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Full text of "The Roman Breviary : reformed by order of the Holy cumenical Council of Trent ; published by order of Pope St. Pius V; and revised by Clement VIII., Urban VIII., and Leo XIII ; together with the offices since granted and the martyrology"

THE ROMAN BREVIARY 




THE ROMAN BREVIARY 

REFORMED BY ORDER OF THE HOLY 
OECUMENICAL COUNCIL OF TRENT; 
PUBLISHED BY ORDER OF POPE ST 
PIUS V. ; AND REVISED BY CLEMENT 
VIII., URBAN VIII., AND LEO XIII. 

TOGETHER WITH THE 

OFFICES SINCE GRANTED 
AND THE MARTYROLOGY 



TRANSLATED OUT OF 
LATIN INTO ENGLISH BY 

JOHN, MARQUESS OF BUTE, K.T. 



A NEW EDITION 
FOR USE IN ENGLAND 

IN FOUR VOLS. 
VOL. III. SUMMER 



WILLIAM BLACKWOOD AND SONS 

EDINBURGH AND LONDON 
M C M V 1 1 1 



CONTENTS 



THE PIE ... . . See vol. i. p. xix 

TWO EASY TABLES .... ix 

THE KALENDAR ... . XIX 

PRAYERS. ABSOLUTIONS AND BLESSINGS . xxxiii 

THE PSALTER 

MATTINS 

SUNDAY .... . . I 

MONDAY ..... . 73 

TUESDAY . . .92 

WEDNESDAY . . . . Io8 

THURSDAY . .... . . . .123 

FRIDAY . . .140 

SATURDAY ..... .157 

LAUDS 

SUNDAY ........ . 22 

MONDAY ........... . 87 

TUESDAY ... .... .105 

WEDNESDAY . . ....... . I 2O 

THURSDAY ... .... .137 

FRIDAY ... ...<.. . 153 

SATURDAY . 171 



TWO EASY TABLES. j x 



TWO EASY TABLES, 

COMPILED FROM THE PIE. 

And in which it can be seen at a glance what is to be done 

( I ) W hen the Second Vespers of one Office fall on the same evening with the First 
Vespers of another Office. 

(2) When t<wo Offices fall on the same day. 

To use these Tables, find the little square in which lines drawn from the 
designations of the two Offices meet at right angles, and then look what direction 
is given underneath the Table, with the number inscribed in the square. 

For instance, in Table A a Double of the Second Class meets a Semi-double 
in a square containing the numeral 4. And 4 gives the Rule " all of the former, 
with a Commemoration of the latter," but if the case be reversed they meet in I, 
and the Service is "all of the latter, nothing of the former." And so in Table B, 
the case of a Double of the Second Class and a Semi-double falling on the same 
day is provided for in 4 and 3, and it is ordered that the Semi-double be com 
memorated and the Double of the Second Class observed, o indicates a case 
which either cannot occur, or which is the subject of special directions in its own 
place. However, it is first needful to know the rank of the different Offices. 

LIST OF FEASTS ACCORDING TO THEIR CLASS. 

Doubles of the First Class. 

Christmas Day. Dec. 25. 
Twelfth-Day. Jan. 6. 
Maundy Thursday. 
Good Friday. 
Holy Saturday. 
Easter Day. 
Easter Monday. 
Easter Tuesday. 
Ascension Day. 
Whitsun Day. 
Whitsun Monday. 
Whitsun Tuesday. 
Corpus Christi. 
The Sacred Heart. 

The Immaculate Conception. Dec. 8. 
Lady Day. March 25. 
VOL. III. a 2 



TWO EASY TABLES. 

The Assumption, Aug. I 5. 

The Birthday of St John the Baptist. June 24. 

St Joseph. March 19. 

SS. Peter and Paul. June 29. 

All Saints. Nov. I. 

St Thomas of Canterbury. 1 Dec. 29. 

St George. April 23. 

St Augustine of Canterbury. May 26. 

The Dedication of the Particular Church. 

The Feast of the Patron, or Titular of the Particular Church. 

The Feast of the Chief Patron or Patrons of the diocese. 

Doubles of the Second Class. 

The Circumcision. Jan. i. 

The Holy Name. 

The Most Holy Trinity. 

The Most Precious Blood. 

The Finding of the Cross. May 3. 

Candlemas Day. Feb. 2. 

The Visitation. July 2. 

The Birth of the Blessed Virgin. Sept. 8. 

The Solemnity of the Most Holy Rosary. 

Michaelmas Day. Sept. 29. 

The Patronage of St Joseph. 

The Feasts of the Eleven Apostles, and of the Evangelists. 

St Stephen. Dec. 26. 

The Holy Innocents. Dec. 28. 

St Lawrence. Aug. 10. 

St Anne. July 26. 

St Joachim. 

St Gregory the Great. March 12. 

St Edward. Oct. 13. 

Greater Doubles. 

The Commemorations 

Of the Prayer of our Lord, 

Of His Sufferings, 

Of His Coronation, 

Of His Piercing, 

Of His Enshroudment, 

Of His Five Wounds, 

Of His Precious Blood. 
The Transfiguration. Aug. 6. 
The Most Holy Redeemer. Oct. 23. 
The Exaltation of the Cross. Sept. 14. 
Dedication of the Church of St Saviour. Nov. 9. 

1 Regarding the rank of this Feast, see note under his day. 



TWO EASY TABLES. xi 

The Expectation of the Blessed Virgin. Dec. 18. 

Her Espousal. Jan. 23. 

Her Sorrows (the two Feasts). 

The Blessed Virgin styled Help of Christians. May 24. 

The Blessed Virgin styled of Mount Carmel. July 1 6. 

Dedication of St Mary s of the Snows. Aug. 5. 

The Name of Mary. 

The Blessed Virgin styled of Ransom. Sept. 24. 

The Presentation of the Blessed Virgin. 

Her Motherhood. 

Her Purity. 

Her Patronage. 

Manifestation of St Michael. May 8. 

St Gabriel. March 18. 

St Raphael. Oct. 24. 

The Guardian Angels. Oct. 2. 

The Beheading of the Baptist. Aug. 29. 

St Peter s Chair at Rome. Jan. 18. 

St Peter s Chair at Antioch. Feb. 22. 

St Peter s Chains. Aug. i. 

The Conversion of St Paul. January 25. 

Commemoration of St Paul. June 30. 

Dedication of the Churches of SS. Peter and Paul. Nov. 18. 

St John before the Latin Gate. May 6. 

St Barnabas. June 1 1 . 

The Blessed John and his companions. May 4. 

St Bede the Venerable. May 27. 

St Alban. June 22. 

Translation of St Thomas of Canterbury. July 7. 

The Holy Relics (second Sunday in July). 

St Ursula. Oct. 21. 

St Edmund the Martyr. Nov. 20. 

St Benedict. March 21. 

St Dominic. Aug. 4. 

St Francis. Oct. 4. 

St Patrick. March 17. 

St Francis Xavier. Dec. 3. 1 

Sundays of the First Class. 

The First Sunday of Advent. 
The First Sunday of Lent. 
Passion Sunday. 
Palm Sunday. 
Easter Sunday. 
Low Sunday. 
Whitsunday. 
Trinity Sunday. 

1 The Feast was an Ordinary Double when the Office given in this Breviary was printed. 



xii TWO EASY TABLES. 

Sundays of the Second Class. 

The Second, Third, and Fourth Sundays in Advent. 

Septuagesima Sunday. 

Sexagesima Sunday. 

Quinquagesima Sunday. 

The Second, Third, and Fourth Sundays of Lent. 

Greater Week-days. 
Those of Advent. 
Those of Lent. 
The Ember Days. 
Rogation Monday. 

In the General Appendix will be found the following Greater Doubles. 

Translation of the Holy House of Loreto. 

The Finding of the Child JESUS in the Temple. 

The Holy Home. 

The Blessed Thomas Plumtree and his Companions. 

The Flight of our Lord JESUS Christ into Egypt. 

The Blessed Virgin Mary, styled of Good Counsel. 

The Blessed Virgin Mary, styled the Mother ofthe Lord our Shepherd. 

Lowliness of the Blessed Virgin Mary. 

The Blessed Virgin Mary, styled Mother of Grace. 

Translation of St Edmund. 

The Blessed Virgin Mary, styled of Perpetual Succour. 

The Blessed John Fisher. 

The Blessed Thomas More. 

Translation of St Cuthbert. 

The Blessed Thomas Percy. 



LIST OF PRIMARY FEASTS, 

I. Doubles of the First Class. 
Christmas. 
Twelfth Day. 
Easter Day. 
The Ascension. 
Whitsun Day. 
Corpus Christi. 
The Immaculate Conception. 
Lady Day. 
The Assumption. 

The Birthday of St John the Baptist. 
St Joseph. 



TWO EASY TABLES. xiii 

SS. Peter and Paul. 

All Saints. 

St Thomas of Canterbury. 

St George. 

St Augustine of Canterbury. 

The Dedication of the Particular Church. 

The Patron or Titular. 

The principal Patron or Patrons of the district or diocese. 

II. Doubles of the Second Class. 

The Circumcision. 

The Most Holy Trinity. 

Candlemas Day. 

The Visitation. 

The Nativity of the Blessed Virgin. 

Michaelmas Day. 

The Feasts of the Eleven Apostles, and of the Evangelists. 

St Stephen. Dec. 26. 

The Holy Innocents. 

St Lawrence. 

St Anne. 

St Joachim. 

St Gregory the Great. 

St Edward. 

III. Greater Doubles. 

The Transfiguration. 

The Dedication of St Saviour s. 

Dedication of St Mary s of the Snows. 

The Angels Guardian. 

The Dedication of the Basilicas of SS. Peter and Paul. 

St Barnabas. 

St Benedict. 

St Dominic. 

St Francis. 

St Gabriel. 

St Raphael. 

The Blessed John and his Companions. 

St Bede the Venerable. 

St Alban. 

The Holy Relics. 

St Ursula. 

St Edmund the Martyr. 

St Patrick. 

St Francis Xavier. 

IV. Doubles. 
The Birthday (or day kept as such) of each Saint. 



x iv TWO EASY TABLES. 

LIST OF SECONDARY FEASTS. 

I. Doubles of the First Class. 
The Most Sacred Heart of JESUS. 

II. Doubles of the Second Class. 

The Most Holy Name of JESUS. 

The Finding of the Holy Cross. 

The Feast of the Most Precious Blood. 

The Solemnity of the Most Holy Rosary. 

The Patronage of St Joseph. 

III. Greater Doubles. 

The Exaltation of the Holy Cross. 

The Sorrows of the Blessed Virgin (the two Feasts). 

The Blessed Virgin styled of Mount Carmel. 

Her Holy Name. 

The Blessed Virgin styled of Ransom. 

Her Presentation. 

The Manifestation of St Michael. 

The Beheading of St John the Baptist. 

St Peter s Chair at Rome. 

St Peter s Chair at Antioch. 

St Peter s Chains. 

The Conversion of St Paul. 

The Commemoration of St Paul. 

St John before the Latin Gate. 

The Commemorations 

Of the Prayer of our Lord, 

Of His Sufferings, 

Of His Coronation, 

Of His Piercing, 

Of His Enshroudment, 

Of His Five Wounds, 

Of His Precious Blood. 
Feast of the Most Holy Redeemer. 
The Espousal of the Blessed Virgin. 
Her Motherhood. 
Her Purity. 
Her Patronage. 

The Expectation of the Blessed Virgin. 
The Blessed Virgin styled Help of Christians. 
Translation of St Thomas of Canterbury. 

All other Feasts of our Lord, the Blessed Virgin Mary, and the Saints not 
provided for in these lists. 



TWO EASY TABLES. 



XV 



TABLE A. 



If the Second Vespers of 
























An Higher Sunday (i.e., of the First or 
























Second Class) ..... 


4 


3 


4 


4 


3 


3 


3 


3 


3 







An Ordinary Sunday .... 


4 


3 


4 


4 


3 


3 


i 


i 


i 


o 




A Double of the First Class . 


2 


4 


2 


4 


4 


4 


6 


4 


6 


4 




A Double of the Second Class 


4 


4 


4 


4 


4 


4 


3 


6 


3 


4 




A Patron or Titular .... 


2 


4 


2 


4 


4 


4 





4 


6 


4 




A Greater Double .... 


4 


4 


4 


4 


4 


6 


i 


3 


i 


4 




A Double 


4 


5 


4 


4 


5 


3 





3 


i 


4 




A Semi-double ..... 


4 


3 


4 


5 


3 


3 


i 


i 


i 


5 




An Octave-day ..... 


4 


5 


4 


4 


5 


3 


i 


3 


i 


4 




A Day within an Octave 





3 


4 


3 


3 


3 


i 





i 


5 




i . All of the latter, nothing of the former. 






















-K t 


2. All of the former, nothing of the latter. 


^ 


3 


^* 


> 


> 


^* 


** 


^ 


^ 


^* 


E 








/ 






^1 








/, 


hrl "" 


3. All of the latter, but with a Com 




C 


5 


o 


c 


g 





c 


c 


c 

3 


SV 


memoration of the former. 





1 


FT 




cr 




3 


cr 


cr 


p" 


~ B- 


4. All of the former, but with a Com 


rr 







c 
c 




/* 


o 












memoration of the latter. 




P 




o~ 




cf 


H 









? 3 


5. All of the former till the Chapter, ex 


S3 
















(D 


c 




w n> 


clusive ; then of the latter, from the 


C 












p 


SP 


!?. 




2 rt 


Chapter, inclusive, but with a Com 


r, 












* 


9 


3 




p 


memoration of the former. 


^ 














p- 


n 




13 


6. All of the more important, but with 
















n 


1 




^ 


a Commemoration of the less 
















C/l 

en 






$* 


important ; if equal, Vespers of the 






















g, 


latter from the Chapter inclusive. 






















rt 



At the First Vespers of the Octave-days of the Ascension and of Corpus 
Christi and of other Primary Feasts of our Lord, the whole Service is of the 
Octave. If a Double Feast have occupied the day, it is only commemorated, 



xvi TWO EASY TABLES. 

unless it be of the First or Second Class, in which case the Service is of it, with 
a Commemoration of the First Vespers of the Octave. 

If the Second Vespers of the Octave-days of the Feasts of our Lord which 
are Primary and more solemn, such as those of Twelfth-Day, Easter, the 
Ascension, and the others, clash with the First Vespers of a Double (including 
the Octave-day of St John the Baptist), the Double is only commemorated, 
unless it be of the First or Second Class, the Patron, Titular, or Dedication 
Feast of the particular Church, in which cases the Service is of the Double, 
with a Commemoration of the Second Vespers of the Octave. 

On the Octave-days of Primary Feasts of the Blessed Virgin, the Angels, 
St John the Baptist, St Joseph, and the Holy Apostles, there is only a Com 
memoration made of an Ordinary or Lesser Double that precedes or follows. 

If a Double or Semi-double Feast have been reduced to the condition of a 
Simple according to the Pie, Chap, x., and a Double of the First Class fall 
upon the day before, the reduced Feast is commemorated at the Second Vespers 
of the Double of the First Class only if it is to be commemorated at the Lauds 
of the succeeding day, that is to say of its own day ; but upon Doubles of the 
Second Class such a reduced Feast is commemorated at both Vespers in the 
same way as an Octave-day or a Sunday would be ; but a day within an Octave 
is not commemorated unless the next day s Office be of the same. 

When several Commemorations are to be made, they are arranged in the order 
of i, Privileged Sunday; 2, Octave-Day; 3, Greater Double; 4, Reduced 
Double ; 5, Ordinary Sunday ; 6, Day within the Octave of Corpus Christi ; 
7, Semi-double ; 8, Day within an Octave, reduced to the form of Simple ; 
9, Greater Week-day or Eve; 10, Simple. 



TTABLE B. 



TWO EASY TABLES. 



XVll 



TABLE B. 



If 




A Double of the First Class 


6 


416 


6 


4 


6 


6 


2 


2 




2 


8 


4 


4 


I 




A Double of the Second Class . 


4 


4 4 


4 


4 


6 


4 


2 


2 


8 


i 


4 


i 


I 




A Greater Double 
















Q 
































! , 




4 








A Double of a Doctor 


4 


4 


4 


4 


i 


4 


o 


O 


I 


I 





4 


i 


I 


A Double 























































3 


3 
3 




A Day within an Octave . 


4 


4 


4 


3 


3 


7 


3 


3 


3 


5 


5 


3 


3 


An Octave-dav 






















































3 


4 


3 


3 




A Semi-double 


4 


4 


4 


7 


3 


4 


3 


3 


3 


3 


5 


3 


3 


3 


A Simple .... 


3 


3 


o 


3 


3 


3 


3 


3 


3 


3 


5 


3 


3 


3 




A Greater Week-day 


6 





4 


3 


3 


3 


3 


3 


3 


3 


5 


o 


o 


o 




An Eve ..... 





5 


4 


3 


3 


3 


3 


3 


3 


3 


5 


o 


o 


o 




i . The former is transferred, and 
































the latter observed. 


3 


j* 


J** 


J* 


M 


J* 


>** 


i- 1 * 


(J* 


^ 


* 


K> 


l> 


1> 


P 


2. The former is observed, and 
the latter transferred. 
3. The latter is observed, and 
the former commemorated. 


w 
9 


Greater We 


I 
pT 


CO 
fD 

3 

1 

cr 


i Octave-da; 


p 
Er 

5 


Double. 



o 
c 
cr 
ST 

S, 


Greater Do 


Double of t 


Double of t 


i Ordinary 


Sunday of t 


Cfl 

cL 
P 
v; 

c 




fl> 

cn 
P 






n 








J 






I-* 


p 


p 




~ 


. 




4. The former is observed, and 

















c 


cr 





o 


Ej 


S 


O 


ro 


the latter commemorated. 




3 








O 

r, 




n 
O 




n 

n 


<r. 


f 


X 

n 


| 


p 


5. The former is altogether 
omitted, and the latter 












P 
-1 
o 








B^ 
n 


n 

ET 






-EL 


n 


& 


observed. 




















cr, 


CO 




P 


Ul 

en 




6. The former is observed, and 


























en 






the latter altogether omitted. 
































7. The more important is ob 
































served, and the less im 
































portant commemorated. 
































8. The more important is ob 
































served, and the less im 
































portant transferred. 

































VOL. III. 



xviii TWO EASY TABLES. 



Note. 

A Double of any sort, even the Patron, Titular, or Dedication Feast of the 
particular Church, if it fall on Dec. 24, Whitsun Eve, Jan. i or 13, Ash 
Wednesday, Holy, Easter, or Whitsun Weeks, Ascension Day, Corpus Christi 
Day, March 25, Aug. 15, Dec. 8, Midsummer Day, March 19, June 29, or 
Nov. i, is transferred, if it can be transferred, but if not, it is simply com 
memorated upon its own day, or totally omitted, as may be directed in the Pie. 

Within the Octave of the Epiphany no Feast can be kept except Double 
Feasts of the First Class, and that with Commemoration of the Octave. Other 
Feasts of Nine Lessons are permanently fixed on the first free day after the 
Octave ; Simples are commemorated only. Within the Octave of Corpus Christi, 
Semi-doubles are reduced to the rank of Simples and commemorated, neither can 
Doubles be transferred thither unless they be of the First or Second Class, and a 
Commemoration is always made of the Octave. Within those Octaves, in which 
the observance of Feasts is allowed, a Semi-double, if it fall on a Sunday, is 
commemorated as prescribed by the Pie. 

The Octaves of Christmas, Twelfth -Day, and Corpus Christi, are com 
memorated at every Vespers and Lauds, whatever be the Office. 

Other Octaves, which are not in the Kalendar, 1 are not observed from Ash 
Wednesday to Low Sunday, or Whitsun Eve to Trinity Sunday, both inclusive, 
or from Dec. 17 to Jan. 6. 

An Octave-day can never be transferred. Therefore, if Corpus Christi fall 
on Midsummer Day, and the Feast of St John were consequently kept on June 
25, July i would be kept as the Octave of Corpus Christi, with a Commemoration 
of the Octave of St John at both Vespers and at Lauds. 

If some other Saints be mentioned in the Kalendar on the same day with the 
Patron or Titular, the Feast of the Patron or Titular alone is observed. If the 
other Feast be a Double or Semi-double, it is permanently fixed on the first free 
day and kept as a Semi-double. If it is a Double of the First or Second Class, 
it is similarly transferred and kept as on its own day. 2 

The Week-days of Advent and Lent, if not kept as such, are always com 
memorated at both Vespers and Lauds, whatever be the Office ; Ember Days, 
Eves, and Rogation Monday, at Lauds only. But if an Eve fall in Advent or 
Lent, on an Ember Day, a Double of the First Class, or the Patronal, Titular, 
or Dedication Feast of the particular Church, no notice is taken of it, even in 
Lauds. 

1 But in the diocese of Hexham there is a special privilege permitting the observance of an 
Octave in honour of St Cuthbert. 

2 I.e., in that particular Church, it has a day fixed other than elsewhere. 



KALENDAR. x ix 



KALENDAR. 



JANUARY. 

1. Circumcision of our Lord. Double of the Second Class. 

2. Octave of St Stephen. Double. Commemoration of the Octaves of St 

Thomas of Canterbury, of St John, and of the Holy Innocents. 

3. Octave of St John, Apostle and Evangelist. Double. Commemoration of 

St Thomas of Canterbury, and of the Octave of the Holy Innocents. 

4. Octave of the Holy Innocents, Martyrs. Double. Commemoration of St 

Thomas of Canterbury. 

5. Octave of St Thomas of Canterbury, Martyr. Double. Commemoration of 

the Eve of the Epiphany and of St Telesphorus, Pope of Rome, Martyr. 

6. EPIPHANY OF OUR LORD. Double of the First Class. 

7. Within the Octave of the Epiphany. 

8. Within the Octave. 

9. Within the Octave. 

10. Within the Octave. 

1 1 . Within the Octave. Commemoration of St Hyginus, Pope of Rome, and 

Martyr. 

12. Within the Octave. 

* Lord s Day within the Octave of the Epiphany. [_The Finding of the Child 

JESUS in the Temple. Greater Double. General Appendix.] 

13. Octave of the Epiphany. Double. 

* Second Lord s Day after the Epiphany. Feast of the Most Holy Name of 

JESUS. Double of the Second Class. Commemoration of the Sunday. 

14. Hilary, Bishop [of Poitiers,] Confessor, and Doctor of the Church. Double. 

Commemoration of St Felix, Priest and Martyr, 
i 5. Paul, the First Hermit. Double. Commemoration of St Maurus, Abbat. 

1 6. Marcellus, Pope and Martyr. Semi-double. 

17. Antony, Abbat. Double. 

1 8. The Chair of St Peter at Rome. Greater Double. Commemoration of St 

Paul and of St Prisca, Virgin and Martyr. 

19. Wolstan, Bishop [of Worcester,] Confessor. Double. Commemoration of 

SS. Maris, Audifax, Abachum, and Martha, Martyrs. 

* Third Lord s Day after the Epiphany. [The Feast of the Holy Home, 

JESUS, Mary, and Joseph. Greater Double. Gen. App.] 

20. Fabian and Sebastian, Martyrs. Double. 

2 1 . Agnes, Virgin and Martyr. Double. 

22. Vincent and Anastasius. Semi-double. 

23. Espousal of the Blessed Virgin Mary to St Joseph. Greater Double. Com 

memoration of St Joseph and of Emerentiana, Virgin and Martyr. 

24. Timothy, Bishop [of Ephesus,] Martyr. Double. 



XX KALENDAR. 

25. Conversion of St Paul. Greater Double. Commemoration of St Peter. 

26. Polycarp, Bishop [of Smyrna,] Martyr. Double. 

27. John Chrysostom, Patriarch [of Constantinople,] Confessor and Doctor of 

the Church. Double. 

28. Raymond of Penafuerte, Confessor. Semi- Doubled Commemoration of St 

Agnes for the second time. 

29. Francis de Sales, Bishop [of Geneva,] Confessor, and Doctor of the 

Church. Double. 

30. Martina, Virgin and Martyr. Semi-Double. 

\_Double in the Province of Westminster.] 

3 1 . Peter Nolasco, Confessor. Double. 

* Friday after Septuagesima Sunday, Prayer of our Lord in the Garden of 

Gethsemane. Greater Double. 

* Friday after Sexagesima Sunday, Sufferings of our Lord. Greater Double. 



FEBRUARY. 

1. Ignatius, Bishop [of Antioch,] Martyr. Double. 

2. Purification of the Blessed Virgin Mary. Double of the Second Class. 

3. Laurence, Archbishop of Canterbury, Confessor. Double. Commemoration 

of Blase, Bishop of Sebaste in Armenia, Martyr. 

4. Andrew Corsini, Bishop [of Fiesole,] Confessor. Double. 

5. Agatha, Virgin and Martyr. Double. 

6. Titus, Archbishop [of Gortyna in Crete,] Confessor. Double. Commem 

oration of St Dorothy, Virgin and Martyr. 

7. Romuald, Abbat. Double. 

8. John de la Mata, Confessor. Double. 

9. Cyril, Pope of Alexandria, Confessor, and Doctor of the Church. Double. 

Commemoration of St Apollonia, Virgin and Martyr. 

[The Twenty-six Holy Martyrs who suffered in Japan. Double. Gen. 
App.] 

10. Scholastica, Virgin. Double. 

11. Gilbert [of Sempringham,] Confessor. Semi-double. 

12. Benedict Biscop, Abbat, Confessor. Double. 

13. The Seven Founders of the Servite Order, Confessors. Double. 
[Kentigern, Bishop [of Glasgow,] Confessor. Double. Gen. App.] 

1 4. Valentine, Priest and Martyr. 

[Thomas Plumtree and his Companions, Martyrs. Greater Double. Gen. 

App.] 
i 5. Faustinus and Jovita, Martyrs. 

1 6. 

17. [The Flight of our Lord JESUS Christ into Egypt. Greater Double. Gen. 

App.] 

1 8. Simeon, Bishop [of Jerusalem,] Martyr. 
19. 

1 See vol. i. p. 723. 



KALENDAR. XXI 

20. 
21. 

22. The Chair of St Peter at Antioch. Greater Double. Commemoration of St 

Paul. 

23. Peter Damian, [Cardinal] Bishop [of Ostia,] Confessor, and Doctor of the 

Church. Double. Commemoration of the Eve. 

24. Matthias, Apostle. Double of the Second Class. 
25. 

26. Ethelbert, King of Kent, Confessor. Double. 

27. [Margaret of Cortona, Penitent. Semi-double. Gen. App.] 
28. 

In Leap- Year February has 29 days, the additional day is inserted after the 

23rd, the 24th is then the Eve of St Matthias, and the following days 

are each counted one later, the Feast of St Matthias being the 25th, &c. 

* First Friday in Lent, Coronation of our Lord with Thorns. Greater 

Double. 

Second Friday in Lent, Piercing of Our Lord with Spear and Nails. 
Greater Double. 

Third Friday in Lent, Enshroudment of our Lord. Greater Double. 

Fourth Friday in Lent, The Five Most Holy Wounds of our Lord. 
Greater Double. 



MARCH. 

1 . David, Archbishop [of Caerleon,] Confessor. Double. 

2. Chad, Bishop [of Lichfield,] Confessor. Double. 

3. Aelred, Abbat, Confessor. Semi-double. 

4. Casimir, Confessor. Semi-double. Commemoration of St Lucius, Pope of 

Rome, and Martyr. 

6! 

7. Thomas of Aquino, Confessor, and Doctor of -the Church. Double. Com 

memoration of SS. Perpetua and Felicitas, Martyrs. 

8. Felix, Bishop [of Dunwich,] Confessor. Double. 

9. Frances of Rome, Widow. Double. 

10. The Forty Martyrs. Semi-double. 

11. John of God, Confessor. Double. 

12. Gregory [_the Great,~\ Pope of Rome, Doctor of the Church, and Apostle of 

England. Double of the Second Class. 
J 3- 

14. 

T 5- 
16. 

17. Patrick, Archbishop [of Armagh,] Confessor. Greater Double. 
I 8. The Archangel Gabriel. Greater Double. 

19. JOSEPH, HUSBAND OF THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY. Double of the First 
Class. 



xxii KALENDAR. 

20. Cuthbert, Bishop [of Lindisfarne,] Confessor. Double. 

[In the diocese of Hexham and Newcastle this Feast has an Octave. See 

Gen. App.] 

2 i . Benedict, Abbat and Confessor. Greater Double. 
22. Cyril, Bishop [of Jerusalem,] Confessor, and Doctor of the Church. Double. 

[Edward, King of England, Martyr. Double. Gen. App.] 

2 3- 
24. 

25. ANNUNCIATION OF THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY. Double of the First Class. 

26. [The Penitent Thief. Double. Gen. App.] 

27. John of Damascus, Confessor, and Doctor of the Church. Double. 

28. John of Capistrano, Confessor. Semi-double. 
29. 

30. 
31. 

* Friday in Passion Week, Sorrows of the Blessed Virgin Mary. Greater 
Double. 



APRIL. 

i. 

2. Francis of Paola, Confessor. Double. 

3. Richard, Bishop [of Chichester,] Confessor. Double. 

4. Isidore, Archbishop [of Seville,] Confessor, and Doctor of the Church. 

Double. 

5. Vincent Ferrer, Confessor. Double. 
6. 

7- 

8. 

9- 

10. 

ii. Leo the Great, Pope of Rome, Confessor, and Doctor of the Church. 
Double. 

12. 

13. Hermenegild, Martyr. Semi-double. 

14. Justin, Martyr. Double. Commemoration of SS. Tiburtius, Valerian, and 

Maximus, Martyrs. 

*5- 

16. 

17. Stephen Harding, Abbat, Confessor. Semi-double. Commemoration of St 

Anicete, Pope of Rome, and Martyr. 
18. 
19. jElphege, Archbishop of Canterbury, Martyr. Double. 

20. 

2 1 . Anselm, Archbishop [of Canterbury,] Confessor, and Doctor of the Church. 

Double. 

22. Soter and Caius, Popes of Rome, and Martyrs. Semi-double. 



KALENDAR. xxiii 

23. GEORGE, MARTYR, PATRON OF ENGLAND. Double of the First Class. 

24. Faithful of Sigmaringen, Martyr. Double. Commemoration of the Octave 

of St George and of St Mellitus, Archbishop of Canterbury. 

25. Mark, Evangelist. Double of the Second Class. 

26. Cletus and Marcellinus, Popes of Rome, and Martyrs. Semi-double. Com 

memoration of the Octave of St George. 

[The Blessed Virgin Mary, styled of Good Counsel. Greater Double. 
Gen. App.] 

27. Egbert, Confessor. Semi-double. Commemoration of the Octave of St 

George. 

28. Paul of the Cross, Confessor. Double. Commemoration of the Octave of 

St George and of St Vitalis, Martyr. 

29. Peter, Martyr. Double. Commemoration of the Octave of St George. 

30. Octave of St George, Martyr. Double. 

* Third Lord s Day after Easter, Patronage of St Joseph. Double of the 

Second Class. Commemoration of the Sunday. 
[In some dioceses this Feast has an Octave. See Gen. App.] 



MAY. 

1 . Philip and James, Apostles. Double of the Second Class. Commemoration 

of St Asaph, Bishop of St Asaph. 

[* First Lord s Day in May, The Blessed Virgin Mary, styled the Mother 
of the Lord our Shepherd. Greater Double. Gen. App.] 

2. Athanasius, Pope of Alexandria, Confessor, and Doctor of the Church. 

Double. 

3. Finding of the Holy Cross. Double of the Second Class. Commemoration 

of SS. Alexander, Eventius, and Theodulus, Martyrs, and Juvenal, Bishop 
of Narni, Confessor. 

4. John, Cardinal Bishop of Rochester, Thomas More, and their companions, 

Martyrs. Greater Double. 

5. Katharine of Sienna, Virgin. Double. 

6. John, Apostle and Evangelist, before the Latin Gate. Greater Double. 

7. Stanislaw, Bishop [of Crakow,] Martyr. Double. 

8. Manifestation of the Archangel St Michael. Greater Double. 

9. Gregory of Nazianzus, Patriarch [of Constantinople,] Confessor, and Doctor 

of the Church. Double. 

10. Antonine, Archbishop [of Florence,] Confessor. Double. Commemoration 

of SS. Gordian and Epimachus, Martyrs. 

11. Pius V., Pope of Rome, Confessor. Double. 

[John Rochester and James Walworth and their Companions, Martyrs. 
Double. Gen. App.] 

12. Nereus, Achilles, the Virgin Domitilla, and Pancras, Martyrs. Semi-double. 
[Lowliness of the Blessed Virgin Mary. Greater Double. Gen. App.] 

13. Walburg, Virgin. Double. 

14. Monica, Widow. Double. Commemoration of St Boniface, Martyr. 



xxiv KALENDAR. 

i 5. [Jean-Baptiste de la Salle, Confessor. Double. Gen. App.] 

[The Blessed Virgin Mary, styled Mother of Grace. Greater Double. 
Gen. App.] 

1 6. Simon Stock, Confessor. Double. 

17. Paschal Baylon, Confessor. Double. 

1 8. Venantius, Martyr. Double. 

19. Dunstan, Archbishop [of Canterbury,] Confessor. Double. Commemora 

tion of St Pudentiana, Virgin. 

20. Bernardine of Sienna. Semi-double. t 

2 1 . Peter Celestine, Pope of Rome, Confessor. Double. 

22. Ubald, Bishop [of Gubbio,] Confessor. Semi- double. 

23. John Baptist de Rossi, Confessor. Double. 

2 4 . The Blessed Virgin Mary, styled " Help of Christians." Greater Double. 
[In the dioceses of Shrewsbury and Westminster, Double of the First Class, 

with an Octave. Gen. App.] 

25. Aldhelm, Bishop [of Sherborne,] Confessor. Double. Commemoration of 

St Urban, Pope of Rome, and Martyr. 

26. AUGUSTINE, ARCHBISHOP OF CANTERBURY, CONFESSOR, APOSTLE OF ENGLAND. 

Double of the First Class. 

27. Bede the Venerable, Confessor, and Doctor of the Church. Greater Double. 

Commemoration of the Octave of St Augustine and of St John I., Pope 
of Rome, and Martyr. 

28. Gregory VII., Pope of Rome, Confessor. Double. Commemoration of the 

Octave of St Augustine. 

[The Blessed Margaret Pole, Countess [of Salisbury,] Martyr. Double. 
Gen. App.] 

29. Eleutherius, Pope of Rome, Martyr. Double. Commemoration of the 

Octave of St Augustine. 

30. John of Nepomuc, Martyr. Double. Commemoration of the Octave of St 

Augustine and of St Felix, Pope of Rome, and Martyr. 

31. Angela Merici, Virgin. Double. Commemorations of the Octave of St 

Augustine and of St Petronilla, Virgin. 

* Third Lord s Day after Pentecost, the Most Sacred Heart of JESUS. 
Double of the First Class. Commemoration of the Sunday. 



JUNE. 

1. Within the Octave of St Augustine of Canterbury. 

2. Octave of St Augustine of Canterbury. Double. Commemoration of SS. 

Marcellinus, Peter, and Elmo, Martyrs. 

3. Mary Magdalen de Pazzi, Virgin. Double. 

4. Francis Caracciolo, Confessor. Double. 

5. Boniface, Archbishop [of Maintz,] Martyr. Double. 

[In the diocese of Plymouth, a Double of the First Class, with an Octave. 
Gen. App.] 

6. Norbert, Archbishop [of Magdeburg,] Confessor. Double. 

7- 



KALENDAR. XXV 

8. William, Archbishop of York, Confessor. Double. 

9. Primus and Felician, Martyrs. 

\_In the diocese of Portsmouth, Translation of St Edmund, Archbishop of 

Canterbury, Confessor. Greater Double. Gen. App.J 
10. Margaret, Queen of Scots, Widow. Double. 
i I . Barnabas, Apostle. Greater Double. 

12. John of San Fagondez. Double. Commemoration of SS. Basilides, Cyrinus, 

Nabor, and Nazarius, Martyrs. 

13. Anthony of Padua, Confessor. Double. 

14. Basil the Great, Archbishop [of Csesarea-in-Pontus,] Confessor and Doctor 

of the Church. Double. 

15. Philip Neri, Confessor. Double. Commemoration of SS. Vitus, Modestus, 

and Crescentia, Martyrs. 

1 6. 

17. Botolph, Abbat, Confessor. Semi-double. 

[Lord s Day before the birth of St John the Baptist, the Blessed Virgin 
Mary, styled of Perpetual Succour. Greater Double. Gen. App.J 

1 8. Mark and Marcellian, Martyrs. 

19. Juliana de Falconieri, Virgin. Double. Commemoration of SS. Gervase 

and Protase, Martyrs. 

20. Silverius, Pope of Rome, and Martyr. 

21. Aloysius Gonzaga, Confessor. Double. 

22. Alban, Proto-Martyr of Britain. Greater Double. Commemoration of 

Paulinus, Bishop of Nola, Confessor. 

[First Free Day after June 22, the Blessed John Fisher, Cardinal Bishop of 
Rochester, Martyr. Greater Double. Gen. App.] 

23. Etheldreda, Virgin. Double. Commemoration of Midsummer Eve. 

24. BIRTH OF ST JOHN THE BAPTIST. Double of the First Class. 

25. William, Abbat, Confessor. Double. Commemoration of the Octave of St 

John. 

26. John and Paul, Martyrs. Double. Commemoration of the Octave of St 

John. 

27. Within the Octave of the Birth of St John. 

28. Leo II., Pope of Rome, and Confessor. Semi-double. Commemoration of 

the Octave of St John, and of the Eve of the Apostles. 

29. PETER AND PAUL, APOSTLES. Double of the First Class. 
[Commemoration of all the Holy Apostles. Gen. App.J 

30. Commemoration of St Paul. Greater Double. Commemoration of St Peter, 

and of the Octave of St John. 



JULY. 

* First Lord s Day in July, the Most Precious Blood of our Lord JESUS 
Christ. Double of the Second Class. Commemoration of the Sunday. 

Octave of the Birth of St John the Baptist. Double. Commemoration of 
the Octave of SS. Peter and Paul. 



xxvi KALENDAR. 

2. Visitation of the Blessed Virgin Mary. Double of the Second Class. Com 

memoration of SS. Processus and Martinian, Martyrs. 

3. Within the Octave of the Apostles. 

4. Within the Octave of the Apostles. 

5. Anthony Mary Zaccaria, Confessor. Double. Commemoration of the 

Octave of the Apostles. 

6. Octave of the Holy Apostles Peter and Paul. Double. 

[First Free Day after July 6, the Blessed Thomas More, Martyr. Greater 
Double. Gen. App.] 

7. Translation of Thomas, Archbishop [of Canterbury], Martyr. Greater Double. 
* Second Lord s Day in July, the Holy Relics. Greater Double. Com 
memoration of the Sunday. 

8. Isabel, Queen of Portugal, Widow. Semi-double. 

9. Willibald, Bishop of Eichstad, Confessor. Double. 

10. The Seven Brethren and the Holy Virgins Rufina and Secunda, all Martyrs. 

Semi- double. 

11. Cyril, Bishop of Moravia, and Methodius, Bishop of KiefF, Confessors. 

Double. Commemoration of St Pius I., Pope and Martyr. 

12. John Gualberto, Abbat [of Passignano,] Double. Commemoration of SS. 

Nabor and Felix, Martyrs. 

13. Anaclete, Pope of Rome, and Martyr. Semi-double. 

14. " Buona- ventura," [Cardinal] Bishop [of Albano,] Confessor, and Doctor 

of the Church. Double. 

15. Swithun, Bishop [of Winchester,] Confessor. Double. 
[The Division of the Apostles. Double. Gen. App.] 

[Third Sunday in July, Commemoration of All the Holy Bishops of Rome. 
Double. Gen. App.] 

1 6. The Blessed Virgin Mary, styled of Mount Carmel. Greater Double. 
[In the diocese of Salford, Double of the First Class. Gen. App.] 

17. Osmund, Bishop [of Salisbury,] Confessor. Double. 

1 8. Camillus de Lelli, Confessor. Double. Commemoration of St Symphorosa 

and her Seven Sons, Martyrs. 

19. Vincent de Paul, Confessor. Double. 

20. Jerome Miani, Confessor. Double. Commemoration of St Margaret, Virgin 

and Martyr. 

21. Henry II., Emperor of the Romans, Confessor. Semi-double. Commem 

oration of St Praxedes, Virgin. 

22. Mary Magdalen. Double. 

23. Apollinaris, Bishop [of Ravenna,] Martyr. Double. Commemoration of St 

Liborius, Bishop of Mans, Confessor. 

24. Alexis, Confessor. Semi-double. Commemoration of the Eve of St James, 

and of St Christina, Virgin and Martyr. 

25. James, Apostle. Double of the Second Class. Commemoration of St Chris 

topher, Martyr. 

26. Anne, Mother of the Blessed Virgin Mary. Double of the Second Class. 
[/ the diocese of Leeds, Double of the First Class. Gen. App.] 

27. Pantaleon, Martyr. 

28. Nazarius, Celsus, and Victor, Martyrs, and Innocent, Pope of Rome, and 

Confessor. Semi-double. 



KALENDAR. xxvii 

29. Martha, Virgin. Semi-double. Commemoration of SS. Felix, Simplicius, 

Faustinus, and Beatrix, Martyrs. 

30. Germanus, Bishop of Auxerre, Confessor. Double. Commemoration of SS. 

Abdon and Sennen, Martyrs. 

31. Ignatius, Confessor. Double. 



AUGUST. 

1. The Chains of St Peter. Greater Double. Commemoration of the Holy 

Machabees, Martyrs. 

2. Alphonsus Maryde Liguori, Bishop [of Santa- Agata-de -Goti,] Confessor, 

and Doctor of the Church. Double. Commemoration of St Stephen, 
Pope of Rome, and Martyr. 

3. Finding of the body of St Stephen, the First Martyr. Semi-double. 

4. Dominick, Confessor. Greater Double. 

5. Dedication of St Mary s of the Snows. Greater Double. 

6. Transfiguration of our Lord. Greater Double. Commemoration of St 

Xystus, Pope of Rome, and SS. Felicissimus and Agapitus, Martyrs. 

7. Gae tan, Confessor. Double. Commemoration of St Donatus, Bishop of 

Arezzo, Martyr. 

8. Cyriacus, Largus, and Smaragdus, Martyrs. Semi-double. 

9. Oswald, King of the Northumbrians, Martyr. Double. Commemoration of 

the Eve of St Lawrence, and of St Romanus, Martyr. 
1 o. Lawrence, Martyr. Double of the Second Class. 

11. Within the Octave of St Lawrence. Commemoration of SS. Tiburtius and 

Susanna. 

12. Clare, Virgin. Double. Commemoration of the Octave of St Lawrence. 

13. Within the Octave of St Lawrence. Commemoration of SS. Hippolytus 

and Cassian, Martyrs. 

14. Within the Octave of St Lawrence. Commemoration of the Eve of the 

Assumption, and of St Eusebius, Confessor. 

1 5. ASSUMPTION OF THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY. Double of the First Class. 

* The Lord s Day within the Octave of the Assumption, St Joachim, Con 
fessor, Father of the Blessed Virgin Mary. Double of the Second Class. 
Commemoration of the Sunday. 

1 6. Hyacinth, Confessor. Double. Commemoration of the two Octaves. 

17. Octave of St Lawrence. Double. Commemoration of the Octave of the 

Assumption. 

1 8. Helen, Empress of the Romans, Widow. Double. Commemoration of the 

Octave of the Assumption, and of St Agapitus, Martyr. 

19. Within the Octave of the Assumption. 

20. Bernard, Abbat [of Clairvaux,] Confessor, and Doctor of the Church. 

Double. Commemoration of the Octave of the Assumption. 

21. Jeanne Frances Fremiot de Chantal, Widow. Double. Commemoration of 

the Octave of the Assumption. 

22. Octave of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary. Double. Com 

memoration of SS. Timothy, Hippolytus, and Symphorian, Martyrs. 



xxviii KALENDAR. 

* The Lord s Day after the Octave of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin 
Mary. [Office of the Most Pure Heart of the Blessed Virgin. Greater 
Double. Vol. in., Gen. App., p. 1028 ; vol. iv., Gen. App., p. 916.] 

23. Philip Benizzi, Confessor. Double. Commemoration of the Eve of St 

Bartholomew. 

24. Bartholomew, Apostle. Double of the Second Class. 

25. Louis IX., King of France, Confessor. Semi-double. 

26. Zephyrinus, Pope of Rome, and Martyr. 

27. Joseph Casalanz, Confessor. Double. 

28. Austin, Bishop [of Hippo,] Confessor, and Doctor of the Church. Double. 

Commemoration of St Hermes, Martyr. 

29. Beheading of St John the Baptist. Greater Double. Commemoration of St 

Sabina, Martyr. 

30. Rose of Lima, Virgin. Double. Commemoration of SS. Felix and him 

that joined him, Martyrs. 

31. Aidan, Bishop [of Lindisfarne,] Confessor. Double. 



SEPTEMBER. 

1. Raymond the Unborn, Confessor. Double. Commemoration of St Giles, 

Abbat, and of the Twelve Holy Brethren, Martyrs. 

2. Stephen, King of Hungary, Confessor. Semi-double. 

4. [Translation of St Cuthbert, Bishop [of Lindisfarne] and Confessor. Greater 

Double in the diocese of Hex ham. Gen. App.] 

5. Lawrence de Giustiniani, Patriarch of Venice, Confessor. Semi-double. 
6. 

8. Birth of the Blessed Virgin Mary. Double of the Second Class. Commem 

oration of St Adrian, Martyr. 

* The Lord s Day within the Octave, The Holy Name of the Blessed Virgin 

Mary. Greater Double. Commemoration of the Sunday. 

9. Within the Octave of the Birth of the Blessed Virgin. Commemoration of 

St Gorgonius, Martyr. 

10. Nicolas of Tolentino. Double. Commemoration of the Octave of the Birth 

of the Blessed Virgin. 

11. Within the Octave of the Birth of the Blessed Virgin. Commemoration of 

SS. Protus and Hyacinth, Martyrs. 

12. Within the Octave of the Birth of the Blessed Virgin. 

13. Within the Octave of the Birth of the Blessed Virgin. 

14. Uplifting of the Holy Cross. Greater Double. Commemoration of the 

Octave of the Birth of the Blessed Virgin. 

i 5. Octave of the Birth of the Blessed Virgin. Double. Commemoration of St 
Nicomede, Martyr. 

* Third Lord s Day in this Month, The Seven Sorrows of the Blessed Virgin 

Mary. Greater Double. Commemoration of the Sunday. 



KALENDAR. xxix 

1 6. Cornelius, Pope of Rome, and Cyprian, Bishop of Carthage, Martyrs. 

Semi-double. Commemoration of SS. Euphemia, Lucy, and Geminian, 
Martyrs. 

17. Marking of the Body of St Francis with the marks of Our Lord. Double. 

1 8. Joseph of Cupertino, Confessor. Double. 

19. Januarius, Bishop [of Benevento,] and his Companions, Martyrs. Double. 

20. Eustace, Agapitus, Theopistus, and Theopista, Martyrs. Double. Com 

memoration of the Eve of St Matthew. 

21. Matthew, Apostle and Evangelist. Double of the Second Class. 

22. Thomas of Villanueva, Archbishop [of Valencia,] Confessor. Double. 

Commemoration of St Maurice and his Companions, Martyrs. 

23. Linus, Pope of Rome, and Martyr. Semi-double. Commemoration of St 

Thecla, Virgin and Martyr. 

24. The Blessed Virgin Mary, styled " of Ransom." Greater Double. 

25. Ninian, Bishop [of Galloway,] Confessor. Double. 

26. Theodore, Archbishop of Canterbury, Confessor. Double. Commemoration 

of SS. Cyprian and Justina, Martyrs. 

27. Cosmas and Damian, Martyrs. Semi-double. 

28. Wenceslaus, Duke [of Bohemia,] Martyr. Semi-double. 

29. Dedication of the Church of St Michael, the Archangel. Double of the Second 

Class. 

[In the dioceses of Menevia and Newport, ST MICHAEL AND ALL ANGELS. 
Double of the First Class. Gen. App.] 

30. Jerome, Priest, Confessor, and Doctor of the Church. Double. Com 

memoration of St Honorius, Archbishop of Canterbury. 



OCTOBER. 

* First Lord s Day in the Month, The Holy Rosary of the Blessed J 7 irgin 
Mary. Double of the Second Class. Commemoration of the Sunday. 

1 . Remy, Bishop of Rheims, Confessor. Simple or Semi-double at will. 

2. The Guardian Angels. Greater Double. 

3. Thomas, Bishop of Hereford, Confessor. Double. 

4. Francis, Confessor. Greater Double. 

5. Placidus and his Companions, Martyrs. 

6. Bruno, Confessor. Double. 

7. Mark, Pope of Rome, Confessor. Commemoration of SS. Sergius and his 

Companions, Martyrs. 

*. Second Lord s Day in the Month. Motherhood of the Blessed Virgin Mary. 
Greater Double. Commemoration of the Sunday. 

8. Bridget, Princess of Nericia, Widow. Double. 

9. Denys, Bishop of Paris, Rusticus, and Eleutherius, Martyrs. Semi-double. 

10. Paulinus, Archbishop of York, Confessor. Double. 

11. Francis Borgia, Confessor. Semi-double. 

12. Wilfred, Archbishop [of York,] Confessor. Double. 

13. Ednvard, King of England, Confessor. Double of the Second Class. 



XXX KALENDAR. 

14. Kallistus, Pope of Rome, Martyr. Double. Commemoration of the Octave 

of St Edward. 

* Third Lord s Day in the Month, Purity of the Blessed Virgin Mary. 

Greater Double. Commemoration of the Sunday. 

1 5. Theresa, Virgin. Double. Commemoration of the Octave of St Edward. 

16. Within the Octave of St Edward. 

17. ladwiga, Widow. Semi-double. Commemoration of the Octave of St 

Edward. 

1 8. Luke, Evangelist. Double of the Second Class. 

19. Peter of Alcantara, Confessor. Double. Commemoration of the Octave 

of St Edward. 
[In the diocese of Shrewsbury, Double of the First Class. Gen. App.] 

20. Octave of St Edward. Double. 

21. Ursula and her Companions, Virgins and Martyrs. Greater Double. Com 

memoration of St Hilarion, Abbat. 

* Fourth Lord s Day in the Month, Patronage of the Blessed Virgin Mary. 

Greater Double. Commemoration of the Sunday. 

22. John of Kenty, Confessor. Double. 

23. Feast of the Most Holy Redeemer. Greater Double. 

24. The Archangel Raphael. Greater Double. 

25. John of Beverley, Archbishop [of York,] Confessor. Double. Commem 

oration of SS. Chrysanthus and Daria, Martyrs. 

26. Evaristus, Pope of Rome, Martyr. 

27. Eve of SS. Simon and Jude. 

28. Simon and Jude, Apostles. Double of the Second Class. 
29. 

3- 

1. Eve of All Saints. 



NOVEMBER. 

1. FEAST OF ALL THE SAINTS. Double of the First Class. 

2. Within the Octave of All Saints. Commemoration of all the Faithful 

Departed. 

3. Winefrid, Virgin and Martyr. Double. Commemoration of the Octave of 

All Saints. 

4. Charles, [Cardinal] Archbishop [of Milan,] Confessor. Double. Com 

memoration of the Octave of All Saints, and of Saints Vitalis and 
Agricola, Martyrs. 

5. Within the Octave of All Saints. 

6. Within the Octave of All Saints. 

7. Within the Octave of All Saints. 

8. Octave of All Saints. Double. Commemoration of the Four Crowned 

Martyrs. 

9. Dedication of the Cathedral Church of Our Most Holy Saviour. Greater 

Double. Commemoration of St Theodore, Martyr. 



KALENDAR. xxxi 

10. Andrew Avellino, Confessor. Double. Commemoration of SS. Tryphon, 

Respicius, and the Virgin Nympha, Martyrs, and of St Justus, Bishop of 
Rochester, Confessor. 

11. Martin, Bishop [of Tours,] Confessor. Double. Commemoration of St 

Mennas, Martyr. 

12. Martin, Pope of Rome, Martyr. Semi-double. 

13. Diego, Confessor. Semi-double. 

14. Erconwald, Bishop of London, Confessor. Double. 

[Thomas Percy, Earl of Northumberland, Martyr. Greater Double. Gen. 
^ App.] 

15. Gertrude, Virgin. Double. 

1 6. Edmund Rich, Archbishop of Canterbury, Confessor. Double. 

[In the diocese of Portsmouth, EDMUND OF CANTERBURY. Double of the 
First Class. Gen. App.] 

17. Hew, Bishop of Lincoln, Confessor. Double. 

I 8. Dedication of the Churches of SS. Peter and Paul. Greater Double. 

19. Elizabeth, Widow. Double. Commemoration of St Pontian, Pope of 

Rome, and Martyr. 

20. Edmund, King of the East Angles, Martyr. Greater Double. 

21. Presentation of the Blessed Virgin Mary. Greater Double. 

22. Cecily, Virgin and Martyr. Double. 

23. Clement, Pope of Rome, Martyr. Double. Commemoration of St Felicity, 

Martyr. 

24. John of the Cross, Confessor. Double. Commemoration of St Chrysogonus, 

Martyr. 

25. Katharine, Virgin and Martyr. Double. 

26. Sylvester, Abbat, Confessor. Double. Commemoration of St Peter, Pope 

of Alexandria, Martyr. 

27. Gregory, the Wonder-worker, Bishop [of Neo-Caesarea in Pontus,] Con 

fessor. Double. 

28. Jehoshaphat, Archbishop of Polotsk, Martyr. Double. 

29. Willibrord, Archbishop of Utrecht, Confessor. Double. Commemoration of 

the Eve of St Andrew, if out of Advent, and of St Saturninus, Martyr. 
[Cuthbert Maine, Martyr. Double. Gen. App.] 

30. Andrew, Apostle. Double of the Second Class. 



DECEMBER. 

1. Felix de Valois, Confessor. Double. 

[Edmund Campion and his Companions, Martyrs. Double. Gen. App.] 

2. Bibiana, Virgin and Martyr. Semi-double. 

3. Francis Xavier, Confessor. Double. 1 

4. Peter Chrysologus, Archbishop [of Ravenna,] Confessor, and Doctor of the 

Church. Double. Commemoration of St Barbara, Virgin and Martyr. 

1 Since raised to the rank of a Greater Double. 



xxxii KALENDAR. 

5. Brian, Bishop [of Dorchester,] Confessor. Double. Commemoration of St 

Saba, Abbat. 

6. Nicolas, Archbishop [of Myra,] Confessor. Double. 

[In diocese of Liverpool, Double of the First Class. Gen. App.] 

7. Ambrose, Bishop [of Milan,] Confessor, and Doctor of the Church. 

Double. 

8. IMMACULATE CONCEPTION OF THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY. Double of the 

First Class. 

9. Within the Octave of the Conception. 

10. Within the Octave of the Conception. Commemoration of St Melchiades, 

Pope of Rome, Martyr. 
[Translation of the Holy House of Loreto. Greater Double. Gen. App.] 

1 1 . Damasus, Pope of Rome, Confessor. Semi-double. Commemoration of the 

Octave of the Conception. 

12. Within the Octave of the Conception. 

13. Lucy, Virgin and Martyr. Double. Commemoration of the Octave of the 

Conception. 

14. Within the Octave of the Conception. 

15. Octave of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin. Double. 

1 6. Eusebius, Bishop [of Vercelli,] Martyr. Semi-double. 
17. 

[8. The Blessed Virgin Mary looking shortly to be delivered. Greater Double. 
19. 

20. Eve of St Thomas. 

2 1 . Thomas, Apostle. Double of the Second Class. 

22. 

2 3- 

24. Christmas Eve. 

25. BIRTHDAY OF OUR LORD JESUS CHRIST. Double of the First Class. 

26. Stephen, the First Martyr. Double of the Second Class. Commemoration 

of the Octave of Christmas. 

27. John, Apostle and Evangelist. Double of the Second Class. Commemora 

tion of the Octaves of Christmas and of St Stephen. 

28. The Holy Innocents. Double of the Second Class. Commemoration of the 

Octaves of Christmas, of St Stephen, and of St John. 

29. THOMAS, ARCHBISHOP OF CANTERBURY, MARTYR. Double of the First 

Class. 1 Commemoration of the Octaves of Christmas, [of St Stephen, 
of St John, and of the Innocents.] 

30. Office of the Sunday within the Octave of Christmas, or of the Octave. 

Commemorations of the Octaves of [Christmas,] of St Thomas of 
Canterbury, of St Stephen, of St John, and of the Innocents. 

31. Silvester, Pope of Rome, Confessor. Double. Commemoration of the 

Octaves of Christmas, of St Thomas of Canterbury, of St Stephen, 
of St John, and of the Innocents. 

1 See the note to the Office in the Breviary. 



PRAYERS. ABSOLUTIONS AND BLESSINGS. XXxiii 

PRAYERS. ABSOLUTIONS AND BLESSINGS. 

A PRAYER BEFORE A SERVICE. 

O Lord, open Thou my mouth that I may bless Thy Holy Name. Cleanse 
my heart from all vain, evil, and wandering thoughts ; enlighten my under 
standing ; kindle my affections, that I may pray to, and praise Thee with 
attention and devotion ; and may worthily be heard before the presence of 
Thy Divine Majesty. Through Christ our Lord. Amen. 

Lord, in union with that Divine Intention wherewith Thou didst Thyself 
praise God, while as Thou wast on earth, I offer these Hours unto Thee. 

A PRAYER AFTER A SERVICE. 

In respect of which Pope Leo X. has granted to all persons e who after saying 
the Divine Office shall devoutly recite it on their knees ^ condonation of the shortcomings 
and faults committed by them from human frailty in saying the Office. 

To the Most Holy and undivided Trinity, to the Manhood of our Lord 
JESUS Christ Crucified, to the fruitful Virginity of the most blessed and most 
glorious Mary, always a Virgin, and to the holiness of all the Saints be ascribed 
everlasting praise, honour, and glory, by all creatures, and to us be granted the 
forgiveness of all our sins, world without end. Amen. 

Verse. Blessed be the womb of the Virgin Mary which bore the Son of 
the Eternal Father. 

Answer. And blessed be the paps which gave suck to Christ our Lord. 

Then are said the Lord s Prayer and the Angelic Salutation. 



SUMMARY OF THE ABSOLUTIONS AND BLESSINGS PRONOUNCED AT MATTINS. 

In the First Nocturn, and on Monday and Thursday. 

Absolution. 

Graciously hear, O Lord JESUS Christ, the prayers of Thy servants, and 
have mercy upon us: Who livest and reignest with the Father, and the Holy 
Ghost, world without end. Amen. 

First Blessing. 

May the Eternal Father bless us 
With an eternal blessing. Amen. 

Second Blessing. 

May the Son, the Sole-begotten, 
Mercifully bless and keep us. Amen. 



xxxiv PRAYERS. ABSOLUTIONS AND BLESSINGS. 



Third Blessing. 

May the grace of God the Spirit 

All our heart and mind enlighten. Amen. 

In the Second Nocturn, and on Tuesday and Friday. 
Absolution. 

May His loving-kindness and mercy help us, Who liveth and reigneth with 
the Father, and the Holy Ghost, world without end. Amen. 

Fourth Blessing. 

God the Father Omnipotent, 

Be to us merciful and clement. Amen. 

Fifth Blessing. 

May Christ to all His people give, 
For ever in His sight to live. Amen. 

Sixth Blessing. 

May the Spirit s fire Divine 

In our hearts enkindled shine. Amen. 

In the Third Nocturn, and on Wednesday and Saturday. 
Absolution. 

May the Almighty and merciful Lord loose us from the bonds of our 
sins. Amen. 

Seventh Blessing. 

May the Gospel s holy lection 

Be our safety and protection. Amen. 

Eighth Blessing. 

God s most mighty strength alway 
Be His people s staff and stay. Amen. 

For Feasts of Saints. 

He (or she or they) whose feast-day we are keeping, 
Be our Advocate (or Advocates) with God. 

For Feasts of the Blessed Virgin. 

She whose feast-day we are keeping 
Mary, blessed Maid of Maidens, 
Be our Advocate with God. 



PRAYERS. ABSOLUTIONS AND BLESSINGS. XXXV 

Ninth Blessing. 

May He that is the Angels King 

To that high realm His people bring. Amen. 

Or, if another Gospel and Homily are to be begun, 

May the Gospel s glorious word 
Cleansing to our souls afford. 

On days of Three Lessons the Absolution and Blessings are as above, according 
to the Week-day, with the following exceptions : First Blessing on Wednesday or 
Saturday, (not the Simple Office of the Blessed Virgin,) if the First Lesson be 
not Gospel with Homily, 

May His blessing be upon us 
Who doth live and reign for ever. 

Whenever the First Lesson is Gospel with Homily, the Blessings are from the 
Third Nocturn. 

If the Office be of a Saint or Saints, the Blessings are : 

First Blessing. 

May His blessing be upon us 
Who doth live and reign for ever. 

Second Blessing. 

He (or she or they) whose feast-day we are keeping, 
Be our Advocate (or Advocates) with God. 

Third Blessing. 

May He that is the Angels King 

To that high realm His people bring. Amen. 

The Absolution and Blessings in the Simple Office of the Blessed Virgin for 
Saturdays are peculiar to that Office, and are given in their own place. 



OR, 



BOOK OF PSALMS, 

DIVIDED ACCORDING TO THE DAYS OF THE WEEK, TOGETHER WITH 
THE ORDINARY OFFICE FOR THE DIFFERENT SEASONS. 



MATTINS, 1 OR MORNING PRAYER. 

FOR THE LORD S DAY, SUNDAY. 



Before Mattins, and every other 
Hour, except Lauds and Compline, 
there is said inaudibly* 



Father, Who art in heaven, 
Hallowed be Thy Name. 
Thy kingdom come. Thy will be 
done on earth, as it is in heaven. 
Give us this day our daily bread. 
And forgive us our trespasses, as we 
forgive them that trespass against us 

And lead us not into temptation 
, ,. l > 

but deliver us from evil. Amen. 



TTAIL, Mary, full of grace; 

II The Lord is with th 

, , , 

blessed art thou among women, 

and blessed is the fruit of thy 
womb, JESUS. 

Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray 
for us sinners, now and at the hour 
of our death. Amen. 

At the beginning of Mattins and 

Pri " 1 ^ and .. at . thc d / 7 CQ t l e \ 
is then said inaudibly the Apostles 

Creed. 



1 The proper hour for Mattins is midnight, at which time it is said in many Convents. 
In others it is said at 2 or 5 A.M. In the Cathedral of Rome (St. John Lateran s) and 
other Churches of the same country, the hour is about 7 A.M. It is allowable to say it at 
any hour after the sun has begun to decline, and an ordinary practice is to do so late in the 
afternoon. 

- The reason why the Lord s Prayer and the Apostles Creed are recited inaudibly during 
the Office seems to be, that in the early Church these formula were concealed from the 
unbaptized until very shortly before their baptism. Now, all were allowed to be present; 
at the Office, of which these formulas are a part, and therefore they were then so said that 
the unbaptized could not hear them. The " Hail, Mary," having been added as a sort of 
appendix to the Lord s Prayer, follows the same rule with it. The Lord s Prayer is said 
aloud during the Canon of the Mass, because only the faithful were then present. 

VOL. III. A 



THE PSALTER. 



I BELIEVE in God the Father 
Almighty, Maker of heaven 
and earth. And in JESUS Christ, 
His only Son, our Lord : Who 
was conceived by the Holy Ghost, 
born of the Virgin Mary, suffered 
under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, 
dead, and buried : He descended 
into hell : the third day He rose 
again from the dead : He ascended 
into heaven, and sitteth on the right 
hand of God the Father Almighty : 
from thence He shall come to judge 
the quick and the dead. I be 
lieve in the Holy Ghost, the Holy 
Catholic Church, the Communion 
of Saints, the Forgiveness of sins, 
the Resurrection of the body, and 
the Life everlasting. Amen. 

Then is said aloud : 

Versed ^ O LORD, open Thou 
my lips. 

Answer. And my mouth shall 
show forth Thy praise. 

Verse? ^ Make haste, O God, 
to deliver me. 

Answer. Make haste to help me, 
O LORD. 

Glory be to the Father, and to the 
Son, and to the Holy Ghost. 

3 As it was in the beginning, is 
now, and ever shall be, world with 
out end. Amen, Alleluia. 4 

From Sepluagesima Sunday to 
Maundy Thursday instead of Alleluia 
is said: 



Ceaseless praise to Thee be given, 
O Eternal King of heaven. 

Then is said Psalm xciv. with the 
Invitatory. The Invitatory here given 
is said from the Octave of the Epiph 
any to Septuagesima Sunday, and 
from the Octave of Pentecost to Ad 
vent Sunday. 

Invitatory. Let us worship the 

Lord, for * He is our Maker. 

Repetition. Let us worship the 

Lord, for * He is our Maker. 



Psalm XCIV. 5 

[Vulgate and LXX., "A song of praise 
by David."] 

OCOME, let us sing unto the 
LORD, let us make a joyful 
noise to the God of our Salva 
tion : let us come before His 
presence with thanksgiving, and 
make a joyful noise unto Him 
with psalms. 

Let us worship the Lord, for He 
is our Maker. 

For the LORD is a great God, and 
a great King above all gods : for the 
Lord will not cast off His people : 
for in His hand are all the ends of 
the earth ; and the heights of the 
hills are His also. 

He is our Maker. 

For the sea is His, and He made 
it : and His hands formed the dry 
land : 6 O come, let us worship 
and fall down ; let us cry unto the 



1 Ps. 1. 17. 2 Ps. Ixix. 2. 

3 The Greek original of this Doxology does not contain the words, " As it was in the 
beginning" (inserted against the Arians), but runs thus : " Glory be to the Father, and to 
the Son, and to the Holy Ghost, both now, and ever, and to the ages of ages. Amen." 

4 Or rather, " Hal lu-YAH," " Praise-ye-the- Eternal," a Hebrew phrase which occurs 
repeatedly in the Bible. The sound of these words causes the Church such joy that she 
denies herself their use during her penitential season. But in order not to remit the praise of 
God, she substitutes for the Hebrew phrase a short rhyming Latin one, of similar meaning. 

5 This Psalm is not given in the original from the Vulgate, but from some other Latin 
translation. 6 Here it is usual to kneel till the *. 



SUNDAY AT MATTINS. 



LORD our Maker. * For He is 
the Lord our God ; and we are 
His people, and the sheep of His 
pasture. 

Let us worship the Lord, for He 
is our Maker. 

To-day if ye will hear His voice, 
harden not your heart; as in "the 
Provocation," and as in the day of 
" Temptation " in the wilderness : 
when your fathers tempted Me, 
proved Me, and saw My works. 1 

He is our Maker. 

Forty years long was I grieved 
with that generation 2 and said, It is 
a people that do alway err in their 
heart, and they have not known My 
ways : unto whom I sware in My 
wrath that they should not enter 
into My rest. 

Let us worship the Lord, for He 
is our Maker. 

Glory be to the Father, and to 
the Son, and to the Holy Ghost. 
As it was in the beginning, is now, 
and ever shall be, world without 
end. Amen. 

He is our Maker. 

Let us worship the Lord, for He 
is our Maker. 

The following Hymn is the?i said, 
from the Octave of the Epiphany to the 
First Sunday in Lent, and from the first 
Sunday of October to Advent. 



HYMN. 3 

the Blessed Three in One 
Began the earth and skies ; 
To-day a Conqueror, God the Son, 

Did from the grave arise ; 
We too will wake, and, in despite 
Of sloth and languor, all unite, 
As Psalmists bid, through the dim night 
Waiting with wistful eyes. 

So may He hear, and heed each vow, 

And prayer to Him addrest ; 
And grant an instant cleansing now, 

A future glorious rest. 
So may He plentifully shower, 
On all who hymn His love and power, 
In this most still and sacred hour, 
His sweetest gifts and best. 

Father of purity and light ! 

Thy presence if we win, 
Twill shield us from the deeds of night, 

The burning darts of sin ; 
Lest aught defiled or dissolute 
Relax our bodies or imbrute, 
And fires eternal be the fruit 

Of fire now lit within. 

Fix in our hearts, Redeemer dear, 

The ever-gushing spring 
Of grace to cleanse, of life to cheer 

Souls sick and sorrowing. 
Thee, bounteous Father, we entreat, 
And only Son, awful and sweet, 
And life-creating Paraclete, 

The Everlasting King. 

Amen. 

Instead of the foregoing the follow 
ing Hymn is said from the Octave of 
Pentecost to the first Sunday of Oc 
tober. 



1 The occasion here referred to is that described in Exodus xvii. 1-7. The children of 
Israel while travelling through the desert became rebellious from want of water. It was 
given them from the smitten rock. Then is added : " And he [Moses] called the name of 
the place Temptation" (Hebrew and LXX. add "and Provocation"), "because of the 
chiding of the children of Israel, and because they tempted the LORD, saying : Is the LORD 
among us, or not ? " 

2 Namely, that particular generation which had come out of Egypt. The next clauses 
relate to that which is written in Numbers xiv. 22 : " Because all these men which have 
seen My glory, and My miracles, which I did in Egypt, and in the wilderness, have tempted 
Me now these ten times, and have not hearkened to My voice, surely they shall not see the 
land which I sware unto their fathers, neither shall any of them that provoked Me see it." 
And this is confirmed with an oath, in verse 28 : " As truly as I live, saith the LORD, as ye 
have spoken in Mine ears, so will I do to you : your carcasses shall fall in this wilderness. " 

3 Ascribed to Pope St. Gregory the Great, but altered, one verse omitted, and the last 
verse added. Translation by the late Card. Newman. 



THE PSALTER. 



HYMN. 1 

T ET us arise and watch by night, 
And meditate always ; 
And chant as in our Maker s sight 
United hymns of praise. 

So singing with the saints in bliss, 
With them we may attain 

Life everlasting after this, 
And heaven for earthly pain. 

Grant this, O Father, Only Son, 
And Spirit, God of grace, 

To whom all worship shall be done 
In every time and place. 

Amen. 

When the Invitatories, Hymns, 6r*c. t 
are different from the above they are 
given in the Office to which they be 
long. 



FIRST NOCTURN, OR WATCH OF 
THE NIGHT. 

Antiphon for Advent. Behold, 
there cometh the King. 

Antiphon for the rest of the year. 
Serve the LORD. 

Antiphon for Paschal time. Al 
leluia. 

Psalm I. 

BLESSED is the man that walk- 
eth not in the counsel of the 
ungodly, nor standeth in the way of 
sinners, * nor sitteth in the seat of 
the scoffers : 

But his delight is in the Law of 
the LORD ; * and in His Law doth 
he meditate day and night. 

And he shall be like a tree 
planted by the rivers of water, * 
that bringeth forth his fruit in his 
season : 

His leaf also shall not wither : 
* and whatsoever he doeth shall 
prosper. 



Not so are the ungodly, not so : 
* but are like the chaff which the 
wind driveth away from the face of 
the earth. 

Therefore the ungodly shall not 
stand in the judgment : * nor sin 
ners in the congregation of the 
righteous. 

For the LORD knoweth the way 
of the righteous : * but the way of 
the ungodly shall perish. 

Glory be to the Father, and to 
the Son, * and to the Holy Ghost. 

As it was in the beginning, is 
now, and ever shall be, * world 
without end. Amen. 

This Doxology is said at the end of 
every Psalm unless special directions 
are given to the contrary. 

Psalm II. 

[In Acts iv. 25, 26, the authorship of this 
Psalm is attributed to David.] 

WHY do the heathen rage, * 
and the peoples devise a 
vain thing? 

The kings of the earth set them 
selves, and the rulers take counsel 
together * against the LORD, and 
against His Anointed. 

Let us break their bands asun 
der : * and cast away their yoke 
from us. 

He That sitteth in the heavens 
shall laugh them to scorn : * and 
the Lord shall have them in de 
rision. 

Then shall He speak unto them 
in His wrath : * and plague them in 
His sore displeasure. 

Yet hath He set me for King 
upon His holy hill of Zion * to de 
clare His decree. 



1 Also ascribed to Pope St. Gregory the Great, although somewhat altered. Translation 
by the late Card. Newman. 



SUNDAY AT MATTINS. 



5 



The LORD hath said unto me : 
* Thou art My Son, this day have 
I begotten thee. 

Ask of Me, and I shall give 
thee the heathen for thine inheri 
tance, * and the uttermost parts 
of the earth for thy possession. 

Thou shalt rule them with a rod 
of iron, * and shalt dash them in 
pieces like a potter s vessel. 

Be wise now, therefore, O ye 
kings ; * be instructed, ye judges 
of the earth. 

Serve the LORD with fear : * and 
rejoice with trembling before Him. 

Lay hold of instruction, lest the 
Lord be angry, * and ye perish from 
the righteous way. 

When His wrath is kindled sud 
denly, * blessed are all they that 
put their trust in Him. 

Psalm III. 

[Intituled "A Psalm of David, when he 
fled from Absalom his son." See the his 
tory in 2 Kings (Sam.) xv., xvi., xviii.] 

ORD, how are they increased 
*-* that trouble me ? * many are 
they that rise up against me. 

Many there be that say of my 
soul : * There is no help for him 
in his God. 1 

But Thou, O LORD, art a shield 
for me, * my glory, and the Lifter 
up of mine head. 

I cried unto the LORD with my 
voice : * and He heard me out of 
His holy hill. 2 

I laid me down and slept ; * I 
awaked, for the LORD sustained me. 

I will not be afraid of thousands 



of people that have set themselves 
against me round about : * arise, O 
LORD, save me, O my God. 

For Thou hast smitten all them 
that fought against me without a 
cause 3 : * Thou hast broken the 
teeth of the ungodly. 

Salvation belongeth unto the 
LORD : * and Thy blessing is upon 
Thy people. 2 

Psalm VI. 

[Intituled "A Psalm of David." The 
title also contains directions, probably musi 
cal, the meaning of which is now uncertain.] 

LORD, rebuke me not in 
Thine anger : * neither 
chasten me in Thine hot dis 
pleasure. 

Have mercy upon me, O LORD, 
for I am weak : * O LORD, heal me, 
for my bones are shaken. 

My soul also is sore vexed : * but 
Thou, O LORD, how long ? 

Return, O LORD, deliver my soul : 
* O save me for Thy mercy s sake. 

For in death there is no one that 
remembereth Thee : * and in the 
grave who shall give Thee thanks ? 

I am weary with my groaning, 
every night I wash my bed : * I 
water my couch with my tears. 

Mine eye is grown dim because 
of grief : * I am waxen old because 
of all mine enemies. 

Depart from me, all ye workers 
of iniquity : * for the LORD hath 
heard the voice of my weeping. 

The LORD hath heard my suppli 
cation : * the LORD hath received 
my prayer. 



1 Here occur in the Hebrew the letters SLH, or "Selah." The meaning of this is un 
certain. Gesenius thinks "it seems to have been used to mark a short pause in singing 
the words of the Psalm, so that the singer would be silent, while the instrumental music 
continued. " 2 SLH, again. 

3 But the Hebrew reads, not, "without a cause," but, "on the jaw-bone." 



THE PSALTER. 



Let all mine enemies be ashamed 
and sore vexed : * let them return 
and be ashamed suddenly. 

Antiphon for Advent. Behold, 
there cometh the King, even the 
Most High, with great power, to 
save the nations. Alleluia. 

Antiphon for the rest of the year. 
1 Serve the LORD with fear, and re 
joice with trembling before Him. 

In Paschal ti7ne there is only one 
Antiphon to the whole Noctnrn. 

Second Antiphon for Advent. 
Strengthen ye. 

Second Antiphon for the rest of the 
year. God is a righteous judge. 

Psalm VII. 

[Intituled "An Hymn of David, which 
he sang unto the LORD concerning the words 
of Gush the Benjamite." This Cush is sup 
posed to be the same as Shimei, whose curs 
ing of David is narrated in 2 Kings (Sam.) 
xvi. 7, 8, or else a nickname for Saul.] 

LORD my God, in Thee do 
I take refuge : * save me 
from all them that persecute me, 
and deliver me. 

Lest he tear my soul like a lion, * 
while there is none to deliver, or to 
save. 

O LORD my God, if I have done 
this, * if there be iniquity in mine 
hands ; 

If I have requited with evil them 
that requited me [with good], * may 
I then flee empty before mine 
enemies. 

Let the enemy persecute my soul, 
and take it, yea, let him tread down 
my life upon the earth, * and lay 
mine honour in the dust. 2 
1 Ps. ii. ii. 



Arise, O LORD, in Thine anger : 
* and lift up Thyself against the 
borders of mine enemies. 

And awake for me, O Lord my 
God, according to the decree that 
Thou hast made : * so shall the 
congregation of the people com 
pass Thee about. 

For their sakes, therefore, return 
Thou on high : * the LORD judgeth 
the peoples. 

Judge me, O LORD, according to 
my righteousness, * and according 
to mine integrity that is in me. 

let the wickedness of the 
wicked come to an end, and es 
tablish the just; * God trieth the 
hearts and reins. 

Mine help is righteous, coming 
from the Lord, * Who saveth the 
upright in heart. 

God is a righteous judge, strong 
and patient : * is He not provoked 
every day ? 

If ye turn not, He will whet His 
sword : * He hath bent His bow and 
made it ready. 

And hath fitted thereon the in 
struments of death, * He hath 
ordained His arrows against the 
persecutors. 

Behold, he travaileth with iniquity : 
* he hath conceived mischief, and 
brought forth falsehood. 

He made a pit and digged it : * 
and is fallen into the ditch which he 
made. 

His mischief shall return upon 
his own head : * and his iniquity 
shall come down upon his own 
pate. 

1 will praise the LORD according 
to His righteousness : * and will 
sing praise to the name of the 
LORD Most High. 

2 SLH. 



SUNDAY AT MATTINS. 



Psalm VIII. 

[Intituled "A Psalm of David." It has 
also a title which seems to show that it was 
a song for the vintage.] 

OLORD, our Lord, * how ex 
cellent is Thy Name in all 
the earth! 

For Thy glory is exalted * above 
the heavens. 

1 Out of the mouth of babes and 
sucklings hast Thou perfected praise 
because of Thine enemies, * that 
Thou mightest destroy the enemy 
and the avenger. 

When I consider Thine heavens, 
the work of Thy fingers : * the moon 
and the stars which Thou hast or 
dained : 

What is man, that Thou art mind 
ful of him ? * or the son of man, 
that Thou visitest him ? 

Thou hast made him a little lower 
than the angels, Thou hast crowned 
him with glory and honour, * and 
madest him to have dominion over 
the works of Thine hands. 

Thou hast put all things under 
his feet, * all sheep and oxen, yea, 
and the beasts of the field. 

The fowl of the air, and the fish 
of the sea, * that pass through the 
paths of the sea. 

LORD, our Lord, * how excel 
lent is Thy Name in all the earth ! 

Psalm IX. 

[Intituled "A Psalm of David." It has 
also a superscription the meaning of which 
is not now certain. The Targum connects 
it with the slaying of Goliath.] 

T WILL praise Thee, O LORD, 
with mine whole heart : * I will 
show forth all Thy marvellous works. 

1 will be glad and rejoice in 



Thee : * I will sing praise to Thy 
Name, O Thou Most High. 

When mine enemies are turned 
back, * they shall fall and perish at 
Thy presence. 

For Thou hast maintained my 
right and my cause : * Thou satest 
in the throne judging right. 

Thou hast rebuked the heathen, 
and the wicked are perished : * 
Thou hast put out their name for 
ever, even for ever and ever. 

The swords of the enemy have 
failed utterly : * and their cities 
Thou hast destroyed. 

Their memorial is perished with 
a crash : * and the LORD endureth 
for ever. 

He hath prepared His throne for 
judgment : * and He shall judge 
the world in righteousness, He shall 
minister judgment to the people in 
uprightness. 

The LORD also is a refuge for the 
poor : * a refuge in times of trouble. 

And let them that know Thy 
name put their trust in Thee : * for 
Thou, LORD, hast not forsaken them 
that seek Thee. 

Sing praises to the LORD, Who 
dwelleth in Zion : * declare among 
the people His doings. 

For when He maketh inquisition 
for blood He remembereth them : * 
He forgetteth not the cry of the 
afflicted. 

Have mercy upon me, O LORD : 
* consider my trouble [which I 
suffer] of them thaj. hate me. 

Thou That liftesOne up from the 
gates of death : * that I may show 
forth all Thy praises in the gates of 
the daughter of Zion ! 

I will rejoice in Thy salvation : * 



1 This verse was quoted by our Lord, concerning those who cried Hosannah on Palm 
Sunday, Matthew xxi. 16. 



THE PSALTER. 



the heathen are sunk down in the 
pit that they made. 



In the net which they hid, 



is 



their own foot taken. 

The LORD is known when He 
executeth judgment : * the wicked 
is snared in the work of his own 
hands. 1 

The wicked shall be turned into 
hell : * all the nations that forget 
God. 

For the needy shall not alway be 
forgotten : * the expectation of the 
poor shall not perish for ever. 

Arise, O LORD, let not man pre 
vail : * let the heathen be judged in 
Thy sight. 

Put Thou a master over them, O 
LORD : * let the nations know them 
selves to be but men. 2 

Why standest Thou afar off, O 
LORD, * why hidest Thou Thyself 
in times of trouble ? 

The wicked in his pride doth per 
secute the poor : * they are taken 
in the devices that they have im 
agined. 

For the wicked is praised accord 
ing to his soul s desire : * and the 
unrighteous is deemed blessed. 

The wicked provoketh the LORD : 
* in the greatness of his scornful 
indignation he doth not care. 

God is not before his eyes : * his 
ways are always grievous. 

Thy judgments are far out of his 
sight : * he hath dominion over his 
enemies. 

He hath said in his heart : * I 
shall not be moved unto generation 
and generation, yea, I shall never 
be in adversity. 

His mouth is full of cursing, and 



bitterness, and fraud : * under his 
tongue is mischief and sorrow. 

He sitteth in the lurking-places 
with the rich : in the secret places 
* doth he murder the innocent. 

His eyes are privily set against 
the poor : * he lieth in wait secretly, 
as a lion in his den. 

He lieth in wait to catch the 
poor : * to catch the poor when 
he draweth him [after him]. 

In his snare doth he bring him 
down : * yet shall he himself totter 
and fall down, when he hath mas 
tered the poor. 

He hath said in his heart : God 
hath forgotten : * He turneth away 
His face so that He shall never see it. 

Arise, O LORD, O God, lift up 
Thine hand : * forget not the 
afflicted. 

Wherefore doth the wicked pro 
voke God? * for he hath said in 
his heart : He will not require it. 

Thou seest it, for Thou beholdest 
labour and sorrow : * to deliver 
them into Thine own hand. 

The poor leaveth himself unto 
Thee : * Thou wilt be the helper 
of the fatherless. 

Break Thou the arm of the 
wicked and the evil man : * his 
wickedness shall be sought after and 
shall not be found. 

The LORD shall be King for ever 
and ever : * the heathen shall perish 
out of His land. 

The LORD hath heard the petition 
of the poor : * Thine ear hath heard 
the desire of his heart. 

To judge the fatherless and the 
oppressed, * that man may magnify 
himself no more upon earth. 



1 Here occurs : " Instrumental music SLH." This is a strong argument in favour of 
Gesenius opinion, see p. 5, note I. 
3 SLH. Here, according to the present Hebrew text, ends Ps. ix. 



SUNDAY AT MATTINS. 



Psalm X. 

[Intituled " Of David." There is also a 
superscription perhaps musical, but now of 
uncertain meaning.] 

TN the LORD put I my trust; 
-* how say ye to my soul, * 
Flee as a bird to the mountain ? 

For lo, the wicked bend their 
bow, they make ready their arrows 
in the quiver, * that they may 
privily shoot at the upright in 
heart. 

For they have destroyed that 
which Thou hast established : * 
and what hath the righteous done ? 

The LORD is in His holy temple : 
* the LORD S throne is in heaven. 

His eyes behold the poor : * His 
eyelids try the children of men. 

The LORD trieth the righteous 
and the wicked : * but he that 
loveth iniquity hateth his own soul. 

Upon the wicked He shall rain 
snares : * fire, and brimstone, and 
an horrible tempest, this shall be 
the portion of their cup. 

For the righteous LORD loveth 
righteousness : * His countenance 
doth behold uprightness. 

Antiphon for Advent. 1 Strengthen 
ye the weak hands : be strong ; say : 
Behold, our God will come, and 
save us, Alleluia. 

Antiphon for the rest of the year. 
2 God is a righteous judge, strong, 
and patient : is He not provoked 
every day? 

Third Antiphon for Advent. Re 
joice, all ye. 

Third Antiphon for the rest of the 
year. Thou shalt keep us. 

Psalm XI. 

[Intituled "A Psalm of David," with some 
other words, of meaning now uncertain, as 
before.] 

1 Isa. xxxv. 3, 4. 
VOL. III. 



TTELP, LORD, for the godly 
-*- J- man ceaseth : * for the truth 
faileth from among the children of 
men. 

They speak vanity every one with 
his neighbour : * with flattering lips, 
with a double heart, do they speak. 

The LORD shall cut off all flat 
tering lips, * and the tongue that 
speaketh proud things. 

Who have said : With our tongue 
will we prevail, our lips are our 
own : * who is lord over us ? 

For the oppression of the poor, 
and the sighing of the needy, * now 
will I arise, saith the LORD. 

I will set him in safety : * I will 
deal faithfully with him. 

The words of the LORD are pure 
words : * silver tried in a furnace, 
purged of dross, purified seven times. 

Thou shalt keep us, O LORD, and 
preserve us * from this generation 
for ever. 

The wicked walk on every side : 
* the increase of men is according 
to Thy secret counsel. 

Psalm XII. 

[This Psalm has the same title as the 
last.] 

TTOW long wilt Thou forget 
** me, O LORD? for ever? * 
How long hidest Thou Thy face 
from me? 

How long shall I take counsel 
in my soul, * having sorrow in mine 
heart daily? 

How long shall mine enemy be 
exalted over me ? * Consider, and 
hear me, O LORD my God. 

Lighten mine eyes, lest I sleep the 
sleep of death : * lest mine enemy 
say : I have prevailed against him. 



2 Ps. vii. 12. 



A 2 



10 



THE PSALTER. 



Those that trouble me will re 
joice if I am moved : * but I have 
trusted in Thy mercy. 

Mine heart shall rejoice in Thy 
salvation ; I will sing unto the LORD 
because He hath dealt bountifully 
with me : * and I will sing praise 
to the name of the Lord Most 
High. 

Psalm XIII. 
[Same title as Psalm x.] 

THE fool hath said in his heart : 
* There is no God. 
They are corrupt, and have be 
come abominable in their works : 

* there is none that doeth good, 
no, not one. 

The LORD looked down from 
heaven upon the children of men : 

* to see if there were any that did 
understand, or seek God. 

They are all gone aside, they are 
altogether become unprofitable : i 
there is none that doeth good, no, 
not one. 

1 Their throat is an open sepul 
chre : with their tongues they have 
used deceit : * the poison of asps is 
under their lips. 

Their mouth is full of cursing and 
bitterness : * their feet are swift to 
shed blood. 

Destruction and misery are in 
their ways, and the way of peace 
they have not known : * there is no 
fear of God before their eyes. 

Have all the workers of iniquity 
no knowledge, * who eat up my 
people as they would eat bread ? 

They call not upon the LORD : * 
there were they in great fear, where 
no fear was ; 



For the Lord is in the generation 
of the righteous : ye have shamed 
the counsel of the poor : * because 
the LORD is his hope. 

O that the salvation of Israel were 
come out of Zion ! * when the 
LORD bringeth back the captivity of 
His people, Jacob shall rejoice and 
Israel shall be glad. 

Psalm XIV. 
[Intituled "A Psalm of David."] 

LORD, who shall abide in Thy 
tabernacle ? * who shall 
dwell in Thine holy hill? 

He that walketh uprightly, * and 
worketh righteousness. 

He that speaketh the truth in his 
heart, * he that deceiveth not with 
his tongue. 

He that hath not done evil to his 
neighbour, * nor taken up a reproach 
against his neighbour. 

In whose eyes a vile person is 
despised : * but he honoureth them 
that fear the LORD. 

He that sweareth to his neighbour, 
and deceiveth him not, * he that 
putteth not out his money to usury, 
nor taketh reward against the in 
nocent. 

He that doeth these things, * 
shall never be moved. 

Antiphon for Advent. 2 Rejoice, 
all ye, and be glad : for, behold, the 
Lord will come with vengeance, He 
will bring a recompense : He will 
come and save us. 

Antiphon for the rest of the year. 
3 Thou shalt keep us, O LORD, and 
preserve us. 



1 The next three verses are not in the Hebrew, although found in the Vulgate and the 
LXX., which are supported by Rom. iii. 13-18. 

2 Isa. xxxv. 4. 3 Ps. xi. 8. 



SUNDAY AT MATTINS. 



II 



Antiphon for Paschal time. Al 
leluia. * The stone was rolled away, 
Alleluia, from the door of the sepul 
chre. Alleluia, alleluia. 

Then is said a Verse and Answer. 
In Advent. 

Verse. 2 Out of Zion, the Per 
fection of beauty. 

Answer. Our God shall come 
manifestly. 

During the rest of the year. 

Verse. 3 I have remembered Thy 
name, O LORD, in the night. 

Answer. And have kept Thy 
law. 

/;/ Lent. 

Verse. 4 He hath delivered me 
from the snare of the fowler. 

Answer. And from the noisome 
pestilence. 

hi Passion time. 

Verse. 5 O God, deliver my soul 
from the sword. 

Answer. And my darling from 
the power of the dog. 

In Paschal time. 

Verse. The Lord is risen from 
the grave, Alleluia. 

Answer. Who hung for us upon 
the tree, Alleluia. 

Then is said the Lords Prayer. 

Father (inaudibly\ Who 
art in heaven, Hallowed be 
Thy Name. Thy kingdom come. 
Thy will be done on earth, as it is 



in heaven. Give us this day our 
daily bread. And forgive us our 
trespasses, as we forgive them that 
trespass against us. (Aloud.) 

Verse. And lead us not into 
temptation. 

Answer. But deliver us from 
evil. 

The?i this Absolution. 

/^RACIOUSLY hear, O Lord 
^^ Jesus Christ, the prayers of 
Thy servants, and have mercy upon 
us : Who livest and reignest with 
the Father and the Holy Ghost, 
world without end. 
Ansiver. Amen. 

Then the reader says : 

6 Sir, be pleased to give the bless 
ing. 

First Blessing. 

May the Eternal Father bless us 
With an everlasting blessing. 
Answer. Amen. 

Then is read the First Lesson, and at 
the end the reader says : 

But Thou, O Lord, have mercy 
upon us. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

Then is said the First Responsory, 
after -ivhich the reader says : 

Sir, be pleased to give the bless 



ing. 



Second Blessing. 

May the Son the Sole-begotten 
In His mercy bless and help us. 
Answer. Amen. 

3 Ps. cxviii. 55. 



1 Mark xvi. 3. 2 Ps. xlix. 2. 

* Ps. xc. 3. 5 Ps. xxi. 20. 

6 Some persons bound to say the Office, when reciting alone, are accustomed to substi 
tute for this the words, " Command Thy blessing, O Lord ! " 



12 



THE PSALTER. 



Then is read the Second Lesson, and 
at the end the reader says : 

But Thou, O Lord, have mercy 
upon us. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

Then is said the Second Responsory, 
after which the reader says : 

Sir, be pleased to give the bless 
ing. 

Third Blessing, 

May the grace of God the Spirit 
All our heart and mind enlighten. 
Answer. Amen. 

Then is read the Third Lesson, and 
at the end the reader says : 

But Thou, O Lord, have mercy 
upon us. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

Then is said the Third Responsory. 

SECOND NOCTURN, OR WATCH OF 
THE NIGHT. 

Antiphon for Advent. Rejoice 
greatly. 

Antiphon for the rest of the year. 
Thou hast no need. 

Antiphon for Paschal time. Al 
leluia. 

Psalm XV. 

[Intituled a work "of David," but the 
specifically descriptive word is not now of 
certain meaning.] 

PRESERVE me, O Lord, for in 
Thee do I put my trust : * 
I have said unto the LORD : Thou 
art my God, for Thou hast no need 
of my goods. 

To the Saints that are in His 
land, * He hath made all my will 
admirable. 

Their sorrows are multiplied, * 
that hasten after [a strange god]. 

1 Zech. ix. 9. 



In their assemblies for blood- 
shedding will I have no part : * nor 
mention their names with my lips. 

The LORD is the portion of mine 
inheritance, and of my cup : 
Thou art He That shalt restore 
mine inheritance unto me. 

The lines are fallen unto me in 
pleasant places : * yea, I have a 
goodly heritage. 

I will bless the LORD, Who hath 
given me counsel : * my reins also 
instruct me in the night seasons. 

I have set the LORD always be 
fore my face : * because He is at 
my right hand, I shall never be 
moved. 

Therefore mine heart is glad, and 
my tongue rejoiceth : * my flesh 
also shall rest in hope, 

For Thou wilt not leave my soul 
in hell : * neither wilt Thou suffer 
Thine Holy One to see corruption. 

Thou hast shown me the path 
of life, Thou shalt fill me with joy 
in Thy presence : * at Thy right 
hand there are pleasures for ever 
more. 

Antiphon for Advent. l Rejoice 
greatly, O daughter of Jerusalem : 
behold, thy King cometh into thee, 
O Zion ; fear not, for thy salvation 
cometh quickly. 

Antiphon for the rest of the year. 
2 Thou hast no need of my goods, 
in Thee do I put my trust, preserve 
me, O Lord. 

In Paschal time there is only one 
Antiphon to the whole Nocturn. 

Second Antiphon for Advent. 
Christ our King. 

Second Antiphon for the rest of 
the year. By the words. 
- Ps. xv. i, 2. 



SUNDAY AT MATTINS. 



Psalm XVI. 

[Intituled "A Prayer of David."] 

HEAR my right, O LORD, * 
attend unto my cry. 

Give ear unto my prayer, * that 
goeth not out of feigned lips. 

Let my sentence come forth from 
Thy presence : * let Thine eyes be 
hold the things that are equal. 

Thou hast proved mine heart, 
and visited it by night : Thou 
hast tried me with fire, and found 
no wickedness in me. 

That my mouth may not speak 
concerning the works of men : * by 
the words of Thy lips I have kept 
me to strait paths. 

Hold up my goings in Thy paths, 
* that my footsteps slip not. 

I have called upon Thee, for 
Thou hast heard me, O God ; * in 
cline Thine ear unto me, and hear 
my speech. 

Show Thy marvellous loving- 
kindness, * O Thou That savest 
them which put their trust in Thee ! 

From those that rise up against 
Thy right hand keep me, * as the 
apple of the eye. 

Hide me under the shadow of 
Thy wings, * from the face of the 
wicked that oppress me. 

Mine enemies compass my soul 
round about, they are inclosed in 
their own fat : * with their mouth 
they speak proudly. 

They that drave me out have 
now compassed me : * they have 
set their eyes bowing down to the 
earth. 

They have lain in wait for me, as 
a lion that is ready for his prey : * 
and as it were a young lion lurking 
in secret places. 

1 John i. 36. 



Arise, O LORD, disappoint him, 
and cast him down : * deliver my 
soul from the wicked, Thy sword 
from them that hate Thine hand. 

O LORD, part them in their life 
from the precious things of the 
earth : * their belly is filled with 
Thine hidden treasure. 

They have children to the full : * 
and leave the rest of their substance 
to their babes. 

As for me, I will behold Thy face 
in righteousness : * I shall be satis 
fied when Thy glory shall appear. 

Antiphon for Advent. Christ 
our King cometh, l Whom John 
preached, saying ; Behold the Lamb 
That should come ! 

Antiphon for the rest of the year. 
2 By the words of Thy lips I have 
kept me to strait paths. 

Third Antiphon for Advent. Be 
hold, I come. 

Third Antiphon for the rest of the 
year. I will love Thee. 

When this Antiphon is tised the 
Psalm begins with the words, "O 
LORD, my strength." 

Psalm XVII. 

[After a superscription, of meaning now 
uncertain, the title of this Psalm proceeds, 
" Of David, the servant of the LORD, who 
spake unto the LORD the words of this song, 
in the day that the LORD delivered him 
from the hand of all his enemies, and from 
the hand of Saul : and he said : " It is 
found also, with a few slight differences, in 
2 Kings (Sam.) xxii.] 

I WILL love Thee, O LORD, 
my strength : * the LORD is 
my rock, and my fortress, and 
my Deliverer. 

My God, mine Helper, * in 
Whom I trust. 

2 Ps. xvi. 4, 



THE PSALTER. 



My buckler, and the horn of my 
salvation, * and my refuge. 

I called upon the LORD with 
praises, * and am saved from mine 
enemies. 

The sorrows of death compassed 
me : * and the floods of wicked 
ness made me afraid. 

The sorrows of hell compassed 
me about : * the snares of death 
came upon me. 

In my distress I called upon the 
LORD, * and cried unto my God. 

And He heard my voice out of 
His holy temple : * and my cry 
came before Him, even into His 
ears. 

The earth shook and trembled : 

* the foundations of the hills moved 
and quaked, because He was wroth. 

There went up a smoke in His 
wrath, and fire burst forth before 
His presence : * coals were kindled 
by it. 

He bowed the heavens also, and 
came down : * and darkness was 
under His feet. 

And He rode upon the Cherubim l 
and did fly : * yea, He did fly upon 
the wings of the wind. 

And He made darkness His secret 
place, His pavilion round about 
Him : * dark waters, thick clouds 
of the skies. 

At the brightness that was be 
fore Him, the thick clouds passed, 

* hailstones and coals of fire. 
The LORD also thundered in the 

heavens, and the Highest uttered 
His voice : * hailstones and coals 
of fire. 

Yea, He sent out His arrows 
and scattered them : * He shot 



out many lightnings and discomfited 
them. 

And the fountains of waters were 
seen, * and the foundations of the 
world were discovered. 

At Thy rebuke, O LORD, * at 
the blast of the breath of Thy 
wrath ! 

He sent from above, and took 
me; * and drew me out of many 
waters. 

He delivered me from the strong 
est of mine enemies, and from them 
which hated me : * for they were too 
strong for me. 

They came upon me in the day 
of my calamity, * but the LORD was 
my stay. 

He brought me forth also into a 
large place : * He delivered me be 
cause He delighted in me. 

And the LORD shall reward me 
according to my righteousness, * 
and according to the cleanness of 
mine hands shall He recompense 
me. 

For I have kept the ways of the 
LORD, * and have not wickedly de 
parted from my GOD. 

For all His judgments were before 
me : * and I did not put away His 
statutes from me. 

I shall also be upright with Him, 

* and keep myself from mine in 
iquity. 

And the LORD shall reward me 
according to my righteousness, * 
and according to the cleanness of 
mine hands in His eye-sight. 

With the holy Thou shalt be holy, 

* and with the innocent Thou shalt 
be innocent. 

And with the pure Thou shalt be 



1 Of these creatures, frequently mentioned in connection with the Divine manifestation, 
an elaborate account will be found in Ezekiel i. (First Sunday of November), and more 
shortly in Apoc. iv. (Tuesday in Third Week after Easter). 



SUNDAY AT MATTINS. 



pure, * and with the contentious 
Thou shalt be contentious. 

For Thou wilt save the afflicted 
people, * and bring down high 
looks. 

For Thou lightest my lamp, O 
LORD : * my God, enlighten my 
darkness ! 

For by Thee shall I be delivered 
from temptation, * and by my God 
shall I leap over a wall. 

As for my God, His way is per 
fect ; the word of the LORD is tried 
in the fire : * He is a buckler to all 
those that trust in Him. 

For who is God save the LORD ? 
* or who is God save our God? 

It is God that girdeth me with 
strength, * and maketh my way 
perfect. 

He maketh my feet like hinds 
feet, * and setteth me upon mine 
high places. 

He teacheth my hands to war, * 
and maketh mine arms like a bow 
of brass. 

Thou hast also given me the 
shield of Thy salvation : * and Thy 
right hand hath holden me up. 

Thy correction also hath made 
me great : * and Thy chastening it 
is that shall teach me. 

Thou hast enlarged my steps 
under me, * and my feet have not 
slipped. 

I will pursue mine enemies and 
overtake them : * neither will I turn 
again till they be consumed. 

I will wound them that they shall 
not be able to rise : * they shall fall 
under my feet. 

Thou hast girded me also with 
strength unto the .battle, * and hast 
subdued under me those that rose 



up against me. 



And hast made mine enemies to 
turn their back toward me, * and 
hast destroyed them that hate me. 

They cried, but there was none 
to save them, even unto the LORD, 

* but He answered them not. 
And I will beat them small, as 

the dust before the wind : * I will 
cast them out as the dirt in the 
streets. 

Thou shalt deliver me from the 
gainsayings of the people : * Thou 
shalt make me the head of the 
heathen. 

A people whom I knew not have 
served me : * as soon as they heard 
of me they obeyed me. 

The strangers feigned obedience 
unto me : * the strangers were 
wearied out, and stumbled in their 
paths. 

The LORD liveth, and blessed be 
my God : * and let the God of my 
salvation be exalted ! 

It is Thou, O God, That avengest 
me, and subduest the people under 
me. * Thou art my deliverer from 
my wrathful adversaries. 

And Thou shalt lift me up above 
those that rise up against me : 
Thou shalt deliver me from the 
wicked man. 

Therefore will I give thanks unto 
Thee, O LORD, among the heathen, 

* and sing praises unto Thy name. 

Great deliverance giveth He to 
His king, and showeth mercy to 
His Anointed, to David, * and to 
his seed for evermore. 

Antiphon for Advent. l Behold, 
I come quickly, saith the Lord, 
and My reward is with Me, to give 
every man according as his work 
shall be. 



Apoc. xxii. 12. 



16 



THE PSALTER. 



Antiphon for the rest of the year. 
1 I will love Thee, O LORD, my 
strength. 

Antiphon for Paschal time. Al 
leluia. 2 Woman, whom seekest 
thou ? Alleluia. The Living among 
the dead ? Alleluia. Alleluia. 

Then is said a Verse and Answer. 
In Advent. 

Verse. 3 Send forth the Lamb, 
O Lord, the ruler of the land. 

Ansiver. From the "Rock" of 
the wilderness unto the mount of 
the daughter of Zion. 

During the rest of the year. 

Verse. 4 For Thou lightest my 
candle, O LORD. 

Ansiver. My God, enlighten my 
darkness. 

In Lent. 

Verse. 5 He shall cover thee with 
His wings. 

Answer. And under His feathers 
shalt thou trust. 

In Passion time. 

Verse. 6 O Lord, save me from 
the lion s mouth. 

Answer. And mine affliction from 
the horns of the unicorns. 

In Paschal time. 

Verse. 7 The Lord is risen indeed, 
Alleluia. 

Answer. And hath appeared unto 
Simon, Alleluia. 



Then is said the Lord s Prayer. 

Father (inaudibly), Who 
art in heaven, Hallowed be 
Thy Name. Thy kingdom come. 



O 



Thy will be done on earth, as it is 
in heaven. Give us this day our 
daily bread. And forgive us our 
trespasses, as we forgive them that 
trespass against us. (Aloud.) 

Verse. And lead us not into 
temptation. 

Answer. But deliver us from 
evil. 

Then this Absolution. 

1X/TAY His loving-kindness and 
^*^ His mercy help us, Who 
liveth and reigneth with the Father, 
and the Holy Ghost, world without 
end. 

Answer. Amen. 

Then the reader says : 

Sir, be pleased to give the bless 
ing. 

Fourth Blessing. 

God the Father the Almighty, 
Show on us His grace and mercy. 
Answer. Amen. 

Then is read the Fourth Lesson, and 
at the end the reader says : 

But Thou, O Lord, have mercy 
upon us. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

Then is said the Fourth Responsory, 
after which the reader says : 



Sir, be pleased to give the bless 



ing. 



Fifth Blessing. 

May Christ to all His people give, 
For ever in His sight to live. 
Answer. Amen. 



1 Ps. xvii. 2. 

3 Isa. xvi. i. 

4 Ps. xvii. 29. 



The 



2 John xx. 15. 

Rock " is the town of Petra in the wilderness. 
5 Ps. xc. 3. 6 Ps. xxi. 22. 



7 Luke xxiv. 34. 



SUNDAY AT MATTINS. 



Then is read the Fifth Lesson, and at 
the end the reader says : 

But Thou, O Lord, have mercy 
upon us. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

Then is said the Fifth Responsory, 
after which the reader says : 

Sir, be pleased to give the bless 
ing. 

Sixth Blessing. 

May the Spirit s fire Divine 
In our inmost being shine. 
Answer. Amen. 

Then is read the Sixth Lesson, and 
at the end the reader says : 

But Thou, O Lord, have mercy 
upon us. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

Then is said the Sixth Responsory. 

THIRD NOCTURN, OR WATCH OF 
THE NIGHT. 

Antiphon for Advent. The Angel 
Gabriel. 

Antiphon for the rest of the year. 
There is no speech. 

Antiphon for Paschal time. Al 
leluia. 

Psalm XVIII. 

[Intituled " A Psalm of David," with the 
same farther obscure superscription, as in 
Pss. xii. and xiii.] 



heavens declare the glory 
of God, * and the firmament 
showeth His handy-work. 

Day unto day uttereth speech, 

* and night unto night showeth 
knowledge. 

There is no speech nor lan 
guage, * where their voice is not 
heard. 

Their sound is gone out through 
all the earth : * and their words to 
the ends of the world. 

He hath set His tabernacle in the 
sun : * * which is as a bridegroom 
coming out of his chamber. 

He rejoiceth as a strong man to 
run a race : * his going forth is from 
the end of the heaven. 

And his circuit unto the ends of 
it : * and there is nothing hid from 
the heat thereof. 

The law of the LORD is perfect, 
converting the soul : * the testimony 
of the LORD is sure, making wise the 
simple. 

The statutes of the LORD are 
right, rejoicing the heart : * the 
commandment of the LORD is clear, 
giving light unto the eyes. 

The fear of the LORD is holy, 
enduring for ever and ever : * the 
judgments of the LORD are true, 
righteous altogether. 

More to be desired are they than 
gold and store of precious stones, 

* sweeter also than honey and the 
honeycomb. 

Verily, Thy servant keepeth them : 



1 So the LXX., as well as the Vulgate. Cf. Ps. cii. 19 ; ciii. 2, 3. The sense seems 
to be that the physical source of the light and life of this system is represented as a kind of 
celestial counterpart of the tabernacle, which was the centre of the Divine authority as re 
vealed upon earth. The Hebrew, however, which is supported by St. Jerome, reads, "In 
them (i.e., the starry heavens) hath He set a tabernacle for the sun," and this reading 
seems to commend itself to Archbishop Kenrick, wfio suggests that the " tabernacle " may 
signify the region below the horizon, into which the sun retires nightly, as into a tent, to 
sleep, and from which he issues in renewed glory every morning. Targum : In them 
hath He set splendour as a tabernacle for the sun." 



18 



THE PSALTER. 



* in keeping of them there is great 
reward. 

Who can understand his errors? 
Cleanse Thou me from secret faults : 

* preserve Thy servant also from 
the sins of others. 

If they get not dominion over me, 
then shall I be undefiled : * and 

1 shall be cleansed from the great 
transgression. 

Let the words of my mouth, 
and the meditation of mine heart, 

* be acceptable in Thy sight for 
ever, 

O LORD mine Helper, * and my 
Redeemer ! 

Antiphon for Advent. 1 The An 
gel Gabriel spake unto Mary, saying : 
Hail, thou that art full of grace, the 
Lord is with thee : blessed art thou 
among women. 

Antiphon for the rest of the year. 

2 There is no speech nor lan 
guage where their voice is not 
heard. 

/;/ Paschal time only one Antiphon is 
said to the whole Nocturn. 

Second Antiphon for Advent. 
Mary said. 

Second Antiphon for the rest of the 
year. The LORD. 

When this Antiphon is used the 
Psalm begins with the words " Hear 
thee." 

Psalm XIX. 

[This Psalm has the same title as the 
last.] 

THE LORD hear thee in the day 
of trouble : * the Name of 
the God of Jacob defend thee. 



Send thee help from the sanc 
tuary, * and strengthen thee out of 
Zion. 

Remember all thine offerings, * 
and accept thy burnt sacrifice. 3 

Grant thee according to thine 
own heart, * and fulfil all thy 
counsel. 

We will rejoice in Thy salvation : 

* and in the name of our God will 
we exult. 

The LORD fulfil all thy petitions : 

* now know I that the LORD saveth 
His Anointed. 

He will hear him from His holy 
heaven, * strong is the salvation of 
His right hand. 

Some trust in chariots and some 
in horses : * but we will call 
upon the name of the LORD our 
God. 

They are brought down and fal 
len : * but we are risen, and stand 
upright. 

O LORD, save the king : * and 
hear us in the day when we call 
upon Thee. 

Antiphon for Advent. 4 Mary 
said : What manner of salutation 
is this? My soul is troubled. 
Shall I bear the King? And will 
He not break the seal of my vir 
ginity ? 

Antiphon for the rest of the year. 
5 The LORD hear thee in the day of 
trouble. 

Third Antiphon for Advent. The 
King. 

Third Antiphon for the rest of the 
year. The king. 

When this Antiphon is used the 
Psalm begins with the words " Shall 
joy." 



1 Luke i. 28. 
4 Luke i. 29. 



2 Ps. xviii. 4. 
5 Ps. xix. 2. 



SLH. 



SUNDAY AT MATTINS. 



Psalm XX. 

[This Psalm also bears the same title as 
the xviiith.] 



king shall joy in Thy 
strength, O LORD : * and in 
Thy salvation how greatly shall he 
rejoice ! 

Thou hast given him his heart s 
desire, * and hast not withholden 
the request of his lips. 1 

For Thou hast met him with the 
blessings of sweetness : * Thou hast 
set a crown of precious stones upon 
his head. 

He asked life of Thee : * and 
Thou gavest him length of days for 
ever and ever. 

His glory is great in Thy salva 
tion : * honour and great majesty 
shalt Thou lay upon him. 

For Thou wilt give him to be a 
blessing for ever : * Thou shalt 
make him exceeding glad with Thy 
countenance. 

For the king trusteth in the 
LORD, * and, through the mercy 
of the Most High, he shall not be 
moved. 

Thine hand shall find out all 
thine enemies : * thy right hand 
shall find out all those that hate 
thee. 

Thou shalt make them as a fiery 
oven in the time of thine anger : * 
the LORD shall cut them off in His 
wrath, and the fire shall devour them. 

Their fruit shalt thou destroy from 
the earth, * and their seed from 
among the children of men. 

For they intended evil against 
thee : * they imagined a device, 
which they were not able to perform. 

Therefore shalt thou cast them 



behind thee : * thou shalt leave 
their faces lying in thy track. 

Be Thou exalted, O LORD, in 
Thine own strength : * we will sing 
and praise Thy power. 

Antiphon for Advent. The King, 
even the Most High, cometh ; there 
fore let the hearts of men be purified 
to go forth to meet Him, for, behold, 

2 He will come and will not tarry. 

Antiphon for the rest of the year. 

3 The king shall joy in Thy strength, 
O LORD. 

Antiphon for Paschal time. Alle 
luia, Weep not, Mary, Alleluia : the 
Lord is risen, Alleluia, Alleluia. 

Then is said a Verse and Answer. 
In Advent. 

Verse. 4 The Lord cometh out of 
His holy place. 

Answer. He will come and save 
His people. 

During the rest of the year. 

Verse. 5 Be Thou exalted, O 
LORD, in Thine own strength. 

Answer. We will sing and praise 
Thy power. 

In Lent. 

Verse. 6 His truth shall be thy 
shield. 

Answer. Thou shalt not be afraid 
for the terror by night. 

In Passion time. 

Verse. 7 Take not away my soul 
with sinners, O God ! 

Answer. Nor my life with bloody 
men. 



1 SLH. 2 Heb. x. 37. 

4 Isa. xxxv. 4 ; Micah i. 3. 5 Ps. xx. 14. 



3 Ps, xx, 2. 
6 Ps. xc. 5. 7 Ps. xxv. 9. 



20 



THE PSALTER. 



In Paschal time. 

Verse. 1 The disciples were glad, 
Alleluia. 

Answer. When they saw the 
Lord, Alleluia. 

Then is said the Lord s Prayer. 

OUR Father (inaudibly\ Who 
art in heaven, Hallowed be 
Thy Name. Thy kingdom come. 
Thy will be done on earth, as it is 
in heaven. Give us this day our 
daily bread. And forgive us our 
trespasses, as we forgive them that 
trespass against us. (Aloud.) 

Verse. And lead us not into 
temptation. 

Answer. But deliver us from evil. 

Then the Absolution. 

MAY the Almighty and merci 
ful Lord loose us from the 
bonds of our sins. 
Answer. Amen. 



Then the reader says : 
Sir, be pleased to give the bless 



ing. 



Seventh Blessing. 



May the Gospel s saving Lord 
Bless the reading of His word. 
Answer. Amen. 

Then is read the Seventh Lesson^ and 
at the end the reader says : 

But Thou, O Lord, have mercy 
upon us. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

Then is said the Seventh Responsory, 
after which the reader says : 

Sir, be pleased to give the bless 



ing. 



Eighth Blessing. 

God s most mighty strength al- 

way 

Be His people s staff and stay. 
Answer. Amen. 

Then is read the Eighth Lesson, and 
at the end the reader says : 

But Thou, O Lord, have mercy 
upon us. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

Then is said the Eighth Responsory , 
after which the reader says : 

Sir, be pleased to give the bless 
ing. 

Ninth Blessing. 

May He That is the Angels 

King 
To that high realm His people 

bring. 
Answer. Amen. 

Or, if another Gospel and Homily are 
to be read: 

May the Gospel s glorious word 
Cleansing to our souls afford. 

Then is read the Ninth Lesson, and 
at the end the reader says : 

But Thou, O Lord, have mercy 
upon us. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

Then is said a Ninth Responsory, 
unless this Hymn, "We praise Thee, 
O God," be substituted for it. The 
Hymn "We praise Thee, O God," is 
said in this place on every Sunday and 
Feast-day in the year (except the Feast 
of the Holy hinocents if it fall on a 
Week - day} from Easter to Advent 
and from Christmas to Septuagesima. 
In Advent and from Septuagesima to 
Easter it is not said on Sunday, but 
only on Feast-days. From Easter to 
Pentecost it is said on every day what 
soever, except only Rogation Monday. 



ijohn 



SUNDAY AT MATTINS. 



21 



praise Thee, O God: we 
acknowledge Thee to be 
the Lord. 

All the earth doth worship Thee, 
the Father everlasting. 

To Thee all Angels cry aloud, 
the heavens, and all the Powers 
therein. 

To Thee Cherubim- and Sera 
phim 3 continually do cry : 

Holy, Holy, Holy LORD God of 
Sabaoth. 4 

Heaven and earth are full of the 
majesty of Thy glory. 

The glorious company of the 
Apostles praise Thee : 

The goodly fellowship of the 
Prophets praise Thee : 

The white-robed army of Mar 
tyrs praise Thee : 

The holy Church throughout all 
the world doth acknowledge Thee : 

The Father of an infinite Ma 
jesty : 

Thine honourable, true and only 
Son: 

Also the Holy Ghost, the Com 
forter. 

Thou art the King of glory, O 
Christ ! 

Thou art the everlasting Son of 
the Father. 

When Thou tookest upon Thee 
to deliver man, Thou didst not 
abhor the Virgin s womb : 

When Thou hadst overcome the 
sharpness of death, Thou didst 
open the kingdom of heaven to 
all believers : 

Thou sittesi at the right hand of 
God, in the glory of the Father : 



We believe that Thou shalt come 
to be our Judge : 

5 We therefore pray Thee, help 
Thy servants, whom Thou hast re 
deemed with Thy precious Blood. 

Make them to be numbered with 
Thy Saints in glory everlasting. 6 

7 O Lord, save Thy people, and 
bless Thine inheritance. 

Govern them, and lift them up 
for ever. 

Day by day we magnify Thee ; 

And we worship Thy name, 
ever world without end. 

Vouchsafe, O Lord, this day, 
to keep us without sin. 

8 Have mercy upon us, O LORD, 
have mercy upon us. 

9 O LORD, let Thy mercy lighten 
upon us, as our trust is in Thee. 

10 O LORD, in Thee have I trust 
ed : let me never be confounded. 

If Lauds be not immediately to follow, 
Mattins end thus : 

Verse. Hear my prayer, O LORD. 
Answer. And let my cry come 
unto Thee. 

Let us pray. 

Then the Prayer for the day ; then 
Verse. Hear my prayer, O LORD. 
Answer. And let my cry come 
unto Thee. 

Verse. Bless we the Lord. 
Answer. Thanks be to God. 
Verse. May the souls of the 
faithful, through the mercy of God, 
rest in peace. 

Answer. Amen. 

Then the Lord s Prayer. 



1 The authorship of this Hymn, which is prescribed in the Rule of St. Benedict (born A.D. 
480, died 543), is uncertain. - See Ezek. i. 3 See Isaiah vi. 2. 

4 Hebrew feminine Plural, meaning "hosts," "armies." 

5 During this verse it is usual to kneel. 6 Here ends the original Hymn. 
7 Ps. xxvii. 9. 8 Ps. cxxii. 3. 9 Ps. xxxii. 22. 10 Ps. xxx. 2. 



22 



LAUDS, OR THE MORNING PRAISES 
OF GOD. 1 



Suntiag. 

THE LORD S DAY. 

Verse. >J Make haste, O God, to 
deliver me. 

Ansiver. Make haste to help me, 
O LORD. 

Glory be to the Father, and to 
the Son, and to the Holy Ghost. 

As it was in the beginning, is 
now, and ever shall be, world with 
out end. Amen, Alleluia. 

From Septuagesima Sunday to 
Maundy Thursday instead of "Alle 
luia," is said: 

Ceaseless praise to Thee be given, 
O Eternal King of Heaven. 

Then follow at once the Psalms and 
Antiphons. From the First Sunday in 
Advent till the Sunday after the Octave 
of the Epiphany and from Septuagesima 
Sunday till the Octave of Pentecost 
(and also on all Feasts}, Five Antiphons 
are given, which are then said in the 
places here marked. During the rest 
of the year only Three A?itiphons are 
said, which are given here. 

Antiphon. Alleluia. 



Psalm XCII. 

[The Hebrew and the Targum give no 
superscription ; but the LXX. and the 
Vulgate have "A Song of Praise by David 
for the eve of the Sabbath when the earth 
was established" i.e., A Song of Praise 
proper for the close of Friday before the 
setting - in of the Sabbath ; the time of 
which it is said (Gen. i. 31, ii. i): "And 
God saw every thing that He had made, 
and, behold, it was very good. And the 
evening and the morning were the sixth 
day. Thus the heavens and the earth 
were finished, and all the host of them."] 

THE LORD reigneth, He is 
clothed with majesty : * the 
LORD is clothed with strength, where 
with He hath girded Himself. 

He hath established the world 
also, * that it cannot be moved. 

Thy throne is established of old : 
* Thou art from everlasting. 

The floods have lifted up, O 
LORD, * the floods have lifted up 
their_ voice 

The floods lift up their waves. * 
But Mightier than the noise of 
many waters 

Than the mighty breakers of the 
sea * is the LORD on high ! 



1 The proper hour for Lauds is the dawn of day. This is reckoned to be about 3 A.M., at 
which time this Office is said in many Convents. For this purpose it is, in choirs, invari 
ably (except where it forms part of the same service with the Midnight Mass at Christmas) 
said immediately after and as one service with Mattins. Hence it follows ist, that it is 
said late in the afternoon, when Mattins are said at that time, and 2ndly, that the Lord s 
Prayer and Angelic Salutation are not said at the beginning. This service is constructed 
on the same general principle as Vespers, and answers to that Office as Prime does to 
Compline. 



SUNDAY AT LAUDS. 



Thy testimonies are very sure : * 
holiness becometh Thine house, O 
LORD, for ever ! 

When there are Five Antiphons the 
First is repeated, and the Second begun 
or said through the first time here. 

Psalm XCIX. 

[Intituled in the Vulgate and the LXX., 
" A Psalm of Thanksgiving. "] 

IV /TAKE a joyful noise unto God, 
-*-*-*- all ye lands : * serve the 
LORD with gladness. 

Come before His presence, * with 
singing. 

Know ye that the LORD, He is 
God : * it is He That hath made 
us, and not l we ourselves : 

We are His people, and the sheep 
of His pasture. * Enter into His gates 
with thanksgiving, and into His courts 
with praise : give thanks unto Him,^ 

Praise His Name. For the LORD 
is good, His mercy is everlasting : 
* and His truth endureth to all 
generations. 

When there are Five Antiphons the 
Second is repeated, and the Third begun 
or said through the first time here. 

Psalm LXII. 

[Intituled "A Psalm of David, when he 
was in the wilderness of Judah." This was 
one of the most perilous periods of David s 
life, when he was flying from the pursuit of 
Saul, and hiding in different forests and 
wildernesses in the south of Palestine. He 
was betrayed again and again, and had the 
most hairbreadth escapes. The history 
will be found in I Kings (Sam.) xxii. and 
xxiii.] 

GOD, Thou art my God, * 
early will I seek Thee : 
My soul thirsteth for Thee, * my 
flesh longeth for Thee, 



In a dry and desert land, with 
out water. * So have I appeared 
before Thee in the Sanctuary, to see 
Thy power and Thy glory. 

Because Thy loving-kindness is 
better than life, * my lips shall praise 
Thee. 

Thus will I bless Thee while I 
live : * and will lift up mine hands 
in Thy name. 

My soul shall be satisfied as 
with marrow and fatness ; * and 
my mouth shall praise Thee with 
joyful lips. 

When I remember Thee upon my 
bed, I meditate upon Thee in the 
night watches : * because Thou 
hast been mine help : 

And in the shadow of Thy wings 
will I rejoice. My soul followeth 
hard after Thee : * Thy right hand 
upholdeth me. 

But those that seek my soul to 
destroy it, shall go into the lower 
parts of the earth : * they shall fall 
by the sword, they shall be a portion 
for foxes. 

But the King shall rejoice in 
God : every one that sweareth by 
him shall glory : * for the mouth 
of them that speak lies shall be 
stopped. 

Here the Doxology, " Glory be to the 
Father, &c.," is not said. 



Psalm LXVI. 

[Besides a musical superscription, the 
Hebrew and the Targum give no title ex 
cept " A Psalm, a Psalm. " But the Vulgate 
and the LXX. ascribe the authorship to 
David.] 



be merciful unto us, and 
bless us : * cause His face 



1 The Hebrew tradition attributes the negative to an eccentric spelling, and translates 
"and His we are. 



THE PSALTER. 



to shine upon us, and be merciful 
unto us. 1 

That Thy way may be known 
upon earth : * Thy saving health 
among all nations. 

Let the people praise Thee, O 
God : * let all the people praise 
Thee. 

O let the nations be glad and 
sing for joy : * for Thou judgest 
the people righteously, and govern- 
est the nations upon earth. 2 

Let the people praise Thee, O 
God, let all the people praise Thee. 
* The earth hath yielded her in 
crease ; 

Let God, even our own God, 
bless us ; let God bless us : * and 
let all the ends of the earth fear 
Him. 

When there are Five Antiphons, the 
Third is repeated, and the Fourth begun 
or said through the first time here. 

Ordinary Antiphon throughout the 
year. Alleluia, Alleluia. 

Second Ordinary Antiphon. The 
king commanded. 

Antiphon for Paschal time. Al 
leluia, Alleluia, Alleluia; Alleluia, 
Alleluia, Alleluia; Alleluia, Alleluia, 
Alleluia. 

Second Antiphon for Paschal time. 
He That delivered. 

THE SONG OF THE THREE HOLY 
CHILDREN. (Daniel iii. 57.) 

[It is well known how the three young 
comrades of Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and 
Azariah, called by the heathen, Shadrach, 
Meshach, and Abednego, were thrown into 
a furnace for refusing to worship an idol, 
and remained unhurt amid the flames. In 
this strange position Azariah offered a long 
prayer. " And the king s servants, that put 



them in, ceased not to make the oven hot 
with I esin, pitch, tow, and small wood, so 
that the flame streamed forth above the 
furnace forty and nine cubits. But the 
Angel of the Lord came down into the 
oven together with Azariah and his fellows, 
and smote the flame of the fire out of the 
oven, and made the midst of the furnace as 
it had been a moist whistling wind, so that 
the fire touched them not at all, neither 
hurt nor troubled them. Then the three, 
as out of one mouth, praised, glorified, and 
blessed God in the furnace, saying " the 
Hymn, of which that in the text is a cento. 
The first five verses are omitted.] 

OALL ye works of the Lord, 
bless ye the Lord : * praise 
Him, and exalt Him above all for 
ever. 

O ye Angels of the Lord, bless ye 
the Lord : * O ye heavens, bless ye 
the Lord. 

O all ye waters that be above the 
heavens, bless ye the Lord : * O all 
ye powers of the Lord, bless ye the 
Lord. 

O ye Sun and Moon, bless ye the 
Lord : * O ye stars of heaven, bless 
ye the Lord. 

O ye showers and dew, bless ye 
the Lord : * O ye winds of God, 
bless ye the Lord. 

O ye fire and heat, bless ye the 
Lord : * O ye winter and summer, 
bless ye the Lord. 

O ye dews and rime, bless ye the 
Lord : * O ye frost and cold, bless 
ye the Lord. 

O ye ice and snow, bless ye the 
Lord : * O ye nights and days, bless 
ye the Lord. 

O ye light and darkness, bless ye 
the Lord : * O ye lightnings and 
clouds, bless ye the Lord. 

O let the earth bless the Lord : 
* let her praise and exalt Him above 
all for ever ! 



1 SLH. The repetition of the words "be merciful unto us" is peculiar to the Latin. 

2 SLH. 



SUNDAY AT LAUDS. 



O ye mountains and hills, bless 
ye the Lord : * O all ye green 
things upon the earth, bless ye the 
Lord. 

O ye wells, bless ye the Lord : 

* O ye seas and floods, bless ye the 
Lord. 

O ye whales, and all that move 
in the waters, bless ye the Lord : 

* O all ye fowls of the air, bless 
ye the Lord. 

O all ye beasts and cattle, bless 
ye the Lord : * O ye children of 
men, bless ye the Lord. 

O let Israel bless the Lord : * let 
him praise and exalt Him above all 
for ever ! 

O ye Priests of the Lord, bless ye 
the Lord : * O ye servants of the 
Lord, bless ye the Lord. 

O ye spirits and souls of the 
righteous, bless ye the Lord : * O 
ye holy and humble men of heart, 
bless ye the Lord. 

Ananias, Azarias, and Misael, 
bless ye the Lord : * praise and 
exalt Him above all for ever. 

1 Bless we the Father, and the 
Son, and the Holy Ghost : * let us 
praise and exalt Him above all for 
ever. 

Blessed art Thou, O Lord, in the 
firmament of heaven : * and to be 
praised, and glorified, and exalted 
above all for ever. 

Here the Doxology, " Glory be to the 
Father, &c.," is not said, nor "Amen" 
answered. But the other Canticles are 
treated like ordinary Psalms. 

When there are Five Antiphons, the 
Fourth is repeated, and the Fifth begun 
or said through the first time here. 

Ordinary Antiphon throughout the 



year. The king commanded, and 
the Three Children were cast into 
the furnace, fearing not the flame 
of the fire, but saying : Blessed be 
God! 

Antiphon for Paschal time. He 
That delivered the Three Children 
from the burning fiery furnace, even 
Christ, is risen from the grave. 
Alleluia. 

Third Antiphon. Alleluia. 

Psalm CXLVIII. 

[To this Psalm is prefixed "Alleluia." 
The LXX. connect it with the Prophets 
Haggai and Zechariah. See Thursday and 
Friday in the fifth week of November.] 

JDRAISE ye the LORD from the 
heavens : * praise Him in the 
heights. 

Praise ye Him, all His Angels : * 
praise ye Him, all His hosts. 

Praise ye Him, sun and moon : 

* praise Him, all ye stars and light. 
Praise Him, ye heavens of heavens: 

* and all the waters that be above 
the heavens. Let them praise the 
Name of the LORD ! 

For He spake, and they were 
made 2 : * He commanded, and they 
were created. 

He hath established them for 
ever and ever : * He hath made a 
decree which shall not pass. 

Praise the LORD from the earth, 

* ye dragons, and all deeps : 
Fire, hail, snow, ice, stormy wind, 

* fulfilling His word : 
Mountains, and all hills, * fruitful 

trees, and all cedars : 

Beasts, and all cattle, * creeping 
things, and flying fowl : 

Kings of the earth, and all people ; 



1 This verse is, of course, a later addition ; more than two verses are omitted, and the last 
given is one of those omitted at the beginning. 

2 Taken from Ps. xxxii. 9. 



26 



THE PSALTER. 



* princes, and all judges of the 
earth : 

Young men, and maidens, old 
men, and children : let them praise 
the Name of the LORD * for His 
Name alone is exalted ! 

His glory is above heaven and 
earth. * He also exalteth the horn 
of His people, 

The praise of all His Saints, * 
even of the children of Israel, a 
people near unto Him. 

[Here "Alleluia."] 

Here the Doxology, " Glory be to the 
Father, &c.," is not said. 

Psalm CXLIX. 
[Here "Alleluia."] 

SING unto the LORD a new 
song : * His praise in the 
congregation of Saints. 

Let Israel rejoice in Him That 
made him : * and let the children 
of Zion be joyful in their King. 

Let them praise His Name in 
the dance : * let them sing praises 
unto Him with the timbrel and 
harp. 

