has been abandoned. And as it is probable that the 
inscriptions on the screenwork were simply what appear here as 
headings, and that the explanatory paragraphs never appeared in 
the church at all, there seems the less reason for introducing them 
here. Those relating to the local saints, however, may as well 
remain as specimens showing what the others are. They are all 
copied in full, but incorrectly, in MS. Cosin B. II, 2. It does not 
seem necessary to annotate them fully, as they hardby seem to come 
within the scope of the present work. 

per Bartaam conversus], Barlaam is said to have been a monk in India in 
the earliest period of monasticism, and to have converted Josaphat, 
an Indian prince. — Dictionary of Christian Biography, Barlaam and 
Josaphat are commemorated in the Roman martyrology, Nov. 27. 
John Damascene is the primary authority concerning them, 



NOTES ON THE APPENDIX. 293 

Ex Libro de fundacione, etc*]. The reference is to Symeon, Eccl. Dunelm., 
lib. II, cap. i. 

commisso gravi prcelio]. The famous "Battle of the Standard," fought in 
u 3 8. 

monachico kabitu est indutus]. This took place in the Cluniac monastery 
ai Pontefract, in 1140. — Fasti Ebor., 208. 

Ex Policronica\ The Polychronicon of Ralph Higden, compiled in the 
fourteenth century. 

munusque amoris deposit//]. Ethelwold's present may possibly have been 
i In- stole and maniple still in existence. See Raine, St. Cuthbert, 
20811., and 53. But the gift may have been that of a relic. 

Ex Historia Aurea], The Historia Aurea is extant in three sets of MSS., 
namely MSS. Lambeth 10—12; MSS. C.C.C.C. 5, 6; and MS. 
Bodl. 240. It was compiled by John of Tynemouth in the fourteenth 
century; he also wrote, in its original form, the Nova Legenda 
Angli<r commonly attributed to John Capgrave. See the Introduc- 
tion to the edition of the last-named work issued by the Clarendon 
Press in 1901, pp. Iv — Iviii, and ix — xi. That the fine copy of the 
Historia Aurea now at Lambeth is presumably the one that belonged 
to Durham Abbey is shown by the beginnings of the second leaves, 
which are recorded in Catalogi Veteres, p. 56. 

Tymensis episcopus}. Of Thmuis in Egypt ? Two persons of the same 
name seem to be confounded here. See Dictionary 0/ Christian 
Biography, under Serapion, 9, 10. 

Ruspensis ecdesice episcopus], " The little town of Ruspe (or Ruspae), a 
small sea-port on a projecting spur of the coast, not far from the 
Syrtis Parva— lat. 35 1', long. E. ii° 1'." — Dictionary 0/ Christian 
Biography. 

Et ex vita efusdem]. The reference may be to a Life of St. Lata that has 
been printed, from a York M.S., in Miscellanea Biogruphica (Surlees 
Soc), 121, also in Raine's Hexham, I, 211. It is merely a compila- 
tion from Bede. 

Et ex Libro, etc.]. Symeon ; see above. 

ingressum mulierum . . . interdixit]. See note on ch. XXII, p. 228. 

ex vita efusdem]. The Life of Benedict Biscop in Bede's Historia Abbatum, 
in his Opera Historica, ed. Plummer, I, 364 — 377. 

Appendix IV, pp. 137 — 143. 

Scriptura sub Jmaginibus Regum], In the case of these inscriptions under 
figures of kings and bishops, as in that of inscriptions under figures 
of saints referred to in the note on p. 292, it seems hardly likely that 
the explanatory paragraphs appeared on Ihe screens in the church. 

This list is quite different from those on pp. JO — 22 ; see note, p. 213, 
legem Cuthberli], " Lex Cuthberti " was a term applied to any particular 
law by which the men of the Bishopric were governed. For another 
of these laws, see p. 138, paragraph 2, and there is one in Scr. Tres, 
Appendix, No. ccexxxii. Symeon speaks of Athelstane's con- 
firming " leges quoque et consuetudines ipsius Sancti quas Avus 
ejus Rex Elfredus et Guthredus Rex instituerant," and of his 



294 RITES OF DURHAM. 

brother Edmund's confirming them again. — Reel. Dunelm., II, xviii. 
" Sac, et Socne, Tol, et Team, Infangenthef," and " Wrecch," are 
mentioned in the false charter of William I printed in the Feodarium, 

p. lxviii. The other terms as here stated to have occurred in the 
inscription are corrupt forms handed down to the time when the 
inscription was made, and wrongly copied, perhaps again and again, 
by persons to whom they were unfamiliar. Our sole authority for 
ihem is the MS. of 1660. The Rev. Charles Plummer suggests a 
possible reading something like this, " Mid fullum freodome, mid 
wrece, mid wite & were" (fines and wergilds, or, perhaps, "mid 
wrece & wite mid litware & inware," though he knows no authority 
for this last word), "mid Sac et Socn." In any case, he says, the 
original cannot be as early as the time of Edmund, and must be a 
forgery. 

Appendix V, pp. 144 — 147. 

Libera /lira special is, 1510]. Not collated, as the Bursar's book from which 
it was taken has not been found. One great point of interest about 
this appendix is that it gives us a complete list of all the servants of 
the monastery. For other references to Liveries, see Rolls, Index 
under the word. Most of the descriptions explain themselves ; a 
few may require explanation. 

vtilcc/i}. Upper servants. 

popinario\. Popinarius is properly a cook or victualler. In the Bursar's 
Roll of 1510-11 we find " Et in uno magno vase vulgo a mele pro 
Pompenar' d'ni, 6d."— Rolls, p. 661. In thai of 1511-12 Popinario 
seems to correspond to valecto pron/ptnarii in that of 1536-7, lb., 703//. 
The popinarius had a grow us popina? under him ; see p. 146. 

calor']. A Cater ; now called a Caterer or provider. See Rolls, 902. 

parvce domus Bursarii], This was a sort of store-room. See Rolls, Index. 

cowper]. A couper ; one who buys and sells, barters or deals, as does a 
" horse-couper." 

barngreiff\. The "grave " or steward of one of the Abbey barns. 

growi\. " Grooms " or inferior servants. 

fyshake\. Not explained, unless it should b&fyshare, fisher. 

sethar\. Seether or boiler. See Rolls, under Seether, the. 

box'ler]. A bolter ; one who sifts meal. 

bagman]. See Rolls, 551, 703 ; the Baghorse is frequently mentioned, see 
Index to Rolls. Bagsaddle and Bagsaddletrees also occur. The 
bagman doubtless went about with the baghorse, but what the bags 
contained does not appear. 

palesser]. The palicerus, or park-keeper, or rather, perhaps, the paling- 
keeper. Sir Tho. Gaigrave, writing of the Old Park at Wakefield 
in 1574, mentions "fees to the keeper and palester." — J. J. Cart- 
wright, Chapters in Hist, of Yks., 1872, p. 74. Hence the surname 
Pallister, or Palliser. 

singyll clothe]. See below, "2 singill pece contin. iS uln. dowbill." The 
meaning is not clear. Perhaps the " single " was of a certain 
breadth and the "double " twice the breadth. A piece of " pannus 
striclus " contained 1 1 '4 ells of " singill." 



NOTES ON THE APPENDIX. 295 

lailuini i\. Ol the lafomus or stone-cutter. 

panni frenerosorum]. The Rolls contain many particulars of these and ol 
cloths for the liveries of other officers and servants. See the Index 
under Pannus, Panni, Cloth, Clothes, and the Introduction) pp. iii, v. 

. . . preste\. Probably the priest who said mass at Magdalens and 
Kimblesworth, and was also schoolmaster, p. 91. 

sad\. Cloth of sober hue. 

Appendix VI, pp. 148 — 158. 

Indulgent i<c\. Dr. Raine's abstract is here printed as in the edition of 
WS42 without a verbatim collation. But a few corrections have been 
made from the original MSS. and seals. The explanation of 
Indulgences now current is, that an Indulgence is " a remission ol 
the punishment which is still due to sin after sacramental absolution, 
this remission being valid in the court of conscience and before God, 
and being made by an application of the treasure o( the Church on 
the part of a lawful superior." — Amort, quoted in Addis and Arnold's 
Catholic Dictionary, 1884, and in the N. E. D. 

Galwathice], Ox Candida Casa, Whithern, or Galloway. — K. Keith, 
Historical Catalogue of the Scottish Bishops, 1824, p. 271. 

sumtna dierum cccc et xxxfo dies). That is, the lawful superiors " applied 
the treasure of the church " to those who contributed to the fabric, 
in such a way that 430 oi' the days of canonical penance due 
according to the ancient discipline of the Church were relaxed or 
"excused," so to speak, provided further that the required con- 
ditions existed in each case, namely, to be in a state of grace, etc. 
Theologians now carefully guard against the idea that indulgences 
(as, e.g. for a year, or a month, or forty days) had reference to 
periods of penance to be undergone in purgatory. But what ideas 
were connected with them in the popular mind in the middle ages it 
is perhaps impossible for us now to know. 

Aitgustaldens.]. Of Hexham. 

//. Elyens.\ Hugh Norwold, bishop of Ely 1229-1254. 

Candida Caste], Of Whithern ov Galloway. 

Brej'/ic/isis]. Of Brechin. — Keith, 151). 

I\gduncnst's\. Probably for Enhegdunensis, </.v. infra. 

Cataner.sis], Of Caithness. — Keith, 210. 

Krgtidiensis\. Of Argyll. Keith, 286. 

Alnecrumb\. Now Ancrum, on the river Alne ov Ale, in Roxburghshire. 
The Bishops of Glasgow had a rural palace there. 

Laudocensem], " Laodicensis " on the seal, i.e. of Laodicea.— Stubbs, 
Reg. Sacr. AngL, 1 Si>j, p. 195. 

G. Archiepiscopum]. Godfrey de Ludham, 1258 1265. 

Kathhotcnsiiii]. Of Raphoe.- Stubbs, 205. 

ArcAadiensem]. Probably oi the Orcades or Orkney. There was .1 Peter 
bishop of Orkney in 1270 84.— Keith, 220. 

Enhegdunensem\. Of Enaghdun, in Ireland. — Stubbs, 20!^. 



296 RITES OF DURHAM. 

Appendix VII, pp. 159 — 160. 

The following 1 are the present occupants of* the prebendal houses. 
That of Stall 1. — C. Hodgson Fowler, Esq., Architect to the Dean and 
Chapter. 2. — Dr. Tristram. 3. — Dr. Farrar. 4. — Dr. Kynaston. 5. — 
House destroyed ; the Loft is the Librarian's room. 6. — Chapter Offices. 
7. — Dr. Body. 8. — Choir School, etc. 9. — Destroyed. 10. — Archdeacon 
o( Durham. 11. — Ralph Simey, Esq. 12. — Archdeacon of Northumber- 
land. 

No. 1. This house probably represents also the tailors' shop, called le 
Sartre, or Sartrina ; there is still an old walled garden at the back of 
it, and we find mention of a garden at the Sartry called Paradise ; 
this garden had a wall round it. There was also a well.— Rolls, 167, 
170, 180, 186. 

Xo. 2. At the back of this house there still remains the west end of a 
mediaeval building with two buttresses. The great kitchen fire-place 
probably dates from the sixteenth century. On the south side are 
some seventeenth-century windows, blocked up. " St. Leonard," 
p. 290, is in the principal staircase window. 

No. 3. For the Guest-hall, see ch. xlvii and notes. In V. Bek's general 

view of Durham (Bodl. Lib., Gough Maps, etc., 7) is shown, as 

occupying the site of the guest-house, a lofty mansion with a long 
row of dormer windows. 

Xo. 4. The whole of the west side of this house up to the floor of the top 
storey is ancient, and retains original buttresses, shafts of garde- 
robes, etc. 

No. 5. This house was partly constructed in the southern end of the great 
dormitory, where some wall-paper purposely left on some of the 
roof-timbers shows where the garrets were. Some part of the 
adjoining dormitory retained its tiled floor, and served as an indoor 
playground for children and for drying clothes. See ch. xliii and 
notes. 

No. 6. Some early walling remains in the basement. 

No. 7. In the basement on the north side is an outer doorway with a 
shouldered arch, and there is a similar doorway within, leading into 
cellarage. There is a building at the back about 53 feet north and 
south by 30 ft. east and west, in the eastern wall of which are 
Decorated windows of two lights, and there are buttresses at the 
south end. On the west side are responds connected with the 
arches named in No. 9, which abutted on this wall. The arms and 
initials seen in 1758 are not visible now, but the)' may be concealed. 
" Sharp's MS." has not been identified. 

No. 8. The walls of this house seem to be almost wholly original, and 
there are buttresses on the north, east, and south sides. It joins 
No. 7 on the West, and both houses have the same cellarage, with a 
row of round columns. 

Xo. i). 1 he destruction of this house has revealed some ancient arches, 
etc. ; these have never been satisfactorily identified with any known 
building. 



NOTES ON THE APPENDIX. 297 

No. 10. The west wall of this house is ancient up to a considerable height, 
and is well seen from the path below, with its original buttresses, 
latrine-shafts, etCt On the east side are some small sixteenth or 
seventeenth century windows, near the grounds 

No. 1 1. The old walled gardens and a fountain, probably Dr. Pickering's, 
still remain at the back of the house. There is some walling of 
uncertain date in the cellars. But on the west side is a building 
about 130 feet north and south by 40 feet east and west, with early 
walls and corner buttresses up to the top. 

No. 12. This house presents no ancient features. It is said that the lion. 
Anchilel Grey ( 1S09-1820) once requested a .Minor Canon not to remain 
uncovered before him in the open air, but that the latter continued to 
stand hat in hand, according to the then custom in the College. 
The Minor Canon, however, was also Chaplain of the jail, then in 
the old gateway at the lop of Saddler Street, where one day Mr. 
Grey stood uncovered before him, saying, " I am within your 
jurisdiction now, Sir." 

Appendix YIII, pp. 161 — 168. 

the person to whom, etc.] James Mickleton, of the Inner Temple, Esq. 

R. Galc\. Doubtless Roger, son of Thomas Gale, the well-known scholar 
anil antiquary, Dean of York 1697 1702. The Dean's sons Roger 
and Samuel were both antiquaries. 

a bishop that he do's name not\. Wood says in A thence O.von., II, 904 
(ed. 1721): "The private Character given of this Book at its first 
Publication, by a severe Calvinist and afterwards a Bishop, which 
I have seen written under his own hand, runs thus, Liber hie," etc., 
as in text. Hearne gives the name of the bishop, thus, " Before the 
Copy in ye Publick Library Bp. Barlow has put this Remark, Liber 
hie," etc. — Collections, O. H. S., I, 95. The reference is no doubt to 
Thomas Barlow, bishop of Lincoln 1675-91, who had been Bodley's 
Librarian 1642 60. Another person who was afterwards a bishop, 
namely White Kennell, bishop of Peterborough 1718-29, writing in 
1693, calls " Rites" an "ignorant and pitiful Legend." — Life of Mr. 
Somner, prefixed to Brome's edition of Somner on Roman Ports, etc., 
p. 21. Another antiquary who was afterwards a bishop, namely 
William Nicolson, bishop of Carlisle 1702-18, shows a better 
judgment in saying of the edition of Da\ ies, " Nor is this last 
mention'd Piece such an ignorant and pitiful Legend, as a very 
worthy Person has represented it ; since there's no where extant 
SO lull ami exact an Account of the Slate of this Cathedral, at the 
suppression of Monasteries. The Author seems to have been an 
Eye-witness of all that pass'd at that time ; and his Descriptions of 
such Matters as an 1 still remaining, appear to be so nicely true, that 
we have great Reason to credit him in the rest." — Nicolson, English 
Historical Library, Pt. II, p. 130. 

Hugo Derlington]. In 1264 he made " magnum campanile, organ. 1 

grandiora." -Graystanes in Scr. Tres, 4b. For other notice-, of the 
earlier organs, see Index to Rolls. 
John Brimleis\. See note above, p. 231. 



298 RITES OF DURHAM. 

William Btvwn]. His name appears in extant Treasurers' books, 1577- 
1604, bnl William Smylhe comes in 1594-98. He was a Petty 
Canon, and organist 1588-98. See Rolls, 733 and note. Robert 
Masterman appears in the books 1580-81 and 1588-89. These two 
appear lo have acled for Brown and to have received the payment, 
1 580-98. 

Edward Smith]. In the books 1609-10. In 1612-13 the payment (£10) is 
entered, but no name is given. Book 1611-12 might have named 
William Smith the elder, and Dodson, but it is lost. 

Richard Hutchinson]. In the books 1614 to 1636. The books 1637 to 1660 
are lost, but it is hardly likely that any were kept, or that the 
organist's place was filled up, from the death of Hutchinson in 1646 
to the Restoration in 1661. Hutchinson enjoyed a high reputation as 
an organist, " praeexcellens fuit Organista " (Mick. MS. 32, fo. 55^.), 
but he was not always so well-conducted as might have been wished. 
We find in the Chapter Acts that " In regard of Richard Hutchinsons 
frequent hauling of Aile houses and diuers other his evill demeanors, 
And especially for the breaking of the head of Toby Broking one of 
the singing men of this Church wth a Candlesticke in An Ailehouse, 
wounding him verie dangerously," he was reprimanded by the Dean 
and warned to expect expulsion if he did not amend. — MS. Chapter 
Acts, 1 Apr., 1628, fo. 66. On 7th Ma)' following, Henry Palmer was 
appointed as his deputy for the tuition of the choristers, but he is 
still to be ready by himself or his deputy to teach them to play on 
the virginals or organs on certain days. And the Chapter pardon 
him a certain debt of ^10, fo. 67. Leonard Calvert appeared as 
Organist in the Treasurer's account of 1634, according to Randall's 
MS., but the account book is not now to be found. Calvert was 
probably put on as a deputy for Hutchinson. 
John Forster]. In the books 1661 to 1677. " Choristas docuit in Claustris 
Cath. Eccl. D."— Mick. MS. 32, fo. 552;. 

Alexander S/iaw\. In the books as Organist 1678-80, with John Nichols 
as Master of the Choristers for the same time. 

William Grigg]. William Greggs appears in the books as Master of the 
Choristers and Organist 1682- 17 10. " It was agreed by the Chapter 
on 1st Dec, 1686, that Mr. Greggs the Orgjmist have leave for three 
months to goe to London to improve himselfe in the Skill of 
Musicke."— Acts of Chapter. " Choristas docet in Claustris predictis. 
Qui Will's constitutus Magister Scholar pro piano Cantu, et arte 
scribendi. Que quidem Schola pro prefato Magistro et Scholaribus 
suis situata est super Viretum Palatii D. ibique edificata et fundata fuit 
per Tho. [Langley 26] Ep'um D." — Mick. MS. 32, fo. $$v. On a plain 
stone inserted in the south wall of the chancel of St. Mary's in the 
South Bailey is the inscription, " Here Lieth ye Body of Mr William 
Greggs Late Organist Of ye Cathedral Church at Durham who died 
ye 15th day of October 1710 in ye 48 year of his Age was Son of Jo. 
Greggs gent, of York & Sufferer for K. C. I." James Heselline, 
aged 19 years, succeeded Greggs ; he died Jan. 28, 1763, and was 
buried in the Galilee. Thomas Ebdon succeeded in July following, 
and died " 23^ of Sept"", 1811, aged 73, having been, during 48 years, 



NOTES ON THE APPENDIX. 299 

Organist of tins Cathedral" (Mon. [nsc. to family, St. Oswald's 
Churchyard). Charles Clarke was appointed November, 1811, 
.nul wenl lo Worcester in 1814. William Henshaw was appointed 
November, 1813, ami retired in January, 1863. The presenl 
organist, Philip Armes, Mus.Doc. Oxon., and Professor of Music 
in the University of Durham, was appointed in November, 1862. — 
MS. Randall (>o, p. 7-', corrected from Treasurers' books and 
Chapter Acts. The notes in the text from Brimley toGreggs appear 
to be translated from the section " De Organistis " in Mick. MS. 32, 
lo. 55W. 

The third pair of Organs]. See above, ch, ix. One of the smaller organs 
was given to Bishop Neile in 1622. " Graunted the right hono'able 
the lord Bpp. of Duresine one of the lesser Organes in the Church 
and he to make Choise of the said organe." — Chapter Order. The 
bishop would seem to have chosen "the Cryers," for the White 
Organs were played on in 1636 and the ease remained till 1650. 

another great Organ was made]. Probably the one referred to in 1630 in 
the articles objected against Cosin and others ; " you have built a 
new payre of gorgius organes, which have cost at least 700//." — 
Cosin's Corresp., I, 167. This organ, which is shown on the north side 
of the choir in Hollar's view of the interior, was made by Robert 
Dallam, the famous builder ; its " chair-organ " was removed to the 
church of St. Michael-le-Belfrey, York, in 1687, Father Smith having 
then built a new one for Durham. — Hopkins and Rimbaull, The 
Organ, Lond., 1877, pp. 71, 81. In one of the letters referred to in 
the note just below, on Father Smith, he says, "The littell cher 
organ went to York . . . As for the grat organ, I will sell at anny 
rate as it is, for to niak it a good organ will cost monnes." 

//// r&fi]. It is stated a little below that they remained till 1650. 

Dean Balean<juail\. The Dean fled with precipitation when the Scots 
entered the Bishopric in 1640. Hence the local saying, " Runaway 
Doctor Bokanki." — The Bishopric Garland, 74. But it was a little 
hard on the Dean that he should become the subject of a popular 
saying like that, when both In- and so many others were plundered, 
sequestered, and obliged to By lor personal safety, the Cathedral 
turned into barracks and wrecked, and the whole establishment 
broken up until the Restoration in 1O00. 

Bernard Smith], Or Schmidt, the celebrated organ-builder, born in 
Germany about 1630, and commonly styled " Father Smith," to 
distinguish him from two nephews, and in compliment to his abilities. 
The organ which he made for Durham Cathedral was built under an 
agreement with the Dean and Chapter dated August 18th, 1683 
(Misc. Cart. 5990*). He was to receive £700 at three several 
payments, anil lo lake Dallam's old organ. He was further to have 
£50 for painting and gilding. He received £-33 6s. 8d. on the day 
o\' the agreement, the same again September 21st, 1685. The 
receipts for the third payment .nul for the extra £50 have not been 
found. There are two very interesting letters from him, relating to 
1 his business, in Surtees Soc. Miscellanea, 1861, i86m. This fine 
instrument was an F organ, with quarter tones, and had nineteen 



3oo 



RITES OF DURHAM. 



stops. The case, as it stood on the choir-screen made at the same 
time, was a grand and stately work, surmounted by huge mitres and 
the arms and supporters of Bishop Crewe, now at the Castle. The 
pipes were richly decorated with scroll-work, cherubs, and heraldic 
devices. In 1747 the organ was altered by Jordan, the inventor of 
the swell, and was then provided with that adjunct. For the 
heraldic devices on the pipes, see Proc. Soc. Ant., Apr. 16th, 1874, p. 
177. On January 15th, 1748-9, it was "Agreed to have the Organ 
New Painted, Silver'd & Lacker'd. And that Smales the lame 
Boy be Imployed under the Direction of Mr. Taylor to do the Same, 
Mr. Taylor undertakeing to gett all the Materials for the Workman- 
ship at a Sume not exceeding Twenty pounds, and the Said Smales 
Undertakeing to do the Work in a compleat manner for the further 
Sume of Twenty pounds." — Chapter Act Book (MS.), p. 107. Some 
of the armorial designs have been repainted in a very unskilful way, 
and it may be that Smales's work was found to be unsatisfactory, and 
the old decoration allowed to remain where it had not been meddled 
with. It was long the custom to wash Father Smith's pipes with 
strong ale once a year ; this gave them the appearance of having 
been varnished. After having been repeatedly altered, and (in 1847) 
removed to the arch in the quire where Bishop Lightfoot's tomb now 
is, the old organ had become unserviceable in 1873; the present organ 
by Willis was then provided, and set up on both sides of the quire. 
the ancient Song Schools]. Previously the Sacristy or " Segresters Ex- 
chequer " ; see above, pp. 18, 97. 

yett to be seen]. Not now to be found. 

an Addition 0/ the editor John Davies]. Davies gives the date 1639, but •* 

is 1589 in the Roll, our earliest iiulhority, and in other MSS. and 

editions. 
collected in iS9j\- There is no reason to doubt that the whole work is of 

this date. 
given by Prior Fosser]. It does not appear on what authority, beyond that 

of its inscription, founded, perhaps, on an earlier one, this statement 

is made. The bell is not mentioned among Prior Fossor's many 

benefactions recorded in Scr. Tres and Appendix thereto. 
Febr. 1631-2], There is a Chapter Order of this date for the bells to be 

cast by Humfrey Keyne. He belonged to a firm at Woodstock. 

— A. H. Cocks, Church Bells of Bucks., 165. 
built by Bp. Skirlaw]. It was the lantern at York, not that at Durham, 

which was in great part built by Bishop Skirlaw. — Scr. Tres, 144. 
Hugh Derlington]. It was a much earlier campanile that was made by this 

Prior. See note above, p. 297. The present lantern was built c. 1470, 

and the belfry stage c. 1490. 
D>- Spark], See above, p. 224. 
v. p. 67, 68']. I.e. of Daviess edition. 
came out of Lancashire]. Robert Oldfield may have been doing work in 

Lancashire previous to his coming to Durham, but he was doubtless 

the Robert Oldfield connected with the family of founders of the 

same name at Nottingham. See T. North's Church Bells of Beds., 70. 



NOTES ON THE APPENDIX. 301 

St. Afnrgareftcs bell\. The hells were all recast in 1693, and the inscriptions 
of dial date arc given in Hutchinson's Durham, II, 2 38//. 

Unguis Griffbnica], Now in the British Museum (not at Kensington). It is 
the horn of an ibex, 3 ft. 11 in. long, and S'j in. round the base, on 
which is a silver band with the inscription ►!< GRYPH1 vngvis divo 

CVTHBBRTO DVNBLMBNS1 SACER. This band, which seems to have 
been made in the sixteenth century, probably replaces an earlier 
one. — Proc. S. A. Loud., Feb. 22, 1883. Among the treasures in 
charge of the Ferctrar were " duo ungues griffonis." — Rolls, 426 ; 
see above, p. 276. 
buried il at the foot of the Stairs]. This is one version of "the secular 
tradition," which led to a thorough exploration being made in 1867, 
when nothing was found. On the traditions, see Arcluvologia, LVII, 
17 — 19, and above, p. 285, last note. 

Appendix IX, pp. 169 — 170. 

very probably his Effigie], Nothing of the kind. It is the effigy of a woman, 
and the "purse" in her hand is perhaps a glove (Raine, Brief 
Account, 64//. ). It is more likely that it is a part of her dress. On the 
legend of Hobb of Pelaw, see Mctr. Life of St. Cutliberl, Intr. xii. 
Bishop Philip "extra septa ecclesiae in loco non consecrato a laicis 
sepultus est." — Scr. Tres, 26. 

Appendix X, p. 171. 
/ paxbrcde]. See above, p. 200. 

Appendix XI, pp. 172 — 191. 

albis paratis]. With appareled albes. "Alba parata, alba phrygio opere 
intexta ; brodee ; ol. paree." — D'Arnis. 

cum psahnis /a/uiliaribus]. With the usual psalms ? 

in /ine libri]. At the end of this Durham missal. See above, p. 179 ; 
MS. ff. 486^, 487. 

in ordinali]. " Ordinale, i.e. Librum, in quo ordinatur modus dicendi et 
solemnizandi Officium Divinum." — Lyndwood, Provinciale, Lib. Ill, 
Tit. 27, Ut Parochiani. " Ordinale Sarvm, sive Directorium Sacer- 
dotum (Liber, quern Pica Sarum vulgo vocitat clerusi" has been 
reprinted by the H. Bradshaw Society in two volumes, 1901, 1902. 

incenset cereum\. The Paschal candle. " Hie accendatur cereus de novo 
igne, nee extinguatur usque post Completorium diei sequentis. Et 
ardebit cereus Paschalis continue per hebdomadam Paschalem ad 
.Matutinas et ad .Missam et ad Yesperas. Similiter tiat in Octavis 
Paschae," etc. — Sarum Missal, Burntisland, 1861-83, l "°'- 34 J t« 



NOTH ON THE SUNDAY PROCESSION. 

By W. H. St. John Hope, M.A. 

Tlie Sunday procession took place before high mass after the benedictio 
aqucE, and consisted in visiting and sprinkling with holy water all the 
altars in the church, and the various building's grouped round the cloister, 
concluding with a " station " before the great rood in the nave. 

During the procession, in which the whole convent took part, an 
anthem was sung, and at the station before the rood the bidding prayer 
was said, followed by the Lord's Prayer, etc. and prayers for the dead. 
The procession then passed on to the quire, singing a respond the while ; 
and the whole was concluded with a collect said in quire. 

We have no information how the Sunday procession was done at 
Durham, but the minute directions in the Salisbury processiounle and the 
Cistercian consuetitdines help us to understand what was the usual practice. 
The route here suggested can therefore only be regarded as a possible one. 

For the blessing of the water, a procession had already entered and 
taken its place before the high altar, consisting of the priest for the week, 
with the gospeller and epistoler, the censer and the two taperers, and an 
acolyte bearing the cross, together with two boys, one carrying salt and 
the water to be hallowed, the other the book for the priest to read from. 
The monks and novices occupied their places in quire. 

After the blessing of the water, which was done in the presbytery 
before the altar-steps, the priest went up to the altar and sprinkled it. He 
then passed through the north door of the "French Peere " into St. 
Cuthbert's Feretory, and, after sprinkling the little altar at the head of the 
shrine, returned into the presbytery through the south door. In descending 
the altar steps the priest sprinkled the ministers and others who had 
entered with him, beginning with the cross-bearer ; then coming down to 
the quire step he sprinkled the convent. During the giving of the holy 
water, an anthem was sung by the monks. 

The procession then went out in the appointed order with the priest 
attended by the ministers in front, followed by the novices and monks, 
through the north quire door, and turned westward down the aisle into the 
north transept. Here the three altars were sprinkled,' beginning with that 
of SS. Nicholas and Giles on the north, then that of St. Gregory, and lastly 
St. Benedict's altar. The procession then returned up the aisle, passing 
(i) beneath the porch at its west end, (ii) the altar of St. Blaise at Bishop 
Skirlaw's tomb, and (iii) under the Anchoridge on the north of St. Cuth- 
bert's shrine. That St. Blaise's altar was duly sprinkled there can be no 
question, but whether the priest mounted to the two little altars up aloft is 
uncertain. Descending the steps into the Nine Altars, the procession 



1 It is open to question whether these altars were visited at the beginning or the end of 
the procession. I am inclined to think they would be visited first, seeing what ample space 
there is in the transept for the procession to turn round. 



NOTE ON THE SUNDAY PROCESSION. 303 

visited each of the altars in turn, and finally turned westward again under 
iIh> Black Rood of Scotland, down the south aisle, by Bishop Hatfield's 
altar, which was sprinkled in passing (perhaps the priest included also 
the vestry altar in passing), and so on to the south transept. Here the 

three altars of Our Lady of Houghal, Our Lady of Bolton, and SS. Faith 
and Thomas were duly sprinkled, and then the procession continued 
westward into the south aisle of the nave and passed out into the cloister 
through the eastern door. It traversed in turn tin- east, south, and wesl 
alleys of the cloister, the priest sprinkling on his way the entries of (i) the 
parlour, (ii) chapter house, (iii) prior's lodging, (iv) frater, (v) common house, 
anil perhaps (vi) the passage to the farmery, and lastly (vii) the dorter. 
The procession then re-entered the church by the western cloister door, 
and turning to the left between the sanctuary grate and tin- altar of the 
Bound Rood, passed into the Galilee, the last place visited before 
returning. Here the shrine and altar of tin- Venerable Bede, the altar of 
Our Lady in the middle, and that of Our Lady of Pity were visited in turn ; 
and perhaps a short station made before the principal altar. 1 The 
procession, now returning 1 , left the Galilee by its north-east doorway, 
traversed the aisle past the altar of the Saviour on the left hand and that 
of Our Lady of Pity on the right, and then turned into the nave.- Here the 
station was made before the great Rood above the Jesus Altar, the 
convent standing in files on either side with the ministers in a row down 
the middle. The stones marking the places of this station remained at 
York, Lincoln, and Wells, until displaced by eighteenth-century repavings, 
and they still exist under the turf in the nave of Fountains Abbey. 3 Before 
the station was ended, the priest sprinkled the Jesus Altar and that in the 
Neville Chapel. When the procession was continued, it passed straight on 
through the doorways right and left of the Jesus Altar, " called the two 
roode dores, for the Prosession to goe furth and eomme in at," and 
uniting under the crossing, 4 re-entered the quire by its western door, when 
every member of the convent took his own place again. 

It will be seen from the plan that if the above be the way in which the 
Sunday procession was actually carried out at Durham, every altar would 
be visited in turn, and the whole of the church and cloister was traversed. 
The places of the various doorwavs and screens are also fully accounted 
for. 



1 Sec note on Galilee, p. 229. 

- It is, of course, quite as likely that after leaving the Galilee tin- procession turned i>> the 

right ami passed up the nave between the altars of the Bound Rood and Our Lad] of Pity, 

which would then he res pec ti vely sprinkled. 

3 See plan in Hope's paper in Yks. Arcfueol. JruL, vol. XV, p. 402 ; and his note, ib., 
p. 308. At Canterbury there were two parallel lines cut in the pavement for the same 
purpose. References given are. Drakes Eboracum, 1736, pp. 493. 51c) ; Camden's Britannia, 
ed. K. Cough, 1789. ii, pi. viii, p. 256, and second edition, 1806, ii, pi. \i, p. ;t>S ; an un- 
published plan ot Wells Cathedral made tor the Society of Antujuaries by John Carter in 
1799 : Costliny s li'alk in Ca nt er bury * second edition, 1777, p. 203. 

* If the three north transept altars were not sprinkled until the end of the procession. 
the} would Ik- visited at this point of the proceedings before the convent reentered the quire. 



BOOKS MENTIONED IN THE TEXT OF RITES. 



The history of the Church at large, 4, 57, 58, 106, 244, 288. 

The antient history (Scriptores /res P), 7, 45, 198, 233. 

A maruelous faire booke which had the Epistles and Gospells in it . . . 
wch booke did serue for the pax in the masse, 8, 200. 

An excellent fine booke uerye richly couered with gold and siluer con- 
teininge the names of all the benefactors towards St. Cuthbert's 
church (the Liber Vitce), 16, 208. 

Another famous booke : as yett extant conteining the reliques Jewels 
ornaments and uestments that were giuen to the church, 17, 208. 

Ye recordes of ye Church of Durham, 21. 

My ould booke, 21. 

Ould written Docters and other histories and ecclesiasticall writers, 31, 220. 

Dyuers bookes written of ye lyffe & miracles of that holy confessor Cuth- 
bert partlie written by the Irishe, partly by english men, and partlie 
by scottishe men, 35. 

Beede . . . his booke wch he wrote of ye liffe and miracles of St Cuth : 35. 

Of the cummyng of St Cuth : into Scotland, ■$$, 223. 

The actes of ye B., 43, 228. 

The discription of ye staite of ye church of Durhm, 46, 234. 

Ye Historie of ye monasticall Church, 49, 236. 

Ye historie of St Bede, 50. 

My other booke, 54. 

Certain old written bookes of records of Evidence of the Monasticall house 
of Durham, 78. 

A Copie of the foundation of the hospitall of Greatham, 78, 256. 

Books in almeries over against the Carrells, antient Manuscripts, old 
auncyent written Docters of the Church, prophane authors, dyuerse 
holie mens wourkes, 83, 263. 



INDEX, 

WITH WHICH ARK INCORPORATED A GLOSSARY AND A 
FEW ADDITION'S AND CORRECTIONS. 



All words printed in bold-faced type are explained here or in the Notes, 
pp. 193—301. Numbers marked by an asterisk mean that there are two or 
more references on the same page. 



" Abbey," use oi' term, 246. 
Abbev, west gateway oi\ 221. 
Abbey church, held to be one o( the 

richest in England, 106. 
Abbey church door, 107. 
Abbey garth, or yard, 62, 89, 105, 

24b, 2SS. 
Abbey gates, 91*, 100, 105, 273 ; the 

principal gateway, leading from 

the Bailey. 
Abbey Dore, perpent walls at, 195. 
Abbeys, six, founded and repaired 

by St. Ethelwold, 130 ; nine, 

founded by Thurstan, 128. 
Abbot, 275'. 

Abbot's Maundy, 256, 257. 
Abbots, names of, 133. 
Abel, bishop of St. Andrews, 148, 

Aberdeen, Register of, 341, 345. 
Aberdeen, Old, church of St. 

Machar in, 343. 
Abingdon, abbot of, 130 ; account 

Rolls of, 196, 202, 246; charnel at, 

246; cressets at, 196; great O 

pittance at, 270 ; monastery of, 

130 ; nigra crux at, 216. 
Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob referred 

to, 123. 
Abrincensis (misprinted Abricensis), 

Joannes (of Avranches), 233. 

Absolon, 233 ; Prior, 233. 
Absolution on Ash Wednesday, 177 ; 

on Maundy Thursday, 185. 
Aii omits made to bursar, 99. 
Acolyte, 302. 
Acta SS. Bollandiana, 237, 239, 

250 ; Ord. Bened., 234. 
Acts of the Bishops, 43, 22S, 304. 

Adamnan, St., 133; his Life oi St. 

Columba, 249. 
Adams, Dr. Fitzhei bei t, 160. 

Adda, 133. 

20 



Addis and Arnold, Catholic Diction- 
ary, 268, 295. 

Adrianus, S., 134, 135. 

Adrianus IV, pope, 123, 344. 

Advent, 276. 

Advent anthems, 283. 

Aelred of Rievaulx, 215. 

.rEthelwulf (Eldulfus), king, 136. 

Afternoon studies, 83. 

Against, in preparation for, 101. 

Agalia (near Toledo), 128. 

Agatha's, St., (Easby), frater pulpit 
at, 260 ; misericorde at, 268 ; rere- 
dorter at, 266. 

Agnus Dei, m, 113*, 120. 

Aidan, St., 54, 67, 72, 129, 131 ; acts 
of, 141 ; altar oi, 121, 292 ; head 
of, 288 ; head and bones of, 142 ; 
image of, 106, 288 ; life of, 132, 
141 ; represented in glass, 48, 116, 
118, 121 ; set over both bishop's 
see and the congregation of 
monks, 132, 141 ; soul of, seen by 
St. Cuthbert carried to heaven by 
angels, 133, 142 ; see Cuthbert. 

Aire, river, 341. 

Alabaster, imager\' in, 6, 7, 19S ; 
table of, 40, 225 ; worked at Not- 
tingham, 223. 

Alabaster box, 112; effigy of bishop 
Hatfield, 19, 211. 

Alan, bishop of Argyll, 132*. 

Albae paratae, 170, 1S3, 187,301. 
Albans, St., visiting cemetery at, 

2(H). 

Albes, 57, 98, 118, 171, 172, 179, 

189, 221 ; see Alba;. 
Albums, B. F., 233. 
Albinus, bishop oi Brechin, 131, 133. 
Albinus, S., 133, 134. 
Alchfrith, see Alfred. 
Alcuill Club Traits, 199, 201, 205, 

221. 



^o6 



INDEX. 



Alcuinus, B. F., 255. 

Aldelmus, S., 130. 

Aldhune, bishop, 54, 55, 74, 131, 143, 
240, 242, 254 ; acts of, 143 ; his 
church, 67, 72, 73, 250, 251 ; do., 
all now gone, 250 ; do., had a 
succession of six bishops in it, 72 ; 
do., and the White church, 249 ; 
250 ; see More kirk ; his coming, 
67, 249 ; his death, 67, 72, 249 ; 
his flight with the body of St. 
Cuthbert, 65 ; hallows the More 
kirk, 67, 72, 249 ; hastens the 
finishing of his church, 71 ; ordains 
the see to be in Durham, 67, 
72, 249 ; represented in glass, 
48 ; said to have made a Dun Cow, 

74. 254- 

Aldin Grange, 214. 

Aldred, glossator, 248. 

Aldunus, Aldwinus, see Aldhune. 

Ale or Alne, river, 295. 

Ale, organ pipes washed with, 300. 

Ale and cakes, 89. 

Aledravver (gromus), 146. 

Alehouses, 298. 

Alexander, king of Scots, 21 ; named 
thrice, 20. 

Alexandria, J26. 

Alford near London, 243. 

Alfred the Great, 42, 50, 131, 137, 
138, 142, 227, 236, 293. 

Allan, George, xii, xiii ; his Collec- 
tion of tracts, 209, 240, 253, 286 ; 
Durham and its environs, 255, 264. 

Allerton, North, Hospital of, 73, 
253 ; see Alverton. 

Alley, 3, 31, etc., a walk or passage 
in a church. There is a mixture 
of the senses of Alley, from Old 
Fr. alee, connected with aller, 
to go or walk, and Aisle, from Old 
Fr. ele, from Lat. a/a, wing. A 
church may have a middle 
alley, and an alley in each aisle, 
but to call the nave " the middle 
aisle " is wrong. 

Alley, 75, 78, 83* ; a side of the 
cloisters. 

Alley, cross, of Lantern, 20, 212 ; 
the east, of the Cloisters, 169. 

Alley, lantern, the cross alley in the 
midst of the church, 37 ; north, of 
body of church, 37-40, 109 ; do., 
of lantern, 22, 29, 1 1 1 ; do., of 
quire, 17, 18*, 22, 115, 164; do., 
of do., porch in, 208 ; south, of 
body of church, 40, no; do., of 
lantern, 30, 113, 218; do., of 
quire, 18, 19*, 25, 1 16. 

Alley, bowling, 88, 270. 



Alley end, 3, 196. 

Alleys, in Nine Altars, 2, 194, 196. 

Almeries, 5, 13, 304 ; aumbries, 
lockers, Lat. almarium, same as 
armarium ; see Ambry. 

Almery, 91*, 92 ; the almonry or 
" aumerev," called " Almerv or 
Loft." 

Almery, children of, cleaned the 
Paschal, 17, 209 ; had their meat 
from the novices' table, 91, 92, 
274 ; at the monks' Maundy, 257 ; 
read the psalter by the dead, 52*, 
238 ; their refectory, 159 ; were 
taught and maintained, 91*, 273. 

