(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "The Roman Breviary : reformed by order of the Holy cumenical Council of Trent ; published by order of Pope St. Pius V; and revised by Clement VIII., Urban VIII., and Leo XIII ; together with the offices since granted and the martyrology"

THE ROMAN BUEVIARY 






THE ROMAN BREVIARY 

REFORMED BY ORDER OF THE HOLY 
OECUMENICAL COUNCIL OF TRENT; 
PUBLISHED BY ORDER OF POPE ST 
PIUS V.; AND REVISED BY CLEMENT 
VIII., URBAN VIII., AND LEO XIII. 

TOGETHER WITH THE 

OFFICES SINCE GRANTED 
AND THE MARTYROLOGY 



TRANSLATED OUT OF 
LATIN INTO ENGLISH BY 

JOHN, MARQUESS OF BUTE, K.T. 



A NEW EDITION 
FOR USE IN ENGLAND 

IN FOUR VOLS. 
VOL. IV. AUTUMN 



WILLIAM BLACKWOOD AND SONS 

EDINBURGH AND LONDON 
MCMVIII 



All Rights reserved 



CONTENTS. 



PAGE 

THE PIE ......... See vol. i. p. xix 

TWO EASY TABLES .... ... ix 

THE KALENDAR .... xix 

PRAYERS. ABSOLUTIONS AND BLESSINGS . xxxiii 

THE PSALTER 



MATTINS 




SUNDAY . . 


I 


MONDAY ...... 


73 


TUESDAY ... 


92 


WEDNESDAY .... 


108 


THURSDAY . . . . 


123 


FRIDAY 


140 


SATURDAY 


; 157 


LAUDS 




SUNDAY . . . . 


22 


MONDAY ....... 


8 7 


TUESDAY 


105 


WEDNESDAY 


120 


THURSDAY . 


137 


FRIDAY ... 


153 


SATURDAY ......... 


I/I 



VI 



THE PSALTER- 



CONTENTS. 



PRIME 

SUNDAY . 35 

WEEK-DAYS ... 45 

TERCE ... 5 2 

SEXT .... 59 

NONE ..... 66 

VESPERS 

SUNDAY ... .176 

MONDAY . .185 

TUESDAY ... .188 

WEDNESDAY ..... .190 

THURSDAY ... . 1 93 

FRIDAY ... . .197 

SATURDAY .... . 2OO 

COMPLINE . . .205 

PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON- 
SEPTEMBER .213 

OCTOBER .251 

NOVEMBER ..... .285 

PRAYERS, HOMILIES, AND GOSPEL ANTIPHONS . 3 2 3 

THE COMMON OF SAINTS 

FOR APOSTLES EVES .... .345 

FOR APOSTLES AND EVANGELISTS . .346 

FOR ONE MARTYR . . . 366 

FOR MANY MARTYRS . 382 

FOR ONE BISHOP AND CONFESSOR . . . . . . 399 

FOR A CONFESSOR NOT A BISHOP ... . . . 415 

FOR DOCTORS .431 

FOR THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY . . . . . . . 436 

FOR VIRGINS .451 

FOR HOLY WOMEN ......... 464 

FOR DEDICATION OF A CHURCH .- .... 472 



CONTENTS. vii 

PROPER OFFICE OF THE SAINTS- 
FEAST-DAYS IN AUGUST . -493 
SEPTEMBER . 59 
OCTOBER ... 6 4 
NOVEMBER . 7 
,i DECEMBER 

ADDITIONAL SERVICES- 
LITTLE OFFICE OF THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY 793 
OFFICE FOR THE DEAD . 
GRADUAL PSALMS ... 
SEVEN PENITENTIAL PSALMS AND LITANY 
GRACE BEFORE AND AFTER MEAT . 
PRAYERS FOR A JOURNEY 
PREPARATION FOR COMMUNION 
THANKSGIVING AFTER COMMUNION . 
DEVOTIONS AFTER COMMUNION 

THE VOTIVE OFFICES- 
ALL HOLY ANGELS . 8 4 : 
ALL THE HOLY APOSTLES 8 47 
ST JOSEPH, SPOUSE OF THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY . . 849 
THE MOST HOLY SACRAMENT OF THE ALTAR . 

THE PASSION OF OUR LORD JESUS CHRIST 866 

THE IMMACULATE CONCEPTION OF THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY 874 

GENERAL APPENDIX - 8Sl 

OFFICES PECULIAR TO IRELAND . 899 



TWO EASY TABLES. ix 



TWO EASY TABLES, 

COMPILED FROM THE PIE. 



And in which it can be seen at a glance what is to be done 

( I ) When the Second Vespers of one Office fall on the same evening with the First 
Vespers of another Office. 

(2) When two Offices fall on the same day. 

To use these Tables, find the little square in which lines drawn from the 
designations of the two Offices meet at right angles, and then look what direction 
is given underneath the Table, with the number inscribed in the square. 

For instance, in Table A a Double of the Second Class meets a Semi-double 
in a square containing the numeral 4. And 4 gives the Rule " all of the former, 
with a Commemoration of the latter," but if the case be reversed they meet in I, 
and the Service is " all of the latter, nothing of the former." And so in Table B, 
the case of a Double of the Second Class and a Semi-double falling on the same 
day is provided for in 4 and 3, and it is ordered that the Semi-double be com 
memorated and the Double of the Second Class observed, o indicates a case 
which either cannot occur, or which is the subject of special directions in its own 
place. However, it is first needful to know the rank of the different Offices. 



LIST OF FEASTS ACCORDING TO THEIR CLASS. 

Doubles of the First Class. 

Christmas Day. Dec. 25. 
Twelfth-Day. Jan. 6. 
Maundy Thursday. 
Good Friday. 
Holy Saturday. 
Easter Day. 
Easter Monday. 
Easter Tuesday. 
Ascension Day. 
Whitsun Day. 
Whitsun Monday. 
Whitsun Tuesday. 
Corpus Christi. 
The Sacred Heart. 

The Immaculate Conception. Dec. 8. 
Lady Day. March 25. 
VOL. iv. a 2 



TWO EASY TABLES. 

The Assumption. Aug. I 5. 

The Birthday of St John the Baptist. June 24. 

St Joseph. March 19. 

SS. Peter and Paul. June 29. 

All Saints. Nov. i. 

St Thomas of Canterbury. 1 Dec. 29. 

St George. April 23. 

St Augustine of Canterbury. May 26. 

The Dedication of the Particular Church. 

The Feast of the Patron, or Titular of the Particular Church. 

The Feast of the Chief Patron or Patrons of the diocese. 

Doubles of the Second Class. 

The Circumcision. Jan. i. 

The Holy Name. 

The Most Holy Trinity. 

The Most Precious Blood. 

The Finding of the Cross. May 3. 

Candlemas Day. Feb. 2. 

The Visitation. July 2. 

The Birth of the Blessed Virgin. Sept. 8. 

The Solemnity of the Most Holy Rosary. 

Michaelmas Day. Sept. 29. 

The Patronage of St Joseph. 

The Feasts of the Eleven Apostles, and of the Evangelists. 

St Stephen. Dec. 26. 

The Holy Innocents. Dec. 28. 

St Lawrence. Aug. 10. 

St Anne. July 26. 

St Joachim. 

St Gregory the Great. March 12. 

St Edward. Oct. 13. 

Greater Doubles. 

The Commemorations 

Of the Prayer of our Lord, 

Of His Sufferings, 

Of His Coronation, 

Of His Piercing, 

Of His Enshroudment, 

Of His Five Wounds, 

Of His Precious Blood. 
The Transfiguration. Aug. 6. 
The Most Holy Redeemer. Oct. 23. 
The Exaltation of the Cross. Sept. 14. 
Dedication of the Church of St Saviour. Nov. 9. 

1 Regarding the rank of this Feast, see note under his day. 



TWO EASY TABLES. XI 

The Expectation of the Blessed Virgin. Dec. 18. 

Her Espousal. Jan. 23. 

Her Sorrows (the two Feasts). 

The Blessed Virgin styled Help of Christians. May 24. 

The Blessed Virgin styled of Mount Carmel. July 1 6. 

Dedication of St Mary s of the Snows. Aug. 5. 

The Name of Mary. 

The Blessed Virgin styled of Ransom. Sept. 24. 

The Presentation of the Blessed Virgin. 

Her Motherhood. 

Her Purity. 

Her Patronage. 

Manifestation of St Michael. May 8. 

St Gabriel. March 18. 

St Raphael. Oct. 24. 

The Guardian Angels. Oct. 2. 

The Beheading of the Baptist. Aug. 29. 

St Peter s Chair at Rome. Jan. 18. 

St Peter s Chair at Antioch. Feb. 22. 

St Peter s Chains. Aug. I. 

The Conversion of St Paul. January 25. 

Commemoration of St Paul. June 30. 

Dedication of the Churches of SS. Peter and Paul. Nov. 18. 

St John before the Latin Gate. May 6. 

St Barnabas. June i i . 

The Blessed John and his companions. May 4. 

St Bede the Venerable. May 27. 

St Alban. June 22. 

Translation of St Thomas of Canterbury. July 7. 

The Holy Relics (second Sunday in July). 

St Ursula. Oct. 21. 

St Edmund the Martyr. Nov. 20. 

St Benedict. March 2 i . 

St Dominic. Aug. 4. 

St Francis. Oct. 4. 

St Patrick. March 17. 

St Francis Xavier. Dec. 3. 1 

Sundays of the First Class. 

The First Sunday of Advent. 
The First Sunday of Lent. 
Passion Sunday. 
Palm Sunday. 
Easter Sunday. 
Low Sunday. 
Whitsunday. 
Trinity Sunday. 

The Feast was an Ordinary Double when the Office given in this Breviary was printed. 



XI I TWO EASY TABLES. 

Sundays of the Second Class. 

The Second, Third, and Fourth Sundays in Advent. 

Septuagesima Sunday. 

Sexagesima Sunday. 

Quinquagesima Sunday. 

The Second, Third, and Fourth Sundays of Lent. 

Greater Week-days. 
Those of Advent. 
Those of Lent. 
The Ember Days. 
Rogation Monday. 



/;/ the General Appendix will be found the following Greater Doubles. 

Translation of the Holy House of Loreto. 

The Finding of the Child JESUS in the Temple. 

The Holy Home. 

The Blessed Thomas Plumtree and his Companions. 

The Flight of our Lord JESUS Christ into Egypt. 

The Blessed Virgin Mary, styled of Good Counsel. 

The Blessed Virgin Mary, styled the Mother of the Lord our Shepherd. 

Lowliness of the Blessed Virgin Mary. 

The Blessed Virgin Mary, styled Mother of Grace. 

Translation of St Edmund. 

The Blessed Virgin Mary, styled of Perpetual Succour. 

The Blessed John Fisher. 

The Blessed Thomas More. 

Translation of St Cuthbert. 

The Blessed Thomas Percy. 



LIST OF PRIMARY FEASTS. 

I. Doubles of the First Class. 
Christmas. 
Twelfth Day. 
Easter Day. 
The Ascension. 
Whitsun Day. 
Corpus Christi. 
The Immaculate Conception. 
Lady Day. 
The Assumption. 

The Birthday of St John the Baptist. 
St Joseph. 



TWO EASY TABLES. Xlli 

SS. Peter and Paul. 

All Saints. 

St Thomas of Canterbury. 

St George. 

St Augustine of Canterbury. 

The Dedication of the Particular Church. 

The Patron or Titular. 

The principal Patron or Patrons of the district or diocese. 

II. Doubles of the Second Class. 

The Circumcision. 

The Most Holy Trinity. 

Candlemas Day. 

The Visitation. 

The Nativity of the Blessed Virgin. 

Michaelmas Day. 

The Feasts of the Eleven Apostles, and of the Evangelists. 

St Stephen. Dec. 26. 

The Holy Innocents. 

St Lawrence. 

St Anne. 

St Joachim. 

St Gregory the Great. 

St Edward. 

III. Greater Doubles. 

The Transfiguration. 

The Dedication of St Saviour s. 

Dedication of St Mary s of the Snows. 

The Angels Guardian. 

The Dedication of the Basilicas of SS. Peter and Paul. 

St Barnabas. 

St Benedict. 

St Dominic. 

St Francis. 

St Gabriel. 

St Raphael. 

The Blessed John and his Companions. 

St Bede the Venerable. 

St Alban. 

The Holy Relics. 

St Ursula. 

St Edmund the Martyr. 

St Patrick. 

St Francis Xavier. 

IV. Doubles. 
The Birthday (or day kept as such) of each Saint. 



xiv TWO EASY TABLES. 



LIST OF SECONDARY FEASTS. 

I. Doubles of the First Class. 
The Most Sacred Heart of JESUS. 

II. Doubles of the Second Class. 

The Most Holy Name of JESUS. 

The Finding of the Holy Cross. 

The Feast of the Most Precious Blood. 

The Solemnity of the Most Holy Rosary. 

The Patronage of St Joseph. 

III. Greater Doubles. 

The Exaltation of the Holy Cross. 

The Sorrows of the Blessed Virgin (the two Feasts). 

The Blessed Virgin styled of Mount Carmel. 

Her Holy Name. 

The Blessed Virgin styled of Ransom. 

Her Presentation. 

The Manifestation of St Michael. 

The Beheading of St John the Baptist. 

St Peter s Chair at Rome. 

St Peter s Chair at Antioch. 

St Peter s Chains. . 

The Conversion of St Paul. 

The Commemoration of St Paul. 

St John before the Latin Gate. 

The Commemorations 

Of the Prayer of our Lord, 

Of His Sufferings, 

Of His Coronation, 

Of His Piercing, 

Of His Enshroudment, 

Of His Five Wounds, 

Of His Precious Blood. 
Feast of the Most Holy Redeemer. 
The Espousal of the Blessed Virgin. 
Her Motherhood. 
Her Purity. 
Her Patronage. 

The Expectation of the Blessed Virgin. 
The Blessed Virgin styled Help of Christians. 
Translation of St Thomas of Canterbury. 

All other Feasts of our Lord, the Blessed Virgin Mary, and the Saints not 
provided for in these lists. 



TWO EASY TABLES. 



XV 



TABLE A. 



If the Second Vespers of 
























An Higher Sunday (i.e., of the First or 
























Second Class) . . . 


4 


3 


4 


4 


3 


3 


3 


3 


. 


o 




An Ordinary Sunday 


4 


3 


4 


4 


3 


3 


i 


i 


I 


o 




A Double of the First Class . 


2 


4 


2 


4 


4 


4 


6 


4 


6 


4 


















a 


6 


, 


/I 




A Double of the Second Class 




__.. 


__ 


_ 




















A Patron or Titular 


2 


4 


2 


4 


4 


4 


O 


4 


6 


4 




A Greater Double 


4 


4 


4 


4 


4 


6 


I 


3 


I 


4 




A Double . 


4 


5 


4 


4 


5 


3 


I 


3 


I 


4 






4 


o 


4 


5 


3 


3 


I 


i 


I 


5 








__ 

























An Octave-day 


4 


5 


4 


4 


5 


3 


I 


3 


I 


4 




A Day within an Octave 


o 


3 


4 


3 


3 


3 


1 


i 


I 


5 




i . All of the latter, nothing of the former. 
























2. All of the former, nothing of the latter. 


M 


z 


X 


IT 


n 


CJ 





o 


C 





P] 


3. All of the latter, but with a Com 


p 


O 

n 


3 


n 

s 


c 
c 




P 


o 


o 
B 




w 


memoration of the former. 


3 




FT 




cr 
o 


g 


3 

3 


x- 


FT 


c- 


< ft 


4. All of the former, but with a Com 





n 

Pa 









o 


O 
*< 





C 




w w 


memoration of the latter. 


3 


93 




o 







- 


d 


5- 




S 3 


; 5. All of the former till the Chapter, ex 












cr 
o 


^ 


fD 


o 




o _ 


clusive ; then of the latter, from the 


O 












- 









"^ < 


Chapter, inclusive, but with a Com 


p 














O 







s 


memoration of the former. 


o 














:^ 


L 




Crq 


























6. All of the more important, but with 



















c/) 




3. 


a Commemoration of the less 
















X 
C/) 






T 


important ; if equal, Vespers of the 






















ri- 

tr 


latter from the Chapter inclusive. 

























Note. 



At the First Vespers of the Octave-days of the Ascension and of Corpus 
Christi and of other Primary Feasts of our Lord, the whole Service is of the 
Octave. If a Double Feast have occupied the day, it is only commemorated, 



xvi TWO EASY TABLES. 

unless it be of the First or Second Class, in which case the Service is of it, with 
a Commemoration of the First Vespers of the Octave. 

If the Second Vespers of the Octave-days of the Feasts of our Lord which 
are Primary and more solemn, such as those of Twelfth-Day, Easter, the 
Ascension, and the others, clash with the First Vespers of a Double (including 
the Octave-day of St John the Baptist), the Double is only commemorated, 
unless it be of the First or Second Class, the Patron, Titular, or Dedication 
Feast of the particular Church, in which cases the Service is of the Double, 
with a Commemoration of the Second Vespers of the Octave. 

On the Octave-days of Primary Feasts of the Blessed Virgin, the Angels, 
St John the Baptist, St Joseph, and the Holy Apostles, there is only a Com 
memoration made of an Ordinary or Lesser Double that precedes or follows. 

If a Double or Semi-double Feast have been reduced to the condition of a 
Simple according to the Pie, Chap, x., and a Double of the First Class fall 
upon the day before, the reduced Feast is commemorated at the Second Vespers 
of the Double of the First Class only if it is to be commemorated at the Lauds 
of the succeeding day, that is to say of its own day ; but upon Doubles of the 
Second Class such a reduced Feast is commemorated at both Vespers in the 
same way as an Octave-day or a Sunday would be ; but a day within an Octave 
is not commemorated unless the next day s Office be of the same. 

When several Commemorations are to be made, they are arranged in the order 
of i, Privileged Sunday; 2, Octave-Day; 3, Greater Double; 4, Reduced 
Double ; 5, Ordinary Sunday ; 6, Day within the Octave of Corpus Christi ; 
7, Semi-double ; 8, Day within an Octave, reduced to the form of Simple ; 
9, Greater Week-day or Eve; 10, Simple. 



[TABLE B. 



TWO EASY TABLES. 



XVil 



TABLE B. 



If 
































A Double of the First Class 


6 


4 


6 


6 


4 


6 


6 


2 


2 


2 


8 


4 


4 


I 
















6 




2 


2 


p 









| 


















* 


















A Greater Double 
















2 


g 





i 


4" 




I 




































A Double of a Doctor 


4 


4 


4 


4 


i 


4 


Q 


O 


I 


I 


i 


4 





I 




A Double 














7 


o 






r. 
































j 




3 


J 




A Day within an Octave . 


4 


4 


4 


3 


3 


7 


3- 


3 


3 


5 


5 


3 


3 


3 




An Octave-day 


4 


4 


4 


4 


7 


4 


4 


2 


2 


3 


3 


4 


3 


3 




A Semi-double 


4 


4 


4 


7 


3 


4 


3 


3 


3 


3 


5 


3 


3 


3 




A Simple .... 


3 


3 


o 


3 


3 


3 


3 


3 


3 


3 


5 


3 


3 


3 




A Greater Week-day 


6 


o 


4 


3 


3 


3 


3 


3 


3 


3 


3 


o 


o 


o 




An Eve ... 


o 


5 


4 


3 


3 


3 


3 


3 


3 


3 


5 


o 


o 


o 




i. The former is transferred, and 


























, 






the latter observed. 


>* 


P 


^ 


> 




t> 


t> 


|J* 


& 


*> 


1> 





> 


^ 


p 


2. The former is observed, and 
the latter transferred. 


W 
n 


O 

n 
p 


X 

3 




(75 

c 


C 
o 


- 
P 


O 

B 




C 

C 

3- 


r. 

~ 

p 


C 
c 

C 

g 


c 

c 
c 

C 


C 

d. 


x 
3 


J. 

"B 
a 









n 


c 


- 


^ 


2 


5 


n> 


n 


n 


nT 


r 




*<? 


rt 


3. The latter is observed, and 
the former commemorated. 








3 
C 


E3" 


Er 

3" 




8, 

P 


C 


o 
** 


s, 


P 

5 


s, 


o 


en 

P 

3" 






a 






< 








C. 


cr 


^7^ 




-r 


"- 




4. The former is observed, and 
















C 


2 


rt 


c 


3 


n 


n 




the latter commemorated. 




p 








O 




o 

C 




c 
o 


C/l 


D- 


CD 
<T> 

8 


IS 
i* 

Cfl 




5. The former is altogether 
omitted, and the latter 












po 








HL 
rj 


O 
p 




3 

D- 


Q 
p 





observed. 




















ET 






rr 


en 
en 
























en 






M 




j 


6. The former is observed, and 




















f j 






i< J 




j 


thelatter altogether omitted. 
































7. The more important is ob 
































served, and the less im 
































portant commemorated. 
































8. The more important is ob 
































served, and the less im 
































portant transferred. 

































































VOL. IV. 



a 3 



xviil TWO EASY TABLES. 



Note. 

A Double of any sort, even the Patron, Titular, or Dedication Feast of the 
particular Church, if it fall on Dec. 24, Whitsun Eve, Jan. I or 13, Ash 
Wednesday, Holy, Easter, or Whitsun Weeks, Ascension Day, Corpus Christi 
Day, March 25, Aug. 15, Dec. 8, Midsummer Day, March 19, June 29, or 
Nov. i, is transferred, if it can be transferred, but if not, it is simply com 
memorated upon its own day, or totally omitted, as may be directed in the Pie. 

Within the Octave of the Epiphany no Feast can be kept except Double 
Feasts of the First Class, and that with Commemoration of the Octave. Other 
Feasts of Nine Lessons are permanently fixed on the first free day after the 
Octave ; Simples are commemorated only. Within the Octave of Corpus Christi, 
Semi-doubles are reduced to the rank of Simples and commemorated, neither can 
Doubles be transferred thither unless they be of the First or Second Class, and a 
Commemoration is always made of the Octave. Within those Octaves, in which 
the observance of Feasts is allowed, a Semi-double, if it fall on a Sunday, is 
commemorated as prescribed by the Pie. 

The Octaves of Christmas, Twelfth -Day, and Corpus Christi, are com 
memorated at every Vespers and Lauds, whatever be the Office. 

Other Octaves, which are not in the Kalendar, 1 are not observed from Ash 
Wednesday to Low Sunday, or Whitsun Eve to Trinity Sunday, both inclusive, 
or from Dec. 17 to Jan. 6. 

An Octave-day can never be transferred. Therefore, if Corpus Christi fall 
on Midsummer Day, and the Feast of St John were consequently kept on June 
25, July i would be kept as the Octave of Corpus Christi, with a Commemoration 
of the Octave of St John at both Vespers and at Lauds. 

If some other Saints be mentioned in the Kalendar on the same day with the 
Patron or Titular, the Feast of the Patron or Titular alone is observed. If the 
other Feast be a Double or Semi-double, it is permanently fixed on the first free 
day and kept as a Semi-double. If it is a Double of the First or Second Class, 
it is similarly transferred and kept as on its own day. 2 

The Week-days of Advent and Lent, if not kept as such, are always com 
memorated at both Vespers and Lauds, whatever be the Office; Ember Days, 
Eves, and Rogation Monday, at Lauds only. But if an Eve fall in Advent or 
Lent, on an Ember Day, a Double of the First Class, or the Patronal, Titular, 
or Dedication Feast of the particular Church, no notice is taken of it, even in 
Lauds. 

1 But in the diocese of Hexham there is a special privilege permitting the observance of an 
Octave in honour of St Cuthbert. 

- I.e., in that particular Church, it has a day fixed other than elsewhere. 



KALENDAR. XIX 



KALENDAR. 

JANUARY. 

1 . Circumcision of our Lord. Double of the Second Class. 

2. Octave of St Stephen. Double. Commemoration of the Octaves of St 

Thomas of Canterbury, of St John, and of the Holy Innocents. 

3. Octave of St John, Apostle and Evangelist. Double. Commemoration of 

St Thomas of Canterbury, and of the Octave of the Holy Innocents. 

4. Octave of the Holy Innocents, Martyrs. Double. Commemoration of St 

Thomas of Canterbury. 

5. Octave of St Thomas of Canterbury, Martyr. Double. Commemoration of 

the Eve of the Epiphany and of St Telesphorus, Pope of Rome, Martyr. 

6. EPIPHANY OF OUR LORD. Double of the First Class. 

7. Within the Octave of the Epiphany. 

8. Within the Octave. 

9. Within the Octave. 

10. Within the Octave. 

11. Within the Octave. Commemoration of St Hyginus, Pope of Rome, and 

Martyr, 
i 2. Within the Octave. 

* Lord s Day within the Octave of the Epiphany. [The Finding of the Child 

JESUS in the Temple. Greater Double. General Appendix.] 

13. Octave of the Epiphany. Double. 

* Second Lord s Day after the Epiphany. Feast of the Most Holy Name of 

JESUS. Double of the Second Class. Commemoration of the Sunday. 

14. Hilary, Bishop [of Poitiers,] Confessor, and Doctor of the Church. Double. 

Commemoration of St Felix, Priest and Martyr. 

15. Paul, the First Hermit. Double. Commemoration of St Maurus, Abbat. 

1 6. Marcellus, Pope and Martyr. Semi-double. 

17. Antony, Abbat. Double. 

1 8. The Chair of St Peter at Rome. Greater Double. Commemoration of St 

Paul and of St Prisca, Virgin and Martyr. 

19. Wolstan, Bishop [of Worcester,] Confessor. Double. Commemoration of 

SS. Maris, Audifax, Abachum, and Martha, Martyrs. 

* Third Lord s Day after the Epiphany. [The Feast of the Holy Home, 

JESUS, Mary, and Joseph. Greater Double. Gen. App.] 

20. Fabian and Sebastian, Martyrs. Double. 

21. Agnes, Virgin and Martyr. Double. 

22. Vincent and Anastasius. Semi-double. 

23. Espousal of the Blessed Virgin Mary to St Joseph. Greater Double. Com 

memoration of St Joseph and of Emerentiana, Virgin and Martyr. 

24. Timothy, Bishop [of Ephesus,] Martyr. Double. 



XX KALENDAR. 

25. Conversion of St Paul. Greater Double. Commemoration of St Peter. 

26. Polycarp, Bishop [of Smyrna,]] Martyr. Double. 

27. John Chrysostom, Patriarch [of. Constantinople,]] Confessor and Doctor of 

the Church. Double. 

28. Raymond of Penafuerte, Confessor. Semi-double. 1 Commemoration of St 

Agnes for the second time. 

29. Francis de Sales, Bishop [of Geneva,] Confessor, and Doctor of the 

Church. Double. 

30. Martina, Virgin and Martyr. Semi-double. 

\_Double in the Province of Westminster.] 
3 i . Peter Nolasco, Confessor. Double. 

* Friday after Septuagesima Sunday, Prayer of our Lord in the Garden of 

Gethsemane. Greater Double. 

* Friday after Sexagesima Sunday, Sufferings of our Lord. Greater Double. 



FEBRUARY. 

1 . Ignatius, Bishop [of Antioch,] Martyr. Double. 

2. Purification of the Blessed Virgin Mary. Double of the Second Class. 

3. Laurence, Archbishop of Canterbury, Confessor. Double. Commemoration 

of Blase, Bishop of Sebaste in Armenia, Martyr. 

4. Andrew Corsini, Bishop [of Fiesole,] Confessor. Double. 

5. Agatha, Virgin and Martyr. Double. 

6. Titus, Archbishop [of Gortyna in Crete,] Confessor. Double. Commem 

oration of St Dorothy, Virgin and Martyr. 

7. Romuald, Abbat. Double. 

8. John de la Mata, Confessor. Double. 

9. Cyril, Pope of Alexandria, Confessor, and Doctor of the Church. Double. 

Commemoration of St Apollonia, Virgin and Martyr. 

[The Twenty-six Holy Martyrs who suffered in Japan. Double. Gen. 
App.] 

10. Scholastica, Virgin. Double. 

11. Gilbert [of Sempringham,] Confessor. Semi-double. 

12. Benedict Biscop, Abbat, Confessor. Double. 

13. The Seven Founders of the Servite Order, Confessors. Double. 
[Kentigern, Bishop [of Glasgow,] Confessor. Double. Gen. App.] 

14. Valentine, Priest and Martyr. 

[Thomas Plumtree and his Companions, Martyrs. Greater Double. Gen. 
App.] 

15. Faustinus and Jovita, Martyrs. 
16. 

17. [The Flight of our Lord JESUS Christ into Egypt. Greater Double. Gen. 

App.] 

1 8. Simeon, Bishop [of Jerusalem,] Martyr. 
19. 

1 See vol. i. p. 723. 



KALENDAK. XXI 

2O. 
21. 

22. The Chair of St Peter at Antioch. Greater Double. Commemoration of St 

Paul. 

23. Peter Damian, [Cardinal] Bishop [of Ostia,] Confessor, and Doctor of the 

Church. Double. Commemoration of the Eve. 

24. Matthias, Apostle. Double of the Second Class. 
25. 

26. Ethelbert, King of Kent, Confessor. Double. 

27. [Margaret of Cortona, Penitent. Semi-double. Gen. App.] 
28. 

In Leap- Year February has 29 days, the additional day is inserted after the 

23rd, the 24th is then the Eve of St Matthias, and the following days 

are each counted one later, the Feast of St Matthias being the 25th, &c. 

* First Friday in Lent, Coronation of our Lord with Thorns. Greater 

Double. 

Second Friday in Lent, Piercing of Our Lord with Spear and Nails. 
Greater Double. 

Third Friday in Lent, Enshroudment of our Lord. Greater Double. 

Fourth Friday in Lent, The Five Most Holy Wounds of our Lord. 
Greater Double. 



MARCH. 

1. David, Archbishop [of Caerleon,] Confessor. Double. 

2. Chad, Bishop [of Lichfield,] Confessor. Double. 

3. Aelred, Abbat, Confessor. Semi-double. 

4. Casimir, Confessor. Semi-double. Commemoration of St Lucius, Pope ot 

Rome, and Martyr. 

6*. 

7. Thomas of Aquino, Confessor, and Doctor of the Church. Double. Com 

memoration of SS. Perpetua and Felicitas, Martyrs. 

8. Felix, Bishop [of Dunwich,] Confessor. Double. 

9. Frances of Rome, Widow. Double. 

10. The Forty Martyrs. Semi-double. 

11. John of God, Confessor. Double. 

12. Gregory \_the Great,~\ Pope of Rome, Doctor of the Church, and Apostle of 

England. Double of the Second Class. 

3- 

14. 

J 5- 

16. 

17. Patrick, Archbishop [of Armagh,] Confessor. Greater Double. 
i 8. The Archangel Gabriel. Greater Double. 

19. JOSEPH, HUSBAND OF THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY. Double of the First 
Class. 



XX11 KALENDAR. 

20. Cuthbert, Bishop [of Lindisfarne,] Confessor. Double. 

[In the diocese of Hexham and, Newcastle this Feast has an Octave. See 

Gen. App.] 

2 i . Benedict, Abbat and Confessor. Greater Double. 
22. Cyril, Bishop [of Jerusalem,] Confessor, and Doctor of the Church. Double. 

[Edward, King of England, Martyr. Double. Gen. App.] 

2 3- 
24. 

25. ANNUNCIATION OF THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY. Double of the First Class. 

26. [The Penitent Thief. Double. Gen. App.] 

27. John of Damascus, Confessor, and Doctor of the Church. Double. 

28. John of Capistrano, Confessor. Semi- double. 
29. 

3- 
3 1 - 

* Friday in Passion Week, Sorrows of the Blessed Virgin Mary. Greater 
Double. 



APRIL, 
i. 

2. Francis of Paola, Confessor. Double. 

3. Richard, Bishop [of Chichester,] Confessor. Double. 

4. Isidore, Archbishop [of Seville,] Confessor, and Doctor of the Church. 

Double. 

5. Vincent Ferrer, Confessor. Double. 
6. 

7- 
8. 

9- 
10. 

n. Leo the Great, Pope of Rome, Confessor, and Doctor of the Church 

Double. 
12. 

13. Hermenegild, Martyr. Semi-double. 

14. Justin, Martyr. Double. Commemoration of SS. Tiburtius, Valerian, and 

Maximus, Martyrs. 

1 6. 

17. Stephen Harding, Abbat, Confessor. Semi-double. Commemoration of St 

Anicete, Pope of Rome, and Martyr. 
18. 

19. jElphege, Archbishop of Canterbury, Martyr. Double. 
20. 

21. Anselm, Archbishop [of Canterbury,] Confessor, and Doctor of the Church. 

Double. 

22. Soter and Caius, Popes of Rome, and Martyrs. Semi-double. 



KALENDAR. XXlii 

23. GEORGE, MARTYR, PATRON OF ENGLAND. Double of the First Class. 

24. Faithful of Sigmaringen, Martyr. Double. Commemoration of the Octave 

of St George and of St Mellitus, Archbishop of Canterbury. 

25. Mark, Evangelist. Double of the Second Class. 

26. Cletus and Marcellinus, Popes of Rome, and Martyrs. Semi-double. Com 

memoration of the Octave of St George. 

[The Blessed Virgin Mary, styled of Good Counsel. Greater Double. 
Gen. App.] 

27. Egbert, Confessor. Semi-double. Commemoration of the Octave of St 

George. 

28. Paul of the Cross, Confessor. Double. Commemoration of the Octave of 

St George and of St Vitalis, Martyr. 

29. Peter, Martyr. Double. Commemoration of the Octave of St George. 

30. Octave of St George, Martyr. Double. 

* Third Lord s Day after Easter, Patronage of St Joseph. Double of the 

Second Class. Commemoration of the Sunday. 
[In some dioceses this Feast has an Octave. See Gen. App.]] 



MAY. 

1 . Philip and James, Apostles. Double of the Second Class. Commemoration 

of St Asaph, Bishop of St Asaph. 

[* First Lord s Day in May, The Blessed Virgin Mary, styled the Mother 
of the Lord our Shepherd. Greater Double. Gen. App.] 

2. Athanasius, Pope of Alexandria, Confessor, and Doctor of the Church. 

Double. 

3. Finding of the Holy Cross. Double of the Second Class. Commemoration 

of SS. Alexander, Eventius, and Theodulus, Martyrs, and Juvenal, Bishop 
of Narni, Confessor. 

4. John, Cardinal Bishop of Rochester, Thomas More, and their companions, 

Martyrs. Greater Double. 

5. Katharine of Sienna, Virgin. Double. 

6. John, Apostle and Evangelist, before the Latin Gate. Greater Double. 

7. Stanislaw, Bishop [of Crakow,] Martyr. Double. 

8. Manifestation of the Archangel St Michael. Greater Double. 

9. Gregory of Nazianzus, Patriarch [of Constantinople,] Confessor, and Doctor 

of the Church. Double. 

10. Antonine, Archbishop [of Florence,] Confessor. Double. Commemoration 

of SS. Gordian and Epimachus, Martyrs. 

1 1. Pius V., Pope of Rome, Confessor. Double. 

[John Rochester and James Walworth and their Companions, Martyrs. 
Double. Gen. App.] 

12. Nereus, Achilles, the Virgin Domitilla, and Pancras, Martyrs. Semi-double. 
[Lowliness of the Blessed Virgin Mary. Greater Double. Gen. App.] 

13. Walburg, Virgin. Double. 

[4. Monica, Widow. Double. Commemoration of St Boniface, Martyr. 



XXIV KALENDAR. 

15. [Jean-Baptiste de la Salle, Confessor. Double. Gen. App.] 

[The Blessed Virgin Mary, styled Mother of Grace. Greater Double. 
Gen. App.] 

1 6. Simon Stock, Confessor. Double. 

17. Paschal Baylon, Confessor. Double. 

1 8. Venantius, Martyr. Double. 

19. Dunstan, Archbishop [of Canterbury,]] Confessor. Double. Commemora 

tion of St Pudentiana, Virgin. 

20. Bernardine of Sienna. Semi-double. 

2 1 . Peter Celestine, Pope of Rome, Confessor. Double. 

22. Ubald, Bishop [of Gubbio,] Confessor. Semi-double. 

23. John Baptist de Rossi, Confessor. Double. 

24. The Blessed Virgin Mary, styled " Help of Christians." Greater Double. 
[In the dioceses of Shrewsbury and Westminster, Double of the First Class, 

e with an Octave. Gen. App.]] 

25. Aldhelm, Bishop [of Sherborne,] Confessor. Double. Commemoration of 

St Urban, Pope of Rome, and Martyr. 

26. AUGUSTINE, ARCHBISHOP OF CANTERBURY, CONFESSOR, APOSTLE OF ENGLAND. 

Double of the First Class. 

27. Bede the Venerable, Confessor, and Doctor of the Church. Greater Double. 

Commemoration of the Octave of St Augustine and of St John I., Pope 
of Rome, and Martyr. 

28. Gregory VII., Pope of Rome, Confessor. Double. Commemoration of the 

Octave of St Augustine. 

[The Blessed Margaret Pole, Countess [of Salisbury,] Martyr. Double. 
Gen. App.] 

29. Eleutherius, Pope of Rome, Martyr. Double. Commemoration of the 

Octave of St Augustine. 

30. John of Nepomuc, Martyr. Double. Commemoration of the Octave of St 

Augustine and of St Felix, Pope of Rome, and Martyr. 

31. Angela Merici, Virgin. Double. Commemorations of the Octave of St 

Augustine and of St Petronilla, Virgin. 

* Third Lord s Day after Pentecost, the Most Sacred Heart of JESUS. 
Double of the First Class. Commemoration of the Sunday. 



JUNE. 

1. Within the Octave of St Augustine of Canterbury. 

2. Octave of St Augustine of Canterbury. Double. Commemoration of SS. 

Marcellinus, Peter, and Elmo, Martyrs. 

3. Mary Magdalen de Pazzi, Virgin. Double. 

4. Francis Caracciolo, Confessor. Double. 

5. Boniface, Archbishop [of Maintz,] Martyr. Double. 

[In the diocese of Plymouth, a Double of the First Class, with an Octave. 
Gen. App.] 

6. Norbert, Archbishop [of Magdeburg,] Confessor. Double. 
7- 



KALENDAR. XXV 

8. William, Archbishop of York, Confessor. Double. 

9. Primus and Felician, Martyrs. 

[_In the diocese of Portsmouth, Translation of St Edmund, Archbishop of 

Canterbury, Confessor. Greater Double. Gen. App.] 
10. Margaret, Queen of Scots, Widow. Double. 
I i . Barnabas, Apostle. Greater Double. 

12. John of San Fagondez. Double. Commemoration of SS. Basilides, Cyrinus, 

Nabor, and Nazarius, Martyrs. 

13. Anthony of Padua, Confessor. Double. 

14. Basil the Great, Archbishop [of Cassarea-in-Pontus,] Confessor and Doctor 

of the Church. Double. 

15. Philip Neri, Confessor. Double. Commemoration of SS. Vitus, Modestus, 

and Crescentia, Martyrs. 

1 6. 

17. Botolph, Abbat, Confessor. Semi-double. 

[Lord s Day before the birth of St John the Baptist, the Blessed Virgin 
Mary, styled of Perpetual Succour. Greater Double. Gen. App.] 

1 8. Mark and Marcellian, Martyrs. 

19. Juliana de Falconieri, Virgin. Double. Commemoration of SS. Gervase 

and Protase, Martyrs. 

20. Silverius, Pope of Rome, and Martyr. 

21. Aloysius Gonzaga, Confessor. Double. 

22. Alban, Proto-Martyr of Britain. Greater Double. Commemoration of 

Paulinus, Bishop of Nola, Confessor. 

[First Free Day after June 22, the Blessed John Fisher, Cardinal Bishop of 
Rochester, Martyr. Greater Double. Gen. App.]] 

23. Etheldreda, Virgin. Double. Commemoration of Midsummer Eve. 

24. BIRTH OF ST JOHN THE BAPTIST. Double of the First Class. 

25. William, Abbat, Confessor. Double. Commemoration of the Octave of St 

John. 

26. John and Paul, Martyrs. Double. Commemoration of the Octave of St 

John. 

27. Within the Octave of the Birth of St John. 

28. Leo II., Pope of Rome, and Confessor. Semi-double. Commemoration of 

the Octave of St John, and of the Eve of the Apostles. 

29. PETER AND PAUL, APOSTLES. Double of the First Class. 
[Commemoration of all the Holy Apostles. Gen. App.] 

30. Commemoration of St Paul. Greater Double. Commemoration of St Peter, 

and of the Octave of St John. 



JULY. 



* First Lord s Day in July, the Most Precious Blood of our Lord JESUS 
Christ. Double of the Second Class. Commemoration of the Sunday. 

Octave of the Birth of St John the Baptist. Double. Commemoration of 
the Octave of SS. Peter and Paul. 



XXVI KALENDAR. 

2. Visitation of the Blessed Virgin Mary. Double of the Second Class. Com 

memoration of SS. Processus and Martinian, Martyrs. 

3. Within the Octave of the Apostles. 

4. Within the Octave of the Apostles. 

5. Anthony Mary Zaccaria, Confessor. Double. Commemoration of the 

Octave of the Apostles. 

6. Octave of the Holy Apostles Peter and Paul. Double. 

[First Free Day after July 6, the Blessed Thomas More, Martyr. Greater 
Double. Gen. App.] 

7. Translation of Thomas, Archbishop [of Canterbury] , Martyr. Greater Double. 
* Second Lord s Day in July, the Holy Relics. Greater Double. Com 
memoration of the Sunday. 

8. Isabel, Queen of Portugal, Widow. Semi-double. 

9. Willibald, Bishop of Eichstad, Confessor. Double. 

10. The Seven Brethren and the Holy Virgins Rufina and Secunda, all Martyrs. 

Semi-double. 

11. Cyril, Bishop of Moravia, and Methodius, Bishop of Kieff, Confessors. 

Double. Commemoration of St Pius I., Pope and Martyr. 

12. John Gualberto, Abbat [of Passignano,] Double. Commemoration of SS. 

Nabor and Felix, Martyrs. 

13. Anaclete, Pope of Rome, and Martyr. Semi-double. 

14. " Buona- ventura, [Cardinal] Bishop [of Albano,] Confessor, and Doctor 

of the Church. Double. 

1 5. Swithun, Bishop [of Winchester,] Confessor. Double. 
[The Division of the Apostles. Double. Gen. App.] 

[Third Sunday in July, Commemoration of All the Holy Bishops of Rome. 
Double. Gen. App.] 

1 6. The Blessed Virgin Mary, styled of Mount Carmel. Greater Double. 
[In the diocese of Salford, Double of the First Class. Gen. App.] 

17. Osmund, Bishop [of Salisbury,] Confessor. Double. 

1 8. Camillus de Lelli, Confessor. Double. Commemoration of St Symphorosa 

and her Seven Sons, Martyrs. 

19. Vincent de Paul, Confessor. Double. 

20. Jerome Miani, Confessor. Double. Commemoration of St Margaret, Virgin 

and Martyr. 

21. Henry II., Emperor of the Romans, Confessor. Semi-double. Commem 

oration of St Praxedes, Virgin. 

22. Mary Magdalen. Double. 

23. Apollinaris, Bishop [of Ravenna,] Martyr. Double. Commemoration of St 

Liborius, Bishop of Mans, Confessor. 

24. Alexis, Confessor. Semi-double. Commemoration of the Eve of St James, 

and of St Christina, Virgin and Martyr. 

25. James, Apostle. Double of the Second Class. Commemoration of St Chris 

topher, Martyr. 

26. Anne, Mother of the Blessed Virgin Mary. Double of the Second Class. 
[/ the diocese of Leeds, Double of the First Class. Gen. App.] 

27. Pantaleon, Martyr. 

28. Nazarius, Celsus, and Victor, Martyrs, and Innocent, Pope of Rome, and 

Confessor. Semi-double. 



KALENDAR. XXV ii 

29. Martha, Virgin. Semi-double. Commemoration of SS. Felix, Simplicius, 

Faustinus, and Beatrix, Martyrs. 

30. Germanus, Bishop of Auxerre, Confessor. Double. Commemoration of SS. 

Abdon and Sennen, Martyrs. 

3 1 . Ignatius, Confessor. Double. 



AUGUST. 

1. The Chains of St Peter. Greater Double. Commemoration of the Holy 

Machabees, Martyrs. 

2. Alphonsus Mary de Liguori, Bishop [of Santa-Agata-de -Goti,] Confessor, 

and Doctor of the Church. Double. Commemoration of St Stephen, 
Pope of Rome, and Martyr. 

3. Finding of the body of St Stephen, the First Martyr. Semi-double. 

4. Dominick, Confessor. Greater Double. 

5. Dedication of St Mary s of the Snows. Greater Double. 

6. Transfiguration of our Lord. Greater Double. Commemoration of St 

Xystus, Pope of Rome, and SS. Felicissimus and Agapitus, Martyrs. 

7. Gaetan, Confessor. Double. Commemoration of St Donatus, Bishop of 

Arezzo, Martyr. 

8. Cyriacus, Largus, and Smaragdus, Martyrs. Semi-double. 

9. Oswald, King of the Northumbrians, Martyr. Double. Commemoration of 

the Eve of St Lawrence, and of St Romanus, Martyr. 

10. Lawrence, Martyr. Double of the Second Class. 

11. Within the Octave of St Lawrence. Commemoration of SS. Tiburtius and 

Susanna. 

12. Clare, Virgin. Double. Commemoration of the Octave of St Lawrence. 

13. Within the Octave of St Lawrence. Commemoration of SS. Hippolytus 

and Cassian, Martyrs. 

14. Within the Octave of St Lawrence. Commemoration of the Eve of the 

Assumption, and of St Eusebius, Confessor. 

1 5. ASSUMPTION OF THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY. Double of the First Class. 

* The Lord s Day within the Octave of the Assumption, St Joachim, Con 
fessor, Father of the Blessed Virgin Mary. Double of the Second Class. 
Commemoration of the Sunday. 

1 6. Hyacinth, Confessor. Double. Commemoration of the two Octaves. 

17. Octave of St Lawrence. Double. Commemoration of the Octave of the 

Assumption. 

1 8. Helen, Empress of the Romans, Widow. Double. Commemoration of the 

Octave of the Assumption, and of St Agapitus, Martyr. 

19. Within the Octave of the Assumption. 

20. Bernard, Abbat [of Clairvaux,] Confessor, and Doctor of the Church. 

Double. Commemoration of the Octave of the Assumption. 

21. Jeanne Frances Fremiot de Chantal, Widow. Double. Commemoration of 

the Octave of the Assumption. 

22. Octave of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary. Double. Com 

memoration of SS. Timothy, Hippolytus, and Symphorian, Martyrs. 



XXVlll KALENDAR. 

* The Lord s Day after the Octave of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin 
Mary. [Office of the Most Pure Heart of the Blessed Virgin. Greater 
Double. Vol. iii., Gen. App., p. 1028 ; vol. iv., Gen. App., p. 916.]] 

23. Philip Benizzi, Confessor. Double. Commemoration of the Eve of St 

Bartholomew. 

24. Bartholomew , Apostle. Double of the Second Class. 

25. Louis IX., King of France, Confessor. Semi-double. 

26. Zephyrinus, Pope of Rome, and Martyr. 

27. Joseph Casalanz, Confessor. Double. 

28. Austin, Bishop [of Hippo,] Confessor, and Doctor of the Church. Double. 

Commemoration of St Hermes, Martyr. 

29. Beheading of St John the Baptist. Greater Double. Commemoration of St 

Sabina, Martyr. 

30. Rose of Lima, Virgin. Double. Commemoration of SS. Felix and him 

that joined him, Martyrs. 

31. Aidan, Bishop [of Lindisfarne,] Confessor. Double. 



SEPTEMBER. 

1. Raymond the Unborn, Confessor. Double. Commemoration of St Giles, 

Abbat, and of the Twelve Holy Brethren, Martyrs. 

2. Stephen, King of Hungary, Confessor. Semi-double. 

4. [Translation of St Cuthbert, Bishop [of Lindisfarne] and Confessor. Greater 

Double in the diocese of Hex ham. Gen. App.] 

5. Lawrence de Giustiniani, Patriarch of Venice, Confessor. Semi-double. 
6. 

7- 

8. Birth of the Blessed Virgin Mary. Double of the Second Class. Commem 

oration of St Adrian, Martyr. 

" The Lord s Day within the Octave, The Holy Name of the Blessed Virgin 
Mary. Greater Double. Commemoration of the Sunday. 

9. Within the Octave of the Birth of the Blessed Virgin. Commemoration of 

St Gorgonius, Martyr. 
10. Nicolas of Tolentino. Double. Commemoration of the Octave of the Birth 

of the Blessed Virgin, 
i i. Within the Octave of the Birth of the Blessed Virgin. Commemoration of 

SS. Protus and Hyacinth, Martyrs. 

12. Within the Octave of the Birth of the Blessed Virgin. 

13. Within the Octave of the Birth of the Blessed Virgin. 

14. Uplifting of the Holy Cross. Greater Double. Commemoration of the 

Octave of the Birth of the Blessed Virgin. 

15. Octave of the Birth of the Blessed Virgin. Double. Commemoration of St 

Nicomede, Martyr. 

* Third Lord s Day in this Month, The Seven Sorroivs of the Blessed Virgin 
Mary. Greater Double. Commemoration of the Sunday. 



KALENDAR. xxix 

1 6. Cornelius, Pope of Rome, and Cyprian, Bishop of Carthage, Martyrs. 

Semi-double. Commemoration of SS. Euphemia, Lucy, and Geminian, 
Martyrs. 

17. Marking of the Body of St Francis with the marks of Our Lord. Double. 

1 8. Joseph of Cupertino, Confessor. Double. 

19. Januarius, Bishop [of Benevento,] and his Companions, Martyrs. Double. 

20. Eustace, Agapitus, Theopistus, and Theopista, Martyrs. Double. Com 

memoration of the Eve of St Matthew. 

21. Matthew, Apostle and Evangelist. Double of the Second Class. 

22. Thomas of Villanueva, Archbishop [of Valencia,] Confessor. Double. 

Commemoration of St Maurice and his Companions, Martyrs. 

23. Linus, Pope of Rome, and Martyr. Semi-double. Commemoration of St 

Thecla, Virgin and Martyr. 

24. The Blessed Virgin Mary, styled " of Ransom." Greater Double. 

25. Ninian, Bishop [of Galloway,] Confessor. Double. 

26. Theodore, Archbishop of Canterbury, Confessor. Double. Commemoration 

of SS. Cyprian and Justina, Martyrs. 

27. Cosmas and Damian, Martyrs. Semi-double. 

28. Wenceslaus, Duke [of Bohemia,] Martyr. Semi-double. 

29. Dedication of the Church of St Michael, the Archangel. Double of the Second 

Class. 

[In the dioceses of Menevia and Newport, ST MICHAEL AND ALL ANGELS. 
Double of the First Class. Gen. App.] 

30. Jerome, Priest, Confessor, and Doctor of the Church. Double. Com 

memoration of St Honorius, Archbishop of Canterbury. 



OCTOBER. 

* First Lord s Day in the Month, The Holy Rosary of the Blessed Virgin 

Mary. Double of the Second Class. Commemoration of the Sunday. 

1 . Remy, Bishop of Rheims, Confessor. Simple or Semi-double at will. 

2. The Guardian Angels. Greater Double. 

3. Thomas, Bishop of Hereford, Confessor. Double. 

4. Francis, Confessor. Greater Double. 

5. Placidus and his Companions, Martyrs. 

6. Bruno, Confessor. Double. 

7. Mark, Pope of Rome, Confessor. Commemoration of SS. Sergius and his 

Companions, Martyrs. 

* Second Lord s Day in the Month. Motherhood of the Blessed Virgin Mary. 

Greater Double. Commemoration of the Sunday. 

8. Bridget, Princess of Nericia, Widow. Double. 

9. Denys, Bishop of Paris, Rusticus, and Eleutherius, Martyrs. Semi-double. 
10. Paulinus, Archbishop of York, Confessor. Double. 

IT. Francis Borgia, Confessor. Semi-double. 

12. Wilfred, Archbishop [of York,] Confessor. Double. 

13. Edward, King of England, Confessor. Double of the Second Class. 



XXX KALENDAR. 

14. Kallistus, Pope of Rome, Martyr. Double. Commemoration of the Octave 

of St Edward. 

* Third Lord s Day in the Month, Purity of the Blessed Virgin Mary. 

Greater Double. Commemoration of the Sunday. 

15. Theresa, Virgin. Double. Commemoration of the Octave of St Edward. 

16. Within the Octave of St Edward. 

17. ladwiga, Widow. Semi-double. Commemoration of the Octave of St 

Edward. 

1 8. Luke, Evangelist. Double of the Second Class. 

19. Peter of Alcantara, Confessor. Double. Commemoration of the Octave 

of St Edward. 
[In the diocese of Shrewsbury, Double of the First Class. Gen. App.] 

20. Octave of St Edward. Double. 

21. Ursula and her Companions, Virgins and Martyrs. Greater Double. Com 

memoration of St Hilarion, Abbat. 

* Fourth Lord s Day in the Month, Patronage of the Blessed Virgin Mary. 

Greater Double. Commemoration of the Sunday. 

22. John of Kenty, Confessor. Double. 

23. Feast of the Most Holy Redeemer. Greater Double. 

24. The Archangel Raphael. Greater Double. 

25. John of Beverley, Archbishop [of York,] Confessor. Double. Commem 

oration of SS. Chrysanthus and Daria, Martyrs. 

26. Evaristus, Pope of Rome, Martyr. 

27. Eve of SS. Simon and Jude. 

28. Simon and Jude -, Apostles. Double of the Second Class. 
29. 

30- 

31. Eve of All Saints. 



NOVEMBER. 

1. FEAST OF ALL THE SAINTS. Double of the First Class. 

2. Within the Octave of All Saints. Commemoration of all the Faithful 

Departed. 

3. Winefrid, Virgin and Martyr. Double. Commemoration of the Octave of 

All Saints. 

4. Charles, [Cardinal] Archbishop [of Milan,] Confessor. Double. Com 

memoration of the Octave of All Saints, and of Saints Vitalis and 
Agricola, Martyrs. 

5. Within the Octave of All Saints. 

6. Within the Octave of All Saints. 

7. Within the Octave of All Saints. 

8. Octave of All Saints. Double. Commemoration of the Four Crowned 

Martyrs. 

9. Dedication of the Cathedral Church of Our Most Holy Saviour. Greater 

Double. Commemoration of St Theodore, Martyr. 



KALENDAR. XXXI 

10. Andrew Avellino, Confessor. Double. Commemoration of SS. Tryphon, 

Respicius, and the Virgin Nympha, Martyrs, and of St Justus, Bishop of 
Rochester, Confessor. 

11. Martin, Bishop [of Tours,] Confessor. Double. Commemoration of St 

Mennas, Martyr. 

12. Martin, Pope of Rome, Martyr. Semi-double. 

13. Diego, Confessor. Semi-double. 

14. Erconwald, Bishop of London, Confessor. Double. 

[Thomas Percy, Earl of Northumberland, Martyr. Greater Double. Gen. 

App.] 
i 5. Gertrude, Virgin. Double. 

1 6. Edmund Rich, Archbishop of Canterbury, Confessor. Double. 

[In the diocese of Portsmouth, EDMUND OF CANTERBURY. Double of the 
First Class. Gen. App.] 

17. Hew, Bishop of Lincoln, Confessor. Double. 

1 8. Dedication of the Churches of SS. Peter and Paul. Greater Double. 

19. Elizabeth, Widow. Double. Commemoration of St Pontian, Pope of 

Rome, and Martyr. 

20. Edmund, King of the East Angles, Martyr. Greater Double. 

21. Presentation of the Blessed Virgin Mary. Greater Double. 

22. Cecily, Virgin and Martyr. Double. 

23. Clement, Pope of Rome, Martyr. Double. Commemoration of St Felicity, 

Martyr. 

24. John of the Cross, Confessor. Double. Commemoration of St Chrysogonus, 

Martyr. 

25. Katharine, Virgin and Martyr. Double. 

26. Sylvester, Abbat, Confessor. Double. Commemoration of St Peter, Pope 

of Alexandria, Martyr. 

27. Gregory, the Wonder-worker, Bishop [of Neo-Cassarea in Pontus,] Con 

fessor. Double. 

28. Jehoshaphat, Archbishop of Polotsk, Martyr. Double. 

29. Willibrord, Archbishop of Utrecht, Confessor. Double. Commemoration of 

the Eve of St Andrew, if out of Advent, and of St Saturninus, Martyr. 
[Cuthbert Maine, Martyr. Double. Gen. App.] 

30. Andrew , dpost/e. Double of the Second Class. 



DECEMBER. 

1. Felix de Valois, Confessor. Double. 

[Edmund Campion and his Companions, Martyrs. Double. Gen. App.] 

2. Bibiana, Virgin and Martyr. Semi-double. 

3. Francis Xavier, Confessor. Doubled- 

4. Peter Chrysologus, Archbishop [of Ravenna,] Confessor, and Doctor of the 

Church. Double. Commemoration of St Barbara, Virgin and Martyr. 

1 Since raised to the rank of a Greater Doiible. 



XXX11 KALENDAR. 

5. Brian, Bishop [of Dorchester,] Confessor. Double. Commemoration of St 

Saba, Abbat. 

6. Nicolas, Archbishop [of Myra,] Confessor. Double. 

[In diocese of Liverpool, Double of the First Class. Gen. App.] 

7. Ambrose, Bishop [of Milan,] Confessor, and Doctor of the Church. 

Double. 

8. IMMACULATE CONCEPTION OF THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY. Double of the 

First Class. 

9. Within the Octave of the Conception. 

10. Within the Octave of the Conception. Commemoration of St Melchiades, 

Pope of Rome, Martyr. 
[Translation of the Holy House of Loreto. Greater Double. Gen. App.] 

1 1 . Damasus, Pope of Rome, Confessor. Semi-double. Commemoration of the 

Octave of the Conception. 

12. Within the Octave of the Conception. 

13. Lucy, Virgin and Martyr. Double. Commemoration of the Octave of the 

Conception. 

14. Within the Octave of the Conception. 

15. Octave of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin. Double. 

1 6. Eusebius, Bishop [of Vercelli,] Martyr. Semi-double. 

*7r 

1 8. The Blessed Virgin Mary looking shortly to be delivered. Greater Double. 
19. 

20. Eve of St Thomas. 

21. Thomas, Apostle. Double of the Second Class. 
22. 

2 3- 

24. Christmas Eve. 

25. BIRTHDAY OF OUR LORD JESUS CHRIST. Double of the First Class. 

26. Stephen, the First Martyr. Double of the Second Class. Commemoration 

of the Octave of Christmas. 

27. John, Apostle and Evangelist. Double of the Second Class. Commemora 

tion of the Octaves of Christmas and of St Stephen. 

28. The Holy Innocents. Double of the Second Class. Commemoration of the 

Octaves of Christmas, of St Stephen, and of St John. 

29. THOMAS, ARCHBISHOP OF CANTERBURY, MARTYR. Double of the First 

Class. 1 Commemoration of the Octaves of Christmas, [of St Stephen, 
of St John, and of the Innocents.] 

30. Office of the Sunday within the Octave of Christmas, or of the Octave. 

Commemorations of the Octaves of [Christmas,] of St Thomas of 
Canterbury, of St Stephen, of St John, and of the Innocents. 

31. Silvester, Pope of Rome, Confessor. Double. Commemoration of the 

Octaves of Christmas, of St Thomas of Canterbury, of St Stephen, 
of St John, and of the Innocents. 

1 See the note to the Office in the Breviary. 



PRAYERS. ABSOLUTIONS AND BLESSINGS. xxxiii 

PRAYERS. ABSOLUTIONS AND BLESSINGS. 

A PRAYER BEFORE A SERVICE. 

O Lord, open Thou my mouth that I may bless Thy Holy Name. Cleanse 
my heart from all vain, evil, and wandering thoughts ; enlighten my under 
standing ; kindle my affections, that I may pray to, and praise Thee with 
attention and devotion ; and may worthily be heard before the presence of 
Thy Divine Majesty. Through Christ our Lord. Amen. 

Lord, in union with that Divine Intention wherewith Thou didst Thyself 
praise God, while as Thou wast on earth, I offer these Hours unto Thee. 

A PRAYER AFTER A SERVICE. 

In respect of which Pope Leo X. has granted to all persons who after saying 
the Divine Office shall devoutly recite it on their knees , condonation of the shortcomings 
and faults committed by them from human frailty in saying the Office. 

To the Most Holy and undivided Trinity, to the Manhood of our Lord 
JESUS Christ Crucified, to the fruitful Virginity of the most blessed and most 
glorious Mary, always a Virgin, and to the holiness of all the Saints be ascribed 
everlasting praise, honour, and glory, by all creatures, and to us be granted the 
forgiveness of all our sins, world without end. Amen. 

Verse. Blessed be the womb of the Virgin Mary which bore the Son of 
the Eternal Father. 

Answer. And blessed be the paps which gave suck to Christ our Lord. 

Then are said the Lord s Prayer and the Angelic Salutation. 



SUMMARY OF THE ABSOLUTIONS AND BLESSINGS PRONOUNCED AT MATTINS. 

In the First Nocturn^ and on Monday and Thursday. 

Absolution. 

Graciously hear, O Lord JESUS Christ, the prayers of Thy servants, and 
have mercy upon us: Who livest and reignest with the Father, and the Holy 
Ghost, world without end. Amen. 

First Blessing. 

May the Eternal Father bless us 
With an eternal blessing. Amen. 

Second Blessing. 

May the Son, the Sole-begotten, 
Mercifully bless and keep us. Amen. 



XXxiv PRAYERS. ABSOLUTIONS AND BLESSINGS. 

Third Blessing. 

May the grace of God the Spirit 

All our heart and mind enlighten. Amen. 

In the Second Nocturn, and on Tuesday and Friday. 
Absolution. 

May His loving-kindness and mercy help us, Who liveth and reigneth with 
the Father, and the Holy Ghost, world without end. Amen. 

Fourth Blessing. 

God the Father Omnipotent, 

Be to us merciful and clement. Amen. 

Fifth Blessing. 

May Christ to all His people give, 
For ever in His sight to live. Amen. 

Sixth Blessing. 

May the Spirit s fire Divine 

In our hearts enkindled shine. Amen. 

In the Third Nocturn, and on Wednesday and Saturday. 
Absolution. 

May the Almighty and merciful Lord loose us from the bonds of our 
sins. Amen. 

Seventh Blessing. 

May the Gospel s holy lection 

Be our safety and protection. Amen. 

Eighth Blessing. 

God s most mighty strength alway 

Be His people s staff and stay. Amen. 

For Feasts of Saints. 

He (or she or they) whose feast-day we are keeping, 
Be our Advocate (or Advocates) with God. 

For Feasts of the Blessed Virgin. 

She whose feast-day we are keeping 
Mary, blessed Maid of Maidens, 
Be our Advocate with God. 



PRAYERS. ABSOLUTIONS AND BLESSINGS. XXXV 

Ninth Blessing. 

May He that is the Angels King 

To that high realm His people bring. Amen. 

Or, if another Gospel and Homily are to be begun, 

May the Gospel s glorious word 
Cleansing to our souls afford. 

On days of Three Lessons the Absolution and Blessings are as above, according 
to the Week-day, with the following exceptions : First Blessing on Wednesday or 
Saturday, (not the Simple Office of the Blessed Virgin,) if the First Lesson be 
not Gospel with Homily, 

May His blessing be upon us 
Who doth live and reign for ever. 

Whenever the First Lesson is Gospel with Homily, the Blessings are from the 
Third Nocturn. 

If the Office be of a Saint or Saints, the Blessings are : 

First Blessing. 

May His blessing be upon us 
Who doth live and reign for ever. 

Second Blessing. 

He (or she or they) whose feast-day we are keeping, 
Be our Advocate (or Advocates) with God. 

Third Blessing. 

May He that is the Angels King 

To that high realm His people bring. Amen. 

The Absolution and Blessings in the Simple OJice of the Blessed Firgin for 
Saturdays are peculiar to that OJice, and are given in their own place. 



Cite |)galt*r, 



OR, 



BOOK OF PSALMS, 

DIVIDED ACCORDING TO THE DAYS OF THE WEEK, TOGETHER WITH 
THE ORDINARY OFFICE FOR THE DIFFERENT SEASONS. 



MATTINS, 1 OR MORNING PRAYER. 

FOR THE LORD S DAY, SUNDAY. 



Before Mat tins, and every other 
Hour, except Lauds and Compline, 
there is said inaudibly? 



Father, Who art in heaven, 
Hallowed be Thy Name. 
Thy kingdom come. Thy will be 
done on earth, as it is in heaven. 
Give us this day our daily bread. 
And forgive us our trespasses, as we 
forgive them that trespass against us. 
And lead us not into temptation ; 
but deliver us from evil. Amen. 



HAIL, Mary, full of grace ; 
The Lord is with thee : 
blessed art thou among women, 
and blessed is the fruit of thy 
womb, JESUS. 

Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray 
for us sinners, now and at the hour 
of our death. Amen. 

At the beginning of Mat tins and 
Prime, and at the end of Compline, 
is then said inaitdibly the Apostles 
Creed. 



1 The proper hour for Mattins is midnight, at which time it is said in many Convents. 
In others it is said at 2 or 5 A.M. In the Cathedral of Rome (St. John Lateran s) and 
other Churches of the same country, the hour is about 7 A.M. It is allowable to say it at 
any hour after the sun has begun to decline, and an ordinary practice is to do so late in the 
afternoon. 

- The reason why the Lord s Prayer and the Apostles Creed are recited inaudibly during 
the Office seems to be, that in the early Church these formulae were concealed from the 
unbaptized until very shortly before their baptism. Now, all were allowed to be present 
at the Office, of which these formulae are a part, and therefore they were then so said that 
the unbaptized could not hear them. The " Hail, Mary," having been added as a sort of 
appendix to the Lord s Prayer, follows the same rule with it. The Lord s Prayer is said 
aloud during the Canon of the Mass, because only the faithful were then present. 

VOL. IV. A 



THE PSALTER. 



T BELIEVE in God the Father 
^ Almighty, Maker of heavjen 
and earth. And in JESUS Christ, 
His only Son, our Lord : Who 
was conceived by the Holy Ghost, 
born of the Virgin Mary, suffered 
under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, 
dead, and buried : He descended 
into hell : the third day He rose 
again from the dead : He ascended 
into heaven, and sitteth on the right 
hand of God the Father Almighty : 
from thence He shall come to judge 
the quick and the dead. I be 
lieve in the Holy Ghost, the Holy 
Catholic Church, the Communion 
of Saints, the Forgiveness of sins, 
the Resurrection of the body, and 
the Life everlasting. Amen. 

Then is said aloud : 

Versed ^ O LORD, open Thou 
my lips. 

Answer. And my mouth shall 
show forth Thy praise. 

Verse? ^ Make haste, O God, 
to deliver me. 

Answer. Make haste to help me, 
O LORD. 

Glory be to the Father, and to the 
Son, and to the Holy Ghost. 

3 As it was in the beginning, is 
now, and ever shall be, world with 
out end. Amen, Alleluia. 4 

From Sepluagesima Sunday to 
Maundy Thursday instead of Alleluia 
is said: 



Ceaseless praise to Thee be given, 
O Eternal King of heaven. 

Then is said Psalm xciv. with the 
Invitatory. The Invitatory here given 
is said from the Octave of the Epiph 
any to Septiiagesima Sunday, and 
from the Octave of Pentecost to Ad 
vent Sunday. 

Invitatory. Let us worship the 
Lord, for * He is our Maker. 

Repetition. Let us worship the 
Lord, for * He is our Maker. 



Psalm XCIV. 5 

[Vulgate and LXX., "A song of praise 
by David."] 

OCOME, let us sing unto the 
LORD, let us make a joyful 
noise to the God of our Salva 
tion : let us come before His 
presence with thanksgiving, and 
make a joyful noise unto Him 
with psalms. 

Let us worship the Lord, for He 
is our Maker. 

For the LORD is a great God, and 
a great King above all gods : for the 
Lord will not cast off His people : 
for in His hand are all the ends of 
the earth ; and the heights of the 
hills are His also. 

He is our Maker. 

For the sea is His, and He made 
it : and His hands formed the dry 
land : 6 O come, let us worship 
and fall down ; let us cry unto the 



1 Ps. 1. 17. 2 Ps. Ixix. 2. 

3 The Greek original of this Doxology does not contain the words, "As it was in the 
beginning" (inserted against the Arians), but runs thus : " Glory be to the Father, and to 
the Son, and to the Holy Ghost, both now, and ever, and to the ages of ages. Amen." 

4 Or rather, "Hal lu-YAH," " Praise-ye-the- Eternal," a Hebrew phrase which occurs 
repeatedly in the Bible. The sound of these words causes the Church such joy that she 
denies herself their use during her penitential season. But in order not to remit the praise of 
God, she substitutes for the Hebrew phrase a short rhyming Latin one, of similar meaning. 

5 This Psalm is not given in the original from the Vulgate, but from some other Latin 
translation. 6 Here it is usual to kneel till the *. 



SUNDAY AT MATTINS. 



LORD our Maker. * For He is 
the Lord our God ; and we are 
His people, and the sheep of His 
pasture. 

Let us worship the Lord, for He 
is our Maker. 

To-day if ye will hear His voice, 
harden not your heart ; as in " the 
Provocation," and as in the day of 
" Temptation " in the wilderness : 
when your fathers tempted Me, 
proved Me, and saw My works. 1 

He is our Maker. 

Forty years long was I grieved 
with that generation 2 and said, It is 
a people that do alway err in their 
heart, and they have not known My 
ways : unto whom I sware in My 
wrath that they should not enter 
into My rest. 

Let us worship the Lord, for He 
is our Maker. 

Glory be to the Father, and to 
the Son, and to the Holy Ghost. 
As it was in the beginning, is now, 
and ever shall be, world without 
end. Amen. 

He is our Maker. 

Let us worship the Lord, for He 
is our Maker. 

The following Hymn is then said, 
from the Octave of the Epiphany to the 
First Sunday in Lent, and from thejirst 
Sunday of October to Advent. 



HYMN. 3 

HTO-DAY the Blessed Three in One 
* Began the earth and skies ; 
To-day a Conqueror, God the Son, 

Did from the grave arise ; 
We too will wake, and, in despite 
Of sloth and languor, all unite, 
As Psalmists bid, through the dim night 

Waiting with wistful eyes. 

So may He hear, and heed each vow, 

And prayer to Him addrest ; 
And grant an instant cleansing now, 

A future glorious rest. 
So may He plentifully shower, 
On all who hymn His love and power, 
In this most still and sacred hour, 
His sweetest gifts and best. 

Father of purity and light ! 

Thy presence if we win, 
Twill shield us from the deeds of night, 

The burning darts of sin ; 
Lest aught defiled or dissolute 
Relax our bodies or imbrute, 
And fires eternal be the fruit 

Of fire now lit within. 

Fix in our hearts, Redeemer dear, 

The ever-gushing spring 
Of grace to cleanse, of life to cheer 

Souls sick and sorrowing. 
Thee, bounteous Father, we entreat, 
And only Son, awful and sweet, 
And life-creating Paraclete, 

The Everlasting King. 

Amen. 

Instead of the foregoing the follow 
ing Hymn is said from the Octave of 
Pentecost to the Jirst Sunday of Oc 
tober. 



1 The occasion here referred to is that described in Exodus xvii. 1-7. The children of 
Israel while travelling through the desert became rebellious from want of water. It was 
given them from the smitten rock. Then is added : " And he [Moses] called the name of 
the place Temptation" (Hebrew and LXX. add "and Provocation"), "because of the 
chiding of the children of Israel, and because they tempted the LORD, saying : Is the LORD 
among us, or not?" 

2 Namely, that particular generation which had come out of Egypt. The next clauses 
relate to that which is written in Numbers xiv. 22 :" Because all these men which have 
seen My glory, and My miracles, which I did in Egypt, and in the wilderness, have tempted 
Me now these ten times, and have not hearkened to My voice, surely they shall not see the 
land which I sware unto their fathers, neither shall any of them that provoked Me see it." 
And this is confirmed -with an oath, in verse 28 : "As truly as I live, saith the LORD, as ye 
have spoken in Mine ears, so will I do to you : your carcasses shall fall in this wilderness." 

3 Ascribed to Pope St. Gregory the Great, but altered, one verse omitted, and the last 
verse added. Translation by the late Card. Newman. 



THE PSALTER. 



HYMN. 1 

T ET us arise and watch by nigh t, 
* < And meditate always ; 
And chant as in our Maker s sight 
United hymns of praise. 

So singing with the saints in bliss, 
With them we may attain 

Life everlasting after this, 
And heaven for earthly pain. 

Grant this, O Father, Only Son, 
And Spirit, God of grace, 

To whom all worship shall be done 
In every time and place. 

Amen. 

When the Invitatories, Hymns, &*c., 
are different from the above they are 
given in the Office to which they be 
long. 

FIRST NOCTURN, OR WATCH OF 
THE NIGHT. 

Antiphon for Advent. Behold, 
there cometh the King. 

Antiphon for the rest of the year. 
Serve the LORD. 

Antiphon for Paschal tune. Al 
leluia. 

Psalm I. 

"DLESSED is the man that walk- 
*-* eth not in the counsel of the 
ungodly, nor standeth in the way of 
sinners, * nor sitteth in the seat of 
the scoffers : 

But his delight is in the Law of 
the LORD ; * and in His Law doth 
he meditate day and night. 

And he shall be like a tree 
planted by the rivers of water, * 
that bringeth forth his fruit in his 
season : 

His leaf also shall not wither : 
* and whatsoever he doeth shall 
prosper. 



Not so are the ungodly, not so : 
* but are like the chaff which the 
wind driveth away from the face of 
the earth. 

Therefore the ungodly shall not 
stand in the judgment : * nor sin 
ners in the congregation of the 
righteous. 

For the LORD knoweth the way 
of the righteous : * but the way of 
the ungodly shall perish. 

Glory be to the Father, and to 
the Son, * and to the Holy Ghost. 

As it was in the beginning, is 
now, and ever shall be, * world 
without end. Amen. 

This Doxology is said at the end of 
every Psalm unless special directions 
are given to the contrary. 

Psalm II. 

[In Acts iv. 25, 26, the authorship of this 
Psalm is attributed to David.] 

"\ \ ^HY do the heathen rage, * 
* * and the peoples devise a 
vain thing? 

The kings of the earth set them 
selves, and the rulers take counsel 
together * against the LORD, and 
against His Anointed. 

Let us break their bands asun 
der : * and cast away their yoke 
from us. 

He That sitteth in the heavens 
shall laugh them to scorn : * and 
the Lord shall have them in de 
rision. 

Then shall He speak unto them 
in His wrath : * and plague them in 
His sore displeasure. 

Yet hath He set me for King 
upon His holy hill of Zion * to de 
clare His decree. 



1 Also ascribed to Pope St. Gregory the Great, although somewhat altered. Translation 
by the late Card. Newman. 



SUNDAY AT MATTINS. 



The LORD hath said unto me : 
* Thou art My Son, this day have 
I begotten thee. 

Ask of Me, and I shall give 
thee the heathen for thine inheri 
tance, * and the uttermost parts 
of the earth for thy possession. 

Thou shalt rule them with a rod 
of iron, * and shalt dash them in 
pieces like a potter s vessel. 

Be wise now, therefore, O ye 
kings ; * be instructed, ye judges 
of the earth. 

Serve the LORD with fear : * and 
rejoice with trembling before Him. 

Lay hold of instruction, lest the 
Lord be angry, * and ye perish from 
the righteous way. 

When His wrath is kindled sud 
denly, * blessed are all they that 
put their trust in Him. 

Psalm III. 

[Intituled "A Psalm of David, when he 
fled from Absalom his son." See the his 
tory in 2 Kings (Sam.) xv., xvi., xviii.] 

T ORD, how are they increased 
that trouble me ? * many are 
they that rise up against me. 

Many there be that say of my 
soul : * There is no help for him 
in his God. 1 

But Thou, O LORD, art a shield 
for me, * my glory, and the Lifter 
up of mine head. 

I cried unto the LORD with my 
voice : * and He heard me out of 
His holy hill. 2 

I laid me down and slept ; * I 
awaked, for the LORD sustained me. 

I will not be afraid of thousands 



of people that have set themselves 
against me round about : * arise, O 
LORD, save me, O my God. 

For Thou hast smitten all them 
that fought against me without a 
cause 3 : * Thou hast broken the 
teeth of the ungodly. 

Salvation belongeth unto the 
LORD : * and Thy blessing is upon 
Thy people. 2 

Psalm VI. 

[Intituled "A Psalm of David." The 
title also contains directions, probably musi 
cal, the meaning of which is now uncertain.] 

LORD, rebuke me not in 
Thine anger : * neither 
chasten me in Thine hot dis 
pleasure. 

Have mercy upon me, O LORD, 
for I am weak : * O LORD, heal me, 
for my bones are shaken. 

My soul also is sore vexed : * but 
Thou, O LORD, how long ? 

Return, O LORD, deliver my soul : 
* O save me for Thy mercy s sake. 

For in death there is no one that 
remembereth Thee : * and in the 
grave who shall give Thee thanks ? 

I am weary with my groaning, 
every night I wash my bed : * I 
water my couch with my tears. 

Mine eye is grown dim because 
of grief: * I am waxen old because 
of all mine enemies. 

Depart from me, all ye workers 
of iniquity : * for the LORD hath 
heard the voice of my weeping. 

The LORD hath heard my suppli 
cation : * the LORD hath received 
my prayer. 



1 Here occur in the Hebrew the letters SLH, or " Selah." The meaning of this is un 
certain. Gesenius thinks "it seems to have been used to mark a short pause in singing 
the words of the Psalm, so that the singer would be silent, while the instrumental music 
continued." 2 SLH, again. 

3 But the Hebrew reads, not, " without a cause," but, "on the jaw-bone." 



THE PSALTER. 



Let all mine enemies be ashamed 
and sore vexed : * let them return 
and be ashamed suddenly. 

Antiphon for Advent. Behold, 
there cometh the King, even the 
Most High, with great power, to 
save the nations. Alleluia. 

Antiphon for the rest of the year. 
1 Serve the LORD with fear, and re 
joice with trembling before Him. 

In Paschal time there is only one 
Antiphon to the whole Nocturn. 

Second Antiphon for Advent. 
Strengthen ye. 

Second Antiphon for the rest of the 
year. God is a righteous judge. 

Psalm VII. 

[Intituled " An Hymn of David, which 
he sang unto the LORD concerning the words 
of Cush the Benjamite." This Gush is sup 
posed to be the same as Shimei, whose curs 
ing of David is narrated in 2 Kings (Sam.) 
xvi. 7, 8, or else a nickname for Saul.] 

OLORD my God, in Thee do 
I take refuge : * save me 
from all them that persecute me, 
and deliver me. 

Lest he tear my soul like a lion, * 
while there is none to deliver, or to 
save. 

O LORD my God, if I have done 
this, * if there be iniquity in mine 
hands ; 

If I have requited with evil them 
that requited me [with good], * may 
I then flee empty before mine 
enemies. 

Let the enemy persecute my soul, 
and take it, yea, let him tread down 
my life upon the earth, * and lay 
mine honour in the dust. 2 
1 Ps. ii. ii. 



Arise, O LORD, in Thine anger : 

* and lift up Thyself against the 
borders of mine enemies. 

And awake for me, O Lord my 
God, according to the decree that 
Thou hast made : * so shall the 
congregation of the people com 
pass Thee about. 

For their sakes, therefore, return 
Thou on high : * the LORD judgeth 
the peoples. 

Judge me, O LORD, according to 
my righteousness, * and according 
to mine integrity that is in me. 

let the wickedness of the 
wicked come to an end, and es 
tablish the just; * God trieth the 
hearts and reins. 

Mine help is righteous, coming 
from the Lord, * Who saveth the 
upright in heart. 

God is a righteous judge, strong 
and patient : * is He not provoked 
every day ? 

If ye turn not, He will whet His 
sword : * He hath bent His bow and 
made it ready. 

And hath fitted thereon the in 
struments of death, * He hath 
ordained His arrows against the 
persecutors. 

Behold, he travaileth with iniquity : 

* he hath conceived mischief, and 
brought forth falsehood. 

He made a pit and digged it : * 
and is fallen into the ditch which he 
made. 

His mischief shall return upon 
his own head : * and his iniquity 
shall come down upon his own 
pate. 

1 will praise the LORD according 
to His righteousness : * and will 
sing praise to the name of the 
LORD Most High. 

2 SLH. 



SUNDAY AT MATTINS. 



Psalm VIII. 

[Intituled "A Psalm of David." It has 
also a title which seems to show that it was 
a song for the vintage.] 

OLORD, our Lord, * how ex 
cellent is Thy Name in all 
the earth ! 

For Thy glory is exalted * above 
the heavens. 

1 Out of the mouth of babes and 
sucklings hast Thou perfected praise 
because of Thine enemies, * that 
Thou mightest destroy the enemy 
and the avenger. 

When I consider Thine heavens, 
the work of Thy fingers : * the moon 
and the stars which Thou hast or 
dained : 

What is man, that Thou art mind 
ful of him ? * or the son of man, 
that Thou visitest him ? 

Thou hast made him a little lower 
than the angels, Thou hast crowned 
him with glory and honour, * and 
madest him to have dominion over 
the works of Thine hands. 

Thou hast put all things under 
his feet, * all sheep and oxen, yea, 
and the beasts of the field. 

The fowl of the air, and the fish 
of the sea, * that pass through the 
paths of the sea. 

LORD, our Lord, * how excel 
lent is Thy Name in all the earth ! 

Psalm IX. 

[Intituled "A Psalm of David." It has 
also a superscription the meaning of which 
is not now certain. The Targum connects 
it with the slaying of Goliath.] 

T WILL praise Thee, O LORD, 
* with mine whole heart : * I will 
show forth all Thy marvellous works. 

1 will be glad and rejoice in 



Thee : * I will sing praise to Thy 
Name, O Thou Most High. 

When mine enemies are turned 
back, * they shall fall and perish at 
Thy presence. 

For Thou hast maintained my 
right and my cause : * Thou satest 
in the throne judging right. 

Thou hast rebuked the heathen, 
and the wicked are perished : 
Thou hast put out their name for 
ever, even for ever and ever. 

The swords of the enemy have 
failed utterly : * and their cities 
Thou hast destroyed. 

Their memorial is perished with 
a crash : * and the LORD endureth 
for ever. 

He hath prepared His throne for 
judgment : * and He shall judge 
the world in righteousness, He shall 
minister judgment to the people in 
uprightness. 

The LORD also is a refuge for the 
poor : * a refuge in times of trouble. 

And let them that know Thy 
name put their trust in Thee : * for 
Thou, LORD, hast not forsaken them 
that seek Thee. 

Sing praises to the LORD, Who 
dwelleth in Zion : * declare among 
the people His doings. 

For when He maketh inquisition 
for blood He remembereth them : * 
He forgetteth not the cry of the 
afflicted. 

Have mercy upon me, O LORD : 
* consider my trouble [which I 
suffer] of them that hate me. 

Thou That liftest me up from the 
gates of death : * that I may show 
forth all Thy praises in the gates of 
the daughter of Zion ! 

I will rejoice in Thy salvation : * 



1 This verse was quoted by our Lord, concerning those who cried Hosannah on Palm 
Sunday, Matthew xxi. 1 6. 



8 



THE PSALTER. 



the heathen are sunk down in the 
pit that they made. 

In the net which they hid, * is 
their own foot taken. 

The LORD is known when He 
executeth judgment : * the wicked 
is snared in the work of his own 
hands. 1 

The wicked shall be turned into 
hell : * all the nations that forget 
God. 

For the needy shall not alway be 
forgotten : * the expectation of the 
poor shall not perish for ever. 

Arise, O LORD, let not man pre 
vail : * let the heathen be judged in 
Thy sight. 

Put Thou a master over them, O 
LORD : * let the nations know them 
selves to be but men. 2 

Why standest Thou afar off, O 
LORD, * why hidest Thou Thyself 
in times of trouble ? 

The wicked in his pride doth per 
secute the poor : * they are taken 
in the devices that they have im 
agined. 

For the wicked is praised accord 
ing to his soul s desire : * and the 
unrighteous is deemed blessed. 

The wicked provoketh the LORD : 
* in the greatness of his scornful 
indignation he doth not care. 

God is not before his eyes : * his 
ways are always grievous. 

Thy judgments are far out of his 
sight : * he hath dominion over his 
enemies. 

He hath said in his heart : * I 
shall not be moved unto generation 
and generation, yea, I shall never 
be in adversity. 

His mouth is full of cursing, and 



1 Here occurs: "Instrumental music SLH. 
Gesenius opinion, see p. 5, note i. 

2 SLH. Here, according to the present Hebrew text, ends Ps. ix. 



bitterness, and fraud : * under his 
tongue is mischief and sorrow. 

He sitteth in the lurking-places 
with the rich : in the secret places 
* doth he murder the innocent. 

His eyes are privily set against 
the poor : * he lieth in wait secretly, 
as a lion in his den. 

He lieth in wait to catch the 
poor : * to catch the poor when 
he draweth him [after him]. 

In his snare doth he bring him 
down : * yet shall he himself totter 
and fall down, when he hath mas 
tered the poor. 

He hath said in his heart : God 
hath forgotten : * He turneth away 
His face so that He shall never see it. 

Arise, O LORD, O God, lift up 
Thine hand : * forget not the 
afflicted. 

Wherefore doth the wicked pro 
voke God? * for he hath said in 
his heart : He will not require it. 

Thou seest it, for Thou beholdest 
labour and sorrow : * to deliver 
them into Thine own hand. 

The poor leaveth himself unto 
Thee: * Thou wilt be the helper 
of the fatherless. 

Break Thou the arm of the 
wicked and the evil man : * his 
wickedness shall be sought after and 
shall not be found. 

The LORD shall be King for ever 
and ever : * the heathen shall perish 
out of His land. 

The LORD hath heard the petition 
of the poor : * Thine ear hath heard 
the desire of his heart. 

To judge the fatherless and the 
oppressed, * that man may magnify 
himself no more upon earth. 

This is a strong argument in favour of 



SUNDAY AT MATTINS. 



Psalm X. 

[Intituled " Of David." There is also a 
superscription perhaps musical, but now of 
uncertain meaning.] 

IN the LORD put I my trust ; 
how say ye to my soul, * 
Flee as a bird to the mountain? 

For lo, the wicked bend their 
bow, they make ready their arrows 
in the quiver, * that they may 
privily shoot at the upright in 
heart. 

For they have destroyed that 
which Thou hast established : * 
and what hath the righteous done ? 

The LORD is in His holy temple : 
* the LORD S throne is in heaven. 

His eyes behold the poor : * His 
eyelids try the children of men. 

The LORD trieth the righteous 
and the wicked : * but he that 
loveth iniquity hateth his own soul. 

Upon the wicked He shall rain 
spares : * fire, and brimstone, and 
an horrible tempest, this shall be 
the portion of their cup. 

For the righteous LORD loveth 
righteousness : * His countenance 
doth behold uprightness. 

Antiphon for Advent. l Strengthen 
ye the weak hands : be strong ; say : 
Behold, our God will come, and 
save us, Alleluia. 

Antiphon for the rest of the year. 
2 God is a righteous judge, strong, 
and patient : is He not provoked 
every day? 

Third Antiphon for Advent. Re 
joice, all ye. 

Third Antiphon for the rest of the 
year. Thou shalt keep us. 

Psalm XI. 

[Intituled "A Psalm of David," with some 
other words, of meaning now uncertain, as 
before.] 

1 Isa. xxxv. 3, 4. 
VOL. IV. 



TTELP, LORD, for the godly 
^ -- man ceaseth : * for the truth 
faileth from among the children of 
men. 

They speak vanity every one with 
his neighbour : * with flattering lips, 
with a double heart, do they speak. 

The LORD shall cut off all flat 
tering lips, * and the tongue that 
speaketh proud things. 

Who have said : With our tongue 
will we prevail, our lips are our 
own : * who is lord over us ? 

For the oppression of the poor, 
and the sighing of the needy, * now 
will I arise, saith the LORD. 

I will set him in safety : * I will 
deal faithfully with him. 

The words of the LORD are pure 
words : * silver tried in a furnace, 
purged of dross, purified seven times. 

Thou shalt keep us, O LORD, and 
preserve us * from this generation 
for ever. 

The wicked walk on every side : 
* the increase of men is according 
to Thy secret counsel. 

Psalm XII. 

[This Psalm has the same title as the 
last.] 

HOW long wilt Thou forget 
me, O LORD ? for ever ? * 
How long hidest Thou Thy face 
from me ? 

How long shall I take counsel 
in my soul, * having sorrow in mine 
heart daily ? 

How long shall mine enemy be 
exalted over me ? * Consider, and 
hear me, O LORD my. God. 

Lighten mine eyes, lest I sleep the 
sleep of death : * lest mine enemy 
say : I have prevailed against him. 



Ps. vii. I2. 1 



A 2 



10 



THE PSALTER. 



Those that trouble me will re 
joice if I am moved : * but I have 
trusted in Thy mercy. 

Mine heart shall rejoice in Thy 
salvation ; I will sing unto the LORD 
because He hath dealt bountifully 
with me : * and I will sing praise 
to the name of the Lord Most 
High. 

Psalm XIII. 
[Same title as Psalm x.] 

fool hath said in his heart : 
* There is no God. 
They are corrupt, and have be 
come abominable in their works : 

* there is none that doeth good, 
no, not one. 

The LORD looked down from 
heaven upon the children of men : 

* to see if there were any that did 
understand, or seek God. 

They are all gone aside, they are 
altogether become unprofitable : * 
there is none that doeth good, no, 
not one. 

1 Their throat is an open sepul 
chre : with their tongues they have 
used deceit : * the poison of asps is 
under their lips. 

Their mouth is full of cursing and 
bitterness : * their feet are swift to 
shed blood. 

Destruction and misery are in 
their ways, and the way of peace 
they have not known : * there is no 
fear of God before their eyes. 

Have all the workers of iniquity 
no knowledge, * who eat up my 
people as they would eat bread ? 

They call not upon the LORD : * 
there were they in great fear, where 
no fear was ; 



For the Lord is in the generation 
of the righteous : ye have shamed 
the counsel of the poor : * because 
the LORD is his hope. 

O that the salvation of Israel were 
come out of Zion ! * when the 
LORD bringeth back the captivity of 
His people, Jacob shall rejoice and 
Israel shall be glad. 

Psalm XIV. 
[Intituled "A Psalm of David."] 

T ORD, who shall abide in Thy 
J tabernacle ? * who shall 
dwell in Thine holy hill? 

He that walketh uprightly, * and 
worketh righteousness. 

He that speaketh the truth in his 
heart, * he that deceiveth not with 
his tongue. 

He that hath not done evil to his 
neighbour, * nor taken up a reproach 
against his neighbour. 

In whose eyes a vile person is 
despised : * but he honoureth them 
that fear the LORD. 

He that sweareth to his neighbour, 
and deceiveth him not, * he that 
putteth not out his money to usury, 
nor taketh reward against the in 
nocent. 

He that doeth these things, * 
shall never be moved. 

Antiphon for Advent. 2 Rejoice, 
all ye, and be glad : for, behold, the 
Lord will come with vengeance, He 
will bring a recompense : He will 
come and save us. 

Antiphon for the rest of the year. 
3 Thou shalt keep us, O LORD, and 
preserve us. 



1 The next three verses are not in the Hebrew, although found in the Vulgate and the 
LXX., which are supported by Rom. iii. 13-18. 

- Isa. xxxv. 4. 3 p Si xi- 8> 



SUNDAY AT MATTINS. 



II 



Antiphon for Paschal time. Al 
leluia. * The stone was rolled away, 
Alleluia, from the door of the sepul 
chre. Alleluia, alleluia. 

Then is said a Verse and Answer. 
In Advent. 

Verse. 2 Out of Zion, the Per 
fection of beauty. 

Answer. Our God shall come 
manifestly. 

During the rest of the year. 

Verse. B I have remembered Thy 
name, O LORD, in the night. 

Answer. And have kept Thy 
law. 

In Lent. 

Verse. 4 He hath delivered me 
from the snare of the fowler. 

Answer. And from the noisome 
pestilence. 

In Passion time. 

Verse. 5 O God, deliver my soul 
from the sword. 

Answer. And my darling from 
the power of the dog. 

In Paschal time. 

Verse. The Lord is risen from 
the grave, Alleluia. 

Answer. Who hung for us upon 
the tree, Alleluia. 

Then is said the Lord s Prayer. 

Father (inaudibly), Who 
art in heaven, Hallowed be 
Thy Name. Thy kingdom come. 
Thy will be done on earth, as it is 



in heaven. Give us this day our 
daily bread. And forgive us our 
trespasses, as we forgive them that 
trespass against us. (Aloud .) 

Verse. And lead us not into 
temptation. 

Answer. But deliver us from 
evil. 

Then this Absolution. 



hear, O Lord 
Jesus Christ, the prayers of 
Thy servants, and have mercy upon 
us : Who livest and reignest with 
the Father and the Holy Ghost, 
world without end. 
Answer. Amen. 

Then the reader says : 

6 Sir, be pleased to give the bless 
ing. 

First Blessing. 

May the Eternal Father bless us 
With an everlasting blessing. 
Answer. Amen. 

Then is read the First Lesson, and at 
the end the reader says : 

But Thou, O Lord, have mercy 
upon us. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

Then is said the First Responsory, 
after which the reader says : 

Sir, be pleased to give the bless 



ing. 



Second Blessing. 



May the Son the Sole-begotten 
In His mercy bless and help us. 
Answer. Amen. 

3 Ps. cxviii. 55. 



1 Mark xvi. 3. 2 Ps. xlix. 2.. 

4 Ps. xc. 3. 5 Ps. xxi. 20. 

6 Some persons bound to say the Office, when reciting alone, are accustomed to substi 
tute for this the words, " Command Thy blessing, O Lord ! " 



12 



THE PSALTER. 



Then is read the Second Lesson, and 
at the end the reader says : 

But Thou, O Lord, have mercy 



upon us. 
Answer. 



Thanks be to God. 



Then is said the Second Responsory, 
after which the reader says ; 

Sir, be pleased to give the bless 
ing. 

Third Blessing. 

May the grace of God the Spirit 
All our heart and mind enlighten. 
Answer. Amen. 

Then is read the Third Lesson, and 
at the end the reader says : 

But Thou, O Lord, have mercy 
upon us. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

Then is said the Third Responsory. 

SECOND NOCTURN, OR WATCH OF 
THE NIGHT. 

Antiphon for Advent. Rejoice 
greatly. 

Antiphon for the rest of the year. 
Thou hast no need. 

Antiphon for Paschal time. Al 
leluia. 

Psalm XV. 

[Intituled a work "of David," but the 
specifically descriptive word is not now of 
certain meaning.] 

PRESERVE me, O Lord, for in 
Thee do I put my trust : * 
I have said unto the LORD : Thou 
art my God, for Thou hast no need 
of my goods. 

To the Saints that are in His 
land, * He hath made all my will 
admirable. 

Their sorrows are multiplied, * 
that hasten after [a strange god]. 

1 Zech. ix. 9. 



In their assemblies for blood- 
shedding will I have no part : * nor 
mention their names with my lips. 

The LORD is the portion of mine 
inheritance, and of my cup : 
Thou art He That shalt restore 
mine inheritance unto me. 

The lines are fallen unto me in 
pleasant places : * yea, I have a 
goodly heritage. 

I will bless the LORD, Who hath 
given me counsel : * my reins also 
instruct me in the night seasons. 

I have set the LORD always be 
fore my face : * because He is at 
my right hand, I shall never be 
moved. 

Therefore mine heart is glad, and 
my tongue rejoiceth : * my flesh 
also shall rest in hope, 

For Thou wilt not leave my soul 
in hell : * neither wilt Thou suffer 
Thine Holy One to see corruption. 

Thou hast shown me the path 
of life, Thou shalt fill me with joy 
in Thy presence : * at Thy right 
hand there are pleasures for ever 
more. 

Antiphon for Advent. x Rejoice 
greatly, O daughter of Jerusalem : 
behold, thy King cometh into thee, 
O Zion ; fear not, for thy salvation 
cometh quickly. 

Antiphon for the rest of the year. 
2 Thou hast no need of my goods, 
in Thee do I put my trust, preserve 
me, O Lord. 

In Paschal time there is only one 
Antiphon to the whole Nocturn. 

Second Antiphon for Advent. 
Christ our King. 

Second Antiphon for the rest of 
the year. By the words. 

- PS. XV. I, 2. 



SUNDAY AT MATTINS. 



Psalm XVI. 
[Intituled "A Prayer of David."] 

HEAR my right, O LORD, * 
attend unto my cry. 

Give ear unto my prayer, * that 
goeth not out of feigned lips. 

Let my sentence come forth from 
Thy presence : * let Thine eyes be 
hold the things that are equal. 

Thou hast proved mine heart, 
and visited it by night : * Thou 
hast tried me with fire, and found 
no wickedness in me. 

That my mouth may not speak 
concerning the works of men : * by 
the words of Thy lips I have kept 
me to strait paths. 

Hold up my goings in Thy paths, 
* that my footsteps slip not. 

I have called upon Thee, for 
Thou hast heard me, O God ; * in 
cline Thine ear unto me, and hear 
my speech. 

Show Thy marvellous loving- 
kindness, * O Thou That savest 
them which put their trust in Thee ! 

From those that rise up against 
Thy right hand keep me > * as the 
apple of the eye. 

Hide me under the shadow of 
Thy wings, * from the face of the 
wicked that oppress me. 

Mine enemies compass my soul 
round about, they are inclosed in 
their own fat : * with their mouth 
they speak proudly. 

They that drave me out have 
now compassed me : * they have 
set their eyes bowing down to the 
earth. 

They have lain in wait for me, as 
a lion that is ready for his prey : * 
and as it were a young lion lurking 
in secret places. 

1 John i. 36. . 



Arise, O LORD, disappoint him, 
and cast him down : * deliver my 
soul from the wicked, Thy sword 
from them that hate Thine hand. 

O LORD, part them in their life 
from the precious things of the 
earth : * their belly is filled with 
Thine hidden treasure. 

They have children to the full : * 
and leave the rest of their substance 
to their babes. 

As for me, I will behold Thy face 
in righteousness : * I shall be satis 
fied when Thy glory shall appear. 

Antiphon for Advent. Christ 
our King cometh, l Whom John 
preached, saying ; Behold the Lamb 
That should come ! 

Antiphon for the rest of the year. 
2 By the words of Thy lips I have 
kept me to strait paths. 

Third Antiphon for Advent. Be 
hold, I come. 

Third Antiphon for the rest of the 
year. I will love Thee. 

When this Antiphon is tised the 
Psalm begins with the words, " O 
LORD, my strength." 

Psalm XVII. 

[After a superscription, of meaning now 
uncertain, the title of this Psalm proceeds, 
" Of David, the servant of the LORD, who 
spake unto the LORD the words of this song, 
in the day that the LORD delivered him 
from the hand of all his enemies, and from 
the hand of Saul : and he said : : It is 
found also, with a few slight differences, in 
2 Kings (Sam.) xxii.] 

I WILL love Thee, O LORD, 
my strength : * the LORD is 
my rock, and my fortress, and 
my Deliverer. 

My God, mine Helper, * in 
Whom I trust. 

2 Ps. xvi. 4. 



THE PSALTER. 



My buckler, and the horn of my 
salvation, * and my refuge. 

I called upon the LORD with 
praises, * and am saved from mine 
enemies. 

The sorrows of death compassed 
me : * and the floods of wicked 
ness made me afraid. 

The sorrows of hell compassed 
me about : * the snares of death 
came upon me. 

In my distress I called upon the 
LORD, * and cried unto my God. 

And He heard my voice out of 
His holy temple : * and my cry 
came before Him, even into His 
ears. 

The earth shook and trembled : 

* the foundations of the hills moved 
and quaked, because He was wroth. 

There went up a smoke in His 
wrath, and fire burst forth before 
His presence : * coals were kindled 
by it. 

He bowed the heavens also, and 
came down : * and darkness was 
under His feet. 

And He rode upon the Cherubim l 
and did fly : * yea, He did fly upon 
the wings of the wind. 

And He made darkness His secret 
place, His pavilion round about 
Him : * dark waters, thick clouds 
of the skies. 

At the brightness that was be 
fore Him, the thick clouds passed, 

* hailstones and coals of fire. 
The LORD also thundered in the 

heavens, and the Highest uttered 
His voice : * hailstones and coals 
of fire. 

Yea, He sent out His arrows 
and scattered them : * He shot 



out many lightnings and discomfited 
them. 

And the fountains of waters were 
seen, * and the foundations of the 
world were discovered. 

At Thy rebuke, O LORD, * at 
the blast of the breath of Thy 
wrath ! 

He sent from above, and took 
me ; * and drew me out of many 
waters. 

He delivered me from the strong 
est of mine enemies, and from them 
which hated me : * for they were too 
strong for me. 

They came upon me in the day 
of my calamity, * but the LORD was 
my stay. 

He brought me forth also into a 
large place : * He delivered me be 
cause He delighted in me. 

And the LORD shall reward me 
according to my righteousness, * 
and according to the cleanness of 
mine hands shall He recompense 
me. 

For I have kept the ways of the 
LORD, * and have not wickedly de 
parted from my GOD. 

For all His judgments were before 
me : * and I did not put away His 
statutes from me. 

I shall also be upright with Him, 

* and keep myself from mine in 
iquity. 

And the LORD shall reward me 
according to my righteousness, * 
and according to the cleanness of 
mine hands in His eye-sight. 

With the holy Thou shalt be holy, 

* and with the innocent Thou shalt 
be innocent. 

And with the pure Thou shalt be 



1 Of these creatures, frequently mentioned in connection with the Divine manifestation, 
an elaborate account will be found in Ezekiel i. (First Sunday of November), and more 
shortly in Apoc. iv. (Tuesday in Third Week after Easter). 



SUNDAY AT MATTINS. 



pure, * and with the contentious 
Thou shalt be contentious. 

For Thou wilt save the afflicted 
people, * and bring down high 
looks. 

For Thou lightest my lamp, O 
LORD : * my God, enlighten my 
darkness ! 

For by Thee shall I be delivered 
from temptation, * and by my God 
shall I leap over a wall. 

As for my God, His way is per 
fect ; the word of the LORD is tried 
in the fire : * He is a buckler to all 
those that trust in Him. 

For who is God save the LORD ? 
* or who is God save our God ? 

It is God that girdeth me with 
strength, * and maketh my way 
perfect. 

He maketh my feet like hinds 
feet, * and setteth me upon mine 
high places. 

He teacheth my hands to war, * 
and maketh mine arms like a bow 
of brass. 

Thou hast also given me the 
shield of Thy salvation : * and Thy 
right hand hath holden me up. 

Thy correction also hath made 
me great : * and Thy chastening it 
is that shall teach me. 

Thou hast enlarged my steps 
under me, * and my feet have not 
slipped. 

I will pursue mine enemies and 
overtake them : * neither will I turn 
again till they be consumed. 

I will wound them that they shall 
not be able to rise : * they shall fall 
under my feet. 

Thou hast girded me also with 
strength unto the battle, * and hast 
subdued under me those that rose 
up against me. 



And hast made mine enemies to 
turn their back toward me, * and 
hast destroyed them that hate me. 

They cried, but there was none 
to save them, even unto the LORD, 

* but He answered them not. 
And I will beat them small, as 

the dust before the wind : * I will 
cast them out as the dirt in the 
streets. 

Thou shalt deliver me from the 
gainsayings of the people : * Thou 
shalt make me the head of the 
heathen. 

A people whom I knew not have 
served me : * as soon as they heard 
of me they obeyed me. 

The strangers feigned obedience 
unto me : * the strangers were 
wearied out, and stumbled in their 
paths. 

The LORD liveth, and blessed be 
my God : * and let the God of my 
salvation be exalted ! 

It is Thou, O God, That avengest 
me, and subduest the people under 
me. * Thou art my deliverer from 
my wrathful adversaries. 

And Thou shalt lift me up above 
those that rise up against me : 
Thou shalt deliver me from the 
wicked man. 

Therefore will I give thanks unto 
Thee, O LORD, among the heathen, 

* and sing praises unto Thy name. 

Great deliverance giveth He to 
His king, and showeth mercy to 
His Anointed, to David, * and to 
his seed for evermore. 

Antiphon for Advent, 1 Behold, 
I come quickly, saith the Lord, 
and My reward is with Me, to give 
every man according as his work 
shall be. 



1 Apoc. xxii. 12. 



i6 



THE PSALTER. 



Antiphon for the rest of the year. 
1 I will love Thee, O LORD, my 
strength. 

Antiphon for Paschal time. Al 
leluia. 2 Woman, whom seekest 
thou ? Alleluia. The Living among 
the dead ? Alleluia. Alleluia. 

Then is said a Verse and Answer. 
In Advent. 

Verse. 3 Send forth the Lamb, 
O Lord, the ruler of the land. 

Answer. From the "Rock" of 
the wilderness unto the mount of 
the daughter of Zion. 

During the rest of the year. 

Verse. 4 For Thou lightest my 
candle, O LORD. 

Answer. My God, enlighten my 
darkness. 

In Lent. 

Verse. 5 He shall cover thee with 
His wings. 

Answer. And under His feathers 
shalt thou trust. 

In Passion time. 

Verse. 6 O Lord, save me from 
the lion s mouth. 

Answer. And mine affliction from 
the horns of the unicorns. 

In Paschal time. 

Verse. 7 The Lord is risen indeed, 
Alleluia. 

Answer. And hath appeared unto 
Simon, Alleluia. 

Then is said the Lord s Prayer. 

OUR Father (inaudibly), Who 
art in heaven, Hallowed be 
Thy Name. Thy kingdom come. 



Thy will be done on earth, as it is 
in heaven. Give us this day our 
daily bread. And forgive us our 
trespasses, as we forgive them that 
trespass against us. (Aloud.} 

Verse. And lead us not into 
temptation. 

Answer. But deliver us from 
evil. 

Then this Absolution. 

IX/TAY His loving-kindness and 
^*^ His mercy help us, Who 
liveth and reigneth with the Father, 
and the Holy Ghost, world without 
end. 

Answer. Amen. 

Then the reader says : 

Sir, be pleased to give the bless 
ing. 

Fourth Blessing. 

God the Father the Almighty, 
Show on us His grace and mercy. 
Answer. Amen. 

Then is read the Fourth Lesson, and 
at the end the reader says : 

But Thou, O Lord, have mercy 
upon us. 

Ansiver. Thanks be to God. 



Then is said the Fourth Responsory, 
after which the reader says : 

Sir, be pleased to give the bless 



ing. 



Fifth Blessing. 

May Christ to all His people give, 
For ever in His sight to live. 
Answer. Amen. 



1 Ps. xvii. 2. 2 _ John xx. 15. 

3 Isa. xvi. i. The " Rock " is the town of Petra in the wilderness. 

4 Ps. xvii. 29. 5 Ps. xc. 3. ^ Ps. xxi. 22. 



7 Luke xxiv. 34. 



SUNDAY AT MATTINS. 



Then is read the Fifth Lesson, and at 
the end the reader says : 

But Thou, O Lord, have mercy 
upon us. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

Then is said the Fifth Responsory, 
after which the reader says: 

Sir, be pleased to give the bless 
ing. 

Sixth Blessing. 

May the Spirit s fire Divine 
In our inmost being shine. 
Answer. Amen. 

Then is read the Sixth Lesson, and 
at the end the reader says : 

But Thou, O Lord, have mercy 
upon us. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

Then is said the Sixth Responsory. 

THIRD NOCTURN, OR WATCH OF 
THE NIGHT. 

Antiphon for Advent. The Angel 
Gabriel. 

Antiphon for the rest of the year. 
There is no speech. 

Antiphon for Paschal time. Al 
leluia. 

Psalm XVIII. 

[Intituled "A Psalm of David," with the 
same farther obscure superscription, as in 
Pss. xii. and xiii.] 



