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Full text of "The roads of England and Wales : an itinerary for cyclists, tourists, and travellers, containing an original description of the contour and surface with mileage of the main (direct and principal cross) roads in England and Wales, and Part of Scotland ..."

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ASPINALL 



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A 

A 

for 
cann 
the : 



CY{ 




.est 

dapted 
e, and 
) from 

d. 



out. 



In Screw Stoppered Flat Flasks, post free, Is. 6d., from 

^WORKS, LONDON, S.E. 

ASPINALL'S "CONQUEROR" CLEANING PASTE, 

In Boxes 4d. and 6d., post free. 



L 



MUTUAL ASSURANCE 1 



.H^S UNIVERSITY LIBRARIES 





Scottish PR0viUBT"i°;iA7umd. 

EDINBURGH— 6, St. Andrew Square. LONDON— 17, King William St., E.G 

THIS SOCIETY COMBINES THE ADVANTAGES OF 

MUTUAL ASSURANCE WITH MODERATE PREMIUMS. 

The PREMIUMS are so moderate that at most ages an Assurance of £1,200 or £1,250 may 
be secured from the first for the same yearly payment which would elsewhere assure (with 
profits) £1,000 only— the difference being equivalent to an immediate and certain Bonus of 20 
to 25 per cent. 

A person of 30 may secure at once a provision of £o,C00 (with profits) for his family, 
in case of his death, by payment of little more than £100 a year. 

The whole PROFITS go to the Policy-holders, on a system at once safe and equitable--Lo 
share being given to those by whose early death there is a loss. 

The effect of reseroinq the surplus for the survivors (who will, however, comprise more than 
half the members) has been that— in addition to the above immediate advantage— Policies 
sharing a first time were increased at last investigation (1887 generally from 18 or 20 to 34 
per cent.; Avhile Policies of £1,000 which had previously shared were increased to £1,.500, 
£1,800, and upwards. 





Examples of Premiums for £100 at Death 


With Profits. 


. 


Age. 


Payable , Limited to 
during Life. 2i paj-ments. 


Age. 

35 
t40 


Payable Limited to 
during Life. 21 payments. 


Age. 


Payable 
during Life. 


Limited to i 
21 payments. 


25 
30 


£1 18 £2 12 G 
2 16 2 15 4 

1 


£2 6 10 £3 2 
2 14 9 i 3 7 5 

1 


45 
50 


£3 5 9 

4 17 


£3 17 6 
4 12 1 



* Thus a person of 30 may secure £1,000 at Death by a yearly payment, during life, of 
£20 15s. This Premium would generally elsewhere secure £800 only instead of £1,000. 

OR, if unwilling to burden himself wiih payments during whole life, he may secure the same 
£1,000 by fwentij-one yearly payments of £27 i3s. ^A.— being thus frit of payment after age 50. 

[The usual non-participating Rates differ very little from these" Premiums— the assurers 
thus virtually throwing away the prospect of additions without any compensating 
advantage.] 

t At age 40 the Premium ceasing o^ 60, is for£l,OCO, £33 14s. 2d., about the same as most 
Offices require during the whole hfe. Before that time the Policy will have shared in at 
least one division of profits. 



rriHE following are the Results reported for 1888 : — 

The New Assurances completed were £1,163,044. 
Being for the \bth year in succession ahove a million. 
Premiums in year £5.58,875. Total Income, £855,886. 

The Claims of j^ear (including Bonus additions*) were £328,530. 

*■ These Bonuses averaged 49 "5 per cent, on Assurances which participated. 

Realised Funds (increased by £401,212) at close of year £6,516,468. 

The SOCIETY has taken a leading part in the Removal of Forfeitures. 

All Policies (not seafaring or military risks, for which special arangements 
may be made) are World-wide, and free from Restrictions on Residence after five 
years — provided the Assured has attained the age of 30. 

REPORTS containing Tables of Rates, Sfc, may also noio he had. 

JAMES WATSON, Manager. 

J. MUIR LEITCH, London Secretary. 



PERKEN, SON & RHYMENT, Hatton Garden, London. E.C. 



i 



OPTI 




WIDE 
ANGLE. 



LONG 
FOCUS. 




EXTENSION CAMERA. 

Baseboard does not cut off the uieuu when using Wide Angle Lenses. 

This Instrument possesses every possible advantage, being very 
Light, very Rigid, and very Portable. The Focussing Screen and 
Body may be brought tovvards the front ot the Baseboard, so as to 
prevent obstruction when using Lenses of Wide Angular aperture 
and Short Focus. It is provided with Double-Swing Arrangement 
and Long Focussing (Rack) Adjustment. When closed, the Lens 
may remain attached to its proper position (the front), and project 
through the turn-table on Baseboard. 



140/- 



Price, including Threj Double Dark Slides — 
5x1 6i X 41 8k X Qh 10 X 8 12 x 10 

146/. 165/- 188/-' 235/- 288/- 



15 X 12 

350/- 



'OPTIMUS' DETECTIVE CAMERA. 




Price, including Three Double Dark Slides, with 

'Optimus' Rapid View Lens, working FS £5 10 

Ditto, with 'Optimus' Rapid Rectilinear working F8 6 6 

Ditto, with ' Optimus ' Rapid Euryscope working F6 7 7 Q 

" Extra " Double Dark Slides, each 8 9 

The Shutter is arranged for exposures of any duration not 
less than one hundredth of a second. The Shutter and Camera 
occupy so little space that Six Double Dark Slides, accommo- 
dating Twelve Dry Plates, can be carried, iu addition to a 
Focussing Screen. A panel slides up at the end of the box, 
uisplaying the screen for focussing. The exactness in focussing 
is simple, and the position is maintained by a secure clamping 
arrangement. A similar sliding panel is fitted to the front end, 
completely hides the Lens. The exterior is covered with leather, and measures 91 by oh 
(Negatives 4i by 3i.) 4 j a 

'OPTIMUS' ENLARGING APPARATUS. 

Russian Iron Body, 3-wick Refulgent Lamp, Compound Condenser, 
Mahogany Camera Front, Long Extension Bellows, Rack and Pinion 
Adjustment, so that Operator's own Lens raa.y be ^jsed. 

DIAMETER OP CONDENSERS. 

4 6 7 8 10 12 

60/- 75/- 87/6 110/. 160/- 285/- 450/- 

'OPTIMUS' MAGIC LANTERNS. Limelight may be Adapted. 



which 
by7J. 





Japanned Metal, 
33/- 



Students' Lantern (to take 

Demonstrating Tank) with 

finished Brass Sliding 

Tubes, 40/- 

MAGIC LANTERN SLIDES IN LARGE VARIETY. 



Russian Iron Body, 

Sliding Tubes, 

45/- 



Perf orated Russian Iron 

Brass Sliding Tubes, 

50/- 



■^S" PERKEN, SON & RAYMENT ^"^""^ 



Fbee. 



Manufacture for the Trade ONTjY 
CAMERAS, LENSES, 

OPTIMUS 

AND PHOTOGRAPHIC APPARATUS. 



J 




"OPTI.VIUS"EURYSCOPE. 

" Working as it does with such 
a large aperture (f/o approx.), it 
serves as a portrait and group 
lens, as well as a landscape and 
copying objective. There is no 
doubt of its proving a most use- 
ful lens." — J. Traill Taylor, 
British Journal of Photography. 

" We are plea-!ed to find upon 
trial that the lens [' Optinius ' 
Rapid Rectilinear] sent for re- 
view is really an EXCELLENT 
INSTRUMENT." — Photo- 
graphic A'czvs. 

" PORTRAIT LENS. — The 
'Optiir.us' Lenses arc MODE- 
RATE in PRICE, and yield 
most excellent results." — ^{jna- 
teur Photographer. 

"I should strongly recom- 
mend Rayment's Camera. It 
is LIGHT. COMPACT, very 
RIGID, and extends to about 
dcjuble the usud focus." — 
Amateur Photographer. 

" The ' Rayment ' Camera in 
particular claims attention, 
both for its BEAUTY of WORK- 
MANSHIP, and for the EASE 
and READINESS with which 
it can be put Into action."— 
The Cajiura. 

* Invited to say if, in our 
estimation, the Studio Cameras 
of Perken, Son, and Rayment 
Could be improved in any way 
whatever for the purpose for 
which they are intended, we 
must answer, No ! " — British 
Journal of Photography. 



< OPTIMUS' 

5 by 4 i 
63/- 

'OPriiyEus' 



^APID EUBYSCOPE. 

7 by 5 9 by r 10 by S 
94/6 126/- 220- 

RAPID RECTILINEAR. 



33/- 



lo 



45/- 4D, 3 



1 1 
180/- 



1 K 

225/- 



64/- 82 6 1276 142/6 
'OPTIMUS' 
WIDE-ANGLE SYMMETRICAL. 

5 by 4 7 by 5 9 by 7 10 by 8 l-2bvlO 15 by 12 18 by 16 
33,- 52,6 82,'6 127 6 142/6 180/- 225,'- 

' OPTIMUS ' 
aUICK ACTING PORTRAIT. 

Diam. . . 2 inches. 2f inches. 3.V inclies. 
Price . . 90/- 120/- " 180/- 

1 B 2 B 3 B 




RAYMENT^S PATENT CAMERA 

(Long Focus). 
Price includes 3 Double Dark Slides. 



4i by 3J 
120,'- 



126'- 



C.^ by 43 
145/- 



8i by 6.^ 
168/- 



lObvS 
212- 



12 by 10 
258- 



15 by 12 
314/- 



' OPTIMUS' CAMERA {Long Focus-). 
Price includes 3 Double Dark Slides. 



4^ by 34 
130/- 



5 by 4 
133,/- 



C.^ by 4| 
137/- 



Vn bv 6i 
175- 



10 by 8 I 12 by 10 
227/- I 275/- 

PORTABLE (A.R.) CAMERA 

Compact, Rigid, and of Excellent Finish. 



15 by 12 
333/- 



\\ by 3| 5 by 4 6} by 4a %\ by 6^ 10 by 8 12 by 10 15 by 12 
102/- 104 9 118'-' 146,'3' 174 6 216- 274/6 

'OPTIMUS' STUDIO CAMERA, 

With Repeating Frame, Masks, and one Single Dark 
Slide, Rack Focussing, and Swing. 



6.V by 6i 
'145/-' 



8* by 6i 
188/- ' 



10 by 10 
225, 



12 bv 12 
265/- 



15 by 15 
325/- 



99, HATTON GARDEN, ILiONDON, 

BEGINNER'S GUIDE TO PHOTOGRAPHY- Second Edition, Revised and Enlarged, 6d. 



a 



The best advertising MEDIUM 



FOE THE 



Bicycle, Tricycle, and General Athletic and 

Sporting Interests. 



"WHEELING," 

EDITED BY 

C. W. Nairn and W. McCandlish. 



EVERY WEDNESDAY. ONE PENNY. 



" The I^eadiiig Organ of the Vik^t\nke.'>'>—Sim'ting Life-. 



SAMPLE COPY MAILED FREE UPON RECEIPT OF ADDRESS 

ON POST CARD. 



PUBLISHERr 

CHARLES GRIEVE,152, FLEET ST., 

XjiO:N'I>OBa' E.G. 



W. J. PILE, 

I & 2, & 171, FENGHURCH STREET, E.G., 

AND 71 & 73, PARK STREET, REGENT'S PARK, N.W. 







OUTFITTER 

(by appoin-tmen-t) 








To 


the CYCLISTS' 


TOURING CLUB (C.LC.) and LONDON ATHLETIC 


CLUB 


a 


A.C). 






and most of the Leading Clubs. 


S,"\-'\,'S_'V_'\. 


■\,'*^'\. 


N.N.-^'N.'^w-V 



SERGE CYCLE SUITS, 

EEADY MADE, from 20/- complete. 

CYCLE SUITS, ALL SHADES, 

TO MEASURE, from 35/- complete, in serviceable Tweeds and Serges. 

CYCLE SHOES, 

From 7/11 to 15/6. 

W. J. PILE, MAKER OF THE 

"PERFECTA" SHOE. 

THE BEST SHOE FOR CYCLISTS. 

"PERFECTA" KNEE-SHAPED HOSE, 

FOR CYCLING, 4/6 per pair. 
W. J. PILE, SOLE CITY AGENT FOR THE 

"PERFECTA" GRASS STRAW HAT. 

Weighs only 2oz. Price 2/6. 

WATERPROOF CAPES 

FOR CYCLISTS. From 6;6. Leggings, 3/11. 
W. J. PILE, AGENT FOR THE 

SUN-DRIED "GOSSAMER" CAPES 

FOR CYCLISTS. 
W. J. PILE SUPPLIES 

CYCLE ACCESSORIES 

OF EVERY DESCRIPTION. 

Saddles, Wallets, Luggag-e- Carriers, Bells, Lamps, Spanners, etc. 



WRITE FOR ILLUSTRATED PRICE LIST TO 

W. J. PILE, 1 & 2, & 171, FENCHURCfl STREET, CITY. 



a 



NIXON'S" CYCLING 




REGISTERED. 




NETT 18/6 CASH. 



"Tn an advertisement elsewhere appears an illustration of this slioe winch was built to the 
nrflPi of Mr Alfreu Nixon by Messrs. Maclauex & Sons, of C'oruhill, an old-established, 
wS-clis firm of boot and shoemakers. One of our editors has baen nding this season ma 
S.hotthe?e shoes and confirms the remarks of Mr. Nixon upon them._ At the first glance it 
?^,,iri «\.^Par that the india-rubber sole would draw the foot; but this is not so, as there is an 
S?Smed^??rsof of the best leather, and this keeps the foot quite cool. The flexibnity of the 
WW and rubbei combined makes this the beaic ideal of a cycling shoe, and of such splendid 
nuahW is thrrubbei' t^at it holds the teeth of the rat-trap pedal without any tendency to tear, 
nnd n?the Sime time does away with the necessity for slotted shoes. Mr. Nixon, as a practical 
r?cli?t of SSt torn in- experience, is as well qualified as any man going to pronounce upon 
Sf me?L rf so mportant an adjunct to a wheelman's comfort as his shoes, and, without 
rl^sirTnTto mil the 'Nixon Shoe' unduly, we must say that we have never come across, m a 
SvPttv!eT?Jhv pe?iod of cvcling lifo, so comfortable and cool a shoe. An extra advautage 
ab?i?itist£tiris an excellent walking shoe, and can be used with impunity on the tennis 
Swn As nothin- but the best material is used, the price is not particularly low, but one paa- 
wm probably St about four seasons."- irAaeZi«^. May 22nd, 1889. 

London, October 27fh, 1883. 
UEAE biRS, Rubber-soled Shoes for Cyclists a thorough trial^ and find 

thPv have manv advantages over ordmary shoes provided with slots. The Rat-trap Pedal grips 
Sim oerL?tl7and ma^^^^^ impression on the Rubber, and vibration is mmimised to 

an ?itiaorSrv de-ree. For use with Rubber Pedals they are also excellent, as even when 
SePt^rfalS wet thf Rubber Sole still holds it perfectly and does not slip. The Shoe is 
iiJrfrctlv flfx blSd eives the ankle full play, and you are enabled on a long ride to move the 
KrotaVoutoJ the Pedal backwards and forwards, which is a great comfort and relief, and this 
you ?aimot do wUa sU^Ued shoe. For walking, when compelled to do so, they are very com- 
forUble, whereas with slots the front of the foot is raised out of its natural position. 

I am, Dear Sirs, 

Yours truly, 

A. NIXON, 
To Messrs. James Maclaken & Sons, Anerley B.C. and Road Record, Aszociatlon. 

55, Gornhill, E.G. 



JAMES MAGLAREN & SONS, 

55, GORNHILL, LONDON, E.G. 



ESTABLISHED 1798. 



Write for Illustrated Price List, with Instructions for Self-measurement 

or send old Boot. 



TRADE 




MARK. 



"WHIPPET." 



The 



( i 



Whippet 



5 5 



STANDS OUT CLEARLY AS THE ONLY 

MACHINE 

Upon which the Rider is completely insulated from all" Vibration ; and has now been 

before the Public Four Years. 




SPECIFICATION OF SAFETY BICYCLE. 

30-in. Wheels, geared to 51-in., S-i-in., 57-in., or 60-in. to order. Direct Spokes, 
I Tyres (larger ones to order), Oval Hollow Forks, Detachable Mud Guards, 
Handle Bars in three patterns, straight, low dropped, and bent back for upright 
riding. Adjustable Saddle, Detachable Chain Wheels, Detachable Cranks with 
adjustable throw from 5.| to 65-in. Enamelled Black, bright parts plated. 



FOR FULLER DETAILS WRITE FOR LARGE LIST GRATIS, CONTAINING 
THE BEST TESTIMONIALS IN THE TRADE. 



LINLEY& BIGGS, 29, CLERKENWELL ROAD, LONDON. 



NORRIS'S NEW HORSESKIN CYCUNB SHOES, 



Soft as Silk. 



Shine like 
Patent. 




"Will not Crack. 



THE 



Anglo-Dutchman. 

(COMBINATION.; 

i2s. U. 




FOR 

CYCLING 



Every Pair 
(juaranteed. 



The Lacy Hillier. 

(REGISTERED.) 
FOR ROAD 

12s. 6d. 

TOURING 



15s. 6d. 



OH 



AND 



WALKING. 



PATH 




21s, 

HAND SEWN. 



HAND SEWN. - 



"Anglo-Dutchman" says of this *Shoe, C.T.C. 
Gazette, December 1887. 
"3fij Cycling Shoes alicays cracked, prohahly 
ihrotigh my ankle action, but after a stiff trial of 
these shoes, I have come to the conclusion I will 
wear no others ; they are very tough in wear, soft 
as kid almost, and do not draw the feet." 

* This confirmed in the Gazette, J.anuary 1888. 



THIS Slioe, designed and perfected by Mr. 
G. Lacy Hillier, the well-known cyclist, 
and co-author with Viscount Bury, K.C.M.G., 
of the Cycling Volume of the Badminton 
Library, combines, FOR THE FIRST TIME 
ON RECORD, all the vital points of a prac- 
tical cycling shoe. It possesses a light and 
flexible waist — an absolute necessity tor 
correct pedaUing— a properly stiffened sole, 
and there is plenty of room for the natural 
spreading of the toes, whilst the shoe being 
cut high, fits firmly over the instep and round 
the ankle without undue pressure. It is as a 
whole a very light shoe, and the material of 
which it is made is very durable, will with- 
stand constant wear and take abnUiant pobsh. 



OPINIONS OF THE PRESS, FEBRUARY 1889. 
The Cyclist saj-s : " Norris's Horseskin Shoes look cut out for hard work." 
Scottish Cyclist : " They are neatly made, and adapted for light or heavy weai. 

Wheelinrj : " They are tougher and more durable than ordinary leather oroverbial cocked 

Bicycling News : " From long practical trial I have found them knock all others into tne proveruiai i, 
hat. They are easy and comfortable from the first day's wear " ,,o^„,.„i mnnths and confiiTUS the 

Irish CycliM: "A member of our staff has been wearing them for seveial montns, ana oouium 

laudatory opinion expressed of them." 

An old shoe is sufficient guide for size, or shape of the foot oT^r. Rules for self-measiurement and 

detailed price list post free. 

WHolesale Terms to Cycling Agents. Illustrated Price List Post Free. 

GEO. NORRIS, 28 & 29, ST. SWITHIN'S LANE, E.G. 

62, KING WILLIAM STREET, AND 39, BISHOPSGATE STREET.LONDON, E.C. 



u 



FACILE"! "FARRINGDON" 




The "GEARED FACILE 



19 is the best SAFETY 
BICYCLE in the World, 



combining all the ad- 
vantages of both Front and Kear Driver. It is remarkably easy to learn, so much 
so that an absolute novice can learn to ride it in an hour. It is safe, very fast, a 
splendid hill climber, and the steering is perfect. Hundreds of testimonials 
received to the above. This Machine holds the World's Record of 297 niiles 

in 24 hours. 



The "FARRINGDON 



J J is the leading RATIONAL 
ORDINARY BICYCLE. All 

~~ who have ridden it have pro- 
nounced it the easiest driving and most comfortable Bicycle they have ever mounted. 
An increasing number of riders are reverting to the improved Ordinary, and these 
should choose the " Farringdon " for their mount. 



Price List of the above and other Machines free on 

application. 



SOLE MANUFACTURERS: 



ELLIS 8l CO., LIMITED, 

47, FARRINGDON ROAD, LONDON, E.O. 



NEW EDITIONS. 



Philips' Cyclists' Maps of the Counties of England. 

names o^Srecommeiided by Cyclists, eeditceb fkom the oebnance suevey. The most 
practical and useful Koad Maps that hnve ever been issued. 

LIST OF THE SERIES. 



BEDFOKD. 
BEHKS. 

BUCKINGHAM. 
CAMBRIDGE. 
CHESHIEE. 
COENWALL, 
CUMBEELAND. 
•DERBY. 
DEVON. 
DOESET. 
DURHAM. 
ENGLISH LAKE DIST 



ESSEX. 

GLOUCESTER. 

HAMPSHIRE. 

HEREFORD. 

HERTFORD. 

HUNTINGDON. 

KENT. 

LANCASHIEE. 

LEICESTER & BUTLAND. 

LINCOLN. 

MIDDLESEX. • 

MONMOUTH. 



NORFOLK. 

NORTHAMPTON. 

NOETHUMBEELAN D. 

NOTTINGHAM. 

OXFORD. 

SHROPSHIRE. 

SOMERSET. 

STAFFORD. 

SUFFOLK. 

SUEEEY. 

SUSSEX. 

WARWICK. 



WESTMORELAND. 
WILTSHIRE. 
WORCESTER. 
YORKSHIRR, N.W. 
YORKSHIRE, N.E. 
YORKSHIRE, S.W. 
YORKSHIRE, S.E. 



NORTH WALES. 

SOUTH WALES. 

ISLE OP WIGHT. 

ISLE OF MAN. 
,AKE DIST. AiUJsmuuin. ,,^„,,*v.... ^ 

Folded in neat cloth case, Is. each ; mounted on cloth and m case, 2b. each. 
LANCASHIRE. Double Map, in case, 2s. ; mounted on cloth and m case, 3s 6d. 
YORKSHIRE. Four Sheets, mounted on cloth in case, 7s. 

Uniform with the al)Ove. 
PHILIPS' CYCLISTS' MAP OF LONDON AND ENVIRONS, extending to St. Albans, Chelms- 
ford Guildford, and Maidstone. Folded in case, Is. ; mounted on cloth and m case, 2s. 6d. 
Mr. lVcy Hillier, writing in the Bicyling Neus, says :—" These Maps appear to us to be 
exactly right, neither too large nor too small. They are divided simply into counties, by far 
the best arrangement for touring maps. Headquarters of the C.T.C. are marked, and also 
consuls and repairing shops, and, in fact, every necessary information is given. 

" For this special purpose will be found trustworthy and useful. —Times. 
PHILIPS' CYCLISTS' MAP OF 100 MILES ROUND LONDON, with Main Roads Coloured 
and Hills indicated. Folded in case, 2s. 6d. ; mounted on cloth and m case, os. 



GEORGE PHILIP I SON, 32, ELEET STREET, LONDON, E.G. 




For SCHOOLS, CLUBS, COLLEGES, and PRIVATE USE. 

APPARATUS ON THE SWEDISH SYSTEM. 

ILLUSTRATED PROSPECTUS POST-FREE ON APPLICATION. 



52, GOSWELL ROAD, LONDON, E.G. 



REniCKI) ORDNANCE JFAP OF 



1 



GLAID) ATO WALES 

^-~^ Etu graved on. Sixty E'vve sheets aTid -- 

PLANNED UPON A SCALE OF TWO MILES TO AN INCH. 



1/6 ccfoiirecl. 2/6 colciired &Tn<nmted. 







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Webster Family Library of Veterinary i^^sdicine 
Cumming;; Gchco! of Veterinary iVledicine at 
Tufts Univertity 
200 Westboro Roaa 
Nortii Grafton, MA 



^^^^^t>i.>-^ ^ McA.^<yckyi^/6 ^jf^^^KOT.^^' ^(ry^crz.^^^^ 

THE ROADS 



OF 



ENGLAND AND WALES; 

AN ITINERARY FOR CYCLISTS, TOURISTS, & TRAVELLERS 

COIfTAIKIirG 

Jin ©rigimxl ^^scriptbn ot the OCcntaur anb ^iivface iuitli ^lilc-.Tge of tlt^ 

#tiuit (direct nni) principal Cross) gloabs in (Engl.tnb 

anb g^lviUs, anb y-art of ^cotlanb ; 

PAETICULAELY ADAPTED TO THE USE OF 

BICYCLISTS AND TRICYCLISTS 

TOGETHEK WITH 

TOPOGRAPHICAL NOTES OF THE CHIEF CITIES AND TOWNS. AND REFERENCES 

TO THE ANTIQUITIES, NATURAL CURIOSITIES, AND PLACES OF 

INTEREST ALONG THE VARIOUS ROUTES; 



ALSO 



A LIST OF HOTELS AND INNS IN EACH TOWN, 

SUITABLE FOE CYCLISTS. 



By CHAKLES HOWAED 

{Wanderers' B.C. and C.T.C.) 



FIFTH EDITION, 

JConCron : 
MASON & PAYXE, 7, Gracechurch Street, E.G. 
HUTCHINSON & CO., 25, Paternoster Square, E.G. 



1889. 

■i {Copyright; entered at Stationer's Hall.) 



WILKINS 



5 



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LONDON : L. UrCOTT GILL, 170, STRAND, W.C 



PREFACE. 



T T cannot be denied that Cycling, ever since its introduction into this 
country as a means of locomotion, has been in want of a reliable 
Koad Book specially adapted for its requirements — in short, one that 
will afford full information as to mileage, hills, and surface of, at 
least, the great trunk roads. A strong proof of this, if any be needed, 
can be readily found by reference to the columns of the papers devoted 
to the pastime, where enquiries about roads, &c., may be seen almost 
every week. 

Eoad Books are by no means a new invention, but without 
beginning so far back as the " Itinerarium " of Antoninus— the earliest 
specimen extant of a Head Book — it wiJl suffice to mention Gary's and 
Fatersonh Roads, both of which ran through many editions between 
1780 and 1830, an interval that embraces the heyday of the coaching 
period. With the introduction of railways, travelling by road was 
gradually discontinued, and coaching almost died out. "When, how- 
ever, the bicycle was invented, the "'Queen's highway" once more 
became extensively used, and wheelmen traversed the length and 
breadth of the island. Eoad information was eagerly sought for, 
and the bicycling press did its best to meet the requirements of the 
day, while the earlier Annuals contained a small collection of road 
routes described for bicycling. But the first public suggestion I can 
find of a Eoad Book specially adapted ad usum hicycUcorum was in a 
letter that appeared three or four years ago in Bicycling News over the 
then familiar nom de plume of " Essedarius." Since then several 
attempts have been made towards fiUing up the gap, but in my 
opinion none of them have yet produced anything of a sufficiently 
practical nature to commend itseK to cyclists generally. The absence, 
therefore, of a Cyclist's Eoad Book has prompted me to n\ake this 



rV TREFACE. 

compilation in the hope that it will supply what may well he called 
an acknowledged want. 

As regards the work itself the chief aim has been to shape its 
contents in the most concise and intelligible form possible for the 
purpose of ready reference, by adhering to simplicity in matters of 
detail, but without degenerating into generalities in vagueness of 
description. 

V/hile professedly written in the special interest of cj^clists it has 
been endeavoured, as far as the limits of such a class-work would 
allow, to embody in it also some general information suited to the 
wants of other travellers than wheelmen. ''Where to go and what 
to see" has been construed in the barest and most literal meaning of 
the phrase, and long descriptions and minute particulars of the sights 
of our land have been invariably omitted. In this respect the tourist 
is referred for further information to county histories and local guide- 
books. 

The roads are divided into direct and cross. All the former start 
from London, arranged in sections according to their several starting 
points (beginning with London Bridge), following the course of the 
sun from east to west, and continued round the compass. The cross 
roads are those which simply connect the large towns that are not on 
the same direct routes ; they begin in the county of Kent and go round 
the map. The mileage is based upon that given in Paterson''s Roads 
(18th ed., 1826), with some few corrections from the Ordnance Survey 
and milestones. As for the road descriptions, a fair proportion is the 
result of personal observation ; a few routes have been gleaned from 
the "Bicycle" Annuals for 1877 aud 1878; for information as to 
many others I am largely indebted to j)ersonal friends and bicyclical 
acquaintances ; and I have obtained many miscellaneous details from 
some of tlifi interesting accounts of tours contained in the pages of 
Bicycling News. To all I owe an acknowledgment. Yet even now I 
tind that there are some roads about which I can obtain no reliable 
information ; of these I can of course state the mileage only. 

It will be observed that the road description is given from town 
to town> and this is followed at each stage first by the names (alpha- 



PREFACE. 



betically arranged) of hotels ; and then by a Hst of pkices of interest 
and notes of towns. It is not intended to recommend hotels, but to 
those that have adopted the Cyclists' Touring Club tariff are added 
the initials "B.T.C." or '• C.T.C." 

A copious Index will, it is hoped, complete the efficiency of the 
Volume. 

It is hardly to be expected that a work of this kind in its first 
edition can be perfect ; hence any additions and corrections will be 
thankfully accepted. All communications on this head should be 
addressed to me, care of the publishers. 

In conclusion, while conscious that I may not have attained the 
standard of perfection in the eyes of all, yet I feel assured this volume 
contaniing, as it does, an amount of information at once unique and 
never before collected, will be acceptable to the great majority of my 
readers as a handbook of really practical utility, and I shall be satisfied 
if my efforts are a means of furthering the interests of the glorious 
pastime. 

My task is now at an end. Res ipsa loquatur. 
London: i¥a?/ 1882. p -u- 



PEEFACE TO THE FIFTH EDITION. 



JN response to the general and generous appreciation of this work, and with 
the idea that the last should always be the best, I again gladly seize the 

opportunity of making some improvements in the road description and 

nuleage, etc. These corrections are chiefly the result of my own close and 

personal observation, but, at the same time, for many of them I have to 

thank several gentlemen in various parts of the country. 

We attain perfection gradually, and, therefore, I endeavour to correct 

all errors where possible, so that with the latest information we shall be at 

least nearest to perfection. 

While thanking those who have been kind enough to point out errors, I 
hope their example will be followed by others wherever necessary 

March, 1889. ^ ^ 



FOR COMFORT, 

When riding COOLNESS, 

wear CLEANLINESS, 

CELLULAR ""c"^!"^ 
CYCLING SHIRTS, 

AND 

UNDERCLOTHING, 



IN 



COTTON, MERINO, WOOL, OR SILK- 



Ecru Cotton, Striped Cotton, Ecru Silk and Cotton, 

6/- 6/6 9/- 

White Wool, White Merino, Striped Silk and Cotton, 

10/- 11/- 17/- 

Striped Silk, 28/- 



C.T.C. Gazette—''' Light, porous, and cool, and its nse a pleasant relief." 

Cyclist — " Cellular clothing a boon and a blessing." 

Wheeling — " Much pleased with our experience." 

Bicycling Neios — " Most comfortable and healthy garments for cycling." 



Note the Label CELLULAR CLOTHING, PATENT, on all Garments. 



A full selection of all garments made in Cellular Fabrics 
on view at OLIVER BROS., 417, Oxford Street, W. 

OLIVER BROS, will cut any length of cloth or send a 
Sample Garment, post free to any address (on receipt of re- 
mittance), which will be exchanged or money returned if not 
approved of. 

THE CELLULAR CLOTHING COMPANY, LD., 

75, ALDERMANBURY, LONDON, E.G. 



INTRODUCTION. 



nPHERE arc two or tliree matters tliat appear to me to be of special 
interest to cycling tourists, as bearing- more or less upon the 
Bubject of the following page?, and as to wliicli I trust that the few 
observations I am tempted to make will not be thought out of place 
or superfluous in introducing this compilation to the cycling world. 

EOADS : THEIR CHAEACTEEISTICS & COMPOSITION. 

In one respect our roads are in a state of transition. After a life of 
nearly 200 years the turnpike trust system is doomed ; for many 
years past it has been in process of gradual abolition, the care of the 
roads being now transferred to the newly constituted County Councils. 

Thanks, however, to the recently formed Roads Improvement 
Association, much useful information as to the proper system for tho 
maintenance of roads is being disseminated, and will no doubt in timO 
bear good fruit. Let us hope that the change will not be for the 
worse. 

Since the decay of coaching some of the main roads have to a 
great extent become disused for travelling, but very few have seriously 
deteriorated. On the whole our roads will bear comparison with the 
continental roads. If Normandy, Central France, and Germany have 
good roads, so have we; but we have scarcely any of that horrid 
'pave that the French and Belgians seem to delight in. 

Generally speaking, the roads in the South of England are 
better than those in the North ; those again in agricultural districts, 
as a rule, are better than the roads in the manufacturing districts, 
chiefly, no doubt, owing to the heavy trafiic the latter have to endure. 
Like most things also, roads differ in their composition as well as in 
their condition, the latter chiefly depending on the former ; thus the 
phrase *' state of the roads " is one of special significance to bicyclists. 



viii INTRODUCTION. 

The materials used in the composition of roads naturally varj 
to some extent according to the geological nature of the district. 
Taking that basis, roads may be classed as flint, gravel, limestone, 
macadam, oolite, sandstone, sandy, &c. 

Undoubtedly the smoothest road-surface is that made of gravel, 
or, perhaps, gravel and flint combined, as gravel often contains a lo^ 
of flint. Gravel, geologically speaking, is a stratum of stones, large 
and small, deposited by the action of water after being broken and 
rounded by constant attrition or rubbing against each other ; some- 
times the term is used to mean all stones broken small, whether by 
nature or art, but the former is the more natural and the correct descrip- 
tion. Gravel is very widely and indiscriminately distributed, but the 
chief gravel roads are in the counties of Kent, Surrey, Sussex, Hamp- 
shire, Middlesex, Berkshire, Buckingham, Hertford, Bedford, and 
Essex. As far as an imperfect and limited knowledge will enable me 
to judge, if not the majority, at least a large proportion of our roads 
are made of gravel or gravel and flint combined. Gravel roads, Jiow- 
ever, have a tendency to become sandy, and in wet weather very heavy. 

Flint belongs to the chalk strata, and is the best material for 
roads, as it will stand rain much better than gravel alone. Purely 
chalk-flint roads chiefly occur in Hampshire, Wilts, Dorset, and Berk- 
shire, and are to be found amongst the gravel in the south-easLern 
counties. Flint roads are the best for wet weather. 

Limestone, or, more correctly speaking, mountain limestone, is 
principally confined to the hilly counties of Derby, York, Lancashire, 
Westmoreland. Cumberland, and Durham : but matches of it are also 
irregularly scattered about in all parts of the country. Limestone 
gives a good hard surface, but somewhat uneven, and, in wet weather, 
is liable rather to be greasy than merely soft or heavy, but is never 
dangerously so, like oolite ; limestone roads when dry are generally 
white and dusty, the dust being very fine and powdery. 

The term macadam was originally applied to a system of road- 
making invented by John Loudon Macadam. It was more especially 
intended for roads with heavy traffic, and the peculiarity of its con- 
struction was a surface covering of eight or ten inches of hard stone, 



INTRODUCTION. ix 

preferably granite, broken small (not exceeding 6 oz. in weight), and 
well rolled or beaten in so as to present a fairly smooth and hard 
appearance. Though such, no doubt, is the correct meaning attached 
to the word, yet it is often applied to roads that have no granite at all 
in them, and it is entirely a popular error or misconception to imagine 
that all macadam roads are always made with granite. Thus tho 
macadam roads in the environs of London are, I believe, made with 
a variety of grit-stone from North Wales. The roads in most of the 
large towns (where not paved) and in some few isolated districts are 
macadamised, but the proportion is small. Some 60 years ago the 
public mind was exercised by the question of the superiority of the 
rival road-making methods of Macadam and Telford (the great road 
engineer who effected many improvements in the Holyhead road). 
Telford's plan was to lay a foundation of large stones, with binding of 
gravel, or else a bed of rough concrete, and this is generally preferred. 
Oolite, frequently, but wrongly, I think, called a variety of moun- 
tain limestone, is the worst kind of material for roads from a bicyclist's 
point of view. Happily the oolite district is not a large bne, being 
almost entirely limited to the high grounds formed by the Cotswold 
Hills in West Oxfordshire, North Wilts, and Q-loucestershire, and by 
the Mendip Hills in North Somersetshire. Here the roads will present 
anything but an inviting surface to the bicyclist, should he happen to 
traverse them in wet weather. The stone in appearance is something 
like granite, and in dry weather makes a hard and tolerably good 
surface, but when wet it is almost impossible to ride upon it with 
safety ; the rain softens the material, and the traffic helps to convert 
it into a kind of greasy clay, very rutty and dangerously slippery. 
As many of these roads consist of one beaten track for vehicular 
traffic, the bicyclist has to choose between riding in the wheel-ruts or 
on the horse-hoof track, which, of course, on any kind of ground 
would require careful steering ; when, however, he has to pass some 
vehicle in front or avoid another meeting him the danger of a fall is 
at once highly intensified ; and it is only by the greatest dexterity 
that the wheel can be safely turned out of the rut. Portland stone 
and Purbeck stone are varieties of oolite. 



X INTRODUCTION. 

Sandstone as a rule makes a good hard road, fairly smooth, and 
somewhat resembling gravel, to which it is in some respects superior, 
especially as rain has less efTect on it. It is met with in various 
districts, such as "West Sussex, East Hampshire, parts of York- 
shire, &c. 

Sandy roads are usually met with in a flat country where stone is 
scarce ; but very often gravel roads have a tendency to be sandy, 
instances of which are the Epsom road after Derby-day and parts of 
the Bath road. 

In addition to the main roads, there are cross roads, bye-roads, 
and lanes, covering the country like a net-work, and at least five or six 
times as numerous as the main roads ; to follow them one should have 
the 1 -inch Ordnance Suiwey map, but it must not be taken for granted 
that all the bye-roads thereon displayed are really rideable, although 
many of them are as good as the main roads ; on the other hand the 
greater portion are impracticable for bicycling, being merely used for 
agricultural purposes, and many are rough cart and horse tracks, or 
green lanes. 

Of course it cannot be expected that roads always keep good and 
smooth, and it is not intended that the description of the surface of the 
roads should be taken as being the same all the year round. The 
state and condition of roads depend upon the time of the year, the 
weather, and the amount of traffic, not to mention the care bestowed 
in repairs. We have no really distinct and fixed rainy season ; rain, 
snow, and frost, &c., are uncertain in their coming, and temporary in 
their effects ; it would, therefore, be a work of supererogation to take 
note of them. Doubtless there are some roads that will stand almost 
any amount of rain, and are always hard and firm, or at least dry up 
hard and firm in a very short tinie after rain ; but only a long 
experience of such roads, and that under rather trying circumstances, 
could enable anyone to speak of them with certainty. What is 
attempted to be described in the following pages is the ordinary state 
of the surface of the roads in fine weather, except only, that with 
regard to extremes of weather, in some instances the roads are 
•^escribed under both aspects. 



INTRODUCTION. XI 



MAPS. 



This is an important subject for cyclists, as few start on a tour without 
a map of some kind, to give an idea of the country one is travelling 
through. From time to time queries appear in the bicycling papers 
asking which is the best map for bicycling. 

For this purpose maps may be divided into two classes, sectional 
maps or county maps. Of the two it is generally admitted by those 
who have had experience that sectional maps are preferable. The 
chief objections to county maps are : — (1) the great number required 
for any ordinary tour (46 maps for England and Wales) ; (2) the 
difference of scale, scarcely two together being alike; (3) irregularity 
of their relative positions ; (4) the awkwardness, if not difficulty, in 
tracing lines of road from one county to another, owing to inexactness 
of finish, and want of proper coincidence in the boundaries, which 
ought to fit into each other accurately. Then agaiD, county maps 
seldom show the hills well, some indeed not at all. 

The best sectional map, of course, is the Government Ordnance 
Survey of the British Isles, of which there are several scales ; of these 
the smallest, Im. to the inch, is the only one that I need refer to as 
being at all likely to be useful to bicyclists. The survey was 
commenced early in the present century, and though some parts of it 
are rather old — 50 years or more — it is the basis of every other map 
published. For England and "Wales the 1-in. scale map contains 110 
sheets, each about 24in. by 35in. at 2s. 6d. per sheet ; but for nearly 
all the country north of the Thames valley the map is also divided 
into quarter size sections at Is. and Is. Qd. each. 

Doubtless many of my readers are familiar with its main features, 
but there are also many who are not. First of all the hills and 
elevations are shown by shaded lines, varying according to the height 
and steepness of the declivity ; where the shading is engraved lightly 
and faintly, the undulations are only of a moderate character, and 
have nothing very high or steep ; but where the shaded lines are dark 
and sharply defined they indicate that the slope is very high and steep 
— in fact, more or less precipitous — and consequently the roads on that 



Xll INTRODUCTION. 

gradient are proportionately dangerous. This, however, though on the 
whole giving one a good idea of the contour of the country, is not 
absolutely to be depended upon, as there are many dangerous hills as 
to which the shading affords no sufficient warning. 

Next, every main road, bye-road, and lane is distinctly given, tlie 
main roads of coui'se being the widest, and a very short study of them 
will enable anyone to distinguish them ; fiu-ther, a different kiiid of 
engraving is employed for all roads where they cross commons and 
heaths, the lines then being dotted aud not continuous ; tliere is, 
however, no distinction between ordinary carriage roads and merely 
occupation roads or green lanes. 

In most instances the distances are marked on the main roads 
mile by mile, and in many places also the elevations are given in feet, 
both affording information most useful to bicyclists. 

Then again, every town, village, hamlet, park, wood, and most 
residences and farms are noted, and numerous other objects are detailed, 
so that altogether the Ordnance Survey is quite an interesting study. 

For practical use, bicyclists will find this map too cumbersome 
and costly for long distances ; what is wanted is a map of small bulk, 
so as to be handy for the pocket, and of which several sections can be 
carried about one without the feeling that their room would be bettor 
than their company. For this reason, therefore, the 1-in. Ordnnnce is 
more suited for reference at home, or for the district in one's imme- 
diate neighbourhood, and for byc-iuads. 

Within the last few years a re-survey has been commenced, with 
the result of a gi^eat improvement on the original one, but it is not yet 
completed. It is divided into smaller sections (lo^in. by 11 Jin.) and 
will contain 360 sheets at Is. each. The only drawback from a bicy- 
clist's point of view in this new Ordnance Map is that the hill shading 
is entirely left out, lines of contoui' elevation being given instead ; but 
the result is a poor exchange I should not omit to mention that a 
small facsimile edition of above, reproduced by photography (on tlio 
suggestion of Mr. E. S. Gaisford, of the Temple B. C), has been 
published on a ^-in. scale at Qd. a sheet ; but I hardly think the small 
printing will find favour with bicyclists. 



IXTRODTJCTION. XIU 

The above prices do not include mounting or folding. 

Besides the Ordnance Survey there are several smaller sectional 
maps. The first series is on a scale of 2m. to the inch, commonly, but 
not correctly, called the Pveduced Ordnance ; it is really older than the 
Ordnance, but has been corrected from it; there are 65 (or 60) sheets 
for EDgland, Wales, and South Scotland, 20in. by24in. each at \s. 6d. 
Another series is on the scale of 4m. to the inch, being reduced from 
the li?i. Ordnance Survey; it consists of 14 sheets for England and 
Wales, about 25in. by 19in. {i.e. 100m. by 80//^.) at 2s. 6d. This scale 
I would recommend as the most suitable map for tourists, showing 
not only main roads but bye-roads. 



CYCLISTS' TOURING CLUB. 

TnE history of this Association, originally called the "Bicycle 
Touring Club," has been one of remarkable progress; and, being 
formed solely for the benefit of Cycling Tourists, it is one worthy 
of continued t^upport of all cyclists. Its object, or at least its main 
object, is to form a medium of mutual assistance for tourists, by 
giving each other information as to roads, hotels, sights, and other 
matters of common interest in the pastime. To carry out this, a 
system of local officers, called consuls, has been established in all the 
chief towns, and from them the desired information can always be 
obtained by the members. 

Thus, to the combined energy of a corporate body is added an 
inherent vitality, essentially the outcome of the individual efforts of 
an army of enthusiasts. Under skilful guidance such an association 
ought never to look back ; properly directed, its organization and 
influence are capable of becoming a power in the land, and an ever 
extending, never ceasing sphere of usefulness lies before it. Already 
it has done good work in assimilating hotel tariffs, and bringing 
them down to a figure suited to the pockets of cyclists, while we 
also owe to them a reduction in, and an almost uniform scale of the 
charges for carriage of bicycles by railway. 



COEEIGENDA TO FIFTH EDITION. 



The mileage of the English Southern and Midland Eoads has been thoroughly 
revised in the Author's " Handy Route Book of England and Wales," Parts I. and 
II. ; but with a few exceptions it has been impossible to incorporate such revision— 
in minute detail — in this work, on account of the cost it would involve. The 
following notes will, however, enable the reader to easily apply the chief alterations 
in the revised mileage of the Southern part of the " Handy Route Book" to the 
figures in this Road Book ; in Middle England the alterations are too numerous to 
specify. The italics show actual alterations. 

Page 5, line 20, to be read " Whitstable, 55 K." 
„ 6, „ 12, „ " Li ttlebourne to Deal (151^—7^1:;:)." 

,, G, „ 14, „ " Upper Deal, 70 1<." 

„ 6, „ 16, „ "Upper Deal, 75, to Deal, 73.]" 

., 13, line 18, to be read " Pembury G-reen to Groudhurst (7}{ — 42i^)." After 
Goudhurst mileage to be decreased by %m., and also in next route. 
,, 14, lines 1 to 8, Decrease mileage by j4in. 

15, ,, 1 to 15, see Route Book, pp. 21 and 149. 

16, ,, 1 to 13, see Route Book, p. 24. Route to Rye, see p. 22. 

17, Routes to Rye and Hastings, see pp. 22-3. 
17, 18, Route to Eastbourne and Pevensey, see pp. 25-6. 

19, see p. 27. 

20, line 28, to be read " Croydon to Caterham Junction (2% — 12i^)." 

20, „ 31, „ "Purley House 11%." 
20-23, above alteration necessitates increase of mileage by }{m. in this 

and the Seaford and the first Brighton routes. 

21, line 23, to be read " Wych Cross to Maresfield (6— 40K)." 
21, „ 32-3, „ " Duddleswell Gate, 37^." 
21, „ 34, „ "Maresfield, 4? X." 

21, ,, 37, „ "Maresfield to Eastbourne (211—65)." 

22, „ 4 to 10, see p. 31. 

24, ,, 5, to be read "London to Caterham Junction (1254^)." 

24, „ 8, „ "Red Lion, 13^." 

21, ,, 6, „ " Mcrstham (5f— IS)." 

24, ,, 14, „ " Merstham to Redhill, o)' Warwick 'Town {2}^ — 

20%)r 

24, „ 21, „ ''Redhill to Horley7?o?o,(^— 2414:)." In rest of 

page mileage to be increased by ^^m. 
26 is revised. 
20, 30, Between West Grinstcad and Worthing the mileage is revised, 

see p. 39. 
31, Mileage to Five Oaks'Grccn on previous page being increased by lim., 

requires rest of route to Littlehampton to be also increased. 



V 

J) 






COllRIGENDA. XV 

Page 33-4, Mileage altered between Guildford and Milford, and rest of route 
requires to be increased by Im. ; also other alterations, see pp. 44-5. 
,, 34-7, Next four routes, mileage to be increased by Im. 
., 39, 42-5, Between Alton and Alresford mileage to be increased by %m., 
whicli requires rest of route to be increased as well as mileage of 
the routes from Christchurch to Cadnam. 
42, For Gosport, Botley, and Bishop's Waltham routes, see pp. 52-5. 
53, line 9, to be read " Brockenhurst, S/j^." 

58, " Lobcombe," alter to " Lobscombe." Mileage slightly varied. 
63, Route re-arranged after Torquay, see pp. 88-9. 
73, Langportto Taunton revised, see p. 105. 
75, Redlinch to Castle Gary revised, see pp. 108-9. 
87-9, Bath road revised, see vol. ii. 

94, Both Pleading routes revised, see pp. 133-5. 

95, Piadstock and Bath roads revised, see pp. 136-8. 
Ill, line 6, Abergavenny to Crickhowell, ''very good road." 
Ill, „ 13, to be read '* Llanham/^ <?/;," also in line 18. 
Ill, ,, 14, Crickhowell to Brecon, " 5^^Z^/ifZwZ road." 
162, „ 1, to be read " Lindale." 
175, „ 12; ,, "Lindale," and in lines 13 and 18. 



Page 11, 


line 3 


„ 11, 


„ 4 


„ 11, 


„ s 


, 14, 


„ 1 


„ 14, 


„ 5 


,, 14 


n 9 


„ 14 


„ 38 


, 25 


„ 25 


„ 25. 


„ 29 



EEIiATA. 

••• (9—55) " sliould he " (7|— 55)." 

'^ Goford Green Tg. " slwuld he ' Golford Tg^ 

" (14^—69) " sliould he ' (14—09)." 

" (2i— 54f ) " sliould he " (3— 54f )." 

" Goford Green Tg. " should he " Golford Tg^ 

" (131— 68^)" should he " (14— 68f )." 

" (6— 56f ) " should he " (6— 56^)." 

" (3|— 221) " should he " (3|— 290-" 

" (4|— 23i) " should he " (4|— 33|-)." 




ESTABLISHED 1859. 



By Special Appointment to H.R.H. the Prince of Wale; 



SOLE MAKERS OF THE 



U 



CLUB" 
BICYCLES & 
TRICYCLES. 





The "SWIFT SAFETY.' 



The "MARLBORO' CLUB" TRICYCLE. 



Head Office and Works: COVENTRY. 

LONDON : 15 & 16, Holborn Viaduct. 
MANCHESTER: 9, Victoria Buildings. 

BIRMINGHAM, NEWCASTLE, etc. 

///usf rated Catalogue, etc., etc., Post Free. 



'a\rtyr^A/%^ 






DIRECT ROADS, 



m.— Miles. 
I. — Left, 
r.— Eight, 
T;?.— Turnpike. 



ABBREVIATTONS. 

T;;.— Tollgate. J/.P.— Market Place. 

cA.— Church. P.O.— Post Office. 
.3/.//.— Market House. 3/*.— Milestone. 

llo. — House. 

THE FOLLOWIlfG EELATB TO HOTELS ONLY :— 



i?.— River. 



S^n«.— Headquarters of a local Bicycle Club. 

C.l.C. or i.2'.C.— Hotel has adooted "Cyclists' Touring Club" Tariff. 

NoTB. — The first of the two numbers within brackets denotes the mileage between the two 
places ; the second number, gives the full distance from the starting point of the route to 
the place last named. A single number after the name of a place denotes its distance from 
the starting point. 



SECTION I. 



From London Bridge* ; South Eastern Roads 
(Kent and East Sussex). 



LONDON TO MARGATE AND BROADSTAIRS. 

London Bridge (Surrey Side) to New Cross (3f); beginning 
■with a short descent from the bridge, after which it is level, the road is 
roughly paved along Borough High street, turning to the I. at St. George's 
cLj^m., where tramway begins and continues the whole distance along 
Great Dover street to Old Kent load (Bricklayers' Arms, 1), and thence 
along Old Kent road, with a canal bridge to go over at 2ni., and beyond 
New Cross Gate, 3j, a railway bridge ; all paved heavy traffic, and road 
generally bad and unfit for bicycling. 

New Cross to Blackheath (1^ — 5); the tramway with macadam 
continues through New Cross and Deptford, 4^, which is a busy paved 
thoroughfare, to the bottom of Blackheath Hill, a very steep ascent for the 
last 250 yards, again macadam, and dangerous to ride down the reverse 
direction without a good brake, there being a bend towards the bottom. 

Blackheath to Shooters Hill (3 — 8) ; having mounted the hill, it 
is a gentle undulating macadam road across Blackheath for about a mile, 

* The roads on this Section are accessible from the other bridges, via the " Bricklayers* 
Arms," which is distant from them as follows : — From Southwark bridge, \\ m. nearly ; from 
Blackfriars bridge, 1| m. nearly ; from Waterloo bridge, 1| m. nearly; from Westminster bridge. 
If m. nearly ; all meeting at the *' Elephant and Castle, " whence along the New Kent road to 
the "Bricklayers' Arms" is f wi. Also, from Vauxhall bridge by Kennington Oval, pa5:c 
Kenniiigton ch., along Camberwell New road, through Camberwell Green, and along Church 
street, Peckham High street, and Queen's road, to New Cross Gate, 4 m. ; this is the best route 
from the West End, and has not so much trafi&c. Tramways are laid on all these roads, other* 
wise they are macadam, except Blackfriars road which is all paved. 



2 

and then soon improves to a more gravelly surface, generally good going, 
and is eithei level or slightly on the rise to the foot of Shooters Hill. 
At Shooters Hill, on r., Severndroog Castle. 

Shooters Hill to Crayford (5 — 13) ; the steep and generally heavy 
ascent of Shooters Hill is followed by a corresponding fall down the opposite 
side, and it is not safe to ride down either descent without a reliable brake, 
the surface being often loose and stony ; from the bottom, the road is very 
good and pretty level through Welling, 10^, and Bexley New Town, 11 1, 
with easy descent into Crayford, through which is macadam. 

(Welling ; Nag's Head. — Crayford : Bear Inn.) 

At Welling, on r., Dansnn Park. 

Crayford to Dartford (2 — 15) ; long rise out of Crayford, and a 
steep descent into Dartford : good hard limestone road. 

(Dartford: Bull; Odd Fellows' Arms; Railway; Eoyal Bull, C.T.C.) 

At Dartford are remains of a magnificent nunnery, erected by Edward III. 

Dartford to Gravesend (7 — 22); out of Dartford is an ascent, steep 
at first, but not long, followed by a level run across the Common, then two 
sharp falls into St. John's Hole, 16^, and Horn's Cross, 17, with corre- 
sponding rises after; a little beyond the latter place occurs a long run 
down, but not steep (at the bottom of which, \m. on Z., is (h'eenluthe, 18^), 
then follow a rather stiff ascent and another long run down — Galley 
Hill — and shortly after the steep and lumpy macadam ascent of North- 
fleet Hill has to be climbed to Northfleet, 20^, and the rest is nearly 
level into Gravesend : good hard limestone road, tolerably smooth, to the 
bottom of Northfleet Hill, then rough macadam. At Gravesend, bells are 
compulsory. 

[If not calling at Gravesend, the bicyclist will find a better road by 
turning to r. at the end oi Northfleet (past Leather Bottle), avoiding nearly 
ill! the macadam and rejoining the main road f m. beyond Gravesend : there 
IS one hill to go up and down, but good and smooth surface.] 

(Oreenhithe : Pier; Railway, C.T.C ; White Hart. — Gravesend: New Falcon; 
Old F&\con.—Ro8herville : Terrace, B.T.C.) 

At the top of the hill past Greenhithe, on /., Ingress Park. Gravesend is the 
limit of the Port of London ; opposite, across the River Thames, is Tilbury Fort. 

G-ravesend to Rochester ch, (7 — 29) ; rather lumpy macadam for a 
mile or so till clear of Gravesend, then very undulating through Chalk, 23^, 
and past Halfway House, 25^, to the Falstaff Inn, at Gad's Hill, 26^, up to 
which there is a long stiff pull ; then a steep fall, moderate rise, and the 
long steep descent of Coach and Horses Hill, 27^, should be carefully ridden 
down, there being a turn in it, to Strood, 28^, whence cross R. Med way 
bridge to Rochester : good hard road. Bells compulsory in E-ochester. 

{Gad's Hill: Falstaff Inn. — Strood: Bull; Crown; Victoria Tavern. — 
Rochester: Bull; Crown; King's Head, B.T.C; Red Lion; Royal Crown j 
Victoria.) 

At Gad*8 Hill was the residence of the late Charles Dickens, the celebrated 
novelist ; 2m. or r., on the line of the Roman Road, Watling Street, is Cobham 
Hall, the seat of Earl Darnley. At Rochester, the Cathedral and remains of the 
Castle ; beyond Rochester, on v.. Fort Pitt and Fort Clarence. 

Rochester to Key Street (9 — 38) ; rough macadam through the 
naJTOw niain streets of Rochester and Chatham, 30, which form almost one 
continuous town ; [instead of going through the main street of Chatliam, 



I> 



there is a better rouDe, of about the same distance, by turning to the r. up 
the hill by the theatre in Rochester {^m. beyond the ch.), leaving Chatham 
on the I., and rejoining the main road near the railway, on the outskirts of 
that town at 30f] ; then there is the very steep ascent of Chatham Hill, 
which most riders will walk, and from the top of which the road is good 
and undulating past Star Inn, 32, and through Rainham, 34, Moor Street^ 
34|, and Newington Street, 36|-, three of the hills being very stiff. 

(Chatham: Globe, flgrs. ; Mitre and Clarence, CT-C; While Horse. — Key 
Street : Key.) 

At Chatham are the extensive Government dockyards, naval arsenal, victualling 
office, hospitals, &c. ; beyond, on i., Brompton and Gillingham F'orts, and across 
River Medway, Upnor Castle, which is best reached from Strood. 

Key Street to Ospringe (8 — 46), is a good smooth road, undulating 
through Chalkwell, 39, to Sittingbourne, 40, where there is a very steep 
ascent, and then hilly through Bapchild, 41:^, and Green Street, 43, after 
which is a hill nearly 2m. long, and down again into Ospringe. 

At Ospringe, on I. to Faversham (1 — 47). 

{Sitiinghourne : Bull, Hgr«. ; Commercial; Lion; Shakespeare. — Faversham. 
Dolphin; Railway, rec. O.T.C.', Ship, Hqrs.) 

At Sittingbourne, on r.. Gore Court ; beyond Green Street, on r., Norton 
Court. At Ospringe, on r., Jud's Hill, Belmont, and Syndale Ho. At Sitting, 
bourne, on I., the village of Milton, famous for its oysters. At Faversham, remains 
of the Abbey. 

Ospringe to Canterbury, King's Bridge (9^—551); good, but hilly 
road through Preston, 461, to Boughton Street, 49^, beyond which there is 
the rather long and very steep ascent of Boughton Hill, 50^, barely ride- 
able; then a good undulating road wath a stiff pull up to Harbledown 
Tp., 52|, whence there is a splendid run, mostly down hill, to beyond 
Harbledown, 54:^, with a level finish into Canterbury. 

(Canterbury: Crampton' s ; Falstaflf, B.T.C. ; FleurdeLis; Fountain ; George 
and Dragon ; Rose; Royal Fountain ; Saracen's Head, Hgrs. ; Station.) 

Before Boughton, on I., Nash Court. Canterbury has many interesting 
objects of antiquity; the magnificent Cathedral was begun in il74, but noT 
finished till the reign of Henry V. ; St. Martin's ch., the oldest Christian edifice 
in England, built with Roman bricks, and supposed to have been first erected 
in the second century ; ruins of St. Augustine's monastery, remains of the Castle 
and city walls, Dane John Mound, Ac. 

Canterbury to Sturry (2^—67-^) ; in Canterbury, shortly aftei 
crossing the second bridge over B. Stour, turn sharp to Z. up Guildhall St. 
nearly opposite the P.O., and after getting clear of the streets it is a good 
hard road, fairly level, to Sturry, where is a level railway crossing. 
Beyond Canterbury, on L, Hales Place, the Jesuit College. 
Sturry to Sarre (6— 63f ) ; keeping to the r. after the railway, just 
out of Sturry is the stiff ascent of Staines Hill, then it is a good hard road, 
fairly level, through Upstreet, 61 j. 

Sarre to Margate, High Street (7f— 7H) ; at Sarre take the left hand 
branch at the fork; through Birchington, 67i, amd Street, 69^, the road is 
level except a few gentle undulations, and at first good, but gradually 
degenerates and becomes bad and loose approaching Margate. The country 
is very open and the road much exposed to the winds and 3ea breeset*. 



(Margate: Cliftonrille ; Elephant; Fountain; Hoy; King's fiead, C.T.C.i 
Royal Assembly Rooms ; Severn House; White Hart; York.) 

At Birchington, on r., Quex Park ; l^m. further on, on I., Westgate-by-Sea. 
Margate is a favourite seaside resort, particularly noted for its excellent bathing. 

Margate to Broadstairs (3| — 75; turn to the r. in Margate, and 
by Draper's Hospital, 72j, and through St. Peter's, 73f , is a good undu- 
lating road. 

{Broadstairs : Albion; Balmoral, C.T.C.; Victoria.) 

Broadstairs is a small, quiet watering place; l|m. N. is the promontory of 
North Foreland, with its lighthouse; it can be reached from Margate through 
"North Down, 1^, and Kingsgate, 2|, to North Foreland, 3 7. From Kiugsgate 
to Broadstairs, 2m, 

LONDON TO EAMSGATE. 

London to Sarre (63f)— p. 3. 

Sarre to Ramsgate (7| — 71|) ; at Sarre keep to the r., and it is a 
capital undulating road through Monkton, 6-l|, by Mount Pleasant, 66|, 
Minster Mills, 671-, and Nether Court, 70|-, and through St. Lawrence, 70| : 
Ramsgate is mostly macadam. 

(Ramsgate : Castle; Crampton ; George and Dragon; Granville; Oak; 
Royal; Royal Albion; Spread Eagle, Hgrs. ; Temperance; Wellington.) 

At Mount Pleasant are some splendid views ; Im. on r. is the old picturesque 
village of Minster, with abbey and ch., and in the neighbourhood are several 
ancient ruins. Ramsgate is a large watering place and seaport, its sands 
excelling those of Margate in extent. 

Ramsgate to Broadstairs (2 — 73^). 

LONDON TO ERITH. 

London to K"ew Cross (3f)— p. 1. 

New Cross to Greenwicli (1^ — 5^) ; the traniTvay and macadam 
continue all the way ; at Deptford, 4|-, take the left hand road. 

{Greemvich : Gloucester.) 

At Greenwich, on L, the Royal Seamen's Hospital; on r. the Park and 
Observatory. 

Greenwich to Woolwicli (3| — 8^) is all macadam. 

[There is another road to "Woolwich through Blachheath, 5 — p. 1 ; on 
the top of the hill take the left hand road by Myrtle Place, 6, through 
Charlton, 7i, and past the Artillery Barracks and over Woolwich Common 
to Woolivich, 9| : pretty good road but partly macadam. 

Or to Shooters Hill, 8— p. 1 ; then turn to l, and it is a good road 
mostly on the fall to Woolivich, 9f .] 

At Woolwich is a Government dockyard and the Royal Arsenal. At Charlton, 
on r., Charlton Ho. 

{Woolwich : King's Arms, C.T.C.) 

Woolwich to Erith (5^14); through Plumstead, 9|, and over 
Bostal Heath, 10^. 

Beyond Bostal Heath, a little on I,, Lesnes Abbey; Iw. before Erith, on Z., 
Belvedere ffj. 



LONDON TO SHEERNESS. 

London to Key Street (38)— p. 2. 

Key Street to Sheerness (10^ — 48|) ; turn to the I. and througn" 
Bobbins^, 38|, Bobbing Street, 39f, and Iwade, 41, a mile beyond -which 
cross West Swale to Isle of Sheppej, and through King's Ferry, 42f, Neats- 
court, 44f , (further on keep to ?*.) and by Halfway House, 46, (keep to I.) 
and Mile House, 47^. 

Beyond Neatscourt on I. to Queenborough (1 — 45f). 

(Queenhorough : Ship. — Sheerness: Fountain; Royal.) 

At Sheerness are a royal dockyard, arsenal, and fortress, &o. 

LONDON TO HERNE BAY. 

London to Slurry (57|)— p. 8. 

Sturry to Herne Bay (6 — 63f) ; after the railway crossing keep 
straight on (left hand road) and there is a long steep hill to climb (must be 
carefully ridden dow7i the other way), shortly followed by a good run down 
and another stiffer but shorter rise up to Halfway House, 59^, and the rest 
undulating with a long run down from Herne Common, 60f , to Herne, 61| : 
capital surface. 

[Or to Faversliam, 47 — p. 3, then through Goodnestone, 49|^, and Grave- 
ney, 50f , to Whitstable, 55, but not much more than a cart and horse track, 
and thence through Church Street, 56f , and Swalecliffe to Heme Bay, 61f , 
is nearly level and generally fairly good gravel road, a little loose in parts. 

Or to St. Dunstan's ck. {^m. before Canterbury) 65 — p. 3, and then 
turn to I. ; steep loose ascent of Hackington Hill to walk up (unrideable 
cloiun except with reliable brake), then two or three sharp ups and downs 
by Blean, 67, Honey Hill, 67|, and Preen Hill, 68|, shortly followed by 
Clapham Hill to walk up, steep, loose, and stony, and a very steep but 
bhort pitch to walk down Bostal Hill to Whitstable, 61.] 

{Whitstable: Bear and Key; Duke of Cumberland, B.T.C. — Herne Bay: 
Brunswick; New Dolphin, B.r.C. ; Victoria; Station.) 

Whitstable is noted for its oyscer fisheries ; near it is Tankerton Castle. 
Herne Bay is much resorted to in sammer for sea bathing. Xearly hm. E. are the 
Reculvers towers, the site of the iioman Eegulbium, and afterwards a royal resi- 
dence of the Saxons ; part of thy ch. has been swept away by encroachments of 
the sea. 

LONDON TO SANDWICH. 

London to Canterbury, King's Bridge (66:^) — p. 3. 

Canterbury to Littlebourne (3^ — 68|) is a good road; follow the 
Dover road till nearly out of Canterbury, then turn to the I. up Lower 
Bridge Street ; St. Martin's Hill to ride up out of the city, then nearly a 
mile run down, followed, after a rise, by level road to near Littlebourne, 
into which is a good descent. 

Littlebourne to Ash (5^ — 641) ; undulating road through Bramling, 
60, to Wingham, 61f, (turn to I.) out of which (keeping to r.) is a steep 
short hill to climb, generally rough, then a stiff descent, followed by a long 
incline, and a long gradual fall into Ash. 

Past Littlebourne, on r., Lee Priory. Past Bramling, a little on r., Dane Court 



6 

Ash to Sandwich (3^ — 67|) is an easy road, ehorfc descent at Im. 
out ot Ash, then level acrosb the marshes ; through Sandwich is paved and 
bad riding. 

(Sandu-ich: Bell, C.T.C.; Fleur de Lis.) 

About Im. on I., before Sandwich, the remains of Richborough Castle, the 
ancient Rutupiae, one of the earliest Roman works in England ; near it are remains 
of a Roman amphitheatre. Nearly Im. N. of Sandwich, on Ramsgate road, is 
Great Stonar, now a farm-house, the site of a considerable town in Norman times. 
Sandwich is nearly enclosed by the old walls ; it has two ancient churches. 

LONDON TO DEAL. 

London to Littlebourne (58|)— p. 5. 

Littlebourne to Deal (13^—72^) ; undulatine^ to Bramling, 60, 
where k<^ep to r., and through Knowlton, 64^, over How Bridge, 68f, 
through Oottington, 69, Sholden, 70, and Upper Deal, 71. 

[Or to Sandivich, 67^ — p. 6, then through Worth, 68f, Hacklinge, 69|, 
Cottington, 70|, Sholden, 71|, and Upper Deal, 72|, to Deal, 74|.] 

{Deal : Black Horse, C.T.C.; Crown Inn, Hqrs.; Royal; Royal Exchange.) 

Past Bramling, on r., Dane Couit and Goodnestone Park. At Knowlton, on 
r., Knowlton Park. Deal Castle ; Im. on N. Sandown Castle, built by Henry Vlll. ; 
Im. on S. is Walmer Castle. 

LONDON TO DOVER. 

London to Canterbury, King's Bridge (55|) — p. 3. 

Canterbury to Bridge (3^ — 58|) ; continuing straight through 
Canterbury, there is a long rise out of the sity, and then undulating with 
I short steep fall into Bridge. 

Before Bridge, on r., Heiiwell and Bridge Hill Ho. ; on I. Bifrons. 

Bridge to Lydden (7| — 66^) ; out of Bridge there is a stiff hill to 
mount, then over Barham Downs the road cons^ists of a series of little hills 
ap and down to Halfway House, 63^, after which it is level for more than 
2m., with the long but not steep descent of Lydden Hill into Lydden ; 
splendid smooth and hard road, except on Lydden Hill. 

Past Bridge, on r., Bourne Ho.; on I., Higham ; about 3m. farther, on r., 
Barham Court and Barham Place; on L, Den Hill. Near Halfway House, on r.. 
Broom Park. A.bout 3m. on I. is Barfreston ch., an ancient and interesting structure. 

Lydden to Dover (4| — 71) ; good road, undulating to Ewell, 68, and 
thence gently downhill through Buckland, 69|, and Charlton, 70:|-; good 
road, but last l|m. macadam streets. 

(Dover; Dover Castle; Esplanade, ff^rs.; Harp ; Shakespeare ; Temperance*, 
Victoria; Royal Oak, C.T.C.) 

Dover lies in a valley, and eastward of it on a hill is the castle, an extensive 
Fortification, part of it supposed to have been built by the Romans. St. Mary's 
ch. and St. James's :h. ; .Maison Dieu ; Dover Priory. About ^vi. S.W. is :::hake- 
speare's Cliff, which of lace years has been much undermined by the waves; 2^m. 
W. the ruins of St. RadJf^und's monastery (or Branside Abbey), founded at the 
end of the twelfth century. 

LONDON TO CRAYFORD (by Eltham). 

London to New Cross (3|) — p. 1. 

New Cross to Lewisham, Bridge (1| — 5); take the right hand fork 



by the "Marquis of Granby;'* rough macadam road, with two sharp dipa 
to cross. 

Lewisham to Eltham (3 — 8) ; a short distance after crossing the 
E. Ravensbourne keep to the I., and through Lee, of, and past the 
*' Tiger's Head," 6^, the road is macadam all the way, and very bad and 
shaky ; there is a long and stiff ascent to Eltham. 

At Elfeham, on r., Elthaaa Place ; near it the remains of the old royal palace 
erected in the thirteenth century, and now used as a barn. 

Eltham to Bexley (5 — 13) is undulating, but inclined to be loose 
and sandy to Blendon, 11^, whence it is hilly with good surface to Bexley. 
(Bexley : Bexley Arms.) 
Past Eltham, on i., Eltham Park. At Blendon, on r., Bleadon Hall. 

Bexley to Crayford (1^ — 14^) is a good road, almost level. 

LONDON TO FOLKESTONE. 

London to Eltham (8) — above. 

Eltham to Foots Cray (4| — 12|); by the right hand road afc the 
end of Eltham, then through Southend, 9, and Sidcup, 11^, is rather hilly, 
and there is a good downhill from Sidcup ; pretty good surface. 

(Sidcup : Black Horse.) 

Before Sidcup, a little on I., Lambabbey ; further on, Foot's Cray Place. 

Poots Cray to Farningham (5 J — 17^) ; there is a stiff ascent a 
short distance beyond Foots Cray, then undulating past Birchwood Cormer, 
14, to Pedham Place, 16^, whence there is a long descent into Farningham, 
the first r^rt of which is safely rideable, but towards the bottom it becomes 
steeper and ends in the narrow winding street of the village, that must be 
ridden down very carefully if without a brake ; very often, and especially 
in dry weather, the greater part of this stage is loose or sandy. 

{^Farningham t Bail; LioD,r^^. C.T.C.^ 

Farningham to Wrotham ^6^— 24) ; stiff ascent out of the Dareni 
valley, followed after a short interval by two still more difficult rises, the 
surface of which is often loose and stony ; the top of the hill is reached 
some 2lm. out of Farningham, whence it is a good and gently undulating 
road past "The Cock," 20f, Portobello, 21, and the "Horse and Groom." 
22^ ; shortly beyond here commences a long and very steep fall of over a 
mile into Wrotham, which having several turns in it, and being often loose 
and stony, requires careful riding, and should not be descended without a 
reliable break. 

(Wrotham Hill : Horse and Groom. — Wrotham: Bull, r^c. C.T.C) 

Wrotham to Wrotham Heath (Royal Oak, 2^ — 26^) is a good 
undulating road, chiefly downhill. 

Wrotham Heath to Maidstone (Train's Cross, 8| — 34i) ; past th-3 
" Wheatsheaf ," 28^, and through Larkfield, 30, and Ditton, 30f, is up and 
down hill, but nothing difficult ; after the first mile or so the surfaro 
becomes rough and lumpy, being made of a kind of limestone, which ■.< 
greasy when wet, and is rather bad tra veiling; long run down into Maid- 
stone, ending with a steep and rough descent to the bridge over the TL 



8 

Medway at the entrance of the town : thence a rise up High Street to 
Eain's Cross. 

{Maidstone : Bell, C. T. C. ; Mitre ; Haunch of Venison ; Queen's Head j 
Eailway ; Kose and Crown ; Eoyal Star, Hgrs. ; Ye Ancient Bell, Ilqrs.') 

At " Wheatsheaf ," on I., Leybourne Place; further on, \m. ou ?•., at West 
Mailing, the abbey and ruins of Benedictine convent ; West Mailing ch. At 
Larkfield, on r., Bradbourne Ho. ; Im. past Ditton, on I., Preston Hall, and 
Ajlesford Place, which is built from the remains of a Carmelite Friary. Near 
Aylesford was fought the battle where Vortimer defeated the Saxons in 455. 
About \\m. N.E. is the cromlech known as Kit's Coty House; 2m. before Maid- 
Btone, l?}r. on 7., ruins of Allington Castle, and Im. further, of Boxley Abbey. 
Maidstone is the county town. 

Maidstone to Lenham (9i— 43f) ; keep straight on through Maid- 
stone, and there are two or three sharp ascents in the first mile or so out of 
the town, then the road continues rather hilly, but nothing difficult through 
Bearsted, 36f, Chrishmell Tp., 37|, past Park Gate Inn, 39|, and throuo-h 
West Harrietsham, 41^, beyond which is a long rise with a descent into 
Lenham ; very good road and pretty country. 

(Lenhayn : Dog and Bear, I?. T-C) 

Beyond Maidstone, on I., Vinters ; further on, on r., the Mote. At Park 
Gate Inn, on r., the road skirts, for l^m., the demesne of Leeds Park, with its 
castle, a fine old mansion ; behind it the remains of the abbey. From Harrietsham 
the road runs at the foot of a range of hills, that bound it on the east, most of 
the way to Ashford ; Lenham ch. 

Lenham to Charing (3f — 47^) ; the road continues very good, and 
is easily undulating ; pretty country. 
(Charing: Swan, rec. C.T.C.) 

. Charing to Ashford (5f— 53|) ; in Charing, first to r. and then to I.; 
there is a short ascent atWestwell Common, 49, and then the road continues 
undulating through Wooden Street, 60, over Hothfield Heath, 60|, and 
past Potters Corner, 51|, just beyond which is a sharp run down ; very fair 
surface. 

(Ashford: George, B.T.C.; Royal Oak; Saracen's Head ; Wellesley Arms.) 
At Hothfield Heath, a little on r., Hothfield Park and Codington Park. At 
Ashford is an ancient ch. containing some interesting monuments. 

Ashford to Hythe (12 — 65^); steepish descent out of Ashford, which 
should be taken carefully, then an undulating road through Willesborough, 
54^, Mersham Hatch, 56, Smeeth, 68, and Sellinge, 60, to New Inn Green, 
62f, whence there is a run down of 2m. through Pedlinge, 63f , to Hythe 
Tjp., 64f , and the road twisting somewhat, the slope should be ridden down 
Carefully if without a brake ; good road. 

(Hythe: Swan, I?.r.C. : White Hart.) 

At Sellinge, on L, Horton Priory. At Pedlinge, a little on I., Westonhanger, 
an old manorial residence of the time of Eichard I., and near it Fair Rosamond's 
Tower. At New Inn Green, l^m. on r., Lympne, the Portus Lemanus of the 
Romans, with remains of the castrum, &c,, and also an old castle and ch., and 
near it the magnificent ruins of Stutfall Castle. Im. on I. of Hythe, the ruins of 
Saltwood Castle. On the coast are several forts or martello towers. 

Hythe to Folkestone (4| — 69f ) ; the road runs near the sea, tlirough 
Skorncliff, 67, to Sandgate, 68, ^Tid is n^acadtvm and shiikj' pjost of th© 



way. From Sandgate there are two roads to Folkestone, the lower road (to 
the right) is the better one, with slight undulations running at the base of 
the cliifs into Folkestone Old Town and the Harbour, but there is Is. toll 
to pay on this road ; by the upper road there is a long stiff hill out of the 
village, then level for a mile or so, and a sharp descent into Folkestone, 
entering by the Lees in the upper part of the town. 

[There is another road to Folkestone by following the Dover road to 
Bridge, oS^ — p. 6, and to within ^m. of Halfway House, then turn to the 
r., skirting Broom Park to Denton, 64^, and through Maypole, 665-, across 
Swingfield Minnis or Common, by Donsell, 68J, Hawkinge Mill, 69|-, Uphill, 
69|, Walton Tp., 70f, and Walton, Tli, to Folkestone, 72^, into which is a 
descent of about 3m. long, very steep in parts, and not safe to ride down 
without a reliable brake. 

Or Im. beyond Bridge turn to r., and through Bishopsbourne, 60, 
Kingston, 61, Barham, 62, Dorringstone, 62|-, Elham, 6Gh, Elham Mill, 67|^, 
and Acorise or Acryse, 68f , to Hawkinge Mill, 70f , and Folkestone, 73|.] 

{Sandgate: Royal Kent; Royal Norfolk. — Folkestone: Albion; Bates's; 
Clarendon ; King's Arms ; Pavilion ; Rose ; Shakespeare j West Cliff.) 

On the top of the cliffs at Shorncliff is a large military camp. At Sandgate 
is a castle built by Henry VIII. At Folkestone are remains of a Norman Bene- 
dictine priory, founded 1095. The parish cli. contains some old monuments. 
N.W. of the town, on the Downs, is an ancient entrenchment called " Csesar'a 
Camp." Beyond Maypole, on Swingfield Minnis, Im. on I., ruins of St. John's 
Preceptory. At Elham, 2m. S.W. is Lyminge, the ch. of which was rebuilt circ» 
1080, replacing an early Saxon c7i., and on the site of a Roman basilica, of which 
the foundations have been lately opened. 

LONDON TO MAIDSTONE (by Eochester). 

London to Rochester, Church (29) — p. 2. 

Kochester to Maidstone (8^ — 37^) ; ^. past the clu in Eochester 
turn sharp to the r., and it is a steep ascent out of the town, by Upper 
Dclce, 30^, and through Bridge "Woods and Boxley Wood to the Upper 
Bell, 33^ on Boxley Hill, and then all downhill, the first mile or two very 
steep, thi'ough Sandlin, 36, to Maidstone ; very good road. 

About Im. past Upper Bell, on r., close to road, is the cromlech of Kit's Coty 
House. Before Sandlin, on I., ruins of Boxley Abbey; past Sandlin, on r., across 
River Medway, ruins of Allington Castle. 



LONDON TO NEW ROMNEY. 

London to Maidstone (Eain's Cross, 34|^) — p. 7. 

Maidstone to Headcorn (9^—431) ; at Maidstone turn to r. at the 
cross streets (or if coming from Eochester keep straight on), and after a 
short descent there is a rough ascent out of the town to the Tg. at the fork 
roads, where keep to I., and it is undulating through Broadway, 37, Eum- 
wood Green, 38, Langley, 38^, and Five Wents, 39, to Sutton Yalence, 40|-, 
through and out of which is a steep, dangerous descent, Im. long, with 
sharp turn in it, and again undulating to Headcora. 

(Headcorn ; Ilail way, B.T.O.) 



10 

Headcorn to Biddenden (4| — 48) ; a short but stiff hill to mount 
about l^in. beyond Headcorn, otherwise almost level. 
Im. beyond Headcorn on Z. to Smarden (2^ — 46;^). 

Biddenden to Tenterden (5 — 53) ; almost level to Gastleton's Oak 
Inn, 49f, where turn to the L, and the road is undulating to Tenterden, 
which is situate on a hill. [Or take the left hand road, f m. out of Bidden- 
den, and going by " Man of Kent," 50^, London Beach, 51, Bird's Isle or 
Boar's Isle, 51|, and Gallows Green, 52 J, to Tenterden, 63^-, gently undu- 
lating all the way ; but if not calling at Tenterden, keep to I. at Gallows 
Green straight to Lye Green (or Leigh Green), 53^, on the next stage, thus 
saving fm.] 

(Tenterden: Eight Bells ; Lion; Woolpack, C.T.C.) 

Tenterden ch. steeple is a prominent object on the country side for milea 
round, and is a well-known land-mark to sailors coming up the channel. The 
country, south of Maidstone, is one of the chief hop growing district* in England. 

Tenterden to Reading Street (3^ — 564;; through Tenterden keep 
to the r. [if coming by the alternative, or second of above roads to Ten- 
terden, turn to I. entering the town,] and the road is all but level ; through 
Lye Green (or Leigh Green), 64^, beyond which begins a long and very 
stiff descent into Eeading Street, which should be ridden down carefully. 

Reading Street to Appledore (2^—59) is level, except a small hill 
to go over about half way. 

Appledore to New Romney (8 — 67) ; after Appledore, cross the 
" Royal Military Canal, and the road then traverses Romney Marsh, through 
Snargate, 61^, Brenzett Corner, 62^, and Old Romney, 65 ; it is level, but a 
bad road, loose and stony. 

(New Romney : New Inn, rec. C.T.CJ; Ship.) 

The Royal Military Canal extends from Sandgate to near Eye, 23m.; ii was 
cut early in the present century. Old Romney was formerly a flourishing seaport j 
4w. S. of New Romney is Dungeness Point. 



LONDON TO NEW ROMNEY (by Staplehurst). 

London to Maidstone (Rain's Cross, 34^) — p. 7. 

Maidstone to Stile Bridge (5| — 40) ; in Maidstone turn to r. at the 
cross streets (or if coming from Rochester keep straight on through the 
town), and after a short descent there is a rough and almost unrideable ascent 
out of the town, then at the fork roads turn to the r., and shortly after is a steep 
descent into Loose, 37, whence there is a stiff climb with rather loose surface up 
to Cox Heath, then pretty level through Linton, 38^, and Loddington Street, 
38|, witli a steep downhill to Stile Bridge ; good road, but loose in places. 

At Linton, on I., Linton Place. 

Stile Bridge to Sissinghurst (7^—47^^) ; past Stile Bridge, take 
the left-hand road, and by Cross in Hand, 41^, Swithland's Corner, 42, is 
a pretty level road, to Staplehurst, 43^, and by Iden Green, 44, Nock's 
Bridge, 44|, and Camden Hill, 4G^, is rather hilly, chiefly on the rise, other- 
wise good ; beyond Camden Hill take the left hand-road (on r. by Willesly 
Green, 46f , to Cranhrooh, 48|^). 

(Staplehurst: Railway; South Eastern. — Cranhrooh: George, w£f. C.T.C^ 



11 

Im. E. of Sissinghurst is Eoundshill Park, and behind it the ruins of Sissing- 
hurst Castle. 

Sissinghurst to Tenterden (8—55) ; at Sissinghurst turn to the 
r. just before the ch., and through Goford Green Tg., 48 (where turn sharp 
to l), and Forston Green, 51, is nearly all up and downhill, but nothing 
difficult to Castleton's Oak Inn, 51|, where join the road from Biddenden, 
and the rest is undulating with a rise up into Tenterden. 

Tenterden to New Romney (14^— 69)— p. 10. 
LONDON TO ST. MARY'S CRAY. 

London to Eltham (8) — p. 7. 

Eltham to St, Mary's Cray (5^ — 13 J) ; at the end of Eltham take 
the right hand road with a r'escent to Southend, 9, out of which, again to 
the r., and through Chislehurst, 11:|, is a good road to St. Mary's Cray. 

[There is another route by turning to the r. at the bottom of the hill 
Im. before Eltham and through Mottingham, 8, Cold Harbour, 9, and 
Chislehurst, lOf, to St. Mary's Cray, 13.] 

Before Chislehurst, on r., Camden Place. 

LONDON TO RYE. 

London to Lewisham (Bridge, 5) — p. 6. 

Lewisham to Bromley (5—10); taking the right hand road, the 
macadam continues through Rushey Green, 6, and with some improvement, 
to Southend 7^, after which it is a good road, though sometimes sandy in 
dry weather ; about hn. beyond Southend there is a very stiff hill to mount, 
which is generally rather loose and rough, then level but indifferent road 
into Bromley, through which is macadam. 

{Hvshry Green : Black Horse, Ilqrs. — Sovthend : Green Man. — Bromley : Bell, 
C.T.C. ; Five Hell? : White Hart ; Prince of Wales.) 

At Bromley Hill, on r., Bromley Hill Ro. ; on l, Plaistow Lodge. Entering 
Bromley, on I., the College ; fti the end of the town is the palace of the Bishop 
of Rochester. 

Bromley to Green Street Green {5^ — 15^); short out stiff descent 
and ascent at Mason's Hill, 10^, and then slightly rising ground and undu- 
latory over Bromley Common, 12 (where keep to the I.) to Lock's Bottom, 13, 
thence up and down hill to Farnborough, 14, just beyond which is a con- 
siderable descent, sometimes rather rough, otherwise good smooth road. 

{Mason's Hill : Tiger's Head. — Bromley Common: Crown Inn. — Farnborough : 
New Inn. — Green Street Qreen : Eose and Crown.) 

At Bromley Common, on r., Oakley Bo, At Lock's Bottom, on r., Keston 
Lodge, and further, Holwood Ho. 

Green Street Green to Sevenoaks (P. 0., 81 — 23^); there is a 
continuous easy ascent for nearly the first 4m. past Pratt's Bottom Tg., 16\, 
to the " Polhill Arms," 19^, then a much steeper fall about Ini. long, down 
Madamscot or Sepham Hill, quite rideable, and forward the road is pi etty 
level through Dunton Green, 21, and River Head, 22, with a very steep hiL 
to climb entering Sevenoaks ; capital smooth surface throughout. 



12 

[Or from Pratt's Bottom Tg. turn to r. up through Pratt's Bottom, 16f , 
and Eichmore Hill, 17^, to Knockholt Pound, 19, then a steep winding 
descent down Morant's Court Hill, 20, rejoining the other road at Dunton 
Green, 21.] 

(Polhill Arms. — River Head : Amhurst Arms. — Sevenoa^cs : Bligh's ; Brick- 
layers' Arms ; Commercial ; Crown ; Railway ; Rose and Crown ; Royal Oak ; 
Sennoaks Arms ; Sargent's Railway and Bicycle ; Sennocke.) 

At Richmore Hill, on I., Halstead Place. Splendid view from Morant's Court 
Hill ; below, on r., Chevening Park. At River Head, on I., Bradbourn Mo.; on ?*., 
Chipstead Place and Montreal Place. 

Sevenoaks to Tunbridge (6^ — 30); long ascent a little beyond 
Sevenoaks by the side of Knole Park and past Sevenoaks Common, 24^, to 
the top of River Hill, 25, then there is River Hill to descend, f of a mile 
long ; and being very steep and winding it is not safe to ride down without 
a reliable brake (many accidents to bicyclists have happened on it) ; from 
the bottom it is easy riding by "Watts Cross, 27i, and Hildenboro', 27f , over 
a good road, chiefly downhill to within a mile of Tunbridge, where is a 
sharp rise ; fairly good and smooth road. 

(Tunbridge : Rose and Crown; Bull, B.T.C.) 

Just beyond Sevenoaks, on I., Knole Park, with its fine old manorial mansion, 
cbiefly built in the Tudor style of the fifteenth century, but some parts older. 
At Tunbridge (called also Tonbridge) are ruins of a castle and priory. 

Tunbridge to Pembury Green (5 — 35) ; after crossing the River 
Medway and over the railway bridge at the other end of the town, turn to 
the I. up a stiffish hill ; then, after a short fall, there is a long stiff pull up 
to Burgess Hill, 32 j, and the rest is rather hilly by Wood's Gate, 34:^; good 
hard road. 

(Peynhury Green : Camden Arms.) 

Before Burgess Hill, on I., Somerhill, once the residence of Lambert, the 
celebrated Puritan general. 

Pembury Green to Lamberhurst (5 — 40) ; through Keys Green, 
37, and Lindridge, 38, is not so hilly and more down than up, following the 
Goudhurst Road for nearly 4:^m., and then turning to the r. for Lamber- 
hurst, into which there is a steep descent, which requu^es careful riding ; 
fair surface, but sometimes rough in places. 

About 2m. on r. of Lindridge, and same W. of Lamberhurst, are the ruins of 
Bayham Abbey, which was founded about 120 J. Im. S.E. of Lamberhurst is 
Scotney Castle, an ancient mansion. 
{Lamberhurst: Chequers.) 

Lamberhurst to Film well (4| — 44f ) ; in the middle of Lamberhurst 
the road to the I. must be taken, up a stifl hill to Lamberhurst Down, then 
it is hilly but tolerably good road by Beals Bridge, 41^, and Stone Crouch, 43 

Flimwell to Highgate (2|— 47^) ; turn to 7. and it is almost level, 
running along the ridge of a hill through Seacock's Heath, 4o|, and High 
Street, 46^, with a fall and rise to Highgate. 

{Highgate : Royal Oak.) 

Highgate to Newenden (oj— 52f ) ; by Four Throws 48|, Field 
Green, 49^, Meagrim's Hill, 49|, Sandhurst Green, 50}, Cowbeach Green, 51, 
r\nd Arnden, 51f , is downhill nearly all the way, sharp descents to Field 
Green and into ISTewenden. 



13 

l^eWenden to Eye (8f— Ol^ ; after crossmp; Newenden Bridge there 
is a short ascent, on the top of which keep to the I. and along White Bread 
Lane to Four Oaks, 55f , and then through Peasmarsh, 57^, and Play den, 60^, 
is a very undulating road. [There is another road turning to the r. ^. 
past Newenden Bridge and through Northiam, 54f , and Beckley, o5f , to 
Four Oaks. 57:^ ; more hilly and very bad road.] Rye is situate on a hill, 
and has roughly paved streets. 

CRj/e : Cinque Ports Arms, C.T.C.\ Crown Inn ; George.) 
Eye is an old-fashioned town, with narrow streets ; part of the walls and 
gates, erected by Edward I., still exist ; the Ypres Tower, built in the reign of 
Stephen, and .now a prison ; Chapel of St. Clare, and Queen Elizabeth's Spring. 
A fine view is obtained from the cli. tower. 2m. S. is VVinchelsea, formerly a large 
town, 2m. in circuit; fine old c7^., remains of gates and walls. Between Rye and 
AVinchelsea are the ruins of Winchelsea or Camber Castle, built by Henry VIII. 
See Cross Eoads, route I. 

LONDON TO NEW ROMNEY (by Goudhurst). 
London to Pembury Green (35)— p. 12. 

Pembury Green to Goudhurst (7f— 42|) : through Keys Green, 
37, and Lindridge, 38, is not so hilly, and for 4'/n. chiefly down hill to the 
bridge over the it. Teise, within a mile of Goudhurst, into which is the long 
ascent of Clay Hill, the top part very steep, and requiring care in descending ; 
fairly good surface. 

Before Goudhurst \\m. on ?., on an islet surrounded by the River Teise, is an 
ancient moated farmhouse. 

(^Goudhurst .' Star and Crown.) 

Goudhurst to Sissinghurst (4|— 47^) ; a very fair road, almost 
level by Iden Green, 445-, and Barrack Farm, 46|, the only hills worth 
mentioning, are a short descent and ascent beyond Iden Green ; the road 
runs for the first 3m. along a high ridge of ground. 

At Iden Green on r., and l|m. farther to Z., mostly level, to Cran- 
h'ooh (3 — 47^) ; or at Barrack Farm, on r. to Cranhrook (1 — 47f). 

(^Cranhrook : George, 7T<?. C.T.C.^ 

At Iden Green, on r., is Glassenbury, an ancient moated house, dating from 
the fifteenth century. Before Willesly Green, on 7'.. Angley Park. Cranbrook is 
an old-fashioned town, formerly a centre of the clothing trade. 

Sissinghurst to New Romney (2lf— 69|)— p. 11. 

LONDON TO NEW ROMNEY (by Rolvenden). 

London to Goudhurst (42f) — above. 

Goudhurst to Hartley (3^—461) ; a very fair road, almost level by 
Iden Green, 44^, where turn to the right. 

At Iden Green, on r., Glasseubury, an ancient moated house, dating from the 
fifteenth century. 

Hartley to Rolvenden (6— o2i) ; at Hartley turn sharp to I. and 
then to r., and it is rather uphill to Bennenden, 50, then nearly all down hill, 
but nothing difficult either way. 

Before Bennenden, on I., Hempstead Park. 



14 

Rolvenden to Tenterden (2^—541) ; turning to I. and bearing 

slightly N.E., the road is on the fall for half the distance through Strood or 
fStroud Quarter, 52f , and from Ashbourne Mill, 53^, there is a good pull up, 
rather steep at first, then easier into Tenterden ; bad road. 

[There is another road by turning to the I. at Hartley to CranhrooJc, 47|^, 
into which is a hill to mount, and thence up and dc/wniuil to Goford Green 
'Ig.f 49, and thence to Tenterden, 56 — as at p. 11.] 

{Tenterden: Eight Bells ; Lion; Woolpack, C.T.C.) 

Tenterden to New Romney (13i— CSf )— p. 10. 

LONDON TO RYE (by Maidstone). 

London to Reading Street (56|)— p. 10. 

Reading Street to Rye (7—63^) ; take the right-hand road, and 
through some fields and three gates ; then a short but rough stony hill to 
walk up, and (keeping to I. at first fork and to r. at next) the road, though 
nearly level, is rather rough to Wittersham Stocks, 58^, whence is a very 
rough, steep, and dangerous descent to walk, with a similar hill to rise 
nearing Iden, 61 ; then down and up again to Playden, 62^, beyond which 
is a long descent towards Rye. 

LONDON TO EYE ihy Goudhurst). 

London to Hartley (4.6i)— p. 13. 

Hartley to Highgate (2^48|) ; fall out of Hartley, and downhill 
by Tubslake, 47 (keep to r.), and through Gills Green, 47^, to within ^m. of 
Highgate, to which is a stiff ascent. 

Highgate to Rye (14— 62|)— pp. 12-13. 

[There is a little shorter route by turning to the I. at Tubslake, and by 
Furnace Mill, whence is a long rise to Four Throws, l\rii. past Highgate.] 

LONDON TO HASTINGS. 

London to Flimwell (4f4|)— p. 12. 

Flimwell to Hurst Green (3— 47|-) is hilly, but all rideable. 
{Hurst Green: George, CT.C. ; White Horse.) 

Hurst Green to Robertsbridge (2^ — 50^); about a mile beyond 
Hurst Green, at the right hand of the fork roads, is Silver Hill to descend, 
a long, steep fall with one or two nasty sharp turns, and not safe to ride 
down if without a reliable brake ; at the top a B. U. " Dangerboard " Las 
been set up. 

(Rohertshridge : George.) 

At Robertsbridge, on I., are remains of the abbey. 

Robertsbridge to Battle (6 — 56|) ; by John's Cross, 51f (keep to 
the I.), Vine Hall, 52f (a little further keep to r. twice), and Whatlington, 
54J, the road is rather loose and has some long and difficult hills, par- 
ticularly the ascent up to Battle, through which there is a steep hill, narrow 
and rough. [From John's Cross a shorter road runs by the right hand 
fork direct to Battle, 55 ; the guide post says this is the " nearest road to 
Battle and Hastings," but it is not so good as that to the I., second turning 
alter Vine Hall, which avoids Battle Hill. — See Battle to Hastings, j 

{BaiiU : George, rcc. C.T.C. ; Star, family and commercial). 



15 

Battle, till then called Epitori, was the scene of the victory of William the 
Conqueror; here are the ruins of Battle Abbey, founded by him, open to the 
public on Fridays ; fine old Norman ch., also Ashburnham ch. 2m. W. 

Battle to Hastings (7|— 63f ) ; by Starr's Green, 57i, to Beauport 
Park, 59, is mostly uphill, and by Ore, 61 J, is downhill to Fairlight Down, 
62^, with a long steep descent, which requires careful ridmg, into Hastings; 
the road is rather lumpy in places. Or at Beauport Park turn to r. down 
a long hill through Hollington, 60i, to Silver Hill, 61 (keep to l), through 
Bohemia, 61^, with a sharp fall at Cuckoo Hill into Sadinrjs, 62|. — At 
Silver Hill on r. to St Leonards, 62. 

[There is a shorter and better road from Vine Hall instead of the above, 
which is the old coach road, by taking the second turning to the I. and 
down to Kent Street, 56, whence it is chiefly uphill for about 2w. to where 
it crosses the old road beyond Beauport, and down the hill direct to Silver 
Hill, 60, whence to St. Leonards, 61, and Hastings, 61f , as above.] 

(Hastings: Castle; Havelock, C.T.C.; Marine; Pier, Hgrs.; Provincial; 
Queen; Royal Albion; Poyal Swan; Swan, Hqrs. — St. Leonards: Albion; 
Denmark; Railway. — Ore: Kite's Nest.) 

At Beauport, on r., Crowhurst Park; on L, Beauport Park. Beautiful view 
from the top of Fairlight Down. Hastings Castle was erected by the Normans, 
but is now in ruins ; the town, with the handsome suburb of St. Leonards, is next 
after Brighton, the most fashionable watering place on tlie south const, and a great 
resort for invalids; splendid pier and esplanade, baths, libraries, theatre, &c. 
There are many pretty walks and rides in the vicinity. 

LONDON TO HASTINGS (by Tunbridge Wells). 

London to Tunbridge (30) — p. 12. 

Tunbridge to Tunbridge Wells (5| — 35|) ; after crossing the 
R. Medway, and over the railway bridge, there is an easy rise out of the 
town, keeping straight on, followed shortly after by Quarry Hill, to climb, 
a steep ascent of nearly a mile ; then a short descent to Southborough, 33, 
from which it is chiefly uphill, but an easy road, through Nonsuch Green, 34, 
with a run down into Tunbridge Wells ; good surface. On entering the town 
keep straight on along Mount Bphraim, till you reach the common, where 
take the middle road, called the London road (the right one continuing 
along Mount Ephraim), and thence is a nice descent to the Parade, where 
the iVant and Bridge roads diverge, the latter to the r. along Back ParaAe. 

(Southhorovgh : Hand and Sceptre. — Tunbridge Wells: Calverly ; ^jrj^jc, 
C.T.O.; Grosvenor ; Royal Kentish ; Royal Mount Epliraim j Royal Susse.^./ 

At Quarry Hill, on r., Mabledon. At Southborough, on r., Bounds. Tun- 
bridge Wells is one of the chief inland watering places, and has long been cele- 
brated for its chalybeate springs. The country around is very hilly and pretty. 

Tunbridge Wells to Frant (2:^ — 38) ; keeping to left hand road 
from the Parade there is a stiffish rise all the way to the top of Rumbera 
Hill, 36^, then two short descents to the bottom of Frant Hill, which is a 
steep and difficult ascent (it is nearly straight, and may be ridden down 
in the reverse direction with a reliable brake). 

(Front: George Inn; Abergavenny, recom., C.T.O.) 

At Prant, on r., Eridge Old Park. 

Frant to Wadhurst m — 42^) ; after passsing Frant Green (Sleech'a 
Cross Tg-. 38i,) the left hand road must be taken, and a fall soon begins, 
which should"be Luken carefully, as though gradual at first it beGomea steep 



16 

fcowards tlie bofetolll, to Biverliall Bridge, 40 ; about a mile beyond is a stiff pull 
up fropa Wadhurst Station to Sparrows Green, at the entrance of the village. 
(Wadhurst : Greyhound.) 

Wadhurst to Ticeliurst (3 — 45^); the road continues uphill to 
Shover Green, 43J, when the top of the range is reached, and with a 
gradual, but not continuous fall runs to Ticehnrst, 

{Ticeliurst : Duke of York.) 

Ticehurst to Hurst Green (3J— 48|) ; a little past Ticeliurst keep 
to the r., and the road is undulating but chiefly on the fall, joining the road 
from Flimwell on Z., hn. before Hurst Green. 

[There is another road to the I. just out of Ticehurst, and go through 
Flimivell, 47^, and then to Hurst Green, 60^.'] 

Hurst Green to Hastings (16— 64|)— pp. 14-15. 

LONDON TO TUNBRIDGE by (Ightham). 

London to Farningham (17^) — p. 7. 

rarningham to Ightham (71 — 25^) ; follow the Wrotham road as 
at p. 7 to Portobello, 21, and l^m. further on take the right hand road, 
which is uphill for nearly ^m. more, when the edge of the downs is reached ; 
then bearing to the I. there is a very steep and winding descent which 
should be walked down for about a mile, and the rest is nearly all an easy 
down-hill into Ightham. 

{Ightham: George and Dragon, B.T.C.) 

About Im. W. of Ightham, on Ightham Common, are the remains of a Roman 
camp. 

Ightham to Tunbridge (7 — 32|) ; leaving Ightham keep to the l, 
and it is a very hilly road ; for Ihn. chiefly uphill, then there is the long 
and very steep descent of Fair Lawn Hill to near Shipborn, 28J, and after 
that up and down hill — including the steep descent of Starve Crow Hi'l, 
291 — through Cage Green, 31 1^, to Tunbridge; rather heavy to Shipbcrn, 
then sometimes bad and stony. 

LONDON TO EYE (by Staple Cross). 

London to Highgate (471)— p. 12. 

Highgate to Junction Inn (3 — 50h) ; turn to r. and down a steep 
descent to Hawkhurst, 48|, then chiefly uphill, but good road. 

[There is another road by Hurst Gh'een, 47| — p. 14 ; thence \m. further 
turn to Z., and by Silver Hill, 49, and Springate's Hill Tp., 49^, to Junction 
Inn, 50^ ; steep descent from Silver Hill.] 

{Hawkhurst : Queen's.) 

Junction Inn to Staple Cross (3| — 53f) ; turn to the Z. and down 
hill through Knowl Hill Tp., 51^, to Bodyham Bridge, 52, followed by a 
long ascent. 

Before Bodyham Bridge, on I., the ruins of Bodyham Castle, erected 1386. 

Staple Cross to Beckley (4 — 57|) ; turn to the ?., and through 
Horns Cross Tp., 56h, is pretty level. 

Becldey to Rye (7^65)— p. 13. 



17 

LONDON TO TUNBRIDGE WELLS (by Penshurst). 

London to Sevenoaks— P.O. (23^)— p. 11. 

Sevenoaks to Penshurst (8^—311) ; follows the Tunbridge road as 
at p. 12, to Watts Cross, 27^, then turn to r. and over a very undulating 
road through Stock's Green, 28|, and Leigh, 29|, 'after vrhich along the 
west side of Penshurst Park. 

At Leigh, on r, Hall Place ; Pensliiirst Place is a fine old castellated mansion ; 
about 2m. on r. Chiddingstone Park. 

Penshurst to Tunbridge Wells (4|— 36i) ; cross the B. Medway, 
and it is a very hilly road by Pounds Bridge, 33^, and Speldhui'sfc, 34^-. 

LONDON TO HYE (by Udymer). 

London to Junction Inn (50^) — p. 16. 

Junction Inn to Cripp's Corner (3^ — 53|); at Junction Inn keep 
straight on down long descent ; good but hilly road. 

[Or to Stajjle Cross, 53|, p. 16, and straight on to GrijU^'s Corner, 5U, 
slightly uphill. 

Or to Bohertsbriclrje, 50|, p. 14, and then to Vine Hall, 52|, p. 14, after 
which take first turn to I. to Crijjp's Corner, 54^ ; fairly level.] 

Cripp's Corner to Rye — Strand Gate (101 — 64) ; turn to the ?., ana 
through Goatham Green, 56^, Broad Oak Cross Tp., 57, and Udymer cr 
Udimore, 69^, is an undulating road, with steep descent through Udyniei-, 
and sharp descent jusb before Bye, and rise into the town, 

LONDON TO HASTINGS (by Sedlescombe). 

London to Cripp's Corner (o3f ) — above. 

Cripp's Corner to Kent Street (3| — 57^) ; level for a mile, then 
Bhort but sharp descent, on which turn to I., into Sedlescombe, 55^, arid 
again downhill through Sedlescombe Street, 65f , and uphill to Kent Street. 

Kent Street to Hastings (5|— 63)— p. 15. 

LONDON TO EASTBOURNE AND PEVENSEY. 

London to Frant (38)— p. 15. 

Frant to Mayfield (6^— 44|^) ; is a good but hilly road through 
Frant Green (Sleech's Cross Tg., 38^), Mark Cross Tp., 41 J {pn. beyond, 
turn to I.), and Lake Street, 42A^. 

Mayfield to Cross-in-Hand Tp. (6— 50J) ; turn to r., and the road 
continues hilly, by Wellbrook, 45|, Butcher's Cross Tg., 47^, Croust Corner, 
48|, and Gate House, 49f , where turn to the left. 

[Or beyond Mark Cross Tp. there is a direct road on r. through Salter's 
Green to Butcher's Cross 2^g., 45^.] 

Cross-in-Hand Tp. to Horsebridge (7 — 57^) ; ^m. past Cross-in- 
Hand turn to r., through Little London, 52|-, Horeham Tp., 53|, and Coggers 
Cross, 54| ; it is rather hilly, but chiefly downhill ; awkward twisting descent 
about Im. before Horsebridge. (Eeturning, turn to r. out of Horsebridg©), 

At Little London, l??i. ou I., Heathfield Park. 



18 ' 

Horsebridge to Hailsham (1| — 59) is a splendid road, slightly 
uphill ; out of Horsebridge keep to the r. (On return journey take the 
road to the I. out of Hailsham, and entering Horsebridge to I. again). 

About 4m. E. of Hailsham the ruins of Hurstmonceux Castle, erected in the 
reign of Henry VI. At Mitchelham, 2m. W., the ruins of an Angustinian Priory, 
erected temp. Henry III. 

Hailsham to Polegate Green (3| — 62^) ; out of Hailsham keep to 
the r., and it is a very good undulating road, mostly downhill. 

Near Wilmington, about 3m. W. of Polegate Green, is the figure of the " Long 
Man," 230 ft. high, cut in the turf on the side of the hill, and visible nearly 30m. ; 
it is supposed to be of British origin. 

Polegate Green to Eastbourne, Station (3^ — 66) ; past the railway 
crossing keep to I. ; chiefly on the rise to Willingdon, 64, beyond which is 
a short descent, followed by a long stiff hill to mount, and some downhill 
into Eastbourne ; good surface, gravel, and flint. The Seaside and Parade 
are l^m. beyond the Station. 

[There is another road by turning to the I. just beyond Hailsham, 2hn. 
further to the r., and by Stone Cross, 63, Langley Tg., 65, Crumble Bridge, 
65^, Sea Houses, 67, and South Bourn, 67f , to Easthourne, 68|, ; hilly to 
Langley Tg., then level : bad road, frequently loose and heavy. 

About 1^11. before Stone Cross on I., through Hankham Street, 62^, to 
Pevensey {31 — 64^) ; or Im. before Langley Tg. on I. through Westham, 65|, 
to Pevensey {1\ — 65f ). 

Easthourne: Albion; Anchor; Burlington; Cavendish; Devonshire; 
Diplock's ; Lamb; Eailway and Commercial ; Railway; Wadey's.) 

At Willingdon, on I., Ratton Park. At Eastbourne, Compton Place. East- 
bourne is a thriving watering place and seaside resort ; the old village is l^m. 
distant from the sea and the parade, and pier, &c., which are at Sea Houses ; it is 
greatly resorted to by invalids, the air being sonsidered beneficial in pulmonary 
complaints. Fine old Norman ch. Several Roman remains have been found here. 
3 or 4m. SW. is Beachy Head, 575 ft. high, and containing several caverns; 
hero are several barrows or British tumuli. At Pevensey, ruins of the castle, 
partly supposed to be Roman work. Pevensey is supposed to have been the 
Roman Anderida, and here landed William the Conqueror. Along the coast aro 
many martello towers, and a battery at Langley Point. 

LONDON TO EASTBOURNE (by Westerham). 

London to Bromley (10) — ^p. 11. 

Bromley to Keston (4^—14^) ; short but stiff descent and ascent at 
Mason's Hill, lOJ, and then slightly rising ground and undulatory to Bromley 
Comnion, 12, where take the right-hand road, and through Keston Mark, 
13, it is nearly all against the collar, ending with a sharp descent to Keston ; 
good smooth road, but occasionally loose in the latter half. 

S.E. of Keston is the pretty village of Down (li — 15|). 

(Keston : Fox. — Doivn : Queen's Head.) 

At Bromley Common, on r., Oakley Eo. At Keston Mark, on L, Keston 
Lodge, and further, Holwood Bo. ; in the park are extensive remains of an 
encampment called Caesar's Camp; opposite, on n, Im. before Keston, is a pool 
called Caesar's Well. 

Keston to Westerham (7— 2Iij; beyond Keston there are two or 
three sharp undulations, and then a stiff descent and similar ascent to 



19 

Leaves Green, 15^, a,fter which it is an easy undulatinf^ road, with a gradual 
rising tendency, for im., through South Street, 18|, when the top of a 
range of hills is reached, and immediately a very steep descent begins, 
dangerous to ride down, as the road makes a sudden turn to the r. a short 
way down, and the surface is very loose, rough, and stony for some dis- 
tance ; after that it is almost level and rather loose road to Westerham^ 
with a short but very stiff rise just into the village. 
At Westerham, on r., Squeries ; on L, Hill Park. 

Westerham to Eden Bridge (5 J — 28|) ; in the main street of Wes. 
terham, which runs E. and W., turn to the I., and, leaving the town, keep 
to the r., and there is a long stiff ascent of a mile to the top of Horns Hill, 
then pretty level for a mile over Westerham Common, followed by a long 
winding fall down Crockham Hill, 23f , which must be taken carefully ; then 
an undulating road through Linhurst, 25^. 

{Eden bridge : Albion.) 

Eden Bridge to Hartfield (7^ — 34) ; at the Trj., ^m. beyond Eden 
Bridge keep to the I., and through Stamford End, 27f , Brook Street, 28^, 
by Cowden Pound, 29J, Kent Water, 31, and Colestock Gate, 3L, is an 
undulating road, but with two or three stiff hills. 

At Stamford End, 2m. on I., ruins of Hever Castle, formerly the seat of the 
Boleyng. 

Hartfleld to Maresfleld (7^ — 41^) ; at the fork roads just out of 
Hartfield keep to the I., and about Im. further begins the long and in the 
latter part very steep ascent through Ashdown Forest to 37th yns., whence 
the road is pretty level to Duddleswell Gate, 38|, from which there is a very 
steep descent, and the last 2m. are on a gradual fall ; the surface is some- 
times very loose and rough in places. 

Ab Maresfield, on r., Maresfield Park. 

Maresfleld to Uckfleld (If — i3i) ; in Maresfield keep to the I., and 
then to r., and it is almost level to Uckfield, through which is a long descent ; 
good surface, but sometimes loose and rough in dry weather, and heavy 
when wet. (Returning, a little out of Uckfield keep to I.) 

Uckfield: King's Head ; Maiden's Head, B.T.C.) 

Before Uckfield, on L, Buxted Place j on r., the Kocks; Im. beyond, on L, 
Framfield Park. 

Uckfield to East Hoathley (5 — 48i) ; through Uckfield is a steep 
downhill to the railway crossing, beyond which is a stiff ascent, and at the 
top turn to the I., whence undulating over Crockstead Green, 46|-, to East 
Hoathley ; splendid smooth gravel surface. 

East Hoathley to Horsebridge (6 — 54^); through Whitesmith 
Green, 50^, and Dicker, 53|, the road is of an undulating character, but 
mostly on the fall : capital smooth gravel surface. (On the return journey 
keep to r. at the 61st wis.) 

Horsebridge Tg. to Eastbourne Station (8|— 62|)— p. 18. 











SECTION II. 

From Westminster Bridge*; Southern Roads (East 

Surrey and Mid Sussex). 



LONDON TO EASTBOURNE (by Godstone). 

London, Westminster Bridge (Surrey side), to Streatham (5^) ; 
Jevel road along Keuningbon Road, by Kennington Gate, l^ (keep to I. and 
a little further to r.), and along Brixton Road to Brixton {ch. 3), tliena slight 
rise for nearly ^m. to foot of Brixton Hill, which is a stiff pull but not lon'^, 
and from the top it is almost level : rough macadam road all the way, iu 
wet weather heavy and greasy ; tramway for first 3^m. 

Streatham to Croydon — George street, middle of the town (4 J — 9i) ; 
Bhort stiff descent from Streatham, then gently undulating along Streatham 
Common, through Thornton Heath, 8, and Broad Green, 8| ; surface still 
macadam, generally very rough and in wet weather heavy and greasy ; 
single line tramway, paved with asphalt, from Thornton Heath through and 
for a mile beyond Croydon. [In order to avoid the narrow main street of 
Croydon, which has its market day on a Saturday, take the right hand road 
at Broad Green, about ^m. further on go over the railway bridge, then along 
Church street (take second turning on r.) and along the right hand side of 
the ch., and again to the r. of the second ch. at the next fork, which leads 
into the main road by a small turning — Southbridge Row — to the I. at the 
other end of Croydon : on coming the reverse direction this turning is the 
first on the I. (some 100 yards) after passing the " Swan and Sugar Loaf;" 
it is good and smooth nearly all the way.] 

{Croydon: Bedford, Hqrs; Bridge; Green Dragon; Greyhound; Swan and 
Sagar Loaf.) 

Beyond Streatham, on I., see Crystal Palace. 

Croydon to Caterham Junction (2^ — 12); the macadam ends a 
short distance out of Croydon, the tramway extending half-a-mile further 
(11th ms.) ; the rest is generally in good order, but sometimes loose and 
Bandy, and heavy in wet weather ; past Purley House 11^ ; all but level. 

Outside Croydon, on r., Hayling House ; ^m. before Caterham Junction, on 
I., Purley House, past which runs the old road over Eiddlesdown, up a steep hill 
for |>?i., and now very little used ; rough iinrideable descent either way. 

Calerham Junction to Godstone Green {71 — 19:^); taking the 
left hand fork, the road is mostly on the rise, but easy gomg, past Kenley, 

• These roads can be reached at Kennington Gate from the other bridges, as follows : — From 
l>ondou Bridge, 2in. ; from Soutbwark Bridge, 2m. nearly ; fromBlackfriars Bridge, 2m. ; froui 
Waterloo Bridge, l|m. ; all meeting at the " Elephant and Castle," nearly Im. before Ksnninir- 
ton Gate ; paved from London and Blackfriars Bridges to " Elephant and (]astle" and lot of 
paving beyond it, otherwise macadam ; heavy traihc. It is better to go by St. George's Circus 
and Lambeth Road lo Kennington Road, ^//i. beyond Westminster Bridge. 

The milestones on those roads are also reckniiod both from Whitehall and Cornhill, the 
distance from the former being the longer by i«. and Irom Cornhill by Iw. than from Westminster 
Bridge. 



21 

13, "Hose and Crown Inn," 1-4J, Warllngliam Station, lo^, to Catorliam 
Station, 16J, then two short rises followed by a longer and stiff ascenfc 
through a cutting, from which there is a long descent, rather steep at first, 
to Godstone Green; usually splendid smooth road, but in very dry weather 
occasionally loose in places as far as Caterham Station. 

(Rose and Crown Inn. — Caterham Station: Clifton; Railway. — Godstone 
Qreen: Clayton Arms, B.T.C.) 

Past Caterham Station, Im. on Z., Harden House and Park. 

Godstone Green to New Chapel (6 — 25|) ; past Godstone Green 
keep to the I. (avoiding the long steep ascent by the old road over Tilburstow 
or Tilbuster Hill), and the road is up and down hil], but nothing to di>«mounlf 
for, through Stanstead Borough, 20f, to Blindley Heath, 23|^ ; good gravel 
road for first 3m., then rather rough and shaky. 

New Chapel to East Grinstead (3J — 28f) ; keep to the I., and the 
road is almost level to Felbridge, 27^, out of which is a long rise to near 
East Grinstead ; tolerably good going, but inclined to be shaky. 

{East Grinstead : Dorset Arms ; Railway; Swan.) 

East Grinstead to Wych Cross (5| — 34|) ; about Im. out of East 
Grinstead, after a short rise, there is a good long descent to Forest Row, 
81f ; here take the middle road by I. of ch., and it is all uphill, more or lesd 
Bteep, with rather uneven surface, and very trying traversing Ashdown Forest. 

At Forest Row, on r., Kidbrook Park. Wych Cross or Wytch Cross. 

Wych Cross to Maresfleld (5f— 40) ; take the I. fork at "Wych 
Cross, and after a mile of pretty level but very indifferent road alongside 
Peppingford or Ashdown Park, a mile-long descent has to be carefully 
negotiated, the latter part being steep, and is followed by a stiff hill to 
mount (here leaving Ashdown Forest) to Nutley, 37^ ; through and out of 
this is more or less downhill for nearly 2m., again a sharp rise and rest level : 
tolerable surface in the latter part. (Returning, out of Maresfield keep to r.) 

[There is another road from Forest Row, that to the I. through Ash- 
down Forest, chiefly uphill, and last mile or so rather steep to junction with 
Westerham road nearly 4m. further, then pretty level to Duddleswell Gate, 
37^, from which there is a very steep descent, and the last 2m. are on a 
gradual fall to Maresfield, 40 ; the surface is sometimes very loose and 
rough in places.] 

At Maresfield, on r., Maresfield Park. 

Maresfield to Eastbourne(21|— 61|)— p. 19. 
This is the shortest and best route to Eastbourne, 

LONDON TO SEAFORD. 

London to Wych Cross ^T.g. (34^)— above. 

Wych Cross Tg. to Chailey (SJ— 42|) ; at Wych Cross take the 
right hand road, and the ascent con\tinues for a short distance, then level 
but indifferent road and rough in pla.ces to Charlwood Gate, 35|-, afterwards 
all down hill to Dane Hill, 37, a stiff and rough ascent, followed by ba(^ 
loose descent, and then very good and undulating with easy hills through 
Sheffield Green, 38J, and over Sheffield Bridge, 39|, and Chailey Common. 

Past Sheffield Green, on Z., Sheffield Park. 



23 

Chailey to Lewes— T.H. (6^ — 49 J), over South Common, 43^, Beverns 
Bridge, 44 J, Cooks Bridge, 46^, andOiiham Street, 47^, is a continuation of 
good road with easy hills, entering Lewes by the west end of the town, 
f w. on the road to Brighton, where turn to the I. 

[There is another road from Wych Cross through Ilaresfield, 40, and 
UcJcfield, 41|, as at p. 21, and p. 19 ; then through Uckfield is a stiff dovni- 
hill to the railway crossing, beyond which is a long stiff ascent and a 
downhill to Little Horsted, 43|, whence it is tolerably level to within ^m. 
of Cliff, 49| ; downhill here to B. Ouse, at the entrance of Lewes, 50^, and 
after crossing the river a very steep hill to cUmb through the town ; good 
roa,d, though sometimes rough and loose in dry weather.] 

(Leive!,: Bear, C.T.C.; Crown; Elephant and Castle; Star; White Hart.) 

At Little Horsted, on r., Horsted Place; 3m. Lefore Lewes, on ^, Plashet 
Park ; on r., Mailing Ho. and Mailing Deanery. At Lewes the castle, built 
Boon after the Conquest, is worth seeing, a fine view being obtained from the 
battlements ; also ruins of St. Pancras Priory, the first of the Cluniac order in 
England, founded 1076. There are several old churches, one of which occnpies 
the site of a Roman camp, St. John's. Near Lewes, in 1264, Simon de Montfort 
and the barons defeated Henry 11. Town hall, theatre, library, archaeological 
museum, &c. 

Lewes to Newhaven— Bridge (7 — 56;^) ; in Lewes turn to the r. just 
before the railway, and through Iford, 61^, Kodmill, b2^, Southsease, 53, 
Deans, 54|^, and Piddinghoe, 55:^, is a good undulating road. 

(Newhaven : Prince of Wales.) 

A t Southsease and Piddinghoe are Norman churches. Newhaven is a small, 
but rismg seaport town, whence steamers ply to Dieppe, the shortest route to 
Paris; small Norman ch., forts, &c. Above the town is a castle, and overlooking 
it is an ancient British earthwork. 

Newhaven to Seaford— T^ew Inn (31—59^) ; turn to r. and cross 
R. Ouse, and shortly after keep to r. twice ; good road, but loose in plaCes, 
level to near the Coastguard station, where there is a short, sharp descent to 
the beach, across which is unrideable, then a rise and fall, and up again to 
Seaford. [There is another but more hilly road by the left hand road at 
the second fork, through Bishopstone, 58^, and Blatchington, 59^, to 
Seaford, 60.] 

{Seaford: Boy; New Inn; Uia 'iTotj.; 

Seaford ch. is Norman and early English ; on Seaford heights are remains of 
a large Roman camp, and in the vicinity are remains of several deep entrench- 
ments ; Bishopstone ch. is a singular building with Saxon porch. Beyond tho 
town, Corsica Hall. 

LONDON TO LIMPSFIELD. 

London to Croydon — George Street (9|) — p. 20. 

Croydon to Warlingliam (4f — 14^) ; the macadam ends a short 
distance out of Croydon, the tramway extending half a mile further (to 
nth ms.) ; here at the signpost take the road to the I., and after passing 
under the railway bridge a long and severe uphill begins to Sanderstead, 
12^, divided by two short intervening falls into three stages, which require 
care in descending, especially the highest one, there being a sharp curve 
in it ; after Sanderstead the road is level ; fairly good sm-face after leaving 



23 

the Brighton road. [The old road over Eiddlesdown leaves the Brighton 
road {m. further on at Parley House, with a stiff rough hill to climb in the 
first mile, and l|m. disused grassy lane to Hamsey Green, 14 ; ^m. longer.] 

Outside Croydon, on r.. Hayling Ho. On I., Sanderstead Court. 

Warlingham to Limpsfleld (5^— 19f) ; slight gradual rise along 
Warlingham Common and Worms Heath, 15^, where is a very stiff hill to 
climb, rough, loose and stony, but not long, the top being reached at the 
6th ms. from Croydon (from which they are measured) ; after this the road 
is fairly level and good for a couple of miles, running along the top of the 
hills to a cross road for Tatsfield ; then the dangerous descent of Titsey 
Hill begins, 17^, and though it is gradual for the first im. bicyclists should 
not ride further than 100 yards beyond the 8th ms. from Croydon, as the 
fall soon l)6Comes steeper and, curving to the r., is too steep to be ridden 
down, besides being rough, for several hundred yards to Titsey cfe., 18^; 
from here it is an easy and good ride, mostly on the fall, to Limpsfield. 

LONDON TO BRIGHTON (by Lindfield). 

London to New Chapel (25^)— p. 21. 

New Chapel to Turner Hill (5^ — 30^) ; turn to the r. and it is 

slightly undulating, but chiefly with an upward tendency, passing over 
Frogwood Heath, Copthorn Common, 27i, and Crawleys Downs, 29^, with 
a long stiff crooked ascent to Turner Hill, almost too steep and dangerous 
to be ridden down on the return journey excejDt with a good brake ; rather 
rough road. 

About lim. S.W. of Turner Hill is st curious rock, called Big upon Little. 

Turner Hill to Hapstead Green (4^— 34f) ; short descent out of 
Turner Hill, followed by a stiff pull up to Selsfield Common, then mostly 
on a gentle fall to Hapstead Green ; good smooth road. 

Before Hapstead Green, on r., Wakehurst Place. 

Hapstead Green to Lindfield (3 — 37f), is rather hilly, with a 
short stiff ascent into Lindfield ; good surface. Toll to pay at Lindfield gate. 

Lindfield to Hayward's Heath (1| — 39^) is easy travelling and a 
good road, though sometimes loose and sandy. 

[Or from Hapstead Green keep to r., and stiff descent to E. Ouse bridge, 
oQ\, then sharp rise, long fall, and again an ascent to Hayioard's Heath, 38^.] 

Hayward's Heath to Ditchling (5^ — 44|) ; rather hilly but nothing 
very difficult to Wivelsfield, 41, and then pretty level, passing over 
Ditchling Common ; the road is generally loose and heavy. Toll to pay at 
Wivelsfield and Ditchling gates. 

Ditchling to Brighton — Aquarium (8— o2f ) ; a short distance out of 
Ditchling begins a very steep and winding ascent, with rough and stony 
surface, and too steep to be ridden either up or down, leading to the top of 
the South Downs ; on the top the road becomes a mere cart and hoof track 
for about 3m.. over the Downs, which must be walked, then it improves and 
is rideal)le, all up and down hill, but still rough and very stony for 2m. 
more till clear of the Downs, and the last l^m. are all down hill into 
Brighton. [Or beyond Ditchling turn to r. to Clayton, 47, whence tc 
Brighton, 7 — 64, as by next route.] 

(Brighton hotels, &c., Bee post, p. 25.) 



24 

At tLe top of the Downs, on r., the road passes close to Ditchling Beacon j 
ahont 3m. before Brighton, on I., is Hollingsbury Castle, a Roman encampment on 
a high hill. 

LONDON TO BRIGHTON (by Cuckfield). 

London to Caterham Junction (12)— p. 20. 

Caterham Junction to Merstham (5| — 17|) ; following the riG:ht 
1 and road up the valley of Smitham Bottom, it is a gradual but barely notice- 
^ble rise to the "Red Lion," 13^, just beyond which a moderate ascent 
1 begins, and is continued more or less for nearly 3hm., but no part of the 
^I'adient is difficult, and the last |»z. is a stiff downhill into Merstham ; the 
f-nrface is smooth and generally in good order, but sometimes sandy, and 
in wet weather heavy. 

{Merstham ; Feathers.) 

Merstham to Red Hill (2| — 20A) is nearly all up and downhill but 
easy riding ; pretty fair surface, but inclined to be uneven, and through 
Ked Hill is macadam ; take the left hand road at the bifurcation about 
l^m. beyond Merstham. 

(Red Hill: Warwick, rec, C.T.C) 

Beyond Merstham, on r., Gatton ITo. and Park ; here also formerly stood 
the village of Gatton, long famous as a rotten borough. 

Red Hill to Horley (3^—24) ; out of Eed Hill there is the very stiff 
ascent of that name to mount, but: which a good rider need not dismount 
for, then across Earlswood Common it is undulating, though more down 
than up, over a rough and shaky macadam road; leaving the Common 
there is a good rise and fall, then the road is almost level to Horley, with 
better sm-face. [An easier road up Red Hill is to take the first turn on r. 
past the railway, then keeping to I. up a gradual rise, and joining the main 
road again nearly at the top ; good surface.] 

(Horley: Chequers.) 

Horley to Balcombe (8|— 32|) ; at the entrance of Horley where 
the road forks keep straight on by the left hand branch over the railway 
bridge, after which the road continues fairly level for about 4m., rough for 
half that distance over Horley Common, and good and smooth for the other 
half past Black Corner, 27 (where enter Sussex) ; then it becomes hilly, 
beginning with the short bub stiff ascent of Pound Hill (top of) 28}, and 
past Worth. Bridge, 29 1, while the long rise of Whitely Hill, 2m. before 
l3alcombe, particularly requires some collar work, but fairly good surface. 

(Pound Hill : King's Head). 

At "Worth Bridge, on L, Worth Park. Worth has an ancient Saxon ch. After 
Pound Hill the road runs through part of Tilgate Forest. At Balcombe, on I., 
Balcombe Ho. 

Balcombe to Cuckfield (4| — 37) ; a little beyond the cli. keep to r., 
and through Brook Street, 35^, is undulating but good road ; a stiff ascent 
to mount to Whiteman's Green, 36^, and down to and through Cuckfield. 

(Cucl-field: King's Head; Talbot"; B.T.G.) 

Beyond Balcombe, Im. on L, Ouse Viaduct. At Cuckfield, on r., Cuckfield 
Place, the original of Ainsworth's " Eookwood Hall." 

Cuckfield to Clayton (7| — 44^) ; by Anstey Cross, 38 (first I., then 
r.), Bridge Farm, 40^, St. John's Common, 40|, Friar's Oak Inn. 42i, and 



25 

Stonepoimd, 43|, tlie road is undulating, some of the hills being of rather 
stiff gradient in either direction. [Or in Cuckfield turn to I. to Butler's 
Green, 38^, whence on r. to Bridge Farm, same distance.] 

Clayton to Pie combe, opp. ch. (| — 45|) ; out of Clayton there is a 
very steep ascent which it is impossible to ride up (and bicyclists should not 
attempt to ride doum it) ; then easy descent to Piecombe. 

Piecombe to Brighton — Aquarium (6|—51|),throughPangdean,46f, 
Patcham, 48-|, Withdean, 49f , and Preston, 49|, is all down hill or level ; very 
good and smooth surface to Old Patcham Gate, 3m. from Brighton, after which 
the road gets rather bumpy and is often wet and greasy into Brighton. 

{Brif/hton: Albermarle ; Albion; Albion Temperance; Egremont; Emery's 
Temp. ; Gloucester, C.T.C.\ Golden Fleece ; Marine; New Steine ; New Ship; 
Old Ship ; Pump House ; Royal Marine ; St. James's ; Victoria ; Ward's ; White 
Jlorse; Woodman's Cot; Olive Branch ; Castle, Middle Street, C.T.C) 

Brighton is a large and well-built town, being the principal seaside watering 
place on the south coast ; there are some fine buildings, notably the Ptoyal Pavilion, 
erected by George IV., town hall, the old church, etc. ; splendid promenade 
nearly 3?m. long, from suburb of Kemptown on the east to Hove and Cliftonville 
on the West. The Aquarium is one of the best in England. Bells are compulsoiy 
in Brighton. 

LONDON TO BRIGHTON (by Handcross). 

London to Horley (24»— p. 24. 

Horley to Povey Cross (1-|— 2o|) ; at the entrance of Horley take 
the right-hand fork, and it is a capital nearly level road. 

Povey Cross to Crawley (3|— 220 ; over Kimberham Bridge, 26j, 
and Lowfield Heath, 275-, is a capital road, nearly level. 

(^Crawley: George; George and Dragon ; Eailway, C.T.C; Station,) 
In the middle of Lowfield Heath, at the County Oak, enter Sussex. 

Crawley to Handcross (4|— 23|) ; a short distance out of Crawley 
a long but not difficult hill begins, which continues with one intermission 
to within about ^m. of Pease Cottage Gate, 31|, and the rest is a level and 
capital road of 22^m. to Handcross. 

(^Handcross : Ked Lion, rec. B.T.C) 

Handcross to Hickstead (6f — 40|) ; going out of Handcross turn 
first to the ?., then to the r., and past Slaugharn. Park is the long descent of 
Handcross Hill, at first rather steep, then towards the bottom the fall 
becomes more gradual, and sometimes being rough and loose, it requires 
care in descending ; out of the valley there is a long but not steep hill to 
mount, and then several more by Bolney Common, 37^, and Rice Bridge, 
iJOf ; generally good road but sometimes rather loose in places. 

Hickstead to Piecombe— Plough (5|— 46) ; rather hilly road but 
nothing difiicult through Sayer's Common, 41 J, and Albourne Green, 42|^, 
to the bottom of Dale Hill, 45|^, which is a long stiflF hill right up through 
Piecombe Street, 45^^, and the rest down hill. (Dale Hill should be descended 
carefully when returning, as many accidents have occurred there.) 

The height on the I. of Dale Hill is Wolsonbury Beacon. 



26 

Piecombe to Brighton— Aquarium (5|— 51|) ; just beyond the 
" Plough" join the Clayton road, and by Pagdean, 46J — as at p. 25. 

The above route and the Peigate route are the best roads to Brighton. 

LONDON TO BRIGHTON (by Crawby and Cuckfield). 

London to Hand Cross (33^)— p. 25. 

Hand Cross to Cuckfield (4^ — 38) ; going out of BCand Cross the 
main road to the I. must be taken, and there is a long downhill past Staple- 
field Common, 34f (where again keep to the Z.), then two stiff ascents to 
Slough Green, 36^, and level to Whiteman's Green, 37^, and down into 
Cuckfield ; shaky macadam surface. 

Cuckfield to Brighton — Aquarium (14|— 52|) — pp. 24-25. 

[Or a little past Slough Green turn to r., and go straight to Anstey 
Cross, 38|, and on to Brighton, 52.] 



LONDON TO BRIGHTON (by Reigate), 

London, Westminster Bridge (Surrey side), to Clapham — The 
" Plough" (3^) ; level road along Kennington road, by Kennington Gate, 1^ 
(keep to the v.), along Clapham road and through Stockwell (" Swan," 2^), 
whence it is slightly undulating ; macadam surface, rough and greasy, 
except past Stockwell and for the last 300 yards or so, where patches of 
wood paving are laid ; tramway the whole distance. 

Clapham to Tooting Cross or Lower Tooting (2|— 6); keeping 
along the left-hand side of Clapham common, the road is fairly level except 
a slight descent just beyond the Common at Balham, 4^, and another, 
steeper, at Upper Tooting, 5 J ; bad surface, being macadam, very shaky, 
and generally wet and greasy. 

Tooting Cross to Sutton, "Cock" Inn (5| — Hi); taking the left- 
hand fork, the road continues macadam across Fig's Marsh to Upper 
Mitcham (Green) 7^, and is all level through Lower Mitcham, 8^, to past 
the B. Wandle, 8|, then rather hilly — two ups and downs— to Sutton, with 
a very stiff pull in the town up to and past the " Cock " Inn at the cross 
roads : the last 3^m. are good going, though sometimes sandy in dry 
weather. 

{Loiuer Mitcham: White B.SiTtyB.T.C. — Sutton: Cock, B.T.C ; Grapes; Grey- 
hound ; Station.) 

Sutton to Burgh Heath (4— 15^); the hill past the "Cock" Inn 
ends at the railway bridge a little further on, but is followed by two easy 
rises to California, 12^, and again by another uphill of l^m., the first part 
rather stiff, over Banstead Downs, across which the surface is generally 
loose, and in dry weather very sandy ; after leaving the Downs, 13^, the 
road continues uphill for about ^m., and then is gently undulating to Burgh 
Heath, with good surface. 

At the end of the Downs, Im. on L, is the pretty village of Banstead, and l^m. 
Turther on, Woodmanstone, near which is the Oaks Park; good aud easy road. 
Before Burgh Heath a little on r. Nork Pax-k. 



27 

Burgh Heath to "Reigate—M.H. (5|— 21) ; across Burgh Heath and 
Walton Heath (keeping to I. at 16th ms.), the road is undulatin.g for a couple 
of miles, with a steepish descent beyond Kingswood ch., then it is more oi 
less on the rise past the " Fox" Inn, 18, to the top of Reigate Hill, 19^, all 
with acapital smooth hard surface ; here the bicyclist should dismount (B. U. 
•' danger board " is erected on I.) for the long winding descent of Eeigate 
Hill, running right down into the town : the first part, ^m. long, is very 
steep, with its surface for half the width on the left formed of loose stony 
gravel, and extremely rough, while on the other half a double row of flag- 
stones is laid for upward vehicular traffic ; this descent is unrideable except 
with a very powerful brake, though it has been ridden down and can be 
just ridden up by a good rider keeping to the flagstones, but in any case it 
is dangerous, as one is not able to see to the bottom : the rest of the descent 
is comparatively easy, passing over a level railway crossing, and finally 
debouching through a short tunnel under the Castle grounds into the 
market-place. The total fall is 420ft., and the average gradient on the 
flagstones is 10ft. in 100ft. 

At Tadworth Court, 16, on r. to Walton-on-the-Hill (li— 17i) ; and to 
Box Hill (41—201). 

{Reigate : Grapes, B.T.C. ; Swan ; White Hart.) 

Beyond Burgh Heath, onr., Tadworth Coui-t, and further on, Dundrurn Castle. 
Before Keigate Hill, Im. on r., Uppar Gatton Ho., and on the Hill, a little on 
I., Gatton Park and Gatton village, now consisting of two or three houses, famous 
as a rotten borough. The view from the top of Keigate Hill is very fine. At 
Reigate are remains of the old castle, now a well-laid-out public garden, with a 
large cavern underneath. The Priory. 

Reigate to Povey Cross (5J — 26^); long moderate ascent out of 
Reigate ending in a cutting, and followed by a good descent to Woodhatch, 
22^, then undulating over Kennersley Bridge, 23^ {B. Mole), and Hookwood 
Common, 25| ; capital smooth road. 

Povey Cross to Brighton — Aquarium (26— 52|) by Hand Cross, 34^, 
and Hicksted, 40| — pp. 25-26. 

LONDON TO REIGATE (by Croydon.) 

London to Merstham (17|)— p. 24. 

Merstham to Reigate (3J— 21^) ; follow the Eed Hill road to the 
bifurcation at the top of a short rise by the 19th ws., and then take the right- 
hand branch ; for about a mile there are three very stiff uphiUs, but with 
good smooth surface, to Wray Common, and thence is a long gradual run 
down into Reigate over a macadam road. 

LONDON TO SHOREHAM. 

London to Hand Cross (33|)— p. 25. 

Hand Cross to CoTvfold (6— 39i) ; take the right hand road, and 
it is undulating by Ashfold Crossways, 35, and Lower Beeding, 36^ (keep 
to I.), with a steep descent at Crabtree, 37f . (Returning, keep to r. on 
top of Crabtree Hill.) 

Cowfold to Partridge Green (3j — 42f) ; very undulating road by 
Corner House Tg., 41^ (where turn to r.) 



28 

Partridge Green to Steyning (5^—48) ; hilly road over Bines 
Bridge, 43j, through Ashurst, 45, and Horse Bridge Common, 45|, and over 
Broadbourn Bridge, 47^. 

{Steyning: White Horse.) 

Steyning ch. is in part early Norman and supposed to have been portion 
of a Benedictine monastery, and to contain the remains of Ethelwulf, father of 
Alfi'ed the Great. 

Steyning to New Shoreham (o|— 53|); through Bramber, 49^, 
over Bramber Bridge {E. Adur), 49A^, (just beyond keep to r.) along the 
valley of the R. Adur to Old Shoreham, o2f, where turn to the I. at the ch., 
and shortly after to the r. ; good road, undulating for first l^^^i., then level. 

At Bramber, on L, remains of a castle erected by the Saxons, probably on a 
Koman foundation. At Old Shoreham the ch. is a fine old Norman building. 

LONDON TO WORTHING. 

London to Tooting Cross (6)— p. 26. 

Tooting Cross to Merton — Double Gates (1^ — 1h) ; the macadam 
soon ends, then there is a short descent and a railway bridge to go over, 
the slopes of which are generally very loose and sandy ; after this the road 
is level and tolerably good going, though sometimes sandy. 

[In order to avoid the bad road through Balham, &c., most riders leave 
Clapham Common by Nightingale lane, a little to the right of the main 
road, where there is a stiff descent and ascent, then over Wandsworth 
Common, along Burntwood Lane with another descent, turn to I. at Garratt 
Green, again sharp to the I. and immediately after to the r., and through 
Somerstown ; at the next cross roads keep to the 7. over the railway bridge, 
and along Haydon's Lane to Merton, joining the main road just before 
the Double Gates ; the surface is good as a rule, but occasionally a httle 
loose and heavy in places ; distance from "Plough," 4| — 8.] 
{Merton: Bay Tree, temp. ; Duke of Edinburgh.) 

Merton to Ewell (5^ — 13) ; taking the left hand fork there are two 
railway bridges to go over, then from the next bifurcation (where keep to r.) 
there is a long gradual rise of over a mile to Morden, 9^ ; out of here 
is a short steep fall, followed by a long moderate rise and another steep 
descent to Pylford Bridge, lOi, and after a short pull-up the road is gently 
undulating for |n2. past the " Victoria Inn" at ^""orth Cheam, 11:^, when 
an easy run-down occurs, then level, with again a short drop into Swell ; 
it is much easier going to Ewell than the reverse journey, but there is 
nothing an ordinary rider need dismount for ; good gravel road on the 
whole, but in dry weather the greater part is often loose and sandy. 
{Ewell : Glyn Arms; King's Head; King William lY. ; Spring.) 
At Morden, on r., Morden Park; before Ewell, on Z., Nonesuch Park, where 
formerly stood a palace of Henry VIII. and Queen Elizabeth. The ch. is modern, 
bat the ivy-clad tower of the old one is preserved just behind it. 

Ewell to Epsom— King's Head (li — 14^) ; short stiff rise out of 
Ewell, then almost level to Epsom ; capital smooth road. 

{Epsom: King's Head; Spread Eagle.) 

Epsom was formeiJy celebrated for its mineral springs, whence Epsom salts 
derived their name. About Im. S.W. of Epsom, on the Dovrns, is the racecourse, 
where the Derby and Oaks races are held. 



29 

Epsom to Leatherhead — cli. (4 — 18i) ; at the end of the M.F. in 
Epsom keep to the I., then keeping to the r. the road rises gradually for 
about a mile terminating with a rather stiff pull on to Ashtead Common, 
directly followed by a steepish fall generally very loose and heavy ; after 
that the road is very undulating through Ashtead, 16|-, to Leatherhead, 
into which is a good run down. 

{Leatherhead: Bull, IIcp-s.; Duke's Ileacl ; Swan.) 

Beyond Epsom, on I., Woodcote Park and Ashtead Park. Leatherhead ch. 
was built about the middle of the fourteenth centurf, 

Leatherhead to Dorking— M.H. (5— 23^) ; turn sharp to the I. in 
Leatherhead opposite the " Swan;" just out of the town is a steep rough 
fall, then the road is undulating to Mickleham, 20|, through and out of 
which is a long steady rise, followed by a stiff descent, then another short 
very stiff ascent through a cutting and a- long fall to Burford Bridge, 215- 
{B. Mole) ; the rest is almost level with an easy rise into Dorking : good 
smooth road, but in dry weather apt to be sandy for the first mile or so ; 
macadam through Dorking. 

[Burford Bridge : Burford Bridge ; a little further. Beehive. — Dorking : Red 
Lion; Swan; Three Tuns ; Wheatsheaf; White Horse.) 

This stage of the road runs up the valley of the B. Mole, the scenery being 
very pretty. Before Mickleham, on r., Norbury Park. At Burford Bridge, on I., 
the North Downs break off in the precipitous height of Box Hill, whence a 
splendid view of the Dorking valley can be gained ; it is easily accessible to 'cyclists 
from IGth ms. on the Reigate road. On the S.E. side of Dorking is the beautiful 
seat of Deepdene, and about Ini. further E. are the ruins of Betchworth Castle. 