Almesse, Almose, 91 ; alms. 

Almoner, 146, 264, 275 ; see Ele- 
mosinarius. 

Alms, monastic, question con- 
cerning, 273. 

Almsbox in Galilee, 233. 

Alnecrumb, 153, 295. 

Alphege, S., archbishop of Canter- 
bury (Elphegus), 127. 

Alquinus, S. , 134. 

Altar, carpet before, 172, 175, 180 ; 
of Anchorage, 17, 302 ; of Bound 
Rood, 41, 226, 303, 303;?. ; at 
bishop Hatfield's tomb, 19, 211, 
303 ; the high, or great, 7, 8, 9, 
12, 13, 14, 17, 22, 73*, 98, 150, 187, 
279, 280 ; book chained to, 208 ; 
dedications of, 199 ; of Holy 
Rood (Scae. Crucis), 155*, 156, 
226 ; of Our Lady, 43, 44*, 194, 
230, 232, 303 ; of Our Lady of 
Bolton, 30, 31*, 113, 219, 290, 303 ; 
of Our Lady of Houghal, 30, 113, 
219, 290, 303 ; of Our Lady of 
Pity in the north alley of the nave, 
38*, 39, 41, 223, 224, 226, 303 ; of 
Our Lady of Pity in the Galilee, 
44, 233*, 235, 303, 303«. ; of Jesus, 
32, 34. 37*. 4°- io 4. !9 8 > 212, 221, 
244, 303 ; the Nevilles', 40*, 303 ; 
peculiar, in Revestry, 19, 212, 303 ; 
of St. Aidan (and St. Helen), 2, 
58, 121, 244, 292 ; St. Andrew and 
St. Mary Magdalene, 1, 120, 154, 
193 ; St. Bede in Galilee, 44, 46, 
235, 303 ; St. Bede (SS. Cuthbert 
and Bede) in Nine Altars, 2 ; St. 
Benedict, 18, 22, 23, 112, 210, 302 ; 
St. Blaise, 18, 302 ; St. Cuthbert, 
210 ; St. Cuthbert and St. Bede, 
1, 2, 118, 119, 120 ; St. Fides, 113 ; 
St. Fides and St. Thomas, 31, 
303 ; St. Giles, 112 ; St. Gregory, 
23, 112, 302; St. Jerome and St. 
Benedict, 124* ; St. John Baptist 
and St. Margaret, 1, 120, 154, 193 ; 



INDEX. 



307 



do., inventory of, 171 ; St. Martin, 
2; St. Man iii ami St. Edmund, 
120; St. Michael, 2, 122, 103 ; St. 
Nicholas and St. Giles, 20, 302 ; 
St. Oswald and St. Laurence, 1, 
1 19 ; St. Peter and St. Paul, 2, 
121 ; St. Saviour, 38, 224, 303; 

St. Thomas of Canterbury and St. 
[Catherine, 1, 119 ; little, at end of 

Shrine of St. Cuthbert, 4, 197, 
302 ; Skirlawe's, t8, 302. 

Altars, five, dedicated, 151, 152, 153, 
193 ; in Galilee, perhaps moved, 
233 ; keys of, locked up, 98 ; the 
Nine, 16 ; in sacristies, 212 ; 
sprinkling' of, 302, 303 ; stripping 
and washing of, 253 ; three, in 
north transept, 23, 1 12, 302, 
303;/. ; three, in south transept, 
113; two, dedicated, 154 ; visited 
in procession, 302, 303 ; used for 
laving out vestments, 212. 

Altar-bread, 171, 279; making of, 
27S. 

Altar-cloths, 171*; steps, 302; stone, 
remains of, 38, 224. 

Aluredus Rex, see Alfred. 

Alverton (Northallerton), church of, 
138 ; mora de, 12S. 

Alvertonshire, 138, 141. 

Amalarius de Div. Off., 255. 

Amanchoridge, 17, 208. 

Amandus, S., 132. 

Ambrose, St., 16, 112, 120. 

Ambry, an aumbry, almery, amber, 
amrye, i.e. a cupboard, or locker, 
either fixed against a wall, or in a 
recess, sometimes standing free. 
Lat. armarium, originally a place 
for tools (arma) ; having divers 
ambries within it, 81 ; long, for 
crosier or cross, 193 ; where keys 
were kept, 9S ; for towels, 79, 82, 
257, 262* ; within north quire 
door, 279. 

Ambries, of all the altars, 9S ; for 
books, 83, 260, 262, 264, 304 ; in 
frater, 80, 81, 258* ; in Galilee, 
44, 193, 232 ; by Jesus Altar, 32 ; 
in Nine Altars, 1, 2, 5, 193, 197 ; 
opened for visitors, 5 ; by shrine 
of St. Cuthbert, 13, 205 ; in 
treasury, 263. 

Amherst, A., on gardening, 289. 

Amice, 221. 

Ammonius, S., 134. 

Amort, on Indulgences) 295. 

Analogium, 1 7 < > ; the desk for the 
Hook of the Gospels. 

Anasialii, S., abbas, 123. 



Anastatius, S., abbey of, 125. Now 
" Abbadia delle tre Fontane," in 
Ihe outskirts of Rome, a Cister- 
cian monastery whose first abbot 
became Pope Eugenius III, in 

1 ' 45- 

Anastatius IV, pope (miscalled 
" Athanasius "), 43, 229. 

Ancestors, images of, 15. 

Anchorage, 17, 208, 302. 

Anchorite, 248. 

Ancient history, the, 7, 198, 45, 233. 

Ancient Memorial, 23. 

Ancients, 6, 25, 95*, 198, 216. 

Ancrum, 295. 

Andegava (Angers), 132, 133. 

Andrew, bishop of Argyll, 156. 

Andrew, St,, 116, 117, 120. 

Andrew, St., chapel of, on Elvet 
Bridge, 253. 

Andrews, St., archbishops of; see 
Abel, Lamberton, Landal, Turgot. 

Angels, 15, 112, 113, 114*, 121*, 
122* ; bearing arms of noblemen 
on breasts, 121 ; carrying St. 
Aidan's soul, 121 ; censing, 116; 
figures of, in Rood group, 221 ; 
helping St. Katherine, 1 19 ; hold- 
ing shields, 120; Orders of, 32, 
122, 220, 292 ; receiving blood and 
water, 1 14. 

Angers (Andegava), 132, 133. 

Angle, 1, 31, 40, 46, 58, 83, 225, 229. 
"An outlying spot or 'corner,' 
without reference to shape. " 
— N.E.D. under Angle, 4. 

Anglia Sacra, 230. 

Anglo-Saxon poem, 197. 

Anima (skull) of St. Oswald, 49, 
236. 

Anne, St., 111, 115. 

Annunciation, represented in glass, 
47. 122. 

Anselm, St., 127. 

Anthem, Anglican, origin of, 268. 

Antick work, 10 ; grotesque, fantas- 
tic work. 

Antioch, 126. 

Antiochia (Mvgdoniae, in Mesopo- 
tamia), 132. 

Antiquaries, Society of, 303N. 

Anti-types, 196. 

Antony, St., 134. 

Anvil base, 246. 

Apostles, images of on brasses, 2, 
l 5> 29, 30; four, 122 ; twelve, 
represented on St. Cuthbert's 
coffin, 285 ; on stone screen, 33. 

Apostolic Constitutions, 200. 

Apparel, found lor themselves by 
monks, 97. 



3o8 



INDEX. 



Appendix, 109-191 ; notes on, 289- 1 
301. 

Apprentice carver, 146 ; mason, 146. 
Arbipellis, 242, 243. 
Arbre de Meistre, 335. 
Archadiensis, 154, 295. 
Archasologia, xxi, 196, 200, 212, 220, 

225, 226, 236, 241, 258, 261*, 270*, 

2S3, 285*, 286*, 301; 341. 
Archaeologia .^Eliana, 215, 253. 
Archaeological Association Journal, 

195- 

Archaeological Institute Journal, 
213, 239, 246, 266*, 277,323. 

Archangels, 122* ; on St. Cuthbert's 
coffin, 285 ; by Mary and John, 
34, 221 ; names written on wing's 
of, 122. 

Archbishops, names of, 126. 

Archdeacon, 188*, 210; prior Turgot 
made, 67, 72, 

Archer, Gabr., x ; Joh., x. 

Arches in prebendal house, 296 ; 
under steeple, 92. 

Archibald, bishop of Moray, 154. 

Ardbraccan, 254. 

Argyll (Ergadiensis), bishops of, see 
Alan, Andrew. 

Aringhi, Roma Subterranea, 315. 

Aries, 127*. 

Armagh, archbishops, see Malachi. 

Armes, Dr. Philip, 299. 

Arms attributed to Saints, 116, 290 ; 
on bells, 166*, 167* ; of bishops 
and others in cloisters, 77, 254, 
255 ; certain, 119 ; of the church, 
166*, 167 ; divers, 121* ; of Our 
Lady, 170; in little panes, 121. 

Arras, in Belgium, 269. 

Arsenius, S., 134. 

Artificers, monastic, 275. 

Arundel MS., 272. 

Arundell Stairs, 161. 

Arvernia (Auvergne), 133. 

Ascension Day, 13, 95 ; procession 
on, 105, 106 ; Wednesday after, 
10 ; ceremonial of, 175-179. 

Ashes, blessing of, 177 ; on heads 
of penitents, 178*. 

Ashe, Oliver, 231. 

Ashlar work, 288. 

Aspersion, 172, 174, 179, 181, 182, 
186. 

Asser ad pacem, 200. 

Assimilated work, 252. 

Assumption, feast of, 7 ; represen- 
tation of, 47. 

Asterisks, use of, xxi. 

Atchley, Culhbert, 220. 

Athanasius, St., 126. 



" Athanasius " (Anastatius IV), 

pope, 43, 229. 
Athelstan (Ethelstanus), king, 20, 

21, 137*. 2 93- 

Atkinson, Cleveland Glossary, 249. 

Attic story, 159. 

Auckland, 141, 152. 

Auckland, John, Prior, 34, 54, 222. 

Audley, Alice de, 244. 

Audomarus, S., 130. 

Augustaldensis, 149, 295. 

Augustine, St., 16, 120, 124. 

Augustinus (Cantuar.), S., 126, 12S. 

Aulae gromus, 146. 

Aumbrye, see Ambry. 

Aumerey, 91, 273; the almonry or 
" alniery." 

Aungier, G. J., Hist, of Syon, 287. 

Aurelia (Orleans), 130. 

Ausbertus, S., 128. 

Austerity of monks, 101, 283. 

Austregesilus, S., 128. 

Autisiodorum (Auxerre), 129. 

Autun (Augustodunum, in the dis- 
trict of the JEdu\), 133. 

Auvergne (Arvernia), 133. 

Auxerre (Autisiodorum), 129. 

Bachelors styled " Ds.," 284. 

B., J., xii, xiii. 

Back house, 39, the bake-house. 

Bacstanford, 252. 

Baddely, Rd., 159. 

Baeda, see Bede. 

Baghorse, 294. 

Bagman, 146, 294. 

Bagsaddle, 294. 

Bagsaddletrees, 294. 

Bagshaw, Dr. H., 160. 

Bailey, the ballium or part of Dur- 
ham lying between the abbey wall 
and the outer wall ; Mrs. Whitting- 
ham's house in, 61, 246 ; the 
North, 163, 246, 273, 287, 288 ; 
the South, 105*, 273, 288. 

Bailie of the town, 107. 

Baiocas (Bayeux), 133. 

Baites, George, see Bates. 

Bakehouse, men of, 39. 

Baker, Tho., xiv. 

Baker (pislor), 145. 

Baking irons, 338. 

Balcanquall, Dean, 163, 299. 

Baldred of Rievaulx, 215. 

Baley, 107, probably the bishop's 
bailiff, who would preside over 
the citizens until they were incor- 
porated under an alderman and 
twelve burgesses in 1565. The 
constitution was changed to that 






INDKX. 



309 



of a mayor and twelve aldermen 

in 1602. 

Baley, South, see Bailey. 

Ball and cross in hand of St. Oswald, 

Ballivus de Billingham, 14s ; de 

Shells, 145. 
Balmerino, Records of, 197. 
Bamburgh, 141). 
Banner of St. Cuthbert, described, 

2b, i)4, i)5 ; of king of Scots, 95*, 

Banners, b, 25 ; defaced, 7 ; of 
occupations, 107, 108*, 288. 

Banner cloth, corporax used as, 23. 

Banner-staff, 96, 277. 

Banquet, a solemn, 89, 270. 

Baptistery, lavatory so called, 261. 

Bar, Count of, 228. 

Barbara, St., 1 17. 

Barbara, de S., bishop, 55, 240, 241. 

Barber, 145; bed of dead man due to, 
52, 53 ; his duties and perquisites 
at a death, 51, 52, 53, 237. 

Bardnay, 125; Bardney in Lincoln- 
shire. 

Barefoot pilgrimage, 137. 

Baring-Gould, Lives of Saints, 234. 

Barlaam, 125, 292. 

Barlow, Tho., bishop of Lincoln, 297. 

Barnabas, St., 285. 

Barnabe Googe, 287. 

Barnard, Pet., 144. 

Barnard Castle, Richard of, 45, 234. 

Barnes, Mr. Jo., 61. 

Barngreiff, 145, 294. 

Barrington, Lord, 160. 

Barry, a chamber, 281. 

Bartholomeus (Lugd. Archiep.), 12S. 

Bartholomew, St., 117. 

Bartle, Tho.. 165, 166*. 

Barwick, Dean, 164. 

Base of column cut awav for altar, 
226 ; cut away for holy-water 
stone, 22 3 ; cut off for a " porch," 
224 ; moulded, of" holy-water 
stone, 224, 22b. 

Basil, S., 126. 

Basin or Bason, with light before 
the Sacrament, 14 ; for Maundy, 
78. 

Basons, 9, 10, 13, 14, 200, 201, 202, 
206; of latten, within the silver 
tines, 14 ; and ewers of latten, 
81*. 

Basset, arms of, 255. 

Bates, Geo., xiv, 78, 94*. 

Bath, bishops, see Burnell. 

Batmanson, Ric, 146. 

Battenball, 261. 



Battle, Si. Cuthbert's banner taken 

tO, 26, 1)5, 2 l6. 

Battle of Durham, <>, [98 ; of the 

Standard, 1 28, 293. 
Baudekin, red, 211. 
Bauderick and busk-board, 27';. 
Bayeux 1 Baiocae ), 1 33. 
Bayle, lien., 14b. 
Baytes, George, see Bates. 
Beans, 281. 

Beare, 65, bier, feretory. 
Bearpark, 29, 145, 14b, 214', 218", 

239- 

Beating the bounds, 2S7. 

Beauchamp, arms of, 255. 

Beaulieu, frater pulpit at, 2bo. 

Beaumont, Lewis, bishop, 14, 59, 
206, 243, 245 ; brass of", 320 ; ib. , 
verses oi\, 15, 207*. 

Beaurepaire, see Bearpark. 

Bee, 127. 

Beck, Anton)', bishop, 2, 72, 156, 
243, 244 ; first bishop buried 
within the church, 58 ; tombstone 
of, 194. 

Bedding, 97. 

Bede or Ba?da, the Ven. or St., 109, 
114, 117, 118*, 129, 134, 149, 169, 
24.7", 270 ; altar, relics, shrine, 
and tomb of, 44, 45, 46, 225, 233, 

235, 286 ; bell of, 165, 166* ; bones 
of, interred where his shrine had 
been, 103, 286 ; compilation from, 
293 ; epitaph on, 46, 235 ; exposi- 
tions from, 208 ; a famed book- 
man, 234 ; his Historia Abbatum, 
20,3 ; his Historia Ecclesiastica or 
De Gestis Anglorum, 50, 126, 128, 
'3'*. »3 2 i '33*i '36*. '30. 228, 
236*, 282, 304 ; Historical Works 
of, ed. Smith, ibo, 11)7, 27b; history 
and legends concerning title of, 
234; Homilies of, 234 ; inscription 
on later tomb of, 235; narrative 
based on, 250 ; notice of, 136 ; his 
Opera Historica, 293; picture of", 
in glass, 48 ; " picture " of, in a 
mazer, 80 ; relics of, 13b ; shrine 
of, 96, 103, 141, 154, 197, 277, 286; 
do., Camden's story about, 235 ; 
do., carried in processions, 105, 
106 ; do., defaced, 103, 286 ; do., 
marble stones from, 103, 286, 287 ; 
tributes to, 235 ; his Vita S. 
Benedicti Biscop, [35, 2t)j, ; his 
Vita S. Cuthberti, 35, 48, 140, 223, 

236, 2QO, 292, 304 ; works of, 13b. 
Bede s Howl, 80. 

Bedfordshire stone, 198. 
Bedlington bought by bishop Cut- 
heard, 143. 



;io 



IMDEX. 



Beef, 99 ; and salt fish, steeped in 

holy-water stones, 61. 
Bees, the work of, 173, 174. 
Beheading- of martyrs, 119, 120*, 

121. 

Bek, V., 296. 

Belfry, the Galilee, 38, 39, 166 ; 
the great, 39, 165, 166. 

Bell for Chapter Mass, 98 ; chipping 
of a, 165; a gilden, in frater, 82, 
260 ; of laver, 82, 262 ; little, 
silver gilt, 171 ; long narrow one, 
165*, 166; one, on Ash Wednes- 
day, 175 ; for the Salve, 86 ; for 
Terce, 179. 

Bells, 22, 39, 40, 165-167, 224 ; of 
St. Cuthbert's banner, 26*, 216 ; 
all rung on Easter Even, 191 ; 
eight, 93 ; inscriptions on, 166, 
167 ; mending of, 98 ; recast, 165, 
166, 167 ; ringing of, 52 ; silver, 
on ropes of shrine-cover, 4. 

Bell-ringers, 38*. 

Bell-ringing ceased at the Sup- 
pression, 39. 

Bell-strings, 98. 

Bell, Prior, 213, 283. 

Bellett, his translation of Pelliccia, 
202. 

Bellus Locus, 157, a manor in 
Westmoreland belonging to the 
bishops of Carlisle. 

Bench, stone, in frater, 80, 257 ; 
do., for Maundy, 79*, 257. 

Benedict, St., 112, 124*; bell of, 
167; Order of, 67, 72, 113, 124, 
290 ; Rule of, 260, 262, 267*, 268, 
269, 271, 275, 279, 280. 

Benedictines, 267 ; black habit ot, 
289. 

Benedictio salis et aquae, 213, 224, 
302*. 

Benedictus Biscopp, S., 134, 136. 

Benefactors, pictures of, 20, 21, 212; 
prayers for, 98*. 

Benet, Tho., 145. 

Bennett, Mr., 100, 282 ; Rob., 99, 
280, 282. 

Bennett, St. (Benedict). 

Benson, Dr., 272. 

Bentley, Ric, 147. 

Berington, Rob., Prior, 23, 213, 287; 
first obtained mitre and staff, 53. 

Bernicia, 138. 

Bernicii, 132, 133, 142. 

Bertram, arms of, 255. 

Bertram, Prior, 255. 

Berwick, 149, ; Sparke, bishop suf- 
fragan of, 224, 225, 282, 288. 

Beryl, crosses of, 355 ; fire struck 
from, 201. 



Betti, 133. 

Beverley, church of, 137 ; Percy 
" Shrine" at, 347 ; round window 
at, 195 ; sanctuary at, 226, 227. 
Bible, Genevan, 216 ; great French, 

246 ; in frater, 82. 
Bible and Crown, xvii. 
Bier for St. Cuthbert's body, 65. 
Bilfrith, anchorite, 248. 
Billingham, 137 ; ballivus de, 145 ; 
barngreiff de, 145. 

Billings, Count)' of Durham, 253* ; 
Durham Cathedral, Notes passim. 

Bishop, bells rung for, 39, 224 ; his 
blessing asked for, 182, 1S7 ; 
clerks of, 188, 191 ; duties of, on 
Easter Even, 187-191 ; or deputy, 
duties of on special occasions, 
172, 175, 179; on Easter Even, 
187, 190, 191 ; French, story of, 
235; Register of, 164; seat (throne) 
of, 19 ; seat of, in chapter-house, 
238 ; solemnly vested, 188, 191 ; 
unknown, 121. 

Bishops, figures of, 212"; four, 
pictures of, 119 ; funerals of, 
57, 243, 244, ; images of, and 
inscriptions, at quire door, 139- 
143; kneeling, 118; names of, 
129 ; of Durham, at first buried 
in chapter-house, 54, 55, 56, 57 ; 
met at their funerals by Prior and 
monks, 57 ; their names on stones 
in chapter-house, 54, 55, 240- 
242 ; notices of, 240 ; Durham 
and other, see under their names. 

Bishopric, chief men of, 259 ; laws 
of, 293. 

Bishopric Garland, 299. 

Bishop, Mr. Edm., 248. 

Bishop Auckland, 243*. 

Bishop Middleham, 243*. 

Bishopwearmouth, 256. 

Bithynia, 131. 

Bituricas (Bourges), 128*. 

Black Book of Lincoln, 203. 

Black habit, 118. 

Black Rood of Scotland, 18, 19, 25, 

215- 303- 

Black Roods, the two, 215, 216, 287. 

Blades, Geo., 163. 

Blanchland (Alba Landa), [49. 

Bland, Geo., Archdeacon of North- 
umberland, 159. 

Bleeding, 270. 

Bleeding-house, 270. 

Blessing of palms and branches, 
180; of salt and holy water, 172, 
179, 182. 

Blessings asked tor, 182, 187*. 



INDEX. 



3" 



Blewe marble, the blue-grey lime- 
stone from Wear dale and Tees- 
dale. 

Blind, St. Paul struck, 121. 

Blodius, 171, blue. 

Blood, waves turned into, 65, 70, 

247. 
Bloody hands and face, 112. 
Blount, Glossographia, 320. 
Bloxam, Gothic Architecture, 205, 

20S, 24b. 
Blue armour of St. George, 116, 

200. 
Blue bed holden over grave, ^2, 53, 

Blue cross, 222. 

Blue glass represented black, 236 ; 

habit of St. Bede, 48, 118*; of St. 

Helena, 122 ; of Our Lady, 119. 
Blue habits, monks in, 109, III, 

112*, 113*, 114*, 115, 117, 120, 

289. 
Blue marble, 35, 37, 38* ; cross of, 

35, 222 ; grave stones of, 61, 246. 
Blue painting with gilded stars, 38, 

40 ; velvet, robe of, 106* ; vest- 
ment of St. Martin, 120. 
Blue, see Blewe. 
Blythman, Mr., 102, 284. 
Boarded floor, for warmness, 62. 
Boarding on walls, 62. 
Bodleian Library, xi ; glass at, 2S9. 
Bodlev s Librarian, 297. 
Body, Dr., 296. 
Boisil, abbot, 64, 234. 
Boisilus, S., 136. 
Bollandists, 291. 
Bologna (Bononia), 130. 
Bolton, 149, 290. 
Bolton, altar of the (or Our) Lady 

of, 1 13, 290. 
Bolton, estate at, 219 ; Our Lady of, 

' 13- 

Bona, Rerum Liturgicarum, lib. II, 
270. 

Bondington, Will, de, bishop of 
Glasgow, 153. 

Bones, disposal of, 245 ; thrown into 
vault, 59 ; see Charnell-house. 

Bonifacius, S., 126. 

Bonny, Mr., 100, 282. 

" Bonny Rood," 41, 226. 

Bononia (Bologna), 130. 

Book of benefactors, 16, 208; 
chained to altar, 208 ; of coming 
of St. Cuthberl into Scotland, 35, 
-•23 ; ot Epistles and Gospels, 8, 
200, 304 ; in hand of S. J. B., 1 13 ; 
in hand of W. Drax, 118; of 
jewels, ornaments, relics, etc., 17, 
208, 304. 



Book, "my other" (II. 45), 54. 
Booke, " my ould," 21 ; see Gospels. 
Books brought from Rome, 135 ; in 

carrells, 83 ; of evidence, 78 ; 

kepi in Treasury, 263 ; mentioned 

in Rites, list of, 304 ; serving for 

pax, 9, 200. 
Book covers, pictures on, 8, 200. 
Bookcases, marks of, 262. 
Boots, 97 ; and socks, put on the 

dead, 51, 52, 237. 
Boss, an enlarged part of the shaft 

of the paschal candlestick, 10 ; of 

that of Neville's Cross, 27, 28. 
Bosses, on holy-water stones, 60. 
Bough Church, 71, 251. 
Boulby's office, 169. 
Bound Rood, altar of, 41, 226, 303, 

Bourges (Bituricas), 128*. 

Bouyer, Mr., 159. 

Bow Church, 71, 104, 105, 246, 251, 
287 ; bell cast in, 167. 

Bow Church end, 105. 

Bow Lane, 170, 2S8. 

Bowcer, 99, the Bursar. 

Bowe Church, 105, 287 ; see Bough. 

Bowes, arms of, 255. 

Bowes, Dr. J., 159*. 

Bowet, archbishop, arms of, 255 ; 
" shrine " of, 347. 

Bowing to the Blessed Sacrament, 8. 

Bowling alley, 88, 270. 

Bowman, Tho., 146. 

Bowter, 146, 294. 

Bowyer, Mr. Rob.. 248. 

Boy bringing holy water, 205. 

Boys' room, 169, 213. 

Boyle's Durham, 215. 

Bradshaw, H., Society, 203*, 246, 
277, 278, 279, 301. 

Bradshaw and Wordsworth, their 
edition of Lincoln Statutes, 200, 
202, 203, 220. 

Brancepeth, canopies at, 221 ; Geo- 
metrical tracery at, 221, 231. 

Branches and flowers, in stone, 23- 

Branckes field (Branxton, Flodden), 

95*- - 2 77- 

Brand, Popular Antiquities, 2^S, 
287. 

Brandishing, 5, 197. 

Brantingham, 243. 

Brantyngham, Tho. de, bishop of 
Exeter, 282. 

Brass, of Beaumont, 15, 2o(>, 320 ; 
Berington, 23 ; Brimley, 162; Burn- 
by, 34, 222 ; Castell, 34, 222 ; de 
Bury, 2 ; Rob. Ebchester, 30, 219; 
W. Ebchester, 30, 219 ; Fossour, 
2<) ; rlemmingbrough, 30, 210; 



312 



INDEX. 



Neville, 225 • Rackett, 60, 246 ; 
Skirlawe, 18; Washington, 22, 213. 
Brasses, defaced by dean Whitting- 
ham, 60, 246 ; niches on, 320 ; on 
outdoor tombs, 246 ; of de Insula 
and Kellow, 55, 242. 
Brathwaite, Theoph., x, xi, xvii. 
Brattishing, 5, 40, 197. 
Braybroke, Rob. de, bishop of 

London, 285. 
Bread for altar use, 97, 278 ; do., at 

Maundy, 78, 79. 
Breakspear, Nich., 344. 
Brechin (Breynensis), bishops of, 

see Albinus, William. 
Bregwinus, S., 128. 
Brendanus, S., 135 ; day of, 288. 
Brereton, Sir W., Travels, 355. 
Breviary, Benedictine, 207* ; Roman, 
207, 267, 287, 289, 290 ; Sarum, 
205, 208, 270, 287, 291 ; York, 208, 
270, 283, 287, 290, 291. 
Breviaries, English, 267, 289 ; medi- 
aeval, 204, 234. 
Brewen, one, 14. 
Brewer (pandoxator), 145. 
Brewhouse, men of, 39. 
Breynensis, 151, 295. 
Bridge, King David's, 214. 
Bridle in tree, 65, 70. 
Bridlington, shrine at, 284. 
Brimley or Brimleis, John, 43, 161, 
231, 247, 297; epitaph ot\ 231; 
music by, 231. 
Brinkburn, 149. 
Bristol, Jesus anthem at, 221. 
Brithwoldus, S., 132. 
British Museum, 22^, 276, 301 ; 
Library of, 248 ; see Manuscripts. 
Brittany, charnels in, 315 ; stone 

circles in, 262. 
Brockett, Glossary, 207. 
Broking, Toby, 298. 
Brome, his edition of Somner, 297. 
Brough Hall, xii. 
Browell, Joh., 144. 
Brown, Chr., 147 ; Edw., 146 ; 
Henry, 101, 145 ; Nich., 145 ; 
Will., 162, 298 ; Rev. W., 285. 
Browney, river, 214*, 218. 
Bruce, see David ; Lieut. -Col., 163. 
Brunswick, candlestick at, 202. 
Bukley, Job., 144. 
Bull's head, 6, 27, 112, 217, 221; 

having no scutcheon, 27. 
Buhner, Will., 144. 
Burford, vestry altar at, 212. 
Bulges, Rob., 144. 
Burgh (Peterborough), 130. 
Burial in unconsecrated ground, 
241 ; oi prior, the first within 
abbey church, 29, 218. 



Burials, ringing at, 166*. 

Burnby, John, Prior, 34, 53, 222. 

Burnell, Rob., bishop of Bath, 155. 

Bursar, 99, 101, 264, 275, 280, 284. 

Bursarii gromus, 146. 

Bursar's chamber, 99 ; checker, 99*, 

280, 284. 
Bursars' Books, xix, 280 ; Rolls, 280. 
Burton, Three Primers, 222. 
Burton and Raine, Hemingbrough, 

219. 
Bury St. Edmunds, candlestick at, 

202 ; great O pittance at, 270 ; 

shrine at, 196. 
Bury, Ric. de, bishop, 2, 59, 157, 

242, 243, 245 ; tombstone of, 2, 

194. 
Burying of monks, 51, 52, 237 ; of 

priors, 52. 
Busby, Rob., 146. 
Busk-board, 279. 
Buttery, 87, 91, 259, 269, a place for 

butts ; see N. E. D. ; of Stephen 

Marley, 91. 
Buttresses, of steeple, 93. 
Byland, Galilee at, 230. 
Byzantine drawings, 248. 

Caen stone, 198. 

Csena Domini (Maundy), 255, 256. 

Caerleon, see Urbs. 

Caithness (Catanensis), bishops of, 
see William. 

Calefactories, 218. 

Calefactory, 270. 

Calvert, Leon., 298. 

Calvin, John, 216, 217; Catherine, 
sister of, 26, 217. 

Calvinist, a severe, xv. 

Cambridge, University of, xiv ; 
University Library, xii ; MS. in, 
xii*, xvi ; St. John's College, xiv, 
xv. 

Camden, Britannia, 169, 303/2. ; his 
story of Bede, in " Remaines," 

_ 235. 

Camden Society, Abingdon Account 
rolls, 246 ; Chronicle of Grey 
Friars, 245 ; Letters on Suppres- 
sion, 284 ; Machyn's Diary, 203 ; 
Miscellanies, 217, 265. 

Cameras gromus, 146. 

Camerarius, 145, 146. 

Campbell, Ja., Balmerino, etc., 197. 

Cancellaria, 263. 

Candelabra of latten, 171*. 

Candida Casa, 151, 295. 

Candida Casa, bishops of, ix. 

Candles, blessing of, 172, 173 ; 
carried, not lighted, 187 ; distribu- 
tion of, 174 ; lighting of, at 



INDEX. 



31. 



Candlemas, 174; on Easter Even, 
iS(>, 187 ; three, burning con- 
tinually, 14. 

Candle-bearer, 171). 

Candlemas, ceremonial of, 1 73—1 75, 
203, 340. 

Candlestick, one, on altar, 201. 

Candlestick, the seven, 1 1, 203 ; see 
Paschal. 

Candlesticks, 9, 10, 201. 

Candlesticks, iron, b. 

Candlestick metal, 10, 11. 

Candlesticks, two on altar, 201. 

Canonical penance, 295. 

Canons displaced, 67, 72 ; minor, 
278; Regular, 124; do. of Holy- 
rood, 25. 

Canopy for Blessed Sacrament, S, 
199 ; of purple velvet, 13. 

Canopies over altars, 194. 

Canterbury, 12b, 127*, 128*, 131*, 133, 
259 ; Archbishops, see Alphege, 
Cranmer, Cuthbertus, Edmund, 
Lanfranc, Parker, Peckham, 
Sancroft, Stratford, Theodore, 
Thomas Becket ; book-cover 
at, 200 ; candlestick at, 202 ; 
canonical subjection to, 128; 
carrels at, 262 ; cellarer's domain 
at, 280 ; hall at, 272, 280 ; choir- 
screen at, 212; college of, in 
Oxford, 278 ; deportum at, 268 ; 
glass at, 202 ; guest hall at, 280 ; 
infirmary at, 270* ; lavatories at, 
261 ; maundy bench at, 257 ; 
monastery ot St. Peter at, 134 ; 
nine-holes at, 277 ; north hall at, 
2b 1, 280 ; novices' outfits at, 277 ; 
prior's hall at, 273 ; processional 
lines at, 303M. ; relic-aumbry, 193, 
279; rere-dorter at, 266*; Si. 
Andrew's chapel at, 212; St. 
Augustine's, 27S ; do., candlestick 
at, 202 ; do., children of the 
almery at, 273 ; shrine at, 196*, 
198 ; third dormitory at, 266 ; 
throne, 279; water supply of, 261. 

Cantor, 144, 182, 187, 190, 275 ; 
begins Kvrie, etc., 191. 

Canute, king, 20, 21 ; founded 
churches where he had fought, 

>37- 
Capgrave, John, 293 ; see Nova 

Legenda. 
Cappadocia, 126. 

Capuchin friars, dead bodies of, 285. 
Cardinal's hat, 1 12. 
Carham, 22T,. 
Carilef, St., 133 ; excluded women, 

134, 228; mass of, 251. 



Carilef, Will, de St., bishop, 55, 56, 
67. 7-- 74- 138. -'40*. -4'. »42i 243, 
250, 254; acts of, 140; death of, 
73; intended to make a Dun Cow, 
74, 234 ; may have instituted com- 
memoration of St. Carilef, 251 ; 
perhaps identified, wrongly, with 
St. Carilef, 2~,2 ; said to have 
been canonized, 72, 251 ; said to 
have made tomb in cloister, 251 ; 
statue of, 93. 

Carlisle (Lucubalia), 138, 227. 

Carlisle, bishops of, see Everdon, 
Kirkeby, Mauclerk, Nicolson. 

Carol, an enclosure, 262. 

Carpenters, 145. 

Carrells, 83, 262, 304. 

Carter (gromus, bis), 146 ; (valect.), 

'45- 

Carter, John, 303/;. ; drawings by, 
211, 230", 238; plan by, of Dur- 
ham Cathedral, xx, 211, 212, 213, 
230, 238, 242, 252, 256, 259, 269, 
270*, 271, 281 ; plans, etc., of St. 
Albans, 209 ; plates by, 227*, 243, 
-45» 2 5>< 2 74» 289, 323; portrait 
by, of old verger, 200. 

Cartwright, J. J., Chapters in Hist, 
of Yorkshire, 294. 

Carver, 144. 

Casagaia (near Le Mans), 133. 

Casement, 115, 290. 

Casket, silver, for bones of Veil. 
Bede, 73. 

Cassianus, Johannes, S., 134. 

Cassiodorus, 135. 

Castell, Prior, 34, 54, 80, 210, 220, 
221, 222, 257; renewed Doctors' 
window, 31 ; represented in win- 
dow, 31. 

Castle of Durham, chests al, 264 ; 
Fox's work at, 199 ; Henry VI at, 
123; Norman keep of, 259; oil- 
painting at, 266 ; Pudsey's work 
at, 141. 

Castle in hand of St. Barbara, 117. 

Castle Acre, fireplace at, 194 ; 
kitchen lobbv at, 259 ; rere-dorter 
al, 266*. 

Castleford, 341. 

Catalog! Veteres, 220*', 260, 263', 
204, 293. 

Catalogue of Sculptured Stones, 247, 
285. 

Catanensis, 132, 295. 
Catechism, Exposition of, ix. 
Cater (gromus, bis), 146. 
Catholic people, 123, 
Catlynson, Ric, 14b. 
Cator, 143, 294. 
Catterick, xii. 



314 



INDEX. 



Caxton's Pie, 224. 

Ceadda, S., 121. 

Cedda, S., bishop of Lichfield, pre- 
viously bishop of York, 129, 133 ; 
ordained bishop, 142 ; represented 
in glass, 50. 

Celestinus V, pope, 125. 

Cellar, 81*, 86, 87, 259, 260, 268, 
2S0 ; (explained p. 280) ; keys of, 
94 ; yeoman of, 94 ; the great, 82, 
87, 259, 260, 265, 269, 270 ; the 
lesser, 260, 269 ; of guest-hall, 90. 

Cellar door, 80, 93, 258. 

Cellarage under prebendal house, 
296. ' 

Cellarer, 99, 145, 272, 275*, 280, 281 ; 
(explained p. 280) ; two gromi of, 
.46. 

Cellarer s chamber, 99 ; checker, ib., 
280 ; hall, 265 ; do., at Canter- 
bury, 272. 

Celtic monks at Ripon, 236. 

Cemetery, 218. 

Cemetery Garth (see Centory 
Garth). 

Cenomanum (Le Mans), 133. 

Censers, 9, 15, 22, 201 ; see Thurible. 

Censing-, 12*, 15, 107, 188, 288. 

Censor, 302. 

Centory garth, 1, 29, 52, 53*, 59, 60, 
62. 63, 68, 75, 87, 218, 269; the 
cemetery garth ; effaced, 60 ; 
praying in, 87, 269. 

Centry garth, various forms of name, 

245- 
Ceolwulphus Rex Northanhimbr., 

126. 
Ceolwlfius, Rex, becomes monk, 

his relics, 139. 
Cereus Paschalis, 188, 301, 
Cestria in Strata (Chester-le-Street), 

142. 
Chains for basins, 14* ; for censers, 

9' 

Chains, sitting in, 89. 

Chair, of stone, in chapter-house, 
56, 211, 242, 243; of wood, in 
chapter-house, 56, 243 ; do., of 
nineteenth-century bishops, 243. 

Chair organ, 299. 

Chalcedony, crosses of, 355. 

Chalice in hand of St. John the 
Evang'elist, 1 1 1, 116. 

Chalice of wax, 52, 53 ; gilt, 57, 
238 ; silver, etc., 244. 

Chalices, 9, 13, 23, 32, 98, 201 ; for 
burial, $2, 53, 57, 239 ; wrought 
upon tombstones, 60. 

Chamber, great, of Prior, 90 ; of 
master oi fermery, 89, 270 ; for 
midnight bell-ringer, 40, 226 ; in 



north alley of quire, 22, 213; of 

reveslry, 22, 213. 
Chambers in dorter, floors and 

windows of, 85, 266 ; belonging to 

guest-hall, 90, 272 ; two, over 

north door, 41, 227. 
Chamberlain, 97, 100, 145, 275, 282 ; 

his chamber, 100, and checker, 

100, 159, 282, 296. 
Chamberlain, see Camerarius. 
Chamberlains' rolls, 282. 
Chambre, Will, de, 213, 218, 219*, 

^ 222*, 235, 239, 269. 

Champnay, Joh., 145. 

Chancellor, arms of, 255. 

Chancellor, spiritual, 252. 

Changeable suits, 9 ; sets of vest- 
ments changed to suit different 
occasions. 

Chantry of blue marble, 43, 44, 230, 
231. 

Chantry priest, to say mass at altar 
of Our Lady of Pity, 44. 

Chantries, of bishop Langley, 49. 

Chapel, St. Andrew's, 51, 52, 237. 

Chapel or church of wands, 66, 71, 
249, 251. 

Chapel Field, at Kimblesworth, 274. 

Chaplain's chamber and checker, 

1 01, 284. 

Chapter, daily proceedings in, 279. 

Chapter Acts, 298*, 299, 300*, 340. 

Chapter-house, 31, 52, 59, 73, 238, 
240, 263, 265, 267, 303 ; bishop's 
and prior's seats in, 56, 211, 242, 
243 ; corpses taken to, 52, 53 ; 
demolition of, 241 ; meeting in, 
for prayer, etc., 5 to 6 p.m., 86, 
267 ; prayers in, 98, 279. 

Chapter mass, 98, 280 ; offices, 296 ; 
seal, 83, 84*, 263*. 

Charette, 57, 244 ; here the funeral 
car on which the body was borne. 

Chargeable, burdensome, 96. 

Chariot, etc., of deceased bishop due 
to Prior and monks, 57, 244 ; (of 
St. Cuthbert) immoveable, 66, 71. 

Charles I, xi, 11, 97, 278, 284, 298; 
II, 165 ; V, tomb of, 202. 

Charley cross, 227. 

Charnell-house, 59, 245, 246. It 
might have been mentioned in the 
note that many of the bones in 
Ripon Bone-house probably came 
from the churchyard when the 
new aisles were built. See 
Memorials of Kipoit, III, Index 
under Bones. On the charnel 
and chapel at Norwich, see 
Murray's Cat/icdrals, Norwich, 
143. In Rome and elsewhere it is 



INDEX. 



!»5 



usual, when a church is rebuilt] to 
place disturbed bones together in 
a place called Polyandrum, under 
the now building. For the 
Polyandrum that was made in 
1545 in the now St. Peter's at 
Rome, and its inscription, set' 
Atringhi, Roma Subterranea, 1659, 
p. 155 ; also Pu Cange under 
Polyandrum. But it is perhaps in 
Brittany that charnel-houses have 
received the fullest development. 
Soo Viollet le Duo. Diet, de V Archi- 
tecture, vi, 449, under Ossuaire. 

Charter-house, water supply of, 261. 

Chasuble, iqo, 221, 24;,. 

Cherubim, 122, 292. 

Chest, covered with hides, 2S3 ; at 
Durham Castle, 285 ; iron-bound, 
102, 284, 285 ; a new one, 284, 
285 ; the first for St. Cuthbert's 
body, 70 ; see Coffin, Cutlibert. 

Chests in Treasury, 84, 263, 264 ; 
(coffins), 239. 

Chester, carrels at, 262 ; frater 
pulpit at, 260. 

Chester-le-Street(Cestria in Strata). 
Conkcestria, 65, 70, 71, 142, 143 ; 
bishops of, ix ; Cutheard, bishop 
of, 143. 

Cheston, M., 144. 

diet ham Society, 355. 

Chichester, nine-holes at, 277 ; 
painting's at, 212; pulpit in Vicar's 
hall at, 260; shrine of St. Richard 
at, 284. 