THE heavens declare the glory 
of God, * and the firmament 
showeth His handy-work. 

Day unto day uttereth speech, 
* and night unto night showeth 
knowledge. 

There is no speech nor lan 
guage, * where their voice is not 
heard. 

Their sound is gone out through 
all the earth : * and their words to 
the ends of the world. 

He hath set His tabernacle in the 
sun : 1 * which is as a bridegroom 
coming out of his chamber. 

He rejoiceth as a strong man to 
run a race : * his going forth is from 
the end of the heaven. 

And his circuit unto the ends of 
it : * and there is nothing hid from 
the heat thereof. 

The law of the LORD is perfect, 
converting the soul : * the testimony 
of the LORD is sure, making wise the 
simple. 

The statutes of the LORD are 
right, rejoicing the heart : * the 
commandment of the LORD is clear, 
giving light unto the eyes. 

The fear of the LORD is holy, 
enduring for ever and ever : * the 
judgments of the LORD are true, 
righteous altogether. 

More to be desired are they than 
gold and store of precious stones, 
* sweeter also than honey and the 
honeycomb. 

Verily, Thy servant keepeth them : 



1 So the LXX., as well as the Vulgate. Cf. Ps. cii. 19 ; ciii. 2, 3. The sense seems 
to be that the physical source of the light and life of this system is represented as a kind of 
celestial counterpart of the tabernacle, which was the centre of the Divine authority as re 
vealed upon earth. The Hebrew, however, which is supported by St. Jerome, reads, " In 
them (i.e., the starry heavens) hath He set a tabernacle for the sun," and this reading 
seems to commend itself to Archbishop Kenrick, who suggests that the " tabernacle " may 
signify the region below the horizon, into which the sun retires nightly, as into a tent, to 
sleep, and from which he issues in renewed glory every morning. Targum : "In them 
hath He set splendour as a tabernacle for the sun." 



18 



THE PSALTER. 



* in keeping of them there is great 
reward. 

Who can understand his errors? 
Cleanse Thou me from secret faults : 

* preserve Thy servant also from 
the sins of others. 

If they get not dominion over me, 
then shall I be undefiled : * and 

1 shall be cleansed from the great 
transgression. 

Let the words of my mouth, 
and the meditation of mine heart, 
* be acceptable in Thy sight for 
ever, 

O LORD mine Helper, * and my 
Redeemer ! 

Antiphon for Advent. 1 The An 
gel Gabriel spake unto Mary, saying : 
Hail, thou that art full of grace, the 
Lord is with thee : blessed art thou 
among women. 

Antiphon for the rest of the year. 

2 There is no speech nor lan 
guage where their voice is not 
heard. 

In Paschal time only one Antiphon is 
said to the whole Nocturn. 

Second Antiphon for Advent. 
Mary said. 

Second Antiphon for the rest of the 
year. The LORD. 

When this Antiphon is used the 
Psalm begins with the words " Hear 
thee." 

Psalm XIX. 

[This Psalm has the same title as the 
last.] 

I "HE LORD hear thee in the day 
* of trouble : * the Name of 
the God of Jacob defend thee. 



Send thee help from the sanc 
tuary, * and strengthen thee out of 
Zion. 

Remember all thine offerings, * 
and accept thy burnt sacrifice. 3 

Grant thee according to thine 
own heart, * and fulfil all thy 
counsel. 

We will rejoice in Thy salvation : 

* and in the name of our God will 
we exult. 

The LORD fulfil all thy petitions : 

* now know I that the LORD saveth 
His Anointed. 

He will hear him from His holy 
heaven, * strong is the salvation of 
His right hand. 

Some trust in chariots and some 
in horses : * but we will call 
upon the name of the LORD our 
God. 

They are brought down and fal 
len : * but we are risen, and stand 
upright. 

O LORD, save the king : * and 
hear us in the day when we call 
upon Thee. 

Antiphon for Advent. 4 Mary 
said : What manner of salutation 
is this? My soul is troubled. 
Shall I bear the King? And will 
He not break the seal of my vir 
ginity ? 

Antiphon for the rest of the year. 
5 The LORD hear thee in the day of 
trouble. 

Third Antiphon for Advent. The 
King. 

Third Antiphon for the rest of the 
year. The king. 

When this Antiphon is used the 
Psalm begins with the words " Shall 
joy." 



1 Luke i. 28. 
4 Luke i. 29. 



2 Ps. xviii. 4. 
5 Ps. xix. 2. 



3 SLH. 



SUNDAY AT MATTINS. 



Psalm XX. 

[This Psalm also bears the same title as 
the xviiith.] 



T^HE king shall joy in Thy 
- strength, O LORD : * and in 
Thy salvation how greatly shall he 
rejoice ! 

Thou hast given him his heart s 
desire, * and hast not withholden 
the request of his lips. 1 

For Thou hast met him with the 
blessings of sweetness : * Thou hast 
set a crown of precious stones upon 
his head. 

He asked life of Thee : * and 
Thou gavest him length of days for 
ever and ever. 

His glory is great in Thy salva 
tion : * honour and great majesty 
shalt Thou lay upon him. 

For Thou wilt give him to be a 
blessing for ever : * Thou shalt 
make him exceeding glad with Thy 
countenance. 

For the king trusteth in the 
LORD, * and, through the mercy 
of the Most High, he shall not be 
moved. 

Thine hand shall find out all 
thine enemies : * thy right hand 
shall find out all those that hate 
thee. 

Thou shalt make them as a fiery 
oven in the time of thine anger : * 
the LORD shall cut them off in His 
wrath, and the fire shall devour them. 

Their fruit shalt thou destroy from 
the earth, * and their seed from 
among the children of men. 

For they intended evil against 
thee : they imagined a device, 
which they were not able to perform. 

Therefore shalt thou cast them 



behind thee : * thou shalt leave 
their faces lying in thy track. 

Be Thou exalted, O LORD, in 
Thine own strength : * we will sing 
and praise Thy power. 

Antiphon for Advent. The King, 
even the Most High, cometh ; there 
fore let the hearts of men be purified 
to go forth to meet Him, for, behold, 

2 He will come and will not tarry. 

Antiphon for the rest of the year. 

3 The king shall joy in Thy strength, 
O LORD. 

Antiphon for Paschal time. Alle 
luia, Weep not, Mary, Alleluia : the 
Lord is risen, Alleluia, Alleluia. 

Then is said a Verse and Answer, 
hi Advent. 

Verse. 4 The Lord cometh out of 
His holy place. 

Answer. He will come and save 
His people. 

During the rest of the year. 

Verse. 5 Be Thou exalted, O 
LORD, in Thine own strength. 

Ansiver. We will sing and praise 
Thy power. 

In Lent. 

Verse. 6 His truth shall be thy 
shield. 

Answer. Thou shalt not be afraid 
for the terror by night. 

In Passion time. 

Verse. 7 Take not away my soul 
with sinners, O God ! 

Answer. Nor my life with bloody 
men. 



SLH. 

4 Isa. xxxv. 4 ; Micah i. 3. 



2 Heb. x. 37. 
5 Ps. xx. 14. 



3 PS, XX, 2. 

6 Ps. xc. 5. 7 Ps. xxv. 9. 



20 



THE PSALTER. 



In Paschal time. 

Verse. 1 The disciples were glad, 
Alleluia. 

Answer. When they saw the 
Lord, Alleluia. 

Then is said the Lord s Prayer. 

OUR Father (inaudibly\ Who 
art in heaven, Hallowed be 
Thy Name. Thy kingdom come. 
Thy will be done on earth, as it is 
in heaven. Give us this day our 
daily bread. And forgive us our 
trespasses, as we forgive them that 
trespass against us. (Aloud.) 

Verse. And lead us not into 
temptation. 

Answer. But deliver us from evil. 

Then the Absolution. 

TV/FAY the Almighty and merci- 
** ful Lord loose us from the 
bonds of our sins. 
Answer. Amen. 

Then the reader says : 

Sir, be pleased to give the bless 
ing. 

Seventh Blessing. 

May the Gospel s saving Lord 
Bless the reading of His word. 
Answer. Amen. 

Then is read the Seventh Lesson, and 
at the end the reader says : 

But Thou, O Lord, have mercy 
upon us. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

Then is said the Seventh Responsory, 
after which the reader says : 

Sir, be pleased to give the bless 



ing. 



Eighth Blessing. 

God s most mighty strength al- 

way 

Be His people s staff and stay. 
Answer. Amen. 

Then is read the Eighth Lesson, and 
at the end the reader says : 

But Thou, O Lord, have mercy 
upon us. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

Then is said the Eighth Responsory, 
after which the reader says : 

Sir, be pleased to give the bless 
ing. 

Ninth Blessing. 

May He That is the Angels 

King 
To that high realm His people 

bring. 
Answer. Amen. 

Or, if another Gospel and Homily are 
to be read: 

May the Gospel s glorious word 
Cleansing to our souls afford. 

Then is read the Ninth Lesson, and 
at the end the reader says : 

But Thou, O Lord, have mercy 
upon us. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

Then is said a Ninth Responsory, 
unless this Hymn, "We praise Thee, 
O God," be substituted for it. The 
Hymn "We praise Thee, O God," is 
said in this place on every Sunday and 
Feast-day in the year (except the Feast 
of the Holy Innocents if it fall on a 
Week - day} from Easter to Advent 
and from Christmas to Septuagesima. 
In Advent and from Septuagesima to 
Easter it is not said on Sunday, but 
only on Feast-days. From Easter to 
Pentecost it is said on every day what 
soever, except only Rogation Monday. 



1 John xx. 20. 



SUNDAY AT MATTINS. 



21 



praise Thee, O God: we 
acknowledge Thee to be 
the Lord. 

All the earth doth worship Thee, 
the Father everlasting. 

To Thee all Angels cry aloud, 
the heavens, and all the Powers 
therein. 

To Thee Cherubim 2 and Sera 
phim 3 continually do cry : 

Holy, Holy, Holy LORD God of 
Sabaoth. 4 

Heaven and earth are full of the 
majesty of Thy glory. 

The glorious company of the 
Apostles praise Thee : 

The goodly fellowship of the 
Prophets praise Thee : 

The white-robed army of Mar 
tyrs praise Thee : 

The holy Church throughout all 
the world doth acknowledge Thee : 

The Father of an infinite Ma 
jesty : 

Thine honourable, true and only 
Son : 

Also the Holy Ghost, the Com 
forter. 

Thou art the King of glory, O 
Christ ! 

Thou art the everlasting Son of 
the Father. 

When Thou tookest upon Thee 
to deliver man, Thou didst not 
abhor the Virgin s womb : 

When Thou hadst overcome the 
sharpness of death, Thou didst 
open the kingdom of heaven to 
all believers : 

Thou sittest at the right hand of 
God, in the glory of the Father : 



We believe that Thou shalt come 
to be our Judge : 

5 We therefore pray Thee, help 
Thy servants, whom Thou hast re 
deemed with Thy precious Blood. 

Make them to be numbered with 
Thy Saints in glory everlasting. 6 

7 O Lord, save Thy people, and 
bless Thine inheritance. 

Govern them, and lift them up 
for ever. 

Day by day we magnify Thee ; 

And we worship Thy name, 
ever world without end. 

Vouchsafe, O Lord, this day, 
to keep us without sin. 

8 Have mercy upon us, O LORD, 
have mercy upon us. 

9 O LORD, let Thy mercy lighten 
upon us, as our trust is in Thee. 

10 O LORD, in Thee have I trust 
ed : let me never be confounded. 

If Lauds be not immediately to follow, 
Mattins end thus : 

Verse. Hear my prayer, O LORD. 
Answer. And let my cry come 
unto Thee. 

Let us pray. 

Then the Prayer for the day ; then 
Verse. Hear my prayer, O LORD. 
Answer. And let my cry come 
unto Thee. 

Verse. Bless we the Lord. 
Answer. Thanks be to God. 
Verse. May the souls of the 
faithful, through the mercy of God, 
rest in peace. 

Answer. Amen. 

Then the Lord s Prayer. 



1 The authorship of this Hymn, which is prescribed in the Rule of St. Benedict (born A.D. 
480, died 543), is uncertain. See Ezek. i. 8 See Isaiah vi. 2. 

4 Hebrew feminine Plural, meaning " hosts," "armies." 

5 During this verse it is usual to kneel. 6 Here ends the original Hymn. 
7 Ps xxvii 9 8 Ps. cxxii. 3. 9 Ps. xxxii. 22. 



22 



LAUDS, OR THE MORNING PRAISES 
OF GOD. 1 



THE LORD S DAY. 

Verse. ^ Make haste, O God, to 
deliver me. 

Answer. Make haste to help me, 
O LORD. 

Glory be to the Father, and to 
the Son, and to the Holy Ghost. 

As it was in the beginning, is 
now, and ever shall be, world with 
out end. Amen, Alleluia. 

From Septiiagesima Sunday to 
Maundy Thursday instead of "Alle 
luia," is said: 

Ceaseless praise to Thee be given, 
O Eternal King of Heaven. 

Then follow at once the Psalms and 
Antiphons. From the First Sunday in 
Advent till the Sunday after the Octave 
of the Epiphany and from Septuagesima 
Sunday till the Octave of Pentecost 
(and also on all Feasts), Five Antiphons 
are given, which are then said in the 
places here marked. During the rest 
of the year only Three Antiphons are 
said, which are given here. 

Antiphon. Alleluia. 



Psalm XCII. 

[The Hebrew and the Targum give no 
superscription ; but the LXX. and the 
Vulgate have "A Song of Praise by David 
for the eve of the Sabbath when the earth 
was established" i.e., A Song of Praise 
proper for the close of Friday before the 
setting - in of the Sabbath ; the time of 
which it is said (Gen. i. 31, ii. i) : "And 
God saw every thing that He had made, 
and, behold, it was very good. And the 
evening and the morning were the sixth 
day. Thus the heavens and the earth 
were finished, and all the host of them."] 



LORD reigneth, He is 
clothed with majesty : * the 
LORD is clothed with strength, where 
with He hath girded Himself. 

He hath established the world 
also, * that it cannot be moved. 

Thy throne is established of old : 
* Thou art from everlasting. 

The floods have lifted up, O 
LORD, * the floods have lifted up 
their voice 

The floods lift up their waves. * 
But Mightier than the noise of 
many waters 

Than the mighty breakers of the 
sea * is the LORD on high ! 



1 The proper hour for Lauds is the dawn of day. This is reckoned to be about 3 A.M., at 
which time this Office is said in many Convents. For this purpose it is, in choirs, invari 
ably (except where it forms part of the same service with the Midnight Mass at Christmas) 
said immediately after and as one service with Mattins. Hence it follows 1st, that it is 
said late in the afternoon, when Mattins are said at that time, and 2ndly, that the Lord s 
Prayer and Angelic Salutation are not said at the beginning. This service is constructed 
on the same general principle as Vespers, and answers to that Office as Prime does to 
Compline. 



SUNDAY AT LAUDS. 



Thy testimonies are very sure : * 
holiness becometh Thine house, O 
LORD, for ever ! 

When there are Five Antiphons the 
First is repeated, and the Seco?id begun 
or said through the first time here. 

Psalm XCIX. 

[Intituled in the Vulgate and the LXX., 
"A Psalm of Thanksgiving."] 

TV /TAKE a joyful noise unto God, 
** all ye lands : * serve the 
LORD with gladness. 

Come before His presence, * with 
singing. 

Know ye that the LORD, He is 
God : * it is He That hath made 
us, and not x we ourselves : 

We are His people, and the sheep 
of His pasture. * Enter into His gates 
with thanksgiving, and into His courts 
with praise : give thanks unto Him, 

Praise His Name. For the LORD 
is good, His mercy is everlasting : 
* and His truth endureth to all 
generations. 

When there are Five Antiphons the 
Second is repeated, and the Third begun 
or said through the first time here. 

Psalm LXII. 

[Intituled "A Psalm of David, when he 
was in the wilderness of Judah." This was 
one of the most perilous periods of David s 
life, when he was flying from the pursuit of 
Saul, and hiding in different forests and 
wildernesses in the south of Palestine. He 
was betrayed again and again, and had the 
most hairbreadth escapes. The history 
will be found in I Kings (Sam.) xxii. and 
xxiii.] 

OGOD, Thou art my God, * 
early will I seek Thee : 
My soul thirsteth for Thee, * my 
flesh longeth for Thee, 



In a dry and desert land, with 
out water. * So have I appeared 
before Thee in the Sanctuary, to see 
Thy power and Thy glory. 

Because Thy loving-kindness is 
better than life, * my lips shall praise 
Thee. 

Thus will I bless Thee while I 
live : * and will lift up mine hands 
in Thy name. 

My soul shall be satisfied as 
with marrow and fatness ; * and 
my mouth shall praise Thee with 
joyful lips. 

When I remember Thee upon my 
bed, I meditate upon Thee in the 
night watches : * because Thou 
hast been mine help : 

And in the shadow of Thy wings 
will I rejoice. My soul followeth 
hard after Thee : * Thy right hand 
upholdeth me. 

But those that seek my soul to 
destroy it, shall go into the lower 
parts of the earth : * they shall fall 
by the sword, they shall be a portion 
for foxes. 

But the King shall rejoice in 
God : every one that sweareth by 
him shall glory : * for the mouth 
of them that speak lies shall be 
stopped. 

Here the Doxology, " Glory be to the 
Father, &c," is not said. 

Psalm LXVI. 

[Besides a musical superscription, the 
Hebrew and the Targum give no title ex 
cept " A Psalm, a Psalm. " But the Vulgate 
and the LXX. ascribe the authorship to 
David.] 

GOD be merciful unto us, and 
bless us : * cause His face 



1 The Hebrew tradition attributes the negative to an eccentric spelling, and translates 
and His we are." 



THE PSALTER. 



to shine upon us, and be merciful 
unto us. 1 

That Thy way may be known 
upon earth : * Thy saving health 
among all nations. 

Let the people praise Thee, O 
God : * let all the people praise 
Thee. 

O let the nations be glad and 
sing for joy : * for Thou judgest 
the people righteously, and govern- 
est the nations upon earth. 2 

Let the people praise Thee, O 
God, let all the people praise Thee. 
* The earth hath yielded her in 
crease ; 

Let God, even our own God, 
bless us ; let God bless us : * and 
let all the ends of the earth fear 
Him. 

When there are Five Antiphoiis, the 
Third is repeated, and the Fourth begun 
or said through the first time here. 

Ordinary Antiphon throughout the 
year. Alleluia, Alleluia. 

Second Ordinary Antiphon. The 
king commanded. 

Antiphon for Paschal time. Al 
leluia, Alleluia, Alleluia; Alleluia, 
Alleluia, Alleluia; Alleluia, Alleluia, 
Alleluia. 

Second Antiphon for Paschal time. 
He That delivered. 

THE SONG OF THE THREE HOLY 
CHILDREN. (Daniel iii. 57.) 

[It is well known how the three young 
comrades of Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and 
Azariah, called by the heathen, Shadrach, 
Meshach, and Abednego, were thrown into 
a furnace for refusing to worship an idol, 
and remained unhurt amid the flames. In 
this strange position Azariah offered a long 
prayer. "And the king s servants, that put 



them in, ceased not to make the oven hot 
with resin, pitch, tow, and small wood, so 
that the flame streamed forth above the 
furnace forty and nine cubits. But the 
Angel of the Lord came down into the 
oven together with Azariah and his fellows, 
and smote the flame of the fire out of the 
oven, and made the midst of the furnace as 
it had been a moist whistling wind, so that 
the fire touched them not at all, neither 
hurt nor troubled them. Then the three, 
as out of one mouth, praised, glorified, and 
blessed God in the furnace, saying " the 
Hymn, of which that in the text is a cento. 
The first five verses are omitted.] 

r^\ ALL ye works of the Lord, 
>r bless ye the Lord : * praise 
Him, and exalt Him above all for 
ever. 

O ye Angels of the Lord, bless ye 
the Lord : * O ye heavens, bless ye 
the Lord. 

O all ye waters that be above the 
heavens, bless ye the Lord : * O all 
ye powers of the Lord, bless ye the 
Lord. 

O ye Sun and Moon, bless ye the 
Lord : * O ye stars of heaven, bless 
ye the Lord. 

O ye showers and dew, bless ye 
the Lord : * O ye winds of God, 
bless ye the Lord. 

O ye fire and heat, bless ye the 
Lord : * O ye winter and summer, 
bless ye the Lord. 

O ye dews and rime, bless ye the 
Lord : * O ye frost and cold, bless 
ye the Lord. 

O ye ice and snow, bless ye the 
Lord : * O ye nights and days, bless 
ye the Lord. 

O ye light and darkness, bless ye 
the Lord : * O ye lightnings and 
clouds, bless ye the Lord. 

O let the earth bless the Lord : 
* let her praise and exalt Him above 
all for ever ! 



1 SLH. The repetition of the words "be merciful unto us" is peculiar to the Latin. 

2 SLH. 



SUNDAY AT LAUDS. 



O ye mountains and hills, bless 
ye the Lord : * O all ye green 
things upon the earth, bless ye the 
Lord. 

O ye wells, bless ye the Lord : 

* O ye seas and floods, bless ye the 
Lord. 

O ye whales, and all that move 
in the waters, bless ye the Lord : 

* O all ye fowls of the air, bless 
ye the Lord. 

O all ye beasts and cattle, bless 
ye the Lord : * O ye children of 
men, bless ye the Lord. 

O let Israel bless the Lord : * let 
him praise and exalt Him above all 
for ever ! 

O ye Priests of the Lord, bless ye 
the Lord : * O ye servants of the 
Lord, bless ye the Lord. 

O ye spirits and souls of the 
righteous, bless ye the Lord : * O 
ye holy and humble men of heart, 
bless ye the Lord. 

Ananias, Azarias, and Misael, 
bless ye the Lord : * praise and 
exalt Him above all for ever. 

1 Bless we the Father, and the 
Son, and the Holy Ghost : * let us 
praise and exalt Him above all for 
ever. 

Blessed art Thou, O Lord, in the 
firmament of heaven : * and to be 
praised, and glorified, and exalted 
above all for ever. 

Here the Doxology, " Glory be to the 
Father, &c.," is not said, nor "Amen" 
answered. But the other Canticles are 
treated like ordinary Psalms. 

When there are Five Antiphons, the 
Fourth is repeated, and the Fifth begun 
or said through the first time here. 

Ordinary Antiphon throughout the 



year. The king commanded, and 
the Three Children were cast into 
the furnace, fearing not the flame 
of the fire, but saying : Blessed be 
God! 

Antiphon for Paschal time. He 
That delivered the Three Children 
from the burning fiery furnace, even 
Christ, is risen from the grave. 
Alleluia. 

Third Antiphon. Alleluia. 

Psalm CXLVIII. 

[To this Psalm is prefixed "Alleluia." 
The LXX. connect it with the Prophets 
Haggai and Zechariah. See Thursday and 
Friday in the fifth week of November. ] 

PRAISE ye the LORD from the 
heavens : * praise Him in the 
heights. 

Praise ye Him, all His Angels : * 
praise ye Him, all His hosts. 

Praise ye Him, sun and moon : 

* praise Him, all ye stars and light. 
Praise Him, ye heavens of heavens: 

* and all the waters that be above 
the heavens. Let them praise the 
Name of the LORD ! 

For He spake, and they were 
made 2 : * He commanded, and they 
were created. 

He hath established them for 
ever and ever : * He hath made a 
decree which shall not pass. 

Praise the LORD from the earth, 

* ye dragons, and all deeps : 
Fire, hail, snow, ice, stormy wind, 

* fulfilling His word : 
Mountains, and all hills, * fruitful 

trees, and all cedars : 

Beasts, and all cattle, * creeping 
things, and flying fowl : 

Kings of the earth, and all people ; 



1 This verse is, of course, a later addition ; more than two verses are omitted, and the last 
given is one of those omitted at the beginning. 

2 Taken from Ps. xxxii. 9. 



26 



THE PSALTER. 



* princes, and all judges of the 
earth : 

Young men, and maidens, old 
men, and children : let them praise 
the Name of the LORD * for His 
Name alone is exalted ! 

His glory is above heaven and 
earth. * He also exalteth the horn 
of His people, 

The praise of all His Saints, * 
even of the children of Israel, a 
people near unto Him. 

[Here "Alleluia."] 

Here the Doxology, " Glory be to the 
Father, &c.," is not said. 



Psalm CXLIX. 

[Here "Alleluia."] 

CING unto the LORD a new 
^ song : * His praise in the 
congregation of Saints. 

Let Israel rejoice in Him That 
made him : * and let the children 
of Zion be joyful in their King. 

Let them praise His Name in 
the dance : * let them sing praises 
unto Him with the timbrel and 
harp. 

For the LORD taketh pleasure in 
His people : * He also will exalt 
the meek unto salvation. 

Let the Saints be joyful in glory : 
let them sing aloud upon their 
beds: 

Let the high praises of God be in 
their mouth : * and a two-edged 
sword in their hands ; 

To execute vengeance upon the 
heathen, * and punishments upon 
the people ; 

To bind their kings with chains, 
* and their nobles with fetters of 
iron : 

To execute upon them the judg 



ment written : * this honour have 
all His Saints. 

[Here "Alleluia."] 

Here the Doxology, " Glory be to the 
Father, &c.," is not said. 



Psalm CL. 
[Here "Alleluia."] 



the Lord in His sanc 
tuary ! * praise Him in the 
firmament of His power ! 

Praise Him in His mighty acts ! 
* praise Him according to His ex 
cellent greatness ! 

Praise Him with the sound of 
the trumpet ! * praise Him with the 
psaltery and harp ! 

Praise Him with the timbrel and 
dance ! * praise Him with stringed 
instruments and organs ! 

Praise Him upon the loud cym 
bals, praise Him upon the high- 
sounding cymbals ! * Let every 
thing that hath breath praise the 
LORD ! 

[Here "Alleluia."] 

Antiphon. Alleluia, Alleluia, Alle 
luia. 

(The last of Five Antipkons is, of 
course, repeated here.} 

Then follows the Chapter. From the 
First Sunday in Advent to the Second 
Sunday after the Epiphany, and from 
Septuagesima Sunday to the Third 
Sunday after Pentecost, as also on all 
Feasts, a special Chapter is given. On 
the remaining Sundays the Chapter is 
that give?i here. 

CHAPTER. (Apoc. vii. 12.) 

DLESSING, and glory, and wis- 
-*-* dom, and thanksgiving, and 
honour, and power, and might be 



SUNDAY AT LAUDS. 



unto our God for ever and ever. 
Amen. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

This answer is always made after 
the Chapter. 

Then follows the Hymn. From the 
First Sunday in Advent till the Octave 
of the Epiphany and from the First 
Sunday in Lent till the Octave of Pen 
tecost, as also on all Feasts, a special 
Hymn is given. On the remaining 
Sundays the Hymn given here is said, 
except between the Octave of Pentecost 
and the first Sunday of October. 

HYMN. 1 

CRAMER of the earth and sky, 
*- Ruler of the day and night, 
With a glad variety, 
Tempering all, and making light ; 

Gleams upon our dark path flinging, 
Cutting short each night begun, 
Hark ! for chanticleer is singing, 
Hark ! he chides the lingering sun. 

And the morning star replies, 
And lets loose the imprison d day ; 
And the godless bandit flies 
From his haunt, and from his prey. 

Shrill it sounds, the storm relenting 
Soothes the weary seamen s ears ; 
Once it wrought a great repenting, 
In that flood of Peter s tears. 

Rouse we ; let the blithesome cry 
Of that bird our hearts awaken ; 
Chide the slumberers as they lie, 
And arrest the sin-o ertaken. 

Hope and health are in his strain, 
To the fearful and the ailing ; 
Murder sheathes his blade profane, 
Faith revives when faith was failing. 

JESU, Master ! when we sin, 
Turn on us Thy healing Face ; 
It will melt the offence within 
Into penitential grace : 



Beam on our bewildered mind, 
Till its dreamy shadows flee ; 
Stones cry out where Thou hast shined, 
JESU ! musical with Thee. 

To the Father and the Son, 
And the Spirit, Who in heaven 
Ever witness, Three and One, 
Praise on earth be ever given. 

Amen. 

The folio wi?ig Hymn is said from the 
Fourth Sunday after Pentecost till the 
first Sunday of October. 



HYMN. 2 

"DALER have grown the shades of 
1 night, 

And nearer draws the day, 
Checkering the sky with streaks of 
light, 

Since we began to pray : 

To pray for mercy when we sin, 

For cleansing and release, 
For ghostly safety, arid within 

For everlasting peace. 

Praise to the Father, as is meet, 

Praise to the Only Son, 
Praise to the Holy Paraclete, 

While endless ages run. 

Amen. 

Then is said a Verse and Answer. 
In Advent and from Septuagesima 
Sunday till the end of Paschal time, as 
also o?i all Feasts, a special Verse and 
Answer are given. 

Verse. 3 The LORD reigneth, He 
is clothed with majesty. 

Answer. The LORD is clothed 
with strength, and hath girded Him 
self with power. 

Then is said the following Song from 
the Gospel. It has an Antiphon, which 
is always special, and which is either 



1 By St. Ambrose, or at least of the Ambrosian school, except the last verse. Translation 
by the late Card. Newman. 

2 By Pope St. Gregory the Great, but a good deal altered. Translation by the late 



Card. Newman. 



Ps. xcii. I. 



28 



THE PSALTER. 



begun or said through the first time be 
fore z /, according as the Office is Double 
or not. 



THE SONG OF ZACHARIAS. 

[On the occasion of the circumcision of 
St. John the Baptist. Luke i. 68-79.] 

T3LESSED be the Lord God of 
M Israel, * for He hath visited 
and redeemed His people. 

And hath raised up an horn of 
salvation for us, * in the house of 
His servant David : 

As He spake by the mouth of 
His holy Prophets, * which have 
been since the world began : 

That we should be saved from 
our enemies, * and from the hand of 
all that hate us : 

To perform the mercy promised 
to our fathers, * and to remember 
His holy covenant : 

The oath which He sware to our 
father Abraham, * that He would 
grant unto us, 

That we, being delivered out of 
the hand of our enemies, * might 
serve Him without fear, 

In holiness and righteousness be 
fore Him * all the days of our life. 

And thou, child, shalt be called 
the Prophet of the Highest : * for 
thou shalt go before the face of the 
Lord to prepare His ways : 

To give knowledge of salvation 
unto His people, * by the remission 
of their sins ; 

Through the tender mercy of our 
God, * whereby the dayspring from 
on high hath visited us, 

To give light to them that sit 
in darkness, and in the shadow of 
death, * to guide our feet into the 
way of peace. 

The Doxology, "Glory be to the 



Father, &c.," is said, and then the 
Antiphon repeated. 

Then is said : 

Verse. Hear my prayer, O LORD. 
Answer. And let my cry come 
unto Thee. 

Let us pray. 

Then follows the Prayer for the day 
at the end of which is answered: 

Answer. Amen. 

Afterwards are made any Commem 
orations necessary, by the Antiphon 
for the Song of Zacharias, the Verse 
and Answer after the Hymn, and the 
Prayer {preceded by " Let us pray ") 
from the superseded Office which is to 
be commemorated. After which the 
following Common Commemorations 
are made, if required, according to 
Chapter xxxv. of the General Rubrics. 

When more than two Prayers are to 
be said, the last clause of each (begin 
ning "Through our Lord, &c.," or 
" Who livest, &c.,") is omitted in all 
except the first and the last, nor is 
"Amen" answered except after these 
two. 

(Note that if these Commemorations 
be said upon a week-day, kept as such, 
out of Paschal time, they are preceded 
by the Commemoration of the Cross, 
given hereafter at the end of the Lauds 
of Monday.} 

I. Commemoration of the Blessed 
Virgin Mary. 

(Omitted if the Office of the day is 
of the Blessed Virgin, or if her Little 
Office is to be said.) 

Antiphon. O Holy Mary, be 
thou an help to the helpless, a 
strength to the fearful, a comfort to 
the sorrowful ; pray for the people, 
plead for the clergy, make inter 
cession for all women vowed to 
God ; may all that keep thine holy 



SUNDAY AT LAUDS. 



2 9 



remembrance, feel the might of 
thine assistance. 

Verse. Pray for us, O holy 
Mother of God. 

Answer. That we may be made 
worthy of the promises of Christ. 

Let us pray. 

GRANT, we beseech Thee, O 
Lord God, unto all Thy 
servants, that they may continually 
enjoy soundness both of mind and 
of body, and by the glorious inter 
cession of the Blessed Mary, always 
a Virgin, may be delivered from 
present sadness, and enter into the 
joy of Thine eternal gladness. 

From the Octave of the Epiphany to 
Candlemas, the Antiphon is the same, 
but the rest is as follows : 

Verse. After thy delivery thou 
still remainest a Virgin undefiled. 

Answer. Mother of God, pray 
for us. 

Let us pray. 

GOD, Who, by the fruitful 
virginity of the Blessed 
Mary, hast given unto mankind the 
rewards of everlasting life; grant, 
we beseech Thee, that we may con 
tinually feel the might of her inter 
cession, through whom we have 
worthily received the Author of our 
life, our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son. 

II. Commemoration of St. Joseph^ 
Patron of the Universal Church. 

(Omitted in his Votive Office^ 

Antiphon. 1 JESUS Himself began 
to be about thirty years of age, being 
(as was supposed) the son of Joseph. 



Verse. 2 The mouth of the right 
eous speaketh wisdom. 

Answer. And his tongue talketh 
judgment. 

Let us pray. 

GOD, Who, in Thine un- 
speakable foreknowledge, 
didst choose Thy blessed servant 
Joseph to be the husband of Thine 
Own most holy Mother; mercifully 
grant that now that he is in heaven 
with Thee, we who on earth do 
reverence him for our defender, 
may worthily be holpen by the 
succour of his prayers to Thee on 
our behalf. 



III. Commemoration of the Holy 
Apostles, Peter and Paul. 

(Omitted in the Votive Office of the 
Apostles.} 

Antiphon. 3 These are glorious 
princes over all the earth, they 
loved one another in their lives, 
and in their death they were not 
divided. 

Verse. 4 Their sound is gone out 
through all the earth. 

Answer. And their words to the 
ends of the world. 

Let us pray. 

OGOD, Whose Right Hand 
caught the Blessed Peter 
when he walked upon the water, 
and began to sink, 5 and thrice de 
livered his fellow-Apostle Paul from 
the deep of the sea, when he suf 
fered shipwreck ; 6 graciously hear 
us, and grant, for the sake of them 



1 Luke iii. 23. 
4 Ps. xviii. 5. 



2 Ps. xxxvi. 30. 
5 Matth. xiv. 31. 



3 2 Kings (Sam.) i. 23. 
6 2 Cor. xi. 25. 



30 THE PSALTER. 

both, that we also may attain unto For Peace. 

everlasting glory. Antiphon. Give peace in our 

Note 1 . time, O Lord, because there is 



1 In England in this case, by a special rule, is made 

Commemoration of St. George^ Patron of England. 

Antiphon. * The Saints through faith subdued kingdoms, wrought 
righteousness, obtained promises. 

Verse, t O LORD, Thou hast compassed him. 
Answer. With Thy favour as with a shield. 

Let us pray. 

OGOD, Who dost gladden us through the worthy deeds and prayers of 
Thy blessed Martyr George ; mercifully grant that all they that seek 
Thy favour through him, may effectually obtain the gift of Thy grace. 
And thus it is said within the Octave. 

In the Diocese of Hexham St. George is not commemorated, but instead, the following 
commemoration is made of St. Cuthbert : 

Antiphon. Holy Cuthbert, our Protector, grace and glory of our father 
land, look down upon us from Heaven, and pray God for us, that He grant 
us everlasting joy. 

Verse. At the prayers of Blessed Cuthbert and for his sake, 

Answer. Be merciful unto Thy people, O Lord. 

Let us pray. 

GOD, Who, through the priceless gift of Thy grace, dost make Thine 
holy ones glorious, mercifully grant, that the prayers of Thy Blessed 
Confessor and Bishop Cuthbert may help us worthily there to attain, where 
are the spirits of just men made perfect. 

In the Diocese of Northampton the following commemoration of St. Thomas of Canter 
bury is made before that of St. George : 

Antiphon. II am the Good Shepherd, and know My sheep, and am 
known of Mine, and I lay down My life for the sheep. 
Verse. In your patience 
Answer. Possess ye your souls. 

Let us pray. 

GOD, in defence of Whose Church the glorious Bishop Thomas fell 
by the swords of wicked men, grant, we beseech Thee, that all that 
ask his help may obtain wholesome fruit of their petition. 

In the Diocese of Plymouth the following commemoration of St. Boniface of Maintz is 
made before that of St. George : 

Antiphon. Many nations, many thousands of men, did Blessed Boniface 
* Heb. xi. 33. f Ps. v. 13. J John x. 14, 15. Luke xxi. 19. 



SUNDAY AT LAUDS. 31 

none other that fighteth for us, but our hearts may be set to obey Thy 

only Thou, O our God. commandments, and also that by 

Verse. 1 Peace be within thy Thee we being defended from the 

walls. fear of our enemies, may pass our 

Answer. And prosperity within time in rest and quietness. Through 

thy palaces. our Lord JESUS Christ, Thy Son, 

Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, 

Let us pray. in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one 

God, world without end. 

OGOD, from Whom all holy Answer. Amen, 
desires, all good counsels, 

and all just works do proceed ; give JjffaE* ^f"^ 1 ^- 1 S ? n ^ 

unto Thy servants that peace which ^ p rec g (ij n 

the world cannot give, that both the following: 

gain for Christ, and forasmuch as he made himself like unto an Apostle, he 
hath purchased unto himself a great reward in Heaven along with the 
Apostles. 

Verse. Be strong in the Lord, be strong. 

Answer. That ye may live for ever with God. 

Let us pray. 

GOD, Who wast pleased to make the zeal of Thy Blessed Martyr and 
Bishop Boniface the mean whereby Thou didst cause many peoples 
to know Thy Name, mercifully grant unto us who honour his memory to be 
feelingly holpen by the succour of his protection. 

(And so it is said within the Octave.} 

In the Diocese of Portsmouth the following commemoration of St. Edmund of Can 
terbury is made after that of St. George : 

Antiphon. He loved righteousness and hated iniquity, and therefore he 
died in exile. 

Verse. Cast out upon a world of woes, 

In exile here we roam. 

Answer. O Blessed Edmund, by thy prayers, 
Gain us the love of home. 

Let us pray. 

GOD, Who in the abundance of Thy goodness toward Thy Church 
hast made her bright by the illustrious life of Thy blessed Confessor 
and Bishop Edmund, and gladdened her by his glorious and wondrous 
works, mercifully grant unto Thy servants that they may be bettered in 
following after his ensample, and shielded by his protection from all things 
that may rise up against them. 

1 Ps. cxxi. 7. 



THE PSALTER. 



Paschal Commemoration of the 
Cross. 

(Omitted in the Votive Offices of the 
Blessed Sacrament and of the Passion?) 

Antiphon. He That was cruci 
fied is risen from the dead, and 
hath redeemed us. Alleluia, Al 
leluia. 

Verse. l Say among the heathen 
Alleluia. 

Answer. That the LORD reign- 
eth from the tree Alleluia. 

Let us pray. 

OGOD, Who didst send Thy 
Son to surfer death for us 
upon the Cross, that Thou might- 
est deliver us from the power of 
the enemy ; grant unto us Thy 
servants to be made partakers of 
His Resurrection. Through the 
Same our Lord JESUS Christ Thy 
Son, Who liveth and reigneth with 
Thee in the unity of the Holy 
Ghost, one God, world without end. 
Answer. Amen. 

After the last Prayer is said : 

Verse. Hear my prayer, O LORD. 
Answer. And let my cry come 
unto Thee. 

Verse. Bless we the Lord. 
Answer. Thanks be to God. 

If the Office of the Dead or the Litany 
(with or without the Penitential Psalms} 
is to follow immediately, it is begun 
here. Otherwise 

There is said in rather a low voice : 
May the souls of the Faithful 

1 Ps. xcv. 10, old version. 

2 i.e., it is said for the first time after Vespers, if the Antiphon of the B.V. be to be said, 
and in any case after Compline, on the Saturday evening before Advent Sunday, and it is 
still similarly said after Vespers on February 2, but not after Compline on that day. It is 
ascribed to Hermann the Cripple, a monk of Reichenau, who died A.D. 1052. This trans 
lation is in the same rhymeless measure as the original, 



through the mercy of God rest in 
peace. 

Answer. Amen. 

If Prime is to follow immediately, it 
is begun here, a?id what follows is not 
said till the end of the whole service. 
Otherwise the Office ends thus : 

The Lord s Prayer is said inaudibly : 

OUR Father, Who art in heaven, 
Hallowed be Thy Name. Thy 
kingdom come. Thy will be done 
on earth, as it is in heaven. Give 
us this day our daily bread. And 
forgive us our trespasses, as we 
forgive them that trespass against 
us. And lead us not into temp 
tation ; but deliver us from evil. 
Amen. 

Then aloud: 

Verse. The Lord give us His 
peace. 

Ansiver. And life everlasting. 
Amen. 

Then follows one of these Four Anti- 
phons of the Blessed Virgin Mary, ac 
cording to the season of the year. 

I. From the First Sunday in Ad 
vent to Candlemas, both inclusive. 

Antiphon. 2 Maiden, Mother of 
Him that redeemed us, thou that 
abidest 

Heaven s open gate, and the Star 
of the Sea, come, succour the fallen ! 

Fallen indeed we are, but fain 
would rise by thy succour. 

Thou that beyond nature s course, 
hast borne in time the Eternal ; 

Thou that a Virgin before and 
after that childbirth remainest, 



SUNDAY AT LAUDS. 



33 



From the Archangel s lips the 
quickening message receiving, 

Mother of JESUS and us, turn 
thine eyes of mercy on sinners. 

Verse. The Angel of the Lord 
announced unto Mary. 

Answer. And she conceived by 
the Holy Ghost. 

Let us pray. 

WE beseech Thee, O Lord, 
pour Thy grace into our 
hearts ; that, as we have known 
the Incarnation of Thy Son Christ 
by the message of an Angel, so by 
His Passion and Cross we may be 
brought unto the glory of the 
Resurrection. Through the same 
Christ our Lord. 
Answer. Amen. 

In and after the First Vespers of 
Christmas Day the Verse and Answer 
and Prayer are as follows : 

Verse. After thy delivery thou 
still remainest a Virgin undefiled. 

Answer. Mother of God, pray 
for us. 

Let us pray. 

GOD, Who, by the fruitful 
virginity of the Blessed Mary, 
hast given unto mankind the re 
wards of everlasting life ; grant, we 
beseech Thee, that we may con 
tinually feel the might of her inter 
cession, through whom we have 
worthily received the Author of 
our life, even our Lord JESUS 
Christ Thy Son. 
Answer. Amen. 



II. From Candlemas to Maundy 
Thursday, both exclusive } 

Antiphon. Hail, O Mary, Queen 
of Heaven, 

Queen of Angel worlds on high, 
Hail, O Rod to Jesse given, 
Blessed Portal of the sky, 

Hail, O Lady, bright and glorious, 
Clad in beauty pure and true, 
Virgin ! o er sin s stain victorious, 
Sinners for thy succour sue. 

Verse. Holy Virgin, my praise 
by thee accepted be. 

Ansiver. Give me strength against 
thine enemies. 

Let us pray. 

GRANT, we beseech Thee, O 
most merciful God, a succour 
unto the frailty of our nature, that 
as we keep ever alive the memory 
of the holy Mother of God, so by 
the help of her intercession we may 
be raised up from the bondage of 
our sins. Through the same Christ 
our Lord. 

Answer. Amen. 



III. From Easter Sunday* till the 
Saturday after Pentecost, both in 
clusive. 

Antiphon. Rejoice! rejoice! thou 
Queen of Heaven, Alleluia, 

For He* That thee for Son was 
given, Alleluia, 

As He promised is arisen. Alle 
luia. 



1 i.e., it is said for the first time after Compline on Feb. 2 (even if the Feast of the 
Purification be transferred), and for the last time after Compline on Wednesday in Holy 
Week. The authorship is unknown ; it seems to date from about the eleventh century. 

2 i.e., it is said for the first time after Compline on Easter Eve. The date and author 
ship are unknown ; but a legend has become attached to it to the effect that St. Gregory 
the Great heard the three first lines uttered by an angel, and himself added the fourth, on 
the same occasion from which was instituted the procession upon St. Mark s Day. 

VOL. IV. B 



34 



THE PSALTER. 



Mother, pray to Him for us. Alle 
luia. 

Verse. Be glad and rejoice, O 
Virgin Mary, Alleluia, 

Answer. For the Lord is risen 
indeed, Alleluia. 

Let us pray. 

OGOD, Who art pleased to 
gladden the whole world by 
the resurrection of Thy Son our 
Lord JESUS Christ ; grant, we be 
seech Thee, that by the help of 
His Mother the Virgin Mary, we 
may finally attain unto the glad 
ness of life everlasting. Through 
the same Christ our Lord. 
Answer. Amen. 

IV. From Trinity Sunday^ till the 
Saturday before Advent Sunday, 
both inclusive. 

Antiphon. Hail, O Queen, Mother 
of mercy ! hail, our life, our sweet 
ness, and our hope ! To thee we 
cry, the banished sons of Eve. To 
ward thee we sigh, weeping and 
groaning in this vale of tears. Ah, 
then, thou our Advocate, turn on us 
those merciful eyes of thine ! And, 
after this our exile, show to us 
JESUS, the blessed Fruit of thy 



womb. O merciful, O gracious, O 
sweet Virgin Mary ! 

Verse. Pray for us, O holy Mother 
of God, 

Answer. That we may be made 
worthy of the promises of Christ. 

Let us pray. 

ALMIGHTY and everlasting 
God, Who, by the co-opera 
tion of the Holy Ghost, didst make 
ready both the body and soul of the 
glorious Virgin and Mother Mary 
worthily to become a meet dwelling 
for Thy Son ; grant that as we re 
joice in her memory, so by her piti 
ful intercession we may be delivered 
from the evils that continually hang 
over us, and finally from everlasting 
death. Through the same Christ 
our Lord. 

Answer. Amen. 

After each of these Antiphons is said 
this Blessing : 

God s most mighty strength alway 
Be His people s staff and stay. 
Answer. Amen. 

Feasts. The above Office, appointed 
for Sunday, is also said on all Feasts 
whatsoever, even Simples, and every 
day in Paschal time. 



1 i.e., it is said for the first time after Vespers, if the Antiphon of the B.V. be to be 
said, and in any case after Compline, on the Saturday evening before Trinity Sunday. The 
last clause is usually admitted to be an exclamation uttered by St. Bernard of Clairvaux in 
the Cathedral of Spires; but* the authorship of the rest is disputed, some ascribing it to 
Hermann the Cripple, others to one Peter of Monsoro, Bishop of Compostella, others to 
one Adhemar, Bishop of Podium (Puy-en-Velay). It seems to have been well known, at 
least in Spain, early in the twelfth century. 



35 



PRIME, OR THE FIRST HOUR. 1 



THE LORD S DAY. 

Before Prime is said inaudibly the 
LorcPs Prayer, the Angelic Salutation, 
and the Apostles Creed. 

OUR Father, Who art in heaven, 
Hallowed be Thy Name. 
Thy kingdom come. Thy will be 
done on earth, as it is in heaven. 
Give us this day our daily bread. 
And forgive us our trespasses, as 
we forgive them that trespass against 
us. And lead us not into tempta 
tion ; but deliver us from evil. 
Amen. 

TTAIL, Mary, full of grace; The 
-*- J- Lord is with thee : blessed 
art thou among women, and blessed 
is the fruit of thy womb, JESUS. 

Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray 
for us sinners, now and at the hour 
of our death. Amen. 

T BELIEVE in God the Father 
* Almighty, Maker of heaven and 
earth. And in JESUS Christ, His 
Only Son, our Lord ; Who was con 
ceived by the Holy Ghost, Born of 



the Virgin Mary, suffered under 
Pontius Pilate, was crucified, dead, 
and buried : He descended into 
hell : the third day He rose again 
from the dead : He ascended into 
heaven, and sitteth on the right 
hand of God the Father Almighty : 
from thence He shall come to judge 
the quick and the dead. I believe 
in the Holy Ghost, the holy Catholic 
Church, the Communion of Saints, 
the Forgiveness of sins, the Resur 
rection of the body, and the Life 
everlasting. Amen. 

Then is said aloud: 

Verse. *J< Make haste, O God, 
to deliver me. 

Answer. Make haste to help me, 
O LORD. 

Glory be to the Father, and to the 
Son, and to the Holy Ghost. 

As it was in the beginning, is now, 
and ever shall be, world without end. 
Amen. Alleluia. ; ; 

From Septuagesima Sunday to 
Maundy Thursday instead of "Alle 
luia" is said: 

Ceaseless praise to Thee be given, 
O Eternal King of heaven. 



1 Prime is the first service of the Church for the day-time, Mattins and Lauds being for 
the middle and close of night. Its proper hour is when the sun has fairly risen, and day 
begun, which is reckoned to be about 6 A.M., about which time it is generally said in 
choirs. Sometimes Mattins, Lauds, and Prime are said together early in the morning, 
forming the complete morning service of the Church. It is from this aggregation that the 
" Morning Prayer" of the Anglican Prayer Book is derived. 



THE PSALTER. 



Then is said the following : 

HYMN. 1 

T^HE star of morn to night succeeds, 

We therefore meekly pray, 
May God, in all our words and deeds, 
Keep us from harm this day. 

May He in love restrain us still 
From tones of strife and words of ill, 
And wrap around and close our eyes 
To earth s absorbing vanities. 

May wrath and thoughts that gender 
shame 

Ne er in our breasts abide, 
And painful abstinences tame 

Of wanton flesh the pride ; 

So when the weary day is o er, 

And night and stillness come once 

more, 

Blameless and clean from spot of earth 
We may repeat with reverent mirth 

To God the Father glory be, 

And to His Only Son, 
And to the Spirit, One and Three, 

While endless ages run. 

Amen. 

The last verse is sometimes said thus, 
altered in honour of the Incarnation : 

JESU, the Virgin-born, to Thee 

Eternal praise be given, 
With Father, Spirit, One and Three, 

Here as it is in heaven. 

Amen. 

In Paschal time it is said thus, altered 
in honour of the Resurrection : 

To Father, Son; and Paraclete, 

The slain and risen Son, 
Be praise and glory, as is meet, 

While endless ages run. 

Amen. 

// is also occasionally otherwise al 
tered, which occasions are marked in 
their places. 

Then follow the Psalms. They are 
all said ^mder one Antiphoji, and 



when Five Antiphons have been said 
at Lauds, the First of these Five 
is the Antiphon at Prime, otherwise 
that given here is used. 

Antiphon. Alleluia. 



Psalm LI 1 1. 

[The superscription of this Psalm, after 
some words which are probably a musical 
direction, proceeds "[A Psalm] of David, 
when the Ziphim came and said to Saul, 
Doth not David hide himself with us ? " 
This was during the same period of his life 
in the South in which he composed Ps. 
Ixii. The Ziphim, or peasantry of the 
neighbourhood of Ziph, betrayed him twice 
to Saul, and both times, especially the first, 
he was in imminent peril. I Kings (Sam.) 
xxiii. 19-29. xxvi.] 

CAVE me, O God, in Thy Name, 
^ * and judge me in Thy 
power. 

Hear my prayer, O God : * give 
ear to the words of my mouth. 

For strangers are risen up against 
me, and oppressors seek after my 
soul : * and have not set God be 
fore them. 2 

Behold God is mine Helper : * 
and the Lord upholdeth my soul. 

Reward Thou evil unto mine 



enemes : 



and cut them off in 



Thy truth. 

I will freely sacrifice unto Thee : 
* and praise Thy Name, O LORD, 
for it is good. 

For Thou hast delivered me out 
of all trouble : * and mine eye 
hath seen [my desire] upon mine 
enemies. 

The following Psalm, " O give thanks 
unto the LORD," is said only on Sun 
days, when the Office is of the Sunday, 
nor is it said from Easter to Pentecost t 
both inclusive. Moreover it is not said 
on or after Septuagesima Sunday till 



1 Another Ambrosian hymn. Translation by the late Card. Newman. 



2 SLH. 



PRIME, OR THE FIRST HOUR. 



37 



Easter, but then is substituted for it 
Psalm xcii., " The LORD reigneth " 
(given at the beginning, of Lauds). 

Psalm CXVII. 

[From some verses it seems as though this 
Psalm was written for the Feast of Taber 
nacles, and perhaps as a processional at the 
entry of the King (David ?) into the place 
of worship. The Vulgate and the LXX. 
prefix the word Alleluia.] 

OGIVE thanks unto the LORD, 
for He is good : * for His 
mercy endureth for ever. 

Let Israel now say that He is 
good : * for His mercy endureth 
for ever. 

Let the house of Aaron now say, 

* that His mercy endureth for ever. 
Let them now that fear the LORD 

say, * that His mercy endureth for 
ever. 

I called upon the LORD in dis 
tress : * and the LORD heard me 
[and set me] at large. 

The LORD is on my side : * I 
will not fear what man can do 
unto me. 

The LORD is on my side : * and 
I shall see [my desire upon] them 
that hate me. 

It is better to put confidence in 
the LORD, * than to put confidence 
in man. 

It is better to trust in the LORD, 

* than to trust in princes. 

All nations compassed me about : 

* but in the Name of the LORD ! * 
I was avenged on them. 

They compassed me about, yea, 
they compassed me about : * but 
in the Name of the LORD ! I was 
avenged on them. 



They compassed me about like 
bees ; they burnt out as the fire 
of thorns : * but in the Name 
of the LORD ! I was avenged on 
them. 

They thrust sore at me, that I 
might fall : * but the LORD helped 
me. 

The LORD is my strength and 
my song, * and is become my 
salvation. 

The voice of rejoicing and salva 
tion * is in the tabernacles 2 of the 
righteous. 

The right hand of the LORD hath 
done valiantly. The right* hand of 
the LORD hath exalted me : * the 
right hand of the LORD hath done 
valiantly. 

I shall not die, but live, * and 
declare the works .of the LORD. 

The LORD hath chastened me 
sore : * but He hath not given me 
over unto death. 

Open to me the gates of right 
eousness ; I will go into them and 
praise the LORD. * This is the gate 
of the LORD, into which the righteous 
shall enter. 

I will praise Thee, for Thou hast 
heard me, * and art become my 
salvation. 

3 The stone which the builders 
refused * is become the head-stone 
of the corner. 

This is the LORD S doing : * and 
it is marvellous in our eyes. 

This is the day which the LORD 
hath made : * let us rejoice and be 
glad in it. 

Save me now, O LORD ! O LORD, 
send Thou prosperity. * Blessed 



1 Probably a war-cry. 

2 The allusion is to the ceremonial of the Feast of Tabernacles, Lev. xxiii. 42, 
dwell in booths seven days." 

3 These two verses were quoted by our Lord. Matth. xxi. 42 ; Mark xii. 10. 



Ye shall 



THE PSALTER. 



be he that cometh in the Name of 
the LORD ! l 

We have blessed you out of the 
house of the LORD. * God is the 
LORD and hath showed us light : 

Keep the solemn feast-day with 
leafy boughs, * even unto the horns 
of the Altar. 2 

Thou art my God, and I will 
praise Thee : * Thou art my God, 
and I will exalt Thee. 

I will give thanks unto Thee, for 
Thou hast heard me, * and art be 
come my salvation. 

O give thanks unto the LORD, 
for He is good : * for His mercy 
endureth for ever. 



Psalm CXVIII. 



T3LESSED are the undefiled in 
*-* the way, * who walk in the 
law of the LORD. 

Blessed are they that keep His 
testimonies : * that seek Him with 
the whole heart. 

For they that work iniquity, * 
walk not in His ways. 

Thou hast commanded us * to 
keep Thy precepts diligently. 

O that my ways were directed * 
to keep Thy statutes. 

Then shall I not be ashamed, * 



when I have respect unto all Thy 
commandments. 

I will praise Thee with upright 
ness of heart, * when I shall have 
learned Thy righteous judgments. 

I will keep Thy statutes : * O 
forsake me not utterly. 

Here the Doxology, " Glory be to the 
Father, c.," is not said. 



^[THEREWITHAL shall a young 
* * man keep his way ? * By 
taking heed unto Thy word. 

With my whole heart have I sought 
Thee : * O let me not wander from 
Thy commandments ! 

Thy word have I hid in mine 
heart, * that I might not sin against 
Thee. 

Blessed art Thou, O LORD : * teach 
me Thy statutes ! 

With my lips * have I declared 
all the judgments of Thy mouth. 

I have rejoiced in the way of Thy 
testimonies, * as much as in all 
riches. 

I will meditate on Thy pre 
cepts, * and have respect unto 
Thy ways. 

I will delight myself in Thy 
statutes : * I will not forget Thy 
word. 



1 Notice that this is the very verse which was sung during the Palm Sunday procession. 
The word Hosanna is a corruption of its third and fourth words viz., " Ho-shy ah na." 

a Lev. xxiii. 40. " And ye shall take you on the first day the boughs of goodly trees, 
branches of palm-trees, and the boughs of thick trees, and willows of the brook ; and ye 
shall rejoice before the LORD your God seven days." As to the Feast of Tabernacles, 
the Jewish tradition understands by "goodly trees" the citron, and by "thick trees" the 
myrtle. Branches of willow were fastened to the corners of the altar. 

3 This long poem in praise of the Divine Law, which the Church recites every day and 
all day, is A B C Darian. Its 176 verses are divided into twenty-two sections, of eight 
verses each, in each of which sections all the verses begin with the same letter of the 
Hebrew alphabet. The first eight, therefore, begin with Aleph, which somewhat cor 
responds to A. 

4 Here begins the letter Beth, somewhat represented by B. 



PRIME, OR THE FIRST HOUR. 



39 



Continuation of the same Psalm. 



DEAL bountifully with Thy ser 
vant, quicken me, * and I 
will keep Thy word. 

Open Thou mine eyes, * that I 
may behold wondrous things out of 
Thy law. 

I am a stranger in the earth : * 
hide not Thy commandments from 
me. 

My soul is an-hungered for the 
longing that it hath unto Thy 
judgments * at all times. 

Thou hast rebuked the proud : * 
they are cursed that do err from 
Thy commandments. 

Remove from me reproach and 
contempt : * for I have kept Thy 
testimonies. 

Princes also did sit and speak 
against me : * but Thy servant did 
meditate on Thy statutes. 

Thy testimonies also are my de 
light, * and Thy precepts my coun 
sellors. 

Here the Doxology, " Glory be to the 
Father, &c.," is not said. 



1V/TY soul cleaveth unto the 
IV J. ground : * quicken Thou 
me according to Thy word. 

I have declared my ways and 
Thou heardest me : * teach me Thy 
statutes. 

Make me to understand the way 



of Thy precepts : * so shall I talk 
of Thy wondrous works. 

My soul sleepeth for heaviness : * 
strengthen Thou me according unto 
Thy word. 

Remove from me the way of lying : 

* and grant me Thy law graciously. 

I have chosen the way of truth : 

* Thy judgments have I not for 
gotten. 

I cleave unto Thy testimonies, O 
LORD : * put me not to shame ! 

I have run the way of Thy com 
mandments, * since Thou hast en 
larged mine heart. 

The following Creed is only said on 
Sundays when the Office is of the Sun 
day, and on Trinity Sunday. The ex 
ceptions are Easter and Pentecost Sun 
days, when it is not said, because they 
are treated as Festivals. 

THE CREED OF ST ATHANASIUS. 3 

A WHOSOEVER willeth to be 
* * safe, * before all things it 
is necessary that he hold the 
Catholic Faith. 

Which faith except every one do 
keep whole and undefiled, * without 
doubt he shall perish eternally. 

Now the Catholic Faith is this, * 
that we worship One God in Trinity, 
and Trinity in Unity. 

Neither confounding the Persons, 

* nor dividing the Substance. 

For there is one Person of the 
Father, another of the Son, * and 
another of the Holy Ghost. 

But the Godhead of the Father, 



1 Here begins the letter Ghimel, answering partly to our G. 

2 Here begins the letter Daleth, answering partly to our D. 

3 The translation largely follows that in the Rev. A. E. Burn s Introduction to the 
Creeds. The origin and date of this hymn have been the subject of much discussion^ 
" It is agreed that it was not written by St Athanasius, and that it was written in Latin." 
In the opinion of Mr Burn the indications point to the South of Gaul as its place of origin, 
and to the decade A.D. 420-430 as the period of its composition. 



40 



THE PSALTER. 



of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost 
is One, * the Glory Equal, the 
Majesty Co-Eternal. 

Such as the Father is, such is the 
Son, * and such is the Holy Ghost. 

The Father Uncreated, the Son 
Uncreated, * and the Holy Ghost 
Uncreated. 

The Father Infinite, the Son In 
finite, * and the Holy Ghost In 
finite. 

The Father Eternal, the Son Eter 
nal, * and the Holy Ghost Eternal. 

And yet They are not Three 
Eternals, * but One Eternal. 

As also They are not Three Un 
created, nor Three Infinites, * but 
One Uncreated, and One Infinite. 

So likewise the Father is Almighty, 
the Son Almighty, * and the Holy 
Ghost Almighty. 

And yet They are not Three Al 
mighties, * but One Almighty. 

So the Father is God, the Son 
God, * and the Holy Ghost God. 

And yet They are not Three Gods, 

* but One God. 

So the Father is Lord, the Son 
Lord, * and the Holy Ghost Lord. 

And yet They are not Three 
Lords, * but One Lord. 

For, like as we are compelled by 
Christian truth to acknowledge every 
Person by Himself to be God and 
Lord, * so are we forbidden by the 
Catholic Religion to say, there be 
Three Gods or Three Lords. 

The Father is made of none, * 
neither created, nor begotten. 

The Son is of the Father alone : 

* not made, nor created, but Be 
gotten. 

The Holy Ghost is of the Father, 
and the Son : * not made, nor 
created, nor begotten, but Pro 
ceeding. 



So there is One Father, not Three 
Fathers ; One Son, not Three Sons ; 

* One Holy Ghost, not Three Holy 
Ghosts. 

And in this Trinity is nothing 
afore or after, nothing is greater or 
less; * but the whole Three Per 
sons are Co -Eternal together, and 
Co-Equal. 

So that in all things, as is afore 
said, * the Unity in Trinity, and 
the Trinity in Unity is to be wor 
shipped. 

He therefore that willeth to be 
safe, * let him thus think of the 
Trinity. 

But it is necessary to eternal 
salvation, * that he also believe 
faithfully the Incarnation of our 
Lord JESUS Christ. 

The right Faith therefore is, that 
we believe and confess, * that our 
Lord JESUS Christ, the Son of God, 
is God and Man. 

God, of the Substance of the 
Father, Begotten before the worlds : 

* and Man, of the substance of His 
mother, born in the world. 

Perfect God, Perfect Man, * of 
a reasoning Soul and human Flesh 
subsisting. 

Equal to the Father as touching 
His Godhead, inferior to the 
Father as touching His Manhood. 

Who, although He be God and 
Man, * yet He is not Two, but One 
Christ. 

One, however, not by conversion 
of the Godhead into Flesh, * but by 
taking of the Manhood into God. 

One altogether, not by confusion 
of Substance, * but by Unity of 
Person. 

For as the reasoning soul and 
flesh is one man, * so God and 
Man is One Christ. 



PRIME, OR THE FIRST HOUR. 



Who suffered for our salvation, 
descended into hell, * rose again 
the third day from the dead. 

He ascended into heaven, He sit- 
teth on the right hand of the Father, 
God Almighty, * from whence He 
shall come to judge the quick and 
the dead. 

At Whose coming all men shall 
rise again with their bodies, * and 
shall give account for their own 
works. 

And they that have done good 
shall go into life eternal, * but 
they that have done evil into 
eternal fire. 

This is the Catholic Faith, * which 
except a man believe faithfully and 
firmly, he cannot be safe. 

Here is said the Doxology, "Glory 
be to the Father, &c." 

Antipkon. Alleluia, Alleluia, Alle 
luia. 

In Paschal time is said a fourth 
time^ Alleluia. 

Then is said the Chapter, 
CHAPTER, (i Tim. i. 17.) 

UNTO the King Eternal, Im 
mortal and Invisible, the 
only God, be honour and glory for 
ever and ever. Amen. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

Then follows the Short Responsory. 

Christ, Thou Son of the Living 
God, have mercy on us. 

Answer. Christ, Thou Son of the 
Living God, have mercy on us. 

Verse. Thou That sittest at the 
right hand of the Father. 

Answer. Have mercy on us. 
Verse. Glory be to the Father, 



and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer. Christ, Thou Son of the 
Living God, have mercy on us. 

Verse. l Arise, O Christ, and help 
us. 

Answer. And deliver us for Thy 
Name s sake. 

This Responsory is occasionally al 
tered, which alterations are given in 
their proper places. From Low Su?t- 
day inclusive till Ascension Day ex 
clusive it is said thus : 

Christ, Thou Son of the Living 
God, have mercy on us. Alleluia, 
Alleluia. 

Answer. Christ, Thou Son of the 
Living God, have mercy on us. Alle 
luia, Alleluia. 

Verse. Thou That art arisen 
from the dead. 

Ansiver. Alleluia, Alleluia. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer. Christ, Thou Son of the 
Living God, have mercy on us. Alle 
luia, Alleluia. 

Verse. Arise, O Christ, and help 
us. Alleluia. 

Answer. And deliver us for Thy 
Name s sake. Alleluia. 

From Ascension Day inclusive till 
Pentecost exclusive it is the same, ex 
cept that instead of "Thou That art 
arisen from the dead" is said: 

Verse. Thou That art gone up 
above the stars. 

During the Octave of Pentecost it is 
still the same except that this Verse is 
said thus : 

Verse. Thou That sittest at the 
right hand of the Father. 



Ps. xliii. 26. 



VOL. IV. 



B 2 



4 2 



THE PSALTER. 



After the Short Responsory follow 
these prayers called the Preces, except 
on Doubles and within Octaves, when 
they are omitted down to the mark *. 

1 Kyrie eleison. 

Answer. Christe eleison. 

Kyrie eleison. 



Father (inaudibly), Who art 
in heaven, Hallowed be Thy 
Name. Thy kingdom come. Thy 
will be done on earth, as it is in 
heaven. Give us this day our daily 
bread. And forgive us our tres 
passes, as we forgive them that tres 
pass against us. (Aloud.) 

Verse. And lead us not into 
temptation. 

Answer. 
evil. 



But deliver us from 



T BELIEVE (inaudibly) in God 
the Father Almighty, Maker of 
heaven and earth. And in JESUS 
Christ, His only Son, our Lord : 
Who was conceived by the Holy 
Ghost, born of the Virgin Mary, 
suffered under Pontius Pilate, was 
crucified, dead, and buried : He de 
scended into hell : the third day He 
rose again from the dead : He as 
cended into heaven, and sitteth on 
the right hand of God the Father 
Almighty : from thence He shall 
come to judge the quick and the 
dead. I believe in the Holy Ghost, 
the Holy Catholic Church, the Com 
munion of Saints, the Forgiveness 
of sins. (Aloud.) 

Verse. The Resurrection of the 
body. 

Answer. And the Life everlast 
ing. Amen. 



Verse. 2 And unto Thee have I 
cried, O LORD. 

Answer. And in the morning 
shall my prayer come betimes be 
fore Thee. 

Verse. 3 Let my mouth be filled 
with Thy praise. 

Answer. That I may sing of Thy 
glory, all the day long of Thy great 
ness. 

Verse. 4 O Lord, hide Thy face 
from my sins. 

Answer. And blot out all mine 
iniquities. 

Verse. Create in me a clean heart, 
O God. 

Answer. And renew a right spirit 
within me. 

Verse. Cast me not away from 
Thy presence. 

Anstver. And take not Thine 
holy Spirit from me. 

Verse. Restore unto me the joy 
of Thy salvation. 

Answer. And uphold me with 
Thy free spirit. 

Verse. 5 >J< Our help is in the 
name of the LORD. 

Answer. Who made heaven and 
earth. 

The General Confession. 

T CONFESS to God Almighty, 
* to the Blessed Mary, always 
a Virgin, to the Blessed Michael 
the Archangel, to the Blessed John 
the Baptist, to the Holy Apostles 
Peter and Paul, and to all the 
Saints, that I have sinned exceed 
ingly in thought, word, and deed, 
by my fault, by my fault, by my 
most grievous fault. Therefore I 
beseech the Blessed Mary, always 



1 Greek Litany, signifying " Lord, have mercy Christ, have mercy Lord, have mercy." 

2 Ps. Ixxxvii. 14. 3 Ps. Ixx. 8. 4 Ps. 1. 11-14. 5 Ps. cxxiii. 8, 



PRIME, OR THE FIRST HOUR. 



43 



a Virgin, the Blessed Michael the 
Archangel, the Blessed John the 
Baptist, the Holy Apostles Peter 
and Paul, and all the Saints, to 
pray to the Lord our God for me. 

The Absolution. 

ALMIGHTY God have mercy 
^~~^- on us, forgive us our sins, 
and bring us to life everlasting. 
Answer. Amen. 

AY the Almighty and mer- 
ciful Lord grant us pardon, 
absolution, and remission of all our 
sins. 

Answer. Amen. 

Then the Office continues as follows : 

Verse. Vouchsafe, O Lord, this 
day. 

Answer. To keep us without 
sin. 

Verse. Have mercy upon us, O 
LORD. 

Answer. Have mercy upon us. 

Verse. O LORD, let Thy mercy 
lighten upon us. 

Answer. As our trust is in Thee. 

Here the Office is resumed when the 
Preces have been omitted. 

* Verse. Hear my prayer, O 
LORD. 

Answer. And let my cry come 
unto Thee. 

Let us pray. 

LORD God Almighty, Who 
hast safely brought us to the 
beginning of this day, defend us 
in the same with Thy mighty power : 
and grant that this day we fall into 
no sin, but that all our thoughts, 



words, and works may be ordered 
by Thy governance to do always 
that is righteous in Thy sight. 
Through our Lord JESUS Christ, 
Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth 
with Thee, in the unity of the Holy 
Ghost, one God, world without end. 

Answer. Amen. 

Verse. Hear my prayer, O LORD. 

Answer. And let my cry come 
unto Thee. 

Verse. Bless we the Lord. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

If the Prime of the Little Office of the 
Blessed Virgin Mary is to be said, it is 
said now. Then is read the Martyr- 
ology of the morrow, if it be to be read, 
the reader concluding with the words : 

And in other places many other 
holy Martyrs and Confessors and 
holy Virgins. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

After which the Office proceeds thus : J 

Verse. 2 Precious in the sight of 
the LORD. 

Answer. Is the death of His 
Saints. 

TV/FAY Holy Mary and all the 
* Saints plead for us with the 
Lord, that we may worthily be 
holpen and delivered by Him Who 
liveth and reigneth for ever and 
ever. 

Answer. Amen. 

Verse. Make haste, O God, to 
deliver me. 

Answer. Make haste to help me, 
O LORD. 

Verse. Make haste, O God, to 
deliver me. 

Answer. Make haste to help me, 
O LORD. 



1 Whether the Martyrology has been read or not. The Martyrology is never binding 
out of Choir. 2 Ps. cxv. 6. 



44 



THE PSALTER. 



Verse. Make haste, O God, to 
deliver me. 

Answer. Make haste to help me, 
O LORD. 

Glory be to the Father, and to 
the Son, and to the Holy Ghost. 

As it was in the beginning, is 
now, and ever shall be, world with 
out end. Amen. 

OUR Father (inaudibly], Who 
art in heaven, Hallowed be 
Thy Name. Thy kingdom come. 
Thy will be done on earth, as it is 
in heaven. Give us this day our 
daily bread. And forgive us our 
trespasses, as we forgive them that 
trespass against us. (Aloud^) 

Verse. And lead us not into 
temptation. 

Answer. But deliver us from 
evil. 

Verse. x Look upon Thy ser 
vants, O Lord, and upon the works 
of Thine hands, and order the go 
ings of their children. 

Answer. And let the beauty of 
the LORD our God be upon us, 
and establish Thou the work of 
our hands upon us, yea, the work 
of our hands, establish Thou it. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer. As it was in the be 
ginning, is now, and ever shall be, 
world without end. Amen. 

Let us pray. 

OLORD God, King of heaven 
and earth, may it please Thee 
this day to order and to hallow, to 



rule and to govern our hearts and 
our bodies, our thoughts, our words, 
and our works, according to Thy 
law and in the doing of Thy com 
mandments, that we, being holpen 
of Thee, may here, and for ever 
and ever, worthily be saved and de 
livered by Thee, O Saviour of the 
world, Who livest and reignest for 
ever and ever. 
Answer. Amen. 

Sir, be pleased to give the bless 
ing. 

The Blessing. 

The Lord Almighty order our 
days and deeds in His peace. 
Answer. Amen. 

Then is read the Short Lesson. On all 
Feasts, even Simples, and some other 
days, this is the same as the Chapter 
which is to be read at None, which will 
be found in its proper place. On other 
days one of the following is read, ac 
cording to the Season of the year. 

i. From the Octave of the Epiphany 
till the First Sunday in Lent, and 
from the Octave of Pentecost till 
Advent Sunday, all exclusive. 

2 Thess. iii. 5. 

And the Lord direct your hearts 
into the love of God, and into the 
patience of Christ. 

2. From Advent Sunday inclusive till 
Christmas Eve exclusive. 

Isa. xxxiii. 2. 

O LORD, be gracious unto us : 
for we have waited for Thee : be 
Thou our arm every morning, our 
salvation also in the time of 
trouble. 



.Ps. Ixxxix. 1 6, 17. 



PRIME, OR THE FIRST HOUR. 



45 



3. From the First Sunday in Lent in 
clusive till Passion Sunday exclusive. 

Isa.lv. 6. 

Seek ye the LORD, while He may 
be found : call ye upon Him while 
He is near. 



4. From Passion Sunday inclusive till 
Maundy Thursday exclusive. 

Isa. 1. 6. 

I hid not my face from shame 
and spitting. The Lord GOD x 
will help me, therefore also shall 
I not be confounded. 

5. From Easter Sunday inclusive till 
Ascension Day exclusive. 

Col. iii. i. 

If ye be risen with Christ, seek 
those things which are above, where 
Christ sitteth at the right hand of 
God : set your affections on things 
above, not on things on the earth. 

When the Reader has finished the 
Short Lesson, he says : 

But Thou, O Lord, have mercy 
upon us. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

Verse. Our help is in the name 
of the LORD. 

Answer. Who made heaven and 
earth. 

Verse. Bless ye. 

Answer. May God [bless us]. 

The Blessing. 

*J< The Lord bless us, and keep 
us from all evil, and bring us to life 
everlasting; and may the souls of 
the Faithful, through the mercy of 
God, rest in peace. 

Answer. Amen. 



Lastly, unless some other Hour is to 
follow immediately, the Lord s Prayer 
is said inaudibly. 

OUR Father, Who art in heaven, 
Hallowed be Thy Name. Thy 
kingdom come. Thy will be done 
on earth, as it is in heaven. Give 
us this day our daily bread. And 
forgive us our trespasses, as we 
forgive them that trespass against 
us. And lead us not into tempta 
tion ; but deliver us from evil. 
Amen. 

Note. When Office is said in Choir 
the Service is ended with the Antiphon 
of the Blessed Virgin Mary every time 
the Choir is left. Otherwise it is only 
said as given in this book, at the end of 
Lauds (or the aggregation of which 
Lauds forms a part} and Compline. 

Feasts. The above Office appointed 
for Sundays is also said on all Feasts 
whatsoever, even Simples, and every 
day in Paschal time. 



PRIME ON WEEK-DAYS. 

All the same as on Sunday, except as 
otherwise given here. 

Ordinary Antiphon during the 
year. Blessed are they that walk. 

In Advent the Antiphon is the First 
Antiphon which has been said at Lauds 
on Sunday, unless the day have a set of 
its own. 

Antiphon in Lent. As I live. 

Antiphon for Passiontide. De 
liver me, O Lord. 

Psalm cxvii., "O give thanks unto 
the LORD," is not said. On Saturday 
it is simply omitted, and only the three 
Feast- Day Psalms (viz. liii. and the two 
first sections 0/cxviii.) are said, but on 
the other days of the week one of the 
Psalms following is put in its place. 



1 The Divine Name. 



4 6 



THE PSALTER. 



Psalm XXIII. 

[Intituled "A Psalm of David." The 
Vulgate and the LXX. add "for the first 
day of the week."] 

THE earth is the LORD S and 
the fulness thereof; * the 
world, and they that dwell there 
in. 

For He hath founded it upon the 
seas, * and established it upon the 
floods. 

Who shall ascend into the moun 
tain of the LORD? * or who shall 
stand in His holy place? 

He that hath clean hands and 
a pure heart, * who hath not 
lifted up his soul unto vanity, nor 
sworn deceitfully unto his neigh 
bour. 

He shall receive a blessing from 
the LORD, * and mercy from the 
God of his salvation. 

This is the generation of them 
that seek Him, * that seek the 
face of the God of Jacob. 1 

Lift up your gates, O ye princes, 
and be ye lift up, ye everlasting 
doors ! * and the King of glory 
shall come in. 

Who is this King of glory ? * 
The LORD strong and mighty, the 
LORD mighty in battle. 

Lift up your gates, O ye princes, 
and be ye lift up, ye everlasting 
doors ! * and the King of glory 
shall come in. 

Who is this King of glory ? * 
The LORD of hosts, He is the 
King of glory. 1 



Psalm XXIV. 

[Intituled "Of David." This Psalm is 
ABC Darian.] 

UNTO Thee, O LORD, do I lift 
up my soul : * O my God, 
I trust in Thee, let me not be 
ashamed. 

Neither let mine enemies triumph 
over me : * for none that wait on 
Thee shall be ashamed : 

Let them be ashamed that 
transgress * without cause. 

Show me Thy ways, O LORD, * 
and teach me Thy paths. 

Lead me in Thy truth and teach 
me; * for Thou art the God of 
my salvation : and on Thee do I 
wait all the day. 

Remember, O LORD, Thy tender 
mercies, * and Thy loving-kind 
nesses, which have been ever of 
old. 

Remember not the sins of my 
youth, * nor my transgressions : 

According to Thy mercy remem 
ber Thou me, * for Thy goodness 
sake, O LORD. 

Good and upright is the LORD ; 
* therefore will He teach sinners 
in the way. 

The meek will He guide in judg 
ment : * the meek will He teach 
His way. 

All the paths of the LORD are 
mercy and truth, * unto such as 
keep His covenant and His testi 
monies. 

For Thy Name s sake, O LORD, 
pardon mine iniquity; * for it is 
great. 



SLH. 



PRIME, OR THE FIRST HOUR. 



47 



What man is he that feareth the 
LORD ? * him shall He teach in the 
way that He shall choose. 

His soul shall dwell at ease : * 
and his seed shall inherit the earth. 

The LORD is a strong rock unto 
them that fear Him; * and His 
covenant shall be made known to 
them. 

Mine eyes are ever toward the 
LORD : * for He shall pluck my feet 
out of the net. 

Turn Thee unto me, and have 
mercy upon me, * for I am desolate 
and afflicted. 

The troubles of mine heart are 
enlarged : * O bring me out of my 
distresses. 

Look upon mine affliction and my 
pain : * and forgive all my sins. 

Consider mine enemies, for they 
are many : * and they hate me with 
cruel hatred. 

O keep my soul, and deliver me : 
* let me not be ashamed, for I put 
my trust in Thee. 

The undefiled and the upright 
cleave to me : * for I wait on Thee. 

Redeem Israel, O God, * out of 
all his troubles ! 



Psalm XXV. 
[Intituled "Of David."] 

JUDGE me, O LORD, for I have 
walked in mine innocence : * I 
have trusted also in the LORD; I 
shall not slide. 

Examine me, O LORD, and prove 
me : * try as by fire my reins and 
mine heart. 

For Thy loving-kindness is before 
mine eyes : * and I have walked in 
Thy truth. 



I have not sat with vain persons, 

* neither will I go in with wrong 
doers. 

I hate the congregation of evil 
doers : * and will not sit with the 
wicked. 

I will wash mine hands in inno- 
cency, * and I will compass Thine 
Altar, O LORD. 

That I may hear the voice of 
thanksgiving, * and tell of all Thy 
wondrous works. 

LORD, I have loved the beauty of 
Thine house, * and the place where 
Thy glory dwelleth. 

Make not my soul to perish with 
sinners, O God, * nor my life with 
bloody men : 

In whose hands is mischief, * and 
their right hand is full of bribes. 

But as for me, I will walk in 
mine innocence : * redeem me, and 
be merciful unto me. 

My foot standeth in uprightness : 

* in the congregations will I bless 
Thee, O LORD. 



Psalm XXII. 
[Intituled "A Psalm of David."] 

THE LORD is my Shepherd, I 
shall not want. * He maketh 
me to lie down in green pastures : 

He leadeth me beside the still 
waters. * He restoreth my soul : 

He leadeth me in the paths of 
righteousness, * for His Name s 
sake. 

Yea, though I walk through the 
valley of the shadow of death, I will 
fear no evil : * for Thou art with 
me : 

Thy rod and Thy staff * they 
comfort me. 



4 8 



THE PSALTER. 



Thou preparest a table before me, 

* in the presence of mine enemies : 
Thou anointest mine head with 

oil : * and mine overflowing cup, O 
how goodly is it ! 

Surely Thy mercy shall follow me 

* all the days of my life : 

And I will dwell in the house of 
the LORD * for ever. 



Psalm XXI. 

[Intituled "A Psalm of David." It has 
a musical (?) superscription, from part of 
which it appears that it was written for a 
tune called "The hind of the morning."] 

1\ /TY God, my God, look upon 
* me 1 : why hast Thou for 
saken me? * the voice of mine of 
fences keepeth Thy deliverance far 
from me. 

O my God, I cry in the day-time, 
and Thou hearest not : * and in the 
night season and still it is not fool 
ishness in me. 

But Thou dwellest in holiness, * 
O Thou Praise of Israel ! 

Our fathers trusted in Thee : * 
they trusted, and Thou didst deliver 
them, 

They cried unto Thee, and were 
delivered : * they trusted in Thee, 
and were not confounded. 

But I am a worm and no man : * 
a reproach of men, and despised of 
the people. 

2 All they that see me laugh me to 
scorn : * they shoot out the lip, and 
shake their head : 

He trusted in the LORD, let Him 
rescue him : * let Him deliver him, 
seeing He delighteth in him. 



But Thou art He That took me 
out of the womb : * Thou art mine 
hope from my mother s breasts. I 
was cast upon Thee from the womb : 

Thou art my God from my 
mother s belly. * Be not far from 
me : 

For trouble is near : * for there is 
none to help. 

Many bulls have compassed me : 
* strong bulls have beset me round. 

They gaped upon me with their 
mouths, * as a ravening and a roar 
ing lion. -; } 

I am poured out like water, * and 
all my bones are out of joint ; 

Mine heart is like melting wax * 
in the midst of my bowels. 

My strength is dried up like a 
potsherd, and my tongue cleaveth to 
my jaws : * and Thou hast brought 
me into the dust of death. 

For many dogs have compassed 
me : * the assembly of the wicked 
have inclosed me. 

They pierced mine hands and my 
feet : * they have told all my bones : 

They look and stare upon me. * 
They part my garments among them, 
and upon my vesture do they cast 
lots. 

But let not Thine help be far from 
me ; O LORD, * haste Thee to save 
me. 

God, deliver my soul from the 
sword : * my darling from the power 
of the dog ! 

Save me from the lion s mouth ; * 
and mine affliction from the horns of 
the unicorns. 

1 will declare Thy name unto my 
brethren : * in the midst of the 
congregation will I praise Thee. 



1 The words "My God, My God, why hast Thou forsaken Me?" were quoted by our 
Lord upon the Cross (Matth. xxvii. 46 ; Mark xv. 34). 

2 Read Matth. xxvii. 39-44. 



PRIME, OR THE FIRST HOUR. 



49 



Ye that fear the LORD, praise 
Him : * all ye seed of Jacob, glorify 
Him ; 

Let all the seed of Israel fear 
Him. * For He hath not despised 
nor abhorred the prayer of the 
poor; 

Neither hath He hid His face 
from me : * but when I cried unto 
Him, He heard me. 

My praise shall be of Thee in the 
great congregation : * I will pay my 
vows before them that fear Him. 

The poor shall eat and be satis 
fied, and they shall praise the LORD 
that seek Him : * their heart shall 
live for ever. 

All the ends of the earth * shall 
remember and turn unto the LORD. 

And all the kindreds of the na 
tions * shall worship before Him. 

For the kingdom is the LORD S : 

* and He hath dominion among the 
nations. 

All they that be fat upon earth 
shall eat and worship : * all they 
that go down to the dust shall fall 
down before Him : 

My soul also shall live unto Him ; 

* and my seed shall serve Him : 
The generation to come shall tell 

it unto the Lord : * and the heavens 
shall declare His righteousness unto 
a people that shall be born, whom 
the Lord hath made. 



Psalm cxvii. is simply omitted and 
no other is substituted for it. 

Ordinary Antiphon during the 
year. Blessed are they that walk 
in Thy law, O Lord. 



In Advent the Antiphon is the First 
Antiphon which has been said at Lauds 
on Sunday, ujiless the day have a set of 
its own. 

Antiphon in Lent. 1 As I live, 
saith the LORD, I have no pleasure 
in the death of the wicked, but 
rather that he turn from his way and 
live. 

Antiphon for Passiontide. 2 De 
liver me, O Lord, and set me be 
side Thee : and any man s hand 
may fight against me. 

CHAPTER. (Zech. viii. 19.) 

LOVE peace and truth, saith the 
Lord Almighty. 

If the Preces have not been said at 
Lauds, then the Preces are now said, 
as on Sunday; but if the Lauds Preces 
have been said, the following longer 
form is used, all kneeling: 

Kyrie eleison. 

Answer. Christe eleison. 

Kyrie eleison. 



OUR Father (inaudibly}, Who 
art in heaven, Hallowed be 
Thy Name. Thy kingdom come. 
Thy will be done on earth, as it is 
in heaven. Give us this day our 
daily bread. And forgive us our 
trespasses, as we forgive them that 
trespass against us. (Aloud.} 

Verse. And lead us not into 
temptation. 

Answer. 
evil. 



But deliver us from 



1 



BELIEVE (inaudibly} in God 

the Father Almighty, Maker of 
heaven and earth. And in JESUS 



1 Ezek. xxxiii. 1 1. 



2 Job xvii. 3. 



THE PSALTER. 



Christ, His only Son, our Lord : 
Who was conceived by the Holy 
Ghost, born of the Virgin Mary, 
suffered under Pontius Pilate, was 
crucified, dead, and buried : He 
descended into hell : the third day 
He rose again from the dead : He 
ascended into heaven, and sitteth 
on the right hand of God the 
Father Almighty : from thence He 
shall come to judge the quick and 
the dead. I believe in the Holy 
Ghost, the Holy Catholic Church, 
the Communion of Saints, the For 
giveness of sins. (Aloud.) 

Verse. The Resurrection of the 
body. 

Answer. And the Life everlast 
ing. Amen. 

Verse. And unto Thee have I 
cried, O LORD. 

Answer. And in the morning 
shall my prayer come betimes before 
Thee. 

Verse. Let my mouth be filled 
with Thy praise. 

Answer. That I may sing of 
Thy glory, all the day long of Thy 
greatness. 

Verse. O Lord, hide Thy face 
from my sins. 

Answer. And blot out all mine 
iniquities. 

Verse. Create in me a clean 
heart, O God. 

Answer. And renew a right spirit 
within me. 

Verse. Cast me not away from 
Thy presence. 

Ansiver. And take not Thine 
Holy Spirit from me. 



Verse. Restore unto me the joy 
of Thy salvation. 

Answer. And uphold me with 
Thy free spirit. 

Verse. x Deliver me, O LORD, 
from the evil man. 

Answer. And preserve me from 
the wicked man. 

Verse. 2 Deliver me from mine 
enemies, O my God. 

Answer. And defend me from 
them that rise up against me. 

Verse. Deliver me from the 
workers of iniquity. 

Answer. And save me from 
bloody men. 

Verse. 3 So will I sing unto Thy 
Name for ever. 

Answer. That I may daily per 
form my vows. 

Verse. 4 Answer us, O God of 
our salvation. 

Answer. Who art the confidence 
of all the ends of the earth, and of 
them that are afar off upon the sea. 

Verse. Make haste, O God, to 
deliver me. 

Answer. Make haste to help me, 
O LORD. 

Verse. 5 Holy God, Holy Mighty, 
Holy Immortal. 

Answer. Have mercy on us. 

Verse. 6 Bless the LORD, O my 
soul. 

Answer. And all that is within 
me, bless His holy Name. 

Verse. Bless the LORD, O my soul. 

Answer. And forget not all his 
benefits. 

Verse. Who forgiveth all thine 
iniquities. 



1 Ps. cxxxix. 2. 2 Ps. Iviii. 2, 3. 3 Ps. Ix. 9. 4 Ps. Ixiv. 6. 

5 Called the " Trisagion " in the Eastern Church. Its legendary origin is that it was 
learnt from angels by a boy who was carried up into the air during a tempest at Con 
stantinople in the time of St Proclus (A.D. 434). It is probably much older than his 
time. Photius thought it was adapted from Ps. xli. 2. 6 Ps. cii. 1-5. 



PRIME, OR THE FIRST HOUR. 



Answer. Who healeth all thy 
diseases. 

Verse. Who redeemeth thy life 
from destruction. 

Answer. Who crowneth thee 
with loving - kindness and tender earth, 
mercies. 

Verse. Who satisfieth thy desire 
with good things. 



Answer. Thy youth is renewed 
like the eagle s. 

Verse. *J Our help is in the 
name of the LORD. 

Answer. Who made heaven and 



Then is made the General Confession, 
and all proceeds as on Sunday. 



TERCE, OR THE THIRD HOUR. 1 



JBce for efaerg Dag in 



At the beginning of Terce the Lord ** 
Prayer and the Angelic Salutation are 
said inaudibly. 

OUR Father, Who art in heaven, 
Hallowed be Thy Name. Thy 
kingdom come. Thy will be done 
on earth, as it is in heaven. Give 
us this day our daily bread. And 
forgive us our trespasses, as we for 
give them that trespass against us. 
And lead us not into temptation ; 
but deliver us from evil. Amen. 

T T AIL, Mary, full of grace ; The 
-* ! Lord is with thee : blessed 
art thou among women, and blessed 
is the fruit of thy womb, JESUS. 

Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray 
for us sinners, now, and at the hour 
of our death. Amen. 

Thsn is said aloud : 

Verse. ^ Make haste, O God, 
to deliver me. 

Answer. Make haste to help me, 
O LORD. 

Glory be to the Father, and to the 
Son, and to the Holy Ghost. 



As it was in the beginning, is now, 
and ever shall be, world without end. 
Amen. Alleluia. 

From Septuagesima Sunday to 
Maundy Thursday instead of "Alle 
luia" is said: 

Ceaseless praise to Thee be given, 
O Eternal King of heaven. 

Then is said the following : 
HYMN. 2 



, Holy Ghost, Who ever One, 
Reignest with Father and with 

Son, 

3 It is the hour, our souls possess 
With Thy full flood of holiness. 

Let flesh, and heart, and lips, and mind, 
Sound forth our witness to mankind ; 
And love light up our mortal frame 
Till others catch the living flame. 

Now to the Father, to the Son, 
And to the Spirit, Three in One, 
Be praise, and thanks, and glory given, 
By men on earth, by Saints in heaven. 

Amen. 

The last verse is sometimes said thus, 
altered in honour of the Incarnation : 

JESU, the Virgin-born, to Thee, 
To Father, Spirit, One and Three, 
Be praise, and thanks, and glory given, 
By men on earth, by Saints in heaven. 

Amen. 



1 The proper hour of Terce is 9 A.M., about which time it is generally said in 
communities before the Community Mass. 

2 Another hymn of the Ambrosian school. Translation by the late Card. Newman. 

3 It was at this the third hour that the Holy Ghost descended on the day of Pente 
cost. Acts ii. 15. 



TERCE, OR THE THIRD HOUR. 



53 



In Paschal time it is said thus, al 
tered in honour of the Resurrection : 

JESU, our Risen Lord, to Thee, 
To Father, Spirit, One and Three, 
Be praise, and thanks, and glory given, 
By men on earth, by Saints in heaven. 

Amen. 

// is also occasionally otherwise al 
tered, which occasions are marked in 
their places. 

Then follow six sections of Psalm 
CX VIIL They are all said under one 
Antiphon, and when Five Antiphons 
have been said at Lauds, the Second of 
these Five is the Antiphon at Terce. 
Otherwise those given here are used. 

Ordinary Antiphon for Sundays ; 
and for every day in Paschal time. 
Alleluia. 

Ordinary Antiphon for Week-days. 
Lead me. 

In Advent the Antiphon is the Second 
Antiphon which has been said at Lauds 
on Sunday, unless the day have a set of 
its own. 

Antiphon in Lent. Behold now 
is the day. 

Antiphon in Passiontide. O Lord, 
Thou hast judged. 



Continuation of Psalm C XVI II. 



TEACH me, O LORD, the way of 
Thy statutes: * and I shall 
keep it unto the end. 

Give me understanding, and I 
shall keep Thy law : * yea, I shall 
observe it. with my whole heart. 
Lead me in the path of Thy 



commandments : * for therein do I 
delight. 

Incline mine heart unto Thy testi 
monies, * and not to covetousness. 

Turn away mine eyes from be 
holding vanity : * quicken Thou me 
in Thy way. 

Stablish Thy word unto Thy ser 
vant, * that he may fear Thee. 

Turn away my reproach, which I 
dread : * for Thy judgments are 
good. 

Behold, I have longed after 
Thy precepts : * quicken me in 
Thy righteousness. 

Here the Doxology, " Glory be to the 
Father, &c.," is not said. 



T ET Thy mercy come also unto 
" me, O LORD : * even Thy sal 
vation, according to Thy word. 

So shall I have wherewith to 
answer him that reproacheth me : 
* for I trust in Thy word. 

And take not the word of truth 
utterly out of my mouth : * for I 
have hoped in Thy judgments. 

So shall I keep Thy law contin 
ually, * for ever and ever. 

And I will walk at liberty : * for 
I seek Thy precepts. 

I will speak of Thy testimonies 
also before kings : * and will not be 
ashamed. 

And I will delight myself in Thy 
commandments, * which I have loved. 

Mine hands also will I lift up 
unto Thy commandments, which I 
have loved : * and I will meditate 
in Thy statutes. 



1 Here begins the letter He, an aspirate, nearly represented by our H. 

2 Here begins the letter Van, variously attempted to be represented by V, W, 



O, Oo. 



U, 



54 



THE PSALTER. 



Continuation of the same Psalm. 



ID EMEMBER Thy word unto 
tV Thy servant, * upon which 
Thou hast caused me to hope. 

This is my comfort in mine afflic 
tion, * that Thy word hath quickened 
me. 

The proud have behaved them 
selves very wickedly : * yet have I 
not turned aside from Thy law. 

I remembered Thy judgments of 
old, O LORD : * and have comforted 
myself. 

Horror hath taken hold upon me, 

* because of the wicked that forsake 
Thy law. 

Thy statutes have been my songs 

* in the house of my pilgrimage. 

I have remembered Thy Name, O 
LORD, in the night, * and have kept 
Thy law. 

This I had, * because I kept Thy 
precepts. 

Here the Doxology, " Glory be to the 
Father, &c.," is not said. 

tt 2 

T^HOU art my portion, O LORD, 
* * I have said that I would 
keep Thy law. 

I entreated Thy favour with my 
whole heart : * be merciful unto me 
according to Thy word. 

I thought on my ways, * and 
turned my feet unto Thy testi 
monies. 

I made haste, and delayed not 

* to keep Thy commandments. 
The bands of the wicked have 



compassed me about : * yet have 
I not forgotten Thy law. 

At midnight I will rise to give 
thanks unto Thee, * because of 
Thy righteous judgments. 

I am the companion of all them 
that fear Thee, * and of them that 
keep Thy precepts. 

The earth, O LORD, is full of 
Thy mercy : * teach me Thy 
statutes. 



Continuation of the same Psalm. 

to 3 

hast dealt well with Thy 
servant, O LORD, * according 
to Thy word. 

Teach me goodness, and judg 
ment, and knowledge : * for I have 
believed Thy commandments. 

Before I was afflicted, I went 
astray : * therefore now I have 
kept Thy word. 

Thou art good, * and in Thy 
goodness teach me Thy statutes. 

The proud have dealt very 
wickedly with me : * but I will 
keep Thy precepts with my whole 
heart. 

Their heart is curdled as milk : 4 
* but I delight in Thy law. 

It is good for me that Thou hast 
afflicted me : * that I might learn 
Thy statutes. 

The law of Thy mouth is better 
unto me, * than thousands of gold 
and silver. 

Here the Doxology, " Glory be to the 
Father, &c.," is not said. 



1 Here begins the letter Zain, answering to Z. 

2 Here begins the letter Kheth, a strong guttural, variously represented by Kh and Hh. 

3 Here begins the letter Teth, represented by T. 

4 " Gross as fat is their heart " (Leeser). The idea conveyed is that of stupidity. 



TERCE, OR THE THIRD HOUR. 



55 



THINE hands have made me and 
fashioned me : * give me 
understanding, that I may learn 
Thy commandments. 

They that fear Thee will be glad 
when they see me : * because I have 
hoped in Thy word. 

I know, O LORD, that Thy judg 
ments are right, * and that Thou 
in faithfulness hast afflicted me. 

Let Thy merciful kindness be for 
my comfort, * according to Thy 
word unto Thy servant. 

Let Thy tender mercies come unto 
me, that I may live : * for Thy law 
is my delight. 

Let the proud be ashamed, for 
they dealt wrongfully with me with 
out a cause : * but I will meditate 
in Thy precepts. 

Let those that fear Thee turn 
unto me, * and those that know 
Thy testimonies. 

Let mine heart be undented in 
Thy statutes, * that I be not 
ashamed. 

Ordinary Antiphon for Sundays. 
Alleluia, Alleluia, Alleluia. 

Antiphon for every day in Paschal 
time. Alleluia, Alleluia, Alleluia, 
Alleluia. 

Ordinary Antiphon for Week 
days. 2 Lead me in the path of 
Thy commandments, O Lord. 

In Advent the Antiphon is the Second 
Antiphon which has been said at Lauds 
on Stfnday, unless the day have a set of 
its own. 

Antiphon in Lent. Behold now 
is the day of repentance, to redeem 
sin, and save the soul. 



Antiphon in Passiontide. 3 O 
Lord, Thou hast judged the cause 
of my soul. Thou hast redeemed 
my life, O Lord my God. 

Then follows the Chapter and the 
Short Responsory. When they are not 
given specially, one of the following is 
used. After the Chapter is always an 
swered, " Thanks be to God." 

On Sundays, from the Third Sun 
day after the Epiphany inclusive until 
Septuagesima Sunday exclusive, and 
from the Third Sunday after Pentecost 
inclusive until Advent Sunday exchcsive 
are said the following, and the Respon 
sory is used moreover till the First 
Sunday in Lent exclusive. 

CHAPTER, (i John iv. 16.) 

GOD is love : and he that dwell- 
eth in love dwelleth in God, 
and God in him. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

Short Responsory. 

4 Incline mine heart unto Thy 
testimonies, O God. 

Answer. Incline mine heart unto 
Thy testimonies, O God. 

Verse. Turn away mine eyes from 
beholding vanity : quicken Thou me 
in Thy way. 

Answer. Unto Thy testimonies, 
O God. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer. Incline mine heart unto 
Thy testimonies, O God. 

Verse. 5 I said, LORD, be merci 
ful unto me. 

Answer. Heal my soul, for I 
have sinned against Thee. 



1 Here begins the letter Jod, variously represented by J, Y, I, Ee. 

2 Ps. cxviii. 35. 3 Lam. iii. 58. 4 Ps. cxviii. 36, 37. 



5 Ps. xl. 5. 



THE PSALTER. 



On ordinary Week-days throughout 
the year are said the following : 

CHAPTER. (Jer. xvii. 14.) 

HEAL me, O LORD, and I shall 
be healed : save me, and I 
shall be saved : for Thou art my 
praise. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

Short Responsory. 

Heal my soul, for I have sinned 
against Thee. 

Answer. Heal my soul, for I 
have sinned against Thee. 

Verse. I said, LORD, be merciful 
unto me. 

Answer. For I have sinned against 
Thee. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer. Heal my soul, for I 
have sinned against Thee. 

Verse. 1 Be Thou mine Helper, 
neither leave me, 

Answer. Nor forsake me, O God 
of my salvation. 

In Advent are said the following (but 
the Chapter on Week-days only} : 

CHAPTER. (Jer. xxiii. 5.) 

BEHOLD, the days come, saith 
the LORD, that I will raise 
unto David a righteous branch : and 
a King shall reign in wisdom, and 
shall execute judgment and justice 
in the earth. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

Short Responsory. 

Come and save us, O Lord God 
of hosts. 



Answer. Come and save us, O 
Lord God of hosts. 

Verse. 2 Cause Thy face to shine, 
and we shall be saved. 

Answer. O Lord God of hosts. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer. Come and save us, O 
Lord God of hosts. 

Verse. 3 The heathen shall fear 
Thy Name, O LORD. 

Ansiver. And all the kings of 
the earth Thy glory. 

In Lent are said the following (but the 
Chapter on Week-days only) : 

CHAPTER. (Joel ii. 12, 13.) 



ye to Me with all your 
heart, with fasting, and with 
weeping, and with mourning. And 
rend your heart and not your gar 
ments, saith the Lord Almighty. 
Answer. Thanks be to God. 

Short Responsory. 

4 He hath delivered me from the 
snare of the fowler. 

Answer. He hath delivered me 
from the snare of the fowler. 

Verse. And from the noisome 
pestilence. 

Answer. From the snare of the 
fowler. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer. He hath delivered me 
from the snare of the fowler. 

Verse. He shall cover thee with 
His wings. 

Answer. And under His feathers 
shalt thou trust. 



Ps. xxvi. 9. 



2 Ps. Ixxix. 4. 



Ps. ci. 1 6. 



4 Ps. xc. 3. 



TERCE, OR THE THIRD HOUR. 



57 



In Passiontide are said the following 
(but the Chapter on Week-days only) : 

CHAPTER. (Jer. xvii. 13.) 

OLORD, all that forsake Thee 
shall be ashamed : they that 
depart from Thee shall be written 
in the earth : because they have 
forsaken the LORD, the fountain of 
living waters. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

Short Responsory. 

1 O God, deliver my soul from 
the sword. 

Answer. O God, deliver my soul 
from the sword. 

Verse. And my darling from 
the power of the dog. 

Answer. My soul from the sword. 
O God, deliver my soul from the 
sword. 

Verse. O Lord, save me from 
the lion s mouth. 

Answer. And mine affliction 
from the horns of the unicorns. 

hi Paschal time are said the following 
(btit the Chapter on Week-days only) : 

CHAPTER. (Rom. vi. 9.) 

/CHRIST, being raised from the 
^- dead, dieth no more, death 
hath no more dominion over Him. 
For in that He died, He died unto 
sin once ; but in that He liveth, He 
liveth unto God. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

Short Responsory. 

The Lord is risen from the grave, 
Alleluia, Alleluia. 

Answer. The Lord is risen from 
the grave, Alleluia, Alleluia. 



Verse. Who hung for us upon 
the tree. 

Answer. Alleluia, Alleluia. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer. The Lord is risen from 
the grave, Alleluia, Alleluia. 

Verse. 2 The Lord is risen in 
deed, Alleluia. 

Answer. And hath appeared to 
Simon, Alleluia. 

After the Short Responsory, if the 
Preces have been said at Lauds, all kneel 
down and the following are said; but 
if the Preces have been omitted at Lauds, 
then these are also omitted down to the 
mark *. 

Kyrie eleison. 

Answer. Christe eleison. 

Kyrie eleison. 

OUR Father (inaudibly), Who 
art in heaven, Hallowed be 
Thy Name. Thy kingdom come. 
Thy will be done on earth, as it is 
in heaven. Give us this day our 
daily bread. And forgive us our 
trespasses, as we forgive them that 
trespass against us. (Aloud^) 

Verse. And lead us not into 
temptation. 

Answer. But deliver us from evil. 

Verse. 3 Turn us again, O Lord 
God of hosts. 

Answer. And cause Thy face to 
shine, and we shall be saved. 

Verse. Arise, O Christ, and help 
us. 

Answer. And deliver us for Thy 
Name s sake. 

Here the Office is contmued when the 
above has been omitted. 



Ps. xxi. 21. 



Luke xxiv. 34. 



THE PSALTER. 



* Verse. Hear my prayer, O 
LORD. 

Answer. And let my cry come 
unto Thee. 

Let us pray. 

Here is said the Prayer for the day, 
after which : 

Verse. Hear my prayer, O LORD. 
Answer. And let my cry come 
unto Thee. 

Verse. Bless we the Lord. 
Answer. Thanks be to God. 

If the Little Office of the Blessed 
Virgin Mary is to follow immediately, 
it is begun here, and what follows is not 
said. Otherwise the Office ends thus : 

Verse (said in a somewhat lower 
voice}. May the souls of the Faith 
ful, through the mercy of God, rest 
in peace. 

Answer. Amen. 



Lastly, unless Sext follow, the Lord^s 
Prayer is said inaudibly. 

OUR Father, Who art in heaven, 
Hallowed be Thy Name. Thy 
kingdom come. Thy will be done 
on earth, as it is in heaven. Give 
us this day our daily bread. And 
forgive us our trespasses, as we for 
give them that trespass against us. 
And lead us not into temptation ; 
but deliver us from evil. Amen. 

Note. When Office is said in Choir 
the Service is ended with the Antiphon 
of the Blessed Virgin Mary every time 
the Choir is left. Otherwise it is only 
said as given in this book, at the end 
of Lauds (or the aggregation of which 
Lauds forms a part] and Compline. 

Feasts. The above Office, appointed 
for all Sundays and Week-days through 
out the year, is likewise said on all 
Feasts. 



59 



SEXT, OR THE SIXTH HOUR. 1 



ffitce for eberg fcag in tfje 



At the beginning of Sext, the Lord s 
Prayer and the Angelic Salutation are 
said inaudibly. 

OUR Father, Who art in heaven, 
Hallowed be Thy Name. Thy 
kingdom come. Thy will be done 
on earth, as it is in heaven. Give 
us this day our daily bread. And 
forgive us our trespasses, as we for 
give them that trespass against us. 
And lead us not into temptation; 
but deliver us from evil. Amen. 

TIAIL, Mary, full of grace; The 
-* * Lord is with thee : blessed 
art thou among women, and blessed 
is the fruit of thy womb, JESUS. 

Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray 
for us sinners, now, and at the hour 
of our death. Amen. 

Then is said aloud : 

Verse. >J Make haste, O God, to 
deliver me. 

Answer. Make haste to help me, 
O LORD. 

Glory be to the Father, and to 
the Son, and to the Holy Ghost. 

As it was in the beginning, is 

1 The proper hour for Sext is 12 noon, 
munity Mass. 

2 Another hymn of the Ambrosian school 
late Card. Newman. 



now, and ever shall be, world with 
out end. Amen. Alleluia. 

From Septuagesima Sunday to 
Mattndy Thursday, instead of "Alle 
luia" is said: 

Ceaseless praise to Thee be given, 
O Eternal King of Heaven. 

Then is said the following : 

HYMN. 2 

OGOD, Who canst not change nor 
fail, 

Guiding the hours, as they roll by, 
Brightening with beams the morning 

pale, 
And burning in the mid-day sky ; 

Quench Thou the fires of hate and 

strife, 

The wasting fever of the heart ; 
From perils guard our feeble life, 
And to our souls Thy peace impart. 

Grant this, O Father, Only Son, 
And Holy Spirit, God of grace, 
To Whom all glory, Three in One, 
Be given in every time and place. 

Amen. 