For the LORD taketh pleasure in 
His people : * He also will exalt 
the meek unto salvation. 

Let the Saints be joyful in glory : 

* let them sing aloud upon their 
beds: 

Let the high praises of God be in 
their mouth : * and a two-edged 
sword in their hands ; 

To execute vengeance upon the 
heathen, * and punishments upon 
the people ; 

To bind their kings with chains, 

* and their nobles with fetters of 
iron ; 

To execute upon them the judg 



ment written : * this honour have 
all His Saints. 

[Here "Alleluia."] 

Here the Doxology, " Glory be to the 
Father, &c.," is not said. 

Psalm CL. 
[Here "Alleluia."] 

PRAISE the Lord in His sanc 
tuary ! * praise Him in the 
firmament of His power ! 

Praise Him in His mighty acts ! 
* praise Him according to His ex 
cellent greatness ! 

Praise Him with the sound of 
the trumpet ! * praise Him with the 
psaltery and harp ! 

Praise Him with the timbrel and 
dance ! * praise Him with stringed 
instruments and organs ! 

Praise Him upon the loud cym 
bals, praise Him upon the high- 
sounding cymbals ! * Let every 
thing that hath breath praise the 
LORD ! 

[Here "Alleluia."] 

Antiphon. Alleluia, Alleluia, Alle 
luia. 

(The last of Five Antiphons is, of 
course, repeated here.} 

Then follows the Chapter. From the 
First Sunday in Advent to the Second 
Sunday after the Epiphany, and from 
Septuagesima Sunday to the Third 
Sunday after Pentecost, as also on all 
Feasts, a special Chapter is given. On 
the remaining Sundays the Chapter is 
that given here. 

CHAPTER. (Apoc. vii. 12.) 

13LESSING, and glory, and wis- 
*-* dom, and thanksgiving, and 
honour, and power, and might be 



SUNDAY AT LAUDS. 



unto our God for ever and ever. 
Amen. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

This answer is always made after 
the Chapter. 

Then follows the Hymn. From the 
First Sunday in Advent till the Octave 
of the Epiphany and from the First 
Sunday in Lent till the Octave of Pen 
tecost, as also on all Feasts, a special 
Hymn is given. On the remaining 
Sundays the Hymn given here is said, 
except between the Octave of Pentecost 
and the first Sunday of October. 

HYMN. 1 

"PRAMER of the earth and sky, 
- 1 Ruler of the day and night, 
With a glad variety, 
Tempering all, and making light ; 

Gleams upon our dark path flinging, 
Cutting short each night begun, 
Hark ! for chanticleer is singing, 
Hark ! he chides the lingering sun. 

And the morning star replies, 
And lets loose the imprison d day ; 
And the godless bandit flies 
From his haunt, and from his prey. 

Shrill it sounds, the storm relenting 
Soothes the weary seamen s ears ; 
Once it wrought a great repenting, 
In that flood of Peter s tears. 

Rouse we ; let the blithesome cry 
Of that bird our hearts awaken ; 
Chide the slumberers as they lie, 
And arrest the sin-o ertaken. 

Hope and health are in his strain, 
To the fearful and the ailing ; 
Murder sheathes his blade profane, 
Faith revives when faith was failing. 

JESU, Master ! when we sin, 
Turn on us Thy healing Face ; 
It will melt the offence within 
Into penitential grace : 



Beam on our bewildered mind, 
Till its dreamy shadows flee ; 
Stones cry out where Thou hast shined, 
JESU ! musical with Thee. 

To the Father and the Son, 
And the Spirit, Who in heaven 
Ever witness, Three and One, 
Praise on earth be ever given. 

Amen. 

The following Hymn is said from the 
Fourth Sunday after Pentecost till the 
first Sunday of October. 



HYMN. 2 

"DALER have grown the shades of 
- 1 night, 

And nearer draws the day, 
Checkering the sky with streaks of 
light, 

Since we began to pray : 

To pray for mercy when we sin, 

For cleansing and release, 
For ghostly safety, and within 

For everlasting peace. 

Praise to the Father, as is meet, 

Praise to the Only Son, 
Praise to the Holy Paraclete, 

While endless ages run. 

Amen. 

Then is said a Verse and Answer. 
In Advent and from Septuagesima 
Sunday till the end of Paschal time, as 
also on all Feasts, a special Verse and 
Answer are given. 

Verse. 3 The LORD reigneth, He 
is clothed with majesty. 

Answer. The LORD is clothed 
with strength, and hath girded Him 
self with power. 

Then is said the following Song from 
the Gospel. It has an Antiphon, which 
is always special, and which is either 



1 By St. Ambrose, or at least of the Ambrosian school, except the last verse. Translation 
by the late Card. Newman. 

2 By Pope St. Gregory the Great, but a good deal altered. Translation by the late 
Card. Newman. 3 p s xc jj j 



28 



THE PSALTER. 



begun or said through the first time be 
fore it, according as the Office is Double 
or not. 



THE SONG OF ZACHARIAS. 

[On the occasion of the circumcision of 
St. John the Baptist. Luke i. 68-79.] 

BLESSED be the Lord God of 
Israel, * for He hath visited 
and redeemed His people. 

And hath raised up an horn of 
salvation for us, * in the house of 
His servant David : 

As He spake by the mouth of 
His holy Prophets, * which have 
been since the world began : 

That we should be saved from 
our enemies, * and from the hand of 
all that hate us : 

To perform the mercy promised 
to our fathers, * and to remember 
His holy covenant : 

The oath which He sware to our 
father Abraham, * that He would 
grant unto us, 

That we, being delivered out of 
the hand of our enemies, * might 
serve Him without fear, 

In holiness and righteousness be 
fore Him * all the days of our life. 

And thou, child, shalt be called 
the Prophet of the Highest : * for 
thou shalt go before the face of the 
Lord to prepare His ways : 

To give knowledge of salvation 
unto His people, * by the remission 
of their sins ; 

Through the tender mercy of our 
God, * whereby the dayspring from 
on high hath visited us, 

To give light to them that sit 
in darkness, and in the shadow of 
death, * to guide our feet into the 
way of peace. 

The Doxology, "Glory be to the 



Father, &c.," is said, 
Antiphon repeated. 



and then the 



Then is said : 

Verse. Hear my prayer, O LORD. 
Answer. And let my cry come 
unto Thee. 

Let us pray. 

Then follows the Prayer for the day 
at the end of which is answered: 

Answer. Amen. 

Afterwards are made any Commem 
orations necessary, by the Antiphon 
for the Song of Zacharias, the Verse 
and Answer after the Hymn, and the 
Prayer (preceded by "Let us pray") 
from the superseded Office which is to 
be commemorated. After which the 
following Common Commemorations 
are made, if required, according to 
Chapter xxxv. of the General Rubrics. 

When more than two Prayers are to 
be said, the last clause of each (begin 
ning "Through our Lord, c.," or 
" Who livest, &c.,") is omitted in all 
except the first and the last, nor is 
" Amen " answered except after these 
two. 

(Note that if these Commemorations 
be said upon a week-day, kept as suck, 
out of Paschal time, they are preceded 
by the Commemoration of the Cross, 
given hereafter at the end of the Lauds 
of Monday?) 



I. Commemoration of the Blessed 
Virgin Mary. 

(Omitted if the Office of the day is 
of the Blessed Virgin, or if her Little 
Office is to be said.) 

Antiphon. O Holy Mary, be 
thou an help to the helpless, a 
strength to the fearful, a comfort to 
the sorrowful ; pray for the people, 
plead for the clergy, make inter 
cession for all women vowed to 
God ; may all that keep thine holy 



SUNDAY AT LAUDS. 



remembrance, feel the might of 
thine assistance. 

Verse. Pray for us, O holy 
Mother of God. 

Answer, That we may be made 
worthy of the promises of Christ. 

Let us pray. 

GRANT, we beseech Thee, O 
Lord God, unto all Thy 
servants, that they may continually 
enjoy soundness both of mind and 
of body, and by the glorious inter 
cession of the Blessed Mary, always 
a Virgin, may be delivered from 
present sadness, and enter into the 
joy of Thine eternal gladness. 

From the Octave of the Epiphany to 
Candlemas, the Antiphon is the same, 
but the rest is as follows : 

Verse. After thy delivery thou 
still remainest a Virgin undenled. 

Answer. Mother of God, pray 
for us. 

Let us pray. 

OGOD, Who, by the fruitful 
virginity of the Blessed 
Mary, hast given unto mankind the 
rewards of everlasting life ; grant, 
we beseech Thee, that we may con 
tinually feel the might of her inter 
cession, through whom we have 
worthily received the Author of our 
life, our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son. 

II. Commemoration of St. Joseph^ 
Patron of the Universal Church. 

(Omitted in his Votive Office^ 

Antiphon. l JESUS Himself began 
to be about thirty years of age, being 
(as was supposed) the son of Joseph. 



Verse. 2 The mouth of the right 
eous speaketh wisdom. 

Answer. And his tongue talketh 
judgment. 

Let us pray. 

OGOD, Who, in Thine un 
speakable foreknowledge, 
didst choose Thy blessed servant 
Joseph to be the husband of Thine 
Own most holy Mother; mercifully 
grant that now that he is in heaven 
with Thee, we who on earth do 
reverence him for our defender, 
may worthily be holpen by the 
succour of his prayers to Thee on 
our behalf. 



III. Commemoration of the Holy 
Apostles, Peter and Paul. 

(Omitted in the Votive Office of the 
Apostles.} 

Antiphon. 3 These are glorious 
princes over all the earth, they 
loved one another in their lives, 
and in their death they were not 
divided. 

Verse. 4 Their sound is gone out 
through all the earth. 

Answer. And their words to the 
ends of the world. 

Let us pray. 

OGOD, Whose Right Hand 
caught the Blessed Peter 
when he walked upon the water, 
and began to sink, 5 and thrice de 
livered his fellow-Apostle Paul from 
the deep of the sea, when he suf 
fered shipwreck ; 6 graciously hear 
us, and grant, for the sake of them 



i Luke iii. 23. 
4 Ps. xviii. 5- 



2 Ps. xxxvi. 30; 
5 Matth. xiv. 31. 



3 2 Kings (Sam.) i. 23. 
6 2 Cor. xi. 25. 



30 THE PSALTER. 

both, that we also may attain unto For Peace. 

everlasting glory. Antiphon. Give peace in our 

Note l . time, O Lord, because there is 

1 In England in this case, by a special rule, is made 

Commemoration of St. George, Patron of England. 

Antiphon. * The Saints through faith subdued kingdoms, wrought 
righteousness, obtained promises. 

Verse, t O LORD, Thou hast compassed him. 
Answer. With Thy favour as with a shield. 

Let us pray. 

OGOD, Who dost gladden us through the worthy deeds and prayers of 
Thy blessed Martyr George ; mercifully grant that all they that seek 
Thy favour through him, may effectually obtain the gift of Thy grace. 
And thus it is said within the Octave. 

In the Diocese of Hexham St. George is not commemorated, but instead, the following 
commemoration is made of St. Cuthbert : 

Antiphon. Holy Cuthbert, our Protector, grace and glory of our father 
land, look down upon us from Heaven, and pray God for us, that He grant 
us everlasting joy. 

Verse. At the prayers of Blessed Cuthbert and for his sake, 

Answer. Be merciful unto Thy people, O Lord. 

Let us pray. 

OGOD, Who, through the priceless gift of Thy grace, dost make Thine 
holy ones glorious, mercifully grant, that the prayers of Thy Blessed 
Confessor and Bishop Cuthbert may help us worthily there to attain, where 
are the spirits of just men made perfect. 

In the Diocese of Northampton the following commemoration of St. Thomas of Canter 
bury is made before that of St. George : 

Antiphon. +1 am the Good Shepherd, and know My sheep, and am 
known of Mine, and I lay down My life for the sheep. 
Verse. In your patience 
Answer. Possess ye your souls. 

Let us pray. 

GOD, in defence of Whose Church the glorious Bishop Thomas fell 
by the swords of wicked men, grant, we beseech Thee, that all that 
ask his help may obtain wholesome fruit of their petition. 

In the Diocese of Plymouth the following commemoration of St. Boniface of Maintz is 
made before that of St. George : 

Antiphon. Many nations, many thousands of men, did Blessed Boniface 
* Heb. xi. 33. f Ps. v. 13. J John x. 14, 15. Luke xxi. 19. 



SUNDAY AT LAUDS. 31 

none other that fighteth for us, but our hearts may be set to obey Thy 

only Thou, O our God. commandments, and also that by 

Verse. x Peace be within thy Thee we being defended from the 

walls. fear of our enemies, may pass our 

Answer, And prosperity within time in rest and quietness. Through 

thy palaces. our Lord JESUS Christ, Thy Son, 

Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, 

Let us pray. in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one 

God, world without end. 

GOD, from Whom all holy Answer. Amen. 

desires, all good counsels, 

and all just works do proceed : give r !l ie Monday after Low Sunday 

unto Thy servants that peace which f ^ 

the world cannot give, that both the following: 

gain for Christ, and forasmuch as he made himself like unto an Apostle, he 
hath purchased unto himself a great reward in Heaven along with the 
Apostles. 

Verse. Be strong in the Lord, be strong. 

Answer. That ye may live for ever with God. 

Let us pray. 

GOD, Who wast pleased to make the zeal of Thy Blessed Martyr and 
Bishop Boniface the mean whereby Thou didst cause many peoples 
to know Thy Name, mercifully grant unto us who honour his memory to be 
feelingly holpen by the succour of his protection. 

(And so it is said within the Octave.} 

In the Diocese of Portsmouth the following commemoration of St. Edmund of Can 
terbury is made after that of St. George : 

Antiphon. He loved righteousness and hated iniquity, and therefore he 
died in exile. 

Verse. Cast out upon a world of woes, 

In exile here we roam. 

Answer. O Blessed Edmund, by thy prayers, 
Gain us the love of home. 

Let us pray. 

GOD, Who in the abundance of Thy goodness toward Thy Church 
hast made her bright by the illustrious life of Thy blessed Confessor 
and Bishop Edmund, and gladdened her by his glorious and wondrous 
works, mercifully grant unto Thy servants that they may be bettered in 
following after his ensample, and shielded by his protection from all things 
that may rise up against them. 

1 Ps. cxxi. 7. 



THE PSALTER. 



Paschal Commemoration of the 
Cross. 

(Omitted in the Votive Offices of the 
Blessed Sacrament cmd of the Passion?) 

Antiphon. He That was cruci 
fied is risen from the dead, and 
hath redeemed us. Alleluia, Al 
leluia. 

Verse. l Say among the heathen 
Alleluia. 

Answer. That the LORD reign- 
eth from the tree Alleluia. 

Let us pray. 

GOD, Who didst send Thy 
Son to suffer death for us 
upon the Cross, that Thou might- 
est deliver us from the power of 
the enemy ; grant unto us Thy 
servants to be made partakers of 
His Resurrection. Through the 
Same our Lord JESUS Christ Thy 
Son, Who liveth and reigneth with 
Thee in the unity of the Holy 
Ghost, one God, world without end. 
Answer. Amen. 

After the last Prayer is said: 

Verse. Hear my prayer, O LORD. 
Answer. And let my cry come 
unto Thee. 



Bless we the Lord. 



Answer. Thanks be to God. 

If the Office of the Dead or the Litany 
(with or without the Penitential Psalms) 
is to follow immediately, it is begun 
here. Otherwise 

There is said in rather a low voice : 
May the souls of the Faithful 



through the mercy of God rest in 
peace. 

Answer. Amen. 

If Prime is to follow immediately, it 
is begun here, and what follows is not 
said till the end of the whole service. 
Otherwise the Office ends thus : 

The Lord s Prayer is said inaudibly : 

OUR Father, Who art in heaven, 
Hallowed be Thy Name. Thy 
kingdom come. Thy will be done 
on earth, as it is in heaven. Give 
us this day our daily bread. And 
forgive us our trespasses, as we 
forgive them that trespass against 
us. And lead us not into temp 
tation ; but deliver us from evil. 
Amen. 

Then aloud: 

Verse. The Lord give us His 
peace. 

Answer. And life everlasting. 
Amen. 

Then follows one of these Four Anti- 
phons of the Blessed Virgin Mary, ac 
cording to the season of the year. 

I. From the First Sunday in Ad 
vent to Candlemas, both inclusive. 

Antiphon. " 2 Maiden, Mother of 
Him that redeemed us, thou that 
abidest 

Heaven s open gate, and the Star 
of the Sea, come, succour the fallen ! 

Fallen indeed we are, but fain 
would rise by thy succour. 

Thou that beyond nature s course, 
hast borne in time the Eternal ; 

Thou that a Virgin before and 
after that childbirth remainest, 



1 Ps. xcv. 10, old version. 

2 i.e., it is said for the first time after Vespers, if the Antiphon of the B.V. be to be said, 
and in any case after Compline, on the Saturday evening before Advent Sunday, and it is 
still similarly said after Vespers on February 2, but not after Compline on that day. It is 
ascribed to Hermann the Cripple, a monk of Reichenau, who died A.D. 1052. This trans 
lation is in the same rhymeless measure as the original, 



SUNDAY AT LAUDS. 



33 



From the Archangel s lips the 
quickening message receiving, 

Mother of JESUS and us, turn 
thine eyes of mercy on sinners. 

Verse. The Angel of the Lord 
announced unto Mary. 

Answer. And she conceived by 
the Holy Ghost. 

Let us pray. 

beseech Thee, O Lord, 
pour Thy grace into our 
hearts ; that, as we have known 
the Incarnation of Thy Son Christ 
by the message of an Angel, so by 
His Passion and Cross we may be 
brought unto the glory of the 
Resurrection. Through the same 
Christ our Lord. 
Answer. Amen. 

In and after the First Vespers of 
Christmas Day the Verse and Answer 
and Prayer are as follows : 

Verse. After thy delivery thou 
still remainest a Virgin undefiled. 

Ansiver. Mother of God, pray 
for us. 

Let us pray. 

GOD, Who, by the fruitful 
virginity of the Blessed Mary, 
hast given unto mankind the re 
wards of everlasting life; grant, we 
beseech Thee, that we may con 
tinually feel the might of her inter 
cession, through whom we have 
worthily received the Author of 
our life, even our Lord JESUS 
Christ Thy Son. 
Ansiver. Amen. 



II. From Candlemas to Maundy 
Thursday , both exclusive)- 

Antiphon. Hail, O Mary, Queen 
of Heaven, 

Queen of Angel worlds on high, 
Hail, O Rod to Jesse given, 
Blessed Portal of the sky, 

Hail, O Lady, bright and glorious, 
Clad in beauty pure and true, 
Virgin ! o er sin s stain victorious, 
Sinners for thy succour sue. 

Verse. Holy Virgin, my praise 
by thee accepted be. 

Ansiver. Give me strength against 
thine enemies. 

Let us pray. 

/^RANT, we beseech Thee, O 
^-*" most merciful God, a succour 
unto the frailty of our nature, that 
as we keep ever alive the memory 
of the holy Mother of God, so by 
the help of her intercession we may 
be raised up from the bondage of 
our sins. Through the same Christ 
our Lord. 

Answer. Amen. 

III. From Easter Sunday^ till the 
Saturday after Pentecost, both in 
clusive. 

Antiphon. Rejoice! rejoice! thou 
Queen of Heaven, Alleluia, 

For He That thee for Son was 
given, Alleluia, 

As He promised is arisen. Alle 
luia. 



( *.<?., .it is said for the first time after Compline on Feb. 2 (even if the Feast of the 
ranhcation be transferred), and for the last time after Compline on Wednesday in Holy 
Week. The authorship is unknown ; it seems to date from about the eleventh century. 

i.e., it is said for the first time after Compline on Easter Eve. The date and author 
ship are unknown ; but a legend has become attached to it to the effect that St. Gregory 
the Great heard the three first lines uttered by an angel, and himself added the fourth, on 
the same occasion from which was instituted the procession upon St. Mark s Day 
VOL. III. B 



34 



THE PSALTER. 



Mother, pray to Him for us. Alle 
luia. 

Verse. Be glad and rejoice, O 
Virgin Mary, Alleluia, 

Answer. For the Lord is risen 
indeed, Alleluia. 

Let us pray. 

OGOD, Who art pleased to 
gladden the whole world by 
the resurrection of Thy Son our 
Lord JESUS Christ ; grant, we be 
seech Thee, that by the help of 
His Mother the Virgin Mary, we 
may finally attain unto the glad 
ness of life everlasting. Through 
the same Christ our Lord. 
Answer. Amen. 

IV. From Trinity Sunday l till the 
Saturday before Advent Sunday, 
both inclusive. 

Antiphon. Hail, O Queen, Mother 
of mercy ! hail, our life, our sweet 
ness, and our hope ! To thee we 
cry, the banished sons of Eve. To 
ward thee we sigh, weeping and 
groaning in this vale of tears. Ah, 
then, thou our Advocate, turn on us 
those merciful eyes of thine ! And, 
after this our exile, show to us 
JESUS, the blessed Fruit of thy 



womb. O merciful, O gracious, O 
sweet Virgin Mary ! 

Verse. Pray for us, O holy Mother 
of God, 

Answer. That we may be made 
worthy of the promises of Christ. 

Let us pray. 

O ALMIGHTY and everlasting 
God, Who, by the co-opera 
tion of the Holy Ghost, didst make 
ready both the body and soul of the 
glorious Virgin and Mother Mary 
worthily to become a meet dwelling 
for Thy Son ; grant that as we re 
joice in her memory, so by her piti 
ful intercession we may be delivered 
from the evils that continually hang 
over us, and finally from everlasting 
death. Through the same Christ 
our Lord. 

Answer. Amen. 

After each of these Antiphons is said 
this Blessing : 

God s most mighty strength alway 
Be His people s staff and stay. 
Answer. Amen. 

Feasts. The above Office, appointed 
for Sunday, is also said on all Feasts 
whatsoever, even Simples, and every 
day in Paschal time. 



1 i.e., it is said for the first time after Vespers, if the Antiphon of the B.V. be to be 
said, and in any case after Compline, on the Saturday evening before Trinity Sunday. The 
last clause is usually admitted to be an exclamation uttered by St. Bernard of Clairvaux in 
the Cathedral of Spires ; but the authorship of the rest is disputed, some ascribing it to 
Hermann the Cripple, others to one Peter of Monsoro, Bishop of Compostella, others to 
one Adhemar, Bishop of Podium (Puy-en-Velay). It seems to have been well known, at 
least in Spain, early in the twelfth century. 



35 



PRIME, OR THE FIRST HOUR. 1 



THE LORD S DAY. 

Before Prime is said inaudibly the 
Lord s Prayer, the Angelic Salutation, 
and the Apostles Creed. 

OUR Father, Who art in heaven, 
Hallowed be Thy Name. 
Thy kingdom come. Thy will be 
done on earth, as it is in heaven. 
Give us this day our daily bread. 
And forgive us our trespasses, as 
we forgive them that trespass against 
us. And lead us not into tempta 
tion but deliver us from evil. 
Amen. 

IT AIL, Mary, full of grace; The 
-*- * Lord is with thee : blessed 
art thou among women, and blessed 
is the fruit of thy womb, JESUS. 

Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray 
for us sinners, now and at the hour 
of our death. Amen. 

T BELIEVE in God the Father 
-*- Almighty, Maker of heaven and 
earth. And in JESUS Christ, His 
Only Son, our Lord ; Who was con 
ceived by the Holy Ghost, Born of 



the Virgin Mary, suffered under 
Pontius Pilate, was crucified, dead, 
and buried : He descended into 
hell : the third day He rose again 
from the dead : He ascended into 
heaven, and sitteth on the right 
hand of God the Father Almighty : 
from thence He shall come to judge 
the quick and the dead. I believe 
in the Holy Ghost, the holy Catholic 
Church, the Communion of Saints, 
the Forgiveness of sins, the Resur 
rection of the body, and the Life 
everlasting. Amen. 

Then is said aloud: 

Verse. *| Make haste, O God, 
to deliver me. 

Answer. Make haste to help me, 
O LORD. 

Glory be to the Father, and to the 
Son, and to the Holy Ghost. 

As it was in the beginning, is now, 
and ever shall be, world without end. 
Amen. Alleluia. 

From Septuagesima Sunday to 
Maundy Thursday instead of "Alle 
luia" is said: 

Ceaseless praise to Thee be given, 
O Eternal King of heaven. 



1 Prime is the first service of the Church for the day-time, Mattins and Lauds being for 
the middle and close of night. Its proper hour is when the sun has fairly risen, and day 
begun, which is reckoned to be about 6 A.M., about which time it is generally said in 
choirs. Sometimes Mattins, Lauds, and Prime are said together early in the morning, 
forming the complete morning service of the Church. It is from this aggregation that the 
" Morning Prayer" of the Anglican Prayer Book is derived. 



THE PSALTER. 



Then is said the following : 

HYMN. 1 

IP HE star of morn to night succeeds, 
-- We therefore meekly pray, 
May God, in all our words and deeds, 
Keep us from harm this day. 

May He in love restrain us still 
From tones of strife and words of ill, 
And wrap around and close our eyes 
To earth s absorbing vanities. 

May wrath and thoughts that gender 
shame 

Ne er in our breasts abide, 
And painful abstinences tame 

Of wanton flesh the pride ; 

So when the weary day is o er, 

And night and stillness come once 

more, 

Blameless and clean from spot of earth 
We may repeat with reverent mirth 

To God the Father glory be, 

And to His Only Son, 
And to the Spirit, One and Three, 

While endless ages run. 

Amen. 

The last verse is sometimes said thus, 
altered in honour of the Incarnation : 

JESU, the Virgin-born, to Thee 

Eternal praise be given, 
W T ith Father, Spirit, One and Three, 

Here as it is in heaven. 

Amen. 

In Paschal time it is said thus, altered 
in honour of the Resurrection : 

To Father, Son, and Paraclete, 

The slain and risen Son, 
Be praise and glory, as is meet, 

While endless ages run. 

Amen. 

// is also occasionally otherwise al 
tered, which occasions are marked in 
their places. 

Then follow the Psalms. They are 
all said under one Antiphon, and 



when Five Antiphons have been said 
at Lauds, the First of these Five 
is the Antiphon at Prime, otherwise 
that given here is used. 

Antiphon. Alleluia. 



Psalm LI 1 1.. 

[The superscription of this Psalm, after 
some words which are probably a musical 
direction, proceeds "[A Psalm] of David, 
when the Ziphim came and said to Saul, 
Doth not David hide himself with us?" 
This was during the same period of his life 
in the South in which he composed Ps. 
Ixii. The Ziphim, or peasantry of the 
neighbourhood of Ziph, betrayed him twice 
to Saul, and both times, especially the first, 
he was in imminent peril. I Kings (Sam.) 
xxiii. 19-29, xxvi.] 

SAVE me, O God, in Thy Name, 
* and judge me in Thy 
power. 

Hear my prayer, O God : * give 
ear to the words of my mouth. 

For strangers are risen up against 
me, and oppressors seek after my 
soul : * and have not set God be 
fore them. 2 

Behold God is mine Helper : * 
and the Lord upholdeth my soul. 

Reward Thou evil unto mine 
enemies : * and cut them off in 
Thy truth. 

I will freely sacrifice unto Thee : 
* and praise Thy Name, O LORD, 
for it is good. 

For Thou hast delivered me out 
of all trouble : * and mine eye 
hath seen [my desire] upon mine 
enemies. 

The following Psalm, " O give thanks 
unto the LORD," is said only on Sun 
days, when the Office is of the Sunday, 
nor is it said from Easter to Pentecost, 
both inclusive. Moreover it is not said 
on or after Septuagesima Stmday till 



1 Another Ambrosian hymn. Translation by the late Card. Newman. 



2 SLH. 



PRIME, OR THE FIRST HOUR. 



37 



Easter, but then is substituted for it 
Psalm xcii., " The LORD reigneth " 
(given at the beginning of Lauds}. 

Psalm CXVII. 

[From some verses it seems as though this 
Psalm was written for the Feast of Taber 
nacles, and perhaps as a processional at the 
entry of the King (David ?) into the place 
of worship. The Vulgate and the LXX. 
prefix the word Alleluia.] 

OGIVE thanks unto the LORD, 
for He is good : * for His 
mercy endureth for ever. 

Let Israel now say that He is 
good : * for His mercy endureth 
for ever. 

Let the house of Aaron now say, 

* that His mercy endureth for ever. 
Let them now that fear the LORD 

say, * that His mercy endureth for 
ever. 

I called upon the LORD in dis 
tress : * and the LORD heard me 
[and set me] at large. 

The LORD is on my side : * I 
will not fear what man can do 
unto me. 

The LORD is on my side : * and 
I shall see [my desire upon] them 
that hate me. 

It is better to put confidence in 
the LORD, * than to put confidence 
in man. 

It is better to trust in the LORD, 

* than to trust in princes. 

All nations compassed me about : 

* but in the Name of the LORD ! * 
I was avenged on them. 

They compassed me about, yea, 
they compassed me about : * but 
in the Name of the LORD ! I was 
avenged on them. 



They compassed me about like 
bees ; they burnt out as the fire 
of thorns : * but in the Name 
of the LORD ! I was avenged on 
them. 

They thrust sore at me, that I 
might fall : * but the LORD helped 
me. 

The LORD is my strength and 
my song, * and is become my 
salvation. 

The voice of rejoicing and salva 
tion * is in the tabernacles 2 of the 
righteous. 

The right hand of the LORD hath 
done valiantly. The right hand of 
the LORD hath exalted me : * the 
right hand of the LORD hath done 
valiantly. 

I shall not die, but live, * and 
declare the works of the LORD. 

The LORD hath chastened me 
sore : * but He hath not given me 
over unto death. 

Open to me the gates of right 
eousness ; I will go into them and 
praise the LORD. * This is the gate 
of the LORD, into which the righteous 
shall enter. 

I will praise Thee, for Thou hast 
heard me, * and art become my 
salvation. 

3 The stone which the builders 
refused * is become the head-stone 
of the corner. 

This is the LORD S doing : * and 
it is marvellous in our eyes. 

This is the day which the LORD 
hath made : * let us rejoice and be 
glad in it. 

Save me now, O LORD ! O LORD, 
send Thou prosperity. * Blessed 



1 Probably a war-cry. 

2 The allusion is to the ceremonial of the Feast of Tabernacles, Lev. xxiii. 42, "Ye shall 
dwell in booths seven days." 

3 These two verses were quoted by our Lord. Matth. xxi. 42; Mark xii. 10. 



THE PSALTER. 



be he that cometh in the Name of 
the LORD ! l 

We have blessed you out of the 
house of the LORD. * God is the 
LORD and hath showed us light : 

Keep the solemn feast-day with 
leafy boughs, * even unto the horns 
of the Altar. 2 

Thou art my God, and I will 
praise Thee : * Thou art my God, 
and I will exalt Thee. 

I will give thanks unto Thee, for 
Thou hast heard me, * and art be 
come my salvation. 

O give thanks unto the LORD, 
for He is good : * for His mercy 
endureth for ever. 



Psalm CXVIII. 3 



BLESSED are the undefiled in 
the way, * who walk in the 
law of the LORD. 

Blessed are they that keep His 
testimonies : * that seek Him with 
the whole heart. 

For they that work iniquity, * 
walk not in His ways. 

Thou hast commanded us * to 
keep Thy precepts diligently. 

O that my ways were directed * 
to keep Thy statutes. 

Then shall I not be ashamed, * 



when I have respect unto all Thy 
commandments. 

I will praise Thee with upright 
ness of heart, * when I shall have 
learned Thy righteous judgments. 

I will keep Thy statutes : * O 
forsake me not utterly. 

Here the Doxology, " Glory be to the 
Father, &c.," is not said. 



^WHEREWITHAL shall a young 
* * man keep his way ? * By 
taking heed unto Thy word. 

With my whole heart have I sought 
Thee : * O let me not wander from 
Thy commandments ! 

Thy word have I hid in mine 
heart, * that I might not sin against 
Thee. 

Blessed art Thou, O LORD : * teach 
me Thy statutes ! 

With my lips * have I declared 
all the judgments of Thy mouth. 

I have rejoiced in the way of Thy 
testimonies, * as much as in all 
riches. 

I will meditate on Thy pre 
cepts, * and have respect unto 
Thy ways. 

I will delight myself in Thy 
statutes : * I will not forget Thy 
word. 



1 Notice that this is the very verse which was sung during the Palm Sunday procession. 
The word Hosanna is a corruption of its third and fourth words viz., " Ho-shy ah na." 

2 Lev. xxiii. 40. " And ye shall take you on the first day the boughs of goodly trees, 
branches of palm-trees, and the boughs of thick trees, and willows of the brook ; and ye 
shall rejoice before the LORD your God seven days." As to the Feast of Tabernacles, 
the Jewish tradition understands by "goodly trees" the citron, and by "thick trees" the 
myrtle. Branches of willow were fastened to the corners of the altar. 

3 This long poem in praise of the Divine Law, which the Church recites every day and 
all day, is A B C Darian. Its 176 verses are divided into twenty-two sections, of eight 
verses each, in each of which sections all the verses begin with the same letter of the 
Hebrew alphabet. The first eight, therefore, begin with Aleph, which somewhat cor 
responds to A. 

4 Plere begins the letter Beth, somewhat represented by B. 



PRIME, OR THE FIRST HOUR. 



39 



Continuation of the same Psalm. 



T^VEAL bountifully with Thy ser- 
*-^ vant, quicken me, * and I 
will keep Thy word. 

Open Thou mine eyes, * that I 
may behold wondrous things out of 
Thy law. 

I am a stranger in the earth : * 
hide not Thy commandments from 
me. 

My soul is an-hungered for the 
longing that it hath unto Thy 
judgments * at all times. 

Thou hast rebuked the proud : * 
they are cursed that do err from 
Thy commandments. 

Remove from me reproach and 
contempt : * for I have kept Thy 
testimonies. 

Princes also did sit and speak 
against me : * but Thy servant did 
meditate on Thy statutes. 

Thy testimonies also are my de 
light, * and Thy precepts my coun 
sellors. 

Here the Doxology, " Glory be to the 
Father, &c.," is not said. 



1X/TY soul cleaveth unto the 
IV 1. ground : * quicken Thou 
me according to Thy word. 

I have declared my ways and 
Thou heardest me : * teach me Thy 
statutes. 

Make me to understand the way 



of Thy precepts : * so shall I talk 
of Thy wondrous works. 

My soul sleepeth for heaviness : * 
strengthen Thou me according unto 
Thy word. 

Remove from me the way of lying : 

* and grant me Thy law graciously. 

I have chosen the way of truth : 

* Thy judgments have I not for 
gotten. 

I cleave unto Thy testimonies, O 
LORD : * put me not to shame ! 

I have run the way of Thy com 
mandments, * since Thou hast en 
larged mine heart. 

The following Creed is only said on 
Sundays whe7i the Office is of the Sun 
day, and on Trinity Sunday. The ex 
ceptions are Easter and Pentecost Sun 
days, "when it is not said, because they 
are treated as Festivals. 

THE CREED OF ST ATHANASIUS. 3 

WHOSOEVER willeth to be 
safe, * before all things it 
is necessary that he hold the 
Catholic Faith. 

Which faith except every one do 
keep whole and undefiled, * without 
doubt he shall perish eternally. 

Now the Catholic Faith is this, * 
that we worship One God in Trinity, 
and Trinity in Unity. 

Neither confounding the Persons, 

* nor dividing the Substance. 

For there is one Person of the 
Father, another of the Son, * and 
another of the Holy Ghost. 

But the Godhead of the Father, 



1 Here begins the letter Ghimel, answering partly to our G. 

2 Here begins the letter Daleth, answering partly to our D. 

3 The translation largely follows that in the Rev. A. E. Burn s Introduction to _ the 
Creeds. The origin and date of this hymn have been the subject of much discussion. 
" It is agreed that it was not written by St Athanasius, and that it was written in Latin." 
In the opinion of Mr Burn the indications point to the South of Gaul as its place of origin, 
and to the decade A.D. 420-430 as the period of its composition. 



4 o 



THE PSALTER. 



of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost 
is One, * the Glory Equal, the 
Majesty Co-Eternal. 

Such as the Father is, such is the 
Son, * and such is the Holy Ghost. 

The Father Uncreated, the Son 
Uncreated, * and the Holy Ghost 
Uncreated. 

The Father Infinite, the Son In 
finite, * and the Holy Ghost In 
finite. 

The Father Eternal, the Son Eter 
nal, * and the Holy Ghost Eternal. 

And yet They are not Three 
Eternals, * but One Eternal. 

As also They are not Three Un 
created, nor Three Infinites, * but 
One Uncreated, and One Infinite. 

So likewise the Father is Almighty, 
the Son Almighty, * and the Holy 
Ghost Almighty. 

And yet They are not Three Al 
mighties, * but One Almighty. 

So the Father is God, the Son 
God, * and the Holy Ghost God. 

And yet They are not Three Gods, 

* but One God. 

So the Father is Lord, the Son 
Lord, * and the Holy Ghost Lord. 

And yet They are not Three 
Lords, * but One Lord. 

For, like as we are compelled by 
Christian truth to acknowledge every 
Person by Himself to be God and 
Lord, * so are we forbidden by the 
Catholic Religion to say, there be 
Three Gods or Three Lords. 

The Father is made of none, * 
neither created, nor begotten. 

The Son is of the Father alone : 

* not made, nor created, but Be 
gotten. 

The Holy Ghost is of the Father, 
and the Son : * not made, nor 
created, nor begotten, but Pro 
ceeding. 



So there is One Father, not Three 
Fathers ; One Son, not Three Sons ; 

* One Holy Ghost, not Three Holy 
Ghosts. 

And in this Trinity is nothing 
afore or after, nothing is greater or 
less ; * but the whole Three Per 
sons are Co -Eternal together, and 
Co-Equal. 

So that in all things, as is afore 
said, * the Unity in Trinity, and 
the Trinity in Unity is to be wor 
shipped. 

He therefore that willeth to be 
safe, * let him thus think of the 
Trinity. 

But it is necessary to eternal 
salvation, * that he also believe 
faithfully the Incarnation of our 
Lord JESUS Christ. 

The right Faith therefore is, that 
we believe and confess, * that our 
Lord JESUS Christ, the Son of God, 
is God and Man. 

God, of the Substance of the 
Father, Begotten before the worlds : 

* and Man, of the substance of His 
mother, born in the world. 

Perfect God, Perfect Man, * of 
a reasoning Soul and human Flesh 
subsisting. 

Equal to the Father as touching 
His Godhead, * inferior to the 
Father as touching His Manhood. 

Who, although He be God and 
Man, * yet He is not Two, but One 
Christ. 

One, however, not by conversion 
of the Godhead into Flesh, * but by 
taking of the Manhood into God. 

One altogether, not by confusion 
of Substance, * but by Unity of 
Person. 

For as the reasoning soul and 
flesh is one man, * so God and 
Man is One Christ. 



PRIME, OR THE FIRST HOUR. 



Who suffered for our salvation, 
descended into hell, * rose again 
the third day from the dead. 

He ascended into heaven, He sit- 
teth on the right hand of the Father, 
God Almighty, * from whence He 
shall come to judge the quick and 
the dead. 

At Whose coming all men shall 
rise again with their bodies, * and 
shall give account for their own 
works. 

And they that have done good 
shall go into life eternal, * but 
they that have done evil into 
eternal fire. 

This is the Catholic Faith, * which 
except a man believe faithfully and 
firmly, he cannot be safe. 

Here is said the Doxology, "Glory 
be to the Father, &c." 

Antiphon. Alleluia, Alleluia, Alle 
luia. 

In Paschal time is said a fourth 
^ Alleluia. 



is said the Chapter. 
CHAPTER, (i Tim. i. 17.) 

T INTO the King Eternal, Im- 
^ mortal and Invisible, the 
only God, be honour and glory for 
ever and ever. Amen. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

Then follows the Short Responsory. 

Christ, Thou Son of the Living 
God, have mercy on us. 

Answer. Christ, Thou Son of the 
Living God, have mercy on us. 

Verse. Thou That sittest at the 
right hand of the Father. 

Answer. Have mercy on us. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 



and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer. Christ, Thou Son of the 
Living God, have mercy on us. 

Verse. l Arise, O Christ, and help 
us. 

Answer. And deliver us for Thy 
Name s sake. 

This Responsory is occasionally al 
tered, which alterations are given in 
their proper places. From Low Sun 
day inclusive till Ascension Day ex 
clusive it is said thus: 

Christ, Thou Son of the Living 
God, have mercy on us. Alleluia, 
Alleluia. 

Answer. Christ, Thou Son of the 
Living God, have mercy on us. Alle 
luia, Alleluia. 

Verse. Thou That art arisen 
from the dead. 

Answer. Alleluia, Alleluia. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer. Christ, Thou Son of the 
Living God, have mercy on us. Alle 
luia, Alleluia. 

Verse. Arise, O Christ, and help 
us. Alleluia. 

Answer. And deliver us for Thy 
Name s sake. Alleluia. 

From Ascension Day inclusive till 
Pentecost exclusive it is the same, ex 
cept that instead of "Thou That art 
arisen from the dead" is said: 

Verse. Thou That art gone up 
above the stars. 

During the Octave of Pentecost it is 
still the same except that this Verse is 
said thus : 

Verse. Thou That sittest at the 
right hand of the Father. 



1 Ps. xliii. 26. 



VOL. in. 



B 2 



4 2 



THE PSALTER. 



After the Short Responsory follow 
these prayers called the Preces, except 
on Doubles and within Octaves, when 
they are omitted down to the mark *. 

1 Kyrie eleison. 

Answer. Christe eleison. 

Kyrie eleison. 



OUR Father (inaudibly), Who art 
in heaven, Hallowed be Thy 
Name. Thy kingdom come. Thy 
will be done on earth, as it is in 
heaven. Give us this day our daily 
bread. And forgive us our tres 
passes, as we forgive them that tres 
pass against us. (Aloud.) 

Verse. And lead us not into 
temptation. 

Answer. But deliver us from 
evil. 

I BELIEVE (inaudibly) in God 
the Father Almighty, Maker of 
heaven and earth. And in JESUS 
Christ, His only Son, our Lord : 
Who was conceived by the Holy 
Ghost, born of the Virgin Mary, 
suffered under Pontius Pilate, was 
crucified, dead, and buried : He de 
scended into hell : the third day He 
rose again from the dead : He as 
cended into heaven, and sitteth on 
the right hand of God the Father 
Almighty : from thence He shall 
come to judge the quick and the 
dead. I believe in the Holy Ghost, 
the Holy Catholic Church, the Com 
munion of Saints, the Forgiveness 
of sins. (Aloud.) 

Verse. The Resurrection of the 
body. 

Answer. And the Life everlast 
ing. Amen. 



Verse. 2 And unto Thee have I 
cried, O LORD. 

Answer. And in the morning 
shall my prayer come betimes be 
fore Thee. 

Verse. 3 Let my mouth be filled 
with Thy praise. 

Answer. That I may sing of Thy 
glory, all the day long of Thy great 
ness. 

Verse. 4 O Lord, hide Thy face 
from my sins. 

Answer. And blot out all mine 
iniquities. 

Verse. Create in me a clean heart, 
OGod. 

Answer. And renew a right spirit 
within me. 

Verse. Cast me not away from 
Thy presence. 

Answer. And take not Thine 
holy Spirit from me. 

Verse. Restore unto me the joy 
of Thy salvation. 

Answer. And uphold me with 
Thy free spirit. 

Verse. 5 *J< Our help is in the 
name of the LORD. 

Answer. Who made heaven and 
earth. 

The General Confession. 

T CONFESS to God Almighty, 
** to the Blessed Mary, always 
a Virgin, to the Blessed Michael 
the Archangel, to the Blessed John 
the Baptist, to the Holy Apostles 
Peter and Paul, and to all the 
Saints, that I have sinned exceed 
ingly in thought, word, and deed, 
by my fault, by my fault, by my 
most grievous fault. Therefore I 
beseech the Blessed Mary, always 



1 Greek Litany, signifying " Lord, have mercy Christ, have mercy Lord, have mercy. * 

2 Ps. Ixxxvii. 14. 3 Ps. Ixx. 8. 4 Ps. 1. 11-14. 5 p s- cxxiii. 8. 



PRIME, OR THE FIRST HOUR. 



43 



a Virgin, the Blessed Michael the 
Archangel, the Blessed John the 
Baptist, the Holy Apostles Peter 
and Paul, and all the Saints, to 
pray to the Lord our God for me. 

The Absolution. 

ALMIGHTY God have mercy 
on us, forgive us our sins, 
and bring us to life everlasting. 
Answer. Amen. 

AY the Almighty and mer- 
c if u i Lord grant us pardon, 
absolution, and remission of all our 
sins. 

Answer. Amen. 

Then the Office continues as follows : 

Verse. Vouchsafe, O Lord, this 
day. 

Answer. To keep us without 
sin. 

Verse. Have mercy upon us, O 
LORD. 

Answer. Have mercy upon us. 

Verse. O LORD, let Thy mercy 
lighten upon us. 

Answer. As our trust is in Thee. 

Here the Office is resumed when the 
Preces have been omitted. 

* Verse. Hear my prayer, O 
LORD. 

Answer. And let my cry come 
unto Thee. 

Let us pray. 

LORD God Almighty, Who 
hast safely brought us to the 
beginning of this day, defend us 
in the same with Thy mighty power : 
and grant that this day we fall into 
no sin, but that all our thoughts, 



words, and works may be ordered 
by Thy governance to do always 
that is righteous in Thy sight. 
Through our Lord JESUS Christ, 
Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth 
with Thee, in the unity of the Holy 
Ghost, one God, world without end. 

Answer. Amen. 

Verse. Hear my prayer, O LORD. 

Answer. And let my cry come 
unto Thee. 

Verse. Bless we the Lord. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

If the Prime of the Little Office of the 
Blessed Virgin Mary is to be said, it is 
said now. Then is read the Martyr 
ology of the morrow, if it be to be read, 
the reader concluding with the words : 

And in other places many other 
holy Martyrs and Confessors and 
holy Virgins. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

After which the Office proceeds thus : 1 

Verse. 2 Precious in the sight of 
the LORD. 

Answer. 
Saints. 



Is the death of His 



1\/T AY Holy Mary and all the 
"* Saints plead for us with the 
Lord, that we may worthily be 
holpen and delivered by Him Who 
liveth and reigneth for ever and 
ever. 

Answer. Amen. 

Verse. Make haste, O God, to 
deliver me. 

Answer. Make haste to help me, 
O LORD. 

Verse. Make haste, O God, to 
deliver me. 

Answer. Make haste to help me, 
O LORD. 



1 Whether the Martyrology has been read or not. The Martyrology is never binding 
out of Choir. 2 Ps. cxv. 6. 



44 



THE PSALTER. 



Verse. Make haste, O God, to 
deliver me. 

Answer. Make haste to help me, 
O LORD. 

Glory be to the Father, and to 
the Son, and to the Holy Ghost. 

As it was in the beginning, is 
now, and ever shall be, world with 
out end. Amen. 



Father (inaudibly\ Who 
art in heaven, Hallowed be 
Thy Name. Thy kingdom come. 
Thy will be done on earth, as it is 
in heaven. Give us this day our 
daily bread. And forgive us our 
trespasses, as we forgive them that 
trespass against us. (Aloud.) 

Verse. And lead us not into 
temptation. 

Answer. But deliver us from 
evil. 

Verse. x Look upon Thy ser 
vants, O Lord, and upon the works 
of Thine hands, and order the go 
ings of their children. 

Answer. And let the beauty of 
the LORD our God be upon us, 
and establish Thou the work of 
our hands upon us, yea, the work 
of our hands, establish Thou it. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer. As it was in the be 
ginning, is now, and ever shall be, 
world without end. Amen. 

Let us pray. 

OLORD God, King of heaven 
and earth, may it please Thee 
this day to order and to hallow, to 



rule and to govern our hearts and 
our bodies, our thoughts, our words, 
and our works, according to Thy 
law and in the doing of Thy com 
mandments, that we, being holpen 
of Thee, may here, and for ever 
and ever, worthily be saved and de 
livered by Thee, O Saviour of the 
world, Who livest and reignest for 
ever and ever. 
Answer. Amen. 

Sir, be pleased to give the bless 
ing. 

The Blessing. 

The Lord Almighty order our 
days and deeds in His peace. 
Answer. Amen. 

Then is read the Short Lesson. On all 
Feasts, even Simples, and some other 
days, this is the same as the Chapter 
which is to be read at None, which will 
be found in its proper place. On other 
days one of the following is read, ac 
cording to the Season of the year. 

I. From the Octave of the Epiphany 
till the First Sunday in Lent, and 
from the Octave of Pentecost till 
Advent Stmday, all exclusive. 

2 Thess. iii. 5. 

And the Lord direct your hearts 
into the love of God, and into the 
patience of Christ. 

2. From Advent Sunday inclusive till 
Christmas Eve exclusive. 

Isa. xxxiii. 2. 

O LORD, be gracious unto us : 
for we have waited for Thee : be 
Thou our arm every morning, our 
salvation also in the time of 
trouble. 



1 Ps. Ixxxix. 1 6, 17. 



PRIME, OR THE FIRST HOUR. 



45 



3. From the First Sunday i?i Lent in 
clusive till Passion Sunday exclusive. 

Isa. Iv. 6. 

Seek ye the LORD, while He may 
be found : call ye upon Him while 
He is near. 



4. From Passion Sunday inclusive till 
Maundy Thursday exclusive. 

Isa. 1. 6. 

I hid not my face from shame 
and spitting. The Lord GOD 1 
will help me, therefore also shall 
I not be confounded. 



5. From Easter Sunday inclusive till 
Ascension Day exclusive. 

Col. iii. i. 

If ye be risen with Christ, seek 
those things which are above, where 
Christ sitteth at the right hand of 
God : set your affections on things 
above, not on things on the earth. 

When the Reader has finished the 
Short Lesson, he says: 

But Thou, O Lord, have mercy 
upon us. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

Verse. Our help is in the name 
of the LORD. 

Answer. Who made heaven and 
earth. 

Verse. Bless ye. 

Answer. May God [bless us]. 

The Blessing. 

*J The Lord bless us, and keep 
us from all evil, and bring us to life 
everlasting; and may the souls of 
the Faithful, through the mercy of 
God, rest in peace. 

Answer. Amen. 



Lastly, unless some other Hour is to 
follow immediately, the Lord s Prayer 
is said inaudibly. 



Father, Who art in heaven, 
Hallowed be Thy Name. Thy 
kingdom come. Thy will be done 
on earth, as it is in heaven. Give 
us this day our daily bread. And 
forgive us our trespasses, as we 
forgive them that trespass against 
us. And lead us not into tempta 
tion ; but deliver us from evil. 
Amen. 

Note. When Office is said in Choir 
the Service is ended with the Antiphon 
of the Blessed Virgin Mary every time 
the Choir is left. Otherwise it is only 
said as given in this book, at the end of 
Lauds (or the aggregation of which 
Lauds forms a part) and Compline. 

Feasts. The above Office appointed 
for Sundays is also said on all Feasts 
whatsoever, even Simples, and every 
day in Paschal time. 



PRIME ON WEEK-DAYS. 

All the same as on Sunday, except as 
otherwise given here. 

Ordinary Antiphon during the 
year. Blessed are they that walk. 

In Advent the Antiphon is the First 
Antiphon which has been said at Lauds 
on Sunday, unless the day have a set of 
its own. 

Antiphon in Lent. As I live. 

Antiphon for Passiontide. De 
liver me, O Lord. 

Psalm cxvii., "O give thanks unto 
the LORD," is not said. On Saturday 
it is simply omitted, and only the three 
Feast-Day Psalms (viz. liii. and the two 
first sections 0/"cxviii.) are said, btit on 
the other days of the week one of the 
Psalms following is put in its place. 



1 The Divine Name. 



4 6 



THE PSALTER. 



Psalm XXIII. 

[Intituled " A Psalm of David." The 
Vulgate and the LXX. add "for the first 
day of the week."] 

THE earth is the LORD S and 
the fulness thereof; * the 
world, and they that dwell there 
in. 

For He hath founded it upon the 
seas, * and established it upon the 
floods. 

Who shall ascend into the moun 
tain of the LORD ? * or who shall 
stand in His holy place? 

He that hath clean hands and 
a pure heart, * who hath not 
lifted up his soul unto vanity, nor 
sworn deceitfully unto his neigh 
bour. 

He shall receive a blessing from 
the LORD, * and mercy from the 
God of his salvation. 

This is the generation of them 
that seek Him, * that seek the 
face of the God of Jacob. 1 

Lift up your gates, O ye princes, 
and be ye lift up, ye everlasting 
doors ! * and the King of glory 
shall come in. 

Who is this King of glory ? * 
The LORD strong and mighty, the 
LORD mighty in battle. 

Lift up your gates, O ye princes, 
and be ye lift up, ye everlasting 
doors ! * and the King of glory 
shall come in. 

Who is this King of glory ? * 
The LORD of hosts, He is the 
King of glory. 1 



Psalm XXIV. 

[Intituled "Of David." This Psalm is 
ABC Darian.] 

UNTO Thee, O LORD, do I lift 
up my soul : * O my God, 
I trust in Thee, let me not be 
ashamed. 

Neither let mine enemies triumph 
over me : * for none that wait on 
Thee shall be ashamed : 

Let them be ashamed that 
transgress * without cause. 

Show me Thy ways, O LORD, * 
and teach me Thy paths. 

Lead me in Thy truth and teach 
me; * for Thou art the God of 
my salvation : and on Thee do I 
wait all the day. 

Remember, O LORD, Thy tender 
mercies, * and Thy loving-kind 
nesses, which have been ever of 
old. 

Remember not the sins of my 
youth, * nor my transgressions : 

According to Thy mercy remem 
ber Thou me, * for Thy goodness 
sake, O LORD. 

Good and upright is the LORD ; 
* therefore will He teach sinners 
in the way. 

The meek will He guide in judg 
ment : * the meek will He teach 
His way. 

All the paths of the LORD are 
mercy and truth, * unto such as 
keep His covenant and His testi 
monies. 

For Thy Name s sake, O LORD, 
pardon mine iniquity; * for it is 
great. 



PRIME, OK THE FIRST HOUR. 



47 



What man is he that feareth the 
LORD ? * him shall He teach in the 
way that He shall choose. 

His soul shall dwell at ease : * 
and his seed shall inherit the earth. 

The LORD is a strong rock unto 
them that fear Him ; * and His 
covenant shall be made known to 
them. 

Mine eyes are ever toward the 
LORD : * for He shall pluck my feet 
out of the net. 

Turn Thee unto me, and have 
mercy upon me, * for I am desolate 
and afflicted. 

The troubles of mine heart are 
enlarged : * O bring me out of my 
distresses. 

Look upon mine affliction and my 
pain : * and forgive all my sins. 

Consider mine enemies, for they 
are many : * and they hate me with 
cruel hatred. 

O keep my soul, and deliver me : 
* let me not be ashamed, for I put 
my trust in Thee. 

The undefiled and the upright 
cleave to me : * for I wait on Thee. 

Redeem Israel, O God, * out of 
all his troubles ! 



j 



Psalm XXV. 
[Intituled "Of David."] 

UDGE me, O LORD, for I have 
walked in mine innocence : * I 
have trusted also in the LORD ; I 
shall not slide. 

Examine me, O LORD, and prove 
me : * try as by fire my reins and 
mine heart. 

For Thy loving-kindness is before 
mine eyes : * and I have walked in 
Thy truth. 



I have not sat with vain persons, 

* neither will I go in with wrong 
doers. 

I hate the congregation of evil 
doers : * and will not sit with the 
wicked. 

I will wash mine hands in inno- 
cency, * and I will compass Thine 
Altar, O LORD. 

That I may hear the voice of 
thanksgiving, * and tell of all Thy 
wondrous works. 

LORD, I have loved the beauty of 
Thine house, * and the place where 
Thy glory dwelleth. 

Make not my soul to perish with 
sinners, O God, * nor my life with 
bloody men : 

In whose hands is mischief, * and 
their right hand is full of bribes. 

But as for me, I will walk in 
mine innocence : * redeem me, and 
be merciful unto me. 

My foot standeth in uprightness : 

* in the congregations will I bless 
Thee, O LORD. 



Psalm XXII. 
[Intituled "A Psalm of David."] 

THE LORD is my Shepherd, I 
shall not want. * He maketh 
me to lie down in green pastures : 

He leadeth me beside the still 
waters. * He restoreth my soul : 

He leadeth me in the paths of 
righteousness, * for His Name s 
sake. 

Yea, though I walk through the 
valley of the shadow of death, I will 
fear no evil : * for Thou art with 
me : 

Thy rod and Thy staff * they 
comfort me. 



THE PSALTER. 



Thou preparest a table before me, 

* in the presence of mine enemies : 
Thou anointest mine head with 

oil : * and mine overflowing cup, O 
how goodly is it ! 

Surely Thy mercy shall follow me 

* all the days of my life : 

And I will dwell in the house of 
the LORD * for ever. 



Psalm XXI. 

[Intituled "A Psalm of David." It has 
a musical (?) superscription, from part of 
which it appears that it was written for a 
tune called "The hind of the morning."] 

1\/TY God, my God, look upon 
* * ** me l : why hast Thou for 
saken me ? * the voice of mine of 
fences keepeth Thy deliverance far 
from me. 

O my God, I cry in the day-time, 
and Thou hearest not : * and in the 
night season and still it is not fool 
ishness in me. 

But Thou dwellest in holiness, * 
O Thou Praise of Israel ! 

Our fathers trusted in Thee : * 
they trusted, and Thou didst deliver 
them. 

They cried unto Thee, and were 
delivered : * they trusted in Thee, 
and were not confounded. 

But I am a worm and no man : * 
a reproach of men, and despised of 
the people. 

2 All they that see me laugh me to 
scorn : * they shoot out the lip, and 
shake their head : 

He trusted in the LORD, let Him 
rescue him : * let Him deliver him, 
seeing He delighteth in him. 



But Thou art He That took me 
out of the womb : * Thou art mine 
hope from my mother s breasts. I 
was cast upon Thee from the womb : 

Thou art my God from my 
mother s belly. * Be not far from 
me : 

For trouble is near : * for there is 
none to help. 

Many bulls have compassed me : 
* strong bulls have beset me round. 

They gaped upon me with their 
mouths, * as a ravening and a roar 
ing lion. 

I am poured out like water, * and 
all my bones are out of joint ; 

Mine heart is like melting wax * 
in the midst of my bowels. 

My strength is dried up like a 
potsherd, and my tongue cleaveth to 
my jaws : * and Thou hast brought 
me into the dust of death. 

For many dogs have compassed 
me : * the assembly of the wicked 
have inclosed me. 

They pierced mine hands and my 
feet : * they have told all my bones : 

They look and stare upon me. 
They part my garments among them, 
and upon my vesture do they cast 
lots. 

But let not Thine help be far from 
me ; O LORD, * haste Thee to save 
me. 

God, deliver my soul from the 
sword : * my darling from the power 
of the dog ! 

Save me from the lion s mouth ; * 
and mine affliction from the horns of 
the unicorns. 

1 will declare Thy name unto my 
brethren : * in the midst of the 
congregation will I praise Thee. 



1 The words "My God, My God, why hast Thou forsaken Me?" were quoted by our 
Lord upon the Cross (Matth. xxvii. 46 ; Mark xv. 34). 

2 Read Matth. xxvii. 39-44. 



PRIME, OR THE FIRST HOUR. 



49 



Ye that fear the LORD, praise 
Him : * all ye seed of Jacob, glorify 
Him; 

Let all the seed of Israel fear 
Him. * For He hath not despised 
nor abhorred the prayer of the 
poor; 

Neither hath He hid His face 
from me : * but when I cried unto 
Him, He heard me. 

My praise shall be of Thee in the 
great congregation : * I will pay my 
vows before them that fear Him. 

The poor shall eat and be satis 
fied, and they shall praise the LORD 
that seek Him : * their heart shall 
live for ever. 

All the ends of the earth * shall 
remember and turn unto the LORD. 

And all the kindreds of the na 
tions * shall worship before Him. 

For the kingdom is the LORD S : 

* and He hath dominion among the 
nations. 

All they that be fat upon earth 
shall eat and worship : * all they 
that go down to the dust shall fall 
down before Him : 

My soul also shall live unto Him ; 

* and my seed shall serve Him : 
The generation to come shall tell 

it unto the Lord : * and the heavens 
shall declare His righteousness unto 
a people that shall be born, whom 
the Lord hath made. 



In Advent the Antiphon is the First 
Antiphon which has been said at Lands 
on Sunday, unless the day have a set of 
its own. 

Antiphon in Lent. l As I live, 
saith the LORD, I have no pleasure 
in the death of the wicked, but 
rather that he turn from his way and 
live. 

Antiphon for Passiontide. 2 De 
liver me, O Lord, and set me be 
side Thee : and any man s hand 
may fight against me. 

CHAPTER. (Zech. viii. 19.) 

LOVE peace and truth, saith the 
Lord Almighty. 

If the Preces have not been said at 
Lauds, then the Preces are now said, 
as on Sunday; but if the Lauds Preces 
have been said, the following longer 
form is used, all kneeling: 

Kyrie eleison. 

Answer. Christe eleison. 

Kyrie eleison. 



OUR Father (inaudibly}, Who 
art in heaven, Hallowed be 
Thy Name. Thy kingdom come. 
Thy will be done on earth, as it is 
in heaven. Give us this day our 
daily bread. And forgive us our 
trespasses, as we forgive them that 
trespass against us. (Aloud.) 

Verse. And lead us not into 
temptation. 

Answer. 
evil. 



But deliver us from 



Saturtiag. 

Psalm cxvii. is simply omitted and 
no other is substituted for it. 

Ordinary Antiphon during the T BELIEVE (inaudibly) in God 
year. Blessed are they that walk -*- the Father Almighty, Maker of 
in Thy law, O Lord. heaven and earth. And in JESUS 



1 Ezek. xxxiii. 1 1. 



2 Job xvii. 3. 



THE PSALTER. 



Christ, His only Son, our Lord : 
Who was conceived by the Holy 
Ghost, born of the Virgin Mary, 
suffered under Pontius Pilate, was 
crucified, dead, and buried : He 
descended into hell : the third day 
He rose again from the dead : He 
ascended into heaven, and sitteth 
on the right hand of God the 
Father Almighty : from thence He 
shall come to judge the quick and 
the dead. I believe in the Holy 
Ghost, the Holy Catholic Church, 
the Communion of Saints, the For 
giveness of sins. (Aloud.} 

Verse. The Resurrection of the 
body. 

Answer. And the Life everlast 
ing. Amen. 

Verse. And unto Thee have I 
cried, O LORD. 

Answer. And in the morning 
shall my prayer come betimes before 
Thee. 

Verse. Let my mouth be filled 
with Thy praise. 

Answer. That I may sing of 
Thy glory, all the day long of Thy 
greatness. 

Verse. O Lord, hide Thy face 
from my sins. 

Answer. And blot out all mine 
iniquities. 

Verse. Create in me a clean 
heart, O God. 

Answer. And renew a right spirit 
within me. 

Verse. Cast me not away from 
Thy presence. 

Answer. And take not Thine 
Holy Spirit from me. 



Verse. Restore unto me the joy 
of Thy salvation. 

Answer. And uphold me with 
Thy free spirit. 

Verse. x Deliver me, O LORD, 
from the evil man. 

Answer. And preserve me from 
the wicked man. 

Verse. 2 Deliver me from mine 
enemies, O my God. 

Answer. And defend me from 
them that rise up against me. 

Verse. Deliver me from the 
workers of iniquity. 

Answer. And save me from 
bloody men. 

Verse. 3 So will I sing unto Thy 
Name for ever. 

Answer. That I may daily per 
form my vows. 

Verse. 4 Answer us, O God of 
our salvation. 

Ansiver. Who art the confidence 
of all the ends of the earth, and of 
them that are afar off upon the sea. 

Verse. Make haste, O God, to 
deliver me. 

Answer. Make haste to help me, 
O LORD. 

Verse. 5 Holy God, Holy Mighty, 
Holy Immortal. 

Answer. Have mercy on us. 

Verse. 6 Bless the LORD, O my 
soul. 

Answer. And all that is within 
me, bless His holy Name. 

Verse. Bless the LORD, O my soul. 

Answer. And forget not all his 
benefits. 

Verse. Who forgiveth all thine 
iniquities. 



1 Ps. cxxxix. 2. 2 Ps. Iviii. 2, 3. 3 Ps. Ix. 9. 4 Ps. Ixiv. 6. 

5 Called the " Trisagion " in the Eastern Church. Its legendary origin is that it was 
learnt from angels by a boy who was carried up into the air during a tempest at Con 
stantinople in the time of St Proclus (A.D. 434). It is probably much older than his 
time. Photius thought it was adapted from Ps. xli. 2. 6 Ps. cii. 1-5. 



PRIME, OR THE FIRST HOUR. 



5 1 



Answer. Who healeth all thy Answer. Thy youth is renewed 
diseases. like the eagle s. 



Verse. Who redeemeth thy life Verse. 



Our help is in the 



from destruction. 

Answer. Who crowneth thee 
with loving - kindness and tender earth, 
mercies. 

Verse. Who satisfieth thy desire 
with good things. 



name of the LORD. 

Answer. Who made heaven and 



Then is made the General Confession, 
and all proceeds as on Sunday. 



TERCE, OR THE THIRD HOUR. 1 



ffice for eberg tfag in tfje 



At the beginning of Terce the Lord s 
Prayer and the Angelic Salutation are 
said inaudibly. 

OUR Father, Who art in heaven, 
Hallowed be Thy Name. Thy 
kingdom come. Thy will be done 
on earth, as it is in heaven. Give 
us this day our daily bread. And 
forgive us our trespasses, as we for 
give them that trespass against us. 
And lead us not into temptation ; 
but deliver us from evil. Amen. 

TTAIL, Mary, full of grace; The 
-*- -* Lord is with thee : blessed 
art thou among women, and blessed 
is the fruit of thy womb, JESUS. 

Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray 
for us sinners, now, and at the hour 
of our death. Amen. 

Then is said aloud : 

Verse. +fc Make haste, O God, 
to deliver me. 

Answer. Make haste to help me, 
O LORD. 

Glory be to the Father, and to the 
Son, and to the Holy Ghost. 



As it was in the beginning, is now, 
and ever shall be, world without end. 
Amen. Alleluia. 

From Septuagesima Sunday to 
Maundy Thursday instead of "Alle 
luia" is said: 

Ceaseless praise to Thee be given, 
O Eternal King of heaven. 

The?i is said the following: 

HYMN. 2 

COME, Holy Ghost, Who ever One, 
Reignest with Father and with 

Son, 

3 It is the hour, our souls possess 
With Thy full flood of holiness. 

Let flesh, and heart, and lips, and mind, 
Sound forth our witness to mankind ; 
And love light up our mortal frame 
Till others catch the living flame. 

Now to the Father, to the Son, 
And to the Spirit, Three in One, 
Be praise, and thanks, and glory given, 
By men on earth, by Saints in heaven. 

Amen. 

The last verse is sometimes said thus, 
altered in honour of the Incarnation : 

JESU, the Virgin-born, to Thee, 
To Father, Spirit, One and Three, 
Be praise, and thanks, and glory given, 
By men on earth, by Saints in heaven. 

Amen. 



1 The proper hour of Terce is 9 A.M., about which time it is generally said in 
communities before the Community Mass. 

2 Another hymn of the Ambrosian school. Translation by the late Card. Newman. 

3 It was at this the third hour that the Holy Ghost descended on the day of Pente 
cost. Acts ii. 15. 



TERCE, OR THE THIRD HOUR. 



53 



In Paschal time it is said thus, al 
tered in honour of the Resurrection : 

JESU, our Risen Lord, to Thee, 
To Father, Spirit, One and Three, 
Be praise, and thanks, and glory given, 
By men on earth, by Saints in heaven. 

Amen. 

// is also occasionally otherwise al 
tered, which occasions are marked in 
their places. 

Then follow six sections of Psalm 
CX VIII. They are all said under one 
Antiphon, and when Five Antiphons 
have been said at Lauds, the Second of 
these Five is the Antiphon at Terce. 
Otherwise those given here are used. 

Ordinary Antiphon for Sundays ; 
and for every day in Paschal time. 
Alleluia. 

Ordinary Antiphon for Week-days. 
Lead me. 

In Advent the Antiphon is the Second 
Antiphon which has been said at Lauds 
on Sunday, unless the day have a set of 
its own. 

Antiphon in Lent. Behold now 
is the day. 

Antiphon in Passiontide. O Lord, 
Thou hast judged. 



Continuation of Psalm C XVI I I. 

il 1 

TEACH me, O LORD, the way of 
Thy statutes : * and I shall 
keep it unto the end. 

Give me understanding, and I 
shall keep Thy law : * yea, I shall 
observe it with my whole heart. 
Lead me in the path of Thy 



commandments : * for therein do I 
delight. 

Incline mine heart unto Thy testi 
monies, * and not to covetousness. 

Turn away mine eyes from be 
holding vanity : * quicken Thou me 
in Thy way. 

Stablish Thy word unto Thy ser 
vant, * that he may fear Thee. 

Turn away my reproach, which I 
dread : * for Thy judgments are 
good. 

Behold, I have longed after 
Thy precepts : * quicken me in 
Thy righteousness. 

Here the Doxology, " Glory be to the 
Father, &c.," is not said. 



LET Thy mercy come also unto 
me, O LORD : * even Thy sal 
vation, according to Thy word. 

So shall I have wherewith to 
answer him that reproacheth me : 
* for I trust in Thy word. 

And take not the word of truth 
utterly out of my mouth : * for I 
have hoped in Thy judgments. 

So shall I keep Thy law contin 
ually, * for ever and ever. 

And I will walk at liberty : * for 
I seek Thy precepts. 

I will speak of Thy testimonies 
also before kings : * and will not be 
ashamed. 

And I will delight myself in Thy 
commandments, * which I have loved. 

Mine hands also will I lift up 
unto Thy commandments, which I 
have loved : * and I will meditate 
in Thy statutes. 



1 Here begins the letter He, an aspirate, nearly represented by our H. 

2 Here begins the letter Vau, variously attempted to be represented by V, W, U, 
O, Oo. 



54 



THE PSALTER. 



Continuation of the same Psalm. 



T3 EMEMBER Thy word unto 
"^ Thy servant, * upon which 
Thou hast caused me to hope. 

This is my comfort in mine afflic 
tion, * that Thy word hath quickened 
me. 

The proud have behaved them 
selves very wickedly : * yet have I 
not turned aside from Thy law. 

I remembered Thy judgments of 
old, O LORD : * and have comforted 
myself. 

Horror hath taken hold upon me, 

* because of the wicked that forsake 
Thy law. 

Thy statutes have been my songs 

* in the house of my pilgrimage. 

I have remembered Thy Name, O 
LORD, in the night, * and have kept 
Thy law. 

This I had, * because I kept Thy 
precepts. 

Here the Doxology, " Glory be to the 
Father, &c.," is not said. 



" I ^HOU art my portion, O LORD, 
* * I have said that I would 
keep Thy law. 

I entreated Thy favour with my 
whole heart : * be merciful unto me 
according to Thy word. 

I thought on my ways, * and 
turned my feet unto Thy testi 
monies. 

I made haste, and delayed not 
* to keep Thy commandments. 

The bands of the wicked have 



compassed me about : * yet have 
I not forgotten Thy law. 

At midnight I will rise to give 
thanks unto Thee, * because of 
Thy righteous judgments. 

I am the companion of all them 
that fear Thee, * and of them that 
keep Thy precepts. 

The earth, O LORD, is full of 
Thy mercy : teach me Thy 

statutes. 



Continuation of the same Psalm. 



T HOU hast dealt well with Thy 
* servant, O LORD, * according 
to Thy word. 

Teach me goodness, and judg 
ment, and knowledge : * for I have 
believed Thy commandments. 

Before I was afflicted, I went 
astray : therefore now I have 
kept Thy word. 

Thou art good, * and in Thy 
goodness teach me Thy statutes. 

The proud have dealt very 
wickedly with me : * but I will 
keep Thy precepts with my whole 
heart. 

Their heart is curdled as milk : 4 
* but I delight in Thy law. 

It is good for me that Thou hast 
afflicted me : * that I might learn 
Thy statutes. 

The law of Thy mouth is better 
unto me, * than thousands of gold 
and silver. 



Here the Doxology^ " Glory be to the 
Father, &c.," is not said. 



1 Here begins the letter Zain, answering to Z. 

2 Here begins the letter Kh^th, a strong guttural, variously represented by Kh and Hh. 

3 Here begins the letter Teth, represented by T. 

4 " Gross as fat is their heart " (Leeser). The idea conveyed is that of stupidity. 



TERCE, OR THE THIRD HOUR. 



55 



T^HINE hands have made me and 
-*- fashioned me : * give me 
understanding, that I may learn 
Thy commandments. 

They that fear Thee will be glad 
when they see me : * because I have 
hoped in Thy word. 

I know, O LORD, that Thy judg 
ments are right, * and that Thou 
in faithfulness hast afflicted me. 

Let Thy merciful kindness be for 
my comfort, * according to Thy 
word unto Thy servant. 

Let Thy tender mercies come unto 
me, that I may live : * for Thy law 
is my delight. 

Let the proud be ashamed, for 
they dealt wrongfully with me with 
out a cause : * but I will meditate 
in Thy precepts. 

Let those that fear Thee turn 
unto me, * and those that know 
Thy testimonies. 

Let mine heart be undenled in 
Thy statutes, * that I be not 
ashamed. 

Ordinary Antiphon for Sundays. 
Alleluia, Alleluia, Alleluia. 

Antiphon for every day in Paschal 
time. Alleluia, Alleluia, Alleluia, 
Alleluia. 

Ordinary Antiphon for Week 
days. 2 Lead me in the path of 
Thy commandments, O Lord. 

In Advent the Antiphon is the Second 
Antiphon which has been said at Lauds 
on Sunday , unless the day have a set of 
its own. 

Antiphon in Lent. Behold now 
is the day of repentance, to redeem 
sin, and save the soul. 



Antiphon in Passiontide. 3 O 
Lord, Thou hast judged the cause 
of my soul. Thou hast redeemed 
my life, O Lord my God. 

Then follows the Chapter and the 
Short Respo?isory. When they are not 
given specially, one of the following is 
used. After the Chapter is always an 
swered, " Thanks be to God." 



On Sundays, from the Third Sun 
day after the Epiphany inclusive until 
Septuagesima Sunday exclusive, and 
from the Third Sunday after Pentecost 
inclusive until Advent Sunday exclusive 
are said the following, and the Respon- 
sory is used moreover till the First 
Sunday in Lent exclusive. 

CHAPTER, (i John iv. 16.) 

GOD is love : and he that dwell- 
eth in love dwelleth in God, 
and God in him. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

Short Responsory. 

4 Incline mine heart unto Thy 
testimonies, O God. 

Answer. Incline mine heart unto 
Thy testimonies, O God. 

Verse. Turn away mine eyes from 
beholding vanity : quicken Thou me 
in Thy way. 

Answer. Unto Thy testimonies, 
O God. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer. Incline mine heart unto 
Thy testimonies, O God. 

Verse. 5 I said, LORD, be merci 
ful unto me. 

Answer. Heal my soul, for I 
have sinned against Thee. 



1 Here begins the letter Jod, variously represented by J, Y, I, Ee. 

2 Ps. cxviii. 35. 3 Lam. iii. 58. 4 Ps. cxviii. 36, 37. 



5 Ps. xl. 5. 



THE PSALTER. 



On ordinary Week-days throughout 
the year are said the following : 

CHAPTER. (Jer. xvii. 14.) 

TT EAL me, O LORD, and I shall 
J- J- be healed : save me, and I 

shall be saved : for Thou art my 

praise. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

Short Responsory. 

Heal my soul, for I have sinned 
against Thee. 

Answer. Heal my soul, for I 
have sinned against Thee. 

Verse. I said, LORD, be merciful 
unto me. 

Answer. For I have sinned against 
Thee. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer. Heal my soul, for I 
have sinned against Thee. 

Verse. * Be Thou mine Helper, 
neither leave me, 

Answer. Nor forsake me, O God 
of my salvation. 

In Advent are said the following (but 
the Chapter on Week-days only) : 

CHAPTER. (Jer. xxiii. 5.) 

BEHOLD, the days come, saith 
the LORD, that I will raise 
unto David a righteous branch : and 
a King shall reign in wisdom, and 
shall execute judgment and justice 
in the earth. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

Short Responsory. 

Come and save us, O Lord God 
of hosts. 



Answer. Come and save us, O 
Lord God of hosts. 

Verse. 2 Cause Thy face to shine, 
and we shall be saved. 

Answer. O Lord God of hosts. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer. Come and save us, O 
Lord God of hosts. 

Verse. 3 The heathen shall fear 
Thy Name, O LORD. 

Answer. And all the kings of 
the earth Thy glory. 

In Lent are said the following (but the 
Chapter on Week-days only) : 

CHAPTER. (Joel ii. 12, 13.) 



ye to Me with all your 
heart, with fasting, and with 
weeping, and with mourning. And 
rend your heart and not your gar 
ments, saith the Lord Almighty. 
Answer. Thanks be to God. 

Short Responsory. 

4 He hath delivered me from the 
snare of the fowler. 

Answer. He hath delivered me 
from the snare of the fowler. 

Verse. And from the noisome 
pestilence. 

Answer. From the snare of the 
fowler. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer. He hath delivered me 
from the snare of the fowler. 

Verse. He shall cover thee with 
His wings. 

Answer. And under His feathers 
shalt thou trust. 



1 Ps. xxvi. 9. 



2 Ps. Ixxix. 4. 



3 Ps. ci. 1 6. 



4 Ps. xc. 3. 



TERCE, OR THE THIRD HOUR. 



57 



In Passiontide are said the following 
(but the Chapter on Week-days only) : 

CHAPTER. (Jer. xvii. 13.) 

LORD, all that forsake Thee 
shall be ashamed : they that 
depart from Thee shall be written 
in the earth : because they have 
forsaken the LORD, the fountain of 
living waters. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

Short Responsory. 

1 O God, deliver my soul from 
the sword. 

Answer. O God, deliver my soul 
from the sword. 

Verse. And my darling from 
the power of the dog. 

Answer. My soul from the sword. 
O God, deliver my soul from the 
sword. 

Verse. O Lord, save me from 
the lion s mouth. 

Answer. And mine affliction 
from the horns of the unicorns. 



In Paschal time are said the following 
(but the Chapter on Week-days only} : 

CHAPTER. (Rom. vi. 9.) 

/CHRIST, being raised from the 
V- dead, dieth no more, death 
hath no more dominion over Him. 
For in that He died, He died unto 
sin once ; but in that He liveth, He 
liveth unto God. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

Short Responsory. 

The Lord is risen from the grave, 
Alleluia, Alleluia. 

Answer. The Lord is risen from 
the grave, Alleluia, Alleluia. 



Verse. Who hung for us upon 
the tree. 

Answer. Alleluia, Alleluia. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer. The Lord is risen from 
the grave, Alleluia, Alleluia. 

Verse. 2 The Lord is risen in 
deed, Alleluia. 

Answer. And hath appeared to 
Simon, Alleluia. 

After the Short Responsory, if the 
Preces have been said at Lauds, all kneel 
down and the following are said; but 
if the Preces have been omitted at Lauds, 
then these are also omitted down to the 
mark *. 

Kyrie eleison. 

Answer. Christe eleison. 

Kyrie eleison. 



Father (inaudibly\ Who 
. art in heaven, Hallowed be 
Thy Name. Thy kingdom come. 
Thy will be done on earth, as it is 
in heaven. Give us this day our 
daily bread. And forgive us our 
trespasses, as we forgive them that 
trespass against us. (Aloud.) 

Verse. And lead us not into 
temptation. 

Answer. But deliver us from evil. 

Verse. 3 Turn us again, O Lord 
God of hosts. 

Answer. And cause Thy face to 
shine, and we shall be saved. 

Verse. Arise, O Christ, and help 
us. 

Answer. And deliver us for Thy 
Name s sake. 

Here the Office is continued when the 
above has been omitted. 



Ps. xxi. 21. 



2 Luke xxiv. 34. 



3 Ps. Ixxix. 8. 



THE PSALTER. 



* Verse. Hear my prayer, O 
LORD. 

Answer. And let my cry come 
unto Thee. 

Let us pray. 

Here is said the Prayer for the day, 
after which : 

Verse. Hear my prayer, O LORD. 
Answer. And let my cry come 
unto Thee. 

Verse. Bless we the Lord. 
Answer. Thanks be to God. 

If the Little Office of the Blessed 
Virgin Mary is to follow immediately, 
it is begun here, and what follows is not 
said. Otherwise the Office ends thus : 

Verse (said in a somewhat lower 
voice). May the souls of the Faith 
ful, through the mercy of God, rest 
in peace. 

Ansiver. Amen. 



Lastly, unless Sext follow, the Lord^s 
Prayer is said inatidibly. 

OUR Father, Who art in heaven, 
Hallowed be Thy Name. Thy 
kingdom come. Thy will be done 
on earth, as it is in heaven. Give 
us this day our daily bread. And 
forgive us our trespasses, as we for 
give them that trespass against us. 
And lead us not into temptation ; 
but deliver us from evil. Amen. 

Note. When Office is said in Choir 
the Service is ended with the Antiphon 
of the Blessed Virgi?i Mary every time 
the Choir is left. Otherwise it is only 
said as given in this book, at the end 
of Lauds (or the aggregation of which 
Lauds forms a part] and Compline. 

Feasts. The above Office, appointed 
for all Sundays and Week-days through 
out the year, is likewise said on all 
Feasts. 



59 



SEXT, OR THE SIXTH HOUR. 1 



fitce for rfjerg tiag in tfje 



At the beginning of Sext, the Lord^s 
Prayer a?id the Angelic Salutation are 
said inaudibly. 

OUR Father, Who art in heaven, 
Hallowed be Thy Name. Thy 
kingdom come. Thy will be done 
on earth, as it is in heaven. Give 
us this day our daily bread. And 
forgive us our trespasses, as we for 
give them that trespass against us. 
And lead us not into temptation; 
but deliver us from evil. Amen. 

TTAIL, Mary, full of grace; The 
* ^ Lord is with thee : blessed 
art thou among women, and blessed 
is the fruit of thy womb, JESUS. 

Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray 
for us sinners, now, and at the hour 
of our death. Amen. 

Then is said aloud : 

Verse. ^ Make haste, O God, to 
deliver me. 

Answer. Make haste to help me, 
O LORD. 

Glory be to the Father, and to 
the Son, and to the Holy Ghost. 

As it was in the beginning, is 



now, and ever shall be, world with 
out end. Amen. Alleluia. 

From Septtiagesima Su?iday to 
Maundy Thursday, instead of "Alle 
luia" is said: 

Ceaseless praise to Thee be given, 
O Eternal King of Heaven. 

Then is said the following : 

HYMN. 2 

OGOD, Who canst not change nor 
fail, 

Guiding the hours, as they roll by, 
Brightening with beams the morning 

pale, 
And burning in the mid-day sky ; 

Quench Thou the fires of hate and 

strife, 

The wasting fever of the heart ; 
From perils guard our feeble life, 
And to bur souls Thy peace impart. 

Grant this, O Father, Only Son, 
And Holy Spirit, God of grace, 
To Whom all glory, Three in One, 
Be given in every time and place. 

Amen. 

The last verse is sometimes said thus, 
altered in honour of the Incarnation : 

Hear, JESU, Virgin-born, our cry, 
W T ith Father and with Holy Ghost, 
To Whom be praise, here as on high, 
On earth as mid the Angelic Host. 

Amen. 



1 The proper hour for Sext is 12 noon. In Choirs it is generally said after the Com 
munity Mass. 

2 Another hymn of the Ambrosian school, with one word altered. Translation by the 
late Card. Newman. 



6o 



THE PSALTER. 



In Paschal time it is said thus, altered 
in honour of the Resurrection : 

To Thee, our Risen Lord, we cry, 
With Father and with Holy Ghost, 
To Whom be praise, here as on high, 
On earth as mid the Angelic Host. 

Amen. 

// is also occasionally otherwise al 
tered, which occasions are marked in 
their places. 

Then follow six sections of Psalm 
CXVIIL They are all said under one 
Antiphon, and when Five Antiphons 
have been said at Lauds the third of 
these Five is the Antipho?i at Sext. 
Otherwise those given here are used. 

Ordinary Antiphon for Sundays 
and for every day in Paschal time. 
Alleluia. 

Ordinary Antiphonfor Week-days. 
Hold Thou me up. 

In Advent the Antiphon is the Third 
Antiphon which has been said at Lauds 
on Sunday, unless the day have a set of 
its ovvn. 

Antiphon in Lent. Let us ap 
prove ourselves. 

Antiphon in Passiontide. O My 
people. 



Continuation of Psalm CXVIIL 



MY soul fainteth for Thy salva 
tion : * but I hope in Thy 
word. 

Mine eyes fail for Thy word, * 
saying : When wilt Thou comfort 
me? 

For I am become like a wine 
skin in time of frost : * yet do I 
not forget Thy statutes. 



How many are the days of Thy 
servant ? * when wilt Thou execute 
judgment on them that persecute 
me? 

The wicked have spoken lies 
unto me, * which are not after Thy 
law. 

All Thy commandments are faith 
ful : * they persecute me wrongfully, 
help Thou me. 

They had almost consumed me 
upon earth : * but I forsook not 
Thy precepts. 

Quicken me after Thy loving- 
kindness : * so shall I keep the 
testimony of Thy mouth. 

Here the Doxology, " Glory be to the 
Father, &c.," is not said. 



ever, O LORD, * Thy word 
is settled in heaven. 

Thy faithfulness is unto all genera 
tions : * Thou hast established the 
earth, and it abideth. 

The day continueth by Thine 
ordinance : * for all things serve 
Thee. 

Unless Thy law had been my 
delight, * then perchance I should 
have perished in mine affliction. 

I will never forget Thy precepts : 
* for with them Thou hast quick 
ened me. 

I am Thine, save me : * for I 
have sought Thy precepts. 

The wicked have waited for me, 
to destroy me : * but I considered 
Thy testimonies. 

I have seen an end of all perfec 
tion : * but Thy commandment is 
exceeding broad. 



1 Here begins the letter Caph, a guttural variously represented by C, Q, Ch, &c. 

2 Here begins the letter Lamed, answering to L. 



SEXT, OR THE SIXTH HOUR. 



61 



Continuation of the same Psalm. 



HOW I love Thy law, O Lord ! 
* it is my meditation all the 



O 

day. 

Thou, through Thy command 
ments, hast made me wiser than 
mine enemies : * for they are ever 
with me. 

I have more understanding than 
all my teachers : * for Thy testi 
monies are my meditation. 

I understand more than the an 
cients, * because I keep Thy pre 
cepts. 

I have refrained my feet from 
every evil way ; * that I might keep 
Thy word. 

I have not departed from Thy 
judgments : * for Thou hast taught 
me. 

How sweet are Thy words unto 
my taste ! * yea, sweeter than honey 
to my mouth. 

Through Thy precepts I get un 
derstanding : * therefore I hate every 
false way. 

Here the Doxology, " Glory be to the 
Father, &c.," is not said. 



" I ^HY word is a lamp unto my feet, 
^ * and a light unto my path. 

I have sworn, and am stedfastly 
purposed, * to keep Thy righteous 
judgments. 

I am afflicted very much, O 
LORD : * quicken me according to 
Thy word. 

Accept, I beseech Thee, the free 



will offerings of my mouth, O LORD : 
* and teach me Thy judgments. 

My soul is continually in mine 
hand : * yet do I not forget Thy law. 

The wicked have laid a snare for 
me : * yet I erred not from Thy 
precepts. 

Thy testimonies have I taken as 
an heritage for ever : * for they are 
the rejoicing of mine heart. 

I have inclined mine heart to 
perform Thy statutes always, * be 
cause of the reward. 



Contimiation of the same Psalm. 



T HATE the unrighteous : * but 
-* Thy law do I love. 

Thou art mine Helper and my 
Protector : * and in Thy word do 
I hope. 

Depart from me, ye evil-doers : 
* for I will keep the commandments 
of my God. 

Uphold me according to Thy 
word, and I shall live : * and let me 
not be ashamed of mine hope. 

Hold Thou me up and I shall be 
safe : * and I will have respect unto 
Thy statutes continually. 

Thou hast trodden down all them 
that err from Thy statutes : * for 
their thought is falsehood. 

I hold all the wicked of the earth 
as liars : * therefore I love Thy 
testimonies. 

Make Thou my flesh to tremble 
for fear of Thee : * for I am afraid 
of Thy judgments. 

Here the Doxology, " Glory be to the 
Father, &c.," is not said. 



1 Here begins the letter Mem, answering to M. 

2 Here begins the letter Nun, answering to N. 

3 Here begins the letter Samech, somewhat represented by S. 



62 



THE PSALTER. 



I 



HAVE done judgment and jus 
tice : * leave me not to mine 
oppressors. 

Be surety for Thy servant for 
good : * let not the proud oppress 
me. 

Mine eyes fail for Thy salva 
tion, * and for the word of Thy 
righteousness. 

Deal with Thy servant according 
unto Thy mercy : * and teach me 
Thy statutes. 

I am Thy servant : * give me un 
derstanding, that I may know Thy 
testimonies. 

It is time for Thee, LORD, to work : 
* they have made void Thy law. 

Therefore I love Thy command 
ments * above gold and the topaz 
stone. 

Therefore did I turn to all Thy 
commandments : * I hate every 
false way. 

Ordinary Antiphon for Sunday. 
Alleluia, Alleluia, Alleluia. 

Antiphon for every day in Paschal 
time. Alleluia, Alleluia, Alleluia, 
Alleluia. 

Ordinary Antiphon for Week-days. 
2 Hold Thou me up, O Lord, and I 
shall be safe. 

In Advent the Antiphon is the Third 
Antiphon which has been said at Lauds 
on Sunday, unless the day have a set of 
its own. 

Antiphon in Lent. Let us ap 
prove ourselves in much patience, in 
much fasting, by the armour of 
righteousness. 



Antiphon in Passiontide. 3 O My 
people, what have I done unto thee, 
and wherein have I wearied thee ? 
Testify against Me. 

Then follows the Chapter and the 
Short Responsory. When they are not 
given specially, one of the following is 
used. After the Chapter is always an 
swered, " Thanks be to God." 

On Sundays, from the Third Sunday 
after the Epiphany inclusive until Sep- 
tuagesima Sunday exclusive, and from 
the Fotirth Swiday after Pentecost in 
clusive until Advent Sunday exclusive, 
are said the following, and the Re 
sponsory is used moreover tintil the 
First Sunday in Lent, exclusive. 

CHAPTER. (Gal. vi. 2.) 

"DEAR ye one another s burdens, 
*~* and so shall ye fulfil the law 
of Christ. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

Short Responsory. 

4 For ever, O LORD, Thy word is 
settled [in heaven]. 

Ansiver. For ever, O LORD, Thy 
word is settled [in heaven]. 

Verse. Thy faithfulness is unto 
all generations. 

Answer. Thy word is settled [in 
heaven]. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer. For ever, O LORD, Thy 
word is settled [in heaven]. 

Verse. 5 The LORD is my Shep 
herd, I shall not want. 

Answer. He maketh me to lie 
down in green pastures. 



1 Here begins the letter Ayin, or Chain, as to the sound of which the learned are not 
agreed. 

2 Ps. cxviii. 117. 3 Micah vi. 3. 4 Ps. cxviii. 89. 5 Ps. xxii. i, 2. 



SEXT, OR THE SIXTH HOUR. 



On ordinary Week-days throughoict 
the year are said the following : 

CHAPTER. (Gal. vi. 2.) 

"DEAR ye one another s burdens, 
J- and so shall ye fulfil the law 
of Christ. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

Short Responsory. 

1 1 will bless the LORD at all 
times. 

Answer. I will bless the LORD 
at all times. 

Verse. His praise shall continu 
ally be in my mouth. 

Answer. At all times. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer. I will bless the LORD 
at all times. 

Verse. The LORD is my Shep 
herd, I shall not want. 

Ansiver. He maketh me to lie 
down in green pastures. 

In Advent are said the following (but 
the Chapter on Week-days only) : 

CHAPTER. (Jerem. xxxiii. 16.) 

TN those days shall Judah be 
* saved, and Israel shall dwell 
safely : and this is the name where 
by she shall be called, The LORD 
our Righteousness. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

Short Responsory. 

2 Show us Thy mercy, O LORD. 

Answer. Show us Thy mercy, O 
LORD. 

Verse. And grant us Thy sal 
vation. 

Answer. Thy mercy, O LORD. 

1 Ps. xxxiii. 2. 2 Ps. Ixxxiv. 8. 



Verse. Glory be to the Father, and 
to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost. 

Answer. Show us Thy mercy, O 
LORD. 

Verse. 8 Remember us, O LORD, 
with the favour that Thou bearest 
unto Thy people. 

Answer. O visit us with Thy 
salvation. 

In Lent are said the. following (but 
the Chapter on Week-days only) : 

CHAPTER. (Isa. lv. 7.) 

T ET the wicked forsake his way, 
*~* and the unrighteous man his 
thoughts, and let him return unto 
the LORD, and He will have mercy 
upon him ; and to our God, for He 
will abundantly pardon. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

Short Responsory. 

4 He shall cover thee with His 
wings. 

Answer. He shall cover thee 
with His wings. 

Verse. And under His feathers 
shalt thou trust. 

Ansiver. With His wings. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, and 
to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost. 

Ansiver. He shall cover thee 
with His wings. 

Verse. His truth shall be thy 
shield. 

Answer. Thou shalt not be 
afraid for the terror by night. 

hi Passiontide are said the following 
(but the Chapter on Week-days only) : 

CHAPTER. (Jerem. xvii. 18.) 

T ET them be confounded that per- 
*-* secute me, but let not me be 

confounded ; let them be dismayed, 



Ps. cv. 4. 



4 Ps. xc. 4. 



6 4 



THE PSALTER. 



but let not me be dismayed ; bring 
upon them the day of evil, and de 
stroy them with double destruction, 
O Lord our God. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

Short Responsory. 

1 O Lord, save me from the lion s 
mouth. 

Answer. O Lord, save me from 
the lion s mouth. 

Verse. And mine affliction from 
the horns of the unicorns. 

Answer. From the lion s mouth, 
O Lord, save me from the lion s 
mouth. 

Verse. 2 Make not my soul to 
perish with sinners, O God. 

Answer. Nor my life with bloody 
men. 



In Paschal time are said the follow 
ing (but the Chapter on Week-days 
only] : 

CHAPTER, (i Cor. xv. 20.) 

~\JOW is Christ risen from the 
-* ^ dead, the first-fruits of them 
that sleep ; for since by man came 
death, by man came also the res 
urrection of the dead. For as in 
Adam all die, even so in Christ 
shall all be made alive. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

Short Responsory. 

The Lord is risen indeed, Alleluia, 
Alleluia. 

Answer. The Lord is risen in 
deed, Alleluia. 

Verse. And hath appeared to 
Simon. 

Answer. Alleluia, Alleluia. 



Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer. The Lord is risen in 
deed, Alleluia, Alleluia. 

Verse. 3 The disciples were glad, 
Alleluia. 

Answer. When they saw the 
Lord, Alleluia. 

After the Short Responsory, if the 
Preces have been said at Lauds all kneel 
down and the following are said, but if 
the Preces have been omitted at Lauds 
then these are also omitted, down to the 
mark *. 

Kyrie eleison. 

Answer. Christe eleison. 

Kyrie eleison. 

OUR Father (inaudibly\ Who art 
in heaven, Hallowed be Thy 
Name. Thy kingdom come. Thy 
will be done on earth, as it is in 
heaven. Give us this day our daily 
bread. And forgive us our tres 
passes, as we forgive them that tres 
pass against us. (Aloud?) 

Verse. And lead us not into 
temptation. 

Answer. But deliver us from 
evil. 

Verse. Turn us again, O Lord 
God of hosts ! 

Answer. And cause Thy face to 
shine, and we shall be saved. 

Verse. Arise, O Christ, and help 
us. 

Answer. And deliver us for Thy 
Name s sake. 

Here the Office is continued when the 
above has been omitted. 



* Verse. 
Lord. 



Hear my prayer, O 



Ps. xxi. 22. 



2 Ps. xxv. 9. 



John xx. 2O. 



SEXT, OR THE SIXTH HOUR. 






Answer. And let my cry come 
unto Thee. 

Let us pray. 

Here is said the Prayer for the day, 
after which : 

Verse. Hear my prayer, O Lord. 
Answer. And let my cry come 
unto Thee. 

Verse. Bless we the Lord. 
Answer. Thanks be to God. 

If the Little Office of the Blessed Vir 
gin Mary is to follow immediately, it 
is begun here, and what follows is not 
said. Otherwise the Office ends thus : 

Verse (said in a somewhat lower 
May the souls of the Faithful, 
through the mercy of God, rest in 
peace. 

Answer. Amen. 



Lastly*, unless None follow, the Lord s 
Prayer is said inaudibly. 



Father, Who art in heaven, 
Hallowed be Thy Name. 
Thy kingdom come. Thy will be 
done on earth, as it is in heaven. 
Give us this day our daily bread. 
And forgive us our trespasses, as we 
forgive them that trespass against us. 
And lead us not into temptation ; 
but deliver us from evil. Amen. 

Note. When Office is said in Choir 
the Service is ended with the Antiphon 
of the Blessed Virgin Mary every time 
the Choir is left. Otherwise it is only 
said as given in this book, at the end of 
Lauds (or the aggregation of which 
Lauds forms a part} and Compline. 

Feasts. The above Office, appointed 
for all Sundays and Week-days through 
out the year, is likewise said on all 
Feasts. 



VOL. in. 



66 



NONE, OR THE NINTH HOUR. 1 



JRce for eberg tiag in tyt 
SEeeft. 

At the beginning of None the Lord s 
Prayer and the Angelic Salutation are 
said inaudibly. 

OUR Father, Who art in heaven, 
Hallowed be Thy Name. 
Thy kingdom come. Thy will be 
done on earth, as it is in heaven. 
Give us this day our daily bread. 
And forgive us our trespasses, as we 
forgive them that trespass against us. 
And lead us not into temptation ; 
but deliver us from evil. Amen. 

HAIL, Mary, full of grace ; The 
Lord is with thee : blessed 
art thou among women, and blessed 
is the fruit of thy womb, JESUS. 

Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray 
for us sinners, now, and at the hour 
of our death. Amen. 

Then is said aloud : 

Verse. *%* Make haste, O God, 
to deliver me. 

Answer. Make haste to help me, 
O LORD. 

Glory be to the Father, and to the 
Son, and to the Holy Ghost. 



As it was in the beginning, is now, 
and ever shall be, world without end. 
Amen. Alleluia. 



From Septuagesima Sunday to 
Maundy Thursday instead of "Alle 
luia" is said: 

Ceaseless praise to Thee be given, 
O Eternal King of heaven. 



HYMN. 2 

OGOD, Unchangeable and True, 
Of all the Light and Power, 
Dispensing light in silence through 
Every successive hour ; 

Lord, brighten our declining day, 

That it may never wane, 
Till death, when all things round decay, 

Brings back the morn again. 

This grace on Thy redeemed confer, 

Father, Co-equal Son, 
And Holy Ghost, the Comforter, 

Eternal Three in One. 

Amen. 



The last verse is sometimes said thus, 
altered in honour of the Incarnation : 

JESU, the Virgin-born, to Thee, 

Eternal praise be given, 
With Father, Spirit, One and Three, 

Here as it is in heaven. 

Amen. 



1 The proper hour for None is 3 P.M., but in Choirs it varies. 

2 Another hymn of the Ambrosian school, with one word altered, 
late Card. Newman. 



Translation by the 



NONE, OR THE NINTH HOUR. 



In Paschal time it is said thus, al 
tered in honour of the Resurrection : 

To Father, Son, and Paraclete, 

The slain and risen Son, 
Be praise and glory, as is meet, 

While endless ages run. 

Amen. 

// is also occasionally otherwise al 
tered, which occasions are marked in 
their places. 

Then follow six sections of Psalm 
C XVI II. They are all said under one 
Antiphon, and when Five Antiphons 
have been said at Lauds, the Fifth of 
these Five is the Antiphon at None. 
Otherwise those given here are used. 

Ordinary Antiphon for Sundays 
and for every day in Paschal time. 
Alleluia. 

Ordinary Antiphon for Week-days. 
Look Thou upon me. 

In Advent the Antiphon is the Fifth 
Antiphon which has been said at Lauds 
on Sunday, unless the day have a set of 
its own. 

Antiphon for Week-days in Lent. 
Let us approve ourselves. 

Antiphon for Week-days in Pas- 
siontide. Did not they reward me 
evil for good ? 

Continuation of Psalm CXVIII. 

a 1 

PHY testimonies are wonderful : 
* therefore doth my soul keep 
them. 

The unfolding of Thy words 
giveth light : * yea, it giveth under 
standing unto the simple. 

I opened my mouth and panted : 
* for I longed for Thy command 
ments. 



Look Thou upon me, and be 
merciful unto me, * as Thou usest 
to do unto those that love Thy 
Name. 

Order my steps in Thy word : * 
and let not any iniquity have do 
minion over me. 

Deliver me from the oppression 
of man : * and I will keep Thy 
precepts. 

Make Thy face to shine upon 
Thy servant : * and teach me Thy 
statutes. 

Rivers of water run down mine 
eyes : * because they keep not Thy 
law. 

The Doxology, " Glory be to the 
Father, &c.," is not said. 



T3IGHTEOUS art Thou, O 
^^ LORD : * and upright are 
Thy judgments. 

Thy testimonies that Thou hast 
commanded are righteous, * and 
very faithful. 

My zeal hath consumed me, * 
because mine enemies have for 
gotten Thy words. 

Thy word is tried to the utter 
most : * and Thy servant loveth it. 

I am small and despised : * yet 
do I not forget Thy precepts. 

Thy righteousness is an ever 
lasting righteousness : * and Thy 
law is the truth. 

Trouble and anguish have taken 
hold upon me : * Thy command 
ments are my delight. 

The righteousness of Thy testi 
monies is everlasting : * give me 
understanding, and I shall live. 



1 Here begins the letter Pe, represented by P. Ph. F. 

2 Here begins the letter Tzade, represented by Tz or Ts. 



68 



THE PSALTER. 



Continuation of the same Psalm. 



P 1 



T CRIED with my whole heart, 
* hear me, O LORD : * I will 
keep Thy statutes. 

I cried unto Thee, save me : * 
and I will keep Thy command 
ments. 

Before the dawning of the morn 
ing, I cried : * for I hoped in Thy 
word. 

Mine eyes look up to Thee 
early : * that I may meditate in 
Thy word. 

Hear my voice according unto 
Thy loving-kindness, O LORD : * 
and quicken me according to Thy 
judgment. 

They that persecute me draw nigh 
to sin : but are far from Thy 
law. 

Thou art near, O LORD : * and 
all Thy ways are truth. 

Concerning Thy testimonies I 
have known of old : * that Thou 
hast founded them for ever. 

The Doxology, " Glory be to the 
Father, &c.," is not said. 



/CONSIDER mine affliction, and 
^ deliver me : * for I do not 
forget Thy law. 

Give judgment concerning me, 
and deliver me : * quicken me for 
the sake of Thy word. 

Salvation is far from the wicked : 
* for they seek not Thy statutes. 

Great are Thy tender mercies, O 



LORD : * quicken me according to 
Thy judgments. 

Many are my persecutors, and 
mine enemies : * yet do I not turn 
aside from Thy testimonies. 

I beheld the transgressors, and 
was grieved : * because they kept 
not Thy word. 

Consider how I love Thy pre 
cepts, O LORD : * quicken me 
according to Thy loving-kindness. 

Thy word is true from the be 
ginning : * and every one of Thy 
righteous judgments endureth for 
ever. 

Continuation of the same Psalm. 



PRINCES have persecuted me 

without a cause: * but mine 

heart standeth in awe of Thy word. 

I will rejoice at Thy word, * as 
one that findeth great spoil. 

I hate and abhor wickedness : * 
but Thy law do I love. 

Seven times a day do I praise 
Thee, * because of Thy righteous 
judgments. 

Great peace have they that love 
Thy law : * and for them there are 
no stumbling-blocks. 

LORD, I hope for Thy salvation : 

* and I love Thy commandments. 
My soul hath kept Thy testimonies, 

* and loved them exceedingly. 

I have kept Thy precepts and 
Thy testimonies ; * for all my ways 
are before Thee. 

The Doxology, " Glory be to the 
Father, &c.," is not said. 



1 Here begins the letter Koph, generally represented by Ch or Q. 

2 Here begins the letter Resh, analogous to R, but concerning the precise sound of 
which the learned are not agreed. 

3 Here begins the letter Shin, somewhat represented by S and Sh. 



NONE, OR THE NINTH HOUR. 



6 9 



M 1 

T ET my cry come near before 
" Thee, O LORD: * give me 
understanding according to Thy 
word. 

Let my supplication come before 
Thee: * deliver me according to 
Thy word. 

My lips shall utter praise, * 
when Thou hast taught me Thy 
statutes. 

My tongue shall speak of Thy 
word : * for all Thy commandments 
are righteousness. 

Let Thine hand help me : * for I 
have chosen Thy precepts. 

I have longed for Thy salvation, 

LORD : * and Thy law is my de 
light. 

My soul shall live, and it shall 
praise Thee : * and Thy judgments 
shall help me. 

I have gone astray like a lost 
sheep : * seek Thy servant : for 

1 do not forget Thy command 
ments. 

Ordinary Antiphon for Sundays. 
Alleluia, Alleluia, Alleluia. 

Antiphon for every day in Paschal 
time. Alleluia, Alleluia, Alleluia, Al 
leluia. 

Ordinary Antiphon for Week-days. 

2 Look Thou upon me, O Lord, and 
be merciful unto me. 

In Advent the Antiphon is the Fifth 
Antiphon which has been said at Lauds 
on Sunday, unless the day have a set of 
its own. 

Antiphon for Week-days in Lent. 

3 Let us approve ourselves in much 



patience, by the armour of righteous 
ness, by the power of God. 

Antiphon for Week-days in Pas- 
siontide. 4 Did not they reward me 
evil for good ? for they digged a pit 
for my soul. 

Then follows the Chapter and the 
Short Resppnsory. When they are not 
given specially, one of the following is 
used. After the Chapter is always an 
swered: " Thanks be to God." 

On Sundays, from the Third Sunday 
after the Epiphany inclusive until Sep- 
tuagesima Sunday exclusive, and front 
the Third Sunday after Pentecost in 
clusive till Advent Sunday exclusive, 
are said the following, and the Respon- 
sory is used moreover till the First 
Sunday in Lent exclusive. 

CHAPTER, (i Cor. vi. 20.) 

T7OR ye are bought with a great 
price. Glorify God, and bear 
Him in your body. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

Short Responsory. 

5 1 cried with my whole heart, 
hear me, O LORD. 

Answer. I cried with my whole 
heart, hear me, O LORD. 

Verse. I will keep Thy statutes. 

Answer. Hear me, O LORD. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer. I cried with my whole 
heart, hear me, O LORD. 

Verse. 6 Cleanse Thou me from 
secret faults, O Lord. 

Answer. Preserve Thy servant 
also from the sins of others. 



1 Here begins the letter Tau, corresponding somewhat to T or Th. 

2 Ps. cxviii. 132. 3 2 Cor. vi. 4, 7. 

5 Ps. cxviii. 145. 6 Ps. xviii. 13, 14. 



4 Jer. xviii. 20. 



THE PSALTER. 



On ordinary Week-days throughout 
the year are said the following: 

CHAPTER, (i Cor. vi. 20.) 

R ye are bought with a great 
price. Glorify God, and bear 
Him in your body. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

Short Responsory. 

1 Redeem me, O Lord, and be 
merciful unto me. 

Answer. Redeem me, O Lord, 
and be merciful unto me. 

Verse. For my foot standeth in 
uprightness. 

Answer. And be merciful unto 
me. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer. Redeem me, O Lord, 
and be merciful unto me. 

Verse. Cleanse Thou me from 
secret faults, O Lord. 

Answer. Preserve Thy servant 
also from the sins of others. 



In Advent are said the following (but 
the Chapter on Week-days only) : 

CHAPTER. (Isa. xiv. i.) 

TTER time is near to come, and 
* * her days shall not be pro 
longed. For the LORD will have 
mercy on Jacob, and Israel shall be 
saved. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

Short Responsory. 

2 The LORD shall arise upon thee, 
O Jerusalem. 



Answer. The LORD shall arise 
upon thee, O Jerusalem. 

Verse. And His glory shall be 
seen upon thee. 

Answer. Upon thee, O Jerusalem. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer. The LORD shall arise 
upon thee, O Jerusalem. 

Verse. Come, O Lord, and make 
no tarrying. 

Answer. Pardon the sins of Thy 
people. 



In Lent are said the following (but 
the Chapter on Week-days only) : 

CHAPTER. (Isa. Iviii. 7.) 

DEAL thy bread to the hungry, 
and bring the poor that are 
cast out to thine house : when thou 
seest the naked, cover him, and 
hide not thyself from thine own 
flesh. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

Short Responsory. 

His truth shall be thy shield. 

Answer. His truth shall be thy 
shield. 

Verse. Thou shalt not be afraid 
for the terror by night. 

Answer. Thy shield. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer. His truth shall be thy 
shield. 

Verse. 3 God hath given His 
angels charge over thee. 

Answer. To keep thee in all thy 
ways. 



1 Ps. xxv. II, 12. 



2 Isa. Ix. 2. 



3 Ps. xc. ii. 



NONE, OR THE NINTH HOUR. 



In Passiontide are said the following 
(but the Chapter on Week-days only} : 

CHAPTER. (Jer. xviii. 20.) 

13 EMEMBER that I stood before 
**V Thee, to speak good for them, 

and to turn away Thy wrath from 

them. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

Short Responsory. 

1 Make not my soul to perish with 
sinners, O God. 

Answer. Make not my soul to 
perish with sinners, O God. 

Verse. Nor my life with bloody 
men. 

Answer. With sinners, O God. 
Make not my soul to perish with 
sinners, O God. 

Verse. 2 Deliver me, O LORD, 
from the evil man. 

Ansiver. Preserve me from the 
wicked man. 

In Paschal time are said the follow 
ing (but the Chapter on Week-days only]: 

CHAPTER, (i Pet. iii. 18.) 

CHRIST hath once suffered for 
our sins, the Just for the un 
just, that He might bring us to God, 
being put to death in the flesh, but 
quickened by the Spirit. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

Short Responsory. 

3 The disciples were glad. Al 
leluia, Alleluia. 

Answer. The disciples were glad. 
Alleluia, Alleluia. 

Verse. When they saw the Lord. 

Answer. Alleluia, Alleluia. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 



and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer. The disciples were glad. 
Alleluia, Alleluia. 

Verse. 4 Abide with us, Lord. 
Alleluia. 

Answer. For it is toward even 
ing. Alleluia. 

After the Short Responsory, if the 
Preces have been said at Lands, all 
kneel down, and the following are said. 
But if the Preces have been omitted at 
Lauds, then these are also omitted down 
to the mark *. 

Kyrie eleison. 

Answer. Christe eleison. 

Kyrie eleison. 



Father (inaudibly), Who art 
in heaven, Hallowed be Thy 
Name. Thy kingdom come. Thy 
will be done on earth, as it is in 
heaven. Give us this day our daily 
bread. And forgive us our tres 
passes, as we forgive them that tres 
pass against us. (Aloud.) 

Verse. And lead us not into 
temptation. 

Answer. But deliver us from evil. 

Verse. Turn us again, O Lord 
God of hosts. 

Answer. And cause Thy face to 
shine, and we shall be saved. 

Verse. Arise, O Christ, and help 
us. 

Answer. And deliver us for Thy 
Name s sake. 

Here the Office is continued when the 
above has been omitted. 

* Verse. Hear my prayer, O 
LORD. 

Answer. And let my cry come 
unto Thee. 



1 Ps. xxv. 9. 



Ps. cxxxix. 2. 



John xv. 20. 



4 Luke xxiv. 29. 



THE PSALTER. 



Let us pray. 

Here is said the Prayer for the day, 
after which : 

Verse. Hear my prayer, O LORD. 
Answer. And let my cry come 
unto Thee. 

Verse. Bless we the Lord. 
Answer. Thanks be to God. 

If the Little Office of the Blessed Vir 
gin Mary is to follow immediately, it 
is begun here, and what follows is not 
said. Otherwise the Office ends thus : 

Verse (said in a somewhat lower 
voice}. May the souls of the Faithful, 
through the mercy of God, rest in 
peace. 

Answer. Amen. 

Lastly, unless Vespers follow, the 
Lord^s Prayer is said inaudibly. 



Father, Who art in heaven, 
Hallowed be Thy Name. 
Thy kingdom come. Thy will be 
done on earth, as it is in heaven. 
Give us this day our daily bread. 
And forgive us our trespasses, as we 
forgive them that trespass against 
us. And lead us not into temp 
tation ; but deliver us from evil. 
Amen. 

Note. When Office is said in Choir, 
the service is ended with the Antiphon 
of the Blessed Virgin Mary every time 
the Choir is left. Otherwise it is only 
said as given in this book, after Lauds 
(or the aggregation of which Lauds 
forms a parf) and Compline. 

Feasts. The above Office, appointed 
for all Sundays and Week-days throtigh- 
out the year, is likewise said on all 
Feasts. 



73 



at Jftattins. 

THE SECOND DAY OF THE WEEK. 



All as on Sundays, except as other 
wise given here. 

Invitatory. O come, * let us sing 
unto the LORD. 

When this Invitatory is used the 
Psalm begins with the words, " Let us 
make a joyful noise." 

Invitatory in Paschal time. Al 
leluia, Alleluia, * Alleluia. 

On Simple Feasts the Invitatory is 
special. 

On Simple Feasts the Hymn is special, 
but on Week-days kept as such the fol 
lowing is said from the Octave of the 
Epiphany till the first Monday in Lent, 
and from the Octave of Pentecost to Ad 
vent. The Hymns for the other seasons 
are given in the proper office of the 
Seasons. 

HYMN. 1 

CLEEP has refreshed our limbs, we 
P spring 

From off our bed, and rise ; 
Lord, on Thy suppliants while they 
sing, 

Look with a Father s eyes. 

Be Thou the first on every tongue, 

The first in every heart ; 
That all our doings all day long, 

Holiest ! from Thee may start. 

1 Another hymn of the Ambrosian school, 
late Card. Newman. 
VOL. III. 



Cleanse Thou the gloom, and bid the 

light 

Its healing beams renew ; 
The sins, which have crept in with 

night, 
With night shall vanish too. 

Our bosoms, Lord, unburthen Thou, 

Let nothing there offend ; 
That those who hymn Thy praises now 

May hymn them to the end. 

Grant this, O Father, Only Son, 

And Spirit, God of grace, 
To whom all worship shall be done 

In every time and place. 

Amen. 

Only one Nocturn is said. 

Antiphon. The LORD is the de 
fence. 

In Paschal time there is only one 
Antiphon to the whole Nocturn, Al 
leluia. 

Psalm XXVI. 

[Intituled Of David. " The Vulgate and 
the LXX. add "before his anointing." See 
2 Kings (Sam.) ii. 4. Monday, fifth week 
after Pentecost.] 

HHE LORD is my light and my 
** salvation ; * whom shall I 
fear? 

The LORD is the defence of my 
life : * of whom shall I be afraid ? 

with two words altered. Translation by the 
C 2 



74 



THE PSALTER. 



When the evil-doers come upon 
me, * to eat up my flesh, 

Mine enemies that trouble me, * 
they stumble and fall. 

Though an host should encamp 
against me, * mine heart shall not 
fear. 

Though war should rise against 
me, * in this will I be confident. 

One thing have I desired of the 
LORD, that will I seek after, * that 
I may dwell in the house of the 
LORD all the days of my life, 

To behold the beauty of the 
LORD, * and to visit His temple. 

For He hath hidden me in His 
pavilion : * in the secret of His 
tabernacle hath He hidden me in 
the day of trouble. 

He hath set me up upon a rock : 
* and now hath He lifted up mine 
head above mine enemies. 

I will offer in His tabernacle 
the sacrifice of joy : * I will sing, 
yea, I will sing praises unto the 
LORD. 

Hear, O LORD, when I cry with 
my voice : * have mercy on me and 
answer me. 

My heart said unto Thee, My 
face hath sought Thee : * Thy face, 
LORD, will I seek. 

Hide not Thy face far from 
me : * turn not away in anger from 
Thy servant. 

Be Thou mine Helper, * neither 
leave me, nor forsake me, O God of 
my salvation. 

When my father and my mother 
forsake me, * then the LORD taketh 
me up. 

Teach me Thy way, O LORD : * 
and lead me in a plain path, because 
of mine enemies. 

Deliver me not over unto the will 
of mine enemies : * for false wit 



nesses are risen up against me, and 
iniquity hath belied itself. 

I believe that I shall yet see the 
goodness of the LORD * in the land 
of the living. 

Wait on the LORD, be of good 
courage : * and thine heart shall be 
strengthened, wait, I say, on the 
LORD. 

Psalm XXVII. 
[Also intituled " Of David."] 

UNTO Thee will I cry, O LORD; 
my God, be not silent to me : 

* lest, if Thou be silent to me, I be 
come like them that go down into 
the pit. 

Hear the voice of my supplica 
tion, O Lord, when I cry unto Thee, 

* when I lift up mine hands toward 
Thine holy temple. 

Draw me not away with the wick 
ed : * and destroy me not with the 
workers of iniquity. 

Who speak peace with their 
neighbour : * but mischief is in 
their hearts. 

Give them according to their 
deeds, * and according to the wick 
edness of their inventions. 

Give them after the works of their 
hands : * render to them their desert. 

Because they regard not the works 
of the LORD, or the operation of His 
hands, * Thou shalt destroy them, 
and not build them up. 

Blessed be the LORD : * because 
He hath heard the voice of my 
supplication. 

The LORD is my strength and my 
shield : * mine heart trusted in Him 
and I am holpen. 

And my flesh greatly rejoiceth : * 
and with my whole heart I will 
praise Him. 



MONDAY AT MATTINS. 



75 



The LORD is the strength of His 
people : * and He is the saving 
strength of His Anointed. 

O Lord, save Thy people, and 
bless Thine inheritance : * and gov 
ern them, and lift them up for ever. 

Antiphon. l The LORD is the de 
fence of my life. 

Second Antiphon. Worship. 

Psalm XXVIII. 

[Intituled "A Psalm of David." The 
Vulgate and the LXX. add "for the going 
forth from the tabernacle, or ending of the 
tabernacle," apparently meaning the con 
clusion of the Feast of Tabernacles.] 

IVE unto the LORD, O ye sons 
of God : * give unto the 
Lord young rams. 

Give unto the LORD glory and 
honour, give unto the LORD the 
glory due unto His Name : * wor 
ship the LORD in His holy courts. 

The voice of the LORD is upon 
the waters, the God of glory thun- 
dereth : * the LORD is upon many 
waters. 

The voice of the LORD is power 
ful : * the voice of the LORD is full 
of majesty. 

The voice of the LORD breaketh 
the cedars : * yea, the LORD break 
eth the cedars of Lebanon. 

He smiteth them down as though 
it were a calf in Lebanon, * and the 
beloved [forest is felled] like a young 
wild bull. 2 

The voice of the LORD forketh 
the flames of fire : * the voice of 
the LORD shaketh the wilderness, 



yea, the LORD also shaketh the 
3 wilderness of Kadesh. 

The voice of the LORD maketh 
the hinds to calve, and discovereth 
the thickets : * and in His temple, 
every one uttereth His glory. 

The LORD fixeth the flood : * yea, 
the LORD sitteth King for ever. 

The LORD will give strength unto 
His people : * the LORD will bless 
His people with peace. 

Psalm XXIX. 

[Intituled "A song of rejoicing at the 
opening of the house of David." The pal 
ace, for the inauguration of which this song 
was written, is thus mentioned in 2. King s 
(Sam.) v. 9-i i. "So David dwelt in the 
fort" (on Sion) "and called it the city of 
David. And David built round about from 
Millo and inward. And David went on, 
and grew great ; and the LORD God of 
Hosts was with him. And Hiram, King of 
Tyre, sent messengers to David, and cedar- 
trees, and carpenters, and masons ; and they 
built David an house."] 

T WILL extol Thee, O LORD, for 
1 Thou hast lifted me up, * and 
hast not made my foes to rejoice 
over me. 

O LORD my God, I cried unto 
Thee, * and Thou hast healed me. 

O LORD, Thou hast brought up 
my soul from the grave : * Thou 
hast saved me from being one of 
them that go down into the pit. 

Sing unto the LORD, O ye Saints 
of His ! * and give thanks to the 
memorial of His holiness. 

For there is terror in His anger : 

* and in His favour is life. 
Weeping may endure for a night : 

* but joy cometh in the morning. 



1 Ps. xxvi. i. 

2 The Hebrew is, He also maketh them to skip like a calf, Lebanon and Shiryon " 
(oftener called Hermon) "like young wild cattle." 

3 That is, the deserts to the south of Palestine, amid which is found the town of 
Kadesh-Barnea. 



7 6 



THE PSALTER. 



And I, in my prosperity I said : 
I shall never be moved. 

LORD, in Thy favour, * Thou hast 
made my glory to stand so fast. 

Thou didst hide Thy face from 
me, * and I was troubled. 

I cried unto Thee, O LORD : * 
and unto my God I made supplica 
tion : 

What profit is there in my blood, 
* when I go down to corruption ? 

Shall the dust praise Thee, * or 
shall it declare Thy truth? 

The LORD heard me, and had 
mercy upon me : * the LORD be 
came mine Helper. 

Thou hast turned for me my 
mourning into rejoicing : Thou 
hast put off my sackcloth, and 
girded me with gladness. 

To the end that my glory may 
sing praise unto Thee, and may not 
be silent : * O LORD my God, I will 
give thanks unto Thee for ever. 

Antiphon. l Worship the LORD 
in His holy courts. 

Third Antiphon. Deliver me. 



Psalm XXX. 

[Intituled "A Psalm of David" with the 
same farther superscription as Pss. xii. xiii. 
The Vulgate and the LXX. add " of haste " 
or " distraction," meaning apparently that 
David wrote it, on recovering from the 
mental condition in which he had exclaimed 
(v. 23), " I am cut off from before Thine 
eyes. "] 

IN Thee, O LORD, do I put my 
trust, let me never be ashamed : 
* deliver me in Thy righteousness. 

Bow down Thine ear unto me : * 
deliver me speedily. 

Be Thou to me a God, a Pre 



server, and an house of defence, * 
to save me. 

For Thou art my strength and 
my refuge : * and for Thy Name s 
sake Thou wilt lead me and nourish 
me. 

Thou wilt pull me out of the net, 
that they have laid privily for me : * 
for Thou art my Preserver. 

2 Into Thine hands I commend my 
spirit : * Thou hast redeemed me, 
O LORD God of truth ! 

I have hated them that regard * 
lying vanities. 

But I trust in the LORD : * I will 
be glad and rejoice in Thy mercy. 

For Thou hast considered my 
trouble : * Thou hast saved my soul 
in adversity ; 

And hast not shut me up into the 
hand of the enemy : * Thou hast 
set my feet in a wide place. 

Have mercy upon me, O LORD, 
for I am in trouble: * mine eye is 
consumed with grief, my soul, and 
my belly. 

For my life is spent with grief, * 
and my years with sighing. 

My strength faileth because of 
mine affliction, * and my bones are 
consumed. 

I was a reproach among all mine 
enemies, and among my neighbours 
specially, * and a fear to mine ac 
quaintance. 

They that did see me without fled 
from me : * I am forgotten as a 
dead man out of mind. 

I am like a broken vessel : * for 
I have heard the slander of many 
on every side : 

When they took counsel together 
against me, * they devised to take 
away my life. 



1 Ps. xxviii. 2. 

2 This verse was quoted by our Lord on the Cross, Luke xxiii. 46. 



MONDAY AT MATTINS. 



77 



But I trusted in Thee, O LORD : 
* I said : Thou art my God, my 
lot is in Thine hand. 

Deliver me from the hand of 
mine enemies, * and from them that 
persecute me. 

Make Thy face to shine upon Thy 
servant, save me in Thy mercy : * 
let me not be ashamed, O LORD, for 
I have called upon Thee. 

Let the wicked be ashamed and 
let them go down into the grave : * 
let the lying lips be put to silence ; 

Which speak grievous things 
proudly and contemptuously * 
against the righteous. 

O how great is Thy goodness, 

Lord, * which Thou hast laid up 
for them that fear Thee ! 

Which Thou hast wrought for 
them that trust in Thee, * before 
the sons of men ! 

Thou shalt hide them in the 
covert of Thy presence * from the 
troubling of men. 

Thou shalt keep them secretly in 
Thy pavilion * from the strife of 
tongues. 

Blessed be the LORD : * for He 
hath showed me His marvellous 
kindness in a strong city. 

For I said in mine haste : * I 
am cut off from before Thine 
eyes. 

Nevertheless Thou heardest the 
voice of my supplication, * when 

1 cried unto Thee. 

O love the LORD, all ye His 
Saints : * for the LORD loveth truth 
fulness, and will plentifully reward 
the proud doers. 

Be of good courage and let your 
heart be strengthened, * all ye that 
hope in the LORD. 



Psalm XXXI. 
[Intituled "A didactic (?) poem of David."] 

1DLESSED are they whose trans- 
*-* gressions are forgiven, * and 
whose sins are covered. 

Blessed is the man unto whom 
the LORD imputeth not iniquity, * 
and in whose spirit there is no guile. 

Because I kept silence, my bones 
waxed old, * while I groaned all the 
day long. 

For day and night Thine hand was 
heavy upon me : * I turned in mine 
anguish while the thorn was fastened 
in me. 1 

I acknowledged my sin unto 
Thee : * and mine iniquity I hid 
not. 

I said : I will confess against 
myself my transgression, unto the 
LORD : * and Thou forgavest the 
iniquity of my sin. 1 

For this shall every one that is 
godly pray unto Thee, * in a season 
able time. 

Surely in the floods of great 
waters, * they shall not come nigh 
unto him. 

Thou art mine hiding-place from 
the trouble that compasseth me : * 
O Thou That art my joy ! deliver 
me from them that compass me 
round about. 1 

I will give thee understanding, 
and teach thee in the way which 
thou shalt go : * I will keep Mine 
eyes upon thee. 

Be ye not as the horse and as 
the mule, * which have no under 
standing. 

Whose mouths thou holdest fast 
with bit and bridle, * else they will 
not come unto thee. 



1 SLH. 



THE PSALTER. 



Many sorrows shall be to the 
wicked : * but he that trusteth in 
the LORD, mercy shall compass him 
about. 

Be glad in the LORD, and rejoice, 
ye righteous, * and shout for joy, 
all ye that are upright in heart. 

Antiphon. l Deliver me in Thy 
righteousness. 

Fourth Antiphon. Praise is comely. 

Psalm XXXII. 

[The Vulgate and the LXX. ascribe this 
psalm " to David."] 

13 EJOICE in the LORD, O ye 
*^ righteous : * praise is comely 
for the upright. 

Praise the LORD with harp : * 
sing unto Him with the psaltery 
of ten strings. 

Sing unto Him a new song : * 
play skilfully unto Him with a loud 
noise. 

For the word of the LORD is 
right : * and all His works are done 
in truth. 

He loveth mercy and judgment : * 
the earth is full of the goodness of 
the LORD. 

By the word of the LORD were 
the heavens made, * and all the 
host of them by the breath of His 
mouth. 

He gathereth the waters of the 
sea together as an heap : * He lay- 
eth up the depths in storehouses. 

Let all the earth fear the LORD : 

* let all the inhabitants of the world 
stand in awe of Him. 

For He spake, and it was done : 

* He commanded, and it was made. 
The LORD bringeth the counsel 



of the heathen to nought : * He 
maketh the devices of the people of 
none effect, and setteth aside the 
counsel of princes. 

But the counsel of the LORD 
standeth for ever, * the thoughts of 
His heart to all generations. 

Blessed is the nation whose God 
is the LORD, * the people He hath 
chosen for His own inheritance. 

The LORD looketh from heaven : 

* He beholdeth all the sons of men. 
From the set place of His habi 
tation * He looketh upon all the 
inhabitants of the earth. 

He fashioneth the heart of every 
one of them : * He considereth all 
their works. 

There is no king saved by the mul 
titude of an host: * a mighty man is 
not delivered by much strength. 

An horse is a vain thing for safety : 

* by his great strength he shall not 
escape. 

Behold, the eyes of the LORD are 
upon them that fear Him, * and 
upon them that hope in His mercy. 

To deliver their soul from death, 

* and to feed them in time of famine. 

Our soul waiteth for the LORD : * 
for He is our help and our shield. 
For our heart shall rejoice in Him : 

* because we have trusted in His 
holy Name. 

Let Thy mercy, O LORD, be upon 
us, * according as we hope in Thee. 

Psalm XXXI 1 1. 

[Intituled "Of David, when he changed 
his behaviour before Abimelech, who drove 
him away and he departed." This incident 
is thus described in I Kings (Sam.) xxi. 10. 
" And David arose and fled that day for fear 
of Saul, and went to Achish" (otherwise 
called Abimelech) the King of Gath. And 



1 Ps. xxx. 2. 



MONDAY AT MATTINS. 



79 



the servants of Achish said unto him : Is 
not this David the King of the land ? Did 
they not sing one to another of him in 
dances saying, Saul hath slain his thou 
sands, and David his ten thousands ? And 
David laid up these words in his heart, and 
was sore afraid of Achish the King of Gath. 
And he changed his behaviour before them, 
and feigned himself mad in their hands, 
and scrabbled on the doors of the gate, and 
let his spittle fall down upon his beard. 
Then said Achish to his servants : Lo, ye 
see the man is mad ; wherefore have you 
brought him to me ? Have I need of mad 
men, that ye have brought this fellow to 
play the madman in my presence? Shall 
this fellow come into mine house ? xxii. 
David therefore departed thence, and es 
caped to the cave of Adullam." This Psalm 
is A B C Darian.] 