Dorking to Bear Green (4 — 27^) ; in Dorking take the left hand 
read and again I., just leaving the town, then beginning with a moderate 
ascent through a cutting the road continues rather hilly over Holmwood 
Common and past Holmwood Station, 26£ ; pretty good road, though 
sometimes rather lumpy. 

At Holmwood Station, IgW. on r., Anstiebury Hill, a Danish encampment. 

Bear Green to Horsham (9 — 36^); through Capel, 29, Clark's Green, 
30, by Shiremark Mill, 3U-, Kingsfold Tp., 32, and Slaughter Bridge, 33^, 
(where keep to I.) is a hilly road, but nothing difficult ; good smooth 
surface; at the fork roads just before entering Horsham keep to the r. for 
the direct Worthing road, if not wishing to call in the town. 

[Horsham: Anchor; Bedford; Crown; King's Head^ Queen's Head.) 
Beyond Bear Green, on r., see Leith Hill and tower 2^yn. off. Entering 
Horsham on I., Horsham Park, and on r., Springfield. Horsham ch. ia Early 
English restored, and contains many old monuments. 

Horsham to West Grinstead — Burrel Arms (6,} — 42|) ; through 
Southwater, 38^, is a splendid undulating road. 

Im. S. of Horsham, on I., Den Park, and beyond it, Chesworth. At West 
Grinstead, on I., West Grinstead Park; a little further on r., Knep Castle, an old 
castellated mansion. The chief part of the village of West Grinstead lies a little 
I. of the main road. 

West Grinstead to Washington Common (of — 48|) is undu- 
lating, with a splendid surface, through Dial Post Tp., 44, and Ashington, 
47, nearing which keep to theZ., and at the bottom 01 the descent out of tho 
village is a Tg., where take the right hand road. 



30 

Washington Common to Worthing (7^ — 56) ; from the comnion 
there is a steep hill to ascend over part of the South Downs, which is 
followed by a good undulating road through North End, oOf, and Finden, 
61^; 2in. beyond this it is joined by the Arundel to Brighton road, where 
turn to the I., and at the next fork roads (54^) keep to the r., and it is then 
a splendid level road through Broadwater, 54|, into Worthing, 

(^Wtrthmg : Albion, C.T.C.\ Brunswick; Gibbs's Private; Marine; Sea 
House.) 

l|m. S.B. of Washington Common, on the Downs, is an old entrenchment, 
called Chanctonbury Ring; Im. E. of Finden is Cisebury Hill, a large entrench- 
ment surmounted by remains of a fort said to have been erected by the early 
Saxons. Worthing is a rising watering-place with excellent bathing and a very 
mild climate. 

LONDON TO SHOREHAM (by Horsham). 

London to West Grinstead— Burrel Ai-ms (42|)— p. 29. 

West Grinstead to Partridge Green (2| — 451); at the Corr/^r 
Ilouse turn to the I., and it is a good undulating road skii'ting West 
Grinstead Park and across Joulsfield Common. 

Partridge Green to New Shoreham (10| — 56)— p. 28. 

LONDON TO LITTLEHAMPTON. 

London to Bear Green (27^) — p. 29, 

Bear Green to Stone Street or Ockley Green (2| — 30^) ; turning 
to the r. at the sign-post the road is level for a mile, then turning to the I. 
undulating for another mile, when it joins the line of the ancient Eoman 
Road, now known as Stone Street Causeway, and the rest consists of a couple 
of sharp descents to Stone Street ; pretty good road. 

{Btone Street: Red Lion; King's Arms.) 

Before joining Stone Street Causeway, nearly 2m. on r., Leith Hill, 967 ft. 
high, the highest ground in Surrey, and from which the sea is visible in clear 
weather. 

Stone Street to Roman Tp. (5^— 35|) ; the old Causeway con- 
tinues in a straight line for almost 2m., very undulating, and with a capital 
hard surface, then it breaks off and the road bears a little to the r. down a 
short decline, which is followed by the ascent of Oakwood Hill to climb, not 
long but much too steep to ride up or down, the surface being rather rough ; 
from the top the road is undulating but with indiiferent stony surface, 
keeping to the I. at the first two forks, and afterwards passing two sign-posts 
on the r., and by Rowhook, 35|. [There is another road turning to the /. 
just before the end of the Causeway and by Denne Bridge, 33, to Roman 
Turnpike, 36 ; it is very hilly, hut pretty good hard road.] 

Roman Tp. to Five Oaks Green (S^f— 39) ; here the old Roman 
Causeway recommences, and is a fairly good undulating road through 
Park Street, 37, and by Buckman's Corner, 38|. [There is another road 
by turning to the r. at Slaughter Bridge, 33^, on the Horsham road, p. 29, 
and through Warnham, 33f , and over Broadbridge Heath, 35j, to Five Oaka 
Green, .39j ; a good undulating road.] 



31 

Five Oaks G-reen to Billinghurst — ch. (1| — 40^) ; splendid road, 
chiefly down hill, with a pull up into Billinghurst. 

Billinghxirst to Pulborough — cli. (5 — 45|) ; through Adversane, 
42^, and Codmore Hill, 44^, is a splendid road, rather hilly, but with some 
fine stretches of level ground; steep hill to descend into and through 
Pulborough. 

{Pulborough: Railway; Swan, r^c. C.T.C.) 

Pulborough to Arundel — ch. (9| — 54^) ; at the bottom of the hill in 
Pulborough turn to r. and directly after to I. across B. Arun ; after a short 
level, there is a stiff hill to mount to Hardham, 46|, followed by a longer 
descent to Coldwaltham, 47|-, and then the road is undulating over Waters- 
field Common, through Watersfield, 48^, Bury T'p., 48f (where leave Stone 
Street Causeway), and Bury Common to Bury, 50^ ; from here a long steep 
ascent leads to the summit of Houghton hill, 51| (the descent of which in 
the reverse direction is dangerous, owing to a sharp turn to the I. near the 
bottom), and then there is a capital run, mostly down hill, alongside 
Arundel park, with a steep fall into tho toAvn. 

{Arundel: Castle; Norfolk Arms, C.T.C.\ Eailway.) 

At Bignor, 2 or 3?n. W. of Bury, are remains of Roman pavement and villa ; 
about Im. S.W., on the top of the Downs the line of the Stone Street Causeway 
reappears, and runs direct to Chichester. On top of Houghton Hill, 52^to., are 
some ancient earthworks. At Bury, on I., across E. Arun, is Amberley Castle. 
In Arundel Park, N. of the town, is Arundel Castle, founded in the ninth 
century ; it was partly ruined by the Parliamentarians, and was magnificently 
re'^tored by the late Duke of Norfolk; it is open to the public on Mondays and 
Fridays. Ancient Gothic cTi., containing many old monuments. 

Arundel to Littlehampton (3| — 58^); after crossing the River 
Arun, short rise out of Arundel, followed by another soon after, at the top 
of which turn to the r. and go down a long hill, then level through 
Leominster, 66^, and Wick Street, 67^, the road taking several turns. 

(^Littlehampton: Dolphin; Korfolk ; Terminus, r^^?. C.T.C.) 

LONDON TO TWICKENHAM. 

London, "Westminster Bridge (Surrey side) to Wandsworth 

(5) ; turn to r. along Albert Embankment to Vauxhall, 1, paved, then rough 
macadam with tramway along Wandsworth Eoad, all level to Lavender 
Hill, 3^, which is a short descent, followed by a longer rise (on r. Clapham 
Junction Station), and presently a stiff fall into Wandsworth ; the tramway 
ends at the top of the hill. 

[Or to Clapham, (3^) — p. 26 ; then keep to r. along the north side of 
Clapham Common, whence short sharp descent at Battersea Eise, with 
corresponding ascent after, and join the above road on r. on the top of the 
hill before Wandsworth, o|; ail macadam. 

Wandsworth to Richmond (5 — 10) ; stiff ascent out of Wandsworth, 
then (keeping to r.) almost level and rough macadam through Putney, *6, 
along Barnes Common, 7^, and through East Sheen, 8^. 

Richmond to Twickenham (1^—11^) : in Richmond turn first tor., 
then I, J and to I. again over Richmond Bridge (R. Thames), and fairly level, 
but still macadam to Twickenham . 



32 

SECTION III. 

From Hyde Park Corner*; South Western Roads (West 
Surrey, West Sussex, Hampshire, Dorset, Devon, 
Cornwall, Somerset, South Berkshire, South Wilts). 



LONDON TO CHICHESTER AND BOGNOE. 

London, Hyde Park Corner, to Putney Heath (5^) ; macadam 
road, very rough all the way, and generally wefc and greasy, through 
Knightsbridge, ^ (turn to I.), along Brompton road (at Im. turn again to I.), 
Fulham road through Brompton, AVest Brompton, 2, Walham Green, 2j, to 
Fulham, 3|, -whence cross River Thames to Putney, 4, out of "which is a 
stiff rough hill to mount. 

Putney Heath to Kingston — M.P. {4^ — 10); across the Heath the 
road is pretty good, and undulating with a long run down to the " Halfway 
House," 7, then beyond the " Eobin Hood " and Tp., at Kingston Bottom, 8, 
there is a steep and bad ascent followed by a long rough descent down 
Kingston hill to Norbiton, 9, whence it is all level, and macadam very rough 
and shaky into Kingston, where turn to I. before the ch. for M.F. 

[From Westminster Bridge there is another road via Meiion, 7^, p. 28; 
at the Double Grates keep straight on to the r., the road is level, but 
macadam for ^m. through Merton till past the level railway crossing; then 
along Combe Lane past Raynes Park, 9h, the surface improves, being 
gravel and flint, generally in good order, and still level to the bottom of 
Combe Hill, 10|^, which is a long and stiff ascent, shortly followed by a 
shorter but steeper fall down the other side (care should be exercised in 
taking either of these descents, as they are often loose and rough, witli 
turns in them) ; the rest is all but level, with good sui'face as far as 
Norbiton, 11|, where it joins the other road.] 

[Or from Riclimond, (10) — p. 31, turnmg first to I. and then to r., and a 
little farther is a sharp fall on r. to Petersham, 11, and thence level but 
bumpy through Ham, 11^, and across Ham Common, the last l^m. tolerable 
going, to Kingston, 13]. 

{Kingston: Bell; Griffin; The Sailors; Wliite Hart.) 

Before Kingston Hill, on r., Eichmond Park. On N. side of Kingston ch. ia 
tbe coronation stone of the Saxon kings. 

Kingston to Esher (4 — 14) is level except a gradual rise for the last 
^m.; the macadam continues through and out of Kingston to Ditton 
Marsh for about 3m., but for the latter half there is good riding at the 



• These roads can also be reached from the previous routes, as follows : — From Westminster 
Bridge to Clapham, 85, p. 26, thence along the north side of Clapham Common with a sharp 
descent at Battersea, then an ascent and fall again to Wandsworth, 5\, all macadam, very rough 
And bumpy; thence another s'ift' climb followed by long gradual rise with better surface to 
Putney Heath, 7i. Or from Westminster Bridge turn to r., and as on p. 31 to Wandsworth, 5, 
thence to Putney Heath as above, 6f . From London Bridge these routes can be joined— either 
>'o. 1 at Kennington Gate, 2m., p. 20 ; or No. 2, turning to r., im., past " Elephant and CastlQ," 
along Kennington Lane to Vauxhall, 2|to. 



33 

Bides, and the rest is fairly good and smooth, though sometimes heavy up 
the rise. 

At 12m. on r. to Thames Ditton (| — 12^). 

(Thames Bitton : Angel; Swan. — Esher : Bear; Marquis of Granby.) 

Before Esher, on r., Sandown racecourse. 

Esher to Ripley (7| — 21.f) ; the rise into Esher is continued through 
the village and is followed by a very stiff descent, then there is up and 
down hill twice — the last fall called Horseshoe-clump Hill — past Claremonfc 
Park and across Esher Common, with another stiff pull up to Fair Mile 
Common, exactly a mile across, as the name implies, and level running ; 
from the Fair Mile is a sharp but short drop, then a little level ground 
through Cobham Street, 17^ (where turn to r.), and after crossing the 
B. Mole, Pain's Hill has to be climbed, the steepest rise from Kingston to 
Guildford ; at the top take the left hand road and, except the rather steep 
fall of Red Hill entering Wisley Common about a mile further on, the 
remainder is an easy undulating road over Wisley Common ("The Hut" 
20) with a sharp drop entering Ripley. The surface is good and smooth all 
the way, except the rise to Fair Mile, and Red Hill descent, and across 
Wisley Common, which are often loose and heavy. Pretty scenery. 

Just before "The T^ut " a good road branches off on I. to Ockham 
(I5 — 21^) ; greatly freqiicuted by cyclists. 

(Cobham Street: White Lion, rec. C.T.C. — Ochliam : Hautboy and Fiddle, 
rec. C.T.C— Bi])ley : Anchor, red?. C.T.C. \ Talbot.) 

Beyond Esher, on L, Claremont Park. On Z., Pain's Hill Park; l^n. on r., on 
St. George's Hill, a large ancient entrenchaieiit ; before Eipley, ou I., Ockham 
Park. Im. N.W. of Ripley, on banks of li. Wey, are the ruins of Newaik 
Abbey. 

Ripley to Guildford— " White Hart "Inn (of— 27^) is a capital 
smooth and undulating road ; Guildford is paved, and there is a very steep 
descent down the High street, which should not be ridden without a 
powerful brake, though it can just be mounted by a good rider. 

(^Guildford: Angel; Central Dining Eooms ; Cannon; Ram; Stoke, C.T.C.\ 
White Hart ; White Horse ; White Lion. ) 

The road from Esher to Guildford is one of the finest near London, not 
only for the pretty and varied views of scenery it is bordered with, but also on 
account of the uniform goodness of its surface. Before Guildford, on r., Stoke 
Place. Guildford is the county town of Surrey. There are ruins of a Normau 
castle. St. Mary's is the oldest ch. j also Grammar School, Abbot's Hospital, 
Guildhall, &c. 

Guildford to Godalming (4— 31^) ; after crossing the bridge (E. 
Wey) turn to I. and there is an ascent out of Guildford up to St. Catherine's 
Hill, 28i-, then nearly level across Pease Marsh, 29f , but not at all a smooth 
or good'road ; Godalming is paved with round cobbles, and very jolty. 

(^Godalming : Angel ; King's Arms ; Railway ; West Surrey, reo. C.T. C.) 

On St. Catherine's Hill are remains of a decorated chapel, dating from 
Edward I.'s reign. 

Godalming to Haslemere (8J— 40) is a very hilly road ; beginning 
with a stiff rise out of Godalming it is up and down hill, chiefly the former, 
but nothing difficult through Milford, 33 (where keep to I. and \m, after to 
r.) to Brook Green or Street, 36^, then undulating and more downhill 
through Gray's Wood, 38J, and Gray's Wood Common ; pretty good surface* 

i^asleiiiere : White Horse, 6'. 216'.) 



34 

Haslemere to Midhurst (7| — 47|); steep hill to climb out of 
fiaslemere (dangerous to ride do^vll the other way on account of a sharp 
turn to the r. and another at the bottom to the I.) then fairly good and 
undulating road past Sussex Bells, 41, and over Friday Hill to Fernhurst, 
43, beyond Trhich is a long rise for nearly 2m. past Henly Green, 44^, to 
top of Henly Hill, followed by a long run down over JSTorth Heath and 
through Easebourn, 47, where tui-n sharp to r. 

(Midhurst: Angel; Eagle.) 

At Midhurst, on I., Cowdiy Park, in which are the ruins of Cowdry House, 
destroyed by fire 1793. 

Midhurst to Singleton (5| — bS\) : out of Midhurst is a stiff ascent 
up to Lavington Common, followed by a run down, then level to Cocking, 
50^, out of which (keeping to I.) there is a steep, long hill to climb and the 
road continues more or less on the rise to Smgleton. 

Singleton to Chichester — Market Cross (7 — 60i) ; taking the right 
hand fork in Singleton and again just outside the village, it is a good 
undulating road through West Dean, 54, to Binderton, 66, and thence 
doTNTihill or level through Mid Lavant, 68. [There is a more direct road 
by keeping to the I. at the fork outside Singleton and going over Rook's 
Hill and through East Lavant, o7, joining the other road ^m. further on ; 
it is half uphill and half down over Rook's HOI, the ascent of which on 
either side is very severe. It passes close by an ancient Beacon and earth- 
works, beyond which is GooQwood race-course and the Park.] 

(Chichester: Anchor, B.T.C; Dolphin; White Hoi'se.'^ 

At "West Dean, on I., Cannon Ho. ; on r. Binderton Ho. ; at Mid Lavant, on 
r., West Lavant I£o. ; 2m. on l. is Goodwood Park. Chichester was an important 
city in Roman times, and the walls, l^m. in extent, are supposed to be chiefly 
Eoman work. The town was besieged by the Parliamentarians in 16 i2. The 
cathedral was erected in the twelfth oentury, but has undergone frequent repairs, 
including a new tower, the old one having fallen in 1861. St. Mary's Hospital, 
Market Cross, Town Hall (part of a Grey Friars Monastery ch.), Bell Tower, St. 
Olave's ch., &c., &c. , 

Chichester to Bognor (7| — 68) ; in Chichester turn to Z., and out- 
side the city walls take middle of three roads, and then first on r. ; it is a 
level and very fair road by Merston Stream, 62|, Elbridge, 64:^, and South 
Berstead, 665, 

[Or to Arundel, 54^, p. 31, then to r. up a good ascent out of the town 
on the Chichester road, which follow for more than 2m., then turn to I., 
and through Walberton (end of), 57|, Yapton, 59.V, Felpham, 63^-, to Bognor, 
65.] 

{Bognor: Bedford, C.T.C.; Claremont ; Norfolk.) 

LONDON TO CHICHESTER (by Petworth). 

London to Godalming (31^)— p. 33. 

Godalming to Chiddingfold (6|— 38) ; stiff rise out of Godalming, 
and undulating through Milford (where keep to I. twice) with a steep uphill 
to mount to Witley, 35; from it is more or less downhill, in some parts 
rather steep, over Hambledon Heath and Hurst to North Bridge Tg., 37^. 

Gliiddingfold to Petworth (9—47) ; very hilly road over Oripplo 



35 

Crouch Hill, 40J (at the top keep to the l), through Fisher's Street, 41, 
North Chapel, 42, and over Head's Common, 44J. 

[There is another road to Pet worth by Billinghurst, 40^, p. 31 ; then 
turn to the r. over New Bridge, 41^ (just beyond keep to L), through 
Wisborough Green, 42|, Idehurst, 44^, Strood Green, 44|, and over 
Brinkshole Heath, 47^, to FetwoHli, 49^, very hilly.] 

(Petuiorth: Half Moon; Swan.) 

At Fisher's Street, a little on I., Shillinglee Park. Before Petworth, for l^m. 
on r., the road skirts Petworth Park, with its splendid mansion containing some 
fine paintings that can be seen on certain days. 

Petworth to Duncton — ch. (4^— 51f ) ; descent out of Petworth, then 
almost level, by Coultershaw Mill Tp., 49, cross B. Bother, and over 
Duncton Common. 

Before Duncton, on I., Burton Park. 

Duncton to Chichester — Cross (10^— 61|) ; steep winding ascent 
out of Duncton on to the South Downs (dangerous to ride down), followed 
by another hill beyond Upper Waltham, o3|, to Benge's "Wood, 54 ; then 
long downhill past North Wood to Halnaker, 58, and level through Maudlin, 
69|, and West Hampnet, 60;^, and entering Chichester by the East gate. 

[For Bognor turn to /. at entering Chichester, which will make it ^n 
shorter to Bognor, 69. There is also another road to Bognor by turning to 
I. beyond Benge's Wood p.ud through Eartham, 56|, Eastergate, 59^, 
Woodgate, 60^, Shripney, 62, and South Berstead, 63^, to Bognor, 65.] 
At Halnaker join the old Ptoman Stone or Stane Street Causeway. 

LONDON TO LITTLEHAMPTON (by Petworth). 

London to Petworth (47)— p. 34. 

Petworth to Fittleworth — ch. (3—50); in Petworth turn to L, and 
down a steep hill, followed by a long and very steep ascent with two or 
three sharp turns in it (dangerous to ride down) to climb, through Byworth 
Street, 48 (where keep to I.), and over Low Heath, Egdean Common, and 
Codmoor Hill, the road continues up and down hill, and requires careful 
riding. 

Fittleworth to Arundel — c/i. (8^—581) ; the descent from Codmoor 
Hill continues through Fittleworth and Lower Fittleworth, 50|, to Fittle- 
worth Bridge, 50| {R. Bother) whence almost level over Horncroft Com- 
mon to Bury Tp., 62f , where join the road from Pulborough, for remainder 
of which see p. 31. 

Arundel to Littlehampton (3| — 62) — p. 31. 

LONDON TO POETSMOUTH. 

London to Godalming (31|)— p. 33. 

Godalming to Liphook (12^—44) ; beginning with a stiff rise out 
of Godalming, it is up and downhill to Milford, 33 (where turn to r.), then 
there are a couple of stiff pulls over Mouse Hill, 33|, and Witley Common, 
with a good run down of about ^m. to the " Anglers' Rest," at the Hammer 
Ponds, 35| ; from here begins the long and severe ascent of over 2m. up 
Hind Head Hill, 39, the latter part of which is very steep, followed by a 

1)2 



36 

long run down for about 3m., over the Common and Cold Ash Down, 
passing by the "Eoyal Huts," and " Seven Thorns Inn," 41f, after which 
there are one or two sharp pulls before Liphook is reached ; good hard road. 

(Liphooh: Anchor; Royal Anchor, C.T.C.) 

From the top of Hind Head Hill the prospect is extensive and beautiful ; on 
r. is the deep dell of Hackham Bottom, commonly called Devil's Punch Bowl. 

Liphook to Petersfield — "Red Lion" (8^—52^) ; there are two or 
three stiff ascents, the last — G-ravel Hill — being rather severe, over Milland 
Common to and out of Eake, 47|^, then over Eake Down it is all downhill 
to Sheet Bridge, 51 : uneven surface to Eake, over the Common, and often 
very loose for first 5m., then good. 

[There is another way by going to Haslemere, 40, p. 33, and to the 
Sussex Bells, 41, just before which turn tor., and over Lynchmere Common, 
to the " Jolly Sailor " on Milland Common, l|»i. before Eake, 48^.] 

{Petersfield: Dolphin, 5. T.C. ; Bed Lion.) 

Petersfield to Horndean {1^ — 59|) ; soon after leaving Petersfield 
the ascent of Butser Hill has to be climbed, about 2m. long, and the last 
-^m. rather steep but very smooth ; from the top, 55, the road descends for 
a mile, and with one or two short rises is chiefly on the fall to Horndean ; 
good road. 

{Horndean : Ship and Bell.) 

Magnificent view from Butser Hill, 917 ft. highj on a clear day Salisbury 
Cathedral is visible 40w. distant. 

Horndean to Cosham (6 — 65|) ; at Horndean turn sharp to the r. 
up the hill, the road straight on going to Havant ; the road is undulating, 
and traverses the Forest of Bere to Purbrook, 63f , after which there is 
Portsdown Hill, 65, to mount, rather long and steep, the descent of which 
on the other side is rather steep and rough to Cosham. 

From Portsdown Hill capital views of Portsmouth, Southampton, and Isle of 
Wight are obtained ; eastward the spire of Chichester Cathedral is visible. On r, 
are three forts, and in front ruins of Porchester Castle in which is an ancient 
Saxon ch. 

Cosham to Portsmouth (4| — 70^-) is level, but, being mostly 
macadam, is bad and shaky, especially after crossing Portsea Bridge, 66^ ; 
tramway for last 2 m. 

(^Portsmouth: George, C.T.C; York and Pier. — Porf sea. ' Kepple's Head; Eojal 
Oak; Totterdell's. — Landport : Smith's Commercial; Sussex. — Southsea : Bush, 
C.T.C; Marine Mansion ; Pierj Portland; Queen's; Sussex.) 

Portsmouth, with its suburbs of Portsea, Landport, and Southsea, is the 
cliief naval station of Britain, containing a large dockyard and naval arsenal. 
There is a splendid land-locke "1 harbour, the whole being strongly fortified. The 
Bubui'b of Southsea is greatly resorted to as a watering-place. 

LONDON TO HAYLING. 

London to Horndean (o9|) — above. 

Horndean to Havant (4f^64|), through the Forest of Bere is a 
good road, slightly downhill ; keep to r. at St. John's, 62:j. 
{Havant: Bear; Dolphin, C.T.C; Star.) 



37 

Havant to Hayling (5 — 69J) ; the read soon crosses from the 
mainland to Hayling Island, and is very sandy and heavy all the way. 
{Hayling: Royal, JS.T.C.) 

LONDON TO GUILDFORD (by Leatherhead). 

London to Leatherhead (18^) — p. 29. 

Leatherhead to East Horsley (5^ — 24) ; keep straight on down 
the hill through Leatherhead, passing the Dorking road on I., and over the 
bridge {B. Mole) ; |m. farther on a long steep hill has to be climbed, 
generally covered with loose stones (and on the reverse jonmey should be 
descended with great care, but is best walked down) ; from the top the 
road is undulating to Groat Bookham, 20|, then up and down continually, 
but nothing difficult, through Great Effingham, 22J ; the surface is hard 
and smooth. [There is an easier road by turning to the r. at the foot of 
Leatherhead hill and through the pretty village of Fetcham, 19f, out of 
which is a short but stiff pull, then over a good undulating road through 
the lower end of Great Bookham, 20f, Little Bookham, 2H, to the lower 
end of Effingham, 22;^, where turn to the I. and join the other road at the 
top of the village ; ^m. longer.] 

{East Horsley : Duke of Wellington.) 

Before East Horsley, on r., Horsley Towers, the residence of the Earl of 
Lovelace. 

East Horsley to Guildford—" White Hart" Inn (6^—301) ; through 
West Horsley, 24|-, East Clandon, 26^, and Merrow, 283, the road is nearly 
all up and down hill, with good smooth surface. 

On r., Horsley Place, Hatchland Park, and Clandon Park. 

LONDON TO CHERTSEY. 

London to Kingston— 3I.P. (lO)--p. 32. 

Kingston to Hampton Court (If — llf) ; in Kingston keep straight 
on past the ch. and cross bridge over B. Thames, after which the macadam 
ends, and (bearing to the Z.) the road is level, but still rather rough and 
bumpy riding in the middle, passing the Lion Gates, 11^. 

{Hampton Court : Greyhound ; King's Arms ; Mitre.) 

Hampton Court Palace, built by Cardinal Wolsey, can be seen on- certain days. 
On r. is Bushey Park, famous for its avenue of chesnut trees. Hampton Court 
Green and Bushey Pai-k are the scene of the great annual " Hampton Court Meet " 
of metropolitan bicyclists. 

Hampton Court to Walton-on-Thames (4^ — 16) is level all the 
way ; at the Green keep to I. and cross B. Thames by Hampton Court 
Bridge, over a pretty fair road through East Moulsey, 12|- (where turn 
sharp to r.) and West Moulsey, 13|-, to Apps Court gates, 14, just beyond 
which turn to the o:, and the surface is very good and smooth past Apps 
Court Tavern, 15, at which, on coming the reverse direction the right hand 
road must be taken. [There is also another road by turning to the r. after 
crossing the river, and by the lanes and across Moulsey Hurst or Common to 
Apps Court Tavern, being the left hand road there on the reverse journey ; 
level and good but sometimes sandy. Or follow the Esher road as on p. 32 



S8 

for 2m. beyond Kingston, then take first turn on r. fhrough Thames Ditton, 
12| (where keep to r. and then to I.), and it is a level and g-ood road except 
a level railway crossing and a ford across B. Mole, which is rideable on right- 
band side, then turn to r. to East Moulsej, 13^.] 

(East Mouhey: Bell, r^-*?. C.T.C.; Carnarvon Castle; Duke's Head.^5^w£?^ 
Ditton: Angel ; Swan.— Walt o/i- on- Thames: Crown : Duke's Head : Swan, C.T.C.'- 
White Hart.) ' - ; » , 

Walton-on-Thames to Chertsey (5 — 21) ; in ^Walton turn to ?•., 
then to Z., and again to I. just before the bridge, ard a good undulating 
road runs through Oatlands Park, at the end of whicfi keep to r., and then 
— instead of straight down the hill which only leads to the riverside — to 
the Z. into Weybridge, 18; through "VYeybridge, at the guide-post, keep 
to the r., and having crossed two bridges the remainder is level, except a 
stiff hill, up and down, about halfway. On the whole very good road, 
but in places near the rirer, where liable to be flooded, it is sometimes rather 
sandy. cy^^^i^ 

{Weyhridge / Hand and Spear; Lincoln Arms; Queen's Head; Ship, C.T.C.— 
O^kU-Kf-Chertsey : Chertsey Bridge ; Railway ; Swan, B.T.C.) 

' Just below Walton Bridge are Cowey Stakes, where Csesar is supposed 

to have crossed the B. Thames. At Chertsey are some traces of a Benedictine 
monastery, founded %&^ ; here is Cowley Ho., an Elizabethan mansion, in which 
the poet Cowley died, 1667. From St. Ann's Hill, 1?/^. beyond Chertsey, St. Paul's 
Cathedral and Westminster Abbey are \'isible. 

LONDON TO CHERTSEY (by Shepperton). 

London to Hampton Court (Hi)— p. 37. 

Hampton Court to Sunbury — cli. (3i — 15) ; keeping to the r. along 
the Green the road is level all the way, generally sandy and heavy to 
Hampton, 12f, just beyond which turn to I. by the waterworks, and for 
nearly a mile the road is narrow and rather rutty and rough, and then 
pretty good to Sunbury, but apt to get loose in dry weather and very 
heavy in wet weather. 

{Sunbury : Flowerpot ; Magpie ; Weir.) 

Sunbury to Chertsey. — (4^ — 19^) through Lower Halliford,16|-, (just 
beyond keep to I.) and Shepperton, 17:^, is a good level road, though in dry 
weather apt to be rather loose in places, especially beyond Shepperton 
where it is frequently loose and shingly. About a mile beyond Sunbury a 
brook crosses the road, but is fordable in dry weather. Cross over Chertsey 
Bridge. 

Or to "Walton-on-Thames, 16, p. 37, whence cross over E. Thames by 
Walton Bridge to Lower Halliford, 17^; good road.] 

(Halliford : Ship. — Shepperton : Anchor.) 

This is a very pretty ride in summor. 

LONDON TO LYMINGTON. 

London to GuHdford— " Wnite Hart" Inn (27^)— p, 33. 

Guildford to Farnham (lOi — 37f) ; iust after crossing the bridge 
(E. Wey), at the bottom of the hill in Guildford, turn off sharp to the r. in 
a narrow street, which directly after bears to the I. again, and then there 
is an ascent for over 2m. leading up to the Hog'3 Back, the first part too 



39 

steep to ride down except with great care, but the rest is rideable either 
waj ; on reaching the top there is a splendid level road for about om. along 
the crest of the Hog's Back, which is a narrow straight ridge running nearly- 
due west, and the last Sm. are more or less downhill into Farnham. 

The usual main route from London is by Brentford, Staines, and 
Bagshot, to Farnham, 38|-, p. 52 ; the G-uildford route is shorter and better. 

{Farnham: Bush; Lion; Lion and Lamb.) 

AboTjt 2m. S.E. of Farnham, on the banks of the River Way, is Waverley 
Abbey. At Farnham the castle, now the residence of the Bishop of Winchester. 

Farnham to Alton (9| — 47); a little out of Farnham keep to the r., 
and there is a gentle rise to Bentley Green, 41f , then slightly undulating 
through Froyle, 44, and Holybourne, 45f ; very good smooth road. 

{Alton: Butcher's Arms; Crown; Duke's Head; Matchwick's; Eailwayj 
Royal Oak ; Swan.) 

Alton to Alresford (9| — 56f ) ; level to Chawton, 48^, whore take the 
right hand road, and there is a long stiffish climb of 2^ to 3m., but nowhere 
at all steep, to the White Horse Inn at Medstead Station ; then a short run 
down and a similar up are followed by a rather steep fall, which should be 
taken carefully as the road has two or three sharp turns in the middle, nearly 
to Eopley Stoke, 52|, past which there is a gradual run down through 
Eopley Dean, 54|-, to Bishop's Sutton, 55|, and the rest is level to Alresford ; 
good surface. 

(Alresford : Swan.) 

Alresford is a pretty old-fashioned town; the streams in the neighbourhood 
abound in trout. About 2m. S.W. are Tichborne village find Ho. 

Alresford to Winchester (7| — 64^) ; over Seward's Bridge, 57f, is 
a first-rate hard and smooth road, but very hilly ; there is very little level 
ground, but the hills are not long or difficult either way, except the danger- 
ously steep and crooked descent of Morn Hill into Winchester, which 
should be walked down; on the top of the hill on I. is a B.U. "Danger " 
board ; at first the fall is moderate, then suddenly becoming steep the road 
turns sharp to Z., shooting for 300 or 400 yards down the side of the hill, 
which rises in an almost precipitous cliff above the R. Itchen, and commands 
a splendid view of the town, the descent ending with another sharp turn to 
r. into the town ; the surface is not very smooth: through Winchester is 
macadam and rough,and there is a sharp rise through the town. In Win- 
chester bells are compulsory. [In order to avoid the hilly road from Alres- 
ford to Winchester, at the bottom of the descent about ^m. out of Alresford. 
take the road to r. by the railway, running along the Itchen valley and 
through the villages of Itchen Abbots, Martyr Worthy, and Abbots Worthy 
and falling into the Basingstoke road 2m. north of Winchester; this is 
about 1^. farther round but not hilly, though inclined to be rough in 
places ; pretty country.] 

( Winchester : Black Swan ; Eagle ; George ; Royal.) 

At Winchester two of the Roman gates are said to be still remaining. It wag 
besieged and dismantled by Cromwell, and the castle (founded by William the 
Conqueror) blown up, only the foundations of it being visible ; in the cathedral, 
part of which was erected 980, are the bones of Alfred the Great, Canute, 
William Rufus, and many Saxon kings, besides various ancient monuments, &c. 
Other buildings are St. Mary's College (built by William of Wykeham), Hospita] 
of St. Cross, Museum, &c. On St. Catherine's Hill, Im. S.E., are remains of fortifica' 
tiona and entrenchments, and vestiges of the great Roman road to Forchester. 



40 

'W'inchester to Southamptou (12—761) ; in "Wincliester ttim to Z., 
fend for a short distance past the abbey or Hospital of St. Cross, 65|, the 
road is level, then begins a long gradual rise followed after a little level by 
a long descent to Compton, 67, thence undulating to Otterbourn, 69, out of 
■which is a severe hill to mount ; after that it is almost level past Half-way 
House to Chandler's Ford Bridge, 71, beyond which is a short stiff rise ; 
the next 2^. are rather hilly but nothing difficult, and the last dm. are 
downhill; tolerably good going all the way, in many parts very good; 
tramway in Southampton and macadam streets. On the milestones about 
here Winchester is called " Winton," and Southampton " Southon." 

(Southampton: Alexandra, -ff^rs. ; Bedford; Canute; Cliff; Crown, B.T.C.; 

Dolphin : Dock ; Flowers, temp. ; Fountain ; Imperial ; Railway ; South Western • 
Star; Sun. — West £nd : Swan.) 

At Otterbourn, on r., Cranbury Ho. ; 2m. past Chandler's Ford Bridge, on Z,, 
Stoneham Park. Southampton is an important seaport and steam packet station. 
There are remains of the old walls still left, and one of the old gates — Bargate. 
About dm. S,E. are the ruins of Netley Abbey. 

Southampton to Totton (3f — 80 j) ; instead of going into the town, 
fciirn off to r. and through suburb of "West End (just beyond keep to I.) for 
the Lyndhursfc road, which is a dead level through Milbrook, 78|, and 
Bedbridge, 79f , and after getting clear of the town of Southampton is a 

f^retty good road ; part of the way it skirts the top of Southampton Water. 
There is a short cut from the Winchester road to Milbrook, striking off to 
r. 2 or Zm. before Southampton and going across country through Shirley, 
situate in a valley, into and out of which are rather stiff and loose descent 
and ascent, otherwise nearly level and a good road : distance about 3»i.] 
In Totton is a level railway crossing. 

Totton to Lyndhnrst (5^ — 85f) ; turning to Z. in Totton it is a very 
fair level road to bottom of Houndsdown Hill, 82|-, which is a good stiff 
ascent, then after a gradual slope to past the level railway crossing at 
Lyndhurst Boad Station, 82f , where it enters the iN'ew Forest, the remainder 
is a capital undulating road to Lyndhurst, at the entrance of which instead 
of going through the village turn to I. for the Brockenhurst road. 

(Lyndhurst : Crown ; Railway ; Stag's Head.) 

Pretty scenery through the New Forest. At Lyndhurst c/i. there is a beautiful 
altar fresco by Sir F. Leighton, E.A. King's ITo. and King's stables. 

Lyndhurst to Brockenhurst (3|— 89^) ; a capital easy road through 
the New Forest, on the rise for some distance, then presently a little 
downhill, and the latter half level : railway crossing in Brockenhurst. 

Brockenhurst ch. is partly Saxon ; near to is Wutcombe Ho. 

Brockenhurst to Lymington (5— 94^) ; through Batramsley, 91 f, 

is rather hilly, but nothing difficult either way ; not quite so good surface 

as the last stage : pretty scenery. 

(Lymington : Angel; Nag's Head ; Londesborough, ^.T.C.) 

Past Lyndhurst, on r., Cuffnels ; at Brockenhurst, on I., Brockenhurst Park. 

At Lymington is good bathing. About 3?)i. S. is Hurst Castle, built by Henry VIII. ; 

Charles I. was confined here, 

LONDON TO LYMINGTON (by Beaulieu). 

Iiondon to Southampton (76^) — above; in Southampton, keep 
straight through the town. 



41 

Southampton to Hythe (2— 78^) ; cross Southampton "Water "by 

ferry. 

{Hyihe : Drummond Arms.) 

Hythe to Beaulieu (4^—83) ; long rise over Beanlieu Heath to Hill 
Top, 82 : splendid road. 

At Beaulieu are remains of a Cistercian abbey, founded 1201; also of a 
Hospital of Knights Templars. About 6m. E., or 4/>». S. of Hjthe, is Calshot 
Castle. 

Beaulieu to Lymington (6^— 89|); through Hatchet Gate, 84>, 
across Beaulieu Heath, and by Newtown Park, 87|, is a splendid road, with 
no difficult hills. 

LONDON TO PORTSMOUTH (by Farnliam). 

London to Farnham (37|)— p. 38. 

Farnham to Petersfield (17— 54f) ; turn to Z. just out of Farnham, 
and through Alice Holt or Alder Holt AVood, Woolmer Forest, Greatham, 
48|-, and Lyss, 50, is a good road with no difficult hills. 

Petersfield to Portsmouth (18^—73)— p. 36. 

LONDON TO GOSPORT. 

London to Alton (47)— p. 39. 

Alton to Filmer Hill (9 — 56) : level and very good through Chaw- 
ton, 48^ (keep on to I.), Farrington, 50, and East Tisted, 51|-, then a gradual 
ascent for about 2m. past Basing Park and the Devil's Jump, with a steep 
fall at Filmer Hill, quite safe to ride down. 

Beyond Chawton, on L, Chawton Ho. At East Tisted, on r., Eotlierfield Ho 
and Park. Near Filmer Hill, on I., Basing Park. 

Filmer Hill to Corhampton (6—62) ; a long rise past the Hut, 
57^ (where the Winchester and Petersfield road crosses) nearly to West 
Meon, 68|, into and through which there is a stiff long hill down that 
requires to be ridden carefully, as the road turns sharp to the r. and then to 
the I. about halfway down ; after that tlie road is all that can be desired, 
tln-ough Warnford, 60, and Exton, 61^, mostly on a slight decline. 

At Warnford, on I., Belmont, in the grounds of which are ruins of an old 
mansion called King John's House. At Exton, 2m. on I., a Eoman camp. At 
Corhampton, 1 or 2m. on Z, is Old Winchester Hill, 900 ft. high, from which the 
Isle of Wight is visible ; many tumuli on the top. 

Corhampton to Cold Harbour Tg. (6^—68^) ; an easy uphill out 
of Corhampton, then a steep rough descent into Droxford, 63 1, and a corre- 
sponding hill to mount out of it ; after that is a long run down, in parts 
rather steep, till about 2m, past Hill Pound Inn, 65f , followed by a long 
rise and a gradual but rough descent to the junction of the road from 
Bishop's Waltham, |w. beyond Cold Harbour Tg.; for the last om. the road 
traverses Waltham Chase ; capital surface. 

Cold Harbour Tg. to Fareham (4—72^) ; good easy road, except 
a bad hill to mount out of Wickham, 69. 

{Fareham: Bugle; Golden Lionj King's Arms; Railway; Red Lion j Eoyal 
Oak, £.T.a i White Hart.) 



42 

WickliaTn ch. contains several ancient monuments. On r. Park Place, Im. 
before Fareham, on I., is Eoche Court, a mansion nearly 700 years old. Beyond 
Fareham, on I., Cams Hall. Before Fareham, on I., on Portsdown Hill, is Nelson's 
monument. 

Fareham to Gosport (5^ — 78) : in Fareham turn to r., and a little 
after to I., and it is a good road through Brockhurst Tp., 75|, and 
Forton, 77. 

From Gosport cross by ferry to Portsmouth. Through Gosport to Stokes 
Bay is 2m. farther. Beyond Gosport, Haslar Hospital and Fort Monkton. 

LONDON TO SOUTHAMPTON (by Botley). 

London to Cold Harbour Tg. (68|)— p. 41. 

Cold Harbour Tg. to Botley (3^— 71f): follow the Fareham road 
for fm., then turn to r., and it is a good but rather hilly road over Curbridge 
Common to Botley. 

i£otiey : Railway.) 

Botley to Southampton {61 — 78^) ; long rise out of Botley, then 
(keeping to I.) pretty level through Bittern, 76, and over J^ortham Bridge, 
77:5 ; capital road. If intending to get to the New Forest road through 
Totton, this road from Northam Bridge runs straight into it, through the 
upper part of Southampton. Beturning, just before Bittern keep to I. 

This is a better road to Southampton than that through Bishop's 
Waltham. 

Bittern was the Roman Clausentnm, and Roman remains have been found 
here. 

LONDON TO SOUTHAMPTON (by Bishop's Waltham). 

London to Filmer HiH (56)— p. 41. 

Pilmer Hill to Bishop's Waltham (8|— 64|) ; at Filmer Hill turn 
to r., and follow the old coach road. [There is also another road, through 
Corhampton, 62, p. 41 ; then turn to r. for Bishop's Waltham, 65^.] 

(Bishop's Waltham : Crown.) 

At Bishop's Waltham are remains of a castle or palace, built by the brother 
ol King Stephen, Bishop Henry de Blois, but demolished in the Civil War. 

Bishop's Waltham to Botley (3^—68^) ; out of Bishop's Waltham 
take the right hand road, joining the Droxford road on Cui^bridge Common. 

Botley to Southampton (6^— 74f )— above. M 

LONDON TO CHRISTCHURCH. 

London to Lyndhurst (85|) — p 40. 

Lyndhurst to Holmesley Station (6^ — 92|) ; entering Lyndhurst 
keep to r. up the village, and a little past the ch. turn to the Z., it is rather 
hilly through the middle of the ISTew Forest by Allum Green, 87J, and 
Btlackwater Bridge, 89g ; the road is good for a mile, then it becomes bad 
for the rest of the stage, being chiefly covered with loose sand and gravel, 
which makes riding heavy work, especially up the hills. [The old road 



43 

used to pass a little to tlie I. by New Forest Gate and Rhinofield Lodge, S9^, 
to Wilverley Bridge just past Holmesley Station.] 

The country is wild and bleak, but it is only at intervals that the timber 
tjomes close up to the road ; very often the ground on either side is open, or 
covered with furze or bush. 

Holmesley Station to Christehurcli (7 — 99J); the surface now 
improves again, and after ascending a hill beyond the bridge the road is 
level and tolerable going to Hinton, 96|^ (before which the Forest ends), 
from here is an easy run down, and the last 2in. are level and very good 
into Christchurch ; heavy going in wet weather. 

(Christchurch : Antelope; King's Arms; Newlyn's ; Ship, i?.T.C.) 
At Christchurch are remains of an Augustine priory, founded in early Saxon 
times. The ch. contains some curious monuments. Near the tewn are Heron 
Court and Laudhills ; also remains of a camp and entrenchments, and several 
tumuli. 

LONDOK TO POOLE AND BOURNEMOUTH. 

London to Totton (80^)— p. 40. 

Totton to Cadnam (4^ — 84|) ; in Totton keep straight on, and it is 
an undulating road vnth very gentle gradients. 
(Cadnam : Sir John Barleycorn ; White Hart.) 

Cadnam to Ringwood (11^ — 96^) ; the road now enters the New 
Forest, taking the left hand fork just out of Cadnam ; asceat for ^m., rather 
steep at the top but smooth surface, and shortly after is another rise, then 
a long fall, the latter part of which is very stony and steep to Stoney Cross, 
87; this is followed by another long ascent, smooth and not so steep, on the 
top of which are long stretches of nearly level ground with good surface 
for about 4m., then another descent and a long rise again to the toll-})ar at 
Picked Post, 93|, whence it is slightly downhill into Kingwood ; some parts 
of the road are generally rather loose in dry weather. 

(Ringwood : Crown; White Hart, -B.T. 6'.) 

At Stoney Cross, on r., is E-afus Stone, commemorating the death of William 
Rufus. 

Ringwood to New Bridge (4| — 100^); cross Eiver Avon, and keep- 
ing first to r., then to I. at Ashley Cross, 96|, just past the railway, the surface 
continues good for a mile, then rough and rutty over St. Leonard's Bridge, 
99|, to New Bridge ; there is only one hill to speak of, which is short but rough. 

New Bridge to Poole (8 J — 108J) ; keep to the Z. and it is an undulat- 
ing very good road, but a little loose in places over Parley Common, through 
Long Ham, 103^ (cross E-iver Stour), thence over Canford Heath and 
through Parkstone Green, 107. 

Past Long Ham there is branch road to Bournemouth, turning to f. 
through Kinson or Kingston, 104 J, then capital road to Winton, and 
rather roagh to top of Richmond hill, which is a stiff descent into Bourne- 
mouth, about 6m. in all. 

{Poole: Antelope; Crown; Furmage's ; London, B.T.C. — Bournemouth : Bathj 
Bellevue; Grand; Hickson's; Newlyn's; Pembroke, ^. T. C. ; Stewart, Family.) 

At Long Ham, on I., an ancient entrenchment called Dudsbury Camp. In 
Poole Harbour, on Brownsea Island, Brownsea Castle. Bournemouth has sprung 
np as a watering-place during the last twenty years ; i*" bas a very mild cliiaat©, 
and is a winter resort for invalids. 



44 

LONDON TO WEYMOUTH. 

London to New Bridge (lOOJ)— p. 43. 

New Bridge to "Wimborne Minster (5 J — 105|) ; keep to r. beyond 
New Bridge, and it is an easy road as to hills, but the surface is rather 
rough and sandy to within dm. of Wimborne. 

(Wimhorne Minster : Crown; Griffin; King's Arms, B.T.C. ; King's Head; 
Laing's, ^.r.C ; Railway.) 

At Wimborne Minster the ch. is mainly Saxon, Evnd here Ethelred, brother of 
King Alfred, was buried. About 3w. N.W. of Wimborne, on the Blandford road, 
rs Badbury Rings, an ancient British hill fortress of great extent. 

Wimborne Minster to Lytchett Minster (7| — 113) ; in "Wimborne 
Minster turn sharp to I. and follow the Poole road for ^ beyond Bushels 
Mill, 110, to which it is rather hilly but easy riding, then turn to r. through 
the toll-gate and over the railway bridge (bicyclists coming the contrary 
direction should beware of this gate), then undulating for \\m. to a second 
toll-gate and the rest level ; first rate smooth road. 

[There is another route by following the Poole road through Neio 
Bridge to 3ot. beyond Long Ham, 103|, p. 43, then turn to r. and strike 
across to the Poole and Wareham road, 107|, and follow it to the toll-gate 
near Bushels Mill, 108^ (where turn to I.), shortening the distance to 
Lytchett Minster to 111^. 

Or just before entering Poole turn to the r. and follow the Wareham 
road to the toll-gate, then to Lytchett Minster, 113, as above.] 

Lytchett Minster to Wareham (4f— 117|) ; just beyond Lytchett 
Minster keep to I. and it is almost level and a pretty good road over King's 
Bridge, 113f , and Gore Heath. 

( Wareham: Black Bear; Red Lion, B.T.C.) 

Wareham is supposed to have been the site of a British town, and afterwards 
of a Roman station ; it is surrounded on three sides by a high rampart of earth 
of Saxon origin. In St. Mary's ch. is a Saxon chapel, supposed to have been the 
burial-place of the early Saxon kings. 

Wareham to Wool Bridge (6 — 123f) ; in Wareham turn to r., and 
through Stoke Green or Stokeford, 121|-, is a good road but rather uphill. 

At Wool Bridge, on I., are the remains of Bindon Abbey, founded 1172. 3m. 
S. is Lulworth Castle, a splendid residence. 

Wool Bridge to Warmwell Cross (6| — 130^) ; the road continues 
chiefly level till past Portway, 126|, then gradually becoming more 
undulating toward Warmwell Cross. 

Warmwell Cross to Weymouth (5^ — 135f) ; take the left hand 
road for Poxwell, 131i, through which is a long run down with one short 
break to Osmington, 132| ; out of this is a very stiff pull, the road crossing 
a big hill (from the top of which Weymouth and Portland Isle are visible), 
with a long rather winding descent down the other side, the last bit rather 
steep, into Preston, 133i-, and the rest is almost level into Melcombe Regis, 
135j, skirting the shore of Weymouth Bay; good road. 

(Weymouth: Burdon; Crown, ^.T.C.; Golden Lion; London; Marine; Queen's.) 
On the hill, N.W. of Preston, is an old circular earthwork called Charlobury. 
Weymouth, with its twin town of Melcombe Regis, is a fashionable watering- 
place, pleasantly situated, and with some fine buildings and esplanade. Tliere is 



45 

the modem fort, Sandsfoot Castle (built by Henry VIII., but now in ruins), Port- 
land Isle, with convict prison, the Verne Citadel, ruins of Eufus Castle, Bow-and- 
Arrow Castle, Pennsylvania, Quarries, &c. About 9m. W., near the end of the Chesil 
Bank, is Abbotsbury, where are ruins of the old abbey, of St. Catherine's Chapel, 
^ and Abbotsbury Castle ; here is also the Swannery. A little more N., near 
Portisham, is a Druidical cromlech, and on Blagdon Hill the Hardy monument, 

LONDON TO SWANAGE. 

London to Wareham (117f)— p. 44 

Wareham to Corfe Castle (4— 121|) ; througli Stowborough, llSh 
is a tolerably good road, with one or two moderate hills ; Corfe is entered 
by a very steep ascent, on which are several deep cross-ruts, and it is 
hardly safe to ride down as the road twists about. 

Corfe, or Corfe Castle, is a very ancient town. The castle, now in ruins, 
from which it derives its name, was founded by King Edgar, and was a residence 
of the Saxon kings j it was of great strength, and was dismantled by the 
Parliamentarians. 

Corfe Castle to Swanage (6— 127|) ; there are two roads, the upper 
and the lower; from the little square in Corfe take the left hand road, and 
■ at the bifurcation just outside the town keep to r. for the upper road which 
is nearly all uphill to Kingston, 123|, then (turning to I.) downhill through 
Langton Matravers, 125f, a very bad road, and in wet weather slippery 
and dangerous riding : for the lower road, which is nearly a mile shorter, 
keep to I. just outside the town, and after mounting a short but very steep 
rise (some 60 or 70 yards) it rapidly deteriorates, being but a narrow, 
rough, and rutty lane; scon after there are several nasty ascents and 
descents, the surface being very bad and with the least wet slippery and 
greasy, till the upper road is joined hn. before Swanage ; into and through 
the town is a narrow winding descent, too steep to be ridden doT^^l. 

[Instead of either of the above routes, a better one will be found by 
turning to I. in front of the castle and not going through the town ; the 
roads run along the north side of Nine Barrow Down, passing Rempston 
House, and is rather hilly for 3 or 4m., then leaving Studland Bay on the 
l. turn to r. over the hill, and there are two short but steep pitches to walk 
down, gates being at the bottom, and the rest is more or less downhill 
through TJlwell to Swanage, but should be ridden very carefully ; capital 
smooth gravel surface ; distance about 6m.'] 

(Swanage : Anchor ; Purbeck.) 

This district is called the Isle of Purbeck, and is noted for the Purbeck stone 
which is largely quarried. 

LONDOH TO CADNAM (by Romsey). 

London to Wincliester (64|)— p. 39. 

Wincliester to Hnrsley — ch. (4| — 69) ; leaving Winchester by West- 
gate there is a steep unrideable hill a mile long to climb out of the town, 
and afterwards it is a hilly but good hard road by Pitt Pond, 66^, and 
Standen, 68. 

On r. Hursley Park, once the property of Eichard Cromwell. 

Hursley to Romsey — F.O. (6 — 75) ; ^n. out of Hursley keep to r. and 



46 

through Amfield, 71|, the road conLinues hilly, the hills being short but 
steep, and there is a long descent into E-omsey ; good gravel road, but after 
rain heavy. 

(Bomsey : Market Inn; White Horse, B.T.C.) 

Romsey ch. was formerly part of a Benedictine monastery, founded by King 
Edgar, and contains some fine monuments, &c. On S. Broadlands. 

Romsey to Ower or Oux Bridge (2| — 77f) ; after crossing B. Test 
keep to I., and \ m. out of Romsey there is a steep hill to walk up, then a 
good undulating road by Ranvild's Gate, 76|. 

Ower Bridge to Cadnam (3 — 80f) ; at the bifurcation a little 
beyond Ower Bridge keep to r., over Shorne Hill Common; undulating at 
first, then it becomes fah*ly level ; good surface. 

LONDON TO LAND'S END. 

London (Hyde Park Corner) to Hounslow (9|) ; through Knights- 
bridge, \, Kensington, 1^, Hammersmith, 4, Turnham Green, 6, Brentford, 
7, and Smallbury Green, 9, is level but a macadamised road, lumpy and 
greasy most of the way, with heavy traffic ; at the beginning of Kjiights- 
bridge, and in Kensington and Hammersmith are sections of wood pavement. 

(Hotunslow : Palmerston). 

Past Brentford, a little on I., Sion Ho. ; across River Thames, Kew Gardens. 

Hounslow to Staines 61 — 16^) ; in Hounslow at the two bifurcations 
keep first to r. and after to I. ; past the Powder Mills, llf , and through 
Bedfont, 13j, is a good and almost level road, but sometimes sandy. 

(Staines: Angel; Angel and Crown ; Jolly Farmer j Crooked Billet j Pack, 
horse ; Railway ; Swan). 

Staines to Virginia Water (4^ — 21) after crossing B. Thames there 
is a very sandy bit of road, quite level, into Egham, 18, out of which is the 
long and stiff ascent ©f Egham Hill to mount, then it is fairly level for a 
mile, followed by a long run down to Yu-ginia Water ; good smooth road, 
but apt to be loose and sandy at times. 

(Egham: Packhorse, — Sunning dale : Sunningdale.) 

At Egham, Im. N., are Magna Charta Island and Runnymead. At Virginia 
Water, on r., Windsor Great Park. 

Virginia Water to Bagshot (5^—26^); long rise from Virginia 
Water, then an undulating road by Shrub's Hill, 22, and Broomhill Hut, 
23, where is a level railway crossing ; tolerably good road but sometimes 
loose and sandy. 

[There is another road to Bagshot by Weyhridge, 18, p. 38 ; about Im. 
further turn to I., and crossing the railway at a level go through Addlestone, 
19 1, to Ottershaw, 21, here take the third road from the r., past Ottershaw 
Park, keeping twice to r. and twice to I. through Chobham, 24|, (turn to r.) 
Burrow Green, 25, where turn to I., then next to r., and to I. at Westley 
Green, 26^, and through Windlesham, 27\, (where keep first to r. and then 
to Z. twice) to Bagshot, 29; sharp descent before Ottershaw, loose and 
Rtoney ascent and descent past Ottershaw Park and sharp stony descent 
into Windlesham, otherwise fairly level and good i*oad.] 

Bagshot: Cricketers' Arms ; Fighting Cocks ; King's Arms, S.T.C) 

At Broomhill Hut, a little on I., is a large ancient entrenchment. Im. befcrt» 
Bagshot, on I., Kail Grove ; further on, on r., Bagshot Park. 



47 

Bagshot to Blackwater (4| — 30|): out of Bagshot a couple of 
ascents, the latter rather steep and rough towards the top, lead up to the 
" Jolly Farmer," 2 7|, (formerly the " Golden Farmer ") on Chobham Eidges ; 
here take the right hand fork, and after a mile or so of undulating road it 
is downhill into York Town, 29|, and rest level ; capital smooth road ; level 
railway crossing in Blackwater. 

(Yor/cTown: Duke of Yovk.^ Blackwater : Red Lion; Swanj White Hart, 
B.T.C.) 

The curious obelisk or tower on the I. is said to be visible from Hampstead 
Heath. At York Town, on r., Eoyal Military College. 

Blackwater to Hartley Row (5f — 36^) ; there is a long stiff ascent 
an leavmg Blackwater, then the road is level or slightly undulating for 
about 4i)n. over Yateley Heath and Hartford Bridge Flats, from which there 
is a rather steep descent to Hartford Bridge, 35|, and then level ; splendid 
smooth road. 

{Hartley Row : White Lion.) 

Hartley Row to Basingstoke (9— 45|) ; a mile past Hartley Kow 
keep to r. ; through Murrell Green, 38^, Hook, 39|-, Hook Common and 
!>Tapledurwell Hatch, 42f, is an undulatmg road, but no difficult hills ; good 
smooth surface. 

{Basingstohe : Angel; Blackboy; Feather; Eed Lion ; Wheatsheaf, ^.T.C.) 
2m. before Basingstoke, on r., the ruins of Basing So., celebrated for its 
brave defence for two years against the Parliamentarians. N. of Basingstoke, just 
outside the town, are the ruins of the Holy Ghost Chapel. 

Basingstoke to Popham Lane (5| — 51); leaving Basingstoke keep 
to I. ; good road but some long hills over Basingstoke Down. 
About 3m. beyond Basingstoke, on I., Kempghot Mo. 

Popham Lane to Sutton Scotney (8 — 59) ; take the right hand 
road, it is hilly but good going. 

Sutton Scotney to Stockbridge (7| — 66|) ; across Barton Down, 
by L«ckf ord Hutt, 63, and AVorlby Hill, 65 ; long descent into Stockbridge. 
{Stockbridge: Grosvenor Arms, -5.T.C ; Vine.) 

Stockbridge to Lobcombe Corner (6| — 73i) ; in Stockbridge 
turn to r., steep hill out of the town, and then rather hilly and not a good 
road, rather rough and heavy in wet weather, very open and exposed road. 

Lobcombe Corner to Salisbury (7|— 81) ; past The Pheasant Inn 
or Winterslow Hut, 74|, the road continues very hilly, some of the ascents 
being rather steep, and the surface is very rough and stony for 5m., then 
mostly downhill and fair going over St. Thomas's Bridge (River Bourne), 79. 

(Salisbury : Angel; Crown; Four Swans; Plume of leathers; Eed Lion, 
B.T.C; Shoulder of Mutton; Three Swans ; White Hart.) 

3m. past Winterslow Hut, on r., a large entrenchment called Clorus' Camp. 
Salisbury was founded in the early part of the thirteenth century, consequent 
upon the removal of the cathedral from Old Sarum, of which the remains, now 
uninhabited, are still to be seen on the hill 2m. N. of Salisbury. The present 
cathedra], founded 1220, and recently restored, is one of the most elegant in Eng- 
land, and is rich in sepulchral monuments. About 4m. W. of Salisbury, the ruins 
of Clarendon Castle, where were framed the famous " Constitutions of Claren- 
don" in the reign of Henry II. 2 or 3m. more S. is Longford Castle, containing 
a splendid collection of pictures. About 8m. N. of Salisbuiy, on tho Plain, is 
the celebrated Druidical temple of Stonehenge. 



48 

Salisbury to Barford St. Martin (6 — 87) ; in Salisbury ask for the 
"Wilton road, keeping to l. opposite the gaol in the suburb of Fisherton, 81^, 
it is a nearly level and good road through Fugglestone or Foulstone, 83f 
(where turn to I. and cross Eiver Avon), Wilton, 84|, Ugford, 85:^, and 
Burcombe, 85f . 

{Wilton : Pembroke Arms.) 

On I. Wilton B^o., where Sir Philip Sydney wrote his " Arcadia." At Barford, 
on r., Hurdcott So. 

Barford St- Martin to Shaftesbury (14 — 101); in Barf ord turn to 
I., and the road is hilly through Compton Chamberlain, 89^, Fovant ("Pem- 
broke Arms "), 90f , Swallowcliff, 92|, Ansty, 93^,_White Sheet Tjj., 95f , 
Brook Hill, 97, and Ludwell, 98, to Shaftesbury, which stands on the top of 
a steep hill ; the surface is not so good as the previous stage. 

[There is another road from Salisbury by taking the Dorchester road, 
through Harnham and up Harnham Hill, at the top of which, 82^, turn to v., 
then over Combe Down past the racecourse, 85, and along the ridge of the 
hills by Compton Hill, 87|, Fovant Hut, 90f , and White Sheet Hill, 94^, 
where there is a steep descent to White Sheet Tjj., 9b^ ; not a good road. 

Or at Wilton take the left hand road, and there is an ascent of If m. 
on to the ridge of the hill, 2m., before Compton Hill, 88, whence to White 
Sheet Tp., 95f ; as above.] 

{Shaftesbury: Grosvenor Arms ; Crown, ^.7.(7. ; Railway.) 

Before Fovant, on I., close to the upper road, is an ancient entrenchment, 
called Chiselbury. At Compton Chamberlain, on r., Compton IIo. At Swallow- 
cliff, on r., Castle Ditches, an ancient entrenched hill fort ; also another called 
Castle Eings, 2m. N.E. of Shaftesbury. Beyond Ansty, on r., Wardour Park, in 
which are the ruins of the old castle, twice besieged in the Civil War ; the 
modern mansion is very beautiful. Shaftesbury was formerly a considerable 
town, with a splendid nunnery and twelve churches, only three of which remain. 
Fine view from the castle hill. 

Shaftesbury to Henstridge Ash (9^ — 110^) ; very steep unrideable 
hill to walk down out of Shaftesbury, then the road is pretty fair to East 
Stour, 105^, after which it gets rough and lumpy again, and is rather hilly 
through West Stour, 106f . (The roads about here are often spoiled by 
sheep in wet weather.) 

At West Stour, on I., Fifehead Eo. At Henstridge Ash, is the Old Virginia 
Inn, where Ealeigh first smoked tobacco in England. 

Henstridge Ash to Sherborne (6| — 117) ; long hill to descend 
from Henstridge Ash, then hilly but with splendid surface through 
Milborne Port, 114^, and Oborne, 116. The principal part of Sherborne 
lies on the I. of the main road. 

(Sherborne : Antelope; Half Moon, B.T.C.) 

At Sherborne, on L, the castle. Fine old ch. 

Sherborne to Yeovil {h\ — 122|) ; the road is neatly level past 
Nether Compton (Halfway Ho.), 119^, to Babylon Hill, 120^, whence is a 
long descent to Penn Mill, 121^, on River Yeo, and then pretty level into 
Yeovil; very good surface. Entering Yeovil keep straight on, without 
going through the chief part of the town, w hich lies on the I. 

{Yeovil : Three Choughs, B.T.C.) 

Yeovil to Crewkerne (9f — 132) ; through Preston Plucknett, 123^ 
(a mile beyond keep to Z.), Brimpton, 125|-, East Chinnock, 127^, and 



49 

Sasdburj, 129|, is a good road with some stiff hills. [Or turn to I. into 
Yeovil, and when through the town keep to r. and tlirough West Coker, 
125f, to East Chinnock, 127^.] 

{Creivkerne : George, B.T.C.) 

Crewkerne ch. is a fine Gothic structure. 

Crewkerne to Chard (8 — 140) ; out of Crewkerne an ascent for 
about ?>m. has to be climbed to the top of White Down Hill, 135 {\m. before 
keep to L), which can all be ridden, except perhaps the first part, with a 
fair wind ; from the top it is nearly level to Windwhistle, 136 (a little beyond 
keep to ?*.), after which comes a gradual downhill of 2m. and the rest level ; 
capital road, generally in good order. 

{Chard: Crown, Hqrs. ; George, B.T.C.', Railway). 

From top of White Down Hill the English and Bristol Channels are visible, 
Chard ch., an ancient Gothic building, is worth seeing. About 3m. S.E. is Ford 
Abbey. 

Chard to Honiton (12—152) ; hilly for the first ^m. to the top 
of Balay Down (808ft. high), then a sharp descent down the other side, and 
easy riding over Long Bridge, 145, and for a mile beyond Stockland, 146, 
when there is a steep ascent up Stockland Hill with a crooked descent 
on the other side ; after 2w. of nearly level there is a long hill down 
into Honiton, which is a long straggling town situate on an incline. 
(Eeturning, take the right hand road |m. out of Honiton.) [London to 
Honiton, through Amesbury and Ilchester, is 2\r)i. shorter — see p. 71.] 

{Honiton: Angel; Dolphin, ^.jT.C. ; Star). 

On Stockland Hill, on I., an ancient circular entrenchment. Honiton is cele- 
brated for its lace manufacture. The old parish ch. contains an elaborate rood 
screen, &c. 2m. N. an old entrenchment called Dumpdon Hill or Castle j Zm. fcs, 
Farway Castle ; also near it Blackberry Castle. 

Honiton to Rockbere (10^ — 162^); another descent from Honiton, 
then a less hilly and much easier road through Weston, 153^, Fenny 
Bridges, 155^, and Tallford, 157^, then a long stiff hill to mount to 
Straightway Head, 159, followed by a sharp descent to " Fair Mile Inn," 
160, and pretty level toRockbere ; the road is fairly good except for about 
2wi. beyond Fenny Bridges, where it is little used and very rough. 

Rockbere to Exeter (6^— 168|); through Honiton-Clyst, 164^, 
East Wonford, 166f, and Heavitree, 167^, is rather hilly, and there is a steep 
hill to descend through Exeter ; pretty good road. 

{Exeter: Black Horse; Bude ; City Temperance; Clarence; Elmfield ; 
Gidley's Eefreshment Rooms ; Globe ; Half Moon ; Museum j New London j 
Plymouth Arms ; Eoyal Clarence; Rougemont, jB.r.(7.) 

Exeter, the capital of Devonshire, was the Roman Isca Damnonii. There are 
the ruins of Rougemont Castle, said to have been founded by the Romans, and after- 
wards the residence of the West Saxon kings. Magnificent cathedral, Guildhall, &o. 

Exeter to Cheriton Cross (9|— 178) ; in Exeter, after passing 
through High street, go down Fore street hill to the B. Exe, and when 
over the bridge turn to r. ; a mile out of the town is a very steep hill, quite 
impossible to ride up (and dangerous to ride down), with a descent on the 
other side ; after this the road continues hilly through Adderwater, 110}, 
Heath Cross, 173|, Lilly Bridge, 174f, and Tap House, 175|; the road is 
occasionally bad going, being loose and flinty in many places. 

Beyond Tap jffb., on L, Fulford Ho.f an old mansion, 

X 



50 

Cheriton Cross to Okehamptoii (12f — 190f ) ; rough descent and 
ascent to Orockernwell, 1T9|, then almost level through Merrymeet, 183|, 
and across Whiddon Down to near South Zeal, 186|, mto which is a winding 
descent, then up and down into Low Sfcicklepath,187:f (where cross R. Taw) ; 
out of this is another rise, then level with a rather steep descent into 
Okehampton ; the surface continues loose and stony in places. 

(Okehampton: Fountain; London; Plume of Feathers ; White Hart, B.T.C,) 
2m. S. of Orockernwell, on banks of Tliver Teign, are three ancient camps — • 
Preston Berry Castle, Wooston Castle, and Cranbrook Castle; beautiful scenery: 
also a cromlech. For last 6 or 7in. the road runs close to Dartmoor, on I. Oko- 
liampton (or Oakhampton) is a small picturesque town. The castle is in ruins, 
Laving been dismantled by Henry VIII. 

Okehampton to Launceston (18^ — 209^) ; after crossing E. Oke* 
ment keep to I. in Okehampton, and long hill to ascend out of the town, 
then a good run down and again a long uphill on to Sourton Down, at the 
top of which, 3|m. from Okehampton, keep to r. (on I. to Tavistock) ; next 
is a long hill to descend to Bridestow, 196f , beyond which is an easy rise 
followed by a steep descent to Kimbo or Point Bridge, 198|, then after a 
gradual ascent of a mile it is undulating through Lew Cross, 200f , past 
New Inn, 201:^, and over Old Street Down, with a sharp fall to Tinhay 
Bridge, 205; out of Lifton 205|, there is a steep uphill to Lifton Down and 
down again through Cadron, 207, to Poulston, 207f , (where cross R. Tamar) 
whence there is a long hill to mount to Launceston ; good road, the surface 
being firm and fau^ly smooth ; it passes through a wild and open country. 
(Launceston: King's Arms ; London; Templar; White Hart, jB.ZC) 
At Launceston are ruins of a castle supposed to have been erected by the 
Hritons, and known as Castle Teri'ible. About Im. N. is Werrington Mo. 

Launceston to Bodmin (21 — 230J) ; keeping straight through the 
town, it is a continuation of hills through Trebursey, 211:^, (a mile further 
take the middle road) by Hick's Mill, 214^, — to which there is a descent of 
nearly 2m. — Trerethick or Trevithick Bridge, 215^, Five Lanes Inn, 217, 
Trewmt, 217 5, long downhill again to Palmer's Bridge, 220, (cross R. Fowey) 
with ascent to Jamaica Inn, 220|, on Temple Moors, passing over the moors 
by Four Holes Cross, 221^-, Temple, 224^, and Colvanick, (London Inn) 
226|-, where the moors end, and finally descending a very steep hill near 
Bodmin. The road goes through a very wild country, not a house or tree 
to be seen for miles ; the surface is hard, and in wet weather tolerable but 
never very good ; through Bodmin is paved for about Im. 

(Bodmin: Queen's Head ; Royal, B.T.C). 

Bodmin had formerly a cathedral, with priory and thirteen churches. On a 
hill near the town are some large stones called The Hurlei's, supposed to have 
been a Druidical temple. In the churchyard remains of a chapel. 

Bodmin to Fradden (9 — 239:^)) ; a succession of sharp ups and 
downs by Lanivet Ford, 232^, Grigland, 234f , and East Lane End, 237. 
At Lanivet, on Z., remains of an ancient monastery. 

Fradden to St. Michael (4^— 243|); through Summer Court, 242^5 
the road continues hilly, but the surface improves. 

St. Michaol, usually pronounced Mitchell, was formerly a large town. 

St. Michael to Truro (7— 250f ) ; f m. beyond St. Michael turn to l.f 
and soon after there is a steep descent shortly followed by a stiff hill to 



51 

mount, tlieu the road becomes easier through Trespcn, 247, and Buckshead, 
249| ; the surface continues excellent ; Truro is paved. 

[From Fradden there is another and better road on I. through Ladock, 
244^, to Tresilian, 247f , on the Plymouth road, (where on returning keep to 
?.) ; the road is very good and nearly all downhill to Kiggon Mill, 249, then 
coracs a hill to mount about a mile long, and a mile downhill into Truro, 
251.] 

(Truro : Eed Lion ; Eoyal ; Star, B.T.C. ; Temperance). 

Truro is now an episcopal see. Formerly there was a castle here, of which 
only a monnd is left. Within a short distance are the seats or residences of 
Polwhele, Trewartheuick, Trelissick, Tregolls, and Killiganoon. 

Truro to Perranwell (5 — 255f) ; in Truro keep to Z. ; a very steep 
hill leads out of the town, and after a slight descent to Calenick, 252, 
another long ascent follows, then downhill through a wood (keeping to r.) 
to Carnan, 254f , and level to Perranwell. 

(At Perranwell, on Z., Carclew). 

Perranwell to Helstone (12— 267f ) ; keep to the right hand road, 
and through Tregolls, 259f, Bultris, 262^, Polgrean, 263^, Menehy, 264f, 
Trevennen, 265^, and Trewenick, 266|-, is a very good road but hilly to 
within a mile of Helstone, when there is a descent into the town. 

[Or from Perranwell keep to I., and l\m. beyond is a long hill to mount, 
and after crossing the railway turn to I. at the cross roads and there is a 
descent into Penryn, 259|, where turn to r. and for om. it is rather uphill, 
v.ith good surface, to the junction with the direct road, ^n. before Bultris, 
2G3|, and thence on to Helstone, 269, as above.] 

From Penryn, on I., to Falmouth (3| — 262|-). 

(Penryn: Elephant and Castle; King's Arms. — Falmouth: Green Bank; 
Commercial; Eoyal, B.T.C — Helstone: Angel; Star. — Lizard : Jjugg's, B.T.C.) 

Falmouth is the most westerly seaport in England. About l^m. further, at 
the mouth of the bay, is Pendennis Castle, which stood a six.months' siege against 
the Parliamentarians ; opposite it is St. Mawes Castle. About 4m. further is the 
beautiful seat of Penrose ; also near it the huge Tolman, or Cornish Pebble, a 
granite block of 800 tons weight : Arwenack Manor House. Helstone is the 
centre of a mining district, and is remarkable for its May games or festival, held 
on May 8th, a relic of the Eoman Floralia. From Helstone is a splendid run of 
about 11m. to Lizard Town, with a descent at 4/Ji. and another at 5m. ; from 
Lizard Town is a short walk to the Point and to Kinance Cove, &c. 

Helstone to Marazion (9 — 276f) ; rather hilly for half the distance 
through St. Breage, 270f, followed by a long down hill through Chywoon, 
273|, and Roost, 275, into Marazion. 

{Marazion : Thomas's). 

At St. Breage the celebrated tin and copper mine of Huel Yor ; also remains 
of Pengerswick Tower. At Roost, Im. on I., Acton Castle. Marazion, or Market 
Jew, is supposed to be the oldest town in the county, and derived its importance 
as a resort of pilgrims to the well-known St. Michael's Mount, a remarkable 
rock in the bay, Im. from the town, and on which is an ancient castle. 

Marazion to Penzance (4— 280f) ; along the margin of Mount's 
Bay is level, but a very rough bit of macadam road ; Penzance is paved. 
(Penzance: Mount's Bay House; Queen ; Eail way; Star; Union; Western, B. 2'. C.) 
Penzance is the most westerly town in England j the climate is very mild 
and salubrious. 

Penzance to Land's End (11— 291f)i the first 2m. are rathex 

«2 



52 

liUly tKroiigli Kewlyn, 282^, then rough and hilly through Trevelloe, 284, 
St. Burjan or St. Burien, 2861, Trebear, 288j, and Trevescan, 291 ; bad 
but mostly rideable road. [There is another road from Penzance by 
keeping to r. and through Trembeth, 282j, and Sennen, 289|-, to Land's 
End, 291.] 

From St. Buryan on I. to Logan Rock or Stone 2m,, at first pretty 
good and level, till a steep hill is reached leading down to the rock, which 
must be walked. From the Logan Rock to the Land's End is a good and 
level road. 

From Penzance to G-unard's Head, 1m. ; leaving the east end of the 
town turn to the r. twice, uphill road except a sharp descent halfway, 
which should be walked ; grand scenery. 

From Trembeth on r. to St. Just, (6 — ^2885-) ; near it Cape Cornwall. 

{St. Just : Commercial; Wellington). 

At Newlyn, on r.. Castle Hornick. There are numerous natural cmnositieg 
and cromlechs in the vicinity of Penzance ; also at Sfc. Buryan very old ch. and 
singular cross. Im. W. is a Druidical circle — Boscawen Urn ; on I., near tho 
coast, is another — The Merry Maidens and the Pipers ; near Boskonna, a 
cromlech ; further on coast, Trereen Castle. Near St. Just is Carniajack 
Castle, Clum Castle. 

LONDON TO FARNHAM (by Bagshot). 

Iiondon to Bagshot (26^)— p. 46. 

Bagshot to Farnborough (5f — 32); out of Bagshot a couple of 

Bscenta, the second rather steep and rough towards the top, lead up to the 

^** Jolly Farmer," 27^ (formerly the "Golden Farmer"), on Chobham Ridges; 

fhere take the left hand road which continues rather hilly, though mostly 

downhill, to Frimley, SOj, and thence pretty level; very good road. 

Parnborough to Farnham (6| — 38^) is an easy undulating road, 
■passing Basingstoke Canal, 34, and through Aldershot Camp ; very good 
road. 

LONDON TO ALTON (by Odiham). 

London to Hartley Row (36^)— p. 47. 

Hartley Row to Odiham (4 — 40^) ; a mile out of Hartley Row keep 
to Z. and a beautiful road runs near Winchfield Station, 38^, on Shapley 
Heath and through Odiham "Wood, with a steep canal bridge to mount just 
before the town. [At Odiham on r. through North AVarnborough, 41|-, and 
Mapledurwell Hatch, 45f , to Basingstoke, 48 ; fairly level and good.] 

iOdiham : George). 

There are ruins of a castle at Odiham. 

Odiham to Alton (9 — 49J) ; keeping to Z. out of Odiham, the road 
rises pretty sharply for some distance to the cross road on the I. for Farn- 
ham, a little before South Warnborough, 42|- ; thence keep straight on up 
a very steep hill, but with very good surface, to a turnpike gate, after 
which the road falls gently until the Golden Pot, 46^, is reached, when 
turning to I. it is slightly downhill, with a capital surface, to Alton, 



53 

LONDON TO LYMINGTON, CHRISTCHURCH, POOLE, 

WEYMOUTH, & SWANAGE (by Basingstoke). 

London to Popham Lane (51) — p. 47. 

Popham Lane to WincliestoiP (II5 — 62|) ; keep to I. and through 
Popham, 62^, East Stratton, 53^, by Lunway's Inn, 57-|, and through 
Worthy, GO^-, is a capital road but hilly. 

Before East Stratton, on I., Stratton Park. 

"Winchester to Lymington (20^- — 92^); through Southampton, 74 1, 
Lyndharst, 83f, and Brockenhurst, 78| — p. 40. [Or Southampton through 
lieaulieu, 81, to Lymington, 87^ — p. 41.] 

■Winchester to Christchurch (34|— 97^) ; by Lyndhurst, 83|— 
p. 40 ; thence to Christchurch — pp. 42-43. 

Winchester to Poole (40^— 102f) ; by Hursley, 0,1, Eomsey, 73, 
Cadnam, 78| — p. 46 ; thence by Eingwood, 90^, and New Bridge, 94^ — p. 43. 

"Winchester to Weymouth (6 7i— 12 9|); by New Bridge, 94|, above, 
thence by Whnborne Minster, 99|, Lytchett Minster, 107, Wareham, lllf, 
and Warmwell Cross, 124| — p. 44. 

Winchester to Swanage (59| — 121f); through Wareham, lllf, 
above, and Corfe Castle, 115| — ^p. 45. 

LONDON TO POOLE (by Cranbourn). 

London to Salisbury (81)— p. 47. 

Salisbury to Cranbourn (11^ — 92:^); on south side of Salisbury 
after crossing R. Avon, take the Blandford road (to the r.) up Harnham 
Hill (on the top of which, nearly Im. further, keep to I.), then down a sharp 
fall to Combe Bissett, 83f,out of which is a stiff hill up to Combe Common, 
where keep to I. for Cranbourn; rough and hilly road over Comber and Tile 
Downs to Tidpit (or Tipput), 885-, and then over Damerham Down and 
through Bowridge, 91, to Cranbourn. 

{Cranhoum : Cross Keys; Fleur de Lis.) 

On Comber Down cross an ancient entrenchment, called Grims Dyke, 5 or 
6m. long, running in a U-shaped form ta Castle Ditches, a circular camp near 
Whichbury, ^m. W. of Tidpit. Cranbourn ch. was formerly part of a Benedictine 
Priory. On Castle Hill, outside the town, are remains of a circular encampment 

Cranbourn to Wimborne Minster (9| — 101^); a rough and hilly 
road past Horton Inn, 96|, and Stanbridge Chapel (or Ashton), 99. 
Beyond Cranbourn, on r., is St. Giles's Park. 

Wimborne Minster to Poole (6| — 108) ; first rate road, rather hilly, 
but easy riding past Bushels Mill, 106. 

LONDON TO LAND'S END (by Dorchester and PlymoutWo 

London to Salisbury (81) — p. 47. 

Salisbury to Blandford (22—103) ; on south side of Salisbury after 
crossing River Avon keep to r. up Harnham hill, on the top of which, 
nearly Im., further keep to Z. and down a sharp fall to Combe Bissett, 83|-, 
out Of which is a stiff hill up to Com.be Comnion (where keep to r.), thep 



54 

across Crowdon Down past Drove End, 89, to Woodjates Inn, 90|, tlienco 
past AcUing Ditch end, 92:^, and over Pentridge and Workly Downs to 
Thorny Down Inn, 9-if , over Thorny Down past Cashmoor (or Caishmore) 
Inn, 95f, across Thick Thorn and Launceston Down, through Tarrant 
Hinton, 98, and Pimperne, 100^ , the road is hilly and rough in places, not 
good for travelling, it goes over a loose sandy common for many miles. 
E-etnrning, a little out of Blandford keep to r. 

{Blandford : Crown; King's Arms, B.T.C; Railway.) 

Beyond Woodyates Inn, on r., is Cranbourn Chase. Achling Ditch is the 
line of a Roman road which is supposed to have led to Wareham- At Tarrant 
Hinton on r., East Bury Park. At Blandford, on r., Bryanstone Park. Blandford 
is also called Blandford Forum. 

Blandford to Piddletown (11 — 114) ; after crossing the Eiver Stour 
keep to r., and the road is up and do^vn hill over Charlton Down and 
through Whitechurch, 108|-, and Milborne St. Andrews, llOf, but the 
surface is good and smooth. 

At Milborne, on r., 2m., is Milton Abbey Park, with the pretty village of 
Milton Abbas ; good easy read : the Abbey was founded by King Athelstan. On 
L Im. is an old entrenched hill called Weatherbury Castle. At Whitechurch on 
r., Whatcomb Park. 

Piddletown to Dorchester (5 — 119) ; long stiff ascent to climb out 
of the foraier through Troy Town, 115|, and a mile beyond a capital run 
down Yellowham hill, the surface being simply perfect, and after mounting 
a slight incline there is a nice run into Dorchester, the approach to which 
is very pretty, the road running through an avenue of fine trees ; there is 
a short but stiff rise through the town, the surface being macadam. 

[There is another road to Dorchester by Wareham, lllf to WarTnv^eU 
Cross, 124| — ^p. 53; then keep to r., through Broad Moigne (or Maine), 125f, 
and Whitecomb, 127, to JDorchester, 4f — 129.] 

(Dorchester : King's Arms, B.T.C; Royal Oak.) 

About Im. before Dorchester, on I., Stinsford. Dorchester was a military 
station of the Romans ; N.W. of the town is a hill called Poundbury, supposed to 
have been a Roman entrenched camp, also on the S. near the L. & S. W. Railway 
Station is the Maiimbury, a Roman amphitheatre ; the foundations of the old walla 
are still to be seen, now utilised as a pretty walk lined with trees. About 2/n.. 
S.W. is Maiden Castle, an ancient British hill fortress on a large scale. 

Dorchester to Bridport (15^ — 134|) is more hilly than the last 
stage, as the road passes over some high ground ; it is very undulating to 
beyond Winterborne Abbas, 124, and at Longbredy Tp., 12 7^, after a short 
fall there is a high hill to climb, from the tx)p of which the sea is seen, then 
the road runs along a ridge for several miles past Askerwell, and there is a 
steep descent to the " Travellers' Eest," 131, with a further run down into 
Bridport. Bridport Harbour is l^m. S. of the town. 

(Bridport: Bull, B.T.C; Greyhound; Star.) 

At Winterborne Abbas; 2m. on I., Blagdon Hill, Hardy's Monument ; at 
Portisham, further south, a cromlech ; and 2m. W. at Abbotsbury, ruins of the 
old abbey, St. Catherine's chapel, and Abbotsbury Castle; here also is a royal 
swannery. On the coast, 3m. S.E. of Bridport, is Burton Castle. 

Bridport to Charmouth (6| — 141) ; a mile out of Bridport is a very 
steep but not long hill to mount, followed by another steep and difficult, 
ascent, then a rather stiff descent to Chidiock, 137 ; after which is another 
hill to climb worse than the two last, bein^ l\m. long and very steep, and 






then a run down of 2m. into Charmouth, not steep and quite safe ; verj- 
good surface, pretty views. 

(Charmouth : Coach and Horses; George; New Inn; Royal Oak.) 

Charmouth to Axminster (5| — 146^) ; out of Charmouth keep tr 
r., and past Penn Inn, 143, and Hunter's Lodge, 144|, is hilly, but th( 
hills are not so severe as the last stage, ; 2m. downhill into Axminster, which 
must be taken carefully. Eettu uing, keep to r. at the fork roads just out 
of Axminster, and to I. at Hunter's Lodge. 

(Axminster: Bell; Commercial; George, B.T.C.; Grey's; Old Bell.) 
Axminster is noted for its manufacture of carpets; Im. S. are the ruins of 
Newhenham Abbey ; 5m. S. are ruins of Colcombe Castle, destroyed in the civil 
war; near it Musbury Castle, a British hill fort. 

Axminster to Honiton (9|- — 156) ; a mile out of Axminster and 
through Kilmington, 147f , is a long hill to climb, rather stiff, to the top of 
Shute Hill, 148|^, directly followed by a descent, with continuation of more 
or less downhill to Wilmington, 152:^, then a 2m. ascent to walk up to Mount 
Pleasant, 154^, and a steep winding decline into Honiton; not a very good 
road, in some places rough and stony. Returning, take first turn to r. at 
the end of Honiton. 

S. of Wilmington, near Widworthy ch., are two ancient entrenchments. 

Honiton to Exeter (16^1 72^)— p. 49. 

Exeter to Chudleigh (9^ — 182); in Exeter after passing through High 
street, go down Fore street hill to the i2. Exe, and when over the bridge turn 
to I.; the road is good through Alphington, 174|, out of which at the fork 
roads, ■^. past the ch., keep to r. up the hill (the road to I. by the telegraph 
wires is the old coach road, and is not so good), and it continues nearly all up 
hill to Shillingford, 176, then downhill to Clopton Bridge, 177; from here is a 
a 2m. hill to ascend, some of it rather severe, till the top of Haldon Hill is 
reached, whence a splendid view is obtained, and the rest is a long descent 
into Chudleigh. 

(Chudleiffh: Clifford Arms, B.T.C.; Ship, B.T.C.) 

Past Clopton Bridge on r., Haldon Ifo. The district round Chudleigh is very 
pretty, and is noted for its orchards and cider; |m. W. of town, Chudleigh Rock 
and cavern are worth seeing. A little E. is Ugbrook Park, and the splendid 
mansion ; in the park is a Danish encampment. 

Chudleigh to Ashburton (9| — 191^) ; a fair road, but hilly over 
Chudleigh Bridge, 183 (River Teign), through Knighton, 184, over Jews 
Bridge, 185 (West Teign River), and through Bickington, 188, and 
Lemonford, 188|. 

(Ashburton: Globe; Golden Lion, ^.T.C. ; London.) 

On r. extends Dartmoor Forest. Ashburton ch. was formerly a collegiate 
one. About 3m. on r. are Brook Abbey, Holne Chase, and Henbury Fort (a 
Danish encampment) near the R. Dart ; pretty scenery. 

Ashburton to South Brent (7^ — 199) ; through Ashburton take 
second turn to r., and by Dart Bridge, 193|, through Buckfastleigh, 194, 
Dean Prior, 195^, and Brent Harberton Ford, 197, is a good undulating road. 

At Buckfastleigh, on r., Buckfast Abbey. The road skirts Dartmoor Forest on r. 

South Brent to Ivy Bridge (bl — 204^) ; sharp descent to Brent 
Bridge, 199^ (cross B. Avon), then hilly but nothing difiicult by Kingsbridgf 



56 

Road Station, 201, and Bittaford (or Bideford) Bridge, 202|-, with a long 
downhill to Ivy Bridge ; good road. 

Before Cherston, on L, is a circular camp. Beyond Cherston, on r., are 
Ugborough Beacon and Western Beacon, the two most southerly spurs of 
Dartmoor. About Ivy Bi'idge {B. Erme) the scenery is very pretty. 

Ivy Bridge to Plymouth (11|— 215^) ; easy undulating road 
through Woodland, 205, Cadleigh, 205|, and Lee Mill, 206|- (cross B. Yealm), 
to Ridgeway, 210f , through which is a very steep descent, dangerous to 
ride down without brake, and the rest is almost level over New Bridge, 212 
(cross B. Plym), and tlu^ough Crab Tree, 212f ; very good road except the 
last 2m., which are very bad and rough. 

[Or to Exeter, IQSl — p. 49, thence by Chudleigh, 178, Ashhurton, 187|, 
South Brent, 195, and luij Bridge, 200^, to Plymouth, 211^.] 

{Plymouth: Albion; Chubb's ; Cousins; Duke of Cornwall ; Farley, -D. 7'. C ; 
Globe; Harvey's; Imperial; Royal; Temperance; Victoria. — Plympton : George.) 

At Ridgeway, on I., at Plympton Earl, are ruins of a once magnificent castle, 
erected in the reign of Henry I. ; also remains of Pi'iory. Plymouth, at the 
mouths of Plym and Tamar, is one of the chief naval stations of the kingdom, with 
the neighbouring town of Devonport, and there are extensive dockyards at both. 
Plymouth Sound or harbour is protected by the well-known breakwater, and will 
hold the largest ships afloat. The town is defended by a citadel and several strong 
fortifioatioas. On the opposite side of the harbour is the splendid mansion, 
Mount Edgecumbe. Beyond Ridgeway, on L, Saltram Ho. 

Plymouth to Torpoint (2|— 218); continue through Plymouth, 
then past the Royal Hospital and through Stonehouse, 216f , to Devonport, 
217^, whence cross B. Tamar, here called the Hamoaze, by ferry to 
Torpoint. Plymouth, Stonehouse, and Devonport form almost one town, 
houses extending the whole distance. 

(Devonport ; Royal, B.T.C.) 

Devonport has a large Dockyard ; it is surrounded by a wall on the land side, 
tnd is protected by the fortress of Mount Wise, besides other forts. 

Torpoint to Polscove (5| — 223|) ; rather hilly, but splendid road 
through iSt. Anthony, 2211-, (keep to r.) and Sheviock, 223j. 

[There is another route from Plymouth, by crossing the Sound to 
Cremill Passsage, 217^, on the north point under Mount Edgcumbe ; here 
is a steep hill to climb, after which it is a rather hilly road through Mill- 
brook, 220, and Crafthole, 223f , to Polscove, 224|.] 

Beyond Torpoint, on r., ThaOks, and further on, East Anthony Park. At 
Crafthole, on r., Sheviock ch. 

Polscove to Liskeard (9| — 233^) ; keep to r. at 2m. farther, it is a 
good but hilly road, by Trerule Foot, 227 (keep to middle road), Catch- 
french, 228^, and Buckapit Bridge, 229| (cross B. Seaton). On the reverse 
journey, just before Trerule Poot, keep to the r. of two main roads, and 
again to r. at Trerule Foot. 

About i\m. beyond Polscove on r. to St. German^ s (1 — 2265^). 

[There is another route from Plymouth, by turning sharp to r. when 
nearly through the town, a little further keeping to I., and past Mile House 
21 6|-, Weston Mill, 218^, to Passage on B. Tamar, opposite Saltash, 220, to 
which cross by Ferry ; Im beyond Saltashkeep to I. and over Nottar Bridge, 
223^, through Landrake, 224, and Tidiford; 225^, and over Heskin Bridge, 



57 

226, to the junction of tlie road on the previous route just beyond Trerule 
Toot, 227 ; hilly road]. 

At Heskin Bridge on Z. to St. German's (1^— 227i) 

(Saltash : Commercial j Green Dragon; Railway.— iisfctfarcZ ; Bell; Yenning's 
London, i?.r.a; Webb's.) 

St. German's was anciently the seat of a bishopric; there was also a priory, 
to which the present parish ch. belonged. Close adjoining is Earl St. German's 
seat. Port Eliot, on the site of the old Priory. Im. beyond Saltash, Im. on ?., 
'i'rematon Castle. Before Backapit Bridge, on I., Blackaton, and Im. on r., 
Padderbury Top, both hills with circular entrenchments ; a little further on r., 
Coldrenick Ho. ; 2m. N. of Liskeard is St. Cleer, the ch. of which is partly Saxon; 
also St. Cleer's Well and stone Cross, and a cromlech called Trevethy Stone; 2m. 
fiu'ther N. are the Hurlers and the Cheesewring, the latter a curious pile of rocks. 

Liskeard to Tap House (6f — 240) ; beyond Liskeard is a winding 
descent to Looe Mills, 235^, then hilly through Dobwalls, 235f, and Eastern 
Tap House, 237| ; a good road with beautiful scenery. 

Tap House to Lostwithiel (4—244) ; Im. beyond Tap House keep 
to Z. (the right-hand road goes to Bodmin, (6j— 246|) ; good road with a 
long run downhill to Lostwithiel. 

[Or to Bodmin, 230| — p. 50 ; thence, on Z., to Lostwithiel, 6 — 236^.] 

{Lostwithiel : King's Arms; Talbot, B.T.C.) 

2\m. beyond Tap House, on r., Boconnoc. At Lostwithiel, the old palace, 
formerly a residence of the Dukes of Cornwall, now a prison ; fine early English 
ch. i Im. N. of the town, the rains of Restormel Castle. 

Lostwithiel to St. Austell (8|— 252^) ; very steep hill to walk up 

out of the former, followed by a long run down, and then undulating 

through St. Blazey, 248|, and Tregrehan Tp., 249 1. 

(St. Austell: Globe; (Queen's Head ; White Hart, -B.T.C.) 

St. Austell is the centre of the chief tin mining district, and there are also 

copper and china clay mines j handsome ch. Just beyond, on r., St. Mewan ch. 

and Mewan Beacon. 

St. Austell to Truro (13J— 265f); hilly through Higher Sticker, 
255, and Hewes Water, 255|, to Teags Tpr;., 256 (keep to r.), then good 
undulating road through Grampound, 258, and Probus, 260|-, whence it is 
downhill through Tresilian, 262^, to Kiggon Mill, 263|- : then there is a hill 
to mount about a mile long, and a mile downhill into Truro, through which 
is paved. [There is another road by keeping to Z. at Teags Tpg., and 
through Tregony, 260^, where keep to r., joining the other road ^m. before 
Tresilian, 264 ; see p. 51.] 

At Higher Sticker, Im. on r., Trethullan Castle, a circular entrenchment. 
Near Grampound are 6 ancient camps or entrenchments, within 2m. of the town. 

Truro to Land's End (41— 306|)— p. 61. 

LONDON TO DORCHESTER (by Bere Regis). 

London to Wimborne Minster (99|)— p. 53. 

Wimborne Minster to Bere Regis (11|— 111^); through Wim- 
borne keep to I.; for 3m. splendid road, very smooth and almost level, 
through Corfe Mullen, 102, then rough in odd places, and more undulating 
to Alner, 105 1, and after that (keeping to r.,) rather hilly but capital goin^ 



58 

through "Wiiiterborne Zelstone, 107f , and Winterborne Thompson, 108|, 
with a nice run down just before Bere ; all the hills are easy both ways. 

[Or to Lytchett Minster, 107, p. 53 ; turn to r. at the sign post beyond 
it, then a long but slight incline is encountered., and the road continues to 
rise, except for two short dips, for 6m., past Morden Park on I., ending with 
a straight sharp descent, quite safe, into Bere Regis, 7f — 114f.] 

Bere Regis to Piddletown {6\ — 117^); after passing through the 
toll bar at the end of Bere, the steep ascent of Rogers Hill has to be climbed, 
too steep to ride up, from the top of which a good road runs through 
Tolpiddle, 115, and Burleston, 116. 

Piddletown to Dorchester (5 — 122-i)— p. 54. 

LONDON TO LAND'S END (by Andover). 

London to Basingstoke (45^) — p. 47. 

Basingstoke to Whitchurcli (11| — 56|) ; leaving Basingstoke keep 
to r. ; good road though hilly through the pretty villages of Worting, 47|, 
Clerken Green, 50, Dean, 51, Ash, 52, Overton, 53, and Freefolk, 55 ; pretty 
country, 

{Whitchurch : White Hart, H.T.O.) 

At Overton, in middle of August, is teld one of the largest sheep fairs in 
England, the traffic of which cuts up the roads. A little further on r., at 
Laverstock, the Bank of England paper mills. On r., Worting Ho., Ash Mo., 
Laverstock Hall; on I., Ash Park. 

Whitcliurcli to Andover (7 — 63|); is the same kind of road, 
through Hurstbourne Priors, 58|, skirting Harewood Forest on I., and by 
Down House, 61^; there is one steep hill to walk up, 

(Andover: George; Globe; Goodden's ; Railway; Star; Star and Garter; 
Station; Temperance Rooms ; White Hart, B.T.C.) 

Beyond Whitchurch, on r., Hurstbourne Park and JTo. About l^m. before 
Andover cross the old Roman road from Winchester to Cirencester. Andover 
ch. dates from the Saxon times. 

Andover to Lobcombe Corner (lOi — 73|) ; just out of Andover at 
the railway station keep to I. ; long ascent through Little Ann, 65|, then 
fair road crossing the Downs past Down Farm, 68^, and Kent Barrow, 69, 
to the village of Middle Wallop, 71, after which it is very hilly and begins 
to be rough. 

At Little Ann, on I., is Bury Hill, a large circular entrenchment. At Kent 
Barrow, 2m. on I., Danebury Hill, a circular entrenched camp. 

Lobcombe Corner to Land's End (218^j— 292^)— pp. 47-51. 

LONDON TO EXETER (by Colyford). 

London to Charmouth (141) — p. 54. 

Charmouth to Lyme Regis (If — 142f ) ; a mile long hill to walk 
up out of Charmouth, followed by a very steep unrideable descent, keeping 
to I. at the cross roads, into Lyme Regis. 

(Lyme Regis : The Cups.) 

At Lyme Kegis the Duke <^f Mopmouth landed, 1685. 



59 

Lyme Regis to Colyford (5f — 148^) ; by th« left hand road out of 
the town there is a steep windmg hill to climb (not safe to ride down) to 
Ware Cliff House, 149^, then a pretty level rido of nearly 3/n.. along the 
top of the hills, ending with a walk down to Axe Bridge, ^m. before 
Colyford : good surface. 

At Colyford on r. to Golyton, (1 — 149 j). 

On the top of the hill before descending to Colyford, Im. on r., Musbury 
Castle, an ancient hill fortress, from which 12 others can be seen j alfio another at 
Hawksdown Hill, l»n. on I. 

Colyford to Sidford (8^ — lo6f); after walking up the mile hill out 
of Colyford on to Seaton Down, it is undulating for about Qm., over Star- 
ford Common, 151, and past Hangman Stone, 152, (about Im. further keep 
to I.), and then a descent to Sidford, not steep at first, but towards the 
bottom dangerously so even with a brake ; good surface. 

[There is another route to Sidford by Axminster, 146 J — p. 55; then to 
Kilmington, 147|, where turn to I. and it is chiefly downhill through Whit- 
ford, 149|-, to Golyton, 1501, then long severe uphill and across Colyton 
Hill to Starford Common, 153^, where join the above road \m. before 
Hangman Stone, and to Sidford", 158^.] 

About half-way on r. Blackberry Castle, an old British hill fortress. On the 
hill Im. N. of Sidford is an ancient entrenchment, called Sidbury Castle; Im. 
further is an earthwork, supposed to be of Eoman origin. 

Sidford to Bishop's Clyst (10^—167) ; long uphill out of Sidford, 
with longer descent to walk down into ISTewton Poppleford, 159^, then 
another 2m. hill to walk up to the 8th Ms. from Exeter, and the rest is all 
dowfihill ; good surface on the whole. 

About 2m. on I. at the top of the hill beyond Newton, is Woodbury Castle, an 
old British entrenchment. 

Bishop's Clyst to Exeter (3^ — 170^); short rise out of Bishop's 
Clyst and downhill to East Wonford, 168^, out of which is the steep ascent 
of Heavitree Hill, through Heavitree, 169, and similar down again into 
, Exeter. On the reverse journey keep to r. just beyond East Wonford. 

LONDON TO EXETEE (by Sidmoutli). 

London to Sidford (156|)— above. 

Sidford to Sidmouth (1^—158^) ; at the end of Sidford turn to l, 
and it is nearly all downhill into Sidmouth, the frightfully steep descent 
into which must be walked. 

(Sidmouth: Bedford; London, ^.T.C. ; Eoyal York.) 

Sidmouth is a small sea-bathing resorfc, with a very mild olimate. 

Sidmouth to St. George's Clyst (10— 168i) ; out of Sidmouth 
the road ascends the cliffs by a steep winding hill, and then there is a long 
descent into Otterton, 161^, beyond which it is almost all uphill through 
Yattington, 163^, on to Woodbury Common, 164|-, and the rest is downhill, 
except a short hill beyond Woodbury, 166^. 

Beyond Otterton, on r., Bicton Lodge. On Woodbury Common, fni. on r., 
Woodbury Castle, an old British entrenchment. 2m. S. W. of Woodbury, on banki 
of £. Exe, Nutwell Court. 

St. G-eorge's Clyst to Exeter (5— 173i) ; turn sharp to I. at St. 
George's Clyst and over Topsham Bridge to Topsham, 169|, and thence 



CO 

through ISTorfchbrook, 171^^, and St. Leonards, 172|, up and downhill all the 
way. [Or at St. George's Clyst keep straight on and through Bishop's 
Clyst, 170, to Exeter, 173i— p. 59.] 

Beyond Topsham, on r., Wear and Higher Newcourt. Before Bishop's Clyst 
on L, Winslate Eo, I3eyond Topsham, on L, Retreat, Low Wear, High Wear, and 
Northbrook. 

LONDON TO EXMOUTH. 

London to Sidmouth (158i)— p. 69. 

Sidmouth to Exmouth (9| — 167^); out of Sidmouth the road 
ascends the cliffs by a steep, winding hill, and then there is a long descent 
into Otterton, 161| ; after crossing R. Otter turn to I. and the road is nearly 
all uphill through East Badleigh, 1621, and Knoll, 164, to Knoll Hill, 164|, 
some parts of it very steep, and the rest is downhill more or less, ending 
with a steep and crooked descent into Exmouth; bad road, many parts 
being merely cart and horse track. 

{Exmouth: Imperial; London, i?.r.C. ; Royal Beacon ; Southwestern.) 

From Exmouth by ferry across 3. Exe to Starcross. 

LONDON TO EXETER (by Ottery St. Mary). 

London to Colyford (148^)— p. 59. 

Colyford to Ottery St. Mary (12 — 160|) ; after walking up a mile 
long hill out of Colyford on to Seaton Down, it is undulating over Starford 
Common, 151, and past Hangman Stone, 152 (about Im. further keep to r.), 
then it is uphill for a couple of miles across Broad Down, and again almost 
level past Eondcomb Gate, 155|, and across Earway Hill (keep to I.) to 
Gittisham Hill, 157^, whence a couj^le of steep descents, Iwi. and 2m. long, 
lead down into Ottery. 

Ottery St. Mary to Rockbere (5— 165|) ; from Ottery St. Mary 
it is nearly all uphill to "Fair Mile" Inn, 163|- (where join the main. 
London road), and then pretty level to Rockbere. 

Rockbere to Exeter (6^—1711)— p. 49. 

LONDON TO EXETER (by Beaminster). 

London to Dorchester (119) — p. 54. 

Dorchester to Maiden Newton (8 — 127) : in Dorchejiter turn to 
r. and sharp hill to descend out of the town, after which it is level (at l|m. 
keeping to I.) crossing some marshes to Charminster, 121 (keep iol. again), 
and then gently undulating through Stratton, 122^, and Frampton, 125. 

{Maiden Newton : White Horse, B.T.C.) 

Maiden Wewton to Beaminster (9| — 136|) ; folloAving the Crew- 
kerne road, after having mounted a steep ascent out of Maiden Newton, a 
beautiful undulating road runs along a ridge of hills to Catsley DoAvn Gate, 
133, then turn to I. and go down a steep descent, followed by an equally 
sharp ascent, after which is a capital run down of 2m. into Beaminster. 
[There is another road through Hook, 132|, a little more south.^ 

(Beaininster : White Hart.) 

S. of Beaminster is Parnham House, 



61 

Saamiaster td Broadwindsor (4| — -141); a short distance out of 
Bcaminster there is a stiff uphill, and then a nasty downhill which should 
be ridden carefully, and easy road to Broadwindsor. [There is another road 
straight from Catsley Down Gate to Broadwindsor, 5 — 138.] 

Broadwindsor to Axminster (10| — 151|) ; out of Broadwindsor 
there is another steep hill to walk up, from the top of which it is rather 
collar work through Marshalsea, 1441-, to Lambert's Castle Hill, 146 1-, 
whence it is an easy ride over Hawchurch Common, 148 (where keep to r.), 
with a 2/>i. descent into Axminster. 

S. of Broadwindsor is Lewesdon (or Lewston) Hill; 2m. beyond Broad- 
windsor on r. Pillesden Pen, a large entrenched hill. On Lambert's Castle Hill 
is also a great triple entrenchment. 

Axminster to Eseter (26| — 177|)— p. 55. 

LONDOK TO PLYMOUTH (by Totnes). 

London to Exeter (168|)— p. 49. 

Exeter to Newton Abbot (15 — 183|) ; in Exeter, after passing 
through High street, go down Fore street hill to the B. Exe, and when 
over the bridge turn to I.; the road is good through Alphington, 170.V, 
out of which at the division in the road ^m. past the ch. keep to Z. by the 
telegraph wires, and there is a rather steep ascent, presently followed by a 
winding descent to ICenford, 172|, then a walk of about 2ni. to the top of 
Haldon Hill (800ft. high) ; for 2 or dm. the road runs along the ridge 
of the hill, and is pretty level, keeping to r. at the bifurcation 2in. on, then 
it is more or less on the fall past Ugbrook Park, 179|, and Sandy Gate, 
181, to Teign Bridge, 182|-, and the rest nearly level ; not so good surface 
as the Chudleigh road, and from Haldon Hill much of it is loose and stony, 
requiring careful riding. On the reverse journey keep to r. leaving 
Newton. 

(Neivton Ahhot : Commercial; Globe, B.T.C. ; Magor's, B.T.C; Queen.) 
Magnificent view from Haldon Hill ; on I. Castle Lawrence. Newton Abbot, 
formerly called Newton Bushel. 

Newton Abbot to Totnes (8 — 191^) ; in ISTewton turn to r., and 
by Two Mile Oak, 185|, Bow Bridge, 188, and l^etherton, 190, it is mostly 
uphill for thefirst half, then up and down hill, one or two of the inclines too 
steep for riding, and the last mile is all downhill to the B. Dart, after 
crossing which there is a steep hill up through the town. 

[There is another route by Asliburton, 187|-,p. 56; at the end of the 
town keep to I. up a long hill, presently followed by a long downhill to 
Staverton Bridge, 192|; after a stiff ascent the rest is pretty level to 
Totnes, 195^] 

(Totnes: Castle; Commercial; Iloyal Seven Stars ; Sejmonr, B.T.C.) 

At Netherton, Im. on I., ruins of Berry Pomeroy Castle. Totnes i.i 
surrounded by very pretty scenery j there are remains of a castle erected in the 
time of William I. 

Totnes to Venn Cross (8 — ^199|) ; a very steep hill to climb out 
of Totnes, then hilly road through "Wonton, 197, with a long descent to 
"New Bridge, 198, and a long hill to rise beyond it ; the road for the first 
3 or 4a)i, is macadam and rather loose, then very good. 



62 

Venn Cross to Ivy Bridge (4^—204) ; take the right hand road, 
rather undulating to Bittaford or Bideford Bridge, 202 (where join the 
direct Exeter and Plymouth road through Ashburton), then a short rise 
and long downhill to Ivy Bridge ; easy and very good road. 

Ivy Bridge to Plymouth (11^— 215i)~p. 66. 

LONDON TO DARTMOUTH. 

London to Exeter (168^) — p. 49. 

Exeter to Star Cross (Si — 177|); in Exeter after passing through 
High street, go down Fore street hill to the R. Exe, and when over the 
bridge turn to I. ; the road is good and undulating through Alphington, 
170^ (in the middle of which turn sharp to Z.), to Exminster, 173, then it 
becomes very hilly through Kenton, 176; keep close to the estuary of the 
R. Exe all the way. 

At Kenton, on L, on banks of B. Exe, is the splendid mansion of Powderham 
Castle. 

Star Cross to Dawlish — (3| — 181^); very hilly but good road through 
Cockwood, 178^, and over Shutton Bridge, 180^. 

(Dawlish: Southwood's London, 7?. T.C ; Queen's.) 

I)awlish is a fashionable watering-place ; on r. Luscombe Castle. 

Dawlish to Teignmouth (3 J — 184f) is nothing but hills; there 
are three to walk up with intervening descents, which at least require very 
careful riding, and finally a descent to walk down into Teignmouth ^n. long, 
very steep, with two sharp turns at the bottom, " Danger Board " on top ; 
good surface, except on the hill. 

[Or from Exeter follow the ISTewton Abbot road to the top of Haldon 
Hill, as at p. 61, then, at the bifurcation 2m. on, keep to Z, ; a mile 
further on is a steepish descent, then after some level is a gradual 
rise on to Little Haldon Hill, whence it is downhill for nearly Sm. into 
Teignmouth, 182^.] 

(Teignmouth: London; Queen's, i^.T.C.) 

Teignmouth is a noted seaside resort ; here are ruins of a fort. 

Teignmouth to Torquay — Strand (8 — 192f); cross the bridge 
over R. Teigu to Shaldon, 186:^, whence is a very steep ascent, Im. long, with 
rather good surface, to Stoke Common (dangerous to descend from sharp 
turn at bottom), then the road is level for about dm., except a short descent 
and ascent, followed by a mile descent to St. Mary's Church, 190i ; here 
keep to r., and it is chiefly uphill through West Hill, 190f, and Upham, 
191^, to Tor Mohun, 191f (keep to I. at Brunswick square), and slight fall 
into Torquay ; this is much the worse road. [There is another road from 
St. Mary's Church by keeping to I. by the seaside ; it is a capital road 
through Babbacombe or Babbicombe, 191:|^, and close by Hope's or Bob's 
Nose, with a moderate descent into Torquay, 193|, at the eastern end.] 

[Or through Newton Ahhot, 183^, p. 61 ; from here keep straight 
on through Ford, 184:^, whence there is a steep ascent on to Milber 
Down, 185^, then it is fairly level by Barton Cross, 187i, to Barton, 
187^, where either keep to I. down through the village into St. Mary's 
Ciiurch, 188, or to r. and ^m. further on is sharp descent, with similar 
ascent nearly to Tor Mohun, 189|, and thence to Torquay, 190^.] 



)3 



{Torquay: Queen's; Imperial; Jordan's; Pavilion Refreshment Rooms; 
Queen's; Royal, i^.T.C. ; Union; Victoria and Albert.) 

Torquay is the chief watering-place in the South of Devon ; its mild and 
salubrious climate is peculiarly adapted for invalids ; it is surrounded by 
picturesque scenery. At Tor Mohun on r., in the mansion of Tor Abbey, spme 
few remains of the ancient monastery are visible. E. of the town is Kent's Hole, 
a cavern interesting to geologists on account of its ossiferous remains. Hope's 
or Bob's Nose is the headland E. of Torquay. On Milber Down the road jmsses 
through an old triple entrenched camp. 

Torquay to Paignton (2^ — 195^) ; turn to r. along the bay, with 
one short rise on the cliJf s, and through Preston, 195 ; at Paignton, if not 
calling, keep straight on to left. 

(Paignton: Crown and Anchor ; Esplanade, C.T.C; Gerston ; Parkfield.) 

Paignton is greatly resorted to as a watering place and for sea bathing, 
having very fine sands. 

Paignton to Brixham (SI — 201) ; by the iN'aval Hospital and Good- 
rington Sands is pretty level to Goodrington, 196f ; then gradual rise to 
Galmpton Warborough T]J., 198, and level (keep to I. past Churston station, 
198f) to Churston Ferrers, 199:^, and mostly downhill to Brixham. [Or at 
Paignton, and again at Paignton Cross keep to r. to Langstone, 196|-, on 
the Newton Abbot road, where turn to I. to Galmpton Warborough Tp., 
198f ; very hilly road.] 

(Brixham: Bolton, C.T.C.', Globe.) 

Beyond Churston Ferrers, on r. Lupton Ho. Brixham is a small fishing port; 
a bone cave similar to Kent's Hole has been found near it. The quay is fm. 
further north of the town. 

Brixham to Dartmouth (5—206) ; long rise out of Brixham to the 
junction with the jSTewton Abbot road at Raddicombe Tp. or Brixham 
Cross, 203:f, and ^m. farther on begins a long, steep, and winding descent 
to Kingswear, 205|^, whence cross by ferry to Dartmouth. Or past 
Baddicombe Tp. keep to r. down a very steep and winding descent to Old 
Rock Inn, whence cross by floating bridge to Dartmouth, 205^. [Or keep 
to r. past Churston Station, 198f , and it is all uphill to Brixham Cross, 
200f , and to Dartmouth, 203^ or 203 as before.] 

{Dartmouth : Royal Castle, B.T.U.) 

Dartmouth is a small seaport, built on a succession of terraces ; fine old 
parish ch. Beautiful scenery up the E. Dart. Remains of castles at Dartmouth 
and Kingswear. 

LONDON TO DAETMOUTH (by Newton Abbot). 

London to Newton Abbot (183^) — p. 61. 

Newton Abbot to Dartmouth (16 — 199^) ; in the former turn to 
r. and follow the Totnes road for l^i., then turn to I. to Abbots Kerswell, 
185^, the road being on the rise mostly, then up a winding ascent and over 
an undulating road through Compton, 188|, to Marldon, 189^, after which 
it becomes more hilly by Five Lanes, 190, Langstone, 192, and Galmpton 
Tp., 194, whence by Brixham Cross, 196f, to Kingswear, 199, and by ferry 
or floating bridge to Dartmouth as above. [Or in Newton Abbot keep 
straight on to Ford, 184rf, here turn to r. for Km»'s Kerswell, 186, all an 
undulating road; out of this is a long, stiff ascent, and after a couple of 
miles of level riding, join the above road at Five Lanes, 190.} 



64 

At Five Lanes on Z. to Paignton (1| — 191|) ; tiearly all downhill. 
At Galmpton Tj). on I. to BriKham (2j — 196!). 

LONDON TO DARTMOUTH (by Totnes). 

London to Totnes (191^) — p. 61. 

Totnes to Dartmouth (10 — 201^) ia a very hilly and very bad 
road ; through Totnes turn sharp to I. ; an ascent (keeping to I. again at 
•|m.), and a mile of level and downhill lead to Bow Bridge, 1941^; about ^vi. 
farther, beyond Tuckenhay, 195, is a steep and winding ascent, and then 
all up and downhill by Tidaford, 196^, and Ditsham Cross, 197f , to Norton 
House, 199^, soon after which begins a long and, in places, steep descent 
into Dartmouth. 

Before Norton House, on I., Woodbury Camp. 

LONDON TO KINGSBEIDGE. 

London to Totnes (1911)— p. 61. 

Totnes to Kingsbridge (12—203^) ; through Totnes turn sharp 
to Z., and beginning with an ascent the road is all up and down hill through 
Harbertonford, 194^, to Halwell, 196|, then (keeping to I. and shortly after 
to r.) there is a long, but comparatively easy pull up by Stanborough 
House to Mounts, 200|, then level, with a short but ste^p descent into 
Kingsbridge. 

{Kingsbndje : King's Arms, B.T.C.) 

LONDON TO PLYMOUTH (by Modbiiry). 

London to Venn Cross (199|)— p. 61. 

Venn Cross to Modbury (4 — 2031) ; keep to Z. ; undulating road 
by Dunwell Cross, 201i, Ball Cross, 201f , and Mary Cross, 202^. On the 
reverse journey keep to I. at Mary Cross. 

[There is another route by Totnes, 191^, p. 61, thence to Halwell, 196|. 
above; here turn to r., and level by Morleigh, 197^, except steep winding 
descent at Storridge Mill, 199^, to Gerah Bridge, 199f, followed by long 
ascent and descent to Brownstone, 201^ ; from here is a long rise most of 
the way to Mary Cross, 203^. 

Or from Tutncs through Inglebourn and Luckbridge to Brownstone, 

200| ; very hilly.] 

(Modhury : DavWs, B.T.C.) 

At Modbury are to be seen remains of a Benedictine priory, also ruins of 
Modbury Ho. 

Modbury to Brixton (7— 210|); in Modbury turn to r., and the 
road continues rather hilly over Sequer's Bridge, 205^, Yealm Bridge, 208^, 
and through Yealmpton, 209. 

Before Brixton, on I., Kitley Park. 

Brixton to Plymouth (5^—216); to Elburton, 212|,is veryundula- 
tinf^, and then on the fall to the Laira Bridge, a mile before Plymouth, 
where cross the Catwater or R. Plym, and directly after join the road from 
Ridgeway on r. [Or in Brixton turn to r., undulating for a mile, then a 
stiff hill to climb, with steep descent to walk down into Plympton Earle, 
212^, whence to Ridgeway, 213, and to Plymouth, 21 7f, p. 56.] 

Xt Plympton Earle, remains of Castle. 



65 

LONDON TO LAND'S END (by Tavistock). 

London to Exeter (168^)— p. 49. 

Exeter to Moreton Hampstead (12 — 180|); in Exeter, after pass- 
ing through High street, go down Fore street hill to R. Exe, and when 
over the bridge, keep straight on by the middle road through the suburb 
of St. Thomas, over the hill and down to Pocomb Bridge, 171 ; from here 
is an ascent to Longdown, and after Longdown End, 172|,. it is down hill 
by Culverhouse, 17ij, to Great Oak, 175^, and a rise and fall to Dnnsford, 
1761 ; shortly after cross J?. Tamar, and there is a long rise through 
Bridford \Yood and again by Doccombe, 179, followed by stiff descents to 
Kmg's Bridge, 180, and rise into the town. 

(2Iuyeton Hampstead: White Hart, B.T.C.) 

Moreton Hampstead is on the verge of Dartmoor, has a handsome c/i., and 
remains of two castles. In the neighbourhood are several Druidical remains, and 
2 or 3»i. N. are three ancient hill fortresses, Cranbrook Castle, Preston Berry 
Castle, and Wooston Castle. 

Moreton Hampstead to Two Bridges (13| — 191'^) ; by Bughead 
Cross, 182, the road is undulating to Worm Hill Bridge, 183, then it begins 
to ascend over Worm Hill, 183 5^, and by Beetor Cross, 183f, a little beyond 
which enter Dartmoor Forest, and the ascent continues more or less past 
New House, 187^, to Merripit Hill, 188^, followed by a mile run down to 
Post Bridge {B. Dart) ; the rest is nearly half uphill and half down. 

Beyond Two Bridges, on Z., is the large convict prison. 

Two Bridges to Tavistock (8 — 202|) ; take the right hand road, 
and after a stiff ascent the road falls rapidly to Merivale Bridge, 197i-, then 
another short ascent and again downhill (leaving Dartmoor Forest 2m. 
further) through Tavy Town, 201^, to Tavistock, crossing B. Tavy at the 
entrance of the town. 

(Tavistocli : Bedford, B.T.C. ; Queen's Head.) 

At Tavistoek there are remains of the splendid abbey founded in the 10th 
century ; ancient parish ch. 

Tavistock to Callington (9 — 211|) ; in Tavistock turn to I., and 
and from Lumber Bridge, 203f, is a stiff hill up to Gulworthy, 204|-, 
followed by a similar descent to ISTew Bridge, 205f {R. Tamar), then (keep- 
ing to I.) a long steep hill to walk up on to Hingston Down, after crossing 
which a dm. descent, in some parts very steep, leads down into Callington. 

{Callington: Gelding's, ^.T.a) 

Callington to Liskeard (8— 219i) ; downhill to :N"ew Bridge, 212f, 
then a short steep ascent, and after a little level past Appledore Down the 
road is nearly all downhill through St. Ive, 215^, to Cornbrow, 216f, uphill 
to Pengover, 217^, and another down and up to Liskeard. 

Liskeard to Land's End (73| — 292f) ; through Lostwithiel, 230, 
and St. Austell, 238|— p. 57. 

^n. before Lumber Bridge on I. to Beer Alston (6 — 209f ), thence to Beer 
Ferris (2 — 211|) ; hilly road by Eoman's Lee and over Morwell Down and 
Alston Down. 

LONDON TO TAVISTOCK (by Okehampton). 

London to Okehampton (190f ) — p. 50. 

Okehampton to Downton (8 — 198|) ; follow the Launceston road 



66 

to Sourfcon Down, as at p. 50, and o^m, out of Okehampton take left hand 
road, all up and down hill through Sourton, 195|-, and Southerleigh, 196f . 
Downton to Tavistock (8| — 20 7i) ; taking the right hand road, after 
a .short pull up there is a sharp fall into and through Lidford, 199f , out of 
which a short but very awkward drop should be walked down to the bridge 
over the B. Lid ; fi'om here it is nearly all uphill to Brent Tor Tg., 203^, 
on Heath Field, and thence downhill to Tavistock. [Or from Downton by 
the left hand road, crossing over Black Down a part of Dartmoor, half 
chiefly uphill and half down ; about same distance.] 

At Lidford are the ruins of a castle ; pretty scenery. On Brent Tor is a ch., 
whicli forms a prominent landmark at sea. 

LONDON TO FOWEY. 

London to Plymouth (211^) — p. 66. 

Plymouth to Crafthole (8|— 2192)— p. 56. 

Crafthole to East Looe (9^ — 229^) ; keep to I. and up a gradual 
ascent along the top of the cliffs to St. Grerman s Beacon, 221|;, followed 
— ^turning inland — by a downhill more or less past Minerd Cross, 223f , to 
the pretty village of Hessenford, 224;f ; out of this, after crossing B. Seaton 
there is another long hill to mount past Short Cross, 226^ (where keep to I.), 
on to Bin Down, then mostly on the fall to St. Martin's, 228^, from which 
is a winding descent through a wood into East Looe. 
At St. Martin's, Iwt. on r. across E. Looe, is Trenant Park. 

East Looe to Fowey {ch., 9| — 239); cross the narrow bridge over 
the B. Looe to West Looe, 229^, out of which is a hill to ride up with a 
short fall into Talland, 231, and then a fairly level road rune through 
Polperro, 232^, and Carneggan, 236, to Tredudwell, 236^, descent to Gregon, 
237^, another rise out of it, and a sharp downhill leads into Bodinnock, 
238f , whence cross the harbour to 1^'owey ; splendid road, except from West 
Looe to Polperro which is said to be impracticable even for carriages. The 
better way is to keep to r. ^m. beyond West Looe and by South Wayland 
Pulpit, 230^, (keep to r.) Wayland, 231^, (keep to I. and again 2nd on I.) to 
Polperro, 234. 

[Or to LostwifJiiel, 230, p. 6o, thence I. to Fowey, 5| — 235|.] 

{Fowey : Commercial; Ship, ^.r.C) 

Fov>'ey is an old-fashioned seaport ; close to, amidst pretty scenery, are the 
old Castle and the ruins of St. Saviour's Chapel; handsome ch. Near the town, 
Menabillj Ho. 

LONDON TO MEVAGISSEY. 

London to St. Austell (238|)— p. 65. 

St. Austell to Mevagissey (7 — 245|) ; in St. Austell turn to I. by 
the ch., and for a considerable distance a tramway is laid along the road, 
which follows the valley of a small stream down to Pentewan, 243^, on the 
coast, then a hill has to be mounted, and after Im. of level is a short but 
^harp descent into Mevagissey. 

LONDON TO FALMOUTH (by Tregony). 

London to St. Austell (238^)— p. 65. 

St. Austell to Trego ny (7^ — 246^) ; hilly through Higher Sticker 



67 

241, and Hewes Water, 24i|, to Teags Tpg., 242, where turn to ?., and it is 
an undulating road with a descent into and through the town. 

About 2m. before Tregony, Im. on i., is a large ancient circular camp or 
entrenchment. 

Tregony to St. Mawes (9^ — 255f ) ; undulating road by Little 
Trengrowse, 218 (keep to r.), Three Gates 250, Trewarlas, 251, CargurreJ, 
252, and Trewithan, 252^ (keep to r.), to Tregear, 253 (a little after keep 
to r), then short fall and rise to St. Just, 254:^, and after a mile of level a 
descent into St. Mawes. 

At St. Mawes is an old castle. 

St. Mawes to Falmouth (2| — 258^) ; cross Falmouth Harbour by 
steamer. 

LONDON TO LAND'S END (by Kedruth). 

London to St. Michael (243|)— p. 50. 

St. Michael to Redruth (13 — 256f ) ; a short distance beyond St. 
Michael keep to r., and through Zealla, 247j, past Perran's Alms Houses, 
249^, and through Black Water, 253|. 

Im. before Black Water on r. to St. Agnes, (3| — 256.) 

[Or to Truro, 250f, p. 50, thence on r. to Redruth, 8| — 259:^; or to 
junction of the road \in. before Black Water, 258|, and forward to Bedruthy 
261i] 

(Redruth : Tapp's.) 

About Im. S.VY. of Redruth is Carn Brea Hill, on which are several Druidical 
remains, and near to is Cam Brea Castle. Eednith. is the centre of a tin and 
copper mining district. 

Redruth to Camborne (3^—260^) ; through Pool, 258|. 

(Camborne: Commercial; Tyack's.) 

2ni. I. of Camborne is Pendarves. On the coast, 2m. on r., Tehidy Park. 
Between the two towns are the Dolcoath and Cook's Kitchen minf s, the former 
the deepest in the county, 

Camborne to Guildford (5| — 265^) ; through Treswithian, 261« 
Conner, 262^, and Angarrack, 264|. 

From Guildford on r. to St. Ives, (5^—2701). 

(St. Ives : Queen's ; Trewren's ; Western.) 

At Conner, on r., Clowance Park. So. Ives is chiefly devoted to the pilchard 
fishery. .2m. r. of Conner on the shore of St. Ives' Bay, remains of the ch. of 
St Gwythian, whicli was buried in tjie sands for centuries. 

Guildford to Penzance (9^— 274f) ; through St. Erth, 268, 
Treloweth, 269, Ludgwan, 271i, and Gulvall, 273|. 
At Ludgwan on I. to Marazioii (2 — 273j) 
At Treloweth on r. to St. Ives (4| — 273i), through Lelaut, 270^. 

Penzance to Land's End (11 — 285f) — p. 51. 

LONDON TO TRURO (by Camelford). 

London to Laiunceston (209:^) — p. 50. 

Launceston to Hall worthy (9 — 218^); in Launceston turn to r., 
R.nd from the suburb of Newport, 209f , there is a long gradual ascenD 

T 2 



68 

through St. Stephen's, 210^, on to St. Stephen's Down, 210f, (at the 
beginning of which turn to I.), and then an undulating road through Eglos- 
kerry, 212, over Tremeer Down, 2141^, and by Trenegloss (near on I.) 215^^, 
with a long rise to Hallworthy ; limestone road, rather rough. [Or keep 
straight through Launceston, long hill out of the town, through Trebursey, 
211:|-, then ^n. beyond take right hand road and it is pretty level by Piper's 
Pool, 214, and over Laneast Down.] 

At Hallworthy on r. to Bossiney [71 — 225f). 
(Bossiney : VVarncliffe Arms, H. T.C. ; Fry's Boarding House.) 
Near Bossiney are the rains of Tintagel Castle, or King Arthur's Castle. 
Grand scenery. 4m. N. is Boscastle, over moderate but hilly road. 

Hallworthy to Camelford (5| — 223f ) ; pretty level to Davidstow, 
219|, out of which is a long descent and then long hill to mount. 

[Or ^m. beyond Hick's Mill, 214^ — p. 50, by right hand road through 
Lower Tregunnan, 216j, to Camelford, 2241-.] 

At Davidstow on r. to Bossiney (6 — 225f), bad road for bicycling. Or 
from Camelford to Bossiney (5 — 226|), but it is a rather difficult road to find. 

{Camelford: Darlington; King's Arms, i?. T.C.) 

Near Camelford was fought the battle that proved fatal to King Arthur. 

Camelford to Wadebridge (lOf — 234|) ; beyond Camelford ascent 
for ?>in., through Tremagennow, 224f, (keep to r.), and Helson or Helstone, 
22of, to St. Teath, 227i, then undulating through Treelill, 229^ Highway, 
231, and Three Holes Cross, 233, with a stiff descent to Wadebridge. 

At St. Teath on r. through St. Endellion to Padstow (11^—2381). Or 
from Wadebridge by Halsar's Grave, 236f , on r. to St. Issey, 238|, and Little 
Petherick, 239^, to Padstow, 242. 

{Wadebridge : Commercial, B.T.C. ; Molesworth Arms). 

2 oi; 3!)i. W. of Wadebridge, Trevose Head, Pentire Point, St. Enodock ch., 
De la Bole slate quarries ; good undulating roads. 

"Wadebridge to St. Columb (9 — 243 1) ; very good and fairly level 
road by Halsar's Grave, 236f , and JSTo Man's Land, 237f, to within 3»i. of 
St. Columb, when it becomes bad and hilly. 

{St. Columh : Barley Sheaf; King's Arms; Red Lion, B.T.C.) 

At St. Columb is a fine gothic ch. 

St. Columb to Pradden (3| — 247) ; bad and hilly road for S^w., 
when it joins the main Bodmin and Truro road. 

Fradden to Truro (11|— 258|)— p. 50. 

LONDON TO STRATTON. 

London to Exeter (168|)— p. 49. 

Exeter to Crediton (7^—176); keep straight through Exeter and 
then up a gradual ascent through St. David's, 169, and most of the way to 
Cowley Bridge, 170^ (cross B. Exe), whence the road is rather hilly, follow- 
ing the edge of the valley through ISTewton St. Cyres, 173, to Crediton. 

{Crediton: Angel ; Railway ; Ship.) 

At Crediton, elegant ch. with fine altar-piece. N. of the town Creedy So. 

Crediton to Bow alias Nymet Tracey (7|— 183|) ; in Crediton 
turn to l, and out of the town is an ascent of 2m. but not difficult, then 



69 

level past Barnstaple Cross, 178^, with a short descent into and ascent out 
of Colford, 180, and except another fall and rise at Gay's Lake, 181f , the 
rest is level with a downhill through Bow. [Or at Barnstaple Cross by the 
right fork, and, except a descent into and ascent out of Copplestone, 180|-, 
where keep to I., it is fairly level, joining the above road entering Bow.] 

Bow to Hatherleigh (13 — 196 1); up and down hill all the way 
through Stone Cross, 186 (keep to r.), E"orth Tawton, 187|, Sampford 
Courtney, 189|-, Exbourne, 191f, across R, Okement, through Jacoustow, 
193, over Beckamoor and through Bassels Gate, 195|. 

[Or to Okehampton, 190| — p. 50 ; thence, after crossing B. Okement, 
keep to r. and by Five Oaks, 192 1, to Uatherleigh, 197|; rather hilly.] 

Hatherleigh to Holsworthy (13| — 210) ; in Hatherleigh keep to 
I., and it is a very hilly road over Eundon JNIoor (at 2|m. from Hatherleigh 
keeping to r., on I. to Launceston, 17 Im.) and Pul worthy Moor to Golden 
Inji, 200|, then taking second turn to r. llm. further, over Hill, King's, 
and Gadand's Moors, past Brandis Corner, 205, over Beacon Field, 
Eastcombe Moor and Simpson Moor. 

At " Golden Inn," on r. to Sheepwasli (1|— 202). 

{Holsworthy : Brendon's Stanhope, B.T.C.) 

Holsworthy to Stratton (8 — 218) ; in Holsworthy turn to r. and 
through Ridon, 211, over Killatree Moor, Weekstone Bridge, 213^, and 
Tamerstone Bridge, 214 j (where cross U. Tamar); hilly road, and long 
descent into Stratton. 

(Stratton: Tree.) 

Nearly 2m. beyond Stratton is Bude Haven. 

LONDON TO EXETER (by Amesbury). 

London to Andover (63|) — p. 58. 

Andover to Amesbury (14 — 77|) ; just out of Andover at the 
railway station keep to v., and through Weyhill, 6Ql (keep to I.), by Mollen's 
Pond, 68|-, near Thruxton and Quarley, past Park House, 72|, and Haradon 
Hill, 74, is a difficult bicycling road ; there are two high hills to cross, and 
the surface is rough in many places ; a lot of walking is necessary in either 
direction, and the last descent into Andover on the reverse journey should 
be taken cautiously. 

(Amesbury : George.) 

At Weyhill a large sheep fair is held for the week after 28th Sept. Near 
Quarley, 2m, S. on Quarley Hill, is an old British entrenchment. At Amesbury, 
on r., Amesbury Ho., where the poet Gay Uved with his patron, the Duke of 
Queensbury. Beyond Park House, Im. on I., Wilbury Park. 

Amesbury to Long Barrow Cross (3| — 81) ; leaving Amesbury, 
after crossing!^. Avon, the road bears to r. up a short rise and down again ; 
after this a long and very stiff ascent has to be mounted leading on to 
Salisbury Plain, and after a little level ground Stoneheuge comes in sight 
on an opposite hill, before which two short but sharp falls with an inter- 
vening rise have to be negotiated ; at the bottom of the second descent keep 
to I., at 79lm., just before crossing to Stonehenge (which is close to the 
road side at the top of a very stiff ascent on the right hand fork), and 
having mounted a rather steep hill the rest is pretty level to Long Barrow 



70 

Cross, where the Salisbury and Devizes road crosses ; except for a few- 
stones sometimes on the hills the surface (flint) is capital and smooth to the 
fork roads, but thence deteriorates to the Devizes road, being rough and 
stony. 

Nearly Im. out of Amesbury on r., an old British earthwork, called Yes- 
pasian's Camp. The interesting and wonderful remains of Stonehenge, generally 
supposed to have been a Druidical Temple, consists of two circles of stones, the 
outer of 24 and the inner of 19, more than half still standing ; it is surrounded 
by numerous barrows on the Downs ; on the N. is a wide avenue leading to the 
Cursus, which is 2m. in length, the whole being enclosed between 2 ditches. On 
the southern horizon the spire of Salisbury Cathedral is visible 7m. distant. 

Long Barrow Cross to Deptford Inn (5| — 86f); after |m. there 
is a steep descent to Winterbourne Stoke, 82|, tlien a good rise out of it, 
and a pretty level run across Salisbury Plain for 2lm., with a long downhill 
to Deptford Inn ; not a very good road. 

2 or 3m. past Winterbourn, on r., Yarnbury Castle, a British entrenchment 
and Roman camp. 

Deptford Inn to "Willougliby Hedge (9| — 96i) ; keeping to L, 
cross the valley to Wiley, 87^, out of which is a steep ascent, then a hilly 
road past Stockham Wood, by New Inn, 92^, up Chicklade Bottom, and 
through Chicklade, 93| ; this road is almost unrideable. [Or at New Inn 
turn to I. and go through Hindon, 94-^, to Willonghby Hedge, 97.] 

At Hindon, Im. on L, ruins of Fonthill Abbey. At Willoughby Hedge, on Z., 
Knoyle Court. 

Willoughby Hedge to Mere (4 — 100?) ; a mile beyond Willoughby 
Hedge keep to I. ; a long descent into Mere. 
{Mere: Talbot, B.T.C.) 
At Mere, on Castle Hill, slight remains of a castle. 

Mere to "Wincanton (7i — 107|); a mile out of Mere keep to Z., and 
it is very undulating through Long Cross, lOlf, Zeal's Green, 102|, 
Bourton, 103f , Leigh Common and Bayford, 106| ; a rough macadam road 
made of a soft greasy looking stone. 

( Wincanton : Greyhound, £. T. C.) 

At Zeal's Green, on r., Im. Stowhead Park and Eo., also, near the village of 
Penselwood, or Penzlewood, are the Pen Pits, of great extent, and supposed to 
be the site of a prehistoric British town : Castle Orchard. 

Wincanton to Sparkford (7^ — 115) ; in Wincanton turn to 7., and 
keeping to r. Iw. beyond, it is an up and down hill road, through Helton, 
109^, Blackford, 111^, and Cadbury, 113 ; bad macadam surface, of a soft 
and greasy looking stone. 

Near Cadbury, on I., Cadbury Castle or Camalet, an ancient British hill 
fortress, said to have formerly been a mile in circuit, guarded by 4 trenches and 
ramparts, and in the centre is a mound, called King Arthur's Palace ; numerous 
antiquities have been found here. 

Sparkford to Ilehester (5| — 120|); out of Sparkford is a steep 
ascent over Camel Hill (near to the top keep to the r.) and after a little 
level ground there is a long descent, and then (at the next bifurcation 
taking left hand road) nearly level through Northover Tjp., 120:^. 

Ilchester was the Roman Ischalis, and an impoi'tant town in Saxon times, 
but it is now in a declining state; the old fosse way from Lincoln and BaLb 
passes through it j very old ch. Roger Bacon was born here. 



71 

Ilchester to Petlierton Bridge (6 — 126|) is a straight undulating 
road, following the old Eoman Fosse Way. 

^. before Petherton Bridge on I. to GrewTcerne (6 — 132). 

Petlierton Bridge to Ilminster (6 — 132|) ; rather hilly road by 
Watergure, 127|, and White Cross, 128|, to Seavington, 129^, then a long 
ascent to White Lackington, 131, followed by a hill to ride down into 
Ilminster ; rather bumpy road to White Cross, then capital surface to 
Ilminster. [Or just beyond Petherton Bridge on r. through South Pether- 
ton, 127^, and by Lopen Head to Seavington, distance about the same; 
road very bumpy to Lopen Head, and then good.] On the reverse journey 
just out of Ilminster keep to I. 

(Ilminster : Dolphin; George, B.T.C.) 

Near Seavington, 2m. on L, Hinton Ho. and Park ; on r., Dillington So. 
At Ilminster, fine old Gothic ch. 

Ilminster to Honiton (17 — 149^) ; through Horton, 134, and by 
Broadway, 136^, after which the road goes through a wild mountainous 
tract of country, passing Buckland St. Mary, 138|, Heathfield Arms, 141, 
Knightshayne, 142, and Devonshire Arms, 143f, whence it is mostly down- 
hill through Monkton, 147^. [Or in Ilminster turn to I., and a little 
downhill to Sea, 134^, then chiefly uphill over Chard Down to Chard, 5 — 137|^, 
thence to Honiton, 12 — 149| — p. 49.] 

At Buckland St. Mary, 2m. on r., Castle Neroche, an immense entrenched 
hill. 

Honiton to Exeter (161— 166)— p. 49. 

LONDON TO EXETER (by Hindon). 

London to Barford St. Martin (87>— p. 48. 

Barford St. Martin to Sindon (9|— 96|) ; through Dinton, 89^, 
Teffont Magna, 91^, Chilmark, 92f, Bishops Fonthill, 95, and Berwick St. 
Leonards 95|-, an up and down road, two or three stiffish hills, and gentle 
descent into and through Hindon ; chalk flint, fairly good road ; scenery 
dreary. 

At Fonthill, on L, Fonthill Abbey So., in beautiful grounds. 

Hindon to Willougliby Hedge (2| — 99^) is a similar kind of road. 
Willoughby Hedge to Exeter (69|— 169)— p. 70 and above. 

LONDON TO AXMINSTER (by Crewkerne.) 

London to Crewkerne (132) — ^p. 48. 

Crewkerne to Marshalsea (5| — 137^); through Crewkerne keep 
to I., and almost level through Hewish, 133, to Seaborongh, 134^, then 
hilly. 

Marshalsea to Axminster (6| — 144^) — p. 61. 

[Or through Crewkerne to Windwhistle, 136 — p. 49, then a littlo 
further keep to I., and through White Gate, 138|, Titherleigh 141^, and 
over Weycrof t Bridge, 143, to Axminster, 145^] 



12 

LONDON TO WINCANTON (by Shaftesbury.) 

London to Shaftesbury (101)— p. 48. 

Shaftesbury to Gillinghara (4| — 105|); long and steep zigzag 
descent to walk down from Shaftesbury, then the road is undulating over 
Ledden Bridge, 105, and the railway bridge. 

{Gillingham : Phoenix, B.T.C. ; Southwestern.) 

Gillingham to Wincanton (6| — 112) ; rather rough and narrow- 
road through Cucldington, 109, out of which is a steep descent, then 
undulating through Stoke Trister, 110, and Bayford, 111, where join the 
main London road through Mere. [Or instead of turning to I. for 
Cucklington keep straight on and join the London road 2m. before Bayford.] 

LONDON TO SHERBOENE (by Wincanton.) 

London to Wincanton (107^) — p. 70. 

Wincanton to Sherborne (9| — 117) ; a mile out of "Wincanton, on 
the Sparkford road, turn to Z., and shortly after take the road to r,, which 
is uphill for nearly 2m. ; then comes a steep winding descent to Charleton 
Horethorne, 112|-, which the bicyclist must beware against riding down, 
and after that the road is more or less downhill to Sherborne. 

LONDON TO YEOVIL (by Sparkford.) 

London to Sparkford (115)— p. 70. 

Sparkford to Yeovil (7| — 122f ) ; out of Sparkford is a steep ascent 
over Camel Hill (near tlie top of which keep to I.), followed by a steep 
crooked descent into Queen Camel, 116^, then undulating through Marston 
Magna, 118|, and Mudford, 120^. 

LONDON TO ILMINSTER (by Yeovil.) 

London to Yeovil (122i)— p. 48. 

Yeovil to Petherton Bridge (7^ — 129f) ; rough and very bumpy 
road through Preston Plucknett, 123|- (a mile beyond keep to r.), Odcomb, 
1251^, Montacute, 126i-, Stoke-under-Handon, 127i, and West Stoke, 1285-, 
joining the road from Ilchester ^m. before Petherton Bridge, 

Petherton Bridge to Ilminster (6 — 135f) — p. 71. 