The last verse is sometimes said thus, 
altered in honour of the Incarnation : 

Hear, JESTJ, Virgin-born, our cry, 
With Father and with Holy Ghost, 
To Whom be praise, here as on high, 
On earth as mid the Angelic Host. 

Amen. 

In Choirs it is generally said after the Com- 
, with one word altered. Translation by the 



6o 



THE PSALTER. 



In Paschal time it is said thus, altered 
in honour of the Resurrection : 

To Thee, our Risen Lord, we cry, 
With Father and with Holy Ghost, 
To Whom be praise, here as on high, 
On earth as mid the Angelic Host. 

Amen. 

// is also occasionally otherwise al 
tered, which occasions are marked in 
their places. 

Then follow six sections of Psalm 
CX VIII. They are all said under one 
Antiphon, and when Five Antiphons 
have been said at Lauds the third of 
these Five is the Antiphon at Sext. 
Otherwise those given here are used. 

Ordinary Antiphon for Sundays 
and for every day in Paschal time. 
Alleluia. 

Ordinary Antiphon for Week-days. 
Hold Thou me up. 

In Advent the Antiphon is the Third 
Antiphon which has been said at Lauds 
on Sunday, unless the day have a set of 
its own. 

Antiphon in Lent. Let us ap 
prove ourselves. 

Antiphon in Passiontide. O My 
people. 



Continuation of Psalm CXVIII. 



1V/TY soul fainteth for Thy salva- 
ly** tion : * but I hope in Thy 
word. 

Mine eyes fail for Thy word, * 
saying : When wilt Thou comfort 
me? 

For I am become like a wine 
skin in time of frost : * yet do I 
not forget Thy statutes. 



How many are the days of Thy 
servant ? * when wilt Thou execute 
judgment on them that persecute 
me? 

The wicked have spoken lies 
unto me, * which are not after Thy 
law. 

All Thy commandments are faith 
ful : * they persecute me wrongfully, 
help Thou me. 

They had almost consumed me 
upon earth : * but I forsook not 
Thy precepts. 

Quicken me after Thy loving- 
kindness : * so shall I keep the 
testimony of Thy mouth. 

Here the Doxology, " Glory be to the 
Father, &c.," is not said. 



FOR ever, O LORD, * Thy word 
is settled in heaven. 

Thy faithfulness is unto all genera 
tions : * Thou hast established the 
earth, and it abideth. 

The day continueth by Thine 
ordinance : * for all things serve 
Thee. 

Unless Thy law had been my 
delight, * then perchance I should 
have perished in mine affliction. 

I will never forget Thy precepts : 
* for with them Thou hast quick 
ened me. 

I am Thine, save me : * for I 
have sought Thy precepts. 

The wicked have waited for me, 
to destroy me : * but I considered 
Thy testimonies. 

I have seen an end of all perfec 
tion : * but Thy commandment is 
exceeding broad. 



1 Here begins the letter Caph, a guttural variously represented by C, Q, Ch, &c. 

2 Here begins the letter Lamed, answering to L. 



SEXT, OR THE SIXTH HOUR. 



61 



Continuation of the same Psalm. 



HOW I love Thy law, O Lord ! 
* it is my meditation all the 



O 

day. 

Thou, through Thy command 
ments, hast made me wiser than 
mine enemies : * for they are ever 
with me. 

I have more understanding than 
all my teachers : * for Thy testi 
monies are my meditation. 

I understand more than the an 
cients, * because I keep Thy pre 
cepts. 

I have refrained my feet from 
every evil way ; * that I might keep 
Thy word. 

I have not departed from Thy 
judgments : * for Thou hast taught 
me. 

How sweet are Thy words unto 
my taste ! * yea, sweeter than honey 
to my mouth. 

Through Thy precepts I get un 
derstanding : * therefore I hate every 
false way. 

Here the Doxology, " Glory be to the 
Father, &c.," is not said. 



THY word is a lamp unto my feet, 
* and a light unto my path. 
I have sworn, and am stedfastly 
purposed, * to keep Thy righteous 
judgments. 

I am afflicted very much, O 
LORD : * quicken me according to 
Thy word. 

Accept, I beseech Thee, the free 



will offerings of my mouth, O LORD : 
* and teach me Thy judgments. 

My soul is continually in mine 
hand : * yet do I not forget Thy law. 

The wicked have laid a snare for 
me : " yet I erred not from Thy 
precepts. 

Thy testimonies have I taken as 
an heritage for ever : * for they are 
the rejoicing of mine heart. 

I have inclined mine heart to 
perform Thy statutes always, * be 
cause of the reward. 



Continuation of the same Psalm. 



T HATE the unrighteous : * but 
-* Thy law do I love. 

Thou art mine Helper and my 
Protector : * and in Thy word do 
I hope. 

Depart from me, ye evil-doers : 
* for I will keep the commandments 
of my God. 

Uphold me according to Thy 
word, and I shall live : * and let me 
not be ashamed of mine hope. 

Hold Thou me up and I shall be 
safe : * and I will have respect unto 
Thy statutes continually. 

Thou hast trodden down all them 
that err from Thy statutes : * for 
their thought is falsehood. 

I hold all the wicked of the earth 
as liars : * therefore I love Thy 
testimonies. 

Make Thou my flesh to tremble 
for fear of Thee : * for I am afraid 
of Thy judgments. 

Here the Doxology, " Glory be to the 
Father, &c.," is not said. 



1 Here begins the letter Mem, answering to M- 

2 Here begins the letter Nun, answering to N. 

3 Here begins the letter Samech, somewhat represented by S. 



62 



THE PSALTER. 



HAVE done judgment and jus- 
^ tice : * leave me not to mine 
oppressors. 

Be surety for Thy servant for 
good : * let not the proud oppress 
me. 

Mine eyes fail for Thy salva 
tion, * and for the word of Thy 
righteousness. 

Deal with Thy servant according 
unto Thy mercy : * and teach me 
Thy statutes. 

I am Thy servant : * give me un 
derstanding, that I may know Thy 
testimonies. 

It is time for Thee, LORD, to work : 
* they have made void Thy law. 

Therefore I love Thy command 
ments * above gold and the topaz 
stone. 

Therefore did I turn to all Thy 
commandments : * I hate every 
false way. 

Ordinary Antiphon for Sunday. 
Alleluia, Alleluia, Alleluia. 

Antiphon for every day in Paschal 
time. Alleluia, Alleluia, Alleluia, 
Alleluia. 

Ordinary Antiphon for Week-days. 
2 Hold Thou me up, O Lord, and I 
shall be safe. 

In Advent the Antiphon is the Third 
Antiphon which has been said at Lauds 
on Sunday, unless the day have a set of 
its own. 

Antiphon in Lent. Let us ap 
prove ourselves in much patience, in 
much fasting, by the armour of 
righteousness. 



Antiphon in Passiontide. 3 O My 
people, what have I done unto thee, 
and wherein have I wearied thee ? 
Testify against Me. 

Then follows the Chapter and the 
Short Responsory. When they are not 
given specially, one of the following is 
used. After the Chapter is always an 
swered, " Thanks be to God." 

On Sundays, from the Third Sunday 
after the Epiphany inclusive until Sep- 
tuagesima Sunday exclusive, and from 
the Fourth Sunday after Pentecost in 
clusive until Advent Sunday exclusive, 
are said the following, and the Re 
sponsory is used moreover until the 
First Sunday in Lent, exclusive. 

CHAPTER. (Gal. vi. 2.) 

"DEAR ye one another s burdens, 
*~* and so shall ye fulfil the law 
of Christ. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 



4 For ever, O LORD, Thy word is 
settled [in heaven]. 

Answer. For ever, O LORD, Thy 
word is settled [in heaven]. 

Verse. Thy faithfulness is unto 
all generations. 

Answer. Thy word is settled [in 
heaven]. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer. For ever, O LORD, Thy 
word is settled [in heaven]. 

Verse. 5 The LORD is my Shep 
herd, I shall not want. 

Answer. He maketh me to lie 
down in green pastures. 



1 Here begins the letter Ayin, or Ghain, as to the sound of which the learned are not 
agreed. 



- Ps. cxviii. 117. 



3 Micah vi. 3. 



4 Ps. cxviii. 



5 Ps. xxii. i, 2. 



SEXT, OR THE SIXTH HOUR. 



On ordinary Week-days throughout 
the year are said the following : 

CHAPTER. (Gal. vi. 2.) 

BEAR ye one another s burdens, 
and so shall ye fulfil the law 
of Christ. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

Short Responsory. 

1 1 will bless the LORD at all 
times. 

Answer. I will bless the LORD 
at all times. 

Verse. His praise shall continu 
ally be in my mouth. 

Answer. At all times. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer. I will bless the LORD 
at all times. 

Verse. The LORD is my Shep 
herd, I shall not want. 

Answer. He maketh me to lie 
down in green pastures. 

In Advent are said the following (but 
the Chapter on Week-days only) : 



I 



CHAPTER. (Jerem. xxxiii. 16.) 

N those days shall Judah be 
saved, and Israel shall dwell 
safely : and this is the name where 
by she shall be called, The LORD 
our Righteousness. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

Short Responsory. 

2 Show us Thy mercy, O LORD. 

Answer. Show us Thy mercy, O 
LORD. 

Verse. And grant us Thy sal 
vation. 

Answer. Thy mercy, O LORD. 

1 Ps. xxxiii. 2. 2 Ps. Ixxxiv. 8. 



Verse. Glory be to the Father, and 
to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost. 

Answer. Show us Thy mercy, O 
LORD. 

Verse. 3 Remember us, O LORD, 
with the favour that Thou bearest 
unto Thy people. 

Answer. O visit us with Thy 
salvation. 

In Lent are said the. following (but 
the Chapter on Week-days only): 

CHAPTER. (Isa. lv. 7.) 

T ET the wicked forsake his way, 
-L- and the unrighteous man his 
thoughts, and let him return unto 
the LORD, and He will have mercy 
upon him ; and to our God, for He 
will abundantly pardon. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

Short Responsory. 

4 He shall cover thee with His 
wings. 

Answer. He shall cover thee 
with His wings. 

Verse. And under His feathers 
shalt thou trust. 

Answer. With His wings. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, and 
to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost. 

Answer. He shall cover thee 
with His wings. 

Verse. His truth shall be thy 
shield. 

Answer. Thou shalt not be 
afraid for the terror by night. 

In Passiontide are said the following 
(but the Chapter on Week-days only) : 

CHAPTER. (Jerem. xvii. 18.) 

T ET them be confounded that per- 
** secute me, but let not me be 
confounded ; let them be dismayed, 

3 Ps. cv. 4. 4 Ps. xc. 4. 



6 4 



THE PSALTER. 



but let not me be dismayed ; bring 
upon them the day of evil, and de 
stroy them with double destruction, 
O Lord our God. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

Short Responsory. 

1 O Lord, save me from the lion s 
mouth. 

Answer. O Lord, save me from 
the lion s mouth. 

Verse. And mine affliction from 
the horns of the unicorns. 

Answer. From the lion s mouth, 
O Lord, save me from the lion s 
mouth. 

Verse. 2 Make not my soul to 
perish with sinners, O God. 

Answer. Nor my life with bloody 
men. 



In Paschal time are said the follow 
ing (but the Chapter on Week-days 
only] : 

CHAPTER, (i Cor. xv. 20.) 

NOW is Christ risen from the 
dead, the first-fruits of them 
that sleep ; for since by man came 
death, by man came also the res 
urrection of the dead. For as in 
Adam all die, even so in Christ 
shall all be made alive. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

Short Responsory. 

The Lord is risen indeed, Alleluia, 
Alleluia. 

Answer. The Lord is risen in 
deed, Alleluia. 

Verse. And hath appeared to 
Simon. 

Answer. Alleluia, Alleluia. 



Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer. The Lord is risen in 
deed, Alleluia, Alleluia. 

Verse. 3 The disciples were glad, 
Alleluia. 

Answer. When they saw the 
Lord, Alleluia. 

After the Short Responsory, if the 
Preces have been said at Lauds all kneel 
down and the following are said, but if 
the Preces have been omitted at Lauds 
then these are also omitted, down to the 
mark *. 

Kyrie eleison. 

Answer. Christe eleison. 

Kyrie eleison. 

OUR Father (inaudibly), Who art 
in heaven, Hallowed be Thy 
Name. Thy kingdom come. Thy 
will be done on earth, as it is in 
heaven. Give us this day our daily 
bread. And forgive us our tres 
passes, as we forgive them that tres 
pass against us. (Aloud.} 

Verse. And lead us not into 
temptation. 

Answer. But deliver us from 
evil. 

Verse. Turn us again, O Lord 
God of hosts ! 

Answer. And cause Thy face to 
shine, and we shall be saved. 

Verse. Arise, O Christ, and help 
us. 

Answer. And deliver us for Thy 
Name s sake. 

Here the Office is continued when the 
above has been omitted. 



* Verse. 
Lord. 



Hear my prayer, O 



1 Ps. xxi. 22. 



2 Ps. xxv. 9. 



John xx. 20. 






SEXT, OR THE SIXTH HOUR. 



Answer. And let my cry come 
unto Thee. 

Let us pray. 

Here is said the Prayer for the day, 
after which : 

Verse. Hear my prayer, O Lord. 
Answer. And let my cry come 
unto Thee. 

Verse. Bless we the Lord. 
Answer. Thanks be to God. 

If the Little Office of the Blessed Vir 
gin Mary is to follow immediately, it 
is begun here, and what follows is not 
said. Otherwise the Office ends thus : 

Verse (said in a somewhat lower 
tone}. May the souls of the Faithful, 
through the mercy of God, rest in 
peace. 

Answer. Amen. 



Lastly, unless None follow, the Lord s 
Prayer is said inaudibly. 

OUR Father, Who art in heaven, 
Hallowed be Thy Name. 
Thy kingdom come. Thy will be 
done on earth, as it is in heaven. 
Give us this day our daily bread. 
And forgive us our trespasses, as we 
forgive them that trespass against us. 
And lead us not into temptation ; 
but deliver us from evil. Amen. 

Note. When Office is said in Choir 
the Service is ended with the Antiphon 
of the Blessed Virgin Mary every time 
the Choir is left. Otherwise it is only 
said as given in this book, at the end of 
Lauds (or the aggregation of which 
Lauds forms a part} and Compline. 

Feasts. The above Office, appointed 
for all Sundays and Week-days through 
out the year, is likewise said on all 
Feasts. 






VOL. IV. 



66 



NONE, OR THE NINTH HOUR. 1 



fflEce for eberg fcag in tfje 



A t the beginning of None the Lord^s 
Prayer and the Angelic Salutation are 
said inaudibly. 

OUR Father, Who art in heaven, 
Hallowed be Thy Name. 
Thy kingdom come. Thy will be 
done on earth, as it is in heaven. 
Give us this day our daily bread. 
And forgive us our trespasses, as we 
forgive them that trespass against us. 
And lead us not into temptation ; 
but deliver us from evil. Amen. 



As it was in the beginning, is now, 
and ever shall be, world without end. 
Amen. Alleluia. 



From Septuagesima Sunday to 
Maundy Thursday instead of "Alle 
luia" is said: 

Ceaseless praise to Thee be given, 
O Eternal King of heaven. 



HYMN. 2 

OGOD, Unchangeable and True, 
Of all the Light and Power, 
Dispensing light in silence through 
Every successive hour ; 



TT AIL, Mary, full of grace ; The 
-* * Lord is with thee : blessed 
art thou among women, and blessed 
is the fruit of thy womb, JESUS. 

Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray 
for us sinners, now, and at the hour 
of our death. Amen. 

Then is said aloud : 

Verse. *|* Make haste, O God, 
to deliver me. 

Answer. Make haste to help me, 
O LORD. 

Glory be to the Father, and to the 
Son, and to the Holy Ghost. 



Lord, brighten our declining day, 

That it may never wane, 
Till death, when all things round decay, 

Brings back the morn again. 

This grace on Thy redeemed confer, 

Father, Co-equal Son, 
And Holy Ghost, the Comforter, 

Eternal Three in One. 

Amen. 



The last verse is sometimes said thus, 
altered in honour of the Incarnation : 

JESU, the Virgin-born, to Thee, 

Eternal praise be given, 
With Father, Spirit, One and Three, 

Here as it is in heaven. 

Amen. 



1 The proper hour for None is 3 P.M., but in Choirs it varies. 

2 Another hymn of the Ambrosian school, with one word altered, 
late Card. Newman. 



Translation by the 



NONE, OR THE NINTH HOUR. 



In Paschal time it is said thus, al 
tered in honour of the Resurrection : 

To Father, Son, and Paraclete, 

The slain and risen Son, 
Be praise and glory, as is meet, 

While endless ages run. 

Amen. 

// is also occasionally otherwise al 
tered, which occasions are marked in 
their places. 

Then follow six sections of Psalm 
CXVIIL They are all said under one 
Antiphon, and when Five Antiphons 
have been said at Lauds, the Fifth of 
these Five is the Antiphon at None. 
Otherwise those given here are used. 

Ordinary Antiphon for Sundays 
and for every day in Paschal time. 
Alleluia. 

Ordinary Antiphon for Week-days. 
Look Thou upon me. 

In Advent the Antiphon is the Fifth 
Antiphon which has beeri said at Lauds 
on Sunday, imless the day have a set of 
its 



Antiphon for Week-days in Lent. 
Let us approve ourselves. 

Antiphon for Week-days in Pas- 
siontide. Did not they reward me 
evil for good ? 

Continuation of Psalm CXVIIL 



PHY testimonies are wonderful : 
* therefore doth my soul keep 
them, 

The unfolding of Thy words 
giveth light : * yea, it giveth under 
standing unto the simple. 

I opened my mouth and panted : 
* for I longed for Thy command 
ments. 



Look Thou upon me, and be 
merciful unto me, * as Thou usest 
to do unto those that love Thy 
Name. 

Order my steps in Thy word : * 
and let not any iniquity have do 
minion over me. 

Deliver me from the oppression 
of man : * and I will keep Thy 
precepts. 

Make Thy face to shine upon 
Thy servant : * and teach me Thy 
statutes. 

Rivers of water run down mine 
eyes : * because they keep not Thy 
law. 

The Doxology, " Glory be to the 
Father, &c.," is not said. 



T) IGHTEOUS art Thou, O 
*^ LORD : * and upright are 
Thy judgments. 

Thy testimonies that Thou hast 
commanded are righteous, * and 
very faithful. 

My zeal hath consumed me, * 
because mine enemies have for 
gotten Thy words. 

Thy word is tried to the utter 
most : * and Thy servant loveth it. 

I am small and despised : * yet 
do I not forget Thy precepts. 

Thy righteousness is an ever 
lasting righteousness : * and Thy 
law is the truth. 

Trouble and anguish have taken 
hold upon me : * Thy command 
ments are my delight. 

The righteousness of Thy testi 
monies is everlasting : * give me 
understanding, and I shall live. 



1 Here begins the letter Pe, represented by P. Ph. F. 

2 Here begins the letter Tzade, represented by Tz or Ts. 



68 



THE PSALTER. 



Continuation of the same Psalm. 



P 1 



T CRIED with my whole heart, 
* hear me, O LORD : * I will 
keep Thy statutes. 

I cried unto Thee, save me : * 
and I will keep Thy command 
ments. 

Before the dawning of the morn 
ing, I cried : * for I hoped, in Thy 
word. 

Mine eyes look up to Thee 
early : * that I may meditate in 
Thy word. 

Hear my voice according unto 
Thy loving-kindness, O LORD : * 
and quicken me according to Thy 
judgment. 

They that persecute me draw nigh 
to sin : * but are far from Thy 
law. 

Thou art near, O LORD : * and 
all Thy ways are truth. 

Concerning Thy testimonies I 
have known of old : * that Thou 
hast founded them for ever. 

The Doxology, " Glory be to the 
Father, &c.," is not said. 



/CONSIDER mine affliction, and 
^-^ deliver me : * for I do not 

forget Thy law. 

Give judgment concerning me, 
and deliver me : * quicken me for 
the sake of Thy word. 

Salvation is far from the wicked : 
* for they seek not Thy statutes. 

Great are Thy tender mercies, O 



LORD : * quicken me according to 
Thy judgments. 

Many are my persecutors, and 
mine enemies : * yet do I not turn 
aside from Thy testimonies. 

I beheld the transgressors, and 
was grieved : * because they kept 
not Thy word. 

Consider how I love Thy pre 
cepts, O LORD : * quicken me 
according to Thy loving-kindness. 

Thy word is true from the be 
ginning : * and every one of Thy 
righteous judgments endureth for 
ever. 

Continuation of the same Psalm. 



PRINCES have persecuted me 

without a cause: * but mine 

heart standeth in awe of Thy word. 

I will rejoice at Thy word, * as 
one that findeth great spoil. 

I hate and abhor wickedness : * 
but Thy law do I love. 

Seven times a day do I praise 
Thee, * because of Thy righteous 
judgments. 

Great peace have they that love 
Thy law : * and for them there are 
no stumbling-blocks. 

LORD, I hope for Thy salvation : 

* and I love Thy commandments. 
My soul hath kept Thy testimonies, 

* and loved them exceedingly. 

I have kept Thy precepts and 
Thy testimonies ; * for all my ways 
are before Thee. 

The Doxology, " Glory be to the 
Father, &c.," is not said. 



1 Here begins the letter Koph, generally represented by Ch or Q. 

2 Here begins the letter Resh, analogous to R, but concerning the precise sound of 
which the learned are not agreed. 

3 Here begins the letter Shin, somewhat represented by S and Sh. 



NONE, OR THE NINTH HOUR. 



LET my cry come near before 
Thee, O LORD : * give me 
understanding according to Thy 
word. 

Let my supplication come before 
Thee : * deliver me according to 
Thy word. 

My lips shall utter praise, * 
when Thou hast taught me Thy 
statutes. 

My tongue shall speak of Thy 
word : * for all Thy commandments 
are righteousness. 

Let Thine hand help me : * for I 
have chosen Thy precepts. 

I have longed for Thy salvation, 

LORD : * and Thy law is my de 
light. 

My soul shall live, and it shall 
praise Thee : * and Thy judgments 
shall help me. 

I have gone astray like a lost 
sheep : * seek Thy servant : for 

1 do not forget Thy command 
ments. 

Ordinary Antiphon for Sundays. 
Alleluia, Alleluia, Alleluia. 

Antiphon for every day in Paschal 
time. Alleluia, Alleluia, Alleluia, Al 
leluia. 

Ordinary Antiphon for Week-days. 

2 Look Thou upon me, O Lord, and 
be merciful unto me. 

In Advent the Antiphon is the Fifth 
Antiphon which has been said at Lands 
on Sunday, unless the day have a set of 
its own. 

Antiphon for Week-days in Lent. 

3 Let us approve ourselves in much 



patience, by the armour of righteous 
ness, by the power of God. 

Antiphon for Week-days in Pas- 
siontide. 4 Did not they reward me 
evil for good ? for they digged a pit 
for my soul. 

Then follows the Chapter and the 
Short Responsory. When they are not 
given specially, one of the following is 
used. After the Chapter is always an 
swered : " Thanks be to God." 

On Sundays, from the Third Sunday 
after the Epiphany inclusive until Sep- 
tuagesima Sunday exclusive, and from 
the Third Sunday after Pentecost in 
clusive till Advent Sunday exclusive, 
are said the following, and the Respon 
sory is used moreover till the First 
Sunday in Lent exclusive. 



CHAPTER, (i Cor. vi. 20.) 



ye are bought with a great 
price. Glorify God, and bear 
Him in your body. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

Short Responsory. 

5 1 cried with my whole heart, 
hear me, O LORD. 

Answer. I cried with my whole 
heart, hear me, O LORD. 

Verse. I will keep Thy statutes. 

Answer. Hear me, O LORD. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer. I cried with my whole 
heart, hear me, O LORD. 

Verse. 6 Cleanse Thou me from 
secret faults, O Lord. 

Answer. Preserve Thy servant 
also from the sins of others. 



Here begins the letter Tau, corresponding somewhat to T or Th. 
2 Ps. cxviii. 132. 3 2 Cor. vi. 4, 7. 



5 Ps. cxviii. 145. 



6 Ps. xviii. 13, 14. 



4 Jer. xviii. 2O. 



THE PSALTER. 



On ordinary Week-days throughout 
the year are said the following: 

. CHAPTER, (i Cor. vi. 20.) 

R ye are bought with a great 
price. Glorify God, and bear 
Him in your body. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

Short Responsory. 

1 Redeem me, O Lord, and be 
merciful unto me. 

Answer. Redeem me, O Lord, 
and be merciful unto me. 

Verse. For my foot standeth in 
uprightness. 

Answer. And be merciful unto 
me. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer. Redeem me, O Lord, 
and be merciful unto me. 

Verse. Cleanse Thou me from 
secret faults, O Lord. 

Answer. Preserve Thy servant 
also from the sins of others. 



In Advent are said the following (but 
the Chapter on Week-days only) : 

CHAPTER. (Isa. xiv. i.) 

TIER time is near to come, and 
* * her days shall not be pro 
longed. For the LORD will have 
mercy on Jacob, and Israel shall be 
saved. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

Short Responsory. 

2 The LORD shall arise upon thee, 
O Jerusalem. 



Answer. The LORD shall arise 
upon thee, O Jerusalem. 

Verse. And His glory shall be 
seen upon thee. 

Answer. Upon thee, O Jerusalem. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer. The LORD shall arise 
upon thee, O Jerusalem. 

Verse. Come, O Lord, and make 
no tarrying. 

Answer. Pardon the sins of Thy 
people. 



In Lent are said the following (but 
the Chapter on Week-days only) : 

CHAPTER. (Isa. Iviii. 7.) 



thy bread to the hungry, 
and bring the poor that are 
cast out to thine house : when thou 
seest the naked, cover him, and 
hide not thyself from thine own 
flesh. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

Short Responsory. 

His truth shall be thy shield. 

Answer. His truth shall be thy 
shield. 

Verse. Thou shalt not be afraid 
for the terror by night. 

Answer. Thy shield. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

Ansiver. His truth shall be thy 
shield. 

Verse. 3 God hath given His 
angels charge over thee. 

Answer. To keep thee in all thy 
ways. 



1 Ps. xxv. ii, 12. 



Isa. lx. 2. 



Ps. xc. ii. 



NONE, OR THE NINTH HOUR. 



In Passiontide are said the following 
(but the Chapter on Week-days only) : 

CHAPTER. (Jer. xviii. 20.) 

EMEMBER that I stood before 
Thee, to speak good for them, 
and to turn away Thy wrath from 
them. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

Short Responsory. 

1 Make not my soul to perish with 
sinners, O God. 

Answer. Make not my soul to 
perish with sinners, O God. 

Verse. Nor my life with bloody 
men. 

Answer. With sinners, O God. 
Make not my soul to perish with 
sinners, O God. 

Verse. 2 Deliver me, O LORD, 
from the evil man. 

Ansiver. Preserve me from the 
wicked man. 

In Paschal time are said the follow 
ing (but the Chapter on Week-days only]: 

CHAPTER, (i Pet. iii. 18.) 

CHRIST hath once suffered for 
our sins, the Just for the un 
just, that He might bring us to God, 
being put to death in the flesh, but 
quickened by the Spirit. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

Short Responsory. 

3 The disciples were glad. Al 
leluia, Alleluia. 

Answer. The disciples were glad. 
Alleluia, Alleluia. 

Verse. When they saw the Lord. 

Answer. Alleluia, Alleluia. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 



and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer. The disciples were glad. 
Alleluia, Alleluia. 

Verse. 4 Abide with us, Lord. 
Alleluia. 

Answer. For it is toward even 
ing. Alleluia. 

After the Short Responsory, if the 
Preces have been said at Lauds, all 
kneel down, and the following are said. 
But if the Preces have been omitted at 
Lauds, then these are also omitted down 
to the mark *. 

Ky rie eleison. 

Answer. Christe eleison. 

Kyrie eleison. 

OUR Father (inaudibly\ Who art 
in heaven, Hallowed be Thy 
Name. Thy kingdom come. Thy 
will be done on earth, as it is in 
heaven. Give us this day our daily 
bread. And forgive us our tres 
passes, as we forgive them that tres 
pass against us. (Aloud.) 

Verse. And lead us not into 
temptation. 

Answer. But deliver us from evil. 

Verse. Turn us again, O Lord 
God of hosts. 

Answer. And cause Thy face to 
shine, and we shall be saved. 

Verse. Arise, O Christ, and help 
us. 

Ansiver. And deliver us for Thy 
Name s sake. 

Here the Office is continued when the 
above has been omitted. 

* Verse. Hear my prayer, O 
LORD. 

Answer. And let my cry come 
unto Thee. 



1 Ps. 



xxv. 9. 



2 Ps. cxxxix. 2. 



John xv. 2O. 



4 Luke xxiv. 29. 



THE PSALTER. 



Let us pray. 

Here is said the Prayer for the day, 
after which : 

Verse. Hear my prayer, O LORD. 
Answer. And let my cry come 
unto Thee. 

Verse. Bless we the Lord. 
Answer. Thanks be to God. 

If the Little Office of the Blessed Vir 
gin Mary is to follow immediately, it 
is begun here, and what follows is not 
said. Otherwise the Office ends thus : 

Verse (said in a somewhat lower 
voice}. May the souls of the Faithful, 
through the mercy of God, rest in 
peace. 

Answer. Amen. 

Lastly, unless Vespers follow, the 
Lord s Prayer is said inaudibly. 



OUR Father, Who art in heaven, 
Hallowed be Thy Name. 
Thy kingdom come. Thy will be 
done on earth, as it is in heaven. 
Give us this day our daily bread. 
And forgive us our trespasses, as we 
forgive them that trespass against 
us. And lead us not into temp 
tation ; but deliver us from evil. 
Amen. 

Note. When Office is said in Choir, 
the service is ended with the Antiphon 
of the Blessed Virgin Mary every time 
the Choir is left. Otherwise it is only 
said as given in this book, after Lauds 
(or the aggregation of which Lauds 
forms a part} and Compline. 

Feasts. The above Office, appointed 
for all Sundays and Week-days through 
out the year, is likewise said on all 
Feasts. 



73 



at JEattins. 

THE SECOND DAY OF THE WEEK. 



All as on Sundays, except as other 
wise given here. 

Invitatory. O come, * let us sing 
unto the LORD. 

When this Invitatory is used the 
Psalm begins with the words, " Let us 
make a joyful noise." 

Invitatory in Paschal time. Al 
leluia, Alleluia, * Alleluia. 

On Simple Feasts the Invitatory is 
special. 

On Simple Feasts the Hymn is special, 
but on Week-days kept as such the fol 
lowing is said from the Octave of the 
Epiphany till the first Monday in Lent, 
and from the Octave of Pentecost to Ad 
vent. The Hymns for the other seasons 
are given in the proper office of the 
Seasons. 



HYMN. 1 

CLEEP has refreshed our limbs, we 
*^ spring 

From off our bed, and rise ; 
Lord, on Thy suppliants while they 
sing, 

Look with a Father s eyes. 

Be Thou the first on every tongue, 

The first in every heart ; 
That all our doings all day long, 

Holiest ! from Thee may start. 

1 Another hymn of the Ambrosian school, 
late Card. Newman. 
VOL. IV. 



Cleanse Thou the gloom, and bid the 

light 

Its healing beams renew ; 
The sins, which have crept in with 

night, 
With night shall vanish too. 

Our bosoms, Lord, unburthen Thou, 

Let nothing there offend ; 
That those who hymn Thy praises now 

May hymn them to the end. 

Grant this, O Father, Only Son, 

And Spirit, God of grace, 
To whom all worship shall be done 

In every time and place. 

Amen. 

Only one Nocturn is said. 

Antiphon. The LORD is the de 
fence. 

In Paschal time there is only one 
Antiphon to the whole Nocturn, Al 
leluia. 

Psalm XXVI. 

[Intituled "Of David. " The Vulgate and 
the LXX. add "before his anointing." See 
2 Kings (Sam.) ii. 4. Monday, fifth week 
after Pentecost.] 

HPHE LORD is my light and my 
^ salvation ; * whom shall I 
fear? 

The LORD is the defence of my 
life : * of whom shall I be afraid ? 

with two words altered. Translation by the 
C 2 



74 



THE PSALTER. 



When the evil-doers come upon 
me, * to eat up my flesh, 

Mine enemies that trouble me, * 
they stumble and fall. 

Though an host should encamp 
against me, * mine heart shall not 
fear. 

Though war should rise against 
me, * in this will I be confident. 

One thing have I desired of the 
LORD, that will I seek after, * that 
I may dwell in the house of the 
LORD all the days of my life, 

To behold the beauty of the 
LORD, * and to visit His temple. 

For He hath hidden me in His 
pavilion : * in the secret of His 
tabernacle hath He hidden me in 
the day of trouble. 

He hath set me up upon a rock : 
* and now hath He lifted up mine 
head above mine enemies. 

I will offer in His tabernacle 
the sacrifice of joy : * I will sing, 
yea, I will sing praises unto the 
LORD. 

Hear, O LORD, when I cry with 
my voice : * have mercy on me and 
answer me. 

My heart said unto Thee, My 
face hath sought Thee : * Thy face, 
LORD, will I seek. 

Hide not Thy face far from 
me : * turn not away in anger from 
Thy servant. 

Be Thou mine Helper, * neither 
leave me, nor forsake me, O God of 
my salvation. 

When my father and my mother 
forsake me, * then the LORD taketh 
me up. 

Teach me Thy way, O LORD : * 
and lead me in a plain path, because 
of mine enemies. 

Deliver me not over unto the will 
of mine enemies : * for false wit 



nesses are risen up against me, and 
iniquity hath belied itself. 

I believe that I shall yet see the 
goodness of the LORD * in the land 
of the living. 

Wait on the LORD, be of good 
courage : * and thine heart shall be 
strengthened, wait, I say, on the 
LORD. 



Psalm XXVII. 
[Also intituled " Of David."] 

UNTO Thee will I cry, O LORD; 
my God, be not silent to me : 

* lest, if Thou be silent to me, I be 
come like them that go down into 
the pit. 

Hear the voice of my supplica 
tion, O Lord, when I cry unto Thee, 

* when I lift up mine hands toward 
Thine holy temple. 

Draw me not away with the wick 
ed : * and destroy me not with the 
workers of iniquity. 

Who speak peace with their 
neighbour : * but mischief is in 
their hearts. 

Give them according to their 
deeds, * and according to the wick 
edness of their inventions. 

Give them after the works of their 
hands : * render to them their desert. 

Because they regard not the works 
of the LORD, or the operation of His 
hands, * Thou shalt destroy them, 
and not build them up. 

Blessed be the LORD : * because 
He hath heard the voice of my 
supplication. 

The LORD is my strength and my 
shield : * mine heart trusted in Him 
and I am holpen. 

And my flesh greatly rejoiceth : * 
and with my whole heart I will 
praise Him. 



MONDAY AT MATTINS. 



75 



The LORD is the strength of His 
people : * and He is the saving 
strength of His Anointed. 

O Lord, save Thy people, and 
bless Thine inheritance : * and gov 
ern them, and lift them up for ever. 

Antiphon. x The LORD is the de 
fence of my life. 

Second Antiphon. Worship. 

Psalm XXVIII. 

[Intituled "A Psalm of David." The 
Vulgate and the LXX. add " for the going 
forth from the tabernacle, or ending of the 
tabernacle," apparently meaning the con 
clusion of the Feast of Tabernacles.] 

GIVE unto the LORD, O ye sons 
of God : * give unto the 
Lord young rams. 

Give unto the LORD glory and 
honour, give unto the LORD the 
glory due unto His Name : * wor 
ship the LORD in His holy courts. 

The voice of the LORD is upon 
the waters, the God of glory thun- 
dereth : * the LORD is upon many 
waters. 

The voice of the LORD is power 
ful : * the voice of the LORD is full 
of majesty. 

The voice of the LORD breaketh 
the cedars : * yea, the LORD break 
eth the cedars of Lebanon. 

He srniteth them down as though 
it were a calf in Lebanon, * and the 
beloved [forest is felled] like a young 
wild bull. 2 

The voice of the LORD forketh 
the flames of fire : * the voice of 
the LORD shaketh the wilderness, 



yea, the LORD also shaketh the 
3 wilderness of Kadesh. 

The voice of the LORD maketh 
the hinds to calve, and discovereth 
the thickets : * and in His temple, 
every one uttereth His glory. 

The LORD fixeth the flood : * yea, 
the LORD sitteth King for ever. 

The LORD will give strength unto 
His people : * the LORD will bless 
His people with peace. 

Psalm XXIX. 

[Intituled " A song of rejoicing at the 
opening of the house of David." The pal 
ace, for the inauguration of which this song 
was written, is thus mentioned in 2 Kings 
(Sam.) v. 9-1 1. "So David dwelt in the 
fort" (on Sion) "and called it the city of 
David. And David built round about from 
Millo and inward. And David went on, 
and grew great ; and the LORD God of 
Hosts was with him. And Hiram, King of 
Tyre, sent messengers to David, and cedar- 
trees, and carpenters, and masons ; and they 
built David an house."] 

T WILL extol Thee, O LORD, for 
^ Thou hast lifted me up, * and 
hast not made my foes to rejoice 
over me. 

O LORD my God, I cried unto 
Thee, * and Thou hast healed me. 

O LORD, Thou hast brought up 
my soul from the grave : * Thou 
hast saved me from being one of 
them that go down into the pit. 

Sing unto the LORD, O ye Saints 
of His ! * and give thanks to the 
memorial of His holiness. 

For there is terror in His anger : 

* and in His favour is life. 
Weeping may endure for a night : 

* but joy cometh in the morning. 



1 Ps. xxvi. i. 

2 The Hebrew is, He also maketh them to skip like a calf, Lebanon and Shiryon " 
(oftener called Hermon) "like young wild cattle." 

3 That is, the deserts to the south of Palestine, amid which is found the town of 
Kadesh- Barnea. 



THE PSALTER. 



And I, in my prosperity I said : 
I shall never be moved. 

LORD, in Thy favour, * Thou hast 
made my glory to stand so fast. 

Thou didst hide Thy face from 
me, * and I was troubled. 

I cried unto Thee, O LORD : * 
and unto my God I made supplica 
tion : 

What profit is there in my blood, 
* when I go down to corruption ? 

Shall the dust praise Thee, * or 
shall it declare Thy truth? 

The LORD heard me, and had 
mercy upon me : * the LORD be 
came mine Helper. 

Thou hast turned for me my 
mourning into rejoicing : * Thou 
hast put off my sackcloth, and 
girded me with gladness. 

To the end that my glory may 
sing praise unto Thee, and may not 
be silent : * O LORD my God, I will 
give thanks unto Thee for ever. 

Antiphon. l Worship the LORD 
in His holy courts. 

Third Antiphon. Deliver me. 



Psalm XXX. 

[Intituled "A Psalm of David" with the 
same farther superscription as Pss. xii. xiii. 
The Vulgate and the LXX. add "of haste " 
or " distraction," meaning apparently that 
David wrote it, on recovering from the 
mental condition in which he had exclaimed 
(v. 23), " I am cut off from before Thine 
eyes."] 

TN Thee, O LORD, do I put my 
A trust, let me never be ashamed : 
* deliver me in Thy righteousness. 

Bow down Thine ear unto me : * 
deliver me speedily. 

Be Thou to me a God, a Pre 



server, and an house of defence, * 
to save me. 

For Thou art my strength and 
my refuge : * and for Thy Name s 
sake Thou wilt lead me and nourish 
me. 

Thou wilt pull me out of the net, 
that they have laid privily for me : * 
for Thou art my Preserver. 

2 Into Thine hands I commend my 
spirit : * Thou hast redeemed me, 

LORD God of truth ! 

I have hated them that regard * 
lying vanities. 

But I trust in the LORD : * I will 
be glad and rejoice in Thy mercy. 

For Thou hast considered my 
trouble : * Thou hast saved my soul 
in adversity ; 

And hast not shut me up into the 
hand of the enemy : * Thou hast 
set my feet in a wide place. 

Have mercy upon me, O LORD, 
for I am in trouble : * mine eye is 
consumed with grief, my soul, and 
my belly. 

For my life is spent with grief, * 
and my years with sighing. 

My strength faileth because of 
mine affliction, * and my bones are 
consumed. 

I was a reproach among all mine 
enemies, and among my neighbours 
specially, * and a fear to mine ac 
quaintance. 

They that did see me without fled 
from me : * I am forgotten as a 
dead man out of mind. 

I am like a broken vessel : * for 

1 have heard the slander of many 
on every side : 

When they took counsel together 
against me, * they devised to take 
away my life. 



1 Ps. xxviii. 2. 

2 This verse was quoted by our Lord on the Cross, Luke xxiii. 46. 



MONDAY AT MATTINS. 



77 



But I trusted in Thee, O LORD : 
* I said : Thou art my God, my 
lot is in Thine hand. 

Deliver me from the hand of 
mine enemies, * and from them that 
persecute me. 

Make Thy face to shine upon Thy 
servant, save me in Thy mercy : * 
let me not be ashamed, O LORD, for 
I have called upon Thee. 

Let the wicked be ashamed and 
let them go down into the grave : * 
let the lying lips be put to silence ; 

Which speak grievous things 
proudly and contemptuously * 
against the righteous. 

O how great is Thy goodness, 

Lord, * which Thou hast laid up 
for them that fear Thee! 

Which Thou hast wrought for 
them that trust in Thee, * before 
the sons of men ! 

Thou shalt hide them in the 
covert of Thy presence * from the 
troubling of men. 

Thou shalt keep them secretly in 
Thy pavilion * from the strife of 
tongues. 

Blessed be the LORD : * for He 
hath showed me His marvellous 
kindness in a strong city. 

For I said in mine haste : * I 
am cut off from before Thine 
eyes. 

Nevertheless Thou heardest the 
voice of my supplication, * when 

1 cried unto Thee. 

O love the LORD, all ye His 
Saints : * for the LORD loveth truth 
fulness, and will plentifully reward 
the proud doers. 

Be of good courage and let your 
heart be strengthened, * all ye that 
hope in the LORD. 



Psalm XXXI. 
[Intituled "A didactic (?) poem of David."] 

T3LESSED are they whose trans- 
*~J gressions are forgiven, * and 
whose sins are covered. 

Blessed is the man unto whom 
the LORD imputeth not iniquity, * 
and in whose spirit there is no guile. 

Because I kept silence, my bones 
waxed old, * while I groaned all the 
day long. 

For day and night Thine hand was 
heavy upon me : * I turned in mine 
anguish while the thorn was fastened 
in me. 1 

I acknowledged my sin unto 
Thee : * and mine iniquity I hid 
not. 

I said : I will confess against 
myself my transgression, unto the 
LORD : * and Thou forgavest the 
iniquity of my sin. 1 

For this shall every one that is 
godly pray unto Thee, * in a season 
able time. 

Surely in the floods of great 
waters, * they shall not come nigh 
unto him. 

Thou art mine hiding-place from 
the trouble that compasseth me : * 
O Thou That art my joy ! deliver 
me from them that compass me 
round about. 1 

I will give thee understanding, 
and teach thee in the way which 
thou shalt go : * I will keep Mine 
eyes upon thee. 

Be ye not as the horse and as 
the mule, * which have no under 
standing. 

Whose mouths thou boldest fast 
with bit and bridle, * else they will 
not come unto thee. 



1 SLH. 



THE PSALTER. 



Many sorrows shall be to the 
wicked : * but he that trusteth in 
the LORD, mercy shall compass him 
about. 

Be glad in the LORD, and rejoice, 
ye righteous, * and shout for joy, 
all ye that are upright in heart. 

Antiphon. l Deliver me in Thy 
righteousness. 

Fourth Antiphon. Praise is comely. 

Psalm XXXII. 

[The Vulgate and the LXX. ascribe this 
psalm "to David."] 

1DEJOICE in the LORD, O ye 
*V righteous : * praise is comely 
for the upright. 

Praise the LORD with harp : * 
sing unto Him with the psaltery 
of ten strings. 

Sing unto Him a new song : * 
play skilfully unto Him with a loud 
noise. 

For the word of the LORD is 
right : * and all His works are done 
in truth. 

He loveth mercy and judgment : * 
the earth is full of the goodness of 
the LORD. 

By the word of the LORD were 
the heavens made, * and all the 
host of them by the breath of His 
mouth. 

He gathereth the waters of the 
sea together as an heap : * He lay- 
eth up the depths in storehouses. 

Let all the earth fear the LORD : 

* let all the inhabitants of the world 
stand in awe of Him. 

For He spake, and it was done : 

* He commanded, and it was made. 
The LORD bringeth the counsel 



of the heathen to nought : * He 
maketh the devices of the people of 
none effect, and setteth aside the 
counsel of princes. 

But the counsel of the LORD 
standeth for ever, * the thoughts of 
His heart to all generations. 

Blessed is the nation whose God 
is the LORD, * the people He hath 
chosen for His own inheritance. 

The LORD looketh from heaven : 

* He beholdeth all the sons of men. 
From the set place of His habi 
tation * He looketh upon all the 
inhabitants of the earth. 

He fashioneth the heart of every 
one of them : * He considereth all 
their works. 

There is no king saved by the mul 
titude of an host: * a mighty man is 
not delivered by much strength. 

An horse is a vain thing for safety : 

* by his great strength he shall not 
escape. 

Behold, the eyes of the LORD are 
upon them that fear Him, * and 
upon them that hope in His mercy. 

To deliver their soul from death, 

* and to feed them in time of famine. 

Our soul waiteth for the LORD : * 
for He is our help and our shield. 
For our heart shall rejoice in Him : 

* because we have trusted in His 
holy Name. 

Let Thy mercy, O LORD, be upon 
us, * according as we hope in Thee. 

Psalm XXXIII. 

[Intituled "Of David, when he changed 
his behaviour before Abimelech, who drove 
him away and he departed." This incident 
is thus described in I Kings (Sam.) xxi. 10. 
" And David arose and fled that day for fear 
of Saul, and went to Achish" (otherwise 
called Abimelech) the King of Gath. And 



1 Ps. xxx. 2. 



MONDAY AT MATTINS. 



79 



the servants of Achish said unto him : Is 
not this David the King of the land ? Did 
they not sing one to another of him in 
dances saying, Saul hath slain his thou 
sands, and David his ten thousands ? And 
David laid up these words in his heart, and 
was sore afraid of Achish the King of Gath. 
And he changed his behaviour before them, 
and feigned himself mad in their hands, 
and scrabbled on the doors of the gate, and 
let his spittle fall down upon his beard. 
Then said Achish to his servants : Lo, ye 
see the man is mad ; wherefore have you 
brought him to me ? Have I need of mad 
men, that ye have brought this fellow to 
play the madman in my presence? Shall 
this fellow come into mine house ? xxii. 
David therefore departed thence, and es 
caped to the cave of Adullam." This Psalm 
is A B C Darian. ] 

I WILL bless the LORD at all 
times : * His praise shall con 
tinually be in my mouth. 

My soul shall make her boast in 
the LORD : * the humble shall hear 
thereof, and be glad. 

magnify the LORD with me : * 
and let us exalt His Name together. 

1 sought the LORD, and He heard 
me, * and delivered me from all my 
distress. 

Draw near unto Him, and be light 
ened, * and your faces shall not be 
ashamed. 

This poor man cried, and the 
LORD heard him, * and saved him 
out of all his troubles. 

The angel of the LORD encampeth 
round about them that fear Him, * 
and delivereth them. 

O taste and see that the LORD is 
good : * blessed is the man that 
trusteth in Him. 

O fear the LORD, all ye His Saints : 

* for there is no want to them that 
fear Him. 

The mighty lack and suffer hunger : 

* but they that seek the LORD shall 
not want any good thing. 



Come, ye children, hearken unto 
me : * I will teach you the fear of 
the LORD. 

What man is he that desireth life, 

* that loveth to see good days ? 
Keep thy tongue from evil, * and 

thy lips from speaking guile. 

Depart from evil and do good : * 
seek peace and pursue it. : -" 

The eyes of the LORD are upon 
the righteous : * and His ears are 
open unto their cry. 

But the face of the LORD is against 
them that do evil, * to cut off the 
remembrance of them from the earth. 

The righteous cry and the LORD 
heareth, * and delivereth them out 
of all their troubles. 

The LORD is nigh unto them that 
are of a broken heart, * and saveth 
such as be of a contrite spirit. 

Many are the afflictions of the 
righteous : * but the LORD will de 
liver them out of all. 

The Lord keepeth all their bones : 

* not one of them shall be broken. 
The death of sinners is grievous : 

* and they that hate the righteous 
shall be guilty. 

The LORD redeemeth the souls of 
His servants : * and none of them 
that trust in Him shall be guilty. 

Antiphon. x Praise is comely for 
the upright. 

Fifth Antiphon. Fight against 
them. 

Psalm XXXIV. 
[Intituled "Of David."] 

DO me right, O LORD, against 
them that strive with me : * 
fight against them that fight against 
me. 



1 Ps. xxxii. I. 



8o 



THE PSALTER. 



Take hold of arms and buckler : * 
and stand up for mine help. 

Draw out also the spear, and stop 
the way against them that persecute 
me : * say unto my soul : I am thy 
salvation. 

Let them be confounded and put 
to shame, * that seek after my soul. 

Let them be turned backward and 
brought to confusion, * that devise 
mine hurt. 

Let them be as dust before the 
wind : * and let the Angel of the 
LORD drive them. 

Let their way be dark and slip 
pery : * and let the Angel of the 
LORD chase them. 

For without cause have they hid 
den for me the deadly trap of their 
net : * without cause have they 
digged a pit for my soul. 

Let the snare come upon him at 
unawares, and let his net, that he 
hath hid, catch himself: * and into 
that very snare let him fall. 

And my soul shall be joyful in 
the LORD : * it shall rejoice in His 
salvation. 

All my bones shall say : * LORD, 
who is like unto Thee ? 

Who deliverest the poor from 
them that are too strong for him, * 
the poor and the needy from them 
that spoil him ? 

False witnesses did rise up, * they 
laid to my charge things that I knew 
not. 

They rewarded me evil for good, 

* to put all men far off from me. 
But as for me, when they were 

sick, * my clothing was sackcloth. 
I humbled my soul with fasting : 

* and my prayer shall return into 
mine own bosom. 

I behaved myself as though he 

1 (Literally,) " 



had been my friend or brother : * I 
bowed down as one that mourneth 
and is heavy. 

But against me they rejoiced and 
gathered themselves together : * 
slanders were collected against me, 
and I knew it not. 

They disappeared, yet they ceased 
not ; they assailed me, they laughed 
me bitterly to scorn : * they gnashed 
upon me with their teeth. 

Lord, how long wilt Thou look 
on ? * Rescue my soul from their 
destruction, my darling 1 from the 
lions. 

I will give Thee thanks in the 
great congregation : * I will praise 
Thee among much people. 

Let not them that are mine ene 
mies wrongfully rejoice over me, * 
they that hate me without a cause 
and wink with the eye. 

For they spoke to me peaceably : 
* but by their leasing they stirred 
up the land to anger against me, yea, 
they plotted against me. 

Yea, they opened their mouth 
wide against me : * they said, Aha, 
Aha, our eyes have seen it. 

This Thou hast seen, O LORD, 
keep not silence : * O Lord, be not 
far from me. 

Stir up Thyself, and awake to my 
judgment, * unto my cause, my God 
and my Lord. 

Judge me, O LORD my God, 
according to Thy righteousness, * 
and let them not rejoice over me. 

Let them not say in their hearts : 
Aha, Aha, so would we have it ; * 
neither let them say : We have 
swallowed him up. 

Let them be ashamed and brought 
to confusion together, * that rejoice 
at mine hurt, 
mine only one." 



MONDAY AT MATTINS. 



81 



Let them be clothed with shame 
and dishonour, * that magnify them 
selves against me. 

Let them shout for joy and be 
glad, that favour my righteous cause : 
* and let them that have pleasure 
in the prosperity of His servant 
say continually, Let the LORD be 
magnified. 

And my tongue shall speak of 
Thy righteousness ; * of Thy praise, 
all the day long. 

Psalm XXXV. 

[Intituled " Of David, the servant of the 
LORD," and a farther superscription not 
now understood.] 



wicked saith plainly in his 
own heart, that he will go on 
still in sin : * there is no fear of 
God before his eyes. 

For he flattereth himself in his 
own eyes, * until his iniquity be 
found hateful. 

The words of his mouth are ini 
quity and deceit : * he willeth not 
to understand, that he may do 
good. 

He deviseth mischief upon his 
bed : * he setteth himself in every 
way that is not good, but he ab- 
horreth not evil. 

Thy mercy, O LORD, is in the 
heavens : * and Thy faithfulness 
reacheth unto the clouds. 

Thy righteousness is like the 
mountains of God : * Thy judg 
ments are a great deep. 

O LORD, Thou preserves! man 
and beast : * How excellent is Thy 
loving-kindness, O God ! 

And the children of men * shall 
put their trust under the shadow of 
Thy wings. 



They shall be abundantly satisfied 
with the fatness of Thine house, * and 
Thou shalt make them drink of the 
river of Thy pleasures. 

For with Thee is the fountain of 
life : * and in Thy light shall we see 
light. 

O continue Thy loving-kindness 
unto them that know Thee, * and 
Thy righteousness to the upright in 
heart. 

Let not the foot of pride come 
against me : * and let not the hand 
of the wicked remove me. 

There are the workers of iniquity 
fallen : * they are cast out, neither 
are they able to stand. 

Antiphon. l Fight against them 
that fight against me. 
Sixth Antiphon. Show. 

Psalm XXXVI. 

[Intituled "Of David." It is A B C 
Darian ; the first, third, and fifth verses, and 
so on, begin with the corresponding letters 
of the alphabet.] 

T^RET not thyself because of the 
evil-doers : * neither be thou 
envious against the workers of 
iniquity. 

For they shall soon dry up like 
the grass, * and wither quickly as 
the green herb. 

Trust in the LORD, and do good : 
* and dwell in the land, and thou 
shalt be fed with the riches thereof. 

Delight thyself in the LORD : * 
and He shall give thee the desires 
of thine heart. 

Show thy way unto the LORD, 
trust also in Him : * and He shall 
bring it to pass. 

And He shall bring forth thy 



1 Ps. xxxiv. i. 



82 



THE PSALTER. 



righteousness as the light, and thy 
judgment as the noon-day : * rest in 
the LORD, and make thy prayer unto 
Him. 

Fret not thyself because of him 
that prospereth in his way, * be 
cause of the man that bringeth 
wicked devices to pass. 

Cease from anger and forsake 
wrath : * fret not thyself to do evil. 

For evil-doers shall be cut off: * 
but those that wait upon the LORD, 
they shall inherit the earth. 

For yet a little while, and the 
wicked shall not be : * yea, thou 
shalt search for his place, and thou 
shalt not find it. 

1 But the meek shall inherit the 
earth : * and shall delight themselves 
in the abundance of peace. 

The wicked plotteth against the 
just, * and gnasheth upon him with 
his teeth. 

But the Lord shall laugh at him : 

* for He seeth that his day is 
coming. 

The wicked have drawn out the 
sword, * they have bent their bow, 

To cast down the poor and the 
needy, * to slay such as be upright 
of heart. 

Their sword shall enter into their 
own hearts : * and their bow shall be 
broken. 

A little that a righteous man hath 

* is better than great riches of the 
wicked. 

For the arms of the wicked shall 
be broken ; * but the LORD up- 
holdeth the righteous. 

The LORD knoweth the days of 
the undefiled : * and their inheri 
tance shall be for ever. 

They shall not be ashamed in the 

evil time, and in the days of famine 

1 Matth. v. 4 seems 



they shall be satisfied : * for the 
wicked shall perish. 

Yea, the enemies of the LORD, 
no sooner than they be honourable 
and exalted, * shall pass away, yea, 
pass away like smoke. 

The wicked borroweth and pay- 
eth not again : * but the righteous 
showeth mercy and giveth. 

For such as bless him shall in 
herit the earth : * but they that 
curse him shall be cut off. 

The steps of a [good] man are 
ordered by the LORD : * and He de- 
lighteth in his way. 

Though he fall, he shall not be 
utterly cast down : * for the LORD 
upholdeth him with His hand. 

I have been young, and now am 
old : * yet have I not seen the 
righteous forsaken, nor his seed 
begging bread. 

He is ever merciful and lendeth : 
* and his seed shall be blessed. 

Depart from evil and do good : * 
and dwell for evermore. 

For the LORD loveth judgment, 
and forsaketh not His saints : * they 
shall be preserved for ever. 

The unrighteous shall be pun 
ished : * and the seed of the wicked 
shall be cut off. 

But the righteous shall inherit the 
land : * and dwell therein for ever. 

The mouth of the righteous speak- 
eth wisdom, * and his tongue talketh 
judgment. 

The law of his God is in his 
heart, * none of his steps shall 
slide. 

The wicked watcheth the right 
eous, * and seeketh to slay him. 

But the LORD will not leave him 
in his hands, * nor condemn him 
when he is judged. 

to be quoted from this. 



MONDAY AT MATTINS. 



Wait on the LORD and keep His 
way, and He shall exalt thee, to in 
herit the land : * when the wicked 
are cut off thou shalt see it. 

I have seen the wicked in great 
power, * and exalted like a cedar in 
Lebanon. 

And I passed by, and, lo, he was 
not : * and I sought him, and his 
place was not found. 

Keep innocency, and look to the 
thing that is right : * for the peace 
maker shall have a reward here 
after. 

But the transgressors shall be cut 
off together : * the end of the wicked 
is destruction. 

But the salvation of the righteous 
is of the LORD : * and He is their 
strength in the time of trouble. 

And the LORD shall help them, 
and deliver them : * He shall de 
liver them from the wicked, and 
save them, because they trust in 
Him. 

Psalm XXXVII. 

[Intituled "A Psalm of David." It has 
a further superscription of (now) unknown 
meaning. The Vulgate and the LXX. con 
nect it with the Sabbath.] 

LORD, rebuke me not in Thy 
wrath, * neither chasten me 
in Thine hot displeasure. 

For Thine arrows stick fast in 
me : * and Thou hast laid Thine 
hand heavily upon me. 

There is no soundness in my 
flesh, because of Thine anger : * 
neither is there any rest in my bones 
because of my sins. 

For mine iniquities are gone over 
mine head : * and as an heavy bur 
then they are too heavy for me. 

My wounds stink and are cor 
rupt, * because of my foolishness. 



I am troubled and bowed down 
exceedingly : * I go mourning all 
the day long. 

For my loins are filled with a 
loathsome disease : * and there is 
no soundness in my flesh. 

I am feeble and sore broken : * 
I groan aloud by reason of the dis- 
quietness of mine heart. 

Lord, all my desire is before 
Thee : * and my groaning is not hid 
from Thee. 

Mine heart panteth, my strength 
faileth me : * as for the light of 
mine eyes, it also is gone from 
me. 

My friends and my neighbours * 
draw near, and stand over against 
me. 

And they that are nearest to me 
stand afar off: * they also that 
sought after my life have used 
violence against me. 

And they that seek mine hurt have 
spoken mischievous things, * and 
imagined falsehoods all the day 
long. 

But I, as a deaf man, hear not, * 
and as a dumb man that openeth 
not his mouth. 

Thus I was as a man that heareth 
not, * and in whose mouth are no 
reproofs. 

For in Thee, O LORD, do I 
hope : * Thou wilt hear me, O Lord 
my God ! 

For I said : Let not mine ene 
mies rejoice over me : * when my 
feet slip they magnify themselves 
against me. 

For I am ready for the scourges : 

* and my sorrow is continually be 
fore me. 

For I will declare mine iniquity, 

* and think upon my sin. 

But mine enemies are lively, and 



8 4 



THE PSALTER. 



they are strengthened against me : * 
and they that hate me wrongfully 
are many. 

They that render evil for good 
speak against me, * because I have 
followed goodness. 

Forsake me not, O LORD my 
God : * be not far from me. 

Make haste to help me, * O 
Lord God of my salvation ! 

Antiphon. 1 Show thy way unto 
the LORD. 

Antiphon for Paschal time. Al 
leluia, Alleluia, Alleluia. 

Then is said a Verse and Answer. 
In Advent. 

Verse. 2 Out of Zion, the Perfec 
tion of beauty, 

Answer. Our God shall come 
manifestly. 

During the rest of the year. 

Verse. 3 Thy mercy, O LORD, is 
in the heavens. 

Answer. And thy faithfulness 
reacheth unto the clouds. 

In Lent. 

Verse. 4 He hath delivered me 
from the snare of the fowler. 

Answer. And from the noisome 
pestilence. 

In Passion time. 

Verse. 5 O God, deliver my soul 
from the sword. 

Answer. And my darling from 
the power of the dog. 



In Paschal time. 

Verse. The Lord is risen from 
the grave, Alleluia. 

Answer. Who hung for us upon 
the tree, Alleluia. 

The rest is the same as the First Noc- 
turn of the preceding Sunday, only the 
Lessons and sometimes the Responsories 
are those of the day. 

Simple Feasts. It is to be remem 
bered that when a Simple Feast is kept 
on Monday, the Invitatory and Hymn 
are of the Feast, being taken from the 
Common of Saints of the class, unless 
specially given. Then the Psalms and 
Antiphons of the week -day, as given 
above. Then is said a Verse and 
Answer as follow : 

In the Simple Office for one or many 
Martyrs in Paschal time. 

Verse. O ye saints and right 
eous, rejoice in the Lord, Alleluia. 

Answer. 6 God hath chosen you 
for His own inheritance. Alleluia. 

In the Simple Office for one Martyr 
(put of Paschal time). 

Verse. 7 Thou hast crowned him 
with glory and honour, O Lord. 

Answer. And madest him to 
have dominion over the works of 
Thine hands. 

In the Simple Office for many Martyrs 
(put of Paschal time). 

Verse. 8 Be glad in the LORD, 
and rejoice, ye righteous. 

Answer. And shout for joy, all 
ye that are upright in heart. 

In the Simple Office for Confessors 
{whether Bishops or not}. 

Verse. 9 The Lord loved him and 
beautified him. 



\In Paschal time, add Alleluia.] 



1 Ps. xxxvi. 5. 
4 Ps. xc. 3. 
7 Ps. viii. 6, 7. 



2 Ps. xlix. 
5 Ps. xxi. 
8 Ps. xxxi, 



2, 3. 

21. 
, II. 



3 Ps. xxxv. 6. 
6 Ps. xxxii. 12. 
9 Ecclus. xlv. 9. 



MONDAY AT MATTINS. 



Answer. And clothed him with 
a robe of glory. 

[In Paschal time, add Alleluia.] 

In the Simple Office for one Holy 
Woman, of any class. 

Verse. x In thy comeliness and 
thy beauty. 

[In Paschal time, add Alleluia.] 

Answer. Go forward, fare pros 
perously and reign. 

[In Paschal time, add Alleluia.] 

The others, as well as what follows, 
to the end of the service, are taken from 
the First Nocturn of the Office Common 
to Saints of the class, unless something 
special be appointed. The Lessons are 
arranged according to the rules in 
Chapter xxvi. 4, of the general Rtibrics. 
The Hymn, "We praise Thee, O God," 
is said at the end, instead of a third 
Responsory. The Responsories are 
arranged according to the rules in 
Chapter xxvii. 4, of the general Rubrics. 
Thus : 

The Lord s Prayer is said : 

OUR Father (inaudibly], Who art 
in heaven, Hallowed be Thy 
Name. Thy kingdom come. Thy 
will be done on earth, as it is in 
heaven. Give us this day our daily 
bread. And forgive us our tres 
passes, as we forgive them that tres 
pass against us. (Aloud.) 

Verse. And lead us not into 
temptation. 

Answer. But deliver us from 
evil. 



with the Father, and the Holy 
Ghost, world without end. 
Answer. Amen. 

Then the Reader says : 

Sir, be pleased to give the bless 
ing. 

First Blessing, if the Lesson be from 
Scripture. 

May the Eternal Father bless us 
With an everlasting blessing. 
Answer. Amen. 

First Blessing, if the Lesson be of an 
Homily. 

May the Gospel s saving Lord 
Bless the reading of His Word. 
Answer. Amen. 

First Blessing on a Simple Feast. 

May His blessing be upon us 
Who doth live and reign for ever. 
Answer. Amen. 

Then is read the First Lesson from 
Scripture or from the Homily, or on a 
Simple Feast either the First from 
Scripture, or, if the Saint or Saints 
have two Lessons, the whole three from 
Scripture read together as one. 

Then the First Responsory, unless 
otherwise directed. On a week-day kept 
as such, this is the First Responsory of 
the preceding Sunday. On a Simple 
Feast, the first Responsory in the Com 
mon Office for the class to which the 
Saint belongs. 



Then the Reader says : 
Sir, be pleased to give the bless 



ing. 



Then this Absolution : 

/GRACIOUSLY hear, O Lord 
^-* Jesus Christ, the prayers of 
Thy servants, and have mercy 
upon us : Who livest and reignest 

1 Ps. xliv. 5. 



Second Blessing, if the Lesson be of 
Scripture. 

May the Son the Sole-begotten 
In His mercy bless and help us. 
Answer. Amen. 



86 



THE PSALTER. 



Second Blessing, if the Lesson be from 
an Homily. 

God s most mighty strength alway 
Be His people s staff and stay. 
Answer. Amen. 

Second Blessing, for a Simple Feast. 

He (or she or they) whose feast-day 

we are keeping 
Plead for us before the Lord. 
Answer. Amen. 

Then is read the Second Lesson, either 
from Scripture or from an Homily, or 
on a Simple Feast either the Second 
and Third Lessons from Scripture 
read together as one, or if the Saint 
or Saints have two Lessons, the first 
of these. 

Then the Second Responsory, unless 
otherwise directed. On a week-day kept 
as such, this is the Second Responsory 
of the preceding Sunday, but in Paschal 
time there is added to it : 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

And the Answer of the Responsory is 
repeated again. 



On a Simple Feast the Second Res 
ponsory in the Common Office for the 
class to which the Saint belongs, with 
the addition of "Glory be to the 
Father," &>c., and the repetition of 
the Answer. 

Then the Reader says : 

Sir, be pleased to give the bless 
ing. 

Third Blessing, if the Lesson be of 
Scripture. 

May the grace of God the Spirit 
All our heart and mind enlighten. 
Answer. Amen. 

Third Blessing, for a Simple Feast, or 
if the Lesson be from an Homily. 

May He That is the Angels King 
To that high realm His people bring. 
Answer. Amen. 

Then is read the Third Lesson either 
from Scripture, or of the Homily, or on 
Simple Feasts the Second or only Lesson 
of the Saint. 

Then, on Simple Feasts and on any 
day in Paschal time is said the Hymn, 
"We praise Thee, O God." But on 
week-days kept as such out of Paschal 
time the Third Responsory of the pre 
ceding Sunday. 



nt 



THE SECOND DAY OF THE WEEK. 



All as on Sunday, except as other 
wise given here. 

The Psalms are as follows : 
Antiphon. Have mercy. 

If this Antiphon be used, the Psalm 
begins with the words, " Upon me, O 
God." 

Psalm L. 

[This Psalm has a musical (?) superscrip 
tion, and the title then proceeds, "A Psalm 
of David, when Nathan the Prophet came 
unto him, after he had gone in to Bath- 
sheba." The whole history is in 2 Kings 
(Sam.) xi. xii. (Saturday, 5th week after 
Pentecost, and 6th Sunday.)] 

HAVE mercy upon me, O God, 
* after Thy great mercy : 

And according to the multitude 
of Thy tender mercies * blot out my 
transgressions. 

Wash me thoroughly from mine 
iniquity : * and cleanse me from my 
sin. 

For I acknowledge my trans 
gression : * and my sin is ever 
before me. 

Against Thee, Thee only, have I 
sinned, and done evil in Thy sight : 
* that Thou mightest be justified 
when Thou speakest, and be clear 
when Thou art judged. 



For behold, I was shapen in in 
iquity : * and in sin did my mother 
conceive me. 

For behold Thou desirest truth : 

* the hidden secrets of Thy wisdom 
Thou hast made manifest unto me. 

Sprinkle me with hyssop, and I 
shall be clean : * wash me, and I 
shall be whiter than snow. 

Make me to hear joy and glad 
ness : * that the bones which Thou 
hast broken may rejoice. 

Hide Thy face from my sins : * 
and blot out all mine iniquities. 

Create in me a clean heart, O 
God : * and renew a right spirit 
within me. 

Cast me not away from Thy 
presence : * and take not Thine 
holy Spirit from me. 

Restore unto me the joy of Thy 
salvation : * and uphold me with 
Thy free Spirit. 

Then will I teach transgressors 
Thy ways : * and sinners shall be 
converted unto Thee. 

Deliver me from blood-guiltiness, 
O God, Thou God of my salvation : 

* and my tongue shall sing aloud x 
of Thy righteousness. 

O LORD, open Thou my lips, * 



1 So the Hebrew, the LXX. , and all the versions, including Doway, but the Latin 
text has the curious mistake of exidtabit for exaltabit. 



88 



THE PSALTER. 



and my mouth shall show forth Thy 
praise. 

For Thou desirest not sacrifice, 
else would I give it : * Thou de- 
lightest not in burnt-offering. 

The sacrifice of God is a broken 
spirit : * a broken and a contrite 
heart, O God, Thou wilt not despise. 

Do good in Thy good pleasure 
unto Zion : * to build the walls of 
Jerusalem. 

Then shalt Thou be pleased with 
the sacrifices of righteousness, with 
burnt-offering and whole burnt-offer 
ing : * then shall they offer bullocks 
upon Thine altar. 

Antiphon. Have mercy upon me, 
O God. 

Second Antiphon. Consider. 

Psalm V. 

[Intituled "A Psalm of David," with a 
musical (?) superscription.] 

GIVE ear unto my words, O 
LORD, * consider my suppli 
cation. 

Hearken unto the voice of my cry, 

* my King and my God ! 

For unto Thee will I pray. * O 
LORD, in the morning Thou shalt 
hear my voice : 

In the morning will I stand before 
Thee and look up. * For Thou art 
not a God that hath pleasure in 
wickedness : 

Neither shall the evil dwell with 
Thee, * nor the unrighteous stand 
in Thy sight : 

Thou hatest all workers of iniquity. 

* Thou shalt destroy all them that 
speak leasing : 

The LORD abhorreth the bloody 
and deceitful man. * But as for me, 
in the multitude of Thy mercy 



I will come into Thine house : * 
I will worship toward Thine holy 
temple in Thy fear. 

Lead me, O LORD, in Thy 
righteousness, * because of mine 
enemies ; make my way straight 
before Thy face. 

For there is no faithfulness in 
their mouth : * their inward part 
is very wickedness. 

Their throat is an open sepulchre ; 
they flatter with their tongue. * 
Judge Thou them, O God! 

Let them fall by their own coun 
sels ; cast them out in the multi 
tude of their transgressions, * for 
they have rebelled against Thee, O 
Lord! 

And let all those that put their 
trust in Thee, rejoice : * let them 
ever shout for joy, because Thou 
dwellest in them : 

Let them also that love Thy Name 
be joyful in Thee. * For Thou wilt 
bless the righteous. 

O LORD, Thou hast compassed 
us * with Thy favour as with a 
shield. 

Antiphon. Consider my suppli 
cation, O Lord. 

Third Antiphon. O God, Thou 
art my God. 

If this Antiphon is used, the Psalm 
begins with the words, " Early will I 
seek Thee." 

Psalms LXIL, LXVI. 

O God, Thou art my God, &c. 

(P- 23). 

Antiphon. O God, Thou art my 
God, early will I seek Thee. 

Fourth Antiphon. Thine anger 
is turned away. 



MONDAY AT LAUDS. 



THE SONG OF ISAIAH THE PROPHET. 

[Isa. xii. i. The description of the res 
toration of Israel in Isa. xi. (Second Sun 
day in Advent) is continued to the end 
of that Chapter, and this Song is then 
introduced by the words, "And in that 
day thou shalt say : "] 

LORD, I will praise Thee, 
though Thou wast angry with 
me, * Thine anger is turned away, 
and Thou comfortest me. 

Behold, God is my salvation : * 
I will trust and not be afraid : 

For the LORD is my strength 
and my song : * He also is become 
my salvation. 

Therefore with joy shall ye draw 
water out of the wells of the Saviour : 
* and in that day shall ye say : 
Praise the LORD and call upon His 
Name ! 

Declare His doings among the 
people, * tell them that His Name 
is exalted. 

Sing unto the LORD, for He hath 
done glorious things : * make ye 
this known in all the earth. 

Cry aloud and shout, thou inhabi 
tant of Zion : * for great is the 
Holy One of Israel in the midst of 
thee ! 

Antiphon. Thine anger is turned 
away, and Thou comfortest me. 
Fifth Antiphon. Praise ye. 

If this Antiphon be used, the Psalm 
begins with the words "the LORD 
from the heavens." 

Psalms CXLVIII., CXLIX., CL. 

Praise ye the LORD from the 
heavens, &c. (pp. 25, 26). 

Antiphon. Praise ye the LORD 
from the heavens. 

1 Another hymn of the Ambrosian school, 
Card. Newman. 



From Advent Sunday till the Octave 
of the Epiphany and from the First 
Sunday in Lent till the Octave of Pente 
cost special Chapters are given. At 
other times the following is said on all 
week-days observed as such. 

CHAPTER. (Rom. xiii. 12.) 

night is far spent, the day 
is at hand : let us therefore 
cast off the works of darkness, and 
let us put on the armour of light : 
let us walk honestly as in the day. 

HYMN. 1 

OF the Father Effluence bright, 
Out of Light evolving light, 
Light from Light, unfailing Ray, 
Day creative of the day. 

Truest Sun, upon us stream 
With Thy calm perpetual beam, 
In the Spirit s still sunshine 
Making sense and thought divine. 

Seek we too the Father s face, 

Father of almighty grace, 

And of majesty excelling, 

Who can purge our tainted dwelling ; 

Who can aid us, who can break 
Teeth of envious foes, and make 
Hours of loss and pain succeed, 
Guiding safe each duteous deed. 

And, infusing self-control, 
Fragrant chastity of soul, 
Faith s keen flame to soar on high, 
Incorrupt simplicity. 

Christ Himself for food be given, 
Faith become the cup of heaven, 
Out of which the joy is quaff d 
Of the Spirit s sobering draught. 

With that joy replenished 
Morn shall glow with modest red, 
Noon with beaming face be bright, 
Eve be soft without twilight. 

It has dawned : upon our way, 
Father, in Thy Word, this day, 
In Thy Father, Word Divine, 
From Thy cloudy pillar shine. 

slightly altered. Translation by the late 



THE PSALTER. 



To the Father and the Son, 
And the Spirit, Three and One, 
As of old, and as in heaven, 
Now and here be glory given. 

Amen. 

Verse. l Thou hast satisfied us 
early with Thy mercy. 

Answer. We rejoice and are 
glad. 

Antiphonfor the Songof Zacharias. 
Blessed * be the Lord God of Israel. 

After the repetition of the Antiphon 
after the Song of Zacharias, on the 
week-days of Advent and Lent, the 
Ember Days, and all Vigils which are 
fasts except Christmas Eve and the 
Eve and Ember Days of Pentecost, all 
kneel down, and the following prayers 
called the Preces are said: 

Kyrie eleison. 

Answer. Christe eleison. 

Kyrie eleison. 

Then the Lord s Prayer is said aloud. 

OUR Father, Who art in heaven, 
Hallowed be Thy Name. Thy 
kingdom come. Thy will be done 
on earth, as it is in heaven. Give 
us this day our daily bread. And 
forgive us our trespasses, as we for 
give them that trespass against us. 
And lead us not into temptation ; 

Answer. But deliver us from evil. 

Verse. 2 I said : LORD, be mer 
ciful unto me. 

Answer. Heal my soul, for I 
have sinned against Thee. 

Verse. 3 Return, O LORD, how 
long? 

Answer. And let it repent Thee 
concerning Thy servants. 



Verse. 4 Let Thy mercy, O LORD, 
be upon us. 

Answer. According as we hope 
in Thee. 

Verse. 5 Let Thy priests be 
clothed with righteousness. 

Answer. And let Thy saints 
shout for joy. 

Verse. 6 O LORD, save the King. 

Answer. And hear us in the day 
when we call upon Thee. 

Verse. 7 O LORD, save Thy peo 
ple, and bless Thine inheritance. 

Answer. And govern them, and 
lift them up for ever. 

Verse. 8 Remember Thy congre 
gation. 

Answer. Which Thou hast pur 
chased of old. 

Verse. 9 Peace be within thy 
walls. 

Answer. And prosperity within 
thy palaces. 

Verse. Let us pray for the faith 
ful departed. 

Ansiver. O Lord, grant them 
eternal rest, and let the everlasting 
light shine upon them ! 

Verse. May they rest in peace. 

Answer. Amen. 

Verse. Let us pray for our ab 
sent brethren. 

Answer. 10 O Thou my God, 
save Thy servants that trust in 
Thee. 

Verse. Let us pray for the sor 
rowful and the captives. 

Answer. n Redeem them, O God 
of Israel, out of all their troubles. 

Verse. 12 O Lord, send them help 
from the sanctuary. 



1 Ps. Ixxxix. 14. 2 Ps. xl. 5. 3 Ps. Ixxxix. 13. 

4 Ps. xxxii. 22. 5 Ps. cxxxi. 9. 

6 Ps. xix. 10. This verse never varies, whatever the form of government. 

7 Ps. xxvii. 9. 8 Ps. Ixxiii. 2. 9 Ps. cxxi. 7. 
10 Ps. Ixxxv. 2. n Ps. xxiv. 22. 12 Ps. xix. 3. 



MONDAY AT LAUDS. 



Answer. And strengthen them 
out of Zion. 

Verse. Hear my prayer, O LORD. 

Answer. And let my cry come 
unto Thee. 

Psalm CXXIX. 

[Intituled "A Song of Degrees." The 
meaning of this title is not certain. The 
Psalms so called may perhaps, like the 
" Graduals " of the Roman Liturgy, be 
"step-songs," intended to be sung during 
processions, Liturgical or of pilgrims.] 

OUT of the depths have I cried 
unto Thee, O LORD ! * Lord, 
hear my voice. 

Let Thine ears be attentive * to 
the voice of my supplication. 

If Thou, LORD, shouldest mark 
iniquities, * O Lord, who shall 
stand ? 

But there is forgiveness with 
Thee : * because of Thy law, I wait 
for Thee, O LORD ! 

My soul waiteth on His word : * 
my soul hopeth in the Lord. 

From the morning watch even 
until night * let Israel hope in the 
LORD : 

For with the LORD there is mercy, 
and with Him is plenteous re 
demption. 

And He shall redeem Israel, * 
from all his iniquities. 

Glory be to the Father, and to 
the Son, and to the Holy Ghost. 

As it was in the beginning, is 



now, and ever shall be, world with 
out end. Amen. 

Verse. l Turn us again, O LORD 
God of hosts ! 

Answer. And cause Thy face to 
shine, and we shall be saved. 

Verse. 2 Arise, O Christ, and 
help us. 

Answer. And deliver us for Thy 
Name s sake. 

Verse. Hear my prayer, O LORD. 

Answer. And let my cry come 
unto Thee. 

Let us pray. 

Then follows the Prayer of the Day. 

All proceeds to the end of the service 
as on Sunday, except that when Suf 
frages are said, the following is said 
before the Commemoration of the Blessed 
Virgin Mary. 

Commemoration of the Cross. 

Antiphon. Through Thy Cross s 
holy sign, JESUS, guard this soul of 
mine, from my ghostly enemy. 

Verse. 3 Let all the earth worship 
Thee, and sing unto Thee. 

Ansiver. Let them sing praises 
unto Thy Name, O Lord! 

Let us pray. 

OLORD, we beseech Thee, keep 
us in continual peace, whom 
it hath pleased Thee to redeem by 
the tree of the Holy Cross. 



1 Ps. Ixxix. 20. 



2 Ps. xliii. 26. 



3 Ps. Ixv. 4. 



at Jftattin*. 

THE THIRD DAY OF THE WEEK. 



All as on Sunday, except as other 
wise given here. 

Invitatory. Let us make a joyful 
noise to * the God of our salvation. 

Invitatory in Paschal time. Alle 
luia, Alleluia, * Alleluia. 

On Simple Feasts the Invitatory is 
special. 

On Simple Feasts the Hymn is 
special, but on Week-days kept as such 
the following is said from the Octave 
of the Epiphany till the first Tziesday 
in Lent, and from the Octave of Pente 
cost till Advent. The Hymns for the 
other Seasons are given in the proper 
Office of the Seasons. 

HYMN. 1 

OGOD from God, and Light from 
Light, 

Who art Thyself the Day, 
Our chants shall break the clouds of 

night ; 
Be with us while we pray. 

Chase Thou the gloom that haunts the 

mind, 

The thronging shades of hell, 
The sloth and drowsiness that bind 
The senses with a spell. 

Lord, to their sins indulgent be, 
Who, in this hour forlorn, 
By faith in what they do not see, 
With songs prevent the morn. 



Grant this, O Father, Only Son, 
And Spirit, God of grace, 
To Whom all worship shall be done 
In every time and place. 

Amen. 

Only one Nocturn is said. 
Antiphon. That I sin not. 

In Paschal time there is only one An 
tiphon to the whole Nocturn, Alleluia. 

Psalm XXXVIII. 

[Intituled "A Psalm of David," with a 
farther notice of meaning now uncertain. 
It is addressed to Jeduthun, concerning 
whom it is said, in I Par. (Chron.) xvi. 42, 
that David appointed, along with the Priests 
who officiated before the Ark, " Heman 
and Jeduthun, and the rest that were chosen, 
who are expressed by name, to give thanks 
to the LORD, because His mercy endureth 
for ever. And with them Heman and 
Jeduthun, with trumpets and cymbals, for 
those that should make a sound, and with 
musical instruments of God." The Targum 
says that it was to be used by Jeduthun for 
his watch in the Sanctuary.] 

T SAID: I will take heed unto 
* my ways, * that I sin not with 
my tongue. 

I kept a watch upon my mouth, * 
while the wicked stood up against 
me. 

I was dumb, and humbled myself, 
I held my peace even from good : 



Another hymn of the Ambrosian school. Translation by the late Card. Newman. 



TUESDAY AT MATTINS. 



93 



* and my sorrow was stirred up 
afresh. 

Mine heart was hot within me : 

* and while I was musing the fire 
kindled. 

I spake with my tongue : * LORD, 
make me to know mine end ; 

And the measure of my days 
what it is ; * that I may know how 
frail I am. 

Behold, Thou hast made my days 
as a span : * and mine age is as 
nothing before Thee. 

Verily every man living * is 
altogether vanity. 1 

Surely every man flitteth by like 
a shade : * he is disquieted also in 
vain. 

He heapeth up riches, * and 
knoweth not who shall gather them. 

And now for what wait I ? Is it 
not for the Lord ? * and mine hope 
is with Thee. 

Deliver me from all my transgres 
sions : * Thou hast given me for a 
reproach unto the foolish. 

I was dumb and opened not my 
mouth, because Thou didst it : * 
remove Thy strokes away from me. 

I am consumed by the blow of 
Thine hand : * Thou, with rebukes 
dost correct man for iniquity. 

And Thou makest his beauty to 
consume away like a spider s web : 

* surely every man is disquieted in 
vain. 1 

Hear my prayer, O LORD, and my 
cry : * give ear unto my tears. 

Hold not Thy peace : for I am a 
stranger with Thee, and a sojourner, 

* as all my fathers were. 

O spare me, that I may recover 
strength, before I go hence, * and 
be no more. 



Psalm XXXIX. 

[Intituled "A Psalm of David " and with 
the same (now) uncertain supeiscription as 
Ps. xii.] 

T WAITED patiently for the 
-* LORD, * and He inclined unto 
me, 

And heard my cry : * He brought 
me up also out of an horrible pit, 
and out of the miry clay. 

And set my feet upon a rock ; * 
and ordered my goings. 

And He hath put a new song in 
my mouth, * even praise unto our 
God. 

Many shall see it, and fear, * and 
shall trust in the LORD. 

Blessed is that man whose trust 
is the Name of the LORD : * and 
who respecteth not pride and lying 
vanities. 

Many, O LORD my God, are Thy 
wonderful works which Thou hast 
done : * and in Thy thoughts there 
is none like unto Thee. 

If I would declare and speak of 
them, * they are more than can be 
numbered. 

Sacrifice and offering Thou hast 
not desired; * but mine ears hast 
Thou opened. 

Burnt-offering and sin-offering hast 
Thou not required : * then said I : 
Lo, I come. 

In the beginning of the book it is 
written of me that I should fulfil 
Thy will: * O my God, I delight 
to do it, yea, Thy law is within mine 
heart. 

I have preached Thy righteous 
ness in the great congregation : * lo, 
I have not refrained my lips : O 
LORD, Thou knowest. 



1 SLH. 



94 



THE PSALTER. 



I have not hidden Thy righteous 
ness within mine heart : * I have 
declared Thy faithfulness and Thy 
salvation. 

I have not concealed Thy loving- 
kindness, and Thy truth * from the 
great congregation. 

Withhold not Thou Thy tender 
mercies from me, O LORD : * let 
Thy loving-kindness and Thy truth 
continually preserve me. 

For countless evils have com 
passed me about : * mine iniquities 
have taken hold upon me, and I am 
not able to look up. 

They are more in number than 
the hairs of mine head : * and mine 
heart faileth me. 

Be pleased, O LORD, to deliver 
me : * O LORD, look upon me to 
help me. 

Let them be ashamed and con 
founded together that seek after my 
soul, * to destroy it. 

Let them be driven backward, 
and put to shame, * that wish me 
evil. 

Let them quickly bear their 
shame, * that say unto me : Aha, 
Aha. 

Let all those that seek Thee re 
joice and be glad in Thee : * and 
let such as love Thy salvation say 
continually : The LORD be mag 
nified. 

But I am poor and needy : * the 
Lord thinketh upon me. 

Thou art mine Helper and my 
Deliverer : * make no tarrying, O 
God. 

Antiphon. l That I sin not with 
my tongue. 

Second Antiphon. Heal. 



Psalm XL. 

[Intituled " A Psalm of David," with 
some other words, of meaning now un 
certain, as in some other Psalms.] 

T3LESSED is he that considereth 
*-} the poor and needy : * the 
LORD will deliver him in time of 
trouble. 

The LORD preserve him, and 
quicken him, and make him to be 
blessed upon the earth : * and de 
liver him not unto the will of his 
enemies ! 

The LORD strengthen him upon 
his bed of suffering ! * Thou hast 
made all his bed in his sickness. 

As for me, I said : LORD, be 
merciful unto me : * heal my soul, 
for I have sinned against Thee. 

Mine enemies speak evil of me : 
* When shall he die, and his name 
perish ? 

If he came to see me he spake 
vanity : * his heart gathereth iniquity 
to itself. 

He went out, * and told it. 

All they that hate me whispered 
together against me : * against me 
did they devise mine hurt. 

They plotted together to do me 
evil : * Now that he lieth, surely he 
shall rise up no more. 

Yea, mine own familiar friend in 
whom I trusted, * who did eat of 
my bread, hath lifted up his heel 
against me. 2 

But Thou, O LORD, be merciful 
unto me, and raise me up : * and I 
will requite them. 

By this I know that Thou de- 
lightest in me : * because mine 
enemy cannot triumph over me. 

But as for me, Thou upholdest 



Ps. xxxviii. 2. 



Quoted by our Lord. John xiii. 18. 



TUESDAY AT MATTINS. 



95 



me, because of mine innocence : * 
and settest me before Thy face for 
ever. 

Blessed be the LORD God of 
Israel from everlasting, and to 
everlasting. * Amen, Amen. 1 

Psalm XLI. 

[This Psalm has a superscription, the 
meaning of which is not now certain, but 
which seems in part to imply that it was a 
didactic poem written to be sung by the 
choir of the Korahites, a family of Levites 
and singers in the time of David.] 

AS the hart panteth after the 
water -brooks : * so panteth 
my soul after Thee, O God! 

My soul is athirst for God, for 
the mighty God, for the living God : 

* when shall I come and appear 
before God? 

My tears have been my meat day 
and night, * while they daily say 
unto me : Where is thy God ? 

When I remember these things, 
I pour out my soul in me : * for 
I will go unto the place of the 
wondrous Tabernacle, even unto 
the house of God. 

With the voice of joy and praise, 

* the noise of a multitude that keep 
holiday. 

Why art thou cast down, O my 
soul, * and why art thou disquieted 
in me? 

Hope thou in God, for I shall yet 
praise Him, * the Health of my 
countenance and my God. 

My soul is cast down within me : 

* therefore will I remember Thee 
from the land of Jordan, and from 



the mountains of Hermon, 2 from the 
Little Hill. 3 

Deep calleth unto deep, * at the 
noise of Thy waterspouts. 

All Thy waves and Thy billows * 
are gone over me. 

The LORD hath commanded [the 
praise of] His loving- kindness in 
the day-time, * and in the night 
His song. 

Mine shall it be to pray unto the 
God of my life. * I will say unto 
God : Thou art my refuge. 

Why hast Thou forgotten me ? * 
and why go I mourning, while the 
enemy oppresseth me? 

While my bones are broken, * 
they that trouble me, even mine 
enemies, reproach me ; 

While they say daily unto me : 
Where is thy God ? * Why art thou 
cast down, O my soul, and why art 
thou disquieted within me ? 

Hope thou in God, for I shall yet 
praise Him : * the Health of my 
countenance and my God. 

Antiphon. 4 Heal my soul, O 
Lord, for I have sinned against Thee. 
Third Antiphon. Mine heart. 

Psalm XLI 1 1. 

[This Psalm has the same uncertain 
[? musical] superscription as some others, 
and the Targum farther ascribes its author 
ship to David.] 

A 1TE have heard with our ears, 
* V O God : * our fathers have 
told us, 

What work Thou didst in their 
days, * and in the times of old. 



1 With this Psalm ends the first of the five books into which the Psalter is divided. 

a A chain of mountains in the north-east of Palestine, stretching down on the eastern 
side of Jordan. 

3 Or rather, the hill Mizar (viz. the Little), proper name of a mountain on the eastern 
ridge of Lebanon. May it not be that the Korahites were among the Levitical families 
which had cities in the north and north-east districts ? 4 Ps. xl. 5. 



9 6 



THE PSALTER. 



Thine hand scattered the heathen, 
and planted them : * Thou didst 
afflict the people and cast them out. 

For they got not the land in pos 
session by their own sword : * neither 
did their own arm save them. 

But Thy right hand, and Thine 
arm, and the light of Thy counten 
ance : * because Thou hadst a favour 
unto them. 

Thou art my King and my God : 
* Who commandest victories for 
Jacob ! 

Through Thee shall our horn toss 
our enemies : * through Thy Name 
will we tread them under that rise 
up against us. 

For I will not trust in my bow : * 
neither shall my sword save me. 

For Thou hast saved us from them 
that afflicted us, * and hast put to 
shame them that hated us. 

In God will we glory all the day 
long, * and will praise Thy Name 
for ever. 1 

But now Thou hast cast off and 
put us to shame : * and Thou, O 
God, wilt not go forth with our 
armies. 

Thou hast turned us back behind 
our enemies : * and they that hate 
us take spoil for themselves. 

Thou hast given us like sheep ap 
pointed for meat, * and hast scat 
tered us among the heathen. 

Thou hast sold Thy people for 
nought, * and hast not increased 
Thy wealth by their price. 

Thou makest us a reproach to our 
neighbours, * a scorn and a derision 
to them that are round about us. 

Thou makest us a by-word among 
the heathen, * a shaking of the head 
among the peoples. 

My confusion is all day long be 



fore me, * and the shame of my face 
hath covered me, 

For the voice of him that reproach- 
eth and blasphemeth, * by reason of 
the enemy and avenger. 

All this is come upon us, yet have 
we not forgotten Thee : * neither 
have we dealt falsely in Thy covenant. 

Our heart also is not turned back : 

* neither have our steps strayed 
from Thy way ; 

Though Thou hast sore broken us 
in the place of affliction, * and the 
shadow of death hath covered us. 

If we have forgotten the Name of 
our God, * or stretched out our 
hands to a strange god ; 

Shall not God search this out ? * 
for He knoweth the secrets of the 
heart. 

Yea, for Thy sake are we killed all 
the day long : * we are counted as 
sheep for the slaughter. 

Awake, why sleepest Thou, O 
Lord? * arise, and cast us not off 
for ever. 

Wherefore hidest Thou Thy face, 

* and forgettest our affliction and 
our oppression ? 

For our soul is bowed down to 
the dust : * our belly cleaveth unto 
the earth. 

Arise, O Lord, help us : * and 
redeem us for Thy Name s sake. 

Psalm XLIV. 

[This Psalm has a long superscription, the 
exact meaning of which is not now certain. 
It seems to have been a marriage-song writ 
ten to be sung by the Korahites. The Tar- 
gum ascribes it to the time of Moses, but it 
seems rather to belong to that of the Jewish 
Monarchy.] 

TV /TINE heart is overflowing with 
-** a good matter : * I speak of 
my works unto the king. 



1 SLIL 



TUESDAY AT MATTINS. 



97 



My tongue is the pen * of a ready 
writer. 

Thou art fairer than the children 
of men, grace is poured into thy lips : 

* therefore God hath blessed thee 
for ever. 

Gird thy sword upon thy thigh, * 
O most mighty ! 

In thy comeliness, and thy beauty, 

* go forward, fare prosperously, and 
reign, 

Because of truth, and meekness, 
and righteousness : * and thy right 
hand shall lead thee wonderfully. 

Thine arrows are sharp (the 
people shall fall under thee) * into 
the heart of the King s enemies. 

1 Thy throne, O God, is for ever 
and ever : * the sceptre of Thy 
kingdom is a right sceptre. 

Thou hast loved righteousness, 
and hated iniquity : * therefore, 
God, thy God, hath anointed thee 
with the oil of gladness above thy 
fellows. 

Thy garments smell of myrrh, and 
aloes, and cassia, out of the ivory 
palaces, * whereby kings daughters 
among thine honourable women have 
made thee glad. 

Upon thy right hand did stand 
the queen in a vesture of gold, * 
bedecked with divers colours. 

Hearken, O daughter, and con 
sider, and incline thine ear : * for 
get also thine own people, and thy 
father s house : 

And the King shall greatly de 
sire thy beauty : * for He is the 
Lord thy God, 2 and Him shall they 
worship. 

And the daughters of Tyre shall 



entreat thy favour * with gifts, even 
all the rich among the people. 

The King s daughter is all glo 
rious within, * in a vesture of gold, 
clad in divers colours. 

After her shall virgins be brought 
unto the king : * her fellows shall 
be brought unto thee. 

With gladness and rejoicing shall 
they be brought : * they shall enter 
into the King s palace. 

Instead of thy fathers shall be 
thy children : * thou shalt make 
them princes over all the earth. 

They shall be mindful of thy 
name, * unto all generations. 

Therefore shall the people praise 
thee for ever, * yea, for ever and 
ever. 

Antiphon. 3 Mine heart is over 
flowing with a good matter. 
Fourth Antiphon. Our help. 

Psalm XLV. 

[This Psalm has a superscription of un 
certain meaning, but of which part seems 
to imply that it was to be sung by treble 
voices, from the choir of the Korahite 
family. And the Targum ascribes it, but 
apparently by a mere guess, to the time when 
Korah and his fellow-rebels were destroyed 
by an earthquake in the wilderness, but 
"the children of Korah died not" (Num. 
xxvi. 10, u).] 

OD is our refuge and strength, 
" * our help in trouble, which 
is come upon us exceedingly. 

Therefore will we not fear, though 
the earth be removed, * and though 
the mountains be carried into the 
midst of the sea ; 

Though the waters thereof roar 



1 So are these words translated in Heb. i. 8, 9. 

2 The word "God" is not in the Hebrew, and the original meaning, addressed to the 
bride, is, "He is thy lord, and bow thou to him." So also St Jerome. 

3 Ps. xliv. 2. 



VOL. IV. 



9 8 



THE PSALTER. 



and be troubled ; * though the 
mountains shake with the swelling 
thereof. 1 

[There is] a river, the streams 
whereof make glad the city of God : 
* the Most High hath hallowed His 
Tabernacle. 

God is in the midst of her, she 
shall not be moved : * God shall 
help her right early. 

The heathen raged, and the king 
doms were moved : * He uttered 
His voice, the earth melted. 

The LORD of hosts is with us : * 
the God of Jacob is our refuge. 1 

Come and behold the works of 
the LORD, what wonders He hath 
wrought in the earth ; * He maketh 
wars to cease unto the end of the 
earth. 

He breaketh the bow and cut- 
teth the weapons in sunder : * and 
burneth the shields in the fire. 

Be still, and know that I am 
God : * I will be exalted among 
the heathen, and I will be exalted 
in the earth. 

The LORD of hosts is with us : * 
the God of Jacob is our refuge. 1 

Psalm XLVI. 

[Intituled " A Psalm of the sons of 
Korah," with another (now uncertain) direc 
tion.] 

OCLAP your hands, all ye 
people : * shout unto God 
with the voice of triumph. 

For the LORD Most High is ter 
rible : * He is a great King over all 
the earth. 

He hath subdued the people 
under us, * and the nations under 
our feet. 

He hath chosen His own inheri- 

1 SLH. 



tance for us, * the excellency of 
Jacob, whom He loved. 1 

God is gone up with a shout, * 
and the LORD with the sound of a 
trumpet. 

Sing praises to our God, sing 
praises : * sing praises unto our 
King, sing praises. 

For God is the King of all the 
earth : * sing ye praises with under 
standing. 

God reigneth over the heathen : 

* God sitteth upon the throne of 
His holiness. 

The princes of the people are 
gathered together with the God of 
Abraham : * for the mighty ones 
of the earth are greatly exalted. 

Antiphon. 2 Our help in trouble. 
Fifth Antiphon. Great is the 
LORD. 

If this Antiphon be used the Psalm 
begins with the words, " And greatly to 
be praised." 

Psalm XLVII. 

[Intituled "A Song. A Psalm of the 
sons of Korah." The Vulgate and the 
LXX. assign it to the second day of the 
week.] 

GREAT is the LORD, and greatly 
to be praised * in the city of 
our God, in the mountain of His 
holiness. 

Beautiful for situation, the joy of 
the whole earth, is mount Zion, * 
on the sides of the north, the city 
of the great King. 

God is known in her palaces * 
for a refuge. 

For, lo, the kings were assembled : 

* they passed by together. 

They saw, and so they marvelled; 

2 Ps. xlv. 2. 



TUESDAY AT MATTINS. 



99 



they were troubled, they hasted 
away : * fear took*hold upon them 

There, pain, as of a woman in 
travail. * Thou shalt break the 
ships of Tarshish 1 with a mighty 
wind. 

As we have heard, so have we 
seen in the city of the LORD of 
hosts, in the city of our God : * 
God hath established her for ever. 2 

We have received Thy loving- 
kindness, O God, * in the midst 
of Thy temple. 

According to Thy Name, O God, 
so is Thy praise unto the ends of 
the earth : * Thy right hand is full 
of righteousness. 

Let mount Zion rejoice, and let 
the daughters of Judah be glad, * 
because of Thy judgments, O Lord. 

Walk about Zion, and go round 
about her : * tell the towers thereof. 

Mark ye well her bulwarks : * 
and consider her palaces ; that 
ye may tell it to the generation 
following. 

For this God is our God for ever 
and ever : * He shall be our guide 
for ever. 

PsalmXLVlII. 

[This Psalm has the same title as Ps. 
xlvi.] 

T T EAR this, all ye people : * 
-* -* give ear, all ye inhabitants 
of the world ; 

Both low and high : * rich and 
poor together. 

My mouth shall speak of wisdom : 
* and the meditation of my heart 
shall be of understanding. 

I will incline mine ear to a par 
able : * I will open my saying 
upon the harp. 

1 A very flourishing colony and emporium 



Wherefore should I fear in the 
day of evil ? * The iniquity of them 
that dog mine heels shall compass 
me about, 

They that trust in their own 
strength, * and boast themselves 
in the multitude of their riches. 

Can a man redeem, redeem his 
brother ? * He cannot give to God 
a ransom for himself 
Nor yet a redemption for his own 
soul, * if he should work for ever, 
and live even unto the end. 

Nay, though he should not see 

destruction, when he beholdeth 

wise men die * likewise the 

fool and the brutish person perish, 

And leave their wealth to others : 

* and their grave shall be their 
house for ever 

Even their dwelling-place to all 
generations : * they called their 
lands after their own names. 

For man, having been created 
in honour, hath had no understand 
ing : * he hath made himself like 
unto the beasts that understand 
not, and is become like unto 
them. 

This their way is a stumbling- 
block for themselves : * yet their 
posterity will approve their sayings. 2 

Like sheep they are laid in the 
grave : * death will pasture them. 

And the upright shall have do 
minion over them in the morning : 

* and the beauty of their strength 
shall waste away in the grave. 

But God will redeem my soul 
from the power of the grave, * 
when He shall receive me. 2 

Be not thou afraid when one is 
made rich, * and when the glory 
of his house is increased. 

For when he dieth he shall carry 
of the Phoenicians in Spain. 2 SLH. 



IOO 



THE PSALTER. 



nothing away, * his glory shall not 
descend with him. 

Though while he lived he blessed 
his soul ; * and praised thee when 
thou didst well to him. 

He shall go to the generation of 
his fathers : * and shall never see 
light. 

Man, having been created in 
honour, hath had no understand 
ing : * he hath made himself like 
unto the beasts that understand 
not, and is become like unto them. 

Antiphon. 1 Great is the LORD, 
and greatly to be praised. 

Sixth Antiphon. The God of 
gods. 

If this Antiphon be used, the Psalm 
begins with the words, " Even the 
LORD." 

Psalm XLIX. 

[Intituled "A Psalm of Asaph." This 
Asaph was a Levite, chief of the singers 
appointed by David, i Par. (Chron.) xvi. 
4. " And he (David) appointed certain of 
the Levites to minister before the Ark of 
the LORD, and to record, and to thank 
and praise the LORD God of Israel. Asaph 
the chief, and next to him Zachariah, Jeiel, 
Shemiramoth, and Jehiel, and Mattithiah, 
and Eliab, and Benaiah, and Obed-edom ; 
and Jeiel with psalteries and with harps ; 
but Asaph made a sound with cymbals."] 

HTHE God of gods, even the 
* LORD, hath spoken, * and 
called the earth, 

From the rising of the sun unto 
the going down thereof. * Out of 
Zion, the Perfection of beauty, 

God shall come manifestly, * 
even our God, and shall not keep 
silence. 

A fire shall devour before Him : 
* and it shall be very tempestuous 
round about Him. 

1 Ps. xlvii. 2. 



He shall call to the heavens from 
above, * and (fo the earth, that 
He may judge His people. 

Gather His saints together unto 
Him, " those that have made a 
covenant with Him by sacrifice. 

And the heavens shall declare 
His righteousness : * for God is 
Judge Himself. 2 

Hear, O My people, and I will 
speak ; O Israel, and I will testify 
against thee ; * I am God, even 
thy God. 

I will not reprove thee for thy 
sacrifices : * for thy burnt -offerings 
are continually before Me. 

I will take no bullock out of thine 
house, * nor he -goats out of thy 
folds. 

For every beast of the forest is 
Mine, * the cattle and the bulls 
upon the mountains. 

I know all the birds of the sky : 

* and the beauty of the field is 
Mine. 

If I were hungry, I would not 
tell thee : * for the earth is Mine, 
and the fulness thereof. 

Will I eat the flesh of bulls, * 
or drink the blood of goats? 

Offer unto God the sacrifice of 
praise : * and pay thy vows unto the 
Most High : 

And call upon Me in the day of 
trouble : * I will deliver thee, and 
thou shalt glorify Me. 

But unto the wicked, God saith : 

* What hast thou to do to declare 
My statutes, that thou shouldest take 
My covenant in thy mouth ? 

Seeing thou hatest instruction, * 
and castest My words behind thee ? 

When thou sawest a thief then 
thou tookest pleasure iij him : * and 
hast been partaker with adulterers. 
2 SLH. 



TUESDAY AT MATTINS. 



101 



Thy mouth aboundeth with evil : 

* and thy tongue frameth deceit. 
Thou satest and spakest against 

thy brother, and slanderedst thine 
own mother s son : * these things 
hast thou done, and I kept silence. 

Thou thoughtest wickedly that I 
was such an one as thyself : * I will 
reprove thee, and set them in order 
before thine eyes. 

Consider ye this, ye that forget 
God : * lest He tear you in pieces, 
and there be none to deliver. 

The sacrifice of praise shall honour 
Me : * and there is the path where 
in I will show unto him the salvation 
of God. 

Psalm LI. 

[After another uncertain superscription, 
the title of this Psalm proceeds : " [A 
Psalm] of David, when Doeg the Edomite 
came and told Saul, and said unto him : 
David is come to the house of Ahimelech." 
The circumstances may be read in I Kings 
(Sam.) xxii. (Saturday, fourth week after 
Pentecost). After Doeg told Saul, the 
latter sent for Ahimelech and the other 
Priests, and ordered them to execution. 
" But the servants of the king would not 
put forth their hand to fall upon the Priests 
of the LORD. And the king said to Doeg : 
Turn thou, and fall upon the Priests. And 
Doeg the Edomite turned and fell upon the 
Priests, and slew on that day four-score and 
five persons that did wear a linen ephod. " 
The inhabitants of the Priestly city of Nob 
were also brutally massacred. One of the 
sons of Ahimelech escaped and told David.] 

WHY boastest thou thyself in 
mischief, * O thou that art 
mighty in iniquity ? 

Thy tongue deviseth unrighteous 
ness all the day long : * like a sharp 
razor hast thou wrought treachery. 
Thou lovest evil more than good ; 

* iniquity rather than to speak of 
uprightness. 1 



1 SLH. 



Thou lovest all deadly words, * 
O thou deceitful tongue ! 

Therefore God shall destroy thee 
for ever : * He shall take thee away, 
and pluck thee out of thy dwelling- 
place, and root thee out of the land 
of the living. 1 

The righteous shall see it, and 
fear, and shall laugh at him, and 
say : * Lo, this is the man that 
made not God his strength ; 

But trusted in the abundance of 
his riches : * and hardened himself 
in his wickedness. 

But I am like a fruitful olive- 
tree in the house of God, * I trust 
in the mercy of God for ever and 
ever. 

I will praise Thee for ever, be 
cause Thou hast done it : * and I 
will wait on Thy name, for it is 
good before Thy saints. 

Antiphon. 2 The God of gods, 
even the LORD, hath spoken. 

Antiphon for Paschal time. Al 
leluia, Alleluia, Alleluia. 

Then is said a Verse and Answer. 
In Advent. 

Verse. Send forth the Lamb, O 
Lord, the ruler of the land. 

Answer. From the "Rock" of 
the wilderness unto the mount of 
the daughter of Zion. 

During the rest of the year. 

Verse. 3 Offer unto God the sac 
rifice of praise. 

Answer. And pay thy vows un 
to the Most High. 

/// Lent. 

Verse. He shall cover thee with 
His wings. 

2 Ps. xlix. I. * Ps. xlix. 14. 



102 



THE PSALTER. 



Answer. And under His feath 
ers shalt thou trust. 

/;/ Passion time. 

Verse. O Lord, save me from 
the lion s mouth. 

Answer. And mine affliction 
from the horns of the unicorns. 

In Paschal time. 

Verse. The Lord is risen in 
deed, Alleluia. 

Answer. And hath appeared un 
to Simon, Alleluia. 

The rest is the same as the Second 
Nocturn on the preceding Sunday, only 
the Lessons, and sometimes the Respon- 
sories, are those of the day. 

Simple Feasts. It is to be remembered 
that when a Simple Feast is kept on 
Tuesday, the Invitatory and Hymn are 
of the Feast, being taken from the Com 
mon of Saints of the class, unless speci 
ally given. 

Then the Psalms and Antipho?is of 
the Week-day, as given above. Then is 
said a Verse and Answer as follows : 

In the Simple Office for one or many 
Martyrs in Paschal time. 

Verse. The everlasting light 
shall shine upon Thy Saints, O 
Lord. Alleluia. 

Answer. Even unto everlasting. 
Alleluia. 

In the Simple Office for one Martyr 
(put of Paschal time}. 