T WILL bless the LORD at all 
* times : * His praise shall con 
tinually be in my mouth. 

My soul shall make her boast in 
the LORD : * the humble shall hear 
thereof, and be glad. 

magnify the LORD with me : * 
and let us exalt His Name together. 

1 sought the LORD, and He heard 
me, * and delivered me from all my 
distress. 

Draw near unto Him, and be light 
ened, * and your faces shall not be 
ashamed. 

This poor man cried, and the 
LORD heard him, * and saved him 
out of all his troubles. 

The angel of the LORD encampeth 
round about them that fear Him, * 
and delivereth them. 

O taste and see that the LORD is 
good : * blessed is the man that 
trusteth in Him. 

O fear the LORD, all ye His Saints : 

* for there is no want to them that 
fear Him. 

The mighty lack and suffer hunger : 

* but they that seek the LORD shall 
not want any good thing. 



Come, ye children, hearken unto 
me : * I will teach you the fear of 
the LORD. 

What man is he that desireth life, 

* that loveth to see good days ? 
Keep thy tongue from evil, * and 

thy lips from speaking guile. 

Depart from evil and do good : * 
seek peace and pursue it. 

The eyes of the LORD are upon 
the righteous : * and His ears are 
open unto their cry. 

But the face of the LORD is against 
them that do evil, * to cut off the 
remembrance of them from the earth. 

The righteous cry and the LORD 
heareth, * and delivereth them out 
of all their troubles. 

The LORD is nigh unto them that 
are of a broken heart, * and saveth 
such as be of a contrite spirit. 

Many are the afflictions of the 
righteous : * but the LORD will de 
liver them out of all. 

The Lord keepeth all their bones : 

* not one of them shall be broken. 
The death of sinners is grievous : 

* and they that hate the righteous 
shall be guilty. 

The LORD redeemeth the souls of 
His servants : * and none of them 
that trust in Him shall be guilty. 

Antiphon. l Praise is comely for 
the upright. 

Fifth Antiphon. Fight against 
them. 

Psalm XXXIV. 
[Intituled " Of David."] 

me right, O LORD, against 
them that strive with me : * 
fight against them that fight against 
me. 



Ps. xxxii. I. 



8o 



THE PSALTER. 



Take hold of arms and buckler : * 
and stand up for mine help. 

Draw out also the spear, and stop 
the way against them that persecute 
me : * say unto my soul : I am thy 
salvation. 

Let them be confounded and put 
to shame, * that seek after my soul. 

Let them be turned backward and 
brought to confusion, * that devise 
mine hurt. 

Let them be as dust before the 
wind : * and let the Angel of the 
LORD drive them. 

Let their way be dark and slip 
pery : * and let the Angel of the 
LORD chase them. 

For without cause have they hid 
den for me the deadly trap of their 
net : * without cause have they 
digged a pit for my soul. 

Let the snare come upon him at 
unawares, and let his net, that he 
hath hid, catch himself: * and into 
that very snare let him fall. 

And my soul shall be joyful in 
the LORD : * it shall rejoice in His 
salvation. 

All my bones shall say : * LORD, 
who is like unto Thee ? 

Who deliverest the poor from 
them that are too strong for him, * 
the poor and the needy from them 
that spoil him? 

False witnesses did rise up, * they 
laid to my charge things that I knew 
not. 

They rewarded me evil for good, 

* to put all men far off from me. 
But as for me, when they were 

sick, * my clothing was sackcloth. 
I humbled my soul with fasting : 

* and my prayer shall return into 
mine own bosom. 

I behaved myself as though he 
1 (Literally,) " 



had been my friend or brother : * I 
bowed down as one that mourneth 
and is heavy. 

But against me they rejoiced and 
gathered themselves together : * 
slanders were collected against me, 
and I knew it not. 

They disappeared, yet they ceased 
not ; they assailed me, they laughed 
me bitterly to scorn : * they gnashed 
upon me with their teeth. 

Lord, how long wilt Thou look 
on? * Rescue my soul from their 
destruction, my darling l from the 
lions. 

I will give Thee thanks in the 
great congregation : * I will praise 
Thee among much people. 

Let not them that are mine ene 
mies wrongfully rejoice over me, * 
they that hate me without a cause 
and wink with the eye. 

For they spoke to me peaceably : 
* but by their leasing they stirred 
up the land to anger against me, yea, 
they plotted against me. 

Yea, they opened their mouth 
wide against me : * they said, Aha, 
Aha, our eyes have seen it. 

This Thou hast seen, O LORD, 
keep not silence : * O Lord, be not 
far from me. 

Stir up Thyself, and awake to my 
judgment, * unto my cause, my God 
and my Lord. 

Judge me, O LORD my God, 
according to Thy righteousness, * 
and let them not rejoice over me. 

Let them not say in their hearts : 
Aha, Aha, so would we have it ; * 
neither let them say : We have 
swallowed him up. 

Let them be ashamed and brought 
to confusion together, * that rejoice 
at mine hurt, 
mine only one." 



MONDAY AT MATTINS. 



81 



Let them be clothed with shame 
and dishonour, * that magnify them 
selves against me. 

Let them shout fof joy and be 
glad, that favour my righteous cause : 
* and let them that have pleasure 
in the prosperity of His servant 
say continually, Let the LORD be 
magnified. 

And my tongue shall speak of 
Thy righteousness ; * of Thy praise, 
all the day long. 

Psalm XXXV. 

[Intituled " Of David, the servant of the 
LORD," and a farther superscription not 
now understood.] 

r I ^HE wicked saith plainly in his 
* own heart, that he will go on 
still in sin : * there is no fear of 
God before his eyes. 

For he flattereth himself in his 
own eyes, ** until his iniquity be 
found hateful. 

The words of his mouth are ini 
quity and deceit : * he willeth not 
to understand, that he may do 
good. 

He deviseth mischief upon his 
bed : * he setteth himself in every 
way that is not good, but he ab- 
horreth not evil. 

Thy mercy, O LORD, is in the 
heavens : * and Thy faithfulness 
reacheth unto the clouds. 

Thy righteousness is like the 
mountains of God : * Thy judg 
ments are a great deep. 

O LORD, Thou preservest man 
and beast : * How excellent is Thy 
loving-kindness, O God ! 

And the children of men * shall 
put their trust under the shadow of 
Thy wings. 



They shall be abundantly satisfied 
with the fatness of Thine house, * and 
Thou shalt make them drink of the 
river of Thy pleasures. 

For with Thee is the fountain of 
life : * and in Thy light shall we see 
light. 

O continue Thy loving-kindness 
unto them that know Thee, * and 
Thy righteousness to the upright in 
heart. 

Let not the foot of pride come 
against me : * and let not the hand 
of the wicked remove me. 

There are the workers of iniquity 
fallen : * they are cast out, neither 
are they able to stand. 

Antiphon. 1 Fight against them 
that fight against me. 
Sixth Antiphon. Show. 

Psalm XXXVI. 

[Intituled "Of David." It is A B C 
Darian ; the first, third, and fifth verses, and 
so on, begin with the corresponding letters 
of the alphabet.] 

T7RET not thyself because of the 
evil-doers : * neither be thou 
envious against the workers of 
iniquity. 

For they shall soon dry up like 
the grass, * and wither quickly as 
the green herb. 

Trust in the LORD, and do good : 
* and dwell in the land, and thou 
shalt be fed with the riches thereof. 

Delight thyself in the LORD : * 
and He shall give thee the desires 
of thine heart. 

Show thy way unto the LORD, 
trust also in Him : * and He shall 
bring it to pass. 

And He shall bring forth thy 



1 Ps. xxxiv. I. 



82 



THE PSALTER. 



righteousness as the light, and thy 
judgment as the noon-day : * rest in 
the LORD, and make thy prayer unto 
Him. 

Fret not thyself because of him 
that prospereth in his way, * be 
cause of the man that bringeth 
wicked devices to pass. 

Cease from anger and forsake 
wrath : * fret not thyself to do evil. 

For evil-doers shall be cut off: * 
but those that wait upon the LORD, 
they shall inherit the earth. 

For yet a little while, and the 
wicked shall not be : * yea, thou 
shalt search for his place, and thou 
shalt not find it. 

1 But the meek shall inherit the 
earth : * and shall delight themselves 
in the abundance of peace. 

The wicked plotteth against the 
just, * and gnasheth upon him with 
his teeth. 

But the Lord shall laugh at him : 

* for He seeth that his day is 
coming. 

The wicked have drawn out the 
sword, * they have bent their bow, 

To cast down the poor and the 
needy, * to slay such as be upright 
of heart. 

Their sword shall enter into their 
own hearts : * and their bow shall be 
broken. 

A little that a righteous man hath 

* is better than great riches of the 
wicked. 

For the arms of the wicked shall 
be broken ; * but the LORD up- 
holdeth the righteous. 

The LORD knoweth the days of 
the undefiled : * and their inheri 
tance shall be for ever. 

They shall not be ashamed in the 

evil time, and in the days of famine 

1 Matth. v. 4 seems 



they shall be satisfied : * for the 
wicked shall perish. 

Yea, the enemies of the LORD, 
no sooner than they be honourable 
and exalted, * shall pass away, yea, 
pass away like smoke. 

The wicked borroweth and pay- 
eth not again : * but the righteous 
showeth mercy and giveth. 

For such as bless him shall in 
herit the earth : * but they that 
curse him shall be cut off. 

The steps of a [good] man are 
ordered by the LORD : * and He de- 
lighteth in his way. 

Though he fall, he shall not be 
utterly cast down : * for the LORD 
upholdeth him with His hand. 

I have been young, and now am 
old : * yet have I not seen the 
righteous forsaken, nor his seed 
begging bread. 

He is ever merciful and lendeth : 
* and his seed shall be blessed. 

Depart from evil and do good : * 
and dwell for evermore. 

For the LORD loveth judgment, 
and forsaketh not His saints : * they 
shall be preserved for ever. 

The unrighteous shall be pun 
ished : * and the seed of the wicked 
shall be cut off. 

But the righteous shall inherit the 
land : * and dwell therein for ever. 

The mouth of the righteous speak- 
eth wisdom, * and his tongue talketh 
judgment. 

The law of his God is in his 
heart, * none of his steps shall 
slide. 

The wicked watcheth the right 
eous, * and seeketh to slay him. 

But the LORD will not leave him 
in his hands, * nor condemn him 
when he is judged, 
to be quoted from this. 



MONDAY AT MATTINS. 



Wait on the LORD and keep His 
way, and He shall exalt thee, to in 
herit the land : * when the wicked 
are cut off thou shalt see it. 

I have seen the wicked in great 
power, * and exalted like a cedar in 
Lebanon. 

And I passed by, and, lo, he was 
not : * and I sought him, and his 
place was not found. 

Keep innocency, and look to the 
thing that is right : * for the peace 
maker shall have a reward here 
after. 

But the transgressors shall be cut 
off together : * the end of the wicked 
is destruction. 

But the salvation of the righteous 
is of the LORD : * and He is their 
strength in the time of trouble. 

And the LORD shall help them, 
and deliver them : * He shall de 
liver them from the wicked, and 
save them, because they trust in 
Him. 

Psalm XXXVII. 

[Intituled "A Psalm of David." It has 
a further superscription of (now) unknown 
meaning. The Vulgate and the LXX. con 
nect it with the Sabbath.] 

LORD, rebuke me not in Thy 
wrath, * neither chasten me 
in Thine hot displeasure. 

For Thine arrows stick fast in 
me : * and Thou hast laid Thine 
hand heavily upon me. 

There is no soundness in my 
flesh, because of Thine anger : * 
neither is there any rest in my bones 
because of my sins. 

For mine iniquities are gone over 
mine head : * and as an heavy bur 
then they are too heavy for me. 

My wounds stink and are cor 
rupt, * because of my foolishness. 



I am troubled and bowed down 
exceedingly : * I go mourning all 
the day long. 

For my loins are filled with a 
loathsome disease : * and there is 
no soundness in my flesh. 

I am feeble and sore broken : * 
I groan aloud by reason of the dis- 
quietness of mine heart. 

Lord, all my desire is before 
Thee : * and my groaning is not hid 
from Thee. 

Mine heart panteth, my strength 
faileth me : * as for the light of 
mine eyes, it also is gone from 
me. 

My friends and my neighbours * 
draw near, and stand over against 
me. 

And they that are nearest to me 
stand afar off: * they also that 
sought after my life have used 
violence against me. 

And they that seek mine hurt have 
spoken mischievous things, * and 
imagined falsehoods all the day 
long. 

But I, as a deaf man, hear not, * 
and as a dumb man that openeth 
not his mouth. 

Thus I was as a man that heareth 
not, * and in whose mouth are no 
reproofs. 

For in Thee, O LORD, do I 
hope : * Thou wilt hear me, O Lord 
my God ! 

For I said : Let not mine ene 
mies rejoice over me : * when my 
feet slip they magnify themselves 
against me. 

For I am ready for the scourges : 

* and my sorrow is continually be 
fore me. 

For I will declare mine iniquity, 

* and think upon my sin. 

But mine enemies are lively, and 



8 4 



THE PSALTER. 



they are strengthened against me : * 
and they that hate me wrongfully 
are many. 

They that render evil for good 
speak against me, * because I have 
followed goodness. 

Forsake me not, O LORD my 
God : * be not far from me. 

Make haste to help me, * O 
Lord God of my salvation ! 

Antiphon. l Show thy way unto 
the LORD. 

Antiphon for Paschal time. Al 
leluia, Alleluia, Alleluia. 

Then is said a Verse and Answer. 
In Advent. 

Verse. 2 Out of Zion, the Perfec 
tion of beauty, 

Answer. Our God shall come 
manifestly. 

During the rest of the year. 

Verse. 3 Thy mercy, O LORD, is 
in the heavens. 

Answer. And thy faithfulness 
reacheth unto the clouds. 

In Lent. 

Verse. 4 He hath delivered me 
from the snare of the fowler. 

Answer. And from the noisome 
pestilence. 

In Passion time. 

Verse. 5 O God, deliver my soul 
from the sword. 

Answer. And my darling from 
the power of the dog. 



1 Ps. xxxvi. 5. 
4 Ps. xc. 3. 
7 Ps. viii. 6, 7. 



2 Ps. xlix. 
5 Ps. xxi. 
8 Ps. xxxi, 



In Paschal time. 

Verse. The Lord is risen from 
the grave, Alleluia. 

Answer. Who hung for us upon 
the tree, Alleluia. 

The rest is the same as the First Noc- 
turn of the preceding Sunday, only the 
Lessons and sometimes the Responsories 
are those of the day. 

Simple Feasts. It is to be remem 
bered that when a Simple Feast is kept 
on Monday, the Invitatory and Hymn 
are of the Feast, being taken from the 
Common of Saints of the class, unless 
specially given. Then the Psalms and 
Antiphons of the week-day, as given 
above. Then is said a Verse and 
Answer as follow : 

In the Simple Office for one or many 
Martyrs in Paschal time. 

Verse. O ye saints and right 
eous, rejoice in the Lord, Alleluia. 

Answer. Q God hath chosen you 
for His own inheritance. Alleluia. 

In the Simple Office for one Martyr 
{out of Paschal time}. 

Verse. 7 Thou hast crowned him 
with glory and honour, O Lord. 

Answer. And madest him to 
have dominion over the works of 
Thine hands. 

In the Simple Office for many Martyrs 
(put of Paschal time). 

Verse. 8 Be glad in the LORD, 
and rejoice, ye righteous. 

Answer. And shout for joy, all 
ye that are upright in heart. 

In the Simple Office for Confessors 
(whether Bishops or not}. 

Verse. 9 The Lord loved him and 
beautified him. 

[In Paschal time, add Alleluia.] 

2, 3. 3 Ps. xxxv. 6. 

21. 6 Ps. xxxii. 12. 

,11. 9 Ecclus. xlv. 9. 



MONDAY AT MATTINS. 



Answer. And clothed him with 
a robe of glory. 

[/# Paschal time, add Alleluia.] 

/// the Simple Office for one Holy 
Woman, of any class. 

Verse. 1 In thy comeliness and 
thy beauty. 

[In Paschal time, add Alleluia.] 

Answer. Go forward, fare pros 
perously and reign. 

[/;/ Paschal time, add Alleluia.] 

The others, as well as what follows, 
to the end of the service, are taken from 
the First Nocturn of the Office Common 
to Saints of the class, unless something 
special be appointed. The Lessons are 
arranged according to the rules in 
Chapter xxvi. 4, of the general Rubrics. 
The Hymn, "We praise Thee, O God," 
is said at the end, instead of a third 
Responsory. The Responsories are 
arranged according to the rules in 
Chapter xxvii. 4, of the general Rubrics. 
Thus : 

The Lord s Prayer is said : 



Father (inaudibly], Who art 
in heaven, Hallowed be Thy 
Name. Thy kingdom come. Thy 
will be done on earth, as it is in 
heaven. Give us this day our daily 
bread. And forgive us our tres 
passes, as we forgive them that tres 
pass against us. (Aloud.) 

Verse. And lead us not into 
temptation. 

Answer. But deliver us from 
evil. 

Then this Absolution : 

/^RACIOUSLY hear, O Lord 
^^ Jesus Christ, the prayers of 
Thy servants, and have mercy 
upon us : Who livest and reignest 



with the Father, and the Holy 
Ghost, world without end. 
Answer. Amen. 

Then the Reader says : 

Sir, be pleased to give the bless 
ing. 

First Blessing, if the Lesson be from 
Scripture. 

May the Eternal Father bless us 
With an everlasting blessing. 
Answer. Amen. 

First Blessing, if the Lesson be of an 
Homily. 

May the Gospel s saving Lord 
Bless the reading of His Word. 
Answer. Amen. 

First Blessing on a Simple Feast. 

May His blessing be upon us 
Who doth live and reign for ever. 
Answer. Amen. 

Then is read the First Lesson from 
Scripture or from the Homily, or on a 
Simple Feast either the First from 
Scripture, or, if the Saint or Saints 
have two Lessons, the whole three from 
Scripture read together as one. 

Then the First Responsory, unless 
otherwise directed. On a week-day kept 
as such, this is the First Responsory of 
the preceding Sunday. On a Simple 
Feast, the first Responsory in the Com 
mon Office for the class to which the 
Saint belongs. 

Then the Reader says : 
Sir, be pleased to give the bless 



ing. 



Second Blessing, if the Lesson be of 
Scripture. 

May the Son the Sole-begotten 
In His mercy bless and help us. 
Answer. Amen. 



Ps. xliv. 5. 



86 



THE PSALTER. 



Second Blessing, if the Lesson be from 
an Homily. 



God s most mighty strength alway 
Be His people s staff and stay. 
Answer. Amen. 

Second Blessing, for a Simple Feast. 

He (or she or they) whose feast-day 

we are keeping 
Plead for us before the Lord. 
Answer. Amen. 

Then is read the Second Lesson, either 
from Scripture or from an Homily, or 
on a Simple Feast either the Seco?id 
and Third Lessons from Scripture 
read together as one, or if the Saint 
or Saints have two Lessons, the first 
of these. 

Then the Second Responsory, unless 
otherwise directed. On a week-day kept 
as such, this is the Second Responsory 
of the preceding Sunday, but in Paschal 
time there is added to it : 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 



And the Answer of the 
repeated agai7i. 



onsory is 



On a Simple Feast the Second Res 
ponsory in the Common Office for the 
class to which the Saint belongs, with 
the addition of "Glory be" to the 
Father," &>., and the repetition of 
the Answer. 

The?i the Reader says : 

Sir, be pleased to give the bless 
ing. 

Third Blessing, if the Lesson be of 
Scripture. 

May the grace of God the Spirit 
All our heart and mind enlighten. 
Answer. Amen. 

Third Blessing, for a Simple Feast, or 
if the Lesson be from an Homily. 

May He That is the Angels King 
To that high realm His people bring. 
Answer. Amen. 

Then is read the Third Lesson either 
from Scripture, or of the Homily, or on 
Simple Feasts the Second or only Lesson 
of the Saint. 

Then, on Simple Feasts and on any 
day in Paschal time is said the Hym?i, 
"We praise Thee, O God." But on 
week-days kept as such out of Paschal 
time the Third Responsory of the pre 
ceding Sunday. 



}) lit JJ 

THE SECOND DAY OF THE WEEK. 



All as on Sunday, except as other 
wise given here. 

The Psaluis are as follows : 
Antiphon. Have mercy. 

If this Antiphon be used, the Psalm 
begins with the words, " Upon me, O 
God." 

Psalm L. 

[This Psalm has a musical (?) superscrip 
tion, and the title then proceeds, "A Psalm 
of David, when Nathan the Prophet came 
unto him, after he had gone in to Bath- 
sheba." The whole history is in 2 Kings 
(Sam.) xi. xii. (Saturday, 5th week after 
Pentecost, and 6th Sunday.)] 

HAVE mercy upon me, O God, 
* after Thy great mercy : 

And according to the multitude 
of Thy tender mercies * blot out my 
transgressions. 

Wash me thoroughly from mine 
iniquity : * and cleanse me from my 
sin. 

For I acknowledge my trans 
gression : * and my sin is ever 
before me. 

Against Thee, Thee only, have I 
sinned, and done evil in Thy sight : 
* that Thou mightest be justified 
when Thou speakest, and be clear 
when Thou art judged. 



For behold, I was shapen in in 
iquity : * and in sin did my mother 
conceive me. 

For behold Thou desirest truth : 

* the hidden secrets of Thy wisdom 
Thou hast made manifest unto me. 

Sprinkle me with hyssop, and I 
shall be clean : * wash me, and I 
shall be whiter than snow. 

Make me to hear joy and glad 
ness : * that the bones which Thou 
hast broken may rejoice. 

Hide Thy face from my sins : * 
and blot out all mine iniquities. 

Create in me a clean heart, O 
God : * and renew a right spirit 
within me. 

Cast me not away from Thy 
presence : * and take not Thine 
holy Spirit from me. 

Restore unto me the joy of Thy 
salvation : * and uphold me with 
Thy free Spirit. 

Then will I teach transgressors 
Thy ways : * and sinners shall be 
converted unto Thee. 

Deliver me from blood-guiltiness, 
O God, Thou God of my salvation : 

* and my tongue shall sing aloud x 
of Thy righteousness. 

O LORD, open Thou my lips, * 



1 So the Hebrew, the LXX. , and all the versions, including Doway, but the Latin 
text has the curious mistake of exultabit for exaltabit. 



88 



THE PSALTER. 



and my mouth shall show forth Thy 
praise. 

For Thou desirest not sacrifice, 
else would I give it : * Thou de- 
lightest not in burnt-offering. 

The sacrifice of God is a broken 
spirit : * a broken and a contrite 
heart, O God, Thou wilt not despise. 

Do good in Thy good pleasure 
unto Zion : * to build the walls of 
Jerusalem. 

Then shalt Thou be pleased with 
the sacrifices of righteousness, with 
burnt-offering and whole burnt-offer 
ing : * then shall they offer bullocks 
upon Thine altar. 

Antiphon. Have mercy upon me, 
O God. 

Second Antiphon. Consider. 

Psalm V. 

[Intituled "A Psalm of David," with a 
musical (?) superscription.] 

GIVE ear unto my words, O 
LORD, * consider my suppli 
cation. 

Hearken unto the voice of my cry, 

* my King and my God ! 

For unto Thee will I pray. * O 
LORD, in the morning Thou shalt 
hear my voice : 

In the morning will I stand before 
Thee and look up. * For Thou art 
not a God that hath pleasure in 
wickedness : 

Neither shall the evil dwell with 
Thee, * nor the unrighteous stand 
in Thy sight : 

Thou hatest all workers of iniquity. 

* Thou shalt destroy all them that 
speak leasing : 

The LORD abhorreth the bloody 
and deceitful man. * But as for me, 
in the multitude of Thy mercy 



I will come into Thine house : * 
I will worship toward Thine holy 
temple in Thy fear. 

Lead me, O LORD, in Thy 
righteousness, * because of mine 
enemies ; make my way straight 
before Thy face. 

For there is no faithfulness in 
their mouth : * their inward part 
is very wickedness. 

Their throat is an open sepulchre ; 
they flatter with their tongue. * 
Judge Thou them, O God! 

Let them fall by their own coun 
sels ; cast them out in the multi 
tude of their transgressions, * for 
they have rebelled against Thee, O 
Lord! 

And let all those that put their 
trust in Thee, rejoice : * let them 
ever shout for joy, because Thou 
dwellest in them : 

Let them also that love Thy Name 
be joyful in Thee. * For Thou wilt 
bless the righteous. 

O LORD, Thou hast compassed 
us * with Thy favour as with a 
shield. 

Antiphon. Consider my suppli 
cation, O Lord. 

Third Antiphon. O God, Thou 
art my God. 

If this Antiphon is used, the Psalm 
begins with the words, "Early will I 
seek Thee." 

Psalms LXIL, LXVI. 

O God, Thou art my God, &c. 
(A 23). 

Antiphon. O God, Thou art my 
God, early will I seek Thee. 

Fourth Antiphon. Thine anger 
is turned away. 



MONDAY AT LAUDS. 



8 9 



THE SONG OF ISAIAH THE PROPHET. 

[Isa. xii. i. The description of the res 
toration of Israel in Isa. xi. (Second Sun 
day in Advent) is continued to the end 
of that Chapter, and this Song is then 
introduced by the words, "And in that 
day thou shalt say : "] 

LORD, I will praise Thee, 
though Thou wast angry with 
me, * Thine anger is turned away, 
and Thou comfortest me. 

Behold, God is my salvation : * 
I will trust and not be afraid : 

For the LORD is my strength 
and my song : * He also is become 
my salvation. 

Therefore with joy shall ye draw 
water out of the wells of the Saviour: 
* and in that day shall ye say : 
Praise the LORD and call upon His 
Name ! 

Declare His doings among the 
people, * tell them that His Name 
is exalted. 

Sing unto the LORD, for He hath 
done glorious things : * make ye 
this known in all the earth. 

Cry aloud and shout, thou inhabi 
tant of Zion : * for great is the 
Holy One of Israel in the midst of 
thee ! 

Antiphon. Thine anger is turned 
away, and Thou comfortest me. 
Fifth Antiphon. Praise ye. 

If this Antiphon be used, the Psalm 
begins with the -words "the LORD 
from the heavens." 

Psalms CXLVIII., CXLIX., CL. 

Praise ye the LORD from the 
heavens, &c. (pp. 25, 26). 

Antiphon. Praise ye the LORD 
from the heavens. 



From Advent Sunday till the Octave 
of the Epiphany and from the First 
Sunday in Lent till the Octave of Pente 
cost special Chapters are given. At 
other times the following is said on all 
week-days observed as such. 

CHAPTER. (Rom. xiii. 12.) 

HP HE night is far spent, the day 
*- is at hand : let us therefore 
cast off the works of darkness, and 
let us put on the armour of light : 
let us walk honestly as in the day. 

HYMN. 1 

OF the Father Effluence bright, 
Out of Light evolving light, 
Light from Light, unfailing Ray, 
Day creative of the day. 

Truest Sun, upon us stream 
With Thy calm perpetual beam, 
In the Spirit s still sunshine 
Making sense and thought divine. 

Seek we too the Father s face, 

Father of almighty grace, 

And of majesty excelling, 

Who can purge our tainted dwelling ; 

Who can aid us, who can break 
Teeth of envious foes, and make 
Hours of loss and pain succeed, 
Guiding safe each duteous deed. 

And, infusing self-control, 
Fragrant chastity of soul, 
Faith s keen flame to soar on high, 
Incorrupt simplicity. 

Christ Himself for food be given, 
Faith become the cup of heaven, 
Out of which the joy is quaff d 
Of the Spirit s sobering draught. 

With that joy replenished 
Morn shall glow with modest reel, 
Noon with beaming face be bright, 
Eve be soft without twilight. 

It has dawned : upon our way, 
Father, in Thy Word, this day, 
In Thy Father, Word Divine, 
From Thy cloudy pillar shine. 



1 Another hymn of the Ambrosian school, slightly altered. Translation by the late 
Card. Newman. 



THE PSALTER. 



To the Father and the Son, 
And the Spirit, Three and One, 
As of old, and as in heaven, 
Now and here be glory given. 

Amen. 

Verse. 1 Thou hast satisfied us 
early with Thy mercy. 

Answer. We rejoice and are 
glad. 

Antiphonfor the Songof Zacharias. 
Blessed * be the Lord God of Israel. 

After the repetition of the Antiphon 
after the Song of Zacharias^ on the 
"week-days of Advent and Lent, the 
Ember Days, and all Vigils which are 
fasts except Christmas Eve and the 
Eve and Ember Days of Pentecost, all 
kneel down, and the following prayers 
called the Preces are said : 

Kyrie eleison. 

Answer. Christe eleison. 

Kyrie eleison. 

Then the Lord s Prayer is said aloud. 

OUR Father, Who art in heaven, 
Hallowed be Thy Name. Thy 
kingdom come. Thy will be done 
on earth, as it is in heaven. Give 
us this day our daily bread. And 
forgive us our trespasses, as we for 
give them that trespass against us. 
And lead us not into temptation ; 

Answer. But deliver us from evil. 

Verse. 2 I said : LORD, be mer 
ciful unto me. 

Answer. Heal my soul, for I 
have sinned against Thee. 

Verse. 3 Return, O LORD, how 
long? 

Answer. And let it repent Thee 
concerning Thy servants. 



Verse. 4 Let Thy mercy, O LORD, 
be upon us. 

Answer. According as we hope 
in Thee. 

Verse. 5 Let Thy priests be 
clothed with righteousness. 

Answer. And let Thy saints 
shout for joy. 

Verse. 6 O LORD, save the King. 

Answer. And hear us in the day 
when we call upon Thee. 

Verse. 7 O LORD, save Thy peo 
ple, and bless Thine inheritance. 

Answer. And govern them, and 
lift them up for ever. 

Verse. 8 Remember Thy congre 
gation. 

Answer. Which Thou hast pur 
chased of old. 

Verse. 9 Peace be within thy 
walls. 

Answer. And prosperity within 
thy palaces. 

Verse. Let us pray for the faith 
ful departed. 

Answer. O Lord, grant them 
eternal rest, and let the everlasting 
light shine upon them ! 

Verse. May they rest in peace. 

Answer. Amen. 

Verse. Let us pray for our ab 
sent brethren. 

Answer. 10 O Thou my God, 
save Thy servants that trust in 
Thee. 

Verse. Let us pray for the sor 
rowful and the captives. 

Answer. u Redeem them, O God 
of Israel, out of all their troubles. 

Verse. 12 O Lord, send them help 
from the sanctuary. 



1 Ps. Ixxxix. 14. 2 Ps. xl. 5. 3 Ps. Ixxxix. 13. 

4 Ps. xxxii. 22. 5 Ps. cxxxi. 9. 

6 Ps. xix. 10. This verse never varies, whatever the form of government. 

7 Ps. xxvii. 9. 8 Ps. Ixxiii. 2. 9 Ps. cxxi. 7. 
10 Ps. Ixxxv. 2. n Ps. xxiv. 22. 12 Ps. xix. 3. 



MONDAY AT LAUDS. 



Answer. And strengthen them 
out of Zion. 

Verse. Hear my prayer, O LORD. 

Answer. And let my cry come 
unto Thee. 

Psalm CXXIX. 

[Intituled "A Song of Degrees." The 
meaning of this title is not certain. The 
Psalms so called may perhaps, like the 
"Graduals" of the Roman Liturgy, be 
"step-songs," intended to be sung during 
processions, Liturgical or of pilgrims.] 

OUT of the depths have I cried 
unto Thee, O LORD ! * Lord, 
hear my voice. 

Let Thine ears be attentive * to 
the voice of my supplication. 

If Thou, LORD, shouldest mark 
iniquities, * O Lord, who shall 
stand ? 

But there is forgiveness with 
Thee : * because of Thy law, I wait 
for Thee, O LORD ! 

My soul waiteth on His word : * 
my soul hopeth in the Lord. 

From the morning watch even 
until night * let Israel hope in the 
LORD : 

For with the LORD there is mercy, 
J and with Him is plenteous re 
demption. 

And He shall redeem Israel, * 
from all his iniquities. 

Glory be to the Father, and to 
the Son, and to the Holy Ghost. 

As it was in the beginning, is 



now, and ever shall be, world with 
out end. Amen. 

Verse. 1 Turn us again, O LORD 
God of hosts ! 

Answer. And cause Thy face to 
shine, and we shall be saved. 

Verse. 2 Arise, O Christ, and 
help us. 

Answer. And deliver us for Thy 
Name s sake. 

Verse. Hear my prayer, O LORD. 

Answer. And let my cry come 
unto Thee. 

Let us pray. 

Then follows the Prayer of the Day. 

All proceeds to the end of the service 
as on Sunday, except that when Suf 
frages are said, the following is said 
before the Commemoration of the Blessed 
Virgin Mary. 

Commemoration of the Cross. 

Antiphon. Through Thy Cross s 
holy sign, JESUS, guard this soul of 
mine, from my ghostly enemy. 

Verse. 3 Let all the earth worship 
Thee, and sing unto Thee. 

Answer. Let them sing praises 
unto Thy Name, O Lord ! 

Let us pray. 

OLORD, we beseech Thee, keep 
us in continual peace, whom 
it hath pleased Thee to redeem by 
the tree of the Holy Cross. 



1 Ps. Ixxix. 2O. 



Ps. xliii. 26. 



Ps. Ixv. 4. 



at Jftattin*. 

THE THIRD DAY OF THE WEEK. 



All as on Sunday, except as other 
wise given here. 

Invitatory. Let us make a joyful 
noise to * the God of our salvation. 

Invitatory in Paschal time. Alle 
luia, Alleluia, * Alleluia. 

On Simple Feasts the Invitatory is 
special. 

On Simple Feasts the Hymn is 
special, but on Week-days kept as such 
the following is said from the Octave 
of the Epiphany till the first Tuesday 
in Lent, and from the Octave of Pente 
cost till Advent. The Hymns for the 
other Seasons are given in the proper 
Office of the Seasons. 

HYMN. 1 

OGOD from God, and Light from 
Light, 

Who art Thyself the Day, 
Our chants shall break the clouds of 

night ; 
Be with us while we pray. 

Chase Thou the gloom that haunts the 

mind, 

The thronging shades of hell, 
The sloth and drowsiness that bind 
The senses with a spell. 

Lord, to their sins indulgent be, 
Who, in this hour forlorn, 
By faith in what they do not see, 
With songs prevent the morn. 

1 Another hymn of the Ambrosian school. 



Grant this, O Father, Only Son, 
And Spirit, God of grace, 
To Whom all worship shall be done 
In every time and place. 

Amen. 

Only one Nocturn is said. 
Antiphon. That I sin not. 

In Paschal time there is only one An 
tiphon to the whole Nocturn, Alleluia. 

Psalm XXXVIII. 

[Intituled "A Psalm of David," with a 
farther notice of meaning now uncertain. 
It is addressed to Jeduthun, concerning 
whom it is said, in I Par. (Chron.) xvi. 42, 
that David appointed, along with the Priests 
who officiated before the Ark, "Heman 
and Jeduthun, and the rest that were chosen, 
who are expressed by name, to give thanks 
to the LORD, because His mercy endureth 
for ever. And with them Heman and 
Jeduthun, with trumpets and cymbals, for 
those that should make a sound, and with 
musical instruments of God. " The Targum 
says that it was to be used by Jeduthun for 
his watch in the Sanctuary.] 

T SAID: I will take heed unto 
* my ways, * that I sin not with 
my tongue. 

I kept a watch upon my mouth, * 
while the wicked stood up against 
me. 

I was dumb, and humbl.ed myself, 
I held my peace even from good : 

Translation by the late Card. Newman. 



TUESDAY AT MATTINS. 



93 



* and my sorrow was stirred up 
afresh. 

Mine heart was hot within me : 

* and while I was musing the fire 
kindled. 

I spake with my tongue : * LORD, 
make me to know mine end ; 

And the measure of my days 
what it is ; * that I may know how 
frail I am. 

Behold, Thou hast made my days 
as a span : * and mine age is as 
nothing before Thee. 

Verily every man living * is 
altogether vanity. 1 

Surely every man flitteth by like 
a shade : * he is disquieted also in 
vain. 

He heapeth up riches, * and 
knoweth not who shall gather them. 

And now for what wait I ? Is it 
not for the Lord ? * and mine hope 
is with Thee. 

Deliver me from all my transgres 
sions : * Thou hast given me for a 
reproach unto the foolish. 

I was dumb and opened not my 
mouth, because Thou didst it : * 
remove Thy strokes away from me. 

I am consumed by the blow of 
Thine hand : * Thou, with rebukes 
dost correct man for iniquity. 

And Thou makest his beauty to 
consume away like a spider s web : 

* surely every man is disquieted in 
vain. 1 

Hear my prayer, O LORD, and my 
cry : * give ear unto my tears. 

Hold not Thy peace : for I am a 
stranger with Thee, and a sojourner, 

* as all my fathers were. 

O spare me, that I may recover 
strength, before I go hence, * and 
be no more. 



Psalm XXXIX. 

[Intituled "A Psalm of David " and with 
the same (now) uncertain superscription as 
Ps. xii.] 

T WAITED patiently for the 
* LORD, * and He inclined unto 
me, 

And heard my cry : * He brought 
me up also out of an horrible pit, 
and out of the miry clay. 

And set my feet upon a rock ; * 
and ordered my goings. 

And He hath put a new song in 
my mouth, * even praise unto our 
God. 

Many shall see it, and fear, * and 
shall trust in the LORD. 

Blessed is that man whose trust 
is the Name of the LORD : * and 
who respecteth not pride and lying 
vanities. 

Many, O LORD my God, are Thy 
wonderful works which Thou hast 
done : * and in Thy thoughts there 
is none like unto Thee. 

If I would declare and speak of 
them, * they are more than can be 
numbered. 

Sacrifice and offering Thou hast 
not desired; * but mine ears hast 
Thou opened. 

Burnt-offering and sin-offering hast 
Thou not required : * then said I : 
Lo, I come. 

In the beginning of the book it is 
written of me that I should fulfil 
Thy will: * O my God, I delight 
to do it, yea, Thy law is within mine 
heart. 

I have preached Thy righteous 
ness in the great congregation : * lo, 
I have not refrained my lips : O 
LORD, Thou knowest. 



1 SLH 



94 



THE PSALTER. 



I have not hidden Thy righteous 
ness within mine heart : * I have 
declared Thy faithfulness and Thy 
salvation. 

I have not concealed Thy loving- 
kindness, and Thy truth * from the 
great congregation. 

Withhold not Thou Thy tender 
mercies from me, O LORD : * let 
Thy loving-kindness and Thy truth 
continually preserve me. 

For countless evils have com 
passed me about : * mine iniquities 
have taken hold upon me, and I am 
not able to look up. 

They are more in number than 
the hairs of mine head : * and mine 
heart faileth me. 

Be pleased, O LORD, to deliver 
me : * O LORD, look upon me to 
help me. 

Let them be ashamed and con 
founded together that seek after my 
soul, * to destroy it. 

Let them be driven backward, 
and put to shame, * that wish me 
evil. 

Let them quickly bear their 
shame, * that say unto me : Aha, 
Aha. 

Let all those that seek Thee re 
joice and be glad in Thee : * and 
let such as love Thy salvation say 
continually : The LORD be mag 
nified. 

But I am poor and needy : * the 
Lord thinketh upon me. 

Thou art mine Helper and my 
Deliverer : * make no tarrying, O 
God. 

Antiphon. l That I sin not with 
my tongue. 

Second Antiphon. Heal. 



Psalm XL. 

[Intituled "A Psalm of David," with 
some other words, of meaning now un 
certain, as in some other Psalms.] 

1DLESSED is he that considereth 
*-* the poor and needy : * the 
LORD will deliver him in time of 
trouble. 

The LORD preserve him, and 
quicken him, and make him to be 
blessed upon the earth : * and de 
liver him not unto the will of his 
enemies ! 

The LORD strengthen him upon 
his bed of suffering ! * Thou hast 
made all his bed in his sickness. 

As for me, I said : LORD, be 
merciful unto me : * heal my soul, 
for I have sinned against Thee. 

Mine enemies speak evil of me : 
* When shall he die, and his name 
perish ? 

If he came to see me he spake 
vanity : * his heart gathereth iniquity 
to itself. 

He went out, * and told it. 

All they that hate me whispered 
together against me : * against me 
did they devise mine hurt. 

They plotted together to do me 
evil : * Now that he lieth, surely he 
shall rise up no more. 

Yea, mine own familiar friend in 
whom I trusted, * who did eat of 
my bread, hath lifted up his heel 
against me. 2 

But Thou, O LORD, be merciful 
unto me, and raise me up : * and I 
will requite them. 

By this I know that Thou de- 
lightest in me : * because mine 
enemy cannot triumph over me. 

But as for me, Thou upholdest 



1 Ps. xxxviii. 2. 



Quoted by our Lord. John xiii. 18. 



TUESDAY AT MATTINS. 



95 



me, because of mine innocence : * 
and settest me before Thy face for 
ever. 

Blessed be the LORD God of 
Israel from everlasting, and to 
everlasting. * Amen, Amen. 1 

Psalm XLI. 

[This Psalm has a superscription, the 
meaning of which is not now certain, but 
which seems in part to imply that it was a 
didactic poem written to be sung by the 
choir of the Korahites, a family of Levites 
and singers in the time of David.] 

AS the hart panteth after the 
water -brooks : * so panteth 
my soul after Thee, O God! 

My soul is athirst for God, for 
the mighty God, for the living God : 

* when shall I come and appear 
before God? 

My tears have been my meat day 
and night, * while they daily say 
unto me : Where is thy God ? 

When I remember these things, 
I pour out my soul in me : * for 
I will go unto the place of the 
wondrous Tabernacle, even unto 
the house of God. 

With the voice of joy and praise, 

* the noise of a multitude that keep 
holiday. 

Why art thou cast down, O my 
soul, * and why art thou disquieted 
in me? 

Hope thou in God, for I shall yet 
praise Him, * the Health of my 
countenance and my God. 

My soul is cast down within me : 

* therefore will I remember Thee 
from the land of Jordan, and from 



the mountains of Hermon, 2 from the 
Little Hill. 3 

Deep calleth unto deep, * at the 
noise of Thy waterspouts. 

All Thy waves and Thy billows * 
are gone over me. 

The LORD hath commanded [the 
praise of] His loving- kindness in 
the day-time, * and in the night 
His song. 

Mine shall it be to pray unto the 
God of my life. * I will say unto 
God : Thou art my refuge. 

Why hast Thou forgotten me ? * 
and why go I mourning, while the 
enemy oppresseth me? 

While my bones are broken, * 
they that trouble me, even mine 
enemies, reproach me ; 

While they say daily unto me : 
Where is thy God ? * Why art thou 
cast down, O my soul, and why art 
thou disquieted within me ? 

Hope thou in God, for I shall yet 
praise Him : * the Health of my 
countenance and my God. 

Antiphon. 4 Heal my soul, O 
Lord, for I have sinned against Thee. 
Third Antiphon. Mine heart. 

Psalm XLIII. 

[This Psalm has the same uncertain 
[? musical] superscription as some others, 
and the Targum farther ascribes its author 
ship to David.] 

^\ \ J"E have heard with our ears, 
* * O God : * our fathers have 
told us, 

What work Thou didst in their 
days, * and in the times of old. 



1 With this Psalm ends the first of the five books into which the Psalter is divided. 

2 A chain of mountains in the north-east of Palestine, stretching down on the eastern 
side of Jordan. 

3 Or rather, the hill Mizar (viz. the Little), proper name of a mountain on the eastern 
ridge of Lebanon. May it not be that the Korahites were among the Levitical families 
which had cities in the north and north-east districts ? 4 Ps. xl. 5. 



9 6 



THE PSALTER. 



Thine hand scattered the heathen, 
and planted them : * Thou didst 
afflict the people and cast them out. 

For they got not the land in pos 
session by their own sword : * neither 
did their own arm save them. 

But Thy right hand, and Thine 
arm, and the light of Thy counten 
ance : * because Thou hadst a favour 
unto them. 

Thou art my King and my God : 
* Who commandest victories for 
Jacob ! 

Through Thee shall our horn toss 
our enemies : * through Thy Name 
will we tread them under that rise 
up against us. 

For I will not trust in my bow : * 
neither shall my sword save me. 

For Thou hast saved us from them 
that afflicted us, * and hast put to 
shame them that hated us. 

In God will we glory all the day 
long, * and will praise Thy Name 
for ever. 1 

But now Thou hast cast off and 
put us to shame : * and Thou, O 
God, wilt not go forth with our 
armies. 

Thou hast turned us back behind 
our enemies : * and they that hate 
us take spoil for themselves. 

Thou hast given us like sheep ap 
pointed for meat, * and hast scat 
tered us among the heathen. 

Thou hast sold Thy people for 
nought, * and hast not increased 
Thy wealth by their price. 

Thou makest us a reproach to our 
neighbours, * a scorn and a derision 
to them that are round about us. 

Thou makest us a by-word among 
the heathen, * a shaking of the head 
among the peoples. 

My confusion is all day long be 



fore me, * and the shame of my face 
hath covered me, 

For the voice of him that reproach- 
eth and blasphemeth, * by reason of 
the enemy and avenger. 

All this is come upon us, yet have 
we not forgotten Thee : * neither 
have we dealt falsely in Thy covenant. 

Our heart also is not turned back : 
neither have our steps strayed 
from Thy way ; 

Though Thou hast sore broken us 
in the place of affliction, * and the 
shadow of death hath covered us. 

If we have forgotten the Name of 
our God, * or stretched out our 
hands to a strange god ; 

Shall not God search this out ? * 
for He knoweth the secrets of the 
heart. 

Yea, for Thy sake are we killed all 
the day long : * we are counted as 
sheep for the slaughter. 

Awake, why sleepest Thou, O 
Lord ? * arise, and cast us not off 
for ever. 

Wherefore hidest Thou Thy face, 
* and forgettest our affliction and 
our oppression ? 

For our soul is bowed down to 
the dust : * our belly cleaveth unto 
the earth. 

Arise, O Lord, help us : * and 
redeem us for Thy Name s sake. 

Psalm XLIV. 

[This Psalm has a long superscription, the 
exact meaning of which is not now certain. 
It seems to have been a marriage-song writ 
ten to be sung by the Korahites. The Tar- 
gum ascribes it to the time of Moses, but it 
seems rather to belong to that of the Jewish 
Monarchy. ] 

1\ /TINE heart is overflowing with 
*-* a good matter : * I speak of 
my works unto the king. 



SLH. 



TUESDAY AT MATTINS. 



97 



My tongue is the pen * of a ready 
writer. 

Thou art fairer than the children 
of men, grace is poured into thy lips : 
* therefore God hath blessed thee 
for ever. 

Gird thy sword upon thy thigh, * 
O most mighty ! 

In thy comeliness, and thy beauty, 
* go forward, fare prosperously, and 
reign, 

Because of truth, and meekness, 
and righteousness : * and thy right 
hand shall lead thee wonderfully. 

Thine arrows are sharp (the 
people shall fall under thee) * into 
the heart of the King s enemies. 

J Thy throne, O God, is for ever 
and ever : * the sceptre of Thy 
kingdom is a right sceptre. 

Thou hast loved righteousness, 
and hated iniquity : * therefore, 
God, thy God, hath anointed thee 
with the oil of gladness above thy 
fellows. 

Thy garments smell of myrrh, and 
aloes, and cassia, out of the ivory 
palaces, * whereby kings daughters 
among thine honourable women have 
made thee glad. 

Upon thy right hand did stand 
the queen in a vesture of gold, * 
bedecked with divers colours. 

Hearken, O daughter, and con 
sider, and incline thine ear: * for 
get also thine own people, and thy 
father s house : 

And the King shall greatly de 
sire thy beauty : * for He is the 
Lord thy God, 2 and Him shall they 
worship. 

And the daughters of Tyre shall 



entreat thy favour * with gifts, even 
all the rich among the people. 

The King s daughter is all glo 
rious within, * in a vesture of gold, 
clad in divers colours. 

After her shall virgins be brought 
unto the king: * her fellows shall 
be brought unto thee. 

With gladness and rejoicing shall 
they be brought : * they shall enter 
into the King s palace. 

Instead of thy fathers shall be 
thy children : * thou shalt make 
them princes over all the earth. 

They shall be mindful of thy 
name, * unto all generations. 

Therefore shall the people praise 
thee for ever, * yea, for ever and 
ever. 

Antiphon. 3 Mine heart is over 
flowing with a good matter. 
Fourth Antiphon. Our help. 

Psalm XLV. 

[This Psalm has a superscription of un 
certain meaning, but of which part seems 
to imply that it was to be sung by treble 
voices, from the choir of the Korahite 
family. And the Targum ascribes it, but 
apparently by a mere guess, to the time when 
Korah and his fellow-rebels were destroyed 
by an earthquake in the wilderness, but 
"the children of Korah died not" (Num. 
xxvi. 10, n).] 

OD is our refuge and strength, 
* our help in trouble, which 
is come upon us exceedingly. 

Therefore will we not fear, though 
the earth be removed, * and though 
the mountains be carried into the 
midst of the sea ; 

Though the waters thereof roar 



1 So are these words translated in Heb. i. 8, 9. 



2 The word " God " is not in the Hebrew, and the original meaning, addressed to the 

IClC is * He ^ f ^"** I -**"-! n *A K~ j.l~ A .. *. i_: o _ _i__ o A. T 

3 Ps. xliv. 2. 

VOL. III. 



bride, is, He is thy lord, and bow thou to him." So also St Jerome. 



9 8 



THE PSALTER. 



and be troubled; * though the 
mountains shake with the swelling 
thereof. 1 

[There is] a river, the streams 
whereof make glad the city of God : 
* the Most High hath hallowed His 
Tabernacle. 

God is in the midst of her, she 
shall not be moved : * God shall 
help her right early. 

The heathen raged, and the king 
doms were moved : * He uttered 
His voice, the earth melted. 

The LORD of hosts is with us : * 
the God of Jacob is our refuge. 1 

Come and behold the works of 
the LORD, what wonders He hath 
wrought in the earth ; * He maketh 
wars to cease unto the end of the 
earth. 

He breaketh the bow and cut- 
teth the weapons in sunder : * and 
burneth the shields in the fire. 

Be still, and know that I am 
God : * I will be exalted among 
the heathen, and I will be exalted 
in the earth. 

The LORD of hosts is with us : * 
the God of Jacob is our refuge. 1 

Psalm XLVI. 

[Intituled " A Psalm of the sons of 
Korah," with another (now uncertain) direc 
tion.] 

OCLAP your hands, all ye 
people : * shout unto God 
with the voice of triumph. 

For the LORD Most High is ter 
rible : * He is a great King over all 
the earth. 

He hath subdued the people 
under us, * and the nations under 
cur feet. 

He hath chosen His own inheri- 

1 SLH. 



tance for us, * the excellency of 
Jacob, whom He loved. 1 

God is gone up with a shout, * 
and the LORD with the sound of a 
trumpet. 

Sing praises to our God, sing 
praises : * sing praises unto our 
King, sing praises. 

For God is the King of all the 
earth : * sing ye praises with under 
standing. 

God reigneth over the heathen : 
* God sitteth upon the throne of 
His holiness. 

The princes of the people are 
gathered together with the God of 
Abraham : * for the mighty ones 
of the earth are greatly exalted. 

Antiphon. 2 Our help in trouble. 
Fifth Antiphon. Great is the 
LORD. 

If this Antiphon be used the Psalm 
begins with the ivords, " And greatly to 
be praised." 

Psalm XLVII. 

[Intituled "A Song. A Psalm of the 

sons of Korah." The Vulgate and the 

LXX. assign it to the second day of the 
week.] 

GREAT is the LORD, and greatly 
to be praised * in the city of 
our God, in the mountain of His 
holiness. 

Beautiful for situation, the joy of 
the whole earth, is mount Zion, * 
on the sides of the north, the city 
of the great King. 

God is known in her palaces * 
for a refuge. 

For, lo, the kings were assembled : 
* they passed by together. 

They saw, and so they marvelled; 

2 Ps. xlv. 2. 



TUESDAY AT MATTINS. 



99 



they were troubled, they hasted 
away : * fear took hold upon them 

There, pain, as of a woman in 
travail. Thou shalt break the 
ships of Tarshish 1 with a mighty 
wind. 

As we have heard, so have we 
seen in the city of the LORD of 
hosts, in the city of our God : * 
God hath established her for ever. 2 

We have received Thy loving- 
kindness, O God, * in the midst 
of Thy temple. 

According to Thy Name, O God, 
so is Thy praise unto the ends of 
the earth : * Thy right hand is full 
of righteousness. 

Let mount Zion rejoice, and let 
the daughters of Judah be glad, * 
because of Thy judgments, O Lord. 

Walk about Zion, and go round 
about her : * tell the towers thereof. 

Mark ye well her bulwarks : * 
and consider her palaces ; that 
ye may tell it to the generation 
following. 

For this God is our God for ever 
and ever : * He shall be our guide 
for ever. 

Psalm XLVJII. 

[This Psalm has the same title as Ps. 
xlvi.j 

IT EAR this, all ye people : * 
L * give ear, all ye inhabitants 
of the world ; 

Both low and high : * rich and 
poor together. 

My mouth shall speak of wisdom : 
* and the meditation of my heart 
shall be of understanding. 

I will incline mine ear to a par 
able : * I will open my saying 
upon the harp. 

1 A very flourishing colony and emporium 



Wherefore should I fear in the 
day of evil ? * The iniquity of them 
that dog mine heels shall compass 
me about, 

They that trust in their own 
strength, " and boast themselves 
in the multitude of their riches. 

Can a man redeem, redeem his 
brother ? * He cannot give to God 
a ransom for himself 
Nor yet a redemption for his own 
soul, * if he should work for ever, 
and live even unto the end. 

Nay, though he should not see 
destruction, when he beholdeth 
wise men die * likewise the 
fool and the brutish person perish, 

And leave their wealth to others : 
and their grave shall be their 
house for ever 

Even their dwelling-place to all 
generations : * they called their 
lands after their own names. 

For man, having been created 
in honour, hath had no understand 
ing : * he hath made himself like 
unto the beasts that understand 
not, and is become like unto 
them. 

This their way is a stumbling- 
block for themselves : * yet their 
posterity will approve their sayings. 2 

Like sheep they are laid in the 
grave : * death will pasture them. 

And the upright shall have do 
minion over them in the morning : 
* and the beauty of their strength 
shall waste away in the grave. 

But God will redeem my soul 
from the power of the grave, * 
when He shall receive me. 2 

Be not thou afraid when one is 
made rich, * and when the glory 
of his house is increased. 

For when he dieth he shall carry 
of the Phoenicians in Spain. 2 SLH. 



100 



THE PSALTER. 



nothing away, * his glory shall not 
descend with him. 

Though while he lived he blessed 
his soul ; * and praised thee when 
thou didst well to him. 

He shall go to the generation of 
his fathers : * and shall never see 
light. 

Man, having been created in 
honour, hath had no understand 
ing : * he hath made himself like 
unto the beasts that understand 
not, and is become like unto them. 

Antiphon. l Great is the LORD, 
and greatly to be praised. 

Sixth Antiphon. The God of 
gods. 

If this Antiphon be used, the Psalm 
begins with the words, "Even the 
LORD." 

Psalm XL IX. 

[Intituled " A Psalm of Asaph." This 
Asaph was a Levite, chief of the singers 
appointed by David. I Par. (Chron.) xvi. 
4. "And he (David) appointed certain of 
the Levites to minister before the Ark of 
the LORD, and to record, and to thank 
and praise the LORD God of Israel. Asaph 
the chief, and next to him Zachariah, Jeiel, 
Shemiramoth, and Jehiel, and Mattithiah, 
and Eliab, and Benaiah, and Obed-edom ; 
and Jeiel with psalteries and with harps ; 
but Asaph made a sound with cymbals."] 

THE God of gods, even the 
LORD, hath spoken, * and 
called the earth, 

From the rising of the sun unto 
the going down thereof. * Out of 
Zion, the Perfection of beauty, 

God shall come manifestly, * 
even our God, and shall not keep 
silence. 

A fire shall devour before Him : 
* and it shall be very tempestuous 
round about Him. 

1 Ps. xlvii. 2. 



He shall call to the heavens from 
above, * and to the earth, that 
He may judge His people. 

Gather His saints together unto 
Him, * those that have made a 
covenant with Him by sacrifice. 

And the heavens shall declare 
His righteousness : * for God is 
Judge Himself. 2 

Hear, O My people, and I will 
speak ; O Israel, and I will testify 
against thee ; * I am God, even 
thy God. 

I will not reprove thee for thy 
sacrifices : * for thy burnt -offerings 
are continually before Me. 

I will take no bullock out of thine 
house, * nor he -goats out of thy 
folds. 

For every beast of the forest is 
Mine, * the cattle and the bulls 
upon the mountains. 

I know all the birds of the sky : 

* and the beauty of the field is 
Mine. 

If I were hungry, I would not 
tell thee : * for the earth is Mine, 
and the fulness thereof. 

Will I eat the flesh of bulls, * 
or drink the blood of goats ? 

Offer unto God the sacrifice of 
praise : * and pay thy vows unto the 
Most High : 

And call upon Me in the day of 
trouble : * I will deliver thee, and 
thou shalt glorify Me. 

But unto the wicked, God saith : 

* What hast thou to do to declare 
My statutes, that thou shouldest take 
My covenant in thy mouth ? 

Seeing thou hatest instruction, * 
and easiest My words behind thee ? 

When thou sawest a thief then 
thou tookest pleasure in him : * and 
hast been partaker with adulterers. 
2 SLH. 



TUESDAY AT MATTINS. 



101 



Thy mouth aboundeth with evil : 

* and thy tongue frameth deceit. 
Thou satest and spakest against 

thy brother, and slanderedst thine 
own mother s son : * these things 
hast thou done, and I kept silence. 

Thou thoughtest wickedly that I 
was such an one as thyself: * I will 
reprove thee, and set them in order 
before thine eyes. 

Consider ye this, ye that forget 
God : * lest He tear you in pieces, 
and there be none to deliver. 

The sacrifice of praise shall honour 
Me : * and there is the path where 
in I will show unto him the salvation 
of God. 

Psalm LI. 

[After another uncertain superscription, 
the title of this Psalm proceeds: "[A 
Psalm] of David, when Doeg the Edomite 
came and told Saul, and said unto him : 
David is come to the house of Ahimelech." 
The circumstances may be read in I Kings 
(Sam.) xxii. (Saturday, fourth week after 
Pentecost). After Doeg told Saul, the 
latter sent for Ahimelech and the other 
Priests, and ordered them to execution. 
" But the servants of the king would not 
put forth their hand to fall upon the Priests 
of the LORD. And the king said to Doeg : 
Turn thou, and fall upon the Priests. And 
Doeg the Edomite turned and fell upon the 
Priests, and slew on that day four-score and 
five persons that did wear a linen ephod. " 
The inhabitants of the Priestly city of Nob 
were also brutally massacred. One of the 
sons of Ahimelech escaped and told David.] 

AX rHY boastest thou thyself in 
* mischief, * O thou that art 
mighty in iniquity ? 

Thy tongue deviseth unrighteous 
ness all the day long : * like a sharp 
razor hast thou wrought treachery. 

Thou lovest evil more than good ; 

* iniquity rather than to speak of 
uprightness. 1 

1 SLH. 2 Ps. xlix. 



Thou lovest all deadly words, * 
O thou deceitful tongue ! 

Therefore God shall destroy thee 
for ever : * He shall take thee away, 
and pluck thee out of thy dwelling- 
place, and root thee out of the land 
of the living. 1 

The righteous shall see it, and 
fear, and shall laugh at him, and 
say : * Lo, this is the man that 
made not God his strength; 

But trusted in the abundance of 
his riches : * and hardened himself 
in his wickedness. 

But I am like a fruitful olive- 
tree in the house of God, * I trust 
in the mercy of God for ever and 
ever. 

I will praise Thee for ever, be 
cause Thou hast done it : * and I 
will wait on Thy name, for it is 
good before Thy saints. 

Antiphon. 2 The God of gods, 
even the LORD, hath spoken. 

Antiphon for Paschal time. Al 
leluia, Alleluia, Alleluia. 

Then is said a Verse and Answer. 
In Advent. 

Verse. Send forth the Lamb, O 
Lord, the ruler of the land. 

Answer. From the " Rock " of 
the wilderness unto the mount of 
the daughter of Zion. 

During the rest of the year. 

Verse. 3 Offer unto God the sac 
rifice of praise. 

Answer. And pay thy vows un 
to the Most High. 

In Lent. 

Verse. He shall cover thee with 
His wings. 

i. 3 Ps. xlix. 14. 



102 



THE PSALTER. 



Answer. And under His feath 
ers shalt thou trust. 

I?i Passion time. 

Verse. O Lord, save me from 
the lion s mouth. 

Answer. And mine affliction 
from the horns of the unicorns. 

7;z Paschal time. 

Verse. The Lord is risen in 
deed, Alleluia. 

Answer. And hath appeared un 
to Simon, Alleluia. 

The rest is the same as the Seco7id 
Nocturn on the precedi?ig Sunday, only 
the Lessons, and sometimes the Respon- 
sories, are those of the day. 

Simple Feasts. It is to be remembered 
that when a Simple Feast is kept on 
7^tesday, the Invitatory and Hymn are 
of the Feast, being taken from the Com 
mon of Saints of the class, unless speci 
ally given. 

Then the Psalms and Antiphons of 
the Week-day, as given above. Then is 
said a Verse and Answer as follows : 

In the Simple Office for one or many 
Martyrs in Paschal time. 

Verse. The everlasting light 
shall shine upon Thy Saints, O 
Lord. Alleluia. 

Answer. Even unto everlasting. 
Alleluia. 

In the Simple Office for one Martyr 
(put of Paschal time}. 

Verse. 1 Thou hast set a crown, 
O Lord, of precious stones. 
Answer. Upon his head. 

In the Simple Office for ma?iy Martyrs 
(put of Paschal time]. 

Verse. 2 Let the righteous re 
joice before God. 

1 Ps. xx. 4. 2 Ps. Ixvii. 4. 

4 Ps. xxxvi. 30. 



Answer. Yea, let them exceed 
ingly rejoice. 

In the Simple Office for a Bishop and 
Confessor. 

Verse. 3 The Lord chose him for 
a priest unto Himself. 

[/// Paschal time, add Alleluia.] 

Answer. To offer up unto Him 
the sacrifice of praise. 

\In Paschal time, add Alleluia.] 

In the Simple Office for a Confessor 
not a Bishop. 

Verse. 4 The mouth of the right 
eous shall speak wisdom. 

\In Paschal time, add Alleluia.] 

Answer. And his tongue talk of 
judgment. 

[In Paschal time, add Alleluia.] 
For one Holy Woma?i, of whatever kind. 

Verse. 5 God shall give her the 
help of His countenance. 

\In Paschal time, add Alleluia.] 

Answer. God is in the midst of 
her, she shall not be moved. 

\In Paschal time, add Alleluia.] 

The others, as well as what follows, 
to the end of the Service, are taken from 
the Second Nocturn of the Office common 
to Saints of the class, unless something 
special be appointed. The Lessons are 
arranged according to the rules in Chap 
ter xxvi. 4 of the general Rubrics. 
The Hymn, " We praise Thee, O God," 
is said at the end, i7istead of a Third 
Responsory. The Responsories are ar 
ranged according to the rules in Chapter 
xxvii. 4 of the general Rubrics. Thus ; 

The Lords Prayer is said : 

Father (inaudibly), Who art 
in heaven, Hallowed be Thy 
Name. Thy kingdom come. Thy 

Cf. Ecclus. xlv. 1 6, 27. 



Ps. xlv. 6 (Alexandrian version). 



TUESDAY AT MATTINS. 



103 



will be done on earth, as it is in 
heaven. Give us this day our daily 
bread. And forgive us our tres 
passes, as we forgive them that tres 
pass against us. (Aloud.) 

Verse. And lead us not into 
temptation. 

Answer. But deliver us from 
evil. 

Then this Absolution : 

AY His loving kindness and 
mercy help us, Who liveth 
and reigneth with the Father, and 
the Holy Ghost, world without end. 
Answer. Amen. 

Then the Reader says : 

Sir, be pleased to give the bless 
ing. 

First Blessing, if the Lesson be from 
Scripture. 

God the Father the Almighty 
Show on us His grace and mercy. 
Answer. Amen. 

First Blessing, if the Lesson be of an 
Homily. 

May the Gospel s saving Lord 
Bless the reading of His Word. 
Answer. Amen. 

First Blessing o?i a Simple Feast. 

May His blessing be upon us, 
Who doth live and reign for ever. 
Answer. Amen. 

Then is read the First Lesson from 
Scripture or from the Homily, or, on a 
Simple Feast, either the First from 
Scripture, or, if the Saint or Saints 
have two Lessons, the whole three Scrip- 
titre Lessons read together as one. 

Then the First Responsory, unless 
otherwise directed. On a week-day kept 
as such, this is the First Responsory of 
the Second Nocturn of the preceding 



Sunday. On a Simple Feast, it is the 
Jirst Responsory in the Common Office 
for the class to which the Saint belongs. 

Then the Reader says : 

Sir, be pleased to give the bless 
ing. 

Second Blessing, if the Lesson be of 
Scripture. 

May Christ to all His people give 
For ever in His sight to live. 
Answer. Amen. 

Second Blessing, if the Lesson be from 
an Homily. 

God s most mighty strength alway 
Be His people s staff and stay. 
Answer. Amen. 

Second Blessing, for a Simple Feast. 

He (or She or They) whose feast-day 

we are keeping 
Plead for us before the Lord. 
Ansiver. Amen. 

Then is read the Second Lesson, either 
from the Scripture or from ait Homily, 
or, on a Simple Feast, either the Second 
and Third Lessons from Scripture read 
together as one, or, if the Saint or Saints 
have two Lessons, the first of these. 

Then the Second Responsory, unless 
otherwise directed. On a week-day kept 
as such, this is the Second Responsory 
of the preceding Sunday, but in Paschal 
time there is added to it : 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

And the Answer of the Responsory is 
repeated again. 

On a Simple Feast the Second Re 
sponsory in the Common Office for the 
class to which the Saint belongs, with the 
addition of " Glory be to the Father," 
&*c., and the repetition of the Answer. 



IO4 



THE PSALTER. 



Then the Reader says : 

Sir, be pleased to give the bless 
ing. 

Third Blessing, if the Lesson be of 
Scripture, 

May the Spirit s fire divine 
In our inmost being shine. 
Answer. Amen. 

Third Blessing, for a Simple Feast, or 
if the Lesson be from an Homily. 



May He that is the Angels King 
To that high realm His people bring. 
Answer. Amen. 

Then is read the Third Lesson either 
from Scripture, or of the Homily, or, 
on Simple Feasts, the Second or only 
Lesson of the Saint. 

Then, on Simple Feasts and on any 
day in Paschal time save Rogation 
Monday is said the Hymn, " We praise 
Thee, O God." But on week-days kept 
as such out of Paschal time the Third 
Responsory of the preceding Sunday. 



tit 



THE THIRD DAY OF THE WEEK. 



All as on Sunday, except as otherwise 
given here. 

The Psalms are as follows : 
Antiphon. O Lord. 

Psalm L. 
Have mercy upon me, &c. (/. 

8 7 ). 

Antiphon. O Lord, blot out my 
transgressions. 

Second Antiphon. The health. 

PsalmXLII. 

[The Vulgate and the LXX. ascribe this 
Psalm "to David."] 

JUDGE me, O God, and plead 
J my cause against an ungodly 
nation : * O deliver me from the 
unjust and deceitful man. 

For Thou, O God, art my strength : 
* why dost Thou cast me off? and 
why go I mourning, because of the 
oppression of the enemy ? 

O send out Thy light and Thy 
truth : * let them lead me and bring 
me unto Thine holy hill, and unto 
Thy tabernacles ! 

Then will I go unto the Altar 
of God, * unto God, the Gladdener 
of my youth ! 

VOL. III. 



Upon the harp will I praise 
Thee, O God, my God ! * why art 
thou cast down, O my soul? and 
why dost thou disquiet me ? 

Hope thou in God : for I will still 
praise Him, * Who is the health of 
my countenance, and my God. 

Antiphon. The health of my 
countenance, and my God. 
Third Antiphon. Early. 

Psalms LXII., LXVI. 

O God, Thou art my God, &c. 
(P. 23)- 

Antiphon. Early will I seek Thee, 
OGod. 

Fourth Antiphon. Save us. 



THE SONG OF HEZEKIAH, KING OF 
JUDAH. (Isa. xxxviii. 10.) 

[Intituled "The writing of Hezekiah, 
King of Judah, when he had been sick, and 
was recovered of his sickness." The his 
tory will be found in 4 (2) Kings xx. (nth 
Sunday after Pentecost).] 

I SAID, In the midst of my days, 
* I shall go to the gates of the 
grave : 

I looked for the rest of my 
years. * I said, I shall not see the 
D 2 



io6 



THE PSALTER. 



LORD my God l in the land of the 
living : 

I shall behold man no more, * 
with the dwellers in the land of 
rest. 

Mine age is departed, and is 
rolled up from me, * as a shepherd s 
tent : 

My life is cut off as by a weaver : 
my web was scarce begun when He 
cut me off: * from day even to 
night wilt Thou make an end of 
me. 

I thought I might live till morn 
ing : * as a lion, so doth He break 
all my bones : 

From day even to night wilt Thou 
make an end of me. * Like a 
swallow s fledgling so did I twitter, 
I did coo as a dove : 

Mine eyes fail, * with looking 
upward. 

LORD, I am seized, undertake 
for me. * What shall I say, or what 
will He answer me, seeing that He 
Himself hath done it? 

1 will call to remembrance before 
Thee all my years * in the bitter 
ness of my soul. 

O Lord, if by these things men 
live, and in such things is the life 
of my spirit, so mayest Thou chasten 
me, and make me to live. * Be 
hold, mine anguish is [turned] into 
peace : 

But Thou hast delivered my soul 
from destruction : * Thou hast cast 
all my sins behind Thy back. 

For the grave cannot praise Thee, 
death cannot celebrate Thee : * they 
that go down into the pit cannot 
hope for Thy truth. 

The living, the living, he shall 



praise Thee, as I do this day : * 
the father to the children shall make 
known Thy truth. 

O LORD, save me : * and we will 
sing our songs all the days of our 
life in the house of the LORD. 

Antiphon. Save us all the days of 
our life, O Lord. 

Fifth Antiphon, Praise ye the 
LORD. 



Psalms CXLVIIL, CXLIX., CL. 

Praise ye the LORD from the 
heavens, &c. (pp. 25, 26). 

Antiphon. Praise ye the LORD 
from the heavens, all His Angels. 

CHAPTER. (Rom. xiii. 12.) 

The night is far spent, &c. (as on 
Monday, p. 89). 



D 



HYMN. 2 

,AY S herald bird 

At length is heard, 
Telling its morning torch is lit, 
And small and still 
Christ s accents thrill 
Within the heart, rekindling it. 

Away, He cries, 

With languid eyes, 
And sickly slumbers profitless ! 

I am at hand, 

As watchers stand, 
In awe, and truth, and holiness. 

He will appear, 
The hearts to cheer 
Of suppliants pale and abstinent 

Who cannot sleep 

Because they weep 
With holy grief and violent. 



1 " My God" is not in the Hebrew, but the Divine Name is repeated. 

2 Author of original, Aurelius Prudentius Clemens: b. 348 A.D., d. 
Translation by the late Card. Newman. 



after 405 A.D. 



TUESDAY AT LAUDS. 



107 



Keep us awake, 

The fetters break, 
JESU ! which night has forged for us ; 

Yea, melt the night 

To sinless light, 
Till all is bright and glorious. 

To Father, Son, 

And Spirit, one, 
To the Most Holy Trinity, 

All praise be given 

In earth and heaven, 
Now, as of old, and endlessly. Amen. 



Verse. * Thou hast satisfied us 
early with Thy mercy. 

Answer. We rejoice and are glad. 

Antiphonfor the SongofZacharias. 
The Lord hath raised up * an horn 
of salvation for us, in the house of 
His servant David. 

Commemoration of the Cross before 
the other general Commemorations, and 
Long Preces in Advent and Lent, and 
on Fast-days, as on Monday. 



1 Ps. Ixxxix. 14. 



loS 



at Jftattin*. 

THE FOURTH DAY OF THE WEEK. 



All as on Sunday except as otherwise 
given here. 

Invitatory. In Thy hand, O 
Lord, * are the inmost depths of 
the earth. 

HYMN. 1 

WHO madest all and dost control, 
Lord, with Thy touch divine, 
Cast out the slumbers of the soul, 
The rest that is not Thine. 

Look down, Eternal Holiness, 

And wash the sins away 
Of those, who, rising to confess, 

Outstrip the lingering day. 

Our hearts and hands by night, O Lord, 

We lift them in our need ; 
As holy Psalmists give the word, 

And holy Paul the deed. 

Each sin to Thee of years gone by, 
Each hidden stain lies bare ; 

We shrink not from Thine awful eye, 
But pray that Thou wouldst spare. 

Grant this, O Father, Only Son, 

And Spirit, God of grace, 
To Whom all worship shall be done 

In every time and place. Amen. 

Only one Nocturn is said. 
Antiphon. God bringeth back. 

In Paschal time only one Antiphon 
is said to the whole Nocturn. Alleluia. 



Psalm LI I. 

[Intituled "of David," with a further 
superscription, perhaps musical, but of a 
(now) uncertain meaning. The Targum 
gives it the additional superscription, "to 
render praise, for the reward of the impious 
who blasphemed the Name of the Lord." 
It is a repetition of Ps. xiii.] 

THE fool hath said in his heart : 
* There is no God. 

Corrupt are they and have done 
abominable iniquity : * there is 
none that doeth good. 

God looketh down from heaven 
upon the children of men, * to see 
if there be any that will understand, 
or that will seek God. 

Every one of them is gone back, 
they are altogether become unprofit 
able : * there is none that doeth 
good, no, not one. 

Have the workers of iniquity no 
knowledge, * who eat up my people 
as they eat bread ? 

They have not called upon God : 
* there were they in great fear, 
where no fear was. 

For God hath scattered the bones 
of them that work that which is 
pleasing in the sight of men : * 
they are put to shame, because God 
hath despised them. 

O that the salvation of Israel 



Another hymn of the Ambrosian school. Translation by the late Card. Newman. 



WEDNESDAY AT MATTINS. 



109 



were come out of Zion ! * when 
God bringeth back the captivity of 
His people, Jacob shall rejoice, and 
Israel shall be glad. 

Psalm LIV. 

[This Psalm has a superscription of which 
nothing can now be certainly interpreted, 
except the ascription of authorship "To 
David."] 

GIVE ear to my prayer, O God, 
and despise not my suppli 
cation : * attend unto me and hear 
me. 

I mourn in my exercise ; * and 
am troubled, because of the voice 
of the enemy, and because of the 
oppression of the wicked. 

For they cast iniquity upon me : 

* and in wrath they hate me. 
My heart is sore pained within 

me : * and the terrors of death are 
fallen upon me. 

Fearfulness and trembling are 
come upon me : * and darkness 
hath overwhelmed me. 

And I said : O that I had wings 
like a dove, * for then would I fly 
away and be at rest ! 

Lo, then would I wander far off, 

* and remain in the wilderness. 1 

I waited for Him Who hath de 
livered me * from distress of spirit 
and from tempest. 

Destroy, O Lord ! divide their 
tongues : * for I have seen iniquity 
and strife in the city. 

Day and night iniquity goeth 
round about upon her walls : * 
trouble also and unrighteousness are 
in the midst of her. 

Usury and guile * depart not 
from her streets. 

For if mine enemy had reproached 
me, * then I could have borne it. 



If he also that hated me had 
magnified himself against me, * 
then haply I would have hidden 
myself from him. 

But it was thou, a man like- 
minded, * my guide and mine ac 
quaintance : 

We took pleasant meats together : 

* we walked unto the house of God 
in company. 

Let death come upon them : * 
and let them go down quick into 
hell; 

For wickedness is in their dwell 
ings, * among them. 

But as for me I have called upon 
God : * and the LORD shall save 
me. 

Evening, and morning, and at 
noon will I complain and cry aloud, 

* and He shall hear my voice. 

He shall deliver my soul in 
peace from them that draw nigh 
against me : * for there were many 
against me. 

God shall hear and afflict them, 

* even He That abideth of old. 1 
Because they have no changes, 

therefore they fear not God. * He 
hath stretched forth His hand to 
requite them. 

They have broken His covenant : 
the anger of His countenance hath 
put them to flight, * and His wrath 
pursueth them. 

His words were softer than oil, 

* yet were they drawn swords. 
Cast thy burden upon the LORD, 

and He shall sustain thee : * He 
shall never suffer the righteous to 
be moved. 

But Thou, O God, shalt bring 
them down * into the pit of destruc 
tion. 

Bloody and deceitful men shall 



1 SLH. 



no 



THE PSALTER. 



not live out half their days : * but 
I will trust in Thee, O Lord. 

Antiphon. l God bringeth back 
the captivity of His people. 
Second Antiphon. For my soul. 



Psalm LV. 

[This Psalm has a long and very obscure 
superscription. From part of this it seems 
that it was written to be sung to a tune 
called "The dumb dove among foreigners." 
The authorship is ascribed " To David, 
when the Philistines took him in Gath." 
This may either be the occasion described 
in the note on Ps. xxxiii. (p. 78), or that 
narrated thus in I Kings (Sam.) xxvii. 
" And David said in his heart : I shall now 
perish one day by the hand of Saul ; there 
is nothing better for me than that I should 
speedily escape into the land of the Philis 
tines ; and Saul shall despair of me, to 
seek me any more in any coast of Israel ; 
so shall I escape -out of his hand. And 
David arose, and he passed over, with the 
six hundred men that were with him, unto 
Achish, the son of Maoch, king of Gath. 
. . . And it was told Saul that David was 
fled to Gath, and he sought no more again 
for him."] 

T3E merciful unto me, O God, for 
-D man treadeth me down : * he 
fighteth all the day long, and op- 
presseth me. 

Mine enemies tread me down all 
the day long : * for they be many 
that fight against me. 

The height of the morning makes 
me afraid, * but I will trust in 
Thee. 

In God I will praise His word, 
in God I have put my trust : * I 
will not fear what flesh can do unto 
me. 

All the day long they wrest my 
words : * all their thoughts are 
against me for evil. 

They gather themselves together 



and hide themselves : * they mark 
my steps. 

When they wait for my soul, 
for nothing shalt Thou deliver 
them : in Thine anger Thou 
shalt cast down the people. 

God, I have declared my life 
unto Thee, * Thou hast put my 
tears in Thy sight, 

Even as Thou hast promised. * 
Then shall mine enemies turn back, 

In whatsoever day I cry unto 
Thee : * behold, I know that Thou 
art my God. 

In God will I praise His word, 
in the LORD will I praise His 
word : * in God have I put my 
trust, I will not be afraid what 
man can do unto me. 

Thy vows are upon me, O God, 
* I will pay them, even praises 
unto Thee. 

For Thou hast delivered my 
soul from death, and my feet from 
falling ; * that I may walk before 
God in the light of the living. 

Psalm LVI. 

[Another long title of uncertain meaning. 
The Psalm seems to have been written for 
a tune called "Destroy not," "by David, 
when he fled from Saul in the cave" I 
Kings (Sam.) xxii. I "David therefore 
departed thence" (viz. from Gath) "and 
escaped to the cave Adullam." See the 
note on Ps. xxxiii., p. 78.] 

T3E merciful unto me, O God, 
*-* be merciful unto me : * for 
my soul trusteth in Thee. 

Yea, in the shadow of Thy wings 
will I make my refuge, * until this 
iniquity be overpast. 

1 will cry unto God Most High : 
* unto God, That performeth all 
things for me. 



1 Ps. lii. 7. 



WEDNESDAY AT MATTINS. 



Ill 



He hath sent from heaven, and 
saved me : * He hath given for a 
reproach them that trod me down. 1 

God hath sent forth His mercy 
and His truth ; * and delivered my 
soul from among the lions whelps ; 
I was troubled in my sleep. 

As for the sons of men, their 
teeth are spears and arrows, * and 
their tongue a sharp sword. 

Be Thou exalted, O God, above 
the heavens : * and let Thy glory 
be over all the earth. 

They prepared a net for my 
steps ; * and bowed down my soul. 

They digged a pit before me : * 
into the midst whereof they are 
fallen themselves. 1 

Mine heart is ready, O God, 
mine heart is ready : * I will sing, 
and give praise. 

Awake up, my glory ; awake, 
psaltery and harp : * I will awake 
early. 

I will praise Thee, O Lord, among 
the people ; * and sing unto Thee 
among the nations. 

For Thy mercy is great unto the 
heavens, * and Thy truth unto the 
clouds. 

Be Thou exalted, O God, above 
the heavens : * and let Thy glory 
be above all the earth. 

Antiphon. 2 For my soul trusteth 
in Thee. 

Third Antiphon. Judge uprightly. 

Psalm LVII. 

[This Psalm has the same title as the last, 
except the historical reference.] 

IF ye indeed speak righteousness, 
* judge uprightly, O ye sons of 
men. 



Yea, in heart ye work wickedness : 
* your hands weigh out violence in 
the earth. 

The wicked are estranged from 
the womb, they go astray from the 
belly, * speaking lies. 

Their poison is like the poison of 
a serpent : * they are like the deaf 
adder, that stoppeth her ears ; 

That will not hearken to the 
voice of charmers, * nor of the 
sorcerer charming never so wisely. 

God shall break their teeth in 
their mouth : * the LORD shall 
break off the great teeth of the 
lions. 

They shall melt away as waters 
which run down : * He bendeth. 
His bow until they be shattered. 

They shall melt away like melting 
wax : * fire taketh hold upon them 
and they see not the sun. 

As thorns that are plucked up 
before ever they be grown into a 
bush : * so even in their greenness, 
shall He root them up in His 
anger. 

The righteous shall rejoice when 
he seeth the vengeance : * he shall 
wash his hands in the blood of the 
wicked. 

And man shall say : Verily, there 
is a reward for the righteous, 
verily there is a God That judgeth 
the earth. 



Psalm LVII I. 

[This Psalm has the same title as the two 
last, with the addition : " when Saul sent, 
and they watched the house, to kill him." 
The occasion is thus described in I Kings 
(Sam.) xix. 1 1. " Saul also sent messengers 
unto David s house, to watch him, to slay 
him in the morning ; and Michal, David s 
wife, told him, saying : If thou save not thy 



SLH. 



I 12 



THE PSALTER. 



life to-night, to-morrow thou shall be slain. 
So Michal let David down through a 
window, and he went, and fled, and 
escaped."] 



me from mine ene- 
mies, O my God : * and 
defend me from them that rise up 
against me. 

Deliver me from the workers of 
iniquity : * and save me from bloody 
men. 

For, lo, they lie in wait for my 
life : * the mighty have fallen upon 
me. 

Not for my transgression, not for 
my sin, O LORD ; * I ran and 
ordered myself without fault. 

Awake to meet me, and behold : 

* O Thou, the LORD God of hosts, 
the God of Israel ! 

Awake to visit all the heathen : 

* be not merciful to any wicked 
transgressors. 1 

They come at evening and hunger 
like dogs ; * and go round about 
the city. 

Behold, they yelp with their 
mouth, and a sword is in their lips : 

* for who, say they, doth hear ? 
But Thou, O LORD, shalt laugh 

at them : * Thou shalt bring all 
the heathen to nought. 

O my strength, I will wait upon 
Thee, for Thou, O God, art my 
defence : * the mercy of my God 
shall receive me. 

God shall let me see all my 
desire upon mine enemies : slay 
them not ; * lest my people forget. 

Scatter them by Thy power : * 
and bring them down, O Lord our 
shield! 

For the sin of their mouth, and 
the words of their lips : * let them 
even be taken in their pride ; 

1 SLH. 



And at the end they shall be 
spoken of for cursing and lying : 

* and in the wrath at the end they 
shall perish. 

And they shall know that God 
ruleth in Jacob, * and unto the 
ends of the earth. 1 

They shall return at evening, 
and hunger like dogs : * and go 
round about the city. 

They shall wander up and down 
for meat; * and grudge if they be 
not satisfied. 

But I will sing of Thy power : 

* yea, I will sing aloud of Thy 
mercy in the morning. 

For Thou hast been my defence, 
* and refuge in the day of my 
trouble. 

Unto Thee, O my strength, will 
I sing, for God is my defence, * 
the God of my mercy. 

Antiphon. 2 Judge uprightly, O 
ye sons of men. 

Fourth Antiphon. Give us. 

Psalm LIX. 

[This Psalm has a superscription, prob 
ably musical, but the meaning of which is 
now uncertain. It then proceeds: "Of 
David, when he strove with Mesopotamia, 
and with Western Syria, when Joab re 
turned and smote of Edom in the valley 
of Salt " (viz. the Jordan valley near the 
Dead Sea) " twelve thousand." The oc 
casion was some very successful wars which 
David carried on against several neighbour 
ing kings, and which are described in 2 
Kings (Sam.) viii. and I Par. (Chron.) 
xviii. The Psalm seems to have been 
written under some temporary reverses 
during the campaign.] 

OGOD, Thou hast cast us off, 
and scattered us : * Thou 
hast been displeased, and hast had 
mercy upon us. 

2 Ps. Ivii. 2. 



WEDNESDAY AT MATTINS. 



Thou hast made the earth to 
tremble, and hast broken it : * 
heal the breaches thereof, for it 
shaketh. 

Thou hast showed Thy people 
hard things : * Thou hast made 
us to drink the wine of astonish 
ment. 

Thou hast given a warning to 
them that fear Thee, * that they 
may fly from before the bow. 1 

That Thy beloved may be deliv 
ered : * save with Thy right hand, 
and hear me. 

God hath spoken in His holi 
ness : * I will rejoice and divide 
Shechem, and mete out the valley 
of booths. 2 

Gilead is mine, and Manasseh 
is mine : * Ephraim also is the 
strength of mine head. 3 

Judah is my King : * Moab is 
the vessel [of the triumph] of mine 
hope. 4 

Over Edom will I cast out my 
shoe : * over the " Strangers " 5 
have I triumphed. 

Who will bring me into the 
strong city? * who will lead me 
into Edom? 

Wilt not Thou, O God, Who 
hast cast us off? * and wilt not 
Thou go out with our armies, O 
God? 

Give us help from trouble : * 
for vain is the help of man. 

Through God we shall do vali 
antly : * for He it is That shall 
tread down our enemies. 



Psalm LX. 

[Intituled "of David." It has also a 
musical (?) superscription now of uncertain 
meaning.] 

7_J EAR my cry, O God : * attend 
-* -* unto my prayer. 

From the ends of the earth I 
cried unto Thee : * when mine 
heart was overwhelmed, Thou didst 
lift me up upon a rock. 

Thou didst lead me, for Thou 
hast been a shelter for me, * a 
strong tower from the enemy. 

I will abide in Thy tabernacle 
for ever : * I will make my 
refuge in the covert of Thy 
wings. 1 

For Thou, O God, hast heard 
my vows : * Thou hast given the 
heritage to those that fear Thy 
name. 

Thou wilt prolong the King s 
life : * and his years to many 
generations. 

He shall abide before God for 
ever : * who will seek for His 
mercy and truth? 

So will I sing praise unto Thy 
name for ever : * that I may daily 
perform my vows. 

Antiphon. 6 Give us help from 
trouble, O Lord. 

Fifth Antiphon. Doth not my 
soul. 

If this Antiphon be used the Psalm 
commences with the words " Wait upon 
God." 



1 SLH. 

2 Shechem, now Nablus, in the valley between Mounts Ebal and Gerizim, called the 
" valley of booths " from those which Jacob erected there for his cattle. Gen. xxxiii. 17. 

3 These three form the central district of the Land of Promise. 

4 The Hebrew is " Moab is my wash-pot," that is, a receptacle for off-scourings. The 
comparison is with the Divinely appointed sovereignty of Judah, respecting whom see 
Gen. xlix. 10. 

5 That is, the Philistines. 6 Ps. lix. 13. 



114 



THE PSALTER. 



Psalm LXI. 

[This Psalm has exactly the same super 
scription as Ps. xxxviii.] 



not my soul wait upon 
God ? * for from Him com- 
eth my salvation. 

He only is my God and my 
salvation : * He is my defence, I 
shall not be greatly moved. 

How long will ye run together 
against a man ? * Do ye slay, all 
of you [one that is] as a bowing 
wall and as a tottering fence? 

Truly they imagined to cast me 
down from mine honour, when I 
ran in my thirst : * they blessed 
with their mouth and cursed in 
their heart. 1 

But wait thou on God, O my 
soul : * for mine expectation is 
from Him. 

For He only is my God and my 
salvation : * He is mine helper, I 
shall not be moved. 

In God is my salvation and my 
glory : He is the God of my 
strength, and my refuge is in God. 

Trust in Him, ye congregation 
of the people, pour out your heart 
before him : * God is our help for 
ever. 1 

Surely the sons of men are vanity, 
the sons of men are a lie in the 
balance : * they are a deceit, alto 
gether lighter than vanity. 

Trust not in iniquity, and desire 
not robbery : * if riches increase, 
set not your heart upon them. 

God hath spoken once, these two 
things have I heard ; that power be- 
longeth unto God : also unto Thee, O 
Lord, belongeth mercy : * for Thou 
shalt render to every man according 
to his works. 



Psalm LXI 1 1. 

[Intituled "A Psalm of David " with a 
farther superscription of meaning now 
uncertain.] 

T_T EAR my voice, O God, in my 
* -*- prayer : * preserve my life 
from fear of the enemy. 

Thou hast hidden me from the 
secret counsel of the wicked, * from 
the insurrection of the workers of 
iniquity. 

For they whet their tongue like 
a sword : * they bend their 
bow, even bitter words, that they 
may shoot in secret at the per 
fect. 

Suddenly do they shoot at him 
and fear not : * they encourage 
themselves in evil purpose. 

They commune of laying snares 
privily : * they say : Who shall see 
them ? 

They search out iniquities : 
they accomplish a diligent search. 

Man shall attain to thoughts that 
are very deep : * but God shall 
[still] be exalted. 

The arrows of babes have pierced 
them : * and their tongues are 
weakened against them. 

All that saw them were moved : 

* and all men feared, 

And declared the work of 
God, * and understood His 
doings. 

The righteous shall be glad in 
the LORD, and shall trust in Him : 

* and all the upright in heart shall 
glory. 

Antiphon. 2 Doth not my soul 
wait upon God ? 

Sixth Antiphon. O bless our 
God. 



1 SLH. 



Ps. Ixi. 2. 



WEDNESDAY AT MATTINS. 



Psalm LXV. 

[Except the words " Psalm or Song " the 
title of this Psalm is not now certainly 
understood. The Vulgate and the LXX. 
add "for the uprising."] 

A l\ AKE a joyful noise unto God, 
- all ye lands, sing forth the 
honour of His name : * make His 
praise glorious. 

Say unto God : How terrible art 
Thou in Thy works, O Lord! * 
through the greatness of Thy power 
shall Thine enemies feign to submit 
themselves unto Thee. 

Let all the earth worship Thee, 
and sing unto Thee : let them 
sing praises to Thy Name. 1 

Come and see the works of God ; 

* He is terrible in His counsels 
toward the children of men. 

He turned the sea into dry land, 
they went through the flood on foot : 

* there did we rejoice in Him. 

He ruleth by His power for ever, 
His eyes behold the nations : * let 
not the rebellious exalt themselves. 1 

bless our God, ye people : * 
and make the voice of His praise to 
be heard. 

Who holdeth my soul in life : 

* and suffereth not my feet to be 
moved. 

For Thou, O God, hast proved 
us : * Thou hast tried us with fire, 
as silver is tried. 

Thou broughtest us into the net, 
Thou laidst affliction upon our 
back : * Thou hast caused men to 
ride over our heads. 

We went through fire and through 
water : * and Thou broughtest us 
out into a place of refreshment. 

1 will go into Thine house with 



burnt-offerings : * I will pay Thee 
my vows, which my lips have uttered, 

And my mouth hath spoken, * 
when I was in trouble. 

I will offer unto Thee burnt- 
sacrifices of fatlings, with the in 
cense of rams : * I will offer unto 
Thee bullocks with goats. 1 

Come, hear, all ye that fear God, 
and I will declare * what He hath 
done for my soul. 

I cried unto Him with my mouth, 

* and extolled Him with my tongue. 
If I regard iniquity in mine heart, 

* the Lord will not hear me. 
Therefore God hath heard me, 

* and attended to the voice of my 
prayer. 

Blessed be God, * Who hath not 
turned away my prayer, nor His 
mercy from me. 

Psalm LXVII. 

[The meaning of the title of this Psalm, 
except the ascription of authorship " To 
David," is now uncertain.] 

T ET God arise, and let His 
enemies be scattered : * let 
them also that hate Him flee before 
Him. 

As smoke is driven away, so let 
them be driven away : * as wax 
melteth before the fire, so let the 
wicked perish at the presence of 
God. 

But let the righteous be glad, and 
rejoice before God : * yea, let them 
exceedingly rejoice. 

Sing unto God, sing praises to 
His name : * spread a path before 
Him That rideth upon the heavens : 
The LORD 2 is His name. 



1 SLH. 

2 "The LORD" is here, as elsewhere, substituted out of profound reverence for the real 
name of God, the Unspeakable Word, called the " Tetragrammaton," from its four letters. 



THE PSALTER. 



Rejoice before Him : * fear shall 
go before the face of Him That is 
the Father of the fatherless, and the 
Judge of the widows : 

Even God in His holy habitation : 

* God, That maketh men to be of 
one mind in an house. 

He bringeth out those which are 
bound with chains, * but they that 
provoke Him dwell among the 
graves. 

O God, when Thou wentest 
forth before Thy people, * when 
Thou didst march through the 
wilderness l 

The earth shook; the heavens 
also dropped at the presence of the 
God of Sinai, * at the presence of 
the God of Israel. 

Thou, O God, didst send a plen 
tiful rain 2 upon Thine inheritance : 

Thou didst refresh Thine inheri 
tance when it was weary. 

Thy flock dwelt therein : * Thou, 
O God, didst provide in Thy good 
ness for the poor. 

The Lord gave the word * to 
the great company that published 
it. 

3 The king of the hosts is [fallen 
into the hands] of the Well-beloved : 

* and the fair ones that tarried at 
home have divided the spoils. 

Though ye have lien among the 
sheep-folds, 4 yet shall ye be as the 
wings of a dove, covered with silver, 



* and her tail-feathers with yellow 
gold. 

When the [God] of heaven had 
scattered kings in it, then white as 
with snow was Salmon, 5 * that hill 
of God, that fruitful hill. 

An hill of many peaks, a fruitful 
hill : * why look ye enviously upon 
the high hills ? 

This 6 is the hill which God de- 
sireth to dwell in : * yea, the LORD 
will dwell in it unto the end. 

The chariots of God are many 
times ten thousand, even thousands 
of the blessed : * the Lord is among 
them; [as] in Sinai, [so] in the 
Holy place. 

Thou hast ascended on high, 
Thou hast led captivity captive : * 
Thou hast received gifts among 
men, 

Even them that believe not * 
that the LORD God dwelleth among 
them. 

Blessed be the Lord daily : * the 
God of our salvation maketh our 
way prosperous. 7 

He That is our God is the God 
of salvation : * and unto the LORD, 
even the Lord, belong the issues 
from death. 

But God shall wound the head 
of His enemies : * the hairy scalp 
of such an one as goeth on still 
in his trespasses. 

The Lord said : I will bring 



52 Perhaps the manna is meant. 

It need not be remarked that the sense of this verse is very obscure. In the view of 
P ^ ree , k ,, translators there see s to be a play upon the name of David, which signifies 
-Beloved. _ Perhaps an allusion to an army camping out in the fields. 

A mountain in Samaria, near Shechem, where David won great victories over some 

neighbouring kings See Ps. lix., p. 63. Gesenius thinks that white as with snow" is 

e understood "white with the bleached bones of the slain." But a modern writer, 

scribing a battle in the Soudan, and the defeat and flight of the Dervishes, says, " they 

broke, and fled leaving the field white with jibbah-clad corpses, like a meadow dotted 

with snowdrifts. 

6 Namely, perhaps, the group of hills on which Jerusalem stands, as opposed to the 
higher and more picturesque mountains at Shechem. 7 SLH. 



WEDNESDAY AT MATTINS. 



117 



them again from Bashan l : * I will 
bring them back from the depths 
of the sea. 

That thy foot may be dipped in 
the blood of thine enemies, * the 
tongue of thy dogs in the same. 

They have seen Thy goings, O 
God, * even the goings of my God, 
my King, Which dwelleth in the 
sanctuary. 

The singers went before, the 
players on instruments followed 
after, * among the damsels playing 
with timbrels. 

Bless ye God in the congrega 
tions, even the Lord, * ye that are 
of the fountains of Israel ! 

There is little Benjamin, * in the 
joy of his heart, 

The princes of Judah, their 
leaders, * the princes of Zabulon, 
the princes of Nephthali. 

Command it, O God, in Thy 
strength : * strengthen, O God, that 
which Thou hast wrought for us. 

Because of thy temple at Jeru 
salem, * shall kings bring presents 
unto Thee. 

Rebuke the beasts of the reeds, 2 
the multitude of the bulls with the 
cows of the people, * [who watch] 
that they may cut off them that are 
tried like silver. 3 

Scatter Thou the people that de 
light in war : ambassadors shall come 
out of Egypt : * Ethiopia shall soon 
stretch out her hands unto God. 

Sing unto God, ye kingdoms of 
the earth : * O sing praises unto 
the Lord. 4 



O sing praises unto God, even 
unto Him that rideth upon the 
heaven of heavens * from the day- 
spring. 

Lo, He shall send out His voice, 
and that a mighty voice. Ascribe 
ye strength unto God ; * over Israel 
is His excellency, and His strength 
is in the clouds. 

God is wonderful in His holy 
places: the God of Israel is He 
That shall give strength and power 
unto his people : * blessed be God. 

Antiphon? O bless our God, ye 
people. 

Antiphon for Paschal time. Al 
leluia, Alleluia, Alleluia. 

Then is said a Verse and Answer. 
In Advent. 

Verse. The LORD cometh out of 
His holy place. 

Answer. He will come and save 
His people. 

During the rest of the year. 

Verse. 6 O God, I have declared 
my life unto Thee. 

Answer. Thou hast put my tears 
in Thy sight. 

In Lent. 

Verse. His truth shall be thy 
shield. 

Answer. Thou shalt not be 
afraid for the terror by night. 

In Passion time. 

Verse. Take not away my soul 
with sinners, O God. 



1 The campaign of David related in 2 Kings (Sam.) viii. and I Par. (Chron.) xviii. 
extended to this neighbourhood. 

2 Perhaps meaning wild buffaloes. As to the comparison of the enemy to wild cattle, 
compare Ps. xxi. 13, " Many bulls have compassed me, strong bulls have beset me round." 

( If the words are to be taken thus, the reference is perhaps to David s veterans, but the 
lore likely to be " those that submissively offer in tribute pieces of silver." 

5 T>_ 1 O -- i 



meaning seems more 
4 SLH, 



5 Ps. Ixv. 8. 



6 Ps. Iv. 9. 



iiS 



THE PSALTER. 



Answer. Nor my life with bloody 
men. 

In Paschal time. 

Verse. The disciples were glad, 
Alleluia. 

Answer. When they saw the Lord, 
Alleluia. 

The rest is the same as the Third 
Nocturn of the preceding Sunday, ex 
cept necessary differences. The Lessons 
are those of the day. The Responsories 
are arranged according to the rules in 
Chapter xxvii. 4, 5, of the General 
Rubrics. 

Simple Feasts. It is to be remem 
bered that when a Simple Feast is kept 
on Wednesday, the Invitatory and Hymn 
are of the Feast, being taken from the 
Common of Saints of the class, unless 
specially given. Then the Psalms and 
Antiphons of the week- day, as given 
above. Then is said a Verse and An 
swer as follows ; 

For one or many Martyrs in Paschal 
time. 

Verse. l Everlasting joy upon 
their heads, Alleluia. 

Answer. They shall obtain joy 
and gladness, Alleluia. 

For one Martyr, (out of Paschal time.} 

Verse. 2 His glory is great in 
Thy salvation. 

Answer. Honour and great ma 
jesty shalt Thou lay upon him. 

For many Martyrs, (out of Paschal 
time.} 

Verse. 3 The righteous shall live 
for evermore. 

Answer. Their reward also is 
with the Lord. 

For a Bishop and Confessor. 

Verse. 4 Thou art a Priest for 
ever. 

[In Paschal time, add Alleluia.] 
1 Isa. xxxv. 10. 2 Ps. xx. 6. 3 Wisd. 



Answer. After the order of Mel- 
chisedeck. 

\In Paschal time, add Alleluia.] 

For a Confessor not a Bishop. 

Verse. 5 The law of his God is 
in his heart. 

[In Paschal time, add Alleluia.] 
Answer. And his steps shall not 
slide. 

[/?/ Paschal time, add Alleluia.] 
For one Holy Woman of any kind. 

Verse. God hath chosen her, and 
fore-chosen her. 

\In Paschal time, add Alleluia.] 
Answer. He hath made her to 
dwell in His tabernacle. 

\In Paschal time, add Alleluia.] 

The others, as well as what follows, 
to the end of the Service, are taken from 
the Third Nocturn of the Office Common 
to Saints of the class, unless something 
special be appointed, except necessary 
differences. The Lessons are arranged 
according to the rules in Chapter xxvi. 
4, of the general Rubrics. The Hymn 
"We praise Thee, O God," is said at 
the end, instead of a Third Responsory. 
The Responsories are arranged accord 
ing to the Rules in Chapter xxvii. 4, 5, of 
the General Rubrics. Thus : 

The Lord s Prayer is said : 

OUR Father (inaudibly), Who art 
in heaven, Hallowed be Thy 
Name. Thy Kingdom come. Thy 
will be done on earth, as it is in 
heaven. Give us this day our daily 
bread. And forgive us our tres 
passes, as we forgive them that tres 
pass against us. (Aloud.) 

Verse. And lead us not into 
temptation. 

Answer. 
evil. 



But deliver us from 



v. 16. 4 Ps. cix. 4. 5 Ps. xxxvi. 31. 



WEDNESDAY AT MATTINS. 



119 



Then this Absolution : 

IV /["AY the Almighty and merciful 
V*. Lord loose us from the bonds 
of our sins. 

Answer. Amen. 

Then the Reader says : 

Sir, be pleased to give the bless 
ing. 

First Blessing, if the Lesson be from 
Scripture. 

May His blessing be upon us, 
Who doth live and reign for ever. 
Answer. Amen. 

First Blessing, if the Lesson be of an 
Homily. 

May the Gospel s saving Lord 
Bless the reading of His Word. 
Answer. Amen. 



First Blessing on a Simple Feast. 

May His blessing be upon us 
Who doth live and reign for ever. 
Answer. Amen. 



Then is read the First Lesson from 
Scripture or from the Homily, or on a 
Simple Feast either the First from 
Scripture, or, if the Sai?it or Saints 
have two Lessons, the whole three from 
Scripttire read together as one. 

Then the First Responsory, unless 
otherwise directed. On a week- day kept 
as such, this is the First Responsory of 
the preceding Simday. On a Simple 
Feast, the First Responsory in the Com 
mon Office for the class to which the 
Saint belongs. 

Then the Reader says : 

Sir, be pleased to give the bless 
ing. 

Second Blessing, if the Lesson be of 
Scripture or from an Homily. 

God s most mighty strength alway 
Be His people s staff and stay. 
Answer. Amen. 



Second Blessing, for a Simple Feast. 

He (or She or They) whose feast-day 

we are keeping 
Plead for us before the Lord. 
Ansiver. Amen. 

Then is read the Second Lesson, either 
from Scripture or from an Homily, or 
on a Simple Feast either the Second 
and Third Lessons from Scripture 
read together as one, or if the Saint 
or Saints have two Lessons, the first 
of these. 

Then the Second Responsory, unless 
otherwise directed. On a week-day kept 
as such, this is the Second Responsory 
of the preceding Sunday, but in Paschal 
time there is added to it : 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

And the Answer of the Responsory is 
repeated again. 

On a Simple Feast the Second Re 
sponsory in the Common Office for the 
class to which the Saint belongs, with 
the addition of "Glory be to the 
Father," &*c., and the repetition of 
the Answer. 

Then the Reader says : 

Sir, be pleased to give the bless 
ing. 

Third Blessing. 

May He That is the Angels King 
To that high realm His people bring. 
Answer. Amen. 

Then is read the Third Lesson either 
from Scripture, or of the Homily, or on 
Simple Feasts the Second or only Lesson 
of the Saint. 

Then, on Simple Feasts and on any 
day in Paschal time is said the Hymn, 
"We praise Thee, O God." But on 
week-days kept as such out of Paschal 
time the Third Respo?isory of the pre 
ceding Sunday. 



I2O 



THE FOURTH DAY OF THE WEEK. 



All as on Sundays, except as other 
wise given here. 

The Psalms arc as follows: 
Antiphon. Wash me. 

Psalm L. 
Have mercy upon me, c., (/. 



Antiphon. Wash me throughly 
from mine iniquity, O Lord. 

Second Antiphon. Praise be- 
cometh Thee. 

If this Antiphon be used the Psalm 
begins with the words, " O God, in 
Zion." 

Psalm LX1V. 

[Intituled "A Psalm. A Song of 
David," with a musical (?) superscription. 
The Vulgate adds that its use was pre 
scribed by Jeremiah and Ezekiel to the 
exiles when they began to return from 
the Captivity.] 

PRAISE becometh Thee, O God, 
in Zion : * and unto Thee 
shall the vow be performed in Jeru 
salem. 

Hear my prayer : * unto Thee 
shall all flesh come. 

Iniquities prevail against us : * 
but as for our transgressions, Thou 
shalt purge them away. 



Blessed is the man whom Thou 
choosest, and causest to come near 
unto Thee : * he shall dwell in 
Thy courts : 

We shall be satisfied with the 
goodness of Thine house : * Thy 
temple is holy, terrible in right 
eousness. 

Answer us, O God of our salva 
tion : * Thou that art the confidence 
of all the ends of the earth, and 
of the uttermost parts of the sea! 

Thou that by Thy strength settest 
fast the mountains, being girded 
with power : * Thou that stirrest 
up the depth of the sea, and the 
noise of his waves ! 

The heathen shall be troubled. 
They that dwell in the uttermost 
parts shall be afraid at Thy tokens : 
* Thou makest the outgoings of the 
morning and evening to rejoice. 

Thou visitest the earth and water- 
est it : * Thou greatly enrichest it : 

The river of God is full of water : 
Thou makest ready their corn, * for 
Thou hast so prepared it. 

Drench her furrows, increase the 
fruits thereof: * the springing there 
of shall rejoice at her showers. 

Thou crownest the year with Thy 
goodness : * and Thy fields teem 
with fruitfulness. 

The green places of the wilder- 



WEDNESDAY AT LAUDS. 



121 



ness wax fruitful : * and the little 
hills are girded with joy. 

The pastures are clothed with 
flocks ; the valleys also overflow 
with corn : * they shout for joy, 
yea, they sing. 

Antiphon. Praise becometh Thee, 
O God, in Zion. 

Third Antiphon. O my God. 

Psalms LXII., LXVI. 
O God, Thou art my God, &c., 



Antiphon. O my God, my lips 
shall praise Thee while I live. 

Fourth Antiphon. The LORD 
shall judge. 

THK SONG OF HANNAH, (i Kings 
(Sam.) ii.) 

[Composed by her when she brought her 
son Samuel and presented him to the LORD. 
See i Kings (Sam.) i. ii., (Monday and 
Tuesday after Trinity Sunday.)] 



heart rejoiceth in the 
LORD, * and mine horn is 
exalted in my GOD : l 

My mouth is enlarged over mine 
enemies : * because I rejoice in Thy 
salvation. 

There is none holy as the LORD ; 
for there is none beside Thee : * 
neither is there any mighty like our 
God. 

Talk no more * so exceeding 
proudly. 

Let your old arrogancy depart out 
of your mouth : for the LORD is a 
God of knowledge, * and by Him 
thoughts are judged. 

The bows of the mighty men are 
broken, * and they that stumbled 
are girded with strength. 



They that were full have hired 
out themselves for bread : * and 
they that were hungry are filled. 

So that the barren hath borne 
fruitfully : * and she that had many 
children is waxed feeble. 

The LORD killeth, and maketh 
alive : * He bringeth down to the 
grave, and bringeth up. 

The LORD maketh poor, and 
maketh rich: * He bringeth low, 
and lifteth up. 

He raiseth up the poor out of the 
dust, * and lifteth up the beggar 
from the dunghill, 

To set them among princes, * and 
to make them inherit the throne of 
glory : 

For the pillars of the earth are 
the LORD S, * and He hath set the 
world upon them. 

He will keep the feet of His 
saints, and the wicked shall be silent 
in darkness : * for by his strength 
shall no man prevail. 

The adversaries of the LORD shall 
be made to fear Him : * out of 
heaven also shall He thunder upon 
them. 

The LORD shall judge the ends 
of the earth : and He shall give 
strength unto His King, * and exalt 
the horn of His Anointed. 

Antiphon. The LORD shall judge 
the ends of the earth. 

Fifth Antiphon. Praise God. 

Psalms CXLVIII., CXLIX., CL. 

Praise ye the LORD from the 
heavens, &<:., (//. 25, 26). 

Antiphon. Praise God, ye heavens 
of heavens. 



The Divine Name. 



122 



THE PSALTER. 



CHAPTER. (Rom. xiii. 12.) 

The night is far spent, &c., (as on 
Monday, p. 89). 



HYMN. 1 

HAUNTING gloom and flitting 
shades, 

Ghastly shapes, away ! 
Christ is rising, and pervades 
Highest Heaven with day. 

He with His bright spear the Anight 

Dazzles and pursues ; 
Earth wakes up, and glows with light 

Of a thousand hues. 

Thee, O Christ, and Thee alone, 

With a single mind, 
We with chant and plaint would own ; 

To thy flock be kind. 



Much it needs Thy light divine, 

Spot and stain to clean ; 
Light of Angels, on us shine 

With Thy face serene. 

To the Father, and the Son, 

And the Holy Ghost, 
Here be glory, as is done 

By the angelic host. Amen. 

Verse. Thou hast satisfied us 
early with Thy mercy. 

Answer. We rejoice and are glad. 

Antiphon for the Song of Zacharias. 
O Lord, save us * from the hand of 
all that hate us. 

Commemoration of the Cross before the 
other Commemorations, and Long Preces 
in Advent and Lent, on the Ember 
Wednesdays (except that of Pentecost) 
and on Fast-days, as on Monday. 



1 Hymn founded on hymn in the Cathemerinon of Prudentius ; translation by the late 
Card. Newman. 



I2 3 



at JEattins. 

THE FIFTH DAY OF THE WEEK. 



All as on Sunday, except as other 
wise given here. 

Invitatory. 
hath made us 
worship Him. 



It is the Lord That 
: * O come, let 



Psalm LXVIII. 

[Intituled "Of David," with 
certain) musical (?) direction.] 



(now un- 



US 



me, 



are 



HYMN. 1 

A LL tender lights, all hues divine, 
-** The night has swept away ; 
Shine on us, Lord, and we shall shine 
Bright in an inward day. 

The spots of guilt, sin s wages base, 
Searcher of hearts, we own ; 

Wash us and robe us in Thy grace, 
Who didst for sins atone. 



O God; for the 
come in unto my 



CAVE 
^ waters 
soul. 

I sink in deep mire, * where 
there is no standing. 

I am come into the depth of the 
sea, * and the flood overfloweth me. 

I am weary of my crying, my 
throat is dried : * mine eyes fail, 
v/hile I wait for my God. 

They that hate me without a 



The sluggard soul, that bears their cause, * are more than the hairs of 
mark, 

Shrinks in its silent lair, 
Or gropes amid its chambers dark 

For Thee, Who art not there. 



Redeemer ! send Thy piercing rays, 

That we may bear to be 
Set in the light of Thy pure gaze, 

And yet rejoice in Thee. 

Grant this, O Father, Only Son, 

And Spirit, God of grace, 
To whom all worship shall be done 

In every time and place. 

Amen. 

Only one No c turn is said. 
Antiphon. Make haste. 

In Paschal time only one Antiphon 
is said to the whole Nocturn. Alleluia. 



mine head. 

They that would destroy me, 
being mine enemies wrongfully, are 
mighty : * then I restored that 
which I took not away. 

O God, Thou knowest my fool 
ishness : * and my faults are not 
hid from Thee. 

Let not them that wait on Thee, 
O Lord, be ashamed for my sake, * 
Thou LORD of hosts. 

Let not those that seek Thee * 
be confounded for my sake, O God 
of Israel. 

Because for Thy sake I have 
borne reproach : * shame hath 
covered my face. 



Ambrosian hymn ; translation by the late Card. Newman. 



I2 4 



THE PSALTER. 



I am become a stranger unto my 
brethren, * and an alien unto my 
mother s children. 

For the zeal of Thine house hath 
eaten me up : * and the reproaches 
of them that reproached Thee are 
fallen upon me. 

And I chastened my soul with 
fasting : * and that was to my re 
proach. 

I made sackcloth also my gar 
ment, * and I became a proverb to 
them. 

They that sat in the gate spake 
against me, * and I was the song of 
the drunkards. 

But as for me, my prayer is unto 
Thee, O LORD : * in an acceptable 
time, O God ! 

In the multitude of Thy mercy 
hear me, * in the truth of Thy 
salvation ! 

Deliver me out of the mire, that 
I sink not : * deliver me from them 
that hate me, and out of the deep 
waters. 

Let not the waterflood overflow 
me, neither let the deep swallow me 



up, 



and let not the pit shut her 



mouth upon me. 

Hear me, O LORD, for Thy 
loving - kindness is good : * turn 
unto me according to the multitude 
of Thy tender mercies. 

And hide not Thy face from Thy 
servant, * for I am in trouble ; hear 
me speedily. 

Draw nigh unto my soul, and re 
deem it : * deliver me because of 
mine enemies. 

Thou knowest my reproach, and 
my shame, * and my dishonour. 

Mine adversaries are all before 
Thee : * mine heart hath looked for 
reproach and bitterness. 

And I looked for some to take 



pity on me, and there was none : * 
and for comforters, and I found 
none. 

They gave me also gall for meat : 

* and in my thirst they gave me 
vinegar to drink. 

Let their table be made a snare 
before them, * and a recompense, 
and a stumbling-block. 

Let their eyes be darkened, that 
they see not : * and ever bow Thou 
down their back. 

Pour out Thine indignation upon 
them, * and let Thy wrathful anger 
take hold of them. 

Let their habitation be desolate : 

* and let none dwell in their tents. 
For they persecute him whom 

Thou hast smitten : and they 
embitter the pain of my wounds. 
Add iniquity unto their iniquity : 

* and let them not come into Thy 
righteousness. 

Let them be blotted out of the 
book of the living : * and not be 
written with the righteous. 

But I am poor and sorrowful : * 
Thy salvation, O God, hath set me 
up on high. 

I will praise the name of God 
with a psalm, * and will magnify 
Him with thanksgiving. 

And it shall please GOD better 
than a young bullock, * that hath 
horns and hoofs. 

Let the humble see this and be 
glad, * seek God, and your soul 
shall live. 

For the LORD heareth the poor : 

* and despiseth not His prisoners. 
Let the heaven and earth praise 

Him, * the sea, and everything 
that moveth therein. 

For God will save Zion, * and 
the cities of Judah shall be built 
up. 



THURSDAY AT MATTINS. 



125 



And they shall dwell there, * 
and have it in possession. 

The seed also of His servants 
shall inherit it, * and they that 
love His name shall dwell therein. 

Psalm LXIX. 

[Intituled "Of David, to bring to re 
membrance " with another (now uncertain) 
musical (?) superscription. The Vulgate 
and the LXX. add to remembrance "how 
the Lord had saved him " ; the Targum 
associates the Psalm with the offering of 
the incense. This Psalm is a repetition 
of the last four verses of Ps. xxxix.] 

IX/TAKE haste, O God, to de- 
^V^ liver me : * make haste to 
help me, O LORD. 

Let them be ashamed and con 
founded, * that seek after my 
soul. 

Let them be turned backward 
and put to confusion, * that de 
sire mine hurt. 

Let them be turned back with 
shame, * that say unto me, Aha, 
Aha. 

Let all those that seek Thee be 
joyful and glad in Thee, * and let 
such as love Thy salvation say con 
tinually : Let the Lord be magnified. 

But I am poor and needy : * 
help me, O God. 

Thou art mine help and my 
deliverer : * O LORD, make no 
tarrying. 

Antiphon. 1 Make haste, O Lord 
God, to deliver me. 

Second Antiphon. Be Thou my 
God. 

Psalm LXX. 

[The Vulgate and the LXX. give the 
heading, "A Psalm of David ; of the Sons 
of Jonadab, and the first Captives." The 



sons of Jonadab are the descendants of 
Jonadab, the son of Rechab, of whose 
faithfulness to observe a nomadic life, 
and to abstain from wine, it is written 
in Jer. xxxv. 19: "Therefore thus saith 
the LORD of Hosts, the God of Israel : 
Jonadab, the son of Rechab, shall not 
want a man to stand before me for 
ever." They had taken refuge at Jeru 
salem to escape the incursions of Nebu 
chadnezzar, and the meaning seems to 
be that when they and others were carried 
away as captives, they made special use 
of this Psalm.] 

TN Thee, O LORD, have I put 
^ my trust, let me never be put 
to confusion : * deliver me in Thy 
righteousness, and cause me to es 
cape. 

Incline Thine ear unto me, * 
and save me. 

Be Thou my God, my Pro 
tector, and my strong habitation, 

* to save me. 

For Thou art my rock, * and 
my fortress. 

Deliver me, O my God, out of 
the hand of the wicked, * and out 
of the hand of the unrighteous and 
cruel man. 

For Thou art mine hope, O Lord : 

* O LORD, Thou art my trust from 
my youth. 

By Thee have I been holden up 
from the womb : * Thou art my 
defence from my mother s bowels. 

My praise shall be continually 
of Thee : * I am a wonder unto 
many : but Thou art my strong 
refuge. 

Let my mouth be filled with 
Thy praise, that I may sing of 
Thy glory, * all the day long of 
Thy greatness. 

Cast me not off in the time of 
old age : * forsake me not when 
my strength faileth. 



1 Ps. Ixix. i. 



126 



THE PSALTER. 



For mine enemies * speak against 
me, * and they that lay wait for 
my soul take counsel together, 

Saying : God hath forsaken him : 
persecute and take him, * for there 
is none to deliver him. 

O God, be not far from me : * 
O my God, make haste for mine 
help. 

Let them be confounded and 
consumed that are adversaries to 
my soul : * let them be covered 
with reproach and dishonour, that 
seek mine hurt. 

But I will hope continually, * 
and will yet praise Thee more and 
more. 

My mouth shall show forth Thy 
righteousness, * Thy salvation all 
the day. 

And because I know not the tale 
thereof, I will go in the strength of 
the Lord : * O LORD, I will make 
mention of Thy righteousness, even 
of Thine only. 

God, Thou hast taught me 
from my youth : and hitherto 
have I declared Thy wondrous 
works. 

Now also when I am old and 
grey-headed, * O God, forsake me 
not, 

Until I have showed Thy strength 
* unto all generations, that are to 
come. 

Thy power and Thy righteous 
ness, O God, are in the highest, 
Who hast done great things : * O 
God, who is like unto Thee? 

Thou Who hast showed me great 
and sore troubles, shalt quicken me 
again : * and bring me up again 
from the depths of the earth. 

Thou hast increased Thy great 
ness : * and again comforted me. 

1 will also praise Thee on the 



psaltery, even Thy truth : * O 
God, unto Thee will I sing with 
the harp, O Thou Holy One of 
Israel ! 

My lips shall be fain when I sing 
unto Thee, * and my soul which 
Thou hast redeemed. 

My tongue also shall talk of Thy 
righteousness all the day long : * for 
they are confounded and brought 
unto shame that seek mine hurt. 

PSALM LXXI. 

[Intituled " Of Solomon," that is, written 
concerning him.] 

GIVE the king Thy judgment, O 
God, * and Thy righteousness 
unto the king s son. 

To judge Thy people with right 
eousness, and Thy poor with 
judgment. 

The mountains shall receive peace 
with the people, * and the little hills 
righteousness. 

He shall judge the poor of the 
people, and save the children of the 
needy, * and shall break in pieces 
the false accuser. 

And he shall endure with the sun, 
and before the moon, * throughout 
all generations. 

He shall come down like rain 
upon a fleece, * and as showers that 
water the earth. 

In his days shall righteousness 
flourish, and abundance of peace, 
* so long as the moon endureth. 

He shall have dominion also from 
sea to sea : * and from the river 
unto the ends of the earth. 

The Ethiopians shall fall before 
him : * and his enemies shall lick 
the dust. 

The kings of Tarshish, and of the 
isles shall bring presents : * the 



THURSDAY AT MATTINS. 



127 



kings of Arabia and Saba l shall 
offer gifts. 

Yea, all the kings of the earth 
shall fall down before him : all 
nations shall serve him. 

For he shall deliver the needy 
from the strong, * the poor also that 
hath no helper. 

He shall spare the poor and 
needy, * and shall save the souls of 
the needy. 

He shall redeem their soul from 
fraud and violence : * and precious 
shall their name be in his sight. 

And he shall live, and to him 
shall be given of the gold of Arabia ; 
prayer also shall be made for him 
continually ; * all the day long shall 
he be blessed. 

And there shall be a staff of 
bread in the land, upon the top of 
the mountains ; the fruit thereof 
shall be higher than Lebanon : * 
and they of the city shall flourish 
like grass of the earth. 

Blessed be his name for ever : * 
his name endureth as long as the sun. 

And in him shall all the kindreds 
of the earth be blessed : * all nations 
shall call him blessed. 

Blessed be the LORD God of Is 
rael, * Who only doth wondrous 
things. 

And blessed be His glorious 
Name for ever : * and let the whole 
earth be filled with his glory : Amen, 
Amen. 2 

Antiphon. 3 Be Thou my God, 
my protector. 

Third Antiphon. Thou hast re 
deemed the rod. 



Psalm LXXII. 
[Intituled "A Psalm of Asaph."] 



God is good to Israel, * 
to such as are upright in 
heart. 

But as for me, my feet were al 
most gone : * my steps had well 
nigh slipped. 

For I was envious at the un 
righteous, * when I saw the pros 
perity of the wicked. 

For they have no thought of 
death : * and they are uncon 
cerned in trial. 

They are not in trouble as other 
men, * neither are they plagued like 
other men. 

Therefore pride compasseth them 
about, * violence and ungodliness 
cover them as a garment. 

Their iniquity ariseth as it were 
from fatness : * they have more 
than heart could wish. 

They think and speak wickedness : 
* they speak loftily concerning op 
pression. 

They set their mouth against the 
heavens, * and their tongue walketh 
through the earth. 

Therefore my people turn aside 
after them : * and the men of their 
day run after them. 

And they say : How doth God 
know, * and is there knowledge in 
the Most High ? 

Behold, these are the ungodly, 
who prosper in the world, * they 
increase in riches. 

And I said : Then I have cleansed 
mine heart in vain, * and washed 
mine hands in innocency. 



1 This seems to be Meroe, a province of Ethiopia. 

2 After this, there is the following notification, "The prayers of David, the son of 
Jesse, are ended, 1 and this is the end of the second of the five books into which the 
Psalter is divided. 3 Ps. Ixx. 3. 



128 



THE PSALTER. 



For all the day long have I been 
plagued, * and chastened every 
morning. 

If I say : I will speak thus : * 
behold, I should disown the gener 
ation of Thy children. 

And I thought to know this, * 
it was too hard for me ; 

Until I went into the Sanctuary 
of God, * and understood their 
hereafter. 

Surely Thou dost set them in 
slippery places : * Thou castest 
them down even in their pros 
perity. 

How are they brought into deso 
lation ? In a moment are they 
perished, " they are utterly con 
sumed because of their wickedness. 

As a dream when one awaketh, 

Lord, * Thou shalt bring their 
image to nought in Thy city. 

For mine heart was on fire, and 

1 was pricked in my reins ; * and I 
was brought to nothing and knew 
not : 

I became as a beast before Thee : 

* nevertheless I am continually with 
Thee: 

Thou hast holden me by my 
right hand, and guided me accord 
ing to Thy will, * and received me 
to glory. 

For what have I in heaven, * and 
what is there upon earth that I 
desire beside Thee ? 

My flesh and mine heart faileth : 

* Thou art the God of mine heart, 
and God is my portion for ever. 

For, lo, they that go far from 
Thee shall perish : * Thou hast 
destroyed all them that go a whor 
ing from Thee. 

But it is good for me to draw 
near to God : * to put my trust in 
the Lord GOD, 



That I may declare all Thy 
praises, * in the gates of the 
daughter of Zion. 

Psalm LXXIII. 

[Intituled "A didactic (?) Psalm of 
Asaph."] 

GOD, why hast Thou cast us 
off for ever : * why doth 
Thine anger smoke against the 
sheep of Thy pasture ? 

Remember Thy congregation, * 
which Thou hast purchased of 
old. 

Thou hast redeemed the rod of 
Thine inheritance : * Mount Zion 
wherein Thou hast dwelt. 

Lift up Thine hands against their 
perpetual pride : * even all that 
the enemy hath done wickedly in 
the sanctuary ! 

They also that hate Thee roar, * 
in the midst of Thy solemn con 
gregation. 

They set up their ensigns for 
trophies * on the pinnacles [of Thy 
temple] as though it had been the 
gate [of their own city] ; and con 
sidered not ! 

As the fellers in a wood of thick 
trees, so did they hew down the 
gates thereof: * they have broken 
it down with axes and hammers. 

They have set on fire Thy Sanc 
tuary : * they have defiled the 
dwelling-place of Thy name by 
casting it down to the ground. 

The sort of them said in their 
hearts with one consent : * Let us 
put away the feast-days of God out 
of the land. 

We see not our signs, there is no 
more any prophet : * and none 
knoweth us any more. 

O God, how long shall the ad- 



THURSDAY AT MATTINS. 



I2 9 



versary reproach ? * Shall the enemy 
blaspheme Thy name for ever ? 

Why withdrawest Thou Thine 
hand, even Thy right hand, * from 
Thy bosom for ever ? 

But God is our King of old, * 
working salvation in the midst of 
the earth. 

Thou by Thy strength didst 
make the sea to stand on an heap : 
Thou brakest the heads of the 
dragons in the waters. 

Thou brakest the heads of le 
viathan in pieces : * Thou gavest 
him to be meat to the people 1 of 
Ethiopia. 

Thou didst cleave the fountains 
and the floods : * Thou driedst up 
the rivers of Ethan. 2 

The day is Thine, the night also 
is Thine : * Thou hast created the 
light and the sun. 

Thou hast set all the borders of 
the earth: * Thou hast made 
summer and spring. 

Remember this, that the enemy 
hath reproached the LORD : * and 
that a foolish people have blas 
phemed Thy name. 

O deliver not unto beasts the 
souls of them that praise Thee : * 
and forget not the souls of Thy poor 
for ever. 

Have respect unto Thy cove 
nant : * for the dark places of the 
earth are full of the habitations of 
cruelty. 

O let not the oppressed return 
ashamed : * let the poor and needy 
praise Thy name. 

Arise, O God, judge Thine own 



cause : * remember how the foolish 
man reproacheth Thee daily. 

Forget not the voice of Thine 
enemies : * the pride of them that 
hate Thee ascendeth continually. 

Antiphon. 3 Thou hast redeemed 
the rod of Thine inheritance. 

Fourth Antiphon. And we will 
call. 

Psalrn LXXIV. 

[Intituled " A Psalm A Song of Asaph," 
with a superscription of meaning now un 
certain, but, in part, indicating the tune 
"Destroy not." The Targum says that it 
was composed as a thanksgiving at the time 
when David said " Destroy not thy people," 
and the occasion meant is probably that of 
the plague provoked by David s number 
ing of the people, as related in the last 
chapter of 2 Kings (Sam.)] 

T INTO Thee, O God, will we 
^ give thanks : * we will give 
thanks and call upon Thy name. 

We will declare Thy wondrous 
works : * when I shall take a set 
time, I will judge uprightly. 

The earth and all the inhabitants 
thereof are dissolved : * I bear up 
the pillars of it. 4 

I said unto the wicked : Deal 
not wickedly: * and to the evil 
doers : Lift not up your horn on 
high. 

Lift not up your horn on high : 
speak not wickedness against 
God. 

For neither from the east, nor 
from the west, nor from the desert 
mountains : * for God is the judge : 

He putteth down one, and setteth 
up another : * for in the hand of the 



People probably referring to the wild beasts, (as in Proverbs xxx. 25 26 "The ants 
are a people not strong the conies are but a feeble folk ") who ate the dead bodies of the 
l^gyptians (whose power seems meant by the leviathan) washed upon the shores of the 
Red Sea. 

Ethan = continuity "The continuously flowing streams " 
Ps. Ixxiii. 2. 
VOL. III. 



130 



THE PSALTER. 



LORD there is a cup of strong wine 
full of mixture. 1 

And he turneth it this way and 
that : surely the dregs thereof are 
not wrung out : * all the wicked of 
the earth shall drink them. 