Children of the Almery, 62, 91*, 
247, 273 ; at the Maundy, 79, 237 ; 
of the quire, 62. 

Chillenden, Prior of Canterbury, 280. 

Chilton pool, 28, 2 i 7. 

Chime, a goodly, 39, 40, 225. 

Chime-barrel, 22^,. 

Choir, see Quire. 

Choir-school, 2^1,, 296. 

Choristers, 34, 43, 231, 2qS ; master 
ot, 43, 231, 298 ; vestry of, 2(13. 

Christ, anointing of, 112 ; anointing 
and visiting sick, 120; as He 
ascended and rose, 112; baptism 
of, 120 ; on breast of the Father, 
111, 114, 290; censed by angels, 
ufa; crucified, 109, 114, 117* ; 
figure of, on St. Cuthbert's coffin, 
285; on the Cross, 111, 114, 290; 
on the Cross in arms of N'icodcmus, 
112; death, burial, resurrection, 
and ascension of, in glass, 51 ; 
picture of, u<); do., with Mary 
and John, in frater, 80 ; seated on 
rainbow, ^ : on shoulder of St. 



Christopher, 110, 113, 2Sc> ; story 

oi\ 121, 12 2. 

Christopher, St., 110, 113, 281;, 290. 

Christus resurgens, 12, 205. 

Chronicle ot' Grey Friars, 243 ; o( 
Lanercost, 213. 

Chrysostom, St., 1 26. 

Church, body of, Guest-hall much 
like, 90. 

Church, How, tbfa, 167 ; Cathedral, 
east end of, ruinous, 148, 150, 151; 
laying first three stones of, 33, 56, 
241 ; at Lindisfarne, built by 
Finan ami consecrated by Theo- 
dore, 133. 

Churches, procession of all the, 107. 

Churchyard, of Cathedral, i6g ; 
house, garden, and wall in, 164, 
165 ; processions through, 105 ; 
a Sanctuary, 41. 

Church Fenton, 341. 

Cicero, 263. 

Ciffene, 347. 

Circas or Cireumitores, 267, 273. 

Circuit of processions, 103, lofa. 

Cissor under Chamberlain, 283. 

Cistercians, lay-folks' infirmary of, 

Cistercian Consuetudines, 233, 302 ; 

retrochorus, 221 ; statutes, 278. 
City, procession in, 107, 108, 288. 
Clarendon Press, 293. 
Claret, 281. 
Clark, Rob., 90. 
Clarke, Cha., 299. 
Clasps, of doors, 33. 
Claustrarius (groin us), 146. 
Cleaning of church, 98. 
Clement, bishop of Dunblane, 130^, 

152- 

Clerk of the Covent, 91, 274 ; of the 

Covie, 02, 274. 
Clerks blamed for murder of bishop 

Walcher, and removed, 140, 141. 
Clerks' chamber, 281. 
Clericus bursarii, 144; capellae, 144; 

supprioris, 144. 
Clerici Valecti, 144. 
Clerk, Job., 144. 
Clerkc, J oh., 146. 
Cliffe, George, 221. 
Clifford, arms of, 233. 
Clifton, All Saints Parish .Magazine, 

220, 222. 
Clock, 31, 78, 168, 220, 301 ; de- 
stroyed, 220, 221 ; in Loft behind 

Rood, 34, 221. 
Clock door, 1 14. 
Clock arid Chime, 40. 
Cloister or Cloisters, b3-88, 1)7, 1 14, 

163, 170. 247-270; arms in, 77, 



3i6 



INDEX. 



169, 254, 255 ; choristers taught 
in song-school in, 298* ; Common 
House in, 88; Dorter in, 85; East 
alley in, 75, 254 ; historical re- 
lation connected with, 63, 69; key 
of, 94 ; Loft in, 86 ; Maundy 
Thursday in, 77 ; North alley in, 
83, 262 ; novices' seats in, 84* ; 
porter of, 94 ; privies near, 86 ; pro- 
cessions through, 105, 303 ; rolls 
of expenses of, 254; St. Cuthbert's 
tomb in, 68, 74, 141 ; South alley 
in, 78, 257 ; Treasury in, 83, 84* ; 
West alley in, 83, 263. 

Cloister door, eastern, 40 ; porter 
at, 79. 

Cloister doors, 93 ; garth, 83 ; 
lavers, xx, xxi, 82, 261, 262 ; 
towels, 262 ; windows, 118, 291. 

Clokmylne, 217. 

Cloth, for pix, 8, 199. 

Clothes-bag, 277. 

Cluny, Prior of, 125. 

Cnut, gave candlestick, 202. 

Coal garth, 99, 280. 

Coal house, 280. 

Cocks of brass, 82, 261. 

Cocks, embroidered on vestment, 
171. 

Cocks, A. H., Church Bells of 
Bucks., 300. 

Coco nuts, 276. 

Cocus (gromus), 145 ; lardaria? 
carnium, 149. 

Coenredus Rex Merciorum, 125. 

Coffin, golden, 46, 235 ; wood, car- 
ved, of St. Cuthbert, 70, 247, 285. 

Coffins, of bishops, 57 ; of priors, 53 ; 
wooden, 239. 

Coldingham, 139*, 149, 213 ; dis- 
orders at, 223, 228 ; prior of, 118, 
291. 

Coldingham, Geoff, de, 229*, 269. 

Cole garth, 99, 280. 

Colgan, Trias Thaumaturg'a, 254. 

Collationes, 267. 

Collation at Winchester, 283. 

Cologne, kings of, 47. 

Coloured borders, 109*, 289. 

Columba, S., 135 ; Life of, 249. 

Columbanus, S., 135. 

Column cut away for reredos, 223. 

Commissary of Archdeaconry, 147. 

Commissioners for defacing orna- 
ments, 69, 108, 251, 284*, 285. 

Commodities, 69, 75 ; advantages, 
benefits, profits, interests; "often 
in the sense of private or selfish 
interest." — N.E.D. 

Common House, 88, 101, 265, 270, 
■283, 303 ; Benedictine, 270 ; the 



first, 265 ; (Westminster), chapel 

on east side of, 270. 
Commons, House of, 248. 
Commonalty of Durham damage 

banner, 288. 
Commoner, the, 270 ; his chamber 

and checker, 101, 283 ; rolls of, 

28 3- 
Communiarii gromus, 146. 

Communion-tables, made of sepul- 
chres, 205. 

Comper, J. N., 201. 

Compline, 221, 256, 257, 267, 268*. 

Concordia Regularis, 269. 

Conduit, 82, 100, 261, 266; in dean's 
kitchen, 61. 

Conduit door, 82. 

Conduits or spouts of brass, 82, 261. 

Confirmation, 224. 

Confirmation of pontifical insignia 
to the Priors of Durham, 213. 

Conformity by compulsion, 231. 

Conkcestria (Chester-le-Street), 

'43*- 

Connor, bishops, see Dunath, Peter 
of ; John ; Newcastle, Isaac of ; 
Port Royal, William of. 

Conrad, gave candlestick, 202. 

Consecration of priests, 19, 212. 

Consistory, 73, 161, 167, 252; ori- 
ginally a " standing-place " or 
" meeting-place," hence a court. 

Consitt, Provost, Life of St. Cuth- 
bert, 216. 

Constantinople, 126. 

Consuetudinary of Westminster, 
278 ; of Winchester, 283. 

Convent, meeting of, in Chapter, 
279. 

Conversion of St. Paul, 121. 

Conveyance through roof, 11, 203. 

Cook, supplied cressets, 85. 

Cope, 172, 180, 185, 187, 188, 221. 

Copes, 22 ; given to St. Cuthbert, 
106* ; rich, 105, 106. 

Coquet, river, 251. 

Cord for hanging pix, igq ; to let 
down meat, 89. 

Cords, of silk, for pix, 8. 

Corn, 100. 

Cornforth, Geo., 115. 

Cornhill Magazine, 195. 

Coronet, palatinate, 291 ; 

Corporax of St. Cuthbert, z^, 95, 
214 ; placed in banner, 26, 95. 

Corporax cases, 214. 

Corpus Christi Day, 95 ; procession 
on, 106, 288. 

Corpus Christi shrine, 69, 251 ; 
carried in procession, 107. 

Corsaint, 247. 



INDEX. 



317 



Corsse, 52, corpse. The " corsaint," 
i.e. St. Cuthbert's body, was 
invested with a living personality. 
Metr. Life, 1. 2. In like manner 
people will now speak of a corpse 
in a coffin as " Mrs. R.,"and talk 
about "the corpse's brother" 
having been at a funeral. So 
here, " the dead corsses feet." 

Corwen, 37, 223. 

Cosin, John, bishop, ix, xiii, xix//., 
163, 233, 264, 299. 

Cosin MS. , B. it. 2, ix, x, xiv, xvi, 
xvii, xix ; transposition in, 273. 

Cosin's Correspondence, 199, 209, 
278, 299, 355 ; Library, ix, xiv, xviii. 

Cospatrick, earl, 239. 

Cotton, Sir Rob., 24S. 

Cotton Library, 167. 

Cotysfurth, Jo., 146. 

Covent, convent, as in " Covent 
Garden," 99 ; clerk of, 91, 274. 

Cove, meaning of, 258. 

Coventry and Lichfield, bishops ; 
see Roger. 

Covey, 80, 92, 258, 259, 260, 274 ; 
clerk of, 92, 274 ; hatch of, 274 ; 
at Worcester, 258. 

Covey door, 80, 258. 

Covey or Pantry window, 92. 

Cow, the Dun, 66, 71, 249, 254. 

Cowl, the sleeveless outer garment 
of a monk or novice, with a hood 
that can be put over the head, 97, 

277- 
Cowl and habit, the dead wound in, 

5'- 5-2- 
Cowper, 145, 294. 
Cowper, Joh., 145 ; Rob., 163. 
Cox, T., xviii. 

Cranmer, Tho., archbishop of Can- 
terbury, 201. 
Crayke (Creak) minster, 65, 70 ; 

royal manor of, 138. 
Creed, articles of, with Apostles, 

1 16, 290. 
Creeping to the Cross, 11, 30, 204, 

205, 340. 
Cressett, 3, 22, 195, 213*. An 

earthen basin or a hollowed stone 

used as a lamp. 
Cressets in Dorter, 85, 266. 
Crewe, bishop, 300. 
Croccio, 209. 

Crocus, polishing with, 209. 
Cromwell, Oliver, 206, 355 ; Rich., 

206. 
Crook of gold that the pix did hang 

on, 8. 
Crosbie, Ric, 96, 250. 
Crosier, 15, 112, 118*, 121, 292; in 



hand of Prior of Coldingham, 118, 
291 ; (crutch), silver gilt, 105, 287. 
Cross, a cross-piece, 35, 222. 

Cross, annexed to bishops' names, 
54, 240 242 ; on banner-staff, 26, 
95, 277 ; of blue marble, 34, 35, 
222 ; on breast of St. Oswald, 
115; Charley, 227 ; in hand of 

5. J. B., 120; in hand of St. 
Oswald, 49 ; the Leaden, 227 ; 
of wood, at Maid's Bower, set 
up and afterwards destroyed, 29, 
217, 218 ; Neville's (the stone 
cross), 227 ; an earlier one, 217 ; 
described, 27, 217 ; destroyed, 
28, 165 ; Neville's, why so named, 
28; the Nevilles' (their saltire), 

6, 27, 30, 112; Philipson's, 227; 
St. Andrew's, 120 ; St. Cuthbert's, 
42, 227 ; on shoulder, 112 ; taken 
at battle of Durham, 24 ; St. 
Margaret's, 106, 287 ; the true, 
portion of, 216. 

Crosses, borne in processions, 10, 

105, 107, 201, 231, 2S7 ; simple, 

201 ; two distinct, 210 ; see Black 

Roods. 
Cross-bearer, 172, 179, 185, 187, 

302. 
Cross days, Cross week, 104, 287. 
Cross division, 118, 291. 
Cross keys in hand of St. Peter, 

121. 
Cross staff, 10, 121 ; do., in hand of 

St. Martin, 120. 
Crossing, 303. 
Crown of gold on head of Our Lady 

of Bolton, 113; on head of St. 

Oswald, 119, 291. 
Crowned images, 18, 19. 
Croxdale, 231. 
Crucibulum (cresset), 213. 
Crucifix, enclosed in image, 30 ; of 

gold, 11, 204 ; on Neville's Cross, 

28. 
Crucifixion, remarkable allusion to, 

156 ; represented in glass, 32, 47, 

2 37 ! m Jesse Window (?), 228 ; 

on pax, 200. 
Cruets, 9, 13, 32, 98, 171, 201. 
Crutch, crosier, 57, 105, 244, 2S7. 
Crux fidelis (hymn), 204. 
Cryer (a bell), 208. 
Cryers, organ so called, 16, 208, 

299. 
Crypts, 246. 
Crystal, in breast of image, 12 ; 

cross of, 13, 203 ; see Xpall ; fire 

struck from, 201 ; squared box of, 
107. 
Crystal stones, 10. 



3i8 



INDEX. 



Cumberland and Westmoreland 

Transactions, 195. 
Cumberland, red earth of, 247. 
Cuneagecester, Chester-le-Street, 

65- 

Curia, 281, 288. 

Cursor scaccarii, 144. 

Curtains of white silk, 7, 198. 

Cushion, velvet, 11, 12. 

Customary of Canterbury, 277 ; of 
St. Peter's, Westminster, 194. 

Cuthbert, St., 1, 2, 3, 20, 21, 109, 
no, in, 115-119, 121, 248; abbot 
14 years, 63, 64 ; alleged royal 
descent of, 63, 77, 247, 255 ; 
anchorite 13 years, 63, 64 ; 
anchorite in Fame, 131 ; appeared 
in visions, 236 ; to Alfred, 137 ; 
to Hunred, 65, 70 ; to St. Oswald, 
11S. 

Cuthbert, St., arms of, u, 109, 116, 
204, 289, 290. 

Cuthbert, St., banner of, 105, 106, 
107, 287 ; borne only on principal 
days, 95 ; cross-bar of, 216 ; 
described, 26, 94, 95 ; destroyed, 
27, 217 ; how lifted, 216 ; injured 
and mended, 216, 287 ; pertained 
to shrine, 94 ; required at least 
four men to manage it, 96* ; set 
up at east end of shrine, 96 ; 
supposed incombustible, but burnt, 
27, 217 ; taken to battles, 95, 277 ; 
its vveisfhtiness, 96* ; when used, 
26*. 

Cuthbert, St., beard of, 102, 2S5 ; 
birds of, 198 ; bishops at first did 
not presume to lie near, 54. 

Cuthbert, St., bod)' of, 138, 264 ; 
brought to Durham, 143 ; cross 
found on, 286 ; found whole, 131, 
I3 2 > x 39*> '4 1 i pilgrimage of 
Cnut to, 138 ; removed from first 
grave, 63, 69 ; said to have been 
counterfeited, 285, 286 ; to have 
been placed in chest now at 
Castle, 264 ; taken from Lindis- 
farne, 142 ; uncorrupt, 63, 69, 102, 

103. 139*. Hi. : 49. i5 8 > 284. 
Cuthbert, St., books of life and 
miracles of, 35, 223, 304 ; burial 
of, 63, 69 ; buried where shrine 
had been, 103, 286 ; chief patron, 
48 ; church of, 16 ; coffins of, 5, 
70, 132, 139, 247, 285, 286 ; 
coming of, into Scotland, 304 ; 
consecration of, 127, 131, 138 ; 
converses from his tomb, 130 ; 
corporax of, 23, 95, 214 ; death 
of, 63, 67, 69, 72, 247 ; devotion 
of kings to, 227 ; an early shrine 



of, 196 ; enshrined, 67, 73 ; en- 
shrined in light feretory, 63, 69 ; 
feast of Translation of, 197 ; 
entertains an angel, 131, 138, 142, 
236; feast of, 4, 79, 81, 96, 197, 
259, 269 ; feretory of, 97, 108 ; his 
first grave of stone, 63, 69 ; 
frequented islets, 132 ; gentlemen 
desired to lie near, 59 ; gift to, 
from St. Ethelwold, 130, 293 ; 
glass pictures of, 31,47, 114, 116*; 
grave of, 196 ; honoured by Alfred 
and by his son Edward, 137, 293 ; 
image of, 7 ; do., set up by cloister 
wall, 68, 75 ; Irish legends of, 223, 
254 ; Irish and royal parentage of, 
131 ; jewels, etc., bestowed on, 
106*, 288 ; lands of, exempt from 
customary dues to Crown, 138 ; 
laws given or confirmed to, 137, 
138 ; laws and lands of, 137, 138, 
293 ; laws and liberties of, 141 ; 
leg of, broken, 102, 285 ; legend 
of, ix ; life of, written by Bede, 
136 ; made a monk, 136, 142 ; 
made a monk and prior, 131*, 142; 
mass clothes of, 63, 69 ; his MS. 
of Gospel of St. John, 250 ; marble 
stone over grave of, 103 ; marble 
stones from shrine of, 196 ; mass 
of, on vacant Thursdays, 191 ; in 
mass vestments, 48 ; meaning of 
name of, 254 ; metrical Life of, 
197, 223, 227, 228, 247*, 249, 250,. 
254, 276, 290, 292, 301 ; metwand 
of, 102, 285; miracles of, 118, 270; 
monk 37 years, 63, 64 ; nativity 
of, 118 ; painting of, 233 ; parting 
monition of, 64 ; patron of church, 
etc., of Durham, 131, 139; praying 
in sea, 115, 290; promotes Guth- 
red, 139 ; relics of, 234 ; those of 
Eadbert with his, 132, 139 ; secret 
place of his burial, 167, 301 ; 
separated monks and nuns, 228 ; 
shrine of, xix, 17, 25, 94, 151*, 
156*, 167, 234*, 235, 251, 276, 286, 
287 ; do., defaced, 102 ; sinews and 
skin of, 102, 285 ; solitary life of, 
with the Picts, 35, 36, 223 ; story 
and miracles of, in glass, 76, 254 ; 
tomb of, 250 ; do., privileges 
offered on, 137 ; visited by Henry 
VI, 122, 292 ; tomb of, in cloister, 
140, 141 ; Translation of, xvii, 
237. 239, 250. 
Cuthbert, St., translated into Ald- 
hune's church, 67, 69 ; to Durham, 
131 ; by Eadbert, 132, 139 ; to 
Lindisfarne, 131* ; to present 
church, 67, 6S, 73, 93, 141 ; to 



INDEX. 



3 IQ 



tomb in cloisters, 6S, 73, 74 ; 
to While Kirk, 67, 71. 

Cuthbert, St., vestments of, 102, 
103, 285 ; voice from shrine of, 
143 ; wandering's of body of, (14, 
69, 142, 247 ; window of, at York, 
254, 289 ; women not to come 
near him, 35*, 43, 223. 

Cuthbertus, S. (Arch. Cantuar.), 
128. 

Cutheardus, bishop of Chester-le- 
Street, acts of, 143. 

Cyprus, 132. 

D'Achery, 234. 

Dacre, arms of, 169, 255. 

Puis, 275. 

Dallam, Rob., 299*. 

Dalmatic, deacon in, 182, 221 ; 
deacon without, 179, 188. 

Dalton, Rob., 281, 286. 

Daltown, Tho. tic, bishop of Gallo- 
way, 155*. 

Damascus, 121. 

Damask, red, 211 ; white, 7. 

Danamarchia (Denmark), 137. 

Dane, Dan, Dom, Don, titles, 93, 
93«., 102, 275, 2S0, 284 ; see 
Monks. 

Danes, 64*, 65, 69 ; coming- of, 142 ; 
oppressed Alfred, 137 ; robbed 
the church of St. Cuthbert, 137. 

Danyell, S., 135. 

Darlev, arms and initials of, 159, 
296.' 

Darlev, Rob., 159. 

Darlington, church of, built by 
bishop Pudsey, 141 ; clerks trans- 
ferred to, 141 ; manor and church 
at, 74, 253. 

D'Arnis, Lexicon, 301. 

Dasent, Gisli the Outlaw, 237. 

Date of the book, 29, 161, 165, 193, 
300. 

Dates of former edition ; it was 
i-sued in 1844 for 1842 ; hence 
sometimes dated 1S42, as on p. in., 
sometimes 1844, as on p. xvi*. 

David or Davy, St., 129. 

David I, king of Scotland, St., 128, 
215* ; his gifts and confirmations, 
139 ; well of, 215. 

David II (Bruce), king of Scots, 6, 
18, 19, 20, 21, 23, 24, 25, 58, 210, 
214, 215*, 218 ; admonished by a 
dream, 25 ; taken in battle, 25, 
58, 214, 215. 

Davies, John, 165, 300 ; his edition 
of Rites, xii, xiv*, xv, xvi, 15971. ; 
.Mickleton's additions thereto, 
161-168, 297-301. 



Dawson, Geo. (ballivus de Billing- 
ham), 145. 

Dawson, Geo, (barngreiff de Wol- 
viston), 145. 

Daw Raby, 24, 58, 244. Dawe or 
Dauwe occurs repeatedly as a 
man's name in Piers Plowman, 
and is for Davie ov David. Bui 
in this case it is probably a 
nickname taken from the bird. 
It appears as " Da Raby " in 
Leland, It in., ed. 1744, I, 83, as 
" Daraby," lb., 85, and as Da wra by 
in Durham Visitation Pedigrees 
(Foster, 1887), 24K. In a dispute 
between I wo Lincolnshire gentle- 
men in 1533 one called the other 
"a fooll and a dawe," and so 
provoked the retort " dawe of thy 
hede." Proc. Soc. Ant., April 
29, 1869, p. 321. And see N.E.D. 
and E.D.D. under "daw." 

Days, principal and other, 9, 87, 98; 
see Principal. 

Deacon in dalmatic, 182 ; without 
dalmatic, 179, 188. 

Deacons, 34, 43, 187, 190, 231. 

Dead, services for, 52, 53, 23S. 

Dead man's chamber, 51, 52, 237. 

Dean, the, 256*. 

Dean's buttery, 61 ; hall, 257 ; 
cellarage under, 265 ; hall greece 
or stairs, 99, 101, 284 ; house, 81 ; 
lodging, 78, 256. 

Deans, Benedictine, 275. 

Deans of Durham, sat in wooden 
chair in chapter-house, 56 ; see 
under names. 

Deanery, 260 ; arms in window at, 
290. 

Decorated windows in prebendal 
house, 296. 

Deece Prior, 94*, 96, 259, 275. 

Defoe, D., A Tour, etc., 265. 

Degrees in Occupations, 107. 

Deira, 13S. 

De la Hay, arms of, 255. 

De Moleon, Voyages liturgiques, 
202, 214. 

De Morgan, Book of Almanacks, 
292. 

Denmark (Danamarchia), 137. 

Deodatus, S., pope, 125. 

Deportum, 268. 

Deputy prior, 0,4. 

Dergie, 52, 238. 

Deribitory, xiv, see Dirivatory. 

Derlington, prior, [61, [65, 207, 
297, 300. 

Description of stale of church ol 
Durham, 46, 234, 304. 



320 



INDEX. 



Desk, long, in Song school, 62 ; for 

singers, 34, 221. 
Desks in carrells, 83 ; in windows 

of chambers in Dorter, 85. 
Device or wrest, 18, 19, 210 ; for 

pipes of banner-staff, 26. 
Devon, Church Bells of, 279. 
Dicson, Joh., 146 ; Ra., 145. 
Dictionary of Christian Antiquities, 

226, 238 ; of Christian Biography, 

292, 293 ; English Dialect, 319 ; 

of National Biography, xvw., 206, 

240, 251, 284 ; New English, see 

P\ 337- 

Didimus Alexandrinus, S., 135. 

Dining, etc., of monks and novices, 
268. 

Dining-room, Loft made into, 159, 
269. 

Dinner, grace at, 93 ; general, on 
St. Cuthbert's day in Lent, 4, 81. 

Dionisius, S., monk and abbot, 135. 

Dionisius, S., pope, 125. 

Diptychs, 208. 

Dirge, 52, 238. 

Dirivatory, xiv, 76, 254. The same 
mistake appears in Godwin's 
Catalogue of the Bishops, 1601, p. 
527: — " He bestowed also 220/. in 
the building of the Diribitory," 
and in the Latin edition, 1743, p. 
751 : — " Ducentas deinde ac viginti 
in structura Diribitorii impendit." 
The N.E.D. has " fDiribitory, 
Obs.," with one quotation, namely 
1656 Blount, Glossogr., "a place 
wherein souldiers are numbered," 

etc do., " where the 

Romans gave their voyces." A 
scribe appears to have got hold 
of this word by mistake for 
" Dormitory," and to have been 
followed by many. 

Discrepancies in lists of figures, 
212. 

Dissolution of Monastery, 159, 201, 
248, 250, 256, 280, 283 ; see Sup- 
pression. 

Divided imbordered, or, and bor- 
dered, 2, 15 ; set in separate 
representations of niches in the 
borders of brasses. Some of the 
largest brasses, e.g. those of 
Bishop Beaumont at Durham, 
Alan Flemyng at Newark, and 
Roger Thornton at All Saints, 
Newcastle, had two sets of niches 
on each side, besides many at the 
top. 

Divine Service, nobly done at Dur- 
ham, 123. 



Divinity, Professor of, 272 ; study 
of, 97. 

Dixon, R. W., History of Church of 
England, 284. 

Doctors, names of, 135 ; writings 
of, 304 ; and others, works of, in 
Library, 31, 83, 263 ; the four, 
read, 16, 207 ; represented in 
glass, 31, 120, 220. 

Dodson, — , 162, 298. 

Dogs, embroidered on vestment, 
171. 

Dol, 129*. 

Dominations, 122. 

Domus infirmorum, 51. 

Door at the greece foot, 87, 269 ; 
behind quire, 179 ; east, from 
cloister into church, 83 ; within 
frater door, 87, 269 ; with leaves, 
33 ; the north church, 37. 

Doors opened at 7 a.m., 93, 94 ; of 
Mr. Pilkington's hall, 100 ; the 
two, in Neville screen, 6, 198. 

Doorway from dormitory to church, 
265. 

Doorways, their places accounted 
for, 303. 

Dor, 37, 61, 68, 79 ; Durham for 
" door." 

Dormitory, the Great, 259, 265, 266 ; 
(miscalled Dirivatory), 76, 254 ; 
see Dorter. 

Dorset, marquis of, 284. 

Dorsetshire, 229. 

Dorsetshire clunch, 198. 

Dorter, 51, 83, 85, 86, 93, 94, 97, 
185, 187, 195, 238, 246, 265, 276, 
303 ; basement of, 270 ; cellarage 
under, 239 ; chambers of officers 
in, 97-101 ; midst of, paved, 86, 
267 ; Norman, and stairs to it, 
265 ; tiled floor of, 296 ; Treasury 
under, 263 ; undercroft of, 278 ; 
windows in, 266. 

Dorter door, 83*, 84, 93. 

Double cloth, 147, 294. 

Double furnitures of altars, 98, 280. 

Douglas, H., 160. 

Dove, in representation of Holy 
Trinity, 290 ; likeness of, 47 ; with 
olive-branch, 180. 

Dovecot over laver, 82, 262. 

Dragon killed by St. George, 116; 
by St. Michael, 115 ; overcome by 
St. Margaret, 120, 291. 

Dragons at feet of Paschal, 10 ; on 
shrine-cover, 5. 

Drake, Eboracum, 303W. 

Drawing room, 160. 

Drax, Will., 118, 291 



INDEX. 



32 1 



Dresser window, Si, 82, 87, 259, 

269*. 

Dried fruit s, 284. 

Prink ;tt Maundy, 7S, 70, 256. 

Du Cange, Lexicon, 230, 260, 262*, 

281, 282, 315, 343. 
Dudley, arms of, 169. 
Dugdale, Church Notes, 290 ; 

Monasticon, 194, 196, 216, 256 ; 

notes by, 255. 
Dumium (close to Braga), 130. 
Dunath, Peter of, bishop of Connor, 

•55- 
Dunbar, fight at, 14, 58, 163, 206. 
Dunblane, bishops, see Clement, 

Praebenda. 

Dun Cow, monument of, 74, 254. 

Dun Cow Lane, 288. 

Duncan, king of Scots, 21*. 

Dtinelm, Rob. de, 167. 

Dunholm, 66, 71, 74. 

Dunkeld, bishop of, 148. 

Dunkeld, bishops of, see Richard, 
William. 

Dunstan, St., 127, 130. 

Durandus, Rationale of, 291. 

Durham, Abbey church of, founded, 
67, 72 ; Anglo-Saxon poem on site 
of, 197 ; Antiquities of, 23 ; Arch- 
deacons of, 67, 72, 188*, 210 ; (or 
Neville's Cross) battle of, x, 18, 19, 
2 3- 2 5. 27-29. 58, 210, 214, 218, 244 ; 
authorities on, 215 ; bishops of, 
ix ; Counts Palatine, 210 ; great 
benefactors, 58 ; installed in stone 
chair, 56, 243 ; latterly buried 
within the church, 57-59 ; lists of, 
xviii ; rite of burying, 57, 243 ; 
tract on, xii ; visitations of, 56 ; 
see Aldhune, Barbara, Beaumont, 
Beck, Bury, Carilef, Cosin, Crewe, 
Eadmundus, Eadredus, Egelwyn, 
Farnham, Flambard, Fordham, 
Fox, Gaufridus, Hatfield, Insula, 
James, Kellow, Kirkham, Langley, 
Lightfoot, Maltby, Marisco, "Mat- 
thew, Morton, Moule, Pictavia, 
Pilkington, Poor, Pudsey, Robert 
(de Insula), Ruthall, Sherwood, 
Skirlaw, Stichell, Tunstall, Van 
Mildert, Walcher ; castle of, 141, 
see Castle ; Cathedral, arms of, 
xiii ; Cathedral Library, see Lib- 
rary ; Mr. Brimley's music at, 
231 ; present order of procession 
in, 200 ; Church of, records of, 21 ; 
City of, 27 ; Civil Incorporation of, 
308 ; College of, 260 ; coming of 
monks tii, 24S ; County of, des- 
cription of, xviii ; Dean of, has 
Kit-hand stall, 211 ; Deans of, see 



Home, Hunt, Kitchin, Matthew, 
Whitehead, Whittingham ; Dean 
and Chapter of, xiv, 27S; Dean and 
Prebendaries of, 260 ; diocese of, 
123 ; Episcopal Library, see 
Cosin's ; livery men of, xix ; 
Mayor of, 167 ; OKI English poem 
on, 234; Priors, see Absolon, Auck- 
land. Bell, Berrington, Castell, 
Derlington, Ebchester, Fossor, 
German, Hemmingburgh, Hoton, 
John, Melsonby, Turgot, Wes- 
sington, Whitehead ; processional 
crosses at, 201 ; rere-dorter at, 
266, 267 ; St. Cuthbert translated 
to, 131 ; St. Oswald's proces- 
sional cross at, 201 ; See of, arms 
of, 255 ; site of, described, 143. 

Durham, University of, arms of, 227 ; 
a lecture-room of, 233 ; Library 
of, 198 ; Museum of, 233. 

Durham, verses on, 169 ; visit of St. 
Ethelwold to, 130, 293 ; visitation 
at, 102. 

Durham Account Rolls, Notes, 
passim ; Arch. Soc. Trans., 197, 
227, 230*, 232*, 233, 238, 241, 243*, 
253, 274 ; Breviary, \%\n. ; Calen- 
dars, 240* ; Chapter MS., xix«., 
230 ; Churchwardens' Accounts, 
207, 208 ; College, in Oxford, 239 ; 
Depositions, 231 ; Miscellaneous 
Charters, 209, 256 ; Missal, 251 ; 
Obituary Rolls, 209, 219, 222 ; 
Wills and Inventories, Notes, 
passim. 

Durham and Beverley sanctuaries, 
226, 227. 

Dust, kept out of hoi}' water, 41. 

Dymna, 133. 

Eadbertus, S., 50?/., 132, 139. 
Eadfridus, S., 140, 248. 
Eadmundus, bishop of Durham, 54, 

55. '43. 240, 243*. 
Eadred, abbot of Carlisle, 64, 69, 

247. 
Eadredus, bishop of Durham, 54, 

240, 243. 
Eagle on book ot St. John Ev., 113. 
E.agles on lecterns, 14, 206. 
Ealdhune, see Aldhune. 
Eardulph, bishop of Lindisfarne, 

64*, 69, 142, 247. 
Fail excommunicated, story of, 129. 
Easby, see Agatha's, St. 
East Angles, 129. 
East gates, 84, 263. 
East Saxons, 129*, 133, 142. 
Easter, feast of, 17, 209, 276. 
Easter, see Paschal. 



322 



INDEX. 



Easter controversy, 128. 
Easter Da} 1 , 12, 95, 203, 205. 
Easter Even, ceremonial of, j 87—191 , 

201, 203. 
Eata, abbot of Melrose and Lindis- 
farne, afterwards bishop of Hex- 
ham and Lindisfarne, 64, 131*, 

136, 142, 285, 293 ; in mass vest- 
ments, 48, 

Ebba, St., 1 18, 291. 

Ebchester, Rob., prior, 30, 53, 219 ; 

Will., prior, 30, 53, 123, 219. 
Ebdon, The, 298. 
Ebor., Eboracum, see Breviary, 

Missal, Processional, York. 
Ecgfrith (Egfridus), king', 127, 131, 

Eegredus, bishop of Lindisfarne, 

gifts of, 142. 
Edgar, king, 130. 

Edgar, king of Scotland, 20, 21, 139. 
Edinburgh, 24*, 203, 215. 
Edlingham, 219, 290. 
Edmund, St., archbishop or "bishop" 

of Canterbury, 109, 121, 291 ; in 

mass vestments, 48. 
Edmundus frater Ethelstani, Rex, 

137, 294* ; see Eadnuindus. 
Edred, king, 130. 

Edredus abbas, 142. 
Edui (district of Autun), 133. 
Edward the Elder, king, 137. 
Edward the Confessor, St., body of, 

284 ; shrine of, 196, 197. 
Edward I, 20, 21, 284 ; II, 20, 21 ; 

III, 20, 21, 214; VI, 69, 108, 231, 

239, 288 ; Injunctions of, 201 ; 

VII, .97- 
Effigy called Hobb of l'elaw, 301. 
Effrem, 135. 
Egdunensis, 152, 295. 
Egelwvn (or Ethehvin), bishop of 

Durham, 56, 242. 
Egerton, arms of, 159. 
Egfridus, king ; see Ecgfrith. 
Egfridus, S., 50;/. 
Eggleston-on-Tees, 261. 
Egidius, S., 134. 
Egwinus, S., 131. 
Egypt, 293 ; flight into, represented 

in glass, 50, 236. 
Egyptians, the light of the, 126. 
Eider ducks, 198. 

Eleanor, queen of England, 21*, 22. 
Eldulphus (iEthewulf), king, 136. 
Element, colour of, 40. 
Elements, consecrated, buried with 

the dead, 238. 
Elemosinarii gromus, 146. 
Elemosinarius, 145. 
Elephant tooth, 94, 276. 



Elfride, king, 50, 236. 

Elfridus, a priest, 46, 234. 

Elim (helym), 182. 

Elinor (Helena), St., 122, 292. 

Elison, Edm., 146. 

Elizabeth, queen, 59, 161, 162, 217, 

23 '. 239. 
Ellacombe, Church Bells of Devon, 

2 79- 
Ellis and Brand, Popular Antiquities, 

255. 287. 

Elmden, Mr., 60, 246. 

Elmeden, Leon., 144. 

Elphegus, see Alphege. 

Elstob, arms of, 255. 

Eltham, 157, 243. 

Elvet, 104 ; the part of the city of 
Durham that lies on the left bank 
of the river eastward ; bridge of, 
141 ; do., and chapels thereon, 
73- 253. 

Ely (Hely), 130, 259, 282. 

Ely, bishops of, see Eustace, Nor- 
wold, Oxford, Thirlby ; Galilee 
at, 230 ; Gent hall at, 271 ; 
" Helle " at, 271 ; infirmary at, 
271* ; liveries at, 247. 

Embroidery on St. Cuthbert's ban- 
ner, 26, 95, 277. 

Emerald, the great, 102, 284. 

Emperors, names of, 125. 

Enaghdun, bishop of, see Thomas. 

Enamelled work, 41. 

Enarration of ceremonies, 106. 

Enerration, 106 ; narration. 

English lives of St. Cuthbert, 35, 
223. 

Enhegdunensis. 158, 295. 

Entertainment, in guest hall, 89. 

Entry, to porch and stable of 
Almery, 91. 

Epiphanius, S., 132. 

Epistle, 8, 13, 205. 

Epistle and Gospel sung from same 
lectern, 205. 

Epistoler, 8*, 9, 199, 302. 

Epistoler and Gospeller abolished, 
199. 

Eraclius Rex Bulgarorum, 126. 

Ercomwaldus, S., 130. 

Ergadiensis, 152, 295. 

Eslier work, 288. 

Escutcheons, see Scutcheons. 

Essen, candlestick at, 202. 

Etheldreda, St., 282. 

" Etheldredus " (Eadredus), bishop 
of Durham, 243. 

Ethelred of Rievaulx, 215. 

Ethelredus Rex Merciorum, 125. 

Ethel wald, king, 129. 

Ethelwin, bishop ; see Egelwyn. 



INDEX. 



Bthelwold, St., bishop of Lindis- 
farne, 50, 130, 140, 234, 24S, 293. 

Euagi ins, S., 134. 

Eucherius, S., 129. 

Eugenius III, pope, 125. 

Eugippus, S., 135. 

Eure, arms of, 255. 

Eusebian Canons, 248. 

Eustace, bishop of Ely, 230. 

Eutropius, S., 129. 

Evangelists, " pictures " of, at foot 
of Paschal, 10 ; on Neville's Cross, 

-7- -''7- 
Evangelistic symbols at corners of 

tomb, 60 ; on St. Cuthbert's coffin, 

285 ; on processional crosses, 201. 
Evensong, vespers, 63, 94, 231, 268, 

276 ; at 3 p.m., 87. 
Evensong time, 83, 87. 
Everdon, Silv. de, bishop of Carlisle, 

151. '5-'- 
Evesham, book of, 177/*., 257, 269, 

274, 279 ; charnel at, 246 ; Maundy 

at, 256, 257 ; servants at, 283. 
Evidence, records of, 78. 
Evidences, books of, 304 ; do., kept, 

83, 84*, 263. 
Ewer like unto a horse and rider, 

81. 
Exaltation of the Holy Cross, 283. 
Exchequer, an office or business 

room, 84, 263. 
Exeter, bishops, see Brantyngham, 

Cuiivil ; morning prayers at, 265. 
Exorcism of palms, 180. 
Expenses of work, 99. 

Fabric, Indulgences for, 148. 

Fabricius, Biblioth. Eccl., 234. 

Fadowmed, 120, 291. 

Fairford, windows at, 289. 

Falderley, Tho., 146. 

Falle, Preb. Ph., 159, 272. 

Fallow, on chalices, 239. 

Fannels, 10, 201 ; see Stooles. 

Fanon, 221 ; see Phannell. 

Farmery or Fermery, infirmary, 51, 
52, 85, 88, 89, 91, 170, 237*, 259, 
260, 268, 270', 355 ; master of, his 
chamber, 89, 270 ; officers' cham- 
bers in, 99, 100 ; passage to, 270, 
303. There is a view of the west 
side, as in 1801, in Carter, PI. iii. 

Farmery, between the two Baileys, 
or, without the south gates, 91, 92, 
237, 273, 274 ; chapel of, 92. 

Farmery school, 91*, 92. 

Farmery fare satirized, 271. 

Parn, Tho., 144, 147. 

Fame Islands, 118, 131, 149, 198. 



Parnham, Nich. de, bishop, 55, 148, 

241, 243, 252* ; said to have 

arched over the nave, 73, 252. 

Farrar, Dr. A. S., 159, 296 ; dean 
F. W., account of painted glass at 
Canterbury by, 202. 

Fast, on St. Mark's day, 104, 287. 

Fasti Eboracenses, 215. 

Fasting and prayer, 101, 283. 

Father Smith, see Smith, Bern. 

Faustus, S., 130. 

Fawden yettes, fawlden yeattes, 
93, 99, 275, 281 ; see Folden. 

Feasey, H. J., Holy Week Cere- 
monial, 255, 346, 354. 

Feet, washing of, 77, 78, 79. 

Feodarium, 294. 

Feretory, feretor, fereture, feiriture, 
feirture, (1) a feretory proper or 
portable shrine, 63, 69, 247 ; (2) 
the same, with the substructure 
and the cover, together called 
" the shrine," 67, 78, 94, 96, 250, 
2 76 ; (3) the enclosure within the 
Nine Altars, where the shrine 
stood, 3*, 5, 7*, 19, 26, 35, 74, 94, 
95, 196, 198, 302 ; banners set up 
in, 95 ; chest in, for pipes of 
banner-staff, 26 ; clerk of, 78, 94, 
96*, 276 ; a light, 63, 247 ; master 
and keeper of, 94, 96, 275, 276. 

Feretrars' Rolls, 276, 288. 

Ferial days, procession on, 186, 187. 

Fermery, see Farmery. 

Fides, St., 1 13, 1 14. 

Figs, 101, 2S3, 2S4 ; do., and raisins, 
89. 

rinanus, S., bishop of Lindisfarne, 
129, 133, 142. 

Finchale, hermitage at, 252 ; inven- 
tory of goods of, 197 ; MS. that 
formerly belonged to, 197 ; Priors 
of, see Stichell ; Priory of, 73, 
149, 252 ; Surtees volume on, 252, 

253- 
Findon, 214. 
Finney, Dr. Ja., 159. 
Fire, blessing of, 185, 186, 187, 201 ; 

in Common House, 88, 101, 270 ; 

not allowed in Dorter, 51 ; signs 

of, in Cathedral, 206 ; struck from 

flint, etc., 185, 201. 
Fire-place, 218 ; to the examples 

given in the note, may be added 

vestry fire-places at Hulne {Arcli. 

Journal, xlvii, 116) and at St. 

Peter Mancroft, Norwich {.\\>rf. 

and Norw. Arch. Soc., xiv) ; in 

south transept] 279. 

Fire-places, 194, 218. 
Firmarius, 145. 



324 



INDEX. 



Fish, 259. 