LONDON TO HARTLAND. 

London to Sparkford (115)— p. 70. 

Sparkford to Langport (12| — 127|) ; out of Sparkford is a steep 
ascent over Camel Hill (near the top keep to r.), and after a little level 

f round there is a long descent, and then at the next bifurcation 3m. from 
parkford keep to r. ; it is a good road and nearly level through Pudimore 
Milton, 119, a mile beyond which cross the old Posse Way from Bath to 
Ilchester, and then through Long Sutton, 124|-, Pisbury, 1265-, and Huish 
Episcopi, 127. 

{JLangport ; Langport Arms, B,T.C,) 



73 

Langport to Taunton (13| — 141) ; ascent out of Langpoi-t, tKeti 
pretty level through Curry Kivell, 129f , to Swell Hill, 131^, where there is 
a long descent, which is continued more or less past Rock House Inn, 133 if, 
(keep to r.) to Wrantage, 134|, and then undulating by Mattock Tree, 137, 
to Taunton ; excellent road. At Mattock Tree on the reverse journey keep 
to I. at the top of the hill. 

(Taunton: Blae Anchor; Castle j Clarke's, B.T.C.\ George; London; 
Railway.) 

At Taunton, remains of the castle, founded by Ina, 700, and rebuilt aftrr 
the conquest, but the west wing is supposed to be part of the original building ; 
St James' ch. is supposed to have been erected in the 13th century; St. Mary's 
ch. is a handsome building, with curious roof, &c. 

Taunton to Wellington (7 — 148) ; long but easy rise out of Taunton, 
and the rest through Bishop's Hull, 142f, Rumwell, 144, and Chilson, 
147, is an undulating and splendid road. 

{Wellington: Half Moon; Squirrel, B.T.C.; Temperance Refreshment 
Rooms.) 

About Im. before Chilson, on r., Heatherton Park. Wellington ch. has a 
magnificent tomb of Sir John Popham, and the altar-piece is considered one of 
the finest in England. 

Wellington to South Appledore {61 — 154|) ; after passing Rock- 
well Green, 149, good and fairly level road to Beambridge, then long and 
rather steep ascent to White Ball Inn, 151, situate on a part of the Black 
Down Hilla, which cross to Maiden Down, 152^, and the rest is chiefly down 
hill, the last part being a very dangerous descent into South Appledore, 
steep and covered with loose stones. 

At Maiden Down, on I., the Wellington Monumont, in commemoration of 
Waterloo, from which is a fine view, including the Welsh Coast and the Mendip 
Hills. About 4m. S.E., on Black Down Hills, Hemyock Castle, a large entrenched 
hill. 

South Appledore to Tiverton (7| — 162^) ; long and easy descent 
from South Appledore (a mile beyond keep to r.), then uphill over Ashford 
Moor and through Sampford Peverel, 157i, followed Im. further by easy 
descent into Halberton, 159^^, and the last 2m. down hill; good road. On 
the reverse journey, just out of Tiverton keep to I. 

(Tiverton: Angel; Palmerston, ^.T.C) 

At Tiverton, remains of castle, built in 1106 ; fine modern ch., with beautiful 
altar-piece, &c. ; free grammar school, town hall, &c. The chief manufactory is 
lace. S. of town is Collipriest Ho. 

Tiverton to South Molton (IS^— 180|) ; after a stiff ascent out of 
Tiverton, the road continues more or less on the rise through Calverleigh, 
164|, and North Sidborough, ending with a rather long and stiff ascent on 
to Gibbet Moor, 167f, then a descent of 2m., followed by a steep hill to 
climb through Rackenford, 170J, (where turn to r.) ; after that the road is 
very hilly, crossing over Ash Moor, 172^ — 174|, and by Ash Mill, 176, 
and Bush Bridge, 178^, where the Dulverton Road joins in on r. ; for the 
most part the road is very rough and rutty. 

(South Molton: George, £.T.C. ; White Hart.) 

South Molton ch., erected in the 15th century, has a fine carved stone pulpit 
and altar-piece, &c. In the parish is the Flitton Oak, of great age and size. N. 
of the town extends Exmoor, the haunt of the red deer* 



74 

South Molton to Barnstaple (Hi-— 192^) ; Im. beyond the former 
keep to r., and the road affords capital running through North Hill, 182:^, 
Filleigh, 183f, Kerscot, 186 (keep to I.), Hanaford, 187^, Landkey, 190, and 
Newport, 19li ; rather hilly, but there are no hills of any difficulty. 

(Barnstaple: Gaydon's Restaurant; Golden Lion ; King's Arms ; Royal and 
Fortescne, 5.r.C. ; Trevelyan Temperance.) 

At Filleigh, on r., Castle Hill, the splendid mansion of Earl Fortescue. At 
Barnstaple was formerly a castle built by King Athelstan, but only a mound now 
marks its site. SS. Peter and Paul c^.was built about 1318; the bridge over the 
R. Taw is older still. Beyond the town, Pilton ch., formerly part of a priory 
founded by King Athelstan, and containing a curious pulpit. There are many 
pretty rides and drives in the neighbourhood; 3m. S.W., Tawstock ch. 

Barnstaple to Bideford (8^— 200f ) ; in Barnstaple turn to I. and 
cross B. Taw, f?n. further keep to r., and the road is undulating but 
chiefly uphill for 2 or 3m., then is on the fall through Holmacot, 196f, and 
East Leigh, 198|- ; fair road. 

At Bideford on r. through Northam to Apjiledore (3 — 203f ), near which 
is Westward Ho ! both at the mouth of the Taw. 

(Bideford: Commercial; 'New Jnn, B.T.C. ; Newfoundland.) 

Bideford to Hartland (131—2141) ; rather hilly road by Knotty 
Corner, 203^, Fairy Cross, 204^, Horn's Cross, 20of , Holwell, 206|, West 
Buckish, 208f , and Ditchen Hills, 210|. 

At Ditchen Hills on r. to CloveUy (1:| — 212); a small village romantically 
situated on the coast. 

(Clovelly : King's Arms.) 

At Clovelly is Clovelly Court. At Hartland remains of the abbey. 

LONDON TO TAUNTON (by Ilminster). 

London to Ilminster (132^) — p. 71. 

Ilminster to Taunton (12| — 145) ; keep straight through Hminster 
and descent from the town, then very hilly road through Horton, 134|- 
(turn to r.), Ashill, 136|-, over Ashill Forest, through Hatch Beauchamp, 
139:|- (keep to I.), to Mattock Tree, 141^, where join the main London road. 

Beyond Horton, on r., Jordans. At Hatch Beauchamp, on r., Hatch Court. 

LONDON TO TIVEETON (by Honiton). 

London to Honiton (149^)— p. 71. 

Honiton to Cullompton (lOJ — 160) ; in Honiton turn to r., and 
through Awliscombe, 161^, the road is a succession of small hills for the 
first 3m., then a steep ascent over a spur of the Black Down Hills to 
Hembury Fort House, 153:^, and descent to be walked down the other side 
to Colleton, 155, the rest being a good but rather hilly road tlu-ough Dilford, 
156|, and over Kentisbeare Moor. 

:|m. before Colleton on r. to Broadhembury (1 — 156|). 

On r. pass Hembury Fort, a Roman encampment. At Cullompton, fine old ch. 

Cullompton to Tiverton (5^ — 165^) ; in Cullompton turn first to I. 
and then to r. ; the road is chiefly uphill to White Down, 163, whence there 
is a steep wmding descent into Tiverton. On the reverse journey keep to 



75 

r. just out of Tiverton. [Or a better road, tliougli rather liilly, is to take 
the Taunton road from Cullompton to Willand, 2^, and at Willand Moor 
^m. further turn to I. to Halberton, 5^, on Taunton and Tirerton road, 
whence to Tiverton, 3 — 8^ — as at p. 73.] 

LONDON TO HARTLAND (by Somerton.) 

London to Willoughby Hedge (96^)— p. 70. 

Willoughby Hedge to Redlinch (11 — 107i) ; a mile beyond 
Willouojhby Hedge keep to r., and over Mere Down for 2 or 3in., then, after 
a steep crooked descent, an undulating road by Red Lion, 101^, Long Lane 
End (Kilmington) lOlf, past Stourhead Park for 2m., when there is King's 
Settle Hill to descend, and the rest pretty level through Hard way, 105|. 

On the edge of Mere Down, on Z., White Sheet Castle, an ancient encampment. 
At Kilmington, on I., Stonrhead Bo. In the Park at the top of King's Settle 
Hill, on I., Alfred Tower, from which is a splendid view; Im. beyond it, Jack's 
Castle, an ancient encampment. 

Redlincli to Castle Gary (Almsford Inn, 4| — lllg); past Rediinch 
Park, through Shepton Montague, 108|, Higher Shepton, 109|^, and then 
take 4th turning on r. for Castle Gary. [Or at Rediinch turn to r. through 
Bruton, 108f, and Pitcombe, 110:^, joining the other road Im. beyond to 
Castle Gary, 113. Or beyond railway, out of Bruton, keep to r. and through 
Honeywick, 110^, to Castle Cary, 11 1^.] 

{Bruton: Blue Ball, B.T.C.— Castle Gary : George, B.T.C.) 
At Bruton, fine ch. Castle Cary is a small old-fashioned town, lying chiefly 
on I. of the road ; the Castle, from which the name was derived, was destroyed in 
the reign of Stephen, and oiily a mound marks the site ; in the old manor house, 
now in ruins, Charles II. took refuge after the battle of Worcester. Beautiful ch. 
of the time of Henry VI. 

Castle Cary to Somerton (10|— 122) ; through Clanville, 112^, 
Alford, 113|, Lydford, 116^ (where cross the Fosse Way), Keinton 
Mandeville, 117^, and King Weston, 118f , is a hilly road, with a long downhill 
to Somerton. 

{Somerton : Red Lion, B.T.C.) 

Somerton is supposed to have been a Eoman fortress, it was afterwards a 
residence of the Saxon Kings ; there are some slight remains of the castle ; 
ancient ch. 

Somerton to Langport (4 — 126) ; on the reverse journey keep to 
I. in Langport. 

Langport to Hartland (86|— 212f) through Taunton, 139^, 
Wellington 146^, South Appledore, 153, Tiverton, 160|, South Molton, 
179i Barnstaple, 190|, and Bideford, 199^— pp. 73-74. 

LONDON TO EXETER (by Redlincli.) 

London to Castle Cary (1111) — above. 

Castle Cary to Sparkford (4^ — 116) ; keep to I. and through 
Gralhampton, 113 ; hilly road. 

Sparkford to Exeter (51 — 167) ; through lie hester, 121 1, Petherton 
Bridge, 127^, Ilminster, 133|, and Honiton, 150| — pp. 70-71. 






LONDON TO EXETER (by Taunton.) 

London to South Appledore (153) — p. 75. 

South Appledore to Cullompton (5f — 158|) ; descent out of tlie 
former, a mile beyond it keeping to the I., and then the road is mostly up 
and down hill over Leonard Moor, Willand Moor, from -which is a winding 
descent into Willand, 156|, and then over Five Bridges, 157 1. 

{Cullompton: Railway; White Hart, i>. 7". C.) 

Cullompton to Exeter (12 — I7O4); through Bradninch, 1G1|, by 
Atherleigh Mill, 163f (cross B. Culm, and Im. beyond keep to I.), and 
through Broad Clyst, 166^, Brock Hill, Langaton, 168^, and Whipton, 169.j, 
is an indifferent and undulating road. [Or ^vi. beyond Atherleigh Mill 
turn to r. and through Hatchleigh, I665-, whence it is a steep ascent up to 
Stop Gate, 167|, and after two steep descents join the other road jusfc 
before Exeter, 170|.] 

(Bradninch : Castle.) 

At Atherleigh Mill, on r., Killerton Park. At Bradninch, on Z., Eele cJi.f 
where is a beautifully painted screen, quite unique. 

LONDON TO OKEHAMPTON (by Tiverton). 

London to Tiverton (160|)— p. 75. 

Tiverton to Crediton (12 — 172f); after crossing E. Exe at Tiverton 
turn to I., and the road is level for d^m., following the valley of the Exe, 
to the bridge near Bickleigh (on I. 164^), where keep straight on and 
there is a long ascent followed by an equally long descent to Stokeleigh 
Pomeroy, 169i, and the rest undulating through Little Gutton, 170|, and 
over Greedy Bridge, 171f ; not very good surface, greasy in wet weather. 

At Bickleigh Bridge, on I., Bickleigh Court. About 2 m, further, on the top 
of the hill, on Z., Cadbury Castle, an ancient hill fort. Beyond Little Gutton, on 
I., Fulford Park. Beyond Greedy Bridge, on r., Greedy Bo. 

Crediton to Bow (7^180i)— p. 68. 

13ow to Okehampton (11 — 191^) ; rather hilly road by Stone Cross, 
182| (keep to Z.), Newland Bridge, 184^, over Greenslade Moor and by 
Belstone Corner, 186j, with a descent into the town. 

LONDON TO STRATTON (by Tiverton). 

London to Eow (180^)— above. 

Bow to Stratton (34J— 214|) ; through Hatherleigh, 193^ and 
Holsworthy, 20C|— p. 69. 

LONDON TO TORHINGTON. 

London to South Molton (179|)— p. 75. 

South Molton to Atherington (8^ — 187|) ; Im. beyond South 
Molton keep to the I. and over Bray Bridge, 181f, by Chittlehampton, 184|, 
and over Umberleigh Bridge, 186|, is a "hilly road, and generally rather 
rough. 

Before Chittlehampton, on I., Hadscot Eo, 



77 

Atherington to Torrington (7— 194f); by Langridge, 188f, 
Cranford Moor, 190f, and High Bu]leii,191f, there are several short but stiff 
ascents and descents ; generally rather rough road. 

{Torrington: Gloho, £.2.0'.) 

LONDON TO ILFRACOMBK 

London to Barnstaple (190|) — p. 75. 

Barnstaple to Ilfracombe (10 — 200|) ; go straight through the 
High street of Barnstaple, or through Boutport street, over the causeway 
bridge, from which a hill leads up through the suburb of Pilton, 191f, at 
the end of which keep to I., and the road is undulating for a mile beyond 
Frexford, 193f ; then comes a steep ascent for more than a mile over S win- 
ham Down, and the rest is mostly down hill by Hore-down gate, 198|-, with 
a steep descent into Ilfracombe. The road is very picturesque, winding 
over deep valleys, through a richly wooded country and with splendid views. 

At Pilton on r. through Muddiford, 3m. and over He wish and Berry 
Downs to Gomhe Martin, (9j — 201). 

(Ilfracombe: Bailey's Private; Britannia; Clarence; Gardiner's Private; 
Ilfracombe; Lewis' Private; London; Pier; Queen's; Eoyal Clarence, ^.r.C; 
Royal Britannia ; Star ; Yictoria.) 

LONDON TO TORRINGTON, HARTLAND, AND 
ILFRACOMBE (by Dulverton). 

London to Taunton (139^)— p. 75. 

Taunton to Milverton (81 — 147^) ; in Taunton turn to r. by the 
5^., and cross B. Tone, then the road is on the rise through IS'orth Town to 
Staplegrove, 141|-, and after that is undulating over Langford Bridge, 141f, 
(just beyond keep to I.) and through Norton Fitzwarren, 142^^, Heathfield, 
144f, Hale Common, 145f , and Preston Bower, 146| ; very good road. On 
the reverse journey keep to r., just out of Milverton. 

Near Norton Fitzwarren is a British Camp ; the ch, dates from Saxon times, 
and has some antique carvings. 

Milverton to "Wiveliscombe (4 — 151|) ; over Slade's Moor Bridge, 
150, is rather more hilly, and fairly good road. 

(Wiveliscovihe : Lion, B.T.C.) 

On Castle Hill, on r., Im. before "Wiveliscombe is the site of a Roman camp, 
Wiveliscombe is situate in a deep valley, nearly surrounded by wooded hills ; 
there are ruins of a palace of the Bishop of Wells, which existed here prior to 1256. 

Wiveliscombe to Dulverton (12 — 163f) ; in the former turn to 
I., and a little further to the r. ; there is a long steep ascent out of the 
town, then a,n undulating fairly good road through Chipstable, 154 j, Skilgate, 
158|, and Bury, 161^, (turn to I.) and over B. Exe at Hele Bridge, 162^. 
On the reverse journey, after crossing Hele Bridge, take the middle road. 

[There is another route from Wivelisco7)ihe, by going on I. through 
Shillingford over a hilly road to Bampton, 8 — 159f, out of which is a sharp 
ascent, presently followed by a steep winding and rough descent of a mile 
to Exe Bridge at Eipway Corner, 162f , and the rest almost level alongside 
the B. Barle to Didverk>n, 5f— 165^] 



78 

(Dulverton : Carnarvon Arms, B.T.C.; Lamb; Lion; Eed Lion, B.T.C, — 
Bampton : White Horse, B.T.C.) 

On r. are Heydon Down and Haddon Down Hills, the southern flanks of 
Exmoor, whence some splendid views are to be had. Just before Dulverton, on ?,, 
Pixton Park. Dulverton is surrounded by romantic scenery, and the Exeand Barle 
are noted trout streams ; ancient ch. recently restored. Up the Exe Yalley, l^m. 
N.£., are the ruins of Barlinch Abbey. At Bampton is a fine Norman keep. 

Dulverton to South Molton (13 — 176f); cross E. Barle, and the 
road continues very wild and hilly through Durleyford, 169f, and over Bush 
Bridge, 174|, just beyond which join the Tiverton road on the I. 

South Molton to Torrington (15^ — 192^), through Aiherington 
185i— pp. 76-77. 

South Molton to Hartland (33|—210i), through ^twjis^aj^Ze, 188i, 
and Bideford, 196f— p. 74. 

South Molton to Ilfracombe (21^ — 198|), through 5anis^tipZe,188i— 
p. 74, and to Ilfracomhe — p. 77. 

LONDON TO ILFRACOMBE (by Lynmonth.) 

London to Taunton (139^)— p. 75. 

Taunton to Gore Inn (5:^ — 144f ) ; in Taunton turn to r. by the ch., 
and cross B. Tone, then the road is on a very gentle rise through North 
Town to Staplegrove, 141^, followed after by a short easy decline to Langford 
Bridge, 141f (just beyond keep to r.), and the rest undulating good road. 

Gore Inn to Washford (llf — 156|) ; uphill nearly to Handy Cross, 
147|, and again a long climb nearly all the way to Hartrowgate, 150f , on a 
spur of Brendon Hill ; after a mile or so of pretty level, the road falls 
sharply, with two or three rectangular dangerous turns to Monksilver,153f, 
then slightly downhill w^ith ^. ascent to Fair Cross, 155|, and descent 
into Washford. 

Beyond Hartrowgate on r. to Stogumber {11 — 152). At Washford on 
r. to Watchet (2i— 158f ) ; or at Fah- Cross on r. (2^— 157|). 

[There is another and better route by turning to r. at Gore Inn and 
through Bishop's Lydeard, 145^, Seven Ash, 148j, Crowcombe, 150^, 
Halfway 152|, Bicknoller, 153f {^m. further turn to I.) overWoolston Moor, 
through Woolston, 155|, and Sampford Brett, 155f , to Williton, 156|, to 
Washford, 158|-; undulating for first 2 or 3?u., then hilly, all up and down 
and running close under the Quantock Hills on r. to Bicknoller, whence 
downhill into Sampford Brett, after which it is undulating, and the going 
improves. 

Or after crossing the B. Tone out of Taunton turn to r., and it is 
chiefly uphill through Mill Cross, 142f, Kingston, 143|, Coombe and 
Yawford to the cross-roads ^n. beyond Bishop's Lydeard, whence as above to 
Washford, 159|.] 

(Williton: Egremont, .B.T.C. ; n&Ww&j.— Watchet : West Somerset, B.T.C.) 

Beyonc*. Gore Inn, on I., Lynchfield and Sandhill Park. Before Hartrowgate, 
on r., Willet Hill Tower. N. of the small old town of Williton is a field called 
Battlegore, the scene of a battle with the Danes. Watchet is situate at the 
moBth of a romantic valley. St. Decunaan's ch. contains some old monuments. 
A little W. on the coast, an ancient entrenched camp, called Dart's Castle. On r., 
just before Washford, the ruins of Cleave Abbey, founded by the Cistercians, 1188. 



79 

Washford to Dunster (4 — 160|) ; in WasMord turn to I., and tho 
road is fairly good and undulating through Bilbrook, 157^, and Carhamp- 
ton, 159; at the bifurcation, ^n. before Dunster, turn to I. 

(Dunster : Luttrell Arms, JB.T.C) 

Dunster, a quaint and pretty little town, was once on the sea shore, which 
has receded Im. from it. S. is Dunster Park and Castle, of which the tower is 
Norman. Just beyond it, Conegar Tower and a Eoman camp. There are 
remains of a Benedictine Priory, founded soon after the conquest. Large gothic 
ch., dating from Henry VI. 's reign. 

Dunster to Porlock (7^ — 168) ; in Dunster turn to r. by the cli., and 
the road is undulating to Alcombe, 162, [or instead of turning to I. just 
before Dunster, the road straight on runs direct to Alcombe, 161|] ; out of 
Alcombe keep to the I. and the road is mostly uphill through Perryton, 
163^, on to Heyden Down, then downhill again through Holnicote, 166, to 
Brandy Street, 166^ ; beyond is another stiff ascent, and entering Porlock 
is a steep descent with a sharp turn in it. [Or beyond Alcombe take the 
right hand road to Minehead, 162f — if not going through Dunster, the 
distance to Minehead is 162:^ — and out of the town by the present coach- 
road is a steep ascent, after which it is mostly up and down hill, some of 
the gradients severe, by Bratton Court, Hinon, and through the pretty 
village of Selworthy, joining the other route at Holnicote, into which is a 
steep descent ; distance about ^i. longer ; the surface is inclined to be 
rough.] Pretty scenery, l^m. N. of Porlock is Porlock Weir in the bay. 

(Minehead: Beach; Feathers, B.T.C; Wellington. — Porloch : Eose and 
Crown; Ship. — Porlock Weir : Anchor Inn. ^ 

Minehead is a small seaport ; handsonre ch. with curious monuments, &c. ; 
good bathing. The railway only extends to Minehead. Above the town is an 
ancient camp, Bury Castle. In Porlock ch. are some beautiful alabaster eflfigies, 
&c. ; large yew tree in the churchyard 4nn. S. is Dunkerry Beacon, the highest 
point of Exmoor, from, which 15 counties can be seen. 

Porlock to Lynmouth (11^—1 79^) ; just beyond the " Ship " hotel 
take the left hand road; long steep and zigzag ascent leads out of Porlock, 
exceedingly rough and quite unrideable either up or down, followed by a 
more gradual ascent, in all l^^. before the top of Porlock Hill is reached, 
whence there is a splendid view, then the road is up and down with moderate 
gradients along the ridges of Porlock and Oare Hills, part of Exmoor, and 
by Cosgate, 174|^, and Wingate, 175J, to Countisbury, 177|, where a long 
downhill begins, quite safe till about \)yi. from Lynmouth, when it 
approaches the sea coast, and is very steep, being cut out of the face of the 
cliffs, with loose and rough surface, and should be walked down ; some of 
the road is not at all good for bicycling, and it is frequently sandy and 
loose ; beautiful scenery. 

(Lynmouth: Bath; Lyndale. — Lynton : Crown, B.T.C; Queen; Royal 
Castle ; Valley of Rocks.) 

Beyond Porlock, on the coast, Ashley Combe, the charming residence of 
Earl Lovelace ; a h'ttle further, the romantic hamlet of Culbone with its small 
ch. ; these can be reached on foot by a private road through Porlock Weir. About 
3m. W. is Glenthorne Ho., Avith its pleasure grounds. Beyond Cosgate, on r., is 
an ancient British camp on old Barrow Hill ; also a Roman camp near Countisbury. 
From Oare Hill, on I., the pretty valley of the East Lyn R. runs parallel to the 
road ; a turning before Cosgate leads down into it, and it is traversed by a good 
road down to Lynmouth, except one or two unrideable ascents and descents. 



80 

There are nnmerous walka and rides about Lynmouih; the chief objects of 
interest are Mount Sinai, Valley of Rocks, Watersmeet, The Torrs, Glen Lyn, 
West Lyn R., Guildhall, Ley Abbey, &c. 

Lynmouth to Combe Martin (10^ — 190) ; beyond Ljnmoiitli turn 
sbarp to r. to Lynton, 180, which lies on the slope of the opposite hill, and 
is approached by an exceedingly steep and zigzag ascent ; then keeping to 
r. another steep hill rises out of Lynton, and an undulating road traverses 
the Yalley of Eocks, and past Ley Abbey, 181i, and tlirough Slattenslade, 
1822-, to Martinhoe, 183|, from which is a steep winding descent into the 
valley of Heddon's Mouth, followed by a steep hill winding up through a 
wood to Trentishoe, 184f , thence the road becomes very hilly, stretching 
across the moorland for several miles, keeping to r. at the first fork, and 
ends with a long winding descent into Combe Martin, which should bo 
ridden down carefully if without a good brake. 

[There is another more inland road keeping to the I. out of Lynmouth, 
up a stiff ascent along the pretty valley of the West Lyn to Barbrook Mill, 
180f, where keep to r. and the road contmues hilly, with a dangerous 
descent into Paracombe, 184, and a steep ascent out of it (keeping to r.), 
presently followed by a couple more descents and ascents alternated and 
joining the other road near the top of the second rise, 2 or 3m. furtlicr 
on ; pretty good surface on the whole, but it should be ridden with 
caution; distance nearly the same.] On these roads much walking will 
be necessary. 

(Comle Martin : King's Arms ; Yalley.) 

Beautiful scenery. At Slattenslade, on r., Wooda Bay and Heddon's Mouth. 
Combe Martin is a long, straggling place, extending for l^m. down a narrow 
valley to the sea shore. In the vicinity were formerly lead and silver mines, now 
worked out. Overlooking the little bay or cove is the Castle. 

Combe Martin to Ilfracombe (5| — 19o|) ; beginning with a sharp 
steep ascent from Combe Martin Cove the road is all up and down through 
Berry Narbor, 192, and Hele, 194, with a long descent into Ilfracombe ; 
pretty good surface. 

[There is another route, but more devious, by going through Para- 
combe, 184, as above ; then keeping to Z. there is a steep hill to climb out 
of the village, very loose and stony (not safe to be ridden down), from the 
top of which it is a nice undulating road (turning to r. at Blackmoor Tpg., 
186|) to within 3m. of Ilfracombe, where join the Barnstaple road at Hore- 
down Gate, and the remainder is downhill into the town ; distance 2 or 'Sm. 
longer.] 

{Ilfracomhe, hotels— p. 77.) 

At Berry Narbor, ancient ch. ; at Hele, on r., on the coast, Helesborough, an 
ancient hill fort. Ilfracombe is the chief watering place on the North Devon 
coast, with a good harbour; fine old ch. ; the chief objects of interest are 
Capstone Hill, Lantern Hill, Rapparee Cove, Watermouth Castio and Caves, 
Smallraouth Caves, Sampson's Caves at Rillage Point, Torrs Walks, Runnacleaves, 
Crewkhorn, &c. 

LONDON TO ILFEACOMBE (by Bridgewater). 

London to Castle Gary (llli) — p. 75. 

Castle Cary to Piper's Inn (13|— 125) ; follow the Somcrtou road 



81 

to King "Weston, as at p. 75 ; then turn to r., and up very stiff ascent on to 
Polden Hill, along the top of which the road runs past Marshes Elm, 121|-. 

Piper's Inn to Bridgewater (10| — 135|); taking the right hand 
road, from Piper's Inn there is a downhill to Ashcot, 126, whence ascend 
again on to Polden Hill, along which the road runs for several miles, then 
descends through Bawdrip, 132, to Crandon Bridge, 132|, where turn sharp 
to I. and cross Sedgemoor Cut, and the rest is level to Bridgewater ; all a 
good road. 

(Bridgewater : Read's Arms : Eoyal Clarence, B.T.C.) 

At Weston, 3 or 4.^n. E. of Bridgewater, was fought the battle of Sedgemoor. 

At Bridgewater; the Castle, built by King John ; the cA. has a fine altar-piece 
by Guido. 

Bridgewater to Rydon (15| — 151) ; nearly through the town turn 
to the r., and the road is chiefly uphill for 3m., when turn to r. with a 
descent to Cannington, 140 ; here turn to I. and it is more or less uphill 
through Ashford, 141, to Kinthorn, 142^, then descent with two or three 
turns in it to Nether Stowey, 144, and again a long uphill through 
Doddington, 145, on to the lower slopes of the Quantock Hills followed by 
a steep fall to Holford, 146|, which is continued in a more gradual decline 
to Putsham, 148, whence it is up and down hill to Rydon. 

At Holford, on I., Alfoxton So. Beyond Cannington, on r., Brymore JBo. 

At Doddington, Im, on l., an old encampment, called Danesborough. Before 
Rydon, on Z., St. Audries. 

Rydon to Dunster (7| — 158|) ; keep tor., up a short hill and longer 
steep descent to Donniford, 151f, whence level to "VVatchet, 153 ; from here 
is along stiff uphill along the coast with run down to Blue Anchor, 155|, 
and another short up and down just before Carhampton, 157|, where join 
the Taunton road. [Or from Watchet take the valley road to Washford, 
155, whence to Bunster, 159, as at p. 79. Or at Rydon take left hand road 
down to High Bridge, 152, thence undulating through Williton, 153, to 
Washford, 155.] 

Dunster to Ilfracombe (35| — 194) ; through Alcombe, 159|, Mine- 
head, 161, PorlocJcj 166|-, Lynmouth, 177f, Lynton, 178:f, Martinhoe, 181^, 
Trentishoe, 183, Combe Martin, 188|-, Berry ]S'arbor,190i-: or by Paraoombe, 
182i; pp. 79-80. 

LONDON TO TAUNTON (by Piper's Inn). 

London to Piper's Inn (125) — ^p. 80. 

Piper's Inn to Taunton (17^ — 142|^) ; take the left hand road which 
crosses Sedgemoor; descent through Pedwell, 126, to Greinton, 127^, then 
level through King's Sedgemoor Tp., 128, Blindman's Gate, 129^, Othery, 
130f, Burrowbridge, 132 (cross B. Barrett), by King Alfred's Pillar, 133, 
East Lyng, 134, West Lyng, 135|, Durston, 137, Walford Bridge, 138^, and 
Bath Pool End, 140f . On the reverse journey turn to I. l^i. out of Taun- 
ton, and to r. ^m. beyond Walford Bridge ; bad road for bicycling, first 10m. 
being little more than a grass grown cart track, and frequently very stony. 

At Burrowbridge, on I., a large burrow or mound, on which are ruins of a 
chapel. At East Lyng, on r., the Isle of Athelney, the refuge of King Alfred, 
where he founded a Benedictine Abbey, not a vestige of which is left. 

O 



82 

LONDON TO DULVERTON (by Bridgewater). 

London to Bridgewater (135|) — p. 81. 

Bridgewater to "Willet (12| — 148) ; long rise out of the town, turning 
to I. down a short pitch just before Durleigh, 137 (where turn to r.), and 
then it is nearly all uphill for 6m., through Enmore, 139|, Water Pitts, 141^, 
and over Buncombe Hill and the Quantock Hills, followed by steep descent 
into "West Bagborough, 144 1, whence it is hilly to Willet. 

At Enmore, on r., Enmore Castle ; Im. on L, Halswell Ho. 

Willet to Dulverton (14| — 162|); there are two or three long and 
steep ascents to encounter, mounting the slopes of the Brendon Hills to 
Raleigh's Cross, 152, whence it continues very hilly, but mostly downhill, 
through Holwelslade, 153|, and Woolcot, 156f, to Hele Bridge, 160f, where 
join the Wiveliscombe road. The whole of this road from Bridgewater is 
extremely hilly and rough, and a great deal of walking will be necessary. 

LONDON TO ILFRACOMBE (by Glastonbury). 

London to Amesbury (77|) — p. 69. 

Amesbury to Maddington (5f — 83^); follow the Long Barrow 
Cross road as at p. 69, to 79^n., just before Stonehenge, where take the 
right hand road up a very stiff ascent, after which it is up and down hill. 

Before Maddington, on r. are some ancient earthworks. 

Maddington to Heytesbury (9 — 92J) ; a little out of Maddington 
is a long uphill, followed by 2 or 3m. of fairly level, then there is a very 
steep hill to descend, with vile surface, to Chiltern, 88^, with a hill to mount 
out of it, and the rest hilly. On the reverse journey keep to I. just out of 
Heytesbury. 

[There is another route by Bejjfford Inn, 86f, whence, keeping to r., 
through Fisherton-de-la-Mere, 87^, Codford St. Mary, 89|, Upton Lovel, 
91^, and Knook, 92|, to Heytesbury, 93, is a good road with easy hills in 
both directions.] 

(Heytesbury : Angel; Red Lion.) 

2m. beyond Chiltern, on r., Knook Castle, an ancient encampment. At 
Codford, on r., is an old entrenchment. Heytesbury ch., ancient cruciform 
building. On r., Heytesbury Park. 

Heytesbury to Warminster (4 — 96^) ; just beyond Heytesbury 
keep to r. and through Boreham, 94f , is a capital undulating road 

(Warininsier : Anchor, JB.T.C. -, Bath Arms, B.T.C. ; Bell and Railway ; Pack 
Horse Inn.) 

On r. pass 3 ancient camps, or hill forts, Battlesbury, Middlebury, and Scratch- 
bury. Warminster is an ancient town, and the neighbourhood abounds in antiquities. 

Warminster to Frome (7 — 103^) ; level to Bugley, 97^, from which 
is a good hill to mount over Cley Hill, then mostly downhill through 
Whitbourn, 99|^. and Corsley Heath, lOOj, and past the station. On the 
reverse journey keep to r. after passing the station. 

(Frame : George, B.T.C.) 

At TVTiitbourn, Im. on I., Longleat Park, the magnificent seat of the Marquis 
of Bath ; near it, Boddenbury, an old entrenchment. Beautiful rocky scenery. 

Frome to Shepton Mallet (12 — 115|) ; in Frome beyond the ch. 



83 

turn to I., and short steep ascent out of the town, then rather hilly, but 
nothing difficult, through Nunney, 106^, Holwell, 107, Leighton, 109 (keep 
to r.). East Cranmore, 110|^, Dean, 111, and Doulting, 112f; very steep 
descent, but with good surface, and safe with a good brake, into Shepton ; 
good surface, and on the whole a capital run ; beautiful scenery. [Or in 
Frome turn to I. before the ch., and through Marston Bigot and ISTunney 
Catch, joining the other road Im. beyond Nunney.] In Shepton Mallet 
turn first to I. then to r. 

(Shepton Mallet : Commercial; George; Hare and Hounds, B.T.C) 
At Nonnej, the rains of the castle. Shepton Mallet, on the line of the old 
Fosse Way, is very irregularly built, consisting of three parallel streets running 
N. and S., ^m. apart ; it contains some fine buildings, and there is a curious old 
market cross, erected 1500. Before Marston Bigot, on L, Marston Bo. At 
Doulting are large freestone quarries. 

Shepton Mallet to Glastonbury (8J — 123|) ; leaving the formei , 
keep to I., and over Lambert's Hill, 116^, descents into and out of Pilton, 
11 7|, and through West Pennard, 120f, and Edgarley, 122f . 

(Glastonbury : Crown; George, B.T.C. ; Eed Lion.) 

At Edgarly, on r., St. Michael's tor or hill, on which are a tower and St. 
Michael's ch., built circ. 1280. Beyond it are some British earthworks, and 
Pouter's Wall crosses the road. Glastonbury was long famous for its magnificent 
Abbey, now in ruins, stated by the old monkish chroniclers to have been founded 
by St. Patrick, circ. 440, on the site of the first Christian ch. in Britain ; here are 
said to have been buried St. Patrick, Arthur and his Queen, Bede, and several 
Saxon kings. The district was called by the Romans the Island of Avalon. The 
earliest part of the Abbey now existing dates from 1186 ; the ch. of St. Peter and 
St. Paul was erected 1189 — 1303, now also in ruins. Other buildings are Abbot's 
Kitchen, Abbot's Bam, Pilgrim's Inn, The Tribunal, St. John the Baptist ch., St. 
Benedict's ch., Market Cross, &c. 

Glastonbury to Piper's Inn (4f — 128|) ; downhill through 
Glastonbury, then rough and often heavy through Street, 125f , (just before 
it keep to r.) and "Walton, 12 7i, to Piper's Inn at the cross roads, on the 
Polden Hills, up to which is a stiff ascent. 

At Walton, on r., Sharpham Park. S. of the Polden Hills is Sedgemoor. 

Piper's Inn to Ilfracombe (69— 197|)— p. 81. 

LONDON TO BRUTON (by Heytesbury). 

London to Heytesbury (92^)— p. 82. 

Heytesbury to Longbridge Deverill (3| — 96); |w. out of 
Heytesbury keep to I., and through Newham, 94. 

Longbridge Deverill to Maiden Bradley (4 — 100). 
At Maiden Bradley, on i, Bradley Park. 

Maiden Bradley to Bruton (8—108) ; through Yarnfield Tp„ 102| 
(keep to r.), and North Brewham, 105 ; rather hilly. On the reverse journey 
keep to r. \m. beyond Yarnfield Tp. 

LONDON TO WESTON-SUPER-MARE. 

London to Frome (103i)— p. 82. 

Frome to Wells (17— 120i) ; past the ch. in Frome take the middle 

a2 



84 

road, and l^m. further keep to I.; it is undulating through Wliatelej, 105|-. 
and Little Elm, 107^, (Im. beyond which keep to I.), then 2 or 3m. further it 
ascends the Mendip Hills, and after traversing the top of the ridge for 3 or 
4m., it descends through East Horringfcon, 118|, to Wells. 

[Or from Fromego to Shepton Mallett, 115^, p. 82; out of which is a 
long descent, and then go along the valley through Binder, 118|-, and 
Dulcot, 119|-, to Wells, 120i; good road and pretty scenery.] 

(Wells: Mitre; Star, J5.T.C. ; Swan.) 

At Whateley, on r., Tedbury, an ancient entrenclimeat. At Little Elm, on r., 
Mells Park. On the Mendip Hills, on r., Maesbury Castle, or Masbury Ring, an 
ancient entrenchment. Wells is noted for its splendid cathedral, begun in Henry 
III.'s reign, containing many old monuments, and recently restored. Also 
Bishop's Palace, St. Cuthbert's ch. The environs are very picturesque. 

Wells to Cheddar (7|— 128) ; through Wokey, 121f , Easton, 12.3, 
Westbury, 124, Stoke Rodney, 125|-, and Draycott, 126 j; is a hilly road 
with rutty oolite surface. 

(Cheddar : Cliff, B.T.C. ; Lion Rock House.) 

At Wokey, on r., Wokey Hole. At Cheddar, on r., the cliffs and stalactite 
caverns ; pretty scenery. The ch. was built in the 15th century. The well-known 
Cheddar cheese derives its name from here, 

Cheddar to Axbridge (2| — 130j) ; oolite road. 

(Axhridge : Lamb, B.T.C.) 

Axbridge ch. contains some ancient monuments. 

Axbridge to Banwell (5 — 135^) ; beyond Axbridge turn to r., and 
there is an ascent to mount, the road crossing a spur of the Mendip Hills, 
on the other side of which is a downhill through Winscombe, 132|-, followed 
by a dangerous descent, best walked down into Banwell. 

(Banwell: Bell, B.T.C; Ship.) 

At Winscombe, interesting old cJi., built 1329. At Banwell, the castle; on 
r., an ancient camp ; and 3m. E., another, Dolebury Camp. Banwell Cave. 

Banwell to Weston-super-Mare (6 — 141^); through Locking, 137|, 
is an extremely bad road, rou gh and dangerous riding ; no hills. Pretty scenery. 

[There is another road by keeping to I. ^m. before Locking, and instead 
of going through that village go through Hutton, 138, Oldmixton, 138|, 
and Uphill, 139f, to Weston-super-Mare, 141|; rather undulating. 

Or from Axbridge keep to I. and through Bleadon, 137i, where keep to 
r., and Uphill, 139|, to Weslon-suj^er-Mare, 141:5- ; not so hilly, the only ones 
of any consequence being rise out of Bleadon, and short but sharp fall into 
Uphill.] 

(Weston-super-Mare: Plough; Pier ; Railway, B.T.C ; Royal; York, B.T.C) 

Weston is a fashionable watering-place, and a great resort for invalids, 
possessing a very bracing air, with fine sandj beach. Fine old ch. N. of town, 
on Worle Hill, is Worlebury, an ancient entrenchment ; further on to r., Pass of 
St. Kew, ruins of Woodspringe Priory, Worle Castle, &c. At Uph.'ll, on I., on 
Brean Down, is a powerful battery. 

LONDON TO FEOME (by Westbury). 

London to Andover (63A) — p. 58. 

Andover to Ludgershall (7i — 70 f) ; just out of Andover, at the 
railway station, keep to r. and through Weyhill, 66| (keep to r.), is a fair 



85 

road, chiefly oti tke rise. On the reverse journey the last descent into 
Andover must be taken carefully. 

At Ludgershall, ruins of the castle, ejected soon after the Conquest j ancient 
market cross. 

Ludgershall to Up Avon (9|— 80|) ; through East Everley, 75^ 
and West Everley, 76f, the road is very hilly all the way, crossing over the 
Downs, with long steep fall into the Avon valley, at the bottom of which 
turn to r. fm-. before Up Avon. 

At East Everley, onr., Everley ^o. Before Up Avon, Im.onL, Chisenbury Priory. 

Up Avon to Connock or Coule {51 — 85f ) ; through Eushall, 81^, 
and Charlton is undulating and a pretty good road. 

2/H. W. of Up Avon, on Salisbury Plain, Casterly Camp, a large entrenchment j 
2m. past Charlton, on I., Broadbury Camp. 

Connock to Market Lavington (4 — 89f ) ; keep to left and through 
Urchfont, 87f , and Easterton, 88|, is a similar kind of road. 

At Eushall, on r., Eushall Park. Market Lavington ch., erected in the reign 
of Eichard III, contains many curious monuments, &c. 

Market Lavington to Tinhead (5 — 94|) ; after Littleton Pannel, 
90f , long descent through Little Cheverel, 91|-, then rather hilly through 
Earl Stoke, 93^. 

Beyond Market Lavington, on I., Cleeve Hall. Before Earl Stoke, on r., "West 
Coulston Ho. and Earl Stoke Park. 

Tinhead to Westbury (4 — 98f ) ; through Edington, 95^, and Bratton, 
961, is rather hilly. 

Beyond Bratton, on Bratton Down, on I., a large entrenchment, called Bratton 
Castle. Near Westbury is a gigantic figure of a white horse, cut in the chalk on 
the side of a hill, and visible 20)n. Westbury ch. was built in the 13th century. 

"Westbury to Frome (65 — 105i) ; at Westbury Leigh, 99|^, turn 
to r. and by Broomfield Tp., lOlf, and Chapman's Lade, 102^. [At Broom- 
field Tp. on r. to BecMnqton, 3 — 104|, or at the end of Westbury Leigh on r- 
to Beckington, 4 — 103|.) 

Beyond Westbury Leigh, on r., Chalcott Ho. 2m. before Frome, on r., 
Berkeley I£o, 

LONDON TO RADSTOCK. 

London to Market Lavington (89f) — above. 

Market Lavington to Bulkington (6— 95f ) ; in the former turn 
to r. and presently descend a long hill, then undulating through Cuckold's 
Green, 92f (turn to I.), and Worton, 93^, keeping to I. again about 2Tn. 
further. [Or through Littleton Pannel, 90f , as at above, then turn to r. to 
Bulkington, 96^.] 

Bulkington to Trowbridge (6— lOlf) ; through Keevil, 97f, beyond 
•which is a stiff descent to Ashton Common, 99|- (where turn to r.), and 
undulating through Hilperton, lOOf, with a long steepish hill through 
Trowbridge, On reverse journey at Hilperton turn to r. 

[Or to Tinhead, 94f , above ; then turn to r. and stiff hill to mount to 
Steeple Ashton, 96, and downhill to Ashton Common, 99f .] 

(Trowhridge : George, H.T.C. ; Woolpack.) 

Trowbridge and Bradford are the chief broadcloth and kerseymera 
manufacturing towns in Wilts. 



86 

Trowbridge to Farleigh Hungerford (4 — 105f) ; through Trow- 
bridge, cross canal and railway to Studley, 102, then straight on, crossing 
R. Frome just before Farleigh, into which there is a short but very steep 
hill to climb (dangerous to ride down on account of a sharp turn at right 
angles.) 

After crossing the railway beyond Trowbridge on r .to B radford-on- Avon, 
(2 — 103f ), an undulating road. Or at Hilperton turn to r., cross Hilperton 
Marsh, Kennet and Avon Canal, railway and B. Avon, just beyond which 
keep tol. to Bradford (3^—104^.) 

At Farleigh, the ruins of Farleigh or Farley Castle. At Bradford the ch. is 
eaid to be Saxon. 

rarleigh Hungerford to Radstock (6^ — 112^) ; take the left hand 
road through Norton St. Philip, 107^, Faulkland, 109^ (l^m. further keep 
to Z.), and Writhlington, 111^. [Or by the right hand road through 
Charterhouse Hinton, 107f , and Wellow, lOOf, about 2^7n. further turning 
to I. along the road from Bath to Radstock, 113^.] 

(Ead«<ocA; Waldegrave, -B.r. (7.) 

LONDON TO RADSTOCK (by Devizes). 

London to Connock (85f) — p. 85. 

Connock to Devizes (5 — 90f ) ; take the right hand road \m beyond 
Connock, and it is pretty good but rather hilly, chiefly downhill through 
Lide, 87f , and Nursteed, 89f ; entering Devizes turn to Z. Returning keep 
to Z. |m. past Lide. 

{Devizes: Bear; Castle, ^.3". C.) 

At Devizes there are slight remains of a castle erected in the reign of Henry I, 
and besieged and demolished by Cromwell. St. Mary's ch., the chancel of which is 
Saxon ; Im. N. is New Park ; on S., South Broom Eo. and Old Park Ho. 3m. N. is 
Roundaway Down, the scene of a Parliamentarian defeat. Oliver's castle, or camp. 

Devizes to Trowbridge (9| — 100|); in Devizes turn tor. just before 
the railway, and when through the town cross the canal, then keeping 
to Z. there is a long descent with another to Summerham or Seend Bridge, 
93|-, whence by the left hand road is a hill to rise into Seend, 94|-, followed 
by another downhill out of it ; the rest is an easy undulating road through 
Hilperton, 99^, with a long steepish hill through Trowbridge. 

Trowbridge to Radstock (10^ — 111) ; through Farleigh Hunger- 
ford, 104|, Norton St. Philip, 106, Faulkland, 108, Charterhouse Hinton, 
106i and WeUow, lOS^above. 

LONDON TO KINGSCLERE. 

"London to Basingstoke (45^) — p. 47. 

Basingstoke to Kingsclere (9| — 55) ; in Basingstoke turn to r., 
passing by the ruins of the Holy Ghost Chapel, and a little further, when 
clear of the town, keep to Z. and up a long ascent on to Rooks Down, havmg 
crossed which, there is a long descent from Shothanger, 48^, into Ramsdell, 
49^, whence over West Heath to Stoning Heath or Baughurst Street, 62, 
then turn to Z. and through Woolverton, 52^. 

On r., Woolverton Park. Kingsclere was formerly a residence of the Saxon 
kinga. Im. beyond Kamsdell, on I., Ewhurst Park. 



87 



SECTION IV. 

From Hyde Park Corner and Marble Arch ; • Western 
Roads, (West Middlesex, Berkshire, North Wiltshire, 
North Somerset, South Buckingham, South Oxford, 
South Gloucester, Monmouth and South Wales), 



LONDON TO ST. DAVID'S. 

London (Hyde Park Corner) to Hounslow (9f) — p. 46. 

Hounslow to Colnbrook (7^ — 17i) ; in Hounslow, keep to r. twice 
and the road is fairly level all the way ; the macadam continues, but with 
very tolerable riding at the sides, over Cranford Bridge, 12|-, to Harlington 
Corner, 13, then it gradually gives way to gravel, and after Longford, 15|-, 
the surface becomes fairly good and smooth, but inclined to be dusty; 
the narrow street of Colnbrook is half paved with cobbles. 

(^Colnbrook: George; King's Head.) 

Colnbrook to Slough (3| — 20^) is a good and almost level road, 
but in dry weather very loose and heavy. 

At 18fm. on I., through Datchet, 20|, where turn to r. cross B. Thames 
and through the Little Park to Windsoi; (3| — 22) ; or from turn to I, cross 
R. Thames by Albert Bridge and turn to r. to Windsor (3| — 22^) ; Windsor 
is paved. 

At Slough on I. through Eton, 22, and across B. Thames to Windsor, 
(2i-22|). 

(Datchet : Manor House ; Koyal Stag's Head. — Windsor : Castle ; Datchet ; 
Eoyal Adelaide ; Koyal Oak ; Star and Garter ; Three Tuns, Hqrs. ; White Hart. 
— Eton: Bridge House; Christopher. — Slough: Dolphin; Eagle; Swan, B.T.C.; 
White Hart.) 

At Eton, on I., the celebrated college, founded by Henry VI. Before Datchet, 
on r. pass Ditton Park. At Windsor, the magnificent castle, founded by William 
the Conqueror ; the state apartments are superbly fitted up, and there are many 
celebrated paintings, &c. ; it is situate on a hill overlooking the Thames, and 
commands a view over a charming landscape. S. extends Windsor Great Park. 
2m. N. of Slough is Scoke Pogis, where the poet Gray is buried; also Stoke 
Place and Stoke Park. 

Slough to Maidenhead (5| — 26) is a gently undulating road, chiefly 
downhill, through Salt Hill, 21^ ; good smooth surface, but inclined to be 
loose and sandy occasionally, with a bad and heavy bit just before Maiden- 
head Bridge, 25|-, where cross B. Thames ; macadam through the town. 

(Maidenhead: Bear; Bell; Cleare's; Cliveden, Queen St., Hqrs.; Lewis's; 
Queen's Arms; Ragmead; Railway; Saracen's Head ; Thames; White Hart.) 

2 or 3m. on r., Burnham Beeches, lately purchased for public recreation by 

* From Hyde Park Corner to Marble Arch is a little over | mile N., along Park Lane, aA 
wood pa vement. 



88 

the Corporation of London. At Maidenhead Bridge, on r., Taplow Ho., and 3m. 
K., Cliefden and Dropmore Lodge. Im. S. of Maidenhead, the village of Bray, 
of " The Vicar of Bray" fame. 

Maidenhead to Twyford (8 — 34) ; hill to mount out of the town, 
then first rate level road to Stubbings Heath or Maidenhead Thicket, 28 
(where keep to Z.), and the rest is rather hilly by Littlewick Green, 29. V, 
Knowl Hil], 30^, Kiln Green, 31^, and Hare Hatch, 32 ; capital smooth and 
hard road. Pretty scenery. 

Twyford to Reading (5 — 39) is undulating, chiefly on the rise for 
two-thirds of the distance, ending with a long gradual fall just before 
Reading ; capital smooth road, but not quite so firm a surface as the 
preceding stage ; macadam through the town, in which turn to I. into 
Minster street for the Bath road. 

{Reading: Black Horse; George, B.T.C.; Great Western; New Albion; 
Queen's j Upper Ship ; Wheatsheaf.) 

2m. past Twyford, on r., Holme Park. At Heading are remains of a 
Benedictine Abbey, built 1121. St. Mary's, St. Lawrence, and the old Greyfriars 
ai'e the most interesting churches. Here is the large biscuit manufactory of 
Huntley and Palmer. On r., across B. Thames, Caversham Park. 

Reading to Jack's Booth (6|— 45^) ; level, but not so smooth for 
a mile or two out of Reading, then at Calcot Green, 41^, a sharp descent 
occurs, after which it is a dead level road through Theale, 43^, with capital 
smooth surface, but inclined to be sandy in very dry weather and heavy 
when wet. 

On r. pass Prospect Hill and Calcot Park. Past Theale, on r., Englefield Ho. 
and Beenham Ho. l|r?i. on L, Sulhampstead Ho. 

Jack's Booth to Newbury or Speenhamland {10| — 56) ; the 
road continues level through Woolhampton, 49^, to Thatcham, 53, whence 
it is somewhat undulating to near Newbury ; inclined to be sandy for the 
first few miles, but the greater part is a capital smooth road on which a 
good pace can be kept up. Newbury proper lies just on the south of the 
road, the town here being called Speenhamland. 

(Newbury: Chequers; Jack; Queen's, i?. 21 C; Sun; White Hart.) 
The scenery on this road from Keading is very monotonous ; the road runs 
along the Kennet Valley the whole distance, and the prospect is confined by a 
range of hills on each side. Past Woolhampton, on r., Midgham Ho. Entering 
Speenhamland on r., Shaw Ho., the headquarters of Charles I. before the last 
battle of Newbury. Through the town, on r., the ruins of Donnington Castle, the 
»esidence of Chaucer. 

Newbury to Hungerford (8^— 64i); short ascent up Speen Hill 
to Speen, 67, followed by another and much stiffer pull, then level for some 
distance, and a steep but not long fall occurs near Halfway House, 60, after 
which is some more hilly riding, but nothing difficult, for 2 or 3m.. ; tolerably 
good road but rather loose in places. 

(Hungerford: Black Bear; Red Lion ; Thrae Swans, B.T.C.) 
Speen occupies the site of the Roman Station, Spinas ; Iw. past, on I., 
Benham Place. Beyond Halfway Ho., on r., Elcot Park, and further, on I., 
Barton Court. Hungerford town lies on the I. of the main road j here are the 
headquarters of the Craven Hunt ; ancient ch. 

Hungerford to Marlborough (10 — 74J) ; very stiff ascent out of 
Hungerford, and up and down hill work to Froxfield, 67^, whence begins 



89 

the long but easy ascenfc past and through the remnant of Sayernaka 
Forest ; passing Cross Ford, 69, the road very gradually winds up a narrow 
Talley for nearly 4?w-. — part of the way under a fine avenue of trees — when 
the Forest proper is reached, 71f ; in the next l^w. there are three rather 
stiff pulls to the top of the range of hills, then begins a long steep descent, 
generally rather rough, and a little twisting at first, which should be ridden 
carefully if without a strong brake ; then after a level run to Marlborough, 
another sharp pitch has to be mounted into the main street ; good smooth 
surface. [Or an easier road is to turn to r. in Hungerford and follow the 
left (N) bank of the U. Kennet, through the villages of Chilton Foliat, 66, 
Kamsbury, 69, Axford, and Mildenhall, about 2m. longer.] 
At Cross Ford on I. to Great Beclwin (3 — 72). 

(Marlborough : Ailesbury Arms, B.T.C. ; Castle and Ball; Savernake Foiest.) 
At Savernake Forest, on I., Savernake Lodge. Past Eamsbury, on /., 
Ramsbury Manor Ro. At Chilton on L, Littlecot Park. Marlborough contains 
some old-fashioned houses, and in the main thoroughfare is a unique piazza, or 
colonnade, forming a pleasant promenade. The College, formerly the Castle Inn, 
occupies the site of the old castle. St. Mary's ch. has a Norman doorway. At 
Great Bedwin is an ancient ch. 

Marlborough to Beckhampton Inn (6| — 81^) ; at the end of the 
main street of the town turn to r. up a short rise, and it is a capital but 
rather hilly road through Fyfield, 77, Overton, 78^, West Kennet, 79|-, and 
past Silbury Hill, 80| ; there are a couple of stiff pulls after Fyfield, and 
past Silbury Hill is a good descent which should be ridden with care, a3 a 
turn in it prevents seeing to the bottom. 

Beyond Marlborough, on l., the figure of a white horse is seen on the hill 
side. At Fyfield, on r., a cromlech, called the Devil's Den ; the remarkable 
tumulus of Silbury Hill is supposed to be a British barrow. From West Kennet, 
and also from Beckhampton Inn, l|m. on r., (over a rather hilly road) at the 
village of Avebury, are the remains of a large Draidical temple, surrounded by a 
high rampart; also Im. N., a large cromlech. Past Silbury Hill leave the line of 
the old Roman road which runs in a direct line to Bath on I. 

Beckhampton Inn to Calne (5| — 87) ; keeping to the r. it is a 
good undulating road across the Downs and through Cherhill, 84|, into 
which there is a long descent. 

{Calne : Lansdowne Arms, B.T.C. ; White Hart.) 

Just before Cherhill, on I., an ancient hill fort, called Oldbury Camp, or 
Oldborough Castle, on the slope of which is cut the figure of a white horse. Calne 
was a residence of the Saxon Kings ; ancient ch. with fine carved roof. 2m. S. of 
the town, on the old Roman road to Bath, is the supposed site of the Roman 
station, Verlucio. Before Calne, on I., Blackland Eo. 

Calne to Chippenham {Q\ — 931); through Calne turn to I., and 
after crossing the Wilts and Berks canal 2m. out, there is a short but stiff 
hill (Burk Hill) to mount, and shortly after one to descend at Derry Hill, 
91, otherwise pretty level ; macadam and rather shaky. On the reverse 
iourney keep to I. at Derry Hill. 

(C/itppen/uim; Angel, B.T.C.', Commercial; Great Western; Lansdowne Arms.) 
Past Calne, on I., Bowood Park (Marquis of Lansdowne) ; on r., Stanley 
Abbey. Chippenham was a seat of theiWessex Kings ; ancient Gothic parish ch. j 
the town mainly consists of a street nearly a mile in length. 

Chippenham to Bath {\2\ — 106) ; at the end of Chippenham, after 
crossing U. Avon, keep to I., and the road is rather uphill through Pick" 



90 

wick, 97^ (at 96^m. keep to middle road and to r. ^m. beyond Pickwick), and 
after a slight rise descend Box Hill, 98|, which is not steep, to Box, lOO^^, 
and the rest is almost level through Bathford Tg., 103, and Batheaston, 104, 
with an ascent into Bath ; the macadam continues most of the way, and for 
the last 2 or 3m. the road is made of oolite, very greasy in wet weather. 
On the reverse journey keep to r. outside Bath, again at and beyond Bath- 
easton, and im. before the railway at Bathford Tg., take the left hand road ; 
l|w. E. of Box keep to r. and entering Pickwick to I. [Or ^m. before 
Pickwick take right hand fork, rejoining the other road l|w. beyond it 
and going through Hills Green, 98.] 

At 96|m. on I. to Corriham (f— 97^). 

(Bath: Angel; Christopher; Castle; Fisher's Restaurant; Full Moon; Grand 
Pump Room ; London Dining Rooms ; Railway, Charles street ; Railway, 
Railway place; Royal; Saracen's Head; Stead's; White Lion, Hqrs., B.T.O.; 
York Eo.) 

Magnificent view from Box Hill. Bath, the most elegant city in England, is 
noted for the beauty of its buildings. The Romans had a station and baths here. 
The chief buildings are, the Abbey ch., founded 1495, King's Baths, Pump Room, 
Assembly Rooms, Guildhall, Circus, &c. Bath is still regarded as the chief of 
our inland watering-places. At Cursham. on L, Corsham Bo. At Pickwick, ^m. 
on r., Hartham Ho. 

Bath to Keynsham (8^—114^); leaving Bafch by the lower Bristol 
road, down Southgate street, cross B. Avon and turn to r. ; good but hilly 
road through Twerfcon, 108f , and Newton St. Loe, 110, for 5 or 6y)i., when 
there is a rather steep and very rutty hill to mount (rather dangerous to 
descend on the reverse way), after which the road becomes rough. On the 
reverse journev Im. past Newton St. Loe turn to I. 

{Keynsham : Lamb and Lark, B.T.C.) 

At Twerton, on I., Englishcombe Barrow and Camp. At Newton St. Loe, on 
?., Newton Park, and beyond it, Stantonbury Hill Camp, an ancient entrenchment. 

Keynsham to Bristol (5^ — 119f); a rather rough but fairly level 
road through Brislington, 11 7i, entering Bristol by Eedcliff Bridge : Bristol 
is hilly and roughly paved, with tramway through the city. 

[There is another route from Bath by keeping to the right bank of the 
B. Avon, through Kelston, 109^, Bitton, lllf, over Wills Bridge, 113|, and 
through Henton, 114^, West Hanham, 115^, and St. George, 116^, to Bristol, 
118^. On the reverse journey keep to r. at St. George.] 

{Bristol: Bank; Cathedral; Clifton Down ; Draw Bridge; Guildhall; Hope 
and Anchor ; Nicholas Temperance, if g?'s. ; Royal; Royal Talbot, B.T.C ; Thrt-e 
Lamps; Victoria.) 

At Kelston, on L, Kelston So. Bristol is the chief seaport and capital of 
the West ; the streets are often narrow and ill constructed, but there are numerous 
imposing buildings; the chief objects of interest are the Cathedral, Mayor's 
Chapel, Abbey Gateway and Civic Cross, St. Mary ch. (Redcliffe), Colston Hall, 
Academy, and St. James' ch., founded 1130. From Brandon Hill a fine view of 
the city is to be had. At Clifton, the western suburb of Bristol, are St. Vincent's 
Rocks, Suspension Bridge, Observatory, Zoological Gardens ; and on Clifton 
Downs, Cook's Folly Tower. The scenery about here is very fine ; in the vicinity 
are Ashton Court, Leigh Court, Leigh Woods, and Nightingale Valley, with the old 
Camps of Abbot's Leigh and Borough, or Bower Walls. 2m. N. is Stoke Park. 

Bristol to New Passage (10^ — 130^); leave Bristol by Queen's 
Road and White Ladies' Boad, then (keeping to r.) across Clifton Downs 



91 

and there is a long hill to walk down into Westbury-on-Trym, 123|, after 
which it is level through Compton Greenfield, 126f (2^?i. further keeping 
to Z.); very greasy and slippery as far as Westbury, where the road 
improves and is wide and smooth to New Passage. 

(Westhury : White Lion.) 

Beyond Bristol, on I., Stoke Giffard Park; further, on r., Henley Bo. Beyond 
Westbury, on I., Henbury Park and Blaize Castle, on r.. Pen Park and Pen Park 
Ho. Before Compton, on I., Holly Hill. Pretty scenery. 

New Passage to Black Rock Inn (3 — 133^) ; cross B. Severn by 
ferry ; about 15 minutes steaming. [Or take train to Portskewit by Severn 
tunnel ; fare 4d., bicycle 66..'] 

Black Rock Inn to Crick (2^ — 135f) ; just beyond the railway 
keep to I. and at Portskewit, 134^, to r. 

Near Portskewit are the remains of a Roman camp, and a little beyond, the 
ruins of Caldecot Castle. 

Crick to Newport (12 — 147|^) ; turn to I., and except a steep ascenfc 
beyond Oaerwent, 137i (keep toj.), the road is undulating by Five Lanes, 
138f, Kock and Fountain, 139^, Penhow, 140f, Unicorn, 141^, Hendrew, 
142, (fw. further keep to I.) and Christchurch, 145^^, crossing B. Usk just 
before Newport. 

Beyond Hendrew fm., on r. to Caerleon (1^ — 14A^) ; or at Christchurch 

on r. (li— 146f ). 

{Newport : King's Head ; Westgate.) 

At Penhow, on i., the ruins of the castle; 2m. S., Pencoed Castle; beyond 
Hendrew, Im. on I., Llanwern Eo. At Caerwent are some Roman remains. 
Caerleon was an important town in the Roman period, and even now has some 
considerable remains. In the neighbourhood are many Roman encampments. 
2m. N.W., in Llantarnam Park, the remains of the Abbey. On the Newport road 
are remains of St. Julian's Abbey. At Newport, the Castle and Malpas cK 

Newport to Cardiff (12^ — 160^) ; in Newport keep first to I. and 
then to r., and by Tredegar House, 150^, Halfway House, 153^, through 
St. Mellons, 155|, over Eumney Bridge, 157, and through Roath, 168|, is 
not so hilly and is a good macadam road. [Or in Newpoi't take first to r. 
after railway, then to I., and again to Z. at Bassaleg, 150f, joining the other 
road at St. Mellons, 155^.] 

{Cardiff: Cardiff Arms; Imperial; Queen's, B.T.C; Royal.) 

At St. Mellons is a small encampment. At Bassaleg, on r., Rogerston Castle. 
At Cardiff, remains of the Norman castle, in which Duke Robert was confined 26 
years. Cardiff lies on I. of the road, it is chiefly the seaport of the Merthyr 
Tydvil coal and iron district. 2/n. on r., at Landaff, the ruins of the Abbey or 
Cathedral and Palace. 

Cardiff to Cowbridge (12^ — 172|) ; soon after leaving CardiS cross 
B. Taff, then a hill has to be climbed, more than a mile long and rather too 
steep to be ridden, and followed by a steep fall to Ely Bridge, 1C2|; after 
that it is a good but hilly road through St. Nicholas, 1661^, Bonvilston or 
Tresimon, 168^, and over Staton Down, 170^; fine scenery. 

At Cowbridge on I. through St. Athan's, 176f, to Qileston, 177^. 

(Cowlridge : Bear, B.T.C. ; Duke of Wellington.) 

At St. Nicholas, on I., Duffryn Ho., near which are several large cromlechs ; 
Im. further S., Wenvoe Castle. At Bonvilston, on r,, Cottrell, on I., Llantrithyd 
Park. At Cowbridge, a Gothic built gate, part of the old wall still remains 



92 

Singular embattled ch., near whicli are remains of a Druidical temple. Llanbethian 
Oastle and Penlline Castle. South Glamorganshire abounds in old castles and 
castellated mansions, &c. 

Cowbridge to Ewenny Bridge {61 — 179), is a fair undulating road 
through Corntown, 178. Past Ewenny on the reverse journey keep to l. 
At Ewenny Bridge, on r., the Priory ; 4??i. on L, on the coast, Dunraven Castle. 

Ewenny Bridge to Aberavon (13—192) ; by the left hand road 
over Newbridge, 181, by Pyle Inn, 185|, Margam Park, 187i, and through 
Taibach, 191, is a good road for Wales. On the reverse journey keep to r. 
^m. before Newbridge. [Or keep to 7-. from Ewenny Bridge, and through 
Bridgend, 181, and Lalestone, joining the other road ^m. past Newbridge; 
] Im. longer.] 

At Newbridge, on L, ruins of Ogmore Castle. At Bridgend, the ruins of 
Coity Castle. At Margam, old Saxon ch., Abbey ruins, Margam Park, Roman 
camp, &c. At Aberavon, large copper works. 

Aberavon to Keath (6—198) ; through Briton Ferry, 195, is a 
eimilar kind of road. 

{Neaih : Castle.) 

Near Briton Ferry, on r., Baglan Hall. Neath is a small seaport with iron 
and copper works ; here are ruins of castle and Cistercian moaastery ; Gno'l 
Castle. 

Neath to Swansea (8| — 2061) ; after crossing B. Neath, turn to I., 
and over Morriston Bridge, 203 1, (turn to I.) is not quite so good and more 
hilly, but nothing a bicyclist need fear ; it is rather bumpy owing to so 
much local traffic. 

{Swansea: Bash; Cameron Arms; Castle; George; Mackworth Arms ; Royal, 
B.T.C. ; Temperance.) 

Past Morriston Bridge, on r., Morris Castle. Swansea is one of the chief 
seaports in South Wales, and has extensive docks ; north is a large coal and iron, 
&c. district. St. Mary's ch., and St. John's ch, Swansea Castle, erected 1099. 
Beyond are Woodland Castle, Oystermouth Castle ruins. King Arthur's Stone, &c. 

Swansea to Llanelly (10| — 217) ; at the entrance of Swansea turn 
to r., and about 2|m. out to Z. ; it is nearly all up and do^wn as far as 
Loughor or Llwchyr Ferry, 212 j, with hills averaging ^m. long, but a good 
rider can mount them ; the remainder is easier : the surface is something 
between macadam and paved, and does not suit alight machine. Returning 
2m. out of Llanelly, keep to r. 

At Loughor, ruins of the castle ; near it is an immense cromlech, Arthur's 
Stone. 

Llanelly to Kidwelly (9—226) ; in Llanelly turn to I. ; good mac- 
adam road, running close by the coast, with a few ups and downs to Pem- 
brey, 222, entering which village is a short steep fall, where the rider should 
be careful ; the other Ann. are quite level, except a short rise followed by a 
descent into the old town at Kidwelly ; rather heavy going. [Or by the 
main road is Im, shorter ; keep through Llanelly bearing to the r., then 
turn to I. at the railway ; it is half up hill and half down, passing over 
Mynydd Pembrey.] 

At Kidwelly, the remains of the castle, founded 1094. 

Kidwelly to Carmarthen (Ivy Bush, 9—235) ; through Llandefei- 
k)g, 229^; there are some rather steep ups and downs, including one stifE 



93 



III 1 1 



a, mile long, tlie first lialf of wMch can be ridden by a good rider ; good 
surface all the way. 

[There is a shorter route from Neath over Morriston Bridge, 203 J (keep 
straight on), through Llangervelach, 205^, Cross Inon, 2072-, Pontardulais, 
211 (turn to r. and l^m. further keep to I.), Gribranlwy, 212|-, Brymind, 213^, 
Llannon, 216 (shortly after keep to Z.), Pont-y-berem, 219|, and Llangen- 
drian or Llangyndeyrn, 2233-, to Carmarthen, 228| ; this is the old mail- 
coach road, but there are two or three long hills to walk up and down. 

Or from Llanelly by Morning Star, 221, Pont Yates, 223^, Maingeeu, 
225, and Pont Anton, 227, joining the last road nearly 3m. further, to 
Carmarthen, 232. 

Or from Swansea, 2\m. beyond keeping to r., through Cadley, 210, to 
Cross Inon, 211J, whence to Carmarthen, 21|- — 232|, as above.] 

(Carmarthen : Boar's Head, B.T.C.) 

From Kidwelly, 4»^. before Carmarthen, on I., Towy Castle, on r.. Parr's 
Castle. At Carmarthen was born the bard Merlin. 2m. off are Merlin's Hill and 
chair. The remains of the castle are now used as a gaol. 

Carmartlien to St. Clears or St. Clare's Bridge (Blue Boar, 9^ 
— 244-1) ; in Carmarthen keep to I., and by Stony Bridge, 236 1-, and 
Banc-y-fetin, 241, is an undulating road, all rideable. 

At St. Clears on Z. to Laugharne (3—247^.) 

Past Stony Bridge, on r., Castle-y-Gaer, an old entrenchment. Laugharne, at 
the mouth of the B. Taff, the ruins of the castle. Im. distant, Koche Castle and 
Llanstephan Castle. 

St. Clears to Canagton Bridge (13 j — 258) ; take the right hand 
road through Bethlem, 245^, Pont-y-Fenny, 247|, Whitland, 249 1, and 
Eobeston Wathen, 257; it is a continuation of long ups and downs, some 
of them almost too steep to be ridden up, but can be descended with safety 
by a careful rider ; steep descent for ^m. to Canaston Bridge, hardly ride- 
able the reverse way ; good surface. On returning, keep to I. from Canaston 
Bridge and also at Eobeston Wathen. [Or at St. Clears take the left 
hand road through Llandowror, 246^, where keep to r., over Brandy Hill, 
249, by Tavernspite, 251|, Princes Gate, 254^, whence either by r. straight 
to Narberth, or by Z. through Cold Blow, 255|, and Narberth, 257^, to 
Roheston Wathen, 259.] 

(Narberth : Angel ; Court House ; De Rutzen.) 

At Whitland, on r., ruins of the Abbey. At Canaston Bridge, on r., Ridgway 
3o., and beyond it, raias of Llawhadden Castle. Af .Narberth are the remains of 
a castle. 

Canaston Bridge to Haverfordwest (8 —266) ; just beyond Can- 
aston Bridge is a steep, rough climb of about a mile, which requires care in 
descending; from the top a good level road extends past Mid-County 
House, 260|, with another stiff descent of nearly ^m. to Deeplake Bridge, 
263, and the rest is good easy running to withiu ^m. of Haverfordwest, 
where a steep descent, Scurry Hill, has to be negotiated. 

(Haverfordwest: Castle; Marine; Salutation.) 

At Midcounty Ho., Im. on I., Picton Castle and Rose Castle : on r. ruing of 
Wiston Castle. Haverfordwest is a small seaport ^.;Ownj there are remains of an 
ancient castle, now the gaol. 

Haverfordwest to St. David's (15f — 281|); through the town keep 
to r., and by Pelcgnib Bridge, 267^, Keeston Bridge, 269f, over Keeston 



94 

Hill, through Eoche, 2721, by N'ewgate Sands, 274, and Solva, 279; it 
consists throughout of steep unrideable ascents and descents, the surface 
being loose and dangerous. 

{St. David's : George; Prospect.) 

At Roche are the ruins of an old castle. Sfc. David's was formerly for 600 
years a Metropolitan see, having been founded, it is said, by King Arthur. The 
cathedral is a venerable Gothic built structure ; there are ruins of the Bishop's 
Palace, also of St. Stephen's Chapel and the Nuns' Chapel, and remains of a camp. 

LONDON TO READING (by Wokingham). 

London to Virginia Water (21) — p. 46. 

Virginia "Water to Wokingham or Oakingham (lOf — 31f) ; 
turning to the r. it is a pretty undulating road for about 3m., skirting the 
south side of Windsor Park, with a stiff hill to mount at Sunninghill, 24, 
then a mile level past Ascot race ground, followed by a long downhill, and 
the road continues hilly for a mile beyond Bracknell, 28, after which it is 
pretty level into Wokingham : good gravel road but sometimes loose and 
sandy in dry weather, especially alongside the park. 

At Sunninghill, on r., Sill wood Park : 2m. S. of Bracknell is Easfchampstead Park. 

"Wokingham to Reading (7 — 38f ) ; very good easy road through 
King Street, 33|-, and over Loddon Bridge, 35|, except a long hill to mount 
just before Reading, followed by a good downhill into the town. 

At Loddon Bridge, on I., Maiden Early ; a little further, White Knights. 

LONDON TO EEADING (by Winkfield). 

London to Egham (18) — p. 46. 

Egham to Winkfield (71— 25|) ; at the foot of Egham Hill turn to 
r., and through Englefield Green, 19^ ; it is chiefly on the rise to Bishop's 
Gate, 20 f, where enter Windsor Great Park ; then taking the right hand 
fork, across the park {2m.) by the end of the Long Walk, 21, through Cran- 
bourn Wood, 22|-, just beyond which at 23^m. turn to r. at the forks, (the 
road straight on to I. is to Wokingham, 32|-), and over Lovell Hill, 245-, is up 
and down hill ; through the park the road is sometimes heavy, otherwise 
good. Im. before Winkfield on r. to Windsor om. On the reverse journey, 
just inside the park, keep to r. ; on I. to Windsor, 3m. 

Within Windsor Park, on I., Cumberland Lodge and the cottage. Out of 
Egham, on r., f^gham Park, Kingswood Lodge, &c. At the end of the park, on r. 
Cranbourn Lodge ; l^m. beyond it, near the Windsor road, St. Leonards Hill Ho., 
on the site of a Roman Camp. Before Winkfield, on I., Ascot Place. 

V/inkfleld to Binfleld Bridge (3| — 29) ; stiff rise to Maiden Green, 
26, (turn to Z.) then short fall and another rise to Haley or Holly Green, 27, 
and undulating by Newell Green, 2 7f, Bol Bridge, 28, and Cabbage Hill: 
very good road. [Or at Lovell Hill on I., along Hatchet Lane and Wink- 
field Eow to Newell Green ; not quite so hilly ; ^n. shorter.] 

Binfleld Bridge to Heading (9^ — 38 j); long stiff hill to mount 
beyond Binfield Bridge, then undulating by Tippen's Hill, 30^, and Bill 
Hill, 31f , joining the Wokingham road, l^m. further on : very good surface. 
Returning, take second left hacd turn past " Pheasant " public-house. 



95 

LONDON TO KINGSCLERE (by Reading). 

London to Jack's Booth (45^)— p. 88. 

Jack's Booth to Kingsclere (10^ — 55^) ; follow the Bath road for 
2|m. further, then keep to I. and through Aldermaston, 49^, a little further 
turn to r, through Wasing, 51|, over Ashford common, and bj Fair Oak, 
53|. 

At Aldermaston, on I., Aldermaston Park : at Wasing, on Z., Wasing Ho. 
About 4m, E. of Aldermaston, at Silchester, the remains of the Romano- British 
city of Calleva, destroyed in the 6th century ; the wall is still standing, 12 to 
30 ft. high ; also the amphitheatre. 

LONDON TO EADSTOCK (by Marlborough). 

London to Beckhampton Inn (81^) — p. 89. 

Beckhampton Inn to Devizes {71 — 88|) by the left hand fork 
is a capital road and level for most of the way. 

On r. pass close by Roundaway Down, where the Parliamentarians were 
defeated in the ciyil war ; Oliver's Camp and Beacon Down. Before, at 84fm.., 
cross Wans Dyke, an ancient entrenchment running across the Downs for 7 or 8m. 

Devizes to Radstock (20| — 109) ; through Trowbridge, 98| — p. 86. 

LONDON TO BATH (by Devizes). 

London to Trowbridge (98^) — above. 

Trowbridge to Bradford-on-Avon (2— lOOJ)— p. 86. 

Bradford-on-Avon to Stoke Viaduct (4 — 104|) ; keep along the 
edge of the Avon valley through Winsley, 101|^, and going down a long 
hill, cross B. Avon by Stoke Bridge to Limpley Stoke, 104, where turn to 
r. to Stoke Viaduct at the junction of the new road from Beckington. [Or 
through Trowbridge cross railway, turn to r., and ^. further to I., and 
through Westwood-with-ILford and Freshford, to Limpley Stoke.] 

At Freshford, on I., Hinton Abbey. 

Stoke Viaduct to Bath (4^ — 108f) ; at the sign-post at the foot of 
Stoke Hill the road to the r. should be taken through Claverton, 105f , and 
Bathampton, following the left bank of B. Avon ; it is undulating, with a 
descent into Bath that requires care ; this is much the easier road. [The 
other road on I. through Widcombe, 106|, is 1^. shorter, but a steep ascent 
has to be negotiated, and a long, very steep descent to be walked down into 
Bath, 107f. Coming from Bath bear to I. after crossing B. Avon and 
railway.] Oolite surface. 

[Or in Bradford turn to r., and shortly after keep to I., and by Farley- 
wiek, 103|, and through Bathford, lOof, and Bathford Tg., 106, where join 
the Chippenham road, and to Bath, 109 — p. 90. It is not so pretty as 
the other road. From Farleywick the road runs close to B. Avon on I. 
Returning keep always to r.] 

Pretty scenery. In the Avon valley the road, canal, railway, and river run 
parallel all the way to Bath. Before Widcombe, on L, Prior Park. Bath, p. 90. 



96 

LONDON TO BATH (by Melksham). 

London to Devizes (88f)-p. 95. , ^ , . . -, ,, ,. 

, ,--^ivoV,aTYi Cyi 96V follow the Trowbridge road as at 

Devizes to ^^elksham (7^ ^W , Yl'^'^i^e^.e ^ ^ ^^^^ ^^^ 

p. 86, to Summ-^r ^v food to MkshjC^^^^^^^ is a descent. 

Forbt'onrD-^sT^^^^^^^^ ^owfe and Selves Green, 

joining the other road further on.] 

(Melksham : King's Arms, B.T.C) 

Melksham to Bathford (8-104) ; good road, past the railway 

statifnr\liron| ^^^o7' '^'x^n^^slowT HiU ^ ''fS^tAl^tAtl 

Kingsdown Hill.] 

BatMord to Bath (3^-107^)-?. 90. 

LONDON TO WESTON-SUPER-MAEE (by Batb). 

London to Bath (106)— p. 89. ,, x, ^ «« ,f 

, . -»»• 1 -u «^ fas 119l^. follow the Keynsham road, as ac 
, ,^t%r^lTl::'li'o:i^^eiP^^^ tuJto Land through 
Borsion, UOi keeping to I. Im. before Marksbnry. 

Before Marksbury, on !., Stantontary Hill Camp. ,, r 

DLuwctj a ^1,^11/0 1 Qon . +qVe the rieht hand road, 

„nnIg"u*nr?no^?H^r «e W H^!^'^ ^^P^ 
MrrUnfl23i, Ubley, 124i, Blagdon, 126, and Bnrrington, 12/*. 
At Churchill, on Mendip Hills, Dolebury Camp. 

. . .« -n /o ^QQl^. €if. t.bp entrance of tbe former talce 

to I. and through Sandford Hill, 13l. 

Banwell to Weston-super-Mare (6-139i)-p. m. 

LONDON TO WESTON-SUPER-MARE 

(by Marshfield and Bristol). 

London to Chippenham (93^)— p. 89. 

Chippenham to Marshfield (9 1-103) ; keep ^^^if^,,^^/^"^^^^ 
CliiDPenham to the railway station, then to I. under the ^a^/^^^ ,^,7,1 turther 
Sep W^^^d at Ford Mill, 99, to the r. and through AVraxall, 100, , it is 
n nvioadam road, but on the whole tolerable. 

^ Atro"dMin,2„.. on r., Castle Combe Ho.; J ». beyond WrazaU cross the 
Fosse Way. S. of Marshfleld are some Druidical stones. 



97 

Marshfleld to Bristol (11—114) ; by Tog HiU, 106, Wick, 107|-, 
Warmley, 109f , Kings wood Hill, llOf, and St. George, 112, is a poor macadam 
road, inclined to be rutty in places. Returning, at St. George keep to I. 

Wick is situate on a small stream that runs down the Golden Valley to the 
JB. Avon; S. are some Druidical stones, and near the R. Avon is a Roman camp. 

Bristol to Brockley (9| — 123|) ; in Bristol turn to I. along Victoria 
street to the Keynsham road, crossing the B. Avon, by RedcliS Bridge, 
then turn to r. along Redcliff Crescent, and to I. through Bedminster, 115 
(where keep to r.). Long Ashton, 117, Flax Bourton, 120, and Backwell 
West Town, 122. [Or from Redcliii Crescent continue along the riverside 
through Coronation road to beyond the railway, when turn to I. for Long 
Ashton.] 

Before Long Ashton, on r., Ashton Court. At Bourton, on r., Bourton Ho., 
on I., Barrow Court. At Brockley, 5m. on r., on Severn Channel, Clevedoa 
Court, Walton Castle, and Cadbury Camp. 

Brockley to Weston-super-Mare (10 — 133|) ; very rough road 
through Congresbury, 126 (turn to r.),Puxton, 128, Banwell Station, 130|-, 
and Worle, 131J ; after Congresbury it is but a lane. 

LONDON TO ST. DAVID'S (by Marshfield). 

London to Bristol (114) — above. 

Bristol to St. David's (162— 276)— pp. 90-94; the distance to 
Bristol by this route is Sfw. shorter than through Bath. 

LONDON TO ST. DAVID'S (by Aust). 

London to Chippenham (93|) — p. 89. 

Chippenham to Nettleton (8| — 102) ; keep straight on through 
Chippenham to the railway station, then to I. under the railway; 2\m. 
further on turn to r., and gentle rise to Yatton Keynell, 97^, and then hilly 
■with sharp ups and downs through Upper Gastlecombe, 99; surface inclined 
to be rough and rutty. 

On L, Castle Combo Ho. Beyond Chippenham, on r., Ilardenhuish Ro. 
Beyond Upper Castle Combe cross Fosse Way. 

Nettleton to Chipping Sodbury (6-^108); by the right hand road 
throtkgh Acton Turville, 102f , by Cross Hands Inn, 105|^, whence (keeping 
to r. a little further) is downhill, the first bit rather steep, through Old 
Sodbury, 106i. 

{Chipping Sodbury: Portcullis, B.T.C.; Cross Ilancls Inn.) 
At Acton Turville, 2w. on r., Badminton Park. At Cross Hands Inn, on L, 
Doddington Park. 

Chipping Sodbury to Iron Acton (3| — 111^) j through Tate, 109, 
and over Westerleigh Common, 110 (keep to 7*.). 

Iron Acton to Alveston (4 — 115^) ; through Iron Acton turn to r. 
and through Lotteridge, 112|, and over Earthcote Common, llSf. 

Alveston to Olveston (2| — 117^); out of Alveston turn to Z., 
and at the Royal Oak, 116, turn to r., and through Tockington, 116|. 
■Returning, from Olveston take right hand road. 

B 



98 



Northwich, 121^ -nnTriH'^* a51i— 274); by Blach EocTi Inn, 

Ewenny mdge,17lh^beravon IS^^^ 227i or 

^•it^:'§iic:::^Ifi^:^: i°d-H«»./o,..., 258,- 

pp.'91-94. The old passage was by Ohepstow. 

LONDON TO PENRICE AND RHOSSILI. 

T nn don to Swansea (198|)— above. 

Swansea to Penrica 14-212|); keep straight through S^vansea. 
then brr to', and through Olchfa, 201f , and Penmaeu, 209|. 
9m hpvond Olchta on r. to Mossdi (8— ^Otfj)- 
le^riceCstlo, Oxwich Castle. Weobley Castle, *o. 

LONDON TO PEMBROKE. 

London to St. Clears C236|)-aW. 

«t r-lpnrs to Llandowror (2— 238J — p. Vi- . , , j j 

?V i^Lr to Beaellv (10-248f); take the left hand road and 

.V ^\^ r'^Zare 2°3? [Or to OoMJBio» 9-■247^-p. f ; here turn to 

''^l^fi^^ntoT through Templeton, 248|, to Begdly, 251 i-] 

I. and again to I. throu V j ^^^ through Wooden, 250i, 

Begelly to Tenby 14^-^ *^ straight through Begelly]. 

''"^'^t:^J ctbuflf'boSon" Lionf lloy.l Gat? House, Koyal Wh.te L.ou > 

^'"1 Be,e„y. on .. Hean or m„ C..,^ W^^^^ 

^^r^seTbath^nfftre Itstk^thl^ine^^f/ck ani Fort. Castle H..1. Me.U.s 

I,re!V , St^lar,. e. ^--^^i:^-—::::,^, „, Tenhy is a long 

and Stupelake, 256^ to Pemhrohe 2bS. ^.^ 2511, Cressilly, 

*br from CamrfoH Br%e on I., to Yerbeston Gate 254^ j^^ ^^_ 

.,eep«-u7a^::^Lirlrfr:r^™^^^ 

splendid hard road to Garew, 259|.] 

(Pe77ibro/ce ; Lion.) on the coast, Lydstep Caverns, 

'splendid view from the Mg« ^aj^p^^/^^iL ot the palaceT At Carew, on 

Srctwogr SaVefnr/c' oSofHorreCole court. S. 



S3 



LONDON TO MILFORD. 

London to Haverfordwest (258^)— p. 98. 

Haverfordwest to Johnston (4— 262i) • throuo-h tinp f^vr>,o„ i, 

stone^266t to ISAT^ ^ '^ ^'^''" "■• '"''"'' ^'■°^^' 2«3i- anj Hubber- 

oros^^oLl-Tsi''"'^ "^"'^ "^^ "-^ ^^^--^^ "> ^^-broke (12-271J)-see 
At Merlin's Bridge, on (., Forn Hill, and Boulston Ho. 
Johnston to Milford ('Si 96^3^ • -, , 

^^r^Ti:t:7T^^^^^^ ^-.^-^^ d-ks and quay, the 

Johnston, on i.. Harmes on ^^ aV s!^^'? ' ^''" '^ ^^ observatory. Beyond 
^c. At Milfo;d, :nT cTs^^an onTN^sto^n m'TB^T.'^h' 
Haven i^c, Butter Hill, and Dale Castle, &c. ' ^*'- -^"^olph s, Sandy 

LONDON TO MERTHYR TYDVIL. 

London to Newport (147|)— p. 91. 

(keep to Z.) and Rudiy ^^^'^^^S, ^oO^ wliere keep to r. through Machen 
At Caerphilly, remains of castle. 

163, whLTi^Sfow°tbf .^i^^/^f Th^e^j/^T'irbV?^' ^ «":?|«-'er's Anns. 
m. Traveller's Rest, 167, and Quaker's Yxrf f6^°",'jP"^f ""^ Newbridge, 
and canal. [Or to GardUr IKOi n QI H . ' . ' ^'""gside river, raihyaj, 

which follow^p the valtf throni^ WHtclunX ?,l\'^«*°r-™"'"^.^- ^='^' 
road at Bridgewater's Arm<i 17l2 tip v„„ ' ^l' ''°'^, ^°'"'"S "'« "'her 

bill, which c°an be easi./rul^ed.' '& ^qt: f^et^.l '"^''^ ^^ ^^^-^' 

(Aberdare : Black Lion, B.T.C. ; Boot ) 
DowSr, C^Sl^^atstT&r^"" '" ™^^' ^^' ^'^^ ^^-^ -— ^« --tre. ^ 

LONDON TO ALDBOURN. 

London to Reading (39)— p. 88. 

Reading to Pangbourne (6 — i5) is IpvpI nr .lio-i^fi • • 
along the E. Thames and throuc^h P^lev 4^ fl? f ^^^^^^ ^™"^ 

smooth hard surface. Pretty ride ^' ' ^ '"'^^^ '^'^^ good and 

(Pa^,W^a : Swan.) /3 c:..^,,. . .,. /^^^ 

Near Pangbourne, on L, Parley HaU and Bere C^^ 

h2 



100 

Pangbourne to Streatley (4 — 49), is a good but rathef tilly road 
through Basildon, 47^, running close by It. Thames ; flint road. 
Oa I., Basildon Park. Pretty scenery. 

Streatley to East Ilsley (5 — 54); in Streatley turn to Z. and through 
Compton, 52, crossing the Downs. 

East Ilsley to Fawley (5|— 59|) ; through "West Ilsley, 55, and 
Farnborough, 68. 

Before Fawley, on I., "Woolley Park. 

Fawley to Lambourne (5— 64|); across Eastbury Down; steep 
descent into Lambourne. 

[Or to Speenhamland, 56, p. 83 ; thence on r. through Welford, 61 J, 
Little or East ShefEord, 63i, Great or West Shefford, 64, East Carston, 65^-, 
and Eastbury, 661, ^o Lambourne, 68 ; pretty level.] 

On L, Welford Park. 

Lambourne to Aldbourn (6— 70|) ; through Baydon, 681. 
[Or to Ramsbury, 69 — p. 89; then on r. to Aldbourn,'73.'] 

LONDON TO WICKWAR. 

London to Maidenhead (26) — p. 87. 

Maidenhead to Henley-on-Thames (9 — 35) ; follow the Reading 
road to S tubbings Heath or Maidenhead Thicket, 28, where keep to r. 
across Stubbings Heath ; then come two or three short stifi ascents and 
descents followed by a gentle rise for 2m., and descent again to Hurley 
Bottom, 32 ; hence the steep ascent of Rose Hill has to be mounted, followed 
by the long and very steep descent of White Hill leading down to the 
bridge over B. Thames, riding down which is dangerous, if not impossible, 
on account of the steepness and generally loose stony state of the surface : 
otherwise good road. 

[Or another road, not near so hilly, is to follow the Reading road to 
Hare Hatch, 32—^. 88; and shortly beyond turn off to?-, for Wargrave, 34, 
thence on to Henley is a good, smooth, gravel road, with one or two short 
but very steep ups and downs : very pretty scenery.] 

{Henley: Red Lion ; Royal; White Ilart.) 

2/n. before Hurley Bottom, on r., remains of Augustine Priory at Bisham ; 
across R. Thames, Medmenham Abbey. Henley is famous for its annual regatta 
in July. On I., Henley Park, and on r., Fawley Court, both elegant mansions iu 
beautiful grounds; the neighbourhood abounds in residences of the gentry, 
interspersed with beautiful scenery. 

Henley-on-Thames to Wettlebed (5 — 40) ; for the first mile it is 
level, then there are about 37?^. of continuous uphill, but not steep, through 
Assington Cross, 37, and Bix Tp., 37f ; the surface is generally very 
Bmooth, so all the 5m. can be ridden up. 

{Nettlehed : Red Lion.) 

At Bix rp., on r., Henley Park ; 3m. beyond it, Stonor Park, in which deer 
are kept. 

Nettlebed to Wallingford (6 — 46) ; rather eteep descent out of 
Nettlebed, then undulating for nearly 2m, through Nuffield Heath, 41^ 
(where keep to I.), and long descent to Crowmarsh Gifford, 45^, wheaco 
cross B. Thames to Wallingford, over bridge of 19 arches, gravel road. 



101 

(WalUngford: George; Lamb; Nuffield Heath ; Crown.) 

On I., Ipsden So. and Woodcot Ho. On Crowmarsh, on I., Mongewell Eo 
At Wallingford, remains of castle, St. Peter's^ c/i., Castle Priory. 

Wallingford to Harwell (8—54) ; through Brightwell, 48 (turn to 
Z.), and Didcot, 52;^ ; good chalk road. 

[Or to Streatley, 49— p. 100 ; at the fork roads beyond keep to I., and it 
is very hilly and rough as far as Blewberry, 54|, and then it improves 
through Upton, 56, to Harwell, 58.] 

Harwell to Wantage 6 — 60) is a good chalk road through East 
Hendred, 56, and Ardington, 57f . This road is called the Port Way. 

(Wantage: Bear, B.T.C.) 

Wantage was the birthplace of Alfred the Great, and was a royal town of the 
Saxons. On the range of hills on I. runs an old British road, called the Ridgeway 
or Ickleton street ; many barrows are scattered about. 

Wantage to Swindon (17 — 77) ; beyond "Wantage turn to I., and 
through Childrey, 62 J, Woolston, 66 j, Ashbury, 69k, Bishopstone, 71 1, and 
Wanborough, 73, is a very loose and rough road, with many steep little 
hills, which require careful riding. 

(Swindon: Bell; Goddard Arms, i?.T.C ; King's Arms.) 
About 3m. beyond Wantage, the road goes through the Vale of White Horse, 
the figure of which is seen on the hill side, on I. For several m. the road runs 
close under the north side of the hills, being the old Port Way. There are several 
objects of antiquity, &c., as the Punch Bowl, Letcombe Castle, Blowing 
Stone, White Horse, Dragon Hill, Offington Castle, Wayland Smith's Cave or 
Forge, Alfred's Castle, and Hardwell Camp. 

Swindon to Malmesbury (15 — 92) ; rough descent out of Swindon, 
then a good gravel and flint road through Brinkworth, 86J, with no 
difficult hills till just before Malmesbury, when there are two which require 
careful riding. Eeturning, when nearly through Malmesbury, turn to I. 

4m. further, Im. on I., Wootton Bassett, a small old-fashioned town, 83 j. 

{Mahneshury : King's Arms, B.T.C; King's Head. — Wootton Bassett: Angel } 
Royal Oak.) 

2'in. beyond Swindon, on r., Lydiard Park. Malmesbury was formerly an 
important town, and parts of the walls are left, but the castle has disappeared ; 
there are ruins of the splendid Abbey, built in the 9th century, and containing 
King Athelstane's tomb ; fine market cross. 

Malmesbury to Great Sherston (5J — 97i) ; through Westport, 92|, 
and Easton Grey, 95 1, undulating and fair road. 

About half-way cross the old Fosse Way, or Akeman Street, and Im. on I, 
at Whitewalls, is the site of the Eoman station of Matuardonis. 

Great Sherston to Dunkirk (4^ — 102), through Sopworth, 99J. 
Returning, just out of Dunkirk keep to r. 

Im. before Dunkirk, on I., Badminton Park (Duke of Beaufort). 

Dunkirk to Wickwar (5 — 107) ; through Hawkesbury Upton, 103 
{im. beyond which keep to I.). 

LONDON TO CHIPPENHAM (by Swindon). 

London to Wootton Bassett (831) — above. 
Wootton Bassett to Iiyneham (4i— 87f), 



102 

Xjynehain to CMppenham. {dl — 99) ; at Lyneham keep to r. and 
through Christian Malford, 91f , Sutton Benger, 93, and Langlcy Burrell, 95^. 
At Sutton Benger, on r., Draycot Mo. 

LONDON TO THORNEUHY. 

London to Wantage (60) — p. 101. 

"Wantage to Faringdon (8 — 68) is a splendid flint road through 
East Charlow, 61, Stanford, 64f , and Stanford Plain, 65|- ; after East 
Charlow the road bears away to N.W., and there is a long descent into 
Faringdon. Returning, keep to r. out of Faringdon. 

Before Faringdon, on I., Shillingford Castle ; on r., Wadley Ho, Interesting 
old ch, at Faringdon, with Diany old monuments. N. of town, Faringdon Ho. ; 
near to it is a circular camp. 

Faringdon to Highworth {61 — 74 J) ; beyond Faringdon is a long 
uphill to mount, then descent and ascent to Coleshill, 71f , out of which is a 
steep fall and long pull up to Highworth. 

(Highwurth : King and Queen ; Saracen's Head.) 

On I., Coleshill Ho. ; at Highworth, on I., at Sevenhampton, Warneford Place. 

Highworth to Cricklade (7| — 81f) ; after some undulating road a 
long rise to " Cold Harbour " Inn, 78, where turn to r. down a long, steep 
Lill, and through Water Eaton, 80 j, and over Colcut Bridge ; good flint road. 

[Or to Swindon, 77 — p. 101 ; thence to Crichlade, 8 — 85, by " Cold 
Harbour " Inn, 81^.] 

(Cricklade: White Hart; White Horse.) 

About 3m. past Highworth, on r.. Castle Hill. At " Cold Harbour" Inn join 
the Roman Ermine Way. At Cricklade, St. Sampson's ch. and St. Mary's ch. 

Cricklade to Charlton (9f — 91^) ; rather up and down hill, but 
nothing difficult, through Leigh Common, 84f , by Cove House, 85f , Minety 
station, 86|, and over Broadwater Bridge, 91 ; gravel road, very good 
going. Pretty scenery. 

Charlton to Tetbury (5| — 97) ; turn to r. and skirt north side of 
Charlton Park, and through Five Lanes Tp., 93, and Long Newton, 95:^ ; 
rather hilly, and steep ascent into Tetbury. 

[Or forward to Malmeshury, 93f ; then turn to r. and through Long 
Newton, 96^-, to Tecbury, 98|; very shaky road, with some sharp little hills 
to ascend. 

Or to 3Ialmeshurif, 92 — p. 101, thence to Tetbury, 4| — 96f — above.] 

(Tetbury : While Hart, B.T.C.) 

Before Tetbury, on I,, Eastcourt Ho. At Tetbury, fine ch. 

Tetbury to Kingscote, Hunter's Hall (5| — 102^); through Tetbury 
turn to I. and through Beverstone, 99, and past Calcott Farm, 100|. 

At Beverstone, on r., Chevenage Ho. On r., Kingscote Park; on I. Im., 
Lasborough Park. 

Kingscote to "Wotton-nnder-Edge (4} — IO62) ; beyond Kingscote 
keep to I. twice. 

(Wotton: Royal Oak, B.T.C.-, Swau, B.T.C.) 
At Wotton, Im. on I., Newark Park. 

Wotton-under-Edge to Thornbury (8| — 115). 



103 

LONDON TO BRISTOL (by Malmesbury). 

London to Malmesbury (92) — p. 101. 

Malmesbury to Aoton Turville (8|— 100|) ; beyond Malmesbury 
turn to I. and through Foxley, 94j, and Lackington, 99. 

[Or to Great Sherston, 972-, p. 101 ; there turning to I. is a sharp awkward 
fall, which requires caution in descending, and almost level through 
Lackington, 101|-, to Acton Tarville, 103 ; surface inclined to be stony.] 

At Lackington, on r., Badminton Park. 

Acton Tarville to Bristol (15.^1161) ; through Tormarfcon, 103}, 
Codrington, Whimsey, and Ridgway. 

[Or at Acton Turville turn on I. to Nettleton, lOlJ, whence by Toll 
Down Inn, 105}, Hinton, 107, through Pucklechurch, 109, Mangotsfield, 
llO^-, and Ridgway, where join the other road to Bristol, 117.] 

At TormarLoa, on r., Dodiagton Park; before Ridgway, on r., Cleeve Lodge 
and Cleeve Hill. Beyond Toll Down Inn, on I., Dirham Park; beyond Packle- 
church, on I., Siston Court ; at Mangotsfield, on r., Hill ITo, 

LONDON TO WICKWAR (by Tetbury). 

London to Tetbury (97)— p. 102. 

Tetbury to Dunkirk (7^ — 104|) ; in Tetbury turn to I. and through 
Doughton, 98, by Hare and Hounds, 99, and through Didmarton, 102^, is 
an easy road as to hills ; oolite surface, slippery and rutty in wet weather. 

Dunkirk to Wickwar (5— 1091)— p. 101. 

[Or to Wotton-under-Edge, 106|, p. 102, then follow the Thornbury road 
for Sm., and turn to I. to Wichivar, 111^.] 

LONDON TO ST. DAVID'S (by Malmesbury). 

London to Acton Turville (lOOf) — above. 

Acton Turville to St. David's (171i— 272)— pp. 97-98. 

LONDON TO BERKELEY. 

London to Paringdon (68)— p. 102. 

Faringdon to Lechlade (of — 73f ) ; in Faringdon turn to r. and 
through Buscot, 72, and over St. John's Bridge, 73, is perfectly level and 
first rate gravel road. 

{Lechlade : 'New Inn; Swan.) 

Lechlade is th© highest point to which the B. Thames is navigable ; the ch. 
was erected in the 15th century; on r., Buscot Park. 

Lechlade to Pairford (4|- — 78) is a fairly good road, and quite level. 

(Fairford : Bull, B.T.C.) 

At Fairford, very fiue ch. with beautiful windows ; on r., Fairford Park. 

Fairford to Cirencester (8|— 86|) ; through Poulton, 81^, Easing- 
ton, 82f, and Ampney Crucis, 831, fairly level road, with one or two sligjil 
undulations; fairly good surface, but being composed of oolite stone in 
dangerously rutty and greasy when wet. Eeturning, turn to r. outside 
Cirencester. 



104 

(Cirencester : Fleece, B.T.O.i King's Head.) 

Oa r. pass Ampnej Park and Mo. Cirencester was an important station of 
tbe Romans, situate at the junction of Ermine Way, Fosse Way, Ikenild street, 
and Akeman sti'eet ; many antiquities have been found in the vicinity. Gothio 
ch. of the 14th C3ntury, recently restored, one of the finest in England. Near the 
town is the Agricultural College. • Old Roman Museum. 

Cirencester to Frampton Tp. {6^ — 93|^); ^m. out of Cirencester 
keep to r. ; very undiilatin^ road, skirting south side of Oakley Park for 
4»i., then over Sapperton Tunnel. 

On I., the village of Cotes, which gives its name to the Cotswold Hills ; 
beyond is the source of B. Thames ; also an old entrenchment called Trewsbury 
Castle. 

Frampton Tp. to MincMn Hampton {3} — 96^) ; ^m. beyond, 
turn to I., and again to I. before Minchin Hampton. 

(Minchin Hampton : Crown, B.T.C.) 

Before Minchin Hampton, on r., Hyde Court, and Minchin Hampton Parkj 
on Z., Gatcombe Park. Fine c/i. at Minchin Hampton, founded in the reign of 
Henry III. 

Minohin Hampton to Nailsworth (2 — 98^) ; entering Nailsworth 
tarn to I. 

(Nailsworth : George, B.T.C. j Railway.) 

Nailsworth to Dursley (7— 105^) ; tlirougb Horsley, 99|, and 2m. 
further turn to I., then ^m. further to r., and again to r. shortly after, and 
through Uley, 103|. 

[Or to Klngscote, 102|^, — ^p. 102 ; beyond which take second turn on r. 
to Dursley, 106|-.] 

(Dursley: Old Bell, B.T.C.) 

At Dursley, on I., Stancombe Park; on r. Ferney Hill and Kingshill Mo. 

Dursley to Berkeley (5| — llli) ; a mile beyond Dursley keep to 
L, and ^m. further to r., and 2m. again join the Gloucester and Bristol 
road ; at " Old BeU," 109|, turn to r. 

(Berkeley: Berkeley Arms; White Hart.) 

At Berkeley, on I., Berkeley Castle, built soon after the Conquest. Fine old 
ch-i containing some ancient monuments, and with a separate tower. 

LONDON TO STONEHOUSE. 

London to Frampton Tp. (93^) — above. 

Frampton Tp. to Stroud (5| — 99); take right hand road ^m. 
further on, then there is a long hill to mount, followed by Ihn. descent, in 
some parts steep, through Chalford, 95^-, to near Brimscombe, 97, whence 
it is a level run into Stroud, running alongside railway and canal. Pretty 
scenery. 

[Or to Minchin Hampton, 96 i, above ; then on r. through Eodborough, 
99|, to Stroud, lOOL] 

(Stroud: Albany; George; Imperial; Royal George, 5. T. C. ; Swan.) 

At Chalford 2m. on r. Lypial Park. Beyond Minchin Hampton, on r.. Road 
Mo., and on I. Hill Mo. At Rodborough Hill, the Fort; on I., Stanley Part, 
Stroud is the chief seat of the West of England woollen trade ; on every side but 
W. it is Burrounded by steep hills. 



105 

Stroud to Stonehouse (2|— 101^) ; through Cain's Cross, 100, and 
Ebley, lOOJ, is a good level road. 

{Stonehouse : Crown and Anchor.) 

2/71. S. of Stonehouse is Woodchester Park, where remains of a large Homan 
villa have been found. 

LONDON TO GLOUCESTER. 

London to Cirencester (86|) — p. 103. 

Cirencester to Birdlip (10|— 97i), along the old Koman Ermine 
"Way, and crossing the Cotswold Hills; through Sfcratton, 89^, is an 
undulating road, quite straight for Sm., with no heavy hills, bub descent 
into Birdlip ; oolite road, good in dry weather, bad and slippery when wet. 

About 3i)i. before Birdlip, on L, Miserden Park. 2m. K of Birdlip, the H, 
Churn rises, one of the highest affluents of the B. Thames. Fine views. 

Birdlip to Gloucester (7| — 104^) ; leaving the Cotswolds the long 
and very steep descent of Birdlip Hill continues through Birdlip to 
Whitcomb, 99, dangerous to ride down and should be walked ; then it is a 
level and very good road through Cross Hands, 100, Brockworth, 100^, 
Huccleoote, 101|, and Barnwood, 102|, with an ascent into Gloucester: 
Bristol stone. 

(Oloucester : Albion j Greyhound; Lower George ; New Inn; Ram; Spread 
Eagle, B.T.C.) 

At Whitcomb, on i., remains of a Roman villa ; beyond, Prinknash Park. 
At Gloucester, the cathedral, a fine Gothic building, commenced in 1407. 

LONDON TO GLOUCESTER (by Abingdon). 

London to Nettlebed (40)— p. 100. 

Nettlebed to Bensington or Benson (6 — 46) ; rather steep 
descent out of Nettlebed, then uphill for nearly 2m. through Nuffield 
Heath, 41 1 (keep to r.) ; after that is the long and rather stiff descent of 
Gangsdown Hill, followed by another descent just after the 43rd ms., then 
undulating through Beggar's Bush, 44, and the last mile level into 
Bensington ; good surface, but sometimes dusty. 

^ Bensington to Dorchester (3| — 49^) ; capital level road through 
Shillingford, 47|, running close by B. Thames all the way. 

{Shillingford : Swan.) 

In Saxon times Dorchester was a bishop's see; interesting old ch. ; remains 
of priory of Black Monks. At the junction of Thames andlsis is an ancient camp. 

Dorchester to Abingdon (6i— 55|) ; by left hand road, is almost 
level through Burcot, 60|, and Clifton, 52, and over Culham Bridge, 54| 
{B. Thames) ; capital going, pretty scenery. 

(Abingdon: Lion, B.T.C; Nag's Head ; Queen.) 

At Abingdoa, St. Nicholas ch., erected in the latter part of the 13th century. 
Slight remains of a Benedictine Abbey, founded bj the Saxons. 

Abingdon to Fyfleld (5|— 61^) ; through Shippon, 56|, and Tubney, 
60|-, fairly level and good road, but mostly oolite, 
On r., Oakley JIo and Tubney ITq. 



106 

Pyfleld to Faringdon (9^— 70|); by Kingston Inn, 62^, and Pusey 
Furze, 65f, is a perfectly level road ; oolite surface, but fairly good going. 

At Pusey Furze, on r., Buckland Hn. ; on L, Pusey Ho. ; and beyond Cnerbuiy 
camp, an old entrenchment. Near Faringdon, on r.,Wadley Ho. 

Faringdon to Cirencester (18|— 89^) — p. 103. 

Cirencester to Gloucester (18— 107^)— p. 105. 

LONDON TO ST. DAVID'S (by Oxford and Gloucester). 

London (Marble Arch) to Acton (5); level road through Bays- 
water, J, to Notting Hill, 2, whence there is a good longish descent nearly 
to Shepherd's Bush, 2 J ; here take right hand road at the Common, and 
the rest is level except a hill to rise into Acton ; except a few 100 yards of 
wood paving through Notting Hill, the surface is macadam all the way, 
consequently rough and bumpy, and often wet and greasy ; tramway from 
Shepherd's Bush to near Acton. 

Close to Marble Arch formerly stood Tyburn Turnpike; here also for many 
years was the execution place of London. For the first \\m. the road skirts the north 
side of Hyde Park and Kensington Gardens ; at Notting Hill, on I., Holland Ho. 

Acton to Southall (4^ — 9i) ; sharp descent out of Acton and similar 
rise after, then past Ealing Common, 6, it is level for a mile or so, followed 
by a long gentle descent past Ealing Dean to Han well, 8 ; from here the 
road descends sharply down Hanwell Hill to JB. Brent, followed by a rise 
past the Asylum and a gradual slope up to Southall: still macadam and 
rough, but after Ealing Common it improves slightly. 

{Ealing, on /. ; Bell.) 

On r., Hanger Hill, Castle Bear Lodge and Hanwell Park. Near Hanwell, on 
I., Osterly Park. 

Southall to Uxbridge (5^ — 15) ; on the rise nearly all the way 
through Hnyes End, 12^, to Hillingdon, 13^, out of which is a sharp 
descent, then nearly level to Uxbridge ; macadam road, with pretty fair 
riding at the sides. 

{Hayes : Adam and Eve ; Angel. — Uxbridge : Chequers ; Eight Bells ; King's 
Arms.) 

The main street of Uxbridge is almost a mile long. Before Uxbridge, on r. 
Hillingdon Ho. 

Uxbridge to Beaconsfleld (8^ — 23|); the macadam ends with 
Uxbridge, out of which is a short dip, and then two bridges to go over 
{R. Coin and Grand Junction Canal); after that the road is level, but not 
very smooth, to the foot of Red Hill, 17|-, which, though rather rough and 
generally loose and heavy, can be mounted by an ordinary rider, as it is 
not steep ; thence undulating past Tatling End, 18, to Gerard's Cross, 20, 
beyond which are two or three sharp descents and ascents skirting 
Bulstrode Park (Duke of Somerset), and then it runs up a narrow well- 
wooded valley by a gradual rise with a few undulations to Beaconsfleld ; 
gravel surface, in dry weather sandy and heavy for the first 3m., then good 
except sometimes rather loose and heavy in places on the long slope past 
Bulstrode Park. 

{Beaconsfield : Old S wan, B. T. (7. ; Saracen's Head; White Hart. — Gerard' i 
Cross : Bull.) 

In Beaconsfleld ch. Edmund Burke is buned, and in the churchyard, the 



107 

Poet Waller. On r., before Beaconsfield, is Wilton Paric. In Bulstrode Park is 
an ancient entrenchment. S. of Beaconsfield is Hall Barn Park. 

Beaconsfield to High Wycombe (5J — 29) ; sharp descent from 
Beaconsfield, which is rather stony, followed by a gradual rise to Hotspur 
Heath, 24f , then a long hill down into Loudwater, 26^, whence an all but 
level road runs up the valley past Wycombe Marsh, 27^, to High Wycombe ; 
capital smooth surface. 

(High Wycombe : Coach and Horses ; Falcon ; Bed Lion, B.T.C. ; Swan Inn.) 
High Wycombe possesses a handsome town hall; the ch., All Saints', was 
built in the 13th century and has fine altar-piece and monuments. On Z. is 
Wycouibe Abbey. High Wycombe is noted for the manufacture of chairs. 

High Wycombe to Stokenchurch (7^ — 36^) ; out of Higli 

Wycombe there is nearly a mile of easy uphill, then nearly all down to 
West Wycombe, 31f ; from here a gently rising road runs for ^n. to the 
foot of Dashwood Hill, which leads on to the Chiltem Hills, and is a very 
steep but straight ascent of some 400 yards in length ; riding up is almost 
impossible and bicyclists coming the contrary direction should beware 
against riding down, as it is often very loose, besides being dangerous on 
account of its steepness; once on the top it is an easy undulating road 
across the Chilterns to Stokenchurch : good surface on the whole. 

{West Wycombe : White Horse. — Stokenchurch : Barley Mow; Red Lion.) 
N. of High Wycombe is Hughenden Lodge. At West Wycombe, on l^ 
Wycombe Park ; on r., overlooking the road, is an elegant mausoleum. 

Stokenchurch to Tetsworth (6 — 42^) is a capital going road ; 
after a gradual ascent to the Tr/. about a mile beyond Stokenchurch, the 
descent from the Chilterns begins, the road gradually winding down the 
hillside through a wood for nearly 2m., rideable either down (with caution) 
or up ; after this comes a splendid stretch of smooth and nearly level road, 
on which almost any pace can be maintained, till a mile beyond Postcombe. 
40|, when there is a long stiff hill to run down, followed by a short up and 
down into Tetsworth. 

{Tetsworth: Red Lion ; Swan.) 

At the foot of the Chilterns, 3ni. on I., is the splendid mansion of Shirburne 
Castle (Earl of Macclesfield) containing large armoury and many celebrated 
paintings ; on r., Aston Rowant : on I., Nethercote Park. 3m. N. of Postcombe 
is Thame Pai"k, the house of which is built on the site of an ancient abbey. 

Tetsworth to Wheatley, entrance of (61 — 181); past the ** Three 
Pigeons," 44f , is a good undulating road, with a long descent to Wheatley 
Bridge, 47^, on the B. Thame, and an easy rise to the entrance of Wheatley, 
which the main road does not go through, but passes to the right of. 

{Wheatley: Crown; King's Arms ; Railway.) 

At Wheatley Biidg3, Im. on I., Cuddesden Palace, residence of the Bishop of 
Oxford ; on r., Holton I'ark. 

Wheatley to Oxford (5J— 54) ; turning to r. entering Wheatley, 
and ^m. beyond to I. ; the road continues good and undulating to 
Headington Tg., 62^, whence it is all downhill, the surface being macadam 
and very bumpy, ending with a sharp descent at St. Clement's, 531, and after 
some rough paving, cross the Magdalen Bridge {B. Cherwell) into Oxford ; 
through the town is partly cobble paved and bad for bicycling. 

[From Wheatley Bridge by the Old Road through Wheatley and over 
Shotover Hill to Oxford, 7in.'] 



'^.^ 108 

(Oxford: Black Horse ; Clarendon; Jones' Eailway, B.T.C.; Mitre ; Randolph; 
Roebuck; Three Cups ; Ship.) 

Oxford is one of the most beantifnl and elegant cities of England, both on 
account of the picturesqueness of its situation and the number and architectural 
richness of its public edifices ; its University, England's chief seat of learning, 
has a world wide reputation. There are 25 colleges and halls, the oldest, 
University College, said to have been founded in 872. The cathedral and churches 
are very handsome ; also library, museums, observatory, &c. Some remains still 
exist of the old castle and walls. Splendid view of the town from Headington 
Hill. 

Oxford to Witney (11^ — 65^) ; keeping straight on through Oxford, 
pass under the G. W. Rj., close to the station and over several bridges 
(/?. Isis), then very good and smooth road, quite level, 1)7 Botley Hill, 55|^, 
to Ensham or Eynsham Bridge, called also Swinford Bridge, 69 (over 
11. Isis), which is a private bridge, and there is toll, 2tZ., to be paid; from 
Ensham, 59|- (turn to r.), there is an ascent followed by a long descent, but 
the road becomes level approaching Witney. 

{JiYitney : Marlborough. — Ensham : Swan.) 

3m. N. of Oxford, near the Isis, are the ruins of Godstow Nunnery. Witney 
is celebrated for its blankets ; it has a large and handsome cruciform ch. 2m. S. 
of Ensham, at Stanton Harcourt, a fine old ch. ; the manor house is an interesting 
building. On the r., 3m.. before Witney, is Ensham Hall ; near it are two ancient 
camps. 2jn. before Burford, the old Koman Akeman street crosses the road. 

Witney to Burford (7 — 72^) ; after crossing the E. Windrush, 
instead of following the main road right through Witney, turn sharp to 
r., by which some distance is saved ; then keeping straight on there are 
two or three hills, otherwise a good easy road ; at the bifurcation just before 
Burford II not wishing to go into the town take the left hand and more 
direct branch, following the telegraph wires and skirting the town on the 
south side ; by the other road it is downhill to Burford, turning to I. into the 
main street, which is on a slope, then turn again to N. and up a long hill, 
at the top of which join the former road. 

{Burford : Bull ; Lamb.) 

Burford is an old-fashioned town; large ch., chiefly Norman ; fine old manor 
house ; also that at Asthall, on r., 3m. before Burford. 

Burford to Northleach (9— 81^), through Little Barrington, 75|, 
is fairly good and level most of the way, except two hills to descend into 
the town. 

{Northleach : Union ; Wheatsheaf ; New Inn, nearly 2m. beyond Burford.) 
On r., at a little distance, Barrington Park and Sherborne Park ; on I., about 
halfway, is an old camp. 

Northleach to Andoverford (7| — S9) ; the road now crosses the 
Cotswold Hills, from which there are some fine views ; the first 2ni. are 
slightly downhill, then there is a long stiff ascent, followed by downhill for 
about the same length, by Frog Mill Inn, 88, into Andoverford : the surface 
is of oolite stone, and, although good in dry weather, it is rutty and 
dangerously greasy when wet. 

Just out of Northleach the old Roman Fosse Way is crossed ; 2m. on I. is 
Stowell Park. 

Andoverford to Cheltenham (5^—941) ; after a little level, there 
is a long hill to descend from Andoverford to Dowdeswell, 90, the» » 



109 

splendid run of 2m., and anofclier long descent to Charlton KingSi 93, and 
the rest level ; good road at first, but afterwards it gets loose and rough, 
and the last 2m. are very bad, and through the town it is very rough and 
lumpy ; chiefly mountain limestone. 

(Cheltenham: Belle Vue; Fleece, B.T.C.; Lamb, B.T.C. ; Plough. 

Cheltenham is one of the most fashionable and elegant of our inland waterinf? 
places : it has 14 springs, all saline; its climate is very salabrious. The chief 
parts are the High street, Promenade or Well Walk, Lansdowne, Pitville Spa, and 
Chi'istchurch. 

Cheltenham to Gloucester (9 — 103}) ; turning to r. from Lans- 
downe, take the left of the next two main roads ; when out of the town the 
road is smooth at first, but soon becomes rough again ; it is level till 
Hearing Gloucester, when there is a short uphill, after which turn to r, 
and entering the town is a slight incline. 

[This is the- best road to Gloucester, as every hill between Oxford and 
Gloucester can be ridden up.] 

Gloucester to Newnham (12|— lloi); turn tor. at the Post Office 
down a slight descent, then cross canal and E. Severn, and through Over, 
104^, Highnam Court, 105|- (turn to I. and again ^m. further on). Minster- 
worth, 1071^, and Westbury, 112}, is a rather narrow but good road, with 
a few easy hills ; steep ascent through Newnham ; though macadani, there 
is nothing a bicyclist need complain of. 

At Westbury, Im. on r., is Flaxley Abbey. 

Newnham to Lydney (7— 122|) ; through Blakeney, 119, is much 
the same quality of road, but it has very long ups and downs, some of 
which are too steep to ride up and must be descended carefully. 

On r. lies the Forest of Dean. 

Lydney to Chepstow (9}— 131f); through Ailberton (or Aylburton) 
124, Alvington, 125}, Woolaston, 127, Stroute, 128}, and Tiddenham, 129J, 
is rather better going but hilly ; into Chepstow there is a steep hill to 
descend. 

(Chepstow : Beaufort Arms ; White Hart.) 

At Ailberton. 3m. on r., remains of St. Briavel's Castle. Chepstow, on the 
JJ. Wye, is surrounded by grand and beautiful scenery. The ruins of the castle, 
built in the 11th century, are very extensive ; the ch. originally formed part cf 
the chapel of a Benedictine prioiy, erected shortly after the Conquest. The tide 
in the R. Wye here sometimes rises 50 and even 70 feet. Near Chepstow, tho 
fine mansion and park of Piercefield. 

Chepstow to Crick (4— 135|) ; long steep hill to walk up out of 
Chepstow followed by a steep descent to Poolmeyrick, 133}, then ' Jidulating 
by St. Pierre's Park Gate, 134^- : good wide road with a sound surface. 

Near Crick, on L, ruins of Caldecot Castle. 

Crick to St. David's (146— 281|)— pp. &i-94. 

LONDON TO OXFORD (by Maidenhead). 

London to Dorchester (49^) — p. 105. 

Dorchester to Oxford f8|— 68) ; keep to r. out of Dorchester, and 
through Nuneham Courtney (or Courtenay), 52f, Sandford, 54f, and 
Cowley, 65^, is an undulating road, but the hills are not difficult : good 



110 

surface to Cowley, and then it is macadam, very rough and shaky, for the 
last 2m., joining the Wycombe Road just before St. Magdalen's Bridge. 

On L, at Nuneham Courtney, is Nuneham Park, the magnificent seat of the 
Vernon Harcourts : the road after that runs near the R. Thames. 

LONDON TO GLOUCESTER (By Oxford and Birdlip). 

London to Frog Mill Inn (88)— p. 108. 

Frog Mill Inn to Birdlip (8j — 96^) ; turn sharp to Z. and the road 
goes aownhill to Kilkenny, 89.^, and should be ridden carefully as the last 
part is rather steep ; then hilly and rough road by Seven AVells, 92| 
(keep to r.), and Balloon Inn, 95 (keep to Z.) 

Beyond Seven Wells the Ji. Churn takes its rise, said by some to be the 
highest source of the Thames. Very fine views. 

Birdlip to Gloucester (7^—103^)— p. 105. 

LONDON TO ST. DAVID'S (by Brecon). 

London to Gloucester (103^) — p. 109, 

Gloucester to Huntley (7f — 111); turn to r. at the P.O. down a 
slight descent, then cross canal and B. Severn, and keep straight on 
through Over, 104|, Highnam Court, 105:^, Churcham, 107f, over Bu'dwood 
Common, and through Birdwood, 109f ; good flat road. 

Huntley to Ross (9| — 120^) ; good road through Mayhill, 112, 
Dorsley Cross, 112f, Longhope, 114^, Lea, 115f, Eyford, 117i-, and Weston, 
1185-; good scenery. [Better road than through Ne went.] 

[Ross : Lamb Inn ) 

Koss in surrounded by picturnsque scenery, especially down the Wye Valley. 
Here lived John Kyrlo, celebinxted as the " Man of lloss." On the S. are the 
ruins of Wilton Castle ; handsome ch. 

Ross to Monmouth (10^ — 130f) ; keep straight through Koss, cross 
R. Wye, and at Wilton Tg., 121, take left hand road; rough and rather 
billy road through Pencraig, 123|, Goodrich, 125, Whitchurch, 126 J, and 
Ganarew, 127f ; last 2m. downhill: Monmouth is paved. 

(Monmouth : An^el; Beaufort Arms ; King's Head ; White Swan.) 
Beautiful scenery. Kear Goodrich, the ruins of Goodrich Castle, besieered 
find dismantled by the Parliamentarians. Near Whitchnrch, on Symond's Yate 
Hill, is an ancient encampment, whence a fine view is obtained. At Monmouth 
are remains of the Norman castle in which Henry V. was born ; of a priory hous^e; 
and the old town walls near Welshgate, on Monnow Bridge. St. Mary's ch. onc« 
the priory ch., is of early English style, with a spire 200 feet high. On Kymin 
]lill is Nelson's Pavilion. At Troy Mo. (Duke of Beaufort) are preserved the 
cradle of Henry V., and the armour he wore at Agincourt. 

Monmouth to Abergavenny (16^ — 147^); through Monmouth 
turn to r., and shortly after to I. ; through Wonastow, ISS^^ (a little further 
keep to r.), Dingestow, 134J {2m. beyond keep to r.), Tregare (or Tregaer), 
137t, Bringwyn, 138|^, Croes-bychan, 139 (turn to r.), Llanvihangel, 142], 
and Llangattock, 143|^. Returning, Im. out of Abergavenny, keep to I. 
under the railway. [Or a little out of Monmouth keep to r. to Rookfield, 
133, where keep to I., and through Llanvapley to Abergavenny, 145f .] 

(Al^ergavenny : Angel i Great Western; Greyhound; Swan.) 



Ill 

Beyond Moninouth, on I., Troy Ho., Dingestow Ro., and Bringwyn ffo., ard 
on r., Llanarth Court. 2m. past Briugwyn, on r., Clytha Castle. At Abergavennf, 
ruins of the castle. St. Mary's ch. was originally the chapel of the ancient priory, 
2 or 3 m. N.W., Sugar Loaf and Holy Mountains. At Langwn ch. is a fine screen, 

Abergavenny to Crickhowell (6| — 153^) ; through Pentre, 148|, 
Llanwenartli, 149^, and Llangranach, 151^, up the Usk valley; bad rof.d. 
[Or in Abergavenny turn to L, and, crossing B. Usk, through Llanfoist and 
Govilon, about Im. longer.] 

Before Crickhowell, on r., Col-y-Gollen and Greenhill Cottage; beyond, 
Gwernvale, and l^m. on r.. More Park. At Crickhowell are slight remains of castle. 

Crickhowell to Brecon or Brecknock (13| — 1()7-}) ; throirh 
Llanvair, 154^, Tretower, 155|, Bvvlch, 159 (keep to I.), Llansaintffrg id^ 
161|, Skythrog, 162|, and Llanhamlog, 164; still up the Usk valley, with 
one very steep hill up to and down from Bwlch ; bad road. 

(Brecon: Castle; George; Wellington.) 

Beyond Crickhowell, on Z., Glan TJsk Park. At Tretower, ruins of the castle. 
At Bwlch, on I., Buckiand Ifo. At Brecon, ruins of the castle and priory; St. 
John's and St. Mary's Churches. At Llanhamlog, on r., Peterstone Court. 

Brecon to Trecastle (9J — 178); in Brecon turn to I. and up the 
Usk Valley, through Llanvaes, 168, (keep to r.) Llanspyddyd, 169^, 
Penpont, 172 J, and Rhyd-y-Brew, 175|-. 

On r., Penpont I£o. 

Trecastle to Llandovery (9| — 187^) ; now leave B. Usk and up a 
small branch valley, through Lly wel, 179, by Halfway So., 182f , and down- 
hill through Yelindre, 186i. 

(Llandovery : King's Head ; North Western.) 

Llandovery to Llandilo (12 — 199^); at Llandovery cross E. Brane 
and B. Towy, then turn to I. and through Llwynjack, 188^-, Croes-ceilog, 
191|-, and Rhoesmaen, 198^, down the Towy valley. [Or at Llwynjack 
turn to I. and through Dol-y-carreg, 190^, Llangadock, 193^, and Iw, further 
rejoining the other road; a little longer.] 

[Or from Trecastle on Z. up the Usk Yalley for 2 or Sm. and then across 
the hills, through Talsarn, 185:^, Pontarlleche, 189^, Im. further keeping to 
I. and by Penachamawr, 193^, and Maneravon, 195 J, to Llandilo, 198^.] ' 

{Llandilo : Castle ; Cawdor Arms ; Half Moon ; King's Head ; Salutation.) 

2m. beyond Croesceilog, on r., Abermarlais. l|77i. before Ehoesmaen, Im. 
on r., Taliaris. At Landilo (called also Llandilo-Vanr), Dy never Park and 
Castle ruins. Im. beyond Penachamawr., on /., Carreg Cennin, Castle ruins. 

Llandilo to Carmarthen (14f — 214) ; turn to r. and past Dynevor 
Park, by Ehuradar, 201|, Cross Inn, 204^, Cothy Bridge, 207f , White Mill, 
210i, and Abergwylly, 212. 

Beyond Ehuradar, on I., Aberglasney, and beyond it, Golden Grove. Beyond 
Cross Inn, on I., Dryslwyn Castle ruins. At Abergwylly, Bishop of St. David's 
Palace, and Merlin's Cave and Grave. 

Carmarthen to St. David's (46f— 260|)— pp. 93-94, 

LONDON TO ST. DAVID'S (by Cardigan). 

London to Llandovery (1871)— above. 

Llandovery to Lampeter (18— 205^) ; through Llandovery turn tj 



1112 

f ., and by Pumsant, 197i, and liampeter Mountain, 20li ; two big Mils to 
cross. 

{Lampeter : Black Lion.) 

2m.. beyond Llandovery, on Z., Henllys. A.t Pumsant, on r., Dolancotlii 
and Brunant, At Lampeter, the B. Teifi is noted for its salmon. Ancient ch, and 
College. 

Lampeter to Newcastle -in-Emlyn (20 — 225j); entering Lampeter 
turn to I. and through Llanwinnen, Llanwenog, by Allt Yr Odyn Arms, 
213|, Ehydowen, 215^, and through Llandyfriog, 223| ; hilly road. 

At Lampeter on r. to Tregarron (11 — 216|). 

{Newcastle .in-E7nlyn : Emlyn Arms.) 

Newcastle is situate amid beautiful scenery on R, Teifi. There are ruins 
of a castle. 

Newcastle-in-Emlyn to Cardigan (10 — 235i); at Newcastle turn 
to I. and cross B. Teifi and then turn to r. ; through Xenarth, 228^ (where 
recrossE.Teifi),by StradmoreHo.,229f,Llechrhyd,232|,andLlangoedmore, 
234 ; the road keeps close to the river as far as Llechrhyd, and is almost 
level ; delightful ride through fine scenery. [Or at Newcastle keep straight 
on instead of crossing the river, 0,nd long ascent and de&cent to Pont 
Hirwen, 229:^, again ascent out of it and more or less down to Llangoedmore.] 

(Cardigan: Black Liou.) 

At Llechrhyd, on I., across B. Teifi, Castle Mal-gwynj 2m. farther (8m. from 
Newcastle-in-Emlyn) is the pretty village o* Kilgerran, with the luins of its 
castle. Cardigan is a small seaport near the mouth of B. Teifi. Ancient ch. and 
ruins of castle dismantled by the Parliamentarians. 

Cardigan to Newport (10| — 245|) ; in Cardigan turn to L, cross 
E. Teifi and turn to r., through St. Dogmael's, 236^, and Velindre or 
College, 242|. 

{Newport: Queen's, E.T.C.) 

At St. Dogmael's, remains of abbey. 

Newport to Fishguard (7— 252f ). 
{Fishguard : Commercial j Great Western.) 

Fishguard to St. David's (14| — 2674) ; about 2m. out of Fishguard 
keep to r. and through Mathry, 2o8|-, Penlan, 260i, and Hendre, 265 1-. 

LONDON TO CARDIGAN (by Carmarthen). 

London to Carmarthen (214) — p. 111. 

Carmarthen to Conwyl-Elfed (7 — 221) ; in Carmarthen turn to 
r. (if coming from Llanelly way it is the 2nd turn after crossing B. Towy), 
and it is a good macadam road by Llan-newydd orNewchurch, 217^; there 
is a slight but barely perceptible rise all the way to Conwyl-Elfed, other- 
wise Conwil-in-Elvet. 

Conwyl-Elfed to Llangeler (7f — 228f); keeping to r. at ther 
bifurcation, the road now runs up the valley and js good and nearly level 
to Cwmdeant or Dolau-Saison, 223f, then uphill, rather too steep to be 
ridden, to Blaen-Bargoed, 225:j-, on the top of a bleak mountain ; the descent 
of the other side begins immediately after j and continues more or less gradual 
by Bwlch-clawdd, 226^, and Croes-fford, 227^ (keep to L), ending with a» 
Bteep pitch of 100 yards, where the road is cut through the solid rock. 



113 

l,langel6r id Newcastle-in-Emlyn (51—2^4^) ; by SGallan, 2301, 
Pentre-cagyl, 232, and Abcr-arad, 233f , the road follows the left bank of 
the B. Teifi, and is slightly on the fall all the "way, "with one steeper hill 
about ^m. long, though it can be ridden do-v^Ti with safety. 

[Or from Conwyl-Elfed by the left hand road, and keeping to r. aboufc 
3^w. farther on, to Pentre-cagyl, a little shorter. 

Or keep to I. at Conwyl, and again to I. o^m. further, by Pont-y-bwlch 
(keep to r.) to Aber-arad.] 

Newcastle -in-Emlyn to Cardigan (10— 244^) — p. 112 ; join the 
Cardigan road just before ISTewcastle, and keep straight on instead of going 
through the town. [Or at Pont-y-bwlch keep to I. straight to Kenarth, 
235|^, and Cardigan, 242^. Or from Carmarthen by Llanelnwth c7i., 217A, 
The County Stone, 226|, Kilrah Kilrhedyn, 228, Yelindre Mill, 230^, and 
Bridell, 237, to Cardigan, 240.] 

LONDON TO NEWPORT (by Monmouth.) 

London to Monmouth (130f)— p. 110. 

Monmouth to Raglan (8 — 138f ) ; through Monmouth turn to r. 
and shortly after to I. ; through Wonastow, 133^ (a little further keep to I.) 
is a good macadam road, rather hilly. [Or out of Monmouth turn to I. and 
shortly after to r. and through Mitcheltroy, joining the other road a little 
further, past Wonastow.] 

At Raglan, ruins of the once magnificent castle, dismantled in the Civil Wud 

Raglan to Usk (5| — 144) ; take second turn to I. \m. past the Beaufort 
Arms ; there is the long ascent of Lancayo Hill to mount, followed by a 
run down for the last 2m. ; not so good road as the preceding. 

(Usk: Three Salmons.) 

IJsk was the birthplace of Richard III. and Edward lY. j ruins of ancient 
castle. R. Usk is famous for its salmon. 

Usk to Caerleon (7 — 151) ; after crossing the B. Usk, turn to Z., and 
it is a capital undulating road, but more down than up, through Llanbadock, 
144^, Llangibby, 146|, and Llanhennock, 149i. 

Near Llangibby are the ruins of Llangibbj Castle. Caerleon was a Romnn 
city, and there are many remains of it still to be seen. In the vicinity are large 
tin mines and works. 

Caerleon to Newport (4- — 155) ; cross B. Usk and it is a hilly but 
good road through Christchurch, 152|, when you join the New Passage and 
Chepstow road. 

LONDON TO MONMOUTH (by Coleford). 

London to N"ewnham (115|) — p. 109. 

_ Newnham to Littledean (2 — 1171); turn sharp to r. in !N"ewnham; 
it is a fair but uphill road. [A shorter way is by turning off to r. Im. 
beyond Westbury, 112| — p. 109, saving nearly 2m.'] 
Just before Littledean is an ancient camp. 

Littledean to Coleford (61^124^) through the Forest of Deac, by 

z 



114 

Ciiiderford, 119, Speech House, 120j, and Winnett's Hill, 122f , is not a 
very good road, and rather hilly. 
(Coleford: Angel.) 

Coleford to Monmouth (5 — 129^); a considerable ri^e out of 
Coleford, and another before Stanton, 126^, then a very steep and dangerous 
descent through splendid scenery. [Tliere is another road, turning to I. 
|?r?.. out of Coleford and through High Meadow, 125}, to Upper Redbrook, 
127, on the B. Wye, thence up the river side ; same distance.] 

LONDON TO MONMOUTH (by Mitcheldean.) 

London to Huntley (111) — p. 110. 

Huntley to Mitcheldean (4| — 115f) by the left hand road and 
past Longhope station, 113J ; hilly, bitt good road. Good scenery. 

Mitcheldean to Coleford (8 — 123|) ; turn sharp to I. in Mitcheldean, 
and up a steep hill ; the road goes through the Forest of Dean by Drybrook, 
117 (keep to I. and shortly after to r.). Camomile Green, 120, and Mile End, 
122f ; very hilly road. 

Coleford to Monmouth (5 — 128f)— above. 

LONDON TO ABERYSTWITH. 

London to Boss (120^)— p. 110. 

Ross to Hereford (15 — 136|) ; keep straight through Boss, cross B 
Wye, and at Wilton Tg., 121, take the middle road; through Peterstow, 
123^, by Harewood End Inn, 126i, Llandinabo, 127^, and Much Birch, 128f , 
to Cross-in-Hand Tg., 130^, is a good road, with some rather long hills, but 
none which cannot be ridden up ; then a long and heavy hill to descend 
down Callow Pitch, and rough road through Callow, 131:| ; the streets of 
Hereford are macadamised. Returning, keep to I. near top of Callow Pitch. 
[Or ^m. past Wilton Tg., on r., through Pig's Cross, 123^, Hoarwithy, 125^, 
Little Dewchurch, 127^, and Aconbury, 129, it is not near so hilly, joining 
the other road just before Hereford, 1335-] Fine scenery. 

(Hereford : Green Di'agoa ; Mitre, Mqrs. ; Nelson Inn.) 

At Hereford there are slisjht remains of the old walls and the castle ; it was a 
diocese in British-Eoman times. The cathedral was erected in the 11th century ; 
it has been recently restored, and contains many old monuments. A triennial 
musical festival is held here in conjunction with the choirs of Gloucester and 
Worcester. The town was beseiged twice in the Parliamentary War. David 
Garrick was born here. Beyond Peterstow, on r., Pengethly ; on r,, Harewood 
Park. On Aconbury Hill, top of Callow Pitch, on r., an ancient camp; also 
Dindor or Dynedor Hill, on which are remains of an ancient camp, 2m. on r. 
before Hereford. 

Hereford to Norton Canon (9^ — 144|); in Hereford turn to L, and 
by "White Cross, 136^, King's Acre, 137| (keep to r.), Stretton, 138^, Creden 
Hill, 140, Mansell Lacy, 142, and Yazor, 143^; good road. 

Note tbe elegant White Cross. At Stretton, cross line of Roman way. At 
Creden Hill, 2)^. on L. the site of Roman station, Kenchester, where many remains 
arb to be seen. On r., an entrenched camp on Creden Hill. 



115 

Norton Canon to Kington (10 — lo4|) ; by left hand road through 
Eccles Green, 146, Sarnesfield, 147^^, "Woonton, 149, Holmes Marsh, 151, 
Lyonshall, 152:^, and Penrhos, 153;^ ; good road. 

[Or at "Wliite Cross, on r. through Cross Elms, 137^, keep to Z., 
Tillinffton, 140^, Burghill, 139i, Brinsop Court, 141^, Wormesley, 143|, 
over Wormesley Hill, through Weohley, 146f , to Sarnesfield, 148|. 

Or at Norton, on r. to Weohley, 147|, and thence direct to Lyonshall, 
153^] 

(Kinctnn : Oxford Arma.) 

Im. before Weohley, between the two roads, Garnstone Castle. Past 
Lyonshall, on r., Castle Woore or Weir; on I., Moor Court. 

Kington to New Radnor (71 — 162) is a splendid road, rather 
undulating, passing close to Old Eadnor on I. about halfway. 

(Neiv Radnor : Eagle.) 

2m. before New Radnor, on 7,, Harpton Court; Im. further, on r., Downton 
Hall. 

New Radnor to Rhayader (19 — 181) ; turn to I. and there is a 
long pull uphill through and for 077^. beyond Llanfihangel-Xant-Melan, 165 
(just beyond keep to r,), then a similar run down through Llandegley, 169, 
to Pen-y-bont, 171, and undulating but chiefly on the rise to Nantmel, 175, 
and then downhill. Returning, keep to r. at Pen-y-bont ; very good road. 

{Rhayader : Lion ; Lion and Castle.) 

Pretty scenery. Before Llanfihangel, Im. on r., the cascade of Water-break- 
its-ueck. On r., Pen-y-bont Court ; on Z., Pen-y-bont Hall. 

Rhayader to Devil's Bridge (18|— 199^) ; leaving Ehayader cross 
B. Wy^, and the road then goes over the mountains : chiefly uphill for 
about 4^n., with descent into the Aion Elan valley, which follow up for 
4 or 5m. farther, then down the Ystwith valley by Cwm Ystwith, 192|, to 
Pentrebrunant ("Fountain" Inn), 195|^; here bear to r. out of the Ystwith 
valley, a stiff ascent followed by long downhill to Devil's Bridge in the 
Rheidol valley ; the surface is very rough and scarcely rideable, and much 
walking will be necessary ; very wild and rugged scenery. [Or in 
Rhayader turn to r. and run up the valley of the B. Wye, by Severn Arms 
and Llangurig for about 17m. to Steddfor-gurig Inn, at the foot of Mount 
Plynlimmon, and downhill, more or less, for 7 or 8m., by Yspytty Cynfyn 
to Devil's Bridge, in some parts too steep to ride.] 

At Devil's Bridge, the Falls of Mynacli and Devil's Punchbowl; 2w. up the 
Ptheidol Valley, Parson's Bridge. 8m. S. are the ruins of Strata Florida Abbey, 
past Hafod mansion and park. 

Devil's Bridge to Aberystwith (11| — 210f ) ; the road is rather on 
the rise for 2^-m., then commencing at the 9th ms. from Aberystwith (971ft. 
high) it is a gradual downhill with scarcely a break, winding along the hill 
sides on the left bank of the Rheidol valley, by Eskynald, 202J, and 
through Piccadilly, 208f (where on return journey keep to I.) ; good road. 

{Aberystwith : Bellevue; Queen.) 

2m. before Piccadilly, on I., Nanteos Park. At Aberystwith, ruins of the 
castle, founded 1277, and dismantled by Cromwell ; there are library, theatre, 
assembly rooms, baths, &c. Many pretty walks in the neighbourhood : Plas-crug, 
Pen-dinas, Pen-glais, Vale of Clarach, Gogerddan Park, Tan-y-castell, Crosswooa 
Park or Trawscoed, &c. Excellent sea-bathing. There are many lead mines ki 
the neighbourhood. 

z2 



116 
LONDON TO HEREFORD (by Ledbury). 

London to Gloucester (103^)— p. 109, 

Gloucester to Newent (8| — lllf); ti.rn to r. at the P.O. down a 
slight descent, then cross canal and JR. Severn, and along an avenue of 
trees, through Over, 104f, to Highnam Court, 105|- (where turn to r.), and 
through Highnam, 107, and Highleadon Green, 109|, the road is rather 
hilly and very dusty and rutty on account of coach traffic ; oolite surface, 
slippery in wet weather and requiring careful riding. 