Verse. 1 Thou hast set a crown, 
O Lord, of precious stones. 
Answer. Upon his head. 

In the Simple Office for many Martyrs 
(out of Paschal time}. 

Verse. 2 Let the righteous re 
joice before God. 



1 Ps. xx. 4. 
4 Ps. xxxvi. 30. 



Ps. Ixvii. 4. 



Answer. Yea, let them exceed 
ingly rejoice. 

In the Simple Office for a Bishop and 
Confessor. 

Verse. 3 The Lord chose him for 
a priest unto Himself. 

[In Paschal time, add Alleluia.] 

Answer. To offer up unto Him 
the sacrifice of praise. 

[In Paschal time, add Alleluia.] 

In the Simple Office for a Confessor 
not a Bishop. 

Verse. 4 The mouth of the right 
eous shall speak wisdom. 

[In Paschal time, add Alleluia.] 

Answer. And his tongue talk of 
judgment. 

[In Paschal time, add Alleluia.] 
For one Holy Woman, of whatever kind. 

Verse. 5 God shall give her the 
help of His countenance. 

[In Paschal time, add Alleluia.] 

Answer. God is in the midst of 
her, she shall not be moved. 

[In Paschal time, add Alleluia.] 

The others, as well as what follows, 
.to the end of the Service, are taken from 
the Second Nocturn of the Office common 
to Saints of the class, unless something 
special be appointed. The Lessons are 
arranged according to the rules in Chap 
ter xxvi. 4 of the general Rubrics. 
The Hymn, " We praise Thee, O God," 
is said at the end, instead of a Third 
Responsory. The Respo?isories are ar 
ranged according to the rules in Chapter 
xxvii. 4 of the general Rubrics. Thus ; 

The Lord s Prayer is said : 

Father (inaudibly\ Who art 
in heaven, Hallowed be Thy 
Name. Thy kingdom come. Thy 

Cf. Ecclus. xlv. 1 6, 27. 



Ps. xlv. 6 (Alexandrian version). 



TUESDAY AT MATTINS. 



103 



will be done on earth, as it is in 
heaven. Give us this day our daily 
bread. And forgive us our tres 
passes, as we forgive them that tres 
pass against us. (Aloud*) 

Verse. And lead us not into 
temptation. 

Answer. But deliver us from 
evil. 

Then this Absolution : 

\ /T AY His loving kindness and 

*** mercy help us, Who liveth 

and reigneth with the Father, and 

the Holy Ghost, world without end. 

Ansiver. Amen. 

Then the Reader says : 

Sir, be pleased to give the bless 
ing. 

First Blessing, if the Lesson be from 
Scripture. 

God the Father the Almighty 
Show on us His grace and mercy. 
Answer. Amen. 

First Blessing, if the Lesson be of an 
Homily. 

May the Gospel s saving Lord 
Bless the reading of His Word. 
Answer. Amen. 

First Blessing on a Simple Feast. 

May His blessing be upon us, 
Who doth live and reign for ever. 
Answer. Amen. 

Then is read the First Lesson from 
Scripture or from the Homily, or, on a 
Simple Feast, either the First from 
Scripture, or, if the Saint or Saints 
have two Lessons, the whole three Scrip 
ture Lessons read together as one. 

Then the First Responsory, unless 
otherwise directed. On a week-day kept 
as such, this is the First Responsory of 
the Second Nocturn of the preceding 



Sunday. On a Simple Feast, it is the 
first Responsory in the Common Office 
for the class to which the Saint belongs. 

Then the Reader says : 

Sir, be pleased to give the bless 
ing. 

Second Blessing, if the Lesson be of 
Scripture. 

May Christ to all His people give 
For ever in His sight to live. 
Answer. Amen. 

Second Blessing, if the Lesson be from 
an Homily. 

God s most mighty strength alway 
Be His people s staff and stay. 
Answer. Amen. 

Second Blessing, for a Simple Feast. 

He (or She or They) whose feast-day 

we are keeping 
Plead for us before the Lord. 
Answer. Amen. 

Then is read the Second Lesson, either 
from the Scripture or from an Homily, 
or, on a Simple Feast, either the Second 
and Third Lessons from Scripture read 
together as one, or, If the Saint or Saints 
have two Lessons, the first of these. 

Then the Second Responsory, unless 
otherwise directed. On a week-day kept 
as such, this is the Second Responsory 
of the preceding Sunday, but in Paschal 
time there is added to it : 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

And the Answer of the Responsory is 
repeated again. 

On a Simple Feast the Second Re 
sponsory in the Common Office for the 
class to which the Saint belongs, with the 
addition of " Glory be to the Father," 
&*c., and the repetition of the Answer. 



104 



THE PSALTER. 



Then the Reader says : 

Sir, be pleased to give the bless 
ing. 

Third Blessing, if the Lesson be of 
Scripture. 

May the Spirit s fire divine 
In our inmost being shine. 
Answer. Amen. 

Third Blessing, for a Simple Feast, or 
if the Lesson be from an Homily. 



May He that is the Angels King 
To that high realm His people bring. 
Answer. Amen. 

Then is read the Third Lesson either 
from Scripture, or of the Homily, or, 
on Simple Feasts, the Second or only 
Lesson of the Saint. 

Then, on Simple Feasts and on any 
day in Paschal time save Rogation 
Monday is said the Hymn, " We praise 
Thee, O God." But on week-days kept 
as such out of Paschal time the Third 
Responsory of the preceding Sunday. 



ttt 



THE THIRD DAY OF THE WEEK. 



All as on Sunday, except as otherwise 
given here. 

The Psalms are as follows : 
Antiphon. O Lord. 

Psalm L. 
Have mercy upon me, &c. (p. 



Antiphon. O Lord, blot out my 
transgressions. 

Second Antiphon. The health. 

PsalmXLII. 

{The Vulgate and the LXX. ascribe this 
Psalm "to David."] 

JUDGE me, O God, and plead 
my cause against an ungodly 
nation : * O deliver me from the 
unjust and deceitful man. 

For Thou, O God, art my strength : 
* why dost Thou cast me off? and 
why go I mourning, because of the 
oppression of the enemy ? 

O send out Thy light and Thy 
truth : * let them lead me and bring 
me unto Thine holy hill, and unto 
Thy tabernacles! 

Then will I go unto the Altar 
of God, * unto God, the Gladdener 
-of my youth ! 

VOL. iv. 



Upon the harp will I praise 
Thee, O God, my God ! * why art 
thou cast down, O my soul? and 
why dost thou disquiet me ? 

Hope thou in God : for I will still 
praise Him, * Who is the health of 
my countenance, and my God. 



Antiphon. The health of 
countenance, and my God. 
Third Antiphon. Early. 



my 



O God, Thou art my God, &c. 

(/ 23). 

Antiphon. Early will I seek Thee, 
O God. 

Fourth Antiphon. Save us. 



THE SONG OF HEZEKIAH, KING OF 
JUDAH. (Isa. xxxviii. 10.) 

[Intituled "The writing of Hezekiah, 
King of Judah, when he had been sick, and 
was recovered of his sickness." The his 
tory will be found in 4 (2) Kings xx. (nth 
Sunday after Pentecost).] 

I SAID, In the midst of my days, 
* I shall go to the gates of the 
grave : 

I looked for the rest of my 
years. * I said, I shall not see the 
D 2 



io6 



THE PSALTER. 



LORD my God l in the land of the 
living : 

I .shall behold man no more, * 
with the dwellers in the land of 
rest. 

Mine age is departed, and is 
rolled up from me, * as a shepherd s 
tent: 

My life is cut off as by a weaver : 
my web was scarce begun when He 
cut me off: * from day even to 
night wilt Thou make an end of 
me. 

I thought I might live till morn 
ing : * as a lion, so doth He break 
all my bones : 

From day even to night wilt Thou 
make an end of me. * Like a 
swallow s fledgling so did I twitter, 
I did coo as a dove : 

Mine eyes fail, * with looking 
upward. 

LORD, I am seized, undertake 
for me. * What shall I say, or what 
will He answer me, seeing that He 
Himself hath done it ? 

1 will call to remembrance before 
Thee all my years * in the bitter 
ness of my soul. 

O Lord, if by these things men 
live, and in such things is the life 
of my spirit, so mayest Thou chasten 
me, and make me to live. * Be 
hold, mine anguish is [turned] into 
peace : 

But Thou hast delivered my soul 
from destruction : * Thou hast cast 
all my sins behind Thy back. 

For the grave cannot praise Thee, 
death cannot celebrate Thee : * they 
that go down into the pit cannot 
hope for Thy truth. 

The living, the living, he shall 



praise Thee, as I do this day : * 
the father to the children shall make 
known Thy truth. 

O LORD, save me : * and we will 
sing our songs all the days of our 
life in the house of the LORD. 

Antiphon. Save us all the days of 
our life, O Lord. 

Fifth Antiphon, Praise ye the 
LORD. 



Psalms CXLVIII., CXLIX., CL. 

Praise ye the LORD from the 
heavens, &c. (pp. 25, 26). 

Antiphon. Praise ye the LORD 
from the heavens, all His Angels. 

CHAPTER. (Rom. xiii. 12.) 

The night is far spent, &c. (as on 
Monday, p. 89). 

HYMN. 2 

DAY S herald bird 
At length is heard, 
Telling its morning torch is lit, 
And small and still 
Christ s accents thrill 
Within the heart, rekindling it. 

Away, He cries, 

With languid eyes, 
And sickly slumbers profitless ! 

I am at hand, 

As watchers stand, 
In awe, and truth, and holiness. 

He will appear, 

The hearts to cheer 
Of suppliants pale and abstinent ; 

Who cannot sleep 

Because they weep 
With holy grief and violent. 



1 " My God" is not in the Hebrew, but the Divine Name is repeated. 

2 Author of original, Aurelius Prudentius Clemens: b. 348 A.D., d. after 405 A.D. 
Translation by the late Card. Newman. 



TUESDAY AT LAUDS. 



107 



Keep us awake, 

The fetters break, 
JESU ! which night has forged for us ; 

Yea, melt the night 

To sinless light, 
Till all is bright and glorious. 

To Father, Son, 

And Spirit, one, 
To the Most Holy Trinity, 

All praise be given 

In earth and heaven, 
Now, as of old, and endlessly. Amen. 



Verse. 1 Thou hast satisfied us 
early with Thy mercy. 

Answer. We rejoice and are glad. 

Antiphonfor the Songof Zacharias. 
The Lord hath raised up * an horn 
of salvation for us, in the house of 
His servant David. 

Commemoration of the Cross before 
tJie other gejieral Commemorations, and 
Long Preces in Advent and Lent, and 
on Fast-days, as on Monday. 



1 Ps. Ixxxix. 14. 



loS 



at Jftattin*. 



THE FOURTH DAY OF THE WEEK. 



All as on Sunday except as otherwise 
given here. 



Invitatory. In Thy hand. 
Lord, * are the inmost depths 
the earth. 

HYMN. 1 



O 

of 



A 17 HO madest all and dost control, 

* * Lord, with Thy touch divine, 
Cast out the slumbers of the soul, 
The rest that is not Thine. 

Look down, Eternal Holiness, 

And wash the sins away 
Of those, who, rising to confess, 

Outstrip the lingering day. 

Our hearts and hands by night, O Lord, 

We lift them in our need ; 
As holy Psalmists give the word, 

And holy Paul the deed. 

Each sin to Thee of years gone by, 
Each hidden stain lies bare ; 

We shrink not from Thine awful eye, 
But pray that Thou wouldst spare. 

Grant this, O Father, Only Son, 

And Spirit, God of grace, 
To Whom all worship shall be done 

In every time and place. Amen. 

Only one Nocturn is said. 

Antiphon. God bringeth back. 

In Paschal time only one Ajitipkon 
is said to the whole Nocttirn. Alleluia. 



Psalm LI I. 

[Intituled "of David," with a further 
superscription, perhaps musical, but of a 
(now) uncertain meaning. The Targum 
gives it the additional superscription, "to 
render praise, for the reward of the impious 
who blasphemed the Name of the Lord." 
It is a repetition of Ps. xiii.] 

THE fool hath said in his heart : 
* There is no God. 

Corrupt are they and have done 
abominable iniquity : * there is 
none that doeth good. 

God looketh down from heaven 
upon the children of men, * to see 
if there be any that will understand, 
or that will seek God. 

Every one of them is gone back, 
they are altogether become unprofit 
able : * there is none that doeth 
good, no, not one. 

Have the workers of iniquity no 
knowledge, * who eat up my people 
as they eat bread ? 

They have not called upon God : 
there were they in great fear, 
where no fear was. 

For God hath scattered the bones 
of them that work that which is 
pleasing in the sight of men : * 
they are put to shame, because God 
hath despised them. 

O that the salvation of Israel 



1 Another hymn of the Ambrosian school. Translation by the late Card. Newman, 



WEDNESDAY AT MATTINS. 



I0 9 



were come out of Zion ! * when 
God bringeth back the captivity of 
His people, Jacob shall rejoice, and 
Israel shall be glad. 

Psalm LIV. 

[This Psalm has a superscription of which 
nothing can now be certainly interpreted, 
except the ascription of authorship "To 
David."] 

GIVE ear to my prayer, O God, 
and despise not my suppli 
cation : * attend unto me and hear 
me. 

I mourn in my exercise ; * and 
am troubled, because of the voice 
of the enemy, and because of the 
oppression of the wicked. 

For they cast iniquity upon me : 

* and in wrath they hate me. 
My heart is sore pained within 

me : * and the terrors of death are 
fallen upon me. 

Fearfulness and trembling are 
come upon me : " and darkness 
hath overwhelmed me. 

And I said : O that I had wings 
like a dove, * for then would I fly 
away and be at rest ! 

Lo, then would I wander far off, 

* and remain in the wilderness. 1 

I waited for Him Who hath de 
livered me * from distress of spirit 
and from tempest. 

Destroy, O Lord ! divide their 
tongues : * for I have seen iniquity 
and strife in the city. 

Day and night iniquity goeth 
round about upon her walls : * 
trouble also and unrighteousness are 
in the midst of her. 

Usury and guile * depart not 
from her streets. 

For if mine enemy had reproached 
me, * then I could have borne it. 



If he also that hated me had 
magnified himself against me, * 
then haply I would have hidden 
myself from him. 

But it was thou, a man like- 
minded, * my guide and mine ac 
quaintance : 

We took pleasant meats together : 

* we walked unto the house of God 
in company. 

Let death come upon them : * 
and let them go down quick into 
hell; 

For wickedness is in their dwell 
ings, * among them. 

But as for me I have called upon 
God : * and the LORD shall save 
me. 

Evening, and morning, and at 
noon will I complain and cry aloud, 

* and He shall hear my voice. 

He shall deliver my soul in 
peace from them that draw nigh 
against me : * for there were many 
against me. 

God shall hear and afflict them, 

* even He That abideth of old. 1 
Because they have no changes, 

therefore they fear not God. * He 
hath stretched forth His hand to 
requite them. 

They have broken His covenant : 
the anger of His countenance hath 
put them to flight, * and His wrath 
pursueth them. 

His words were softer than oil, 

* yet were they drawn swords. 
Cast thy burden upon the LORD, 

and He shall sustain thee : * He 
shall never suffer the righteous to 
be moved. 

But Thou, O God, shalt bring 
them down * into the pit of destruc 
tion. 

Bloody and deceitful men shall 



SLH. 



110 



THE PSALTER. 



not live out half their days : * but 
I will trust in Thee, O Lord. 

Antiphon. l God bringeth back 
the captivity of His people. 
Second Antiphon. For my soul. 



Psalm LV. 

[This Psalm has a long and very obscure 
superscription. From part of this it seems 
that it was written to be sung to a tune 
called "The dumb dove among foreigners." 
The authorship is ascribed "To David, 
when the Philistines took him in Gath." 
This may either be the occasion described 
in the note on Ps. xxxiii. (p. 78), or that 
narrated thus in I Kings (Sam.) xxvii. 
" And David said in his heart : I shall now 
perish one day by the hand of Saul ; there 
is nothing better for me than that I should 
speedily escape into the land of the Philis 
tines ; and Saul shall despair of me, to 
seek me any more in any coast of Israel ; 
so shall I escape out of his hand. And 
David arose, and he passed over, with the 
six hundred men that were with him, unto 
Achish, the son of Maoch, king of Gath. 
. . . And it was told Saul that David was 
fled to Gath, and he sought no more again 
for him."] 

T3E merciful unto me, O God, for 
4-* man treadeth me down : * he 
fighteth all the day long, and op- 
presseth me. 

Mine enemies tread me down all 
the day long : * for they be many 
that fight against me. 

The height of the morning makes 
me afraid, * but I will trust in 
Thee. 

In God I will praise His word, 
in God I have put my trust : * I 
will not fear what flesh can do unto 
me. 

All the day long they wrest my 
words : * all their thoughts are 
against me for evil. 

They gather themselves together 



and hide themselves : * they mark 
my steps. 

When they wait for my soul, 
for nothing shalt Thou deliver 
them : * in Thine anger Thou 
shalt cast down the people. 

God, I have declared my life 
unto Thee, * Thou hast put my 
tears in Thy sight, 

Even as Thou hast promised. * 
Then shall mine enemies turn back, 

In whatsoever day I cry unto 
Thee : * behold, I know that Thou 
art my God. 

In God will I praise His word, 
in the LORD will I praise His 
word : * in God have I put my 
trust, I will not be afraid what 
man can do unto me. 

Thy vows are upon me, O God, 

1 will pay them, even praises 
unto Thee. 

For Thou hast delivered my 
soul from death, and my feet from 
falling; * that I may walk before 
God in the light of the living. 

Psalm LVI. 

[Another long title of uncertain meaning. 
The Psalm seems to have been written for 
a tune called "Destroy not," "by David, 
when he fled from Saul in the cave" i 
Kings (Sam.) xxii. I "David therefore 
departed thence" (viz. from Gath) "and 
escaped to the cave Adullam." See the 
note on Ps. xxxiii., p. 78.] 

E merciful unto me, O God, 
be merciful unto me : * for 
my soul trusteth in Thee. 

Yea, in the shadow of Thy wings 
will I make my refuge, * until this 
iniquity be overpast. 

I will cry unto God Most High : 
* unto God, That performeth all 
things for me. 



1 Ps. lii. 7. 



WEDNESDAY AT MATTINS. 



Ill 



He hath sent from heaven, and 
saved me : * He hath given for a 
reproach them that trod me down. 1 

God hath sent forth His mercy 
and His truth ; * and delivered my 
soul from among the lions whelps ; 
I was troubled in my sleep. 

As for the sons of men, their 
teeth are spears and arrows, * and 
their tongue a sharp sword. 

Be Thou exalted, O God, above 
the heavens : * and let Thy glory 
be over all the earth. 

They prepared a net for my 
steps ; * and bowed down my soul. 

They digged a pit before me : * 
into the midst whereof they are 
fallen themselves. 1 

Mine heart is ready, O God, 
mine heart is ready : * I will sing, 
and give praise. 

Awake up, my glory ; awake, 
psaltery and harp : * I will awake 
early. 

I will praise Thee, O Lord, among 
the people ; * and sing unto Thee 
among the nations. 

For Thy mercy is great unto the 
heavens, * and Thy truth unto the 
clouds. 

Be Thou exalted, O God, above 
the heavens : * and let Thy glory 
be above all the earth. 

Antiphon. 2 For my soul trusteth 
in Thee. 

Third Antiphon. Judge uprightly. 

Psalm LVII. 

[This Psalm has the same title as the last, 
except the historical reference.] 

T F ye indeed speak righteousness, 
* * judge uprightly, O ye sons of 
men. 

1 SLH. 



Yea, in heart ye work wickedness : 
* your hands weigh out violence in 
the earth. 

The wicked are estranged from 
the womb, they go astray from the 
belly, * speaking lies. 

Their poison is like the poison of 
a serpent : * they are like the deaf 
adder, that stoppeth her ears ; 

That will not hearken to the 
voice of charmers, nor of the 
sorcerer charming never so wisely. 

God shall break their teeth in 
their mouth : * the LORD shall 
break off the great teeth of the 
lions. 

They shall melt away as waters 
which run down : * He bendeth 
His bow until they be shattered. 

They shall melt away like melting 
wax : * fire taketh hold upon them 
and they see not the sun. 

As thorns that are plucked up 
before ever they be grown into a 
bush : * so even in their greenness, 
shall He root them up in His 
anger. 

The righteous shall rejoice when 
he seeth the vengeance : * he shall 
wash his hands in the blood of the 
wicked. 

And man shall say : Verily, there 
is a reward for the righteous, 
verily there is a God That judgeth 
the earth. 



Psalm LVII I. 

[This Psalm has the same title as the two 
last, with the addition : " when Saul sent, 
and they watched the house, to kill him." 
The occasion is thus described in I Kings 
(Sam.)xix. n. " Saul also sent messengers 
unto David s house, to watch him, to slay 
him in the morning ; and Michal, David s 
wife, told him, saying : If thou save not thy 

2 Ps. Ivi. 2. 



112 



THE PSALTER. 



life to-night, to-morrow thou shalt be slain. 
So Michal let David down through a 
window, and he went, and fled, and 
escaped."] 

T^\ELIVER me from mine ene- 
-* ^ mies, O my God : * and 

defend me from them that rise up 
against me. 

Deliver me from the workers of 
iniquity : * and save me from bloody 
men. 

For, lo, they lie in wait for my 
life : * the mighty have fallen upon 
me. 

Not for my transgression, not for 
my sin, O LORD ; * I ran and 
ordered myself without fault. 

Awake to meet me, and behold : 

* O Thou, the LORD God of hosts, 
the God of Israel ! 

Awake to visit all the heathen : 

* be not merciful to any wicked 
transgressors. 1 

They come at evening and hunger 
like dogs ; * and go round about 
the city. 

Behold, they yelp with their 
mouth, and a sword is in their lips : 

* for who, say they, doth hear ? 
But Thou, O LORD, shalt laugh 

at them : * Thou shalt bring all 
the heathen to nought. 

O my strength, I will wait upon 
Thee, for Thou, O God, art my 
defence : * the mercy of my God 
shall receive me. 

God shall let me see all my 
desire upon mine enemies : slay 
them not ; * lest my people forget. 

Scatter them by Thy power : * 
and bring them down, O Lord our 
shield ! 

For the sin of their mouth, and 
the words of their lips : * let them 
even be taken in their pride ; 

1 SLH. 



And at the end they shall be 
spoken of for cursing and lying : 

* and in the wrath at the end they 
shall perish. 

And they shall know that God 
ruleth in Jacob, * and unto the 
ends of the earth. 1 

They shall return at evening, 
and hunger like dogs : * and go 
round about the city. 

They shall wander up and down 
for meat ; * and grudge if they be 
not satisfied. 

But I will sing of Thy power : 

* yea, I will sing aloud of Thy 
mercy in the morning. 

For Thou hast been my defence, 
and refuge in the day of my 
trouble. 

Unto Thee, O my strength, will 
I sing, for God is my defence, * 
the God of my mercy. 

Antiphon. 2 Judge uprightly, O 
ye sons of men. 

Fourth Antiphon. Give us. 

Psalm LIX. 

[This Psalm has a superscription, prob 
ably musical, but the meaning of which is 
now uncertain. It then proceeds : " Of 
David, when he strove with Mesopotamia, 
and with Western Syria, when Joab re 
turned and smote of Edom in the valley 
of Salt " (viz. the Jordan valley near the 
Dead Sea) "twelve thousand." The oc 
casion was some very successful wars which 
David carried on against several neighbour 
ing kings, and which are described in 2 
Kings (Sam.) viii. and I Par. (Chron.) 
xviii. The Psalm seems to have been 
written under some temporary reverses 
during the campaign.] 

OGOD, Thou hast cast us off, 
and scattered us : * Thou 
hast been displeased, and hast had 
mercy upon us. 

2 Ps. Ivii. 2. 



WEDNESDAY AT MATTINS. 



Thou hast made the earth to 
tremble, and hast broken it : * 
heal the breaches thereof, for it 
shaketh. 

Thou hast showed Thy people 
hard things : * Thou hast made 
us to drink the wine of astonish 
ment. 

Thou hast given a warning to 
them that fear Thee, * that they 
may fly from before the bow. 1 

That Thy beloved may be deliv 
ered : * save with Thy right hand, 
and hear me. 

God hath spoken in His holi 
ness : * I will rejoice and divide 
Shechem, and mete out the valley 
of booths. 2 

Gilead is mine, and Manasseh 
is mine : * Ephraim also is the 
strength of mine head. 3 

Judah is my King : * Moab is 
the vessel [of the triumph] of mine 
hope. 4 

Over Edom will I cast out my 
shoe : * over the " Strangers " 5 
have I triumphed. 

Who will bring me into the 
strong city ? * who will lead me 
into Edom ? 

Wilt not Thou, O God, Who 
hast cast us off? * and wilt not 
Thou go out with our armies, O 
God? 

Give us help from trouble : * 
for vain is the help of man. 

Through God we shall do vali 
antly : * for He it is That shall 
tread down our enemies. 



Psalm LX. 

[Intituled "of David." It has also a 
musical (?) superscription now of uncertain 
meaning.] 

TT EAR my cry, O God : * attend 
-*- -* unto my prayer. 

From the ends of the earth I 
cried unto Thee : * when mine 
heart was overwhelmed, Thou didst 
lift me up upon a rock. 

Thou didst lead me, for Thou 
hast been a shelter for me, * a 
strong tower from the enemy. 

I will abide in Thy tabernacle 
for ever : * I will make my 
refuge in the covert of Thy 
wings. 1 

For Thou, O God, hast heard 
my vows : * Thou hast given the 
heritage to those that fear Thy 
name. 

Thou wilt prolong the King s 
life : * and his years to many 
generations. 

He shall abide before God for 
ever : * who will seek for His 
mercy and truth? 

So will I sing praise unto Thy 
name for ever : * that I may daily 
perform my vows. 

Antiphon. 6 Give us help from 
trouble, O Lord. 

Fifth Antiphon. Doth not my 
soul. 

If this Antiphon be used the Psalm 
commences with the words " Wait upon 
God." 



1 SLH. 

2 Shechem, now Nabltis, in the valley between Mounts Ebal and Gerizim, called the 
" valley of booths" from those which Jacob erected there for his cattle. Gen. xxxiii. 17. 

3 These three form the central district of the Land of Promise. 

4 The Hebrew is " Moab is my wash-pot," that is, a receptacle for off-scourings. The 
comparison is with the Divinely appointed sovereignty of Judah, respecting whom see 
Gen. xlix. 10. 

5 That is, the Philistines. 6 Ps. lix. 13. 



114 



THE PSALTER. 



Psalm LXI. 

[This Psalm has exactly the same super 
scription as Ps. xxxviii.] 

T^\OTH not my soul wait upon 
4-^ God ? * for from Him com- 
eth my salvation. 

He only is my God and my 
salvation : * He is my defence, I 
shall not be greatly moved. 

How long will ye run together 
against a man? * Do ye slay, all 
of you [one that is] as a bowing 
wall and as a tottering fence? 

Truly they imagined to cast me 
down from mine honour, when I 
ran in my thirst : * they blessed 
with their mouth and cursed in 
their heart. 1 

But wait thou on God, O my 
soul : * for mine expectation is 
from Him. 

For He only is my God and my 
salvation : * He is mine helper, I 
shall not be moved. 

In God is my salvation and my 
glory : * He is the God of my 
strength, and my refuge is in God. 

Trust in Him, ye congregation 
of the people, pour out your heart 
before him : * God is our help for 
ever. 1 

Surely the sons of men are vanity, 
the sons of men are a lie in the 
balance : * they are a deceit, alto 
gether lighter than vanity. 

Trust not in iniquity, and desire 
not robbery : * if riches increase, 
set not your heart upon them. 

God hath spoken once, these two 
things have I heard ; that power be- 
longeth unto God : also unto Thee, O 
Lord, belongeth mercy : * for Thou 
shalt render to every man according 
to his works. 



Psalm LXIII. 

[Intituled "A Psalm of David " with a 
farther superscription of meaning now 
uncertain.] 

TT EAR my voice, O God, in my 
4- * prayer : * preserve my life 
from fear of the enemy. 

Thou hast hidden me from the 
secret counsel of the wicked, * from 
the insurrection of the workers of 
iniquity. 

For they whet their tongue like 
a sword : they bend their 

bow, even bitter words, that they 
may shoot in secret at the per 
fect. 

Suddenly do they shoot at him 
and fear not : they encourage 
themselves in evil purpose. 

They commune of laying snares 
privily : * they say : Who shall see 
them ? 

They search out iniquities : 
they accomplish a diligent search. 

Man shall attain to thoughts that 
are very deep : but God shall 
[still] be exalted. 

The arrows of babes have pierced 
them : * and their tongues are 
weakened against them. 

All that saw them were moved : 

* and all men feared, 

And declared the work of 
God, and understood His 

doings. 

The righteous shall be glad in 
the LORD, and shall trust in Him : 

* and all the upright in heart shall 
glory. 

Antiphon. 2 Doth not my soul 
wait upon God ? 

Sixth Antiphon. O bless our 
God. 



SLH. 



2 Ps. Ixi. 2. 



WEDNESDAY AT MATTINS. 



Psalm LXV. 

[Except the words " Psalm or Song" the 
title of this Psalm is not now certainly 
understood. The Vulgate and the LXX. 
add "for the uprising."] 

IV /[" AKE a joyful noise unto God, 
4^-*- all ye lands, sing forth the 
honour of His name : * make His 
praise glorious. 

Say unto God : How terrible art 
Thou in Thy works, O Lord ! * 
through the greatness of Thy power 
shall Thine enemies feign to submit 
themselves unto Thee. 

Let all the earth worship Thee, 
and sing unto Thee : * let them 
sing praises to Thy Name. 1 

Come and see the works of God ; 

* He is terrible in His counsels 
toward the children of men. 

He turned the sea into dry land, 
they went through the flood on foot : 

* there did we rejoice in Him. 

He ruleth by His power for ever, 
His eyes behold the nations : * let 
not the rebellious exalt themselves. 1 

bless our God, ye people : * 
and make the voice of His praise to 
be heard. 

Who holdeth my soul in life : 

* and suffereth not my feet to be 
moved. 

For Thou, O God, hast proved 
us : * Thou hast tried us with fire, 
as silver is tried. 

Thou broughtest us into the net, 
Thou laidst affliction upon our 
back : * Thou hast caused men to 
ride over our heads. 

We went through fire and through 
water : * and Thou broughtest us 
out into a place of refreshment. 

1 will go into Thine house with 



burnt-offerings : * I will pay Thee 
my vows, which my lips have uttered, 

And my mouth hath spoken, * 
when I was in trouble. 

I will offer unto Thee burnt- 
sacrifices of fatlings, with the in 
cense of rams : * I will offer unto 
Thee bullocks with goats. 1 

Come, hear, all ye that fear God, 
and I will declare * what He hath 
done for my soul. 

I cried unto Him with my mouth, 

* and extolled Him with my tongue. 
If I regard iniquity in mine heart, 

* the Lord will not hear me. 
Therefore God hath heard me, 

* and attended to the voice of my 
prayer. 

Blessed be God, * Who hath not 
turned away my prayer, nor His 
mercy from me. 

Psalm LXVII. 

[The meaning of the title of this Psalm, 
except the ascription of authorship " To 
David," is now uncertain.] 

LET God arise, and let His 
enemies be scattered : * let 
them also that hate Him flee before 
Him. 

As smoke is driven away, so let 
them be driven away : * as wax 
melteth before the fire, so let the 
wicked perish at the presence of 
God. 

But let the righteous be glad, and 
rejoice before God : * yea, let them 
exceedingly rejoice. 

Sing unto God, sing praises to 
His name : * spread a path before 
Him That rideth upon the heavens : 
The LORD 2 is His name. 



1 SLH. 

- "The LORD" is here, as elsewhere, substituted out of profound reverence for the real 
name of God, the Unspeakable Word, called the " Tetragrammaton," from its four letters. 



THE PSALTER. 



Rejoice before Him : * fear shall 
go before the face of Him That is 
the Father of the fatherless, and the 
Judge of the widows : 

Even God in His holy habitation : 

* God, That maketh men to be of 
one mind in an house. 

He bringeth out those which are 
bound with chains, * but they that 
provoke Him dwell among the 
graves. 

O God, when Thou wentest 
forth before Thy people, * when 
Thou didst march through the 
wilderness l 

The earth shook ; the heavens 
also dropped at the presence of the 
God of Sinai, * at the presence of 
the God of Israel. 

Thou, O God, didst send a plen 
tiful rain 2 upon Thine inheritance : 

* Thou didst refresh Thine inheri 
tance when it was weary. 

Thy flock dwelt therein : * Thou, 
O God, didst provide in Thy good 
ness for the poor. 

The Lord gave the word * to 
the great company that published 
it. 

3 The king of the hosts is [fallen 
into the hands] of the Well-beloved : 

* and the fair ones that tarried at 
home have divided the spoils. 

Though ye have lien among the 
sheep-folds, 4 yet shall ye be as the 
wings of a dove, covered with silver, 



* and her tail-feathers with yellow 
gold. 

When the [God] of heaven had 
scattered kings in it, then white as 
with snow was Salmon, 5 * that hill 
of God, that fruitful hill. 

An hill of many peaks, a fruitful 
hill : * why look ye enviously upon 
the high hills ? 

This 6 is the hill which God de- 
sireth to dwell in : * yea, the LORD 
will dwell in it unto the end. 

The chariots of God are many 
times ten thousand, even thousands 
of the blessed : * the Lord is among 
them ; [as] in Sinai, [so] in the 
Holy place. 

Thou hast ascended on high, 
Thou hast led captivity captive : * 
Thou hast received gifts among 
men, 

Even them that believe not * 
that the LORD God dwelleth among 
them. 

Blessed be the Lord daily : * the 
God of our salvation maketh our 
way prosperous. 7 

He That is our God is the God 
of salvation : * and unto the LORD, 
even the Lord, belong the issues 
from death. 

But God shall wound the head 
of His enemies : * the hairy scalp 
of such an one as goeth on still 
in his trespasses. 

The Lord said : I will bring 



1 SLH. 2 Perhaps the manna is meant. 

3 It need not be remarked that the sense of this verse is very obscure. In the view of 
the Greek translators there seems to be a play upon the name of David, which signifies 
" Beloved." 4 Perhaps an allusion to an army camping out in the fields. 

5 A mountain in Samaria, near Shechem, where David won great victories over some 
neighbouring kings. See Ps. lix., p. 63. Gesenius thinks that "white as with snow" is 
to be understood "white with the bleached bones of the slain." But a modern writer, 
describing a battle in the Soudan, and the defeat and flight of the Dervishes, says, " they 
broke, and fled, leaving the field white with jibbah-clad corpses, like a meadow dotted 
with snowdrifts." 

6 Namely, perhaps, the group of hills on which Jerusalem stands, as opposed to the 
higher and more picturesque mountains at Shechem. 7 SLH. 



WEDNESDAY AT MATTINS. 



u; 



them again from Bashan 1 : * I will 
bring them back from the depths 
of the sea. 

That thy foot may be dipped in 
the blood of thine enemies, * the 
tongue of thy dogs in the same. 

They have seen Thy goings, O 
God, * even the goings of my God, 
my King, Which dwelleth in the 
sanctuary. 

The singers went before, the 
players on instruments followed 
after, * among the damsels playing 
with timbrels. 

Bless ye God in the congrega 
tions, even the Lord, * ye that are 
of the fountains of Israel ! 

There is little Benjamin, * in the 
joy of his heart, 

The princes of Judah, their 
leaders, * the princes of Zabulon, 
the princes of Nephthali. 

Command it, O God, in Thy 
strength : * strengthen, O God, that 
which Thou hast wrought for us. 

Because of thy temple at Jeru 
salem, * shall kings bring presents 
unto Thee. 

Rebuke the beasts of the reeds, 2 
the multitude of the bulls with the 
cows of the people, * [who watch] 
that they may cut off them that are 
tried like silver. 3 

Scatter Thou the people that de 
light in war : ambassadors shall come 
out of Egypt : * Ethiopia shall soon 
stretch out her hands unto God. 

Sing unto God, ye kingdoms of 
the earth : * O sing praises unto 
the Lord. 4 



O sing praises unto God, even 
unto Him that rideth upon the 
heaven of heavens * from the day- 
spring. 

Lo, He shall send out His voice, 
and that a mighty voice. Ascribe 
ye strength unto God ; * over Israel 
is His excellency, and His strength 
is in the clouds. 

God is wonderful in His holy 
places : the God of Israel is He 
That shall give strength and power 
unto his people : * blessed be God. 

Antiphon? O bless our God, ye 
people. 

Antiphon for Paschal time. Al 
leluia, Alleluia, Alleluia. 

Then is said a Verse and Answer. 
In Advent. 

Verse. The LORD cometh out of 
His holy place. 

Answer. He will come and save 
His people. 

During the rest of the year. 

Verse. 6 O God, I have declared 
my life unto Thee. 

Answer. Thou hast put my tears 
in Thy sight. 

In Lent. 

Verse. His truth shall be thy 
shield. 

Answer. Thou shalt not be 
afraid for the terror by night. 

In Passion time. 

Verse. Take not away my soul 
with sinners, O God. 



1 The campaign of David related in 2. Kings (Sam.) viii. and I Par. (Chron.) xviii. 
extended to this neighbourhood. 

2 Perhaps meaning wild buffaloes. As to the comparison of the enemy to wild cattle, 
compare Ps. xxi. 13, " Many bulls have compassed me, strong bulls have beset me round." 

3 If the words are to be taken thus, the reference is perhaps to David s veterans, but the 
meaning seems more likely to be " those that submissively offer in tribute pieces of silver." 

4 SLH, 5 Ps. Ixv. 8. 6 Ps. lv. 9. 



THE PSALTER. 



Answer. Nor my life with bloody 
men. 

In Paschal time. 

Verse. The disciples were glad, 
Alleluia. 

Answer. When they saw the Lord, 
Alleluia. 

The rest is the same as the Third 
Nocturn of the preceding Sunday, ex 
cept necessary differences. The Lessons 
are those of the day. The Responsories 
are arranged according to the rules in 
Chapter xxvii. 4, 5, of the Ge?ieral 
Rubrics. 

Simple Feasts. It is to be remem 
bered that when a Simple Feast is kept 
on Wednesday, the Invitatory and Hymn 
are of the Feast, being taken from the 
Common of Saints of the class, unless 
specially given. Then the Psalms and 
Antiphons of the week-day, as given 
above. Then is said a Verse and An 
swer as follows : 

For one or majiy Martyrs in Paschal 
time. 



upon 



Verse. 1 Everlasting joy 
their heads, Alleluia. 

Answer. They shall obtain joy 
and gladness, Alleluia. 

For one Martyr, (out of Paschal time.} 

Verse. 2 His glory is great in 
Thy salvation. 

Answer. Honour and great ma 
jesty shalt Thou lay upon him. 

For many Martyrs, (out of Paschal 
time.} 

Verse. 3 The righteous shall live 
for evermore. 

Answer. Their reward also is 
with the Lord. 

For a Bishop and Confessor. 

Verse. 4 Thou art a Priest for 
ever. 

[In Paschal time, add Alleluia.] 
1 Isa. xxxv. 10. 2 Ps. xx. 6. 3 Wisd. 



Answer. After the order of Mel- 
chisedeck. 

[/;/ Paschal time, add Alleluia.] 
For a Confessor not a Bishop. 

Verse. 5 The law of his God is 
in his heart. 

[In Paschal time, add Alleluia.] 

Answer. And his steps shall not 
slide. 

[In Paschal time, add Alleluia.] 
For one Holy Woman of any kind. 

Verse. God hath chosen her, and 
fore-chosen her. 

[In Paschal time, add Alleluia.] 
Answer. He hath made her to 
dwell in His tabernacle. 

[In Paschal time, add Alleluia.] 

The others, as well as what follows, 
to the end of the Service, are taken from 
the Third Nocturn of the Office Common 
to Saints of the class, unless something 
special be appointed, except necessary 
differences. The Lessons are arranged 
according to the rules in Chapter xxvi. 
4, of the general Rubrics. The Hymn 
" We praise Thee, O God," is said at 
the end, instead of a Third Responsory. 
The Responsories are arranged accord 
ing to the Rules in Chapter xxvii. 4, 5, of 
the General Rubrics. Thus : 

The Lord s Prayer is said : 

OUR Father (inaudibly\ Who art 
in heaven, Hallowed be Thy 
Name. Thy Kingdom come. Thy 
will be done on earth, as it is in 
heaven. Give us this day our daily 
bread. And forgive us our tres 
passes, as we forgive them that tres 
pass against us. (Aloud.) 

Verse. And lead us not into 
temptation. 

Answer. But deliver us from 
evil. 

v. 16. 4 Ps. cix. 4. 5 Ps. xxxvi. 31. 



WEDNESDAY AT MATTINS. 



119 



Then this Absolution : 

MAY the Almighty and merciful 
Lord loose us from the bonds 
of our sins. 

Answer. Amen. 

Then the Reader says : 
Sir, be pleased to give the bless 
ing. 

First Blessing, if the Lesson be from 
Scripture. 

May His blessing be upon us, 
Who doth live and reign for ever. 
Ansiver. Amen. 

First Blessing, if the Lesson be of an 
Homily. 

May the Gospel s saving Lord 
Bless the reading of His Word. 
Answer. Amen. 

First Blessing on a Simple Feast. 
May His blessing be upon us 
Who doth live and reign for ever. 
Answer. Amen. 

Then is read the First Lesson from 
Scripture or from the Homily, or on a 
Simple Feast either the First from 
Scripture, or, if the Saint or Saints 
hcwe two Lessons, the whole three from 
Scripture read together as one. 

Then the First Responsory, unless 
otherwise directed. On a week-day kept 
as such, this is the First Responsory of 
the preceding Sunday. On a Simple 
Feast, the First Responsory in the Com 
mon Office for the class to which the 
Saint belongs. 

Then the Reader says : 
Sir, be pleased to give the bless 
ing. 

Second Blessing, if the Lesson be of 
Scripture or from an Homily. 

God s most mighty strength alway 
Be His people s staff and stay. 
Answer. Amen. 



Second Blessing, for a Simple Feast. 

He (or She or They) whose feast-day 

we are keeping 
Plead for us before the Lord. 
Answer. Amen. 

Then is read the Second Lesson, either 
from Scripture or from an Homily, or 
on a Simple Feast either the Seco?id 
and Third Lessons from Scripture 
read together as one, or if the Saint 
or Saints have two Lessons, the first 
of these. 

Then the Second Responsory, unless 
otherwise directed. On a week-day kept 
as stick, this is the Second Responsory 
of the preceding Sunday, but in Paschal 
time there is added to it : 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

And the Answer of the Responsory is 
repeated again. 

On a Simple Feast the Second Re 
sponsory in the Common Office for the 
class to wJiicJi the Saint belongs, with 
the addition of "Glory be to the 
Father," &C., and the repetition of 
the Answer. 

Then the Reader says : 

Sir, be pleased to give the bless 
ing. 

Third Blessing. 

May He That is the Angels King 
To that high realm His people bring. 
Answer. Amen. 

Then is read the Third Lesson either 
from Scripture, or of the Homily, or 011 
Simple Feasts the Seconder only Lesson 
of the Saint. 

Then, on Simple Feasts and on any 
day in Paschal time is said the Hymn, 
"We praise Thee, O God." But on 
week-days kept as such out of Paschal 
time the Third Responsory of the pre 
ceding Sunday. 



I2O 



at 



THE FOURTH DAY OF THE WEEK. 



All as on Sundays, except as other 
wise given here. 

The Psalms are as follows : 
Antiphon. Wash me. 

Psalm L. 
Have mercy upon me, &c., (/. 

8 7 ). 

Antiphon. Wash me throughly 
from mine iniquity, O Lord. 

Second Antiphon. Praise be- 
cometh Thee. 

If this Antiphon be used the Psalm 
begins with the words, "O God, in 
Zion." 

Psalm LXIV. 

[Intituled "A Psalm. A Song of 
David," with a musical (?) superscription. 
The Vulgate adds that its use was pre 
scribed by Jeremiah and Ezekiel to the 
exiles when they began to return from 
the Captivity.] 



becometh Thee, O God, 
in Zion : * and unto Thee 
shall the vow be performed in Jeru 
salem. 

Hear my prayer : * unto Thee 
shall all flesh come. 

Iniquities prevail against us : * 
but as for our transgressions, Thou 
shalt purge them away. 



Blessed is the man whom Thou 
choosest, and causest to come near 
unto Thee : * he shall dwell in 
Thy courts : 

We shall be satisfied with the 
goodness of Thine house : * Thy 
temple is holy, terrible in right 
eousness. 

Answer us, O God of our salva 
tion : * Thou that art the confidence 
of all the ends of the earth, and 
of the uttermost parts of the sea ! 

Thou that by Thy strength settest 
fast the mountains, being girded 
with power : * Thou that stirrest 
up the depth of the sea, and the 
noise of his waves ! 

The heathen shall be troubled. 
They that dwell in the uttermost 
parts shall be afraid at Thy tokens : 
* Thou makest the outgoings of the 
morning and evening to rejoice. 

Thou visitest the earth and water- 
est it : * Thou greatly enrichest it : 

The river of God is full of water : 
Thou makest ready their corn, * for 
Thou hast so prepared it. 

Drench her furrows, increase the 
fruits thereof : * the springing there 
of shall rejoice at her showers. 

Thou crownest the year with Thy 
goodness : * and Thy fields teem 
with fruitfulness. 

The green places of the wilder- 



WEDNESDAY AT LAUDS. 



121 



ness wax fruitful : * and the little 
hills are girded with joy. 

The pastures are clothed with 
flocks ; the valleys also overflow 
with corn : * they shout for joy, 
yea, they sing. 

Antiphon. Praise becometh Thee, 
O God, in Zion. 

Third Antiphon. O my God. 

Psalms LXIL, LXVI. 

O God, Thou art my God, &c., 

(P. 23). 

Antiphon. O my God, my lips 
shall praise Thee while I live. 

Fourth Antiphon. The LORD 
shall judge. 

THE SONG OF HANNAH, (i Kings 
(Sam.) ii.) 

[Composed by her when she brought her 
son Samuel and presented him to the LORD. 
See i Kings (Sam.) i. ii., (Monday and 
Tuesday after Trinity Sunday.)] 

A/TINE heart rejoiceth in the 
*-* *- LORD, * and mine horn is 
exalted in my GOD : l 

My mouth is enlarged over mine 
enemies : * because I rejoice in Thy 
salvation. 

There is none holy as the LORD ; 
for there is none beside Thee : * 
neither is there any mighty like our 
God. 

Talk no more * so exceeding 
proudly. 

Let your old arrogancy depart out 
of your mouth : for the LORD is a 
God of knowledge, * and by Him 
thoughts are judged. 

The bows of the mighty men are 
broken, * and they that stumbled 
are girded with strength. 



They that were full have hired 
out themselves for bread : * and 
they that were hungry are filled. 

So that the barren hath borne 
fruitfully : * and she that had many 
children is waxed feeble. 

The LORD killeth, and maketh 
alive : * He bringeth down to the 
grave, and bringeth up. 

The LORD maketh poor, and 
maketh rich : * He bringeth low, 
and lifteth up. 

He raiseth up the poor out of the 
dust, * and lifteth up the beggar 
from the dunghill, 

To set them among princes, * and 
to make them inherit the throne of 
glory : 

For the pillars of the earth are 
the LORD S, * and He hath set the 
world upon them. 

He will keep the feet of His 
saints, and the wicked shall be silent 
in darkness : * for by his strength 
shall no man prevail. 

The adversaries of the LORD shall 
be made to fear Him : * out of 
heaven also shall He thunder upon 
them. 

The LORD shall judge the ends 
of the earth : and He shall give 
strength unto His King, * and exalt 
the horn of His Anointed. 

Antiphon. The LORD shall judge 
the ends of the earth. 

Fifth Antiphon. Praise God. 

Psalms CXLVIII., CXLIX., CL. 

Praise ye the LORD from the 
heavens, &c., (pp. 25, 26). 

Antiphon. Praise God, ye heavens 
of heavens. 



The Divine Name. 



122 



THE PSALTER. 



CHAPTER. (Rom. xiii. 12.) 

The night is far spent, &c., (as on 
Monday, p. 89). 



HYMN. 1 

HAUNTING gloom and flitting 
shades, 

Ghastly shapes, away ! 
Christ is rising, and pervades 
Highest Heaven with day. 

He with His bright spear the night 

Dazzles and pursues ; 
Earth wakes up, and glows with light 

Of a thousand hues. 

Thee, O Christ, and Thee alone, 

With a single mind, 
We with chant and plaint would own ; 

To thy flock be kind. 



Much it needs Thy light divine, 

Spot and stain to clean ; 
Light of Angels, on us shine 

With Thy face serene. 

To the Father, and the Son, 

And the Holy Ghost, 
Here be glory, as is done 

By the angelic host. Amen. 

Verse. Thou hast satisfied us 
early with Thy mercy. 

Answer. We rejoice and are glad. 

Antiphonfor the Songof Zacharias. 
O Lord, save us * from the hand of 
all that hate us. 

Commemoration of the Cross before the 
other Commemorations , and Long Preces 
in Advent and Lent, on the Ember 
Wednesdays (except that of Pentecost] 
and on Fast-days, as on Monday. 



1 Hymn founded on hymn in the Cathemerinon of Prudentius ; translation by the late 
Card. Newman. 



I2 3 



at Jftattins. 

THE FIFTH DAY OF THE WEEK. 



All as on Sunday, except as other 
wise given here. 

Invitatory. It is the Lord That 
hath made us : * O come, let us 
worship Him. 

HYMN. 1 

A LL tender lights, all hues divine, 
4^ The night has swept away ; 
Shine on us, Lord, and we shall shine 
Bright in an inward day. 

The spots of guilt, sin s wages base, 
Searcher of hearts, we own ; 

Wash us and robe us in Thy grace, 
Who didst for sins atone. 

The sluggard soul, that bears their 
mark, 

Shrinks in its silent lair, 
Or gropes amid its chambers dark 

For Thee, Who art not there. 

Redeemer ! send Thy piercing rays, 

That we may bear to be 
Set in the light of Thy pure gaze, 

And yet rejoice in Thee. 

Grant this, O Father, Only Son, 

And Spirit, God of grace, 
To whom all worship shall be done 

In every time and place. 

Amen. 

Only one No c turn is said. 
Antiphon. Make haste. 

In Paschal time only one Antiphon 
is said to the whole Nocturn. Alleluia. 



PsalmLXVIII. 

[Intituled "Of David," with a (now un 
certain) musical (?) direction.] 

SAVE me, O God; * for the 
waters are come in unto my 
soul. 

I sink in deep mire, * where 
there is no standing. 

I am come into the depth of the 
sea, * and the flood overfloweth me. 

I am weary of my crying, my 
throat is dried : * mine eyes fail, 
while I wait for my God. 

They that hate me without a 
cause, * are more than the hairs of 
mine head. 

They that would destroy me, 
being mine enemies wrongfully, are 
mighty : * then I restored that 
which I took not away. 

O God, Thou knowest my fool 
ishness : * and my faults are not 
hid from Thee. 

Let not them that wait on Thee, 
O Lord, be ashamed for my sake, * 
Thou LORD of hosts. 

Let not those that seek Thee * 
be confounded for my sake, O God 
of Israel. 

Because for Thy sake I have 
borne reproach : * shame hath 
covered my face. 



1 Ambrosian hymn ; translation by the late Card. Newman. 



I2 4 



THE PSALTER. 



I am become a stranger unto my 
brethren, * and an alien unto my 
mother s children. 

For the zeal of Thine house hath 
eaten me up : * and the reproaches 
of them that reproached Thee are 
fallen upon me. 

And I chastened my soul with 
fasting : * and that was to my re 
proach. 

I made sackcloth also my gar 
ment, * and I became a proverb to 
them. 

They that sat in the gate spake 
against me, * and I was the song of 
the drunkards. 

But as for me, my prayer is unto 
Thee, O LORD : * in an acceptable 
time, O God ! 

In the multitude of Thy mercy 
hear me, * in the truth of Thy 
salvation ! 

Deliver me out of the mire, that 
I sink not : * deliver me from them 
that hate me, and out of the deep 
waters. 

Let not the waterflood overflow 
me, neither let the deep swallow me 
up, * and let not the pit shut her 
mouth upon me. 

Hear me, O LORD, for Thy 
loving - kindness is good : * turn 
unto me according to the multitude 
of Thy tender mercies. 

And hide not Thy face from Thy 
servant, * for I am in trouble ; hear 
me speedily. 

Draw nigh unto my soul, and re 
deem it : * deliver me because of 
mine enemies. 

Thou knowest my reproach, and 
my shame, * and my dishonour. 

Mine adversaries are all before 
Thee : * mine heart hath looked for 
reproach and bitterness. 

And I looked for some to take 



pity on me, and there was none : * 
and for comforters, and I found 
none. 

They gave me also gall for meat : 

* and in my thirst they gave me 
vinegar to drink. 

Let their table be made a snare 
before them, * and a recompense, 
and a stumbling-block. 

Let their eyes be darkened, that 
they see not : * and ever bow Thou 
down their back. 

Pour out Thine indignation upon 
them, * and let Thy wrathful anger 
take hold of them. 

Let their habitation be desolate : 

* and let none dwell in their tents. 
For they persecute him whom 

Thou hast smitten : * and they 
embitter the pain of my wounds. 
Add iniquity unto their iniquity : 

* and let them not come into Thy 
righteousness. 

Let them be blotted out of the 
book of the living : * and not be 
written with the righteous. 

But I am poor and sorrowful : * 
Thy salvation, O God, hath set me 
up on high. 

I will praise the name of God 
with a psalm, * and will magnify 
Him with thanksgiving. 

And it shall please GOD better 
than a young bullock, * that hath 
horns and hoofs. 

Let the humble see this and be 
glad, * seek God, and your soul 
shall live. 

For the LORD heareth the poor : 

* and despiseth not His prisoners. 
Let the heaven and earth praise 

Him, i the sea, and everything 
that moveth therein. 

For God will save Zion, * and 
the cities of Judah shall be built 
up. 



THURSDAY AT MATTINS. 



125 



And they shall dwell there, * 
and have it in possession. 

The seed also of His servants 
shall inherit it, * and they that 
love His name shall dwell therein. 

Psalm LXIX. 

[Intituled "Of David, to bring to re 
membrance " with another (now uncertain) 
musical (?) superscription. The Vulgate 
and the LXX. add to remembrance "how 
the Lord had saved him " ; the Targum 
associates the Psalm with the offering of 
the incense. This Psalm is a repetition 
of the last four verses of Ps. xxxix.] 

MAKE haste, O God, to de 
liver me : * make haste to 
help me, O LORD. 

Let them be ashamed and con 
founded, * that seek after my 
soul. 

Let them be turned backward 
and put to confusion, ** that de 
sire mine hurt. 

Let them be turned back with 
shame, * that say unto me, Aha, 
Aha. 

Let all those that seek Thee be 
joyful and glad in Thee, * and let 
such as love Thy salvation say con 
tinually : Let the Lord be magnified. 

But I am poor and needy : * 
help me, O God. 

Thou art mine help and my 
deliverer : * O LORD, make no 
tarrying. 

Antiphon. 1 Make haste, O Lord 
God, to deliver me. 

Second Antiphon. Be Thou my 
God. 

Psalm LXX. 

[The Vulgate and the LXX. give the 
heading, "A Psalm of David ; of the Sons 
of Jonadab, and the first Captives." The 



sons of Jonadab are the descendants of 
Jonadab, the son of Rechab, of whose 
faithfulness to observe a nomadic life, 
and to abstain from wine, it is written 
in Jer. xxxv. 19: "Therefore thus saith 
the LORD of Hosts, the God of Israel : 
Jonadab, the son of Rechab, shall not 
want a man to stand before me for 
ever." They had taken refuge at Jeru 
salem to escape the incursions of Nebu 
chadnezzar, and the meaning seems to 
be that when they and others were carried 
away as captives, they made special use 
of this Psalm.] 

IN Thee, O LORD, have I put 
my trust, let me never be put 
to confusion : * deliver me in Thy 
righteousness, and cause me to es 
cape. 

Incline Thine ear unto me, 
and save me. 

Be Thou my God, my Pro 
tector, and my strong habitation, 

* to save me. 

For Thou art my rock, * and 
my fortress. 

Deliver me, O my God, out of 
the hand of the wicked, * and out 
of the hand of the unrighteous and 
cruel man. 

For Thou art mine hope, O Lord : 

* O LORD, Thou art my trust from 
my youth. 

By Thee have I been holden up 
from the womb : * Thou art my 
defence from my mother s bowels. 

My praise shall be continually 
of Thee : * I am a wonder unto 
many : but Thou art my strong 
refuge. 

Let my mouth be filled with 
Thy praise, that I may sing of 
Thy glory, * all the day long of 
Thy greatness. 

Cast me not off in the time of 
old age : * forsake me not when 
my strength faileth. 



1 Ps. Ixix. i. 



126 



THE PSALTER. 



For mine enemies speak against 
me, * and they that lay wait for 
my soul take counsel together, 

Saying : God hath forsaken him : 
persecute and take him, * for there 
is none to deliver him. 

O God, be not far from me : * 
O my God, make haste for mine 
help. 

Let them be confounded and 
consumed that are adversaries to 
my soul : * let them be covered 
with reproach and dishonour, that 
seek mine hurt. 

But I will hope continually, * 
and will yet praise Thee more and 
more. 

My mouth shall show forth Thy 
righteousness, * Thy salvation all 
the day. 

And because I know not the tale 
thereof, I will go in the strength of 
the Lord : * O LORD, I will make 
mention of Thy righteousness, even 
of Thine only. 

God, Thou hast taught me 
from my youth : * and hitherto 
have I declared Thy wondrous 
works. 

Now also when I am old and 
grey-headed, * O God, forsake me 
not, 

Until I have showed Thy strength 
* unto all generations, that are to 
come. 

Thy power and Thy righteous 
ness, O God, are in the highest, 
Who hast done great things : * O 
God, who is like unto Thee? 

Thou Who hast showed me great 
and sore troubles, shalt quicken me 
again : * and bring me up again 
from the depths of the earth. 

Thou hast increased Thy great 
ness : * and again comforted me. 

1 will also praise Thee on the 



psaltery, even Thy truth : * O 
God, unto Thee will I sing with 
the harp, O Thou Holy One of 
Israel ! 

My lips shall be fain when I sing 
unto Thee, * and my soul which 
Thou hast redeemed. 

My tongue also shall talk of Thy 
righteousness all the day long : * for 
they are confounded and brought 
unto shame that seek mine hurt. 

PSALM LXXI. 

[Intituled " Of Solomon," that is, written 
concerning him.] 



the king Thy judgment, O 
God, * and Thy righteousness 
unto the king s son. 

To judge Thy people with right 
eousness, * and Thy poor with 
judgment. 

The mountains shall receive peace 
with the people, * and the little hills 
righteousness. 

He shall judge the poor of the 
people, and save the children of the 
needy, * and shall break in pieces 
the false accuser. 

And he shall endure with the sun, 
and before the moon, * throughout 
all generations. 

He shall come down like rain 
upon a fleece, * and as showers that 
water the earth. 

In his days shall righteousness 
flourish, and abundance of peace, 
* so long as the moon endureth. 

He shall have dominion also from 
sea to sea : * and from the river 
unto the ends of the earth. 

The Ethiopians shall fall before 
him : * and his enemies shall lick 
the dust. 

The kings of Tarshish, and of the 
isles shall bring presents : * the 



THURSDAY AT MATTINS. 



127 



kings of Arabia and Saba l shall 
offer gifts. 

Yea, all the kings of the earth 
shall fall down before him : all 
nations shall serve him. 

For he shall deliver the needy 
from the strong, * the poor also that 
hath no helper. 

He shall spare the poor and 
needy, * and shall save the souls of 
the needy. 

He shall redeem their soul from 
fraud and violence : * and precious 
shall their name be in his sight. 

And he shall live, and to him 
shall be given of the gold of Arabia ; 
prayer also shall be made for him 
continually ; * all the day long shall 
he be blessed. 

And there shall be a staff of 
bread in the land, upon the top of 
the mountains ; -the fruit thereof 
shall be higher than Lebanon : * 
and they of the city shall flourish 
like grass of the earth. 

Blessed be his name for ever : * 
his name endureth as long as the sun. 

And in him shall all the kindreds 
of the earth be blessed : * all nations 
shall call him blessed. 

Blessed be the LORD God of Is 
rael, * Who only doth wondrous 
things. 

And blessed be His glorious 
Name for ever : * and let the whole 
earth be filled with his glory : Amen, 
Amen. 2 

Antiphon. 3 Be Thou my God, 
my protector. 

Third Antiphon. Thou hast re 
deemed the rod. 



Psalm LXXII. 
[Intituled "A Psalm of Asaph."] 

HTRULY God is good to Israel, * 
-^ to such as are upright in 
heart. 

But as for me, my feet were al 
most gone : * my steps had well 
nigh slipped. 

For I was envious at the un 
righteous, * when I saw the pros 
perity of the wicked. 

For they have no thought of 
death : * and they are uncon 
cerned in trial. 

They are not in trouble as other 
men, * neither are they plagued like 
other men. 

Therefore pride compasseth them 
about, * violence and ungodliness 
cover them as a garment. 

Their iniquity ariseth as it were 
from fatness : they have more 
than heart could wish. 

They think and speak wickedness : 
* they speak loftily concerning op 
pression. 

They set their mouth against the 
heavens, * and their tongue walketh 
through the earth. 

Therefore my people turn aside 
after them : * and the men of their 
day run after them. 

And they say : How doth God 
know, * and is there knowledge in 
the Most High ? 

Behold, these are the ungodly, 
who prosper in the world, * they 
increase in riches. 

And I said : Then I have cleansed 
mine heart in vain, * and washed 
mine hands in innocency. 



1 This seems to be Meroe, a province of Ethiopia. 

2 After this, there is the following notification, "The prayers of David, the son of 
Jesse, are ended, " and this is the end of the second of the five books into which the 
Psalter is divided. 3 Ps. Ixx. 3. 



128 



THE PSALTER. 



For all the day long have I been 
plagued, * and chastened every 
morning. 

If I say : I will speak thus : * 
behold, I should disown the gener 
ation of Thy children. 

And I thought to know this, * 
it was too hard for me ; 

Until I went into the Sanctuary 
of God, * and understood their 
hereafter. 

Surely Thou dost set them in 
slippery places : * Thou castest 
them down even in their pros 
perity. 

How are they brought into deso 
lation ? In a moment are they 
perished, * they are utterly con 
sumed because of their wickedness. 

As a dream when one awaketh, 

Lord, * Thou shalt bring their 
image to nought in Thy city. 

For mine heart was on fire, and 

1 was pricked in my reins ; * and I 
was brought to nothing and knew 
not : 

I became as a beast before Thee : 

* nevertheless I am continually with 
Thee: 

Thou hast holden me by my 
right hand, and guided me accord 
ing to Thy will, * and received me 
to glory. 

For what have I in heaven, * and 
what is there upon earth that I 
desire beside Thee ? 

My flesh and mine heart faileth : 

* Thou art the God of mine heart, 
and God is my portion for ever. 

For, lo, they that go far from 
Thee shall perish : * Thou hast 
destroyed all them that go a whor 
ing from Thee. 

But it is good for me to draw 
near to God : * to put my trust in 
the Lord GOD, 



That I may declare all Thy 
praises, * in the gates of the 
daughter of Zion. 



Psalm LXXIII. 

[Intituled "A didactic (?) Psaim of 

Asaph."] 

GOD, why hast Thou cast us 
off for ever : * why doth 
Thine anger smoke against the 
sheep of Thy pasture? 

Remember Thy congregation, * 
which Thou hast purchased of 
old. 

Thou hast redeemed the rod of 
Thine inheritance : * Mount Zion 
wherein Thou hast dwelt. 

Lift up Thine hands against their 
perpetual pride : * even all that 
the enemy hath done wickedly in 
the sanctuary ! 

They also that hate Thee roar, * 
in the midst of Thy solemn con 
gregation. 

They set up their ensigns for 
trophies * on the pinnacles [of Thy 
temple] as though it had been the 
gate [of their own city] ; and con 
sidered not ! 

As the fellers in a wood of thick 
trees, so did they hew down the 
gates thereof: * they have broken 
it down with axes and hammers. 

They have set on fire Thy Sanc 
tuary : * they have defiled the 
dwelling-place of Thy name by 
casting it down to the ground. 

The sort of them said in their 
hearts with one consent : * Let us 
put away the feast-days of God out 
of the land. 

We see not our signs, there is no 
more any prophet : * and none 
knoweth us any more. 

O God, how long shall the ad- 



THURSDAY AT MATTINS. 



I2 9 



versary reproach ? * Shall the enemy 
blaspheme Thy name for ever ? 

Why withdrawest Thou Thine 
hand, even Thy right hand, * from 
Thy bosom for ever ? 

But God is our King of old, * 
working salvation in the midst of 
the earth. 

Thou by Thy strength didst 
make the sea to stand on an heap : 
* Thou brakest the heads of the 
dragons in the waters. 

Thou brakest the heads of le 
viathan in pieces : * Thou gavest 
him to be meat to the people 1 of 
Ethiopia. 

Thou didst cleave the fountains 
and the floods : * Thou driedst up 
the rivers of Ethan. 2 

The day is Thine, the night also 
is Thine : * Thou hast created the 
light and the sun. 

Thou hast set all the borders of 
the earth : * Thou hast made 
summer and spring. 

Remember this, that the enemy 
hath reproached the LORD : * and 
that a foolish people have blas 
phemed Thy name. 

O deliver not unto beasts the 
souls of them that praise Thee : * 
and forget not the souls of Thy poor 
for ever. 

Have respect unto Thy cove 
nant : * for the dark places of the 
earth are full of the habitations of 
cruelty. 

O let not the oppressed return 
ashamed : * let the poor and needy 
praise Thy name. 

Arise, O God, judge Thine own 



cause : * remember how the foolish 
man reproacheth Thee daily. 

Forget not the voice of Thine 
enemies : * the pride of them that 
hate Thee ascendeth continually. 

Antiphon. 3 Thou hast redeemed 
the rod of Thine inheritance. 

Fourth Antiphon. And we will 
call. 

Psalm LXXIV. 

[Intituled " A Psalm A Song of Asaph," 
with a superscription of meaning now un 
certain, but, in part, indicating the tune 
" Destroy not." The Targum says that it 
was composed as a thanksgiving at the time 
when David said " Destroy not thy people," 
and the occasion meant is probably that of 
the plague provoked by David s number 
ing of the people, as related in the last 
chapter of 2 Kings (Sam.)] 

UNTO Thee, O God, will we 
give thanks : * we will give 
thanks and call upon Thy name. 

We will declare Thy wondrous 
works : * when I shall take a set 
time, I will judge uprightly. 

The earth and all the inhabitants 
thereof are dissolved : * I bear up 
the pillars of it. 4 

I said unto the wicked : Deal 
not wickedly : * and to the evil 
doers : Lift not up your horn on 
high. 

Lift not up your horn on high : 
* speak not wickedness against 
God. 

For neither from the east, nor 
from the west, nor from the desert 
mountains : * for God is the judge : 

He putteth down one, and setteth 
up another : * for in the hand of the 



1 People probably referring to the wild beasts, (as in Proverbs xxx. 25, 26, "The ants 
are a people not strong the conies are but a feeble folk ") who ate the dead bodies of the 
Egyptians (whose power seems meant by the leviathan) washed upon the shores of the 
Red Sea. 

2 Ethan = continuity "The continuously flowing streams." 

3 Ps. Ixxiii. 2. 4 SLH. 

VOL. IV. E 



130 



THE PSALTER. 



LORD there is a cup of strong wine 
full of mixture. 1 

And he turneth it this way and 
that : surely the^ dregs thereof are 
not wrung out : * all the wicked of 
the earth shall drink them. 

But I will declare for ever : * I 
will sing praises to the God of Jacob. 

All the horns of the wicked also 
will I break : * and the horns of the 
righteous shall be exalted. 

Psalm LXXV. 

[Intituled " A Psalm A Song of Asaph," 
with a farther superscription similar to the 
preceding. The Vulgate and the LXX. add 
"against the Assyrians "; the meaning pro 
bably is that it was found appropriate as a 
Psalm of thanksgiving after the destruction 
of the Assyrians (3 (2) Kings xix. 35).] 

T N Judah is God known : * His 
-^ name is great in Israel. 

And His tabernacle is in "Peace," 2 

* and His dwelling-place in Zion. 
There brake He the arrows of the 

bow, * the shield, the sword, and 
the battle. 3 

When Thou didst make Thy light 
to shine forth right wondrously from 
the everlasting hills : * all they that 
were foolish of heart were troubled : 

They have slept their sleep : * 
and all the men of riches have found 
nothing in their hands. 

At Thy rebuke, O God of Jacob, 

* they that rode upon horses are 
cast into a dead sleep. 

Thou art to be feared ; and who 
shall withstand Thee, * when once 
Thou art angry ? 

Thou didst cause judgment to 
be heard from heaven : * the earth 
trembled and was still, 



When God arose to judgment, * 
to save all the meek of the earth. 3 

For the thoughts of man shall 
praise Thee : * the remainder of 
his thoughts shall keep holy his days 
before Thee. 

Vow, and pay unto the LORD 
your God : * all ye that are round 
about Him bring presents, 

Even unto Him That ought to be 
feared, and that cutteth off the spirit 
of princes, * to Him That is terrible 
among the kings of the earth. 

Antiphon. 4 And we will call 
upon Thy name, O Lord. 

Fifth Antiphon. Thou art the 
God. 

Psalm LXXVI. 

[Intituled "A Psalm of Asaph," with a 
musical (?) direction, addressed to Jeduthun.] 

T CRIED unto the Lord with my 
- voice ; * even unto God with 
my voice, and He gave ear unto 
me. 

In the day of my trouble I 
sought the Lord ; in the night with 
my hands I sought Him * and failed 
not. 

My soul refused to be comforted : 

* I remembered God, and rejoiced, 
and pondered, and my spirit was 
overwhelmed. 3 

Mine eyes anticipated the night 
watches : * I was troubled, and 
spake not. 

I have considered the days of old, 

* and had in mind the everlasting 
years. 

In the night also I commune with 
mine own heart : * and I mused, 
and searched out mine own spirit. 



1 Aromatic herbs, &c., were mixed with wine to make it more intoxicating. See 
Smith s Diet, of the Bible, Wine. 

2 Peace a translation of "Salem." * SLH. 4 Ps. Ixxiv. 2. 



THURSDAY AT MATTINS. 



Will God cast off for ever ? * or 
will He be favourable no more? 

Or will He put away His mercy 
for ever, * to generation and genera 
tion ? 

Or hath God forgotten to be 
gracious ? * or will He in His anger 
shut up His tender mercies ? 1 

And I said : Now have I begun : 
* the change cometh of the right 
hand of the Most High. 

I remembered the works of the 
LORD : * surely I will remember 
Thy wonders of old. 

I will meditate also of all Thy 
work : * and talk of Thy doings. 

Thy way, O God, is in the sanc 
tuary. Who is so great a God as our 
God? * Thou art the God That 
doest wonders. 

Thou hast declared Thy strength 
among the people : * Thou hast with 
Thine arm redeemed Thy people, 
the sons of Jacob and Joseph. 1 

The waters saw Thee, O God, 
the waters saw Thee : * and they 
were afraid, the depths also were 
troubled. 

There was a noise as of many 
waters, the clouds sent out a 
sound. 

Thine arrows also went abroad : 
* the voice of Thy thunder rolled. 

Thy lightnings lightened the 
world : * the earth trembled and 
shook. 

Thy way is in the sea, and Thy 
paths in the great waters : * and 
Thy footsteps are not known. 

Thou leddest Thy people like a 
ilock, * by the hand of Moses and 
Aaron. 



Psalm LXXVII. 

[Intituled " A didactic (?) poem of 
Asaph."] 

IVE ear, O my people, to my 
law : * incline your ears to 
the words of my mouth. 

1 will open my mouth in para 
bles : * I will utter dark sayings 
of old. 

Which we have heard and known, 

* and our fathers have told us. 
They are not hidden from their 

children, * in the generation to 
come : 

Showing the praises of the LORD, 
and His mighty acts, * and His 
wonderful works that He hath done. 

He established also a testimony 
in Jacob, * and appointed a law 
in Israel. 

Which He commanded our fathers 
that they should make known to 
their children : * that the generation 
to come may know them, 

Even the children which shall be 
born and arise, * and declare them 
to their children ; 

That they may set their hope in 
God, and not forget the works of 
God, but keep His command 
ments. 

And may not be as their fathers, 

* a stubborn and rebellious gen 
eration, 

A generation that set not their 
heart aright, r and whose spirit 
was not steadfast with God. 

2 The children of Ephraim bend 
ing and shooting with bows, * turned 
back in the day of battle. 

They kept not the covenant of 



1 SLH. 

2 The next few verses perhaps relate to the refusal of the children of Israel to in 
vade the Land of Promise when they first reached it, owing to fear of the inhabitants. 
.Numb. xiv. 



132 



THE PSALTER. 



God, * and refused to walk in 
His law. 

And forgot His works, * and 
His wonders that He had showed 
them. 

Marvellous things did He in the 
sight of their fathers, in the land of 
Egypt, * in the plain of Tanis. 1 

He divided the sea, and caused 
them to pass through, * and He 
made the waters to stand as an 
heap. 

In the day - time also He led 
them with a cloud, * and all the 
night with a light of fire. 

He clave the rock in the wil 
derness, * and gave them drink 
as out of the great depth. 

He brought water also out of 
the rock, * and caused waters to 
run down like rivers. 

And they sinned yet more against 
Him, * and provoked the Most 
High in the wilderness. 

And they tempted God in their 
hearts, * to ask meat for their 
lust. 

Yea, they spake against God : * 
they said : Can God furnish a table 
in the wilderness? 

Behold, He smote the rock, and 
the waters gushed out, * and the 
streams overflowed. 

Can He give bread also, * or 
furnish a table for His people ? 

Therefore the LORD heard this, 
and was wroth : " so a fire was 
kindled against Jacob, and anger 
came up against Israel. 

Because they believed not in 
God, * and trusted not in His 
salvation. 

And He commanded the clouds 



from above, * and opened the 
doors of heaven. 

And rained down manna upon 
them to eat, * and gave them of 
the bread of heaven. 

Man did eat Angels bread : * 
He sent them meat to the full. 

He caused an east wind to 
blow in the heaven : * and by His 
power He brought in the south 
wind. 

He rained flesh also upon them 
as dust, * and feathered fowls like 
as the sand of the sea. 

And it fell in the midst of their 
camp, * round about their habita 
tions. 

So they did eat, and were well 
filled, and He gave them their own 
desire : they were not disap 
pointed of their lust. 

But while their meat was yet in 
their mouths : * the wrath of God 
came upon them, 

And slew the fattest of them, * 
and smote down the chosen men 
of Israel. 

For all this they sinned still, * 
and believed not in His wondrous 
works. 

Therefore their days were con 
sumed in vanity, * and their years 
in trouble. 

When He slew them, they sought 
Him : * and they returned, and 
enquired early after God. 

And they remembered that God 
was their strength, * and the High 
God their redeemer. 

Yet they flattered Him with their 
mouth, * and lied unto Him with 
their tongue. 

For their heart was not right 



1 An ancient city (mentioned here and subsequently) in Lower Egypt, called both by 
a Shemitic name, Zoan, as well as by its Egyptian name, surrounded by plains, and close to 
the natural and constant border of Palestine. 



THURSDAY AT MATTINS. 



133 



with Him, * neither were they 
steadfast in His covenant. 

But He being full of compassion, 
forgave their iniquity, * and de 
stroyed them not. 

Yea, many a time did He turn 
His anger away, * and did not stir 
up all His wrath. 

He remembered also that they 
were but flesh ; * a wind that 
passeth away and cometh not 
again. 

How often did they provoke 
Him in the wilderness ? * grieve 
Him to anger in the desert? 

Yea, they turned again, and 
tempted God, * and provoked the 
Holy One of Israel. 

They remembered not His hand, 

* in the day when He delivered 
them from the hand of the op 
pressor. 

How He set His signs in Egypt, 

* and His wonders in the plain of 
Tanis. 

And turned their rivers into 
blood : * and their floods, that 
they could not drink. 

He sent divers sorts of flies 
among them, which devoured them : 

* and frogs, which destroyed them. 
He gave also their increase unto 

the caterpillar, * and their labour 
unto the locust. 

And He destroyed their vines 
with hail, * and their sycamore 
trees with frost. 

He gave up their cattle also to 
the hail, * and their flocks to hot 
thunderbolts. 

He cast upon them the fierceness 
of His anger, * indignation, and 
wrath, and trouble, by sending evil 
Angels among them. 

He made a way to His anger ; 
He spared not their soul from 



death, * and cut off their cattle in 
death with them. 

He smote also every first-born in 
the land of Egypt : * the first-fruits 
of all their labour in the tabernacles 
of Ham. 

And made His own people to go 
forth like sheep : * and guided them 
in the wilderness like a flock. 

And He led them on in hope, 
and they feared not : * and He 
overwhelmed their enemies in the 
sea. 

And He brought them to the 
mountain of His Sanctuary, * even 
the mountain, which His right hand 
hath purchased. 

He cast out the heathen also 
before them, * and allotted the land 
among them by line, 

And made the tribes of Israel to 
dwell * in their tents. 

Yet they tempted and provoked 
the Most High God, * and kept not 
His testimonies. 

And turned back, and observed 
not His covenant, * like their 
fathers ; they were turned aside like 
a deceitful bow. 

They provoked Him to anger 
with their high places, * and moved 
Him to jealousy with their graven 
images. 

God heard it and cast them out : 
* and brought Israel utterly to 
nought. 

He forsook also the tabernacle of 
Shiloh, * even His tabernacle, where 
He dwelt among men. 

And He delivered their strength 
into captivity, * and their beauty 
into the enemy s hand. 

He gave His people over also 
unto the sword : * and cast off His 
inheritance. 

The fire consumed their young 



134 



THE PSALTER. 



men : * and their maidens made no 
funeral song. 

Their priests fell by the sword : 

* and their widows made no lamen 
tation. 

Then the Lord awaked as one 
out of sleep, * like a mighty man 
heated with wine. 

And He smote His enemies in 
the hinder part : * He put them to 
a perpetual shame. 

Moreover, He refused the taber 
nacle of Joseph, * and chose not the 
tribe of Ephraim. 

But chose the tribe of Judah, * 
Mount Zion, which he loved. 

And He built His sanctuary like 
the horn of an unicorn upon the 
earth, * which He hath established 
for ever. 

He chose David also His servant, 
and took him from the sheepfolds : 

* from following the ewes great with 
young He brought him, 

To feed Jacob His servant, * and 
Israel His inheritance. 

So he fed them according to the 
integrity of his heart : * and guided 
them by the skilfulness of his hands. 

Antiphon. J Thou art the God 
That doest wonders. 

Sixth Antiphon. Be merciful. 

PsalmLXXVIII. 
[Intituled " A Psalm of Asaph."] 

GOD, the heathen are come 
into Thine inheritance, Thine 
holy temple have they defiled : * 
they have made Jerusalem like an 
heap of stones in an orchard. 

The dead bodies of Thy servants 
have they given to be meat unto 
the fowls of the heaven, * the flesh 



of Thy saints unto the beasts of the 
earth. 

Their blood have they shed like 
water round about Jerusalem : * and 
there was none to bury them. 

We are become a reproach to our 
neighbours, * a scorn and derision 
to them that are round about us. 

How long, LORD ? wilt Thou be 
angry for ever ? * shall Thy jealousy 
burn like fire ? 

Pour out Thy wrath upon the 
heathen, that have not known Thee, 

* and upon the kingdoms that have 
not called upon Thy name ! 

For they have devoured Jacob, 

* and laid waste His dwelling-place. 
O remember not against us our 

former iniquities, let Thy tender 
mercies speedily overtake us : * for 
we are brought very low. 

Help us, O God of our salvation, 
and for the glory of Thy name de 
liver us, O Lord : * and forgive our 
sins, for Thy name s sake. 

Lest haply they should say among 
the heathen : Where is their God ? 
* And make known among the 
nations in our sight 

The vengeance of the blood of 
Thy servants, which is shed : * let 
the sighing of the prisoners come 
before Thee. 

According to the greatness of 
Thine arm, * preserve Thou the 
children of the slain. 

And render unto our neighbours 
sevenfold into their bosom : * their 
reproach wherewith they have re 
proached Thee, O Lord ! 

But we Thy people, and sheep 
of Thy pasture, * will give Thee 
thanks for ever : 

We will show forth Thy praise * 
to all generations. 



1 Ps. Ixxvi. 15. 



THURSDAY AT MATTINS. 



135 



Psalm LXXIX. 

[Intituled " A Psalm of Asaph," with a 
direction, perhaps musical, the meaning 
of which is not now certain. The LXX. 
adds "concerning the Assyrian," probably 
meaning that it was used as a prayer 
after the destruction of Jerusalem by 
Nebuchadnezzar. ] 

GIVE ear, O Shepherd of Israel, 
* Thou That leadest Joseph 
like a flock. 

Thou That sittest upon the Cheru 
bim, * shine forth before Ephraim, 
Benjamin, and Manasseh. 

Stir up Thy strength, and come 

* and save us. 

Turn us again, O God, * and 
cause Thy face to shine, and we 
shall be saved. 

O LORD God of hosts, * how 
long wilt Thou be angry against the 
prayer of Thy servant ? 

Wilt Thou feed us with the bread 
of tears, * and give us tears to drink 
in great measure ? 

Thou makest us a strife unto our 
neighbours : * and our enemies jest 
upon us. 

Turn us again, O God of hosts : 

* and cause Thy face to shine, and 
we shall be saved. 

Thou hast brought a vine out of 
Egypt : * Thou hast cast out the 
heathen and planted it. 

Thou preparedst room before it : 

* Thou didst cause it to take deep 
root, and it filled the land. 

The hills were covered with the 
shadow of it, * and the cedars of 
God with the boughs thereof. 

She sent out her boughs unto the 
sea, * and her branches unto the 
river. 1 

Why hast Thou broken down her 



hedge ? * so that all they which 
pass by the way do pluck her? 

The boar out of the wood doth 
root it up, * and the wild beast of 
the field doth devour it. 

Return, O God of hosts : * look 
down from heaven, and behold, and 
visit this vine ; 

And protect that Thy right hand 
hath planted, * and the son of man 
whom Thou madest strong for Thy 
self. 

It is burnt with fire, and cut 
down : * they shall perish at the 
rebuke of Thy countenance. 

Let Thine hand be upon the man 
of Thy right hand, * and upon the 
son of man whom Thou madest 
strong for Thyself. 

So will we not go back from 
Thee ; * quicken us, and we will 
call upon Thy name. 

Turn us again, O LORD God of 
hosts : * and cause Thy face to 
shine, and we shall be saved. 

Antiphon. 2 Be merciful unto our 
sins, O Lord. 

Antiphon in Paschal time. Al 
leluia, Alleluia, Alleluia. 

Then is said a Verse and Answer. 
In Advent. 

Verse. Out of Zion, the Per 
fection of beauty, 

Answer. Our God shall come 
manifestly. 

Diiring the rest of the year. 

Verse. 3 My lips shall be fain 
when I sing unto Thee. 

Answer. And my soul, which 
Thou hast redeemed. 



1 That is, the dominion of the Israelites stretched from the Mediterranean to the 
Euphrates. 2 Ps. Ixxviii. 9. 3 Ps. Ixx. 23. 



136 



THE PSALTER. 



In Lent. 

Verse. He hath delivered me 
from the snare of the fowler. 

Answer. And from the noisome 
pestilence. 

In Passion time. 

Verse. O God, deliver my soul 
from the sword. 

Answer. And my darling from 
the power of the dog. 



In Paschal time. 

Verse. The Lord is risen from 
the grave, Alleluia. 

Answer. Who hung for us upon 
the tree, Alleluia. 



The rest is the same as the First 
Nocturn on the preceding Sunday, only 
the Lessons, and sometimes the Respon- 
sories, are those of the day. 



137 



at 



THE FIFTH DAY OF THE WEEK. 



A II as on Sunday, except as otherwise 
given here. 

The Psalms are as follows : 

Antiphon. Against Thee, Thee 
only. 

Psalm L. 

Have mercy upon me, &c., (p. 

8 7 ). 

Antiphon. Against Thee, Thee 
only, have I sinned, have mercy 
upon me, O Lord ! 

Second Antiphon. Lord. 

If this Antiphon be used, the Psalm 
begins with the words, "Thou hast 
been. ; 

Psalm LXXXIX. 

[Intituled "A Prayer of Moses the man 
of God."] 

T ORD, Thou hast been our re- 
*- * fuge * in all generations. 

Before the mountains were brought 
forth, or ever the earth and the 
world were formed, * even from 
everlasting to everlasting, Thou art 
God. 

Turn not man to destruction ; * 
for Thou sayest, Return, ye children 
of men. 

For a thousand years in Thy sight 
* are but as yesterday when it is past, 

And their years shall be reckoned 

VOL. IV. 



as nothing, * even as a watch in 
the night. 

In the morning they are like 
grass which soon fadeth away : in 
the morning it flourisheth, and 
then it fadeth away : in the 
evening it is cut down, drieth up, 
and withereth. 

For we are consumed by Thine 



anger 



and by Thy wrath are- 



we troubled. 

Thou hast set our iniquities be 
fore Thee, * our life in the light 
of Thy countenance. 

For all our days are passed away, 
* and we are consumed by Thine 
anger. 

The works whereon we toil all 
our years are but frail structures 
like a spider s web : * the days of 
our years are threescore years and 
ten: 

And if by reason of strength they 
be fourscore years, * yet is their 
increase but labour and sorrow : 

For weakness cometh, * and we 
are cut off. 

Who knoweth the power of Thine 
anger, * or can measure Thy wrath, 
that he may fear Thee as Thou 
oughtest to be feared? 

Show Thou the might of Thy 
right hand ; * and apply our hearts 
to wisdom. 

E 2 



138 



THE PSALTER. 



Return, O LORD, how long? * 
and let it intreat Thee concerning 
Thy servants. 

Thou hast satisfied us early with 
Thy mercy, * and we rejoice and 
are glad all our days. 

We are gladdened for the days 
wherein Thou hast afflicted us ; * 
for the years wherein we have seen 
evil. 

Look upon Thy servants, and 
upon Thy works, * and establish 
their children. 

And let the beauty of the LORD 
our God be upon us ; and establish 
Thou the work of our hands upon 
us : * yea, the work of our hands 
establish Thou it. 

Antiphon. Lord, Thou hast 
been our refuge. 

Third Antiphon. I meditate. 

Psalms LXIL, LXVI. 
O God, Thou art my God, &c., 



Antiphon. I meditate upon Thee 
in the night watches. 

Fourth Antiphon. Let us sing. 

If this Antiphon be used the Canticle 
begins with the words, " Unto the 
LORD." 

THE SONG OF MOSES (Exod. xv.) 

[On the occasion of the successful escape 
of the Israelites through the Red Sea.] 

T ET us sing unto the LORD, for 
*^* He hath triumphed gloriously : 
* the horse and his rider hath He 
thrown into the sea. 

The LORD is my strength and 
my song, * and He is become 
my salvation : 

1 But in the present Hebrew text, 



He is my God, and I will glorify 
Him : * my father s God, and I 
will exalt Him. 

The LORD is like a man of war : 
"THE ALMIGHTY" 1 is His name. 

* Pharaoh s chariots and his host 
hath He cast into the sea. 

His chosen captains are drowned 
in the Red Sea. * The depths have 
covered them : they sank into the 
bottom as a stone. 

Thy right hand, O LORD, is be 
come glorious in power : Thy right 
hand, O LORD, hath shattered the 
enemy. * And in the greatness 
of Thy majesty Thou hast over 
thrown them that rose up against 
Thee. 

Thou sentest forth Thy wrath, 
which consumed them as stubble. 

* And with the blast of Thy fury 
the waters were gathered together, 

The floods stood upright, * and 
the depths were congealed in the 
heart of the sea. 

The enemy said : I will pursue 
and overtake, * I will divide the 
spoil ; my soul shall be sated upon 
them : 

I will draw my sword, * mine 
hand shall destroy them. 

Thy wind blew, and the sea 
covered them ; * they sank as lead 
in the mighty waters. 

Who is like unto Thee, O LORD, 
among the mighty? * who is like 
unto Thee, glorious in holiness, 
terrible, and worthy to be praised, 
doing wonders? 

Thou stretchedst out Thy right 
hand, and the earth swallowed them. 

Thou in Thy mercy hast led 
forth the people which Thou hast 
redeemed : 

And hast borne them in Thy 
here stands again the Divine name. 



THURSDAY AT LAUDS. 



139 



strength, * unto Thine holy habi 
tation. 

The people came up and were 
angry : * sorrow took hold on the 
inhabitants of Philistia. 

Then the princes of Edom were 
amazed, the mighty men of Moab, 
trembling took hold upon them : * 
all the inhabitants of Chanaan 
melted away. 

Let fear and dread fall upon 
them, * by the greatness of Thine 
arm : 

Let them be as still as a stone : 
till Thy people pass over, O LORD, 

* till Thy people pass over, which 
Thou hast purchased. 

Thou shalt bring them in and 
plant them in the mountain of 
Thine inheritance, * in Thy most 
sure dwelling, which Thou hast 
made, O LORD : 

In the Sanctuary, O Lord, which 
Thine hands have established. 

* The LORD shall reign for ever 
and ever. 

For the horse of Pharaoh went 
in with his chariots and with his 
horsemen into the sea, * and the 
LORD brought again the waters of 
the sea upon them : 

But the children of Israel went on 
-dry land * in the midst of the sea. 

Antiphon. Let us sing gloriously 
unto the LORD. 

Fifth Antiphon. Praise God. 

Psalms CXLVIII., CXLIX., CL. 

Praise ye the LORD, &c., (pp. 25, 
26). 



Antiphon. Praise God in His 
Sanctuary. 

CHAPTER. (Rom. xiii. 12.) 

The night is far spent, c., (as 
on Monday, p. 89). 

HYMN. 1 

C* EE, the golden dawn is glowing, 
^ While the paly shades are going, 
Which have led us far and long, 
In a labyrinth of wrong. 

May it bring us peace serene ; 
May it cleanse, as it is clean ; 
Plain and clear our words be spoke, 
And our thoughts without a cloak ; 

So the day s account shall stand, 
Guileless tongue and holy hand, 
Steadfast eyes and unbeguiled, 
"Flesh as of a little child." 

There is One Who from above 
Watches how the still hours move 
Of our day of service done, 
From the dawn to setting sun. 

To the Father, and the Son, 
And the Spirit, Three and One, 
As of old, and as in Heaven, 
Now and here be glory given. 

Amen. 

Verse. Thou hast satisfied us 
early with Thy mercy. 

Answer. We rejoice and are 
glad. 

Antiphon for the Song ofZacharias. 
Let us serve the Lord * in holiness, 
and He will deliver us from our 
enemies. 

Commemoration of the Cross before 
the other Commemorations, and Long 
Preces in Advent and Lent, and on 
Fast-days, as on Monday. 



1 Extracted from hymn by Prudentius ; translation by the late Card. Newman. 



140 



Jfribap at Jftattins. 



THE SIXTH DAY OF THE WEEK. 



All as on Sunday , except as otherwise 
given here. 

Invitatory. Let us worship the 
Lord, for * He is our Maker. 

HYMN. 1 

IV/TAY the dread Three in One, Who 
*" sways 

All with His sovereign might, 
Accept from us this hymn of praise, 

His watchers in the night. 

For in the night, when all is still, 
We spurn our bed and rise, 

To find the balm for ghostly ill, 
His bounteous hand supplies. 

If e er by night our envious foe 
With guilt our souls would stain, 

May the deep streams of mercy flow, 
And make us white again ; 

That so with bodies braced and bright, 

And hearts awake within, 
All fresh and keen may burn our light, 

Undimmed, unsoiled by sin. 

Shine on Thine own, Redeemer sweet ! 

Thy radiance increate 
Through the long day shall keep our 
feet, 

In their pure morning state. 



Grant this, O Father, Only Son, 

And Spirit, God of grace, 
To whom all worship shall be done 

In every time and place. 

Amen. 

Only one Nocturn is said. 

Antiphon. Sing aloud. 

If this Antiphon be used the Psalm 
begins with the words, " Unto God our 
strength." 

In Paschal time only one Antiphon is 
said for the whole Nocturn. Alleluia. 

Psalm LXXX. 

[Intituled "Of Asaph." It has a super 
scription of meaning now uncertain, but 
part of which perhaps means that it was 
a Hymn for the vintage.] 

O ING aloud unto God our strength : 
^ * make a joyful noise unto the 
God of Jacob. 

Take a psalm, and bring hither 
the timbrel : * the pleasant harp 
with the psaltery. 

Blow the trumpet in the new 
moon, 2 * in the time appointed, 
on our solemn feast-day. 



1 From a hymn of the Ambrosian school, very slightly altered ; translation by the late 
Card. Newman. 

2 The ordinance referred to in this and the next verses is found in Numb. x. "And the 
LORD spake unto Moses, saying : Make thee two trumpets of silver, of a whole piece shalt 
thou make them. . . . And in the day of your gladness, and in your solemn days, and 
in the beginnings of your months, ye shall blow with the trumpets over your burnt-offerings, 
and over the sacrifices of your peace-offerings ; that they may be to you for a memorial 
before God. I am the LORD your God." 



FRIDAY AT MATTINS. 



For this is a statute for Israel : 
* and a law of the God of Jacob. 

This He ordained in Joseph for 
a testimony, when he went out of 
the land of Egypt : * he heard a 
language that he understood not. 

He removed his shoulder from 
the burden, * his hands were done 
with slaving over the baskets. 

Thou calledst upon Me in trouble, 
and I delivered thee : * I answered 
thee in the secret place of thunder : I 
proved thee at the waters of strife. 1 

Hear, O My people, and I will 
testify unto thee: * O Israel, if 
thou wilt hearken unto Me, there 
shall no strange god be in thee, 
neither shalt thou worship any 
strange god. 

For I am the LORD thy God, 
Who brought thee out of the land 
of Egypt : * open thy mouth wide 
and I will fill it. 

But My people would not hearken 
unto My voice : * and Israel would 
not obey Me : 

So I gave them up unto their 
own hearts lust : * they walked 
in their own counsels. 

that My people had heark 
ened unto Me, * that Israel had 
walked in My ways ! 

1 should quickly have brought 
their enemies under them, * and 
turned Mine hand against their 
adversaries. 

The haters of the LORD would 
have feigned submission unto Him : 
* but their time should have en 
dured for ever. 

He would have fed them also 
with the finest of the wheat : * 
and with honey out of the rock 
would He have satisfied them. 



Psalm LXXXI. 
[Intituled "A Psalm of Asaph."] 

GOD standeth in the congrega 
tion of the mighty : * He 
judgeth among the judges. 

How long do ye judge unjustly, 

* and accept the person of the 
wicked ? 2 

Defend the poor and fatherless : 

* do justice to the afflicted and 
needy. 

Deliver the poor, * and rid the 
needy out of the hand of the wicked. 

They know not, neither do they 
understand, they walk on in dark 
ness : * all the foundations of the 
earth are out of course. 

3 1 have said : Ye are gods, * 
and all of you are children of the 
Most High; 

But ye shall die like men : * 
and fall like one of the princes. 

Arise, O God, judge the earth : 

* for Thou shalt inherit all na 
tions. 

Antiphon. 4 Sing aloud unto 
God our strength. 

Second Antiphon. Thou alone. 

Psalm LXXXI I. 

[Intituled " A Song. A Psalm of 
Asaph."] 

OGOD, who shall be likened 
unto Thee ? * hold not Thy 
peace, and be not still, O God. 

For, lo, Thine enemies make a 
tumult : * and they that hate Thee 
have lifted up the head. 

They have taken crafty counsel 
against Thy people, * and con 
sulted against Thine holy ones. 



1 SLH. For "the waters of Meribah" or "strife," see note on Ps. xciv., p. 2. 

2 SLH. 3 This verse was quoted by our Lord. John x. 34. 4 Ps. Ixxx. 2. 



142 



THE PSALTER. 



They have said : Come and let 
us cut them off from being a na 
tion : * that the name of Israel 
may be no more in remembrance. 

For they have consulted together 
with one consent : * they are con 
federate against Thee : the taberna 
cles of Edom, 1 and the Ishmaelites. 

Of Moab, and the Hagarenes ; 
Gebal, and Ammon, Amalek, * the 
" Strangers " with the inhabitants 
of Tyre. 

Assur also is joined with them : 

* they have holpen the children 
of Lot. 2 

Do unto them as unto Midian, 3 
and Sisera : * as unto Jabin, at 
the brook of Kishon. 

They perished at Endor : * they 
became as dung for the earth. 

Make their nobles like Oreb 
and like Zeeb ; * as Zebah and 
Zalmunna, 

All their princes : * who said : 
Let us take to ourselves the Sanc 
tuary of God in possession. 

O my God, make them like a 
wheel [of whirling dust] ; * and as 
the stubble before the wind ! 

As the fire that burneth a wood, 

* and as the flame that setteth the 
mountains on fire. 

So pursue them with Thy tem 
pest, * and trouble them in Thine 
anger. 

Fill their faces with shame : * and 
they will seek Thy Name, O LORD ! 



Let them be confounded and 
troubled for ever : * yea, let them 
be put to shame and perish. 

And let men know that Thy 
name is the LORD : * Thou alone 
art the Most High over all the 
earth. 

Psalm LXXXIII. 

[Intituled "A Psalm of the sons of 
Korah." It has the same superscription as 
Ps. Ixx., referring possibly to the vintage. 
It reads as if it were a pilgrim-song refer 
ring to the going up of all the males of 
Israel to Jerusalem to observe the Feast of 
Tabernacles, when harvest and vintage were 
over. ] 

HOW lovely are Thy taberna 
cles, O LORD of hosts ! * 
my soul longeth and fainteth for 
the courts of the LORD : 

Mine heart and my flesh * rejoice 
for the living God. 

Yea, the sparrow hath found an 
house, * and the dove a nest for 
herself, where she may lay her 
young, 

Even Thine altars, O LORD of 
hosts, * my King and my God ! 

Blessed are they that dwell in 
Thine house, O Lord ; * they will 
be ever praising Thee. 2 

Blessed is the man whose strength 
is from Thee ; * who hath settled in 
his heart to go up [to thy Sanctu 
ary,] through the vale of tears, 4 to 
the place which he hath appointed. 

He That hath given the Law will 



1 Of the list of tribes in the next few verses, the Ishmaelites are the inhabitants of Edom; 
Moab, and the Hagarenes, Gebal, Ammon, Amalek, tribes to the south and south-east of 
Canaan ; the "Strangers" are the Philistines; Assur is Assyria; the children of Lot are 
the Moabites and Ammonites. 2 SLH. 

3 The Midianites invaded Israel during the Judgeship of Gideon, who defeated them. 
Barak had previously, by a great victory between the Kishon and Endor, delivered his 
people from the tyranny of Jabin king of the Canaanites, whose general, Sisera, lost his life 
on the occasion. Oreb and Zeeb were two princes, and Zebah and Zalmunna two kings of 
the Midianites, whom the Israelites took prisoners and put to death on the second occasion. 
See Judges iv.-viii. 

4 Hebrew, "of Baca," probably the proper name of a place, but, literally, "weeping." 



FRIDAY AT MATTINS. 



143 



give His blessing ; they shall go 
from strength to strength : * they 
appear before the God of gods in 
Zion. 

LORD God of hosts, hear my 
prayer : * give ear, O God of Ja 
cob ! J 

Behold, O God, our shield: * 
and look upon the face of Thine 
Anointed. 

For a day in Thy courts is better 
* than a thousand. 

1 had rather be a menial in the 
house of my God, * than to dwell 
in the tents of wickedness. 

For God loveth mercy and truth : 
the LORD will give grace and 
glory. 

No good thing will He withhold 
from them that walk uprightly. * 
O LORD of hosts, blessed is the man 
that trusteth in Thee ! 

Antiphon. 2 Thou alone art the 
Most High over all the earth. 
Third Antiphon. LORD. 

If this Antiphon be used the Psalm 
begins with the words " Thou hast been 
favourable." 

Psalm LXXXIV. 

[Intituled "A Psalm of the sons of 
Korah," with the usual (now uncertain) 
superscription.] 

LORD, Thou hast been favour 
able unto Thy land : * Thou 
hast brought back the captivity of 
Jacob. 

Thou hast forgiven the iniquity of 
Thy people : * Thou hast covered 
all their sins. 1 

Thou hast taken away all Thy 
wrath : * Thou hast turned Thyself 
from the fierceness of Thine anger. 



Turn us, O God of our salvation, 

* and cause Thine anger towards us 
to cease. 

Wilt Thou be angry with us for 
ever? * wilt Thou draw out Thine 
anger to all generations ? 

God, Thou shalt again quicken 
us : * and Thy people shall rejoice 
in Thee. 

Show us Thy mercy, O LORD ! * 
and grant us Thy salvation. 

1 will hear what the LORD God 
will speak in me : * for He will 
speak peace unto His people, 

And to His saints, * and unto 
them that are changed in heart. 

Surely His salvation is nigh them 
that fear Him, * that glory may 
dwell in our land. 

Mercy and truth have met to 
gether : * righteousness and peace 
have kissed each other. 

Truth hath sprung out of the 
earth : * and righteousness hath 
looked down from heaven. 

Yea, the LORD shall give that 
which is good : * and our land shall 
yield her increase. 

Righteousness shall go before 
Him : * and shall set His footsteps 
in the way. 

Psalm LXXXV. 
[Intituled "A Prayer of David."] 

BOW down Thine ear, O LORD, 
and hear me : * for I am poor 
and needy. 

Preserve my soul, for I am holy : 

* O Thou my God, save Thy servant 
that trusteth in Thee. 

Be merciful unto me, O Lord, for 
I cry unto Thee all the day long : * 
rejoice the soul of Thy servant, for 



SLH. 



2 Ps. Ixxxii. 19. 



144 



THE PSALTER. 



unto Thee, O Lord, do I lift up my 
soul. 

For Thou, Lord, art good and 
ready to forgive, * and plenteous 
in mercy to all them that call upon 
Thee. 

Give ear, O LORD, unto my 
prayer : * and attend to the voice 
of my supplication. 

In the day of my trouble I called 
upon Thee, * for Thou hast heard 
me. 

Among the gods there is none like 
unto Thee, O Lord : * neither are 
there any works like unto Thy works. 

All nations whom Thou hast 
made shall come and worship be 
fore Thee, O Lord: * and shall 
glorify Thy name. 

For Thou art great and doest won 
drous things : * Thou art God alone. 

Teach me Thy way, O LORD, 
and I will walk in Thy truth : * 
let mine heart be glad, that it may 
fear Thy name. 

I will praise Thee, O Lord my 
God, with all mine heart, * and I 
will glorify Thy name for evermore. 

For great is Thy mercy toward 
me : * and Thou hast delivered my 
soul from the lowest hell. 

O God, the wicked are risen 
against me, and the assemblies of 
violent men have sought after my 
soul, * and have not set Thee before 
them. 

But Thou, O Lord, art a God full 
of compassion and gracious, * long- 
suffering, and plenteous in mercy 
and truth. 



upon me : * give Thy strength unto 
Thy servant, and save the son of 
Thine handmaid ! 

Show me a token for good, that 
they which hate me may see it and be 
ashamed : * because Thou, O LORD, 
hast holpen me, and comforted me. 

Antiphon. l LORD, Thou hast 
been favourable unto Thy land. 
Fourth Antiphon. Her foundation. 

If this Antiphon be used the Psalm 
begins with the words, "Is in the holy 
mountains." 

Psalm LXXXVI. 

[Intituled " A Psalm. A Song of the 
sons of Korah." The Targum adds that it 
was based upon words of the ancients, 
perhaps meaning that the two first verses 
before the SLH were an ancient saying to 
which the rest was a later addition.] 

ER foundation is in the holy 
mountains : * the LORD lov- 
eth the gates of Zion more than all 
the dwellings of Jacob ! 

Glorious things are spoken of 
thee, * O city of God ! 2 

I will make mention of Rahab 3 
and Babylon * that know me. 

Behold the "Strangers," 4 and 
Tyre, and the people of Ethiopia, * 
these were there 

And of Zion shall it not be said : 
This and that man was born in her, 
* and the Highest Himself hath 
established her? 5 

The LORD shall make count, 
when He writeth up the people [and 
the princes,] 6 * of all that are in her. 2 

All they that dwell in thee * are 
in gladness. 



H 



O look upon me, and have mercy 

1 Ps. Ixxxiv. 2. 2 SLH. 

3 That is "the Insolent One," namely, Egypt. 4 I.e., the Philistines. 

5 Is the meaning that Jerusalem shall be illustrious as the birth-place of all kinds of 
distinguished persons? The Targum, curiously enough, says that the persons meant are 
David and Solomon, whereas David is a native of Bethlehem. 

8 Displaced from the beginning of the next verse. 



FRIDAY AT MATTINS. 



145 



Psalm LXXXVII. 

[This Psalm has a long superscription, in 
which its authorship is attributed to Heman 
the Ezrahite, one of five brothers, descen 
dants of Zarah, the son of Judah. Four of 
them were celebrated for wisdom. 3 (l) 
Kings iv. 31. This Psalm was written for 
the sons of Korah, and intended to be sung 
with an accompaniment of pipes and flutes.] 

OLORD God of my salvation, * 
I have cried day and night 
before Thee. 

Let my prayer come before Thee ; 
:* incline Thine ear unto my cry. 

For my soul is full of troubles : * 
and my life draweth nigh unto the 
grave. 

I am counted with them that go 
down into the pit : * I am as a 
man that hath no strength, lying 
nerveless among the dead, 

Like the pierced that lie in the 
grave, whom Thou rememberest no 
more : * and they are cast off from 
Thine hand. 

They have laid me in the lowest 
pit, * in darkness and in the shadow 
of death. 

Thy wrath lieth hard upon me, 
* and Thou hast afflicted me with 
all Thy waves. 1 

Thou hast put away mine ac 
quaintance far from me : * they 
have made me an abomination unto 
them. 

I am shut up, and cannot come 
forth : * mine eyes fail by reason 
of affliction. 

LORD, I have called daily upon 
Thee : * I have stretched out my 
hands unto Thee ! 

Wilt Thou show wonders to the 
dead ? * or can physicians quicken 
them, so that they may praise 
Thee? 1 

Shall Thy loving - kindness be 
1 SLH. 



declared in the grave, * and Thy 
faithfulness in destruction? 

Shall Thy wonders be known in 
the dark, * and Thy righteousness 
in the land of forgetfulness ? 

But unto Thee have I cried, O 
LORD: * and in the morning shall 
my prayer come before Thee. 

LORD, why castest Thou off my 
prayer, * why hidest Thou Thy face 
from me ? 

I am afflicted, and in toil from 
my youth up : * and when I was 
lifted up, then was I brought down 
and troubled : 

Thy fierce wrath goeth over me, 

* and Thy terrors have troubled me. 
They came round about me all 

the day like a flood : * they com 
passed me about together. 

Friend and neighbour hast Thou 
put far from me, * mine acquaint 
ance also, because of my misery. 

Antiphon. 2 Her foundation is 
in the holy mountains. 
Fifth Antiphon. Blessed. 

Psalm LXXXVIII. 

[Intituled " A didactic (?) Poem of Ethan 
the Ezrahite." This Ethan was a brother 
of the author of the last Psalm. ] 

T WILL sing of the mercies * of 
-* the LORD for ever. 

With my mouth will I make 
known Thy faithfulness * to all 
generations. 

For Thou hast said : Mercy shall 
be built up for ever in the heavens : 

* Thy faithfulness shall be estab 
lished in them. 

I have made a covenant with My 
chosen, I have sworn unto David 
My servant : * thy seed will I 
establish for ever. 