Flackets, 201. 

Flambard, Ra., bishop, 55, 228, 241, 
250, 251, 252 ; furthered the 
building of the church, 73, 141 ; 
said to have made a Dun Cow 
74, 254 ; statue of, 93. 

Flanders, builders from, 25. 

Flashe, 28, 217. 

Flass Bog-, street, and well, 217*. 

Flemyng, Alan, brass of, 320. 

Flesh meat, 259. 

Fleury (Floriacum), 130 ; the O's at, 
283. 

Flight into Egypt, 50, 236. 

Flint, etc., fire produced from, 185, 
201. 

Flodden field, 95M., 277. 

Floor-piscina, 230. 

Florenc, Joh., 145. 

Floriacum (Fleury), 130. 

Flour for obleys, 278. 

Flowers, distribution of, 181. 

Flowers of silk and gold, 26. 

Flowers, 1 1 ; branches of the Paschal 
candlestick probably terminating 
in representations of flowers. Cf. 
p. 202, last note. Also Test. 
Ebor., vi, 97, " a great candle- 
stick of latten with xv floures 
or lightes thereto belonginge 
(1540), and Test. Ebor., v, 128, 
quoted in N.E. D. under Flower, 
5. e. 

Flower-beds, ornamental, 289. 

Flower de luces, 15. 

Flushing of privies, 266. 

Folden gates, 99, 281. 

Folding door, 37. 

Font destroyed, 163, 206; in Galilee, 

4 6 ' 2 35- 

Footboard, 257. 

For, 79 ; Durham for Fore. 

Forcer, see Fossour. 

Fordham, Joh., bishop, 213 (but it 
does not appear that the bishop 
of Durham confirmed the use of 
the mitre, etc.). 

Fordun, Scotichronicon, 215. 

Fore hammer, 102, 284. 

Fore part, 33, 40, 221 ; see Former 
part. 

Forester, 145. 

Form or seat, long, between Rood 
doors, 34, 114, 221, 290 ; long, for 
Maundy, 77, 78, 256, 257. 

Forme, Fourme, 77, 256 ; with 
" form " in the sense of a long 
seat, the N.E.D. compares the 
Old French s'asseoir en forme, to 
sit in a row or in fixed order. 



Forms in quire, 175, 191; prostration 
over, 175 ; long, for children in 
Song-school, 62. 

Former part, 20, 212; see Fore part. 

Forster, Joh., 162, 164, 298. 

Forth, river, 138. 

Fosbrooke, British Monachism, 271. 

Fossour, John, Prior, 23, 29, 165, 
166, 214, 215, 227, 239, 300 ; body 
of, found, 218 ; first prior buried 
out of Centory garth, 53 ; works 
of, in the Church, 218. 

Foster, Ja., 146 ; Tho., 146 ; Will., 
100, 206. 

Fothergill, Dr., 170. 

Foundation stones, 55, 56, 67, 72, 
241, 242. 

Founders, prayers for, 98*. 

Fountains abbey, founded by Thurs- 
tan, 128 ; frater pulpit at, 260 ; 
infirmary at, 271 ; indications of 
canopy at, 226 ; lavatory at, 261 ; 
lockers at, 195 ; Nine Altars at, 
193 ; perpent walls at, 195 ; pro- 
cessional stones at, 303 ; screens 
and parclose at, 195. 

Fountains in garden, 160, 297. 

Foursquare plank for Paschal, 10, 
202. 

Fowler, C. Hodgson, 296 ; James, 
on Tree of Jesse, 228 ; J. T., 
Durham Cathedral, 227 ; Will., 
engraving of glass by, 290. 

Fox and geese, game of, 277. 

Fox, Ric, bishop, 199, 259 ; of 
Winchester, 193. 

Foxe, Acts and Monuments, 246. 

Frame, iron, for cressets, 3, 195. 

Framwellgate, 104; the part of the 
city of Durham that lies on the 
left bank of the river westward ; 
bridge of, 141 ; bridge end, 61. 

France, Bishop Beaumont's arms of, 
15 ; blood royal of, 15 ; builders 
from, 25 ; great O pittances in, 
270 ; king and queen of, 133, 134 ; 
mode of ringing in, 224. 

Franche (free), 198, see French peir. 

Franciscans, 267. 

Franciscus, S., 130. 

Frankfort, 239. 

Frater-house or Frater, 4, 79-82, 
86, 87*, 170, 197, 257-260, 268, 303 ; 
door from, to Covey, 274 ; keys 
of, 94 ; master of, 93 ; plate in, 
259 ; reading desk in, 82, 260 ; 
subsidiary, 268 ; vaulting under, 
259, 260. The identification of the 
base of the frater pulpit, p. 260, 
is hardly confirmed by subsequent 
examination of the place. — Ed. 



INDKX. 



325 



F rater house door, xx, 71)*, q^, j(>j, 

269. 
Fraterer, the keeper of the frater, 

-75- 
" Freanche woman,'' 26, 217. 
Freestone tombstones, 60. 
Freeman, K. A., Norman Conquest, 

341 ; Old English History, 227 ; 

William Rufus, 241, 242. 
Freezing of water-pipe, 261. 
Frelige,' 42, 227. 
French peir, 5, 7, 8, 198. 
French Peere, doors in, 302 ; see 

Freanche. 
Friars, 290. 
Friday night, Jesus anthem on, 34, 

220, 221. 
Fridays, Jesus mass on, 32, 34, 220, 

221. 
Frideswide, St., shrine of, 196. 
Fringe, gold, 13 ; red silk and gold, 

of banner, 20. 
Frock, a garment worn under the 

Cowl, q.v., 97, 277. 
Front, 1*, 193. 
Frontals, 171*. 
Frontispiece, 6; the Neville screen. 

See Front. 
pronto, S., 130. 
Frosterley marble, 222, 241. 
Fruits, dried, 284. 
Fuel, 283. 
Fulda, 127. 
Fulgentius, S., 131. 
Fuller, Tho., on dean Home, 240; 

on Toby Matthew, 256. 
Fullon, 137, 294. 
Fulthorp, arms of, 255. 
Funerals, 51, 32, 237; of bishops, 
, 37- 243, 244. ' 
Furness, cresset at, 195. 
Furniture, of Our Lady's Altar, 44. 
Furthe, Durham for "forth," 33, 36. 
Fyshake (gromus), 146, 294. 

G. (Gale), R., 161*, 165, 168. 
Gabriel, the Angel, 111*, 117, 122, 

285 ; salutation o\\ 47. 
Gainford, 142. 
Gale, Rog., jun., 161, 297 ; Sam., 

297 ; Tho., dean of York, 297. 
Galgala, 229. 
Galilee, 42, 229. (For "person of 

greatest dignity," p. 229, read, 

" celebrant " 1. 
Galilee, 38*, 42-51, 73, 96, 103*, 

I36, 141, 152, 153, K.I, 194, 223, 
22.S, 228-238, 263, 2<S(), 298; 

almsbox in, 233 ; aumbries in, 
193 ; begun at east end, 43, 229 ; 
columns in, 220, 21,2 ; indulgence 



for, 131 ; inscription in, 252; 

inscriptions formerly in, 230 ; 
naming of, 43, 22.S; organ in, 207 ; 
paintings in, 2^x A : procession in, 
,?03, 3°.V'"- ; pulley in, 233 ; 
sermon in, 39, 46, 224 ; synod in, 
210 ; well-house of, 232 ; work of 
Bishop Langley in, 49 ; why so 
called, 43, 229 ; why at west end, 
43, 229; windows in, 47-51, 235- 

^37- 
Galilee bell, 41, 165, 166*, 227; 

bells, 34, 222; door, 39, 41, 42; 

door, north, in end of church, 1 10; 

door, south, in end of church, 1 1 1 ; 

steeple, 38, 39, 165, 166. 
Galilees, monastic, 230. 
Gallery, the bishop's throne, 210; 

modern, 209 ; outside steeple, 93 ; 

stone, oi window, 31 ; within 

steeple, 92. 
Galloway, bishop of, 148 ; bishops 

of, see Daltown, Gilbert, Henry. 
Galwathia, 148, 295. 
Games, indoor, 277. 
Garden of Common House, 88, 270. 
Gardener (ortulanus), 146. 
Gardens, 160, 296, 297. 
Garderobes, 296, 297. 
Gargrave, Sir Tho., 294. 
Garhc, 283. 
Garmundisway, 137. 
Garner, 160. 
Garners, keeper or master of, 100, 

281, 282 : his chamber, 100 ; 

checker, ib. 
Gasquet, F. A., Henry VIII, etc., 

284. 
Gate of church garth, 37 ; at Windy 

Gap, 288. 
Gateshead, 55, 163, 243 ; bishop 

Walcher slain at, 140. 
Gaufridus Rufus, bishop, 55, 241, 

252. 
Gavanti, Comment, in Rubricas 

Breviarii, 268. 
Gedworth (Jedburgh), 142. 
Generosi, liveries o\\ 144, 147. 
Geneva, Puritans at, 169, 216, 217. 
Geneva Gang, 169. 
Genoa, Rede honoured at, 234. 
Gent Hall, at Ely, 271. 
Gentlemen buried in Centry garth, 

59 ; four ancient, bearing canopy, 

13, 205 ; sent their evidences to 

the Treasury, S4 ; the Prior's, 

90. 
Gentlewomen, their pew, and their 

misbehaviour therein, 18, 201). 

Geometrical tracery, 231. 
George I, xiii. 



326 INDEX. 



George, St., 1 10, 116; arms of, 116, 

290. 
Gerard, Sir Gilbert, xiii. 
German, prior, 255. 
Germainis, S., 129, 131. 
Gerona (Gerunda), 130. 
Gerunda (Gerona), 130. 
Gesta Abbatum S. Albani, 269. 
Giant's Carole, 262. 
Gilbert, bishop of Galloway, 151*, 

Gilding, 2, 5, 17, 20, 195 ; of mazers, 
80, 81 ; under open carved work, 
80 ; and painting of image of 
St. Cuthbert, 68 ; and colour in 
wall-paintings, 80. 

Giles (Egidius), St., 112, 134, 290. 

Giles, St., church of, 231. 

Gilesgate, 227, 274. 

Gimmers, 30, 33. 

Girdle, of albe, 221 ; for banner, 96, 
277. 

Giruense monasterium (Jarrow), 
136. 

Gisborne, Mr., 159. 

Gisla Saga, 237. 

Glasgow, 132 ; bishop ot\ 148 ; 
bishops of, see Bondington, Ken- 
tigern ; bishops of, rural palace of, 

Glazing in north alley of cloister, 83, 

262. 
Glass, description of histories in, 

211 ; use of, first introduced, 135 ; 

white, 262 ; with imagery, broken, 

47- 

Glass, a, for the viewers, 106. 

Glastonbury, 130. 

Globe in hand of God represented 
in glass, 47, 1 14. 

Gloss, interlinear, 24S. 

Gloucester, bishop Edmund trans- 
lated from, 55, 243. 

Gloucester, bishops of, see War- 
burton ; carrels at, 262 ; chime at, 
225 ; College of, in Oxford, 278 ; 
fox and geese at, 277 ; infirmary 
at, 271 ; lavatory at, 261, 262 ; no 
great shrine at, 196 ; relic- 
cupboard at, 193 ; towel-ambries 
at, 262. 

Gloves for baking obleys, 279. 

God Almighty, pictures of, 47, 112, 
114, 1)6, 121, 122*; with Christ in 
His arms, 122. 

God the Father, image of, 219; 
picture of, 110, 290 ; with Christ 
in His arms, 1 14. 

Godric, St., 73, 252, 253. 

Godfridus, S., 50. 



Godwin, Catalogue of Bishops, 240, 

3-*°, 347- 

Gold, cloth ot, cope of, 105, 106 ; 
lions of, on robe, 106* ; met wand 
of, 102, 285 ; offered, 94, 276 ; 
processional cross and staff of, 
105 ; and precious stones on book 
cover, 65, 70, 248, 249. 

Goldsmith, 102, 284. 

Goldsmith's work, 9, 10, 200. 

Good Friday, 11, 12, 30, 204, 205, 
219. 

Googe, Barnabe, 287. 

Gospatricus comes, 239. 

Gospel, 8, 13, 205 ; exposition of, 
207 ; lights at, 182 ; reading of, 
179, 182 ; of St. John, St. Culh- 
bert's copy of, 250. 

Gospels, book ot, laid on great 
Altar, 73 ; book of, that fell into 
the sea, 65, 67, 70, 73, 248, 249, 
250 ; how and when sung in Holy 
Week, 204 ; Lindisfarne, 248 ; 
text of, censed, 182. 

Gospel ambo, 202 ; desk, censed, 

^ 179, 182. 

Gospeller, 8*, 9, 199, 302. 

Gostling, walk in Canterbury, 3037/. 

Gough, R., ed. of Camden, 303^. 

Gough MSS., xii, 161, 278. 

Grace said, 82, 93. 

Grace cup, 80, 258. 

Gracianus de Tuscia, 135. 

Gradus pavimenti, 182, 187. 

Grail, the Gradual or book of 
anliphons sung at the steps of the 
altar, between the Epistle and 
Gospel ; used in teaching of 
children, 231. 

Grammar school, Langley's, 44 ; 
the present, 233, 246. 

Granator, see Garners. 

Granarius (gromus), 146. 

Granary, 159. 

Grancolas, Comment, in Romanian 
Breviarium, 238, 279. 

Granetarius, see Garners. 

Grant, Old and New Edinburgh, 

_ -'5- 

Grantham, crypt at, 246. 
Grassplal, 270. 
Grate, 42, 227 ; an iron grille or 

railing; of prison of S. J. B. , 113; 

of prison of St. Katherine, 119; 

of Sanctuary, 41, 42, 226, 227. 
Grates of Neville porch, 40, 226, 

337 ; to relic-cupboards, 193. 
Graves, making of, 52, 239. 
Grave-covers, earl) - , 246, 274. 
Gravestones, removed to Abbey 



INDEX. 



327 



yard, 62, 246 ; taken from Centry 

garth, 61, 24b. 
Gray, Dr. Rd., 160 ; Tho., 284 ; see 

Grey. 
Graystanes, Rob. de, 242, 252, 269, 

297. 
Great, 83, grate. 
Great cellar, 265. 
Great or more kirk, 66, 67, 72, 249*, 

-'50, 251. 
Greatham hospital, 55, 78, 166, 

marg., 225, 256, 304. 
Greece, 87, 269 ; to Cellarer's 

checker, 99, 281 ; to Dean's hall, 

99, 284 ; see Grees. 
Greece foot, 87, 269. 
Greeces to Ahnery, 91, 273. 
Greeke, Mr., xix«. 
Green church, 228. 
Green cloth on table, 84*. 
Green, Mr., 97, 278. 
Greenfield, Will., archbishop of 

York, 157*. 
Greenwell, Rev. W., xxi, 2^2, 290 ; 

Durham Cathedral, Notes, passim ; 

notes formerly in possession of, 

207. 
Greenwich, 231. 
Grees, 10, 202. 

Greggs, Joh., 298 ; Will., 162, 298. 
Gregory, the Great, St., 16, 112, 

1 15, 120. 124, 287. 
Gregory VII (Hildebrand), pope, 

7-> ' 2 .v 
Gregory Nazianzen, 133. 
Grey, Hon. Anchitel, 160, 297. 
Grey, Walter, archbishop of York, 

148. 253. 
Greystock, arms of, 255. 
Gridiron with St. Lawrence, 119. 
Griffin's claw, i(>7, 301. 
Grigg, Will., 162, 298. 
Gromi (thirty different, liveries of), 

146, 147. 
Gromus, 146, 294. 
Gromus popinse, 294. 
Grose, Antiquities, 218, 256. 
Grosteste, Rob., bishop of Lincoln, 

148. 
Grove, Dictionary of Music, 204. 
Guest chambers, 99, 281. 
Guest hall, 89, 90, 99, 159*, 268, 272, 

273, 296, 355 ; bells east in, 166 ; 

cellarage under, 272. 
Guestmaster, 275. 

Guiding rods foi- shrine covers, 103, 
^ 2S7. '- 

Guignard, 255. 
Guilted, 2, gilded. So in Test. 

Ebor., vi, 107, "a dussen silver 



spoones with thappostles gilted of 

ther endes " ( 1540). 
Guthlaeus, S., 136. 
Guthred, king, 42, 50, 139, 227, 236, 

293- 
Gymres, 33, gimmers or hinges. 

Hackett, Rob., 194. 

1 [agerston, Rail., 144. 

Haggitt, Dr., 160. 

Halden, king of Danes, 64. 

Halistan, 149. 

Haliwerfolk, 236, 247. 

Hall, A., xviii ; John, xv ; Jonathan, 

170. 
Halliwell, Glossary, 249. 
Hallow Thursday, 105 ; Ascension 

day. 
Hallowing of holy water, 38*, 224. 
Hamilton, Geo. Hans, archdeacon 

of Northumberland, 296. 
Hampshire Record Society, 275. 
Hangings, see Curtains. 
Hansard, arms of, 255. 
Hardbrecins, 76, 254. 
Harleian, see Manuscripts. 
Harley, Lord, library of, 161. 
Harness (joints), 13, 206. 
Harold, king of England, 20, 21. 
Harpsfield, Nic, Hist. Eccl. Angl., 

284, 286. 
Harrison, John, 166. 
Harswell, xi. 

Hart, wild, legend of, 24, 215. 
Hartburne, Sir Rob., 91, 92, 274. 
Hart well, Dr., 160. 
Harvy, Dr., 69, 108, 251, 288. 
Haslerigge, Sir Arth., 14, 206. 
Hasta, bearer of, 185, 187 ; candles 

on, 186, 20}. 
Haswell, 252'. 

Hatfield (Yks.), crypt at, 246. 
Hatfield, Tho. tie, bishop, 19, 59, 

210, 211, 214, 215, 243, 245, 277, 

291 ; arms of, 19, 211 ; tomb of, 19, 

210, 211* ; do., arms on, 255. 
Halhbrande, prior of Canterbury, 

270. 
Haugh, 279. 

Haugustald. (Hexham), 127, 131. 
Hay, 281. 
Head of St. Aidan, 288; of St. 

Ceolwulf, 126 ; of St. Oswald, 49, 

236. 
Headon, 341 . 

Hearne's Collections, 289, 297. 
Heart-burial, 242. 
Hebdomadarius, 185, 187. 
Hegg, Stephen, Legend of St. 

Cuthbert, ix, 200, 249. 



!28 



INDEX. 



Helena, St. (miscalled Elinor), 122, 

292 ; altar of, 292 ; chapel of, 122, 

222, 263. 
Helenns, S., 129. 
Helinandus, 136. 
Heliopolis, 129. 
Hell, chamber called, 271. 
Hell-shoon, 237. 
Helmet, crowned, of bishop Lang- 

ley, 1 19. 
Hemingburgh, 137, 195. 
Hemmingbrough, John, prior, 30, 

S3, i66«., 219. 
Hendle or Henley, Dr., 102*, 103, 

284. 
Henry, bishop of Galloway, 153, 

154- 

Henry I, 21, 22, 138 ; II, 20, 21, 241 ; 
III,' 21*, 161, 243, 289 ; IV, V, 20, 
21 ; VI, xviii, 49, 123, 212, 236; 
his pilgrimage to Durham, 122, 
292 ; VII, 222 ; VIII, 39, 95, 102, 
103, 224, 231, 233, 251. 

Henshaw, Will., 299. 

Hensman, W., xv, 

Henwick Hill, 261. 

Her, said of a bell, 165. 

Heraclides, S., 131. 

Herald and Genealogist, 290, 291. 

Heralds' College, drawing at, 206 ; 
Dugdale's notes at, 255, 290. 

Herbs in lieu of spices, 283. 

Herculianns, S., 129. 

Hereford, candlestick at, 202 ; fire- 
place at, 218. 

Hemes (harness), 13, 206. 

Herod, pursuit by, 50, 236. 

Heron, arms of, 255. 

Herrings at Maundy, 78, 79. 

Heseltine, Ja., 298. 

Hessett, pix-cloth at, 199. 

Heugh, 279. 

Hexham (Augustald., Haugustald.), 
127, 131, 149; bishops of, ix, see 
Eata ; lavatory at, 261 ; relics of 
St. Eata at, 142. 

Heywood, dean of Lichfield, 220. 

Higden, Ralph, 293. 

" High Altar," use of term, 196. 

High Mass, 276, 280. 

Hii (lona), 132, 133, 141. 

Hildebert, king, 133. 

Hildebrandus, pope, 125. 

Hildefonsus, S., 128. 

Hillarius, S., 127. 

Hilton, arms of, 255. 

Hind at feet of St. Giles, 112, 290. 

Hing, Durham for "hang." 

Hingeston-Randolph, F. C, 2S2. 

Hispala (Seville), 127. 



Historia Aurea, 130, 134, 293. 
Historia de S. Cuthberto, 227 ; 
Monasterii S. Petri Gloucestr., 

. 22 5- . 
Historise Recapitulatio, 227. 

Histories, in Glass Windows, 109- 

122, 288-292. 

History, the Antient, 7, 45, 198, 233, 

3°4- 

History of the church, 106, 288, 304*. 

History of the church at large, 4, 6, 
57. 5 8 >.'97. -44. 288, 304; of the 
monastical church, 49, 236, 304. 

Hob of Pelaw, or, Hobby Pellel, 
169, 301. 

Hodgson, J. F., 253. 

Hog'g, John, and T. J., x. 

Hogshead of wine in Common- 
house, 101. 

Hogsheads of wine, 99, 281. 

Holland, Hugo, 144. 

Hollar, his view of interior of Ca- 
thedral, 299. 

Holm in Spaldingmore, xi. 

Holy bread, 231. 

Holy Cross, 215. 

Holy days, 98 ; and Fridays, mass 
on, 92. 

Holy Ghost overshadowing B.V.M., 
pictures of, 47, 122. 

Holy Island, xvii, 42M., 63, 64, 67, 
69*, 72, 149, 228 ; St. Peter's 
church in, 63, 69 ; see Lindis- 
farne. 

Holy men's works, S3, 263, 304. 

Holy Rood, miracle of, 24, 215 ; 
taken, 25, 215. 

Holy Rood Day, 24. 

Holyrood, abbey of, 24, 215. 

Holyrood house, 18, 19, 24, 210, 215. 

Holy Thursday, procession on, 105, 
106. 

Holy water, 172, 174, 179, 182, 213, 
231 ; bearer of, 179, 185, 187 ; 
blessing of, 172, 179, 182 ; font or 
fat of silver for, 13, 205; hallow- 
ing of, 22, 213 ; sprinkled on the 
new fire, 186, 187 ; sprinkling 
with, 172, 174, 179, 181, 182. 

Holy water stone, 35, 40, 226 ; 
protected from dust, 41. 

Holy water stones, 22, 37, 38*, 60, 
61, 62, 167, 213, 223, 224, 246; 
drains in, 61, 246; screens over, 
38, 40, 224, 226. 

Holy Week, 204, 255. 

Homors, the, 273 ; see Meist'omers. 

Honoratus, S., 127. 

Honorius, S., 128. 

Hooks tor shrine, 276. 



INDEX. 



329 



Hope, R. C, -'87 ; W. II. St. John, 
XX, xxi, 2(>o, :W), 208, 270, jS(>, 
302 ; on Fountains Abbey, over- 
print, 195*, 221, original paper, 
jj(>, 230 ; on mazers, 258 ; oi\ the 
Sunday Procession, 302. 

Hope and Fallow, on chalices, 239. 

Hopkins and Rimbault, on The 
Organ, 299. 

1 lorace, 203. 

Horn blown bv St. Oswald, 1 1 S, 



socket of, for banner, 96, 



291. 

Horn, 

-77- 
Home, Rob., dean, 288 ; broke up 
Corpus Christi shrine with his feet, 
69, 2S8 ; broke up glass pictures 
of St. Cuthbert, 77 ; converted 
lead, etc., to his own use, 68, 
75 ; an eager reformer, 54, 239 ; 
"a great villain," 169, 170; his 
hatred of ancient monuments, 

69. 77- 

Horses of deceased bishop due to 
prior and monks, 57, 244. 

Horses, provender for, 100, 281. 

Horseback, men upon, representa- 
tion of, 10. 

Horse-couper, 294. 

Horse-shoeing, and shoes, 282. 

Hospital of St. Mary Magdalene, 
280. 

Host, the blessed, conspicuous 
through crystal, 12. 

Hosts, 194, 279. 

Hostillarius, 145, 264, 272. 

Hostillar, three gromi of, 146. 

1 lostillars' rolls, 281. 

Hoton, Ric. de, prior, 277. 

Hough, le, 279. 

1 loughal, 219, 290. 

I loughton-le-Spring, 249. 

Houseling irons, 33S. 

Howden, 141, 241, 243*. 

Howdenshire, 137, 141. 

Howghells Altar, 113, 290. 

Hucher, Vitraux Peints, 202. 

1 ludspeth, Job., 145. 

Hugh, abbot of St, Albans, 269. 

Hullocke, 76. 

Hulne, courts at, 190 ; fireplace at, 

'94. 3 2 3- 

Hunredus, 65, 70. 

Hunt, dean, 162, 220. 

Hunter, Dr., xiv, xvii, xviii, xix, II, 
1O7 ; additions by, 203, jiq, 269, 
272; his editions of Rites, x\ii, 
xviii, 159m., 258*, 289; do., trans- 
positions in, 274 ; notes of dates 
by, 69-72, 251. 

Hunter MSS., x, xi, xiii, xvii. 



Hutchinson, Ric, 1(12, 164, 2<)S. 
Hutchinson, \\\, 1 1 i story of Durham, 
x, xii, [59/1.1 218, 230, 240, 253*, 

*55i J 5°> J(,() ' -'74- -75- -' Hs > 3 OI< 
Hyde Park, 201. 

Hymns Ancient and Modern, 204. 
Hymns, on Gooil Friday, 12, 204. 

Ibex, horn of, 27b, 301. 

lies, Mr., and Brien, x. 

Image, containing the blessed host, 
12, 13 ; of Our Lady oi Bolton, 
30; oi the Resurrection, 12, 13, 
205 ; of Christ, within that of Our 
Lady of Bolton, 30, 219; of stone 
or marble, of St. Cuthbert, 68, 

74. 75- 

Imbroidered, 80, 258. 

Imprisonment, 89, 271. 

Imps on bell ropes, 224. 

Incense, blessing of, 185; for censing 
candles, 174 ; Gospel book, 182 ; 
palms, 181. 

Incense-boats, 201. 

Incessanly, 52; Durham for "in- 
cessantly." 

Incest, 36 ; unchastity generally. 

Indon, 137, 294. 

Indulgences, xix, 148-158, 226, 295. 

Infangenthef, 294 ; "jurisdiction 
over a thief caught within the 
limit of the estate to which the 
right belonged." — Stubbs. 

Infirm monks, 221. 

Infirmarer, 275. 

Infirmarer s chamber, 267. 

Infirmary, monastic, plan of, 271 ; 
see Farmery. 

Infirmilorium sscularium, 273. 

Inner, 137, 294. 

I. N.R.I, over head of Christ, 1 14. 

Inscriptions beneath figures, 124 
136, 212, 292, 293; in windows, 
109-122. 

Insula, Rob. de, bishop, 55, 207, 

242» .243- 

Interdict, 46, 235. 

Introit (Office), 8, 200. 

In under (hyphened in MS. C), 34, 
62", 87, yi*, 96 ; " In and under," 
pronounced as one word " inan- 
under," is the common Durham 
equivalent of " under." 

Invention of the Holy Cross, 283. 

Inventory of chapel, xx, 171. 

Inventories of church goods, 233. 

Iona ( Hii), 132, 133, 141. 

Ireland, intended removal of body 
of St. Cuthbert to, O5, 70 ; kings 
of, 63. 



INDEX. 



Irish legend of St. Cutlibert, 247 ; 
lives of St. Cutlibert, 35, 223* ; 
names of St. Cuthbert, 76. 

Iron, loop of, 4, 6, 198 ; slots of, for 
door, 84. 

Irons, for canopy, 8, 199 ; marks 
and holes of, 199 ; offering's hung 
on, 5 ; relics hung' on, 5 ; round 
bishop Skirlawe's tomb, 18, 209 ; 
to fasten images, 19 ; to guide 
cover of St. Bede's shrine, 103, 
287 ; the, used to support banners, 
6, 198 ; towards Nine Altars, 6 ; 
two, for pix canopy, 8. 

Iron bars to hold by, 46 ; or iron- 
bound chest, 73, 252 ; churches, 
249 ; fastenings of Neville's Cross, 
27 ; grate round Hatfield's altar, 
19, 211 ; do., round Skirlawe's 
tomb, 18, 209 ; do., and door in 
Treasury, 83, 84*, 263 ; grates of 
Neville porch, 40, 226 ; pikes on 
doors, 23^ 221 > pikes on trellis, 
37 ; pulpit, 46, 235 ; rail, to Loft 
stairs, 87 ; rails in frater, 82 ; 
wands for curtains, 7, 198, 199. 

Is, Durham for "are," 116. 

Isidorus Hispalensis, S., 134, 255. 

Islets frequented by SS. Cuthbert 
and Eadbert, 132. 

Italy, sacristy altars in, 212. 

Ivory squared table, 84*, 263. 

Jacobus, S. (cognomine Sapiens), 

132. 
Jacson, Will., 146. 
Jail, chaplain of, 297. 
James, St., 110, 116, 117 ; chapel of, 

on Elvet Bridge, 253 ; hospital of, 

at Northallerton, 253. 
James I, 162*. 
James, Will., 160. 
James, Will., bishop, 243. 
Janitor, 145. 
Jarrow, 135, 136, 138, 140, 141, 149; 

monks of, 67, 72 ; St. Bede's 

bones brought from, 46, 234, 287. 
Jedburgh (Gedworth), 142. 
Jerome, St., 16, 112, 120, 124*, 229; 

his version of the Gospels, 248. 
Jerrard, Sir Gilbert, xiii. 
Jerusalem, Patriarch of, 2, 58, 156, 

244. 
Jesse window at west end of church, 

42, 228 ; in chapter-house, 56, 

243- 

Jesus, name ot, 16 ; do., crowned, 
171. 

Jesus Altar, see Altar ; anthem, 
34, 220, 221, 222 ; mass, 32, 34, 
40, 207, 220, 221, 222*; mills, 222. 



Jewels, 4, 5, 6, 10, 17, 94, 102, J03, 
106*, 284, 288 ; offered, 94, 276 ; 
taken at battle of Durham, 25 ; 
white damask beset with, 7. 

Johannes (archicantor), S., 134 ; 
S., Damascenus, 134, 292 ; S. 
(Gerund. Ep. ), 130 ; S. (monachus 
Egypcius), 135 ; Scotus, 135. 

John Baptist, St., m*, 113*, 114, 
117, 120*; Evangelist, St., 109, 
hi*, 112, 113, 114, 116, 117*; 
Gospel according to, 182 ; symbol 
of, 285 ; of Beverley, St., arch- 
bishop of York, 136; king, 20, 21 ; 
bishop of Connor, 157; prior, 171. 

Joints (of silver, in a mazer), 80, 
258. 

Jonson, Cuthb., 209. 

Jordan, the river, 120. 

Jordan, Abraham, the organ-builder, 
300. 

Joseph, husband of Mary, figure of, 
236 ; S. (monachus Egypcius), 

*34- 

Josaphat Rex Indorum, 125, 292. 
Judaizing movement in twelfth 

century, 202. 
Judas cup, 80, 258. 
Judas of the Paschal, Judases, 203. 
Julian, John, Dictionary of Hymno- 

logy, 204*. 
Justus, S., 127. 
Juvenal, 263. 

Kanutus (Cnut), king, 137. 
Karilephus, S. ; see Carilef. 
Karolomannus Rex Francorum, 

I2 S' . 

Katherine, St., 2, 3, 6, 109, 112, 113, 
115, 1 19, 195, 289, 290, 291 ; queen 
of England, 20, 21 ; wife of dean 
Whittingham, 26, 61, 62, 217. 

Katherine wheel, 195. 

Kaye Collection, British Museum, 
^2i8, 227, 252, 253, 256*, 258. 

Keith, Rob., Historical Catalogue of 
Scottish bishops, 295. 

Kellow, Ric. de, bishop, 55, 242, 
2 43 5 Register of, 253. 

Kelsey, Helias, 146. 

Kennett, White, bishop of Peter- 
borough, 297. 

Kensington, 301. 

Kentegernus, S., 132. 

Kepier, 91, 92 ; hospital of, 141. 

Kerry, St. Laurence's, Reading, 

341- 
Key of towels for each monk, 79. 
Keys delivered up at 7 a.m., 94 ; to 

the Supprior, 86 ; kept by Sup- 



INDKX. 



331 



prior, 03 ; of the shrine, 94" ; 

with St. Peter, 1 ib. 
Keyhole, concealed, Si. 
Keyne, Humfrey, 300. 
Keyser, ow Mural Decorations, 233. 
Kidwelly, xiv, xv. 
Killinghal, Wen., 144. 
Killne ; 39, 100 ; the malt kiln. 
Kiln, men of, 39. 
Kimblesworth, chapel at, 91, 9-, 

274, 21)5 ; rectory of, 274. 
Kindred or kindness regarded, 51, 

King', picture of, 122. 
King's chamber, 90, 27 J, 281. 
King's daughter, legend of, 36, 223, 

J -" s - 

King's Head, sign of, in West- 
minster Hall, xv. 

Kind's Scholars' vestry, 263. 

Kings, gifts of, to the church of St. j 
Cuthbert, 137 139; images of, at 
quire door, 137 139, ^93", nanus 
of, 125, 137; princes and queens, 
gifts of, 5, 106" ; and queens, 
pictures of, 20, 21, 212; three holy 
(English), 50, 236. 

Kingsgate, 246. 

Kirkeby, John de, bishop of Carlisle, 

'57- 
Kirkeman, Tho., 147. 
Kirkham, lavatory at, 261. 
Kirkham, Walt, de, bishop, 55, 152, 

241, 243. 
Kirkstall, rere-dorter at, 2bb. 
Kissing of feet ai Maundy, 78, 79. 

Kitchen, the great, or Prior's, now 
the Dean's, 81, 82, 170, 259, 260; 
coalgarth of, 99 ; officers' meat 
served from, qS, 99 ; served the 
guest-hall, 90 ; served both the 
Trior and the whole convent, 87*, 
268; men of the, 39 ; window of, 
92, 274. 

Kitchen, at the Castle, 239; one 
made by Stephen Marley, 91 ; of 
Petty Canons, 2bo. 

Kitchens, smaller, 2b8. 

Kitchin, G. W., dean, xxi ; his 
edition of Winchester Consuetu- 
dinary, 283 ; of Rolls, 273, 283. 

Kneis, Kneys, 34, 32, 238. 

Knight, 144. 

Knights' chamber, 281. 

Knighton quoted, 214. 

Knocker, the, 227. 

Knocking for Sanctuary, 41. 

Knops (knobs at tops of tassels) and 
tassels of gold, 8. 

Knops of — i 1 v er, 26 ; knobs at ends ot 
cross-bar of banner. 



Knoppe, 37 ; the bulbous ov poly- 
gonal projection in the middle of 

the stem of a chalice, standing 
cup, candlestick, or the like. 

Knots, 10 ; devices in metal work. 

Knots in coloured glass, 110, 111, 
113, 1 ib", 1 17, 289. 

Knowlede, 39 ; tolled. 

Knox, John, 21b. 

Kyme, arms of, 233. 

Kynaston, Dr., 29b. 

Kyrie ami Credo, composed by Mr. 

Brimley, 231. 

Ladv surprised at her devotions, 
168. 

Lady, our blessed, 47, 109"', no*, 
in*, 114*, 113, 117, 119*, 120, 
122, 283; arms of (heraldic), 1 16, 
170, 290 ; with Christ, 42, 56, 109, 
no, 112, 113, 114, 115*, 116, 117, 
228; platting her hands, 117; 
salutation to, 1 17, 1 19. 

Lady Chapel, 42, 43, 73 ; term 
wrongly applied, 193 ; usual 
place for, 229; see Galilee, Mary. 

Lambe's shop, the blacksmith, 61, 

Lamberton, \\ ill., bishop ot St. 
Andrews, 153. 

Lambertus, S., 130. 

Lambeth, and church of, 59, 245. 

Lambeth MSS., 277 ; do., Dur- 
ham MS. among, 293. 

Lambley, 149. 

Lancashire, bellfounder from, 106, 
300. 

Lancet windows, Perpendicular 
tracery in, 291. 

Lanchester, xiv. 

Landal, Will., archbishop of St. 
Andrews, 23. 

Landerers, bo; laundresses. 

Lanereost, Chron. de, 207. 

Lanfranc, St., archbishop of Canter- 
bury, 127, 233, 2b9, 273, 27S ; 

Constitutions of, 194, 237, 2(17, 
280 ; on privy search, 2bb, 207 ; 
on returning books, 263. 

Langforth, Rob., 144, 143. 

Langholm, proclamation at, 196. 

Langland, Piers Plowman, 271. 

Langley, Tho., bishop, 44 , 44"., 39, 
1 ic), 231, 244, 243, 2c>8 ; alterations 
by, in Galilee, 41) ; arms of, 44, 49, 
110, 118, 119, 232, 233; benefac- 
tions of, 75, 70, 234 ; Langley 
" built anew " the Galilee, 44, 
232* ; built a registry, 231 ; 
chantries of, 49, 230, 232 ; figures 
of, in glass, 49, no; preferments 



INDEX. 



of, 231 ; procured a privilege, 
46, 235 ; schools of, 232, 233 ; 
tomb of, 44, 252 ; will of, 232 ; 
work ot\ in the Galilee, 44, 230, 
231, 232*, 235. 

Lantern, 20-23, 30-32, 37, 109, 195, 
214, 225, 226, 300; alleys of, 1 1 1 — 
114 ; belfry in, 165, 166, 300 ; bells 
hung' in, 39 ; pictures in, 20. 

Lantern, bearer of, 185, 187 ; candle 
in, 186, 187. 

Lantren, properly, the lantern or 
central tower, but the walk from 
one end of the transept to the 
other is called " the allei of the 
Lantrene," and the south end of 
the transept is called " the south 
angle of the Lantren." 

Laodicea, bishops, see Nottingham. 

Laordose, 7, 198. 

Lapidaries, 102, 103. 

Lapide, Cornelius a, 269. 

Lapsley, County Palatine of Dur- 
ham, 254. 

L'Arbresle, 242, 243. 

Lardaria carnium, 145. 

L'Ardoise, 161. 

Lasting-ham, 50, 129. 

Lathamus, 146, 295. 

Latimer, arms of, 255. 

Latin spoken, 103. 

Latone, 171 ; latten, a kind of brass. 

Latrine in a prison, 243. 

Latrines, 296, 297 ; in Lying-house, 
271. 

Latten, 10, 171*, 203; see Latone. 

Laudocensis, 153, 295. 

Lauds, 267, 276. 

Laurence, St., 114, 119*, 127. 

Laurence the latoner, 262. 

Lavatory, xx, 185, 187 (see Laver) ; 
do., Norman, 261. 

Lavatory basin, xx, 261. 

Lavatories, monastic, 261. 

Laver or Conduit, 82, 261. 

Lawn, fine, for pix, 8, 199. 

Lawson, Sir Henry. Bart., xii ; Sir 
John, Bart., xii, xiv. 

Lawson MS., xii*, xvi. 

La)' clerks' vestry, 263. 

Layman, first to be buried within the 
church, and why admitted, 58, 
244. 

Laymen, provisions for, 221, 222. 

Lead over tomb of St. Cuthbert in 
cloisters, 68, 75 ; stars of, 19 ; 
and solder, in Neville's Cross, 27, 
28*. 

Lead covering of top of Nevilles 
Cross, 28; roof of frater, 81 ; roof 
of laver, 82, 261, 262. 



Leaden cross, 227. 

Leander, S., 127. 

Leathering-, q8, 279. 

Leaven, a, 82, eleven. 

Leaves, of doorway, ^3' 221 ; of 

organs, 16, 207 ; of triptych, 33, 

221. 
Lectern adjoining organ, 16, 207 ; 

covering for, 205 ; for Epistles 

and Gospels, 13 ; for legends, 

14 ; made in 1586, 206. 
Lecterns of brass, 13, 14, 205 ; sold, 

14. 
Lectionaries, 234. 
Lector ewangelii, 179. 
Lee, Dr., 102, 284. 
Lees, Mr., 195. 
Legenda Aurea, 195, 234*, 236, 289, 

290, 291. 
Legends, sung at eagle lectern, 14. 
Legg, Dr. J. Wickham, xx, xxi ; 

Principles of Prayer Book, 201*, 

268. 
Legg and Hope, Inventories, Notes 

passim. 
Legh, Dr., 284. 
Leicester, Guild at, 208. 
Leigh, Will., 146. 
Leland, Collectanea, 252 ; Itinerary, 

347- 
Le Mans (Cenomanum), 133 ; glass 

at, 202. 
Lent, books returned and re-issued 

in, 263 ; St. Cuthbert's day in, 79, 

81, 259 ; spices, etc., against, 101. 
Leodegarius, S., 133. 
Leonard, St., 114, 117, 133, 290, 

291, 296. 
Leonard, S., priory of, 139. 
Leonard, Mark, 167. 
Lerins (Lirinum), 130. 
Lessons, nine, or twelve, 207 ; on 

Easter Even, 188. 
Letten down, Durham for " let 

down," 96, 103. 
Lettern, see Lectern. 
Letters, gilded, 17 ; to guide singers 

of Passion, 204. 
Lewannick, cressets at, 195. 
Lewen, a burgess, 253. 
Lewes, rere-dorter at, 266. 
Lex Cuthberti, 137, 293. 
Lex pacis, 227. 
Ley, Dr., 284. 
Libellus de ortu S. Cuthberti, 223*, 

■254- 
Liber Evesham., 255 ; de Exordio, 

131, 136; de Fundacione Eccl. 

Dunelm., 126, 293* ; de Reliquiis, 

197, 276. 
Liber Vita;, 16, 195, 208, 240, 304. 



INDEX. 