But I will declare for ever : * I 
will sing praises to the God of Jacob. 

All the horns of the wicked also 
will I break : * and the horns of the 
righteous shall be exalted. 

Psalm LXXV. 

[Intituled " A Psalm A Song of Asaph," 
with a farther superscription similar to the 
preceding. The Vulgate and the LXX. add 
"against the Assyrians " ; the meaning pro 
bably is that it was found appropriate as a 
Psalm of thanksgiving after the destruction 
of the Assyrians (3 (2) Kings xix. 35).] 

T N Judah is God known : * His 
-* name is great in Israel. 

And His tabernacle is in "Peace," 2 

* and His dwelling-place in Zion. 
There brake He the arrows of the 

bow, * the shield, the sword, and 
the battle. 3 

When Thou didst make Thy light 
to shine forth right wondrously from 
the everlasting hills : * all they that 
were foolish of heart were troubled : 

They have slept their sleep : * 
and all the men of riches have found 
nothing in their hands. 

At Thy rebuke, O God of Jacob, 

* they that rode upon horses are 
cast into a dead sleep. 

Thou art to be feared ; and who 
shall withstand Thee, * when once 
Thou art angry ? 

Thou didst cause judgment to 
be heard from heaven : * the earth 
trembled and was still, 



When God arose to judgment, * 
to save all the meek of the earth. 3 

For the thoughts of man shall 
praise Thee : * the remainder of 
his thoughts shall keep holy his days 
before Thee. 

Vow, and pay unto the LORD 
your God : * all ye that are round 
about Him bring presents, 

Even unto Him That ought to be 
feared, and that cutteth off the spirit 
of princes, * to Him That is terrible 
among the kings of the earth. 

Antiphon. 4 And we will call 
upon Thy name, O Lord. 

Fifth Antiphon. Thou art the 
God. 

Psalm LXXVI. 

[Intituled "A Psalm of Asaph," with a 
musical (?) direction, addressed to Jeduthun.] 

T CRIED unto the Lord with my 
-** voice ; * even unto God with 
my voice, and He gave ear unto 
me. 

In the day of my trouble I 
sought the Lord ; in the night with 
my hands I sought Him * and failed 
not. 

My soul refused to be comforted : 

* I remembered God, and rejoiced, 
and pondered, and my spirit was 
overwhelmed. 3 

Mine eyes anticipated the night 
watches : * I was troubled, and 
spake not. 

I have considered the days of old, 

* and had in mind the everlasting 
years. 

In the night also I commune with 
mine own heart : * and I mused, 
and searched out mine own spirit. 



1 Aromatic herbs, &c., were mixed with wine to make it more intoxicating. 
Smith s Diet, of the Bible, Wine. 



See 



2 Peace a translation of "Salem." 



8 SLH. 



4 Ps. Ixxiv. 2. 



THURSDAY AT MATTINS. 



Will God cast off for ever? * or 
will He be favourable no more ? 

Or will He put away His mercy 
for ever, * to generation and genera 
tion? 

Or hath God forgotten to be 
gracious ? * or will He in His anger 
shut up His tender mercies ? l 

And I said : Now have I begun : 

* the change cometh of the right 
hand of the Most High. 

I remembered the works of the 
LORD: * surely I will remember 
Thy wonders of old. 

I will meditate also of all Thy 
work : * and talk of Thy doings. 

Thy way, O God, is in the sanc 
tuary. Who is so great a God as our 
God? * Thou art the God That 
doest wonders. 

Thou hast declared Thy strength 
among the people : * Thou hast with 
Thine arm redeemed Thy people, 
the sons of Jacob and Joseph. 1 

The waters saw Thee, O God, 
the waters saw Thee : * and they 
were afraid, the depths also were 
troubled. 

There was a noise as of many 
waters, * the clouds sent out a 
sound. 

Thine arrows also went abroad : 

* the voice of Thy thunder rolled. 
Thy lightnings lightened the 

-world : * the earth trembled and 
shook. 

Thy way is in the sea, and Thy 
paths in the great waters : * and 
Thy footsteps are not known. 

Thou leddest Thy people like a 
flock, * by the hand of Moses and 
Aaron. 



Psalm LXXVII. 

[Intituled " A didactic (?) poem of 
Asaph."] 



ear, O my people, to my 
law : * incline your ears to 
the words of my mouth. 

1 will open my mouth in para 
bles : * I will utter dark sayings 
of old. 

Which we have heard and known, 

* and our fathers have told us. 
They are not hidden from their 

children, in the generation to 
come : 

Showing the praises of the LORD, 
and His mighty acts, * and His 
wonderful works that He hath done. 

He established also a testimony 
in Jacob, * and appointed a law 
in Israel. 

Which He commanded our fathers 
that they should make known to 
their children : * that the generation 
to come may know them, 

Even the children which shall be 
born and arise, * and declare them 
to their children ; 

That they may set their hope in 
God, and not forget the works of 
God, * but keep His command 
ments. 

And may not be as their fathers, 

* a stubborn and rebellious gen 
eration, 

A generation that set not their 
heart aright, * and whose spirit 
was not steadfast with God. 

2 The children of Ephraim bend 
ing and shooting with bows, * turned 
back in the day of battle. 

They kept not the covenant of 



1 SLH. 

2 The next few verses perhaps relate to the refusal of the children of Israel to in 
vade the Land of Promise when they first reached it, owing to fear of the inhabitants. 
.Numb. xiv. 



132 



THE PSALTER. 



God, * and refused to walk in 
His law. 

And forgot His works, * and 
His wonders that He had showed 
them. 

Marvellous things did He in the 
sight of their fathers, in the land of 
Egypt, * in the plain of Tanis. 1 

He divided the sea, and caused 
them to pass through, * and He 
made the waters to stand as an 
heap. 

In the day - time also He led 
them with a cloud, * and all the 
night with a light of fire. 

He clave the rock in the wil 
derness, * and gave them drink 
as out of the great depth. 

He brought water also out of 
the rock, * and caused waters to 
run down like rivers. 

And they sinned yet more against 
Him, * and provoked the Most 
High in the wilderness. 

And they tempted God in their 
hearts, * to ask meat for their 
lust. 

Yea, they spake against God : * 
they said : Can God furnish a table 
in the wilderness ? 

Behold, He smote the rock, and 
the waters gushed out, * and the 
streams overflowed. 

Can He give bread also, ** or 
furnish a table for His people? 

Therefore the LORD heard this, 
and was wroth : * so a fire was 
kindled against Jacob, and anger 
came up against Israel. 

Because they believed . not in 
God, * and trusted not in His 
salvation. 

And He commanded the clouds 



from above, * and opened the 
doors of heaven. 

And rained down manna upon 
them to eat, * and gave them of 
the bread of heaven. 

Man did eat Angels bread : * 
He sent them meat to the full. 

He caused an east wind to 
blow in the heaven : * and by His 
power He brought in the south 
wind. 

He rained flesh also upon them 
as dust, * and feathered fowls like 
as the sand of the sea. 

And it fell in the midst of their 
camp, * round about their habita 
tions. 

So they did eat, and were well 
filled, and He gave them their own 
desire : * they were not disap 
pointed of their lust. 

But while their meat was yet in 
their mouths : * the wrath of God 
came upon them, 

And slew the fattest of them, * 
and smote down the chosen men 
of Israel. 

For all this they sinned still, * 
and believed not in His wondrous 
works. 

Therefore their days were con 
sumed in vanity, * and their years 
in trouble. 

When He slew them, they sought 
Him : * and they returned, and 
enquired early after God. 

And they remembered that God 
was their strength, * and the High 
God their redeemer. 

Yet they flattered Him with their 
mouth, * and lied unto Him with 
their tongue. 

For their heart was not right 



1 An ancient city (mentioned here and subsequently) in Lower Egypt, called both by 
a Shemitic name, Zoan, as well as by its Egyptian name, surrounded by plains, and close to 
the natural and constant border of Palestine. 



THURSDAY AT MATTINS. 



133 



with Him, * neither were they 
steadfast in His covenant. 

But He being full of compassion, 
forgave their iniquity, " and de 
stroyed them not. 

Yea, many a time did He turn 
His anger away, * and did not stir 
up all His wrath. 

He remembered also that they 
were but flesh ; * a wind that 
passeth away and cometh not 
again. 

How often did they provoke 
Him in the wilderness? * grieve 
Him to anger in the desert? 

Yea, they turned again, and 
tempted God, * and provoked the 
Holy One of Israel. 

They remembered not His hand, 

* in the day when He delivered 
them from the hand of the op 
pressor. 

How He set His signs in Egypt, 

* and His wonders in the plain of 
Tanis. 

And turned their rivers into 
blood : * and their floods, that 
they could not drink. 

He sent divers sorts of flies 
among them, which devoured them : 

* and frogs, which destroyed them. 
He gave also their increase unto 

the caterpillar, * and their labour 
unto the locust. 

And He destroyed their vines 
with hail, * and their sycamore 
trees with frost. 

He gave up their cattle also to 
the hail, * and their flocks to hot 
thunderbolts. 

He cast upon them the fierceness 
of His anger, * indignation, and 
wrath, and trouble, by sending evil 
Angels among them. 

He made a way to His anger; 
He spared not their soul from 



death, * and cut off their cattle in 
death with them. 

He smote also every first-born in 
the land of Egypt : * the first-fruits 
of all their labour in the tabernacles 
of Ham. 

And made His own people to go 
forth like sheep : * and guided them 
in the wilderness like a flock. 

And He led them on in hope, 
and they feared not : * and He 
overwhelmed their enemies in the 
sea. 

And He brought them to the 
mountain of His Sanctuary, * even 
the mountain, which His right hand 
hath purchased. 

He cast out the heathen also 
before them, * and allotted the land 
among them by line, 

And made the tribes of Israel to 
dwell * in their tents. 

Yet they tempted and provoked 
the Most High God, * and kept not 
His testimonies. 

And turned back, and observed 
not His covenant, * like their 
fathers ; they were turned aside like 
a deceitful bow. 

They provoked Him to anger 
with their high places, * and moved 
Him to jealousy with their graven 
images. 

God heard it and cast them out : 
* and brought Israel utterly to 
nought. 

He forsook also the tabernacle of 
Shiloh, * even His tabernacle, where 
He dwelt among men. 

And He delivered their strength 
into captivity, * and their beauty 
into the enemy s hand. 

He gave His people over also 
unto the sword : * and cast off His 
inheritance. 

The fire consumed their young 



134 



THE PSALTER. 



men : * and their maidens made no 
funeral song. 

Their priests fell by the sword : 

* and their widows made no lamen 
tation. 

Then the Lord awaked as one 
out of sleep, * like a mighty man 
heated with wine. 

And He smote His enemies in 
the hinder part : * He put them to 
a perpetual shame. 

Moreover, He refused the taber 
nacle of Joseph, * and chose not the 
tribe of Ephraim. 

But chose the tribe of Judah, * 
Mount Zion, which he loved. 

And He built His sanctuary like 
the horn of an unicorn upon the 
earth, * which He hath established 
for ever. 

He chose David also His servant, 
and took him from the sheepfolds : 

* from following the ewes great with 
young He brought him, 

To feed Jacob His servant, * and 
Israel His inheritance. 

So he fed them according to the 
integrity of his heart : * and guided 
them by the skilfulness of his hands. 

Antiphon. 1 Thou art the God 
That doest wonders. 

Sixth Antiphon. Be merciful. 

Psalm LXXVIII. 
[Intituled " A Psalm of Asaph."] 

GOD, the heathen are come 
into Thine inheritance, Thine 
holy temple have they defiled : * 
they have made Jerusalem like an 
heap of stones in an orchard. 

The dead bodies of Thy servants 
have they given to be meat unto 
the fowls of the heaven, * the flesh 



of Thy saints unto the beasts of the 
earth. 

Their blood have they shed like 
water round about Jerusalem : * and 
there was none to bury them. 

We are become a reproach to our 
neighbours, * a scorn and derision 
to them that are round about us. 

How long, LORD? wilt Thou be 
angry for ever ? * shall Thy jealousy 
burn like fire ? 

Pour out Thy wrath upon the 
heathen, that have not known Thee, 

* and upon the kingdoms that have 
not called upon Thy name ! 

For they have devoured Jacob, 

* and laid waste His dwelling-place. 
O remember not against us our 

former iniquities, let Thy tender 
mercies speedily overtake us : * for 
we are brought very low. 

Help us, O God of our salvation, 
and for the glory of Thy name de 
liver us, O Lord : * and forgive our 
sins, for Thy name s sake. 

Lest haply they should say among 
the heathen : Where is their God ? 

* And make known among the 
nations in our sight 

The vengeance of the blood of 
Thy servants, which is shed : * let 
the sighing of the prisoners come 
before^Thee. 

According to the greatness of 
Thine arm, * preserve Thou the 
children of the slain. 

And render unto our neighbours 
sevenfold into their bosom : * their 
reproach wherewith they have re 
proached Thee, O Lord ! 

But we Thy people, and sheep 
of Thy pasture, * will give Thee 
thanks for ever : 

We will show forth Thy praise * 
to all generations. 



1 Ps. Ixxvi. 15. 



THURSDAY AT MATTINS. 



135 



Psalm LXXIX. 

[Intituled A Psalm of Asaph," with a 
direction, perhaps musical, the meaning 
of which is not now certain. The LXX. 
adds "concerning the Assyrian," probably 
meaning that it was used as a prayer 
after the destruction of Jerusalem by 
Nebuchadnezzar. ] 

GIVE ear, O Shepherd of Israel, 
* Thou That leadest Joseph 
like a flock. 

Thou That sittest upon the Cheru 
bim, * shine forth before Ephraim, 
Benjamin, and Manasseh. 

Stir up Thy strength, and come 

* and save us. 

Turn us again, O God, * and 
cause Thy face to shine, and we 
shall be saved. 

O LORD God of hosts, * how 
long wilt Thou be angry against the 
prayer of Thy servant ? 

Wilt Thou feed us with the bread 
of tears, * and give us tears to drink 
in great measure ? 

Thou makest us a strife unto our 
neighbours : * and our enemies jest 
upon us. 

Turn us again, O God of hosts : 

* and cause Thy face to shine, and 
we shall be saved. 

Thou hast brought a vine out of 
Egypt : * Thou hast cast out the 
heathen and planted it. 

Thou preparedst room before it : 

* Thou didst cause it to take deep 
root, and it filled the land. 

The hills were covered with the 
shadow of it, * and the cedars of 
God with the boughs thereof. 

She sent out her boughs unto the 
sea, * and her branches unto the 
river. 1 

Why hast Thou broken down her 



hedge ? * so that all they which 
pass by the way do pluck her? 

The boar out of the wood doth 
root it up, * and the wild beast of 
the field doth devour it. 

Return, O God of hosts : * look 
down from heaven, and behold, and 
visit this vine ; 

And protect that Thy right hand 
hath planted, * and the son of man 
whom Thou madest strong for Thy 
self. 

It is burnt with fire, and cut 
down : * they shall perish at the 
rebuke of Thy countenance. 

Let Thine hand be upon the man 
of Thy right hand, * and upon the 
son of man whom Thou madest 
strong for Thyself. 

So will we not go back from 
Thee ; * quicken us, and we will 
call upon Thy name. 

Turn us again, O LORD God of 
hosts : * and cause Thy face to 
shine, and we shall be saved. 

Antiphon. 2 Be merciful unto our 
sins, O Lord. 

Antiphon in Paschal time. Al 
leluia, Alleluia, Alleluia. 

Then is said a Verse and Answer. 
In Advent. 

Verse. Out of Zion, the Per 
fection of beauty, 

Answer. Our God shall come 
manifestly. 

During the rest of the year. 

Verse. 3 My lips shall be fain 
when I sing unto Thee. 

Answer. And my soul, which 
Thou hast redeemed. 



1 That is, the dominion of the Israelites stretched from the Mediterranean to the 
Euphrates. 2 Ps. Ixxviii. 9. * Ps. Ixx. 23. 



136 



THE PSALTER. 



In Lent. 

Verse. He hath delivered me 
from the snare of the fowler. 

Answer. And from the noisome 
pestilence. 

In Passion time. 

Verse. O God, deliver my soul 
from the sword. 

Answer. And my darling from 
the power of the dog. 



In Paschal time. 

Verse. The Lord is risen from 
the grave, Alleluia. 

Answer. Who hung for us upon 
the tree, Alleluia. 



The rest is the same as the First 
Nocturn on the preceding Sunday , only 
the Lessons, and sometimes the Respon- 
sories, are those of the day. 



J37 



at 



THE FIFTH DAY OF THE WEEK. 



All as on Sunday, except as otherwise 
given here. 

The Psalms are as follows : 

Antiphon. Against Thee, Thee 
only. 

Psalm L. 

Have mercy upon me, &c., (p. 

8 7 ). 

Antiphon. Against Thee, Thee 
only, have I sinned, have mercy 
upon me, O Lord ! 

Second Antiphon. Lord. 

If this Antiphon be used, the Psalm 
begins with the words, "Thou hast 
been." 

Psalm LXXX1X. 

[Intituled "A Prayer of Moses the man 
of God."] 

T ORD, Thou hast been our re- 
*-* fuge * in all generations. 

Before the mountains were brought 
forth, or ever the earth and the 
world were formed, * even from 
everlasting to everlasting, Thou art 
God. 

Turn not man to destruction ; * 
for Thou sayest, Return, ye children 
of men. 

For a thousand years in Thy sight 
* are but as yesterday when it is past, 

And their years shall be reckoned 

VOL. III. 



as nothing, * even as a watch in 
the night. 

In the morning they are like 
grass which soon fadeth away : in 
the morning it flourisheth, and 
then it fadeth away : * in the 
evening it is cut down, drieth up, 
and withereth. 

For we are consumed by Thine 
anger : * and by Thy wrath are 
we troubled. 

Thou hast set our iniquities be 
fore Thee, * our life in the light 
of Thy countenance. 

For all our days are passed away, 
* and we are consumed by Thine 
anger. 

The works whereon we toil all 
our years are but frail structures 
like a spider s web : * the days of 
our years are threescore years and 
ten : 

And if by reason of strength they 
be fourscore years, * yet is their 
increase but labour and sorrow : 

For weakness cometh, * and we 
are cut off. 

Who knoweth the power of Thine 
anger, * or can measure Thy wrath, 
that he may fear Thee as Thou 
oughtest to be feared? 

Show Thou the might of Thy 
right hand ; * and apply our hearts 
to wisdom. 

E 2 



138 



THE PSALTER. 



Return, O LORD, how long? * 
and let it intreat Thee concerning 
"Thy servants. 

Thou hast satisfied us early with 
Thy mercy, * and we rejoice and 
are glad all our days. 

We are gladdened for the days 
wherein Thou hast afflicted us; * 
for the years wherein we have seen 
evil. 

Look upon Thy servants, and 
upon Thy works, * and establish 
their children. 

And let the beauty of the LORD 
our God be upon us ; and establish 
Thou the work of our hands upon 
us : * yea, the work of our hands 
establish Thou it. 

Antiphon. Lord, Thou hast 
been our refuge. 

Third Antiphon. I meditate. 

Psalms LXIL, LXVI. 
O God, Thou art my God, &c., 
(A 23). 

Antiphon. I meditate upon Thee 
in the night watches. 

Fourth Antiphon. Let us sing. 

If this Antiphon be used the Canticle 
begins ivith the words, " Unto the 
LORD." 

THE SONG OF MOSES (Exod. xv.) 

[On the occasion of the successful escape 
of the Israelites through the Red Sea.] 

LET us sing unto the LORD, for 
He hath triumphed gloriously : 
* the horse and his rider hath He 
thrown into the sea. 

The LORD is my strength- and 
my song, * and He is become 
my salvation : 

1 But in the present Hebrew text, 



He is my God, and I will glorify 
Him : * my father s God, and I 
will exalt Him. 

The LORD is like a man of war : 
"THE ALMIGHTY" 1 is His name. 

* Pharaoh s chariots and his host 
hath He cast into the sea. 

His chosen captains are drowned 
in the Red Sea. * The depths have 
covered them : they sank into the 
bottom as a stone. 

Thy right hand, O LORD, is be 
come glorious in power : Thy right 
hand, O LORD, hath shattered the 
enemy. * And in the greatness 
of Thy majesty Thou hast over 
thrown them that rose up against 
Thee. 

Thou sentest forth Thy wrath, 
which consumed them as stubble. 

* And with the blast of Thy fury 
the waters were gathered together, 

The floods stood upright, * and 
the depths were congealed in the 
heart of the sea. 

The enemy said : I will pursue 
and overtake, * I will divide the 
spoil ; my soul shall be sated upon 
them : 

I will draw my sword, * mine 
hand shall destroy them. 

Thy wind blew, and the sea 
covered them ; * they sank as lead 
in the mighty waters. 

Who is like unto Thee, O LORD, 
among the mighty? * who is like 
unto Thee, glorious in holiness, 
terrible, and worthy to be praised, 
doing wonders? 

Thou stretchedst out Thy right 
hand, and the earth swallowed them. 

* Thou in Thy mercy hast led 
forth the people which Thou hast 
redeemed : 

And hast borne them in Thy 
here stands again the Divine name. 



THURSDAY AT LAUDS. 



139 



strength, * unto Thine holy habi 
tation. 

The people came up and were 
angry : * sorrow took hold on the 
inhabitants of Philistia. 

Then the princes of Edom were 
amazed, the mighty men of Moab, 
trembling took hold upon them : * 
all the inhabitants of Chanaan 
melted away. 

Let fear and dread fall upon 
them, * by the greatness of Thine 
arm : 

Let them be as still as a stone : 
till Thy people pass over, O LORD, 
* till Thy people pass over, which 
Thou hast purchased. 

Thou shalt bring them in and 
plant them in the mountain of 
Thine inheritance, * in Thy most 
sure dwelling, which Thou hast 
made, O LORD : 

In the Sanctuary, O Lord, which 
Thine hands have established. 

The LORD shall reign for ever 
and ever. 

For the horse of Pharaoh went 
in with his chariots and with his 
horsemen into the sea, * and the 
LORD brought again the waters of 
the sea upon them : 

But the children of Israel went on 
dry land * in the midst of the sea. 

Antiphon. Let us sing gloriously 
unto the LORD. 

Fifth Antiphon. Praise God. 

Psalms CXLVIII., CXLIX., CL. 

Praise ye the LORD, &c., (pp. 25, 
26). 



Antiphon. 
Sanctuary. 



Praise God in His 



CHAPTER. (Rom. xiii. 12.) 

The night is far spent, &c., (as 
on Monday, p. 89). 

HYMN. 1 

C EE, the golden dawn is glowing, 
*^ While the paly shades are going, 
Which have led us far and long, 
In a labyrinth of wrong. 

May it bring us peace serene ; 
May it cleanse, as it is clean ; 
Plain and clear our words be spoke, 
And our thoughts without a cloak ; 

So the day s account shall stand, 
Guileless tongue and holy hand, 
Steadfast eyes and unbeguiled, 
"Flesh as of a little child." 

There is One Who from above 
Watches how the still hours move 
Of our day of service done, 
From the dawn to setting sun. 

To the Father, and the Son, 
And the Spirit, Three and One, 
As of old, and as in Heaven, 
Now and here be glory given. 

Amen. 

Verse. Thou hast satisfied us 
early with Thy mercy. 

Answer. We rejoice and are 
glad. 

Antiphon for the Songof Zacharias. 
Let us serve the Lord * in holiness, 
and He will deliver us from our 
enemies. 

Commemoration of the Cross before 
the other Commemorations, and Long 
Preces in Advent and Lent, and on 
Fast-days, as on Monday. 



1 Extracted from hymn by Prudentius ; translation by the late Card. Newman. 



140 



Jfribap at JEattins. 



THE SIXTH DAY OF THE WEEK. 



All as on Sunday, except as otherwise 
given here. 

Invitatory. Let us worship the 
Lord, for * He is our Maker. 

HYMN. 1 

MAY the dread Three in One, Who 
sways 

All with His sovereign might, 
Accept from us this hymn of praise, 
His watchers in the night. 

For in the night, when all is still, 
We spurn our bed and rise, 

To find the balm for ghostly ill, 
His bounteous hand supplies. 

If e er by night our envious foe 
With guilt our souls would stain, 

May the deep streams of mercy flow, 
And make us white again ; 

That so with bodies braced and bright, 

And hearts awake within, 
All fresh and keen may burn our light, 

Undimmed, unsoiled by sin. 

Shine on Thine own, Redeemer sweet ! 

Thy radiance increate 
Through the long day shall keep our 
feet, 

In their pure morning state. 



Grant this, O Father, Only Son, 

And Spirit, God of grace, 
To whom all worship shall be done 

In every time and place. 

Amen. 

Only one Nocturn is said. 

Antiphon. Sing aloud. 

If this Antiphon be used the Psalm 
begins with the words, " Unto God our 
strength." 

In Paschal time only one Antiphon is 
said for the whole Nocturn. Alleluia. 

Psalm LXXX. 

[Intituled "Of Asaph." It has a super 
scription of meaning now uncertain, but 
part of which perhaps means that it was 
a Hymn for the vintage.] 

O ING aloud unto God our strength : 
^ * make a joyful noise unto the 
God of Jacob. 

Take a psalm, and bring hither 
the timbrel : * the pleasant harp 
with the psaltery. 

Blow the trumpet in the new 
moon, 2 * in the time appointed, 
on our solemn feast-day. 



1 From a hymn of the Ambrosian school, very slightly altered ; translation by the late 
Card. Newman. 

2 The ordinance referred to in this and the next verses is found in Numb. x. " And the 
LORD spake unto Moses, saying : Make thee two trumpets of silver, of a whole piece shalt 
thou make them. . . . And in the day of your gladness, and in your solemn days, and 
in the beginnings of your months, ye shall blow with the trumpets over your burnt-offerings, 
and over the sacrifices of your peace-offerings ; that they may be to you for a memorial 
before God. I am the LORD your God." 



FRIDAY AT MATTINS. 



141 



For this is a statute for Israel : 

* and a law of the God of Jacob. 
This He ordained in Joseph for 

a testimony, when he went out of 
the land of Egypt : * he heard a 
language that he understood not. 

He removed his shoulder from 
the burden, * his hands were done 
with slaving over the baskets. 

Thou calledst upon Me in trouble, 
and I delivered thee : * I answered 
thee in the secret place of thunder : I 
proved thee at the waters of strife. 1 

Hear, O My people, and I will 
testify unto thee : * O Israel, if 
thou wilt hearken unto Me, there 
shall no strange god be in thee, 
neither shalt thou worship any 
strange god. 

For I am the LORD thy God, 
Who brought thee out of the land 
of Egypt : * open thy mouth wide 
and I will fill it. 

But My people would not hearken 
unto My voice : * and Israel would 
not obey Me : 

So I gave them up unto their 
own hearts lust : * they walked 
in their own counsels. 

that My people had heark 
ened unto Me, * that Israel had 
walked in My ways ! 

1 should quickly have brought 
their enemies under them, * and 
turned Mine hand against their 
adversaries. 

The haters of the LORD would 
have feigned submission unto Him : 

* but their time should have en 
dured for ever. 

He would have fed them also 
with the finest of the wheat : * 
and with honey out of the rock 
would He have satisfied them. 



Psalm LXXXI. 
[Intituled "A Psalm of Asaph."] 

OD standeth in the congrega- 
tion of the mighty : * He 
judgeth among the judges. 

How long do ye judge unjustly, 

* and accept the person of the 
wicked ? 2 

Defend the poor and fatherless : 

* do justice to the afflicted and 
needy. 

Deliver the poor, * and rid the 
needy out of the hand of the wicked. 

They know not, neither do they 
understand, they walk on in dark 
ness : * all the foundations of the 
earth are out of course. 

3 1 have said : Ye are gods, * 
and all of you are children of the 
Most High ; 

But ye shall die like men : * 
and fall like one of the princes. 

Arise, O God, judge the earth : 
* for Thou shalt inherit all na 
tions. 

Antiphon. 4 Sing aloud unto 
God our strength. 

Second Antiphon. Thou alone. 



Psalm LXXXII. 

[Intituled " A Song. A Psalm of 
Asaph."] 

OGOD, who shall be likened 
unto Thee? * hold not Thy 
peace, and be not still, O God. 

For, lo, Thine enemies make a 
tumult : * and they that hate Thee 
have lifted up the head. 

They have taken crafty counsel 
against Thy people, * and con 
sulted against Thine holy ones. 



1 SLH. For "the waters of Meribah" or "strife," see note on Ps. xciv., p. 2. 

2 SLH. 3 This verse was quoted by our Lord. John x. 34. 4 Ps. Ixxx. 2. 



142 



THE PSALTER. 



They have said : Come and let 
us cut them off from being a na 
tion : * that the name of Israel 
may be no more in remembrance. 

For they have consulted together 
with one consent : * they are con 
federate against Thee : the taberna 
cles of Edom, 1 and the Ishmaelites. 

Of Moab, and the Hagarenes ; 
Gebal, and Ammon, Amalek, * the 
" Strangers " with the inhabitants 
of Tyre. 

Assur also is joined with them : 

* they have holpen the children 
of Lot. 2 

Do unto them as unto Midian, 3 
and Sisera : as unto Jabin, at 
the brook of Kishon. 

They perished at Endor : * they 
became as dung for the earth. 

Make their nobles like Oreb 
and like Zeeb ; * as Zebah and 
Zalmunna, 

All their princes : * who said : 
Let us take to ourselves the Sanc 
tuary of God in possession. 

O my God, make them like a 
wheel [of whirling dust] ; * and as 
the stubble before the wind ! 

As the fire that burneth a wood, 

* and as the flame that setteth the 
mountains on fire. 

So pursue them with Thy tem 
pest, * and trouble them in Thine 
anger. 

Fill their faces with shame : * and 
they will seek Thy Name, O LORD ! 



Let them be confounded and 
troubled for ever : * yea, let them 
be put to shame and perish. 

And let men know that Thy 
name is the LORD : * Thou alone 
art the Most High over all the 
earth. 



Psalm LXXXIII. 

[Intituled "A Psalm of the sons of 
Korah. " It has the same superscription as 
Ps. Ixx., referring possibly to the vintage. 
It reads as if it were a pilgrim-song refer 
ring to the going up of all the males of 
Israel to Jerusalem to observe the Feast of 
Tabernacles, when harvest and vintage were 
over. ] 

HOW lovely are Thy taberna 
cles, O LORD of hosts! * 
my soul longeth and fainteth for 
the courts of the LORD : 

Mine heart and my flesh * rejoice 
for the living God. 

Yea, the sparrow hath found an 
house, * and the dove a nest for 
herself, where she may lay her 
young, 

Even Thine altars, O LORD of 
hosts, * my King and my God ! 

Blessed are they that dwell in 
Thine house, O Lord ; * they will 
be ever praising Thee. 2 

Blessed is the man whose strength 
is from Thee ; * who hath settled in 
his heart to go up [to thy Sanctu 
ary,] through the vale of tears, 4 to 
the place which he hath appointed. 

He That hath given the Law will 



1 Of the list of tribes in the next few verses, the Ishmaelites are the inhabitants of Edom; 
Moab, and the Hagarenes, Gebal, Ammon, Amalek, tribes to the south and south-east of 
Canaan ; the " Strangers " are the Philistines ; Assur is Assyria ; the children of Lot are 
the Moabites and Ammonites. 2 SLH. 

3 The Midianites invaded Israel during the Judgeship of Gideon, who defeated them. 
Barak had previously, by a great victory between the Kishon and Endor, delivered his 
people from the tyranny of Jabin king of the Canaanites, whose general, Sisera, lost his life 
on the occasion. Oreb and Zeeb were two princes, and Zebah and Zalmunna two kings of 
the Midianites, whom the Israelites took prisoners and put to death on the second occasion. 
See Judges iv.-viii. 

4 Hebrew, "of Baca," probably the proper name of a place, but, literally, "weeping." 



FRIDAY AT MATTINS. 



give His blessing ; they shall go 
from strength to strength : * they 
appear before the God of gods in 
Zion. 

LORD God of hosts, hear my 
prayer : * give ear, O God of Ja 
cob ! l 

Behold, O God, our shield: * 
and look upon the face of Thine 
Anointed. 

For a day in Thy courts is better 

* than a thousand. 

1 had rather be a menial in the 
house of my God, * than to dwell 
in the tents of wickedness. 

For God loveth mercy and truth : 

* the LORD will give grace and 
glory. 

No good thing will He withhold 
from them that walk uprightly. 
O LORD of hosts, blessed is the man 
that trusteth in Thee ! 

Antiphon. 2 Thou alone art the 
Most High over all the earth. 
Third Antiphon. LORD. 

If this Antiphon be used the Psalm 
begins with the words " Thou hast been 
favourable." 

Psalm LXXXIV. 

[Intituled "A Psalm of the sons of 
Korah," with the usual (now uncertain) 
superscription.] 

LORD, Thou hast been favour 
able unto Thy land : * Thou 
hast brought back the captivity of 
Jacob. 

Thou hast forgiven the iniquity of 
Thy people : * Thou hast covered 
all their sins. 1 

Thou hast taken away all Thy 
wrath : * Thou hast turned Thyself 
from the fierceness of Thine anger. 

1 SLH. 



Turn us, O God of our salvation, 

* and cause Thine anger towards us 
to cease. 

Wilt Thou be angry with us for 
ever ? * wilt Thou draw out Thine 
anger to all generations ? 

God, Thou shalt again quicken 
us : * and Thy people shall rejoice 
in Thee. 

Show us Thy mercy, O LORD ! * 
and grant us Thy salvation. 

1 will hear what the LORD God 
will speak in me : * for He will 
speak peace unto His people, 

And to His saints, * and unto 
them that are changed in heart. 

Surely His salvation is nigh them 
that fear Him, * that glory may 
dwell in our land. 

Mercy and truth have met to 
gether : * righteousness and peace 
have kissed each other. 

Truth hath sprung out of the 
earth : * and righteousness hath 
looked down from heaven. 

Yea, the LORD shall give that 
which is good : * and our land shall 
yield her increase. 

Righteousness shall go before 
Him : * and shall set His footsteps 
in the way. 

Psalm LXXXV. 
[Intituled "A Prayer of David."] 

BOW down Thine ear, O LORD, 
and hear me : * for I am poor 
and needy. 

Preserve my soul, for I am holy : 

* O Thou my God, save Thy servant 
that trusteth in Thee. 

Be merciful unto me, O Lord, for 
I cry unto Thee all the day long : * 
rejoice the soul of Thy servant, for 

2 Ps. Ixxxii. 19. 



144 



THE PSALTER. 



unto Thee, O Lord, do I lift up my 
soul. 

For Thou, Lord, art good and 
ready to forgive, * and plenteous 
in mercy to all them that call upon 
Thee. 

Give ear, O LORD, unto my 
prayer : * and attend to the voice 
of my supplication. 

In the day of my trouble I called 
upon Thee, * for Thou hast heard 
me. 

Among the gods there is none like 
unto Thee, O Lord : * neither are 
there any works like unto Thy works. 

All nations whom Thou hast 
made shall come and worship be 
fore Thee, O Lord: * and shall 
glorify Thy name. 

For Thou art great and doest won 
drous things : * Thou art God alone. 

Teach me Thy way, O LORD, 
and I will walk in Thy truth: * 
let mine heart be glad, that it may 
fear Thy name. 

I will praise Thee, O Lord my 
God, with all mine heart, * and I 
will glorify Thy name for evermore. 

For great is Thy mercy toward 
me : * and Thou hast delivered my 
soul from the lowest hell. 

O God, the wicked are risen 
against me, and the assemblies of 
violent men have sought after my 
soul, * and have not set Thee before 
them. 

But Thou, O Lord, art a God full 
of compassion and gracious, * long- 
suffering, and plenteous in mercy 
and truth. 

O look upon me, and have mercy 
1 Ps. Ixxxiv. 2. 



upon me : * give Thy strength unto 
Thy servant, and save the son of 
Thine handmaid ! 

Show me a token for good, that 
they which hate me may see it and be 
ashamed : * because Thou, O LORD, 
hast holpen me, and comforted me. 

Antiphon. 1 LORD, Thou hast 
been favourable unto Thy land. 
Fourth Antiphon. Her foundation. 

If this Antiphon be used the Psalm 
begins with the words, "Is in the holy 
mountains." 

Psalm LXXXVI. 

[Intituled "A Psalm. A Song of the 
sons of Korah." The Targum adds that it 
was based upon words of the ancients, 
perhaps meaning that the two first verses 
before the SLH were an ancient saying to 
which the rest was a later addition.] 

ER foundation is in the holy 
mountains : * the LORD lov- 
eth the gates of Zion more than all 
the dwellings of Jacob ! 

Glorious things are spoken of 
thee, * O city of God ! 2 

I will make mention of Rahab 3 
and Babylon * that know me. 

Behold the "Strangers," 4 and 
Tyre, and the people of Ethiopia, * 
these were there 

And of Zion shall it not be said : 
This and that man was born in her, 
* and the Highest Himself hath 
established her? 5 

The LORD shall make count, 
when He writeth up the people [and 
the princes,] 6 * of all that are in her. 2 

All they that dwell in thee * are 
in gladness. 

2 SLH. 



H 



3 That is "the Insolent One," namely, Egypt. 4 I.e., the Philistines. 

5 Is the meaning that Jerusalem shall be illustrious as the birth-place of all kinds of 
distinguished persons? The Targum, curiously enough, says that the persons meant are 
David and Solomon, whereas David is a native of Bethlehem. 

6 Displaced from the beginning of the next verse. 



FRIDAY AT MATTINS. 



Psalm LXXXVII. 

[This Psalm has a long superscription, in 
which its authorship is attributed to Heman 
the Ezrahite, one of five brothers, descen 
dants of Zarah, the son of Judah. Four of 
them were celebrated for wisdom. 3 (i) 
Kings iv. 31. This Psalm was written for 
the sons of Korah, and intended to be sung 
with an accompaniment of pipes and flutes.] 

LORD God of my salvation, * 
i have cried day and night 
before Thee. 

Let my prayer come before Thee ; 

* incline Thine ear unto my cry. 
For my soul is full of troubles : * 

and my life draweth nigh unto the 
grave. 

I am counted with them that go 
down into the pit : * I am as a 
man that hath no strength, lying 
nerveless among the dead, 

Like the pierced that lie in the 
grave, whom Thou rememberest no 
more : * and they are cast off from 
Thine hand. 

They have laid me in the lowest 
pit, * in darkness and in the shadow 
of death. 

Thy wrath lieth hard upon me, 

* and Thou hast afflicted me with 
all Thy waves. 1 

Thou hast put away mine ac 
quaintance far from me : * they 
have made me an abomination unto 
them. 

I am shut up, and cannot come 
forth : * mine eyes fail by reason 
of affliction. 

LORD, I have called daily upon 
Thee : * I have stretched out my 
hands unto Thee ! 

Wilt Thou show wonders to the 
dead ? * or can physicians quicken 
them, so that they may praise 
Thee ? l 

Shall Thy loving -kindness be 

1 SLH. 



declared in the grave, * and Thy 
faithfulness in destruction ? 

Shall Thy wonders be known in 
the dark, * and Thy righteousness 
in the land of forgetfulness ? 

But unto Thee have I cried, O 
LORD : * and in the morning shall 
my prayer come before Thee. 

LORD, why easiest Thou off my 
prayer, * why hidest Thou Thy face 
from me ? 

I am afflicted, and in toil from 
my youth up : * and when I was 
lifted up, then was I brought down 
and troubled : 

Thy fierce wrath goeth over me, 

* and Thy terrors have troubled me. 
They came round about me all 

the day like a flood : * they com 
passed me about together. 

Friend and neighbour hast Thou 
put far from me, * mine acquaint 
ance also, because of my misery. 

Antiphon. 2 Her foundation is 
in the holy mountains. 
Fifth Antiphon, Blessed. 

Psalm LXXXVII I. 

[Intituled " A didactic (?) Poem of Ethan 
the Ezrahite." This Ethan was a brother 
of the author of the last Psalm. ] 

I WILL sing of the mercies * of 
the LORD for ever. 
With my mouth will I make 
known Thy faithfulness * to all 
generations. 

For Thou hast said : Mercy shall 
be built up for ever in the heavens : 

* Thy faithfulness shall be estab 
lished in them. 

I have made a covenant with My 
chosen, I have sworn unto David 
My servant : * thy seed will I 
establish for ever. 



146 



THE PSALTER. 



And build up thy throne * to 
all generations. 1 

And the heavens shall praise Thy 
wonders, O LORD; * Thy faithful 
ness also in the congregation of the 
Saints 

For who in heaven can be com 
pared unto the LORD ? * Who 
among the sons of God can be 
likened unto GOD ? 

God, Which is glorious in the 
assembly of the saints, * great 
and terrible to all them that are 
about Him. 

O LORD God of hosts, who is 
like unto Thee ? * Thou art strong, 
O LORD, and Thy faithfulness is 
round about Thee ! 

Thou rulest the raging of the 
sea : * when the waves thereof 
arise Thou stillest them. 

Thou hast broken the " Inso 
lent " one, 2 as one that is slain : 
* Thou hast scattered Thine ene 
mies with Thy strong arm. 

The heavens are Thine, the 
earth also is Thine, as for the 
world and the fulness thereof 
Thou hast founded them : * the 
North and the South Thou hast 
created them : 

3 Tabor and Hermon shall re 
joice in Thy name. * Thou hast 
a mighty arm. 

Strong is Thine hand, and high 
Thy right hand : * justice and 
judgment are the foundations of 
Thy throne. 

Mercy and truth shall go before 
Thy face. * Blessed is the people 
that know the joyful sound ! 



They shall walk, O LORD, in 
the light of Thy countenance, and 
in Thy name shall they rejoice all 
the day : * in Thy righteousness 
also shall they be exalted. 

For thou art the glory of their 
strength : and in Thy favour 
our horn shall be exalted. 

For of the LORD is our de 
fence, * and of the Holy One of 
Israel is our King. 

Then Thou spakest in vision to 
Thine holy ones, and saidst : * I 
have laid help upon one that is 
mighty, and have exalted one 
chosen out of My people. 

I have found David My ser 
vant : * with Mine holy oil have I 
anointed him. 

For Mine hand shall help him : 
* Mine arm also shall strengthen 
him. 

The enemy shall prevail nothing 
against him : * nor the son of 
wickedness afflict him. 

And I will beat down his foes 
before his face, * and put them 
that hate him to flight. 

And My truth and My mercy 
shall be with him : * and in My 
Name shall his horn be exalted. 

I will set his hand also in the 
sea, * and his right hand in the 
rivers. 4 

He shall cry unto me : Thou 
art my Father, * my God, and 
the rock of my salvation. 

5 Also I will make him My first 
born, * higher than the kings of 
the earth. 

My mercy will I keep for him 



1 SLH. 2 Rahab *.., Egypt. 

3 Two prominent mountains in the North of Syria. 

4 That is ; " I will make his power to be bounded on the West by the Mediterranean, 
and on the East by the Tigris and Euphrates." 

5 The next verses are a sort of quotation of the Divine message given by Nathan to 
David. 2 Kings (Sam.) vii. 14-16. 



FRIDAY AT MATTINS. 



147 



for evermore, * and My covenant 
shall stand fast with him. 

His seed also will I make to 
endure for ever, * and his throne 
as the days of heaven. 

But if his children forsake My 
law, * and walk not in My judg 
ments, 

If they break My statutes, * and 
keep not My commandments, 

Then I will visit their trans 
gressions with the rod, * and 
their iniquity with stripes. 

Nevertheless My loving-kindness 
will I not utterly take from him, 

* nor fail in My truth. 

My covenant also will I not break, 

* nor make void the thing that is 
gone out of My lips. 

Once have I sworn by Mine 
holiness, that I will not lie unto 
David : * his seed shall endure for 
ever, 

And his throne, as the sun before 
Me : * and as the full moon for 
ever, and as the faithful witness in 
heaven. 1 

But Thou hast cast off and de 
spised, * Thou hast put away Thine 
Anointed. 

Thou hast made void the cove 
nant of Thy servant : * Thou hast 
profaned his crown [by casting] it 
to the ground. 

Thou hast broken down all his 
hedges : * Thou hast brought his 
strongholds to ruin. 

All that pass by the way spoil 
him : * he is a reproach to his 
neighbours. 

Thou hast set up the right hand 
of his adversaries : * Thou hast 
made all his enemies to rejoice. 



Thou hast turned the edge of his 
sword, * and hast not upholden him 
in battle. 

Thou hast made his brightness to 
cease, * and cast his throne down 
to the ground. 

The days of his youth hast Thou 
shortened: * Thou hast covered 
him with shame. 2 

How long, LORD, wilt Thou hide 
Thyself, for ever? * Shall Thy 
wrath burn like fire? 

Remember how short my time is : 
* wherefore hast Thou made all the 
sons of men in vain ? 

What man is he that liveth, and 
shall not see death? * Shall he 
deliver his soul from the hand of 
the grave ? 2 

Lord, where are Thy former lov 
ing-kindnesses, * which Thou swarest 
unto David in Thy truth ? 

Remember, Lord, the reproach of 
Thy servants, * (that I bear in my 
bosom) even the reproach of many 
people 

Wherewith Thine enemies have 
reproached, O LORD * wherewith 
they have reproached the woes of 
Thine Anointed. 

Blessed be the LORD for ever 
more ! * Amen, Amen. 3 



Psalm XCIII. 

[The Vulgate and the LXX. ascribe this 
Psalm to David, and assign it to the fourth 
day of the week. ] 

THE LORD God to Whom ven 
geance belongeth, * the God 
to Whom vengeance belongeth hath 
shown Himself. 

Lift up Thyself, Thou judge of 



1 SLH. Is the "faithful witness" the rainbow? See Gen. ix. (Thursday after Sexa- 
gesima Sunday. ) 2 SLH. 

3 Here ends the third of the five books into which the Psalter is divided. 



148 



THE PSALTER. 



the earth : * render a reward to the 
proud. 

LORD, how long shall the wicked, 

* how long shall the wicked 
triumph ? 

How long shall they utter and 
speak iniquity ? * all the workers of 
wickedness boast themselves ? 

They crush Thy people, O LORD! 

* and afflict Thine heritage. 

They slay the widow and the 
stranger, * and murder the father 
less. 

Yet they say: The LORD shall 
not see, * neither shall the God of 
Jacob understand. 

Understand, ye brutish among the 
people ! * and ye fools, some time 
be wise ! 

He That planted the ear, shall He 
not hear ? * or He That formed the 
eye, can He not see ? 

He That chastiseth the heathen, 
shall not He correct? * He That 
teacheth man knowledge? 

The LORD knoweth the thoughts 
of men, * that they are vanity. 

Blessed is the man whom Thou 
chastenest, O LORD, * and teachest 
out of Thy law.. 

That Thou mayest give him rest 
from the days of adversity, * until 
the pit be digged for the wicked. 

For the LORD will not cast off 
His people, * neither will He for 
sake His inheritance. 

Until righteousness return unto 
judgment, * and all the upright in 
heart follow it. 

Who will rise up for me against 
the evil-doers ? * or who will stand 
up with me against the workers of 
iniquity ? 



Unless the LORD had been mine 
help, * my soul had almost dwelt 
in the grave. 

When I said : My foot slippeth 
* Thy mercy, O LORD, held me 
up. 

In the multitude of the sorrows 
within mine heart, * Thy comforts 
delight my soul. 

1 Hath the throne of iniquity 
fellowship with Thee? * which 
frameth mischief by a law? 

They that gather themselves 
together against the soul of the 
righteous, * and condemn the in 
nocent blood ? 

But the LORD is my refuge, * 
and my God is the stay of my 
trust. 

And He shall bring upon them 
their own iniquity, and shall cut 
them off in their own wickedness : 
* the LORD our God shall cut 
them off. 

Antiphon. 2 Blessed be the LORD 
for evermore. 

Sixth Antiphon. Sing. 

Psalm XCV. 

[In I Par. (Chron. ) xvi. it is stated that 
David gave this Psalm to Asaph and his 
brethren upon the day that the ark was 
brought to Jerusalem. The text is there 
given somewhat differently, and the whole 
forms the second part of one Psalm, of 
which the first part consists of the first 
fifteen verses of Ps. civ. The Vulgate and 
the LXX. note that it was sung at the 
rebuilding of the Temple after the Cap 
tivity.] 

OSING unto the LORD a new 
song : * sing unto the LORD, 
all the earth. 

Sing unto the LORD, and bless 



1 This verse is translated according to the sense of the Hebrew, the LXX., Aquila, 
Symmachus, Theodotion, and St Jerome, but the Latin has the second, instead of the 
third, person singular in the last clause. 2 Ps. Ixxxviii. 53. 



FRIDAY AT MATTINS. 



149 



His Name : * show forth His sal 
vation from day to day. 

Declare His glory among the 
heathen, * His wonders among all 
people. 

For the LORD is great, and greatly 
to be praised : * He is to be feared 
above all gods. 

For all the gods of the heathen 
are devils : * but the LORD made 
the heavens. 

Praise and beauty are before 
Him : * holiness and majesty are 
in His sanctuary. 

Give unto the LORD, O ye kin 
dreds of the people, give unto the 
LORD glory and honour : * give 
unto the LORD the glory due unto 
His name. 

Bring sacrifices, and come into 
His courts : * O worship the LORD 
in His holy temple ! 

Let all the earth fear before 
Him. * Say among the heathen, 
The LORD reigneth ! 

He hath established the world 
also, that it shall not be moved : 
* He shall judge the people right 
eously. 

Let the heavens rejoice, and let 
the earth be glad, let the sea roar, 
and the fulness thereof: * let the 
fields be joyful and all that is 
therein. 

Then shall all the trees of the 
wood rejoice before the LORD, for 
He cometh, * for He cometh to 
judge the earth. 

He shall judge the world with 
righteousness : * and the people 
with His truth. 1 



Psalm XCVI. 

[The Vulgate and the LXX. have the 
superscription "[A Psalm] of David when 
his country was re - established " per 
haps meaning after the usurpation of Ab- 
solom.] 



LORD reigneth ; let the 
-*- earth rejoice : * let the mul 
titude of isles be glad thereof. 

Clouds and darkness are round 
about Him : * righteousness and 
judgment are the foundation of 
His throne. 

A fire shall go before Him, * and 
burn up His enemies round about. 

His lightnings enlightened the 
world : * the earth saw and trem 
bled. 

The hills melted like wax at 
the presence of the LORD, * at 
the presence of the Lord of the 
whole earth. 

The heavens declared His right 
eousness, * and all the people 
saw His glory. 

Confounded be all they that 
worship graven images, * and that 
boast themselves of idols. 

Worship Him, all ye His An 
gels ! * Zion heard, and was glad. 

And the daughters of Judah 
rejoiced, * because of Thy judg 
ments, O LORD ! 

For thou, LORD, art high above 
all the earth : * Thou art exalted 
far above all gods. 

Ye that love the LORD, hate evil : 
* the Lord preserveth the souls of 
His saints ; He delivereth them out 
of the hand of the wicked. 

Light is sprung up for the 



1 In I Par. (Chron.) xvi. the Psalm continues: "O give thanks unto the LORD, for 
He is good : for His mercy endureth for ever. And say ye : Save us, O God of our 
salvation, and gather us together, and deliver us from the heathen, that we may give 
thanks to Thy holy Name, and glory in Thy praise. Blessed be the LORD God of 
Israel for ever and ever. And all the people said : Amen and praised the LORD" 
possibly in Ps. cxxxv. 



ISO 



THE PSALTER. 



righteous, * and gladness for the 
upright in heart. 

Rejoice in the LORD, ye right 
eous, * and give thanks to the 
memorial of His holiness ! 

Antiphon. l Sing unto the LORD, 
.and bless His name. 

Antiphon for Paschal time. Al 
leluia, Alleluia, Alleluia. 

Then is said a Verse and Answer. 
In Advent. 

Verse. Send forth the Lamb, O 
Lord, the ruler of the land. 

Answer. From the " Rock " of 
the wilderness unto the mount of 
the daughter of Zion. 

During the rest of the year. 
Verse. 2 Let my prayer come 
before Thee, O Lord. 

Answer. Incline Thine ear unto 
my cry. 

In Lent. 

Verse. He shall cover thee with 
His wings. 

Answer. And under His feath 
ers shalt thou trust. 

In Passion time. 

Verse. O Lord, save me from 
the lion s mouth. 

Answer. And mine affliction 
from the horns of the unicorns. 

In Paschal time. 

Verse. The Lord is risen in 
deed, Alleluia. 

Answer. And hath appeared un 
to Simon, Alleluia. 

The rest is the same as the Second 



Nocturn on the preceding Sunday, only 
the Lessons, and sometimes the Rt 



Simple Feasts. It is to be remembered 
that when a Simple Feast is kept on 
Friday, the Invitatory and Hymn are 
of the Feast, being taken from the Com 
mon of Saints of the class, unless speci 
ally given. 

Then the Psalms and Antiphons of 
the Week-day, as given above. Then is 
said a Verse and Answer as follows : 

I ?i the Simple Office for one or many 
Martyrs in Paschal time. 

Verse. The everlasting light 
shall shine upon Thy Saints, O 
Lord. Alleluia. 

Answer. Even unto everlasting. 
Alleluia. 



.sories, are those of the day. 



1 Ps. XCV. 2. 

4 Ps. Ixvii. 3. 



In the Simple Office for one Martyr, 
(put of Paschal time}. 

Verse. 3 Thou hast set a crown, 
O Lord, of precious stones. 
Answer. Upon his head. 

In the Simple Office for many Martyrs, 
(out of Paschal time}. 

Verse. 4 Let the righteous re 
joice before God. 

Answer. Yea, let them exceed 
ingly rejoice. 

In the Simple Office for a Bishop and 
Co?ifessor. 

Verse. 5 The Lord chose him for 
a priest unto Himself. 

\In Paschal time, add Alleluia.] 
Answer. To offer up unto Him 
the sacrifice of praise. 

\In Paschal time, add Alleluia.] 

In the Simple Office for a Confessor 
not a Bishop. 

Verse. 6 The mouth of the right 
eous shall speak wisdom. 

[In Paschal time, add Alleluia.] 

Answer. And his tongue talk of 
judgment. 

[/;/ Paschal time, add Alleluia.] 

2 Ps. txxxvii. 3. 3 Ps. xx. 3. 

6 Ps. xxxvi. 30. 



Respon- 



5 Ecclus. xlv. 16. 



FRIDAY AT MATTINS. 



For one Holy Woman, of whatever 
kind. 

Verse. * God shall give her the 
help of His countenance. 

[In Paschal time, add Alleluia.] 

Answer. God is in the midst of 
her, she shall not be moved. 

\In Paschal time, add Alleluia.] 

The others, as well as what follows, 
to the end of the Service, are taken from 
the Second Nocturn of the Office common 
to Saints of the class, unless something 
special be appointed. The Lessons are 
arranged according to the rules in Chap 
ter xxvi. 4 of the general Rubrics. 
The Hymn, "We praise Thee, O God," 
is said at the end, instead of a Third 
Responsory. The Responsories are ar 
ranged according to the rules i?i Chapter 
xxvii. 4 of the General Rubrics. Thus: 

The Lord s Prayer is said: 

OUR Father (inaudibly], Who art 
in heaven, Hallowed be Thy 
Name. Thy Kingdom come. Thy 
will be done on earth, as it is in 
heaven. Give us this day our daily 
bread. And forgive us our tres 
passes, as we forgive them that tres 
pass against us. (Aloud.) 

Verse. And lead us not into 
temptation. 

Answer. But deliver us from 
evil. 

Then this Absolution : 

"TV/FAY His loving kindness and 
-*>-*- mercy help us, Who liveth 
and reigneth with the Father, and 
the Holy Ghost, world without end. 
Answer. Amen. 



Then the Reader says : 
Sir, be pleased to give the bless 



ing. 



First Blessing, if the Lesson be from 
Scripture. 

God the Father, the Almighty, 
Show on us His grace and mercy. 
Answer. Amen. 

First Blessing, if the Lesson be of an 
Homily. 

May the Gospel s saving Lord 
Bless the reading of His Word. 
Answer. Amen. 

First Blessing on a Simple Feast. 

May His blessing be upon us, 
Who doth live and reign for ever. 
Answer. Amen. 

Then is read the First Lesson from 
Scripture or from the Homily, or, on a 
Simple Feast, either the First from 
Scripture, or, if the Saint or Saints 
have two Lessons, the whole three Scrip 
ture Lessons read together as one. 

Then the First Responsory, unless 
otherwise directed. On a week-day kept 
as such, this is the First Responsory of 
the preceding Sunday. On a Simple 
Feast, it is the First Responsory in the 
Common Office for the class to which 
the Saint belongs. 

Then the Reader says : 

Sir, be pleased to give the bless 
ing. 

Second Blessing, if the Lesson be of 
Scripture. 

May Christ to all His people give 
For ever in His sight to live. 
Answer. Amen. 

Second Blessing, if the Lesson be from 
an Homily. 

God s most mighty strength alway 
Be His people s staff and stay. 
Answer. Amen. 



1 Ps. xlv. 5, (Alexandrian version). 



152 



THE PSALTER. 



Second Blessing, for a Simple Feast. 

He (or She or They) whose feast- 
day we are keeping 
Plead for us before the Lord. 
Answer. Amen. 

Then is read the Second Lesson, either 
from the Scripture or from an Homily, 
or, on a Simple Feast, either the Second 
and Third Lessons from Scripture read 
together as one, or, if the Saint or Saints 
have two Lessons, the first of these. 

Then the Second Responsory, tmless 
otherwise directed. On a week-day kept 
as such, this is the Second Responsory 
of the preceding Sunday, but in Paschal 
time there is added to it : 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

And the Answer of the Responsory is 
repeated again. 

On a Simple Feast the Second Re 
sponsory in the Common Office for the 
class to which the Saint belongs, with the 
addition of " Glory be to the Father," 
&>c., and the repetition of the Answer. 



Then the Reader says : 

Sir, be pleased to give the bless 
ing. 

Third Blessing, if the Lesson be of 
Scripture. 

May the Spirit s fire divine 
In our inmost being shine. 
Answer. Amen. 

Third Blessing, for a Simple Feast, or 
if the Lesson be from an Homily. 

May He that is the Angels King 
To that high realm His people bring. 
Answer. Amen. 

Then is read the Third Lesson either 
from Scripture, or of the Homily, or, 
on Simple Feasts, the Second or only 
Lesson of the Saint. 

Then, on Simple Feasts and on any 
day in Paschal time is said the Hymn, 
"We praise Thee, O God." But on 
week-days kept as such out of Paschal 
time the Third Responsory of the pre 
ceding Sunday. 



153 



at 



THE SIXTH DAY OF THE WEEK. 



All as on Sunday, except as other 
wise given here. 

The Psalms are as follows : 
Antiphon. Uphold mine heart. 

Psalm L. 

Have mercy upon me, &c., (/. 
87). 

Anfiphon. Uphold mine heart 
with Thy free spirit, O God. 

Second Antiphon. In Thy faith 
fulness. 

Psalm CXLII. 

[Intituled "A Psalm of David," and 

the Vulgate and the LXX. add, "when 

he was being persecuted by Absolom his 
son."] 

TTEAR my prayer, O LORD, 
* -* give ear to my supplication 
in Thy faithfulness : * answer me, 
in Thy righteousness. 

And enter not into judgment 
with Thy servant : * for in Thy 
sight shall no man living be jus 
tified. 

For the enemy hath persecuted 
my soul : * he hath smitten my 
life down to the ground : 

He hath made me to dwell in 
darkness, as those that have been 



long dead. * Therefore is my 
spirit overwhelmed within me : mine 
heart within me is troubled. 

I remember the days of old : 
I meditate on all thy works : * 
I muse on the works of Thine 
hands. 

I stretch forth mine hands unto 
Thee : * my soul [thirsteth] after 
Thee, as a thirsty land. 1 

Hear me speedily, O LORD : * 
my spirit faileth : 

Hide not Thy face from me, * 
lest I be like unto them that go 
down into the pit. 

Cause me to hear Thy loving- 
kindness in the morning : * for 
in Thee do I trust : 

Cause me to know the way 
wherein I should walk : * for I 
lift up my soul unto Thee. 

Deliver me, O LORD, from 
mine enemies : I flee unto Thee 
to hide me. * Teach me to do 
Thy will : for Thou art my God. 

Let Thy good Spirit lead me 
into the land of uprightness. 
For Thy name s sake, O LORD, 
Thou shalt quicken me in Thy 
righteousness. 

Thou shalt bring my soul out 
of trouble : * and of Thy mercy 
cut off mine enemies, 



1 SLH. 



154 



THE PSALTER. 



And destroy all them that af 
flict my soul : * for I am Thy 
servant. 

Antiphon. In Thy faithfulness, 
answer me, O Lprd. 

Third Antiphon. O Lord. 

Psalms LXIL, LXVI. 

O God. Thou art my God, &c., 
(/ 23). 

Antiphon. O Lord, cause Thy 
face to shine upon us. 

Fourth Antiphon. O LORD, I 
have heard. 

If this Antiphon be used the Can 
ticle begins with the words, "Thy 
speech." 

THE SONG OF HABAKKUK THE 
PROPHET. (Hab. iii.) 

[Intituled "A prayer of Habakkuk the 
Prophet " with a direction, perhaps musi 
cal.] 

OLORD, I have heard tell of 
Thee : * and was afraid : 

O LORD, revive Thy work * in 
the midst of the years ; 

In the midst of the years shalt 
Thou make it known : * in wrath, 
Thou wilt remember mercy. 

God shall come from " the 
South," * and the Holy One 
from Mount Paran. 1 



His glory covered the heavens, 

* and the earth was full of His 
praise. 

His brightness was as the light : 

* He had horns 2 coming out of 
His hand : 

There was the hiding of His 
power. * Before Him went death. 

And the destroyer went forth 
at His feet. * He stood and mea 
sured the earth : 

He beheld, and drove asunder 
the nations : * and the everlast 
ing mountains were crushed : 

The everlasting hills did bow : * 
because the Eternal passed by. 3 

I saw the tents of Ethiopia in 
affliction : * the curtains of the 
land of Midian did tremble. 4 

Wast Thou displeased against 
the rivers, O LORD ? * was Thine 
anger against the rivers ? Thy 
wrath against the sea? 

That Thou didst ride upon 
Thine horses, * and Thy chariots 
were salvation? 

Thou didst seize and draw Thy 
bow, * according to the oaths that 
Thou utteredst unto the tribes. 5 

Thou didst cleave the rivers of 
the earth : the mountains saw Thee 
and they trembled : * the overflow 
ing of the water passed by : 

The deep uttered his voice: * 
he lifted up his hands on high. 

The sun and moon stood still 



1 SLH. "The South" is, in the original, "Teman," the name of a country and nation 
eastward of Idumea, but used for the south generally. Paran, or Pharan, is an uncultured 
and mountainous region, lying between Arabia Petraea, Palestine, and Idumea. The pas 
sage is an imitation of the words of Moses when blessing the tribes. Deut. xxxiii. 2. " The 
LORD came from Sinai, and rose up from Seir unto them ; He stirred forth from Mount 
Paran, and He came with ten thousands of Saints : from His right hand went a fiery law 
for them." 

2 Gesenius says " Horns is here used of flashes of lightning, just as the Arabian poets 
compare the first beams of the rising sun to horns, and call the sun itself a gazelle." 

3 The present Hebrew simply is "The ways are everlasting to Him." 

4 Proper name of an Arabian nation whose territory lay from the eastern shore of the 
^Elanitic Gulf as far as the land of Moab. 5 SLH. 



FRIDAY AT LAUDS. 



155 



in their habitation : * at the light 
of Thine arrows they went forth, at 
the shining of Thy glittering spear.. 
Thou didst tread down the 
land in indignation : * Thou didst 
thresh the heathen in anger. 

Thou wentest forth for the sal 
vation of Thy people, * even for 
salvation with Thine Anointed. 1 

Thou didst smite the head of 
the house of the wicked : 2 * Thou 
didst lay bare the foundation unto 
the neck. 3 

Thou didst curse his sceptre, 
even the head of his fighting men, 
* when they came out as a whirl 
wind to scatter me : 

Their rejoicing was as the re 
joicing of him * that devoureth 
the poor secretly. 

Thou didst make a way in the 
sea for Thine horses, * through 
the mire of great waters. 

I heard, and my belly trembled : 
my lips quivered at the voice : 
Let rottenness enter into my 
bcnes, and corruption swarm 

under me : 

That I may rest in the day of 
trouble : * that I may go up unto 
our people that are girded. 4 

Although the fig-tree shall not 
blossom, * neither shall fruit be 
in the vines : 

The labour of the olive shall 
fail, : and the fields shall yield 
no meat : 

The flock shall be cut off from 
the fold, * and there shall be no 
herd in the stalls : 



Yet will I rejoice in the LORD : 
I will joy in the God of my 
salvation. 5 

The LORD God is my strength : 
* and He will make my feet like 
hinds feet : 

And He will lead me forth, to 
make me to walk upon mine high 
places, * as a conqueror, to sing- 
praises unto Him. 6 

Antiphon. O LORD, I have heard 
Thy speech, and was afraid. 
Fifth Antiphon. Praise God. 

Psalms CXLVIII., CXLIX., CL. 

Praise ye the LORD, from the 
heavens, &c., (//. 25, 26). 

Antiphon. Praise God with the 
timbrel and dance. 

CHAPTER. (Rom. xiii. 12.) 

The night is far spent, &c., (as on 
Monday, p. 89). 

HYMN. 7 



of the eternal Heaven, 
~* Blessed Hope to mortals given, 
Of the Almighty Only Son, 
And the Virgin s Holy One ; 
Raise us, Lord, and we shall rise 

In a sober mood, 
And a zeal which glorifies 
Thee from gratitude. 

Now the day-star keenly glancing, 
Tells us of the sun s advancing-; 
While the unhealthy shades decline, 
Rise within us, Light Divine ! 



1 Moses? 2 Pharaoh? 

3 SLH. Some critics read " of the rock " instead of " unto the neck." 

Accinctum. The Latin translator probably meant "girt," as the dead were girt, cf. 
John xi. 44. 5 j esu j\j eo _ ^ tne Hebrew. 

This last clause seems to be only a musical direction, which has got confounded with 
the text. Some translate it : " Given to the leader of the string band." 

7 Hymn of the Ambrosian school, slightly altered ; translation by the late Card. Newman. 



156 THE PSALTER. 

Rise, and, risen, go not hence, Verse. Thou hast satisfied us 

Stay and make us bright, ear i y w i t h Thy mercy. 

Streaming through each cleansed Answer. We rejoice and are 

sense, 

On the outward night. g lacl - 

Antiphon for the Sons of Zach- 

Then the root of faith shall spread . * J *, J 

In the heart new fashioned ; anas. Through the tender mercy 

Gladsome hope shall spring above, of our God * the day-spring from on 

And shall bear the fruit of love. high hath visited us. 
To the Father, and the Son, 

And the Holy Ghost, Commemoration of the Cross before 

Here be glory, as is done, the other Commemorations, and Long 

By the Angelic host. Preces in Advent and Lent, and on 

Amen. Fast-days, as on Monday. 



157 



atiiri)aj) at Jttattins, 



THE SABBATH. 



All as on Sunday, except as other 
wise given here. 

Invitatory. O come, let us wor 
ship * the Lord our God. 

HYMN. 1 

T7ATHER of mercies infinite, 
* Ruling all things that be, 
Who, shrouded in the depth and height, 
Art One, and yet art Three ; 

Accept our chants, accept our tears, 
A mingled stream we pour ; 

Such stream the laden bosom cheers, 
To taste Thy sweetness more. 

Purge Thou with fire the o ercharged 
mind, 

Its sores and wounds profound; 
And with the watcher s girdle bind 

The limbs which sloth has bound. 

That they who with their chants by 
night 

Before Thy presence come, 
All may be fill d with strength and light 

From their eternal home. 

Grant this, O Father, Only Son, 

And Spirit, God of grace, 
To whom all worship shall be done 

In every time and place. 

Amen. 

Only one Nocturn is said. 
Antiphon. For the Lord. 

In Paschal time only one Antiphon is 
said for the whole Nocturn. Alleluia. 



Psalm XCVII. 

[Intituled " A Psalm." The Vulgate and 
the LXX. ascribe it to David.] 



O 



SING unto the LORD a new 
song: * for He hath done 
marvellous things. 

His right hand, and His holy arm, 

* have gotten Him the victory. 
The LORD hath made known His 

salvation : * His righteousness hath 
He openly showed in the sight of 
the heathen. 

He hath remembered His mercy, 

* and His truth towards the house 
of Israel. 

All the ends of the earth have 
seen * the salvation of our God. 

Make a joyful noise unto the 
LORD, all the earth, * make a 
loud noise and rejoice, and sing 
praise. 

Sing unto the LORD with the 
harp, with the harp and the voice 
of a psalm. * With trumpets and 
sound of cornet, 

Make a joyful noise before the 
LORD, the King. * Let the sea 
roar, and the fulness thereof, the 
world and they that dwell therein. 

Let the floods clap their hands, 
let the hills be joyful together be- 



1 Another hymn of the Ambrosian school, considerably altered ; translation by the late 
Card. Newman. 



THE PSALTER. 



fore the LORD. * For He cometh 
to judge the earth : 

With righteousness shall He judge 
the world, * and the people with 
equity. 

Psalm XCVIII. 

[The Vulgate and the LXX. ascribe this 
Psalm to David.] 

THE LORD reigneth, be the 
people never so impatient : * 
He sitteth upon the Cherubim, be 
the earth never so unquiet. 

The LORD is great in Zion : 
and He is high above all people. 

Let them praise Thy great and 
terrible Name, for it is holy : 
and the King s majesty loveth judg 
ment. 

Thou dost establish equity : 
Thou executest judgment and right 
eousness in Jacob. 

Exalt ye the LORD our God, and 
worship at His footstool : * for it 
is holy. 

Moses and Aaron among His 
priests, * and Samuel among them 
that call upon His name. 

They called upon the LORD, and 
He answered them. * He spake 
unto them in the cloudy pillar : 

They kept His testimonies, 
and the ordinance that He gave 
them. 

Thou answeredst them, O LORD 
our God! * O God, Thou forgav- 
est them, though Thou tookest 
vengeance of their inventions. 

Exalt the LORD our God and 
worship at His holy hill : * for the 
LORD our God is Holy. 

Antiphon. l For the Lord hath 
done marvellous things. 



When the following Psalm, " Make 
a joyful noise unto God, all ye lands," 
is to be said at Lauds (as would be the 
case, for instance, if Christinas Eve fell 
on a Saturday) it is not said here, nor 
its A ntiphon. But instead is said Psalm 
xci., " It is a good thing to give thanks 
unto the LORD," from the Saturday 
Lauds which are to be displaced, with 
the Antiphon, "It is a good thing * to 
give thanks unto the LORD," in which 
case the Psalm begins with the words 
" To give thanks unto the LORD." 

Second Antiphon. Make a joyful 
noise. 

If this Antiphon be used, the Psalm 
begins with the words, " Unto GOD, all 
ye lands." 

Psalm XCIX. 

[Intituled "A Psalm of thanksgiving." 
The Targum has " A Psalm for the Sacrifice 
or thanksgiving."] 

MAKE a joyful noise unto GOD, 
all ye lands : * serve the 
LORD with gladness. 

Come before His presence, * with 
singing. 

Know ye that the LORD, He is 
God : * it is He That hath made 
us, and not we ourselves : 

We are His people, and the 
sheep of his pasture. * Enter into 
His gates with thanksgiving, and 
into His courts with praise : give 
thanks unto Him, 

Praise His Name. For the LORD 
is good, His mercy is everlasting : * 
and His truth endureth to all gen 
erations. 



I 



Psalm C. 
[Intituled " A Psalm of David."] 

WILL sing of mercy and judg 
ment, * unto Thee, O LORD ! 
I will sing and behave myself 



1 Ps. xcvii. I. 



SATURDAY AT MATTINS. 



159 



wisely in a perfect way. * O when 
wilt Thou come unto me ? 

I walked within mine house, * in 
the innocence of mine heart. 

I set no wicked thing before mine 
eyes : * I hate the work of them 
that turn aside. 

A froward heart cleaveth not 
unto me : * the wicked person that 
turned aside from me, I would not 
know. 

Whoso privily slandered his neigh 
bour, * him did I expose. 

Him that had an high look and 
a proud heart : * with him I will 
not eat. 

Mine eyes are upon the faithful 
of the land, that they may dwell 
with me : * he that walked in a 
perfect way, he ministered unto 
me. 

He that doeth proud things shall 
not dwell within mine house : * he 
that speaketh wickedness was not 
upright in my sight. 

I will early destroy all the wicked 
of the land : * that I may cut off 
all wicked doers from the city of the 
LORD. 

Antiphon. l Make a joyful noise 
unto GOD, all ye lands. 
Third Antiphon. O God. 

Psalm CI. 

[Intituled "A Prayer of the afflicted, 
when he is overwhelmed, and poureth 
out his complaint before the LORD."] 

IT EAR my prayer, O LORD, * 
* *- and let my cry come unto 
Thee. 

Hide not Thy face from me : * 
! in the day when I am in trouble 
incline Thine ear unto me. 



In the day when I call upon 
Thee, * answer me speedily. 

For my days are wasted away like 
smoke : * and my bones are con 
sumed as a firebrand. 

I am smitten like grass, and mine 
heart is withered : * for I have 
forgotten to eat my bread. 

By reason of the voice of my 
groaning * my bones cleave to my 
flesh. 

I am like a pelican of the wil 
derness : * I am like an owl in his 
hole. 

I watch, * and am as a sparrow 
alone upon the house-top. 

Mine enemies reproached me 
all the day : * and they that 
praised me are sworn together 
against me. 

For I have eaten ashes like bread, 
* and mingled my drink with weep 
ing : 

Because of thine indignation and 
wrath : * for Thou hast lifted me up 
and cast me down. 

My days are like a shadow that 
declineth : * and I am withered like 
grass. 

But Thou, O LORD, endurest for 
ever, * and Thy remembrance unto 
all generations. 

Thou shalt arise and have mercy 
upon Zion : * for the time to 
favour her, yea, the set time, is 
come. 

For Thy servants take pleasure 
in her stones : * and have pity on 
her dust. 

So the heathen shall fear Thy 
name, O LORD, * and all the kings 
of the earth Thy glory. 

When the LORD shall build up 
Zion, * He shall appear in His 
glory. 



5. XClXs I. 



i6o 



THE PSALTER. 



He hath had regard unto the 
prayer of the destitute, * and hath 
not despised their supplication. 

Let this be written for the gen 
eration to come : * and the people 
which shall be created shall praise 
the LORD. 

For He hath looked down from 
the height of His sanctuary : * 
from heaven did the LORD behold 
the earth : 

To hear the groaning of the 
prisoners, * to loose the children 
of the slain. 

To declare the name of the 
LORD in Zion, * and His praise in 
Jerusalem. 

When the people are gathered 
together, * and the kings, to serve 
the LORD. 

1 He answered him in the way 
of his strength : * Show me the 
shortness of my days. 

Call me not away in the midst of 
my days : * Thy years are unto all 
generations. 

Thou, Lord, in the beginning, 
hast laid the foundation of the 
earth : * and the heavens are the 
works of Thine hands. 

They shall perish, but Thou re- 
mainest : * and they all shall wax 
old as doth a garment : 

And as a vesture shalt Thou 
change them, and they shall be 
changed : * but Thou art the 
Same, and Thy years shall not 
fail. 

The children of Thy servants shall 
continue : * and their seed shall be 
established for ever. 



Psalm CII. 
[Intituled "of David."] 

"DLESS the LORD, O my soul: * 
J-J and all that is within me, bless 
His holy name. 

Bless the LORD, O my soul, * and 
forget not all His benefits. 

Who forgiveth all thine iniquities : 
* Who healeth all thy diseases. 

Who redeemeth thy life from 
destruction : * Who crowneth thee 
with loving - kindness and tender 
mercies. 

Who satisfieth thy desire with 
good things : * thy youth is re 
newed like the eagle s. 

The LORD executeth mercy, * and 
judgment for all that are oppressed. 

He made known His ways unto 
Moses, * His will unto the chil 
dren of Israel. 

The LORD is merciful and gra 
cious : * slow to anger, and plen 
teous in mercy. 

He will not always chide : * 
neither will He keep His anger for 
ever. 

He hath not dealt with us after 
our sins : * nor rewarded us accord 
ing to our iniquities. 

For as the heaven is high above 
the earth, * so great is His mercy 
toward them that fear Him. 

As far as the east is from the 
west, * so far hath He removed our 
transgressions from us. 

Like as a father pitieth his chil 
dren, so the LORD pitieth them that 
fear Him. * For He knoweth our 
frame ; 



1 "He" may be taken for the "afflicted man" who has just given utterance to his 
hopes of a brighter future. The Hebrew, (as now pointed,) reads: " Pie afflicted in the 
way his (my) strength, he cut short my days." The Alexandrian translators, using an 
unpointed text, took the opening word of the clause to mean " he answered " instead 
of "he afflicted" as they might easily do, the letters being the same for either word. 
The Hebrew text itself is not quite settled. 



SATURDAY AT MATTINS. 



161 



He remembereth that we are 
dust : * as for man, his days are as 
grass, as a flower of the field so 
shall he flourish. 

For the wind passeth over it, and 
it is gone, * and the place thereof 
shall know it no more. 

But the mercy of the LORD is 
from everlasting " to everlasting 
upon them that fear Him, 

And His righteousness unto chil 
dren s children ; * to such as keep 
His covenant, 

And to those that remember His 
commandments, * to do them. 

The LORD hath prepared His 
throne in heaven, * and His king 
dom shall rule over all. 

Bless the LORD, all ye His 
Angels, * that excel in strength, 
that do His commandments, to 
hearken unto the voice of His 
word. 

Bless ye the LORD, all ye His 
hosts : * ye ministers of His that 
do His pleasure. 

Bless the LORD, all His works : 
* in all places of His dominion ; 
bless the LORD, O my soul ! 

Antiphon. l O God, let my cry 
come unto Thee. 

Fourth Antiphon. Bless the 
LORD. 

If this Antiphon be used the Psalm 
begins with the words, " O my soul." 

Psalm CIII. 

[The Vulgate and the LXX. ascribe this 
Psalm to David.] 



BLESS the LORD, O my soul : * 
O LORD my God, Thou art 
very great ! 

Thou art clothed with honour and 

i p s c i. T> 2 So is this passage translated, Heb. 

VOL. III. 



majesty, * covering Thyself with 
light as with a garment ! 

Who stretchest out the heavens 
like a curtain, * Who coverest their 
upper chambers with the waters ! 

Who makest the clouds Thy 
chariot, * Who walkest upon the 
wings of the wind ! 

Who makest Thine Angels spi 
rits : * and Thy ministers a flame 
of fire ! 2 

Who layest the foundations of the 
earth * it shall not be removed for 
ever ! 

Thou coveredst it with the deep 
as with a garment, * the waters 
stood above the mountains. 

At Thy rebuke they fled : * at 
the voice of Thy thunder they hasted 
fearfully away. 

The mountains go up, and the 
valleys go down, * into the place 
which Thou hast founded for them. 

Thou hast set a bound, that 
they may not pass over : * that 
they turn not again to cover the 
earth. 

Who sendeth springs into the 
valleys : * the waters run among 
the hills. 

All the beasts of the field drink 
thereof: * the wild asses seek them 
in their thirst. 

By them build the fowls of the 
heaven their habitation ; * they sing 
among the rocks. 

He watereth the hills from His 
upper chambers : * the earth is 
satisfied with the fruit of Thy 
works. 

He causeth the grass to grow for 
the cattle, * and herb for the service 
of men : 

That Thou mayest bring forth 
food out of the earth, * and wine 



1 62 



THE PSALTER. 



that maketh glad the heart of 
man ; 

Oil to make his face to shine, * 
and bread to strengthen man s 
heart. 

The trees of the field are filled 
[with sap], the cedars of Lebanon 
also, which He hath planted : 
there the birds make their nests. 

The stork s nest is the highest 
among them : * the high hills are a 
refuge for the wild goats, and the 
rocks for the conies. 

He hath appointed the moon for 
seasons : * the sun knoweth his 
going down. 

Thou makest darkness, and it is 
night : * wherein all the beasts of 
the forest do come forth. 

The young lions roar after their 
prey, * and seek their meat from 
God. 

The sun ariseth, and they gather 
themselves together: * and lay 
them down in their dens. 

Man goeth forth unto his work, 

* and to his labour, until the even 
ing. 

O LORD, how manifold are Thy 
works ! * in wisdom hast Thou 
made them all : the earth is full of 
Thy riches. 

So is this great and wide sea : 

* wherein are things creeping in 
numerable. 

Both small and great beasts : * 
there go the ships; 

There is that Leviathan whom 
Thou hast made to play with him : 

* these all wait upon Thee, that 
Thou mayest give them their meat 
in due season. 

That thou givest them, they 
gather : * when Thou openest Thine 
hand, they are all filled with good. 



Thou hidest Thy face, they are 
troubled : * Thou takest away their 
breath, they die, and return to their 
dust. 

Thou sendest forth Thy spirit, 
and they are created : * and Thou 
renewest the face of the earth. 

Let the glory of the LORD endure 
for ever ! * the LORD shall rejoice in 
His works. 

He looketh on the earth and 
maketh it to tremble : * He touch- 
eth the mountains and they smoke. 

I will sing unto the LORD as long 
as I live : * I will sing praise to my 
God while I have my being. 

My meditation of Him shall be 
sweet : * I will be glad in the 
LORD. 

Let the sinners be consumed out 
of the earth, and let the wicked be 
no more : * bless thou the LORD, O 
my soul ! l 

Psalm CIV. 

[The first fifteen verses of this Psalm 
are found in a slightly different edition in 
I Par. (Chron.) xvi. as the first part of a 
Psalm given by David to Asaph and his 
brethren, on the day that the ark was 
brought to Jerusalem. The rest is our 
present Psalm xcv., which see with the 
notes, p. 148. The Vulgate and the LXX. 
prefix "Alleluia."] 

OGIVE thanks unto the LORD, 
and call upon His name : * 
make known His deeds among the 
heathen. 

Sing unto Him, and sing psalms 
unto Him : * talk ye of all His 
wondrous works. 

Glory ye in His holy name: * 
let the heart of them rejoice that 
seek the LORD. 

Seek the LORD, and be strong: 
* seek His face evermore. 



1 "Alleluia" is here appended in the Hebrew. 



SATURDAY AT MATTINS. 



I6 3 



Remember His marvellous works 
that He hath done: * His won 
ders and the judgments of his 
mouth. 

O ye seed of Abraham, His ser 
vant, * ye children of Jacob His 
chosen ! 

He is the LORD our God : * His 
judgments are in all the earth. 

He hath remembered His cove 
nant for ever, * r the word which 
He commanded to a thousand gen 
erations 

[The covenant] that He made 
with Abraham : * and His oath 
unto Isaac. 

And He confirmed the same 
unto Jacob for a law, * and to 
Israel for an everlasting covenant. 

Saying : Unto thee will I give 
the land of Canaan, * the lot of 
your inheritance. 

When they were but a few men 
in number, * very few, and strangers 
in it. 

And they went from one nation 
to another, * and from one king 
dom to another people. 

He suffered no man to do them 
wrong : * yea, He reproved kings 
for their sakes. 

Touch not Mine anointed, * and 
do My prophets no harm. 1 

Moreover He called for a famine 
upon the land : * and brake the 
whole staff of bread. 

He sent a man before them : * 
Joseph was sold for a servant : 

Whose feet they hurt with fetters, 
the iron entered into his soul. * 
Until his word came, 

The word of the LORD tried 
him : * the king sent and loosed 
him ; even the ruler of the people, 
and let him go free. 

1 Here ends the portion found 



He made him lord of his house, 

* and ruler of all his substance. 

To instruct his princes at his 
pleasure, * and teach his elders 
wisdom. 

Israel also came into Egypt, * 
and Jacob sojourned in the land 
of Ham. 

And He increased His people 
greatly : * and made them stronger 
than their enemies. 

He turned their heart to hate 
His people, * and to deal subtilly 
with his servants. 

He sent Moses His servant, * 
and Aaron whom He had chosen. 

He showed signs among them, 

* and wonders in the land of 
Ham. 

He sent darkness and made it 
dark : * He made not His words, 
of none effect. 

He turned their waters into 
blood, * and slew their fish. 

Their land brought forth frogs, * 
in the chambers of their kings . 

He spake, and there came divers 
sorts of flies, * and lice in all their 
coasts. 

He gave them hail for rain, * 
flaming fire in their land. 

He smote their vines also and 
their fig-trees, * and brake the trees 
of their coasts. 

He spake, and the locust came, 
and the caterpillar, * without 
number, 

And ate up all the herb in their 
land, * and devoured all the fruit 
of their ground. 

He smote also all the first-born 
in their land, * the chief of all 
their travail. 

He brought them forth also with 
silver and gold : * and there was 
in I Par. (Chron.) xvi. 22. 






164 



THE PSALTER. 



not one feeble person among their 
tribes. 

Egypt was glad when they de 
parted : * for the fear of them fell 
upon them. 

He spread a cloud for a cover 
ing, * and fire to give light in the 
night. 

They asked, and the quail came, 
* and He satisfied them with the 
bread of heaven. 

He opened the rock and the 
waters gushed out, * the rivers 
ran through the dry places. 

For He remembered His holy 



promise, 



that He made unto 



Abraham His servant. 

And He brought forth His people 
with joy, * and His chosen with 
gladness. 

And gave them the lands of the 
heathen, * and they inherited the 
labour of the peoples. 

That they might observe His 
statutes, * and keep His laws. 

[Here the Hebrew adds "Alleluia."] 

Antiphon. l Bless the LORD, O 
my soul ! 

Fifth Antiphon. Visit us. 

Psalm CV. 
[Superscribed "Alleluia."] 

OGIVE thanks unto the LORD, 
for He is good : * for His 
mercy endureth for ever. 

Who can utter the mighty acts 
of the LORD? * who can show 
forth all His praise ? 

Blessed are they that keep judg 
ment, * and they that do righteous 
ness at all times. 

Remember us, O LORD, with 

1 Ps. 



the favour that Thou showest unto 
Thy people : * O visit us with 
Thy salvation : 

That I may see the good of Thy 
chosen, that I may rejoice in the 
gladness of Thy people, * that 
Thou mayest be praised in Thine 
inheritance. 

We have sinned with our fathers : 

* we have done wickedly, we have 
committed iniquity. 

Our fathers considered not Thy 
wonders in Egypt : * they remem 
bered not the multitude of Thy 
mercies, 

But provoked Him when they 
went up unto the sea, * even the 
Red Sea. 

Nevertheless He saved them for 
His name s sake, * that He might 
make His mighty power to be 
known. 

He rebuked the Red Sea also, 
and it was dried up : * and He 
led them through the depths as 
through the wilderness. 

And He saved them from the 
hand of them that hated them, * 
and redeemed them from the hand 
of the enemy. 

And the waters covered their 
enemies : * there was not one of 
them left. 

And they believed His words : 

* and sang His praise. 

They soon forgot His works : * 
and waited not for His counsel. 

And lusted exceedingly in the 
wilderness : * and tempted God 
in the desert. 

And He gave them their request, 

* and sent fulness into their soul. 
They provoked Moses also in the 

camp, * and Aaron, the saint of the 
LORD. 
cii. i. 



SATURDAY AT MATTINS. 



165 



The earth opened and swallowed 
up Dathan, * and covered the com 
pany of Abiram. 1 

And a fire was kindled in their 
assembly, .* the flame burned up 
the wicked. 

2 They made a calf also in 
Horeb, and worshipped the 
graven image. 

Thus they changed their Glory * 
into the similitude of a calf that 
eateth grass. 

They forgat God their Saviour, 
* Who had done great things in 
Egypt, wondrous works in the land 
of Ham, terrible things by the Red 
Sea. 

Therefore He said that He would 
cut them off, * had not Moses His 
chosen stood before Him in the 
breach, 

To turn away His wrath, lest 
He should destroy them : * yea, 
they despised the pleasant land ; 

They believed not His words : 
but murmured in their tents : 
they hearkened not unto the voice 
of the LORD. 

He also lifted up His hand 
against them, * to overthrow them 
in the wilderness. 



To overthrow their seed also 
among the nations, * and to scat 
ter them in the lands. 

They joined themselves also unto 
Baal-peor, 3 * and ate the sacrifices 
of the dead. 

And they provoked Him to 
anger with their inventions : * and 
the carcasses lay thick among 
them. 

Then stood up Phinehas and 
made a propitiation : and the 
plague was stayed. 

And that was counted unto him 
for righteousness, * unto all genera 
tions for evermore. 

They angered Him also at the 
waters of " Provocation," 4 so 
that it went ill with Moses for 
their sakes ; because they provoked 
his spirit; 

So that he spake unadvisedly with 
his lips. 5 * They did not destroy 
the nations concerning whom the 
LORD commanded them : 6 

And they were mingled among 
the heathen, and learned their 
works, and served their idols : 
and it became a snare to them. 

Yea, they sacrificed their sons 
* and their daughters unto devils. 



1 Numbers xvi. They tried to stir up a rebellion against Moses and Aaron, upon 
levelling principles, "and the earth opened her mouth and swallowed them up, while 
some of their partizans were consumed by a fire which issued from the sanctuary. 

2 For the well-known history of the golden calf, see Exod. xxxii. 

3 I e "the Lord of Mount Peor," an idol of the Moabites. The whole history of this 
lapse of the Israelites, and how Phinehas stopped the plague by killing one pair of 
the transgressors, is in Numbers xxv. "And the LORD spake unto Moses saying : 
Phinehas, the son of Eleazar, the son of Aaron the Priest, hath turned My wrath 
away from the children of Israel. . . . Behold, I give unto him My covenant of 
peace ; and he shall have it, and his seed after him, even the covenant of an ever! 
Priesthood. " 

f ee .O te n And Soses^ 3> . said unto them: Hear now, ye rebe.s must 
you wate out of this rock?" v. 12. "And the LORD spake ""to Moses 



Tn J h udes i. 2 i to the end, is a long list of the districts of idolaters whom they left in 
Canaan and among whom they lived. 



1 66 



THE PSALTER. 



And shed innocent blood, * even 
the blood of their sons and of their 
daughters, whom they sacrificed unto 
the idols of Chanaan : 

And the land was polluted with 
blood. They were defiled also 
with their own works, * and went 
a whoring with their own inven 
tions. 

Therefore was the wrath of the 
LORD kindled against His people, 

* and He abhorred His own in 
heritance. 

And He gave them into the hand 
of the heathen : * and they that 
hated them ruled over them. 

Their enemies also oppressed 
them, and they were brought into 
subjection under their hand. * 
Many times did He deliver them, 

But they provoked Him with 
their counsel, * and they were 
brought low for their iniquity. 

But He regarded their affliction, 

* and heard their cry. 

And He remembered His cove 
nant, * and repented according to 
the multitude of His mercies. 

He made them also to be pitied 

* of all those that carried them 
captives. 

Save us, O LORD our God, * 
and gather us from among the 
nations ! 

To give thanks unto Thy holy 
Name, * and to triumph in Thy 
praise. 

Blessed be the LORD God of 
Israel from everlasting to everlast 
ing : * and let all the people say : 
Amen, Amen. 

[The Hebrew adds "Alleluia," which 
the Vulgate and the LXX. prefix to 
the next Psalm. Here ends the fourth 
of the five books into which the Psalter 
is divided.] 



Psalm CVI. 

GIVE thanks unto the LORD, 
for He is good : * for His 
mercy endureth for ever. 

Let the redeemed of the LORD 
say so, whom He hath redeemed 
from the hand of the enemy : * 
and gathered them out of the 
lands, 

From the rising of the sun and 
from the setting thereof, * from 
the north and from the south. 

They wandered in the wilderness 
in a dry land : * they found no 
pathway to a city to dwell in : 

Hungry and thirsty, * their soul 
fainted in them. 

Then they cried unto the LORD 
in their trouble; * and He de 
livered them out of their distresses. 

And He led them forth by the 
right way, * that they might go 
to a city to dwell in. 

O that men would praise the 
LORD for His goodness : * and for 
His wonderful works to the children 
of men ! 

For He satisfieth the longing 
soul : * and filleth the hungry soul 
with goodness. 

Such as sit in darkness and in 
the shadow of death, * being bound 
in affliction and iron. 

Because they rebelled against the 
words of God, * and contemned the 
counsel of the Most High. 

Therefore their heart was brought 
down with labour : * they fell down, 
and there was none to help. 

Then they cried unto the LORD 
in their trouble : * and He de 
livered them out of their distresses. 

And He brought them out of 
darkness and the shadow of death : 
* and brake their bands in sunder. 



SATURDAY AT MATTINS. 



I6 7 



O that men would praise the 
LORD for His goodness : * and 
for His wonderful works to the 
children of men ! 

For He hath broken the gates 
of brass, * and cut the bars of iron 
in sunder. 

He saved them from the way 
of their transgression : * for they 
were afflicted because of their in 
iquities. 

Their soul abhorred all manner 
of meat : * and they drew near even 
unto the gates of death. 

Then they cried unto the LORD 
in their trouble : * and He de 
livered them out of their dis 
tresses. 

He sent His word and healed 
them, * and delivered them from 
their straits. 

O that men would praise the 
LORD for His goodness : * and for 
His wonderful works to the children 
of men ! 

Yea, let them sacrifice the sacri 
fice of thanksgiving, * and declare 
His works with rejoicing. 

They that go down to the sea 
in ships, * and do business in great 
waters ; 

These see the works of the LORD, 

* and His wonders in the deep. 

He commandeth, and the stormy 
wind riseth, * and the waves thereof 
are lifted up. 

They mount up to the heaven, 
and go down again to the depths : 

* their soul is melted because of 
trouble. 

They reel to and fro, and stagger 
like a drunken man, * and are at 
their wits end. 

Then they cry unto the LORD 
in their trouble, * and He delivereth 
them out of their distresses. 



And He maketh the storm a 
calm, * and the waves thereof are 
still. 

And they are glad because [the 
breakers] be quiet : * so He 
bringeth them unto their desired 
haven. 

O that men would praise the 
LORD for His goodness : * and for 
His wonderful works to the children 
of men ! 

Let them exalt Him also in the 
congregation of the people, * and 
praise Him in the assembly of the 
elders. 

He turneth the rivers into a 
wilderness, * and the water-springs 
into dry ground ; 

A fruitful land into a salt desert, 
* for the wickedness of them that 
dwell therein. 

He turneth the wilderness into a 
standing-water, * and dry ground 
into water-springs. 

And there He maketh the hungry 
to abide, * and they prepare a city 
to dwell in : 

And sow the fields, and plant 
vineyards, * and bring forth fruits 
of increase. 

He blesseth them also, and they 
are multiplied greatly: * and He 
suffereth not their cattle to decrease. 

Again they are minished, * and 
brought low, through oppression, 
affliction, and sorrow. 

He poureth contempt upon prin 
ces, * and He causeth them to 
wander in the wilderness, and in 
the land where there is no way. 

Yet helpeth He the poor from 
affliction, * and maketh him fami 
lies like a flock. 

The righteous shall see it and 
rejoice : * and all iniquity shall stop 
her mouth. 



i68 



THE PSALTER. 



Who is wise, and will observe 
these things ? * even he shall un 
derstand the loving-kindness of the 
LORD. 

Antiphon. 1 Visit us with Thy 
salvation, O LORD. 

Sixth Antiphon. I will greatly 
praise. 

Psalm CVII. 

[Intituled "A Song. A Psalm of David." 
It is a compilation of Ps. Ivi. 8-12, and 
Ps. lix. 6-14.] 

A /TINE heart is ready, O God, 
LA mine heart is ready: * I 
will sing and give praise, even with 
my glory. 

Awake up, my glory, awake, 
psaltery and harp ! * I will awake 
right early. 

I will praise Thee, O LORD, 
among the people : * and sing unto 
Thee among the nations. 

For Thy mercy is great above the 
heavens : * and Thy truth unto the 
clouds. 

Be Thou exalted, O God, 
above the heavens, and let Thy 
glory be above all the earth : * 
2 that Thy beloved may be de 
livered : 

Save with Thy right hand and 
hear me. * God hath spoken in 
His holiness : 

I will rejoice, and divide She- 
chem, * and mete out the valley of 
booths. 

Gilead is mine ; and Manasseh 
is mine : * Ephraim also is the 
strength of mine head : 

Judah is my King : * Moab is 
the vessel [of the triumph] of mine 
hope. 



Over Edom will I cast out my 
shoe : * over the " Strangers " have 
I triumphed. 

Who will bring me into the strong 
city ? * who will lead me into 
Edom ? 

Wilt not Thou, O God, Who 
hast cast us off? * and wilt not 
Thou go forth with our armies, 
O God? 

Give us help from trouble : * for 
vain is the help of man. 

Through God we shall do val 
iantly : * and He it is That shall 
tread down our enemies. 



Psalm CVIII. 

[Intituled "A Psalm of David," with a 
superscription, probably musical, but now 
uncertain.] 

T_T OLD not Thy peace, O God 
-*- ^ of my praise : * for the 
mouth of the wicked, and the 
mouth of the deceitful are opened 
against me : 

They have spoken against me 
with a lying tongue : they com 
passed me about also with words of 
hatred : * and fought against me 
without a cause. 

In return for my love they were 
mine adversaries : * but I gave 
myself unto prayer. 

And they have rewarded me evil 
for good, * and hatred for my love. 

Set Thou a wicked man over 
him : * and let the devil stand at 
his right hand. 

When he is judged, let him go 
forth condemned : * and let his 
prayer become sin. 

Let his days be few ; * and let 
another take his office. 



1 Ps. cv. 4. 

2 Here begins the extract from Ps. lix. See that Psalm and notes on it, p. 112. 



SATURDAY AT MATTINS. 



169 



Let his children be fatherless, * 
and his wife a widow. 

Let his children be continually 
vagabonds, and beg : * and let 
them be driven out of their dwell 
ings. 

Let the extortioner catch all that 
he hath : * and let the stranger spoil 
his labour. 

Let there be none to extend 
mercy unto him : * and let there 
be none to have pity on his little 
ones. 

Let his posterity be cut off: * in 
one generation let their name be 
blotted out. 

Let the iniquity of his fathers be 
remembered before the LORD : 
and let not the sin of his mother be 
blotted out. 

Let them be before the LORD 
continually, and let their memory 
be cut off from the earth. * Be 
cause that he remembered not to 
show mercy, 

But persecuted the poor and 
needy man, * and the broken in 
heart, that he might slay him. 

As he loved cursing, so let it 
come unto him : * as he delighted 
not in blessing, so let it be far 
from him : 

As he clothed himself with curs 
ing, like as with a garment, * so 
let it come into his bowels like 
water, and like oil into his bones. 

Let it be unto him as the gar 
ment which covereth him, * and 
for a girdle wherewith he may be 
girded continually. 

Let this be the reward of mine 
adversaries from the LORD : * and 
of them that speak evil against my 
soul. 

And do Thou for me, O LORD, 

1 Ps. 
VOL. III. 



for Thy name s sake, O Lord, * 
because Thy mercy is good. 

Deliver Thou me, for I am 
poor and needy : * and mine heart 
is wounded within me. 

I am gone like the shadow when 
it declineth : * and tossed up and 
down as the locust. 

My knees are weak through 
fasting : * and my flesh faileth 
of fatness. 

I became also a reproach unto 
them : * they looked upon me, 
and shaked their heads. 

Help me, O LORD my God ! * 
O save me according to Thy 
mercy. 

That they also may know that 
this is Thine hand : * and Thou, 
LORD, hast done it ! 

Let them curse, but bless Thou : 
* when they arise against me let 
them be ashamed : but let Thy 
servant rejoice. 

Let mine adversaries be clothed 
with shame : * and let them be 
covered with their own confusion 
as with a mantle. 

I will greatly praise the LORD 
with my mouth : * yea, I will 
praise Him among the multitude. 

For He standeth at the right 
hand of the poor, * to save my 
soul from them that persecute me. 

Antiphon. l l will greatly praise 
the LORD with my mouth. 

Antiphon in Paschal time. Al 
leluia, Alleluia, Alleluia. 

Then is said a Verse and Answer. 

In Advent. 

Verse. The LORD cometh out of 
His holy place. 

cviii. 30. 

F 2 



THE PSALTER. 



Answer. He will come and save 
His people. 

During the rest of the year. 

Verse. l Hear my prayer, O 
LORD. 

Answer. And let my cry come 
unto Thee. 

In Lent. 

Verse. His truth shall be thy 
shield. 

Answer. Thou shalt not be 
afraid for the terror by night. 

In Passion time. 

Verse. Take not away my soul 
with sinners, O God. 



Answer. Nor my life with bloody 
men. 

In Paschal time. 

Verse. The disciples were glad, 
Alleluia. 

Answer. When they saw the Lord, 
Alleluia. 

The rest is the same as the Third 
Nocturn of the preceding Sunday, ex 
cept necessary differences. The Lessons 
are those of the day. The Responsories 
are arranged according to the rules in 
Chapter xxvii. 4, 5, of the General 
Rubrics. 

No Festal Office can occur, except 
that of the Immaculate Conception of 
the Blessed Virgin Mary. 



Ps. ci. 2. 



at 

THE SABBATH. 



All as on Sunday, except as otherwise 
given here. 

The Psalms are as follows: 
Antiphon. Do good. 

Psalm L. 

Have mercy upon me, &c., (/. 
87). 

Antiphon. Do good, O Lord, in 
Thy good pleasure. 

Second Antiphon. It is a good 
thing. 

If this Antiphon be used the Psalm 
begins with the words, "To give 
thanks." 

Psalm XCI. 

[Intituled "A Psalm. A Song for the 
Sabbath Day."] 

TT is a good thing to give thanks 
^ unto the LORD, * and to sing 
praises unto Thy name, O Most 
High! 

To show forth Thy loving-kind 
ness in the morning, * and Thy 
faithfulness in the night; 

Upon an instrument of ten 
strings : * upon the harp with a 
solemn sound. 

For Thou, LORD, hast made me 



glad through Thy work : * and I 
will triumph in the works of Thine 
hands. 

O LORD, how great are Thy 
works ! * Thy thoughts are very 
deep. 

A brutish man knoweth not : * 
neither doth a fool understand this. 

When the wicked spring up like 
grass : * and when all the workers 
of iniquity are seen, 

It is that they may be destroyed 
for ever: * but Thou, LORD, art 
Most High for evermore. 

For, lo, Thine enemies, O LORD, 
for, lo, Thine enemies shall perish : 
* and all the workers of iniquity 
shall be scattered. 

But mine horn shall be exalted 
like the horn of an unicorn : * and 
mine old age shall be crowned with 
Thy mercy. 1 

Mine eye also shall look upon 
mine enemies : * and mine ear shall 
hear of the wicked that rise up 
against me. 

The righteous shall flourish like 
the palm tree : * he shall grow like 
a cedar in Lebanon. 

Those that are planted in the 
house of the LORD, * in the courts 
of the house of our God shall 
flourish. 



1 Hebrew : " I am anointed with fresh oil." 



172 



THE PSALTER. 



They shall still bring forth fruit 
in old age : * they shall flourish, 
to declare : 

That the LORD our God is up 
right : * and that there is no un 
righteousness in Him. 

Antiphon. It is a good thing to 
give thanks unto the LORD. 

Third Antiphon. Let all the 
ends. 

Psalms LXIL, LXVI. 

O God, Thou art my God, &c., 
(/ 23). 

Antiphon. Let all the ends of 
the earth fear the Lord. 

Fourth Antiphon. Ascribe ye 
greatness. 

THE SONG OF MOSES. (Deut. xxxii.) 

[Deut. xxxi. 28: "Gather unto me," 
(said Moses) "all the elders of your tribes, 
and your officers, that I may speak these 
words in their ears, and call heaven and 
earth to record against them. For I know 
that after my death ye will utterly corrupt 
yourselves and turn aside from the way 
which I have commanded you ; and evil 
will befall you in the latter days ; because 
ye will do evil in the sight of the LORD, to 
provoke Him to anger through the work of 
your hands. And Moses spake in the ears 
of all the congregation of Israel the words 
of this song, until they were ended : "] 

GIVE ear, O ye heavens, and I 
will speak ; * and hear, O 
earth, the words of my mouth. 

My teaching shall drop as the 
rain, * my speech shall distil as the 
dew; 

As the small rain upon the 
tender herb, and as the showers 
upon the grass : * because I will 
proclaim the name of the LORD. 

Ascribe ye greatness unto our 
God. * The works of God are 



perfect : and all His ways are judg 
ment : 

A God of truth, and without 
iniquity, just and right is He. * 
They have sinned against Him, 
and by their defilement they are 
not His children : 

They are a perverse and crooked 
generation. * Do ye thus requite 
the LORD, O foolish people and 
unwise ? 

Is not He thy Father? * That 
hath bought thee, and made thee, 
and created thee ? 

Remember the days of old, * 
consider generation after genera 
tion : 

Ask thy father, and he will show 
thee * thine elders, and they will 
tell thee. 

When the Most High divided 
the nations, * when He separated 
the sons of Adam, 

He set the bounds of the people 

* according to the number of the 
children of Israel. 

For the LORD S portion is His 
people : * Jacob is the lot of his 
inheritance. 

He found him in a desert land, 

* in the waste and howling wilder 
ness : 

He led him about and instructed 
him, * and kept him as the apple 
of His eye. 

As the eagle that stirreth up her 
young to fly, * and fluttereth over 
them, 

So spread He abroad His wings, 
and took him, * and bore him on 
His pinions ; 

The LORD alone did lead him, 

* and there was no strange god 
with him. 

He made him ride upon the 
high places of the earth, * that 



SATURDAY AT LAUDS. 



173 



he might eat the increase of the 
fields : 

And He made him to suck 
honey out of the rock, * and oil 
out of the flinty rock : 

Butter of kine, and milk of 
sheep, * with fat of lambs and 
rams of the breed of Bashan : 

And goats, with the fat of wheat, 

* and to drink the pure blood of 
the grape. 

The "Beloved" 1 waxed fat, and 
kicked : * he was waxen fat, he 
was grown plump, he was covered 
with fatness : 

He forsook God That made him, 

* and departed from the God of 
his salvation. 

They provoked Him to jealousy 
with strange gods, * and with 
abominations provoked they Him 
to anger. 

They sacrificed unto devils, and 
to things that were no gods, * to 
gods whom they knew not, 

New gods that came newly up, 

* whom their fathers feared not. 
The God That begat thee hast 

thou forsaken, * and hast forgotten 
God That formed thee. 

When the LORD saw it, He was 
roused to anger, * because of the 
provoking of His sons and of His 
daughters. 

And He said : I will hide My 
face from them, * and see what 
their end shall be : 

For they are a very froward 
generation, * children in whom is 
no faith. 

They have moved Me to jealousy 
with that which is not God, * and 
provoked Me to anger with their 
vanities : 



And I will move them to jealousy 
with those who are not a people, 

* and provoke them to anger with 
a foolish nation. 

A fire is kindled in Mine anger, 

* and shall burn unto the lowest 
hell, 

And shall consume the earth with 
her increasej * and set on fire the 
foundations of the mountains. 

I will heap mischiefs upon them, 

* and will spend Mine arrows upon 
them. 

They shall be wasted with hun 
ger, * and the birds of the air 
shall prey on them with a very 
grievous devouring : 

I will send the teeth of beasts 
upon them, * with the poison of 
serpents creeping in the dust. 

The sword without and terror 
within shall destroy * both the 
young man and the virgin, the 
suckling with the man of grey 
hairs. 

I said : Where are they ? * I 
will make the remembrance of 
them to cease among men : 

But I forbore because of the 
wrath of the enemy, * lest their 
adversaries should triumph, 

And lest they should say : Our 
high hand, and not the LORD, * 
hath done all this. 

They are a nation void of coun 
sel, neither is there any under 
standing in them. * O that they 
were wise, and that they understood 
this, and would consider their latter 
end! 

How should one chase a thou 
sand, * and two put ten thousand 
to flight ! 

Except their God had sold them, 



1 Jeshurun but that this pet-name of the Israelite people means "Beloved" is not 
now reckoned certain. 



174 



THE PSALTER. 



* and the LORD had delivered them 
up ! 

For their gods are not as our 
God, * even our enemies them 
selves being judges. 

Their vine is of the vine of 
Sodom, * and of the fields of Go 
morrah : 

Their grapes are grapes of gall, 

* and their clusters are bitter : 
Their wine is the poison of 

dragons, * and the cruel venom of 
asps. 

Is not this laid up in store with 
Me, * and sealed up among My 
treasures ? 

To Me belongeth vengeance, 
and I will repay in due time, * to 
make their foot to slide. 

The day of their calamity is at 
hand, * and the things that shall 
come upon them make haste. 

The LORD shall judge His people, 

* and take pity on His servants, 
When He seeth that their hand 

is weakened, * and there is none 
shut up and left, and that they 
that remained are consumed. 

And He shall say : Where are 
their gods, * in whom they trusted ? 

Of whose sacrifices they did eat 
the fat, * and drank the wine of 
their drink-offerings? 

Let them rise up, and help you, 

* and be your protection in the 
time of need. 

See now that I, even I, am 
He, * and there is no god with 
Me: 

I kill, and I make alive : I wound 
and I heal : * neither is there any 
that can deliver out of Mine hand. 

I will lift up Mine hand to 
heaven, and say : * I live for ever. 



If I whet My glittering sword, 
t and Mine hand take hold on 
judgment ; 

I will render vengeance to Mine 
enemies, * and will requite them 
that hate Me. 

I will make Mine arrows drunk 
with blood, * and My sword shall 
devour flesh; 

With the blood of the slain * and 
of the captives, and of the despoiled 
chief of the enemy. 

Rejoice with His people, ye 
nations : * for He will avenge the 
blood of His servants, 

And will render vengeance to 
their adversaries, * and will be 
merciful unto the land of His 
people. 

Antiphon. Ascribe ye greatness 
unto our God. 

Fifth Antiphon. Praise God. 

Psalms CXLVIII., CXLIX., CL. 

Praise ye the LORD from the 
heavens, &c., (pp. 25, 26). 

Antiphon. Praise God upon the 
loud cymbals. 

CHAPTER. (Rom. xiii. 12.) 

The night is far spent, &c., (as 
on Monday, p. 89). 

HYMN. 1 

/ T*HE dawn is sprinkled o er the sky, 
* The day steals softly on ; 
Its darts are scattered far and nigh, 
And all that fraudful is, shall fly 

Before the brightening sun ; 
Spectres of ill, that stalk at will, 

And forms of guilt that fright, 
And hideous sin, that ventures in 

Under the cloak of night. 



1 Hymn of the Ambrosian school, considerably altered ; translation by the late Card. 
Newman. 



SATURDAY AT LAUDS. 



175 



And of our crimes the tale complete, 

Which bows us in Thy sight, 
Up to the latest, they shall fleet, 
Out-told by our full numbers sweet, 

And melted by the light. 
To Father, Son, and Spirit, One, 

Whom we adore and love, 
Be given all praise, now and always, 

Here as in Heaven above. 

Amen. 

Verse. Thou hast satisfied us 
early with Thy mercy. 



Ansiver. We rejoice and are glad. 

Antiphon for the Song of Zacha- 
rias. Give light, O Lord, * unto 
them that sit in darkness, and guide 
our feet into the way of peace, O 
Thou God of Israel ! 

Commemoration of the Cross before 
the others, and Long Preces in Ad 
vent and Lent, and on Fast-days, 
except the Eves of Christmas and 
Pentecost. 



VESPERS, OR EVENSONG. 1 



StmtJag. 

THE LORD S DAY. 



As it was in the beginning, is now, 
and ever shall be, world without end. 
Amen. Alleluia. 



At the beginning of Vespers the 
Lord s Prayer and the Angelic Salu 
tation are said inaudibly. 

OUR Father, Who art in heaven, 
Hallowed be Thy Name. 
Thy kingdom come. Thy will be 
done on earth, as it is in heaven. 
Give us this day our daily bread. 
And forgive us our trespasses, as 
we forgive them that trespass against 
us. And lead us not into tempta 
tion ; but deliver us from evil. 
Amen. 

IT AIL, Mary, full of grace; The 

^ * Lord is with thee : blessed 
art thou among women, and blessed 
is the fruit of thy womb, JESUS. 

Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray 
for us sinners, now, and at the hour 
of our death. Amen. 

Then is said aloud: 

Verse. *J< Make haste, O God, 
to deliver me. 

Answer. Make haste to help 
me, O LORD. 

Glory be to the Father, and to 
the Son, and to the Holy Ghost. mies. 

1 The proper hour for Vespers is sunset, reckoned to be about 6 P.M. 
recitation, they ought not usually to be begun before noon. 



From Septuagesima Sunday to 
Maundy Thursday instead of "Alle 
luia" is said: 

Ceaseless praise to Thee be given, 
O Eternal King of heaven. 

Then follow the Psalms. They are 
said under Five Antiphons, except in 
Paschal time when there is only one, 
and when these are not specially given, 
those given here are used. 

Antiphon. The LORD said. 

If this Antiphon be used the Psalm 
begins with the words " Unto my 
Lord." 

Antiphon for Paschal time. Al 
leluia. 

Psalm CIX. 

[Intituled "A Psalm of David." The 
first verse was quoted by our Lord. Matth. 
xxii. 44 ; Mark xii. 36 ; Luke xx. 42.] 

HPHE LORD said unto my Lord : 
A * Sit Thou at My right hand, 

Until I make Thine enemies * 
Thy footstool. 

The LORD shall send the rod of 
Thy strength out of Zion : * rule 
Thou in the midst of Thine ene- 



In private 



VESPERS, OR EVENSONG. 



177 



Thine shall be the dominion in 
the day of Thy power, amid the 
brightness of the saints : * from the 
womb, before the day-star have I 
begotten Thee. 

The LORD hath sworn, and will 
not repent : * Thou art a Priest for 
ever after the order of Melchisedek. 

The Lord at Thy right hand * 
shall strike through kings in the 
day of His wrath. 

He shall judge among the hea 
then, He shall fill the places with 
dead bodies : * He shall wound the 
heads over many countries. 

He shall drink of the brook in 
the way: * therefore shall he lift 
up his head. 

Antiphon, The LORD said unto 
my Lord : * Sit Thou at My right 
hand. 

Second Antiphon. All His com 
mandments. 

Psalm CX. 

[The Hebrew prefixes "Alleluia," and 
begins, " I will praise the LORD." The 
Psalm is A B C Darian.] 

T WILL praise Thee, O LORD, 
-*- with my whole heart : * in the 
assembly of the upright, and in the 
congregation. 

The works of the LORD are great, 
* meet to serve for the doing of 
His will. 

His work is honourable and glo 
rious, * and His righteousness en- 
dureth for ever. 

He hath made a memorial of 

His wonderful works : the LORD 

is gracious and full of compassion. 

He hath given meat unto them 

that fear Him : 

He will ever be mindful of His 

1 Ps. c 



covenant. He will show His 

people the power of His works, 

That He may give them the 
heritage of the heathen. * The 
works of His hands are verity and 
judgment : 

All His commandments are sure ; 
they stand fast for ever and ever, * 
being done in truth and uprightness. 

He sent redemption unto His 
people : He hath - commanded His 
covenant for ever : 

Holy and terrible is His Name. 

* The fear of the LORD is the be 
ginning of wisdom : 

A good understanding have all 
they that do His commandments : 

* His praise endureth for ever. 

Antiphon. 1 A11 His command 
ments are sure ; they stand fast for 
ever and ever. 

Third Antiphon. In His com 
mandments. 

Psalm CXI. 

[The Hebrew prefixes "Alleluia." The 
Vulgate adds to the superscription "on the 
return of Haggai and Zechariah [from the 
Captivity]." See Thursday, fifth week in 
November. The Psalm is A B C Darian.] 

OLESSED is the man that fear- 
*-* eth the LORD : * that de- 
lighteth greatly in His command 
ments. 

His seed shall be mighty upon 
earth ; * the generation of the up 
right shall be blessed. 

Glory and riches shall be in his 
house : * and his righteousness en 
dureth for ever. 

Unto the upright there ariseth 
light in the darkness : * he is 
gracious, and full of compassion, 
and righteous. 



THE PSALTER. 



Happy is the man that showeth 
favour and lendeth ; he will guide 
his words with discretion : * surely 
he shall not be moved for ever : 

The righteous shall be in ever 
lasting remembrance. He shall 
not be afraid of evil tidings : 

His heart is ready, trusting in the 
LORD. His heart is established, * 
he shall not be afraid until he see 
his desire upon his enemies. 

He hath dispersed, he hath given 
to the poor : his righteousness en- 
dureth for ever : * his horn shall 
be exalted with honour. 

The wicked shall see it, and be 
grieved ; he shall gnash his teeth, 
and melt away : * the desire of 
the wicked shall perish. 

Antiphon. In His command 
ments he delighteth greatly. 

Fourth Antiphon. Blessed be the 
Name. 

Psalm CXII. 
[The Hebrew prefixes "Alleluia."] 

PRAISE the LORD, O ye His 
servants, * praise the Name 
of the LORD. 

Blessed be the Name of the 
LORD, * from this time forth, and 
for evermore ! 

From the rising of the sun unto 
the going down of the same, * the 
LORD S Name is to be praised. 

The LORD is high above all 
nations, * and His glory above the 
heavens. 

Who is like unto the LORD our 
God, Who dwelleth on high, * 
and beholdeth what is lowly in 
heaven, and in the earth? 

He raiseth up the poor out of 



the dust, * and lifteth the needy 
out of the dung-hill; 

That He may set him with 
princes, * even with the princes 
of His people. 

He maketh the barren woman 
to keep house, * and to be a joy 
ful mother of children. 

[The Hebrew adds " Alleluia," which 
the Vulgate and the LXX. prefix to the 
next Psalm.] 

Antiphon. Blessed be the Name 
of the LORD for evermore. 

Fifth Antiphon. We that live. 

Psalm CXI 1 1. 

WHEN Israel went out of Egypt, 
* the house of Jacob from 
a people of strange language, 

Judah was His sanctuary, * and 
Israel His dominion. 

The sea saw it and fled : * Jor 
dan was driven back. 

The mountains skipped like rams, 

* and the little hills like lambs. 
What ailed thee, O thou sea, 

that thou fleddest? * and thou 
Jordan, that thou wast driven back ? 

Ye mountains, that ye skipped 
like rams? * and ye little hills, 
like lambs? 

The earth trembled at the pres 
ence of the Lord, * at the presence 
of the God of Jacob : 

Who turned the rock into a 
standing water, * and the flint into 
a fountain of waters. 1 

Not unto us, O LORD, not unto us: 

* but unto Thy Name give glory, 
For Thy mercy, and for Thy 

truth s sake. * Wherefore should 
the heathen say : Where is now 
their God? 



1 In the Hebrew here ends Ps. cxiv. and the next words begin cxv. 



VESPERS, OR EVENSONG. 



179 



But our God is in the heavens : 
* He hath done whatsoever He 
hath pleased. 

The idols of the heathen are 
silver and gold, * the work of 
men s hands. 

They have mouths, but they 
speak not : * eyes have they, but 
they see not. 

They have ears, but they hear 
not : * noses have they, but they 
smell not : 

They have hands, but they handle 
not : feet have they, but they walk 
not : * neither speak they through 
their throat. 

May they that make them be 
like unto them : * even every one 
that trusteth in them. 

The house of Israel trusteth 
in the LORD : * He is their help 
and their shield. 

The house of Aaron trusteth in 
the LORD : * He is their help and 
their shield. 

They that fear the LORD trust 
in the LORD : * He is their help 
and their shield. 

The LORD hath been mindful of 
us, * and blessed us : 

He hath blessed the house of Is 
rael : * He hath blessed the house 
of Aaron. 

He hath blessed them that fear 
the LORD, * both small and 
great. 

The LORD increase you more 
and more, * you and your chil 
dren. 

Ye are blessed of the LORD, * 
Who made heaven and earth. 

The heaven of heavens is the 
LORD S : * but the earth hath He 
given to the children of men. 



The dead shall not praise Thee, 
O LORD, * neither all they that go 
down into the grave. 

But we that live bless the LORD, 
* from this time forth for evermore. 

[The Hebrew adds "Alleluia."] 

Antiphon. We that live bless the 
LORD. 

Antiphon for Paschal time. Alle 
luia, Alleluia, Alleluia. 

Here follows the Chapter. When a 
special one ts not given, the following is 
used: 

CHAPTER. (2 Cor. i. 3.) 

OLESSED be God, even the 
-*- Father of our Lord JESUS 
Christ, the Father of mercies, and 
the God of all comfort, Who com- 
forteth us in all our tribulation. 
Answer. Thanks be to God. 

This Answer is always made after 
the Chapter. 

Then follows the Hymn. When a 
special one is not given, the following 
is used: 

HYMN. 1 

FATHER of Lights, by Whom each 
day 

Is kindled out of night, 
Who, when the heavens were made, 

didst lay 

Their rudiments in light ; 
Thou, Who didst bind and blend in one 
The glistening morn and evening pale, 
Hear Thou our plaint, when light is 

gone, 
And lawlessness and strife prevail. 

Hear, lest the whelming weight of crime 

Wreck us with life in view ; 
Lest thoughts and schemes of sense 
and time 

Earn us a sinner s due. 



1 Hymn of the Ambrosian school, very slightly altered ; translation by the late Card. 
Newman. 



i8o 



THE PSALTER. 



So may we knock at Heaven s door, 
And strive the immortal prize to win, 
Continually and evermore 
Guarded without and pure within. 

Grant this, O Father, Only Son, 

And Spirit, God of grace, 
To Whom all worship shall be done 

In every time and place. 

Amen. 

Then is said a Verse and Answer. 
If a special one is not given, the follow 
ing is used : 

Verse. x Let my prayer, O Lord, 
be set forth. 

Answer. As incense before 
Thee. 

Then is said the following Canticle 
from the Gospel. It has an Antiphon 
which is always special, and which is 
either begun or said through the first 
time before it, according as the Office is 
Double or not. 

THE SONG OF THE BLESSED VIRGIN 
MARY. (Luke i. 46.) 

MY soul * doth magnify the 
Lord: 

And my spirit hath rejoiced * in 
God my Saviour. 

For He hath regarded the low 
liness of His handmaiden : * for, be 
hold, from henceforth all generations 
shall call me blessed. 

For He That is Mighty hath done 
to me great things : * and holy is His 
name. 

And His mercy is on them that 
fear Him, * from generation to gen 
eration. 

He hath showed strength with 
His arm : * He hath scattered the 
proud in the imagination of their 
heart. 

He hath put down the mighty 



from their seat, * and exalted them 
of low degree. 

He hath filled the hungry with 
good things, * and the rich He hath 
sent empty away. 

He hath holpen His servant Is 
rael, in remembrance of His 
mercy : 

As He spake to our fathers, * 
to Abraham, and to his seed for 
ever. 

The Hymn, " Glory be to the Father, 
&c.," is said, and then the Antiphon re 
peated. 

Then is said: 

Verse. Hear my prayer, O LORD. 
Answer. And let my cry come 
unto Thee. 

Let us pray. 

Then follows the Prayer for the day, 
at the end of which is answered; 

Answer. Amen. 

Afterwards are made any Commemo 
rations necessary, by the Antiphon for 
the Song of the Blessed Virgin, the Verse 
and Answer after the Hymn, and the 
Prayer, (preceded by " Let us pray,") 
from the superseded Office which is to 
be commemorated. After which the fol 
lowing Common Commemorations are 
made, if required, according to Chapter 
xxxv. of the General Rubrics. 

When more than two Prayers are to 
be said, the last clause of each (beginning 
"Through our Lord, &c.," or "Who 
livest, c.") is omitted in all except the 
first and the last, nor is " Amen " an 
swered except after these two. 

(Note that if these Commemorations, 
with the exception of those of St Joseph, 
and SS. Peter and Paul, be said upon 
a week-day, kept as such, out of Paschal 
time, they are preceded by the Commem 
oration of the Cross, given hereafter at 
the end of the Lauds of Monday.} 



Ps. cxl. 2. 



VESPERS, OR EVENSONG. 



181 



I. Commemoration of the Blessed 
Virgin Mary, 

(This Commemoration is omitted if 
the Office of the day^ be of the Blessed 
Virgin, or if her Little Office is to be 
said.) 

Antiphon. O Holy Mary, be thou 
an help to the helpless, a strength to 
the fearful, a comfort to the sorrow 
ful ; pray for the people, plead for 
the clergy, make intercession for all 
women vowed to God ; may all that 
keep thine holy remembrance, feel 
the might of thine assistance. 

Verse. Pray for us, O holy Mother 
of God. 

Ansiver. That we may be made 
worthy of the promises of Christ. 

Let us pray. 

GRANT, we beseech Thee, O 
Lord God, unto all Thy ser 
vants, that they may continually 
enjoy soundness both of mind and 
body, and by the glorious inter 
cession of the Blessed Mary, always 
a Virgin, may be delivered from 
present sadness, and enter into the 
joy of Thine eternal gladness. 

From the Octave of the Epiphany to 
Candlemas, the Antiphon is the same, 
but the rest is as follows : 

Verse. After thy delivery thou 
still remainest a Virgin undefiled. 

Answer. Mother of God, pray 
for us. 

Let us pray. 

GOD, Who, by the fruitful vir- 
ginity of the Blessed Mary, 
hast given unto mankind the rewards 
of everlasting life ; grant, we beseech 
Thee, that we may continually feel 



the might of her intercession, through 
whom we have worthily received the 
Author of our life, our Lord JESUS 
Christ Thy Son. 

II. Commemoration of St Joseph, 
Patron of the Universal Church. 

(Omitted in the Votive Office of St 
Joseph.) 

Antiphon. * Behold a faithful and 
wise servant whom his Lord hath 
made ruler over His household. 

Verse. 2 Glory and riches shall 
be in his house. 

Answer. And his righteousness 
endureth for ever. 

Let us pray. 

GOD, Who, in Thine unspeak- 
able foreknowledge, didst 
choose Thy blessed servant Joseph 
to be the husband of Thine Own 
most holy Mother; mercifully 
grant that now that he is in heaven 
with Thee, we who on earth do 
reverence him for our defender, 
may worthily be holpen by the 
succour of his prayers to Thee 
on our behalf. 



III. Commemoration of the Holy 
Apostles, Peter and Paul. 

( Omitted in the Votive Office of the 
Apostles.) 

Antiphon. Peter the Apostle, 
and Paul the Teacher of the Gen 
tiles, have taught us Thy law, O 
Lord. 

Verse. 3 Thou shalt make them 
princes over all the earth. 

Answer. They shall be mindful 
of Thy Name, O Lord. 



1 Matth. xxiv. 45, 



2 Ps. cxi. 3. 



3 Ps. xliv. 17, 1 8. 



I 82 THE PSALTER. 

Let us pray. the deep of the sea, when he suf- 

GOD, Whose Right Hand fered shipwreck; graciously hear 

caught the Blessed Peter us > and S rant > for the sake of them 

when he walked upon the water, both > that we also ma ? attain unto 

and began to sink, and thrice de- everlastin g g lor > - 

livered his fellow- Apostle Paul from Note 1 . 

1 In England, by a special rule in this case, is made 

Commemoration of St George, Patron of England. 

Antiphon. The Saints through faith subdued kingdoms, wrought 
righteousness, obtained promises. 

Verse. O LORD, Thou hast compassed him. 
Answer. With Thy favour as with a shield. 

Let us pray. 

OGOD, Who dost gladden us through the worthy deeds and prayers 
of Thy blessed Martyr George ; mercifully grant that all they 
which seek Thy favour through him, may effectually obtain the gift of 
Thy grace. 

(And thus it is said within the Octave.) 

In the Diocese of Hexham St George is not commemorated, but instead the following 
commemoration is made of St Cuthbert : 

Antiphon. Holy Cuthbert, our Protector, grace and glory of our father 
land, look down upon us from Heaven, and pray God for us, that He grant 
us everlasting joy. 

Verse. At the prayers of Blessed Cuthbert and for his sake, 

Answer. Be merciful unto Thy people, O Lord. 

Let us pray. 

GOD, Who, through the priceless gift of Thy grace, dost make 
Thine holy ones glorious, mercifully grant, that the prayers of Thy 
Blessed Confessor and Bishop Cuthbert may help us worthily there to 
attain, where are the spirits of just men made perfect. 

la the Diocese of Northampton the following commemoration of St Thomas of 
Canterbury is made before that of St George : 

Antiphon. I am the Good Shepherd, and know My sheep, and am 
known of Mine, and I lay down My life for the sheep. 
Verse. In your patience 
Answer. Possess ye your souls. 

Let us pray, 

OGOD, in defence of Whose Church the glorious Bishop Thomas 
fell by the swords of wicked men, grant, we beseech Thee, that all 
that ask his help may obtain wholesome fruit of their petition. 



VESPERS, OR EVENSONG. 183 

For Peace. Let us pray. 

Antiphon. Give peace in our f^\ GOD, from Whom all holy 

time, O Lord, because there is ^^ desires, all good counsels, 

none other that fighteth for us, and all just works do proceed; 

but only Thou, O our God. give unto Thy servants that peace 

Verse. Peace be within thy which the world cannot give, that 

alls. both our hearts may be set to 

Answer. And prosperity within obey Thy commandments, and also 

thy palaces. that by Thee we being defended 



In the Diocese of Plymouth the following commemoration of St Boniface of Maintz is 
made before that of St George : 

Antiphon. Many nations, many thousands of men, did Blessed Boniface 
gain for Christ, and forasmuch as he made himself like unto an Apostle 
he hath purchased unto himself a great reward in Heaven along with 
the Apostles. 

Verse. Be strong in the Lord, be strong. 

Answer. That ye may live for ever with God. 

Let us pray. 