2 Ps, Ixxxvi. I. 



146 



THE PSALTER. 



And build up thy throne * to 
all generations. 1 

And the heavens shall praise Thy 
wonders, O LORD ; * Thy faithful 
ness also in the congregation of the 
Saints 

For who in heaven can be com 
pared unto the LORD? * Who 
among the sons of God can be 
likened unto GOD ? 

God, Which is glorious in the 
assembly of the saints, * great 
and terrible to all them that are 
about Him. 

O LORD God of hosts, who is 
like unto Thee ? * Thou art strong, 
O LORD, and Thy faithfulness is 
round about Thee ! 

Thou rulest the raging of the 
sea : when the waves thereof 
arise Thou stillest them. 

Thou hast broken the " Inso 
lent " one, 2 as one that is slain : 
* Thou hast scattered Thine ene 
mies with Thy strong arm. 

The heavens are Thine, the 
earth also is Thine, as for the 
world and the fulness thereof 
Thou hast founded them : * the 
North and the South Thou hast 
created them : 

3 Tabor and Hermon shall re 
joice in Thy name. * Thou hast 
a mighty arm. 

Strong is Thine hand, and high 
Thy right hand : * justice and 
judgment are the foundations of 
Thy throne. 

Mercy and truth shall go before 
Thy face. * Blessed is the people 
that know the joyful sound ! 



They shall walk, O LORD, in 
the light of Thy countenance, and 
in Thy name shall they rejoice all 
the day : * in Thy righteousness 
also shall they be exalted. 

For thou art the glory of their 
strength : * and in Thy favour 
our horn shall be exalted. 

For of the LORD is our de 
fence, * and of the Holy One of 
Israel is our King. 

Then Thou spakest in vision to 
Thine holy ones, and saidst : * I 
have laid help upon one that is 
mighty, and have exalted one 
chosen out of My people. 

I have found David My ser 
vant : * with Mine holy oil have I 
anointed him. 

For Mine hand shall help him : 
* Mine arm also shall strengthen 
him. 

The enemy shall prevail nothing 
against him : * nor the son of 
wickedness afflict him. 

And I will beat down his foes 
before his face, * and put them 
that hate him to flight. 

And My truth and My mercy 
shall be with him : * and in My 
Name shall his horn be exalted. 

I will set his hand also in the 
sea, * and his right hand in the 
rivers. 4 

He shall cry unto me : Thou 
art my Father, * my God, and 
the rock of my salvation. 

5 Also I will make him My first 
born, * higher than the kings of 
the earth. 

My mercy will I keep for him 



1 SLH. 2 Rahab * .., Egypt. 

3 Two prominent mountains in the North of Syria. 

4 That is ; " I will make his power to be bounded on the West by the Mediterranean, 
and on the East by the Tigris and Euphrates. " 

5 The next verses are a sort of quotation of the Divine message given by Nathan to 
David. 2. Kings (Sam.) vii. 14-16. 



FRIDAY AT MATTINS. 



for evermore, * and My covenant 
shall stand fast with him. 

His seed also will I make to 
endure for ever, * and his throne 
as the days of heaven. 

But if his children forsake My 
law, * and walk not in My judg 
ments, 

If they break My statutes, * and 
keep not My commandments, 

Then I will visit their trans 
gressions with the rod, * and 
their iniquity with stripes. 

Nevertheless My loving-kindness 
will I not utterly take from him, 

* nor fail in My truth. 

My covenant also will I not break, 

* nor make void the thing that is 
gone out of My lips. 

Once have I sworn by Mine 
holiness, that I will not lie unto 
David : * his seed shall endure for 
ever, 

And his throne, as the sun before 
Me : * and as the full moon for 
ever, and as the faithful witness in 
heaven. 1 

But Thou hast cast off and de 
spised, * Thou hast put away Thine 
Anointed. 

Thou hast made void the cove 
nant of Thy servant : * Thou hast 
profaned his crown [by casting] it 
to the ground. 

Thou hast broken down all his 
hedges : * Thou hast brought his 
strongholds to ruin. 

All that pass by the way spoil 
him : * he is a reproach to his 
neighbours. 

Thou hast set up the right hand 
of his adversaries : * Thou hast 
made all his enemies to rejoice. 



Thou hast turned the edge of his 
sword, * and hast not upholden him 
in battle. 

Thou hast made his brightness to 
cease, * and cast his throne down 
to the ground. 

The days of his youth hast Thou 
shortened : * Thou hast covered 
him with shame. 2 

How long, LORD, wilt Thou hide 
Thyself, for ever? * Shall Thy 
wrath burn like fire? 

Remember how short my time is : 
* wherefore hast Thou made all the 
sons of men in vain ? 

What man is he that liveth, and 
shall not see death? * Shall he 
deliver his soul from the hand of 
the grave? 2 

Lord, where are Thy former lov 
ing-kindnesses, * which Thou swarest 
unto David in Thy truth ? 

Remember, Lord, the reproach of 
Thy servants, * (that I bear in my 
bosom) even the reproach of many 
people 

Wherewith Thine enemies have 
reproached, O LORD * wherewith 
they have reproached the woes of 
Thine Anointed. 

Blessed be the LORD for ever 
more ! * Amen, Amen. 3 



Psalm XCIII. 

[The Vulgate and the LXX. ascribe this 
Psalm to David, and assign it to the fourth 
day of the week. ] 

THE LORD God to Whom ven 
geance belongeth, * the God 
to Whom vengeance belongeth hath 
shown Himself. 

Lift up Thyself, Thou judge of 



1 SLH. Is the "faithful witness" the rainbow? See Gen. ix. (Thursday after Sexa- 
gesima Sunday. ) 2 SLH. 

3 Here ends the third of the five books into which the Psalter is divided. 



I 4 8 



THE PSALTER. 



the earth : * render a reward to the 
proud. 

LORD, how long shall the wicked, 

* how long shall the wicked 
triumph ? 

How long shall they utter and 
speak iniquity ? * all the workers of 
wickedness boast themselves ? 

They crush Thy people, O LORD ! 

* and afflict Thine heritage. 

They slay the widow and the 
stranger, * and murder the father 
less. 

Yet they say : The LORD shall 
not see, * neither shall the God of 
Jacob understand. 

Understand, ye brutish among the 
people ! * and ye fools, some time 
be wise ! 

He That planted the ear, shall He 
not hear ? * or He That formed the 
eye, can He not see ? 

He That chastiseth the heathen, 
shall not He correct? * He That 
teacheth man knowledge? 

The LORD knoweth the thoughts 
of men, * that they are vanity. 

Blessed is the man whom Thou 
chastenest, O LORD, * and teachest 
out of Thy law., 

That Thou mayest give him rest 
from the days of adversity, * until 
the pit be digged for the wicked. 

For the LORD will not cast off 
His people, * neither will He for 
sake His inheritance. 

Until righteousness return unto 
judgment, * and all the upright in 
heart follow it. 

Who will rise up for me against 
the evil-doers ? * or who will stand 
up with me against the workers of 
iniquity ? 



Unless the LORD had been mine 
help, * my soul had almost dwelt 
in the grave. 

When I said : My foot slippeth 
* Thy mercy, O LORD, held me 
up. 

In the multitude of the sorrows 
within mine heart, * Thy comforts 
delight my soul. 

1 Hath the throne of iniquity 
fellowship with Thee? * which 
frameth mischief by a law? 

They that gather themselves 
together against the soul of the 
righteous, * and condemn the in 
nocent blood ? 

But the LORD is my refuge, * 
and my God is the stay of my 
trust. 

And He shall bring upon them 
their own iniquity, and shall cut 
them off in their own wickedness : 
* the LORD our God shall cut 
them off. 

Antiphon. 2 Blessed be the LORD 
for evermore. 

Sixth Antiphon. Sing. 

Psalm XCV. 

[In I Par. (Chron. ) xvi. it is stated that 
David gave this Psalm to Asaph and his 
brethren upon the day that the ark was 
brought to Jerusalem. The text is there 
given somewhat differently, and the whole 
forms the second part of one Psalm, of 
which the first part consists of the first 
fifteen verses of Ps. civ. The Vulgate and 
the LXX. note that it was sung at the 
rebuilding of the Temple after the Cap 
tivity.] 

SING unto the LORD a new 
song : * sing unto the LORD, 
all the earth. 

Sing unto the LORD, and bless 



1 This verse is translated according to the sense of the Hebrew, the LXX., Aquila, 
Symmachus, Theodotion, and St Jerome, but the Latin has the second, instead of the 
third, person singular in the last clause. 2 Ps. Ixxxviii. 53. 



FRIDAY AT MATTINS. 



149 



His Name : * show forth His sal 
vation from day to day. 

Declare His glory among the 
heathen, * His wonders among all 
people. 

For the LORD is great, and greatly 
to be praised : * He is to be feared 
above all gods. 

For all the gods of the heathen 
are devils : * but the LORD made 
the heavens. 

Praise and beauty are before 
Him : * holiness and majesty are 
in His sanctuary. 

Give unto the LORD, O ye kin 
dreds of the people, give unto the 
LORD glory and honour : * give 
unto the LORD the glory due unto 
His name. 

Bring sacrifices, and come into 
His courts : * O worship the LORD 
in His holy temple ! 

Let all the earth fear before 
Him. * Say among the heathen, 
The LORD reigneth ! 

He hath established the world 
also, that it shall not be moved : 
* He shall judge the people right 
eously. 

Let the heavens rejoice, and let 
the earth be glad, let the sea roar, 
and the fulness thereof: * let the 
fields be joyful and all that is 
therein. 

Then shall all the trees of the 
wood rejoice before the LORD, for 
He cometh, * for He cometh to 
judge the earth. 

He shall judge the world with 
righteousness : * and the people 
with His truth. 1 



Psalm XCVI. 

[The Vulgate and the LXX. have the 
superscription "[A Psalm] of David when 
his country was re - established " per 
haps meaning after the usurpation of Ab- 
solom.] 

THE LORD reigneth ; let the 
earth rejoice : * let the mul 
titude of isles be glad thereof. 

Clouds and darkness are round 
about Him : * righteousness and 
judgment are the foundation of 
His throne. 

A fire shall go before Him, * and 
burn up His enemies round about. 

His lightnings enlightened the 
world : * the earth saw and trem 
bled. 

The hills melted like wax at 
the presence of the LORD, * at 
the presence of the Lord of the 
whole earth. 

The heavens declared His right 
eousness, * and all the people 
saw His glory. 

Confounded be all they that 
worship graven images, * and that 
boast themselves of idols. 

Worship Him, all ye His An 
gels ! * Zion heard, and was glad. 

And the daughters of Judah 
rejoiced, * because of Thy judg 
ments, O LORD ! 

For thou, LORD, art high above 
all the earth : * Thou art exalted 
far above all gods. 

Ye that love the LORD, hate evil : 
* the Lord preserveth the souls of 
His saints ; He delivereth them out 
of the hand of the wicked. 

Light is sprung up for the 



1 In I Par. (Chron.) xvi. the Psalm continues: "O give thanks unto the LORD, for 
He is good : for His mercy endureth for ever. And say ye : Save us, O God of our 
salvation, and gather us together, and deliver us from the heathen, that we may give 
thanks to Thy holy Name, and glory in Thy praise. Blessed be the LORD God of 
Israel for ever and ever. And all the people said : Amen and praised the LORD" 
possibly in Ps. cxxxv. 



ISO 



THE PSALTER. 



righteous, * and gladness for the 
upright in heart. 

Rejoice in the LORD, ye right 
eous, * and give thanks to the 
memorial of His holiness ! 

Antiphon. 1 Sing unto the LORD, 
and bless His name. 

Antiphon for Paschal time. Al 
leluia, Alleluia, Alleluia. 

Then is said a Verse and Answer. 
In Advent. 

Verse. Send forth the Lamb, O 
Lord, the ruler of the land. 

Answer. From the " Rock " of 
the wilderness unto the mount of 
the daughter of Zion. 

During the rest of the year. 
Verse. 2 Let my prayer come 
before Thee, O Lord. 

Answer. Incline Thine ear unto 
my cry. 

In Lent. 

Verse. He shall cover thee with 
His wings. 

Answer. And under His feath 
ers shalt thou trust. 

In Passion time. 

Verse. O Lord, save me from 
the lion s mouth. 

Answer. And mine affliction 
from the horns of the unicorns. 



hi Paschal time. 

Verse. The Lord is risen in 
deed, Alleluia. 

Answer. And hath appeared un 
to Simon, Alleluia. 

The rest is the same as the Second 
Nocturn on the preceding Sunday, only 
the Lessons, and sometimes the Respon- 
sories, are those of the day. [. 

1 Ps. xcv. 2. 2 Ps. Ixxxvii. 3. 

4 Ps. Ixvii. 3. 5 Ecclus. xlv. 16. 



Simple Feasts. It is to be remembered 
that when a Simple Feast is kept on 
Friday, the Invitatory and Hymn are 
of the Feast, being taken from the Com 
mon of Saints of the class, unless speci 
ally given. 

Then the Psalms and Antiphons of 
the Week-day, as given above. Then is 
said a Verse and Answer as follows : 

hi the Simple Office for one or many 
Martyrs in Paschal time. 

Verse. The everlasting light 
shall shine upon Thy Saints, O 
Lord. Alleluia. 

Answer. Even unto everlasting. 
Alleluia. 

In the Simple Office for one Martyr, 
(out of Paschal time}. 

Verse. 3 Thou hast set a crown, 
O Lord, of precious stones. 
Answer. Upon his head. 

hi the Simple Office for many Martyrs, 
(put of Paschal ti7ne\ 

Verse. 4 Let the righteous re 
joice before God. 

Answer. Yea, let them exceed 
ingly rejoice. 

In the Simple Office for a Bishop and 
Confessor. 

Verse. 5 The Lord chose him for 
a priest unto Himself. 

[fn Paschal time, add Alleluia.] 
Ansiver. To offer up unto Him 
the sacrifice of praise. 

\In Paschal time, add Alleluia.] 

In the Simple Office for a Confessor 
not a Bishop. 

Verse. 6 The mouth of the right 
eous shall speak wisdom. 

[7n Paschal time, add Alleluia.] 
Answer. And his tongue talk of 
judgment. 

[/ Paschal time, add Alleluia.] 



3 Ps. xx. 3. 

6 Ps. xxxvi. 30. 



FRIDAY AT MATTINS. 



For one Holy Woman, of whatever 
kind. 

Verse. 1 God shall give her the 
help of His countenance. 

\In Paschal time, add Alleluia.] 

Answer. God is in the midst of 
her, she shall not be moved. 

\In Paschal time, add Alleluia.] 

The others, as well as what follows, 
to the end of the Service, are taken from 
the Second Nocturn of the Office common 
to Saints of the class, unless something 
special be appointed. The Lessons are 
arranged according to the rules in Chap 
ter xx vi. 4 of the general Rubrics. 
The Hymn, "We praise Thee, O God," 
is said at the end, i?istead of a Third 
Responsory. The Responsories are ar 
ranged according to the rules in Chapter 
xx vi i . 4 of the General Rubrics. Thus : 

The Lords Prayer is said: 

OUR Father (inaudibly), Who art 
in heaven, Hallowed be Thy 
Name. Thy Kingdom come. Thy 
will be done on earth, as it is in 
heaven. Give us this day our daily 
bread. And forgive us our tres 
passes, as we forgive them that tres 
pass against us. (Aloud.} 

Verse. And lead us not into 
temptation. 

Answer. But deliver us from 
evil. 

Then this Absolution : 

IV /["AY His loving kindness and 
* mercy help us, Who liveth 
and reigneth with the Father, and 
the Holy Ghost, world without end. 
Answer. Amen. 

Then the Reader says : 

Sir, be pleased to give the bless 
ing. 



First Blessing, if the Lesson be from 
Scripture. 

God the Father, the Almighty, 
Show on us His grace and mercy. 
Answer. Amen. 

first Blessing, if the Lesson be of an 
Homily. 

May the Gospel s saving Lord 
Bless the reading of His Word. 
Answer. Amen. 

First Blessing on a Simple Feast. 

May His blessing be upon us, 
Who doth live and reign for ever. 
Answer. Amen. 

Then is read the First Lesson from 
Scripture or from the Homily, or, on a 
Simple Feast, either the First from 
Scripture, or, if the Saint or Saints 
have two Lessons, the whole three Scrip 
ture Lessons read together as one. 

Then the First Responsory, unless 
otherwise directed. On a week-day kept 
as such, this is the First Responsory of 
the preceding Sunday. On a Simple 
Feast, it is the First Responsory in the 
Common Office for the class to which 
the Saint belongs. 

Then the Reader says : 

Sir, be pleased to give the bless 
ing. 

Second Blessing, if the Lesson be of 
Scripture. 

May Christ to all His people give 
For ever in His sight to live. 
Answer. Amen. 

Seco?id Blessing, if the Lesson be from 
an Homily. 

God s most mighty strength alway 
Be His people s staff and stay. 
Answer. Amen. 



1 Ps. xlv. 5, (Alexandrian version). 



152 



THE PSALTER. 



Second Blessing, for a Simple Feast. 

He (or She or They) whose feast- 
day we are keeping 
Plead for us before the Lord. 
Answer. Amen. 

Then is read the Second Lesson, either 
from the Scripture or from an Homily, 
or, on a Simple Feast, either the Second 
and Third Lessons from Scripture read 
together as one, or, if the Saint or Saints 
have two Lessons, the first of these. 

Then the Second Responsory, unless 
otherwise directed. On a week-day kept 
as such, this is the Second Responsory 
of the preceding Sunday, but in Paschal 
time there is added to it : 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

And the Answer of the Responsory is 
repeated again. 

On a Simple Feast the Second Re 
sponsory in the Common Office for the 
class to which the Saint belongs, with the 
addition of " Glory be to the Father," 
&>c., and the repetition of the Answer. 



Then the Reader says : 

Sir, be pleased to give the bless 
ing. 

Third Blessing, if the Lesson be of 
Scripture. 

May the Spirit s fire divine 
In our inmost being shine. 
Answer. Amen. 

Third Blessing, for a Simple Feast, or 
if the Lesson be from an Homily. 

May He that is the Angels King 
To that high realm His people bring. 
Answer. Amen. 

Then is read the Third Lesson either 
from Scripture, or of the Homily, or, 
on Simple Feasts, the Second or only 
Lesson of the Saint. 

Then, on Simple Feasts and on any 
day in Paschal time is said the Hymn, 
"We praise Thee, O God." But on 
week-days kept as such out of Paschal 
time the Third Responsory of the pre 
ceding Sunday. 



153 



at | 

THE SIXTH DAY OF THE WEEK. 



All as on Sunday, except as other 
wise given here. 

The Psalms are as follows ; 
Antiphon. Uphold mine heart. 

Psalm L. 

Have mercy upon me, &c., (/. 
87). 

Antiphon. Uphold mine heart 
with Thy free spirit, O God. 

Second Antiphon. In Thy faith 
fulness. 

Psalm CXLII. 

[Intituled "A Psalm of David," and 
the Vulgate and the LXX. add, " when 
he was being persecuted by Absolom his 
son."] 

T T EAR my prayer, O LORD, 
-* * give ear to my supplication 
in Thy faithfulness : * answer me, 
in Thy righteousness. 

And enter not into judgment 
with Thy servant : * for in Thy 
sight shall no man living be jus 
tified. 

For the enemy hath persecuted 
my soul : * he hath smitten my 
life down to the ground : 

He hath made me to dwell in 
darkness, as those that have been 



long dead. * Therefore is my 
spirit overwhelmed within me : mine 
heart within me is troubled. 

I remember the days of old : 
I meditate on all thy works : * 
I muse on the works of Thine 
hands. 

I stretch forth mine hands unto 
Thee : * my soul [thirsteth] after 
Thee, as a thirsty land. 1 

Hear me speedily, O LORD : * 
my spirit faileth : 

Hide not Thy face from me, * 
lest I be like unto them that go 
down into the pit. 

Cause me to hear Thy loving- 
kindness in the morning : for 
in Thee do I trust : 

Cause me to know the way 
wherein I should walk : * for I 
lift up my soul unto Thee. 

Deliver me, O LORD, from 
mine enemies : I flee unto Thee 
to hide me. * Teach me to do 
Thy will : for Thou art my God. 

Let Thy good Spirit lead me 
into the land of uprightness. * 
For Thy name s sake, O LORD, 
Thou shalt quicken me in Thy 
righteousness. 

Thou shalt bring my soul out 
of trouble : * and of Thy mercy 
cut off mine enemies, 



1 SLH. 



154 



THE PSALTER. 



And destroy all them that af 
flict my soul : * for I am Thy 
servant. 

Antiphon. In Thy faithfulness, 
answer me, O Lord. 

Third Antiphon. O Lord. 



Psalms LXII., LXVI. 
O God, Thou art my God, &c., 



(A 



Antiphon. O Lord, cause Thy 
face to shine upon us. 

Fourth Antiphon. O LORD, I 
have heard. 

If this Antiphon be used the Can 
ticle begins ^vith the words, "Thy 
speech." 



THE SONG OF HABAKKUK THE 
PROPHET. (Hab. iii.) 

[Intituled "A prayer of Habakkuk the 
Prophet" with a direction, perhaps musi 
cal.] 



LORD, I have heard tell of 
Thee : * and was afraid : 



O 



O LORD, revive Thy work 



in 



the midst of the years ; 

In the midst of the years shalt 
Thou make it known : * in wrath, 
Thou wilt remember mercy. 

God shall come from " the 
South," * and the Holy One 
from Mount Paran. 1 



His glory covered the heavens, 

* and the earth was full of His 
praise. 

His brightness was as the light : 

* He had horns 2 coming out of 
His hand : 

There was the hiding of His 



power. 



Before Him went death. 



And the destroyer went forth 
at His feet. * He stood and mea 
sured the earth : 

He beheld, and drove asunder 
the nations : * and the everlast 
ing mountains were crushed : 

The everlasting hills did bow : * 
because the Eternal passed by. 3 

I saw the tents of Ethiopia in 
affliction : * the curtains of the 
land of Midian did tremble. 4 

Wast Thou displeased against 
the rivers, O LORD ? * was Thine 
anger against the rivers ? Thy 
wrath against the sea? 

That Thou didst ride upon 
Thine horses, * and Thy chariots 
were salvation ? 

Thou didst seize and draw Thy 
bow, * according to the oaths that 
Thou utteredst unto the tribes. 5 

Thou didst cleave the rivers of 
the earth : the mountains saw Thee 
and they trembled : * the overflow 
ing of the water passed by : 

The deep uttered his voice : * 
he lifted up his hands on high. 

The sun and moon stood still 



1 SLH. "The South" is, in the original, "Teman," the name of a country and nation 
eastward of Idumea, but used for the south generally. Paran, or Pharan, is an uncultured 
and mountainous region, lying between Arabia Petnea, Palestine, and Idumea. The pas 
sage is an imitation of the words of Moses when blessing the tribes. Deut. xxxiii. 2. " The 
LORD came from Sinai, and rose up from Seir unto them ; He stirred forth from Mount 
Paran, and He came with ten thousands of Saints : from His right hand went a fiery law 
for them." 

2 Gesenius says " Horns is here used of flashes of lightning, just as the Arabian poets 
compare the first beams of the rising sun to horns, and call the sun itself a gazelle." 

3 The present Hebrew simply is "The ways are everlasting to Him." 

4 Proper name of an Arabian nation whose territory lay from the eastern shore of the 
/Elanitic Gulf as far as the land of Moab. 5 SLH. 



FRIDAY AT LAUDS. 



155 



in their habitation : * at the light 
of Thine arrows they went forth, at 
the shining of Thy glittering spear. 

Thou didst tread down the 
land in indignation : * Thou didst 
thresh the heathen in anger. 

Thou wentest forth for the sal 
vation of Thy people, * even for 
salvation with Thine Anointed. 1 

Thou didst smite the head of 
the house of the wicked : 2 * Thou 
didst lay bare the foundation unto 
the neck. 3 

Thou didst curse his sceptre, 
even the head of his fighting men, 

* when they came out as a whirl 
wind to scatter me : 

Their rejoicing was as the re 
joicing of him * that devoureth 
the poor secretly. 

Thou didst make a way in the 
sea for Thine horses, * through 
the mire of great waters. 

I heard, and my belly trembled : 

* my lips quivered at the voice : 
Let rottenness enter into my 

bones, * and corruption swarm 
under me : 

That I may rest in the day of 
trouble : * that I may go up unto 
our people that are girded. 4 

Although the fig-tree shall not 
blossom, * neither shall fruit be 
in the vines : 

The labour of the olive shall 
fail, * and the fields shall yield 
no meat : 

The flock shall be cut off from 
the fold, * and there shall be no 
herd in the stalls : 



Yet will I rejoice in the LORD : 

* I will joy in the God of my 
salvation. 5 

The LORD God is my strength : 

* and He will make my feet like 
hinds feet : 

And He will lead me forth, to 
make me to walk upon mine high 
places, * as a conqueror, to sing 
praises unto Him. 6 

Antiphon. O LORD, I have heard 
Thy speech, and was afraid. 
Fifth Antiphon. Praise God. 

Psalms CXLVIIL, CXLIX., CL. 

Praise ye the LORD, from the 
heavens, &c., (pp. 25, 26). 

Antiphon. Praise God with the 
timbrel and dance. 

CHAPTER. (Rom. xiii. 12.) 

The night is far spent, &c., (as on 
Monday, p. 89). 

HYMN. 7 

GLORY of the eternal Heaven, 
Blessed Hope to mortals given, 
Of the Almighty Only Son, 
And the Virgin s Holy One ; 
Raise us, Lord, and we shall rise 

In a sober mood, 
And a zeal which glorifies 
Thee from gratitude. 

Now the day-star keenly glancing, 
Tells us of the sun s advancing; 
While the unhealthy shades decline, 
Rise within us, Light Divine ! 



1 Moses? " Pharaoh? 

3 SLH. Some critics read " of the rock " instead of " unto the neck." 

4 Accinctum. The Latin translator probably meant "girt," as the dead were girt, cf. 
John xi. 44. 5 Jesu Meo. So the Hebrew. 

6 This last clause seems to be only a musical direction, which has got confounded with 
the text. Some translate it : " Given to the leader of the string band." 

7 Hymn of the Ambrosian school, slightly altered ; translation by the late Card. Newman. 



156 THE PSALTER. 

Rise, and risen, go not hence, Verse. Thou hast satisfied us 

Stay and make us bright, i -.1 Th m _ rrv 

Streaming through each cleansed Carl J WltJ L h > T merC 7\ 

sense, Answer. We rejoice and are 

On the outward night. glad. 

Then the root of faith shall spread Antiphon for the Song of Zach- 

In the heart new fashioned ; arias. Through the tender mercy 

Gladsome hope shall spring above, of our God * the day-spring from on 

And shall bear the fruit of love. high hath visited 
To the Father, and the Son, 

And the Holy Ghost, Commemoration of the Cross before 

Here be glory, as is done, the other Commemorations, and Long 

By the Angelic host. Preces in Advent and Lent, and on 

Amen. Fast-days, as on Monday. 



157 



THE SABBATH. 



All as on Sunday, except as other 
wise given here. 

Invitatory. O come, let us wor 
ship * the Lord our God. 

HYMN. 1 

FATHER of mercies infinite, 
Ruling all things that be, 
Who, shrouded in the depth and height, 
Art One, and yet art Three ; 

Accept our chants, accept our tears, 
A mingled stream we pour ; 

Such stream the laden bosom cheers, 
To taste Thy sweetness more. 

Purge Thou with fire the o ercharged 
mind, 

Its sores and wounds profound; 
And with the watcher s girdle bind 

The limbs which sloth has bound. 

That they who with their chants by 
night 

Before Thy presence come, 
All may be fill d with strength and light 

From their eternal home. 

Grant this, O Father, Only Son, 

And Spirit, God of grace, 
To whom all worship shall be done 

In every time and place. 

Amen. 

Only one Nocturn is said. 
Antiphon. For the Lord. 

In Paschal time only one Antiphon is 
said for the whole Nocturn. Alleluia. 



Psalm XC VI I. 

[Intituled " A Psalm." The Vulgate and 
the LXX. ascribe it to David.] 

OSING unto the LORD a new 
song : * for He hath done 
marvellous things. 

His right hand, and His holy arm, 

* have gotten Him the victory. 
The LORD hath made known His 

salvation : * His righteousness hath 
He openly showed in the sight of 
the heathen. 

He hath remembered His mercy, 

* and His truth towards the house 
of Israel. 

All the ends of the earth have 
seen * the salvation of our God. 

Make a joyful noise unto the 
LORD, all the earth, * make a 
loud noise and rejoice, and sing 
praise. 

Sing unto the LORD with the 
harp, with the harp and the voice 
of a psalm. * With trumpets and 
sound of cornet, 

Make a joyful noise before the 
LORD, the King. * Let the sea 
roar, and the fulness thereof, the 
world and they that dwell therein. 

Let the floods clap their hands, 
let the hills be joyful together be- 



1 Another hymn of the Ambrosian school, considerably altered ; translation by the late 
Card. Newman. 



158 



THE PSALTER. 



fore the LORD. * For He cometh 
to judge the earth : 

With righteousness shall He judge 
the world, * and the people with 
equity. 

Psalm XCVIII. 

[The Vulgate and the LXX. ascribe this 
Psalm to David.] 

THE LORD reigneth, be the 
people never so impatient : * 
He sitteth upon the Cherubim, be 
the earth never so unquiet. 

The LORD is great in Zion : * 
and He is high above all people. 

Let them praise Thy great and 
terrible Name, for it. is holy: * 
and the King s majesty loveth judg 
ment. 

Thou dost establish equity : * 
Thou executest judgment and right 
eousness in Jacob. 

Exalt ye the LORD our God, and 
worship at His footstool : * for it 
is holy. 

Moses and Aaron among His 
priests, * and Samuel among them 
that call upon His name. 

They called upon the LORD, and 
He answered them. * He spake 
unto them in the cloudy pillar : 

They kept His testimonies, * 
and the ordinance that He gave 
them. 

Thou answeredst them, O LORD 
our God! * O God, Thou forgav- 
est them, though Thou tookest 
vengeance of their inventions. 

Exalt the LORD our God and 
worship at His holy hill : * for the 
LORD our God is Holy. 

Antiphon. 1 For the Lord hath 
done marvellous things. 



When the following Psalm, " Make 
a joyful noise unto God, all ye lands," 
is to be said at Lauds (as would be the 
case, for instance, if Christmas Eve fell 
on a Saturday] it is not said here, nor 
its Antiphon. But instead is said Psalm 
xci., " It is a good thing to give thanks 
unto the LORD," from the Saturday 
Lauds which are to be displaced, with 
the Antiphon, " It is a good thing * to 
give thanks unto the LORD," in which 
case the Psalm begins with the words 
" To give thanks unto the LORD." 

Second Antiphon. Make a joyful 
noise. 

Jf this Antiphon be used, the Psalm 
begins with the words, " Unto GOD, all 
ye lands." 

Psalm XCIX. 

[Intituled "A Psalm of thanksgiving." 
The Targum has " A Psalm for the Sacrifice 
of thanksgiving."] 

A/J" AKE a joyful noise unto GOD, 
-**-* all ye lands : * serve the 
LORD with gladness. 

Come before His presence, * with 
singing. 

Know ye that the LORD, He is 
God : * it is He That hath made 
us, and not we ourselves : 

We are His people, and the 
sheep of his pasture. * Enter into 
His gates with thanksgiving, and 
into His courts with praise : give 
thanks unto Him, 

Praise His Name. For the LORD 
is good, His mercy is everlasting : * 
and His truth endureth to all gen 
erations. 

Psalm C. 
[Intituled "A Psalm of David."] 

T WILL sing of mercy and judg- 
* ment, * unto Thee, O LORD ! 
I will sing and behave myself 



1 Ps. xcvii. i. 



SATURDAY AT MATTINS. 



159 



wisely in a perfect way. * O when 
wilt Thou come unto me ? 

I walked within mine house, * in 
the innocence of mine heart. 

I set no wicked thing before mine 
eyes : * I hate the work of them 
that turn aside. 

A froward heart cleaveth not 
unto me : * the wicked person that 
turned aside from me, I would not 
know. 

Whoso privily slandered his neigh 
bour, * him did I expose. 

Him that had an high look and 
a proud heart : * with him I will 
not eat. 

Mine eyes are upon the faithful 
of the land, that they may dwell 
with me : * he that walked in a 
perfect way, he ministered unto 
me. 

He that doeth proud things shall 
not dwell within mine house : * he 
that speaketh wickedness was not 
upright in my sight. 

I will early destroy all the wicked 
of the land : * that I may cut off 
all wicked doers from the city of the 
LORD. 

Antiphon. l Make a joyful noise 
unto GOD, all ye lands. 
Third Antiphon. O God. 

Psalm CI. 

[Intituled "A Prayer of the afflicted, 
when he is overwhelmed, and poureth 
out his complaint before the LORD."] 

IT EAR my prayer, O LORD, * 
^ * and let my cry come unto 
Thee. 

Hide not Thy face from me : * 
in the day when I am in trouble 
incline Thine ear unto me. 

1 Ps. 



In the day when I call upon 
Thee, * answer me speedily. 

For my days are wasted away like 
smoke : * and my bones are con 
sumed as a firebrand. 

I am smitten like grass, and mine 
heart is withered : * for I have 
forgotten to eat my bread. 

By reason of the voice of my 
groaning * my bones cleave to my 
flesh. 

I am like a pelican of the wil 
derness : * I am like an owl in his 
hole. 

I watch, * and am as a sparrow 
alone upon the house-top. 

Mine enemies reproached me 
all the day : * and they that 
praised me are sworn together 
against me. 

For I have eaten ashes like bread, 
* and mingled my drink with weep 
ing : 

Because of thine indignation and 
wrath : * for Thou hast lifted me up 
and cast me down. 

My days are like a shadow that 
declineth : * and I am withered like 
grass. 

But Thou, O LORD, endurest for 
ever, * and Thy remembrance unto 
all generations. 

Thou shalt arise and have mercy 
upon Zion : * for the time to 
favour her, yea, the set time, is 
come. 

For Thy servants take pleasure 
in her stones : * and have pity on 
her dust. 

So the heathen shall fear Thy 
name, O LORD, * and all the kings 
of the earth Thy glory. 

When the LORD shall build up 
Zion, He shall appear in His 
glory, 
xcix. I. 



i6o 



THE PSALTER. 



He hath had regard unto the 
prayer of the destitute, * and hath 
not despised their supplication. 

Let this be written for the gen 
eration to come : * and the people 
which shall be created shall praise 
the LORD. 

For He hath looked down from 
the height of His sanctuary : * 
from heaven did the LORD behold 
the earth : 

To hear the groaning of the 
prisoners, * to loose the children 
of the slain. 

To declare the name of the 
LORD in Zion, * and His praise in 
Jerusalem. 

When the people are gathered 
together, * and the kings, to serve 
the LORD. 

1 He answered him in the way 
of his strength : * Show me the 
shortness of my days. 

Call me not away in the midst of 
my days : * Thy years are unto all 
generations. 

Thou, Lord, in the beginning, 
hast laid the foundation of the 
earth : * and the heavens are the 
works of Thine hands. 

They shall perish, but Thou re- 
mainest : * and they all shall wax 
old as doth a garment : 

And as a vesture shalt Thou 
change them, and they shall be 
changed : * but Thou art the 
Same, and Thy years shall not 
fail. 

The children of Thy servants shall 
continue : * and their seed shall be 
established for ever. 



Psalm CII. 
[Intituled "of David."] 

OLESS the LORD, O my soul: * 
*-) and all that is within me, bless 
His holy name. 

Bless the LORD, O my soul, * and 
forget not all His benefits. 

Who forgiveth all thine iniquities : 
* Who healeth all thy diseases. 

Who redeemeth thy life from 
destruction : * Who crowneth thee 
with loving - kindness and tender 
mercies. 

Who satisfieth thy desire with 
good things : * thy youth is re 
newed like the eagle s. 

The LORD executeth mercy, * and 
judgment for all that are oppressed. 

He made known His ways unto 
Moses, * His will unto the chil 
dren of Israel. 

The LORD is merciful and gra 
cious : * slow to anger, and plen 
teous in mercy. 

He will not always chide : * 
neither will He keep His anger for 
ever. 

He hath not dealt with us after 
our sins : * nor rewarded us accord 
ing to our iniquities. 

For as the heaven is high above 
the earth, * so great is His mercy 
toward them that fear Him. 

As far as the east is from the 
west, * so far hath He removed our 
transgressions from us. 

Like as a father pitieth his chil 
dren, so the LORD pitieth them that 
fear Him. * For He knoweth our 
frame ; 



1 "He" may be taken for the "afflicted man" who has just given utterance to his 
hopes of a brighter future. The Hebrew, (as now pointed,) reads : " He afflicted in the 
way his (my) strength, he cut short my days." The Alexandrian translators, using an 
unpointed text, took the opening word of the clause to mean " he answered " instead 
of "he afflicted" as they might easily do, the letters being the same for either word. 
The Hebrew text itself is not quite settled. 



SATURDAY AT MATTINS. 



161 



He remembereth that we are 
dust : * as for man, his days are as 
grass, as a flower of the field so 
shall he flourish. 

For the wind passeth over it, and 
it is gone, * and the place thereof 
shall know it no more. 

But the mercy of the LORD is 
from everlasting * to everlasting 
upon them that fear Him, 

And His righteousness unto chil 
dren s children ; * to such as keep 
His covenant, 

And to those that remember His 
commandments, * to do them. 

The LORD hath prepared His 
throne in heaven, * and His king 
dom shall rule over all. 

Bless the LORD, all ye His 
Angels, * that excel in strength, 
that do His commandments, to 
hearken unto the voice of His 
word. 

Bless ye the LORD, all ye His 
hosts : * ye ministers of His that 
do His pleasure. 

Bless the LORD, all His works : 
* in all places of His dominion ; 
bless the LORD, O my soul ! 

Antiphon. l O God, let my cry 
come unto Thee. 

Fourth Antiphon. Bless the 
LORD. 

If this Antiphon be used the Psalm 
begins with the words, " O my soul." 

Psalm CIII. 

[The Vulgate and the LXX. ascribe this 
Psalm to David.] 

13 LESS the LORD, O my soul : * 
P O LORD my God, Thou art 
very great ! 

Thou art clothed with honour and 

1 Ps. ci. i. 2 So 

VOL. iv. 



majesty, * covering Thyself with 
light as with a garment ! 

Who stretchest out the heavens 
like a curtain, * Who coverest their 
upper chambers with the waters ! 

Who makest the clouds Thy 
chariot, * Who walkest upon the 
wings of the wind ! 

Who makest Thine Angels spi 
rits : * and Thy ministers a flame 
of fire ! 2 

Who layest the foundations of the 
earth ; * it shall not be removed for 
ever ! 

Thou coveredst it with the deep 
as with a garment, * the waters 
stood above the mountains. 

At Thy rebuke they fled : * at 
the voice of Thy thunder they hasted 
fearfully away. 

The mountains go up, and the 
valleys go down, * into the place 
which Thou hast founded for them. 

Thou hast set a bound, that 
they may not pass over : * that 
they turn not again to cover the 
earth. 

Who sendeth springs into the 
valleys : * the waters run among 
the hills. 

All the beasts of the field drink 
thereof: * the wild asses seek them 
in their thirst. 

By them build the fowls of the 
heaven their habitation ; * they sing 
among the rocks. 

He watereth the hills from His 
upper chambers : * the earth is 
satisfied with the fruit of Thy 
works. 

He causeth the grass to grow for 
the cattle, * and herb for the service 
of men : 

That Thou mayest bring forth 
food out of the earth, * and wine 
is this passage translated, Heb. i. 7. 

F 



1 62 



THE PSALTER. 



that maketh glad the heart of 
man ; 

Oil to make his face to shine, * 
and bread to strengthen man s 
heart. 

The trees of the field are filled 
[with sap], the cedars of Lebanon 
also, which He hath planted : 
there the birds make their nests. 

The stork s nest is the highest 
among them : * the high hills are a 
refuge for the wild goats, and the 
rocks for the conies. 

He hath appointed the moon for 
seasons : * the sun knoweth his 
going down. 

Thou makest darkness, and it is 
night : * wherein all the beasts of 
the forest do come forth. 

The young lions roar after their 
prey, * and seek their meat from 
God. 

The sun ariseth, and they gather 
themselves together : * and lay 
them down in their dens. 

Man goeth forth unto his work, 

* and to his labour, until the even 
ing. 

O LORD, how manifold are Thy 
works ! in wisdom hast Thou 
made them all : the earth is full of 
Thy riches. 

So is this great and wide sea : 

* wherein are things creeping in 
numerable. 

Both small and great beasts : * 
there go the ships ; 

There is that Leviathan whom 
Thou hast made to play with him : 

* these all wait upon Thee, that 
Thou mayest give them their meat 
in due season. 

That thou givest them, they 
gather : * when Thou openest Thine 
hand, they are all filled with good. 



Thou hidest Thy face, they are 
troubled : * Thou takest away their 
breath, they die, and return to their 
dust. 

Thou sendest forth Thy spirit, 
and they are created : * and Thou 
renewest the face of the earth. 

Let the glory of the LORD endure 
for ever ! * the LORD shall rejoice in 
His works. 

He looketh on the earth and 
maketh it to tremble : * He touch- 
eth the mountains and they smoke. 

I will sing unto the LORD as long 
as I live : * I will sing praise to my 
God while I have my being. 

My meditation of Him shall be 
sweet : * I will be glad in the 
LORD. 

Let the sinners be consumed out 
of the earth, and let the wicked be 
no more : * bless thou the LORD, O 
my soul ! 1 

Psalm CIV. 

[The first fifteen verses of this Psalm 
are found in a slightly different edition in 
I Par. (Chron.) xvi. as the first part of a 
Psalm given by David to Asaph and his 
brethren, on the day that the ark was 
brought to Jerusalem. The rest is our 
present Psalm xcv., which see with the 
notes, p. 148. The Vulgate and the LXX. 
prefix "Alleluia."] 

OGIVE thanks unto the LORD, 
and call upon His name : * 
make known His deeds among the 
heathen. 

Sing unto Him, and sing psalms 
unto Him : * talk ye of all His 
wondrous works. 

Glory ye in His holy name : * 
let the heart of them rejoice that 
seek the LORD. 

Seek the LORD, and be strong : 
* seek His face evermore. 



Alleluia " is here appended in the Hebrew. 



SATURDAY AT MATTINS. 



I6 3 



Remember His marvellous works 
that He hath done: * His won 
ders and the judgments of his 
mouth. 

O ye seed of Abraham, His ser 
vant, * ye children of Jacob His 
chosen ! 

He is the LORD our God : * His 
judgments are in all the earth. 

He hath remembered His cove 
nant for ever, * the word which 
He commanded to a thousand gen 
erations 

[The covenant] that He made 
with Abraham : * and His oath 
unto Isaac. 

And He confirmed the same 
unto Jacob for a law, * and to 
Israel for an everlasting covenant. 

Saying : Unto thee will I give 
the land of Canaan, * the lot of 
your inheritance. 

When they were but a few men 
in number, * very few, and strangers 
in it. 

And they went from one nation 
to another, * and from one king 
dom to another people. 

He suffered no man to do them 
wrong : * yea, He reproved kings 
for their sakes. 

Touch not Mine anointed, * and 
do My prophets no harm. 1 

Moreover He called for a famine 
upon the land : * and brake the 
whole staff of bread. 

He sent a man before them : * 
Joseph was sold for a servant : 

Whose feet they hurt with fetters, 
the iron entered into his soul. * 
Until his word came, 

The word of the LORD tried 
him : * the king sent and loosed 
him ; even the ruler of the people, 
and let him go free. 



He made him lord of his house, 

* and ruler of all his substance. 

To instruct his princes at his 
pleasure, * and teach his elders 
wisdom. 

Israel also came into Egypt, * 
and Jacob sojourned in the land 
of Ham. 

And He increased His people 
greatly : * and made them stronger 
than their enemies. 

He turned their heart to hate 
His people, * and to deal subtilly 
with his servants. 

He sent Moses His servant, * 
and Aaron whom He had chosen. 

He showed signs among them, 

* and wonders in the land of 
Ham. 

He sent darkness and made it 
dark : * He made not His words, 
of none effect. 

He turned their waters into 
blood, * and slew their fish. 

Their land brought forth frogs, * 
in the chambers of their kings , 

He spake, and there came divers 
sorts of flies, * and lice in all their 
coasts. 

He gave them hail for rain, * 
flaming fire in their land. 

He smote their vines also and 
their fig-trees, * and brake the trees 
of their coasts. 

He spake, and the locust came, 
and the caterpillar, * without 
number, 

And ate up all the herb in their 
land, * and devoured all the fruit 
of their ground. 

He smote also all the first-born 
in their land, * the chief of all 
their travail. 

He brought them forth also with 
silver and gold : * and there was 



1 Here ends the portion found in I Par. (Chron.) xvi. 22. 



164 



THE PSALTER. 



not one feeble person among their 
tribes. 

Egypt was glad when they de 
parted : * for the fear of them fell 
upon them. 

He spread a cloud for a cover 
ing, * and fire to give light in the 
night. 

They asked, and the quail came, 
* and He satisfied them with the 
bread of heaven. 

He opened the rock and the 
waters gushed out, * the rivers 
ran through the dry places. 

For He remembered His holy 
promise, * that He made unto 
Abraham His servant. 

And He brought forth His people 
with joy, * and His chosen with 
gladness. 

And gave them the lands of the 
heathen, * and they inherited the 
labour of the peoples. 

That they might observe His 
statutes, * and keep His laws. 

[Here the Hebrew adds "Alleluia."] 

Antiphon. l Bless the LORD, O 
my soul ! 

Fifth Antiphon. Visit us. 

Psalm CV. 
[Superscribed "Alleluia."] 

OGIVE thanks unto the LORD, 
for He is good : * for His 
mercy endureth for ever. 

Who can utter the mighty acts 
of the LORD ? * who can show 
forth all His praise ? 

Blessed are they that keep judg 
ment, * and they that do righteous 
ness at all times. 

Remember us, O LORD, with 

1 Ps. 



the favour that Thou showest unto 
Thy people : * O visit us with 
Thy salvation : 

That I may see the good of Thy 
chosen, that I may rejoice in the 
gladness of Thy people, * that 
Thou mayest be praised in Thine 
inheritance. 

We have sinned with our fathers : 
* we have done wickedly, we have 
committed iniquity. 

Our fathers considered not Thy 
wonders in Egypt : * they remem 
bered not the multitude of Thy 
mercies, 

But provoked Him when they 
went up unto the sea, * even the 
Red Sea. 

Nevertheless He saved them for 
His name s sake, * that He might 
make His mighty power to be 
known. 

He rebuked the Red Sea also, 
and it was dried up : * and He 
led them through the depths as 
through the wilderness. 

And He saved them from the 
hand of them that hated them, * 
and redeemed them from the hand 
of the enemy. 

And the waters covered their 
enemies : * there was not one of 
them left. 

And they believed His words : 

* and sang His praise. 

They soon forgot His works : * 
and waited not for His counsel. 

And lusted exceedingly in the 
wilderness : * and tempted God 
in the desert. 

And He gave them their request, 

* and sent fulness into their soul. 
They provoked Moses also in the 

camp, * and Aaron, the saint of the 
LORD. 

cii. I. 



SATURDAY AT MATTINS. 



I6 5 



The earth opened and swallowed 
up Dathan, * and covered the com 
pany of Abiram. 1 

And a fire was kindled in their 
assembly, * the flame burned up 
the wicked. 

2 They made a calf also in 
Horeb, * and worshipped the 
graven image. 

Thus they changed their Glory * 
into the similitude of a calf that 
eateth grass. 

They forgat God their Saviour, 
* Who had done great things in 
Egypt, wondrous works in the land 
of Ham, terrible things by the Red 
Sea. 

Therefore He said that He would 
cut them off, * had not Moses His 
chosen stood before Him in the 
breach, 

To turn away His wrath, lest 
He should destroy them : * yea, 
they despised the pleasant land ; 

They believed not His words : 
but murmured in their tents : * 
they hearkened not unto the voice 
of the LORD. 

He also lifted up His hand 
against them, * to overthrow them 
in the wilderness. 



To overthrow their seed also 
among the nations, * and to scat 
ter them in the lands. 

They joined themselves also unto 
Baal-peor, 3 * and ate the sacrifices 
of the dead. 

And they provoked Him to 
anger with their inventions : * and 
the carcasses lay thick among 
them. 

Then stood up Phinehas and 
made a propitiation : * and the 
plague was stayed. 

And that was counted unto him 
for righteousness, * unto all genera 
tions for evermore. 

They angered Him also at the 
waters of " Provocation," 4 * so 
that it went ill with Moses for 
their sakes ; because they provoked 
his spirit ; 

So that he spake unadvisedly with 
his lips. 5 * They did not destroy 
the nations concerning whom the 
LORD commanded them : 6 

And they were mingled among 
the heathen, and learned their 
works, and served their idols : * 
and it became a snare to them. 

Yea, they sacrificed their sons 
* and their daughters unto devils. 



1 Numbers xvi. They tried to stir up a rebellion against Moses and Aaron, upon 
levelling principles, "and the earth opened her mouth and swallowed them up," while 
some of their partizans were consumed by a fire which issued from the sanctuary. 

2 For the well-known history of the golden calf, see Exod. xxxii. 

3 /.<?., "the Lord of Mount Peor," an idol of the Moabites. The whole history of this 
lapse of the Israelites, and how Phinehas stopped the plague by killing one pair of 
the transgressors, is in Numbers xxv. "And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying: 
Phinehas, the son of Eleazar, the son of Aaron the Priest, hath turned My wrath 
away from the children of Israel. . . . Behold, I give unto him My covenant of 
peace; and he shall have it, and his seed after him, even the covenant of an everlasting 
Priesthood. " 

4 Meribah. See note on Ps. xciv., p. 3. 

5 Numbers xx. 10. "And Moses . . . said unto them: Hear now, ye rebels, must 
we fetch you water out of this rock?" v. 12. "And the LORD spake unto Moses 
and Aaron : Because ye believed Me not, to sanctify Me in the eyes of the children 
of Israel, therefore ye shall not bring this congregation into the land which I have 
given them." 

6 In Judges i. 21 to the end, is a long list of the districts of idolaters whom they left in 
Canaan and among whom they lived. 



1 66 



THE PSALTER. 



And shed innocent blood, * even 
the blood of their sons and of their 
daughters, whom they sacrificed unto 
the idols of Chanaan : 

And the land was polluted with 
blood. They were defiled also 
with their own works, * and went 
a whoring with their own inven 
tions. 

Therefore was the wrath of the 
LORD kindled against His people, 

* and He abhorred His own in 
heritance. 

And He gave them into the hand 
of the heathen : * and they that 
hated them ruled over them. 

Their enemies also oppressed 
them, and they were brought into 
subjection under their hand. * 
Many times did He deliver them, 

But they provoked Him with 
their counsel, * and they were 
brought low for their iniquity. 

But He regarded their affliction, 

* and heard their cry. 

And He remembered His cove 
nant, * and repented according to 
the multitude of His mercies. 

He made them also to be pitied 
f of all those that carried them 
captives. 

Save us, O LORD our God, * 
and gather us from among the 
nations ! 

To give thanks unto Thy holy 
Name, * and to triumph in Thy 
praise. 

Blessed be the LORD God of 
Israel from everlasting to everlast 
ing : * and let all the people say : 
Amen, Amen. 

[The Hebrew adds "Alleluia," which 
the Vulgate and the LXX. prefix to 
the next Psalm. Here ends the fourth 
of the five books into which the Psalter 
is divided.] 



Psalm CVI. 

OGIVE thanks unto the LORD, 
for He is good : * for His 
mercy endureth for ever. 

Let the redeemed of the LORD 
say so, whom He hath redeemed 
from the hand of the enemy : * 
and gathered them out of the 
lands, 

From the rising of the sun and 
from the setting thereof, * from 
the north and from the south. 

They wandered in the wilderness 
in a dry land : * they found no 
pathway to a city to dwell in : 

Hungry and thirsty, * their soul 
fainted in them. 

Then they cried unto the LORD 
in their trouble; * and He de 
livered them out of their distresses. 

And He led them forth by the 
right way, * that they might go 
to a city to dwell in. 

O that men would praise the 
LORD for His goodness : * and for 
His wonderful works to the children 
of men ! 

For He satisfieth the longing 
soul : * and filleth the hungry soul 
with goodness. 

Such as sit in darkness and in 
the shadow of death, * being bound 
in affliction and iron. 

Because they rebelled against the 
words of God, * and contemned the 
counsel of the Most High. 

Therefore their heart was brought 
down with labour : * they fell down, 
and there was none to help. 

Then they cried unto the LORD 
in their trouble : * and He de 
livered them out of their distresses. 

And He brought them out of 
darkness and the shadow of death : 
* and brake their bands in sunder. 



SATURDAY AT MATTINS. 



I6 7 



O that men would praise the 
LORD for His goodness : * and 
for His wonderful works to the 
children of men ! 

For He hath broken the gates 
of brass, * and cut the bars of iron 
in sunder. 

He saved them from the way 
of their transgression : * for they 
were afflicted because of their in 
iquities. 

Their soul abhorred all manner 
of meat : * and they drew near even 
unto the gates of death. 

Then they cried unto the LORD 
in their trouble : * and He de 
livered them out of their dis 
tresses. 

He sent His word and healed 
them, * and delivered them from 
their straits. 

O that men would praise the 
LORD for His goodness : * and for 
His wonderful works to the children 
of men ! 

Yea, let them sacrifice the sacri 
fice of thanksgiving, * and declare 
His works with rejoicing. 

They that go down to the sea 
in ships, * and do business in great 
waters ; 

These see the works of the LORD, 
* and His wonders in the deep. 

He commandeth, and the stormy 
wind riseth, * and the waves thereof 
are lifted up. 

They mount up to the heaven, 
and go down again to the depths : 
* their soul is melted because of 
trouble. 

They reel to and fro, and stagger 
like a drunken man, * and are at 
their wits end. 

Then they cry unto the LORD 
in their trouble, * and He delivereth 
them out of their distresses. 



And He maketh the storm a 
calm, * and the waves thereof are 
still. 

And they are glad because [the 
breakers] be quiet : * so He 
bringeth them unto their desired 
haven. 

O that men would praise the 
LORD for His goodness : * and for 
His wonderful works to the children 
of men ! 

Let them exalt Him also in the 
congregation of the people, * and 
praise Him in the assembly of the 
elders. 

He turneth the rivers into a 
wilderness, * and the water-springs 
into dry ground ; 

A fruitful land into a salt desert, 
* for the wickedness of them that 
dwell therein. 

He turneth the wilderness into a 
standing-water, * and dry ground 
into water-springs. 

And there He maketh the hungry 
to abide, * and they prepare a city 
to dwell in : 

And sow the fields, and plant 
vineyards, * and bring forth fruits 
of increase. 

He blesseth them also, and they 
are multiplied greatly : * and He 
suffereth not their cattle to decrease. 

Again they are minished, * and 
brought low, through oppression, 
affliction, and sorrow. 

He poureth contempt upon prin 
ces, * and He causeth them to 
wander in the wilderness, and in 
the land where there is no way. 

Yet helpeth He the poor from 
affliction, * and maketh him fami 
lies like a flock. 

The righteous shall see it and 
rejoice : * and all iniquity shall stop 
her mouth. 



i68 



THE PSALTER. 



Who is wise, and will observe 
these things ? * even he shall un 
derstand the loving-kindness of the 
LORD. 

Antiphon. l Visit us with Thy 
salvation, O LORD. 

Sixth Antiphon. I will greatly 
praise. 

Psalm CVII. 

[Intituled "A Song. A Psalm of David." 
It is a compilation of Ps. Ivi. 8-12, and 
Ps. lix. 6-14.] 

MINE heart is ready, O God, 
mine heart is ready : * I 
will sing and give praise, even with 
my glory. 

Awake up, my glory, awake, 
psaltery and harp ! * I will awake 
right early. 

I will praise Thee, O LORD, 
among the people : * and sing unto 
Thee among the nations. 

For Thy mercy is great above the 
heavens : * and Thy truth unto the 
clouds. 

Be Thou exalted, O God, 
above the heavens, and let Thy 
glory be above all the earth : * 
2 that Thy beloved may be de 
livered : 

Save with Thy right hand and 
hear me. * God hath spoken in 
His holiness : 

I will rejoice, and divide She- 
chem, * and mete out the valley of 
booths. 

Gilead is mine ; and Manasseh 
is mine : * Ephraim also is the 
strength of mine head : 

Judah is my King : * Moab is 
the vessel [of the triumph] of mine 
hope. 



Over Edom will I cast out my 
shoe : * over the " Strangers " have 
I triumphed. 

Who will bring me into the strong 
city? * who will lead me into 
Edom ? 

Wilt not Thou, O God, Who 
hast cast us off? * and wilt not 
Thou go forth with our armies, 
O God? 

Give us help from trouble : * for 
vain is the help of man. 

Through God we shall do val 
iantly : * and He it is That shall 
tread down our enemies. 



Psalm CVII I. 

[Intituled "A Psalm of David," with a 
superscription, probably musical, but now 
uncertain.] 

TTOLD not Thy peace, O God 
* of my praise : * for the 
mouth of the wicked, and the 
mouth of the deceitful are opened 
against me : 

They have spoken against . me 
with a lying tongue : they com 
passed me about also with words of 
hatred : * and fought against me 
without a cause. 

In return for my love they were 
mine adversaries : * but I gave 
myself unto prayer. 

And they have rewarded me evil 
for good, * and hatred for my love. 

Set Thou a wicked man over 
him : * and let the devil stand at 
his right hand. 

When he is judged, let him go 
forth condemned : * and let his 
prayer become sin. 

Let his days be few ; * and let 
another take his office. 



1 Ps. cv. 4. 

2 Here begins the extract from Ps. lix. See that Psalm and notes on it, p. 112. 



SATURDAY AT MATTINS. 



169 



Let his children be fatherless, * 
and his wife a widow. 

Let his children be continually 
vagabonds, and beg : * and let 
them be driven out of their dwell 
ings. 

Let the extortioner catch all that 
he hath : * and let the stranger spoil 
his labour. 

Let there be none to extend 
mercy unto him : * and let there 
be none to have pity on his little 
ones. 

Let his posterity be cut off: * in 
one generation let their name be 
blotted out. 

Let the iniquity of his fathers be 
remembered before the LORD : * 
and let not the sin of his mother be 
blotted out. 

Let them be before the LORD 
continually, and let their memory 
be cut off from the earth. * Be 
cause that he remembered not to 
show mercy, 

But persecuted the poor and 
needy man, * and the broken in 
heart, that he might slay him. 

As he loved cursing, so let it 
come unto him : * as he delighted 
not in blessing, so let it be far 
from him : 

As he clothed himself with curs 
ing, like as with a garment, * so 
let it come into his bowels like 
water, and like oil into his bones. 

Let it be unto him as the gar 
ment which covereth him, * and 
for a girdle wherewith he may be 
girded continually. 

Let this be the reward of mine 
adversaries from the LORD : * and 
of them that speak evil against my 
soul. 

And do Thou for me, O LORD, 

1 Ps. 
VOL. IV. 



for Thy name s sake, O Lord, * 
because Thy mercy is good. 

Deliver Thou me, for I am 
poor and needy : * and mine heart 
is wounded within me. 

I am gone like the shadow when 
it declineth : * and tossed up and 
down as the locust. 

My knees are weak through 
fasting : * and my flesh faileth 
of fatness. 

I became also a reproach unto 
them : * they looked upon me, 
and shaked their heads. 

Help me, O LORD my God ! * 
O save me according to Thy 
mercy. 

That they also may know that 
this is Thine hand : * and Thou, 
LORD, hast done it ! 

Let them curse, but bless Thou : 
* when they arise against me let 
them be ashamed : but let Thy 
servant rejoice. 

Let mine adversaries be clothed 
with shame : * and let them be 
covered with their own confusion 
as with a mantle. 

I will greatly praise the LORD 
with my mouth : * yea, I will 
praise Him among the multitude. 

For He standeth at the right 
hand of the poor, * to save my 
soul from them that persecute me. 

Antiphon. l l will greatly praise 
the LORD with my mouth. 

Antiphon in Paschal time. Al 
leluia, Alleluia, Alleluia. 

Then is said a Verse and Answer. 
In Advent. 

Verse. The LORD cometh out of 
His holy place. 

cviii. 30. 

F 2 



THE PSALTER. 



Answer. He will come and save 
His people. 

During the rest of the year. 

Verse. l Hear my prayer, O 
LORD. 

Answer. And let my cry come 
unto Thee. 

In Lent. 

Verse. .His truth shall be thy 
shield. 

Answer. Thou shalt not be 
afraid for the terror by night. 

In Passion time. 

Verse. Take not away my soul 
with sinners, O God. 



Answer. Nor my life with bloody 
men. 

In Paschal time. 

Verse. The disciples were glad, 
Alleluia. 

Answer. When they saw the Lord, 
Alleluia. 

The rest is the same as the Third 
Nocturn of the preceding Sunday, ex 
cept necessary differences. The Lessons 
are those of the day. The Responsories 
are arranged according to the rules in 
Chapter xxvii. 4, 5, of the General 
Rubrics. 

No Festal Office, can occur, except 
that of the Immaculate Conception of 
the Blessed Virgin Mary. 



Ps. ci. 2. 



at 

THE SABBATH. 



All as on Sunday, except as otherwise 
given here. 

The Psalms are as follows : 
Antiphon. Do good. 

Psalm L. 

Have mercy upon me, &c., (/. 
87). 

Antiphon. Do good, O Lord, in 
Thy good pleasure. 

Second Antiphon. It is a good 
thing. 

If this Antiphon be used the Psalm 
begins with the words, "To give 
thanks." 

Psalm XCI. 

[Intituled "A Psalm. A Song for the 
Sabbath Day."] 

TT is a good thing to give thanks 
-^ unto the LORD, * and to sing 
praises unto Thy name, O Most 
High! 

To show forth Thy loving-kind 
ness in the morning, * and Thy 
faithfulness in the night; 

Upon an instrument of ten 
strings : * upon the harp with a 
solemn sound. 

For Thou, LORD, hast made me 



glad through Thy work : * and I 
will triumph in the works of Thine 
hands. 

O LORD, how great are Thy 
works ! * Thy thoughts are very 
deep. 

A brutish man knoweth not : * 
neither doth a fool understand this. 

When the wicked spring up like 
grass : * and when all the workers 
of iniquity are seen, 

It is that they may be destroyed 
for ever : * but Thou, LORD, art 
Most High for evermore. 

For, lo, Thine enemies, O LORD, 
for, lo, Thine enemies shall perish : 
* and all the workers of iniquity 
shall be scattered. 

But mine horn shall be exalted 
like the horn of an unicorn : * and 
mine old age shall be crowned with 
Thy mercy. 1 

Mine eye also shall look upon 
mine enemies : * and mine ear shall 
hear of the wicked that rise up 
against me. 

The righteous shall flourish like 
the palm tree : * he shall grow like 
a cedar in Lebanon. 

Those that are planted in the 
house of the LORD, * in the courts 
of the house of our God shall 
flourish. 



Hebrew : " I am anointed with fresh oil." 



172 



THE PSALTER. 



They shall still bring forth fruit 
in old age : * they shall flourish, 
to declare : 

That the LORD our God is up 
right : * and that there is no un 
righteousness in Him. 

Antiphon. It is a good thing to 
give thanks unto the LORD. 

Third Antiphon. Let all the 
ends. 

Psalms LXIL, LXVI. 

O God, Thou art my God, &c., 
(A 23). 

Antiphon. Let all the ends of 
the earth fear the Lord. 

Fourth Antiphon. Ascribe ye 
greatness. 

THE SONG OF MOSES. (Deut. xxxii.) 

[Deut. xxxi. 28: "Gather unto me," 
(said Moses) "all the elders of your tribes, 
and your officers, that I may speak these 
words in their ears, and call heaven and 
earth to record against them. For I know 
that after my death ye will utterly corrupt 
yourselves and turn aside from the way 
which I have commanded you ; and evil 
will befall you in the latter days ; because 
ye will do evil in the sight of the LORD, to 
provoke Him to anger through the work of 
your hands. And Moses spake in the ears 
of all the congregation of Israel the words 
of this song, until they were ended : "] 



IVE ear, O ye heavens, and I 
will speak ; * and hear, O 
earth, the words of my mouth. 

My teaching shall drop as the 
rain, * my speech shall distil as the 
dew; 

As the small rain upon the 
tender herb, and as the showers 
upon the grass : * because I will 
proclaim the name of the LORD. 

Ascribe ye greatness unto our 
God. * The works of God are 



perfect : and all His ways are judg 
ment : 

A God of truth, and without 
iniquity, just and right is He. * 
They have sinned against Him, 
and by their defilement they are 
not His children : 

They are a perverse and crooked 
generation. * Do ye thus requite 
the LORD, O foolish people and 
unwise ? 

Is not He thy Father? * That 
hath bought thee, and made thee, 
and created thee ? 

Remember the days of old, * 
consider generation after genera 
tion : 

Ask thy father, and he will show 
thee * thine elders, and they will 
tell thee. 

When the Most High divided 
the nations, * when He separated 
the sons of Adam, 

He set the bounds of the people 

* according to the number of the 
children of Israel. 

For the LORD S portion is His 
people : * Jacob is the lot of his 
inheritance. 

He found him in a desert land, 

* in the waste and howling wilder 
ness : 

He led him about and instructed 
him, * and kept him as the apple 
of His eye. 

As the eagle that stirreth up her 
young to fly, * and fluttereth over 
them, 

So spread He abroad His wings, 
and took him, * and bore him on 
His pinions ; 

The LORD alone did lead him, 

* and there was no strange god 
with him. 

He made him ride upon the 
high places of the earth, * that 



SATURDAY AT LAUDS. 



173 



he might eat the increase of the 
fields : 

And He made him to suck 
honey out of the rock, * and oil 
out of the flinty rock : 

Butter of kine, and milk of 
sheep, * with fat of lambs and 
rams of the breed of Bashan : 

And goats, with the fat of wheat, 

* and to drink the pure blood of 
the grape. 

The "Beloved" 1 waxed fat, and 
kicked : * he was waxen fat, he 
was grown plump, he was covered 
with fatness : 

He forsook God That made him, 

* and departed from the God of 
his salvation. 

They provoked Him to jealousy 
with strange gods, * and with 
abominations provoked they Him 
to anger. 

They sacrificed unto devils, and 
to things that were no gods, * to 
gods whom they knew not, 

New gods that came newly up, 

* whom their fathers feared not. 
The God That begat thee hast 

thou forsaken, * and hast forgotten 
God That formed thee. 

When the LORD saw it, He was 
roused to anger, * because of the 
provoking of His sons and of His 
daughters. 

And He said : I will hide My 
face from them, * and see what 
their end shall be : 

For they are a very froward 
generation, * children in whom is 
no faith. 

They have moved Me to jealousy 
with that which is not God, * and 
provoked Me to anger with their 
vanities : 



And I will move them to jealousy 
with those who are not a people, 

* and provoke them to anger with 
a foolish nation. 

A fire is kindled in Mine anger, 

* and shall burn unto the lowest 
hell, 

And shall consume the earth with 
her increase, * and set on fire the 
foundations of the mountains. 

I will heap mischiefs upon them, 

* and will spend Mine arrows upon 
them. 

They shall be wasted with hun 
ger, * and the birds of the air 
shall prey on them with a very 
grievous devouring : 

I will send the teeth of beasts 
upon them, * with the poison of 
serpents creeping in the dust. 

The sword without and terror 
within shall destroy * both the 
young man and the virgin, the 
suckling with the man of grey 
hairs. 

I said : Where are they ? * I 
will make the remembrance of 
them to cease among men : 

But I forbore because of the 
wrath of the enemy, * lest their 
adversaries should triumph, 

And lest they should say : Our 
high hand, and not the LORD, * 
hath done all this. 

They are a nation void of coun 
sel, neither is there any under 
standing in them. * O that they 
were wise, and that they understood 
this, and would consider their latter 
end! 

How should one chase a thou 
sand, * and two put ten thousand 
to flight ! 

Except their God had sold them, 



1 Jeshurun but that this pet-name of the Israelite people means "Beloved" is not 
now reckoned certain. 



174 



THE PSALTER. 



* and the LORD had delivered them 
up ! 

For their gods are not as our 
God, * even our enemies them 
selves being judges. 

Their vine is of the vine of 
Sodom, * and of the fields of Go 
morrah : 

Their grapes are grapes of gall, 

* and their clusters are bitter : 
Their wine is the poison of 



If I whet My glittering sword, 
* and Mine hand take hold on 
judgment ; 

I will render vengeance to Mine 
enemies, * and will requite them 
that hate Me. 

I will make Mine arrows drunk 
with blood, * and My sword shall 
devour flesh ; 

With the blood of the slain * and 
of the captives, and of the despoiled 



dragons, * and the cruel venom of chief of the enemy. 

asps. Rejoice with His people, ye 

Is not this laid up in store with nations : * for He will avenge the 
Me, * and sealed up among My 
treasures ? 

To Me belongeth vengeance, 
and I will repay in due time, * to 
make their foot to slide. 

The day of their calamity is at 
hand, * and the things that shall 
come upon them make haste. 

The LORD shall judge His people, 
* and take pity on His servants, 

When He seeth that their hand 
is weakened, * and there is none 
shut up and left, and that they heavens, &c. 
that remained are consumed. 

And He shall say : Where are 
their gods, * in whom they trusted ? loud cymbals. 

Of whose sacrifices they did eat 
the fat, * and drank the wine of 
their drink-offerings? 

Let them rise up, and help you, 



blood of His servants, 

And will render vengeance to 
their adversaries, * and will be 
merciful unto the land of His 
people. 

Antiphon. Ascribe ye greatness 
unto our God. 

Fifth Antiphon. Praise God. 

Psalms CXLVIIL, CXLIX., CL. 

Praise ye the LORD from the 
25, 26). 

Antiphon. Praise God upon the 



CHAPTER. (Rom. xiii. 12.) 
The night is far spent, &c., (as 



* and be your protection in the on Mond W P- 8 9>- 



time of need. 

See now that I, even I, am 
He, * and there is no god with 
Me: 

I kill, and I make alive : I wound 
and I heal : * neither is there any 
that can deliver out of Mine hand. 

I will lift up Mine hand to 
heaven, and say : * I live for ever. 



HYMN. 1 

T^HE dawn is sprinkled o er the sky, 

The day steals softly on ; 
Its darts are scattered far and nigh, 
And all that fraudful is, shall fly 

Before the brightening sun ; 
Spectres of ill, that stalk at will, 

And forms of guilt that fright, 
And hideous sin, that ventures in 

Under the cloak of night. 



1 Hymn of the Ambrosian school, considerably altered ; translation by the late Card. 
Newman. 



SATURDAY AT LAUDS. 



175 



And of our crimes the tale complete, 

Which bows us in Thy sight, 
Up to the latest, they shall fleet, 
Out-told by our full numbers sweet, 

And melted by the light. 
To Father, Son, and Spirit, One, 

Whom we adore and love, 
Be given all praise, now and always, 

Here as in Heaven above. 

Amen. 



Verse. Thou hast satisfied us 
early with Thy mercy. 



Answer. We rejoice and are glad. 

Antiphon for the Song of Zacha- 
rias. Give light, O Lord, * unto 
them that sit in darkness, and guide 
our feet into the way of peace, O 
Thou God of Israel ! 

Commemoration of the Cross before 
the others, and Long Preces in Ad 
vent and Lent, and on Fast-days, 
except the Eves of Christmas and 
Pentecost. 



1/6 



VESPERS, OR EVENSONG. 1 



Swtlrag. 

THE LORD S DAY. 



As it was in the beginning, is now, 
and ever shall be, world without end. 
Amen. Alleluia. 



At the beginning of Vespers the 
Lord s Prayer and the Angelic Salu 
tation are said inaudibly. 

OUR Father, Who art in heaven, 
Hallowed be Thy Name. 
Thy kingdom come. Thy will be 
done on earth, as it is in heaven. 
Give us this day our daily bread. 
And forgive us our trespasses, as 
we forgive them that trespass against 
us. And lead us not into tempta 
tion ; but deliver us from evil. 
Amen. 

TJAIL, Mary, full of grace; The 
Lord is with thee : blessed 
art thou among women, and blessed 
is the fruit of thy womb, JESUS. 

Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray 
for us sinners, now, and at the hour 
of our death. Amen. 

Then is said aloud: 

Verse. >| Make haste, O God, 
to deliver me. 

Answer. Make haste to help 
me, O LORD. 

Glory be to the Father, and to 
the Son, and to the Holy Ghost. 



From Septuagesima Sunday to 
Maundy Thursday i?istead of "Alle 
luia" is said: 

Ceaseless praise to Thee be given, 
O Eternal King of heaven. 

Then follow the Psalms. They are 
said under Five Antiphons, except in 
Paschal time when there is only one, 
and when these are not specially given, 
those given here are used. 

Antiphon. The LORD said. 

If this Antiphon be used the Psalm 
begins with the words "Unto my 
Lord." 



Antiphon for Paschal time. 
leluia. 

Psalm CIX. 



Al- 



[Intituled "A Psalm of David." The 
first verse was quoted by our Lord. Matth. 
xxii. 44 ; Mark xii. 36 ; Luke xx. 42.] 

THE LORD said unto my Lord : 
* Sit Thou at My right hand, 
Until I make Thine enemies * 
Thy footstool. 

The LORD shall send the rod of 
Thy strength out of Zion : * rule 
Thou in the midst of Thine ene 
mies. 



1 The proper hour for Vespers is sunset, reckoned to be about 6 P.M. In private 
recitation, they ought not usually to be begun before noon. 



VESPERS, OR EVENSONG. 



177 



Thine shall be the dominion in 
the day of Thy power, amid the 
brightness of the saints : * from the 
womb, before the day-star have I 
begotten Thee. 

The LORD hath sworn, and will 
not repent : * Thou art a Priest for 
ever after the order of Melchisedek. 

The Lord at Thy right hand * 
shall strike through kings in the 
day of His wrath. 

He shall judge among the hea 
then, He shall fill the places with 
dead bodies : * He shall wound the 
heads over many countries. 

He shall drink of the brook in 
the way : * therefore shall he lift 
up his head. 

Antiphon. The LORD said unto 
my Lord : * Sit Thou at My right 
hand. 

Second Antiphon. All His com 
mandments. 



covenant. * He will show His 
people the power of His works, 

That He may give them the 
heritage of the heathen. * The 
works of His hands are verity and 
judgment : 

All His commandments are sure ; 
they stand fast for ever and ever, * 
being done in truth and uprightness. 

He sent redemption unto His 
people : He hath commanded His 
covenant for ever : 

Holy and terrible is His Name. 

* The fear of the LORD is the be 
ginning of wisdom : 

A good understanding have all 
they that do His commandments : 

* His praise endureth for ever. 

Antiphon. X A11 His command 
ments are sure ; they stand fast for 
ever and ever. 

Third Antiphon. In His com 
mandments. 



Psalm CX. 

[The Hebrew prefixes "Alleluia," and 
begins, "I will praise the LORD." The 
Psalm is A B C Darian.] 

T WILL praise Thee, O LORD, 
* with my whole heart : * in the 
assembly of the upright, and in the 
congregation. 

The works of the LORD are great, 
* meet to serve for the doing of 
His will. 

His work is honourable and glo 
rious, * and His righteousness en 
dureth for ever. 

He hath made a memorial of 

His wonderful works : the LORD 

is gracious and full of compassion. 

He hath given meat unto them 

that fear Him : 

He will ever be mindful of His 

1 Ps. 



Psalm CXI. 

[The Hebrew prefixes "Alleluia." The 
Vulgate adds to the superscription "on the 
return of Haggai and Zechariah [from the 
Captivity]." See Thursday, fifth week in 
November. The Psalm is A B C Darian.] 

BLESSED is the man that fear- 
eth the LORD : * that de- 
lighteth greatly in His command 
ments. 

His seed shall be mighty upon 
earth ; * the generation of the up 
right shall be blessed. 

Glory and riches shall be in his 
house : * and his righteousness en 
dureth for ever. 

Unto the upright there ariseth 
light in the darkness : he is 

gracious, and full of compassion, 
and righteous, 
ex. 8. 



THE PSALTER. 



Happy is the man that showeth 
favour and lendeth ; he will guide 
his words with discretion : * surely 
he shall not be moved for ever : 

The righteous shall be in ever 
lasting remembrance. * He shall 
not be afraid of evil tidings : 

His heart is ready, trusting in the 
LORD. His heart is established, * 
he shall not be afraid until he see 
his desire upon his enemies. 

He hath dispersed, he hath given 
to the poor : his righteousness en- 
dureth for ever : * his horn shall 
be exalted with honour. 

The wicked shall see it, and be 
grieved; he shall gnash his teeth, 
and melt away : * the desire of 
the wicked shall perish. 

Antiphon. In His command 
ments he delighteth greatly. 

Fourth Antiphon. Blessed be the 
Name. 

Psalm CXI I. 
[The Hebrew prefixes "Alleluia."] 



the LORD, O ye His 
servants, * praise the Name 
of the LORD. 

Blessed be the Name of the 
LORD, * from this time forth, and 
for evermore ! 

From the rising of the sun unto 
the going down of the same, * the 
LORD S Name is to be praised. 

The LORD is high above all 
nations, * and His glory above the 
heavens. 

Who is like unto the LORD our 
God, Who dwelleth on high, * 
and beholdeth what is lowly in 
heaven, and in the earth ? 

He raiseth up the poor out of 



the dust, * and lifteth the needy 
out of the dung-hill ; 

That He may set him with 
princes, * even with the princes 
of His people. 

He maketh the barren woman 
to keep house, * and to be a joy 
ful mother of children. 

[The Hebrew adds " Alleluia," which 
the Vulgate and the LXX. prefix to the 
next Psalm.] 

Antiphon. Blessed be the Name 
of the LORD for evermore. 

Fifth Antiphon. We that live. 



Psalm CXIII. 

V\ rHEN Israel went out of Egypt, 
* * * the house of Jacob from 
a people of strange language, 

Judah was His sanctuary, * and 
Israel His dominion. 

The sea saw it and fled : * Jor 
dan was driven back. 

The mountains skipped like rams, 

* and the little hills like lambs. 
What ailed thee, O thou sea, 

that thou fleddest? * and thou 
Jordan, that thou wast driven back ? 

Ye mountains, that ye skipped 
like rams? * and ye little hills, 
like lambs? 

The earth trembled at the pres 
ence of the Lord, * at the presence 
of the God of Jacob : 

Who turned the rock into a 
standing water, * and the flint into 
a fountain of waters. 1 

Not unto us, O LORD, not unto us : 

* but unto Thy Name give glory, 
For Thy mercy, and for Thy 

truth s sake. * Wherefore should 
the heathen say : Where is now 
their God ? 



1 In the Hebrew here ends Ps. cxiv. and the next words begin cxv. 



VESPERS, OR EVENSONG. 



179 



But our God is in the heavens : 
* He hath done whatsoever He 
hath pleased. 

The idols of the heathen are 
silver and gold, * the work of 
men s hands. 

They have mouths, but they 
speak not : * eyes have they, but 
they see not. 

They have ears, but they hear 
not : * noses have they, but they 
smell not : 

They have hands, but they handle 
not : feet have they, but they walk 
not : * neither speak they through 
their throat. 

May they that make them be 
like unto them : * even every one 
that trusteth in them. 

The house of Israel trusteth 
in the LORD : * He is their help 
and their shield. 

The house of Aaron trusteth in 
the LORD : * He is their help and 
their shield. 

They that fear the LORD trust 
in the LORD : * He is their help 
and their shield. 

The LORD hath been mindful of 
us, * and blessed us : 

He hath blessed the house of Is 
rael : * He hath blessed the house 
of Aaron. 

He hath blessed them that fear 
the LORD, * both small and 
great. 

The LORD increase you more 
and more, * you and your chil 
dren. 

Ye are blessed of the LORD, * 
Who made heaven and earth. 

The heaven of heavens is the 
LORD S : * but the earth hath He 
given to the children of men. 



The dead shall not praise Thee, 
O LORD, * neither all they that go 
down into the grave. 

But we that live bless the LORD, 
* from this time forth for evermore. 

[The Hebrew adds "Alleluia."] 

Antiphon. We that live bless the 
LORD. 

Antiphon for Paschal time. Alle 
luia, Alleluia, Alleluia. 

Here follows the Chapter. When a 
special one is not giveti, the following is 
used: 

CHAPTER. (2 Cor. i. 3.) 

BLESSED be God, even the 
Father of our Lord JESUS 
Christ, the Father of mercies, and 
the God of all comfort, Who com- 
forteth us in all our tribulation. 
Answer. Thanks be to God. 

This Answer is always made after 
the Chapter. 

Then follows the Hymn. When a 
special one is not given, the following 
is used: 

HYMN. 1 

P ATHER of Lights, by Whom each 
" day 

Is kindled out of night, 
Who, when the heavens were made,. 

didst lay 

Their rudiments in light ; 
Thou, Who didst bind and blend in one 
The glistening morn and evening pale r 
Hear Thou our plaint, when light is 

gone, 
And lawlessness and strife prevail. 

Hear, lest the whelming weight of crime 
Wreck us with life in view ; 

Lest thoughts and schemes of sense 

and time 
Earn us a sinner s due. 



1 Hymn of the Ambrosian school, very slightly altered ; translation by the late Card. 
Newman. 



i8o 



THE PSALTER. 



So may we knock at Heaven s door, 
And strive the immortal prize to win, 
Continually and evermore 
Guarded without and pure within. 

Grant this, O Father, Only Son, 

And Spirit, God of grace, 
To Whom all worship shall be done 

In every time and place. 

Amen. 

Then is said a Verse and Answer. 
If a special one is not given, the follow 
ing is used: 

Verse. * Let my prayer, O Lord, 
be set forth. 

Ansiver. As incense before 
Thee. 

Then is said the following Canticle 
from the Gospel. It has an Antiphon 
which is always special, and which is 
either begun or said through the first 
time before it, according as the Office is 
Double or not. 

THE SONG OF THE BLESSED VIRGIN 
MARY. (Luke i. 46.) 

1V/TY soul * doth magnify the 
*** Lord : 

And my spirit hath rejoiced * in 
God my Saviour. 

For He hath regarded the low 
liness of His handmaiden : * for, be 
hold, from henceforth all generations 
shall call me blessed. 

For He That is Mighty hath done 
to me great things : * and holy is His 
name. 

And His mercy is on them that 
fear Him, * from generation to gen 
eration. 

He hath showed strength with 
His arm : * He hath scattered the 
proud in the imagination of their 
heart 

He hath put down the mighty 



from their seat, * and exalted them 
of low degree. 

He hath filled the hungry with 
good things, * and the rich He hath 
sent empty away. 

He hath holpen His servant Is 
rael, * in remembrance of His 
mercy : 

As He spake to our fathers, * 
to Abraham, and to his seed for 
ever. 

The Hymn, " Glory be to the Father, 
&c.," is said, and then the Antiphon re 
peated. 

Then is said: 

Verse. Hear my prayer, O LORD. 
Answer. And let my cry come 
unto Thee. 

Let us pray. 

Then follows the Prayer for the day, 
at the end of which is answered; 

Answer. Amen. 

Afterwards are made any Commemo 
rations necessary, by the Antiphon for 
the Song of the Blessed Virgin, the Verse 
and Answer after the Hymn, and the 
Prayer, (preceded by " Let us pray,") 
from the stiperseded Office which is to 
be commemorated. After which the fol 
lowing Common Commemorations are 
made, if required, according to Chapter 
xxxv. of the General Rubrics. 

When more than two Prayers are to 
be said, the last clattse of each (beginning 
"Through our Lord, &c.," or "Who 
livest, c.") is omitted in all except the 
first and the last, nor is " Amen " an 
swered except after these two. 

(Note that if these Commemorations, 
with the exception of those of St Joseph, 
and SS. Peter and Paul, be said upon 
a week-day, kept as such, out of Paschal 
time, they are preceded by the Commem 
oration of the Cross, given hereafter at 
the end of the Lauds of Monday.} 



Ps. cxl. 2. 



VESPERS, OR EVENSONG. 



181 



I. Commemoration of the Blessed 
Virgin Mary. 

(This Commemoration is omitted if 
the Office of the day be of the Blessed 
Virgin, or if her Little Office is to be 
said.) 

Antiphon. O Holy Mary, be thou 
an help to the helpless, a strength to 
the fearful, a comfort to the sorrow 
ful ; pray for the people, plead for 
the clergy, make intercession for all 
women vowed to God ; may all that 
keep thine holy remembrance, feel 
the might of thine assistance. 

Verse. Pray for us, O holy Mother 
of God. 

Answer. That we may be made 
worthy of the promises of Christ. 

Let us pray. 

ANT, we beseech Thee, O 
Lord God, unto all Thy ser 
vants, that they may continually 
enjoy soundness both of mind and 
body, and by the glorious inter 
cession of the Blessed Mary, always 
a Virgin, may be delivered from 
present sadness, and enter into the 
joy of Thine eternal gladness. 

From the Octave of the Epiphany to 
Candlemas, the Antiphon is the same, 
but the rest is as follows : 

Verse. After thy delivery thou 
still remainest a Virgin undefiled. 

Answer. Mother of God, pray 
for us. 

Let us pray. 

GOD, Who, by the fruitful vir- 
ginity of the Blessed Mary, 
hast given unto mankind the rewards 
of everlasting life ; grant, we beseech 
Thee, that we may continually feel 



the might of her intercession, through 
whom we have worthily received the 
Author of our life, our Lord JESUS 
Christ Thy Son. 

II. Commemoration of St Joseph, 
Patron of the Universal Church. 

(Omitted in the Votive Office of St 
Joseph.} 

Antiphon. 1 Behold a faithful and 
wise servant whom his Lord hath 
made ruler over His household. 

Verse. 2 Glory and riches shall 
be in his house. 

Answer. And his righteousness 
endureth for ever. 

Let us pray. 

GOD, Who, in Thine unspeak- 
able foreknowledge, didst 
choose Thy blessed servant Joseph 
to be the husband of Thine Own 
most holy Mother; mercifully 
grant that now that he is in heaven 
with Thee, we who on earth do 
reverence him for our defender, 
may worthily be holpen by the 
succour of his prayers to Thee 
on our behalf. 



III. Commemoration of the Holy 
Apostles, Peter and Paul. 

(Omitted in the Votive Office of the 
Apostles.) 

Antiphon. Peter the Apostle, 
and Paul the Teacher of the Gen 
tiles, have taught us Thy law, O 
Lord. 

Verse. 3 Thou shalt make them 
princes over all the earth. 

Answer. They shall be mindful 
of Thy Name, O Lord. 



1 Matth. xxiv. 45, 



2 Ps. cxi. 3. 



3 Ps. xliv. 17, 1 8. 



1 82 THE PSALTER. 



O 



Let us pray. the deep of the sea, when he suf- 

GOD, Whose Right Hand fered shipwreck; graciously hear 

caught the Blessed Peter us and rant > for the sake of them 

when he walked upon the water, both > that we also ma y attam unto 

and began to sink, and thrice de- everlasting glory. 

livered his fellow-Apostle Paul from 



1 In England, by a special rule in this case, is made 

Commemoration of St George, Patron of England. 

Antiphon. The Saints through faith subdued kingdoms, wrought 
righteousness, obtained promises. 

Verse. O LORD, Thou hast compassed him. 
Answer. With Thy favour as with a shield. 

Let us pray. 

OGOD, Who dost gladden us through the worthy deeds and prayers 
of Thy blessed Martyr George; mercifully grant that all they 
which seek Thy favour through him, may effectually obtain the gift of 
Thy grace. 

(A?id thus it is said within the Octave.} 

In the Diocese of Hexham St George is not commemorated, but instead the following 
commemoration is made of St Cuthbert : 

Antiphon. Holy Cuthbert, our Protector, grace and glory of our father 
land, look down upon us from Heaven, and pray God for us, that He grant 
us everlasting joy. 

Verse. At the prayers of Blessed Cuthbert and for his sake, 

Answer. Be merciful unto Thy people, O Lord. 

Let us pray. 

GOD, Who, through the priceless gift of Thy grace, dost make 
Thine holy ones glorious, mercifully grant, that the prayers of Thy 
Blessed Confessor and Bishop Cuthbert may help us worthily there to 
attain, where are the spirits of just men made perfect. 

In the Diocese of Northampton the following commemoration of St Thomas of 
Canterbury is made before that of St George : 

Antiphon. I am the Good Shepherd, and know My sheep, and am 
known of Mine, and I lay down My life for the sheep. 
Verse. In your patience 
Answer. Possess ye your souls. 

Let us pray. 

GOD, in defence of Whose Church the glorious Bishop Thomas 
fell by the swords of wicked men, grant, we beseech Thee, that all 
that ask his help may obtain wholesome fruit of their petition. 



VESPERS, OR EVENSONG. 183 

For Peace. Let us pray. 

Antiphon. Give peace in our r~\ GOD, from Whom all holy 

time, O Lord, because there is ^-^ desires, all good counsels, 

none other that fighteth for us, and all just works do proceed ; 

but only Thou, O our God. give unto Thy servants that peace 

Verse. Peace be within thy which the world cannot give, that 

walls. both our hearts may be set to 

Answer. And prosperity within obey Thy commandments, and also 

thy palaces. that by Thee we being defended 



In the Diocese of Plymouth the following commemoration of St Boniface of Maintz is 
made before that of St George : 

Antiphon. Many nations, many thousands of men, did Blessed Boniface 
gain for Christ, and forasmuch as he made himself like unto an Apostle 
he hath purchased unto himself a great reward in Heaven along with 
the Apostles. 

Verse. Be strong in the Lord, be strong. 

Answer. That ye may live for ever with God. 

Let us pray. 

GOD, Who wast pleased to make the zeal of Thy Blessed Martyr 
and Bishop Boniface the mean whereby Thou didst cause many 
peoples to know Thy Name, mercifully grant unto us who honour his 
memory to be feelingly holpen by the succour of his protection. 

(And so it is said within the Octave?} 

In the Diocese of Portsmouth the following commemoration of St Edmund of Canter 
bury is made after that of St George : 

Antiphon. He loved righteousness and hated . iniquity, and therefore 
he died in exile. 

Verse. Cast out upon a world of woes, 

In exile here we roam. 

Answer. O Blessed Edmund, by thy prayers, 
Gain us the love of home. 

Let us pray. 

OGOD, Who in the abundance of Thy goodness toward Thy Church 
hast made her bright by the illustrious life of Thy blessed Confessor 
and Bishop Edmund, and gladdened her by his glorious and wondrous 
works, mercifully grant unto Thy servants that they may be bettered in 
following after his ensample, and shielded by his protection from all 
things that may rise up against them. 



184 



THE PSALTER, 



from the fear of our enemies, may 
pass our time in rest and quiet 
ness. Through our Lord JESUS 
Christ, Thy Son, Who liveth and 
reigneth with Thee, in the unity 
of the Holy Ghost, one God, 
world without end. 
Answer. Amen. 

From the Monday after Low Sunday 
till Rogation Tuesday, instead of the 
preceding Commemorations, is said the 
following: 

Paschal Commemoration of the 
Cross. 

(Omitted in the Votive Offices of 
the Blessed Sacrament, and of the 
Passion.) 

Antiphon. JESUS, our trium 
phant Head, 

On the Cross s transom dread 

The Hands of power and mercy 
spread 

That brake the prison of the 
dead. Alleluia. 

Verse. Say among the heathen 
Alleluia. 

Answer. That the LORD reign 
eth from the tree, 1 Alleluia. 

Let us pray. 

OGOD, Who didst send Thy 
Son to suffer death for us 
upon the Cross, that Thou might- 
est deliver us from the power of 
the enemy ; grant unto us Thy 
servants to be made partakers of 
His Resurrection. Through the 
Same our Lord JESUS Christ Thy 
Son, Who liveth and reigneth with 
Thee in the unity of the Holy 
Ghost, one God, world without end. 
Answer. Amen. 



After the last Prayer is said: 

Verse. Hear my prayer, O LORD. 
Answer. And let my cry come 
unto Thee. 

Verse. Bless we the Lord. 
Answer. Thanks be to God. 

Then is said hi rather a low voice : 

May the souls of the Faithful, 

through the mercy of God, rest in 
peace. 

Answer. Amen. 

Then, unless Compline follow, the 
Lords Prayer inaudibly : 

OUR Father, Who art in heaven, 
Hallowed be Thy Name. 
Thy kingdom come. Thy will be 
done on earth, as it is in heaven. 
Give us this day our daily bread. 
And forgive us our trespasses, as we 
forgive them that trespass against us. 
And lead us not into temptation ; 
but deliver us from evil. Amen. 

Note. When Office is said in Choir, 
the service is ended with the Antiphon 
of the Blessed Virgin Mary every time 
the Choir is left. Otherwise it is only 
said as given in this book, after Lauds, 
(or the aggregation of which Lauds 
forms a part} and Compline. When 
ever it is said, except after Compline, it 
is preceded by; 

Verse. *J* The Lord give us His 
peace. 

Answer. And life everlasting. 
Amen. 

Ij the Office of the Dead follow im 
mediately, the above prayer for the 
Faithful departed, and the " Our Fa 
ther," are omitted. 

Feasts. The above Office, appointed 
for Sunday, is also, speaking in a gen 
eral sense, used on all Feasts above the 
rank of Simples. 



1 Ps. xcv. 10, old version. 



VESPERS, OR EVENSONG. 



I8 5 



JHonfcag. 

THE SECOND DAY OF THE WEEK. 

All as on Sunday, except as otherwise 
given here. 

The Psalms are as follows ; 

Antiphon. The Lord hath in 
clined. 

In Paschal time only one Antiphon 
is said, Alleluia. 

Psalm CXIV. 

[The Vulgate and the LXX. prefix "Al 
leluia."] 

T AM well pleased, because the 
-*- LORD hath heard * the voice 
of my supplication : 

Because He hath inclined His ear 
unto me, * therefore will I call upon 
Him all my days. 

The sorrows of death compassed 
me : * and the straits of hell found 
me : 

Sorrow and trouble did I find. 

* Then called I upon the name of 
the LORD : 

LORD, deliver my soul. * Gra 
cious is the LORD, and righteous : 
yea, our God is merciful. 

The LORD preserveth the simple : 

* I was brought low and He helped 
me. 

Return unto thy rest, O my soul : 

* for the LORD hath dealt bountifully 
with thee. 

For He hath delivered my soul 
from death, * mine eyes from tears, 
and my feet from falling. 

1 will walk before the LORD * in 
the land of the living. 

Antiphon. x The Lord hath in 
clined His ear unto me. 



Second Antiphon, I believed. 

If this Antiphon be used the Psalm 
begins with the words, " Therefore have 
I spoken." 

Psalm CXV. 

[In the Hebrew this Psalm is a continua 
tion of the last. The Vulgate and the LXX. 
prefix "Alleluia."] 

I BELIEVED, therefore have I 
spoken : * but I was greatly 
afflicted. 

I said in my haste : * All men 
are liars. 

What shall I render unto the 
LORD * for all His benefits toward 
me? 

I will take the cup of salvation, 

* and call upon the name of the 
LORD. 

I will pay my vows unto the LORD 
in the presence of all His people. 

* Precious in the sight of the LORD 
is the death of His Saints. 

LORD, truly I am Thy servant : 

* I am Thy servant, and the son of 
Thine handmaid : 

Thou hast loosed my bonds. * I 
will offer to Thee the sacrifice of 
thanksgiving, and will call upon the 
name of the LORD. 

1 will pay my vows unto the LORD, 
in the presence of all His people : * 
in the courts of the LORD S house, in 
the midst of thee, O Jerusalem ! 

[Here the Hebrew appends "Alle 
luia," which the Vulgate and the LXX. 
prefix to the next Psalm.] 

Antiphon. I believed, therefore 
have I spoken. 

Third Antiphon. O praise. 

If this Antiphon be tfsed the Psalm 
begins with the words, " The LORD." 



Ps. cxiv. 2. 



1 86 



THE PSALTER. 



Psalm CXVI. 

PRAISE the LORD, all ye 
nations : * praise Him, all 
ye people. 

For His merciful kindness is great 
toward us : * and the truth of the 
LORD endureth for ever. 

[Here the Hebrew appends " Alle 
luia," which the Vulgate and the LXX. 
prefix to the next Psalm.] 

Antiphon. O praise the LORD, 
all ye nations. 

Fourth Antiphon. I cried. 

Psalm CXIX. 

[This is the first of the "Songs of De 
grees," or "Gradual Psalms." See note 
to Ps. cxxix., p. 91.] 

TN my distress I cried unto the 
-- LORD, * and He heard me. 

Deliver my soul, O LORD, from 
lying lips, * and from a deceitful 
tongue. 

What shall be given unto thee, or 
what shall be done unto thee, * thou 
false tongue ? 

Sharp arrows of the mighty, * with 
hot burning coals. 

Woe is me ! that my sojourn is 
long : I dwell with the dwellers of 
Kedar. 1 * My soul hath long dwelt 
as an exile 

W T ith them that hate peace. I 
was peaceable : * when I spoke 
unto them, they fought against me 
without a cause. 

Antiphon. 2 1 cried, and He heard 
me. 

Fifth Antiphon. From whence 
cometh. 



Psalm CXX. 

[Also a Song of Degrees.] 

T WILL lift up mine eyes unto the 

* hills, * from whence cometh 
mine help. 

Mine help cometh from the LORD, 

* Who made heaven and earth. 

He will not suffer thy feet to be 
moved : * He That keepeth thee 
will not slumber. 

Behold, He That keepeth Israel 
shall neither slumber nor sleep. 

The LORD is thy keeper : the 
LORD is thy shade * upon thy right 
hand. 

The sun shall not smite thee by 
day, * nor the moon by night. 

The LORD shall keep thee from 
all evil : * the Lord shall keep thy 
soul. 

The LORD shall keep thy coming 
in and thy going out, * from this 
time forth and for evermore. 

Antiphon. 3 From whence cometh 
mine help. 

Antiphon in Paschal time. Alle 
luia, Alleluia, Alleluia. 

HYMN. 4 

LORD of unbounded space, 
Who, lest the sky and main 
Should mix, and heaven should lose its 

place, 
Didst the rude waters chain ; 

Parting the moist and rare, 
That rills on earth might flow 

To soothe the angry flame, whene er 
It ravens from below ; 

Pour on us of Thy grace 

The everlasting spring, 
Lest our frail steps renew the trace 

Of the ancient wandering. 



1 Properly "Black-skin." This was the name of a son of Ishmael, and of an Arabian 
tribe sprung from him. 2 Ps. cxix. I. 3 Ps. cxx. I. 

4 Hymn of the Ambrosian school, almost unchanged ; translation by the late Card. 
Newman. 



VESPERS, OR EVENSONG. 



I8 7 



May faith in lustre grow, 
And rear her star in heaven, 

Paling all sparks of earth below 
Unquenched by damps of even. 

Grant it, O Father, Son, 

And Holy Spirit of grace. 
To Whom be glory, Three in One, 

In every time and place. 

Amen. 

Antiphonfor the Song of the Blessed 
Virgin. My soul doth magnify the 
Lord, * for God hath regarded my 
lowliness. 

After the repetition of the Antiphon 
after the Song of the Blessed Virgin, on 
the Week-days of Advent and Lent, the 
Ember Days, a?id all Vigils which are 
Fasts, except Christmas Eve and the 
Eve and Ember Days of Pentecost, all 
kneel down, and the following prayers, 
called the Preces, are said: 

Kyrie eleison. 

Answer. Christe eleison. 

Kyrie eleison. 

Then the Lords Prayer is said aloud. 

OUR Father, Who art in heaven, 
Hallowed be Thy Name. Thy 
kingdom come. Thy will be done 
on earth, as it is in heaven. Give 
us this day our daily bread. And 
forgive us our trespasses, as we 
forgive them that trespass against 
us. And lead us not into tempta 
tion. 

Answer. But deliver us from 
evil. 

Verse. I said : LORD, be merci 
ful unto me. 

Answer. Heal my soul, for I 
have sinned against Thee. 

Verse. Return, O LORD, how 
long? 

Answer. And let it repent Thee 
concerning Thy servants. 



Verse. Let Thy mercy, O LORD, 
be upon us. 

Answer. According as we hope 
in Thee. 

Verse. Let Thy priests be clothed 
with righteousness. 

Answer. And let Thy Saints 
shout for joy. 

Verse. O LORD, save the King. 

Answer. And hear us in the day 
when we call upon Thee. 

Verse. O Lord, save Thy people, 
and bless Thine inheritance. 

Answer. And govern them, and 
lift them up for ever. 

Verse. Remember Thy congre 
gation. 

Answer. Which Thou hast pur 
chased of old. 

Verse. Peace be within thy 
walls. 

Answer. And prosperity within 
thy palaces. 

Verse. Let us pray for the Faith 
ful departed. 

Answer. O Lord, grant them 
eternal rest, and let the everlasting 
light shine upon them. 

Verse. May they rest in peace. 

Answer. Amen. 

Verse. Let us pray for our absent 
brethren. 

Answer. O Thou, my God, save 
Thy servants that trust in Thee. 

Verse. Let us pray for the sorrow 
ful and the captive. 

Answer. Redeem them, O God 
of Israel, out of all their troubles. 

Verse. O Lord, send them help 
from the sanctuary. 

Answer. And strengthen them 
out of Zion. 

Verse. Hear my prayer, O 
LORD. 

Answer. And let my cry come 
unto Thee. 



i88 



THE PSALTER. 



Psalm L. 

Have mercy upon me, O God, 
&c, (/. 87). 

Glory be to the Father, and to the 
Son, and to the Holy Ghost. 

As it was in the beginning, is now, 
and ever shall be, world without end. 
Amen. 

Verse . Turn us again, O LORD 
God of Hosts. 

Answer. And cause Thy face to 
shine, and we shall be saved. 

Verse. Arise, O Christ, and help 
us. 

Answer. And deliver us for Thy 
Name s sake. 

Verse. Hear my prayer, O LORD. 

Answer. And let my cry come 
unto Thee. 

Let us pray. 
Here follows the Prayer of the Day. 

A II proceeds to the end of the service as 
on Sunday, except that when Suffrages 
are said, the following is said before the 
Commemoration of the Blessed Virgin 
Mary. 

Commemoration of the Cross. 

(Omitted in the Offices of the Blessed 
Sacrament, and of the Passion.} 

Antiphon. Through Thy Cross s 
holy sign, JESUS, guard this soul of 
mine, from my ghostly enemy. 

Verse. Let all the earth worship 
Thee, and sing unto Thee. 

Answer. Let them sing praises to 
Thy name, O Lord. 



Thou hast vouchsafed to redeem by 
the tree of the Holy Cross. 

Simple Feasts. If the Vespers of a 
Simple Feast be kept on a Monday, the 
Office is of the Feast, from the Chapter 
inclusive. 



O 



Let us pray. 

LORD, we beseech Thee, keep 
us in continual peace, whom 



Eueiefoag* 

THE THIRD DAY OF THE WEEK. 

All as on Sunday, except as otherwise 
given here. 

The Psalms are as follows : 
Antiphon. Let us go. 

In Paschal time only one Antiphon is 
said, Alleluia. 

Psalm CXXI. 
[Intituled "A Song of Degrees, of David."] 

T WAS glad when they said unto 
1 me : * Let us go into the house 
of the LORD. 

Our feet have been wont to stand 

* within thy gates, O Jerusalem ! 
Jerusalem is builded as a city * 

that is compact together : 

Whither the tribes go up, the 
tribes of the LORD, * the testimony 
of Israel, to give thanks unto the 
name of the LORD. 

For there are set thrones for judg 
ment, * the thrones for the house of 
David. 

Pray for the peace of Jerusalem : 

* they shall prosper that love thee. 
Peace be within thy walls, * and 

prosperity within thy palaces. 

For my brethren and companions 
sakes, * I will now say Peace be 
within thee ! 

Because of the house of the LORD 
our God, * I will seek thy good. 



VESPERS, OR EVENSONG. 



189 



Antiphon. Let us go with glad 
ness into the house of the LORD. 

Second Antiphon. O Thou That 
dwellest. 

Psalm CXXII. 
[Intituled "A Song of Degrees."] 

UNTO Thee lift I up mine eyes, 
* O Thou That dwellest in 
the heavens ! 

Behold, as the eyes of servants * 
look unto the hand of their masters, 

As the eyes of a maiden unto 
the hand of her mistress : * so 
our eyes look unto the LORD our 
God, until that He have mercy 
on us. 

Have mercy upon us, O LORD, 
have mercy upon us : * for we are 
exceedingly filled with contempt. 

Our soul is exceedingly filled 
* with the scorning of those that 
are at ease, and with the con 
tempt of the proud. 

Antiphon. O Thou That dwell 
est in the heavens, have mercy 
upon us. 

Third Antiphon. Our help. 

Psalm CXXII I. 

[Intituled "A Song of Degrees," to which 
the Hebrew and the Targum add " of 
David," but this ascription of authorship 
-does not occur in the Vulgate or the LXX.] 

TF it had not been the LORD 
* Who was on our side now 
may Israel say * if it had not 
been the LORD Who was on our 
side, 

When men rose up against us : 
* then they had swallowed us up 
-quick, 

When their wrath was kindled 

1 Ps. cxxiii. 8. 



against us : * then the waters had 
overwhelmed us, 

The stream had gone over our 
soul : * then the overwhelming- 
waters had gone over our soul. 

Blessed be the LORD, * Who hath 
not given us as a prey to their teeth. 

Our soul is escaped as a bird * 
out of the snare of the fowlers : 

The snare is broken, * and we 
are escaped. 

Our help is in the name of the 
LORD, * Who made heaven and 
earth. 

Antiphon. 1 Our help is in the 
name of the LORD. 

Fourth Antiphon. Do good, O 
LORD. 

Psalm CXXIV. 
[Intituled " A Song of Degrees."] 



that trust in the LORD 
shall be as Mount Zion : * 
he that dwelleth in Jerusalem 
shall never be moved. 

The mountains are round about 
Jerusalem : * and the LORD is 
round about His people, from 
henceforth, and for ever. 

For the Lord will not suffer 
the rod of the wicked to rest upon 
the lot of the righteous : * lest 
the righteous put forth their hands 
unto iniquity. 

Do good, O LORD, to the good, 
* and to them that are upright in 
their hearts. 

As for such as turn aside unto 
their crooked ways, the LORD 
shall lead them forth with the 
workers of iniquity : peace be 
upon Israel ! 

Antiphon. Do good, O LORD, 



190 



THE PSALTER. 



to the good, and to them that are 
upright in their hearts. 

Fifth Antiphon. We were like. 

Psalm CXXV. 
[Intituled "A Song of Degrees."] 

A XTHEN the LORD turned again 
* * the captivity of Zion, * we 
were like them that come again 
from sickness. 

Then was our mouth filled with 
laughter, * and our tongue with 
singing. 

Then said they among the hea 
then : * The LORD hath done great 
things for them. 

The LORD hath done great things 
for us : * whereof we are glad. 

Turn again our captivity, O 
LORD, * as the streams in the 
south. 

They that sow in tears * shall 
reap in joy. 

They go forth weeping, * sow 
ing their seed ; 

They shall doubtless come again 
with rejoicing, * bringing their 
sheaves with them. 

Antiphon, We were like them 
that come again from sickness. 

Antiphon in Paschal time. Al 
leluia, Alleluia, Alleluia. 



HYMN. 1 

LL-BOUNTIFUL Creator, Who, 
When Thou didst mould the 



A 

world, didst drain 
The waters from the mass, that so 
Earth might immovable remain ; 

That its dull clods it might transmute 
To golden flowers in vale or wood, 
To juice of thirst-allaying fruit, 
And grateful herbage spread for food ; 



Wash Thou our smarting wounds and 

hot, 

In the cool freshness of Thy grace ; 
Till tears start forth the past to blot, 
And cleanse and calm Thy holy place, 

Till we obey Thy full behest, 

Shun the world s tainted touch and 

breath, 

Joy in what highest is and best, 
And gain a spell to baffle death. 