333 



Liberatura Specialis, 144-147, 204, 

195. 
Liberties, etc., confirmed, 138*. 
Libraria interior, 263. 

Librarian's room, j(.k), 296. 
Library, 31, 51, 220", 238; of Dean 
ami Chapter (Cathedral), 170, 257, 

360, 263, 285, 286 ; New, 26b, 2(17 ; 

to study in, S3. 
Lichfield, 50, 129, 133; bishops of, 

see Cedda, Skirlaw ; deans, see 

Heywood ; earls of, 250 ; Jesus 

anthem at, 221. 
Lidgate, 170, 288. 
Lie, J4, 72, 83, 98 ; Durham for 

"lay." 
Lie them forth, 98 ; put them out. 
Liege, English College at, 250. 
Liv^ht at birth, usual in legends, 254. 
Lighting of church, 97 ; of cressets, 

22, 2l 3 . 

Lights, appertaining to banners, 
107, 108 ; to banish demons, 269 ; 
on festivals, 201 ; kindled, 191. 

Light foot, J. B., bishop, 300. 

Likyate, 288. 

Lily, before B.V.M., 119. 

Lily pot, with B.Y.M., 122. 

Lime, pictures appear through, 80. 

Lincoln, bishops of, see Barlow, 
Grosteste, Smyth ; black book 
of, 203 ; candle-basins at, 202 ; 
candlestick at, 202 ; Easter 
sepulchre at, 204 ; fireplace at, 
218 ; Galilee at, 230 ; Henry VI 
at, 123; Jesus mass at, 220; 
Maundy at, 236 ; perpent walls 
at, 195 ; processional stones at, 
303 ; stone with Cantate hie 
at, 206 ; Texts kissed at, 200 ; 
vestry at, 21S ; vestry altar at, 
212. 

Lincoln Diocesan Magazine, 220. 

Lincolnshire, candlesticks in, 201 ; 
Easter sepulchres in, 204. 

Lincy woncy, linsey-woolsey, linen 
and wool woven together, too, 
282. 

Lindisfarne, 49, 50*, 126, 127*, 129*, 

131*. '3 2 *. 133. «3 8 > 139*. '4°, 
142*, 248 ; bishops of, ix, 48, 54 ; 
see Eardulph. Eata, Ecgredus, 
Ethelwold, Pinanus ; mother of all 
churches and monasteries of 
Bernicii, 133 ; Priory of, 24S ; 
Priors of, see Sparke ; use of, 
140. 

Lindisfarne Gospels, 24S. 

Linen, never worn by novices or 
monks, 100, 282, 283. 

Linen pattern, 193. 



Lion, ied, under feel of Si. George, 
1 10. 

Lions, heraldic, 15. 

Lirinum ( Lerins), 130. 

Litany, chorus to bow at Saints' 
names in, cantors not, 191 ; how 
sung on Easier Even, 190 ; the 
Greater, on St. Mark's day, 287. 

Livelyhood, 34 ; liveliness. 

Liveries, 247. 

Local usages, 269. 

Lock on door of grate in Treasury, 
84 ; to door of porch of Jesus 
altar, t,3 ; to triptych, ^3. 

Locks on chests in Treasurv, 84, 
263, 264 ; on doors nfalmeries for 
towels, 79 ; of the shrine, 94* ; 10 
shrine-cover, 5, 197 ; Treasury 
door, 84, 263 ; and keys, for 
aumbries, 13. 

Locker, by St. Bede's altar, 235. 

Lockers, near Neville screen, 205. 

Lockers, see Aumbries. 

Locking of chamber door where a 
man has died, 51 ; of doors at 6 
p.m., 86, 268 ; of Rood doors, 1,2 ; 
of trellis door and of North Rood 
door, 37 ; of shrine covers, 94, 96. 

Locking up at 5 p.m., 93 ; of church, 
22. 

Locutorium, 238. 
■ Lodoneyum (Lothian), 139. 

Loft, an upper chamber or gallery ; 
the misericorde or solarium cari- 
tatis, unless otherwise described, 
81, 86, 87, 88, 93, 159, 259*, 260*, 
266, 268, 269, 275, 296 ; Covey 
under, 274. 

Loft or Almery (almonry), 91*, 92, 
273; behind Rood, 34, 219, 221; 
over quire door, 231 ; for singers 
at Jesus Mass, 34, 222 ; see 
Organs. 

Loggan, his view of Trinitv College, 
Oxford, 278. 

Loksmyth, Sand., 147. 

London, 54, 130, 150, 153, 163, 19S, 
215, 251 ; bishops of, see Bray- 
broke, Wingham ; Prior White- 
head summoned to, 239 ; ^cf 
Paul's, St. 

Long Newton, 159. 

Longley, Mr., xi ; see Langley. 

Longstaffe, \V. H. D., on Durham 
heraldry, 229, 290, 291 ; History 
of Darlington, 253. 

Looke, 59 ; a redundant exclama- 
tion. 

Loops of iron on and connected with 
shrine-cover, 4, 197. 



334 



INDKX. 



Lotarius, Imperator Romanorum, 

I2 5- 

Lothian, 139. 

Loup, 6, 198. 

Low Mass, 276. 

Litbke, Ecclesiastical Art, 202. 

Luceby, Henr. de, 211, 

Lucubalia (Carlisle), 138. 

Lucy, arms of, 255. 

Ludham, Godfr. de, archbishop of 
York, 153, 295. 

Ludlow Churchwardens' Accounts, 
204. 

Luercestre, 227. 

Lugdunum (Lyons), 128, 129. 

Lughaid, 254. 

Luke, St., commentary on, 269 ; 
symbol of, 285. 

Lumley, arms of, 255. 

Lupus, S., 132. 

Lyegaite, 105, 288. 

Lyeth waike, lithe or supple (con- 
dition of St. Cuthbert's bod}'), 63, 

2 47- 

Lying-house, 89, 266, 271. 

Lykegate, 288. 

Lyndwood, Will., bishop of St. 
David's, body of, 2S5 ; Provinciale 
by, 199, 273, 301. 

Lynynge, linen, too, 282. 

Lyons (Lugdunum), 128, 129; Coun- 
cil of, 242. 

Lyrinensis insula, 134. 

Mabillon, 208, 234. 

Mace (sceptre), golden, in hand of 

our Lady of Bolton, 1 13. 
Maces, municipal, shafts of, 277. 
Machar, St., 134, 345. 
Machvn's Diarv, Camd. Soc, 203. 
Madden, Sir F.", 248. 
Maddison, Vicars Choral, 220. 
Madonna della Pieta, 223. 
Maestricht (Trajectum ad Mosam), 

130, 132 ; cross at, 354. 
Magdalen's chapel, 91, 92, 274, 295. 
Maglorius, S., 129. 
Magna Britannia, xviii. 
Magnificat, shrine exposed during, 

94, 276. 
Maguntinensis, 126, 127; of May- 

ence (Maguncia). 
Maid's or Maiden's bower, 28, 217, 

218. 
Mail, Male, 92 ; a meal or repast. 
Malachi, St., archbishop of Armagh, 

129. 
Malcolm, king of Scots, 55, 56*, 72, 

240, 241, 242, 250. 
Malcolm (two), kings of Scots, 21*. 
Malt, 100. 



Malt corn, 100. 

Maltby, Edw., bishop, 248. 

Malt kiln, 282. 

Malton, x. 

Maltravers, arms of, 255. 

Maltster (gromus, bis), 146. 

Malwaset, malmsey, 281. 

Man, see Sodor. 

Mandatum fratrum, 257 ; novum, 
255 ; pauperum, 256, 257 ; see 
Maundy. 

Maniple, 179, 180, 182, 185, 187 ; of 
St. Cuthbert, 293. 

Manuscripts, ancient, 83, 263, 304 ; 
ancient, of Gospels, 200; Bodleian, 
293; Brit. Mus. Add., 200, 211 ; 
Cotton, 197, 208, 215, 278 ; Har- 
leian, xiv, 171-179, 203, 213, 248, 
251, 340 ; C. C. C. C, 293 ; Dur- 
ham Chapter, 197, 204, 213 ; Lam- 
beth, 277, 293 ; Mickleton, 298*, 
299 ; Neapolitan, 248 ; Randall, 
298, 299 ; Rawlinson, xi, xii, xviiiw., 
109 ; of Rites, see Introduction ; 
of Sarum missal, 204 ; Trin. Coll. 
Camb., 197 ; Univ. Coll. Oxon., 
197 ; York Minster, 197, 198, 293. 

Manutergia, 262. 

Marble, blue, chantry of, 43, 44, 
230, 231 ; laver made of, 82, 261 ; 
pillars of, for Galilee, 43, 229 ; see 
Holy-water stones. 

Marble cross, 223 ; image of St. 
Cuthbert, 74; pillars of St. Bede's 
tomb, 103 ; stone over John 
Brimley, 162 ; over grave of St. 
Cuthbert, 103, 286 ; over Mr. 
Rackett, 59 ; over bishop Tunstall, 

59- 

Marble stones from St. Bede's 
shrine, 103, 287 ; over bishops, 55, 
240-242 ; over Priors, 53 ; tomb 
of bishop Beck, 58, 244 ; do., of 
St. Bede's shrine, 103; tombstones, 
60. 

Marble substructures of shrines, 286. 

Marescalcia, 282. 

Margaret, St., of Antioch, 113, 120, 
291 ; beheaded, 120 ; bell of, 167, 
301 ; church of, 104 ; " waird " of, 
97, 279 ; the three last references 
may belong to St. Margaret of 
Scotland. 

Margaret, St., queen of Scotland, 
56, 215, 216, 242 ; cross of, 105, 
106, 216, 287; life of, 215; well 
of, 215. 

Marianus Scotus, 135. 

Maries, the three, 1 15. 

Marisco, Ric. de, bishop, 55, 241, 
243- 



INDKX. 



335 



of. 



«73i 



Mark, St., procession on day 

104, 287* ; symbol of, -S^. 
Markei Place, 288. 
Marley, Steph., 91*, 93, 159, 

275- 

Marriage in Cana, 4S. 

Marshal, 144. 

Marsilia (Marseilles), 125. 

Martene de Antiqua Disciplina, 205, 
255 ; de Ant. Keel. Ritibus, 237, 
238, 243 ; de Ant. Mon. Rit., 203, 
237, 238, 243, 255, -'70- 

Martin, St., oi Tours, 120, 121, 126. 

Martinus, S. (Dumiensis Episcopus), 
130. 

Martyrology, 270 ; Roman, 202. 

Mary, St., 1 1.6, 156 J chapel of 
(Galilee), 42, 43; church of, in 
\orth Bailey, 251, 287 ; in South 
Bailey, 298 ; (.'■alilee dedicated 
to, 42, 43, 73 ; name of, crowned, 
171; see Lady, Our. 

Mary-le-Bow, St., church of, in 
London, 251. 

Mary and John, 17, 18, iq, 25, 
34, 221 ; with Black Rood, 
210 ; in frater, 80. 

Mary the wife of Cleophas, 115. 

Mary Magdalene, St., 112, 115, 120, 
291 ; hospital o\\ 280. 

Mary I, queen, 216, 231, 239. 

Mase, 113 ; a mace. 

Maskell, Ancient Liturgy, 200*, 279. 

Mass, 98, 280, 301 ; canon of, 279 ; 
first, 97, 278 ; furniture belonging 
to, 57, 58 ; of St. Gregory, 224 ; 
the high, 2, 63, 143, 231 ; shrine 
exposed during, 94, 276 ; at 
Magdalens, 91, 92, 274 ; older 
form of, restored, 231 ; Our 
Lady's, 43, 44, 231 ; said " to " 
four old women, 92, 274 ; of St. 
Karileph, 251 ; servers at, 191 ; 
wardens of, 220. 

Masses, how distributed among the 
monks, 98, 2S0 ; undertaken, 149. 

Mass vestments, 118*; bishops 
buried in, 57, 5S. 

Master of the boys, 185, 187 ; of the 
choristers, 34 ; of the Common- 
house, 88, 270 ; of the fermery, 
89, 270 ; of the frater, 93 ; of the 
novices, 82, 84 ; of schools, 144 ; 
of the Song-school, his chamber, 
and meat, etc., 63 ; his seat, 02, 
247 ; of the Grammar-school and 
Song-school, 44. 

Masterman, Rob., 298. 

Matilda, queen of England, 20*, 21*. 

Matins, 22*, 63, 231, 268*, 276, 301 ; 
rising for, at midnight, 85, 267*. 



2S, 
18, 



Matthew, St., symbol of, 285. 
Matthew, Toby, archbishop of York, 

25b ; bishop, 23b ; dean, 78, 79, 

170, 256, 257. 

Mauclerk, bishop ol Carlisle, 148. 

Maulbronn, lavatory at, 261. 

Maundy, 77, 218, 255, 256, 257. 

Maundy benches, 25b, 237 ' ; money, 
78, 79, 256. 

Maundy Thursday, to, 77-80, 182- 
185, 202, 255 ; see Maiulatum. 

Maurelius, S., 132. 

Maurus, S., 134. 

Mawburae, Mr., xi. 

Mazer, So, 81, 258*, 250 ; black, 80, 
258 ; one to every monk, 81, 259. 

Mazers, characteristics of, 258 ; 
standing, 258. 

Meals orderly served and in due 
time, 99. 

Meat let down into lying-house, S9 ; 
served from great kitchen, 87, 
268. 

Meath, co., 254. 

Mediterranei Angli (Mercians), 133. 

Meist'omers, 273. Derivation 

unknown. Professor Willis sug- 
gests that Mcist may represent 
mattre (cf. Arbre </<• M cist re, 
mainmast), and that omers or 
humors may be for ortneaux, elms. 
— Conv. Buildings of Canterbury, 

97- 
Mele, a vessel, probably a large 

bowl, 294. 
Mellifont, lavatory at, 261. 
Mellitus, S., 127. 
Melrose, 64, 131*, 136, 140, 142, 22^, 

-47- 
Melsonby, Tho., prior, 148, 240, 241, 

242, 2~,2 ; buried with bishop 

Farnham, 73 ; miscalled Mels- 

come, 73«. ; said to have arched 

over nave, 73, 232. 
Melton, Will, de, archbishop of 

York, 158. 
Memento, 98*, 279. 
Memorandums, 21. 
Memorials of St. Giles's, 217, 274, 

280; ofRipon, 227, 256, 314. 
Mending of " cup " (socket), 277. 
Merchants, utter their wares in the 

parlour, 52. 
Merchant Taylors' School, 270. 
Mercians (Mediterranei Angli), 133. 
Merley, see Marley. 
Mersey, river, 138. 
Morton, Walter tie, bishop of 

Rochester, 154, 133. 
Met wand, 102, 285. 
Metal (earthen), 3, 193. 



336 



INDEX. 



Mettall, 3, 24, 33, 195. 

Meynill, Walt., 164. 

Michael, St., archangel, 115, 122, 

285; bell of, 166*. 
Michael, emperor of Constantinople, 

I2 5- 

Mickle kirk, 66 ; see More kirk. 

Micklethwaite, J. T., xxi, 197, 277. 

Mickleton, Ja., xv, 161, 165, 297. 

Middleham, Bishop, 154. 

Middleham, in Wensleydale, Jesus 
anthem at, 221. 

Middleham family, arms of, 255. 

Middleton, Will, de, bishop of Nor- 
wich, 155. 

Mid ffullon, 137, 294. 

Midillon, Will., 145. 

Midnight, bells at, 22 ; light at, 22 ; 
monks' chambers visited before 
and after, 93 ; service at, 63. 

Migne, Patrologia Latina, 229, 255, 
290. 

Milan, candlestick at, 202 ; cressets 
at, 195 ; lavabo at, 200 ; Lesson, 
Epistle, and Gospel at, 205. 

Mildesley, Will., 147. 

Mile-crosses, 226. 

Milkmaid, 74, 254. 

Mill Burn, 217. 

Millburngate, 217. 

Miller (g'romus), 146. 

Millets, mullets (heraldic), 119. 

Milner, Mrs., xiv. 

Minor Canon, anecdote about, 297. 

Minor Canons' houses, 355 ; vestry, 
252, 263. 

Minories, church of, 54, 239. 

Minot, Latin poem by, 215. 

Mint, 283. 

Miracle of St. Cuthbert's satchel, 
250 ; at shrine, 210. 

Miracles, 4, 197, 222 ; of Christ, 48 ; 
later, 270 ; recorded, 88*, 270. 

Miraculous visions, 243. 

Miscellanea, Surtees Soc, 299 ; 
Miscellanea Biographica, Surtees 
Soc, 254, 293. 

Miscellaneous Charters, 232, 299. 

Misericorde, 268. 

Missa alta, 276, 280 ; bassa, 276 ; 
magna, 276; matutinalis, 172, 179, 
181, 182; Nominis Jesu, 220; 
privata, 276 ; de Quinque Vulneri- 
bus, 220 ; de Sancta Cruce, 220. 

Misss de Caritate, de S. Cuthberto, 
do Cruce, de Sancta Maria, 191. 

Missale Dunelm., xx, 171, 172, 203, 
213, 301,340; Ebor., i75-i9o««., 
200, 255 ; Romanum, 178*1. , 255 ; 
Sarum, i72-i89«»., 200, 201, 202, 
204*, 220, 255, 276, 287, 301 ; 



Westmonasteriense, 172W., 174, 
176, 177, 183W., 203. 

Missals, 204*, 205. 

Mitford of Molesdon, arms of, 255. 

Mitre, 15, 175, 187 ; set on altar, 
112; of the prior, 105, 287; of 
St. Martin, 120 ; with staff for 
prior, 23, 213 ; see Fordham. 

Mitres, 118. 

Moises, S., 132. 

Molaca, Moloca, etc., 254. 

Moluog, meaning of, 254. 

Monarcha, Alfred made, 137. 

Monaster}-, double, 228, 291. 

Monastic habit taken preparatory 
to consecration as bishop, 143. 

Monasticon, see Dugdale. 

Money, drawing and telling of, 84, 
. 263 ; not handled by novices, 97, 
278 ; offered, 276. 

Monk beholding St. Cuthbert from 
rock, 115, 290 ; in blue, figure of, 
in ; travelling to sea, 115, 290; 
washing his feet, 115, 290. 

Monk's lodging (Dorter), 97. 

Monks, buried in Gentry Garth, 59, 
60 ; each had his Carrell, 83, 262 ; 
chambers of, 93 ; kneeling, 109, 
in, 112*, 113, 114*, 115, 118; 
never idle, 88 ; how occupied, 
88* ; old, dined in Loft, 86, 87*, 
268 ; the only chroniclers, and 
writers of acts of bishops and 
priors, 88*, 269 ; proposed by 
bishop Walcher, 140 ; in quire, 
302 ; repair to the Red hills, 23 ; 
sheets and shirts of, 100, 282 ; 
wages of, 97 ; worked at building 
out of service time, 67, 72 ; and 
novices, named Dane, etc., 93«., 
102, 280, 2S4 ; and officers, 
notices of, 93-102, 274-284. 

Monodon Monoceros, 276. 

Montboucher, arms of, 255. 

Monuments, subversion of, 102, 284 ; 
see Brasses, Tombs. 

Moray, bishops ; see Archibald. 

More, 67, 249. 

More or great Kirk, 66, 67, 72, 249*, 
250, 251. 

More Monkton, 249. 

Moresby, Tho. , 117, 291. 

Morlande, relicta, 145. 

Morley, see Marley. 

Morning Prayers at 6 a.m., 264. 

Morning Prayer chapel, 170. 

Morpeth, Jesse window at, 228. 

Morpeth, Mr., 252. 

Morton, bishop, ix ; life of, 159. 

Morton, Dr. Joh., 160. 

Moryson, Will., 146. 



INDEX. 



337 



Moses, song of, iSS. 

Moule, 11., bishop, 243. 

Mounford, Symon, 55. 

Mourners, special, 5-*. 

Mowbray, arms of, 255, 

MSS. ; st\' Manuscripts, 

Much Wenlock, 240,. 

Mullock, 70, 254. 

Mummified bodies, 284. 

Mundyng deene and Mungdnigdene, 
1 39W. 

Mungo, S., 13 j. 

Mur, 37 ; Durham for " more." 

Mural paintings, 243. 

Muriardach, 63. 

Murners, 52 ; Durham for " mour- 
ners." 

Murray's Cathedrals, 199, 209, 240, 
260, 314, 347. 

Museum of Soc. Ant. Edinb., 203 ; 
of University of Durham, 233 ; at 
York, 195. 

Music room, 160. 

Mutton, 99. 

" My oulde booke," and " My other 
booke," 304. 

Myers, Ambr., 62, 247. 

Myrc, Instructions, 201. 

Myrroure of Our Lady, 291. 

Nails of Passion, cross made of, 216. 

Naprie, napery, linen, 99. 

Narwhal, tusk of, 276. 

Nativity of Christ, 48. 

Natural selection, 275. 

Nave arched over by bishop Skir- 
law and prior Melsonby, 73, 252 ; 
built up to roof by bishop Flam- 
bard, 141. 

Navicular, incense-boats, 201. 

Naylor, Dr. Jos., 159, 355. 

Neasham, 149. 

Nebulae for Maundy, 256. 

Necessaria, latrines, 266. 

Necrology, 279. 

Neile, Dr., 335 ; Ric, bishop, 299. 

Neotus, S., 136. 

Nelley, reredorter at, 266. 

Neville, Alex., archbishop of York, 
213 j John, lord, 6, 24, 58, 196, 
198, 244, 245 ; Ralph, lord, I, 24, 
-•7, 28, 58, 244, 245 ; II, 224 ; Rob., 
bishop, 40, 59, 122, 225, 245 ; 
supposed tomb slab of, 223. 

Nevilles, arms of, 27, 169, 217, 245, 
233, 2t)o ; as joined in marriage, 
111* : bore charges of image of 
Our Lady of Bolton, 30. 

Neville chantry, 244 ; chapel, altar 
in, 303 ; its grates, window, locket , 
226 ; see Porch ; Prior's pew 

22 



in, 40, 2(12 ; windows in, 290 ; 

screen, 198, 221 ; tombs, 58, 103, 
244. 
Neville tombs, 244. Not only " the 

cistern " but both the Neville 
tombs aii.' within the site of the 
Neville chantry, which included 

the spaces between the pillars, as 

appears by the marks of the iron 
grate that was on the north side, 
pp. 40, 226. 

Neville's Cross, see Cross ; battle 
of, see Durham. 

New chamber, 281. 

New English Dictionary, 198, 208, 
212, 217, 220, 222, 227, 229, 238, 
258, 262, 263, 269, 280, 284, 290, 
291, 295, 307, 316, 319, 320, 324*, 

355- 

New Work (the Lantern), 22, 213. 

Newark, brass at, 320. 

Newark, arms of, 255. 

Newburn raw, 145. 

Newcastle-upon-Tyne, xviii, 55, 149, 
156, 158, 196, 198*, 262, 276; All 
Saints' church at, 320 ; columns, 
etc., brought to, 229 ; Governor 
of, 14. 

Newcastle, Isaac of, bishop of 
Connor, 152*. 

Newhouse, Gabr. , 164; Mr., ib. 

Nevvminster, 14S. 

Nicene Creed, standing at, 209. 

Nicodemus, 112. 

Nicholas, St., 112, 113; church of, 
104, 288 ; do., revestry of, 108, 288. 

Nicholas Y, pope, 122. 

Nicholl, Joh., 143. 

Nichols, John, 164, 298. 

Nicholson, bishop of Carlisle, his 
English Historical Library, 297. 

Nigra crux, 215*, 216* ; see Black 
Rood. 

Nine Altars, 1-3, 62, 171, 193-19S, 
209*, 302 ; alleys of, 2, 3, 194, 
196 ; building of, xix ; Dun Cow 
on. 74, 234 ; east front of, 93, 
274; glass in, 1 18-122, 291, 292; 
south door of, 39, 60, 62 ; statues 
on, 93, 274 ; north wall said to 
have been broken through for 
bishop Heck's coffin, 2, 38, 194, 
244 ; windows, arms in, 255. 

Nine-holes, 277. 

Ninevites, repentance of, 178. 

Nisibis (Nizibena), 132. 

Noake, his Worcester, 261, 273, 282. 

Noblemen, arms of, t ; 1 ; gifts of, 106. 
None, office of, 185, 187. 
Norfolk Archaeology, 104 ; Arch. 
Soc., 323. 



338 



INDEX. 



Norham, castle of, 141 ; church of, 
142 ; procurator of, 146 ; strong 
tower in, 141. 

Norman walls of Guest hall, 272 ; 
windows, Perpendicular tracery 
in, 289*. 

North, great houses of, 214. 

North British Railway Co., 215. 

North doorof the church, 41, 61, 167, 
169, 227 ; holy-water stone at, 38 ; 
processions went out at, 105 ; end 
of altar, lectern at, 13 ; gates, 
273 ; quire door, 98, 279, 302. 

North, T., Chronicle of St. Martin's, 
208 ; Church Bells of Beds., 300. 

Northallerton, Hospital of, 73, 253 ; 
see Alverton. 

Northborough, crypt at, 246. 

Northern Counties, Governor of, 14. 

Northumberland, earl of, arms of, 
169 ; earls of, Pudsey, 73, 254 ; 
Uhtred, 143, 241 ; invaded, 64; 
men of, 140. 

Northumbria, 129, 133 ; six king's 
of, 138, 139. 

Northwagenses, Norwegians, 137. 

Norton, x, xvi, 141. 

Norwegians, 137. 

Norwich, baking or houseling irons 
at, 338, col. 2 ; bishops of, see 
Middleton, Suthfeld ; charnel at, 
314 ; lavatory at, 261 ; nine-holes 
at, 277 ; pelican lectern at, 199, 
206; St. Peter Mancroft, fireplace 
at, 194, 323. 

Norwold, Hugh de, bishop of Ely, 

149. 153- 

Notary public, 208. 

Notes and Queries, 199. 

Nottingham, 225, 300 ; castle of, 
215. 

Nottingham, Aug., bishop of Lao- 
dicea, 153. 

Nottinghamshire, 138. 

Nova Legenda Angliae, 223, 234*, 
291, 293. 

Novice, carried holy water, 13, 205. 

Novices, 259, 260 ; chambers of, 
85 ; dined in frater, 268 ; master 
or tutor of, 96, 97 ; master of, his 
chamber, 97 ; meat of, 82 ; money 
or wages not received by, 97, 
278 ; outfits of, 277 ; place where 
they learned, 84, 85, 264 ; in quire, 
302 ; read at meals, 82 ; recrea- 
tion of, 88, 270 ; said grace, 82 ; 
sheets and shirts of, 100, 282 ; 
six, went daily to school for seven 
years, 96. 

Nunburnholm, xi. 



O's, the great, 270, 283. 

Oats, 281. 

Obedientiaries, 268, 274, 280 ; vicars 
assigned to, 275. 

Obleys, 194, 279 ; wafer-bread, 
especially that which is used in 
the mass ; baking of, 279 ; for 
Maundy, 256. 

Obley-irons, 194, 218, 279 ; iron 
nippers used in making oblevs, 
called at Norwich " lez Bakyng 
eernys," and " howselyng jrons." 

Occupations (trades and crafts), 
107, 108, 288. 

Occupy, engage in, 98. 

Occupy, make use of, 39, 224. 

Octaves of Easter, 301. 

Odo, S. , 127. 

Of, on, 6, 7, 11, 15, 31, 37, 38, 
52, 105, 106, 108, 112, 113; see 
quotation under Guilted. 

Offa Rex Orienlalium Saxonum, 
125. 

Offerings at shrine, 4 ; hung on 
shrine, 94, 276. 

Office, 8, 200. 

Officers of the Church, 93-98 ; of 
the House, 99-102. 

Official heraldry of Durham, 291. 

Officiarii (obedientiaries), 145. 

Officinse claustri, 172, 179. 

Ogle, arms of, 255. 

Ogle castle, 215. 

Oil, tun of, in legend of St. Mar- 
garet, 120, 291. 

Oils, consecration of, 255. 

Ointment of St. Mary Magdalene, 
1 12. 

Old Foundation, Cathedrals of, 203. 

Old man, warning by, 61. 

Old Melrose, see Melrose. 

Oldfield, Rob., 166, 300. 

Omer, S. ( Audomarus), 130. 

Onions, 283. 

Onlafbal, terrible punishment of, 

'43- 

Onyx, cup of, 239. 

Oratio super Diptycha, 279. 

Order in going to sing mass, 8, 200. 

Ordinale, 182, 301. 

Ordination, 224. 

Ordinations in vestry, 19, 212. 

Oresiesis monachus, 135. 

Orfreys, 171. 

Organ, crook, etc., for, 246 ; Father 
Smith's, 164, 299 ; heraldry of, 
300 ; great, 163*, 164, 299 ; pipes 
of, saved, 163. 

Organs, 161, 162, 297 ; cases of, 
163 ; different, for different days, 
16, 208 ; earlier, 297 ; the lesser, 



INDEX. 



339 






^i)i) ; master of song-school to 
play on principal days, 62, 63 ; 
pair of, destroyed, 206 ; do., in 
Galilee, 43, 231 ; do., for Jesus 
mass, 34, 222; do., little, 163; 
pairs of, 16, 207 ; played by 
monks at midnight, (33 ; playing 
on, 108; at 6 a.m. prayers, 2(14, 
265; 1 lu> White, 162, 163*, 208, 
290. 

Organ-loft, 34, 221, 222. 

Organists, i6i*-i63, 231, 297-299; 
catalogue of, 161. 

Origin, etc., of the Bishops, xiii, 
209, 225, 229, 230, 240, 286. 

Origines Islandicae (a collection of 
Prose Sagas, in the press but not 
yet published), 237. 

Origo Episcopatus, etc., xiii. 

Orkney? ( Archadiensis J, bishops, 
Peter, 154. 

Orleans (Aurelia), 130, 216. 

Ornaments, left by bishops, 141* ; 
place to keep them in, 7 ; trampled 
on, 69, 108, 288. 

Ortulanus (gromus), 146. 

Sapientia, 89, 101, 270, 283. 

O'Scoba, Carbricus, bishop of 
Raphoe, 154. 

Osculatorium, the pax, 200. 

Osmund, St., bishop of Sarum, 203. 

Ostrich feathers, 1 19. 

Ostriches' eggs, 276. 

Oswald, St., the king, 67, 72, 129, 
132, 138*, 141, 142 ; arms of 
(heraldic), 116, 290; beheaded, on 
bier, 119; bell of, 165, 166*, 167; 
blowing his horn, 1 18, 291 ; church 
of, 104 ; founder of church and 
see, 138; head of, 138; do., on 
St. Cuthbert's breast, 48 ; do., 
in hand of St. Cuthbert, 114, 115, 
116, 117, 118 ; ivory horn of, 291 ; 
ivory sceptre of, 291 ; painting 
of? 233; "picture'' or image of 
(alabaster), 7; "picture" or 
image of (silver-gilt), 105, 106, 
287 ; represented in glass, 49, 
109*, no*, 114, 115*, 116*, 117, 
119; rib of, 287; skull of, 286 J 
slain by Penda, 138. 

Oswald's, St., churchyard of, 299. 

Oswald, St., archbishop of York, 
1 28. 

Oswvn or Oswin, king, 128, 1-54, 
138. 

O Thoma Didyme, 270. 

" Ould booke," the, xi, 304*. 

" Ould written Docters," 304*. 

Our Lady, Assumption of, 47 ; of 
Bolton, image of, 204 ; holding 
up Child to a multitude of persons, 



236 ; picture of, with Infant, on 
shrine, 5 ; and Child, in i^lass, 31, 
32, 47*, 49; of Pity, pictures of, 

38, 44, 223, 2XT,; see Mary, St. 
Outfits of novices, 277. 
Ova griffina, 276. 
Ovens, 194. These should rather be 

called fire-places. 
Ovid, 263. 
Owl-light, JCV». 
Oxford, 153, 216 ; Cathedral at, 

196; Christ Church at, 209; 

Corpus Christi College at, 199 ; 

Durham College at, 222, 224, 

277 ; novices sent to, 97, 277 ; St. 

Frideswide's at, 209; shrine at, 

196* ; Trinity College at, 278. 
Oxford Historical Society, 278 ; 

History, Studies in, xiii. 
Oxford, Rob., bishop of Ely, 156. 

Pachomius, S, 134. 

Pafnucius, S., 134. 

Pagans, 64*, 65, 69. 

Paging, xxi. 

Painting, 2, 195. 

Paintings of our Saviour and of 
Blessed Virgin Mary, 5 ; under 
Throne, 211. 

Pair of censers (two), 12. 

Pair of organs, 16, 207, 355. 

Pair of stairs, 17, 87 ; a flight or set 
of steps. 

Palace Green, 232, 288*, 298 ; see 
Place ; levelled by bishop Flam- 
bard, 141. 

Palaeographie facsimiles, 24S, 250. 

Palatinate, 210. 

Palatinate insignia, 291. 

Pale*sser, 146, 294. 

Pallister, the surname, 294. 

Palm Sunday, 255 ; ceremonial of, 
179-182, 204. 

Palmer, Hen., 298. 

Pambo, S., 134. 

Panelling, oak, 257 ; see Wainscot. 

Panemes, 65 ; paynims, pagans. 
Paynim ■=paganismus, a heathen 
district, but came to designate a 
heathen man. See Skeat. 

Pange lingua, 204. 

Pannarius, 144, 147. 

Panni generosorum, 147, 295. 

Panni stricti, 147. 

Pannus st rictus, 294. 

Pantry and Cellar, the Prior's, 
served the Guest-hall, 20. 

Pantry or Covey door, 80, 25S. 

Pape, Will., 145 ; see Paype. 

Paradise, 206. 

Paratae albae, 179, 185, 187, 301. 

Parcel-gilt cross-staff', 105. 



34° 



INDEX. 



Pardons for persons frequenting the 

Galilee, 43, 230. 
Paris, 131. 
Parish churches, ornaments of, 108 ; 

processions to, 104-108. 
Parker, archbishop of Canterbury, 

59- 
Parler, Parlor, Parlour, 52, 238. 
Parliament robe, 106*. 
Parlour, 52, 53, 68, 75, 78, 169*, 237, 

238, 263, 303 ; original, 265. 
Parlours, two, 238. 
Parlour door, form near, 77 ; see 

Parler. 
Parsley, 283. 

Partitions in Nine Altars, 2, 195. 
Part-singing in Salve, 268. 
Parva domus Bursarii, 145, 294. 
Pascall posts, 203. 
Paschal candle, blessed on Easter 
Eve, 187, 188, 301 ; when lighted 
and put out, 188. 
Paschal (candlestick), the, 10, n, 
201, 202, 203 ; kept under anchor- 
age stairs, 17 ; perhaps hidden 
and afterwards partly made use 
of, 206, 355 ; scouring of, 17, 201, 
209; when brought out, 10, 202; 
where set up at Durham, 10, 202. 
It was ordered to be defaced by 
an Act of Chapter, Dec. 1, 1579. 
Paschalis II, pope, 229. 
Passion, 11, 12, 203, 204. (The 
directions in connexion with the 
" Creeping to the Cross " in the 
Durham Missal, MS. Harl. 52S9, 
ff. 166-179, are ver y interesting, 
and should have been printed in 
our Appendix, hut were over- 
looked till it was too late. And 
there are some further directions 
for Candlemas, ff. 303, 304. The 
whole of this MS. ought to be 
printed). 
Passion, carving of, in prison, 
215 ; instruments of, 31, 110, 221 ; 
marks of, 224 ; pictures of, 44, 
233 ; reading of, 181, 182 ; repre- 
sented on stone screen, 33 ; on 
triptych, 33 ; singing of, 11, 204. 
Passion Music, 204. 
Patellae called Moreby, 291. 
Paten or cover, of chalice, 57. 
Patriarchs, names of, 126. 
Pattern glass, 289. 
Pattinson, Edw., 79. 
Pattison, Chr., 167. 
Pattison, John, 167 ; John (another), 

167. 
Paul, St., in glass, 110, 111 ; be- 
heading of, 121, 292 ; carving of, 



on St. Cuthbert's coffin, 285 ; 
persecuting, 121. 
Pauls, St., basins at, 200 ; enamel 
at, 245 ; great O pittance at, 270 ; 
Jesus anthem at, 221 ; morning 
prayers at, 265 ; organ at, 16 ; 
bishop Tunstal to have been 
buried at, 245 ; School, Statutes 
of, 270. 
Paulinus, S., 127. 

Paulus Diaconus Cassinensis, 135. 

Paulus, S., primus heremita, 136. 

Pax, book serving for, 9, 200, 304. 

Paxbrede, 171, 200, 301. 

Paype, Cuthbert, 209 ; see Pape. 

Peace, kiss of, 200. 

Peacock, Church Furniture, 203, 205. 

Peada, king, 133 ; baptized, 142. 

Peal rung for dead, 52. 

Pearson, edition of Sarum Missal, 
by, 276. 

Pease, 281. 

Person, Ja., 209. 

Peckham, archbishop of Canter- 
bury, Constitutions of, 199, 201. 

Peculiar Altar, 19, 212. 

Pegge on Sanctuaries, 226. 

Pelican and its symbolism, 8, 199 ; 
gilt, on lectern, 13, 205 ; giving 
her blood, 1 17. 

Pelican lectern, 201. 

Pelliccia (misprinted Pellicia), Polity 
of Christian Church, 202. 

Penda, king, 138. 

Penitents, reception of, 255. 

Pentees, le, 261. 

Pentland, Ric, 146. 

People, witnessed processions, 105. 

Percy, arms of, 245, 255. 

Percy, Old, arms of, 255. 

Percy, the Lord, 24 ; Matilda, 244 ; 
Mrs., xi. 

Perigueux (Petragoricum), 130. 

Periosteum, on bones of St. Cuth- 
bert, 285. 

Perpendicular tracery, 289*, 291. 

Perpent walls, 195. 

Persarum civitas, 132. 

Person, Ric, 145. 

Perugia (Perusia), 129. 

Peter, St., church dedicated in 
honour of, 133 ; in glass, no, 116, 
121 ; quoted by Henry VI, 123. 

Peter and Paul, SS., 156. 

Peterborough (Burgh), 130, 243 ; 
bishops of, Kennett, 297; infirmary 
at, 271*; lavatory at, 261*; round 
window at, 195. 

Petragoricum (Perigueux), 130. 

Petronius, S., 130. 

Petty Canon, a, 298. 






INDEX. 



34' 



Philpotts 



")i 159- 



Petty Canons, 260, the Minor Ca- 
nons ; hall and kitchen of, .257, 
260. 

Pew or seal for Prior, to hear Jesus 
.Mass, 40, 226, _'<>-'. 

Pews in cloister, 83, j(>j. 

Phannel, 57, 243. 

Philip, St., i it).' 

Philip VI, 214. 

Pbilipson's cross, 

Phillpotts, IV. (" 

Pica Sarum, 301 . 

Pickering, IV. Theo., 160, 297. 

Pictavia, Phil, de, bishop, 55, 169, 
24' 1 243, 301. 

Picts, churches of, 37, J23. 

Picture, 204, 210. Any sort of a 
representation whether painted or 
not, e.g. alabaster figures, 5, 6, 

7 ; metal work on a book eover, 

8 ; a golden crucifix, 1 1 ; another 
image of Christ, 12; figures on 
brasses, 15, 29, 30, 60 ; glass, 
frequently ; a rood, 18 ; stone 
figures, 27 ; stone effigy, 68, 75 ; 
the " print " in a mazer, 80, 258 ; 
so we find, " a picture of latten," 
Test. Ebor., vi, 98. 

Pictures, sundry, in tower windows, 
115; on wainscot in Galilee, 43, 
230. 

Pictured, represented in a brass, 60. 

Piety or Pity, Our Lady of, 38, 44, 
22^, 233. There was a "light of 
ouv ladie of pitie " in the church of 
Headon, Notts., in 1522 ( Test. 
Ebor., vi, 20) ; also 3s. 4d. left " to 
our lady of pety " at Church 
Fenton, Vks., in 1531 (lb., 22) ; 
a direction to be buried "before 
ouv ladie of petie" at Wintring- 
ham, Vks, (lb., 242), 1559 ; .1 
chalice of Our Lady of Pitie in 
the vault, 19 ounces (Reg. Aberd., 
Edinburgh, 1S45 ; App. to Pref. 
p. xci). In 1503 "an aulter clothe 
staynyd w> an ymage of o r lady 
of Pyte " (Kerry, St. Laurence, 
Reading, 111); sec Altar, Our 
Lady, Pity. 

Pikeringe, The., n>5- 

Pilgrim's stall", with St. James, 117. 

Pilgrimage of Grace, 216; of Henry 
VI, 122, ,2;,. 

Pilkington, Ja., bishop, 243 ; L., 
prebendary, 100, 160, 281. 

Pillars, of Guest-hall, <>o, 272 ; of 
stone, under Privies, 8b, 260. 

Pillows, 99. 

Pinkerton, Scottish Saints, 215. 

Pipes, 2b, 95, 216, 277. 



Pipes of banner-staff, precaution 

against bruising, i)<>. 
" Pite, ymage of," 223. 
Pittance, 270, 283. 
Pittinglon, 145, 239. 
Pity, Our Lady of, pictures of, 38, 44, 

-'-^. t 233- 

Pius \', pope, 267. 

Pix, 8, 199 ; (box) of wood, for 
altar-breads, 171. 

Place grene, 44, 57, 107", 21,2, 288. 

Plage, transept, 23, 29, 30, 31, 214 ; 
the north, 214. 

Plainsong, school for, 29S. 

Plainsong, master and sub-masler 
of, 167. 

Plans, xx. 

Platting, wringing, 117. 

Plea roll, 250. 

Plumbers' work, 98. 

Plumes, palatinate, 291. 

Piummer, Charles, Alfred the Great, 
227 ; his edition of Bede, 237, 282, 
293 ; on Saxon terms, 294. 

Pocklington, xi. 

Polyandrum, 315. 

Polycronica, 128, 293. 

Pomes, 218. 

Poncelet, Rev. Father, 291. 

Pons fractus, 128, 293. Pontefract 
in Vorkshire. The name appears 
to have been transferred from 
Castleford, on the Aire, three 
miles distant, as in other cases of 
castles built on sites with no 
recognized names, named from 
places a few miles away. — Arcluco- 
logia, lviii, 331 ; Freeman, Norman 
Conquest (1876), iv, 283-5. 

Pontefract (Pons fractus); Cluniac 
monastery at, 293. 

POoel, Rich., 222. 