GOD, Who wast pleased to make the zeal of Thy Blessed Martyr 
and Bishop Boniface the mean whereby Thou didst cause many 
peoples to know Thy Name, mercifully grant unto us who honour his 
memory to be feelingly holpen by the succour of his protection. 

(And so it is said within the Octave.} 

In the Diocese of Portsmouth the following commemoration of St Edmund of Canter 
bury is made after that of St George : 

Antiphon. He loved righteousness and hated iniquity, and therefore 
he died in exile. 

Verse. Cast out upon a world of woes, 

In exile here we roam. 

Answer. O Blessed Edmund, by thy prayers, 
Gain us the love of home. 

Let us pray. 

GOD, Who in the abundance of Thy goodness toward Thy Church 
hast made her bright by the illustrious life of Thy blessed Confessor 
and Bishop Edmund, and gladdened her by his glorious and wondrous 
works, mercifully grant unto Thy servants that they may be bettered in 
following after his ensample, and shielded by his protection from all 
things that may rise up against them. 



184 



THE PSALTER. 



from the fear of our enemies, may 
pass our time in rest and quiet 
ness. Through our Lord JESUS 
Christ, Thy Son, Who liveth and 
reigneth with Thee, in the unity 
of the Holy Ghost, one God, 
world without end. 
Answer. Amen. 

From the Monday after Low Sunday 
till Rogation Tuesday, instead of the 
preceding Commemorations, is said the 
following: 

Paschal Commemoration of the 
Cross. 

(Omitted in the Votive Offices of 
the Blessed Sacrament, and of the 
Passion.) 

Antiphon. JESUS, our trium 
phant Head, 

On the Cross s transom dread 

The Hands of power and mercy 
spread 

That brake the prison of the 
dead. Alleluia. 

Verse. Say among the heathen 
Alleluia. 

Answer. That the LORD reign 
eth from the tree, 1 Alleluia. 

Let us pray. 

OGOD, Who didst send Thy 
Son to suffer death for us 
upon the Cross, that Thou might- 
est deliver us from the power of 
the enemy ; grant unto us Thy 
servants to be made partakers of 
His Resurrection. Through the 
Same our Lord JESUS Christ Thy 
Son, Who liveth and reigneth with 
Thee in the unity of the Holy 
Ghost, one God, world without end. 
Answer. Amen. 



After the last Prayer is said: 

Verse. Hear my prayer, O LORD. 
Answer, And let my cry come 
unto Thee. 

Verse. Bless we the Lord. 
Answer, Thanks be to God. 

Then is said in rather a low voice : 

May the souls of the Faithful, 

through the mercy of God, rest in 
peace. 

Answer. Amen. 



^ unless Compline follow, the 
Lords Prayer inaudibly : 

OUR Father, Who art in heaven, 
Hallowed be Thy Name. 
Thy kingdom come. Thy will be 
done on earth, as it is in heaven. 
Give us this day our daily bread. 
And forgive us our trespasses, as we 
forgive them that trespass against us. 
And lead us not into temptation ; 
but deliver us from evil. Amen. 

Note. When Office is said in Choir, 
the service is ended with the Antiphon 
of the Blessed Virgin Mary every time 
the Choir is left. Otherwise it is only 
said as given in this book, after Lauds, 
(or the aggregation of which Lauds 
forms a part} and Compline. When 
ever it is said, except after Compline, it 
is preceded by: 

Verse. *J The Lord give us His 
peace. 

Answer. And life everlasting. 
Amen. 

Ij the Office of the Dead follow im 
mediately, the above prayer for the 
Faithful departed, and the " Our Fa 
ther," are omitted. 



Feasts. The above Office, appointed 
for Sunday, is also, speaking in a gen 
eral sense, used on all Feasts above the 
rank of. Simples. 

1 Ps. xcv. 10, old version. 



VESPERS, OR EVENSONG. 



I8 5 



JHontrag. 

THE SECOND DAY OF THE WEEK. 

All as on Sunday, except as otherwise 
given here. 

The Psalms are as follows ; 

Antiphon. The Lord hath in 
clined. 

In Paschal time only one Antiphon 
is said, Alleluia. 

Psalm CXIV. 

[The Vulgate and the LXX. prefix "Al 
leluia."] 

AM well pleased, because the 
-*- LORD hath heard * the voice 
of my supplication : 

Because He hath inclined His ear 
unto me, * therefore will I call upon 
Him all my days. 

The sorrows of death compassed 
me : * and the straits of hell found 
me : 

Sorrow and trouble did I find. 
* Then called I upon the name of 
the LORD : 

LORD, deliver my soul. * Gra 
cious is the LORD, and righteous : 
yea, our God is merciful. 

The LORD preserveth the simple : 

* I was brought low and He helped 
me. 

Return unto thy rest, O my soul : 

* for the LORD hath dealt bountifully 
with thee. 

For He hath delivered my soul 
from death, * mine eyes from tears, 
and my feet from falling. 

1 will walk before the LORD * in 
the land of the living. 

Antiphon. iThe Lord hath in 
clined His ear unto me. 



Second Antiphon. I believed. 

If this Antiphon be used the Psalm 
begins with the words, " Therefore have 
I spoken." 

Psalm CXV. 

[In the Hebrew this Psalm is a continua 
tion of the last. The Vulgate and the LXX. 
prefix "Alleluia."] 

T BELIEVED, therefore have I 
1 spoken : * but I was greatly 
afflicted. 

I said in my haste : * All men 
are liars. 

What shall I render unto the 
LORD * for all His benefits toward 
me? 

I will take the cup of salvation, 

* and call upon the name of the 
LORD. 

I will pay my vows unto the LORD 
in the presence of all His people. 

* Precious in the sight of the LORD 
is the death of His Saints. 

LORD, truly I am Thy servant : 

* I am Thy servant, and the son of 
Thine handmaid : 

Thou hast loosed my bonds. * I 
will offer to Thee the sacrifice of 
thanksgiving, and will call upon the 
name of the LORD. 

1 will pay my vows unto the LORD, 
in the presence of all His people : * 
in the courts of the LORD S house, in 
the midst of thee, O Jerusalem ! 

[Here the Hebrew appends "Alle 
luia," which the Vulgate and the LXX. 
prefix to the next Psalm.] 

Antiphon. I believed, therefore 
have I spoken. 

Third Antiphon. O praise. 

If this Antiphon be used the Psalm 
begins with the words, " The LORD." 



1 Ps. cxiv. 2. 



1 86 



THE PSALTER. 



Psalm CXVI. 

O PRAISE the LORD, all ye 
nations : * praise Him, all 
ye people. 

For His merciful kindness is great 
toward us : * and the truth of the 
LORD endureth for ever. 

[Here the Hebrew appends " Alle 
luia," which the Vulgate and the LXX. 
prefix to the next Psalm.] 

Antiphon. O praise the LORD, 
all ye nations. 

Fourth Antiphon, I cried. 

Psalm CXIX. 

[This is the first of the "Songs of De 
grees," or "Gradual Psalms." See note 
to Ps. cxxix., p. 91.] 

TN my distress I cried unto the 
^ LORD, * and He heard me. 

Deliver my soul, O LORD, from 
lying lips, * and from a deceitful 
tongue. 

What shall be given unto thee, or 
what shall be done unto thee, * thou 
false tongue? 

Sharp arrows of the mighty, * with 
hot burning coals. 

Woe is me ! that my sojourn is 
long : I dwell with the dwellers of 
Kedar. 1 * My soul hath long dwelt 
as an exile 

With them that hate peace. I 
was peaceable : * when I spoke 
unto them, they fought against me 
without a cause. 

Antiphon. 2 I cried, and He heard 
me. 

Fifth Antiphon. From whence 
cometh. 



Psalm CXX. 
[Also a Song of Degrees.] 

I WILL lift up mine eyes unto the 
hills, * from whence cometh 
mine help. 

Mine help cometh from the LORD, 
* Who made heaven and earth. 

He will not suffer thy feet to be 
moved : * He That keepeth thee 
will not slumber. 

Behold, He That keepeth Israel 
shall neither slumber nor sleep. 

The LORD is thy keeper : the 
LORD is thy shade * upon thy right 
hand. 

The sun shall not smite thee by 
day, * nor the moon by night. 

The LORD shall keep thee from 
all evil : * the Lord shall keep thy 
soul. 

The LORD shall keep thy coming 
in and thy going out, * from this 
time forth and for evermore. 

Antiphon. 3 From whence cometh 
mine help. 

Antiphon in Paschal time. Alle 
luia, Alleluia, Alleluia. 

HYMN. 4 

LORD of unbounded space, 
Who, lest the sky and main 
Should mix, and heaven should lose its 

place, 
Didst the rude waters chain ; 

Parting the moist and rare, 
That rills on earth might flow 

To soothe the angry flame, whene er 
It ravens from below ; 

Pour on us of Thy grace 

The everlasting spring, 
Lest our frail steps renew the trace 

Of the ancient wandering. 



1 Properly "Black-skin." This was the name of a son of Ishmael, and of an Arabian 
tribe sprung from him. 2 Ps. cxix. I. 3 Ps. cxx. I. 

4 Hymn of the Ambrosian school, almost unchanged ; translation by the late Card. 
Newman. 



VESPERS, OR EVENSONG. 



I8 7 



May faith in lustre grow, 
And rear her star in heaven, 

Paling all sparks of earth below 
Unquenched by damps of even. 

Grant it, O Father, Son, 

And Holy Spirit of grace, 
To Whom be glory, Three in One, 

In every time and place. 

Amen. 

Antiphonfor the Song of the Blessed 
Virgin. My soul doth magnify the 
Lord, * for God hath regarded my 
lowliness. 

After the repetition of the Antiphon 
after the So?ig of the Blessed Virgin, on 
the Week-days of Advent and Lent, the 
Ember Days, and all Vigils which are 
Fasts, except Christmas Eve and the 
Eve and Ember Days of Pentecost, all 
kneel down, and the following prayers, 
called the Preces, are said: 

Kyrie eleison. 

Answer. Christe eleison. 

Kyrie eleison. 

Then the Lord s Prayer is said aloud. 

Father, Who art in heaven, 
Hallowed be Thy Name. Thy 
kingdom come. Thy will be done 
on earth, as it is in heaven. Give 
us this day our daily bread. And 
forgive us our trespasses, as we 
forgive them that trespass against 
us. And lead us not into tempta 
tion. 

Answer. But deliver us from 
evil. 

Verse. I said : LORD, be merci 
ful unto me. 

Answer. Heal my soul, for I 
have sinned against Thee. 

Verse. Return, O LORD, how 
long? 

Answer. And let it repent Thee 
concerning Thy servants. 



Verse. Let Thy mercy, O LORD, 
be upon us. 

Answer. According as we hope 
in Thee. 

Verse. Let Thy priests be clothed 
with righteousness. 

Answer. And let Thy Saints 
shout for joy. 

Verse. O LORD, save the King. 
Answer. And hear us in the day 
when we call upon Thee. 

Verse. O Lord, save Thy people, 
and bless Thine inheritance. 

Ansiver. And govern them, and 
lift them up for ever. 

Verse. Remember Thy congre 
gation. 

Answer. Which Thou hast pur 
chased of old. 

Verse. Peace be within thy 
walls. 

Answer. And prosperity within 
thy palaces. 

Verse. Let us pray for the Faith 
ful departed. 

Answer. O Lord, grant them 
eternal rest, and let the everlasting 
light shine upon them. 

Verse. May they rest in peace. 
Answer. Amen. 
Verse. Let us pray for our absent 
brethren. 

Answer. O Thou, my God, save 
Thy servants that trust in Thee. 

Verse. Let us pray for the sorrow 
ful and the captive. 

Answer. Redeem them, O God 
of Israel, out of all their troubles. 
Verse. O Lord, send them help 
from the sanctuary. 

Answer. And strengthen them 
out of Zion. 

Verse. Hear my prayer, O 
LORD. 

Answer. And let my cry come 
unto Thee. 



i88 



THE PSALTER. 



Psalm L. 

Have mercy upon me, O God, 
&c, (/. 87). 

Glory be to the Father, and to the 
Son, and to the Holy Ghost. 

As it was in the beginning, is now, 
and ever shall be, world without end. 
Amen. 

Verse. Turn us again, O LORD 
God of Hosts. 

Answer. And cause Thy face to 
shine, and we shall be saved. 

Verse. Arise, O Christ, and help 
us. 

Answer. And deliver us for Thy 
Name s sake. 

Verse. Hear my prayer, O LORD. 

Answer. And let my cry come 
unto Thee. 

Let us pray. 
Here follows the Prayer of the Day. 

All proceeds to the end of the service as 
on Sunday, except that when Suffrages 
are said, the following is said before the 
Commemoration of the Blessed Virgin 
Mary. 

Commemoration of the Cross. 

(Omitted in the Offices of the Blessed 
Sacrament, and of the Passion.} 

Antiphon. Through Thy Cross s 
holy sign, JESUS, guard this soul of 
mine, from my ghostly enemy. 

Verse. Let all the earth worship 
Thee, and sing unto Thee. 

Answer. Let them sing praises to 
Thy name, O Lord. 

Let us pray. 



LORD, we beseech Thee, keep 
us in continual peace, whom 



Thou hast vouchsafed to redeem by 
the tree of the Holy Cross. 

Simple Feasts. If the Vespers of a 
Simple Feast be kept on a Monday, the 
Office is of the Feast, from the Chapter 
inclusive. 



THE THIRD DAY OF THE WEEK. 

All as on Sunday, except as otherwise 
given here. 

The Psalms are as follows : 
Antiphon. Let us go. 

In Paschal time only one Antiphon is 
said, Alleluia. 

Psalm CXXI. 
[Intituled "A Song of Degrees, of David."] 

T WAS glad when they said unto 
* me : * Let us go into the house 
of the LORD. 

Our feet have been wont to stand 

* within thy gates, O Jerusalem ! 
Jerusalem is builded as a city * 

that is compact together : 

Whither the tribes go up, the 
tribes of the LORD, * the testimony 
of Israel, to give thanks unto the 
name of the LORD. 

For there are set thrones for judg 
ment, * the thrones for the house of 
David. 

Pray for the peace of Jerusalem : 

* they shall prosper that love thee. 
Peace be within thy walls, * and 

prosperity within thy palaces. 

For my brethren and companions 
sakes, * I will now say Peace be 
within thee ! 

Because of the house of the LORD 
our God, * I will seek thy good. 



VESPERS, OR EVENSONG. 



189 



Antiphon. Let us go with glad 
ness into the house of the LORD. 

Second Antiphon. O Thou That 
dwellest. 

Psalm CXXII. 
[Intituled "A Song of Degrees."] 

UNTO Thee lift I up mine eyes, 
* O Thou That dwellest in 
the heavens ! 

Behold, as the eyes of servants * 
look unto the hand of their masters, 

As the eyes of a maiden unto 
the hand of her mistress : * so 
our eyes look unto the LORD our 
God, until that He have mercy 
on us. 

Have mercy upon us, O LORD, 
have mercy upon us : * for we are 
exceedingly filled with contempt. 

Our soul is exceedingly filled 

* with the scorning of those that 
are at ease, and with the con 
tempt of the proud. 

Antiphon. O Thou That dwell 
est in the heavens, have mercy 
upon us. 

Third Antiphon. Our help. 

Psalm CXXIII. 

[Intituled "A Song of Degrees," to which 
the Hebrew and the Targum add "of 
David," but this ascription of authorship 
does not occur in the Vulgate or the LXX.] 

TF it had not been the LORD 
-* Who was on our side now 
may Israel say * if it had not 
been the LORD Who was on our 
side, 

When men rose up against us : 

* then they had swallowed us up 
quick, 

When their wrath was kindled 



against us : * then the waters had 
overwhelmed us, 

The stream had gone over our 
soul : * then the overwhelming 
waters had gone over our soul. 

Blessed be the LORD, * Who hath 
not given us as a prey to their teeth. 

Our soul is escaped as a bird * 
out of the snare of the fowlers : 

The snare is broken, * and we 
are escaped. 

Our help is in the name of the 
LORD, * Who made heaven and 
earth. 

Antiphon. 1 Our help is in the 
name of the LORD. 

Fourth Antiphon. Do good, O 
LORD. 

Psalm CXXIV. 
[Intituled "A Song of Degrees."] 



that trust in the LORD 
shall be as Mount Zion : * 
he that dwelleth in Jerusalem 
shall never be moved. 

The mountains are round about 
Jerusalem : * and the LORD is 
round about His people, from 
henceforth, and for ever. 

For the Lord will not suffer 
the rod of the wicked to rest upon 
the lot of the righteous : * lest 
the righteous put forth their hands 
unto iniquity. 

Do good, O LORD, to the good, 
* and to them that are upright in 
their hearts. 

As for such as turn aside unto 
their crooked ways, the LORD 
shall lead them forth with the 
workers of iniquity : * peace be 
upon Israel ! 

Antiphon. Do good, O LORD, 



190 



THE PSALTER. 



to the good, and to them that are 
upright in their hearts. 

Fifth Antiphon. We were like. 

Psalm CXXV. 
[Intituled "A Song of Degrees."] 

1 \ 7"HEN the LORD turned again 
* * the captivity of Zion, * we 
were like them that come again 
from sickness. 

Then was our mouth filled with 
laughter, * and our tongue with 
singing. 

Then said they among the hea 
then : * The LORD hath done great 
things for them. 

The LORD hath done great things 
for us : * whereof we are glad. 

Turn again our captivity, O 
LORD, * as the streams in the 
south. 

They that sow in tears * shall 
reap in joy. 

They go forth weeping, * sow 
ing their seed ; 

They shall doubtless come again 
with rejoicing, * bringing their 
sheaves with them. 

Antiphon. We were like them 
that come again from sickness. 

Antiphon in Paschal time. Al 
leluia, Alleluia, Alleluia. 

HYMN. 1 

ALL-BOUNTIFUL Creator, Who, 
When Thou didst mould the 
world, didst drain 
The waters from the mass, that so 
Earth might immovable remain ; 

That its dull clods it might transmute 
To golden flowers in vale or wood, 
To juice of thirst-allaying fruit, 
And grateful herbage spread for food ; 



Wash Thou our smarting wounds and 

hot, 

In the cool freshness of Thy grace ; 
Till tears start forth the past to blot, 
And cleanse and calm Thy holy place, 

Till we obey Thy full behest, 

Shun the world s tainted touch and 

breath, 

Joy in what highest is and best, 
And gain a spell to baffle death. 

Grant it, O Father, Only Son, 
And Holy Spirit, God of grace, 
To Whom all glory, Three in One, 
Be given in every time and place. 

Amen. 

Antiphon for the Song of the 
Blessed Virgin. Let my spirit re 
joice * in God my Saviour. 

Commemoration of the Cross before 
the other general Commemorations, and 
Long Preces at certain times as on 
Monday. 

Simple Feasts. If the Vespers of a 
Simple Feast be kept on a Tuesday, the 
Office is of the Feast from the Chapter 
inclusive. 



THE FOURTH DAY OF THE WEEK. 

All as on Sunday, except as otherwise 
given here. 

The Psalms are as follows : 
Antiphon. He shall not be 
ashamed. 

In Paschal time only one Antiphon 
is said, Alleluia. 

Psalm CXXV1. 

[Intituled "A Song of Degrees, of Solo 
mon." The LXX. omits the ascription to 
Solomon.] 

I7XCEPT the LORD build the 
*-* house, * they labour in vain 
that build it : 



1 Hymn of the Ambrosian school, hardly altered ; translation by the late Card. Newman. 



VESPERS, OR EVENSONG. 



Except the LORD keep the city, 

* the watchman waketh but in 
vain. 

It is vain for you to rise up 
early, * rise up when ye are 
rested, ye that eat the bread of 
sorrow : 

For He giveth His beloved sleep. 
Lo, children are an heritage of the 
LORD, * the fruit of the womb is His 
reward. 

As arrows are in the hand of a 
mighty man, * so are the children 
of the out-cast. 

Happy is the man that hath his 
desire satisfied with them : * he shall 
not be ashamed when he speaketh 
with his enemies in the gate. 

Antiphon. He shall not be a- 
shamed when he speaketh with his 
enemies in the gate. 

Second Antiphon, Blessed. 

If this Antiphon be used the Psalm 
commences with the words , " Is every 
one." 

Psalm CXXVII. 
[Intituled "A Song of Degrees."] 

BLESSED is every one that feareth 
the LORD, * that walketh in 
His ways. 

For thou shalt eat the labour of 
thine hands : * happy shalt thou be 
and it shall be well with thee. 

Thy wife shall be as a fruitful vine 

* on the sides of thine house : 

Thy children like olive plants * 
round about thy table. 

Behold, that thus shall the man 
be blessed * that feareth the 
LORD. 

The LORD bless thee out of 



Zion : * and mayest thou see the 
good of Jerusalem all the days of 
thy life. 

Yea, mayest thou see thy chil 
dren s children, * and peace upon 
Israel. 

Antiphon. Blessed is every one 
that feareth the LORD. 

Third Antiphon. Many a time. 

If this Antiphon be used, the Psalm 
begins with the words, " Have they 
afflicted me." 

Psalm CXXVII I. 

[Intituled "A Song of Degrees."] 

l\/r ANY a time have they warred 
*** against me from my youth 
* may Israel now say : 

Many a time have they warred 
against me from my youth : * yet 
they have not prevailed against 
me. 

1 The ploughers ploughed upon 
my back : * they made long their 
furrows. 

The LORD is righteous, He hath 
broken the necks of the wicked. * 
Let them all be confounded and 
turned back that hate Zion. 

Let them be as the grass upon 
the house - tops, * which withereth 
before it is plucked up : 

Wherewith the mower filleth not 
his hand, * nor he that bindeth 
sheaves his bosom. 

Neither do they that go by say : 
The blessing of the LORD be upon 
you ! * we bless you in the name of 
the LORD ! 

Antiphon. Many a time have they 
afflicted me from my youth up. 



1 I.e., "They furrowed my back with stripes as the ground is furrowed with the 
plough. " Gesenius. 



THE PSALTER. 



Fourth Antiphon. 
depths. 



Out of the 



If this Antiphon be used, the Psalm 
begins with the words, " Have I cried 
unto Thee." 



Psalm CXXIX. 

OUT of the depths have I cried 
unto Thee, O LORD ! * Lord, 
hear my voice. 

Let Thine ears be attentive * to 
the voice of my supplication. 

If Thou, LORD, shouldest mark 
iniquities, * O Lord, who shall 
stand ? 

But there is forgiveness with Thee : 

* because of Thy law, I wait for 
Thee, O LORD! 

My soul doth wait on His word : 

* my soul hopeth in the Lord. 
From the morning watch even 

until night * let Israel hope in the 
LORD : 

For with the LORD there is mercy, 

* and with Him is plenteous redemp 
tion. 

And He shall redeem Israel, * 
from all his iniquities. 

Antiphon. Out of the depths have 
I cried unto Thee, O LORD. 

Fifth Antiphon. Let Israel hope. 

Psalm CXXX. 

[Intituled "A Song of Degrees," to which 
the Hebrew and the Vulgate, but not the 
Targum or the LXX., add "of David."] 

LORD, mine heart is not haughty, 
* nor mine eyes lofty : 
Neither do I exercise myself in 
great matters, * or in wonderful 
things that are above me. 



If I have not thought lowly of 
myself * (but lifted up my soul) 

Even as a child that is weaned 
from his mother : * so be my soul 
rewarded. 

Let Israel hope in the LORD, * 
from henceforth and for ever. 

Antiphon. Let Israel hope in the 
LORD. 

Antiphon in Paschal time. Alle 
luia, Alleluia, Alleluia. 

HYMN. 1 

OLORD, Who throned in the holy 
height, 

Through plains of ether didst diffuse 
The dazzling beams of light, 
In soft transparent hues ; 

Who didst, on the fourth day, in 

heaven, 
Light the fierce cresset of the sun, 

And the meek moon at even, 

And stars that wildly run ; 

That they might mark and arbitrate 
Twixt alternating night and day, 

And tend the train sedate 

Of months upon their way ; 

Clear, Lord, the brooding night within, 
And clean these hearts for Thy abode, 

Unlock the spell of sin, 

Crumble its giant load. 

Grant it, O Father, Only Son, 
And Holy Spirit, God of grace, 

To Whom all praise be done 

In every time and place. 

Amen. 

Antiphon at the Song of the 
Blessed Virgin. The Lord hath 
regarded * my lowliness, and He 
That is mighty hath done in me 
great things. 

Commemoration of the Cross before 
the other general Commemorations, and 



1 Hymn of the Ambrosian school, somewhat altered ; translation by the late Card. 
Newman. 



VESPERS, OR EVENSONG. 



193 



Long Preces in Advent and Lent, and 
on Fast- days, as on Monday. 

Simple Feasts. If the Vespers of a 
Simple Feast be kept on a Wednesday, 
the Office is of the Feast from the Chap 
ter inclusive. 



THE FIFTH DAY OF THE WEEK. 

All as on Sunday, except as otherwise 
given here. 

, The Psalms are as follows : 
Antiphon. And all. 

In Paschal time only one Antiphon 
is said, Alleluia. 

Psalm CXXXI. 

[Intituled "A Song of Degrees." It 
reads like a Processional for some transla 
tion of the Sacred Ark, perhaps that de 
scribed in 3 (i) Kings vii. (Saturday before 
8th Sunday after Pentecost.)] 

ORD, remember David, * and 
"* all his meekness : 

How he sware unto the LORD : * 
he vowed a vow unto the God of 
Jacob ; 

Surely I will not come into the 
tabernacle of mine house, * nor go 
up into my bed ; 

I will not give sleep to mine eyes, 

* or slumber to mine eyelids ; 

I will not give the temples of 
mine head any rest, until I find out 
a place for the LORD, * an habita 
tion for the God of Jacob. 

1 Lo, we heard of it at Ephratah : 

* we found it in the fields of " the 
Wood." 



We will go into His tabernacle : 

* we will worship in His footprints. 
Arise, O LORD, into Thy rest, 

Thou and the ark of Thine 
holiness. 

Let Thy priests be clothed with 
righteousness, * and let Thy Saints 
shout for joy. 

For Thy servant David s sake, 

* turn not away the face of Thine 
Anointed. 

The LORD hath sworn in truth 
unto David, and He will not turn 
from it : * Of the fruit of thy body 
will I set upon thy throne. 

If thy children will keep My 
covenant, * and My testimony 
that I shall teach them, 

Then their children for ever * 
shall sit upon thy throne. 

For the LORD hath chosen Zion : 
* He hath chosen it for His habita 
tion. 

This is My rest for ever : * here 
will I dwell, for I have chosen it. 

I will abundantly bless her 
widows : n I will satisfy her poor 
with bread. 

I will clothe her Priests with 
salvation : * and her Saints shall 
shout aloud for joy. 

There will I make the horn of 
David to bud : * I have ordained 
a lamp for Mine Anointed. 

His enemies will I clothe with 
shame : * but upon him shall My 
sanctification flourish. 

Antiphon. And all his meekness. 
Second Antiphon. Behold. 

If this Antiphon be used, the Psalm 
begins with the words, " How good and 
how pleasant." 



1 This verse relates to the fetching of the ark from Kirjath-jearim, (literally "The 
town-of- the- woods,") which stood at the borders of the territory of Ephraim, here called 
Ephratah. See 2 Kings (Sam.) vi. (Thursday, 5th week after Pentecost.) 

VOL. III. O 



194 



THE PSALTER. 



Psalm CXXXII. 

[Intituled " A Song of Degrees," to which 
the Hebrew and the Vulgate, but not the 
Targum or the LXX., add "of David."] 

BEHOLD, how good and how 
pleasant it is * for brethren 
to dwell together in unity. 

1 It is like the precious oint 
ment upon the head, * that ran 
down upon the beard, even Aaron s 
beard, 

That went down to the skirts 
of his garments. * As the dew of 
Hermon, that descendeth upon 
the mountains of Zion ; 2 

For there the LORD commanded 
the blessing, * even life for evermore. 

Antiphon. Behold, how good 
and how pleasant it is for brethren 
to dwell together in unity. 

Third Antiphon. Whatsoever. 

Psalm CXXXIV. 

[To this Psalm is prefixed "Alleluia."] 

PRAISE ye the Name of the 
LORD, * praise Him, O ye 
servants of the LORD ! 

Ye that stand in the house of 
the LORD, * in the courts of the 
house of our God : 

Praise the LORD, for the LORD 
is good : * sing praises unto His 
Name, for it is pleasant. 

For the LORD hath chosen Jacob 
unto Himself, and Israel for 

His peculiar treasure. 

For I know that the LORD is 
great, * and that our Lord is above 
all gods. 



Whatsoever the LORD pleased, 
that did He in heaven and in 
earth, * in the seas, and all deep 
places : 

Causing the vapours to ascend 
from the ends of the earth : * 
He maketh lightnings for the rain ; 

He bringeth the wind out of 
His treasures. * He smote the 
first-born of Egypt, from man even 
unto beast. 

He sent tokens and wonders 
into the midst of thee, O Egypt, 
* upon Pharaoh and upon all his 
servants. 

He smote great nations, * and 
slew mighty kings. 

3 Sihon, king of the Amorites, 
and Og, king of Bashan, * and 
all the kingdoms of Canaan. 

And gave their land for an 
heritage, * an heritage unto Israel 
His people. 

Thy Name, O LORD, endureth for 
ever ! * Thy memorial, O LORD, 
throughout all generations ! 

For the LORD will judge His 
people, * and will repent Himself 
concerning His servants. 

The idols of the heathen are 
silver and gold, * the work of 
men s hands. 

A mouth have they, but they 
speak not : * eyes have they, but 
they see not. 

Ears have they, but they hear 
not : * neither is there any breath 
in their mouths. 

Let them that make them be 
made like unto them, * and every 
one that trusteth in them. 



1 The reference is to the unction of Aaron with holy chrism at his consecration, 
described in Lev. viii. 12. 

2 Probably not the mountain at Jerusalem, but one of the chain of Hermon, which is 
once mentioned elsewhere. Deut. iv. 48. 

3 Sihon, a king of the Amorites, reigning in Heshbon ; Og, a giant, king of Bashan. 
They were both defeated and slain by the Israelites. Num. xxi. 



VESPERS, OR EVENSONG. 



195 



Bless the LORD, O house of 
Israel ! * bless the LORD, O house 
of Aaron ! 

Bless the LORD, O house of 
Levi ! * ye that fear the LORD, 
bless the LORD ! 

Blessed be the LORD out of 
Zion, * Which dwelleth at Jeru 
salem ! 

[The Hebrew adds "Alleluia/" which 
the Vulgate places at the beginning of 
the next Psalm.] 

Antiphon. Whatsoever the LORD 
pleased, that did He. 

Fourth Antiphon. For His 
mercy. 

Psalm CXXXV. 

[It is not improbable that this Psalm was 
sung at the Dedication of the Temple, for, 
in 2 Par. (Chron.) vii. 3, it is said that when 
the congregation on that occasion saw the 
fire miraculously descending upon the sac 
rifice, "they bowed themselves with their 
faces to the ground upon the pavement, and 
worshipped, and praised the LORD, for He 
is good, for His mercy endureth for ever. " 
It looks very like a continuation of the song 
given by David to certain singers, I Par. 
(Chron.) xvi. 7, especially as it is afterwards 
said that some of them were chosen "to give 
thanks to the LORD, because His mercy 
endureth for ever." Some consider that 
the latter verses refer to the return from the 
captivity, but these may be an addition.] 

OGIVE thanks unto the LORD, 
for He is good ! * for His 
mercy endureth for ever. 

O give thanks unto the God of 
gods ! * for His mercy endureth 
for ever. 

O give thanks to the Lord of 
lords ! * for His mercy endureth 
for ever. 

To Him Who Alone doeth great 
wonders * for His mercy endureth 
for ever. 

To Him That by wisdom made the 

VOL. III. 



heavens * for His mercy endureth 
for ever. 

To Him That spread out the 
earth above the waters * for His 
mercy endureth for ever. 

To Him That made great lights 

* for His mercy endureth for 
ever. 

The sun to rule by day * for 
His mercy endureth for ever. 

The moon and stars to rule by 
night * for His mercy endureth for 
ever. 

To Him That smote Egypt in their 
first-born * for His mercy endureth 
for ever. 

To Him That brought out Israel 
from among them * for His mercy 
endureth for ever. 

With a strong hand and with a 
stretched out arm * for His mercy 
endureth for ever. 

To Him That divided the Red 
Sea into parts * for His mercy 
endureth for ever. 

And made Israel to pass through 
the midst of it * for His mercy 
endureth for ever. 

But overthrew Pharaoh and his 
host in the Red Sea * for His 
mercy endureth for ever. 

To Him That led His people 
through the wilderness * for His 
mercy endureth for ever. 

To Him That smote great kings 

* for His mercy endureth for 
ever. 

And slew mighty kings * for His 
mercy endureth for ever. 

Sihon, king of the Amorites 

* for His mercy endureth for 
ever. 

And Og, the king of Bashan 

* for His mercy endureth for 
ever. 

And gave their land for an heri- 
G 2 



THE PSALTER. 



tage * for His mercy endureth for 
ever. 

Even an heritage unto Israel His 
servant * for His mercy endureth 
for ever. 

Who remembered us in our low 
estate * for His mercy endureth 
for ever. 

And hath redeemed us from our 
enemies * for His mercy endureth 
for ever. 

Who giveth food to all flesh 
* for His mercy endureth for ever. 

O give thanks unto the God of 
heaven ! * for His mercy endureth 
for ever. 

O give thanks unto the Lord of 
lords ! * for His mercy endureth for 
ever. 



If I forget thee, O Jerusalem, * let 
my right hand forget her cunning 

Let my tongue cleave to the roof 
of my mouth, * if I do not remember 
thee, 

If I prefer not Jerusalem * above 
my chief joy. 

Remember, O LORD, the chil 
dren of Edom, * in the day of 
Jerusalem : 

Who said : Rase it, rase it * even 
to the foundation thereof. 

O daughter of Babylon, doomed 
to destruction, * happy shall he be 
that rewardeth thee, as thou hast 
served us ! 

Happy shall he be that taketh, * 
and dasheth thy little ones against 
the rock. 



Antiphon. For His mercy en 
dureth for ever. 

Fifth Antiphon. Sing us one of 
the songs. 



Antiphon. Sing us one of the 
songs of Zion. 

Antiphon in Paschal time. Alle 
luia, Alleluia, Alleluia. 



Psalm CXXXVI. 

[The Vulgate and the LXX. connect this 
Psalm with the name of Jeremiah. They 
also style it a Psalm of David, the apparent 
meaning of which would seem to be that it 
was composed in imitation of his poems.] 

T) Y the rivers of Babylon, there we 
U sat down, yea, we wept, * when 
we remembered Zion. 

We hung our harps upon the 
willows * in the midst thereof. 

For there they that carried us 
away captive required of us " a 
song; 

And they that had taken us 
said : * Sing us one of the songs 
of Zion. 

How shall we sing the LORD S 
song * in a strange land? 



HYMN. 1 

OGOD, Who hast given 
The sea and the sky, 
To fish and to bird 
For a dwelling to keep, 
Both sons of the waters 
One low and one high, 
Ambitious of heaven, 
Or sunk in the deep ; 

Save, Lord, Thy servants, 
Whom Thou hast new made 
In a laver of blood 
Lest they trespass and die ; 
Lest pride should elate, 
Or sin should degrade, 
And they stumble on earth 
Or be dizzied on high. 

To the Father, and Son, 
And the Spirit be done, 
Now and always, 
Glorv and Praise. Amen. 



1 Hymn of the Ambrosian school, slightly altered ; translation by the late Card! 
Newman. 



VESPERS, OR EVENSONG. 



197 



Antipkon at the Song of the Blessed 
Virgin. O God, * show strength with 
Thine arm : put down the mighty, 
and exalt them of low degree. 

Commemoration of the Cross before 
the other general Commemorations and 
Long Preces in Advent and Lent, and 
on Fast- days, as on Monday. 



JFrtliag, 

THE SIXTH DAY OF THE WEEK. 

All as on Sunday, except as otherwise 
given here. 

The Psalms are as follows : 
Antiphon. Behold the Angels. 

In Paschal time only one Antiphon is 
said, Alleluia. 

Psalm CXXXVII. 

[Intituled "Of David," to which the 
LXX. adds "of Haggai and Zechariah," 
the meaning apparently being that it was 
his composition, but that they made some 
special regulation as to its use.] 

T WILL praise Thee, O Lord, with 
-* my whole heart : * because 
Thou hast heard the words of my 
mouth. 

Before the Angels will I sing 
praise unto Thee. * I will worship 
toward Thine holy temple, and 
praise Thy Name. 

For Thy loving-kindness, and for 
Thy truth : * for Thou hast mag 
nified Thine holy Name above 
every name. 

In whatsoever day I call upon 
Thee, answer me : * Thou wilt 
strengthen my soul exceedingly. 

Let all the kings of the earth 



praise Thee, O LORD, * for they 
have heard all the words of Thy 
mouth. 

Yea, let them sing of the ways of 
the LORD : * that great is the glory 
of the LORD. 

For the LORD is high, yet hath 
He respect unto the lowly : * but 
the proud He knoweth from afar. 

Though I walk in the midst of 
trouble Thou wilt revive me : * 
Thou shalt stretch forth Thine hand 
against the wrath of mine enemies, 
and Thy right hand shall save me. 

The LORD will give recompense 
on my behalf: * Thy mercy, O 
LORD, endureth for ever : forsake 
not the works of Thine own hands. 

Antiphon. Before the Angels 
will I sing praise unto Thee, O 
my God. 

Second Antiphon. O LORD. 

If this Antiphon be used the Psalm 
commences with the words, " Thou hast 
searched me." 

Psalm CXXXVII I. 

[Intituled "A Psalm of David," with a 
musical (?) direction, the meaning of which 
is not now certain.] 

C\ LORD, Thou hast searched 
^-^ me, and known me : * Thou 
knowest my down-sitting and mine 
up-rising : 

Thou understandest my thoughts 
afar off. * Thou searchest my path, 
and my line, 

And art acquainted with all my 
ways : * before there is a word on 
my tongue. 

Lo, O LORD, Thou knowest all 
things both new and old : * Thou 
hast made me, and laid Thine hand 
upon me. 



198 



THE PSALTER. 



Such knowledge is too wonderful 
for me : * it is high, and I cannot 
attain unto it. 

Whither shall I go from Thy 
Spirit? * or whither shall I flee 
from Thy presence? 

If I ascend up into heaven, Thou 
are there : * if I go down into hell, 
Thou art there. 

If I take the wings of the morn 
ing, * and dwell in the uttermost 
parts of the sea; 

Even there shall Thine hand lead 
me, * and Thy right hand shall hold 
me. 

If I say : Surely the darkness 
shall cover me : * even the night 
shall be light about me in my 
pleasures. 

For the darkness is not darkness 
to Thee : and the night shineth as 
the day : * the darkness and the 
light to Thee are both alike. 

For Thou didst form my reins : 
* Thou hast upholden me from 
my mother s womb. 

I will praise Thee, for Thy great 
ness is terrible : * marvellous are 
Thy works : and that my soul 
knoweth right well. 

My bones were not hid from 
Thee, when Thou madest me in 
secret : * nor my substance in the 
lower parts of the earth. 

Thine eyes beheld my substance 
yet being imperfect : and in Thy 
book all were written : * day by day 
were they to be fashioned, when as 
yet there was none of them. 

But to me, O God, Thy friends 
are exceeding honourable : * their 
power is waxen right strong. 

If I should count them, they are 
more in number than the sand : * I 
arose, and am still with Thee. 



Surely Thou wilt slay the wicked, 
O God : * depart from me, ye bloody 
men. 

For ye say in thought : * In 
vain shall Thy people take Thy 
cities. 

Do not I hate them, O LORD, 
that hate Thee? * and am not I 
grieved at those that rise up against 
Thee ? 

I hate them with perfect hatred : 
* they are to me as enemies. 

Search me, O God, and know 
mine heart : * try me and know my 
thoughts. 

And see if there be any wicked 
way in me : * and lead me in the 
way everlasting. 

Antiphon. O LORD, Thou hast 
searched me and known me. 
Third Antiphon. Preserve me. 



Psalm CXXXIX. 

[Intitnled "A Psalm of David," with the 
same musical (?) direction as before.] 

DELIVER me, O LORD, from 
the evil man : * preserve me 
from the wicked man : 

Which imagine mischiefs in their 
heart : * continually are they gath 
ered together for war. 

They have sharpened their tongues 
like a serpent : * adders poison is 
under their lips. 1 

Keep me, O LORD, from the hands 
of the wicked : * and preserve me 
from the evil man : 

Who purpose to overthrow my 
goings. * The proud have hid a 
snare for me : 

And spread a net with cords : * 
by the way-side have they set a trap 
for me. 1 



1 SLH. 



VESPERS, OR EVENSONG. 



199 



I said unto the LORD : Thou art 
my God : * hear the voice of my 
supplication, O LORD ! 

LORD, my Lord, Thou Strength 
of my salvation, * Thou hast covered 
mine head in the day of battle ! 

Give me not up, O LORD, to the 
desires of the wicked : * they take 
counsel together against me : forsake 
me not, lest they exalt themselves. 1 

As for the head of those that 
compass me about, * let the mis 
chief of their own lips cover them. 

Let burning coals fall upon them ; 
let them be cast into the fire : * when 
they are in trouble they will not be 
able to stand. 

An evil-speaker shall not prosper 
in the earth : * evil shall hunt the 
wicked man, to overthrow him. 

1 know that the LORD will main 
tain the cause of the afflicted, * and 
will revenge the poor. 

Surely the righteous shall give 
thanks unto Thy Name ; * and the 
upright shall dwell in Thy presence. 

Antiphon. Preserve me, O Lord, 
from the wicked man. 

Fourth Antiphon. LORD. 

If this Antiphon be used, the Psalm 
begins with the words, " I cry unto 
Thee." 

Psalm CXL. 
[Intituled "A Psalm of David."] 

T ORD, I cry unto Thee: hear 
me ! * give ear unto my voice 
when I cry unto Thee. 

1 SLH. 

2 The Targum is, "They are torn away from the house of instruction by the strong 
hands of their judges." The Syriac, "And their judges are crushed by the strong hand." 
Messrs Jennings and Lowe render, "When their judges have been thrown down the sides 
of the rock, then they shall hear my words as welcome;" and continue, "When the 
usurping rulers have been deposed, and the disappointed rabble has executed its ven 
geance on them, it shall bethink it again of David s divinely constituted authority, and 
gladly recall him to the throne. This is the only rational interpretation of the verse. 
For the mode of punishment mentioned, cf. 2. Chron. xxv. 12, Luke iv. 29." 



Let my prayer be set forth as in 
cense before Thee : * the lifting-up 
of mine hands as the evening sacri 
fice. 

Set a watch, O LORD, before my 
mouth : * keep the door of my lips. 

Incline not mine heart to any evil 
word, * to excuse myself in my sins, 

With men that work wickedness ; 

* and let me not eat of their dainties. 

Let the righteous smite me in 
kindness : and let him reprove me : 

* but the oil of the wicked shall not 
anoint mine head : 

For yet my prayer shall be against 
their lusts. * 2 Their judges shall 
be left [to their fate beside] in the 
hands of the rock : 

[And] they [that have wreaked 
their vengeance on them] shall hear 
my words, that they are mighty. * 
Like clods of earth broken by the 
ploughman, 

So are our bones scattered at the 
grave s mouth. * But mine eyes are 
unto Thee, O LORD, my Lord : in 
Thee is my trust, leave not my life 
to destruction. 

Keep me from the snare which 
they have laid for me, * and the gins 
of the workers of iniquity. 

The wicked shall fall into their 
own net ; * as for me, I dwell alone, 
until I depart hence. 

Antiphon. LORD, I cry unto Thee, 
hear me. 

Fifth Antiphon. O Lord, let my 
portion. 



200 



THE PSALTER. 



Psalm CXLI. 

[Intituled " A didactic (?) Psalm of David. 
A Prayer when he was in the cave," namely, 
on the same occasion as that on which he 
wrote Psalm Ivi. See note on that Psalm, 
p. no.] 

I CRIED unto the LORD with my 
voice : * with my voice unto 
the LORD did I make supplication. 

I pour out my complaint before 
Him : * before Him also I show my 
trouble. 

When my spirit faileth from me, 

* then Thou knewest my path. 

In the way wherein I walked * 
have they privily laid a snare for me. 

I looked on the right hand, and 
beheld : * but there was no man 
that would know me : 

Refuge failed me : * and no man 
cared for my soul. 

I cried unto Thee, O LORD ! * I 
said : Thou art my refuge, and my 
portion in the land of the living. 

Attend unto my cry, * for I am 
brought very low : 

Deliver me from my persecutors : 

* for they are stronger than I. 

Bring my soul out of prison, that 
I may praise Thy Name : * the 
righteous wait for me, till Thou deal 
bountifully with me. 

Antiphon. O Lord, let my por 
tion be in the land of the living. 

Antiphon in Paschal time. Alle 
luia, Alleluia, Alleluia. 

HYMN. 1 

WHOM all obey, 
Maker of man ! Who from Thy 

height 

Badest the dull earth bring to light 
All creeping things, and the fierce might 
Of beasts of prey ; 



And the huge make 
Of wild or gentler animal. 
Springing from nothing at Thy call, 
To serve in their due time, and all 

For sinners sake ; 

Shield us from ill ! 
Come it by passion s sudden stress, 
Lurk in our mind s habitual dress, 
Or through our actions seek to press 

Upon our will. 

Vouchsafe the prize 
Of sacred joy s perpetual mood, 
And service-seeking gratitude, 
And love to quell each strife or feud, 

If it arise. 

Grant it, O Lord ! 
To Whom, the Father, Only Son, 
And Holy Spirit, Three in One, 
In heaven and earth all praise be done 

With one accord. 

Amen. 

Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed 
Virgin. He hath put down the 
mighty, * that persecute His Saints : 
and hath exalted them of low degree, 
that confess His Christ. 

Commemoration of the Cross before 
the other general Commemorations , and 
Long Preces in Advent and Lent, and 
on Fast- days, as on Monday. 

Simple Feasts. If the Vespers of a 
Simple Feast be kept on a Friday, the 
service is of the Feast from the Chapter 
inclusive. 



Saturfcag* 

THE SABBATH. 

All as on Sunday, except as otherwise 
given here. 

The Psalms are as follows : 
Antiphon. Blessed. 



. J Hymn of the Ambrosian school, considerably altered ; translation by the late Card. 
Newman. 



VESPERS, OR EVENSONG. 



201 



If this Antiphon be used, the Psalm 
begins with the words, " Be the LORD 
my God." 

/;/ Paschal time only one Antiphon is 
said, Alleluia. 

Psalm CXLIII. 

[Intituled " Of David. " The Vulgate and 
the LXX. add "against Goliath."] 

T3LESSED be the LORD my God, 
*-* Which teacheth mine hands 
to war, * and my fingers to fight. 

My goodness, and my fortress : * 
my strength, and my Deliverer : 

My shield, and He in Whom I 
trust : * Who subdueth my people 
under me. 

LORD, what is man, that Thou 
takest knowledge of him ? * or the 
son of man, that Thou makest ac 
count of him ? 

Man is like to vanity : * his days 
are as a shadow that passeth away. 

Bow Thy heavens, O LORD, and 
come down : * touch the mountains, 
and they shall smoke. 

Cast forth the bright lightning, 
and scatter them : * send out 
Thine arrows, and make them to 
quake. 

Send Thine hand from above : 
rid me, and deliver me out of great 
waters, * from the hand of strange 
children : 

Whose mouth speaketh vanity : * 
and their right hand is a right hand 
of falsehood. 

I will sing a new song unto Thee, 
O God ; * upon a psaltery of ten 
strings will I sing praises unto 
Thee : 

Who hast given salvation unto 
kings : * Who deliveredst David 
Thy servant from the hurtful sword. 
Rid me, 

And deliver me from the hand 



of strange children, whose mouth 
speaketh vanity : * and their right 
hand is a right hand of falsehood : 

Whose sons may be as saplings 
grown up * in their youth ; 

Their daughters decked out, * 
adorned after the similitude of the 
temple : 

Their garners full, * affording 
stores upon store : 

Their sheep fruitful in young, 
countless in their pastures : * their 
oxen fat : 

There is no breach in their walls, 
nor inroad : * nor wailing in their 
streets. 

Happy is that people, that is in 
such a case : * happy is that people 
whose God is the Lord. 

Antiphon. Blessed be the LORD 
my God. 

Second Antiphon. Every day. 

Psalm CXLIV. 

[Intituled " David s song of praise." It is 
ABC Darian.] 

I WILL extol Thee, my God, O 
King ! * and I will bless Thy 
name for ever and ever. 

Every day will I bless Thee; * 
and I will praise Thy name for ever 
and ever. 

Great is the LORD, and greatly to 
be praised : * and His greatness is 
unsearchable. 

One generation shall praise Thy 
works to another, * and shall declare 
Thy mighty acts. 

They shall speak of the glorious 
honour of Thy Majesty, * and tell of 
Thy wondrous works. 

And men shall speak of the might 
of Thy terrible acts, * and declare 
Thy greatness. 



202 



THE PSALTER. 



They shall abundantly utter the 
record of Thy great goodness, * 
and shall sing of Thy righteous 
ness. 

The LORD is gracious and full of 
compassion : * slow to anger and of 
great mercy. 

The LORD is good to all, * and 
His tender mercies are over all His 
works. 

May all Thy works praise Thee, 
O LORD ! * and let Thy saints bless 
Thee ! 

They shall speak of the glory of 
Thy kingdom, * and talk of Thy 
power ; 

To make known to the sons of 
men Thy mighty acts, * and the 
glorious majesty of Thy king 
dom. 

Thy kingdom is an everlasting 
kingdom, * and Thy dominion 
endureth throughout all genera 
tions ! 

The Lord is faithful in all His 
words, * and holy in all His 
works. 

The LORD upholdeth all that fall, 
* and raiseth up all those that be 
bowed down. 

The eyes of all wait upon Thee, 
O Lord ! * and Thou givest them 
their meat in due season. 

Thou openest Thine hand, * and 
fillest all things living with plenteous- 
ness. 

The LORD is righteous in all 
His ways, * and holy in all His 
works. 

The LORD is nigh unto all them 
that call upon Him, * to all that call 
upon Him in truth. 

He will fulfil the desire of them 
that fear Him : * He also will hear 
their cry and will save them. 

The LORD preserveth all them 



that love Him, * but all the wicked 
will He destroy. 

My mouth shall speak the praise 
of the LORD ; * and let all flesh 
bless His holy Name for ever and 
ever. 

Antiphon. Every day will I bless 
Thee, O Lord. 

Third Antiphon. While I live. 

Psalm CXLV. 

[To this Psalm is prefixed "Alleluia." 
The Vulgate and the LXX. connect it with 
the names of Haggai and Zechariah.] 



the LORD, O my soul; 
while I live will I praise the 
LORD : * I will sing praises unto my; 
God while I have being. 

Put not your trust in princes, * 
in the son of man, in whom is no 
help. 

His breath goeth forth, and he 
returneth to his earth : * in that 
very day their thoughts perish. 

Happy is he that hath the God 
of Jacob for his help, his hope is 
in the LORD his God : * Who made 
heaven and earth, the sea, and all 
that therein is : 

Who keepeth truth for ever. 
Who executeth judgment for the 
oppressed : * Who giveth food to 
the hungry. 

The LORD looseth the prisoners : 
* the LORD openeth the eyes of the 
blind : 

The LORD raiseth them that are 
bowed down : * the LORD loveth 
the righteous : 

The LORD preserveth the stran 
gers ; He defendeth the fatherless 
and widow : * but the way of the 
wicked He will turn aside. 

The LORD shall reign for ever ! 



VESPERS, OR EVENSONG. 



203 



even thy God, O Zion, * unto all 
generations ! 

[The Hebrew adds " Alleluia," which 
the Vulgate and the LXX. prefix to the 
next Psalm.] 

Antiphon. While I live will I 
praise the LORD. 

Fourth Antiphon. Let the praise 
of our God. 



Psalm CXLVI. 

[The Vulgate and the LXX., as stated, 
prefix "Alleluia," and the LXX. adds "of 
Haggai and Zechariah."] 



ye the LORD, for it is 
good to sing praises : * the 
praise of our God is pleasant and 
comely. 

The LORD doth build up Jeru 
salem : * He gathereth together 
the outcasts of Israel. 

He healeth the broken in heart, * 
and bindeth up their wounds. 

He telleth the number of the 
stars ; * and calleth them all by 
their names. 

Great is our Lord, and of great 
power : * and His understanding is 
infinite. 

The LORD lifteth up the meek ; * 
but He casteth the wicked down to 
the ground. 

Sing unto the LORD with thanks 
giving : * sing praise upon the harp 
unto our God. 

Who covereth the heaven with 
clouds : * and prepareth rain for the 
earth, 

Who maketh grass to grow upon 
the mountains, * and herbs for the 
service of men : 

He giveth to the beast his food, 
* and to the young ravens which cry 
unto Him. 



He delighteth not in the strength 
of an horse ; * neither taketh He 
pleasure ir> the legs of a man. 

The LORD taketh pleasure in them 
that fear Him, * and in those that 
hope in His mercy. 

Antiphon. Let the praise of our 
God be pleasant. 

Fifth Antiphon. Praise the LORD. 

If this Antiphon be used the Psalm 
begins with the words^ " O Jerusalem." 

Psalm CXLVII. 

[In the Hebrew this is the continuation 
of the preceding Psalm. The Vulgate and 
the LXX. prefix "Alleluia," and the LXX. 
adds "of Haggai and Zechariah."] 



the LORD, O Jerusalem ! 
* praise thy God, O Zion ! 

For He hath strengthened the 
bars of thy gates : * He hath blessed 
thy children within thee : 

He maketh peace in thy borders : 
* and filleth thee with the finest of 
the wheat. 

He sendeth forth His command 
ment upon earth : * His word run 
neth very swiftly. 

He giveth snow like wool : * He 
scattereth the hoar-frost like ashes. 

He casteth forth His ice like 
morsels : * who can stand before 
His cold? 

He sendeth out His word, and 
melteth them : * He causeth His 
wind to blow, and the waters flow. 

He declareth His word unto 
Jacob, * His statutes and His 
judgments unto Israel. 

He hath not dealt so with any 
nation : * neither hath He made 
known to them His judgments. 

[The Hebrew adds "Alleluia," which 
the Vulgate and the LXX. prefix to the 
next Psalm.] 



2O4 



THE PSALTER. 



Antiphon. Praise the LORD, O 
Jerusalem. 

Antiphon in Paschal time. Alle 
luia, Alleluia, Alleluia. 

From Advent Sunday till the Octave 
oj the Epiphany, and from Septuagesima 
Sunday till the Octave of Pentecost spe 
cial Chapters are given. 

At other times the following is said: 
CHAPTER. (Rom. xi. 33.) 

OTHE depth of the riches and 
wisdom and knowledge of 
God : how unsearchable are His 
judgments and His ways past find 
ing out ! 

The following Hymn and Verse and 
Answer is used during the same seasons 
as the above Chapter, and likewise from 
Septuagesima to Lent. 

HYMN. 1 

THE red sun is gone, 
Thou Light of the heart, 
Blessed Three, Holy One, 
To Thy servants a sun 
Everlasting impart. 

1 Hymn of the Ambrosian school, altered 
the late Card. Newman. 



There were Lauds in the morn, 
Here are Vespers at even : 
Oh, may we adorn 
Thy temple new born 
With our voices in Heaven. 

To the Father be praise, 
And praise to the Son, 
And the Spirit always, 
While the infinite days 
Of eternity run. 

Amen. 

Verse. Let the evening prayer 
ascend unto Thee, O Lord. 

Answer. And let there descend 
upon us Thy mercy. 

The following Antiphon is said only 
from the Octave of the Epiphany till 
Septuagesima. 

Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed 
Virgin. God hath holpen His ser 
vant Israel : * as He spake to 
Abraham and to his seed, to exalt 
them of low degree for ever and 
ever. 

Prayer of the succeeding Sunday. 
almost beyond recognition ; translation by 



205 



COMPLINE. 1 



ffice for rterg fcag in tlje 



At the beginning of Compline the 
Reader says : 

Sir, be pleased to give the bless 
ing. 

The Blessing. 

May the Almighty Lord grant us 
a quiet night and a perfect end. 
Answer. Amen. 

Then is read this Short Lesson. 
SHORT LESSON, (i Pet. v. 8.) 

T3RETHREN, be sober, be vigil- 
k* ant : because your adversary 
the devil as a roaring lion walketh 
about, seeking whom he may devour: 
whom resist ye, stedfast in the faith. 
But Thou, O Lord, have mercy 
upon us. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 
Verse. ^ 2 Our help is in the 
Name of the LORD. 

Answer. Who made heaven and 
earth. 

Then the Lord s Prayer is said in- 
audibly. , 



kingdom come. Thy will be done 
on earth, as it is in heaven. Give 
us this day our daily bread. And 
forgive us our trespasses, as we for 
give them that trespass against us. 
And lead us not into temptation ; 
but deliver us from evil. Amen. 

After this is said the General Confes 
sion and Absolution. 

T CONFESS to God Almighty, to 
^ the Blessed Mary, always a 
Virgin, to the Blessed Michael the 
Archangel, to the Blessed John the 
Baptist, to the Holy Apostles Peter 
and Paul, and to all the Saints, that 
I have sinned exceedingly in thought, 
word, and deed, by my fault, by my 
fault, by my most grievous fault. 
Therefore I beseech the Blessed 
Mary, always a Virgin, the Blessed 
Michael the Archangel, the Blessed 
John the Baptist, the Holy Apostles 
Peter and Paul, and all the Saints, to 
pray to the Lord our God for me. 

The Absolution. 

A LMIGHTY God have mercy 
^T*- on us, forgive us our sins, 
and bring us to life everlasting. 
Answer. Amen. 



R Father, Who art in heaven, 
Hallowed be Thy Name. Thy 

Compline (Completorium) is the last office of the Church, and is proper to the end of 
the evening before going to bed, reckoned to be about 9 p.m., but it may be said any time 

thus forming the com 
ion that the "Evening 
2 p s cxx {{{ f _ 



"S *"* j., fe -~ ^v,v*, .v.v,.v^ii^,_t. iw u^ enjoin, y p.lll., UUL 1L Illciy UC bclIU illl^ 

betore midnight. It is very frequently recited along with Vespers, thus forming the com 
plete Evening Service of the Church, and it is from this aggregati fli " f f ^~ " T? " 
Prayer " of the Anglican Prayer Book is derived. 



206 



THE PSALTER. 



^ TV /\ AY the Almighty and mer- 

^ -* ciful Lord grant us pardon, 
absolution, and remission of all our 
sins. 

Answer, Amen. 

Verse. l Turn us, O God of our 
salvation. 

Answer. And cause Thine anger 
toward us to cease. 

Verse. ^ Make haste, O God, to 
deliver me. 

Answer. Make haste to help me, 
O LORD. 

Glory be to the Father, and to the 
Son, and to the Holy Ghost. 

As it was in the beginning, is now, 
and ever shall be, world without end. 
Amen. Alleluia. 

From the Saturday before Septua- 
gesima Sunday to Maundy Thursday 
instead of " Alleluia" is said: 

Ceaseless praise to Thee be given, 
O Eternal King of heaven. 

Then follow the Psalms. They are 
all said under one Antiphon. 

Antiphon. Have mercy. 
Antiphon in Paschal time. Alle 
luia. 

Psalm IV. 

[Intituled "A Psalm of David," with a 
musical (?) direction of (now) uncertain 
meaning.] 

WHEN I called, the God of my 
righteousness heard me : * 
Thou hast enlarged me when I was 
in distress : 

Have mercy upon me, * and hear 
my prayer. 

O ye sons of men, how long 
will ye be dull of heart? * Why 
will ye love vanity, and seek after 
leasing ? 2 

1 Ps. Ixxxiv. 5. 



But know that the LORD hath set 
apart for Himself him that is holy : 

* the LORD will hear me when I 
call unto Him. 

Be ye angry and sin not : * what 
ye speak in your heart, repent upon 
your bed. 2 

Offer the sacrifices of righteous 
ness, and put your trust in the LORD. 

* There be many that say : Who will 
show us any good ? 

LORD, Thou hast set upon us the 
light of Thy countenance. * Thou 
hast put gladness in my heart, 

More than in the time that 
their corn, and wine, and oil * 
increased. 

I will both lay me down in peace, 

* and sleep, 

For Thou, LORD, only * makest 
me to dwell in safety. 

Psalm XXX. 

[The first eight verses of Psalm xxx., p. 
7 6.] 

IN Thee, O LORD, do I put my 
trust, let me never be asham 
ed ; * deliver me in Thy righteous 
ness. 

Bow down Thine ear to me, * 
deliver me speedily. 

Be Thou to me a God, a Pre 
server, and an house of defence, * 
to save me. 

For Thou art my strength and 
my refuge, * and for Thy Name s 
sake Thou wilt lead me and nourish 
me. 

Thou wilt pull me out of the net, 
that they have laid privily for me, 

* for Thou art my Preserver. 
Into Thine hands I commend my 

spirit : * Thou hast redeemed me, 
O LORD God of truth ! 
2 SLH. 



COMPLINE. 



207 



Psalm XC. 

[The Vulgate and the LXX. give the 
heading, "A Psalm of praise of David."] 

HE that dwelleth in the help of 
the Most High, * shall abide 
under the shadow of the God of 
heaven. 

He will say to the LORD : Thou 
art my refuge, and my fortress, * 
my God, in Him will I trust. 

For He shall deliver me from the 
snare of the fowler, * and from the 
noisome pestilence. 

He shall cover thee with His 
wings, * and under His feathers 
shalt thou trust : 

His truth shall be thy shield. * 
Thou shalt not be afraid for the 
terror by night; 

For the arrow that flieth by day, 
for the pestilence that walketh in 
darkness, * for the evil spirit that 
wasteth at noon-day. 

A thousand shall fall at thy side, 
and ten thousand at thy right 
hand : * but it shall not come 
nigh thee. 

Yea, with thine eyes shalt thou 
behold : * and see the reward of 
the wicked. 

Because Thou, O LORD, art my 
trust : * thou hast made the Most 
High thy refuge. 

There shall no evil befall thee, * 
neither shall any plague come nigh 
thy dwelling. 

For He hath given His Angels 
charge over thee, * to keep thee in 
all thy ways : 

They shall bear thee up in their 
hands, * lest haply thou dash thy 
foot against a stone. 



Thou shalt tread upon the adder 
and the cockatrice : * the lion also 
and the dragon shalt thou trample 
under feet. 

Because he hath set his trust 
upon Me, therefore will I deliver 
him : * I will defend him because 
he hath known My Name. 

He shall call upon Me, and I will 
answer him : * I am with him in 
trouble : I will deliver him and 
glorify him. 

With long life will I satisfy him : 
* and show him My salvation. 

Psalm CXXXIII. 
[Intituled "A Song of Degrees."] 

T3EHOLD now, bless ye the 
<"* LORD, * all ye servants of the 
LORD. 

Which stand in the house of the 
LORD, * even in the courts of the 
house of our God, 

By night. Lift up your hands 
toward the sanctuary, * and bless 
the LORD. 

The LORD That made heaven 
and earth, * bless thee out of 
Zion ! 

Antiphon, 1 Have mercy upon 
me, O Lord, and hear my prayer. 

Antiphon in Paschal time. Al 
leluia, Alleluia, Alleluia. 

Then is said the following : 

HYMN. 2 

1\J OW that the day-light dies away, 
1 ~ By all Thy grace and love, 
Thee, Maker of the world, we pray 
To watch our bed above. 



1 Ps. iv. 2. 

2 Hymn of the Ambrosian school, very slightly altered ; translation by the late Card. 
Newman. 



208 



THE PSALTER. 



Let dreams depart and phantoms fly, 

The offspring of the night, 
Keep us, like shrines, beneath Thine 
eye, 

Pure in our foes despite. 

This grace on Thy redeemed confer, 

Father, Co-equal Son, 
And Holy Ghost, the Comforter, 

Eternal Three in One. 

Amen. 

The last verse is sometimes said thus, 
altered in honour of the Incarnation : 

JESU, the Virgin-born, to Thee 

Eternal praise be given, 
With Father, Spirit, One and Three, 

Here as it is in heaven. 

Amen. 

In Paschal time it is said thus, al 
tered in honour of the Resurrection : 

To Father, Son, and Paraclete, 

The slain and risen Son, 
Be praise and glory, as is meet, 

While endless ages run. 

Amen. 

// is also occasionally otherwise al 
tered, which occasions are marked in 
their places. 

Then folloius the 
CHAPTER. (Jer. xiv. 9.) 

YET Thou, O LORD, art in the 
midst of us, and Thine holy 
Name is called upon us : x leave us 
not, O Lord our God. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

Then the Short Responsory. 

2 Into Thine hands, O Lord, I 
commend my spirit. 

1 The allusion seems to be to the invocation of the Name upon Israel by the Priests, 
Numb. vi. 22. "And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying : Speak unto Aaron, and unto 
his sons, saying, On this wise shall ye bless the children of Israel, saying unto them The 
LORD bless thee and keep thee ; the LORD make His face shine upon thee, and be gracious 
unto thee ; the LORD lift up His countenance upon thee, and give thee peace and they 
shall put My Name upon the children of Israel ; and I will bless them. " 

2 Ps. xxx. 6. 3 Ps. xvi. 8. 



Answer. Into Thine hands, O 
Lord, I commend my spirit. 

Verse. Thou hast redeemed us, 
O LORD God of truth. 

Answer. I commend my spirit. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer. Into Thine hands, O 
Lord, I commend my spirit. 

Verse. 3 Keep us, O Lord, as 
the apple of the eye. 

Answer. Hide us under the 
shadow of Thy wings. 

From the Saturday after Easter in 
clusive to the Saturday after Pentecost 
exclusive, the above is said thus : 

Into Thine hands, O Lord, I com 
mend my spirit. Alleluia, Alleluia. 

Answer. Into Thine hands, O 
Lord, I commend my spirit. Al 
leluia, Alleluia. 

Verse. Thou hast redeemed us, 
O LORD God of truth. 

Answer. Alleluia, Alleluia. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer. Into Thine hands, O 
Lord, I commend my spirit. Alle 
luia, Alleluia. 

Verse. Keep us, O Lord, as the 
apple of the eye. Alleluia. 

Answer. Hide us under the 
shadow of Thy wings. Alleluia. 

Then is said the following Canticle 
from the Gospel, with its Antiphon. 

Antiphon. O Lord, keep us. 



COMPLINE. 



209 



THE SONG OF SIMEON. (Luke ii. 29.) 

[Uttered by Simeon at the presentation 
of our LORD in the Temple. " Then took 
he Him up in his arms, and blessed God, 
and said : "] 

T ORD, now lettest Thou Thy 
*-* servant depart in peace, * 
according to Thy word : 

For mine eyes have seen * Thy 
Salvation, 

Which Thou hast prepared * 
before the face of all people ; 

A Light to lighten the Gentiles, 
and the glory of Thy people 
Israel. 

The Doxology, "Glory be to the 
Father, &c.," is said. 

Antiphon. O Lord, keep us 
waking, guard us sleeping : that 
we may wake with Christ and rest 
in peace. 

In Paschal time, "Alleluia." 

Then follow these short prayers, called 
the Preces. They are omitted on Doubles 
and within Octaves, hi Advent, Lent, 
and the Ember Days they are said 
kneeling. 

Kyrie eleison. 

Answer. Christe eleison. 

Kyrie eleison. 

R Father, (inaudibly,} Who 
art in heaven, Hallowed be 
Thy Name. Thy kingdom come. 
Thy will be done on earth, as it is 
in heaven. Give us this day our 
daily bread. And forgive us our 
trespasses, as we forgive them that 
trespass against us. (Aloud?) 

Verse. And lead us not into 
temptation. 

Answer. But deliver us from 
evil. 

1 Dan. iii 



T BELIEVE (inaudibly] in God 
A the Father Almighty, Maker of 
heaven and earth. And in JESUS 
Christ, His only Son, our Lord ; 
Who was conceived by the Holy 
Ghost, born of the Virgin Mary, 
suffered under Pontius Pilate, was 
crucified, dead, and buried: He 
descended into hell : the third day 
He rose again from the dead : He 
ascended into heaven, and sitteth 
on the right hand of God the 
Father Almighty. From thence He 
shall come to judge the quick and 
the dead. I believe in the Holy 
Ghost, the Holy Catholic Church, 
the Communion of Saints, the For 
giveness of sins, (aloud} 

Verse. The Resurrection of the 
body. 

Answer. And the Life ever 
lasting. Amen. 

Verse. 1 Blessed art Thou, O 
Lord God of our fathers, 

Answer. And to be praised and 
glorified above all for ever. 

Verse. Bless we the Father, and 
the Son, and the Holy Ghost. 

Answer. Let us praise and exalt 
Him above all for ever. 

Verse. x Blessed art Thou, O 

Lord, in the firmament of heaven, 

Answer. And to be praised, and 

glorified, and exalted above all for 

ever. 

Verse. May the Lord, the Al 
mighty and merciful, bless and 
keep us. 

Answer. Amen. 
Verse. Vouchsafe, O Lord, this 
night, 

Answer. To keep us without sin. 
Verse. Have mercy upon us, O 
LORD. 

Answer. Have mercy upon us. 
52, 56. 



210 



THE PSALTER. 



Verse. O LORD, let Thy mercy 
lighten upon us. 

Answer. As our trust is in Thee. 

Here the service is resumed, when 
the above has been omitted. 

Verse. Hear my prayer, O LORD. 
Answer. And let my cry come 
unto Thee. 

Let us pray. 

VISIT, we beseech Thee, O 
Lord, this habitation, 1 and 
drive far from it all snares of the 
enemy : let Thine holy Angels dwell 
herein, to keep us in peace, and 
may Thy blessing be always upon 
us. Through our Lord JESUS Christ, 
Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth 
with Thee, in the unity of the Holy 
Ghost, one God, world without end. 

Answer. Amen. 

Verse. Hear my prayer, O LORD. 

Answer. And let my cry come 
unto Thee. 

Verse. Bless we the Lord. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

The Blessing. 

May the Almighty and Merciful 
Lord, *%* the Father, the Son, and 
the Holy Ghost, bless and keep us. 

Answer. Amen. 

Then follows immediately one of 
these Four Antiphons of the Blessed 
Virgin Mary, according to the season 
of the year. 

I. From the Vespers of the Saturday 
before Advent Sunday till those of 
Candlemas, both inclusive. 

Antiphon. Maiden ! Mother of 
Him Who redeemed us, thou that 
abidest 



Heaven s open gate, and the Star 
of the Sea, come, succour the fallen ! 

Fallen indeed we are, but fain 
would rise by thy succour. 

Thou that beyond nature s course 
hast borne in time the Eternal ; 

Thou that a Virgin before, and 
after that childbirth remainest, 

From the Archangel s lips the 
quickening message receiving, 

Mother of JESUS and us, turn 
thine eyes of mercy on sinners. 

Verse. The Angel of the Lord 
announced unto Mary, 

Answer. And she conceived of 
the Holy Ghost. 

Let us pray. 

beseech Thee, O Lord, pour 
Thy grace into our hearts ; 
that, as we have known the Incar 
nation of Thy Son JESUS Christ by 
the message of an Angel, so by His 
Passion and Cross we may be 
brought unto the glory of His 
Resurrection. Through the same 
Christ our Lord. 
Answer. Amen. 

From the First Vespers of Christmas 
inclusive, the Verse and Answer and 
Prayer are as follows : 

Verse. After thy delivery thou 
still remainest a Virgin undefiled. 

Answer. Mother of God, pray 
for us. 

Let us pray. 

OGOD, Who, by the fruitful 
virginity of the Blessed Mary, 
hast given unto mankind the re 
wards of everlasting life ; grant, we 
beseech Thee, that we may con 
tinually feel the might of her in- 



1 This Office was originally the last Prayer before going to rest "for the monks of the 
Order of St Benedict. 



COMPLINE. 



211 



tercession ; through whom we have 
worthily received the Author of 
our life, our Lord JESUS Christ 
Thy Son. 

Answer. Amen. 

II. from the Compline of the 2nd 
day of February inclusive to 
Maundy Thursday exclusive. 

Antiphon. Hail, O Mary, Queen 
of heaven, 

Queen of Angel worlds on high, 
Hail, O Rod to Jesse given, 
Blessed Portal of the sky, 

Hail, O Lady, bright and glorious, 
Clad in beauty, pure and true, 
Virgin ! o er sin s stain victorious, 
Sinners for thy succour sue. 

Verse. Holy Virgin, my praise 
by thee accepted be. 

Answer. Give me strength against 
thine enemies. 

Let us pray. 

IV/TOST merciful God, grant, we 
-** * beseech Thee, a succour 
unto the frailty of our nature, that 
as we keep ever alive the memory 
of the holy Mother of God, so by 
the help of her intercession we may 
be raised up from the bondage of 
our sins. Through the same Christ 
our Lord. 

Answer. Amen. 

III. from the First Compline of 
Easter inclusive till the First 
Vespers of Trinity Sunday ex 
clusive. 

Antiphon. Rejoice! rejoice! thou 
Queen of Heaven, Alleluia, 



For He That thee for Son was 
given, Alleluia, 

As He promised is arisen. Alle 
luia. 

Mother, pray to Him for us, 
Alleluia. 

Verse. Be glad and rejoice, O 
Virgin Mary, Alleluia, 

Answer. For the Lord is risen 
indeed. Alleluia. 

Let us pray. 

GOD, Who dost vouchsafe to 
gladden the whole world by 
the resurrection of Thy Son our 
Lord JESUS Christ ; grant, we be 
seech Thee, that by the help of 
His Mother the Virgin Mary, we 
may finally attain unto the glad 
ness of life everlasting. Through 
the same Christ our Lord. 
Answer. Amen. 

IV. From the First Vespers of 
Trinity Sunday inclusive till the 
Vespers of Saturday before Ad 
vent Sunday exclusive. 

Antiphon. Hail, O Queen, Mo 
ther of mercy ! hail, our life, our 
sweetness, and our hope. To thee 
we cry, the banished sons of Eve. 
Toward thee we sigh, weeping and 
groaning in this vale of tears. Ah, 
then, thou our Advocate, turn on us 
those merciful eyes of thine ! And, 
after this our exile, show to us JESUS, 
the blessed Fruit of thy womb. O 
most merciful, O most gracious, O 
most sweet Virgin Mary ! 1 

Verse. Pray for us, holy Mo 
ther of God. 

Answer. That we may be made 
worthy of the promises of Christ. 



1 Of these four Antiphons, "Maiden Mother" is ascribed to Hermann the Cripple, a 
monk of Reichenau, who died A.D. 1052. The authorship of the second is unknown : it 



212 



THE PSALTER. 



Let us pray. 

ALMIGHTY and everlasting 
God, Who, by the co-opera 
tion of the Holy Ghost, didst make 
ready both the body and soul of 
the glorious Virgin and Mother 
Mary worthily to become a meet 
dwelling for Thy Son ; grant that 
as we rejoice in her memory, so 
by her pitiful intercession we may 
be delivered from the evils that 
continually hang over us, and finally 
from everlasting death. Through 
the same Christ our Lord. 
Answer. Amen. 

After each of these Antiphons is said 
this Blessing: 

God s most mighty strength alway 
Be His people s staff and stay. 
Answer. Amen. 

Lastly, whether Mattins be to follow 
immediately, or not, the Lord s Prayer, 
the Angelic Salutation, and the Apos 
tles Creed are said inaudibly. 



Father, Who art in heaven, 
Hallowed be Thy Name. 
Thy kingdom come. Thy will 
be done on earth, as it is in 
heaven. Give us this day our 
daily bread. And forgive us our 
trespasses, as we forgive them that 
trespass against us. And lead us 
not into temptation ; but deliver 
us from evil. Amen. 



TTAIL, Mary, full of grace; the 
* ^ Lord is with thee : blessed 
art thou among women, and blessed 
is the fruit of thy womb, JESUS. 

Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray 
for us sinners, now, and at the 
hour of our death. Amen. 

T BELIEVE in God, the Father 
^ Almighty, Maker of heaven 
and earth. And in JESUS Christ, 
His Only Son, our Lord, Who 
was conceived by the Holy Ghost, 
born of the Virgin Mary, suffered 
under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, 
dead, and buried : He descended 
into hell : the third day He rose 
again from the dead : He ascended 
into heaven, and sitteth at the right 
hand of God the Father Almighty : 
from thence He shall come to 
judge both the quick and the dead. 
I believe in the Holy Ghost, the 
Holy Catholic Church, the Com 
munion of Saints, the Forgiveness 
of sins, the Resurrection of the 
body, and the life everlasting. 

Amen. 



Thus ends the Office of Compline 
throughout the year, in which Office 
the words, " May the souls, &c.," are 
omitted, and the Verse and Answer, 
"The Lord give us, &c.," are ?iot said 
before the Antiphon of tJic Blessed 
Virgin. 



seems to date from about the eleventh century. The date and authorship of the third are 
likewise unknown ; but a legend has become attached to it, to the effect that St Gregory 
the Great heard the three first lines uttered by an angel, and himself added the fourth, on 
the same occasion on which was instituted the procession upon St Mark s Day. The 
authorship of " Hail, O Queen" is disputed. The last clause is usually admitted to be an 
exclamation uttered by St Bernard of Clairvaux in the cathedral of Spires. But the 
authorship of the rest is disputed, some ascribing it to Hermann the Cripple, others to 
one Peter of Monsoro, bishop of Compostella, others to one Adhemar, bishop of Podium 
(Puy-en-Velay). It seems to have been well known, at least in Spain, early in the 
twelfth century. 



proper >ffice of tije 



Crtnitg & 

The First Lord s Day after Pentecost. 
of tjje jIBogt P?olg 



Double of the First Class. 



All as on ordinary Sundays, except 
the following. 



FIRST VESPERS. 

^Antiphons, Chapter, and Prayer 
from Lauds. 

Last Psalm. 
Psalm CXVI. 
O praise the LORD, &c., (p. 186.) 



Virgin. Thanks be unto Thee, O 
God Thanks be unto Thee, O True 
and One Trinity, Holy and Supreme 
Deity, Holy and One Unity. 

A Commemoration is made of the 
First Sunday after Pentecost. 

Antiphon. 2 Speak, LORD ; for Thy 
servant heareth. 

Verse. Let the evening prayer as 
cend unto Thee, O Lord. 

Answer. And let there descend 
upon us Thy mercy. 



Hymn as on ordinary Saturday Prayer from the Commemoration at 



even ings, (p. 204.) 



Lauds. 



Verse. Bless we the Father, and 
the Son, and the Holy Ghost. 

Answer. Let us praise Him and 
exalt Him above all for ever. 



MATTINS. 



Invitatory. The True God is 
Unity in Trinity, and Trinity in 
Unity. * O come, let us worship 
Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed Him. 

1 This Festival in honour of the Church s Doctrine concerning God can never be transferred, 
and is therefore printed in the original just as given here. 

2 i Kings (Sam.) iii. 9. 

VOL. III. 



H 



2I 4 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



Hymn. 



r\ THOU Eternal Source of love ! 
^~^ Ruler of Nature s scheme ! 
In Substance One, in Persons Three ! 
Omniscient and Supreme ! 

O be Thou near us when we wake ; 

And at the break of day, 
With Thy blest touch arouse the soul, 

Her meed of praise to pay. 

To God the Father glory be, 

And Sole, Eternal Son ; 
And glory, Holy Ghost, to Thee, 

While endless ages run. Amen. 



FIRST NOCTURN. 

First Antiphon. Be present, O One 
Almighty God, Father, Son, and Holy 
Ghost. 

Psalm VIII. 
O LORD, our Lord, &c., (p. 7.) 

Second A ntiphon. We acknowledge 
that Thou art One in Being, and Three 
in Persons. 

Psalm XVIII. 
The heavens declare, &c., (p. 17.) 

Third Antiphon. We testify that 
Thy Being, Thy Life, and Thine Un 
derstanding are One and eternally 
unchangeable. 

Psalm XXIII. 

The earth is the LORD S, &c., (/. 
46.) 

Verse. Bless we the Father, and 
the Son, and the Holy Ghost. 

Answer. Let us praise and exalt 
Him above all for ever. 



First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book of 
the Prophet Isaiah (vi. i.) 

T N the year that King Uzziah died, 
I saw the Lord sitting upon a 
throne, high and lifted up, and His 
train rilled the temple. Above it 
stood the 2 Seraphim ; each one had 
six wings ; with twain he covered his 
face, and with twain he covered his 
feet, and with twain he did fly. And 
one cried unto another, and said : 
Holy, Holy, Holy, is the LORD God of 
hosts ; the whole earth is full of His 
glory. And the posts of the door 
moved at the voice of him that cried, 
and the house was. rilled with smoke. 

First Responsory. 

I saw the Lord sitting upon a throne, 
high and lifted up, and the whole earth 
was full of His glory, and His train 
filled the temple. 

Verse. Above it stood the Sera 
phim : each one had six wings. 

Answer. And His train filled the 
temple. 

Second Lesson. 

"THEN said I : Woe is me, for I am 
silent, because I am a man of 
unclean lips, and I dwell in the midst 
of a people of unclean lips, and mine 
eyes have seen the King, the LORD 
of hosts. Then flew one of the 
Seraphim unto me, having a live coal 
in his hand, which he had taken with 
the tongs from off the altar. And he 
laid it upon my mouth, and said : Lo, 
this hath touched thy lips, and thine 
iniquity is taken away, and thy sin 
purged. Also I heard the voice of the 
Lord saying : Whom shall I send ? 
and who will go for us ? Then said 
I : Here am I ; send me. 



1 The original is taken, with alterations, from two Ambrosian hymns ; translation by the 
Rev. E. Caswall. 2 Or "burning ones." 



TRINITY SUNDAY. 



215 



Second Responsory. 

1 Blessed be the LORD God of hosts, 
Who only doeth wondrous things. 
And blessed be His glorious Name 
for ever. 

Verse. And let the whole earth be 
rilled with His glory. Amen. Amen. 

Answer. And blessed be His glori 
ous Name for ever. 

Third Lesson. 

A ND He said: Go, and tell this 
^ people : Hear ye indeed, but 
understand not ; and see ye indeed, 
but , perceive not. Make the heart of 
this people dull, and make their ears 
heavy, and shut their eyes ; lest haply 
they see with their eyes, and hear 
with their ears, and understand with 
their heart, and be converted, and I 
should heal them. Then said I : Lord, 
how long ? And He answered : Until 
the cities be wasted without inhabi 
tant, and the houses without man, and 
the land be utterly desolate : and the 
LORD shall remove man far away, and 
that which is left in the midst of the 
land shall increase. 

Third Responsory. 

2 Let God, even our own God, bless 
us ; let God bless us. And let all the 
ends of the earth fear Him. 

Verse. God be merciful unto us, 
and bless us. 

Answer. And let all the ends of 
the earth fear Him. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, and 
to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost. 

Answer. And let all the ends of 
the earth fear Him. 

SECOND NOCTURN. 



First Antiphon. Upon Thee do we 
call, Thee do we praise, Thee do we 
worship, O Blessed Trinity ! 

i Ps. Ixxi. 18, 19. 2 Ps. Ixvi. 8, 2. 



Psalm XLVI. 
O clap your hands, &c., (p. 98.) 

Second Antiphon. Thou art our 
Hope, Thou art our Salvation, Thou 
art our glory, O Blessed Trinity ! 



Psalm XLVI I. 
Great is the LORD, &c., (p. 98.) 

Third Antiphon. Be Thou our De 
liverer, our Saviour, our Life-giver, O 
Blessed Trinity ! 

Psalm LXXL 
Give the King, &c., (p. 126.) 

Verse. 3 Blessed art Thou, O Lord, 
in the firmament of heaven. 

Answer. And above all to be 
praised and glorified for ever. 

Fourth Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book 
on the Faith, addressed to Peter by 
St Fulgentius, Bishop [of Ruspa.] 
(Found in the Works of Augustine, 
torn. 3.) 

"PHE Faith which the holy Patri 
archs and Prophets received 
from God before His Son was made 
Flesh, the Faith which the holy 
Apostles heard from the Lord Him 
self when Present in the Flesh, the 
Faith which the same Apostles learnt 
by the teaching of the Holy Ghost 
not only to preach by word of mouth, 
but also to leave behind them in their 
writings for the healthful instruction 
of all that should come after, that 
Faith teacheth that the Trinity, that 
is to say, the Father, the Son, and 
the Holy Ghost, is but ONE GOD. 
But we could not truly call the 



216 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost 
a Trinity, if One and the Selfsame 
Person were named Father, Son, and 
Holy Ghost. 

Fourth Responsory. 

1 Who is so great a God as our God ? 
Thou art the God that doest wonders. 

Verse. Thou hast declared Thy 
strength among the people ; Thou 
hast with Thine arm redeemed Thy 
people. 

Answer. Thou art the God that 
doest wonders. 

Fifth Lesson. 

T^ OR if as the Being of the Father, 
the Son, and the Holy Ghost is 
One Being, so were there but One 
Person, then were it untrue to say 
that God is a Trinity. On the other 
hand, if, as the Persons of the Father, 
the Son, and the Holy Ghost are dis 
tinguished One from Another by that 
which is proper to Each, so were 
They diverse by difference of nature, 
then were it untrue to say that God 
is ONE. But since concerning the 
nature of the One True God, Who 
is a Trinity, it is the Truth to say 
that God is ONE, and the Truth to 
say that God is a Trinity, therefore 
the True God is a Trinity in Persons, 
and an Unity in nature. 

Fifth Responsory. 

To Thee be praise, to Thee be 
glory, to Thee be thanksgiving for 
ever and ever, O Blessed Trinity ! 

Verse. 2 And blessed is Thy glori 
ous and Holy Name, and to be praised 
and exalted above all for ever. 

Answer. O Blessed Trinity ! 



Sixth Lesson. 

^THROUGH this Oneness of nature 
All That the Father is is in the 
Son and the Holy Ghost, All That 
the Son is is in the Father and the 
Holy Ghost, and All That the Holy 
Ghost is is in the Father and the 
Son. Of the Father, the Son, and 
the Holy Ghost, None is without 
Other, None is before Other, None 
is Greater than Other, None is 
Mightier than Other. The Father, 
as touching the One Divine Nature, 
is neither before nor greater than 
the Son and the Holy Ghost : 
neither is it possible that the Eter 
nity and Infinity of the Son, whether 
as before or greater, should be before 
or greater than the Eternity and In 
finity of the Spirit. 



Sixth Responsory. 

3 Great is the LORD, and greatly 
to be praised, and His Wisdom is 
unsearchable. 

Verse. 4 Great is our Lord, and 
of great power, and His understand 
ing is infinite. 

Answer. And His Wisdom is un 
searchable. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer. And His Wisdom is un 
searchable. 



THIRD NOCTURN. 

First Antiphon. The Father is 
Love ; the Son is Grace ; the Holy 
Ghost is Communion. 5 Blessed be 
the Trinity. 



i Ps. Ixxvi. 14-16. 2 Dan. iii. 52. 3 Ps. xlvii. 2. 4 Ps. cxlvi. 5. 

s Communicatio. The distinctive property of the Holy Ghost, according to the Greek 
Fathers, is to be the Sanctifying Power of the Father and the Son, the substantial Gift whereby 
we are made " partakers of the Divine Nature." 



TRINITY SUNDAY. 



21 



Psalm XCV. 
O sing unto the Lord, &c., (p. 148.) 

Second Antiphon. The Father is 
Truth ; the Son is Truth ; the Holy 
Ghost is Truth. Blessed be the 
Trinity. 

Psalm XCV I. 
The LORD reigneth, &c., (p. 149.) 

Third Antiphon. The Being of 
the Father, and of the Son, and of 
the Holy Ghost, is ONE. Blessed 
be the Trinity. 



Psalm XCVIL 
O sing unto the LORD, &c., (p. 157.) 

Verse. x By the Word of the LORD 
were the heavens made. 

Answer. And all the host of them 
by the Breath of His mouth. 

Seventh Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Holy 
Gospel according to Matthew (xxviii. 
18.) 

A T that time : JESUS said unto His 
^^ disciples : All power is given 
unto Me in heaven and in earth. Go 
ye, therefore, and teach all nations, 
baptizing them in the Name of the 
Father, and of the Son, and of the 
Holy Ghost. And so on. 

Homily by St Gregory of Nazi- 
anzus, Patriarch [of Constantinople.] 
(Treatise on the Faith.} 

There is no Catholic but knoweth 
that the Father is a Very Father, 
the Son a Very Son, and the Holy 
Ghost a Very Holy Ghost, even as 
the Lord Himself saith unto His 
Apostles : " Go ye and baptize all 

1 Ps. xxxii. 6. 



nations in the Name of the Father, 
and of the Son, and of the Holy 
Ghost." This is that Perfect Trinity 
Who is but ONE BEING, and of 
Whom therefore we testify that His 
Substance is ONE. For we make 
no division in God, as divisions are 
made in bodies, but we testify, that, 
according to the power of the Divine 
Nature, Which standeth not in matter, 
the Persons named have a real exist 
ence, and that GOD is ONE. 

Seventh Responsory. 

Bless we the Father, and the Son, 
and the Holy Ghost. Let us praise 
and exalt Him above all for ever. 

Verse. 2 Blessed art Thou, O Lord, 
in the firmament of heaven, and above 
all to be praised and glorified for ever. 

Answer. Let us praise and exalt 
Him above all for ever. 



Eighth Lesson. 

A1TE do not say, as some have 
* * dreamt, that the Begetting of 
the Son of GOD is an outgrowing 
from one part to another part : neither 
do we say that He is the Word in 
the sense of a mere sound uttered 
by a voice, but we do believe that 
these three Names and the Persons 
meant by them are all of only One 
Being, One Majesty, and One Power. 
And therefore we testify that God is 
ONE, because this ONE-ness of His 
Majesty forbiddeth that we should 
use the Plural form of speech and 
say, " Gods." It is Catholic language 
to say, " Father and Son," but we 
cannot and must not say that the 
Father and the Son are two gods. 
And that, not because the Son of 
God is not by Himself God yea, 
He is Very God of Very God but 
because we know that the Son of 

2 Dan. iii. 56. 



218 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



God is not from elsewhere, but from 
the One Father Himself, and there 
fore we say that God is ONE. This 
is the doctrine which Prophets and 
Apostles have delivered ; this is the 
doctrine which the Lord Himself 
taught when He said, " I and the 
Father are ONE," (John x. 30,) that 
is, He meant, as touching the ONE 
Divine Being, but as touching Per 
sons, We are distinct. 

Eighth Responsory. 

1 One Seraph cried unto another 
Holy, Holy, Holy is the LORD God 
of hosts : the whole earth is full of 
His glory. 

Verse. 2 There are Three That 
bear record in heaven, the Father, 
the Word, and the Holy Ghost : and 
these Three are One. 

Answer. Holy, Holy, Holy is the 
LORD God of hosts : 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer. The whole earth is full 
of His glory. 

Ninth Lesson. (Homily for the First 
Sunday after Pentecost. ) 

The Lesson is taken from the Holy 
Gospel according to Luke (vi. 36.) 

AT that time : JESUS said unto His 
disciples : Be ye merciful, as 
your Father also is merciful. And 
so on. 

Homily by St Austin, Bishop [of 
Hippo.] (\$th Sermon on Matthew, 
Words of the Lord.} 



There are two works of mercy 
which free us, and which the Lord 
Himself hath briefly named in the 
Gospel " Forgive, and ye shall be 
forgiven : give, and it shall be given 
unto you." " Forgive, and ye shall 
be forgiven " such is the promise of 
pardon. " Give, and it shall be given 
unto you " such is the promise of 
favour. As touching forgiveness ; thou 
hast trespasses which thou wouldest 
fain have forgiven, and them which 
have trespassed against thee, whom 
thou canst forgive. As touching 
favour, there are beggars that beg 
from thee, and thou art a beggar 
to God. When we pray, we are all 
beggars to God, standing at the 
door of the Great Householder, yea, 
falling down on our knees, and be 
seeching Him to give us somewhat ; 
and that somewhat is God Himself. 
What doth a beggar ask of thee ? 
Bread. And what dost thou ask of 
God but that Christ Who saith : "I 
am the Living Bread Which came 
down from heaven ? " If ye will 
be forgiven, forgive ye. If ye will 
be pardoned, pardon ye. If ye will 
receive, "give, and it shall be given 
unto you." 



The Hymn, "We praise Thee, 
God, &c.," is said. 







LAUDS. 

First Antiphon.^ 

i. Holy, Holy, Holy! * Lord God Al 
mighty ! 

Early in the morning our song shall rise 
to Thee ! 

Holy, Holy, Holy ! Merciful and Mighty ! 

God in Three Persons, Blessed Trinity ! 



1 Isa. vi. 3. 2 t j hn v. 7. 

3 The first four Antiphons are Doxologies to the Most Holy Trinity in verse, being apparently 
the last verses of Hymns. They are in different measures, of no literary merit, and almost 
quite the same in sense, and the translator has ventured to represent them by the above four 
homogeneous Doxologies by Bp. Heber, constituting his Hymn for Trinity Sunday. For a 
literal translation, see Appendix. 



TRINITY SUNDAY. 



219 



Second Antiphon. 

2. Holy, Holy, Holy! * All the Saints 

adore Thee, 
Casting down their golden crowns around 

the glassy sea ; 
Cherubim and Seraphim falling down 

before Thee, 
Which wert, and art, and evermore 

shall be. 

Third Antiphon. 

3. Holy, Holy, Holy ! * though the dark 

ness hide Thee, 

Though the eye of sinful man Thy glory 
may not see, 

Only Thou art Holy : there is none be 
side Thee 

Perfect in power, in love, in purity ! 

Fourth Antiphon. 

4. Holy, Holy, Holy! * Lord God Al 

mighty ! 
All Thy works shall praise Thy Name, 

in earth, and sky, and sea ! 
Holy, Holy, Holy! Merciful and Mighty, 
God in Three Persons, Blessed Trinity ! 

Fifth Antiphon. l Of Him, and 
through Him, and to Him, are all 
things ; * to Whom be glory for 
ever. 

Chapter. (Rom. xi. 33.) 

r\ THE depth of the riches both of 
^^^ the wisdom and knowledge of 
God ! How unsearchable are His 
judgments, and His ways past finding 
out! 

Hymn? 

r\ THOU Who dost all nature sway, 

Dread Trinity in Unity ! 
Accept the trembling praise we pay 
To Thy Eternal Majesty ! 

The star that heralds in the morn 

Is fading in the skies ; 

The darkness melts ; O Thou True Light, 

Once more on us arise ! 

To God the Father glory be ; 
And Sole Eternal Son ; 
All Glory, Holy Ghost, to Thee, 
While endless ages run. Amen. 



Verse. Bless we the Father, and 
the Son, and the Holy Ghost. 

Answer. Let us praise and exalt 
Him above all for ever. 

Antiphon at the Song of Zacharias. 
Blessed be the Holy One, the Maker 
and Lord of all things ! Blessed be 
the Holy and Undivided Trinity, now 
and always, and unto unending ages 
of ages. 

Prayer throughout tJie day. 

A LMIGHTY and everlasting God, 
^~*- Who hast given unto Thy ser 
vants grace by the confession of a true 
faith to acknowledge the glory of the 
Eternal Trinity, and in the power of 
the Divine Majesty to worship the 
Unity ; we beseech Thee that Thou 
wouldest keep us steadfast in this 
faith, and evermore defend us from 
all adversities. Through our Lord 
JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who liveth 
and reigneth with Thee, in the unity 
of the Holy Ghost, one God, world 
without end. Amen. 

The following Commemoration is made 
of the First Sunday after Pentecost. 

Antiphon. 3 Be ye therefore merci 
ful, as your Father also is merciful 
saith the Lord. 

Verse. The LORD reigneth ; He is 
clothed with majesty. 

Answer. The LORD is clothed with 
strength, and has girded Himself with 
power. 

Let us pray. 

C\ GOD, the Strength of all them 
that put their trust in Thee, 
mercifully accept our prayers, and 
because through the weakness of our 
mortal nature we can do no good 



1 Rom. xi. 36. 

2 The original is taken, with alterations, from two hymns of the Ambrosian school ; transla 
tion by the Rev. E. Caswall. 3 Luke vi. 36. 



22O 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



thing without Thee, grant us the 
help of Thy grace, that in keeping 
of Thy commandments we may please 
Thee, both in will and deed. Through 
our Lord JESUS Christ, Thy Son, Who 
liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the 
unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world 
without end. Amen. 



PRIME. 

Antiphon. Holy, &c., (First Anti 
phon at Lauds.} 

The Psalms are LIII. and the two 
first parts of C XVI II. 

The Creed of St Athanasius is said. 

Chapter at the end. (i John v. 7.) 

"THERE are Three That bear record 
in heaven, the Father, the Word, 
and the Holy Ghost, and these Three 
are One. 

TERCE. 

Antiphon. Holy, &c., (Second 
Antiphon at Lauds.} 

Chapter from Lauds. 

Short Responsory. 

Bless we the Father, and the Son, 
and the Holy Ghost. 

Answer. Bless we the Father, and 
the Son, and the Holy Ghost. 

Verse. Let us praise and exalt Him 
above all for ever. 

Answer. And the Holy Ghost. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, and 
to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost. 

Answer. Bless we the Father, and 
the Son, and the Holy Ghost. 

Verse. Blessed art Thou, O Lord, 
in the firmament of heaven. 

Answer. And to be praised and 
glorified for ever. 



SEXT. 



Antiphon. Holy, 
Antiphon at Lauds.} 



&c., ( Third 



Chapter. (2 Cor. xiii. 13.) 

HP HE grace of our Lord JESUS 
Christ, and the love of God, 
and the communion of the Holy 
Ghost, be with you all. Amen. 

Short Responsory. 

Blessed art Thou, O Lord, in the 
firmament of heaven. 

Answer. Blessed art Thou, O Lord, 
in the firmament of heaven. 

Verse. And to be praised and glori 
fied for ever. 

Answer. In the firmament of 
heaven. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, and 
to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost. 

Answer. Blessed art Thou, O Lord, 
in the firmament of heaven. 

Verse. By the W T ord of the LORD 
were the heavens made. 

Answer. And all the host of them 
by the Breath of His mouth. 



Antiphon. Of Him, &c., (Fifth 
Antiphon at Lauds.} 

Chapter as at the end of Prime. 

Short Responsory. 

By the Word of the LORD were the 
heavens made. 

Answer. By the Word of the 
LORD were the heavens made. 

Verse. And all the host of them 
by the Breath of His mouth. 

Answer. Were the heavens made. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, and 
to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost. 

Answer. By the Word of the 
LORD were the heavens made. 



FIRST WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 



221 



Verse. Blessed be the Name of 
the LORD. 

Answer. From henceforth, now, 
and for ever. 

SECOND VESPERS. 

All the same as First Vespers, ex 
cept the following : 

Verse. Blessed art Thou, O Lord, 
in the firmament of heaven. 

Answer. And to be praised and 
glorified for ever. 

Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed 
Virgin. With all our heart and with 
all our voice do we acknowledge Thee, 
praise Thee, and bless Thee, O God 
the Father the Unbegotten, O God 
the Only-Begotten Son, O God the 
Holy Ghost the Comforter, One Holy 
and Undivided Trinity ! To Thee be 
glory for ever ! 

The following is the Commemoration of 
the First Sunday after Pentecost. 

Antiphon. * Judge not, that ye be 
not judged : for with what judgment 
ye judge, ye shall be judged, saith 
the Lord. 

Verse. Let my prayer, O Lord, be 
set forth. 

Answer. As incense before Thee. 

Prayer as at the Commemoration of 
Lauds. 



Second Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

Here beginneth the First Book of 
Kings (Samuel) (i. 1-3.) 



2 ^^ OW there was a certain man of 
Ramathaim-Zophim, of Mount 
Ephraim, and his name was Elkanah, 
the son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, 
the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an 
Ephrathite ; and he had two wives ; 
the name of the one was Hannah, 
and the name of the other Peninnah. 
And Peninnah had children, but 
Hannah had no children. And this 
man went up out of his city on the 
appointed days, to worship, and to 
sacrifice unto the LORD of hosts in 
Shiloh. And the two sons of Eli, 
Hophni and Phinehas, the Priests of 
the LORD, were there. 

First Responsory. 

3 Prepare your hearts unto the 
LORD, and serve Him Only ; and 
He will deliver you out of the hand 
of your enemies. 

Verse. Return unto Him with all 
your hearts, and put away the strange 
gods from among you. 

Answer. And He will deliver you 
out of the hand of your enemies. 

Second Lesson. ( 4- 8 . ) 

AND when the time was that 
Elkanah offered, he gave to 
Peninnah his wife, and to all her 
sons and her daughters, portions ; 
but unto Hannah he gave one por 
tion, sorrowing, for he loved Hannah. 
But the LORD had shut up her womb. 
Her adversary also provoked her sore, 
and made her fret, even unto reviling 
her, because that the LORD had shut 
up her womb : and as she did so 
year by year, when the time came 
and they went up unto the Temple 



1 Matth. vii. i, 2. 

2 The course of the Sacred History is here resumed, after a gap covering many centuries, 
probably over three from the colonization of Palestine. (The history of the omitted period is 
contained in the Pentateuch and the Books of Joshua and Judges.) The four Books of Kings 
contain the history from the birth of Samuel (about B.C. 1170) to the capture of Jerusalem 
by the Babylonians (about B.C. 588.) Who composed these Books is unknown. 



i Kings (Sam.) vii. 3. 
VOL. III. 



H 2 



222 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



of the LORD, so she provoked her. 
Therefore she wept and did not eat. 
Then said Elkanah her husband unto 
her : Hannah, why weepest thou, and 
why eatest thou not ? and why is 
thy heart grieved ? Am not I better 
to thee than ten sons ? 

Second Responsory. 

God, Which heareth all, even He 
sent His Angel, and took me from 
keeping my father s sheep, and 
anointed me with the oil of His 
mercy. 

Verse. l The LORD That delivered 
me out of the mouth of the lion, and 
out of the paw of the bear, 

Answer. And anointed me with 
the oil of His mercy. 

Third Lesson. (9-11.) 

CO Hannah rose up after she had 
^ eaten in Shiloh, and after she 
had drunk. Now Eli the PRIEST 
sat upon a seat before the door 
posts of the Temple of the LORD. 
And Hannah was in bitterness of 
soul, and prayed unto the LORD, 
and wept sore ; and she vowed a 
vow, and said : O LORD of hosts, 
if Thou wilt indeed look upon the 
affliction of Thine handmaid, and 
remember me, and not forget Thine 
handmaid, but wilt give unto Thine 
handmaid a man-child, then I will 
give him unto the LORD all the 
days of his life, and there shall no 
razor come upon his head. 

Third Responsory. 

The LORD That delivered me out 
of the mouth of the lion, and out of 
the paw of the bear He will deliver 
me out of the hand of mine enemies. 



Verse. 2 God hath sent forth His 
mercy and His truth, and delivered 
my soul from among the lion s whelps. 

Answer. He will deliver me out 
of the hand of mine enemies. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer. He will deliver me out 
of the hand of mine enemies. 



Third Day. 
MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the First 
Book of Kings (i. 12-18.) 

A ND it came to pass, as she con- 
^^ tinued praying before the LORD, 
that Eli marked her mouth. Now, 
Hannah, she spake in her heart, and 
only her lips moved, but her voice was 
not heard. Therefore Eli thought she 
had been drunken, and said unto her : 
How long wilt thou be drunken ? 
Cease for a while to soak thyself 
with wine. And Hannah answered 
and said : No, my lord ; for I am 
a woman exceeding sorrowful ; I 
have drunk neither wine nor strong 
drink, but have poured out my soul 
before the LORD. Count not thine 
handmaid for a daughter of Belial ; 3 
for out of the abundance of my 
complaint and grief have I spoken 
hitherto. Then Eli said unto her : 
Go in peace ; and the God of Israel 
grant thee thy petition that thou 
hast asked of Him. And she said : 
Let thine handmaid find grace in 
thy sight. 



i Kings (Sam.) xvii. 37. 



2 Ps. Ivi. 4, 5. 



3 I.e., lit. "the worthless one." 



FIRST WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 



223 



First Responsory. 

1 Saul hath slain his thousands, 
and David his ten thousands. Be 
cause the hand of the Lord was 
with him, he smote the Philistine, and 
took away the reproach from Israel. 

Verse. Is not this David ? Did 
they not sing one to another of him 
in dances, saying : Saul hath slain 
his thousands, and David his ten 
thousands ? 

Answer. Because the hand of the 
Lord was with him, he smote the 
Philistine, and took away the re 
proach from Israel. 



Second Lesson. (18-22.) 

OO the woman went her way, and 
did eat, and her countenance 
was no more sad. And they rose 
up in the morning early, and wor 
shipped before the LORD ; and re 
turned and came to their house in 
Ramah. And Elkanah knew Hannah 
his wife, and the LORD remembered 
her. Wherefore it came to pass, 
when the time was come about, that 
Hannah conceived, and bare a son, 
and called his name Samuel, 2 be 
cause she had asked him of the 
LORD. And the man Elkanah and 
all his house went up to offer unto 
the LORD the solemn sacrifice, and 
his vow, but Hannah went not up ; 
for she said unto her husband : I 
will not go up until the child be 
weaned, and then I will bring him, 
that he may appear before the LORD, 
and there abide for ever. 



Second Responsory. 

3 Ye mountains of Gilboa, let there 
be no dew, neither let there be rain 



upon you for there are the mighty 
of Israel fallen ! 

Verse. All ye mountains that stand 
round about, the Lord look upon you ! 
but let Him pass by Gilboa ! 

Answer. For there are the mighty 
of Israel fallen ! 



Third Lesson. (23-28.) 



A 1 



ND Elkanah her husband said 
unto her : Do what seemeth 
thee good, and tarry until thou have 
weaned him, and I pray that the 
LORD may fulfil His word. So the 
woman abode and gave her son suck 
until she weaned him. And when she 
had weaned him, she took him up 
with her, with three bullocks, and 
three measures of flour, and a bottle 
of wine, and brought him unto the 
house of the LORD in Shiloh. And 
the child was young. And they slew 
a bullock, and brought the child to 
Eli. And Hannah said : O, my lord ; 
as thy soul liveth, my lord ; I am the 
woman that stood by thee here, pray 
ing unto the LORD. For this child 
I prayed, and the LORD hath given 
me my petition which I asked of Him. 
Therefore also I have lent him to the 
LORD for all the days wherein he 
shall be lent unto the LORD. And 
they worshipped the LORD there. 

Third Responsory. 

Thus saith the LORD : I took thee 4 
out of thy father s house, and ap 
pointed thee to be ruler over My 
people, over Israel. And I was with 
thee whithersoever thou wentest, to 
establish thy kingdom for ever. 

Verse. And I have made thee a 
great name, like unto the name of 
the great men that are in the earth ; 



1 From the women s song on the death of Goliath. See i Kings (Sam.) xviii. 7, xvii. 26, 
i. ii. * I.e., "heard of God." 

3 From David s poem on the death of Saul and Jonathan. See 2 Kings (Sam.) i. 21. 

4 I.e., David, 2 Kings (Sam.) vii. 8, 9, n, 13. 



224 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



and have caused thee to rest from all 
thine enemies. 

Answer. And I was with thee 
whithersoever thou wentest, to estab 
lish thy kingdom for ever. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer. And I was with thee 
whithersoever thou wentest, to estab 
lish thy kingdom for ever. 



Fourth Day. 

MATTINS. 
First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the First 
Book of Kings (ii. 12-14.) 

1\T OW the sons of Eli were sons of 
^ Belial ; they knew not the 
LORD, nor the Priests duty toward 
the people : but, when any man offered 
sacrifice, the Priest s servant came 
while the flesh was in seething, with 
a flesh-hook of three teeth in his hand ; 
and he struck it into the pan, or kettle, 
or cauldron, or pot ; all that the flesh- 
hook brought up, the Priest took for 
himself. So they did unto all Israel 
that came unto Shiloh. 1 

First Responsory. 

My sins are many, yea, they are 
more in number than the sands of the 
sea ; I am not worthy to look up to 
ward heaven because of the multitude 
of my iniquities ; for I have provoked 
Thee to anger, and done evil in Thy 
sight. 

Verse. 2 For I acknowledge my 
transgression, and my sin is ever be 



fore me, for against Thee only have I 
sinned, 

Answer. And done evil in Thy 
sight. 

Second Lesson . (15-17.) 

A LSO before they burnt the fat, 3 
^"*" the Priest s servant came, and 
said to the man that sacrificed : Give 
me flesh to cook for the Priest ; for I 
will not have cooked flesh of thee, but 
raw. And he that sacrificed said unto 
him : Let the fat first be burnt this 
day, as the custom is ; and then take 
as much as thy soul desireth. Then 
he answered and said unto him : Nay, 
but thou shalt give it me now, and if 
not, I will take it by force. Where 
fore the sin of the young men was 
very great before the LORD, for they 
made men to abhor the offering of the 
LORD. 

Second Responsory.^ 

O Lord, Thou hast hearkened unto 
the prayer of Thy servant, that I 
might build a temple unto Thy Name, 
O God of Israel, bless Thou, and 
hallow this house for ever ! 

Verse. O Lord, Who keepest cov 
enant with Thy servants that walk 
before Thee in all their heart. 

Answer. O God of Israel, bless 
Thou, and hallow this house for ever ! 

Third Lesson. (18-21.) 

T)UT Samuel ministered before the 
*-* LORD, being a child, girded with 
a linen ephod. 5 Moreover, his mother 
made him a little coat, and brought 
it to him from year to year, when she 
came up with her husband to offer the 
solemn sacrifice. And Eli blessed 

2 Ps. 1. 5, 6. 



1 To see their iniquity, read Lev. vii. 29-37. 
s Concerning this accusation see Lev. iii. 3-5, vii. 31. 

4 Founded on Solomon s Prayer at the Dedication of the Temple, 3(1) Kings vin. 23. 
A thing something like a dalmatic without sleeves. It reached towards the knees. 



FIRST WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 



225 



Elkanah and his wife, and said unto 
him : The LORD give thee seed of this 
woman, for the loan which thou hast 
lent to the LORD. And they went unto 
their own home. The LORD there 
fore visited Hannah, and she con 
ceived, and bare three sons and two 
daughters : and the child Samuel 
grew before the LORD. 

Third Responsory.^ 

Hearken, O LORD, unto the cry 
and to the prayer which Thy servant 
prayeth before Thee to-day, that Thine 
eyes may be open and Thine ears 
attent toward this house day and 
night. 

Verse. Look down from Thine high 
and holy place, O LORD, even from 
heaven Thy dwelling, 

Answer. Toward this house, day 
and night. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 



and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer. Toward this house day 
and night. 

At the beginning of the Martyrology 
is said, 

The morrow is the Feast of the 
Most Holy Body of Christ. 



The next day, being Thursday, is 
kept the Feast of Corpus Christi, a 
Double of the First Class. It can 
not be displaced. If a Feast of a 
Doctor of the Church or of the rank of 
Greater Double or higher fall on the 
same day, it is transferred to the first 
unoccupied day after the Octave of 
Corpus Christi. Any other Feast so 
falling is left unnoticed. The Vespers 
071 Wednesday evening are the First 
Vespers of Corpus Christi. 



i From Solomon s Prayer at the Dedication of the Temple. 2 Par. (Chron.) vi. 40; 3 (i; 
Kings viii. 28. 



226 



of CTorpug firtett 

Feast of the Body of Christ.^ 
Double of tJie First Class. 



All as on Sundays except the fol 
lowing* 

Note. When this Office is used as a 
Votive Office out of Paschal-time, the 
word " Alleluia " is omitted wherever 
it is here given in brackets, [ ], but 
when so used within Paschal-time the 
aforesaid word is i?iserted whenever 
given thus, "* P. T. Alleluia," in 
addition to the others. The further 
changes required in the Votive Office 
are given in a Note at the end? 



FIRST VESPERS. 

Chapter and Prayer from Lauds. 

First Antiphon. 3 Christ the Lord, 
being made an High Priest for ever * 
after the order of Melchisedec, hath 
offered bread and wine. * P. T. 
Alleluia. 

Second Antiphon. He hath made 
His wonderful works to be remem 
bered ; * the LORD is [gracious and] 
full of compassion. He hath given 
meat unto them that fear Him. * P. 
T. Alleluia. 



Third Antiphon. I 
cup of salvation, * and 
fice of thanksgiving. 



will take the 
offer the sacri 
* P. T. Alleluia. 



Psalm CXV. 

I believed, therefore have I spoken, 
&c, (p. 185.) 

Fourth Antiphon. Let the children 
of the Church be like olive-plants * 
round about the table of the Lord. 
* P. T. Alleluia. 



Psalm CXXVII. 
Blessed is every one, &c.. (/. 191.) 

Fifth Antiphon. The Lord, That 
maketh peace in the borders of the 
Church, * filleth her with the finest of 
the wheat. * P. T. Alleluia. 

Psalm CXLVII. 

Praise the LORD, O Jerusalem, &c., 

(p. 203.) 



1 /.., as really present in the Most Holy Sacrament of the Altar. 

2 As to the omission and addition of the Alleluia in the Votive Office the divergence of the 
authorities consulted by the translator causes him some uneasiness. In this translation the 
sense of the majority is followed. 

3 Heb. vi. 20 ; Gen. xiv. 18. 



CORPUS CHRISTI. 



227 



Hymn. 1 

QF the glorious Body telling, 

O my tongue, Its mystery sing ; 
And the Blood, all price excelling, 

Which for this world s ransoming 
In a noble womb once dwelling 

He shed forth, the Gentiles King. 

Given for us, for us descending 

Of a Virgin to proceed, 
Man with man in converse blending 

Scattered He the Gospel seed : 
Till His sojourn drew to ending 

Which He closed in wondrous deed. 

At the Last Great Supper seated, 
Circled by His brethren s band, 

All the Law required, completed, 
In the Feast its statutes planned, 

To the twelve Himself He meted 

For their Food, with His own Hand. 

Word made Flesh, by word He maketh 

Very bread His Flesh to be ; 
Man for wine Christ s Blood partaketh ; 

And if senses fail to see, 
Faith alone the true heart waketh 

To behold the Mystery. 

Therefore, we, before It bending, 

This great Sacrament adore : 
Types and shadows have their ending 

In the new rite evermore : 
Faith, our outward sense amending, 

Maketh good defects before. 

Honour, laud, and praise addressing 

To the Father and the Son, 
Might ascribe we, virtue, blessing, 

And eternal benison : 
Holy Ghost, from Both progressing, 

Equal laud to Thee be done. Amen. 

Verse. 2 Thou didst send them 
from heaven [Alleluia.] 

Answer. Bread able to content 
every man s delight [Alleluia.] 



Thy children when Thou didst send 
them from heaven bread tempering 
itself to every man s liking, O Thou, 
Who hast filled the hungry with good 
things, and the rich, that are proud 
in the imagination of their hearts, Thou 
hast sent empty away. * [P. T. 
Alleluia.] 

At Compline and every other Office 
throughout the Feast and Octave the 
last verse of the Hymn is altered in 
honour of the Incarnation, excepting 
only the three Hymns proper to the 
Feast. 

MATTINS. 

Invitatory. O come, and let us 
worship Christ, 

Of all the nations Lord,* 
Who doth, to them that feed on Him, 

The Bread of Life afford. 
* P. T. Alleluia. 



Hymn.^ 

T ET old things pass away ; 

Let all be fresh and bright ; 
And welcome we with hearts renewed 
This Feast of new delight. 

Upon this hallowed eve, 
Christ with His brethren ate, 

Obedient to the olden Law, 
The Pasch before Him set. 

Which done, Himself entire, 

The True Incarnate God, 
Alike on each, alike on all, 

His sacred Hands bestowed. 

He gave His Flesh ; He gave 
His Precious Blood ; and said : 

" Receive an.d drink ye all of This 
For your salvation shed." 



Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed 
Virgin. 3 O Lord, how kindly is Thy 



Thus did the Lord appoint 
This Sacrifice sublime, 

And made His Priests the ministers 
Through all the bounds of time. 

1 Hymn by St Thomas Aquinas ; translation by the late Dr Neale (two words altered, noble 
for generous," as a translation of " generosi " in the ist, and " for for in in the 4 th. ) 

2 Wisd. xvi. 20. Wisd. xh. i ; xvi. 21. 
4 Hymn by St Thomas Aquinas ; translation by the Rev. b. Caswall. 



Spirit ! * even Thine, Whose sus 
tenance declared Thy sweetness unto 



228 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



Farewell to types ! henceforth 

We feed on Angels Food ; 
The slave O, wonder ! eats the Flesh 

Of his Incarnate God ! 

O Blessed Three in One ! 

Visit our hearts, we pray, 
And lead us on through Thine own paths 

To Thy eternal day. Amen. 



FIRST NOCTURN. 

In Paschal-time only one Antiphon, 
namely the First, is said at each Noc- 
turn. 

First Antiphon. The Lord brought 
forth His fruit in the season of His 
death, * even that fruit whereof if any 
man eat, he shall live for ever. 1 * P. 
T. Alleluia. 

Psalm I. 
Blessed is the man, &c., (/. 4.) 

Second Antiphon. His faithful ones 
which are increased by the fruit of His 
corn and His wine * do lay them 
down in peace and sleep in Christ. 

Psalm IV. 
When I called, &c., (p. 206.) 

Third Antiphon. 2 Us, being many, 
hath the Lord made one body, * for 
we are all partakers of that one cup, 
which is not the communion of the 
blood of bulls, but of God Himself. 

Psalm XV. 
Preserve me, O Lord, &c., (p. 12.) 

Verse. 3 He gave them of the bread 
of heaven [Alleluia.] 

Answer. Man did eat Angels 
bread [Alleluia. ] 



First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the First 
Epistle of the Blessed Apostle Paul 
to the Corinthians (xi. 20.) 

"\X7"HEN ye come together, there 
fore, into one place, this is not 
to eat the Lord s Supper. For every 
one taketh before his own supper to 
eat, and one is hungry, and another 
is drunken. What ! have ye not 
houses to eat and to drink in ? or 
despise ye the Church of God, and 
shame them that have not ? What 
shall I say to you ? Do I praise you ? 
In this I praise you not. 

First Responsory. 

4 The whole assembly of the children 
of Israel shall kill the lamb toward 
the evening of the Passover. And 
they shall eat the flesh, and unleavened 
bread. * P. T. Alleluia. 

Verse. 5 Even Christ our Pass 
over is sacrificed for us ; therefore let 
us keep the feast with the unleavened 
bread of sincerity and truth. 

Answer. And they shall eat the 
flesh, and unleavened bread. * P. T. 
Alleluia. 

Second Lesson. 

IpOR I have received of the Lord 
that which also I delivered unto 
you, That the Lord JESUS, the same 
night in which He was betrayed, took 
bread ; and, when He had given 
thanks, He brake it, and said : Take, 
eat: This is My Body, Which shall 
be given for you ; this do in re 
membrance of Me. After the same 
manner also He took the cup, when 
He had supped, saying : This Cup is 
the New Testament in My Blood. 
This do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in 
remembrance of Me. For as often as 



1 John vi. 51. 
4 Exod. xii. 6, 



2 i Cor. x. 17 ; Heb. ix. 13, 14. 
5 i Cor. v. 7, 8. 



3 Ps. Ixxvii. 24, 25. 



CORPUS CHRISTI. 



229 



ye eat this Bread, and drink this Cup, 
ye do show the Lord s death till He 
come. 

Second Responsory. 

1 Ye shall eat flesh, and shall be 
filled with bread. * This is the bread 
which the LORD hath given you to eat. 
* P. T. Alleluia. 

Verse. 2 Moses gave you not that 
Bread from heaven, but My Father 
giveth you the true Bread from heaven. 

Answer. This is the bread which 
the LORD hath given you to eat. * 
P. T. Alleluia. 



of that meat [forty days and forty 
nights] unto the mount of God. 

* P. T. Alleluia. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, and 
to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost. 

Answer. And went in the strength 
of that meat [forty days and forty 
nights] unto the mount of God. 

* P. T. Alleluia. 



SECOND NOCTURN. 

First Antiphon. The Lord remem 
ber our offering, * and accept our 
burnt-sacrifice. * P. T. Alleluia. 



Third Lesson. 



whosoever shall 
eat this Bread, or drink the 
Cup of the Lord, unworthily, shall be 
guilty of the Body and Blood of the 
Lord. But let a man examine himself, 
and so let him eat of that Bread, and 
drink of that Cup. For he that eateth 
and drinketh unworthily, eateth and 
drinketh damnation to himself, not 
discerning the Lord s Body. For this 
cause many are weak and sickly among 
you, and many sleep. For if we 
would judge ourselves, we should not 
be judged. But when we are judged, 
we are chastened of the Lord, that 
we should not be condemned with the 
world. 

Third Responsory. 

3 Elijah looked, and, behold, there 
was a cake baken on the coals at 
his head, and he arose, and did eat 
and drink ; and went in the strength 
of that meat [forty days and forty 
nights] unto the mount of God. 
* P. T. Alleluia. 

Verse. 4 If any man eat of this 
Bread, he shall live for ever. 

Answer. And went in the strength 



Psalm XIX. 
The LORD hear thee, c., (p 18.) 

Second Antiphon. The Lord pre- 
pareth His Table before us * in the 
presence of our enemies. 

Psalm XXII. 

The LORD is my Shepherd, &c., 
(A 47-) 

Third Antiphon. Let them that 
keep holiday around the table of the 
Lord * make the voice of joy and 
praise to be heard [in the house of 
God.] 

Psalm XLI. 
As the hart panteth, c., (p. 95.) 

Verse. 5 He fed them with the 
finest of the wheat [Alleluia.] 

Answer. And with honey out of 
the Rock did He satisfy them 
[Alleluia.] 

Fotirth Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Ser 
mons of St Thomas of Aquino. 6 



1 Exod. xvi. 12, 15. 
4 John vi. 51. 



2 John vi. 32. 3 3 (i) Kings xix. 6, 

5 Ps. Ixxx. 17. 6 March 7. 



230 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



h or 57^ of his Opuscula, or 
Lesser Works.} 

""PHE immeasurable benefits, which 
the goodness of God hath be 
stowed on Christian people, have 
conferred on them also a dignity 
beyond all price. " For what nation 
is there so great, who hath gods so 
nigh unto them, as the LORD, our 
God, is" unto us? (Deut. iv. 7.) 
The Only-begotten Son of God, being 
pleased to make us " partakers of 
the Divine nature," (2 Pet. i. 4,) 
took our nature upon Him, being 
Himself made Man that He might 
make men gods. And all, as much 
of ours as He took, He applied to 
our salvation. On the Altar of the 
Cross He offered up His Body to 
God the Father as a sacrifice for 
our reconciliation ; He shed His 
Blood as the price whereby He re- 
deemeth us from wretchedness and 
bondage, and the washing whereby 
He cleanseth us from all sin. And 
for a noble and abiding memorial 
of that so great work of His good 
ness, He hath left unto His faithful 
ones the Same His very Body for 
Meat, and the Same His very Blood 
for Drink, to be fed upon under the 
appearance of bread and wine. 



Fourth Responsory. 

1 As they were eating, JESUS took 
bread, and blest it, and brake it, 
and gave it to the disciples, and 
said : Take, eat ; this is My Body. 
* P. T. Alleluia. 

Verse. 2 The men of my taber 
nacle said : O that we had of his 
flesh ! w r e cannot be satisfied. 

Answer. Take, eat ; this is My 
Body. * P. T. Alleluia. 



Fifth Lesson. 

C\ HOW precious a thing then, how 
^^ marvellous, how health-giving, 
how furnished with all dainties, is 
the Supper [of the Lord !] Than 
His Supper can anything be more 
precious ? Therein there is put be 
fore us for meat, not, as of old 
time, the flesh of bulls and of goats, 
but Christ Himself, our very God. 
Than this Sacrament can anything 
be more marvellous ? Therein it 
cometh to pass that bread and wine 
are bread and wine no more, but in 
the stead thereof there is the Body 
and there is the Blood of Christ ; 3 
that is to say, Christ Himself, Per 
fect God and Perfect Man, Christ 
Himself is there, under the appear 
ance of a little bread and wine. 
His faithful ones eat Him, but He 
is not mangled ; nay, when [the veil 
which shroudeth Him in] this Sac 
rament is broken, in each broken 
piece thereof remaineth whole Christ 
Himself, Perfect God and Perfect 
Man. All that the senses can reach 
in this Sacrament, [look, taste, feel, 
smell, and the like, all these] abide 
of bread and wine, but the Thing 
is not bread and wine. And thus 
room is left for faith ; Christ Who 
hath a Form That can be seen, is 
here taken and received not only 
unseen, but seeming to be bread 
and wine, and the senses, which 
judge by the wonted look, are war 
ranted against error. 

Fifth Responsory. 

4 JESUS took the cup, after supper, 
saying : This cup is the New Testa 
ment in My Blood. This do in re 
membrance of Me. * P. T. Alleluia. 
Verse. My soul hath them 5 still 



i Matth. xxvi. 26. 2 Job xxxi. 31. 

3 Panis et vinum in Christ! Corpus et Sanguinem substantialiter convertuntur. 

4 Luke xxii. 20, 19. 

5 Viz. , the affliction and the misery, the wormwood and the gall. See context in Lam. lii. 20. 



CORPUS CHRISTI. 



231 



in remembrance, and is humbled in 



me. 



Answer. This do in remembrance 
of Me. * P. T. Alleluia. 



Sixth Lesson. 



T 



HAN this Sacrament can any 
thing be more health - giving ? 
Thereby are sins purged away, 
strength renewed, and the soul fed 
upon the fatness of spiritual gifts. 
This Supper is offered up in the 
Church both for the quick and 
dead ; it was ordained to the health 
of all, all get the good of it. Than 
this Sacrament can anything be 
more furnished with dainties ? The 
glorious sweetness thereof is of a 
truth such that no man can fully 
tell it. Therein ghostly comfort is 
sucked from its very well - head. 
Therein a memorial is made of 
that exceeding great love which 
Christ showed in time of His suffer 
ings. It was in order that the 
boundless goodness of that His 
great love might be driven home 
into the hearts of His faithful ones, 
that when He had celebrated the 
Passover with His disciples, and the 
last Supper was ended, the Lord 
" JESUS, knowing that His hour was 
come that He should depart out of 
this world unto the Father, having 
loved His own which were in the 
world, He loved them unto the 
end," (John xiii. I,) and instituted 
this Sacrament, - - this Sacrament, 
the everlasting forth - " showing of 
His death until He come " again, 

(i Cor. xi. 26,) this Sacrament, 

the embodied fulfilment of all the 
ancient types and figures, - - this 
Sacrament, the greatest miracle which 
He ever wrought, and the one mighty 
joy of them that now have sorrow, 
till He shall come again, and their 

John vi. 48-51. 



heart shall rejoice, and their joy no 
man take from them. (John xvi. 22.) 

Sixth Responsory. 

1 I am that Bread of life. Your 
fathers did eat manna in the wilder 
ness, and are dead. This is the 
Bread Which cometh down from 
heaven, that a man may eat thereof, 
and not die. 

Verse. I am the living Bread 
Which came down from heaven ; if 
any man eat of this Bread, he shall 
live for ever. 

Answer. This is the Bread \Vhich 
cometh down from heaven, that a 
man may eat thereof, and not die. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer. This is the Bread Which 
cometh down from heaven, that a 
man may eat thereof, and not die. 

THIRD NOCTURN. 

First Antiphon. I will go unto 
the Altar of God ; * I will feed on 
Christ, Which is the Renewer of my 
youth. * P. T. Alleluia. 

Psalm XLII. 
Judge me, O God, &c., (p. 105.) 

Second Antiphon. The Lord hath 
fed us * with the finest of the wheat, 
and with honey out of the Rock 2 
hath He satisfied us. 

Psalm LXXX. 
Sing aloud unto God, &c., (p. 140.) 

Third Antiphon. It is at Thine 
Altar, O Lord, * that we do feed on 
Christ, for Whom our heart and our 
flesh crieth out. 

2 i Cor. x. 4. 



232 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON, 



Psalm LXXXIIL 

How lovely are Thy tabernacles, 
&c., (p. 142.) 

Verse. x Thou bringest forth food 
out of the earth ! [Alleluia.] 

Answer. And wine that maketh 
glad the heart of man. [Alleluia.] 

Seventh Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Holy 
Gospel according to John (vi. 56.) 

A T that time : JESUS said unto the 
*"* multitudes of the Jews : My 
Flesh is meat indeed, and My Blood 
is drink indeed. And so on. 

Homily by St Austin, Bishop [of 
Hippo.] (26th Tract on John.} 

By use of meat and drink men 
would fain that " they shall hunger no 
more, neither thirst any more," (Apoc. 
vii. 1 6,) and yet there is but one 
Meat and one Drink, Which doth work 
in them that feed thereon that " this 
corruptible must put on incorruption, 
and this mortal put on immortality," 
(i Cor. xv. 53,) namely communion 
with that general assembly 2 and 
Church of God s holy children, who 
are "kept in perfect peace," (Isa. xxvi. 
3,) and are "all one," (John xvii. 11,) 
fully and utterly. And therefore it is, 
as men of God before our time have 
taken it, that our Lord JESUS Christ 
hath set before us His Body and His 
Blood in the likeness of things which, 
from being many, are reduced into 
one. In one loaf are many grains of 
corn, and one cup of wine the juice 
of many grapes. And now He giveth 
us to know how that which He spake 
cometh to pass, and how indeed " this 
Man can give us His Flesh to eat," 
and His Blood to drink. 



Seventh Responsory. 