At Newent are remains of an ancient priory. 

Newent to Ledbury (8 — 119f ) ; long hill to mount out of Newent to 
Hill End, llSf, followed by a corresponding descent to Dymock, 115f , and 
then nearly level to Ledbury, the streets of which are paved. Eeturning, 
a mile out of Ledbury keep to I. 

(Ledbury : Feathers ; New Commercial j Eoyal Oak.) 

Ledbury is a small old-fashioned town ; the ch. was originally Saxon, but 
from numerous alterations is now mostly Norman, with detached tower and fine 
altar-piece. On r., near Ledbury, is Eastnor Castle, the elegant residence of 
Earl Somers. 

Ledbury to Hereford (15f— 135^) ; hn. out of Ledbury turn to l, and 

through Ledbury Mills, 120f, Trumpet, 123f, Pool End, 124|, Tarrington, 

•127, Stoke Edith, 128, Dormington, 129^ (keep tor.), Bartestree, 131, 

'Lugwardine, 132 J, and Tupsley, 134; undulating all the way, nowhere 

dangerous or difficult, except a ^n. hill to walk down at Lugwardine; 

generally a bad road. 

Beyond Ledbury, on I., Wall Hill Camp. At Trumpet, on r., Mainstone 
Court. On I., pass Stoke Edith Park, Sufton Court and Hom-Lacey, where Pope 
wrote his "Man of Ross." At Lugwardine, on r., New Court. At Bartestree, on 
I., Hagley Park and Longworth Court. 

LONDON TO BRECON (by Hereford). 

London to Hereford (135^) — p. 114. 

Hereford to Hanmer's Cross (10^— 145f) ; in Hereford turn to I., 
and by White Cross, 136J (keep to I.), King's Acre (Green Man), 137| (keep 
to I.), Sugwas Pool, 139|, New Ware, 140J, Bridge SoUers, 141^, and 
Portway, 144. 

At Sugwas Pool, on r., the site of the Koman Station of Kenchester, where 
many remains are to be seen. At Sugwas Pool, on I., Sugwas Court. At 
Hanmer's Cross, on I., Moccas Park. 

Hanmer's Cross to Hay (9— 154f) ; keep to Z. over Tin Hill and 
cross B. Wye to Bredwardine, 147|, and through Clockmill, 150f, and 
Hardwick Green, 152f . [Or by the right hand road through Letton, 147, 
Willersley, 149 (keep to L), Winforton, 150, "Whitney, 152 (just beyond 
cross B. Wye), and Clifford, 154J, to Hay, 156|.] 

(Hay : Blue Boar.) 

On I., Letton Court. Beyond Clockmill, on r., ruins of Clifford Castle. On 
I., Hardwick Court and The Moor; on r., Whitney Court. At Hay, the castle. 

Hay to Brecon (15^—170) ; just out of Hay keep to r. and through 
Glasbury (" Cock" Inn), 158^, Bronllys, 162 1, and Yellinvach, 165f. [Or 



117 

beyond Hay keep to I. and through Talgarth, 162f, whore turn to r., to 
Bronllys, 163f.] 

At Glasbury, on r., across R. Wye, Maeslough and Tregoyd. At Broullys, on r,, 
Pontywall j on L, Tregunter Eo. 

LONDON TO KNIGHTON. 

London to Hereford (135^)— p. 114. 

Hereford to Stretford Bridge (11 — 1461) '■> ^ Hereford turn to l^ 
and by White Cross, 136i (keep to r.), Cross Elms, 137| (keep to r.), 
Portway, 139f , and Bush Bank, 143f . 

Note the elegant White Cross, l^m. past Portway, on I.. Burghill Lodge. 

Stretford Bridge to Presteign (12 — 158^) ; by left hand road, 
through Ridge Cross, 148f, Pembridge, 150| (turn to r.), Byton Lane, 154, 
and Cwm or Combe, 156. 

(Presteign : Castle.) 

At Cwm, on I., an ancient camp. 

Presteign to Knighton (7 — 1605) ; out of Presteign keep to v., and 
through Korton, 161 i, and over Llanwen Hill. Returning, out of Knighton 
keep to r., and Im. further to I., before crossing Llanwen Hill. 

Beyond Presteign, on r., Boultibrook. About 3m. N. of Knighton, on Stow 
Hill, is an ancient entrenchment, called Caer Caradoc, by some supposed to be 
the scene of the last battle fought by Caractacus against the Romans. 

LONDON TO LEDBURY (by Stanton), 

London to Gloucester (lOSi)— p. 109. 

Gloucester to Stanton (9 — 112i) ; a mile out of Gloucester, after 
the railway and before crossing the B. Severn, turn to r. from the 
Highnam Court road, then cross the B. Severn Im. further on, and through 
Maisemore, 105f {im. further keep to I.), is a rather hilly but good road; 
Bristol stone. 

Stanton to Ledbury (7| — 120) is more hilly; steep ascsnt into 
Eedmarley, lloj, and then hilly through Little London, 117; Malvern 
stone ; good scenery. 

LONDON TO TEWKESBUEY. 

London to Cheltenham (94|) — p. 108. 

Cheltenham to Tewkesbury (9 — lOS?) ; keep straight on through 
Cheltenham, and then level by Bedlam, 96, and Uckington, 97, to Piff's 
Elm, 98f, when there is a short ascent to mount at Comb Hill to Swan 
Inn, 99|^, where join the Gloucester road and keep to r., and after this it 
is undulating, but no steep hills ; good road all the way ; Bristol stone. 

(TewJceshury : Anchor; Hop Pole ; Swan.) 

Tewkesbury, at the junction of the Severn and Avon, is pleasantly situated ; 
the parish ch. was formerly part of an abbey founded by the Saxons, and 
contains many fine monuments. In the neighbourhood was fought a blogdy 
battle in X461, when I)dwq,rd lY. totally defeated the Lancastrians. 



118 



SECTION V. 

From Marble Arch and General Post Office ; North 
Western Roads (North West Middlesex, West Herts, 
Buckinghamshire, Oxfordshire, Worcestershire, 
Shropshire, South Northamptonshire, Warwickshire, 
Staffordshire, South Cheshire, and North Wales), 



LONDON TO BARMOUTH. 

London to Oxford (54)— p. 107. 

Oxford to Woodstock (8 — 62) ; at the further end of Oxford, 
instead of crossing the R. Isis turn to r., and the road is level past the 
Observatory, through Summerstown, 65^, and by Wolvercot, 56^, and 
Yarnton Tp., 58, to Begbrook, 59^, from which there is a long rise and 
gentle fall into Woodstock ; bad macadam road, rough and bumpy all the 
way, and in wet weather greasy. 

(Woodstock: Bear; King's Axms, B.T.C.) 

On I., near Wolvercot, the ruins of Godstow Nunnery. On I. at Begbrook, on 
Worton Heath Hill, an old camp called Round Castle. Woodstock was a residence 
of Beveral English sovereigns, from Alfred downwards : here Henry II. wooed 
the fair Rosamond. The palace stood in Blenheim Park, which was presented by 
the nation to the Duke of Marlborough, and the modern stately pile since erected 
was designed by Sir John Vanbrugh. 

Woodstock to Enstone (7— 69) ; the road continues bad past Slape 
Bridge, 64^, to Over Kiddington, 66^, after which it is slightly better, but 
becomes greasy and heavy with the least wet ; stiii pull out of Woodstock, 
the rest undulating with rough and stony descent irto Enstone. 

l^m. beyond Woodstock, the line of the old Roman road, Akenian Street, 
crosses the road. A little further, on I., are extensive remains of ancient 
earthworks, under the name of Grime's Dyke, and Callow Hill. Close to, is 
Ditchley Park, Earl of Normanton. On r., Glympton Park and Kiddington House ; 
in the grounds of the latter is a baptismal font, said to be that in which Edward 
the Confessor was baptized. 

Enstone to Chipping Norton (4| — 73|) ; first a short stiff rise, 
followed by a gentle incline for nearly a mile up JBroadstone Hill, and then 
level; rough road to the toll-bar, 72^, where turn to I,, and the rest is 
good smooth road to Chipping Norton. 

On r., Heythrop Park, the elegant mansion of the Duke of Beaufort. At 
Chipping Norton, fine ancient ch., with many old monuments ; slight remains of 
a castle erected in the reign of Stephen. 

Chipping Norton to Moreton-in-the-Marsh (8| — 81f) ; the 
road gradually improves through Salford, 75^, Salford Hill (or Cross 
Hands), 7Q^, and over Chastleton Heath to Four Shire Stone, 80, where 
take left hand road. 

At Salford, on the hill on I., is Cornwell Ho, On Chastleton Heath is an 



119 

ancient camp. At Four Shire Stone tke comities of Oxford, Gloucester, Warwick, 
and Worcester meet. Here Edmund Ironside defeated the Danes in a severe battle. 

Moreton-in-the-Marsh to Broadway (8| — 90); good road to 
Bourton-on-the-HiJl, 83^, but again becomes worse and is all rather hilly 
to Broadway Quarry on the top of Broadway Hill, which is a very long and 
winding descent, and should not be ridden down except with a good brake, 
into Broadway. 

(Broadway : Lygon Arms.) 

At BoTirton, on I., Seiziucote Park; on r., Batsford (Lord Redesdale). Fine 
views of the Avon and Severn Valleys are obtained from Broadway Hill. Before 
Broadway is Northwick Park. On r., at Broadway Hill, Farmcombe Abbey ; on I., 
Spring Hill. 

Broadway to Bengeworth (5| — 95|) by Wickhamford Bridge, 93i, 
is a fairly level and good road. 

At Bengeworth, ^n. on r., across B. Avon, is Evesham, 95|, into which 
IS a stiff descent. 

(Evesham: Cross Keys; Crown; Northwick Arms; Rose and Crown; Star; 
Railway.) 

Evesham is pleasantly situated on the R. Avon, in the midst of a beautiful 
and fertile tract of country, called the Vale of Evesham ; a magnificent abbe.v 
formerly existed here, but only a few remains are now to be seen, the fine bell 
tower of St. Laurence's ch., erected 1533, having belonged to it, but was spared at 
the dissolution. Near the town Prince Edrvard in 1265 defeated Simon Montfort, 
who was slain with his son. 

Bengeworth. to Pershore (6^ — 102); turn to I. in Bengeworth; the 
road follows down the valley of the Avon through Great Hampton, 96^^, 
and is chiefly on the fall to the Avon Bridge at Wicic, 101, where turn to r. ; 
good surface. Pershore is paved. 

(Pershore: Angel; Three Tuns.) 

At Pershore, fine old abbey ch. There are ruing of a large Benedictine 
Abbey. Pretty scenery. Good bathing to be had in the B. Avon. 

Pershore to Worcester (9 — 111) ; long steep hill out of Pershore, 
and three more steep hills to climb at short intervals to Stoulton, 1061-, and 
the rest undulating and pretty good road through Whittington, 108|: 
descent at Redhill. 

[From Bengeworth there is another road through Evesham, down the 
right bank of the B. Avon, turning to Z. at Red House, 96^, and by 
Chedbury Farm, Fladbury Station, and Moore to Wyre Piddle, 102, a mile' 
beyond which on I. to Perslwre, 103|, or straight on by Stonebow Bridge, 
104f, Egdon Hall, Spetchley Station, 107^, and Swineshead, 109^, to 
Worcester, 111^.] 

(Worcester: Bell, IJqrs.x Crown; Hop Market; Pinkett's ; Punchbowl; 
Railway, B.T.C.; Star; Talbot Commercial ; Unicom; Watton.) 

At Worcester are remains of the castle and walls, erected by the Normans ; 
fine early English cathedral (1218-1386) originally a priory ch., containing manv 
monuments, and recently restored. There are numerous public buildings. The 
chief manufactures are porcelain and stone-china and leather gloves. Here. 
Charles II. was defeated bj Cromwell in 1651. 

"Worcester to Hundred House Inn (11 — 122); in Worcester 
turn to I., cross B. Severn and turn to r., then running near B. Severn and 
through Hallow, 113f, to Holt Heath, 117^ (where turn to I.), and through 
Witley, 119^, and past Wit ley Park. 



120 

2m. out of Worcester, on I., Henwick -Hb. At Hallow, on r.. Hallow Park ; a 
little farther on L, Thorngrove Lodge. On r.. Holt Castle; on I., Witley Court. 

Hundred House Inn to Tenbury (10| — ^132f ) ; keep to r. and 
Im. farther to I., and through Stockton, 124|, Eardisfcone, 126, Lindridge, 
127i, and Newnham, 129|; for last 6 or 7ni. the road runs near to B. Teme. 

[Or from Worcester- turn to I. about l^m. after crossmg R. Severn, and 
tlirough Peachley, 114|, Hartley, 118^, over Ham Bridge, 119| {B. Teme), 
through Olifton-upon-Teme, 121i, by High House, 123^, Broad Heath, 125|-, 
Bound Oak, 126|, and Wood Park, 128|, to Tenbury, 130|.] 

(Tenh ury : S wan . ) 

At Handred House Inn, on I., Woodbury Hill, an ancient encampment ; on r., 
Abberley Lodge. At Stockton, on I., across R. Teme, and at High So., on r., 
Stanford Court. At Ham Bridge, on r.. Ham Castle. At Broad Heath, on r., 
Hanley Court. On r., Eardistone IIo. Tenbury lies on S. side of R. Teme. 

Tenbury to Brimfleld Cross (4— 136|) ; through Burford, 133|, 
and Little Hereford, 135| (just beyond cross B. Teme.) 

At Little Hereford, on r., Easton Court- On I., Brimfield Court. On L, 
Burford House. 

Brimfleld Cross to Ludlow (5 — 141f) ; turn to r. and it is pretty 
level and fair going, except a steep ascent into Ludlow from B. Teme, 
through a narrow archway, dangerous to ride down. [Or at Little 
Hereford turn to r. to Ludlow, 140f.] Eeturning, out of Ludlow, after 
crossing B. Teme, keep to I. at the Tg. 

(Ludloio : Angel; Feathers.) 

About half-way, on I., Ashford Hall and Moor Park. Before Ludlow, on ?., 
Ludford Ho. and Ludford Park. At Ludlow, ruins of castle ; fine ch., containing 
many ancient monuments. 

Ludlow to Newton Green. Guide Post (8 — 149f); about l|m. 
from Ludlow keep to I. and through Bromfield, 144|- (keep to r.), and 
Onibury, 146f, and Stoke Say, 149, on the rise most of the way, being up 
the Teme valley ; rather rough road. 

At Bromfield, on /., Oakley Park ; and 4m. beyond it, Downton Castle. On I., 
Stoke Castle; on r., Norton Camp. The Guide Post enumerates the distances 
of 48 cities and towns. 

Newton Green to Bishop's Castle, M.H. (9 — 158|); keep straight 
on to New Inn, 150|-, where turn to I., and by Basford Tg., Ibdj, Edgeton 
Farms, 153f , and Bed House Farm, 155^ (keep to r.) ; very hilly road, 
especially a very steep hill to go over between Bed House Farm and 
Bishop's Castle. [Or at Bed House Farm keep to I., and tlu-ough Lydbury 
and Brocton, avoiding the hill, hn. longer. Or at Newton Green turn to 
I., and by the new road through Aston, 152f, Brampton, 153f, keep to r. 
for Kempton, 154f, Lydbury or Walcot Pai'k, 155f, Brocktor, 157?, and 
Bishop's Castle, 159f .] 

(Bishop's Castle : Castle.) 

Aboui l^m. past Newton Green, between the two roads, Sibdon Castle. At 
Red House, on r., Plowden Hall ; on I., Im., Walcot Park, W. of which, on Tongley 
Hill, are some remains of extensive British earthworks, called Bury Ditches. 

Bishop's Castle to Montgomery (9 — 167f); by Bishop's Moat, 
160f-, and Red Court House, 163^. [Or beyond Bishop's Castle keep to r., 
and through Snead and Church Sfcoke to Bed Court House, 164|.] 

(Montgomery : Dragou.) 



121 

Beyond Bishop's Castle, on r., Oakley Ho. Afc Sneacl, on r., Boveriea Jlo.y 
and beyond it, Castle Ring, an ancient entrenched hill. At Red Court Ho., on Z., 
Millington Hall; Iw. farther, on r,, Brompton HalL Before Montgomery, on r., 
Lymore Lodge and Park. At Montgomery, ruins of the castle, and near to it, on 
a hill, a large fortified camp. 

Montgomery to Welshpool (8^ — 176) ; through Forden, 171^, and 
(keeping to I.) cross JR. Severn 2m. further. [Or at Church Stoke turn to 
r., and through Cherbury, joining the other road a little beyond Forden ; 
about \\m. shorter.] 

{WelsJipool : Mitre; Royal Oak ; Star.) 

At Forden, on r., Nantfribba Hall ; Im. farther, on I., Edderton Hall. Afc 
Severn Bridge, on r., Leighton Hall. Before Welshpool, on ?., Powis Castle and Park. 

"Welshpool to Llanfair (7| — 183|) ; in Welshpool turn to I. ; 4^Ji. 
farther, at the bifurcation, keep to Z , the road on r. being 2fwi. longer. 

[Or from Montgomery, leaving by the Old Castle, turn to r. 2m. beyond 
the town, and through Garthmyl, 169|, to Effelfach ^m. farther, turn to 
I. to Berriew; leaving this by the I. to Castle Caereinion, 175|, and Im. 
farther join the other road to Llanfair, 179f .] 

(Llanfair : Fox's.) 

Beyond Welshpool, on r., Llanerchydol. At tho fork roads, l^n. on r., 
Gyfronydd ; on I., Dolerddyn Hall. At Llanfair, interesting old ch. Before 
Berriew, on r., Glan Severn. 

Llanfair to Cann Office Inn (7— 190|); through Llanerfyl, 188^. 

Afc Llanerfyl, on r., Llyssin. Near Cann Office Inn, on Z., a large tumulus. 

Cann Office Inn to Dinas Mawddwy (13— 203|); a little 
farther than the Inn keep to Z., and for about 6m. the road gradually rises 
up a valley, followed by similar downhill to Mallwyd, 202 1, where turn tor. 

{Mallwyd : Pencarth Arms.) 

Dinas Mawddwy to Dolgelly (9 — 212|) ; turn to Z. and it is nearly 
half uphill and half down, passing through a wild and mountain district. 
{Dolgelly: Golden Lion ; Royal Ship; Ship.) 
S. of Dolgelly is Cader Idris Mountain. 

Dolgelly to Barmouth (9| — 222); in Dolgelly turn to r., cross 
river, and then to I., and again to I. at Llanelltid, 214, whence the road 
runs close to B. Mawddach, through Gland wr, 220 ; pretty fair road. 

(Barmouth: ArthogHall; Barmouth, Jj. T. C; Cousygedol Arms ; Kynoch's; 
Lion.) 

Beyond Dolgelly, on r., Hengwrfc Hall, Cymmer Abbey and Nannau Hall. 
Barmouth is a small town and watering place at the mouth of the B. Mawddach. 
Tlicre is a castle built by Edward I. 

LONDON TO KNIGHTON (by Worcester). 

London to Worcester (111) — p. 119. 

"Worcester to Bromyard (14 — 125) ; in "Worcester turn to I., cross 
Jl. Severn, and through Cotheridge, 115, Broadwas, 117, Dodenham Lane, 
118, and over Knightsford Bridge, 119f . 

(Bromyard : Falcon ; Hop Pole.) 

2m. out of Worcester, on /., Crownest; on I., Cotheridge Court. At 
Knightsford Bridge, on r., Whitbourne Court; on /.,Gaine3. 2m. farther, on r., 
Brockhampton Park ; on I., Clater Park. 



122 

Bromyard, to Leominster (12 — 137) ; steep ascent to Bredenbury, 
128i and by N'ew Inn, 129i, Blatchley Green, 130, Docklow, 131f, Steen's 
Bridge, 133, Trumpet, 134, and Eaton Bridge, 136. 

On r., Bredenbury Ho. At Docklow. on L, Buckland. 

Leominster to Mortimer's Cross {<d\ — 143^) ; 1 m. out of Leominster 
keep to r,, and again at Cholstry, 139 1, and by Cobden's Ash, 140^, and 
through Kingsland, 141^. 

At Leominster, on L, Eyelands. At Mortimer's Cross was fought the last 
battle in which Edward IV. defeated the Lancastrians. l>n. N., Yatton Court. 
On E., in Croft Park, remains of Croft Castle and a British entrenchment. 47/t. 
N., are Wigmore Hall, and ruins of the castle, a very ancient building. 2m. 
beyond it, Aldferton Abbe 7 ruins and Brandon Camp. 

Mortimer's CrosM to Presteign (8 — 151^) ; turn to Z., and through 
Shobden, 145, By ton Lane or Cross, 147, and Cwm or Combe, 149. 
On r., Shobden Court. 

Presteign to Knighton (7— 158^)— p. 117. 

[Or at Mortimer s Cross keep straight on through Aymestrey, 144:i, 
Wigmore, 147^, Aldferton, 149, Walford, 150, turn to I. and then to r. and 
through Brampton Bryan, 151i, to Knigliiov, 167^.] 

On I., Brampton Bryan Park; on r., Brampton Hall; on r., at Coxwall 
Knoll, an old British hill fortress. 25m. before Knighton, on I., Stanage Park. 

LONDON TO TOWYN. 

London to Bishop's Castle (158f)— p. 120. 

Bishop's Castle to Newtown (16— 174|); by Bishop's Moat, 160f, 
and Red Court House, 163|, and l\ni. farther turn to I. ar^d through Kerry, 
171|. 

[Or from Monfgomerij, 167| — p. 120; here turn to L, and there is a 
steep unrideable hill to mount and walk down into Llandyssil, 169|, 
whence it runs close by the R. Severn, and is almost level and fairly good 
to Newtown, 1 '!'o\.'\ 

{Newtown: Bear's Head, .5. r.C. ; Bear; Elephant; Unicorn.) 

At Kerry, on r., Dolforgan Hall. 

Newtown to Talerthig (14 — 188f ) ; through Newtown cross 
JR. Severn, then turn to I. and the road is more or less on the rise through 
Aberhavesp, 177f, Llanwnnog, ISlf, and Carno, 185f. 

On r., Aberhavesp Hall. 

Talerthig to Machynlleth (14 — 202|) ; keep to r., and downhill 
through Capel, 190|, to " Wynnstay Arms," 191f , then 3 or 4?)i. uphill and 
down through Pen-y-goes, 200f . 

[Or from MaU^yyd, 202^ — p. 121 ; then turn to I. down Dovey Valley 
and through Cemmes, 206|, joining the above road l^m. farther, and to 
Machynlletfi, 213.] 

2m. before Pen-y-goes, on r., Aber-gwidol ; farther on, on r., Dolguog, 

Machynlleth to Towyn (12 — 214f ) ; in the former turn to r., cross 
B. Dovey or Dyfi, and turn to I. through Pennal, 206i. 

{Towyn : Brewyn ; Cambrian ; Corbet ; Temperance.) 

At Pennal, on I., Telgarth. Im. before Towyn, on r., Bodtalog. Iw. N., 
Ynysymaengwyiu 



123 

LONDON TO CARNARVON. 

London to Dolgelly (2^2^)— p. 121. 

Dolgelly to Maentwrog (18 — 230|) ; in Dolgelly turn to r., cross 
rirer, and then turn to I., and at Llanelltid, 214, keep to r. up the 
Mawddach valley, by Pont-ar-garfa, 218, and Pontdelgofylia, 220 1, and 
through Trawsfynayd, 225^. 

Maentwrog to Beddgelert (9 — 239|) ; cross the river, and at 
Tan-y-Bwlch Inn, 231^, keep to r,, and by the old Tp. road and up fche 
Pass of Aberglassllyn and over Pont-Aberglassllyn, 238, is a wretched 
road, very rough and stony ; this road cannot be recommended for 
bicycling, in some parts quite unrideable. [A better road is to go round 
by Tremadoc, 240, to Beddgelert, 246.] 

(Tremadoc : Maddock Arms. — Beddgelert: Goat; Prince Llewellyn; Saracen's 
Head.) 

On r., Tan-y-Bwlch Ilall. Fine scenery. 

Beddgelert to Carnarvon (12 — 251|) ; keep to Z. and it is uphill 
for 3m., then downhill through Bettws Garmon, 246^. [Or from Tremadoc 
through Penmorfa, 240|, Dolbenmaen, 244^, Llanllyfni, 250|, Llanwnda, 
255^, to Carnarvon, 258|,] 

LONDON TO TEWKESBURY (by Stow-on-the-Wold). 

London to Burford (72|)— p. 108. 

Burford to Stow-on-the-Wold (10 — 82|) ; in the middle of Burford 
turn to r. past the c/i., and a short distance farther out of the town keep to 
I. ; beginning with a \m. mile walk out of fche town, it is an almost continual 
ascent for 7m., then the surface improves, and there is a mile run down to 
the railway, followed by a mile walk up into Stow. 

{Stow: Talbot, ^.7. C; Unicorn.) 

Stow is built on the top of a hill, and in a bleak and exposed situation ; the 
ch. was erected at different periods of the 14th and 15th centuries. 

Stow-on-the-Wold to Stanway (9| — 92) ; steep descent from Stow 
to Upper Swell, 83^, and thence through Ford, 89, and Coscomb Cross, 90. 

Stanway to Tewkesbury (10^ — 102^) ; level road by Toddington, 
93^, Alderton, 95|, Little Washburn, 96 J, to Isabel's Elm, 99|, after which 
is a long and gradual decline through Ashchurch, 100^, down to Tewkes- 
bury ; rutty road, very rough and bumpy. 

On r., Toddington Ho., and on I., Toddington Park. 

LONDON TO ENSTONE (by Islip). 

London to Wheatley (48^)— p. 107. 

V/heatley to Islip (7^ — 56) ; turning to r.at the entrance of Wheatley, 
and \m. beyond keep again to r., leaving the Oxford road ; after a little 
uphill, presently there is a sharp descent to Forest Hill, 50, then the road 
is level by Stanton, 51^, and for some distance past New Inn, 52, when a 
stiff and stony descent occurs, followed after another mile by a tolerable 
rise with a sharp drop into Islip ; the road gradually deteriorates, and after 
New Inn is rather rough and rutty, and inclined to be greasy when wet. 



124 

At Forest Hill is a pretty old ch., surrounded by fine yew trees. Islip is a 
village on the R. Eay. 

Islip to Enslow Bridge (4| — 60^) ; straight through Islip is but 
a narrow lane, so very steep and rough as to be utterly unrideable; to 
avoid this, after crossing the bridge turn to I. through the lower part of the 
village, then to r., when the ascent is much easier ; from the top the road 
is slightly undulating and tolerably good, crossing the Oxford and Bicester 
road at 57, and through Bletchingdon, 68f, to Enslow Wharf, 60, where 
there is a short but sharp and loose descent into Cher well valley, across 
which, over canal and B. Cherwell, it is rough, and, when wet, greasy. 

On r., Bletchingdon Park, and beyond it, Kirtlington Park. 

Enslow Bridge to Enstone (8 — 68|) ; a stiff rise, rather rough 
and bumpy, leads out of the valley (care should be taken in descending it, 
as there is a Tg. at the bottom and also a sharp turn to the r.) ; from the 
top it is undulating for about 2in., crossing the Oxford and Banbury road 
at 6hn. and the Woodstock and Banbury road at the Tg., dl^m., then 
there is a steep crooked descent, best walked down, to Dornford Cottage, 
62f , followed by a long and rather stiff hill to grind up, and again a little 
level past the KillingAvorth Castle, 63^, with another steep winding descent, 
very awkward to ride down, to Glympton, 64| ; here turn sharp to I., and 
directly after the road curves sharp round again to r. up a steep ascent 
(dangerous to ride down) which gradually becomes easier and soon turns to 
level, joining the main Oxford road just before Over Kiddington, 65f, and 
the rest undulating, with a rough and stony descent into Enstone j surface 
inclined to be rough and greasy when wet. 

Dornford, on the Dome Brook, and Glympton, on the B. Glyme, are two 
pretty hamlets. At Glympton is Glympton Park, and further on, Kiddington 
Park, where is preserved a font in which Edward the Confessor is said to have 
been baptized. 

LONDON TO HOLYHEAD. 

London to Enstone (69) — p. 118. 

Enstone to Chapel House (3£ — 72|) ; a short stiff rise is followed 
by a gentle incline for nearly a mile up Broadstone Hill, and then level : 
rough road to the toll-bar, 72|-, where keep to r. (the Chipping Norton road 
to I.) and the rest is good and smooth. 

On r., pass Heythrop Park, the elegant mansion of the Duke of Beaufort. 

Chapel House to Long Compton(4^ — 77) is a hilly ride; keeping 
to r. at the bifurcation ^m. past Chapel House Inn, there are three moderate 
ascents in the first mile, then a considerable descent, with two turns in it 
and rather loose and stony, but not very steep, into a narrow valley, up 
the opposite side of which is a stiff pull of nearly a mile through a deep 
cutting to the top of bright Hill, followed by a long run down into Long 
Compton ; pretty good surface on the whole. 

On Bright Hill, a short distance on I., are the Rollerich Stones, locally known 
as the King, King's Men, and Five Knights ; they are supposed to be remains 
of a Drnidical Temple. 

Long Compton to Shipston-on-Stour (5| — 82|) ; at the toll-bar 
at the end of Long Compton keep to I. and through Burmington, 80f , and 
Tidmington, 81^, is a capital undulating road, with several sharp rises, but 
nothing difficult either way ; easier going than returning. Prett j country. 



125 

(Shipdon : Bell ; George ; Whito Horse.) 
On r., Weston Ho. ; on I., Tidmington Hall. 

Shipston-on-Stour to Stratford-upon-Avon (10^ — 93?) ; rough 
and lumpy -vN'ith several small hills through Tredington, 84|-, to Newbold, 
86f, and thence nearly all downhill or level ; the surface improves gradually 
to Alderminster, 88|, and the rest is fairly good going. Cross B. Avon 
just before entering Stratford. (This road has been very much cut up by 
a traction engine, but it is improving again.) 

(Stratford : Falcon, Hqrs. ; Golden Lion ; Red Horse ; Eed Lion ; Shakespere, 
Hqrs., B.T.C.; Washington Ir^ing's.) 

Beyond Tredington, cross the old Eoman Fosse Way. On r., Honingtnn 
Hall, and Lower Eatington Park at Newbold. Beyond Alderminster, on I., Alscot 
park. Stratford-upon-Avon is chiefly famous asbeing the birth-placeof Shakespeare; 
the house in which he was born is dedicated to the nation ; he was buried in the 
parish ch,, which also contains many fine monuments. The scenery of the Avon 
valley is very beautiful. 

Stratford-upon-Avon to Alcester (8 — lOl^) ; for the first 4m, it 
is a little lumpy, and there are three long slopes to pull up, to top of Eed 
Hill, 97i, which is a steep hill to go down, smooth surface and safe with a 
good brake, after which it is a capital road, mostly level or gentle downhill 
into Alcester. 

{Alcester : Swan, B.T.C.) 

Alcester contains many old houses, and has a fine old ch. 

Alcester to Headless Cross {Q\ — 107f ) ; capital smooth road and 
level, except a short hill at Coughton, 103^, through Spernall Ash, 104^ 
(keep to l.\ the right hand road leads to Birmingham), to Littlewood Green, 
105, after which are two long hills, the second one roughish and barely 
rideable, at the top of which is Crab's Cross, 106f , and the rest not very good. 

[There is another route to Crab's Cross, taking the left hand fork just 
outside Alcester, and by the Droitwich road to New Inn, which is hilly and 
roughish, then to r. along the Ridge "Way, very good ; longer and not so 
good as the other route.] 

At Headless Cross on r. to Bedditcli (1 — 108f),'all downhill, and sharp 
descent into the town. 

{Bedditch : Crown; Unicorn j Warwick Arms, B.T.C. — Headless Cross: 
White Hart, B.T.C.) 

On I., Coughton Park; on r., Coughton Court; on r., Studley Castle and 
Priory. Eedditch is the chief seat of the needle and pin manufacture. 

Headless Cross to Bromsgrove (6f — 114|) ; good road, with two 
stiff hills to pull up, through Webb Heath, to Tardebigge, llli, then not 
so good, being rather rough and hilly, two of the descents also being 
generally very loose; long stiS downhill, loose and rough, approaching 
Bromsgrove, and a narrow street leads into the town; turn to I. in the 
main street. 

{Bromsgrove : Crab Mill Inn.) 

At Tardebigge, on r., Hewell Grange. Bromsgrove is the centre of the 
nail and button trades, which are also carried on in the surrounding villages ; 
the parish cli. is situated on an eminence, and is approached by 50 steps ; it has 
a fine tower. 

Bromsgrove to Kidderminster (9^ — 124) ; turn to r. up a narrow 
turning out of the main street of Bromsgrove, and then through Chaddesley 
Corbett, 119|, Winterfold, 120f, and Stone, 122, is a very undulating road, 



126 

with scarcely any level stretches in the whole distance; all the hills, 
however, are rideable, though one or two are stiffish ; entering the town is a 
very bumpy, but not very steep descent over the railway bridge. 
Kidderminster is noted for its carpets. 

Kidderminster to Bridgenorth (13| — 137|); the first half is hilly, 
with two very stiff and long ascents to walk, but a moderate surface 
through Frainch, 124f , and Shatterford, 128, to Allum (or Alam) Bridge, 
131:1^, then it is easier riding through Quatt, 133|, over a good smooth road 
with a gradual fall towards Quatford, 13of ; thence take the left hand road 
by the side of the J?.. Severn, which is fairly level into Bridgenorth though 
somewhat shaky ; the other road to the right is hilly. 

(Bridgenorth : Crown and Royal.) 

At Frainch, on r., Sion Hill ; on I., an ancient earthwork, Warshill Camp. Across 
the R. Severn is the Forest of Wyre. Past Quatt, on I., Dudmaston Ro. Bridge- 
north is said to resemble ancient Jerusalem ; many of the houses are built on the 
rock. The Saxons erected a fortress here, and there are still remains of a castle. 

Bridgenorth to Much Wenlock (8^ — 146); cross B. Severn: 
Ijefore a mile is traversed a stiff hill has to be mounted, and the road continues 
hilly and on the rise most of the way through Morville, 140|, and by 
Muckley Cross, 142f . 

Past Morville, on r., Aldenham Hall. At Much Wenlock are remains of an 
abbey, founded in 680, including the chief pare of the ch., a fine Gothic building 
of the 13th century. 

Much Wenlock to Shrewsbury (12 — 158); a mile out of Wenlock 
a stiff hill begins, which ends on the top of Wenlock Edge ; having crossed 
the summit there is a steep descent through a deep cutting, down which it 
is not safe to ride, as it is long, very rough, and stony, into Harley, 148 ; 
from here (keeping to r.) the remainder, through Cressage, 160, Cound, 152, 
Brompton, 154, Weeping Cross, 154:^, St. Giles, 156f, and Abbey Foregate, 
157^, except a short hill into Cressage, is good riding through an undulat- 
ing and pretty country ; enter the town over English Bridge, from the 
suburb of Abbey Foregate. 

[At Shrewsbury we join the Holyhead Road proper — che old coach 
road — the first part of which is described infra, pp. 137-140. The above 
route to Shrewsbury is better traveirmg.] 

(Shrewsbury : Eagle ; Raven.) 

At Cressage, on r., across R. Severn, is the Wrekin Mountain. At Cound, 
across the Severn, are the remains of tlie Roman city of Uriconium, now 
Wroxeter. It was on the decay of this that Shrewsbury was founded in the 5th 
century by the British Princes of Powysland. There are remains of Shrewsbury 
town walls built in Henry Ill's reign, also of the old castle; Ihe Benedictine 
Abbey, founded in 1083, and part of which is incorporated in the ch. of Holy 
Cross, noted for its handsome window. There are several old churches and many 
fine public buildings. N. of the town, at Battlefield, is the scene of the great 
battle between Henry IV. and Hotspur, in 1403. 

Shrewsbury to Nesscliff (8| — 166^) ; leave the town by Welsh 
Bridge, over B. Severn, and through the suburb of Frankwell, then through 
Shelton, 160 (keep to r.), over Montford Bridge, 162^ (recross B. Severn), 
and by Ensdon House, 164, is good riding, though rather hilly, and chiefly 
on the rise. 

At Shelton, Berwick So., Great Berwick and Down Rossall. At Nesscliff, 
Qreat Ness. 



127 

Nesscliflfto Oswestry (9^176) ; through West Felton, 17U, and 
Queen's Head Tg., 172 (keep to I.), is not quite so hilly as the last stage; 
surface still keeps smooth and good. 

{Oswestry: Bell; Boar's Head; Cross Keys j George j Osburne ; Queen's j 
Wynnstay Arms.) 

On I., on the Breiddin Hills, see Lord Eodney's Pillar. At Aston, pass 
Aston Hall. Oswestry had formerly a castle and walls, a mound marks the site 
of the former, and the latter have disaiDpeared. About 3?w. E. are the ruins of 
Whittington Castle. 

Oswestry to Chirk (5^ — 181^) ; through Gobowen, 178| (keep to Z.), 
is a good road, nearly level ; railway crossing at Gobowen. 

[From Queen's Head Tg. on ?'., a shorter and better road goes direct 
through Whittington to Gobowen, instead of through Oswestry ; it passes 
through a lower country, and is more level ; \m. shorter.] 

{CUrh: Hand.) 

On I., pass old Oswestry, Mount Sion, and Pentre-pont. 2ni. before Chirk, on r., 
Belmont. At Chirk, on Z., Chirk Castle, and on r., Brynkinalt. Pretty country. 

Chirk to Llangollen (6f— 188) ; at Whitehurst Tg., 183, the road 
turns to I. and enters the valley of the R. Dee, called also the Vale of 
Llangollen ; it is undulating with one or two stiff hills in the first half, 
then mostly downhill : good smooth road. 

There is not a hill between Shrewsburv and Llangollen that cannot be 
ridden. 

{Llangollen : Bridge End ; Hand ; Boyal.) 

Beautiful scenery. On r., at Llangollen the ruins of Caer Dinas Bran, or 
Crow Castle, formerly a place of great strength. At the entrance of the Dee 
Valley, on r., Wynnstay Park, and farther on, Trevor Hall. On I. of Llangollen 
is Plas Newydd. 

Llangollen to Corwen (10| — 198^); continuing up the valley of 
the Dee past Carrog Station and Llansaintffraid Tg., 195f, through Glyn 
Dyfrdwy, the road consists of a series of very long but gradual slopes up 
and down, mostly the former, especially in the first half, but the surface is 
very good. Splendid scenery. 

{Corwen: OvvenGlyndwr; Queen.) 

Beyond Llangollen, on r., Dinbryn Hall. Im. fai'ther on the road to Ruthin 
is the picturesque ruin of Valle Crucis Abbey, founded 1200 ; beyond it, Eliseg's 
Pillar, and the remains of Owen Glendwr's Palace. Im. farther, on the banks of 
the Dee, is Llandysilio Hall, Before Corwen, on r., Caer Drewyn, an ancient 
fortification. Beyond Llangollen, on I., Craig-y-Gadd, an old encampment. 

Corwen to Cerrig-y-Druidion (10— 208^) ; out of Corwen take 
right hand road, and cross li. Dee ; the road now leaves the valley of the 
Dee and goes up the Alwen vaUey ; it is good past Druid Inn, 201^ (keep 
to r.), with a moderate rise to the Goat Inn at Maes Mawr, 203^, then 
leaving the Alwen valley on r. is a long and trying ascent up the pass of 
Aber Geirw, and except in dry weather an indifferent road. [There is 
another and better way by going Up the Alwen valley, l^m. out of Corwen, 
and joining the road from Ruthin.] 

{Cerrig-y-Druidion : Lion, 5.7". C.) 

Pretty scenery, l^i. past Maes Mawr, on I., on the top of a hill, gee 
Glyn Diffwys bridge and pretty waterfall, ^m. before Cerrig, on r., is Pen-y-Gaer, 
an ancient entrenchment. 

Cerrig-y-Druidion to Pentre Voelas (5^213^); long drag uphill 



12S 

for about om. till t"he summit of the pass is reached at Cernloge MavrT, 
211|-, and then it is level or slightly downhill, with capital surface. 

Pentre Voelas to Bett"ws-y-Coed {71 — 220f ) is a splendid smooth 
road all level or downhill, following the valley of the li. Conway, but 
Hearing Bettws it requires careful riding, as the road has very sudden turns 
and corners. Just before Bettws turn to I. and cross B. Conway. 

(Bethvs : Glan Ober; Gwyderj EoyalOak; Waterloo.) 

Beyond Pentre Yoelas, on r., Voelas Hall and Lima Hall. Im. before Bettws, 
on I., the Conway Falls, and Bridge over R. Conway. Pretty scenery : also Fairy 
Glen before Bettws. 

Bettws-y-Coed to Capel-Curig (5 — 225|); turn to left out of 
Bettws and it is a good road, but slightly on the rise all the way, running 
up the valley of the Llugwy, a tributory of the B. Conway : keep to the ?•. 
at Capel-Ourig. 

(Capel'Curig : Koyal; Tan-y-Hwlch.) 

About 2m. beyond Bettws, on r., the Waterfall of Rhaiadr-Wennol, or Swallow 
Falls, and just beyond the road crosses to the I. bank of the river at Miner's Bridge. 

Capel-Curig to Bangor (15 — 240f ) ; keeping to r. at the Tp., the 
road ascends a fairly easy incline for nearly Ann. up the Llugwy valley, then 
it is downhill past Ogwen Lake (Llyn Ogwen), 230, from the bottom end of 
"which, a long and rather steep descent runs down the Ogwen valley, here 
called the pass of 'Nant Francon, partly winding through woods, with 2 or 
3 ups and downs past Ogwen Bank, 235|, to Bethesda, 236 ; thence the road 
falls to Llandegai, 239, with good surface : long narrow street through Bangor. 

(Bethesda: Douglas Arms, B.T.C, — Bangor: British; Castle; George; 
Penrhyn Arms ; Eailway.) 

On I., about 2m. before Bethesda, the celebrated Penrhyn Slate Quarries, of 
tremendous extent, and employing some 7000 men. At Llandegai, on r., Penrhyn 
Castle, built in the reign of Henry VI. ; also Lime Grove. At Bangor, the cathedral. 

Bangor to Menai Bridge (2^ — 243^) ; turn to r. before the station 
Tip a hill, and then a gentle descent to the bridge, which can be ridden 
over; \d. toll to pay. On r. to Beaumaris, 4??i. 

Menai Bridge is 560 feet between the points of suspension, and 100 feet high, 
it was built by Telford, 1819 — 1826. Im. on I. is the remarkable Britannia 
Tubular Bridge, 1513 feet long; it was erected by Eobert Stephenson, and 
opened in 1860, 

Menai Bridge to Holyhead (21| — 264f); through Llanfair, 245j, 
Gaerwen, 248j, Pentre Berw, 249f , across Malldreath Marsh to Llangristiolus, 
251,Cefn Cumyd, 251f, CaeaMonaInn, 252|-, Gwalchmai, 254f, Ceirchiog, 
256:|-, Bryn, 257, Caer-Caeliog (ceiliog?), 260, and across Stanley Sands, 262, 
is a good straight road right across Anglesea Island ; rather hilly, but 
nothing difficult, the chief inclines being \m. and 7w. from Menai Bridge. 

{Holyhead: Marine; Royal. — Beaumaris: Liverpool Arms, i^.T.C) 

LONDON TO SHREWSBURY (by Ironbridge.) 

London to Bridgenorth (137|) — p. 126. . 

Bridgenorth to Broseley (6^ — 144|) ; turn to r. m Bridgenorth, 
then a fair undulating road through Norley, 140, over Norley Common, 
and through Linley, 141|- (just beyond which keep to r.), and a long ascent 
to Broseley. 



129 

Im. before Norley, on r., Stanley Hall. On I., Linley Hall, and beyond it, 
Willey Hall. 

Broseley to Buildwas (3| — 147|) ; in Broseley keep to r. and there 
is a long rough, descent to Iron Bridge, 14o5^, which must be carefully 
ridden as the road is also crossed at intervals by tram lines belonging to 
brick and tile works ; |d. toll across Ironbridge {R. Severn), then turn 
sharp to I. and a moderately good but somewhat hilly road leads to Buildwas 
alongside the river. 

At Buildwas, on I., the abbey. 

Buildwas to Shrewsbury (12| — 160) ; moderately good but some- 
what hilly road, running near B. Severn, through Leighton, 1601-, and over 
Tern Bridge, 155^, where join the Watling Street road from Wolverhampton, 
to Atcham, 156 (cross K Severn), and keeping to r. the rest is an excellent 
road into Shrewsbury, through St. Giles, ISSg. 

At Iron Bridge, on ?., near Coalbrookdale, are large ironworks. On I., 
Leigliton Hall, and 2m. on r., the Wrekin mountain, on which is an ancient camp ; 
splendid view. Below it. Neves Castle. Before Tern Bridge, on ?., at Wroxeter, 
are the remains of the Roman town oi Uriconium. At Atcham, on r., Allingham 
Hall and Longnor Castle and Hall. 

LONDON TO HOLYHEAD (by Banburj). 

Marble Arch (Oxford street) to Edgware (8) ; wood pavement for 
nearly a mile along Edgware road, through Paddington, f, then a bad 
macadam road, rough and shaky all the way; level as far as Kilburn, 2|, 
whence there is a stifi rise up Shoot-up Hill, 3, and it continues hilly, and 
chiefly on the rise, by Cricklewood, 4, past the "Welsh Harp " at Hendon, 
b\ (Brent Bridge), and The Hyde, 6j; very heavy traific for first 3m., and 
the surface generally heavy and greasy, but after Hendon it improves 
somewhat, with tolerable riding at the sides. 

(Hendon : Welsh Harp. — Edgicare : Bald Faced Stag, rec. C.T.C) 

Edgware to Watford. (6| — 14|) ; the road continues lumpy and 
uphill through Little Stanmore for a mile beyond Edgware, then turn to I. 
at the fork, and it is level but loose and not very smooth going to Great 
Stanmore, 10^, through and out of which (keeping to r.) is a hill, a mile 
lono" to mount, rather stiff at first, but rideable (it should be ridden dow^t, 
with care); then good almost level run for a couple of miles, over Bushey 
Heath, followed by the steep descent of Clay Hill, generally very loose, 
stony and rough, and rer4uiring great care in riding down, to Bushey, I'J^, 
and beyond that is another long but moderate downhill, and the last mile 
level ; except Clay Hill, it is a good gravel and flint road from Stanmore. 
Watford is a long (Im.) straggling town, nearly all on a gentle rise. 

{Stanmore: (half way up the hill), Abercorn Arms; Crown, rec. C.T.C. — 
Watford: Clarendon; Essex Arms, C.T.C; George; Green Man; Rose and Crown.) 

Beyond Edgware, on I., Canons Tark ; beyond Stanmore, on I., Beudey 
Priory; Im. distant is a line of ancient earthworks. At Bushey, Hartsbourno 
Manor Ho., Bushey Manor Ho. and Aldenham Abbey. 

Watford, to Two Waters (7| — 22) ; after leaving Watford it is a 
splendid level road, partly skirting Cashiobury Park, to Upper Highway, 18, 
then it crosses the valley by Hunton Bridge, 18j, to the left, and is on a 



130 

gradual rise throngli King's Langley, 19|, to within a mile of Two Waters, 
then undulating ; good smooth surface on the whole, but sometimes sandy 
between Upper Highway and King's Langley. 

On i., Cashiobury Park, Grove Park and Langley Bury. 

Two Waters to Berkhampstead (4| — 26^) ; through Box Moor, 
23|-, and Bourn End, 24^, is gently undulating ; capital smooth going. 

(Berkhampstead : Goat Inn ; King'a Arms.) 

On r., Berkhampstead Castle (remains of), Monte Cavallo, and Berkhampstead 
Place ; on I., Ashlyns Hall and Haresfoot. At Berkhampstead the poet Cowper 
was born. The ch. is Gothic and contains many ancient monuments. 

Berkhampstead to Tring (5 — 31i); level to Northchurch, 27^, 
whence it is all uphill for nearly 3m., ending with a rather stiff pull 
opposite Tring Park, and the rest is a gentle fall into Tring; splendid 
smooth road. 

(Tring : Rose and Crown, B.T.C.', Royal.) 

Past Berkhampstead, on the hill, on Z., are the remains of an ancient 
earthwork, called Graeme's Dyke. At Tring, ancient ch., with some old monuments. 

Tring to Aylesbury (7 — 38^) ; three short rises in the first mile or 
so out of Tring, followed by a long descent, rather steep but perfectly safe 
and good, to near Aston Clinton, 34^; the rest is level to Aylesbury, with 
a short pull up just in the town ; splendid smooth surface all the way : the 
middle of Aylesbury is paved. 

(Aylesbury: Crown, B.T.C.; George; Greyhound; Red Lion ; Star.) 
From near Watford the road follows a low valley right through the Chiltern 
Hills, which are crossed between Berkhampstead and Aston Clinton. Aylesbury 
is situate in a fertile tract of country, called the Vale of Aylesbury, and regarded 
as the dairy of England ; the town is irregularly built, but has some fine public 
buildings, county hall, corn exchange, infirmary, St. Mary's ch., &c. Chief 
manufactures are lace and straw plait, and the vicinity produces large numbers 
of ducks and geese for the London market. 

Aylesbury to Winslow (10^ — 48f) ; turn to r. in Aylesbury 
opposite the George Hotel, and when beyond the paving (keeping to r. 
again) there is a sharp hill to go down out of the town, then fair and almost 
level road to Hardwick, 41f , shortly after which is the long rise of Holborn 
Hill, rather stiff towards the top, and generally very rough, being loose and 
stony, up to Whitchurch, 43 ; ^m. beyond this village is a rather steep but 
not long descent, with a turn in the middle and loose and stony at the 
bottom, and the rest is an easy undulating ride, with a stiffish hill to mount 
just before reaching Winslow, through which is rough and bumpy; capital 
road on the whole. 

(Winslow : Bell Inn.) 

At Whitchurch, on I., is the site of an old castle, 

Winslow to Buckingham (6| — 55|) ; a fair level road to within 
^ a mile of Padbury, 62f , into which is a gradual rise and a sharp descent 
out of it, then nearly Im. level and \\m. chiefly of a moderate uphill, 
followed by a short but steepish fall to the bridge over theii. Ouse entering 
Buckingham, whence keep to r. into the square ; fairly good surface on the 
whole : macadam tlirough Buckingham. 

(Buckingham: Swan and Castle; Whale; White Hart, Hqrs., B.T.C.) 
At Buckingham was, formerly a castle, but its site, an artificial mound, ia 
uow occupied by the ch., a large and handsome structure. About 3m. N, is Stowe^ 



131 

the beautiful seat of the Duke of Buckingham, the road to it being along an 
avenue of lofty trees. 

Buckingham to Aynho-on-the-Hill (Hi — 664) ; leave the Square 
by Castle street on I., down a short hill, and turning to r. at the bottom 
over the bridge {E. Ouse), it is up and down hill, but good and easy riding 
till having mounted the hill beyond Tingewick, 58, then almost level, with 
capital gravel surface past Finmere, 69^, to Monk's House, 61f , after that 
the road begins to be undulating again and changes to limestone, hard but 
rather shaky, past Barley Mow, 63, to Croughton, 64i, out of which is a 
sharp fall followed by a similar rise, both very rough, and thence good and 
undulating to Aynho. 

At Finmere, the old Eoman way through Bicester crosses ; 2m. further, on 
r., near Mixbury, is Beaumont, supposed to be a Roman I'emain ; Im. N. of 
Barley Mow, is an ancient entrenched camp, also another a mile N.E. of Aynho, 
called Rainsborough Camp. At Aynho, on I., Aynho Park. 

Aynho to Banbury (6| — 73) ; keeping to r. there is a long descent 
winding through and out of Aynho into Cherwell valley, then except a short 
rise beyond Nett Bridge, GSj (over B. Cherwell and canal), it is a nearly 
level and good road by Adderbury, 69f , and Weeping Cross, 71^, to Banbury, 
entering the town by a rather steep descent, which should be ridden down 
carefully. 

[There is another road from Buckingham through Brackley to Banbury, 
Ifm. shorter, but not so good and more hilly — vide infra, p. 136.] 

{Banbury: Crown; George and Dragon Inn ; Red Lionj Crown Inn; White 
Horse, B.T.O. ; White Lion, Hqrs., B.T.C.) 

Banbury ch. was rebuilt in 1790. At the bottom of the hill is the famous 
cross. A castle of great strength formerly existed, but after sustaining two 
sieges in the Civil War, it was demolished, and only very slight remains of it are 
left. At Banbury are some good baths. 

Banbury to Upton (7| — 80^) ; keep straight on through Banbury, 
then turn to I., and after Neithrop, 73|, the road rises gently to Drayton, 
75, out of which is a sharp descent and ascent to Wroxton, 76, and then 
there is a long but gradual hill to mount past New Inn, 78 j, to the verge of 
Edge Hill at Upton ; good surface. On Edge Hill is a B.U. " Danger " 
board. 

On l.y Wroxton Abbey : beyond it, on the hill, is an old entrenchment. On 
I.. Upton Ho. 

Upton to Upper Eatington {71 — 87^) ; take the left hand road at 
the sign post, and from the "Rising Sun," on the top of Edge Hill, 81, 
there is a tremendously steep hill to descend, about a mile long, and very 
loose and rough, down which it is impossible to ride ; from the bottom the 
road is level, but with a w^retched surface the whole distance, through 
Pillerton Lazer, 84, and Pdlerton Priors, 85^ ; the road is made with 
ironstone, and when wet, forms into ruts, and prevents quick riding. 

From the top of Edge Hill a fine view can be obtained. On the r., in the 
plain below, 2 or 3m. distant, is the scene of the battle of Edge Hill, on 23rd 
October, 1642, the first in the Civil War. 

Upper Eatington to Stratford-upon-Avon (5 — 92^); long 
gradual downhill through Goldicote, 89, to the Tg, 2m. before Stratford, 
and then undulating to Bridge Town, 92, where the Oxford road is joined j 
poor surface* 



13^ 

Stratford-upon-Avon to Holyhead (171^—264)— pp. 1^5-8. 

[On the whole the above route to Stratford-upon-Avon is better and 
easier than that through Oxford ; it can be shortened l^m. by going from 
Buckingham through Brackley to Banburj.] 

LONDON TO BANBURY (by Bicester). 

London to Aylesbury (38^)— p. 130. 

Aylesbury to Waddesdon (5 — 43^) ; turn to r. in Aylesbury, 
opposite the George Hotel, and when clear of the paving, keep to I. at the 
bifurcation, and there is a moderate downhill out of the town ; then it is 
a fair road, pretty level to Fleet Marston, 41, and thence rather hilly to 
Waddesdon. 

Waddesdon to Bicester (lOf — 54); the road continues fair through 
Ham Green, 46, to Sharp's Hill, 47, which is a long rise, followed by a 
descent on the other side; after this it gets rapidly worse, and then is very 
bad, being nothing more than a cart track, and traverses a very wild and 
desolate tract of country for about 6m., over Blackthorn Heath, 51^, 
whence there is a stiff ascent up Blackthorn Hill, and on through Wretch- 
wick, 62^, to Bicester. 

(Bicester: Crown, B.T.C. ; King's Arms; King's Head; "White Lion.) 
This road partly follows the line of the Roman Akeman Street. At Ham 
Green, Im. on I., Wotton Ho. ; at Blackthorn Hill on I., Ambrosden Park. Bicester 
was a Roman station and is situate near the junction of several Roman roads ; 
about l^m. S.W., are the traces of the ancient city of Alchester. The ch. was 
erected about 1200, and contains many old monuments. 

Bicester to Aynho-on-the-Hill (8|— 62f ) ; keep to r. in Bicester, 
and at the Tg. outside the town to I. ; the road is very hilly, through 
Caversfield, 55f, Baynard's Green, 58|, past Souldern, 60|, and joining the 
Buckingham road ^)?i. before Aynho; very steep descent and ascent just 
before Baynard's Green; bad road, rough and bumpy, very little better 
than the last stage. 

On r. Caversfield Ho.; farther on I., Bucknell Ho., and Swift's Ho. At 
Souldern on I. is an ancient cntrcnchmont called Ploughley Hill ; from here, 
stretching in S. and S.W. direction, is a line of entrenchment 7 or 8 miles long, 
extending to the old Akeman Street, near Kirtlington ; it is known variously as 
Ashbank, Wattlebank, or Avesditch, and overlooks the valley of the Cherwell. 

Aynho-on-the-Hill to Banbury (61— 69)— p. 131. 

LONDON TO AYLESBURY (by Uxbridge). 

London to Uxbridge (15)— p. 106. 

Uxbridge to Chalfont St. Peters (5| — 20^); the macadam ends 
■v^'ith Uxbridge, out of ^vliich is a short dip, and then two bridges to go over 
(R. Coin and Grand Junction Canal) ; after that the road is level, but not 
very smooth, to the foot of Red Hill, 17i, which though rather rough and 
generally loose and heavy, can be mounted by an ordinary rider, as it is 
not steep ; thence it is undulating to Tatling End, 18, where leave the 
Oxford road and turn to r., and directly after there is a rather steep fall 
with loose surface and a turn at the bottom j then the road is shaky and 



133 

stony for a mile, owin.cf chiefly to the traffic of some brick and ille works afc 
Oak End, 19, and after passing them it gets better, and is undulating all 
the way, but no other difficult hill ; in dry weather very loose and sandy 
for first 3m.; ford to cross in Chalfont. 

At Red Hill on I., Denham Mount; Im. before Chalfont on r., Chalfont Ho. 
From Tatling End the road runs up a narrow valley nearly all the way to 
Wendover, through the Chiltern Hills. 

Chalfont St. Peters to AmerBham (5| — 26) ; hill out the former, 
then the road is a series of short stiff rises and falls, running along the 
right hand hill-side of the valley, with a gentle descent into Amersham ; 
good road, to Chalfont St. Giles, 22 1, then rather sandy. 

(Amershayn: Crown Inn ; GrifHu.) 

At Chalfont St, Giles, (which lies a little to the left of the road) Milton 
resided during the great plague, and here he finished " Paradise Lost." Amersham 
ch., in the middle ot the town, contains some old monuments : the town hall was 
built in 1612. 

Amersham to Wendover (9 j — 35 1) ; first-rate smooth gravel road 
through Little Missenden, 28 1-, and Great Missenden, 31 ; for about 8»i. 
level and gently rising ground alternate, with a few moderate undulations, 
the only one of any consequence being a sharp descent out of Great 
Missenden ; the last Ihn. into Wendover are downhill. 

Beyond Amersham on I. Shardeloes ; a mile past Little Missenden on I., 
Little Missenden Abbey. On r. Great Missenden Abbey, of which part of the old 
cloisters still remains; 3m. W., up a aide valley, is Hampden Ho., where John 
Hampden was born, and near which he is buried. Wendover is a small old 
fashioned town. 

Wendover to Aylesbury (5 — iO^); is almost level and a good roa(? 
but in dry weather rather sandy ; from Walton Tg., (entrance of Aylesbury 
40, it is paved into and through Aylesbury, which is entered from the south, 
and crossed through the market place. 

LONDON TO AMERSHAM (by Harrow). 

Marble Arch to Harlesden (or Holsden) ' Green (4|) ; wood 
pavement along the Edgware Road for Im., then turn to ?. along the 
Harrow Road, and the rest is macadam : level through Paddington Green, 
fw., and Westbourne Green, 1|, to Kensal New Town, 2|-,^whence it is on 
a gradual rise past Kensal Green, 3, over Honeypot Hill and past Willesden 
Station, 4. 

(Harlesden Grsen : Royal Oak. — Willesden : Junction Arms.) 

Harlesden Green to Harrow-on-tlie-Hill (5| — 10) ; pretty good 
road over Stone Bridge, 5|, to the top of the hill by Oakington Farm, 65-, 
and then both rough and hilly to the " Swan " at Sudbury Green, 8^, where 
keep to I., and there is a steep winding hill up into Harrow. [There is 
another road avoiding the steep hill into and out of Harrow, by taking the 
right hand road at Sudbury Green, and passing by Harrow on I., turn tO 
the I. again beyond it into the road for Pinner.] 

{Harrow : King's Head. — Roxeth : Im. on I., Three Horse Shoes.) 
At Stone Bridge on L, Twyford Abbey ; 2m. farther, Im. on r., Wembley 
Park: before Harrow on r., Sudbury Gi'ove, ancl ou the IJill, The Hermitage. At 
Barfow i§ the Qelebj-ateci school, 



131 

Harrow-on-the-Hill to Pinner (3 — 13); dangerous winding 
descent out of Harrow, then level over Hooking Green, 12, and a steep but 
not long ascent into Pinner. 

Pinner to Riekmansworth (5 — 18) ; [instead of going through 
Pinner, there is an easier route by taking the left hand road just before the 
village, going by Pinner Marsh, and joining the main road at the bottom 
of the hill through Pinner ;] an awkward rough descent in Pinner by the 
church ; then undulating road through Pmner Green, 13|, and over Ruislip 
Common, with a rather steep hill, loose and stony, to dc scend at North 
Wood, 15|-, after which the road is pretty level and good through Batch- 
worth Heath, 16^, tind skirting the west side of Moor Park, and a very bad 
hill leading down into E-ickmansworth, which is best walked. [At Batch- 
worth Heath, permission may be obtained at the lodge, to pass through 
Moor Park, but beyond the mansion there is a loose and steep hill to go 
down, with a gate at the bottom.] 

(Riekmansworth : Swan.) 

Beyond Pinner, Im. on I., Eaislip Park. Moor Park was formerly the 
residence of Cardinal Wolsey, and also of the Duke of Monmouth; it now belongs to 
Lord Eburj. 

Riekmansworth to Green Street, before Cheneys (3| — 21:^) ; pass- 
ing the ch. on I. take the new road for Chesham, as the hill leading to the 
old one is unrideable ; there is a stiff hill to mount, and at the top is a very 
good and fairly level road over Chorleywood Common, 20, to Green Street. 
At Green Street, ^m. on r., is Cheneys, 21^, whence is a steep descent into 
the valley of B. Chess, up which a fairly level road leads to Ghesham, 26|. 

(Chesham : Crown, B.T.C.) 

G-reen Street to Amersham (4^ — 25f ) ; take the left hand road, 
which is undulating for nearly 2m., when there is a steep and very rough 
hill, which requires careful riding down, to Loudhams, 23i-; then very good 
and level over Amersham Common for l^w., where turn to I. by a small 
inn, and there is a capital run down to Amersham. Eeturning, ^m. out of 
Amersham, turn to I. 

LONDON TO ENSTONE (by Bicester). 

London to Bicester (54) — p. 132. 

Bicester to Middleton Stoney (3^ — 57^) ; keep to I. in the middle 
of Bicester, and nearly ^m. further on to I. again, and shortly after that to 
r. ; it is a fair road, slightly uphill. 

Just beyond Middleton Stoney is MidJleton Park. 

Middleton Stoney to Hopcroft's Holt (4f — 62|) ; skirting the 
north side of Middleton Park the road continues level to Lower Heyford, 
601, into and through which is a long decline to the R. CherVell, followed 
by a rise again to Hopcroft's Holt, on the Oxford and Banbury road ; bad 
surface. 

Just past Middleton Park, cross the Avesditch, and Jm. farther on the Port 
Way. Beyond Lower Heyford on I., Rousham Park. 

Hopcroft's Holt to Church Enstone (5f — 68) ; rather hilly road 
till clear of Westcot Barton, 64:|-, then fair and almost level through 
Gagingwell, 6Q^: ^m. beyond Church Enstone, after a shorfe descent and 



135 

like ascent, ioiii the road from Oxford on I. jnst outside Enstone. This 
road should be ridden only in dry weather, as m wet weather aud winter 
time it is mostly covered with mud and water, and is inclined to be rutty 
and greasy. 

LONDON TO WOUCESTES (by Alcester). 

London to Stratford-upon-Avon (92^)— p. 131. 

Stratford-upon-Avon to Alcester (8— 100^)— p. 125. 

Alcester to Flyford Mavel (81—109) ; mostly on the rise tor the 
first mHe through Arrow, lOli, to Ragley Park, at the end of which turn 
«harp to r. uphill, and it continues hilly to Dunnington, lOSj (where turn to 
7- at the sign post and take left hand road nearly a mile farther on), and 
then good with a few small hills through Abbots Moreton, 106, and Itadtord, 
107i; gravel surface. 

Flyford Flavel to Worcester (9—118); over Grafton Bridge, 110, 
and through Upton Snodsbury, llli, and Spetchley, 114^ is a good 
^ undulating road with a long run down, followed by a steep descent mto the 
town, rideable with a good brake. 

LONDON TO CARNARVON (by Llanberis). 

London to Stratford-upon-Avon (92|)— p. 131. 

Stratford-upon-Avon to Capel Curig (132^— 225)— pp. 125-8. 

Capel Curig to Pen-y-gwryd (4^—229^) ; takmg the left hand 
road at the turnpike and past Eoyal Hotel, it is an almost continuous 
ascent with several steep and rough pitches up the narrow valley of ISTant- 
y-gwryd; the surface is rough and abounds in loose stones. The country 
is very wild and open. From near Pen-y-gwryd the ascent of Mount 
Snowdon can be made. 

(Pen-y-gwryd Hotel.) 

Pen-y-gwryd to Llanberis (6f — 236) ; keeping to r. there is a sti£E 
ascent of T^n. to the summit of the pass of Llanberis at Gorphwysfa (the 
Eesting Place), 231, then the descent of the pass begins and is steep, rough, 
and stony for about ^m., when it improves, and though still downhill it is 
not so steep, and can be ridden with safety. For the last 2m. it sku-ts the 
shores of Llyn or Lake Peris. 

(Llanberis: Castle; Dolbadarn, B.T.C.; Padarn Villa; Pen-y.pas3; 
Eoyal Victoria ; Snowden Valley.) 

The road skirts the foot of Mount Snowdon all the way, the snmmit being 3 
or 4m. from Gorphwysfa : there is another road from Llanberis by Ceunant Maur, 
where is a fine waterfall. Before Llanberis on r. below Llyn Peris is Dolbadarn 
Castle. 

Llanberis to Carnarvon (8—244) ; one steep hill up past Glyn 
Peris Hotel, 237, otherwise easy road, but rough and bumpy, and after 
heavy rain very loose, as Lake Padarn, which it skirts iovoin., overflows: 
from Cwm-y-G-lo, 240, the country becomes more open and the road ii 
rather better, though much up and down through Llanrug. 

(Carnarvon : Arvonia, Hqrs. ; Castle ; Prince of Wales ; Queen's ; RoTal : 
Royal Sportsman, B.T.C.) 



136 

Just beyond Llanberis on I., is a large slate quarry, employing 3,000 men. 
Carnarvon is an ancient town and is surrounded by a Avail with round towers, 
the stireets are narrow : the chief building is the castle erected by Edward I., and 
is that in which Edward 11. was born ; it was 12 years in building. About a mile 
from the town are remains of the Eoman town of Segontium. 

LONDON TO BANBURY (by Brackley). 

London to Buckingham (55|) — p. 130. 

Bnckinghani to Brackley (7^ — 62|) ; through Wcstbury, 6O7, is a 
hilly road, but all the hills are rideable; a mile before Brackley is a stiff 
descent, followed by a long and very stiff pull up into the town. The 
greater part of the road is generally rough. 

(Brackley : Cross Keys ; Crown ; Wheatsheaf .) 

On r. 2m. N. is Stowe, the magnificent seat of the Duke of Buckingham. 

Brackley to Banbtiry, Cross (9f — 72|) ; through Farthingho, 66}, 
and Middleton Cheney, 69j, is a rather undulating road, but not so hilly as 
the last stage, though nearing Banbury there are one or two stiffish hills to 
mount, followed by a run down for nearly l|?7i. Indifferent surface for 
first few miles, then very good. 

[This road is not used so much as that by Aynho.] 

LONDON TO STRATFOED-UPON-AVON (by Kineton). 

London to Upton (80^)— p. 131. 

Upton to Kineton (o — 85^) keep to r. at the guide post, and at Edge 
Hill, 81, there is a long and very steep descent, which is loose and 
tmrideable ; after that it is a rather rough road, slightly down hill at first, 
then level. 

(Kineton: Oxford Arms.) 

On I., just under Edge Hill, the beautiful residence of Eadway. On r. on the 
top of the hill, is an old entrenchment called Nadbury Camp. Beyond Edge Hill 
the road skirts the field of the Battle of Edge Hill, which on the 23rd October, 
1642, began the Civil War. Kineton or Kington, was once a royal residence, and 
there was a castle said to have been built by King John. 

Kineton to "Welle sbonrne Hastings (4| — 89^) ; leaving Kineton, 
there are two rather stiff hills to mount and then an extremely pretty road 
through Compton Yerney Park and Compton Verney, 87i, a mile beyond 
which is a very st'='^p and rather rough hill (Friz Hill) to ride down, and 
neari]ig Wellesbourne Hastings the road becomes very good. 

Wellesbourne Hastings to Stratford-upon-Avon (5 — 94 .\); 
by Alveston, 92^, and through Tiddington, 93, and Bridge Town, 94, is a 
good, fairly level road, with gravel surface, but in wet weather becomes soft 
and heavy : for the last 3»i, it runs close to B. Avon. 

On r. pass Charlecote Park. 

LONDON TO BRIDGENORTH (by Stourbridge). 

London to Alcester (100^) — p. 135. 
Alcester to Bromsgrove (13^ — 113f)— p. 125, 



137 

Bromsgrove to Stourbridge (9| — 1231) ; crossing tlic main street, 
a little to the r., keep straif^ht on through Bromsgrove, and then through 
Barnsley, 115f, Fortield, 116|, Gost, 117f, Hollow Cross, 118f, Clent, 119^, 
Ilaglej, 121, Pedmore, 121f , and Old Swinford, 122| ; there are several 
Btiff and loose hills to mount in the first half, in the rest nothing difficult ; 
otherwise good road. Through Stourbridge is macadam. 

(Stourhridgc: Bell; Talbot, C.T.C. ; Vine.) 

On r. is the ranj^'e of tlio Lickey llills ; on r. Hagley Park, and Hollow or 
Iloly Cross. 

Stourbridge to Bridgenorth (14 — 137t) ; through Stewponey, 
125f, Stourton, 1261 (cross Canal and R. Stour), Enville, 128f, Broad Oak, 
131^, and St. James's, 136^, where cross B. Severn; hilly road. Beturning, 
at St. James's turn first to r, then to I. 

vVt Stewponey, Im. on r., Prestwood Ho. ; on r. remains of Stoarton Castle; 
on I. Enville Hall j at Broad Oak on r. Gatacre Park. 

LONDON TO HOLYHEAD (by Coventry). 

(The old Parliamentary and mail coach road. This road after Dunstable 
to Daventry is not a favourable one for quick travelling, especially with a 
light machine.) 

London (General Post Office) to Highgate Archway (4^) ; wood 
pavement for |m. along Aldersgate Street, then granite paving with tram- 
way along Goswell road, past the " Angel " Islington, 1|, along High street 
and Upper street, a short distance down which the paving gives way to 
ordinary maeadam, and along Holloway road; the tramway extends to the 
Archway. There is a moderate rise up to the "Angel," otherwise level: 
heavy traffic for first l^m., and road generally bad for bicycling. At the 
*' Archway " Tavern, ^vi. before the Archway, keep to r., that to I. over the 
hill being the old road through Highgate town. 

Highgate Archway to Barnet (7 — 111) ; undulating road, with 
two rather stiff descents at East End Station, Sf, and past the St. Pancras 
Cemetery, to the " Green Man," Brown's Wells, 7, then undulating over 
Fmchley Common and through Whetstone, 9}, and Greenhill Cross, 1C4-, 
and a long stiff and rough ascent to Barnet ; the macadam continues, bad 
and shaky, to Finchley Common, then the road gradually improves, and is 
generally fair riding. 

{Whetstone: Bull and Butcher, C.T.C. — Barnet: King of Prussia; Old 
Salisbury; Red Lion ; Salisbury Arms, C.T.C — Chipping Barnet: Lion.) 

A short distance beyond the Archway, on Muswell Hill, Im. on r. Alexandra 
Palace. Just N. of Barnet on r. an obelisk marks the site of the last battle of 
the Wars of the Roses in 1471, when the Earl of Warwick was defeated and 
Blaiu. Barnet ch. was erected in 1400, and contains many old monuments. 

Barnet to St. Albans (9| — 20f); instead of taking the old road 
from Monken Hadley, and turning off at the Obelisk (which is not now 
much used and in bad condition) turn to left (second turning) in the middle 
of Barnet, ^m. before reaching the Obelisk, and a good road runs direct to 
South Mims, 14|, thus saving ^m. ; then the road continues good, with a 
long gradu.al rise to the top of Bi.dge Hill, 15f, the northern slope of which 
is a steep descent, generally somewhat rough and loose, and thence it is 
fairly good and nearly level through London Colney, 17f, to St. Albama, 
with a long hiU up into the middle of the town. 



138 

{South Minis : Green Man Inn; Wheatsheaf. — St. Allans: Bell Inn; Cock; 
Cross Keys; Crystal Palace, lf(?rs., rec. C.T. (7. ; George; Peahen.) 

2in. beyond Bamet on I. Derham Park; at London Colney on L, Colney Ho., 
on r. Tittenhanger Park. St. Albans is noted for its abbey ch., lately restored 
after being long in ruins. A short distance west of the town is the site, with 
some slight vestiges of the old Roman town of Verulamium. 

St. Albans to Dunstable (12^ — 331) '■> turn to r. a short distance 
l)ejond the cross streets in St. Albans, and out of the town there is a hill to 
descend, after which it is a capital smooth and gently undulating road, with 
two long gradual ascents through the villages of E-edbourn, 25, and Markyate 
Street, 29, followed by a long and steeper one — Spittol Hill — ^just before 
Dunstable, and a long gradual fall entering the town : red sandstone road. 
(Dunstable : Red Lion ; Saracen's Head, B.T.C. ; Sugar Loaf.) 
2m. out of St. Albans on L, Gorham Bury Park. At Dunstable, the Priory 
ch. is worth a visit ; 2m. distant on I., Totternhoe Castle, an extensive ancient 
British earthwork ; also near it Maiden or Madning Bower, a Roman camp. The 
chief manufacture of Dunstable is straw hats. 

Dunstable to Hockliffe (3| — 37) ; for 2m, the road continues good 
and chiefly on a slight fall to the other side of the chalk cutting, when the 
surface begins to be uneven and rough, and there is a stiff descent over a 
high embankment ; the rest level into Hockliffe. 

Hockliffe to Fenny Stratford (7| — 44|) ; long steep hill to mount 
out of Hockliffe, and the road continues rather hilly, but none of the 
gradients are steep, though there is a long and rough descent at Brickhill, 
43, hill up through Fenny Stratford : the surface is rather shaky for quick 
riding, and in places is very rough and lumpy, with many loose stones. 

Beyond Hockliffe, Im. on r., Battlesden Park. — {Fenny Stratford: Swan.) 

Fenny Stratford to Stoney Stratford {7\ — 52) through Shenley, 
485- ; hiilj road, but none of the gradients are steep, though some of them 
are long ; rough and shaky, and in places very rough and lumpy ; near 
Stoney Stratford is a sudden dip in the road which has a double row of 
flagstones on tlie left hand side of each ascent, like Reigate Hill. 
[Stoney Strafford : Bull; Cock Inn, C.T.C.; George Inn ; Plough.) 
2^m. W. of Shenley is Whaddon Hall ; a little farther, on r. Bradwell Abbey. 

Stoney Stratford to Towcester (7|— 59|) ; hill out of Stratford, 
to Old Stratford, 62|, and then there are two stiff and rough hills to 
Potterspury, 54f , and in the rest through Heatheucote, 58f , there is nothing 
difficult, but the road continues rough and bad the whole distance. 

(Towcester: Pomf ret Arms, rec. C.T.C.; Talbot.) 

At Potterspury on I., Whittlewood Forest and Wakefield Lodge ; on r. Grafton 
Park. At Heathencote 2>u. on r. Stoke Park. At Towcester on ?-., Easton Park 
and Mo. 

Towcester to Weedon (8— 67f ) ; imdulating and easy going to 
Foster's Booth, 621^, after which there are some long hills up and down, but 
nothing steep, to the top of the hill above Weedon tunnel, whence there is 
a capital long run down into Weedon : the surface is much better, but still 
inclined to be shaky and loose. 

{Weedon: Globe, C.T.C; Horse Shoe lun; New.) 

At Weedon, called also Weedou-on-the-Stieet, leave the old Roman VVatling 
Street which keeps straight on, on r. to Atherstone, &c., but it is not rideable f5r 
a bicycle for about lOnt. 



139 

Weedon to Daventry (4| — 72) ; leaving the former there is a lonr,- 
stiff ascent to climb past the railway and barracks, which most tourists wil\ 
walk up ; then it is a good up and down hill ride, with a stiff pull up into 
Daventry, which is situate on the top of a hill. 

(Daventry : Wheatsheaf, B.T.C) 

On I. 3m. distant, Fawsley Park, an old mansion. At Daventry, remains of 
a Clnniao Priory : near Daventry on r., Danes or Borough Hill, one of the largest 
encampments in England. 

Daventry to Dunchureh (7| — 79f ) ; short but rather steep descent 
going through and out of Daventry, followed by another hill to mount, then 
undulating but easy going to Braunston, 74f , into which there is a long 
stiff descent; thence through Willoughby, 76^, is nearly level, with a stiff 
ascent into Dunchureh : capital surface : the last 2«i. under a fine avenue 
of trees. 

{Dunchureh: Crown; Dun Cow, C.T.C.) 

At Braunston, handsome ch. and a curious stone cross. 

Dunchureh to Ryton (6| — 86|) ; the road leaves the former village 
on a slight descent beneath a long avenue of fir trees, and then it traverses 
Dunsmore Heath to Frog Hall, 8-if, and on by Knightlow Cross or Hill, 85, 
to Ryton, where there is a hill to descend, the first part steep and usually 
rough ; otherwise excellent road. 

{Ryton : Bull and Butcher.) 

At Frog Hall the road crosses the old Roman Fosse Way, and a short distance 
on I. is Stretton-on-Dunsmore. At Eyton, or Eyton-on-Dunsmore, 2m. on r. 
Brandon Castle. 

Ryton to Coventry (4^ — 91) ; about a mile beyond Eyton, at the 
bridge over B. Avon, the Southam road joins in, and it is gently undulating 
through Willenhall, 88^, and over Whitley Bridge, 88f : excellent going a^ 
first for 1 or 2m., but the latter part is macadam, rough and bumpy, which 
continues through Coventry : here the street is rather narrow as far as the 
cross roads, then there is a longish but gradual fall down Smithford street, 
ftt the bottom or which the traveller will see the words " Holyhead Road," 
directing him up a short rise out of the town. 

{Covenirij : (Jraven Aims ; George, ii(^rs.; Kenilworth Castle; King's Head; 
Knight's; Lord Nelson; Pitt's Head ; Queen's, (7,T.C.) 

Coventry may be called the headquarters of bicycle manufacturing, and a 
visit to some of the great bicycle works will prove of interest to the tourist. 
The chief buildings are St. Michael's ch., Trinity ch., St. John's ch., St. Mary's 
Hall, &c. ; the town was once surrounded by a wall 3m. in circuit, which waa 
pulled down by Charles II. At Whitley Bridge on I., Whitley Abbey. 

Coventry to Stone Bridge (8| — 99|) ; after mounting the rise out 
of Coventry, it is a level road to Allesley, 93|-, over rather shaky macadam, 
but good riding can generally be had at the sides ; thence it is a capital 
smooth road, chiefly on a gentle rise for the next 3m., with a good stiff 
descent into Meriden, 97i, and the rest undulating. 

On L, Allesley Park and Meriden Park; just before Stone Bridge on r, 
Packington Hall, (Earl of Aylesford). Near Meriden is an obelisk said to be in 
the exact centre of England. 

Stone Bridge to Birmingham (9f — 109^) ; good undulating road, 
but not quite so smooth as the last stage, through Wells Green, 103|, to 
Yardley, 106|, then rough and shaky macadam into and through the town: 



140 

ihort stiff descent at Bordesley, 107|-, a suburb of Birmingham, and a steep 
hill to mount at the Bull Ring, in the town : New street, running nearly 
east and west, is the central thoroughfare of Birmingham. 

(Birmingham: Grand, C.T.C.; Kind's Head; Midland; Queen's; Swan.) 
Before Wells Green on I., Elmdon Hall. Birmingham, the metropolis of the 
Midlands, is celebrated for its manufactures of hardware, guns, plated metals, and 
other kindred objects. The appearance of the town in general is mean, though it has 
of late years been much improved, and has some fine buildings ; it is very smoky and 
dirty. For a town it is very hilly and bicyclists had best give it a wide berth. 

Birmingham to Wolverhampton (131 — 122|) ; leave the former 
by the suburb of Soho, llOy, and then through Soho street, lllf, and 
Sandwell Green, 112|-, to West Bromwich, 114|-; a mile beyond this keep 
to r., and by Wednesbury, 117i-, Moxley, 118^, and Bilston, 119f ; it is a 
macadam road, and very bad for bicycling, being extremely rough and full 
of holes ; tramway laid, and heavy traffic. [From "West Bromwich there 
is another road to Bilston, keeping to I. a mile beyond the former, and 
through Great Bridge and Horsley Heath, ^m. longer.] 

(Wednesbury: Dartmouth. — Bilston: Lion; PipeHall, C.T.C.', Queen's Arms. 
—Wolverhampton : Commercial Exchange ; Corn Exchange ; Coach and Horses, 
C.T.C; Peacock; Star and Garter ; Swan.) 

This is a most undesirable road to travel, being through the middle of the 
"Black Country; " the better way is to go by railway which runs parallel to the 
road all the way. The country is more or less a desert of blasted fields and 
furnace heaps, varied by a succession of dirty and dingy towns and villages, 
intermixed with furnaces and manufactories of all kinds. Just before West 
Bromwich on r., Sandwell Hall. At Soho is Messrs. Boulton & Watts' extensive 
manufactory of engines, plated goods, &o., one of the largest in the world. 
Wednesbury is of great antiquity, and its ch. is supposed to have been built in 
the 8th century; here also are traces of a Saxoa fori;. 

Wolverhampton to Shifnal (12-^—135); after leaving Wolver. 
hampton keep to r., and it is a good road, being level or downhill for about 
Ifm. through Tettenhall, 124^, then Tettenhall Rocks to climb, a stiff 
ascent of lm.,—16 ft. in the lOO— (best walked doimi on the reverse journey); 
from the top is a fairly level and good road by the Wergs, 125|- (l^m. 
beyond keep to l), and through Boninghall (or Boningale), 129|, and 
Upton 134i. 

(Shiffnall • Jemingham Arms, B.T.C. ; Star.) 

At the Wergs on L, Wrottesley Park, and farther on Pat?! ill Park ; on r. 2m 
o5, Chillington Park. In Shiffnall ch. is a monument to one Wni. Wakely who is 
Baid to have lived to 124 years of age. 

Shifnal to Watling Street (6-^— 141^); through Priors Lee, 138. 
find past Ketley Iron Works, 140f, is a bad road. [At Watling Street the 
town of Wellington lies a short distance oil: on right ; £ — 142|.] 
(Wellington: Charlton Arms, B.T.C. ; Wrckin.) 

Beyond Shifnal on r., Haughton Hall and Priorslce Hall; nearly 2m. beyond 
the Watling street again joins the road. 2m. S. of Wellington is the Wrekiu hill, 
on which is an ancient fortification, and embracing an e:?tensivo view. 

Watling Street to Shrewsbury, Town Hall QIA — 153); over 
Tern Bridge, 148^^, and Atcham Bridge, 149, where cross the B. Severn, then 
turn to r. and past Lord Hill's column, 151f ; the road gradually declines 
most of the M'ay to AtQham Bridge, apd being made "with Mpui^t Sprrel 



141 

stone lias a splendid smooth surface and is always dry : enter Shrewsbury 
through the subui'b of Abbey Foregate and over the It. Severn by English 
Bridge. 

Shrewsbury to Holyhead (106|— 259f)— pp. 126-8* 

LONDON TO ST. ALBANS (by Edgware), 

Xiondon to Edgware (8) — p. 129. 

Edgware to Elstree (3—11) ; the road continues lumpy and uphill 
through Little Stanmore (keeping to r. at the sign-post l»i. beyond 
Edgware) for l^i??-., then up Brockley Hill, 10, and another hill going up 
into Elstree, both stiff ascents, the crown of each being almost unrideable : 
tolerably good road. 

{Elstree : Plough ; Red Lion.) 

Beyond Edgware on I., Canon's Park. At Brockley Hill on r., have been 
discovered Roman remains. 

Elstree to St. Albans (8| — 19f) ; downhill leading out of Elstree, 
then hilly, but good give-and-take road through Cobden Hill, Radlet, 14, 
Colney Street, 16i, Park Street, 17i-, and St. Stephen's ; there is a loose 
rough hill at Park Street, and a very steep hill — Holywell Hill — to mount 
into St. Albans, otherwise capital surface. 

On r. Kendall Hall, Old Organ Hall, and Old Park Bury. 

LONDON TO TOWCESTER (by Buckingliam). 

London to Buckingham (55^) — p. 130. 

Buckingham to Towcester (10| — 66); through Maid's Moreton, 
56|, Akeley, 68, Lillingston Dayrell, 59^, across Whittlewood Forest and 
through Whittlebury, 62|, is hilly but an indifferent road ; in dry weather 
it is lumpy, and the least rain makes it very soft and heavy. 

LONDON TO STONE BRIDGE (by Banbury). 

London to Banbury (73)— p. 131. 

Banbury to Gaydon — or Gaydon Inn, (10—83) ; keep straight on 
through Banbury, then first turn to I., and through Neithrop, 73^, after 
which is a gentle rise for about a mile, the road being very smooth, then it 
is level and a fairly good road, running along the ridge of a hill to 
"Warmington, 78, where is a long and very steep hill to descend, which 
requires great caution, the first part being crooked ; from the bottom it is 
almost level, one or two short but sharp falls excepted, but most of it 
rough and rutty to Gaydon. 

Gaydon to Warwick (9 — 92) ; the road is undulating and rather 
rough for nearly 2rii., when there is a short winding descent, after which 
it is almost level for 3m., passing Harwood House, 86i, and the surface 
having changed to gravel, is very good and smooth all the way to Warwick ; 
the last 4?u. are hilly but nothing difficult, there being 4 descents and 2 
aecents, with another stiEE PuU entering Warwick. 

[Or to WdUihovA-TW Hastings, 89| — p. 136; thence through Barford, 



142 

93|, where cross B. Avon, and Longbridge, 94^, to WarwicJc, 96^; level 
road except sharp ascent to Warwick ; gravel surface and splendid going.] 
At Warwick, on r. to Leamington, (2| — 94^) ; a first rate broad and 
level road, smooth as asphalt. For Leamington, see p. 144. Bells are 
compulsory in Leamington. 

(Wariviclc: Crown ; Globe ; Warwick_Arins ; Woolpack, CT.C.) 
At Harwood's Ho. the old Roman Fosse'Way crosses the road. Pretty country. 
Before Warwick, on I., Warwick Park. Warwick, on the R. Avon, is supposed to 
be of Saxon origin, and was formerly a walled town. St. _Mary's ch. is erected 
over the site of one of the old gates, with the carriage way passing beneath it ; 
contains many interesting monuments and a beautiful lady chapel, dating froni 
1443. Leicester's hospital is a fine specimen of old half-timbered house. The 
castle is on I. entering the town ; the interior is splendidly adorned, and there is 
a valuable collection of paintings, ancient armour, and the Warwick vase, &c. 

Warwick to Kenilworth (6| — 97^) ; at the top of the hill in 
Warwick, turn to r., through the gateway under the ch., when there is a 
short descent, and at the end of the street keep to I. past the station ; the 
road is a little hilly, chiefly on the rise through Guy's Cliff, 93, and Leek 
Wotton, 96, and is only indifferent going; loose and dusty in dry weather. 

{Kenilwonh: Globe, Hqrs.; King's Arms, CT.C) 

On I., nearly half-way, on Blacklow Hill, is Gaveston'e Cross, where Piers 
Gaveston was beheaded in 1312 : on r. romantic seat of Guy's Cliff. Kenilworth 
is noted for the remains of its magnificent castle, built in the reign of Henry 1., 
and chiefly remarkable as belonging to the favourite of Elizabeth, the Earl of 
Leicester. It now belongs to the Earl of Clarendon, and is open to visitors at a 
email fee. There are also remains of an abbey. 

Kenilworth to Stone Bridge (8| — 106) ; keep to I. out of Kenil- 
worth, and in the next 2 or 3m. there are several stiff rises, rather loose and 
stony, then a long gradual ascent and the remainder is level past George- 
in-the-Tree (or Wootton Green), 101|-, and Moulding Bridge, 105: on the 
whole it is a good and easy road, but loose and stony in places. 

Oa r., beyond George-in-the-Tree, are Berkswell Ho. and Meercot Hall. 

LONDON TO COVENTRY (by Banbury). 

London to Banbury (73) — p. 131. 

Banbury to Southam (13| — 86f ) ; keep straight on through 
Banbury, and at the fork just outside the town ; nearly a mile beyond is a 
stiff hill to mount, then almost level for 2 or oin. through Little Bourton, 
75, after which it is hilly through Mollington, 77|, and for about 4:m. beyond 
but more down than up ; several of the falls are steep but nothing 
dangerous, the last of any moment being over the canal bridge at 81j/n., 
near Fenny Compton; then it is level for some distance, and after a little 
more uphill, the last 2hn. are on a gradual slope through Ladbroke, 84f , 
to Southam : easier going to Southam than coming the contrary direction: 
good surface throughout. 

(Southam: Bull, CT.C) 

Southam to Princethorpe (6| — 93) ; stiff hill to mount going out 
of Southam, followed by a descent, then nearly level (except sharp fall over 
a canal bridge at Long Itchington, 88f), through Marton, 91^, 

(Princethorpe : Three Horse Shoes.) 

At Priuoethorpe cross the old Romaa Fosse Way. 



143 

Princethorpe to Coventry (6| — 99^) ; mostly uphill for first 2m., 
then a succession of descents to the junction with the Holyhead road at 
the Avon Bridge, 96j, from which it is gently undulating through 
Willenhall, 97|, and over Whitley Bridge, 98 : good road for half the 
distance, and the latter part macadam, rough and bumpy into Coventry. 

At the Avon Bridge, Im. on I., Baginton Hall; and beyond, Stoneleigh Park 
and Abbey. 

LONDON TO BIRMINGHAM (by Warwick). 

London to "Warwick (92) — p. 141. 

Warwick to Solihull {l^ — 105^) ; keep straight on in Warwick, 
and then through Hatton, 95, Wroxall, 98, Bedlams End 99^, Chadwick 
End, 100, Henfield, lOli, Rotten Row, 102, and Knowle, 102|, is a moderate 
not over good road, being loose and rough in placeF. 

(Solihull : George; Saddler'8 Arms. — Knowle : Greewolde Arms, B.T.C.) 
On I. Wroxall Abbey ; Im. on r. Camp Ho. ; before Solihull, on I., Malvern 
Hall and Langdon Hall. 

Solihull to Birmingham (71— 112f) ; through Ulverley, 107i 
Acock's Green, 108^, Greet or Greet Bridge, llOJ, and Spark Brook, 111:^, 
is a fair road to the latter place, then macadam, and shortly after join the 
Coventry road. 

LONDON TO BIRMINGHAM (by Henley-in-Arden). 

London to Stratford-upon-Avon (92|)— p. 131. 

Stratford-upon-Avon to Henley-in-Arden (8 — 100|), through 
Hard wick, 95^, past Bearley Cross, 96^, and through Wootten Wawen, 98|, 
where turn to r., and also |>?^. farther on; good undulating road. 
(Henley-in-Arden : Bear, rec. C.T.C; Hen and Chickens.) 
Beyond Stratford, on r., Clopton Ho. ; at Bearley Cross, on r., Edstone Hall : 
on r. Wootton Hall, At Henley is an ancient market cross. " Arden" wa3 the 
name of the forest that formerly overspread the district. 

Henley-in-Arden to Birmingham (15^ — 115f ) ; about 2m. out of 
Henley is the steep ascent of Liveridge Hill, with good surface, thence 
undulating by " Hockley House " Inn, 105^, Box Trees, 106^, Monksford 
(or Monkspath) Street, 107i, Shirley Street, llOi, Six Way, 111, and Hall 
Green, 112, to Spark Brook, 114:^, where the macadam begins. [From 
Wootton Wawen there is another road, keeping to I. about ■^. beyond it, 
and through TJllenhall Street, Ullenhall Cross, Bramstone Cross, by Forshaw 
Park, over Trumans Heath, Kings JSTorton Heath, by Holly Wood,»Lanf 
End, and Moseley : distance nearly the same.] 

Beyond Henley, on L, Beaudesert Park: before Hockley Ho., Im. on L,' 
Umbersdale Park. 

LONDON TO WOLVERHAMPTON (by Alcester). 

London to Stourbridge (123i)— p. 137. 

Stourbridge to Wolverhampton' (9| — 133); in the middle of 
Stourbridge is a moderate fall, near the bottom of which an open line of 
rails crosses the road ; long stiff rise out of the town over macadam, which 



144 

continues througti Wordesley, 125; tlien it gives way to ordinary flint road 
but not very good, and it is pretty level tln-ough Himley, 12 7f, and 
Wombourn, 129, to Upper Penn, 130|, where there is a steep stony descent, 
and after a short rise the rest is level and macadam into Wolverhampton. 
On r. Himley Park, and about a mile farther Wood Ho. and Lloyd Ho. 

LONDON TO WARWICK (by Soutliam). 

London to Daventry (72)— p. 139. 

Daventry to Southam (10—82) ; in Daventry take second turn to 
I., and it is a good hard road ; Staverton, 73f , is reached up a long winding 
hill, with a descent on the other side ; the rest is undulating through Lower 
Shuckburgh, 77j, but nothing difficult for an ordinary rider. 

On Stavertou, Im. on Z., Catesby Parkj farther, Newbold Grounds and 
Shuckburgh Park. 

Southam to Leamington (7 — 89) ; Im. out of Southam is a stecpish 
fall, then nearly all uphill to tjfton, 84|, from which there is a long descent, 
sharp at first with a curve; thence two more stiff pulls alternate with easy 
riding through Eadford Semele, 87^, and Leamington Priors, 88f . 

{Leamington: Angel, B.T.C., Hqrs.; Avenue; Bath; Clarendon; Manor 
House; Regent; Warwick Arms.) OU^OcSn -t^ . '/^ yv.^^y, -, 

At Radford, on r., Offchurch Bury, a fine old mansion. Leamington, or more 
correctly called, Leamington Priors, fifty or sixty years ago was a village ; it is one 
of the most important inland spas or watering places of England. The springs 
are chifly saline. Bells are compulsory at Leamington. 

Leamington to Warwick (2| — 91^) is a first rate broad and level 
road, smooth as asphalte. 

LONDON TO KENILWORTH (by Daventry). 

London to Leamington (89)— above. 

Leamington to Kenilworth (4 — 93) is a good but very undulating 
road by Blakedon Hill and over Chesford Bridge, 91|- {B. Avon). Pretty 
country. 

On r., at Chesford Bridge, 2m. distant^ is Stoneleigh Abbey, and beyond, 
Stoneleigh Park. 

LONDON TO STOUEBEIDGE (by Birmingham). 

London to Birmingham (109]-) — p. 139. 

Birmingham to Halesowen (7f^-117) by the Black Boy Inn, 
114^, is a good road after first 3m. 

Before Halesowen, on I., Leaseowes ; beyond, Halesowen Abbey. Pretty 
country. On r. Warley Abbey. 

Halesowen to Stourbridge (4^ — 121^) ; through Cradley, 119, and 
The Lye, 120|, is a pretty good road. 

LONDON TO HOLYHEAD (by Chester). 

London to Stonebridge (99|)— p. 139. 

Stonebridge to Coleshill (4 — 103^) j turning to r. there are tlu-fo 



145 

short biifc very loose and stony rises in the first mile, and on the last the 
road forks, here keep to r. and it is level and good to Coleshill ; steep and 
stony descent in the main street of Coleshill. 

(Coleshill : Swan.) 

At Coleshill, Im. on r., Maxstoke Castle and Park and ruins of Maxstoke 
Priory ; on I. Coleshill Park. 

Coleshill to Bassets Pole (8 — 111^) ; about ^. out of Coleshill 
the right hand road must be taken, tip a steep, rugged and stony hill, 
impossible to ride up and dangerous to ride down ; this is shortly followed 
by a moderate and smooth©!' fall, then the road is almost level, but bad in 
places on account of the coal traffic, over Curdworth Bridge, 105^, [B. Tame) 
and a mile beyond, over the Birmingham Canal to Wishaw, 107f , from here 
(leaving the Fazeley road on r. at the guide post, and afterwards bearing 
first to r. and then to I. twice) it is chiefly a succession of long gi^adual 
inclmes for about 2m., the last part rather stiff, then after a little level, a 
good run down, again a rise and level to the cross roads at Bassets Pole ; 
from Wishaw the surface is not so good, there are many loose and stony 
patches, and the country is cheerless, lonely and moorlike . 

At Curdworth Bridge, Im. on r., Hams Hall ; at Wishaw, on r., Moxhull HalL 
At Bassets Pole cross the Birmingham to Tamworth road. 

Bassets Pole to Lichfield (7 — 118^) ; the road soon improves and 
from Canwell, 112, there is a grand run down, nearly continuous all the way 
to Weeford, 114|, with capital smooth surface, and the rest, except a short 
pull up, is fairly level with good smooth surface, through Swinfen, II63- 
where turn to r. and afterwards to I. ; macadam through Lichfield. 

(Lichfield : George ; Swan.) 

On r. Canwell Hall and Swinfen Hall. At Weeford, on I., Thickbroom Manor. 
Lichfield is of great antiquity, and close to is the supposed site of the Roman 
station of Etocetum at Wall on the Watling Street. The cathedral is a fine early 
English building, and is worth an inspection. Dr. Johnson was a native of the 
town, also Addison and Garrick. 

Lichfield to E-ugeley (7^ — 126) ; shortly after leaving Lichfield, 
there is a sharp descent, upon which the road divides and the left hand 
fork must be taken ; the road is good through Longdon Green, 121f , and 
Longdon, 122|, then a stiff ascent over Brereton Hill and a good run down 
through Brereton, 124|, to Rugeley. [There is another road by keeping 
sharp to r. at the above-mentioned divide, and up a slight hill ; then the 
road winds round to I. again with an easy gradient, and at the next fork 
the left hand road must be taken, and at Handsacre, 124, again keep to I. 
through Armitage, 124|, and after a descent join the other road just before 
Rugeley ; it is a mile longer, but better and not so hilly.] 

(Rugeley : Shrewsbury Arms.) 

On r. pass Elmhurst Hall, Lissways Hall, and Armitage Park. At Longdon, 
Im. on L, Beaudesert Park, in which is Castle Hill, an ancient encampment ; at 
Rugeley, on I., Hagley Park. On the I. Cannock Chase stretches the whole way, 
formerly covered with oaks. 

Rugeley to Stafford (9| — 135f) is a fair undulating road by 

Wolseley Bridge, 128i- (where keep to I.), Milford, 132, and Weeping Cross, 

] 33f ; the road runs alongside the B. Trent, and afterwards the B. Sow. 

(Stafford : North Western ; Pine, Hqrs. ; Railway Junction ; Swan ; Vine.) 

On r. Wolseley Hall ; further on Shugborough, on I. Brockton Hall. Stafford 

was foi'merly walled, but the walls were demolished by Cromwell. It haa two 

L 



146 

Iknoient churclieB. S, of the town are the remains of the Castle, and beyond it, 
Bury Eing, an old fortified hill. 

Stafford to Eccleshall (7— 142f) through Great Bridgeford, 139, 
and Walton, 140f . 

(Eccleshall : Crown ; King's Arms ; Royal Oak.) 

At Eccleshall the Castle, erected in 1310, and now the Episcopal residence. 

Eccleshall to Woore (12| — 155^), through Pershall, 144|, Croxton, 
146, Broughton, 148, Mucklestou (or Muxton), 151|, Knighton, 153|, and 
Dorrington, 154^. 

On r. Broughton Hall. 

Woore to Nantwich (9 — 164^) through Bridgemore, 157?, 
Walgherton, 1601^, and Stapeley, 162. 

{Nantwich : Crown, Hqrs. ; Lamb; Swan Inn, Hqrs.) 

At Bridgemore, on L, Doddington Park. Nantwich is in the centre of the 
Cheshire salt district. 

Nantwich to Tarporley (9 — 173^) through Acton, 166^, Hurleston, 
166i, Wardle (or Barbridge), 167f, and Highway Side (or Albraham), 170i, 
Tileton Fernall, 171i, and Tiresford, 172^. 

{Tarporley : Swan ; 2m. off, Tollemache Arms.) 

At Tilston, 2m. on I., the ruins of Beeston Castle, (erected 1220) ; past 
Barbridge on r. Calveley Hall ; further, Tilston Lodge ; at Tarporley, Eaton Banks. 

Tarporley to Tarvin (4^— 177^) through Clotton, 175, and 
Duddon, 176. 

Tarvin to Chester (6 — 183^) ; turn to I. in Tarvin, and up a 
slight ascent, over bad ground ; on the other side of tlie hill the road 
improves, and is good over Stamford Bridge, 179, and by Vicar's Cross, 
180f , to within 2m. of Chester, and the rest is rough through Boughton, 
182|; entering the town, cross a bridge and turn to r. for Higli street,. 
which is roughly paved with cobble stones. 

(Chester : Grosvenor ; Liverpool Arms ; Queen.) 

Chester is an old-fashioned place, surrounded by walls, which, with the Rowfs 
are most strikiug to a stranger. Some of the houses are built on excavations in 
ihe rook. The castle is said to have been erected by William I. ; St. Werbm-gh's 
Abbey and St. John's ch., are supposed to have been founded in the 7th century. 
The cathedral was built in the 15th century. 

Chester to Broughton (5 — 188|) ; turn to I. in the middle of 
Chester and cross the E. Dee, then through Handbridge, 184|, and Bretton, 
188, the road is very hilly but very good, though heavy after rain. 

At Handbridge, 3m. on I., Eaton Hall, the magnificent seat of the Duke of 
Westminster. 

Broughton to Hawarden (2 — 190o) ; keep to r. past the railway, 
and the road continues good. 

On I. pass Broughton Hall and Havrardon Castle, the latter the residence of 
Mr. W. E. Gladstone. On the other side of the town are the ruius of the old castle. 

Hawarden to Northop (5 — 195^) through EayIoo, 193. 
On r. pass the ruius of Ewloe Castle. 

Northop to Holywell (6|— 202) through Halkin, 198i, anr' 
Pentre Halkin, 199. 

(Holyxvell : Red Lion.) 

At Holywell, Im. on r., Basingwerk Abbey ; there is a line of ancient fortifi 



147 

cation running N.E. from the town and known as Watts Dyke. The town derives 
its name from St. Winifred's Wells, formerly of repute in the cure of diseases. 

Holywell to St. Asaph (10—212) ; about 2im. out of Holywell, at 
the fork at the bottom of a descent, keep to L, and at Travellers' Inn, 207|, 
to r. ; a moderate road with one fearful hill to cross. 

(St. Asaph : Kinnel Arms ; Mostyn Arms, B.T.C. ; Plough.) 

Beyond Travellers' Inn (or Brick Kiln) 2m. on I., Brynbella. St. Asaph is an 

ancient but small town ; a see was founded here about 540, and the present 

cathedral is one of the smallest in England or Wales. Pretty scenery. 3m. S. 

Llannerch Park, Wigfair, Ffynnon-y-Capel, and Cefn, where there are some caves. 

St. Asaph to Abergele (7—219) ; after crossing the B. Elwy, there 
is a long rise to mount over Rose Hill, then it is a good road, downhill 
nearly all the way but nothing difficult, by Cross Foxes, 215, and through 
St. George or Llan-St. Sior, 216f. 

(Abergele : Bee ; Cambrian.) 

On r. pass Bodlewyddan Castle and Kinmel Hall. At St. George, on L., 
Parc-y-Meirch, an old hill fort, and another called Castle Cann, I. of Abergele, 
near which at Cefn-yr-Oge are some stalactite caverns. Abergele is much 
frequented for its bathing in summer. 

Abergele to Conway (llf — 230f) ; rather hilly road through 
Llandulas, 221^, Colwyn, 224^, and Mochtre, 228^ ; on the whole not a 
good road, at Colwyn it is simply execrable for about a mile, and beyond 
that is very rough and dusty ; cross B. Conway before entering the town, 
the railway also crossing alongside by a tubular bridge. 

Before crossing to Conway, on r. to Llandudno, 3m., not a good road and 
a nasty little hill to cross 

(Cohvyn: Bankes; Colwyn T!ay; Station, ^.T.C ; Pwllycrochan. — Llandudno: 
Adelphi ; Imperial; Prince of Wales; Queen; Eoyal. — Conway : Castle; Castl© 
View ; Erskine ; George.) 

Beyond Abergele on I. Gwrych Castle. The road runs by the sea nearly the 
whole distance. Conway, or Aber-Conway, was formerly surrounded by walls, 
of which most of the towers and four gateways remain. There are remains of a 
magnificent castle erected by Edward I. 

Conway to Aber (9^—2391) ; following the coast it is an excellent 
road by Pont Lychnant (or Pendyffryn), 233, to beyond Penmaenmawr, 235^, 
when a long, rough and very stiff ascent has to be climbed over the head- 
land of that name, followed by a long steep hill to descend on the other sido 
and through Llanfau^fechan, 237f , the road becomes very indifferent, but 
is fairly level. 

{Aher : Bulkley Arms, B.T.C) 

At Aber on r., across the bay, is Beaumaris. 

Aber to Bangor (5| — 245) ; through Talybont, 242f , and Llandegai. 
243^, is an indifferent road, very hard, but no hills; long narrow street 
through Bangor. 

Bangor to Holyhead (24—269)— p. 128. 

LONDON TO CHESTER (by Malpas). 

London to Wolverhampton (122^) — ^p. 140. 

Wolverhampton to Newport (t7| — 140i) ; after leaving Wolver- 
hampton keep to r., and it is a good road, level or downhill, for about l|m^ 

l2 



148 

througli Tettenhall, 124|, tlien Tettenhall Eocks to climb, a stiff ascent of 
■| a mile — 16 ft. in the 100 — (best walked down on the reverse journey); 
from the top is a fairly level and good road for l^m., past The Wergs, 125f , 
where take the right hand fork, and it is a good road, with one or two 
hills, through Albrighton, 130f, Tong, 132, King Street, 136, Bloomsbury, 
136f, and Woodcote, 137i. 

(Newport: King's Arms ; Victoria.) 

Beyond Tettenhall on I., Wrottesley Hall. At Albrighton, 2m. onr., Chilling- 
ton Park. At Tong, Tong Castle ; on r. 2m., Boscobel House, with the Royal Oak 
where Charles II. took refuge after his defeat at Worcester. 2^m. beyond Tong, 
cross the old Roman VVatling Street (Holyhead road), which runs in a straight 
line E. and W. for many miles ; on r. Weston Park. At Woodcote, 2m. on L, 
ruins of Lilleshall Abbey, and near it Lilleshall Hall. 

Newport to Tern Hill (12 — 152|) ; excellent road through 
Chetwynd, 141f, Stanford Bridge, 144|, Himstock, 146 (where keep to I.), 
Bhakeford, 148^, and Sutton Heath, 150^. 

On I. Chetwynd Park and Stanford Hall. At Newport on r. Aqualate Hall. 

Tern Hill to Whitchurcli (9— 161i); through Bletchley, 153|, 
Sandford, 156y, and Great Ash, 159f , is not so good as the last stage. 

(Whitchurch: Fox and Goose ; Victoria.) 

At Sandford 2m. on I., Hawkstone, a beautifully situated mansion, with ruins 
of Red Castle. Whitchurch has a handsome ch., in which are several eflfigies of 
the Talbots. 3m. on r., Combermere Abbey. 

Whitdiurch to Malpas (5—1665^); good road over Grindley Bridge, 
163^ (keep to I.), and through Bradley, 165. 

Malpas to Handley (7i — 173|); first-rate road through Hampton, 
169f, Broxton, 170]-, and Barnhill, 171^. 

[From Grindley Bridge there is another road, on 7-.,by Bell-on-the-Hi]l, 
164^, and ISTo Man's Heath, 166^, to Hampton ; same distance.] 

At Hampton, 3m. on r., Cholmondeley Castle. At Barnhill, Im. on r.. Boles- 
worth Castle. At Bi'oxton, on I., Carden Hall. 

Handley to Chester (7f — 181]) ; first-rate road thro^^gh Milton 
Green, 174|-, over Golbourn Bridge, 174|^, and through Higher Hatton, 176|, 
to Boughton, 180, then rough ; entering Chester cross a bridge and turn to 
r. for High street, which is roughly paved with cobble :.cones. 

Beyond Handley, 3m. on L, Eaton Hall, the magnificeiit seat of the Duke of 
Westminster. 

LONDON TO DENBIGH. 

London to Chester (181^) — above. 
Chester to Broughton (5— 186^)— p. 146. 

Bronghton to Mold (7^— 193|) ; keep to I. when past the railway, 

and it is a very hilly but good road. 

(Mold: Black Lion; Boar's Head ; Royal Oak ; Star, 5. T.C.) 

Mold is a small neat town ; the ch. contains some fine monuments. On the 

hill, Moel Fammau, 4m. W. is the tower erected on the jubilee of George III. 

Mold to TTannereh (6 — 199f) is a good road, following up the course 
of the B. Alyn and Afon Wheeler, but not very hilly. 

The railway runs alongside the road all the way from Mold to Denbigh. 
Beyond Mold on I. Rhual, and on v., Gwysaney Hall. Bcfory Naimcrcli ou {,, 
Penbedw ; oa r., Plas Cilcen. 



149 

IsTannerch to Bodfary (o| — 205) is a similar kind of road tlirough 
Ysceifiog, 201^. 

2m. N. of Bodfary is Bryn Bella. 

Bodfary to Denbigh (4i— 209^) ; over Pont Ryffytid, 206 (E. Clwyd), 
sliortly after which take the left hand road. 

(Deyihirjh : BnU^Ji. T.C.i Croyvn.) 

Denbigh is pleasantly situated on au eminence in the f ale of Clwyd, and 
overlooked by the ruins of the castle, founded in the reign of Edward I., and 
formerly of immense strength. The old town walls are still standing. Beyond 
Denbigh is Gwaenynog, the seat of the Middletons, one of whom was the Sir 
Hugh Myddleton who brought the New River into London. 

LONDON TO ST. ASAPH (by Mold). 

London to Bodfary (205)— above. 

Bodfary to St. Asaph (5i— 210|) ; over Pont Eylfydd, 206 
{U. Clwyd), shortly after which keep to r. and by Trefnant Station and 
over the B. Elwy ; it is a good road. 

Beyond Trefnant, on r., Llannerch ; on I., Ffynnon-y-Capel, Wigfair, and Cefn, 
lioar which are some caves on the banks of B. Elwy. 

LONDON TO ST. ASAPH (by Eiitliin). 

London to Stratford-upon-Avon (92^) — p. 131. 

Stratford-upon-Avon to Llangollen (94|^— 187i)— pp. 125-7. 
[The shortest way is by Coventry to Shrewsbury (153?u.) — p. 140 ; 
thence to Llangollen (30— 183)— pp. 126-7] 

Llangollen to Ruthin (13| — 200f) ; cross I?. Dee, and at Pentre- 
felin, 188|, leave the main valley and proceed up the Yalle Crucis and past 
the ruins of the Abbey and Eliseg's Pillar, shortly after which the road 
ascends the long hill of Bwlch, and after going down the farther side there 
is some more hill work, and then enter the vale of Clwyd, and the last 5 or 
6m. are more or less downhill through Llanfair-Dyffryn-Clwyd, 198^; the 
road crosses the mountains and is dreadfully bad, being nothing more than 
a bridle-path, up and down hill, and necessitates a deal of walking. 
Beautiful scenery. 

(Ruthin: Castle, B.T.C. ; Cross Keys ; George House; Wynnstay Arms.) 
Ruthin stands on a hill, and took its rise and name from the old castle 
(the Red Castle), built in the reign of Edward I., but which no longer exists, the 
Bite being occupied by a modern building, There was formerly a convent here, 
the choir of which is now represented by the parish ch. 

Ruthin to Denbigh (8— 208|) through Llanrhaiadr, 205^. 

Denbigh to St. Asaph (5| — 214) is a very good bit of road. 2}n. 
before St. Asaph, cross B. Elwy. 

Beyond Denbigh on I., Plas Heaton ; further on Ffynnon-y-Capel, Wigfair, 
and Cefn, near which are some caves on banks of E. Elwy. Onr. Llannerch Park. 

LONDON to CONWAY (by Llangollen). 

London to Llangollen [187i) — above. 

Llangollen to Bettws-y-Coed (32f— 220)— pp. 127-8. 



ir.o 

[The shortest way is by Coventry to Llangollen (183) — p. 149 ; thence to 
Bettws-y-Coed (32f— 215f).] 

Bettws-y-Ooed to Llanrwst (3^ — 223|) ; cross the H. Llugwy over 
Pont-y-Pair, and follow down the Conway Yalley, by the left bank of the river; 
for 3m.. the road runs through a wood, twists a good deal and has several sharp 
ups and downs, with a rutty surface, to Gwydir, 223, where turn to r. and 
cross R. Conway to Llanrwst. 

[Another road is, to keep to the r. \m. before Bettws-y-Coed and follow 
down the r. bank of the R. Conway. There is also a shorter way by taking 
the right hand road at Pentre Yoelas, 212f, and going direct to Llanrwst, 
217^, but the road is more hilly]. 

{Llanrwst : Eagles and Cwyder Arms ; Victoria.) 

Llanrwst is situate in the midst o* charming scenery, and is a favorite resort 
of tonxists, artists, and anglers. 

Llanrwst to Conway (13 — 236 1) ; keep to the road on the right side 
of the river which is much the better one, and with but one hill; it goes by 
Tal-y-Cafn, 230^ and through Llansantffraid-glan- Conway, 233|-, joining the 
Chester road a mile further on. [For the other road down the left hand or 
Conway side of the river, instead of turning to r. for Llanrwst, keep straigh;^ 
on at Gwydir, 223 ; the road now improves, being through a little more open 
country, to Trefriw, 224^, * when it becomes good and firm, though occasion- 
ally stony, and is fairly level to Caer Hun Hall, 229|, when the hills become 
numerous and formidable, through Arianos, 231^, and there is a steep hill, 
twisting two or three times and dangerous to ride down, into Conway, 234^-.] 

3m. beyond Llanrwst on r. bank, the Abbey ; on I. bank Gwydir and Caer 
H<ln Hall. 

LONDON TO HOLYWELL (by Flint). 

London to Chester (181^) ; through Malpas — p. 148. 
[The route through Lichfield and Stafford to Chester is 2\m. longer 
(183i) p. 146.] 

Chester to Queensferry, E.Dee, (6 — 187i) ; keep straight on through 
Chester, and turning to r. at the archway, a capital going level road thence 
runs through Waterloo, 185, to Queensferry, except the last mile. 

Queensferry to Flint (6 — 193^); turn to r. a short distance past 
Queensferry Station, and then through Weypre, 189|^, and St. Marks, 190|^; 
it is a shocking bad road on account of the coal traffic, but no hills. 

[The best road is through Noriliojp to Flint (3m. — 196|-).] 

{Flint : Cross ; George and Dragon ; Royal Oak, B.T.C.) 

Flint is supposed to have been a Roman station from its formation and the 
nnmeroiis antiquities that have been found here. There are ruins of the old castle. 

Flint to Holywell (5|—198f); through St. Mary's, 194f, and Bagillt, 
1955, is a rough macadam road ; no hills. 

* Throupili Llanrwst these distances will be Iw. longer than here reckoned through Gwydir alone. 



.;^ 



151 



SECTION VI. 

From General Post Office; Midland Roads, (Mid Herts, 
West Bedfordshire, North Buckinghamshire, North- 
amptonshire, North Warwickshire, Leicestershire, 
North Staffordshire, Derbyshire, West Notts, East 
Cheshire, Lancashire, West Yorks, Westnwreland, 
and Cumberland.) 



LONDON to LIVERPOOL. 

Ijondon to Chester (181i) through Malpas— p. 148. 

Chester to Birkenhead (16^197|); splendid road through Upton, 
183, Backford, 184^ Great Sutton, 188, Eastham, 190f , Bromborough, 192, 
and Great Bebbington, 194^, to Tranmere, 196f. 

(Birkenhead: Queen's, B.T.C. ; Woodside.) 

Beyond Great Sutton on r., Hooton Hall. Birkenhead has risen into existence 
as a seaport town, within the last 50 years. Beyond, at the mouth of the Mersey, 
is the fort at New Brighton and Leasowes Castle. 

Birkenhead to Liverpool (|— 198^) ; by the steamboat ferry across 

the B. Mersey. 

(Liverpool: Angel, Eqrs. ; Compton; Havana; Kailway ; Neptune, B.T.Ci 
Washington.) 

Liverpool, the second city in England, is the great seaport for America; 
there are immense docks ; many fine public buildings. 

LONDON to LIVERPOOL (by Knutsford). 

London to Rugeley (126)— p. 145. 

Rugeley to Sandon (10^ — 136^); is a fair undulating road by 
Wolseley Bridge, 128i, (where turn to the r. and cross the E.Trent and Grand 
Trunk Canal) to Colwich, 129, whence is a steep ascent and good long 
descent to Great Haywood, 130|^, and at the bottom turn to r. through a Tg., 
then fine road through Shirleywich, 133, and Weston, 133f, running almost 
level with and alongside the canal. 

On I. pass Wolseley Park, Shugborough Park, Tixall Hall, and Ingestre Hall. 
Before Sandon on r., Sandon Hall. 

Sandon to Stone (4| — 140i-) ; through Stoke, 139|, is continuatior 
of the same kind of road ; Stone is cobble paved, 
(Stone: Bell and Bear; Crown; Talbot; Unicorn.) 
At Stone are remains of an Augustinian monastery founded in Saxon times-. 

Stone to Trentham (5| — 145f ) ; out of Stone keep to Z. and cross 
the canal, and after crossing R. Trent keep to r. ; the road is good but 
rather hilly through Darlaston, 142, and by Titensor Mill, 144. 

On I. Trentham Park, the magnificent seat of the Duke of Sutherlami Pretty 
country. 



152 

Trentham to Newcastle -under-Lyme (3| — 149i); f rom Trentham 
the road begins to ascend and rapidly deteriorates to Handford, 146^, after 
which it is bad and hilly through Flask, 147^, in some places very bad, 
being made uith loose cinders and sand ; at Flask, after crossing B, Trent 
and the canal, keep to Z. 

{Newcastle: Borougli Arms; Castle. — Stolce-upon. Trent : West End, Hqrs.i 
Korth Staffordshire.) 

The road now passes through the "Potteries" district, a dirty and smoky 
neighbourhood. Stoke-upon-Trent and Hanley are distant on r. IJm. and 2\m. 

neweastle-under-Lyme to Churcli Lawton (6| — 155f ) ; ascent 
through the town, then a little level, and another long rise followed by a 
descent and ascent passing through Chesterton, 151^; after this it is level 
past some collieries and Talk-on-the-Hill, 154|^, and keeping to r. further on 
a very rough and bad descent occurs, then it is level again, and the surface 
improves nearing Church Lawton ; this is an extremely rough and very bad 
road, besides being loose and heavy; m some parts it is scarcely rideable. 

(TalTc-on-the-Hill : Swan.) 

This is a coUiery district, and is full of shafts and furnaces. The village of 
Talk-on-the-Hill lies a little I. of the main road, and there is a steep hill to descend 
out of it. 

Churcli Lawton to Holmes Chapel, or Chapel Hulme (9— 164f); 
about a mile beyond Church Lawton keep to r. ; in the first half there are 
3 or 4 short undulations, the surface being like good macadam, a little 
stony but never greasy ; after that it is fairly lev^el and smooth through 
Brereton Green, 162f : Holmes Chapel is paved. 

Beyond Church Lawton, on r., Eode Hall, and at Brcre^on Green, Breretcn 
Hall. 

Holmes Chapel to Knutsford (7^ — 172); sharp stony descent and 
ascent just out of Holmes Chapel, and the road continues rough to the 
toll-gate a mile further on ; at the fork beyond keep to r., and it is level 
for about 2m., then a long gradual rise, shortly followed by a stiff ascent 
before Toft, 170, and a mile beyond that a sharp descent and stiff ascent : 
on the whole a tolerable though not very smooth road, being made of 
material like macadam, but without being greasy or so bampy as that kind 
of road near London ; through Knutsford is cobble paved. 

(Knutsford : Angel ; Royal George.) 

About half-way on r. Over Peover Hall ; on I. Toft Hall. 

Knutsford to Warrington (11| — 183f ) ; the road is almost level, 
with fairly good macadam-like surface (out of Knutsford keep to L, a little 
further to r., and at the Tg. Im. beyond to I.), through Mere, 174f, and Hoo 
Green, 175f, to High Leigh, 177; then through Kirkman's Green, 178, it 
falls gradually for about dm., ending with a steep and rather rough descent, 
after which it is nearly level to Warrington ; at Grappenhall, 180f , the road 
passes under the Bridgewater canal, and is very bad and rough ; shortly 
after there is a level crossing, and the last 2m. through Latchford, 182 .V, 
are rough and shaky : cross B. Mersey into Warrington, the main street of 
which is narrow and paved. 

(Warrington: Patten Arms ; Eed Lion ; Eing of Bells.) 

Beyond Knutsford, on r., Tatton Park ; on r. Mere Hall. Warrington is an 
ancient town, and its biidge was for many ages the chief communication across 
lth» Mersey. The lirst stage-coach from Lancashire to London ran from her© in 



153 

1757, the time of tlie journey being three days and nights. It carries on cotton, 
iron, glass, and heavy leather manufactures. The parish ck. is of Saxon origin 
and has many old monuments. 

Warrington to Prescot (9f — 193^); by turning to I. -when across 
the bridge, and bearing to the r. by the railway station over a fair 
macadam road the main paved street is avoided, and the Prescot road is joined 
in the outskirts of the town : otherwise, turning to I. in the middle of the 
town, it is level but all paved with large square setts to Sankey Bridge, 185, 
where is a patch, of cobble paving, then gently undulating and tolerable 
macadam road through Great Sankey, 186, and Rainhill, 190|-, with a stiff 
descent into Prescot : this town is paved with square setts. 

(Prescot: King's Ai-ms.) 

Prescot is noted for the manufacture of watch movements and files, &c. N. 
of the town is Knowsley Park and Hall, the residence of the Earl of Derby. 

Prescot to Liverpool (8 — 201|) ; rather steep descent out of the 
former, then fairly level and good macadam road to Knotty Ash, IQTg-, after 
which it is rather uneven and rough into Liverpool. 

LONDON to WARRINGTON (by Northwich). 

London to Church Lawton (155|)— p. 152. 

Church Lawton to Sandbach (6| — 162); follow the Knutsford 
road for a mile, then turn to I., and it is fairly good through Oddrode, 158, 
and Dean Hill, 160. 

{Sandbach: George; Swan and Chequer ; Wheatsheaf.) 

Sandbach to Middlewich (5 — 167); take the middle road, which 
runs by the side of a canal and affords good and level running, through 
Boothville or Booth Lrine Head, 163f . 

{Middleifich : Wagings.) 

Middlewich to Northwich (7—174); take the right hand road, 
(the left going to iSTantwich); the surface of the road continues fairly good, 
but there are several hills, at the top of the first of which one must again 
keep to ther., and through High Bostock Green, 170, and Davenham, ITlf : 
Northwich is paved. 

{Northwich: Angel; Crown and Anchor, B.T.C. ; Lion.) 

On r. Bostock Hall and Davenham Hall. Korthwich is the centre of the 
Cheshire salt works. 2m. W. of Davenham is Yale Eoyal Abbey, the residence of 
Lord Delamere. 

Northwich to Warrington (Hi— 185^); through Great Budworth, 
177, Higher Whitley, 180, Stretton, 182, and Wilderspool, 184^ 

LONDON to WARRINGTON (by Congleton). 

London to Church Lawton (155|)— p. 152. 

Church Lawtoi\ to Congleton (6 — 161f); keep to r, and it is 

an excellent undulating road by Moreton Hall, 158|-, and through 
Astbury, 160j, with one or two sharp hills ; long descent into Congleton, 
rather isteep. 

{^Congleton : Bull's Head j Lion and Swan.) 



154 

Congleton to Siddington, Tp. (4f— 166^); after crossing the J?. 
Dane outside Congleton, there is a long and severe ascent to be climbed, 
from the top of which a good macadamised and undulating road runs 
through Marton, 165|. 

Beyond Congleton, on r., Eaton Hall. 

Siddington to Knutsford (9f— 176^); keep to Z. at Siddington 
Tp., and it is an undulating road through Chelford, 171, and by OUerton or 
Ollerton Grates, 174, to Knutsford: macadam-like surface, but pretty good 
going. Pretty scenery. 

(Chelford : Dixon Arms.) 

At Chelford, on I., Astle Hall. Before Knutsford, on r., Booth Hall. 

Knutsford to Warrington (11|— 188)— p. 152. 

LONDON TO LICHFIELD (by Hinckley). 

London to Hoekliffe (37)— p. 138. 

Hocklifife to Woburn (41 — 41|-) is a good but rather hilly road; 
turn to r. in Hoekliffe. 

At Woburn is o, handsome modern ch., the windows all of painted glass, and 
the great bell weighs three tons ; it was erected by the Duke of Bedford, whose 
magnificent mansion (formerly Woburn Abbey) and park are east of the town. 

Woburn to Newport Pagnell (8^ — i9f ) ; a somewhat hilly road 
over Wavendon Heath, through Wavendon, 44f, Broughton, 47^, and 
Tickford End, 49i ; rather rough, but good travelling on the whole ; the 
road only goes through the eastern end of Newport Pagnell, which lies to 
I., on the cross road to Stoney Stratford. 

Newport Pagnell to Northampton (16— 65f ) ; after crossing B. 
Ouse, keep to I. out of the town, and through Lathbury, 50f , G-ayhurst, 
52f (again to L), Stoke Goldington, 54^, near Horton (on r.), 68^, through 
Hackleton, 59f, and Queen's Cross, 63f ; after the first 2m. the road is 
generally loose and rather rough ; no hills of any consequence, but steep 
and rough ascent in the middle of Northampton up to the M.P. 

(Northampton : Angel ; Cross Keys, Hqrs., B.T.C. ; Franklin, B.T.C ; George, 
Hqrs. ; Peacock ; Royal.) 

At Gayhurst, on r., across the R. Ouse, Tyringham ; on I. Gayhurst ; on r. 
Horton House. At Stoke Goldington, 2m. on I., Hanslope Castle, built in the 12th 
century. Before Northampton, on r., Delapre Abbey, a fine mansion. At 
Northampton St. Sepulchre's ch., built early in the 12th century by the Knights 
Templars, is one of the few round churches in the kingdom. All Saints' ch. and 
St. Peter's ch. are also fine structures, and St. Giles' ch. contains some curious 
monuments. The hospitals of St. Thomas and St. John were formerly religious 
houses. Of the old castle only some earthworks now remain. Northampton is 
celebrated for its horse fairs. The chief manufactory is boots and shoes, &c. 

Northampton to Welford (14| — 801) ; through Kingsthorpe, 67i 
(keep to I.), Chapel Brampton, 70, Spratton, 72|-, Creaton, 73^, and Thornby, 
77, is not a very good road ; the only hill of any consequence is a stiff 
ascent before Spratton. 

Beyond Creaton, Im. on r., Cottesbrook Ho. At Thornby, 2m. on r., Naseby 
Field, the scene of the defeat of Charles I. by Cromwell. At Welford, Im. on r., 
Sulby Abbey. Naseby village is regarded by some as the centre of England; 



155 

near it rise the three rivers, Welland, ISTene, and Avon. To the I. of Creaton is 
Holmby Ho., where Charles I. was imprisoned. 

Welford to Lutterworth (8| — 88f ) ; keep to I. and through North 
Kilworth, 83|, and Walcote, 86f , the road improves considerably. 

{Lutterworth : Denbigh Arms ; Hind ; Stag.) 

At Lutterworth is preserved part of the pulpit from which the celebrated 
reformer, Wjcliffe, is said to have preached ; also the chair in which he died. 

Lutterworth to High Cross (6 — 94f) ; through Bitteswell, 89|-, and 
Claybrook, 92f , is a good road. 

At High Cross is the junction of the two Eoman roads, Watling Street and 
the Fosse Way. 

High Cross to_ Hinckley (41— 99^) ; follow Watling Street for \ a 
mile beyond Smockington, 95f , when turn off it to r. and go through 
Burbage, 98^ ; fairly good road. 

{Hinckley : George ; Greyhound.) 

About 4m. N. of Hinckley was fought the battle of Bosworth Field, in 1485, 
when Richard III. was defeated and slain. There are some slight remains of a 
castle at Hinckley, and also of a bath supposed to be Roman. 

Hinckley to Atherstone (8—107^) ; 2m. beyond Hinckley, rejoin 
Watling Street, which runs in almost a straight line through Witherley, 
106|-, to Atherstone ; good road. [If not calling at Hinckley, keep straight 
on along Watling Street, just beyond Smockington, joining the Atherstone 
road as above.] 

At Watling Street, 3m. on I., Nuneaton, beyond which are ruins of the abbey. 
Before Witherley the road crosses the site of the Roman station, Manduessedum, 
'2m. on I. Oldbury Hall, occupying the site of a Roman camp, and near it Hay's 
Castle. At Atherstone, on I., Bentley Park. 

Atherstone to Tamworth (8— 115^); through Hall End, llli, and 
Wilnecote, 112f , just beyond which turn to r. from the Watling Street for 
Tamworth : or cross the B. Tame to Fazeley, 114|, and then on r. to 
Tamworth, 115^; it is somewhat rough, but a comparatively good road. [Or 
turn to r. in Atherstone, l|m. further to I., and through Grendon, Polesworth, 
Glascote and Bolehall, to Tamworth, 9m.'] Enter Tamworth by a narrow 
awkward old bridge over the B. Anker. 

{Tamworth : Castle.) 

At Tamworth is a fine old castle erected by the Normans. On I., at Fazeley, 
is Drayton Manor, the residence of Sir R. Peel. 

Tamworth to Lichfield (8— 123|-) through Hopwas, 117^. 

LONDON TO TAMWOHTH (by Coventry). 

London to Coventry (91) — p. 139. 

Coventry to Over Whitacre (9 — 100); in Coventry turn to r. at 
the cross streets, and straight on with a steep descent through the town ; then 
hilly through Eadford, 92, Kersley (or Carsley) Green, 93:^, Corley, 95^, 
out of which is a stiff hill to mount and another to descend through Corley 
Ash, 96:^, and then through Fillongley, 97 ; it is not a very good road, 
heavy and muddy when wet. 

At Corley, on I., 2m,. off, Titbury Castle. At Fillongley, on I., Castle Yard ; 
2w. on r. Astley Castle. 



156 

Over "Whitacre to Tamworth (9|— 109|); refy liilly road tlirongh 
Nether Whitacre, 102^, and Kingsbury, 104| ; some of the ascents steep ; 
3^171. beyond Kingsbury cross Watling Street and join the Atherstone road. 
[It is a better road from Coventry to go by Nuneaton, Atherstone, and the 
old Roman WatUng Street, and not so hilly — vide infra.'\ 

LONDON TO NORTHAMPTON (by Stoney Stratford). 

London to Stoney Stratford (52)— p. 138. 

Stoney Stratford to Northampton (13| — 65|) ; after crossing the 
H. Ouse turn to r. at Old Stratford, 52J, and through Cosgrove, 53|^, 
Yardley Gobion, 54|, Grafton Eegis, 66|, Stoke Bruern, 57f , Roade Lane, 
^8f, Wootton Bridge, 62^, and by Queen's Cross, 63.f ; this is rather 
unfavourable for bicycling, there are some long hills, and the road is made 
of soft stone and has a very uneven surface ; in wet weather it is very bad. 

Queen's Cross is one of the crosses erected in memory of Queen Eleanor by 
Edward I. 

LONDON TO BUETON-UPON-TRENT. 

London to Coventry (91)— p. 139. 

Coventry to Nuneaton (8^ — 99J) ; turn to r. at the cross streets in 
Coventry, through the market place, from which is a sharp descent partly 
paved ; then take the second turn on r., and through Longford, 93f, 
Bedworth, 95f , Griff, 97:^, and Chilvers Coton, 99, is a bad road, loose and 
shaky, on account of the coal traffic ; one or two short hills. 

{Nuneaton : Newdegate Arms.) 

At Griff, Im. on I., Arbury Hall, and beyond it Astley Castle. Near Nun- 
eaton are remains of the abbey and also of the castle. 

Nuneaton to Atherstone (5-|— 105) ; keep to I. through ITuneaton, 
and a mile beyond to r. ; it is a good road, though somewhat rough in parts. 
{Atherstone : Angel ; New Swan ; Red Lion; White Hart.) 

Atherstone to Burton-upon-Trent (18§ — 123^) ; turn to r. in 
Atherstone and again \hni. further on, and it is a nice road, but hilly through 
Sheepy, 108, Twycross, 110^ (just beyond take the left hand road), Norton, 
lllf, Appleby, 113^ (beyond which again to I.), Stretton-en-le-Field, 115^, 
Crickett's Inn, 116^, Over Seal, 117|, Castle Gresley, 119|, Stanton, 121f, 
and Stapenhill, 122f . [There is another road from Twycross on r. through 
Snareston, 113f, and Measham (Union Lm), 115j, to Crickett's Inn, 117^.] 

{Burton-on-Trent : Queen.) 

At Twycross, on r., Gopsal Hall. Burton is chiefly known for its breweries : 
there are remains of a large abbey founded in 1002 : the R. Trent is crossed by a 
remarkable old bridge. 

LONDON TO BURTON-UPON-TRENT (by Hinckley). 

London to Hinckley (99^)— p. 155. 

Hinckley to Ashby-de'la-Zoucli (16i— 115|) ; good but hilly road 
through Stapleton, 102^, Cadeby, 104f, Osbaston, 106^, Nailstone, 107f, 
Ibstock, 110^, and Eavenstone, 112^ (just before that turn to I) ; it is a 
cross country road, and difficult to follow on account of the turnings. 



157 

(Ashhy : Qaeen's Head ; Eoyal.) 

Before Cadeby, on l, Bosworth Fielo, where Richard III. was defeated and 
Blain in 1485. At Eavenstone, 3m. IV. E, Whitwick Castle on the borders of 
Charnwood Forest ; 2?)i. farther N. are the ruins of Grace Dieu Abbey. Ashby 
is celebrated for its castle (now in ruins), where Mary, Queen of Scots, waa 
imprisoned. Handsome anciert ch. 

Ashby-de-la-Zouch to Burton-iipon-Trent (9—124^) ; very hilly 
road by Butt House, 119, Midway Houses, 120^, and Bretby Park, 121f ; 
macadam all the way, 

[Or from Cadaby through. Market Bosworth, 106|-, Carlton, 107|, 
Barton-in-the-Be^ins, 108^, Oldby, 109 1, E'ewton Burgoland, 112^, Nether- 
eote, 113, Cross Lane, 114, Measham, 116|, and thi"Ough the Wolds to 
Butt House, 121^.] 

North oi Ashby, 4.m. off, is Calke Abbey. 

LONDON to GLASGOW. 

London to Warrington (183f) — p. 152. 

Warrington to Newton (5 — 188|); after leaving the former it is 
an indifferent road by Langford Bridge, 184f , to Holme (or Hulme) 186|-, 
then it is paved most of the way and almost unrideable except with a stout 
machine, through Winwick, 186f . 

{Newton : Legh ; Pied Bull.) 

On I., "Winwick Hall. According to tradition, Winwick was the residence of 
Oswald, King of Northumbria, and near the ch. an ancient building with many 
monuments, is pointed out as the spot where he fell, fighting against the pagans 
of Mercia, in 642; near to is St. Oswald's Well. At Newton (called Newton-in- 
Makerfield, and Newton-le-Willows), ia an old hall, said to have been a royal 
residence. 

Newton to Wigan {71 — 196) ; the paving continues almost without 
intermission through Ashton-in-Makerfield, 191|-, and Goose Green, 193f, 
and for the last mile into Wigan is a line of tramway, at the end of which, 
in the centre of the town, is a short ascent followed by a very steep descent, 
all paved; the main street is l^m. long. 

{Ashion : King's Head. — Wigan: Eagle and Child ; Eailway; Victoria.) 
Wigan is an ancient town ; thei'e is a tradition that the Saxons were defeated 
here by the Britons, while numerous remains have been found in the vicinity. 
It is in the centre of the Lancashire coalfield, and here is the deepest mine in 
England, if not in the world, Rose Bridge Main, 808yds ; at the bottom the 
temperature is 93| degs. At Ashton, on I., New Hall; on r., Haydock Lodge. 

Wigan to Chorley (8—204) ; long steep hill to ascend out of Wigan, 
the lower part of which is paved, and the remainder is a good hard and 
fairly smooth road ; at 19Sm. keep to r. at the bifurcation, and the road 
continues good, but there are one or two steep and crooked hills, until ^rn. 
before Yarrow Bridge, 202j, where, join the old coach road from London 
through Manchester ; this is paved for half the width but the other half 
affords pretty fair riding. 

{Chorley : Royal Oak.) 

About half way on r., Adlington Hall, and before Yarrow Bridge, on r., 
Duxbirry Hall. Beyond Wigan, on r., Haigh Hall. 

Chorley to Preston (9^—213^); through Whittle-in-the-Woods, 206^, 
Clayton, 208, Bamber Bridge, 209^, and Walton-le-Dale, 211^ is fair ridmg 



158 

over a good hard road : cross B. Eibble, fw. beyond Walton-le-Dale, and 
then steep ascent entering Preston : pretty scenery. 

[There is another road from Wigan, keeping to I. 2m. beyond and 
through Standish, 199, Welch Whittle, 202, Bolton Green, 204, and Euxton, 
205^, to Bamber Bridge, 209 ; it is a good hard road, tolerably smooth with 
no very difficult hUls.] 

{Preston : Bull ; Castle ; Victoria.) 

At Whittle-le-Woods, on L, Sliaw Hall; at Bamber Bridge, on ^., Cuerden 
Hall. Preston is a very ancient town, a seaport, and a large portion of its 
population is engaged in the cotton trade ; there are remains of a monastery of 
Greyfriars. 

Preston to Garstang (11^ — 224|) is a fairly level road, with good 
surface, by Cadley Moor, 215^, Broughton Bridge, 217, Four Lane Ends, 
2171, Barton, 219^, Bilsborough, 220^, Brocks Bridge, 221^ and Claughton 
Tp., 222^. 

(Garstang: Eagle and Child ; King's Arms ; Eoyal Oak.) 
On r., Broughton Hall and Tower, and Claughton HaU. At Garstang are 
the remains of Greenhalgh Castle. 

Garstang to Lancaster (11|— 235f); the road is fairly level through 
Cabus, 2261, Hole of Ellel, 229f , over Galgate Bridge, 231i, and by Borough, 
233^, to Scotforth, 234^, whence there is a long descent to Lancaster; 
rather rough and shaky, very bad in wet weather. Pretty scenery. 
(Lancaster: County; Feathers, B.r.C. ; Queen's; Eoyal County.) 
Beyond Garstang, a few miles on r., are Bleasdale Moors ; on L, Lancaster 
Bay. At Lancaster, the principal object is the castle, founded before the 
Conquest, and enlarged by Edward III. ; it is now the county gaol : the principal 
ch., St. Mary's, is an ancient edifice with carved stalls, screens and monuments. 
At Borough, on I., Ashton Hall (Duke of Hamilton). 

Lancaster to Carnforth (6 — 241f ) ; after crossing the B. Lune the 
road presently sku^ts the shores of Morecambe Bay, the estuary of the 
B. Kent, and becomes rather hilly through Slyne, 238^, and Bolton-le- 
Sands, 239f, the ascents being rather sharp, and the surface is not very 
good. 

{Carnforth: Grange.) 

Kear Bolton-le- Sands is a large cavern, called Dunal MiU Hole. 

Carnforth to Burton-in-Kendal (5— 246f ) ; over Keer Bridge, 243f , 
is a pretty good road and not so hilly ; at Carnforth keep to r. 

Burton to Kendal (lOf — 257^) ; good road with some stiff hills, 
through Farlton Lane, 248f, End Moor, 252, Barrow Green, 254|, and 
Mill Beck, 256^. [Or keep to Z. beyond Burton and go through Holme, 
248i, Milnthorpe, 251^, Heversham, 252^, Levens Hall, 253i, and Syzergh, 
255^, to Kendal, 259| ; a very pleasant road, but with one or two severe 
ascents ; from Heversham it follows the valley of the B. Kent, and after 
the least rain the road becomes sticky and heavy.] 

{Kendal : Commercial ; Railway ; Railway and Commercial.) 
On I., near Heversham, is Levens Hall, which contains some rich carvings; 
Syzergh Hall, the ancient seat of t' e Stricklands. At Kendil, on r., Abbot 
Hall, Kendal, otherwise Kirkby-in- Kendal, is situate in a valley. There are 
remains of the castle, and on the opposite side of the town is Castleiow Hill. 
l»i. S., are traces of the Roman station Concangiam. 

Kendal to Shap (15|— 273|) ; for the first mile or so the road is bad. 



159 

and soon after leaving Kendal the ascent up to Bhap Feliss begins, and 
continues for some lOw. ; it is not difficult to Otter Bank, 260f (whence a 
capital view can bo obtained of Kendal), and then it becomes more or less 
steep — many parts too steep to be ridden up, and too dangerous to be ridden 
down in the reverse direction — passing Gate Side post office, 262^, Banisdale 
Bridge, 263|, then down a dangerous hill to High Barrow Bridge, 265^^, and 
again up a very steep ascent under Bretherdalc Bank fo Demmings, 2G7^, 
and for a mile or so on to and over the top of Shap Fells, the highest point 
of which is 1,304 feet above sea level ; then the descent begins, part of it 
very steep, and with one break in it of about hn. , where there is a slight 
ascent ; in descending either side great care should be taken. The greater 
part of this stage is very bad, some of it being overgrown with grass and 
covered with loose stones, so that it is no better than a mere mountain track 
for miles, especially so after High Barrow Bridge to within 2m. of Shap, when 
it is much better, though still rather rough, and the descent is easy. 