Poole, 229. 

Poor, relieved by whole convent, 90. 

Poor aged men, see Maundy ; 
children, 91*, 92, 273. 

Poor, Ric, bishop, 150. 

Pope, authorized mitre, etc., for 
Prior, 213 ; consecrated Pudsey, 
141. 

Popes, names of, 124. 

Pope, Sir Tho., 27S. 

Popinae gromus, 146. 
Popinarius, 144, 2<)4. 
Porch (entrance), long, of Almery, 
91*. 

Porch, a chapel within a church, 17, 
18, 1,2, 40, 91, 208, 209, 210, 221 ; 
round Jesus Altar, ^ 2 ^ -'-'' I 'I' 1 ' 
Nevilles', 40, 225, 22b ■, over 



342 



INDKX. 



entrance of north iiiley of quire, 

22. 
" Porches " in north aisle of quire, 

17, 18, 208, 209, 210, 213. 
Port Royal, William of, bishop of" 

Connor, 153. 
Porter, 275 ; of cloister, 79, 94 ; to 

stop strangers molesting novices, 

84, 8 5 . 
Porters, of the Prior, 90, 273. 
Porter, Joh., 97. 

Pot, in picture of Annunciation, 118. 
Pots and cups, washing' of, 61. 
Poultry, 259. 
Powers, 122. 
Prsebenda, Rob. de, bishop ot' 

Dunblane, 153. 
Propositus, 275. 
Pray, Prioress of, 194. 
Prayer, short, before service, 175, 

l8 7- • 

Prayers, by cross of wood at Maid s 

bower, 29 ; after Maundy, 79, 

257 ; and thanks after Battle of 

Durham, 24. 

Pra3'ing among the tombs, 87, 269, 

Preaching, by monks, 46, 88*. 

Prebendal houses, 159, 296, 297. 

Prebendaries, suppression of, 269. 

Precentor (in Abbey), 280. 

Prefaces to Gospels, 248. 

Presbytery, 302. 

Pretors, i-jn. 

Pricks for serges, 14. 

Priest without cope, 185, 187. 

Priests, monastic, 275. 

Prime, 279. 

Principal days, 62, 95, 96, 98* ; see 
Days. 

Principalities, 122. 

Prior, 259, 264, 275 ; apparel of, 
101 ; his attendants, 90 ; censed 
Corpus Christi shrine, 107, 288 ; 
chamber of, 101 ; chaplain of, 51, 
101, 237, 284 ; cloister or deputy, 
275 ; duties of, on Easter Even, 
185, 187, 188 ; on Maundy Thurs- 
day, 182 ; gentlemen, etc., ot\ 13, 
101, 144, 147, 205, 246, 247 ; his 
hospitality, 90, 273 ; household of, 
147 ; how ordered, 101 ; the 
household expenses of, 101 ; 
kneeling before altar, 112 ; livery 
of, 144, 145, 147 ; called the Lord 
Prior, 102 ; major, 275 ; on St. 
Cuthbert's day in Lent, 4 ; plate 
and treasure of, 101 ; two porters 
of, 90, 273 ; in processions, 105, 
107, 287 ; sent word to Sanctuary 
men to keep within the bounds, 



41 ; table of, 99 ; table linen of, 
101 ; Third, 275. 

Prior and convent met corpses, 52 ; 
registers of, 277. 

Prior's chapel, 265 ; chaplain, 275*, 
276 ; gentlemen, Master of Song- 
school had meals with, 63 ; hall, 
257, 273, 275, 284 ; hall door, 90, 
273 ; lodging, 87, 303 ; Maundy, 
256, -257. 

Priors, Anchorage frequented by, 
17; Benedictine, 113; burial of, 
52 ; great benefactors, 53 ; buried 
in Centry Garth, 59, 60 ; buried 
within the church latterly, 53 ; 
founded and maintained a school, 
91, 92 ; of Durham, sat in wooden 
chair in Chapter-house, 56 ; of 
Durham, use of crosier and mitre 
by, 287 ; see names under Durham. 

Prioris gromi, 147. 

Prison called the lying-house, 89, 
271 ; for monks by the Chapter- 
house, 56, 243. 

Prisoners, Scotch, 14, 163, 206*. 

Prison-breakers fled for Sanctuary, 

4i- 

Private practices, 269. 

Privies, the, 85, 86, 266, 267. 

Privy dorter, 266. 

Privy search, 86, 267, 275. 

Privy watch, 93. 

Proceedings of Society of Anti- 
quaries of London, 196, 206, 279, 
300, 301 ; of do. of Scotland, 215. 

Procession at Easter, 13, 205 ; on 
ferial days, 186 ; before high 
mass, 213; juniors preceding in, 
186, 187 ; order of, 302 ; on Palm 
Sunday, 182 ; seniors preceding 
in, 185, 187 ; the Sunday, xxi, ^2, 
302, 303 ; two brethren preceding 
and singing, 186, 187. 

Processions, 37, 45, 95, 96, 104-108, 
172-191, 2S7, 288. 

Processional cross of crystal, 203 ; 
stones, 303. 

Processionale Ebor., 205* ; Sarum, 
202, 203, 205*, 302. 

Processionals, 203. 

Procurator (gromus), 14b. 

Profane authors, 83, 263, 304. 

Promptorium Parvulorum, 259. 

Prosser, Dr., 159. 

Provender for horses, 100, 2S1. 

Provisor cator, 145. 

Provost, 275. 

Psalmi familiares, 179. Cancel note 
p. 301. These psalms were recited 
"pro familiaribus sen monasterii 



INDEX. 



343 



amicis et benefactoribus." They 
were sometimes called Psalmi 
Verba mea, because they began 
with that psalm, but sometimes 
they began with Ad Dominum 
cum tribularer. Their number 
varied, or they were omitted, at 
the discretion of the Abbot. See 
Mil Cange under Psalm us. 

Psalms, penitential, 175, 1S2. 

Psalter, David's, 52*, 238. 

Psalters recited, 149. 

Pseudo-Augustine, 290. 

Pudsey, Henry de, 2^2, -53- 

Pudsey, Hugh, bishop, 43, 44"., 55, 
7;,. 136, 141, 148, 228, 229, 241, 
243, 250, 252, 253", 254 ; enshrined 
bones of Yen. Bede, 45, 2t,t, ; pre- 
sented basons, 202 ; treasurer of 
York, 141 ; see Stephen, king. 

Pugin, Glossary, 199, 200, 202, 205*, 
214. 

Pulley, 291 ; in roof of Galilee, 233 ; 
ol shrine-cover, 4, 197. 

Pulpit, iron, 46. 

Purbeek marble, 196, 229, 2^2. 

Purgatory, 295. 

Purification, feast of, service for, 
172. 

Purple glass represented black, 236, 
289. 

Quadrant, 3, 196 ; see N. E. D. 

Queen's Drive, 215. 

Quignon, Cardinal, Breviary of, 267. 

Quire, the, 7 ; built and nave begun 
by bishop William I, 141 ; in 
procession, 107 ; solemn service 
in, 107 ; door at back of, 179. 

Quire door, 163, 231 ; in the lantern, 
20, 2i, 22, 32 ; the south, 8, 13, 
19. 

Quire step, 302. 

Quivil, bishop of Exeter, Constitu- 
tions of, 201. 

Qwytby 1 Whitby), 128. 

Rabanus, 127. 

Rachis rex Longobardorum, 126. 

Rackett, Joh., 144, 145; Mr., 59, 
60, 24b. 

Radclyffe, Annabella and Chas., xi ; 
Family of, \, xi. 

Rsgnald (Reynwaldus), 143. 

Railway, North British, 215 ; (North 
Eastern), 217. 

Rainbow, Christ seated on, 3. 

Raine, Dr. James, senior, xi, xii, 
253, 270, 293 ; his Auckland 
Castle, 209, 288 ; his Brief 
Account of Durham Cathedral, 



Notes, passim ; his Catlerick 
Church, 198, 208 ; his Si. Culh- 
bert, 127, 217, 21S, 230, 248, 275, 
276, 283*, 286*, 293 ; Dr. Janus, 
junior, his Hexham, 293. 

Raisins, 283, 2S4. 

Range (Raunge) for the tin- in the 
Guest-hall, 90 ; apparently used 
in the modern sense, as in I\<>l/s, 
p. 84, etc. ; see the Index and 
page 951. 

Raphael, the angel, 172. 

Raphoe, bishops ; see O'Scoba. 

Rathbotensis, 154, 295. 

Read, 65, 249. 

Readers of -Morning Prayers, 264, 
203 ; weekly, 275. 

Reading of Scriptures in dinner 
lime, 82*, 260. 

Reading, the town, Jesus mass at, 
220 ; St. Laurence's church at, 

341*. 

Rebellion, the Great, ix, 159. 
Reconciliation of conformers, 231. 
Record of benefactions, 252. 
Records of the Church, 304. 
Red, a colour of various animals, 

249. 
Red earth of Cumberland, 247. 
Red hills, 23, 28, 214, 217*. 
Red horse, 65, 70, 249. 
Redeman, Rob., 146. 
Reed in hand of St. John Ev., 112, 

1 13, 1 16. 
Refectorarius, 275. 
Refectory, see Frater-house. 
Regality between Tees and Tyne, 

137 ; between Tyne and Wear, 

'39- 

Regester, registrar, 94. 

Reginald of Durham, 217, 249, 230, 
254, 269, 270. 

Register, Register house, a Regis- 
try, 68, 75, 78, 251, 256. 

Register Office (Boulby's), 169. 

Registers Office (bishop's), 164. 

Registrar of the house, 94, 277. 

Registry of the bishopric, 251 ; of 
the monastery, OS, 231. 

Releefe, 92, 274. 

Relics, 5, 17, 106, 156, 157, 158*, 
197, 288 ; belonging to shrine, 
94, 276 ; of bishops, 139, 140, 
142 ; borne in processions, 103, 
106* ; brought from Rome, 133. 

Relic cupboards, 193, 279 ; see 
Ambries. 

Relic-lists, 197, 276. 
Relief, 274. 
Relly (Rille), 14b. 
Remedy, 88, 270. 



344 



INDKX. 



Routs received, 99. 

Rere Dorter, 266, 281 ; shown in old 

painting', 267. 
Reredos, 198. 
Residence-dinners, 258. 
Restalrig, 215. 
Restoration, the, xi. 
Resurrection, image of, 12, 13, 205. 
Revelation as to Book of Gospels, 

65, 68, 70, 250 ; as to Dunholme, 

66, 71. 

Revestry, 8, 9, 19, 30, 96, 167, 187, 
200, 210, 277, 303 ; the vestry, 
body of St. Cuthbert kept in, 103, 
285 ; chamber over end of, 169 ; 
men appertaining to, 22. 

Revester dour, 19, 77 ; the vestry 
door. 

Revestry, of St. Nicholas' Church, 
108, 288. 

Reyner, 237, 263, 268*. 

Reynwaldus (Ra^gnald, a viking), 

143- 
Rhone, department of, 242. 
Richard, St., shrine of, 284. 
Richard, bishop of Dunkeld, 151, 

152 ; Richard, bishop of Sodor, 

etc, 151, 152. 
Richard I, 20, 21, 74; II, 20 ; III, 20, 

21, 106*, 288. 

Richardby, Joh., 146. 

Richardson, John, xvii, 61, 62. 

Richmond, 260, 266, 268. 

Rievanlx, Cartulary of, 195. 

Rimbault, Cheque-book of Chapel 
Royal, 231. 

Ring', 39, 224. 

Rings on corners of shrine cover, 4. 

Ringers, 39, 40, 224. 

Ringing of bells, 39, 40, 224 ; use of 
term, 224. 

Ripon, 127, 128, 131, 142; Bone- 
house at, 245, 314 ; Alchfrith's 
monaster}' at, 138, 142 ; Celtic 
monks at, 236 ; Chapter Acts of, 
201 ; flight to, 65, 70 ; mile-crosses 
at, 227 ; processional cross at, 
201 ; St. Wilfrid abbot in, 50. 

Rising in the North, 231. 

Rites of Durham, censure on, 161, 
297 ; date of, 161, 165 ; eulogium 
on, 297 ; Hunter's edition of, MS. 
notes in, 169, 301 ; supposed author 
of, xiv. 

Road, old, to river, 273. 

Robert (de Insula ?), bishop, 154. 

Robert, bishop of Ross, 152*. 

Robson, Mr., 170. 

Robynson, Will., 146. 

Rochester, bishops of, see Merton ; 
diocese of, 157. 



Rock, monk lying on, 115, 290. 

Rock, Dr., Church of our Fathers, 
194, 203, 255 ; Hierurgia, 200. 

Rodes, Rob, 276. 

Rogation days, 287. 

Roger, bishop of Coventry and 
Lichfield, 153. 

Roger, bishop of Ross, 158. 

Roll, MS., of Rites, x, xvi. 

Rolls (Durham Account Rolls) 
referred to, Notes, passim. 

Roman Catholics, what some say of 
St. Cuthbeit's body, 167, 286. 

Roman letters, 285 ; rite, 204, 287. 

Roman soldiers on sepulchres, 204. 

Romanby, 253. 

Rome, 134*, 135 ; bishop William I 
goes to, 72 ; Capuchins at, 285 ; 
church of St. Peter at, 134, 315 ; 
Emperors of, xi ; MS. Gospels 
brought from, 248 ; Paschal can- 
dlesticks in, 202 ; pestilence in, 
287. 

Rome, Tho., 118, 291. 

Rood, Black, of Scotland, 18, 19, 
24, 25, 210 ; Bound, 41, 226, 303, 
303«. ; the great, 220, 302, 303 ; 
holy, 6, 198 ; over Jesus Altar, 

33-' 
Roods, 18*, 19, 25. 
Rood doors, the two, ^2, 221, 303. 
Rood-loft, 34, 219, 220, 221. 
Rood-loft, stone wall connected 

With, 32, 221. 

Rood Well, 24, 215. 

Rooms, 20, 212. 

Root of Jesse, 42, 228. 

Rope, strong, of shrine-cover, 4. 

Ross, bishops, see Robert, Roger. 

Ross, J., xvii. 

Rothomagus (Rouen), 128. 

Rouen (Rothomagus), 128, 201 ; 

Paschal at, 202. 
Rounton ? (Runton), 138. 
Rowe of blue marble, 34, 35, 222. 
Roxburghshire, 295. 
Royal descent of bishop Pudsey, 

Royal visit, 122, 292. 

Rud, Catalogue of MSS., 230, 239, 
263. 

Rufus, see Gaufridus. 

Rule, see Benedict. 

Rundel, Dr., 272. 

Runic characters, 247, 285. 

Runton (Rounton?), 138. 

Rupert of Deutz, 229. 

Ruphus, S., monastery of, 125, a 
house of regular canons near 
Valence. Adrian IV (Nicholas 
Breakspear) was the only English- 



INDKX. 



345 



man that ever became Pope. He 
succeeded in 1 154 and died in 
1 1 59. 

Rush, 66*, 71, -'40*. 

Ruspe, 131, jo;,. 

Rulhall, Tho., bishop, 2 10. 

Ryton, 159. 

Sabbatum Sanctum (Easter Even). 
Sabina, 63. 

Sac, Sacca, 137, -'04; "jurisdiction 
in matters of dispute." — Slubbs, 
Select Charters, Glossary. 

Sacrament, the holy, borne in 
procession, 13, 107 ; enclosed in 
"picture" of Christ, 12, 205. 

Sacrament-house, 19c). At the 
Church of St. Machar in Old 
Aberdeen they had in 1559 " the 
covering 1 of the sacrament house, 
with ane antipend for the lady 
altare of blew and yellow broig 
satin. Item, ane antipend for the 
sacrament house with a dornick 
towle to the sa.me."—J?egistru»i 
Episcopatus Aberdonensis (Edinb. 
1845), 1, Pref. App., xc. 

Sacrilege by dean Home, 239, 240. 

Sacring bells, 26, 216. 

Sacrist, 145, 264, 275, 278; chamber 
of, 98 ; establishment of, at 
Sacriston heugh, 279 ; five gromi 
of, 146 ; office ot, 97 ; servant or 
scholar of, 1. 

Sacrist's checker, 18, 22, 97, 98, 
170, 210, 211, 278, 300; passage 
to roof of, ^2 ; roll, 220. 

Sacriston, 214. 

Sacristy, 300. 

Sacriston heugh, 97, 279. 

Sad, 147, 295. 

Sadberge bought by Bishop Pudsey, 
141 ; earldom of, 74, 2^4. 

Sage-, 2S3. 

Sagersten, Master, 97. 

Saint, local, shrine of, 229. 

Saints, local, paragraphs on, 292 ; 
northern, xix ; see under their 
names, 113 ; names of, in Litany, 
bowing at, 191 . 

Saint, T., xviii. 

Si. Albans, 194 ; loft at, 209 ; screen 
at, 221*; shrines at, 196'; two 
doors at, 198. 

St. Augustine's, Canterbury, Cus- 
tomary of, 194. 

St. David's, bishops of, see Lynd- 
wode. 

St. Gall, plan of, 206. 

St. Margaret's Cross, 105, 287. 



St. Margarettes waird, wood or 

cupboard ', 97, 279. 
Salamis, 132. 
Salamond, Job., 144, 143. 

Salisbury, bishops of, see Osmund ; 
Cathedral of, 203 ; fox ami geese 
at, 277; Jesus anthem at, 221 ; 
see Sarum. 

Salisbury Crags, 215. 

Salome, 1 15. 

Salt and water, 302. 

Salts (saltcellars'), S 1 . 

Salve, the, 86, 267, 268. 

Salve of Jesus, 222. 

Salve Regina, 221, 267, 268*. 

Salve Rex, 222. 

Salves, singing of, 231. 

Salvi, S6, 267. 

Sampson, S., 129. 

Sancroft, archbishop of Canterbury, 

160 ; prebendary, 160. 
Sanctuarium Dunelm. el Beverlac. , 

226, 227. 
Sanctuary, the, 41, 42, 226. 
Sanctuary crosses, 227 ; grate, 303 ; 

men, gown of, 42 ; maintenance 

of, 42. 
Sanctuary yard, the cemetery garth ; 

see Centory Garth. 
Sanderson, Pair., xvii, xviii ; his 

edition of Kites, 258* ; Rob., 146; 

Will, (ballivus de Shells), 145. 
Sandwich St. Peter, crypt at, 246. 
Sandwich Wills, 220. 
Sara and Tobias, 172. 
Saracens, the, 132. 
Sartre, Sarlrina, 296. 
Sarlry, well at, 296. 
Sarum, see Breviary, Missal, Pro- 
cessional, Salisbury. 
Satchel for book, 250. 
Savignv, 242. 
Sawyer, 145. 
Saxon terms, 137, 294. 
Scallop, 224. 
Sceptre in hand of B.V., 110; of 

Henry VI, 49; of St. Oswald, 116, 

117. I«9- 

Sceptre, see Mace. 

Schmidt, see Smith, Bern. 

Scholastical and moderate con- 
gratulation, 89. 

School in Farmery without gates, 

9.*. 

School master ot the Farmery, 01, 

Schoolmaster, his livery ot " sad,' 

'47. -95- 
Scilla, a bell, 260. 
Scot, Geo., 145. 



346 



INDEX. 



Scotch prisoners defaced Neville 
tombs, 58, 244 ; in the church, 39, 
40. 

Scoli, 1 28. 

Scots, coming' of, 16 ; destroyed 
organs, etc., 163 ; invaded 
Bishopric, 299 ; king of, 95 ; 
miraculously restrained, 22 ; sent 
prisoners, 14, 206 ; subjugated, 
137 ; swallowed up, 139. 

Scotland, coming of St. Cuthbert 
into, 35; progress of Charles I to, 
97 ; two kings of, 138, 139. 

Scott, Sir G., Cleaning's, 196. 

Scottish lives of St. Cuthbert, 35 ; 
sea, 138 ; writers, 56, 242. 

Screen of wainscot, 38, 224, 226. 

Screens, places of, accounted for, 

, 303- 

Screen work of altar, 124; of fere- 
tory, 198. 
Scribe, 144. 

Scrip, with St. James, 1 17. 
Scriptores tres, Notes, passim. 
Scripture, texts of, 15, 18. 
Scriptures, studied by monks, 88*. 
Scroop of Masham, arms of, 255. 
Scudamore, Notitia Eucharistica, 

^ 194- 

Scutcheon, with arms of Hatfield, 

19; of Langley, i 10, 119; of 

Neville, 30. 
Scutcheons, of arms attributed to 

saints, 116; certain, 119; on 

Neville's Cross, 27. 
Sea-unicorn, 276. 
Sea water, stains of, 248. 
Seals, of bishops, 291. 
Seat, the old, in transept, 34, 114, 

290. 
Seaton, Will., 1 12. 
Sebba, Rex Orientalium Saxonum, 

125. 
Seeker, Mr., 272. 

Secret concerning St. Cuthbert, 168. 
Secretarius, 275, 278. 
Secrelum Dormitorii, 266. 
Seculars admitted to infirmary, 271 ; 

evil lives of, 140. 
Secular power, 89. 
Sedilia, 205. 

Segersten, the sacristan. 
Seggersten hewgh, 97, 279. 
Segresters Exchequer, 300 ; see 

Sacrist's checker. 
Selby, aumbries at, 193 ; Jesse win- 
dow at, 228 ; visitors at, 284. 
Seller, 80, 90, 268 ; cellar. 
Selling, Prior of Canterbury, 262. 
Selsey, 128. 
Sence, 107, 288. 



Sentory garth, 53 ; the cemetery 
garth ; see Centory. 

Sentrie, 41 ; sanctuary. 

Sentuarie or Sentuarie garth, 52, 
53, 68 : the cemetery garth ; see 
Centory. 

Septuagesima, 276. 

Sepulchre, modern Roman cere- 
mony of, 205. 

Sepulchre (Easter), 12*, 204. We 
cannot be sure that there was no 
stone structure at Durham, so 
that the note on p. 204 should 
have been expressed differently. 
The sepulchre itself was usually, if 
not always, a moveable closet, 
box, or " coffin " of wood, which 
was placed in a more or less 
elaborate stone recess in the north 
wall of the chancel. For a great 
number of examples see H. J. 
Feasey, Ancient English Holy 
Week Ceremonial, 1897, 129-178 ; 
not regarded as necessary, 205. 

Sepulchres, wooden, 204. 

Sepulchre cloths, 204, 205. 

Seraphim, 122, 292. 

Serapion, S., 130, 293. 

Sermons by monks at parish 
churches, 104 ; o\\ Sundays and 
holy days, 39, 46, 224. 

Servants, list of, 144, 294* ; numbers 
of, 283. 

Servers, weekly, in kitchen, 275. 

Servitors of the church, 38*. 

Set, 40 ; Durham for " sit " ; here = 
kneel. 

Sethar, 146, 294. 

Sewing, 282. 

Seven-branched candlesticks, 202. 

Se\ ille (Hispala), 127. 

Sext, office of, 175. 

Sexton's checker, 18, 210 ; see 
Sacrist's. 

Shakspeare, 249. 

" Sham " St. Cuthbert, 285. 

Sharp, Dr., 160, 272. 

Sharp's MS., 159, 296. 

Shaving, 270. 

Shaving-house, 270. 

Shaw, Alex., jun., 162, 298. 

Sheet with St. Aidan's soul, 121. 

Sheets, 99, 100, 282. 

Sherburn (Dorset), 130; (Durham) 
Hospital of, 73, 141, 253. 

Sheffield, Nich., 164/;. 

Shereman, Will., 163. 

Sherwood, Job., bishop, 210. 

Shields, South (Shells), 145. 

Ship driven back, 65, 70. 

Ships (for incense), 9, 201. 



INDEX. 



347 



of, 



94. 

md 



Shirts, 100, jSj. 

Shop, tailor's, 100. 

Shoroton, J oh., 146. 

Short read good road, 55, 240. 

Shrewsbury, frater pulpit at, 200. 

Shuffield, Anno, 1(14. 

Shuffield, Nich., 104. 

Shrine, of the Ven. Bede, 44, 46, 73. 
233, 303 ; of Corpus Christi in St. 
Nicholas' church, 69, 107, 251, 
288 ; of St. Cuthbert, 2*, 3, 4*, 
44, 45, 38, 73, 196, u)7, 27b ; clerk 
of, 27b ; cover of, drawn up on 
certain festivals, 4 ; defaced, 102 ; 
gifts to, 5, t> ; looks at corners of, 
04, 03 ; recesses under, 4, 196 ; 
shewing of, to men of honour or 
worship, 94 ; substructure of, its 
conveyance from London to Dur- 
ham, 196. 

Shrine, see Fereture, sense 2. 

Shrine-covers, mechanism of, 4, 197, 
2S7 ; that of St. Bode, 45, 2S7. 

Shrine-keeper, 27b ; colleague 
27b. 

Shrines, keys of, 94, 95, 96. 

"Shrines" (of Altars), 2, 
Canopied tombs at York 
Beverley have been commonly 
called " Archbishop Bowet's 
shrine," and "the Percy shrine." 

Sibilla, queen of Scots, 20, 21. 

Sick, offices for, 51, 237. 

Sigibert, king, 126, 129; baptized, 

,I33« M-- 

Siggeston, 138. 

Sign, bookseller's, of Bible and 
Crown, xvii ; of King's Head, 
xv ; ol Mr. Pope's Head, xviii. 

Silk, blue, 171 ; gold and red, 8; 
green, 171 ; rod, 171 ; white, 7 
171. 

Silver, blackening of, 19, 210 ; hooks 
of, 27b ; images of, 19, 23 ; pro- 
cessional cross and staff of, 105 ; 
offered, 94, 27b. 

Simeon Dunelm., sec Symeon. 

Simey, Ra., 2i>b. 

Simmons, Layfolks' Massbook, 200 \ 

Singing-breads, 1, 2, 193. 218. 

Singing men, 1(14 ; vestry of, 213. 

Singyll cloth, 14b, 147, 294. 

Sitting on knees, 4, 11, 34, 32, 107, 
196, 288, 289 ; Durham for kneel- 
ing. 

Six o'clock bell, 1 07 ; prayers, 264. 

Skeat, Etj mological Dictionary, 258, 

. -77. 339. 348. 

Skill's or Skelus, Geo. and Ra., 286. 

Skirlaw, Skirlaugh, or Schirley, 

wrongly Skirlam, Walter, bishop. 



18, 59, 121, 165, 209, 245, 300; 
altar of, <)7 ; arms of, 110", 120, 
165, 169, 209, 255, 28<). The 
bishop is said to have boon the 
son of a sieve-maker, " hut it 
seems highly probable I hat the 
tradition arose from the bearing 
on the bishop's shield of arms — 
six osier-wands interlaced." — 
Murray's Durham Cathedral , iSixj, 
355. Godwin does not mention 
this tradition, but Lelaiul does : 
" His Fathar, as some say, was a 
Makar of Ciffenes for Meale." 
It in., Hearne's ed., 1744, Vol. 
viii, p. 9 ; marg. fol. 32a. 
" Ciffene " seems to be a word 
allied to Ciftc and Cyft, obsolete 
forms of Sift \ bench in chapel of, 
209 ; benefactions of, 73, 76, 254 ; 
body of, 18, 209; chantry chapel 
of, 209 ; executors of, 253 ; for- 
merly bishop of Lichfield and of 
Wells, 73 ; grave-cover of, 18, 
209. 

Slater (valect.), 143. 

Slawghterman (grotnus), 14b. 

Sleaven on, 93, 277. 

Smales, the lame boy, 300. 

Smart, Ja., 163, 164. 

Smith (faber), 143. 

Smith's work, 246. 

Smith, Smyth or Smylhe, Bern., 164, 
299* ; Edw., 143, ib2*, 298 ; Job., 
97 ; Job., Dr., his edition of Bede, 
160, 197, 230, 233; Rob., 90; 
Will., 162, 298' ; Will., sen., 162, 
29S ; Will., bishop of Lincoln, 220. 

Smoked black images, 19, 23, 210. 

Socks, 97 ; and boots put on the 
dead, 31, 32, 237 ; whole and half, 
100; of woollen cloth, 100. 

Socket for banner, 9b, 277 ; of 
Neville's Cross, 27, 217. 

Socne, 137, 204;S0Ca, "jurisdiction; 
interpellatio majoris audientice, a 
liberty, privilege or franchise, 
granted by the king to a subject ; 
also the area within which that 
franchise is exercised.'' — Stubbs. 

Sodor, .Man, and the Isles, bishops, 
sec Richard. 

Solarium Caritatis, 2b8. 

Solder, used in Neville's Cross, 27, 
28. 

Sole, 83 : sill of a window. 

Sole stone, 27 ; the foundation stone 
ot Neville's Cross, on which the 

socket Stone was lixed. 
Somerset, Joh., 123. 



348 



INDEX. 



Somner, Mr., Lite of, 297 ; on 
Roman Ports, 297. 

Song-school, in cloisters, by Trea- 
sury, 97, 263, 264, 278 ; in Centory 
Garth, 62, 247 ; do., disused and 
decayed, 63 ; formerly Sexton's 
checker, 97 ; Langley's, 44 ; in 
south aisle of Lantern, 264 ; 
master of, 43, 164, 165, 231 ; Old, 
170. 

Song-schools, 18, 22, 164, 209, 299. 

Sophronius, 135. 

South Bailey, 84, 263. 

South door of church, 6t ; holy- 
water stone at, 38. 

South grates, why so called, 273. 

South Kensington Museum, 202. 

South quire door, 8, 9, 77, 200. 

South Saxons, 128. 

Southwark, 240. 

Sovereigns, pedigrees ct\ xi. 

Spalter, 52*, 238. 

Spark or Sparke, bishop suffragan, 
etc., 39, 100, 166, 224, 225, 282, 
288, 300. 

Speaker's Commentary, 200. 

Spear point, banner on, 23. 

Spekehouse, 238. 

Spencer, arms of, 255. 

Spendement or Splendement, 263. 

Spices, 99; against Lent, 101, 283. 

Spirit, wicked, in likeness of a 
woman, 120. 

Spiritual Court, 252. 

Spital, the, at Northallerton, 253. 

Splendement, le, see Spendement. 

Spouts of lavatory, 262. 

Sprinkling, 302, 303. 

Square, 22, 213. 

Square taper, 11, 203. 

Stable under porch of Almery, 91*. 

Stabuli gromus, 146. 

Staff of St. Christopher, no, 113, 
289 ; forked, for taking down or 
raising St. Cuthbert's banner, 96 ; 
and cross in hand of St. James, 
116 ; in hand of St. Michael, 115. 

Staindrop, 137. 

Stairs to Anchorage, 17, 209 ; near 
clock, 167, 168, 301 ; to Dean's 
hall, 99, 101, 284 ; to Loft, 87*, 
269. ' 

Stair head, of Almery, 91, 273. 

Stall, of Bishop of Durham, 211 ; 
where novices learned, 84, 85, 
264; or seat, for master of novices, 
84, 264. 

Stalls on either side of corpse, 52 ; 
in quire, 14. 

Stamford, 139. 



Stammine, 97, 100, 282. (1) woollen 
cloth or linsey-woolsey ; (2) shirts, 
etc., made thereof, as now we 
speak of " flannels." Otherwise 
Tamine or Tammy, a kind of stuff, 
from Old Fr. est amine, con- 
nected with stamen, a thread, 
" the warp standing up in an 
upright loom,'' Skeat. 

Stanchels, 68, 74 ; stanchions or 
upright bars. In the case of 
windows, the iron uprights be- 
tween the mullions, sometimes the 
mullions themselves. 

Stanchell, 83 ; a mullion. 

Stanley, Memorials of Canterbury, 
196. 

Star, of Bethlehem, in glass, 47 ; of 
great compass, 40. 

Stars, little gilted, 38 ; of gold, 38, 
40 ; or mullets, 1 19. 

Statues of founders, etc., on steeple, 

, 93- 

Status or lists, of ferelrars, 288. 
Statutes, alleged order in, 265. 
Staves of iron, for shrine-cover, 5, 

197. 
Steel indicated by blue glass, 290. 
Steeple, a square-topped tower that 

never had a spire, 92, 274*. 
Stephanus, S. (abbas), 135. 
Stephen, king, 20, 21 ; said to have 

been uncle of bishop Pudsey, 55, 
^ 73, 228, 241, 252. 
Stephen, St., 1 13. 
Steps, to pulpit in Galilee, 46 ; in 

the quire, 10, II, 14*, 182, 187, 

202 ; etc., to reading desk in 

frater, 82. 
Sternhold and Hopkins, 217. 
Stewart, Ely Cathedral, 247, 271, 

277. 
Stichell, Rob., bishop, 55, 242, 243 ; 

formerly Prior of Finchale, 55 ; 

founded Great ham Hospital, 256. 
Stobbs, Ric, 146. 
Stockton, 243. 
Stoles, 10, 57, 172, 175, 180, 185, 

187, 190, 201, 221, 293. 
Stone, one, two bishops under, 54, 

55- 

Stones in hand of St. Stephen, 113. 

Stone cutter, 295. 
Stone-henge, 262. 
Stonyhurst College, 250. 
Stool or seat for porter, 78, 257. 
Stooles (stoles) and fannels, 10, 201. 
Storehouse, 75. 
Storer, Cathedrals, 259. 
Strangers, 99, 100 ; not suffered to 
molest novices, 84, 85. 



INDEX. 



J49 



Stratford, Joh., archbishop of Can- 
terbury, 158, 

Strictus pannus, narrow cloth ? 147. 

Strype, Life of Parker, 2(13. 

Stuhbs, Glossary to Select Charters, 
329, 345, 347, 349, 351, 353. 
Reg. Sacr. Angl., jji), 295. 

Studying in carrells, 83, 262 ; in 
cloister till 3 p.m., 87. 

Subdeacon without tunicle, 179, 182. 

Subprior, or Supprior, 81, 93, 112, 
250, j<>4, 2t>7, 275 ; liis chamber, 
S<>, 93 ; dined and supped with 
whole convent, 86, 267 ; sat as 
chief among the monks at table, 

87*. 93. 275- 

Subsacrist, 265. 

Sudbury, dean, 164, 257, 260 ; Sir 
John, 260. 

Suffragan, 19, 39, 224. 

Sufraigne, 19 ; a suffragan bishop. 

Sulpicius, S., 1 28. 

Sulpicius Severus, 13c. 

Summer hall, 281. 

Sun, gilt star like to, 40 ; and moon, 
in glass, 47 ; wanting- light, 1 14. 

Sunbeam shining on St. Cuthbert, 
118. 

Sunbeams on St. Oswald, 119. 

Sunday, sermon on, in Galilee, 39, 
46, 224. 

Sundays and holy days, sermon on, 
in Galilee, 46. 

Sunday letter, 292 ; morning, holy- 
water stones rilled on, 38 ; pro- 
cession on, 172, 179, 302. 

Sunderland, 145. 

Superstrueture in steeple, 93. 

Supper, 93 ; ended at 5 p.m., 86. 

Suppression, the, ix, xv, 6, 7, 39, 
()j, 63, 68, 73, 75, 91*, 92, 95, 101, 
102*, 104, 198, 207, 224 ; see 
Dissolution. 

Surplice, worn by clerk of feretory, 
96, 277. 

Surtees, arms of, 255 ; History of 
Durham, 157//., 240, 242, 254, 25b ; 
do., Plates of seals in, 291. 

Suspent, 39, 22$. 

Sussex Archasol. Collections, 266. 

Suthfeld, Walt, de, bishop of Nor- 
wich, 151, 152. 

Swallwell, Dr., 18, 210; Edw., 145; 
The., 146. 

Swan pool, 261. 

Sweeping and cleaning, 22. 

Sweetmeats for Maundy, 256. 

Swell, of organ, 300. 

Swift, Mr.. 100, 28a ; Rob., 206. 

Sword with St. [Catherine, 115; in 
hand of St. Michael, 1 13. 



269, 
-- }, 

7". 



Swythelm, king, 129. 

Symeon, holy, 173*, 174*. 

Symeon ol Durham, xix//., 
-•7° : Hist. Eccl. Dunelm., 
234, 240, 247*, 24S, 2 49< , 250, 

293* ; Rolls edition of, 197, 24 
Rlld's edition of, 22S, 234, 241 ; 

continuator of, 22X, 252 \ narrative 

based o\\, 250 ; Opera et Collec- 
tanea, Surtees Soc, I, 11)7, 213, 
227*, 234, 241. 
Symson, Joh., 286. 

Tabernacle, for Sacrament, 199. 
Table in f rater, 82 ; in treasury, 84* 

263. 
Table cloths. Si, 99 ; napkins, 99. 
Table Hall at Canterbury, 270. 
Table, 33, 40, 221, 225 ; of pardons, 

43i 230 ; triptych, ^t„ 221. 
Tablets, for names of persons to be 

prayed for, 208. 
Tabula pacis, 200. 
Tabulae, pictures, 233. 
Tabulae, substitute for bells, 1S3, 

187. 
Tached, 13, 203. 
Tackets for sepulchre, 204. 
Tailor, Chamberlain's, 100. 
Tailors, 283. 
Tailors' shop, 296. 
Taking to pieces, 9, 13, 206, 209. 
Tallis, Tho. , epitaph of, 231. 
Tallow for cressets, 3, 22 ; see S5 ; 

195. 213. 
Tamine or Tammy, 348. 
Tapers, 9, 11, 12, 201. 
Taperers, 302. 
Tarragona (Terraco), 130. 
Tasselled canopy, 203. 
Taunton, on Black Monks, 277. 
Tavernum (Therouane), 130. 
Tavistock Abbey, 282. 
Taylor, Mr., 300. 
Taylyour, Tho., 144. 
Team, 294 ; "the right of compelling 

the person to whose hands stolen 

or lost property was found to 

vouch to warranty, that is, to 

name the person from whom he 

received it."--Stubbs. 
Te Deum, shrine exposed during 

i)4, 276; sung, 107, 205, 214. 
Te Deum window, 32, 78. 
Teasdale, — , 164. 
Tees, river, 137, 143, 231. 
Tees and Tvne, land between, 137. 
Tempest, arms of, 235. 
Temple, the Inner, 21)7. 
Temporal law, 89 ; men, offences 

of, 89. 



35° 



INDEX. 



Tenter hooks, 276 ; originally hooks 
for attaching cloth to the 
" tenters " on which it was 
stretched ; hence any similar 
hooks. 

Terce, 172, 179, 279. 

Terence, 263. 

Terraco (Tarragona), 130. 

Terrarii gromus, 146. 

Terrer, S9, 90, 99, 272, 281. 

Terrer's chamber, 100 ; checker, 99, 
281. 

Terrors' rolls, 281. 

Tersanctus, 216. 

Testamenta Eboracensia, 324, 341*. 

Textus (tectos ?), 262. 

Thanksgiving, public, ix. 

Theodore, St., archbishop of Canter- 
bury, 127, 131*, 133, 134, 135. 

Theodulphus, S., 130. 

Theonas, S., 134. 

Theophanius, 126. 

Therouane (Tavernum), 130. 

Thirlby, Tho., bishop of Ely, 285. 

Thirteen poor men's feet washed, 
256. 

Thmuis, 293. 

Thockerington, 218. 

Tholetum (Toledo), 128. 

Thomas, a monk, 114, 120; St., 
114, 116; feast of, 229 ; of Canter- 
bury, St., martyrdom of, 119; 
bishop of Enaghdun, 152, 158. 

Thompson, Sir E. M., xiv ; Biblio- 
graphica, 248 ; Customary edited 
by, 194 ; English Illuminated 
MSS., 248. 

Thomson, Ant., 146 ; Tho., 145. 

Thorney, 130. 

Thorns and thickets, 66, 71, 249. 

Thornton, passage at, 238. 

Thornton, Roger, brass of, 320. 

Thorough carved work, 79 ; see 
Through. 

Thorp, archdeacon, 159. 

Thread, white and black, 282. 

Threserhouse, treasure house, q.v. 

Threshfield, x, xi. 

Thrones (angels), 292. 

Throsby referred to, 208. 

Through (of marble or stone), 15, 
44, 59, 60*, 68, 87, 207, 233. 

Through stone, over tomb of St. 
Cuthbert in the cloisters, 68, 74. 

Through stones, 59, 60*. 

Through carved work, 33, 79 ; 
perforated or open-work, in which 
the wood is cut through so as to 
show either day-light or plain 
wood, or some gilding or colour 
at the back of it. 



Thurible, at blessing of paschal, 
188 ; empty, bearer of, 185, 187 ; 
kindled from the new fire, 186, 
187 ; see Censers. 

Thuribler, 179*. 

Thurstinus, 128, 293. 

Thwart, athwart, 118. 

Tingle nails (tynkyll nayll), the 
smallest nails, sprigs, or tacks, 
260. 

Tipt staffe, 8, 200 ; a staff tipped 
with silver or with some device, a 
verger's mace. 

To, 92, 274 ; in the presence of. 

Tobias, 172. 

Todde, Dr., 99. 

Tol, 294 ; toll, duty on imports. 

Toledo (Tholetum), 128. 

Toll, to sound a bell in a particular 
way, 39, 224. 

Toll booth, 107, 288. 

Tomb, money laid on, 276 ; of 
bishop Beck, 2, 194 ; of St. Bede, 
examinations of, 235; of St. Cuth- 
bert in the cloisters, 68, 74, 251 ; 
made by bishop William I, 73 ; 
the windows in connexion with, 
77- 2 55 ; of St - Godric, 253. 

Tombs, canopied, called "shrines," 

347- 

Tombstone, of bishop Beaumont, 15, 
206 ; of bishop de Bury, 2, 194. 

Tombstones, in Mrs. Whittingham's 
yard, 62, 246 ; profaned by dean 
Whittingham, 60. 

Torches, 13 ; appertaining to ban- 
ners, 107, 108. 

Towels, 83, 262 ; ambry or closets 
for, 79, 257, 262* ; do., bill for 
making of, in 1433, Scr. Tres, 
App. No. cccxlvii. 

Tower, battle watched from, 2T4 ; 
central, 213 ; N. W., 224. 

Tower lights, or windows, 48, 50, 
51, no, in*, 112*, 113*, 114, 115*, 
116*, 117*, 121, 122*, 236, 237, 
289 ; same as turret lights, q.v. 

Towle bowth, 107, 288. 

Townsend, Dr., 230. 

Tracts sung by two in albes, 189. 