3 He that eateth My Flesh and 
drinketh My Blood, dwelleth in Me, 
and I in him. * P. T. Alleluia. 

Verse. 4 What nation is there so 
great, who hath gods so nigh unto 
them, as the LORD our God is to us ? 

Answer. Dwelleth in Me, and I 
in him. * P. T. Alleluia. 

Eighth Lesson. 

" LJE that eateth My Flesh, and 
1 X drinketh My Blood, dwelleth 
in Me, and I in him." To dwell in 
Christ, therefore, and to have Him 
dwelling in us, is to " eat of that Bread 
and drink of that Cup," (i Cor. xi. 
28,) and he which dwelleth not in 
Christ, and in whom Christ dwelleth 
not, without all doubt doth not 
spiritually eat His Flesh nor drink 
His Blood, although he do carnally 
and visibly press the Sacrament with 
his teeth ; but, contrariwise, he " eateth 
and drinketh damnation to himself," 
because he dareth to draw nigh filthy 
to that secret and holy thing of Christ, 
whereunto none draweth nigh worthily, 
save he which is pure, even he which 
is of them concerning whom it is 
said : " Blessed are the pure in heart, 
for they shall see God. (Matth. v. 8.) 

Eighth Responsory. 

5 As the living Father hath sent Me, 
and I live by the Father, so he that 
eateth Me, even he shall live by Me. 
* P. T. Alleluia. 

Verse. 6 With the bread of life 
and understanding hath the Lord fed 
him. 

Answer. So he that eateth Me, 
even he shall live by Me. * P. T. 
Alleluia. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 



1 Ps. ciii. 14, 15. 
4 Deut. iv. 7. 



- Heb. xii. 23. 
5 John vi. 58. 



"> John vi. 57. 
6 Ecclus. xv. 3. 



CORPUS CHRISTI. 



233 



and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer. So he -that eateth Me, 
even he shall live by Me. * P. T. 
Alleluia. 

Ninth Lesson. 

"AS the living Father hath sent Me, 
** and I live by the Father, so he 
that eateth Me, even he shall live by 
Me." This is as though He said: 
The Father hath sent Me into the 
world (John x. 36,) and I have emptied 
Myself [and taken upon Me the form 
of a servant, and being found in 
fashion as a man], (Phil. ii. 7, 8.) 
I have My life from the Father, as 
One That is greater than I. (John xiv. 
28.) He that eateth Me, even he, 
by thereby taking part in Me, shall 
live by Me. It is as having humbled 
Myself (Phil. ii. 8) that I live by the 
Father, but he that eateth Me, him 
will I raise up, (John vi. 55,) and so 
he shall live by Me. It is said : " I 
live by the Father ; " that is to say, 
He is of the Father, not the Father of 
Him, and yet not so, but that the 
Father and the Son are co-equal to 
gether. Also it is said : " So he that 
eateth Me, even he shall live by Me," 
whereby He showeth the gracious work 
towards His people of Him Who is 
the " one Mediator between God and 
man," (i Tim. ii. 5,) and not that He 
Which is eaten and he which eateth 
Him are co-equal together. 

The Hymn, "We praise Thee, O 
God, &c.," is said. 

LAUDS. 

First Antiphon. l Wisdom hath 
builded her house, * she hath mingled 
her wine, she hath also furnished her 
table. [Alleluia.] 



Second Antiphon. 2 Thou feddest 
Thine Own people * with Angels food, 
and didst send them bread from 
heaven. [Alleluia.] 

Third Antiphon. Out of Christ 
His bread shall be fat, * and He shall 
yield royal dainties. 3 [Alleluia.] 

Fourth Antiphon. 4 The Priests 
shall be holy ; * for the offerings [of 
the LORD] made by fire, and the bread 
of their God, they do offer, [therefore 
they shall be holy.] [Alleluia.] 

Fifth Antiphon. 5 To him that 
overcometh will I give of the hidden 
manna, * and will give him a new 
name. [Alleluia.] 

Chapter, (i Cor. xi. 23.) 

TDRETHREN, I have received of 
the Lord that which also I de 
livered unto you, that the Lord JESUS, 
the same night in which He was be 
trayed, took bread, and, when He had 
given thanks, He brake it, and said : 
Take, eat ; this is My Body, Which 
shall be given for you : this do in 
remembrance of Me. 

Hymn. 6 

T HE Word of God proceeding forth, 
Yet leaving not the Father s side, 
And going to His work on earth, 

Had reached at length life s eventide. 

By a disciple to be given 
To rivals for His Blood athirst ; 

Himself, the very Bread of heaven, 
He gave to His disciples first. 

He gave Himself in either kind ; 

His Precious Flesh ; His Precious Blood ; 
Of flesh and blood is man combined, 

And He of man would be the Food. 

In Birth, man s Fellow-man was He ; 

His Meat, while sitting at the Board ; 
He died, his Ransomer to be; 

He reigns, to be his Great Reward. 

- Wisd. xvi. 20. 



1 Prov. ix. i, 2. 

3 Adapted from Jacob s blessing on Asher. Gen. xlix. 20. 

4 Lev xxi. 6. 5 A P OC - " J 7- 

6 Hymn by St Thomas Aquinas ; translation extracted from the " Hymnal Noted." 



234 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



O Saving Victim, slain to bless ! 

Who openest heaven s bright gates to all 
The attacks of many a foe oppress ; 

Give strength in strife, and help in fall. 

To God, the Three in One, ascend 
All thanks and praise for evermore ; 

He grant the life that shall not end, 
Upon the heavenly country s shore. 

Amen. 



Verse. He maketh peace in thy 
borders. [Alleluia.] 

Answer. And filleth thee with the 
finest of wheat. [Alleluia.] 

Antiphon at the Song of Zacharias. 
1 I am the living Bread Which came 
down from heaven : * if any man eat 
of this Bread he shall live for ever. 
[Alleluia.] 



Prayer throughout the Office. 

(~\ GOD, Who under a wonderful 
^-^ Sacrament hast left unto us 
whereby to show forth thy Suffering 
Death, grant unto us, we beseech Thee, 
so reverently to handle the Sacred 
Mysteries of Thy Body and Thy 
Blood that we may alway feel within 
ourselves the fruit of Thy Redeeming 
Work. Who livest and reignest with 
God the Father, in the unity of the 
Holy Ghost, one God, world without 
end. Amen. 

Antiphon. Wisdom, &c. (First 
Antiphon at Lauds.} 

The Psalms are LIIL and the two 
first parts of C XVIII. 

In the Short Responsory, instead of 
" Thou That sittest, c.," is said, 

Verse. Thou That wast born of the 
Virgin Mary. 



Chapter at the end. (i Cor. xi. 27.) 

shall eat this Bread, 
or drink this Cup of the Lord 
unworthily, shall be guilty of the Body 
and Blood of the Lord. 



TERCE. 

Throughout this Service " Alleluias " 
are added as if it were Paschal-time, 
but not so when used as a Votive Office 
out of Paschal-time. 

Antiphon. Thou feddest, &c., 
(Second Antiphon at Lauds.} 

Chapter from Lauds. 



Short Responsory. 

He gave them of the bread of 
heaven [Alleluia, Alleluia.] 

Answer. He gave them of the bread 
of heaven. [Alleluia, Alleluia.] 

Verse. Man did eat Angels bread. 

Answer. [Alleluia, Alleluia.] 

In the Votive Office out of Paschal- 
time : " The bread of heaven." 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer. He gave them of the 
bread of heaven. [Alleluia, Al- 
eluia.] 

Verse. He fed them with the finest 
of the wheat. [Alleluia.] 

Answer. And with honey out of 
the rock did He satisfy them. [Alleluia.] 



SEXT. 

Throughout this Service "Alleluias " 
are added as if it were Paschal-time, 
but not so when used as a Votive Office 
out of Paschal-time. 

Antiphon. Out of Christ, c. 
(Third Antiphon at Lauds.} 



1 John vi. 51. 



CORPUS CHRISTI. 



235 



Chapter, (i Cor. xi. 26.) 

T^OR as often as ye eat this Bread, 
and drink this Cup, ye do show 
the Lord s death till He come. 



Short Responsory. 

He fed them with the finest of the 
wheat. [Alleluia, Alleluia.] 

Answer. He fed them with the 
finest of the wheat. [Alleluia, Alleluia. ] 

Verse. And with honey out of the 
rock did He satisfy them. 

Answer. [Alleluia, Alleluia.] 

In the Votive Office out of Paschal- 
time : " The finest of the wheat." 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, and 
to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost. 

Answer. He fed them with the 
finest of the wheat. [Alleluia, Al 
leluia.] 

Verse. Thou bringest forth food out 
of the earth. [Alleluia.] 

Answer. And wine that maketh 
glad the heart of man. [Alleluia.] 

NONE. 

Throughout this Service "Alleluias " 
are added as if it were Paschal-time, 
except when used as a Votive Office out 
of Paschal-time. 

Antiphon. To him that overcometh, 
c., (Fifth Antiphon at Lauds.} 

Chapter as at the end of Prime. 



Short Responsory. 

Thou bringest forth food out of the 
earth. [Alleluia, Alleluia.] 

Answer. Thou bringest forth food 
out of the earth. [Alleluia, Alleluia.] 

Verse. And wine that maketh glad 
the heart of man. 

Answer. [Alleluia, Alleluia.] 

1 i Cor. xi, 26, 



In the Votive Office out of Paschal- 
time : " Out of the Earth." 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, and 
to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost. 

Answer. Thou bringest forth food 
out of the earth. [Alleluia, Alleluia.] 

Verse. He maketh peace in thy 
borders. [Alleluia.] 

Answer. And filleth thee with the 
finest of the wheat. [Alleluia.] 

SECOND VESPERS. 
Alias the First, except the following : 

Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed 
Virgin. Holy exceedingly is the 
Supper of the Lord, * wherein we do 
feed on Christ, do show His death till 
He come, 1 do get grace abundantly to 
our souls, and do take pledge of the 
glory which shall hereafter be revealed 
in us. 2 [Alleluia.] 



OFFICE OF CORPUS CHRISTI AS A 
VOTIVE OFFICE, IN HONOUR OF 
THE MOST HOLY SACRAMENT, ON 
THURSDAYS. 

// is permitted that on all Thurs 
days, with certain exceptions, the Office 
of Corpus Christi, with certain altera 
tions, be said instead of the Office of 
the day. 

The Thursdays excepted are 

(a.} Any Thursday whatsoever upo?i 
which Nine Lessons are read, by reason 
of any Festal Office, either belonging to 
the day or transferred to it. 

(&) The Thursdays in Advent, 
Lent, and the Octaves of Easter a?id 
Pentecost. 

(Y.) All Eves. 

(d.} Thursdays to which the Sun 
day Office may be transferred according 
to the Pye. iv. 4, 5. 

2 Rom. viii. 18. 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



The alterations in the Office itself 
are 

(a.} It is semidouble, with the 
Common Commemorations at Vespers 
and Lauds, and Preces at Compline 
and Prime, Its relations to a Simple 
Office on Thursday itself, or a Semi- 
double or Double Office on Wednesday 
or Friday, are arranged hi the same 
way as if it were a Semidouble 
Festival. 

(b.} The saying or omitting of tJic 
" Alleluia " is as immediately hereto 
fore given in the Office itself. 

(c.} The Lessons of the First Noc- 
tur7i are from Scripture according to 
the Season. 

(d. ) The Lessons of the Second Noc- 
turn are 

In January and February, as on 
Saturday within the Octave. 

In March and April, as on Sunday 
within the Octave. 

In May and June, as on Monday 
within the Octave. 

In July and August, as on Tues 
day within the Octave. 

In Septeuiber and October, as on 
Wednesday within the Octave. 

In November and December, as on 
the Octave Day. 

(e.) The Lessons of the Third Noc- 
turn are 

In January and February, as 011 
Friday within the Octave. 

In March and April, as on Satur 
day within the Octave. 

In May and June, as on Monday 
within the Octave. 

In July and August, as on Tues 
day within the Octave. 

In September and October, as on 
Wednesday within the Octave. 

In November and December, as on 
the Octave Day. 

N.B. In Paschal-time Prime and 
Compline are said in the Paschal 
manner. 



Sixth Day, within the Octave of the 
Feast of the Body of Christ. 

All as on the Feast except that the 
AntipJions are not doubled and the 
following 

FIRST NOCTURN. 

First Less 07i. 

The Lesson is taken from the First 
Book of Kings (ii. 27.) 

A ND there came a man of God un 
to Eli, and said unto him : Thus 
saith the LORD : Did not I plainly 
appear unto the house of thy father, 
when they were in Egypt, in Pharaoh s 
house ? And I chose him out of all 
the tribes of Israel to be My Priest, 
to go up unto Mine Altar, and to burn 
incense unto Me, and to wear an ephod 
before Me. And I gave unto the 
house of thy father all the offerings 
made by fire of the children of Israel. 
Wherefore kick ye at My sacrifice, and 
at Mine offerings which I have com 
manded, that they should be offered 
in My habitation ? And honourest 
thy sons above Me, to make your 
selves fat with the chiefest of all the 
offerings of Israel, My people ? 

Second Lesson. 

VyHEREFORE, the LORD God of 
Israel saith : I said indeed that 
thy house, and the house of thy father 
should minister before Me for ever. 
But now the LORD saith : Be it far 
from Me ; for them that honour Me, 
I will honour ; and they that despise 
Me shall be lightly esteemed. Be 
hold, the days come that I will cut off 
thine arm, and the arm of thy father s 
house, that there shall not be an old 
man in thine house. And thou shalt 
see thine enejny, in My habitation, and 



WITHIN THE OCTAVE OF CORPUS CHRISTI. 



237 



in all the wealth [which God shall 
give] Israel ; and there shall not be an 
old man in thine house for ever. 
Nevertheless, I will not utterly cut off 
every man of thine from Mine altar ; 
lest thine eyes fail, and thy soul faint : 
but great part of thine house shall die 
when they come to man s estate. 

Third Lesson. 

A ND this shall be a sign unto thee, 
that shall come upon thy two 
sons, on Hophni and Phinehas : In 
one day they shall die both of them. 
And I will raise Me up a faithful 
Priest, that shall do according to that 
which is in Mine heart and in My 
mind : and I will build him a sure 
house : and he shall walk before Mine 
Anointed for ever. And it shall come 
to pass that every one that is left in 
thine house shall come and crouch to 
him for a piece of silver and a morsel 
of bread, and shall say : Put me, I 
pray thee, into one of the Priest s 
offices, that I may eat a piece of 
bread. 

SECOND NOCTURN. 

Fourth Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Sermons 
of St Thomas of Aquino. (Lesser 
-works, 57.) 

T T serveth well therefore to the 
edifying of the faithful to make 
memorial of the institution of this so 
health - giving and so wonderful a 
Sacrament, that we may worship the 
unspeakable way by the which the 
Divine Presence in-dwelleth in this 
Sacrament, Which we see, and may 
praise the power of God whereby in 
this Sacrament are wrought so many 
wonders, yea, and also give God some 
of those thanks which we owe unto 
Him for this so health-giving gift of 



His loving-kindness. It is true that 
on the Day of the Supper of the 
Lord, 1 on which day we know it to 
have been that He ordained this 
Sacrament, at the solemn celebration 
of the Mass, the memory of the in 
stituting thereof is more particularly 
mentioned, but all the rest of the 
Services on that day deal chiefly with 
Christ Suffering, to worshipping of 
Whom the Church doth at that sea 
son give all her mind. 

Fifth Lesson. 

1DUT, that the congregation of 
Christ s faithful people might 
celebrate with an whole Festal Office 
all to itself the institution of this so 
great Sacrament, Urban IV., Bishop 
of Rome, being touched with love to 
ward this said Sacrament, hath made 
a godly ordinance that the memory 
of the said institution should be cele 
brated by all the faithful upon the 
Fifth Day of the week, next after the 
Eighth Day of Pentecost. From one 
end of the year to the other we use 
this Sacrament to our souls health, 
and we more particularly celebrate 
the institution thereof at that season 
wherein the Holy Ghost taught the 
hearts of the disciples to acknowledge 
the mysteries thereof, for then it was, 
as we read, that "they continued 
steadfastly in [the Apostles doctrine 
and fellowship, and in] breaking of 
Bread, [and in prayers."] (Acts ii. 
42.) 

Sixth Lesson. 

AND, moreover, to the end that on 
the aforesaid Thursday, and the 
seven days next following, the memory 
of this health-giving Institution might 
be the more honourably celebrated, 
and the Feast thereby be held in 
more excellent worship, the above- 



Maundy Thursday. 



2 3 8 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



named Bishop of Rome, after the 
manner of the doles which in Cath 
edral Churches are given to such as 
come to the singing or saying of the 
Canonical Hours by night and day, 
hath out of his Apostolic bounty 
granted spiritual rewards l to all such 
as in their own persons are present 
in the Church at the divers Canonical 
Hours during all this Festival, thereby 
to stir up the faithful to come to the 
keeping of this great Feast in greater 
eagerness and numbers. 

THIRD NOCTURN. 

(Read in the Votive Office in Jamt- 
ary and February. ) 

Seventh Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Holy 
Gospel according to John (vi. 56.) 

A T that time : JESUS said unto the 
"^ multitudes of the Jews : My 
Flesh is meat indeed and My Blood 
is drink indeed. And so on. 

Homily by St Austin, Bishop [of 
Hippo.] ( i Tth Tract on John. ) 

We have heard from the Gospel the 
words of the Lord which follow [those 
that formed the subject of my] earlier 
discourse. To your ears and under 
standings we owe a discourse on these 
also, and to-day it becometh very well, 
for it is upon that Body of the Lord, 
Which He professeth Himself that He 
"will give for the life of the world," 
" that a man may eat thereof and not 
die." He hath made manifest how 
He giveth, and What is His Gift, 
where He saith : " He that eateth My 
Flesh and drinketh My Blood, dwell- 
eth in Me and I in him." The sign 
to show whether a man hath or hath 
not eaten that Flesh and drunk that 



Blood, is whether or not he dwelleth 
in Christ and Christ in him, whether 
or not he is a guest of Christ and 
Christ of his, whether or not he so 
cleaveth unto Christ, that Christ be 
not parted from him. 

Eighth Lesson. 

HTHIS hath He taught, and warned 
us, by words of deep meaning, 
to be in His Body as members whose 
Head is He, eating His Flesh, and 
cleaving alway to His Oneness. 
" Many of His disciples when they 
had heard this .... went back, and 
walked no more with Him " for they 
understood not by " Flesh " any flesh 
other than such as they themselves 
were made of. The Apostle saith, 
(and very true it is) : " To be carnally 
minded is death." (Rom. viii. 6.) 
The Lord giveth us His Flesh to 
eat, and to understand it carnally is 
death. Where He saith: "Whoso 
eateth My Flesh .... hath eternal 
life we. must not understand this 
His Flesh carnally, as did they of 
whom it is written : " Many of His 
disciples " (not His enemies) 
" when they heard this, said : This is 
an hard saying who can hear it ? " 

Ninth Lesson. 

T F His disciples took His words for 
an hard saying, how did His 
enemies take them ? And, neverthe 
less, thus it behoved to speak them 
if all men were not to understand 
them. A Divine mystery ought to 
make us thoughtful, not to repel us ; 
and yet, when the Lord JESUS Christ 
spoke thus in mystery, many of His 
disciples went back and walked -no 
more with Him. They believed not 
that He was speaking of some great 
thing, and darkly announcing in these 



See these and other Indulgences in the Raccolta, p. no. 



WITHIN THE OCTAVE OF CORPUS CHRISTI, 



239 



words a bounty. They understood 
but as they pleased, even after the 
manner of men, that JESUS was able, 
or that JESUS meant, to give that 
Flesh wherewith the Word is clothed 
on, as it were, in slices, to them 
that believe on Him. And they said : 
" This is an hard saying who can 
hear it ? " 



The Sabbath within the Octave of the 
Feast of the Body of Christ. 

All as on the Feast-day, except that 
the Antiphons are not doubled, and the 
following. 



FIRST NOCTURN. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the First 
Book of Kings (iii. i.) 

A ND the child Samuel ministered 
unto the Lord before Eli. And 
the word of the LORD was precious 
in those days ; there was no open 
vision. And it came to pass on a 
certain day, when Eli was laid down 
in his place, and his eyes began to 
wax dim, that he could not see : ere 
the lamp of God went out, Samuel 
was laid down to sleep in the temple 
of the LORD, where the Ark of God 
was. And the LORD called Samuel. 
And he answered : Here am I. And 
he ran unto Eli, and said : Here am 
I, for thou calledst me. And he said : 
I called not ; go back and sleep. And 
he went and slept. And the LORD 
called yet again: Samuel. And 
Samuel arose, and went to Eli, and 
-said : Here am I, for thou didst call 



me. And he answered : I called not, 
my son ; go back and sleep. Now 
Samuel did not yet know the LORD, 
neither was the word of the LORD 
yet revealed unto him. 

Second Lesson. 

^ND the LORD called Samuel 
again, the third time. And he 
arose, and went to Eli, and said : 
Here am I, for thou didst call me. 
And Eli perceived that the LORD had 
called the child, and he said unto 
Samuel : Go, and sleep ; and it shall 
be, if He call thee, that thou shalt 
say: Speak, LORD; for Thy servant 
heareth. So Samuel went, and slept in 
his place. And the LORD came, and 
stood, and called, as at other times : 
Samuel, Samuel. Then Samuel an 
swered : Speak, [ 1 Lord,] for Thy ser 
vant heareth. And the LORD said to 
Samuel : Behold, I will do a thing in 
Israel, at which both the ears of every 
one that heareth it shall tingle. In 
that day I will perform against Eli 
all things which I have spoken con 
cerning his house : when I begin, I 
will also make an end. 

Third Lesson. ( 2 v. 15.) 

A ND Samuel slept until the morn 
ing, and opened the doors of the 
house of the LORD. And Samuel 
feared to show Eli the vision. Then 
Eli called Samuel, and said : Samuel, 
my son, and he answered and said : 
Here am I. And he said : What is 
the thing that [ 3 the Lord] hath said 
unto thee ? I pray thee, hide it not 
from me. God do so to thee, and 
more also, if thou hide anything from 
me of all the things that He said 



1 Not in the Hebrew. 

2 The omitted verses (13 and 14) are : "For I have told him that I will judge his house for 
ever, for the iniquity which he knoweth ; because his sons made themselves vile, and he re 
strained them not. And therefore I have sworn unto the house of Eli, that the iniquity of Eli s 
house shall not be purged with sacrifice nor offering for ever." s N o t i n the Hebrew. 



240 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



unto thee. And Samuel told him 
every whit, and hid nothing from him. 
And he said : It is the LORD ; let 
Him do what seemeth Him good. 
And Samuel grew, and the LORD was 
with him, and did let none of his 
words fall to the ground. And all 
Israel, from Dan even to Beer-sheba, 
knew that Samuel was established a 
Prophet of the LORD. 



SECOND NOCTURN. 

(Read in the Votive Office in Janu 
ary and February. ) 



Fourth Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Sermons 
of St John Chrysostom [Patriarch of 
Constantinople.] (6ist Homily to 
the people of Antioch.} 

T~) EARLY beloved brethren, it be- 
^"^ hoveth us to learn the miracle 
of the Mysteries what the Gift is, 
and why It was given, and what is the 
use thereof. "We, being many, are 
one body," saith [the Apostle Paul, (i 
Cor. x. 17,) and again] "We are 
members of His Body, of His Flesh, 
and of His Bones." (Eph. v. 30.) 
Only the initiated * will now under 
stand what I say. That this union 
may take place, not by love only, but 
verily and indeed, we ought to mingle 
our own with His Flesh. And this is 
done by eating that Food Which He 
hath given unto us, being fain to 
manifest that exceeding great love 
which He beareth to us-ward. To 
this end He hath mingled Himself 
with us, and infused His Body into 
our bodies, that we may be one 
together, like as the limbs of a man 
and his head are all of one body. 



Such union do they long for that 
love much. 

Fifth Lesson. 

V\THEN we come back from that 
Table we ought to be like so 
many lions breathing fire, dreadful to 
the devil. Our thoughts ought to be 
concentrated on our Great Head and 
the love which He showeth us. Many 
fathers and mothers there are who 
give their children to others to nurse, 
but I, saith the Lord to His children, 
I am not so, but I feed you with Mine 
Own Flesh, and join Myself to you, 
fain that ye all should be sons of 
noble blood now, and giving you a 
noble hope of that which ye shall be 
hereafter. I was content to become 
your Brother, I for your sakes have 
taken unto Me Flesh, and Blood, and 
that Flesh and Blood wherein I am 
become your Brother, the Same give I 
in turn unto you. 

Sixth Lesson. 

T ET us then, dearly beloved breth- 
-* ren, take good heed to ourselves, 
as unto the holders of so great mercies, 
and when any foul word springeth to 
our lips, or we feel anger taking- 
possession of us, or the sting of any 
other sinful passion, let us call to 
mind of What we have been counted 
worthy, and let that remembrance still 
the unruly motion. As often as we 
take that Body, as often as we taste 
that Blood, let us think how that we 
feed on Him Who is sitting on high, 
adored of Angels, at the right hand of 
the Eternal Power. Ah me, how 
many a way is open to us whereby we 
may be saved ! He hath made us His 
He hath given His Body to us 
and we still are not turned away from 
evil! 



1 I.e., the baptised, the Church s doctrine on the Eucharist being concealed from the 
catechumens. 



WITHIN THE OCTAVE OF CORPUS CHRISTI. 



241 



THIRD NOCTURN. 

(Read in the Votive Office in March 
and April. ) 

Seventh Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Holy 
Gospel according to John (vi. 56.) 

A T that time : JESUS said unto the 
^^ multitudes of the Jews : My 
Flesh is meat indeed and My Blood is 
drink indeed. And so on. 

Homily by St Austin, Bishop [of 
Hippo.] (2jtk Tract on Jo/in.} 

I have said, my brethren, that what 
the Lord hath set before us, in eating 
of His Flesh and drinking of His 
Blood, is that we should dwell in Him, 
and He in us. We dwell in Him 
when we are His members, and He 
dwelleth in us when we are His 
temple. But the bond whereby we 
are made His members is oneness ; 
and what is the cause of oneness but 
love ? And love of God, whence is 
it? Ask the Apostle. "The love of 
God," saith he, "is shed abroad in 
our hearts by the Holy Ghost. Which 
is given unto us." (Rom. v. 5.) 

Eighth Lesson. 

CO "it is the spirit that quickeneth." 
It is the spirit that maketh lively 
the limbs, nor is the quickening power 
of the spirit shed through any limbs 
but such as remain in union with the 
body whose the spirit is. The spirit 
that thou hast in thee, O man, and 
whereby thou art a man, doth that 
spirit shed life through any limb cut 
off from thy flesh? By "spirit," I 
mean soul. The soul quickeneth no 
limb but such as remain attached to 
the body. Cut one off, and the soul 
quickeneth it no more, for it is separate 
from the oneness of thy body. 



Ninth Lesson. 



things I say, that we may 
love oneness and dread division. 
In sooth, there is nothing which a 
Christian ought so much to dread, as 
to be cut off from the Body of Christ. 
If he be cut off from the Body of 
Christ, he is no longer a member of 
Christ, and the Spirit of Christ no 
longer quickeneth him. " Now, if 
any man," saith the Apostle, "have 
not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of 
His." (Rom. viii. 9.) 

" It is the Spirit that quickeneth ; 
the flesh profiteth nothing : the words 
that I speak unto you, they are spirit 
and they are life." 

" Spirit and life " what meaneth 
this ? It is to fee taken spiritually. 
Hast thou taken it spiritually ? Then 
the words the Lord spake, unto thee 
they are spirit and they are life. Hast 
thou taken it carnally ? Then the 
words of the Lord are still indeed 
spirit and life but not for thee. 



VESPERS. 

All as the First Vespers of the 
Feast, except the following. 

Chapter and Prayer from the follow 
ing Lauds. 

Verse. He fed them with the finest 
of the wheat. Alleluia. 

Answer. And with honey out of 
the rock did He satisfy them. Alle 
luia. 



Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed 
Virgin. The child Samuel ministered 
unto God * before Eli, and the word 
of the Lord was precious in his sight. 

A Commemoration is made of the 
Octave, from the Second Vespers of the 
Feast. 



242 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



Seconti Suntmg after 
cost. 



The Lord^s Day within the Octave of 
the Body of Christ. 

Semidouble. 

All as on the Feast, except that the 
Antiphons are not doubled, and the 
following. 

FIRST NOCTURN. 
First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the First 
Book of Kings (iv. i.) 

A ND it came to pass in those days 
^^ that the Philistines gathered 
themselves together to battle. And 
Israel went out against the Philistines 
to battle, and pitched beside the Stone- 
of-help. 1 And the Philistines came to 
Aphek, and put themselves in array 
against Israel. And when they joined 
battle, Israel fled before the Philistines, 
and there were smitten in the field in 
that battle about four thousand men. 
And when the people were come into 
the camp, the elders of Israel said : 
Wherefore hath the LORD smitten us 
to-day before the Philistines ? Let 
us fetch the Ark of the covenant of 
the LORD out of Shiloh unto us, that, 
when it cometh among us, it may save 
us out of the hand of our enemies. 

Second Lesson. 

CO the people sent to Shiloh and 
*^ took from thence the Ark of the 
covenant of the LORD of hosts, Which 



dwelleth between the Cherubim : 2 and 
the two sons of Eli, Hophni and 
Phinehas, were with the Ark of the 
covenant of God. And when the Ark 
of the covenant of the LORD came 
into the camp, all Israel shouted with 
a great shout, so that the earth rang 
again. And when the Philistines 
heard the noise of the shout, they 
said : What meaneth the noise of this 
great shout in the camp of the He 
brews ? And they understood that the 
Ark of the LORD was come into the 
camp. 

Third Lesson. 

AND the Philistines were afraid, for 
^^ they said : God is come into the 
camp. And they groaned and said : 
Woe unto us ! for there hath not been 
such a shouting yesterday or the day 
before. Woe unto us ! who shall de 
liver us out of the hand of these 
mighty gods ? These are the gods 
that smote the Egyptians with all the 
plagues in the wilderness. Be strong, 
and quit yourselves like men, O ye 
Philistines ! that ye be not servants 
unto the Hebrews, as they have been 
to you : quit yourselves like men, and 
fight. And the Philistines fought, and 
Israel was smitten, and they fled 
every man into his tent ; and there 
was a very great slaughter, for there 
fell of Israel thirty thousand footmen. 
And the Ark of God was taken : and 
the two sons of Eli, Hophni and 
Phinehas, were slain. 3 

SECOND NOCTURN. 

(Read in tJie Votive Office i?i March 
and April. ) 



1 Viz., near the place where was afterwards erected a "standing stone" so named, between 
Mizpeh and Shen. See vii. 1-12. 

2 An allusion, if not a reference, to the two figures of these creatures, made of wood plated 
with gold, which were on the top of the ark, overshadowing the mercy-seat with their wings. 
See Exod. xxv. 10-22. 

3 The narrative continues how that a man " with his clothes rent, and with earth upon his 
head," came and told Eli at Shiloh : " Israel is fled before the Philistines and there hath been 
also a great slaughter among the people and thy two sons also, Hophni and Phinehas, are dead 
and the Ark of God is taken. And .... when he made mention of the Ark of God, [Eli] 
fell from off his seat backward, by the side of the gate ; and his neck brake, and he died." 



WITHIN THE OCTAVE OF CORPUS CHRISTI. 



243 



Fourth Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Sermons 
of St John Chrysostom [Patriarch of 
Constantinople.] (6oth Homily to 
the people of Antioch.} 

"THE Word saith : "This is My 
Body." This we confess, and 
believe, and, with spiritual eyes, do 
see. Christ hath not left unto us 
Himself in such form as that we can 
see, hear, touch, smell, or taste Him ; 
and yet hath He left Himself unto 
us in things which we can see, hear, 
touch, smell, and taste, and which all 
men may understand. Thus also is it 
in baptism ; by mean of water, which 
men perceive outwardly, is given unto 
them a gift which they can grasp 
only inwardly, that is, a new birth. 
If we had no bodies, then would these 
things be given us without any out 
ward and visible signs, but since we 
are here made up of souls and bodies, 
there are given unto our souls gifts 
which they can grasp, in outward signs 
which our bodies may perceive. How 
many there be which say : I would 
that I could see His comely presence, 
His Face, His garments, even His 
shoes ! Behold, thou dost see and 
touch Him, yea, thou dost feed upon 
Him. And wouldest thou behold His 
raiment? Lo, He hath given unto 
thee not only to behold it, but to 
feed upon it, and handle it, and take 
it into thyself 

Fifth Lesson. 

"PO this table of the Lord let none 
* dare to draw near with squeam- 
ishness or carelessness. Let all be 
fiery, all hot, all roused. To the Jews 
it was commanded touching the Pas 
chal lamb, (Exod. xii. 1 1) : "And thus 
shall ye eat it ; with your loins girded, 
your shoes on your feet, and your staff 
in your hand ; and ye shall eat it in 



haste ; it is the LORD S Passover." 
But thou needest to be more watchful 
than they. They were just about to 
travel from Egypt to Palestine, and 
therefore they bore the guise of 
travellers ; but the journey that lieth 
before thee is from earth to heaven. 
And therefore it behoveth thee in all 
things to be on thy guard, for the 
punishment of him that eateth or 
drinketh unworthily is no light one 
(i Cor. xi. 27.) Bethink thee how 
thou art indignant against him which 
betrayed, and them that crucified the 
Lord ; and look to it well that thou 
also be not " Guilty of the Body and 
Blood of the Lord." As for them, 
they slew His Most Holy Body ; but 
thou, after all that He hath done for 
thee, dost thrust Him into thy polluted 
soul. For His love, it was not enough 
to be made Man, to be buffeted, and 
to be crucified ; He hath also mingled 
Himself with us, by making us His 
Body, and that not by faith only, but 
verily and indeed. 

Sixth Lesson. 

/^AN anything be purer than that 
^ man ought to be, who eateth of 
this great Sacrifice ? Can sun-beam 
be clearer than that hand ought to 
be which breaketh this Flesh ? that 
mouth, which is filled with that spiritual 
fire ? that tongue, which is reddened 
by that Blood, awful exceedingly? 
That whereon the Angels quail to look, 
neither dare to gaze steadfastly upon 
It, because of the blinding glory that 
shineth therefrom, upon This we feed, 
with This we become one, and are 
made one body of Christ, and one 
flesh. "Who can utter the mighty 
acts of the LORD ? who can show 
forth all His praise?" (Ps. cv. 2.) 
Where is the shepherd which feedeth 
his flock with his own blood ? Nay, 
why should I say, shepherd ? Many 



244 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



mothers there be, who after all the 
pains of travail, give their own little 
ones to strangers to nurse. But so 
would not He, but feedeth us with His 
Own Blood, and maketh us to grow up 
in His Own substance. 

THIRD NOCTURN. 
Seventh Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Holy 
Gospel according to Luke (xiv. 16.) 

A T that time : JESUS spake unto 

^* the Pharisees this parable : A 

certain man made a great supper, and 
bade many. And so on. 

Homily by Pope St Gregory [the 
Great.] (36^ upon the Gospels. ] 

Dearly beloved brethren, between 
the dainties of the body and the 
dainties of the mind there is this 
difference, that the dainties of the 
body, when we lack them, raise up 
a great hunger after them, and when 
we devour them, straightway our ful 
ness worketh in us niceness. But 
about the dainties of the mind we are 
nice while as yet we lack them, and 
when we fill ourselves with them, then 
are we an-hungered after them, and 
the more, being an-hungered, we feed 
thereon, the more are we an-hungered 
thereafter. In the bodily dainties, 
the hunger is keener than the fulness, 
but in the spiritual the fulness is keener 
than the hunger. In the bodily, 
hunger gendereth fulness, and fulness 
niceness ; in the spiritual, hunger in 
deed gendereth fulness, but fulness 
gendereth hunger. 

Eighth Lesson. 

CPIRITUAL dainties, in the very 

eating, do stir up the keenness of 

hunger in the mind which they fill, 

1 Luke xiv. 16, 17. 



for, the more we taste their sweetness, 
the better we know how well they de 
serve to be loved ; and, if we taste 
them not, we cannot love them, for 
we know not how sweet they be. And 
who can love that whereof he knoweth 
nothing ? Hence saith the Psalmist : 
" O taste and see that the LORD is 
good," (Ps. xxxiii. 9,) that is, as it 
were, "If ye taste not, ye shall not 
see His goodness : but let your heart 
once taste the bread of life, and then 
indeed, having tasted and proved His 
sweetness, ye shall be able to love 
Him." But these were the dainties 
which man lost when he sinned in 
Eden, and when he had shut his own 
mouth against the sweet bread whereof 
if any man eat he shall live for ever, 
he forsook paradise. 

Eighth Responsory. 

1 A certain man made a great 
supper, and sent his servant at supper- 
time to say to them that were bidden : 
Come, for all things are now ready. 

Verse. " 2 Come, eat of my bread, 
and drink of the wane which I have 
mingled for you. 

Answer. For all things are now 
ready. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer. For all things are now 
ready. 

Ninth Lesson. 

A ND we that, from the first man, 
^^ are born under the afflictions of 
this pilgrimage, are come into the 
world smitten with niceness ; we know- 
not what we ought to want, and the 
disease of our niceness groweth the 
worse, as our soul draweth itself the 
more away from that bread of sweet 
ness. We are no longer an-hungered 

- Prov. ix. 5. 



WITHIN THE OCTAVE OF CORPUS CHRISTI. 



2 45 



after inward dainties, since we have 
lost the use of feeding on them. And 
so in our niceness we starve, and the 
sickness of long famishing maketh 
prey of our health. We will not eat 
of that inward sweetness which is 
made ready for us, and being en 
amoured only of things outward we 
sink into the wretchedness of loving 
starvation. 

LAUDS. 
Chapter, (i John iii. 13.) 

jyTARVEL not, my brethren, if the 
world hate you. We know that 
we have passed from death unto life, 
because we love the brethren. 

Verse. He gave them of the bread 
of heaven Alleluia. 

Answer. Man did eat Angels 
bread Alleluia. 

Antipho?i at the Song of Zacharias. 
A certain man made a great supper, * 
and bade many ; and sent his servant 
at supper -time to say to them that 
were bidden : Come, for all things are 
now ready. 



Prayer throitghout the day. 

Q LORD, Who never failest to help 
and govern them whom Thou 
dost bring up in Thy steadfast fear and 
love ; keep us, we beseech Thee, 
under the protection of Thy good 
providence, and make us to have a 
perpetual fear and love of Thy Holy 
Name ; through our Lord JESUS Christ, 
Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with 
Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, 
one God, world without end. Amen. 

A Commemoration of Corpus Christi 
is made, taken from the Lauds of the 
Feast. 

VOL. III. 



Chapter at the end of Prime. ( \ 
John iii. 1 8.) 

jyr Y little children, let us not love in 
word, neither in tongue, but in 
deed, and in truth. 

At Terce, Chapter from Lauds. 

Chapter at Sex t. (i John iii. 16.) 

JLJEREBY perceive we the love of 
God, because He laid down His 
life for us ; and we ought to lay down 
our lives for the brethren. 

Chapter at None as at the end of 
Prime. 

VESPERS. 

All as at the First Vespers of Corpus 
Christi, except the following. 

Chapter and Prayer froin Lauds. 

Verse. He fed them with the finest 
of the wheat Alleluia. 

Answer. And with honey out of the 
rock did He satisfy them Alleluia. 

Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed 
Virgin. Go out quickly into the 
streets * and lanes of the city, and 
compel the poor and the maimed, 
and the halt, and the blind, to come 
in : that my house may be full 
Alleluia. 

Commemoration of Corpus Christi 
from the Second Vespers of the Feast. 



(fllonfcap nrif#m 



of 



Second Day, within the Octave of the 
Feast of the Body of Christ. 

Semidouble. 

All as on the Feast except that the 
Antiphons are not doubled and the 
following. 



246 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



FIRST NOCTURN. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the First 
Book of Kings (v. I.) 

AND the Philistines took the Ark 
of God, and brought it from the 
Stone-of-help unto Ashdod. When the 
Philistines took the Ark of God, they 
brought it into the house of Dagon, 
and set it by Dagon. 1 And when they 
of Ashdod arose early on the morrow, 
behold, Dagon was fallen upon his 
face to the earth before the Ark of the 
LORD. And they took Dagon, and 
set him in his place again. And when 
they arose early on the morrow morn 
ing, behold, Dagon was fallen upon 
his face to the ground before the Ark 
of the LORD ; and the head of Dagon, 
and both the palms of his hands were 
cut off upon the threshold ; only the 
stump of Dagon was left to him. 2 

Second Lesson. 

T3UT the hand of the LORD was 
^ heavy upon them of Ashdod, and 
He destroyed them ; and the farms 
and the fields in all that coast brake 
forth ; 3 and mice were begotten ; and 
there was confusion in the city, a great 
destruction. And when the men of 
Ashdod saw the plague, they said : 
The Ark of the God of Israel shall 
not abide with us, for His hand is 
sore upon us, and upon Dagon our god. 
They sent therefore, and gathered all 
the lords of the Philistines unto them, 
and said : What shall we do with the 
Ark of the God of Israel? And they 
of Gath answered : Let the Ark of 
the God of Israel be carried about 
unto Gath. 



Third Lesson. 

AND they carried the Ark of the 
God of Israel about thither. 
And it was so, that when they carried 
it about, the hand of the LORD was 
against every one of their cities with a 
very great destruction, and He smote 
the men of every city, both small and 
great. Therefore they sent the Ark of 
God to Ekron. And it came to pass, 
as the Ark of God came to Ekron, 
that the Ekronites cried out, saying : 
They have brought about the Ark of 
the God of Israel to us, to slay us and 
our people. So they sent and gathered 
together all the lords of the Philistines 
and said : Send away the Ark of the 
God of Israel, and let it go again to 
his own place, that it slay us not, and 
our people. For there was an horror 
of death in all the cities, and the hand 
of God was very heavy there. 

SECOND NOCTURN. 

(Read in the Votive Office in May 
and June.} 

Fourth Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Sermons 
of St John Chrysostom [Patriarch 
of Constantinople.] (Continuation 
of the both Homily.} 

T N this mysterious Sacrament Christ 
doth mingle Himself with all and 
each of His faithful ones. They are 
His children, and He nurseth them 
Himself, and giveth them not over 
unto another, herein again assuring us 
that the Flesh He hath taken unto 
Himself is ours. We then, who have 
been deemed meet to be treated with 
such love and such honour, let us be 
wakeful ! See ye not how eagerly the 
sucklings seize on the breasts, how 



1 An idol, with the head and hands of a man, and the rest of his body that of a fish. 

2 Here it is added in the original : " Therefore neither the priest of Dagon, nor any that come 
into Dagon s house, tread on the threshold of Dagon in Ashdod unto this day." 

3 According to the present Hebrew text, which here differs much from the Latin, the mean 
ing is that the inhabitants were seized with the disease called Haemorrhoids. 



WITHIN THE OCTAVE OF CORPUS CHRISTI. 



247 



readily they fix their mouths on the 
paps ? Let us, with like eagerness, 
draw nigh to that Table, and suck at 
that spiritual Cup. Yea, let us prize 
that gracious Food as the suckling- 
doth its mother s breast, and hold it 
the great woe of life to be cut off 
from that Banquet. Here there are 
set before us no works of man s 
power ; He That worked at that Last 
Supper, the Same worketh the same 
here still. As for us Priests, we hold 
the place of His ministers, but He 
Which halloweth and changeth is He. 
Hither let there draw nigh no Judas, 
nor covetous one this is no Table 
for him. But he which is Christ s 
disciple, let him come ; for the Lord 
saith : " I will keep the Passover with 
My disciples," (Matth. xxvi. 18.) This 
is that Passover Table, and it is all 
Christ s what is wrought there is not 
some of it Christ s work, and some 
of it man s work, but it is all His 
work and not another s. 

Fifth Lesson. 

TT ITHER let there draw nigh none 
brutal, none cruel, none merci 
less ; in good sooth, none unclean. I 
speak to all that take that Holy Com 
munion, and to you also, O ye that do 
administer the same ! To you now I 
turn my speech, to warn you with how 
great care that Gift is to be given. 
No slight vengeance is that which 
awaiteth you if ye admit for a par 
taker at the Lord s Table the sinner 
whose guiltiness ye know. At your 
hands will his blood be required. If 
a man be a General, a Governor, a 
crowned Monarch, yet if he come 
there unworthily, forbid him ; thou 
hast greater power than he. To this 
end hath God exalted you to the 
honour ye hold, that ye may judge 
in such matters. This office is your 
dignity, this is your strength, this is 
all your crown, this, and not the going 



about in white robes and glittering- 
vestments. And thou, O layman ! 
when thou seest the Priest making 
the oblation, think not that He Which 
is then the real Worker is such a 
Priest as thou seest, but know of a 
surety that it is Christ s Hand Which 
is stretched out, albeit unseen by thee. 

Sixth Lesson. 

TET us hear, all of us, both Priests 
and laymen, let us hear What 
Food it is whereof we are made worthy 
let us hear, I say, and let us quake. 
The Lord satisfied! us with His Own 
holy Flesh, setting Himself slain be 
fore us. What excuse therefore shall 
we have, if, being so fed as we are, 
we sin as we do ? If, eating of the 
Lamb, we are still wolves ? If, pas 
tured as the sheep of the flock, we 
raven like lions ? This mysterious 
Sacrament forbiddeth unto us not out 
rage only, but any the least enmity ; 
it is the Mystery of peace. Upon 
the Jews God laid it to make year by 
year by solemn festivals a yearly com 
memoration of His mercies unto them, 
but upon thee to do this in remem 
brance of His love to thee, day by 
day. To this Table then let there 
draw nigh no Judas Iscariot, no Simon 
Magus. These men fell through cove- 
tousness ; let us fly that bottomless pit. 

THIRD NOCTURN. 

(Read in the Votive Office in May 
and June. ,) 

Seventh Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Holy 
Gospel according to John (vi. 56.) 

A T that time : JESUS said unto the 
^^ multitudes of the Jews : My 
Flesh is meat indeed, and My Blood 
is drink indeed. And so on. 

Homily by St Austin, Bishop [of 
H ippo. ] ( 2 6tk Tract on John. ) 



248 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



" This is the bread which cometh 
down from heaven," (v. 50.) By 
" this bread " the Lord here signifieth 
both the manna, and That Which we 
receive at the Altar of God. Both 
these are, as it were, Sacramental 
signs, differing indeed somewhat in 
their outward and visible part, but 
pointing to the Same Thing signified. 
Hear what the Apostle saith : " More 
over, brethren, I would not that ye 
should be ignorant how that all our 
fathers were under the cloud, and all 
passed through the sea, and were all 
baptized unto Moses in the cloud and 
in the sea, and did all eat the same 
spiritual meat." (i Cor. x. 1-3.) 
This meat was the same spiritually 
but not really ; they ate manna we 
eat Something else. Spiritually they 
ate What we eat ; but our fathers 
not their fathers ; unto whom we are 
like not unto whom they are like. 
And it is added: "And did all drink 
the same Spiritual drink." They 
drank one thing, and we drank An 
other, the difference being in the outer 
show, the sameness in that the Same 
Thing is pointed to by both. And 
what was that Same Drink? "They 
drank of the spiritual Rock that fol 
lowed them, and that Rock was 
Christ." Him did bread and rock 
alike signify. The Rock was a figure, 
but by the Word and in the Flesh 
there is the very Christ Himself. And 
how came they to drink of that rock ? 
" Moses lift up his hand, and with 
his rod he smote the rock twice, 
and the water came out abundantly." 
(Num. xx. 11.) These two strokes 
of the rod upon the rock are a 
figure of the two beams whereof the 
Cross was made. 

Eighth Lesson. 

/CHRIST S faithful ones discern the 
v - x Lord s Body while they remain 
watchful members of His Body. They 



remain members of His Body as long 
as they will to live according to His 
Spirit. The Spirit of Christ giveth 
life to nothing but the body of Christ. 
Now, my brethren, understand what 
I am going to say. Thou art a man, 
and hast a body and a spirit. By 
spirit I mean the soul, which causeth 
thee to be a man at all. Thou art a 
man, made up of soul and body. 
Thy spirit is unseen, thy body seen. 
Tell me, which of them is it which 
giveth animation to the other ? Doth 
thy spirit derive animation from thy 
body, or thy body from thy spirit ? 
Every one who liveth will answer 
for if any one cannot answer this, I 
know not if he be alive. What will 
whosoever hath life answer ? " Ver 
ily, it is my spirit which doth animate 
my body." Wilt thou then live by 
the Spirit of Christ ? Be of the Body 
of Christ. 

Ninth Lesson. 

T S it not my spirit which doth ani 
mate my body ? My spirit doth 
animate my body, and thy spirit doth 
animate thy body. The Body of 
Christ liveth not save by the Spirit 
of Christ. Hence it is that the 
Apostle Paul saith, touching this 
Bread : " \Ve, being many, are one 
bread, and one body, for we are all 
partakers of that one Bread." (i 
Cor. x. 17.) O what a Sacrament of 
love ! O what a seal of union ! O 
what a bond of charity ! He that 
willeth to live hath here where to 
live, and whence to live. Let him 
come near, let him believe, let him 
enter into that Body, that he may 
be quickened. Let him not sever 
himself from the fit joining-together of 
all the members ; let him not be as 
a mortifying limb, that must needs be 
cut off, nor a mis-shapen limb, a cause 
to blush. Let him be goodly, and 
useful, and healthy. Let him cleave 



WITHIN THE OCTAVE OF CORPUS CHRISTI. 



249 



unto the body ; let him live by God 
to God ; let him labour now on earth, 
that he may reign hereafter in heaven. 



Third Day within the Octave of the 
Feast of the Body of Christ. 

Semidouble, 

All as on the Feast except that the 
Antiphons are not dotibled, and the fol 
lowing, 

FIRST NOCTURN. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the First 
Book of Kings (vi. I.) 

A ND the Ark of the LORD was in 
the country of the Philistines 
seven months, and the Philistines 
called for the priests and the diviners, 
saying : What shall we do to the 
Ark of the LORD ? Tell us wherewith 
we shall send it to his place. And 
they said : If ye send away the Ark 
of the God of Israel, send it not 
empty ; but in any wise return Him 
a trespass-offering ; then shall ye be 
healed, and it shall be known to you 
why His hand is not removed from 
you. 1 

Second Lesson. 

VWHEREFORE do ye harden your 
hearts, as the Egyptians and 
Pharaoh hardened their hearts ? 
When he was smitten, did he not let 
the people go, and they departed ? 
Now, therefore, take, and make a 
new cart, and two milch kine, on 
which there hath come no yoke ; tie 
the kine to the cart, and shut up 
their calves at home. And take the 
Ark of the LORD, and lay it upon the 



cart, and put the jewels of gold, which 
ye return Him for a trespass-offering, 
in a coffer by the side thereof; and 
send it away that it may go. And 
see ; if it goeth up by the way of his 
own coast to Beth-shemesh, then He 
hath done us this great evil ; but if 
not, then we shall know that it is not 
His hand that smote us it was a 
chance that happened to us. And 
the men did so. 

Third Lesson. 

A ND the kine took the straight way 
to the way of Beth-shemesh, and 
went along the highway, lowing as 
they went, and turned not aside to the 
right hand nor to the left ; and the 
lords of the Philistines went after them 
unto the border of Beth - shemesh. 
And they of Beth-shemesh were reap 
ing their wheat-harvest in the valley ; 
and they lifted up their eyes, and saw 
the Ark, and rejoiced to see it. And 
the cart came into the field of Joshua, 
a Beth - shemite, and stood there 
where there was a great stone. And 
they clave the wood of the cart, and 
offered the kine upon it, a burnt-offer 
ing unto the LORD. And the Levites 
took down the Ark of God. 

SECOND NOCTURN. 

(Read in the Votive Office in July 
and August.} 

Fourth Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Letter 
written to Caecilius by the Holy 
Martyr Cyprian, Bishop [of Car 
thage.] (Bk. ii. Ep. 3.) 

T N the deed of the Priest Melchise- 
dek we see a type of the Sacra 
ment of the Lord s Sacrifice. For 



1 The two next verses contain a recommendation to send with the Ark, as a trespass-offering, 
certain objects made of gold. 






250 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



thus it is written in the writings of 
God : " And Melchisedek King of 
Salem brought forth bread and wine : 
for he was the Priest of the Most 
High God : and he blessed " Abraham. 
(Gen. xiv. 18.) That Melchisedek 
was a type of Christ, the Holy Ghost 
Himself doth testify in the Psalms, 
where the First Person of the Holy 
Trinity, even the Father, is set before 
us as saying unto the Second Person, 
that is, the Son : " Before the day- 
star have I begotten Thee. . . . Thou 
art a Priest for ever, after the order of 
Melchisedek." (cix. 3, 4.) And 
verily that sameness of order cometh 
of this sacrifice, and proceedeth from 
this, that Melchisedek was the Priest 
of the Most High God ; that he 
offered bread and wine ; and that he 
blessed Abraham. 



Fifth Lesson. 

Priest of the Most High 
God is there, more so than is 
our Lord JESUS Christ ? He Who 
hath made an offering unto God the 
Father, and the same offering that 
Melchisedek made, bread and wine, 
that is to say, His Own Flesh and His 
Own Blood. And, as touching Abra 
ham, that ancient blessing was spoken 
likewise by fore-knowledge upon us. 
For if Abraham believed God and it 
was accounted to him for righteous 
ness, verily, whosoever believeth God 
and liveth by faith, the same is found 
righteous, and is shown unto us that 
he is already blessed in faithful Abra 
ham, and justified as the Apostle 
Paul proveth, where he saith : 
"Abraham believed God and it was 
accounted unto him for righteousness. 
Know ye therefore that they which 
are of faith, the same are the children 
of Abraham. And the Scripture, fore 
seeing that God would justify the 
heathen through faith, preached before 



the Gospel unto Abraham, saying : 
In thee shall all nations be blessed." 
(Gal. iii. 6-8.) 

Sixth Lesson. 

T N Genesis, therefore, in order that 
the Priest Melchisedek might in 
due order pronounce the blessing upon 
Abraham, there was first offered a 
typical sacrifice, consisting of bread 
and wine. This was the offering 
which our Lord JESUS Christ com 
pleted and fulfilled, when He offered 
up bread and a cup of wine mingled 
[with water]. This fulfilment by Him 
Who came to fulfil (Matth. v. 17,) 
utterly satisfied the truth of the image 
which had gone before. The Holy 
Ghost doth by Solomon also clearly 
foreshadow, as it were in a parable, 
the Lord s Sacrifice, pointing to the 
victim slain, and the bread and the 
wine, and the Altar likewise, and the 
Apostles ; as it is written : "Wisdom 
hath builded her house, she hath 
hewn out her seven pillars ; she hath 
killed her beasts, she hath mingled 
her wine, she hath also furnished her 
table. She hath sent forth her 
servants, she crieth upon the highest 
places of the city, saying : Whoso 
is simple, let him turn in hither unto 
me. As for them that want under 
standing, she saith to them. Come, 
eat of my bread, and drink of the 
wine which I have mingled for you." 
(Prov. ix. 1-5.) 



THIRD NOCTURN. 

(Read in the Votive Office in July 
and August. ] 



Seve7ith Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Holy 
Gospel according to John (vi. 56.) 



WITHIN THE OCTAVE OF CORPUS CHRISTI. 



251 



AT that time: JESUS said unto the 
multitudes of the Jews : My 
Flesh is meat indeed, and My Blood 
is drink indeed. And so on. 

Homily by St Austin, Bishop [of 
Hippo.] (26th Tract on John.} 

" Not as your fathers did eat 
manna, and are dead." Wherefore 
did they eat and die ? Because they 
believed only that which they saw ; 
and that which they saw not, they 
understood not. Therefore were they 
your fathers, because ye are like unto 
them. Doth this death, my brethren, 
mean that death which is outward and 
bodily ? And do not we also die, who 
eat of that Bread Which cometh down 
from heaven ? That death died they, 
and so shall we also, as far, as I have 
said, as is meant that death which is 
outward and bodily. 

EightJi Lesson. 

"DUT the death whereof the Lord 
doth sound the alarm, the death 
that their fathers died, is another death 
than that which is outward and bodily. 
Moses ate manna, Aaron ate manna, 
Phinehas ate manna, many ate manna 
in whom the Lord was well pleased 
and these are not dead. Wherefore ? 
Because they understood spiritually 
that outward bread, spiritually hun 
gered thereafter, spiritually tasted 
thereof, and spiritually were satisfied 
therewith. So also do we this day 
feed on a visible food, but the Sacra 
ment is one thing, and the grace of 
the Sacrament is another. 

Ninth Lesson. 



that eateth and drinketh unworthily] 
eateth and drinketh damnation to 
himself." (i Cor. xi. 29.) Is it not 
written: "When JESUS had dipped 
the sop, he gave it to Judas Iscariot, 
the son of Simon, and after the sop 
Satan entered into him ? " (John xiii. 
26, 27.) And yet he took it. And 
when he had eaten it, the enemy 
entered in and possessed him. Not 
because what he ate was evil, but 
because he, being evil, dared to eat 
that which was good. Look to it 
well, then, brethren, that ye take 
spiritually the Bread Which cometh 
down from heaven. Bring innocency 
with you to the Altar. Though your 
sins be daily, let them not be deadly. 
Before ye draw near to the Altar, 
think well what it is that ye say : 
" Forgive us our trespasses, as we 
forgive them that trespass against us." 
" For, if ye forgive men their tres 
passes, your heavenly Father will also 
forgive you " (Matth. vi. 14) and ye 
may draw near boldly, for unto you It 
is Bread, and not poison. 



Fourth Day within the Octave of the 
Feast of the Body of Christ. 

Semidouble. 

All as on the Feast, except that the 
Antiphons are not doubled, and the 
following. 

FIRST NOCTURN. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the First 
Book of Kings (vi. 19.) 



(~\ HOW many there be which re- A ND [the Lord] 1 smote the men of 

^ ceive at the Altar, and die, yea, ^"^ Beth-shemesh, because they had 

die even in the very receiving ! looked into the Ark of the LORD, even 

Whence the Apostle saith : "[He He smote of the people three-score 

1 I venture to substitute this for " He," for the sake of clearness. Latin : Percussit autem de 
viris, &c. 



252 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



and ten men and fifty thousand of the 
people. And the people lamented, 
because the LORD had smitten many 
of the people with a great slaughter. 
And the men of Beth-shemesh said : 
Who is able to stand before this Holy 
LORD God ? and to whom shall He 
go up from us ? And they sent 
messengers to the inhabitants of 
Kirjath-jearim, saying : The Philistines 
have brought again the Ark of the 
LORD ; come ye down, and fetch it 
up to you. (vii. I.) And the men 
of Kirjath-jearim came, and fetched 
up the Ark of the LORD, and brought 
it into the house of Abinadab at 
Gibeah. And they sanctified Eleazar 
his son to keep the Ark of the LORD. 

Second Lesson. 

A ND it came to pass that from the 
^^ day that the Ark of the LORD 
came to abide in Kirjath-jearim, the 
time waxed long, until it was already 
the twentieth year that it had abode 
there. And all the house of Israel 
lamented after the LORD. And 
Samuel spake unto all the house of 
Israel, saying : If ye do return unto 
the LORD with all your hearts, then 
put away the strange gods from among 
you, the Baalim and the Ashtaroth, 1 
and prepare your hearts unto the 
LORD, and serve Him only ; and He 
will deliver you out of the hand of 
the Philistines. Then the children of 
Israel did put away the Baalim and 
the Ashtaroth, and served the LORD 
only. 

Third Lesson. 

AND Samuel said : Gather all 

Israel to Mizpeh, and I will 

pray for you unto the LORD. And 



they gathered to Mizpeh, and drew 
water, and poured it out before the 
LORD, and fasted on that day, and 
said there : We have sinned against 
the LORD. And Samuel judged the 
children of Israel in Mizpeh. And 
when the Philistines heard that the 
children of Israel were gathered to 
gether to Mizpeh, the lords of the 
Philistines went up against Israel. 
And when the Children of Israel heard 
it, they were afraid of the Philistines. 
And they said to Samuel : Cease not 
to cry unto the LORD our God for us, 
that He will save us out of the hand 
of the Philistines. 

SECOND NOCTURN. 

(Read in the Votive Office in Septem 
ber and October. ) 

Fourth Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book 
upon the Sacraments written by St 
Ambrose, 2 Bishop [of Milan.] (Bk. 

iv. ch. 4.) 

A1THO invented the Sacraments but 
VV the Lord JESUS ? The Sacra 
ments came down from heaven, for 
all counsel is from heaven. Never 
theless, it was a great and wonderful 
work of God when He rained down 
manna upon His people, and the people 
laboured not, and yet were fed. Per 
chance, thou sayest : Here, it is my 
bread which is used. But that bread 
is bread only till the Sacramental words 
are spoken ; at the Consecration, in 
stead of bread, there cometh to be 
the Body of Christ. This therefore 
let us establish. How cometh it that 
that which was bread becometh the 



I.e., shrines and images of Baal and Astarte" a couple of idols, respectively male and 
female, much in vogue in Syria. What they represented is not quite agreed. Gesenius thinks 
they were meant for the planets Jupiter and Venus, but Baal (that is, Lord) sometimes means 
the sun. The worship of the female deity, who was worshipped as reigning over lust, consisted 
mostly of acts of studied impurity almost incredible to Christian ears. 
- Pseudo-Ambrose. 



WITHIN THE OCTAVE OF CORPUS CHRISTI. 



253 



Body of Christ ? Through the Con 
secration. And in what words and 
in Whose language doth the Con 
secration take place ? In those of 
the Lord JESUS. All the other things 
which are said [in the Liturgy], the 
ascription of praise to God [in the 
Preface], the prayer for the people, 
for kings, and for others which formeth 
the first part [of the Canon, these are 
put in the mouth of the Priest.] But 
when that point is reached when this 
worshipful Sacrament is to be con 
secrated, then the Priest useth no more 
his own words, but Christ s. 



Fifth Lesson, 

T T is the word of Christ, therefore, 
which doth the needful work in 
this Sacrament. And what is the word 
of Christ ? It is the word of Him at 
Whose bidding all things were made. 
The Lord commanded, and the 
heavens were created ; the Lord com 
manded, and the earth was formed ; 
the Lord commanded, and the seas 
were made ; the Lord commanded, 
and all creatures sprang into being. 
Thou seest, then, how mightily-work 
ing a word is the word of Christ. If 
then the word of Christ hath such 
power that it can make that to be 
which hath never been, wherein doth 
it appear greater that it maketh one 
thing to be changed into Another ? 
There was once no heaven ; there was 
once no sea ; there was once no earth. 
But hear him who saith : " He spake, 
and it was done ; He commanded, and 
it stood fast." (Ps. xxxii. 9.) If, 
then, I am to answer thee, I tell thee, 
that before the Consecration it is not 
the Body of Christ, but after the Con 
secration it is the Body of Christ, 
for Himself "hath spoken, and it is 



done ; He hath commanded, and it 
standeth fast." 



Sixth Lesson, (ch. 5.) 

A ND now I come back to my text. 
It is indeed a great and wor 
shipful fact that manna was rained 
down upon the Jews ; but, think thou, 
which was the more great and wor 
shipful, the manna from heaven or 
the Body of Christ the Body of that 
Same Christ by Whom the heavens 
were made ? And, again ; the fathers 
" did eat manna, and are dead ; he 
that eateth of this Bread," (John vi. 
58,) It is unto him "the remission of 
sins," (Matth. xxvi. 28,) and "he shall 
never die." (John xi. 26.) 1 There 
fore it is not idly that, when thou 
art a-receiving, thou sayest : "Amen " 
testifying in thine heart that That 
Which thou art taking is the Body 
of Christ. The Priest saith unto 
thee : " The Body of Christ ! "and 
thou answerest : "Amen" that is 
to say : "It is true." What then 
thy tongue confesseth, let thine heart 
hold to. 

THIRD NOCTURN. 

(Read in the Votive Office i?i Septem 
ber and October. ) 



Seventh Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Holy 
Gospel according to John (vi. 55.) 

A T that time : JESUS said unto the 
^^ multitudes of the Jews : My 
Flesh is meat indeed, and My Blood 
is drink indeed. And so on. 

Homily by St Hilary, Bishop [of 
Poitiers.] 2 {Bk. viii. on the Trinity.} 



1 The next words relate to the form of words used in administering the Holy Communion 
where and when the writer lived. The translator believes it to be the same still in use in 
Abyssinia. ~ Jan. 14. 

VOL. III. I 2 



254 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



When we speak concerning the 
things of God, we must not speak after 
the manner of men, nor after the 
manner of the world. Let us read 
those things which are written, and 
understand those things which we 
read ; and then let us act as having 
a perfect faith. We shall speak but 
folly and godlessness if we speak con 
cerning the natural truth of Christ in 
us; and have not learnt at Christ s 
School how we should speak. He 
Himself saith : " My Flesh is meat 
indeed, and My Blood is drink in 
deed. He that eate.th My Flesh 
and drinketh My Blood, dwelleth 
in Me, and I in him." There is 
here no room left for doubt as 
to What is His Flesh and what is 
His Blood. 1 



Eighth Lesson. 

T^OR now we know by the declara- 
tion of the Lord Himself and by 
[the teaching of] our Faith, the reality 
of His Flesh and Blood. And when 
we eat the One and drink the Other, 
They work effectually in us to make 
us dwell in Him and He in us. Is 
not this a reality ? Surely it befalleth 
not them to find it true, who deny that 
Christ JESUS is Very God. He is in 
us by means of His Flesh, and we are 
in Him when that which we are is 
with Him in God. That we dwell in 
Him through that Sacrament wherein 
His Flesh and Blood are given unto 
us, He Himself doth testify, where 
He saith : " Yet a little while, and 
the world seeth Me no more ; but 
ye see Me ; because I live ye shall 
live also. [At that day ye shall 
know that] I am in My Father, and 
ye in Me, and I in you." (John xiv. 
19, 20.) 



Ninth Lesson. 

T)UT that this union in us is a real 
one, He testifieth thus : " He 
that eateth My Flesh and drinketh My 
Blood, dwelleth in Me, and I in him." 
For no one dwelleth in Him in whom 
He doth not dwell, since he which 
receiveth [the Body of Christ] hath 
but received that Flesh of [the same 
nature as] his own, which Christ hath 
taken into Himself. The mystery of 
this perfect union He had taught be 
fore, when He said : " As the living 
Father hath sent Me, and I live by 
the Father, so, he that eateth Me, 
even he shall live by Me." He there 
fore liveth by the Father, and, as He 
liveth by the Father, so shall we live 
by Him. 

Vespers are the same as the First 
Vespers of the Feast. 

If a Common Double Feast fall on 
this day it is only commemorated. 



Octave of Corpus Christi, 

The Eighth Day of the Feast of the 
Body of Christ. 

Double. 

All as on the Feast-day except the 
following. 



SECOND NOCTURN. 

(Read in the Votive Office in Novem 
ber and December. 



Fourth Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Sermons 
of the Blessed Patriarch of Jerusa 
lem, Cyril. 2 (Catechetical Lectures, 

4-) 



1 De veritate carnis et sanguinis non relictus est ambigendi locus. 

2 Elected A.D. 350. Suffered much persecution from the Arians, and died March 18, 386. 



OCTAVE OF CORPUS CHRISTI. 



255 



"THE teaching of the blessed Paul 
seemeth of itself enough instruc 
tion for you concerning those Divine 
Mysteries, whereof, if ye be made 
worthy, ye become therein, so to 
speak, of one Body and of one Blood 
with Christ. Paul saith that our Lord 
JESUS Christ, " the same night in 
which He was betrayed, took bread ; 
and, when He had given thanks, He 
brake it, and gave it unto His dis 
ciples, saying : Take, eat ; this is My 
Body. . . . After the same manner 
also He took the cup," and gave 
thanks, "and said:" Take this, and 
drink it ; this is My Blood. Since 
therefore it is He Who hath definitely 
stated and said, touching that Bread : 
" This is My Body " who will dare 
any longer to doubt that It is so ? 
And since it is He again that hath 
absolutely affirmed and said, touching 
that cup : " This is My Blood " who 
is he that will doubt any longer, or 
say that It is not His Blood ? 

Fifth Lesson. 

A T the beginning of His ministry, at 
f^ Cana in Galilee, the Lord turned 
water into wine, a thing which hath 
some qualities in common with blood ; 
and shall we deem Him less worthy 
that we should believe Him, when He 
turneth wine into Blood ? When He 
was bidden to that marriage wherein 
twain were made one flesh, He did 
the beginning of His miracles to the 
amazement of all men ; and shall we 
less surely hold that He hath given 
us His Body and Blood to be our 
meat and drink, or take them with 
weaker faith that they are indeed His 
Body and His Blood ? Under the 
appearance of bread He giveth unto 
us His Body, and, under the appear 
ance of wine, His Blood : and when 
thou shalt come to receive, it is on 



the Body and Blood of Christ that 
thou wilt feed, being made a partaker 
of His Body and of His Blood. Thus 
indeed it is that we become Christ- 
bearers, 1 namely, by carrying about 
Christ in our bodies, when we receive 
His Body and Blood into our own 
frames. Thus, as the blessed Peter 
hath it, we are " partakers of the 
Divine nature." (2 Pet. i. 4.) 

Sixth Lessoji. 

/CHRIST once said, in conversing" 
with the Jews : " Except ye eat 
the Flesh of the Son of Man, and 
drink His Blood, ye have no life in 
you." (John vi. 53.) But they took 
not spiritually that which He said, 
and "from that time many of His 
disciples went back, and walked no 
more with Him." (66.) They thought 
that He had bidden them to eat flesh. 
The Old Testament also had Shew- 
bread, but this Old Testament bread 
was now to have an end. The bread 
of the New Testament is " the Bread 
Which cometh down from heaven " 
(50), the cup of the New Testament, 
the Cup of Salvation, that Bread and 
that Cup Which hallow both souls 
and bodies. Wherefore I will have 
thee to understand that the Bread and 
Wine whereunto thou art to come, are 
not mere common bread or mere com 
mon wine ; for they are the Body 
and the Blood of Christ. Even if 
thy senses do indeed deny this fact, 
yet let faith make thee right sure of 
it. Judge not the Thing by the taste 
thereof, but let faith assure thee be 
yond all doubt thou art partaking of 
the Body and Blood of Christ. 

THIRD NOCTURN. 

(Read in the Votive Office in Novem 
ber and December. ) 



Christiferi. 



2 5 6 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



Seventh Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Holy 
Gospel according to John (vi. 56.) 

AT that time: JESUS said unto the 
^*- multitudes of the Jews : My 
Flesh is meat indeed, and My Blood 
is drink indeed. And so on. 

Homily by St Cyril, Pope [of Alex 
andria.] (Book iv. on John, ch. 17.) 

" He that eateth My Flesh and 
drinketh My Blood," saith the Lord, 
"dwelleth in Me, and I in him." If 
a man take two pieces of wax and 
melt them, and pour the one into 
the other, they necessarily mingle ; so 
also, he that receiveth the Body and 
Blood of the Lord doth become so 
joined with the Lord that he is to 
be found in Christ and Christ in him. 
Another comparison thou wilt find in 
Matthew. The Lord there saith : 
" The kingdom of heaven is like unto 
leaven which a woman took, and hid 
in three measures of meal, [till the 
whole was leavened,]" (xiii. 33,) be 
cause, as Paul saith, "a little leaven 
leaveneth the whole lump." (Gal. v. 
9.) So also doth a little of this 
Blessing draw the whole man unto 
Itself, and fill him with Its grace : 
and thus doth Christ dwell in us, and 
we in Christ. 



Eighth Lesson. 



A ; 



S for ourselves, if we would win 
life everlasting ; if we would 
that the Giver of immortality should 
dwell in us, let us run freely to re 
ceive this Blessing, and let us beware 
that the devil succeed not in laying 
a stumbling-block in our way, in the 
shape of a mistaken reverence. Thou 
rightly sayest, and we know well, how 
that it is written : "Whosoever shall eat 
this Bread and drink this Cup of the 



Lord unworthily . . . eateth and drink 
eth damnation to himself." (i Cor. 
xi. 27, 29.) I therefore examine my 
self and find myself unworthy. And 
I ask thee, who citest these words to 
me, who shall ever be found worthy ? 
When wilt thou be such an one as 
may be worthy to be offered to Christ ? 
If by sin thou art unworthy, and thou 
ceasest not to sin, (for, as the Psalm 
ist hath it, -"Who can understand 
his errors ? " Ps. xviii. 13,) then shalt 
thou for ever lack this means of life 
and sanctification. 

Ninth Lesson. 

V^HEREFORE, I counsel thee to 
betake thee to godly thoughts, 
and to live carefully and holily, and so 
to receive that Blessing a Blessing 
which, believe me, doth banish, not 
death only, but all diseases likewise. 
For when Christ dwelleth in us, He 
stilleth the law of death in our mem 
bers, which warreth against the law 
of our mind, (Rom. vii. 23,) He 
giveth strength to godliness, He turn- 
eth to calm the turbulent surging of 
our mind, He cureth them which are 
sick, He raiseth up them which are 
fallen, and, like the Good Shepherd, 
Which giveth His life for the sheep, 
He prevaileth that the sheep perish 
not. 



Sixth Day. 
First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the First 
Book of Kings (viii. 4.) 

HPHEN all the elders of Israel 
gathered themselves together, 
and came to Samuel unto Rama. 
And they said unto him : Behold, 
thou art old, and thy sons walk not 
in thy ways ; make us a King to 



SECOND WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 



257 



judge us like all the nations. The and he will take your daughters to be 
thing displeased Samuel, that they confectionaries, and to be cooks, and 

to be bakers ; and he will take your 
fields, and your vineyards, and your 
olive-yards, even the best of them, and 
give them to his servants. 

Third Respoiisory. 
Thus saith the LORD, &c., (p. 223.) 



said : Give us a King to judge us. 
And Samuel prayed unto the LORD. 

First Responsory. 
Saul hath slain, &c., (p. 223.) 

Second Lesson. 

AND the LORD said unto Samuel : 
^ Hearken unto the voice of the 
people in all that they say unto thee. 
For they have not rejected thee, but 
they have rejected Me, that I should 
not reign over them. According to 
all the works which they have done 
since the day that I brought them up 
out of Egypt, even unto this day ; 
wherewith they have forsaken Me, 
and served other gods, so do they also 
unto thee. Now, therefore, hearken 
unto their voice ; howbeit yet protest 
solemnly unto them, and show them 
the manner of the king that shall 
reign over them. 

Second Responsory. 

Ye mountains of Gilboa, &c., (p. 
223.) 

Third Lesson. 

A ND Samuel told all the words of 
^^ the LORD unto the people that 
asked of him a king, and he said : 
This will be the manner of the king 
that shall reign over you : he will take 
your sons, and appoint them for his 
chariots, and to be his horsemen, and 
to run before his chariots, and he will 
appoint him captains over thousands, 
and captains over hundreds, and will 
set them to ear his ground, and to 
reap his harvest, and to make his 
instruments of war, and his chariots ; 



The Sabbath. 
First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the First 
Book of Kings (ix. i.) 

1 "VI OW there was a man of Benja- 
min, whose name was Kish, 
the son of Abiel, the son of Zeror, the 
son of Beehorath, the son of Aphiah, a 
Benjamite, a mighty man of power. 
And he had a son whose name was 
Saul, a choice young man and a 
goodly ; and there was not among the 
children of Israel a goodlier person 
than he ; from his shoulders and up 
ward he was higher than any of the 
people. And the asses of Kish, Saul s 
father, were lost ; and Kish said to 
Saul his son : Take now one of the 
servants with thee, and arise, go seek 
the asses. And they passed through 
Mount Ephraim, and passed through 
the land of Shalisha, but they found 
them not ; then they passed through 
the land of Shalim, and there they 
were not : and he passed through the 
land of the Benjamites, but they found 
them not. 



First Responsory. 
My sins are many, &c., (p. 224.) 



1 The Lessons formerly (and in England still) read on Friday relate how the Israelites came 
to Samuel demanding a king, and God commanded him to act according to their wishes. 



2 5 8 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



Second Lesson. 

AND when they were come to the 
^^ land of Zuph Saul said to his 
servant that was with him : Come, and 
let us return ; lest my father leave 
caring for the asses, and take thought 
for us. And he said unto him : Be 
hold now, there is in this city a man 
of God, and he is an honourable man ; 
all that he saith cometh surely to pass. 
Now, let us go thither ; peradventure 
he can show us our way that we 
should go, to find that whereafter we 
are come. Then said Saul to his 
servant : But, behold, if we go, what 
shall we bring the man of God ? for 
the bread is spent in our vessels, and 
we have not a basket nor aught be 
side, that we may bring it for a 
present unto the man of God. And 
the servant answered Saul again : Be 
hold, I have here in my hand the 
fourth part of a shekel of silver ; that 
let us give to the man of God, to tell 
us our way. 

Second Responsory. 

O LORD, Thou hast hearkened, &c., 

(p. 224.) 

Third Lesson. (14.) 

AND they went up into the city. 
^^ And when they were come into 
the city, behold, Samuel came out 
against them, for to go up to the high 
place. Now the LORD had told 
Samuel in his ear, a day before Saul 
came, saying : To-morrow, about this 
time, I will send thee a man out of 
the land of Benjamin, and thou shalt 
anoint him to be Captain over My 
people Israel, and he shall save My 
people out of the hand of the Philis 
tines ; for I have looked upon My 
people ; because their cry is come unto 
Me. And when Samuel saw Saul, the 



LORD said unto him : Behold the man 
whom I spake to thee of; this same 
shall reign over My people. 

Third Responsory. 
Hearken, O LORD, c., (p. 225.) 

Prayer until Vespers as on Sunday 
last. 

At the beginning of the Mar tyro logy, 
is said, 

The morrow is the Feast of the 
Most Sacred heart of JESUS. 

Vespers are of the Feast. 



after 



Feast of the Most Sacred Heart 
of JESUS. 

Double of the First Class. 

All as on Sundays, except what is 
otherwise given here. 



FIRST VESPERS. 

Antiphons, Chapter, and Prayer 
from Lauds. 

Ps. cix. The Lord said, &c., (/. 
176.) 

Ps. ex. I will praise Thee, &c., (p. 

177.) 

Ps. cxv. I believed, &c., (p. 185.) 
Ps. cxxvii. Blessed is every one, 
&c., (p. 191.) 

Ps. cxlvii. Praise the LORD, O Jeru 
salem, &c., (p. 203.) 

Hymn?- 

JESUS ! Creator of the world ! 
Of all mankind Redeemer blest ! 
True God of God, in Whom we see 
The Father s Image clear expressed ! 



Author unknown ; translation by the Rev. E. Caswall. 



THIRD WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 



259 



Thee, Saviour ! love alone constrained 
To make our mortal flesh Thine Own, 
And, as a second Adam, come 
For the first Adam to atone. 

That self-same love which made the sky, 
Which made the sea, and stars, and earth, 
Took pity on our misery, 
And broke the bondage of our birth. 

O JESUS ! In Thy Heart Divine 
May that same love for ever glow ! 
For ever mercy to mankind 
From that exhaustless Fountain flow ! 

For this Thy Sacred Heart was pierced, 
And both with Blood and Water ran 
To cleanse us from the stains of guilt, 
And be the hope and strength of man. 

To God the Father, and the Son, 
All praise, and power, and glory be, 
With Thee, O Holy Comforter ! 
Henceforth through all eternity. Amen. 

Verse. l I am come to send fire on 
the earth, 

Answer. And what will I, if it be 
already kindled ? 

Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed 
Virgin. 2 My heart hath looked for 
reproach and bitterness ; and I looked 
for some to take pity on me, and there 
was none ; and for comforters, and I 
found none. 

Commemoration of the Sunday. 

Antiphon. And all [Israel] from 
Dan even to Beersheba knew that 
Samuel was established a Prophet of 
the Lord. 

Verse. Let the evening prayer as 
cend unto Thee, O Lord. 

Answer. And let there descend 
upon us Thy mercy. 



Prayer. 

f~\ GOD, the Protector of all them 
V that trust in Thee, without 
Whom nothing is strong, nothing is 

1 Luke xii. 49. 



Holy ; increase and multiply upon us 
Thy mercy, that Thou being our ruler 
and guide, we may so pass through 
things temporal, that we finally lose 
not the things eternal. Through our 
Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who 
liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the 
unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, 
world without end. Amen. 

MATTINS. 

Invitatory. Christ suffered for us, 
* O come, let us worship Him ! 

Hymn. 

QF sin and love the Lord had died : 

Of sin, but not His own 
Of love, self-sprung, that drew Him down 
For sinners to atone. 

And sin, when in the last strong cry 

Had passed His latest breath, 
Still aimed the soldier s spear to pierce 

His pulseless Heart in death. 

Sin pierced Him, but His love called life 
Out of the Streams sin wrung: 

The Church, from out His Heart of love, 
In Blood and Water sprung. 

Where men would drown in sin, He set 
That Church o er sin s black tide 

An Ark of safety, Whose wide Door 
Was opened in His Side. 

Love gave those Streams from out His 
Heart 

In sevenfold tide to flow, 
Wherefrom our robes by faith and love 

May whiter rise than snow. 

O may we lay our sins aside 

Those sins that pierced His Heart 

And pray of Him new hearts of flesh, 
Hearts Christ-like, to impart. 

Grant it, O Father, Only Son, 

And Spirit, God of grace, 
To whom all worship shall be done, 

In every time and place. Amen. 

2 Ps. Ixviii. 21. 



260 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



FIRST NOCTURN. 

First Antiphon. l What is man, 
that Thou shouldest magnify him ? 
and that Thou shouldest set Thine 
Heart upon him ? 



Psalm VIII. 
O LORD, our Lord, &c., (p. 7.) 

Second Antiphon. Let the medita 
tion of my heart be acceptable in Thy 
sight for ever. 

Psalm XVIII. 
The heavens declare, (p. 17.) 

Third Antiphon. Be ye lift up, ye 
everlasting doors, and the King of 
glory shall come in. 

Psalm XXIII. 

The earth is the LORD S, &c., (p. 

46.) 

Verse. 2 LORD, Thou wilt ordain 
peace for us, 

Answer. For Thou hast also 
wrought all our works for us. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book of 
the Prophet Isaiah (xii. i.) 

Q LORD, I will praise Thee ; 
though Thou wast angry with 
me, Thine anger is turned away, and 
Thou comfortedst me. Behold, God 
is my salvation ; I will trust, and not 
be afraid ; for the LORD is my strength 
and my song ; He also is become my 
salvation. Therefore with joy shall ye 
draw water out of the wells of the 
Saviour ; and in that day shall ye say : 
Praise the LORD, and call upon His 



Name ; [declare His doings among 
the people ;] make mention that His 
Name is exalted. Sing unto the 
LORD, for He hath done excellent 
things ; make ye this known in all 
the earth. Cry out and shout, thou 
inhabitant of Zion, for great is the 
Holy One of Israel in the midst of 
thee ! 

First Responsory. 

3 1 am that Bread of life. Your 
fathers did eat manna in the wilder 
ness, and are dead. This is the Bread 
Which cometh down from heaven, that 
a man may eat thereof, and not die. 

Verse. I am the living Bread 
Which came down from heaven ; if 
any man eat of this Bread, he shall 
live for ever. 

Answer. This is the Bread Which 
cometh down from heaven, that a man 
may eat thereof, and not die. 



Second Lesson, (xxvi. i.) 



I 



N that day shall this song be sung 
in the land of Judah. 4 Zion is 
our strong city, the Saviour will God 
appoint in her for walls and bulwarks. 
Open ye the gates, that the righteous 
nation which keepeth the truth may 
enter in. The former wandering is 
past : Thou shalt keep lasting peace, 
because our trust is stayed on Thee. 
Ye trust in the LORD for ever, in the 
LORD GOD mighty for ever. For He 
bringeth down them that dwell on 
high, the lofty city, He shall lay it 
low, He shall lay it low, even to the 
ground. 

Second Respojisory. 

5 Behold, when we shall see Him, 
He hath no form nor comeliness : there 
is no beauty in Him : this is He 
Which hath borne our griefs and 



1 Job vii. 17. 

4 Zion, not in the Hebrew. 



2 Isa. 
5 Isa. 



XXVI. 12. 

liii. 2, 4. 



3 John vi. 48-52. 



THIRD WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 



26l 



carried our sorrows ; but He was 
wounded for our transgressions, and 
with His stripes we are healed. 

Verse. Surely He hath borne our 
griefs and carried our sorrows. 

Answer. And with His stripes we 
are healed. 

Third Lesson, (v. 7.) 

HPHE way of the just is upright, the 
path wherein the just walketh is 
upright. Yea, in the way of Thy 
judgments, O LORD, have we waited 
for Thee ; the desire of our soul is to 
Thy name, and to the remembrance 
of Thee. With my soul have I de 
sired Thee in the night ; yea, with 
mine inmost spirit will I seek Thee 
early. When Thy judgments are in 
the earth, the inhabitants of the world 
will learn righteousness. 

Third Responsory. 

1 Blessed be the LORD God of hosts, 
Who only doeth wondrous things. 
And blessed be His glorious Name 
for ever. 

Verse. And let the whole earth be 
filled with His glory. Amen. Amen. 

Answer. And blessed be His 
glorious Name for ever. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer. And blessed be His 
glorious Name for ever. 

SECOND NOCTURN. 

First Antiphon. With gladness 
and rejoicing shall they be brought ; 
they shall enter into the King s 
palace. 

Psalm XLIV. 

Mine heart is overflowing, &c., (p. 
96.) 



Second Antiphon. The Most High 
hath hallowed His Tabernacle. 



Psalm XLV. 

God is our refuge, &c., (p. 97.) 

Third Antiphon. All they that 
dwell in thee are in gladness. 

Psalm LXXXVI. 
Her foundation, &c., (p. 144.) 

Verse. Thine anger is turned away. 
Answer. And Thou comfortedst 
me. 

Fottrth Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Sermons 
of St Bernard, Abbat [of Clairvaux.] 
(3rd on the Lord s Passion.) 



OW that we have once reached 



N 

the Heart of JESUS, that Heart 
of exceeding sweetness, and know how 
that "it is good for us to be here," 
(Matth. xvii. 4,) let us never again 
suffer ourselves to be torn away from 
Him concerning Whom it is written : 
" They that depart from Thee shall be 
written in the earth." (Jer. xvii. 13.) 
But what portion is theirs that draw 
nigh unto Thee, Thou Thyself, O 
Lord, dost tell us, for Thou hast said 
unto such : " Rejoice, because your 
names are written in heaven." (Luke 
x. 20.) Unto Thee therefore let us 
draw nigh "we will be glad and 
rejoice in Thee" when "we remember 
Thine" Heart. (Cant. i. 3.) "Be 
hold, how good and pleasant it is to 
dwell in"(Ps. cxxxii. i) this Heart! 
Yea, let me cast away all things, all 
my thoughts, and all my feelings, 
let me cast them all away, and let me 
"cast all my care" (i Pet. v. 7) upon 
the Heart of the Lord JESUS "and He 
shall sustain me." (Ps. liv. 23.) 



1 Ps. Ixxi. 19. 



262 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



Fourth Responsory. 

] He that eateth My Flesh and 
drinketh My Blood, dwelleth in Me, 
and I in him. * P. T. Alleluia. 

Verse. 2 What nation is there so 
great, who hath gods so nigh unto 
them, as the LORD our God is to 
us? 

Answer. Dwelleth in Me, and I in 
him. * P. T. Alleluia. 



Fifth Lesson. 

"TOWARD this Temple, toward this 
Holy of Holies, towards this Ark 
of the covenant, " will I worship and 
praise Thy Name" (Ps. cxxxvii. 2) 
saying with David : " Thy servant 
hath found in his heart to pray this 
prayer unto Thee" (2 Kings vii. 27.) 
And I have found the Heart of JESUS, 
the Heart of my King, my Brother, 
and my tender Friend. And am I 
not to worship ? Yea, O JESUS most 
sweet, now that I have found this 
Heart, Which is both Thine and mine, 
I will worship Thee. O my God ! 
And, O, do Thou graciously let my 
supplication enter into that Sanctuary 
of mercy ! Draw me altogether into 
that Heart of Thine ! O JESUS, in 
the Perfection of Thy beauty fairer 
than the children of men, wash Thou 
me " thoroughly from mine iniquity 
and cleanse me from my sin," (Ps. 
1. 4,) that, being made pure by Thee, 
I may be able to come unto Thee, 
Who art Thyself most Pure, and that 
I may be meet " to dwell in Thy " 
Heart " all the days of my life, to be 
hold " (Ps. xxvi. 4) Thee, and to be 
strong to do Thy will. 



Fifth Responsory. 

3 He hath been brought as a lamb 
to the slaughter, and while he was 



evil-entreated he opened not his 
mouth : he was delivered up to death, 
that he might quicken his people. 

Verse. 4 He hath poured out his 
soul unto death, and he was numbered 
with the transgressors. 

Answer. That he might quicken 
his people. 

Sixth Lesson. 

/ T**O this end was Thy Side pierced, 
* that we might find a wide en 
trance there. To this end was Thine 
Heart wounded, that we might be able 
to dwell in It and in Thee, " hidden 
in the secret of Thy presence from the 
troubling of men." (Ps. xxx. 21.) 
Nevertheless, It was pierced to this 
end also, that behind that Bodily 
Wound which we see, we may per 
ceive that wound of love which is not 
bodily. And how could that love be 
more strikingly shown than it is by 
Him Who hath given, not His Body 
only, but His very Heart, to be pierced 
for us ? The bodily wound showeth 
the spiritual. Who is there that would 
not love that wounded Heart ? Who 
would not return love for love to Him 
That hath loved so well ? Who would 
not embrace Him Who standeth so 
pure ? While, therefore, we yet linger 
here in this body, let us love and love 
again Him Who hath first loved us, 
let us lay hold on that Wounded One, 
Wounded for us, Whose Hands and 
Feet, Whose Side and Heart, the 
wicked husbandmen have so pierced. 
(Matth. xxi. 35-39.) Let us stand 
waiting till He be pleased to constrain 
with the bond, and pierce with the 
spear, of His love, these hearts of ours 
that still are so hard and unrepentant. 
(So far St Bernard.} 

The Supreme Pontiff Clement XIII., 
to the end that Christ s faithful people 
might in still more godly and earnest 



1 John vi. 57. 



3 Cf. Isa. liii. 7; i Mace. vi. 44. 



4 Isa. liii. 12. 



THIRD WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 



sort call to mind, and more readily 
drink in the fruits of, the wondrous 
love of Him Who suffered for us, Who 
laid down His life for the redemption 
of man, and who hath instituted the 
Sacrament of His Own Body and 
Blood for a continual showing-forth 
of His death, of which love His Most 
Sacred Heart is an embodiment, 
granted the prayer of certain Churches, 
which desired to observe a Festival 
in honour of the said Most Sacred 
Heart. 

This Feast Pius IX. extended to the 
whole Church, and at length the 
Supreme Pontiff, Leo XIII., in accord 
ance with the wishes of the whole 
Catholic world, raised it to the rank 
of a Double of the First Class. 



Sixth Responsory. 

1 Great is the LORD, and greatly to 
be praised, and His Wisdom is un 
searchable. 

Verse. 2 Great is our Lord, and of 
great power, and His understanding 
is infinite. 

Answer. And His Wisdom is un 
searchable. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, and 
to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost. 

Answer. And His Wisdom is 
unsearchable. 



THIRD NOCTURN. 

First Antiphon. Show forth His 
salvation from day to day. 



Psalm XCV. 
O sing unto the LORD, c., (p. 148.) 

Second Antiphon. Worship Him, 
all ye His Angels ! Zion heard, and 
was glad. 



Psalm XCVI. 
The LORD reigneth, &c., (p. 149.) 

Third Antiphon. All the ends of 
the earth have seen the salvation of 
our God. 

Psalm XCVI I. 
O sing unto the LORD, &c., (p. 157.) 

Verse. 3 Out of Zion, the Perfection 
of beauty, 

Answer. Our God shall come 
manifestly. 

Seventh Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Holy 
Gospel according to John (xix. 31.) 

A T that time : The Jews, because it 
was the Preparation, that the 
bodies should not remain upon the 
cross on the Sabbath-day (for that 
Sabbath was an high day) besought 
Pilate that their legs might be broken, 
and that they might be taken away. 
And so on. 

Homily by St Austin, Bishop [of 
Hippo.] ( 1 2 oth Tract on John. ) 

" One of the soldiers with a spear 
pierced His Side, and forthwith came 
thereout Blood and Water." The 
Evangelist speaketh carefully. He 
saith not that He smote the Side, 
nor yet that he wounded It, nor yet 
anything else, but " pierced "- 
"pierced" It, to fling wide the en 
trance unto life, whence flow the 
Sacraments of the Church, those 
Sacraments without which there is 
no entrance unto the life which is 
life indeed. That Blood Which was 
shed there was shed for the remission 
of sins, that Water is the water that 
mantleth in the cup of salvation. 
Therein are we washed and thereof 



1 Ps. xlvii. 2. 



" Ps. cxlvi. 5. 



3 Ps. xlix. 2. 



264 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



do we drink. Of this was it a type 
when it was said unto Noah: "The 
door of the ark shalt thou set in the 
side thereof .... and of every living- 
thing of all flesh shalt thou bring into 
the ark .... to keep them alive." 
(Gen. vi. 16, 19.) A figure this of 
the Church. 

Seventh Responsory. 

1 As the living Father hath sent Me, 
and I live by the Father, so he that 
eateth Me, even he shall live by Me. 
* P. T. Alleluia. 

Verse. 2 With the bread of life 
and understanding hath the Lord fed 
him. 

Answer. So he that eateth Me, 
even he shall live by Me. * P. 7\ 
Alleluia. 

Eighth Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Homilies 
of St John Chrysostom, [Patriarch 
of Constantinople. ] ( 8 tfh on John, ) 



C EEST thou the power of the truth ? 
The act of the Jews was a mean 
to the fulfilment of prophecy, whereby 
another truth was made manifest. 
" Then came the soldiers, and brake 
the legs of the first, and of the other, 
which was crucified with Him. But 
when they came to JESUS, and saw 
that He was dead already, they brake 
not His Legs ; but one of the soldiers 
with a spear pierced His Side." Will 
ing to do the Jews a pleasure, that 
man outraged his Redeemer even in 
death vile and iniquitous willingness ! 
But rest Thou still, O Thou Whom 
my soul loveth ! they thought to do 
it wickedly, but they did service to 
the truth. " For these things were 
done that the Scripture should be 
fulfilled: A bone of Him shall not 
be broken and again another Scrip 
ture saith : They shall look on Him 

1 John vi. 58. 



Whom they pierced. " Nor was it 
done for this alone, but it was after 
ward a mean to faith for Thomas and 
them that were with him. And yet 
again another great mystery was here 
established, for : " forthwith came 
thereout Blood and Water." Nor 
idly nor perchance sprang forth that 
twofold fountain, for the Church, like 
her Great Head, "came by Water 
and Blood not by Water only, but 
by Water and Blood." (i John v. 6.) 

Eighth Responsory. 

Our Shepherd, even the Fountain of 
living waters, is gone from us ; He 
passed away, and the sun was darkened. 
Our Saviour hath burst the gates and 
bars of death. 

Verse. The bands of hell He hath 
utterly abolished, and hath done away 
the power of the devil. 

Answer. Our Saviour hath burst 
the gates and bars of death. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer. Our Saviour hath burst 
the gates and bars of death. 

Ninth Blessing. 

May the Gospel s glorious word 
Cleansing to our souls afford. 

Ninth Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Holy 
Gospel according to Luke (xv. I.) 

A T that time : There drew near 
*"* unto JESUS the publicans and 
sinners, for to hear Him. And so on. 

Homily by Pope St Gregory [the 
Great.] (34/# on the Gospels.} 

Ye have heard, my brethren, from 
the Gospel which hath but now been 

2 Ecclus. xv. 3. 



THIRD WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 



265 



read, how that the publicans and sin 
ners drew near unto our Redeemer, 
and how that He received them, not 
only to converse, but also to eat with 
Him. And when the Pharisees and 
Scribes saw it, they murmured. From 
this learn ye, that true righteousness 
is merciful, and false righteousness is 
contemptuous, albeit that the righteous 
also oft-times feel moved with just in 
dignation at sinners. But it is one 
thing to feel thus indignant through 
pride, and another to feel so through 
love of law. The righteous indeed 
look down upon sinners, and yet, as 
not despising them ; they abandon 
them, and yet, as not without hope ; 
they fight against them, and yet, as 
loving them all the while ; for if they 
be behoven to chasten them grievously 
as touching the outer man, yet is it 
through charity which offereth sweet 
ness to their inner man. In their 
hearts they prefer before themselves 
them whom they are correcting ; they 
hold as better than themselves them 
whom they judge. And thus doing, 
they watch by carefulness over them, 
which are committed unto their charge, 
and, by lowly-mindedness, over them 
selves. On the other hand, they 
whose exaltation cometh of a false 
righteousness, look down upon their 
neighbour, but are softened by no 
mercy toward his misery, and are all 
the more sinful, because they perceive 
not that they themselves are sinners. 
Of such were those Pharisees who 
judged the Lord because He re 
ceived sinners, and, in the dryness of 
their own heart, rebuked the very 
Fountain of mercy. They were sick 
of so desperate a sickness that they 
knew not of themselves that they were 
sick ; but, that they might know that 
they were so, the Heavenly Physician 
applied to them His tender ointments, 



and, by means of a gracious parable, 
lanced the boil of their pride of heart. 



LAUDS. 

First Antiphon. l Learn of Me, * 
for I am meek and lowly in Heart. 

Second Antiphon. 2 I have sancti 
fied this place, * that My Name may 
be there for ever, and Mine eyes, and 
Mine heart shall be there perpetually. 

Third Antiphon. 3 And I said: 
Then have I cleansed my heart * in 
vain, and washed my hands in inno- 
cency, for all the day long have I 
been plagued. 

Fourth Antiphon. 4 In the multi 
tude of the sorrows * within my heart, 
Thy comforts delight my soul. 

Fifth Antiphon. 5 Set me as a 
seal upon thine heart, * as a seal 
upon thine arm. 



Chapter. (Isa. xii. 2, 3.) 

"DEHOLD, God is my salvation ; I 
will trust, and not be afraid ; 
for the LORD is my strength and my 
song ; He also is become my salva 
tion. Therefore with joy shall ye 
draw water out of the wells of the 
Saviour. 

Hymn. 

JESUS! behind Thy Temple s Veil, 
J Hid in an ark of gold, 
On stones engraven, lay the Law 
Thy finger wrote of old. 

But, in Thy Body s Temple new, 
Thy Life- Blood s throbbing Shrine, 

Held, upon Fleshly Tables graved, 
The Law of love Divine. 

And when that Heart in death was stilled, 
Each Temple s Veil was riven : 

And lo ! within Thy love s red Shrine 
To us to look was given ! 



1 Matth. xi. 29. 
4 Ps. xciii. 19. 



2 2 Par. (Chron.) vii. 16. 
5 Cant. viii. 6. 



3 Ps. Ixxii. 13. 



266 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



There make us gaze and see the love 
Which drew Thee, for our sake, 

O Great High Priest ! Thyself to God 
A Sacrifice to make. 

Thou, Saviour ! cause that every soul 
Which Thou hast loved so well, 

May will within Thine opened Heart 
In life and death to dwell. 

Grant it, O Father, Only Son, 

And Spirit, God of grace, 
To Whom all worship shall be done 

In every time and place. Amen. 

Verse. l Surely He hath borne our 
griefs. 

Answer, And carried our sorrows. 

Antiphon at the Song of Zacharias. 
1 He was wounded for our transgres 
sions. He was bruised for our ini 
quities : the chastisement of our peace 
was upon Him, and with His stripes 
we are healed. 



Prayer throughout the Office. 

O ALMIGHTY God, grant, we be 
seech Thee, that all we who do 
make our boast in the most Holy 
Heart of Thy well-beloved Son, and 
do tell of the wondrous works of His 
love to us-ward, may be blessed in 
knowing both what He hath wrought 
for us and also what He is able and 
willing to work in us. Through the 
Same our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, 
Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, 
in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one 
God, world without end. Amen. 

Commemoration of the Sunday. 

Antiphon. What man of you, hav 
ing an hundred sheep, if he lose one 
of them, doth not leave the ninety 
and nine in the wilderness, and go 
after that which is lost, until he find 
it ? Alleluia. 



Verse. The Lord reigneth ; He is 
clothed with majesty. 

Answer. The Lord is clothed with 
strength, and hath girded Himself with 
power. 

Prayer as at Commemoration on 
Saturday evening. 

PRIME. 

Antiphon. Learn of Me, &c., (First 
Antipho?i at Lauds.} 

In the Short Responsory instead of 
"Thou That sittest, &c.," is said: 

Verse. Thou That didst suffer for 
us. 

Chapter at the end. (Isa. xii. 5.) 

CING unto the LORD, for He hath 
^ done excellent things. Make ye 
this known in all the earth. Cry out 
and shout, thou inhabitant of Zion ! 
For great is the Holy One of Israel in 
the midst of thee ! 



TERCE. 

Antiphon. I have sanctified, &c. 
(Second Antiphon at Lauds.} 

Chapter from Lauds. 

Short Responsory. 

Surely He hath borne our griefs. 

Answer. Surely He hath borne our 
griefs. 

Verse. And carried our sorrows. 

Answer. He hath borne our griefs. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, and 
to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost. 

Answer. Surely He hath borne our 
griefs. 

Verse. He maketh peace in Thy 
borders. 

Answer. And filleth thee with the 
finest of the wheat. 



Isa. liii. 4, 5. 



THIRD WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 



267 



Antiphon. And I said, &c., (Third 
Antiphon at Lattds.} 

Chapter. (Isa. xii. 4.) 

T N that day shall ye say : Praise the 
LORD, and call upon His Name ! 
make mention that His Name is ex 
alted. 

Short Responsory. 

He maketh peace in thy borders. 

Answer. He maketh peace in thy 
borders. 

Verse. And filleth thee with the 
finest of the wheat. 

Answer. Peace in thy borders. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer. He maketh peace in thy 
borders. 

Verse. l O Lord, Thou hast loosed 
my bonds. 

Answer. I will offer to Thee the 
sacrifice of thanksgiving. 

NONE. 

Antiphon. Set me as a seal, &c., 
(Fifth Antiphon at Lauds.} 

Chapter as at the end of Prime. 



Short Responsory. 

O Lord, Thou hast loosed my 
bonds. 

Answer. O Lord, Thou hast loosed 
my bonds. 

Verse. I will offer to Thee the 
sacrifice of thanksgiving. 

A?iswer. Thou hast loosed my 
bonds. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

1 Ps. cxv. 16, 17. 



Answer. O Lord, Thou hast loosed 
my bonds. 

Verse. 2 It shall be to the LORD 
for a Name, for an everlasting Sign 

Answer. That shall not be cut off. 

SECOND VESPERS. 

All as the First, except the follow 
ing. 

Verse. With joy shall ye draw 
water. 

Answer. Out of the wells of the 
Saviour. 

Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed 
Virgin. But when they came to 
JESUS, and saw that He was dead al 
ready, they brake not His Legs : but 
one of the soldiers with a spear pierced 
His Side, and forthwith came thereout 
Blood and Water. 



Commemoratio?i of the Sunday. 

Antiphon. What woman, having 
ten pieces of silver, if she lose one 
piece, doth not light a candle, and 
sweep the house, and seek diligently 
till she find it? 

Verse. Let my prayer, O Lord, be 
set forth. 

Answer. As incense before Thee. 

Prayer as at Commemoration on 
Saturday evening. 



The Offices for the Sundays and 
Week-days between this point and the 
Saturday evening before Advent Sun 
day are no longer, as heretofore, to be 
found in one place. The Proper Office 
of the Season occupies three sections, 
placed in the order of the Nocturns to 
which they belong. These sections are 
arra?iged to contain as follows : 
/. Lessons from the Books of Kings 

2 Isa. lv. 13. 



268 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



for every day for nine weeks, together 
with Lessons for the Second Noct urn of 
each of the nine Sundays, and Anti- 
phons for the Song of the Blessed Vir 
gin on each preceding Saturday even 
ing. This section is begun on the 
Monday of the Third Week after 
Pentecost and continued till the Satur 
day preceding that Sunday which is 
nearest to the first day of the month of 
August. If there then remains any 
part of it unread that part is for that 
year entirely omitted. 

II. The Lessons for the Ember-Days 
of Septejnber are Homilies on the Gos 
pels, taken from the Venerable Bede, 
and St Gregory the Great; and in this 
translation, though not so in the ori 
ginal, there are inserted into this Sec 
tion the complete offices of a few Fes 
tivals the observance of whieh is co 
extensive with that of the Roman Rite, 
and which are fixed on certain of the 
Sundays. On the Sunday nearest to 
the first day of the month of August is 
begun the Book of Proverbs, and this 
Section contains lessons for every day 

J or five weeks in each of the months of 
August, September, October, and Nov 
ember, taken from Proverbs, Ecclesi- 
astes, Wisdom, Ecclesiasticus, Job, 
Tobit, Judith, Esther, \st and 2nd 
Machabees, Ezekiel, Daniel, and the 
Minor Prophets. 

III. Those parts of the Offices, for 
the Sundays from the Fourth to the 
Twenty-third Simday after Pentecost, 
and for the Sunday next before Advent, 
which depend upon the Gospels for each 
of those Sundays respectively; that is 
to say, the Lessons for the Third Noc- 
turn and the Antiphons for the Songs 
of Zacharias and of the Blessed Virgin 
Mary. Here also is to be found the 
Prayer for each Sunday, which Prayer 
is read from the Saturday evening pre 
ceding the Sunday to which it belongs 
till None on the Saturday following, 



except in special cases and in that of 
Festivals falling after the Sunday. To 
these are added, for convenience" 1 sake, 
a reprint of such parts of the Offices 
for the four Sundays (the Third, 
Fourth, Fifth, and Sixth] after the 
Epiphany as may have been dropped 
owing to the earliness of Easter, and 
are now to be used for the Stmdays 
which would otherwise be vacant be 
tween the 2.^rd after Pentecost and that 
next before Advent. 



Second Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the First 
Book of Kings (x. 17.) 

A ND Samuel called the people to 
gether unto the LORD to Mizpeh, 
and said unto the children of Israel : 
Thus saith the LORD God of Israel : 
I brought up Israel out of Egypt, and 
delivered you out of the hand of the 
Egyptians, and out of the hand of all 
kings that oppressed you. And ye 
have this day rejected your God, Who 
Himself Alone saved you out of all 
your adversities and your tribulations, 
and ye have said unto Him : Nay, 
but set a king over us. Now there 
fore, present yourselves before the 
LORD by your tribes and by your 
families. 

First Responsory. 

Remember, O Lord, Thy covenant, 
and say unto the destroying Angel : 
Stay now thine hand, that the land be 
not utterly laid waste, and that thou 
destroy not every living soul. 

Verse. T Even I it is that have 
sinned, and done evil indeed : but 



1 2 Kings (Sam.) xxiv. 17 ; i Par. (Chron.) xxi. 17. 



THIRD WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 



269 



these sheep what 
Let Thine anger, 
LORD, be turned 
people. 

Answer. That 
utterly laid 
destroy not 



have they done ? 
I pray Thee, O 
away from Thy 



the 



waste, and 
every living 



land be not 
that Thou 
soul. 



Second Lesson. 

A ND when Samuel had caused all 
the tribes of Israel to come near, 
the tribe of Benjamin was taken. And 
when he had caused the tribe of Ben 
jamin to come near by their families, 
the family of Metri was taken. And 
Saul the son of Kish was taken. 
And when they sought him he could 
not be found. Therefore they en 
quired of the LORD further, if the 
man should yet come thither. And 
the LORD answered : Behold, he hath 
hid himself in the house. And they 
ran and fetched him thence : and 
when he stood among the people he 
was higher than any of the people 
from his shoulders and upward. And 
Samuel said to all the people : Ye 
see him whom the LORD hath chosen, 
that there is none like him among 
all the people. And all the people 
shouted and said : God save the 
King ! 

Second Rcsponsory. 

O Lord, Thou hast hearkened, &c., 

(p. 224.) 

Third Lesson. 

^PH?:N Samuel told the people the 
manner of the kingdom, and 
wrote it in a book, and laid it up 
before the LORD ; and Samuel sent 
all the people away, every man to 
his house. And Saul also went home 
to Gibeah ; and there went with him 
a band of men whose hearts God had 
touched. But the children of Belial 



said : How shall this man save us ? 
And they despised him and brought 
him no presents : but he made as 
though he heard it not. 

Third Rcsponsory. 
Hearken, O LORD, &c., (p. 225.) 



Third l)<iy. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the First 
Book of Kings (xii. i.) 

A Nl) Samuel said unto all Israel: 
Behold, I have hearkened unto 
your voice in all thai ye said unto 
me, and have made a king over you. 
And now, behold, the king walkelh 
before you. And I am old and gray- 
headed ; and behold my sons are with 
you. And I have walked before you 
from my childhood unto this clay ; be 
hold, here I am. Witness against 
me before the LORD, and before His 
Anointed, whose ox have I taken, or 
whose ass have I taken ? Whom 
have I defrauded, whom have I op 
pressed, or of whose hand have I 
received any bribe ? And I will con 
demn myself this day, and will restore 
it you. And they said : Thou hast 
not defrauded us, nor oppressed us, 
neither hast thou taken aught of any 
man s hand. And he said unto them : 
The LORD is witness against you, and 
His Anointed is witness this day, that 
ye have not found aught in my hand. 
And they answered : He is witness. 

( First Rcsponsory. 

1 Lord, when Thy people shall turn 
again to Thee, and shall pray unto 



1 3 (i) Kings viii. 33. 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



Thee in this house, then hear Thou in 
heaven, O Lord, and deliver them out 
of the hand of their enemies. 

Verse. If Thy people sin against 
Thee, and turn again, and repent, and 
come and pray unto Thee in this 
house. 

Answer. Then hear Thou in 
heaven, O Lord, and deliver them out 
of the hand of their enemies. 



Second Lesson. 

AND Samuel said unto the people : 
*^ It is the LORD That advanced 
Moses and Aaron, and That brought 
your fathers up out of the land of 
Egypt. Now therefore, stand still, 
that I may reason with you before the 
LORD, of all the merciful acts of the 
LORD, which He did to you and to 
your fathers. When Jacob was come 
into Egypt, and your fathers cried unto 
the LORD ; then the LORD sent Moses 
and Aaron, and brought forth your 
fathers out of Egypt, and made them 
dwell in this place. And when they 
forgat the LORD their God, He sold 
them into the hand of Sisera, captain 
of the host of Hazor, and into the hand 
of the Philistines, and into the hand of 
the king of Moab, and they fought 
against them. 



Second Responsory. 

1 And it came to pass when the 
Lord would take up Elijah into heaven 
by a whirlwind ; Elisha cried, and 
said : My father, my father, the 
chariot of Israel, and the horsemen 
thereof. 



Verse. And as they still went on, 
and talked, behold, there appeared a 
chariot of fire, and horses of fire, 
and parted them both asunder, and 
Elijah went up by a whirlwind into 
heaven. 

Answer. Elisha cried, and said : 
My father, my father, the chariot of 
Israel, and the horsemen thereof. 

Third Lesson. 

A FTERWARD they cried unto the 
^* LORD, and said : We have 
sinned, because we have forsaken the 
LORD, and have served Baalim and 
Ashtaroth : but now deliver us out of 
the hand of our enemies, and we will 
serve Thee. And the LORD sent 
Jerubbaal, 2 and Bedan, 3 and Jephthah, 
and Samuel, and delivered you out of 
the hand of your enemies on every 
side, and ye dwelled safe. And when 
ye saw that Nahash, the king of the 
children of Ammon, came against you, 
ye said unto me : " Nay ; but a king 
shall reign over us," when the LORD 
your God was your King. Now there 
fore, behold your king, whom ye have 
chosen, and whom ye have desired. 
Behold, the LORD hath set a king 
over you. If ye will fear the LORD, 
and serve Him, and obey His voice, 
and not rebel against the command 
ment of the LORD, then shall both ye, 
and also the king that reigneth over 
you, continue following the LORD 
your God. 

Third Responsory. 

Thus saith the LORD : I took thee, 
&c., (p. 223.) 



1 4 (2) Kings ii. r, 12, n. 

2 " Let-Baal-defend-himself " a nickname of Gideon, from the remark made by his father to 
save him from the vengeance of the idolaters for hewing down their altar and cutting down their 
grove. (Judges vi. 32.") The true believers altered this into " Jerubbeshesh " i.e., " Let-the- 
shameful-thing-defend-itself." 

3 This name occurs nowhere else, and appears most probably to indicate Samson under the 
name of Ben-Dan, or the Danite, contracted or corrupted into Bedan. 



THIRD WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 



Fourth Day. 
MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the First 
Book of Kings (xiii. i.) 

CAUL reigned one year, and when 
he had reigned two years over 
Israel, Saul chose him three thousand 
men of Israel : whereof two thousand 
were with Saul in Michmash, and in 
mount Bethel, and a thousand were 
with Jonathan in Gibeah of Benjamin. 
And the rest of the people he sent 
every man to his tent. And Jonathan 
smote the garrison of the Philistines 
that was in Geba. And when the 
Philistines heard of it, Saul blew the 
trumpet throughout all the land, say 
ing : Let the Hebrews hear. And all 
Israel heard say that Saul had smitten 
a garrison of the Philistines, and that 
Israel was raised against the Philis 
tines. And the people were called 
together after Saul to Gilgal. 

First Responsory. 
My sins are many, &c., (p. 224.) 

Second Lesson. 

A ND the Philistines gathered them 
selves together to fight with 
Israel, thirty thousand chariots, and 
six thousand horsemen, and people as 
the sand which is on the sea-shore in 
multitude. And they came up and 
pitched in Michmash, eastward from 
Bethaven. When the men of Israel 
saw that they were in a strait, (for the 
people were distressed,) then the 
people did hide themselves in caves, 
and in thickets, and in rocks, and in 
caverns, and in cisterns. And some 
of the Hebrews went over Jordan to 
the land of Gad and Gilead. As for 



Saul, he was yet in Gilgal, and all the 
people followed him trembling. And 
he tarried seven days according to the 
set time that Samuel had appointed, 
but Samuel came not to Gilgal, and 
the people were scattered from him. 

Second Responsory. 

O Lord, Thou hast hearkened, &c., 
(p. 224.) 

Third Lesson. 

A ND Saul said : Bring hither a 
^ burnt-offering to me, and peace- 
offerings. And he offered the burnt- 
offering. And it came to pass that as 
soon as he had made an end of offer 
ing the burnt-offering, behold, Samuel 
came : and Saul went out to meet him, 
that he might salute him. And 
Samuel said unto him : What hast 
thou done ? And Saul said : Because 
I saw that the people were scattered 
from me, and that thou earnest not 
within the days appointed, and that 
the Philistines gathered themselves 
together at Michmash, therefore said 
I : The Philistines will come down 
now upon me to Gilgal, and I have 
not made supplication unto the LORD. 
I forced myself therefore, and offered 
a burnt-offering. And Samuel said to 
Saul : Thou hast done foolishly, thou 
hast not kept the commandment of 
the LORD thy God, which He com 
manded thee. For, now, if thou 
hadst not done it, the LORD would 
have established thy kingdom upon 
Israel for ever, but now thy kingdom 
shall not continue. The LORD hath 
sought Him a man after His own 
heart ; and the LORD hath com 
manded him to be Captain over His 
people, because thou hast not kept that 
which the LORD commanded thee. 

Third Responsory. 
Hearken, O LORD, &c., (p. 225.) 



2/2 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



Fifth Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the First 
Book of Kings (xiv. 6.) 

A ND Jonathan said to the young 
** man that bare his armour : 
Come, and let us go over unto the 
garrison of these uncircumcised, it 
may be that the LORD will work for 
us ; for there is no restraint to the 
LORD, to save by many or by few. 
And his armour-bearer said unto him : 
Do all that is in thine heart ; turn thee 
where thou wiliest, and I will be with 
thee wherever thou wilt go. Then 
said Jonathan : Behold, we will pass 
over unto these men, and when we 
discover ourselves unto them, if they 
say thus, Tarry until we come to you, 
then we will stand still in our place, 
and will not go up unto them. But if 
they say thus, Come up unto us, then 
we will go up, for the LORD hath 
delivered them into our hand ; and 
this shall be a sign unto us. And 
both of them discovered themselves 
unto the garrison of the Philistines, 
and the Philistines said : Behold, the 
Hebrews come forth out of the holes, 
where they had hid themselves. 

First Responsory. 
Prepare your hearts, &c., (p. 221.) 

Secojid Lesson. 

AND the men of the garrison spake 
^^ unto Jonathan and his armour- 
bearer, and said : Come up to us, and 
we will show you a thing. And Jona 
than said unto his armour-bearer : Let 
us go up, follow me ; for the LORD 
hath delivered them into the hand of 



Israel. And Jonathan climbed up 
upon his hands and upon his feet, 
and his armour-bearer after him. 
And some fell before Jonathan, and 
some his armour-bearer slew after 
him. And that first slaughter which 
Jonathan and his armour-bearer made 
was about twenty men, within, as it 
were, an half acre of land, which a 
yoke of oxen might plough. And 
there was trembling in the host, in 
the field, and among all the people, 
the garrison and the spoilers, they 
also trembled and the earth quaked : 
so it was as a wonder from God. 

Second Responsory. 
God Which heareth, &c., (p. 222.) 

Third Lesson. 

A ND the watchmen of Saul in 
^^ Gibeah of Benjamin looked, 
and, behold, the multitude was 
beaten and melted away. Then said 
Saul unto the people that were with 
him : Number now, and see who is 
gone from us. And when they had 
numbered, behold, Jonathan and his 
armour-bearer were not there. And 
Saul said unto Ahiah : Bring hither 
the Ark of God. (For the Ark of 
God was at that time with the chil 
dren of Israel.) And it came to pass 
while Saul talked unto the Priest, that 
the noise that was in the host of 
the Philistines went on and increased. 
And Saul said unto the Priest : With 
draw thine hand. And Saul and all 
the people that were with him as 
sembled themselves, and they came to 
the battle, and, behold, every man s 
sword was against his fellow, and 
there was a very great slaughter. 

Third Responsory. 

The LORD That delivered, &c., 

(P. 222.) 



THIRD WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 



273 



Sixth Day. 

MATTINS. 
First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the First 
Book of Kings (xv. i.) 

C AMUEL also said unto Saul : The 
^ LORD sent me to anoint thee to 
be king over His people Israel ; now 
therefore, hearken thou unto the voice 
of the LORD. Thus saith the LORD 
of hosts : I remember that which 
Amalek did to Israel ; how he laid 
wait for him in the way, when he 
came up from Egypt. Now there 
fore, go and smite Amalek, and utterly 
destroy all that they have ; spare 
them not, and set not thine eyes 
upon any of their goods to desire 
them, but slay both man and woman, 
infant and suckling, ox and sheep, 
camel and ass. 



First Responsory. 
Saul hath slain, &c., (p. 223.) 



alive : and utterly destroyed all the 
people with the edge of the sword. 

Second Responsory. 

Ye mountains of Gilboa, &c., (p. 
223.) 

Third Lesson. 

T)UT Saul and the people spared 
Agag, and the best of the sheep 
and of the oxen, and of the garments, 
and of the rams, and all that was 
good, and would not utterly destroy 
them ; but everything that was vile 
and refuse, that they destroyed utterly. 
Then came the word of the LORD 
unto Samuel, saying : It repenteth 
Me that I have set up Saul to be 
King, for he is turned back from 
following Me, and hath not per 
formed My commandments. And it 
grieved Samuel, and he cried unto 
the LORD all night. 

Third Responsory. 

Thus saith the LORD : I took thee, 
&c., (p. 223.) 



Second Lesson. 

A ND Saul gathered the people to- 
^^ gether and numbered them like 
sheep, two hundred thousand foot, and 
ten thousand men of Judah. And 
Saul came to a city of Amalek, and 
laid wait in the valley. And Saul 
said unto the Kenites : Go, depart, 
get you down from among the Ama- 
lekites, lest I destroy you with them. 
For ye showed kindness to all the 
children of Israel, when they came 
up out of Egypt. So the Kenites 
departed from among the Amalekites. 
And Saul smote the Amalekites from 
Havila until thou comest unto Shur, 
that is over against Egypt. And he 
took Agag the king of the Amalekites 



The Sabbath. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesso7i. 

The Lesson is taken from the First 
Book of Kings (xvi. i.) 

AND the Lord said unto Samuel : 
^^ How long wilt thou mourn for 
Saul, seeing that I have rejected him 
from reigning over Israel ? Fill thine 
horn with oil and go, I will send thee 
to Jesse the Bethlehemite ; for I have 
provided Me a king among his sons. 
And Samuel said : How can I go ? 
For Saul will hear it, and kill me. 



2/2 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



Fifth Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the First 
Book of Kings (xiv. 6.) 

A ND Jonathan said to the young 
"** man that bare his armour : 
Come, and let us go over unto the 
garrison of these uncircumcised, it 
may be that the LORD will work for 
us ; for there is no restraint to the 
LORD, to save by many or by few. 
And his armour-bearer said unto him : 
Do all that is in thine heart ; turn thee 
where thou wiliest, and I will be with 
thee wherever thou wilt go. Then 
said Jonathan : Behold, we will pass 
over unto these men, and when we 
discover ourselves unto them, if they 
say thus, Tarry until we come to you, 
then we will stand still in our place, 
and will not go up unto them. But if 
they say thus, Come up unto us, then 
we will go up, for the LORD hath 
delivered them into our hand ; and 
this shall be a sign unto us. And 
both of them discovered themselves 
unto the garrison of the Philistines, 
and the Philistines said : Behold, the 
Hebrews come forth out of the holes, 
where they had hid themselves. 

First Responsory. 
Prepare your hearts, &c., (p. 221.) 

Second Lesson. 

AND the men of the garrison spake 
"^^ unto Jonathan and his armour- 
bearer, and said : Come up to us, and 
we will show you a thing. And Jona 
than said unto his armour-bearer : Let 
us go up, follow me ; for the LORD 
hath delivered them into the hand of 



Israel. And Jonathan climbed up 
upon his hands and upon his feet, 
and his armour-bearer after him. 
And some fell before Jonathan, and 
some his armour-bearer slew after 
him. And that first slaughter which 
Jonathan and his armour-bearer made 
was about twenty men, within, as it 
were, an half acre of land, which a 
yoke of oxen might plough. And 
there was trembling in the host, in 
the field, and among all the people, 
the garrison and the spoilers, they 
also trembled and the earth quaked : 
so it was as a wonder from God. 

Second Responsory. 
God Which heareth, &c., (p. 222.) 

Third Lesson. 

AND the watchmen of Saul in 
" Gibeah of Benjamin looked, 
and, behold, the multitude was 
beaten and melted away. Then said 
Saul unto the people that were with 
him : Number now, and see who is 
gone from us. And when they had 
numbered, behold, Jonathan and his 
armour-bearer were not there. And 
Saul said unto Ahiah : Bring hither 
the Ark of God. (For the Ark of 
God was at that time with the chil 
dren of Israel.) And it came to pass 
while Saul talked unto the Priest, that 
the noise that was in the host of 
the Philistines went on and increased. 
And Saul said unto the Priest : With 
draw thine hand. And Saul and all 
the people that were with him as 
sembled themselves, and they came to 
the battle, and, behold, every man s 
sword was against his fellow, and 
there was a very great slaughter. 

Third Responsory. 

The LORD That delivered, &c., 
(p. 222.) 



THIRD WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 



273 



Sixth Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the First 
Book of Kings (xv. I.) 

C AMUEL also said unto Saul : The 
LORD sent me to anoint thee to 
be king over His people Israel ; now 
therefore, hearken thou unto the voice 
of the LORD. Thus saith the LORD 
of hosts : I remember that which 
Amalek did to Israel ; how he laid 
wait for him in the way, when he 
came up from Egypt. Now there 
fore, go and smite Amalek, and utterly 
destroy all that they have ; spare 
them not, and set not thine eyes 
upon any of their goods to desire 
them, but slay both man and woman, 
infant and suckling, ox and sheep, 
camel and ass. 

First Responsory. 
Saul hath slain, &c., (p. 223.) 



alive : and utterly destroyed all the 
people with the edge of the sword. 

Second Responsory. 

Ye mountains of Gilboa, &c., (p. 
223.) 

Third Lesson. 

T)UT Saul and the people spared 
Agag, and the best of the sheep 
and of the oxen, and of the garments, 
and of the rams, and all that was 
good, and would not utterly destroy 
them ; but everything that was vile 
and refuse, that they destroyed utterly. 
Then came the word of the LORD 
unto Samuel, saying : It repenteth 
Me that I have set up Saul to be 
King, for he is turned back from 
following" Me, and hath not per 
formed My commandments. And it 
grieved Samuel, and he cried unto 
the LORD all night. 

Third Responsory. 

Thus saith the LORD : I took thee, 
&c, (p. 223.) 



Second Lesson. 

A ND Saul gathered the people to- 
^^ gether and numbered them like 
sheep, two hundred thousand foot, and 
ten thousand men of Judah. And 
Saul came to a city of Amalek, and 
laid wait in the valley. And Saul 
said unto the Kenites : Go, depart, 
get you down from among the Ama- 
lekites, lest I destroy you with them. 
For ye showed kindness to all the 
children of Israel, when they came 
up out of Egypt. So the Kenites 
departed from among the Amalekites. 
And Saul smote the Amalekites from 
Havila until thou comest unto Shur, 
that is over against Egypt. And he 
took Agag the king of the Amalekites 



The Sabbath. 

MATTINS. 

First Less oil. 

The Lesson is taken from the First 
Book of Kings (xvi. I.) 

AND the Lord said unto Samuel : 
^^ How long wilt thou mourn for 
Saul, seeing that I have rejected him 
from reigning over Israel ? Fill thine 
horn with oil and go, I will send thee 
to Jesse the Bethlehemite ; for I have 
provided Me a king among his sons. 
And Samuel said : How can I go ? 
For Saul will hear it, and kill me. 



2 7 6 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



an helmet of brass upon his head, 
and he was clothed with a coat of 
mail covered with scales of metal. 
And the weight of the coat was five 
thousand shekels of brass. And he 
had greaves of brass upon his legs, 
and a target of brass between his 
shoulders. And the staff of his spear 
was like a weaver s beam. And his 
spear s head weighed six hundred 
shekels of iron, and his armour- 
bearer went before him. 



First Responsory. 
Prepare your hearts, &c., (p. 221.) 

Second Lesson. 

AND he stood and cried unto the 
armies of Israel, and said unto 
them : Why are ye come out to set 
your battle in array ? Am not I a 
Philistine, and ye servants of Saul ? 
Choose you a man for you, and let 
him come down to me to single com 
bat. If he be able to fight with me, 
and to kill me, then will we be your 
servants : but if I prevail against him 
and kill him, then shall ye be our 
servants and serve us. And the Phil 
istine said : I defy the armies of Is 
rael this day : give me a man that we 
may fight together. When Saul and 
all Israel heard those words of the 
Philistine, they were dismayed and 
greatly afraid. 

Second Responsory. 
God Which heareth, &c., (p. 222.) 

Third Lesson. 

"M" OW David was the son of that 
^ aforesaid Ephrathite of Bethle 
hem -Judah, whose name was Jesse, 
who had eight sons, and was an old 
man in the days of Saul, and an elder 



among men. And his three eldest 
sons went and followed Saul to the 
battle ; and the names of his three 
sons that went to the battle were 
Eliab the first-born, and next unto 
him Abinadab, and the third Shamma. 
And David was the youngest. And 
the three eldest followed Saul, but 
David went and returned from Saul, 
to feed his father s sheep at Beth 
lehem. And the Philistine drew near 
morning and evening, and presented 
himself forty days. 

Third Responsory. 
The LORD That delivered me, &c., 

(P. 222.) 



SECOND NOCTURN. 

Fourth Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Sermons 
of St Austin, Bishop [of Hippo.] 
( 1 9 7tk for the Season. ) 

""THE children of Israel faced their 
enemies for forty days. These 
forty days, by reason of the four Sea 
sons of the year, and of the four Conti 
nents of the globe, are a figure of this 
present life, during which the Christian 
world ceaseth not to be arrayed in 
battle against the devil and his angels, 
as it were against Goliath and the 
army of the Philistines. Neither can 
they hope to overcome him, were it 
not for the true David, that is, Christ, 
with His staff, that is, with the Mys 
tery of His Cross. For before Christ 
came, my dearly beloved brethren, the 
devil was at large. But when Christ 
came, He did to him what is written 
in the Gospel, where it is said : "How- 
can one enter into a strong man s 
house, and spoil his goods, except he 
first bind the strong man ? " Christ 
therefore came, and bound the devil. 



FOURTH WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 



277 



Fourth Responsory, 
Saul hath slain, &c., (p. 223.) 



Fifth Lesson. 

"D UT some man will say : If he is 
bound, why is he still so power 
ful ? It is quite true, my dearly be 
loved brethren, that he is very 
powerful ; but his lordship is over the 
lukewarm and the careless, and such as 
fear not God in truth. He is chained 
up like a dog, and can only bite those 
who are such suicidal fools as to go 
within the length of his tether. Look 
you, my brethren, what a dolt a man 
must be who getteth himself bitten by 
a dog that is chained up. Let not 
the desires and lusts of the world 
draw thee within reach of him, and 
he will not be able to get at thee. 
He can bark, he can whine ; but he 
can only bite those who are willing 
to be bitten. He assaileth us, not by 
violence, but by persuasion ; he asketh, 
not seizeth, our consent. 

Fifth Responsory. 

Ye mountains of Gilboa, &c., (p. 

223.) 

Sixth Lesson. 