Grant it, O Father, Only Son, 
And Holy Spirit, God of grace, 
To Whom all glory, Three in One, 
Be given in every time and place. 

Amen. 

Antiphon for the Song of the 
Blessed Virgin. Let my spirit re 
joice * in God my Saviour. 

Commemoration of the Cross before 
the other general Commemorations, and 
Long Preces at certain times as on 
Monday. 

Simple Feasts. If the Vespers of a 
Simple Feast be kept on a Tuesday, the 
Office is of the Feast from the Chapter 
inclusive. 



THE FOURTH DAY OF THE WEEK. 

All as on Sunday, except as otherwise 
given here. 

The Psalms are as follows : 
Antiphon. He shall not be 
ashamed. 

In Paschal time only one Antiphon 
is said, Alleluia. 

Psalm CXXVI. 

[Intituled "A Song of Degrees, of Solo 
mon." The LXX. omits the ascription to 
Solomon.] 

T7XCEPT the LORD build the 
house, * they labour in vain 
that build it : 



1 Hymn of the Ambrosian school, hardly altered ; translation by the late Card. Newman, 



VESPERS, OR EVENSONG. 



Except the LORD keep the city, 

* the watchman waketh but in 
vain. 

It is vain for you to rise up 
early, * rise up when ye are 
rested^ ye that eat the bread of 
sorrow : 

For He giveth His beloved sleep. 
Lo, children are an heritage of the 
LORD, * the fruit of the womb is His 
reward. 

As arrows are in the hand of a 
mighty man, * so are the children 
of the out-cast. 

Happy is the man that hath his 
desire satisfied with them : * he shall 
not be ashamed when he speaketh 
with his enemies in the gate. 

Antiphon. He shall not be a- 
shamed when he speaketh with his 
enemies in the gate. 

Second Antiphon. Blessed. 

If this Antiphon be used the Psalm 
commences with the words , "Is every 
one." 

Psalm CXXVII. 
[Intituled "A Song of Degrees."] 

BLESSED is every one that feareth 
the LORD, * that walketh in 
His ways. 

For thou shalt eat the labour of 
thine hands : * happy shalt thou be 
and it shall be well with thee. 

Thy wife shall be as a fruitful vine 

* on the sides of thine house : 

Thy children like olive plants * 
round about thy table. 

Behold, that thus shall the man 
be blessed * that feareth the 
LORD. 

The LORD bless thee out of 



Zion : * and mayest thou see the 
good of Jerusalem all the days of 
thy life. 

Yea, mayest thou see thy chil 
dren s children, * and peace upon 
Israel. 

Antiphon. Blessed is every one 
that feareth the LORD. 

Third Antiphon. Many a time. 

If this Antiphon be used, the Psalm 
begins with the words, " Have they 
afflicted me." 

Psalm CXXVII I. 
[Intituled "A Song of Degrees."] 

1\ /\ ANY a time have they warred 
V against me from my youth 
* may Israel now say : 

Many a time have they warred 
against me from my youth : * yet 
they have not prevailed against 
me. 

1 The ploughers ploughed upon 
my back : * they made long their 
furrows. 

The LORD is righteous, He hath 
broken the necks of the wicked. * 
Let them all be confounded and 
turned back that hate Zion. 

Let them be as the grass upon 
the house - tops, * which withereth 
before it is plucked up : 

Wherewith the mower filleth not 
his hand, * nor he that bindeth 
sheaves his bosom. 

Neither do they that go by say : 
The blessing of the LORD be upon 
you ! * we bless you in the name of 
the LORD ! 

Antiphon. Many a time have they 
afflicted me from my youth up. 



1 I.e., "They furrowed my back with stripes as the ground is furrowed with the 
plough. " Gesenius. 



THE PSALTER. 



Fourth Antiphon. 
depths. 



Out of the 



If this Antiphon be used, the Psalm 
begins with the words, " Have I cried 
unto Thee." 



Psalm CXXIX. 

OUT of the depths have I cried 
unto Thee, O LORD ! * Lord, 
hear my voice. 

Let Thine ears be attentive * to 
the voice of my supplication. 

If Thou, LORD, shouldest mark 
iniquities, * O Lord, who shall 
stand ? 

But there is forgiveness with Thee : 

* because of Thy law, I wait for 
Thee, O LORD! 

My soul doth wait on His word : 

* my soul hopeth in the Lord. 
From the morning watch even 

until night * let Israel hope in the 
LORD : 

For with the LORD there is mercy, 

* and with Him is plenteous redemp 
tion. 

And He shall redeem Israel, * 
from all his iniquities. 

Antiphon. Out of the depths have 
I cried unto Thee, O LORD. 

Fifth Antiphon. Let Israel hope. 

Psalm CXXX. 

[Intituled "A Song of Degrees," to which 
the Hebrew and the Vulgate, but not the 
Targum or the LXX., add "of David."] 

T ORD, mine heart is not haughty, 
* nor mine eyes lofty : 

Neither do I exercise myself in 
great matters, * or in wonderful 
things that are above me. 



If I have not thought lowly of 
myself * (but lifted up my soul) 

Even as a child that is weaned 
from his mother : * so be my soul 
rewarded. 

Let Israel hope in the LORD, * 
from henceforth and for ever. 



A?itiphon. Let Israel hope in the 
LORD. 

Antiphon in Paschal time. Alle 
luia, Alleluia, Alleluia. 

HYMN. 1 

OLORD, Who throned in the holy 
height, 

Through plains of ether didst diffuse 
The dazzling beams of light, 
In soft transparent hues ; 

Who didst, on the fourth day, in 

heaven, 
Light the fierce cresset of the sun, 

And the meek moon at even, 

And stars that wildly run ; 

That they might mark and arbitrate 
Twixt alternating night and day, 

And tend the train sedate 

Of months upon their way ; 

Clear, Lord, the brooding night within, 
And clean these hearts for Thy abode, 

Unlock the spell of sin, 

Crumble its giant load. 

Grant it, O Father, Only Son, 
And Holy Spirit, God of grace, 

To Whom all praise be done 

In every time and place. 

Amen. 

Antiphon at the Song of the 
Blessed Virgin. The Lord hath 
regarded * my lowliness, and He 
That is mighty hath done in me 
great things. 

Commemoration of the Cross before 
the other general Commemorations, and 



1 Hymn of the Ambrosian school, somewhat altered ; translation by the late Card. 
Newman. 



VESPERS, OR EVENSONG. 



193 



Long Preces in Advent and Lent, and 
on Fast-days, as on Monday. 

Simple Feasts. If the Vespers of a 
Simple Feast be kept on a Wednesday, 
the Office is of the Feast from the Chap 
ter inclusive. 



THE FIFTH DAY OF THE WEEK. 

A II as on Sunday, except as otherwise 
give?i here. 

The Psalms are as follows : 
Antiphon. And all. 

In Paschal time only one Antiphon 
is said, Alleluia. 

Psalm CXXXI. 

[Intituled "A Song of Degrees." It 
reads like a Processional for some transla 
tion of the Sacred Ark, perhaps that de 
scribed in 3 (i) Kings vii. (Saturday before 
8th Sunday after Pentecost. )] 

T ORD, remember David, * and 
* all his meekness : 

How he sware unto the LORD : * 
he vowed a vow unto the God of 
Jacob ; 

Surely I will not come into the 
tabernacle of mine house, * nor go 
up into my bed ; 

I will not give sleep to mine eyes, 

* or slumber to mine eyelids ; 

I will not give the temples of 
mine head any rest, until I find out 
a place for the LORD, * an habita 
tion for the God of Jacob. 

1 Lo, we heard of it at Ephratah : 

* we found it in the fields of " the 
Wood." 



We will go into His tabernacle : 

* we will worship in His footprints. 
Arise, O LORD, into Thy rest, 

* Thou and the ark of Thine 
holiness. 

Let Thy priests be clothed with 
righteousness, * and let Thy Saints 
shout for joy. 

For Thy servant David s sake, 

* turn not away the face of Thine 
Anointed. 

The LORD hath sworn in truth 
unto David, and He will not turn 
from it : * Of the fruit of thy body 
will I set upon thy throne. 

If thy children will keep My 
covenant, * and My testimony 
that I shall teach them, 

Then their children for ever * 
shall sit upon thy throne. 

For the LORD hath chosen Zion : 
* He hath chosen it for His habita 
tion. 

This is My rest for ever : * here 
will I dwell, for I have chosen it. 

I will abundantly bless her 
widows : " I will satisfy her poor 
with bread. 

I will clothe her Priests with 
salvation : * and her Saints shall 
shout aloud for joy. 

There will I make the horn of 
David to bud : * I have ordained 
a lamp for Mine Anointed. 

His enemies will I clothe with 
shame : * but upon him shall My 
sanctification flourish. 

Antiphon. And all his meekness. 
Second Antiphon. Behold. 

If this Antiphon be used, the Psalm 
begins with the words, "How good and 
how pleasant." 



1 This verse relates to the fetching of the ark from Kirjath-jearim, (literally "The 
town-of-the-woods,") which stood at the borders of the territory of Ephraim, here called 
Ephratah. See 2 Kings (Sam.) vi. (Thursday, 5th week after Pentecost.) 

VOL. IV. G 



194 



THE PSALTER. 



Psalm CXXXII. 

[Intituled " A Song of Degrees," to which 
the Hebrew and the Vulgate, but not the 
Targum or the LXX., add "of David."] 

BEHOLD, how good and how 
pleasant it is * for brethren 
to dwell together in unity. 

1 It is like the precious oint 
ment upon the head, * that ran 



Whatsoever the LORD pleased, 
that did He in heaven and in 
earth, * in the seas, and all deep 
places : 

Causing the vapours to ascend 
from the ends of the earth : * 
He maketh lightnings for the rain ; 

He bringeth the wind out of 
His treasures. * He smote the 



down upon the beard, even Aaron s first-born of Egypt, from man even 



beard, 

That went down to the skirts 



unto beast. 

He sent tokens and wonders 



of his garments. * As the dew of into the midst of thee, O Egypt, 



* upon Pharaoh and upon all his 
servants. 

He smote great nations, * and 
slew mighty kings. 

3 Sihon, king of the Amorites, 

Antiphon. Behold, how good and Og, king of Bashan, * and 
and how pleasant it is for brethren all the kingdoms of Canaan. 



Hermon, that descendeth upon 
the mountains of Zion ; 2 

For there the LORD commanded 
the blessing, * even life for evermore. 



to dwell together in unity. 

Third Antiphon. Whatsoever. 

Psalm CXXXIV. 
[To this Psalm is prefixed "Alleluia."] 

ISE ye the Name of the 
LORD, * praise Him, O ye 
servants of the LORD ! 

Ye that stand in the house of 
the LORD, * in the courts of the 
house of our God : 

Praise the LORD, for the LORD 



And gave their land for an 
heritage, * an heritage unto Israel 
His people. 

Thy Name, O LORD, endureth for 
ever ! * Thy memorial, O LORD, 
throughout all generations ! 

For the LORD will judge His 
people, * and will repent Himself 
concerning His servants. 

The idols of the heathen are 
silver and gold, : the work of 
men s hands. 

A mouth have they, but they 



is good : * sing praises unto His speak not : * eyes have they, but 

Name, for it is pleasant. they see not. 

For the LORD hath chosen Jacob Ears have they, but they hear 
Israel for 



not : * neither is there any breath 
in their mouths. 

Let them that make them be 



unto Himself, and 
His peculiar treasure. 

For I know that the LORD is 
great, * and that our Lord is above made like unto them, * and every 
all gods. one that trusteth in them. 

1 The reference is to the unction of Aaron with holy chrism at his consecration, 
described in Lev. viii. 12. 

2 Probably not the mountain at Jerusalem, but one of the chain of Hermon, which is 
once mentioned elsewhere. Deut. iv. 48. 

3 Sihon, a king of the Amorites, reigning in Heshbon ; Og, a giant, king of Bashan. 
They were both defeated and slain by the Israelites. Num. xxi. 



VESPERS, OR EVENSONG. 



195 



Bless the LORD, O house of 
Israel ! * bless the LORD, O house 
of Aaron ! 

Bless the LORD, O house of 
Levi ! * ye that fear the LORD, 
bless the LORD ! 

Blessed be the LORD out of 
Zion, * Which dwelleth at Jeru 
salem ! 

[The Hebrew adds "Alleluia," which 
the Vulgate places at the beginning of 
the next Psalm.] 

Antiphon. Whatsoever the LORD 
pleased, that did He. 

Fourth Antiphon. For His 
mercy. 

Psalm CXXXV. 

[It is not improbable that this Psalm was 
sung at the Dedication of the Temple, for, 
in 2 Par. (Chron.) vii. 3, it is said that when 
the congregation on that occasion saw the 
fire miraculously descending upon the sac 
rifice, " they bowed themselves with their 
faces to the ground upon the pavement, and 
worshipped, and praised the LORD, for He 
is good, for His mercy endureth for ever. " 
It looks very like a continuation of the song 
given by David to certain singers, I Par. 
(Chron.) xvi. 7, especially as it is afterwards 
said that some of them were chosen "to give 
thanks to the LORD, because His mercy 
endureth for ever." Some consider that 
the latter verses refer to the return from the 
captivity, but these may be an addition.] 

OGIVE thanks unto the LORD, 
for He is good! * for His 
mercy endureth for ever. 

O give thanks unto the God of 
gods ! for His mercy endureth 
for ever. 

O give thanks to the Lord of 
lords ! * for His mercy endureth 
for ever. 

To Him Who Alone doeth great 
wonders * for His mercy endureth 
for ever. 

To Him That by wisdom made the 

VOL. IV. 



heavens * for His mercy endureth 
for ever. 

To Him That spread out the 
earth above the waters * for His 
mercy endureth for ever. 

To Him That made great lights 

* for His mercy endureth for 
ever. 

The sun to rule by day * for 
His mercy endureth for ever. 

The moon and stars to rule by 
night * for His mercy endureth for 
ever. 

To Him That smote Egypt in their 
first-born * for His mercy endureth 
for ever. 

To Him That brought out Israel 
from among them * for His mercy 
endureth for ever. 

With a strong hand and with a 
stretched out arm * for His mercy 
endureth for ever. 

To Him That divided the Red 
Sea into parts * for His mercy 
endureth for ever. 

And made Israel to pass through 
the midst of it * for His mercy 
endureth for ever. 

But overthrew Pharaoh and his 
host in the Red Sea * for His 
mercy endureth for ever. 

To Him That led His people 
through the wilderness * for His 
mercy endureth for ever. 

To Him That smote great kings 

* for His mercy endureth for 
ever. 

And slew mighty kings * for His 
mercy endureth for ever. 

Sihon, king of the Amorites 

* for His mercy endureth for 
ever. 

And Og, the king of Bashan 

* for His mercy endureth for 
ever. 

And gave their land for an heri- 
G 2 



196 



THE PSALTER. 



tage * for His mercy endureth for 
ever. 

Even an heritage unto Israel His 
servant * for His mercy endureth 
for ever. 

Who remembered us in our low 
estate * for His mercy endureth 
for ever. 

And hath redeemed us from our 
enemies * for His mercy endureth 
for ever. 

Who giveth food to all flesh 
* for His mercy endureth for ever. 

O give thanks unto the God of 
heaven ! * for His mercy endureth 
for ever. 

O give thanks unto the Lord of 
lords ! * for His mercy endureth for 
ever. 



If I forget thee, O Jerusalem, * let 
my right hand forget her cunning 

Let my tongue cleave to the roof 
of my mouth, * if I do not remember 
thee, 

If I prefer not Jerusalem * above 
my chief joy. 

Remember, O LORD, the chil 
dren of Edom, * in the day of 
Jerusalem : 

Who said : Rase it, rase it * even 
to the foundation thereof. 

O daughter of Babylon, doomed 
to destruction, * happy shall he be 
that rewardeth thee, as thou hast 
served us ! 

Happy shall he be that taketh, * 
and dasheth thy little ones against 
the rock. 



Antiphon. For 
dureth for ever. 

Fifth Antiphon. 
the songs. 



His mercy en- Antiphon. Sing us one of the 
songs of Zion. 

Sing us one of Antiphon in Paschal time. Alle 
luia, Alleluia, Alleluia. 



Psalm CXXXVI. 

[The Vulgate and the LXX. connect this 
Psalm with the name of Jeremiah. They 
also style it a Psalm of David, the apparent 
meaning of which would seem to be that it 
was composed in imitation of his poems.] 

Y the rivers of Babylon, there we 
sat down, yea, we wept, * when 
we remembered Zion. 

We hung our harps upon the 
willows * in the midst thereof. 

For there they that carried us 
away captive required of us * a 
song; 

And they that had taken us 
said : * Sing us one of the songs 
of Zion. 

How shall we sing the LORD S 
song * in a strange land ? 

1 Hymn of the Ambrosian school, slightly 
Newman. 



HYMN. 1 

r\ GOD, Who hast given 
^-^ The sea and the sky, 
To fish and to bird 
For a dwelling to keep, 
Both sons of the waters 
One low and one high, 
Ambitious of heaven, 
Or sunk in the deep ; 

Save, Lord, Thy servants, 
Whom Thou hast new made 
In a laver of blood 
Lest they trespass and die ; 
Lest pride should elate, 
Or sin should degrade, 
And they stumble on earth 
Or be dizzied on high. 

To the Father, and Son, 
And the Spirit be done, 
Now and always, 
Glory and Praise. Amen. 

altered ; translation by the late Card. 



VESPERS, OR EVENSONG. 



197 



Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed 
Virgin. O God, * show strength with 
Thine arm : put down the mighty, 
and exalt them of low degree. 

Commemoration of the Cross before 
the other general Commemorations and 
Long Preces in Advent and Lent, and 
on Fast- days, as on Monday. 



THE SIXTH DAY OF THE WEEK. 

All as on Sunday, except as otherwise 
given here. 

The Psalms are as follows : 
Antiphon. Behold the Angels. 

In Paschal time only one Antiphon is 
said, Alleluia. 

Psalm CXXXVII. 

[Intituled "Of David," to which the 
LXX. adds "of Haggai and Zechariah," 
the meaning apparently being that it was 
his composition, but that they made some 
special regulation as to its use.] 

T WILL praise Thee, O Lord, with 
* my whole heart : * because 
Thou hast heard the words of my 
mouth. 

Before the Angels will I sing 
praise unto Thee. * I will worship 
toward Thine holy temple, and 
praise Thy Name. 

For Thy loving-kindness, and for 
Thy truth : * for Thou hast mag 
nified Thine holy Name above 
every name. 

In whatsoever day I call upon 
Thee, answer me : * Thou wilt 
strengthen my soul exceedingly. 

Let all the kings of the earth 



praise Thee, O LORD, * for they 
have heard all the words of Thy 
mouth. 

Yea, let them sing of the ways of 
the LORD : * that great is the glory 
of the LORD. 

For the LORD is high, yet hath 
He respect unto the lowly : * but 
the proud He knoweth from afar. 

Though I walk in the midst of 
trouble Thou wilt revive me : * 
Thou shalt stretch forth Thine hand 
against the wrath of mine enemies, 
and Thy right hand shall save me. 

The LORD will give recompense 
on my behalf: * Thy mercy, O 
LORD, endureth for ever : forsake 
not the works of Thine own hands. 

Antiphon. Before the Angels 
will I sing praise unto Thee, O 
my God. 

Second Antiphon. O LORD. 

If this Antiphon be used the Psalm 
commences with the words, " Thou hast 
searched me." 

Psalm CXXXVII I. 

[Intituled "A Psalm of David," with a 
musical (?) direction, the meaning of which 
is not now certain.] 

LORD, Thou hast searched 
me, and known me : * Thou 
knowest my down-sitting and mine 
up-rising : 

Thou understandest my thoughts 
afar off. * Thou searchest my path, 
and my line, 

And art acquainted with all my 
ways : * before there is a word on 
my tongue. 

Lo, O LORD, Thou knowest all 
things both new and old : * Thou 
hast made me, and laid Thine hand 
upon me. 



198 



THE PSALTER. 



Such knowledge is too wonderful 
for me : * it is high, and I cannot 
attain unto it. 

Whither shall I go from Thy 
Spirit? * or whither shall I flee 
from Thy presence? 

If I ascend up into heaven, Thou 
are there : * if I go down into hell, 
Thou art there. 

If I take the wings of the morn 
ing, * and dwell in the uttermost 
parts of the sea; 

Even there shall Thine hand lead 
me, * and Thy right hand shall hold 
me. 

If I say : Surely the darkness 
shall cover me : * even the night 
shall be light about me in my 
pleasures. 

For the darkness is not darkness 
to Thee : and the night shineth as 
the day : * the darkness and the 
light to Thee are both alike. 

For Thou didst form my reins : 
* Thou hast upholden me from 
my mother s womb. 

I will praise Thee, for Thy great 
ness is terrible : * marvellous are 
Thy works : and that my soul 
knoweth right well. 

My bones were not hid from 
Thee, when Thou madest me in 
secret : * nor my substance in the 
lower parts of the earth. 

Thine eyes beheld my substance 
yet being imperfect : and in Thy 
book all were written : * day by day 
were they to be fashioned, when as 
yet there was none of them. 

But to me, O God, Thy friends 
are exceeding honourable : * their 
power is waxen right strong. 

If I should count them, they are 
more in number than the sand : * I 
arose, and am still with Thee. 



Surely Thou wilt slay the wicked, 
O God : * depart from me, ye bloody 
men. 

For ye say in thought : * In 
vain shall Thy people take Thy 
cities. 

Do not I hate them, O LORD, 
that hate Thee? * and am not I 
grieved at those that rise up against 
Thee ? 

I hate them with perfect hatred : 
* they are to me as enemies. 

Search me, O God, and know 
mine heart : * try me and know my 
thoughts. 

And see if there be any wicked 
way in me : * and lead me in the 
way everlasting. 

Antiphon. O LORD, Thou hast 
searched me and known me. 
Third Antiphon. Preserve me. 

Psalm CXXXIX. 

[Intituled " A Psalm of David," with the 
same musical (?) direction as before.] 

T~"\ELIVER me, O LORD, from 
*~* the evil man : * preserve me 
from the wicked man : 

Which imagine mischiefs in their 
heart : * continually are they gath 
ered together for war. 

They have sharpened their tongues 
like a serpent : * adders poison is 
under their lips. 1 

Keep me, O LORD, from the hands 
of the wicked : * and preserve me 
from the evil man : 

Who purpose to overthrow my 
goings. The proud have hid a 
snare for me : 

And spread a net with cords : * 
by the way-side have they set a trap 
for me. 1 



1 SLH. 



VESPERS, OR EVENSONG. 



199 



I said unto the LORD : Thou art 
my God : * hear the voice of my 
supplication, O LORD ! 

LORD, my Lord, Thou Strength 
of my salvation, * Thou hast covered 
mine head in the day of battle ! 

Give me not up, O LORD, to the 
desires of the wicked : * they take 
counsel together against me : forsake 
me not, lest they exalt themselves. 1 

As for the head of those that 
compass me about, * let the mis 
chief of their own lips cover them. 

Let burning coals fall upon them ; 
let them be cast into the fire: * when 
they are in trouble they will not be 
able to stand. 

An evil-speaker shall not prosper 
in the earth : * evil shall hunt the 
wicked man, to overthrow him. 

1 know that the LORD will main 
tain the cause of the afflicted, * and 
will revenge the poor. 

Surely the righteous shall give 
thanks unto Thy Name ; * and the 
upright shall dwell in Thy presence. 

Antiphon. Preserve me, O Lord, 
from the wicked man. 

Fourth Antiphon. LORD. 

If this Antiphon be used, the Psalm 
begins with the words, " I cry unto 
Thee." 

Psalm CXL. 
[Intituled "A Psalm of David."] 

T ORD, I cry unto Thee : hear 
*-* me ! * give ear unto my voice 
when I cry unto Thee. 

1 SLH. 

2 The Targum is, "They are torn away from the house of instruction by the strong 
hands of their judges." The Syriac, "And their judges are crushed by the strong hand." 
Messrs Jennings and Lowe render, "When their judges have been thrown down the sides 
of the rock, then they shall hear my words as welcome;" and continue, "When the 
usurping rulers have been deposed, and the disappointed rabble has executed its ven 
geance on them, it shall bethink it again of David s divinely constituted authority, and 
gladly recall him to the throne. This is the only rational interpretation of the verse. 
For the mode of punishment mentioned, cf. 2. Chron. xxv. 12, Luke iv. 29." 



Let my prayer be set forth as in 
cense before Thee : * the lifting-up 
of mine hands as the evening sacri 
fice. 

Set a watch, O LORD, before my 
mouth : * keep the door of my lips. 

Incline not mine heart to any evil 
word, * to excuse myself in my sins, 

With men that work wickedness ; 

* and let me not eat of their dainties. 

Let the righteous smite me in 
kindness : and let him reprove me : 

* but the oil of the wicked shall not 
anoint mine head : 

For yet my prayer shall be against 
their lusts. * 2 Their judges shall 
be left [to their fate beside] in the 
hands of the rock : 

[And] they [that have wreaked 
their vengeance on them] shall hear 
my words, that they are mighty. * 
Like clods of earth broken by the 
ploughman, 

So are our bones scattered at the 
grave s mouth. * But mine eyes are 
unto Thee, O LORD, my Lord : in 
Thee is my trust, leave not my life 
to destruction. 

Keep me from the snare which 
they have laid for me, * and the gins 
of the workers of iniquity. 

The wicked shall fall into their 
own net ; * as for me, I dwell alone, 
until I depart hence. 



Antiphon. 
hear me. 

Fifth Antiphon. 
portion. 



LORD, I cry unto Thee, 
O Lord, let my 



200 



THE PSALTER. 



Psalm CXLI. 

[Intituled " A didactic (?) Psalm of David. 
A Prayer when he was in the cave," namely, 
on the same occasion as that on which he 
wrote Psalm Ivi. See note on that Psalm, 
p. 1 10.] 

T CRIED unto the LORD with my 

* voice : * with my voice unto 
the LORD did I make supplication. 

I pour out my complaint before 
Him : * before Him also I show my 
trouble. 

When my spirit faileth from me, 

* then Thou knewest my path. 

In the way wherein I walked * 
have they privily laid a snare for me. 

I looked on the right hand, and 
beheld : * but there was no man 
that would know me : 

Refuge failed me : * and no man 
cared for my soul. 

I cried unto Thee, O LORD ! * I 
said : Thou art my refuge, and my 
portion in the land of the living. 

Attend unto my cry, * for I am 
brought very low : 

Deliver me from my persecutors : 

* for they are stronger than I. 
Bring my soul out of prison, that 

I may praise Thy Name : * the 
righteous wait for me, till Thou deal 
bountifully with me. 

Antiphon. O Lord, let my por 
tion be in the land of the living. 

Antiphon in Paschal time. Alle 
luia, Alleluia, Alleluia. 



HYMN. 1 



And the huge make 
Of wild or gentler animal. 
Springing from nothing at Thy call, 
To serve in their due time, and all 

For sinners sake ; 

Shield us from ill ! 
Come it by passion s sudden stress, 
Lurk in our mind s habitual dress, 
Or through our actions seek to press 

Upon our will. 

Vouchsafe the prize 
Of sacred joy s perpetual mood, 
And service-seeking gratitude, 
And love to quell each strife or feud, 

If it arise. 

Grant it, O Lord ! 
To Whom, the Father, Only Son, 
And Holy Spirit, Three in One, 
In heaven and earth all praise be done 

With one accord. 

Amen. 

Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed 
Virgin. He hath put down the 
mighty, * that persecute His Saints : 
and hath exalted them of low degree, 
that confess His Christ. 

Commemoration of the Cross before 
the other general Commemorations , and 
Long Preces in Advent and Lent, and 
on Fast-days, as on Monday. 

Simple Feasts. If the Vespers of a 
Simple Feast be kept on a Friday, the 
service is of the Feast from the Chapter 
inclusive. 



SaturlrajL 

THE SABBATH. 



Thy 



height 

Badest the dull earth bring to light 
All creeping things, and the fierce might 
Of beasts of prey ; 



n 

The Psalms are as follows : 
Antiphon. Blessed. 
f ^ AmbrOsian school > considerably altered ; translation by the late Card. 



VESPERS, OR EVENSONG. 



201 



If this Antiphon be used, the Psalm 
begins with the words, " Be the LORD 
my God." 

In Paschal time only one Antiphon is 
said, Alleluia. 

Psalm CXLIII. 

[Intituled Of David. " The Vulgate and 
the LXX. add "against Goliath."] 

T3LESSED be the LORD my God, 
LJ Which teacheth mine hands 
to war, * and my fingers to fight. 

My goodness, and my fortress : * 
my strength, and my Deliverer : 

My shield, and He in Whom I 
trust : * Who subdueth my people 
under me. 

LORD, what is man, that Thou 
takest knowledge of him ? * or the 
son of man, that Thou makest ac 
count of him ? 

Man is like to vanity : * his days 
are as a shadow that passeth away. 

Bow Thy heavens, O LORD, and 
come down : * touch the mountains, 
and they shall smoke. 

Cast forth the bright lightning, 
and scatter them : * send out 
Thine arrows, and make them to 
quake. 

Send Thine hand from above : 
rid me, and deliver me out of great 
waters, * from the hand of strange 
children : 

Whose mouth speaketh vanity : * 
and their right hand is a right hand 
of falsehood. 

I will sing a new song unto Thee, 
O God ; * upon a psaltery of ten 
strings will I sing praises unto 
Thee: 

Who hast given salvation unto 
kings : * Who deliveredst David 
Thy servant from the hurtful sword. 
Rid me, 

And deliver me from the hand 



of strange children, whose mouth 
speaketh vanity : * and their right 
hand is a right hand of falsehood : 

Whose sons may be as saplings 
grown up * in their youth ; 

Their daughters decked out, * 
adorned after the similitude of the 
temple : 

Their garners full, * affording 
stores upon store : 

Their sheep fruitful in young, 
countless in their pastures : * their 
oxen fat : 

There is no breach in their walls, 
nor inroad : * nor wailing in their 
streets. 

Happy is that people, that is in 
such a case : * happy is that people 
whose God is the Lord. 

Antiphon. Blessed be the LORD 
my God. 

Second Antiphon. Every day. 

Psalm CXLIV. 

[Intituled " David s song of praise." It is 
ABC Darian.] 

T WILL extol Thee, my God, O 
A King ! * and I will bless Thy 
name for ever and ever. 

Every day will I bless Thee; * 
and I will praise Thy name for ever 
and ever. 

Great is the LORD, and greatly to 
be praised : * and His greatness is 
unsearchable. 

One generation shall praise Thy 
works to another, * and shall declare 
Thy mighty acts. 

They shall speak of the glorious 
honour of Thy Majesty, * and tell of 
Thy wondrous works. 

And men shall speak of the might 
of Thy terrible acts, * and declare 
Thy greatness. 



2O2 



THE PSALTER. 



They shall abundantly utter the 
record of Thy great goodness, * 
and shall sing of Thy righteous 
ness. 

The LORD is gracious and full of 
compassion : * slow to anger and of 
great mercy. 

The LORD is good to all, * and 
His tender mercies are over all His 
works. 

May all Thy works praise Thee, 
O LORD ! * and let Thy saints bless 
Thee! 

They shall speak of the glory of 
Thy kingdom, * and talk of Thy 
power ; 

To make known to the sons of 
men Thy mighty acts, * and the 
glorious majesty of Thy king 
dom. 

Thy kingdom is an everlasting 
kingdom, * and Thy dominion 
endureth throughout all genera 
tions ! 

The Lord is faithful in all His 
words, * and holy in all His 
works. 

The LORD upholdeth all that fall, 
* and raiseth up all those that be 
bowed down. 

The eyes of all wait upon Thee, 
O Lord ! * and Thou givest them 
their meat in due season. 

Thou openest Thine hand, * and 
fillest all things living with plenteous- 
ness. 

The LORD is righteous in all 
His ways, * and holy in all His 
works. 

The LORD is nigh unto all them 
that call upon Him, * to all that call 
upon Him in truth. 

He will fulfil the desire of them 
that fear Him : * He also will hear 
their cry and will save them. 

The LORD preserveth all them 



that love Him, * but all the wicked 
will He destroy. 

My mouth shall speak the praise 
of the LORD ; * and let all flesh 
bless His holy Name for ever and 
ever. 

Antiphon. Every day will I bless 
Thee, O Lord. 

Third Antiphon. While I live. 

Psalm CXLV. 

[To this Psalm is prefixed "Alleluia." 
The Vulgate and the LXX. connect it with 
the names of Haggai and Zechariah.] 

PRAISE the LORD, O my soul; 
while I live will I praise the 
LORD : * I will sing praises unto my 
God while I have being. 

Put not your trust in princes, * 
in the son of man, in whom is no 
help. 

His breath goeth forth, and he 
returneth to his earth : * in that 
very day their thoughts perish. 

Happy is he that hath the God 
of Jacob for his help, his hope is 
in the LORD his God : * Who made 
heaven and earth, the sea, and all 
that therein is : 

Who keepeth truth for ever. 
Who executeth judgment for the 
oppressed : * Who giveth food to 
the hungry. 

The LORD looseth the prisoners : 
* the LORD openeth the eyes of the 
blind : 

The LORD raiseth them that are 
bowed down : * the LORD loveth 
the righteous : 

The LORD preserveth the stran 
gers ; He defendeth the fatherless 
and widow : * but the way of the 
wicked He will turn aside. 

The LORD shall reign for ever ! 



VESPERS, OR EVENSONG. 



203 



even thy God, O Zion, * unto all 
generations ! 

[The Hebrew adds " Alleluia," which 
the Vulgate and the LXX. prefix to the 
next Psalm.] 

Antiphon. While I live will I 
praise the LORD. 

Fourth Antiphon. Let the praise 
of our God. 

Psalm CXLVI. 

[The Vulgate and the LXX., as stated, 
prefix "Alleluia," and the LXX. adds " of 
Haggai and Zechariah."] 



ye the LORD, for it is 
good to sing praises : * the 
praise of our God is pleasant and 
comely. 

The LORD doth build up Jeru 
salem : * He gathereth together 
the outcasts of Israel. 

He healeth the broken in heart, * 
and bindeth up their wounds. 

He telleth the number of the 
stars; * and calleth them all by 
their names. 

Great is our Lord, and of great 
power : * and His understanding is 
infinite. 

The LORD lifteth up the meek ; * 
but He casteth the wicked down to 
the ground. 

Sing unto the LORD with thanks 
giving : * sing praise upon the harp 
unto our God. 

Who covereth the heaven with 
clouds : * and prepareth rain for the 
earth, 

Who maketh grass to grow upon 
the mountains, * and herbs for the 
service of men : 

He giveth to the beast his food, 
* and to the young ravens which cry 
unto Him. 



He delighteth not in the strength 
of an horse ; * neither taketh He 
pleasure in the legs of a man. 

The LORD taketh pleasure in them 
that fear Him, * and in those that 
hope in His mercy. 

Antiphon. Let the praise of our 
God be pleasant. 

Fifth Antiphon. Praise the LORD. 

If this Antiphon be used the Psalm 
begins with the words^ " O Jerusalem." 

Psalm CXLVI I. 

[In the Hebrew this is the continuation 
of the preceding Psalm. The Vulgate and 
the LXX. prefix "Alleluia," and the LXX. 
adds " of Haggai and Zechariah."] 

PRAISE the LORD, O Jerusalem ! 
* praise thy God, O Zion ! 

For He hath strengthened the 
bars of thy gates : * He hath blessed 
thy children within thee : 

He maketh peace in thy borders : 
* and filleth thee with the finest of 
the wheat. 

He sendeth forth His command 
ment upon earth : * His word run 
neth very swiftly. 

He giveth snow like wool : * He 
scattereth the hoar-frost like ashes. 

He casteth forth His ice like 
morsels : * who can stand before 
His cold? 

He sendeth out His word, and 
melteth them : * He causeth His 
wind to blow, and the waters flow. 

He declareth His word unto 
Jacob, * His statutes and His 
judgments unto Israel. 

He hath not dealt so with any 
nation : * neither hath He made 
known to them His judgments. 

[The Hebrew adds "Alleluia," which 
the Vulgate and the LXX. prefix to the 
next Psalm.] 



2O4 



THE PSALTER. 



Antiphon. Praise the LORD, O 
Jerusalem. 

Antiphon in Paschal time. Alle 
luia, Alleluia, Alleluia. 

From Advent Sunday till the Octave 
of the Epiphany, and from Septuagesima 
Sunday till the Octave of Pentecost spe 
cial Chapters are given. 

At other times the following is said: 
CHAPTER. (Rom. xi. 33.) 

OTHE depth of the riches and 
wisdom and knowledge of 
God : how unsearchable are His 
judgments and His ways past find 
ing out ! 

The following Hymn and Verse and 
Answer is used during the same seasons 
as the above Chapter, and likewise from 
Septuagesima to Lent. 

HYMN. 1 

THE red sun is gone, 
Thou Light of the heart, 
Blessed Three, Holy One, 
To Thy servants a sun 
Everlasting impart. 



There were Lauds in the morn, 
Here are Vespers at even : 
Oh, may we adorn 
Thy temple new born 
With our voices in Heaven. 

To the Father be praise, 
And praise to the Son, 
And the Spirit always, 
While the infinite days 
Of eternity run. 

Amen. 

Verse. Let the evening prayer 
ascend unto Thee, O Lord. 

Answer. And let there descend 
upon us Thy mercy. 

The following Antiphon is said only 
from the Octave of the Epiphany till 
Septuagesima. 

Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed 
Virgin. God hath holpen His ser 
vant Israel : * as He spake to 
Abraham and to his seed, to exalt 
them of low degree for ever and 
ever. 

Prayer of the succeeding Sunday. 



1 Hymn of the Ambrosian school, altered almost beyond recognition ; translation by 
the late Card. Newman. 



205 



COMPLINE. 1 



flue for tfjerg tiag in tlje 



At the beginning of Compline the 
Reader says : 

Sir, be pleased to give the bless 
ing. 

The Blessing. 

May the Almighty Lord grant us 
a quiet night and a perfect end. 
Answer. Amen. 

Then is read this Short Lesson. 
SHORT LESSON, (i Pet. v. 8.) 

"DRETHREN, be sober, be vigil- 
J^ ant : because your adversary 
the devil as a roaring lion walketh 
about, seeking whom he may devour : 
whom resist ye, stedfast in the faith. 

But Thou, O Lord, have mercy 
upon us. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

Verse. >J 2 Our help is in the 
Name of the LORD. 

Answer. Who made heaven and 
earth. 

Then the Lord s Prayer is said in- 
audibly. 

UR Father, Who art in heaven, 
Hallowed be Thy Name. Thy 



O 



kingdom come. Thy will be done 
on earth, as it is in heaven. Give 
us this day our daily bread. And 
forgive us our trespasses, as we for 
give them that trespass against us. 
And lead us not into temptation ; 
but deliver us from evil. Amen. 

After this is said the General Confes 
sion and Absolution. 

T CONFESS to God Almighty, to 
** the Blessed Mary, always a 
Virgin, to the Blessed Michael the 
Archangel, to the Blessed John the 
Baptist, to the Holy Apostles Peter 
and Paul, and to all the Saints, that 
I have sinned exceedingly in thought, 
word, and deed, by my fault, by my 
fault, by my most grievous fault. 
Therefore I beseech the Blessed 
Mary, always a Virgin, the Blessed 
Michael the Archangel, the Blessed 
John the Baptist, the Holy Apostles 
Peter and Paul, and all the Saints, to 
pray to the Lord our God for me. 

The Absolution. 

ALMIGHTY God have mercy 
^~^ on us, forgive us our sins, 
and bring us to life everlasting. 
Answer. Amen. 



1 Compline (Completorium) is the last office of the Church, and is proper to the end of 
the evening before going to bed, reckoned to be about 9 p.m., but it may be said any time 
before midnight. It is very frequently recited along with Vespers, thus forming the com 
plete Evening Service of the Church, and it is from this aggregation that the "Evening 
Prayer " of the Anglican Prayer Book is derived. z Ps. cxxiii. 8. 



206 



THE PSALTER. 



AY the Almighty and mer- 
c iful Lord grant us pardon, 
absolution, and remission of all our 
sins. 

Answer. Amen. 

Verse. 1 Turn us, O God of our 
salvation. 

Ansiver. And cause Thine anger 
toward us to cease. 

Verse. ^ Make haste, O God, to 
deliver me. 

Answer. Make haste to help me, 
O LORD. 

Glory be to the Father, and to the 
Son, and to the Holy Ghost. 

As it was in the beginning, is now, 
and ever shall be, world without end. 
Amen. Alleluia. 

From the Saturday before Septua- 
gesima Sunday to Maundy Thursday 
instead of " Alleluia " is said: 

Ceaseless praise to Thee be given, 
O Eternal King of heaven. 

Then follow the Psalms. They are 
all said under one Antiphon. 

Antiphon. Have mercy. 
Antiphon in Paschal time. Alle 
luia. 

Psalm IV. 

[Intituled "A Psalm of David," with a 
musical (?) direction of (now) uncertain 
meaning.] 

^1 \J HEN I called, the God of my 
* righteousness heard me : * 
Thou hast enlarged me when I was 
in distress : 

Have mercy upon me, * and hear 
my prayer. 

O ye sons of men, how long 
will ye be dull of heart ? * Why 
will ye love vanity, and seek after 
leasing ? 2 

1 Ps. Ixxxiv. 5. 



But know that the LORD hath set 
apart for Himself him that is holy : 

* the LORD will hear me when I 
call unto Him. 

Be ye angry and sin not : * what 
ye speak in your heart, repent upon 
your bed. 2 

Offer the sacrifices of righteous 
ness, and put your trust in the LORD. 

* There be many that say : Who will 
show us any good ? 

LORD, Thou hast set upon us the 
light of Thy countenance. * Thou 
hast put gladness in my heart, 

More than in the time that 
their corn, and wine, and oil * 
increased. 

I will both lay me down in peace r 

* and sleep, 

For Thou, LORD, only * makest 
me to dwell in safety. 

Psalm. XXX. 

[The first eight verses of Psalm xxx., p. 
7 6.] 

IN Thee, O LORD, do I put my 
trust, let me never be asham 
ed ; * deliver me in Thy righteous 
ness. 

Bow down Thine ear to me, * 
deliver me speedily. 

Be Thou to me a God, a Pre 
server, and an house of defence, * 
to save me. 

For Thou art my strength and 
my refuge, * and for Thy Name s 
sake Thou wilt lead me and nourish 
me. 

Thou wilt pull me out of the net, 
that they have laid privily for me, 

* for Thou art my Preserver. 
Into Thine hands I commend my 

spirit : * Thou hast redeemed me, 
O LORD God of truth ! 
2 SLH. 



COMPLINE. 



207 



Psalm XC. 

[The Vulgate and the LXX. give the 
heading, "A Psalm of praise of David."] 

HE that dwelleth in the help of 
the Most High, * shall abide 
under the shadow of the God of 
heaven. 

He will say to the LORD : Thou 
art my refuge, and my fortress, * 
my God, in Him will I trust. 

For He shall deliver me from the 
snare of the fowler, * and from the 
noisome pestilence. 

He shall cover thee with His 
wings, * and under His feathers 
shalt thou trust : 

His truth shall be thy shield. * 
Thou shalt not be afraid for the 
terror by night ; 

For the arrow that flieth by day, 
for the pestilence that walketh in 
darkness, * for the evil spirit that 
wasteth at noon-day. 

A thousand shall fall at thy side, 
and ten thousand at thy right 
hand : * but it shall not come 
nigh thee. 

Yea, with thine eyes shalt thou 
behold : * and see the reward of 
the wicked. 

Because Thou, O LORD, art my 
trust : * thou hast made the Most 
High thy refuge. 

There shall no evil befall thee, * 
neither shall any plague come nigh 
thy dwelling. 

For He hath given His Angels 
charge over thee, * to keep thee in 
all thy ways : 

They shall bear thee up in their 
hands, * lest haply thou dash thy 
foot against a stone. 



Thou shalt tread upon the adder 
and the cockatrice : * the lion also 
and the dragon shalt thou trample 
under feet. 

Because he hath set his trust 
upon Me, therefore will I deliver 
him : * I will defend him because 
he hath known My Name. 

He shall call upon Me, and I will 
answer him : * I am with him in 
trouble : I will deliver him and 
glorify him. 

With long life will I satisfy him : 
* and show him My salvation. 

Psalm CXXXIII. 
[Intituled " A Song of Degrees."] 

BEHOLD now, bless ye the 
LORD, * all ye servants of the 
LORD. 

Which stand in the house of the 
LORD, * even in the courts of the 
house of our God, 

By night. Lift up your hands 
toward the sanctuary, * and bless 
the LORD. 

The LORD That made heaven 
and earth, * bless thee out of 
Zion! 

Antiphon. l Have mercy upon 
me, O Lord, and hear my prayer. 

Antiphon in Paschal time. Al 
leluia, Alleluia, Alleluia. 

Then is said the following : 

HYMN. 2 

NOW that the clay-light dies away, 
By all Thy grace and love, 
Thee, Maker of the world, we pray 
To watch our bed above. 



1 Ps. iv. 2. 

2 Hymn of the Ambrosian school, very slightly altered ; translation by the late Card. 
Newman. 



208 



THE PSALTER. 



Let dreams depart and phantoms fly, 

The offspring of the night, 
Keep us, like shrines, beneath Thine 
eye, 

Pure in our foes despite. 

This grace on Thy redeemed confer, 

Father, Co-equal Son, 
And Holy Ghost, the Comforter, 

Eternal Three in One. 

Amen. 

The last verse is sometimes said thus, 
altered in honour of the Incarnation : 

JESU, the Virgin-born, to Thee 

Eternal praise be given, 
With Father, Spirit, One and Three, 

Here as it is in heaven. 

Amen. 

In Paschal time it is said thus, al 
tered in honour of the Resurrection : 

To Father, Son, and Paraclete, 

The slain and risen Son, 
Be praise and glory, as is meet, 

While endless ages run. 

Amen. 

// is also occasionally otherwise al 
tered, which occasions are marked in 
their places. 

Then follows the 
CHAPTER. (Jer. xiv. 9.) 

VTET Thou, O LORD, art in the 
^ midst of us, and Thine holy 
Name is called upon us : r leave us 
not, O Lord our God. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

Then the Short Responsory. 

2 Into Thine hands, O Lord, I 
commend my spirit. 



Ansiver. Into Thine hands, O 
Lord, I commend my spirit. 

Verse. Thou hast redeemed us, 
O LORD God of truth. 

Answer. I commend my spirit. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer. Into Thine hands, O 
Lord, I commend my spirit. 

Verse. 3 Keep us, O Lord, as 
the apple of the eye. 

Answer. Hide us under the 
shadow of Thy wings. 

From the Saturday after Easter in 
clusive to the Saturday after Pentecost 
exclusive, the above is said thus : 

Into Thine hands, O Lord, I com 
mend my spirit. Alleluia, Alleluia. 

Answer. Into Thine hands, O 
Lord, I commend my spirit. Al 
leluia, Alleluia. 

Verse. Thou hast redeemed us, 
O LORD God of truth. 

Answer. Alleluia, Alleluia. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer. Into Thine hands, O 
Lord, I commend my spirit. Alle 
luia, Alleluia. 

Verse. Keep us, O Lord, as the 
apple of the eye. Alleluia. 

Answer. Hide us under the 
shadow of Thy wings. Alleluia. 

Then is said the following Canticle 
from the Gospel, with its Antiphon. 

Antiphon. O Lord, keep us. 



1 The allusion seems to be to the invocation of the Name upon Israel by the Priests, 
Numb. vi. 22. "And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying : Speak unto Aaron, and unto 

his sons, saying, On this wise shall ye bless the children of Israel, saying unto them The 

LORD bless thee and keep thee ; the LORD make His face shine upon thee, and be gracious 
unto thee ; the LORD lift up His countenance upon thee, and give thee peace and they 
shall put My Name upon the children of Israel ; and I will bless them." 

2 Ps. xxx. 6. 3 Ps _ xvi _ 8> 



COMPLINE. 



209 



THE SONG OF SIMEON. (Luke ii. 29.) 

[Uttered by Simeon at the presentation 
of our LORD in the Temple. "Then took 
he Him up in his arms, and blessed God, 
and said : "] 

LORD, now lettest Thou Thy 
servant depart in peace, * 
according to Thy word : 

For mine eyes have seen * Thy 
Salvation, 

Which Thou hast prepared * 
before the face of all people ; 

A Light to lighten the Gentiles, 
* and the glory of Thy people 
Israel. 

The Doxology, "Glory be to the 
Father, &c.," is said. 

Antiphon. O Lord, keep us 
waking, guard us sleeping : that 
we may wake with Christ and rest 
in peace. 

In Paschal time, "Alleluia." 

Then follow these short prayers, called 
the Preces. They are omitted on Doubles 
and within Octaves. In Advent, Lent, 
and the Ember Days they are said 
kneeling. 

Kyrie eleison. 

Ansiver. Christe eleison. 

Kyrie eleison. 



Father, (inaudibly,} Who 
art in heaven, Hallowed be 
Thy Name. Thy kingdom come. 
Thy will be done on earth, as it is 
in heaven. Give us this day our 
daily bread. And forgive us our 
trespasses, as we forgive them that 
trespass against us. (Alottd.} 

Verse. And lead us not into 
temptation. 

Answer. But deliver us from 
evil. 

1 Dan. iii 



T BELIEVE (inaudibly) in God 
-*- the Father Almighty, Maker of 
heaven and earth. And in JESUS 
Christ, His only Son, our Lord ; 
Who was conceived by the Holy 
Ghost, born of the Virgin Mary, 
suffered under Pontius Pilate, was 
crucified, dead, and buried : He 
descended into hell : the third day 
He rose again from the dead : He 
ascended into heaven, and sitteth 
on the right hand of God the 
Father Almighty. From thence He 
shall come to judge the quick and 
the dead. I believe in the Holy 
Ghost, the Holy Catholic Church, 
the Communion of Saints, the For 
giveness of sins, (aloud] 

Verse. The Resurrection of the 
body. 

Answer. And the Life ever 
lasting. Amen. 

Verse. l Blessed art Thou, O 
Lord God of our fathers, 

Answer. And to be praised and 
glorified above all for ever. 

Verse. Bless we the Father, and 
the Son, and the Holy Ghost. 

Answer. Let us praise and exalt 
Him above all for ever. 

Verse. Blessed art Thou, O 
Lord, in the firmament of heaven, 

Answer. And to be praised, and 
glorified, and exalted above all for 
ever. 

Verse. May the Lord, the Al 
mighty and merciful, bless and 
keep us. 

Answer. Amen. 

Verse. Vouchsafe, O Lord, this 
night, 

Answer. To keep us without sin. 
Verse. Have mercy upon us, O 
LORD. 

Answer. Have mercy upon us. 

52, 56- 



2IO 



THE PSALTER. 



Verse. O LORD, let Thy mercy 
lighten upon us. 

Answer. As our trust is in Thee. 

Here the service is resumed, when 
the above has been omitted. 

Verse. Hear my prayer, O LORD. 
Answer. And let my cry come 
unto Thee. 

Let us pray. 

VISIT, we beseech Thee, O 
Lord, this habitation, 1 and 
drive far from it all snares of the 
enemy : let Thine holy Angels dwell 
herein, to keep us in peace, and 
may Thy blessing be always upon 
us. Through our Lord JESUS Christ, 
Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth 
with Thee, in the unity of the Holy 
Ghost, one God, world without end. 

Answer. Amen. 

Verse. Hear my prayer, O LORD. 

Answer. And let my cry come 
unto Thee. 

Verse. Bless we the Lord. 

Answer. Thanks be to God. 

The Blessing. 

May the Almighty and Merciful 
Lord, *J* the Father, the Son, and 
the Holy Ghost, bless and keep us. 

Answer. Amen. 

Then follows immediately one of 
these Four Antiphons of the Blessed 
Virgin Mary, according to the season 
of the year. 

I. From the Vespers of the Saturday 
before Advent Sunday till those of 
Candlemas, both inclusive. 

Antiphon. Maiden ! Mother of 
Him Who redeemed us, thou that 
abidest 



Heaven s open gate, and the Star 
of the Sea, come, succour the fallen ! 

Fallen indeed we are, but fain 
would rise by thy succour. 

Thou that beyond nature s course 
hast borne in time the Eternal ; 

Thou that a Virgin before, and 
after that childbirth remainest, 

From the Archangel s lips the 
quickening message receiving, 

Mother of JESUS and us, turn 
thine eyes of mercy on sinners. 

Verse. The Angel of the Lord 
announced unto Mary, 

Answer. And she conceived of 
the Holy Ghost. 

Let us pray. 

WE beseech Thee, O Lord, pour 
Thy grace into our hearts ; 
that, as we have known the Incar 
nation of Thy Son JESUS Christ by 
the message of an Angel, so by His 
Passion and Cross we may be 
brought unto the glory of His 
Resurrection. Through the same 
Christ our Lord. 
Answer. Amen. 

From the First Vespers of Christmas 
inclusive, the Verse and Answer and 
Prayer are as follows : 

Verse. After thy delivery thou 
still remainest a Virgin undefiled. 

Ansiver. Mother of God, pray 
for us. 

Let us pray. 

GOD, Who, by the fruitful 
virginity of the Blessed Mary, 
hast given unto mankind the re 
wards of everlasting life; grant, we 
beseech Thee, that we may con 
tinually feel the might of her in- 



O 



1 This Office was originally the last Prayer before going to rest for the monks of the 
Order of St Benedict. 



COMPLINE. 



211 



tercession ; through whom we have 
worthily received the Author of 
our life, our Lord JESUS Christ 
Thy Son. 

Answer. Amen. 

II. From the Compline of the 2nd 
day of February inclusive to 
Maundy Thursday exclusive. 

Antiphon. Hail, O Mary, Queen 
of heaven, 

Queen of Angel worlds on high, 
Hail, O Rod to Jesse given, 
Blessed Portal of the sky, 

Hail, O Lady, bright and glorious, 
Clad in beauty, pure and true, 
Virgin ! o er sin s stain victorious, 
Sinners for thy succour sue. 

Verse. Holy Virgin, my praise 
by thee accepted be. 

Answer. Give me strength against 
thine enemies. 

Let us pray. 

TV/TOST merciful God, grant, we 
-L A beseech Thee, a succour 
unto the frailty of our nature, that 
as we keep ever alive the memory 
of the holy Mother of God, so by 
the help of her intercession we may 
be raised up from the bondage of 
our sins. Through the same Christ 
our Lord. 

Answer. Amen. 

III. From the First Compline of 
Easter inclusive till the First 
Vespers of Trinity Sunday ex 
clusive. 

Antiphon. Rejoice! rejoice! thou 
Queen of Heaven, Alleluia, 



For He That thee for Son was 
given, Alleluia, 

As He promised is arisen. Alle 
luia. 

Mother, pray to Him for us, 
Alleluia. 

Verse. Be glad and rejoice, O 
Virgin Mary, Alleluia, 

Answer. For the Lord is risen 
indeed. Alleluia. 

Let us pray. 

GOD, Who dost vouchsafe to 
gladden the whole world by 
the resurrection of Thy Son our 
Lord JESUS Christ ; grant, we be- 
scfech Thee, that by the help of 
His Mother the Virgin Mary, we 
may finally attain unto the glad 
ness of life everlasting. Through 
the same Christ our Lord. 
Answer. Amen. 

IV. From the First Vespers of 
Trinity Sunday inclusive till the 
Vespers of Saturday before Ad 
vent Sunday exclusive. 

Antiphon. Hail, O Queen, Mo 
ther of mercy ! hail, our life, our 
sweetness, and our hope. To thee 
we cry, the banished sons of Eve. 
Toward thee we sigh, weeping and 
groaning in this vale of tears. Ah, 
then, thou our Advocate, turn on us 
those merciful eyes of thine ! And, 
after this our exile, show to us JESUS, 
the blessed Fruit of thy womb. O 
most merciful, O most gracious, O 
most sweet Virgin Mary ! * 

Verse. Pray for us, holy Mo 
ther of God. 

Answer. That we may be made 
worthy of the promises of Christ. 



1 Of these four Antiphons, "Maiden Mother" is ascribed to Hermann the Cripple, a 
monk of Reichenau, who died A.D. 1052. The authorship of the second is unknown : it 



212 



THE PSALTER. 



Let us pray. 

ALMIGHTY and everlasting 
God, Who, by the co-opera 
tion of the Holy Ghost, didst make 
ready both the body and soul of 
the glorious Virgin and Mother 
Mary worthily to become a meet 
dwelling for Thy Son ; grant that 
as we rejoice in her memory, so 
by her pitiful intercession we may 
be delivered from the evils that 
continually hang over us, and finally 
from everlasting death. Through 
the same Christ our Lord. 
Answer. Amen. 

After each of these Antiphons is sa$d 
this Blessing: 

God s most mighty strength alway 
Be His people s staff and stay. 
Answer. Amen. 

Lastly, whether Mat tins be to follow 
immediately, or not, the Lord s Prayer, 
the Angelic Salutation, and the Apos 
tles Creed are said inaudibly. 

OUR Father, Who art in heaven, 
Hallowed be Thy Name. 
Thy kingdom come. Thy will 
be done on earth, as it is in 
heaven. Give us this day our 
daily bread. And forgive us our 
trespasses, as we forgive them that 
trespass against us. And lead us 
not into temptation ; but deliver 
us from evil. Amen. 



HAIL, Mary, full of grace ; the 
Lord is with thee : blessed 
art thou among women, and blessed 
is the fruit of thy womb, JESUS. 

Holy Mary, Mother of Gocl, pray 
for us sinners, now, and at the 
hour of our death. Amen. 

T BELIEVE in God, the Father 
* Almighty, Maker of heaven 
and earth. And in JESUS Christ, 
His Only Son, our Lord, Who 
was conceived by the Holy Ghost, 
born of the Virgin Mary, suffered 
under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, 
dead, and buried : He descended 
into hell : the third day He rose 
again from the dead : He ascended 
into heaven, and sitteth at the right 
hand of God the Father Almighty : 
from thence He shall come to 
judge both the quick and the dead. 
I believe in the Holy Ghost, the 
Holy Catholic Church, the Com 
munion of Saints, the P orgiveness 
of sins, the Resurrection of the 
body, and the life everlasting. 

Amen. 



Thus ends the Office of Compline 
throughout the year, in which Office 
the words, " May the souls, &c.," are 
omitted, and the Verse and Answer, 
"The Lord give us, &c.," are not said 
before the Antiphon of the Blessed 
Virgin. 



seems to date from about the eleventh century. The date and authorship of the third are 
likewise unknown ; but a legend has become attached to it, to the effect that St Gregory 
the Great heard the three first lines uttered by an angel, and himself added the fourth, on 
the same occasion on which was instituted the procession upon St Mark s Day. The 
authorship of " Hail, O Queen" is disputed. The last clause is usually admitted to be an 
exclamation uttered by St Bernard of Clairvaux in the cathedral of Spires. But the 
authorship of the rest is disputed, some ascribing it to Hermann the Cripple, others to 
one Peter of Monsoro, bishop of Compostella, others to one Adhemar. bishop of Podium 
(Puy-en-Velay). It seems to have been well known, at least in Spain, early in the 
twelfth century. 



proper >fltce of tfje Reason* 



SEPTEMBER. 



j&un&ag of 



The First Lord s Day of September. 



MATTINS. 
FIRST NOCTURN. 

First Lesson. 
Here beginneth the Book of Job (i. i.) 

HP HE RE was a man in the land of 
Uz, whose name was Job, and 
that man was perfect, and upright, 
and one that feared God and eschewed 
evil. And there were born unto him 
seven sons and three daughters. His 
substance also was seven thousand 
sheep, and three thousand camels, and 
five hundred yoke of oxen, and five 
hundred she-asses, and a very great 
household. So that this man was the 
greatest of all the men of the East. 

First Responsory. 

1 What ! shall we receive good at 
the hand of God, and shall we not 
receive evil ? The LORD gave and the 
LORD hath taken away. As the Lord 



hath pleased, so hath it befallen. 
Blessed be the Name of the LORD. 

Verse. Naked came I out of my 
mother s womb, and naked shall I 
return thither. 

Answer. The LORD gave and the 
LORD hath taken away. As the Lord 
hath pleased, so hath it befallen. 
Blessed be the Name of the LORD. 

Second Lesson. 

AND his sons went and feasted in 
*^ their houses, every one his day. 
And sent and called for their three 
sisters, to eat and to drink with them. 
And it was so, when the days of their 
feasting were gone about, that Job 
sent unto them and sanctified them, 
and rose up early in the morning, and 
offered burnt - offerings according to 
the number of them all. For he said : 
It may be that my sons have sinned, 
and blessed 2 God in their hearts. 
Thus did Job continually. 



1 ii. 10 ; i. 21, 22. 

2 I.e., invoked Him blasphemously in connection with some wicked thoughts, but it seems 
more probable that the expression is here "transferred to curses and impious words against 
God" Himself. So Gesenius. Targum : "provoked." (Walton s Polyglott.) . .-. 



VOL. IV. 



214 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



Second Responsory. 

1 My sighing cometh before I eat, 
and my roarings are poured out like 
the waters, for the thing which I 
greatly feared is come upon me, and 
that which I was afraid of is come 
unto me. Was not I silent ? Held 
not I my peace ? Was not I at rest ? 
And trouble came. 

Verse. Behold, I cannot help my 
self, and they that were needful unto 
me - have forsaken me. 

Answer. And trouble came. 

Third Lesson. 

IVTOW there was a day when the 
sons of God came to present 
themselves before the LORD, and 
Satan came also among them. And 
the LORD said unto him : Whence 
comest thou ? And he answered and 
said : From going to and fro in the 
earth, and from walking up and down 
in it. And the LORD said unto him : 
Hast thou considered My servant Job, 
a perfect, and an upright man, one 
that feareth God and escheweth evil ? 
Then Satan answered and said : Doth 
Job fear God for nought ? Hast Thou 
not made an hedge about him, and 
about his house, and about all that he 
hath, on every side ? [Hast Thou 
not] blessed the work of his hands ? 
And is not his substance increased in 
the land ? But put forth Thine hand 
a little, and touch all that he hath, and 
he will bless 3 Thee to Thy face. 

Third Responsory. 

Why do ye argue against the words 
of truth ? Do ye imagine words to 
reprove me ? and strive to confound 
one that is your friend ? Nevertheless, 
finish that ye have in mind. 



Verse. Judge that which is just, and 
ye shall find no iniquity in my tongue. 

Answer. Nevertheless, finish that 
ye have in mind. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, and 
to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost. 

Answer. Nevertheless, finish that 
ye have in mind. 

SECOND NOCTURN. 

Fourth Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book of 
Moral [Reflections upon Job] written 
by Pope St Gregory [the Great] 
(Bk. ii. ch. i.) 

HTHE Holy Scripture is put before 
the eyes of our mind somewhat 
after the fashion of a looking-glass, 
that we may see therein the aspect 
of our inward man. Therein we see 
what are our unsightly, and what our 
comely traits ; thereby we judge how 
we are growing, and how far yet we 
are from fulness of stature. The Holy 
Scripture telleth of the doings of the 
Saints, and stirreth up the heart of us 
weaklings to follow them. While it 
maketh memorial of their victorious 
deeds, it strengthened our frailty to 
strive against sin. And so by the 
words of the Scripture it cometh to 
pass that the soul trembleth less at 
the battle, for that she seeth how 
many times the enemies before her 
have been beaten by brave men. 

Fourth Responsory. 

4 My flesh is clothed with worms 
and clods of dust. My skin is dry 
and drawn together. Remember me, 
O Lord, for my life is wind. 

Verse. My days are swifter than 
a weaver s shuttle, and are spent with 
out hope. 



1 iii. 24 ; vi. 13. * Latin : necessarii mei. 

3 In a bad sense, as before. Abp. Kenrick has " See if he will not bless Thee " apparently 
taking it as sarcastic. Targum : "if he will not provoke Thee before the face of Thy Word." 

4 vii. 5-7. 



FIRST WEEK: OF SEPTEMBER. 



215 



Answer. Remember me, O Lord, 
for my life is wind. 



Answer. Before I go to a land of 
darkness and of the shadow of death. 



Fifth Lesson. 

A ND some whiles the Scripture 
*r showeth unto us, not only how 
the Saints fought bravely, but also 
how they fell, that we may see by 
the example of the mighty, not only 
what weapons we must take, if we 
would conquer, but also what snares 
we must keep clear of, if we would 
avoid falling. For example, here is 
Job on the one hand, waxing nobler 
under trial, and on the other hand, 
David, tried, and failing utterly. 1 
And so the glory of the great 
strengtheneth our hope, and the back 
sliding of the same doth stir us up 
to be watchful and lowly the one 
cheering us with gladness, and the 
other putting us on our guard through 
fear, so that the soul of him which 
heareth of these things may by the 
one gain sure and certain hope, and 
by the other fearfulness and watch 
fulness, and so neither be rashly puffed 
up, nor hopelessly cast down, nor may 
faint under the weight of dread, for 
asmuch as she is stirred up to trust 
fulness by the example of him who 
triumphed. 

Fifth Responsory. 

2 My days are few, and in a short 
while they will be ended. Let me 
alone, then, O Lord ! that I may be 
wail my sorrow a little, before I go 
to the land of darkness and of the 
shadow of death. 

Verse. Thine hands, O Lord ! have 
made me, and fashioned me together 
round about, and yet dost Thou forth 
with destroy me ? 



Sixth Lesson. (Bk. i. ch. i.) 

""THERE was a man in the land 
of Uz, whose name was Job." 
We are told where this holy man lived, 
that thereby we may gauge the worth 
of his bravery. Who knoweth not 
that Uz is a place in the countries 
of the Gentiles ? 3 The Gentile world 
had been so degraded and corrupted 
by sin, that they had ceased to know 
that they had a Maker. Therefore 
is it told us where Job dwelt, that 
it may redound to his praise that he 
was good in the midst of the wicked. 
It is not very praiseworthy to be good 
among the good, but to be good 
among the bad. For even as it is 
more grievous to be bad among the 
good, so is it right praiseworthy to 
have remained good among the bad. 

Sixth Responsory. 

4 Hide not Thy face from me, O 
Lord ! Withdraw not Thine hand 
far from me, let not Thy dread make 
me afraid. 

Verse. 5 O Lord, correct me but 
in mercy ; not in Thine anger, lest 
Thou bring me to nothing. 

Answer. And let not Thy dread 
make me afraid. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, and 
to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost. 

Answer. And let not Thy dread 
make me afraid. 



THIRD NOCTURN. 

Seventh Responsory. 

6 O that Thou wouldest hide me in 
the grave ! that Thou wouldest keep 



* I.e., in the case of Bathsheba. 2 x. 20, 21, 8. 

Uz lit. "soft and sandy earth," proper name of a region and tribe in the northern part of 
the Arabian desert, between Palestine, Idumeea, and the Euphrates. Ges. 



5 Jer. x. 24. 



xiv. 13 ; x. 5, 6, 7. 



2l6 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



me secret, until Thy wrath be past, 
even Thine, O Lord, Thou That alone 
art God ! That Thou wouldest ap 
point me a set time, and remember me ! 

Verse. Are Thy days as the days 
of man, that Thou inquirest after mine 
iniquity ? and there is none that can 
deliver out of Thine hand. 

Answer. That Thou wouldest ap 
point me a set time, and remember 
me ! 

Eighth Responsory. 

One Seraph cried unto another 
Holy, Holy, Holy is the LORD God 
of hosts : the whole earth is full of 
His glory. 

Verse. There are Three That 
bear record in heaven, the Father, 
the Word, and the Holy Ghost : and 
these Three are One. 

Answer. Holy, Holy, Holy is the 
LORD God of hosts : 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, and 
to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost. 

Answer. The whole earth is full of 
His glory. 

(fllonfcap. 

Second Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book of 
Job(i. 13.) 

AND there was a day when his 
sons and his daughters were 
eating and drinking wine in their 
eldest brother s house. And there 
came a messenger unto Job and said : 
The oxen were ploughing, and the 
asses feeding beside them, and the 
Sabaeans fell upon them and took 
them away ; and they have slain the 
servants with the edge of the sword ; 
and I only am escaped alone to tell 
thee. While he was yet speaking, 

1 xxx. 30, 31 ; vii. 16. 



there came also another, and said : 
The fire of God is fallen from heaven, 
and hath burned up the sheep, and 
the servants, and consumed them ; 
and I only am escaped alone to tell 
thee. 

First Responsory. 

1 My harp is turned to mourning, 
and my organ into the voice of them 
that weep. Let me alone, O Lord, 
for my days are vanity. 

Verse. My skin is black upon me, 
and my bones are burned with heat. 

Answer. Let me alone, O Lord, 
for my days are vanity. 

Second Lesson. 

V\7HILE he was yet speaking there 
came also another, and said : 
The Chaldasans made out three bands, 
and fell upon the camels, and have 
carried them away ; and slain the 
servants with the edge of the sword ; 
and I only am escaped alone to tell 
thee. And while he was yet speaking, 
behold, there came in also another, 
and said : Thy sons and thy daughters 
were eating and drinking wine in their 
eldest brother s house, and, behold, 
there came a great wind from the 
wilderness, and smote the four corners 
of the house, and it fell upon thy 
children ; and they are dead ; and I 
only am escaped alone to tell thee. 

Second Responsory. 

2 O that my sins, whereby I have 
deserved wrath, and the calamity 
whereunder I suffer, were laid in the 
balances together. 

Verse. For now it would appear 
heavier than the sand of the sea, there 
fore also my words are full of sorrow. 

Answer. And the calamity, where 
under I suffer, were laid in the bal 
ances together. 

2 vi. 3, 



FIRST WEEK OF SEPTEMBER. 



Third Lesson. 

HP HEN Job arose, and rent his gar 
ments, and shaved his head, 
and fell down upon the ground, and 
worshipped, and said : Naked came I 
out of my mother s womb, and naked 
shall I return thither. The LORD 
gave, and the LORD hath taken away. 
As the Lord hath been pleased, so is 
it come to pass. Blessed be the Name 
of the LORD ! In all these things, 
Job sinned not with his lips, nor 
charged God with foolishness. 

Third Responsory. 
Why do ye argue, (p. 214.) 



Third Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book of 

Job (ii. i.) 

A GAIN there was a day when the 
** sons of God came to present 
themselves before the LORD, and 
Satan came also among them to pre 
sent himself before the LORD. And 
the LORD said unto Satan : Whence 
comest thou ? And he answered : 
From going to and fro in the earth, 
and from walking up and down in it. 
And the LORD said unto Satan : Hast 
thou considered My servant Job, that 
there is none like him in the earth, a 
perfect and an upright man, one that 
feareth God, and escheweth evil ? 
And still, he holdeth fast his integrity, 
although thou movedst Me against 
him, to afflict him without a cause. 
And Satan answered, and said : Skin 
for skin ! yea, all that a man hath 
will he give for his life. But put 



forth Thine hand now, and touch his 
bone and his flesh. And thou shalt see 
that he will bless * Thee to Thy face ! 

First Responsory. 
My flesh is clothed, &c., (p. 214.) 

Second Lesson. 

A ND the LORD said unto Satan : 
** Behold, he is in thine hand ; 
but save his life. So w r ent Satan forth 
from the presence of the LORD, and 
smote Job with sore boils, from the 
sole of his foot unto his crown. And 
he took a potsherd to scrape away the 
matter, and sat down in a dung-hill. 
Then said his wife unto him : Dost 
thou still retain thine integrity ? Bless 
God, and die ! 2 But he said unto 
her : Thou speakest as one of the 
foolish women speaketh. Shall we 
receive good at the hand of God, and 
shall we not receive evil ? In all this 
did not Job sin with his lips. 

Second Responsory. 
My days are few, &c., (p. 215.) 

Third Lesson. 

TVT OW when Job s three friends heard 
of all this evil that was come 
upon him, they came every one from 
his own place, Eliphaz the Temanite, 
and Bildad the Shuhite, and Zophar 
the Naamathite ; for they had made 
an appointment together to come to 
visit him and to comfort him. And 
when they lifted up their eyes afar 
off, and knew him not, they lifted up 
their voice and wept, and they rent 
their garments, and sprinkled dust 
upon their heads toward heaven. So 
they sat down with him upon the 



1 See note on the Third Lesson on Sunday. 

z So also Gesenius, who explains it thus : " However much thou praisest and blessest God, 
yet thou art to die thy piety towards God is therefore vain." 



218 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



ground seven days and seven nights. 
And none spake a word unto him. 
For they saw that his grief was very 
great. 

Third Responsory. 

Hide not Thy face, &c., (p. 215.) 



Fourth Day. 
MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book of 
Job (iii. i.) 

A FTER this Job opened his mouth, 
and cursed his day, and said : 
Perish the day wherein I was born ! 
and the night in which it was said : 
There is a man-child conceived ! Let 
that day be darkness ! Let not God 
regard it from above ! neither let the 
light shine upon it! Let darkness 
and the shadow of death stain it ! 
Let a cloud dwell upon it ! and let 
bitterness occupy it ! 

First Responsory. 

O that Thou wouldest hide me, &c., 
(P> 215-) 

Second Lesson. 

AS for that night, let darkness 
seize upon it! Let it not be 
joined unto the days of the year ! Let 
it not come into the number of the 
months ! Let that night be solitary- 
let no joyful voice come therein. Let 
them curse it that curse the day, who 
are ready to raise up Leviathan. 1 Let 
the stars be obscured by the darkness 
thereof let it look for light but have 
none ; neither let it see the uprising of 
the breaking day. Because it shut not 



up the doors of the womb that bare 
me, nor hid sorrow from mine eyes. 

Second Responsory. 
O that my sins, &c., (p. 216.) 

Third Lesson. 

V\/"HY died I not from the womb ? 
Why did I not give up the 
ghost when I came out of the belly ? 
Why did the knees receive me ? or 
the breasts, that I should suck ? For 
now should I have lain still and been 
quiet I should have slept then had 
I been at rest with kings and coun 
sellors of the earth, which build deso 
late places for themselves or with 
princes that had gold, who filled their 
houses with silver or as an hidden 
untimely birth I had not been ; as 
infants which never saw light. 2 

Third Responsory. 
Why do ye argue, &c., (p. 214.) 



Fifth Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book of 
Job (iv. i.) 

T HEN Eliphaz the Temanite an 
swered and said : If we essay 
to commune with thee, wilt thou be 
grieved ? But who, having begun to 
speak, can withhold himself from 
speaking ? Behold, thou hast in 
structed many, and thou hast strength 
ened the weak hands. Thy words 
have upholden him that was falling, 
and thou hast strengthened the feeble 



i Targum: "Let the Prophets curse it who curse the day of vengeance which hath been 
prepared, when they are raised up to rehearse their lamentation." 

J The description of the grave in the next few verses is so sublime, and so justly famous, that 
the reader ought to turn to it in the Bible. 



FIRST WEEK OF SEPTEMBER. 



2IQ 



knees. But now affliction is come 
upon thee, and thou faintest ; it hath 
touched thee, and thou are troubled. 
Where is thy fear, thy confidence, thy 
patience, and the uprightness of thy 
ways ? 

First Responsory. 

What ! shall we receive good, &c., 
(A 2I 30 

Second Lesson. 

ID EMEMBER, I pray thee, who 
ever perished, being innocent ? 
or when were the righteous cut off? 
But rather, I have seen them that 
plough iniquity, and sow wickedness, 
reap the same. By the blast of God 
they perish, and by the breath of His 
wrath are they consumed. The roar 
ing of the lion, and the voice of the 
lioness, and the teeth of the young 
lions are broken. The tiger perisheth 
for lack of prey, and the lion s whelps 
are scattered abroad. 

Second Responsory. 
My sighing cometh, &c., (p. 214.) 

Third Lesson. 

~\^ OW a thing was secretly brought 
to me, and mine ear caught as 
it were privily a faint sound thereof. 
In the dread of a vision of the night, 
when deep sleep falleth on men, fear 
came upon me and trembling, which 
made all my bones to shake. Then a 
spirit passed before my face. The hair 
of my flesh stood up. It stood still ; 
but I could not discern the form there 
of; an image was before mine eyes, 
and I heard a voice like the sighing of 
the wind. " Shall mortal man be more 
just than God ? Shall a man be more 
pure than his Maker? Behold, His 
servants were not to be trusted, and in 
His angels He found perverseness." 



Third Responsory. 
Why do ye argue, &c., (p. 214.) 



Sixth Day. 
MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book of 
Job (vi. i.) 

ID UT Job answered and said : O that 
my sins, whereby I have deserved 
wrath, and the calamity whereunder I 
suffer, were laid in the balances to 
gether ! For now it would appeal- 
heavier than the sand of the sea ; 
therefore also my words are full of 
sorrow. For the arrows of the Lord 
are in me ; the poison thereof drinketh 
up my spirit ; and the terrors of the 
Lord do set themselves in array against 



me ! 



< i 



First Responsory. 



1 In the Hebrew "the arrows" are described as 
God." 



My flesh is clothed, &c., (p. 214.) 

Second Lesson. 

"IPjOTH the wild ass bray when he 
^"^ hath grass ? or loweth the ox 
when he standeth before a rack full of 
fodder ? Can that which is unsavoury 
be eaten without salt ? or will one 
taste deadly poison ? The things that 
my soul aforetime refused to touch, are 
now my needful meat. 

Second Responsory. 
My days are few, &c., (p. 215.) 

Third Lesson. 

r\ THAT I might have my request, 
^^ and that God would grant me 
the thing that I long for ! Even that 

of the Almighty," and "the terrors" "of 



22O 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



He That Jiath begun, would destroy 
me ; that He would let loose His hand, 
and cut me off! And then would I 
have comfort, even if He That afflicteth 
me would not spare me. Yea, I would 
not speak against the sentence of the 
Holy One. What is my strength, that 
I should hope ? And what is mine 
end, that I should now bear patiently ? 
My strength is not the strength of 
stones, nor is my flesh of brass. Be 
hold, I have no help in me, and they 
that are needful to me l are gone far 
from me. 

Third Responsory. 
Hide not Thy face, &c., (p. 215.) 



The Sabbath, 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book of 

Job (vii. i.) 

n^HE life of man upon earth is a 
warfare, and his days are like 
the days of an hireling. As a servant 
earnestly desireth the shadow, and as 
an hireling looketh to the reward of his 
work, so have I had months of vanity, 
and have counted the wearisome nights. 
When I lie down, I say : When shall 
I arise ? And again, I long for the 
evening, and am fretted looking for 
the darkness. 



First Responsory. 

O that Thou wouldest hide me, &c., 
(p. 215.) 



Second Lesson. 

IV/r Y flesh is clothed with rottenness, 
and my skin is dried up and 
drawn with clods of dust. My days 
are passed quicker than as when a 
weaver cutteth off the shuttle, and are 
spent without hope. O remember that 
my life is wind, and that mine eye 
shall no more see good. The eye of 
him that hath seen me shall see me no 
more : Thine eyes are upon me, and I 
am not. 

Second Responsory. 
O that my sins, &c., (p. 216.) 

Third Lesson. 

A S the cloud is consumed and van- 
"^ isheth away, so he that goeth 
down to the grave shall come up no 
more. He shall return no more to his 
house, neither shall his place know 
him any more. Therefore I will not 
refrain my mouth ; I will speak in the 
anguish of my spirit ; I will complain 
in the bitterness of my soul. Am I a 
sea, or a whale, 2 that Thou settest a 
watch over me ? 



Third Responsory. 
Why do ye argue, &c., (p. 214.) 

VESPERS. 

Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed 
Virgin. In all these things Job sinned 
not * with his lips, nor charged God 
with foolishness. 

Prayer of the ensuing Sunday. 



1 Latin : necessarii mei. 

2 "Am I a sea, or a sea-monster, that" i.e., am I untamed like the sea? It may be con 
jectured that this word (Yam = Sea) properly denotes the boiling, foaming of the sea. 
Gesenius. 



SECOND WEEK OF SEPTEMBER. 



221 



Suntrag of 

The Second Lord s Day of September. 

MATTINS. 
FIRST NOCTURN. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book of 
Job (ix. i.) 

/ T*HEN Job answered and said : I 
know it is so of a truth, and 
that a man cannot be justified be 
fore God. If He will contend with 
him, he cannot answer Him one of a 
thousand. He is wise in heart and 
mighty in strength ; who hath hardened 
himself against Him and hath pros 
pered ? Which removeth the moun 
tains or ever they whom He overturneth 
in His anger know it 



First Responsory. 

What ! shall we receive, &c., (p. 

2I3-) 

Second Lesson. 



shaketh the earth out of 
her place, and the pillars there 
of tremble Which commandeth the 
sun and it riseth not, and sealeth up 
the stars Which alone spreadeth out 
the heavens, and treadeth upon the 
waves of the sea Which maketh 
Arcturus, and Orion, and the Hyades, 
and the Chambers of the South l 
Which doeth great things past finding 
out, yea, and wonders without number. 



Second Responsory. 
My sighing cometh, c., (p. 214). 



Third Lesson. 

T F He come unto me, I see Him 
not; if He pass on, I perceive 
Him not. If He suddenly maketh in 
quiry, who shall answer Him ? or who 
can say unto Him : Why doest Thou 
thus ? He is God, Whose anger none 
can withstand, and under Whom they 
that bear up the earth are bowed 
down. What then am I, that I should 
answer him, or my words, that I should 
reason with Him ? I, who though I 
were righteous in somewhat, yet would 
not answer Him, but would make sup 
plication to my Judge. If I had called 
and He had answered me, yet would I 
not believe that He had hearkened 
unto my voice. For He breaketh me 
with a tempest, and multiplieth my 
wounds without cause. 

Third Responsory. 
Why do ye argue, &c., (p. 214.) 

SECOND NOCTURN. 
Fourth Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book of 
Moral [Reflections upon Job] written 
by Pope St Gregory [the Great.] 
(Bk. ix. ch. 2.) 

" T KNOW that it is so of a truth, 
and that a man cannot be 
justified as against God." When God 
is put out of the consideration, a man 
may be considered to be just, but con 
sidered as against God, his righteous 
ness vanisheth away. When a man 
measureth himself by his relation to 
Him, Who is the Author of all good, 
he doth thereby acknowledge that of 
himself he hath no good in him, but 
hath received from God whatsoever he 
hath. He that glorifieth himself be- 



1 According to Gesenius, the first constellation named is the Great Bear, the second uncertain, 
but generally taken to be Orion, the third the Pleiades the "Chambers of the South" the 
most remote Southern regions. (Qu. the constellations of more southern skies?) 

VOL. IV. H 2 



222 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



cause of good which hath been given 
him, fig hteth against God with God s 
own gifts. It is just therefore rhat the 
grounds upon which he ought to have 
been humbled, but upon which he 
hath puffed himself up, should be used 
to humble his vain-glory. But an holy 
man, because he perceiveth that the 
worth of our own good deeds falleth 
short, 1 when he considereth his own 
spiritual man, justly saith : " If He 
will contend with him, he cannot 
answer Him one of a thousand." 



Fourth Responsory. 
My flesh is clothed, &c., (p. 214. 



Fifth Lesson. 

T N the Holy Scriptures the numeral 
^ a thousand is used to be taken as 
signifying a generalization. Thus, the 
Psalmist saith : " The word which He 
commanded to a thousand generations" 
(Ps. civ. 8), whereas it is notorious 
that the Evangelist doth not reckon 
more then seventy-and-seven genera 
tions between the very beginning of 
the world and the coming of our 
Redeemer. What therefore is to be 
understood here by a thousand ? The 
general ripeness of the old generation 
to bring forth a new offspring. Hence 
also it is said by John: "And shall 
reign with Him a thousand years " 
(Apoc. xx. 6,) because the reign of 
the Holy Church will be over all 
mankind made perfect. 



Fifth Responsory. 
My days are few, &c., (p. 21 5.) 



Sixth Lesson. 

TEN times one is ten, and ten times 
* ten is an hundred, and ten times 
an hundred is a thousand. Observing 
therefore this connection between one 
and a thousand, what are we to under 
stand by the one [in the text, connected 
as it is with the thousand whereby we 
understand perfection]? Is it not the 
beginning of a good life, even as 
the thousand represented perfection? 
The contending with God [which is 
spoken of in the text] is the non- 
acknowledgment of that which is owed 
to Him, and the vain-glorying instead 
in our own strength. But an holy 
man should see, that even if one had 
received the gifts of perfection, and 
were to make them the grounds of 
self-glorifying, such an one would 
thereby lose all that he had received. 

Sixth Responsory. 
Hide not Thy face, &c., (p. 21 5.) 

THIRD NOCTURN. 

Seventh Responsory. 
O that Thou wouldest hide me, &c., 



Eighth Responsory. 
One seraph cried, &c., (p. 216.) 



Second Day. 
MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book of 

Job (xxvii. i.) 2 



1 Omne virtu tis nostrse meritum esse vitium. 

2 The intermediate chapters are filled with the discussion of Job and his friends upon the 
difficulty of reconciling God s dealings with His justice. Their arguments had been that Job 
must have committed some horrible sin, which pride prevented his confessing, or else, God 
neither could nor would have so punished him. 



SECOND WEEK OF SEPTEMBER. 



22 3 



JV/TOREOVER, Job continued his 
parable and said : As God liveth, 
Who hath taken away my judgment, 
and the Almighty, Who hath vexed 
my soul, all the while my breath is 
in me, and the spirit of God is in 
my nostrils, my lips shall not speak 
wickedness, nor my tongue utter 
deceit. God forbid that I should 
acknowledge you to be right. Till 
I die I will not draw back from 
[asserting] mine integrity. 

First Responsory. 
My harp is turned, &c., (p. 216.) 

Second Lesson. 

JV/T Y righteousness I hold fast, and 
will not let it go, for mine heart 
doth not reprove me for anything in 
mine whole life. Let mine enemy be 
as the wicked, and he that riseth up 
against me as the unrighteous. For 
what is the hope of the hypocrite, 
though he hath gained, but God hold 
not his soul guiltless ? Will God hear 
his cry when trouble cometh upon 
him ? Or can he delight himself in 
the Almighty, and call alway upon 
God? 

Second Responsory. 
O that my sins, &c., (p. 216.) 

Third Lesson. 

T WILL teach you by the hand of God 
that which is with the Almighty, 
and will not conceal it. Behold all ye 
yourselves know it ; why, then, do ye 
talk such groundless folly? This is 
the portion of a wicked man with God, 
and the heritage of the oppressors, 
which they shall receive of the Al 
mighty. If his children be multiplied, 
it is for the sword and his offspring- 



shall not be satisfied with bread. 
Those that remain of him shall be 
buried in destruction ; and his widows 
shall not weep. 

Third Responsory. 
Why do ye argue, &c., (p. 214.) 



Third Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book of 

Job (xxviii. 12.) 

1 ADHERE shall wisdom be found ? 
And where is the place of 
understanding ? Man knoweth not 
the price thereof, neither is it found 
in the land of the easy-living. The 
depth saith : It is not in me ; and 
the sea saith : It is not in me. It 
cannot be gotten for the purest gold, 
neither shall silver be weighed for 
the price thereof. It cannot be 
valued with the dyes of India, with 
the most precious sardonyx stone, or 
the sapphire. 

First Responsory. 
My flesh is clothed, &c., (p. 214.) 

Second Lesson. 

n^HE gold and the crystal cannot 
equal it, and the exchange of 
it shall not be for jewels of fine 
gold. Things noble and esteemed 
shall not be spoken of beside it, 
for wisdom is drawn from the secret 
places. The topaz of Ethiopia shall 
not equal it, neither shall it be valued 
with the purest colour. Whence 
then cometh wisdom ? And where 



Job still speaking. 



22 4 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



is the place of understanding ? It 
is hid from the eyes of all living, 
and lieth unseen by the birds of the 
air. Destruction and death say : 
We have heard the fame thereof 
with our ears. 

Second Responsory. 
My days are few, &c., (p. 215.) 

Third Lesson. 

/"""OB understandeth the way there- 
^^ of, and He knoweth the place 
thereof. For He looketh to the ends 
of the earth, and seeth under the 
whole heaven even He Who maketh 
the weight for the winds, and weigheth 
the waters by measure. When He 
made a decree for the rain, and a 
way for the thunderstorms, then did 
He see it, and declare it, and pre 
pare it, and search it out ; and unto 
man He said : Behold, the fear of 
the LORD, that is wisdom ; and to 
depart from evil is understanding. 

Third Responsory. 
Hide not Thy face, &c., (p. 215.) 



Fourth Day. 

MATTINS. 
First Lesson. 



to the wicked ? and to be set afar 
off unto the workers of iniquity ? 
Doth not He see my ways, and 
count all my steps ? If I have 
walked with vanity, or if my foot 
hath hasted to deceit, let Him weigh 
me in an even balance, and let God 
know mine integrity. 

First Responsory. 

O that Thou wouldest hide me, 
&c., (p. 215.) 

Second Lesson. 

T F my step hath turned out of the 
way, and mine heart walked 
after mine eyes, and if any blot 
hath cleaved to mine hands, then 
let me sow, and let another eat, 
and let mine offspring be rooted 
out. If mine heart have been de 
ceived by a woman, or if I have 
laid wait at my neighbour s door, 
then let my wife be harlot unto 
another, and let others bow down 
upon her. For this is an heinous 
crime, and a most abominable wicked 
ness. It is a fire that consumeth to 
destruction, and would root out all 
increase. 



Second Responsory. 
O that my sins, &c., (p. 216. 

Third Lesson. 



The Lesson is taken from the Book J F l did des pise the cause of my 



I 



of Job (xxxi. i.) 1 
MADE a covenant with mine 



man - servant, or of my maid 
servant, when they contended with 
me what then shall I do when 

eyes, not so much as to think God riseth up to judge me ? And 
upon a maid. For what portion when He demandeth of me, what 
would God have in me from above ? 
and what inheritance the Almighty 
from on high ? Is not destruction 



shall I answer Him ? Did not He 
That made me in the womb make 
him ? And did not One fashion us 



] Job still speaking. 



SECOND WEEK OF SEPTEMBER. 



225 



in the womb ? If I have withheld 
their desire from the poor, or have 
caused the eyes of the widow to 
wait if I have eaten my morsel 
myself alone, and the fatherless hath 
not eaten thereof (but compassion 
grew with me from my childhood, and 
came out with me from my 
mother s womb) [if I have seen 
any perish for want of clothing, 
or any poor without covering, if 
his loins have not blessed me, and 
if he were not warmed with the 
fleece of my sheep, if I have lifted 
up my hand against the fatherless, 
when I saw my help in the gate, 
then let mine arm fall from my 
shoulder-blade, and mine arm be 
broken from the bone.] 

Third Responsory. 
Why do ye argue, &c., (p. 214.) 



Fifth Day. 
MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book 
of Job (xxxviii. I.) 1 



r*HEN the LORD answered Job 
out of the whirl - wind, and 
said : Who is this that darkeneth 
counsel by words without knowledge ? 
Gird up thy loins like a man, for 
I will demand of thee, and answer 
thou Me. Where wast thou when 
I laid the foundations of the earth ? 



Declare if thou hast understanding. 
Who hath laid the measures thereof, 
if thou knowest ? or who hath 
stretched the line upon it ? Where 
upon are the foundations thereof 
fastened ? or who laid the corner 
stone thereof, when the morning stars 
sang My praise together, and all the 
sons of God shouted for joy ? 

First Responsory. 

What ! shall we receive, &c., (p. 
2130 

Second Lesson. 

O shut up the sea with doors, 
when it brake forth, as if it 
had issued out of the womb, when 
I made the cloud the garment 
thereof, and thick darkness a swad- 
dling-band for it ? I set it within 
such bounds as I would, and set 
bars and doors, and said : Hitherto 
shalt thou come and no farther ; 
and here shall thy proud waves be 
stayed. Hast thou commanded the 
morning since thy days, and caused 
the dayspring to know his place ? 
Yea, hast thou taken hold of the 
uttermost parts of the earth and 
made them to quiver, and shaken 
the wicked out of it ? 2 

Second Responsory. 
My sighing cometh, &c., (p. 214.) 

Third Lesson. 

3 T^HE seal shall be restored as 

clay, and shall stand as a 

garment. From the wicked their 



1 The discourse of Job continues to the end of ch. xxx. With ch. xxxii. it is announced that 
the original disputants now became silent, but " Elihu the son of Barachel the Buzite," incensed 
at their lame and impotent conclusion, begins to address them. His discourse lasts to the end 
of ch. xxxvii., and xxxviii. begins abruptly as above. 

2 Abp. Kenrick says that De Rossi "refers this to" [God s action by means of] "the morn 
ing, which seems to take the earth at both extremities, and to shake from its surface evil-doers, 
who have abused the darkness for the perpetration of crime." 

3 The description of morning is continued. " As clay receives an impression from a seal, 
so the earth receives new form and appearance from the light of morning" and "the light 
becomes as a garment for the earth." (Abp. Kenrick.) Compare also the Revised Version. 



226 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



light shall be withholden, and the 
high arm shall be broken. Hast 
thou entered into the springs of the 
sea ? or hast thou walked in the 
search of the depth? Have the 
gates of death been opened unto 
thee ? or hast thou seen the doors 
of the shadow [of death] ? Hast 
thou perceived the breadth of the 
earth ? Declare, if thou knowest it 
all where the way is where light 
dwelleth, and where is the place of 
darkness, that thou canst trace every 
thing to its beginning, and knowest 
the paths to the house thereof. 

Third Responsory. 
Why do ye argue, &c., (p. 214.) 



Sixth Day. 
MATTINS- 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book of 
Job (xl. i.) 

"THEN answered 1 the LORD unto 
Job out of the whirl-wind, and 
said : Gird up thy loins like a man ; 
I will demand of thee, and declare 
thou unto Me. Wilt thou disannul 
My judgment ? Wilt thou condemn 
Me, that thou mayest justify thyself? 
Hast thou an arm like God ? or 
canst thou thunder with a voice like 
Him ? Deck thyself now with maj 
esty and excellency, and array thyself 
with glory and beauty ! 



First Responsory. 
My flesh is clothed, c., (p. 214.) 

Second Lesson. 

CCATTER the haughty in thy rage, 
^ and behold every one that is 
proud, and abase him. Look on 
every one that is proud, and bring 
him low, and tread down the wicked 
in their place. Hide them in the 
dust together, and plunge their faces 
into the pit. Then will I also con 
fess unto thee that thine own right 
hand can save thee. 

Behold, the behemoth, 2 which I 
made with thee. He eateth grass 
as an ox. His strength is in his 
loins, and his force in the navel of 
his belly. 

Second Responsory. 
My days are few, &c., (p. 215.) 

Third Lesson, (xlii. i.) 

"THEN Job answered the LORD, 
and said: I know that Thou 
canst do everything, and that no 
thought can be withholden from 
Thee. " Who is he that hideth 
counsel without knowledge ?" 3 There 
fore have I spoken foolishly, and con 
cerning things which are utterly be 
yond the reach of my knowledge. 
"Hear, and I will speak; I will 
demand of thee, and answer thou 
Me." 3 I have heard of Thee by 
the hearing of the ear, but now mine 
eye seeth Thee. Wherefore I abhor 
myself, and repent in dust and ashes. 



1 At the end of ch. xxxix. Job cries out that he is silenced, and cannot say any more. 

2 The behemoth is described till the end of the chapter, and theologians, naturalists, &c., are 
not agreed as to what animal is meant, though the common opinion is that it is the hippo 
potamus. Similar doubts exist about the leviathan in this and the next chapter (generally 
believed to be the crocodile), but all naturalists will read with delight this appeal of the 
Creator, in which He cites His works as the living evidence of His being, power, wisdom, 
and goodness. The description of an horse (xxxix. 19-25) is particularly celebrated. 

3 Quotations, of which he acknowledges the justice. 



SECOND WEEK OF SEPTEMBER. 



227 



Third Responsory. 
Hide not Thy face, &c., (p. 215.) 



The Sabbath. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book of 
Job (xlii. 70 

A ND after the LORD had spoken 
** these words unto Job, He l said 
to Eliphaz the Temanite : My wrath 
is kindled against thee, and against 
thy two friends, for ye have not 
spoken the thing that is right in 
My sight, as My servant Job hath. 
Therefore take unto you now seven 
bullocks and seven rams, and go to 
My servant Job, and offer up for 
yourselves a burnt-offering. And My 
.servant Job shall pray for you for 
him will I accept that your folly 
may not be imputed unto you ; in 
that ye have not spoken of Me the 
thing that is right, like My servant 
Job. 

First Responsory. 
O that Thou wouldest, &c., (p. 215.) 

Second Lesson. 

CO Eliphaz the Temanite, and Bil- 
*? dad the Shuhite, and Zophar the 
Naamathite went, and did according 
as the LORD commanded them ; the 
LORD also accepted Job. The LORD 
also gave ear unto the supplication 
of Job, when he prayed for his 
friends. And the LORD gave Job 



twice as much as he had before. 
Then came there unto him all his 
brethren, and all his sisters, and all 
they that had been of his acquaint 
ance before, and did eat bread with 
him in his house ; and they bemoaned 
him, and comforted him over all the 
evil that the LORD had brought upon 
him ; every man also gave him one 
sheep, and one ring 2 of gold. 

Second Responsory. 
O that my sins, &c., (p. 216.) 

Third Lesson. 

A ND the LORD blessed the latter 
^^ days of Job more than his be 
ginning. For he had fourteen thou 
sand sheep, and six thousand camels, 
and a thousand yoke of oxen, and a 
thousand she - asses. He had also 
seven sons and three daughters. And 
he called the name of the first " Day," 
and the name of the second " Cassia," 
and the name of the third " Horn-of- 
paint," and in all the land were no 
women found so fair as the daughters 
of Job ; and their father gave them 
inheritance among their brethren. 
After this lived Job an hundred and 
forty years, and saw his sons, and 
his son s sons, even four generations ; 
and he died, old and full of days. 

Third Responsory. 
Why do ye argue, &c., (p. 214.) 

Vespers are of the Feast of the Seven 
Sorrows of the Blessed Virgin, unless 
they be supplanted by that of her holy 
Name, or that of the Octave of her 
Birth, or that of the Apostle St 



1 The Hebrew repeats the Divine Name. 

2 A " sheep" is understood to mean here a particular piece of money which bore the imag 
of a sheep, somewhat as big dog and little dog are names among the common people of Spain 
for a penny and a halfpenny ; a "ring " perhaps denotes pierced money, like that still usec 
the Chinese, but anciently elsewhere also. 



228 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



Matthew in which case the Feast 
of her Sorrows is moved on to the 
next Sunday which is not occupied 
by a Double of the First or Second 
Class. In any case, no more of the 
Office of this Third Sunday is said 
than the Antiphon forming part of 
the Commemoration of the Sunday at 
Vespers on Saturday evening, which 
is as follows : 

Antiphon. Remember not, Lord, 
mine offences, nor the offences of my 
forefathers, neither take Thou venge 
ance of my sins. (Tob. iii. 3.) 

Verse. Let the evening prayer as 
cend unto Thee, O Lord. 

Answer. And let there descend 
upon us Thy mercy. 

Prayer of the Sunday. 



Cfjtrlr Suntmg of September. 

The Third Lord s Day of September. 

This day is always occupied by a 
festival. 



Second Day. 

MATTINS. 
First Lesson. 

Here beginneth the Book of Tobias 
(i. i.) 

T^OBIAS, of the tribe and state of 
Nephtali, (which is in the upper 
parts of Galilee above Naasson, after 
the way that leadeth unto the West, 
having the city of Saphed upon the 
left,) the same was taken a prisoner 
in the days of Salmanasar King of 



the Assyrians, but albeit he was in 
captivity yet he swerved not out of the 
way of truth. All things whatsoever 
that he had, he shared them, day by 
day, with his brethren of the captivity 
that were of his own lineage. And 
being the youngest of all the tribe 
of Nephtali, yet behaved he himself in 
nowise as a child. 

First Responsory. 

1 I entreat Thee, O Lord, that Thou 
vvouldest loose me from this reproach, 
or that Thou wouldest take me away 
from the earth. Remember not mine 
offences nor the offences of my fore 
fathers, neither take Thou vengeance 
of my sins ; for Thou, O Lord, art a 
Redeemer unto all that hope in Thee. 

Verse. For all Thy judgments are 
just, and all Thy ways are mercy and 
truth. And now, O Lord, remember 
me. 

Answer. Remember not mine 
offences nor the offences of my fore 
fathers, neither take Thou vengeance 
of my sins ; for Thou, O Lord, art a 
Redeemer unto all that hope in Thee. 

Second Lesson. 

TV/T OREOVER, when all men sought 
after the golden calves which 
Jeroboam King of Israel had made, 
this man alone separated himself from 
the company of all of them ; and went 
unto Jerusalem unto the Temple of the 
Lord, and worshipped there the Lord 
God of Israel, and offered faithfully 
his first-fruits and his tithes, and every 
third year he gave a tithe unto the 
proselytes and strangers. These things 
and the like did he, according to the 
law of God, when he was a child. 
Furthermore, when he was come to 
the age of a man, he married Anna 
of his own kindred, and of her he 



1 Tob. iii. 15, 3, 2. 



THIRD WEEK OF SEPTEMBER. 



22 9 



begat a son, unto whom he gave his 
own name, and trained him up from 
a child to fear God, and to abhor all 
evil. (Third Lesson for Sunday.} 
Therefore, when he was carried away 
captive to Ninive, with his wife and 
his son, and all his tribe, and they 
all did eat of the bread of the Gen 
tiles, he kept his own soul clean, 
and never defiled himself with their 
meat. And because he remembered 
the Lord with all his heart, God 
gave him grace before Salmanasar 
the King, and he gave him power 
to go wheresoever he would, and 
freedom to do whatsoever he pleased. 
He went therefore unto all that were 
of the captivity, and exhorted them 
with wholesome words. 



Second Responsory. 

1 In all seasons bless God, and ask 
of Him to order thy goings, and in 
all seasons let thy counsels be stead 
fastly in Him. 

Verse. Seek faithfully and with 
all thy strength to do such things 
as please Him. 

Answer. And in all seasons let 
thy counsels be steadfastly in Him. 



Third Lesson. (First Lesson of Mon 
day.} (ii. i.) 

A ND after these things, when 
^^ there was a Feast of the Lord, 
and there was a good dinner pre 
pared in the house of Tobias, he 
said unto his son : Go and bring 
some out of our brethren that fear 
God, that they may dine with us. 
But after that he was gone out, he 
came again, and said unto him, that 
one of the children of Israel had 
been slain, and was lying in the 
market-place. Then straightway he 



started up, and left his dinner, and 
went fasting unto the dead body, 
and took it up, and carried it to his 
own house secretly, that he might 
bury it cautiously after the going- 
down of the sun. (Second Lesson of 
Monday.} But all his neighbours 
chided him, and said : Already thou 
hast been condemned to death for 
this matter, and hardly didst thou 
escape from the power of the grave : 
and dost thou bury the dead again ? 
But Tobias feared God more than 
the King, and took away the bodies 
of them that were slain, and hid 
them in his house, and buried them 
in the midst of the night. So it 
came to pass that on a certain day 
he returned weary from the burial, 
and came into his own house, and 
lay down by the wall and slept, and 
as he was asleep there fell upon 
his eyes warm dung out of a swal 
low s nest, and he became blind. 
This trial did the Lord allow to 
befall him, that his patience, like 
the patience of holy Job, might be 
an ensample to them that come after 
him. (Third Lesson of Monday.} 
For from a child he had alway 
feared God, and kept His command 
ments, and therefore, when the afflic 
tion of blindness came upon him, 
he was not angered against God, 
but remained unshaken in the fear 
of God, giving God thanks all the 
days of his life. For even as kings 
mocked at blessed Job, so did his 
kinsmen and his cousins mock at 
his life, saying : Where now is thine 
hope, for the which thou didst give 
alms and bury the dead ? But 
Tobias rebuked them, saying : Speak 
not thus, seeing that we are the 
children of the Saints, and that we 
look for that life which God will 
give unto them that deal never 
falsely in His covenant. 



1 iv. 20 ; xiv. 10. 



230 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



Third Responsory. 

1 My son, remember that we have 
but a frail life. If thou fear God 
thou shalt have great goods. 

Verse. Be mindful of Him, and 
beware lest ever thou transgress His 
commandments. 

Answer. If thou fear God thou 
shalt have great goods. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, and 
to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost. 

Answer. If thou fear God thou 
shalt have great goods. 



Third Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book 
of Tobias (ii. n.) 

|sj" OW Anna his wife went to do 
women s work every day, and 
she brought home such living as she 
could obtain by the work of her 
hands. And so it came to pass that 
she received a kid of the goats, and 
brought it home. And when her 
husband heard it cry, he said : See 
that haply it be not stolen ; render 
it to the owners ; for it is not law 
ful to eat nor to touch anything 
that is stolen. 

First Respo?isory. 

2 Our poverty was enough for us, 
that it might have been accounted 
riches. O that the money had never 
been, for which thou hast sent away 
our son, the staff of our old age ! 

Verse. Alas ! my son, wherefore 
have we sent thee wandering, even 
thee, the light of our eyes ! 

Answer. The staff of our old age ! 



Second Lesson. 

HEREUPON his wife was en- 
raged against him, and said : 
It is manifest that thine hope is 
disappointed, and that thine alms 
come not back unto thee again. 
And with these and the like words 
did she revile him. (iii.) Then Tobias 
groaned and began to weep, and 
prayed, and said : O Lord, Thou 
art just, and all Thy judgments are 
just, and all Thy ways are mercy, 
and truth, and judgment. And now, 
O Lord, remember me, and take not 
vengeance of my sins, neither remem 
ber mine offences, nor the offences 
of my forefathers. 



Second Responsory. 

3 Bless the God of heaven, and 
confess Him before all living, for 
He hath had mercy upon you. 

Verse. Bless Him, and sing 
praises unto Him, and tell of all 
His marvellous works. 

Answer. For He hath had mercy 
upon you. 

Third Lesson. 

T7OR we obeyed not Thy command 
ments, wherefore Thou hast de 
livered us for a spoil, and unto cap 
tivity, and unto death, and for a 
proverb, and a reproach to all the 
nations among whom we are dis 
persed. And now, O Lord, great 
are Thy judgments ; because we 
have not kept Thy commandments, 
neither have walked in truth before 
Thee. And now, O Lord, deal with 
me as seemeth best unto Thee, and 
command my spirit to be taken from 
me in peace, for it is profitable for 
me to die rather than to live. 



f. 23, 6. 



2 V. 25, 24, 23. 



3 xii, 6, 18, 20. 



THIRD WEEK OF SEPTEMBER. 



231 



Third Responsory. 

1 It is time for me to return unto 
Him That sent me, but bless ye 
God, and tell of all His marvellous 
works. 

Verse. Confess Him before all 
living, for He hath had mercy upon 
you. 

Answer. But bless ye God, and 
tell of all His marvellous works. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer. But bless ye God, and 
tell of all His marvellous works. 



Fourth Day in the September Week of 
Quarter- Tense. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Holy 
Gospel according to Mark (ix. 16.) 

A T that time : One of the multi- 
^^ tude answered and said unto 
JESUS : Master, I have brought unto 
Thee my son, which hath a dumb 
spirit. And so on. 

Homily by the Venerable Bede, 
Priest [at Jarrow.] (Bk. iii. ch. 38, 
on Mark ix.) 

Concerning this possessed person 
whom the Lord healed, after that 
He was come down from the mount, 
Mark saith that he was deaf and 
dumb, and Matthew (xvii. 15) that 
he was lunatic. 2 He was a figure 
of them of whom it is said : " A 
fool changeth as the moon," (Ecclus. 
xxvii. 12.) These are they who 
continue never in one stay, but 
change now to one sin, and now to 



another, waxing and waning dumb, 
in that they confess not the faith ; 
deaf, in that they have no ears for 
the word of truth. They foam at 
the mouth also, and pine away with 
folly. For it is the way with idiots, 
and swooners, and stupified, to foam 
their spittle out at their mouths. 
They gnash their teeth when they 
are inflamed with the heat of passion. 
They wither up in the paralysis of 
sloth : and live nerveless lives un 
braced by any strong exercise. 