Trade guilds, 288. 

Traditions as to St. Cuthbert, 301. 

Trajectum (ad Mosam, Maestricht), 

130. i3 2 - 
Transept, north, 302 ; south, 168, 

301, 303- 
Transepts, see Alley, of Lantern. 
Transeptal chapel, 210. 
Translation of Bishop Eadmund, 55. 
Translations of early bishops, 240 ; 



INDEX. 



35 ' 



ot St. Bede, 45, 4<> ; of St. Cuth- 

bert, <>3, (>7, 69. 
Transoms, 291. 
Trap door, Si), 272. 
Travellers, provision for, 89. 
Treasure of tin* church, 83*, 263, 

295. 
Treasurer of the Chapter, 277 ; 

duties of, 202. 
Treasurers' books, 278, 29S, 209. 
Treasure-house, S3*, 84*, 263, 264, 

265, 27S ; ambries in, 263. 
Treasury, chests in, 84, 263, 264 ; 

documents in, 217. 
Treasure house door, 84, 85, 263. 
Treasury, the now, 84, 2(13. 
Trecasina (Trows), 132. 
Trellis, 37, 223 ; holes connected 

with, 223. 
Trellis door, 37, 221, 223. 
Trent, river, 138. 
Tresaunce, le, 259. 
Triehecus Rosmarus, 276. 
Trinity, Holy, representations of, 

30, 290, 292. 
Trinity Sunday, procession on, 105, 

106 ; Thursday after, 107. 
Triple crown, 1 15. 
Triptych (see Table). 
Tristram, canon, 290, 296. 
Trithemius, De Scr. Eccl., 234. 
Triumphal entry, 180, 181. 
Troves (Trecasina), 132. 
Tunycle for the Pascall, 202. Pro- 
bably for the deacon at the 

blessing of the paschal ; see p. 

.87. 
Tunicle, 221 ; sub-deacon without, 

179, 182. 
Tunstall, Cuthb., bishop, 39, i66> 

245, 286, 288. 
Turgot, prior, 55, 56*, 67*, 72, 240, 

241, 242, 250; as bishop of St. 

Andrews, 56*, 242 ; carried to 

Durham for burial, 56, 242. 
Turret windows or lights, 109*, 

110*, 111*, 114*, 119*, 120*, 121, 

122, 236, 289. 
Tutor, see Novices. 
Twelve lessons, feasts of, 191. 
Two bodies in one grave, 240. 
Tyled stone, 86, 267 ; stone pavers 

resembling tiles. 
Tyler, Tlio., 164. 
Tymensis episcopus (of Thmuis in 

Egypt?), 130, 2^)1. 
Tyndall, Ric, 145. 
Tyndes, 24 ; the lines or pointed 

branches of t lie horns of deer. 
Tyne, river, 135, 137, 139. 
Tyne and Tees, land between, 236. 



Tyne and Wear, lands between, 139. 
Tynemouth, <>), 1 49. 
Tynemouth, John of, 293. 

Udalric, 262. 
Ugenius, bishop, 76. 
(Jmfreville, arms of, 233. 
Underwood, Joh., 144. 

Unicorn horn, 04, 276. 
University Coll. Oxon. MS., 196. 
Urban us V, pope, 1 23. 
L'rbs Legion um (Caerieon-on-Usk, 

[sea Silurum), 1 20,. 
Urceoli, cruets, 171, 201. 
Ursinus, 133. 
Usher, Gentleman, 256. 
Usher door, 78, 87, go, 238, 256, 

269, 273. 
Uthred, earl ot Northumberland, 66, 

71, 251. 
Utware, 294 ; " explained as a grant 

of land by the king from the public 

land : Thorpe" — Stubbs. 

Valectus, 144, 294. 

Yalectus carter, 143 ; cellarii vini, 

144 ; COCUS d'ni Prioris, 145 ; 

parvae donuis, 143 ; promptuarii, 

294 ; refectorii, 145 ; sclater, 145 ; 

stabuli, 144 ; terrarii, 143. 
Yalecti, liveries of, 144, 147; clerici, 

144 ; offieiariorum, 143. 
Valence, 344. 
Valencia, 129. 
Valhalla, 237. 
Vandals (Wandales), 137. 
Van Mildert, Will., bishop, 243. 
Varnish, green, 30; red or sanguine, 

5, .9, 32, Si. 
Varnished work, 2, 3, 19, 30, 32, 40. 
Vault (charnel) in Gentry garth, 

59, 243 ; a little, called the Covie, 

92, 170, 274 ; candlestick found 

hid in, 206 ; the middle, 7, 198 ; 

pulley under, 4, 197 ; ot south 

quire aisle, 19. 
Vaults for bones, 243, 246. 
Vaults (groining), 11, 203. 
Vaulted basement ot guest hall, 

. 2 ~ 2 : 
Vaulting that fell in, 272. 

Vecta (Wight), 128. 

Velvet, black, 171 ; of divers colours, 

171 ; red, 7, 171 ; red and gold, 
for sepulchre, 12 ; red and white, 
of St. Cuthbert's banner, 26, ge. 

Vere, arms of, [69, 255. 

Verger, 256 ; old, port rait of, 200. 

Vergers, s, <), 200, 2O3. 
Verses, Latin, 124; in glass, 76, 
233 ; on St. Bede's shrine, 43, 233. 



152 



INDEX. 



Verty, Cuthbert, 146. 

Vespers, 276, 301. 

Vestibule, 226. 

Vestment, 57, 221, 243 ; often used 

of a complete set of Eucharist ic 

vestments ; red, 1 18. 
Vestments, 8, 17, 22, 98, 171 ; suits 

of, 32, 221 ; and plate, given to 

St. Cuthbert, 106*. 
Vestry, 8, 9, 19, 162, 211, 278; 

ordinations in, 19, 212 ; organ-loft 

near, 163 ; used by Minor Canons, 

211. 
Vestry house, 162; glass in, 117, 

118. 
Vestries, constructed outside, 218. 
Vicar general, Prior Turgot made, 

67, 72. 
Vice Prior, 94*, 259, 275, 284. 
Vietoris, S., abbas, 125. 
Vigor, S., 133. 
Villains, great, 169*. 
Viollet le Due, on bonehouses, 315. 
Vincentius Lirineu.sis, 135. 
Viretum Palatii, 298. 
Virgil, 263. 
Virgin, the B., and St. John, figures 

of, on processional crosses, 201. 
Virtues (angels), 292. 
Viscera interred separately, 241. 
Vision, king David's, 24 ; Prior 

Fossour's, 2T,. 
Visitatio tumuli, 269. 
Visitations of monastery, 102. 108, 

284, 285. 
Visitation Articles, of archbishop 

Cranmer, 201. 
Visitors, 102*, 103*, 284, 286. 
Vitas Patrum, 267. 

Wafers for letters, 194 ; at Maundy, 
78, 79, 256. 

Wages, allowance of money to a 
monk to find him apparel, 97 ; 
never received by novices, 97, 
278 ; of Prior's household, 101 ; 
of servants, 99. 

Waghorn, Mrs., xvii. 

Wainscot, 2 ; the usual term for 
oak as used in church or house- 
hold fittings, such as panelling, 
ambries, etc. The word is a 
corruption of the Old Dutch 
waeghe-schot, wall-boarding. — 
Skeat ; aumbries of, 5, 83, 98, 
262 ; about altars, viz., of the 
Bound rood, 41 : of Jesus, 32, 33 : 
of the Neville porch, 40 : of Our 
Ladv, 43, 44, 230 ; at back of Black 
Rood, 18, 19 ; etc., burnt, 163 ; 
carrells and their doors of, 83 ; 



ceiling of, in cloisters, 77, 254 ; 
ceiling of, within East Cloister 
door, 40 ; chambers of, in dorter, 
85, 266 ; imbroidered work of, 80, 
258 ; partitions of, 2 ; pictures on, 
1 13 ; Prior Castell's, in frater, 80, 
257 ; reredos of, 212 ; sawn for 
sepulchre, 204 ; screen of, 38*, 
224, 226 ; screen of, over table in 
frater, 82 ; seats and partitions of, 
in Privies, 86 ; shrines of, 2 ; 
shrine-covers of, 4, 45 ; stalls of, 
84, 85, 264. 

Waird, 97, 279. 

Waiting at table, 90. 

Wakefield, old Park at, 294. 

Walbran, Guide to Ripon, 193, 245. 

Walcher, bishop, 55, 240, 243 ; acts 
of, 140 ; proposed monks, 140* ; 
slain, 140*. 

Walcott, Scotimonasticon, 199 ; 
Traditions, etc., 265. 

Walking on the sea (St. Peter), 121. 

Wall broken through, 2, 194. 

Wall-benches in chapter-house, 243. 

Wall-lockers, 199. 

Wall-painting, 226. 

Wall-paper on roof-timbers, 296. 

Walnuts, 101, 284. 

Walrus, 276. 

Walton's Polyglot, 247. 

Walworth, 23. 

Wand of silver, for banner, 26. 

Wandales (Vandals), 137. 

Wanded or wattled kirk, 66, 71, 
249, 251*. 

Wandes, Wandyd, 66, 249. 

Wandragesilus, S., 134. 

Warburton, Will., bishop of Glou- 
cester, XVH, 

Warde Lawe, 66, 71, 249. 
Warden Law, 249. 
Wardens of the Mass, 220. 
Ware, abbot, Consuetudinary of, 

194, 278. 
Warming-house, 270. 
Warmness, footboards for, 62, 79, 

243- 
Warmington, vestry altar at, 212. 
Wars, Danish, cessation of, 65, 70. 
Was, 39, 83 ; Durham for were. 
Washing before dinner, 82, 262 ; of 

dead body, 237. 
Washing-house, 60, 246. 
Washington, prior, see Wessington. 
Watching to God, 14. 
Watching-chamber, 211. 
Watchmen that lay in the church, 

39- 40. 
Water chamber, 281. 
W'ater conduit in dean's kitchen, 61. 



INDEX. 



353 






Water supply, monastic, 261. 
Watkins, H. W., archdeacon, ji>(>. 
Watson, Mr., 171 mar-. ; Rog., 

(,)u, j; ',. 281 ; Will., 94, mi, 27s, 
284. 

Wattled churches, 249. 

Walts. Dr., 272. 

Waverley, cresset at, 195, 

Wax, blessing of, 17- ; for church, 
97. 

Wax lights, distribution of, 174 ; on 
Easter Even, 186, [87. 

Waynman (gromus, bis), 146. 

Wear (Wirus), river, 73, 134, 139. 

Wear mouth (.Monk), 134, 13S, 140, 
141, 149 ; monks of, 67, 72. 

Weepers, 245. 

Weeping, St. John Evany., by 
Cross, 1 1 7. 

Well, in cloister-garth, xxi, 261 ; 
at Sartry, 296. 

Well-houses and well connected 
with Galilee, 2^2. 

Wells, bishops of, see Skirlaugh ; 
Cathedral of. plan of, 303;/. ; choir- 
screen at, 212; Jesse window at, 
22S ; processional stones at, 303. 

Wellesley, Dr., horses of, 2-2. 

Wendover, Klores Hist., 240. 

Wenlock, lavatory at, 261, 262. 

Were, 294. 

Wergild, 294 ; " the payment for the 
slaying of a man." — Stubbs. 

Wessington, Weshington, or Wash- 
ington, John, prior, xviii, xix/;., 
22. 23, 33, 124;/., 207, 208, 212, 213, 
220, 244, 269, 278, 289. 

West window, 42, 227. 

Westminster Abbey, altar of St. 
Faith at, 212; candlestick at, 
202 ; common-house at, 270 ; 
dresser windows at, 269 ; duties 
of westerer at, 212; lavatory at, 
261 ; Maundy at, 236 ; Maundy 
bench at, 257 ; misericorde at, 
268 ; nine-holes at, 277 ; rere- 
dorter at, 266; shrine at, 196; 
shrine-altar at, 197 ; towel- 
ambries at, 262 ; two doors at, 
198 ; water supply of, 261. 

Westminster Hall, XV. 

Westmoreland, earl of, 40, 58, 244. 

Westou, Alfredus filius, Westoue, 
Elfred, 131, 275, 2S7. 

Westwood, Miniatures and Orna- 
ments, 24S. 

Wheat, 100, 278, 279. 

Wheel of St. (Catherine, 112, 113, 

1 '5" 

Wheels under Archangels, 122. 
Wheelwright, 143. 

21 



Wheler, Sir George, 4<>. 
"When- is St. Cuthbert's body?" 
286. 

Whig, a rank, 169. 

Whitby (Qwytby), 128. 

Whitby, Dr., (><», ro8, 231, 288. 

White, J., xviii. 

White church, 67*, 72, 140, 141, 

24c), 230, 231. 
While glass, ioq, 110, [II, 113*, 

116, 117. 
Whitehead, Hugh, last Prior and 

first Dean, 34, 90, 171 marg., 210, 

239- 

Whitehede, Rob., 143. 

Whitfelde, Tho., 147! 

Whithern, 295*. 

Whitleather, 279. 

Whitsunday, 93 ; procession on, 
103, 106. 

Whittingham, Daniel and Tim., 246 ; 
Will., dean, 26, 39, 169', 170, 216, 
2 1 7, 237, 263 ; broke up image of St. 
Cuthbert, 68, 75 ; his depredations 
on roof of {"rater, 81 ; his hatred 
of ancient monuments, 69, 73 ; his 
profanations, 60, 61 ; took away 
holy-water stones to his kitchen, 
61. 

Whittingham, dean, and Mrs., wills 
of, 246; Katherine, house of, 61, 
246 ; her profanations, 26, 61, 62, 
217. 

\\ iddrington, arms of, 233. 

Wight (Vecta), isle of, 128. 

Wight, Durham for "weight," 112. 

Wigornia (Worcester), q.v. 

Wilfrid, St., archbishop of York, 50, 
127, 139; in glass, 49, 63, 70. 

Wilkins, Concilia, 201, 202, 237, 278, 
288. 

William 1, king, 20, 21, 137, 141, 212, 
294 ; II, king, 20, 21, 33, 138, 141, 
241, 242 ; king of Scots, 21, 22; 
St., archbishop of York, 118, 230, 
2qi ; I, bishop, see Carilef ; 
II, bishop, see Barbara; bishop of 
Brechin, 133 ; bishop of Caith- 
ness, 132* ; bishop of Dunkeld, 
133 ; son of Absolon, 233. 

Willis, Browne, Cathedrals, 217, 
239, 240*, 241*, 242*, 244, 243; 
Henrv, organ-builder, 300 ; Pro- 
fessor R., on Conventual Buildings 
at Canterbury, 26C, 263, 266, 2OS, 
271, 333; on Worcester Cathedral, 
246. 

Willonne, Will, 94. 

Willoughby, arms of, 2^z,. 

Willoughby de Eresby, Rob. Drum- 
mond, 244. 



354 



INDEX. 



Willson, Will., 166. 

Wilson, Memorials oi~ Edinburgh, 

Winchelsey's Statutes, 26S. 

Winchester, 130*, 132 ; bishops of, 
Fox, 193 ; chapel of, at, 193 ; 
Home, 239 ; candlestick at, 202 ; 
Cathedral, 240 ; fireplace at, 194 ; 
pelican badge at, 199 ; relic-cup- 
board at, 193 ; Rolls at, 275 ; 
sacrilege at, 240 ; shrines at, 
196* ; two doors at, 198. 

Winchester School, 270. 

Windlass, in legend of St. Margaret, 
120, 291. 

Window, at which children had 
meat given out, 91, 92, 274 ; St. 
Cuthbert's, 3, 196 ; of the Four 
Doctors, 31, 220, 222 ; Joseph's, 
3, 196 ; St. Katherine'.s, 2, 6, 
195" ; Te Deum, 31, 32, 220. 

Windows, description of, xi, xii*, 
xiii, xiv, xvii, xviii, xviiiw., 109- 
122, 2SS-292 ; of laver, 82, 262 ; of 
Nine Altars, 93 ; in privies, 86, 
266, 267 ; repaired, 98 ; of steeple, 

9-2- 93- 
Windshole yett, 107*. 
Windsor, 243. 
Windy Gap, 288. 
Wine, in cellar of Guest-hall, 90 ; 

for masses, 1, 2, 97 ; for Maundy, 

256 ; for monks and for " O," 101 ; 

for strangers, 100, 281 ; tun of, in 

Sacrist's checker, 97. 
Wine cellar, the Dean's, 61. 
Winghatn, Henr. de, bishop of 

London, 153. 
Winter hall, 281. 
Winterton, 290 ; sepulchre-cloth at, 

T 2 °-v 
Wintringham, Yks., 341. 
Wite, 294. 
With, Durham for "by" ; "a dozen 

cressetts . . . euer filled and 

supplied with the cooke," p. 85. 
Withan, Edw., 146. 
Within, 19, 97, 21 1. 
Witton Gilbert, 274. 
Witviter, 137, 294. 
Wlstanus, S., Wulfstan II, bishop of 

Worcester, 130. 
Wlstan, Wulfstan II, archbishop of 

York, 143. 
" Woe worth the day," 354, col. 2. 
Wolsingham, rector of, 225. 
Wolveston, barngreiff de, 145. 
Woman in man's clothes, 134. 
Women to have access to the Lady 

Chapel, 43*, 229 ; church for, 42, 

228 ; excluded, from churches 



1 dedicated to St. Cuthbert, 37, 22^, 
228 ; from his church by St. 
Karileph, 134, 228, 293 ; four aged, 
had meat from the Prior's table, 
91, 92 ; probably relatives of 
monks, 274 ; not suffered to go 
further than Abbey gates, 105 ; 
not to enter within the precinct, 
35' 43- --3 ! not to pass blue 
marble cross, 35. 

Wood, Anth., 239; Athena: Oxon., 
xv, 161, 297 ; City of Oxford, 228. 

Woodstock, 300. 

Woodwork burned by Scotch 
prisoners, 14, 206 ; none earlier 
than 1663, 206. 

Wool Church, cressets at, 195. 

Woollen underclothing, 282. 

Woorde, 231, become. The proper 
form is " wurtJen " or "worsen." 
It survives in the archaic " Woe 
worth the day." 

Worcester (Wigornia), 130, 131, 259, 
299 ; bishops of, see Wulfstan ; 
cellar and cove)' at, 258 ; chamber- 
lain at, 282, 283 ; charnel at, 246 ; 
frater pulpit at, 260 ; granator at, 
282 ; lavatory at, 261 ; officers and 
servants at, 275 ; Prior's hall at, 
273 ; rere-dorter at, 266*, 267 ; 
water supply of, 261. 

Wordsworth, Notes on Mediaeval 
Services, 200, 218. 256, 279. 

Worh, 59, for worth, worthiness. 

Wrangham, Chr., 145. 

Wrecch, 137, 294; wreck, the right 
to the same when cast ashore. 

Wrench, Rd., 159. 

Wrests, 9, 13, 18, 19, 201, 210. 

Wright, John, x, 146; Rog., 99, 
275 ; Tho., x. 

Writhen, 6, 198. Iron was put 
round it in some way to strengthen 
it ; perhaps a long strip was 
twisted spirally round it. In Test. 
Ebor., vi, J72, we find " a writhyne 
ryng-e of golde " (c. 1542). 

Writing taught, 298. 

Writing school, 167. 

Wulfstan, see Wlstan. 

Wyatt, the architect, 195. 

Wycliffe, arms of, 255. 

Wyloume, Will., 94. 

Wyndowes, windlass, 120, 291. 

Wyndshole yett, 107, 288. 

Wynter, Joh., 145. 

Xpall, 13, 205. Rock crystal. "At 
Maestricht is preserved a twelfth- 
century cross of rock crystal, 
which in the sunlight flashes up and 






INDEX. 



.•>:>;> 



shines like fire." — H. J. Feasey, 
Ancient Engl, Holy Week Cere- 
monial, 242. Crosses of beryl and 
of chalcedony (English) are there 
referred to. 

Yeattes, 105, gates ; see Fawden. 
Yeoman of the Cellar, 94. 
Yeoman usher, 144. 
Woman to wait on strangers, 100. 

York, \i, 127 , 128'. [31, 1 ;o, 143, 
206, 284 ; archbishops of, see 

Bowet, Cedda, Grey, Greenfield, 
John, Ludham, Matthew, Melton, 
Neville, Oswald, Wilfrid, William, 
St., Wulfstan II, Zouche ; bishop 
Langley, previously canon and 
dean ot, 254 ; choir-screen at, 212 ; 
church ot" All Saints, North St. in, 
289 ; church of St. Michael-le- 
Belfrey in, 299 ; Minster, candle- 



stick at, 202 ; lantern tower of, 
300; organ at, 16; processional 
stones at, 303 ; St. Cuthbert's 
window at, 196, n)7, 2^2, 236, 289 ; 
shrine at, [96 ; St. William's 
window at, 1.(7; "shrine'' at, 
_>47 : museum, cresset at, 195; 
province of, 123; barons of pro- 
vince of, 1 2S ; Treasurer ot, 

Pudsey, 141. 

Yorkshire, 284 ; workman from, 39. 
Yorkshire Archaeological Journal, 

196*, 226, 230, 232, 254, 268, 270, 

274, 290, 292, 303a. 
Youth, instruction of, 82. 
Vsidorus, S., 134, 255. 
Yullocke, 76. 

Zaccaria, 267. 

Zouche, Will., archbishop of York, 
214. 



POSTSCRIPT. 

Farmery, 271. According to the Cosin Correspondence (Surtees Soc. 55), 
ii, 122, 124, the Farmery at Durham was converted into Minor 
Canons' houses, all of which, except one, " were destroyed in the 
late wicked times," also the Guest-hall was partly unleaded and 
unroofed .... "in wicked Oliver's time, since which time it fell 
down and did great damage to Dr. Naylor's and Dr. Xeile's houses," 
etc'. 

Pair of Organs, 207. It must be understood that "pair" meant two (a 
couple I, as well as a set of more than two things, from c. 1290 
onward. It appears to have been used of clavichords, virginals, 
and bagpipes as well as organs, in fact of complicated instruments 
generally, so that there seems but little if any ground for the 
suggestion with regard to stops on p. 207. — See N. E. D. 

Paschal, 206. The following passage occurs in Sir William Brereton's 
account of Durham Cathedral: — "Here in the chancel, which is 
very neat, is a most stately desk of brass, which was the ninth part 
of a candlestick, which at the dissolution was thrown into an obscure 
place, and found but of late ; this was a most mighty vast candle- 
stick. " Travels in Holland, . . . England, etc., 1634-5, '\ v Sir 
William Brereton, Hart. (Chetham Soc, Vol. i), 1844, p. 83. 

South gates, 348, insert after "gates," 91, 92. 



IIIOMVS CAI-IHTLKl OH. I'MNTKH, IH'RHAM. 




WHS* John Hope, 09/' 1303 



DURHAM CATHEDRAL CHURCH 



PLAN SHOWING THE ANCIENT ARRANGEMENTS ACCORDING 
TO EXISTING TRACES AND DOCUMENTARY EVIDENCE 

ISASED UPON A PLAN MADE BY JOHN CARTER, AND PUBLISHED 
BY THE SOCIETY OF ANTIQUARIES OF LONDON IN IBOI.) 




L Y E G A I T E" 






NOTE. 

Mediaeval Walls eazsttng or vt' which the sites 

an Known are shown in black. 

Known sites of mediaeval buildings nee 

indicated by the drab tint . 

Past suppression and modern buildings are 

indicated fn the firry tint . 

Suggested Route if the Sunday Ifaocession 

"Parish Boundaries. 

Tin- numbers I-XJJ refer to tiu- Bouses of the 
Prebendaries a/her the. Suppression^ 



HS 1 John Hope, del* 1303 



"L V E G A I T E" 



IF 






NOTE. 

Mediaeval 11<j//.v existing or of which the sites 
<ut- lawwn are shown m black-. 
Known sites or mediaeval buildings are 
indicated by the drab tint . 
"Post-suppression and modern buildings are 
indicated by the grey tint. 

Suggested Route of the Sunday Ibocossion 

'Parish Boundaries. 

Tin- numbers I-Xll refer to due Houses of the 
Prebendaries after the 6'uppne.ssiorv. 



W.H S l John Hope, del' 1903 









; 



PLAN TO ILLUSTRATE 

CHAPTERS LIM & LVI 

pp 104-108 




Lyeyaitt". p WS^ 
Wync/sbole yett'p loj 
'The north dor, 0/ the 
1 churdi"pp 10S, lay 
4 " y clotxtcr.'p. lo3 

5. "y c abbey gaUs.p loS 

6. "y. ioutlt bmvth"p.l 



THE SURTEES SOCIETY. 



REPORT FOR THE YEAR MCMII. 



THE SURTEES SOCIETY. 



REPORT FOR THE YEAR MCMII. 



PRINTED BY 

THOMAS CALDCI.KUGH, 45, SADDLER STREET, 

DI'RHAM, 



THE SURTEES SOCIETY. 



REPORT FOR THE YEAR MCMII. 

SINCE the last Report was printed, five volumes have been 
issued to Members. Thanks to the liberal assistance of 
the Hostmen of Newcastle, Mr. Dendy has been able to 
prepare a volume of extracts from their records, throwing 
much light on the earlv history of the coal trade. Dr. 
Collins has made accessible the wills and administrations 
entered on the Knaresborough Manor Rolls, and Mr. 
Clay has edited a sixth volume of the " Testamenta 
Eboracensia," not inferior in varied interest to the 
preceding volumes of that series. To Canon Fowler's 
unwearied zeal the Society is indebted for two very 
valuable volumes. In the introduction to the third 
volume of the Durham " Account Rolls " is contained a 
most excellent account of the duties of the different officials 
in that great Benedictine House. The index and list of 
subjects are most complete, and in the elaborate glossary 
many words and phrases are explained for the first time. 
His other volume, the new edition of the " Rites of 
Durham," is even more valuable. It has already been 
printed by this Society, many years ago, under the 
editorship of Dr. Raine, the late Secretary's father, but 
entirely unannotated. The volume has become very 
scarce, and in consideration of its great interest the Society 
resolved to break through its rule of printing only 
manuscripts, to republish this work. Canon Fowler has 
re-edited the text from the different manuscripts, including 
some that were not known to Dr. Raine, and has added 
an immense amount of information, bearing on the 
services in monastic churches throughout the middle ages. 
The attention of members is specially directed to the large 
number of prospective publications of very varied character, 



many of them nearly ready to go to press : four episcopal 
registers, one of York, and three of Durham ; two 
liturgical works, both belonging to York ; wills from 
Knaresborough and London ; Royalist Composition Papers 
for the two Northern Counties ; Quarter Sessions records 
from Durham ; the St. Bees and Percy Chartularies ; and 
a volume illustrative of the efforts of the Municipal 
Authorities at York to cope with the pauper element in 
the sixteenth and two following centuries. 

Two of the Vice-Presidents of the Society have died 
since the last Report was published, the late Bishop of 
Durham and Mr. Pemberton. Their places have been 
filled by the election of Dr. Gee and the Rev. Chas. 
Slingsby. 



THE SURTEES SOCIETY, 

ESTABLISHED IN THE YEAR 1834, 

In honour of the late Robert Surtees, of Mainsforth, Esquire, 
the author of t he History of the County Palatine of Durham, 
and in accordance with his pursuits and plans ; having" for its 
object the publication of inedited Manuscripts, illustrative of 
the intellectual, the moral, the religious, and the social 
condition of those parts of England and Scotland included on 
the east between the Humber and the Firth of Forth, and on 
the west between the Mersey and the Clyde, a region which 
constituted the ancient Kingdom of Northumbria. 

NEW RULES AGREED UPON IN 1 849 J REVISED 1 863. 

I. — The Society shall consist of not more than three hundred 
and fifty members. 

II. — There shall be a Patron of the Society, who shall be 
President. 

III. — There shall be twenty-tour Vice-Presidents, a Secretary, 
and two Treasurers. 

IV. — The Patron, the Vice-Presidents, the Secretary, and the 
Treasurers, shall form the Council, any five of whom, including 
the Secretary and a Treasurer, shall be a quorum competent to 
transact the business of the Society. 

V. — The twenty-four Vice-Presidents, the Secretary, and the 
Treasurers, shall be elected at a general meeting, to continue in 
office for three years, and be capable of re-election. 

VI. — Any vacancies in the office of Secretary or Treasurers 
shall be provisionally filled up by the Council, subject to the 
approbation of the next general meeting. 

VII. — Three meetings of the Council shall be held in every 
year, on the first Tuesday in the months of March, June, and 
December ; and the place and hour of meeting shall be fixed by 
the Council, and communicated by the Secretary to the members 
of the Council. 

VIII. — The meeting in June shall be the Anniversary, to 
which all the members of the Society shall be convened by the 
Secretary. 

IX. — The Secretary shall convene extraordinary meetings 
of the Council, on a requisition to that effect, signed by not less 
than five members of the Council, being presented to him. 



X. — Members may be elected by ballot at any of the ordinary 
meeting's, according' to priority of application, upon being 
proposed in writing by three existing members. One black ball 
in ten shall exclude. 

XI. — Each member shall pay in advance to the Treasurer the 
annual sum of one guinea. If any member's subscription shall 
be in arrear for two years, and he shall neglect to pay his 
subscription after having been reminded by the Treasurer, he 
shall be regarded as having ceased to be a member of the 
Society. 

XII. — The money raised by the Society shall be expended in 
publishing such compositions, in their original language, or in a 
translated form, as come within the scope of this Society, 
without limitation of time with reference to the period of their 
respective authors. All editorial and other expenses to be 
defrayed by the Society. 

XIII. — One volume, at least, in a closely printed octavo form, 
shall be supplied to each member of the Society every year, free 
of expense. 

XIV. — If the funds of the Society in any year will permit, the 
Council shall be at liberty to print and furnish to the members, 
free of expense, any other volume or volumes of the same 
character, in the same or a different form. 

XV.— The number of copies of each publication, and the 
selection of a printer and publisher, shall be left to the Council, 
who shall also fix the price at which the copies, not furnished to 
members, shall be sold to the public. 

XVI. — The armorial bearings of Mr. Surtees, and some 
other characteristic decoration connecting the Society with his 
name, shall be used in each publication. 

XVII. — A list of the officers and members, together with an 
account of the receipts and expenses of the Society, shall be 
made up every year to the time of the annual meeting, and shall 
be submitted to the Society to be printed and published with 
the next succeeding volume. 

XVIII. — No alteration shall be made in these rules, except at 
an annual meeting. Notice of any such alteration shall be 
given, at least as early as the ordinary meeting of the Council 
immediately preceding, to be communicated to each member of 
the Society. 



PUBLICATIONS OF THE SURTEES SOCIETY, 

WITH THEIR RESPECTIVE SALE PRICES. 

.V. />'. Of st v t r al of' these Volumes the number of copies on hand is very small ; some will 
not be solii, except to Members of the Society under certain conditions, and all 
applications for them must be made to the Secretary. 



Reginald! Monachi Dunelmensis LibeBusde Admirandis Beati Cuthbcrti Virtutibus. ios. 
Edited by Dr. Raiae. 

Wills and Inventories, illustrative of the History. Manners, Language, Statistics, etc., of 
the Northern Counties of England, from the Eleventh Century downwards. (Chiefly 
From the Registry oi Durham.) Vol. I. Edited by Dr. Raine. (Only sold in a set 
and to a Member. I 

The Towneley Mysteries, or Miracle Plays. Edited by Mr. J. Gordon. The Preface by 
Joseph Hunt. r. l'.S.A. [Only sold in a set and to a Member.) 

Testamenta Bhoracensia ; Wills illustrative of the History, Manners, Language. 
Statistics, etc.. of the Province of York, from 1300 downwards. Vol. I. 20s. 
Edited by Dr. Raine. 

Sanctuariura Duneimense et Sanctuarium Beverlacense ; or, Registers of the Sanctuaries 
of Durham and Beverley. ;s. 6d. Edited by Dr. Raine. The Preface by Rev. T. 
Chevalier. 

The Charters of Endowment, Inventories, and Account Rolls of the Priory of Finchale in 
the Countv of Durham, ios. Edited by Dr. Raine. 

Catalogi Veteres Librorum Eedesise Cathedralis Dnaeltn. Catalogues of the Library of 
Durham Cathedral at various periods, from the Conquest to the Dissolution ; including 
Catalogues of the Library of the Abbey of Hulnie, and of the MSS. preserved in the 
Librarv of Bishop Cosin at Durham. 7s. 6d. Edited by Dr. Raine. The Preface by 
Beriah Botrioid, Esq. 

Miscellanea Biographica : a Life of Oswin, King of Northumberland : Two Lives of 
Cuthbert, Bishop of Lindisfarne : and a Life of Eata, Bishop of Hexham. 5s. 
Edited by Dr. Raine. 

llistoria; Dunelmensis Scriptores Tres. Gaufridus de Coldingham, Robertus de Grey- 
stanes. et Willelmus de Chambre, with the omissions and mistakes in Wharton's 
edition supplied and corrected, and an Appendix of 665 original Documents, in 
illustration o( the Text, ios. Edited by Dr. Raine. 

Rituale Ecdesue Dunelmensis ; a Latin Ritual of the Ninth Century, with an interlinear 
Northumbro-Saxon Translation. 12s. Edited by Rev. J. Stevenson. 

Jordan Pantonine's Anglo-Norman Chronicles of the War between the English and the 

Scots in 1 175 and 1 174. 7s. 6d. Edited, with a Translation. Notes, etc., bv Francisque 

Michel. F.S.A. 
The Correspondence. Inventories. Account Rolls, and Law Proceedings of the Priory of 

Coldingham. 7s. 6d. Edited by Dr. Raine. 
Liber Vita Ecdesux Dunelmensis; necnon Obituaria duo ejusdem Ecclesiae. 7s. 6d. 

Edited by Rev. I Stevenson. 
The Correspondence of Robert Bowes ot Aske. Esq., Ambassador of Queen Elizabeth to 

the Court of Scotland. 7s. 6d. Edited bj Rev. J. Stevenson. 
A Description or Briefe Declaration of all the Ancient Monuments. Rites, and Customs 

belonging to, or being within, the Monastical Church of Durham, before the 

Suppression. Written in 1593. Edited by Dr. Raine. (Only sold in a set and to a 

Member). 
Anglo-Saxon and Earlv English Psalter, now first published from MSS. in the British 

Museum. Vol, I. 7s. <>d. Edited by the Rev. J. Stevenson. 

The Correspondence oi Dr. Matthew Hutton, Archbishop of York. With a selection 
from the Letters of ^ir Timothv Hutton. Knt.. his son. and Matthew Hutton, Esq., 
his grandson. 7s. (*J. Edited DJ Dr. Raine. 

The Durham Household Book : or. the Accounts of the Bursar of the Monastery of 
Durham, from 1530 to 1534. 7s. 6d. Edited by Dr. Raine. 



8 

ig. Anglo-Saxon and Early English Psalter. Vol. II. 7s. 6d. Edited by Rev. J. Stevenson. 

ao. Libellus de Vita et Miraculis S. Godrici, Heremitae de Finchale, auctore Reginaldo, 
Monacho Dunelmensi. 7s. 6d. Edited by Rev. J. Stevenson. 

ai. Depositions respecting the Rebellion of 1569, Witchcraft, and other Ecclesiastical 
Proceedings, from the Court of Durham, extending from 131 1 to the reign of Elizabeth. 
10s. Edited by Dr. Raine. 

aa. The Injunctions and other Ecclesiastical Proceedings of Richard Barnes, Bishop of 
Durham (1577-87). Edited by Dr. Raine. (Only sold in a set and to a Member). 

33. The Anglo-Saxon Hymnarium, from MSS. of the Eleventh Century, in Durham, the 

British Museum, etc. 7s. 6d. Edited by Rev. J. Stevenson. 

34. The Memoir of Mr. Surtees, by the late George Taylor, Esq. Reprinted from the Fourth 

Vol. of the History of Durham, with additional Notes and Illustrations, together with 
an Appendix, comprising some of Mr. Surtees' Correspondence, Poetry, etc. Edited by 
Dr. Raine. (Only sold in a set and to a Member). 

35. The Boldon Book, or Survey of Durham in 1183. Edited by Rev. W. Greenwell. (Only 

sold in a set and to a Member). 

a6. Wills and Inventories illustrative of the History, Manners, Language, Statistics, etc., 
of the Counties of York, Westmoreland, and Lancaster, from the Fourteenth Century 
downwards. From the Registry at Richmond. Edited by Rev. J. Raine. (Only sold 
in a set and to a Member). 

37. The Pontifical of Egbert, Archbishop of York (731-67), from a MS. of the Ninth or Tenth 

Century in the Imperial Library of Paris. Edited by Rev. William Greenwell. (Only 
sold in a set and to a Member). 

38. The Gospel of St. Matthew, from the Northumbrian Interlinear Gloss to the Gospels 

contained in the MS. Nero D. IV, among the Cottonian MSS. in the British Museum, 
commonly known as the Lindisfarne Gospels, collated with the Rushworth MS. 7s. 6d. 
Edited by Rev. J. Stevenson. [The four Volumes which make up this Series •will be 
sold together for £1 Is.) 

39. The Inventories and Account Rolls of the Monasteries of Jarrow and Monkwearmouth, 

from their commencement in 1303 until the Dissolution. 10s. Edited by Dr. Raine. 

30. Testamenta Eboracensia ; or, Wills illustrative of the History, Manners, Language, 

Statistics, etc., of the Province of York, from 1429 to 1467. Vol. II. Edited by Rev. 
J. Raine. (Only sold in a set and to a Member). 

31. The Bede Roll of John Burnaby, Prior of Durham (1456-64). With illustrative Documents. 

7s. 6d. Edited by Dr. Raine, 

33. The Survey of the Palatinate of Durham, compiled during the Episcopate of Thomas 
Hatfield (1345-82). 10s. Edited by Rev. W. Greenwell. 

33. The Farming Book of Henry Best, of Elmswell, E.R.Y. Edited by Rev. C. B. 

Norcliffe. (Only sold in a set and to a Member). 

34. The Proceedings of the High Court of Commission for Durham and Northumberland. 

12s. Edited by Mr. W. H. D. Longstaffe. 

35. The Fabric Rolls of York Minster. Edited bv Rev. J. Raine. (Only sold in a set and to a 

Member). 

36. The Heraldic Visitation of Yorkshire, by Sir William Dugdale, in 1665. Edited by Mr. 

Robert Davies. (Only sold in a set and to a Member). 

37. A Volume of Miscellanea, comprising the Letters of Dean Granville, the Account of the 

Siege of Pontefract by Nathan Drake, and Extracts from the Rokeby Correspondence. 
Edited by Rev. George Ornsby, Mr. W. H. D. Longstaffe, and Rev. J. Raine. (Only 
sold in a set and to a Member.) 

38. A Volume of Wills from the Registry at Durham ; a continuation of No. 2. Edited by- 

Rev. W. Greenwell. (Only sold in a set and to a Member.) 

39. The Gospel of St. Mark, from the Northumbrian Interlinear Gloss to the Gospels 

contained in the MS. Nero D. IV, among- the Cottonian MSS. in the British Museum, 
commonly known as the Lindisfarne Gospels, collated with the Rushworth MS. ; a 
continuation of No. 28. 7s. 6d. Edited by Mr. George Waring. 

40. A Selection from the Depositions in Criminal Cases taken before the Northern 

Magistrates ; from the Originals preserved in York Castle. Saec. XVII. Edited by- 
Rev. J. Raine. (Only sold in a set and to a Member.) 

41. The Heraldic Visitation of the North of England, made in 1530, by Thomas Tonge, with 

an Appendix of Genealogical MSS. Edited by Mr. W. H. D. Longstaffe. (Only sold 
in a set and to a Member.) 



4*i Memorials of Fountains Abbey. Vol. I. Comprising t lie Chronicle relating to thr 
Foundation of the House, written bj Hugh de Kirkstall ; the Chronicle or Abbats, 
etc.; and an Historical description of the Abbey, with Illustrations. Edited by Mr. 
I. K. Walbran. (Only sultl in a set and to a Member.) 

45. The Gospel ol St. Luke, from the Northumbrian Interlinear Gloss to the Gospels con- 
tained in the MS. Nero IV IV. among the Cottonian MSS, in the British Museum, 
commonly known as the Lindisfarne Gospels, collated with the Rush worth MS.; a 
continuation of Nos, -•« and 39, 7s. 6d. Edited by Mr. George Waring. 

44. I'Ik- Priory of Hexham, its Chronicles, Endowments, and Annals. Vol. I. Containing 

the Chronicles, etc., of John and Richard, Priors of Hexham, and Ached. Ahh.it m 
Rievanlx, with an Appendix o( Documents, and a Preface illustrated with Engravings, 
pp. 604. £■■? --s. Edited by Rev. J. Raine. 

45. lestamenta Eboracensia ; or. Wills illustrative of the History, Manners, Language, 

Statistics, etc, of the Province of York, from 1467 to 1485. Vol. III. 21s. Edited 
by Kev. J. Raine. 

46. The Priory of Hexham. Vol. II. Containing the Liber Niger, with Charters and other 

Documents, and a Preface illustrated with Engravings, ios. Edited by Rev. J. 
Raine, 

47. The Letters, etc.. of Dennis Granville, D.D., Dean of Durham, from the Originals 

recently discovered in the Bodleian Library. Part II. 7s. bd. Edited by Rev. George 
Omsbj . 

48. The Gospel of St. John, from the Northumbrian Interlinear Gloss to the Gospels in the 

MS. Nero D. IV. (A continuation ot' Nos. 28. 39, and 43). 7s. 6d. With Preface and 
Prolegomena. Edited by Mr. George Waring. 

40. The Survey ot the County of York, taken by John de Kirkby, commonly called Kirkby's 
Inquest. Also Inquisitions oi Knights' Fees, the Nomina Villarum for Yorkshire, and 
an Appendix of Illustrative Documents, pp. 570. 15s. Edited by Mr. R. II. Skaife. 

in. Memoirs of the Life of Ambrose Barnes, Merchant and sometime Alderman of Newcastle- 
upon-Tyne. ios. Edited by Mr. W. H. D. Longstaffe. 

51, S3 meon of Durham, The whole of the Works ascribed to him. except the History of the 
Church of Durham. To which are added the History of the Translation of St. 
Cuthbert, the Life of St. Margaret, Queen of Scotland, by Turgot, Prior of Durham, 
etc. 10s. Edited hy Mr. John Hodgson Hinde. 