(Shap: Greyhound; King's Arms.) 

The scenery on the road is very fine. About im. before Shap, on r., is Shap 
Wells Hotel, possessing a medicinal spring similar to that of Leamington, and 
much resorted to. About 2?«. farther on, by the roadside, on r., are two rows of 
huge unhewn granite blocks, called Karl Lofts ; Ivi. N.E. of Shap, at Gunnerskeld 
Bottom is a circle of large stones ; both are supposed to be Druidical remains. 
Im. E. of Shap, on the banks of the i?. Lowther, are ruins of Shap Abbey ; Hawes 
Water lies 67?*. W. 

Shap to Penrith (10| — 283^) is a tolerable road with some more 
hills, but nothing difficult through Thrimby, 276 J, Hackthorpe, 279, and 
Clifton, 281, over Lowther Bridge, 282 (then turn to r.), and Eamont Bridge, 
282|^, whence there is a short but stiff hill to mount into Penrith. 

(Penrith: Agricultural: Crown; Fish; George, C.T.C. ; Gloucester Arms; 
New Crown ; Old Crown ; White Hart.) 

There are some splendid views on this road ; Helvellyn and Saddleback are 
visible. At Clifton, on I. , Lowther Park and Castle, the magnificent seat of Earl 
Lonsdale ; also Clifton Hall, an old turreted mansion. At Lowther Bridp^e, Im. 
on r., Brougham Castle, a fine ruin, is supposed to occupy the site of a Koman 
station ; before Eamont BridgC; down a lane on l, King Arthur's Bound Table, 
and Mayborough. At Penrith are the ruins of the castle, dismantled by the 
Parliamentarians ; also the Beacon, Giant's Grave, Giant's Caves, etc. Ulleswater 
is 5wi. S.W. 

Penrith to High Hesket (9i— 292|) ; the first mile or so is uphill, 
then the road is undulating to Salkeld Gate, 288, and thence rather hilly 
(one or two of the gradients each way being very sharp), with a long 
ascent to High Hesket ; capital hard and smooth surface, not much affected 
by rain. 

6?)}. N.E. of Penrith, near Little Salkeld, and passing Eden Hall, is a 
Druidical remain, a large circle of 67 stones, bearing the name of Long Meg and 
her Daughters. At Old Penrith, 5?n. N.W., are the remains of a Pioman station, 
Voreda. Near High Hest et is Armathwaite Hall ; also ruins of Castle Hewin. 

High Hesket to Carlisle (8|— 301*) ; beyond High Hesket is a 
long steep hill to go down, which is generally rather rough, to Low Hesket, 
294:1, followed by a hill to climb out of the village, and then it is easy 
riding over an undulating road, through Carleton, 299, and Harraby, 300, 
whence it is more or less downhill to Carlisle ; after leaving Low Hesket, 



160 

ft Is a capital, smooth, hard road ; the streets of Carlisle are paved with 
square setts, but rideable. 

(^Carlisle : Bnsh ; County ; Great Central ; Crescent, Temp, ; Jenk's ; Red 
Lion, C.T.C.\ Turf.) 

Carlisle was early fortified by the Eomans ; a small portion of the old Norman 
wall remains, but the most striking feature of the to^^^l is the castle, founded by 
William Rufus. The cathedral, restored in 1856, is a venerable building of red 
foeestone, some parts dating from Norman times. 

Carlisle to Gretna Green (9J— 310|) ; after crossing the bridge over 
the H. Eden there is a stiff hill to mount going through Stanwix, 302:^, a 
suburb of Carlisle ; here the road to Newcastle must be passed on the right 
and a mile farther on keep again to the ?. , and through Todhills, 305.V, 
Floriston, 306|, over the Metal Bridge, 307|, through Lennoxtown, 309^, 
and across R. Sark into Scotland, 310, is a fair road almost level. 

Gretna Green to Ecclefechan (9|— 320^) ; fair road, but rather 
hilly by Newtown Inn, or Kirkpatrick, 314|, Woodhouse Inn, 315|, and 
Kirtle Bridge, 317f ; rough for about a mile on either side of Kirtle Bridge. 

About \m. before Gretna Green cross the small R. Sark and enter Scotland. 
On Z., iSolway Firth. Gretna Green was famous many years ago as the scene of 
runaway marriages, now illegal. At Ecclefechan are shown the birthplace and 
tomb of Thomas Carlyle ; \m. on Z., Hoddam Castle and the Tower of Repentance, 
or Tower of Trailtrone. 

Ecclefechan to Dinwoodie Green (U— 33H) ; long ascent out of 

Ecclefechan, and fall into Lockerbie, 320|, whence undulating through 
Nethercleugh, 330 ; easy going and good road. 

At Lockerbie, on ?■.. Lockerbie llo. ; at Dinwoodie Green, on Z., .Tardiue 
Hall. \\m. beyond Ecclefechan, on /., Castlemilk Ho. 

{EccUfechan: Bush, CT.C.—Loclicrlic : Blue Eell, rec. C.T.C) 

Diiiwoodie Green to Beattock, Bridge Inn (9| — 341) ; is a good 
undulating road, chiefly on the rise up the valley of the R. Annan; at 
Dinwoodie, 333, keep to L, and a mile beyond cross to the right bank of the R. 
Annan. 

At Beattock, l?n. on r., Moffat town, and near it Marsdale Parkj on ?., 
Cragielands. Beyond Dinwoodie, on r,, ruins of Lethan Hall. 

Beattock to Crawford (16 — 357) ; leaving the main Annan valley 
on r., the road follows up that of its tributary, Evan Water, past Long- 
beddom, 343J, Greenhill, Raecleugh, 347, Howcleugh and Bedhouse, for 
about 10 miles to Little Clyde, where the top of the hill is reached, and 
there is a long descent down the valley of the R. Clyde, past Newton and 
Elvanfoot Inn, 354^, to Crawford ; generally speaking it is a good 
undulating road, but rough in places. 

Before Newton, on r., Bodsbury Camp ; a Roman road runs on the r. here 
for several miles. At Cr-awford, on r., ruins of castle. At Raecleugh, 2\n. on r., 
source of E. Tweed and Dell's Beef Tub. Beyond Beattock, on Z., Auchen Castle. 
At Little Clyde, on r., source of E. Clyde. 

Crawford to Douglas Mill, Iim (12—369) ; through Abington, 360, 
hilly road, leaving the Clyde valley on r. and going over some very high 
moorlands, with long and severe gradients, rough in places ; long descent 
to Douglas Mill. 

Im. beyond Crawford, on r., Roman camp, and further on a Roman road. 
Abington llo. \m. on Z,, Douglas Castle and the old castle ruins beyond. 



161 

Douglas Mill to Hamilton (17^—386^) ; cross the moors from 
Fauld House to Lesinahagovv, 375^, and again to Larkliall, 382^ ; hilly but 
not so difficult as the last stage ; fair road. 

At Lesmahagow, about 3m. on 7'., are the falls of the JR. Clyde, Corra Linn, etc. 
3m. further, on r. 2m., Craignethan Castle. Before Hamilton, on I., Chatelherault 
with its deer park ; ruins of Cadzow Castle ; ruins of Woodhouse with park of old 
British cattle. At Hamilton, on r., the Palace (Doke of Hamilton). 

(Hamilton : Commercial, C.T.C.) 

Hamilton to Glasgow (11— 397^) ; cross the R. Clyde at Bothwell 
Bridge, 388, and then througli Bothwell, 288^, Uddingston, 390, and 
Broomhouse, 391f, is rather rough and hillier than the last stage. 

(Glasgow: Grand, C.T.C; McLean's; Victoria. — Uddingston: Royal.) 
Bothwell Bridge is the site of the battle in 1679, between the Covenanters 
and the Duke of Monmouth. At Bothwell, on I., Bothwell Castle. 

LONDON TO BLACKPOOL. 

London to Preston (213^-)— p. 157. 

Prsston to Freckleton (7^— 220|) ; through Ashton, 21G}, and 
across the marshes is quite level, and in fair weather a good hard road. 

Freckleton to Lytham 4^—225^); through Warton, 222^, is a first 
rate road. 

(Lytkam : Clifton Arms, C.T.C. ; Market and Commercial ; Ship and Royal.) 

Lytham is a small watering-place, pleasantly situated on the north side of the 
Eibble ; beyond is Lytham Hall. 

" Lytham to Blackpool (8—233^) ; through Hey Houses, The Folds, 
and Blown Sands is a very fair road on the whole, but varies with the time 
of the year. 

(lllaclq)ool : Bailey ; Beach ; Imperial ; Royal; Victoria, C.T.C.) 
Blackpool, on the shore of the Irish Sea, is a large watering-place, and has 
greatly increased of late years ; it may, indeed be called the Brighton of Lancashire 
and the North ; fine pier and aquarium. 

LONDON TO WIGTON (by Keswick and the Lakes). 

London to Carnforth (241|)— p. 158. 

Carnforth to Milnthorpe (7|-— 249) ; from Carnforth keep to l. and 
through Hale, 246|, to Beetham, 247j, is very level, but owing to its not 
being much used is very bad and loose, being nothing but cart ruts, after 
that it is better to Milnthorpe. [After crossing the B. Keer just beyond 
Carnforth there is another road on I. through WartOn and Yealand to 
Milnthorpe, 250^.] 

{Mllntho)'2w : Cross Keys.) 

At Milnthorpe, Im. on I. Dallam Tower. 

Milnthorpe to Levens Hall (2^— 251|) ; long rise to ascend from 
Milnthorpe, and good road through Heversham, 250. 
On v., Levens J^all. 

Levens Hall to Lindale (7—258^) ; after crossing the B. Kent 
leave the Kendal road and turn sharp to /., and it is level but a very looso 
road through Underbarrow Beck Tp., 252f, to Town End (Derby's Arms}, 
255^, after which it begins to be hilly but good across li. Winster, 257^, to 
Jjindale. 

At Lindale, on I., Castle Head Ho. ; 3^?/?. L of Lindale is Cartmel. 



162 

Linsdale to Staveley (6| — 263f ) ; very long steep liill to climb to 
Upper Allithwaite aud JSTewton, 260, (from the top of which is obtained a 
beautiful view of Morecambe Bay and the surrounding country,) and then 
a long gentle descent, over good roads, through Ha.yside to Staveley and 
Newby Bridge : grand scenery. 

(Newhy Bridge : Swan.) 

Staveley and Newby Bridge are at the foot of lake "Windermere, the largest 
r»nd most beautiful of the English lakes. 

Staveley to Bowness (8| — 272|^) ; the road now follows the eastern 
shore of Lake Windermere ; it undulates considerably, and there are several 
short sharp pitches ; good going. 

{Bowness : Crown ; Lake ; Eoyal.) 

3»^. before Bowness, on I., Storr's Hall. Pretty scenery. 

Bowness to Ambleside (6|— 277f) ; continuing along the shore of 
the lake, about f^m. beyond Bowness the road ascends a steep hill, and then 
pursues a level course to Cook's House, 273|, where the Kendal road joins 
in ; tlience it is undulating over Troutheck Bridge, 274j, past Low Wood 
Inn, 275f, and Waterhead, 277, to Ambleside ; good road, but heavy in wet 
weather. 

(Low Wood Inn. — Anibleside : Commercial; Queen; Salutation; Waterhead; 
White Lion ) 

Beyond Bowness on L, Eayrigg Ho., and at Troutbeck Bridge, Calgarth : 
before Waterhead, on r., Dove's Kest. On I., see Bowfell, Scawfell and 
Langdale Pikes, &c. Fine scenery. Ambleside is prettily situated Ini. ab6ve 
the head of the lake, surrounded by fine scenery of mountain, dale, lake, and 
stream. On I., Loughrigg Fell, on r,, Wansfell Pike and Stockgill Foice. 

Ambleside to Grasmere, Town End (4f— 282|); the road is good 
and undulating through Rydal, 279, and winding round the wooded shores 
of Rydal Water and Grasmere Lake. Grasmere village lies a short distance 
on I. 

{Grasmere : Lake ; Hollins and Lowther; Prince of Wales ; Swan, B.T.C.) 
On r., Rydal Hall and Rydal Mount, the latter formerly the residence of the 
poet Wordsworth ; he also lived at Allan Bank, Grasmere, and at Town End ; 
and lies buried in Grasmere churchyard. In Rydal Park are the celebrated Falls. 
On r., is Knab Scar. 

Grasmere to Keswick (11:^— 293f ) ; there is a long steep hill to 
climb from Grasmere, very steep for the first ^m., ending in the pass of 
Dunmail Raise, 283^, which reaches an elevation of 720 feet, then a long 
run down through AVytheburn, 285, to the head cf Thirlemere Lake, 286, 
which lies at the foot of Helvellyn, the scenery here being very wild ; 
alongside the lake it is a good undulating road to Smalthwaite Bridge, 289, 
from which is steep hill to climb, then downhill to Causeway Foot, 291 1, 
where another stiff bit to walk up intervenes, and there is an exceedingly 
steep and unrideable descent leading into Keswick. 

(Keswich: Borrowdale; Keswick; King's Arms; Lake; Queen's; Royal Oak, 
n.T.O. ; Skiddaw, temp.) 

This is a lovely ride, new views of scenery opening out at every mile. 2m. 
before Keswick, on I., Castle Rigg Hill ; also 1»?.. on r. of it, remains of a 
Druidical temple; near the town Castle Hill. 3»i. N. is Skiddaw mountain; Im. 
on Penrtth road is Greta Hall. S. are the pretty lake of Derwent Water, Lodore 
Falls, Borrowdale, &c., &c. 



163 

Keswick to Uldale (10^—304) : very poor and rather hilly road, 
scarcely fit for cycles, through Crossthwaite, 294^ (keep to r.), Little Cross- 
thwaite, 297f , and High Side, 299|, to Castle Inn, 301^, and another hiil up 
and down to Uldale. [Or to Pheasant Inn, 300|, as at p. 176, a fairly good 
road with no difficult hills, and ^. beyond keep to r,, and a good road over 
Ouse Bridge {B. Derwent), 301|, to Castle Inn, 303.] 

For several miles the road skirts the shores of Basseuthwaite Water. 

Uldale to Wigton (7—311) ; turn to I. and through Ireby, 305^. 
Ireby : Black Lion. — Wigton: King's Arms, C.T.C.) 

LONDON TO AMBLESIDE (by Kendal). 

London to Kendal (2o7|)— p. 158. 

Kendal to Cook's House (8| — 266|) ; when clear of the houses 
keep to I., and the very steep ascent of House of Correction Hill has to bo 
climbed (should be descended carefully even with a brake), then capital road, 
rather undulating and with fair surface (keeping to r. at 2b9m.) through 
.Staveley (Westmoreland), 261|-, and Ings, 253:^, nearly a mile beyond 
which is another steep hill to mount, followed by the very steep descent of 
Bannerigge Brow to walk down (unrideable both ways) to Windermere, 
265f , where bear to r. 

(Windermere: Crown; Ferry; Lowwood ; Old England; Queen's; Eigg's; 
Windermere.) 

At Windermere is the railway terminus. 

Cook's House to Ambleside (4-^— 270^)— p. 162. 



LONDON TO GLASGOW (by Dumfries). 

London to Gretna Green (310f)— p. 160. 

Gretna Green to Annan (9— 319f); the road follo^'s the north 
shore of Solway Firth through Dornock, 31bf . 

l^m. from Annan on I. Xewby Ruins. — {Annan : Queensberry Arms, C.T.C) 

Annan to Dumfries (17— 336f) ; by Cumbertrees, 323^, Euthwell, 
326i, and Mousewald, 330^, is rather hilly but not a bad road. 

{Puwfries: Commercial, B.T.C. ; King's Arms ; Queensberry Arms.) 
At Mousewald, Duke of Buccleugh ; 3m. on I. Camlungan Castle. Dumfries 
is situate on the R. Xith ; there is a fine monument here to Burns. 

Dumfries to Thornhill (16— 352f ) ; first rate road up the valley of 
the E. Nith, through Millhead, 340f, Dalswinton, 343^ Forest, 345i, bv 
Algirth Bridge, 346 (cross to left bank of B. Is'ith), Steep Ends, 347^, and 
Gateside, 349|. Fine scenery. 

Beyond Dumfries on r., the Old College of Linncluden ruins ; on I., Terregles 
Ho. ; Sit Dalswinton on r., is the site of the ancient castle of the Cummings ; at 
Gateside on r., the Academy of Closeburn and Closeburn Castle. 

Thornhill to Sanquhar (12 — 364f) ; excellent road, still up the 
valley of the B. Nith and by Carron Bridge, 354|. 

At Carron Bridge on I., across the Nith, is Drumlanrig Castle. At Sanquhar 
fin L, are the castle ruins. — {Sanquhar : Queensberry Arms, C.T.C. 

m2 



^ '164 

Sanquhar to Muirkirk (16 — 380|) ; tlie road now leaves the valley 
of the Nith and crosses the hills tlirough Fiugland, 370^, and Tarkliill, 379. 

Muirkirk to Strathaven (13|— 394) is a hillj road through 
picturesque scenery. 

At Strathaven on r., castle ruins and waterfall. 

Strathaven to Kilbride (8—402) ; through v^haplcton, S97, and 
Shawton, 399. 

Kilbride to Glasgow (8|— 410|) ; through Eutherglen, 408. 

LONDON TO LEEK. 

London to Lichfield (118|)— p. 145. 

Lichfield to Abbots Bromley (10— 128^) ; a mile out of Lichfield 
keep to r., and \\m. further on to I. ; very good road through Handsacre, 
122^, Hill Kid ware, 124, and Blithbury, 125| ; there are a fcAV hills but 
nothing difficult. 

Abbots Bromley to Uttoxeter (6! — 135|) ; tluough Bagots 
Bromley, 129|, and Blount's Green, 134f, is a good road. 
(Uttoxeter : Cross Keys ; White Hart ) 
Beyond Abbots Bromley, on I. Bbthfield Park, and on r. Bagots Park. 

Uttoxeter to Cheadle (10|— 145i) ; through Stramshall, 136f, 
Beanshurst, 138|, Checkley, 140f, Lower Tean, 141f, and Upper Tean, 142^. 
{Cheadle: Royal Oak ; Wheatsheaf.) 
JLbout 4:1)1. E. of Cheadle are Alton Park and ToAvers. 

Cheadle to Leek (lOf— 156^) ; through Kingsley Lane, 147| (a 
mile beyond to r.), Wetley or Wetley Rocks, 150|, Cheddleton, 153^, and 
Cornhill, 155|. [Or from Cheadle, through Holt, 147i, Ipstones, 150^, by 
Bottom House, 152^ (keep to I.), and Ashtonsitch, 154, to Leek, 156|.] 

(Leek : For hotels and notes see p. 1G9) 

LONDON TO BURSLEM. 

London to Upper Tean (142-|)— above. 

Upper Tean to Stoke-upon-Trcnt (10— 152|) ; through Dravcott, 
1441, Blythe Marsh, 145^, Mcere (or Mear) Tj)., 147f,''Longton, 148.^-, "Lane 
End, 1491, and Lane Delph, 1501. 

(Stoke : North Staffordshire; We5:t End, Hqrs.) 

For the latter half of the stage, the road traverses the Potteries district. 

Stoke-npon-Trent to Burslem (3;^— 155f); through Etruria, 1532-, 
(leaving Hanley ^m. on r.) and Cobridgc T}?., 154^. 

[Or instead of going through Stoke, keep to r. at Lane DcIjdIi, and go 
through llanley, 153, to Cobridge Tp., 154. 

Or to Flask, 147;f , p. 152, then on r, to Stolce-uiion-Trcnt, 1\ — 11-8^, 
and Hanley, 2^— 149|.] 

[BiLrslesn : Leonard; Marquis of Granl)y.) 

LONDON TO UTTOXETER (by Nuneaton). 

London to Burton-upon-Trent (123^)-^p. 157. 



165 

Burton-upon-Trent to Sudbury (9^ — 133) ; througli Hornlnglow, 
125, Tutbury, 128, Foston, 131, and Aston, 132^. 

Beyond Hornlnglow on r., Holleston Uoll. At Tutbnry, on the R. Dove, are 
mins of a magnificent castle built by the Normans, beseigedand dismantled by the 
Parliamentarians; thefe are also remains of a priory. 

Sudbury to Uttoxeter (5|— 138|) ; good undulating road through 
DoYcridge, 136.j. 

[Or from U Lirton-iqion-Trent by Ilenhurst, Anslow Leys, over Coulter 
Hills, and through Marchington ; a little shorter.] 

LONDON TO LEEK (by Sandon). 

London to Sandon (136i)— p. 156. 

Sandon to Hilderstone (3— 139i). 

Hilderstone to Meere Tp. (5—1441) ; over Meere Heath (or Bar- 
laston Common) 142f, and Shooters Hill, 143|. 

Meere Tp. to Wetley Rocks (4^—1481); through Weston Coyney 
145| (keep to v.), and Cellar Head, 147f.' 
At Cellar llead on r., Wetley Abbey. 

Wetley Rocks to Leek (5^—1541)— p. 1G4. 

LONDON TO MANCHESTER. 

London to Siddington Tp. (166^)— p. 154. 

Siddington to Wilmslow (8—1741); keep to r. and it is a good 
undulating road to Alderley Edge Hill where is a long and very steep 
descent to Alderley, 170|, beyond which it is level but lumpy and rough 
through Chorley, 172^, to Wilmslow; in the middle of the latter is a short 
patch of cobble stone paving. 

(Wilmslow: Swan.) 

Beyond Siddington on L, Capesthorn Hall; on r., Alderley Park and Birtles 
Hall. 'J'he range of hills on the right here is Alderley Edge. 

Wilmslow to Cheadle (4|— 179|); descent out of Wilmslow, 
followed by a short ascent, then level for a mile through Finney Green, 175^, 
and a descent and steep rise to Handforth, 176, whence it is level and fairly 
good through Hurlbote Green, 176^, to Cheadle, except a short fall im. 
before the village. 

{Cheadle : George and Dragon; White Hart). 

Cheadle to Manchester, St. Ann's Square (7— 186-1); |w. beyond 
Cheadle cross the B. Mersey ; the road soon changes to macadam, very 
rough and bumpy through Didsbury, 181, Withington, 182^, and Bu-ch, 183|, 
to Eusholme, 184^, which is now a part of Manchester, and whence it is 
paved and very rough into the town along Oxford road, Moseley streec, 
and Market street ; level all the way, tramway from Withington. 

For hotels and notes on Manchester, see p. 168. 

LONDON TO GLASGOW (by Derby and Manchester). 

London to Northampton (65|)— p. 154 or p. 156. 



166 

Northampton to Lamport (8| — 741) ; long hill out of Northampton, 
and all up and down hill through Kingsthorpe, 67i, Boughton, 69, Pitsford, 
70, and Brixworth, 72 ; excellent hard road. 

(Lamport : Lauiports Inn.) 

On r., Boughton Park ; before Lamport on r., Lamport Hall. 

Lamport to Market Harborough(9— 83^); descent out of Lamport, 
at the bottom of which there is a level railway crossing, and the hill should 
1)0 descended carefully as the gate cannot be seen from the top; out of this 
valley is Hopping Hill to climb, not very long but part of ib very steep, 
then excellent but rather hilly road through Maidwell, 76, Kelmarsh, 78, 
Grreat Oxendon, 80j, and Little Bowden, 82^; through Market Harborough 
the sides of the street are paved. 

(Marlcet Harhorough : Angel; George; Hind; Peacock, C.T.C.; Three Swans.) 
3m. W. of Kelmarsh is Naseby Field, the scene of the defeat of Chailes I. by 
Cromwell ; Kelmarsh Hall. Market iiaroorough is a small old town ; many 
Roman antiquities have been found here ; fine ch. 

Market Harborough to Leicester (14A— 97|) ; through Kibworth, 
88j, Great Glen, 91^, and Oadby, 94;^, is a first rate undulating road; hill 
to mount into Oadby, but nothing difficult, and from here is tramway into 
Leicester, and slightly downhill : most of Leicester is cobble-paved, with 
tramways through the town. 

Leicester: Barley Mow ; Bell, C.T.C. ; Bull's Head; Carlton j Cook's, temp. ; 
George; Stag and Pheasant ; Wellinirton.) 

At Kibworth, 2an. on r., Carltoa Curliew Hall, a fine old Elizabethan mansion. 
Leicester is snpposed to have been the Roman station Ratae or Ragae, which 
survives in the name of Raw Dykes, a batik outside the town ; there are also 
remains of the old wall ; the castle was a most extensive building, and part of it 
is now the Assize Hall. Thei'e are ruins of the abbey, where Cardinal Wolsey 
died ; there aye some fine churches and public buildings. The town is celebrated 
for its hosiery. 

Leicester to Loughborough. (11 — 108|); tramway through and out 
of Leicester to Belgrave, 99^ (just before which turn to r.), and then a very 
smooth and hard road, with no hills to speak of, through Birstal, 101, Mount 
fcjorrel, 104f , and Quorndon, IO6-4-. 

(Loughborough : Bull'sHead; Bull& Anchor; King's Head; Red Lion, C.T.C) 
On r., Birstal Hall, and l^m, further, Wanlip Hall. Mount Sorrel was famous 
in the Plantaganet period for its fortress of great natural strength, situate on a 
steep hill overhanging the town, and demolished by Henry III. A few miles on 
I., lies Charnwood Forest. Quorndon gives the name to the celebrated Quorn 
Hunt, 2m. on I. is Beaumanor Hall. 

Loughborough to Kegworth (6— 114|) is a capital level road 
through Dishley, 110^, and Hathern, 111|-. 
(Kegivorth : Flying Childers.) 
At Dishley, \ra. on Z., Gavendon Park. 

Kegworth to Derby (ll--125f); cross U. Trent at Cavendish 
Bridge, 118|, and then through Shardlow, 119^, and Alvaston, 122f , is nearly 
all on the level and capital road till close to Derb/. 

(Derby: Bell; Midland; Royal; 8t. James', Hqii., B.T.C.; Wheel;. 

Before Cavendish Bridge, 2m. on I., Castle Douington. On r., Alvaston 
Castle. Derby is pleasantly situated, and of late years has greatly improved in 
its buildings. The chief manufacture is silk, and the first silk mill in England 
still exists here. 



167 

Derby to Belper (7f — 133^) ; rather up and down hill past Darley 
Chapel and through Allestree, 128i,Duffield, 130i, and Milford,132 (where 
cross B. Derwent) ; first 2 or 3m. the road is ^ood, then it deteriorates. 

(Belper: George; Lionj Nag's Head; Kew Inn; Red Lion, C.T.C; Eose 

and Crown; "White Swan.) , -r. , 

Beyond Derby, Im. on r., Darley Abbey. On I., Allestree Park. Belper 
owes its prosperity to the large cotton factories of the Messrs. Strutt, employing 
about 1200 persons. 

Belper to Matlock (lOf— 144^) ; the road follows close by the 
B. Derwent all the way, through Ambergate, 136f (keep to l), 2^n. further 
cross the Derwent and keep to r. through Cromford, 142^ (keep to r.), and 
Matlock Bath, 142:| ; it is nearly level but a rough road ; before Matlock 

cross the Derwent. 

{Matlock Bath: Bath Terrace; Devonshire Arms; New Bath, C.T.C. ; 
Temple; Walker's. — Matlock: Midland.) 

Beautiful scenery all the way. Beyond Ambergate, on I., Alderwasley Hall. 
At Cromford is a cotton mill, erected by Sir Richard Arkwright, the inventor of 
the spinning frame, and now belonging to his descendants. On the r. is 
Willersley Castle, an elegant mansion belonging to the Arkwright's. Matlock is 
a favourite summer resort of invalids and tourists ; the former for the sake of 
its mineral springs, the latter to visit the beautiful scenery : there are also 
several natural caverns, and numerous Druidical and other antiquities in the 
neighbourhood. All the roads round Matlock have a good surface, and afford 
capital riding, but being hilly a good brake is required. There are some pretty 
rides to be had ; such as through Bonsai Hollow, the Via Gellia, up the hill, and 
then to the Black Rock and back, a very pretty ride. 

Matlock to Rowsley (5^ — 149f) ; up the left bank of the Derwent 
valley, through Darley, 147^, is undulating, but the road still continues 
I'ough ; just before Rowsley turn to I. and cross the Derwent. 

3m. north of Rowsley, up the Derwent valley is Chatsworth Ho. (Duke of 
Devonshire), which can be viewed any day. l^m.. beyond Rowsley, on the 
Bakewell road, is Haddon Hall (Duke of Rutland). Pretty scenery. At Stanton, 
on the I., are rocking stones and a Druidical circle. 

Howsley to Bakewell (3:^ — 153); the road now leaves the Derwent 
valley and runs up that of the B. Wye, which it crosses to the right bank 
at Fillyford Bridge, 160f ; pretty level, but the road still continues rough. 

(Bakewell : Castle and Commercial, B.T.G. ; Rutland Arms.) 

Beyond Fillyford Bridge on r., Haddon Hall. Bakewell is a great resort of 
tourists and anglers; there are also some warm baths of great repute : fine old cTi., 
partly Saxon, with several, curious monuments. Castle Hill. 

Bakewell to Buxton (12 — 165) ; the road now improves, and for 
the first 2 or om. through Ashford, 154|, is pretty level and affords good 
running, up Ashford Dale, crossing the B. Wye twice ; at Lees Bottom, 
156J, leave the Wye valley on r. (Monsal Dale and Miller's Dale) and there 
in a long, very steep hill to walk up to Taddington, 158f (this hill has a 
sharp turn, and bicyclists coming the contrary direction must be careful 
not to attempt riding down) ; from beyond Taddington is a long and steep 
descent with a sharp turn at the bottom, which should not be ridden down 
without a powerful brake, then following the right bank of the B. Wye the 
road is pretty level for last om., but bad again going into Buxton. 

{Buxton : Burlington ; Cheshire Cheese ; Crescent ; George ; Grove Com- 
mercial ; Lee Wood ; Old Hall; Palace; St. Ann's; Station; Shakesperian Com- 
mercial ; Swan.) 



168 

Buxton is surrounded by bleak hills and moors, amongst which is some pretty 
fcenery. It was celebrated for its hot baths in the time of the Romans, and is 
now greatly frequented in the summer and autumn. In the market place is a 
curious old cross. The chief objects of interest are Poole's Ilole, Diamond llill 
and Tower, Chee Tor {im. before Buxton on r.), Axe Edge, Marvel Stone, &c. 

Buxton to Whaley Bridge (6^ — 171|); for 25n. out of Buxton there 
is a steep hill to walk up, then the road winds about amongst the hills, and 
is downhill for nearly all the remaining 4lm. into Whaley Bridge : good 
hard road. 

Whaley Bridge to Disley (3^—1741) ; after Whaley Bridge the 
road becomes rough, but is level. 

At Disley, Tm. on L, Lyme Park and Hall. 

Disley to Stockport (6^—181) ; short ascent out of Disley, then 
downhill over bad pavement and macadam through Hoo Lane, 176|, and 
Norbury, 177^, to Bullock Smithy, 178^, whence it is level, but more or 
less paved through Hazelgrove, 178f , to Stockport, into and through which 
is a long stiff descent. 

{Stockport : George ; Vernon Arms.) 

Stockport is a large town on the B. Mersey, chiefly engaged in the cotton 
business. 

Stockport to Manchester, St. Ann's Square (6f— 187|); paved 
through Stockport, and long gradual rise out of the town, then level but 
nearly all paved, through Heaton ISTorris, 182|, Levenshulme, ISSf, Long- 
sight, 184|-, and Ardwick Green, 185f , a suburb of Manchester, and along 
the London road, with a short stiff ascent before Piccadilly, and through 
that and Market street : tram lines all the way. 

(Manchester: White Bear, Piccadillj'-, Hqrs.) 

Manchester is the great centre of the cotton manufacture, for which it 
contains mills and warehouses of leviathan proportions. The Cathedral, formerly 
a collegiate cli., was erected in 1422, and is a handsome edifice. The chief public 
buildings are the Town Hall, Exchauge, Assize Courts, Infirmary, Cheetham's 
Hospital School, Grammar School, Owen's College, Free Library, &c. 

Manchester to Bolton (11 — 198|) ; in Manchester, at the bottom 
of Market street, turn to I. and along Deansgate, Bridge street, over Albert 
Bridge (J^. Irwell) into Salford, 188 .j, then to Z. along Chapel street, in 
continuation of which the road rises gradually for half the way to Pendleton, 
190, and so far it is all paved ; thence it is undulating and nearly all 
roughly paved through Irlam-on-the-Height, 191^ (keep to v.), Pendlebury, 
192^ (keep to r. and shortly after to I.), Clifton, 193^, and Farnworth, 196| : 
this road is not fit for bicycling. 

{Bolton : Levar's Arms ; Swan ; Talbot's, temp. ; Victoria.) 
Bolton, or Bolton-le-Moors, is a large manufacturing town, chiefly engaged 
in the cotton trade, and is in the midst of a coal-mining district. At Farnworth, 
on r., Darley Hall. 

Bolton to Chorley (11.^ — 210^) ; loose undulating road througli 
Horwich, 203|, Smithy Bridge^ 204|, Duxbury, 207^, and Yarrow Bridge, 
209. 

[There is another and shorter road from Irlam-on-the-Height by turn- 
ing to I. and l?n. beyond to r., and then through Swinton, 192|, Stanney 
Btreet, Walkden Moor, 194^, Little Hulton, Peel, 195f , Middle Hulton, 198f , 
Over Hulton, 199^, Wingates (or Win Yate), 201|, Blackrod, 205, and 



1G9 

Adllnf^ton, 206i, joining the above road at Duxljurj, 207, thence througli 
YarroV Bridge;* 208|-, to Chorley, 210.] 

Beyond Horwich, on r., Eivington Reservoir, which supplies Liverpool with 
water. On I., pass Hulton Park, Adlington Hall, and Duxburj Hall. 

Chorley to Glasgow (193^—403^); through Preston, 219i,Garstang, 
230|, Lancaster, 242, Carnforth, 248, Burton, 253, Kendal,263|,'Shap,279i, 
Penrith, 289|, and Carlisle, 307£— pp. 157-61. 

LONDON TO MANCHESTER (by Macclesfield). 

London to Derby (125f)— p. 166. 

Derby to Ashbourne (13i— 139) ; through Mackworth, 128^ Kirk 
Langlcy, 130j, Brailsford, 132f, Shirley Bridge, 135|-, and Penters Lane, 
137, is a capital smooth road but hilly, some of the gradients being very 
steep ; into Ashbourne is a considerable descent, generally loose and stony. 

{Ashhourne : Green Man ; Eoyal.) 

Beyond Derby, on r., Markeaton Hall. At Kirk Langley, 2m. on r., 
Kedleston Hall. Ashbonmo is beautifully situated in the valley of the R. Dove, 
whicli forms the well-known and pretty Dove Dale, 3)u. north of the town : 
fine old church built in the 13th century. 

Ashbourne to Leek (15 — 154) ; cross B. Dove at Hanging Bridge, 
140f, and past the Bed Lion, 143|, over Calton Moor, to Winkhill Bridge, 
148, through New Street, 148|-, Bottom House, 149^, and Ashtonsitch, 151 ; 
long hill to climb out of Ashbourne, and for the first 4 or 5?)i. the road 
passes through a wild, bleak and desolate country ; after that it is very 
pretty, and is all up and down hill, nearly all of which can be ridden, but 
some of the ascents are very steep, and one or two rather dangerous to 
ride down in the reverse direction, the surface sometimes being rather stony. 

{Leek: Buck; George; Swan.) 

At Hanging Bridge, 3m. on Z., Colwich Abbey ; Im. on r., is Okeover Hall. 
Further on is Blore Heath, the scene of one of the battles in the Parliamentary 
"War. At Mayfield, on I. is the house where Moore wrote " Lalla Rookh." In Leek 
churchyard is a curious old cross. Here also are the remains of Dieu la Croix 
Abbey. In the neighbourhood is some romantic scenery. 

Leek to Macclesfield (13—167); out of Leek is a steep hill to 
descend from the Market place (almost too steep to ride up), then the road 
ascends more or less all the way for l^m. beyond Pool End, 155^, after 
which there is a long steady descent for about 3m. fast Budyard Lake or 
Keservoir and Rushton Marsh, 158f , to Hog or Hug Bridge {li. Dane), 160, 
and the rest is easy riding through Bosley, 1611^: good limestone road ; 
through Macclesfield is paved. 

(iraccJe.«/ieZd; Alcock's; Feathers; George; Macclesfield Arms; Queen's, B.T.C) 
Before Macclesfield, on Z., Park Ho. Macclesfield is one of the chief seats 
of the silk manufacture, and is a long Btraggling town. Beyond Maeclesfield, on 
r., Hurdsfield Ho. 

Macclesfield to Stockport (12 — 179); very good undulating road 
through Flask, 169, Butley, 170|, Hope Green, 173^ Poynton, 174i, 
Norbury, 175^ (fm. beyond join the Buxton road), to Bullock Smithy, 176^, 
whence it is level, but more or less paved through Hazelgrove, 176f, to 
Stockport, into and through which is a long stiff descent. 

Stockport to Manchester (6f— 185f)— p. 168/ 



170 
LONDON TO MANCHESTER (by Ashbourne and Buxton). 

(This is the shortest route to Manchester). 

London to Ashbourne (139) — p. 169. 

Ashbourne to Buxton (20| — 159^); through Sandy Brook, 140, 
Fenny Bentley, 141^, by JS'ew Inn, 144|- (near Alsop-in-le-Dale), Old Bear, 
Jug and Glass, Newhaven Inn, 148, Hen Moor, 152, Hurdlow House, 152|, 
and Over Street, 153f ; it is continually up and down hill, but a very smooth 

road. 

The road goes through some pretty scenery ; for many miles it runs 
parallel with Dove Dale on I. ; in the latter half of the stage it follows the line of 
the old Roman road, and close to it on L, is the old High Peak Mineral Railway. 
Near Newhaven Inn, on r., is a Druidical circle. 

Buxton to Manchester (22f— 182i)— p. 168: through Whaley 
Bridge, 166, Disley, 169j, and Stockport, 1752-. 

LONDON TO BURTON-UPON-TEENT (by Leicester). 

London to Leicester (97|) — p. 166. 

Leicester to Ravenstone (14 — lllf) through Grooby, lOlf, 
Markfield, 104|, and Hugglescote, 109^. 
On r. is Charnwood Forest. 

Ravenstone to Burton-upon-Trent (12 — 123f) ; by Ashby-de-la- 
Zouch, 114f— pp. 156-7. 

LONDON TO DERBY (by Asliby-de-la-Zoucli). 

London to Ashby-de-la-Zouch (114f ) — above. 

Ashby-de-la-Zouch to Derby (14| — 129^); by Staunton Harrold, 
119, Melbourne, 121f, Swarkestone, 124f, and Osmaston, 127f. 

LONDON TO MANCHESTER (by Wirkswortli). 

London to Derby (125f)— p. 166. 

Derby to Cross Hands Inn (8f— 134|) by Kedleston Inn, 129, 
and Weston-under-Wood, 132 ; keep to r. ^m. before Cross Hands Inn. 
On I., Kedleston Park, the magnificent seat of Lord Scarsdale. 

Cross Hands Inn to Wirksworth (b^ — 139f ) ; by the Black Swan at 
Idridgehay Green, 136J, Bateman Bridge, 138, and Wall Brook Bridge, 139^. 

[From Derby there is another road through Belper, 133^ (p. 167), and 
thence by Belper Lane End, 135:^, and over Wirksworth Moor to Wirhs- 
worth, 140.] 

(Wirksworth: Eed Lion.) 

Wirksworth is prettily situated in an amphitheatre of hills. 

Wirksworth to Cromford (2 — 141f ) ; into the latter is a fearful 
hill to descend, quite impossible to ride down. 

Cromford to Manchester (45| — 187i) ; through Matlock, 143f, 
Howsley, 149^, Bakewell, 152^, Buxton, 164^ &c.— pp. 167-8. 



171 

LONDON TO MANCHESTER (by Chapel-en-le-Fritli). 

London to Bakewell (153) — p. 167. 

Bakewell to Chapel-en-le-Frith (14| — 167|); the road now 
improves and is pretty level, and affords good running to AsMord, 154f, 
just before which cross B. Wye ; then keep to r. and the road becomes very 
hilly through Little Longstone, 155f, Wardlow, 168, Wardlow Tp., 158^, 
Tideswell Lane End, 160^, New Dam, 163f , and Sparrow Pit, 165f . 

At Tideswell Lane End on I. to Tideswell (^- — 160|). 

{Chapel-en-le-Frith : King's Arms ; Koyal Oak.) 

A few miles north of Chapel-en-le-Frith is the Peak mountain with Mam Tor, 
Peak Cavern, Odin Mine, Peak Castle, &c.; and more east Eldon Hole. 

Chapel-en-le-Frith to Whaley Bridge (3|— 171i). 

Whaley Bridge to Manchester (16^—187^)— p. 168. 

LONDON TO GLASGOW (by Ashbourne and Manchester). 

London to Manchester (182;^) — p. 170, 

Manchester to Glasgow (215|— 398); through Bolton, 193^, 
Chorley, 204f, Preston, 214, G-arstang, 225j, Lancaster, 236|, Carnforth, 
2421, Burton, 2471, Kendal, 258^, Shap, 274, Penrith, 284^, and Carlisle, 
302i— pp. 168-9. 

LONDON TO KENDAL (by Clitheroe). 

London to Manchester (182^)— p. 170. 

Manchester to Bury (9 — 191|) ; from the Exchange in Manchester 
turn to r. along Corporation street, then up the long gradual ascent of 
Cheetham Hill, a suburb of Manchester ; it is paved to Cheetham, 184, then 
(keeping to I. and shortly afterwards to r.) it is rough macadam through 
Great Heaton, 186^, to Whitefield (or Stand), 188^, whence, over Blackford 
Bridge, 189y, it is paved with large square stones, and also through Bury. 
[From Manchester there is a little shorter road by going through 
Strangeways, up the gradual rise of Broughton Hill, and through 
Prestwich, 186, to Whitefield, 188; the pavement extends for about a 
mile, then macadam,] 

At Cheetham, on I. (and at Broughton Hill, on r.) is Broughton Hall ; further 
on, on r., Heaton Hall. 

Bury to Edenfleld (6— 197i); through Walmsley, 193i, and 
Shuttleworth, 196^, is an undulating road with good hard surface, except 
for the pavement through the villages. 

At Shuttleworth, on a projecting spur of the hills, on r., is the Grant Tower, 
erected by the brothers W. & C. Grant, the original of the Cheeryble Brothers of 
Charles Dickens. On Holcombe Hill, across the Irwell valley, is the Peel 
Monument. 

Edenfleld to Haslingden (3-200|); through Edenfield is half a 
mile of pavement, and leaving the village keep to I., then it is downhill — the 
last bit rather stiff — to Ewood Bridge, 198f, where cross the railway and 
It. Irwell ; on the other side of the valley there is a gradual ascent of half 



172 

a mile, and after another stretch of pavement, Ji are is a long steady rise 
to Haslingden : good smooth and hard road;* JhisUngden is paved. 

Haslmgden is the highest town in Englanc\ 

{Haslingden : Bay Horse Inn ; Roebuck.) 

Haslingden to Accrington (4 — 204f) ; tlirongh Baxenden, 202|, is a 
good and gently undulating road, with scarcely a ly pavement between the 
two towns ; Accrington is all paved. 

(Accrington : Hargraves Inn, B.T.C.) 

Accrington to Whalley (5|— 2101); stifi pull out of Accrington, 
then moderately good road, with considerable fall at Clayton-le-Moors, 2O62-, 
and another to Cock Bridge, 208^ {B. Calder), from which there is a steep 
ascent, all paved with large stones, which on the top of the hill continue 
for ^m., and then very steep, dangerous descent into "VVhalley, where it 
meets the street at right angles ; short patch of cobble-stone paving 
through Whalley. 

On r., Clayton Hall ; at Cock Biidge, on I., More ton Hall. At Whalley are 
remains of the Cistercian Abbey; the ch. dates from 1100, and contains some 
curious carved stalls and monuments. On I., by li. Ribble, is Mitton Hall, and 
beyond it Bashall and Wliaddow Hall, all surrounded by charming scenery. 
Witton Church is one of tbe smallest in the kingdom. About 4»n. N.W. is 
Stonyhurst, the celebrated Jesuit College. 

Whalley to Clitheroe (4 — 214^) ; in Whalley turn to r. and it is a 
good undulating road, with a very sharp ascent just after entering 
Clitheroe, followed by a corresponding sharp descent at the other end of 
the town. 

{Clitheroe : Brownlow Arms ; Pendle ; Starlies Arms ; Swan.) 
At Clitheroe are remains of the castle erected by the Lacys soon after the 
Conquest, and dismantled by the Pai-liamentarians. About Sni. E. is Pendle Hill, 
1831 ft. high. 47ft. N.W. is Browsholme Hall, erected in the 15th century, and 
containing the original seal of the Commonwealth. 

Clitheroe to Gisburn (7 — 22 1^); fairly good and undulating road 
up the valley of the B. Ribble, through Chatburn, 215^, to Sawley, 217t> 
where turn to r. by the " Sawley Arms," and then you have Sawley Brow 
to climb, which is very steep, loose, and stony (not safe to ride cloimi the 
other way) ; this is followed by two or three shorter but stony ascents at 
intervals in the next 2m., and the rest is downhill, in one or two parts 
rather sharp, into Gisburn; after Sawley the surface for the most part is 
generally loose and stony. 

At Sawley, are remains of the Abbey. 

Gisburn to Long Preston (6^ — 22 7f) ; through ITewsholmo, 222 f, 
and Nappa, 224^, is rather hilly, but good travelling in fine weather. 

Long Preston to Settle (4^ — 232|) is a good limestone road, bufc 
sometimes rather rough ; downhill out of Long Preston, then almost level, 
running up the valley of the B. Ribble. 

{Settle : Commercial ; Golden Lion.) 



• The roads in N.E. Lancashire are nearly all made of the peculiar stone of the district, a 
kind of hard durable limestone, geologically linovv as " millstone grit," similar to the Loudon 
flagstones, and hero largely used in building; itis much superior to the granitic macadam, as it 
binds well, is not lumpy and uneven, and though slightly inclined to be greasy when wet, ia 
never dangerously so, as the water rung well off ; in dry weatner the dust formed is very 
powdery. 



173 

Settle is remarkable for its situation at the foot of an overlianging limestone 
rock. AfcAv miles E. are Malham Tarn and Malham Cove. 

Settle to Clapham (6,f — 239) ; cross B. Eibble to Giggleswick, 233, 
Avlience the road now ascends gradually for about 2m. over Giggleswick 
Scar or Craven Ridge, down the other side of which it falls away very 
sharply, and the last 3in. are level ; good running. 

(Clapham: New Inn.) 

N. of Clapliam are lagleborough, Wharnside, and Penygant mountains, 
Thornton Force cascade, and two caves of Yordas and Weathercote. 

Clapliam to Ingleton (4 — 2-13); through Newby, 240^, is a 
comparatively good hard road, but greasy when wet. 

Ingleton to Kirkby Lonsdale (7 — 250) ; hilly and rough road 
through Thornton, 244, and over Cowan Bridge, 247f . 

Kirkby Lonsdale to Kendal (12—262) ; good road through 
Kearswick, 251, Old Town, 253, and Old Hutton, 257^ 

LONDON TO BLACKBURN. 

London to Manchester (182|) ; by Ashbourne and Buxton— p. 170. 
Manchester to Bolton (11— 193i)— p. 168. 

Bolton to Blackburn (13— 206|); through Sharpies, 195, Walmsley, 
196J, Egerton, 197, and Over Darwen, 202^, is a hilly road. [There is au 
easier route, but longer round through Turton on r.] 

{Blaclchurn: Old Bull.) 

Near Turton is Turton Tower, and on Turton Heights is a Druidical circle. 

LONDON TO SKIPTON. 

London to Edenfleld (197i)— p. 171. 

Edenfleld to Rawtenstall (2f — 200) ; through Edenficld is Im. of 
pavement, and leaving the village keep to r., then it is a fairly good 
undulating road, with a long descent to Rawtenstall, entering which is a 
level crossing; |m. of square sett pavement through the town. 

Rawtenstall to Burnley (7| — 2071); except for two or three patches 
of pavement it is a tolerable and fairly level road to Crawshaw Booth, 202j, 
whence it is fairly good and hard, and gradually rises for about 2m. to the 
head of the valley, and there is a wijiding descent of about 2|m., in some 
parts rather steep, into Barnley, and which should be ridden down with 
great care ; Burnley is paved. 

{Burnley: Bull; Commercial; Old Eed Lion ; Thorn.) 

Burnley to Colne {6h — 214|) ; undulating road through Little 
Marsden, 210f, Higher Bradley, 211i, and Nelson, 212 (keep to v.). 

Colne to Skipton (13 — 227]-) ; \ecp straight on through Colne, hn. 
beyond to r., and then it is hilly by Laneshaw Bridge, 2165-, and through 
Ickornshaw, 219, to Glusburn, 221^, a mile beyond which join the Bradford 
road and turn to I. up the valley of the Aire ; bad for the first half, then a 
fsiir road almost level. [Or turn to I. at Colne and through Foulridge, 



174 

215|, Kelbrook,217, Thornton, 220, and Broughton, 223, to Skipfcon, 226; 
ifc is much easier, and after the first 2 or 3m. is level or gently downhill.] 
{Skipton : see post p. 179-) 

LONDON TO SKIPTON (by Bacup). 

London to Manchester (182|^) ; by Ashbourne and Buxton — p. 170. 

Manchester to Middleton (6^ — 188f) ; by the old road along 
Corporation street and up the long gradual ascent of Chcetham Hill, a 
suburb of Manchester ; it is paved to Cheetham, 184, then keep to r. and 
through Ehodes, 187f, is a macadam road, but with patches of paving, and 
where not paved is generally loose and dusty. [The new road along 
Eochdaleroad and through Harpurhey, 185, and Blackley, 186, to Middleton, 
188, is more hilly ; partly paved and partly macadam, which is generally 
rough and loose.] 

Just before Middleton, on r., Alkington Hall, 

Middleton to Rochdale (6— 194f ) ; through Trub Smithy (or Blue 
Pits), 191|, is a bad macadam road with a good deal of paving, and where 
not paved is generally loose and rough, and in dry weather dusty ; long 
steep hill to descend into Rochdale, pavement through the town. 

{Rochdale : Duke of Wellington, Rqrs. ; Reed.) 

Rochdale to Bacup (7 — 201|) ; macadam road, alternating with 
pavement through Shawclough, 195^, Whitworth, 1971-, and Leavengreave, 
198, to Shawfortii, 198f-, to which it is more or less on a gradual rise ; the 
rest is macadam and chiefly downhill to Bacup, with a steep paved descent 
into the town. 

Bacup to Burnley (8 — 209f ) ; the road runs up the valley of the U. 
Irwell ; for a mile or so the pavement continues till clear of the houses, 
then it gives way to very fair macadam, the road gradually rising for a 
couple of miles to the head of the valley and the last 3 or 4wt. being downhill 
into Burnley, the gradient being nowhere very steep, but the hill should be 
ridden down carefully. 

Before Burnley, on r., Townley Hall. 

Burnley to Skipton (19^—229^)— p. 173. 

LONDON TO BUENLEY (by Todmorden). 

London to Rochdale (194f) — above. 

Rochdale to Todmorden (9— 203f ) ; through Smallbridge, 196^, 
Littleborough, 198^, and Hundersfield, 199^, is a good hard road, undulating 
with two or three stiff hills either way ; Todmorden is not paved. 

{Todmorden: Golden Lion; Queen's; Stansfield's Temp. ; White Hart.) 

Todmorden to Burnley (9^— 213i) ; good macadam road, slightly 
uphill, through Portsmouth, 206|, to Calder Head, 207^, then nearly all 
downhill through Cliviger (or Holme), 209, except a moderate ascent about 
2in. before Burnley. 

LONDON TO APPLEBY. 

X.:)r.don to Kendal (267^)— p. 158. 



no 



Kendal to Orton (14—271^) ; when leaving Kendal turn to r. from 
the Shap road, and go through Lambrigg, 264, Grayrigg, 264^, over Low 
Borrow Bridge, 267^, and through Tebay, 269| (keep to r.), and across 
Orton Common ; steep hill up into Orton. 

The terminal " rigg," in the Lake District, means ridge or hill. All places 
with this ending are on a hill — usually a long or steep one. 

Orton to Appleby (10— 281^) : keep to r., and over Orton Moor, 
and Ravensworth and Meaburn Moors, and through Hough, 279Jy, and 

Burwall, 280|. 

(^Ajyjilehy : King's Head ; Tufton Arms.) 

Appleby Castle was rebuilt in 1686. It contains many curious portraits and 
relics. 

LONDON TO WOEKINGTON AND ALLONBY. 

London to Lindale (258^)— p. 161. 
Lindale to Cartmel (3i— 26U). 

(^Cartmel: Cavendish Arms, llqrs.^ 

At Cartmel is an ancient c/i., ouce a priory, founrlefl USS. 

Cartmel to Ulverston (7— 268|) ; through Holker, 263|, and then 
cross the Leven Sands to Ulverston. 

[There is a better road from Lindale by going to Staveley, 263 f, as at 
p. 162 ; then turn to L, cross over ISTewby Bridge, 2641, and again to I. 
through Haverthwaite, 266j, to Ulverston, 272|.] 

{Ulverston: Railway; San; Queen's.) 

On I., Holker Hall. At Ulverston, on L, Conishead Priory, a beautiful 
mansion, on the site of the ancient priory. 

Ulverston to Dalton-in-Furness (4 — 272^) through Lindal, 271. 

(Dalton : Furness Abbey.) 

About l^m. S. of Dalton are the ruins of Furness Abbey. 

Dalton-in-Furness to Kirkby (6^ — 279) through Kirkby Ii-eleth, 

275i. 

[Or, go direct from Lindal to Kirkby Ireleth (3 — 274). Thero is also a 
shorter road from Ulverston to Kirkby, 274|, but it crosses over the 
mountains.] 

Kirkby to Broughton-in-Furness (3j — 282.^). 
{Broughton-in. Furness : King's Head.) 

Broughton-in-Furness to Ravenglass (9 — 291^) ; cross Duddon 
Bridge, 283, and then over the moors at the back of Black Comb Mountain. 
[There is another road not so hilly by Whicham, 289^, Whitbeck, 290i, 
Bootle, 2931, Park Nook, 297, to Ravenglass, 301.] 

At Ravenglass, Iw. on r., Muncaoter Castle; l^m. further E. are remains 
called Barnscar, according to tradition a Daniiih city. 

Ravenglass to Egremont (12f— 304^); through Carleton, 294^. 
Gosforth, 297-i-, and Ponsonby, 299f . 

On I., Ponsonby Hall ; on r., Calder Abbey ruins, founded 1134. At 
Egremont are ruins of the castle. From Egremont, a good road runs up on r. to 
fost of Ennerdale lake, 7ni. 

Egremont to Whitehaven (5— 309^). 
(Whitehaven: Albion; Black Lion; Globe; Golden Lion.) 
On I., St. Bees Head and College. At Whitehaven the castle. 



176 

Whitehaven to Workington (8— 317i) ; tlirongh Moresby, 311^, 
and Distington, 313^, (a mile beyond keep to I.) 
(Wor/iington : Green Dragon ; Station.) 
At Distington, on I., ruins of Hayes Castle. On r., "Workington Hall. 

Workington to Maryport (5— 322^) ; tlirough Flimby, 320|. 
(Maryport: Golden Lion ; Senhouse Arms.) 

Maryport to Allonby (5 — 3271). 

LONDON TO MAEYPOET (by Keswick). 

London to Ambleside (270i) ; by Kendal— p. 163. 
Ambleside to Keswick (16— 286i)— p. 162. 

Keswick to Cockermouth (12— 298|) ; through Portinscale, 288, 
(Im. beyond keep to I.) Braithwaite, 2s9|^, and Lorton, 29-l|. [Or take 
the right hand fork Im. beyond Portinscale, and through Thornthwaite, 290 
by Swan Inn, 290f, and along the west shore of Bassenthwaite Water, by 
Smithy Green, 292f , Pheasant Inn, 293i2-, quarter of a mile beyond which, 
join the Carlisle road and turn to I. to Cockermouth, 299.] Pretty scenery. 

(Cockermouth : Globe; Peelwyke ; Sun.) 

At Cockermouth, ruins of the castle. In the neighbourhood are tumulus of 
Toots Hill, remains of an entrenchment, &c., at Fitt's Wood, and at Pap Castle 
traces of a Eoman camp. At Lorton, 4m. on I., is Crummock Water. 

Cockermouth to Maryport (7^—306); through Davenby, 301, and 
Ellenborough, 304^. 

LONDON TO BEOUGH. 

London to Lancaster (235|)— p. 158. 

Lancaster to Hornby (9 — 244-1) ; the road runs up the valley of the 
B. Lune through Bulk, 236|-, Caton, 240|, Claughton, 2435, ^^^ Parlton, 
244 ; it is loose in many places, and very rough. 

Pretty scenery. Beyond Bulk, on r., Quernmoor Park. At Hornby, the castle. 

Hornby to Burrow (6 — 250|) ; at Hornby keep to I. and the 
road follows the Lune Yaliey through Melling, 246j, [llvi. beyond, keep to 
l), and Tiinstall, 248f . 

[Or from Lancaster by Ilalton, 238}, Eed Well, 242f, Arkholmo, 
245}, IsTewton, 247|-, and Whittington, 248}, to the junction of the roads Im. 
beyond Burrow, and to Castertoii, 251A^.l 

At Tanstall, on r., Thurland Castle: Ipn. beyond Barrow, on L, |m. to 
Kirkby Lonsdale. 

Burrow to Sedborgh (11-^ — 262}); the road still follows the Lune 
valley; Im. beyond Burrow join the Settle road, and }»^. further keep to 
r., and through Casterton, 253}, andMiddleton,257}, and over New Bridge, 
259}, beyond wliich keep to r. for Sedbergh. 

(Sedbergh : Black Ball ; Ball Inn; King's Aims.) 

Sedbergh to Kirkby Stephen (13 — 275}); from Sedbergh, keep to 
I. up the valley of the R. Pother to Pother Bridge, 267}, then a steep hill to 
climb and over the moors to Kavcustouedale, 270|, whence it is chivliy 
downhill to Kirkby Stephen. 



Ill 

(iCtrihu Siephert ; Tleece; King's Head; King's Arms, B.T.C.) 
2 1)1. before Kirkby Stephen, on r., Wharton Hall. Near the towii are the 
ruins of Hartley Castle. 

Kirkby Stephen to Brough (41—280) ; through Broiigh Sowerby, 
278|. 

{Brough: Ferry; Station.) 

LONDON TO EOCHDALE (by Oldham). 

London to Buxton (159^) — ^p. 170. 

Buxton to Stockport (16— 175^)— p. 168. 

Stockport to Denton (4^ — 179|); in Stockport turn to r. and 
through Haughton, 178j. 

Denton to Ashton-under-Lyne (3— 182|) ; by Hooley Hill, 181, 
the road is paved all the way from Stockport, except a few occasional 
stretches of macadam at the sides. 

(Ashton-under-Lyne : Commercial.) 

Ashton-under-Lyne to Oldham (4^—187) ; in Ashton turn sharp 
to the left, and it is a straight road to Oldham. 
(Oldham : Angel.) 

^ Oldham to Rochdale (6—193); through Koyton, 189 (just before 
which keep to I.), and Bolderstone, 191 1. 

LONDON TO TODMORDEN (by Oldham). 

London to Oldham (187)— above. 

Oldham to Todmorden (13| — 200^ ; l^m. beyond Oldham, turn to 
r. and through Shaw, 190, Littleborough, 195, and Ilundersfield, 196. 

LONDON TO HUDDEESFIELD. 

London to Buxton (159 J) ; by Ashbourne, p. 170. 

Buxton to Chapel-en-le-Frith (5^ — 164|) ; turn ton in the middle 
of Buxton, and down the hill to B. Wye, when turn to /., up a steep hill to 
Fairfield, 160^, and through Plumpton, 163:^, where turn to I. 

[Or London to CJiapel-eu-le-Frith, 167^ — p. 171.] 

Chapel-en-le-Frith to Tintwistle (12^—177); turn sharp to r. in 
the former, and through Milton, 166, whence it is uphill through Chinley 
Head, 167^-, nearly to Hayfield, 169| ; after that it is downhill or undulating 
by Abbots" Chair, 17U, Chunal, 172^-, Whitefield, 173|, through Howard- 
town, 174, by Glossop Hall, 175^-, and through Hadfield, 176. 

Beyond Hayfield, ou r., is the mountain of Kinderscout, 1981 ft. high, tho 
loftiest summit of the Peak, whose huge mass lies behind it. At Howardtown, on 
r., is Glossop, a cotton manufacturing town. On I,, Im. distant, is Melandra 
Castle, the site of a lloman camp; a little farther on I., Monslow Castle. 

Tintwistle to Holmflrth (12—189); the road now runs up the 
valley of the B. Etherow (Longden Dale), past the Woodhead Eeservoirs to 
Woodhead, 180|, a little beyond which, take the left hand road up a side 
vallej for a. couple of miles ; then cross Holme Moss Moor, and there is « 

XT 



178 

steep winding descent of a mile to Holme, 186, and thence downhill 
through Holmbridge, 187^. 

Holmfirth to Huddersfield (6-195) ; take the left hand road 
which runs down the valley of and dose to E. Holme all the way, over 
Thong Bridge, 190, and through Honley, 191J, and Lockwood, 193^. 

2ls.o?Huddersfield, on Castle Hill, are remains of the Roman city of 

Cambodunum. 

LONDON TO KENDAL (by Wakefield). 

London to Derby (125|)— p. 166. 

Derby to Ripley (9i-135i); through Little Chester 126Hkeep to 
IX Little Eaton, 128|, Coxbench, 130^, Kilburn Tp, 132i, and Smithy 
Houses, 133i, is nearly level all the way ; in dry weather it is a good road, 
but when wet is very heavy, on account of the coal tratfac. 

(Ripley: Cock; Red Lion; Temperance; Thorn Tree; White Lion.) _ 

l7,^ beyond Derby, on I., Davley Abbey ; at Little Eaton, Im. on r, the Priory ; 
at Coxbench, on r., Horsley Castle. 

Ripley to Alfreton (3^— 138|) ; through Swanwick, 137i, is very 
hilly ; long descent into Alfreton. 

{Alfreton : Angel ; Castle Inn ; George.) 

At Alfreton is a very old ch. 

Alfreton to Chesterfield (11^—150) ; long ascent out of Alfreton, 
then rather hilly through Shirland, 140f, Higham, 141|, Stretton, 143, 
Clay Cross Tp., 144^, and Tupton, 145i: the surface is at times rather 
shaky for quick travelling. 

'Chesterfield: Angel; Scarsdale ; Star; Temperance.) 

2m. before Chesterfield, on I., Wingerworth Hall. Chesterfield cJi. was 
erected in the 13th century, and possesses a curious crooked spire. 

Chesterfield to Dronfleld (5|— 155^) ; over Whittington Common 
15U, and through Unston, 1541, is very hilly, with long ascent through 
Dro'nfield: macadamised, rough and shaky, all the way, bad travelling m 

wet weather. 

(Bronfield : Red Lion, Hqrs.) . 

On Whittington Moor, on the r., was a public house called Revolution House, 
where the Revolution of 1688 was planned. 

Dronfield to Sheffield (6|— 162) ; through Little Norton, 157j, and 
Heely Tp., 160, is a similar kind of road, but much more up hill than down: 

through Sheffield is paved. ^. , ^ -, -d m n 

{Sheffield: Black Swan; Buncliffe Oaks ; Clarence; Kings Head, B.I.L.; 

Yellow Lion.) , ., . ^^nn c -nri -4- 

At Little Norton, Im. on I., is Beauchief Abbey, founded m 1163 foi' White 
Canons, in expiation of the murder of Thomas a Becket. Sheffield is noted as the 
chief seat of the cutlery trade, with manufactories of plated goods and similar 
articles. It has some fine public buildings, as Cutlery Hall, Corn Exchange, 
Assembly Hall, PubKc Baths, Botanical Gardens, Theatre, Institutes, &c. 

Sheffield to Barnsley (13*— 175^); long ascent out of Sheffield to 
Pittsmoor, 163, then through Chapel Town, 168, to Wood Hill, 169|, is a 
very hilly road, some of the hills being dangerously steep, especially one 
or two near Chapel Town ; from Wood Hill it is nearly aU a gradual 
iowu Mil into Worsborough. 173, then come a steep ascent and another 



179 

run down of 2ni. into Barnsley : first half a macadamised road, but after 
Wood Hill it is very good and smooth. 

{Barnsley : King's Head; Royal, B.T.C.) 

At Worsborough, Im. on I., is Wentworth Castle, a modern elegant mansion, 
occupying the site of an ancient fortress. 

Barnsley to Wakefield (lOJ — 186); long ascent out of Barnsley, 
and it is a good road all the way through Staincross, 179, by New Miller 
Dam, 182^, and through Milnthorpe, 183^, and Sandal Magna, 184 : paved 

through Wakefield. 

{Wakefield: Bull; Royal; Stratford Arms.) 

Beyond Staincross, on r.. Notion Hall ; further on, on I., Wooley Hall ; Im. 
farther on r., Chevet Hall. On 1-, Sandal Castle. Wakefield is one of the chief 
markets of the corn trade; All Saints c/i. has the loftiest spire in the county; 
there is also a beautiful Gothic chapel, erected by Edward IV. 

Wakefield to Bruntcliff (7|— 193|) ; through East Ardsley, 189^, 
and Tingley, 191, is a fair road. 

Bruntcliff to Bradford (6^—200); through Drighlington, 195, 
Wisket Hill, 196^, and Dudley Hill, 198 ; the road rapidly deteriorates and 
becomes very bad for the last few miles, being mostly made with slagg and 
dross from ironworks in the neighbourhood. The streets of Bradford are 
paved. 

(Bradford: Belle Yue ; Commercial; George Inn; New Imperial, Hqrs.; 
Spotted House ; Talbot Inn; Victoria.) 

About 5m. E. of Bradford and N. of Drighlington, is the Moravian colony or 
settlement of Fulneck. Bradford is a large well-built town, remarkable as being 
nearly all of stone. 

Bradford to KeigMey (10| — 210|) ; the first 2m. are paved, then a 
good ironstone road without any hills all the way through Cottingley, 203|, 
over Cottingley Bridge {B. Aire), 204f , then up the valley of the Aire and 
through Bingley, 206, and traversing 'Nab Wood ; Im. before Keighley, 
re-cross B. Aire; entering Keighley is a level railway crossing, and 
through the town is paved and rather rough. [There is another road on r. 
through Manningham, where there are large silk mills employing 6,000 to 
7.000 hands, and by the model town of Saltaire, both of which are worth 
seeing : nearly Im. longer.] 

(Bingley : Fleece. — Keighley : Devonshire.) 

In Keighley churchyard is a gravestone bearing date 1023. At Bingley, on I., 
Harden Grange. 

Keighley to Kildwick (5| — 216) ; a good road and nearly level 
running up the valley of the B. Aire, through Steeton, 2135-, Eastburn, 214J, 
and Cross Hill, 21b^, where keep to r. 

Kildwick to Skipton (4|— 220^) is a fair road almost level, up 

the Aire valley. Pretty scenery. 

(Skipton: Black Horse, B.r.O. ; Craven; Devonshire; Ship.) 

At Skipton is the old castle, erected soon after the Conquest ; it was besieged 

for several months by Cromwell, in 1645. About 6ni. E., are the ruins of Bolton 

Priory, in the romantic Wharfedale, a mile distant being the chasm of the Strid, 

and in the vicinity the ruined fortress of Barden Tower. 

Skipton to Gargrave (4^ — 224 1) ; it is quite level through Sturton, 
221|-, Thorlby, 222J, and Holme Bridge, 224, and a good limestone road. 
At Gargrave are traces of a Roman encampment. 

n2 



180 

Gargrave to Long Preston (7 — 231J) ; tlie road continues nearly 
Jevel to Cold Coniston, 226|, then it begins to rise over Coniston Moor and 
there is a long hill to climb ; after traversing Coniston Moor it descends 
again at Hellifield, 229^, and is pretty level to Long Preston ; it is a good 
limestone road on the whole, but sometimes rather rough. 

iiong Preston to Kendal (34^—266)— pp. 172-3. 

LONDON TO KENDAL (by Halifax). 

London to Barnsley (175^) — p. 178. 

Barnsley to Hill Top (9J— 184f ) ; hill to climb out of Barnsley, 
then the road for tiie first 47n. is all downhill, but rather rough, through 
Darton, 1782^, to Upper and Lower Swithen, 180, after which there are some 
very trying ascents and descents thi'ough Bretton, 182, Midgeley, 183j, and 
Cold Henley, 184^, 

Before Bretton, on I., Haigh Hall and Bretton Hall. 

Hill Top to Hiiddersfleld (7|— 192^); the road continues rather 
hilly through Flockton, 185|^, to Lepton, 188, beyond which there is a very 
long and trying descent, the last mile of which is just too steep to ride 
down ; from the bottom the road is very rough through Dalton Green, 191^, 
into Huddersfield, the streets of which are paved. 

[There is another road keeping to I. 2m. out of Barnsley and going 
through Cawthorne, Sude Hill, Honley, and Lockwood, the distance being 
about the same.] 

(Huddersfield: Cherry Tree.) 

Huddersfield to Halifax (8—200^), by Fixby Hall, 194*, and 
through EUand, 197^, and over Salter Hebble Bridge, 198J. 
(Halifax : White Swan.) 

Halifax to Denholme Gate (5^206), through Wlieatley, 201 i, 
Ovenden, 202, Illingworth, 203, St. Johns, 204, and SwillhiU End, 204|. 

[Or from Huddersfield through Brighouse, Ripperholme, and Queens- 
head ; about the same distance ; a very steep hill to walk up out of 
Huddersfield, then the road is fair for a few miles, then comes a very steep 
hill down into Brighouse, out of which is another hill to climb, and the 
rest pretty le^rel but rather rough road.] 

Denholme Gate to Keighley (6i— 212^), through Denholme, 207, 
Denholme Park, and CuUingworth, 209. 

Keighley to Kendal (55|— 268i)— p. 179, and above. 

LONDON TO CHESTERFIELD (by Heage). 

London to Derby (125f)— p. 166. 

Derby to Duf0.eld (4^ — 130^) ; rather up and down hill past Darley 
Chapel and through Allestree, 1281 ; the road is good for the first 2 or 3m., 
then it deteriorates. 

Duflaeld to HeagO (5f— 136); cross the E. Derweilt and through 
Bargate, 132|, 

Heage to Higham (of— 141f ) ; by Peacock Lm^ 13D|. 
At Peacock Inn, on L, Wingfield Manor Ho, in ruins. 



ISl 

Higham to Chesterfield (8i— 150)— p. 178. 

[There is another road through Belper 133i-, as at p. 167, and thence 
to Heage : about the same distance. Or to Ambergate, 136f , as at p. 167, 
then keep to r. and join the above route about Im. beyond Heage ; nearly 
Im. longer.] 

LONDON TO SHEFFIELD (by Baslow). 

London to Bakewell (153) — p. 167. 

Bakewell to Baslow (3| — 156^) ; ^7n. out of Bakewell keep to r., 
and Im. afterwards to I. 

[There is another road from Uowsley, 149| — p. 167, through Edensor, 
along the right bank of the B. Derwent : or along the left bank and by 
Chatsworth Ho. : by either route to Baslow, 4| — 154|.] 

(Basloiu : Devonshire Arms j Peacock ; Wheatsheaf .) 

Baslow to Sheffield (12|— 169^) ; at the ^Hieatsheaf, ^m. out of 
Baslow keep to I., and also again a short distance further on ; the road runs 
up a valley for 2 or 3m., then cross East Moor by Car Top, 160^, to Totley, 
163, whence it is downhill or level into Sheffield. 

2 or 3)71. beyond Baslow, on a hill on the r., Nelson's Monument. 

LONDON TO SHEFFIELD (by Hassop). 

London to Bakewell (153) — p. 167. 

Bakewell to Hassop (2f— 155|) ; im. out of Bakewell take the left 
hand road. 

Hassop to Grindleford Bridge (3|— 159J), through Calver, 157^, 
a little beyond which keep to I. 

Grindleford Bridge to Sheffield (10— 169|); cross B. Derwent 
and follow up a small valley for a mile or two, then, a very steep hill to climb 
on to High Moors, which cross to Eingingjow Tj^., 164|, and then through 
Bent's Green, 166i, and Little Sheffield, 168^. 

About 2m. beyond Grindleford Bridge, on the hill on I., is a remarkable 
rocking stone. 

LONDON TO HATHERSAGE. 

London to Grindleford Bridge (159|)— above. 

Grindleford Bridge to Hathersage (3— 162A) ; turn sharp to I. at 
Grindleford Bridge instead of crossing the B, Derwent, and follow up the 
Derwent valley. 

{Hathersage : George.) 

LONDON TO LEICESTER (by Welford). 

London to Welford (80i)-p.l54. 

Welford to Husband's Bosworth (2i— 82f). 

Husband's Bosworth to Leicester (13i— 96^) ; hill out of 
Husband'sBosworth, descent into Shearsby, 81 L then through Arijesby, 
88i Wigston, 92f, an(i Knighton, 94f, ^ ' "^ 



182 

LONDON TO HUDDERSFIELD (by Penistone). 

London to Sheflaeld (162)— p. 178. 

Sheffield to Penistone (12^—1741); through Owlerton, 163f, 
where take the right hand road over Wadsley Bridge, 164^, then a long 
steep hill to mount to Greenoside, 166j, and through Wortley, 170, and 
Thui'goland, 171|. [There is another road to Wortley by turning to I. at 
Chapel Town on the Barnsley road, p. 178 : distance the same.] 

Penistone is situate on the R. Don, a few miles from its source., and in a wild 
and dreary district, all westward being moorlands. 

Penistone to Huddersfield (131 — 187f); through Ing Birchworth, 
176|, Over Shepley, 180, High Burton, 183, Fenay Bridge, 184^, and Dalton 
Green, 18Gf . [Or a mile before Over Shepley turn to I. do^vn to Sude 
Hill, and through Honley and Lock wood. Or there is another road from 
She'ffleld, by keeping to I. at Owlerton, whence the road runs up the valley 
of the B. Don, close by the side of the river, through Oughtibridge to 
Deep Car; here follow the valley of the Little Don through Middopstones, 
a couple of miles beyond which the road leaves the valley and crosses 
over the moors to Sude Hill : by this road 25»».] 

LONDON TO HINCKLEY (by Rugby). 

London to Duneliurcli (79|) — p. 139. 

Dunchurch to Rugby (2^—82^) ; turn to r. in Dunchurch, and ^m. 
further on to I. : good road with a stifi hill to rise to Rugby. 

(Eugh]/ : George; Eailwayinn; Eoyal George.) 

At Rugby is the celebrated school : there are also remains of a castle. On /., 
Bilton Hall. 

Rugby to "Wolvey (10| — 92|) ; cross the B. Avon Im. out of Rugby 
and through Newbold-upon-Avon, 83f , Harborough Magna, 85|, Pailton, 
87 (keep to Z,), Stretaston, 88, and Withybrook, 905- : very good going. 

Wolvey to Hinckley (4^ — 97); about half way, cross Watling 
Street : very good road. 

LONDON TO EUGBY (by Northampton). 

London to Northampton (65f ) — p. 154. or p. 156. 

Northampton to West Haddon (11 — 76f); in ISTorthampton turn 
to I., and hn. further keep to r, and through Dallington, 67^, Harlestone, 69|, 
a-nd East Haddon, 73^. 

Beyond Harlestone, on I., Harlestone Hall and Althorp Park. 

West Haddon to Rugby (8-84f) ; through Crick, 79i, a mile 
beyond cross Watling Street, and a steep hill up to Hill Morton, 82;^, a mile 
beyond keep to the r., and then down into Rugby. 

LONDON TO LUTTERWORTH (by Daventry). 

London to Daventry (72) — p. 139. 



183 

Daventry to Kilsby (6 — 78) ; turn to r. when leaving Daventry, 
and through Ashby St. Ledgers, 76 : hilly road, descent into Kilsby. 

Kilsby to Lutterworth (10 — 88); l^w, beyond Kilsby, join the 
Watling Street, and over Dove Bridge {B. Avon), 83, and through Shawell, 
85. 

LONDON TO NUNEATON (by Rugby). 

London to Wolvey (92|)— p. 182. 

Wolvey to Nuneaton (5^ — 98^) ; ^m. beyond Wolvey turn to Z. and 
tlirough Shelford, 99f. 

LONDON TO EDINBURGH. 

London to Carlisle (301|)— p. 159. 

Carlisle to Longtown (8| — 3IO5) ; after crossing the bridge over 
the U. Eden there is a stiff hill to mount going through Stanwix, 302|, a 
suburb of Carlisle; here the road to Newcastle must be passed on r., then 
it is good and nearly level, a mile further on keeping to r. through 
Blackford, 305|, and West Linton, 30 7i. 

(Longtoiun : Graham's Arms.) 

Longtown to Langholm (11^^ — 32 1|); through Kirk Andrews, 
313, Scots Dyke Tg., 313| (here enter Scotland), Cannobie Kirk, 316, 
and Gilnockie Ruins, 317; the road runs up the valley of the B. Esk, 
and continues good, but is undulating and gradually gets more hilly: 
pretty scenery. 

{Langholm: Crown, B.T.C.) 

Gilnockie Hall and Hallows Tower were formerly the residence of the 
renowned Johnny Armstrong. On I., Langholm Castle (Duke of Buccleugh). 

Langholm to Mosspaul Inn (10 — 331|) ; the road now leaves the 
valley of the B. Esk, and follows that of the Ewes Water, up amongst the 
Cheviot Hills, through Ewes Kirk, 326, Eedpath, 326^, and Fiddleton Tg., 
329^ ; it is mostly on the ascent, but nearly all of it can be ridden : very 
good road. At Mosspaul Inn the summit of the Cheviot Hills is reached. 

2m. from Eedpath, on r., chapel ruins. Grand scenery. 

Mosspaul Inn to Hawick (12f — 344^); the road ryns for some 
distance through a mountain pass on the top of the Cheviots, then down 
the valley of a tributary stream of the B. Teviot, and, except a few short 
rises, is on the fall through Binks, 335 j, and Allanmouth, 340;^, to Hawick : 
very good surface. 

(Hairick : Buccleugh Arms ; Tower, B.T.C) 

At Binks are ruins of Carlowrie Chapel ; at Allanmouth, on r., are ruins of the 
castle; 2?/i. further Goldiland ruins. Fine scenery. 

Hawick to Selkirk (11^ — 355|) ; cross the B. Teviot, and then there 
is a long steep hill out of Hawick to Wilton Kirk, 345, with some more 
hilly riding through Newtown, 346f , and over the moors to Ashkirk, 350| ; 
out of here there is another long ascent, and the road continues hillj 
through Selkirk Tg., 352|, to Selkirk. 

(Selkirk: County, B.T.C. ; Cross Keys, Hqrs.) 

On I. of Selkirk is Philiphaugh, were the Koyalist army under Montrose wa.: 
defeated by the Parliamentarians. 



184 

Selkirk to Crosslee Tg. (9— 364f) ; long descent out of Selkirk to 
the bridge over the B. Ettrick, and a corresponding ascent on the other 
side of the river, then another descent to Fernielie Bridge, 359f , over the 
R. Tweed, and hilly and indifferent road to Crosslee. [There is another 
and easier road from Selkirk by following the B. Ettrick down to its 
junction with the Tweed, 369, then cross the river and it is hilly through 
Galashiels, 361:^, to Crosslee; about the same distance.] 

(Galashiels : Maxwell's, B.T.C. — Melrose : Station.) 

From Galashiels, on r., to Melrose, 4|m., very good but undulating road. 
Here are the ruins of the celebrated abbey, the finest specimen in Scotland of 
rich Gothic architecture. 

Crosslee Tg. to Bankhouse Inn (6— 370|); rather liilly and 
indifferent road through Stagehall, 368. 

About l^m. beyond Crosslee, on I. l^m., upon Lugate Water the ruina of 
Lugate Castle. 

Bankhouse Inn to Middleton (8|— 379J) ; a similar kind of road 
through Heriot House Tg., 376, and Swirehouse, 377f . 

Before Heriot Tollgate, on r., Kaythe Castle, and in the neighbourhood are 
the remains of several camps. Near Middleton, on r., ruins of Borthwick Castle, 
and beyond ruins of Crichton Castle. Im. before Middleton, about |m. on r., 
Half Law Kiln, Roman camp in connection with that above Dalkeith. 

Middleton to Laswade (6f — 386^) ; rather hilly but good road 
through New By ers, 382^,Dalhousie,384f ,and Hillhead,385f ; pretty scenery. 

At New Byers, ruins of the castle; beyond, X-ockpen Ho. At Dalhousie, on 
I., Dalhousie Castle. At Hillhead, on r., Newbattle Abbey ; near Laswade, 
Melville Castle, Roslin Castle, ajid Hawthornden Ho. 

Laswade to Edinburgh (6^—392^); through Kellifield, 388f, 
Libberton Kirk, 389^, and Powburn, 390|; approaching Edinburgh the 
road becomes macadamised and is rather shaky. 

{Edinburgh: Imperial; Princes; Rutland; Waverley Temp.; Windsor; 
Young's B.T.G.) 

LONDON TO KENDAL (by Nottingham). 

London to Barnet (11^) — p. 137. 

Barnet to Hatfield (8| — 19|); keep to r. past the obelisk at 
Monken Hadley, 12, and through Ganwick Corner, 13, Potters Bar, 14|- 
(beyond here take the left hand road), Little Heath Lane, 15j, and Bell 
Bar, I7i (keep to Z.), is a splendid smooth road, for the most part gently 
undulating ; past Potters Bar a long hill to run down followed by one or 
two hills to rise, and a long gradual decline approaching Hatfield. 

{VottersBar: Old Eobin Hood, B.T.C— Hatfield : One Bell; Bed Lion, 
B.T.C. ; Salisbury Arms ; Swan.) 

At Monken Hadley, on I., Wrotham Park. At Potters Bar, on r., Clock Ho. • 
2in. further on I., Gobions and Brookmans Park. Before Hatfied, on r., Hatfield 
Ho. (Marquis of Salisbury). 

Hatfield to Welwyn (5^ — 25^) ; in Hatfield take the left hand road, 
and after crossing over the railway bridge it is pretty level for about a mile 
through Stanborough, 21^, then uphill for l^m. near by Lemsford Mills, 22|, 
to Brickwall, 23^, and downhill from Digswell Hill, 23f , into Welwyn, the 
last part of it Ijeing rather steep and winding, and should be ridden 
carefully ; very good road. 



185 

{DigswellHill: Eed Lion. — Welwyn : \Yel\mgion Commercial; White Hart.) 
At Lemsford Mills, on I., Brocket Hall. At Welwyn, on r., Danesburj. 

Welwyn to Hit chin (9—34^) ; rather uphill out of Welwyn through 
Codicote, 26|-, to Knebworth, 29^, thence through Langley, 29f ; a mile of 
downhill aud uphill twice, alternate, then downhill to near Ippolits, 33, Iw. 
uphill, and a rather steep fall past Priory Park into Hitchin : splendid road. 

(Hitchin : Sun ; Swan.) 

On r., Knebworth Park, the residence of the late Lord Lytton, the celebrated 
novelist. Hitchin ch. dates from the time of Henry VI., and contains a fine altar- 
piece by Eubens. 

Hitchin to SheflPord (7 — 41:^) ; very fair road with no hills to speak of 
About 2m. beyond Hitchin, cross Icknield way or road; about 2m, on r., is 
an ancient entrenchment called Wilbury Hill. 

Shefford to Bedford (9— 50^) ; long rise out of Shefford, then level 
by Deadman's Cross, 43^, Herring Green, 46^, Cotton End, 46|, and 
Ilarrowden, 47|, except descent to Herring Green and another to Harrowden : 
excellent gravel road. 

{Bedford: Bear Inn; Bedford Arms; Clarence, Hqrs., B.T.C.; George j 
Lion; Kose, Hqrs., B.T.C. ; Swan.) 

Im. beyond Shefford, on ?., Chicksand Priory ; beyond Deadman's Cross, on r., 
Warden Abbey. In Bedford gaol, Bunyan wrote " Pilgrim's Progress;" he waa 
born at Elstow, a village l^m. S.W., where the cottage still stands. 

Bedford to Bletsoe (6|— 56') ; through Clapham, 52^, and Milton 
Ernest, 55:^, is a good undulating road with an excellent surface, but in wet 
weather heavy ; part of the way it runs alongside the B. Ouse. 

{Clapham : Swan.) 

Bletsoe to Higham Ferrers (8| — 65) ; at Bletsoe keep to I. ; good 
■undulating road through Knotting, 60^, Westwood Tp., 60|, and Eushden, 
63f ; two very steep hills to walk up : excellent surface but in wet weather 
heavy. 

{Higham Ferrers : Green Dragon.) 

Im. beyond Bletsoe, on r., Bletsoe Park; beyond Netting, on r., Higham 
Park. At Higham Ferrers are traces of the castle. The ch. contains some fine 
monuments. A college was founded here by Archbishop Chichele, in 1422, and 
some remains of it still exist. Curious old market cross. 

Higham Ferrers to Finedon (4 — 69) ; very rough macadam road, 
crossing the R. Neu a mile beyond Higham Ferrers, and then through 
Irthlingborough, 67, where keep to r. by the ch. 

Irthlingborough is locally shortened to Artleboro'. At Finedon, on I., 
Finedon Hall. 

Finedon to Kettering (5|— 74f) ; through Burton Latimer, 71^, 
and Barton Seagrave, 73, is a hilly and very bad macadam road, frequently 
very rough and rutty. 

{Ketteriyig : George ; Royal ; Railway Commercial.) 

At Warkton ch., 2m. on r. of Kettering, are some old monuments of the 
Moutagu family ; beyond it Boughton Ho. 

Kettering to Rockingham (8f — 83^) ; by Oakley Inn, 79^, is 
macadam all the way, and the first 6m. very bad ; there is one steep ascent 
to climb, and a very steep hill with 3 or 4 sharp turns to walk down into 
Bockingharo, not safe to ride down- 



186 

The road passes through part of the district known as Hockingham Forest, 
which formerly extended as far as Oundle. There are remams of a strong castle 
fortress, erected by William the Conqneror. The c/i was partially destroyed by 
Cromwell, but contains some fine monuments. At Oakley Inn, Im. on L, Ripwell 

Bockingham to Uppingham (5i-89) ; cross the E. Welland, and 
the road is ve?y good and quite level to Caldecot, 85, then it is macadam, and 
undulating to'Uppingham ; the last 2m. are very bad, with two very steep 
hills— too steep to ride either up or down— going into Uppingham. 

(Uppingham: Cross Keys; Falcon.) 

Ancient Gothic ch. at Uppingham; also free school and hospital, founded an 
1584. The town is in the form of a square. 

Uppingham to Oakham (6-95) ; leave Uppingham by the N.E. 
corner; and it is a little better going through Preston, 90f , and Manton, 
92A • very good undulating road for first few miles, terminating with a very 
steep descent, too steep to be ridden with safety then a corresponding 
ascent, from the top of which the road is very good and nearly level into 
Oakham. 

(Oakham : Crown.) , ,. _ . n ri i. „ rrv,^^« 

Oakham, the county town of Rutland, is situate m the Yale of Catmos. There 
are remains of a castle erected in the reign of Henry IL, ^ ^^equent ly in the 
occupation of the Plantagenet princes, part of it now used as the county hall. 
Oakham is remarkable for its ancient custom of claiming ahorse shoe from a peer 
who passes through it for the first time. About 2m. on r., is the magnificent seat 
of Burley-on-the-Hill. 

Oakham to Melton Mowbray (10A-105i) • keep to j. entering 
Oakham, and through Barleythorpe, 96^, Langham, 9/i Leesthorpe, 101 
and Burton Lazars, 103f, is a very good undulatmg road with no very steep 
hills. Melton Mowbray is paved with cobble stones. xr v, . 

(Melton Mowlray: Ben e^ndS^^n; Flying Childers ; George, Harboro 

^"^MeUon Mowbray is the centre of a great hunting and sporting district, more 
particularly the Melton Hunt takes its name from here. 

Melton Mowbray to Nottingham (181-124); the first 27>i. out 
of Melton are all uphill, but rideable, then pretty level for a shoH distance, 
after which it is very hilly, as the road begins to rise ov^r the Wolds, and 
a lot of walking up and down has to be done ; through Kettleby, 108^, and 
Nether Broughton, llli, to Upper Broughton, 112 ; from here by Widmer- 
poollnn, 115%nd through Plumptree, 118^, it is nearly all down hill to 
Trent Bridge 123, a splendid road for about 8m., but the last 4m. bemg 
rather bum^y ; between Upper Broughton and Plumptree it crosses over 
the Wolds : through Nottingham is paved. ^ , , 

moittug/iam .• Clarendon ; Commercial; Flying Horse ; George; Globe; 
Half Moon; Lion and Maypole; Ramsden's ; Wellington.) 

Nottingham is a large town, chiefly engaged in the ^^^k, lace and hosiery 
Hianufactufes. The principal public buildings are Exchange County and Town 
Halls, St. Mary's ch., &c. ; there is also a museum. The market place xs the 
largest in England : it is celebrated for the annual goose fair. The castle was 
founded Sywlbam'the Conqueror, and after being dismantled by the Pfrhamen ; 
• arians, wks rebuilt at the Eestoration ; it was sacked and burnt duiing the 
Reform Riots, and is now in ruins. 

Nottingham to Mansfield (14r-138) ; just out of Nottingham there 



187 

are three very stiff hills to mount, the first two rideable and not very 
difficult, but the last one, Ked Hill, 128|-, being much steeper, and almost 
too much to ride up ; after this the road is nearly level, with a splendid 
surface, through the old Sherwood Forest, and past the Hutt Inn, 133^ ; 
downhill into Mansfield. 

{Mansfield : Swan ; White Bear.) 

Sm. beyond Red Hill a little on L, Papplewick Hall. At the Hutt Inn, on I., 
N'ewstead Abbey, once the property of the Byron family. 2m. on r., are some 
Dmidical remains. At Red Hill, on r., is the site of an ancient camp. About 
l^m. N.W. of Mansfield are the remains of two Roman villas, discovered in 1786. 
N.E. of the town are Hallam's Grave; further on an ancient camp, and at 
Clipstone, a few miles off, the ruins of a palace of Henry II. and King John. 
Sherwood Forest abounds in reminiscences of Robin Hood. 

Mansfield to Clown (10—148) ; keep to Z. out of Mansfield and the 
road is very hilly to Pleasley, 141, where take the right hand fork, and it 
is tolerably level through Stone Houghton, 142, and Scarcliff, 144. 

At Pleasley, a little on the r., is the site of a Roman villa. Beyond Scarcliff, 
on I., is Bolsover Castle (Duke of Poi-tland). 

Clown to Rotherham (12—160); through Knitacre, 149| {^m. 
beyond turn to I., and after crossing the Chesterfield canal, 153, keep to r. 
for) Aughton, 156, and Whiston, 158; the road gradually becomes more 
hilly, some of the hills too steep to be ridden either up or down ; the streets 
of Rotherham are paved. 

(Botherham : Crown ; Red Lion.) 

At Knitacre, on I., Barlborough Hall. 

Rotherham to Wentworth (5| — 165^) ; after crossing the B. Don, 
and keeping first to r. then to I., there is a tremendously steep hill to climb 
out of Rotherham, then there is a very good road through Greasborough, 
161|, and Nether Hough, 162f, to Wentworth. 

Just before Wentworth, on i., is Wentworth Ho., the magnificent seat of 
Earl Fitz William. 

Wentworth to Barnsley (7^—1721) ; l^m. beyond Wentworth join 
the Sheffield road ; splendid road, with a surface like a billiai-d table, nearly 
all a gradual downhill into Worsborough, 170, then comes a steep ascent 
and another run down of 2m. into Barnsley. 

[There is another road from Rothei-ham by turning to I. when across 
the B. Don, and through Kimberworth, 162^, to Chapel Town on the 
Sheffield road, thence to Barnsley as at p. 178 ; a mile longer.] 

Barnsley to Kendal (90^—263) ; through Wakefield, 183, Bradford, 
197, Keighley, 207i, Skipton, 217i, Settle, 233^, Clapham, 240, Ingleton, 
244, and Khkby Lonsdale, 251, pp. 179-80. 

LONDON TO HITCHIN (by St. Albans). 

London to St. Albans (20f)— p. 137. 

St. Albans to Hitchin (16f — 37^); take the right hand road at the 
cross roads, and through Sandridge, 23, Wheathampstead, 25|-, Kimpton. 
28i, St. Paul's Walden, 31^, and Shilley Green, 32, it is nothing but a 
series of hills to be encountered, some pretty stiff ; surface of the road 
perfect ; a mile beyond Shilley Green join the Hatfield road. 



183 

LONDON TO BEDFORD (by Luton). 

London to St. Albans (20f)— p. 137. 

St. Albans to Luton (10 — 30|); in St. Albans, turn to r. at the 
cross roads, and hyi. farther on keep to I., and it is a rather hilly road, 
otherwise good, through Chilwick Green, 23, over Harpenden Common, 
through Harpenden, 25, and by Gibraltar Inn, 28f . 

(Harpenden: Railway. — Luton: Bell: George; Midland; Queen's.) 
Luton ch. contains some ancient and curious monuments, font, and windowg. 
On I., Chilwick Bury ; at Harpenden Common, on i., Uotliampstead j before Luton, 
on r., Luton Hoo Park. 

Luton to Clophill (^11| — 42); a capital road over Luton Downs, 
through Barton-in-the-Clay, 37i, and Silsoe, 40i ; there are some long 
gradual hills, but nothing difficult to mount ; a stiffish descent into Barton, 
and another into Clophill. 

(Silsoe : George Inn.) 

At Silsoe, on r., Wrest Park. 

Clophill to Bedford (8|— 50|) ; gradual rise out of Clophill, then 
pretty level through West End, 44, wdth along downhill to Willshampstead, 
46f, whence it is a]mo?& level through Elstow, 49, to Bedford. (Coming 
back from Bedford to Luton there is more collar work.) 

At Elstow is the cottage where Bunyan was born. 

LONDON TO BEDFORD (by Ampthill). 

London to Dunstable (33i)— p. 138. 

Dunstable to Ampthill (11| — 45); turn to r. either in Dunstf^blo 
or \m. beyond, and then through Houghton Regis, 34f, Chalgrave, 37^, 
Toddington, 38^ (turn to r.), Westoning, 41i, Flitwick, 42|, Dennel End, 
43^^, and How Green, 44 ; a rather hilly road but nothing difficult, except a 
stiff ascent into Ampthill. 

[There is another road from Woliirn, 41^ — p. 154, to r., through 
Ridgemont, 432-, Lidlington T]j., 45f , and Millbrook, 47|, to AmjJthill, 48j.] 

(Ampthill : White Hart.) 

On L, Toddington Park and Manor Ho. Beyond Ampthill, on I., Ampthill 
Park, and on r., Houghton Park. 

Ampthill to Bedford (8 — 53) ; the road is almost level, passing 
between Ampthill and Houghton Parks to Houghton Conquest Tp., 46|, 
and then through Kempston Hardwick, 49, and Elstow, 51^. 

LONDON TO KETTERING (by Wellingborough). 

London to Newport Pagnell (49f)— p. 154 

Newport Pagnell to Olney (5 — 54f ) ; keep to r. after crossing the 
J?. Ouse outside Newport, and again cross the Ouse at Sherrington Bridge, 
60f , shortly afterwards taking the left hand road, and through Sherrington, 
51f , out of which there is a long rise, presently followed by a steep descent 
into Emberton, otherwise fairly level, but very rough road; just beforo 
Olney cross J^. Ouse again. 

(Olney: Bull; Queen.) 

At Olney, Im. on I., Weston Park ; on r., Clifton Hall, At Weston the poet 
Cowper resided for many yetira. 



183 

Olney to Wellingborough (12— 66f ) ; vefy killy and rough road 
through Warrington, 56^, Bozeat, 59f , and Wollaston, 62f , and over the H. 
Nen at Long Bridge, 65f . 

{Wellinghorough : Angel; Hind.) 

At Bozeat, about 2m. on I., is Castle Ashby (Marquis of Northampton). 
Wellingborough was t'ormerly celebrated for its medicinal springs; Charles I. and 
his Queen lived here a -whole season in tents to drink the Waters. 

Wellingborough to Kettering (7 — 73f ) ; a fine undulating road 
through Great Harrowden, 68|, and Isham, 70|-. 

LONDON TO NORTHAMPTON (by Bedford). 

London to Bedford (50i)— p. 185. 

Bedford to Turvey (8— 68i) ; a little out of Bedford keep to Z., and 
the first 4m. are good to Bromham Bridge, 54^, over It. Ouse, and after 
that the road is rather rough and bumpy ; at the cross roads with a stone 
cross, beyond Bromham Bridge, keep to r., and at Grange, 54f , turn to L, 
then there is a long hill to n.ount, with a run down into Turvey. 

Turvey to Northampton {\o\ — 7U) ; cross B. Ouse, and Im. 
f urtljor keep to r., and up a steep ascent to Lavendon, 60f, and then through 
Yardley Hastings, 64|, Denton, QQ, Brayfield-on-the-Green, 67^, Little 
Houghton, 682-, and over U. ISTen, Ihn. before ISTorthampton ; very rough road. 

[From Bedford to Northampton by Higham Ferrers and Welling- 
borough is a better road but much longer.] 

On r,, the remains of Lavendon Castle. At Yardley Hastings, on r., Castle 
Ashby. 

LONDON TO LEICESTER (by Bedford). 

London to Kettering (74f)— p. 185. 

Kettering to Market Harborough (11^ — 86); turn to I. in 
Kettering and down a hill out of the town ; the road is very rough and 
hilly; there is a very steep hill to mount into Eothwell, 78f, whence there 
is a steep and rough descent, followed by another very steep hill to mount 
through Desborough, 80|^, after which there is a long gradual run down 
past the " Fox Inn," 82^, the road being rather rough, aiwi then a long 
steep descent into Market Harborough. 

{Desborough : Angel.) 

Market Harborough to Leicester (14| — 100^) — p. 166. 

LONDON TO NOTTINGHAM (by Leicester). 

London to Loughborough (108|)— p. 166. 

Loughborough to Nottingham (15 — 123f ) ; turn to r. in Lough- 
borough, and the road is faii'ly level and good through Cotes, 109f, and 
Hoton, 11 If, to Eempstone, 113j, to which there is a short descent, then a 
run down to Corlingstock (locally called Costock), 114|, out of which is 
another rise followed by the long steep descent of Bunny Hill, very loose, 
lumpy, and rutty, and dangerous to ride up or down on account of loose 
stones, to Bunny, 116f; from here the road is undulating through 
Bradmore, 117f, and Euddington, 118f, with a good long desceoi down into 
the Trent vaUey and over Trent Bridge, 122f . 



190 

[There is another road turning to Z. a little out of Loughborough, and 
through Stanford, East Leake, and Bunny, which avoids the worst hill, 
Bunny Hill. 

Or from East Leake through Gotham, Clifton, and Wilford to Trent 
Bridge or Nottingham; but sometimes this road is cut up with the gypsum 
traffic about Gotham. 

Another route is to follow the Derby road through Hathern and 
Kegworth to within ^ mile of Cavendish Bridge, then turn to r. and through 
Sawley, Long Eaton, Chilwell, and Beeston to Nottmgham ; many prefer 
tliis, though the longest.] 

Near Clifton is an ancient entrenchment, and Irn. S. are remains of a 
tesselated pavement. 

LONDON TO ALFRETON (by Nottingham). 

London to Nottingham (124) — ^p. 186. 

Nottingham to Moor Green (7| — 131^) ; in Nottingham turn to 
I., and at New Radford, 125, keep to r. by Bobbers Mill, 125^, and again 
to r. a mile further on, and the road is then on the rise through Cinder 
Hill, 127^, to Nuthall, 128f, out of which (keeping to r.) is a steep ascent, 
followed by a fall at Watnall, 130, and a hill into Greasley, 131. 

Moor Green to Alf reton (8| — 140) ; beyond Moor Green there is a 
steep hill to climb, and the road continues hilly to Selston, 136| (keeping 
to I. twice), after which it is downhill to Pye Bridge, 137i^, ^^^ through 
Somercotes, 138. 

LONDON TO CHESTERFIELD (by Mansfield). 

London to Mansfield (138)— p. 186. 

Mansfield to Chesterfield (12:| — 150|^); keep to Z. out of Mansfield, 
and the road is very hilly to Pleasley, 141, where take the left hand road, 
which continues very hilly through Glapwell, 143 (out of which is a steep 
descent), Heath, 145, and Hasland, 149. 

At Glapwell, on I., Hardwick Hall, an interesting Elizabethan mansion, 
containing some rare portraits and tapestry, &c. At Heath, on r., Sutton Hall. 

LONDON TO EOTHERHAM (by Chesterfield). 

London to Chesterfield (150)— p. 178. 

Chesterfield to Staveley (4J — 154|) ; in Chesterfield turn to r.. 
and through Bii-mmgton, 162^. 

Staveley to Rotherham (11 J — 166) ; at Staveley uum to Z. and the 
road is very undulating past Renishaw Park to Eckington, 157^, but from 
here through Beighton, 160, and Aughton, 162, it is very hilly, the greater 
part being unrideable, as the hills are too steep to ride either up or down ; 
the streets of Rotherham are paved. 

LONDON TO SHEFFIELD (by Mansfield). 

London to Clown (148)— p. 187. 

Clown to SheflQ.eld (13^ — 161^); a mile beyond Clown turn to Z., and 



through Barlboroiicfh, 150, Renishaw, 152, Eckington, 154^, Masborough, 
155f, aiid Birley Yale, 158^. 

LONDON TO SKIPTON (by Leeds). 

London to Wakefield (186)— p. 179. 

Wakefield to Leeds (9—195) ; through NcTvton, 187, Lofthouse, 
189|, Thorpe-on-the-Hill, 190|, Woodhouse, 192f, and Hunslet, 193f ; the 
heavy traffic on this road makes it bad for bicycling; paving and 
tramways through Leeds, 

(Leeds : GviQin,B.T. C; Qneen.) 

Leeds, the largest town in Yorksnire, is the metropolis of the wonllrn 
manufacture. 3m. beyond Leeds, on N.W., are the ruins of Kirkstall Abbey, 
picturesquely situate on the banks of the JR. Aire ; it was founded in 1152 for the 
Cistercian monks. Sin. E. is Temple Newsome, the elegant residence of the 
Marquis of Hertford. 

Leeds to Otley (10 — 205) ; a fair undulating road through 
Heading-ley, 197, and Cookridge, 200^, ending with a descent of 2^7n. from 
Pool Bank info Otley. 

(Otley: Black JJorse; White Hor.^e.) 

Otley to Ilkley (6—211); the road goes np the B. Wharfe valley 
through Burley, 207, and is not so hilly, but is not very good. 

(likley : Crown; New Inn.) 

Just iDefore Ilkley, on L, Ben Rhyddiug, which has come into notice of late 
years as a watering- phce. 

Ilkley to Skipton (9—220) ; up the right bank of the B. Wharfe to 
Addingham, 214, beyond which keep to r., and the road leaves Wharfedale 
and goes through Draught on, 217. [There is another road from Addingham 
turning sharp to r. before the village, up Wharfryiale to Bolton Bridge, 
217 ; the road is hilly but good excep*; in wet weather : from Bolton Bridge 
to Skipton, 5| — 222f, turning to L, the road is good for 2)n., for the next 
2m. bad, and the remainder indifferent.] 

(Bolton Bridge : Devonshire Arms.) 

Fine scenery. N. of Bolton are the ruins of Bolton Abbey or Priory; Im. 
further is the Strid, a narrow chasm where the R. Wharfe has worn a passage for 
its bed through the solid rock. In the vicinity are the ruins of Barden Tower. 

LONDON TO RIPON. 

London to Leeds (195) — above. 

Leeds to Harewood (8? — 203^); after leaving the town it is a rougH 
road and rather hiUy through Chapel Allerton, 197j, Moor Town, 199, and 
by Alwoodley Gates, 200^. 

On I. Alwoodley old Hall. On L, Harewood Ho., and remains of Earewood 
Castle. The ch. is an ancient building, and contains Bome old monuments, 
amongst others the tomb of Judge Gascoigne. 

Harewood to Harrogate (7^^—2101) ; through Dunkeswick, 205, 
and by Spacey House, 208, is very hilly, but pretty good surface ; at the 
obelisk entering Harrowgate keep to left, and go through that part of the 
town called Low Harrowgate. 

{Harrogate: Commercial, ^.T.C ; Crown; George; Prospect.) 



192 

Sd,i*rogatft is celebrated for its mineral springs, and is a great teSOrt fof 
inrftlids. About 3m. E. is Knaresborough, on the R. Nidd, surrounded by- 
romantic scenery. About 9ni. N.W. are Brimham Kocks, a singular natural 
curiosity, to which there is a fair road, 

Harrogate to Ripley (4~214|) ; very trying hill to climb out of 
Harrogate, followed by a long and. steep run down, perfectly safe, through 
Killinghall, 213^ ; excellent smooth surface. 

At Kipley, on L, the castle. Before Kipley cross the R. Nidd. 

Ripley to Ripon (7f— 222J) ; leaving Eipley turn to right, and it is 
a splendid road and first rate travelling through South Stainley, 217|; 
stiff climb into Ripon. 

(Ripon : Black Bull ; Crown and Anchor : Unicorn.) 

Ripon, on the R. Ure, is an ancient town; the cathedral, founded in 1331, is 
said to be one of the best proportioned buildings in England. Near it is a 
tumulus or artificial mound, called EUshaw or Ailcey Hill, supposed to bo a 
memorial of a battle in which the Saxons were defeatod by the Danes. About 3m. 
W. is Studley Royal, the seat of Earl Grey ; in the park grounds are the ruins of 
Fountains Abbey, founded in 1132 by the Cistercian monks, and said to be the 
most perfect monastic building in England. Near it is the mansion of Fountains 
Hall. 4w. E. of Ripon is Newbj Hall. 6m. distant is the romantic Hackfall, or • 
Witches' Valley. 

LONDON TO PATELEY BRIDGE AND LOFTHOUSE. 

London to Ripley, Yorks (214|)— above. 

Ripley to Pateley Bridge (9^ — 224) ; out of Kipley turn to Z.,and it is 
a fairly good undulating road, from Summer Bridge, 220, running near E.Nidd. 
(Pateley Bridge : George.) 

Pateley Bridge to Lofthouse (9—233) ; by Kamsgill, 230, and up 
the valley of the B. Nidd, the road is fairly good, and there are a few 
small hills. 

LONDON TO BOROUGHBRIDGE. 

London to Harrogate (210f)— p. 191. 

Harrogate to Knaresborough (3 — 213|) ; at the Obelisk entering 
Harrogate keep to the right through High Harrogate, and it is a good 
road, all downhill. 

{Knaresiborough ! Crown; Elephant and Castle.) 

Knaresborough, on the R. Nidd, is surrounded by pretty sceneiy. There are 
remains of a castle erected soon after the Conquest. The chief objects of interest 
are the Petrifying or Dropping Well, St. Robert's Chapel, ruins of the priory, and 
St. Robert's Cave, remarkable for the murder for which Eugene Aram was convicted. 

Knaresborough to Boroughbridge (7 — 220f ) ; through Ferensby, 
216^, and Minskip, 219^, the road is good on the whole, but loose in places, 
and there are no hills of any consequence. 

LONDON TO WANSFORD. 

London to Bedford (50^)— p. 185. 

Bedford to Kimbolton (14 — 64^) ; when through Bedford turn to 
r., and through Ravensden, 54^^, Wildon, 55j, Bolnhurst, 57^, Keysoe, 60, 
and Pertenhall, 61f ; undulating road, rather stiff hill down into Kimbolton, 



193 

(Kimholton : George; White Lion.) 

On l.y Kimbolton Castle (Duke of Manchester). At Boluhurst, 2jn. on r., 
Bushmead Priory, and near it an old encampment. 

Kimbolton to Brington (6 — 70:|); keep to r. out of Kinibolton, 
and through Catworth, 6S^. 

Brington to Oundle (9 — 79^) ; through Clapton, 74f , and Barnwell 
St. Andrews, 77^. 

(Oundle : Talbot.) 

Before Barnwell St. Andrews, on I., Lilford Hall. At Barnwell, on r., ruins 
of the castle, which was erected in 1132. 

Oundle to Elton (5j — 84|) ; turn to r. in Oundle, cross B. Nen and 
through Warmington, 82^, is almost level, following the valley of the B. Nen. 

At Elton, l^m. on I., the ruins of Fotheringhay Castle, which was founded 
shortly after the Conquest. Eichard III. was born here, and here Mary, Queen of 
Scots, was imprisoned, tried, and beheaded, 

Elton to Wansford (3f— 88^). 

LONDON TO OUNDLE (by Thrapston). 

London to Higham Ferrers (65) — p. 185. 

Higham Ferrers to Thrapston (8^—73^) ; cross the B. Nen to 
Irthlmgborough, 67, where turn sharp to r. and through Little Addington, 
68^, Great Addington, 69f , and Woodford, 71, recrossing the B. ISTen just 
before Thrapston. 

(Thrapston: White Hart.) 

About 2m. W. of Thrapston is Drayton Ho., erected about the middle of the 
15th century. Irthlingborough is locally called Artleboro'. 

Thrapston to Oundle (8 — 81^) ; in Thrapston take the left hand 
road and through Thorpe Waterville, 76, and Barnwell St. Andrews, 79^-; 
the road follows the Nen valley all the way from Higham Ferrers, 

LONDON TO DONCASTER. 

London to Mansfield (138)— p. 186. 

Mansfield to Worksop (12 — 150) ; keep to r. at the bifurcation in 
Mansfield, and it is very hilly work through Market Warsop, 142|-, Church 
Warsop, 143|-, Cuckney, 145, and Norton, l^o^, with a stiff hill down into 
"Worksop ; an uneven and rutty road. 

(Worksop: Eed Lion.) 

Beyond Norton, on I., "Welbeck, the magnificent mansion of the Duke of 
Portland; further on, Worksop Manor Ho.; about 2m. on r.. Clumber Park. At 
Worksop are remains of a priory, erected in the reign of Henry I. ; part of it ie now 
embodied in the ch. This district is generally called the Diikery, from there having 
been here at one time no less than four ducal seats. 

Worksop to Tickhill (9 — 159) ; just out of Worksop keep tor., and 
through Carlton, 153^, and Goldthorpe, 156. 
At Tickhill are remains of a castle. 

Tickhill to Doncaster (7^ — 166|), through Wadworth, 162, 
XiOyersall, 1G3, and Balby, 165. 



194 



SECTION VII. 

From General Post Office; Great Northern Roads (East 
Middlesex, East Herts, East Bedford, Huntingdonshire, 
West Cambridge, East Northamptonshire, Rutland- 
shire, East Nottinghamshire, Lincolnshire, East York- 
shire, Durham, and Northumberland.) 



LONDON TO EDINBURGH (by Stamford, &c.). 

(The Great North Eoad.) 

London to "Welwyn (25^)— p. 184. 

Welwyn to Stevenage (6| — 31f ) ; at Welwyn, bear to r. at the 
bottom of the hill, then to I. at the church, and again to r. further on ; very 
good road through Woolmer Green, 27i, and Broadwater, 29^ ; there are 
some long ascents and descents, two of the former in particular. 

(Stevenage : Old Castle j White Lion.) 

Before Stevenage, on r., !■ a row of six large barrows, supposed to be of 
Danish origin. 

Stevenage to Baldock (5| — 37^); taking the right hand fork at 
the end of Stevenage, it is a very good road through Graveley, 33^ ; long 
ascent out of Stevenage, one or two stiff hills to mount afterwards, and a 
long fall approaching Baldock. 

(Baldock: Rose and Crown ; White Horse Commercial.) 

At Baldock, the ch. is a handsome building, and contains some ancient and 
curious monuments, &c. 

Baldock to Biggleswade (7i — 45^), is good going by New Inn Tp. 
40|, and Bleak Hall, 42:^ ; undulating road, with two long and rather steep 
descents : just before Biggleswade keep to I. 

(Biggleswade: Crown, Mqrs. ', George; Kosej KoyalOakj Swan, B.T.C. ; 
White Horse.) 

A httle beyond Baldock, on I., at Eadwell, a Roman encampment called 
Caesar's Camp, where many Roman antiquities have been found. A little further, 
2 or 3m. on r., near Ashwell, is an ancient entrenchment called Harborough Banks. 

Biggleswade to Tempsford (6 — 51i) ; turn to Z. out of the town 
and cross the bridge over B. Ivel ; then an excellent road through Lower 
Caldecote, 46f , Beeston Cross, 485-, a little beyond which (keeping to r.) 
recross B. Ivel, and through Girtford, 49^. 

At Tempsford, on r., Tempsford Hall. 

Tempsford to Eaton Socon (4 — 55|) ; ^m. beyond Tempsford keep 
to Z., cross B. Ouse, and down the ralley through Wiboston, 54 ; loose road. 

Eaton Socon to Buckden (6 — 61^) ; is a good level road, following 
the Ouse valley through Cross Hall, 56f , Little Paxton, 68, and Didding- 
ton, 60 



195 

[Better to go through St. Neots, 56, keeping to right bank of B. Ousc^ 
whioh cross at St. Neots, and join the G. N. road at Cross Hall, 67^.] 

On r., Paxton Place ; onr., Diddington Ho. j at Bnckden, Bishop of Lincoln's 
Palace. 

Buekden to Alconbury Hill (6| — 68) ; keeping to Z. ^m. beyond 
Buckden, it is a fair easy road by Brampton Hut, 63f, and through 
Alconbury, 66\, to Alconbury Weston, 67, whence, bearing to r., there is 
a long stiff hill to mount. 

Beyond Buckden, a little on r., Brampton Park, and farther on r. Hinchinbrook 
Ho. and Huntingdon town. 

Alconbury Hill to Norman Cross (8 — 76) ; after |m. is a 
considerable descent, then through Sawtry St. Andrews, 71^, and Stilton, 
75j, out of which is a short steep hill ; otherwise a good easy road. 

(Stilton : George and Dragon Inn.) 

Norman Cross to Wansford (7| — 83|); keep to I., and by Kate's 
Cabin Inn, 79^, and through Water Newton, 81^, and Sibson, 82, the road 
is pretty level, but rough and loose, though fair going at the sides. 

(Wansford : The Haycock Inn.) 

This road is part of the Eoman Ermine Street, which ran through Huntingdon. 
Im. beyond Sawtry St. Andrews, on r., Conington Castle. At Stilton, the cheese 
which bears this name, was first sold, though made in Leicestershire. At Kate't? 
Cabin Inn, on r., Alwalton Castle. Im. beyond Kate's Cabin Inn, on r., an ancient 
entrenchment, supposed to be the site of the Koman station Durobrivse; the old 
line of the Ermine Street ran through it. 

Wansford to Stamford (Sf— 89|) ; out of Wansford take the right 
hand road, and for the first 3m., through White Water Tp., 85|, it is rather 
hilly, then fairly level for next 27)i., after which there is a long gradual 
descent into Stamford ; very rough road, rutty and greasy when wet. 

(Stamford : Crown ; George.) 

Before Stamford, on r., Burghley Park, the splendid mansion of the Marquis 
of Exeter, and on I., ruins of Wothorpe Hall. 

Stamford to South Witham (9^—99^); through Bridge Casterton, 
91^, Horn Lane Tj9., 95^, and by Stretton, 96, and Earn Jam House, 97|, the 
road on the whole is very undulating, with some level bits here and there ; 
soon after leaving Stamford the surface becomes bad and rough, and in 
wet weather is rutty and dangerous. 

Bridge Casterton occupies the site of a Roman station on the ancient 
Ermine Street, and there are still the remains of a Roman encampment S.E. of the 
village. The ch. is an ancient Gothic structure. At Horn Lane Tp., on L, Exton 
Hall, a fine mansion partly of the 16th century. Exton ch. is a beautiful specimen 
of Gothic architecture. 

South Witham to Grantham (11 — llOi) ; the road continues bad 
through North Witham, 100|, to Coltersworth, 102^, after which it becomes 
rather better through Stoke Rochford, 104J, Great Ponton, 106f, Little 
Ponton, 108f, and Spittlegate Hill Tp. 109|; hilly road, with one or two 
steep but short pulls, and the last mile is downhill and rather rough ; in 
wet weather it is rutty and dangerously greasy, and sometimes it is almost 
unrideable. 

(Coltersworth : Blue Lion; Red Lion. — Grantham: Angel and Royal ; Blue 
Lion : George ; Red Lion.) 

Near Coltersworth, Sir Isaac Newton was born. At Grantham, there were 

o2 



19P 

fonnerly several religious houses, remains of which still exist. St. Wulfstan's eft- 
contains a curious font and several monuments. On St. Peter's Hill is Queen 
Eleanor's Cross. 5m. W., in Belvoir Vale, is Belvoir Castle, the magnificent seat 
of the Duke of Eutland. 

Grantham to Newark (14^ — 124|) ; long uphill oufc of Grantham to 
Great Gonerby, 112, then there is a long gradual descent, after which the road 
is nearly level through Marston ^^.,114^, Foston,116, Long Bennington, 118^, 
over Shire Bridge, 120|, and through Balderton Tp., 122-^ ; the surface 
continues lumpy and very rutty, in wet weather greasy and dangerous for 
the first 10)11., then it is hard and good : the streets of Newark are paved. 

{Newark: Clinton Arms ; Gilstrap ; Ram; Royal Oak.) 

Beyond Grantham, 2m. on r., Belton Ho. and Syston Park. Newark is a 
Beat town ; St. Mary Magdelene ch. is one of the largest and fiuest in the kingdom, 
partly rebuilt in the reign of Henry VI., and contains many old monuments, 
brasses, &c. There are ruins of a castle, and many Roman antiquities have been 
found in the neighbourhood. 

Newark to Carlton-on-Trent (7 — 131|) ; after crossing U. Dean 
keep to r. just out of Newark, and then cross J^. Trent, and it is a very good 
road, slightly undulating, following the Trent valley, and through South 
Muskham, 127, North Muskham, 128, and Cromwell, 130. 

Carlton-on-Trent to Tuxford (6? — 137|); very good road, almost 
level to Sutton-on-Trent, 133, then a moderate rise up Crown Hill, and a 
run down to Weston, 134f, whence slightly undulating past Scarthing 
Moor Inn, 135^, and a rather steep hill down into Tuxford. 

(Tuxford : Newcastle Arms.) 

From the top of Crown Hill, the tower of Lincoln Cathedral is visible, 16m. 
distant on the r. 

Tuxford to Retford (71 — 145) ; out of Tuxford is the steep ascent 
of Cleveland Hill to climb, then easy undulating road through West 
Markham, 139^, Markham Moor Tg., l-IOI-, and Gamston, 141|; good road. 
Retford is paved. 

(Retford : Crown ; Queen's ; Swan ; White Hart.) 

Retford is sometimes called East Retford; 2m. on I., Babworth Hall. 

Retford to Bawtry (8^ — 153|) ; take left hand road in Ketfoid, and 
when just out of the town keep to r.; it is very bad for the first 3 or 4in., 
being rutty and very loose and stony, past Barnby Moor Inn, 148, where 
turn to r. up a stiff hill, and it is a good road through Torworth, 149.j, 
Eanskill, 150|, and Scrooby, 152, to which there is a long run down. 

(Baiviry : Black Bull; Crown; Granby.) 

Before Scrooby, on I., Serlby Hall. At Scrooby formerly stood the palace of 
the Archbishop of York; part has been pulled down, and tha rest is nowafarm house. 

Bawtry to Doncaster (9 — 162^); splendid smooth undulating road 
over Rossington Bridge, 157|, and through Tophall, 158J, with a descent 
into Doncaster ; the surface is of a sandy nature and sometimes is soft and 
heavy going: about the time of Doncaster races, in Sej)teniber, the last 
mile is generally very rough. 

(Doncaster: Angel; Elephant, B.T.C ; Royal; Temperance.) 
Doncaster is a fine town, occupying the site of a Roman station, many coins 
and other antiquities having been found here ; it has one of the larg:est corn 
markets in the kingdom. There are some good swimming baths here. 3t' 
George's ch, is an elegant building, well worth seeing;. 



197 

Bonoastei? to Red House (5— 167j) : rather hilly and rough road 
through York Bar, 164, ^yliere keep to r. 

Red House to Went Bridge (5|— 172f); keeping to r., steep hill 
to ascend from Ked House, then rather hilly by Eobin Hood's Well, 169^, 
with a steep and winding descent into Went Bridge ; rough road. 

{Went Bridge : Coach Horse Inn.) 

"Went Bridge to Brotherton (5f — 178 J), is a hilly and good road; 
very steep winding ascent (rather awkward to ride down on the reverse 
journey) out of Went Bridge, and at Harrington, 17i|, are steep descent 
and ascent, and again hilly through Ferry Bridge, 177| (cross U. Aire), to 
Brotherton, entering which turn to Z. 

2m. VY. of Darrington is the town of Pontefract or Pomfret, with ruins of the 
castle, iu which it is said that Richard II. was foully murdered. At Brotherton, 
on I., Frjston Hall. 

Brotherton to Aberford (8^— 186|); through Fairburn, 180, 
Peckfield Tp., 182^ (keep to r.), and Micklefield, 184<, is a fairly good road, 
though, being made of limestone, it is inclined to be rough and heavy after 
rain ; a few more hills. 

At Micklefield, Im. on r., Huddleston Hall. At Aberford, ruins of the castle, 
which was built soon after the Conquest. At Pockfield Tp., on i., Ledstone Hall. 

Aberford to Wetherby (71—194^); through Bramham, 190]-, a 
rough and hilly road, but none of the hills difficult ; cross U. Wharfe 
entering Wetherby. 

{Wetherhy : Angel; Brunswick; White Hart.) 

l?n. beyond Aberford, on r., Hazlowood Hall, which has remained in the 
Vavasour family since the Conquest. Before Bramham, on L, Bramham Park. 
Wetherby, on the i?. Wharfe, is situated amidst pleasant scenery. A little below 
the to"vvn is St. Helen's Ford, where the Roman military way crossed the river. 

Wetherby to Boroughbridge (12 — 206}); leaving Wetherby keep 
to Z., a mile after to r. and over Walshford Bridge, 197i 0^- Nidd); on the 
whole a good undulating road, with easy hills ; a few loose patches in dry 
weather, and in wet very heavy. 

[From Boroughbridge, instead of keeping to the Great North Road 
proper, which goes through ISTorthallerton and Harlington to Durham, the 
road through Leeming and along Leeming Lane is interposed here, as it is 
the route most generally followed, the distance being the same. The 
Northallerton route is given in the next route — pp. 201-2. 

(Boroxighhridge : Crown.) 

Beyond Walshford Bridge, on I., Ribstone Hall, where the " Ribstone Pippin " 
apples were first cultivated ; in the chapel is a monument to the standard bearer 
of a Roman legion, discovered at York, in 1688. Before Boroughbridge, on I., 
are 3, originally 4, kuge pyramidal stones, called the Arrows. 2m. beyon I 
Walshford Bridge, on r., Allerton Park, where was formerly a^Benedictine priory. 
Im. E. of Boroughbridge is Aldborougb, occupying the site of a Roman station ; 
in the ch. and churchyard are some Roman and Saxon remains. 

Boroughbridge to Leeming {15^ — 221|) ; having crossed B. Ure 
outside Boroughbridge, keep to I., and at Karkby Hill, 207^, to r., then past 
York Gate Inn, 213i, and through Leeming Lane (New Inn), 218|-, and 
Londonderry, 220:^, being the well-kno^vn " Leeming Lane," a straight 
stretch of splendid undulating road, chiefly on the rise, with some long 
gradual slopes, none of which are in the least difficult ; the surface is as 



^ 



198 

smooth as a racing path, except for some loose patches ^hich occur at 
intervals. 

At Leeming on Z. to Bedale (2 — 223f ), or Jm. beyond ISTew Inn, Leeming 
Lane, turn to I. and through Burmeston and Exilby to Bedale (4| — 223|). 

(Bedale : Black Swan.) 

At York Gate Inn, 2m. on I., Norton Hall ; on r., Newby Park. 

Leeming to Catterick Bridge (7^ — 229:1) is a continuation of the 
same kind of road, the last 2^m. being on an easy incline through Catterick, 
-28^; at Catterick Bridge cross B. Swale; picturesque scenery. 

(Catterick: Angel; George; Golden Lion.) 

2m. before Catterick, a little on I., Hornby Castle (Duke of Leeds) j on r., 
Kiplin Park. 

Catterick Bridge to Scotch Corner (3| — 232f) is an easy undu- 
lating road, very good and smooth, but heavy in wet weather : pretty scenery. 

Scotch Corner to Pierce Bridge (6^ — 239^) is principally slightly 
downhill, with a very steep and abrupt descent at Hang Bank, about l|t?i. 
beyond Scotch Corner. 

About half way, a little on Z., Stanwick Hall. At Pierce Bridge is the site 
of a Roman station. 

Pierce Bridge to Heighington (5^ — 244J); turn to r. beyond 
Pierce Bridge, and it is a fair road, but rather hilly. 
About half way on r., Walworth Castle. 

Heighington to Sunderland Bridge (10| — 255^) ; hilly road 
through Eldon, 248^, and Merrmgton, 251^; at 253f join the road from 
Bishop Auckland on I., and just before Sunderland Bridge rejoin the Great 
North road from Darlington on r. 

[Or from Bierce Bridge keep straight on through West Auckland, 246:j-, 
and St. Helens, 246|-, where there is a level railway crossing, to Bialiojp 
Auckland, 249|, thence through Spennymoor, 253f , to Sunderland Bridgef 
256:f ; very hilly road. 

Or from Heighington turn to r. and it is nearly all downhill to Aycliffe, 
247, on the Darlington road, whence to Sunderland Bridge, 256.] 

Near West Auckland, on r., Brusselton Tower; 2m. W., the ruins of 
Evenwood Castle. At Bishop Auckland, the castle, now the residence of the 
Bishop of Darham. From Merrington ch., which is situated on a hill, there is a 
most extensive view, and it is said that York Minster can be seeu with a glass. 
At Sunderland Bridge, on r., Croxdale Hall; 2m. on W., Brancepath Castle. 

Sunderland Bridge to Durham (4| — 259|); after crossing E.Wear 
there is a long steepish hill to mount, presently followed by a long very 
steep descent, which is partly paved, to walk down into Durham ; in going 
through Durham cross B. Wear twice, and there another very steep paved 
descent just before crossing B. Wear for the second time. 

(Durham : County; Rose and Crown.) 

Durham is remarkable for the singularity of its position — on an eminence 
nearly surrounded by the R. Wear. The venerable and magnificent cathedral was 
founded in 1093 ; it contains the remains of St. Cuthbert, Bede, and others, and 
numerous interesting monuments, &c. There is also a castle, built soon after the 
Conquest, and the Guildhall, erected in 1555 : the other objects of interest are the 
University ; the remains of the city walls; Maiden Castle, an ancient fortification, 
fm. distant, ascribed to the Romans ; Nevill's Cross, Im. W. ; and the ruins of 
Finchale Abbey, a few miles N.E., on the banks of the Wear. 



199 

Durham to Chester-le-Street (6 — 265|) ; after crossing B. Wear 
tlie second time keep to r. and there is a hill to walk up out of the town on 
to Durham Moor, 260|, then an excellent road, level nearly all the way, over 
Durham Moor and through Plausworth jPj)., 263 ; rather stiff but safe 
descent into Chester-le- Street. 

(Chester-le-Street : Laznbton Arms.) 

At Plausworth Tp., the ruins of Finchal© Abbey are 2m. on r. At Chester-le- 
Sfcreet, on r., across E. Wear, is Lumley Castle, the seat of the Earl of Scarborough, 

Chester-le-Street to Newcastle-upon-Tyne (8| — 274) ; undulat- 
ing road, but not with good surface through Pelaw, 266^, Birtley, 268^, and 
Ay ton Bank, 270 ; in several places the colliery lines cross the road, and 
the rider must be on the look out for the wagons, then the surface 
deteriorates considerably about Low Fell, 271^, and is generally exceed- 
ingly bad to Gateshead, 273, where there is a very steep descent, with an 
awkward turn and crossing at the bottom of West street ; High street is 
more gradual but for this turn to r. shortly after entering the to^vn ; thence 
cross B. Tyno over the High Level Bridge, along which is wood pavement 
and good riding (Jd. toll to pay), and entering Newcastle there is a descent 
down Moseley street and a rise up Grey street (turn to r.), Blackett street 
and then to I. up Northumberland street. Tram line in Gateshead. 

{Newcastle-upon-Tyne : Alexandra; Alliance; Crown and Thistle; Queen's 
Head, Hqrs. ; Eoyal Turf, B.T.C. ; Station.) 

At Ayton Bank, 2m. on I., Eavensworth Castle. Newcastle is a large town, 
in the midst of the chief coal district of England; it has also mauufacturies of 
glass, pottery, iron, steel, engines, &c. Tbe castle, from which its name ia 
derived, was erected by Robert, eldest son of the Conqueror. The chief public 
buildings are St. Nicholas' ch., St. Andrew's ch., St. John the Baptist cli., Royal 
Arcade, Stephenson's Double Bridge, Museum, Library, &c. 

Newcastle-upon-Tyne to Morpeth (14| — 288f) ; over the Town 
Moor there are tram lines all the way to Gosforth, 277, and then a fair give 
and take road over Three Mile Bridge, 277|, by Six Mile House, 280, and 
Shotton Edge, 282, to Blagden Bank, whence there is a long run down to 
Stannington Bridge, 283^ (over B. Blyth), and through Stannington, 284, 
and Clifton, 286 ; generally very fair surface, and it is about the best road 
in the vicinity of Newcastle ; there is a rather steep descent into Morpeth 
past the Castle and the Jail, and then over the bridge {B. Wansbeck). 

{Morpeth: Black Bull; Newcastle Avma, B.T.C; Queen's Head; Turk's 
Head.) 

At Three Mile Bridge, on r., Gosforth Ho, At Shotton Edge, on I., Blagdon 
Park. At Morpeth, 2m. on I., ruins of Mitford Castle, and near it Mitford Ho.^ 
on the banks of the R. Wansbeck, and surrounded by beautiful scenery. At 
Morpeth are remains of the old castle. 

Morpeth to Alnwipk (19^ — 308); through Loaning T}-)., 291 (keep 
to r.), Shield Green, 293, West Moor, 297f, West Thirston, 298|, Felton, 
299, by Nelson's Monument, 300f, and through Newton, 302^, is a fair going 
road, but loose in places, and with plenty of hills, the last bm. are a nice run 
nearly all downhill into Ahiwick ; steep descent into Felton, with an 
awkward right-angle turn over the bridge. 

{Alnwick : White Swan.) 

At Shield Green, 4m. on r., Widdrington Castle near the coast. At West 
Thirston, 4jn. on I., Brinkburn Priory. At Newton, 4rtt. on r., Warkworth Castle 
and Hermitage. At Alnwick the Castle and Hulne Abbey, both the seats of the 



200 

Duke of Nortliumberland. Part of tlie waflg of Alnwick are still standing, and 
also of the Abbey. The castle can be seen on Thursdays. 

Alnwick to Belford (14| — 322|); steep descent going out of 
Alnwick (keeping to r. by the Castle), then cross the R. Ahi, and it is 
uphill for Ihn. over Heffler Bank and hilly through ISTorth Charlton, 314|-, 
and Warrenford, 318^, otherwise a good road. 

{Belford ; Blue Bell.) 

Beyond Alnwick, 2m. on r., Howick, the handsome seat of Earl Grey. 2m. 
further N., the remains of Dunstanburgh Castle on the coast. At Warrenford, on 
I., Twizel Ho. At Belford, 4ni. on r., Bamburgh Castle, said to have been founded 
by the Saxons in the 6th century. 

Belford to Berwick-upon-Tweed (15—3371); stiff ascent of Belford 
Hill to be mounted out of the former, then through Detchent, 3241, 
Fenwick, 32 7|, Haggerston, 330^, and Tweedmouth, 337, is a fair road, bub 
the last part hilly, in wet weather it is rather rough and greasy ; steep 
descent of 2m. through Tweedmouth, and then over Border Bridge into 
High street, Berwick. 

{Berwick -xipon.Tweed : King's Arms ; Red Lion.) 

Opposite Fenwick, on r.. Holy Islander Lindisfarne, containing the ruins of 
an ancient monastery. At Berwick, the remfvins of the castle, a fortress of great 
Btrength and importance before the union of England and Scotland j near it is 
the Bell Tower. 

Berwick-upon-Tweed to Ayton (9 — 346^); a little beyond Berwick 
keep to r., and it is a very good road, bub rather hilly for the first 5 or 6m. 
by Covendrum, 339|, and Winley Stead, 340^, to which it runs near the 
sea coast ; at about 340f, enter Scotland, 

Ayton to Cockburnspath (11^ — 358) ; it is a very good road, chiefly 
■uphill for some miles, running past Houndwood Inn, 351, and Renton Inn, 
354, and passing on the back of St. Abb^s Head, then a gradual descent 
begins and continues for oin., when the fall suddenly gets steeper with 
one or two dangerous turnings, which should not be ridden down without 
a reliable brake, and in any case great care must be taken, as frequent 
accidents to bicyclists have occurred here, and even in the old coaching 
days it had a similar evil reputation. 

Cockburnspath. to Dunbar (9| — 367^); the road now runs close to 
the sea again, and is rather hilly but a good road through Broxburn, 366, 
where keep to r. 

At Broxburn, on r., Broxmonth, the seat of the Duke of Koxburgh. Dunbar 
has been the scene of two battles; in 1296, Baliol was defeated here, and 
Cromwell defeated the Scotch army in the neighbourhood. There are ruins of 
the castle to which Mary, Queen of Scots fled, after the murder of Rizzio. 

Dunbar to Linton (5^ — 373), is a good road through Belhaven, 368|, 
West Barns, 369, and Beltonford, 370 ; at Linton cross U. Tyne. 

[Or you may avoid Dunbar by keeping to I. at Broxburn, 366, and 
going straight to Beltonford, 368f .] 

At Beltonford, on r., Tyningham Castle (Earl of Haddington). 

Linton to Haddington (5^ — 378|) ; out of Linton there is a hill 
just a mile long to mount, after which the road rather deteriorates ; ib 
runs up the valley of jB. Tyne. 

Beyond Linton, on i., Hailes Castle. Before Haddington, on Z., Amisfield 
(Earl of Wemyss). 



201 

Haddingtdn to Tranent (7— 385|) is a rough and very lumpy 
road through Gladsmuir, 382^, to which it is chiefly uphill. 

Before Tranent, l^m. on r., Seaton Ho., and ruins of Seaton Castle. 

Tranent to Musselburgh (4 — 389^) is a similar kind of ¥oad. 

On r., Preston Pans, where the young Pretender defeated the English army, 
in 1745. Just before Musselburgh, on I., Pinkie, where the Scots were defeated, 
in 1547. 

Musselburgh to Edinburgh (6 — 395|) ; the road is pretty good at 
first, but after a mile or two it becomes very bad and lumpy through 
Portobello, 3921, from which there is also a tramway into Edinburgh. 

When going this journey it is worth bearing in mind that the north 
and north-east winds are more prevalent than any other on this coast, and 
therefore the ride from Berwick to Edinbur^ is generally, on that 
account, not easy work. 

LONDON TO EDINBURGH (by Northallerton). 

This is the remainder of the Great North Eoad, for which the road through 
Leeming is substituted in the preceding route. 

London to Boroughbridge (206^) — p. 197. 

Boroughbridge to Topcliffe (6| — 212|); having crossed the E.Ure 
outside Boroughbridge, keep to r. and through Dishforth, 2105-. 
At Topcliffe, on L, Newby Park. 

Topcliffe to Northallerton (12|— 225^) ; at Topcliffe turn to 7. and 
through Sand Hutton, 2165-, Newsham, 218j, South Ottrington, 220|, and 
North Ottrington, 22 1^. 

{Northallerton: Black Bull; Golden Lion, B.T.C. ; Railway; lied Lion.) 
Fine Gothic ch. at Northallerton. 

Northallerton to Enter Common (8 — 233J) ; a pleasant road by 
Lovcsome Hill, 229 j, through Little Smeaton, 231^, to Great Smeaton, 232:|-, 
after which the road becomes bad, being rutty and stony. 

2 or 3m. W. of Smeaton was fought in 1138, the battle of the Standard, in 
which the Scots were completely defeated. 

Enter Common to Darlington (8— 241^) ; keep to Z., and Im. 
beyond Enter Common to r. ; it is a good road through Dalton-on-Tees, 236^, 
and Croft, 237i, where cross the B. Tees ; l^m. before Darlington keep to 
r., and it is macadam, very rough and lumpy, and also through the town. 

[Or from Scotch Corner, 232f , turn to r., and it is a good road, with a 
descent at Middleton Lodge and another just before Stapleton, to Black- 
well Bridge, 236f (toll to pay) over B. Tees ; from the bridge is a short but 
stiff hill to mount, followed by descent to Grange road, then turn to I. at 
the cross roads, and the last 2w. are macadam, very rough and lumpy, into 
J)arlingion, 340f . 

Or from Scotch Corner through Middleton Tyas, 233^, to Croft, 236f . 

Or from Catterich Bridge through Citadella, 229f , Scorton, 231|-, South 
Cowton, 233^, North Cowton, 234|-, to Dalton-on-Tees, 236f ; good road.] 

{Dalton-on-Tees : King \yilliam IV. Inn. — Darlington : Fleece.) 

At Darlington, St. Cathbert's ch., built in the 12th century. 



202 

Darlington to Aycliffe (5 — 246^); by Harrow Gate, 243, and 
Coatham Mundeville, 245^, is a fair granite road bnt hilly. 

Aycliffe to Sunderland Bridge (9— 255i); by Traveller's Best, 
247i, through Woodham, 248f, Eushyford, 250, Ferry Hill, 252^, and Low 
Butcher Race, 254|, is a granite road in capital order but very hilly, and 
requiring cautious riding ; long run down out of Ferry Hill. 

Sunderland Bridge to Edinburgli (140^—395^)— pp. 198-201. 

LONDON TO KIMBOLTON (by Baldock). 

London to Eaton Socon (551) — p. 194. 

Eaton Socon to Kimbolton (8| — 63^); follow the Great North 
road to Cross Hall, 56f, where turn to I., and through Hail Weston, 67f •, 
Stoughton Highway Tp., 60|, and Stonley, 62|. 

LONDON TO TEMPSFOED (by Shefford). 

London to Shefford (41i)— p. 185. 

Shefford to Tempsford (10| — 51f) : turn to r. just before entering 
Shefford, and at Clifton, 43, turn to I. and through Stanford, 44, Upper 
Caldecote, 47, Brook End, 48, Beeston Cross, 48f, where join the Great 
Ncwth road, and through Girtford, 49f, to Tempsford; very fair road with 
a few hills, but nothmg difficult. [Or turn to r. dm. before Shefford, and 
through Henlow End and Henlow, 40|, to Clifton, 42.] 

LONDON TO WOEKSOP AND BLYTH (by Stamford). 

London to Newark (124|) — ^p. 196. 

Newark to Kneesal (8^ — 132f ) ; turn to Z. a little out of Newark, and 
cross R. Trent just before Kelham, 126f, and then through Camston, 130^, 

Kneesal to Ollerton (3f — 136|); capital road but rather hilly 
through Ompton, 133|-, and Wellow, 135^. 

(Ollerton: Hop Pole ; White Hart.) 

Before Wellow, ou r., site cf Jordon Castle. On I., Rufford Abbey, founded 
in 1138 by Cistercian monks. 

Ollerton to Worksop (8,f — 145^) ; long rise out of Ollerton, then a 
splendid undulating road with a surface as smooth as asphalte, across 
Sherwood Forest, through Budby, 139^^, and Carburton, 141| ; a stiff hill 
down into Worksop. 

On r., pass Thoresby Park, with Castle William and Thoresby Ho. ; at 
CarburtoB, on r., Clumber Park and So. 

Worksop to Blyth (6 — lol^) ; very loose and rutty road. 

LONDON TO KENDAL (by Newark). 

London to Red House (167^)— p. 197. 

Red House to Wakefield (15 — 182^) ; take left hand road and 
dirough North Elmsall, 171i, Ackworth Moor Top, 174f, Wragby, 176i, 
L^ulby, 177i, Crofton, 178|, and Agbridge, 180|; rather hilly road. 

At Wragby, on r., Nostel Priory. 



203 

Wakefield to Kendal (80—2621) ; through Bradford, 1961, Keigliley, 
206i Skipton, 216i Settle, 232^, Clapham, 239^, Ingleton, 243^, and 
Kirkby Lonsdale, 250^ — pp. 179-180. 

LONDON TO RIPON (by Pontefract). 

London to Red House (167i)— p. 197. 

Red House to Pontefract (9 — 176^) ; keeping to r. there is a stifi 
hill to ascend from Red House, then rather hilly by Robin Hood's Well, 
169J, Barnsdale, 169f, where leave the Great North road on r., and go 
through Thorp Audlin, 172|, and East Hardwick, 174^. 

{Pontefract : Green Dragon ; Malt Shovel, B.T.C. ; New Elephant ; Red Lion.) 
At Pontefract, on r., through the town, the ruins of the castle in which 
Edward II. was imprisoned and barbarously murdered. 

Pontefract to Oulton (8— 184^) ; through Houghton, 178i, (keep 
to I.) over Methley Bridge, 180^, and through Methley, 182^. 

Oulton to Leeds (5— 189^). 

Leeds to Ripon (27^ — 216|) ; through Harewood, 197|, Harrogate, 
205, and Ripley, 209— pp. 191-2. 

LONDON TO EIPON (by Knaresborougli). 

London to Wetherby (194^)— p. 197. 