"T^AVID, then, came, and found the 
Jewish people set in battle array 
against the devil ; and since there was 
no one who dared to go to single 
combat, he, who was a type of Christ, 
sallied out to the battle, took his staff 
in his hand, and went forth against 
Goliath. In him was a shadow of a 
substance which is in Christ. Christ, 
the true David, when He went forth 
to fight against the spiritual Goliath, 
that is to say, against the devil, went 
forth bearing His Cross. Ye see, my 
brethren, in what part it was that 
David smote Goliath ; it was upon 
that forehead whereon the Cross had 

VOL. III. 



never been traced. And as the staff 
of David was a figure of the Cross of 
Christ, so was the stone wherewith 
the giant was smitten a figure of the 
Lord Himself. 

Sixth Responsory. 
Thus saith the LORD, &c., (p. 223.) 

THIRD NOCTURN. 

Seventh Responsory. 
My sins are many, &c., (p. 224.) 

Eighth Responsory. 
One seraph cried, &c., (p. 218.) 



Second Day. 
MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the First 
Book of Kings (xvii. 25.) 

A ND the men of Israel said : Have 
ye seen this man that is come 
up ? Surely to defy Israel is he come 
up. And it shall be that the man 
who killeth him the king will enrich 
him with great riches, and will give 
him his daughter, and make his 
father s house free in Israel. And 
David spake to the men that stood 
by him, saying : What shall be done 
to the man that killeth this Philistine, 
and taketh away the reproach from 
Israel ? For who is this uncircum- 
cised Philistine, that he should defy 
the armies of the living God ? 

First Responsory. 
Remember, &c., (p. 268.) 



2 7 8 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



Second Lesson. (31.) 

AND when the words were heard 
^~^ which David spake, they re 
hearsed them before Saul. [And he 
sent for him.] And, when he was 
brought before him, David said to 
Saul : Let no man s heart fail because 
of him : thy servant will go, and fight 
with this Philistine. And Saul said 
to David : Thou art not able to go 
against the Philistine, to fight with 
him ; for thou art but a youth, and he 
a man of war from his youth. 

Second Responsory. 

O Lord, Thou hast hearkened, &c., 
(p. 224.) 

Third Lesson. 

A ND David said unto Saul: Thy 
**" servant kept his father s sheep, 
and there came a lion and a bear, and 
took a lamb out of the flock ; and I 
went out after him and smote him, 
and delivered it out of his mouth : 
and when he arose against me, I 
caught him by his beard, and choked 
him, and slew him. Thy servant slew 
both the lion and the bear ; and this 
uncircumcised Philistine shall be as 
one of them. 

Third Responsory. 
Hearken, O LORD, &c., (p. 225.) 



Third Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the First 
Book of Kings (xvii. 38.) 

AND Saul armed David with his 
^^ armour, and he put an helmet 
of brass upon his head ; also he armed 
him with a coat of mail. And David 



girded his sword upon his armour, and 
he essayed to go, for he had not 
proved it. And David said unto 
Saul : I cannot go with these, for I 
have not proved them. And David 
put them off him, and he took his 
staff in his hand, and chose him five 
smooth stones out of the brook, and 
put them in a shepherd s bag which 
he had, and his sling was in his hand, 
and he drew near to the Philistine. 

First Responsory. 

Lord, when Thy people, &c., (p. 
269.) 

Second Lesson. 

AND the Philistine came on and 
^^ drew near unto David, and his 
armour-bearer went before him. And 
when the Philistine looked about, and 
saw David, he disdained him. For 
he was but a youth, ruddy, and of a 
fair countenance. And the Philistine 
said unto David : Am I a dog, that 
thou comest to me with staves ? And 
the Philistine cursed David by his 
gods. And the Philistine said to 
David : Come to me, and I will give 
thy flesh unto the fowls of the air, 
and to the beasts of the field. Then 
said David to the Philistine : Thou 
comest to me with a sword, and with 
a spear, and with a shield : but I 
come to thee in the name of the 
LORD of hosts, the God of the armies 
of Israel, whom thou hast defied this 
day. And the LORD will deliver thee 
into mine hand, and I will smite thee, 
and take thine head from thee : and I 
will give the carcases of the host of 
the Philistines this day unto the fowls 
of the air, and to the wild beasts of 
the earth, that all the earth may know 
that there is a God in Israel. 

Second Responsory. 
And it came to pass, &c., (p. 270.) 



FOURTH WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 



279 



Third Lesson. 

A ND when the Philistine arose, and 
came, and drew nigh to meet 
David, David hasted, and ran toward 
the army, to meet the Philistine. And 
David put his hand in his bag, and 
took thence a stone, and slang it, and 
smote the Philistine in his forehead, 
that the stone sunk into his forehead, 
and he fell upon his face to the earth. 
So David prevailed over the Philistine 
with a sling and with a stone, and 
smote the Philistine, and slew him. 
But there was no sword in the hand 
of David ; therefore David ran and 
stood upon the Philistine, and took 
his sword, and drew it out of the 
sheath thereof: and slew him, and 
cut off his head therewith. 



Third Responsory. 
Thus saith the LORD, &c., (p. 223.) 



Fourth Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the First 
Book of Kings (xviii. 6.) 

AS David returned from the 
slaughter of the Philistine, the 
women came out of all the cities of 
Israel, singing and dancing, to meet 
King Saul, with tabrets of joy and 
with instruments of music. And the 
women answered one another as they 
played, and said : Saul hath slain his 
thousands, and David his ten thou 
sands. And Saul was very wroth, 
and the saying displeased him, and 
he said: They have ascribed unto 



David ten thousands, and to me they 
have ascribed the thousands ! And 
what can he have more, but the 
kingdom ? 

First Responsory. 
My sins are many, &c., (p. 224.) 

Second Lesson. 

/\ ND Saul eyed David from that 
day and forward. And it came 
to pass on the morrow that the evil 
spirit from God came upon Saul, and 
he prophesied in the midst of his 
house : and David played with his 
hand, as he did daily. 1 And there 
was a javelin in Saul s hand ; and he 
cast it ; for he thought to smite David 
even to the wall with it ; and David 
avoided out of his presence the [first 
of the] two times. And Saul was 
afraid of David, because the LORD 
was with him, and was departed from 
Saul. Therefore Saul removed him 
from him, and made him his captain 
over a thousand : and he went out and 
came in before the people. 

Second Responsory. 

O Lord, Thou hast hearkened, &c., 

(p. 224.) 

Third Lesson. 

A ND David behaved himself wisely 
in all his ways, and the LORD 
was with him. Wherefore when Saul 
saw that he behaved himself very 
wisely, he was afraid of him. But all 
Israel and Judah loved David ; be 
cause he went out and came in before 
them. And Saul said to David : Be 
hold my elder daughter Merab, her 
will I give thee to wife ; only be thou 



1 He was regularly employed to play the harp when Saul s mania came upon him, in order to 
lull the paroxysms, (xvi. 14-23.) 



280 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



valiant, and fight the LORD S battles. 
For Saul said in his heart : Let not 
mine hand be upon him, but let the 
hand of the Philistines be upon him. 

Third Responsory. 
Hearken, O LORD, &c., (p. 225.) 



put his life in his hand, and slew the 
Philistine, and the LORD wrought a 
great salvation for all Israel : thou 
sawest it, and didst rejoice. Where 
fore, then, wilt thou sin against inno 
cent blood, to slay David without a 
cause ? And Saul hearkened unto the 
voice of Jonathan, and sware : As the 
LORD liveth, he shall not be slain. 



Fifth Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the First 
Book of Kings (xix. i.) 

AND Saul spake to Jonathan his 
^^ son, and to all his servants, that 
they should kill David. But Jonathan, 
Saul s son, delighted much in David. 
And Jonathan told David, saying : 
Saul my father seeketh to kill thee : 
now, therefore, I pray thee, take heed 
to thyself, until the morning, and 
abide in a secret place, and hide thy 
self. And I will go out, and stand 
beside my father, in the field where 
thou art, and I will commune with my 
father of thee ; and what I see, that 
I will tell thee. 

First Responsory. 
Prepare your hearts, &c., (p. 221.) 

Second Lesson. 

A ND Jonathan spake good of David 
^^ unto Saul his father, and said 
unto him : Let not the King sin 
against his servant, against David ; 



Second Responsory. 
God Which heareth all, &c., (p. 

222.) 

Third Lesson. 

AND there was war again, and 
"^^ David went out and fought with 
the Philistines, and slew them with a 
great slaughter, and they fled from 
him. And the evil spirit from the 
LORD was upon Saul. And he sat 
in his house, with his javelin in his 
hand ; and David played with his 
hand. And Saul sought to smite 
David even to the wall with the jave 
lin, but David slipped away out of 
Saul s presence : and he smote the 
javelin into the wall, and David fled 
and escaped that night. 

Third Responsory. 
The LORD That delivered me, &c., 

(p. 222.) 



Sixth Day. 
MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the First 
Book of Kings (xx. I.) 



because he hath not sinned against A ND David fled from Najoth 1 in 



thee, and because his works have been 
to thee-ward very good. For he did 



Ramah, and came, and said be 
fore Jonathan : What have I done ? 



1 A place where Samuel held a school of prophets, near Ramah, in the direction of Bethel, in 
the tribe of Benjamin, some six miles from Jerusalem. (So Dom Calmet.) 



FOURTH WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 



28l 



What is mine iniquity, and what is 
my sin before thy father, that he seek- 
eth my life ? And he said unto him : 
God forbid, thou shalt not die ; for my 
father will do nothing either great or 
small but he will first show it me ; and 
why should my father hide this thing 
alone from me ? It shall not be so. 



First Responsory. 
Saul hath slain, &c., (p. 223.) 

Second Lesson. 

A ND he sware moreover unto Da- 
^ vid. And David said: Thy 
father certainly knoweth that I have 
found grace in thine eyes, and he will 
say : Let not Jonathan know this, lest 
haply he be grieved. But truly, as 
the LORD liveth, and as thy soul 
liveth, there is but, as it were, a step 
between me and death. Then said 
Jonathan unto David : Whatsoever thy 
soul desireth, I will even do it for thee. 

Second Responsory. 
Ye mountains, &c., (p. 223.) 

Third Lesson. 

A ND David said unto Jonathan: 
Behold, to-morrow is the New 
Moon, and I should not fail to sit 
with the King at meat ; therefore let 
me go, that I may hide myself in the 
field unto the third day at even. If 
thy father at all miss me, then say : 
David earnestly asked leave of me, 
that he might run to Bethlehem his 
city, for there is a yearly sacrifice 
there for all the family. If he say 
thus : It is well : thy servant shall 
have peace. But if he be very 
wroth, then be sure that evil is deter 
mined by him. 



Third Responsory. 
Thus saith the LORD, &c., (p. 223. 



The Sabbath. 
MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the First 
Book of Kings (xxi. i.) 

""THEN came David to Nob to Ahi- 
melech the Priest ; and Ahi- 
melech was afraid at the meeting of 
David, and said unto him : Why art 
thou alone and no man with thee ? 
And David said unto Ahimelech the 
Priest : The King hath commanded 
me a business, and hath said unto 
me : Let no man know anything of 
the business whereabout I send thee, 
and what I have commanded thee : 
and I have appointed my servants to 
such and such a place. Now, there 
fore, if thou hast anything under thine 
hand, give it me, even five loaves of 
bread, or what there is present. 

First Responsory. 
My sins are many, &c., (p. 224.) 

Second Lesson. 

A ND the Priest answered David, 
and said : There is no common 
bread under mine hand, but there is 
hallowed bread ; if the young men 
have kept themselves at least from 
women ? And David answered the 
Priest, and said unto him : Of a truth, 
women have been kept from us about 
these three days, since we came out, 
and the vessels of the young men are 
holy. And the bread is in a manner 
common, yea, though it were sancti 
fied this day in the vessel. So the 



282 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



Priest gave him hallowed bread. For 
there was no bread there but the 
Shew-bread, that was taken from be 
fore the LORD, to put hot bread. 

Second Responsory. 

O Lord, Thou hast hearkened, &c., 
(P. 224.) 

Third Lesson. 

"NT OW a certain man of the servants 
of Saul was there that day, in 
the tabernacle of the LORD, and his 
name was Doeg, an Edomite, the 
chiefest of the herdmen that belonged 
to Saul. 1 And David said unto Ahi- 
melech : Is there not here under thine 
hand spear or sword ? For 1 have 
neither brought my sword nor my 
weapons with me, because the king s 
business required haste. And the 
Priest said : The sword of Goliath the 
Philistine, whom thou slewest in the 
valley of the oak, behold, it is here, 
wrapped in a cloth, behind the Ephod ; 
if thou wilt take that, take it. For 
there is none other save that here. 
And David said : There is none like 
that, give it me. 2 

Third Responsory. 
Hearken, O LORD, &c., (p. 225.) 

VESPERS. 

Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed 
Virgin. 3 Ye mountains of Gilboa, * 
let there be no dew, neither let there 
be rain upon you ; for there the shield 
of the mighty is vilely cast away, the 
shield of Saul, as though he had not 
been anointed with oil. How are the 



mighty fallen in the midst of the 
battle ! Jonathan is slain upon the 
high places : Saul and Jonathan were 
lovely and pleasant in their lives, 
and in their death they were not 
divided. 

The Prayer is taken from the Lauds 
of the succeeding Sunday. 



Jiftfj Suntiag after 



The Fifth Lord s Day after Pentecost. 

MATTINS. 
FIRST NOCTURN. 

First Lesson. 

Here beginneth the Second Book of 
Kings (i. i.) 

1^" OW it came to pass after the 
death of Saul, when David was 
returned from the slaughter of the 
Amalekites, and David had abode two 
days in Ziklag ; it came even to pass 
on the third day, that, behold, a man 
came out of the camp of Saul, with 
his clothes rent, and earth upon his 
head. And when he came to David, 
he fell upon his face, and did obeis-. 
ance. And David said unto him : 
From whence comest thou ? And he 
said unto him : Out of the camp of 
Israel am I escaped. And David 
said unto him : How went the matter ? 
Tell me. And he answered : The 
people are fled from the battle, and 
many of the people also are fallen 
and dead : and Saul, and Jonathan 
his son, are dead also. 



1 He went and gave Saul an account of the whole affair, which cost the lives of eighty of the 
clergy and their families. David on this occasion composed Psalm LI., "Why boastest thou 
thyself, thou tyrant, c.," (p. 101.) 

2 Before passing to the Second Book of Kings, the reader, if he take any interest in the 
Sacred History, is strongly advised to read the tragic account of the last hours and death 
of Saul, as found in chapters xxviii. and xxxi. " 2 Kings (Sam.) i. 21, 23. 



FIFTH WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 



283 



First Responsory. 
Prepare your hearts, &c., (p. 221.) 

Second Lesson. 

A ND David said unto the young- 
man that told him : How know- 
est thou that Saul and Jonathan his 
son be dead ? And the young man 
that told him said : As I happened by 
chance upon Mount Gilboa, behold, 
Saul leaned upon his spear : and, lo, 
the chariots and horsemen followed 
hard after him ; and when he looked 
behind him, he saw me, and he called 
unto me. And I answered : Here am 
I. And he said unto me : Who art 
thou ? And I answered him : I am an 
Amalekite. He said unto me again : 
Stand upon me, and slay me, for 
anguish is come upon me, because 
my life is yet whole in me. So I 
stood upon him and slew him : be 
cause I was sure that he could not 
live after he was fallen ; and I took 
the crown that was upon his head, 
and the bracelet that was on his arm, 
and have brought them hither unto 
my lord. 

Second Responsory. 
God, Which heareth all, &c., (p. 

222.) 

Third Lesson. 

HTHEN David took hold of his 
clothes and rent them, and like 
wise all the men that were with him. 
And they mourned, and wept, and 
fasted until even, for Saul, and for 
Jonathan his son, and for the people 
of the LORD, and for the house of 
Israel, because they were fallen by the 
sword. And David said unto the 



young man that told him : Whence 
art thou ? And he answered : I am 
the son of a stranger, an Amalekite. 
And David said unto him : How wast 
thou not afraid to stretch forth thine 
hand to destroy the LORD S Anointed ? 
And David called one of his young 
men, and said : Go near, and fall 
upon him. And he smote him that 
he died. 1 



Third Responsory. 
The LORD That delivered, &c., (p. 

222.) 

SECOND NOCTURN. 

Fourth Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book 
of Moral [Reflections upon Job], 
written by Pope St Gregory [the 
Great.] (Bk. iv. ch. 3, 4.) 

Y was it that David, who re 
warded no evil to them that 
did evil to him (Ps. vii. 5), when Saul 
and Jonathan had fallen in battle, 
cursed the mountains of Gilboa, say 
ing : " Ye mountains of Gilboa, let 
there be no dew, neither let there be 
rain upon you, nor fields of offerings ; 
for there the shield of the mighty is 
vilely cast away, the shield of Saul, 
as though he had not been anointed 
with oil " ? Why was it that Jere 
miah, when he saw that his preaching 
was thrown away upon his hearers, 
cursed and said : " Cursed be the 
man who brought tidings to my 
father, saying, A man-child is born 
unto thee " ? (xx. 15.) 



Fourth Responsory. 
Saul hath slain, c., (p. 223. 



1 It was upon this occasion that David composed the fine poem beginning, "The beauty of 
Israel is slain," so often quoted in the Office, and which is to be found at length in 2 Kings 
(Sam.) i. 19-27. 



284 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



Fifth Lesson. 

\\ 7HAT had the mountains of Gil- 
boa to do with the death of 
Saul, that they should be condemned 
to have dew fall on them no more, 
neither rain, but should wither away, 
barren of the green glory of the spring 
time ? But this word " Gilboa " sig- 
nifieth "bubbling fountain," 1 and the 
death of Saul the Anointed of God 
is a type of the death of our Anointed 
Mediator. Thus we find in the moun 
tains of Gilboa no unfit image of the 
proud hearts of the Jews, which had 
their spring in earthly desires, and 
took part in the death of the Anointed 
Saviour. And since among them their 
Anointed Monarch met His death, the 
dew of grace is upon them no more. 



Fifth Responsory. 
Ye mountains, &c., (p. 223.) 



Sixth Lesson. 

AND well is it said of them : " Let 
there be upon you no fields of 
offerings." The proud minds of the 
Hebrews bear yet no offering. Since 
the coming of their Redeemer, the 
most part of them remain still without 
belief in Him, and refuse to follow 
the promise of their ancient faith. 
The Holy Church hath borne for her 
first-born, holy unto the Lord, a mul 
titude of the Gentiles, and will, but in 
the end of the world, embrace such 
Jews as she then shall find, and pre 
sent them as the last gatherings of 
her harvest. 



Sixth Responsory. 
Thus saith the LORD, &c., (p. 223.) 



THIRD NOCTURN. 

Seventh Responsory. 
My sins are many, &c., (p. 224.) 

Eighth Responsory. 
One seraph cried, &c., (p. 218.) 



Second Day. 
MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Second 
Book of Kings (ii. I.) 

A ND it came to pass after this, that 
David inquired of the LORD, 
saying : Shall I go up into any of 
the cities of Judah ? And the LORD 
said unto him : Go up. And David 
said : Whither shall I go up ? And 
He said : Unto Hebron. So David 
went up thither, and his two wives 
also, Ahinoam, the Jezreelitess, and 
Abigail, Nabal s wife, the Carmelite. 
And his men that were with him did 
David bring up, every man with his 
household ; and they dwelt in the 
cities of Hebron. And the men of 
Judah came, and there they anointed 
David king over the house of Judah. 

First Responsory. 
Remember, O Lord, &c., (p. 268.) 

Second Lesson. 

A ND they told David that the men 
^ of Jabesh-Gilead had buried^ 
Saul. And David sent messengers 
to the men of Jabesh-Gilead, saying : 



1 Taken by the derivation this is perhaps a shade more correct than the Latin "decursus," or 
down-flow. 

- They burnt the body, which had been mutilated and gibbeted by the Philistines. 



FIFTH WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 



285 



Blessed be ye of the LORD, that ye 
have showed this kindness unto your 
lord, even unto Saul, and have buried 
him. And now, the LORD show kind 
ness and truth unto you ! And I also 
will requite you this kindness, because 
ye have done this thing. Therefore 
now let your hands be strengthened, 
and be ye valiant. For although 
your master Saul is dead, yet the 
house of Judah have anointed me 
king over them. 

Second Responsory. 

O Lord, Thou hast hearkened, &c., 
(P- 224.) 



Third Lesson. 



B 



T Abner, the son of Ner, Cap 
tain of Saul s host, took Ish- 
bosheth, the son of Saul, and brought 
him over to the army, and made him 
king over Gilead, and over the 
Ashurites, and over Jezreel, and over 
Ephraim, and over Benjamin, and 
over all Israel. Ish-bosheth, Saul s 
son, was forty years old when he 
began to reign over Israel, and he 
reigned two years. But the house of 
Judah alone followed David. And the 
time that David was King in Hebron, 
over the house of Judah, was seven 
years and six months. 

Third Responsory. 
Hearken, O LORD, &c., (p. 225.) 



Third Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Second 
Book of Kings (iii. 6.) 



AND it came to pass, while there 
** was war between the house of 
Saul and the house of David, that 
Abner, the son of Ner, ruled the 
house of Saul. And Saul had a 
concubine whose name was Rizpah, 
the daughter of Aiah. And Ish- 
bosheth said to Abner : Wherefore 
hast thou gone in unto my father s 
concubine ? Then was Abner very 
wroth for the words of Ish-bosheth, 
and said : Am I a dog s head, which, 
against Judah, do show kindness this 
day unto the house of Saul thy father, 
to his brethren, and to his friends, 
and have not delivered thee into the 
hand of David that thou chargest me 
to-day with a fault concerning this 
woman ? So do God to Abner, and 
more also, except, as the LORD hath 
sworn to David, so I do to him ; to 
translate the kingdom from Saul, and 
to set up the throne of David over 
Israel and over Judah, from Dan even 
to Beersheba. 

First Responsory. 

Lord, when Thy people, &c., (p. 
269.) 

Second Lesson. 

AND Abner sent messengers to 
David on his behalf, saying : 
Whose is the land ? Saying also : 
Make thy league with me ; and my 
hand shall be with thee, to bring 
about all Israel unto thee. And he 
said : Well I will make a league 
with thee ; but one thing I require of 
thee that is, thou shalt not see my 
face except thou first bring Michal, 1 
Saul s daughter. So shalt thou come 
and see me. And David sent mes 
sengers to Ish-bosheth, Saul s son, say 
ing : Deliver to me my wife Michal, 
which I espoused to me for an hun 
dred foreskins of the Philistines. 2 



1 Saul had given her to David for his first wife, and she had afterwards been taken from him 
by her family. - i Kings (Sam.) xviii. 25-27. 

VOL. III. K 2 



286 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



And Ish-bosheth sent and took her 
from her husband, even from Phaltiel, 
the son of Laish. And her husband 
went with her along, weeping behind 
her, to Bahurim ; then said Abner unto 
him : Go, return. And he returned. 

Second Responsory. 
And it came to pass, &c., (p. 270.) 

Third Lesson. 

AND Abner had communication 
with the elders of Israel, say 
ing : Ye sought for David not yester 
day only to be King over you. Now, 
then, do it ; for the LORD hath spoken 
of David, saying : By the hand of My 
servant David I will save My people 
Israel out of the hand of the Philis 
tines, and out of the hand of all 
their enemies. And Abner also spake 
in the ears of Benjamin. And he 
went also to speak in the ears of 
David in Hebron all that seemed 
good to Israel, and that seemed good 
to the whole house of Benjamin. So 
Abner came to David to Hebron, and 
twenty men with him ; and David 
made Abner, and the men that were 
with him, a feast. And Abner said 
unto David : I will arise, and will 
gather all Israel unto my lord the 
King. 

Third Responsory. 
Thus saith the LORD, &c., (p. 223.) 



Fourth Day, 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Second 
Book of Kings (iv. 5.) 



A ND the sons of Rimmon the Ber- 
othite, Rechab and Baanah, went, 
and came about the heat of the day 
to the house of Ish-bosheth ; who lay 
on a bed at noon. And the maid 
servant, that kept the door, was there 
winnowing grain, but she was asleep. 
And Rechab and Baanah his brother 
came into the house stealthily, as 
though they would have fetched ears 
of wheat, and they smote him in the 
groin, and escaped. For when they 
came into the house he lay asleep upon 
his bed in his bedchamber, and they 
smote him, and slew him, and took his 
head, and gat them away by the way of 
the desert all night. And they brought 
the head of Ish-bosheth unto David to 
Hebron, and said to the King : Behold 
the head of Ish-bosheth the son of Saul, 
thine enemy, which sought thy life. 

First Responsory. 
My sins are many, &c., (p. 224.) 

Second Lesson. 

AND David answered Rechab and 
^^ Baanah his brother, the sons of 
Rimmon the Berothite, and said unto 
them : As the LORD liveth, Who hath 
redeemed my soul out of all adversity, 
when one told me, saying, Saul is 
dead, thinking to have brought good 
tidings, I took hold of him and slew 
him in Ziklag ; who thought that I 
would have given him a reward for 
his tiding s. How much more now, 
when wicked men have slain an harm 
less person in his own house upon 
his bed, shall I not therefore require 
his blood of your hand, and take you 
away from the earth ? And David 
commanded his young men, and they 
slew them ; and cut off their hands and 
their feet and hanged them up over the 
pool in Hebron. But they took the 
head of Ish-bosheth, and buried it in 
the sepulchre of Abner in Hebron. 



FIFTH WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 



287 



Second Responsory. 

O Lord, Thou hast hearkened, &c., 

(P. 224.) 

Third Lesson. 

"THEN came all the tribes of Israel 
to David unto Hebron, saying : 
Behold, we are thy bone and thy flesh. 
Also in time past, when Saul was 
King over us, thou wast he that led- 
dest out and broughtest in Israel ; 
and the LORD said to thee : Thou 
shalt feed My people Israel, and thou 
shalt be a Captain over Israel. So 
all the elders of Israel came to the 
King to Hebron, and King David 
made a league with them in Hebron 
before the LORD ; and they anointed 
David King over Israel. David was 
thirty years old when he began to 
reign, and he reigned forty years. In 
Hebron he reigned over Judah seven 
years and six months ; and in Jeru 
salem he reigned thirty and three 
years over all Israel and Judah. And 
the King and his men went to Jeru 
salem, unto the Jebusites, the inhab 
itants of the land ; which spake unto 
David, saying : Except thou take away 
the blind and the lame thou shalt not 
come in hither thinking : David can 
not come in hither. Nevertheless 
David took the stronghold of Zion 
the same is the city of David. 

Third Responsory. 
Hearken, O LORD, &c., (p. 225.) 



A GAIN, David gathered together 
all the chosen men of Israel, 
thirty thousand. And David arose, 
and went, with all the people that 
were with him of the men of Judah, 
to bring up the Ark of God, whereon 
is called the Name of the LORD of 
hosts, That sitteth between the Cheru 
bim thereon. And they set the Ark 
of God upon a new cart, and brought 
it out of the house of Abinadab, that 
was in Gibeah. And Uzzah and 
Ahio, the sons of Abinadab, drove the 
new cart. 



First Responsory. 
Prepare your hearts, &c., (p. 221.) 

Second Lesson. 

A ND they brought it out of the 
house of Abinadab, which was 
at Gibeah, accompanying the Ark of 
God, and Ahio went before the Ark. 
And David and all the house of Israel 
played before the LORD on all manner 
of instruments made of cypress-wood, 
even on harps, and on psalteries, and 
on timbrels, and on cornets, and on 
cymbals. And when they came to 
Nachon s threshing-floor, Uzzah put 
forth his hand to the Ark of God, 
and took hold of it, for the oxen 
stumbled and shook it. And the 
anger of the LORD was kindled against 
Uzzah, and He smote him there for 
his presumption ; and there he died, 
by the Ark of God. 



Fifth Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Second 
Book of Kings (vi. i . ) 



Second Respotisory. 
God Which heareth all, &c., (p. 

222.) 

Third Lesson. 

A ND David was grieved because 
^^ the LORD had smitten Uzzah, 
and the name of the place is called 



288 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



" The Smiting of Uzzah " to this day. 
And David was afraid of the LORD 
that day, and said : How shall the 
Ark of the LORD come to me ? So 
David would not remove the Ark of 
the LORD unto him into the city of 
David ; but David carried it aside 
into the house of Obed-edom the 
Gittite. And the Ark of the LORD 
continued in the house of Obed-edom 
the Gittite three months. And the 
LORD blessed Obed-edom and all his 
household. And it was told King Da 
vid, saying : The LORD hath blessed 
Obed-edom and all that pertaineth un 
to him, because of the Ark of God. 
So David went, and brought up the 
Ark of God from the house of Obed- 
edom into the city of David, with 
gladness. 

Third Responsory. 

The LORD That delivered me, &c., 
(p. 222.) 



Sixth Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Second 
Book of Kings (vii. 4.) 

AND, behold, the word of the LORD 
^^ came unto Nathan, saying : Go, 
and tell My servant David : Thus 
saith the LORD : Shalt thou build Me 
an house for Me to dwell in ? where 
as I have not dwelt in any house since 
the time that I brought up the child 
ren of Israel out of Egypt even to 
this day, but have walked in a tent 
and in a tabernacle. 



First Responsory. 
Saul hath slain, &c., (p. 223.) 



Second Lesson. 

T N all the places wherein I have 
walked with all the children of 
Israel, spake I a word with any of 
the tribes of Israel, whom I com 
manded to feed My people Israel, 
saying : Why build ye not Me an 
house of cedar ? Now, therefore, so 
shalt thou say unto My servant Da 
vid : Thus saith the LORD of hosts : 
I took thee from the sheep-cote, from 
following the sheep, to be ruler over 
My people, over Israel, and I was 
with thee whithersoever thou wentest, 
and have cut off all thine enemies 
out of thy sight, and have made thee 
a great name, like unto the name of 
the great men that are in the earth. 
Moreover, I will appoint a place for 
My people Israel, and will plant them, 
that they may dwell in a place of their 
own, and move no more ; neither 
shall the children of wickedness afflict 
them any more, as beforetime, and 
as since the time that I commanded 
judges to be over My people Israel. 
And I will cause thee to rest from all 
thine enemies. Also the LORD telleth 
thee, that He, the Lord, will make 
thee an house. 



Second Responsory. 
Ye mountains, c., (p. 223.) 

Third Lesson. 

AND when thy days be fulfilled and 
^^ thou shalt sleep with thy fathers, 
I will set up thy seed after thee, which 
shall proceed out of thy bowels, and I 
will establish his kingdom. He shall 
build an house for My Name, and I 
will establish the throne of his king 
dom for ever. I will be his Father, 
and he shall be My son. If he com 
mit iniquity, I will chasten him with 
the rod of men, and with the stripes 



FIFTH WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 



289 



of the children of men. But My 
mercy shall not depart away from 
him, as I took it from Saul, whom 
I put away from before Me. And 
thine house and thy kingdom shall 
be established for ever before thee, 
and thy throne shall be built in 
strength. According to all these 
words, and according to all this 
vision, so did Nathan speak unto 
David. 

J^hird Responsory. 
Thus saith the LORD, (p. 223.) 



The Sabbath. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Second 
Book of Kings (xi. i.) 

A ND it came to pass, at the turn 
^^ of the year, at the time when 
kings go forth to battle, that David 
sent Joab, and his servants with him, 
and all Israel, and they wasted the 
children of Ammon, and besieged 
Rabbah. But David tarried still at 
Jerusalem. And it came to pass in 
an evening-tide, that David arose from 
off his bed, and walked upon the roof 
of the King s house. And from the 
roof he saw a woman washing herself, 
over against his house. And the 
woman was very beautiful to look 
upon. And David sent and inquired 
after the woman. And one said : 
Is not this Bathsheba, the daughter 
of Eliam, the wife of Uriah the 
Hittite ? And David sent messengers 
and took her. 

First Responsory. 
My sins are many, (p. 224.) 



Second Lesson. 

AND she returned unto her house, 
having conceived seed. And 
she sent and told David, saying : I 
am with child. And David sent to 
Joab, saying : Send me Uriah the 
Hittite. And Joab sent Uriah to 
David. And Uriah came unto David. 
And David demanded how Joab did, 
and how the people did, and how the 
war prospered. And David said to 
Uriah : Go down to thine house, and 
wash thy feet. And Uriah departed 
out of the King s house, and there 
followed him a mess of meat from the 
King. But Uriah slept at the door 
of the King s house, with all the 
servants of his lord, and went not 
down to his house. And when they 
had told David, saying : Uriah went 
not down to his house, David said 
unto Uriah : Camest thou not from 
thy journey ? why then didst thou 
not go down unto thine house ? And 
Uriah said unto David : The Ark of 
God, and Israel, and Judah abide 
in tents, and my lord Joab, and the 
servants of my lord are encamped 
in the open fields ; shall I then go 
into mine house, to eat and to drink, 
and to sleep with my wife ? As thou 
livest, and as thy soul liveth, I will 
not do this thing. 

Second Responsory. 

O Lord, Thou hast hearkened, &c., 
(p. 224.) 

Third Lesson. 

AND David said to Uriah ; Tarry 
^"^ here to-day also, and to-morrow 
I will let thee depart. So Uriah 
abode in Jerusalem that day and the 
morroAv, and David called him to eat 
and drink before him ; and he made 
him drunk. And at even he went 
out, and slept upon his bed with the 
servants of his lord ; but went not 



290 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



down to his house. And it came to 
pass, in the morning, that David wrote 
a letter to Joab, and sent it by the 
hand of Uriah ; and he wrote in the 
letter, saying : Set ye Uriah in the 
fore-front of the hottest battle, and 
retire ye from him, that he may be 
smitten and die. And it came to pass 
when Joab assaulted the city, that he 
assigned Uriah unto a place where 
he knew that valiant men were. And 
the men of the city went out and 
fought with Joab, and there fell some 
of the people, of the servants of David, 
and Uriah the Hittite died also. 

Third Responsory. 
Hearken, O LORD, &c., (p. 225.) 

VESPERS. 

Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed 
Virgin, T I beseech Thee, * O Lord, 
do away the iniquity of Thy servant, 
for I have done very foolishly. 

The Prayer is taken from the Lauds 
of the succeeding Sunday. 



Stxtij Suntiag after Pentecost. 

The Sixth Lord^s Day after Pentecost. 

MATTINS. 

FIRST NOCTURN, 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Second 
Book of Kings (xii. i.) 

A ND the LORD sent Nathan unto 
^^ David. And he came unto him, 
and said unto him : There were two 
men in one city, the one rich, and 
the other poor. The rich man had 



exceeding many flocks and herds ; 
but the poor man had nothing save 
one little ewe -lamb, which he had 
bought and nourished up. And it 
grew up together with him, and with 
his children. It did eat of his own 
meat, and drank of his own cup, and 
lay in his bosom, and was unto him 
as a daughter. And there came a 
traveller unto the rich man ; and he 
spared to take of his own flock and 
of his own herd, to dress for the 
wayfaring man that was come unto 
him ; but took the poor man s lamb, 
and dressed it for the man that was 
come unto him. 



First Responsory. 
Prepare your hearts, &c., (p. 221.) 

Second Lesson. 

A ND David s anger was greatly kin- 
^ died against the man, and he 
said to Nathan : As the LORD liveth, 
the man that hath done this thing 
shall surely die. He shall restore the 
lamb four-fold, because he did this 
thing, and because he had no pity. 
And Nathan said to David : Thou 
art the man Thus saith the LORD 
God of Israel : I anointed thee king- 
over Israel, and I delivered thee 
out of the hand of Saul, and I gave 
thee thy master s house, and thy 
master s wives into thy bosom, and 
gave thee the house of Israel and of 
Judah : and if that had been too little, 
I would moreover have given unto 
thee much greater things. Where 
fore hast thou despised the command 
ment of the LORD, to do evil in His 
sight ? Thou hast killed Uriah the 
Hittite with the sword, and hast taken 
his wife to be thy wife, and hast slain 
him with the sword of the children 
of Ammon. 



i Par. (Chron.) xxi. 8. 



SIXTH WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 



291 



Second Responsory. 
God Which heareth all, &c., (p. 

222.) 

Third Lesson. 

1\J OW, therefore the sword shall 
never depart from thine house ; 
because thou hast despised Me, and 
hast taken the wife of Uriah the 
Hittite to be thy wife. Thus saith 
the LORD : Behold, I will raise up 
evil against thee out of thine house ; 
and I will take thy wives before thine 
eyes, and give them unto thy neigh 
bour ; and he shall lie with thy wives 
in the sight of this sun. For thou 
didst it secretly ; but I will do this 
thing before all Israel, and before the 
sun. And David said unto Nathan : 
I have sinned against the LORD. 
And Nathan said unto David : The 
LORD also hath put away thy sin 
thou shalt not die. Howbeit, because 
by this deed thou hast given great 
occasion to the enemies of the LORD 
to blaspheme, the child also that is 
born unto thee shall surely die. And 
Nathan departed unto his house. And 
the LORD struck the child that Uriah s 
wife bare unto David, and it was 
very sick. David therefore besought 
the Lord for the child ; and David 
fasted, and went in, and lay upon the 
earth. 1 

Third Responsory. 

The LORD That delivered me, &c., 

(p. 222.) 

SECOND NOCTURN. 
Fourth Lesson. 

The* Lesson is taken from the Book 
" On the Defence of David " written 
by St Ambrose, Bishop [of Milan.] 



T N how many things doth each one 
of us transgress every hour ! 
And nevertheless not one of all us 
common men thinketh it well to con 
fess his sin. Yet that strong and 
great King would not suffer the 
acknowledgment of his iniquity to 
remain, even for a moment, hidden 
in his own heart. With eager con 
fession and bitter sorrow, he admitted 
that he had sinned against the Lord. 
Which of you will easily find me now 
some honoured and wealthy person, 
who will not take it ill if I rebuke him 
for a fault whereof he is guilty ? But 
David, amid the splendours of a 
throne and the certainty of Divine re 
velations, when he was rebuked by 
one of his subjects for his grievous 
transgression, was not roused to anger, 
but contrariwise, acknowledged his 
sin with groans and affliction. 

Fourth Responsory. 
Saul hath slain, &c., (p. 223.) 

Fifth Lesson. 

^PHE heart-felt sorrow of David 
moved the Lord to compassion, 
so that Nathan said : Because thou 
hast repented, the Lord also hath put 
away thy sin. The instant gift of 
pardon declareth the depth of the 
King s repentance, which was able 
to obtain the forgiveness of so 
grievous a transgression. Other men, 
when they be rebuked of Priests, do 
but aggravate the heinousness of their 
sins by the seeking" to deny or to ex 
cuse them, and thereby make deeper 
their fall by means of that which 
should have helped them up. But 
the saints of the Lord who will to 
fight a good fight of godliness unto 

1 The child died. The next few verses in the Bible describe, very touchingly, the conduct of 
David on the occasion and, afterwards, how Solomon was born of Bathsheba. David com 
posed the Miserere during his repentance. 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



the end and to finish their course by 
saving their souls, howbeit, they may 
perchance have fallen like other men, 
have done so rather through man s 
weakness than through lust for ini 
quity, and rise more eager to go 
on than before. Shame goadeth 
them on to fly at higher things. 
So that not only is their fall to be 
reckoned to have nowise hampered 
them, but rather to have quickened 
their speed. 



FiftJi Responsory. 
Ye mountains, &c., (p. 223.) 

Sixth Lesson. (Ch. iv. ) 

T^AVID sinned; and so oftentimes 
do other kings. David re 
pented with groaning and tears ; and 
so do not oftentimes other kings. He 
admitted his guilt ; he implored for 
giveness ; he cast himself down upon 
the ground, and there wept over his 
crime ; he fasted ; he prayed ; by 
publishing his sorrow he left an ever 
lasting witness of his acknowledg 
ment. 1 What meaner men blush to 
do, the King was not ashamed to 
own. They who are answerable to 
law are bold to deny their crimes, 
and too haughty to ask pardon. Not 
so he, though he could be haled be 
fore no earthly judgment-seat. That 
he sinned was a matter flowing from 
his nature ; that he asked for pardon, 
his own repentance. To fall is com 
mon to all men, but his confession 
was his own. To transgress thus 
was nature ; to efface his guilt, great 
ness. 



THIRD NOCTURN. 

Seventh Responsory. 
My sins are many, &c., (p. 224.) 

Eighth Responsory. 
One seraph cried, &c., (p. 218.) 



Second Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Second 
Book of Kings (xiii. 22.) 

AND Absalom spake unto his 
brother Amnon neither good 
nor bad ; for Absalom hated Amnon, 
because he had forced his sister 
Tamar. And it came to pass, after 
two full years, that Absalom had 
sheep-shearers in Baal-hazor, which 
is beside Ephraim ; and Absalom 
invited all the king s sons. And 
[Absalom] came to the King, and 
said : Behold, now, thy servant hath 
sheep-shearers ; let the King, I be 
seech thee, and his servants, go with 
thy servant. And the King said to 
Absalom : Nay, my son, let us not 
all go now, lest we be chargeable 
unto thee. And he pressed him ; 
howbeit, he would not go, but blessed 
him. 

First Responsory. 

Remember, O Lord, Thy covenant, 
&c., (p. 268.) 



Sixth Responsory. 
Thus saith the LORD, &c., (p. 223.) 

1 I.e., in the Psalm "Miserere." 



Second Lesson. 

HTHEN said Absalom: If not, 
I pray thee, let my brother 
Amnon go with us. And the King 



SIXTH WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 



293 



said unto him : Why should he go 
with thee ? But Absalom pressed 
him, that he let Amnon and all the 
King s sons go with him. Now Ab 
salom had made a feast like one of 
the King s feasts. And Absalom had 
commanded his servants, saying : 
Mark ye now when Amnon s heart is 
merry with wine ; and when I say 
unto you, Smite him, then kill him, 
fear not. For it is I that have com 
manded you. Be courageous, and be 
valiant. And the servants of Ab 
salom did unto Amnon as Absalom 
had commanded. Then all the King s 
sons arose, and every man gat him up 
upon his mule, and fled. 

Second Responsory, 

O Lord, Thou hast hearkened, &c., 
(p. 224.) 

Third Lesson. 

AND it came to pass, while they 
were in the way, that tidings 
came to David, saying" : Absalom 
hath slain all the King s sons : and 
there is not one of them left. Then 
the King arose, and tare his garments, 
and lay on the earth ; and all his 
servants stood by with their clothes 
rent. And Jonadab, the son of 
Shimeah, 1 David s brother, answered 
and said : Let not my lord the King- 
suppose that they have slain all the 
young men the King s sons ; for 
Amnon only is dead for by the ap 
pointment of Absalom this hath been 
determined from the day that he 
forced his sister Tamar. Now there 
fore let not my lord the King take the 
thing to his heart, to think that all 
the King s sons are dead ; for Amnon 
only is dead. But Absalom fled. 

Third Responsory. 
Hearken, O LORD, &c., (p. 225.) 
1 I.e., Sharama. 



Third Day. 
MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Second 
Book of Kings (xiv. 4.) 

A ND when the woman of Tekoah 2 
was come in unto the King s 
presence, she fell on her face to the 
ground, and did obeisance, and said : 
Help, O King ! And the King said 
unto her : What aileth thee ? And 
she said : Alas for me, I am a widow 
woman, for mine husband is dead. 
And thine handmaid had two sons, 
and they two strove together in the 
field, and there was none to part 
them, but the one smote the other 
and slew him. And, behold, the 
whole family is risen against thine 
handmaid, and they said : Deliver 
him that smote his brother, that we 
may kill him, for the life of his 
brother, whom he slew, and we will 
destroy the heir also : and so they 
shall quench my coal which is left, 
and shall not leave to mine husband 
either name or remainder upon the 
earth. 

First Responsory. 

Lord, when Thy people, &c., (p. 
269.) 

Second Lesson. 

AND the King said :. Whosoever 
^^ saith aught unto thee, bring 
him to me, and he shall not touch 
thee any more. Then said she : I 
pray thee, let the King remember the 
LORD thy God, that they of the kin 
ship be not suffered to seek further 
for vengeance, and to destroy my 

2 She was an agent of Joab. 



294 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



son. And he said : As the LORD 
liveth, there shall not one hair of thy 
son fall to the earth. Then the 
woman said : Let thine handmaid 
speak one word unto my lord the 
King. And he said : Say on. And 
the woman said : Wherefore then 
hast thou thought such a thing against 
the people of God, and wherefore doth 
the King speak this thing as one 
which is faulty, in that the King doth 
not fetch home again his banished ? 
For we must needs all die, and are as 
water spilt on the ground, which 
cannot be gathered up again. Neither 
is it the will of God that a soul should 
perish, but He repenteth Him, lest 
He should utterly destroy the cast 
away. 

Second Responsory. 
And it came to pass, &c., (p. 270.) 



Third Lesson. (19.) 

AND the King said : Is not the 
"^^ hand of Joab with thee in all 
this ? And the woman answered and 
said : As thy soul liveth, my Lord the 
King, none can turn to the right hand 
or to the left from aught that my lord 
the King hath spoken ; for thy servant 
Joab, he bade me, and he put all these 
words in the mouth of thine handmaid. 
That I should fetch about this form of 
speech, thy servant Joab commanded 
it ; but thou art wise, O my lord the 
King, according to the wisdom of an 
Angel of God, to know all things that 
are in the earth. And the King said 
unto Joab : Behold, now, I am recon 
ciled to do after thy word ; go there 
fore, and bring the young man Absalom 
again. 

Third Responsory. 
Thus saith the LORD, &c., (p. 223.) 



Fourth Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Second 
Book of Kings (xv. i.) 

AND it came to pass after this that 
^~^ Absalom prepared him chariots 
and horse-men, and fifty men to run 
before him. And Absalom rose up 
early, and stood beside the entering-in 
of the gate ; and it was so that when 
any man that had a controversy came 
to the King for judgment, then Ab 
salom called unto him, and said : Of 
what city art thou ? And he said : 
Thy servant is of one of the tribes of 
Israel. And Absalom said unto him : 
See, thy matters are good and right ; 
but there is no man deputed of the 
King to hear thee. 

First Responsory. 
My sins are many, c., (p. 224.) 

Second Lesson. 

A BSALOM said moreover : O that 
I were made judge in the land, 
that every man which hath any suit or 
cause might come unto me, and I 
would do him justice ! And it was so, 
that when any man came nigh to him 
to do him obeisance, he put forth his 
hand, and took him, and kissed him. 
And on this manner did Absalom to 
all Israel that came to the King for 
judgment ; so Absalom stole the hearts 
of the men of Israel. 



Second Responsory. 

O Lord, Thou hast hearkened, &c., 
(P. 224.) 



SIXTH WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 



295 



Third Lesson, 

AND it came to pass after forty 
years that Absalom said unto 
King David : I will go and pay my 
vow which I have vowed unto the 
LORD in Hebron. For thy servant 
vowed a vow while I abode in Geshur 
in Syria, saying : If the LORD shall 
bring me again indeed to Jerusalem, 
then I will offer a sacrifice unto the 
LORD. And King David said unto 
him : Go in peace. So he arose, and 
went to Hebron. But Absalom sent 
spies throughout all the tribes of Israel, 
saying : As soon as ye hear the sound 
of the trumpet, then ye shall say - 
Absalom reigneth in Hebron. 

Third Responsory. 
Hearken, O LORD, &c., (p. 225.) 



Fifth Day. 
MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Second 
Book of Kings (xv. 13.) 

AND there came a messenger to 
~^^ David, saying : The heart of all 
Israel is after Absalom. And David 
said unto his servants that were with 
him at Jerusalem : Arise, let us flee ; 
for we shall not else escape from 
Absalom. Make speed to depart, lest 
he overtake us suddenly, and bring 
evil upon us, and smite the city with 
the edge of the sword. And the 
King s servants said unto him : Thy 
servants are ready to do whatsoever 
our lord the King shall appoint. 



First Responsory. 
Prepare your hearts, &c., (p. 221.) 

Second Lesson. 

A ND the King went forth, and all 
^^ his household after him on foot ; 
and the King left ten women, which 
were concubines, to keep the house. 
And the King and all Israel went 
forth, on foot, and tarried in a place 
that was far off ; and all his servants 
passed on beside him, and all the 
Cherethites, and all the Pelethites, and 
all the Gittites, valiant men of war, 
six hundred, which came after him from 
Gath, passed on before him. 

Second Responsory. 
God Which heareth all, &c., (p. 

222.) 

Third Lesson. 

^THEN said the King to Ittai the 
Gittite : Wherefore goest thou 
also with us ? Return to thy place, 
and abide with the King ; for thou art 
a stranger, and also an exile. Where 
as thou earnest but yesterday, should I 
this day make thee go out with us ? 
As for me, I go whither I go ; return 
thou, and take back with thee thy 
brethren ; and the Lord will deal with 
thee in mercy and in truth, because 
thou hast showed me kindness and 
faithfulness. 1 



Third Responsory. 

The LORD That delivered me, &c., 
(P. 222.) 



1 Verse 21. And Ittai answered the King, and said : As the LORD liveth, and as my lord 
the King liveth, surely in what place my lord the King shall be, whether in death or life, even 
there also will thy servant be. 



296 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



Sixth Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Second 
Book of Kings (xvi. 5.) 

AND when King David came to 
^^ Bahurim, behold, thence came 
out a man of the family of the house of 
Saul, whose name was Shimei, the son 
of Gera. He came forth, and cursed 
still as he came ; and he cast stones at 
David, and at all the servants of King- 
David. And all the people, and all 
the mighty men were on the King s 
right hand and his left. And thus 
said Shimei when he cursed the King : 
Come out, come out, thou bloody man, 
and thou man of Belial. The LORD 
hath returned upon thee all the blood 
of the house of Saul, in whose stead 
thou hast reigned. 1 

First Responsory. 
Saul hath slain, &c., (p. 223.) 



Second Lesson. ( 9 . ) 



T 



HEN said Abishai the son of 
Zeruiah unto the King : Why 
should this dead dog curse my lord 
the King ? Let me go over, and take 
off his head. And the King said : 
What have I to do with you, ye 
sons of Zeruiah ? Let him curse ; 
because the LORD hath said unto 
him: Curse David and who shall 
then dare to say : Wherefore hast 
thou done so ? 

Second Responsory. 

Ye mountains of Gilboa, c., (p. 

223.) 



Third Lesson. 

A ND the King said to Abishai, and 
"^^ to all his servants : Behold, my 
son, which came forth of my bowels, 
seeketh my life ; how much more now 
may this Benjamite do it ? Let him 
alone, and let him curse, for the LORD 
hath bidden him. It may be that the 
LORD will look on mine affliction, and 
that the LORD will requite me good for 
his cursing this day. 

Third Responsory. 
Thus saith the LORD, &c., (p. 223.) 



The Sabbath. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Second 
Book of Kings (xviii. 6.) 

CO the people went out into the field 
against Israel ; and the battle 
was in the wood of Ephraim. There 
the people of Israel were slain before 
the army of David : and there was 
there a great slaughter that day, of 
twenty thousand men. For the battle 
was there, scattered over the face of 
all the country, and the wood devoured 
more people that day than the sword 
devoured. 

First Responsory. 
My sins are many, &c., (p. 224.) 

Second Lesson. 

A ND Absalom met the servants of 
^^ David, and he rode upon a mule ; 
and the mule went under the thick 



1 The text continues : " And the Lord hath delivered the kingdom into the hand of Absalom 
thy son. And, behold, thou art taken in thy mischief because thou art a bloody man." 



SEVENTH WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 



297 



boughs of a great oak, and his head 
caught hold of the oak, and he was 
taken up between the heaven and the 
earth, and the mule that was under 
him went away. And a certain man 
saw it, and told Joab, and said : I saw 
Absalom hanged in an oak. And 
Joab said unto the man that told 
him : If thou sawest him, why didst 
thou not smite him there to the ground ? 
And I would have given thee ten shekels 
of silver, and a girdle. And the man 
said unto Joab : Though I should re 
ceive a thousand shekels of silver in 
mine hand, yet would I not put forth 
mine hand against the King s son ; for 
in our hearing the King charged thee, 
and Abishai, and Ittai, saying : Be 
ware, and save for me my child Ab 
salom. 

Second Responsory. 

O Lord, Thou hast hearkened, c., 
(p. 224.) 

Third Lesson. 

HP HEN said Joab : Though thou 
will it not, yet will I go up 
against him before thy face. And he 
took three darts in his hand, and 
thrust them through the heart of Ab 
salom ; and while he yet hung quiver 
ing with life in the oak, ten young men 
that bare Joab s armour, compassed 
about, and smote Absalom and slew 
him. And Joab blew the trumpet, 
and the people returned from pursuing 
after Israel, for Joab was fain to spare 
the multitude. And they took Absalom 
and cast him into a great pit in the 
wood, and laid a very great heap of 
stones upon him. 

Third Responsory. 
Hearken, O LORD, c., (p. 225.) 



Nathan the Prophet anointed Solomon 
King in Gihon, and they went up with 
joy, and cried, saying : May the King 
live for ever ! 

Note. The above is the First Satur 
day evening Antiphon which can be 
displaced by "Wisdom hath builded, 
c." 

Prayer from the succeeding Lauds. 



Sefaentfj Simfcag after 
cost. 



The Seventh Lord s Day after Pente 
cost. 

MATTINS. 

FIRST NOCTURN. 

First Lesson. 

Here beginneth the Third Book of 
Kings (i. i.) 

j\J OW King David was old, and 
stricken in years : and they 
covered him with clothes, but he gat 
no heat. Wherefore his servants said 
unto him : Let there be sought for my 
lord the King a young virgin, and let 
her stand before the King, and let her 
cherish him, and let her lie in thy 
bosom, that my lord the King may 
get heat. So they sought for a fair 
damsel throughout all the coasts of 
Israel, and found Abishag, a Shunam- 
ite, and brought her to the King. And 
the damsel was very fair, and slept 
with the King, and ministered unto 
him ; but the King knew her not. 



VESPERS. 



Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed 
Virgin. And Zadok the Priest * and 



First Responsory. 
Prepare your hearts, &c., (p. 22 1/ 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



Second Lesson. 

HPHEN Adonijah, the son of Hag- 
g ith, 1 exalted himself, saying : I 
will be King. And he prepared him 
chariots, and horsemen, and fifty men 
to run before him. And his father 
had not chidden him at any time, say 
ing : Why hast thou done so ? And 
he also was a very goodly man, and 
his mother bare him after Absalom. 
And he conferred with Joab the son of 
Zeruiah, and with Abiathar the Priest, 
and they, following Adonijah, helped 
him. But Zadok the Priest, and 
Benaiah the son of Jehoiadah, and 
Nathan the Prophet, and Shimei, and 
Rei, and the mighty men w r hich be 
longed to David, were not with 
Adonijah. 



Second Responsory. 
God Which heareth all, &c., (p. 

222.) 

Third Lesson. ( 1 1 . ) 

HEREFORE Nathan spake unto 
Bathsheba the mother of Sol 
omon, saying" : Hast thou not heard 
that Adonijah, the son of Haggith, 
doth reign, and David our lord know- 
eth it not ? Now therefore come, let 
me, I pray thee, give thee counsel, 
that thou mayest save thine own life, 
and the life of thy son Solomon. Go, 
and get thee in unto King David, and 
say unto him : Didst not thou, O my 
lord King, swear unto thine handmaid, 
saying, Solomon thy son shall reign 
after me, and he shall sit upon my 
throne ? Why, then, doth Adonijah 
reign ? And while thou yet talkest 
there with the King, I also will come 
in after thee, and confirm thy words. 
And Bathsheba went in unto the King, 
into the chamber. 



Third Responsory. 

The LORD That delivered me, &c., 
(p. 222.) 

SECOND NOCTURN. 
Fourth Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Epistle 
written to Nepotian by St Jerome, 
Priest [at Bethlehem.] (Ep. ii. 
torn. i. ) 

Al/ HEN David, who had once been 
a man of war, was seventy 
years old, the chill of old age came 
upon him, and he could get no heat. 
So they sought out for him throughout 
all the coasts of Israel Abishag the 
Shunamite, to sleep with the king and 
to warm his aged body. Who is this 
Shunamite, wife and yet virgin, so hot, 
that she could heat the chilly, so holy, 
that her warmth provoked him not to 
lust ? Let Solomon the Wise explain 
his father s enjoyment, and the "Peace 
ful One" 2 tell of the warrior s embraces. 
" Get wisdom, get understanding ; for 
get it not, neither decline from the 
words of my mouth ; forsake her not, 
and she shall preserve thee ; love her, 
and she shall keep thee. Wisdom is 
the principal thing ; therefore get wis 
dom ; and with all thy getting, get 
understanding. Exalt her, and she 
shall promote thee. Honour her, and 
she shall embrace thee, and shall give 
to thine head an ornament of grace. 
She shall compass thee like a crown 
of delights." (Prov. iv. 5-9.) 

Fourth Responsory. 
Saul hath slain, &c., (p. 223.) 

Fifth Lesson. 

T N old men almost all the powers of 

the body become weakened, and 

while wisdom only is increasing, all 



And of David. 



- A pun on the name " Solomon," which signifies " Peaceful." 



SEVENTH WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 



299 



things else beside wisdom fail. Then 
faileth strength for fasting, for watch 
ing, for "chameuniae," (that is, sleep 
ing on the floor,) for wandering hither 
and thither, for receiving strangers, for 
defending the poor, for instance and 
constancy in prayer, for visiting the 
sick, for that work with the hands 
whence alms are given. I need not 
treat of this with long talk, but, in 
short, when the body is broken down, 
all the works of the body wax en 
feebled. 

Fifth Responsory. 
Ye mountains, &c., (p. 223.) 

Sixth Lesson. 

"VT EITHER do I say, on the other 
hand, that wisdom, which in 
many old men drivelleth into second 
childhood, is weak, or wanting in such 
of the young and stout, as win knowledge 
by work and earnest study, by holiness 
of life and instancy of prayer to the 
Lord JESUS, but this I do say, that the 
more spiritual faculties have in youth 
many wrestlings with the body to go 
through, and that, what with violent 
provocations to vice, and what with 
the sensual ticklings of the flesh, they 
are apt to be smothered like fire among 
green wood, and not able to blaze forth 
in all their brightness. But when old 
age cometh upon them, who have spent 
their youth in acquiring sound know 
ledge, and have meditated in the law 
of the Lord day and night, it hath this 
effect on them, to make them more 
learned by their increased years, more 
experienced by constant use, more wise, 
through the advance of time and, in 
short, doth offer them the rich harvest 
of their past diligence. 

Sixth Responsory. 
Thus saith the LORD, &c., (p. 223.) 



THIRD NOCTURN. 

Seventh Responsory. 
My sins, &c., (p. 224.) 

Eighth Responsory. 
One seraph cried, &c., (p. 218.) 



Seco?id Day. 

MATTINS. 
First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Third 
Book of Kings (i. 28.) 

HP HEN King David answered, and 
said : Call me Bathsheba. And 
she came into the King s presence, 
and stood before the King. And the 
King sware, and said : As the LORD 
liveth, that hath redeemed my soul 
out of all distress, even as I sware 
unto thee by the LORD God of Israel, 
saying : Assuredly, Solomon thy son 
shall reign after me, and he shall sit 
upon my throne in my stead even 
so will I certainly do this day. Then 
Bathsheba bowed with her face to the 
earth, and did reverence to the King, 
and said : Let my lord David live for 
ever. 

First Responsory. 

Remember, O Lord, Thy covenant, 

&c., (p. 268.) 

Second Lesson. 

A ND King David said : Call me 
^*- Zadok the Priest, and Nathan 
the Prophet, and Benaiah the son of 
Jehoiadah. And they came before the 
King, and he said unto them : Take 
with you the servants of your lord, 
and cause Solomon my son to ride 
upon mine own mule, and bring him 



3 oo 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



down to Gihon, and let Zadok the 
Priest and Nathan the Prophet anoint 
him there King over Israel. And 
blow ye with the trumpet and say : 
God save King Solomon ? Then ye 
shall come up after him, that he may 
come, and sit upon my throne, for he 
shall be King in my stead. 







Second Responsory. 
Lord, Thou hast hearkened, 



&c., (p. 224.) 

Third Lesson. 

CO Zadok the Priest, and Nathan 
*^ the Prophet, and Benaiah the 
son of Jehoiadah, and the Cherethites, 
and Pelethites, 1 went down, and caused 
Solomon to ride upon King David s 
mule, and brought him to Gihon. 
And Zadok the Priest took a horn 
of oil out of the tabernacle, and 
anointed Solomon ; and they blew the 
trumpet, and all the people said : God 
save King Solomon ! And all the 
people came up after him, and the 
people piped with pipes, and rejoiced 
with great joy, so that the earth rang 
with the sound of them. 



Third Responsory. 
Hearken, O LORD, &c., (p. 225.) 



Third Day. 
MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Third 
Book of Kings (ii. I.) 



TVJ OW the days of David drew nigh, 
that he should die. And he 
charged Solomon his son, saying : I 
go the way of all the earth ; be thou 
strong, therefore, and show thyself a 
man. And keep the charge of the 
LORD thy God, to walk in His ways, 
to keep His statutes, and His com 
mandments, and His judgments, and 
His testimonies, as it is written in 
the law of Moses, that thou mayest 
have understanding in whatsoever thou 
doest, and whithersoever thou turnest 
thyself; that the LORD may continue 
His word, which He spake concerning 
me, saying : If thy children take heed 
to their way, to walk before Me in 
truth with all their heart, and with all 
their soul, there shall not fail thee a 
man on the throne of Israel. 



First Responsory. 

Lord, when Thy people, &c., 

(P. 269.) 

Second Lesson. 

ly/TOREOVER thou knowest also 
what Joab the son of Zeruiah 
did to me, 2 and what he did to the 
two captains of the hosts of Israel, 
unto Abner, 3 the son of Ner, and unto 
Amasa 4 the son of Jether, whom he 
slew ; and shed the blood of war in 
peace, and put the blood of w-ar upon 
his girdle that was about his loins, 
and in his shoes, that were on his 
feet. Do therefore according to thy 
wisdom, and let not his hoar head go 
down to the grave in peace. 



Second Responsory. 

And it came to pass, &c., (p. 270.) 
(Gesenius.) 



1 Cherethites and Pelethites = executioners and runners. 
2 Perhaps referring to the death of Absalom. 

3 He assassinated him from a motive of private revenge when he came to make his peace 
with David at Hebron. 2 Kings (Sam.) iii. 27. 

4 He assassinated him, probably on suspicion of treachery. 2 Kings (Sam.) xx. 10. 



SEVENTH WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 



301 



Third Lesson. 

TDUT show kindness unto the sons 
of Barzillai the Gileadite, and 
let them be of those that eat at thy 
table. For so they came to me, when 
I fled from before Absalom thy brother. 
And, behold, thou hast with thee 
Shimei the son of Gera, a Benjamite 
of Bahurim, which cursed me with a 
grievous curse in the day when I 
went to " the Two-Camps ; " l but he 
came down to meet me when I passed 
over Jordan, and I sware to him by 
the LORD, saying : I will not put thee 
to death with the sword ; now, there 
fore, hold him not guiltless. 2 

Third Responsory. 
Thus saith the LORD, &c., (p. 223.) 



Fourth Day. 

MATTINS. 
First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Third 
Book of Kings (iii. 5.) 

HPHE LORD appeared to Solomon in 
a dream by night, and said : 
Ask what I shall give thee. And 
Solomon said : Thou hast showed un 
to Thy servant David my father great 
mercy, according as he walked before 
Thee in truth and in righteousness, 
and in uprightness of heart with 
Thee ; and Thou hast kept for him 
this great kindness, that Thou hast 
given him a son to sit upon his 
throne, as it is this day. 



First Responsory. 
My sins are many, &c., (p. 224.) 

Second Lesson. 

AND now, O LORD my God, Thou 
^^ hast made Thy servant King 
instead of David my father ; and I 
am but a little child ; I know not 
how to go out or come in. And Thy 
servant is in the midst of Thy people 
which Thou hast chosen, a great 
people, that cannot be numbered nor 
counted for multitude. Give there 
fore Thy servant an understanding- 
heart, to judge Thy people, that I 
may discern between good and bad. 
For who is able to judge this Thy 
so great a people ? 

Second Respo7isory. 

O Lord, Thou hast hearkened, &c., 
(P. 2240 

Third Lesson. 

AND the speech pleased the Lord, 
*^^ that Solomon had asked this 
thing. And the Lord said unto 
Solomon : Because thou hast asked 
this thing, and hast not asked for 
thyself long life, neither riches, nor 
the life of thine enemies, but hast 
asked for thyself understanding to 
discern judgment ; behold, I have 
done according to thy words, and have 
given unto thee a wise and an under 
standing heart, so that there was none 
like thee before thee, neither after thee 
shall any arise like unto thee. And 
I have also given thee that which thou 
hast not asked, both riches and honour, 
so that there shall not be any among 
the kings like unto thee all thy days. 



1 Probably the place where Jacob met the " hosts of God," and which he called Mahanaim, 
" Two-camps." 

2 Solomon afterwards had him put to death. 3 (i) Kings ii. 46. This command is the last 
recorded words of David. Verse 10 says : " So David slept with his fathers, and was buried in 
the city of David." 



302 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



Third Responsory. 

Hearken, O LORD, unto the cry, 
(P. 225.) 



Fifth Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Third 
Book of Kings (iv. 21.) 

AND Solomon reigned over all 
kingdoms from the river of the 
land of the Philistines unto the border 
of Egypt ; they brought him presents 
and served him all the days of his 
life. And Solomon s provision for one 
day was thirty measures of fine flour, 
and three-score measures of meal ; ten 
fat oxen, and twenty oxen out of the 
pastures, and an hundred sheep ; be 
side harts, and roe-bucks, and fallow- 
deer, and fatted fowl. For he had 
dominion over all the region on this 
side the river, from Tiphsah even to 
Gaza, over all the kings on this side 
the river, and he had peace on all 
sides round about him. 

First Responsory. 
Prepare your hearts, &c., (p. 221.) 

Second Lesson. 

A ND Judah and Israel dwelt safely, 
^^ every man under his vine and 
under his fig-tree, from Dan even to 
Beersheba, all the days of Solomon. 
And Solomon had forty thousand stalls 
of horses for his chariots, and twelve 
thousand horsemen. And the officers 
of the King that were heretofore 
named, they provided food for them : 
and for all that came unto King 
Solomon s table, they furnished all 
most carefully according to the sea 
son. Barley also and straw for the 



horses and the beasts of burden, 
brought they unto the place where 
the King was, every man according 
to his charge. And God gave Solo 
mon wisdom and understanding ex 
ceeding much, and largeness of heart, 
even as the sand that is on the sea 
shore. 

Second Responsory. 

God, Which heareth all, &c., (p. 

222.) 

Third Lesson. 

AND Solomon s wisdom excelled 
^^ the wisdom of all the children 
of the east country, and all the 
wisdom of Egypt ; and he was wiser 
than all men ; than Ethan the Ezra- 
hite, and Heman, and Chalcol, and 
Darda, the sons of Mahol ; and his 
fame was in all nations round about. 
And he spake three thousand pro 
verbs, and his songs were a thousand 
and five. And he spake of trees, from 
the cedar -tree that is in Lebanon, 
even unto the hyssop that springeth 
out of the wall ; he spake also of 
beasts, and of fowl, and of creeping 
things, and of fishes. And there 
came of all people to hear the wis 
dom of Solomon, and from all kings 
of the earth, which had heard of all 
wisdom. 

Third Responsory. 
The LORD That delivered me, &c., 

(P. 222.) 



Sixth Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Third 
Book of Kings (v. i . ) 

AND Hiram, King of Tyre, sent his 

servants unto Solomon ; for he 

had heard that they had anointed him 



SEVENTH WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 



303 



king in the room of his father ; for 
Hiram was ever a lover of David. 
And Solomon sent to Hiram, saying : 
Thou knowest how that David my 
father would have built an house unto 
the name of the LORD his God, but 
could not do it, for the wars which 
were about him on every side, until 
the LORD put them under the soles 
of his feet. But now the LORD my 
God hath given me rest on every side, 
so that there is neither adversary, nor 
evil occurrent. 

First Responsory. 
Saul hath slain, &c., (p. 223.) 

Second Lesson. 



, I purpose to build 
an house unto the name of the 
LORD my God, as the LORD spake 
unto David my father, saying : Thy 
son, whom I will set upon thy throne 
in thy room, he shall build an house 
unto My name. Now, therefore, com 
mand thou thy servants that they hew 
me cedar-trees out of Lebanon, and 
let my servants be with thy servants ; 
and unto thee will I give hire for 
thy servants, according to all that 
thou shalt appoint ; for thou knowest 
that there is not among my people 
any that can skill to hew timber like 
unto the Sidonians. 

Seco7ui Responsory. 

Ye mountains of Gilboa, &c., (p. 

223.) 

Third Lesson. 

A ND it came to pass, when Hiram 

heard the words of Solomon, 

that he rejoiced greatly, and said : 

Blessed be the LORD God this day, 

Which hath given unto DaVid a wise 



son over this great people. And 
Hiram sent to Solomon, saying : I 
have considered the things which thou 
sentest to me for : I will do all thy 
desire concerning timber of cedar, and 
concerning timber of fir. My ser 
vants shall bring them down from 
Lebanon unto the sea, and I will 
convey them by sea in floats unto 
the place that thou shalt appoint me, 
and will cause them to be discharged 
there, and thou shalt receive them, 
and thou shalt accomplish my desire 
in giving food for my household. 

Third Responsory. 
Thus saith the LORD, &c., (p. 223.) 



The Sabbath. 

MATTINS. 
First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Third 
Book of Kings (vii. 51.) 

QO was ended all the work that 
King Solomon made for the 
house of the LORD, and he brought 
in the things which David his father 
had dedicated ; even the silver, and 
the gold, and the vessels, did he put 
among the treasures of the house of 
the LORD. (viii.) Then were as 
sembled all the elders of Israel, and 
the heads of the tribes, and the chiefs 
of the families of the children of Is 
rael, unto King Solomon in Jerusalem, 
that they mig ht bring up the ark of 
the covenant of the LORD out of the 
city of David, which is Zion. 1 And 
all the men of Israel assembled them 
selves unto King Solomon at the feast, 
in the month Ethanim, 2 which is the 
seventh month. 



1 That is, from one to the other of the two southernmost of the hills on which Jerusalem 
stands. 

2 It falls about September, and is more commonly called Tizri. 



304 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



First Responsory. 
My sins are many, &c., (p. 224.) 

Second Lesson. 

AND all the elders of Israel came ; 
and the Priests took up the 
ark, and they brought up the ark of 
the LORD, and the tabernacle of the 
covenant, and all the vessels of the 
sanctuary that were in the tabernacle, 
even those did the Priests and the 
Levites bring up. And King Solo 
mon, and all the congregation of 
Israel, that were assembled unto him, 
were with him before the ark, sacri 
ficing sheep and oxen, that could not 
be told nor numbered for multitude. 
And the Priests brought in the ark 
of the covenant of the LORD unto his 
place, into the oracle of the house, 
to the Most Holy Place, even under 
the wings of the Cherubim. 1 For 
the Cherubim spread forth their two 
wings over the place of the ark, 
and covered the ark, and the staves 
thereof, above. 



the glory of the LORD had filled the 
house of the LORD. Then spake 
Solomon : The LORD said that He 
would dwell in the cloud. 2 



Third Responsory. 

LORD, unto the cry, 



Hearken, O 
&c., (p. 225.) 



VESPERS. 

Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed 
Virgin. O Lord, Thou hast heark 
ened unto the prayer of Thy servant, * 
that I might build a temple unto Thy 
Name. 

Prayer from Lands of the succeeding 
Sunday. 



after 



Pentecost. 



The Eighth Lord^s Day after 
Pentecost. 



Second Responsory. 

O Lord, Thou hast hearkened, &c., 

(p. 224.) 

Third Lesson. 

"PHERE was nothing in the ark 
save the two tables of stone 
which Moses put there at Horeb, 
when the LORD made a covenant with 
the children of Israel, when they came 
out of the land of Egypt. And it 
came to pass, when the priests were 
come out of the holy place, that the 
cloud filled the house of the LORD ; 
so that the Priests could not stand to 
minister because of the cloud ; for 



MATTINS. 

FIRST NOCTURN. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Third 
Book of Kings (ix. i.) 

AND it came to pass, when Solo- 
^^ mon had finished the building 
of the house of the LORD, and the 
King s house, and all his desire which 
he was pleased to do, that the LORD 
appeared to him the second time, as 
He had appeared to him at Gibeon. 
And the LORD said unto him : I have 
heard thy prayer, and thy supplication 



1 Two colossal images of these creatures made of olive-wood plated with gold, which stood 
in the Holy of Holies, with their wings arranged so as to overshadow the ark of the covenant. 

2 The reader will do well to read the rest of ch. viii., which contains Solomon s dedicatory 
prayer. 



EIGHTH WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 



305 



that thou hast made before Me : I 
have hallowed this house which thou 
hast built, to put My Name there for 
ever ; and Mine eyes and Mine heart 
shall be there perpetually. And if 
thou wilt walk before Me, as David 
thy father walked, in straightforward 
ness of heart and in uprightness, to 
do according to all that I have com 
manded thee, and wilt keep My stat 
utes and My judgments, then I will 
establish the throne of thy kingdom 
upon Israel for ever, as I promised to 
David thy father, saying : There shall 
not fail thee a man upon the throne 
of Israel. 

First Responsory. 
Prepare your hearts, &c., (p. 221.) 

Seventh Lesson. 

13 UT if ye shall at all turn from fol 
lowing Me, ye or your children, 
and will not keep My commandments, 
and My statutes, which I have set 
before you, but go and serve other 
gods, and worship them, then will I 
cut off Israel out of the land which I 
have given them ; and this house, 
which I have hallowed for My Name, 
will I cast out of My sight ; and 
Israel shall be a proverb and a by 
word among all people. And this 
house shall be a warning, and every 
one that passeth by it shall be aston 
ished, and shall hiss, and shall say : 
Why hath the LORD done thus unto 
this land, and to this house ? And 
they shall answer : Because they for 
sook the LORD their God, Who 
brought forth their fathers out of the 
land of Egypt, and have taken hold 
upon other gods, and have worshipped 
them, and served them : therefore 
hath the LORD brought upon them all 
this evil. 



Second Responsory. 
God, Which heareth all, &c., (p. 

222.) 

Third Lesson. 

A ND it came to pass at the end of 
twenty years, when Solomon 
had built the two houses, the house 
of the LORD, and the King s house, 
(now Hiram, the King of Tyre, had 
furnished Solomon with cedar-trees, 
and fir-trees, and with gold, according 
to all his desire,) that then King 
Solomon gave Hiram twenty cities in 
the land of Galilee. And Hiram 
came out from Tyre to see the cities 
which Solomon had g iven him ; and 
they pleased him not ; and he said : 
What cities are these, which thou hast 
given me, my brother ? And he 
called them the land of " Cabul " l 
unto this day. And Hiram sent to 
King Solomon six-score talents of 
gold. 

Third Responsory. 
The LORD That delivered me, &c., 

(P. 222.) 

SECOND NOCTURN. 
Fourth Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book 
upon "The City of God" written 
by St Austin, Bishop [of Hippo.] 
(Bk. xvii. ch. 8.) 

"THINGS which were then still to 
come were in a certain manner 
imagined in Solomon, who built the 
temple, who had that peace which his 
name implieth (for the name Solo 
mon signifieth " the Peaceful One ") 
and who, at the beginning of his reign, 
was marvellously praiseworthy. By 
these things he foreshadowed in his 
own person, though he set not forth 



I.e., unpleasant. 



306 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



with his mouth, our Lord Christ. 
Thus are some things written of Solo 
mon which are, as it were, things 
written concerning Christ, the Holy 
Scripture in this way, by giving the 
history of things past, prophesying all 
the while of things to come. 

Fourth Responsory. 
Saul hath slain, &c., (p. 223.) 

Fifth Lesson. 

T7OR besides the books of the 
Divine history wherein his reign 
is recorded, the 7ist Psalm is super 
scribed with his name. In this Psalm 
are many things which cannot suit 
him, but are most clearly applicable 
to the Lord Christ, thus showing that 
Solomon was, as it were, a shadowy 
figure cast before, of that which was 
afterwards revealed in very truth in 
the Person of Christ. 

Fifth Responsory. 

Ye mountains of Gilboa, &c., (p. 

223.) 

Sixth Lesson. 

VyiTHOUT going into the rest, I 
may say that it is known what 
were the limits of Solomon s do 
minions, and yet in that Psalm we 
read : "He shall have dominion also 
from sea to sea, and from the river 
unto the ends of the earth." This we 
see fulfilled in Christ. It was from 
the river, that is, from His Baptism 
by John in Jordan, that He began 
His assumption of dominion, for then 
it was when John bare testimony unto 
Him that His disciples began to 
acknowledge Him, calling Him, not 
Master only, but Lord. 



Sixth Responsory. 
Thus saith the LORD, &c., (p. 223.) 

THIRD NOCTURN. 

Seventh Responsory. 
My sins are many, &c., (p. 224.) 


Eighth Responsory. 

One seraph cried, &c., (p. 218.) 

Qtflonfcap. 

Second Day. 
MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Third 
Book of Kings (x. i.) 

A ND when the Queen of Sheba 1 
*~*~ heard of the fame of Solomon 
concerning the name of the LORD, 
she came to prove him with hard 
questions. And she came to Jer 
usalem with a very great train and 
riches, with camels that bare spices, 
and very much gold, and precious 
stones. And when she was come to 
King Solomon, she communed with 
him of all that was in her heart. 
And Solomon told her all her ques 
tions ; there was not anything hid 
from the King, which he told her not. 

First Responsory. 

Remember, O Lord, Thy covenant, 
&c., (p. 268.) 

Second Lesson. 

AND when the Queen of Sheba had 
i**" seen all Solomon s wisdom, and 
the house that he had built, and the 



She seems to have been an Abyssinian. 



EIGHTH WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 



307 



meat of his table, and the sitting of 
his servants, and the attendance of 
his ministers, and their apparel, and 
his cup-bearers, and the sacrifices 
which he offered in the house of the 
LORD, there was no more spirit in 
her. And she said to the King : It 
was a true report that I heard in 
mine own land, of thy discourse and 
of thy wisdom ; howbeit, I believed 
not the words, until I came, and 
mine eyes had seen it, and I per 
ceived that the half was not told me ; 
thy wisdom and thy works exceed 
the fame which I heard. 



Second Responsory. 

O Lord, Thou hast hearkened, &c., 

(p. 224.) 

Third Lesson. 

TTAPPY are thy men, happy are 
these thy servants, which stand 
continually before thee, and that hear 
thy wisdom. Blessed be the LORD 
thy God, which delighted in thee, 
to set thee on the throne of Israel, 
because the LORD loveth Israel for 
ever, therefore made He thee king, 
to do judgment and justice. And she 
gave the King an hundred and twenty 
talents of gold, and of spices very 
great store, and precious stones ; 
there came no more such abundance 
of spices as these which the Queen 
of Sheba gave to King Solomon. 
And the navy also of Hiram, that 
brought gold from Ophir, brought in 
from Ophir great plenty of sandal- 
wood, 1 and precious stones. 



Third Responsory. 
Hearken, O LORD, &c., (p. 225.) 



Third Day. 
MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Third 
Book of Kings (xi. i.) 

TDUT King Solomon loved many 
strange women, together with 
the daughter of Pharaoh, 2 women of 
the Moabites, Ammonites, Edomites, 
Sidonians, and Hittites of the nations 
concerning which the LORD said unto 
the children of Israel : Ye shall not go 
in to them, neither shall they come in 
unto you ; for surely they will turn 
away your hearts to follow after their 
gods. 3 Solomon clave unto these in 
love. And he had seven hundred 
wives, as queens, and three hundred 
concubines ; and his wives turned 
away his heart. For it came to pass, 
when Solomon was old, that his wives 
turned away his heart, to follow after 
other gods ; and his heart was not 
perfect with the LORD his God, as was 
the heart of David his father. 

First Rcspo?isory. 

Lord, when Thy people, &c., (p. 

269.) 

Second Lesson. 

"pOR Solomon went after Ashtoreth, 
the goddess of the Sidonians, 
and after Moloch, the idol of the 
Ammonites. And Solomon did evil 
in the sight of the LORD, and went 
not fully after the LORD, as did David 
his father. Then did Solomon build 
an high place for Chemosh, the idol 
of Moab, in the hill that is before 
Jerusalem, and for Moloch, the idol of 
the children of Ammon. And likewise 
did he for all his strange wives, which 



1 So Gesenius, but the meaning is very uncertain, and many Rabbis consider that coral is 
meant. LXX. "dressed timber." 

2 She was his first wife. 3(1) Kings iii. i. 3 Ex. xxxiv. 16. Deut. vii. 3, 4. 



308 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



burnt incense, and sacrificed unto their 
gods. 

Second Responsory. 

And it came to pass, &c., (p. 270.) 

Third Lesson. 

AND the LORD was angry with 
^^ Solomon, because his heart was 
turned from the LORD God of Israel, 
Which had appeared unto him twice, 
and had commanded him concerning 
this thing, that he should not go after 
other gods ; but he kept not that which 
the LORD commanded him. [Where 
fore the LORD said] unto Solomon : 
Forasmuch as this is done of thee, and 
thou hast not kept My covenant and 
My statutes, which I have commanded 
thee, I will surely rend the kingdom 
from thee, and will give it to thy servant. 
Notwithstanding, in thy days I will not 
do it, for David thy father s sake. 

Third Responsory. 
Thus saith the LORD, &c., (p. 223.) 



Fourth Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Third 
Book of Kings (xi. 26.) 

AND Jeroboam the son of Nebat, 
** an Ephrathite of Zereda, Solo 
mon s servant, whose mother s name 
was Zeruah, a widow woman, even he 
lifted up his hand against the King. 
And this is the cause that he rebelled 
against him. Solomon built Millo, 
and repaired the breaches of the city 
of David his father. And Jeroboam 
was a mighty man and powerful. And 
Solomon, seeing the young man, that 



he was of a good disposition and in 
dustrious, he set him over the tribute 
of all the house of Joseph. 

First Responsory. 
My sins are many, &c., (p. 224.) 

Second Lesson. 

A ND it came to pass at that time, 
"^^ when Jeroboam went out of 
Jerusalem, that the Prophet Ahijah the 
Shilonite found him in the way ; and 
he had clad himself in a new garment ; 
and they two were alone in the field. 
And Ahijah caught the new garment 
that was on him, and rent it in twelve 
pieces, and said unto Jeroboam : Take 
thee ten pieces. For thus saith the 
LORD, the God of Israel -Behold, I 
will rend the kingdom out of the hand 
of Solomon, and will give ten tribes to 
thee. 

Second Responsory. 

O Lord, Thou hast hearkened, c., 

(p. 224.) 

Third Lesson. ( 40. ) 

C OLOMON sought therefore to kill 
Jeroboam ; but he arose and fled 
into Egypt, unto Shishak, King of 
Egypt ; and was in Egypt until the 
death of Solomon. And the rest of 
the words of Solomon, and all that he 
did, and his wisdom, behold, they are 
all of them written in the Book of the 
Acts of Solomon. And the time that 
Solomon reigned in Jerusalem over all 
Israel was forty years. And Solomon 
slept with his fathers, and was buried 
in the city of David his father. And 
Rehoboam his son reigned in his stead. 

Third Responsory. 

Hearken, O LORD, unto the cry, 
&c., (p. 225.) 



EIGHTH WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 



309 



Fifth Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Third 
Book of Kings (xii. I.) 

A ND Rehoboam went to Shechem. 
^^ For all Israel were come to 
Shechem, to make him king. And it 
came to pass, \vhen Jeroboam the son 
of Nebat, who was yet in Egypt, where 
he was fled from the presence of King 
Solomon, had heard of his death, that 
he came back again out of Egypt ; for 
they had sent and told him. And 
Jeroboam and all the congregation of 
Israel came, and spake unto Reho 
boam, saying : Thy father made our 
yoke grievous ; now therefore make 
thou the grievous service of thy father, 
and his heavy yoke which he put upon 
us, lighter, and we will serve thee. And 
he said unto them : Depart yet for 
three days, and then come again to 
me. 

First Responsory. 

Prepare your hearts, &c., (p. 221.) 

Second Lesson. 

AND the people departed ; and King 
"^^ Rehoboam consulted with the old 
men that stood before Solomon his 
father, while he yet lived ; and said : 
How do ye advise that I may answer 
this people ? And they spake unto 
him, saying : If thou wilt be a servant 
unto this people this day, and wilt 
serve them, and wilt yield to their peti 
tion, and wilt speak good words to 
them, then they will be thy servants 
for ever. But he forsook the counsel 
of the old men, which they had given 



him, and consulted with the young 
men that were grown up with him, 
and stood before him. 

Second Responsory. 
God Which heareth all, &c., (p. 

222.) 

Third Lesson . (13.) 

A ND the King answered the people 
roughly, and forsook the old 
men s counsel that they gave him, and 
spake to them after the counsel of the 
young men, saying : My father made 
your yoke heavy, and I will add to 
your yoke ; my father also chastised 
you w-ith whips, but I wall chastise you 
with scorpions. Wherefore the King 
hearkened not unto the people ; for 
the LORD had turned him aside, that 
He might perform His saying, which 
the LORD spake by Ahijah the Shilon- 
ite unto Jeroboam the son of Nebat. 
So when the people saw that the King 
hearkened not unto them, they answered 
him, saying" : What portion have we in 
David ? or what inheritance in the son 
of Jesse ? l 

Third Responsory. 
The LORD That delivered me, c., 

(P. 222.) 



Sixth Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Third 
Book of Kings (xiv. 5.) 

A ND the LORD said unto Ahijah : 
^^ Behold, the wife of Jeroboam 
cometh to ask a thing of thee for her 



1 After this all the tribes except Judah and Benjamin revolted, forming a new state called 
" Israel," as opposed to Judah ; and taking for their king Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who 
made them to sin by setting up schismatical places of worship at Dan and Bethel, in opposi 
tion to the Temple at Jerusalem. 

VOL. III. L 



3io 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



son, for he is sick ; thus and thus shalt 
thou say unto her. When therefore 
she came in, she feigned herself to be 
another woman, but Ahijah heard the 
sound of her feet, as she came in at 
the door, and said : Come in, thou 
wife of Jeroboam why feignest thou 
thyself to be another ? For I am sent 
to thee with heavy tidings. 

First Respojtsory. 
Saul hath slain, c., (p. 223.) 

Second Lesson. 

f*O, tell Jeroboam: Thus saith the 
^- J LORD God of Israel : Forasmuch 
as I exalted thee from among the 
people, and made thee Prince over My 
people Israel, and rent the kingdom 
away from the house of David, and 
gave it to thee ; and yet thou hast not 
been as My servant David, who kept 
My commandments, and who followed 
Me with all his heart, to do that only 
which was right in Mine eyes but 
hast done evil above all that were 
before thee, for thou hast gone and 
made thee other gods, and molten 
images, 1 to provoke Me to anger, and 
hast cast Me behind thy back 

Second Responsory. 

Ye mountains of Gilboa, &c., (p. 

223.) 



Third Lesson. 

""THEREFORE, behold, I will bring 
evil upon the house of Jeroboam, 
and will cut off from Jeroboam him 
that pisseth against the wall, and him 
that is shut up, and left, in Israel and 
will take away the remnant of the house 
of Jeroboam, as a man wipeth away 
dung till it be all gone. 2 Him that 
dieth of Jeroboam in the city shall the 
dogs eat ; and him that dieth in the 
field shall the fowls of the air eat ; for 
the LORD hath spoken it. Arise thou, 
therefore, get thee to thine own house, 
and when thy feet enter into the city, 
the child shall die. 

Third Respo?isory. 
Thus saith the LORD, &c., (p. 223.) 



The Sabbath. 
MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Third 
Book of Kings (xviii. 2i. 3 ) 

AND Elijah came unto all the 
^^ people, and said : How long 
halt ye between two opinions ? If 
the LORD be God, follow Him but 
if Baal, then follow him. And the 



1 These were the figures of calves which Jeroboam had set up in his two sanctuaries, and 
before which himself, and other persons devoid of real Priest s orders, took upon themselves 
to officiate. The calves may, like the well-known idol at Horeb, have been meant to represent 
the Supreme Being, but were absolutely in defiance of His law (Deut. iv. 15-18.) The horror 
of Jeroboam s offence, even as compared to Solomon s, perhaps was that Solomon had set up 
his idol temples for his wives, but Jeroboam had deliberately substituted, for his own use, and 
that of his subjects, another form of worship for that which God had commanded. 

2 Sicut mundari solet fjmus usque ad purum. " Mingens ad parietem " intelligences est, 
secundum Gesenii sententiam, " puer masculus contemptibilis," secundum alios, "canis." 

3 If the reader now desires to follow the Church Lessons intelligently he must read the 
history as given in the Bible for himself. To give sense, however, to the Lessons of this 
Saturday, it is enough to remember that Ahab, King of Israel, "did evil in the sight of the 
LORD above all that were before him." "As if it had been a light thing for him to walk in 
the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, he took to wife Jezebel the daughter of Ethbaal, King 
of the Sidonians, and went and served Baal, and worshipped him." (See Note, p. 252.) "And 
he reared up an Altar for Baal in the house of Baal which he had built in Samaria. And Ahab 
made a grove " (this probably means an image of Ashtoreth), " and Ahab did more to provoke 



NINTH WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 



311 



people answered him not a word. 
Then said Elijah unto the people : 
I, even I only, remain a Prophet of 
the LORD but Baal s Prophets are 
four hundred and fifty men. 

First Responsory. 
My sins are many, &c., (p. 224.) 

Second Lesson. 

T ET them therefore give us two bull 
ocks, and let them choose one 
bullock for themselves, and cut it in 
pieces, and lay it on wood, and put no 
fire under : and I will dress the other 
bullock, and lay it on wood, and put 
no fire under. Call ye on the name 
of your gods, and I will call on the 
name of the LORD. And the God 
that answereth by fire, let him be God. 
And all the people answered and said : 
It is well spoken. 

Second Responsory. 

O LORD, Thou hast hearkened, 
&c., (p. 224.) 

Third Lesson. 

AND Elijah said unto the prophets 
of Baal : Choose you one bullock 
for yourselves, and dress it first, for ye 
are many ; and call on the name of 
your gods but put no fire under. 
And they took the bullock which was 
given them, and they dressed it ; and 



called on the name of Baal from morn 
ing even until noon, saying : O Baal, 
hear us ! But there was no voice nor 
any that answered ; and they leapt 
about the altar which they had made. 
And it came to pass at noon that 
Elijah mocked them, and said : Cry 
aloud. 1 

Third Responsory. 
Hearken, O LORD, c., (p. 225.) 

VESPERS. 

A7itiphon at the Song of the Blessed 
Virgin. When the LORD took up 
Elijah * by a whirlwind into heaven, 
Elisha cried : My father ! the chariot 
of Israel and the horsemen thereof! 

Prayer from the succeeding Lauds. 



Ittntfj Suntrnj! after 

The Ninth Lord"*s Day after Pentecost. 

MATTINS. 
FIRST NOCTURN. 

First Lesson. 

Here beginneth the Fourth Book of 
Kings (i. i.) 



Moab rebelled against Israel 
after the death of Ahab. And 
Ahaziah 2 fell down through a lattice 
in his upper chamber that he had in 



the LORD God of Israel to anger than all the kings of Israel that were before him." The 
Divine anger at these idolatries, and an accompanying brutal persecution of the Monotheists, 
manifested itself in a drought for three years, at the end of which the Prophet Elijah brought 
about a great national gathering of the Israelites on Mount Carmel, at which were present 
himself, Ahab, and the idolatrous priests, 450 of Baal s, and 400 of "the grove s." At this 
point the narrative proceeds as in the text. 

1 This sort of thing went on "until the time of the offering of the evening sacrifice." Elijah 
then prepared his bullock, and called on the name of the Eternal. "Then the fire of the LORD 
fell, and consumed the burnt sacrifice, . . . and when all the people saw it, they fell on their 
faces, and they said : The LORD He is God ! The LORD He is God ! And Elijah said unto 
them : Take the prophets of Baal ; let not one of them escape. And they took them ; and 
Elijah brought them down to the brook Kishon, and slew them there." 

2 Ahab s son and successor. 



3 I2 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



Samaria, and was sick. And he sent 
messengers and said unto them : Go, 
inquire of Baal-zebub, 1 the god of 
Ekron, whether I shall recover of this 
disease. But the Angel of the LORD 
said to Elijah the Tishbite : 2 Arise, go 
up to meet the messengers of the King 
of Samaria, and say unto them : Is it 
not because there is not a God in 
Israel that ye go to inquire of Baal- 
zebub, the god of Ekron ? Now, there 
fore, thus saith the LORD : Thou shall 
not come down from that bed on which 
thou art gone up, but shall surely die. 

First Responsory. 
Prepare your hearts, &c., (p. 221.) 

Second Lesson. 

AND Elijah departed. And the 
*-^ messengers turned back unto 
Ahaziah. And he said unto them : 
Why are ye now lurned back ? And 
ihey said unto him : There came a 
man up to meet us, and said unlo us : 
Go, lurn again unlo ihe King lhal 
senl you : and say unlo him : Thus 
sailh Ihe LORD Is il nol because 
Ihere is not a God in Israel, thai ihou 
sendesl lo inquire of Baal-zebub, Ihe 
god of Ekron ? Therefore ihou shall 
not come down from thai bed on which 
thou art gone up, but shall surely die. 

Second Responsory. 
God, Which hearelh all, &c., (p. 

222.) 

Third Lesson. 

A ND he said unlo them : What ap- 
^^ pearance and raiment had the 
man which came up lo meel you, and 



lold you ihese words ? And Ihey an 
swered him : He was an hairy man, 
and girl wilh a girdle of lealher about 
his loins. And he said : It is Elijah 
the Tishbile. Then he senl unlo him 
a caplain of fifty wilh his fifty. And 
he wenl up lo him, where he sal on 
ihe lop of an hill. And he said unto 
him : Thou man of God, the king hath 
Said Come down. And Elijah an 
swered, and said lo ihe caplain of 
fifty : If I be a man of God, ihen lei 
fire come down from heaven, and con 
sume Ihee and thy fifty. And Ihere 
came down fire from heaven, and con 
sumed him and ihe fifty lhal were 
wilh him. 3 

Third Responsory. 

The LORD Thai delivered me, &c., 
(p. 222.) 

SECOND NOCTURN. 
Fourth Lesson. 

The Lesson is laken from ihe sermons 
of Si Austin, Bishop [of Hippo]. 
( 2 o i st for the Season. ) 

Y) EARLY beloved brethren, in the 
Lessons which are now being 
read to us day by day, I have often 
warned you thai we must not follow 
Ihe deathful letter, lo ihe abandonmenl 
of Ihe quickening spirit For it is 
thus that the Aposlle sailh: "The 
letter killeth, but the spiril givelh life." 
(2 Cor. iii. 6.) If we will understand 
only the plain meaning of ihe letter, 
we shall gel little or no edificalion 
from our readings in ihe Divine Scrip- 
lures. All Ihose things whereof we 
hear were types and images of ihings 



1 That is "the Lord of flies" or " Baal of the flies." In Matth. xii. 24 he is called "the 
Prince of the devils." 

2 That is, of Tishbah, a town of Priests in the tribe of Gad. 

3 This happened once again, but God allowed Elijah to go with a third company to Ahaziah 
to whom he repeated his message. "So he died, according to the word of the LORD," and 
was succeeded by his brother Jehoram. 



NINTH WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 



313 



to come ; and those things which grace ? [Because she can go on, and 

were foreshadowed in the history of say : ] " Sprinkle me with hyssop, 

the Jews are, by the gift of God, and I shall be clean ; wash me, and I 

fulfilled in us. shall be whiter than snow," (v. 9.) 



Fourth Responsory. 
Saul hath slain, &c., (p. 223.) 



Sixth Responsory. 
Thus saith the LORD, &c., (/. 223.) 



Fifth Lesson. 

HTHE Blessed Elias was a type of 
the Lord our Saviour. Just as 
Elias was rejected by the Jews, so 
was the true Elias, even our Lord, 
rejected and despised by the same 
Jews. Elias went away out of his 
own country, and Christ hath left the 
synagogue Elias went into the desert, 
and Christ hath come into the world. 
Elias, when he was in the desert, 
was fed by ravens, 1 and Christ in 
the desert of this world is comforted 
by the faith of the Gentiles. 

Fifth Responsory. 

Ye mountains of Gilboa, &c., 
(P. 223.) 

Sixth Lesson. 

T^OR the ravens which, at the com- 
mand of the Lord, ministered 
unto Elias, were a type of the flock 
of Gentiles. Wherefore also it is said 
for the Gentile Church : " I am black, 
but comely O daughters of Jeru 
salem !" (Cant. i. 4.) Why is the 
Church black but comely ? She is 
black by nature, but comely by grace. 
Why is she black by nature ? [Be 
cause she must needs own : ] " Be 
hold, I was shapen in iniquity, and 
in sin did my mother conceive me." 
(Ps. 1. 7.) Why is she comely by 



THIRD NOCTURN. 

Seventh Responsory. 
My sins are many, &c., (p. 224. 

Eighth Responsory. 
One seraph cried, &c., (p. 218.) 



Second Day. 

MATTINS. 
First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Fourth 
Book of Kings (ii. 5.) 

AND the sons of the Prophets that 
^^ were at Jericho came to Elisha, 2 
and said unto him : Knowest thou 
that the LORD will take away thy 
master from thee to-day ? And he 
answered : Yea, I know it hold ye 
your peace. And Elijah said unto 
him : Tarry here ; for the LORD hath 
sent me to Jordan. And he said : 
As the LORD liveth, and as thy soul 
liveth, I will not leave thee. And 
they two went on ; and fifty men of 
the sons of the Prophets went, and 
stood to view afar off; and they two 
stood by Jordan. 



1 At the beginning of the drought " the word of the LORD came unto him, (Elijah) saying : 

Get thee hence, and turn thee eastward, and hide thyself by the brook Cherith I have 

commanded the ravens to feed thee there. So he went and the ravens brought him 

bread and flesh in the morning, and bread and flesh in the evening." (3 Kings xvii. 2-6.) 

- Elijah s servant and disciple. 



314 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



First Responsory. 

Remember, O Lord, Thy covenant, 
&c., (/. 268.) 



Second Lesson. 

AND Elijah took his mantle, and 
^^ wrapped it together, and smote 
the waters, and they were divided 
hither and thither, so that they two 
went over on dry ground. And when 
they were gone over, Elijah said unto 
Elisha : Ask what I shall do for thee, 
before I be taken away from thee. 
And Elisha said : I pray that a double 
portion of thy spirit be upon me. 
And he said : Thou hast asked an 
hard thing ; nevertheless, if thou see 
me when I am taken from thee, it 
shall be so unto thee, as thou hast 
asked but if thou see not, it shall 
not be so. 



Second Responsory. 

O Lord, Thou hast hearkened, &c., 

(p. 224.) 

Third Lesson. 

A ND as they still went on and 
*^^ talked, behold, a chariot of fire, 
and horses of fire, parted them twain 
asunder, and Elijah went up by a 
whirlwind into heaven. And Elisha 
saw it ; and he cried : My father ! 
the chariot of Israel and the horses 
thereof! And he saw him no more. 
And he took hold of his own clothes, 
and rent them in two pieces. And 
he took up the mantle of Elijah, that 
fell from him ; and went back, and 
stood by the bank of Jordan. 



Third Responsory. 
Hearken, O LORD, &c., (^.225.) 



Third Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Fourth 
Book of Kings (iii. 6.) 

AND King Jehoram l went out of 
Samaria at that time, and num 
bered all Israel. And he sent to 
Jehoshaphat the King of Judah, say 
ing : The King of Moab hath rebelled 
against me ; come thou with me 
against him to battle. And he said : 
I will go up ; he that is mine is thine 
my people are thy people, and my 
horses thy horses. And he said : 
Which way shall we go up ? And he 
answered : The way through the wil 
derness of Edom. So the King of 
Israel went, and the King of Judah, 
and the King of Edom ; and they 
fetched a compass of seven days 
journey. And there was no water for 
the host, and for the cattle that followed 
them. 

First Responsory. 

Lord, when Thy people, &c., (p. 
269.) 

Second Lesson. 

AND the King of Israel said : Alas ! 
^^ that the LORD hath called us 
three kings together, to deliver us into 
the hand of Moab ! But Jehoshaphat 
said : Is there not here a Prophet of 
the LORD, that we may betake us 
unto the LORD by him ? And one of 
the King of Israel s servants answered 
and said : Here is Elisha, the son of 
Shaphat ; which poured water on the 
hands of Elijah. And Jehoshaphat 
said : The Word of the LORD is with 
him. So the King of Israel, and 
Jehoshaphat King of Judah, and the 



1 Ahab s son, and Ahaziah s brother and successor. 



NINTH WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 



315 



King of Edom, went down to him. 
And Elisha said unto the King of 
Israel : What have I to do with thee ? 
Get thee to the prophets of thy father 
and to the prophets of thy mother. 

Second Respcmsory. 
And it came to pass, &c., (p. 270.) 

Third Lesson. 

A ND the King of Israel said unto 
^^ him : [Nay ; but] wherefore hath 
the LORD called these three kings 
together, to deliver them into the hand 
of Moab ? And Elisha said unto him : 
As the LORD of hosts liveth, before 
Whom I stand, surely were it not that 
I regard the presence of Jehoshaphat, 
the King of Judah, I would not look 
toward thee, nor see thee. But now 
bring me a minstrel. And it came to 
pass, when the minstrel played, that 
the hand of the LORD came upon him, 
and he said : Thus saith the LORD 
Make this valley full of ditches. For 
thus saith the LORD Ye shall not 
see wind, neither shall ye see rain ; 
yet that valley shall be filled with 
water ; and ye shall drink, both ye, 
and your people, and your cattle. 
And this is but a light thing in the 
sight of the LORD ; moreover, He will 
deliver Moab also into your hand. 

Third Responsory. 
Thus saith the LORD, &c., (p. 223.) 



Fourth Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Fourth 
Book of Kings (iv. I.) 



"^T OW there cried a certain woman 
of the wives of the Prophets 
unto Elisha, saying : Thy servant my 
husband is dead ; and thou knowest 
that thy servant did fear the LORD 
and, behold, the creditor is come to 
take unto him my two sons to be 
bondmen. And Elisha said unto her : 
What shall I do for thee ? Tell me ; 
what hast thou in thine house ? And 
she said : Thine handmaid hath not 
anything in the house, save a little 
oil, to anoint withal. And he said : 
Go ; borrow thee vessels abroad of all 
thy neighbours, even empty vessels, 
and that not a few. And when thou 
art come in thou shalt shut the door 
upon thee and upon thy sons, and 
shalt pour out into all those vessels ; 
and thou shalt set aside that which is 
full. 

First Responsory. 

My sins are many, &c., (p. 224.) 

Second Lesson. 

CO the woman went, and shut the 
^ door upon her and upon her 
sons ; who brought the vessels to her, 
and she poured out. And it came to 
pass, when the vessels were full, that 
she said unto her son : Bring me yet 
a vessel. And he said unto her : I 
have no more. And the oil stayed. 
Then she came and told the man of 
God. And he said : Go, sell the oil, 
and pay thy creditor ; and live thou 
and thy children of the rest. 

And it fell on a day, that Elisha 
passed by Shunem. And there was 
a great woman there ; and she con 
strained him to eat bread. And, as 
he oftentimes passed by there, he 
turned in thither to eat bread. And 
she said unto her husband : [Behold 
now,] I perceive that this is an holy 
man of God, which passeth by us 
continually. Let us make for him a 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



little chamber, and let us set for him 
there a bed, and a table, and a stool, 
and a candlestick ; and when he com- 
eth to us, he shall turn in thither. 



Second Responsory. 

O Lord, Thou hast hearkened, &c., 
(p. 224.) 

Third Lesson. 

A ND it fell on a day that he came 
thither, and he turned into the 
chamber, and lay there. And he said 
to Gehazi his servant : Call this Shu- 
nammite. And when he had called 
her, she stood before him. And he 
said unto his servant : Say unto her 
Behold, thou hast been careful for us 
with all this care ; what wouldest thou 
that I should do for thee ? Hast thou 
any matter, wherein thou wouldest that 
I should speak for thee to the king, 
or to the captain of the host ? And 
she answered : I dwell among mine 
own people. And he said : What will 
she, then, that I should do for her ? 
And Gehazi said : Ask her not ; verily, 
she hath no child, and her husband 
is old. And he commanded to call 
her. And when he had called her, 
she stood in the door ; and he said 
unto her : At this time, and in this 
same hour, thou shalt embrace a son 
if thou be alive. And she said : Nay, 
my lord, I pray thee nay, thou man 
of God ! do not lie unto thine hand 
maid. And the woman conceived, 
and bare a son at that season that 
Elisha had said unto her, and in that 
same hour. 



Third Responsory. 
Hearken, O LORD, &c., (p. 225.) 



Fifth Day. 
MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Fourth 
Book of Kings (vi. 24.) 

T3EN-HADAD, King of Syria, ga- 
thered all his host, and went up 
and besieged Samaria. And there was 
a great famine in Samaria ; and it was 
besieged until an ass s head was sold 
for fourscore pieces of silver, and the 
fourth part of a kab 1 of dove s dung 
for five pieces of silver. And as the 
King of Israel was passing by upon 
the wall, there cried a woman unto 
him, saying : Help ! my lord O 
King ! And he said : The LORD 
helpeth thee not whence can I help 
thee ? out of the barn-floor ? or out of 
the wine-press ? 

First Responsory. 
Prepare your hearts, &c., (p. 221.) 

Second Lesson. 

AND the King said unto her : What 
aileth thee ? And she answered: 
This woman said unto me, Give thy 
son, that we may eat him to-day, and 
we will eat my son to-morrow. So we 
boiled my son, and did eat him. And 
I said unto her on the next day, Give 
thy son, that we may eat him and 
she hath hid her son. And when the 
King heard it, he rent his clothes, and 
passed by upon the wall. And all the 
people saw that he was clad with sack 
cloth within upon his flesh. Then 
the King said : God do so, and more 
also, to me, if the head of Elisha the 
son of Shaphat shall stand on him 



1 A measure of about two pints. It is not quite certain that a sort of vegetable pottage is 
not meant by the name in the text. 



NINTH WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 



317 



this day. But Elisha sat in his house ; 
and the elders sat with him. 



Second Responsory. 
God, Which heareth, &c., (p. 222.) 



Third Lesson. 



N 



OW [the King] sent a man before 
him, but ere the messenger 
came to him, [Elisha] said to the 
elders : Know ye how that this son of 
a murderer hath sent to take away 
mine head ? Look, therefore, when 
the messenger cometh ; shut the door, 
and prevent him from entering ; for, 
behold, the sound of his master s feet 
is behind him. And while he yet 
talked with them, behold, the messen 
ger appeared that came down unto 
him ; and he said : Behold, this great 
evil is of the LORD why should I 
wait on the LORD any longer? (vii.) 
Then Elisha said : Hear ye the word 
of the LORD ; Thus saith the LORD 
To-morrow, about this time, shall a 
measure of fine flour be sold for a 
shekel, and two measures of barley 
for a shekel, in the gate of Samaria. 

Third Responsory. 
The LORD That delivered me, &c., 

(P. 222.) 



Sixth Day. 
MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Fourth 
Book of Kings (viii. i.) 



thine household, and sojourn whereso 
ever thou canst sojourn ; for the LORD 
hath called for a famine, and it shall 
come upon the land seven years. And 
the woman arose, and did after the 
saying of the man of God. And she 
went, with her household, and so 
journed in the land of the Philistines 
seven years. And at the seven years 
end, the woman returned out of the 
land of the Philistines ; and she went 
forth to cry unto the King for her 
house, and for her land. 

First Responsory. 
Saul hath slain, &c., (p. 223.) 

Second Lesson. 

/A ND the King talked with Gehazi, 
the servant of the man of God, 
saying : Tell me all the great things 
that Elisha hath done. And as he 
was telling the King how he had re 
stored a dead body to life, behold 
the woman, whose son he had restored 
to life, cried to the King for her house 
and for her land. And Gehazi said : 
My lord, O King ! this is the woman, 
and this is her son, whom Elisha re 
stored to life. And when the King 
asked the woman, she told him. So 
the King appointed unto her an officer, 
saying : Restore all that was hers, and 
all the fruits of the field, since the day 
that she left the land, even until now. 

Second Responsory. 

Ye mountains of Gilboa, &c., (p. 
223.) 

Third Lesson. 



HEN spake Elisha unto the woman AND Elisha came to Damascus; 



whose son he had restored to 
life, 1 saying : Arise, and go, thou and 



and Ben - hadad, the King of 
Syria, was sick ; and they told him, 



1 The same as mentioned in the Second and Third Lessons on Wednesday. The whole his 
tory is in ch. fv. 17-37. 

VOL. III. L 2 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



saying : The man of God is come 
hither. And the King said unto 
Hazael : Take a present in thine 
hand, and go, meet the man of God, 
and inquire of the LORD by him, say 
ing- Shall I recover of this disease ? 
So Hazael went to meet him, and 
stood before him, and said : Thy son 
Ben-hadad, King of Syria, hath sent 
me to thee, saying : Shall I recover of 
this disease ? And Elisha said unto 
him : Go, say unto him : Thou shalt 
recover. Howbeit, the LORD hath 
showed me that he shall surely die. 1 

Third Responsory. 
Thus saith the LORD, &c., (p. 223.) 



The Sabbath. 
MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Fourth 
Book of Kings (ix. i.) 

AND Elisha the Prophet called one 
* of the sons of the Prophets, and 
said unto him : Gird up thy loins, and 
take this vessel of oil in thine hand, 
and go to Ramoth-Gilead. And when 
thou comest thither, look out there 
Jehu, the son of Jehoshaphat, the son 
of Nimshi, and go in, and make him 
arise up from among his brethren, and 
carry him to an inner chamber. Then 
take the vessel of oil, and pour it on 
his head, and say : Thus saith the 
LORD I have anointed thee king 
over Israel ! Then open the door, 
and flee, and tarry not. So the young 
man, the servant of the Prophet, went 



to Ramoth-Gilead, and came thither. 
And, behold, the captains of the host 
were sitting. And he said : I have an 
errand to thee, O captain ! And Jehu 
said : Unto which of all us ? And he 
said : To thee, O captain ! 

First Responsory. 
My sins are many, &c., (p. 224.) 

Second Lesson. 

AND he arose, and went into the 
inner chamber : and he poured 
the oil on his head, and said unto him : 
Thus saith the LORD God of Israel I 
have anointed thee king over the people 
of the LORD, even over Israel ; and 
thou shalt smite the house of Ahab 
thy master, that I may avenge the 
blood of My servants the Prophets, 
and the blood of all the servants of 
the LORD, at the hand of Jezebel. 
And the whole house of Ahab will I 
destroy. And I will cut off from Ahab 
every man child, and him that is shut 
up, and him that is left at large, in 
Israel. And I will make the house 
of Ahab like the house of Jeroboam 
the son of Nebat, and like the house 
of Baasha the son of Ahijah. 2 And 
the dogs shall eat Jezebel in the field 
of Jezreel, and there shall be none to 
bury her. And he opened the door, 
and fled. 

Seco7id Responsory, 

O Lord, Thou hast hearkened, &c., 

(P. 224.) 

Third Lesson. 

T HEN Jehu came forth to the serv 
ants of his lord, and they said 
unto him : Is all well ? wherefore came 



1 That is, of something else and, in fact, he did recover, but Hazael murdered him the 
next day. 

2 This Baasha had conspired against Nadab the son of Jeroboam, and killed him, and exter 
minated the family of Jeroboam. But the like was done to his own son and successor, and to 
his whole family, by his own officer Zi mri. See 3 (i) Kings xv. 25-30. 



TENTH WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 



319 



this mad fellow to thee ? And he said 
unto them : Ye know the man, and his 
communication. 1 And they said : It 
is false ; tell us now. And he said : 
Thus and thus s.pake he to me, say 
ing, Thus saith the LORD : I have 
anointed thee king over Israel. Then 
they hasted, and took every man his 
garment, and put them under his feet, 
after the manner of a king s seat, and 
blew with trumpets, saying : Jehu is 
King! 

Third Responsory. 

Hearken, O LORD, &c., (p. 225.) 

VESPERS. 

Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed 
Virgin. Jehoash did that which was 
right in the sight of the LORD * all his 
days wherein Jehoiada the Priest in 
structed him. 

Prayer from the succeeding Lauds. 



Centfj Suntiag after Pentecost. 

The Tenth Lord^s Day after Pentecost. 

MATTINS. 
FIRST NOCTURN. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Fourth 
Book of Kings (ix. 29.) 

T N the eleventh year of Jehoram the 

son of Ahab began Ahaziah to 

reign over Judah, and Jehu came to 



Jezreel. And when Jezebel heard of 
his coming, she painted her eyes with 
antimony, 2 and tired her head, and 
looked out at a window, as Jehu en 
tered in at the gate, and said : Had 
Zimri peace, who slew his master ? 3 
And Jehu lifted up his face to the win 
dow, and said : Who is this woman ? 
And two or three eunuchs made obeis 
ance unto him. And he said unto 
them : Throw her down ! So they 
threw her down. And some of her 
blood was sprinkled on the wall, and 
the horses trampled her. And when 
he was come in to eat and drink, he 
said : Go, see now this cursed woman, 
and bury her, for she is a king s 
daughter. 

First Responsory. 
Prepare your hearts, &c., (p. 221.) 



Second Lesson. 



A ; 



ND when they went to bury her, 
they found no more of her than 
the skull, and the feet, and the palms 
of her hands. And they came again, 
and told him. And Jehu said : This 
is the word of the LORD, which He 
spake by His servant Elijah the Tish- 
bite, saying In the field of Jezreel 
shall dogs eat the flesh of Jezebel ; 
and the carcase of Jezebel shall be as 
dung upon the face of the ground in 
the field of Jezreel, so that they that 
pass by shall say : Yea, and is this 
indeed that Jezebel ? 4 (x.) And Ahab 
had seventy sons in Samaria. And 



1 He seems to have thought it was a practical joke planned by his comrades. 

2 Lit. sea-weed. 

3 Jehu had just met Jehoram outside the town and shot him in his chariot. The historical 
allusion is to the history of Zimri, an officer in the service of Elah, King of Israel, whom he 
murdered, and reigned instead of, for a week, at the end of which the city was taken by Omri, 
a candidate set up by the army. "And when Zimri saw that the city was taken, he went into 
the palace of the King s house, and burnt the King s house over him with fire, and died." See 
3 Kings xvi. 8-20. 

4 Ahab and Jezebel had procured by false witness the judicial murder of one Naboth, that 
they might confiscate his land, and make a garden of his vineyard. When they went down to 
see their new property, Elijah met them there, and denounced upon them the Divine anger, 
uttering the prophecy quoted in the text. See 3 (i) Kings xxi. 



3 20 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



Jehu wrote a letter, and sent it to 
Samaria, unto the rulers of the city, 
to the elders, and to them that 
brought up Ahab s children, saying : 
Now, as soon as this letter cometh 
to you, seeing your master s sons are 
with you, and there are with you 
chariots, and horses, and fenced cities, 
and arms, look even out the best of 
your master s sons, even him that best 
pleaseth you, and set him on his 
father s throne ; and fight for your 
master s house. 

Second Responsory. 
God, Which heareth, &c., (p. 222.) 

Third Lesson. 

HP HEY were exceedingly afraid, and 
said : Behold, two kings l stood 
not before him ; how then shall we 
stand ? And they that were over the 
house, and they that were over the 
city, the elders also, and the bringers- 
up of the children, sent to Jehu, say 
ing : We are thy servants, and will 
do all that thou shalt bid us ; we will 
not make us any king ; do thou that 
which is good in thine eyes. Then 
he wrote a letter the second time 
to them, saying : If ye be mine, and 
will to obey me, take ye the heads of 
the men your master s sons, and come 
to me to Jezreel by to-morrow this 
time. Now, the King s sons, being 
seventy persons, were with the great 
men of the city, which brought them 
up. And when the letter came to 
them, they took the King s sons, and 
slew the seventy men, and put their 
heads in baskets, and sent him them 
to Jezreel. 

Third Responsory. 

The LORD That delivered me, &c., 
(p. 222.) 



SECOND NOCTURN. 

Fotirth Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Sermons 
of St John Chrysostom, Patriarch 
[of Constantinople.] (J-foni. 25 on 
the Epistle to the Romans.} 

T ET us not dream that we are our 
selves to be held less guilty, 
when we find that we have not been 
alone in sin. On the contrary, such 
fellowship addeth to our punishment. 
The serpent was more heavily pun 
ished than Eve, and Eve than Adam, 
and Jezebel suffered more than Ahab, 
who took the vineyard of Naboth. 
She it had been that planned the 
whole matter, and opened the way 
for her husband s crime. Even so 
thou also, who shalt have caused 
another s perdition, shalt suffer more 
grievously than shall they, whom thou 
hast ruined. Since, for a man to com 
mit sin himself is less wicked than to 
lead others into sin. 

Fourth Responsory. 
Saul hath slain, &c., (p. 223.) 

Fifth Lesson. 

T F, therefore, we should see others 
sinning, let us not only not help 
them, but let us do what in us lieth 
to draw them out of the bottom 
less pit of destruction, lest we should 
suffer as accomplices in their trespass. 
Let our memory never forget that 
right awful judgment-seat, the river 
of fire, the chains that can never be 
unlocked, the darkness that cannot 
be pierced, the sound of teeth gnash 
ing, the deadly worm. But thou 
sayest : God is good. Are then all 
these things but idle words ? Is there 



1 Viz., Jehoram, King of Israel, and Ahaziah, King of Judah, who was with Jehoram when 
he was killed, and was himself mortally wounded. 



TENTH WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 



321 



no punishment for the rich man which 
giveth no heed to Lazarus ? (Luke 
xvi. 20-26.) Doth the bridegroom 
open to the foolish virgins the door 
of the marriage -chamber? (Matth. 
xxv. i- 1 2.) They that have denied 
to Christ the necessaries of life, are 
they not to depart from Him into 
everlasting fire, prepared for the devil 
and his angels ? (Matth. xxv. 41-46.) 
The man that cometh in to the 
marriage -supper, not having a wed 
ding garment, shall he, or shall he 
not, be bound hand and foot, and 
taken away, and cast into outer dark 
ness ? (Matth. xxii. 11-13.) The 
servant that hath no compassion on 
his fellow -servant, which oweth him 
an hundred pence, shall he, or shall 
he not, be delivered to the tormentors ? 
(Matth. xviii. 23-35.) It is said, con 
cerning such as commit adultery, that 
their worm dieth not and their fire is 
not quenched? (Mark ix. 44.) Is 
that not true ? 

Fifth Responsory. 

Ye mountains of Gilboa, &c., 
(p. 223.) 

Sixth Lesson. 

T3UT these are perhaps only threats 
on God s part ? No doubt, 
quoth thou. I ask thee : How darest 
thou say such a thing out loud, and 
deliver this judgment from thine own 
imagining ? For sooth, I can prove 
to thee, from the things which God 
hath done, that thou art wrong. If 
thou wilt not believe for things to 
come, at least believe for things past. 
Of them at least it cannot be said that 
they are nought but threats and mere 
words, for they have happened, and 
actually been realised in fact. Who 
was He which brought in a great 



flood, until the whole land was stand 
ing water, and our whole race per 
ished, save eight persons ? Who was 
He which rained upon Sodom brim 
stone and fire out of heaven ? (Gen. 
xix. 24.) Who was He which over 
threw all the host of Egypt in the 
Red Sea? (Ex. xiv. 27.) Who was 
He which sent out a fire and con 
sumed them that were of the faction 
of Abiram ? (Num. xvi. 35.) Who 
was He which sent a pestilence upon 
Israel, because David had sinned, and, 
from the morning even to the time 
appointed, there died of the people 
seventy thousand men? (2 Kings 
xxiv.) Was it not God, and none 
other, Which brought upon them all 
these things, and more also. 

Sixth Responsory. 
Thus saith the LORD, &c. (p. 223.) 

THIRD NOCTURN. 

Seventh Responsory. 
My sins are many, &c., (p. 224.) 

Eighth Responsory. 
One seraph cried, &c., (p. 218.) 



Second Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Fourth 
Book of Kings (xi. i.) 

A ND when Athaliah, 1 the mother of 
7^ Ahaziah, saw that her son was 
dead, she arose, and destroyed all 



1 Daughter of Ahab and Jezebel, wife of Jehoram, King of Judah, sister of the King of 
Israel of the same name, and mother of Ahaziah, King of Judah, who was killed by Jehu 
at Jezreel, along with his uncle Jehoram. 



3 22 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



Second Responsory. 

O Lord, Thou hast hearkened, &c., 

(P. 224.) 



Third Lesson. ( 9 . ) 



A 1 



the seed royal. But Jehosheba, the 
daughter of King Jehoram, sister of 
Ahaziah, took Joash, the son of 
Ahaziah, and stole him out of the 
chamber from among the King s sons 
which were slain, and his nurse with 
him, and hid him from Athaliah, so 
that he was not slain. And he was 
with her, hid, in the house of the 
LORD, six years. And Athaliah did 
reign over the land. 

first Responsory. 

Remember, O Lord, Thy covenant, 

&c., (p. 268.) 

Second Lesson. 

A ND in the seventh year Jehoiada 
sent, 1 and fetched the rulers 
over hundreds, and the men of war, 
and brought them to him into the 
house of the LORD, and made a cov 
enant with them, and took an oath of 
them in the house of the LORD, and 
showed them the King s son, and com 
manded them, saying : This is the 
thing that ye shall do ; a third part 
of you shall enter in on the Sabbath, 
and shall even be keepers of the 
watch of the King s house ; and a 
third part shall be at the gate of Sur ; 
and a third 2 part at the gate behind 
the dwelling of the keepers of the 
shields ; 3 so shall ye keep the watch 
of the house of Massakh. 4 And the 
two parts of you that go forth on the 
Sabbath, they shall keep the watch of 
the house of the LORD round about 
the King. 5 

1 The High Priest. 

2 Supposed by some ancient commentators to be the eastern gate, but Jonathan ben Uzziel 
calls it " the gate of the heroes." 

3 These were three hundred brazen shields made by Jehoram, in place of as many of gold 
presented by Solomon to the Temple, and which were carried by their keepers before the 
sovereign when he attended public worship in state. 3 Kings xiv. 26-28. The Royal entrance, 
where they were kept, was on the western side of the Temple. 

4 Perhaps a proper name. Jonathan ben Uzziel, however, "from being in any way 
neglected." 

5 Viz., at the gates of the Temple, as opposed to those within, close about the King s 
lodging. 



ND they took every man his men, 
that were to come in on the 
Sabbath, and came to Jehoiada the 
Priest. And he gave unto them King 
David s spears and shields, that were 
in the house of the LORD. And they 
stood, every man with his weapons in 
his hand, from the right side of the 
Temple to the left side of the altar 
and the Holy House, round about the 
King. And he brought forth the 
King s son, and put upon him the 
crown and the testimony ; and they 
made him king, and anointed him ; 
and they clapped their hands and 
said : God save the King ! 

Third Responsory. 
Hearken, O LORD, &c., (/. 225.) 



Third Day. 
MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Fourth 
Book of Kings (xii. i.) 

T N the seventh year of Jehu, Joash 

began to reign ; and forty years 

reigned he in Jerusalem. And his 



TENTH WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 



323 



mother s name was Zibiah, of Beer- 
sheba. And Joash did that which 
was right in the sight of the LORD, 
all his days wherein Jehoiada the 
Priest instructed him. Nevertheless, 
he took not away the high places ; for 
the people still sacrificed and burnt 
incense on the high places. 



First Responsory. 

Lord, when Thy people, &c., (/. 
269.) 

Second Lesson. 

AND Joash said to the Priests : All 
^^ the [redemption]-money of the 
dedicated things that is brought into 
the house of the LORD by every one 
that passeth, the money that one 
offereth for the redemption of his own 
soul, 1 and the money that any man 
out of his own heart and free - will 
bringeth into the temple of the LORD, 
let the Priests collect in the order of 
their course, and let them repair the 
breaches of the house, whereinsoever 
anything be found that hath need 
to be repaired. 

Second Responsory. 
And it came to pass, &c., (p. 270.) 

Third Lesson. 

T3UT it was so that unto the three- 
and-twentieth year of King Joash 
the Priests had not repaired the 
breaches of the Temple. Then King 
Joash called for Jehoiada the High 
Priest, and for the Priests, and said 
unto them : Why repair ye not the 



breaches of the Temple ? Now, there 
fore, receive no more money in the 
order of your courses, but deliver it 
for the repairing of the Temple. So 
the Priests were forbidden to receive 
any more money of the people, or to 
repair the Temple. 2 

Third Responsory. 
Thus saith the LORD, &c., (p. 223.) 



Fourth Day. 

MATTINS. 
First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Fourth 
Book of Kings (xiii. 14.) 



N 



OW Elisha was fallen sick of his 
sickness whereof he died. And 
Joash, 3 the King of Israel, came down 
unto him, and wept over his face, and 
said : O my father ! my father ! the 
chariot of Israel and the horsemen 
thereof ! And Elisha said unto him : 
Take bow and arrows. And he took 
unto him bow and arrows. And he 
said to the King of Israel : Put thine 
hand upon the bow. And he put his 
hand upon it ; and Elisha put his 
hands upon the King s hands, and 
said : Open the window eastward. 
And he opened it ; and Elisha said : 
Shoot. And he shot. And Elisha 
said : The arrow of the LORD S 
deliverance, and the arrow of deliver 
ance from Syria, for thou shalt smite 
Syria in Aphek, till thou have con 
sumed it. 



1 In Lev. xxvii. there are regulations for assessing the value of different things, from men 
downward, which have been vowed and are to be redeemed. 

2 A collecting box, with a hole in the lid, was put near the altar, and the money put tl :re ; 
and finally the restorations were effected. 

s To be carefully distinguished from the contemporary King of Judah of the same name. 



324 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



First Responsory. 
My sins are many, &c., (p. 224.) 

Second Lesson. 

ANE) he said : Take the arrows. 
And he took them ; and he said 
unto him again : Smite the weapons 
upon the ground. And he smote 
thrice and stayed ; and the man of 
God was wroth with him, and said : 
If thou hadst smitten five times, or six 
times, or seven times, then hadst thou 
smitten Syria till thou hadst consumed 
it whereas, now, thou shalt smite 
Syria but thrice. And Elisha died, 
and they buried him. And the bands 
of robbers from Moab invaded the land 
the same year. 

Second Responsory. 

O Lord, Thou hast hearkened, &c., 

(P. 224.) 

Third Lesson. 

AND it came to pass, as they were 
burying a man, that they spied 
the robbers, and they cast the dead 
body into the sepulchre of Elisha. 
And when it touched the bones of 
Elisha, the man revived, and stood up 
on his feet. (24.) And Hazael, King 
of Syria, died ; and Ben-hadad his son 
reigned in his stead. And Joash, the 
son of Jehoahaz, took again out of the 
hand of Ben-hadad, the son of Hazael, 
the cities which he had taken out of 
the hand of Jehoahaz his father by 
war. Three times did Joash beat him, 
and recovered the cities of Israel. 



Third Responsory. 

Hearken, O LORD, unto the cry, 
&c., (p. 225.) 



Fifth Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Fourth 
Book of Kings (xvii. 6.) 

A ND in the ninth year of Hoshea, 1 
the King of Assyria took Samaria, 
and carried Israel away into Assyria, 
and placed them in Halah, and in 
Habor, by the river of Gozan, in the 
cities of the Medes. For so it was, 
that the children of Israel had sinned 
against the LORD their God, Which 
had brought them up out of the land 
of Egypt, from under the hand of 
Pharaoh, King of Egypt, and had 
worshipped other gods, and walked in 
the ways of the heathen, whom the 
LORD had destroyed before the children 
of Israel, and the kings of Israel, be 
cause they did such things. And the 
children of Israel provoked the LORD 
their God with froward words, and 
built them high places in all their 
cities. 

First Responsory. 
Prepare your hearts, (p. 221.) 



Second Lesson. (13.) 



A 1 



ND the LORD testified against 
Israel, and against Judah, by 
all the Prophets, and by all the Seers, 
saying : Turn ye from your evil ways, 
and keep My commandments and My 
statutes, according to all the law which 
I commanded your fathers, and which 
I sent to you by My servants the Pro 
phets. Notwithstanding, they would 
not hear, but hardened their necks, 
like to the neck of their fathers, that 
willed not to obey the LORD their 



1 The last King of Israel. 



TENTH WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 



325 



God. And they rejected His statutes, 
and His covenant that He made with 
their fathers, and His testimonies 
which He testified against them ; 
and they followed vanities, and did 
foolishly. 

Second Responsory. 
God, Which heareth all, &c., (p. 

222.) 

Third Lesson. (18.) 

"THEREFORE the LORD was very 
angry with Israel, and removed 
them out of His sight, and there was 
none left but the tribe of Judah only. 
But neither did Juclah keep the com 
mandments of the LORD their God ; 
but walked in the sins of Israel which 
they committed. And the LORD re 
jected all the seed of Israel, and 
afrlicted them, and delivered them 
into the hand of the spoilers until 
He put them away from before His 
face, from the time that Israel was 
rent away from the house of David, 
and that they made Jeroboam, the 
son of Nebat, king. 

Third Responsory. 
The LORD That delivered me, &c., 

(P. 222.) 



Sixth Day. 
MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Fourth 
Book of Kings (xvii. 21.) 

T EROBOAM drave Israel from fol- 
J lowing the LORD, and made them 
sin a great sin. For the children of 
Israel walked in all the sins of Jero 



boam which he did ; they departed 
not from them, until the LORD re 
moved Israel out of His sight, as He 
had said by all His servants the 
Prophets. So was Israel carried away 
out of their own land to Assyria, unto 
this day. 