First Responsory. 

We have heard of the tribulation of 
those cities, which they have suffered, 
and we have fainted. Fear and con 
fusion of mind are fallen upon us. 
Even the mountains will not give us 
a refuge. Lord, have mercy. 

Verse. 3 We have sinned like our 
forefathers, we have done unjustly, 
and wrought iniquity. 

Answer. Lord, have mercy. 

Second Lesson. 

HTHE father saith: "And I spake 
to Thy disciples, that they 
should cast him out, and they could 
not." Here he maketh a sort of 
accusation against the Apostles. But 
that cures cannot be wrought is some 
times owing, not to the powerlessness 
of them that would heal, but to the 
want of faith in them that are to be 
healed as saith the Lord: "Accord 
ing to your faith be it unto you." 
(Matth. ix. 29.) He answereth him, 
and saith : " O faithless generation, 
how long shall I be with you ? " The 
meek and lowly One, Who, as a lamb 
before his shearers, is dumb, so opened 
not His Mouth, was not wearied out 
of patience, nor did He break out into 
words of passion, but He spake as a 



1 xii. 6, 18, 20. 



2 I.e., moon-struck. 



3 Judith vii. 19. 



232 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



physician might speak, who saw that 
the sick man did contrary to his com 
mands. "Wherefore should I come 
unto thine house ? How long am I 
to throw away the exercise of my skill, 
while I order one thing and thou dost 
another ? " 

Second Responsory. 
In all seasons, &c., (p. 229.) 

Third Lesson. 

" A ND He said unto them : This 
*"* kind can come forth by 
nothing but by prayer and fasting." 
While He teacheth the Apostles how 
the very worst kind of devil must be 
driven out, He giveth unto all of us 
an instruction unto life, that we may 
know that the most grievous trials, 
either from unclean spirits, or from 
men, are to be overcome by fasting 
and prayer. The wrath of the Lord 
also, when it is kindled to take 
vengeance of our sins, can be turned 
away by this remedy only. To fast, 
in a general sense, is not only to ab 
stain from meats, but to restrain one 
self from all the inticements of the 
flesh, and from all evil passions. So 
also, to pray, is not only to call in 
words for the mercy of God, but also, 
in all things which we do, in earnest 
ness of faith to worship our Maker. 

Third Responsory. 
My son, remember, &c., (p. 230.) 

LAUDS. 

Antiphon at the Song of Zacharias. 
This kind of devils * can come forth 
by nothing but by prayer and fasting. 

Long Preces. 



Prayer. 

pray Thee, O Lord, that the 
healing power of Thy mercy 
may give strength to our weakness, 
that those things which do pass away 
by their own frailty, may be renewed 
again by Thy clemency. Through 
our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who 
liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the 
unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, 
world without end. Amen. 

Long Preces at Prime. 

Prayer at Terce, Sext, and None as 
at Lauds, and Preces. 

At Vespers, Preces, but Prayer of 
last Sunday. 



Fifth Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book of 
Tobias (xii. i.) 1 

"THEN Tobias called his son unto 
him, and said unto him : What 
can we give to that holy man that is 
come with thee ? And Tobias an 
swered and said unto his father : 
Father, what wages shall we give 
unto him ? or what can be a sufficient 
reward for all the kindness that he 
hath done ? He hath led me, and 
brought me again in safety, and him 
self received the money from Gabel, 
and made me to have my wife, and 
driven away from her the devil [that 
troubled her], and made her parents 
to rejoice, and delivered me myself 
from being swallowed up by the fish. 
Thee also he hath made to see the 



1 The intermediate chapters contain an account of the adventures of Tobias the younger, 
when, accompanied by a mysterious stranger, he made a journey to recover some money for 
his father. 



THIRD WEEK OF SEPTEMBER. 



233 



light of heaven, and by him are we 
filled with all good things. For these 
things what sufficient reward shall we 
give him ? But, I pray thee, my 
father, ask him if haply it please him 
to take half of all that hath been 
brought. 

First Responsory. 

I entreat Thee, O Lord, &c., (/. 

228.) 

Second Lesson. 

CO the father and the son called 
him, and took him apart, and 
began to ask him if it would please 
him to take half of all that had been 
brought. Then he said unto them 
secretly : Bless the God of Heaven, 
and confess Him before all living, for 
He hath had mercy upon you. Verily 
it is a good thing to keep the king s 
secret, but to show forth and to ac 
knowledge the works of God is hon 
ourable. Prayer is good with fasting, 
and to lay up alms rather than to lay 
up stores of gold. For alms doth 
deliver from death, and the same it is 
which purgeth away sin, and causeth 
to find mercy and everlasting life. 
But they that work sin and iniquity 
are enemies of their own soul. 

Second Responsory. 
In all seasons, &c., (p. 229.) 

Third Lesson. 

^THEREFORE I show you the 
truth, and will not keep an 
hidden matter back from you. When 
thou didst pray with tears, and bury 
the dead, and leave thy dinner, and 
hide the dead in thine house by day, 
and bury them by night, I did bring 
up thy prayer before the Lord. And 
because thou wast accepted with God, 
it was needs that temptation should 



try thee. And now the Lord sent me 
to heal thee, and to deliver Sara thy 
son s wife from a devil. For I am 
the Angel Raphael, one of the seven, 
which stand before the Lord. And 
when they heard it, they were troubled, 
and quaked, and fell upon their faces 
on the ground. And the angel said 
unto them : Peace be unto you ; fear 
not. 

Third Responsory. 
My son, remember, &c., (p. 230.) 



Sixth Day in the September Week of 
Quarter-Tense. 

MATTINS. 
First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Holy 
Gospel according to Luke (vii. 36.) 

A T that time : One of the Pharisees 
*""* desired JESUS that He would eat 
with him. And He went into the 
Pharisee s house, and sat down to 
meat. And so on. 

Homily by Pope St Gregory [the 
Great.] (^^rd on the Gospels. ,) 

Of what is the Pharisee that was 
exalted by self-righteousness a type, 
but of the Jewish people ? And of 
what the woman which was a sinner 
and came and wept at the Lord s feet, 
but of the conversion of the Gentiles ? 
She " brought an alabaster box of oint 
ment, and stood at His feet behind 
Him weeping, and began to wash His 
Feet with tears, and did wipe them 
with the hairs of her head, and kissed 
His Feet, and anointed them with the 
ointment." Of us, therefore, even of 
us, was that woman a type, if after 
our sins we turn unto the Lord with 
all our heart, and imitate the example 



234 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



of her repentant grief. And of what 
is the ointment a type, but of the 
sweet savour of a good reputation ? 
Whence also Paul saith : "[God 
maketh manifest the savour of His 
knowledge by us] in every place ; [for] 
we are unto God a sweet savour of 
Christ." (2 Cor. ii. 15.) 

First Responsory. 

Our poverty was enough, &c., (p. 
230.) 

Second Lesson. 

T F therefore we do good works, 
whereby we gain for the Church 
the savour of good reputation, what 
do we but pour ointment upon the 
body of the Lord ? But the woman 
stood at the Feet of JESUS, behind 
Him : we stood opposite to the Feet 
of the Lord, what time we were in sin, 
and went contrary unto His ways. 
But when we turn again, and truly 
repent us of our sins, we stand behind 
His Feet, for we follow His footsteps 
against Whom we once contended. 
The woman washed His Feet with her 
tears ; and we do in very deed the 
same when we show the tenderness 
of sympathy to any of His humbler 
members, when we feel with His 
Saints in their tribulations, when we 
make their woes our own. 



of our compassion. He washeth the 
Feet of the Redeemer, but wipeth them 
not with his hair, who feeleth for the 
sufferings of his neighbours, but never 
theless, relieveth them not, even out 
of such things as he himself hath no 
need for. He weepeth, but wipeth not, 
who offereth words of tenderness, but 
sootheth not sorrow by giving such 
things as be lacking. The woman 
kissed the Feet ; and we do fully the 
same, if we warmly love those whom 
out of bounty we support, so that the 
neediness of our neighbour is not 
grievous unto us, nor the penury which 
we relieve a weariness to us, nor, when 
the hand is giving what is needful, the 
heart is untouched by compassion. 

Third Responsory. 
It is time for me, &c., (p. 231.) 

LAUDS. 

Antiphon at the Song of Zacharias. 
A woman in the city which was a 
sinner stood at the Lord s Feet behind 
Him, * and began to wash His Feet 
with tears, and did wipe them with 
the hairs of her head, and kissed His 
Feet, and anointed them with the 
ointment. 

Lonsc Preces. 



Second Responsory. 

Bless the God of heaven, &c., (p. 

230.) 

Third Lesson. 

wipe the Lord s Feet with our 
hair when we give charity, even 
out of such things as we have ourselves 
no need of, to His holy ones, with 
whom we feel in their trials, in as far 
as our heart so sympathizeth, that the 
bounty of our hand showeth the truth 



Prayer. 

Q^RANT, we beseech Thee, O Al 
mighty God, that we who every 
year do earnestly renew the sacred 
observance of this Fast, may please 
Thee both in body and in soul. 
Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy 
Son, Who liveth and reigneth with 
Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, 
one God, world without end. Amen. 

Long Preces at Prime. 



THIRD WEEK OF SEPTEMBER. 



235 



Prayer at Terce, Sext, and None as 
at Latids, and Preces. 

At Vespers, Preces, but Prayer of 
last Sunday. 



Sabbath in the September Week of 
Quarter- Tense. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Holy 
Gospel according to Luke (xiii. 6.) 

A T that time : JESUS spake unto the 
^~^ multitudes this parable : A cer 
tain man had a fig-tree planted in his 
vineyard, and he came and sought 
fruit thereon, and found none. And 
so on. 

Homily by Pope St Gregory [the 
Great.] ($ist on the Gospels.) 

Our Lord and Redeemer speaketh 
unto us sometimes by words, and 
sometimes by deeds, sometimes one 
thing by words, and another by deeds, 
and sometimes the same thing both 
by word and deed. In the portion 
of the Gospel which hath this day 
been read, ye have heard, my brethren, 
two things, the parable of the fig-tree 
and the history of the woman which 
was bowed together. In both is a 
manifestation of the Lord s mercy, but 
in the one by a parable, in the other 
by an example. But the barren fig- 
tree signifieth the same thing as doth 
the woman bowed together, and the 
patience shown to the fig-tree the same 
thing as doth the healing of the woman 
bowed together. 

First Responsory. 

We have heard of the tribulation, 
&c., (p. 231.) 



Second Lesson. 

/""\F what is the fig-tree a type, but 
^^ of mankind ? Of what is the 
woman bowed together by a spirit of 
infirmity a type, but of the same man 
kind ? Man was originally placed in 
a garden like the fig-tree, and created 
upright like the woman, but man fell 
away by his own wilful fault ; like the 
fig-tree he brought forth no fruit ; 
like the woman he ceased to stand 
straight. When he wilfully went into 
sin, because he would not bring forth 
the fruit of obedience, he lost his up 
rightness. The nature which had 
been created in the image of God, 
continued not in honour, but cast aside 
the state wherein it had been placed 
and made. The lord of the vineyard 
came thrice to the fig-tree, for God 
hath come in hope, and in warning, 
seeking fruit from mankind under 
three successive dispensations, that is 
to say, before the law, under the law, 
and under grace. 

Second Responsory. 
In all seasons, &c., (p. 229.) 

Third Lesson. 

T_T E came before the law, in that by 
natural understanding, He let 
all know by example of Himself, what 
and how they should do toward their 
neighbour. In the law He came 
teaching. After the law He came by 
grace, opening, manifesting His merci 
ful Presence. But after all these three 
years He yet hath to complain that 
He findeth no fruit upon the fig-tree, 
for there are still some degraded minds 
which the inborn voice of the natural 
law doth not control, which the com 
mandments do not teach, and which 
the wonders of the Incarnation itself 
do not convert. Of what is the dresser 
of the vineyard a type, but of the 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



Episcopacy ? For these are they who 
have the government in the Church, 
and are therefore truly called the 
dressers of the Lord s vineyard. 

Third Responsory. 
My son, remember, &c., (p. 230.) 

LAUDS. 

Antiphon at the Song of Zacharias. 
Give light, O Lord, to them that sit in 
darkness, * and guide our feet into 
the way of peace, O Thou the God of 
Israel. 

Long Preces. 

Prayer. 

r\ ALMIGHTY and everlasting 
V^ God, Who hast chosen healthy 
fasting, as a mean to do good both to 
bodies and to souls, we humbly implore 
Thy Majesty, that the godly prayer of 
such as be fasting this day may turn 
away Thy wrath, and may be effectual 
to gain for us Thy blessing in time 
and in eternity. Through our Lord 
JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and 
reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the 
Holy Ghost, one God, world without 
end. Amen. 

Long Preces at Prime. 

Prayer at Terce, Sext, and None as 
at Lauds, and Preces. 

VESPERS. 

Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed 
Virgin. l O AdonaT, O Lord God, * 
Thou art great and glorious, Who hast 
given salvation into the hand of a 
woman ; graciously hear the prayers 
of Thy servants. 

No Preces, and Prayer of the ensuing 
Sunday. 



JFourtfj Suntrag of September. 

The Fourth Lord^s Day of September. 

MATTINS. 
FIRST NOCTURN. 

First Lesson. 

Here beginneth the Book of Judith 
(i- 50 

XJ OW Arphaxad, King of the Medes, 
had brought down many nations 
under his dominion, and he built a 
strong city, and called it Ecbatane, of 
stones squared and hewn. He made 
the height of the wall thereof seventy 
cubits, and the breadth thirty cubits, 
and set up the towers thereof an hun 
dred cubits high. And the towers 
were twenty feet every way, four 
square ; and he made the gates thereof 
as high as the tower ; and he made 
his boast, like a mighty man, in the 
strength of his army and in the fame 
of his chariots. 

First Responsory. 

O Adona i, O Lord God, Thou art 
great and glorious, Who hast given 
salvation into the hand of a woman ; 
graciously hear the prayers of Thy 
servants. 

Verse. Blessed art Thou, O Lord, 
Who failest none that put their trust 
in Thee, and humblest such as boast 
themselves in their own strength. 

Answer. Graciously hear the pray 
ers of Thy servants. 

Second Lesson. 

^"THEREFORE in the twelfth year 
of his reign, Nebuchadnezzar 
King of the Assyrians, which reigned 
in the great city Nineveh, fought 
against Arphaxad and took him in 



Judith xvi. 16. 



FOURTH WEEK OF SEPTEMBER. 



237 



the great plain which is called Ragan, 
which bordereth upon Euphrates, and 
Tigris, and Jadason, in the field of 
Erioch, King of the Elicians. Then 
was the kingdom of Nebuchadnezzar 
exalted, and his heart was lifted up ; 
and he sent messengers unto all the 
dwellers in Cilicia, and in Damascus, 
and in Lebanon, and unto the tribes 
that are in Carmel and Cedar, and 
unto them that dwelt in Galilee in 
the great plain of Esdraelon, and 
unto all that were in Samaria, and 
beyond Jordan even unto Jerusalem, 
and all the land of Jesse, until thou 
comest unto the borders of ^Ethiopia. 



Third Responsory. 

1 The Lord bless thee by His 
power, Who hath brought our ene 
mies to nought through thee. And 
may the praise of thee never fail 
from the mouth of men. 

Verse. Blessed be the Lord, Who 
hath created the heaven and the 
earth, because that He hath so glori 
fied thy name this day. 

Answer. And may the praise of thee 
never fail from the mouth of men. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, and 
to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost. 

Answer. And may the praise of thee 
never fail from the mouth of men. 



Second Responsory. 

We have heard of the tribulation, 
&c., (p. 231.) 



Third Lesson. 

TJNTO all these did Nebuchad- 
nezzar King of the Assyrians 
send messengers, but they all with 
one consent gainsaid his messengers, 
and sent them away empty, and cast 
them out without honour. Then was 
the wrath of King Nebuchadnezzar 
kindled against all that land, and 
he swore by his throne and by his 
kingdom that he would avenge him- 
-self on all those countries. In the 
thirteenth year of King Nebuchad 
nezzar, on the two-and-twentieth day 
of the first month, there was talk in 
the house of Nebuchadnezzar King 
of the Assyrians, that he should 
avenge himself. So he called unto 
him all his elders, and his captains, 
and his fighting men, and made 
known unto them his secret counsel, 
and declared his thought to bring 
the whole earth into subjection unto 
his kingdom. 

1 xiii. 22, 24, 25. 



SECOND NOCTURN. 

Fourth Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book 
upon Elijah and Fasting, written 
by St Ambrose, Bishop [of Milan.] 
(ck. 9.) 

" T T is not for kings to drink wine, 
nor for princes strong drink, 
lest they drink and forget the law." 
(Prov. xxxi. 5.) The rulers drank 
wine even unto drunkenness, who 
planned to deliver themselves into 
the hand of Holofernes, captain of 
the host of the King of the Assyrians ; 
but the woman Judith drank not, who 
fasted all the days of her widowhood, 
saving the solemn Feast-days. She 
went forth in the harness of this 
abstinence, and over - reached the 
whole army of the Assyrians. By the 
clear thought of her soberness she took 
away the head of Holofernes, kept her 
chastity, and carried off the victory. 



Fourth Responsory. 

2 We know no strange God before 
the Lord. In Him we trust. He 

2 Cf. viii. 19, 17, 16. 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



despiseth us not, neither putteth He 
away His salvation from our nation. 

Verse. His mercy let us seek with 
tears, and humble our souls before 
Him. 

Answer. He despiseth us not, 
neither putteth He away His salva 
tion from our nation. 

Fifth Lesson. 

/^IRDED with fasting, she entered 
^ J the camp of the strangers ; he 
lay soaked in wine, so that he could 
not feel the blow that slew him. 
And thus the fast of one woman 
overthrew the countless armies of 
the Assyrians. Esther also became 
fairer by fasting ; for the Lord gave 
favour unto her for her soberness. 
She delivered all her nation, that is, 
the whole people of the Jews, from 
the fierceness of persecution, so that 
she brought down the King himself 
under her will. 

Fifth Responsory. 

1 O Lord, Ruler of the heavens and 
of the earth, Maker of the waters, King 
of every creature, graciously hear the 
prayer of Thy servants. 

Verse. Thou, O Lord, unto Whom 
the supplications of the humble and 
meek are alway well-pleasing 

Answer. Graciously hear the prayer 
of Thy servants. 

Sixth Lesson. 

"THUS also [Esther] who fasted 
three days, and washed her 
body with water, found greater fav 
our, and obtained vengeance, whereas 
Haman, who boasted himself at the 
King s table, paid the penalty of 
his drunkenness, even while yet he 
was in his cups. Fasting, therefore, 
is a sacrifice of reconciliation, a 



means of strength, whereby in the 
might of grace, women wax manful. 
Fasting knoweth not usury, nor the 
gain of the usurer ; the faster s table 
smelleth not of usury, but the fast 
itself giveth favour to them that sit 
at meat. A banquet is all the 
pleasanter after hunger, whereas by 
constant use it becometh unattrac 
tive, and when it is long carried 
on cometh to be lightly esteemed. 
Fasting is a good sauce for meat. 
The keener the appetite, the more 
toothsome the food. 

Sixth Responsory. 

O Lord God, That breakest the 
battles from of old, lift up Thine 
arm against the Gentiles, that de 
vise evil against Thy servants. And 
let Thy right hand be glorified in us. 

Verse. Throw down their strength 
in Thy power, and bring down their 
force in Thy wrath. 

Answer. And let Thy right hand 
be glorified in us. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, and 
to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost. 

Answer. And let Thy right hand 
be glorified in us. 

THIRD NOCTURN. 

Seventh Responsory. 

Strengthen me, O King, Who reign- 
est over the holy ones. Put Thou in 
my mouth clear and well - sounding 
words. 

Verse. O Lord, King of all forces, 
turn back their device upon them 
selves. 

Answer. Put Thou in my mouth 
clear and well-sounding words. 

Eighth Responsory. 
One seraph cried, &c., (p. 216.) 



Cf. ix. 17, 16. 



FOURTH WEEK OF SEPTEMBER. 



239 



Second Day 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book of 
Judith (iv. i.) 

TSJOW the children of Israel, that 
dwelt in Judea, were exceed 
ingly afraid of Holofernes. 1 Trouble 
and consternation took hold upon 
them, lest he should do unto Jeru 
salem and unto the Temple of the 
Lord as he had done unto the other 
cities, and unto their temples. There 
fore they sent into all the coasts of 
Samaria, even unto Jericho, and pos 
sessed themselves beforehand of all 
the tops of the high mountains, and 
fortified their villages, and laid up 
victuals for the provision of war. 

First Responsory. 

O Adonai, &c., (First Responsory 
on Sunday.} 

Second Lesson. 

A LSO Eliakim the Priest wrote to 
^^ all them that dwelt over against 
Esdraelon, toward the open country, 
near to Dothain, and unto all them 
through whose country the way [of 
the Assyrians] might lie, to take pos 
session of the steep places of the hills, 
whereby they might essay to go up 
toward Jerusalem, and to hold the 
passages wheresover the way was 
narrow between the mountains. And 
the children of Israel did as Eliakim, 
the Priest of the Lord, had com 
manded them. Then all the people 
cried unto the Lord with great fer 



vency, and humbled their souls in 
fastings and in prayers, both they 
and their wives. 

Second Responsory. 

We have heard of the tribulation, 
&c., (p. 231.) 

Third Lesson. 

AND the Priests clothed themselves 
" in sackcloth, and the little child 
ren cast themselves down before the 
Temple of the Lord ; and they put 
sackcloth about the Altar of the Lord, 
and cried to the Lord God of Israel 
all with one consent that their children 
might not be given for a prey, and their 
wives for a spoil, and their cities to 
destruction, and their holy things to 
profanation, and for a reproach for the 
Gentiles to rejoice at. Then Eliakim, 
the High Priest of the Lord, went 
about through all Israel, and spake 
unto them, saying : Know ye of a 
surety that the Lord will hear your 
prayers, if ye continue in fastings and 
in supplications before the Lord. 

Third Responsory. 
The Lord bless thee, &c., (p. 237.) 



Third Day. 
MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book of 
Judith (viii. i.) 2 

A ND it came to pass, when Judith 
^"^ the widow heard thereof, (which 
was the daughter of Merari, the son 



1 Captain of the Assyrian host. 

2 The intermediate chapters describe the progress of the Assyrians, and how they beleaguered 
the city of Bethulia, the inhabitants of which prepared to surrender, unless relieved by a certain 
day. 



240 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



of Idox, the son of Joseph, the son of 
Oziah, the son of Elai, the son of 
Jamnor, the son of Gideon, the son of 
Raphaim, the son of Achitob, the son 
of Melkiah, the son of Enan, the son 
of Nathaniah, the son of Salathiel, the 
son of Simeon, the son of Reuben.) 
And her husband had been Manasseh, 
who died in the days of the barley 
harvest ; for, as he stood overseeing 
them that bound sheaves in the field, 
the heat came upon his head ; and he 
died in Bethulia, his own city, and 
there was buried with his fathers. And 
so Judith was left a widow three years 
and six months. 

First Responsory. 

We know no strange God, &c., 
(Fourth Responsory on Sunday, p. 

2370 

Second Lesson. 

A ND she made her a closet upon 
the top of her house, to shut 
herself up therein with her maids and 
dwell there ; and put on sackcloth 
upon her loins, and fasted all her days, 
save the Sabbaths, and the New 
Moons, and the Feasts of the house 
of Israel. She was also very beautiful 
to behold ; and her husband had left 
her much wealth, and many servants, 
and lands full of cattle and flocks of 
sheep. And with all this she was 
most honourable, for she feared the 
Lord greatly, and there was none that 
gave her an ill word. 

Second Responsory. 
O Lord, Ruler, &c., (p. 238.) 

Third Lesson. 

then she had heard that 
Ozias had promised to deliver 
up the city after five days, she sent 



unto the elders Chabri and Charmi. 
And they came unto her. And she 
said unto them : What is this, where- 
unto Ozias hath bound himself, to 
deliver the city unto the Assyrians, 
unless within five days there come 
help unto you ? And who be ye, that 
ye should tempt the Lord ? 

Third Responsory. 

O Lord God, That breakest, &c., 
(P. 238.) 



Fourth Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book of 
Judith (x. i.) 

A ND it came to pass, after that she 
had ceased to cry unto the Lord, 
she rose up from the place where she 
had cast herself down before the Lord. 
And she called her maid, and went 
down into her house, and pulled off 
the sackcloth which she had on, and 
put off the garments of her widow 
hood, and washed her body, and 
anointed herself with precious oint 
ment, and parted the hair of her head, 
and put on a tire upon her head, and 
put on her the garments of her glad 
ness, and she put sandals upon her 
feet, and put about her her bracelets, 
and her lilies, and her ear-rings, and 
her rings, and decked herself bravely 
with all her ornaments. And the Lord 
also made her to seem more comely. 

First Responsory. 

Strengthen me, O King, &c., (p. 
238.) 



FOURTH WEEK OF SEPTEMBER. 



2 4 I 



Second Lesson. 

A ND it came to pass, as she went 
^^ down the mountain, that, about 
the dawning of the day, the first watch 
of the Assyrians met her, and took 
her, and asked her, saying : Whence 
comest thou ? and whither goest thou ? 
And she answered : I. am a daughter 
of the Hebrews, and have fled from 
them, because I know that they shall 
be given you to be consumed, for that 
they set you at nought, and are no 
more willing to deliver themselves up, 
that they may find mercy in your 
sight. 

Second Responsory. 

We have heard of the tribulation, 
&c., (p. 231.) 

Third Lesson. 

A ND they brought her to the tent 
^~^ of Holofernes, and shewed him 
of her. And when Judith was come 
before him, Holofernes was straight 
way taken with her eyes. And his 
servants said unto him : Who shall 
despise the Hebrews, that have among 
them such fair women, that it is 
enough to fight against them for these 
alone ? And when Judith saw Holo 
fernes sitting under a canopy woven 
with purple, and gold, and emerald, 
and precious stones, she fell down 
upon her face upon the ground, and 
did reverence unto him. 



Third Responsory. 
The Lord bless thee, &c., (p. 237.) 



day are those of the Sunday, Monday, 
and Tuesday of the Fifth Week, with 
the Responsories of the Monday, Tues 
day, and Wednesday. But if Septem 
ber have five -weeks, the following are 
read. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book of 
Judith (xii. 10.) 

A ND it came to pass that in the 
fourth day Holofernes made a 
feast to his own servants, and said to 
Bagoas his eunuch : Go now, and 
persuade this Hebrew woman to come 
of her own accord, and dwell with me. 
For it is a shame among the Assyrians, 
if a woman laugh a man to scorn, so 
that she come away from him scathe 
less. Then came Bagoas unto Judith, 
and said : Let not this fair damsel 
fear to come to my lord, and to be 
honoured in his presence, to eat with 
him, and to drink wine in merriment. 
Then said Judith unto him : Who am 
I now, that I should gainsay my lord ? 



First Responsory. 
O Adonai, &c., (p. 236.) 

Second Lesson. 



Fifth Day. 

Note. If this be the last week of 
September, the Scripture Lessons read 
on this Thursday, Friday, and Satur 



"M" OW when the evening was come, 
his servants made haste unto 
their own lodgings, and Bagoas shut 
his tent without, and departed. And 
they were all Overcome with wine ; and 
Judith was left alone in the tent. And 
Holofernes was lying along on his bed, 
for he was filled with wine. And Judith 
commanded her maid to stand without 
the chamber, and to watch. And 
Judith stood before the bed, and 
prayed with tears, her lips moving 
silently, saying : Strengthen me, O 
Lord God of Israel, and look at this 



242 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



present upon the works of mine hands, 
that Thou mayest exalt Jerusalem, 
Thine own city, even as Thou hast 
promised ; and that I may finish that 
which I have believed that I could do 
by Thine help. 

Second Responsory. 
We have heard, c., (p. 231.) 

Third Lesson. 

AND when she had so spoken, she 
came to the pillar which was at 
the head of his bed, and took down his 
fauchion that was hanging thereon. 
And she drew it, and took hold of the 
hair of his head, and said : Strengthen 
me, O Lord God, in this hour. And 
she smote him twice upon his neck, 
and cut off his head from him, and 
pulled down the canopy from the 
pillars, and tumbled his body down. 
And anon she went forth, and gave 
Holofernes his head to her maid, and 
bade her to put it into her bag. 

Third Responsory. 
The Lord bless thee, &c., (p. 237.) 



Sixth Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book of 
Judith (xv. i.) 

AND when all the army heard how 
J -*- that Holofernes was beheaded, 
their mind and their wit departed from 
them, and being driven only of fear 
and trembling, they fled for safety, so 
that no man spake unto his neighbour ; 
but bowed his head, and left all, and 
made haste to escape from the 
Hebrews, (of whom they heard that 



they were coming harnessed upon 
them,) flying by the way of the plains, 
and the path-ways in the hills. And 
when the children of Israel saw that 
they fled, they followed after them. 
And they went down after them, with 
blowing of trumpets and shouting. 

First Responsory. 

We know no strange God, &c., (p. 
238.) 

Second Lesson. 

HTHEN sent Ozias messengers 
throughout all the cities and 
coasts of Israel. And every coast 
and every city sent out their young 
men after them, harnessed, and followed 
after them with the edge of the sword, 
even unto the uttermost parts of their 
coasts. And the residue that dwelt 
at Bethulia fell upon the camp of the 
Assyrians, and took away the prey 
which the Assyrians had left behind 
them when they fled, and were greatly 
enriched. 

Second Responsory. 
O Lord, Ruler, c., (p. 238.) 

Third Lesson. 

*T* HEN Joachim the high priest came 
from Jerusalem to Bethulia, with 
all his Priests, to see Judith. And 
when she was come out unto him, they 
all blessed her with one voice, saying : 
Thou art the glory of Jerusalem, thou 
art the great rejoicing of Israel, thou 
art the exaltation of our people, be 
cause thou hast done manfully, and 
because thine heart was strengthened, 
by the mean that thou hast loved con- 
tinency, and, since thine husband, thou 
hast not known a man ; therefore also 
the hand of the Lord hath strengthened 
thee, and therefore thou shalt be 
blessed for ever. And all the people 
said : So be it, So be it. 



FIFTH WEEK OF SEPTEMBER. 



243 



Third Responsory. 
O Lord God, That breakest, &c., 

(A 238.) 



The Sabbath. 

MATTINS. 
First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book of 
Judith (xvi. 22.) 

AND it came to pass after these 
^^ things, that all the people came 
unto Jerusalem after the victory to 
worship the Lord : and as soon as 
they were purified, they all offered 
burnt-offerings, and free-offerings, and 
the gifts which they have vowed. 
Judith also dedicated for an everlasting 
remembrance all the stuff of war of 
Holofernes, which the people had given 
unto her, and the canopy which she 
had taken out of his bed-chamber. 

First Responsory. 

Strengthen me, O King, &c., (p. 
238.) 

Second Lesson. 

CO the people continued feasting be- 
fore the sanctuary, and rejoicing 
with Judith for three months because 
of this victory. And after this time 
every one returned to his own house ; 
and Judith became honourable in 
Bethulia, and famous in all the land 
of Israel. And she was strong also 
in her continency, so that she knew 
not a man all the days of her life, 
after that Manasses her husband was 
dead. And on the festival-days she 
appeared with great honour. 

Second Responsory. 
We have heard, &c., (p. 231.) 



Third Lesson. 

AND she remained in her husband s 
"^^ house an hundred and five 
years, and made her maid free ; and 
she died ; and was buried with her 
husband, in Bethulia. And all the 
people lamented her seven days. And 
there was none that made the children 
of Israel any more afraid in all the 
life-time of Judith, nor a long time 
after her death. And the day of the 
rejoicing for this victory is taken by 
the Hebrews into the number of the 
holidays, and it is observed of the 
Jews, from that time, even unto this 
day. 

Third Responsory. 
The Lord bless thee, &c., (p. 237.) 

VESPERS. 

Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed 
Virgin. O my Lord the King Al 
mighty ! * all things are in Thy 
power, and there is no man that can 
gainsay Thy will. 

Prayer of the ensuing Sunday. 



Suntrag of September. 

The Fifth Lord s Day of September. 

MATTINS. 
FIRST NOCTURN. 

First Lesson. 

Here beginneth the Book of Esther 

(i. i.) 

"VT OW it came to pass in the days 
of Ahasuerus, which reigned from 
India even unto /Ethiopia, over an 
hundred and seven and twenty pro 
vinces, that when he sat upon the 



244 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



throne of his kingdom, the city of 
Shushan was the capital of his king 
dom. And in the third year of his 
reign he made a great feast unto all 
his princes and his servants, the 
mightiest men of Persia, and the 
famous men of India, and them that 
were set over the provinces under 
him, to show the riches of his glorious 
kingdom, and the greatness and ex 
cellency of his power, many days, 
even an hundred and four score days. 

First Responsory. 

1 O my Lord, the King Almighty ! 
All things are in Thy power, and there 
is no man that can gainsay Thy will ! 
Deliver us for Thy Name s sake. 

Verse. Hear our prayer, and turn 
our sorrow into joy. 

Answer. Deliver us for Thy Name s 
sake. 

Second Lesson. 

AND when the days of the feast 
*"* were fulfilled, he bade all the 
people that were present in Shushan, 
both great and small, and commanded 
to make a feast seven days, in the 
outer court of the garden, and of the 
grove, which had been planted by the 
king s care and his hand. And there 
were hung round about on all sides 
hangings of sky colour, and of green, 
and of purple, upon cords of fine white 
linen, and purple, drawn through rings 
of ivory, and fastened up upon marble 
pillars. Seats also of gold and of 
silver were set upon the pavement, 
which was paved with stones like 
emeralds and white marble. And all 
of it was wondrously ornamented with 
pictures of divers colours. 

Second Responsory. 
Strengthen me, &c., (p. 238.) 



Third Lesson. 

A ND they that were bidden, drank 
"^^ in vessels of gold, and the meats 
were brought in vessels diverse one 
from the other. The wine also, as 
was meet for the greatness of the 
kingdom, was set forth in abundance, 
and of the best quality. Neither was 
there any to compel them to drink 
that would not, but even as the King 
had commanded, when he set one of 
his princes at every table, that every 
man should take according to his own 
pleasure. Also Vashti the Queen 
made a feast for the women in the 
royal house where King Ahasuerus 
was used to dwell. 

Third Responsory. 

I have had no hope in any other 
but in Thee, O God of Israel, Who 
art angry, and wilt again show 
mercy, and forgivest all the sins of 
men when they are in affliction. 

Verse. O Lord God! Maker of 
heaven and earth ! look upon our 
low estate ! 

A?iswer. Thou that forgivest all the 
sins of men when they are in affliction. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, and 
to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost. 

Answer, Thou that forgivest all 
the sins of men when they are in 
affliction. 

SECOND NOCTURN. 
Fourth Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book 
"On Duties" written by St Am 
brose, Bishop [of Milan.] (Bk. iii. 
ch. 15.) 



did Queen Esther? Did 
she not, to save her people 
from danger (a beautiful and noble 
object) put herself in jeopardy of 



xm. 9, 17. 



FIFTH WEEK OF SEPTEMBER. 



245 



death, and face the anger of the 
cruel King ? The King of the Per 
sians, cruel and violent as he was, 
nevertheless, thought it seemly to 
show grace unto him that told him 
of the plot that was made against 
him, to free the people from bond 
age, and to deliver them from death, 
but not to spare him that had per 
suaded such iniquity. In the end 
he gaire up to the gallows him, whom 
he had held second only to himself, 
and chiefest among all his friends, 
because he found himself dishonoured 
through his false counsels. 

Fourth Responsory. 

Remember me for good, O Lord 
God, and put not away my works 
of mercy, which I have wrought in 
the house of my God, and in the 
times of His solemn rites. 

Verse. Remember me, O Lord 
my God ! 

Answer. And put not away my 
works of mercy, which I have wrought 
in the house of my God, and in the 
times of His solemn rites. 

Fifth Lesson. 

^HAT true friendship, which careth 
for honour, careth less for riches, 
or dignities, or power than for itself, 
but for honour before itself. Such 
was the friendship of Jonathan, which 
caused him to risk the anger of his 
father, and danger to himself. Such 
was the friendship of Achimelech, 
who chose to earn death for himself 
by giving relief to David, rather than 
to betray the outlaw. But before 
honour nothing is to be put, and 
friendship must not be allowed to 
outrun it, even as we are warned by 
the Scriptures. 

Fifth Responsory. 
We have heard, &c., (p. 231.) 

VOL. IV. 



Sixth Lesson. 

/ T* HE Philosophers have started divers 
questions whether friendship 
can, or cannot justify disloyalty to a 
man s own country- whether friend 
ship can, or cannot justify serving a 
friend at the cost of breach of faith. 
Scripture indeed saith : " A man that 
beareth false witness against his 
neighbour, is a maul, and a sword, 
and a sharp arrow." (Prov. xxv. 
1 8.) But mark that what is here 
condemned is not witness by itself, 
but false witness. How if a man be 
compelled to give such witness, for 
the sake of God ? or for the sake 
of his country ? Ought friendship to 
outweigh religion ? Is not to say 
this as much as to say that a sinful 
weakness is to outweigh a duty ? 

Sixth Responsory. 
The Lord bless thee, &c., (p. 237.) 

THIRD NOCTURN. 
Seventh Responsory. 

We know no strange god, c., (p. 
2370 

Eighth Responsory. 

One seraph cried, &c., (p. 216.) 



Second Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book 
of Esther (ii. 5.) 

T N the city of Shushan there was 

a certain Jew, whose name was 

Mordecai, the son of Jair, the son 

of Shimei, the son of Kish, a Ben- 

I 



246 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



jamite, who had been carried away 
from Jerusalem at that time when 
Nebuchadnezzar the King of Babylon 
had carried away Jeconiah King of 
Judah. And he brought up Hadas- 
sah (who by another name was called 
Esther) his brother s daughter : and 
she had lost both father and mother ; 
and the maid was very fair and 
beautiful. And when her father and 
mother were dead, Mordecai took 
her for his own daughter. 

First Responsory. 

O my Lord, the King Almighty, 
&c., (p. 244.) 

Second Lesson. 

AND when the King s command 
ment was heard, and when 
many fair maidens were gathered 
together unto Shushan according to 
his decree, and were given into the 
custody of Hegai the eunuch, Esther 
also was given into his custody 
among the other damsels, to be kept 
in the number of the women. And 
she pleased him, and found grace 
in his sight. And he commanded 
a eunuch to give her speedily her 
things for purification, and to give 
her her portions, and seven of the 
most comely maidens of the King s 
house, and to adorn her and wait 
upon her, both her and her fellows. 
She would not show unto him her 
people or her kindred ; for Mordecai 
had charged her that as to that 
matter she should be silent alto 
gether. And [Mordecai] walked 
every day before the outer court 
of the house, wherein the chosen 
maidens were kept, to know how 
Esther did. 

Second Respo?isory. 
Strengthen me, &c., (p. 238.) 



Third Lesson. (15.) 

NJ OW the turn of Esther, the 
daughter of Abihail, the brother 
of Mordecai, whom he had taken 
for his daughter, came, to go in 
unto the King. And she sought not 
to bedizen herself after the manner 
of women, but whatsoever Hegai the 
eunuch, the keeper of the women, 
was pleased, that he gave h^r to 
adorn herself withal. For she was 
exceedingly comely, and of beauty 
that cannot be believed, and to every 
eye that saw her she was full of 
grace and loveliness. So she was 
taken unto King Ahasuerus his bed 
chamber, in the tenth month, which 
is the month Tebeth, in the seventh 
year of his reign. And the King 
loved Esther above all the women, 
and she obtained grace and favour 
in his sight more than all the women, 
so that he set the royal crown upon 
her head, and made her Queen in 
stead of Vashti. 

Third Responsory. 
I have had no hope, &c., (p. 244.) 



Third Day. 
MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book 
of Esther (iii. i.) 



these things did King 
Ahasuerus promote Haman, 
the son of Hammedatha, who was 
of the stock of Agag, and set his 
seat above all the princes that were 
with him. And all the King s ser 
vants that were used to be about 
the gate of the Palace, bowed the 
knee and did reverence to Haman : 



FIFTH WEEK OF SEPTEMBER. 



247 



for the King had so commanded 
them. Only Mordecai bowed not 
the knee, nor did him reverence. 
Then the King s servants which had 
the ordinance of the gate of the 
Palace said unto him : Why trans- 
gressest thou the King s command 
ment ? 

First Responsory. 

Remember me for good, c., (p. 

245.) 

Second Lesson. 

A ND when they spake thus unto 
^^ him again and again, and he 
would not hearken unto them, they 
told Haman ; to see whether [Morde 
cai] would still persist ; for he had told 
them that he was a Jew. And when 
Haman heard it, and saw that Mor 
decai bowed not the knee before him, 
nor did him reverence, he was filled 
with wrath ; and he thought scorn 
to lay hands on Mordecai alone. 



Second Responsory. 
We have heard, &c., (p. 231.) 

Third Lesson. 

T^OR he had heard that he was of 
the people of Judea ; wherefore, 
he sought rather to destroy all the 
nation of the Jews that were in the 
kingdom of Ahasuerus. In the first 
month (that is it which is called Nisan), 
in the twelfth year of King Ahasuerus, 
they cast lots (which are called in the 
Hebrew tongue "purim ")* in a vessel, 
before Haman, to see what day and 
what month the Jews should be slain : 
and the lot fell on the twelfth month, 
which is called Adar. 2 



Third Responsory. 
The Lord bless thee, &c., (p. 237.) 



Fourth Day. 

MATTINS. 
First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book of 
Esther (iv. i.) 

AND when Mordecai had heard it, 
^^i he rent his clothes, and put on 
sackcloth, and put ashes upon his 
head, and went out into the midst of 
the city, and cried with a loud cry, to 
show the bitterness of his soul, and so 
crying came even before the gate of 
the Palace. For none might enter 
into the King s court clothed with sack 
cloth. And in every province, and 
town, and place, whithersoever had 
come the King s cruel commandment, 
there was great mourning among the 
Jews, and fasting, and wailing, and 
weeping ; and many lay in sackcloth 
and ashes. And Esther s maids and 
her eunuchs came and told it her. 
And, when she heard it, she was 
appalled ; and she sent raiment to 
clothe [Mordecai] withal, and to take 
away his sackcloth from him : but he 
would not receive it. Then called she 
for Hatach, an eunuch, whom the King 
had given her to attend upon her, and 
gave him commandment to go to 
Mordecai and learn from him where 
fore he did thus. 

First Responsory. 

We know no strange god, &c., (p. 

2370 



1 Hebrew "they cast Pur (that is, the lot)." Pur is not a Hebrew, but a Persian or 
Assyrian word. 

2 And accordingly Haman obtained a Royal decree for a general massacre of all the Jews 
upon the 13111 Adar. 



248 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



Second Lesson. 

CO Hatach went forth to Mordecai, 
^ as he stood in the open place of 
the city, which was before the gate of 
the Palace. And [Mordecai] told him 
of all that had happened, and of the 
sum of the money that Haman had 
promised to pay to the King s treas 
uries for the Jews, to destroy them. 
Also he gave him the copy of the 
writing of the decree that was hung 
up at Shushan, to show it unto the 
Queen, and to charge her that she 
should go in unto the King, to make 
supplication unto him for her people. 
And Hatach came in again, and told 
Esther all the words of Mordecai. 
And she spake again unto him and 
bade him tell Mordecai, saying : All 
the King s servants, and all the pro 
vinces which are under his kingdom 
do know, that whosoever, whether 
man or woman, shall come into the 
King s inner court, who is not called, 
shall forthwith be put to death, except 
such to whom the King shall hold out 
the golden sceptre, for a sign of mercy, 
that he may live. How then shall I 
be able to enter in before the King, 
even I, who have not been called unto 
him these thirty days ? 

Second Responsory. 
Strengthen me, &c., (p. 238.) 

Third Lesson. 

A ND when Mordecai had heard it, 
^^ he commanded to answer Esther, 
saying: Think not that thou shalt save 
thine own life in the King s house, 
more than all the Jews ; for if thou 
altogether holdest thy peace at this 
time, then shall there deliverance arise 
to the Jews from another place ; but 
thou, and thy father s house shall be 
destroyed. And who knoweth whether 



thou art come to the kingdom, that 
thou mightest be ready against such a 
time as this? Then Esther bade 
them return Mordecai this answer : 
Go and gather together all the Jews 
that thou shalt find in Shushan, and 
pray for me. Neither eat, nor drink 
for three days and three nights ; I 
also, and my maids, will fast likewise, 
and so will I go in unto the King 
which is not according to the law 
without having a call, and will give 
myself over unto death and danger. 
So Mordecai went his way, and did 
according to all that Esther had com 
manded him. 

Third Responsory. 
I have had no hope, &c., (p. 244.) 



Fifth Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book of 
Esther (v. I.) 

AND on the third day, Esther put 
^^ on her royal apparel, and stood 
in the inner court of the King s house, 
over against the King s Hall ; l and he 
sat upon his throne in the chief place 
of the palace, over against the gate of 
the house. And when he saw Esther 
the Queen standing, she obtained 
favour in his sight, and he held out to 
her the golden sceptre that he had in 
his hand. And she drew near, and 
kissed the top of his sceptre. Then 
said the King unto her : What wilt 
thou, Queen Esther ? What is thy 
request ? It shall be even given thee 
to the half of the kingdom. And she 
answered : If it seem good unto the 



1 Basilica. 



FIFTH WEEK OF SEPTEMBER. 



249 



King, I pray that thou wouldest come 
unto me this day, and Haman with 
thee, unto the banquet that I have 
prepared. Then the King said 
straightway : Cause Haman to make 
haste, that he may do as Esther hath 
said. 

First Responsory. 
O my Lord, the King, &c., (p. 244.) 

Second Lesson. ( 9 . ) 

T^HEN went Haman forth that day 
joyful and with a glad heart. 
And when he saw Mordecai sitting 
before the gates of the Palace, and 
that he stood not up, nor moved for 
him, he was full of indignation ; but 
he restrained his anger, and, when he 
came home, he called for his friends, 
and Zeresh his wife ; and he told them 
of the glory of his riches, and the 
multitude of his children, and all the 
things wherein the King had advanced 
him above all the princes and servants 
of the King. And he said moreover : 
Yea, Esther the Queen did bid no man 
to come in with the King unto the 
banquet [that she had prepared,] but 
myself; and to-morrow am I to dine 
with her also with the King. Yet all 
this availeth me nothing, so long as I 
see Mordecai the Jew sitting at the 
King s gate. 

Second Responsory. 
Strengthen me, &c., (p. 238.) 



quet. The thing pleased Haman ; and 
he caused the lofty gallows to be 
made. 

Third Responsory. 
I have had no hope, &c., (p. 244.) 



Sixth Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book of 
Esther (vi. i.) 

C\& that night the King could not 
^- sleep, and he commanded to 
bring the histories and the chronicles 
of times past. And, when they were 
read before him, they came to the 
place wherein it was written how 
Mordecai had told of the plot of 
Bigthana and Teresh the eunuchs, 
who sought to slay the King Ahas- 
uerus. And when the King heard it, 
he said : What honour and reward 
hath been done to Mordecai for this 
faithfulness ? And his bondsmen and 
servants said unto him : He hath had 
no reward. And the King said : Who 
is in the court ? Now Haman was 
come into the inner court of the King s 
house, to speak unto the King to hang 
Mordecai on the gallows that he had 
prepared for him. And the servants 
answered [the King :] Haman standeth 
in the court. And the King said : Let 
him come in. 



Third Lesson. 

"THEN answered Zeresh his wife, 
and the others his friends : Let 
a gallows be made of fifty cubits high, 
and to-morrow speak thou unto the 
King, that Mordecai may be hanged 
thereon ; and so shalt thou go in 
merrily with the King unto the ban- 



First Responsory. 
Remember me, c., (p. 245.) 

Second Lesson. 

AND when he was come in, the 
^ King said unto him : What 
shall be done unto the man whom the 



250 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



King delighteth to honour ? Now, 
Haman thought in his heart that there 
could be none other unto whom the 
King could delight to do honour, 
more than to himself ; and he an 
swered : For the man whom the 
King delighteth to honour, let him be 
clad in the joyal apparel, and be set 
upon the horse that the King rideth 
on, and let him have the crown royal 
upon his head, and let the noblest of 
the King s princes and lords lead his 
horse, and, as they go through the 
street of the city, let him proclaim 
aloud and say : Thus shall the man 
be honoured whom the King is pleased 
to honour. 



Second Responsory. 
We have heard, c., (p. 231.) 

Third Lesson. 

AND the King said unto him : 
** Make haste, and take the 
apparel and the horse, and do, even 
as thou hast said, to Mordecai the 
Jew, that sitteth at the gate of the 
Palace. See lest anything fail of all 
that thou hast spoken. Then took 
Haman the apparel and the horse, 
and arrayed Mordecai, and set him 
on the horse, and went before him 
through the street of the city, and 
proclaimed : Of this honour is he 
worthy whom the King is pleased to 
honour. And Mordecai came again 
to the gate of the Palace, and Haman 
hasted to his house, mourning and 
having his head covered ; and he told 
Zeresh his wife, and his friends, every 
thing that had befallen him. 

Third Responsory. 

The Lord bless thee, &c., (p. 

2370 



The Sabbath. 

MATTINS. 
First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book 
of Esther (vii. I.) 

CO the King and Haman came in 
^ to drink with the Queen. And 
the King again said unto Esther, on 
the second day, after that he was 
heated with wine : What is thy pe 
tition, Esther, that it may be granted 
thee ? and what wiliest thou ? Even 
if thou ask the half of my kingdom, 
thou shalt have it. And she an 
swered him, and said : If I have 
found favour in thy sight, O King ! 
and if it please thee give me my life 
at my petition, and my people at my 
request. For we are given over, I 
and my people, to be destroyed, to 
be slain, and to perish. And would 
that we had been sold for bondmen 
and bondwomen ; the evil might have 
been borne, and I had groaned and 
held my tongue ; but now he is our 
enemy whose cruelty doth reflect upon 
the King. 

First Responsory. 

We know no strange god, &c., (p. 
2370 

Second Lesson. 

/ T*HEN the King Ahasuerus an 
swered and said : Who is he, 
and of what power is he, that durst 
presume to do so ? And Esther said : 
Our worst adversary and enemy is 
this Haman. And when he heard it, 
he was confounded, and could not 
bear to sit before the King and the 
Queen. And the King rose in wrath, 
and went out of the place of the ban 
quet into a garden planted with trees. 



FIRST WEEK OF OCTOBER. 



251 



And Haman stood up, to make re 
quest for his life to Esther the Queen ; 
for he saw that there was evil deter 
mined against him by the King. 

Second Responsory. 
Strengthen me, &c., (p. 238.) 

Third Lesson. 

V\mEN the King returned out of 
* * the garden planted with trees, 
and entered into the place of the ban 
quet, he found Haman fallen upon the 
bed whereon Esther was ; and he 
said : Will he force the Queen also, 
before me, in mine own house ? As 
the word went out of the King s mouth, 
they covered [Haman s] face. And 
Harbonah, one of the eunuchs that 
stood to wait upon the King, said : 
Behold the gallows, fifty cubits high, 
which [Haman] had made for Mor- 
decai, who had spoken good for the 
King, standeth in the house of Haman. 
And the King said unto him : Hang 
him thereon. So Haman was hanged 
upon the gallows that he had prepared 
for Mordecai, and the King s wrath 
was pacified. 

Third Responsory. 
I have had no hope, &c., (p. 244). 



Jirst Suntiag of ctoier. 

The First Lord s Day of October. 

MATTINS. 
FIRST NOCTURN. 

First Lesson. 

Here beginneth the l First Book of 
Maccabees (i. I.) 

A ND it happened after that Alex- 
^"^ ander, son of Philip, the Mace 
donian, who was the first that reigned 
over Greece, came out of the land of 
Chettim, and had smitten Darius, 
King of the Persians and Medes, 
that he made many wars, and won 
all men s strong-holds, and slew the 
kings of the earth. And he went 
through to the ends of the earth, 
and took spoils of many nations ; 
and the earth was quiet before him. 
And he gathered a great power and 
a mighty strong host ; and his heart 
was exalted and lifted up ; and he 
ruled over countries and kings ; and 
they became tributaries unto him. 
And after these things, he fell sick 
upon his bed, and perceived that he 
should die. And he called unto him 
his honourable servants, who had 
been brought up with him from his 
youth, and parted his kingdom among 
them while he was yet alive. 



VESPERS. 

Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed 
Virgin. The Lord open your hearts 
in His law and commandments, and 
may the Lord our God send peace. 
(2 Maccab. i. 4.) 



First Responsory. 

2 The Lord open your hearts in His 
law and commandments, and send 
peace in your days. May He grant 
you salvation and redeem you out of 
all evil. 



i Abp. Kenrick says of these two books : " The authors are unknown, one of whom wrote in 

Hebrew the other in Greek." The name of Maccabees has been given from the ce e- 

brated heroes of the Asmonean family known by this title, the origin of which is not fully 
ascertained. . . . It was given not only to the Asmoneans, but to others generally who e 
lated their zeal for the Jewish institutions and laws, under the Syrian monarchy, 
of the period between the fall of Jerusalem and that at which these books commence 
contained in Ezra and Nehemiah. " K 4> 5- 3- 



252 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



Verse. The Lord hear your pray 
ers, and be at one with you, and never 
forsake you in the time of trouble. 

Answer. May He grant you salva 
tion and redeem you out of all evil. 

Second Lesson. 

OO Alexander reigned twelve years, 
and then died. And his ser 
vants bare rule, every one in his 
place. And after his death, they all 
put crowns upon themselves ; so did 
their sons after them many years ; 
and evils were multiplied in the earth. 
And there came out of them a wicked 
root, Antiochus the Illustrious, 1 son 
of Antiochus the King, who had been 
an hostage at Rome : and he reigned 
in the hundred-and-thirty-seventh year 
of the kingdom of the Greeks. 2 

Second Responsory. 

3 The Lord hear your prayers, and 
be at one with you, and never forsake 
you in the time of trouble, even He, 
the Lord our God. 

Verse. Give you all an heart to 
serve Him, and to do His will. 

Answer. Even He, the Lord our 
God. 

Third Lesson. 

T N those days there went out of 
Israel wicked men, and per 
suaded many, saying : Let us go 
and make a covenant with the 
heathen that are round about us ; 
for since we departed from them, 
we have had much sorrow. So this 
device pleased them well. And cer 



tain of the people determined to do 
this, and went to the King ; who 
gave them licence to do after the 
ordinances of the heathen. Where 
upon they built a place of exercise 4 
at Jerusalem, according to the cus 
toms of the heathen : and made them 
selves uncircumcised : 5 and forsook 
the holy covenant : and joined them 
selves to the heathen, and were sold 6 
to do mischief. 

Third Responsory. 

Our enemies are gathered together, 
and make their boast of their own 
strength. O Lord, break their power, 
and scatter them ; that they may 
know that there is none other that 
fighteth for us, but only Thou, O our 
God! 

Verse. Scatter them in Thy 
strength, and destroy them, O Lord 
our Shield ! 

Answer. That they may know 
that there is none other that fighteth 
for us, but only Thou, O our God ! 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, and 
to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost. 

Answer. That they may know 
that there is none other that fighteth 
for us, but only Thou, O our God ! 

SECOND NOCTURN. 

Fourth Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book 
upon Duties written by St Ambrose, 
Bishop [of Milan]. (Bk. i. ch. 40.) 



^P 



may perchance be some 
who are so blinded by the glory 
of war as to think there is no valour 



1 Epiphanes. The Jews used to pun it into " Epimanes," " the Maniac." 

2 I.e., of the era of the Seieucidae, B.C. 175. 

II.i- 4. 5. 3- 4 A gymnasium, like those of the Greeks. 

5 In illo tempore non valebat circumcidendi modus, quo actualiter utuntur Judsei, dirumpentes 
radices prasputii et retro convertentes. Praeputium simpliciter concidebatur. Fieri ero-o poterat 
ut circumcisus, cute super penem arte chirurgica reducta, incircumcisus videretur. Ad hoc in 
future vitandum, modus hodie acceptus a theologis inventus est. Abp. Kenrick says "The 
process is described by Celsus, 7, 25, and alluded to by St Paul, i Cor. vii. 18." 

6 I.e., given over. 



FIRST WEEK OF OCTOBER. 



253 



but warlike valour, and that the 
reason why I have taken up other 
subjects is that among us there is no 
warlike valour whereof to speak. But 
what was the valour of Josue the son 
of Nun, when in one battle he laid 
low five nations, and took prisoners 
their kings ; when he was fighting 
against the Gibeonites, and feared lest 
the closing in of night should cut 
short his victory, he cried aloud in the 
greatness of his mind and of his faith, 
" And he said, in the sight of Israel : 
Sun stand thou still over against Gib- 
eon, and thou Moon over against the 
valley of Ajalon ; and the sun stood 
still, and the moon stayed, until the 
people had avenged themselves upon 
their enemies" (Josue x. 12, 13). 
Gideon, with three hundred men, 
won the victory over the vast people, 
and the savage enemy. The lad 
Jonathan waxed valiant in fight. 

Fourth Responsory. 

1 Be ye not afraid of the assault of 
the enemy ; remember how our fathers 
were delivered. Now, therefore, let 
us cry unto heaven, and our God will 
have mercy upon us. 

Verse. 2 Remember His marvel 
lous works that He hath done unto 
Pharaoh and his host in the Red Sea. 

Answer. Now, therefore, let us 
cry unto heaven, and our God will 
have mercy upon us. 

Fifth Lesson. 

C HALL I speak of the Maccabees ? 
But before I speak of them, I 
will speak of their fathers, even of 
them who, when they were ready to 
fight for the Temple of God and for 
their own rights, were assailed by 
a trick of their enemies upon the 
Sabbath day, and were willing rather 



to offer their bodies naked to the 
sword than to strike back again and 
break the Sabbath, and so they gave 
themselves up gladly to death ; but 
when the Maccabees bethought them 
that the whole nation might thus 
perish, avenged the innocent blood 
of their brethren even upon the 
Sabbath day when they were pro 
voked to battle, and afterward, when 
King Antiochus had been stirred up 
to make war on them by his generals, 
even Lysias and Nicanor and Gor- 
gias, he and his Eastern and As 
syrian forces were so crushed that 
forty and eight thousand were laid 
low on the field by three thousand. 

Fifth Responsory. 

3 The heathen are assembled to 
gether to fight against us, and we 
know not what we should do. 4 Our 
eyes look unto Thee, O Lord our God, 
that we should not perish. 

Verse. What things they imagine 
against us, Thou knowest. How shall 
we be able to stand against them, 
except Thou be our help ? 

Answer. Our eyes look unto Thee, 
O Lord our God, that we should not 
perish. 

Sixth Lesson. 

was the valour of Judas 
the Maccabean leader we may 
judge by the type of one of his men. 
When Eleazar saw an elephant big 
ger than the rest, and adorned with 
the King s harness, he thought that 
the King was riding thereon, and 
he threw himself into the midst of 
the enemy, and cast away his shield 
and slew on either hand until he 
was come to the beast, and ran 
underneath it, and killed it with his 
sword, and so the beast fell upon 
Eleazar and crushed him, and he 



1. iv. 8. 
VOL. IV. 



2 Ps. civ. 5 ; cxxxv. 15. 



3 I. iii. 52, 53. 



4 Cf. Ps. cxxii. 3. 
I 2 



254 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



died. What valour was here ! To 
begin with, he feared not to die, 
and when the enemy surrounded 
him he cast himself into the midst 
of their ranks, pierced their column, 
and becoming all the fiercer through 
his mockery of death, he threw 
away his shield and upheld with 
both hands the huge bulk of the 
wounded monster beneath which he 
had gone the better to spite it, so 
that when he died with it he might 
well have been said not so much to 
be crushed as to be swallowed up 
in victory. 

Sixth Responsory. 

1 Thine, O Lord, is the power, 
Thine is the kingdom, O Lord, and 
Thou art exalted above all the heathen. 
Give peace in our time, O Lord. 

Verse. 2 O Lord God, Creator of all 
things, Who art fearful and strong, 
righteous and merciful. 

Answer. Give peace in our time, 
O Lord. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost 

Answer. Give peace in our time, 
O Lord. 

THIRD NOCTURN. 

Seventh Responsory. 

3 The sun shone upon the shields of 
gold, and the mountains glistered 
therewith, and the army of the heathens 
was spread abroad. 

Verse. For the army was very great 
and mighty : then Judas and his host 
drew near and entered into battle. 

Answer. And the army of the 
heathens was spread abroad. 



Eighth Responsory. 
One seraph cried, &c., (p. 216.) 



Second Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Less 012. 

The Lesson is taken from the First 
Book of Maccabees (i. i7.) 4 

TVT OW when the kingdom was estab- 
lished before Antiochus, he 
thought to reign over Egypt, that 
he might have the dominion of two 
realms. Wherefore he entered into 
Egypt with a great multitude, with 
chariots, and elephants, and horse 
men, and a great navy, and made 
war against Ptolemy, King of Egypt ; 
but Ptolemy was afraid of him, and 
fled ; and many were wounded to 
death. Thus he got the strong cities 
in the land of Egypt, and took the 
spoils of the land of Egypt. 

First Responsory. 

5 Judas said unto Simon his brother : 
Choose thee out men, and go, and 
deliver thy brethren that are in Gali 
lee : and I, and Jonathan thy brother, 
will go into the country of Galaad. 
6 As the Will is in heaven, so let it 
be. 

Verse. Arm yourselves, ye valiant 
men, and be in readiness : for it is 
better for us to die in battle, than 
to behold the calamities of our people, 
and our sanctuary. 

Answer. As the Will is in heaven, 
so let it be. 



1 Cf. i Par. (Chron.) xxix. u. 2 It. i. 24. 3 I. vi. 39, 40, 41, 42. 

* Should the first Sunday of October be the first Sunday within the month, the office is that 
of the Rosary, and the beginning of the First Book of Maccabees is therefore transferred to 
Monday. It will be found a convenient arrangement to read the two first Lessons of Sunday 
together as the First Lesson ; the Third of Sunday as the Second ; and the whole three of 
Monday together as the Third. 5 I. v. 17. e i. ijj. go, ^9, 58. 



FIRST WEEK OF OCTOBER. 



255 



Second Lesson. 

AND, after that Antiochus had 
smitten Egypt, he returned 
again in the hundred-and-forty-and- 
third year, and went up to Jerusalem 
with a great multitude. And he 
entered proudly into the Sanctuary, 
and took away the golden Altar, and 
the candlestick of light, and all the 
vessels thereof, and the table of the 
shew-bread, and the pouring vessels, 
and the vials, and the spoons of 
gold, and the crowns, and the golden 
ornament that was before the Temple, 
and brake them all up. 

Second Responsory. 

1 They decked the fore-front of the 
Temple with crowns of gold, and dedi 
cated the Altar unto the Lord. And 
there was very great gladness among 
the people. 

Verse. They praised the Lord with 
Psalms and thanksgiving. 

Answer. And there was very great 
gladness among the people. 

Third Lesson. 

TUT E took also the silver and the gold, 
and the precious vessels : also 
he took the hidden treasures which he 
found, and, when he had taken all 
away, he went into his own land. He 
made, moreover, a great massacre of 
men, and spake very proudly. There 
fore there was great mourning in Israel, 
and in every place where they 2 were : 
and the princes and elders mourned, 
the virgins and young men were made 
feeble, and the beauty of women was 
changed. Every bridegroom took up 
lamentation ; and she that sat in the 
marriage chamber was in heavi 
ness. The land also was moved for 
the inhabitants thereof, and all the 



house of Jacob was covered with con 
fusion. 

Third Responsory. 

3 They praised the Lord with psalms 
and thanksgiving ; Who had done so 
great things in Israel, and given them 
the victory the Lord Almighty. 

Verse. They decked the fore-front 
of the Temple with crowns of gold, and 
dedicated the Altar unto the Lord. 

Answer. Who had done so great 
things for Israel, and given them the 
victory the Lord Almighty. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, and 
to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost. 

Answer. Who had done so great 
things for Israel, and given them the 
victory the Lord Almighty. 



Third Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the 
Book of Maccabees (ii. I.) 



First 



T N those days arose Mattathias, the 
son of John, the son of Simeon, a 
Priest of the sons of Joarib from 
Jerusalem, and dwelt in Mount Modin. 
And he had five sons John, called 
Gaddis ; Simon, called Thasi ; Judas, 
who was called Maccabee ; Eleazar, 
called Abaron ; and Jonathan, whose 
surname was Apphus. These saw 
the blasphemies, which were com 
mitted in the people of Judah, and 
in Jerusalem. 

First Responsory. 

4 This is a lover of the brethren, 
and of the people of Israel : this is 



i I. iv. 57, 58. 2 Israelites. 

4 The ghost of the Prophet Jeremiah, II. xv. 14. 



3 II. x. 38. 



2 5 6 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



one who prayeth much for the people, 
and for all the Holy City, Jerusalem. 

Verse. l There appeared a man 
most gentle toward all his people. 

Answer. This is one who prayeth 
much for the people, and for all the 
Holy City, Jerusalem. 

Seco?id Lesson. 

AND Mattathias said : Woe is me ! 
^^ Wherefore was I born, to see 
this misery of my people, and the 
misery of the Holy City, and to dwell 
there, when it is delivered into the 
hand of the enemy ? The Sanctuary 
is come into the hand of strangers 
her temple is become as a man with 
out glory. Her glorious vessels are 
carried away into captivity, her elders 
are slain in the streets, and her young 
men have fallen by the sword of the 
enemy. What nation hath not had 
a part in her kingdom, and gotten 
of her spoils ? 

Second Responsory. 

2 Thou, O Lord of all things, Who 
hast need of nothing, wast pleased that 
the Temple of Thine habitation should 
be among us. Therefore now, O Lord, 
keep this house ever undefiled ! 

Verse. 3 Thou, O Lord, didst choose 
this house, that Thy Name should be 
called on therein, and to be an house 
of prayer and petition for Thy people. 

Answer. Therefore now, O Lord, 
keep this house ever undefiled. 

Third Lesson. (14.) 

HP HEN Mattathias and his sons rent 
their clothes, and put on sack 
cloth, and mourned very sore. And 
there came men sent from the King 
Antiochus, to make them that had fled 



unto the city of Modin to sacrifice, 
and to burn incense, and to forsake 
the law of God. And many of the 
people of Israel consented, and came 
unto them : but Mattathias and his 
sons stood firm. 

Third Responsory. 

Open Thine eyes, O Lord, and be 
hold our affliction : for the heathen are 
come round about us to punish us. 
But Thou, O Lord, stretch forth Thine 
arm, and deliver our souls. 

Verse. Punish them that oppress 
us and with pride do us wrong , and 
keep Thine own portion. 

Answer. But Thou, O Lord, stretch 
forth Thine arm, and deliver our souls. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer. But Thou, O Lord, stretch 
forth Thine arm, and deliver our souls. 



Fourth Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the First 
Book of Maccabees (ii. 19.) 

HPHEN Mattathias answered and 
spake with a loud voice : Though 
all nations should obey King Antiochus, 
and fall away every one from the re 
ligion of their fathers, and give con 
sent to his commandments, yet will 
I, and my sons, and my brethren walk 
according to the law of our fathers ; 
it is not good for us to forsake the 
law and the ordinances of God : we 
will not hearken unto the words of 
King Antiochus, neither will we offer 



The ghost of the High Priest Onias. 



2 II. xiv. 35, 36. 



FIRST WEEK OF OCTOBER. 



257 



sacrifice, to transgress against the 
commandments of our law, to go by 
another way. 

First Responsory. 
The sun shone, &c., (p. 254.) 

Second Lesson. 

IV" OW when he had left speaking 
these words, there came one of 
the Jews, in the sight of all, to sacrifice 
unto idols on the altar, which was 
in the city of Modin, according to the 
King s commandment. Which thing 
when Mattathias saw, he was inflamed 
with zeal ; and his reins trembled, and 
his fury was kindled according as the 
Law hath judged ; wherefore he ran 
and slew him upon the altar : also the 
man whom King Antiochus had sent, 
who compelled men to sacrifice, he 
killed at that time, and the altar he 
pulled down ; thus dealt he zealously 
for the law, like as Phinehas did unto 
Zambri the son of Salom. 

Second Responsory. 

They decked the fore-front, &c., (/. 
2550 

Third Lesson. 

AND Mattathias cried throughout 
** the city with a loud voice, say 
ing : Whosoever is zealous of the Law, 
and maintaineth the covenant, let him 
follow me. So he and his sons fled 
into the mountains, and left all that 
ever they had in the city. Then many 
that sought after judgment and justice 
went down into the wilderness, to dwell 
there, both they, and their children, 
and their wives, and their cattle : be 
cause afflictions increased sore upon 
them. 

Third Responsory. 
They praised the Lord, &c., (p. 255.) 



Fifth Day. 
MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the First 
Book of Maccabees (ii. 49.) 

TVT OW the time drew near that 
Mattathias should die, and he 
said unto his sons : Now hath pride 
and rebuke gotten strength, and the 
time of destruction, and the wrath of 
indignation. Now therefore, my sons, 
be ye zealous for the Law, and give 
your lives for the covenant of your 
fathers ; and call to remembrance 
what acts our fathers did in their time ; 
and so shall ye receive great honour, 
and an everlasting name. Was not 
Abraham found faithful in temptation, 
and it was imputed unto him for 
righteousness ? Joseph, in the time 
of his distress, kept the commandment, 
and was made lord of Egypt ; Phinehas 
our father, in being zealous with God s 
zeal, obtained the covenant of an ever 
lasting Priesthood. 

First Responsory. 

The Lord open your hearts, &c., 

(P. 251.) 

Second Lesson. 

T ESUS, by fulfilling the word, was 
J made a leader in Israel. Caleb, 
for bearing witness before the congre 
gation, received heritage. David, for 
being merciful, possessed the throne 
of an everlasting kingdom. Elias, for 
being zealous with zeal for the law, 
was taken up into heaven. Ananias, 
Azarias, and Mishael, by believing, 
were saved out of the flame. Daniel, 
for his innocency, was delivered from 
the mouth of lions. And thus con 
sider ye, that, from generation to gen- 



2 5 8 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



eration, none that put their trust in 
Him have been overcome. Fear not 
then the words of the sinful man, for 
his glory shall be dung and worms ; 
to-day he shall be lifted up, and to 
morrow he shall not be found, because 
he is returned into his dust, and his 
thought is come to nothing. 

Second Responsory. 

The Lord hear your prayers, &c., 
(P. 252.) 

Third Lesson. 

^WHEREFORE, ye, my sons, be 
valiant, and show yourselves 
men in the behalf of the Law ; for by 
it shall ye obtain glory. And, behold, 
I know that your brother Simon is a 
man of counsel ; give ear unto him 
alway, and he shall be a father unto 
you. As for Judas Maccabeus, he 
hath been mighty and strong, even 
from his youth up ; let him be your 
captain, and fight the battle of the 
people. Take also unto you all those 
that observe the Law, and avenge ye 
the wrong of your people. Recom 
pense fully the heathen, and take heed 
to the commandments of the Law. So 
he blessed them, and was gathered 
to his fathers. 

Third Responsory. 

Our enemies are gathered together, 
&c., (p. 252.) 



Sixth Day. 
MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the First 
Book of Maccabeus (ii. 70.) 



IX/TATTATHIAS died in the hun- 
dred- and -forty -and -sixth year, 
and his sons buried him in the sep 
ulchres of his fathers at Modin, and 
all Israel made great lamentation for 
him. (iii.) Then his son Judas, called 
Maccabeus, rose up in his stead ; and 
all his brethren helped him, and so 
did all they that held with his father, 
and they fought with cheerfulness the 
battle of Israel. So he gat his people 
great honour. He pursued the wicked, 
and sought them out ; and burnt up 
those that vexed his people : where 
fore his enemies shrunk for fear of 
him, and all the workers of iniquity 
were troubled : and salvation pros 
pered in his hand. 

First Responsory. 
Be ye not afraid, &c., (p. 253.) 

Secofid Lesson. 

T T E grieved also many kings, and 
made Jacob glad with his acts, 
and his memorial is blessed for ever. 
Moreover he went through the cities 
of Judah, and destroyed the ungodly 
out of them, and turned away wrath 
from Israel. So that he was re 
nowned unto the uttermost part of the 
earth ; and he received unto him such 
as were ready to perish. Then Apol- 
lonius gathered the Gentiles together, 
and an exceeding great host out of 
Samaria, to fight against Israel. Which 
thing when Judas perceived, he went 
forth to meet him, and smote him, and 
slew him. Many also fell down slain, 
and the rest fled ; and Judas took their 
spoils, and Apollonius his sword also, 
and therewith he fought all his lifelong. 

Second Responsory. 

The heathen are assembled, &c., 
(P- 2530 



FIRST WEEK OF OCTOBER. 



259 



Third Lesson. 

A ND the fear of Judas and his 
"^^ brethren, and exceeding great 
dread, fell upon all the nations round 
about them, insomuch as his fame 
came unto the King Antiochus, and 
all nations talked of the battles of 
Judas. Now when King Antiochus 
heard these things, he was full of in 
dignation, and sent, and gathered to 
gether a force out of all his realm, 
even a very strong army : he opened 
also his treasury, and gave them pay 
for a year, commanding them to be 
ready whensoever he should need 
them. 

Third Responsory. 
Thine, O Lord, &c., (p. 254.) 



The Sabbath. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the First 
Book of Maccabees (iii. 42.) 

"M" OW when Judas and his brethren 
saw that miseries were multi 
plied, and that forces did encamp 
themselves in their borders ; and when 
they knew how the King had given 
commandment to destroy the people, 
and utterly abolish them, they said 
one to another : Let us restore the 
decayed estate of our people, and let 
us fight for our people and our holy 
things. Then was the congregation 
gathered together, that they might be 
ready for battle, and that they might 
pray, and ask mercy and compassion. 
Now Jerusalem lay void, as a wilder 
ness ; there was none of her children 
that went in or out ; the sanctuary also 



was trodden down ; and aliens kept 
the strong-hold, where the heathen 
had their habitation ; and joy was 
taken from Jacob, and the pipe with 
the harp ceased. 

First Responsory. 
The sun shone, &c., {p. 254.) 

. Second Lesson. 

A ND [the Israelites] assembled to- 
^^ gether, and came to Mizpeh, 
over against Jerusalem for in Mizpeh 
was the place where they prayed be- 
foretime in Israel. And they fasted 
that day, and put on sackcloth, and 
cast ashes upon their heads, and 
rent their clothes, and laid open the 
book of the Law, wherefrom the 
heathen sought the likeness of their 
images ; they brought also the Priests 
garments, and the first-fruits, and the 
tithes ; and the Nazarites they stirred 
up, who had accomplished their days ; 
and they cried with a loud voice 
toward heaven, saying : What shall 
we do with these ? And whither 
shall we carry them away ? Thy 
sanctuary is trodden down and pro 
faned ! and Thy Priests are in heavi 
ness and brought low ! And, be 
hold, the heathen are assembled to 
gether against us, to destroy us. 
What things they imagine against 
us, Thou knowest. How shall we 
be able to stand against them, ex 
cept Thou, O God, be our help. 

Second Responsory. 

They decked the fore-front, &c., (p. 
2550 

Third Lesson. 



^PHEN they sounded with trumpets, 

and cried with a loud voice 

And after this Judas ordained cap- 



26o 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



tains over the people, even captains 
over thousands, and over hundreds, 
and over fifties, and over tens. But 
as for such as were building houses, 
or marrying wives, or planting vine 
yards, or were fearful, these he com 
manded that they should return, every 
man to his own house, according to 
the Law. So the camp removed, 
and pitched upon the south side of 
Emmaus. And Judas said : Arm 
yourselves, and be valiant men, and 
see that ye be in readiness against 
the morning, that ye may fight with 
these heathen, that are assembled 
together against us, to destroy us 
and our holy things, for it is better 
for us to die in battle than to be 
hold the calamities of our people 
and of our holy things. Neverthe 
less, as the Will is in heaven, so 
let it be done. 



Third Responsory. 

They praised the Lord, c., (p. 

2550 



The following Sunday is always 
occupied by a festival, usually that 
of the Rosary or of the Motherhood 
of the Blessed Virgin Mary, and no 
more of its office is used than the 
following, forming part of the Com 
memoration of the Sunday, at Vespers 
on Saturday evening. 

Antiphon. The sun shone upon 
the shields of gold, and the mountains 
glistened therewith, and the army of 
the heathens was spread abroad. 

Verse. Let the evening prayer 
ascend unto Thee, O Lord. 

Answer. And let there descend 
upon us Thy mercy. 

Prayer of the Sitnday. 



Second SiwtJag of ctober. 

The Second Lord^s Day of October. 



Second Day. 

MATTINS. 
First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the First 
Book of Maccabees (iv. 52.) 

f~\ N the five-and-twentieth day of the 
ninth month (which is called the 
month Casleu), in the hundred-forty- 
and-eighth year, they rose up betimes 
in the morning, and offered sacrifice 
according to the Law, upon the new 
altar of burnt-offerings which they had 
made. At what time and what day 
the heathen hath profaned it, even in 
that was it dedicated anew, with songs, 
and citherns, and harps, and cymbals. 
And all the people fell upon their 
faces, worshipping and blessing even 
unto heaven, Him Who had given 
them good success. 



First Responsory. 
Judas said, &c., (p. 254.) 

Second Lesson. 

A ND they kept the Dedication of 
^^ the Altar eight days, and offered 
burnt-offerings with gladness, and sac 
rificed the sacrifice of deliverance and 
praise. They decked also the fore 
front of the Temple with crowns of 
gold, and with shields, and the gates 
and the chambers they renewed, and 
hanged doors upon them. Thus was 
there very great gladness among the 
people, and the reproach of the heathen 
was put away. And Judas and his 
brethren, with the whole congregation 



SECOND WEEK OF OCTOBER. 



261 



of Israel, ordained that the days of 
the Dedication of the Altar should be 
kept in their season, from year to 
year, by the space of eight days, from 
the five-and-twentieth day of the month 
Casleu, with mirth and gladness. 

Second Responsory. 

They decked the fore-front, &c., (p. 
2550 

Third Lesson. 

A T that time also they builded up 
the Mount Zion, with high walls 
and strong towers round about, lest 
the Gentiles should come and tread it 
down, as they had done before. And 
he set there a garrison to keep it, and 
fortified it to preserve Beth-sura, that 
the people might have a defence 
against Idumea. 

Third Responsory. 
They praised the Lord, &c., (p. 255.) 



Third Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the First 
Book of Maccabees (v. i.) 

AND it came to pass, when the 
nations round about heard that 
the Altar was built, and the Sanctuary 
renewed as before, they were very 
much displeased, and thought to 
destroy the generation of Jacob that 
was among them, and began to slay 
some of the people, and to persecute 
them. And Judah fought against the 
children of Esau in Idumea, and them 
that were in Acrabathane, because 
they besieged the Israelites, and gave 
them a great overthrow. Also he 



remembered the injury of the children 
of Bean, who had been a snare and an 
offence unto the people, in that they 
lay in wait for them in the way. And 
he shut them up in the towers ; and 
encamped against them, and made 
them a curse, and burned their towers 
with fire, with all that were in them. 

First Responsory. 
This is a lover, &c., (p. 255.) 

Second Lesson. 

A ND he passed over to the children 
^^ of Ammon, and found a mighty 
power, and much people, and Timothy 
their Captain, and fought many battles 
with them ; and they were discomfited 
before them, and he smote them, and 
took the city of Gazer, and the towns 
belonging thereto, and returned into 
Judea. Then the heathen that were 
in Galaad assembled themselves to 
gether against the Israelites that were 
in their quarters, to destroy them ; but 
they fled to the fortress at Dathema. 

Second Responsory. 
Thou, O Lord of all, &c., (p. 256.) 

Third Lesson. 

AND they sent letters unto Judas 
^^ and his brethren, saying : The 
heathen that are round about us are 
assembled together against us, to 
destroy us, and they are preparing to 
come and take the fortress whereunto 
we are fled, Timothy being the Captain 
of their host. Come, now, therefore, 
and deliver us from their hands, for 
many of us are slain, yea, all our 
brethren that were in the places of 
Tubin are put to death ; their wives 
and their children also they have 
carried away captives, and [have borne 
away] their stuff, and they have de 
stroyed there about a thousand men. 



262 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



Third Responsory. 
Open Thine eyes, &c., (p. 256.) 



Fourth Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the First 
Book of Maccabees (v. 55.) 



time as Judas and Jonathan 
were in the land of Galaad, and 
Simon his brother in Galilee before 
Ptolema is, Joseph the son of Zacharias, 
and Azarias, Captain of the garrison, 
heard of the valiant acts and warlike 
deeds which they had done ; and they 
said : Let us also get us a name, and 
go fight against the heathen that are 
round about us. So, when they had 
given charge unto the garrison that 
was with them, they went toward 
Jamnia. 

First Responsory. 
The sun shone, &c., (p. 254.) 



Second Lesson. 



T 



HEN came Gorgias and his men 
out of the city, to fight against 
them, and so it was that Joseph and 
Azarias were put to flight [and pur 
sued] unto the borders of Judea. And 
there were slain that day of the people 
of Israel about two thousand men, and 
there was a great rout among the 
people, because they were not obed 
ient unto Judas and his brethren, but 
thought to do some valiant act. 
Moreover, these men came not of the 
seed of those by whose hand deliver 
ance was given unto Israel. 



Second Responsory. 

They decked the fore-front, c., (p. 

2550 

Third Lesson. 

TTOWBEIT the men of Judas were 
greatly renowned in the sight of 
all Israel, and of all nations, whereso 
ever their name was heard of, and the 
people assembled unto them with joyful 
acclamations. And Judas and his bre 
thren went forth, and fought against 
the children of Esau, in the land 
toward the South, and he smote 
Hebron and the towns thereof; and 
burnt the walls and towers thereof 
with fire. Then he removed to go 
into the land of the strangers, and 
passed through Samaria. At that 
time certain Priests, desirous to show 
their valour, were slain in battle, 
for that they went out to fight un 
advisedly. 

Third Responsory. 
They praised the Lord, &c., (p. 255.) 



Fifth Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the First 
Book of Maccabees (vi. I.) 

A ND as King Antiochus was travel- 
7"*" ling through the high countries, 
he heard say that the city of Elymais 
in Persia was a right noble city, and 
rich in silver and gold, and that there 
was in it a very rich temple, wherein 
were coverings of gold, both breast 
plates and shields, which Alexander 
the son of Philip, the Macedonian 
King, who reigned first among the 



SECOND WEEK OF OCTOBER. 



263 



Grecians, had left there. Wherefore 
he came and sought to take the city, 
and to spoil it ; but he was not able, 
because they of the city, having had 
warning thereof, rose up against him 
in battle ; so he fled, and departed 
thence with great heaviness, and re 
turned to Babylon. Moreover, there 
came one who brought him tidings in 
Persia, that the armies which went 
against the land of Judea were put to 
flight, and that Lysias, who went forth 
first with a great power, was put to 
flight of the Jews. 

First Responsory. 
The Lord open your hearts, &c., (p. 



251. 



Second Lesson. 



A ND that [the Jews] were made 
^^ strong by the armour, and 
power, and store of spoils, which 
they had gotten of the armies which 
they had destroyed : also that they 
had pulled down the abomination 
which he had set up upon the Altar 
in Jerusalem, and that they had 
compassed about the Sanctuary with 
high walls as before, and his city 
Beth -sura. And it came to pass, 
when the King heard these words, 
he was astonished and sore moved, 
and fell down upon his bed, and 
fell sick for grief, because it had 
not befallen him as he looked for. 
And there he continued many days, 
for his grief was ever more and 
more, and he made account that 
he should die. 

Second Responsory. 

The Lord hear your prayers, &c., 
(P. 252.) 

Third Lesson. 

/\ ND he called for all his friends, 
*"* and said unto them : The sleep 
is gone from mine eyes, and I am 



fallen down, and my heart faileth 
for very care ; and I have said in 
my heart : Into what tribulation am 
I come, and how great a flood of 
misery is it, wherein now I am, who 
have been merry and beloved in my 
power ! But now I remember the 
evils that I did at Jerusalem, and 
that I took all the vessels of gold 
and silver that were therein, and 
sent to make away with the in 
habitants of Judea without a cause. 
I perceive therefore that for this 
cause these troubles are come upon 
me, and, behold, I perish through 
great grief in a strange land. 



Third Responsory. 

Our enemies are gathered, &c., (p. 

252.) 



Sixth Day. 
MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the First 
Book of Maccabees (vii. i.) 

T N the hundred-and-one-and-fiftieth 
year, Demetrius the son of Seleu- 
cus departed from Rome, and came 
up with a few men unto a city of the 
sea-coast, and reigned there. Now 
when Demetrius was set upon the 
throne of his kingdom, there came 
unto him wicked and ungodly men 
of Israel, having Alcimus, who was 
desirous to be High Priest, for 
their captain. And they accused the 
people to the King, saying : Judas 
and his brethren have slain all thy 
friends, and driven us out of our 
own land. Now, therefore, send some 
man whom thou trustest, and let him 
go and see what havock he hath made 



264 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



among us, and in the King s land, and 
let him punish all his friends, and all 
them that aid him. 

First Responsory. 
Be ye not afraid, &c., (p. 253.) 

Second Lesson. 

"THEN the King chose Bacchides, 
a friend of his, who ruled in the 
kingdom beyond the Great River, and 
was faithful to the King. And him 
he sent to see what havock Judas had 
made. And that wicked Alcimus he 
made High Priest, and commanded 
that he should take vengeance of the 
children of Israel. So they departed, 
and came with a great power into 
the land of Judea, where they sent 
messengers to Judas and his brethren 
with peaceable words deceitfully. But 
they gave no heed to their words ; for 
they saw that they were come with a 
great power. 

Second Responsory. 

The heathen are assembled, &c., (p. 
2530 

Third Lesson. 

HP HEN did there assemble unto Al 
cimus and Bacchides a company 
of Scribes, to require justice. Now 
the Assidaeans were the first among 
the children of Israel that sought 
peace of them ; for they said : One 
that is a Priest of the seed of Aaron 
is come, and he will do us no 
wrong. So he spake unto them 
peaceably, and sware unto them, say 
ing : We will procure the harm neither 
of you nor of your friends. And they 
believed him. And he took of them 



three-score men, and slew them in 
one day, according to the word that 
is written : The flesh of Thy Saints 
[have they given to be meat unto 
the beasts of the earth,] and their 
blood have they shed [like water] 
round about Jerusalem ; and there was 
none to bury them. 1 

Third Responsory. 
Thine, O Lord, &c., (p. 254.) 



The Sabbath. 
MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the First 
Book of Maccabees (viii. i.) 

1VT OW Judas had heard of the fame 
of the Romans, that they are 
mighty and valiant men, and such 
as lovingly accept all that betake 
themselves unto them, and make a 
league of amity with all that come 
unto them, and that they are mighty 
and valiant men. And they heard 
also of their wars, and noble acts 
which they had done among the 
Galatians, and how they had con 
quered them, and brought them under 
tribute ; and what they had done in 
the country of Spain, and won the 
mines of silver and gold which are 
there ; and that by their policy and 
patience they had conquered all the 
place, though it were very far from 
them ; and the kings also that came 
against them from the uttermost parts 
of the earth, they have discomfited 
them, and smitten them with a great 
overthrow ; so that the rest do give 
them tribute every year. 



i Ps. hcxviii. 2, 3, "The Flesh of Thy Saints" might be rendered "The flesh of Thine 
Assideans," the Greek " Assidaios " being merely an attempt to represent the Hebrew " Kasid," 
or Saint, the official title of these unfortunate persons, (much as we now call some people 
"Most Reverend," "Venerable," and the like.) 



THIRD WEEK OF OCTOBER. 



265 



First Responsory. 
The sun shone, &c., (p. 254.) 

Second Lesson. 

AND Judas chose Eupolemus, the 
^^ son of John, the son of Jacob, 
and Jason, the son of Eleazar, and 
sent them to Rome, to make a league 
of amity and confederacy with them, 
and [to entreat them] that they would 
take away the yoke of the Greeks 
from off them, for they saw that 
they did oppress the kingdom of 
Israel even unto bondage. They 
went therefore to Rome, which was 
a very great journey, and came 
into the senate, and said : Judas 
Maccabeus, and his brethren, and the 
people of the Jews, have sent us 
unto you, to make a confederacy 
and peace with you, and that we 
might be registered your confederates 
and friends. And the saying was good 
in their sight. And this is the epistle 
which they wrote back again in tables 
of brass, and sent to Jerusalem, that 
there they might have by them a 
memorial of peace and confederacy. 

Second Responsory. 

They decked the fore-front, &c., (p. 
2550 

Third Lesson. 



success be to the Romans, 
^-^ and to the people of the Jews, 
by sea and by land, for ever ; the 
sword also and enemy be far from 
them ! If there come first any war 
upon the Romans, or any of their 
confederates throughout all their do 
minion, the people of the Jews shall 
help them, as the time shall require, 
with all their heart ; neither shall they 
give anything unto them that make 
war upon them, or aid them with 
corn, weapons, money, or ships, as it 
hath seemed good unto the Romans ; 



but they shall keep their commands, 
without taking anything therefrom. In 
like manner also, if war come first 
upon the nation of the Jews, the 
Romans shall help them with all 
their heart, according as the time 
shall enable them. 

Third Responsory. 
They praised the Lord, &c., (p. 255.) 

The following Sunday is always 
occupied by a festival, usually that of 
the Motherhood or of the Purity of the 
Blessed Virgin. In any case, no more 
of the Sunday office is used than the 
following, forming part of the com 
memoration of the Sunday, at Vespers 
on Saturday evening. 

Antiphon. Moreover, all Israel 
made great lamentation for Judas, 
saying : How art thou fallen, thou 
valiant man of war, that didst deliver 
the Lord s people ! 

Verse. Let the evening prayer 
ascend unto Thee, O Lord. 

Answer. And let there descend 
upon us Thy mercy. 

Prayer of the Sunday. 



2Cfjtrti Sunfcag of cto&er. 

The Third Lord^s Day of October. 



Second Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the First 
Book of Maccabees (ix. 28.) 

A ND all Judas friends came to- 
^ gether, and said unto Jonathan : 
Since thy brother Judas died, we have 



266 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



no man like him to go forth against 
our enemies, against Bacchides, and 
against them of our nation that are 
adversaries to us. Now, therefore, 
we have chosen thee this day, to be 
our Prince and Captain in his stead, 
that thou mayest fight our battles. 
Upon this Jonathan took the govern 
ment upon him at that time, and rose 
up instead of his brother Judas. And 
Bacchides gat knowledge thereof, 
and sought for to slay him. 

First Respo?2sory. 
Judas said, &c., (p. 254.) 



went up, and hid themselves under 
the covert of the mountain. And 
they lifted up their eyes, and looked ; 
and, behold, there was much ado, 
and great carriage ; and the bride 
groom came forth, and his friends 
and brethren, to meet them, with 
drums, and instruments of music, 
and many weapons. Then [Jonathan 
and they that were with him] rose 
up against 1 them from the place 
where they lay in ambush, and 
made a slaughter of them, in such 
sort as many fell smitten, and the 
remnant fled into the mountains : 
and they took all their spoils. 



Second Lesson. 

AND Jonathan, and Simon his 
*"* brother, and all that were with 
him, heard of it, and fled into the 
wilderness of Tekoa, and pitched their 
tents by the water of the pool Asphar. 
And Bacchides knew it, and came 
across Jordan with all his host upon 
the Sabbath day. And Jonathan sent 
his brother John, a captain of the 
people, to pray his friends the Nabath- 
ites, that they might leave with them 
their equipage which was much. But 
the children of Jambri came out of 
Medaba, and took John, and all that 
he had, and went their way with it. 



Second Responsory. 

They decked the fore-front, &c., (p. 
2550 

Third Lesson. 

A FTER this came word to Jonathan 
^^ and Simon his brother, that the 
children of Jambri made a great mar 
riage, and were bringing the bride from 
Madaba, being the daughter of one of 
the great princes of Canaan, with a 
great train. And they remembered 
the blood of John their brother, and 



Third Responsory. 

They praised the Lord, &c., (p. 

2550 



Third Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the First 
Book of Maccabees (xii. I.) 

~MT OW, when Jonathan saw that the 
time served him, he chose cer 
tain men, and sent them to Rome, 
for to confirm and renew the friend 
ship that they had with them. He 
sent letters also to the Spartans, and 
to other places, after the same man 
ner. So they went unto Rome, and 
entered into the Senate, and said : 
Jonathan the High Priest and the 
people of the Jews have sent us 
unto you, to the end we should re 
new the friendship and league as in 
former time. And [the Romans] gave 
them letters unto the Governors of every 
place, that they should bring them into 
the land of Judea peaceably. 



THIRD WEEK OF OCTOBER. 



26 7 



First Responsory. 
This is a lover, &c., (p. 255.) 



Second Lesson. 

AND this is the copy of the letters 
*"* which Jonathan wrote to the 
Spartans. Jonathan the High Priest, 
and the elders of the nation, and the 
Priests, and the other people of the 
Jews, unto the Spartans their breth 
ren send greeting. There were letters 
sent in times past unto Onias the 
High Priest from Arius, who reigned 
then among you, to signify that ye 
are our brethren ; as the copy here 
underwritten doth specify. And Onias 
entreated the ambassador, that was 
sent, honourably, and received the 
letters, wherein declaration was made 
of the league and friendship. 



Second Responsory. 
Thou, O Lord of all, &c., (/. 256.) 

Third Lesson. 

"\X 7"E, albeit we need none of these 
things, for that we have the 
holy books in our hands to comfort 
us, have been fain to send unto you 
for the renewing of brotherhood and 
friendship, lest we should become 
strangers unto you altogether ; for 
there is a long time past since ye 
sent unto us. We therefore at all 
times without ceasing, both in our 
Feasts and other convenient days, 
do remember you in the sacrifices 
which we offer, and in our prayers, 
as reason is, and as it becometh us 
to think upon our brethren. 

Third Responsory. 
Open Thine eyes, &c., (p. 256.) 



Fourth Day. 
MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the First 
Book of Maccabees (xii. 39.) 

1VT OW Tryphon had in his thoughts 
to get the kingdom of Asia, and 
to take the crown, and to stretch forth 
his hand against Antiochus the King. 
Howbeit, he was afraid that Jonathan 
would not suffer him, but that he would 
fight against him ; wherefore he sought 
a way how to take Jonathan, that he 
might kill him. So he arose and came 
to Bethshan. Now when Tryphon saw 
that Jonathan came with so great a 
force, he durst not stretch his hand 
against him, and was afraid. So he 
received him honourably, and com 
mended him unto all his friends, 
and gave him gifts, and commanded 
his host to be as obedient unto him 
as to himself. 

First Responsory. 
The sun shone, &c., (p. 254.) 

Second Lesson. 

T T NTO Jonathan also he said : Why 
^ hast thou put all the people to 
so great trouble, seeing there is no 
war betwixt us ? Therefore send them 
now home again, and choose a few 
men to wait on thee, and come now 
with me to Ptolemais, and I will 
give it thee, and the rest of the 
strongholds, and forces, and all that 
have any charge ; as for me, I will 
return and depart for this is the 
cause of my coming. And [Jonathan] 
believed him and did as he bade him, 
and sent away his host, who went 
into the land of Judah. And with 



268 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



himself he retained three thousand 
men, of whom he sent two thousand 
into Galilee ; and one thousand went 
with him. 

Second Responsory. 

They decked the fore-front, &c., (p. 

2550 

Third Lesson. 

TOUT as soon as Jonathan entered 
into Ptolemais, they of Ptolemais 
shut the gates of the city, and took 
him, and all that came with him 
they slew with the sword. And 
Tryphon sent an host [of footmen] 
and horsemen into Galilee, and into 
the Great Plain, to destroy all Jon 
athan s company. But when they 
knew that Jonathan, and they that 
were with him, were taken and slain, 
they encouraged one another, and 
went forth prepared to fight. They, 
therefore, that followed upon them, 
perceiving that they were ready to 
fight for their lives, turned back 
again ; whereupon they all came into 
the land of Judah peaceably. And 
they bewailed Jonathan and them 
that were with him, with great 
lamentation. 

Third Responsory. 

They praised the Lord, &c., (p. 

2550 



Fifth Day. 
MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the First 
Book of Maccabees (xiii. i.) 

AND Simon heard that Tryphon 
"^^ had gathered together a great 
host, to invade the land of Judah 



and destroy it. And when he saw 
that the people was in trembling 
and fear, he went up to Jerusalem, 
and gathered the people together, 
and gave them exhortation, saying : 
Ye yourselves know what great battles 
I, and my brethren, and my father s 
house, have made for the laws, and 
the sanctuary ; and the troubles which 
we have seen ; by reason whereof all 
my brethren are slain for Israel s sake, 
and I am left alone. Now, there 
fore, be it far from me that I should 
spare mine own life in any time of 
trouble, for I am no better than my 
brethren. Yea, I will avenge my 
nation, and the sanctuary, and our 
children, and our wives ; for all the 
heathen are gathered to destroy us 
of very malice. 

First Responsory. 
The Lord open, &c., (p. 251.) 

Second Lesson. 

A ND as soon as the people heard 
^^ these words, their spirit was 
kindled, and they answered with a 
loud voice, saying : Thou shalt be 
our leader instead of Judas and 
Jonathan thy brother. Fight thou 
our battle, and whatsoever thou com- 
mandest us, that will we do. So 
then he gathered together all the 
men of war, and made haste to finish 
the walls of Jerusalem ; and he forti 
fied it round about. And he sent 
Jonathan the son of Absalom, and 
with him a new host, to Joppa, who, 
casting out them that were therein, 
remained there himself. And Try 
phon removed from Ptolemais with 
a great power, to invade the land 
of Judah ; and Jonathan was with 
him, in ward. But Simon pitched 
his tents at Addus, over against the 
plain. 



THIRD WEEK OF OCTOBER. 



269 



Second Responsory. 
The Lord hear, &c., (p. 252.) 

Third Lesson. 

A ND when Tryphon knew that 
*^^ Simon was risen up instead of 
his brother Jonathan, and that he 
meant to join battle with him, he sent 
messengers unto him, saying : For the 
money that he owed unto the King s 
treasure, concerning the business that 
was committed unto him, we have 
Jonathan thy brother in hold. Where 
fore, now, send an hundred talents of 
silver, and two of his sons for hostages, 
that, when he is at liberty, he may not 
revolt from us and we will let him 
go. Now Simon perceived that they 
spake deceitfully unto him ; yet sent 
he the money and the children, lest he 
should procure to himself great hatred 
of the people, who might have said : 
Because he sent him not the money 
and the children, therefore did he 
perish. So he sent them the children 
and the hundred talents. Howbeit 
[Tryphon] dissembled, neither did he 
let Jonathan go. 1 

Third Responsory. 

Our enemies are gathered, &c., (p. 

252.) 



Sixth Day. 
MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the 
Book of Maccabees (xiv. 16.) 

A ND it was heard at Rome, and as 
^^ far as Sparta, that Jonathan was 
dead, and they were very sorry. But 



First 



as soon as they heard that his brother 
Simon was made High Priest in his 
stead, and ruled all the country and 
the cities therein, they wrote unto him 
in tables of brass to renew the friend 
ship and league which they had made 
with Judas and Jonathan his brethren. 
Which writings were read before the 
congregation at Jerusalem. And this 
is the copy of the letters that the 
Spartans sent. 

First Responsory. 
Be ye not afraid, &c., (p. 253.) 

Second Lesson. 

"THE Rulers of the Spartans, and 
their cities, unto Simon the High 
Priest, and the Elders and Priests, and 
residue of the people of the Jews, our 
brethren, send greeting. The ambas 
sadors that were sent unto our people 
certified us of your glory, and honour, 
and happiness, and we were glad at 
their coming. And we did register 
the things that they spake in the 
council of the people in this manner : 
Numenius son of Antiochus, and Anti- 
pater son of Jason, the Jews ambas 
sadors, came unto us to renew the 
former friendship they had with us. 
And it pleased the people to entertain 
the men honourably, and to put the 
copy of their ambassage in public 
records, to the end the people of 
the Spartans might have a me 
morial thereof. Furthermore, we have 
written a copy thereof unto Simon 
the High Priest. 



Second Responsory. 

The heathen are assembled, &c., 

(p. 2530 



1 He soon afterwards killed him. 



2/0 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



Third Lesson. 

A FTER this Simon sent Numenius 
^^ to Rome, with a great shield of 
gold of a thousand pound weight, to 
confirm the league with them. And 
when the Roman people heard these 
things, they said : What thanks shall 
we give to Simon and his sons ? For 
he hath established his brethren, and 
chased away in fight the enemies of 
Israel from them ? So then they 
wrote it in tables of brass, which they 
set upon pillars in mount Zion. 

Third Responsory. 
Thine, O Lord, &c., (p. 254.) 



The Sabbath. 
MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the First 
Book of Maccabees (xvi. 14.) 

"1VT OW Simon was visiting the cities 
that were in the country of 
Judea, and taking care for the good 
ordering of them, at which time he 
came down himself to Jericho, with 
his sons Mattathias and Judas, in the 
hundred - threescore - and - seventeenth 
year, in the eleventh month, which is 
the month Shebat. And the son of 
Abodus received them deceitfully into 
a little hold, called Doch, which he 
had built ; and he made them a great 
banquet. Howbeit, he had hid men 
there. And when Simon and his sons 
were drunk with wine, Ptolemy and 
his men rose up, and took their 
weapons, and came into the banqueting 
place, and slew [Simon], and his two 
sons, and certain of his servants. In 
which he committed a great treachery 
in Israel, and recompensed evil for 
good. 



First Responsory. 
The sun shone, &c., (p. 254.) 

Second Lesson. 

A ND Ptolemy wrote those things, 
and sent to the King, that he 
should send him an host to aid him, 
and he would deliver him the country, 
and the cities, and the tribute. He 
sent others also to Gazara to kill 
John ; and unto the tribunes he sent 
letters to come unto him, that he 
might give them silver, and gold, and 
rewards. And others he sent to take 
Jerusalem, and the mountain of the 
Temple. But one ran afore to Gazara, 
and told John that his father and 
brethren were slain, and that "he hath 
sent to slay thee also." 

Second Responsory. 

They decked the fore-front, &c., (p. 
2550 

Third Lesson. 

TT ERE OF when he heard, he was 
sore astonished ; and he laid 
hands on them that were come to 
destroy him, and slew them ; for he 
knew that they sought to make him 
away. And as concerning the rest of 
the acts of John, and his wars, and 
worthy deeds of valour which he did, 
and the building of the walls which he 
made, and his doings, behold, these 
are written in the Chronicles of his 
Priesthood, from the time he was made 
High Priest after his father. 

Third Responsory. 
They praised the Lord, &c. , (A 2 5 5 ) 

The following Sunday is always 
occupied by a festival, usually that of 
the Purity or of the Patronage of the 
Blessed Virgin. In any case, no part 



FOURTH WEEK OF OCTOBER. 



271 



of this Stinday office is used, except the 
Lessons of the First Nocturn, which 
being the beginning of the book of 
Scripture, are transferred to Monday, 
and the following, which forms part of 
the commemoration of the Sunday, at 
Vespers on Saturday evening. 

Antiphon. The Lord, even the 
Lord our God, hear your prayers, and 
be at one with you, and never forsake 
you in time of trouble. 

Verse. Let the evening prayer 
ascend unto Thee, O Lord. 

Answer. And let there descend 
upon us Thy mercy. 

Prayer of the Sunday. 



Jourtfj Suntiag of ctofar. 

The Fourth Lord s Day in October. 



Second Day. 

MATTINS. 
First Lesson (of Sunday}. 

Here beginneth the Second Book x of 
the Maccabees (i. i.) 

2 HTHE brethren, the Jews that be at 
Jerusalem, and in the land of 
Judea, wish unto the brethren, the 
Jews that are throughout Egypt, health 
and good peace. God be gracious 
unto you, and remember His covenant 
that He made with Abraham, Isaac, 
and Jacob, His faithful servants ; and 
give you all an heart to serve Him, 
and to do His will, with a good 
courage and a willing mind. May He 



open your heart in His Law and com 
mandments, and send you peace. May 
He hear your prayers, and be at one 
with you, and never forsake you in 
time of trouble. And now we be here 
praying for you. 

First Responso?y. 
Judas said, &c., (p. 254.) 

Second Lesson (of Sunday. 18). 

HPHEREFORE, whereas we are now 
purposed to keep the Purification 
of the Temple upon the five-and-twen- 
tieth day of the month Casleu, we have 
thought it necessary to certify you 
thereof, that ye also may keep it, as 
the Feast of the tabernacles, and as 
the feast of the fire which was given 
when Nehemiah offered sacrifice, after 
that he had builded the Temple and 
the Altar. For when our fathers were 
led into Persia, the Priests that were 
then devout toward God took the fire 
of the Altar privily, and hid it in the 
valley, where was a pit deep and dry, 
where they kept it sure, so that the 
place was unknown to all men. ( Jliird 
Lesson of Sitnday.} But after many 
years, when it pleased God that Nehe 
miah should be sent from the King 
of Persia, he sent of the posterity of 
those Priests that had hijl it, to search 
for the fire ; but they told us they 
found no fire, but thick water. Then 
commanded he them to draw it up 
and to bring it unto him ; and, when 
the sacrifices were laid on, Nehemiah 
the Priest commanded to sprinkle the 
wood and the things laid thereon, with 
the water. When this was done, and 
the time came that the sun shone, 
which afore was hid in a cloud, there 
was a great fire kindled, so that every 



1 "This," says Archbishop Kenrick, "is an abridgment of a diffuse history, comprised in 
seven books, written by Jason or Josue, an inhabitant of Cyrene in Africa." 

2 " Two letters, written by the Jews of Jerusalem to their brethren in Egypt, are placed by 
the author in the commencement of his work." 



2/2 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



man marvelled. (First Lesson of Mon 
day, ii. i.) It is also found in the 
records of Jeremiah the Prophet, that 
he commanded them that were carried 
away to take of the fire, as it hath 
been signified, and that he so com 
manded them that had been carried 
away. He gave them also the Law, 
lest they should forget the command 
ments of the Lord, and that they 
should not err in their minds, when 
they should see images of silver and 
gold, with their ornaments. And with 
other such speeches exhorted he them, 
that they should not let the Law depart 
from their hearts. 

Second Rfsponsory. 

They decked the fore-front, &c., (p. 

2550 

Third Lesson. ( Second Lesson of 
Monday. ) 

T T was also contained, in the same 
writing, that the Prophet, being 
warned of God, commanded the taber 
nacle and the Ark to go with him, as 
he went forth into the mountain where 
Moses climbed up and saw the heri 
tage of God. And when Jeremiah 
came thither, he found an hollow cave ; 
wherein he laid the tabernacle, and 
the Ark, and the Altar of incense ; 
and so stopped the door. And some 
of those that followed him came to 
mark the way, but they could not find 
it. (Third Lesson of Monday.} And 
when Jeremiah perceived it, he blamed 
them, saying : As for that place, it 
shall be unknown, until the time that 
God gather His people again together, 
and receive them unto mercy : then 
shall the Lord show them these things, 
and the glory of the Lord shall appear, 
and the cloud also, as it was shown 
with Moses, and as He showed these 
things when Solomon desired that the 



place might be sanctified unto the 
great God. For he treated nobly of 
wisdom ; and, being wise, he offered 
the sacrifice of Dedication and of the 
Finishing of the Temple. 

Third Responsory. 

They praised the Lord, &c., (p. 

2550 



Third Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Second 
Book of Maccabees (iii. i.) 

1\T OW when the Holy City was 
inhabited with all peace, and 
the laws were kept very well, because 
of the godliness of Onias the High 
Priest, and hatred of wickedness, it 
came to pass that even the Kings and 
Princes did highly honour the place, 
and magnify the Temple with their 
best gifts ; insomuch that Seleucus, 
King of Asia, of his own revenues, 
bare all the costs belonging to the 
service of the sacrifices. But one 
Simon, of the tribe of Benjamin, who 
was made Governor of the Temple, 
fell out with the High Priest, seeking 
to bring about disorder in the City. 