Wetherby to Knaresborough (8 — 202|^) ; in Wetherby turn to I. 
after crossing B. "WT^arfe, and through Spofforth, 198. [Or follow the 
Great Korth Road to Kirk Deighton, 1955, then on I. to Knaresborough.] 

Knaresborough to Ripley (4| — 206f). 

[Or beyond Spofforth keep to I. and through High Harrogate, 201 j, to 
UijjleTj.'] 

Ripley to Ripon (7|— 214i)— p. 192. 

LONDON TO KENDAL (by Boroiighbridge). 

London to Boroughbridge (206i)— p. 197. 

Boroughbridge to Ripon (6 — 212|) ; having crossed R. Ure outside 
Boroughbridge, keep to I. and again to I. at Kirkby Hill, 207i- ; ^'i undu- 
lating road through Hewicke, 210, but rather downhill for last 2}ii.; the 
surface is perfect. 

Ripon to Masham (9| — 221f) ; there is a long gi^adual rise out of 
Ripon, and at first the road is good, but presently gets very bad and stony 
for 2m. before North Stainley, 216J, through which the road falls gradiialJy 
to B. Ure just before West Tanfield, 218|^; from here the road improves 
again, and there is a very long ascent to climb, on the top of which are 
obtained some grand and extensive views : in the last l^m. the road falls 
rapidly to B. Ure, across which Masham lies on a steep hill. [There is 
another road from Borough Bridge by following the Leeming lane or road 
as far as York Gate Inn, 213:^, as at p. 197, then turn to I. and through 
Nosterfield, 220:^, to Masham, 2281-, joining the above road 2^m. before it.] 

(Masham : King's Head). 

At Masham, on I., Aldburgh Hall ; on r., Clifton Castle. 



204 

Masham to East Witton (7— 228|) ; thi-ongli Low Ellington, 2241, 
and past Jerveaux Abbey, 22 6|, the road now runs up the Ure valley, and 
is fairly good. 

Jerveaux, called also Jervaulx, or Jervoise Abbey, was founded in 1141, and 
was a very rich community previous to the dissolution, since which it has been in 
ruins ; it belongs to the Marquis of Aylesbury. 

East Witton to Leyburn (41— 233^) ; the road gets rather rough 
over Cover Bridge, 229:^ (beyond which keep to r.), Ulshaw Bridge, 230. j 
{E. Ure), and through Spennythorne, 232^, and Harmby, 233y. 

At Cover Bridge, Im. ou I., Middleham and ruins of castle, which was the 
residence of the celebrated Earl of Warwick, the king-maker. The road now 
enters some very pretty scenery, and follows the valley of B. Ure for about next 
25m., on the north bank. 

Leyburn to Kedmire (4| — 237|) ; take the left hand road through 
Wensley, 234|- ; bad surface. 

The district here bears the name of Wensley Dale, and boasts of delightful 
Fcenery. At Redmire, on r., the I'emain of Bolton Castle, in which Mary, 
Queen of Scots, was confined for 2 years. 

Redmire to Askrigg (7 — 244|) through Carperby, 240|, pretty gocd 
road in dry weather. 

There are many grand and beautiful waterfalls in this neighbourhood. A 
little beyond Carperby, on I., across the Ure is Aysgarth; 2m. off isHeaning Fall. 

Askrigg to Hardrow (5| — 250^) ; a little beyond Askrigg on Z. across 
U. Ure, is Bainbridge. Before Hardrow on Z. across i^. Ure is Hawes, 250^. 

There are several pretty waterfalls or forces in the dale, as Cotter Force, 
Ilardrow Force, &c. ; near Hardrow, also, is Hardrow Scar. 

Hardrow to Sedbergh (14| — 264|); the road gradually rises, follow- 
ing the J^. Ure, and for 3 or 4m. is quite unrideable to Thwaite Bridge, 253^, 
where the Carlisle road branches off to r. up Ure valley, which the 
Sedbergh road leaves and now ascends the pass where it attains the 
height of 1,300ft. ; having at length crossed over the ridge or watershed, 
the road is excellent and falls all the way down Garsdale, having Whernside 
Mountain on Z., and Bow Fell on r., through Little Town, 258^, and over 
tSmorthwaite Bridge, 2595-, and Moorthwaite Bridge, 261^. 

(Sedbergh: Black Bull; Bull Inn.) 

The scenery is very fine. 

Sedbergh to Kendal (lOf — 275|) ; over JR. Lune at Lincoln's Tnn 
Bridge, 267, is a good road, but hilly to Kendal. 

LONDON TO HAWES. 

London to East Witton (228|)— above. 

East Witton to Middleham (U— 230i) ; over Cover Bridge, 229|, 
(beyond which keep Z.), is rather rough and mostly uiDhill. 

(Middleham : White Swan.) 

The road now runs up the valley of the R. Ure for 25m., through pretty and 
romantic scenery, keeping to the south bank of the river, which, however, can bo 
crossed every few miles. At Middleham, the ruins of the castle, which was the 
residence of the celebrated Earl of Warwick, the " king-maker" ; it is the Bcene of 
Bulwer Ljtton's novel "The Last of the Barons.'* 



205 

Middleham to West Witton (5— 235J) is all against the collar, but 
otherwise a good road. 

About halfway, on r. across B. Ure to Wensley, 2m., and Leyburn, 3»i.; 
there is a toll to pay at the bridge. 

West Witton to Aysgarth (3| — 238f ) ; pretty good road through 
Swinethwaite, 236^ ; hill to go down into Aysgarth, which is too steep to be 
ridden do\"m safely. 

Beyond West Witton on r. across R. Ure, to Rechnlre, 2m. ; about l|«i. 
before Aysgarth a road turns to the left out of Wensley Dale to West 
Barton, 2ni. passing by the way Aysgarth Force, but the surface is bad 
and rutty : beautiful and picturesque scenery. 

Aysgarth to Bainbridge (4| — 243i); from the foot of Aysgarth 
Hill it is easy riding through Brush Worton, 242:^, to Bainbridge, where 
there is a steep pitch sharp to r. [Or ^m. beyond Aysgarth cross R. Uro 
to r. and go through Askrigg, 242^, a pretty good road, and hn. further 
on recross B. Ure to Bainbridge, 244, which is a good road until you cross 
the new railway.] 

Bainbridge to Hawes (4| — 247f) ; fair easy road. 
At Hawes, on r. across B. Ure, to Hardrow (1| — -2481), which is l|w, 
shorter than by the preceding route. 

{Hawes : White Hart. — West Burton : Black Bull.) 

LONDON TO GLASGOW (by Stamford, &c.). 

London to Scotch Corner (232f) — p: 198. 

Scotch Corner to Greta Bridge (10 — 242f) ; turn to I. and follow 
a straight road through Smallways, 240f. 
At Smallways, on i., Barningham Hall. 

Greta Bridge to Bowes (6— 248|) ; hn. beyond Greta Bridge, keep 
to I. ; very rough road. 

A little beyond Greta Bridge, on r., Eokeby village, Eglestone Abbey, 
and Barnard Castle town. Bowes was a Roman station, and has remains of a castle. 

Bowes to Brough (13 — 261J) ; the road now crosses the main 
Pennine range, over Stainmoor ; it is nearly all a continuous uphill, some 
parts of the ascents being very stiff, the surface too being very rough and 
uneven, in many places umndeable, to Spittal House Inn, 254 ; then the 
road is up and do^vn hill, but not quite so difficult though still rough, by 
Bear Cross, 254f, and after 3 or 4m. improves gradually to Brough, 
approaching which is a long steep hill to descend, that should not be ridden 
down without a good brake. It is the best illustration of this stage, by way 
of comparison, that the road can only be said to be better than that from 
Kendcil over Shap Fells to Shap. 

(Brough : Ferry ; Station.) 

A little beyond Spittal Ho., on the borders of Yorl<shire and Westmoreland, 
the road passes through the site of a Roman camp; past the moors, on L, 
Maiden Castle. At Brough, which was the Roman Verterae, are ruins of a castle 
erected before the Conquest ; the ch. is an ancient fabric, and contains a pulpit 
formed out of a single stone. 

Brough to Appleby (8| — 270) ; a good but very hilly road. 
{Applehy : King's Head j Tufton Arms.) 



206 

Appleby has been twice destroyed by tlie Scots, and the greater part of it 
was in ruins till the reign of Queen Mary. The castle was founded previous 
to the Conquest, but was almost all rebuilt in 1686 ; it contains many curious 
portraits and relics. 

Appleby to Penrith (12| — 282f); steep hill to mount out of 
Appleby, then an excellent road, but with several difficult hills, through 
Crackenthorp, 272, Kirkbythore, 274J, and Temple Sowerby, 276^, (beyond 
which cross 11. Eden), to the bridge over the R. Emont, 281^, from which 
it is rather rough through Carlton, 281 f, into Penrith. 

Just before crossing B. Emont, on L, the ruins of Brougham Castle. 

Penrith to Glasgow (113|— 396J) ; through Carlisle, 300|, pp. 159 
—161. 

LONDON TO BEOUGH (by Richmond). 

London to Catterick Bridge (229^) — p. 198. 

Catterick Bridge to Richmond (3| — 233) ; after crossing B. 

Swale, turn to I. at Citadella, 229f , and it is a good gradually rising road up 

the valley of the Swale, through Brompton-upon-Swale, 230^, and St. 

Trinians, 232. 

{Richmond: King's Head ; Qaeen's Head ; Temperance; Unicorn.) 
Richmond is beautifully situated, and surrounded by picturesque scenery ; 

there are ruins of a castle founded soon afcer the Conquest, and also of Sfc. Martin's 

Priory, St. Nicholas' Hospital, and of a Grey Friary. 

Richmond to Reeth (9 — 242) ; continuing up Swaledale, through 
Marske, 231^, and Fremington, 241^, is a good and fairly level road. 

Reeth to Muker (lO^- — 252^) ; the road still runs up Swaledale, 
through Healaugh, 243^, Featham, 246, and Gunnerside, 248|, crossing 
B. Swale at Ivey Bridge, 250|. 

Muker to Kirkby Stephen (14 — 266|) ; the road runs up to the 
head of Swaledale, through Scar Head, 253^, Angeram^ 254^, and Thome, 
255, for nearly 10m,, then it is all downhill through Nateby, 265^ ; very 
hilly road, crossing over the moors most of the way. 

Kirkby Stephen to Brough (4| — 271i) ; by Brough Sowerby, 270. 

[There is another road from Beeth by turning to r. through Argengarth- 
dale, 245, after which the road crosses the moors, and is exceedingly hilly, 
and in most places very rough and bad as far as Barras, 258, thence good 
and mostly downhill to Brough, 262.] 

About 4m. before Kirkby Stephen, the mountain on r. is called Nine 
Standards Hill. On I., l^m., Pendragon Castle on the Askrigg road. 

LONDON TO GRETA BRIDGE (by Richmond). 

London to Richmond (233) — above. 

Richmond to Greta Bridge (10|— 243^) ; just before entering 
Richmond take the middle road at the cross roads, and through Kirkby 
Hill, 237^, and Smallways, 241|, it is rather hilly, but has a good surface 
on the whole, though inclined to be bad in places. [There is another road 
fey taking the right fork at the cross roads and through Gilling, 235f, a 
mile beyond which join the road from Scotch Corner, as at p. 205, and on 
to Greta Bridge, 244|.] 



207 

LONDON TO HALTWHISTLE. 

London to Greta Bridge (242|)— p. 205. 

Greta Bridge to Barnard Castle (3| — 246^); ^m. beyond Greta 
Bridge keep to r. by Eokeby Park and Eglestone Abbey, crossing B. Tees 
just before Barnard Castle ; the road is pretty good. 

(Barnard Gastle : King's Head.) 

Barnard Castle is the scene of Sir "Walter Scott'a " Rokeby." It derives its 
name from a castle erected here at the end of the 11th century, but now in 
ruins. 2m. N.E, is Streatlam Castle, surrounded by beautiful scenery. 

Barnard Castle to Middleton-in-Teesdale (9|— 255f); instead 
of going through Barnard Castle, the road keeps on the right bank of 
B. Tees all the way through Lartington, 248f , Cotherstone, 250i, Eomald- 
Kirk, 252:1, and Mickleton, 254| ; it is a fair road, but bad in wet weather. 
Lovely scenery. [There is another road by going through Barnard Castle, 
beyond the town turning to I., and through Egglestone.] 

On r., Lartington Hall. On I., Egglestone Hall. On r., Middleton Ho. 

Middleton-in-Teesdale to Alston or Aldstone Moor (171 — 273i) ' 
up the Tees valley along the left bank, through Kewbiggin, 259^, Harwood' 
265^, across the Moors, and through Carrigillgate, 269|, is hilly and an 
indifferent road ; mostly uphill for about 12m., and then on the fall. Wild 
scenery. 

3m. beyond Newbiggin, the cataract of High Force ; 4im, further on that of 
Cauldron Snout. 

Alston to Haltwliistle(12i—285f); through Whitley,276,Thornhope, 
277|, Knaresdale, 279f (keep to r.), and by Featherstonhaugh Castle, 283|. 
At Haltwhistle, Castel Banks, SohillHill, and Whitchester, aEoman camp. 

LONDON TO TYNEMOUTH. 

London to Topcliffe (212|)— p. 201. 

Topclifife to Thirsk (5 — 217|) ; keep to r. and by Thornfield Houses, 
215f. 

(Thirsk: Fleece.) 

Thirsk formerly possessed a castle, which was destroyed in the reign of 
Henry II., and from its ruins the ch. is said to have been built j the latter is a fine 
Gothic building with many monuments. 

Thirsk to Tontine Inn (12 — 229|) ; very lumpy road through 
South Kilvington, 218f , North Kilvington, 219|, Knayton, 221|, BorrowBy, 
222|, Leak, 223f , by Jeator Houses, 226^, and Mount Grace, 228f . 

At Mount Grace are the ruins of the Priory. 

Tontine Inn to Yarm (8 — ^237f) ; keep to L, and it is a very lumpy 
road through Trenholme, 231f , Crathorne, 234^, and Kirkleieinigton, 235f ; 
through Yarm is aU cobblestone paving, which will necessitate walking. 

Yarm is a romantic old towa. About 2m. S.B. is Kirk Castle. 

Yarm. to Stockton-on-Tees (4 — 241f ) ; after crossing the narrow 
bridge over B. Tees, there is a very steep hiU to climb out of Yarm, and 
then it is a very lumpy road down the valley of the Tees ; the streets of 
Stockton are macadam and very rough. 

Stockton-on-Tees : Argyle ; Black Lion.) 



208 

Stockton-on-Tees to Sunderland (26 — 267f ) ; very hilly road and 
rather rough by Norton Inn, 2435- (where keep to r.), Billingham Tj:*., 2-i4:5-, 
through Wolviston, 245|, by Red Lion Inn, 249^, through Elwick, 250^, 
Sheraton, 252|-, by Castle Eden Inn, 255j, and through Shotton, 2b6^, 
Easington, 257^, Cold Hasledon, 260f, Dalton-le-Dale, 261f , Seaham, 263, 
Ryhope, 264^, and Bishop Wearmouth, 267; rough cobblestone paving in 
Sunderland except wood pavement along High street. 

(Sunderland : Queen's, Hqrs.) 

At Elwick, on r. to Hartlepool, 5|m; here are some remains of a monastery 
of Franciscan Grey Friars, established in the 13th century ; there are also 
considerable remains of the town walls, and on the coast several natural caverns. 
Castle Eden is a fine castellated mansion. At Bishop Wearmouth, on Z., Hilton 
Castle, the baronial residence of the Hiltons from the time of Athelstan to 1746. 

Sunderland to Tynemouth (9^—277); proceed along Bridge street 
and over the Iron Bridge, 268^, (B. Wear) ; then from the outskirts of 
Wearmouth, 268f , it is a good road by Fulwell Inn, 269^, to Fulwell Tp., 
270, where is Fulwell Bank to descend, rather steep, then rather shaky to 
to Cleadon, 271^, and pretty good undulating road through Harton, 273^, 
Harton Tp., 273f, and Westoe, 274, to South Shields, 275, then cross B. 
Tyne to North Shields, 275^ ; there is a longish incline out of Sunderland, 
and run down into South Shields. 

At Tynemouth are remains of the castle and priory. 

LONDON TO EDINBURGH (by Coldstream). 

London to Morpeth (288f )— p. 199. 

Morpeth to Glanton (21 — 309|) ; at Loaning Tjo., 291, keep to Z., 
and it is a very fair road through Longhorsley Tg., 295|-, over Weldon 
Bridge, 298|, Low Framlington, 299, Long Framlington, 300, by Eimside 
House, 303^, over Rimside Moor and through Whittingham, 308. 

At Weldon Bridge, on I., Brinkbum Priory, formerly of the Black Canons, in 
the reign of Henry I. 

Glanton to Wooler (lOf— 320J) ; by Percy's Cross, 313, and 
Woolerhaugk Head, 318f, is a good road. 

(Wooler : Red Lion ; Tankerville Arms.) 

At Whittingham, on I,, Carlington Castle, Callaly Castle, and Ealington. At 
Wooler, 2 or 3m. on r., Chillingham Castle, famous for the breed of wild cattle 
preserved here. Percy's Cross, erected in memory of Sir Ealph Percy, slain here 
in 1463, in a skirmish. At Wooler, on L, Homildon Hill, the scene of a defeat 
of the Scots in 1402. 

Wooler to Coldstream (14 — 334^^) ; a good easy road, running 
down the valley of B. Till, through Akeld, 323^ (keep to r.), Milltield, 326^, 
to Pallinsburn, 329|^, then turn to I., and there is a hill to mount and 
descend to Cornhill, 333|, whence cross B. Tweed and enter Scotland. 

(Goldstream : Newcastle Arms, B.T.C.) 

Beyond Akeld, on I., on banks of R. Glen, Copeland Castle. Near Millfield, 
on L, Flodden Field, whex'e James lY. of Scotland was defeated and slain by the 
English, under the Earl of Surrey, in 1513. On r., across R. Till, Ford Castle. 
At Cornhill, 3w. on r., on the banks of the Tweed R., is Twizel Castle, and near it 
Otteaton Castle. 

Coldstream to Kelso (8| — 343^) ; the road is good and almost level, 
running up the Tweed valley ; keep to I. at Coldstyeam Tj:>., 336, 

\ 



[Tliei'G is another road from Cornliill by turning to I. and following the 
south bank of B. Tweed through Castle Wark (ruins), Carham, and 
Sprouston ; distance about the same. Or from Akeld by turning to i., 
following the course of B. Glen, by B;ittle Stone, 324^, through Kirk New- 
ton, 325|, Kilham, 328|, cross B. Glen, to Mindrum, 330|, and by Potts 
Close, 334f, to Kelso, 339^.] 

(Kelso : Queen's Head, B.T.C.) 

At Kelso are the remains of an abbey, founded in 1128. 

Kelso to Lauder (17— 360i); through Smallholm, 349^ and Bridge 
End, 356^. 

On ?•., at Lander, Thirlestane Castle. 

Lauder to Dalkeith (18|— 379) ; by Carfrae Mill Inn, 364i Channel 
Kirk Inn, 366|, Falla, 371, Costerton Inn, 872, and Path Head, 374^. 

[There is another road from Coldstream to Carfrae Mill Inn by 
Coldstream Tio., 336, Orange Lane Inn, 339f, Plowland Tp., 341f, 
Ot'eenlaiu, 344^, Whiteburn Inn, 352, Dodd Mill, 353, Thirlestane, 354, 
Norton, 356i, to Carfrae Mill Inn, 359f .] 

At Greenlaw, on I., Hume Castle. At Dalkeith are Newbattle Abbey, 
Melville Castle, and Dalkeith Palace. 

Dalkeith to Edinburgh (6^—3851). 

[The shorter roEwi is through Coldstream and Greenlaw to Edinburgh, 
380f.] 

LONDON TO EDINBURGH (by Jedburgh). 

London to Newcastle-upon-Tyne (274) — p. 199. 

Newcastle-upon-Tyne to Lauder (78^ — 352|) ; leave Newcastle 
by Barrack Eoad, over Town Moor (west side), and it is all up and down, 
sharp but short hills, through Kenton 2^j9., 277, Woolsingfton, 278|, to 
Fonteland, 2812^, with fair surface ; then by Higham Dykes, 284, and Belsay 
Castle, 287i, over good surface and level road, by Belsay, 289 (keep to Z.), 
Low Ho., 289|, and Wallington, 292^, to Kirk Whelpington, 295 ; then over 
Harwood Moor through Elsdon, 302f, Otterburn, 304f, Ellishaiv, 308, 
Bagrave, 309|, Eochester, 312, Buryness, 315, Lumsden, 317^, Carter Fell 
Tp., 322 (enter Scotland), Doveford Bridge, 326|, Jedburgh, 332^, Ancrum 
Tp., 335|^, ISTewton, 341^, and by Fhj Bridge, 343^, it is a give and take road, 
very hilly, as it crosses over the Cheviot Hills, but with good surface. 

(Jedburgh : Eed Lion.) 

Beyond Wallington, 2m. on r., Kothley Castle. At Higham Dykes on r., 
Ogle Castle. Otterburn was the scene of the celebrated battle of Chevy Chase, in 
1388 ; near it is Otterburn Castle. At Jedburgh are remains of the beautiful 
Abbey, part of it now the parish ch. At Fly Bridge, on L, Melrose and ruins of 
the Abbey. 

Lauder to Edinburgh (21— 373i)— above ; through Dalkeith, 367. 

LONDON TO JEDBURGH (by Corbridge). 

London to West Auckland (246|)— p. 198. 

West Auckland to Witton-le-Wear (4^— 250f) ; keep first to I, 



210 

then to r., and there is a steep climb on to Toft Hill, 248^, followed by a 
long descent to the bridge over R. Wear. 
Before Wear bridge, on r., Witton Castle. 

Witton-le-Wear to Allan's Ford (13— 263f) ; keep to I. and by 
Hordon Head, 252|, Harperley Gate or Lane Head, 253f , Towlaw, 256^, and 
Cold Rowley, 262^. 

On I., Harperley Park ; 3m. past Towlaw, on r., Butsfield Abbey and B} erlej 
Hall. At Cold Kowley, on I., White Hall. 

Allan's Ford to Corbridge (12— 275f ) ; by Green Head Inn, 266, 
Unthank, 268f , and Riding, 273f , and llm. fui'ther keep to r. and cross 
R. Tyne. Returning, at Riding keep to r. 

At Unthank, on L, Minster Acres. 

Corbridge to Colwell (71—283^) ; by Wheatsheaf Inn, 278|, where 
join Watling Street, and follow it to Colwell. 

Beyond Corbridge, on I., Sandhoe and Beaufront. On r., Aydon Castle. 

Colwell to Corsenside, ch. (9|-293i) ; by Tone Pitt Inn, 286f, 
and over Woodburne Bridge, 291^. 

Beyond Colwell, on I., Swinburn Castle. At Tone Pitt Inn, on r., Careycoats. 

Corsenside to EUishaw (4 — 297i), through Troughend, 295f . 

Ellishaw to Jedburgh (24^—321^)— p. 209. 

LONDON TO SUNDERLAND (by Durliam). 

London to Durham (2o9i)— p. 198. 

Durham to Houghton-le-Spring {6^ — 266|) ; in Durham turn to 
r. after crossing R. Wear once, and there is a pretty steep ascent out of the 
city, then j>ood road by Blue House, 262, and through Rainton Pitt Houses 
or West Rainton, 263^, and East Rainton, 264^. 

(Hough'on-le-Spring .■ White Lion.) 

Houghton-le- Spring to Sunderland {6} — 272^) ; steep ascent 
from Houghton, and then a good road, though hilly through East Harring- 
ton, 268f, and Bishop Wearmouth, 271f; heavy in wet weather; rough 
cobblestone paving through Sunderland, except the middle of the town, 
which is paved with wood along High street. 

LONDON TO EDINBUEGH (by York). 

London to Bawtry (153^)— p. 196. 

Bawtry to Thorne (13^ — 166f ) ; turn a little to r. in Bawtry and 
through Avisterfield, I54|, Finningley, I57i, Blaxton, 158^, Torne Bridge, 
160j, Hatfield Woodhouse, 163^, and Bearwood Green, 164; for first 3 or 4jrt. 
undulating, then level. 

{Thome : Green Dragon; Greyhound ; Red Lionj White Hart.) 

On r., at Hatfield Woodhouse, is Hatfield Chase. 

Thorne to Snaith (7 — 173|); level road, running near R. Don for 
4m,, then over New Bridge, 17Ii, and to I. over Turnbridge, 172|^. 
(Snaith : Downe Arms.) 

Snaith to Selby (8 — 181|); cross E. Aire, and through Carleton,176|, 
Camblesforth, 177^, over Camblesforth Moor to Botany Bay Inn, 180i; 
Selby is roughly paved. 



211 

(Selhy : Londesborough Arms.) 

At Carleton, 2 or 3m. on r., Drax Abbey. At Selby are remains of an abbey 
foxmded by William the Conqueror, whose son Henry I. was born here. 

Selby to York (14| — 196:^) ; cross B. Ouse, and go through Barlby, 
183i (keep to l), Eiccall, 185^, Escrick, 188|, Deighton, 190, and Gate 
Fulford, 194i; it is level but not a good road, being narrow and rutty in 
many parts, but improves towards York. Country very flat and 
uninteresting, 

(York : Black Swan; Hartrer's ; North Eastern ; Queen's; Scawin's ; Station; 
White Swan Inn ; York.) 

York, the Koman Eboracum, is a fine city; perhaps most celebrated for its 
magnificent cathedral, the largest and most beautiful of its kind in the kingdom ; 
it was founded in 626, and the present building dates from 1228. There are also 
remains of the city walls ; the castle, including Clifford's Tower, supposed to be 
Roman; ruins of St. Mary's Abbey; Yorkshire Museum and Gardens; Assembly 
Rooms, &c. 

York to Easingwold (13^ — 209f ) ; bad and heavy road through 
Clifton, 1971, Rawclifi: Tp., 199f, and Skelton, 200|, to Shipton, 202^, then 
capital going through Tollerton Lanes, 206, and Shire Houses, 208. 

{Easingwold: George, B.T.C.) 

Easingwold to Thirsk (lOi— 220) ; by White Houses, 211^, through 
Thormanby, 213^, Birdforth, 214^ and Bagby Common Tg., 217. 

Thirsk to Northallerton (8| — 228|) ; after crossing the bridge in 
Thirsk keep to r., and it is a splendid road through Thornton-le- Street, 
222|- ; formerly it was part of the Great North Road. 

Northallerton to Edinburgh (170^ — 399); through Darlington, 
244f, Sunderland Bridge, 258f, Durham, 263, Cheeter-le- Street, 269, 
Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 274^, Morpeth, 292^, Alnwick, 311i Belford, 326, 
and Berwick-upon-Tweed, 341 — pp. 201-202. 

LONDON TO YORK (by Tadcaster). 

London to Brotherton (178^) — ^p. 197; keep to right entering 
Brotherton. 

Brotherton to Tadcaster (12 — 190|) ; the road is a little easier as 
to hills, but stiU indifferent and rough to South Milford, 182i-, after which 
there is rather an improvement through Sherburn, 183^, Barkston, 185, 
and Towton, 187^, with a nice run down when approaching Tadcaster. 

(Tadcaster: Londesborough, B.T.C.) 

At Towton, on I., Towton Field, where the Lancastrians were routed by 
EdwardlV., in 1461. 

Tadcaster to York (9 — 199|) ; keep to r. in Tadcaster, and it is a 
flat, uninteresting, rough, and patchy road by Street Houses, 193f, and 
Dring Houses, 198:^ ; in wet weather very bad, improves towards York, and 
the last mile or two is good going. 

At Dring, on r., Bishopthorpe, the palace of the Archbishop of York. 

LONDON TO YORK (by Askern). 

Iiondon to Doncaster (162|)— p. 196. 

72 



212 

Doneaster to Askern (7 — 169|) ; turn to r. just beyond Dondaster, 
and it is a pretty good and level road through Bentley and Owston. 

Askern to Selby (13 — 182^); through Haddesley,179i, is a very bad 
road, though level all the way; it is stony and rutty, being made of a soft 
kind of limestone, -which when worn down gives a clayey surface, rough 
and rutty when dry. 

-Qemy to York (14i— 196f )— p. 210. 

LONDON TO GUISBOEOUGH AND RED CAR. 

London to Tontine Inn (229|)— p. 207. 

Tontine Inn to Stokesley (7^ — 237^); keep to r. through Arncliffe, 
230i, andWhorlton, 232. 

(Stokesley : Black Swan, B.T.C.) 
At Whorlton, on r., Whorlton Castle. 

Stokesley to Gnisborough (8—245^); very good road through 
Great Ayton, 239f , Newton, 241^, atid Pinchinthorp, 242^. 
(Guishorough : Buck; Cock. — Great Ayton : Temperance.) 
At Newton, on r,, is Eoseberry Topping, a remarkable hill, from which is 
obtained a spleuclid view. 

Guisborough to Redcar (8 — 253|) ; the road rapidly deteriorates to 
Kirk Leatham, 250^, after which it is very bad and stony to Eedcar; level. 
(Redcar : Ued Lion, B.T.C.) 
On r., Skelton Castle and IJpleatham Hall. 

LONDON TO KIRBY MOORSIDE. 

London to York (196^)— p. 211. 

York to Stillington (11— 207i) ; through Wiggington, 200^ and 
Sutton-on-t he-Forest, 204:i-, through the district formerly known as the 
Forest of Griltres. 

Stillirgton to Gilling (7 — 214^). On I. pass Crake Castle, and at 
Gilling on ?. Gilling Castle. 

Gilling to Helmsley — or Helm sley Blackmoor (5—21 9|); level and 
fairly good road through Oswaldkii'k, 215^, and Sproxton, 21 7f. 

{Helmsley : Eoyal Oak.) 

At Os-v\aldkirk, about 3m. on Z., ruins of Byland Abbey, 4m. from Helmsley, 
and well worth a visit, though it is only reached on foot. On I. of the town, 
Buncombe Park, Lord Feversham. 3m. N.W. are the ruins of Rivaulx Abbey, 
founded in L181 by Cistercian monks. 

Helmsley to Kirby Moorside (5|—224|); turn tor. and through 
Nawton,221|. 

LONDON TO WHITBY. 

London to York (196^)— p. 211. 

York to Spittle Bridge (10|— 207); level for first 5m., then a 
gradual rise over Stockton Moor, and for l^m. past Lobster House Inn, 204, 
and a little downhill again to Spittle Bridge; it is not a good road, being 



213 

very sandy, and soft and heavy going in wet -weatlier ; railway crossing at 
Barton Hill Station, a little before Spittle Bridge. 

At Lobster House Inn, 3m. on I., ruins of Sheriff Button Castle. 

Spittle Bridge to Malton (7| — 214^); yery long hill to ascend to 
"Whitwell-on-the-Hill, 208^, then downhill for a mile, followed by a corres- 
ponding rise, and the last 3m. chiefly downhill into Malton ; good surface, 
but sticky and heavy in wet weather. 

{Malton: George; Old Globe ; Eose and Crown ; EojalOak; Sun; Talbot.) 

At Whitwell, 2hi. on I., Castle HoTvard, the magnificent seat of the Earl of 

Carlisle. At Malton (called also Kew Malton) are the remains of an ancient castle. 

Malton to Pickering (8^ — 222|) ; keep to Z., and it is hilly but not 
very rough through Old Malton, 215^, and How Bridge, 217|. 

(Pickering: Black Lion; White Swan.) 

Pickering contains a spacious and ancient ch., and the ruins of a castle, which 
was besieged by the Parliamentarians. About Sm. N.W., at Cawthorne, are 
remains of 2 Roman camps, and beyond, at Croptou, of a British one. Further 
on are the ruins of Rosedale Abbey. 

Pickering to Saltergate (8^ — 231^) ; the road is hilly but rideablo 
through Lockton, 22 7f, with a very steep descent into Saltergate. 

Saltergate to Whitby (11| — 243) ; the road goes over the moors 
for the greater part of the way and is very hilly, the hills being either too 
steep or too rough for riding without a brake, and in parts little better than 
a rougli grassy track, through Silla Cross, 236^, to Sleights, 238f , where 
it leaves the moors by a tremendously steep winding hill, at the bottom of 
which is a level railway crossing ; from here the road improves and follows 
the valley of B. Esk through Carr End, 239^, and Euswarp, 241. 

(Whithy : Crown; Eoyal.) 

At Whitby are the remains of the abbey ch.; also St. Mary's ch., approached 
by 190 steps ; fine piers, town-house, library, museum, baths, &c. 2m, 
distant is Mul grave Castle (Marquis of Normanby). 

LONDON TO SCARBOROUGH. 

London to Malton (214J)— above. 

Malton to Rillington (4^— 218|) ; turn to r. in Malton, and there 
is a descent to E. Derwent, which cross to Norton, 214f, and the rest is 
almost level, with a gentle rise to Scagglethorp Tg., 217i ; the surface is not 
so good. 

Rillington to Snainton (8— 226|) ; the road is still bad; about l^m. 
beyond Eillington keep to I., and there is a httle downhill to Knapton 
Station, 221|-, where is a level railway crossing, and the rest is level over 
Yeddingham Bridge, 223| {B. Derwent), to Snainton. 

Snainton to Scarborough v9| — 236^) ; out of Snainton is a slight 
ascent, then level, and all an excellent road, through Brompton, 228J, 
AVykeham, 230, Hutton Bushel, 230f, and West Ayton, 231^, to East 
Ayton, 231f , put of which, after crossing B. Derwent, is a very steep hill 
to mount, rising 226 ft. in l|m. ; on the top is a good run ov€r an excellent 
level road through Stepney, 233f, and Falsgrave, 235^, and past the 
racecourse, with fine views of scenery; big hill to descend iuto Scarborough, 
yery steep at the bottom. 



214 

(Scarhorougli ; Crown; Grand; Prince of "Wales; Queen; Eoyal; White 
Horse Inn.) 

At Wykeliam, on r., "Wykeliam Abbey, a noble mansion, erected on the site of 
a priory founded 1153. Scarborough is the Brighton of the North East coast, 
and during the autumn is a great resort of the nobility and gentry. It combines 
splendid sea-bathing, with a mineral Spa: there are assembly rooms; theatre; 
libraries, &c, ; also a ruinous old castle, built in the reign of King Stephen, and 
besieged twice by the Parliamentarians, who dismantled it. Beautiful and 
romantic scenery in the neighbourhood. 

LONDON TO MARKET WEIGHTON 

London to Thorno (166|)— p. 210. 

Thorne to Howden (IS^ — 180) ; level road, running near R. Don 
for 4m., then over New Bridge, 171i, and Im. further keep to r. through 
Eawcliffe, 173^, and Armin, 176 J, and cross B. Ouse at Booth Ferry, 178^. 

At Howden are ch. and ancient palace of the Bishops of Durham. 

Howden to Market Weighton (12 — 192); leaving Howden keep 
to Z. through Benland, 181f , by Howden Grange, 183|, over Welham Bridge, 
185, thi'ough Holme, 187, and across Spalding Moor : quite level. 

{Market Weighton: Half Moon, B.T.C) 

LONDON TO CROWLE. 

London to Newark (1241) — p. 196 

Newark to Newton (14^ — 138f ) ; leaving !N"ewark turn to r. along 
the Eoman Fosse Way for a mile, and after crossing over the railway turn 
off to I. and through Winthorpe, 126J, Langford, 128, Collingham, 130, 
Besthorpe, 132, and Girton, 133^. 

Newton to Gainsborough (10^ — 149^) ; through Torksey, 142|» 
Marton, 144^, Knaith, 146|-, and Lea, 147^. 
{Gainsborough : Black Head ; White Hart.) 

Gainsborough to Epworth (10| — 160) ; through Morton, 150f, 
East Stockwith, 152^, cross B. Trent, through West Stockwith, 153, along 
the left bank of the Trent to Owston, 157, and then to I. 

Epworth to Crowle (7 — 167); entering Epworth keep to r. and 
fihrougli Belton, 162. 

LONDON TO BURTON-UPON-STATHER. 

London to Gainsborough (149^) — above. 

Gainsborough to Scotter (8^ — 157^) ; a little out of Gainsborough 
turn to r. and through Blyton, 152|-, and Scotton, 156^ 

Scotter to Burton-upon-Stather (11^ — 169); through Messingham, 
160, Froddingham, 164, Scunthorpe, 164|, Crosby, 165, and Normanby, 168. 

LONDON TO WHITBY (by Lincoln). 

London to Norman Cross (76)— p. 195. 

Norman Cross to Peterborough (5f— 81f ) ; turn to r. and It is a 



215 

level and good road till nearing Peterborough, -when it becomes rough ; 
just before Peterborough cross li. Nen ; paved through the town. 

{Peterborough : Crown ; Granville Temperance.) 

Peterborough is a small but well-built toAvn ; the cathedral was formerly a 
Benedictine abbey, founded in early Saxon times, but the present building was 
erected at different periods in the 12th, 13th, and 15th centuries. 

Peterborough to Market Deeping (8 — 89f); through Walton, 84|, 
Werrington, 84f , Glinton, 86^ (keep to r.), and Northborough, 88:^, is level 
but a rough uneven road, made with granite. 

{Market Deeping : New Inn.) 

Market Deeping to Bourn (7| — 97^); fairly level and good road 
through Langtoft, 92, Baston, 93:^^, over Kate's Bridge, 94, and through 
Thurlby, 95^. 

(Bourn : Crown.) 

About 3m. on J., is Grimsthorpe Castle, the seat of Lord Willoughby d'Eresby, 
an irregular castellated building, with a beautiful chapel and a fine collection of 
paintings. At Bourn are traces of the site of an Augustinian priory. 

Bourn to Folkingham (8f — 106^) ; through Morton, 100, and 
Aslackby, 104^, is a wretched road. 

At Folkingham are some slight remains of a castle. 

Folkingham to Sleaford (9— 1151) ; through Is'ewton Goss, 108|, 
Osbornby, 109i, Aswarby, 110^, and Silk Willoughby, 113i. 

(Sleaford : Bristol Arms ; Lion.) 

At Sleaford handsome ch. erected in the 13th century, and containing several 
remarkable monuments : 2 or 3m. on r. are remains of Haverholme Priory. 
Aswarby Ho. 

Sleaford to Green Man Inn (9| — 124|); through Holdingham, 
116f, and Leasingham, 11 7^. 

Beyond Leasingham, on r., Bloxham Hall. Before Green Man Inn, on r., 
Blankney Hall. 

Green Man Inn to Lincoln (8|— 133^) ; the road crosses over 
Lincoln Heath, by Dunston Pillar, 126f. 

(Lincoln: Club; Great Northern; Saracen's Head; SpreadEagle; White Hart.. 

Dunston Pillar is a quadrang-olar stone shaft, about lOOfeethigh, erected on the 
heath as a guide for travellers. Beyond, on r., Nocton Hall, Branston Hall, and 
Canwick Hall. Lincoln, the Lindum Colonia of the Romans, is one of the few 
cities containing part of a Roman wall, viz : the Newport Gate. The city abounds 
in antiquities; the chief building is the beautiful cathedral, situate on a hill 
whence it is visible many miles around, and containing many old monuments 
besides a Roman pavement, &c. ; it also has a large bell, Great Tom of Lincoln ; 
there are also ruins of the Bishop's Palace, remains of the castle erected by 
William the Conqueror, and the remains of John of Gaunt's Palace. 

Lincoln to Spital-in-the-Street (IIJ— 144|); thisisacontinuaticr 
of the Roman Ermine street, and runs in a straight line past Midge 
Inn, 138| ; there is a steep ascent from Lincoln, then level with a steep 
descent to Spital. 

About 3m. beyond Midge Inn, on I., Summer Castle, a fine castellated mansion. 
Beyond it, Glentworth. Before Spital, on r., Cainby Hall. 

Spital-in-the-Street to Brigg, or Glanford Bridge (11|— 156|); 
following Ermine street for 5m., and then to r. through Redbourne, 151i, 
and Hibaldstow, 152|, the road becomes worse and worse, being made of 



216 

a whitish stone, very soft and greasy when wet; about 2m. beyond 
Hibaldstow is a level railway crossing over the M. S. & L. line, after which 
the road is harder ; Brigg is paved ; a mile before the town turn to r. 

(Brigg : Angel.) 

Beyond Spital, on r., Norton Place. On turning to r., Im. before Brigg, about 
4m. N., are the ruins of Thornham Abbey. 

Brigg to Barton-on-Humber (10|— 167^) ; leaving Brigg, keep to 
I. and again a mile further on. 

{Barton : George.) 

3iw. beyond Brigg, on r., Elsliam Hall. At Barton, St. Peter's ch. is an early 
Norman building, the tower having been erected about the time of the Conquest. 

Barton-on-Humber to Hull (7 — 174|) ; through Barton to Water- 
side, 167|, whence cross B. Humbcr by ferry to Hull, [There is another 
road by turning to r. in Barton and going along the lanes through Barrow, 
169f, to New Holland, 172j, to which there is a hill to descend, and then 
by ferry to Hull, 175^.] 

{Hull: Cross Keys; George, B.T.C.; Paragon; Eaihvay; Eoyal Station; 
Temperance.) 

About 5m. B. of Barton are Thornton College and the ruins of Thornton 
Abbey or Priory, founded in 1139. Hull, or Kingston-upon-Hull, is the fourth 
seaport of England. The ancient gates of the town still remain. 

Hull to Beverley (9— ]B3i); through Newlands, 176^, Dunswell, 
179, and Woodmansea, 18H, is level and fair going in fine weather. 

[There is another road from Barton by crossing from Waterside to 
Hessle, 171i, and then through Anlaby, 173, Kirk Ella, 173|, and Skidby, 
1761, to Beverley, 180|; after Anlaby it is rather hilly.] 

{Beverley : Beverley Arms.) 

Beyond Newlands, 2m. on I., Cottingham Castle. At Beverley, the beautiful 
collegiate ch. of St. John, or Minster, containing some handsome monuments of 
the Percys ; also St. Mary's ch. 

Beverley to Driffield (131—196^); going out of Beverley at the 
Gate keep to r. and again to r. at Molescroft, 184:^, and then through 
Leconfield, 186, Scorborough, 187^, Beswick, 189|, Watton, 191, and Hutton 
Cranswick, 193; good road, an improvement on the last stage, and there are 
no hills of any consequence except a stiff pull up a longish hill after Watton. 

(Driffield : Bell ; Buck ; Keys ; Bed Lion.) 

At Watton, on r., Watton Abbey. 

Driffield to Bridlington (11^—208); soon after leaving Driffield 
there is a hill to ascend followed by a steep run down, and then a 
succession of up hill and down, but none of any moment, through 
Nafferton, 199, Bracy Bridge, 201^, Burton Agnes, 202|, Thornholm, 203f, 
Haysthorpe, 204^, Carnaby, 205f, and Bessmgby, 206|; good road, but 
rather soft and heavy after rain. 

(Bidlington Quay : Britannia; Brunswick.) 

At Bridlington are some vestiges of an Augustine priory, founded in the 
reign of Henry I., and to which the town owed its origin. About Im. S.E., is 
Bridlington Quay, a great resort for sea-bathing and its mineral springs. 3^m. 
E. of Bridlington, through Sewerby 2m., is the fishing village of Elamborough, 
where is a ruined Danish Tower and an ancient ch. : 2m. further is the promontory 
of Flamborough Head. 

Bridlington to Heighton (6^— 213J) ; for the first mile or two 
there are some fine sea views, then the road turns iplfind, and is nearly all 



217 

uphill, going through a bleak and somewhat desolate-looking country ab 
the back of Flamborough Head: the road is sandy and stony, being 
repaired with sea pebbles, and very hilly. 

Across the back of Flamborough Head is an ancient earthwork, called 
Danes' Dyke. 

Reighton to Gristhorpe (7 — 220J) ; through Hunmanby, 216^, and 
Muston, 218^, is undulating and rather better going. [There is another 
road on r., direct to Muston along the cliffs instead of going through 
Hunmanby; ^m. shorter.] 

Im. before Gristhorpe, on r., is Filey, out of which, on the Scarborough road, 
is a hill to mount through the Fairies' Glen. 

Gristhorpe to Scarborough (5 — 225i); rough and hilly road, 
winding over the cliffs, and just before Scarborough there are two or three 
eharp up and down hills, and after mounting the last stiff hill there follows 
a fine run down into the town past Oliver's Mount. 

[There are two other routes from Driffield to Scarborough. 

The first by Kendal Ho., 198, Lantoft, 202^, Foxholes, 206^, Staxton, 
210f, Seamer, 213|^, and Falsgrave, 216|, to Scarborough, 217|, is terribly 
hilly, with long hill to descend into Scarborough, very steep at the bottom. 

The second route is through Nafferton, 199 (shortly after keep to L), 
Kilham, 202|^, and ISTorth Burton, 208^, to Hunmanby, 212^, whence to 
Scarborough, 221| ; rather hilly road but better than the direct one.] 

Scarborough to Cloughton m — 230); through Burniston, 229, 
the road is undulating and just passable. 
At Cloughton, on I., Hackuess Ilall. 

Cloughton to Whitby (13| — 243f); the road goes across the moors 
through Stainton Dale, 233, by Peak Alum Works, 235^, MiU Beck, 237^, 
and through Thorpe Town, 238^, Hawsker, 240^, and Stainsacre Lane, 241:^; 
as far as Hawsker not ^m. altogether can be ridden, while some of the hills 
are dreadfully steep ; the surface is a mass of broken stones, the rains 
apparently washing all the earth away from them : from Hawsker to the 
hill leading down into Whitby the road is just passable, but the hill must 
be walked down. 

LONDON TO LINCOLN (by Newark). 

London to Newark (124|)— p. 196. 

Newark to Lincoln (16 — 140|) ; in Newark turn to r. and the road 
is a continuation of the Eoman Fosse Way, through Winthorpe Lane, 126^, 
by Halfway Ho., 132|, and through Bracebridge, 138|^ ; it is fairly level but 
a bad road, being partly a narrow lane and partly a wide grass-grown road 
with a mere track in the middle: the surface is very soft and heavy going; 
about 3m. before Lincoln the road is better. 

LONDON TO LINCOLN (by Grantham). 

London to Grantham (110^) — p. 195. 

Grantham to Leadenham (10^ — 120f ) ; in Grantham turn to r. 
and through Belton, 112f (keep to I,), Syston, H3f, Barkston, 114^ (keep 



218 



to r.), Honington, llb^, Carlton Scrope, 11 6f, Normanton, 117|, Claythorpe, 
119, andFulbeck, 119f. 




Well 
Harmston 

LONDON TO GAINSBOEOUGH (by Lincoln). 

London to Lincoln (133i)— p. 215. 

Lincoln to Gainsborough (18f — 152) ; in Lincoln tnrn to I. and 
then through Saxilby, 139| (Ifm. further keep to v.), Fenton, 143:|^, Torksey. 
144^, Marton, 146|, Knaith, 148f, and Lea, 150. 

LONDON TO MALTON (by Hull). 

London to Beverley (183^)— p. 216. 

Beverley to Bainton (10 — 193|) ; going cut of Beverley, at the 
Gate keep to v., and at Molescroft, 184-^, to I., and through CheiTy Burton. 
185^, and Lund, 190^. 

Bainton to Wetwang (5^— 198|), through Tibthorpe, 194f. 

Wetwang to Malton (13 — 211f); through Wharram-le- street, 204^, 
Korth Grimston, 206f, and ISTorton, 21 1|. 

LONDON TO BRIDLINGTON (by Leven). 

London to Beverley (183^)— p. 216. 

Beverley to Leven (6| — 190) ; in Beverley turn to r., then ovei 
Hull Bridge, 185i, and through Tickton, 185|, Kouth, 186f, and White 
Cross, 188f , is a fairly good and almost level road. 

Leven to Beeford (61— 196^); by Barff Hill, 191i, through Brands- 
burton, 191|, and by Partings Guide Post, 192^, and Warley Cross Hill, 194. 

Beeford to Bridlington (10^— 206|): by Lissit Bridge, 198, Lissit 
Chapel, 199, through Barmston, 200^, by Auburn Ho., 203^, and tlu'ougli 
Hilderthorpe, 205:^. From Barmston the road runs close by the sea shore. 

LONDON TO HOENSEA. 

London to Leven (190) — above. 

Leven to Hornsea (5| — 195|) ; turn to r. in Leven, and it is a bad 
road through Catwick, 191-o, Sigglesthorne, 193^, and Seaton, 194: there 
are no hills. 

[Or from Hull, 174^ (p. 216), turn to r., and through Bilton, 178|, 
Sproatley, 181:^, Aldbrough, 184^, and Mapleton, 187|, to Hornsea, 191^ ; 
the road is monotonous and level, with a rough surface. Or turn to I. im. 
before Bilton, and go through Gan stead, 178f, Coniston, 179f, South 
Skirlaugh, 182^, then turn to r. and through Kise, 183i, to Sigglesthorno, 
185^.] 

(Hornsea : Alexandra.) 



219 

LONDON TO GEEAT GRIMSBY. 

London to Market Deeping (89f)— p. 215. 

Market Deeping to Spalding (Hi— 101^); in Market Deeping 
turn to r. and through St. James Deeping, 9of , by Blue Bell, 94|, New Inn, 
98|, and through Little London, 100^, the road improves to Spalding, 
where it is good, the granite gradually giving way to gravel level all the 
way. 

[Or turn o2 to the right ^m. beyond ISTorthborough, 88|-, and go 
straight to St. James Deeping, 891-, passing Market Deeping on L] 

{Spalding : White Hart, B.T.C.) 

At Scalding handsome ch, bailt in 1284. 

Spalding to Gosberton Tp. (6— 107i) ; through Pinchbeck, 103^, 
and Surfleet, 105|, is a very fair road, almost level. 

Gosberton Tp. to Boston (10— 117i) ; turn to r. and it is a pretty 
fair road through Sutterton, 111, to Kirton, 113^, whence is a splendid 
smooth surface to Boston : all level. 

(Boston: Bell; Peacock; White Hart.) 
. At Boston, St. Botolph's ch. is worth seeing, 

Boston to Stickney (8f — 126) ; in Boston take the right hand road, 
and it is level and pretty good by Burton Corner, 118^ (keep to I.), to 
Sibsey, 122, after which it becomes very often bad and loose. 

Stickney to Spilsby (7^ — 133^); it is a similar kind of road through 
Stickford, 128, to West Keal, 131, where the first bill is met, and the road 
becomes good, and continues so through East Kctvi, 131^, to Spilsby. 

{Spilsby : White Hart.) 

At Stickford, a little on L, Hagnaby Priory ; bejond it Revesby Abbey. 

Spilsby to Ulceby Cross (6^— 139f) ; through Partney, 135f, and 
Dalby Tp., 137^, good surface, but very hilly. 

Ulceby Cross to Louth (lOf— 150J) ; by Calceby Beck Houses, 
141^, and through Burwell, 144|, and Dexthorpe Tp., 148|, is still hilly, 
the surface improving, and being very good from Burwell to Louth. 

{Louth : King's Head : Mason's Arms.) 

On I., Calceby ruins. On r., Burwell Park. At Dexthorpe, 2m. on r., 
Legbourn Abbey. 

Louth to Great Grimsby (15^ — 166) ; very good road for Lincoln- 
shire through Fotherby, 163^, and IJtterby, Ib-ih, to Ludborough, 156^, 
then fair to North Thoresby, 158:^, but gets worse through Waith, 160, 
Holton-le-Clay, 161^, and Scartho, 164, up to Great Grimsby. 

{Great Grimsby : Eoyal ; White Hart ; Yarborough.) 

At Ludborough, Im. on I., Beeshy ruins. At Great Grimsby, St. James' ch.^ 
beautiful specimen ot early English. 

LONDON TO GREAT GEIMSBY (by Lincoln). 

London to Lincoln (133i) -p. 215. 

Lincoln to Langworth Bridge (6 — 139|); turn to r. in Lincoln, 
and the road is very bad, being usually considered to be one of the worst 
bits of road in the county. 



220 

At Langworth Bridge, 2m. S., are ruins of Barling Abbey, and 2m. E. are ruins 
of Wragby Abbey. 

Langworth Bridge to Market Rasen (9-^ — 148f) ; turn to Z. and 
through Stainton, 140 (keep to n), Snalland, 142 (keep to r.), Wickenby, 
143|-, Lessington, 144|, and Linwood, 146^ : it is not a good road. 

(Market Rasen : Gordon Arms j White Harij.) 

Market Easen to Caistor (85 — 157) ; through Usselby, 151^, and 
Nettleton, 166. 

(Caistor: Bed Lion.) 

Caistor derives its name from the Roman " Castrum," there having been an 
encampment here. Some Roman and Saxon antiquities have been found at 
Castle Hill, near to. Ancient ch. 

Caistor to Great Grimsby (12 1 — 169|) ; through Cabourn, 158i, 
Swallow, 160, Irby, 163|, and Laceby, 166. 

[Or from Marhet Basen by Walesby, 151^, Stainton-le-Yale, 154|, 
Thorganby, 157^, East Eavendale, 160, Brigsley, 161f, Waltham, 163, and 
Scartho, 164f, to Great Grimsby, 166|.] 

LONDON TO LOUTH (by Sleaford). 

London to Sleaford (115^)— p. 215. 

Sleaford to Tattershall (llf — 127) ; in Sleaford turn to r., and go 
through Anwick, 119f, Billinghay, 122|, and over Tattershall Bridge, 
125| ; very fair surface, wide and perfectly flat road. 

At Anwick, on r., remains of Haverholme Priory. At Billinghay, on Z., ruing 
of Catley Abbey. At Tattershall, remains of a castle erected in the 15th century, 
and the ruins of a ch., once a magnificent structure. 

Tattershall to Horncastle (8f— 135f) ; through Coningsby, 128f 
(keep to I.), by Swan Inn, 129^ (keep to I.), and through Haltham, 131f ; 
fair at first, but deteriorates nearing Horncastle, and is generally loose with 
deep ruts. 

About 2m. beyond Haltham, on r., Scrivelsby Court, the seat of the Dymoke 
family, the champions of England. At Horncastle are traces of a Roman camp. 

Horncastle to Louth (13^—149) ; in Horncastle keep to r., and 
through West Ashby, 137^, Samblesby, 140f , Cawkwell, 141^, Dovendale, 
143f , Maltby, 145|, and Eaithby, 147 ; the road goes over the AVolds, and 
is bad and very hilly : Sm. from Horncastle is the steep ascent of Cawkwell 
Hill, utterly unrideable. [A better way is to turn to v. ^\m. from Horn- 
castle, and go through Tathwell to Louth.] 

LONDON TO SWINESHEAD. 

London to Gosberton Tp. (107i)— p. 219. 

Gosberton Tp. to Donington (4— 111^); take the left hand road 
Ind through Quadring, 109. 

At Donington, ancient ch., on which are traces of a Roman inscription. 

Donington to Swineshead, IN'orth End (4|— 1151): through 
Bicker, lllf, and Gantlet, 112f . ° 

{Sivineshead : Griffin.) 



!22l 

LONDON TO HORNCASTLE (by Boston)* 

London to Boston (117i)— p. 219. 

Boston to Revesby (10| — 127f); level and pretty ^ood road 
tlirongh Carrington, 124^, and New Bolingbroke, 126|, crossing part of 
the Fens. [Tliere is another road from Stickney to New Bolingbroke, 2f— 
128f , level and pretty good.] 

At Revesby is Eevesby Abbey. 

Revesby to Horncastle (6^ — 134|) ; leaving Eevesby bear to ^, 
through Marcham le Fen, 129^, (turn to r.) Wood Enderby, 130f , and 
Scrivelsby, 132 ; level all the way, good in parts, but generally bad and 
stony, and on the whole not favourable for bicycling. 

At Scrivelsby, on r., Scrivelsby Court, the seat of the Dymoke family, 
champions of England. 

LONDON TO SPALDING (by Crowland). 

London to Peterborough (81 f)— p. 214. 

Peterborough to Crowland (8| — 90^); in Peterborough turn to 7*., 
then to I., and it is a good road, almost level, through Newark, 83|, and 
Eye, 85, beyond which turn to I., and then a straight road into Crowland. 
[Or follow the Lincoln road for Im., and then turn to r. and through Dods- 
thorpe, 83f , to Crowland, 90f .] 

At Crowland, ruins of the splendid abbey, founded in 716, part of it being 
Btill used as the parish ch. j also a remarkable old bridge, supposed to have been 
built about 860. 

Crowland to Spalding (9^| — 99|); good level road through Cowbit, 
961 



II r ■ r r trrr 



222 



SECTION VIII. 

From Royal Exchange; North Eastern Roads (Essex, 
Suffolk, Norfolk, East Huntingdonshire, and East 
Cambridgeshire) 



LONDON TO EDINBUEGH (by Ware). 

(The milestones on this route are measured from. Shoreditch Church.) 

Royal Exchange to Tottenham High Cross (5^) ; asphalte 
paveKient for ^m., along Threadneedle Street and Bishopsgate Street, and 
then wood paving along Norton Folgate to Shoreditch, opposite Bishops- 
gate Street Station, Im., where tramway begins ; then it is granite paving 
past Shoreditch ch., 1^, and along Kingsland Eoad to Kingsland, 2J, where 
it gives way to ordinary macadam, rough and lumpy, through Stoke 
Newington, 3f , and Stamford Hill, 4|, on the top of which, after a slight 
rise, the tramway ends : on the north side the descent is som.ewhat steeper, 
and then level to Tottenham High Cross, still macadam : heavy traffic, bad 
for bicycling. 

Tottenham High Cross to Edmonton (2| — 8i) ; level road 
through Tottenham, 6f , and Upper Edmonton, 7|- ; the macadam continues 
very bad, rough, and greasy ; it is almost one continuous street all the way. 

At Edmonton is the Bell Inn, immortalised by Co^\per in his ballad of 
John Gilpin. 

Edmonton to Waltham Cross (4| — 121); level road, still macadam, 
through Bonder's End, 9f , to Enfield Highway, lOf , when it changes to a 
capital bicycling road through Enfield Wash, 11^. At Waltham (3ross on 
r. to Waltham Ahhey, 1^, level, but rough macadam road. 

{Waltham Cross : Falcon; Old Four Swans. — Waltham Abbey : Cock Inn j 
New Inn.) 

At Waltham Abbey Harold was buried ; from the remains of the abbey, the 
present fine old ch. is formed : in the neighbourhood, on the banks of the R. Lea, 
are several Government powder mills. Waltham Cross takes its name from the 
cross erected here by Edward I. in honour of Queen Eleanor. 

Waltham Cross to Hoddesdon (6| — 18|) ; it is level through 
Brook Street, 13i, Turner's Hill, 13|, Cheskunt or Cheshunt Street, 14^, 
Cheshunt Wash, 15:^, and Wormley, 16, to the 15th ms. just beyond here, 
then it is undulating through Broxbourne, 17: very good road. 

(C'heshunt : Roman Urn ; Ship. — Broxbourne : Crown. — Hoddesdon : Bull Innj 
Kye House.) 

At Cheshunt, the Manor So., the residence of Cardinal Wolsey. At 
Hoddesdon, a little on r., the remains of Rye Ho., famous for the Rye House Plot. 

Hoddesdon to Ware (4 — 22:^); through Amwell, 20|, is a good 
road ; a mile before Ware is a moderate rise, with corresponding descent; 
in dry weather it is rather sandy and loose. 

(Ware : Saracen's Head.) 



223 

Beyond Hoddesdon, on I., Haileybury College. At Ware, St. Mary's ch. 
contains many curious monuments; in the cbuichyard is the tomb of Dr. Mead, 
who, it is alleged, died 148 years old, in 1652. At "Saracen's Head" is the 
"great bed of Ware." On I. of town the Priory. 

"Ware to Puckeridge (5^ — 27f ) ; in Ware keep to r., and there is 
a long gentle rise out of the town, and easy going with sharp descent to 
Wade's Mill, 24, followed by a very steep hill to mount with a turn in it, 
then easy undulating road through High Cross, 24f, and Collier's End, 
26, and a descent into Puckeridge. 

At High Ci'oss, 2m. on I., Sacomb Park, and near it the remains of Rowmey 
Abbey. 

Puckeridge to Buntingford (4| — 32^) ; keep to I., and it is a good 
slightly undulating road. 

(Buntingford : George.) 

Beyond Pucksridge, on I., Hamells and Knights Hill Parks ; at Buntingford, 
on I., Aspenden Hall. 

Buntingford to Royston (6|— 38f ) ; good undulating road through 
Chipping, 34, and Buckland, 35, after which there are tw^o stiff hills to 
mount followed by a considerable fall into Royston, but nothing very 
diflScult : in Royston the High street is all downhill. 

(Royston: Bull; Crown.) 

At Royston, the ch. formerly belonged to a priory, and contains some old 
monuments. Here cross the Roman Iknield Street. 

Royston to Arrington Bridge (5| — 44^); keep straight on through 
Royston, soon after leaving which there is a long incline, and the road is 
very loose, and in dry weather dusty as far as Knees worth, 41^, and thence, 
though in places rather narrow, it is fairly good and level. From Royston 
the road runs in a straight line to Codmanchester, being the Roman Ermine 
Street : this route is not so good as the Great North Road. 

Near North End Green, Im. on L, beyond Kneesworth, is an ancient 
entrenchment. On r., Kneesworth Ho. 

Arrington Bridge to Caxton (6^—50^) ; level to Arrington, 45^, 
where there is a very severe hill to mount, and then the road is very hilly, 
and in many places loose and stony past the Golden Lion, AS. 

(Caxton: George.) 

At Arrington, on r., Wimpole Hall and Park, the residence of Lord Hardwick ; 
a fine avenue, 3m. long, runs from l^m. before Arrington Bridge, past the Octagon 
Pond to the Hall. Im. beyond Golden Lion, on r., Bourne Ho. (Earl De la Warr). 
At Caxton, on I., some ruins called the Moats. 

Caxton to Huntingdon (9|— 60); the road still continues hilly, and 
some of the ascents are very stiff, notably one about a mile beyond 
Papworth St. Everard, 63| ; the surface improves shghtly, in many places 
is very fair, and after G(5dmanchester, 69, is splendid going to Huntingdon 
Bridge [B. Ouse), where the pavement begins through the town, and is 
extremely rough, 

(Huntingdon: Crown; Fountain, B.T.C. ; George.) 

Godmanohester is supposed to have been the Roman town of DuroKpons. At 
Huntingdon are traces of a castle built by the Saxons ; before the Reformation 
there were 15 churches here, of which only 2 are left. Oliver Cromwell was a 
native of the town. Im. on I., Hinchinbrook Ho., formerly the jjroperty of the 
Cromwell family. 

Huntingdon to Alconbury Hill (5|— €5i) is splendid going, 



tKougli hilly; thetb afe severe double hills at botli Great Stukeley, 62|^, 
and Little Stukeley, 63, that going into the latter being very sharp and 
requiring caution. 

Beyond Great Stukeley, on r., Stukeley Hall. 

Alconbury Hill to Edinburgh (327^— 392f ) ; by Korman Cross, 
73i, Wansford, 81, Stamford, 86f , Grantham, 107i Newark, 121|, Tuxford, 
135, Bawtry, 150|, Doncaster, 1591, Wetherby, 191^, Boroughbridge, 203 1, 
Catterick Bridge, 226|, Durham, 256f, ]N'ewcastle-upon-Tyne, 271^, Morpeth, 
286, Alnwick, 305^, and Berwick-upon-Tweed, 334|— pp. 195-201. 

LONDON TO HUNTINGDON (by St. Neots). 

London to Tempsford (51^) — p. 194. 

Tempsford to St. Neots (4f — 56) ; km. beyond Tempsford keep to 
r., and it is a fair road through Little Barford, 53f . [Or follow the Great 
North Road to Eaton Socon, 55i- (p. 194), and a little beyond turning to r. 
through Eaton Ford, 56, and across R. Ouse to St. Neots, 56^, but the road 
is rather heavy, and there is a very narrow and steep bridge over the U. 
Ouse into St. Neots.] 

(St. Neots : Angei ; Cross Keys ; New Inn, B.T.C.) 

Beautiful ch, at St. Neots ; also remains of an ancient priory. Just before the 
town, on L, are traces of an ancient encampment. 

St. Neots to Huntingdon (8| — 64^) ; splendid road through Great 
Paxton, 59, Offord D'Arcy, 60^, Offord Cluny, 60|-, and Godmanchester, 
63j. [Or follow the Great North Road to Buckden, 61^, and \m. farther 
keeping to r. through Brampton, 63f , again turning to r. for Huntingdon, 
65^, a good easy road.] 

LONDON TO HUNTINGDON (by Potton). 

London to Biggleswade (45^) — p. 194. 

Biggleswade to Potton (2| — 48) ; the Potton road strikes off to r. 
•fm. before Biggleswade, and the distances are strictly 44^-1-31—48. 

Potton to Eltisley (8^—561); through Gamlingay, 60|, and 
Waresley, 52|. 

Before Potton, on r., Sutton Park. On I., "Waresley Park. At Eltisley, on l^ 
Croxton Park and the Abbey. 

Eltisley to Huntingdon (SI — 64|); leaving Eltisley keep to Z.,and 
at Kisby's Hut, 59 j, join the road from Caxton. 

LONDON TO HERTFORD AND HITCHIN. 

London to Hoddesdon (18^)— p. 222. 

Hoddesdon to Hertford (4— 22|) ; in Hoddesdon turn sharp to ?., 
and over Hertford Heath, 20^, and past Ball Park is very hiUy and nob 
such a good road. [Or to Amwell, 20^ (p. 222), and about l^n. further on 
turn to I. just before entering Ware ; there is a rather stifi hill to mount, 
then it is fairly level, but sandy, to Hertford, 24|-.] 

{Hertford: Dimsdale Arms, S.T.C j Dunstable Arms ; Sahsbury Arms.) 



225 

ccntdj.'^''^^°''^ ^'^ ''^"'"'''^ °^ ^ '''''^^^' ^^^"^^^'^ ^" ^^^ beginning of the lOtb 

.T, •^?^*,^°^^.*° Watton (5i-27i); leaving Hertford keep to r and 
through Waterford 24i and Stapleford, 25f ; almost level ^ ' ^^^ 

TFai?^'27Af^''' ^^^ ^P- ^^'2^' ^^^^ by left hand road by Tunwell to 

Before Watton, on r., Woodhall Park. 
i^.W^M^^'i^? ^^^l^S^Se (6f~34i); out of W.tton keep to Z., and it 

h.r.^^^^'^^'^^S^J'' Hitehin (4^-38i); through Stevenage take the left 
hand road, and through Little Wymondley, 36^? ° 

LONDON TO HODDESDON (by Eniield). 

London, General Post Office, to Newino-tnn r>^onr, ^^n i 

pavement for im. along Aldersgate sti'ee" theTg^a^n te^S-in^itl' t" n 
way along Goswell road, past the "An<rel" fslino-tm 1 1 „il w 
.treet, and to r along E,nl road, whereihe pa^n| . 'o, ^gi'^es =vay fo 
Gieon7oad"' "• '^"■'"™'"g ««™^^ «'• rauI's^oadT 2t, int? fewTnlton 

Newington Green to Wood Green (o^^k:^\ . i^^^^ at • . 

l^°rk°tdmIcad!;:':Uthrwiy.*^" ''"•""° ""^ ^^^' ^''^^ of^Finsbury 
At Wood Green, on I , is the Alexandra Palace 

anothTr°°™'iIe'^S ft° oifan^el 1o '^^"f ' 'nd^l "^t '' f ', ™^^!^ ^- 
Green, H, with a stiff rise up Bash Pl} "and'a go7d fun 30^"^^^!" 
other side ; macadam and rather rough through Enfield 

iTv'Sf Wood Green on !., Bromfield Ho. and Cullands Grove, 
to thtGl^afN^rThtiad.''^ '""■'"' ""'"^^'^ Wn as Enfield CI>ase, extending 

Enfield to Oheshunt (41— 15i): bv Fnrfv TTin io T.f„-i -n ••, 
12i and alongside Theobald's Park,* bearing ro^u^d to !■' fnffh^w"''' 
road at Brook Street, Hf, is a lery fai? road ''^thni hills of anv 
consequence. ^^^ "^ ^^7 

Oheshunt to Hoddesdon (4— 19i)~p. 222. 

LONDON TO SPALDING (by St. Ives). 

London to Caxton (50^)— p. 223 

throu^grCo°th1k&l!fe^t^kifh^s^Z^rfr^'t '^'^tl ''"'^ 
HiltoS, 57, LUow Hill, 58i, (cm.l^i heve^he^cdhri^J^ ° »••), through 
don road), and just before St. Ivea crossSg i Ouse ^ """^ Hunting, 

{St. Ivm: Golden Lion, B.T.C.; Unicom; White Horse.) 
On r., Papworth Hall. At St. Ives are Blight remains of a prioi7. 

4 



226 ^ 

St. Ives to Ramsey (8|— 69i) ; good and almost level road to Old 
Hurst, 64i and Warboys, 66^ beyond which is the steep descent of Shilow 
Hill, generally very loose, and another hill to descend at Bury, b«i, which 
is rather steep at the top, but with good surface. ^ , ^-u i 

rOr to Huntingdon, 60, as at p. 223 ; thence turning to r. and through 
Hartford, 61i, and Hartford Tp., 65, to Hurst, 65^. Or from Huntingdon 
through Bipton Regis to Bamsey, 69 1.] 

{Ramsey : Crown, B.T.C. ; George.) 

At Eamsey are remains of the abbey. 

Ramsey to Whittlesea (8|— 78) ; by Black Swan, 73^, and Ponda 
Bridge, 75. 

Whittlesea to Thorney (4^82|). 

Thorney to Crowland (5 — 87|.) 

Crowland to Spalding (9|— 97)— p. 221. 

LONDON TO HUNSTANTON. 

London to St. Ives (60^)— p. 225. 

St. Ives to Chatteris (121—73^); in St. Ives turn to r. when over 
the bridge, then the road bears round to l, and |m. outside the town take 
the left hand fork ; it is a good undulating road thi'ough Somersham, bbi. 

(Chatteris: George; Horse and Gate.) . . , a 

Somersham ch. is a noble edifice, containing some ancient brasses and 

monuments. z-i . > 

Chatteris to March (8— 8H) ; good undulating road over Carter a 
Bridge, 75, and through Doddmgton, 77i, and Wimblmgton, 78^. 

M^vctis a'^'long straggling town, situate on both sides of the Old Nen B. 
Before entering the town, on L, is an ancient entrenchment. 

March to Wisbeach (10^—91^) ; in March, over the bridge, turn to 
L, and it is a good level road by Twenty Foot Bridge 84f, and Guyhirne 
Ferry, 85f, whence it runs alongside New Nen B. to Wisbeach. 

(Wisheach : Eose and Crown ; Koyal ; White Hart ; White Lion.) 

At Wisbeach, St. Mary's ch. is a beautiful and curious building. 

Wisbeach to Lynn (12f—104i); after crossing canal or Old-^enE, 
turn to r., and then through Walsoken 92f , Walton Highway, 9^1, Walpole 
Highway, 96f , St. John's Highway, 97f , by the Eose and Crown, 98^ (keep 
to i), and through Tilney-cum-Islington, lOOi is a capital smooth le^ el 

road ; iust before Lynn cross B. Ouse. -xt p n 

(Lynn: Crown, iJ.T.C. ; Globe; Golden Lion ; Maid's Head Inn ; Norfolk- 

street (Fiddaman's); Railway.) , , 

Lynn, or King's Lynu, is a considerable seaport town; St. Margarets ch., 

erected in 1160, is a large handsome building. 

Lynn to Castle Rising (4^-108f) ; after leavmg Lynn cross the 

railway, and at Gaywood, 1051, turn to I., and again at South Woott^on, 

106i whence there is a succession of hills to Castle Rising ; extremely good 

^"^^ At Castle Eising are the ruins of a castle, erected about 1176, by William dd 
Albini. Isabella, Queen of Edward II., was confined here for 38 years, ihe cfu, 
ontains an ancient ornamental font, &c. 



Castle Rising to Hunstanton, Cli. (llf — 120|) ; there are some 
vevj long ascents to work up for some distance out of Castle Rising, then 
the road sometimes gets rery loose and heavy, and full of ruts, about 
Sandringham, 112 (which with the Hall is passed a little on r.), and through 
Dersingham, 113; after that it is good all the way through Ingoldisthorpe, 
114|, Snettisham, 115^, and Heacham, 117^, after which it runs along the 
top of the cliffs, from which there is a stiffish descent to Hunstanton. Fine 
scenery. 

(Hunstanton : Golden Lion, B.T.C.) 

At Sandringham, the gardens, grounds, and dog kennels can be seen on 
obtaining an order from the agent of the Prince of Wales. On r., Hunstanton 
Hall ; Hunstanton affords good sea-bathing, 

LONDON TO HUNSTANTON (by Cambridge). 

London to Royston (38|)— p. 223. 

Royston to Cambridge (13 — 51f ) ; in Eoyston turn to the right 
and shortly after to the left, and up a slight rise followed by a descent, 
and the rest is level, and all a splendid smooth road through Melbourne, 
42, Harlston, 46 J, Hauston, 47^, and Trumpington, 49f ; macadam entering 
Cambridge, and cobble paving in the middle of the town. 

This is the best road to Cambridge the only difficult hill being that at 
Wade's Mill. 

(Cambridge : Bird Bolt ; Castle, B.T.C. ; Hoop ; Eed Lion ; University Arms ; 
Webb's Eestaurant.) 

Cambridge, the sister University to Oxford, contains 18 colleges and halls. 
It is a somewhat irregularly built town, and has not the positiim or the architec 
tural beauties of Oxford; yet there are some handsome buildings, notably, King's 
College Chapel ; besides the colleges there are the Senate House, Library, Fitz- 
william Museum, Press, Observatory, Botanic Gardens, St. Sepulchre's ch., &c., 
&c. N. of the town, across the R. Cam, are the remains of the castle, an(i 
further N. is an ancient entrenchment called Arbury. The scenery is very pretty 
at the back of the colleges, along the B. Cam. 

Cambridge to Stretham (llf — 63|); turn to I. in the middle of 
Cambridge, and after crossing B. Cam turn to r. ; it is a good and almost 
level road through Milton, 55, Waterbeach, 56f , over Stretham Bridge, 62, 
and across Stretham Common. 

About 3m. beyond Waterbeach, on r., Denny Abbey. 

Stretham to Ely (4^ — 67f ) is a good but rather hilly road, having the 
valley of the Old Ouse B. on r. Returning, a little out of Ely keep to I. 

(Ely : Bell, B.T.C. ; Lamb ,- White Hart.) 

At Ely, the cathedral, erected at the end of the 11th century, and formerly 
belonging to the old monastery. 

Ely to Littleport (5 — 72f); keep to Z. out of Ely, and except a 
descent to Chetisham Tp., 69f , it is fairly level, but an indifferent road 
past Woodhouse station, 70|, and over Littleport Fields. 

Littleport to Downham Market (12^— 85i) ; good level road over 
Littleport Bridge, 73f, and alongside B. Ouse to Brandon Creek Bridge, 
76|- (cross B. Ouse), and by Southery Ferry, 78, to Southery, 78f , whence 
it is rather hilly over Modney Bridge, 80|^, through Hilgay, 81|, Fordham, 
82|- wid Denver, 84, with a nill to mount into Downham Market. 



228 



(DorcwTiam Ifar^ei ; Castle ; Chequers ; Crown.) ^, , , -^^ r.? a 

At Fordham, 3m. on r., Dereham Abbey. At Downham Market, remains ot a 

Benedictine Priory. At Denver, on r., Riston Hall. 

Downham Market to Lynn (lli-96i); through Wimbotsham, 

861, Stow Bardolph, 87f , South Runcton, 89i Tottenhill 91, Setchy, 92if. 

West Winch, 94, and Hardwick, 95i, is a good but hilly road, along a 

succession of avenues of trees. , , , - ,■, w n- <- ^ ttoU ar.ii 

On r., pass Stow Hall, at Stow Bardolph; Im. further, Wallmgton Hall and 
ruins of the ch. on I. : Runcton ch. is in ruins. 

Lynn to Hunstanton (16— 112|)— pp. 226-7. 

LONDON TO CAMBRIDGE (by Barkway). 

London to Puckeridge (27f )— p. 223. 
Puckeridge to Barkway (8— 35f ) ; splendid road, slightly on the 
rkp through Braushing, 28i, and Hare Street, 31f . 

At BraughTng, a%out 2m. on r., Albury Hall. Beyond Hare Street, Im. o. 

I., Widdiall Hall. 

Barkway to Tun Bulls House (5|-4U) ; very hilly road through 

^^ At Tan Bull's Ho., cross the Royston and Newmarket road. 

Tun Bulls House to Hauxton (6,f-4.8); chiefly downhill through 
Foulmire, 43i, to Newton, 46, then a short hill to rise and downhill again 
to Hauxton, where join the main road from Royston. 

Hauxton to Cambridge (4f-52i)— p. 227. 

LONDON TO WELLS. 

London to Lynn (96|)— above. 

Lvnn to Hillington (7^—104); after leaving Lynn cross the 
railwarand at (Jaywood, 971, turn to Z., at South Wootton, 98|, keep to r.. 

"^' jlSdS'L o'd'ge^^^^^ .., Boydon Hall. At Hillington, on ., Hillington 
Hall ; before, on L, Cougham Hall. 

Hillington to Docking (8i-112i); just beyond Hillington turn 
to Z. and through Flitcham, 105, Great Bircham, 109f, and Bircham 

^"""lor from Lynn to Heacham, 13-109* (pp. 226-7), then turn to r. 
and through Sed£?eford, 111*, to DocA;m.7, 114|.] -i „„« 

On .?f litchal Abbe^ ; in'the distance Houghton Hall, formerly the residence 
of Sir Robert Walpote, who is interred m the ch. 

Docking to Burnham Westgate (51—118); in Docking turn to 
r and directly afterwards take the left hand road. 

It Burnham Westgate, on r., Burnham Thorpe, the birthplace of Nelson. 

Burnham Westgate to WeUs (5i-123f ) ; through Burnham 
OveryriT8f ^ Holkham New Inn, 120i, and Holkham Staith, 122^, part 
o£ the 'way skirting Holkham Park. 

(Wells : Crown ; Globe; Railway ; Ship Inn; Sun.) 

Ou I., pass a Danish encampment at Holkham Park. 



i 



229 

LONDON TO WELLS (by South Creake). 

London to Hillington (104)— p. 228. 

Hillington to East Rudham, Crown {71 — lUi); just beyond 
Hillington keep to right, cross Pedlar's Way, 107^, and through Harpley, 
lOSi, and West Eudham, llOi- Eeturning, out of East Rudham keep to 
r„ and at West Eudham to I. 

Beyond Ilillington, on r., Belmont. At Harpley, Iw. on /., Houghton Hall ; 
on r., Rudham Grange. 

East Rudham to South. Creake (5f — 117); leaving East Eudham 
turn to I., and about halfway pass Syerstone on I., beyond which at Banner 
are some ruins. 

South Creake to Wells [61 — 123|) ; turning to I. in South Creake, 
at the " Swan," hn. beyond, turn sharp on r., and ^m. again turn to I., and 
past Holkham Park Gate, 120|, and alongside the Park to Wells. 

The road straight forward at the "Swan" leads through North Creake, 
118, to Biirnham Westgate, 121^. 

At North Creake, on r., Creake Abbey. 

LONDON TO CAMBRIDGE (by Harlow). 

(The milestones on the following routes are measured from Whitechapel 

Church.) 

London, Royal Exchange to Stratford (4) ; asphalte paving 
along CornhiU, Leadenhall street, and Aldgate to Whitechapel ch., \, then 
granite paving with tramway along Whitechapel road, through Mile End, 
1 1, and Bow, 3, and consequently bad for bicycling ; very heavy traffic as 
far as Mile End, beyond which the road is on a gentle rise for some distance. 

Stratford to Leytonstone (2 — 6), is macadam and a little better 
road, the second mile being very fair ; at the Broadway in Stratford take 
the left hand road : the tramway continues. 

Leytonstone to Woodford Wells (3| — 9j) ; just beyond Leyton- 
stone keep to I., and the road is now considerably better, but on a continuous 
rise through Snaresbrook, 7i, to Woodford, 8|, after which it is a good 
gravel road through Woodford Green, 9. 

(Slnareshrooh : Eagle. — Woodford: Castle; George.) 

[There is a better road out of London, to avoid the bad road to Stratford : 
either from Mile End along the Cambridge Heath road. Mare street, 
Hackney, to Lower Clapton, 3 (partly paved and partly macadam, with 
tramway) ; or starting from the " Angel," Islington, to Stoke Newington 
Green, If, as at p. 225, and then from the IS^.E. corner along Matthias road, 
Barrett road, Wellington street, Shacklewell road and Downs road, and 
by the north side of Hackney Downs to Lower Clapton, 3^ : then turn to 
1*., along the Lea Bridge road — all macadam — to Whips Cross, 2^m., and 
forward to the " Castle " at Woodford Green, 2m. more ; or striking off to 
right at Whips Cross to Snaresbrook, f .] 

Woodford Wells to Epping (71 — 17^) ; a short distance beyond 
Woodford Wells keep to the r. of the two roads, up a rise to Buckhurst 
Hill, followed by a long descent of that name, steep at first and 
generally rough, down the other side, and then level through Loughtoi;, 12, 



230 

beyond which is a moderate ascent (Church Hill) and further on a very 
stiff one (Golding's or Golders Hill) ; though more hilly and the longer 
road, this is in better condition ; but after Golding's Hill it runs through 
Epping Forest for about 3m. (the first w. like a racing path), past Wake 
Arms, 14|, the surface beyond here being sometimes very loose. [Or beyond 
"Woodford Wells take the left hand road, which traverses the whole length 
of Epping Forest, rejoining the former road at Wake Arms, 14|-, and is nearly 
always in bad repair, being very loose and rutty, and in wet weather heavy 
going ; no steep, though two long hills by latter route.] 

(Loughton : Crown. — Epping : Bell ; Thatched House.) 

Im. beyond Wake Arms, a little on I., Copped Hall ; on r., Ambresbury 
Banks, an old Roman encampment. Epping Forest is now public property, and 
has been secin'ed against encroachment by the City of London Corporation. 

Epping to Harlow (6| — 23|) ; just through Epping keep to I., and 
there is a long descent, after which the road is undulating, but no difficult 
hills to mount, and the surface becomes rough and loose for a couple of 
miles, but improves greatly nearing Potter's Street, 21\, through which is 
a capital run down, and the road is then good through Bromley, 23^. 

(Harlow : George ; Green Man ; Great Eastern Railway.) 

At Harlow, on I., Mark Hall. 

Harlow to Hockerill (6| — 30 1) ; rather long descent out of Harlow 
to the bridge over R. Stort, followed by one or two moderate hills through 
Sawbridgeworth, 26, and Spelbrook, 28 ; mostly good and smooth surface, 
but in dry weather apt to be loose, ^m. before Hockerill on I. to Bishop 
Stortford, (f — 30|-), rejoining the above road Im. beyond Hockerill, but this 
is longer by half-a-mile ; or in Bishop Stortford from the High street turn 
to r. down a steep descent to the river, and up over the railway bridge to 
Hockerill. 

(Bishop Stortford : Chequers; George, B.T.C.) 

Beyond R. Stort, on r., Pishiobury Park. At Spelbrook, on r., Walbury 
Hall. At Bishop Stortford, are ruins of the castle ; ancient ch. About 2m. on r., 
on road to Dunmow, Thromhill Priory. 

Hockerill to Newport (8^ — 39) ; the road is very undulating with 
a very good surface through Stanstead, 33:^, Ugley, 35|, and Quendon, 36|. 

(Neiuport : Coach and Horses.) 

At Stanstead, Im. on r., Stanstead Mountfitchet, which has an old ch., and 
the remains of a castle, erected in the time of William I. Beyond Quendon, on /., 
Quendon Hall. At Newport, Im. on r., Debden Hall ; fine ch. at Newport. 

Newport to Great Chesterford (6i — 45^); through Littlebury, 
42f , and Little Chesterford, 4i<j, the road is undulatiner, but mostly downhill. 
and with a good smooth surface. 

Beyond Newpoi't, on r., Shortgrove Hall; 37n. beyond Newport, on r. Audley 
Park, the splendid seat of Lord Braybrooke, erected about 1610, on the site of an 
ancient abbey ; in the park is an ancient cii'cular entrenchment, with a Druidicrd 
temple. 2 or 3m. on r., is the town of Saffron Walden, with beautiful ch. Great 
Chesterford is the site of a Roman station. 

Great Chesterford to Sawston (4| — 50) ; tmming to I. at Stumps 
Cross, 46, and through Hinxton, 46f , it is a first-rate road on the whole, 
with no hills, but sometimes is very loose in places. 

At Stumps Cross, the Roman Icknield way crosses the road ; on I., at the 
village of Ickleton, many lloman remains and antiquities have been found, 
ej'ond Hinxton, on r., Whittlesford Hall. On r., Savvpton Hall. 



231 

Sawston to Cambridge (6| — 56|); first-rate road with no hills 
through Stapleford, 51^, Great Shalford, 62^ (keep to r.), and Trumpington, 
54^, where join the London road through Royston. 

At Stapleford, on r., the Gog Magog Hills, on which is a triple circular 
entrenchment, supposed to be of British origin, with several tumuli. 

LONDON TO CEOMER. 

London to Great Chesterford (4o|^) — p. 230. 

Great Chesterford to Bourn Bridge (4^ — 4-9f ) ; at Stumps Cross, 
46, keep to r., and it is almost a straight line, following the Eoman Ickneild 
Way ; very good road with a long rise a little after Stumps Cross, and a 
sharp descent to Bourn Bridge. 

About l^m. before Bourn Bridge,, on the crest of the hill looking N.E., a 
line of ancient ditch or entrenchment, about 3}n. in length, crosses the road. At 
Bourn Bridge, our., Abington Hall; on I., Babraham Hall. 

Bourn Bridge to Newmarket (11| — 61i) ; by Worsted Lodge, 
61, Green Man, 64f , and Devil's Ditch, 69, a very good road with some 
long ascents and descents, but the last 2 or Zm., across Newmarket Heath, 
are very loose and bad in dry weather, the material not binding well. 
The country is very lonely and the scenery uninteresting, 

(Newmar'ket : Rutland Arms ; White Hart.) 

At Worsted Lodge, cross a Eoman road ; on I., are the Gog Magog Hills. At 
the 51st nis.f ^m. beyond Worsted Lodge, a little on I., Ely Cathedral is seen, 18m. 
distant; Im. further cross Fleam Dyke or Balsham Ditch, an ancient entrenchment, 
several miles in extent. Just before 56th ms., on I., looking backwards, you have 
a view of Cambridge, 9m. distant. Devil's Ditch is aline of Roman entrenchment. 
Newmarket derives its celebrity from being the headquarters of horse-racing. 

Newmarket to Barton Mills (8| — 69|-); a mile beyond Newmarket 
keep to I. and over Snailwell Heath and Kennet Heath to Red Lodge, 66^, 
where is a moderate ascent ; extremely bad road, being very loose and 
stony, except soon after heavy rain when it hardens somewhat : stiff and 
rough descent to Barton Mills. 

At Kennet Heath, Im. on I., Chippenham Park. Beyond Red Lodge, on r., 
Herringswell Ho. 

Barton Mills to Thetford (10| — 80|) ; leaving Barton Mills keep 
to r., and it is a monotonous and undulating road, over Icklingham Heath 
to Elvedon, 76f , and then over Thetford Heath ; extremely bad road, for 
miles being little better than a track across the heath, with very loose 
surface, in some parts covered with sand and flints, which makes the slight 
hills difficult. Thetford lies in a valley. 

(Thetford : Anchor ; Angel ; Bell.) 

On r., Elvedon Hall. Thetford was the capital of East Anglia during the 
Heptarchy, and has been the residence of several kings of England ; it possesses 
the remains or site of a castle, remains of a Cluniac priory, nunnery, and other 
religious houses ; there were fonnerly 20 churches here. 

Thetford to Larlingford (8| — 88|j ; moderate hill to mount out 
of Thetford, and then it is an undulating road over Thetford Warren and 
Larling Heath ; for the greater part rather stony and nearly as bad as tho 
orevious stage — a mere wheel and hoof track often filled m with flints — 



232 

for 6m., when there is a level railway crossing, after which the surface 
improves a little ; it is only decent going after rain and warm sunshine. 

Larlingford to Attleborough (5f— 94|) ; over Fettle Bridge, 92^, 
the road is somewhat of a similar character to the previous stage, but 
gradually improves towards Attleborough ; no hills worth speaking of. 

(Attleborough: New Iiin.) 

Before Fettle Bridge, on r., Hargkam Hall. At Attleborough, 2m. on r., 
Buckenham Abbey. 

Attleborough to Wymondham (6 — lOOJ); over Morley Common 
is a splendid road, with no hills to speak of ; about 4 or 5m. an hour quicker 
than the last ^bm. 

{WymnndhaTii ; King's Head, B.T.C. ; Queen's Head j White Hart.) 

"Wymondliani to Norwich (8| — 109); there is a little uphill 
through and out of the former, and it is a splendid smooth road through 
Hethersett, 104, Thickthorn, 105, with a steep descent through Cringleford, 
106 1; and after crossing the bridge over the B. Tare, a rather steep ascent 
out of Eaton, 107, and another in the last mile : Norwich is paved mostly 
with cobblestones. 

{Norwich: Bull Inn; Castle; Grapes, Hqrs.} Maid's Head; Norfolk; 
Rampant Horse, B.r.C; Royal.) 

At Norwich, the most interesting buildings are the cathedral and remains of 
the castle, both founded towards the end of the 11th century ; there are also the 
Bishop's Palace, St. Peter's ch,, St. Julian's ch., St. Andrew's Hall (formerly 
the nave of a ch. belonging to the Black Friars), Shire Hall, Erpingham'a Gate, 
Theatres, Library, Museum, &c. 

Norwich to Aylsham (Hi — 120^) ; through Horsham St. Faith, 
112^, Newton St. Faith, llSf, Hevingham, 117^,andMarsham, 118^; about 
2m. out of Norwich keep to r. : very good surface with no diflB.culfc hills. 

{Aylsham : Blackboys.) 

Aylsham ch. has some beaufcifal memorials. 

Aylsham to Cromer (lOi— 130|); by IngworthMill, 122, Hanworth 
Green, 125|, Powder Hill, 127, and Eouton Windmill, 129; very good 
surface with no difficult hills. 

[There is another road from Norwich by Catton Lodge, 111, Spisworth, 
113, Maiden Bridge, 115, {\m. before that keep to r.) Skeyton, 119|, 
Felmingham, 122, Antingham, 124, and Thorpe Market, 126|, to Cromer, 130 1. 

Or ^m. before Maiden Bridge turn to I., and through Buxton, 11 7£, to 
Aylsham, 121, thence to Cromer, 131^ — above.] 

{Cromer : Hotel de Paris; Tucker's.) 

On L, Spixworth Hall. Beyond Aylsham, on /., BHckling Park. On ^, 
Hanworth Hall. 2m. before Cromer, a little on L, Felbrigg Hall. At Antingham, 
on I., Gunton Hall (Lord Suf&eld). Cromer is a newly opened up watering place, 
and from its position has a salubrious and invigorating air ; there is some pretty 
Bcenery in the neighbourhood. 

LONDON TO LYNN (by Newmarket). 

London to Barton Mills (69|)— p. 231. 

Barton Mills to Brandon (9— 78f) ; out of Barton Mills tako the 
left of the two middle roads, and by Hobb's Cross, 72|, over I^kenheatb^ 
and tlirough Wangford, 75f , and past Bn^ndou Park. 

{^Brandon ,- Qhec^uers.) 



233 

Before Brandon, on r., Brandon Park j through the town, on r., remains 
of priory. 

Brandon to Stoke Ferry (10— 88f ) ; after crossing B. Ouse or 
Brandon keep to I. and through Weeting All Saints, 80, is all more or less 
uphill across Weeting Field or Heath to Feltwell Lodge, 82f, and then 
doAvnhill and up across Methwold Warren and through Methwold, 84f , and 
AV^hittington, 88, to which is a long descent. 

[Or turn to I. Im. before Barton Mills, and through Mildenhall, 69|-, 
Lakenheath, Hockwold-cum- Wilton, Feltwell St. Mary, to Methwold; about 
2m. shorter : or turn sharp to l. after crossing B. Larke at Barton Mills.] 

Past Weeting, on r., Weeting Hall; on I., old castle and ruins of ch. On i., 
Feltwell Lodge. 

Stoke Ferry to Lynn (14 — 102f ) ; ascent out of Stoke Ferry and 
hilly through Wereham, 90|, Stradset, 93f, and Shouldham Thorpe, 95|. 
to Fodderstone Gap, 95f, whence nearly all downhill to Setchy, 99, West 
Winch, lOOi, and Hardwick, 101^ 

At Wereham, 2m. on i., Dereham Abbey j on r., Stradset Hall, 

LONDON TO WELLS (by Swaffham). 

London to Brandon (78f)— p. 232. 

Brandon to Swalfham (14f — 93|) ; cross B. Ouse or Brandon and 
keep to r. out of the town, and If w. further to I. ; uphill more or less for 
nearly 3w., then a little level over Mundford Field and downhill into 
Mundfi-.'rd, 83^, whence another long rise over Ickborough Field, and a 
similar descent to Hilborough, 87f ; out of here is a short stiif hill to mount, 
half-way up which turn sharp on I. (this should be descended caraf ally), and 
past Eowley Comer, and over Swafiham Heath is rather hilly. 

(Swafham : Crown ; George.) 

Swaffham ch, contains some curious monuments and a fine carved roof. Past 
Mundford, on r., Lyndford Ho. 

Swaffham to Fakenham (15f — 109i) ; hilly to Newton, 97i, then 
easier over Lexham Heath, through Weasenham St. Peter, 102^, by Rain- 
ham Hall, 105i, and Toft Trees, 107^. [Or turn to r. 2m. beyond JSTewton 
and through West Lexham, 99^, East Lexham, 100?, Litcham, 102, Tittle- 
shall, 104, and Pattesley HHl, 106^, to Fakenham, 110^.] 

(Fakenliam : Crown, B.T.C.; Lion.) 

Before Newton, fin. on I., is the village of Castle Acre, where numerous 
antiquities are to be seen : British earthworks, a Roman camp, ruins of a castle 
(erected in the reign of William I. by Earl Warren on the site of a more ancient 
work), and ruins of Cluniac Priory; there have also been found here a tesselated 
pavement, and an Anglo-Saxon cemetery, where many burial urns have been dug 
up. About 2m. W., at West Acre, remains of abbey and ch. Rainham Hall 
(Marquis of Townshend), was erected in 1636, by Inigo Jones ; beyond it the ruins 
of Coxford Abbey. 

Fakenham to New Walsingham (4| — ^114), through East 
Barsham, 112:^, and Houghton-in-the-Dale, IIS^^. 

At New Walsingham, the remains of a monastery of Black Canons, founded 
in the reign of William the Conqueror. 

New Walsingham to Wells (5 — 119), through Wighton, 116, and 
by WarhamHaU,U7. 



234 

LONDON TO HOLT AND CLEY. 

London to Brandon (78|) — p. 232. 

Brandon to Watton (12| — 911) ; cross B. Ouse or Brandon, and 
keep to r. out of the town, and again to r. If ?)^. further on ; then by Lyndf ord 
Lodges, 82f , West Tofts Hall, 84, through Stanford, 85^ and by Clermont 
or Claremont Lodge, 88^ ; undulating road, very loose and sandy, especially 
in dry weather. 

(Wation : George.) 

Watton has a remarkable old ch. with round tower, supposed to have been 
built in the time of Henry I., near the old manor Ho. In the vicinity is Wayland 
Wood, where tradition says two infants were murdered by their uncle, which gave 
rise to the well-known ballad. On /., West Tofts Hall ; at Stanford, on L, 
Buckenham Ho. 

Watton to East Dereham (9| — 101) ; in Watton turn to I., and 
through Ovington, 92|, Shipdham, 96, Market Street, 96f , (at l|m. further 
on keep to Z.), and Lolly Moor, 99. 

(East Dereham : King's Arms ; King's Head.) 

In East Dereham ch. is the monument to the poet Cowper, who was buried 
here ; also a tombstone recording the bux-ial and subsequent removal of the 
remains of a Saxon princess. 

East Dereham to Guist Bridge (8 — 109) ; 2m. beyond East 
Dereham keep to I., and by King's Head, lOof, and through North 
Elmham, 106^. 

At North Elmham, on I., Elmham Hall. 

Guist Bridge to Holt (10^— 119i) ; past Melton Park, 114^, and 
through Thornage, 117. 

(Holt: Feather; White Lion.) 

Holt to Cley (41—123^). 

LONDON TO WATTON (by Thetford). 

London to Thetford (80^)— p. 231. 

Thetford to Watton (12— 92^) ; leaving Thetford, take the left of 
the two middle roads, and through Croxton, 82f , over Croxton Heath, by 
Frogs Hall, 85^, through Tottington, 88f , and by Merton Hall, 90^. 

LONDON TO CROMER (by East Dereham). 

London to East Dereham (101) — above. 

East Dereham to Reepham (10| — lllf) ; leaving East Dereham 
keep to r., and through Swanton Morley, 104|, and Bawdeswell, 107|-. 

{Reepham : Kind's Arms.) 

Reepham was formerly remarkable for having three churches in one churchyard, 

Reepham to Aylsham (7 — 118f); by Sail Hall, 113, and through 
Cawston, 114^, a mile beyond which cross the Norwich and Holt road. 

- Aylsham to Cromer (10^— 129i)~p. 232. 



235 

LONDON TO NORWICH (by Hingham). 

Iiondon to Watton (91i)— p, 234. 

Watton to Hingham (6| — 98); by Carbrook Common, 93^, Upgate, 
94^, and Sconlton Common Tp., 96f. 

Hingham to Barford Bridge (7| — 105^); through Hackford Tp., 
100|, and Kimberley G-reen, 101|, beyond which keep to r., and through 
Carlton Forehoe, 103|. 

At Kimberley Green, on r., Kimberley Hall. 

Barford Bridge to iWorwich (7 — 112|) ; from Barford Bridge 
there is a steep ascent to climb, followed by a steep hill to descend, and a 
capital run down into Colney, 109f ; then, after crossing the B. Tare, there 
is a steep hill to climb through Earlham, 110|, to ISTorwich. 

LONDON TO CROMER (by North Walsbam). 

London to Norwich (109)— p. 232. 

Norwich to North Walsham {14^\ — 123i) ; uphill to Sprowston, 
111;|, then undulating and very good through Crostwick, 113f, Horstead, 
115f, Coltishall, 116:^, and Scottow Common, 118^. 

(North Walsham : Black Lion Inn ; Black Swan Inn.) 

On L, Scottow Hall ; further on, on r., Westwick Hall, ajid beyond it the 
village of Worstead, whence the name of "worsted" is derived, as applied to 
woollen twists, which were first manufactured here by the Flemings, in the time 
of the Plantagenets ; here is a beautiful ch. 

North Walsham to Cromer (9 — 132|); very good undulating road 
through Antingham, 125f, and Thorpe Market, 128^. [There is anothei 
road through Swafield, Trunch, Southrepps, and iSTorthrepps to Cromer, 
132^. Or from Trunch through Gimingham, by the cliffs, through 
Trimingham, Sidestrand, and Overstrand to Cromer, 133: on the rise for 
about 3/n., then all more or less downhill to Cromer, ending with a long steep 
descent, the last ^m. of which must be walked: bad road, loose and 
stony.] 

Trimingham Point is the highest part here in Norfolk, and Norwich can be 
plainly seen. About 3m. N.E. of North Walsham is Bromholm Abbey. 

LONDON TO DUNMOW. 

London to Harlow (23|)— p. 230. 

Harlow to Hatfield Heath (4| — 28) ; turn to the right in Harlow 
and through Shearing Street, 26f . 

At Shearing Street, on r., Downs Hall. 

Hatfield Heath to Dunmow (10| — 38|) ; through Hatfield Broad 
Oak, 30i, and 3m. further turn to r., joining the road from Bishop 
Stortford, and go through Little Canfield, 36^. 

Beyond Hatfield Broad Oak, on I., Barriugton Hall. On I., Little Canfield 
Hall ; further on, Easton Hall. At Little Dunmow, 2in. S.E. of Dunmow, was 
formerly an Augustine Priory, the site being now partly occupied by the Manor 
Ho. I the tenure of Little Dunmow Manor is that of the well-known flitch of bacon. 



236 

LONDON TO DUNMOW (by Abridge). 

London to Leytonstone (6) — p. 229. 

Leytonstone to CMgwell (5 — 11) ; jusb beyond Leytonstone keep 
to r. and it is a good road, level to Woodford Bridge, 9^, then rather hilly, 
with a very steep hill up into Chigwell. 

[To avoid the bad road through Stratford, take the alternative route 
at p. 229, from Mile End or the "Angel," Islington, by Lea Bridge road to 
Whips Cross, 61 or 5f, and Snaresbrook, 6j or 6|, whence, having crossed 
the main Epping road, there is a short lane on the left of the '* Eagle " 
which goes over a level railway crossing and into the Chigweil road about 
1 |m. beyond Leytonstone.] 

(Chigweil : King's Head.) 

At Woodford Bridge, ou r., Claybury Hall ; beyond it, Haiuault Forest extends 
for some miles past Chigweil. 

CMgwell to Abridge (3 — 14) is a good road, rather hilly either way, 
but nothing difficult. 

{Abridge : Stag's Head j White Hart.) 

Abridge to Chipping Ongar (7^ — 21^) ; over Passingford Bridge, 
16 1, and through Hare Street, 19, is a good and very undulating road, all 
the hills being easy to mount. 

(Chipping Ongar : Crown; King's Head ; Lion.) 

At Passingford Bridge, on r., Albyns, and further on Suttons j 2m. further, 
Navestock Old Park. 

Chipping Ongar to Dunmow (14 — 35|) ; beyond Chipping Ongar, 
after crossing the Epping and Chelmsford road, take the right-hand of the 
fork roads, through Fyfield, 24^, {^m. beyond, keeping to I.) Leaden Boding, 
29i, (turn sharp to I.) and High Boding street, 32 ; bad road to Fyfield, 
then better, and nearer level, but still rather bumpy. 

(Leaden Boding : King William IV.) 

[Or there is a better route taking the left-hand road |m. beyond 
Chipping Ongar, and going through Moreton End, 24^, (turn sharp to I.) and 
Matching Green, 27^, a mile beyond which is a drop, then another one, 
dangerous, with corresponding descent after ; surface excellent all the way 
to Hatfield Heath, 30|. Thence to Dunmoio (10^ — 41), p. 235.] 

LONDON TO THETFORD (by Sudbury). 

London to Stratford (4)— p. 229. 

Stratford to Ilford (3| — 7i) ; at the Broadway in Stratford take 
the right hand road ; the paving continues for ^m., then rough macadam : 
very bad for bicycling. 

Ilford to Romford (5 — 12^) ; through Chadwell Street, 9^, and by 
the " Whalebone," 10^, is almost a dead level, the macadam continuing all 
the way, very bad and rough for first '3m., then a little better ; sometimes 
loose and dusty, and in wet weather very heavy. 

(Romford : White Hart, B.T.C.) 

The Whalebone belonged to a whale that is said to have been caught in the 
Thames the same year that O^'ver Crcmvrell died. At Ilford, Im. on r., near 
Barking, is an ancient Roman encampment. 

Bomford to Brentwood (6^ — 18|) ; beginning with an easy rise 
out of Eomford, the road is undulating through Hare Street, 13j, and Brook 



23t 

Sbredt, 17, beyond which there is a long and rather steep hill to motinfc; the 
surface having now changed to gravel it is generally pretty good, bub 
occasionally is rather loose and rough. 

(Brentwood : George and Dragon ; White Hart.) 

On r., Hare Hall. At Brook St., on L, Weald Hall. 

Brentwood to Chelmsford (11 — 29|); out of Brentwood good run 
down for Ihn.; through Shenfield, 19|, Mountnessing Street, 21^, Ingate- 
stone, 23^, Margaretting Street, 2b\, Stisted, 27, "Widford, 28, and Moulsham, 
28f , is a good road, with a few hills, but nothing difficult. 

(Ingatestone : George and Dragon. — Chelmsford : Bell j Plough j Saracen's 
Head, B.T.C., Hqrs.-, White Hart.) 

Beyond Ingatestone, on l.. Hide Hall. At Stisted, on Z., Haylands. 

Chelmsford to Little "Waltham Tg. (4^—331) ; in Chelmsford 
turn to I., and |m. further on, when at the end of the town, tui'n to r.; it is 
a good road, generally very smooth, tlirough Broomfield, 32. 

Little Waltham Tg. to Braintree (7| — 41); take the right hand 
fork and it is rather undulating through Blackwater St. Anne's, 36f , and 
Young's End, 38.j, with a rather steep descent into Bramtree; good road, 
generally very smooth. 

{Braintree: Horn; White Hart.) 

Braintree to Halstead (6 — 47) ; through Booking Street, 41|, and 
High Garret or Trotters Green, 43^ (keep to r.), is a smooth road, fairly 
level for the first 4w., then all downhill, rather steep towards the end. 

(Halstead: Bull; George, i?.r.C. ; Eailway; White.) 

Beyond High Garret, en I., Gosfield Place, and behind it Gosfield Hall, a 
fine old baronial mansion. 

Halstead to Sudbury (8 — 55) : through Palmer's Street, 50, Catley 
Cross, 51i, and Bulmer Tye, 52f , is a capital road, though rather hilly ; 
long descent mto Sudbury. 

[Or keep to I. at High Garret, and through Gosfield, 45^, Swan Street, 
47|-, to Sible Hedingham, 48|, out of which keep to r., and through Castle 
Hedingham, 49|-, past the Compasses, 51^, and through Bulmer Tye, 54^, 
to Sif'dhury, 56f .] 

(Sudhury : Anchor Inn ; Bear; Christopher; Four Swans ; Kose and Crown ; 
White Horse.) 

At Sudbury are some remains of an Augustine Priory. At Castle Hedingham 
is the castle. 

Sudbury to Bury St. Edmund's (16^ — 71^); leaving Sudbury 
turn to L, and through Redbridge, 57, Long Melford, 68j, Alpheaton, 62^, 
Bradfield, 66^, and Welnetham, 69, is a fairly good road ; there are two or 
three (not more) stiffish hills. 

(Long Melford : Black Lion. — Burij St. Edmund's : Angel; BeUj Everard'sj 
Suffolk, B.T.C.) 

Beyond Long Melford, on L, Kentwell Park ; on r., Melford Hall. On r., 
Bradfield Hall ; further on, on r., Rushbrook Hall. At Bury St. Edmund's, ruins 
of magnificent abbey, once the second in the kingdom. 

Bury St. Edmund's to Thetford (I2i— 83|); through Fomham 
St. Martin, 73|, Ingham, 76, by Eymer Point, 79f, through Barnham, 81|, 
and over Barnham Cross Common. 

At Pornham St. Martin, on r., the Priory. At Ingham, Im, on l., Culford 
Park ; fiirther on, on r., Livermere Park. 



238 

LONDON TO NORWICH (by Ixworth). 

London to Bury St. Edmund's (71^)— p. 237. 

Bury St. Edmund's to Ixworth (6^ — 78); in Bury St. Edmund's 
past the station, and through Barton, 74^, it is an easy undulating road, 
good going, though occasionally loose in places. 

At Ixworth, are ruins of the abbey j ^m. on r. of the town have been found 
Bome Roman remains. 

Ixworth to Botesdale (85 — 86^) ; through Stanton, 81, the road 
for the first 6m. is not so good, being sometimes loose and stony in places, 
and the rest is good ; undulating, with a stiff ascent into Botesdale. 

Botesdale to New Buckenham (11| — 97|) ; at the end ol 
Botesdale turn to the left, and through Redgrave, 88, Lopham Ford Gate, 
88f (cross B. Waveney), through South Lopham, 90|, North Lopham, 91^, 
and Kenninghall, 93|. 

At KenniDghall, on I., Quidenham Park ; beyond Botesdale, on r., Eedgrave 
Park. At New Buckenham, on I., remains of ancient castle ; 2m. on I., 
Buckenbam Abbey j the ch. contains some interesting monuments; also South 
Lopham ch. 

New Buckenham to Norwich (15| — 113) ; very fair undulating 
road through Bunwell, 101^, Tacolneston, lOSI, Bracon Ash, lUG^, 
Mulbarton-cum-Kenningham, 107|, Swardeston, 108f, Keswick, 110, and 
Harford Bridge Tg., llOf . 

LONDON TO NORWICH (by Stowmarket). 

London to Sudbury (55)— p. 237. 

Sudbury to Stowmarket (15 — 70); leaving Sudbury keep straight 
on past Chilton Park, 67, through Little Waldingfield, 59, Brent Eleigh, Qli, 
Kettlebarston or Kettlebastone, 63^, Hitcham, 64^, Cross Green, 60I, 
High Street Green or Hoisted Green, 67, and Great Finborough, 68. 

(Stowmarket : Fox; King's Head, B.T.C) 

Stowmarket to Botesdale (131—83^) ; by Tot Hill, 71^, Haughley 
Street, 73, Bacton, 77, and Furningham, 78|. 

Botesdale to Norwich (26f — IIO5) ; through New Buckenham, 
95, above. 

LONDON TO NORWICH (by Ipswich). 

London to Chelmsford (29^)— p. 237. 

Chelmsford to Witham (8| — 38^) ; in Chelmsford the road turns 
off to the right opposite the conduit in the middle of the street, up a slight 
rise, and then it is somewhat hilly but very easy riding through Springfield, 
30|, Boreham Street, 33f, and Hatfieldbury, 35|, just beyond which is a 
pretty stifi hill ; capital hard surface. 

(Witham : George, B.T.C. ; Spread Eagle, Hqrs. ; White Hart.) 

On I., Springfield Place ; at Boreham Street, on r., Boreham Ho. At 
Hatfieldbury, on r., Hatfield Priory. 

Witham to Marks Tey (8^ — 46|) ; a very good undulating road 
by Bivenhall End, 39f, through Kelvedon, 41^, and Gore Pitt, 42f . 
At Kelvedon on I, to Coggleehall, (3 — Mj.) 



239 

At Rivenhall End, on r., Braxted Park. At Kelvedon, on I., Felix Hall. 

Marks Tey to Colchester (4f — 61i) ; through Stanway, 47f , and 
Lexden, 49|, is a good and almost level road : entering Colchester turn to 
I. and then sharp to r., down a rather steep descent into the town, and 
down the High street. 

(Colchester: Bull; George, Hqrs. ; Shaftesbury Kefreshment Rooma ; 
Three Cups.) 

On r., Lexden Park. At Colchester are remains of the old walls and of the 
castle, a place of immense strength ; ruins of St. John's Abbey, founded 1097, and 
of St. Botolph's Priory, &c. South of the town are the remains of an ancient 
encampment. 

Colchester to Stratford St. Mary (8|— 59f) ; from the High 
street in Colchester turn to I., and follow the telegraph wires, turning to 
the left again after crossing the R. Colne ; there is a steep ascent rising 
from the river, and then the road is rather more hilly and not so good, in 
some places being very loose ; there is a stiff and rough descent, with a 
sharp curve to I. half-way down, to Stratford Bridge, 58f {B. Stour), after 
crossing which keep to r. 

Stratford St. Mary to Ipswich, Stones End (9f— 69^) ; stiff rise 
out of Stratford, and then it is a very hilly road, through Cross Green, 62f, 
by Capel Station, 63|-, where there is a level railway crossing, and through 
Copdock, 65f, with a long run down into Ipswich ; in some places the road 
is very loose, mostly on the hills, and the descents require careful riding. 
Ipswich is paved. 

{Ipswich: Coach and Horses, E.T.C ; County; Crown and Anchor j Golden 
Lion ; White Horse.) 

At Stratford, on I., Hill Ho. Before Ipswich, on r.. Stoke Park, and on Z., The 
Chantry. Ipswich is a considerable seaport town, pleasantly situate on the B. 
Orwell, which, below the town, expands into an arm of the sea. Cardinal Wolsey 
was born here. At Stoke, Im. down the right bank of the river, is capital sea- 
water bathing. 

Ipswich to Claydon (3| — 73) ; in Ipswich turn sharp to L, and 
through Whitton Street, 71f : good road, but in dry weather loose and stony. 

Claydon to Thwaite (111 — 84|-) ; take the right hand road, over 
Coddenham Bridge, Tof, through Little Stonham, 80, Brockford Green, 82:5-, 
and Brockford Street, 84 : good road. 

Beyond Claydon, on r., Shrubland Hall. 

Thwaite to Scole (7|— 92^) ; through Stoke, 86i, and Yaxley, 88^, 
13 a good undulating road, with no difficult hills. 

Beyond Thwaite, on I., Major Ho. On r., Yaxley Hall. Scole Inn was 
formerly noted for its singular sign of carved figure work, the size of life, and 
exhibiting the arms of the chief county towns and families ; here also was an 
immense circular bed. 

Scole to Long Stratton (Pi— 101|); through Dickleburgh, 94|, 
and Titshall Green, 97, is a pretty good undulating road. 

Long Stratton to Norwich (10—111^) ; through Newton Flotman, 
105, and Harford Bridge Tg., 1091-, is a pretty good undulating road, but 
chiefly on the fall. 

At Newton Flotman, on r., Shottesham Hall. Before Harford Bridge Tg., on 
r., at Caistor-cum-Marshall, a Koman camp. 



240 

[There is anotliei* foad through Sudbury and Bury Sfc. Edmunds tO 
Boiesdale, 861 — ^p. 238 ; thence through Sfcurston, 91f, to 8cole, 93|-, the 
road is simply perfect, smooth as a billiard table, and but slightly 
Undulating: \7n. beyond Sturston join the Ipswich and Norwich Road and 
turn to I. 

Or through Sudbury and Stowmarket to Botesdale, 83|, p. 238, whence 
to Scole, 90f , above. 

Or from Stowmarket through Thorney Green, 71|, Mendlesham, 76 1, 
to Brockford Street, 71h, on the Ipswich and JSTorwich road, whence 
through Thwaite, 78^, Yaxley, 82, to Scole, 85|— p. 239. This is the 
shortest road to Norwich, 105.] 

LONDON TO CHELMSFORD (by Epping). 

London to Epping (17¥)— P- 229. 

Epping to High Ongar (7| — 24|) ; nearly through Epping keep to 
r., and it is an easy undulating road, through Weald Gullet, 20, Tylers 
Green, 21, and by Bobbmgworth Mill, 22 : good surface, but rather stony 
sometimes. 

|w. before High Ongar on r. to Chipping Ongar, 24^. ; or from London 
to Chipping Ongar, 21^ — p. 236, and \m. further on r. to Iligli Ongar, 22f . 

High Ongar to Chelmsford (10 — 34f); through Norton Heath, 
271, Hoastly Hatch, 28^, Cooks Mill Green, 29f, Oxney Green, 31f (turn 
to r.), and Writtle, 32, is a good road with no difficult hills. 

LONDON TO BILDESTON AND HITCHAM. 

London to Stratford Bridge (58|)— p. 239. 

Stratford Bridge to Hadleigh (6| — 65); \m. beyond Stratford 
Bridge turn to I., and through Higham, 60|, and Layham, 64. 

Hadleigh to Bildeston (5^—70^) ; by Semer, 68^, and Kedging, 69^. 
[Or turn to r. If w. beyond Little Waldingfield, 59 — p. 238, and through 
Chelswoi-th, 63, to Bildeston, 64.] 

Bildeston to Hitcham (1^— 71f). 

LONDON TO NEW BUCZENHAM (by Diss). 

London to Stowmarket (70)— p. 238. 
Stowmarket to Yaxley (12 — 82)— above. 

Yaxley to Diss (4^ — 86|) ; follow the main Norwich road for 1 \m.t 
then turn to I., and through Sturston, 84|, a little beyond which cross tho 
Bi. Waveney, and turn to I. at Diss Common, 85|. 

{Diss : King's Head, B.T.G.) 

Diss to New Buckenham (7^—94); through Shelfanger, 89, 
Winfarthing, 90^, by Winfarthing Pond,"91i and Haugh Farm, 93. 

LONDON TO SCOLE (by Debenham). 

London to Ipswich (69t)— p. 239. 



241 

Ipswich to Debenham (13|— 83) ; in Ipswich take first turn sharp 
to I., and shortly after keep to v., and through Henley, 74|, Gosbeck, 77-|-, 
and Pettaugh, 80|. [Or taking second turn to I., and through Westerfield, 
72, Witnesham Street, 74, Helmingham, 79s^, Framsden, 80f , and Winston, 
82i, to Debenham, 83|.] 

(Dehenham : Eed Lion, recom. C.T.C) 

On L, Helmingham Hall, a moated mansion, erected in the reign of Henry 
VIII. ; in the ch. are some splendid memorials of the Tollemache family; in 
Debenham ch. are some ancient monuments. 

Debenham to Eye (9| — 92|) ; through Eishangles, 87^. 

(Eye: White Lion, recom. C.T.C.) 

At Eye are remains of a caatle, and of a Benedictine monastery. 

Eye to Scole (4| — 97) ; through Langton Green, 93^, and Broome, 
94|, Im. beyond ^Yhich join the main Ipswich and Norwich road. 

[Or through Sudbury and Stowraarket to Brockford Street, 77| (p. 240), 
whence turn to r., and through Thorndon, 80, to Eye, 83.] 

LONDON TO YARMOUTH. 

London to Ipswich (69^)— p. 239. 

Ipswich to Woodbridge (7| — 77i); keep straight through Ipswich, 
and out of the town there is a long steep ascent to mount, easy at first, but 
it becomes steeper after the turn ; then it is fairly level, and a very good 
road, but rather loose in places, through Kesgrave, 72f , and Martleshara 
Street, 75|, beyond which there is a steep sandy descent and ascent. 

{Woodbridge : Bull; Crown, B.T.C.; King's Arms; King's Head; Lion; 
Sun ; White Horse.) 

Beyond Kesgrave on I., Kesgrave Hall. At Woodbridge, St. Mary's ch.y 
supposed to have been built in the reign of Edward III. 

Woodbridge to Wickham Market (4f— 82); through Melton 2>., 
781, Ufford Street, 80, and Pettistree, 81^, is a rather hilly road, with a steep 
descent into Wickham Market ; good surface, butoccasionally looseand sandy. 

{Wickham Market : Vine; White Hart, C.T.C.) 

At Pettistree, on r., Loudham Hall, and beyond it the remains of Campsey 
Ash Abbey, ; 2m. farther, Eendlafiham Ho. 

Wickham Market to Saxmundham (8 — 90) ; through Glemham, 
85, Stratford St. Andrew, S6|, and Farnham, 87i, is a similar kind of road 
to the last stage. 

{Saxmv.ndham : Bell, C.T.C.', White Hart.) 

Beyond Wickham Market, on I., Glevering Hall. At Glemham, on Z., Warles- 
ford Hall; on ?-., Glemham Hall. At Saxmundham, on r., Hurts Hall. About 
4?)i. E. are the remains of Leiston Abbey. 

Saxmundham to Blythburgh (9|— 99f); through Kelsale, 91 j, 
and Yoxford, 94:^, is a good undulating road, but loose in places. 

(BIythhurrjh: White Hart, recom. C.T.C.) 

Blythburgh to Lowestoft (14,f — 114^) ; after crossing the B. Blythe 
keep to -/•., and through Wangford, 102|-, Wrentham, 106|, Benacre Tp., 
108, Kessingland, 109|, Pakefield, 112f , and Kirkley, 113^, is an undulating 
and fairly good road till the last 2 or 3m., which are heavy and sandy ; 
after Kessingland the road runs near the sea shore, and just before 
Lowestoft crosses R. Waveney, which forms the inner harbour on I., and 
there is an ascent over macadam road through the town. 

B 



242 

Beyond Blythburgh first turn on r. to South wold, lOof, generally a 
loose sandy road. 

(Lowestoft: Globe; Royal; Suffolk, 5. T.O.) 

Beyoad Blythburgh, oa L, Heaham Hall. Beyoud Wrenthaia, on r., 
Benacre Hall. 

Lowestoft to Yarmouth, M.P. (10 — 1^^) ; good hard gravel road, 
hilly for the first 3 or 4:tn., and then slightly undalatory through Hopton, 
119, with a mile ran down to Grorleston, 122}, whence it is laid wifch 
tramway through South Town, 123^: cross B. Yare just before entering 
Yarmouth. [Or from Grorleston cross B. Yare by the ferry, and thns 
avoid the tram lines. There is also another road by turning to r. just out 
of Lowestoft, and over a common, the first mile or so being very sandy, 
but it becomes better near Gorton, 117, where it goes almost to the edge 
of the cliffs; then it is but a narrow lane, with very good surface, to Hopton, 
118J^, where, on passing the oh., a turn to I. must be taken leading into the 
main road at the " White Hart " at Hopton, 119.] 

(Yarmouth: Angel; Bxfch; Crowa and Aachor; Franklin's; Norfolk; 
Queen's ; Royal ; Star ; Victoria.) 

Yarmouth is an important seaport town, consisting chiefly of four principal 
streets, crossed at right aaglos by about 150 narrow lanes, called rows : it had for- 
merly a moat and embattled walls, and during last century some fortifications were 
erected. The quay is one of the finest in the kingdom, with a broad promenade. 
The ch. was erected in 1123. Nelson's Moaumeat. Splendid sea bathing. 2m. 
before Hopton, on I. 3)n., Somerleyton Hall, containing a splendid gallery of 
paintings, sometimes open to the public. At Gorleston, Sm. on I., ruins of 
Burgh Castle. 

LONDON TO YARMOUTH (by Bungay). 

London to Scole (Sof) ; through Stowmarket (p. 240). 

Scole to Harleston (7 — 92|) ; at Scole turn to r., over Bilingford 
Common, through Thorpe Abbots, 88, Brockdish Street, 89|, and Needham, 
91^, running close to B. Waveney. [The better way is to follow the 
Norwich road to Dickleburgh, 88 j, which is pretty good, then turn to r., 
and through Rushall, 90|, to Harleston, 931^.] 

(Harleston: Cardinal's Hat ; Magpie; Swan.) 

At Brockdish, on r., across R. Waveney, remains of Wingfield Castle. At 
Harlestoa, ou r., across R. Waveaey, Moud'iam Priory and ruins. 

Harleston to Bungay (7.j — lOOi) ; dead level road through 
Redenhall, 94^, Wattle Wort well, 95, by Dove Alehouse, 96, Buck Alehouse, 
98, and Earsham, 99 1-, running close by the B. Waveney, and crossing it 
jusb before Bungay : good road. 

(Bungay : King's Head.) 

At Wattle Wortwell, on L, Deaton Ho. On r., across R. Waveaey, Flixton 
Hall and ruins of Abbey. At Batigay, ruins of a Benedictine Nunnery aud 
remains of a castle. At Redenhall, on I., Gaudy Hall ; here is a ch. of the 14ith 
century. At Earsham, on I., Earsham Ho. 

. . Bungay to Boeclos (Sg — 105|) ; in Bungay turn to r. and then to L 
by the church ; hilly but good road through Metbingham, 102, ShipmeadoTV, 
1031, Bai'sham, 104^. 

At Mettingham, on r., ruins of castle. 



243 

Becoles to Yarmouth., M.P. (14| — 120^) ; in Beccles turn to the 
left and cross R. Waveney, then the road is fair and level through 
Gillingham All Saints, 107j (keep to r. twice), Toft llonks, 109|, and 
HaddisGoe, 111, to St. Olave's Bridge, 113j- (cross R. AVaveney again) ; 
after that through Fritton, 114, Bradwell, 116, to South Town, 119|-, the 
road is undulating, but frequently very loose and sandy, especially so 
in summer. 

[There is another road from Bungay to G-illinghara, by turning to I. in 
the former, crossing R. Waveney and following its left bank through 
BUingham lOlf, Kirby Row, 103|-, and Geldeston, 104f, to Gillingham 
All Saints, 106f . 

Or from Beccles through Worlingham, North Cove, and Barnaby, a 
very good road, to Lowestoft, 112|, whence to Yarmouth, 10 — 1221- — p. 242.] 

Beyond St. Olave's Bridge, Herrinsffleet Hall, and the ruins of the abbey: 2n«-. 
on r., Somerleyton Hall, containing a fine gallery of pictures, which is sometimes 
open to the public; very loose and sandy road to it. At Bradvvell, 2m. on i., remains 
of Bargh Castle. 

LONDON TO FRAMLINGHAM. 

London to Wiekham Market (82) — p. 241, 

Wickham Market to Framlingham (5f— 87|); after crossing 
R. Deben beyond Wickham Market turn to I., and through Hacheston, 84^-, 
and Parham, 85|-, where keep to I. 

(Framlingham : Crown, B-T.C.) 

At Framlingham are the ruins of a castle, formerly a magnificent building of 
great strength ; the ch. has a curious carved roof, and contains some old 
monuments. 

LONDON TO NORWICH (by Bungay). 

London to Saxmundham (90) — p. 241. 

Saxmundham to Halesworth (lOf — lOOf) ; follow the Yarmouth 
road for •im. beyond Yoxford, 94j-, then turn to I. and through Bramfield, 98f . 
At Halesworth, on r., Mells Chapel. 

Halesworth to Bungay (9— 109|) ; through Stone Street, 104, 
St. Lawrence Ilketshall, 106f, and St. John Ilketshall, 107f . 
Before Bungay onr., ruins of Mettingham Castle. 

Bungay to Norwich 3/.P. (14— 123f) ; through Bungay cross R. 
Waveney, then turn to I. at White House, 110 j, and through Ditchingham, 
112, Hedenham, 113, by Tumbledown Dick, 114j, Kirkstead Hall, 117, 
Poringland, 119^, over Poringland Heath to Bixley, 121^, and through 
Trowse Tp., 122^ 

On r., Ditchingham Hall, Kirkstead Hall, and Bixley Park. 

LONDON TO BECCLES (by Blythburgh). 

London to Blythburgh (99f)— p. 241. 

Blythburgh to Beccles (10 — 109f ) ; after crossing R. Blythe, take 
the left hand road through Bulchamp, 100|, and over a common, skirting 
Henham Park and through Sotherton, 103^, to Brampton, 105 ; here turn 
to r. up a hill by the cli, and through Shaddingfield, lOof, and Weston, 107^. 

e2 



244 

LONDON TO LODDON. 

London to Bungay (100^)— p. 242. 

Bungay to Loddon (6| — 106|) ; keep straight on through Bungay 
and cross R. Waveney, l\m. beyond which turn to I., and through Broome, 
102|-. [Or to BeccleSy 105f, (p. 242), through which bearing to I., cross R. 
Waveney to Gillingham All Samts, 106|, and through Stockton, 108|, and 
Hales, 110, to Loddon, llli ] 

LONDON TO DUNWICH. 

London to Woodbridge (77i)— p. 241. 

Woodbridge to Snape Bridge (10| — 87^) ; beyond Woodbridge 
turn to r., and through Eyke, 81:^, Rendlesham, 82j, and Tunstall, 85|. 
On I., Rendelsham Ho., and farther on ruins of Campsey Ash Abbey. 

Snape Bridge to Dunwich (10| — 97f ) ; through Snape Street, 88, 
Cold Fair Green, 90|-, Leiston, 92^, and East Bridge, 94|. [The best road 
to Dunwich is to follow the main Yarmouth road to Yoxford, 94f, (as on 
p. 241), and then l^^ni. beyond on r., through Darsham, 961-, to Dunwich, 100^.] 

Beyond Leiston, on I., Leiston Abbey j on r., Leiston Old Abbey. 

LONDON TO ORFORD. 

London to Woodbridge (77^)— p. 241. 

Woodbridge to Orford (13— 90^) ; through Woodbridge, on the 
Saxmundham road turn to r. at Melton Tp., 78|, and then through 
Bromeswell, 80|-, over Sprat Bridge, 82^, and through Butley, 84|, 
Chillesford, 85|, and Sudbourn, 88^. 

Before Sudbourn, on r., Sudbourn Hall (Marquis of Hertford). At Orford, 
ruins of castle. 

LONDON TO ALDBOROUGH. 

London to Wickham Market (82) — p. 241. 

Wickham Market to Aldborough (12^— 94|); follow the Yarmouth 
road through Glemham, 85, and Stratford St. Andrew, 86|, to Farnham, 
87i, a rather hilly road with good surface, but occasionally loose and sandy; 
then turn to r., and through Snape, 89j, a very good road, ending with a 
steep descent into the town : this is the best road. 

[Or turn to r. just beyond Wickham Market, and through Campsey 
Ash, Blaxhall, over Snape Bridge and through Snape Street, lf»i, beyond 
wliich join above road Im. out of Snape : distance about 1 m. shorter ; the road 
is extremely bad, being often loose and stony, made with flints. 

Or to Snape Bridge, 87^ (above) ; thence to Aldboroujh, 93| — above.] 

{Aldborough : East Suffolk; White Lion.) 

LONDON TO HARWICH. 

London to Colchester (51^) — p. 239. 

Colchester to Manningtree (9^ — 60|j; from the High street in 



245 

ColcKester, turn to 2., following the telegraph wires, and after crossing U, 
Coin© keep first to r., and shortly after, beyond the railway, to I. ; then 
through Ardleigh, 56^-, and Wignell Street, 68f- : very bad loose hill to 
climb (dangerous to ride down) d^n. out of Colchester. 
At Wignell Street, on I., Lawford Hall. 

Manningtree to Harwich (11|— 72) ; through Mistley Thorn, 61^, 
Bradfield, 63|, Eamsey Street, 68^, Ramsey, 68|-, and Dovercourfc, 70, 
running near B. Stour all the way. 

(Harwich: Great Eastern ; Pier; Three Caps ; White Hart, B.T.C.) 
Beyond Manningtree, on r., Mistley Hall ; further on, ruins of old ch. Beyond 
Bradfield, \^m. on r., Wicks Abbey; before Ramsey, on r., Ramsey Hall. 

LONDON TO HARWICH (by Great Oakley). 

London to Colchester (51^)— p. 239. 

Colchester to Elmstead Market (4^ — 55|) ; from the High street 
in Colchester turn to I., following the telegraph wires, and after crossing 
H. Colne keep to r. twice for Greenstead, 62^, just out of which there is a 
steep and rather long hill, often covered with dust and loose stones, which 
must be walked up ; thence (keeping to I. Iwt. fui'ther on) the road is loose 
and dusty to Elmstead Market. 

[Or turning to r. just entering Colchester, and along Barrack street 
to Hythe, a suburb of the town, and the road is good and hard to Grreen- 
stead, just before which cross B. Colne.] 

Beyond Greenstead, on r., Wivenhoe Park. 

Elmstead Market to Great Oakley (9^ — 65) ; at the end of the 
former take left hand road through Horsley Cross, 60j, and Wicks Cross, 
63 ; it is undulating, but very loose and bad. [Or keep to r. out of 
Elmstead Market to Frating, 57^, where turn to I. and go through Tendring, 
62-^, Weeley, 63|, Thorpe-le-Soken, 65|- (again turn to I.), and Beaumont, 
67|, to Great Oakley, 70|; the road is very bad for the greater part of the 
way, being loose and heavy with dust, but approaching Thorpe-le-Soken iti 
improves and after that is hilly but generally good.] 

At Wicks Cross, on I., Wicks Abbey ; at Thorpe-le-Soken, on r., Thorpe Abbey. 

Great Oakley to Harwich (6 — 71) ; at Great Oakley turn to the 
I., and through Little Oakley, 66, Eamsey, 67^, and Dovercourt, 69 ; an up 
and downhill road, but nothing difficult, and generally in good condition. 

The whole of this road to Harwich is often very bad and heavy, with 
thick dust and loose stones in dry weather, and in wet weather is very soft. 

LONDON TO WALTON-ON-NAZE. 

London to Elmstead Market (55^) — above. 

Elmstead Market to Thorpe-le-Soken (10| — 65f ) ; at the end of 
the former keep to r. for Frating, 57^ (turn to I.), and through Tendrmg, 
62^, and Weeley, 6'S^ ; the road is very bad for the greater part of the 
way, being loose and heavy with stones and dust, but approaching Thorpo 
it improves. 

At Thorpe, on r., Thorpe Abbey. At Frating, on r., to St. Osyth (ow. — 62J), 
where are remains of a priory. 



246 

Thorpe-le-Soken to Walton-on-the-Naze (5^—71) ; at Thorpe 
tnrn to L, and nearly Im. beyond to r., and through Kirby Soken, 69, and 
"Walton Ashes, 71, is an excellent road. [Or at Thorpe keep straight on to 
Kirby Cross, 68, then tm^n to I. to Kirby Soken, 69.] 

{Walton-on-the-Naze : Bath; Clifton, B.T.C ; Dorling's; Ordnance.) 

LONDON TO BRADWELL AND BURNHAM. 

London to Margaretting Street (25^)— p. 237. 

Margaretting Street to Great Baddow (4^—291); at the former 
turn to r., and over Galleywood Common, 27|. 

[Or by Chelmsford, 29J (p. 237), and then to r. to Great Baddow, 31.] 

Great Baddow to Maldon (8^ — 38) ; at Great Baddow turn to Z., 

and a little after to r., and through Danbury, 33:^, and Runsells, 34|. 

(Maldon: Blue Boar; King's Head, iTg?'s. — Heyhridge : Queen's Head, ffgrs.) 
Before Danbury, on r., Danbury Place : S. of the village is an aucient Danish 

encampment, in which the ch. stands ; here is a curious tomb. At Maldon, St. 

Mary's ch., supposed to have been erected 1056. At Maldon, Im. on I,, is 

Heybridge across Blackwater B. 

Maldon to Snoreham (5 — 43) ; in Maldon turn to right. 
Snoreham to Bradwell (8^ — 51J), through Steeple, 47. 
Beyond Snoreham, on r. to Althorn, 45|, thence to Southniinster, 48^. 
At Althorn on r. to Burnliam, 49. 

LONDON TO SOUTHEND. 

London, Koyal Exchange, to Barking (7^); asphalte along 
Cornhill, Leadenhall street, and Aldgate, to Whitechapel ch., \m., then 
granite paving, with tramway, along High street, Whitechapel (at fm. 
turning to r.), along Commercial road, through Limehouse, 2\, and Poplar, 
3, to the East India Docks ; then crossing B. Lea, at the Iron Bridge, 3f , 
it is macadam, bad and lumpy, along Barking road to Plaistow, 4|, after 
which it improves, though liable to be dusty in very dry summers, to East 
Ham, 6^, and good to Barking : level all the way, except a slight rise from 
JB. Roding into Barking ; traniAvay extends for about 3m., and the road is 
bad for bicycling on account of the heavy traffic. The road takes several 
sharp turns in Barking. [There is another road to East Ham by turning 
to r. ^n. beyond Stratford, 4 (p. 229), and through West Ham, 4f, to East 
Ham, 6f .] From East Ham there is a good level road on r., across the 
marshes, to North Woolwich, 3, whence Woolwich can be reached by ferry. 

At Barking are remains of a nunnery, said to have been the earliest in 
England. About ^m. N. of Barking, at a farm called Uphall, on the road to 
Ilford, is a large Roman entrenchment. 

Barking to Bainham (5| — 13); level railway crossing just out of 
Barking, then a dip to and rise from St. Mary's or Mays Bridge, 8|, and 
by Eipple Side, 10, The Chequers, lOf, Beam River Tg., W\, and Beam 
Bridge, \1\\ the road is flat, and generally rather loose and sandy, 
especially in summer, but sometimes good. [Or follow the Romford road 
to the " Whalebone," 10|^ (p. 236), then turn on r., and through Dagenham, 
13^, to Rainham, 15^.] 



247 

{Rainham : Angel; Phoenix; White Horse.) 

Just before Mays Bridge, on r., Eastbury Ho., traditionally associated with 
the meetings of the Gunpowder Plot conspirators. 

Rainham to StifiTord (6 — 19) ; this is a similar description of road 
through Wennington, 14^, at ^m, beyond which turn to I., and there is a 
long stiff hill to climb, followed by a steep descent, with a turn in it, to 
Aveley, 16^, whence it is level over Stifford Bridge, 18j-. 

Beyond Aveley, on I., Belhus Park. 

StiflFord to Stanford-le-Hope (6 — 25) ; undulating but very good 
road through Baker Street, 21:^ (turn to r. and hn. further to I.), and by 
the Cock Inn, 23 : entering Stanford there is a level railway crossing, then 
a sharp rise and turn to I. by the King's Head. [Or at Baker Street keep 
straight to Orsett, 22, then turn to r., rejoining the other road just before 
the Cock Inn. Or instead of going through Baker street turn to r. out of 
Stifford, and ^. further to I., joining the other road at 21f ; this is not so 
hilly.] 

Stanford-le-Hope to Pitsea (5| — 30|), is a very hilly road, chiefly 
on the rise as far as Vange, 28|, and then undulating ; very fair surface ; 
beyond the railway bridge past Vange take the first turn to r. 

Pitsea to Hadleigh (4f — 35|-) ; good undulating road past Bowers, 
31|, to the bottom of Bread and Cheese Hill, otherwise caUed Jarvis Hill 
(top of), 33f, which is along steep incline winding up through a wood, (and 
dangerous to ride down) ; from the top an excellent road runs along the top 
of a range of hills past Hadleigh Cross, 34f , on Hadleigh Common. 

From Jarvis Hill an extensive view is obtained over the R. Thames, and the 
opposite Kentish shore. On r., the ruins of Hadleigh Castle, situate on the brow 
of a steep hill, overlooking R. Thames. 

Hadleigh to Southend (5— 40i) ; by Leigh Elm, 37i, is good 
travelling, and an easy undulating road : \m. before Southend turn to r. 

At Leigh Elm on v., \m. to the village of Leigh, which is worth a 
visit ; here is Leigh Hill to descend, a steep declivity leading from the 
table land above the cliffs to the village and beach ; it is dangerous to ride 
down ; near the top is a right-angled turn in the steepest part, then a 
straight shoot down the side of the cliff, terminating in a narrow street, 
with a railway crossing and another turn to the beach. Im. before 
Southend, \m. on Z., the village of Prittlewell, 39^. 

{Southend: Britannia; Hope; London; Middleton; Royal, B.T.C. ; Ship.) 
Southend is much frequented as a bathing-place, &c. About 3m. E. in 
Shoeburyness, the locality of some of the great artillery experiments. 

LONDON TO SOUTHEND (by Billericay). 

London to Brentwood (18^) — p. 236. 

Brentwood to Billericay (5|— 23f ) ; out of Brentwood there is a good 
run down to Shenfield, 19^, where turn to r., and the road becomes bad 
through Hutton Street, 21, with a long and shingly ascent to Billericay. 

(Billericay : Red Lion, B.T.C) 

Billericay to Wickford (5| — 29^) ; past South Green, 24f , there is 
a long descent down Windmill Hill, steep at first, and generally rough and 



248 

stony, after wliich it is a good hard road through Cray's Hill, 27i, but 
sometimes loose and rough ; just before Wickford turn to r. 
From Windmill Hill there is a grand view. 

Wickford to Rayleigh. (4|— 34^) ; by Eawreth Shot, 31^, is a fairly 
level and good road till just before Kayleigh, when there is a very steep 
hill to be mounted into the town : parts of the road are sometimes bad, 
loose and rough. 

Entering Rayleigh, on I., remains of an ancient castle. 

Bayleigh. to Hadleigh (3— 37i) ; turn to r. at Eayleigh, and it is a 
lairly good and hard road thi'ough Rivers, 35, and over Thundersley 
Common, 36, to Hadleigh Cross, 36f, where join the more direct London 
road through Pit sea. 

Hadleigh to Southend (5— 42^)— p. 247. 

[There is another road from Eayleigh through Prittlewell to Southend; 
it is a bye-road, but level and good running, except in very dry and dusty 
weather: at Prittlewell is a broad pathway across Prittlewell Fields to 
Southend : about 1 V^. shorter.] 

LONDON TO GREAT WAKERINQ. 

London to Rayleigh (34^)— above. 

Rayleigh to Rochford (6 — 40j); at Eayleigh turn to Z., and through 
Hockley, 36^ 

{Rochford : King's Head ; Old Ship.) 

Rochford to Great Wakering (8— 48}) ; at Eochford keep to r., 
and at Sutton, 41^, to r, again, to within a mile of Southend, then to the Z., 
and through South Church, 44|, and North Shoebury, 46^. 

[Or from Sutton on I. through the lanes to Great Wahering, 4i-jI. 

Or by the direct London road through Hadleigh to the junction of the 
roads (Im. before Southend), 39|-, p. 247 ; here keep to I., and through South 
Church, 40|, and North Shoebury, 42 1, to Great Wahering, 44|.] 

LONDON TO SOUTHEND (by Upmiuster). 

London to Romford (12i)— p. 236. 

Romford to Upminster (3f — 16) ; in the middle of Eomford turn 
to r., and the road is good and level through Havering Well, 13} (turn to Z.), 
with a hill to ride up into Hornchurch, 14^, and then down again to 
Upminster. 

At Hornchurch, on I., Langtons, and beyond it Nelmes. 

Upminster to Wickford (14 — 30) ; for 10m. it is an almost straight 
lane, not passing through a single village ; then, turning to I., it falls into 
the Billericay and Wickford road, about hn. before Cray's Hill, 27f. 

Wickford to Southend (12| — 42 1)— above. 

LONDON TO SOUTHEND (by Purifeet). 
London to Rainham (13)— p. 246. 



245 

Bainham to Plirfleet (3^ — 16|) ; fairly level and very good road, 
but Bometimes loose, to Wennington, 14y, at the fork beyond which keep to 
r., and with very good surface there is a decline to the railway crossing, 
whence is a sharp rise past the barracks and agam down into Purfleet, to 
the river beach, 

{Furfieet : Koyal.) 

Purfleet to Chadwell (6^ — 23) ; in Purfleet turn sharp to I., and it 
is a good road slightly on the fall through Stone House, 18, and West 
Thurrock, 19, to l^m. beyond, where the road to Grays Thurrock, 20f , strikes 
off to r. ; then ascend a long and rather steep hill, and from the top a 
slightly undulating road with a very good surface runs to Chadwell. 

Beyond West Thurrock, on L, Belmont Castle : from the high ground near 
Chadwell, capital view of Thames valley and Gi'avesend. 

Chadwell to Stanford-le-Hope m — 27i); l^m-. beyond Chadwell 
keep to I. ; it is a fairly good road, undulating with easy gradients, through 
Muckingford, 25, and Muckinge, 26|. 

Stanford-le-Hope to Southend (15|— 42-1)— p. 247. 

LONDON TO TILBURY FORT. 