53. I he Correspondence of John Cosin, Bishop of Durham. Vol. I. ids. Edited hy Rev. 
George Ornsb) . 

53. lestamenta Ehoracensia. Vol. [V. From 1485 to 1500. (A continuation of Nos. 4, 30. 

and 45). 15s. Edited b\ Rev. J. Raine. 

54. The Diary of Abraham De La Pryme, the Yorkshire Antiquary. 15s. Edited by Mr. 

Charles Jackson. 

55. The Correspondence of John Cosin, Bishop of Durham. Vol.11. 7s. od. Edited by Rev. 

George Ornsby. 

56. The Register of Walter Grav, Archbishop of York, 1315-55. los - Edited bv Rev. J. 

Raine. 

57. l'he Register of the Guild of Corpus Christi in the City of York, containing a full List of 

its Members, ios. Edited by Mr. R. H. Skaife. 

58. Feodarium Prioratus Dunelniensis ; a Survey of the Estates of the Prior and Convent of 

Durham in the Fifteenth Century, ios. Edited by Rev. W. Greenwell. 

5m. Missale ad usum insignis Ecclesiae Eboracensis. The York Missal. Vol.1. -55s. Edited 
by Dr. Henderson. 

60. The same. Vol. II. 15s. By the same Editor. 

61. Liber Pontificalia Chr. Bainhridge Archiepiscopi Eboracensis. The York Pontifical. 

in-. Edited b\ Dr. Henderson. 

■•-•. The Autobiography of Mrs. Alice Thornton, of East Newton, Co. York, Sssc XVII. 
ios. Edited by Mr. Charles Jackson, 

63. Manual,- et I'rocessionale ad usum insignis Ecclesiae Eboracensis. The York Manual 

and Processional. 15s, Edited bj IV. Henderson. 

r>(. Acts of Chapter of the Collegiate Church of SS. Peter and Wilfrid. Ripon, 145-1-1506. 
ios. Edited by Rev. J. T. howler. 

65, Yorkshire Diaries and Autobiographies in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries. 
15s. Edited by Mr. Charles Jackson. 

tX). Cartularium Abbati.c de Nova Monasterio I New niinslerl. 7s. t>d. Edited b\ Rev. J. T. 
Fowler. 



IO 

67. Memorials of Fountains Abbey. Vol. II. Part 1. Comprising the Royal Charters and 

some of the Papal Grants, etc. 7s. 6d. Edited by Mr. J. R. Walbran and the 
Secretary. 

68. Selections from the Household Books of Lord William Howard, of Naworth Castle. 

15s. Edited by Rev. George Ornsby. 

69. The Chartulary of Whitby. Vol. I. 7s. 6d. Edited by Rev. J. C. Atkinson. 

70. A Selection from the Poems of Lawrence, Prior of Durham, Saec. XII. 5s. Edited 

by Rev. J. Raine. 

The York Breviary. Vol. I. 20s. Edited by Hon. and Rev. Stephen Lawley. 

The Chartulary of Whitby. Vol.11. 7s. 6d. Edited by Rev. J. C. Atkinson. 

The Life and Correspondence of the Rev. William Stukeley, M.D., the Antiquary. 
Vol. I. tos. Edited by Rev. W. C. Lukis. ( The three volumes which make tip this 
series will be sold together for £/ is.) 

Memorials of the Church ot Ripon. Vol. I. 10s. Edited by Rev. J. T. Fowler. 

The York Breviary. Vol. II. 20s. Edited by the Hon. and Rev. Stephen Lawley. 



76. The Life and Correspondence of Dr. Stukeley. Vol. II. 7s. 6d. Edited by Rev. W. C. 

Lukis. 

77. Yorkshire Diaries. Vol. II. 7s. bd. Edited by Mr. C. Jackson and Mr. Margerison. 

78. Memorials of Ripon. Vol. II. 10s. Edited by Rev. J. T. Fowler. 

79. Testamenta Eboracensia. Vol. V. 15s. Edited by Rev. J. Raine. 

80. The Life and Correspondence of Dr. Stukeley. Vol. III. 7s. 6d. Edited by Rev. W. C. 

Lukis. 

81. Memorials of Ripon. Vol. III. 15s. Edited by Rev. J. T. Fowler. 

82. A Selection from the Halmote Court Rolls of the Prior and Convent of Durham. 15s. 

Edited by Messrs. W. H. D. Longstaffe and John Booth. 

83. The Chartulary of Rievaulx. 15s. Edited by Rev. J. C. Atkinson. 

84. Durham Churchwardens' Accompts. 15s. Edited by Rev. J. Barmby. 

85. A Volume of English Miscellanies. 7s. 6d. Edited by Rev. J. Raine. 

86. The Guisborough Chartulary. Vol. I. 15s. Edited by Mr. VV. Brown. 

87. The Life of St. Cuthbert in English Verse. 15s. Edited by Rev. J. T. Fowler. 

88. The Northumberland Assize Rolls, :5s. Edited by Mr. W. Page. 

89. The Guisborough Chartulary. Vol. II. 15s. Edited by Mr. W. Brown. 

90. The Brinkburn Chartulary. 10s. Edited by Mr. W. Page. 

91. The Yorkshire Chantry Surveys. Vol. I. 15s. Edited by Mr. W. Page. 

92. The Yorkshire Chantry Surveys. Vol. II. 15s. Edited by Mr. W. Page. 

93. The Records of the Company of Merchant Adventurers of Newcastle-on-Tyne. Vol. I. 

15s. Edited by Mr. J. W. Boyle and Mr. F. W. Dendy. 

94. Yorkshire Feet of Fines during - the reign of King John. 10s. Edited by Mr. William 

Brown. 

95. Memorials of St. Giles's, Durham, being Grassmen's Accounts, etc., together with 

Documents relating to the Hospitals of Kepier and St. Mary Magdalene. 15s. Edited 
by Rev. Dr. Barmby. 

96. Register of the Freemen of the City of York. Vol.1. 15s. Edited by Dr. F. Collins. 

97. Inventories of Church Goods for the counties of York, Durham and Northumberland. 

15s. Edited by Mr. William Page. 

98. Beverley Chapter Act Book. Vol. I. 25s. Edited by Mr. A. F. Leach. 

99. Durham Account Rolls. Vol. I. 15s. Edited by Rev. Canon Fowler. 

100. Durham Account Rolls. Vol. II. 15s. Edited by Rev. Canon Fowler. 

101. The Records of the Company of Merchant Adventurers of Newcastle-on-Tyne. Vol. II. 

15s. Edited by Mr. F. VV. Dendy. 

102. Register of the Freemen of York. Vol.11. 15s. Edited by Dr. F. Collins. 

103. Durham Account Rolls. Vol. III. 15s. Edited by Rev. Canon Fowler. 

104. Knaresborough Wills. Vol. I. 15s. Edited by Dr. F. Collins. 

105. Newcastle Hostmen's Company. 15s. Edited by Mr. F. W. Dendy. 

106. Testamenta Eboracensia. Vol. VI. 15s. Edited by Mr. J. W. Clay. 

107. The Rites of Durham. 15s. Edited by Rev. Canon Fowler. 



1 1 

I he Council firofxisr to select their future Volumes out of the following Manuscript* or 

materials, or I rum others of' a similar character. 

Tlu- Act Book oi the Provost and Canons of Beverley. [*o be edited by Mr. \. I'. Leach. 

[/>i the press. 

The Register of Walter Girt'ard. Archbishop of York. To be edited by Mr. William 
Brown. \Iu the press. 

The Consuetudinary of St. Mary's Abbey, York. To be edited by the Rev. P. A. 
Gasquet, D.O., and Mr. Edmund Bishop. 

The Wills, Inventories, and Administrations, entered on the Knarcshorough Manor Rolls. 
VoL li. To be edited bj Dr, F. Collins. 

rhe Royalist Composition Papers for [he Counties of Northumberland and Durham. 
To be edited h\ Mr. Richard Wclford. 

A Volume from the Quarter Sessions Records for the County of Durham. To be edited 
by Mr. F. \Y. Dendy. 

Wills relating to Nottinghamshire and the four Northern Counties, from the Registers 
at Somerset I louse. To he edited by Mr. J. W. Clay. 

The Registers of Richard de Bury and Thomas. Langley, Bishops ^( Durham. To he 
edited by the Dean of Durham. 

The Register of Thomas de Hatfield. Bishop of Durham. To be edited by the Rev. Dr. 

Gee. 
The Chartularj of St. Bees. To be edited by the Rev. James Wilson. 
The Horn; Eboracenses. To be edited by the Rev. Canon Wordsworth. 

A Volume of extracts from the Municipal Records at York, illustrative t^t the operation 
^i the Poor Laws in the iblh and 17th Centuries. To be edited by Miss Maud Sellers. 

The Percy Chartulary. 



LIST OF OFFICERS & MEMBERS, 1903. 



PATRON AND PRESIDENT. 
His Grace the Duke of Northumberland, K.G. 

VICE-PRESIDENTS. 

Lord Barnard, Raby Castle, Darlington. 

Sir Thomas Brooke, Bart., Armitage Bridge, Huddersfield. 

Rev. William Brown, Old Elvet, Durham. 

S. J. Chadwick, Lyndhurst, Dewsbury. 

J. W. Clay, Rastrick House, Brighouse. 

Francis Collins, M.D., Pateley Bridge. 

F. W. Dendy, Osborne Road, Newcastle-on-Tyne. 

Rev. Canon Fowler, Durham. 

Rev. Dr. Gee, Durham. 

Rev. William Greenwell, Durham. 

The Very Rev. W. G. Henderson, Dean of Carlisle. 

Richard Oliver Heslop, Newcastle-on-Tyne. 

Thomas Hodgkin, Newcastle-on-Tyne. 

J. Crawford Hodgson, Alnwick. 

J. G. Hodgson, Newcastle-on-Tyne. 

The Very Rev. G. W. Kitchin, Dean of Durham. 

Rev. J. M. Marshall, Croft Rectory, Darlington. 

W. W. Morrell, West Mount, York. 

The Very Rev. A. P. Purey-Cust, Dean of York. 

Rev. Charles Slingsby, Scriven Park, Knaresborough. 

Rev. Canon Tristram, Durham. 

Richard Welford, Gosforth, Newcastle-on-Tyne. 

Rev. F. G. Wesley, Hamsteels Vicarage, Durham. 

SECRETARY. 
William Brown, Whitehouse, Northallerton. 

TREASURER. 

John George Gradon, Durham. 

MEMBERS, WITH THE DATES OF THEIR ADMISSION.* 

Rev. C. E. Adamson, Westoe, South Shields. 4th December, 1898. 
Laurence W. Adamson, Linden House, Acklington. 3rd December, 1901. 
Lord Aldenham, St. Dunstan's, Regent's Park, London, i^th December, 

1859. 
Lord Amherst of Hackney, Didlington Hall, Brandon, Norfolk. 1st 

December, 1868. 
Andrews and Co., Sadler Street, Durham. 5th March, 1896. 

* The number of three hundred and fifty members, to which the Society is limited, is 
generally full. Judging from past experience, there will be ten or twelve vacancies every year, 
and these will be regularly filled up. New members will be elected by the Council according 
to priority of application, unless the son or representative of a deceased member wishes to be 
chosen in his place. This list is corrected up to March, 1903. 



«3 

\V. Watson Armstrong", Cragside, Rothbury. 3rd December, [901. 

Sir George Armytage, Bart., F.S.A., Kirklees, Brighouse. 2nd June, 

1868. 
Sir J, E. Backhouse, Bart., Darlington. 5th June, 1877. 

F. M. T. Jones Balme, High Close, Ambleside. 3rd December, t8o7. 
Thos. H. Barker, 36, The Judges' Drive, Newsham Park, Liverpool. 

|ih December, [902. 

Lord Barnard, Raby Castle, Darlington. 6th December, [892. (Vice- 
President, 1 900 - 1 903 ). 

Edward Bateson, 1 -\ Oxford and Cambridge Mansions. N.W. 4th Decem- 
ber, [894. 

Edward Hell, York Street, Covent Garden, London. 3rd Match, 1891. 

John Bilson, Hesslo, Hull. 5th March, 1895. 

Edmund Bishop, 4, Great Ormond Street, W.C. ist December, 1874. 

Thomas M. Blagg, -'5, Cartergate, Newark-on-Trent. 4th December, 1898. 

Lord Bolton, Bolton Hall, Wensley. 5th March, 1889. 

Viscount Boyne, Brancepeth Castle, Durham. 4th June, 1873. 

Thomas Boynton, Norman House, Bridlington Quay. 2nd December, 1884. 

Sir Thomas Brooke, Ban., F.S.A., Armitage Bridge, Huddersfield. 14th 
December, [860. (Vice-President, 1881-1903.) 

Rev. William Brown, Old Elvet, Durham. 3rd December, 1889. (Vice- 
President, 1897 1903. i 

William Brown, Whitehouse, Northallerton. 3rd December 1889. 
(Secretary, 1807-1003. 1 

Sir Gainsford Bruce, Yewhurst, Bromley, Kent, r>th December, 1892. 

The Duke of Buccleuch and Oueensberrv. 7th December, 1886. 

George Buchanan, Whitby. 6th June, 1876. 

Rev. E. Buckler, Maitland Park, Haverstock Hill, London, ^th March, 
[889. 

The Prince of Bulgaria, Sophia Palace, Bulgaria. 4th March, 1902. 

Robert Anthony Burrell, Fairthorne, Botley, Hants. 17th June, 1861. 

The Karl of Carlisle, Castle Howard, York. 2nd December, 1879. 

William Carr, M.A., Ditchingham Manor, Bungay. 5th December, 1865. 

S. J. Chadwick, Lyndhurst, Oxford Road, Dewsbury. 6th December, 1881. 
( Vice-President, 1901-1903). 

William Chadwick, Arksey, Doncaster. 5th December, 1865. 

Col. R. Chaloner, Guisborough Hall, Guisborough. 3rd March, 1903. 

J. K. Champney, Abchurch Chambers, London, W. 3rd December, 1893. 

II. M. Chapman, St. Martin's Priory, Canterbury. 6th June, 1882. 

Oswin J. Charlton, 37, Eld on Street, Newcastle. 51I1 March, 1895. 

'Thomas Chorlton, 32, Brazenose Street, Manchester. 2nd December, 1879. 

Edward Thomas Clark, Cowick, Selby. 7th December, 1880. 

G. D. A. Clark, Belford Hall, Belford. 1st December, 1874. 

John Willis Clark, M.A., Scroope House, Cambridge. 5th June, 1902. 

J. W. Clay, Rastrick, Brighouse. 2nd June, [868. (Vice-President, 1900- 

1903). 
Mrs. Clayton, The Chesters, Hexham. 2nd December, 1890. 
E. F. Coates, c/o E. Almack, 99, Gresham Street, London, E.C. 4th 

March, 1901. 
Rev. Carus Vale Collier, Burton Agnes, Bridlington. j,t\\ December, 1897. 
Francis Collins, M.D., Grassfield, Pateley Bridge. 7th December, 1886. 

(Vice-President, 181)7 11)03.) 
John B. Cookson, Meldon Park, Morpeth. 3rd March, 1902. 
Lady Cowell, Clifton Castle, Bedale. 5th March, 1895. 
Joseph Crawhall, Beacon Bank, Easingwold. 1 si December, [896. 
The Earl of Crewe, l'i yston Hall, Pontofract. 30th December, 1 858, 

Lord Crewe's Trustees, c/o C. Rowland son, The College, Durham. 2nd 

June, [891. 

Ralph Creyke, Rawcliffe Hall, Selby. 7th December. 1- 



Rev. Matthew Culley, Esh Laude, Durham. 5th June, 1902. 
Robed Richardson Dees, Wailsend, Ne\vcastle-on-Tyne. i^th December, 
1859. 

I'. W. Dendy, Eldon House, Osborne Road, Newcastle-on-Tyne. 4th 

December, 1894. ( Vice-President, 1897-1903.) 
S. Denison, 32, Clarendon Road, Leeds. 7th June, 1892. 
Lewis T. Dibdin, D.C.L., Chancellor of Durham, 15, Old Square, Lincoln's 

Inn. 3rd March, 1891. 
James Norton Dickons, Heaton, Bradford. 4th June, 1873. 
E. R. Dodsworth, York. 3rd March, 1885. 

Earl of Durham, Lambton Castle, Fence Houses. 1st December, 1901. 
Slingsby D. Eden, Beamish Park, Chester-le-Street. 4th December, 1900. 
R. H. Edleston, D.C.L., Rhadegund Buildings, Cambridge. 3rd December, 

1895. 
John Eland, 12, New Court, Lincoln s Inn, W.C. 6th March, 1900. 
Rev. H. Ellershaw, Bishop Hatfield's Hall, Durham. 1st March, 1892. 
Mrs. Elliot, Elvet Hill, Durham. 6th March, 1883. 
C. E. Elmhirst, York. 4th December, 1894. 

H. D. Eshelby, 80, Shrewsbury Road, Birkenhead. 7th June, 1887. 
Rev. Chancellor Espin, D.D., Wolsingham Rectory, Darlington. 3rd 

December, 1889. 
T. M. Fallow, Coatham, Redcar. 4th December, 1883. 
Chr. J. F. Fawcett, 8, Kind's Bench Walk, Temple, London. 5th December, 

1882. 
George Anthony Fenwick, Bywell Hall, Stocksfield-on-Tyne. 3rd 

December, 1889. 
Mrs. Hugh Fenwick, Brinkburn Priory, Morpeth, ^rd June, 1897. 
Rev. Canon Fowler, M.A., D.C.L., F.S.A., Bishop Hatfield's Hall, Durham, 

4th June, 1872. (Vice-President, 1872 -1903. Treasurer, 1883-88.) 
Alfred Scott Gatty, York Herald, Heralds' College, London. 7th March, 

1876. 
Rev. H. Gee, D.D., University College, Durham. 3rd June, 1902. 

(Vice-President , 1903.) 
The Right Rev. Bishop Gordon, Bishop's House, Leeds. 3rd March, 

1891. 
John George Gradon, Lynton House, Durham. 3rd March, 1891. 

(Treasurer, 1 891 -1903.) 
Rev. William Greenwell, D.C.L., F.R.S., &c, Durham. 28th September, 

1843. (Treasurer, 1S43-49. Vice-President, 1894- 1903.) 
Earl Grey, Howick Hall, Northumberland. 1st December, 1901. 
Charles Haigh, Elm Court, Temple, London. 6th March, 1883. 
Viscount Halifax, Hickleton Hall, Doncaster. 5th March, 1895. 
C. O. Hall, Whitwell Hall, York. 4th December, 1900. 
William Harding, Darlington. 7th June, 1892. 

Lord Hawkesbury, Kirkham Abbey, York. 71b December, 1886. 
The Very Rev. W. G. Henderson, D.D., Dean of Carlisle. 31st May, 1849. 

(Secretary, 1S49-52. Vice-Piesident, 1872-1903.) 
Richard Oliver Heslop, Akenside Hill, Newcastle-on-Tyne. 6th June, 1899. 

( Vice- Pres ide nt, 1903). 
Rev. A. E. Hillard, The School House, Durham. 2nd December, 1902. 
Thomas Hodgkin, D.C.L., Newcastle-on-Tyne. 5th June, [883. ( I 'ice- 
President, 1 890- 1 903. ) 
J. C. Hodgson, Abbey Cottage, Alnwick. 6th December, 1892. ( Vice- 
Preside n t, 1 899 1 903. ) 
J. G. Hodgson, Northern Counties Club, Newcastle-on-Tyne. 14th 

August, 1S85. (Vice-President, 1S97-1903.) 
Rev. Henry Holden, D.D., Boscobel, Streatham Common, London, S.W. 

[6th June, 1858. 
Rev. H. C. Holmes, Birkby Rectory, Northallerton. 4th December, 1877. 



«5 

\V. II. St. John Hope, Sociely of Antiquaries, Burlington House, Piccadilly, 

London, \V. -4 1 li December, 1883. 
Lord Hotham, Dalton Holme, Hull. 3rd December, 1872. 
R. Hovenden, Heathcote, Park IIIII Road, Croydon. 5th March. 1889. 
Henry Arthur Hudson, Clifton, York. 71I1 March, 1865. 
William Essington Hughes, 89, Alexandra Road, St. John's Wood, London. 

7th March, 1S65. 
Edward Hutchinson, Darlington. 71I1 December, 1869. 
Sir Henry Ingilby, Hart., Ripley Castle, Ripon, 15th December, 1859. 
W, A. James, 1, Fleet Street, London. 2nd March, 181)7. 
Sir Hubert Jerningham, K.C.M.G., Longridge Towers, Berwick-on-Tweed, 

6th June. iNt*). 
Rev. J. Johnson, II niton Rudby, Varm. 11th December, 1856. 
Sir lames [oicey, Hart., M.l\, Longhirst Hall, Morpeth, 3th December, 

1882. 
Thomas Jones, Durham. 7th December, 1880. 
\. B. Kempe, K.C., Chancellor of Newcastle, 2, Paper Buildings, Temple. 

London. 5U1 March, 1889. 
C. I".. Kempe, 28, Nottingham Place, London. 5th December, 1893. 
11. F. Killick, King's House, Thetford. 5th December, 1899. 
R. L. Kir by, Linthorpe, Middlesbrough. 5th March, 1889. 
The Very Rev. G. W. Kitchin, Dean oi Durham. 5th March, 1895. ( Vice- 
President, 1895 1903. ) 
A. L. Knight, Water Lane Works, Leeds. 4th December, 1900. 
W. T. Lancaster, 35, Caledonian Road, Leeds. 4th December, 1883. 
The Hon. and Rev. Stephen Willoughby Lawley, M.A., Spurfield, 

Exmiiister, Exeler. 8th December, 1803. (Vice-President, 1888-1901. 1 
Andrew S. Lawson, Aldboroutfh Manor, Boroughbridge. 5th December, 

1893. 
Arthur F. Leach, Charily Commission Office, Whitehall, London. tsi 

December, 1891. 
Thomas Francis Leadbitter, Auckland House, Brondesbury, London. 3rd 

December, 1889. 
William Lees, to, Norfolk Street, Manchester. 1st December, 1874. 
J. Wickham Legg, M.D., F.S.A., 47, Green Street, Park Lane, London. 

2nd December, 1890. 
Rev. Robert Lippe, LL.D., The Royal Infirmary, Aberdeen, ^rd December, 

John Lister, Shibden Hall, Halifax. 71 h December, 1886. 

The Marquess of Londonderry, Wynyard, Durham. 7th December, 1886. 

Matthew Mackey, Jun., 8, Milton Street, Newcastle-on-Tyne. 3rd June, 
1890. 

Messrs. Macmillan and Bowes, Cambridge. 71I1 March, 1803. 

Samuel Margerison, Calverley Lodge, Leeds. 1st March, 1881. 

Sir Clements R. Markham, K.C.B., Eccleston Square, London. isi 

December, 1891. 
Thomas W. Marley, Nethorlaw, Darlington. 4th June, 1895. 

Rev. J. M. Marshall, Croft Rectory, Darlington. 3th March. 1889. 1 Vice- 
President, 1889 1903.) 

James Melrose, Clifton Croft, York. 7th December, 1873. 

J. T. Micklethwaite, F.S.A., 15, Deans Yard, London. 1st December, 
1874. 

R. Middlemas, Alnwick. 2nd December, 1873, 

James Mills, Beverley. 3th December, 1893. 

Joseph M. Moore, Harton, South Shields. 7th March, 1893. 

John William Morkill, Austhorpe Lodge, Whitkirk, Leeds. ist December, 

1891, 
W. W. Morrell, York. 3rd March, 1868. {Vice-President, 1 S<><) 1903.) 
Walter Morrison, M.P., 77, Cromwell Road, London, i-t March, 18(14. 



i6 

Lord Northbourne, Betteshanger, Sandwich. 7th March, 1S93. 
The Duke of Northumberland, Alnwick Castle. 6th June, 1865. 
Win. Page, The White House, St. Peter's, St. Albans. 1st December, 

1885. 
Howard Pease, Arcot House, Cramlington. 3rd December, 1901. 
Sir Joseph Whitwell Pease, Bart., M.P., Hutton Hall, Guisborough. 6th 

June, 1876. 
John S. G. Pemberton, M.P., Hawthorn Tower, Seaham. 3rd December, 

1901. 
Sir Francis S. Powell, Bart., M.P., Old Hortou Hall, Bradford. 7th June, 

1864. 
John Proud, Bishop Auckland, Durham. 6th June, 1871. 
The Very Rev. Arthur P. Pdrey-Cust, D. D., Dean of York. 71I1 December, 

1880. (Vice-President, 1887 -1903.) 
Frederick Raimes, Hartburn, Stockton. 3rd December, 1901. 
Rev. James Raine, Snainton, Yorkshire. 3rd December, 1897. 
Sir J. W. Ramsden, Bart., Byrom Hall, South Milford, Yorkshire. 14th 

March, 1S62. 
Mrs. Redpath, Montreal. 5th March, 1895. 

Col. Godfrey Rhodes, Westhaugb, Pontefract. 1st March, 1864. 
Viscount Ridley, Blagdon, Xewcastie-on-Tyne. 3rd March, 1891. 
The Marquess of Ripon, Studley Royal, Ripon. 15th December, 1859. 
W. P. Robinson, New York. 4th December, 1900. 

Simpson Rostron, 1, Hare Court, Temple, London. 6th March, 1883. 
Christopher Rowlandson, Durham. 5th June, 1883. 
W. H. Rvlands, F.S.A., 11, Hart Street, Bloomsburv, London. 5th June, 

. , ,88 3-' 
Philip Saltmarshe, Lt.-Col., R. A. House, Sheerness. 4th December, 1894. 

J. B. Sampson, York. 6th December, 1887. 

Rev. H. E. Savage, St. Hilda's, South Shields. 3rd December, 1897. 

.Michael Sheard, Sutton, Isle of Ely. 7th June, 1887. 

G. R. Sheraton, M.D., Sedgefield. 4th June, 1901. 

J. B. Simpson, Bradley Hall, Wylam-on-Tyne. 3rd December, 1901. 

Rev. C. S. Slingsby, Scriven Park, Knaresborough. ( Vice-President, 1903.) 

F. W. Slingsby, Thorpe Underwood Hall, Ouseburn, York. 3rd December, 

1878. 
Henry Sotheran, 140, Strand, W.C. 3rd March, 1903. 
John T. Spalding'. 22, Villa Road, Nottingham. 5th December, 1899. 
John Stansfeld, Woodville, Clarendon Road, Leeds. 4th March, 1890. 
foseph Henry Straker, Howden Dene, Corbridge-on-Tvne. 1st March, 

1892. 
The Earl of Strathmore, Streatlam Castle, Barnard Castle. 2nd March, 

1866. 
H. P. Surtees, 35, Bedford Row, W.C. 6th June, 1899. 
Siward Surtees, Somersham, Maidenhead. 3rd December, 1895. 
Sir John Swinburne, Bart., Capheaton, Newcastle-on-Tyne. 5th June, 1866. 
Thos. Taylor, Chipchase Castle, Wark-on-Tvne. 3rd March, 1902. 
A. C. Tempest, Coleby Hall, Lincoln. 3rd June, 1879. 
Sir Tristram T. Tempest, Bart.. Tong Hall, Dudlev Hill, Bradford. 71I1 

March, 1893. 
F. J. Thairlwall, 12, Upper Park Road, Hampstead, London. 3rd 

December, 1875. 
Legh Tolson, Elm Lea, Dalton, Huddersfield. 7th December, 1800. 
Ci. J. F. Tomlinson, Woodfield, Huddersfield. 4th June, 1898. 
Rev. Canon Tristram, D.D., Durham. 6th June, 1876. (Vice-President, 

1 897- 1 903.) 
Robert B. Turton, Kildale Hall, Grosmont, York. 2nd March, 1897. 
Robert Charles De Grey Vyner, Newby Hall, Ripon. 3rd December, 1895. 



•7 

Henry Wagner, F.S.A., 13, Half Moon Street, Piccadilly, London. 4th 
December, 1S77. 

Rev. John Walker, Whalton Rectory, Newcastle, 5th December, (899. 

George Young Wall, Grange House, Darlington. 3rd December, [889. 

Rev. Walter walsh, Folkington Rectory, Polegate, Sussex. 2nd December, 
1879. 

William Warde-Aldam, Frickley Hall, Doncaster. 3rd March, 1891, 

Ernest Webster, (Jnthank Hall, Haltwhistle. 4th December, 1900. 

Richard Welford, Gosforth, Newcastle-on-Tyne. 1 si March, iScjj. {Vice- 
President, iSt)4 1903.) 

Rev. I". G. Wesley, Hamsteels Vicarage, Durham, 5th December, 1882. 
[Vice-President, 1899 1903.) 

Rev. W. Stuaii White, Esh Vicarage, Durham. 3rd March, 1899. 

T. B. Whytehead, Acomb, York, isi March, [887. 

Sir Hedworth Williamson, Hart., Whitburn Hall, Sunderland. 3rd Decem- 
ber, 1895. 

Rev. B. Wilson, Grammar School, Sedbergh. yd December, 1895. 

E. J. Wilson, Melton, Brough, Easl Yorkshire. 2nd June, 1868. 

Rev. W. R. Wilson, Bolsterstone Vicarage, Sheffield. 6th December, 1S98. 

Basil A. Wood, Conyngham Hall, Knaresborough. 3rd December, iS<)s- 

II. M. Wood, County Chambers, Sunderland. 4th March, 1902. 

Rev. Canon Wordsworth, Si. Peter's Rectory, Marlborough. 5th December, 
r89 3 . 

John Wright, rerrington, V ork. 4th June, 1873. 

The Lord Archbishop of York, Bishopthorpe, York. 5th December, 1893. 

Thomas Edward Yorke, Bewerley Hall, Pateley Bridge. 5th June, 1894. 

Henry Young, 12, South Castle Street, Liverpool. 5th March, 1895. 

Libraries and Public Institutions: — 

The University of Aberdeen, ist March, 1881. 

The Library ot Ampleforth Monastery, near York. 3rd December, [895. 
The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore. 5th June, 1883. 
The Enoch Pratt Free Library, Baltimore. 3rd December, [889. 
The Barrow-in-Furness Public Library. 3rd December, [901. 
The Battersea Central Library. 3rd December, igor. 
The Queen's College, Belfast. 7th December, 1886. 
Tlu- Imperial Library, Berlin. 14th March, 1863. 
The Birmingham Free Library. 3rd March, 1S74. 
St. Thomas Abbey, Erdington, Birmingham. 3rd December, 1901. 
The Bolton Public Library. 4th March, 1SS4. 
The Boston Athenaeum, U.S.A. 1st March, 1870. 
The Peabody Institute, Boston, U.S.A. 4th March, 1873. 
The Boston Public Library, U.S.A. 7th December, 1886. 
The Bradford Free Library. 5th June, [883. 
The Historical and Antiquarian Society, Bradford. 2nd December 

i8go. 
Bristol Public Libraries. 2nd December, kjo2. 
The Society of Bollandisl Fathers, Brussels. 3rd December, iSi^. 
The Buffalo Public Library, Buffalo, New York. ISl March, 1SS7. 
Christ's College, Cambridge. 13th December, [862. 
Trinity College, Cambridge. 5th June, 1866. 
The Public Library, Cardiff. 4th December, [890. 

The Carlisle Free Library, Tullie House, Carlisle. 1st March, [892. 

The Chelsea Public Libraries. 1 st March, 1892. 

The Dean and Chapter of Chester. isi March, 1SS7. 

The Chicago Public Library, U.S.A. isi March, 1SS7. 

The Newberry Library, Chicago, U.S.A. 6th December, i8q>. 

The University of Chicago, U.S.A. 3rd June, 1902. 

Cincinnati Public Library, U.S.A. 3rd December, 1901. 

The Darlington Publii Library, 2nd June, 1885. 



i8 

The Public Library, Detroit, Michigan, U.S.A. 7th June, 1887. 

The Dewsbury Public Library. 2nd June, 1891. 

The Doncaster Public Library. 4th December, 1883. 

The National Library of Ireland, Dublin. 3rd June, 1884. 

The Dean and Chapter of Durham. 1st June, 1869. 

The University of Durham. 16th June, 1858. 

The Advocates' Library, Edinburgh. 13th March, 1851. 

The Signet Library, Edinburgh. 6th December, 1864. 

The University of Edinburgh. 5th June, 1883. 

The Public Library, Edinburgh. 3rd March, 1896. 

St. Benedict's Abbey, Fort Augustus, N.B. 4th March, 1902. 

The Gateshead Public Library. 3rd December, 1889. 

The Mitchell Library, Glasgow. 4th December, 1877. 

The University of Glasgow. 3rd March, 1S74. 

The University of Gottingen. 8th December, 1863. 

The Public Library, Harrogate. 3rd March, 1896. 

The Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Mass., U.S.A. 1st March, 

1887. 
The Free Library, Hawick, N.B. 3rd March, 1889. 
The Public Libraries, Hull. 5th March, 1895. 
The Hull Subscription Library. 14th March, 1862. 
The Central Free Public Library, Leeds. 7th June, 1898. 
The Leeds Library, Commercial Street, Leeds, nth December, 1856. 
The Library of the Church Institute, Leeds. 7th June, 1892. 
The Thoresby Society, Leeds. 7th June, 1892. 
The Dean and Chapter of Lincoln. 7th June, 1882. 
The Liverpool Athenaeum. 6th June, 1855. 
The Liverpool Free Library. 3rd March, 1874. 
The Society of Antiquaries, London. 1st March, 1864. 
Constitutional Club, Northumberland Avenue, London. 3rd December, 

1 901. 
The Athenaeum Club, Pall Mall, London. 12th December, 1861. 
The Honourable Society ot Gray's Inn, London. 2nd June, 1874. 
The Guildhall Library, London. 1st December, 1874. 
The Honourable Society of Lincoln's Inn, London. 11th March, 1851. 
The London Library, 12, St. James's Square, London. 13th March, 1851. 
The Library of the Oratory, South Kensington, London. 7th June, 1881. 
The Library of the Public Record Office, Fetter Lane, London. 4th 

December, 1894. 
The Reform Club, London. 3rd December, 1895. 
The Royal Institution, London. 4th June, 1872. 
Sion College, London. December, 1857. 

Westfield College, Hampstead, London, N. 3rd December, 1901. 
The Dean and Chapter of St. Paul's, London. 4th December, 1883. 
The Honourable Society of the Inner Temple, London. 3rd December, 

1867. 
The Honourable Society of the Middle Temple, London. 1st December, 

1868. 
The Library, University College, London. 7th December, 1886. 
The New University Club, St. James's Street, London. 1st December, 

1891. 
The University of Lund, Sweden. 3rd March, 1891. 
Chetham's Library, Manchester. December, 1857. 
The John Rylands Library, Manchester. 4th December, 1900. 
The Manchester Free Library. 3rd December, 1S67. 
Owen's College, Manchester. 7th March, 1871. 
The Public Library, Melbourne. 4th June, 1895. 
The Middlesbrough Free Library. 6th March, 1883. 
The Royal Library, Munich. 14th March, 1863. 
The Cathedral Library, Neweastle-on-Tyne. 2nd June, 1891. 



•9 

The Public Libraries, Newcastle-on-Tyne. 4th December, 1883. 

The Societj' ol Antiquaries, Newcastle-on-Tyne. 24th September, 1853. 

Tin- Literary and Philosophical Society, Newcastle-on-Tyne. 171I1 March, 

,8 $3- 
The Library ol Princeton University, New [ersey, U.S.A. isl March, 

[887. 
1 ho Brooklyn Library, New York. -4 1 1 1 December, 1883. 
The Cornell University, Ithaca, New York. 41I1 December, 1883. 
The New York State Library, Albany, Now York. 1st March, 1887. 
The Now York Public Library. 1st March, 1887. 
The Syracuse Public Library, Now York State. 3rd December, 1901. 
The Nottingham Free Library. 1 si March, 1881. 
The Oxford Union Society. 41I1 March, 1902. 
Exeter College, Oxford. 5th March, 1878. 
St. John's College, Oxford. 14th March, 1863. 
Magdalen College, Oxford. 18th Juno, [862. 
Queen's College, Oxford. 2nd March, 1875. 

The Library Company, Philadelphia, L'.S.A. 5th December, [882. 
Dr. Shepherd's Library, Preston. 6th December, 1864. 
St. Augustine's Abbey, Ranisgate. 3rd December, 1901. 
The Dean and Chapter ot Ripon. yd March, 1874. 
The Rochdale Public Library. 4th March, 1884. 
The Rotherham Free Library. 3rd June, 1884. 
The University of St Andrew's. 71I1 December, 1886. 
The Imperial Library, St. Petersburg-. 14th .March, 1863. 
The Scarborough Philosophical Society. 71b December, i860. 
The Mechanics' and Literary Institute-, Scarborough. 5th December, 1 Sq<.>. 
The Sheffield Free Library. 1st March, 1881. 

The Literary and Philosophical Society, Sheffield. 4th March, 1881. 
The North Shields Free Library. 3rd December, 1889. 
The South Shields Free Library; 1st June, 1875. 
The Abbey of Solesmes, Appeldurcombe, Wroxall, Isle of" Wight. 

3rd December, 1895. 
The Stockton-on-Tees Free Library. 2nd March, 1897. 
St. John's College, Stonyhurst. 4th March, 1873. 
The University Library, Strasburg. 4th June, 1893. 
The Sunderland Free Library. 5th June, [883. 
The Subscription Library, Fawcett Street, Sunderland. jrd December, 

1889. 
The Free Library, Toronto. 1st March, 1892. 
The University of Upsala, Sweden. 2nd June, 1891. 
The President of St. Cuthbert's College, Ushaw, Durham. September, 

1838. 
The Imperial Library, Vienna. 14th March, 1863. 

The Library of the Congress, Washington, L'.S.A. 2nd December, 1873. 
The Public Library, West Hartlepool. 3rd March, [896. 
The Library of the Church House, Dean's Yard, Westminster. 41I1 June, 

1895. 
The Wigan Free Public Library. 3rd December, 1901. 
The Royal Library, Windsor. 7th December, [886. 

The Norman Williams Public Library, Woodstock, Vermont, U.S.A. 7th 

June, 1SS7. 
The Vale College, Connecticut, L'.S.A. 7th March, 1876. 
The Corporation of York. <>th March, 1888. 
The Dean and Chapter of York. 13th March, 1857. 
The Literary and Philosophical Society, York. 71I1 December, [88a 
The Public Library, York. 6th March, 1894. 
The Subscription Library, York. [6th March, [861. 

The Yorkshire Archaeological Association. 3rd March, 1868. 

The Yorkshire Architectural Society. 7th March, 1S71. 



2>r. 



JOHN GEORGE GRADON, TREASURER, IN 

From ist January, iqoi, 



1901. 
To Balance from last Account... 
,, Subscriptions received from ist January, 1901, to 31st 

December, 1902 ... 
,, Bank Interest 

,, Amount received from Sale of Books 
,, Further Subscription from Dean and Chapter of Durham 

towards cost of publishing' Account Rolls of Durham 

Abbey 
,, Subscription from Hostmen's Company of Newcastle 

towards cost of publishing- Records of Merchant 

Adventurers of Newcastle 



£ 


s. 


d. 


532 
694 


II 

I 






10 


10 


5 


20 


■l 


6 



50 o 




£1407 7 " 



£ 


s. 


d. £ 


82 


5 


7 


'73 


8 


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1 2 


9 


IO 





— 


- 268 


39 


1 1 





77 


9 


9 


12 


3 


3 



129 4 



ACCOUNT WITH THE SURTEES SOCIETY. 

to J 1st December, TQ02. £r. 



d. 
Vol. 103. Durham Account Rolls, Vol. Ill: 
By paid Rev. Dr. Fowler for editing 
Do. T. Caldcleugh for printing 
Do. Leighton, Son and Hodge for binding 

Vol. 104. Knaresborough Wills:— 
By paid Dr. Collins for editing 
Do. J. Whitehead and Son for printing 
Do. Leighton, Son and Hodge tor binding- ... 

Vol. 105. Merchant Adventurers of Newcastle, 
Vol. II :— 
By paid F. W. Dendy, Esq., for editing ... 
Do. R. Welford, Esq., for indexing 

Do. A. Reid and Son for printing 

Do. Leighton, Son and Hodge for binding ... 

Vol. 106. Testamenta Eboracensia, Vol. VI:— 

By paid J. \V. Clay, Esq., tor editing 

Do. J. Whitehead and Son tor printing 

Do. Leighton, Son and Hodge for binding ... 

Vol. 107. Rites of Durham : — 

By paid T. Caldcleugh on account for printing ... ... 50 o o 

Beverley Chaptf.r Act Book : — 

By paid A. F. Leach, Esq., on account for editing ... ... 40 o o 

MISCELLANEOUS : — 

By paid W. Brown, Secretary, iov allowance to 

June, 1902 ... ... ... ... ... 60 o o 

Do. J. G. Gradon, Treasurer, for allowance 

to June, 1902 ... ... ... ... 30 o o 

Do. Andrews & Co., general expenses for 1 wo 

years, less books sold by them ... ... 49 9 2 

Do. T. Caldcleugh, printing report ... .. 890 

Ho. Purchase of Scarce Volumes ... ... 638 

Ho. Procter for printing circulars ... ... o 13 9 

\)o. Treasurer for postage, stationery, &c. ... 986 

164 4 . 

Balance in Treasurer's Hands ... ... ... ... 3S2 10 9 



46 


'4 


6 






8 


8 









43 


15 


4 






'4 


8 


1 1 






— 





— 


2 '3 


6 9 


5' 


9 









95 


5 


9 






13 


4 


2 


I.S9 


18 11 



£'407 7 ' 



Examined and found correct, 

JNO. GIBSON, Auditor. 



nth February, rgoj. 



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CIRCULATION OEPtT 








UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, BERKELEY 
FORM NO. DD6, 60m, 3/80 BERKELEY, CA 94720 




U.C. BERKELEY LIBRARIES 



H DAY USE 

RETURN TO DESK FROM WHICH BORROWED 

LOAN DEPT. 

This book is due on the last date stamped below or 

on the date to which renewed ' 

J^dbc^ksare subject to Sdtte recall. 




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