First Responsory. 
Saul hath slain, &c., (p. 223.) 



Second Lesson. 

AND the King of Assyria brought 
^^ men from Babylon, and from 
Cuthah, and from Avah, and from 
Hamath, and from Sepharvaim, and 
placed them in the cities of Samaria 
instead of the children of Israel. And 
they possessed Samaria, and dwelt in 
the cities thereof. And so it was, 
at the beginning of their dwelling 
there, that they feared not the LORD. 
Therefore the LORD sent lions among 
them, which slew some of them. 

Second Responsory. 

Ye mountains of Gilboa, &c., (p. 

223.) 

Third Lesson. 

V^HEREFORE they sent unto the 
King of Assyria, and said : The 
nations which thou hast removed, and 
placed in the cities of Samaria, know 
not the manner of the god of the 
land ; therefore [the Lord l ] hath sent 
lions among them, and, behold, they 
slay them, because they know not 
the manner of the god of the land. 
Then the King of Assyria commanded, 
saying : Carry thither one of the 
Priests whom ye brought from thence ; 
and let him go and dwell with them, 
and let him teach them the manner 
of the god of the land. 



1 Not in the Hebrew. 



326 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



Third Responsory. 
Thus saith the LORD, &c, (p. 223.) 



The Sabbath. 
MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Fourth 
Book of Kings (xviii. i.) 

T N the third year of Hoshea, son of 
Elah, King of Israel, Hezekiah, 
the son of Ahaz, King of Judah, be 
gan to reign. Twenty and five years 
old was he when he began to reign, 
and he reigned twenty and nine years 
in Jerusalem. His mother s name 
was Abi, the daughter of Zachariah. 
And he did that which was right in 
the sight of the LORD, according to 
all that David his father did. He 
removed the high places, and brake 
the images, and cut down the groves, 
and brake in pieces the brazen serpent 
that Moses had made, for unto those 
days the children of Israel did burn 
incense to it ; and he called it Ne- 
hushtan. 1 He trusted in the LORD 
God of Israel. 



First Responsory. 
My sins are many, &c., (p. 224.) 



did wisely in all things, whatsoever he 
undertook. And he rebelled against 
the King of Assyria, and served him 
not. He smote the Philistines, even 
unto Gaza, and all their borders, from 
the tower of the watchmen to the 
fenced city. 

Second Responsory. 

O Lord, Thou hast hearkened, &c., 
(P. 224.) 

Third Lesson. 

T N the fourth year of King Hezekiah, 
which was the seventh year of 
Hoshea, son of Elah, King of Israel, 
Shalmaneser King of Assyria came up 
against Samaria, and besieged it, and 
took it. For at the end of three years, 
even in the sixth year of Hezekiah, 
that is, the ninth year of Hoshea, 
King of Israel, Samaria was taken. 
And the King of Assyria did carry 
away Israel into Assyria, and put them 
in Halah and in Habor by the river 
of Gozan, in the cities of the Medes 
because they obeyed not the voice 
of the LORD their God, but trans 
gressed His covenant : all that Moses, 
the servant of the LORD commanded, 
they would not hear them nor do 
them. 

Third Responsory. 
Hearken, O LORD, &c., (p. 225.) 



Second Lesson. 

OO that after him there was none 
like him among all the kings of 
Judah ; nor any that were before him ; 
for he clave to the LORD, and de 
parted not from following Him, and 
kept His commandments, which the 
LORD commanded Moses. Therefore 
the LORD also was with him, and he 

1 " A piece of brass." 



VESPERS. 

Antiphon at the So?ig of the Blessed 
Virgin. 2 I beseech Thee, O LORD, 
* remember now how I have walked 
before Thee in truth and with a per 
fect heart, and have done that which 
is good in Thy sight. 

Prayer from the succeeding Lauds. 



ELEVENTH WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 



327 



Suntrag after 



The Eleventh Lord s Day after 
Pentecost. 

MATTINS. 
FIRST NOCTURN. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Fourth 
Book of Kings (xx. i.) 

T N those days was Hezekiah sick 
unto death, and the Prophet 
Isaiah, the son of Amoz, came to him, 
and said unto him : Thus saith the 
LORD Set thine house in order, for 
thou shalt die and not live. Then he 
turned his face to the wall, and prayed 
unto the LORD, saying : I beseech 
Thee, O LORD, remember now how I 
have walked before Thee in truth and 
with a perfect heart, and have done 
that which is good in Thy sight. And 
Hezekiah wept sore. 

First Responsory. 
Prepare your hearts, &c., (p. 221.) 

Second Lesson. 

AND afore Isaiah was gone out into 
^~^ the middle court, the word of 
the LORD came to him saying : Turn 
again, and tell Hezekiah, the Captain 
of My people : Thus saith the LORD, 
the God of David thy father I 
have heard thy prayer ; I have seen 
thy tears ; and, behold, I have healed 
thee : on the third day thou shalt go 
up into the house of the LORD. And 
I will add unto thy days fifteen years ; 
and I will deliver thee and this city 
out of the hand of the king of Assyria ; 
and I will defend this city for Mine 
own sake, and for My servant David s 
sake. And Isaiah said : Take a lump 



of figs. And they took and laid it 
on the boil and he recovered. 

Second Responsory. 

God, Which heareth all, &c., 
(p. 222.) 

Third Lesson. 

AND Hezekiah said unto Isaiah : 
^^ What shall be the sign that the 
LORD will heal me, and that I shall 
go up into the house of the LORD 
the third day ? And Isaiah said : 
This sign shalt thou have of the LORD, 
that the LORD will do the thing that 
He hath spoken Wilt thou that the 
shadow shall go forward ten degrees, 
or go back ten degrees ? And Heze 
kiah answered : It is a light thing for 
the shadow to go down ten degrees : 
nay, but let the shadow return back 
ward ten degrees. And Isaiah the 
Prophet cried unto the LORD : and 
He brought the shadow ten degrees 
backward, by which it had gone down 
in the dial of Ahaz. 

77iird Responsory. 

The LORD That delivered me, &c, 
(P- 222 -) 

SECOND NOCTURN. 

Fourth Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Exposi 
tion of the Prophet Isaiah written 
by St Jerome, Priest [at Bethlehem.] 
(Bk. ii. on Is. xxxviii.) 

T EST the heart of Hezekiah should 
T-* be puffed up by his strange and 
unlocked for triumphs, and by his 
victory when he was but a prisoner, 
he was visited by bodily weakness, 
and told that he was to die ; that he 
might betake himself to the Lord, and 



328 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



turn Him from carrying out the 
sentence. We read of a like case in 
the history of the Prophet Jonah 
(ii. 4, 10.) And in regard to the 
threatening made against David (2 
Kings (Sam.) xxiv. 16) when punish 
ments were foretold which were not 
brought to pass. This is not because 
that God is a Being capable of chang 
ing His mind, but because He willeth 
to mankind to know Him, how that 
" He [is gracious and merciful, slow 
to anger, and of great kindness, and] 
repenteth Him of the evil." (Joel ii. 
13.) Hezekiah turned his face unto 
the wall, not being able to go up to 
the Temple. This may either mean 
that he turned towards the wall of 
the Temple, hard by which Solomon 
had built a palace, or simply, that he 
turned his face to the wall, so as not 
to parade his tears before his attend 
ants. 

Fourth Responsory. 
Saul hath slain, &c., (p. 223.) 

Fifth Lesson. 

TTAVING been told that he was 
about to die, he prayed not for 
life and many years, but left it to God 
to do as in His good judgment He 
was pleased to will. He knew how 
this had pleased God on the part of 
Solomon. (3 (i) Kings iii. n.) So, 
when he betook him to the Lord, he 
only made mention of his works, how 
he had walked before Him in truth, 
and with a perfect heart. Happy is 
he whose conscience in the hour of 
affliction can assure him of good 
works. Yea, "blessed are the pure 
in heart, for they shall see God " 
(Matth. v. 8.) It is indeed written 
in another place : " Who can say, I 
have made my heart clean, I am pure 
from my sin?" (Prov. xx. 9.) How 
then could Hezekiah say that he had 



walked with a perfect heart ? But the 
answer is, that by this is meant that 
he had destroyed the idols, opened 
the doors of the Temple, broken in 
pieces the brazen serpent, and done 
the rest of the things whereof the 
Scripture maketh mention. 

Fifth Responsory. 

Ye mountains of Gilboa, &c., 

(P. 223.) 

Sixth Lesson. 

" A ND Hezekiah wept sore." He 
^^ had then no children, and it 
seemed as though the promise which 
God had made unto David, [that 
"his seed should endure for ever, and 
his throne as the sun before" Him, 
(Ps. Ixxxviii. 29,)] was about to fail 
in his own death. It is written that 
" Manasseh was twelve years old 
when he began to reign," (xxi. i) 
whence it is evident that Hezekiah 
begat him not till after three years 
of his new lease of life. Sore there 
fore wept he, when all hope was torn 
from him that the Messiah should 
spring from his seed. Others again 
remark that he wept sore, since death 
terrineth sometimes even the saints, 
since they know not what sentence is 
about to be pronounced upon them, 
and what place shall be allotted them 
in the inscrutable judgment. 

Sixth Responsory. 
Thus saith the LORD, &c., (p. 223.) 

THIRD NOCTURN. 

Seventh Responsory. 

My sins are many, &c., (p. 224.) 

Eighth Responsory. 
One seraph cried, &c., (p. 218.) 



ELEVENTH WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 



329 



Second Day, 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Fourth 
Book of Kings (xxii. i.) 

JOS I AH was eight years old when 
he began to reign, and he reigned 
thirty and one years in Jerusalem. 
His mother s name was Jedidah, the 
daughter of Odaiah of Boscath. And 
he did that which was right in the 
sight of the LORD, and walked in all 
the way of David his father, and 
turned not aside to the right hand or 
to the left. And in the eighteenth 
year of Josiah the king sent Shaphan, 
the son of Azaliah, the son of Meshul- 
lam, the Scribe, to the house of the 
LORD, saying : Go up to Hilkiah the 
High Priest, that he may sum the 
silver which is brought into the house 
of the LORD, which the doorkeepers 
of the temple have gathered of the 
people, and let them deliver it into 
the hand of the doers of the work, 
that have the oversight of the house 
of the LORD, and let them give it to 
the doers of the work which is in the 
house of the LORD. 



First Responsory. 

Remember, O Lord, Thy covenant, 
&c., (p. 268.) 



Second Lesson, ( 8 . ) 

AND Hilkiah the Priest said unto 
^^ Shaphan the Scribe : I have 
found a book of the Law in the house 
of the LORD. And Hilkiah gave the 
book to Shaphan, and he read it. 
And Shaphan the Scribe came to the 
King, and brought the King word 
again and said : Thy servants have 



gathered the money that was found 
in the house of the Lord, and have 
delivered it into the hand of them 
that do the work, that have the over 
sight of the house of the LORD. And 
Shaphan the Scribe told the King, 
saying : Hilkiah the Priest hath de 
livered me a book. 

Second Responsory, 

O Lord, Thou hast hearkened, &c., 

(p. 224.) 

Third Lesson, 

A ND Shaphan read it before the 
King. And when the King had 
heard the words of the book of the 
Law of the Lord, he rent his clothes. 
And the King commanded Hilkiah 
the Priest, and Ahikam, the son of 
Micha, and Shaphan the Scribe, and 
Asahiah, a servant of the King s, say 
ing : Go ye, enquire of the LORD for 
me, and for the people, and for all 
Judah, concerning the words of this 
book that is found : for great is the 
wrath of the LORD, that is kindled 
against us, because our fathers have 
not hearkened unto the words of this 
book, to do according to all that which 
is written concerning us. 

Third Responsory. 
Hearken, O LORD, &c., (p. 225.) 



Third Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Fourth 
Book of Kings (xxiii. 2.) 

AND the King went up into the 
^^ house of the LORD, and all the 
men of Judah, and all the inhabitants 



330 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



of Jerusalem with him, and the Priests 
and the Prophets, and all the people, 
both small and great ; and he read in 
their ears all the words of the book of 
the covenant, which was found in the 
house of the LORD. And the King 
stood on the platform, 1 and made a 
covenant before the LORD, to walk 
after the LORD, and to keep His com 
mandments, and His testimonies, and 
His statutes, with all their heart, and 
with all their soul, to perform the 
words of this covenant, that were 
written in this book. And all the 
people stood to the covenant. 



First Responsory. 

Lord, when Thy people, &c., (p. 
269.) 

Second Lesson. 

A ND the King commanded Hilkiah 
" the High Priest, and the Priests 
of the second order, and the keepers 
of the door, to bring forth out of the 
temple of the LORD all the vessels 
that had been made for Baal, and for 
the "Grove," and for all the host of 
heaven. And he burnt them without 
Jerusalem, in the valley of Kidron, 
and carried the ashes of them unto 
Bethel. And he put down the idol 
atrous priests whom the kings of 
Judah had ordained to offer in the 
high places in the cities of Judah, and 
in the places round about Jerusalem ; 
them also that burnt incense unto 
Baal, to the sun, and to the moon, and 
to the twelve signs [of the Zodiac], 2 
and to all the host of heaven. 



Second Responsory. 
And it came to pass, &c., (p. 270.) 



Third Lesson. 

A ND he brought out the "Grove" 
^^^ from the house of the LORD, 
without Jerusalem, into the vale of 
Kidron, and burnt it there, and 
stamped it small to powder, and cast 
the powder thereof upon the graves 
of the common people. And he brake 
down the houses of the unsexed 
wretches, 3 that were in the house of 
the LORD, for whom women wove 
tents, like the tents of the " Grove." 
And he brought all the priests out 
of the cities of Judah, and defiled the 
high places where the priests had 
offered, from Gibeah unto Beersheba. 

Third Responsory. 
Thus saith the LORD, &c., (p. 223.) 



Fourth Day. 

MATTINS. 
First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Fourth 
Book of Kings (xxiii. 24.) 

A/TOREOVER, the workers with 
familiar spirits, and the wizards, 
and the images of the idols, and the 
unclean things, and the abominations 
that were in Judah and in Jerusalem, 
did Josiah put away, that he might 
set up the words of the Law, which 
were written in the book that Hilkiah 
the Priest found in the house of the 
LORD. Like unto him was there no 
king before him, that turned to the 
LORD with all his heart, and with all 
his soul, and with all his might, ac 
cording to all the Law of Moses ; 
neither after him arose there any like 



1 Apparently the structure for the King s use mentioned in 2 Par. (Chron.) vi. 13. 

2 Hebrew, "the inns," viz. the temporary resting-places of the sun during the course of the 
year. 3 Effeminati, 



ELEVENTH WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 



331 



him. Notwithstanding, the LORD 
turned not from the fierceness of His 
great wrath, wherewith His anger was 
kindled against Judah, because of all 
the provocations that Manasseh l had 
provoked Him withal. 

First Responsory. 
My sins are many, &c., (p. 224.) 

Second Lesson. 

A ND the LORD said : I will remove 
Judah also out of My sight, as 
I have removed Israel, and will cast 
off this city Jerusalem, which I have 
chosen, and the house of which I 
said : My Name shall be there. Now 
the rest of the acts of Josiah, and all 
that he did, are they not written in 
the book of the Chronicles of the 
kings of Judah ? In his days 
Pharaoh - Nechoh, King of Egypt, 
went up against the King of Assyria 
to the River Euphrates, and King 
Josiah went against him ; and he slew 
him at Megiddo, when he had seen 
him. And his servants carried him 
dead from Megiddo, and brought him 
to Jerusalem, and buried him in his 
own sepulchre. 

Second Responsory. 

O Lord, Thou hast hearkened, &c., 

(p. 224.) 

Third Lesson. 

A ND the people of the land took 
Jehoahaz, the son of Josiah, and 
anointed him, and made him king in 
his father s stead. Jehoahaz was 
twenty and three years old when he 
began to reign ; and he reigned three 
months in Jerusalem. His mother s 
name was Hamutal, the daughter of 



Jeremiah of Libnah. And he did that 
which was evil in the sight of the 
LORD, according to all that his fathers 
had done. And Pharaoh-Nechoh put 
him in bands at Riblah, in the land 
of Hamath, that he might not reign 
in Jerusalem, and put the land to a 
tribute of an hundred talents of silver 
and a talent of gold. And Pharaoh- 
Nechoh made Eliakim, the son of 
Josiah, king, in the room of Josiah 
his father, and turned his name to 
Jehoiakim. And he took Jehoahaz 
away, and brought him into Egypt ; 
and he died there. 

Third Respo?isory. 
Hearken, O LORD, &c., (p. 225.) 



Fifth Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Fourth 
Book of Kings (xxiii. 36.) 

JEHOIAKIM was twenty and five 
J years old when he began to 
reign ; and he reigned eleven years 
in Jerusalem. His mother s name 
was Zebudah, the daughter of Pedaiah 
of Rumah. And he did that which 
was evil in the sight of the LORD, 
according to all that his fathers had 
done, (xxiv.) In his days Nebuch 
adnezzar, King of Babylon, came up, 
and Jehoiakim became his servant 
three years ; then he turned and re 
belled against him. 

First Responsory. 
Prepare your hearts, &c., (p. 221.) 



1 This was the son of Hezekiah and grandfather of Josiah. 4 (2) Kings xxi. contains an 
awful-account of his enormities, which transcended those of the worst heathens. 



332 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



Second Lesson. 



AND the LORD sent against him 
bands of rievers of the Chaldees, 
and bands of rievers of the Syrians, 
and bands of rievers of the Moabites, 
and bands of rievers of the children 
of Ammon ; and sent them against 
Judah, to destroy it, according to the 
word of the LORD, which He spake 
by His servants the Prophets. Surely 
at the commandment of the LORD 
came this upon Judah, to remove them 
out of His sight, for the sins of Manas- 
seh, according to all that he did, and 
for the innocent blood that he shed ; 
for he filled Jerusalem with innocent 
blood ; which the LORD would not 
pardon. 

Second Responsory. 
God Which heareth all, &c., (p. 



222. 



Third Lesson. 



NOW the rest of the acts of Jehoia- 
kim, and all that he did, are 
they not written in the book of the 
Chronicles of the kings of Judah? 
So Jehoiakim slept with his fathers ; 
and Jehoiachin his son reigned in his 
stead. And the King of Egypt came 
not again any more out of his land ; 
for the King of Babylon had taken 
from the River of Egypt unto the 
River Euphrates all that pertained to 
the King of Egypt. 

Third Responsory. 

The LORD That delivered me, &c., 
(p. 222.) 



Sixth Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Fourth 
Book of Kings (xxiv. 8.) 



TEHOIACHIN was eighteen years 
J old when he began to reign, and 
he reigned in Jerusalem three months. 
His mother s name was Nehushta, 
the daughter of Elnathan of Jerusa 
lem. And he did that which was evil 
in the sight of the LORD, according to 
all that his father had done. At that 
time the servants of Nebuchadnezzar 
King of Babylon came up against 
Jerusalem, and the city was besieged. 
And Nebuchadnezzar King of Babylon 
came against the city along with his 
servants, to besiege it. 

First Responsory. 
Saul hath slain, &c., (p. 223.) 

Second Lesson. 

A ND Jehoiachin King of Judah 
*** went out to the King of Baby 
lon, he, and his mother, and his 
servants, and his princes, and his 
officers, and his eunuchs ; and the 
King of Babylon took him in the 
eighth year of his reign. And he 
carried out thence all the treasures of 
the house of the LORD, and the treas 
ures of the King s house, and- cut in 
pieces all the vessels of gold which 
Solomon King of Israel had made in 
the temple of the LORD as the LORD 
had said. And he carried away all 
Jerusalem, and all the princes, and all 
the mighty men of valour, even ten 
thousand captives and all the crafts 
men and smiths ; none remained save 
the poorest sort of the people of the 
land. 

Second Responsory. 

Ye mountains of Gilboa, &c., (p. 

223.) 

Third Lesson. 

ND he carried away Jehoiachin to 
Babylon, and the King s mother, 
and his eunuchs ; and the judges of 



ELEVENTH WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 



333 



the land carried he into captivity from 
Jerusalem to Babylon ; and all the 
men of might, even seven thousand, 
and craftsmen and smiths, a thou 
sand ; all that were strong and apt 
for war, even them the King of 
Babylon brought captive to Babylon. 
And he made Mattaniah, his father s 
brother, king, in his stead, and 
changed his name to Zedekiah. 

TJiird Responsory. 
Thus saith the LORD, &c., (p. 223.) 



The Sabbath. 

MATTINS. 
First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Fourth 
Book of Kings (xxiv. 18.) 

VEDEKIAH was twenty and one 
years old when he began to 
reign ; and he reigned eleven years 
in Jerusalem. His mother s name 
was Hamutal, the daughter of Jere 
miah of Libnah. And he did that 
which was evil in the sight of the 
LORD, according to all that Jehoiakim 
had done. For the LORD was pro 
voked against Jerusalem and Judah, 
until He cast them out from His pre 
sence. And Zedekiah rebelled against 
the King of Babylon, (xxv.) And it 
came to pass in the ninth year of his 
reign, in the tenth month, in the 
tenth day of the month, that Nebuch 
adnezzar King of Babylon came, he 
and all his host, against Jerusalem, 
and pitched against it, and built forts 
against it round about. And the city 
was shut up and trenched round about 
unto the eleventh year of King Zede 
kiah, on the ninth day of the month ; 
and the famine prevailed in the city, 
and there was no bread for the people 
of the land. 



First Responsory. 
My sins are many, &c., (p. 224.) 

Second Lesson. 

AND the city was broken up, and 
all the men of war fled by 
night, by the way of the gate between 
two walls, which is by the King s 
garden. (And the Chaldees still be 
set the city round about.) So the 
King fled by the way which leadeth 
toward the plains of the desert. And 
the army of the Chaldees pursued 
after the King, and overtook him in 
the plains of Jericho ; and all the men 
of war that were with him were scat 
tered, and left him. So they took the 
King, and brought him up to the 
King of Babylon to Riblah, and he 
gave judgment upon him. And he 
slew the sons of Zedekiah before his 
eyes, and put out his eyes, and bound 
him with fetters, and carried him to 
Babylon. 

Second Responsory. 

O Lord, Thou hast hearkened, &c., 
(P. 224.) 

Third Lesso?i. 

T N the fifth month, on the seventh 
day of the month, (which is the 
nineteenth year of the King of Baby 
lon,) came Nebuzar-adan, captain of 
the host, a servant of the King of 
Babylon, unto Jerusalem. And he 
burnt the house of the LORD, and the 
King s house, and the houses of Jeru 
salem ; even all the houses burnt he 
with fire. And all the army of the 
Chaldees, that were with the captain 
of the host, brake down the walls of 
Jerusalem round about. And the 
rest of the people that had been left 
in the city, and the fugitives that had 
fallen away to the King of Babylon, 



334 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



with the remnant of the multitude, 
did Nebuzar-adan, the captain of the 
host, carry away. But of the poor of 
the land left he to be vine-dressers 
and husbandmen. And the pillars 
of brass that were in the house of the 
LORD, and the bases, and the brazen 
sea that was in the house of the 
LORD, did the Chaldees break in 
pieces, and carried all the brass of 
them to Babylon. 

Third Responsory. 
Hearken, O LORD, &c., (p. 225.) 

Prayer at Vespers from the succeed 
ing Lauds. 



On the Sunday nearest to the \st 
day of August, whether it be before or 
after that day, is begun the Book of 
Proverbs, and at the Song of the 
Blessed Virgin on the preceding even 
ing is said the Antiphon, "Wisdom 
hath builded, c." 

As regards Responsories, see the 
Pye, chapter xxvii., section 7. 



AUGUST. 
First Week. 

Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed 
Virgin on the preceding Saturday 
evening. * Wisdom hath builded her 
house, * she hath hewn out her seven 
pillars ; she hath broken the nations 
under her ; in the greatness of her 
strength she hath trodden under her 
feet the necks of such as be haughty 
and proud. 

1 Prov. ix. i ; Ecclus. xxiv. n. 



Jirst Suntiag of August. 

The First Lord s Day of August. 

MATTINS. 
FIRST NOCTURN. 

First Lesson. 
Here begin the Proverbs of Solomon 



"~PHE Proverbs of Solomon, the son 
of David, King of Israel, to 
know wisdom and instruction ; to 
perceive the words of understanding ; 
to receive the instruction of wisdom, 
justice, and judgment, and equity ; 
to give subtilty to the simple ; to the 
young man, knowledge and discretion. 
A wise man will hear, and will in 
crease his wisdom ; and a man of 
understanding shall know how to 
rule. He will consider a proverb, 
and the interpretation ; the words of 
the wise, and their dark sayings. 

First Responsory. 

2 God [possessed me] in the begin 
ning, before He made the earth, be 
fore He created the depths, before 
He caused the fountains of water to 
spring. Before the mountains were 
settled, before there were any hills, 
did the Lord beget me. 

Verse. When He prepared the 
heavens, I was there with Him, order 
ing all things. 

Answer. Before the mountains 
were settled, before there were any 
hills, did the Lord beget me. 

Second Lesson. 

"THE fear of the LORD is the be- 
ginning of wisdom. Fools de 
spise wisdom and instruction. My son, 
hear the instruction of thy father, and 

2 viii. 22, et seq. 



FIRST WEEK OF AUGUST. 



335 



forsake not the law of thy mother ; 
for they shall be an ornament of grace 
unto thine head, and a collar 1 about 
thy neck. My son, if sinners entice 
thee, consent thou not to them. If 
they say : Come with us, let us lay 
wait for blood, let us spread a net 
without a cause for him that is inno 
cent, let us swallow him up alive like 
the grave, and whole, as those that 
go down into the pit. We shall find 
all precious substance, we shall fill 
our houses with spoil. Cast in thy 
lot among us ; let us all have one 
purse. 

Second Responsory. 

2 1 alone compassed the circuit of 
heaven, and walked on the waves of 
the sea. In every nation and in 
every people, I held the first place. 
In the greatness of my strength have 
I trodden under my feet the necks of 
such as be haughty and proud. 

Verse. I dwell in the highest 
places, and my throne is in a cloudy 
pillar. 

Answer. In the greatness of my 
strength have I trodden under my feet 
the necks of such as be haughty and 
proud. 

Third Lesson. 

JY/TY son, walk not thou in the way 
with them ; refrain thy foot 
from their path. For their feet run 
to evil, and make haste to shed blood. 
Surely, in vain the net is spread in 
the sight of any bird. They also lay 
wait for their own blood, and plot 
against their own lives. So the ways 
of every one that is greedy of gain 
take away the lives of the owners 
thereof. 

Third Responsory. 

3 O send out wisdom from the 
throne of Thy glory, O Lord, to be 



with me, and to labour with me, that 
I may know at all times what is 
pleasing unto Thee. 

Verse. Give me wisdom, O Lord, 
that sitteth by Thy throne. 

Answer. That I may know at all 
times what is pleasing unto Thee. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, and 
to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost. 

Answer. That I may know at all 
times what is pleasing unto Thee. 

SECOND NOCTURN. 
Fourth Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Treatise 
of St Ambrose, Bishop [of Milan,] 
upon the cxviiith Psalm. (Sermon 
v. 6.) 

"THE Prophet saith that " the fear 
of the LORD is the beginning 
of wisdom." And what is the first 
act of wisdom but to renounce the 
world ? since to love the things of 
the world is folly. So indeed saith 
the Apostle: "The wisdom of this 
world is foolishness with God." (i 
Cor. iii. 19.) But the very fear of 
the Lord itself is useless, nay, harm 
ful, if it be not according to know 
ledge. The Jews have a truly fervent 
zeal for God, but since they have 
not knowledge, their very zeal and 
fear do cause them to do things 
contrary to God s will. That they 
circumcise their children, that they 
keep holy the Sabbath-Day, showeth 
how they fear the Lord, but know 
ing not the spiritual meaning of the 
Law, they circumcise the body and 
not the heart. 

Fourth Responsory. 

4 Give me wisdom, O Lord, that 
sitteth by Thy throne, and reject me 
not from among Thy children. For 



1 Torques : a twisted collar, or neck-chain. 
3 Wisd. ix. 10, 4. 



-2 Ecclus. xxiv. 8- 1 1, 7. 
4 Wisd. ix. 5, 10. 



336 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



I am Thy servant and son of Thine 
handmaid. 

Verse. O send her out from the 
throne of Thy glory, to be with me 
and to labour with me. 

Answer. For I am Thy servant 
and son of Thine handmaid. 

Fifth Lesson. 

T)UT wherefore should I speak of 
Jews ? There are those among 
ourselves who have the fear of God, 
but not according to knowledge, and 
set up hard ordinances which the 
weakness of man is not able to bear. 
They fear God in this, that they seem 
to themselves to be looking to dis 
cipline, and to be enforcing the 
practice of godliness, but they lack 
knowledge, in that they feel not for 
the weakness of nature, nor consider 
whether a thing can, or cannot be 
done. Let not then the fear of 
God be unreasonable. True wisdom 
beginneth with the fear of God, 
neither is it spiritual wisdom without 
the fear of God, but neither ought the 
fear of God to be without wisdom. 

Fifth Responsory. 

1 The fear of the LORD is the be 
ginning of wisdom. A good under 
standing have all they that do His 
commandments. His praise endureth 
for ever. 

Verse. Love is the keeping of her 
laws, for all wisdom is the fear of the 
Lord. 

Answer. A good understanding- 
have all they that do His command 
ments. His praise endureth for ever. 



H 



Sixth Lesson. 

OLY fear is the foundation of all 
good instruction. Just as a 
statue is set up upon a pedestal, and 

1 Ps. ex. 10 ; Wisd. vi. 18. 



thereby receiveth both beauty and 
strength, even so doth it become the 
word of God to be set forth based 
upon an holy fear, and it is in the 
heart of him that feareth that it getteth 
the firmest root, even an home where- 
from it droppeth not, neither do the 
fowls of the air come and carry it 
away, as from the heart of him that 
is careless and deceiving. 

Sixth Responsory. 

2 Lord, remove far from me vanity 
and lies. Give me neither poverty nor 
riches, but feed me with food con 
venient for me. 

Verse. Two things have I required 
of Thee ; deny me them not before 
I die. 

Answer. Give me neither poverty 
nor riches, but feed me with food con 
venient for me. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, and 
to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost. 

Answer. Give me neither poverty 
nor riches, but feed me with food con 
venient for me. 

THIRD NOCTURN. 

Seventh Responsory. 

3 O Lord, Father and God of my 
life, leave me not to evil counsels ; 
give me not a proud look, but turn 
away from me an haughty mind, O 
Lord ! Turn away from me con 
cupiscence, and give me not over 
unto an impudent and froward mind, 
O Lord ! 

Verse. Leave me not, O Lord, lest 
mine ignorance increase, and my sins 
abound. 

Answer. And give me not over unto 
an impudent and froward mind, O Lord. 

Eighth Responsory. 
One seraph cried, &c., (p. 218.) 
, 7. 3 Ecclus. xxiii. 4-6, 3. 



FIRST WEEK OF AUGUST. 



337 



Seco7id Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Proverbs 
of Solomon (iii. I.) 

1Y/F Y son, forget not my law, but let 
thine heart keep my command 
ments. For length of days, and long- 
life, and peace, shall they add to thee. 
Let not mercy and truth forsake thee ; 
bind them about thy neck ; write them 
upon the table of thine heart ; so shalt 
thou find favour and good understand 
ing in the sight of God and man. 
Trust in the LORD with all thine 
heart, and lean not upon thine own 
understanding. In all thy ways ac 
knowledge Him, and He shall direct 
thy paths. 

First Responsory. 

1 O Lord, Father and Governor of 
my life, leave me not, lest I fall be 
fore mine adversaries, and mine enemy 
rejoice over me. 

Verse. Take hold of shield and 
buckler, and stand up for mine 
help. 

Answer. Lest mine enemy rejoice 
over me. 

Second Lesson. 

T)E not wise in thine own eyes ; fear 
God, and depart from evil ; it 
shall be health to thy navel, and mar 
row to thy bones. Honour the LORD 
with thy substance, and with the first 
fruits of all thine increase ; so shall 
thy barns be filled with plenty, and 
thy presses shall burst out with 
new Wine. 



Second Responsory. 

2 Great are Thy judgments, O Lord, 
and Thy words cannot be expressed. 
Thou didst make Thy people mighty 
and honourable. 

Verse. Thou broughtest them 
through the Red Sea, and leddest them 
through much water. 

Answer. Thou didst make Thy 
people mighty and honourable. 

Third Lesson. 

1V/T Y son, despise not the chastening 
of the LORD ; neither faint 
when thou art corrected of Him. For 
whom the LORD loveth He chasteneth, 
even as a father the son in whom he 
delighteth. Happy is the man that 
findeth wisdom, and the man that 
getteth understanding ; for the pur 
chasing thereof is better than the 
merchandise of silver, and the gain 
thereof than the finest [and purest 3 ] 
gold. She is more precious than all 
riches, and all the things thou canst 
desire are not to be compared unto 
her. 

Third Responsory. 

4 Lord, Thine eyes behold all that 
is in the heart of man, and in Thy 
book are they all written. 5 Man 
looketh on the outward appearance, 
but God looketh on the heart. 

Verse. 6 For He searcheth all 
hearts, and understandeth all the imag 
inations of the thoughts. 

Answer. Man looketh on the out 
ward appearance, but God looketh on 
the heart. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, and 
to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost. 

Answer. Man looketh on the out 
ward appearance, but God looketh on 
the heart. 



1 Ecclus. xxiii. i, 3 ; Ps. xxxiv. 2. 
4 Cf. Ps. cxxxviii. 16. 



2 Wisd. xvii. i ; x. 18. 
5 i Kings (Sam.) xvi. 7. 



3 Not in the Hebrew text. 
6 i Par. (Chron.) xxviii. 9. 



338 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



Third Day. 
MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Proverbs 
of Solomon (v. I . ) 

IV/TY son, attend unto my wisdom, 
and bow thine ear to my under 
standing : that thou mayest keep my 
counsels, and that thy lips may pre 
serve knowledge. [Give not heed to 
a seductress. 1 ] For the lips of an 
harlot drop as an honey-comb, and 
her mouth is smoother than oil. But 
her end is bitter as wormwood, yea, 
sharp as a two-edged sword. Her 
feet go down to death, and her steps 
take hold on hell. They walk not in 
the path of life ; her ways are move- 
able : thou canst not know them. 

First Responsory. 

2 My son, give me thine heart, and 
let thine eyes observe my ways. For 
they shall be an ornament of grace 
unto thine head. 

Verse. My son, attend unto my 
wisdom, and incline thine ear unto 
my sayings. 

Answer. For they shall be an 
ornament of grace unto thine head. 

Second Lesson. 

IT EAR me now therefore, O my 
son, and depart not from the 
words of my mouth. Remove thy 
way far from her, and come not 
nigh the door of her house ; lest thou 
give thine honour unto others, and 
thy years unto the cruel ; lest strangers 
be rilled with thy strength, and thy 
labours be in the house of a stranger ; 
and thou mourn at the last, when thy 



flesh and thy body are consumed : 
and say : Why have I hated instruction, 
and mine heart despised reproof, and 
have not obeyed the voice of my 
teachers, nor inclined mine ear to 
them that instructed me ? 

Second Responsory. 
The fear of the LORD, &c., (p. 336.) 

Third Lesson . (20.) 

\WHY wilt thou, my son, be ravished 
with a strange woman, and be 
cherished in the bosom of a stranger ? 
The ways of man are before the eyes 
of the LORD, and He considereth all 
his goings. His own iniquities shall 
take the wicked himself, and he shall 
be holden with the cords of his own 
sins. He shall die for want of in 
struction, and go astray in the great 
ness of his folly. 

Third Responsory. 
Lord, remove, &c., (p. 336.) 



Fourth Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the 
verbs of Solomon (viii. i.) 



Pro- 



D 



|OTH not wisdom cry, and under 
standing put forth her voice ? 
She standeth in the top of high places, 
by the way, in the midst of the paths. 
She crieth at the gates, at the entry of 
the city, at the coming in at the doors, 
saying : Unto you, O men, I call, and 
my voice is to the sons of man. O ye 
simple, understand wisdom, and, ye 



1 Not in the. Hebrew text. 



2 xxiii. 26 : i. 9 ; iv. 20. 



FIRST WEEK OF AUGUST. 



339 



fools, be ye of an understanding heart. 
Hear, for I will speak of excellent 
things, and the opening of my lips 
shall be right things. 

First Responsory. 

O Lord, Father and God, &c., (p. 

336.) 

Second Lesson. 

IX/TY mouth shall speak truth, and 
wickedness is an abomination to 
my lips. All the words of my mouth 
are in righteousness ; there is nothing 
froward or perverse in them. They 
are all plain to him that understandeth, 
and right to them that find knowledge. 
Receive my instruction, and not silver ; 
and knowledge, rather than choice 
gold. For wisdom is better than all 
precious stones, and all the thing s 
that may be desired are not to be 
compared to it. 

Second Responsory. 

Great are Thy judgments, c., (p. 
337-) 

Third Lesson. 

T WISDOM, dwell with prudence, 
and find out knowledge of witty 
inventions. The fear of the LORD is 
to hate evil ; pride, and arrogancy, and 
the evil way, and the double mouth, do 
I hate. Counsel is mine, and sound 
wisdom ; understanding is mine ; mine 
is strength. By me kings reign, and 
law -givers decree justice. By me 
princes rule, and the mighty command 
righteousness. I love them that love 
me, and those that seek me early 
shall find me. 

Third Responsory. 

Lord, Thine eyes behold, &c., (p. 

337-) 



Fifth Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Pro 
verbs of Solomon (x. i.) 

A WISE son maketh a glad father, 
^^ but a foolish son is the heaviness 
of his mother. Treasures of wicked 
ness profit nothing, but righteousness 
delivereth from death. The LORD will 
not suffer the soul of the righteous to 
famish, but He casteth away the de 
signs of the wicked. He becometh 
poor that dealeth with a slack hand, 
but the hand of the diligent maketh 
rich. [He that useth lies in conten 
tion, doth but feed the winds, yea, he 
but folio weth birds that fly away. 1 ] 
He that gathereth in summer is a wise 
son, but he that sleepeth in harvest is 
a son that causeth shame. 

First Responsory. 
God [possessed me], &c., (p. 334.) 

Second Lesson. 

HP HE blessing [of the Lord l ] is upon 
the head of the just, but violence 
covereth the mouth of the wicked. 
The memory of the just is blessed, but 
the name of the wicked shall rot. 
The wise in heart will receive com 
mandments, but a prating fool shall 
be beaten. He that walketh uprightly, 
walketh surely, but he that perverteth 
his ways shall be known. He that 
winketh with the eye causeth sorrow ; 
and a prating fool shall be beaten. 

Second Responsory. 
I alone compassed, &c., (p. 335.) 



Not in the present Hebrew. 



340 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



Third Lesson. 

HPHE mouth of a righteous man is a 
^ well of life, but violence covereth 
the mouth of the wicked. Hatred stir- 
reth up strife, but love covereth all 
sins. In the lips of him that hath 
understanding wisdom is found, but a 
rod is for the back for him that is void 
of understanding. Wise men lay up 
knowledge, but the mouth of the 
foolish is near destruction. The rich 
man s wealth is his strong city, but 
the destruction of the poor is their 
poverty. The labour of the righteous 
tendeth to life, but the fruit of the 
wicked to sin. 



Third Responsory. 
O send out wisdom, &c., (p. 335-) 



Sixth Day. 
MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Proverbs 
of Solomon (xiv. i.) 

T^VERY wise woman buildeth her 
-^ house, but the foolish plucketh 
it down with her hands. He that 
walketh in his uprightness, and feareth 
the LORD, is despised of him that is 
perverse in his ways. In the mouth 
of the foolish is a rod of pride, but the 
lips of the wise shall preserve them. 
Where no oxen are, the crib is clean ; 
but where there is much increase, there 
the strength of the ox is seen. A 
faithful witness will not lie, but a false 
witness will utter lies. 



First Responsory. 

9 

Give me wisdom, &c., (p. 335.) 

Second Lesson. 

A SCORNER seeketh wisdom and 
^ findeth it not, but knowledge is 
easy unto him that understandeth. Go 
from the presence of a foolish man, 
when thou seest that he knoweth not 
the lips of knowledge. The wisdom 
of the prudent is to understand his 
way, but the folly of fools is to wander. 
Fools make a mock at sin, but among 
the righteous there is favour. The 
heart knoweth its own bitterness, and 
a stranger doth not meddle with his 
joy. The house of the wicked shall be 
overthrown, but the tabernacle of the 
upright shall flourislf. 

Second Responsory. 
The fear of the LORD, &c., (p. 336.) 



T 



Third Lesson. 

HERE is a way which seemeth 
right unto a man, but the end 
thereof are the ways of death. Even 
in laughter the heart is sorrowful, and 
the end of mirth is heaviness. The 
backslider in heart shall be filled with 
his own ways, and a good man shall 
be happier than he. The simple 
believeth every word, but the prudent 
man looketh well to his going. [A 
tricksome fellow getteth good out of 
nothing ; but the doings of a wise 
servant are prosperous, and his way is 
smooth. 1 ] A wise man feareth, and 
departeth from evil ; but the fool 
plungeth in boldly, and is confident. 

Third Responsory. 

Lord, remove far from me, &c., (p. 
336.) 



Not in the present Hebrew text. 



SECOND WEEK OF AUGUST. 



341 



The Sabbath. 

MATTINS. 
First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Proverbs 
of Solomon (xvi. i.) 

T^HE preparation of the heart is 
man s, but the government of his 
tongue is from the LORD. All the 
ways of a man are clean in his own 
eyes, but the LORD weigheth the 
spirits. Lay open thy works unto the 
LORD, and thy thoughts shall be 
established. The LORD hath made 
all things for Himself, yea, even the 
wicked for the day of evil. Every one 
that is proud in heart is an abomina 
tion to the LORD ; though hand join 
in hand, he shall not be unpunished. 

First Responsory. 

O Lord, Father and God, &c., (p. 
336.) 

Second Lesson. 

[ "TO do righteousness is the begin- 
ning of a good way, and it is 
more acceptable in the sight of God, 
than to offer sacrifices. 1 ] By mercy 
and truth iniquity is purged, and by 
the fear of the LORD men depart from 
evil. When a man s ways please the 
LORD, He maketh even his enemies 
to be at peace with him. Better is a 
little with righteousness, than great 
revenues with iniquity. A man s 
heart deviseth his way ; but the LORD 
directeth his steps. 

Second Responsory. 

Great are Thy judgments, &c., (p. 
3370 



Third Lesson. 

A DIVINE sentence is in the lips 
"^^ of the king ; his mouth trans- 
gresseth not in judgment. A just 
weight and balance are the LORD S ; 
all the weights of the bag are His 
work. It is an abomination to kings 
to commit wickedness, for the throne is 
established by righteousness. Right 
eous lips are the delight of kings, and 
they love him that speaketh right. 
The wrath of a king is as messengers 
of death, but a wise man will pacify it. 
In the light of the king s countenance 
is life, and his favour is as a cloud of 
the latter rain. 

Third Responsory. 

Lord, Thine eyes behold, &c., (p. 

3370 

VESPERS. 

Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed 
Virgin. 2 1 dwell in the highest * 
places, and my throne is in a cloudy 
pillar. 

Prayer from the succeeding Lauds. 



Seconti Suntiag of 

The Second Lor d^s Day of August. 

MATTINS. 
FIRST NOCTURN. 

First Lesson. 

Here beginneth the Book of Ecclesi- 
astes 3 (i. i.) 

HTHE words of the Preacher, the 

son of David, King of Jerusalem. 

Vanity of vanities, saith the Preacher, 



i Not in the present Hebrew. 2 Ecclus. xxiv. 7. 

3 I.e. " Preacher." Hebrew " Koheleth." The work has been generally regarded, both by 
Jews and Christians, as written by Solomon. 

VOL. III. M 



342 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



vanity of vanities ; all is vanity. What 
profit hath a man of all his labour 
which he taketh under the sun ? One 
generation passeth away, and another 
generation cometh ; but the earth 
abideth for ever. The sun also ariseth 
and goeth down, and hasteth to his 
place where he arose ; thence he 
ariseth again, and maketh his round 
by the South, turning again to the 
North. The wind whirleth about 
continually, and returneth again ac 
cording to his circuits. All the rivers 
run into the sea ; yet the sea doth not 
overflow ; unto the place from whence 
the rivers come, thither they return 
to flow again. 

First Responsory. 
God [possessed me], &c., (p. 334.) 

Second Lesson. 

A LL things are full of labour : man 
** cannot utter it. The eye is not 
satisfied with seeing, nor the ear filled 
with hearing. The thing that hath 
been, what is it ? It is even that 
which shall be. That which is done, 
what is it ? It is even that which 
shall be done. There is no new thing 
under the sun, neither anything where 
of it may be said : See, this is new. 
It hath been already, of old time, 
which was before us. There is no 
remembrance of former things, neither 
shall there be any remembrance of 
things that are to come, with those 
that shall come after. 

Second Responsory. 
I alone compassed, &c., (p. 335-) 

Third Lesson. 

T THE Preacher, was king over 

Israel in Jerusalem, and I gave 

my heart to seek and search out by 



wisdom concerning all things that are 
done under heaven. This sore travail 
hath God given to the sons of men, 
to be exercised therewith. I have 
seen all the works that are done under 
the sun, and, behold, all is vanity and 
vexation of spirit ! It is a toil to 
correct the wayward, and the number 
of fools is uncountable. I communed 
with mine own heart, saying : Lo, I 
am come to great estate, and have 
gotten more wisdom than all they that 
have been before me in Jerusalem ; 
yea, my heart had great experience of 
wisdom and knowledge. And I gave 
my heart to know wisdom and learn 
ing, and to know madness and folly. 

Third Respo7isory. 
O send out wisdom, &c., (p. 335-) 

SECOND NOCTURN. 
Fourth Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Sermons 
of St John Chrysostom, Patriarch 
[of Constantinople.] (Sermon 
against concubinage .] 

V\7"HILE Solomon was given up to 
. the lust of the world, he deemed 

the same a great and noble pursuit, 
and expended thereon great labour 
and care. He built magnificent pal 
aces, he heaped up gold in plenty, he 
gathered together choirs of singers, 
and all sorts of servants to minister 
to the luxury of his table and of his 
fare. He sought enjoyment for his 
heart from the charm of gardens and 
of fair bodies. In short, he gave 
himself up to the study of all kinds 
of pleasure and recreation. 

Fourth Responsory. 
Give me wisdom, &c., (p. 335.) 



SECOND WEEK OF AUGUST. 



343 






Fifth Lesson. 

T) UT when he came to himself again, 
and was once more able, as it 
were, out of that dark pit, to look 
upon the light of true wisdom, he 
uttered that saying, so high, so worthy 
of heaven "Vanity of vanities; all 
is vanity." And ye also, if ever ye 
will shake yourselves clear of your 
debasing habit, will utter this cry, and 
an higher cry than this, as ye turn 
from your untimely indulgences. 

Fifth Responsory. 
The fear of the LORD, &c., (p. 336.) 

Sixth Lesson. 

*^pHE ages that had rolled before 
the time of Solomon had not 
left to his own so precious an in 
heritance of wisdom [as those which 
have preceded us have left to us] ; 
the old law did not forbid these in 
dulgences, nor pronounce it folly to 
enjoy other idle luxuries and yet, 
even with matters so, we can see how 
low, how worthless, such things be. 
As for us, we are called to a higher 
life, we ascend to a nobler stand-point, 
and brace ourselves in a manlier 
school and why, but because we are 
bidden to strive for a life like the life 
of the spiritual and bodiless powers ? 

Sixth Responsory. 

Lord, remove far from me, &c., (p. 

336.) 

THIRD NOCTURN. 

Seventh Responsory. 

O Lord, Father, and God, &c., (p. 
336.) 

Eighth Responsory. 
One seraph cried, &c., (p. 218.) 



Second Day. 

MATTINS. 
First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book 
of Ecclesiastes (ii. i.) 

T SAID in mine heart : Let me go 
to now, and revel in my luxury, 
and enjoy pleasure. And I saw that 
this also is vanity. I said of laughter, 
It is mad, and to mirth, Why mock- 
est thou still ? I settled in mine heart 
to keep back my flesh from wine, and 
to turn my soul to wisdom, and to 
give up folly, till I might see what 
was that good for the sons of men, 
which they should do under the sun 
all the days of their life. I made me 
great works, I builded me houses, and 
planted me vineyards. 

First Responsory. 

O Lord, Father and Governor, &c., 

(P- 3370 

Second Lesson. ( 7 . ) 

T GOT me servants and maidens, 
and had many to mine household, 
cattle also, and great flocks of sheep, 
above all that were in Jerusalem be 
fore me. I gathered me also silver 
and gold, and the treasures of kings 
and of provinces ; I gat me men-singers 
and women-singers, and the delights 
of the sons of men, cups and flagons 
for my service, to pour out wine 
withal ; so I increased more in riches 
than all that were before me in Jeru 
salem ; also my wisdom remained with 
me. 

Second Responsory. 

Great are Thy judgments, &c., (p. 
337-) 



344 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



Third Lesson. 

A ND whatsoever mine eyes desired, 
^^ I kept not from them ; I with 
held not mine heart from any joy, 
even from rejoicing in all my labour, 
and this deemed I my wage of all 
my labour. And when I turned and 
looked on all the works that my 
hands had wrought, and on the labour 
whereon I had sweated in vain, I saw 
that all was vanity and vexation of 
spirit ! and that there is nothing- 
lasting under the sun ! 

Third Responsory. 
Lord, Thine eyes, &c., (p. 337.) 



Third Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book of 
Ecclesiastes (iii. i.) 

"PO everything there is a season, 
and a time to every purpose 
under the heaven. A time to be 
born, and a time to die. A time to 
plant, and a time to pluck up that 
which is planted. A time to kill, and 
a time to heal. A time to break 
down, and a time to build up. A 
time to weep, and a time to laugh. 
A time to mourn, and a time to dance. 
A time to cast away stones, and a 
time to gather [stones] together. A 
time to embrace, and a time to refrain 
from embracing. A time to get, and 
a time to lose. A time to keep, and 
a time to cast away. A time to rend, 
and a time to sew. A time to keep 
silence, and a time to speak. A time 
to love, and a time to hate. A time 
of war, and a time of peace. 



First Responsory. 

My son, give me thine heart, &c., 
(P- 338.) 

Second Lesson. 

profit hath a man of that 
wherein he laboureth ? I have 
seen the travail which God hath given 
to the sons of men, to be exercised 
in it. He hath made everything good 
in its time ; also He hath given the 
world over to their wranglings, so that 
no man can find out the work that 
God maketh, from the beginning to 
the end. And I know that there is 
nothing better than for a man to 
rejoice, and to do good in his life. 
For that a man should eat and drink, 
and enjoy the good of all his labour, 
it is the gift of God. 



Second Responsory. 
The fear of the LORD, c., (p. 336.) 



Third Lesson. 

T KNOW that whatsoever GOD do- 
eth, it shall be for ever ; by us 
nothing can be put to it, nor anything 
taken from it ; and God doeth it that 
men should fear before Him. That 
which hath been, is now ; and that 
which is to be, hath already been ; 
and God reneweth that which is past. 
I saw under the sun the place of judg 
ment, that wickedness was there ; and 
the place of justice, that iniquity was 
there. And I said in mine heart : 
God shall judge the righteous and the 
wicked, for there is a time then for 
everything. 



Third Responsory. 
Lord, remove, &c., (p. 33-) 



SECOND WEEK OF AUGUST. 



345 



Fourth Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book of 
Ecclesiastes (iv. i.) 

CO I returned, and considered all 
^ the oppressions that are done 
under the sun, and the tears of the 
innocent, and that they had no com 
forter, nor were able to resist their 
oppressors, but were utterly help 
less. Wherefore I praised the dead 
more than the living ; yea, I judged 
that better is he than both they, 
which hath not yet been, who hath 
not seen the evil work that is done 
under the sun. Again I considered 
all the travail of men, and every 
right work, that for this a man is 
envied of his neighbour, and how 
that is also vanity and useless vexa 
tion of spirit. 

First Responsory. 

O Lord, Father and God, &c., (/. 
336.) 

Second Lesson. 

HP HE fool foldeth his hands together, 
and eateth his own flesh, [say 
ing l ] : Better is an handful, with quiet 
ness, than both the hands full, with 
travail and vexation of spirit. I re 
turned, and I saw another vanity 
under the sun. There is one alone, 
and there is not a second, yea, he 
hath neither child nor brother ; yet is 
there no end to all his labour, neither 
is his eye satisfied with riches, neither 
considereth he, saying : For whom do 



I labour, and bereave my soul of 
good ? This is also vanity, yea, it is 
a sore travail. 

Second Responsory. 

Great are Thy judgments, &c., (p. 
3370 

Third Lesson. 



nrWO are better than one, because 
they have profit from fellow 
ship ; for if the one fall, his fellow 
will lift him up. Woe to him that 
is alone when he falleth, for he 
hath not another to help him up. 
Again, if two sleep together, then 
they have heat one from the other ; 
but how can one be warm alone ? 
And if a man prevail against one, 
yet may he be withstood of twain ; 
a threefold cord is not quickly broken. 
Better is a poor and wise child than 
an old and foolish king, who knoweth 
not how to look to that which will 
come after him. 

Third Responsory. 

Lord, Thine eyes behold, &c., (p. 
3370 



Fifth Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book of 
Ecclesiastes (v. i.) 

T)E not rash with thy mouth, and 
^ let not thine heart be hasty to 
utter anything before God. For God 
is in heaven, and thou upon earth ; 
therefore let thy words be few. 
Dreams come from the multitude of 



i Not in the Hebrew, and opposed to the apparent sense, which contrasts the comfort of 
a little with quiet with the folly of calculations and anxiety. 



346 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



business, and a fool s voice is known 
by multitude of words. When thou 
vowest a vow unto God, defer not to 
pay it, for He is displeased at a broken 
and foolish promise. Pay that which 
thou hast vowed ; better it is that 
thou shouldest not vow, than that thou 
shouldest vow and not pay. 

First Responsory. 
God [possessed me], &c., (p. 334.) 

Second Lesson. 

CUFFER not thy mouth to cause 
thy flesh to sin, neither say thou 
before the angel, It is an error lest 
God be angry at thy voice, and destroy 
the work of thine hands. When there 
is multitude of dreams, there are many 
vanities, and store of words. But fear 
thou God. If thou seest the oppres 
sion of the poor, and violent perverting 
of judgment and justice in a province, 
marvel not at the matter : for he that 
is high hath another higher, and there 
be higher than they, and moreover 
there is the King that reigneth over 
all the land that is subject unto him. 



under the sun ; riches kept for the 
owners thereof, to their hurt. For 
they perish by evil travail ; and he 
begetteth a son, and there is nothing 
in his hand. 



Third Responsory. 
O send out wisdom, &c., (p. 335.) 



Sixth Day. 
MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book 
of Ecclesiastes (vi. i.) 

HPHERE is an evil which I have 
seen under the sun, and it is 
common among men. A man to 
whom God hath given riches, wealth, 
and honour, so that he wanteth noth 
ing to his soul of all that he desireth ; 
yet God giveth him not power to eat 
thereof, but a stranger eateth it. This 
is vanity, and it is a great vexation. 



Second Responsory. 
I alone compassed, &c., (p. 335.) 



First Responsory. 
Give me wisdom, &c., (p. 335.) 



Third Lesson. 

A MISER is not satisfied with 
** silver ; nor he that loveth abun 
dance with increase. This is also 
vanity. When goods increase, they 
are increased that eat them. And 
what good is it to the owners thereof, 
saving the beholding of them with 
their eyes ? The sleep of the labour 
ing man is sweet, whether he eat little 
or much ; but the fulness of the rich 
will not suffer him to sleep. There 
is another sore evil which I have seen 



Second Lesson. 

T F a man beget an hundred children, 
and live many years, so that the 
days of his years be many, and his 
soul be not filled with good, and also 
that he hath no burial, I say that an 
untimely birth is better than he. For 
he cometh in with vanity, and de- 
parteth to darkness, and his name 
passeth away into forgetfulness. He 
hath not seen the sun, nor known the 
difference between good and evil. 
Yea, such an one is better than he, 



SECOND WEEK OF AUGUST. 



347 



though he live a thousand years twice 
told, seeing he hath not tasted en 
joyment. 

Second Responsory. 
The fear of the Lord, &c., (p. 33 6 -) 

Third Lesson. 

T")O not all go to one place? All 
the labour of man is for his 
mouth, and yet the appetite is not 
filled. What hath the wise more 
than the fool ? What hath the poor, 
but to go thither where is life ? Better 
is it to see what thou longest for, 
than to desire thou knowest not what. 
This is also vanity and vexation of 
spirit. 

Third Responsory. 

Lord, remove far from me, c., (p. 
336.) 



Book 



The Sabbath. 
MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the 
of Ecclesiastes (vii. I.) 

AIT HAT need is there for a man 
to seek for things above him, 
seeing that he knoweth not what will 
befall him in his life, nor the number 
of the days of his pilgrimage, nor his 
time, saving that it passeth away like 
a shadow? Or who is there that 
can tell him what shall be after him 
under the sun ? A good name is 
better than precious ointment, and 
the day of death than the day of one s 
birth. It is better to go to the house 
of mourning than to go to the house of 
feasting ; for in the [house of mourn 



ing] is shown the end of all men, and 
the living layeth to heart that which 
will be. 

First Responsory. 

O Lord, Father and God, &c., (p. 
336.) 

Second Lesson. 

ANGER is better than laughter, 
^^ for by the sternness of the coun 
tenance the soul of the transgressor 
is corrected. The heart of the wise 
is in the house of mourning, but the 
heart of fools is in the house of mirth. 
It is better to hear the rebuke of the 
wise, than to be caught by the flattery 
of fools, for as the crackling of thorns 
under the pot, so is the laughter of 
the fool. This also is vanity. Surely 
oppression maketh a wise man mad, 
and destroyeth the strength of his 
heart. Better is the end of a dis 
course than the beginning thereof. 
The patient in spirit is better than 
the proud in spirit. 



Second Responsory. 

Great are Thy judgments, &c., (p. 

3370 

Third Lesson. 

CAY not thou: What is the cause 
^ that the former days were better 
than these ? For thou dost not in 
quire wisely concerning this. Wis 
dom is best along with riches, and 
thereby is there more profit of it 
to them that see the sun. For wis 
dom is a defence, and money is a 
defence. The excellency of know 
ledge and wisdom is this, that they 
give life to him that hath them. Con 
sider the work of God, how that none 
can make him right whom He hath 
despised. 



348 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



Third Respotisory. 

Lord, Thine eyes behold, &c., (p. 

337-) 

VESPERS. 

Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed 
Virgin. * All wisdom is of the Lord 
God, and was with Him from ever 
lasting, yea before time \vas. 

Prayer of the succeeding Sunday. 



irti SuttUag of 



The Third Lord s Day of August. 

If upon this Sunday should be the 
Feast of the Assumption of the Blessed 
Virgin, or of St Joachim, or of St 
Hyacinth, or the Octave - Day of St 
Lawrence, then the Book of Wisdom 
is begun upon either the Feast of St 
Hyacinth or the Octave-Day of St 
Lawrence, and it is read on the Feast 
of St Bernard, and the Feast of Ste. 
Jeanne Frances de Chantal, and upon 
any days of the week which may come 
after the Octave-Day of the Assump 
tion. Upon the day on which the 
Book of Wisdom is begun are read 
the Lessons of Sunday, (with or with 
out those of the day itself, if other than 
the Sunday, ) but on the next day when 
it is read, then the Lessons belonging 
to the day, the Lessons of the inter 
mediate days being omitted, (unless 
they have been read with those of Sun 
day, as above.} 



MATTINS. 
FIRST NOCTURN. 

First Lesson. 

Here beginneth the 2 Book of Wisdom 

(i. i.) 

T OVE righteousness; ye that be 
"-^ judges of the earth. Think of 
the Lord with a good heart, and in 
simplicity of heart seek Him ; for He 
will be found of them that tempt Him 
not, and show Himself unto such as 
do not distrust Him. For froward 
thoughts separate from God ; and His 
power, when it is tried, reproveth the 
unwise. For into a malicious soul 
wisdom shall not enter, nor dwell in 
the body that is subject unto sin. 



First Responsory. 

God [possessed me] in the begin 
ning, &c., (p. 334.) 



Second Lesso?i. 

T7OR the holy spirit of discipline 
will flee deceit, and remove from 
thoughts that are without understand 
ing, and will not abide when unright 
eousness cometh in. For wisdom is a 
loving spirit, and will not acquit an 
evil-speaker of his words ; for God is 
witness of his reins, and a true be 
holder of his heart, and an hearer of 
his tongue. For the Spirit of the 
Lord filleth the world, and that which 
containeth all things hath knowledge 
of the voice. Therefore he that speak- 
eth unrighteous things cannot be hid, 



1 Ecclesiasticus i. i. 

2 Abp. Kenrick says: "This book has been ascribed to Solomon, but ... is now generally 
held to have been written long after his time, by an unknown individual ... at a time when 
the Greek language prevailed among the Jews, and perhaps at Alexandria, subsequently to the 
commencement of the translation of the Scriptures called the LXX. . . . The author was 
probably an Alexandrian Jew, who possessed a knowledge of Greek, which he wrote with ease 
and fluency." It is not found in Hebrew, nor in the Jewish Canon, nor in St Jerome s 
translation. 



THIRD WEEK OF AUGUST. 



349 



neither shall vengeance, when it pun- 
isheth, pass by him. 

Second Responsory. 
I alone compassed, &c., (p. 335.) 

Third Lesson. 

T7OR inquisition shall be made into 
the counsels of the ungodly ; 
and the sound of his words shall come 
unto God, for the punishment of his 
wicked deeds. For the ear of jeal 
ousy heareth all things, and the noise 
of murmurings is not hid. There 
fore, beware of murmuring, which is 
unprofitable, and refrain your tongue 
from back-biting, for there is no word 
so secret that it shall go for nought ; 
and the mouth that lieth, slayeth the 
soul. 

Third Responsory. 
O send out wisdom, &c., (/. 335.) 

SECOND NOCTURN, 

Fourth Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book of 
St Ambrose, Bishop [of Milan,] 
"On Offices." (Bk. \. c. 28.) 



is the glory of justice. She 
- liveth for others rather than for 
herself. By her our commonwealth 
and fellowship are holpen. She 
holdeth such a pre-eminence that ail 
things are subject unto her judgment. 
She helpeth others. She giveth wealth. 
She refuseth not to labour. She taketh 
upon her the dangers of others. Who 
would not desire to hold this castle 
of power and courage, if the covetous- 
ness of our first parents had not 
weakened and distorted the strength 
of our nerve ? But so it is, that, 
while we are fain to increase wealth, 
to put by money, to add lands to our 
VOL. III. 



possessions, or to make show of 
our abundance, we put off the image 
of justice, and lose charity toward 
our brethren. 



Fourth Responsory. 
Give me wisdom, &c., (p. 335. 



Fifth Lesson. 

IT OW far-spreading is the field of 
justice appeareth by this, that 
there is excepted therefrom no place, 
person, or time, nay, she hath to do 
even as regards enemies, for if one 
be agreed with his enemy of a certain 
place, or day for battle, it should be 
deemed unjust to fall on him before 
hand, at some other place, or time. 
For it is a very different thing, whether 
one get the better of another in a 
hard fight, or by skill, or by accident. 
If therefore in war justice hath place, 
how much more is she to be observed 
in time of peace ? 



Fifth Responsory. 
The fear of the LORD, &c., (p. 336.) 

Sixth Lesson. 

TTONOUR is the foundation of 
justice. The thoughts in the 
hearts of just men are honourable 
thoughts ; and when the just man 
accuseth himself, it is honour that 
bringeth him to that just deed. Then 
is his justice made manifest by his 
honourable avowal. The Lord saith 
by Isaiah : " Behold, I lay in Zion 
a foundation-stone" (xxviii. 16), that 
is to say, He giveth Christ unto the 
Church to be her foundation. Christ is 
the true honour for all men, and the 
Church is as it were a figure of justice, 
being a commonwealth wherein all 
M 2 



350 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



have rights, and which worketh as 
one, and suffereth as one. Whosoever 
denieth himself, the same is just, and 
worthy of Christ. Therefore also Paul 
saith : " Other foundation can no man 
lay than that is laid, which is JESUS 
Christ " ( i Cor. iii. 1 1 ), and upon that 
foundation is it, that every building of 
justice must be raised. For [the 
spirit of Christ is the true spirit of] 
honour [which] is the foundation 
[whereon justice resteth.] 

Sixth Responsory. 

Lord, remove far from me, &c., (p. 

336.) 

THIRD NOCTURN. 

Seventh Responsory. 

O Lord, Father and God, &c., (p. 
336.) 

Eighth Responsory. 
One seraph cried, &c., (p. 218.) 



Second Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book of 
Wisdom (iii. i.) 

T3UT the souls of the righteous are 
in the hand of God, and there 
shall no torment of death touch them. 
In the sight of the unwise they seemed 
to die, and their departure is taken 
for misery, and their going from us 
to be utter destruction but they are 
in peace. For though they be 
punished in the sight of men, yet is 
their hope full of immortality : and 
having been a little chastised, they 
shall be greatly rewarded, for God 



proved them and found them worthy 
for Himself. As gold in the furnace 
hath He tried them, and received them 
as a burnt offering, and in time they 
shall be regarded. 

First Responsory. 

O Lord, Father and Governor, &c., 
(P- 3370 

Second Lesson. 

T^HE righteous shall shine, and run 
to and fro like sparks among the 
stubble. They shall judge the nations, 
and have dominion over the people, 
and their Lord shall reign for ever 
and ever. They that put their trust 
in Him shall understand the truth, 
and such as be faithful in love shall 
abide with Him ; for grace and mercy 
is to His elect. But the ungodly shall 
be punished according to their own 
imaginations, which have neglected 
the righteous and forsaken the Lord. 
For whoso despiseth wisdom and 
nurture, he is miserable ; and their 
hope is vain, their labours unfruitful, 
and their works unprofitable. 

Second Responsory. 

Great are Thy judgments, &c., (p. 

3370 

Third Lesson, (v. 16.) 

"DUT the righteous live for ever 
more ; their reward also is with 
the Lord, and the care of them is with 
the Most High. Therefore shall they 
receive a glorious kingdom, and a 
beautiful crown from the Lord s hand ; 
for with His right hand shall He cover 
them, and with His holy arm shall 
He protect them. He shall take to 
Him His jealousy for complete armour, 
and make the creature His weapon 
for the revenge of His enemies. He 



THIRD WEEK OF AUGUST. 



351 



shall put on righteousness as a breast 
plate, and true judgment instead of 
an helmet. He shall take equity for 
an invincible shield, He shall sharpen 
His severe wrath for a sword, and 
the world shall fight with Him against 
the unwise. 



Third Responsory. 

Lord, Thine eyes behold, &c., (p. 
337.) 



Third Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book 
of Wisdom (vi. i.) 

VyiSDOM is better than strength, 
and a man of discretion than a 
man of might. Hear therefore, O ye 
kings, and understand ; learn, ye that 
be judges of the ends of the earth. 
Give ear, ye that rule the peoples, and 
glory in the multitude of nations ; for 
power is given you of the Lord, and 
sovereignty from the Highest, Who 
shall try your works, and search out 
your counsels, because, being ministers 
of His kingdom, ye have not judged 
aright, nor kept the law of righteous 
ness, nor walked according to the 
will of God. 

First Responsory. 

My son, give me thine heart, &c., 
(P- 338.) 

Second Lesson. 

LJORRIBLY and speedily shall He 

come upon you ; for a sharp 

judgment shall be to them that be in 

high places. For mercy will soon 



pardon the meanest, but mighty men 
shall be mightily tormented. For God 
shall fear no man s person, neither 
shall He stand in awe of any man s 
greatness. For He hath made the 
small and great, and careth for all 
alike. But a sore trial shall come 
upon the mighty. 

Second Responsory. 
The fear of the LORD, &c., (p. 336.) 



Third Lesson. 



T J 



NTO you, therefore, O kings, do 
I speak, that ye may learn 
wisdom and not fall away. For they 
that keep righteousness righteously, 
shall be judged righteous ; and they 
that have learned such things, shall 
find what to answer. Wherefore set 
your affection upon my words ; de 
sire them, and ye shall be instructed. 
Wisdom is glorious, and never fadeth 
away. Yea, she is easily seen of them 
that love her, and found of such as seek 
her. 

Third Responsory. 
Lord, remove, &c., (p. 336.) 



Fourth Day. 
MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book of 
Wisdom (vii. i .) 

T MYSELF also am a mortal man, 
like to all, and the offspring of 
him that was first made of the earth : 
and in my mother s womb was fashioned 
to be flesh, in the time of ten months, 



352 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



being compacted in blood, of the seed 
of man, and the pleasure that came 
with sleep. And when I was born I 
drew in the common air ; and fell 
upon the earth, which is of like 
nature ; and the first voice which I 
uttered was crying, as all others do. 
I was nursed in swaddling-clothes, 
with great care. For there is no king 
that had any other beginning of birth. 
For all men have one entrance into 
life, and the like going out. 

First Responsory. 

O Lord, Father and God, &c., (p. 
336.) 

Second Lesson, 

V^HEREFORE I prayed, and 
understanding was given me. 
I called, and the spirit of wisdom 
came to me. I preferred her before 
kingdoms and thrones, and esteemed 
riches nothing in comparison of her ; 
neither compared I unto her any 
precious stone, because all gold in 
respect of her is as a little sand, and 
silver shall be counted as clay before 
her. I loved her above health and 
beauty, and chose to have her instead 
of light, for the light that cometh from 
her never goeth out. 



Second Responsory. 

Great are Thy judgments, &c., (p. 
337-) 

Third Lesson. 

A LL good things came to me to- 
^^ gether with her, and innumerable 
riches in her hands ; and I rejoiced in 
them all, because wisdom went before 
me, and I knew not that she was the 
mother of them. I learned her faith 
fully, and do communicate her liber 
ally ; and I do not hide her riches. 



For she is a treasure unto men that 
never faileth, which they that use, 
become the friends of God, becoming 
commended for the gifts that come 
from learning. 

Third Responsory. 

Lord, Thine eyes behold, &c., (p. 

3370 



Fifth Day. 
MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book of 
Wisdom (ix. 13.) 



man is he that can know 
the counsel of God ? or who 
can think what the will of God is ? 
For the thoughts of mortal men are 
miserable, and their devices are but 
uncertain. For the corruptible body 
presseth down the soul, and the earthly 
tabernacle weigheth down the mind 
that museth upon many things. And 
hardly do we guess aright at things 
that are upon earth ; and with labour 
do we find the things that are be 
fore us. But the things that are in 
heaven, who shall search them out ? 
And Thy counsel who hath known, ex 
cept Thou give wisdom, and send Thy 
Holy Spirit from on high ? And so 
the ways of them which live on the 
earth are corrected, and men learn the 
things that are pleasing unto Thee. 
For by wisdom have they been healed, 
whosoever have pleased Thee, O Lord, 
even from the beginning. 

First Responsory. 

God [possessed me] in the begin- 
ing, &c., (p. 334.) 



THIRD WEEK OF AUGUST. 



353 



Second Lesson, (x. ) 

C HE preserved the first father of the 
^ world that God formed, that was 
created alone, and brought him out of 
his fall, and gave him power to rule all 
things. But when the unrighteous 
went away from her in his anger, he 
perished also in the fury wherewith 
he murdered his brother. For whose 
cause the earth being drowned with 
the flood, wisdom again preserved it, 
and directed the course of the righteous 
in a piece of wood of small value. 
Moreover, the nations in their wicked 
conspiracy being confounded, she 
found out the righteous, and preserved 
him blameless unto God, and kept 
him strong against his tender com 
passion towards his son. 

Second Responsory. 
I alone compassed, &c., (p. 335-) 

Third Lesson. 

V\/HEN the ungodly perished she 
delivered the righteous man, 
who fled from the fire which fell down 
upon the five cities, of whose wicked 
ness even to this day the waste land 
smoketh as a testimony, and plants 
bearing fruit that never come to ripe 
ness, and a standing pillar of salt is 
a monument of an unbelieving soul. 
For regarding not wisdom, they gat 
not only this hurt, that they knew not 
things which were good, but also left 
behind them to the world a memorial 
of their foolishness, so that in the 
things wherein they offended, they 
could not so much as be hid. But 
wisdom delivered from pain those that 
attended upon her. 

Third Responsory. 
O send out wisdom, &c., (p. 335-) 



Sixth Day. 
MATTINS. 

first Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book of 
Wisdom (xiii. i.) 

C URELY vain are all men, who are 
^ ignorant of God, and could not, 
out of the good things that are seen, 
know Him That is ; neither, by con 
sidering the works, did they acknow 
ledge the Work-Master ; but deemed 
either fire, or wind, or the swift air, or 
the circle of the stars, or the violent 
water, or the sun and moon, to be the 
gods that govern the world. With 
whose beauty if they being delighted, 
took them to be gods, let them know 
how much better the Lord of them 
is. For the First Author of beauty 
hath created them all. 



First Responsory. 
Give me wisdom, c., (p. 335.) 

Second Lesson. 

T)UT if they were astounded at their 
*-* power and virtue, let them under 
stand by them, how much mightier is 
He That made them. For by the 
greatness and beauty of the crea 
tures, the Creator can be intelligibly 
perceived. But yet for this they 
are the less to be blamed, for per 
chance they erred, seeking God and 
desirous to find Him. For being 
conversant in His works, they search 
Him diligently, and believe their 
sight, because the things are beauti 
ful that are seen. 



354 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



Second Responsory. 
The fear of the LORD, &c., (p. 336). 



Third Lesson. 

1LTOWBEIT, neither are they to be 
pardoned. For if they were 
able to know so much, that they could 
form an opinion concerning the world, 
how did they not sooner find out the 
Lord thereof ? But miserable are they, 
and in dead things is their hope, who 
called them gods which are the works 
of men s hands, gold and silver, to 
show art in, and resemblances of 
beasts, or a stone good for nothing, 
the work of an ancient hand. 



Third Responsory. 

Lord, remove far from me, &c., 
(P- 336.) 



The Sabbath. 

MATTINS. 
First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book of 
Wisdom (xv. I.) 

T) UT Thou, O our God, art gracious 
and true, long-suffering, and in 
mercy ordering all things. For even 
if we sin, we are Thine, knowing Thy 
power ; and if we sin not, we know 
that with Thee we are counted Thine. 
For to know Thee is perfect righteous 
ness ; and to know Thy righteousness 
and Thy power is the root of im 
mortality. 

First Responsory. 

O Lord, Father and God, &c., (p. 
336.) 



Second Lesson. 

pOR neither did the mischievous 
invention of men deceive us, 
nor the fruitless labour of a painted 
image, a similitude fashioned with 
divers colours, the sight whereof 
enticeth fools to lust after it, and so 
desire the form of a dead image 
that hath no breath. Both they 
that make them, and they that de 
sire them, and they that worship 
them are lovers of evil things, and 
are worthy to have such things to 
trust upon. 



Second Responsory. 

Great are Thy judgments, &c., (p. 
337-) 

Third Lesson. 

T^ OR the potter tempering the soft 
earth, fashioneth every vessel 
with much labour for our service, yea, 
of the same clay he maketh both the 
vessels that serve for clean uses, and 
likewise also such as serve to the con 
trary. But what is the use of either 
sort, the potter himself is the judge. 
And, employing his labours lewdly, he 
maketh a god of the same clay, even 
he which a little before was made 
of earth himself, and within a little 
while after returneth to the same out 
of the which he was taken, when 
his life which was lent him shall 
be demanded. 



Third Responsory. 

Lord, Thine eyes behold, &c., (p. 

3370 

VESPERS. 

Antiphon at the Sojig of the Blessed 
Virgin. Wisdom crieth in the streets : 



FOURTH WEEK OF AUGUST. 



355 



* If any man love wisdom, let him 
come unto me, and he shall find 
her ; and when once he hath found 
her, blessed shall he be if he hold 
her. 

Prayer of the succeeding Sunday. 



JFourtij Sunfcag of 

The Fourth Lord^s Day of August. 

MATTINS. 
FIRST NOCTURN. 

First Lesson. 

Here beginneth the Book of l Eccle- 
siasticus (i. i.) 

A LL wisdom is of the Lord God, 
and with Him hath ever been, 
and is before the ages. Who can 
number the sand of the sea and the 
drops of rain, and the days of eternity ? 
Who hath measured the height of 
heaven, and the breadth of the earth, 
and the depth of the deep ? Who 
can search out the wisdom of God, 
that was before all things ? Wisdom 
hath been created before all things, 
and the understanding of prudence 
from everlasting. The word of God 
most high is the fountain of wisdom, 
and her ways the everlasting com 
mandments. 

First Responsory. 
God [possessed me], &c., (p. 334.) 



Second Lesson. 

HP O whom hath the root of wisdom 
been revealed ? or who hath 
known her wise counsels ? Unto 
whom hath the knowledge of wis 
dom been made manifest ? And who 
hath understood her manifold ways ? 
God, the Most High, the Creator, 
the Almighty, the Powerful King, 
the Awful, That sitteth upon His 
throne and reigneth, He is One. 
He created her in His Holy Spirit, 
and saw her, and numbered her, 
and measured her. And He poured 
her forth upon all His works, and 
upon all flesh according to His 
gift ; and He hath given her to 
them that love Him. 



Second Responsory. 
I alone compassed, &c., (p. 335.) 



Third Lesson. 

HP HE fear of the Lord is honour, 
and glory, and gladness, and a 
crown of rejoicing. The fear of the 
Lord maketh a merry heart, and 
giveth joy, and gladness, and a long 
life. Whoso feareth the Lord, it 
shall go well with him at the last, 
and he shall be blessed in his death. 
The love of God is the glory of 
wisdom. They unto whom she ap- 
peareth in visions, love the sight 
of her, and the knowledge of her 
mighty works. To fear the Lord 
is the beginning of wisdom, and it 
was created with the faithful in the 
womb. 



1 Abp. Kenrick says that the author of this Book, Jesus the son of Sirach, wrote it originally 
in Hebrew. (Now lost.) It was translated into Greek by his grand-son, in the most literal 
manner, with no small detriment to perspicuity, as well as to elegance of style. Nothing 
certain is known of the author, beyond what is gathered from the work itself. It is thought 
to have been composed about 300 years before the coming of our Lord. The translation into 
Greek was made under Ptolemy, probably the first of that name, who began to reign 247 years 
before Christ. The Latin version is that of the ancient Vulgate. It abounds in paraphrases 
and double translations of the same words. 



356 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



Third Responsory, 
O send out wisdom, &c., (p. 335-) 

SECOND NOCTURN. 

Fourth Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book of 
Moral Reflections on Job, written 
by Pope St Gregory [the Great.] 
(Bk. i. 10 on Job i.) 

COME there are who are careless 
*^ concerning their true life, greedy 
of the things which pass away, but as 
to the things which are eternal, either 
understand them not, or, understand 
ing them, holding them to be but of 
little moment ; they feel no sorrow, 
nor know how to take wise advice ; 
and, in forgetfulness of the heavenly 
possessions which they have lost, they 
deem themselves (alas, poor wretches !) 
happy in their goods. They lift not 
up their eyes to the light of truth 
for which they were created ; no 
keen desire ever maketh them to 
cast a longing look toward the ever 
lasting Fatherland. Leaving alone 
the chief end for which they were 
made, they fix their affections upon 
the exile which they are enduring, 
instead of upon their home, and 
make merry in the blindness which 
they are suffering, as though it were 
glorious day-light. 



Fourth Responsory. 
Give me wisdom, &c., (p. 335.) 

Fifth Lesson. 

T)UT, on the other hand, the under- 
standings of the elect, while they 
apprehend the things which pass 



away, perceive them to be indeed 
nothings, and work towards grasping 
the true end to which they were 
created, and since nothing outside 
God satisfieth them, their thought, 
wearied by the intensity of specula 
tion, findeth rest in the hope for, and 
the contemplation of, their Maker. 
They are fain to take their place 
among the citizens above, and each 
one of them, although still placed in 
the world as concerns his body, doth 
yet in heart and mind ascend above 
the world. They bemoan the hard 
ships of the exile which they are 
enduring, and rouse themselves by the 
constant pricking of their love, to look 
to their Fatherland above. When 
therefore such an one seeth with grief 
that [by sin] he hath lost an eternal 
inheritance, he findeth this healthy 
counsel, to re.ckon but lightly the 
things of time through which he is 
passing, and as the riper groweth his 
wise course that he hath chosen, to 
let be these perishing things, the 
deeper groweth his sorrow that he 
hath not yet attained unto the things 
which endure. 



Fifth Responsory. 
The fear of the Lord, &c., (p. 336.) 

Sixth Lesson. 

\ \ J"E must also realise that they who 
* are headlong in their courses, 
feel not sorrow of heart. They that 
live without thought, who leave them 
selves recklessly to the guidance of 
events, escape the weariness of thought. 
He that ordereth his life by prudent 
consideration, looketh carefully around 
him before each thing that he doth, 
and, like a man, that before advanc 
ing on an uncertain way, trieth the 
ground with his foot, so he taketh 



FOURTH WEEK OF AUGUST. 



357 



thought beforehand, lest some sudden 
and evil thing should happen to him ; 
he considereth whether that which he 
hath a mind to do is not forbidden 
to him by caution, whether he be not 
too hasty about things which were 
better put off to another season, lest 
evil should overcome him by open 
attack upon his lusts, or even good 
undo him by the in-bringing of vain 
glory. 

Sixth Responsory. 

Lord, remove far from me, &c., (p. 
336.) 

THIRD NOCTURN. 
Seventh Responsory, 

O Lord, Father and God, &c., (p. 

336.) 

Eighth Responsory. 
One seraph cried, &c., (p. 218.) 



is understanding, and the godly use 
of knowledge ; but of sinners is 
wisdom accursed. 



First Responsory. 

O Lord, Father and Governor, &c., 
(P> 337-) 

Second Lesson. 

"PHE fear of the Lord driveth away 
sins, for he that feareth Him 
not cannot be justified, for the fury of 
such an one s anger is his destruction. 
A patient man shall bear for a time, 
and afterward joy shall spring up unto 
him. Good understanding will hide 
his words for a time, and the lips of 
many shall declare his wisdom. The 
understanding of instruction is in the 
treasures of wisdom, but the worship 
of God is an abomination to a sinner. 
My son, if thou desire wisdom, keep 
the commandments, and the Lord 
shall give her unto thee. 



Second Day. 
MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book 
of Ecclesiasticus (i. 22.) 

HP HE crown of wisdom is the fear 
of the Lord, Who maketh peace 
and perfect health to flourish ; Who 
hath seen and numbered them ; and 
both of them are the gifts of God. 
Wisdom raineth down skill and know 
ledge of understanding, and exalteth 
them to honour that hold her fast. 
The root of wisdom is to fear the 
Lord, and the branches thereof are 
long life. In the treasury of wisdom 



Second Responsory. 

Great are Thy judgments, &c., (p. 

3370 

Third Lesson. 

T^OR the fear of the Lord is wisdom 
and instruction, and faith and 
meekness are His delight, and there 
with shall He fill His treasures. Be 
not unbelieving, as touching the fear 
of the Lord, and come not unto Him 
with a double heart. Be not an 
hypocrite in the sight of men, and 
give not offence with thy lips. Take 
good heed thereto, lest perchance thou 
fall, and bring dishonour upon thy 
soul, and so God discover thy secrets, 
and cast thee down in the midst of 
the congregation, because thou earnest 
wickedly unto the Lord, and thine 



358 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



heart was full of wickedness and 
deceit. 

Third Responsory. 

Lord, Thine eyes behold, &c., (p. 

337.) 



Third Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesso?i. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book of 
Ecclesiasticus (ii. i.) 

TV/T Y son, if thou come to serve the 
Lord, stand firm in righteous 
ness and fear, and prepare thy soul 
for temptation. Set thine heart lowly 
and constantly endure ; incline thine 
ear, and take heed to the word of 
understanding ; and make not haste 
in time of trouble. Bear patiently the 
trials which God sendeth thee ; cleave 
unto God, and wait patiently, that thy 
life may be increased at the last. 

First Responsory. 

My son, give me thine heart, &c., 
(P- 338.) 

Second Lesson. 

V\^HATSOEVER is brought upon 
VV thee take cheerfully; and be 
patient when thou art changed to a 
low estate. For gold and silver are 
tried in the fire, and acceptable men 
in the furnace of adversity. Believe 
in God, and He will help thee. Order 
thy way aright, and trust in Him. 
Keep thee in awe of Him, and grow 
old in His service. 



Third Lesson. 

VE that fear the Lord, wait for His 
mercy, and go not aside, lest ye 
fall. Ye that fear the Lord, believe 
Him, and your reward shall not fail. 
Ye that fear the Lord, hope in Him, 
and His mercy shall come joyfully 
upon you. Ye that fear the Lord, 
love Him, and your hearts shall be 
enlightened. My sons, look at the 
generations of old, and see, did ever 
any trust in the Lord, and was con 
founded ? or did any abide in His 
fear, and was forsaken ? or whom did 
He ever despise that called upon Him? 

Third Responsory. 
Lord, remove, &c., (p. 336.) 



Fourth Day. 
MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book of 
Ecclesiasticus (iii. I.) 

^PHE children of wisdom are the 
congregation of righteousness, 
and the generation thereof, obedience 
and love. Hear the judgment of your 
father, O children, and do thereafter, 
that ye may be safe. For God hath 
given the father honour over the child 
ren, and hath confirmed the authority 
of the mother over the sons. Whoso 
loveth God, prayeth that his sins may 
be forgiven, and turneth him away 
from them, and in time his prayer 
shall be heard. 



Second Responsory. 

The fear of the LORD, &c., (p. 
3360 



First Responsory. 

O Lord, Father and God, &c., (p. 
336.) 



FOURTH WEEK OF AUGUST. 



359 



Second Lesson. 

A ND he that honoureth his mother 
*^ is as one that layeth up treasure. 
He that honoureth his father, shall 
have joy of his own children, and 
when he maketh his prayer, he shall 
be heard. He that honoureth his 
father shall have a long life, and he 
that is obedient unto his father, shall 
be a comfort to his mother. He 
that feareth the Lord, honoureth his 
parents, and doth service unto them 
that begat him, as unto his masters. 



Second Responsory. 

Great are Thy judgments, &c., (p. 

3370 

Third Lesson. 

TTONOUR thy father in deed, and 
in word, and in all patience, 
that a blessing may come upon thee 
from him, and his blessing abide upon 
thee at the last. The blessing of a 
father establisheth the houses of child 
ren ; but the curse of a mother rooteth 
out foundations. Glory not in the 
dishonour of thy father : for thy father s 
dishonour is no glory unto thee. For 
the glory of a man is from the honour 
of his father, and a father in dishonour 
is a reproach to the children. 



Third Responsory. 

Lord, Thine eyes behold, &c., (p. 
3370 



Fifth Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book of 
Ecclesiasticus (iii. 22.) 



CEEK not out the things that are 
above thee, neither search the 
things that are above thy strength. 
But what God hath commanded thee, 
think thereon alway, and be not curi 
ous concerning the diversity of His 
works. For it is not necessary for 
thee to see with thine eyes the things 
that are in secret. Search not too 
much into unnecessary matters, and 
be not curious concerning the diversity 
of His works, for more things are 
shown unto thee than men understand. 
For many are deceived by their guesses 
concerning" them, and a vain opinion 
hath overthrown their judgment. 



First Responsory. 
God [possessed me], &c., (p. 334.) 

Second Lesson. 

A STUBBORN heart shall fare evil 
*"* at the last, and he that loveth 
danger shall perish therein. An heart 
that entereth on a double way, shall 
not have success, and he whose heart 
is corrupt shall stumble therein. An 
obstinate heart shall be laden with sor 
rows, and the wicked man shall heap 
sin upon sin. In the congregation of 
the proud there is no remedy, for the 
plant of wickedness hath taken root 
there, and they shall not know it. 

Second Responsory. 
I alone compassed, &c., (p. 335.) 

Third Lesson. 

HTHE heart of the prudent will 
understand wisdom, and the ear 
of the good will listen to wisdom with 
all eagerness. A wise and under 
standing heart will refrain from sin, 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



and will work righteousness, and have 
success therein. Water will quench a 
flaming fire, and alms are an antidote 
against sins. God looketh upon him 
which giveth. He is mindful of him 
hereafter, and when he faileth, he 
shall find a stay. 

Third Responsory. 
O send out wisdom, &c., (p. 335.) 



Sixth Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book of 
Ecclesiasticus (iv. i.) 

1X/TY son, clefraud not the poor of 
*-** his alms, and turn not away 
thine eyes from the needy. Deem 
not lightly of an hungry soul, neither 
provoke a poor man in his distress. 
Grieve not the heart of the needy, and 
defer not to give to him that is in 
straits. Reject not the supplication of 
the afflicted, and turn not away thy 
face from a poor man. 

First Responsory. 
Give me wisdom, &c., (p. 335-) 

Second Lesson. 

^URN not away thine eyes in 
anger from the needy, and 
leave not such as ask from thee to 
curse thee behind thy back ; for if he 
curse thee in the bitterness of his 
soul, his prayer shall be heard ; for 
He That made him will hear him. 
Get thyself the love of the congre 
gation of the poor, and bow thy soul 



to the aged, and bow thine head to 
a great man. 

Second Responsory. 
The fear of the Lord, &c., (p. 336.) 

Third Lesson. 

T ET it not grieve thee to bow down 
thine ear to the poor, and pay 
that thou owest, and give him a 
friendly answer with meekness. De 
liver him that suffereth wrong from 
the hand of the oppressor, and be not 
faint-hearted. When thou sittest in 
judgment, be as a tender father unto 
the fatherless, and instead of an hus 
band unto their mother ; so shalt thou 
be as a dutiful son unto the Most 
High, and He shall love thee more 
than thy mother doth. 

Third Responsory. 

Lord, remove far from me, &c., (p. 
336.) 



The Sabbath. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book 
of Ecclesiasticus (iv. 23.) 

TV/I" Y son, observe the time, and be- 
ware of evil. For thy soul s 
sake be not ashamed to speak the 
truth. For there is a shame that 
bringeth sin ; and there is a shame that 
bringeth glory and grace. Accept no 
person against thy person, nor a lie 
against thine own soul. Fear not thy 
neighbour when he faileth, and re 
frain not to speak when there is occa 
sion to do good. Hide not thy wis 
dom in her beauty. 



FIFTH WEEK OF AUGUST. 



361 



First Responsory. 

O Lord, Father and God, &c., (p. 

336.) 

Second Lesson. 

T7 OR by speech wisdom is known, 
and understanding, and know 
ledge and instruction by the word of 
him that understandeth, and firmness 
by works of righteousness. In no 
wise speak against the truth, but be 
abashed for the falsehood which thou 
hast uttered through ignorance. Be 
not ashamed to confess thy sins, and 
make not thyself an underling to 
any man by [cleaving to] thy sin. 
Strive not against the person of the 
mighty, and contend not against the 
course of the river. 



commandment, and forsake not the 
law of thy mother, but bind them 
continually upon thine heart. 

If, however, the next day be the 
Sunday nearest to the \st day of Sep 
tember, the above is omitted, and the 
Antiphon, "When Job heard," &c., 
(p. 368) is said instead. 

Prayer of the succeeding Sunday. 

Note. The whole of tJie following 
week is omitted if the Sunday after 
the fourth Saturday in August be the 
Sunday nearest to the I st day of Sep 
tember. And so with the fifth week 
of September and October. 



Second Responsory. 

Great are Thy judgments, &c., (p. 

3370 

Third Lesson. 

CTRIVE for righteousness with all 
thy soul, and contend for right 
eousness unto death, and God shall 
beat down thine enemies for thee. Be 
not hasty in thy tongue, and in thy 
deeds slack and remiss. Be not as a 
lion in thine own house, troubling thy 
servants, and oppressing them that 
are subject unto thee. Let not thine 
hand be stretched out to receive, and 
shut when thou shouldest give. 



Third Responsory. 

Lord, Thine eyes behold, &c., (p. 

337-) 

VESPERS. 

Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed 
Virgin. * My son, keep thy father s 



Jiftf) SunUag of 

The Fifth Lord s Day of August. 

MATTINS. 

FIRST NOCTURN. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book 
of Ecclesiasticus (v. i.) 

HP URN not aside after ill-gotten 
gain, neither say : This life is 
all I need for when the hour of 
vengeance cometh, the hour when 
thou shalt have all things taken from 
thee, this life will be nothing to thee. 
When thou art lusty, follow not the 
desire of thine heart, neither say : 
How can I do it ? or who will bring 
me to account for it, when it is done ? 
For there is a God of vengeance Who 
will be avenged on thee. Say not : 
I have sinned, but what harm hath 



Prov. vi. 20, 21. 



362 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



befallen me ? The Most High repay- 
eth, slowly, but surely. Though thou 
have made an atonement for thy sin, 
be not fearless concerning it, nor go 
on to sin again. 

First Responsory. . 
God [possessed me], &c., (p. 334-) 

Second Lesson. 

C AY not : the mercy of the Lord is 
*^ great, He will take my many sins 
into merciful consideration for mercy 
is in Him a dweller with anger, and 
to the sinner it is His anger. Tarry 
not to turn thee to the Lord, yea, de 
fer not thy repentance from day to 
day. For His wrath will come upon 
thee suddenly, and in the moment of 
His vengeance He will destroy thee. 
Long not for ill-gotten gain for, 
when the hour of vengeance cometh, 
the hour when thou shalt have all 
things taken from thee, they will avail 
thee nothing. Be not blown about 
with every wind, nor essay every path. 
For thus, even by his double tongue, 
is every sinner made manifest. 

Second Responsory. 
I alone compassed, &c., (p. 335.) 

Third Lesson. 

CTAND firm in the Lord s way, 
^ and in faithfulness to thine un 
derstanding and knowledge, and let 
the word of peace and righteousness 
go with thee. Be courteous in listen 
ing, that thou mayest understand, 
and with wisdom give a truthful 
answer. If thou have wit, answer thy 
neighbour ; but if not, let thine hand 
be upon thy mouth, and be not de 
tected in a foolish speech, and put to 



the blush. The utterance of him that 
hath understanding bringeth him hon 
our and credit ; but the undoing of 
a fool is his own tongue. Be not 
thou called a tale-bearer, and be not 
caught in thy speech, and put to the 
blush. 

Third Respo7isory. 
O send out wisdom, &c., (p. 335-) 

SECOND NOCTURN. 

Fourth Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Ser 
mons of St John Chrysostom, [Patri 
arch of Constantinople.] 

"TARRY not to turn thee to the 
Lord, yea, defer not thy re 
pentance from day to day for thou 
knowest not what the morrow may 
bring forth. In delay there is danger 
and terror, but where there is no 
delay, there health is safe and secure. 
Live well then, and, then, however 
young thou diest, thou wilt die safely ; 
and if thou come to old age thou wilt 
depart without vexation or trouble ; 
and thou wilt have a double happi 
ness, in that thou wilt be leaving all 
the evils of life, and in that thou hast 
lived well. Say not : There will be a 
time meet for repentance for such 
words as these do greatly rouse the 
anger of God. 



Fourth Responsory. 
Give me wisdom, &c., (p. 335-) 



Fifth Lesson. 

T_T E hath promised thee eternal ages, 
**" and thou wiliest not to work in 
this present life, which is so short 
and so fleeting. Dost thou so idly 
and loosely carry thyself, as though 



FIFTH WEEK OF AUGUST. 



363 



the life for which thou seekest were a 
shorter life than this ? Do not daily 
feastings, daily gluttonies, daily un- 
cleanness, shows, and riches bear 
witness to the undying nature of sinful 
cravings ? Think it well over, that 
as often as thou dost commit unclean- 
ness, thou dost damn thyself for this 
is the nature of sin, as soon as it is 
committed, the Judge s sentence is 
uttered. 

Fifth Responsory* 

The fear of the LORD, &c., (p. 
336.) 



Sixth Lesson. 



H 



AST thou been drunken ? Hast 
thou over-eaten thyself? Hast 
thou stolen ? Stop, and turn back ; 
thank the goodness of God, that He 
hath not taken thee away in the midst 
of thy sins ; seek not more time where 
in to commit iniquity. Many have 
they been who have perished suddenly, 
in the midst of bad and vicious lives, 
and have gone away to manifest 
damnation ; have a fear lest the same 
thing befall thee. But, thou sayest, 
they have been many to whom God 
hath given time, and they have been 
to confession in their old age. What 
then ? Is that a proof that it will be 
given to thee ? Perchance, sayest 
thou. Why sayest thou, Perchance ? 
It befalleth sometimes. Bethink thee 
that it is of thy soul thou art consider 
ing. Look at it the other way, and 
say : What if it be not given ? But, 
sayest thou, and what if it be ? May it 
be so it is true it is among His gifts 
but nevertheless, this is the safer and 
the better way. 



Sixth Responsory. 

Lord, remove far from me, &c., (p. 
336.) 



THIRD NOCTURN. 
Seventh Responsory. 

O Lord, Father and God, &c., (p. 
336.) 

EigJitJi Responsory. 

One seraph cried, &c., (p. 218.) 



Second Day. 

MATTINS. 
First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book of 
Ecclesiasticus (vii. i.) 

invO not evil, so shall none come unto 
thee. Depart from the unjust, 
and iniquity shall turn away from thee. 
My son, sow not evil in the furrows of 
unrighteousness, and thou shalt not 
reap the same sevenfold. Seek not 
of the lord pre-eminence, neither of 
the king the seat of honour. Justify 
not thyself before God, for He is the 
Beholder of hearts ; and seek not to 
seem wise before the king. 

First Responsory. 

O Lord, Father and Governor, &c., 
(P- 337-) 

Second Lesson. 

C EEK not to be made a judge, unless 
thou hast strength to break down 
iniquity ; lest at any time thou fear the 
person of the mighty, and lay a stum 
bling-block in the way of thine up 
rightness. Offend not against the 
multitude of a city, nor cast thyself 
down among the people, nor bind the 
one fault upon the other, for in one 
thou shalt not be unpunished. Be not 
faint-hearted in thy soul ; pray, and 
forget not to give alms. 



3^4 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



Second Responsory. 

Great are Thy judgments, &c., (/. 
3370 

Third Lesson. 

O AY not : God will look upon the 
multitude of my oblations, and 
when I offer to the Most High God, 
He will accept it. Laugh no man to 
scorn in the bitterness of his soul ; for 
there is One Which humbleth and 
exalteth, even God the Beholder. 
Devise not a lie against thy brother; 
neither do the like to thy friend. Use 
not to make any manner of lie ; for the 
custom thereof is not good. Use not 
many words in a multitude of elders, 
and make not much repetition when 
thou prayest. 

Third Responsory. 

Lord, Thine eyes behold, &c., (p. 

337-) 



Third Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book of 
Ecclesiasticus (x. i.) 

A WISE judge will judge his people, 
and the government of a man of 
understanding is firm. As the judge 
of the people is himself, so are his 
officers ; and what manner of man the 
ruler of the city is, such are all they 
that dwell therein. An unwise king 
destroyeth his people, but through the 
prudence of them which are in au 
thority the cities shall be inhabited. 
The power of the earth is in the hand 
of God, and in due time He will set 
over it one that is profitable. In the 
hand of God is the prosperity of man ; 
and upon the person of the scribe 
shall He lay His honour. 



First Responsory. 

My son, give me thine heart, &c., 
(P. 338.) 

Second Lesson. 

"DEAR not hatred to thy neighbour 
for every wrong ; and do nothing 
at all by injurious practices. Pride is 
hateful before God and man, and by 
both is the iniquity of the heathen held 
in abhorrence. Because of unrighteous 
dealings, injuries, insults, and divers 
deceits, the kingdom is translated from 
one people to another. There is not 
a more wicked thing than a covetous 
man. Why is earth and ashes proud ? 
There is not a more wicked thing than 
for a man to love money ; for such an 
one setteth his own soul to sale, be 
cause while he liveth he casteth away 
his bowels. 



Second Responsory. 
The fear of the LORD, &c., (p. 336.) 

Third Lesson. 

O HORT is the duration of all power. 
A long sickness is a weariness to 
the physician. The physician cutteth 
off a short disease ; so also, he that is 
a king to-day, to-morrow shall die. 
For when a man is dead, he shall 
inherit creeping things, beasts, and 
worms. The beginning of pride is 
when one departeth from God ; for his 
heart is turned away from his Maker. 
For pride is the beginning" of all sin ; 
he that hath it shall be filled with 
curses, and in the end it will destroy 
him. Therefore hath the Lord put to 
shame the assemblies of the wicked, 
and utterly overthrown them. 

Third Responsory. 
Lord, remove, &c., {p. 336.) 



FIFTH WEEK OF AUGUST. 



365 



Fourth Day. 

MATTINS. 
First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book of 
Ecclesiasticus (xiii. i.) 

TIE that toucheth pitch shall be 
defiled therewith, and he that 
hath fellowship with a proud man will 
put on pride. He taketh a burden 
upon himself that hath fellowship with 
one that is more honourable than him 
self. Company not with one that is 
richer than thou. How agree the 
kettle and the earthen pot together ? 
For if the one be smitten against the 
other, it shall be broken. The rich 
man hath done wrong, and yet he 
threateneth withal ; the poor is wronged 
and holdeth his peace. If thou be for 
his profit, he will use thee ; and if 
thou have nothing, he will forsake 
thee. If thou have anything, he will 
live with thee, yea, he will make thee 
bare, and will not be sorry for thee. 



out thy secrets. Cruelly will his soul 
lay up thy words, and will not spare to 
do thee hurt and to put thee in prison. 

Second Responsory. 

Great are Thy judgments, &c., (p. 

3370 

Third Lesson. 

QBSERVE, and take good heed 
unto what thou hearest, for thou 
walkest in peril of thy over-throwing". 
When thou hearest these things, look 
about thee as though thou \vert asleep, 
and thou shalt watch well. Love God 
all thy life, and call upon Him when 
thou art in health. Every beast loveth 
his like, and every man loveth his neigh 
bour. All flesh consorteth according 
to kind, and every man will cleave to 
his like. What fellowship hath the 
wolf with the lamb ? so, the sinner 
with the godly. What hath an holy 
man to do with a dog ? And what 
portion is there alike to the rich and 
the poor ? 



First Responsory. 

O Lord, Father and God, &c., (p. 
336.) 

Second Lesson. 

"DEAR thyself lowly toward God, and 
watch for His hand. Beware 
that thou be not deceived and brought 
down to folly. Be not lowly in esteem 
of thy wisdom, lest in thy lowliness 
thou be led astray into folly. If thou 
be invited of a mighty man, withdraw 
thyself, and so much the more will he 
invite thee. Press not upon him, lest 
thou be put back ; and stand not far 
off, lest thou be forgotten. Affect not 
to be made equal unto him in talk, and 
believe not his many words. For with 
much communication will he tempt 
thee, and, smiling upon thee, will get 



Third Responsory. 

Lord, Thine eyes behold, &c., (p. 

337-) 



Fifth Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book of 
Ecclesiasticus (xiv. i.) 

"DLESSED is the man that hath not 
slipped with his mouth, and is 
not pricked with the sorrowful memory 
of sins. Happy is he whose con 
science hath not condemned him, and 
who is not fallen from his hope. 
Riches are not comely for a niggard, 



366 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



and what should an envious man do 
with money ? He that gathereth by 
defrauding his own soul, gathereth for 
others, and another will spend his 
goods riotously. He that is evil to 
himself, to whom will he be good ? 
He shall not take pleasure in his 
goods. 

First Responsory. 
God [possessed me], &c., (p. 334-) 



and let not any part of a good gift 
overpass thee. Shalt thou not leave 
thy travails unto another, and thy 
labours to be divided by lot ? Give 
and take, and sanctify thy soul. Work 
righteousness before thou diest, for 
there is no bread to be found in the 
grave. 

Third Responsory. 
O send out wisdom, &c., (p. 335.) 



Second Lesson. 

^PHERE is none worse than he that 
envieth himself, and this is a 
recompense of his wickedness ; and if 
he doth good he doth it unknowingly 
and unwillingly, and at the last he 
declareth his wickedness. The en 
vious man hath a wicked eye, he 
turneth away his face, and is reckless 
of his own soul. The covetous man s 
eye is not satisfied with his ill-gotten 
portion ; he will never be satisfied 
until he dry up his own soul and de 
stroy it. A wicked eye looketh for 
wickedness ; he will not satisfy him 
self with bread, but is a niggard and 
a sufferer at his own table. 



Second Responsory. 
I alone compassed, &c., (p. 335.) 

Third Lesson. 

Y son, if thou hast wherewith, do 
good to thyself, and give God 
worthy offerings. Remember that 
death will not be long in coming, and 
that the inheritance of the grave is 
clearly before thee, for the inheritance 
of this world is the certainty of death. 
Do good unto thy friend before thou 
die, and according to thy ability stretch 
out thine hand and give to the poor. 
Defraud not thyself of the good day, 



Sixth Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book of 
Ecclesiasticus (xxi. i.) 

TV/I" Y son, hast thou sinned ? Do so 
"* no more, but ask pardon for 
thy former sins. Flee from sin as 
from the face of a serpent ; for if 
thou comest too near it, it will bite 
thee ; the teeth thereof are as the 
teeth of a lion, slaying the souls of 
men. All iniquity is as a two-edged 
sword ; the wounds thereof cannot be 
healed. Reviling and insult destroy 
riches, and the house which is wealthy 
over- much is destroyed by its own 
pride ; thus do the riches of the proud 
come to nought. 

First Responsory. 
Give me wisdom. c., (p. 335.) 

Second Lesson. 

A PRAYER out of a poor man s 
C*; mouth reacheth to [God] His 
ears, and his judgment cometh speed- 



FIFTH WEEK OF AUGUST. 



367 



ily. He that hateth to be reproved 
is in the way of sinners, and he that 
feareth God will repent from his heart. 
The masterful tongue of a braggart is 
known far and near, but a man of 
understanding knoweth to rid himself 
of him. He that buildeth his house 
with other men s money is like one 
that gathereth his stones in winter. 
The congregation of the wicked is like 
tow wrapped together, and the end of 
them is a flame of fire. 



Second Responsory. 
The fear of the Lord, &c., (p. 336.) 

Third Lesson. 

HP HE way of sinners is made plain 
with stones, but at the end 
thereof is hell, and darkness, and 
punishment. He that keepeth right 
eousness will get the understanding 
thereof. The end of the fear of God 
is wisdom and understanding. He 
that is not rightly wise will not be 
taught. But there is a wisdom which 
overfloweth with evil, and where there 
is bitterness there is no understand 
ing. The knowledge of a wise man 
shall abound like a flood, and his 
counsel is like a constant fountain of 
life. 

Third Responsory. 
Lord, remove, &c., (p. 336.) 



The Sabbath. 

MATTINS. 
First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book of 
Ecclesiasticus (xxxii. i.) 



JJ AVE they made thee a ruler ? 
Lift not thyself up, but be 
among them as one of the rest. Take 
diligent care for them, and so be trust 
ful ; and when thou hast done all thine 
office, sit thee down, that thou mayest 
rejoice with them, and mayest receive 
a crown for an ornament of comeli 
ness, and an acknowledgment that 
thou wert worthy to be besought of 
them. Speak, thou that art the elder, 
for the first word becometh thee, with 
careful knowledge, and hinder not 
music. 

First Responsory. 

O Lord, Father and God, &c., (p. 
336.) 

Second Lesson. 



not out words where there are 
none to heed thee, and magnify 
not thyself with wisdom out of time. 
A concert of music in a banquet of 
wine, is as a signet of carbuncle set in 
gold. As a signet of an emerald set 
in a work of gold, so is the melody of 
music with merriment and sufficiency of 
wine. Listen in silence, and thou shalt 
have a good name for thy modesty. 
Young man, scarcely speak concerning 
thine own matter. If thou be twice 
asked, let thine answer be short. 

Second Responsory. 

Great are Thy judgments, &c., (p. 
3370 

Third Lesson. 

/CONCERNING many things, be 
^ as though thou knewest not, 
and listen, holding thy tongue, and as 
seeking instruction. If thou be among 
great men, thrust not thyself forward, 
and where ancient men are in place, 
use not many words. Before hail 
goeth lightning, and before a shame 
faced man shall go favour, and thou 
shalt have a good name for thy 



368 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



modesty. Rise up betimes and be 
not the last ; but go unto thine own 
house the first, and there be called, 
and take thy pastime, and do what 
thou wilt, so it be not sin or proud 
words. And for all these things bless 
the Lord that made thee, and hath 
replenished thee with all His good 
things. 

Third Responsory. 

Lord, Thine eyes behold, &c., (p. 

337-) 



VESPERS. 

Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed 
Virgin, on Saturday evening before 
the First Lord^s Day of September. 
1 When Job heard the words of the 
messengers, he suffered it patiently, * 
and said : What ! shall we receive 
good at the hand of the Lord, and 
shall we not receive evil ? In all this 
did not Job sin with his lips, nor 
charged God foolishly. 

Prayer of the ensuing Sunday. 



Job ii. 10 ; i. 21, 22. 



, homilies, attir ogprt 

Jot tfje Sunoags after Pentecost, 

From the Fourth to the Fifteenth, both inclusive. 



ILorfc s Bag after 



Prayer. 



O Lord, we beseech Thee, 
^"^ that the course of this world 
may be so peaceably ordered by Thy 
governance, that Thy Church may joy 
fully serve Thee in all godly quietness. 
Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy 
Son, Who liveth and reigneth with 
Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, 
one God, world without end. Amen. 

Lessons for the Third Nocturn. 
Seventh Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Holy 
Gospel according to Luke (v. i.) 

A T that time : As the people 
pressed upon JESUS, to hear the 
word of God, He stood by the lake of 
Gennesareth. And so on. 

Homily by St Ambrose, Bishop [of 
Milan.] (Bk. iv. on Luke v.) 

When the Lord wrought so many 
works of healing, neither time nor 
place could restrain the people from 



seeking health. Evening came, and 
they still followed Him ; He went 
down to the lake, and they still 
pressed upon Him ; and therefore He 
entered into Peter s ship. This is that 
ship, which spiritually up to this very 
hour, according to the expression of 
Matthew, 1 is buffeted by tempests, but 
still, according to Luke, is filled with 
fishes, this signifying, that, for a 
while, to labour is present to the 
Church, but, hereafter, it shall be to 
rejoice. The fishes are they which 
swim in the troublous waters of human 
life. In this ship also spiritually doth 
Christ, for His disciples, still sleep, 
and still command ; for He sleepeth 
for the lukewarm, and watcheth for the 
perfect. 

Eighth Lesson. 

1^ O fear, then, for the ship where 
wisdom steereth, false teaching 
is not known, and faith swelleth the 
sails. How shall she be troubled, 
whose Lord is Himself the Church s 
sure Foundation ? It is where faith is 
weak that there is fear ; where love is 
perfect, there there is safety. To 
many it is commanded to loose their 
nets, but to Peter only to "Launch 



1 St Ambrose s version must in this respect have differed from the present Latin, which 
contains no such passage in Matthew. 

VOL. III. N 



370 



PRAYERS, HOMILIES, AND GOSPEL ANTIPHONS 



out into the deep," that is, into the 
depths of doctrine. What indeed is 
there so deep, as to gaze upon the 
depth of all riches, to recognise the 
Son of God, and to take up the con 
fession of His Divine generation ? 
This is a thing which the mind is not 
able to grasp by the searchings of 
man s reason, but which is embraced 
by an hearty faith. 

Ninth Lesson. 

TT^OR albeit, it is not given unto me 
to know how He was born, yet 
that born He was, I may not be 
ignorant. What the order of His 
generation was, I know not, but the 
Source of His generation I acknow 
ledge. None hath beheld the Beget 
ting of the Son of God by the Father, 
but the Church hath stood by to hear 
the Father testify that this is His 
beloved Son. (Luke iii. 22.) If we 
believe not God, whom shall we be 
lieve ? For whatsoever we believe 
cometh either by sight or by hearing ; 
sight is oftentimes deceived, but "faith 
cometh by hearing." (Rom. x. 17.) 

Antiphon at the Song of Zacharias. 
JESUS entered into the ship, * and sat 
down, and taught the people. Alleluia. 

Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed 
Virgin. Master, we have toiled all 
night, * and have taken nothing ; 
nevertheless at Thy word I will let 
down the net. 



jftftlj iLorti s; as after 
lietttecost 

Prayer. 

f~\ GOD, Who hast prepared for 
^-^ them that love thee such good 
things as pass man s understanding ; 



pour into our hearts such love toward 
Thee, that we, loving Thee in all 
things and above all things, may 
obtain Thy promises, which exceed all 
that we can desire. Through our 
Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who 
liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the 
unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, 
world without end. Amen. 

Lessons for the Third Nocturn. 
Seventh Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Holy 
Gospel according to Matthew (v. 20.) 

A T that time : JESUS said unto His 
^"^ disciples: Unless your righteous 
ness shall exceed the righteousness of 
the Scribes and Pharisees, ye shall in 
no case enter into the kingdom of 
heaven. And so on. 

Homily by St Austin, Bishop [of 
Hippo.] (Bk. i. on the Lord^s Sermon 
on the Mount, ch. 9.) 

"Thou shalt not kill," is of the 
righteousness of the Pharisees; "Thou 
shalt not be angry with thy brother 
without a cause," is of the righteous 
ness of them which shall enter into 
the kingdom of heaven. The least 
therefore is: "Thou shalt not kill," 
and whosoever shall break this com 
mandment, he shall be called the least 
in the kingdom of heaven, (v. 19.) 
But whosoever shall do it, and not 
kill, he is not therefore great, and 
meet for the kingdom of heaven ; 
albeit, he hath risen a step ; but he 
will have gotten farther, if he be not 
angry with his brother without a cause, 
which, if he do, he will be the 
farther off from manslaughter. Where 
fore, He Which teacheth us that we 
are not to be angry without a cause, 
destroyeth not the law, "Thou shalt 
not kill," but rather fulfilleth and 
increaseth it, making us not only to 



FOR THE SUNDAYS AFTER PENTECOST. 



371 



be free of the sin of outward killing, 
but also clean of anger within. 

Eighth Lesson. 

T N sins of this kind there are divers 
steps. First, there is the swelling 
feeling of anger. When this feeling 
appeareth in a man s heart, he keepeth 
it. Then the inward disturbance 
wringeth forth words of indignation, 
not themselves meaning aught, but 
showing the trouble of him who is 
provoked. And this is something 
more than anger kept covered under 
silence. Next, this audible outburst 
of indignation may contain direct and 
open reviling of him who hath roused 
it. And it cannot be doubted that 
this is something more than an empty 
cry of anger. 

Ninth Lesson. 

ID EH OLD here the three degrees of 
guilt open respectively to the 
judgment, to the council, and to hell- 
fire. In the judgment, there is still 
place for defence. In the council, 
albeit this also is in a sense a judg 
ment, yet we may suppose this dis 
tinction from the judgment proper, 
that the council pronounceth sentence, 
not as the result of a trial whereat the 
accused is present, but as the result of 
a consultation among the judges, to 
what punishment he is to be sentenced 
of whom it is already established that 
he is guilty. When we get to hell-fire, 
there remaineth no longer any doubt 
about condemnation, as in the judg 
ment, and no longer any doubt about 
sentence, as in the council. In hell- 
fire the condemnation and the pain of 
him that is condemned are alike 
certain. 

Antiphon at the Song of Zacharias. 
Ye have heard that it was said * by 
them of old time : Thou shalt not kill ; 



and whosoever shall kill shall be in 
danger of the judgment. 

Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed 
Virgin. If thou bring thy gift to the 
Altar, * and there rememberest that 
thy brother hath aught against thee, 
leave there thy gift before the Altar, 
and go thy way ; first be reconciled to 
thy brother, and then come and offer 
thy gift. Alleluia. 



Stxtf) HorlTs Bag after 



Prayer. 

T ORD of all power and might, Who 
art the Author and Giver of all 
good things, graft in our hearts the 
love of Thy Name, increase in us true 
religion, nourish us with all goodness, 
and, of Thy great mercy, keep us in 
the same. Through our Lord JESUS 
Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reign- 
eth with Thee, in the unity of the 
Holy Ghost, one God, world without 
end. Amen. 



Lessons for the Third Nocturn. 
Seventh Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Holy 
Gospel according to Mark (viii. I.) 

T N those days the multitude being 
very great, and having nothing to 
eat, JESUS called His disciples unto 
Him, and saith unto them : I have 
compassion on the multitude, because 
they have now been with Me for three 
days, and have nothing to eat. And 
so on. 

Homily by St Ambrose, Bishop [of 
Milan.] (Bk. vi. on Luke ix.) 



372 



PRAYERS, HOMILIES, AND GOSPEL ANTIPHONS 



After that that woman, who is a 
type of the Church, was healed of the 
issue of blood (Luke viii. 43-48) ; after 
that the Lord had sent His disciples 
to preach the kingdom of God (ix. 2), 
His heavenly tenderness gave food. 
But consider who they were unto 
whom He gave it. He gave it not 
to such as dwell at ease, not to men 
in cities, not to such as sit in places 
of worldly splendour, but to men 
seeking Christ in a desert place. 
Such as are not given to niceness are 
they whom Christ receiveth, and unto 
whom the Word of God speaketh, not 
of earthly things, but of the kingdom 
of God ( 1 1 . ) And if any bear in 
them the running sores of fleshly 
passion, He healeth them. 

Eighth Lesson. 

AND then it came to pass that, as 
^ He had healed them that had 
need of healing, He fed their hunger 
with ghostly meat. Thus it is that 
no man taketh Christ s meat, unless 
he be first healed, and they, that are 
bidden to the supper, are first cured 
by the invitation. The lame receive 
the power to walk, that they may be 
able to come ; the blind cannot see 
the door of the house of the Lord, 
unless light be given them. 

Ninth Lesson. 

pVERYWHERE is preserved the 
order of the Sacraments. The 
sinful soul is first healed by the remis 
sion of sins, and afterward is filled at 
the Tal$e of the Lord albeit this 
multitude now present is of such 
as do not yet feed on those strong 
meats, nor pasture their starving 
spirits upon the Body and Blood of 
Christ, as do they of a manlier faith. 
To use the words [of Paul], " I have 
fed you with milk and not with meat, 
for hitherto ye were not able to bear it, 



neither yet now are ye able." (i Cor. 
iii. 2.) The five loaves are, as it 
were, your milk ; the stronger meat 
will be the Body of Christ ; the more 
generous cup, the Blood of the Lord. 

Antiphon at the Song of Zacharias. 
The multitude being very great, * and 
having nothing to eat, JESUS called 
His disciples unto Him, and saith unto 
them : I have compassion on the mul 
titude, because they have now been 
with Me three days, and have nothing 
to eat. Alleluia. 

Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed 
Virgin. I have compassion on the 
multitude, * because they have now 
been with Me three days, and have 
nothing to eat ; and if I send them 
away fasting, they will faint by the 
way. Alleluia. 



lorlTa liag after 



Prayer. 

C\ GOD, Whose never-failing Provi- 
^^ dence ordereth all things both in 
heaven and earth, we humbly beseech 
Thee to put away from us all hurtful 
things, and to give us those things 
which be profitable for us. Through 
our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who 
liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the 
unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, 
world without end. Amen. 

Lessons for the Third Nocturn. 
Seventh Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gos 
pel according to Matthew (vii. 15.) 

A T that time : JESUS said unto 
*^r- His disciples : Beware of false 
prophets, which come to you in 



FOR THE SUNDAYS AFTER PENTECOST. 



373 



sheep s clothing, but inwardly they 
are ravening wolves. Ye shall know 
them by their fruits. And so on. 

Homily by St Hilary, Bishop [of 
Poitiers.] (Comment, on Matth. ch. 

vi.) 

The Lord here warneth us that we 
must rate the worth of soft words and 
seeming meekness, by the fruits which 
they that manifest such things bring 
forth in their works, and that we 
should look, in order to see what a 
man is, not at his professions, but 
at his deeds. For there are many 
in whom sheep s clothing is but a 
mask to hide wolfish ravening. But 
" Do men gather grapes of thorns, 
or figs of thistles ? Even so every 
good tree bringeth forth good fruit, 
but a corrupt tree bringeth forth evil 
fruit." Thus, the Lord teacheth us, 
is it with men also ; evil men bring 
not forth good fruits, and hereby are 
we to know them. Lip-service alone 
winneth not the kingdom of heaven, 
nor is every one that saith unto Christ, 
" Lord, Lord," an heir thereof. 

Eighth Lesson. 

use is there in calling 
the Lord, Lord? Would He 
not be Lord all the same, whether 
or not we called Him so ? What 
holiness is there in this ascription 
of a name, when the true way to 
enter into the kingdom of heaven 
is to do the will of our Father, Who 
is in heaven ? " Many will say to 
Me in that day : Lord, Lord, have 
we not prophesied in Thy Name ? " 
Already here doth the Lord rebuke 
the deceit of the false prophets, and 
the feigning of the hypocrites, who 
take glory to themselves because of 
the power of their words, their pro 
phesying in teaching, their casting out 
of devils, and such-like mighty works. 



Ninth Lesson. 

IgECAUSE of all these things they 
promised unto themselves that 
they shall enter into the kingdom of 
heaven as though in their words 
and works any good thing were their 
own, and not all the mighty working 
of that God upon Whom they call, 
since reading bringeth knowledge of 
doctrine, and the Name of Christ 
driveth out devils. That which is 
needed on our part to win that 
blessed eternity, that of our own 
which we must give, is to will to 
do right, to turn away from all evil, 
to obey with our whole heart the 
commandments laid on us from 
heaven, and so to become the friends 
of God. It should be ours rather 
to do God s will, than to boast of 
God s power. And we must put off 
from us and thrust away such as 
are by their wicked works already 
estranged from His friendship. 

Antiphon at the Song of Zacharias. 
Beware of false prophets, * which come 
to you in sheep s clothing, but inwardly 
they are ravening wolves. Ye shall 
know them by their fruits. Alleluia. 

Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed 
Virgin. A good tree cannot bring 
forth evil fruit, * neither can a cor 
rupt tree bring forth good fruit. 
Every tree that bringeth not forth 
good fruit, is hewn down and cast 
into the fire. Alleluia. 



<@tgi)tJj Horn s Bag after 



Prayer. 

/^RANT to us, Lord, we beseech 

Thee, the spirit to think and 

do always such things as be rightful, 



374 



PRAYERS, HOMILIES, AND GOSPEL ANTIPHONS 



that we, who cannot do anything that 
is good without Thee, may by Thee 
be enabled to live according to Thy 
will. Through our Lord JESUS Christ 
Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth 
with Thee, in the unity of the Holy 
Ghost, one God, world without end. 
A men. 



Lessons for the Third Nocturn. 
Seventh Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Holy 
Gospel according to Luke (xvi. i.) 

AT that time: JESUS spake this 
parable unto His disciples : 
There was a certain rich man, which 
had a steward ; and the same was 
accused unto him that he had wasted 
his goods. And so on. 

Homily by St Jerome, Priest [at 
Bethlehem.] (Letter 151. To Al- 
gasta.} 

The lord commended the unjust 
steward, because he had done wisely 
though wickedly. The lord, although 
himself defrauded by it, could not 
but praise the shrewdness of his 
dishonest servant, because he had 
cheated him with profit to himself. 
How much more will our Master 
Christ, Who is above any defraud 
ing by us, and is Himself the Great 
Forgiver, praise us if we [win a 
blessing from Him by] deal[ing] in 
dulgently with those who are to 
believe in Him ? 

Eight /i Lesson. 

A FTER this parable the Lord saith : 
" Make to yourselves friends of 
the mammon of unrighteousness." 
This word "mammon" is a Syriac 
(not an Hebrew) word, signifying ill- 
gotten gains. If then even ill-gotten 



gains can be so used by such as 
have them as to profit them, how 
much more can they who, like the 
Apostles, are " stewards of the mys 
teries of God," those true and blame 
less riches, how much more can 
they profit themselves, ( i Cor. iv. 
i,) even everlastingly, by their right 
use of them ? 



Ninth Lesson. 

^THEREFORE it is immediately 
written : " He that is faithful in 
that which is least " that is to say, 
in bodily things " is faithful also in 
much" that is to say, in spiritual 
things. "And he that is unjust in 
the least" that is to say, by not 
giving to his needy brother succour 
of those things which are needful 
for the body, and which God hath 
made for all men, such an one 
" is unjust also in much " that is 
to say, he will deal out spiritual 
things unfairly, this to one and that 
to another, and not according to 
their true spiritual needs. " If there 
fore," saith the Lord, "ye have not 
been faithful in the " use of earthly 
riches which pass away, "who will 
commit to your trust the true and 
abiding riches," that is, the spiritual 
riches of the word of God ? 

Antiphon at the Song of Zacharias. 
The lord said unto his steward : * 
How is it that I hear this of thee ? 
Give an account of thy stewardship. 
Alleluia. 

Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed 
Virgin. What shall I do ? * For 
my lord taketh away from me the 
stewardship. I cannot dig ; to beg, 
I am ashamed. I am resolved what 
to do, that, when I am put out of 
the stewardship, they may receive me 
into their houses. Alleluia. 



FOR THE SUNDAYS AFTER PENTECOST. 



375 



Horn s; ag after 



Prayer. 

T ET Thy merciful ears, O Lord, 
be open to the prayers of Thy 
humble servants ; and, that they may 
obtain their petitions, make them to 
ask such things as shall please Thee. 
Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy 
Son, Who liveth and reigneth with 
Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, 
One God, world without end. Amen. 



Lessons for the Third Nocturn. 

Seventh Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Holy 
Gospel according to Luke (xix. 41.) 

A T that time : When JESUS was 
come near to Jerusalem, He 
beheld the city, and wept over it, say 
ing : If thou hadst known, even thou, 
at least in this thy day, the things 
which belong unto thy peace ! but 
now they are hid from thine eyes. 
And so on. 

Homily by Pope St Gregory [the 
Great.] (39/^ on the Gospels. ,) 

No man that hath read the history 
of the destruction of Jerusalem by the 
Roman Princes Vespasian and Titus, 
can be ignorant that it was of that 
destruction that the Lord spoke when 
He wept over the ruin of the city. It 
is these Princes that are pointed at 
where it is said : " For the days shall 
come upon thee that thine enemies 
shall cast a trench about thee." The 
truth of what folio weth : " They shall 
not leave in thee one stone upon 
another " is even now fulfilled in the 
change of site of the city, which hath 
been re-built round about that place 
without the gates, where the Lord was 



crucified, while the ancient city hath 
been, as I am told, rooted up from 
the very foundations. 

Eighth Lesson. 

HAT the sin of Jerusalem was 
which brought upon her the 
punishment of this destruction, we find 
written after : " Because thou knewest 
not the time of thy visitation." The 
Maker of men, through the mystery of 
His Incarnation, was pleased to visit 
her, but she remembered not to fear 
and to love Him. Hence also the 
Prophet Jeremiah, rebuking the hard 
ness of man s heart, calleth the birds 
of the air to testify against it, saying : 
"The stork in the heaven knoweth 
her appointed time ; and the turtle, 
and the swallow, and the crane, ob 
serve the time of their coming ; but 
my people know not the judgment of 
the LORD." (viii. 7.) 

Ninth Lesson. 

/ "PHE Saviour wept over the ruin of 
the unfaithful city, while she 
herself as yet knew not that it was 
coming. " If thou hadst known," 
said He, " even thou " and we may 
understand Him to have meant "thou 
wouldest thyself have wept, in place 
of making merry as thou now dost, 
knowing not what hangeth over thee." 
And hence He saith farther: "at 
least in this thy day, the things which 
belong unto thy peace." While she 
was giving herself up to fleshly pleas 
ures, and casting no look ahead upon 
coming sorrows, she had still for a 
day in her power the things which 
might have brought unto her peace. 

Antiphon at the Song of Zacharias. 
When the Lord was come near to 
Jerusalem, He beheld the city, and 
wept * over it, saying : If thou hadst 
known, even thou ! For the days 



376 



PRAYERS, HOMILIES, AND GOSPEL ANTIPHONS 



shall come upon thee, that thine 
enemies shall cast a trench about 
thee, and compass thee round, and 
keep thee in on every side ; and shall 
lay thee even with the ground be 
cause thou knewest not the time of 
thy visitation. Alleluia. 

Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed 
Virgin. It is written : My house is 
the house of prayer * for all nations ; 
but ye have made it a den of thieves. 
And He taught daily in the Temple. 



Hippo.] 
Lord.} 



upon the Words of the 



ILorfc s Sag after 



Prayer. 

r\ GOD, Who declares! Thine Al- 
^^ mighty power most chiefly in 
showing mercy and pity, mercifully 
grant unto us such a measure of Thy 
grace, that we, running the way of 
Thy commandments, may obtain Thy 
gracious promises, and be made par 
takers of Thy heavenly treasure. 
Through our Lord JESUS Christ, Thy 
Son, Who liveth and reigneth with 
Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, 
one God, world without end. Amen. 

Lessons for the Third Nocturn. 
Seventh Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Holy 
Gospel according to Luke (xviii. 9.) 

A T that time : JESUS spake this par 
able unto certain which trusted 
in themselves that they were right 
eous, and despised others : Two men 
went up into the Temple to pray, the 
one a Pharisee, and the other a 
publican. And so on. 

Homily by St Austin, Bishop [of 



The Pharisee might at least have 
said, " I am not as many men are." 
But what meaneth " other men " ? All 
other men except himself. " I," said 
he, "am righteous ; others are sinners." 
" I am not as other men are, extor 
tioners, unjust, adulterers," and then 
he took occasion, from the neighbour 
hood of the publican, to plume him 
self "or even," quoth he, "as this 
publican." " I am alone," he thought, 
"that publican is one of the others. 
Mine own right