London to Chadwell (23)— above. 

Chadwell to Tilbury Fort (3—26) ; ^m. beyond Chadwell turn to 
right; there is a steep and loose hill to descend, and then it is a level 
and smooth road. 

[Or to JJiiminsier, 16, (p. 248) ; thence it is a very good road, turning to 
r. to Corbetts Tye, 17, and through South Ockendon, 20i, to Stiff ord 
Bridf>-e, 21|, Stifford, 22|, where turn on r. to the road from Purfleet at 21^n,. 

6r from Upminster by turning to I. at Corbetts Tye and through 
North Ockendon, 18|, to South Ockendon, 20|.] 

{North Ockendon : Old White Horse ; White Horse.) 

From Tilbury, cross R. Thames by ferry to Gravesendj this is the best route 
from N. and E. London to East Kent. 



250 



CROSS ROADS. 



MARGATE TO SOUTHAMPTON (by the Coast). 

Margate to Rarnsgate (4|^), is an almost straight road ; there is 
Ckapel Hill to mount, and a fall into Ramsgate, but nothing difficult, and 
good surface all the way : through Rarnsgate is mostly macadam. [There 
is another road by Broadstairs, 3|, (p. 4) ; thence to Ramsgate, 2 — 5|. Or 
by North Down, 1^, and Kingsgate, 2f , to Broadstairs, 4|.] 

Margate, Ramsgate and Broadstairs, hotels, &c., pp. 3 and 4. 

Rarnsgate to Sandwich (6 — 10|) ; ascent out of Ramsgate and 
downhill out of St. Lawrence, 5j, to Nether Court, 5f, {^m. beyond which 
keep to the L), and Cliffs End, 6f; from here the road is excellent and 
level, skirting Pegwell Bay and ti'a versing Sandwich Marshes, past Half- 
way House, 8, and The Salterns, 8| : through Sandwich is paved and bad 
riding. [Or instead of going through Ramsgate, turn to r. 2^m. out of 
Margate, and through Haine, 3, and Ijin. further joining the road fm. 
beyond Nether Court, and on to Sandwich, 9.] 

Beyond Salterns, on r,, Richborough Castle, p. 5. Sandwich, p. 5. 

Sandwich to Deal, The Castle (6| — 17), is a good undulating road 
through St. Bartholomew, 11 (keep to the L), Worth, 11^, Hacklinge, 12|^, How 
Bridge, 13, Cottington, 13|, Sholden, 14|, and Upper Deal, 15|. [There is 
another and shorter route on the I. across the sands or marshes and close 
by the shore, passing Sandown Castle.] 

Deal, p. 6. 

Deal to Dover (8| — 25^) ; a little way past Deal Castle turn to the 
r., and a gentle rise begins which ends in a stiff pull through Walmer, 18^, 
and Ringwould, 19f , followed by a steep descent into a valley and a long 
ascent again to Dover Castle, whence there is the very steep winding 
descent of Castle Hill into Dover, not safe to ride down without a powerful 
brake : good smooth surface. 

[There is another road from Sandwich by keeping to r. at St Bartholo- 
mew, 11, and through Statenborough, 12^, Eastry, 13, whence it is rather 
hilly past Updown Ho. on I., through Tilmanstone, 15^, and Waldershare, 
17, where on r. is Waldershare Park; 2m.. further the top of the hills is 
reached and there is a fw. descent into the London road ^m. beyond Ewell, 
whence to Dover, 22|, see p. 6.] 

Beyond Ringwoald, on L, Oxney Court. At Walmer, on I., the Castle. 
Dover, p. 6. 

Dover to Folkestone (7 — 32 1) ; the road out of Dover leaves by 
the upper part of the town, and there is a long rather steep ascent past the 
Priory Railway Station, which continues with two or three undulations 
through Hougham, 28, up a long valley and over an indifferent road to the 



251 

Signal House Tg., 31, on the top of Folkestone Hill ; then there is a steep 
and dangerous descent with several sharp turns in it, and which ought not to 
be ridden down without a powerful brake, the surface being generally rather 
rough; it ends in the narrow and tortuous streets of Folkestone, 
through which bicyclists should keep to the right, avoiding the old or 
lower town. 

Folkestone, hotels, &c., p. 9. 

Folkestone to Hythe, Gh. (4|— 37); there are two roads out of 
Folkestone to Sandgate, 34|- ; the lower one next the sea is perhaps the 
better one, starting from the Old Town and with slight undulations skirting 
the base of the cliffs to Sandgate; for the other road (to the r.) go up the 
sharp hill on to the Lees in the upper part of the town, then level for a mile 
or so and down a long fall into Sandgate ; thence the road runs alongside 
the sea through Shorncliff, 35|-, macadam and shaky most of the way. See 
also pp. 8-9. 

Hythe, hotels, &c., p. 8. 

Hythe to New Romney, M.H. (9 — i6); just beyond Hythe t<ike 
the left hand road over the Royal Military Canal, and across Romney 
Ivlarsh, running near to the sea shore the whole distance and almost dead 
level ; it is a very fair road on the whole to Dymchurch, 42, but frequently 
portions are covered with loose gravel and shingle, and the remainder to 
New Romney is very bad for bicycling, being all made of loose stones and 
shingle with a cart track in the middle to ride on. 

{Dymchurch : Ship. — New Romney, p. 10.) 

New Romney to Rye, Strand Gate (12|— o8J); follow the 
Appledore road for 4i\m., through Old Romney, 43, to the junction of the 
roads ^m. before Brenzett Corner, (50|) ; then turn to the I., and across 
Walling Marsh through Brookland, b\\, and along Guldeford (or Guild- 
ford) Lane, by Kent Ditch, 54^, to Scot's Flat, oQ^, where the R. M. Canal 
is recrossed: level but extremely bad for bicycling, being a continuation 
of the last stage, made of loose gravel and shingle, with one and sometimes 
two cart and horse tracks, to within 1 or 2in. of Rye, which is situate upon a 
hill, and has badly paved streets. 

Old Romney, p. 10. — Rye, &c., p. 13. 

[Instead of the bad road from Hythe to Rye, the bicyclist will do well 
to go inland from Hythe along the road to Ashford for 6 or Im. (p. 8), 
and then bearing to the I. ride through the villages Aldington, &c., to 
Appledore, and thence through Reading Street, 2|m. (p. 10), to Rye, 7m. 
(p. 14) ; pretty fair going on the whole, though some 4 or bm. farther. 
Thei'e is also a direct road from Appledore to Rye, 'om., alongside the 
Royal Military Canal, but it is a very bad road, being very gt'assy and full 
of loose pebbles, except last 2)n.'] 

Rye to Winchelsea, Strand Gate (2 — Q0\) ; very good road, dead 
level, except a steep winding ascent to the latter town, which is on a hill. 
Winchelsea, p. 13. 

"Winclielsea to Hastings, Swan Inn (8| — 69|^) ; leaving Winchelsea 
a sharp turn to the r., at the direction post, has to be taken, and through 
Icklesham, 62^, Guestling Thorn, M\ (keep to I. twice), and Guestling, QQ, 
is undulating, then there is a long, steep, winding ascent, unrideable either 
way, to Leanham, 67^, with another short stiff rise on to Fairlight Down, 



252 

tKen it begins to descend, and at 68m-. turn sharp to I. into the road from 
Battle ; about Im. farther is a long steep hill to go down into Hastings ; 
this stage requires careful riding in descending the hills in either direction; 
good road on the whole. 

At Guestling Thorn on L, Broomham Place. Hastings, p. 15. 

Hastings to Bexhill (5| — 74|) ; through the new town and along 
the Parade of Hastings and St. Leonards, 70^^, the road is level, but mac- 
adam for a couple of miles, then it turns inland and with fairly good 
surface is rather undulating, but chiefly on the rise; at the direction post, 
^m. before Bexhill keep to the I. 

3m. N. of Bexhill is Crowhurst, in the churchyard of which is a large yew 
tree ; also remains of manoi'ial mansion. On the beach at Bexhill, a submarine 
forest is being left uncovered by the sea. 

BexhiU to Pevensey or Pevensea, Sluice Bridge (7| — 82) ; very 
sharp fall to Bexhill Common, 75 j, then (keeping to I.) long pull up, and 
another sharp loose descent to Little Common, 77 ; here keep straight on, 
the road being up a narrow, shingly, carfc-and-hoof -track lane, uphill for 
nearly a mile, on to Barnhorne Hill with a couple of sharp ascents and 
descents to Stone Bridge, 78|- (just before keep to r.) ; then across the 
marshes, over Sewers Bridge, 79f (where returniiig keep to r.), is level but 
loose and shingly road. [Or turning to I. at Little Common, good for a 
mile to the coastguard station on the beach, then very bad, simply a loose 
shingle bed for nearly Im. till you cross the railway at a level, after which 
the surface improves across the marshes, but is still shingly; join the other 
road just before Pevensey.] 

About 3m. N., ruins of Hurstmoncoux Castle, p. 18. Pevensey, p. 18. 

Pevensey to Eastbourne (6| — 88|) ; passing by the Castle ruins 
and through Westham, 82^, (where keep to I., and again l^m. on) it is undu- 
lating and generally loose and sandy to Langley 2\j., 85, and the rest level 
and good over Crumble Bridge, 85|, through Bourne or Sea Houses, 87. 

EastbDurne, hotels, &c., p. 18. 

Eastbourne to Seaford, ISTew Inn (7f — 96^) ; turn to I. by the ch. 
in Eastbourne, and there is a long steep hill to walk up out of the town on 
to the top of the Downs behind Beachy Head, and after a little rough riding 
on the top there is a steep descent, which must be ridden down very 
carefully and is best walked, towards East Dean, 91^ ; then a steep and 
loose uphill again to Friston, 92, and an easy descent, except the last part, 
which is rather steep and rough, through Excet, 93f , to Excet Bri'dge, 94 
{B. Cuckmere) ; from here is a hill to mount, then a good run down through 
Sutton, 95|, to Seaford : on this stage the descents either way require very 
careful riding ; the surface is rather rough across the Downs, but improves 
towards Seaford. 

On r., Friston Place, a mansion built in the Tudor style, but dating from the 
17th century. At West Dean the ch. is Norman ; also an old parsonage house of 
the 14th century. Seaford, p. 22. 

Seaford to Newhaven, Bridge (3i— 99^)— p. 22. 
Newhaven, &c., p. 22. 

Newhaven to Brighton, Aquarium (9 — 108^); keeping straight 
through the town there is a steep ascent out of Newhaven up to the Downs, 



253 

then it is an undulating road to Rottingdean, 104 1, where there is a steep 
descent and a corresponding rise ; after that the road continues all up and 
doTvn hill for 2 or oni., the gradients being very steep and often rough and 
stony ; from Kemp Town, 107, the eastern suburb of Brighton, iD is a 
gradual slope down to the Aquarium ; on the whole very good .surface, 
though sometimes shaky. After the first mile the road runs on the top of 
the cliffs close by the sea shore. 

From Eastbourne to Brighton this road is not so easy riding as the 
inland route, but following the coast there is more to see and bet^jcr scenery 
than on the other route, for which see pp. 260-1. 

Brighton, hotels, &c., p. 25. 

Briglitcn to Old Shoreham, Oh. (6|— 11 5^); continuing by the sea 
shore, along the parade or esplanade through Clifton ville, 109 .j, Hove,110g, 
Coppard's Gap, lllf , Southwick, 113, Kingston-by-Sea, 113 1, and New Shore- 
ham, 1141, is a very good road, nearly level ; slight rise and fall in Shoreham. 
[There is another, the upper road, by following the London road back out 
of the town, and ^m. beyond St. Peter's ch. turn to the I. over a stiff hill, 
and then very undulating by Portslade, 112|, andBackingham House, 115, 
to Old Shoreham, 116. Or from the lower road turn to the r. beyond 
Coppard's Gap, and through Portslade, 112|, to Old Shoreham, above.] 

Before Coppard's Gap, on r., the ruins of Aldringfcon ch. Old Shoreham cK 
is very ancient. 

Old Shoreham to Arundel, Bridge (12|— 128) ; take the road to 
r. across the B. Adur over the wooden bridge (Norfolk Bridge) at which is a 
toll of 2d. to pay; thence through Lancing, 117, and Sorapting, 118j, is 
easy going and a good ron.d, almost level to hii. before OfRngton House, 
where join the London road from Worthing (If /?i. on I.) and follow it up the 
hill to the next cross roads at Offington House, 120^; then keep straight 
on, leaving the London road on the r., and for the next mile it is not a good 
road, and there is a descent which must be taken carefully, the road bearing 
first to r. then to I.; the rest is undulating, and except a long stiff ascent 
at Patching Pond, 123 1 {l^m. further on turn first to r. then to I.), is all 
easy riding and a very good road, by Poling Cross Roads, 126, to Arundel, 
with a steep descent into the to^n. 

2r,i. past OSiagfcon Ho., on I., Goring Lodge ; before Arundel, on r., 
Badworth Park. Arundel, &c., p. 31. 

Arundel to Chichester, Market Cross (lOf — 133|) ; in Arundel 
after crossing B. Arun turn to Z.; there is a good ascent out of the town, 
then down and up again ; afterwards undulating, but nothing difficult, by 
Avisford Hill, 131, Ball's Hut, 132^j, Crocker Hill, 1311, and through 
Maudlin, 136|, and West Hampnet, 137f : good surface, but in places loose 
at times. Pretty country. (On the return journey out of Chichester 
take the left hand road, and at Maudlin the r,). 

Im. after Crocker Hill, a little on r., Boxgrove, the ch. of which was part of a 
Benedictine priory, founded 1117 — 35. At Avisford Hill, on r., Avisford ffo ; ^m. 
on I., Walberton Place, At Ball's Hut, on r., Slinden Ho. At Maudlin, 2/n. 
on r., Goodwood Ho. and Park. Chichester, &c., p. 3i. 

Chichester to Havant (9— 147|) ; through Fishbourn, 1401, Old 
Fishbourn, 140^, by Broadbridge Mill, 141f, through Nutbourne, 1411, 



254 

and Emsworth, 1455-; almost level road, and very good going — like a 

racing-path. 

{Havant : Bear; Dolphin, C.T.C.; Star. — Em^viorfh : Crown.) 
At Broadbridge Mill, Iw. on I., Bosham, with very fine Saxon ch., which is a 

conspicuous feature in the Bayeux tapestry, as Harold sailed from here on his 

voyage to Normandy, and the site of his residence is still pointed out. 

Havant to Cosham (4^—152); continues good going, and almost 
level, there being only one ascent worth mentioning, about Im. beyond 
Bedhampton, 148|^; it is short but rather stilf on account of its being 
generally loose and stony. 

Beyond Bedhamptcm, on r., Belmont Castle. 

Coshara to Fareham (5 — ^157) ; turn to I. a short distance on the 
Portsmouth road, then to r.; through Wimmering, 152|, Palsgrave, 153|, 
and Porchester, 154|, is the same kind of road, though sometimes rough. 

Porchester Castle, &c., p. 36. On r. pass the three forts. Before Fareham, 
on l.y Cams Hall. Fareham, p. 41. 

Fareham to Titchfleld (3 — 160), is a good undulating road; 2m. 
beyond Fareham keep to I. 

Halfway on r., Blackbrook Ho. Near Titchfield, the ruins of Titchfleld Ifo., 
where Charles I. was twice concealed. 

Titchfleld to Southampton (9|— 171f) ; rise out of Titchfield, and 
pretty easy road over Titclifteld Common and Sarisbury Green, 163, with 
a descent to Bursledon Bridge, 164, where there is a toll to pay ; on the 
other side there is a long stiff hill to mount on to Bursledon Heath, then 
undulating over the Heath (keeping to I.), and Netley Common, to the 
junction with the London road from Botley, oui. further, and over Northam 
Bridge, 168|- {B. Itchen); Southampton is partly paved, with tramways. 
Returning, after Northam Bridge l^m., keep to r., and on Titchfield 
Common first to r. then to I. [Or instead of going through Titchfield, you 
may keep to r. Im. E. of it, rejoining the road on the Common om. further 
on Or beyond Bursledon Bridge turn to I., and there is a long stiff hill 
to mount, then undulating, with one or two descents which must be taken 
carefully, through Netley and over Netley Common to Itchen, whence 
cross the river by steam ferry, which plies across every 20 minutes, to 
Southampton.] 

At Netley, on I., Netley Abbey ruins; also Netley Castle, the Victoria 
Hospital and Weston Ho. At Itchen, on r., Woolstonfl'o. There are some splendid 
views along this road. Before Northam Bridge, on I., Chewsel Ho. ; on r., Bittern 
Grove Ho. Southampton, p. 40. 

CANTERBURY TO RYE. 

Canterbury to Chilham (5|); in the middle of Canterbury from 
the London road turn to r., and through the suburb of Wincheap, at the 
end of which, Im. out of the town, keep to the r. (the left hand or old road 
through Shalmsford Street, 4^, being more hilly and ^n. longer), and 
through Tliannington, 1|, and by Howfield, 2]-, is a good undulating road. 

At Chilham, on L, across B. Stour, a circular entrenchment, supposed to be 
British. A little further, on r., Chilham Castle. 

Chilham. to Ashford, Saracen's Head (8^ — 13f ) ; at the entrance of 
Chilham turn to I., keeping close by the railway, and it is rather more 



2oo 



hilly, but nothing very difficult through Bilton or Bilting, 8|, Boughton 
Corner, 9f, Broad Street, lOf, Kennington, 12, and Bybrook, 13. [Or in 
Chilham turn to I. at the cross roads, by the Castle, along the old road, 
through Mountain Street, 6f, and Godmersham, 7f, to Bilton, 9, skirting 
Chilham Park and Godmersham Park.] Returning, ^in. past Bybrook 
keep to r. ; surface not quite so good as the preceding stage. 

At Bilton, on L, Olantigh Ho. At Broad Street, Im. on r., Eastwell Park. 
At Boughton Corner, l^yn. on I., is the small old town of Wye. Ashford, p. 8. 

Ashford to Ham Street (6|— 20^); turn to I. on the Hythe Road, 
and a little further turn to r. ; passing the station and through Kingsnorth, 
16^, the road gradually rises to Bromley Green, 18, whence there are 
a couple of descents to Ham Street : pretty good road. 

Ham Street to Brenzett Corner (4| — 24f) ; cross the Royal 
Military Canal, and over Stock Bridge, 22, through Snave, 23f, and 
Brenzett, 2'45; level road. At Snave on I. through Ivychurch to New 
Romney, 8m. 

Brenzett Corner to Rye (Si— 33)— p. 251. 

[Or from Ham Street turn to r. and pretty good road through Wareborn 
to Ajjpledore, 4J— 24|, whence to Bye, 6 — 30f — p. 251.] 

CANTEEBUEY TO NEV/ENDEN. 

Canterbury to Ashford (13|)— p. 254. 

Ashford to Bethersden, Oh. (5f — 19^) ; in Ashford turn to r. on the 
Charing road, and at the end of the town turn to Z. ; good and nearly level 
by Buckford Mill, 1572- (keep to r.), to Great Chart, 16^, through which is a 
short rise, then level and indifferent road, in wet weather heavy and greasy, 
by New Street, 17^, beyond which keep to r. by Worse Bridge, 18^. [Or /. 
byCablehook, 17f, and Marlin Green, 18|, to Bethersden, 19|. Returning, 
on entering Bethersden, also ^m. farther on keep to r., and not go past 
the c/t.] At Marlin Green on I. sharp fall to Brissenden Bridge, |-m., and 
then uphill, with a descent into Woodchurch, 3^. 

Bethersden to Tenterden (6^ — 26) ; out of the former is a stiff 
descent with rough surface, and after l^m. of pretty level but still bad 
and heavy going, is another rather steep and longer descent, followed by a 
iono- gradual rise with better surface to High Halden, 22^, and then level 
through Hocksted Green, 23, London Beach, 23f , Bird's Isle or Boar's 
Isle, 24| (except a short fall and rise at St. Michael's, 24f), and Callow's 
Green, 25i (keep to r.). 

Tenterden, p. 10. 

Tenterden to Holvenden (3 — 29) ; gradual downhill for a mile out 
of Tenterden, ending with a steep fall to Ashbourne Mill, 27^, then more or 
less uphill through Strood or Stroud Quarter, 28 : bad road. 

Rolvenden to Newenden (3 — 32) ; keeping to r. of the ch., there 
is a long stiff descent out of Rolvenden followed by a short pull up, and 
downhill to Hexden Bridge, 31 ; again a short rise, at the top of which join 
the London road, and downhill into Newenden : bad surface. 

CANTERBURY TO BRIGHTON. 

Canterbury to Chilham (5|) — p. 254. 

Chilham to Challock Lees (4^ — 10) ; keep to r. past -Chilham 



256 

Castle, and it is generally a good hard road, rising steadily to Moldash, 9, 
with, a flteep descent to Challock Lees. 

Challock Lees to Charing, Ch. (3f — 13|) ; slight gradual rise by 
Paddock Street, 11, to Stockwood Head, 12f, whence is a very steep descent 
into Charing ; generally good road. Returning, at Stockwood Head keep 
to r. [Or past Chilham by 2nd turn on r., by Shottenden Thorn, 8, 
Bound Gate, 10|, to Stockwood Head, 13|.] 

{Charing : Swan, recom. C.T.C.) 

Fine view from Stockwood Head; Canterbury Cathedral is to be seen. 

Charing to Smarden (7^—21); fairly level to Little Chart, 16, 
through which is a short stiff pull, and presently a sudden and very steep 
descent through and out of Pluckley, 17, after which it is nearly level by 
Ovens Green, 18^, Maltmans Hill and Biddenden Green, 19f : good surface. 

Past Little Chart, on I., Cale Hill; a little farther Surrenden. 

Smarden to Biddenden (3| — 24|) ; turn to I., and the road is good 
to Standen, 23|, then rather rough ; all level. Eeturning, turn to I. at 
Biddenden, and nearly Im. farther (2nd fork) to r. 

Biddenden to Milkhouse Street (4 — 28|) ; in Biddenden turn to 
r. ; all but level to Three Chimnies, 26 (keep to Z.), and after a sharp fall 
the rest is nearly all a long rise : not good surface. 

[Or ^. past Pluckley turn to r., and the descent is followed by an 
ascent, then level for 2m. by Hoghill Green, descent to Hadman's Bridge, 
21, and chiefly uphill to Three Chimnies, 24^. 

Or at the 2nd fork road beyond Smarden keep to r., joining the last 
road ^m. past Hadman's Bridge, to Three Chimnies, 2o|.] 

Milkhouse Street to Cranbrook (11—30^); nearly level through 
Willesly Green, 29j, where keep to I., with fall into the town. 
Cranbrook, p. 13. 

Cranbrook to Hartley m — 31|); long rise through and out of 
Cranbrook. 

Hartley to Highgate (21— 341)— p. 14. 

Highgate to Hurst Green (3| — 37f ) ; steep descent from High- 
gate, then up through Hawkhurst, 35 (keep to r.), and from Scales Crouch, 
oof (keep to I.), downhill to Bother Bridge, 36|, and uphill by Kingshill 
7!/., 36f, and Cooper's Corner, 37^, where join the Flimwell road on r. 

(Hiirst Green: George, G.T.C.) 

Hurst Green to Burwash Wheel (6 — 43|); turn to r. and shortly 
a descent to Etchingham, 39^^, then mostly uphill to Burwash, 41f, and 
level to Burwash Wheel. 

Burwash Wheel to Cross-in-Hand Tp. {b^—49h); almost level 
through Milkhurst Toll, 45^, and by Heathfield Tower Hill", 47f . 

Cross-in-Hand Tp. to Bingmer (9^ — 59); over Waldron Down 
to Blackboy Tjd., 51|, then downhill past Blackboy, 52^, to Stone Bridge, 
52f, and up and down, mostly the latter, over Eason's Green, 53f, Terrible 
Down, 55j, and by Short Gate Tp., 56 : very heavy going. Returning, just 
beyond Ringmer keep to I., and |w. before Cross-in-Hand, to r. 

Ringmer to Lewes, T.H. (2| — 61^) ; pretty nearly level for l^m., 
past Ringmer Tg., o9|, then a steep descent through Cliff, 60 (where keep 
10 r.), to E. Ouse at the entrance of Lewes, and after crossing the river a 



257 

very steep hill to clliub tlirongli the town. Returning, at the top of the 

hiir above Cliff, keep to r. 

At Eingmer, Im. on I., Glyndbourn. At the top of the hill, on r., Mailing Ho, 

Lewes, p. 22. 

Lewes to Brighton, Aquarium (8^— 69f); long stiff ascent continued 
cut of Lewes, then undulating past Ashcombe T^., 63^, with another Ipng 
hut easy ascent to Falmer, 65^, whence it is almost all downhill _ into 
Brighton to the junction with the London road at St. Peter's ch. ; it is an 
easy ride between the two towns in either direction : capital surface all 

the way. 

Beyond Falmer, on r., Stanmer Park. Brighton, p. 25. 

CANTEEBURY TO BRIGHTON (by Lamberhurst). 

Canterbury to Milkhouse Street (28|)— pp. 255-6. 
Milkhouse Street to Goudhurst (4| — 33j) — p. 13, reversed ; keep 
straight on at the cross roads beyond Milkhouse Street. 

Goudhurst to Lamborhurst (3^ — 36f ) ; out of Goudhurst is the 
long descent of Clay Hill, the first part best walked down, to the bridge over 
B. Teise nearly hn. out of the town, then more or less uphill for 2rn. more, 
when turn to Z., and there is a very steep ^m. descent into Lamberhurst, 
■which requires careful riding ; good surface. 

Lamberhurst, p. 12. 

Lamberhurst to Wadhurst (4^ — 41) ; in Lamberhurst take the 
right-hand road up a stiff, winding, and narrow hill, at the top of which 
keep to r. again, then after a short fall there is another steep hill to climb, 
find the rest pretty level through Coursely "Wood Street and Turners 
Green, to Sparrows Green, at the entrance of the village, which is on the 
I. : narrow and rough roi^d. 

[Or from Goudhurst turn to Z., near top of Clay Hill, and walk down 
steep descent to Rise Bridge, d^i, then uphill to Stents Corner, 'Soj, where 
keep to r., and steep descent to Beal's Bridge, 36j, then short steep ascent, 
at the top of which turn to Z., and level for l^m. to junction of above road, 
^m. before Coursely Wood Street, whence to Wadhurst, 40f .] 

(Wadhurst: Greyhound.) 

Wadhurst to Mayfleld (5 — i6) ; coming back on the London road 
to Sparrows Green, turn to the I., and Im. further to I. again, whence it is 
downhill to Fidebrook, 44, then half up and half down to Coggingsmill 
Street, 45, and uphill into Mayfield ; this is not a main highway. [The 
main road is very circuitous ; from Sparrows Green keep straight on over 
a pretty level road to Mark Cross Tp., 45, whence on Z. to Mayfield, 48, as at 
p. 17. Fine views.] 

Mayfield to Cross-in-Hand Tp. (6— 52)— p. 17. 

Cross-in-Hand Tp. to Brighton (201— 72^)— p. 25G ; at Cross-in- 
Hand turn to r., or about ^m. before it tui-n to r. to Waldron Do'wn, saving Im, 

FAVERSHAM TO ASEFORD. 

Faversham to Challock Lees (6f) ; through Preston, ^ (wliere 
©ros3 the London road), and ISTorthstreet, 2j, the road is undulatijig to 

8 



258 

Sheldwicli, 3, then downhill to Sheldwich Lees, 3|, and it rises gradually 
through Baddlesmere Lees, 4f , Bound Gate, 5|-, and Pearfield Green, 6. 
At Sheldwich, on I., Lees Coiirt. 

Challock Lees to Ashford (6 — I2f ) ; slightly uphill for l\m., 
through Challock "Wood, then long descent, skirting Eastwell Park on r., 
through Boughton Lees, 9J, and undulating through Goatly's Lees, lOi 
(turn sharp to I.), and across Kennihgfcon Common, 10|, and through 
By brook, 12. Returning, ^m. past By brook keep to I. 

AsMord, p. 8. 

MAIDSTONE TO KEY STREET. 

Maidstone to Key Street (9f ) ; out of the town there is a long but 
not steep hill to Pennenden Heath, 1^, after mounting which a very good 
road, on a slight incline, runs to Deptling, 2|-, where there is a loose and 
rough hill, nearly a mile long, and very steep (dangerous to ride down 
returning) ; capital view ; from the top is a continuous run of downhill, 
but not a good road, through Stockbury Valley, 6|, and Danaway, 8|. 

Beyond Maidstone, on r., Vinters Hall. At Penueuden Heath, on r., 
Newnham Court. 

MAIDSTONE TO BRIGHTON. 

Maidstone to Teston (4) ; take the London road back through the 
town, and after crossing B. Medway keep to I. past the Bower, ^, and the 
road is uphill on to Barming Heath, 2, then down past Barming Cross, 2^, 
to Barming, 3, and fairly level to Teston. 

At Teston, on r., Barham Court. 

Teston to Mereworth Cross (3—7) ; by Wateringbury Cross, 5, 
and Wateringbury, 5|. 

Before Mereworth, on L, Mereworth Place. 

Mereworth Cross to Tunbridge (7| — 14^) ; turn sharp on I., and 
through Goose Green, 9^, Hadlow Common, and Hadlow, 10^, is rather 
hilly ; awkward descent l^m. before Tunbridge. Returning, afWr crossing 
the river in Tunbridge turn to r. 

Tunbridge, p. 12. 

Tunbridge to Tunbridge Wells (5f— 20) -p. 15. 

Tunbridge Wells to Uckfleld (14^ — 34|), crosses the Sussex 
Wealds, and is very bad and hilly ; passing the Frant road on the /. and 
leaving the Common on the r., there are a couple of hills to cHmb, the 
second a very steep one, to Bridge Green, 22|, then a stiff descent to 
Hamsell Bridge, 24, after which is another long pull up to Boarshead 
Street, 25^, again a little downhill to Steel Cross, 26 (where keep to r. and 
directly after to I.), and finally a very steep hill with loose and rough 
surface, riding up (or down) which is out of the question, past Boxes Gate, 
26^, and Crowborough Cross (or Mitl), 27, to Crowborough Beacon Tg., 28; 
thence a fall and rise up to Pound or Crowborough Gate, 29^, from which 
is a steep descent about Im. long and the rest is nearly all an easy down- 
hill and capital road by Handle (or Htiudell) Gate, 31, Cooper's Green, 33, 
and Eingles Cross, 33t : beautiful scenery. Returning, at Hingles Cross 
keep to r. 



259 

Crowborougli Beacon, on r., is the highest point in Sussex, 1400ft. high. At 
Eindge Green, on I., Bridge New Park and Castle. At Cooper's Green, on l^ 
Buxted Place. Uckfield, p. 19. 

[There is another road by turning to the r. at the entrance of Tunbridgo 
Wells, over Eushall Common, by Grips Cross, 21^, Lengthington Green, 
21f , with a long descent to Groombridge, 23|, out of which keep to r., then 
to I. at Florence Farm, 24j, and mostly uphill through Frayers Street, 27^, 
to Ashdown Forest, where at 30m. join the road from Hartfield on r., 
whence by Duddleswell Gate, 30 j, and Maresfield, 33^, to Uckfield, 35 j, as 
at p. 19.] 

Uckfield to Lewes (8|— 42f)— p. 22. 

Lewes to Brighton, Aquarium [S^ — 51) — p. 257. 

MAIDSTONE TO LAMBERHURST. 

Maidstone to Teston (4) — p. 258. 

Teston to Yalding (3 — 7) ; entering Teston turn to I., and after 
crossing J^. Medway there is a long steep hill to mount to Yalding Down, 
followed by downhill, the last part very steep, into Yalding. 

Yalding to Horsemonden (6| — 13^) ; after crossing B. Beult keep 
to Z., and thi-ough Denover Street, 8 (just beyond keep to L), and the road 
is fairly level to beyond Gafford's Bridge, 11 {B. Teise), then chiefly uphiL 
to Horsemonden. 

Horsemonden to Lamberhurst (31 — 16J); out of tbe former a 
sbort fall and rise, then turn to r., and there is a steep descent, and the 
rest undulating, with a sbarp fall into Lamberhurst. 

[Or out of Yalding keep to r., and over Lattingford Bridge, 7f , to 
junction with road on r. from Wrotham, whence to Lamberhurst, through 
Beltering Green, Homebusli Green, and Brenchley.] 

MAIDSTONE TO GOUDHURST. 

Maidstone to Stile Bridge (5^)— p. 10. 

Stile Bridg;e to Marden (2| — 7f ) : past Stile Bridge keep to r., and 
through. Underbill Green, 6 j ; level road with one or two easy rises ; 
entering Marden turn to r. 

Marden to Goudhurst (4J — 12); undulating road by Marden 
Beach, 9, and Winchet Hill, lOf , with long steep ascent to Goudhurst. [Or 
to Horsemonden, 135 (above), thence (keeping to I.) very hilly, 2m. beyond 
joining the London road on r., and after crossing B. Teise the very steep 
ascent of Clay Hill to walk up into Goudhurst, 3 — 16j.] 

MAIDSTONE TO TUNBRIDGE WELLS (by Hale Street). 

Maidstone to Teston (4)— p. 258. 

Teston to Hals Street (4 — 8) ; by Wateringbury Cross, 5 (turn to 
Z.), Nettlested, 6, and JSTettlested Green, 7, joining the road from Wrotham 
on r. ^n. before Hale Street : undulating road. 

Hale Street to Pembiiry Green (6| — 14^) ; crossing B. Medwaj, 

82 



2G0 

follow the Brenchley road for a mile, then turn to r., and for 2m. the road 
is fairly level, then a stiff rise at Colts Hill, 11^, and tlie rest is on a gentlo 
rise by Lower Pembury Green, 13f . 

At Hale Street, on r., to Hadlow, 2|i/i. 

[Or from Teston to Yalding (3 — 7) — p. 259; at the latter, after crossing 
Ti. Beult, keep to r., and over Lattingford Bridge, 7f, and l^m. further join 
the above road ; level from Yalding ; same distance.] 

Pembury Green to Tunbridge Wells (3— l?^); at Wood's Tg., 
15^, turn to I., and the road is nearly all on the rise to Tunbridge V/ells. 

HASTINGS TO BRIGHTON (by Horsebridge). 

- Hastings to Battle, entrance of (7j) ; long steep hill to climb oufc 
of Hastings to Fairlight Down, l^- (where keep to I.), the rest up and down 
hill, but nothing difhcult, by Ore, 2}, Beauport, 4|, and Rose Green, G^ : 
rather lumpy in places. See also p. 15. 
Battle, p. 14. 

Battle to Ninfield (3^—10^) ; turn to I. at the bottom of the hill 
entering Battle, and the road is rather up and down hill through Catsfield 
Green, 9|-, with a stiff pull up to Nin field. 

[Or go through Battle, then keep to I., and again Ifwi. further, joining 
the other road just before Catsfield Green, llf. 

Or irovci Hastings to Bexhill {b\) — p. 252 ; there turn to r., and after 
descent from Beshill is mostly uphill through Sidlcy Green, 6|-, to 
Luntsford Cross, 8, and then level through Ninfield Green, 9|,to Nlnfield, 10.] 

Ninfleld to Gardner's Street (5| — 161) ; in ISTinfield keep to ?., 
and from Standard Hill, llf , there is a descent to Boreham Bridge, 13]-, 
then a stiS mount to Boreham Street, 14J, and almost level following the 
ridge, through Windmill Hill, 14j. 

At Boreham Street, on I., by Wartling, 1|, to Pevensey, 4}. 

Beyond Mnfield, l^m. oa r., Ashburnliam Park and Ho. At Wiadmill Hill, 
oa I., Hurstmonceax Park and Castle ruins. 

Gardner's Street to Horsebridge (4 — 20j) ; taking the left hand 
road, there is a good descent, then very undulating over Magham Down, 
17|^, and through Amberstone Gate, 18 j-. 

Horsebridge to Bingmor (8| — 28|); beyond Horsebridge keep to 
I., and after mounting a very stiff hill it is a capital undulating road over 
Dicker Common, Burg Hill, 23\ (keep to I.), Stone Cross, 24.V, and Laughton 
Pound, 25^, joining the Tunbridge road on r. ^m. before Ringmcr. 

Ringmer to Brighton (101—39^)— pp. 256-7. 

LEWES TO EASTBOUENE (by Glynd). 

Lewes to West Firle (4V) ; cross K Ouse, and through Cliff, |, 
where turn to r., and through Southerham, 1^, and Glynd, 3g (turn to r.) ; 
good undulating road. [Or at Cliff turn to I., and at the top of the hill keep 
to r., to E-ingmer Gate, 2, where again to r., to Glynd, 4 : very hilly road.] 

Before Glyud, on l.. Mount Caburn, on which is an old beacon. At Glynd, oa 
I., Glynd Place, and Iw. from Hingmer Gate, on L, Glyndbourn. At West Rixle, 
on I., Firle Place. 



261 

West Firle to Polegate Green (8— 12|) ; rather hilly to Bopeep 
Gate, 6|, where turn to I., and fairly level over Berwick Common to Chilver 
Bridge, 7i (7^. Cackmere), then hilly again to Polegate Green : good surface. 

Polegate Green, p. 18. 

Polegate Green to Eastbourne (3^—16) — p. 18. 
CUGKFIELD TO BATTLE. 

Cuckfleld to K?,y ward's Heath (2) ; chiefly downhill through 
Butlers Green, 1|-, keeping to r. at the entrance of the Heath just beyond. 

Hayward's Heath to Chaiiey Common, King's Head (5 — 7) ; 
crossing the London road a little on r., about a mile beyond is a stiif rise 
lip to Beadles Hill, then down and up to Skeims Hill, 4|, steep fall to 
l*ellmgs Bridge, 5|, aiul inse up to tlic Common. 

Chaiiey Common to Maresfleld, Cross {o\ — 12^); pretty level to 
beyond Newick Green, 9, then descent to Gold Bridge, 9^, and rather hilly 
over Grislauds Common and Pilt Down, lO.j, Batts Hill, 11, and Batt3 
Bridge, II5, whence a stiff hill up to Maresfleld : good road. 

At the beginning of Pilt Down, on I., to Fletching, hn. ; on r. by 
Sliorfc Bridge to Uckjield, 2|. 

At Maresfleld on r. Maresfleld Park. 

Maresfleld to Cross-in-Hand Tp. (7f — 20) ; in Maresfleld turn to 
r. by the ch., down a short stiff hill to the Mill Pond, hn. (beyond which 
keep to middle road), by Cooper's Green, VS}, Buxted Bridge Tg., 14^, 
after which are two or three steep hills up and down to negotiate by 
Pound Green, 15|, Five Chimneys House, 16, Curtain Hill or Hadlow 
Down, 17, Hadlow, 17|^, Croust Corner, 18^ (keep to r.), and Gate House, 
19i (keep to l). 

Beyond Cooper's Green, on r., Buxted Place. 

Cross-in-Hand Tp. to Wood's Corner (8 — 28) ; turn to I., and 
again to I. about ^m. further; pretty level by Heathfleld Tower Hill, 2lf, 
to Half Moon Inn, 22, a little beyond which turn to r., and a steep descent 
skirts Heathfield Park on r., to Cade Street, 23^, thence hilly and not a 
good road by the Chapel, 23|, Punnets Town, 21.^, Three Cup^ Corner, 25j, 
and Dallington, 27i-. 

At the Chapel on r. to Warbleton, llm. ; and to Rushlake Green, 1|, 
whence by Foul Mile, 3, Cobeech, 4^*-, and on I. to Stunts Green, 5|, to 
Oardner's Street, 65-. 

At Wood's Corner, on I., to Rose Hill Park, Brightlin!^, l|»i. On r,, by 
Fonts Green, to Ashbarnhara, 4in. At Cade Street, the rebel Jack Cade was 
killed, 1450. 

Wood's Corner to Battle (6 — 34); level for l|»i., then descent to 
Darvel Hole, 30, and ascent to Netherfleld Gun, 30|, level to Netherfield 
Toll, 31f, and mostly downhill through Streem, 33|-, to Battle. 

Beyond Wood's Corner, on I., BrightUng Park. Boiutifal scenery. Battle, p. 1\ 

TUNBRIDGE WELLS TO FOREST ROW. 

Tunbridge Wells to Groombridge (3|)— p. 259. 
Groombridge to Hartflold (4] — 7f ) ; out of Groombridge keep to 



262 

r., and uphill to Florence Farm, 4^ (keep to r.), then pretty level except 
descent into Withyham, 6|. 

At Groombridge on I. to Hamsell Bridge, 2m., very hilly. 

Before Withyham, on I., Buckhurst Park. 

Hartfleld to Forest Row (4^ — 12) ; beyond Hartfield keep to r., 
and it is a rather hilly road. 

GRAVESEND TO WROTHAM. 

Gravesend to Meopham (5}) ; turn to r. from the London road 
past the railway station, and nearly a mile further is an easy rise, with 
a short fall to Northumberland Bottom, If, then the road rises gradually 
through Nursted, 3f , and Hook Green, 4\ ; very good surface. 

Im. oat of Gravesend, on r., New Ho. Before Nursted, ou I., Nursted Court. 
Meopham is pronounced Mep-ham. 

Meopham to Wrotham (bl — 10|) ; the road continues on the rise 
till beyond Meopham Green, 6, then fairly level through Culversore Green, 
7 1, to Vigo, 8.f, half a mile beyond which a steep descent begins, on which 
keep to r., running under the side of the hill for a mile, with short fall into 
Wrotham; prettv good road. [Or at Vigo turn to I., down the hill to the 
•• Kentish Drover," 9^] 

DARTFOHB TO SEVENOAKS. 

Dartford to Farniagham (5^) ; by Hawley, 1^, through Sutton 
Place, 2j, Subton-afc-Hone. 2f, and Sutton Street, B^-, is a splendid road, 
though rather undulating, along the valley of the Darenfc R. 

On r., VVilningfcon Ho., Summerhill, Oakfield Lodge, and Ilawley Ho. 
rarningliam, p. 7. 

Farningham to Otford (5^ — 10|) ; in Farningham turn to I., cross 
/Z. Darent, and out of the town turn to r. ; rather hilly road through Eynes- 
ford, 6i, and up the Darent valley; just before Otford turn to r., and 
ilescent into it. [l^-w. before Otford on r. to Shoreham, jm.l 

Beyoud Eynesford, on r., Lullingstone Park and Castle ; another mile, 
Shoreha mCastle. 

Otford to Sevenoaks (3 — 131) ; turn to I. in Otford and almost 
level *o Sevenoaks Station, 125-, and a long stiff hill up into Sevenoaks. 
Sevenoaks, p. 11. 

CRAYFORD TO GREEN STREET GREEN. 

Crayford to Bexley (1|) — p. 7. 

Bexley to St. Paul's Cray (3^ — 4|) ; in Bexley turn to I., cross R. 
Cray, aud through North Cray, 3 {-im. further cross Eltham and Farning- 
ham road), is a capital smooth road, almost level. 

Beyond Bexley, on I., Mount Mascal. On r., North Cray Place. 

St. Paul's Cray to Green Street Green (4— 8f ) ; through the 
long, straggling, and narrow villages of St. Mary's Cray, 5f, and Orpington, 
0^,is a good smooth road with slightly upward gradient : at end of St. 
^lary's Cray turn to I., then to r. 

(Orpington : White Hart) 

A.t Orpington, on r., Broom llill 



263 



GUILDFORD TO MAIDSTONE. 

Gruildford to Dorking (12) ; out of Guildford take the Leatherhead 
road on r., good and level or slightly uphill to Merrow, 2, then turn to r. 
before the ch., and it is a long uphill to'Newland's Corner, 3|. From Newland*3 
CoiTier there is a steep descent, rough in places, and best walked down, 
about Im. long, then almost level through Shere, 5^, Gomshall, 6^, and 
Abinger Hammer, 7, to Crossways Farm, 7f , but the surface is inclined to 
be heavy and muddy ; thence an easy ascent, followed after a little level 
past Wotton Hatch, 9i, by a steep descent which requires careful riding, 
being rather rough and narrow at the bottom ; directly after occurs a short 
but rough aud stOny rise, and the rest is nearly all more or less downhill 
through Westgate Street, 10|-, and over Milton Heath to Dorking ; good 
surface for last 5m. [Or in Guildford halfway down the hill turn to Z. into 
Quarry street, taking the Cranleigh road ; the pavement soon ends and 
tJiere is a short descent out of the town, then fairly level through Shalford, 
1, beyond which, after crossing the railway, turn to I. along Shalford 
Common and again to I. then to r., over a level railway crossing at 3f , past 
Chilworth Station, 3f , whence the road is more undulating through Alburj; 
5^, and skirting Albury Park on r., where it joins the upper road fm 
before Shere, 7 : good road but apt to be heavy and muddy when wet.] 

(Wotton Hatch : Evelyn Arms. — Dorking, p. 29.) 

Pine view from Newland's Comer ; l§m. S. W., the ruins of St. Martha's Chape», 
In Albury Park, the Silent Pool. Abinger ch., Im. on r., ia early English. 

Dorking to Reigate (6|- — ISi) ; a mile out of Dorking the roaa 
takes a sudden turn to I., down a sharp but short dip which should be 
ridden carefully, then cross U. Mole and keep to r. over a good but rather 
hilly road through Betchworth, 15, and Buckland, 15f , with a very stiff pull 
up to Reigate Heath, 17, whence the surface is macadam into Eicigate. 

2m. out of Dorking, on r., Betchworth Park and ruins of Castle. At 
Betchworth, on L, Tranquil Dale ; in the village, on r., a fine old cTi., Moor Place, 
Wonham Manor, and Broome Hall. 2m. beyond it, at Leigh, ia Swain's Farm, 
an Elizabethan mansion. Eeigate, p. 27. 

Reigato to Red Hill (2 — 20?) ; out of Eeigate there is a hill to mount 
and about fm. beyond the town keep to Z., and it is mostly a slight decline 
into Red Hill : good road. 

Red Hill, p. 24. 

Red Hill to Godstone Green, ms. (4| — 2.5) ; straight across the 
London road, under the railway, then a very steep hill to walk up (dangerous 
to ride down), from the top of which the road is up and downhill but nothing 
difficult, through j^utfield, 22|-, and Blefcchingley, 2'dl\ good gravel surface. 

Bletchinglej formerly was a town with 7 churches and a castle, which latter 
was destroyed 1263, and is only represented by a mound. Godstone, p. 21. 

Godstone Green to Westerham, 3/.P. (7 — 32) ; at Godstone Green 
turn to I., and follow the London road back to Tyler's Green, 2bj, then turn 
to r. by the sign-post ; through Oxtead, 2 7f, and Limpsfield, (end of) 29, 
and across the Common, good surface throughout, but there are several 
steep hills in each direction, and the descents require careful riding. 



264 

Im. beyond Godstone Green, on I., Rooksnesfc il). Im. before Oxfcead, on r. 
^m., in Tandridge churchyard, a large yew tree. Westerham, p. 19. 

Westerham to River Head (4\ — 36 1) ; leaving Westerham turn 
to Z., and through Brasted, 33J, Sandridge, 8i|-, and Bessells Green, 35|, 
is a good smooth road and easy going. 

(Brasted : White Hart.) 

A little beyond Westerham, on r., Hill Park. After Brasted, on 7*., Brasted 
Place 5 on /., Comb Bank. At Bessells Green, on L, Chipstead Place j on r. 
Montreal Place. Eiver Head and Seyenoaks, p. 11. 

River Head to Ightham (6 — 42^) ; turn to Z. and directly after to 
r., and the road is level and good for a mile beyond Sevenoaks Station, 
37|, then a long ascent through and out of Seal, 39^, on to Seal Chart, 40, 
across -which and Ightham Common the road is level for about 2ni., followed 
by a long descent into Ightham : good smooth surface. Pretty country. 

Beyond Eiver Head, on r., Bradboui-n Ho. Beyond Sevenoaks Station, on Z., 
Greatness. Afc Seal, on r., Wilderness, Ightham, p. 16. 

Ightham to Wrotham Heath, Eoyal Oak {3} — 45|) ; through 
Ightham turn to r. ; through Bjrough Green, 43.V, a very good road bub 
hillj. 

Wrotham Heath to Maidstone, Eain's Cross (8}^54) — p. 7. 

STAINES TO BUOMLEY AND FOOT'S CSAY. 

Staines to Hampton (7); coming through the town Londonwards, 
turn to r. just beyond the railway, along Knowles Green, then short but 
stiff rise and fall over a railway bridge, after which the road is level by 
Ashford Ford, If, except a railway bridge at Sunbury Station, 4, and a 
short fall approaching Hampton : very often the greater part of this road 
is extremely loose and sandy, especially in dry weather. 

Beyond Sunbury Station, on I., Kempton Park Bncccourse. 

Hampton to Kingston M.P. (2^ — 9}) ; level but generally sandy 
and heavy after leaving Hampton to Hampton Court, 8, whence to 
Kingston — p. 37. At Kingston Bridge macadam begins, and continues 
through the town. 

Hampton Court, p. 37. — Kingston, p. 33. 

Kingston to Ewell (5^ — ^15) ; in Kingston turn to r. by the cli., and 
^m. further turn to Z. ; then there is a stiff ascent up Surbiton Hill, lO.V, 
at the top the road improves and is level for a short distance, followed by 
an easy fall, and the rest is undulating and capital going through Talworth, 
12, to Ewell, with a sharp descent into the town. 

Ewell, &c., p. 28. 

Ewell to Sutton, Cock Inn {3} — 18^) ; nearly through Ewell take 
left hand fork ; ^>7i. further the road begins to rise, and ends with a stilf 
pull through a cutting at Howell Hill, 10, with a fall on the other side and 
afterwards undulating, with good surface through Cheam, 17j ; sometimes 
rather rough and loose about Howell Hill. 

Sutton, p. 2G. 

Sutton to Croydon, George Street (4|— 22f) ; nearly lin. out of 
Sutton there is a stiffish descent, generally with rather loose surface, 



265 

affcer which ifc is an undulating and good road through Carshalton, 
19^, Wallington, 20, Beddington, 2i, and Waddon, 21f; enter 
Croydon by Church street, turning to r. beyond the ch., and mounting a 
short but very sharp pitch up Crown Hill to the London road, across which 
is George street : macadam through the town. 

(Carshalton: GreyliouncL — Croydon: p. 20.) 

Before Carshalfcon, on I., Carshfilton Ho. ; ia the village, on r., Carshalton 
Park. On L, Beddington Park and Waddon Coai'fc. Croydon, p. 20. 

[There is another road from Kingston by Merton, Double Gates, 14:}, 
reversing the route at p. 32 ; thence follow the Tooting road back for ^m., 
when turn to r. by a wood yard, and keeping to I., it is all level except a 
railway bridge, and pretty good road to Lowsr Mltcham, 17. Here keep 
straight on across the Green, to r. at the pond and when over the railway 
bridge to 7., and it is level across Mitcham Common, and to the beginning of 
Croydon, 202, which enter over Pitlake Bridge to Church street: sometimes 
rather loose and sandy across the Oommon, otherwise good.] 

Croydon to Beckenham, Ch. (4|— 27|); along George street, 
Addiscombe road (passing East Croydon Station), and Upper Addiscombe 
road, to Addiscombe, 23|-, where turn to I. (fifth turning past the station), 
into Havelock road, whence turn to r., and past Stroud Green, 24f, into 
Long Lane, and through Elmers End or Lower Elm End, 2Q\ : after getting 
clear of Croydon town, the macadam changes to a pretty good gravel and 
Hint road; in Beckenham the road twists about very much, and there is a 
short stiff rise up to the ch., otherwise almost level. 

{Beckenliam : llodway, Hqrs.) 

Beckenham to Bromley. 3/.^. (If— 29^-); turn to r. at Beckenham 
ch., and keep to Z. twice about ^m. further ; then there is a stiff ascent over 
Clay Hill, 281, and a good descent on the other side to Shortlands Station, 
281, whence into Bromley is a rather steep winding ascent (which requires 
very careful riding in descending) ; pretty good road : entering Bromley turn 
to r. [Or at Beckenham ch. keep straight on, and there is a fair road past 
Beckenham Place, with a good ascent and descent to Southend, 29, where 
turn to r. on to the London road from Le'.visliam, which follow as at p. 11 
to Bromley, 31^.] 

Bromley, p. 11. 

Bromley to Foot's Cray (5f — 35) ; in Bromley turn to I., and it is 
pretty level to Widmore, 30|- (where keep to I.), and there is a long descent, 
which should be ridden down carefully to Chislehurst Station, 31^, followed 
by a tremendously steep hill, ^m. long, to walk up to Chislehurst Common 
(cyclists should beware against trying to ride down this hill, as it is utterly 
impossible to do so with safety) ; after that is a good level road across the 
Common, thi^ough Chislehurst, 32^-, and Perry Street, 33j, to Sidcup, 34j, 
where join the London road, and a good downhill to Foot's Cray. 

Foot's Cray and Sidcap, p. 7. Beyond Widmore, on r., Bickley Park. At 
Chisleh'irsfc Common, on I., Camden Place. 

HOUNSLOW TO EEIGATE. 

Hounslow to Kingston, M.P. (5f) ; turn sharp to Z. entering 
HoTJDslow, and through Worton, ^, at the bridge a little farther on turn to 



266 

r., and past Queens Bridge, 1^, through Twickenham, 2J, whence run close 
to B. Thames, through Teddington, 4, to Hampton Wick, 6^, through which 
turn to I., and cross Kingston bridge into the town. Past Worton on i., 
through Isleworth to Brentford, 3^. 

(Twickenham: Kind's Head. — Hampton Wich : White Hart. — Teddington: 
Clarence. — Isleworth : Milford Arms. — Kingston : p. 27.) 

Kingston to Ewell (51— Hi)— p. 264. 

Ewell to Burgh Heath (3| — 14|) ; through Ewell, at the bottom 
of the hill on the Epsom road turn to I., and it is a good undulating road 
for 2m., then is a steep ascent to climb to Nork Park, 13|, and the rest is 
slightly downhill through Borough Street, 14|. 

Burgh Heath to Reigate, M.S. (5|— 20|)— p. 27. 

CRAWLEY TO HOUSHAM. 

Crawley to Horsham (7^) ; in Crawley turn to r., and ^m. further 
to I., then a moderate ascent and descent over Goff's Hill, and the rest is 
slightly undulating skirting the north side of St, Leonard's Forest, and 
through Roughey Street, 4| : perfectly good surface. 

KINGSTON TO LEATHEEHEAD. 

Kingston to Leatherhead (8j) ; from Kingston M.P. follow the 
Esher road for l^m., all macadam, then turn to L down the Brighton road, 
past the Surbiton race ground; a little further a stiff hill has to be 
mounted, and after a moderate descent the road is more or less uphill 
through Hook, 3^, to Telegraph Hill, 6^, then l^m. downhill, and the rest 
level, with a short pull up in the town; nothing very dilFicult in either 
direction ; splendid hard surface 

GUILDFOUD TO BRIGHTON. 

Guildford to Cranleigh (8|) ; in Guildford, halfway down the hill, 
turn to I. into Quarry street ; the pavement soon ends, and there is a short 
descent out of the town, then fairly level through Shalford, 1, over Shalford 
Common, to Stonebridge Bar, 2 ; from here, after crossing the river, canaJ., 
and railway all together, the road is gently undulating, with a rather 
upward tendency, and running close by the railway, canal, and river, 
through Bramley, 3^, to Rushwood (or Rushet) Common, 5, where keep to 
I., recross railway, river, and canal, and undulating to Cranleigh : flmt road 
with good smooth surface. Returning, keep to I. about 2^m. out of 
Cranleigh. [Or on Shalford Common take left hand road, and through 
Wonersh, 3, and Shambley Green, 4^, and Stroud Green, 5, rejoining the 
other road ^m. further on, to Cranleigh, 8| ; more hilly and not so smooth 
running as the other.] 

{Cranleigh : Onslow Arms.) 

Cranleigh to Rowhook (6|— 15|-); l^ni. beyond Cranleigh is a stiff 
rise and stift'er fall, otherwise mostly on a gradual incline, Avith good 
smooth surface, by Cranleigh Lane End, 12, to Ellens Green, 12f, where 
turn to I., and l^w. further join the road from Stone Street, and 



__267 

nndulating to Eowbook : after Ellens Green the surface deteriorates, and 
for the last l^m. is rough, and in Avet weather inclined to be greasy. 

[Or at Rushwood Common keep to r., and by Goose Green, 6^, Leather 
Bottle Tg., 7, Stovers Hill, 8^^, Aid/old Gross-wajs, 10, taking middle road, 
and Bucks Green, 13, to Bowkook, ISj.] 

Rowhook to Horsham (3| — 19); rather hilly road with rough 
surface, through Broadbridge Heath, 17f ; Horsham streets are narrow. 

2m. beyond Cranleigh, on r., lirookland. Ho. IJm. beyond Rowhook, ou I., 
Btrood ; before Broadbridge Heath, on I., Field Place. Horsham, p. 29. 

Horsham to Cowfold, Gh. (6|— 25f); rather hilly but good road, by 
Manning's Heath, 21^, Monks Gate, 225-, and Crab Tree, 24^, where there 
is a steep descent. 

Cowfold to Henfleld (4|- — 30^) ; good undulating road by Corner 
House Tg., 28, and Mock Bridge, 28f . 

Henfield to Piecombe, Plough (5| — 36^) ; a little beyond Henfield 
is an easy ascent to "Woodmancote, 31^, and a similar descent to Terrys Cross 
Tg.,32, then undulating to Shaves Wood cross roads, 33, (take turn to 7*.) and 
level to Poyning's Cross roads, where turn to I., to the bottom of Dale Hill, 
which is a long stiff climb Tip through Piecombe Street, 35f , good road. 

[Or at Shaves Wood keep straight on for Im. to the main London road at 
Muddles wood : but not so good road.] 

Piecom.be to Brighton, Aquarium (6 — 42|) — p. 25. 

GUILDFORD TO LEWES. 

Guildford to Cowfold, Gh. (25|)— above. 

Cowfold to Albourn Green (7| — 33y) ; follow the Henfield road 
to Mock Bridge, 28|, and ^m. further turn to I. and over Blackland 
Common, 30]-, and by High Cross, 32^; rather hilly road. 

Albourn Green to Ditchling (4 — 37^) ; level through West Town, 
33|, and Hurstpierpoint, 344, to Stonepound Gate, 35^, beyond which is a 
descent and ascent to Keymer, 36|, and rest level. 

Ditchling to Lewes, T.E. (7|— 14|) ; turn to r, and follow the 
Brighton road for nearly a mile to the foot of the South Downs, then turn 
to I., and it is an undulating road through Westmeston, 39, Middleton, 39^ 
and Piumpton, 40, to Oiiham Street, 43, where join the London road from 
Chailey on I. 

Lewes, p. 22. 

GUILDFORD TO BILLINGHURST. 

Guildford to Aldfold Cross-ways (10)— above. 

Aldfold Cross-ways to Billinghurst, Gh. (8^— 18^) ; keep to r. 
through Aldfold, 11, Loxwood Common, Loxwood, 12^, Round Street 
Common, 14^, Newpound Common, 16, and over New Bridge, 16|, entering 
Billinghurst at the south end. 

[Or to Bucks Green, 13 (above), then turn on r. by Maxfields Green, 
14|, to Buckman's Corner, 15|, whence to Billinghurst, 17f (pp. 30-1). 

Or to Ellens Green, 12|-, (p. 266); keep straight on and through 
Rudgwick, 13f, to Bucks Green, 14f.] 



268 

WINCHESTER TO BEIGHTON. 

Winoh ester to Petersfleld (18) ; leave Winchester by the main 
Aires ford, road, as to -which see page 39, and turn to r. about Qm. out of 
the town ; uphill and downhill over Longwood Warren, 4^, past Hockley 
Farm, 6, to Hinton Ampner, 8^, then through Bramdean, 9, perfectly level 
road to West Meon Hut or George Inn, 11 1 (where cross London to 
Fareham and Southampton road), after -which there is a long gradual ascent, 
then a fine run down Bordean Hill, 15, to Langrish, loj, through -which 
there is a slight hill to climb, followed by a nice run down to Strood 
Common, 16|, (now enclosed) whence it is slightly on the rise to Petersfleld ; 
usually splendid surface, except for a few patches of stones, but heavy in 
■wet weather. 

On r., Hinton Ho. Beyond Bramdean, on I., Woodcote Iln. ; a little further, 
on r., Brookwood Ho. At Borden Hill, on r., Borden Ho. Petersfleld, p. 36. 

Petersfield to Midhurst (9^—27^) ; keep to I. at the entrance to 
Petersfleld, following the London road back to Sheet Bridge, 19^, where 
turn to r., and through Rogate, 22 1, Trotton, 21|, and across Trotton 
Common is rather undulating. 

Midhurst, p. 34. * 

Midhurst to Petworth (6}— 33|); turn to I. for Easebourn, 28.^, 
where turn to r., and through Cowdry Park for Ihn., over Halfway Bridge, 
80|-, and through Tillington, 32f, is rather hilly and a moderately good road. 

Petworth, p. 35. Beyond Halfway Bridge, on Z., Pitt's Hill. 

Petworth to Fittleworth, Ch. (3-86|)— p. 35. 

Fittleworth to Pulborough (2f — 39|); at Fittleworth c7i. turning 
to I., shortly after to r., the downhill continues through and out of the 
village, followed by a rise on to Fittleworth Common, whence there is a 
descent through Stopham, 133, to the B. Arun, after crossing which the 
road is pretty level to Pulborough. 

{Fulhorough: Swan.) 

Pulborough to Storrington (4| — 41); except a long gradual riso 
beyond Wickfield Bridge, 40;}, it is a fairly level and good road over 
Wiggonholt Common, 42, Cootham Common, 42f, and Storrington Common. 

Entrance of Storrington on r., through Houghton to Arundel, S\, 
Ai Cootham Common, on r., Parham Park. 

Storrington to Washington Common (2^—46]-) ; out of 
Storrington is uphill over Sullington Common, and after a short descent, 
last Ij??!. level : good road. 

Washington Common to Steyning (4^— oO|); entering tlie 
Common, turn to r., and \m. further \n I. ; past Wiston Park, 48, and over 
Broadbourn Bridgv?, 49 1-, is a good road, with a few slight hills. Keturning, 
keep to I. past Broadbourn Bridge. 

Steyning to Old Shoreham, Gh. (4|— 55|) — p. 28. 

Old Shoreham to Brighton, Aquarium (6| — 62) ; reversing route 
on p. 253. 



269 

BRIGHTON TO BOGNOR. 

Brighton, Aquarium, to New Shoreham, Norfolk Bridge (6|); by 
the sea shore, along the parade or esplanade through Hove, 2, Portslade, 
iij, and by Kingston Lighthouse, 5, is a very good road, nearly all level. 

New Shoreham to Worthing, Station (6 — 12^) ; turn to r. at 
Norfolk Bridge, and directly after keep to I. ; level to Old Shoreham ch., 
7, turn to I., and cross R. Adur, and bear to r. at Lancing House, and sharp 
to I. through Upper Lancing, 8f , to Upper Cokeham, 10, where take right- 
hand turn, and Im. further on turn sharp on I. (straight on for Arundel) 
to Broadwater, 11^, where turn first to r. and then to I. 

Worthing, p. 30. 

Worthing to Littlehampton (10 — 21^); in Worthing turn tor., and 
from the end of the town there are two roads, one on I. through Groring, 
and the o'her through Broadwater, 12| (where keep to L), the latter being 
the better and a good road, and both joining again just before Highdown 
Hill, 16 ; thence through Hangleton, 16|-, and Preston, 18 ; all a fairly level 
road, with capital surface. [Or one can go to Goring and also from beyond 
Preston Corner by the coast road, but it is bad for bicycling, being mostly 
loose shingle. 

(Littlehampton: Norfolk; Terminus.) 

Littlehampton to Bognor (7 — 23J) ; through Atherington, 
IMiddleton, and Felpham, is very bad for bicycling, being a mere beach 
road of loose gravel. 

(Bognor : Norfolk.) 

ALUESFOED TO BISHOP'S WALTEAM. 

Alresford to Bishop's Waltham (10) ; in Alresford turn to I., and 
through Cheriton, 2\, over Mill Barrow Down, 5, and Steven's Do^vn, 7, 
where join the Winchester road on r. 

Ig^iJi. past Alresford, on r., Titchborno Ro. On Mill Barrow Down, on ?., 
Preshaw Ho. Afc Sceven's Do^vn, on r., Belmore Ho. At Bishop's Waltham, oa l,, 
Northbrook Ho. Bishop's Waltham, p. 42. 

V7IND30S, TO LEATHEHHEAD. 

Windsor to Egham (5) ; through Old Windsor Green, 2, and past 
the "Bells of Oiiseley," 3; a pretty road, but apt to be loose and dusty, 
and in wet weather heavy. 

Egham to Chertsey (4] — 9.]) ; in Egham turn to r., and through 
Thorps Lee, 6, and Thorpe, 7| ; fairly level. 
Chertsey, p. 38. 

Chertssy to GobTiam Street (7— 16^) ; through Addlestone, 10|-, 
over Crockford Bridge, 11^, Ham Hiw Common, through ByHeet, 13^ (turn 
to I.), and over Byfieot Bridge is a good undulating road ; ^m. before 
Cobham Street join the Ripley to Kingston road, and there is the steepish 
descent of Pain's Hill. 

(Addlestone : Duke's Head, B.T.C. — Cohham Street : White Lion.) 

Cobham Strest to Laatherheal (5| — 22^); take the right hand 
road, and through Cobham, 17, to Stoke D'Abernon, 18^, is fairly level, then 



270 

turn to I., and tlie road is rather undulating to Leatherliead. [Or through 
Sfcoke D'Abernon keep to r., and after a short roagh descent there is a long 
rise to work up, thence undulating.] 
Leatherhead, p. 29. 

FAHNHAM TO READING. 

Farnham to Odiham. (8) ; in Farnham turn to r. from the London 
road, and out of the town there is a long winding ascent past the Oastle 
and Farnham Park, continued with one or two rests for about 2^m., then a 
very stiff descent through Ewshot Street, 3^, to Crondall Marsh, 4, whence 
keeping to r. there is another uphill to Itchel Mill, 5, and the resb is 
undulating but much easier over Rye Common, and past Dogmersfield 
Park, 6, on r.; very good surface. 

Odiham, p. 52. 

Odiham to Hook (3 — 11); through Odiham the road bears tor., and 
is good and undulating through North Warnborough, 9 (cross canal, and 
^m. further keep to r.), and across Hook Common. 

Hook to Reading (10| — 21f) ; through Mattingley, 13, Heckfield, 
15, over Heckfield Common, through Riseley, 16|, over Sheep Bridge, 18, 
and by Three Mile Cross, 19|, undulating road but nothing difficult ; long 
gentle rise up to Heckfield Heath : good road for the most part, with 
perfect smooth surface. 

At Heckfield, on I., Highfield Park; farther, on r., Heckfield Place. At 
Pvsokfield Heath, a little on i., the Wellington Monument at Strathfields aye Park. 
Eeading, p. 88. 

BASINGSTOKE TO READING. 

Basingstoke to Riseley (9^); leaving Basingstoke turn to r. by 
the station, and through Chinham, 1, Old Basing Tp., 3, Saerfteld, 3|, 
Sherfield G-reen, 4 J, Strathfield Turgis, 6|, and over Heckfield Heath, an 
excellent smooth undulating road, with no hills. 

Beyond Strathfield Targis, on I., Strathfieldsaye Park. 

Bisoley to E-aading (5— 14J) — above. 

ALTON TO NSWBUEY. 

Alton to Basingstoke (lOf) ; near end of Alton tura to r., and 
through Lasham, 4, Herriard, 6|- , and Winslade, 85-. 

On r., Herx'iard Park. Beyond Winslade, on r., Hackwood Park. Basingstoke, 
p. 47. 

Basingstoke to Kingsclere (9;}— 20f) — p. 86. 

Kingsclere to N"ewbury (71—271); over Headley Common, 23, 
Knights Bridge, 24, and Greenham Heath, 25. 

At Greenham Heath, on r., Greenham Hn. ; on I., Adderbury Ho., Adderbury 
Lodge, Newton Ho., Sandleford Priory. Newbury, p. 88. 

KINGSCLERE TO WHITCHURCH. 

Kingsclere to Whitchurcli (8^) ; turn to I. by the ch. ; long ascent 
up to White Hill, 2^, then mostly downhill : good road. 



271 

WINCHESTER TO STOCKBRIDGE. 

Winchester to Stoekbridge (8|) ; through Week, 1, past Deluge 
Hut, 4^, and by Woolberry Hill, 7, several steep hills especially one down 
into Stoekbridge ; not very good surface, being rough and cut up, especially 
in wet weather : the greater part of it is very open and exposed. 

2m. before Stoekbridge, on i., Somboarn Park. 

STOCKBRIDOE TO LYNDHURST- 

stoekbridge to Romsey (10^) ; through King's Sombourn, 3, 
Timsbury, 8, and over Timsbury Bridge, 9, is an undulating and tolerably 
good road. 

l^m. beyond King's Sombourn, on L, Comptoa Ho. l^yn. further, on r,, 
Mofctisfont Ho. Komsey, p. 46. 

■Romsey to Cadnam (5| — 16) — p. 46. 

Oadnam to Lyndhurst (4 — 20); take ieft hand fork and it is a 
good, straight, and undulating road through the New Everest. Pretty 
scenery. 

Lyndhurst, p. 40. 

LYMINGTON TO POOLE. 

Lymington to Christchurch (12f ) ; at the end of Lymington turn 
to L; there are two or three ups and downs, but nothing difficult by Efford 
Mill, 2 (cross B. Avon), to Evelton Street, 2.^, then through Downton 
(Royal Oak), 5, to Milton, 7|,is almost level except a short but steep winding 
descent beyond Downton ; from Milton it is gently undulating with a sharp 
fall to and rise from Ohewton Ford, 8^, where a stream crosses the road in 
a deep gully, rendering a dismount necessary ; otherwise good smooth 
surface. Very pretty ride, but not easy to follow on account of the turns 
and absence of guide posts. 

Beyond Sfford Mill, on I., Everton Ho. Before Downton, on I., Newlands ; 
beyond, on r., Ashley Mount, At Chewton Bridge, on r., Hinton Admiral and 
ITlnton Ho,: l^m. further, on r., Belvidere ; on L, High Cliff. Christchurch 
p. 43. 

Christchurch to Bournemouth (5| — 18) ; for the first 3^7^. through 
Iford, 14^ (where cross i^. Stour), is almost level and a tolerably good road, 
though inclined to be loose and sandy ; then there is a very stilf hill to 
mount, and the surface becomes rongh and shaky approaching Bourne- 
mouth, and is rough and bumpy macadam through the town, entering 
which is a long descent. 

Bournemouth, p. 43. 

Bournemouth to Poole (7 — 25); steep ascent out of Bournemouth, 
then nearly level with a sharp fall to Parkstone Green, 23 ; the road is very 
bad, bemg rough and bumpy most of the way, and sometimes sandy. 

Poole, p. 43. 



PORTSMOUTH TO CIRENCESTER. 

Portsmouth to Titchfleld (7|) ; cross by the floating bridge ferr 
t© Gosportf -J, then through Porton, 1^, Brockhurst Tjp., 2f (turn to I 



I 



272 

RoTvnor, 3^, and Crofton, 6, good easy road, no hills but fairish descent into 
Titchfield/ 

Tichfield, p. 234.— Gosport, p. 43. 

Titchfleld to Botley (6— 13|), good road. 
{Botley : Railway.) 

Botley to "WincTiester (11 — 24|) ; good but hilly road by Fair Oak 
Inn. 17^, and through Twyford, 21|, to St. Cross. 23^, where join the road 
from Southampton, and level into Winchester. 

[Or from Gospori follow the London road back to Gold Harbour Tg., 10, 
as at pp. 41-2, then keep to r., and pn. further to I., and after mounting the 
hill there is a grand run down over Shidfield Common, then an undulating 
road, skirting the west- side of Waltham Chase, with perfect surface, to 
Bishop's Waltham, 13f ; from here over Gilbert Hill, 14|, by Belmore Ho., 
16|, and Whiteflood P.H., 18i, and through Morestead, 20|, to Winchester, 
23|-, is very hilly going over the downs. 

Or from Portsmouth follow the London road back to Cosham, 4|, — 
p. 86, then (keeping to I.) mount the steep, roughs and loose ascent of 
Portsdown Hill, with long descent down the other side to Southwick, 7f , 
then good and undulating to Wickham, 12|-, and Gold Harbour Tg., 12f. 

Or from Bisliop's Waltham turn to I. and through Upham and Twyford 
21, is a first rate undulating road, with very pretty scenery.] 

"Winchester, &c.. p. 39. — Wickham, p. 42. — Bishop's "Waltham, p. 42. 

Wincliester to Wherwell (10 — 34|) ; nearly through Winchester 
turn to Z., then to r. ; there is a long steep ascent out of the town (dangerous 
to ride down the reverse dhection) and the road continues up and downhill 
the whole way over Worthy Down, 27^ (where keep to I.), and Barton 
Stacey Down, 31. Returning, keep to r. out of Wherwell. 

Wherwell to Andover (3| — 38) ; out of Wherwell turn to r. up a 
steep hill (dangerous to ride down) and past Harewood Forest and over 
Bare Do\Tn ; a hilly road. Returning, in Andover turn to r. 

Andover, p. 58. 

Andover to Ludgershall (7i — 45|) — p. 84; in Andover turn to Z. 

Ludgershall to Burbage (7 — 52^); about 2??z. beyond Ludgershall, 
on the Up Avon road, turn to r. at the bottom of a stiff hill, and through 
CoUingbourn Ducis, 48j, Collingboui-n Sutton, 48f , Collingbourn Kingston, 
49^, and Marr Green, 61|, is a good road, the last 6m. pretty level. Return- 
ijig, about 1:5^1. out of Burbage turn to I. instead of going over the Downs. 
[Or follow the hilly Up Avon road across the Downs to East Everley, 49f , 
entering which turn to r. and it continues very hilly till clear of the DoAvns, 
joining the other road l:jm. before Burbage, 55|^.] 

At East Everley, on I., Everley Ho. 

Burbage to Marlborough (6 — 58^); the road continues good 
through Steep Green, 52f (keep to Z.), and over Burbage Common to the 
canal, beyond which is the long and steep ascent of Leigh Hill, with a gate 
in the middle of it, which is generally shut, then good undulating road 
skirting the W. side of Savernake Forest to within l^m. of Marlborough, 
where is long winding descent which requires careful riding. 

At Steep Green, 2m. on r., Tottenham Park. Marlborough, p. 89. 

Marlborough to Swindon (11 — 69^) j leaving Marlborough, keep 



273 

fco t*., and throuf^h Oojbonrn St. Aiidi-ews.. 'oOi. Oobourn St. Georpf^, 6lf, 
and Chisledon, 64|-, is a :;api jal road mt^h no diiScult hills. [Or by the left 
hand road is more hilly, over Marlboroiio^h Common and Ogbonrn Downs 
(end of, 63^^), whence there is asr-eep descent:, and then thronghBiirdroD Tv., 
6ol, and Wroughcon, bd|, more level. Or at Chisledon burn to I. to Burdrop 
Tp., 66i: 

On r,, Burdrop Pars. At Chisledon, on r.,Liddington Castle, an old hill fori, 
Swindon, p. 101. 

Swindon to Cricklade (S^ — 77^) ; nndulabing and good flint road 
by Cold Harbour Inn, 73^, — beyond which is a steep descent — Water Eaton, 
76, and Corkett, 7Sf. E,eturning.. the second road to the r. must be taken, 
past Cold Harbour Inn. 

(Qric/clade : White Hart ; White Horse, B.T.C.) 

Afc Cold Harbour Inn, join the old Ermine Way; on r., beyond Broad 
Blunsden, Castle Hill. At Cricklade, St. Sampson's ch, 

Cricklade to Cirencester (6| — 84-^); in Cricklade turn tor.; 
through Lattcn, 79, and Cross Way, 80 1, is a fairly lev^el road, oolite, and 
inclined to be rough. 

Cirencester, p. 10 i. 

SOUTHAMPTON TO BATH. 

Southampton to Romaey (7|); starting on the Totton road, ^ju. 
out of the town turn to 7\ ; it is a smooth road, but rather hilly. [Or follow 
the Winchester road for 3m., chiefly on the rise, then turn to I. and through 
Chii worth, 4|, to Romsey, 8; more hilly, but good road.] 

Romsey, p. 46. 

Romsey to White Parish {81 — 15f ) ; in Romsey turn to I., and 
after crossing R. Test keep to r. ^m. out of the town ; from here is a long" 
ascent, followed by several more hills to Sherfield English, 12, and 
undulating through Cowsfield Green, 14-1 ; very fair road. 

Beyond Romsey, on I., Emly Park. On r., Sherfield Ho. Before Cowsfield 
Green, on I., Milshal Park ; on r., Cowsfield Lodge. 

White Parish to Salisbury (8— 23f) ; for a mile or so it is easily 
rideable, then there is a long steep hill to climb to the top of a de«D chalk 
cutting on Standlinch Down, 700 ft. high, whence Salisbury Cathedral can 
be seen ; down the other side there is a steep descent, sometimes rather 
rwigh, but otherwise safe with a g'ood brake, to Whaddon, 19^, and the 
remainder is a good road, nearly all a gentle down hill, through Alderbury, 
20f , to Salisbury. Returning, at the bottom of the hill, l^m. before White 
Parish, keep to I. 

[Or from Smdhampton through Totton, 3^, p. 40; then on r., through 
Testwood to Ou^er or Oaie Bridge, S, where keep to I. over Palmer's Bridge, 
9f, by Platford Inn, 10|-, and through Lindford, 12, and Newton, 1-i.V, 
about ^ni. farther on joining the other road l^m. past White Parish, to 
Salisbury, 21f . 

Or through Totton to CaJUmm, 4^ — 8|^, p. 43; then on r. through 
Brook, 9j, and Bramshaw, 11^, to Landford, 13|.] 

(Bramshav) : Bell.) 

l^m. past White Parish, oa r., Brickworth Ho. At Alderbury, on r., 
Ivychwc^ Mo.f Clarendon Lodge and Park; on I., Alderbury Ho. and Longford 



274 

Castle. At Laiidford, on r., Laudford Ho. ; at Newton, Im. on I., New Bo. At 
Eramshaw, on r., Bramshaw Ho.; on L, Warrens. Salisbury, p. 47. 

Salisbury to Fugglestone or Poulstone (2f— 26^)— p. 48. 

FupTfflestone to Deptford Inn (8^— 34|); through Chilhampton, 
27|, South Newton, 28|, Sfcoford, 29, Stapleford, 30f— iust before which is 
a short but steep fall bearing to the left — and Steeple Langford, 32f, is a 
capital bicycling road, though hilly, but there is nothing an ordinary rider 
need dismount for: splendid surface (chalk fiiut). The road runs up the 
valley of the B. Wiley from Salisbury, and through a pretty country. 

Deptford Inn to Heytesbury (6| — 41)— p. 82. 
Heytesbury to Warminster (4 — 45) — p. 82. 

"Warminster to Becking:ton (6t— 51|); in Warminster turn to 
right, 2nd turning; slight ascent out of the town, then lev^el for about 2m., 
when a long, steep, and narrow descent occurs at Broomfield Tp., 48|, 
followed by level past Standerwick Ho., 50^ ; good road. 

At Broomfield Tp., on r., Chalcot Ho. ; further on, on I., Berkeley Ho. 

Beckington to Stoke Viaduct (6|— 58i) ; a stiff descent out of 
Jieckington, then a short but stiff ascent to be mounted to Woolverton, 53, 
just beyond which the road to the r., called the iSTew road, must be taken ; 
then it is hilly but easy riding for about 4m., when the top of Stoke Hill is 
reached, a steep and dangerous winding descent, a mile in length, which 
should be ridden down with great care, the last part being steepest, and the 
surface sometimes loose: oolite surface, requiring great care in riding. 

About 2m. beyond Woolverton, on r., Farleigh Castle ruins; farther on 
Hinton Abbey. At Woolverton, on r., Mirfield Ho. ; Im. further, on I., Challey 
Ho. Fine view from Stoke Hill. 

Stoke Viaduct to Bath (41— 62i)— p. 95. 

[Or from Woolverton by the old road to the I., through IS'orton Sb. 
Philip or Philip's Norton, 54i, Charterhouse Hinton, 56|, Midford, bS\, 
and South Stoke, 59|, and over Odd Down, where keep to r., joining the 
Radstock road, with long descent into Eafh, 61 1. J 

Pretty scenery. At Midford, on r., Midford Castle. 

SALISBUEY TO CHRISTCHUHCH. 

Salisbury to Downton Wick (5f ) ; go down Exeter street, then 
turn to I. after crossing R. Avon ; there are three ascents and two descents, 
but none of them at all difficult, out of Salisbury to Bodenham, or Nunton- 
with-Bodenham, 3, and level through Charlton Street, 4J : good flint road. 

Before Bodenham, on I., Longford Castle. At Charlton Street, on L., 
Trafalgar Park and Ho., presented by Parliament to Earl Nelson. Dowuton lies 
^m. on I. of Downton Wick, across B. Avon. At Charlton Street, on r., Clearbury, 
an ancient hill fort. 

Downton Wick to Fordingbridge (4^—10^), is a capital level 
road through South Chardford, 7^, and Upper Burgate, 9 : shortly after 
leaving Downton Wick the surface changes to gravel : in Fordingbridge 
the road bears to I. across B. Avon. 

{Fordinghri'hje : Gvown, B.T.O. ; Greyhound.) 

At South Chardford, on r., Breamor© Eo,, and beyond ii Whichburj Ho,, neat 



275 

which is Castle Ditches, a large circular eutrunched hill, and the eKtensive earth- 
work called Grims Dyke or Ditch; on I., across B. Avon, Hale Ho. At Upper 
Burgate, on r., Friar's Court ; across B. Avon, Im. on I., Castle Hill. Before 
Fordingbridge, on I., Burgate Ho. ; on r., Packham Ho. 

Fordingbridge to Ring'wood, Gh. (6 — I6j); out of Fordingbridge 
turn sharp to /■., and it is a capital level road throagh Ibbesley, 13^, and 
Blasiiford Green, 15 : in RingvYOod turn to /-. Returning, in Ring wood 
turn to r. before R. Avon. 

Before Ibbesley Im., on r., North End Ho. ; Im. beyond, on I., Somerley Ho.i 
en I., Moyles Court. On I., Blashford Ho. Ringwood, p. 43. 

Ringwood to Christchurch (9 — 25^) ; through Lower Kingston, 
1S.|, Avon, 20|, Sopley, 22, and Staples Cross, is a dead level; sometimes 
rather sandy, otherwise a good road. 

This road follows the B. Avon valley the whole distance. Very pretty 
scenery as far as Eingwood. 

Beyond Lower Kingston, on I., Bisfcern Ho. On r., Avon Hill and Avon Ho. * 
on I., Sopley Ho. and Winkton Ho. Christchurch, p. 43. 

SALISEURY TO CHIPPENHAM. 

Salisbury to Long Barrow Cross (7|) ; follow the Wilton road 
for a short distance past the railway, then turn to r. opposite the gaol, and 
after about a mile the road ascends to Salisbury Plain; it is hilly and good 
liard road past " Druid's Head" or Woodford Hut, 6, except that some of 
the gradients being steep at tiie bottom and often rough, th#^ should be 
ridden down carefully. 

At Long Barrow Cross, l|^/i. on r., is Stonehenge. 

Long Barrow Cross to Red Horn Tp. (9 — 16J) goes straight 
across Salisbury Plain and is a similar kind of road; very hilly to the 13th 
VIS., where keep to r. at the fork and across Black Heath, some of the 
ascents and descents being rough and steep ; there is not a house the 
whole way, 

About 3m. beyond Long Barrow Cross, on r., is an ancient earthwork. Fine 
view from Red Horn Hill. 

Red Horn Tp. to Devizes (5^ — 22) ; the road now suddenly leaves 
Salisbury Plain by Red Horn Hill, which is a long and steep descent, with 
a couple of sharp twists in it almost at right angles, and is dangerous to 
ride downi ; from the bottom it is pretty good but rather hilly, chiefly 
downhill, through Lide, 19, and JSTursteed, 21: entering Devizes turn to 4 
Returning, keep to r. ^n. beyond Lide. 

Devizes, p. 86. 

Devizes to Chippenham (lO^ — 32^) ; in Devizes turn to r. jusfe 
before the railway, and when through the town cross the canal ; then keep 
to r., and it is aji easy road, with no difficult hills, through Rowde, 24i (keep 
to r.), over Chitway Heath, 26f, by Sandy Lane, 28, and Red Hill, 29f, 
(beyond which join the London road through Calne), and Derry Hill, 30;^. 
Ileturning, keep to r. past Derry Hill. 

[There is another and much easier and better route from Salisbury 
along the Warminster road to Stapleford, 7 — (p. 274) ; then keep to r., and 
through the villages of Berwick St. James, Winterboums Stoke, Maddington, 

V2 



'2lo 

Slirewton, Orchesfcoii Sfc. George, Orchesfcon Sfc. Mary, Tilslicad, West 
Lavington, Lavington Wick, and Pofcterne tc Devizes ; about 2^m. longer. 

Or at the ISth ^ns. turn tol. to Market Lavington, not a good road; 
jhence by Potterne.] 

At Rowde, on r., Rowdeford Ho. At Chitway Heath, on r., Bromham Battle 
.-To. ; on I., Nonesuch Ho. At Sandy Lane, on r., Wands Ho. j on Z., Spy Park ; 
on r., also, the site of the Roman station Verlucio, on the line of the Roman roai , 
CO Bath. A little further, on r., Bowood Park. Chippenham, p. 89. 

I 

CHIPPENHAM TO WAREHAM. 

Chippenham to Melksham (71); follow the Bath road for l^m., 
then turn short on I., and through Notton, 3^, Laycock, 4|-, and Bennecar, 
of, running near the B. Avon all the way. Returning, out of Melksham 
keep to r. 

At Notton, on r., Notton Ho. ; on I., Lackham Ho. Laycock Abbey on I. 
Melksham, p. 96. 

Melksham to Semington (2—91); in Melksham cross E. Avon; 
pretty level road, oolite surface, very greasy. 

Semington to Yarnbrook (3| — 13) ; cross the Devizes and Trow- 
bridge road, and over Ashtcn Common, lOJ, and through West Ashton, 
12|. [Or just beyond Semington turn to r., and it is undulating through 
Hilperton, Hi, with a long steepish hill through Trowbridge, 121; then 
after crossing the railway turn on ?. through Studley, 12|, and North 
Bradley, 131-, to Yarnbrook, 14| ; level and good road, though sometimes 
rather rough.] 

Before West Ashton, on I., Rowd Ashton Park. Trowbridge, p. 85. 

Yarnbrook to Westbury (2^—15^) ; turn to I., and the road is 
level and good, though sometimes uneven. 

Beyond Yarnbrook, on I., Heywood Ho. Westbury, p. 85. 

Westbury to Warminster ^4 — 19^) ; a stiff hill to descend out 
of Westbury, then fair undulating road; turn to I. just before 
Warminster. 

Warminster, p. 82. 

Warminster to Longbridge Deverill (3^ — 22 1); through Sam- 
born, IQf-, and Crockc^-ton, 21^, is easy running. 

Longbridge Deverill to Shaftesbury (11^—34^) ; steady pull 
uphill for 1-o-i/i. from Longbridge, and then over Knoyle Downs there are 
several stiff hills with loose surface, to near East Knoyle, 29^, succeeded 
by 4im. of good running, and a rise for 2ni. to Shaftesbury. At 28m. croes 
Hmdon and Mere road. 

At East Knoyle, on r., Clauds Ho. ; on I., Knoyle Park. 2m. further, on I., 
Sedgehill Ho. and Hay Ho. Shaftesbury, p. 48. 

Shaftesbury to Blandford, M.P. (11 J— 45|) ; in Shaftesbury turn 
to Z., then leaving the town by the road to tlie r. — 'the new road — there is a 
long steep and winding descent, which should be ridden down very 
carefully and is best walked; then comes an equally long and tedious 
climb by Melbury Hill, from the top of Avhich runs a capital undulating road 
with one or two short walks up through Fontmell Magna, 38|, Sutton 
Waldrou, 39, Iweruc Minster, 40, and Iwerne Courtney, 41^, with a good 



277 

desceut into and through Stourpaine, 43, where enter the valley of B. Stour, 
and thence slightly downhill into Blandford. Returning, keep to r. '2)n. out of 
Elandford. [Or out of Shaftesbury take the old road to I., beginning 
with a long uphill to Melbury Abbas, 06^, and then very hilly running 
over the Downs, described in " Paterson " as " a summer road," and joining 
the Salisbury road on I. a short distance before Blandford : same distance. 
On I. Cranborne Chase.] 

Pretty country. At Iwerne Minster, on r., Iwerne Ro. and Shroton Ho, 
At Iwerne Courtney, on r., Ranston Ho. and Steepleton Ho. ; behind, Hamiltoa 
or Hambledon Hill and Hod Hill, on which are ancient fortifications ; from the 
former, splendid view. Blandford, p. 54. 

Blandford to Spettisbury/,0/^. (2|— 48^) ; at the M.P. in Blandford 
take the road to the r., cross B. Stour, then turn to I., and through 
Blandford St. Mary, 46j, and Charlton Marshall, 47J, running close to 
B. Stour, down the valley : good road, almost level. 

At Spettisbury, on r., Crawford Castle. 

Spettisbury to Wareham (Uf — 60) ; at the end of Spettisbury 
turn to r., then to I., and Ihn. farther join the Bere Regis road and follow 
it on r. through Aimer, 52, beyond which turn to I., and through Morden, 
54^, and over Gore Heath. 

[Or from Blandford follow the Dorchester road to AVinterborne 
Whitechurch, 50| (p. 54), then turn to I., and through Bere Begis, 54|-, 
where turn to I., and over Woodbury Hill, keeping to r., and Decoy Heath, 
to Wareliam, 61^,] 

Beyond Morden, on r., Morden Park. Wareham, p. 44. 

EINGWOOD TO SHAFTESBURY. 

Ringwood to Horton Inn (8|) ; cross B. Avon, and at Ashley 
Cross, a littlQ beyond the railway, keep to r., and over Ashley Heath, Wool 
Bridge, Woolbridge Common, and past Horton Park. 

Horton Inn to Shaftesbury (16— 23 1); at 10| m. cross Devil's 
Ditch, 2^m. further cross Salisbury and Blandford road within a mile of 
Caishmore Inn on r., and through Farnham, 15^, and past Cranborne Chase. 

CHIPPENHAM TO WAREHAM (by Frome). 

Chippenham to Bradford-upon-Avon (12^) ; follow the Bath 
road for ^m. beyond Pickwick, 4, as at p. 89, then turn to I. 
Bradford, p. 86. 

Bradford-upon-Avon to Frome (9— 21|); good road through 
E,oad, 17, and Beckington, IS^^: rather undulating, with sharp descent 
into Frome. 

[Or from Ghippenliam to Troivhridge, 12}, (p. 276) ; then after crossing 
the railway turn on I. and shortly after to 7*., through Upper Studley, 13.j, 
and Southwick, 14|, to Road, 16 f ; rather more hilly, but good surface.] 

Beyond Bradford, on r., Farleigh Castle. Frome, p. 82. Beyond Beckington, 
on r., Orchardleigh Ho. ; Im. on I., Berkeley Ho. and Standerwick Ho. 

Frome to Maiden Bradley (6— 27|); there are several steep md 



278 



rather long ups and downs in the first 3/)*., throu^^h West Woodlands 24 
then a tolerably le^el run of abont 2m., followed by a good lonc^ ascent a 
sce'ery""'''"^""'^ *^ ^^^^ ^"^^'^ ^o^od s^arface l^har^^^^^^^ 

MaidtaX'dl!y::^rBr:dIey'^!°'^ ""'" '''• °^ ''^ ^^'^^ ^-^^--^^- ^^ 

Maiden Bradley to Zeals Green (5-32*) ; descent through and 

"^oll"^'' f '\^''' '7^ ^^^P *« -)' ---g under the^end of 
mile°or so beoS^iCI r ^^t '""^^'' ^' generally loose and dusty, but in a 
Zih^ P becomes better after crossing the Hindon and Eedlinch road 

cWh ?oir oT'lb'w'^T''^ "'*^^ ^^^^ *^^ ^^'' °f Blackmere, and the 
Sfnf^rV. T7:r ^^aftesbury IS visible on the hills on L; then pass by 
Stour Head Ho., and Stourton village, 31, >yhich lies off on r. ^ ^ 

Zieais (jrreen, p. 70. 

road^oifA nf.t!'' to Gilliugham (4-36i); following the Winoanfcoa 
road (on,.) there is a descent from Zeals Green to High Cross bevond 
which turn on Z. and through Preston, 35; pretty level^or slightly Xwn 

{GillinglMm ; Phcenix, B.T.Q. ; South Western.) 
then?o'\"^t"t"st*atiol''' ''^"'" ^'^''^ ' ''' «'"'"°'^^- '"^ '" '' -<1 

to r ■bfthe^'.r''J'? ?,,''^™j'^l^®'' Newtou (7-45) ; at East Stour turn 
to r. Dy the cli., and through Stour Provost, 40, ]\Ioor Side 41-1- when, 
either to Z., or to r. through MarnhuU and Hikton St. Mary " ■ 

-at bturminsfcer are remaius of a castle. 

minst^J'cSsfj^^^Sf^f "^^^^ *° .^^^^^ford (8^-54|) ; through Stiir- 
mmster cross 12 Stour and turn to I.; hilly road through Shillin-stone 

roS tntrinEr * ^ .f ^^^'i^^^"",¥^ ^^ Blandford : limesto"; 
a bridgT "' ^^^^^^^^^ t^^^^ to Z., and 2m. out of it again to I. over 

BeforeDurwe.sfcon,onL,HodHilI,anancientenfcrenchedhill. Blandford, p 54 
Blandford to Wareham (141— 69)— p. 277 

to SIMl^^tfZ"'^'''' ^T3^*' \ *" ^^^^''^'i^^' tlience through Motcombe 
uo l^impesbuiy (about 7//^.- 40|), whence to TFare/iam, 25|— 66l, pp. 276-7.] 

BRISTOL TO WEYMOUTH. 

« ■??'-'^l^°t *? ?^-^sford or St. Thomas in Pensford (6i); leave Bristol 
over Kedchffe bridge and by the Bath road, turning to r fust beyond the 
PenS.^ ^^ ^ ""^^'^^ *^™"°^' Whitchurch or Felton, 4, ^and downWll to 

and^^^l^^^,^^^f;^S-^^ ^^'^^ ^^-Sh Glutton, 0^ 
Beyoud Pensford, on I., Houndstreet Park. 

h-xJn^'^u^Z.^T.'S'l ^^ Shepton Mallet (7,^-191) ; take the left 
Son 1 U H. o^the former, and there is a steep ascent through Stone 
JLa.ton, 13i-, then pasc Old Down Inn, 15, and down again to Gurn^y Slade 
16, from which is another long steep climb to the top^of the Mendfp Hills 
?nt^ri''''P ^''''''' ^^^^ S^^P^°^ ^^-^^^' ' these gVadients are dangt^^u^ 



to ride down 



279 

On Z., Stone Easton Park; 2m. on r., Cliewtou Priory. Sliepton Mallet, p. 83. 

Shepton Mallet to Castle Gary, Almsford Inn (6^ — 26) ; rather 
hilly by Cannard's Grave Inn, 20^ (keep to I.), to Priestleigh, 21^, then, 
keeping to r., level to within a mile of Castle Gary. Eeturning, keep to r. 
a httle past Almsford Inn. 

Castle Gary, &c., p. 75. 

Castle Cary to Sherborne (10^- — 36J) ; hn. beyond Almsford Inn, 
keep to r., through Galhampton, 28, and a little beyond turn to I., and 
through North Cadbury, 29f, South Cadbury, 30f,and Gorton Denham,32f ; 
very hilly road, and gi-eat care must be taken in riding down some of the 
descents. Eeturning, about 2^m. out of Sherborne keep to I. [Or there 
is a more favourable road through Galhampton to Sparkford, 30^, (p. 75) ; 
thence to Marston Magna, 34, (p. 72), where turn to I. to tilierhorne, 37^ 
Or Im. beyond Gastle Gary keep straight on through Woolston and 
Blackford, joining the first route a little past Gorton Denham, to 
Sherborne, about 36 : not near so hilly.] 

At N. Cadbury, on r., Cadbury Ho. At Woolston, on I., Yarlington L«dge. 
Sherborne, p. 48. Cadbiiry Castle, &c. p. 70. 

Sherborne to Holnest (4f — 41|) ; at Sherborne turn first to r., 
through the town turn to I., then steep ascent, followed by long easy 
descent to Leweston, 39 j, and Long Burton, 39^, and undulating to Holnest. 

On r., Leweston Park and Holnest Lodge. 

Holnest to Dorchester (13| — 54|) ; undulating to Middlemarsh, 
43|, then by Revels Inn, 44f, very hilly for 3r«. till the top of the downs is 
reafiied, after which it is undulating but chiefly downhill, with a long 
descent approaching Dorchester, and a stiff pull into the town. Eeturning, 
\in. out of Dorchester keep to r. [Or beyond Holnest turn to r., and it is 
a better road, hilly through Lyon's Gate, 43f, to Minterne Magna, 45, then 
easy travelling, being mostly downhill to Gerne Abbas, 47|, after which it 
is good and almost level through Nether Gerne, Godmanstone, and 
Charmkister, b^\, just beyond which join the other road to Dorchester, 54f. 
Or If^n. past Eevels Inn, or r., to Gerne Abbas, 47^.] 

At Middlemarsh, on I., Buckland and the Grange ; 2 or 3»i. distant Castle 
Hill and the Dungeon. On I., Minierne Ho. At Cerue Abbas, remains of Abbey ; 
near, on Trendle Hill, is a large entrenchment, and a figure cut in the chalk. 
Dorchester, p. 54. 

Dorchester to Weymouth (8| — 62f ) ; the road is nearly level to 
Monkton, 57, then begins the ascent of Eidgeway Hill,which is more than a 
mile long, and consists of three separate stages ; at the top the road 
commences to fall directly, the descent being steep and dangerous for nearly a 
mile, with a shai'p turn in the middle at the steepest part, and another at the 
bottom ; then through Broadway, 59^^, and Eadipole, GO^-, the road is very 
undulating ; flint road, good surface all the way. 

Before Monkton, on r.. Maiden Castle ; on I., Herringtone Lodge. Beyond 
Broadway, on r., Nottington Ho. Weymouth, p. 4i. 

SHEPTON MALLET TO POOLE. 

Shepton Mallet -to Bruton (7) ; rather hilly, by Cannard's Grave 



280 

Inn, 1 (keep to l), Priestleigh, 2 (keep to l), over Evercreech Hill, throuoli 
Evercreech, 3^ (keep to L), and Milton Clevedon, 4^. ° 

Bruton, p. 75. 

T. ^1-^^V*?? to Wincanton (4|-lia) ; out of Bruton is a long upkill to 
Itedlinch,^^^. and Stonej Stoke, 9^ and steep descent into Wincanton. 
« . t 7 ^:i^P^^''' -^^«^^e^ *o Castle Gary, U, p. 279 ; then Im. farther, keep 
tirst to I., then to r. to Wincanton, 13i ; not so hiilj.] 

On r., Eedlinch Park. Beyond Stonej Stoke, on I., lloundhill Ho. Redlinch, 
p. 75. Castle Carj, p. 75. Wincanton, p 70. 

Wincanton to Henstridge Ash (7— 18|) ; through Holton, IST- 
(keep to Z. twice), Chenton, Ihl, Horsington, 16, Temple Combe, 17^, and 
X eanston, lo. 

Henstridge Ash, p. 48. 

Henstridge Ash to Sturminster Newton (5i— 24i) • through 
Henstridge, 19^, and Stalbridge, 20^ and over Bagber Brido-e, 22}. 
(5fa/6nd|7e; Eed Lion, J3.T.C.) °* 

On r., Stalbridge Park. An Sturminster, remains o.- castle. 

Sturminster Newton to Blandford (8i— 33)— p. 278. 
Blandford to Spettisbury, Ch. (2|— 35|)— p. 277. 

Spettisbury to Poole (11^-47) ; by Sturminster Marshall, 36, (and 
1 jm tarther at the Tpg., at the cross roads, keep to I.), and through Corfe 
Mullen, 38i (turn to r.) and ^m. farther join the Wimborne roadfand by 
Bushels Mill, 42i ; good undulating road. ^ 

[Or in Blandford, turn to I. before crossing U. Sfcour, through Tarrant 
Keynstone 36^, Kingston Lacy, 40^ and Hill Butts, 41, to Wimhorne 
Muister, 42^, is more hilly; thence turning to r., to Poole (6.1—481) — 

p. DO.] " ^' 

1 -n ^'^ Corfo Mullen on r., Hemburj Ilo. 2>m. past Tarrant Keynstonc, on the 
^lUon i^Badbury Rings, an immense ancient entrenchment of great strenyjth 
Poo^r 43^ ""^ ^^"'^^ °'' "*•' ^i^S^tou nail. Wimborne Minster, p. 4i.* 

BATH TO LYME REGIS. 

Bath to Iladstoek (7i) ; there is a steep winding ascent out of Bath, 
about 2m. long ^the first part very steep, and should not be ridden down in 
the other direction), to tlie toll gate on Odd Down, then \hn. of a descent, 
Bome ot which is too steep to ride down, except with a p'owerful brake : 
toUowmg this, out of Dunkerton, 4, is uphill for nearly \hn., steep and 
winding, most of which must be walked (and should bo" ridden down 
caretully m the opposite direction), then it is nearly level for abouc a mile, 
lohowed by another stiff descent of a mile into Kadstock : good oolite road. 

On Odd Down, 2w. on I., Midford Castle. Before Dunkerton, on I., 
Cumbhay. \m. before Eadstock, on r., Camerton Ilo. and Paik: on/.. Wood- 
barrow Ho. Eadstock, p. 86. 

Radstock to Shepton Mallet (8— 151); turn to r. at the railway in 
Kadstock; short but very steep accent out of the town, then uphill for 
about 6j/i., through Stratton-on liie-Fosse, 10^-, and Oakhill, 13| (except a 
descent mto tlie latter), till the tr p of the Mendiu Hills is reached, whence 



281 

is a long steep descent through Downside, 14|, Into Shepton Mallet. 
Returning, out of Downside keep to r. 

Ou I., Stvatton Ho. and Downside. Shepton Mallet, p. 83. 

Shepton Mallet to West Lydford (81—23^) ; rather hilly by 
Cannard's Grave Inn, 1(3.V (keep to v.), throagh Street on the Fosse, 18|, 
Wraxhill, 20 1, and Four Foot, 22 1. 

At Street, on v., Pylle Ho. ; at Wraxhill, on r., East Pennard Park." 

West Lydford to Ilchester (0|— 301). 
Ilchester, p. 70. 

Ilchester to Crewkerne (10^: — iOf); straight undulating road for 
bhii., then turn on I. and through West Cliinnock (Bow Gate), 33. 
Crewkerne, p. 49. 

Crewkerne to Marshalsea (5| — 161)— p. "^l- 

Marshalsea to Lyme Regis (71 — 54) ; rather uphill to Lambert's 
Cistle Hill, 48, whence undulating over Hawchurch Common, 49.^ (keep to 
L),andUpljme Hill, with alongdescent into Lyme Regis; pp. 58, 61, 71. 

DORCHESTEE TO GLASTONBURY, 

Dorchester to Ailwell (ll^); in Dorchester turn to r, from the 
LDudon road, and there is a sharp hill to descend out of the town, after which 
it is level (at li»i. keeping to I.), crossing some marshes to Charminster, 2 
(keep to Z. again), and the road is gently undulating through Stratton, 8j 
(and turning to r. l|/«. farther), to Grimstone Station, 4|, whence it is 
rather more hilly to Ailwell. 

Ailwell to Yeovil (7f — 19) ; through Melbury (Buck's Head), 13, 
and Barwick, 17^, Returning, |m. out of Yeovil keep to I. 
On L, Melbury Ho. ; on r., \Voolcomb Hall. Yeovil, p. 48. 

Yeovil to Ilchester (4 — 23,j) ; through Yeovil, keep to t at the 
fork roads. 

Ilchester, p. 70. 

Ilchester to Somerton (4^ — 28) ; in Ilchester turn to r., and out of 
the town keep to I. ; about l^m. farther is a steep kill to go over. 
Somerton, p. 75. 

Somerton to Glastonbury (7^ — 35|) ; pretty level through Little- 
ton, 29|, to Compton Dunden, 31, then cross Polden Hdls to Street, SSg-, 
b'^yond which is a rise into and through Glastonbury. 

Glastonbury, p. 83. 

BRISTOL TO BRIDPORT. 

Bristol to Blue Bowl (9|) ; leave Bristol by Victoria street for tho 
Keynsham road, crossing B. Avon by Redcliffe Bridge, then turn to r. 
along Redcliffe Crescent, and io I. through Bedminster, 1, and Im. farther 
])ist the railway again to /. ; undulating to beyond Buishport, 2J, beyond 
which is a crooked ascent up to Dandry Hill, followed by correspond- 
ing descent (at hjm. keep to r.), and through Chew Stoke, ?• 

At o^n. on I, to Chew Magna (I — o^}. 



282 . 

Blue Bowl to Wells (7^ — 17^) ; by right hand road steep ascent on 
to the Mendip Hills, then pretty level for 3 or 4»^. past Castle Comfort, 
r2f, and steep descent into Wells. [Or by left hand road through West 
Harptree, 10^, and East Harp tree, 11, entering which, turn to r., and up a 
long steep ascent to Castle Comfort,. 13.] 

Wells to Glastonbury (5|—22f)— below. 

Glastonbury to Somerton (7| — 30^) — p. 281, reversed. 

Somerton to Crewkerne (14 — 44 j) ; entering Somerton, turn to r., 
nnd through the town turn to I., through Long Sutton, Long Load, 
Martock, and Bower Heaton, 36|, beyond which join the road from 
Ilchester, p. 281. 

Crewkerne to Beaminster (7^ — 52) ; turn 2nd on I., and through 
Misterton, 451, and Mosterton, 47^; good road with a few easy hills. 
Beaminster, p. 60. 

Beaminster to Bridport (6J — 58|^) ; through Bradpole, 57. 
Bridport, p. 54. Beyoud, on r., Parnham JIo. 

BATH TO EXETER. 

Bath to Radstock (7^)— p. 280. 

Badstock to Wells (10| — 18 j) ; turn to r. at the railway in Radstock ; 
short but very steep ascent out of the town, then keeping to r. at 22^m., 
through Chilcompton, lO.j, and by Old Down Inn, 12 (on the Bristol an J 
Shepton Mallet road) to Emborough, 12i, is a gradual uphill, all of which 
can be ridden up ; next are 2 or Sm. of nearly level across the top of the 
Mendip Hills, and the last 3in. are downhill, a good part of which is too 
steep to ride down with safety : very rutfcy surface, oolite, dangerously 
slippery when ^v^et ; heavy coal traffic. 

2m. beyond Hadstock, on I., Ammerdown Ho. and Hardingfcon Park; a little 
farther, on I., Stratton Ho. and Mount Pleasant. At Chilcompton, on i., NortoD 
Hill. 2^m. beyond Emborough, on r., Haydon Seat. Wells, p. 84. ' 

Wells to Glastonbury ("5^— 23f ) ; through Coxley, 19|, and 
Polsham, 20|, across East Sedge Moor and Hartlake Bridge, 215-, is a 
fair road in dry weather, but being oolite, it is dangerously greasy and 
rutty when wet ; almost level. 

Glastonbury, p. 83. 

Glastonbury to Piper's Inn (4|— 28|)— p. 83. 
Piper's Inn to Taunton (17^—46)— p. 81. 
Taunton to South Appledore (13| — 59|) — p. 73. 
South. Applodore to Exeter (17f— 77i)— p. 76. 

BEISTOL TO EXETEE. 

Bristol to Churchill (13^) ; leave Bristol by Victoria street for the 
Keynsham road, crossing B. Avon by Redcliife Bridge, then turn to r. 
along Redcliffe Crescent, and to I. through Bedminster, 1, and Im. further 
keep *o r. past the railway ; uphill for about first 8m., then a long steep 



283 

descenf; afe Eedliill, 9, which must bo ridden down carefully, and the rest 
undulating over Perry Bridge, 10|, and through Langford, 12. 

[Or Bristol to Cojigreshury, 12— (p. 97) ; then on I to Ghurcliill, 15^.] 

2m. beyond Bedminster, on I., Barrow Ho. ; a little further, 2m. on r., Barrow 
Court. At Bedminster, on r., Ashton Court. Before Redhill, on I., Butcombe 
Court; beyond Redhill, on l, Aldwick Court; a little farther, Menlip Lodge. 
On I., Langford Court. 

Churchill to Cross (3^—161); steep ascent out of Churchill, then 
(keeping to r.) undulating through Sydcot, 15, with a steep descent to Cross. 

At Cross, on I., to Axhridge (| — 17|) ; p. 84. 

Cross to High Bridge (8| — 25) ; just beyond Cross turn to Z., and 
through Lower Wear, 17f, Rook's Bridge, 20i, East Brent, 21^, and across 
Burnham Level ; there is not a single ascent worth mentioning. 

(High Bridge : Railway, B.T.C) 
On r., pass Brent Knoll hill. 

High Bridge to Bridgewater (8 — 33) ; cross B. Brue, and through 
Huntspill, 26|, to Pawlet, 28, is a similar kind of road, then undulating to 
Crandon Bridge (Sedgemoor Cut), 30^, before crossing which join on I. the 
Glastonbury road, and the rest is level. 

On L, Huntspill Court. Bridgewater, p. 81. 

Bridgewater to Taunton (11 — 44) ; turn to Z. in Bridgewater when 
over the bridge, and it is level for 2m., then ascent through North 
Petherton, 36^, and hilly through Thurloxton, 38|-, over Walford Bridge, 
39|, and through Bath Pool End, 42^, just beyond which cross B. Tone ; 
some of the hills are rather Gteep, and must be negotiated carefully : bad 
macadam road. Returning, keep to Z. Im. out of Taunton, and again to 
I, after Walford Bridge. 

At North Petherton, on r., Petherton Park ; on I., Binfords and Hals well Ho. 
On r., Walford Ho. Taunton, p. 73. 

Taunton to Exeter (31^ — 75:i)— p. 282. 

BATH TO WELLS (by Marksbury). 

Bath to Marksbury (6|)— p. 96. 

Marksbury to Farrington Gurney (6^ — 13^) ; by left hand road, 
several very stiS hills up and down through Farmborough, 7^, High 
Littleton, 10|^, and Hallatrow, 11|. Returning, turn to r. |wi. out of 
Farrington Gurney. 

Farrington Gurney to Wells (7| — 20|); steep ascent out of the 
former, keeping to the right hand fork, and it is chiefly uphill through 
Chewfcon Mendip, 16, on to the Mendip Hills, from which, after 2 or 2m. of 
level, there is a long steep descent into Wells. 

BATH TO SEATON AND BEER. 

Bath to Crewkerne (40f)— pp. 280-1. 

Crewkerne to Axminster (12^ — 53) — p. 71. 

Axminster to Colyton (4^ — o7|) — p. 59. 

Colyton to Seaton (2^—60) ; turn to I. and through Colyford, 58^ 



284 

[Or in Axminster turn to I. before the railway and through Musbury, 
56, turning to r. \\m. farther on road from Lyme Regis, to Colyford, 59.] 
Im. past Seaton is the village of Beer. 
Before Musbury, on r., Ash Ho. ; at Musbury, on I., Musbury Castle, 

DOECHESTER TO TAUNTON. 

Dorchester to Catsley Down Gate (14) — ^p. 60. 

Catsley Down Gate to Crewkerne (8 — 22) ; keeping to r., a long 
•winding hill descends through a wood, quite safe to ride down with care; 
from the bottom is a good run, with two or three short hills, through South 
Perrott and Misterton, 20| (jusfc beyond keep to r.) : entering Crewkerne 
turn sharp on I. 

Crewkerne to Chard (8— 30)— p. 49. 

[Or to Broadwlndsor, 22 (p. 61) ; thence through "VVinsham and 
Forton to Chard, about the same distance. 

Or at Misterton on I. avoiding Crewkerne.] 

At Winsham, \m. on I., ruins of Ford Abbey; a little farther, on I., Leigh Ho. 

Chard to Taunton (13 — 13) ; nearly through Chard turn to r. ; a 
mile ascent out of the town through Crim Chard, and the road continues 
hilly through Wadford, Combe St. ISTicholas, by Coombe Beacon, Moor 
Moor, Buckland Hill, over Buckland Down, through Curland, and Staple 
Fitzpaine, SS^-, but the ascents are nearly all rideable and the descents 
easy ; good road on the whole, and the last 2m. are first rate. 

[Or in Chard take first turn sharp on r., chiefly downhill, through Sea, 
335- (keep to I.), to Donyatt, 31, then uphill to Horton, 35, whence to 
Taunton, 46f (p. 74). 

Or from Crewkerne through Hint on St. George, Dinnington, and 
Kingstone to Ihninster, 30, whence to Taunton, 42| (p. 74). 

Or from Crewkerne follow the Chard road for 22m., then turn on r. 
through Kingstone to Ilminster, 29.] 



TAUNTON TO SIDMOUTH. 

Taunton to Honiton (16) crosses the Black Down Hills; chiefly 
uphill through Trull, 1^, Blagdon, 4 (about 3?>i. farther keep to I.), 
Churohingford, 8, to Beacon Hill, 10, then downhill through Upottery, 11, 
Rawridge, llf, Haynes Yard, 13, Monkton {ch.), 14, to Honiton. 

Honiton, p. 49, Ini. out of Taunton, on I., Batts; ^ni. beyond Trull, on I., 
Amberd Ho., and farther on, Poundisford Lodge and Park. At Blagdon, on r., 
Lowton Ho. ; on I., Barton Grange. 

Honiton to Sidford (7| — 23|) ; through Honiton turn to I., and 
there is a crooked ascent of a mile or two on to Gittesham Hill, followed 
by a long downhill through Sidbury, 22. 

At Sidbury, on r., Sidbury Castle, an ancient hill fort. 

Sidford to Sidmouth (1| — 25) is nearly all downhilL 
Sidmoutb, p. 59. 



285 

TAUNTON TO EXMOUTS. 

Taunton to Honiton (16) — p. 28 J?. 

Honiton to Ottery St. Mary (6—22); follow the Exeter road for 
Sm. out of Honiton, then turn to L a little short of Fenny Bridges (p. 49), 
and through Affingham, 20 ; rather up and down hill. 

Ottery St. Mary to EKtnouth (12—34) ; cross B. Otter, then turn 
to I. through Fen Ottery, 24, Newton Poppleford, 25, and Colyton 
Rawleigh, 27, to E.xst Budleigh, 29, where join the Sidmouth road, as 
p. 60. 

(E.vmouth: Imperial; London, B.T.C. ; Koyal Beacon ; Southwestern.) 

Jm. beyond Colyton Rawlelgh, on L, Bicton Lodge. 

EXIVTOUTH TO MINEHEAD. 

Exmouth to Topsham {61) ; through Lympstone, 2^, Exton, 4, and 
Ebford,5, just beyond which turn to I., and over Topsham Bridge; up and 
down hill. 

Before Lympstone, on L, Court Land; onr., Alaronde. Opposite Lympstone, 
across R. Exe, Powderham Cagtle ; beyond Lympstone, on I., Nutwell Court. At 
Ebford, on L, Ebford Ho., Mount Ebford, and Ebford Place. 

Topsham to Exeter (3|— 10)— p. 59. 

[Or from Ebford keep straight on to St. George's Chjst, 5^, whence to 
Exeter, 10|— p. 59.] 

Exeter, p. 49, 

Exeter to Silver ton (7^ — ^171) ; in Exeter turn to r., and at the 
suburb of St. Sid well's, 10|-, keep to L; there are one or two steep hills to 
climb to Stopgate, 12^ (where turn to I.), then downhill over Stoke Bridges 
{B. Culm), to Stoke Canon, 14, and from Rew, 15, is again uphill. 

Im. out of Exeter, on I., Stoke Hill and Duryard Ho. Beyond Rew, Im. on r., 
Killerton P?vrk. 

Silver ton to Tiverton (6|-— 21) ; keep to Z.; it is an undulating road 
slightly uphill, up the E:ie valley to Bickleigh, 20|, just beyond it crossing 
the river, and fairly level along the right bank to Tiverton, just before 
which recross B. Exe. [Or by right hand road through Butterleigh, 21, 
very hilly.] 

Tiverton, p. 73. 

Tiverton to Bampton (6| — 30|) ; in Tiverton turn to I., and mostly 
uphill to Van Post, 23^-, then down to Bampton. [Or Im. out of Tiverton 
turn to I. to Botham, 25 V, whence a road runs close to B. Exe all the way 
to Bampton.] 

Before Van Post, Im. on r., Huntsham Castle. Bampton, p. 78. 

Bampton to Minehead (18^ — 49), crosses Exmoor, and a deal of 
wafeing will be necessary ; at Bampton keep to r., through Morebath, 33 
(keep to I.), by Gilberts, 33f, Bury, 351- (keep to I. and ^m. farther to r.), 
over Combshead Hill, Exton Hill, and Lype Hill, to Couple Cross, 43f. 
then chiefly downhill to Timberscombe, 46, from which there is a steep 
crooked ascent of a mile on to Grabbist Hill, and downhill to Minehead. 

Beyond Timberscombe onr. to Danster, 2|-; almoot level. 

Minehead, p. 79. — Dunster, p. 79. 



28G 

EXETER TO BIDEFORD. 

Exeter to Crediton (7^) — p. 68. 

Crediton to Chumleigh (14 — 211); i^^ Crediton take second turn 
to I., and a stiff kill to mount out of tho town, followed by long fall to 
Diddy Mill, 10, then a short rise and the rest is pretty level by New 
Buildings, 11^, Oldburrow, 14, Morchard Bishops, 15, Red Hill, 15j, Oalfa 
Bridge, 16|, Eastown, 16^, Barnstaple Inn, 17^, and through Chawleigh, 
19^, with a short sharp fall to the Little Dart B. just before Chumleigh and 
similar rise into the town. 

(Chumleigh : King's Arms, B.T.C.) 

Beyond Crediton, on r., Greedy Ho. 

Chumleigh to Week Cross (6|— 27|) ; out of Chumleigh keep to 
I., and the road is on the decline for l^m. ending with a sharp drop to the 
bridge over B. Taw, after which there is a long stiff hill up to Burrington, 
24 J, and the rest level. 

Week Cross to Bideford (10|— 38^); turn to I. and by Dipford,28, 
New Inn, 31, Sherwood, 31^, Cranford Moor, 32|-, Hunshaw Cross, 33:j, 
and Hunshaw Moor, 34|- ; a few hills, but nothing difficult, except long 
crooked descent into Bideford. 

EXETER TO BARNSTAPLE. 

Exeter to Week Cross (2 7|)— above. 

Week Cross to Atherington (3 — 30f ) ; by right hand road, level 
through High Bickington, 29, and Dobbs House, 29| (where keep to r.) 

Atherington to Barnstaple (65 — 37|); descent beyond Atherington 
into the B. Taw valley, then pretty level over New Bridge, 34|-, and through 
Bishops Tawton, 35f . 

[Or out of Ghumleigli keep to r. and up on to Beacon Moor, where at 
23m-. turn to I. and through ChittlehamHolt and Chittlehampton to Bishops 
Tawton : a trifle longer but much more hilly road,] 

At Bishops Tawton, on I., across R. Taw, Tawstock Court. Barnstaple p. 74. 

EXETER TO SOUTH MOLTON. 

Exeter to Crediton (7^)— p. 68. 

Crediton to East Worlington (11— 18|) ; iu Crediton take second 
turn to I., mounting a stiff hill, and about Im. out of the town turn to r., 
and the road is alternately down and up through Sandford, 10, Kenners- 
leigh, 13, by Black Boy Inn, 15, and through Thelbridge, 17. 

Beyond Crediton, on r., Creedy Ho, l^m. past Sandford, on r., Dovsrish ; at 
Black Boy Inn, on L, Berry Castle. 

East Worlington to South Molton (9— 27^) ; uphill for 3w. to 
Meshaw Moor, then downhill to Bulls Marsh, 25, then a rise and level t-" 
South Molton. 

[Or to Chumleigh, 21^ — above; thence keeping to r. upon to Beacoiv 
Moor and through George Nyrrrpton, 27^, to South Molton, 29| ; hilly road. 
Beturning, a little out of South Molton keep to r.] 



287 

OKEHAMPTON TO BARNSTAPLE. 

Okehamptoo. to Hatherleigh (6^-); over Harperton Down, by 
Five Oaks, If, and o^er Langabear Moor, 4, and bj Bassets Grate, G, hilly 
road. Returning, keep to r. at Bassets Gate. 

Hatherleigh. to Torrington (11 — 17|); over Hele Bridge, S} 
(R. Torridge), to and from which there are steep descent and ascent, and 
through Ash, 10, Petrockstow, lOf, AVinswell, I'-i}, and Little Torrington, 
16, whence a long descent to the bridge over II. Torridge, at the entrance 
of Torrington. 

{Ton-iiigton : Globe, B.T.C) 

Torrington to Barnstaple (10^ — 28) ; in Torrington turn to I. by 
the ch., tlien out of the town turn to r. over Torrington Common, and 
through Hunshaw Moor, 20|, Alverdiscott, 22i, Newton Tracey, 23 f, and 
lloundswell, 26|; all up and downhill. Returning, Im. out of Barnstaple 
keep to I. [Or at Torrington Common keep to I. to Bldeford, 24j, 
whencQ to Barnstaple, 8| — o2f, — p. 74.] 

Barnstaple, p. 74. — Bideford, p. 74. 

DARTMOUTH TO PLYMOUTH. 

Dartmouth to Morleigh, ISTew Inn (8|) ; ascent out of Dartmouth, 
in places steep, nearly to jSTorton House, 2, then very undulating through 
Ditsham Cross, 3f (keep to I.), and Halwell. 

Norton Ho. on r. ; a little farther on I., Woodbury Camp, an ancient 
entrenchment. Beyond Uitsham Cross, on L, Weststray Ho., and nearly Iw. 
farther, Oldstone Ho. Before Halwell, the road goes through an ancient camp. 
Just before Morleigh, on I., Stanborough Ho. 

Morleigh to Plymouth (19|— 28) ; through Modbury, 15^-, and 
Brixton, 22^— (p. 64.) 

NEWTON ABBOT TO TAVISTOCK. 

Newton Abbot to Ashburton (7^) ; leave the former by the 
London road, and just out of the town turn to I. ; at 3m. turn sharp to L, 
and a little farther to r. to Lemonford, 4.j, where join the road from 
Chudleigh on r. 

Ashburton, p. 55, 

Ashburton to Two Bridges (11— 18|) ; in Ashburton turn to v., 
and |-?^. fartlier to L; over Holne Bridge, Hanneford Bridge, by Asli, 
TJppeicot, Oaldsbroom, Dirtmeet Bridge, and Dennebridge Pound, acrooS 
part of Dartmoor, and full of steep hills. 

Two Bridges to Tavistock (8— 26|)— p. 65. 

PLYMOUTH TO LAUNCE3T0N. 

Plymouth to Tavistock (14); very hilly by Knacker's Knoll (or 
Hole) Tg., 3, Bowling Green Ho., 3^, over Buckland Down to Jump, 5^, and 



288 

tlien over Bodborongli Down (at 8lm. keeping to Z. at tlie fork roads), witli 
a long downhill to Horra Bridge or Harrowbridge, 10^ (cross B. Wallcoml)), 
whence keeping to I., a couple of ascents with intervening descent through 
Whitchurch, 12 1, to Tavistock. 

2m. out of Plymouth, on r.,Widey; on 7., Manudon. Beyond Bowling Green 
JTo., on r., Derryford ; a little on L, Witley Place. At the end of Bucklaud Down, 
on r., Fancy. Im. past Jump, on r., Combe Park; a little farther, on I., Bickhajii, 
and Iw. "VV. of it, Mariston ; 1|. N.W. of Bickham is Buckland Abbey. Im. before 
Horra Bridge, on I., Pound ; Im. beyond Horra Bridge, on r., Sortridge. Tavistock, 
p. 65. 

Tavistock to Launceston (llf — 25f ) ; in Tavistock turn to Z., then 
second on v.; very hilly road over Lamerton Down, through Bedford, 17.^, 
Milton Abbots, 19. I, and over Grestou Bridge {B. Tamar), 22. Keturning, 
2^m. out of Launceston turn to I. 

At Milton Abbots, on 7-.,'Edgeci)mb Ho. ; a little farther, Im. on r., Kelly. 
At Greston Bridge, on I., Carthamartha Ho. Launceston, p. 50. 

PLYMOUTH TO LAUNCESTON (by Callington.) 

Plymouth to Saltash (4-|) — p. 56. 

Saltash to Callington (8f — 13^); Im. beyond Saltash keep to v., 
and the road is pretty level through Carkeel, 6^, and Penter's Cross, 9 
(keep to I.), to St. Mellion, 10, whence is a steep ascent to climb over Yivcr- 
don Down, and long downhill to Callington. 

Im. beyond Saltash, Im. on L, Trematou Castle. Before Carkeel, on r., Hale 
JTo.] at Carkeel, on r., Moditonham. At Penter's Cross, on r., Pentilly Castle. 
At St. Mellion, on r., Crocadon Ho. Callington, p. 65. 

Callington to Launeaston (10|— 23f ) ; in Callington turn to r. by 
the ch., and over Hingston Down to Stoke Climsland, 16i-, and by Beal 
Mills, 18 (cross B. Inny), Trekenna, 19|-, Landue Mill, 20|-, and joining the 
Tavistock road l^)i. farther on r. 

Before Stoke Climsland, on l.y ^Yhiteford Ho. At Trekenna, on I., are some 
ruins. On r., Landue Ho, 

BODMIN TO WADEBEIDGE. 

Bodmin to Wadebridge (7^) ; leaving Bodmin keep to 7*., and over 
Dunmeer Bridge, If, through Washaway, 3^, and Egloshayle, 5|. 

At Dunmeer Bridge, 2m. on r., Penhargate Castle ruins. Beyond Washaway, 
on ?-., Pencan'ow, Wadebridge, p. 68. 

EEDRUTH TO PENEYN. 

Redruth to Penryn (8) ; in Kedruth turn to I. and again to I. {m. 
farther ; through Penance, Gwennap, Ponsworth, and Roscrow. 

REDRUTH TO HELSTON. 

Redruth to Helston (10) ; in Eedruth turn to I. and hn. further to 
r. ; Hphill to Forest Gate, 3, and similar descent from Tregorlands, 4 j short 
ascent at Wendron, 7|, then level, with descent before Helston. 



289 

LAUNCESTON TO HOLSWOETHY. 

Launceston to Holsworthy (13^); in Laimceston go down the 
hill to the sulnirl) of St. Thomas, and havmg crossed the river turn to r. ; 
steep hill np to Dutston, 1^^, then down again to ISTcw Bridge, If (cross R. 
Tamar), thence through Hawkadon, 3.f, Godleigh Corner, 4}, over Beacon 
Moor or Chapman's Well Down, by Chapman's Well, 6y, over Enford 
Moor and Belland Moor (at 8^)??. keep to I.), through Clawton, lO?- (cross 
branch of ii. Tamar), and over Boarden Bridge, 11^: hilly road, some of 
the gradients being steep : not a good surface. 

At New Bridge, Im. on I., Wcrrington Ho. Ilolswortliy, p. 69. 

LAUNCESTON TO HARTLAND. 

Launceston to Blake's Cross (14[) ; in Lauuceston go down the 
hill to the suburb of St. Thomas, then uph' 1 through St. Stephen's, |m.,on 
to St. Stephen's Down, from which is a sharp descent to Yeolm Bridge, If 
(cross li. Tamar), and similar ascent to Lady Cross, 2j,where turn sharp on 
I. ; thence by Lower Langdon Bennacot, Sf, Little Cory, 6|-, Wescott 
Barrow, 7}, over Dowlsdown, by Benncts, 10, BeviFs or Bound's Hill, llj, 
Newcot, 12, and Borough, 12f . 

At St. Stephen's, on r., Warrington Ho. Before Bennets, on I., Whitstone Ho. 
At Dowlsdown, on r., Wilsworthy. 

Blake's Cross to Kilkhampton (3| — 18) through Grimscot, 14| ; 
turn to I. ^m. before Kilkhampton. 
At Grimscot, l?n. on I., Leigh Hill. 

Kilkhampton to Hartland (9 — 27) ; by Crimpgate, 20| (keep to 
r.), over Sharston Moor, 22, Dipford Moor, by Dipford, 22f, Little Bursdon, 
23f, cross Bursdon Moor to Tosberry, 2if (at the bottom of the hill ^m. 
farther keep to v.), and through Philham, 25|. 

{Hartland : King's Arms, B.T.C.) 

READING TO AMERSHAM. 

Reading to Henley-on-Thames (8) ; out of Heading, down hill 
to R. Thames, which cross to Caversham, 1, then turn to r. and through 
Play Hatch, 3^, and Shiplake, 5:^, the road runs through a pretty country 
along the banks of the B. Thames; stiffish hill out of Caversham, then 
nearly all downhill : excellent surface. 

At Caversham, Im. on I., Caversham Park. At Play Hatch, on r. across 
Thames, Holme Park. On r., ShijDlake Ho. and Bell Hatch ; on I., Holme Wood, 
Crowsley Park, Blounts Court, and Harpsden Court. Before Henley, on r., 
Boulney Court. Henley, p. 100. 

Henley-on-Thames to Great Marlow (7| — 15^) ; through 
Henley keep to r., and through Fawley Court, 9^, Mill End, 11^, and 
Medmenham, 12|-, beyond which is a long steepish hill to climb, and then 
rather steep downhill which requires careful riding : spl^endid smooth sur- 
face. Pretty views. [Or at Henley turn to r., and follow the Maidenhead 
roftd for about 4\m., then turn to I. through Blsham to Great Harlow, into 
which is a very steep descent : about the same distance.] 

{Gruat Marlow : Crown j George and Di'agon, B.T.C j Pail way.) 

U 



290 

On r., Fawley Court. At MHl End, on I., Hambledon Ho. Before Medmen. 
liam, on r. across Thames, Culham Court ; on r., Medmenham Abbey. 2m. 
farther, Harleyford Grove and Lady Place. On I., Bisham Abbey. 

Great Marlow to High Wycombe (5— 20|); through Great 
Marlow keep to I., and there is a long winding ascent to Handy Cross, 18|, 
shortly followed by a steep dangerous hill, or rather series of three hills, 
down into the town, with a turn at right angles: good surface. 

Im. out of Great Marlow, on r., Westhorpe Ho. High Wycombe, p. 107. 

High. Wycombe to Amersham (7 — 27|) ; in Wycombe turn first 
to r., then to I., and a narrow street, roughly paved, leads to Wycombe Hill, 
a long, very steep, and rough climb, quite unrldeahle up or down ; from the 
top is a good run of 2m. tlu-ough Hazlemoor, 221, to Headman's Hean Bottom 
or Hole, into which is a steep pitch, followed by a steeper rise (either of which 
is barely safe to ride doiviiwith a powerful brake) up the opposite side, then 
there is a good run of about 2m. over Wycombe Heath, with a steep 
descent down Winchmoor Hill to the Tpg., 26, and the rest an easy 
downhill : fair gravel surface, but in places apt to be stony, and the last 
2m. loose. 

[Or out of Great Marlow keep to r., and through Little Marlow, 17i, is 
good going, then Im. farther (keeping to I.) Woburn Hill to walk up, very 
steep, narrow, and winding, impossible to ride up and dangerous to ride 
down. Or instead of going over Woburn Hill go straight on through 
Cours End, 19, Woburn, 20, and Woburn Green, 20\, out of which (keeping 
to r.) is a short steep ascent to Hotspur Heath, 21|, then turn to r., and a 
«tiffish hill to mount into Beaconsjield, 23. Here turn to I., second turning, 
and it is an undulating but splendid smooth road, by Leadboroughs, 24j, 
and Larkins Green, 25f , with a steep descent into Amersham, 27|.] 

2m. beyond High Wycombe, Im. on I., Hughenden, which is best reached by a 
road running up a narrow valley from the town. Amersham, p. 133. — Beaconsfield, 
p. 106. 

ST. ALBANS TO STAINES. 

St. Albans to Watford (7^) ; in St. Albans, Holywell Hill to ride 
down, very stiff, to B. Colne, followed by a stiff ascent, then a good road 
with easy hills, through St. Stephens, 1, Chiswell Green, if, and by 
Garstons Ho., b^t 

Beyond St. Albans, on I., Sopwell, ruins of Benedictine nunnery, erected 
1140; beyond it. New Bams. Past St. Stephens, on I., St. Julians. Past 
Garstons Ho., on I., Aldenham Abbey, Edge Grove, Munden, Wall Hall, &c. 
Before Garstons Ho., on r., High Elms, and 2m. off, Langley Ho. and Cecil H&., 
&c. Entering Watford, on r., Nascott Ho. Watford, p. 129. 

Watford to Bickmansworth (3i — lOf) is a very good road; 
skirting Cashiobury Park to Cashio Bridge, 8^, then long rise, followed by 
very steep descent to Scots Bridge, at the entrance of Rickmansworth. 
[Or, fmat the Workhouse along some country lanes and by the side of Moor 
Park on L, is a good level road, nearly a mile longer.] 

On r., Cashiobury Park, The Lodge, &c. On r., Scots Bridge Ho. ; on I., 
Croxley Hall. By lower x'oad, on r., Moor Ho. j on I., Moor Park. Rickmans- 
worth, p. 134. 

Rickmansworth to Uxbridge (8— 18|) ; capital road, level through 
Mill End, llf, Maple Cross, 12f (keep to I. of two fork roads), to West 



291 

Hyde, 13|, after which are one or two small hills : runs close to B. Colne. 
Keturning, 2m. out of Uxbridge, turn to r. 

Beyond West Hyde, on I., Harefield Park; 2m. before Uxbridge, on I., Denham 
Place and Denham Court. Uxbridge, p. 106. 

Uxbridge to Longford (6 — 24f ) ; in Uxbridge turn to r. past the 
station, and through Cowley Street, 20|^, Peachey, 21, Yewsley, 21|, and 
West Drayton, 22^, is across country, and except in winter and early spring, 
is in fair order : there are no hills. 

Longford to Staines (3 — 27f ) is a good road. Returning, out of 
Staines turn to I. 

About half-way on I., Stanwell Place. Staines, p. 46. 

BASINGSTOKE TO THAME. 

Basingstoke to Aldermaston (9^) ; in Basingstoke turn to r^ 
passing the ruins of the Holy Ghost Chapel, and a little farther, when clear 
of the town, keep to r., and through Sherborne St. John, 3, Pamber Bad, 
41, Tadley, 6^, and over Silchester Common : good road. Returning, lin. 
S. of Aldermaston keep to I. 

Beyond Sherborne, Im. on r.. The Vine, and a little farther, Cuffell Ho. and 
Beaurepaire Ho. At Silchester Common, 3m. on r., Silchester, the remains of a 
Roman town j see p. 95. Before Aldermaston, on r., Aldermaston Park ; on Z., 
Wasing Ho. 

Aldermaston to Jack's Booth (4 — 13|); join the Bath road l\m. 
beyond Aldermaston; all but level and good smooth surface. 

Before Jack's Booth, on I. Im., Beenham Ho. ; on r. l^m., Ufton Court, and 
Sulhampstead Ho. 

Jack's Booth, to Pangbourne (4^ — 17f) ; about Im. past Jack's 
Booth turn to I., and through Englefield, 14f , and Tidmarsh, 16| ; good road. 
On I., Englefield Ho. Pangbourne, p. 99. 

Pangbourne to Streatley (4— 21f ) — p. 100. 

Streatley to Wallingford (5— 26|) ; just beyond Streatley keep to 
r., and through Moulsford, 23, is an undulating road with several sharp but 
short hills ; flint road with splendid smooth hard surface. Runs close to 
R. Thames. 

(Moulsford : Beetle and Wedge.) 

Wallingford, p. 101. 

Wallingford to Shillingford (3— 29|) ; 2m. farther cross B. Thaines, 
by Shillingford Bridge, and there is a long rise into Shillingford; good 

road. 

[Shillingford : Swan.) 

Shillingford to Thame (12 — 41|) ; turn to r. from the Dorchester 
road and through Warborough [ch.), 30^, Newington {cli.), 32f , Stadhampfcon 
{ch.), 34^, Little Milton, 35^, and by the Three Pigeons, 38, where cross the 
High Wycombe and Oxford road. 

On I., Newingt^on Ho. On I., Milton Ho., and on r. 2m., Haseley Court. Past 
Three Pigeons, on I., Eyecote Park. S. of Thame Im., Thame Park. 

NEWBURY TO ANDOVER. 

Newbury to Highclere Street (5^); out of cLe town keep to r^ 
find over Wash Bridge, 2^. 



292 

Afc fl!igKclere Street, on L, Ivy Ho. and Higliclere IIo. ; on r., ttarewood 
liodge and Cell Ho. 

Highclere Street to Andover (10|— 16) ; stiff ascent up to Three 
Legged Cross, 6.j, shortly followed by long descent, then through Hurst- 
bourne Tarrant, 10|, Kings Enham, 13|, and Knights Enham, 14^. 

Andovor, p. 58. 

OXFORD TO WINCHESTER. 

Oxford to Abingdon (6^) ; cross R. Thames, and through South 
Hinksey, 2, and Bagley Wood, 3, is a good road. 

Before Abingdon, ou I., Radley II"). Abingdon, p. 105. 

Abingdon to East Ilsley (11 — 17A); in Abingdon turn to r., and 
when through the town to I., and through Drayton, 8j, and Steventon 
(Green), 10|, whence it is chiefly uphill — at 2m. farther crossing the 
Wallingford and Wantage road — through Chilton, 14|. and Kates Gore, 15f . 

At Steventon, ou ?., Milton Ho.', Im. farther, on r., Milton Hill; at cross 
roads, on r., Ileudred Ho. 

East Ilsley to Newbury, cli. (9^—27) ; through Beedon, 20, 
Chieveley, 22^, Donnington, 26, and Speenhamland, 26f. 

At Beedon, on I., Langley Hall. At Chieveley, on L, Prior's Court. Xewbury, 
p. 88. 

Newbury to Whitchurch (12^— 39|); just out of ISTewbury, after 
the railway, keep to I., and through Newtown, 29, Whitway, 32, past 
Burghclere on I., bj Seven Barrows, and through Litchfield, 35J, whence 
it is nearly all downhill to Whitchurch ; rather hilly. Returning, a mile 
out of Whitchurch keep to I. 

Before Newtown, on I., Sandleford Priory ; on r., Sandleford Cottage, Newtown 
So., and Hawwood Lodge. At Whitway, Im. on I., Sidmonton Ho. ; on ?"., Beacon 
Hill ; before it, on r., Highclere Ho. Whitcharch, p. 58. 

Whitchurch to Sutton Scotney (5^ — 44f ) ; uphill through Tufton, 
40^, and descent down Tidbury Hill, 42|-, to Upper Bullington, 43|, then 
slightly uphill. 

Sutton Scotney to Winchester (6^ — 51^), over Worthy Down. 
Returning, 2^in. out of Winchester keep to r. 
Winchester, p. 39. 

OXFORD TO SALISBURY. 

Oxford to Abingdon (6^) — above. 

Abingdon to Wantage (10 — 16^); in Abingdon turn to r. and 
through Marcham, 9^ (about fin. farther turn to I.), East Hanney, 12f, and 
across East Hanney Field. [Or to the cross roads 2m. beyond Steventon, 
lOf, above ; then turn to r. and through Ardington, 14^, — p. 101 ; same 
distance.] 

On r., Marcham Park. Wantage, p. 101. 

Wantaga to Humgerford (14 — 30|); beyond Wantage is a steep 
hill to mount, dangerous to ride down when coming the reverse 
direction, then mostly downhill through Great or West Shejiord, 24^, and 
Newtown, 28^. 



^3 



[Or from the cross roads beyond Steventon, through West Hendred, 
13^, East Lockinge, 14|, whence is a long steep hill to climb, and then 
chiefly downhill through Farnborough, 17i, to West Shefford, 23^.] 

5m. past Wantage, oa I., Woolley Park. On the top of the hill, beyond 
"Wantage, on r., Letcombe Castle, an ancient entrenchment; a little farther, 
Letcombe Bowers. 2m. past Shefford, on r., Ploughley and Inholtnes. Past 
Newtown, on r., Eddington Ho. and Chilton Lodge. Hungerford, p. 88. 

Hungerford to Marton (6^—361) ; follow the valley of the B. 
Bourn, through Shalbouru, 33|- : good road. 

Marton to North Tidworth (7f— 44i) ; from Wascombe, 38, the 
road is rather hilly, going over Waxcombe Down, Collingbourn Down, and 
Collingbourn Heath, to Collingbourn Ducis (Shears Inn), 41^, and about 
Im. after crossing the Ludgershall road {4:3m.) turn to I. for North Tidworth : 
pretty fair road, but rather rough in places. [Or at Marton, turn to r. 
through East Grafton, 38^, West Grafton, 39, where turn to L, and through 
Collingbourn Kingston, 42|, Collingbourn Sutton, 43^, and Collingbourn 
Ducis, 43f, joining the other road Iw. before ISTorth Tidworth, 47i; capital 
easy road, for the latter half running down the valley of the Winterbourn.] 

(North Tidworth: Ram; Sun.) 

Im. before N. Tidworth, on r., Sidbury Hill Castle, an ancient entrenchment. 
Tidworth Park on I. 

North Tidworth to Salisbury (15— 59|) ; keep down the Winter- 
bourn valley through South Tidworth, 45|-, Shipton, 46|, by Park House, 
48, Cholderton, Wilbury Park, Newton Stoney, Allington, East Boscombe, 
Idmiston, Porton, Winterbourn Gunner, Winterbourn Dantsey, Winter- 
bourn Earls, and Hurcot, to St. Thomas's Bridge, b7\, where join the 
London road, as at p. 47 ; capital road and undulating,with a few stiff hills. 
[The above is not the main road, which keeps straight on \m. before North 
Tidworth, and runs direct across the downs to Salisbury, 68|, bub is a very 
V>illy and bad road for half the distance, being little better than a sheep 
ti-ack ; the latter half is also hilly, ending with a long winding descent past 
Old Sarum, 57^^, and the hills require careful riding down as they are often 
loose and stony. Eeturning, leave Salisbury by Castle street, and outside 
the town past the railway keep to r.] 

Salisbury, p. 47. 

MARLBOROUGH TO SALISBURY. 

Marlborough to Burbage (6)— p. 272 ; reversed. 

Burbage to East Everley (5|— 11^)— p. 272; reversed. 

East Everley to Salisbury (16—27^) ; very hilly and rough road, 
crossing part of Salisbury Plain for 6lm., when join the Hungerford road, 
and thence to Salisbury it improves as to surface, but is still very hilly, 
ending with a long winding descent past Old Sarum, 2b^, and the hills 
require careful riding do^vn, as thev are often loose and stony. Eeturning, 
leave Salisbury by Castle street, and outside the town, past the railway, 
keep to r. 

[Or from Burhar/e, keep to I. l^m. further, and through Collingbourn 
Kingston, 9, Collingbourn Sutton, 9-|-, and Collingbourn Ducis, 10 — (above) 
whence forward to Nortk Tidworth, \2>h — above, and thence to Salishuru, 
15— 28^— above. 



294 

Or from East Eoerley turn to I. on the hilly Ludgershall road for 2|m. 
to junction of above roads, then turn to r. to North TLdworth, 16^.] 

MARLBOROUGH TO SALISBURY (by Amesbnry). 

Marlborough to Pawsey (6^) ; more or less uphill for 3.jw. out of 
Marlborough, then steep descent through Oare, 4|, aboub hii. further keep 
to I. ; good flint road. 

{Pewsey : Phoeuix, B.T.C-) 

Pewsey to Up Avon (5 — IH); through Manningford Bruce, 8|, over 
Wood Bridge, 9|, and through Rushall, lOj ; good road, level or slightly 
downhill. 

On I., Kxishall Park. 

Up Avon to Amesbury (9— 20i) ; there are two roads, one on either 
bank of the E. Avon : the better one is that on the left or E. side of 
the valley running through Chisenbury, Enford, Combe, Haxton, Figeldean, 
Milston, and Bulford ; level nearly all the way, and a capital flint road. 
The road by the right bank, through Chisenbury, Enford, Fyfield, Nether 
Avon, and Durrington, is not so easy, there being several stiff though not 
long hills, ending with a steep descent into Amesbury. 

On I., Chisenbury Priory and Chisenbury Camp. Netheravon Ho. Amesbury, 
p. 69. 

Amesbury to Salisbury (8 — 28^) ; through Amesbury turn to I. 
instead of crossing the river, and afterwards keep to r., ascending a stiff 
hill, with long fall on the other side to Great Durnford, 23j, and then 
undulating through Salterton, 24f , Little Durnford, 25^, and Stratford- 
under-Castle, 26f : good surface ; pretty ride. [Or through Amesbury 
follow the Stonehenge road for im., then turn to I. through Littl^i 
Amesbury, 21, Wilsford, Upper Woodford, Middle Woodford, and Lower 
Woodford, about 2m. beyond which cross R. Avon to Stratford-under-Castle , 
two or three steep hills to negotiate, and the surface is not so good as the 
other route, being rather rough and loose in places.] Returning, leave 
Salisbury by Castle street, and outside the town keep to I. [Or out of 
Amesbury keep to I., and up the hill on to Salisbury Plain, a long ascent, 
easy at first, then steep at the top with a sharp turn in it, after which is a 
sharp descent and corresponding ascent, both sometimes loose and stony ; 
then joining the Hungerford and Marlborough road, there is a good run for 
2 or 3m. across Amesbury Down, from which is a long but gradual descent, 
followed at a distance of 2m. by a steep ascent, and finally a long winding 
descent, which should be ridden down very carefully ; some of these slopes 
are often loose and stony, and require careful riding.] 

At Great Durnford, on L, Ogbourn Camp, an ancient hill fortress. 

OXFORD TO BANBURY. 

Oxford to Sturdy's Castle (8:^); in Oxford keep to r. of the 
Woodstock road, and through Summerstown, l^,Kidlington (end of), 4^, 
and over Langford Wharf, b\ (cross Oxford Canal), is for the most part 
pretty level riding, the few slight undulations there are being chiefly on 
the rise : bad road, rather narrow, and generally rutty or stony : at 73m. 
cross the London road through Islip. 



295 

Sturdy's Castle to Hopcroft's Holt (3^ — 11|) is a similar kiiid 
of road, but almost level. 

Im. before Hopcroft's Holt, on Z., Maiden Bower, the sit© of an ancient camp. 
At Sturdj's Castle, cross the line of the Roman Akeman Street j on r., 
Tackley Fark. Before Hopcroft's Holt, on r., Rousham Park. 

Hopcroft's Holt to Deddington (4^ — 16); the road continties bad, 
lumpy and rutty, but fairly level, to the Fox and Crown, 14, then there is 
a long steep descent, followed by corresponding uphill, into Deddington, 
and the surface begins to improve. 

The road between Oxford and Deddington is mostly made of a kind of 
limestone, inclined to be rough when dry, and giving a clayey surface -when 
wet, and retaining water long. 

At Fox and Crown, on r.. North Aston Park. At Deddington, on r., remains 
of castle or entrenchment. 

Deddington to Adderbury (2| — 18f ) ; there are a couple of steep 
descents with similar intervening hills to climb, and all of which require 
careful riding in descending : the surface is somewhat better, though still 
not good. 

On I., Adderbury JB'o. 

Adderbury to Banbury (3^—22)— p. 131. 

ST. ALBANS TO WARE. 

St. Albans to Hatfield (5) ; from the Luton road turn to r. in St. 
Albans ; descent from the town, and then a gradual rise past Horseshoe 
Gate, and rest level : splendid smooth road. 

Im. before Hatfield, on i., Harpsfield Hall. Hatfield, p. 184. 

Hatfield to Hertford (7^—12^) ; by Hatfield Mills, 6, and Coin or 
Cole Green, 8^, and through Hertingfordbury, lOf , is rather hilly i good 
road, but sometimes sandy. 

Past Hatfield, on r., Hatfield Park^ on I., Bush Hall. At Coin Green, on Z., 
Panshanger Park ; on r., Wolmers. On r., Hertingfordbury Park, and Bayford 
Bury Park. Hertford, p. 224. 

Hertford to Ware (3— 15^) is fairly level but inclined to be sandy. 
Beyond Hertford, on r., Balls Park. Im. before Ware, on I., Ware Park. 
Ware, p. 222. 

OXFORD TO CAMBRIDGE. 

Oxford to Wheatley (5^)— p. 107 ; reversed. 

Wheatley to Thame (7^ — 13) ; descent to and long rise from 
Wheatley Bridge, 6|, then fni. beyond it keep to I. (where the right hand 
road goes under a railway bridge), and it is an undulating road and fair 
going through Aldbury, P, and North Weston, 11. [Or beyond Wheatley 
Bridge keep straight on to Three Pigeons, 9^, then turn to l. at the cross 
roads, and to Thame, 13^.] 

Before Wheatley, on r., Shotover Ho. ; a little farther, on I., Holton Park. 
2m. beyond Wheatley Bridge, on I., Waterperry Ho. and Waterstock Jiu. 

{Thame : Spread Eagle, B.T.C.) 

Thame to Aylesbury (9f— 22f); good and almost level road through 



29G 

Iladdenliam, 161, Dinton, 18^, Stono. 19^-, and Harfcwcll, 20| ; there is a 
short steep ascent to make before eul^ui-ing Aylesbury: paved through the 
town. 

At Iladdenham, on r., Tythrope Uo. ; Im. on l., remains of Notley Abbey. 
On Z., Ilartwell Ho. Aylesbury, p. 130. 

Aylesbury to Dunstable (16 — 38f) ; sharp but short descent just 
before leaving Aylesbury, then level and very good road through Aston 
Clinton, 26f , and over the Wendover Canal, 28, from which there is a long 
and rather steep ascent to climb (good and perfectly safe to ride down the 
contrary direction) ; at the top (1 in. short of Tring) turn to I. and it is a 
hilly road through Bulborne, 31 (cross Grand Junction Canal), and Iving- 
hoe(endof), 33, and over Beacon Hill, 33f, and 7?-. Ouzell,35|; in particular 
along ascent over Beacon Hill and descent into Dunstable. 

From near Tring the road follows the supposed line of the old Icknield 
Way. 

Tring, p. 130.— Dunstable, p. 138. 

Dunstable to Luton (5 — 13|) is a good road, gently undulating all 
the way. 

3/». out of Dunstable, at Leagrave Marsli, l^?)i. on L, Wadlud's Bank, an 
ancient entrenchmennt. Luton, p. 188. 

Luton to Hitchin (8^ — 52^) ; in Luton turn sharp to I. past the cli. 
find station; there is a long steep hill to climb to Round Green, 4I4, and 
then through Lilley, 474-, and Ofliiey, 49^, is good but rather hilly. 

Before Lilley, on r., Pulleridge Bury Park. Offley Place onr. Ilitchin, p. 185. 

Hitchin to Baldock (4J — 57) ; at Hitchin turn sharp to ?., then to 
r., and then to Z. again, after which through Wals worth, 53 1-, and Letch- 
worth, 65, is a very good road with no difficult hills. 

At Letchworth, Im. on L, Wilbury Hill, a Eoman camp. Baldock, p. 194. 

Baldock to Royston (S|— 65|), past Odsey Ho., (Sl\, is a capital 
road, pretty level at fu-st, and with one or two hills towards the end, but 
nothing difficult. 

At Odsey Ifo., 2m. on I., Harborough Banks, an ancient entrenchment. 
Iloyston, p. 223. 

Royston to Cambridge (13— 78 1)— p. 227; in Eoyston take second 
turn to L 

OXFORD TO CAMBRIDGE (by Leighton Buzzard). 

Oxford to Aylesbury (22|)— p. 295. 

Aylesbury to Leighton Buzzard (lOJ — 33^); pretty level through 
Uierton, 24|, to Rowsham, 26|, whence is a long stiff hill to mount, then 
there are a couple of rises before Wing, 30|^, and long descent to Chelsea, 
o2f (tufn to r. and cross railway and canal) ; good surface. 

{Leighton Buzzard: Bell Inn ; Elephant and Castle; Swan; Unicorn, B.T.C) 
On r., Wing Park. At Leighton Buzzard, the parish ch., erected in the 13th 
century; also handsome cross of the 14th century, recently restored. 

Leighton Buzzard to Hocklifife (3| — 37) ; undulating, but 
macadam surface, rather rough. 

Hocklifife to Woburn (4|— 4U)— p, 154; keep straight tlirough 
Hockliffe. 



297 

Woburn to Amp thill (7|— 48f)— p. 188; alternative route. 

AmpthiU to Clophill, Sluts Green (3— olf ) ; through Moulden, 50J, 

level road. , 

Clophill to Shefford (?— 56f). 
About 2m. before Shefford, ou I., Chicksands Priory. 

ShefTord to Baldock (8^— 65^) ; through Clifton, oSl, and Stotfold 

G2-. 
"^* [Or from Hocld'ijfe to Dunstalle, 3|— 40|, p. 133, reversed; thence to 

HaUoclc, 181—59, p. 296]. 

Im. beyond CUfton, ou I., Ilenlow Grange. Baldock, p. 194. 

Baldock to Cambridge (2U— 86f)--p. 296. 

OXFORD TO CAMBRIDGE (by Bedford). 

Oxford to Bicester (13) ; follow the Banl3ury road for 4»i., then 
turn to r. through Gosford, 4^, over Gosford Bridge, 4| {E. Cherwell), at 
tJ:^ m. cross the London road through Islip, and through Wendlebury, 10 ; 
undulating road : entering Bicester turn to r. 

A little past the London road, on L, Heathfield JIo. Im. past Wendlebury, 
on r., Alchester, the site of a Uomau town or station; also Castle Uill; on i., 
Chesterton Lodge. Bicester, p. 132. 

Bicester to Finmere (7| — 20|) ; entering Bicester turn to r., in 
middle of the town to I., and leaving the town keep to r., making two sides 
of a triangle ; then through Fringford, 17, and Newton PurcGll, 18|. 

Im. past Bicester, a little on I., Caverslield Ho.-, Im. farther, on I., Fringford ifo 

Finmere to Buckingham (3^ — 23f) — p. 131, reversed. 

Buckingham to Stoney Stratford (8 — 31f) ; the road runs close 
to J^. Ouse all the way through Deanshanger, 29f, to Old Stratford, 314 
(turn to r.), and is almost level : good surface in dry weather. [Or 4w. 
from Buckingham turn to r., cross Grand Junction Canal and R. Ouse, and 
by the right bank through Thornton, 28|, Beachampton, 29|,and Calverton, 
31|, beyond which ^m. turn to I. to Stoney Stratford, 32|.] 

At 4m. on l., Wieken Park. Stoney Stratford, p. 138. 

Stoney Stratford to Newport Pagnell (6— 37|); in the former 
turn to Z., [if through Beachampton turn to r.J ; very rough road but 
level to Wolverton, 32 f, beyond which are rise and fall over Stanton Hill 
to Stanton Bridge, 35f , otherwise fairly level : for the greater part of the 
distance the surface is indifferent. [Or entering Wolverton keep to r. and 
past "Wolverton Station, a little farther rejoining the other road again.J 

{Newport Pagnell : Swan, B.T.C.) 

Newport Pagnell to Bedford (13| — 51^); beyond Newport turn 
to r., and again beyond Sherrington Bridge, 38|, and then through 
Chicheley,40.V, Astwood, 43^, and Stagsden, 46^, and over Bromham Bridge, 
4Sl, {B. Ouse), is an easy undulating road: the surface soon improves con- 
siderably, and approachmg Bedford it becomes good, and there is a nice 
run into the town. 

[Or from Nevjjport Pagnell, — above, to Ohieij, 5 — 42| — p. 188 ; out of 
Olney keep to r., and through Cold Brayfield, 45|, to Turvey, 46 1, is level 
i-unning near B. Ouse, but liable to be flooded in wet seasons ; then a rise, 
followed bj a long descent to Bromham Bridge, 50 j : ver j bad road.] 



298 

[Or to Ampthill, 48f,— p. 297; thence to Bedford, 8— 56|,— p. 188.] 
On r., Chincheley Hall; on I., Im., Astwood B*iry Park ; on i., Bromham 
Hall, Bedford, p. 185. 

Bedford to Great Barford (6 — 57^) ; in Bedford turn to r., cross 
R. Ouse, and in the suburb of St. John's, 61f , turn to I. and by Cardington 
Cross, b3^, and through Willington, bb^, is nearly level : splendid smooth 
surface ; turn to I. and cross B. Ouse at Barford Bridge, just before Great 
Barford. [Or at Bedford keep straight on through Goldington Green, 52|-, 
to Great Barford, 57.] The roads run along the Ouse valley. 

Beyond Goldington Green, on I., Hawbury Hall. 

Great Barford to Eaton Socon (4f — 62); stiff ascent near Eoxton, 
59|, otherwise capital easy road, through Wiboston, 60f . 
On r., Eoxton Park. 

Eaton Socon to St. Neots (1^—631)— pp. 194 and 224. 

St. Neots to Eltisley (5^ — 6-9) ; beyond St. Neots is a long very 
gradual ascent, after which it is pretty level through Weald or Weld, 66^ ; 
capital surface. 

About 2m. beyond Weald, on r., Croxton Park. Eltisley, p. 224. 

Eltisley to Cambridge (11| — 80f ) ; the road is fairly level with 
excellent surface, across Eltisley Field or Common and Madingley Field, 
beyond which is a steep hill to descend : not a village the whole way, rather 
a monotonous ride. 

[Or at Willington, 55|, above, turn to r. through Moggerhanger, 67, 
over Girtford Bridge, 68^, through Sandy, 59|^, Potton, 63, and Cockayne 
Hatley, 6bj, to Cambridge, 795,] 

3^m. before Cambridge, at Madingley Field, on L, Madingley Park 
Cambridge, p. 227. 

OXFOED TO PETERBOROUGH. 

Oxford to Middleton Stoney (llf) ; follow the Banbury road for 
4m., then turn to r., through Gosford, 4|, over Gosford Bridge, 4|- {B. 
Cherwell), at 6^m. cross the London road through Islip, and l^m. further 
turn to I., and through Weston on the Green, 8 ; undulating road, with very 
bad surface. 

A little past the London road, on I., Heathfield Ho. ; on I., Weston Manor Ho. 
At Middleton Stoney, on l.y Middleton Park and Castla 

Middleton Stoney to Baynard's Green (3|— 15-|-); through 
Ardley, 14r|-, is rather more hilly. 

On L, Ardley Castle. Im. on I., is the line of an ancient entrenchment, called 
Avesbank, Avesditch, or Wattlebank, extending from near Kirtlington to 
Souldern, 6 or 7'>n. 

Baynard's Green to Barley Mow Inn (3— 18|) is up and down 
hill, the last mile crossing Cottisford Heath. 
Im. past Baynard's Green, on r., Tusmore Ho. 

Barley Mow Inn to Braekley (2| — 21); level for the first half, 
then a couple of falls and rises alternating into Braekley. 
Before Braekley, on r., Evenley Hall. Braekley, p. 136. 

Braekley to Towcester (11 — 32); through Syresham, 25, Whittle- 



299 

wood Forest, and Silversfcone, 28j, is a hilly road, all up and down, with 
one or two stiff pulls. Returning, about 2^n-. from Towcester turn to r. 

Beyond Brackley, on r., Turweston Ho. At Syresham, on r., Biddlesden Ho. 
Towcester, p. 138. 

Towcester to Northanipton (9 — 41) ; fair road past Easton ITeston 
Park, through Hulcote, 33^, Ellsworth, 36, Middleton or Milton Alsor, 37^ : 
there are one or two stiff hills to climb, and a long one (Hunsbury Hill) to 
descend into IN'orthampton. Returning, turn to. r. past the canal out of 
Northampton. 

Northampton, p. 154. 

Northampton to Wellingborough (9f — 50f ) ; in Northampton 
turn to r. at the top of the hill; it is rather hilly but always a good hard 
road through Abington, 42:^, Weston-Favel, 43|, Great Billing, 44|, Ecton, 
46, and Wilby, 48f ; about halfway is Barton Hill to be walked up ; descent 

from Wilby. 

On r., Abington Abbey. On r., Great Billing Eo. ; on I., Billing Grange and 
Overstone Park. On r., Ecton Park. Wellingborough, p. 189. 

Wellingborough to Finedon (3| — 54) ; the road now gets worse. 
On I., Finedon Hall. 

Finedon to Thrapston (7 — 61) ; fairly good undulating road, with 
a steep descent before Islip, 59f . Returning, ^m. out of Thrapston keep to I. 

At the junction of the roads, on r., Woodford Lodge; on I., Twywell Lodge, 
and Cranford Hall. Before Islip, Im. on I., Islip Lodge and Drayton Mo. 
Thrapston, p. 193. 

Thrapston to Oundle (8 — 69): in Thrapston turn to Z., and through 
Thorp Waterville, 63|, and Barnwell St. Andrews, Q7, the road runs near 
the B. Nen, and crosses it before Oundle. 

Before Barnwell, on L, Lifford Hall. Beyond, on r., Barnwell Castle, and 
ruins of a castle erected 1132. Oundle, p. 193. 

Oundle to Elton (5 — 74); crossE. Nen and through "Warmington, 72. 
Im. before Warmington, on I., across R. Nen, Cotterstock Hall. At Elton, on 
I., Elton Hall, and 2m. distant, ruins of Fotheringhay Castle. 

Elton to Peterborough (8 — 82); turn tor. and through Chestertoi^ 
76|, by Kate's Cabin Inn, 77 (cross the Great North road), through 
Alwalton, 77^, Overton Waterville, 79, Overton Longville or Long Orton, 
79j, and Woodstone, 81, whence cross B. Nen, Eeturning, after crossing 
B. Nen turn to r. 

On I., Alwalton Castle ; Im. distant, close to Great North Road the siteof the 
Roman station, Durobrivae. At Long Orton, on I., across R. Nen, Thorpe Hall ; 
on r.y Orton Hall. Peterborough, p. 215. 

NORTHAMPTON TO STAMFORD. 

Northampton to Kettering (13|) ; directly out of the town a steep 
hill has to be mounted, and the next lOm., passing Buttock's Booth, 3:^, are 
almost level, over a dreary lonely road to the only village on the stage, 
Broughton, 11, leaving which is a sharp hill to descend. 

About 5m. out of Northampton, on r., Overstone Park. Kettering, p. 185. 

Kettering to Great Weldon (9— 22f ) ; through Weekley, 15|. 
Geddington, 17i, and Stanion, 20^. 



300 

Past Weekley, on r., Boughton Park and Ho. On Z., Geddington Ho, 
Before Great Weldon, on I., Weldon Grange. 

Great Weldon to Duddington (8|— 31^) ; cliiefly a gradual uphill 
to Balwick, 26^, and then downhill by Fineshade, 29. 

Beyond Weldon, on r., Weldon Park; Im. farther, on I., Dene Park. Past 
Buhvick, on l., Bulwick Hall j on r., Blatherwick Hall; on Z., Laxton Hall ; on r., 
Fineshade Abbey. 

Duddington to Stamford (5— 36^) ; through Colly Weston, 32 f, 
and Easton, 3-4^. Returning, after crossing B. Welland turn to r 

[Or to Elton, 33, — p. 299 ; thence straight on to Wansford, 36|, and on 
to Stamford, 5f— 42^, p. 195.] 

Stamford, p. 195. 

BANBURY TO DEVIZES. 

Banbury to South Newington (5f ) : from Banbury Cross take 
the London road, and when leaving the town turn to r. ; long ascent past 
and over Crouch Hill, then two or three rather steep hills up and down 
through Bloiham, 3|, and a stiff descent into South iS'ewington : average 
load. 

About 2m. from Banbury, on L, Wykham Ho. 

Stoke Newington to Chipping Norton (7?— 13) ; stiff ascent 
out of the former, then pretty good riding over a gently undulating road 
past Pomfret Castle, 9, and by Over Norton Common, 11. 

At Pomfret Castle, on r., Swerford Park. At Over Norton Common, Im. on 
I., Heythrop Park. Chipping Norton, p. 118. 

Chipping Norton to Burford (11—24); nearly through the former 
turn to I.; almost level for ^m., then long downhill to Shipton-under- 
Whichwood, 20 (where cross B. E^enlode), and thence over Shipton 
Downs and through FuUbrook, 23j : not a good road. Eeturning, out of 
Burford turn to r. 

About 3m. from Chipping Norton, a little on r., Sarsden Ho. At 3fw., on 
r., a circular camp and several barrows farther on. On r., Shipton Court ; on L, 
Whichwood Forest. Bui-ford, p. 108. 

[Or at the fork roads, 2m. out of South Newington, turn to I., and 
undulating road through Great Tew, 9^, and Church Enstone, 12, with a 
long fall to Gliarlbury, 16, where turn sharp to r., then to I., cross B. 
Evenlode, and there is a long uphill, and after that rather hilly for about 
dm., on to Shipton Downs, where join the other road, and to Burford, 25.] 

On I., Great Tew Park. Befoi'e Church Enstone, Im. on r., Heythrop Park. 
Past Charlkury, on I., Cornbury Park j l^m. past, on the hill, on I., Ranger's 
Lodge. 

Burford to Lechlade (9 — 33) ; very steep ascenc out of Burford 
(that requires care in riding down), then a gradual downhill to Broughton 
Poggs, 29j, crossing over the Cotswold Hills, here consisting of nothing 
but bare downs, and the rest level and good. 

Lechlade, p. 103. 

Lechlade to Highworth (5|— 38't) through Inglesham, 34i. 
Highworth, p. 102. 

Highworth to Swindon (6^— 45) through Stratton St. Margaret's 
43. Returning, ^m, out of Swindon turn to r. 



801 

2m. oafc of Siglxworbli, on r., Stanton Ko. Swlndoa, p. 101* 

Swindon to Wroughton (2j — i7|); good road, alraosb Well 
entrance of Wrougliton keep to r. 

Wroughton to Backhampfcon Inn (8^ — 56); good smooth road 
through Broad Hinfcon, AVinterboariie Bisset, Barwick Basset, Winter- 
bourne Monkton, and Avebury, 55, where keep to r.: undiilatmg road. 

Aveburj and Beckhampton Inn, p. 89. 

Baokhampton Inn to D3viz3S (71— 33|)— p. 95. 

BANBUHY TO DEVIZES (by Farin^don). 

Banbury to Charlbury (16)— p. 300. 

Charlbury to Witney (7^23^) ; pretty level to Fawler Mill, I?} 
(cross B. Bvenlode), whence it is uphill through Finstock, 18|, on to 
Finstock Heath, then after a little level, chiefly downhill again through 
Willy or White Oak Green, and Hailey, 21f. 

Witney, p. 108. 

Witney to B imp ton (S? — 28|) ; nearly through Witney turn to r. 
on the Burfordroad, and at the three fork roads, just outside the town, take 
the middle one through Curbridgo, 25|, and across Curbridge Common. 
Returning, Ihm. out of Bampton turn to r. 

[Or to Ijtirford,2h (p. 300) ; here turn to I., and follow the Witney road 
for lf))i., then turn to r., and through ISTorton Brize, 28, to Bampton, 30|.] 

At Bampton are remains of a castle, said to have been bailt by King Joka. 

Bampton to Clanfield (2^—31) ; in Bampton turn to r. 
[Or to Biirfonl,2-ii (p. 300) ; here through the town turn first to h then 
to v., and through Blackbourton, 29^, to Glanfield, 30|-.] 

Clanfield to Paringdon (4|— 35|); through Radcot, 32|, and, 
over Radcot Bridge, 33^; entrance of Faringdon turn to r. 

Faringdon to Swindon (12^ — iS) ; through Faringdon keep to I, 
and by White's Cross, 38J^, through Shrivenham, 41, and over Hackron 
Bridge, 43. Returning, keep to r. twice, at ^m. and l^m. out of Swindon, 

At Shrivenham, on L, Beckett Park and Mo. 

Swindon to Devizes (18^—661)— above. 

WITNEY TO BANBURY. 

Witney to Woodstock (8f) ; undulating road by Enshara Dames neg 
3|, through Long Handborough, 4|, over Handborough Bridge, 6 {R. 
Evenlode), and through Bladon, 6|, a mile further joining the Oxford road, 
on which turn to I. 

At 3m. on r., Easham Hall and Park; jast before it, in Woodleyg Copse, is a 
Roman camp. From |m. before Handborough, ran close to Blenheim Park, on I. 
At Bladon, on r., on the hill, is a circular camp called Round Castle. At Ensham 
Demesnes, l^yn. on I., is the site of a Roman villa. Woodstock, p. 118. 

Woodstock to Sturdy's Castle (2 — 10|) ; in Woodstock turn to r. 

Sturdy's Castle to Banbury (13|— 24^-)— p. 295. 



302 

MARLBOROUGH TO CIRENCESTER. 

Marlborough to Wootton Bassett (12) ; in Marlborough turn to 
r. and across Marlborough Ooraraon, and Marlborough Downs is level or 
uphill for about bm., then long downhill to Broad Hinton, 7, followed by 
another descent at Broad Town, 8. 

At 3j»i., on I., Rockley So. Wootton Bassett, p. 101. 

Wootton Bassett to Cirencester (12| — 24|) through Ashton 
Keynes, 20. 

CRICKLADE TO MELKSHAM. 

Criclilade to Wootton Bassett (7|) ; over Littleworth Bridge, 1^, 
through Purton Stoke, 2|-, Purton Street, 4|, and Hooke Street, 6^. 

At Purton Street, ou I., Purton Ho. and Lydiard Ho. Im. past Purton Street, 
on r., Riugsbury Camp, At Hooke Street, on I., Lydiard Park. 

Wootton Bassett to Lyneham (4^— llf) — p. 101. 

Lyneliani to Calne (6^ — 18) ; turn to I. and through Great Acre, 
13^, and Hillmarton, 14^. 

Before Calne, Iw. on i., Bassett ^o. Calne, p. 89. 

Calne to Melksham. (7f — 25f); across Chitway Heath, 21i, and 
through Westbrook Green, 22^. 

Beyond Calne, on r., Bowood Park. At Chitway Heath, on r., Spy Park. 
(^Melksham: Kings's Arms, B.T.Q.) 

BURFORD TO CIRENCESTER. 

Bur ford to Bibury (92) about hn. out of Burford keep to Z., and 
through Aldsworth, 6|-. 
On L, Bibury Eo. 

Bibury to Cirencester (7| — 17) through Barnsley, 13. Returning, 
\in. out of Cirencester keep to r. 

On r., Barnsley Park. Cirencester, p. 104. 

BANBURY TO DAVENTRY. 

Banbury to By field (9 J) ; in Banbury go down the High street, 
cross canal and U. Cherwell, about ^m. farther turn to I., and by Huscote, 
2, through Williamsjeote, 4, Wardington, 5, and Chipping Warden, 6| ; good 
road with two long steep hills. 

Beyond Huscote, a little onr., Chalcomb Priory. At Chipping Warden, on I., 
Arbury, or Arberry Banks, the site of a Roman camp ; on r., Edgecott Hall ; also 
Dnnsmore and Wallow Bank, Roman encampments. 

Byfleld to Daventry (7| — 17) ; through Oharweli on, llf, and Badby, 
14^, is an excellent but hilly road, some of the hills stiff ones. 
At Badby, on r., Fawsley Park ; on J., Catesby Park and Ho. 

BUCKINGHAM TO GLOUCESTER. 

Buokingham to Aynho-on-the-Hill (11^)— p. 131. 



303 

Aynho-on-the-Hill to Deddington (3— 14^) ; keeping to I, it is 
l^m. downhill to B. Cherwell bridge, then short rise through Clifton, 13. 
Entrance of Deddington, on I., remains of castle or entrenchment. 

Deddington to Chipping Norton (11— 25J) ; fairly level for a 
a coaple of miles through Hampton, 16, then a long descent with ascent 
again to Iron Down, 17f, and the rest is pretty good riding over a gently 
undulating road, joining the Banbury road at I9km., and passing Pomfret 
Castle, 21|, and Over ]^orton Common, 23^. 

Beyond Hampton, nearly Im. on L, a castle or ancient hill fort. Chipping 
Norton, p. 118. 

Chipping l^orton to Stow-on-the-Wold (8— 33^) ; through 
Salford, 27^, to Salford Hill (or Cross Hands), 28^, where turn to l, across 
Chastleton Heath, and through Oddington, 31^; steep ascent into Stow. 

[Or keep straight through Chipping Norton, and through Churchill, 
28f, and Kingham, 30^ to Stow-on-the-Wold, 34|-.] 

Past Salford, on I., Corn well. On Chastleton Heath, on r., an old 
camp, and Chastleton Hill Ho. ; a little farther, on r., Aldestrop Park, and on Z., 
Daylesford Park. On L, Oddington Ho. Stow-on-the-WoId, p, 123. 

Stow-on-the-Wold to Winchcomba (13— 46|) ; steep descent 
out of Stow, and through Lower Swell, 34}, and Lower Guitmg, 40, and 
Sudeley, 45f . Winchcombe is paved. 

Before Guiting, on t., Guiting Park. At Sudeley, ruins of the castle. 

Winehcombe to Cheltenham (6f— 53) ; descent out of Winch- 
combe, and after a little level several long inclines occur for over 2m., 
all rideable except the last, which is steep and very w)ugh, otherwise fairly 
good surface ; twice at fork roads keep to r. ; then after a run down and 
up, the road winds round the shoulder of Cleeve Cloud Hill, and on the 
other side a long descent follows leading down from the Cotswold Hills, and 
IS dangerous to ride down without a good brake, as it is much steeper, with 
somewhat rough surface, and one cannot see to the bottom ; after this des- 
cent, for the last 2m., the road is level through Prestbury, 62|, but rough, 
entering Cheltenham by Winehcombe Street. 

Cheltenham, p. 109, 

Cheltenham to Gloucester (9— 62)— p. 109. 

[Or from Stow-on-the-Wold, steep descent out of the town, and through 
Lower Swell, 34^ where keep to l, and by Naunton Inn, 39^, to Andover- 
ford, 44^, oolite road, slippery in wet weather, some steep hills, but fine run 
on the whole ; thence to Cheltenham, 5^- 49|, pp. 108-9. 

Or from Andoverford to Kilkenny, 45f, whence by BirdUp, 52^ to 
Gloucester, 59^, p. 110.] 

BANBURY TO CHIPPINa CAMPDEN. 

Banbury to Shipston-on-Stour (14) ; turn to I. at Banbury Crosf-, 
and thi^ough Broughton, 2|, Lower Tadmarton, 4, Tadmarton, 4f , Swalcliffs, 
5j, Lower Brailes, 10^, and Over Brailes, 11, is up and down hiU work 
near y the whole way, and for the most part a bad road, on which pace and 
comfort are out of the question. 

At Broughton, on r., rains of castle. Beyond Tadmarton, onr., Madmarton 

if-^P* r,, ?"^* °^ ^'' Tadmarton Camp and another. At Over Brailes, on r., Castle 
Hill. Shipston-on-Stour, p. 125. 



S04 

Ehipston-on-Stour to Chipping Campden (7 — 21); tlirotigli Porto« 
bello, lo|, Charingworth, 17i, and Ebrington, 18^. 

CHIPPENHAM TO CIRENCESTER. 

Chippenham to Malmesbury (9|) ; by The Plough, 2^, Lower 
Stanton St. Qumtin, 5^, and through Corston, 75-. lleturning, l^m. out of 
Corston keep to I. 

Out of Chippenham, on I., Hardenhuish Park; past The Plough, on L, 
Kingston St. Michael Px-iorj ; a little farther, Im. on r., Draycott Pai'k. Beyond 
Corston, on r., Cole Park. ISIalmesbury, p. 101. 

Malmesbury to Cirencester (11 — 20^) ; in Malmesbury turn to r., 
and a little farther to ?., sfartnig Charlton Park on7\ and through Crudwell, 
13^., and Quelfurlong, 14|, about 2m. farther joining the Fosse Way and 
over Thames River Head Bridge, 17;^-. 

Cirencester, p. 104. 

BATH TO LINCOLN; 

Bath to Cross Hands Inn, Old Sodbury (11); out of Bath take 
the London road for a little over a mile, then turn sharp to I., and up a 
capitally engineered ascent for 3 m., not very steep and all can be ridden up, 
along the side of a valley, through Swain swick, 3 ; the rest by Toghill, 5, 
Dyrham Park (on Z.), 6|, and Toll Down Farm, 8, is an undulating road with 
one or two stiff hill? to mount ; oolite surface, very greasy when wet, and 
requires careful riding ; pretty good for first 4 or 5 m., then deteriorates. 

Leaving the London road, on r., Bailbrook Ho. Before Toghill, on 3., Aston 
Lodge and Hamshill Ho. Before Cross Hands, on I., skirt Dodington Park for 2m. 

Cross Hands Inn to Dunkirk Tp. (3^ — 14|); through Petty France, 
14, the road continues undulating, with the same kind of surface; pretty 
scenery. 

On I., pass two ancient encampments, and before Petty France, on I., 
Ilorton Castle. 

Dunkirk Tp. to Tetbury (7|— 22)— p. 103, reversed ; turn to r., and 
shortly after to I. 

Beyond Dunkirk, on r., Badmanton Park. Tetbury, p. 102. 

Tetbury to Cirencester (10| — 32^) ; by Akeman's Inn, 27^, and 
over Thames Kiver Head Bridge, 29^, is rather hilly, and there are one or 
two short stiff ascents : oolite surface, tolerable in dry weather when the 
ruts are worn down, but when wet it is very greasy and rutty, and requu-es 
careful steering. 

[Said to be a better road through Chippenham, Malmesbury and 
Tetbury — above and p. 102]. 

At Akeman's Inn, join the line of the Eoman Fosse Way or Akeman Street, 
which runs almost direct from within a few miles of Bath. At Thames Head 
Bridge, a short distance on L, is the source of R. Thames ; a little farther, on l.^ 
remains of Trewsbury Castle. Cirencester, p. 101. 

Cirencester to Northleach, House of Correction (IO5 — i2|); about 
1 m. out of Cirencester keep to I., and it is an undulating road, by Foss 
Cross, 38i, and Foss Bridge, 39^, to which is a stiff hill to descend, 
dangerous to ride down : oolite surface. 



.305 

Beyond Foss Bridge, on 7., Stowell Park. The town of Northleach lies on 
the right side of the road, which only passes through one end of it, p. 108. 

Northleach to Stow-on-th.e-Wold (8| — 51|); by Lower Slaughter 
TiJ., 48^, is an undulating road, with a steep hill to ascend into Stow. 
Returning, Im. out of Stow keep to r. 

At Lower Slaughter Tp., l^m. on r., Wick Hill Ho, Before Stow, on r., 
Maufjersbury Bo. Stow, p. 123. 

Stow-on-the-Wold to Moreton in-the-Marsli (4—55^) ; long 
steep descent about a mile out of Stow, otherwise nearly level. 

Moreton-in-the-Marsh to Halford (8^ — 63^) ; by Stretton-on-tho 
Foss, ^8^, and Portobello, 69f, is hilly, the gradients being very sharp 
though short ; the surface, however, though rather rough, is gravel. There 
is a tramway, which crosses the road, on two or three of the hills, and 
should be looked out for, and at fwi. before Halford (where cross the 
Shipston-on-Stour to Stratford- on- Avon road) the turnings are puzzling; 
at Halford cross B. Stour. 

The road now leaves the Eoman Fosse Y/'ay for a time, after having 
followed it from Akeman's Inn. 

At Moreton, on I., Batsford Park. 

Halford to Wellesbourne Hastings (8|— 72^) ; through Upper 
Eatington, 65f (where cross Banbury to Stratford road), is rather hilly, but 
nothing difficult, the gradients not being so severe as the last stage. 

Beyond Halford, on Z., Lower Eatington Hall. 3m. past Upper Eatington, 
on r., "Walton Hall. 

Wellesbourne Hastings to Warwick (6f — 79) — p. 141. 

Entering Warwick, on ?*., Warwick Park and Castle. 

Warwick to Kenilworth (5| — 84^)— p. 142 ; keep straiglifc on 
through Warwick Avhen coming from Wellesbourne Hastings. 

Kenilworth to Coventry (5 — 89^) ; in Kenilworth keep to r., and 
it is a rather hilly road, there being two good ascents and falls ; splendid 
smooth surface, and along a fine avenue of trees nearly the whole distance. 
This is a noted ride both for its pretty scenery and good road. 

About 2m. before Coventry, onr., Stivichall Hall. Coventry, p. 139. 

Coventry to Nuneaton (8|— 97|) — p. 156, but keep straight on 
at the cross streets in Coventry when coming from Kenilworth. 

Nuneaton to Hinckley (5^ — 103) ; fairly good road with no hills 
of any consequence : nearly Sr/z-. out of Nuneaton turn to r. along Watling 
Street, and a little farther to I. Hinckley is paved. 

[Or from Coventry, turning to r. at the cross roads, through Stoke, 
Sow, Anstey, Shilton, Wolvey, not very good road; about the same distance. 

Or from Coventry, keeping straight on through Foleshill, Bell Green, 
Hawksbury Lane, and Bulkington to Wolvey, good and smooth.] 

On I., Anstey Hall; o:i Z., Hawksbury Hall. Hinckley, p. 155. 

Hinckley to Leicester (13 — 116) ; very sharp ascent out of 
Hinckley to walk up, then pretty level to Earl Shilton, 107, beyond which 
is a short steep hill that it is best to walk down, and the rest is nearly 
level ; the surface is macadam, and rather shaky for quick travelling, 
although generally in good order, and the latter half is sometimes reported 
as very good. Most of Leicester is cobble paved, with tramways. 

z 



800 



[At jjeicesfcer the Fosse Way is again joined for a few miles ; from 
Halford it runs straight across the county of Warwick, by Three Gates, 
Harwood's Ho., Princethorpe, Stretton-on-Dunsmore, Frog Hall, Bretford, 
Brinklow, Cloudeley Bush, to Bennones or High Cross on Watling Street, 
at the borders of Warwick and Leicester, and thence through N^rborough 
to Leicester ; in all about 40m. ; in most part it is but a lane in dimensions, 
and is hilly in places, but generally good in summer weather.] 

Beyond Earl Shilton, on L, Tooley Hall; on r., Normanton. 3»7. before 
Leicester, Im. on Z., ruins of castle at Kirby Muxloe ; a little farther, Frith Hall, 
and on r., Braunstone Hall. Leicester, p. 166. 

Leicester to Loughborough (11 — 127) — p. 166. 

Loughborough to Trent Bridge (14—141) — p. 189; see also 
alternative routes to Nottingham, which is Im. beyond Trent Bridge. 

Trent Bridge to Saxondale (8 — 149) ; instead of crossing the 
bridge tui'n to r. ; the road is undulating by Holme Lane, 143f , and Fox 
and Crown, 144-|, to Badcliff or Batcliffe, 146^, then a mile and a half level, 
and rest downhill ; surface rather rough at first, but soon gets better. 

[At Saxondale again join the Old Fosse Way, which crosses the Wolds 
from 3 or 4w. beyond Leicester by Six Hills, in an almost direct line, as 
appears in most maps, but the greater part is disused — a mere green lane 
•with cart ruts, and quite impracticable for bicycles.] 

Beyond Trent Bridge, on I., across R. Trent, Colwick Hall. At Holme Lane, 
ou I., Holme Pierrepoint; on r., Cotgrave Place. On r., Ptadcliif Lodge ; on Z., 
Lamcote Ho. 

Saxondale to Newark (ll-o — 160|); turning to L, there is a sharp 
descent underneath a railway bridge, then pretty level to Red Lodge, 153, 
and after that there are several small easy hills, with a long ascent by the 
side of Flintham Park, 154, to East Stoke, 156f ; thence it is level, running 
near the R. Trent for some distance, and through Farndon, 158^^; good 
surface : entering Newark it is advisable to take the fork to the r., after 
passing over the tramway rails to some plaster pits, as the other is a narrow 
and badly paved street. 

The road passes through a well-wooded country, and is lined with trees on 
either side for miles. About 2m. past Saxondale, the road crosses the site of a 
Roman station ; on r., Castle Hill. On r., Flintham Hall. l|m. before East 
Stoke, on I., Syerston Hall; a little farther, Stoke Hall; on r., Elston Hall. 
Newark, p. 196. 

[Or from Trent Bridge go forward to Nottingham, 142 ; thence very long 
hill (Carlton Hill) to climb, followed by descent to Carlton, 144|, and 
undulating but not so good a road, through Burton Joyce, 147, Bulcote, 
147f , Gonalston, 150, Thurgarton, 151^, and Morton, to Newark, 16U|. 

Or at Thurgarton, keep straight on through HaJloughton, lo?>\, 
Southwell, 154|-, Upton, 157, Averham, 159^, and Kelham, 160|^, where turn 
to r., to Newark, 162,] 

Beyond Carlton, on /., Gedling Ho. At Thurgarton, on I., the Priory. Before 
Southwell, on r., Southwell Park, South Hill iio. , Durdham Castle. At Southwell, 
the Minster, and ruins of the Palace. On I., Norwood Hall and Park. 

Newark to Lincoln (16— 176^)— p. 217. 

BRISTOL TO DERBY. 

Bristol to Alveston (9^) ; through Horfield, 2^, Filton, 3f , Patch- 



307 

way Green, 6, and Almondsbury, 7, and past the *' Eoyal Oak," 8| ; after 
leaving Bristol it is chiefly uphill for 2m., then undulating, but none of the 
hills difficult ; good surface, rather greasy when wet. 

Beyond Bristol, on r., Ashley Court. At Horfield, on L, Henley Ho. ; on r., 
Im., Stoke Ho. At Filton, on I., Pen Park and Ho. At Almondsbury, on I., 
Knowle Pai'k. At Patchway Green, on L, Over Court. 

Alveston to Berkeley Heath, Bell (9f— 19) ; by Shij) Inn, lOi 
(keep to r.), and through Falfield, 14f, Stone, 16, and Newport, 17f, is rather 
more hilly, though generally with an excellent surface. [Or at Ship Inn 
on I. through Thornhury, 11^, joining the other road 2^i. further on, to 
Falfield, 15^. Or at Stone turn to I. to Berkeley, 19, thence to Berkeley 
Heath, 20|. Or from Thornhury through Rockhampton to Berkeley, 19. 
Returning, out of Berkeley keep to r.] 

At Falfield, on r., Torworth Court. Bei'keley, p. 104. 

Berkeley Heath to Hardwick (10—29) ; gently undulating road 
by Berkeley-road railway station, 2()\, Cambridge Inn, 22f, Church End 
Tjp., 24|, and through "WTiitminster, 26, and Moreton Valence, 27; very 
good surface, but apt to be greasy and heavy when wet. 

l^m. before Cambridge Inn, on I., Gossington Hall. Before Hardwick, on Z,, 
Hardwick Court. Pretty scenery. 

Hardwick to Gloucester (4| — 33|) ; through Quedgley, 30|, is 
level but an indifferent road. 

On I., Field Court and Quedgley Ho. Gloucester, p. 105. Hempstead Court, 

Gloucester to Tewkesbury (10| — 43|) ; through Longford, 35, 
Twigworth, 36|, and Norton, 38, and by Swan Inn, 40^, is a fairly good 
road, with a few easy hills ; in wet weather it is apt to be greasy and 
rather rough : descent into Tewkesbury. 

At Twigworth, on I., Walsworth Hall; on r., Hatherley Court. Tewkesbnry, 
p. 117. Pretty country. 

Tewkesbury to Worcester (16| — 60) ; in Tewkesbury keep to I 
twice, then cross R. Severn, whence a long but gradual incline up and 
another down agaia to Stratford Bridge, 48f ; after that there are two or 
three short easy gradients through Severn Stoke, 62^, to Clifton, 54, and 
the rest fairly level through Kempsey, 65| ; splendid road on the whole, 
but heavy and muddy in wet weather. 

The road runs near the R. Severn all the way. Pretty country. Past Severn 
Bridge, on r., The Mythe and Twining iJo. At Severn Stoke, on r., Croome 
Park. Worcester, p. 119. 

[Or from Gloucester turn to I. at the P.O., down u slight descent, then 
cross canal, and a mile out of the town, between the railway and the B. 
Severn, turn to r, from the Highnam road, then cross B. Severn hn. farther 
on, and through Maisemore, 36 {4m. beyond keeping to r.), and Longdon, 
47, to Ujjton-on- Severn, 60, is a rather hilly but good road ; Bristol stone. 
Thence, keeping to I., through HanJey Castle, 51 (half a mile beyond keep 
to r.), Rhydd Green, 54^, Powick, 58f , and St. John's, 60f , to Worcester, 61^, 
is a capita] road ; cress B. Severn just before "Worcester. Returning, at 
St. John's keep to /., and "it Powick, and past Upton. 

Or at U^ton cross B. Severn to the first road, l|-??^. before Severn 
Stoke, 53.] 

On r., Maisemore Lodge and Court. Before Longdon, on r.. Chambers Court 
and Pull Court. Before Upton, Im., Ham Court on r. At Hanley, the castle on 

x2 



808 

I. At Ehydcl Green, on r., The Ehydd, Severn End, and Drake's Place on 7., 
Dripshill and White Ho. ; Im. farther, on I., Madresfield Court. On I., Powick 
Court. At St. John's, on I., Wick Ho. and Boughton Ho. 

Worcester to Droitwicli (6f — 66^) ; through Barboum Tg., 61, 
keep to v., and about a mile farther there is a rather stiff ascent nearly to 
rernhill, 63, otherwise fairly level or slightly undulating road; pretty 
good surface. 

On L, Barbourn Ho. j 1;)!. farther, on r., Perdiswell Park. At Fernhill, on j*., 
ninlip nail. 

Droitwich. to Bromsgrove (5j — 72); through Wichbold, 68}, 
Upton Warren, 69f , and Bowling Green, 70f , is a fairly level road, except 
for a couple of hills : good surface but heavy in wet weather. Eeturnmg, 
at Bowling Green keep to r. 

Past JDroitwich, on I., West Ford. At Bowling Green, on I., Park Hall, 
Bowling Green Ho., and Grafton Ilall. Bromsgi'ove, p. 125. 

Bromsgrove to Birmingham (13 — 85) ; soon after leaving Broms- 
grove (17)1, out of which keep to v.), the road goes over the Lickey Hills, 
which necessitate an uphill ride for 3/)4. to the Rose and Crown, 76; from 
the top it is all downhill or level through Northfield (The Ball), 79J, by 
Selby Oak, 81^, and over Bourn Bridge, 82 ; excellent smooth surface, 
except the last 2m. or so. 

At Rose and Crown, Ini. on r., Cofton Ilall. On r., Northfield Ho. and 
Pigeon Ho. On r., Seily Ilall. Past Bourn Bridge, on r., Moseley Ilall. 
Birmingham, p. ll-O. On I., Edgbaston Hall. 

Birmingham to Sutton Coldfleld, 31. P. {71 — 92^) ; indifferent 
macadam to Aston, 86h, a suburb of Birmingham; then (keeping to r.) the 
road improves a little, but still not good, to Erdington, 88|, and after one or 
two little hills to Wild Green, 91, and Maney, 91|, there is an ascent to 
climb into Sutton Coldfield. 

At Erdington, l?)i. on r., Pipe Hayes; on L, Sutton Hall and Four Oak Hall. 

Sutton Coldfleld to Lichfield, Town Hall (8f— 101) ; through 
Ilill, 94, AYood End T^J., 96j, and Shenstone, 97|^, is an excellent road, 
slightly downhill or level. 

Beyond Sutton, on r , Moor Hall. Beyond Hill, on I., Little Aston Hall. On 
r., She»8tone Park ; on I., Fotherley Hall. Lichfield, p. 1*15. 

Lichfield to Burton-upon-Trent, M. P. (12^—113^); in Lichfield 
turn to r. at the cross streets, and out of the town is a short rise, and then 
a fall ; the road now runs along the Trent valley, through Streethay, 103, 
Alrewas (end of), 106, by Wichnor Bridge Inn, 107i, and through 
Branston, 111, and is nearly a dead level: loose and sandy in one or two 
places, otherwise a very good road. 

On I., Wichnor Lodge and Park. At Branston, on r., across R. Trent, 
Drakelowe Hall. Burton, p. 156. 

Burton-upon-Trent to Derby, All Sahits' Ch. (11| — 125); in 
Burton turn to /., and past the railway keep to r. and over Monk's Bridge, 
116j, and through Little Over, 1225- : it consists mostly of long straight 
stretches of level road and gentle ascents ard descents ; for the last 2m. it is 
rather hilly, but nothing ditiicult except steep descent into Derby. 

Beyond Burton, on r,, Wetmoor Hall. At Monk's Bridge, on L, Dove Cliff 
Ho.', 2)u. farther, on 7-., Foreuiarkj on I., Eggiuton Hall. Derby, p. 16G. 



309 

SOtJTHAM TO LEICESTER. 

Soutliani to Dunclmrch (8) ; taking the Coventry road, |m. out of 
Soutliam turn to r., and ifc is undulating for the first 6m., by Stockton, 2, 
and Hardwick, b^, then after crossing B. Leam, there is a long steep ascent 
to Dunchurch. 

Dunchurch, p. 139. 

Dunchurch to Rugby (2.^ — lOi) — p. 182 ; keep straight through 
Dunchurch. 

Rugby to Lutterworth (7 — 17|) ; cross iZ. Avon Im. out of Eugby 
and turn to ?*., and again sharp to r. Im. further on after crossing canal, and 
through Brownsover, 13, past Coton Ho. (on r.) 14^, half-a-mile further 
cross Watling Street, and through Cottesbach, 15 : rather hilly, and very 
heavy road. Pretty country. 

Lutterworth, p. 155. 

Luttorworth to Leicester (13— 30|); hilly through Ashby Magna, 
21 1, by Dog and Gun, 235-, to Blaby, 25|, then almost level through Aylestou, 
27| : good road ; cobble paving through Leicester, and tramway. 

Leicester, p. 166, 

BATH TO LINCOLN (by Cheltenliam). 

Bath to Dunkirk Tp. (14i)— p. 304. 

Dunkirk Tp. to Nailsworth (Qi— 23f) ; by Boxwell Tp., 18}, 
Calcott Farm, 19h, Tiltup's Inn, 22, and Barton End, 22 1, the road is pretty 
level to the last named place, when it leave the downs, and there is a long 
steep hill to walk down : oolite surface and rather bumpy. Pretty scenery, 
lleturning, keep to Z. out of Nailsworth. 

On I., Boxwell Court and Lasborough Park. At Calcott Farm, on Z., Kingscote 
Park. On L, Barton End Ho. Nails worth, p. 101.. 

Nailsworth to Stroud (4^—28) ; through Inchbrook, 24|, Wood- 
chester, 26, and Eodborough, 27^ : very rough oolite road. Pretty country. 
Returning, at Rodborough keep to r. 

On I., Woorlchestor Park; on r., llill Ho. Park. At Inchbrook, on I., ParkhiJl 
Ho. At Rodborough, on I., ths Fort and Stanley Park. Stroud, p. 104. 

Stroud to Birdlip (8—36) ; through Painswick Slade, 29f, and 
Ballcross, 31. Returning, keep to I. at Im., and to r. at 2m., out of Biixllip. 

[Or from Nailsivorth on7'.to MincJiin Hampton, 2 — 25f, thence through 
Bisle-v, joining the above road on I. 2m. before Blrdllp, 36j. 

Or from Stroud, turn to I., then to r. to Salmon's Mill, 28 1, and im. 
further on r. to Painsivich, 31^, where again keep to r., and also 'Sm. beyond, 

i'oining the principal road on r. Im. before Birdlip), 37f ; long ascent out of 
*ainswick.] 

Beyond Stroud, on I., Stratford Ho. ; 2m. farther, on r., Browns Hill JTo, 
On I., Painswick Ho. On Sponebed Hill, near Painswick, is an ancient double 
entrenchment, called Ivimsbury Castle, King's Barrow, and Castle Godwin. 
Before Birdlip, on I., Witconib Park, near which have been been discovered 
remains of a Eoman villa. 3m. past Painswick, on L, Prinknash Park. Birdlip, 
p. 105. Minchin Hampton, p. 104. 

Birdlip to Cheltenham (5}— 41|); pretty level for Im. past Balloon 



310 

Inn, 37i (where take left hand road), then a long, winding, and dangerous 
descent to Leckhampton, 39^, and the rest level. 

[Or from Painswick, long uphill out of the town to where the Gloucester 
road branches off on I., then by right fork some undulating road on the top 
of the hill, and keeping to I., there is a long but not steep descent, followed 
after a little level by a shorter but steeper descent, after which it is level by 
Cross Hands, 36|, and through Shurdington, 38|, to Cheltenham, 41^.] 

On L, Leckhampton Court. Befoi'e Cheltenham, between the two roads, 
Charlton Park. Splendid views of Gloucester and the Severn valley. Chelten- 
ham, p. 109. 

Cheltenham to Winchcombe (6| — 48) — p. 303, reversed ; Winch- 
combe is paved. 

Winchcombe to Broadway (9| — 57J); descent out of Winchcombe, 
then the road is level but rough : turn to r. just before Broadway. 
About half-way on I., Wormington Grange. 

Broadway to Mickleton (6 — 63^) ; in Broadway turn to Z., and 
through Willersey, 69 (entering which turn to I., and when through it turn 
to r.), Weston- Subedge, 60^, and Aston- Subedge, 61:|, is a good road, with 
one slight hill : rather difficult road to follow on account of the many turns. 
Eeturning, out of Mickleton keep to r. 

Mickleton to Stratford-upon-Avon (9^—721) ; the road is pretty 
level, but with rough and rutty surface to within 2m. of Stratford, when 
there is a run down to Bridge Town, 72, whence cross B. Avon into Stratford. 
Returning, after crossing R. Avon take right hand road, and on crossing 
the railway bridge again turn to r. up a slight rise. 

Stratford-upon-Avon, p. 125. 

Stratford-upon-Avon to "Warwick (8^—801) ; after crossing It. 
Avon turn to r., and the road is level for 2 or Zin., then the long but gradual 
ascent of Black Hill, 75|-, has to be mounted, shortly followed by the rather 
steep descent of Sherbourn Hill, which should be ridden carefully, to 
Morville, 78, and the rest is level through Longbridge, 79, except a sharp 
rise into Warwick : Black Hill rather rough, otherwise splendid smooth 
road. Returning, keep to r. at Longbridge. 

Im. out of Stratford, on I. Welcombe Lodge and Clopton Eo. At Black Hill, 
Irn, on Z., Smiterfield Hall. On r., Morville Mo. Warwick, p. 142. 

Warwick to Lincoln (97|— 178^)— pp. 305-6. 

BATH TO BIRMINGHAM. 

Bath to Cheltenham (41^)— p. 309. 

Cheltenham to Oxenton (5| — 47) ; uphill for one or two miles out 
of Cheltenham then undulating through Bishops Cleeve, 44j ; rather rough 
road. 

Oxenton to Sedgeberrow {7 — 54) ; keep to r. beyond Oxenton, 
and by Beckford, 60|, rather hilly and bad road. 

[Or from Winchcombe, 48, — above ; here turn to Z. and then directly 
after to r., and through Littleworth, 49^-, to Sedgeberrow, 54|.] 

Sedgeberrow to Evesham (3| — ^7\)\ rise out of Sedgeberrow, 
then mostly downhill to Bengeworth, 57?, whence cross B. Avon, and there 



311 

IS a short steep hill to mount in the main street of Evesham ; not a good 
road. 

Evesham, &c., p. 119. 

Evesham to Aloester (10 — ^67-j) ; long rise out of Evesham (keep- 
ing to r. at l^m.), then a good and gently undulating road through Norton, 
60, Dunnington, 64| and Arrow, 66|. 

Very pretty country. Im. out of Evesham, on L, Abbey Manor Ho, PaSt 
Dunnington, on I., Eagley Park. Alcester, p. 125. 

Alcester to Porshaw Park Tg. (11 — 78 1); turn to I. and it is a 
capital smooth and almost level road through Coughton, 69^, and Spernal 
Ash, 70|-, to Studley, 71^, then rather uphill through Mapleborough Green, 
73, Grorgot Hill, 7i)^, and Bramstone Cross, 77. 

On r., Coughton Court ; on l., Coughton Park. On r., Studley Castle and 
Priory. 

Porshaw Park Tg. to Birmingham (9 — 87^) ; over Truman's 
Heath, through Lower Inkford, 79^, Drake's Cross, 80^, over King's Nor- 
ton Heath, by Holly Wood, Lane End, and Moseley, S^y. 

[Or from Alcester through Grreat Alne, 70, Little Alne, 72, Woottoa 
Wawen, 74, to Henley -in- Anleji, 76, whence to Birmingliam, 15j — 91^-« 
p. 143.] 

Birmingham, p. 140. 

BATH TO MANCHESTER. 

Bath to Stroud (28)— p. 309. 

Stroud to Gloucester (9 — 37) ; turn to Z. then to r. to Salmon's 
Mill, 28|, and \m. further to I., through Pitchcombe, 30, beyond which 
(keeping to I.) is a steep hill to cross, dangerous to ride down either side, 
to Brookthrop, 32^, and then easy through "Whaddou, 33| : enterin-^ 
Gloucester, join the Bristol road. Good views. [Or \m. beyond Salmon's 
Mill on r. to Pains wick, 31^, out of which is a long steep uphill (keeping 
to I. at the fork roads) followed by a dangerous descent down the other 
side, and chiefly downhill into Gloucester, 37j.] • 

Beyond Stroud, on I., Stratford So. Before Pitchcombe, on r., Browns Hill Ho, 
On I. Painswick Ho. Gloucester, p. 105. 

Gloucester to Worcester (26^63|)— p. 307. 

Worcester to Ombersley (5|— 69}); through Barbourn Tg., 64^ 
(take middle road), Carnmeadow Green, Qb'^, and over Hawford Bridge, Q7* 
undulating road with good surface. 

l^jTi. beyond Worcester, on r., Perdiswell Park. On r., Hawford J7o. ; on Z., 
Bevere. On I., Ombersley Court. 

Ombersley to Kidderminster (8| — 77f) ; through Crossway 
Green, 72 (keep to r.), Hartlebury, 73^, and over Hoo Brook, 76|, is almost 
level : good surface. Returning, just out of Kidderminster keep to I., and 
Im. beyond Hoo Brook to r. 

[Or at Crossway Green on I., through Stourport, 74^, where turn to r., 
joining the above road on r. just before Kidderminster, 78 .j. 

Or from Worcester on r. to Broitwloh, 70| — p. 30S ; here turn to I. and 
through Hampton Lovett and Bradford, joining the principal route 2^m» 
before Kidderminster, 79.] 



312 

On I., Hartlebury Castle. Beyond Droitwich, a little on I., Westwood Park. 
{Kidderminster : Lion, B.T.Q.) 

Kidderminster to Himley (9| — 87|) ; through Broadwater, 73|-, 
(keep to I. and \m. further to r.), Whittington, 82, IStewponey, 83^, and 
Wall Heath, 87, is rather hilly, but with pretty good surface, running near 
U. Stour. Returning, at Wall Heath, turn to r. 

At Broadwater, on L, Sim Hill, Wolverley Coart, and Lea Oastle ; 2m. farther» 
Lea Hall; on r., Ismere 11^. At Wliittingtou, on L, Kiufare ITo. At Stewponey^ 
on I., across R. Stonr, ruins of Sfcourton Castle ; beyond, Prestwood Hall. At Wai^ 
Heath, on r., Ashwood Ho. and Summer Hill. On r., Himley Hall and Himley Ro 

Himley to Wolverhampton (51 — 93^) — p. 144 

Wolverhampton to Penkridge, Gh. {XO\—W^V\•, by Gosbrook 
Mill, U\, Ford Houses, 96^-, Somerford, 99}, and Spread Ea-le, 101: 
undulating and good road. 

On I., Somerford Hall and Chillington Park. At Spread Eagle, cross, 
Watling Street. 

Penkridge to SfcaSfjrd, Gh. (G— 109.}); through Dansfcon, 105^ and 
Rowley T/?., 108 j, a good undulating road. Returning, oat of Stafford 
keep to r. 

On I., Rowley JHo. Stafford, p. 145. 

Stafford to Stone, M.F. (7^—1165); through Stafford keep to n, 
and through Yarley, 113|, and Walton, 115j, is exoelleat road with one 
stiff hill to go over. 

Beyond Stafford, on r., Tillington JTo. 

Stone to Church Lawfcon {lb\ — 132) — pp. 151-2. 

Church Liwton tD Siddlnsfcon, Tp. (101—142})— pp. VZ-k 

Siddington to Manch33t3r, St. Ann's Square (192—162^-)— p. 1G5 

BATH TO GLOUCESTER (by Stonehonss). 

Bath to Nailsworth (23^)— p. 809. 

Nailsworth to SboTi3h3U33 (5}— -29^); very rough oolite roil 
through Inchbrook, 24 j, Woodchester, 2o, and Rodborough, 271 (^vhere turn 
to I.) to Cains Cross, 27|-, and th3n3e (keeping to I.) good level road throagli 
Ebley, 2:^}-. Ei3turning, w'ie:i ju5t oat of Soonehoiise turn to i., anl at 
Cains Cross to r.] 

(Stonehouse : Crown and Anchor.) 

On I., Woodchester Park; on r., Hill Ho. Park. At Inchbrook, on I., 
Parkhill Ho. At Rodboroogh, on I., the Fort and Stanley Park. On I., Ebley Ho. 
»nd King's Stanley H^. At Caina Cf033, on r., Pag.i,n Hill H). ; on I., Stonehoasa 
Court. 

Ston3hou33 to Hardwic'k (4} — 3^); through Standish, 32, good 
level road, though mostly maoadara.. Returning, ab Hardsyick (Cross 
Keys Inn) take left hand road. 

On r., Standiah Park ; Im. farther, on r., HaresSeld Court. 

Hardwick to Gloucester (4^38|)— p. 307. 



S13 

Bx^TH TO GLOUCESTER (by Frocester). 

Bath to Dunkirk Tp. (14})— p. 304. 

Diinkirk Tp. to Kingsoote, Huuters'Hall (61— 21^) ; the road is 
pretty lev^el by Boxwell Tp., 18]-, to C.ilcofct Farm, 19.^-, (where turn to I.) : 
oolite surface and rather himpy. Pretty scenery. 

Oa L, Boxwell Coart and Lasborough Park. Oa r., Kingscote Park. 

Kingscote to Frocastor {b\ — 26}) ; about ^m. furtlier turn to r., 
and through Nymphsfiekl, 24i, whence the road is on the fall to Frocester: 
Bristol stone, fairly good surface. 

[Or to Nailswortk, 23| (p. 309) ; then turn to I. by the ch., and join the 
other road ^ni. beyond Nymphs field, to Frocester, 27i.] 

At Nymphsfield, on v., Woodchester Park. 

Fro233ter to Hardwick (6}— 331-) : through Church End Tp., 28| 
(where turn to r., joining the Bristol to G-loucester road),Whitminster, 30^, 
and Moreton Valence, 31^: undulating road with good surface, but apt to 
be greasy and heavy when wet. 

On I., Hardwick Court. 

Hardwick to Gloucester (4^— -371)— p. 307. 

BATH TO GLOUCESTER (by Darsley). 

Bath to Dunkirk Tp. (14^-)— p. 304. 

Dunkirk Tp. to Wotton-under-Bdge (4|— 19^) ; turn to I. and 
through Hawkesbury Upton, 15^ {^m. beyond which keep to r.), Ililsley, 
17 i, and Alderley, 171. 

At Alderley, on r., Wortley Ho. Wofcton-undor-Edge, p. 102. 

Wotton-under-Edge to Dursley {6—2bl) ; in Wotton turn to r. 
and follow the Kingscote road for 3/)i., then turn to I. : hilly road [Or 
there is a more direct road through Fordingbrook, shorter by 2;7i.] 

Darsley, p. 10 k 

Dursley to Cambrids3 Inn (3} — '29); a mile out of Darsley keep 
to r., and through Lower Cam, 2G4-. 

[Or from WoUoii-inidir-EJjs, through Smarts Green, 21 1, and Stinch- 
combe, 23|, to Lower Cam, 24|,] 

Berond Darsley, on I., Fernoy llill and StancoTib3 Park; on v., Kingshill IIo, 
B3jond Wotton, on I., Bradley Ho. At Snairts Green, on I., Nibley Ho. 

1^ Cambridge Inn to Glouceitor (10} -392)— p. 3J7. 

. CHIPPENHAM TO GLOUCESTER. 

Ch.ippenh.am to Malmesbury (9|)— p. 304. 

Malmesbury to Tetbury (4|— 14i)— p. 102. 

Tetbury to Minchin Hampton (6 — 20^-) ; rather rough and hilly 
by Upton Grove, 16, to Avening, 18f, into which a very roagh and rutty 
hill has to be descended, unsafe to ride down ; then the road becomes 
easier by Gatcombe Park, 19|, where turn to I. 



314 . 

Beyond Tetbury, on r., Grove Ho. ; on I., Chevenage Ho. Minchin Hampton. 
p. 104. Good scenery. 

Minchin Hampton to Stroud (4 — 24^) — p. 104. 

[Or at Avening turn to I. at the bottom of the hill, and the road is 
better with a sharp descent into Nailsworth, 21:^, whence to Stroud, 4r — 25 L 
p. 309.] 

Stroud to G?oueester (9— 33^)— p. 311. 

BRISTOL TO WOTTON-UNDER-EDGE. 

Bristol to Iron Acton (9) ; nearly 2m. out of Bristol keep to I. and 
through Stapleton, 2^, and Hambrook, 5. 

At Stapleton, on I., Heath Ho. and Stoke Giffard Park; on r., Stapleton Ho, 
Im. farther, on r., Oldbury Court. 

Iron Acton to Wotton-under-Edge (9]— 18}) ; by Mudge Down, 
10, Rangeworthy, 11|, Long Cross, 14. 

At Eangeworthy, on r., to Wickwai' (3^ — 14|). 
At Long Cross, on I., Torworth Park. 

BATH TO WICKWAR. 

Bath to Cross Hands Inn, Old Sodbury (11)— p. 30 1. 

Cross Hands Inn to Chipping Sodbury (2|— 13^)— p. 97; turn 
to I. at Cross Hands Inn. 

Chipping Sodbury to Wickwar (4—17^); turn to r. 

BRISTOL TO CHIPPING SODBURY. 

Bristol to Down End (4|) ; tln-ough Lower Easton, If, a little 
beyond which keep to r. and at ^m. to I. 

Beyond Lower Kaston, on I., Ridgeway Ho. Before Down Ead, on t., Oldbury 
Court. At Down End, on r., Hill Ho. 

Down End to Nibley (4| — 9) ; turn to I. 

Just past Down End, on L, Cleve Hill and on r., Clevo Ho. 

Wibley to Chipping Sodbury (2—11) ; through Yate, 10. 

BRISTOL TO LINCOLN. 

Bristol to Sutton Coldfleld, M.P. (92^)— pp. 306-8. 

Sutton Coldfleld to Tamworth (7— 99i) ; out of the former turn 
to r., and it is a hilly road by Basset's Pole, 94| ; cross B. Tame just before 
Tamworth. Returning, ^ni. out of Tamworth turn to r. 

Beyond Sutton, on I., Moor Hall and Ashfurlong Hall. Beyond Basset's Pole, 
on I., Canwell Hall. 3m. farther, Im. on ?•., Drayton Park. Tamworth, p. 155. 

[Or \^m. beyond Aston, 86^ (p. 308), keep to r. and through Birches 
Green, 88^, Minworth, 91f , Curdworth, 93|-, ^. past which turn to I. and 
Im. farther keep to r., by Green Man, 94|; through Hunt Green, 9o|, 
Drayton Basset {ch.), 97f, and Fazeley, 99, to Tamworth, 100}. 



315 

Or|m. beyond Curdworth, keep straight on through Kingsbury, 9G|, 
to Tamworth, lOlf.] 

Tamworth to Measham, Union Tnn (10 — 109}) ; by Four County 
Gate (near Seckington), 103}, and over Nomans Heath, 105}. 

2m. past Tamworth, on r., Amiagton Hall. Afc Four County Gate, on I., 
Thorpe Hall. Past Nomans Heath, on r., Appleby jffo. and White Mo. 
Measham, p. 156. 

Measham to Ashby-de-la-Zouch (3^ — 112|) ; keep straight through 
Measham. 

Ashby-de-la-Zouch to Castle Donington (9| — 122}) ; beyond 
Ashby keep to I., and by Breedon-on-the-Hill, 118, and through Isley 
Walton, 119f . 

Beyond Breedon, on r,, Langley Priory. Beyond Isley Walton, on I., 
Donington Park and Hall. 

Castle Donington to Nottinghani (10 — 132}); about |wi. farther 
cross Loughborough to Derby road, and over Harrington Bridge, 124|-, 
through Sawley, 12o}-, Long Eaton, 126, Toton, 126^, Chilwell, 12 7^, 
Beeston, 128^, and Lenton, 130|-. Returning, ^vi. before Beeston turn 
to I. 

At Chilwell, on r., Chilwell Hall and Clifton Hall, across R. Trent. On r., 
Lenton Hall; on I., Wollaton Hall, Lenton Grove, and Lenton Priory. 

Nottingham to Trent Bridge (1 — 133}) ; in the M.P. turn to r., 
down Arkright street and cross the bridge to the junction of the roads. 

[Or from Ashhy-dG-la-Zoucli, keep to r. ^i. farther, and through 
ColeOrton, 114f , where keep to r. by Gracedieu Tp., 118^^, Finney Hall Wood, 
120^, and Garendon Park, 121f , to Loughhoroughf 124|, thence to Trent 
Bridge, 138J ; p. 189.] 

Trent Bridge to Lincoln (35^168|)— pp. 306. 

KIMBOLTON TO WAEWICK. 

Kimbolton to Higham Ferrers (8) ; at the end of Kimbolton 
keep to I., and through Tillbrook, 1|, by Three Shire Stone, 3^, and 
through Chelveston, 6 ; at Higham Ferrers, turn to I., and through the 
town, 

Higham Ferrers, p. 185. 

Higham Ferrers to Wellingborough (5 — 13) ; through the 
former turn to r., and over Long Bridge, 12. 

Between 2 and 3»n. out of Higham Ferrers, on r., the site of the Eooian 
station of Irchester. Wellingborough, p. 189. 

Wellingborough to Northampton (9| — 22|); p. 299, in the 
reverse direction ; at Wellingborough turn to I, 

Northampton to Weedon (7| — 30J) ; a little out of Northampton 
keep to I., and by Duston, 25, Upton, 25|, Upper Heyford, 28|, and Floors 
or Flower, 29f , a good undulating road, with easy hills ; longish descent 
into Weedon. 

Weedon to Daventry (4}— 34f)— p. 139. 

Daventry to Warwick (19} — 54) — p. 144 



316 

CAMBRIDGE TO LEICESTER. 

Cambridge to Huntingdon, M.B. (15 1) ; cross U. Cam, and up a 
Blight incline, after which through Girton, 3, Lohvorfch, 6|, Fenny Stanton, 
10, and Godmanchester, 14^; it is quite a level road, with but one ascent 
about 2m. before Godmanchester, the surface is simply perfection for the 
greater part of the way, but sometimes in dry weather it becomes loose in 
places; cross 11. Ouse entering Huntingdon, through which is \m. of 
paving, extremely rough. Eeturning, at Godmanchester turn to Z. The 
road is part of the Eoman Via Devana. 

At Girton, Im. on I., Madingley Park. Huntingdon, &c. p. 223. 

Huntingdon to Thrapston (16^- — 32) ; in Huntingdon turn to Z., 
through the suburb of Hinchinbrook, 16y ; hill to mount on leaving the 
town, then the road is almost level with simply perfect surface through 
Brampton, 17i, by Creamer's Hut, 18V, and through Ellington, 20^, to 
Spaldwick, 22|-, after which it becomes a little lumpy and hilly, through 
Bythorne, 27f, and over Mickle Hill, 29, with a steep hill to descend into 
Thrapston. 

About Im. out, on r., Hinchinbrook Ho. On I., Brampton Park. Thrapston, 
p. 193. 

Thrapston to Kettering (9^— 41i); cross B. Nen to Islip, 32J, 
out of which is a steep hill to mount, then a fairly smooLh undulating road 
through Cranford St. John, 37, Bartonfield, 39, and Barton Seagrave, 39.^. 
Returning, a short distance out of Kettering turn to I., and also at Bartonfield. 

Kettering to Leicester (25.2— 67)— p. 189. 

WARWICK TO PETERBOROUGH. 

Warwick to Princethorpe (9); at War^vick, going down the High 
street, turn to r., through Emscote, f , then cross 11. Avon, and the road 
is pretty level, but rather rough, skirting the north part of Leamington, 
2, and through Lillington, 3, and Cubington, 4.V, to Weston, 5|, and thence 
undulating with a little better surface. [Or from Warwick come back on 
the Banbury road, with a sharp descent out of the town, then cross B. Avon, 
and, turning to I., it is a first-rate broad and smooth road to Leamington^ 
2\, where turn to I. at the station, and straight through the town, just 
beyond turning to r., to Lillington, 4.] 

Before Weston, on r., Weston Uall. Leamington, p. 111. 

Princethorpe to Rugby {1\ — 16J) ; chiefly uphill for first 3w., 
the latter part being a stiff ascent on to Dunsmore Hoath (junction of the 
London to Coventry road, 12j), then fairly level and fine road through 
Bilton, 14.^. 

2m. past Princethorpe, on r., Bourton Hall ; on r., Bilton Hall. Bugby, p. 182. 

^ Rugby to Husband's Bosworth (10— 26A); through Clifton, 18^, 
a little farther turn to r., cross Watling Street, I94-, and through Catthorpe, 
20i, Swinford, 21^, South Kilworth, 23f, and North Kilworth, 24|. Bather 
hilly. Returning, at North Kilworth turn to I. 
At Swinford, on r., Stanford Hall. 

Husband's Bosworth to Market Harborough (6—32^); descent 
from the former, then fairly level tbrough Thcddingworth, 28, and 
Lubenham, 30^. 



317 

At Tliedding worth, on r., Iloltliorpe Hall. Oa r., Thorpe Lubenham Hall. 
Market Harborough, p. 166. 

Market Harborough to Great Weldon (14|— 47i) ; hilly road 
throuf?h Little Bowden, 32 J, Dingle j, 35, Brampton, 36 J, Stoke Albany, 
37f, Wilbarston, 33^, Eist Carlton, 40^, and Corby {cli.), 45. Returning, 
Zm. past Corby keep to I. 

On Z., Dingley Hall and East Carlton Hall, 

Great Weldon to Oandle (8| — 56) ; by riglit-hand road through 
Upper Benefield, 50 j, and Benefteld, 52 1-. 

Beyond Great Weldon, on L, Weldon Park. Oundle, p. 193, 

Oandle to Peterborough (13— 69)— p. 299. 

BIRMINGHAM TO PETERBOROUGH. 

Birmingham to Coventry (181) — P- 139, reversed. 

Coventry to Lutterworth (15 — 33|) ; in Coventry, after passing 
the cross streets at the top of the hill, keep to I. where the London road 
branches off, and \)n. farther take right-hand road ; then through Stoke 
Green, 19 1, Binley, 20 J (keep first to I., then to r.), Brinklow, 24|- (turn to 
I.), past Stretton Station, 25| (keep to r.), through Stretton-under-Fosse, 
26|, Stretaston, 27^ (turn to r.), Pailton, 28|, and Cross-in-Hand Tg-^ 31. 

Beyond Binley, on L, Combe Abbey and Park. At Stretton, on r., Newbold 
Hall. Past Stretaston, on r., Pailton l£o. At Pailton, on Z., Newnham Paddock. 
Lutterworth, p. 155. 

Lutterworth to Husband's Bosworth (7 — i^l) ; in Lutterworth 
turn to v., and a little out of the town to I., and through Walcote, 35|-, and 
North Kil worth, 38 i-, a little beyond which keep to I. 

Beyond Lutterworth, on I., Mistertou Hall. 

Husband's Bosworth to Peterborough (42^— 82|)— pp. 316-7. 

BIRMINGHAM TO PETERBOROUGH (by Leicester). 

Birmingham to Castle Bromwich (5}) ; tramway and bad 
macadam road through the suburbs to Saltley, 2, after which it improres 
to Castle Bromwich. 

On r., Castle Bromwich Hall. 

Castle Bromwich to Coleshill (4^—9^) ; through Bacon's End, 8, 
where turn to Z. 

Before Coleshill, on I., Coleshill Old Hall and Coleshill Park. Coleshill, 
p 145. 

Coleshill to Over Whitacre (4— 13|); through Shustoke, 12|, and 
Furnace End, 13, -where turn to v. 

Beyond Coleshill, a little on r., Maxstoke Castle, chiefly erected in the reiga 
of Edward III. ; and Shustoke Hall. Im. beyond Coleshill, on I., Blythe Hall. 

Over Whitacre to Nuneaton (81— 21f ) ; turn to I., and through 
Ansley, IGf, Chapel End, 19^, and Barr Green, 20|, Eaturning, a little 
past Barr Green keep to I. 

Beyond Ansley, on r., Ansley Hall and Park. 

Nuneaton to Leicester (18^ — 40)— p. 805. 



318 

[Or at Furnace End, 13, keep straight on. through Bently Tij., 16, to 
Atlierstone, 19^; whence, turning to r., to Hinckley (8 — 27|-), as at p. 155, 
in reverse direction ; and then to Ldcester (13 — iO^) — p. 305.] 

Beyond Bentlj Tg., on r., Bently Park; on I., Baxterley Hall. Before 
Atherstoue, on I., Merevale Hall. Atherstone, pp. 155-6. 

Leicester to Uppingham (19 — 59) ; over Saltersford Bridge, 42^, 
through Houghton-on-the-Hill, 46, Billesdon, 48|, Skeflington, 50^, Tugby, 
52, East Norton, 53^, over Finchley Bridge, 54^, and through AUexton, 
55J, and over Castle Hill ; hilly road. 

Beyond Saltersford Bridge, on I., Scraptoffc Hall. On I., Skeffington Hall. 
At East Norton, on I., Lodington Hall, and 2>?i. beyond it, Laund Abbey. On r., 
AUexton Hall. Before Uppingham, on I., Ayston Hall. Uppingham, p. 188. 

Uppingham to Duddington (8| — 671) ; stiff descent just out of 
Uppingham, then pretty level through Glayston, 61, Morcot, 63, and 
over South Field to Tixover, 665^, whence there is another steep descent 
to the B. Welland, before Duddington; very bad road. 

On l.y Glayston Ho. and Tixover Ho. 

Duddington to Wansford (5f — 73) ; turn first to h and then 
to r. ; very bad road. 
Wansford, p. 195. 

Wansford to Peterborough (7f — 80|) ; turn to I. just beiore B. 
Nen, and through Ailesworth, 75J, Castor, 76|, and Longthorp, 78| : very 
bad road. 

Beyond Castor, on I., Milton Park; on r., Tliorp Hall. Peterborough, p. 215. 

BIRMINGHAM TO GRANTHAM. 

Birmingham to Leicester (40) — p. 317. 

Leicester to Melton Mowbray (15 — 55) ; tramway for first mile 
out of Lfeicester, and the road continues rather rough and uneven, bub 
fairly level through Thurmaston, 43, to Syston, 45 ; after leaving Syston 
the surface soon improves, and through B/carsby, 47, Brooksby, 49, Frisby, 
61, and Kirkby Bellars, 52|, is very good with only a few short hills, all of 
which are rideable ; the streets of Melton are paved. 

On I., the valley of the R. Welland is parallel with the road. Just beyond 
Thurmaston, where the road bends to the r., the road on the /. running almost 
straight on is the Old Fosse Way to Newark. On I., Brooksby Hall and iiotherby 
Hall. Melton Mowbray, p. ]86. 

Melton Mowbray to Grantham (16—71) ; the road is hilly, being 
nearly all on the rise, with very rough uneven surface, requiring great 
caution on account of bad ruts, through Thorpe Arnold, 56|, to beyond 
"Waltham-on-the- Wolds, 60J, then a stiff descent and ascent to Croxtou 
Kerrial, 64, and 2 or '3m. farther is a long downhill through Denton, 67^, 
to Harlaxton Inn, 68 1, and the rest level. 

Beyond Waltham, on r., Croxton Park. At Croxton, 3hi. onl., Belvoir Castle, 
the magnificent seat of the Duke of ilutlaud ; near, at Woolsthorpe, ruins of the 
old ch. On I., Denton Ho. ; on r., Harlaxton Manor Ho. Granthaui, p. 195. 

BIRMINGHAM TO MANCHESTER. 

Birmingham to Walsall, Oh. (8^) ; tlu-ough Hockley Brook, 1^, 
Soho, 1^ (keep to r.), Handsworbh, 2-^, and Snails Green, oh lleturnin^- 



319 

keep to r. about Im. past Snails Green. [Or leave Birmingham by Aston 
Park and through Perry, 3^, joining the other road on L, about l|m.. 
farther on : same distance.] 

(Walsall: George, B.T.C. -, Stork.) 

On Z., Soho Park. Beyond Haadsworfch, on 7., Hamstead Hall ; on r., Perry 
Hall. At; Snails Green, on L, Red So. Hall; on r., Barr Hall. 

Walsall to Cannock (7f — 16^) ; in Walsall first turn to I., then keep 
to r., and through Bloxwich,ll|^, andG-reat Wyrley, 14|, to Church Bridge, 
15|-, where keep to r. 

Cannock to Stafford, Ch. (10 — 261-) ; keep to r., and through Hun- 
tington, 18|, and Weeping Cross, 245-, is a hilly road along the borders of 
Cannock Chase, which lies on r. Returning, after crossing R. Sow, out of 
Stafford, keep to I., and at Weeping Cross to r. [Or at Cannock take left 
hand fork to Penhridge, 21^, whence turning to r., to Stafford, 27.j — p. 312.] 

2>n. past Huntington, on Z., Teddesley Park and Hall. Im. before Weeping 
Cross, on I., Acton Hill. 

Stafford to Manchester, St. Ann's Square (53— 79^)— p. 312. 

KIDDEEMINSTER TO DERBY. 

Kidderminster to Stourbridge (6|) ; by Broadwaters Inn, 1 
(keep to r.), through Iverley, 4|, and Heath Gate, 6, is a fair road, with 
one or two hills to ascend. 

At Broadwaters Inn, on I., Siou Hill. Aboat half-way on L, Easemore Hall. 
Stourbridge, p. 137. 

Stourbridge to Dudley (4| — 11|) ; following the Wolverhampton 
road for ^m., there is a long, stiff rise out of the town over macadam, near 
the top of Avhich turn to r, and through Brierley Hill, 8|. Returning, a 
mile out of Dudley keep to I. 

(Dudley: Bush; Castle; Dudley Arms ; Eagle.) 

Beyond Stourbridge, on r., Dennis Hill. At Dudley, the castle ruins. The 
road now passes through the heart of the Black Country, to beyond Walsall. 

Dudley to ^Wednesbury (4 — 15|); a mile out of Dudley turn to I. 
and through Dudley Port, 12f, Horsley, 14|^ (turn to I.), and Ocker Hill, 15 
(keep to r.) 

Wednesbury, p. 140. 

Wednesbury to Walsall (3 — 18|) ; through Wood Green and 
Bescott Lane, 17, keep to r. 

Walsall to Lichfield (10^— 28|) ; through Rushall, 20, WalsalJ 
Wood, 22, Ogley Hay, 2U, Muckley Corner, 25^, and Pipe HHl, 26f. 

Beyond Walsall Wood, on r., at the cross roads, Castle Old Fort, an ancient 
entrenchment. Lichfield, p. 145. 

Lichfield to Derby, All Saints' Ch. (24— 52f)— p. 308. 

BRISTOL TO MANCHESTER. 

Bristol to Worcester (60)— pp. 306-7. 

Worcester to Manchester, St. Ann's fiqnare (99— 159)— pp. 311-2, 



320 

BRISTOL TO CHESTER. 

Bristol to Black Rock Inn (13^)— pp. 90-1. 

Black Rock Inn to Chepstow (5 — 18|) ; beyond the railway turn 
to r., and by Sb. Pierre's Park Gate, lof, and Poolmeyrick, 17, is an undu- 
lating road, with a long steep hill to walk down into Chepstow; rather 
rough for first 2m., then good : rough paving in Chepstow. [Or 2^m. past 
Compton Greenfield turn to r. through Northwick, 10|, to Aust Passage 
Inn, 12^, whence cross B. Severn by ferry to Beachley Passage House Inn, 
13^, and to Ghepstoiv, 16|, turning to I. hn. before, and crossing B. Wyo 
into the town,] 

Beyond Beachley Ho., on r., BurusviUe Park and Sedbury So. Chepstow, 
p. 109. 

Chepstow to Tintern (5-| — 24) ; at the bcginmng of Chepstow 
turn to I., and there is a stiff ascent to climb, followed by another out of 
St. Arvans, 20^, where keep to r. (both dangerous to ride down without a 
good brake), to the top of Windcliff Hill, then a long descent, some parts 
steep, but fairly Avell engineered, by Tintern Abbey, 23^ ; fair surface. 

{Tintern : Koyal George.) 

2m. beyond Chepstow, on v., Pierrefield Ho. and Park. On r., the ruins ( f 
Tintern Abbey, of the Cistercian monks, founded 1131, should be visitcc\ 
Splendid scenery, the road running close to R. Wje. 

Tintern to Monmouth (10 — 34) ; continuing up the valley of the 
"Wye through Llandogo, 26f, over Bigswear Bridge, 27f (cross B. Wye, and 
Id. toll to pay), and through Eedbrook, 31|, the road is rather rough for 
most of the way, but with only slight gradients. Returning, after crossing 
B. Wye out of Monmouth, turn to r. Fine scenery. Monmouth is paved. 

[Or at St. Arvans keep to I. over hilly road through Devanden Green, 
23^, keeping to r. l^m. further, and through Llanishen Cross, 26,j, 
Trellech, 28, to Monmouth, 33|, entering by the other end of the town. 
Returning, out of Monmouth turn to I., and nearly Im. further to r. Or 
from Tintern turn to Z. to Trellech, 28.] 

At Trellech are some Druidical reoiaius. Monmouth, p. 110. 

Monmouth to Wormelovr Tump (llj— 45j); through Welsh 
Newton, 37|, and St. Weonard's, 41f . 

At St. Weonard's, on I , Treage. At Wormelow Tump, on Z., Bryngwyn and 
Moynde Park ; Im. before, on r., Lyston Ho. 

Wormelow Tump to Hereford (6^ — 51|) ; through Cross-in-Hand 
Tg., 47, and Callow, 47| ; rather rough road ; macadam through Hereford. 
Returning, keep to r. past Callow. 

[Or from Monmoidh to Boss, 10| — 441, reversing p. 110; but if not 
going into Ross turn to I. at Wilton Tg., 4o}, and a short distance further 
take right-hand road to Hereford, 56^, p. 114.] 

Hereford to Leominster (12| — 64^); rather uphill road with bumpy 
macadam surface, through Holmer, 53o, Pipe, 54.j, Moreton-on-Lugg, S-^.l. 
to Wellington, 57; a little farther isastcepascent on toDinmore Hill (top o\' \ 
id, followed by descent l|m. long to Hope-under-Dinmore, 60|, and the 
remainder is hilly and rough through Wharton, 62, Elmsgreen, 63, over 
Broadward Bridge, 63|, and through Bottols Green, 6'S^. 

On I., Holmer Hall and Ho. At Hope on r., Hampton Court. At Bottols 
Green, on I., Ryelands. 



321 

Leominster to Ludlow (10 — 7^) ; through Luston, 67, Gobbits, 
6Sl, Portway, 70, Richard's Castle, 71^, and Overton, 73 ; before Ludlow 
cross B. Teme, whence there is a steep hill to mount (dangerous to 
descend), entering the town by a narrow archway. FOr in Leominster turn, 
to r. after crossing R. Lugg, and there is a much better road through 
Stockton Cross, 6Qk, where turn to I., Ashton, 68f, Brimfield Cross, 71i, 
Wooferton Cross, 72, and Ashford Bowdler, 73j, joining the other road at 
the Tg. a short distance before Ludlow, 75|-, where, on returning, turn to 
I. : it is fair going and pretty level, running near B. Teme from JBrimfield, 
and known as the lower road.] 

Before Luston, im. on I., Eyefcon Hall; at Luston, on r., or before Ashton, 
on I., Berrington Park. At Gobbits, on I., Highwocd Ho. and Birchtx-ee. At 
Overton, on L, Hay Park ; on r., Moor Park. Before Ludlow, on I., Ludford Park; 
on r., Ludford Mo. Ludlow, p. 120. 

Ludlow to Newton Green, Guide Post (8— 821)— p. 120. 

Newton Green to Churcli Stretton (7f — 90^) ; through Halford, 
83, Strefford, 84^, Felhampton, 85|, and Little Stretton, 88f, is rather 
uphill for most of the way, and rough surface for first bin. Pretty scenery. 

On r. is the long hill of Wenlock Edge, running N.E. ; the range of hills ou 
I. is the Long Mynd. Im. before Church Stretton, on r., is an old entrenched 
hill, called Brocards, or Brockhurst Castle; beyond the town, a little on I., is 
another, called Bradbury Ring, and a little farther, on r., is Caer Caradoc, Mount 
Caractacus, on the top of which is an old British camp, and embracing aa 
extensive view. 

Church stretton to Shrewsbury (13 — 103^); through All Stretton, 
91|, Leebotwood, 94, Longnor, 95^, Dorrington, 96f, and Baiston Hill, lOOf, 
is a good easy road, though rather hilly in places, but chiefly downhill. 
Returning, after crossing B. Severn turn to r., then to I. and r. again. 

On I., Longnor Hall, and a little farther, Netley Hall. Shrewsbury, p. 126. 

Shrewsbury to Wem (10|— 113|) ; in Shrewsbury turn to r., and 
a little further keep to Z., then a moderately good road through Albrighton, 
lOGf, with a stiff climb either way over and descent from Harmer (or 
Armour) Hill, 109 (where keep to r.), and through Broughton, llOj-. 

Before Broughton, on r. Im., Sansaw Hall. 

Wem to Whitchurch (8| — 122|) ; through Edstaston, 115|, and 
Tilstock, 119f , is a rather rough road with only one little hill. Returning, 
a little out of Whitchuch keep to r. at the railway. 

[Or from Shrewsbury by the middle road through Battlefield Hadnall 
or Hadnall Ease, Rock Hall, Brockhurst, Dog Moor, Prees, Prees Heath, 
and Heath Lane, joining the other road before Whitchurch : nearly same 
distance.] 

Whitchurch, p. 148. 

Whitchurch to Chester (20— 142i)— p. 148. 

BEISTOL TO CHESTER (by Worcester). 

Bristol to Worcester (60)— pp. 306-7. 

Worcester to Wolverhampton (29|— 89f)— pp. 311-2. 

Wolverhampton to Chester (o8| — 148|) — pp. 147-8. [Or Worcester 
to Kidderminster, 14| — 74^, p. 311 ; thence to Shrewsbury, 30| — 104|, 
p. 126 ; thence to Chester, 39 — 143| — above.] 

Y 



322 

MALMESBURY TO HEREFORD. 

Malmesbnry to Kingscote, Hunter's Hall (10) — ^p. 102. 
Kingscote to Frocester (5| — 15^) — p. 313. 

rrocester to lyTewiiham (8| — 23^) ; through Church End Tp., 17^, 

(where turn to r., and -Im. further to I.), Fretherne, 20|-, and Arlmgham, 
22f , to the Three Mitres, 23^, whence cross B. Severn by ferry to Newn- 
ham. 

On I., l|w. past the Gloucester road, Frampton Court ; on Z., Arlingham 
Court. 

USTewnhain to Mitcheldean (5| — 29) ; through Little Dean, 25|, 
Gun Mills, 27|-, and Abenhall or Abinghall, 28|-, is a fair road, with only 
one or two hills of any account. Eeturning, at Gun Mills keep to r. 

At Little Dean, on r., Dean Hall. Near the ch. is an ancient camp. At Gun 
Mills, on r. Im., Flaxley Abbey. Before Mitcheldean, on I., The Wilderness. 

Mitcheldean to Hereford (18| — i7^) ; through Lea, 31, over 
Sandford Bridge, by Rugden Crossway, and through Mordiford, 42|, 
where turn to I. [Or ^m. beyond Lea turn to I., and through Weston, 32f , 
to Boss, 35, whence to Hereford, 13^ — 48^, p. 114] 

BRISTOL TO ABERGAVENNY. 

Bristol to Crick (16)— pp. 90-1. 

Crick to Usk (9i — 25|) ; turn to I., and through Caerwent, 17^ 
(keep to r.), and a mile further begins a long uphill through Llanvair 
Discoed, 19|, to Went Wood, after which is a steep hill to go down, and 
nearly level through Llanllowel, 23^. 

On Z., Llanvair Castle, aud on r., Penhein Ho. On the top of the hill, at the 
end of Went Wood, on r.. Castle Troggy, or Striguil Castle. Usk, p. 113. 

Usk to Abergavenny (11—36^); through Clytha, 30i Llanvi- 
hangel, 31 1, where join the Monmouth road on r., and through Llangattock, 
32 1, is very hilly and rough, though some parts are gravel : runs near 
B. tjsk all the way. 

[Or Bristol to Devanden Green, 23^, p. 320 ; thence Ihn. further on I. 
through Llansoy, 27, to Baglan, 32|, aud to Clytha, 35|-.] 

Abergavenny, p. 110. 

WORCESTER TO ROSS. 

Worcester to Great Malvern (81) ; cross B. Severn and through 
St. John's, 1 (turn to I), Powick, 2f (keep to r.), and Newlands Green, 6|, 
IS a good road, but uphill nearly all the way ; the last mile is a very stitf 
ascent ; pretty country. 

At St. John's on r., Boughton Ho. and Wick Ho. On r., Powick Court. At 
Newlands Green, on I. Im., Madresfield Court. 

Great Malvern to Ledbury {8—16-}) ; good smooth road with 
rideable undulations along the eastern slope of the Malvern Hills, through 
Malvern Wells, lOi, to Little Malvern, llf, where keep to r., and there is a 
half-mile walk on to the hill, and the rest, through Lower Mitchel, 14|, is 



323 

a good road, mostly downliill : this road, being all made with Malvern 
stone, soon dries, and is never greasy ; pretty scenery. 

Beyond Little Malvern, on I., Herefordshire Beacon, an immense British hill 
fortress ; a little farther, on r., an old castle. A.t Malvern Wells, on I., Beltnonl 
Lodge. At Lower Mitchel, on r., Kilbury Camp. Ledbury, p. 116. 

Ledbury to Ross (12— 28i). 

PERSHORE TO LEDBURY. 

Pershore to Upton-on-Severn (8^) ; turn to I. and through 
Defford and Earl's Crome. 

Upton-on-Severn to Ledbury (10|— 18f); ^. beyond Upton 
keep to r. and through Drake Street and Little Malvern, 14|^ (jnst beyond 
which turn to I.), and Lower Mitchel, 17i. [Or from Upton on r. to 
Hemley Castle, 9^, whence on I. to Malvern Wells, 13|, and to Little 
Malvern, 15|-.] 

WORCESTER TO HEREFORD. 

Worcester to Ridgeway Gross (10); cross B. Severn to St. 
John's, 1, where turn first to I. then to r., and through Rush wick, 2, over 
Bransford Bridge {B. Severn), 3, through Bransford, 4|. Leigh Sinton, o^ 
and Stiffords Bridge, 9f . 

At St. John's, on I., Boughton Ho. and Wick Ho. A little farther, on I. 
Upper Wick and Langhern Ho. At Bransford Bridge, on I., Bransford Court. 

Ridgeway Cross to JN'ewtown (7 — 17); by Hanleys End, 12|. 
over Fromes Hill, 13| (|m. further turn first to r., then to I.), through Five 
Bridges, 14|, Eagleton or Eggleton, 16, and over Eagleton Bridge, 16|-. 

Newtown to Hereford (8 — 25) ; through Shucknell, 19, and over 
Lug Bridge, 23. 

Hereford, p. 114. 

NEWPORT TO ABERGAVENNY. 

Newport to Mamhilad, Ch. (10) ; thrcugh Malpas, 2, and Llantar- 
nam, 4, by ISTew Inn, 6, and through Llanfihangel Pontymoel, 8|, good 
road, long hill either direction to Llantarnam. [Or to tlsh, 11, (p. 113); 
thence, without crossing i?. Usk, through Monkswood, 12|^, joining the other 
road nearly a mile before Mamhilad, It):^ .] 

After crossing the canal ^ a mile before Llanfihangel Pontymoel, on I. 
to Pontypool, 1 — 9 : good road. 

On I., Malpas Ho. ; on r., Llantarnam Abbey. On I., at the division of the 
road, Pontypool Park. 

Mamhilad to Abergavenny (7^ — 17|) ; steep hill to climb, quite 
unrideable, to Llanover, 13, then easy going, over Llanellen Bridge (ii.Usk), 
15| : good road. [Or from Monkswood on r. to Llanover, 16^.] 

On r., Llanover He. Abergavenny, p. 110. 

KIDDERMINSTER TO ABERGAVENNY. 

Kidderminster to Stourport (4) ; almost level. 
Stourport to Hundred House Inn (5 — 9) ; through Stourport 
cross B. Severn to Areley Kings, 4^, then the road is on the rise all the 



324 

way through Dunley, 6, followed after a little downhill by a short steep 
ascent just before the Hundred House. 

On r., Areley Hall ; on I., Dernley Hall. At Hundred So. Inn, on I., Witley 
Court ; on r., Abberley Lodge. 

Hundred House Inn to Bromyard (11^— 20|) ; keep to Z. over 
Stanford Bridge, 11^ (cross B. Teme), through High House Tp., 13f , Upper 
Sapey, 14|, Tedstone Wafer, 17^, and Sandy Cross, 18|. [Or at Stanford 
Bridge turn to I. round Stanford Park to Sapey Wood, 15, thence through 
Clifton, 16^, and Lower Sapey, 17f, to just before Sandy Cross, 20f .] 

Beyond Stanford Bridge, on I., Stanford Park and Court, ^m. before Sandy 
Cro33, on r., Saltmarsh Castle j Jm. beyond, on r. Im., Buckenhill. Bromyard, 
p. 121. 

Bromyard to Hereford (14 — 34|) ; through Cooper's Green, 21|- 
(keep to r.). Stoke Lacey, 24|, Burley Gate, 26A^, Withington Marsh, 301-, 
and over Lug Bridge, 32^. E/eturning, after Lug Bridge, turn 2nd to I., 
and ^n. past it. 

Beyond Stoke Lacey, on r., Moreton Court. Before Lug Bridge, on I., New 
Court. Hereford, p. 114. 

Hereford to Pontrilas (12 — 46 1) ; through Hereford cross E. Wye, 
a short distance beyond turn to r., and nearly 2m. farther keep to I., and by 
(lOose Pool, 38j- {2m. farther turning to I. and then keep to r.), over 
Willcocks Bridge, 40j, and through St. Devereux, 42j, Wormebridge, 43^, 
and Kenderchurch, 45f . 

2m. out of Hereford, on I., Mountpleasant ; on r., Belmont. Beyond 
Cioose Pool, on I., Allensmore Ho. At St. Devereux, on I., Didley Court and 
Kilpeck Castle. At Pontrilas, 3m. on Z., down the Monnow Valley, ruins of 
(irosmont Castle. On r., running 12 or 13m. N.W., is the narrow valley of the B. 
Dore, called the Golden Valley. About Im. from Pontrilas, is Ewias Harold 
Castle, and Im. farther, Dore Abbey. 

Pontrilas to Abergavenny (12 — 58|) ; through Rowlston, 48, 
Alterines, 51^, Llanfihangel Crucornwy, 53|, and Llandilo Bertholey, 66. 
[Or beyond Pontrilas turn to I., and by Monmouth Cap, 47^, Langue, 48, 
joining the other road about half-way.] 

At Alterines, 2m. on r., old castle, and 2 or 3m. farther, the ruins of 
Llanthony Abbey. Before Llandilo, 2m. on r., the Sugar Loaf Mountain, 
Abergavenny, p. 110. 

GLOUCESTER TO TENBURY. 

Gloucester to Ledbury {161) — P- 116. 

Ledbury to Bromyard (12f — 29^); in Ledbury keep to Z., and over 
Ledden Bridge, 18|, through Stapley, 19^, Stanley Hill, 2H, Castle Frome, 
2 ), Bishop's Frome, 24 J, and Cooper's Green, 28|-. Eeturning, keep to I. 
at Cooper's Green. 

Bromyard, p. 121. 

Bromyard to Tenbury (10| — 40) ; in Bromyard turn sharp to Z., 
and leaving the town turn to r., over Inkstone Bridge, 30, through Edwin 
Kalph, 31^, and Little Kyre Tjj., 35. 

Beyond Inkstone Bridge, on v., Buckenhill. On ?•., Kyi'e Park. Before 
Tenbury, Im. on r., Kyrewood Ho. j Im. on I., Burford Ho, Tenbury, p. 120. 

\ 



325 

BIRMINGHAM TO BRECON. 

Birmingham to Halesowen (7f ) ; by the Black Boy Inn, 5j, is a 
good road after first 3in. 

Before Halesowen, on I., Leaseowes ; beyond, Halesowen Abbey. On r., 
about half-way, Warley Abbey. Pretty country. 

Halesowen to Kidderminster (10 — 17f ) ; entering Halesowen 
turn to I., and a little farther to r., cross part of the Lickey Hills, to Hagley, 
llf , into which there is a long steep descent ; the rest is easy. 

On I., Hagley Pai-k and Field So. ; nn r., Pedmore Hall. 2m. beyond 
Hagley, on Z., Broom Mo. 2iii. before Kidderminster, on r-, Park Hall and 
Harcatt Hall. Kidderminster, p. 126. 

Kidderminster to Bewdley (3 — 20|) is mostly downhill. Eeturn- 
ing, a little out of Bewdley keep to r. 

Beyond Kidderminster, on ?'., Summer Hill, Blakebrook Ho., and The Lea; 
on I., Spring Grove, Tickenhill Ho., and Sandbourn. Bewdley lies on R. Severn ; 
Im. on I., llibbesford Hall. 

Bewdley to Tenbury (14 — 34|) ; keeping to I. S^w. out of Bewdley, 
the road is hilly for the first half, through Clowstop Tg., 26, to Mamble, 
27| ; after that it is very easy going through Newnham, 311, where it 
joins the Worcester and Droit wich road, and runs near the R. Teme, 
turning to I. and crossing it just before Tenbury. 

On I., Newnham Court. Tenbury, p. 120. 

Tenbury to Leominster (9| — 44); through Leyster's Pole, 3S\, 
Kimbolton, 41:^, and Stockton Cross, 42j-. Returning, out of Leominster, 
after crossing B. Lug, turn, to r. 

Leominster, p. 122. 

Leominster to White Hill T.P.G. (81— 52^) ; in the town turn to 
r. and a mile beyond keep to I., and through Monkland, 46 1, and Dilwyn, 

At Whitehill T.P.G., on I to Weohley (f— 53). 

Beyond Leominster, on I., Ryelands. Before Dilwyn, on r., Henwood Court; 
beyond, on I., The Homme. 

White Hill T,P.G. to Willersley, Tp. (61—58^); through Sar- 
nesfield, o3f , Kinnersley, 55f, and Cross, 58, (where turn to I.) 

On I., Kinnersley Castle; on r., Sarnosfield Ho. At Cross, Eardisley Park 
and Castle. 

Willersley to Hay (7^—66) : turn to r., and through Wmforton, 
59 J, Whitney, GU, (just beyond, cross B. Wye), and Clifford, 63|, to Hay. 

On I., Whitney Court, On r., ruins of Clifford Castle j on I., The Priory. At 
Hay, the castle. 

I Hay to Brecon (I5|--81i)— p. 116. 
BIRMINGHAM TO BRECON (by Kington). 
Birmingham to Tenbury (34f) — above. 
Tenbury to Brimfleld Cross (4— 38f ) ; instead of turning to 1 , 
and crossing B. Teme, keep straight on, and as on p. 120. 
Brimfield Cross to Mortimer's Cross (8— 46|j ; throug-n 



326 

Wooferton Cross, 39| (turn to I.), Comberton, 41, Portway, 41^, (turn to 
I., and l^m. farther to »'.), whence the road becomes hilly through Bircher, 
431, Cock Gate, 44|-, and Lucton, 46, 

At Cock Gate, on r., iir Croft Park, remains of Croft Castle and an ancient 
entrenchment. Mortimer's Cross, p. 122. At Bircher, on /., Highwood Ho. 

Mortimer's Cross to Kington (9| — 56|) ; through Shobden, 48|, 
Staunton-on- Arrow, 50f , Lyonshall, 54, and Penrhos, 55. Heturnmg, at 
uyonshall, turn to I. [Or at Shobden turn to r., through Byton Cross, 
30^, where turn to I., Staunton-bach, 53^, Titley Tp., 54, and Titley ch., 
54^, to Kington, 57|-.] 

At Stauuton-bach, on I., Staunton Park; oar., on Wapley Hill, an ancient 
oamp. On r., Shobden Court; on I., Titley Court, and a little farther, on r., 
Eywood Park. Kington, &c., p. 115. 

Kington to Hay (12 — 68J) ; over Hargest Bridge, 58, by Knoll, 59, 
and Brilley Mountain, 62|. B;eturning, 4<m. out of Hay keep to I. 
On I., Hargest Court. 

Hay to Brecon (15^— 83f)— p. 116. 

BIRMINGHAM TO KNIGHTON. 

Birmingham to Bewdley (20|)— p. 325, 

Bewdley to Cleobury Mortimer (8 — 28f ) ; keeping to r. 3^ m. out 
of Bewdley, the road is hilly. Returning, just out of Cleobury turn to r. 
Before Cleobury, on I., Mawley Hall. 

Cleobury Mortimer to Ludlow (13 — 41|) ; after Hopton Wafers, 
30|-, the road becomes very hilly, passing over part of the Clee Hills, 
through Hope Baggot, 36, and Caynham, 38|. [Or 3|m. past Hopton 
Wafers keep to r., and by Henley, 38, to Ludlow, 40.] 

On r., Hopton Couft. 2|m. before Ludlow, on I., Henley Park. On Z., 
Caynham Court, and on r., Caynham Camp. Ludlow, p. 120. 

Ludlow to Walford (10 — 51f ) ; about l^m. out of Ludlow keep to 
t., and through Bromfield, 44|, and Leintwardine, 50^; rather hilly. 

At Bromfield, on I., Oakley Park. 2 or Sni. farther, on I., Downton Castle. 
Before Walford, on I., Brandon Camp. 

Walford to Knighton (7^—59)— p. 122. 

WOLVERHAMPTON TO CARMARTHEN. 

Wolverhampton to Bridgenorth (13f-) ; leaving Wolverhampton 
turn to I. from the Shifnal road, and through Compton, If, Wightwick, 3, 
Tresiot, 4^, Shipley, 7\, over Eudge Heath, through Bradeney, 9\, Wyken, 
10|, and Eoughton, 11|, to the suburb of St. James, 1 3|, whence cross R. 
Severn into the town ; rather hilly road, and not particularly smooth. 

At Wyken, a little on r., Davenport Mo. Bridgenorth, p. 126. 

Bridgenorth to Ludlow (19| — 33|) ; outside the town keep to Z., 
and by Hubbatts Mill, 15f (keep to I.), through Down, 17, Westbach, 17^, 
Lower Faintree, 19^, Neenton, 20f, North Cleobury, 22, Burwarton, 23^, over 
the Clee Hilis to Clee Downton, 27, by the Moor, 28i, and through Middle- 
ion, 31, and Bock Green, 32:^. Returning, beyond Bock Green keep to I. 



327 

Before Lower Faintree, on I., Faintree Hall; on r., Neenfcon Hall. On Z., 
Cleobury Hall ; on r., Barwarton Hall. At Ludlow, on r., Staunton So. 
Ludlow, p. 120. 

Ludlow to Wigmore (8 — ill) ; entering Ludlow by the Norfh end, 
turn to I., then to r., leaving the town by a narrow archway, and a dangerous 
steep hill to descend to B. Teme, beyond which turn sharp to r., and through 
Aston, 37|, Elton, 38^, and Leinthall Starkes, 40. 

Out of Ludlow, on I., Ludford So. and Ludford Park. On I., Elton Hall ; a 
little farther, on r., Marlbrook Hall. At Wigmore, on L, Bury Mo.; on r., ruins 
of Wigmore Castle and Wigmore Hall. 

Wigmore to Presteign (8^ — 49|) ; at Wigmore turn first to Z., then 
to r., hilly road through Dicken Dale, 435-, over Deerford orDawold Forest, 
through Lingen, 451- (bear first to r., then to I.). 

Im. before Presteign, on I., Stapleton Castle. Presteign, p. 117. 

Presteign to New Radnor (7| — 57j) ; by Beggar's Bush, 51^, and 
Kinnerton, 64|. [Or turn to l„ and by Knill : about llm. longer.] 
At Beggar's Bush, Im. on r., Grove Hall; on I., Erenjobb. 

New Radnor to Bualt or Builth (14 — 71^) ; there is a long pull 
up-hill through and for a mile or two beyond Llanfihangel-Nant-Melan, 60 
(just beyond keep to Z.), and then hilly, with run down for 2 or 3m. to 
Llanelwood, 70|, whence cross B. 'SYje to Builth. 

Builth to Llangammarch (8| — 79^); through Llanavon, 75|» 
mostly up-hill. 

Llangammarcli to Llandovery (14|— 93|); through LI wydloFach, 
84i and Talgarth Fach, 89^. 

Beyond Talgarth, on r., Glan Bran Park. Llandovery, p. 111. 

Llandovery to Carmarthen (26| — 120J) — p. 111. 

SHREWSBURY TO HAY. 

Shrewsbury to Bishop's Castle (21) ; through ISTobold, 2, Long 
den, 5|, Pulverbatch, 81, Stitt, ll^-, Bridges, 13, and iN'orbury, 16; no 
difficult hills. Returning, a little out of Bishop's Castle turn to I. 

At 3m., on I., Lythwood Hall. At Stitt, on r., the Stiper Stones Hill exteuds 
for 5 or 6m. At Norbury, Im. on r., Linley Hall. Bishop's Castle, p. 120. 

Bishop's Castle to Clun (5| — 26^) ; a little out of the former turn 
to r., and tkrough Coldbach, 22, Acton, 23|-, and Golesley or Colstey, 24|. 

Past Acton, on I., Bury Ditches, an ancient British entrenchment. 2 or 3m, 
farther E., beyond Walcot Park, is another, called Borough Hill. 

Clun to Knighton (7 — 33|), is rather more hilly. 
Knigliton, p. 117. 

Knighton to Presteign (7 — 40 1) — p. 122. 

Presteign to Kington (6|- — 46|) ; a little out of Presteign keep to r., 
and through Eodhurst, 39|- (keep to I.), Titley Tp., 41 (keep to r.), and 
Titley {ch.), 41 1. Eeturning, at Titley Tp. keep to I. 

On I., Titley Court, and on r., Eywood Park. Kington, p. 115. 

Kington to Hay (12— 58f)— p. 326. 



BRiDaENOETH TO TEHBURY. 

Bridgenorth to Cleobury Mortimer (13^) ; through Oldburj, 1, 
Glazeley, 3f, DeuxhiU, 4^, Billmgsley, 5|, and by New Inn, 9|; rather hilly 
in the latter half. 

Before Glazeley, on I., Woodlands. At New Inn, on r., Kiulet Hall. 

Cleobury Mortimer to Tenbury (8 — 21^); through the town turn 
to I., and through Milsom, 16|, and Burraston or Boraston, 19[ 



)l 



LUDLOW TO SHIFNAL. 

Ludlow to Much Wenloek (20) ; follow the Shrewsbury road for 
l|m., then keep to r., under the railway, and up Corve Dale ; by Stanton 
Lacey, 3, Culmingfcon, 6|-, Seifton, 6, and f w. farther turn short on r., over 
Self ton Forest, through Diddlebury, or Delbury, 7|, Munslow Aston, 8^, 
Munslow, 9J, Broadstone, 11, Shipton, 137^, Brocton, 15, and Burton, 17^, it 
is a gentle rise nearly all the way ; no hills. 

Beyond Ludlow, on l., Oakley Park. At Delbury, on r., Molehouse Lodge. 
Past Munslow, on L, Millichope Hall. Beyond Shipton, on I., Larden Hall ; and 
Latwyche Hall on Wenloek Edge. Much Wenloek, p. 126. 

Much Wenloek to Broseley (3^—23^); at the Marsh, 21^, keep 
to Z. 

Broseley to Madeley Market (3 — 26 1) ; at the beginning of 
Broseley turn to I., cross B. Severn by the Iron Bridge, and through Coal- 
brookdale, 24|- (keep to »'.). 

The road traverses a small edition of the Black Country. 

Madeley Market to Shifnal (3| — 30^) ; l^m. farther keep to I. 

[Or at The Marsh, 21^, keep to r., through Barrow, 22|-., l^m. farther 
to I., and directly after to r., passing Broseley on I. ; 2m. again cross B. 
Severn, a steep descent to it and steep ascent from it, and through Brock- 
ton, 26|, joming the other road l^m. past Madeley Market to Shifnal, 
30|]. 

At BarroW; on r., Willey Park and Hall. Shifnal, p. 140. 

BRIDGENORTH TO SHIFNAL. 

Bridgenorth to Shifnal (lOf) ; cross B. Severn, turn to I., and 
through Stockton, 4|, Norton, 5, Sutton Maddock, 6, and Brockton, 7, hilly 
road, with bad stony surface : ^m. before Brockton on I., to Madeley Market 
(2-8i). 

At Stockton, on I., Apley Park. 

CHESTER TO BRECON. 

Chester to Wrexham (llf ) ; cross B. Dee, and the road is rather 
rough to near Pulford, 5|, and then it improves through Rassett or Rossit, 
6|, to Gresford Road, 7|, beyond which is Marfoot Hill to mount, l^m. 
long, rather loose, and the rest is a capital road. 

(Wrexham: Commercial; Lion, B.T.C. ; Wynnstay Arms.) 
Before Pulford, on I., Eaton Hall. At Eassett, on L, Trevallyn Hall. At 
Gresford road, on L, Horseley Hall. Im. before Wrexham, on I., Acton Hall. 



329 

Wrexham to Ruabon (5| — 17^) ; taking the right hand road, there 
h a steep hill out of Wrexham, and then the road is apt to be loose and 
heavy. 

{Ruabon : Foxes ; Wynnstay Arms, B.T.C.) 

3m. beyond Wrexham, on L, Erthig; on r., Pentre-bychan. At Raabon, on 
Z., Wynnstay Park. 

Ruabon to Chirk (4| — 22); a mile out of Riiabon keep to Z., the 
road is pretty good over New Bridge, 19|- {B. Dee), and through White- 
hursts Tp., 20, where join the Holyhead road. 

Fine scenery, ^m. beyond Raabon, on r., Plas Madoc. At Chirk, on Z^ 
Penrhos and Brynkinalt ; on r., Chirk Park and Castle. 

Chirk to Oswestry (5| — 27i) — p. 127 ; reversed 

Oswestry to Llanymynech (5f — 33) through Llyngclys, 30f . 
Beyond Oswestry, on r., Broom Hall; on I., Belle Vuej l^m. beyond, on Z., 
Sweeney Hall. 

Llanymynech to Welshpool (10—43) ; l\m. farther cross E.Yyrnwy 
and by Four Crosses, 35|, Waerdy Bridge, 36|- (keeping to Z. f?n.. farther), 
New Quay, 40. [Or fm-. past Waerdy Bridge keep to r., and through 
Guilsfield, where keep to Z. to Welshpool, 44.] 

Past Four Crosses, on r., Rhysnant Hall. Welshpool, p. 121. 

Welshpool to Newtown (14 — 57) ; If m. farther keep to I., a little 
beyond to r., to near Berriew, 48, just before which keep to Z., by Garth 
Mill Tg., 491, and Glan Hafren, 511. 

At Garth Mill Tg., on Z., Glan Severn ; on r., Yaynor Park and Garth Mill 
Hall. At Glan Harfren, on r., Pennant ; and 2/h. farther, on r., Aberbechan 
Hall. Newtown, p. 122. 

Newtown to Llanidloes (13 — 70); the road follows the right bank 
of the B. Severn, through Penystrywad, 60, and Llandinam, 631-. 

{Llandiloes : Lion; Tre wy than Arms, i^.T.C) 

On r., Penystrywad Hall; l^m. farther, on r., Maes Mawr Hall. 3m. beyond 
Llandinam, on I., Berthddw. 

Llanidloes to Rhayader (13 — 83) ; turn to I. (south easi^ward) out 
of Llanidloes, and it is a hilly road through St. Harmon, 79. [Or to Llan- 
gurig, 74, whence turning sharp to Z. down the Wye valley to Rhayader, 

83.] 

Rhayader, p. 115. 

Rhayader to Builth or Bualt (14 — 97); down the left bank of 
B. Wye, by Doldowlod, 87, and over Ithon Bridge, 92. Returning, from 
Builth keep to I. 

Before Builth, on Z., Wellfield and Llanelwith Hall. 

[Or just beyond Newtown, on I., chiefly uphill by Clay Hill, 581, to 
Camnant Bridge, 62, and downhill through Llanbadarn-fynydd, 651, 
Llanbister, 68f, Llanddewi-ystrad-enny, 71f, Llanbadarn-Yawr, 75, 
Llandinrod Wells, 79, to Builth, 86.] 

At Llandinrod Wells are some mineral springs of considerable local repute. 

Builth to Brecon (16^ — 113^); through Llandewr-cwm, 98, Llan- 
gynog, 100, Capel Dryffyn Honddu, or Upper Chapel, 104 j, whence all 
downhill by Lower Chapel, 108^, and Llandefailog, 110|. [Or at Builth 
turn to Z., keeping down the Wye valley through Capel-allt-Mawr, Erwood, 



330 

Llyswen, 109, then keep to r. to Bronllys, 111^, whence through YeUinvach, 
114i, to Brecon, 118f .] 

CHESTER TO HAVERFORDWEST. 

Chester to Ruabon (17i)—pp. 328-9. 

Ruabon to Llangollen (6 — 23i) ; a short distance out of Euabon 
Lhere is a very steep hill where the road crosses the railway, after which it 
is almost all downhill to Llangollen ; capital road, except at one place where 
it passes some ironworks, and there are two or three tram lines across the 
steepest part of the hill. 

Llangollen to Corwen (10| — 33|)— p. 127. 

Corwen to Bala (13 — 46|); just beyond Corwen keep to I. along 
the left bank of B. Dee, through Cynwyd, 36^, Llaudrillo, 38| (keep to r.), 
to the foot of the Bala Lake or Llyn Tegid just before Bala, when turn to 
r. across B. Dee : undulating road. [Or beyond Corwen keep to r., and 
cross B. Dee and B. Alwen to Druid Inn, 36|, then turn to I. and it is 
chiefly uphill by Four Crosses and up Nant-ffranan for 6m., then down 
through Llanfor, 43^, to Bala, 44|.] 

{Bala : White Lion Royal, B.T.G.) 

2m. past Llandrillo, on r., Crogen. 2m. farther, on r., Pale and Y- 
Fron-heilog. 2m. before Bala, on r., Bodweni. At the foot of Bala Lake, on ^., 
Plas E-hiwaedog and Castle Cronw. Beyond Llanfor, on r., Ehiwlas. 

Bala to Dolgelly (18 — 64^) ; the road skirts the shore of Bala Lake, 
through Llanycil, 47^, to within a mile of Llanwchllyn, 61^ ; then it 
ascends for 3m., and the rest is a gradual fall through Drwsynant, 65^, and 
down the Wnion Yalley. 

Beautiful scenery. At the head of Bala Lake, on Z., Glan-y-Llyn ; on r., a 
little farther, Caer Gai. ^Afc Llanwchllyn, on a hill on r., ruins of Castle 
Carnduchan. On ^., Aran Mowddwy Mountain. Dolgelly, p. 121. 

Dolgelly to Machynlleth (14^ — 79) ; in Dolgelly turn to Z., and by 
Cross Foxes, 67| (keep to r.), Minffordd Inn, 71 (keep to Z.),Pontabercorys, 
74, and Esgair-geiliog, 75 ; on the rise for om., then downhill to Minffordd 
fnn, and after a mile or two of uphill the rest is on the fall. For half the 
distance the 5'oad skirts the base of Cader Idris Mountain. Turn to I. and 
cross B. Dyfi just before Machynlleth. 

Machynlleth, p. 122. 

MachynUeth to Aberystwith (18f— 97|) ; follow the Dyfi Valley 
down to G^rreg, Sb\, Eglwys-fach, 86^^, then the road becomes more hilly 
through Trerddol, 88|, and Talybont,^90J. 

Before Eglwys-fach, on I., Glan-Dyfi Castle ; on r., Tomen-las. Aberystwith, 
p. 115. 

Aberystwith to Llanrhystyd (9| — 107?) ; cross the harbour, 
through Piccadilly, 99f (keep to r. twice), Ehyd-y-Felin, lOOf, by Llan- 
rhystyd Road Station, 101, and after crossing^. Ystwyth keep to r: for 
the last 3 or 4m.. the road is within a mile of the sea shore. 

At Rhyd-y-Felin, on r., Tan-y-Castell j and |m. farther, Bryn-yr-eithin. 

Llanrhystyd to Aberaeron (7^ — 114f); the road runs close to the 
sea through Llannon, 109|, Aber ArtU, 112, and Llanddewi Aberarth. 112f. 



331 

(Aberaeron : Black Lion.) 

At Aberaeron, on r., Castle Cadwgan. 

Aberaeron to Cardigan (22| — 137i) ; keep to r. and through 
HenfTnyw, 116, Llanarth, 118f, hj ISTew Inn, 126, through Blaenporth, 
131;j-, Tramam, 133|-, and Warren, 13o|-. 

At Llanarth, on L, Noyadd. Cardigan, p. 112. 

Cardigan to Eglwyswrw (6 — 143^), through Llantwyd, 140f. 

Eglwyswrw to Haverfordwest (20 — 163^) ; just beyond keep to 
I., and through Pontynon, 144f , Hendra Gate, 14:5^, Pont Llanbiran, 146f , 
Tavarn y Bwlch, 148f ; then cross the Mynydd Breseley, by New Inn, 152, 
to Castle Hendre or Henry's Moat, 153^, and through Brogull, lo8^, and 
Prendergast, 162. Returning, keep to r. at Prendergast. 

Haverfordwest, p. 93. 

ABERYSTWITH TO CARMARTHEN. 

Aberystwith to Llanrhystyd (9|) — p. 330. 

Llanrhystyd to Lampeter (15| — 25) ; turn to I. through Pont 
Flafod Peris, 11, Dyffryn Arth, 13|, Talsarn, 17|, by King's Head, I8f, and 
Fo?s Gwy, 22J. Returning, just out of Lampeter keep to L, and at King's 
lluad to r. 

[Or at Aberaeron, 17, on I. up the Aeron Yalley, through Llanerchaeron 
and Llanfihangel-ystrad to beyond King's Head ; about 12m. longer.] 

At Llanerchaeron, on /., Lan Ayron. Lampeter, p. 112. 

Lampeter to Carmarthen (23 — 48) ; .cross B. Teifi, then turn to r. 
and through Pencarreg, 28|, Llan y Byther, 30^, Pont-ceiliog, 32^, Gwar-allt, 
34^ (keep to I.), New Inn, 35^ Gwyrgryg, 36|, Troed-y-rhiew, 39|, Rhyd-y- 
caean, 441-, and Llangwili, 46| : very hilly road, passing over a range of 
mountains. 

At Pencarreg, on r., Llanvaughan. 2m. before Carmarthen, on r., Cwmgwili. 
Carmarthen, p. 93. 

ABERYSTWITH TO SWANSEA. 

Aberystwith. to Lampeter (25) — above.. 

Lampeter to Llansawyl (9 — 34) ; cross Lampeter Mountain, and 
it is uphill for 3 or 4m., and rest downhill. 
{Llansawyl: Black Lion.) 

Llansawyl to Llandilo (10 — 44), through Talley, 37. Returning, 
a little out of Landilo keep to I. 

2m, past Talley, on r., Taliaris. Llandilo, p. 111. 

Llandilo to Pontardnlais (14 — 58) ; through Llan-dybie, 49, by 
Cross Inn, 51, and Llanedy, 561^. Returning, a little out of Pontardulais 
keep to r. 

At Llan-djbie, on /., Glyn-hir. 

Pontardulais to Swansea (8i — 66^). Returning, 2w2-. out of Swansea 
keep to r. 

PEMBROKE TO FISHGUARD. 

Pembroke to Burton (2|) ; good road with one stiff hill to descend 
to Pembroke Dock, 2, whence cross by ferry to Burton (fare 2d., bicycle 2d. / 



332 

Burton to Haverfordwest (7| — 10) ; by Houghton, 3|, Claresfcon, 
6|, through Freystrope, 71, and over Mawdlin's Bridge, 9|. Eeturning, 
after Mawdlin's Bridge keep to I. 

[Or cross to New Milford or Neyland, a little to I. of Barton, and thence 
almost level to Hayston, out of which is a steep ascent, and down again to 
Johnston, 8, rather rough road: thence to Haverfordwest, 4—12 {p. 9i)). 
Returning, at Johnston turn to Z. past the railway.] 

At Houghton, on r., Williamston and Benton Castle. At Freystrop, on r., 
Boulston. 

Haverfordwest to Fishguard (141 — 24|) ; keeping to I. at Pren- 
dergast, 10^, it is a good undulating road by Mount Pleasant, 12, to Windy 
Hill, 12|, which will have to be walked, and then rather hilly but nothing 
difficult, over Trefgarn Bridge, 14f , to Ford Chapel, 16| ; after leaving 
Ford, the steep ascent of Wolf's Castle Hill is reached, then a slight ascent 
over a good hard road brings to Letterston, 19^, and the rest is undulating 
over New Bridge, 20f , and by Ffynnonstown, 233- : good surface. 

At Ford, on /., an ancient camp. 2m. past New Bi-idge, on r., Llanstinan 
Castle. Beyond Wolf's Castle, on r,, Sealyham. On I., Trefgarn Hall. Fishguard, 
p. 112. 

SHREWSBURY TO ABERYSTWITH. 

Shrewsbury to Westbury (8f) ; cross H. Severn and first to 7. 
then to r. ; through Cruckton, 3f , Nox, 4j, Yockleton or Lockerton, 6, and 
Sfconey Stretton, 7. 

Beyond Shrewsbury, on r., Cadogan Place. On ^, Cruckton Hall. At Nox, 
-m I., Newnham. 

Westbury to Montgomery (12^—21) ; keep to I. and through 
Worthen, 12, Brockton, 13, Wilmington Marion, 15 1 (keep to I.), and 
Chirbury, 18, is a bad road. 

Beyond "Westbury, on r., Whitton Hall. A little farther, on r., Caurse Castle, 
a hill fort. 

[Or from Shreivshury on I., through Han wood, 4, Pontesford, 6}, 
Pontesbury, 7^, and Minsterley, 9|, to Brockton, loi-.] 

On r., Minsterley Park. At Chirbury, on r., WalcQt ; on /., Chirbury Hall and 
Marrington Hall. Before Montgomery, on L, Lymore j^rk. Montgomery, p. J20. 

Montgomery to Newtown (9— 30)— p. 122. 

Newtown to Llanidloes (13— 43)— p. 329. 

Llanidloes to Llangurig (4 — i7); chiefly uphill for 3m., and then 
down to Llangurig. 

Llangurig to Aberystwith (17i— 64|)— p. 115. 

SHREWSBURY TO WELSHPOOL. 

Shrewsbury to Welshpool (18^) ; cross E. Severn, keep to r., 
and at Shelton, If, to I., by Pavement Gate, 4|, Cross Gate, 5f, Cardeston, 
6|, Trevenant, 12^, and Buttington {ch.), 16f . 

[Or at 10|w. turn to r. and through Woolaston to Welshpool, 19|^. 

Or to Westbury, 8f (above) ; thence onr. over the hills toWclshpool, 16f .] 

3m. out of Shrewsbury, on /., Onslow Hall and Dinthill. On r., at 2in., Os.od 



333 

Hall; at 3m., Bicton Hall; at 4m., Preston Hall. Before Cardeston, on /., 
Whistone Priory. On l.^ Cardeston Park ; a little farther, on r., Rowton Castle. 
Welshpool, p. 121. 

SHEEWSBURY TO MAENTWROG. 

Shrewsbury to Wesscliff (8J)— p. 126. 

Nesscliff to Llanrhaiadr (18|— 27i) ; at Wolf's Head, 10, keep to 
I. through Knockin, \2\, a little farther again to I., past Lljneclys station, 
Ib^, -whence is chiefly downhill to Llan-y-blodwell, IS^-, and then up the 
Tanat valley, through Llangedwyn, 22|, about Sm. beyond which keep to r. 

Before Knockin, on I., Knockin Hall; 2hi. beyond, on r., Moreton Hall. 
Before the village, on I., Blodwell Hall ; on r., Llangedwin Hall and Plas-nchaf. 
Lianahaiadr, also called Llanrhaiadr-yn-Mochant. 

Llanrhaiadr to Bala (15— 42|-) ; follow the valley for 2 or 3m. past 
Llangynnog, 32j, when the road crosses the Berwyn Mountains, uphill for 
Si,i., then similar long downhill towards Bala, about 4m. before which town 
join the Corwen road. [Or Im. before Llanrhaiadr keep to Z., instead of 
going through it, both roads joining 2m. beyond that village.] 

Bala, p. 330. 

Bala to Maentwrog (20— 62^) ; for first half the road follows a smal^ 
valley and is more or less on a moderate rise, then it crosses the mountains 
for about 5m., and the rest is easy downhill through. Festiniog, 59f. 

SHREWSBURY TO MOLD AND FLINT. 

Shrewsbury to Arraour Hill (5|) — p. 321. 

Armour Hill to EUesmere (10| — 16}) ; through Middle, 8, 
Burlton, 9^, and Cockshut, 12|-. [Or to Wem, 10? (p. 321), thence turn to 
I. and by Wolverley, loj, and Welch Hampton, 18|, to EUesmere, 21^. 
Eeturning, Im. out of EUesmere turn to Z.]. 

{EUesmere : Bridgewater Arms, B.T.C.) 

On /., Middle Castle. Beyond Burlton, on I., Pelton Hall ; \m. iarther, on r., 
Stanwardine Hall. At Wolverley, on /., Loppington Ho. Before EUesmere, on 
r., Oteley Park. At EUesmere, ruins of the castle. 

EUesmere to Wrexham (12;^ — 28^) ; through Overton, 21^ (keep 
to I.), Eyton, 24^, and Marchwiel, 26 ?. Returning, at Marchwiel keep to r. 

Beyond Overton, on r., Bryn-y-Pees and Maegwaylod • on L, Overton Brow, 
On r., Eyton Hall, and on I., Rose Hill. On I., Marchwiel Hall and Erthig; on 
r., Cefn Hall. Wrexham, p. 328. 

Wrexham to Caergwrle (5| — 33|) by the left .hand road ; rougt* 
and shaky, and rather hilly. 

3)u. past Wrexham, on r., Gwersyllt Hall. At Caergwrle, the ruins of the 

castle. 

Caergwrle to Mold (6f— 40|), through Hope, 34^. 
2m. beyond Hope, on /., Plas Teg. Mold, p. 148. 

Mold to Northop (3^— 43f). 

Northop to Flint (3— 461)— p. 150. 



334 

CHESTER TO BALA (by Ruthin). 

Chester to Mold (12i)— p. 148. 

Mold to Ruthin (8^— 20|) ; through Llanferras, 15|-, and Llanbeder, 
19j is a hilly road. 

2m. beyond Mold, on I., Colomendy Hall. On I. Llanbeder Hall. Ruthin, 
p. 149. 

Ruthin to Gwyddelwern (9— 29|) ; turn to Z.past the railway, and 
the road is more or less on the rise, running up the Olwyd valley. 

Gwyddelwern to Bala (12^ — 42) ; chiefly downhill for 3m., then join 
the road from Corwen on I., and by the Druid Inn, 34, to Bala as at p. 330. 

CHESTER TO ABERYSTWITH (by Dinas Mawddwy). 

Chester to Bala (46^)— p. 330. [Or to Bala (42)— above.] 

Bala to Dinas Mawddwy (17 — 63 J) ; the road skirts the shore of 
Bala Lake, through Llanycil, 47^, to within a mile of Llanwchllyn, 61^ ; 
there turn to I. by the ch., and gradually ascend a narrow valley — the Cwm 
Cynllwyd — for about 5m., and after crossing the hills the road runs down 
the valley of the Afon Dyfi, by Llan-y-Mowddy, 69|, and Aber-Cowareh, 
62f : wild mountain district after leaving Bala Lake. 

At the head of Bala Lake, on /., Glan-y-Llyn, and a little farther, on r,, Caer 
Gai. At Llanwchllyn, on a hill on r., ruins of Castle Carnduchan. 
(Dinas Mawddwy : Red Lion, B.l.C.) 

Dinas Mawddwy to Machynlleth (11-^ — 75)— p. 122. 
Machynlleth to Aberystwith (18|— 93f)— p. 330. 

BARMOUTH TO BANGOR. 

Barmouth to Harlech (10|) ; very bad and rough road through 
Llanaber, 1|, Egryn Abbey, 3, Llandwywe, 4|-, Llanenddwyn, 5|-, Llanbedr, 
7^, and Llanfair, 9|, running close to the coast most of the way. 

(Eaylech: Castle, jB.T. C.) 

Llanaber ch. is supposed to have been built in the 13th century. At 
Llanenddwyn, on r., Cors-y-Gedol, and near it Carneddau Hengwm, a large 
Druidic remain ; 2m. beyond, on the shores of Llyn Irddyn, are remains of an old 
British town, and of an old fort. Entering Llanbedr, on r., the Meini Hiriou 
cromlech. At Harlech, ruins of castle. Many British remains in the neigh- 
bourhood. 

Harlech to Maentwrog (10 — 20|) ; pleasant road through Llanfi- 
hangel-y-traethau, 12^. 

A mile before Maentwrog, a little on r., the waterfalls Rhaiadr-du and Raven 
Fall. 

Maentwrog to Carnarvon (21 — il^) — p. 123. 

Carnarvon to Menai Bridge (8 — 49^) ; very good road along the 
chores of Menai Straits, and through Llanfair, 44^ : pretty ride. 

On I., Plas Llanfair ; 2m. farther, on I., Vaynol Park and the Britannia 
Tubular Bridge. Menai Bridge, p. 128. 

Menai Bridge to Bangor (2| — 52)— p. 128 : reversed. 



335 

WELLINGTON (Salop) TO WHITCHURCH. 

Wellington (Salop) to Hodnet (llf) ; by Sleap, 3|, Crudgington, 
4, Waters Upton, 4^ (keep to I. and then to r.), Cold Hatton, 6J, and over 
[ Hodnet Heath, lOi-. Eeturning, out of Hodnet keep to I- 

Beyond Wellington, on r., Apley Castle. 2^m. beyond Cold Hatton, on r., 
Peplow Hall. At Hodnet, 2m. on I., Bury Walls, a Eoman station. 

Hodnet to Whitchurch (9| — 21^); keep to Z., and through Mar- 
chamley, 13, Fawles or Fauls Green, 15, Darliston, 15|-, Sandford, 16|, and 
Heath Lane, 19. Returning, Im. out of Whitchurch and again beyond 
Heath Lane keep to I. 

Beyond Marchamley, on I., Hawkstone Parkj on r., Sandford Hall. Whit- 
church, p. 148. 

BIRMINGHAM TO SHEFFIELD. 

Birmingham to Lichfield (16)— p. 308. 

Lichfield to King's Bromley (o| — 21|) ; keep to r. Ifm. out of 
Lichfield, and again l^m. farther on. 

2hm. past Lichfield, on r., Elmhurst, and a little farther, on Z., Haunch Hall. 
On L, Bromley Hall. 

King's Bromley to Sudbury (10| — 32) ; keep to Z. and over 

Yoxall Bridge, 22^ {B. Trent), through Yoxall, 23|, JS^eedwood Forest, 
Christchurch in IST eedwood, 26^, Draycott, 30, and cross B. Dove just before 

Sudbury. 

At Christchurch, on r., Byrkley Lodge. IJm. before Draycott, on /., Holly 
Bush Hall. On L, Sudbury Hall. 

Sudbury to Ashbourne (8 — iO) ; beyond Sudbury keep to r., and 
through Cubley, 35|, and Clifton, 39 (keep to r.) 

[Or froTd Lichfield to UUoxeter, (16| — 33f), p. 164; thence through 
Eocester and EUaston to Ashbourne, 10^ — 44.] 

Beyond Sudbury, on r., Sudbury Park. Ashbourne, p. 169. Beyond Eocester, 
on I., Burrow Hill. At Ellaston, on r., Colwich Abbey. 

Ashbourne to Wewhaven Inn (9 — 49^) — p. ±70. 

Newhaven Inn to Bakewell (5f — o4f ) ; keep to r. and through 
Conksbury, 53j. 

Bakewell, p. 167' 

Bakewell to Grindleford Bridge (6^—61^)— p. 181. 

Grmdleford Bridge to Sheffield, M.P. (10— 71i) ; turn to r. eve, 
the bridge {B. Derwent), and there is a long ascent to Fox House Inn, 65^ 
on the High Moors ; cross them to Einginglow Tp., 66|-, and through Bents 
Green, 68, and Little Shejffield, 70, is downhill, all rideable except the last 
bit into Sheflaeld. 

[Or from Birmingham to Derby, 40, — p. 308 ; thence to Sheffield, 36:j — 
76i— p. 178]. 

DERBY TO SHREWSBURY. 

Derby to Sudbury (13|) ; through Mickleover, 3, Etwall, 5|-, Hilton, 

7f, Hatton Moor, 10, Foston, ll^-, and Aston, 12" 



r 



On ;., Etwall Hall. On L, Foston Hall. Sudbnry, p. ]65. 



336 

Sudbury to Uttoxeter (5i — 18f); beyond Sudbury keep to I., and 
through Doveridge, 16f . 

Uttoxeter to Stafiford (13^—321) ; through Blounts Green, 19f, 
by Burnthurst Mill, 22 j, through Amerton, 26|, and Weston, 27^, where 
cross B. Trent. 

Beyond Blounts Green, on I., Loxley Park. Beyond Burnthnrst Mill, on r., 
Chartley Park, Chartley Castle ruins, and Chartley Hall. Beyond Weston, on /., 
Ingestrie Park and Hall. Stafford, p. 145. 

Stafford to Newport (1-3 — 45^) : through Billington, 35|, Haughton, 
36|, Gnosall, 39^ Coton,40f, and by Coles Mill, 43. 
Newport, p. 148. 

Newport to Watling Street (SJ— 53|) ; through Lilleshall, 47f , 
Donnington, 49|, Trench Lane, oOf, and Hadley, 51f . At Watling Street, 
on r. to Wellington (f — 54|). 

Beyond Newport, on I., Aston Hall, and the ruins of Lilleshall Abbey. A 
little farther, on r., Longford Hall. Watling Street, &c., p. 140. 

Watling street to Shrewsbury {ll\—Qhl) p. 140. 

[Or from Newport, twYnmg to r. through the town, and then to Z., 
through Edgmond, 46f , Sherry Hill, 50f , Crudgington, 53^, Cotwall, 55^, 
High Ercall, 65|, Ercall Mill, SGj, Eodenhurst, 57^, whence there is a 
stiff hill to cross over to Haughmond Abbey, 59f , and level to Shreivsbury, 
C2f.] 

Before Sherry Hill, on ?\, Stedford Castle. On r., Ercall Castle. On I., the 
ruins of Haughmond Abbey (founded 1100) ; and beyond it, on B. Severn, 
Uffington Castle ; on r., Sundorn Park and Castle. 

DERBY TO WEEXHAM. 

Derby to Uttoxeter (18|)— pp. 335-6. 

Uttoxeter to Stone (13f— 32|) ; through Bramshall, 20^, Field, 23, 
Coton, 26|-, Milwich, 27, and Stoke, 31f . Returning, at Stoke turn to r. 

At Bramshall, on I., Loxley Park. Before Coton, on ?*., Birchwood Park, and 
on I., Fradswell Hall. Beyond Milwich, on r., Hilderston Hall. At Stone are the 
remains of a nunnery. 

Stone to Woore (13| — 46) ; entering Stone tu