First Responsory. 
This is a lover, &c., (p. 255.) 

Second Lesson. 

A ND when he could not overcome 
Onias, he gat him to Apollonius, 
the son of Thrases, who then was 
Governor of Ccelesyria and Phoenicia, 
and told him that the treasury in 
Jerusalem was full of infinite sums of 



FOURTH WEEK OF OCTOBER. 



273 



money, so that the multitude of their 
riches which did not pertain to the 
account of the sacrifices was im 
measurable ; and that it was possible 
to bring all into the King s hand. 
Now, when Apollonius had showed 
him of the money whereof he was 
told, the King chose out Heliodorus, 
who was over his business, and sent 
him with a commandment to bring 
him the foresaid money. So forth 
with Heliodorus took his journey, 
under colour of visiting the cities of 
Coelesyria and Phoenicia, but, in deed, 
to fulfil the King s purpose. 

Second Responsory. 
Thou, O Lord of all, &c., (p. 256.) 

Third Lesson. 

A ND when he was come to Jeru- 
"^^ salem, and had been courteously 
received of the High Priest in the city, 
he told him what intelligence was 
given of the money, and declared 
wherefore he came ; and asked if these 
things were so indeed. Then the 
High Priest told him that there was 
such money laid up, for the relief of 
widows and fatherless children ; and 
that some of it belonged to Hyrcanus, 
son of Tobias, a man of great dignity, 
in that whereof that wicked Simon 
had given information, but that the 
sum of it in all was four hundred 
talents of silver, and two hundred of 
gold. And that it was altogether 
impossible that such wrong should be 
done unto them that had committed it 
to the [holiness of the] place and to 
the Temple, whose Majesty and 
Sanctity are honoured over all the 
world. 

Third Responsory. 
Open Thine eyes, &c., (p. 256.) 



Fourth Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Second 
Book of Maccabees (iii. 23.) 

XT EVERTHELESS, Heliodorus exe 
cuted that which was decreed, 
now as he was then present himself, 
with his guard, about the treasury. 
But the Spirit of the God of all power 
caused a great apparition, so that all 
that presumed to obey his commands 
were astonished at the power of God, 
and fainted, and were sore afraid. 
For there appeared unto them an 
horse, with a terrible rider upon him, 
and adorned with a very fair covering ; 
and he ran fiercely and smote at 
Heliodorus with his fore -feet. And 
it seemed that he that sat upon the 
horse had complete harness of gold. 



First Responsory. 
The sun shone, &c., (p. 254.) 

Second Lesson. 

TV/I" OREOVER, two other young men 
appeared before him, notable in 
strength, excellent in beauty, and 
comely in apparel, who stood by him 
[Heliodorus] on either side, and 
scourged him continually, and gave 
him many sore stripes. And Helio 
dorus fell suddenly unto the ground, 
and was compassed with great dark 
ness ; but they that were with him 
took him up, and put him into a litter, 
and took him away. Thus he that 
lately came with many footmen and 
guards into the said treasury, was 
carried out unable to help himself; 



274 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



and the power of God was manifestly 
acknowledged. And he by the power 
of God lay speechless, without any 
hope or health. 

Second Responsory. 

They decked the fore-front, &c., (p. 

2550 

Third Lesson. 

CO the High Priest, suspecting that 
*^ the King should misconceive that 
some treachery had been done to 
Heliodorus by the Jews, offered a 
sacrifice for the health of the man. 
And as the High Priest was praying, 
the same young men, in the same 
clothing, stood by the side of Helio 
dorus, and said : Give Onias the 
Priest thanks ; insomuch as for his 
sake the Lord hath granted thee life. 
But, seeing that thou hast been 
scourged from God, declare unto all 
men the mighty works of God and 
His power. And, when they had 
spoken these words, they appeared 
no more. 



Fifth Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Second 
Book of Maccabees (iv. i.) 

HP HIS Simon now, of whom we spake 
afore, having been a bewrayer of 
the money and of his country, slandered 
Onias, as if he had pushed on Helio 
dorus to this, and been the worker of 
these evils ; thus was he bold to call 
him a traitor, that had deserved well of 
the city, and tendered his own nation, 
and was so zealous of the laws. But 
when this hatred went so far that by 
some of Simon s faction murders were 
committed, Onias, seeing the danger 
of this contention, (and that Apollonius, 
as being the Governor of Ccelesyria 
and Phoenicia, did rage, and increase 
Simon s malice,) he went to the King 
not to be an accuser of his countrymen, 
but seeking the good of all with whom 
he had to do. 



Third Responsory. 

They praised the Lord, &c., (p. 

2550 

Should there be only four weeks in 
October, and the next Sunday be conse 
quently the First Sunday of November, 
upon which the Book of Ezekiel is 
begun, upon the Thursday, Friday, and 
Saturday, hereafter immediately follow 
ing, are read the Lessons from Second 
Maccabees assigned for the Sunday, 
Monday, and Tuesday of the Fifth 
Week of October, instead of the Lessons 
immediately hereafter given. Where, 
however, the reading of these Lessons 
is prevented (e.g., by the Feast of SS. 
Simon and Jude] they are for that year 
simply omitted. 



First Responsory. 
The Lord open, &c., (p. 251.) 

Second Lesson. 

1C* OR he saw that it was impossible 
that the State should continue 
quiet, and Simon leave his folly, unless 
the King did look thereunto. But 
after the death of Seleucus, when 
Antiochus, called "the Illustrious," 
took the kingdom, Jason, the brother 
of Onias, laboured underhand to be 
High Priest, promising unto the King 
by intercession three hundred and 
three - score talents of silver, and of 
other revenues eighty talents ; beside 
this he promised to assign an hundred 
and fifty more, if he might have licence 



FOURTH WEEK OF OCTOBER. 



275 



to set him up a place for exercise and 
for the training up of youth, and to 
write them of Jerusalem by the name 
of " Antiochians." 

Second Responsory. 
The Lord hear, &c., (p. 252.) 

Third Lesson. 

ICH w hen the King had 
granted, and he had gotten 
into his hand the rule, he forthwith 
began to bring his own nation to the 
Greekish fashion. And the Royal 
privileges, granted by special favour, 
to the Jews, by the means of John, the 
father of Eupolemus, who went ambas 
sador to Rome for amity and aid, he 
took away, and, putting down the 
governments which were according 
to the Law, he brought up perverse 
customs. 

Third Responsory. 
Our enemies, &c., (/. 252.) 



Sixth Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Second 
Book of Maccabees (v. i.) 

A BOUT the same time, Antiochus 
^^ prepared his second voyage into 
Egypt. And then it happened that 
through all the city of Jerusalem, for 
the space of forty days, there were seen 
horsemen running in the air, in cloth 
of gold, and armed with lances, like a 
band of soldiers, and troops of horses 
in array, encountering and running 
one against another, with shaking of 
shields, and multitude of men in 



helmets with drawn swords, and cast 
ing of darts, and glittering of golden 
ornaments, and harness of all sorts. 
Wherefore every man prayed that that 
apparition might turn to good. 

First Responsory. 
Be ye not afraid, &c., (p. 253.) 

Second Lesson. 

1DUT when there was gone forth a 
false rumour, as though Anti 
ochus had been dead, Jason took at 
the least a thousand men, and sud 
denly made an assault upon the city. 
And they that were upon the walls 
being put back, and the city at length 
taken, Menelaus fled into the Castle. 
But Jason slew his own citizens with 
out mercy ; not considering that to 
get the day of them of his own na 
tion would be a most unhappy day for 
him, but thinking they had been his 
enemies, and not his countrymen, 
whom he conquered. Howbeit, for 
all this he obtained not the princi 
pality, but at the last received shame 
for the reward of his treason, and fled 
again into the country of the Am 
monites. 

Second Responsory. 

The heathen are assembled, c., 
(P. 2530 

Third Lesson. 

T N the end therefore, he had an un 
happy return, being accused be 
fore Aretas, the King of the Arab 
ians, fleeing from city to city, detested 
of all men, hated as a forsaker of the 
laws, and being had in abomination 
as an open enemy of his country and 
countrymen, he was cast out into 
Egypt : thus he that had driven many 
out of their country perished in a 
strange land, retiring to the Lacede 
monians, and thinking there to find 



2 7 6 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



succour by reason of his kindred : and 
he that had cast out many unburied 
had none to mourn for him, and was 
cast out unburied, and had neither 
funeral in a strange land, nor share 
in the sepulchre of his fathers. 

Third Responsory. 
Thine, O Lord, &c., (p. 254.) 



The Sabbath. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Second 
Book of Maccabees (vi. i.) 

T3UT not long after this, King 
Antiochus sent an old man of 
Antioch to compel the Jews to depart 
from the laws of their fathers and of 
their God ; and to pollute also the 
temple in Jerusalem, and to call it the 
temple of Jupiter Olympius ; and the 
[temple] in Gerizim, 1 [the temple] of 
Jupiter the Defender of strangers, as 
they did desire that dwelt in the place. 
The coming-in of this mischief was 
sore and grievous to all : for the 
temple was rilled with levvdness and 
revelling by the Gentiles, and dalliers 
with harlots ; who had to do with 
women within the circuit of the holy 
places, and brought in things that 
were not lawful. 

First Responsory. 
The sun shone, &c., (p. 254.) 

Second Lesson. 

^PHE altar also was rilled with pro 

fane things, which were for 

bidden by the Law. Neither were 



Sabbath-Days kept, nor the ancient 
Feasts observed, nor did any man 
plainly profess himself to be a Jew. 
And in the day of the King s birth 
they were brought by bitter constraint 
to the sacrifices ; and when the feast 
of Bacchus was kept, they were com 
pelled to go in procession to Bacchus, 
crowned with ivy. Moreover, there 
went out a decree to the neighbour 
cities of the heathen, by the sug 
gestion of the Ptolemies, that they 
should observe the same fashions 
against the Jews, that they might 
sacrifice : and whoso would not con 
form themselves to the manners of the 
Gentiles, they should put to death. 
Then might a man have seen misery. 

Second Responsory. 

They decked the fore-front, &c., 
(P- 2550 

Third Lesson. 

T7OR there were two women brought 
who had circumcised their child 
ren : whom when they had openly led 
round about the city, the babes hang 
ing at their breasts, they cast them 
down headlong from the wall. And 
others that had run together into 
caves near by, to keep the Sabbath- 
Day secretly, being discovered by 
Philip, were all burnt together, be 
cause they made a conscience to help 
themselves, for the honour of the 
sacred day. Now I beseech those 
that read this book that they be not 
discouraged for these calamities, but 
that they judge these punishments 
not to be for destruction, but for a 
chastening of our nation. 



They 

2550 



Third Responsory. 
praised the Lord, &c., (p. 



1 I.e. , the heretical temple of the Samaritans. 



FIFTH WEEK OF OCTOBER. 



277 



VESPERS, 

Antipkon at the Song of the Blessed 
Virgin. Thine, O Lord, is the power ; 
* the kingdom is Thine. Thou art 
high above all the heathen ; grant 
peace in our time, O Lord. 

Prayer of the ensuing Sunday. 



Suntiag of ctofcer. 



The Fifth Lord^s Day of October. 

MATTINS. 
FIRST NOCTURN. 

Note. The Lessons here assigned 
for Sunday, Monday, and Tuesday, 
are to be preferred to those assigned 
for Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, 
and Saturday. They are therefore to 
be read, one after another, upon the 
first three days of this week upon 
which the Lessons are according to the 
Season, the others being omitted, if 
necessary. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Second 
Book of Maccabees (vi. 18.) 

THEREFORE Eleazar, one of the 
principal scribes, an aged man 
and of a well-favoured countenance, 
was constrained to open his mouth 
and to eat swine s flesh. But he, 
choosing rather to die gloriously than 
to live abominably, came of his own 
accord to the torment. And when he 
saw how that it behoved to come, 
bearing all things patiently, he was 
resolved not to taste, for the love of 
life, such things as are unlawful. But 
they that stood by, moved with cruel 
compassion, for the sake of the old 
friendship that they had with the man, 



took him aside and besought him that 
flesh might be brought such as was 
lawful for him to use, and to make as 
if he did eat of the flesh of the sacri 
fice commanded by the King, that in 
so doing he mig ht be delivered from 
death. So because of the old friend 
ship that they had with the man, they 
did him this kindness. 

First Responsory. 
The Lord open, &c., (p. 251.) 

Second Lesson. 

T3UT he began to consider the ex 
cellency that became his age 
and his ancient years, and the honour 
wherein from his birth he had con 
tinued even unto grey hairs, and the 
honesty of his conversation from a 
child, and he answered straightway 
according to the commandments of 
the holy Law given by God, that he 
willed rather to be sent to the grave. 
For it becometh not our age, said he, 
to dissemble, whereby many young 
persons might think that Eleazar, 
being fourscore years old and ten, 
were now gone to a strange religion ; 
and so they, through mine hypocrisy 
and [desire to live] in this corruptible 
life a little longer, should be deceived, 
and I get a stain to mine old age and 
make it abominable. For though for 
the present time I should be delivered 
from the punishment of men, yet 
should I not escape the hand of the 
Almighty, neither alive nor dead. 
Wherefore now, manfully changing 
this life, I will show myself such an 
one as mine age requireth ; and leave 
a notable example to such as be 
young, by willingly and courageously 
dying a seemly death for the most 
honourable and holy laws. And when 
he had said these words, immediately 
he was haled to death. 1 



He was lashed to death. 



VOL. IV. 



2 7 8 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



Second Responsory. 
The Lord hear, &c., (p. 252.) 

Third Lesson, (vii.) 

T T came to pass also that seven 
brethren with their mother were 
taken, and compelled by the King 
against the Law to taste swine s flesh, 
and were tormented with scourges and 
whips. But one of them, who was 
the first, said thus : What wouldest 
thou ask or learn of us ? We are 
ready to die, rather than to transgress 
the laws which God gave unto our 
fathers. Then the King, being in a 
rage, commanded pans and caldrons 
of brass to be made hot ; which 
forthwith being heated he commanded 
to cut out the tongue of him that 
spake first, and to tear off the skin 
of his head, and to cut off the ends 
of his hands and feet, the rest of his 
brethren and his mother looking on. 
Now, when he was thus maimed in 
all his members, he commanded him, 
being yet alive, to be brought to the fire 
and to be fried in the pan, and while 
he was a long while suffering therein, 
the remainder exhorted one another, 
with the mother, to die manfully. 

J^hird Responsory. 
Our enemies, &c., (p. 252.) 

SECOND NOCTURN. 

Fourth Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Ser 
mons of St Gregory of Nazianzus, 
[Patriarch of Constantinople.] (2oth. 
On the Maccabees.} 

T7LEAZAR was the first-fruits of 
those who suffered before the 
coining of Christ, even as Stephen 
was the first-fruits of those who 
suffered after that coming. He was 
a Priest and an Elder, grey in years, 
and grey also in wisdom. Once he 



had sacrificed and prayed for the 
people, but now the time came when 
he offered himself to God as a burnt 
sacrifice without blemish, a peace- 
offering for all the people, a blessed 
beginning in that struggle whereunto 
his words and his silence were alike 
their exhortation. He presented 
likewise the bodies of seven children, 
the offspring of his teaching, "a 
living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto 
God," (Rom. xii. I,) an oblation more 
glorious and more pure than any legal 
offering ; for to give the father credit 
of his children is most meet and right. 

Fourth Responsory. 
Be ye not afraid, &c., (p. 253.) 

Fifth Lesson. 

HTHERE stood the noble and high- 
minded lads, the gallant sons 
of a noble mother, the glorious cham 
pions of the truth, men to whom the 
epoch of Antiochus was an anachron 
ism, true disciples of the Law of 
Moses, straitest of the observers of 
the rites of their forefathers, in that 
seven-fold number which the Hebrews 
bless, and which is hallowed and 
worshipful through the reckoning of 
Sabbath, there they stood, with one 
longing, and one aim, looking to one 
road to life, even to receive death for 
God s sake, there they stood, bre 
thren in soul not less than in body, 
only covetous one of the other s death. 
O what a mystery ! They snatched 
at agony as at treasure, and perilled 
themselves for the teaching of the 
Law, with no more fear for what 
was before than regret for what was 
behind. Their dread was but one, 
even lest any should go uncrowned, 
lest brother should be unwillingly 
parted from brother, and be saved 
from the torment of the conflict to 
gain a disastrous victory. 



FIFTH WEEK OF OCTOBER. 



279 



Fifth Responsory. 

The heathen are assembled, &c., 
(A 253.) 

Sixth Lesson. 

HP HERE stood the brave and noble 
mother, burning with love of 
her children and of God, with her 
heart rent as few human hearts are 
riven. Her agony was not so much 
on account of the tortures which her 
children suffered, as from fear lest 
they should shrink therefrom. She 
yearned not more over those who 
left this life than she prayed that 
they who were left might join them ; 
her anxiety was for the living rather 
than for the dead. The living were 
still contending, the dead had safely 
left the field ; concerning the living- 
she was straitened in not knowing 
how God would receive them, the 
dead she knew that God had joined 
unto Himself. 

Sixth Responsory. 
Thine, O Lord, &c., (p. 254.) 

THIRD NOCTURN. 

Seventh Responsory. 
The sun shone, &c., (p. 254.) 

Eighth Responsory. 
One seraph cried, &c., (p. 216.) 



Second Day. 

MATTINS. 
First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Second 
Book of Maccabees (v i. 7.) 



CO when the first was dead after 
>r this manner, they brought the 
second to make him a mocking-stock ; 
and when they had pulled off the skin 
of his head with the hair, they asked 
him if he would eat before he were 
punished throughout every member 
of his body. But he answered in 
the language of his fathers, and said : 
No. Wherefore he also received the 
next torment in order, as the former 
did ; and when he was at the last 
gasp, he said : Thou indeed, thou 
devil, takest us out of this present 
life, but the King of the world shall 
raise us up, who have died for His 
laws, in the resurrection unto life 
everlasting. After him was the third 
made a mocking-stock, and when he 
was required he put out his tongue, 
(and that right soon,) and held forth 
his hands manfully, and said courage 
ously : These I had from heaven, but 
for the sake of God s laws I despise 
them, from Whom I wait to receive 
them again. Insomuch that the King, 
and they that were with him, mar 
velled at the young man s courage, 
for that he nothing regarded the 
pains. 

First Responsory. 
Judas said, &c., (p. 254.) 

Second Lesson. 

TVTOW, when this man was dead 
r^ also, they tormented and 
mangled the fourth in like manner. 
So, when he was ready to die, he 
said thus : It is good, being put to 
death by men, to look for hope from 
God, to be raised up again by Him ; 
as for thee, thou shalt have no re 
surrection to life. Afterward, they 
brought the fifth also and mangled 
him. Then looked he unto [the King] 
and said : Corruptible as thou art, 
thou hast power over men, and dost 



280 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



what thou wilt ; yet think not that 
our nation is forsaken of God. But 
abide awhile, and thou shalt behold 
His great power, how He will tor 
ment thee and thy seed. After him 
also they brought the sixth ; who, 
being ready to die, said : Be not 
deceived without cause ; for we suffer 
these things of ourselves, having 
sinned against our God, therefore 
marvellous things are done unto us ; 
but think not, thou that takest in 
hand to strive against God, that thou 
shalt escape unpunished 

Second Responsory, 

They decked the fore-front, c., 

(P- 2550 

Third Lesson. 

"DUT the mother was marvellous 
above all, and worthy of honour 
able memory, for, when she saw her 
seven sons slain within the space of 
one day, she bare it with a good 
courage, because of the hope that 
she had in God ; yea, she exhorted 
every one of them in the language 
of her fathers, filled with wisdom, 
and stirring up her womanish thoughts 
with a manly spirit, she said unto 
them : I cannot tell how ye came 
into my womb, for I neither gave 
you breath nor soul nor life, neither 
was it I that formed the members 
of any one of you ; but doubtless the 
Creator of the world, Who formed 
the generation of man, and found 
out the beginning of all things, will 
also of His own mercy give you 
breath and life again, as ye now 
regard not your own souls for His 
laws sake. 



Third Responsory. 

They praised the Lord, &c., (/. 

2550 



Third Day. 
MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Second 
Book of Maccabees (vii. 24.) 

1VTOW Antiochus, thinking himself 
to be despised, and suspecting 
it to be a reproachful speech, whilst 
the youngest was yet alive, did not 
only exhort him by words, but also 
assured him with an oath, that he 
would make him both a rich and a 
happy man, and that also he would 
take him for his friend, and trust him 
with affairs, if he would turn from the 
laws of his fathers. But when the 
young man would in no case hearken 
unto him, the King called his mother, 
and exhorted her that she would 
counsel the young man to save his 
life. And when he had exhorted her 
with many words, she promised him 
that she would counsel her son. But 
she, bowing herself toward him, laugh 
ing the cruel tyrant to scorn, said in 
the language of her fathers : O my 
son, have pity upon me, that bare 
thee nine months in my womb, and 
gave thee suck three years, and 
nourished thee, and brought thee up 
unto this age. 

First Responsory. 
This is a lover, &c., (p. 255.) 

Second Lesson. 

T BESEECH thee, my son, look 
upon the heaven and the earth, 
and all that is therein, and consider 
that God made them of things that 
were not, and so was mankind made 
likewise : so may it come that thou 
shalt fear not this tormentor, but be 
worthy of thy brethren ; take thy death, 



FIFTH WEEK OF OCTOBER. 



28l 



that I may receive thee again in mercy 
with thy brethren. Whilst she was 
yet speaking these words, the young- 
man said : Whom wait ye for ? I 
will not obey the King s command 
ment, but I will obey the command 
ment of the Law, that was given unto 
us by Moses. And thou, that hast 
been the author of all mischief against 
the Hebrews, shalt not escape the 
hand of God. For we suffer because 
of our sins. And though the Lord 
our God be angry with us a little 
while for our chastening and cor 
rection, yet shall He be at one again 
with His servants. 

Second Responsory. 
Thou, O Lord of all, &c., (p. 256.) 

Third Lesson. 

T3UT thou, O godless man, and of 
all others most wicked, be not 
lifted up with vain hopes, lifting up 
thine head against His servants. For 
thou hast not yet escaped the judg 
ment of Almighty God, Who seeth all 
things. For my brethren, who have 
suffered a short pain, are dead under 
the covenant of everlasting life ; but 
thou, through the judgment of God, 
shalt receive a just punishment for thy 
pride. But I, as my brethren, offer 
up my life and body for the laws of 
our fathers, beseeching God that He 
would speedily be merciful unto our 
nation, and that thou by torments and 
plagues mayest confess that He alone 
is God ; and that in me and my 
brethren the wrath of the Almighty, 
which is justly brought upon all our 
nation, may cease. Then the King, 
being in a rage, handled him worse 
than all the rest, taking it grievously 
that he was mocked. So this man 
died undefiled, and put his whole trust 
in the Lord. Last of all, after her 
sons, the mother was put to death. 



Third Responsory. 
Open Thine eyes, &c., (p. 256.) 



Fourth Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Second 
Book of Maccabees (viii. 10.) 

OO Nicanor undertook to make so 
much money of the captive Jews, 
as should defray the tribute of two 
thousand talents, which the King was 
to pay to the Romans ; wherefore im 
mediately he sent to the cities upon 
the sea-coast, proclaiming a sale of 
the captive Jews, and promising that 
they should have four score and ten 
bodies for one talent ; not expecting 
the vengeance that was to follow upon 
him from the Almighty. Now, when 
word was brought unto Judas, he im 
parted unto those Jews that were with 
him, that Nicanor was coming. And 
some of them were fearful, and dis 
trusted the justice of God, and fled ; 
others sold all that they had left, and 
withal besought the Lord to deliver 
them from the wicked Nicanor. 

First Respo?isory. 
The sun shone, &c., (p. 254.) 

Second Lesson. 

OO Maccabasus called his men toge- 
*? ther, unto the number of seven 
thousand, that were with him, and ex 
horted them not to yield to the enemy, 
nor to fear the great multitude of the 
enemy that came wrongfully against 
them, but to contend bravely, setting 
before their eyes the injury that these 
men had unjustly done to the holy 



282 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



place, and the cruel handling of the 
city, whereof they made a mockery, 
and also the taking away of the govern 
ment of their forefathers. "For they," 
said he, "trust in their arms and bold 
ness ; but our confidence is in the 
Almighty Lord, Who, at a beck, can 
cast down both them that come against 
us, and also all the world." More 
over, he recounted unto them what 
helps from God had been given unto 
their fore-fathers, and how under 
Sennacherib an hundred four score 
and five thousand perished. 

Second Responsory. 

They decked the fore- front, &c., (p. 

2550 

Third Lesson. 

HTHUS when he had made them 
bold with these words, and ready 
to die for their laws and their country, 
he divided his army into four parts, 
and appointed his brethren leaders of 
each band, to wit, Simon, and Joseph, 
and Jonathan, giving each one fifteen 
hundred men. Thereunto also, Esdras 
read unto them the holy book, and 
there was given unto them the watch 
word of "The help of God," and then, 
himself, leading the first band, joined 
battle with Nicanor. And by the 
help of the Almighty, they slew above 
nine thousand men, and wounded and 
maimed the most part of Nicanor s 
host, and so put them to flight. So 
they took the money of them that 
came to buy them, and pursued them 
on all hands ; but, lacking time, 
they returned ; for it was the day be 
fore the Sabbath, and therefore they 
would no longer pursue them. So 
when they had gathered their armour 
and spoils together, they occupied 
themselves about the Sabbath, yielding 
praise to the Lord, Who had delivered 
them that day, causing mercy to be 



gin to distil upon them. And after 
the Sabbath, they gave part of the 
spoils to the maimed, and orphans, 
and widows, and divided the residue 
among themselves and their servants. 



Third Responsory. 

They praised the Lord, &c., (p. 

2550 



Fifth Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Second 
Book of Maccabees (ix. i.) 

A BOUT that time came Antiochus 
with dishonour out of the country 
of Persia. For he had entered the 
city called Persepolis, and went about 
to rob the temple, and oppress the 
city ; whereupon the multitude running 
to arms, they were put to flight ; and 
so it happened that Antiochus, being 
put to flight, returned with shame. 
Now, when he came to Ecbatane, he 
heard news of what had happened to 
Nicanor and Timothy. Then swell 
ing with anger, he thought to avenge 
upon the Jews the disgrace done unto 
him by those that made him flee ; 
therefore commanded he that his 
chariot should be driven without ceas 
ing, to despatch the journey, the judg 
ment from heaven now following him ; 
for he had spoken proudly in this sort 
"that he would come to Jerusalem, 
and make it a common burying place 
of the Jews." 

First Responsory. 
The Lord open, &c., (p. 251.) 



FIFTH WEEK OF OCTOBER. 



283 



Second Lesson. 

T)UT the Lord God of Israel, Who 
^ seeth all, smote him with an in 
curable and invisible plague. For, as 
soon as he had spoken these words, a 
fearful pain of the bowels came upon 
him, and sore torments of the inner 
parts and that most justly, for he 
had tormented other men s bowels with 
many and strange torments. Howbeit, 
he nothing at all ceased from his spite. 
But still filled with pride, breathing- 
out fire in his rage against the Jews, 
and commanding to hasten the matter, 
it came to pass that he fell down from 
his chariot, carried violently, so that, 
having a sore fall, all the members of 
his body were much pained. 



Second Responsory. 
The Lord hear, c., (p. 252.) 

Third Lesson. 

AND thus, he that, a little afore, 
" thought that he might command 
the waves of the sea, (so proud was 
he beyond the condition of men,) and 
weigh the high mountains in a bal 
ance, was now cast on the ground, 
and carried in a litter, showing forth 
in his own person the manifest power 
of God ; so that the worms rose up 
out of the body of this wicked man, 
and, whiles he lived in torments, his 
flesh fell away, and the filthiness of 
his smell was noisome to all the 
army ; and the man that thought, a 
little afore, he could reach to the stars 
of heaven, no man could endure to 
carry, for his intolerable stink. 

Third Responsory. 

Our enemies are gathered, &c., (p. 

252.) 



Sixth Day. 
MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Second 
Book of Maccabees (x. i.) 

TVT OW Maccabaeus and his company, 
~$ the Lord keeping them, re 
covered the Temple and the city ; 
and the altars which the heathen 
had built in the open street, and 
also the chapels, he pulled down. 
And having cleansed the Temple, 
they made another Altar, and, strik 
ing stones, they took fire out of 
them, and offered sacrifices after two 
years, and set forth incense, and lights, 
and shew-bread. When that was done, 
they fell flat down upon the earth, 
and besought the Lord that they 
might come no more into such 
troubles ; but, if they sinned any 
more against Him, that He Himself 
would chasten them with mercy, and 
that they might not be delivered 
unto the barbarous and blasphemous 
nations. Now upon the same day 
that the strangers profaned the Tem 
ple, on the very same day it was 
cleansed again, even the five - and- 
twentieth day of the month which 
is called Casleu. 

First Responsory. 
Be ye not afraid, &c., (p. 253.) 



N 



Second Lesson. (24.) 

OW Timothy, whom the Jews had 
overcome before, when he had 
gathered a great multitude of foreign 
forces, and collected horsemen out of 
Asia, came as though he would take 
Jewry by force of arms. But when 



284 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



he drew near, Maccabreus and they 
that were with him prayed unto the 
Lord, and sprinkled earth upon their 
heads, and girded their loins with 
sack-cloth, and fell down at the foot 
of the Altar, and besought Him to 
be merciful to them, and to be an 
Enemy to their enemies, and an 
Adversary to their adversaries, as 
the Law declareth. So, after the 
prayer, they took their weapons, and 
went on farther from the city ; and 
when they drew near to their enemies, 
they stopped. 

Second Respo?isory. 

The heathen are assembled, &c., 

(P- 2530 



Third Lesson. 



N 



OW, the sun being newly risen, 
they joined both together, the 
one part having, together with their 
valour, their refuge also unto the 
Lord, for a pledge of their success 
and victory, the other side making 
their rage leader of their battle. But 
when the battle waxed strong, there 
appeared unto the enemies, from 
heaven, five comely men upon horses, 
with bridles of gold, leading the 
Jews ; and two of them took Macca- 
basus betwixt them, and covered him 
on every side with their weapons, 
and kept him safe, but shot arrows 
and lightnings against the enemies, 
so that, being confounded with blind 
ness, and full of trouble, they were 
killed. And there were slain of foot 
men twenty thousand and five hun 
dred, and six hundred horsemen. As 
for Timothy himself, he fled into a 
very strong hold, called Gazara, where 
Chereas was Governor. 

Third Responsory. 
Thine, O Lord, &c., (p. 254.) 



The Sabbath. 
MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Second 
Book of Maccabees (xv. 7.) 

"DUT Maccabaeus had ever sure con 
fidence that God would help him. 
Wherefore he exhorted his people not 
to fear the coming of the heathen 
against them, but to remember the 
help which in former times they had 
received from heaven, and now to 
expect the victory which should come 
unto them from the Almighty. And 
so comforting them out of the Law 
and the Prophets, and withal putting 
them in mind of the battles that 
they won afore, he made them 
more cheerful ; and when he had 
stirred up their minds, he showed 
them the falsehood of the heathen, 
and their breach of oaths. Thus he 
armed every one of them, not so 
much with defence of shields and 
spears, as with good and comfortable 
words, and, [beside that,] he told them 
a dream worthy to be believed, where 
by he rejoiced all of them. 

First Responsory. 
The sun shone, &c., (p. 254.) 

Second Lesson. 

/V ND this was his vision : That 
Onias, who had been High 
Priest, a virtuous and a good man, 
reverend in guise, gentle in conver 
sation, well - spoken also, and exer 
cised from a child in all points of 
virtue, holding up his hands, prayed 
for the whole body of the Jews. 
This done, in like manner there 
appeared an aged man and exceed 
ing glorious, and of a wonderful and 
excellent majesty about him. Then 



FIRST WEEK OF NOVEMBER. 



285 



Onias answered, saying : This is a 
lover of the brethren, and of the 
people of Israel ; this is one who 
prayeth much for the people, and 
for all the Holy City, to wit, Jere 
miah the Prophet of God. Where 
upon Jeremiah held forth his right 
hand and gave to Judas a sword of 
gold, and said : Take this holy sword, 
a gift from God, with the which 
thou shalt fell the adversaries of 
my people Israel. 

Second Responsory. 

They decked the fore-front, &c., (p. 

2550 

Third Lesson. 

"THUS being well comforted by the 
words of Judas, which were 
very good, and able to stir them 
up to valour, and to encourage the 
hearts of the young men, they de 
termined to set upon them, and 
manfully to try the matter by con 
flict, because the Holy City and the 
Temple were in danger. For the 
care they took for their wives and 
their children, their brethren and kins 
folks, was in least account with them, 
but the greatest and principal fear 
was for the holy Temple. Also, 
they that were in the city took not 



little care for them that were gone 
to the conflict. 

Third Responsory. 

They praised the Lord, c., (p. 

2550 



NOVEMBER. 



Jtrist Suntiag of 



The First Lord s Day of November. 

Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed 
Virgin, on the preceding Sattirday 
evening. I saw the Lord sitting upon 
a throne high and lifted up, * and the 
whole earth was full of His glory, and 
His train filled the Temple. 

Prayer of the ensuing Sunday. 

MATTINS. 

FIRST NOCTURN. 

First Lesson. 

Here beginneth the Book of the 
Prophet Ezekiel 1 (i. I.) 

A ND it came to pass in the thirtieth 
^^ year, in the fourth month, 2 in the 
fifth day of the month, as I was among 



1 He was, says St Jerome, a Priest who was carried captive to Babylon along with King 
Jehoiachim, and prophesied in Chaldsea at the same time that Jeremiah was prophesying in 
Judaea. The Martyrology (April 10) says that "he was slain at Babylon by the Judge of the 
Israelite people, because he rebuked him for idolatry, and was buried in the sepulchre of Sheni 
and Arphaxad, the forefathers of Abraham, whither many use to resort to pray." 

2 The year is supposed by Abp. Kenrick to be reckoned from the beginning of the reign of 
Nabopolassar, father of Nebuchadnezzar, but he mentions that St Jerome thinks the thirtieth 
year of the Prophet s life is meant. See also Lesson VI. this day. " It is believed to be the 
year 595 B.C." If the Jewish civil year is meant, January is about the date ; if the ecclesiastical, 
June. But if the year be of the Prophet s life, why not the month also? The Targum, how 
ever, is quite different, and very curious: "And it came to pass thirty years after that Hilkiah 
the High Priest had found the Book of the Law in the house of the sanctuary, in the court, 
under the porch, in the middle of the night, after the setting of the moon, in the days of Josiah 
the son of Amon, King of the tribe of the house of Judah, in the month of Tammuz, upon the 
fifth day of the month, the Prophet said : As I was among the captives by the river of Chebar, 
the heavens were opened, and I saw in a vision of prophecy which rested upon me, a vision of 
the glory of the majesty of the Eternal : in the fifth day of the month, which was the fifth year 
of King Jehoiachim s captivity : the word of prophecy from the presence of the Eternal came 
upon Ezekiel, the son of Buzi, the Priest, in the land of Israel. Again a second time spake He 
with him in a province of the land of the Chaldees, by the river Chebar, and the spirit -of 
prophecy from the presence of the Eternal rested there upon him. And I looked, and behold, 
&c. &c." ( Walton s Polyglott.) 

VOL. IV. K 2 



286 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



the captives by the river of Chebar, 1 
that the heavens were opened, and I 
saw visions of God. In the fifth day 
of the month, which was the fifth 
year of King Jehoiachim s captivity, 
the word of the LORD came unto 
Ezekiel, the son of Buzi, the Priest, 
in the land of the Chaldeans, by the 
river Chebar, and the hand of the 
LORD was there upon him. And I 
looked, and, behold, a whirlwind 
came out of the North, a great 
cloud, and a fire infolding itself, and 
a brightness was about it, and out 
of the midst thereof, (that is, out of 
the midst of the fire,) as the colour 
of amber. 2 

First Responsory. 

3 I saw the Lord sitting upon a 
throne high and lifted up, and the 
whole earth was full of His glory, and 
His train filled the Temple. 

Verse. Above it stood the Sera 
phim : each one had six wings. 

Answer. And His train filled the 
Temple. 

Second Lesson. 

A LSO in the midst thereof the like- 
^~~*~ ness of four living creatures ; 
and this was their appearance, they 
had the likeness of a man. And every 
one had four faces, and every one had 
four wings. Their feet were straight 
feet, and the sole of their feet was like 
the sole of a calfs foot, and they 
sparkled like the colour of glowing 
brass. And they had the hands of a 
man under their wings on their four 
sides, and they had faces and wings on 
four sides. And the wings of one were 
joined to the wings of another ; they 
turned not when they went ; they went 
every one straight forward. 



Second Responsory. 

Look down, O Lord, from the dwell 
ing-place of Thine holiness, and take 
thought for us. 4 O my God, incline 
Thine ear, and hear. Open Thine eyes, 
and behold our desolation. 

Verse. 5 Give ear, O Shepherd of 
Israel, Thou That leadest Joseph like 
a flock. 

Answer. Open Thine eyes, and 
behold our desolation. 

Third Lesson. 

A S for the likeness of their faces, 
"^^ they four had the face of a man 
and the face of a lion on the right 
side, and they four had the face of an 
ox on the left side, and they four had 
the face of an eagle above. Thus were 
their faces, and their wings were 
stretched upward, two wings of every 
one were joined one to another, and 
two covered their bodies ; and they 
went every one straight forward. 
Whither the spirit was to go, they 
went, and they turned not when they 
went. 

Third Responsory. 

6 Consider, O Lord, how that the 
city sitteth solitary that was full of 
riches ; how is she become as a 
widow, she that was g reat among the 
nations ; she hath none to comfort her, 
save Thee, O our God ! 

Verse. She weepeth sore in the 
night, and her tears are on her 
cheeks. 

Answer. She hath none to comfort 
her, save Thee, O our God ! 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, and 
to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost. 

Answer. She hath none to comfort 
her, save Thee, O our God ! 



1 "The Chaboras .... empties into the Euphrates a little above Thapsacus." 

2 So Abp. Kenrick, who adds, "Some take it to mean golden ore." LXX. and Vulgate, 
electrum, by which Gesenius understands them to mean, as he also understands the Hebrew, 
a polished metal. Cf. Apoc. i. 15. 

3 Isa. vi. i, 2. 4 Dan. ix. 18. 5 Ps. Ixxix. 2. 6 Lam. i. i, 2. 



FIRST WEEK OF NOVEMBER. 



28 7 



SECOND NOCTURN. 
Fourth Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Exposi 
tion of the Prophet Ezekiel written 
by Pope St Gregory [the Great.] 
(Bk. i. Horn. 2.) 

T T is the use of the Prophetic writers 
first to give name, date, and place, 
and then to begin to unfold the mys 
teries of the prophecy ; thus, to give 
certainty of trustworthiness, a founda 
tion is laid before, and afterward the 
fruits of the Spirit are set forth by 
signs and in figures. Thus Ezekiel 
saith concerning the date: "And it 
came to pass in the thirtieth year, in 
the fourth month, in the fifth day of 
the month." And to show the place, 
he addeth further : "As I was among 
the captives by the river of Chebar, 
the heavens were opened, and I saw 
visions of God." Then he defineth the 
time even more exactly, saying : " In 
the fifth day of the month, which was 
the fifth year of King Jehoiachim s 
captivity." And he who had thus 
clearly indicated his individuality, goeth 
on farther to state his kin, saying : 
"The word of the LORD came unto 
Ezekiel, the son of Buzi, the Priest." 

Fourth Responsory. 

1 I have set watchmen upon thy 
walls, O Jerusalem, which shall never 
hold their peace day nor night, to praise 
the name of the Lord. 

Verse. They shall proclaim My 
might unto the nations, and declare 
My glory unto the Gentiles. 

Answer. Which shall never hold 
their peace day nor night, to praise the 
name of the Lord. 

Fifth Lesson. 

TI) UT the first question which meeteth 

us is, Wherefore doth the Prophet, 

having hitherto said nothing, begin 

i Isa. Ixii. 6. 



with the words : " And\\. came to pass 
in the thirtieth year ? " Now, this 
word "And" is a conjunction, and we 
know that it is so called because it 
conjoineth that which cometh after it 
with that which goeth before it. 
Wherefore, then, doth he who hath 
hitherto been silent, commence by 
" And" when there is nothing going 
before for the conjunction to join to that 
which cometh after ? To explain this, 
we must consider that our senses per 
ceive only things bodily, while those of 
Prophets perceive also things ghostly, 
and to them things exist which to our 
ignorance seem not to do so. Hence 
it cometh that in the mind of a 
Prophet, things outer and things inner 
are so joined that he seeth both 
together, and the word which he 
heareth within him and that which he 
uttereth come together. 

Fifth Responsory. 

Hedge us about with Thy wall that 
cannot be broken down, O Lord, and 
shield us continually with the arms of 
Thy might. O Lord God of Israel, 
deliver them that cry unto Thee. 

Verse. 2 Deliver us also according 
to Thy marvellous works, and give 
glory to Thy Name. 

Answer. O Lord God of Israel, 
deliver them that cry unto Thee. 

Sixth Lesson. 

T T appeareth plainly, therefore, that 
he which had hitherto been silent, 
beginneth by the words, "And it 
came to pass in the thirtieth year," 
because his first utterance was but the 
continuation of something to which he 
had already been listening in his own 
mind. The words which he spoke 
were merely a continuation of the 
vision already going on within, and 
therefore the first are, "And it came 

2 Dan. iii. 43. 



288 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



to pass." His language is framed as 
though his inner revelation had been an 
open one. That it was in the thirtieth 
year l that the word of the Lord came 
unto Ezekiel, causeth us to remark that 
in the ordinary use of human under 
standing, men receive not a call to 
teach until they be of full age. Hence 
also even the Lord Himself, when He 
sat in the Temple in the midst of the 
doctors, in the twelfth year of His age, 
was pleased to be found, not teaching, 
but hearing them and asking them 
questions. (Luke ii. 46.) 

Sixth Responsory. 

2 We looked for peace, and it came 
not ; we asked for good, and behold 
trouble. We acknowledge, O LORD, 
our wickedness. 3 Forget us not for 
ever. 

Verse. 4 O Lord [our God] we have 
sinned, we have done ungodly, we 
have dealt unrighteously in all Thine 
ordinances. 

Answer. Forget us not for ever. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, and 
to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost. 

Answer. Forget us not for ever. 

THIRD NOCTURN. 

Seventh Responsory. 

Blessed is the people whom the 
Lord of hosts hath blessed, saying : O 
Israel ! thou art the work of Mine own 
hands, thou art Mine own inheritance. 

Verse. 5 Blessed is the nation whose 
God is the LORD, and the people whom 
He hath chosen for His own inherit 
ance. 

Answer. Whom the Lord of hosts 
hath blessed, saying : O Israel ! thou 
art the work of Mine own hands, thou 
art Mine own inheritance. 



Eighth Responsory. 
One Seraph cried, &c., (p. 216.) 



Second Day. 
MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book of 
the Prophet Ezekiel (ii. 2.) 

A ND I heard Him That spake unto 
^ me. And He said unto me : 
Son of man, I send thee to the child 
ren of Israel, to a rebellious nation, 
that hath rebelled against Me. They 
and their fathers have broken My 
covenant even unto this very day. 
And they are impudent children, and 
stiff-hearted, unto whom I do send 
thee, and thou shalt say unto them : 
Thus saith the Lord GOD : 6 and they, 
whether they will hear, or whether 
they will forbear, (for they are a 
rebellious house,) yet shall know that 
there hath been a Prophet among 
them. 

First Responsory. 

7 He hath redeemed His people, and 
ransomed them ; therefore they shall 
come and sing in the height of Zion, 
and shall rejoice in the goodness of the 
LORD, for wheat, and for wine, and for 
oil ; 8 and they shall hunger no more. 

Verse. And their soul shall be as a 
watered garden. 

Answer. And they shall hunger no 
more. 

Second Lesson. 

AND thou, son of man, be not 
^ afraid of them, neither be afraid 
of their words, though unbelievers and 



1 St Gregory apparently takes for granted that the thirtieth year of the Prophet s life is mean-t. 
- Jer. viii. 15. 3 Cf. Lam. v. 20. 4 Baruch ii. 12. 5 Ps. xxxii. 12. 

6 The Name. 7 Jer. xxxi. n, 12. 



8 Apoc. vii. 16. 



FIRST WEEK OF NOVEMBER. 



289 



rebels be with thee, and thou dost 
dwell among scorpions. Be not afraid 
of their words, nor be dismayed at 
their looks, for it is a rebellious house. 
And thou shalt speak My words unto 
them, whether they will hear or 
whether they will forbear ; for they 
are most rebellious. 

Second Responsory. 

1 I am straitened on every side, and 
know not what to choose. It is better 
for me to fall into the hands of men, 
than to sin against the law of my God. 

Verse. For if I do this thing, it is 
death unto me : and if I do it not, I 
cannot escape your hands. 

Answer. It is better for me to fall 
into the hands of men, than to sin 
against the law of my God. 

Third Lesson. 

T)UT thou, son of man, hear what I 
say unto thee, and be not thou 
rebellious, like that rebellious house ; 
open thy mouth, and eat that I give 
thee. And I looked, and, behold, an 
hand was sent unto me, and therein 
was a roll of a book ; and he spread 
it before me. And it was written 
within and without, and there was 
written therein lamentations, and 
mourning, and woe. 

Third Responsory. 

2 |The Lord hath sent His angel, and 
hath shut the lions mouths, that they 
have not hurt me ; forasmuch as before 
Him innocency was found in me. 

Verse. 3 God hath sent forth His 
mercy and His truth, [and delivered] 
my soul from among the lions whelps. 

Answer. They have not hurt me ; 
forasmuch as before Him innocency 
was found in me. 



Verse. Glory be to the Father, and 
to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost. 

Answer. They have not hurt me ; 
forasmuch as before Him innocency 
was found in me. 



Third Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book of 
the Prophet Ezekiel (iii. i.) 

TV/T OREOVER, He said unto me : 
^* Son of man, eat that thou find- 
est ; eat this roll, and go speak unto 
the children of Israel. So I opened 
my mouth, and He caused me to eat 
that roll. And He said unto me : Son 
of man, let thy belly eat, and thy 
bowels be filled with this roll that I 
give thee. Then did I eat it ; and it 
was in my mouth as honey, for sweet 
ness. And He said unto me : Son of 
man, get thee unto the house of Israel, 
and speak with My words unto them. 

First Responsory. 

Before the face of Thine anger, O 
God, the whole earth is troubled ; but 
Thou, O Lord, have mercy, and make 
not an end utterly. 

Verse. 4 O LORD our Ruler, how 
excellent is Thy Name in all the 
earth ! 

Answer. But Thou, O Lord, have 
mercy, and make not an end utterly. 

Second Lesson. 

17 OR thou art not sent to a people 
-*- of an hard speech and of a 
strange language, but to the house of 
Israel ; not to many people of an hard 



1 Dan. xiii. 22, 23. 



- Dan. vi. 22. 



3 Ps. Ivi. 4, 5. 



4 Ps. viii. 2. 



290 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



speech and of a strange language, 
whose words thou canst not under 
stand : surely, if thou hadst been sent 
unto them, they would have hearkened 
unto thee. But the house of Israel 
will not hearken unto thee, for they 
will not hearken unto Me. For all 
the house of Israel are impudent and 
hard-hearted. Behold, I have made 
thy face strong against their faces, and 
thy forehead strong against their 
foreheads. As an adamant, and as a 
flint have I made thy countenance ; 
fear them not, neither be dismayed 
at their looks, for they are a rebellious 
house. 

Second Responsory. 

Fence Thou this city, O Lord, and 
let Thine angels keep the walls thereof. 

Lord, hearken unto Thy people with 
mercy. 

Verse. O Lord, let Thine anger 
be turned away from Thy people, and 
from Thine holy city. 

Answer. O Lord, hearken unto 
Thy people with mercy. 

Third Lesson. 

TV/TOREOVER, He said unto me: 
Son of man, all my words that 

1 shall speak unto thee, receive in 
thine heart and hear with thine ears. 
And, go get thee to them of the 
captivity, unto the children of thy 
people, and speak unto them, and tell 
them : Thus saith the Lord GOD : l 
whether they will hear, or whether 
they will forbear. Then the spirit 
took me up, and I heard behind me 
the voice of great rushing, [saying :] 
Blessed be the glory of the LORD from 
His place ! also the noise of the wings 
of the living creatures that touched 
one another, and the noise of the 
wheels following the living creatures, 
and the noise of a great rushing. 



Third Responsory. 

O Lord God! have mercy upon 2 the 
sinful nation, upon the people laden 
with iniquity. 

Verse. Let it repent Thee concern 
ing the transgression of Thy people. 

Answer. The people laden with 
iniquity. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer. The people laden with 
iniquity. 



Fourth Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book of 
the Prophet Ezekiel (vii. i.) 

TV/rOREOVER, the word of the 
^ LORD came unto me, saying : 

Also thou, son of man, thus saith the 
Lord GOD l unto the land of Israel : 
An end, the end, is come upon the 
four quarters of the land. Now is the 
end come upon thee, and I will send 
Mine anger upon thee, and will judge 
thee according to thy ways, and will 
bring upon thee all thine abom 
inations. And Mine eye shall not 
spare thee, neither will I have pity ; 
but I will bring thy ways upon 
thee, and thine abominations shall be 
in the midst of thee ; and ye shall 
know that I am the LORD. 

First Responsory. 

3 I will show thee, O man, what is 
good, and what doth the LORD re 
quire of thee, but to do justice and 
judgment, and to walk humbly with 
thy God? 



The Name. 



2 Cf. Isa. i. 4. 



3 Micah vi. 8. 



FIRST WEEK OF NOVEMBER. 



291 



Verse. l Trust in the LORD, and 
do good, and dwell in the land. 

Answer. Do justice and judgment, 
and walk humbly with thy God. 

Second Lesson. 

pHUS saith the Lord GOD : 2 An 
evil, an only evil, behold, is 
come. An end is come, the end is 
come. It awaketh against thee. Be 
hold, it is come. The ruin is come 
unto thee, O thou that dwellest in the 
land ! The time is come, the day of 
slaughter is near, and not the joyful 
songs of the mountains. 3 Now will I 
shortly pour forth My fury upon thee, 
and accomplish Mine anger upon 
thee ; and I will judge thee accord 
ing to thy ways, and will recompense 
thee for all thine abominations. And 
Mine eye shall not spare, neither 
will I have pity, but I will judge 
thee according to thy ways, and thine 
abominations shall be in the midst of 
thee. And ye shall know that I am 
the LORD, That smiteth. 

Second Responsory. 
I am straitened, &c., (p. 289.) 

Third Lesson. 

"DEHOLD, the day, behold, it is 
come ! The ruin is gone forth. 
The rod hath blossomed. Pride hath 
budded. Violence is risen up into a 
rod of wickedness. None of them 
shall remain ; none of their people ; 
not a sound of them ; and there shall 
be no rest for them. The time is 
come ; the day draweth near. Let 
not the buyer rejoice, nor the seller 
mourn ; for wrath is upon all the mul 
titude thereof. For the seller shall 



not return to that which he hath sold, 
although they were yet alive. 

Third Responsory. 
The Lord hath sent, &c., (p. 289.) 



Fifth Day. 
MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book 
of the Prophet Ezekiel (xiii. I.) 

AND the word of the LORD came 
"^7" unto me, saying : Son of man, 
prophesy against the prophets of Is 
rael, that prophesy ; and say thou unto 
them that prophesy out of their own 
hearts : Hear ye the word of the 
LORD : thus saith the Lord GOD : 2 
Woe unto the foolish prophets, that 
follow their own spirit, and have seen 
nothing. O Israel ! thy prophets are 
like the foxes in the deserts. Ye 
have not gone up into the breach, 4 
neither made up the wall for the house 
of Israel, to stand in the battle in the 
day of the LORD. They see vanity, 
and they divine lies, saying : The LORD 
saith : when the LORD hath not sent 
them : and they [have made others to] 
hope that they would confirm the 
word. 

First Responsory. 

I saw the Lord, &c., (p. 286.) 

Second Lesson. 

T T AVE ye not seen a vain vision ? 

And have ye not spoken a 

lying divination ? Whereas ye say : 



1 Ps. xxxvi. 3. 2 The Name. 

3 I.e., a very different state of things to the mountains ringing with joyful songs of the 
vintage, &c. 

4 So the Hebrew. Lat. lit., "gone up to face" i.e., the besiegers. 



292 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



The LORD saith it : albeit I have 
not spoken. Therefore, thus saith 
the Lord GOD : l Because ye have 
spoken vanity, and seen lies, there 
fore, behold, I am against you, saith 
the Lord Goo. 1 And Mine hand 
shall be upon the prophets that see 
vanity, and that divine lies ; they 
shall not be in the assembly of My 
people, neither shall they be written 
in the writing of the house of Israel, 
neither shall they enter into the land 
of Israel. And ye shall know that I 
am the Lord GOD. 1 Even because 
they have seduced My people, saying : 
Peace : and there was no peace 
and one built up a wall, and, 
lo, others daubed it with untempered 
mortar 

Second Responsory. 
Look down, O Lord, c., (p. 286.) 

Third Lesson. 

CAY unto them which daub it with 
untempered mortar, that it shall 
fall. There shall be an overflowing 
shower, and I will cause great hail 
stones to fall, and a stormy wind to 
rend it. Lo, when the wall is fallen, 
shall it not be said unto you, Where 
is the daubing wherewith ye daubed 
it ? Therefore thus saith the Lord 
GOD : l I will even rend it with a 
stormy wind in My fury, and there 
shall be an overflowing shower in 
Mine anger, and great hailstones in 
My wrath, to consume it. So will I 
break down the wall that ye have 
daubed with untempered mortar. 

Third Responsory. 
Consider, O Lord, &c., (p. 286.) 



Sixth Day. 
MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book 
of the Prophet Ezekiel (xv. i.) 

AND the word of the LORD came 
unto me, saying : Son of man, 
what is the vine-tree more than any 
other tree of the wood, which is 
among the trees of the forest ? Shall 
wood be taken thereof, to do any 
work ? Or will men take a pin of it, 
to hang any vessel thereon ? Behold, 
it is cast into the fire for fuel ; the fire 
devoureth both the ends of it, and the 
midst of it is burned into ashes. Is it 
meet for any work? Behold, when 
it was whole, it was meet for no work 
how much less shall it be meet yet 
for any work, when the fire hath de 
voured and burnt it up ? 

First Responsory. 
I have set watchmen, &c., (p. 287.) 

Second Lesson. 

THEREFORE, thus saith the Lord 
GOD : l As the vine-tree among 
the trees of the forest, which I have 
given to the fire for fuel, so will I give 
the inhabitants of Jerusalem. And I 
will set My face against them : they 
shall go out from one fire, and another 
fire shall devour them. And ye shall 
know that I am the LORD, when I set 
My face against them, and I will 
make the land pathless and desolate, 
because they have still gone on stub 
bornly in their transgression, saith the 
Lord GOD. 1 



1 The Name. 



FIRST WEEK OF NOVEMBER. 



293 



Second Responsory. 
Hedge us about, &c., (p. 287.) 

Third Lesson, (xvi. ) 

A GAIN the word of the LORD came 
unto me saying : Son of man, 
cause Jerusalem to know her abom 
inations, and say : Thus saith the 
Lord GOD l unto Jerusalem : Thy root, 
and thine up-growing are of the land 
of Canaan ; thy father was an Amor- 
ite, and thy mother an Hittite. And, 
as for thy nativity, in the day thou 
wast born thy navel was not cut, 
neither wast thou washed in water to 
better thee, nor salted at all, nor 
swaddled at all. None eye pitied 
thee, to do any of these unto thee, to 
have compassion upon thee ; but thou 
was cast out in the open field, to the 
loathing of thy person, in the day that 
thou wast born. 

Third Responsory. 
We looked for peace, &c., (p. 288.) 



The Sabbath. 
MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book 
of the Prophet Ezekiel (xix. i.) 

JYJOREOVER, take thou up a 

lamentation for the princes of 

Israel, and say: Why did thy mother 

the lioness 2 lie down among lions, 



and nourish her whelps among young- 
lions ? And she brought up one of 
her whelps ; 3 and it became a lion ; 
and it learnt to catch the prey, and 
to devour men. The nations also 
heard of him, and took him, at the 
cost of their own wounding, and 
brought him with chains into the 
land of Egypt. And when she saw 
that she was waxen feeble, and that 
her hope was lost, then she took 
another of her whelps, 4 and made 
him a lion. And he went up and 
down among the lions, and he be 
came a lion, and learned to catch 
the prey, and to devour men ; he 
learnt how to make widows, and to 
lay w r aste their cities ; and the land 
was desolate, and the fulness thereof, 
by the noise of his roaring. 

First Responsory. 

Blessed is the people, &c., (p. 
288.) 

Second Lesson. 

"PHEN the nations set against him 
on every side from the provinces, 
and spread their net over him, and 
with their wounding he was taken. 
And they put him into a cage, and 
brought him in chains to the King 
of Babylon ; and they cast him into 
an hold, that his voice should no 
more be heard upon the mountains 
of Israel. 

Thy mother was like a vine in thy 
blood, 5 planted by the waters ; she 
was fruitful and full of branches by 
reason of many waters. And she 
had strong rods, for the sceptres of 



1 The Name. 

2 Jerusalem, giving birth to her Royal Princes, in the midst of the neighbouring princes. 
(Abp. Kenrick.) 

3 Jehoahaz. (Third Lesson. Wednesday in Eleventh Week after Pentecost, see vol. iii. 
P- 33 1 -) 

4 "Jehoahaz dying in Egypt, the hope of maintaining the kingdom seemed to vanish. . . . 
Jehoiakim, when twenty-five years of age, was put upon the throne." (Thursday, Eleventh 
Week after Pentecost, see vol. iii. p. 331.) 

5 " The juice of the vine is thought to be meant." 



294 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



them that bare rule, and her stature 
was exalted among the thick branches, 
and she appeared in her height, with 
the multitude of her branches. 

Second Responsory. 
I am straitened, &c., (p. 289.) 

Third Lesson. 

"DUT she was plucked up in fury, 
she was cast down to the 
ground, and the hot wind dried up 
her fruit ; her strong rods were 
broken and withered ; the fire con 
sumed her. And now she is planted 
in the wilderness, in a pathless and 
thirsty land. And fire is gone out 
of a rod 1 of her branches, which 
hath devoured her fruit ; so that she 
hath no strong rod, to be a sceptre 
to rule. This is a lamentation and 
shall be for a lamentation. 

Third Responsory. 
The Lord hath sent, &c., (p. 289.) 

If November have only four weeks, 
then the following Week is the one 
omitted, the Third, Fourth, and Fifth 
taking the place of the Second, Third, 
and Fourth. In this case, therefore, 
the Antiphon at the Song of the 
Blessed Virgin on the Saturday even 
ing before the Third Sunday would be 
"Hedge us about, &c.," (p. 287.) 



of riches ; she doth sit sorrowful that 
was great among the nations ; she 
hath none to comfort her, save Thee, 
O our God ! 

Prayer of the ensuing Sunday. 



MATTINS. 
FIRST NOCTURN. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book 
of the Prophet Ezekiel (xxi. i.) 

A ND the word of the LORD came 
^^ unto me, saying : Son of man, 
set thy face toward Jerusalem, and 
drop thy word toward the Holy 
Places, and prophesy against the 
land of Israel. And say to the land 
of Israel : Thus saith the LORD : 
Behold, I am against thee, and will 
draw forth My sword out of his 
sheath, and will cut off from thee 
the righteous and the wicked. See 
ing then that I cut off from thee 
the righteous and the wicked, there 
fore shall My sword go forth out of 
his sheath against all flesh, from 
the South to the North, that all 
flesh may know that I, the LORD, 
have drawn forth My sword out of 
his sheath, not to return any more. 

First Responsory. 
I saw the Lord, &c., (p. 286.) 



Seconti SuntJag of 

The Second Lord s Day of November. 

Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed 
Virgin on the preceding Saturday. 
Consider, O Lord, how that the city 
is become desolate * that was full 



Second Lesson. 

CIGH therefore, thou son of man, 
^ with the breaking of thy loins, 2 
and with bitterness sigh before their 
eyes. And it shall be, when they 
say unto thee, Wherefore sighest 
thou ? that thou shalt answer : For 



1 "The faithlessness of Zedekiah provoked the entire overthrow of the Royal power. 

2 As with the agony of a woman in child-bed. So Abp. Kenrick. 



SECOND WEEK OF NOVEMBER. 



295 



the tidings ; because it conieth, and 
every heart shall melt, and all hands 
shall be feeble, and every spirit shall 
faint, and all knees shall be weak as 
water Behold, it cometh, and shall 
be brought to pass, saith the Lord 
Goo. 1 Again, the word of the LORD 
came unto me, saying : Son of man, 
prophesy and say : Thus saith the 
LORD God : Say A sword, a sword 
is sharpened, and furbished. It is 
sharpened, to slaughter the victims ; 
it is furbished, that it may glitter. 
Thou, that removest the sceptre of 
My son, hast cut down every tree. 2 
And I have given it 3 to be furbished, 
that it may be handled. This sword 
is sharpened, and it is furbished, to 
give it into the hand of the slayer. 

/ Second Responsory. 
Look down, O Lord, &c., (p. 286.) 

Third Lesson. 

/^RY and howl, son of man, for it 3 
^ shall be upon My people, it 
shall be upon all the Princes of 
Israel, that are fled. They are de 
livered up to the sword, with My 
people : smite therefore upon thy 
thigh. For it is tried, even to the 
overthrowing of the sceptre, so that 
it shall be no more, 4 saith the Lord 
Goo. 1 Thou, therefore, son of man, 
prophesy, and smite thine hands to 



gether, and let the sword be doubled, 
and let the sword of the slain be 
tripled. This is the sword of the 
great slaughter, that maketh them 
stand amazed, and faint in heart, 
and that multiplieth ruins. 

Third Responsory. 
Consider, O Lord, &c., (p. 286.) 

SECOND NOCTURN. 
Fourth Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Exposi 
tion of the Prophet Ezekiel, written 
by St Jerome, Priest [at Bethlehem.] 
(Bk. vii. on Ez. xxi.) 

T N the foregoing chapter it is written : 
" Son of man, set thy face to 
ward the way of Theman, and drop 
thy word toward Darom, and prophesy 
against the forest of the field of Nageb. 5 
And say to the forest of Nageb : Hear 
the word of the LORD : Thus saith the 
Lord GOD : Behold, I will kindle a 
fire in thee, and it shall devour every 
green tree in thee, and every dry 
tree : the flaming flame shall not be 
quenched, and all faces from Negab 
to Tsaphon shall be burned therein. 
And all flesh shall see that I the LORD 
have kindled it : it shall not be 
quenched. Then said I : Ah, Lord 
GOD ! they say of me, Doth he not 



1 The Name. 

2 St Jerome : "Thou, O sword, that removest the sceptre," &c. Targum : " It is drawn out 
of the scabbard to make a bloody slaughter, it is sharpened to take revenge, for this, that the 
tribes of the house of Judah and of Benjamin were glad at the tribes of Israel, when they were 
removed for having served idols ; and they themselves have gone back to stray after wooden 
dolls." LXX. "Sword! sword! be sharp and angry, to slaughter a slaughter; be sharp to 
glitter, ready to destroy ; slaughter ! ruin ! cut down every tree ! " (Walton s Polyglott.) 

3 The sword. 

4 The sense of the Latin seems to be that the sword has been tried upon Judah as an instru 
ment of chastisement and possible reformation, with a sternness which spared not even to 
destroy her Royal dignity for ever. 

5 The three foregoing Hebrew names are preserved by St Jerome in the text. In his version 
of Ezekiel he translates them respectively, "the south," "the south-wind," and the "south 
field." So also the Vulgate. In the above translation the quotation is amplified, to clear the 
sense, which, as the actual text of the Breviary stands, is excessively obscure. Tsaphon means 
the north. 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



speak parables?" (xx. 46-49.) But 
now, as the people asked for some 
thing clearer, the Lord doth speak 
more openly that which He had 
uttered in what is diversely called 
metaphor, parable, or proverb : He 
showeth how that the forest of the 
field of Nageb, and Darom, and 
Theman, are figures of Jerusalem, and 
the Temple, and the Holy-of-Holies, 
and of all the land of Judah, and 
that by the flaming fire which should 
devour the forest, was to be understood 
that sword, which should be drawn 
out of the sheath, and should cut off 
from the land of Israel the righteous 
and the wicked. The righteous and 
the wicked are figured by the green 
tree and the dry tree. Whence also 
the Lord saith : " If they do these 
things in a green tree, what shall be 
done in a dry?" (Luke xxiii. 31.) 



Fourth Responsory. 
I have set watchmen, c., (p. 287.) 

Fifth Lesson. 

"THE first time He had said: "Set 
thy face toward the South, and 
drop thy word toward the South wind, 
and prophesy against the forest of the 
South." But forasmuch as this seemed 
dark, and the people knew not what 
the Prophet said, it is a second time 
stated more clearly that the forest of 
the South is Jerusalem ; and all its 
unfruitful trees, unto whose roots the 
axe is being laid, are to be understood 
as figures of her inhabitants ; and the 
fire to be kindled in it, to be inter 
preted the sword. A third time 1 is 
the Prophet commanded that when 
they should hold their peace, nor ask 
wherefore he prophesied thus, he 
should do that by which he should 



be questioned, and should answer that 
which the Lord had spoken. 

Fifth Responsory. 
Hedge us about, &c., (p. 287.) 

Sixth Lesson. 

" C IGH thou," He saith, " cry aloud, 
not softly nor only half sorrow 
fully, but with the breaking of thy 
loins, that thy groaning may come 
from the depth of thy bowels and from 
the bitterness of thy soul. And this 
shalt thou do before them. And when 
they shall ask thee wherefore thou art 
afflicted with such lamentation, and 
what evil hath befallen thee that thou 
groanest thus, thou shalt answer them 
with My w r ord, saying : I lament, and 
am not able to hide the grief of mine 
heart, because that that which hath 
ever sounded in mine ears will indeed 
be fulfilled, and cometh, even the host 
of the wrathful Babylonians which 
threateneth you ; and when it shall 
have come, and shall have made 
trenches all round about Jerusalem, 
then every heart shall melt, and all 
hands shall be feeble, and horror shall 
take hold of the minds of men, and 
none shall dare to withstand." 

Sixth Responsory. 
We looked for peace, &c., (p. 288.) 

THIRD NOCTURN. 

Seventh Responsory. 
Blessed is the people, &c., (p. 288.) 

Eighth Responsory. 
One Seraph cried, c, (p. 216.) 



1 Allusion perhaps to xxxvii. 15 et seq. 



SECOND WEEK OF NOVEMBER. 



297 



Second Day. 

MATTINS. 
First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book of 
the Prophet Ezekiel (xxxiii. I.) 

A GAIN, the word of the LORD came 
unto me, saying : Son of man, 
speak to the children of thy people, 
and say unto them : When I bring the 
sword upon a land, if the people of 
the land take a man of their coasts, 
and set him for their watchman, if, 
when he seeth the sword come upon 
the land, he blow the trumpet and 
warn the people, then, whosoever 
heareth the sound of the trumpet, and 
taketh not warning, if the sword come 
and take him away, his blood shall be 
upon his own head. He heard the 
sound of the trumpet, and took not 
warning ; his blood shall be upon him. 
But he that taketh warning shall de 
liver his soul. 



First Responsory. 
He hath redeemed, c., (p. 288.) 

Second Lesson. 

T)UT if the watchman see the sword 
come, and blow not the trumpet, 
and the people be not warned if the 
sword come, and take any person from 
among them, he is taken away in his 
iniquity, but his blood will I require 
at the watchman s hand. So, thou, O 
son of man, I have set thee a watch 
man unto the house of Israel ; there 
fore thou shalt hear the word at My 
mouth, and warn them from Me. 
When I say unto the wicked : O 
wicked man, thou shalt surely die ! 
if thou dost not speak to warn the 



wicked from his way, that wicked man 
shall die in his iniquity, but his blood 
will I require at thine hand. 

Second Responsory. 
I am straitened, &c., (p. 289.) 

Third Lesson. 

TVJEVERTHELESS, if thou warn 
the wicked from his way, to turn 
from it, if he do not turn from his 
way, he shall die in his iniquity, but 
thou hast delivered thy soul. There 
fore, O thou son of man, speak unto 
the house of Israel : Thus ye speak, 
saying : If our transgressions and our 
sins be upon us, and we pine away in 
them, how should we then live ? Say 
unto them : As I live, saith the Lord 
GOD, 1 I have no pleasure in the death 
of the wicked, but that the wicked 
turn from his way and live. Turn ye, 
turn ye from your evil ways ! for why 
will ye die, O house of Israel ? 

Third Responsory. 
The Lord hath sent, c., (p. 289.) 



Third Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book of 
the Prophet Ezekiel (xxxiv. i.) 

A ND the word of the LORD came 
^^ unto me, saying : Son of man, 
prophesy against the shepherds of 
Israel, prophesy, and say unto the 
shepherds : Thus saith the Lord GOD : l 
Woe be to the shepherds of Israel, 
that do feed themselves ; should not 
the shepherds feed the flocks ? Ye 



The Name. 



298 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



eat the milk, and ye clothe you with 
the wool, ye kill them that are fat, 
but ye feed not the flock. The 
diseased have ye not strengthened, 
neither have ye healed that which was 
sick, neither have ye bound up that 
which was broken, neither have ye 
brought again that which was driven 
away, neither have ye sought that 
which was lost, but with force and 
with cruelty have ye ruled them. 

First Responsory. 
Before the face, &c., (p. 289.) 



their hand, and cause them to cease 
from feeding the flock, neither shall 
the shepherds feed themselves any 
more ; and I will deliver My flock 
from their mouth, that they may not 
be meat for them any more. For 
thus saith the Lord GOD : l Behold, 
I, even I, will both search My sheep, 
and seek them out. As a shepherd 
seeketh out his flock, in the day that 
he is among his sheep that are 
scattered, so will I seek out My 
sheep, and will deliver them out of all 
places, where they have been scattered 
in the cloudy and dark day. 



Second Lesson. 

A ND My sheep were scattered, be- 
^^ cause there was no shepherd, 
and they became meat to all the 
beasts of the field, when they were 
scattered. My sheep wandered 
through all the mountains, and upon 
every high hill ; yea, My flock was 
scattered upon all the face of the 
earth, and none did search, none, I 
say, did search after them. There 
fore, ye shepherds, hear the word of 
the LORD : As I live, saith the Lord 
GOD, 1 surely because My flock became 
a prey, and My sheep meat to every 
beast of the field, because there was 
no shepherd, neither did My shepherds 
search for My flock, but the shepherds 
fed themselves, and fed not My flock 
therefore, ye shepherds, hear the 
word of the LORD : 

Second Responsory. 
Fence thou this city, &c., {p. 290.) 

Third Lesson. 

HPHUS saith the Lord GOD : l Be 
hold, I am against the shep 
herds, and I will require My flock at 

i The Name. 



Third Responsory. 

O Lord God ! have mercy, &c., (p. 
290.) 



Fourth Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book of 
the Prophet Ezekiel (xl. i.) 

T N the five-and-twentieth year of our 
captivity, in the beginning of the 
year, in the tenth day of the month, 
in the fourteenth year after that the 
City 2 was smitten, in the self-same 
day, the hand of the LORD was upon 
me, and brought me thither. In 
the visions of God brought He me 
into the land of Israel, and set me 
upon a very high mountain, whereon 
was as the frame of a city turned 
toward the south ; and He brought 
me thither. 

First Responsory. 
I will show thee, &c., (p. 290.) 
2 Jerusalem. 



SECOND WEEK OF NOVEMBER. 



299 



Second Lesson, 

A ND, behold, there was a man, 
whose appearance was like the 
appearance of brass, with a line of 
flax in his hand, and a measuring- 
reed hi his hand ; and he stood in the 
gate. And this man said unto me : 
Son of man, behold with thine eyes, 
and hear with thine ears, and set 
thine heart upon all the things that I 
shall show thee, for to the intent that 
they may be shown unto thee, thou art 
brought hither ; declare all that thou 
seest, to the house of Israel. 

Second Responsory. 
I am straitened, &c., (p. 289.) 

Third Lesson. 

A ND, behold, the wall on the out 
side of the house round about, 
and in the man s hand a measuring- 
reed of six cubits long, and an hand- 
breadth. So he measured the breadth 
of the building, one reed ; and the 
height, one reed. Then came he unto 
the gate which looketh toward the 
east, and went up the stairs thereof, 
and measured the threshold of the 
gate, which was one reed broad, that 
is, one threshold was one reed broad. 

Third Responsory. 
The Lord hath sent, &c., (p. 289.) 



Fifth Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book of 
the Prophet Ezekiel (xli. I.) 

AFTERWARD, he brought me to 

the Temple, and measured the 

posts, six cubits broad on the one side, 



and six cubits broad on the other side, 
which was the breadth of the Taber 
nacle. And the breadth of the door 
was ten cubits ; and the sides of the 
door were five cubits on the one side, 
and five cubits on the other side ; and 
he measured the length thereof, forty 
cubits, and the breadth, twenty cubits. 
Then went he inward, and measured 
the post of the door, two cubits, and 
the door, six cubits, and the breadth of 
the door, seven cubits. 

First Responsory. 
I saw the Lord, &c., (p. 286.) 

Second Lesson. 

CO he measured the length thereof, 
*-* twenty cubits, and the breadth, 
twenty cubits, before the Temple ; and 
he said unto me : This is the Holy of 
Holies. After, he measured the wall 
of the house, six cubits, and the 
breadth of the side, four cubits, round 
about the house on every side. And 
the sides, side to side, were twice 
thirty and three, and they projected 
above, entering- by the wall of the 
house, in the sides round about, that 
they might have hold, and yet not 
touch the wall of the Temple. 

Second Responsory. 
Look down, O Lord, &c., (p. 286.) 

Third Lesson. 

AND there was a broad passage 
round about, going up by wind 
ing-stairs ; and it led into the upper 
loft of the Temple all round. There 
fore was the Temple broader in the 
higher parts, and so increased from 
the lowest chamber to the highest by 
the midst. I saw also the height of 
the house round about, the foundations 
of the side chambers were a full reed, 



300 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



six great cubits ; and the thickness of 
the wall for the side chamber without 
was five cubits, and the inner house 
was inside the side-chambers of the 
house. 

Third Responsory. 
Consider, O Lord, &c., (p. 286.) 



Sixth Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book of 
the Prophet Ezekiel (xliii. i.) 

A FTERWARD, he brought me to 
^^ the gate that looketh toward the 
East. And, behold, the glory of the 
God of Israel came from the way of 
the East ; and His voice was like the 
voice of many waters, and the earth 
shined with His glory. And I saw 
the vision, according to the appearance 
which I saw, when He came to destroy 
the city ; and the appearance was like 
the vision that I saw by the river 
Chebar. And I fell upon my face. 
And the glory of the LORD came into 
the house by the way of the gate 
whose prospect is toward the East. 
And the spirit took me up, and brought 
me into the inner court ; and, behold, 
the house was filled with the glory of 
the LORD. 

First Responsory. 
I have set watchmen, c., (p. 287.) 

Second Lesson. 

A ND I heard Him speaking unto 
"^^ me out of the house, and the 
man that stood by me said unto me : 



Son of man, the place of My throne, 
and the place of the soles of My feet, 
where I dwell in the midst of the 
children of Israel for ever, and My 
Holy Name, shall the house of Israel 
no more defile, neither they nor their 
kings, by their whoredom, nor by the 
carcasses of their kings, nor by their 
high places. They set their threshold 
by My threshold, and their posts by 
My posts, and the wall between Me 
and them ; and they have defiled 
My Holy Name by their abomina 
tions that they have committed ; 
wherefore, I have consumed them 
in Mine anger. 

Second Responsory. 
Hedge us about, &c., (p. 287.) 

Third Lesson. 

1VT OW, therefore, let them put away 
their whoredom, and the car 
casses of their kings, far from Me ; 
and I will dwell in the midst of 
them for ever. And thou, son of 
man, show the house to the house 
of Israel, and let them be ashamed 
of their iniquities ; and let them 
measure the pattern, and be ashamed 
of all that they have done. Show 
them the form of the house, and 
the finishings of the building thereof, 
the goings-out thereof, and the com- 
ings-in thereof, and all the forms 
thereof, and all the ordinances 
thereof, and all the order thereof, and 
all the laws thereof; and write it in 
their sight, that they may keep the 
whole form thereof, and all the ordi 
nances thereof, and do them. 

Third Responsory. 

We looked for peace, &c., (p. 
288.) 



THIRD WEEK OF NOVEMBER. 



301 



The Sabbath. 

MATTINS. 

First Less o?2. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book of 
the Prophet Ezekiel (xlvii. i.) 

AFTERWARD, he brought me 
^^ again unto the door of the 
house ; and, behold, waters issued out 
from under the threshold of the house, 
Eastward. For the fore-front of the 
house stood toward the East ; and the 
waters came down from under, by the 
right side of the house, to the south 
side of the Altar. Then brought he 
me out by the way of the gate North 
ward, and led me about the way with 
out unto the outer gate, by the way 
that looketh Eastward ; and, behold, 
there ran out waters on the right side. 

First Responsory. 
Blessed is the people, &c., (p. 288.) 

Second Lesson. 

AND when the man that had the 
"^^ line in his hand went forth East 
ward, he measured a thousand cubits, 
and he brought me through the waters, 
[the waters were] to the ancles. 
Again, he measured a thousand, and 
brought me through the waters, [the 
waters were] to the knees. Again, he 
measured a thousand, and brought me 
through the waters, [the waters were] 
to the loins. Afterward, he measured 
a thousand ; and it was a river that I 
could not pass over, for the waters 
were risen, a deep, quick river, that 
cannot be forded. 

Second Responsory. 
1 am straitened, c., (p. 289.) 



Third Lesson. 

A ND he said to me : Son of man, 
"*** hast thou seen this ? Then he 
brought me, and caused me to return 
to the brink of the river. Now when 
I had returned, behold, at the bank of 
the river were very many trees, on the 
one side, and on the other. And he 
said unto me : These waters which 
issue out toward the sand-hills of the 
East, and go down into the flat country 
of the desert, shall go into the sea, and 
when they go forth into the sea, the 
waters shall be healed. And every 
thing that liveth which moveth, 
whithersoever the river shall come, 
shall live ; and there shall be a very 
great multitude of fish, after that these 
waters shall come thither, and that 
they shall be healed. And everything 
shall live whither the river cometh. 

Third Responsory. 
The Lord hath sent, c., (p. 289.) 



SunUas of 

The Third Lord^s day of November. 

Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed 
Virgin on the preceding evening. 
Hedge us about with Thy wall that 
cannot be broken down, O Lord, and 
shield us continually with the arms of 
Thy might. 

Prayer of the ensiling Sunday. 

MATTINS. 
FIRST NOCTURN. 

First Lesson. 

Here beginneth the Book of the Prophet 
Daniel (i. i.) 

T N the third year of the reign of 
A Jehoiakim, King of Judah, came 
Nebuchadnezzar, King of Babylon, 



3O2 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



unto Jerusalem, and besieged it. And 
the Lord gave Jehoiakim, King of 
Judah, into his hand, with part of the 
vessels of the house of God ; which he 
carried into the land of Shinar, to 
the house of his god ; and he brought 
the vessels into the treasure-house of 
his god. And the King spake unto 
Ashpenaz the master of his eunuchs, 
that he should bring certain of the 
children of Israel, and of the King s 
seed, and of the princes, children in 
whom was no blemish, but well- 
favoured, and skilful in all wisdom, 
and cunning in knowledge, and under 
standing science, and such as had 
ability in them to stand in the King s 
Palace, whom they might teach the 
learning and the tongue of the 
Chaldeans. 

First Responsory. 
I saw the Lord, &c., (p. 286.) 



Second Lesson. 

AND the King appointed them a 
T"T daily provision of his own meat, 
and of the wine which he drank, so 
nourishing them three years, that, at 
the end thereof, they might stand 
before the King. Now, among these, 
were the children of Judah, Daniel, 
Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah, unto 
whom the Prince of the eunuchs gave 
names ; unto Daniel, the name of 
Belteshazzar ; unto Hananiah, of 
Shadrach ; unto Mishael, of Meshach ; 
and to Azariah, of Abed-nego. But 
Daniel purposed in his heart that he 
would not defile himself with the por 
tion of the King s meat, nor with the 
wine which he drank ; therefore he 
requested of the Prince of the eunuchs 
that he might not defile himself. And 
God gave Daniel favour and kindness 
in the sight of the Prince of the 
eunuchs. 



Second Responsory. 
Look down, O Lord, &c., (p. 286.) 

Third Lesson. 

AND the Prince of the eunuchs said 
** unto Daniel : I fear my lord the 
King, who hath appointed your meat 
and your drink ; for if he see your 
faces worse - liking than the other 
children which are of your sort, then 
shall ye make me endanger my head 
to the King. Then said Daniel to 
Melzar, whom the Prince of the 
eunuchs had set over Daniel, Hananiah, 
Mishael, and Azariah : Prove thy ser 
vants, I beseech thee, ten days, and 
let them give us pulse to eat, and 
water to drink ; then let our coun 
tenances be looked upon before thee, 
and the countenances of the children 
that eat of the portion of the King s 
meat and, as thou seest, deal with 
thy servants. So he consented to 
them in this matter, and proved them 
ten days. And at the end of ten 
days, their countenances appeared 
fairer and fatter in flesh than all 
the children, which did eat the 
portion of the King s meat. 

Third Responsory. 
Consider, O Lord, &c., (p. 286.) 

SECOND NOCTURN. 

Fourth Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book 
addressed "To Virgins" by St 
Athanasius, Pope [of Alexandria.] 
(Bk. ii.) 

T F any should come and say unto 

thee, " Fast not so often, lest thou 

injure thine health," believe them not, 



THIRD WEEK OF NOVEMBER. 



303 



neither listen to them. They are but 
the tools of the great enemy to suggest 
such a thing unto thee. Remember 
how it is written that when the three 
children, and Daniel, and the other 
lads, were led captives by Nebuchad 
nezzar King of Babylon, and it was 
commanded them to eat of his Royal 
table, and to drink of his wine, Daniel 
and those three children would not 
defile themselves with the King s table, 
but said unto the eunuch into whose 
keeping they had been given, " Give 
us of the fruits of the earth, and we 
will eat." And the eunuch answered 
them, " I fear my lord the King, who 
hath appointed your meat and your 
drink, lest perchance your faces should 
appear unto the King worse -liking 
than the other children, who are fed 
from his Royal table, and he should 
punish me." 

Fourth Respo7isory. 
I have set watchmen, &c., (p. 287.) 

Fifth Lesson. 

HP HEN they said unto him : " Prove 
thy servants ten days, and give 
us herbs." And he gave them pulse 
to eat and water to drink ; and, when 
he brought them in before the King, 
their countenances appeared fairer 
than all the children which did eat the 
portion of the King s meat. Seest 
thou what fasting doth? It healeth 
diseases, it drieth up the humours of 
the body, it scareth away devils, it 
purgeth forth unclean thoughts, it 
maketh the intellect clearer, it 
purifieth the heart, it sanctifieth the 
body, and in the end it leadeth 
a man unto the throne of God. 
Think not that this is rash talking. 
Thou hast the testimony of this in 
the Gospels under the sanction of the 
Saviour Himself. His disciples asked 



Him why they could not cast out 
an evil spirit, "and He said unto 
them : This kind can come forth by 
nothing but by prayer and fasting." 
(Mark ix. 28.) 

Fifth Responsory. 
Hedge us about, &c., (p. 287.) 

Sixth Lesson. 

T F any man therefore be troubled 
with an unclean spirit, if he 
bethink him of this, and have re 
course to this remedy, namely, fast 
ing, the evil spirit will be forthwith 
compelled to leave him from dread 
of the power of fasting. Devils take 
great delight in fulness, and drunken 
ness, and bodily comfort. There is 
great power in fasting, and great and 
glorious things are wrought thereby. 
How cometh it that men work such 
wonders, and that signs are done by 
them, and that God through them 
giveth health to the sick, unless it 
be from their ghostly exercises, and 
the meekness of their souls, and their 
godly conversation ? To fast is to 
banquet with Angels, and he that 
fasteth is to be reckoned, so far, 
among the Angelic host. 

Sixth Responsory. 
We looked for peace, &c., (p. 288.) 

THIRD NOCTURN. 

Seventh Responsory. 
Blessed is the people, &c., (p. 288.) 

Eighth Responsory. 
One Seraph cried, &c., (p. 216.) 



304 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



Second Day, 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book of 
the Prophet Daniel (ii. si.) 1 

"THOU, O King, sawest, and, be 
hold, a great image. This great 
image, whose height was exalted, 
stood before thee ; and the form 
thereof was terrible. This image s 
head was of fine gold, his breast 
and his arms of silver, and his 
belly and his thighs of brass ; and 
his legs of iron, and his feet part 
of iron and part of clay. Thou 
sawest till that a stone was cut out 
of a mountain without hands, which 
smote the image upon his feet, that 
were of iron and clay, and brake 
them to pieces. Then was the iron, 
the clay, the brass, the silver, and 
the gold broken to pieces together, 
and became like the chaff of a sum 
mer threshing-floor, which the wind 
hath carried away, and no place hath 
been found for them. And the stone 
that smote the image became a great 
mountain, and filled the whole earth. 

First Responsory. 
He hath redeemed, &c., (p. 288.) 

Second Lesson. 

" PHIS is the dream ; and we will 
tell the interpretation thereof 
before thee, O King. Thou art a 
King of kings, and the God of 
heaven hath given thee a kingdom, 
power, and strength, and glory, and, 
wheresoever the children of men dwell, 



the beasts of the field, and the fowls 
of the heaven, hath He given into 
thine hand, and hath made thee 
ruler over them all. Thou therefore 
art this head of gold. And after 
thee shall arise another kingdom in 
ferior to thee, of silver ; and another 
third kingdom, of brass ; which shall 
bear rule over all the earth. And 
the fourth kingdom shall be strong 
as iron. Even as iron breaketh in 
pieces and subdueth all things, so 
shall it break in pieces and bruise all 
things. 

Second Responsory. 

I am straitened, &c., (p. 289.) 

Third Lesson. 

HE RE AS thou sawest the feet 
and toes part of potter s clay 
and part of iron, the kingdom 
shall be divided, but there shall be 
in it of the strength of the iron, 
forasmuch as thou sawest the iron 
mixed with miry clay. And as the 
toes of the feet were part of iron 
and part of clay, so the kingdom 
shall be partly strong and partly 
broken. And whereas thou sawest 
iron mixed with miry clay, they shall 
mingle themselves with the seed of 
men, but they shall not cleave one 
to another, even as iron is not 
mixed with clay. And in the days 
of these kingdoms shall the God of 
heaven set up a kingdom, which 
shall never be destroyed, and the 
kingdom thereof shall not be left 
to other people but it shall break 
in pieces and consume all these king 
doms, and it shall stand for ever. 

Third Responsory. 
The Lord hath sent, &c., (/. 289.) 



1 These Lessons contain Daniel s interpretation of a dream of King Nebuchadnezzar. Dr 
Pusey understands the four kingdoms to be the Assyrian, Persian, Grecian, and Roman 
Empires, and the final and enduring one, the Kingdom of Christ. (Lectures on Daniel the 
Prophet, ii.) 



THIRD WEEK OF NOVEMBER. 



305 



Third Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book of 
the Prophet Daniel (iii. 14.) 

1 AND Nebuchadnezzar spake, and 
^^ said unto them : Is it true, O 
Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego ? 
Do not ye serve my gods, nor worship 
the golden image which I have set 
up ? Now, therefore, if ye be ready, 
at what time ye hear the sound of the 
cornet, flute, harp, sackbut, psaltery, 
bag-pipes, and all kinds of music, fall 
down and worship the image which 
I have made. But if ye worship not, 
ye shall be cast the same hour into 
a burning fiery furnace and who is 
that god that shall deliver you out 
of my hand ? 

First Responsory. 

Before the face of Thine anger, c., 

(p. 289.) 

Second Lesson. 

CHADRACH, Meshach, and Abed- 
*^ nego answered and said to King 
Nebuchadnezzar : We are not careful 
to answer thee in this matter. For, 
behold, our God, Whom we serve, is 
able to deliver us from the burning 
fiery furnace, and to free us out of 
thy hand, O King ! But if not, be 
it known unto thee, O King, that we 
will not serve thy gods, nor worship 
the golden image which thou hast 
set up. Then was Nebuchadnezzar 
full of fury, and the form of his 
visage was changed against Shadrach, 
Meshach, and Abed-nego. And he 



commanded that they should heat the 
furnace seven times more than it was 
wont to be heated. 

Second Responsory. 
Fence Thou this city, &c., (p. 290.) 

Third Lesson. (21.) 

HP HEN these men were bound, in 
their breeches, their hats and 
their shoes, 2 and their other garments, 
and were cast into the midst of the 
burning fiery furnace ; for the King s 
commandment was urgent, and the 
furnace exceeding hot. And the flame 
of the fire slew those men that cast in 
Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego. 
But these three men, (that is to say, 
Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego,) 
fell down, bound, into the midst of 
the burning fiery furnace and they 
walked in the midst of the fire, prais 
ing God and blessing the Lord. 

Third Responsory. 

O Lord God ! have mercy, &c., (p. 
290.) 



Fourth Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book of 
the Prophet Daniel (iv. 19.) 

T)ELTESHAZZAR 3 answered, and 
said : My lord, the dream be to 
them that hate thee, and the interpre 
tation thereof to thine enemies. The 
tree that thou sawest, which grew and 
was strong, whose height reached unto 



1 This was on the occasion of the dedication of a golden statue, sixty cubits high and six 
cubits broad, which Nebuchadnezzar had set up in the plain of Dura. 

2 Rather, according to Gesenius, "their trousers, their tunics, and their cloaks." 

3 I.e., Daniel, called by his heathen name, called in to interpret another dream of Nebu 
chadnezzar. 



306 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



the heaven, and the sight thereof to 
all the earth, whose branches were 
very fair, and the fruit thereof much, 
and in it was meat for all, under 
which the beasts of the field dwelt, 
and upon whose branches the fowls 
of the heaven had their habitat on, 
it is thou, O King, that art grown 
and become strong, for thy great 
ness is grown, and reacheth unto 
heaven, and thy dominion unto the 
end of the earth. 

First Responsory. 
I will show thee, &c., (p. 290.) 

Second Lesson. 

AND whereas the King saw a 
^^ Watcher and an holy one coming 
down from heaven, and saying : Hew 
the tree down and destroy it, yet 
leave the stump of the roots thereof 
in the earth, even with a band of 
iron and brass in the tender grass 
of the field, and let it be wet with 
the dew of heaven, and let his por 
tion be with the beasts of the field, 
till seven times pass over him ; this 
is the interpretation, O King, and this 
is the decree of the Most High, which 
is come upon my lord the King ; 
That they shall drive thee from men, 
and thy dwelling shall be with the 
beasts of the field, and thou shalt 
eat grass as an ox, and thou shalt 
be wet with the dew of heaven. 

Second Responsory. 
I am straitened, &c., (p. 289.) 

Third Lesson. 

AND seven times shall pass over 
7* 1 thee, till thou know that the 
Most High ruleth in the kingdom 



of men, and giveth it to whomsoever 
He will. And whereas He com 
manded to leave the stump of his 
roots, (that is, of the tree s) thy 
kingdom shall be sure unto thee, 
after that thou shalt have known 
that the heavens do rule. Where 
fore, O King, let my counsel be 
acceptable unto thee, and redeem 
thy sins by alms-giving, and thine 
iniquities by showing mercy to the 
poor haply, He may not remem 
ber any more thy trangressions. 

All this came upon King Nebu 
chadnezzar. 1 

Third Responsory. 
The Lord hath sent, &c., (p. 289.) 



Fifth Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book 
of the Prophet Daniel (v. i.) 

"DELSHAZZAR 2 the King made a 
great feast to a thousand of 
his lords, and they drank every one 
of them according to his age. And 
when he began to be full, he com 
manded to bring the golden and 
silver vessels, which his father Ne 
buchadnezzar had taken out of the 
temple which was in Jerusalem, that 
the King, and his princes, and his 
wives, and his concubines, might 
drink therein. Then were brought 
the golden and silver vessels that 
were taken out of the temple which 
was at Jerusalem ; and the King, and 
his princes, and his wives, and his 
concubines, drank in them. They 
drank wine, and praised their gods 



1 I.e., he was afflicted for a time with insanity. 

2 The last of the Chaldean Kings, believed to have been a grandson of Nebuchadnezzar. 



THIRD WEEK OF NOVEMBER. 



307 



of gold and of silver, of brass, of iron, 
of wood, and of stone. In the same 
hour came forth fingers, as of a man s 
hand, and wrote over against the 
candlestick upon the plaster of the 
wall of the King s palace ; and the 
King saw the part of the hand that 
wrote. Then the King s counte 
nance was changed, and his thoughts 
troubled him. 

First Responsory. 
I saw the Lord, c., (p. 286.) 

Second Lesson. (13.) 



*T^HEN was Daniel brought in before 
the King. And the King spake, 
and said unto Daniel : Art thou that 
Daniel, which art of the children of 
the captivity of Judah, whom the King 
my father brought out of Jewry ? I 
have heard of thee, that the spirit 
of the gods is in thee, and that 
knowledge, and understanding, and 
wisdom are found excellently in thee. 
And now the wise men, the magi 
cians, have been brought in before 
me, that they should read this writ 
ing, and make known unto me the 
interpretation thereof; but they could 
not show the interpretation of the 
thing. And I have heard of thee, 
that thou canst make interpretations, 
and dissolve doubts. Now, if thou 
canst read the writing, and make 
known to me the interpretation 
thereof, thou shalt be clothed with 
scarlet, and have a chain of gold 
about thy neck, and be the third 
ruler in my kingdom. Then Daniel 
answered, and said before the King : 
Let thy gifts be to thyself, and give 
thy rewards to another ! Yet I will 
read the writing unto thee, O King, 
and make known to thee the inter 
pretation thereof. 



Second Responsory. 
Look down, O Lord, &c, (p. 286.) 

Third Lesson. (25.) 

AND this is the writing that 
-^ was written : M NE T KEL 
PHARSIN. And this is the inter 
pretation of the thing. "M NE" 
God hath "numbered" thy kingdom ; 
and finished it. "T KEL" thou 
art " weighed " in the balances ; and 
found wanting. "PHARSIN" thy 
kingdom is " divided " ; and given 
to the Medes and Persians. 1 Then 
commanded the King, and they 
clothed Daniel with scarlet, and put 
a chain of gold about his neck, and 
made a proclamation concerning him, 
that he should be the third ruler in 
the kingdom. 

In that night was Belshazzar, the 
King of the Chaldeans, slain. And 
Darius the Median took the kingdom, 
being about threescore-and-two years 
old. 

Third Responsory. 

Consider, O Lord, &c., (p. 286.) 



Sixth Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book 
of the Prophet Daniel (vi. n.) 

A1THEN, then, these men made 
careful search, they found 
Daniel praying and making suppli 
cation before his God. Then they 
came near, and spake unto the King 
concerning his decree : O King, hast 
thou not signed a decree that every 
man that shall ask a petition of any god 
or man within thirty days, (save of 



Probably a further play upon " Paras" a " Persian." 



308 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



thee, O King,) shall be cast into 
the den of lions ? The King an 
swered them, and said : The thing 
is true, according to the law of the 
Medes and Persians, which altereth 
not. Then answered they, and said 
before the King : That Daniel, which 
is of the children of the captivity of 
Judah, regardeth not thy law, nor 
the decree that thou hast signed, but 
maketh his petition three times a 
day. Then the King, when he heard 
these words, was sore displeased with 
himself, and set his heart on Daniel, 
to deliver him, and he laboured till 
the going-down of the sun to deliver 
him. But when these men under 
stood [how it was with] the King, 
they said unto him : Know, O King, 
that the law of the Medes and Per 
sians is, that no decree which the 
King established! may be changed. 

First Responsory. 
I have set watchmen, c., (p. 287.) 

Second Lesson. 

T V HEN the King commanded, and 
they brought Daniel, and cast 
him into the den of lions. And the 
King said unto Daniel : Thy God, whom 
thou servest continually, He will de 
liver thee. And a stone was brought 
and laid upon the mouth of the den ; 
and the King sealed it with his own 
signet, and with the signet of his 
lords, lest anything should be done 
against Daniel. Then the King went 
to his palace, and passed the night 
fasting ; meats were not brought be 
fore him, and sleep went from him. 
And the King rose very early in the 
morning, and went in haste unto the 
den of lions. And when he came 
to the den, he cried with a lament 
able voice unto Daniel, and said to 
him : O Daniel, servant of the living 



God, hath thy God, Whom thou 
servest continually, been able to de 
liver thee from the lions ? 

Second Responsory. 
Hedge us about, &c., (p. 287.) 

Third Lesson. 

A ND Daniel answered the King, 
and said : O King, live for 
ever ! my God hath sent His Angel, 
and hath shut the lions mouths, that 
they have not hurt me, forasmuch 
as before Him innocency was found 
in me ; and also before thee, O King, 
have I done no hurt. Then was the 
King exceeding glad for him, and 
commanded that they should take 
Daniel up out of the den. So Daniel 
was taken up out of the den, and no 
manner of hurt was found upon him, 
because he believed in his God. 
And the King commanded, and they 
brought those men which had accused 
Daniel, and they were cast into the 
den of lions, they, their children, and 
their wives, and the lions had the 
mastery of them, and brake all their 
bones in pieces, or ever they came 
at the bottom of the den. 

Third Responsory. 
We looked for peace, c., (p. 288.) 



The Sabbath. 
MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book of 
the Prophet Daniel (ix. i.) 

T N the first year of Darius, the son 

of Ahasuerus, of the seed of the 

Medes, who was king over the realm 



THIRD WEEK OF NOVEMBER. 



309 



of the Chaldeans, in the first year of 
his reign, I, Daniel, understood by 
books 1 the number of the years, 
whereof the word of the LORD came 
to Jeremiah the Prophet, that He would 
accomplish seventy years in the deso 
lations of Jerusalem. And I set my 
face unto the Lord God, to seek by 
prayer and supplications, with fasting, 
and sackcloth, and ashes. And I 
prayed unto the LORD my God, and 
made my confession, and said : O 
Lord, the Great and Dreadful God, 
keeping the covenant and mercy to 
them that love Thee, and to them that 
keep Thy commandments : we have 
sinned, we have committed iniquity, 
we have done wickedly, and have 
rebelled, and have departed from Thy 
precepts and from Thy judgments. 

First Responsory. 
Blessed is the people, &c., (p. 288.) 

Second Lesson. (21.) 

V\fHILES I was speaking in prayer, 
behold, the man Gabriel, whom 
I had seen in the vision at the begin 
ning, being caused to fly swiftly, 
touched me about the time of the 
evening oblation. And he informed 
me, and talked with me, and said : O 
Daniel, I am now come forth to give 
thee skill and understanding. At the 
beginning of thy supplications the 
commandment came forth ; and I am 
come to show thee, for thou art 
greatly beloved ; therefore understand 
the matter, and consider the vision. 



Seventy weeks are determined upon 
thy people, and upon thine holy city, 
to finish the transgression, and to 
make an end of sins, and to make 
reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring 
in everlasting righteousness, and to 
seal up the vision and prophecy, and 
to anoint the Most Holy. 

Second Responsory. 
I am straitened, &c., (p. 289.) 

Third Lesson. 

I/" NOW therefore, and understand, 
*^ that, from the going forth of the 
commandment to build up again Jeru 
salem, unto the Prince, the Anointed, 
shall be seven weeks, and three-score- 
and-two weeks. The street shall be 
built again, and the walls, even in 
troublous times. And after three- 
score-and-two weeks shall Christ be 
cut off and they shall not be His 
own people that shall deny Him. 2 
And a people, with a Prince that shall 
come, shall destroy the city and the 
sanctuary ; and the end thereof shall be 
desolation, and after the end of the 
war desolation is appointed. But he 
shall confirm the covenant with many 
for one week ; and in the midst of the 
week the sacrifice and the oblation 
shall cease ; and in the temple shall 
be the abomination of desolation ; and 
even until the consummation and the 
end shall endure the desolation. 3 

Third Responsory. 
The Lord hath sent, &c., (p. 289.) 



1 The scriptures seem to be meant, and Dr Pusey so translates. The places quoted are 
Jer. xxv. n, 12, xxix. 10-12. 

2 I.e., by denying Him they shall alienate themselves from Him. 

3 Dr Pusey s explanation of the numbers is as follows, the weeks being, of course, year- 
weeks, consisting of seven years each. First, from the commission to Ezra in the seventh 
year of Artaxerxes Longimanus, B.C. 457, to the completion of the work of restoration by 
Nehemiah at his second visit to Jerusalem, 7 weeks = 49 years ; second, thence to the Baptism 
of our Lord, "when the descent of the Holy Ghost upon Him manifested Him to be the 
Anointed with the Holy Ghost, the Christ," A.D. 27, (since the Nativity was four years earlier 

VOL. IV. L 



3 io 



THE .PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



JFourtfj j^untiag of 



The Fourth Lord s Day of November. 

Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed 
Virgin on the preceding Saturday. O 
Lord, the King of kings, That contain- 
est the circuit of the heavens and be- 
holdest the depths, That weighest the 
mountains, and holdest the earth in 
Thine hand, * hear us, O Lord, when 
we cry unto Thee. 

Prayer of the ensuing Sunday. 

MATTINS. 
FIRST NOCTURN. 

First Lesson. 

Here beginneth the Book of the Pro 
phet Hosea 1 (i. i.) 

HTHE word of the LORD that came 
unto Hosea, the son of Beeri, in 
the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and 
Hezekiah, Kings of Judah, and in the 
days of Jeroboam, the son of Joash, 
King of Israel. 2 The beginning of 
the word of the LORD by Hosea. 
And the LORD said to Hosea : Go, 
take unto thee a wife of whoredom, 
and get thee children of whoredom ; 
for the land hath committed great 
whoredom, departing from the LORD. 
So he went, and took Gomer, the 
daughter of Diblaim, which conceived, 
and bare him a son. 

First Responsory. 
I saw the Lord, &c., (p. 286.) 



Second Lesson. 

AND the LORD said unto him : Call 
"^^ his name Jezreel, for yet a little 
while, and I will avenge the blood of 
Jezreel upon the house of Jehu, 3 and 
will cause to cease the kingdom of the 
house of Israel. And it shall come to 
pass at that day, that I will break the 
bow of Israel in the valley of Jezreel. 
And she conceived again, and bare a 
daughter : And He said unto him : 
Call her name No-mercy, for I will no 
more have mercy upon the house of 
Israel, but I will utterly forget them. 
But I will have mercy upon the house 
of Judah, and will save them by the 
LORD their God ; and will not save 
them by bow, nor by sword, nor by 
battle, nor by horses, nor by horsemen. 

Second Responsory. 
Look down, O Lord, &c., (p. 286.) 

Third Lesson. 

A ND she weaned No-mercy. Again, 
she conceived and bare a son. 
And He said : Call his name Not-My- 
people, for ye are not My people, and 
I will not be your [God.] And the 
number of the children of Israel shall 
be as the sand of the sea, which cannot 
be measured nor numbered. And it 
shall come to pass that in the place 
where it shall be said unto them, Ye 
are not My people, there it shall be 
said unto them, Ye are the sons of the 
living God. Then shall the children 



than our era,) 62 weeks = 434 years ; third, the one week of seven years wherein, by His 
ministry, He "confirmed the covenant with many," but in the midst of which, (i.e., after three 
years,) He was "cut off out of the land of the living," and, by His all-sufficing Oblation of 
Himself, superseded for ever the legal sacrifices. During the rest of the week He continued to 
confirm the covenant by Himself or His Apostles, before the preaching to the Samaritans 
showed that the special privileges of the Jews were at an end. (IVth Lecture on Daniel.) 

1 Latin, "Osee," following the LXX. in the imperfect transliteration, of which alone the 
Greek alphabet is capable. The name signifies "Salvation," and is from the same root as 
is found in " JESUS." 

2 He prophesied therefore for some sixty years, and was contemporary with Isaiah. 

3 Abp. Kenrick says "The blood of King Joramj who was slain by Jehu in the valley 
of Jezreel." 



FOURTH WEEK OF NOVEMBER. 



of Judah and the children of Israel be 
gathered together, and appoint them 
selves one head, and they shall come 
up out of the land : for great shall be 
the day of Jezreel. 

Third Responsory. 
Consider, O Lord, &c., (/. 286.) 

SECOND NOCTURN. 

Fourth Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book 
" Upon the City of God," written by 
St Austin, Bishop [of Hippo.] (Bk. 
xviii. ch. 28.) 

AS to the Prophet Hosea, the 
deeper his meaning, the harder 
to pierce. But somewhat may be 
gotten out of him, and, as I promised, 
I will give it here. He saith : "And 
it shall come to pass that, in the place 
where it shall be said unto them, Ye 
are not My people, there it shall be 
said unto them : Ye are the sons of 
the living God." This was understood 
even by the Apostles as a Prophetic 
witness to the call of the Gentiles, who 
erst had not been God s people. (Rom. 
ix. 24-26.) 

Fourth Responsory. 
I have set watchmen, c., (p. 287.) 

Fifth Lesson. 

A ND since the converted Gentiles 
are the spiritual children of 
Abraham, and are therefore rightly 
called Israelites, therefore he goeth on, 
and saith: "Then shall the children 
of Judah and the children of Israel 
be gathered together, and appoint 
themselves one head, and they shall 



come up out of the land." If we went 
on expounding this, we should water 
down the flavour of the prophetic 
draught. Let there be remembered, 
however, that Corner Stone, and let 
there be acknowledged those twain 
walls, [which It bindeth in one,] the 
Jews and the Gentiles, one called the 
children of Judah and the other the 
children of Israel, bound together 
under One Head, and coming up out 
of the land. 



Fifth Responsory. 
Hedge us about, &c., (p. 287.) 

Sixth Lesson. 

CONCERNING them that are now 
Israelites according to the flesh, 
that will not now believe in Christ, but 
shall believe hereafter, (that is, their 
children shall believe, for these shall 
die, and go to their own place,) this 
same Prophet giveth witness, where 
he saith : " The children of Israel 
shall abide many days without a King, 
and without a Prince, and without a 
sacrifice, and without an Altar, and 
without a Priest, and without oracles." 
(iii. 4.) To whom is it not manifest 
that such is the state of the Jews now ? 

Sixth Responsory. 
We looked for peace, &c., (p. 288.) 

THIRD NOCTURN. 
Seventh Responsory. 
Blessed is the people, &c., (p. 288.) 

Eighth Responsory. 
One Seraph cried, &c., (p. 216.) 



312 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



Second Day. 

MATTINS. 
First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book of 
the Prophet Hosea (iv. i.) 

T_T EAR the word of the LORD, ye 
children of Israel ; for the 
LORD hath a controversy with the 
inhabitants of the land, because there 
is no truth, nor mercy, nor know 
ledge of God in the land. By curs 
ing, and lying, and man-killing, and 
stealing, and committing adultery, 
they break out, and blood toucheth 
blood. 1 Therefore shall the land 
mourn, and every one that dwelleth 
therein shall languish, with the beasts 
of the field, and with the fowls of 
heaven, yea, the fishes of the sea 
also shall be taken away. 

First Responsory. 
He hath redeemed, &c., (p. 288.) 

Second Lesson. 

"WET let no man judge nor reprove 
another, for thy people are as 
they that strive with the Priest. There 
fore shalt thou fall this day, and the 
Prophet shall fall with thee ; in the 
night have I silenced thy mother. 2 
My people are speechless for lack of 
knowledge. Because thou hast re 
jected knowledge, I will also reject 
thee, that thou shalt be no Priest to 
Me ; seeing thou hast forgotten the 
Law of thy God, I also will forget 
thy children. 



Second Responsory. 
I am straitened, &c., (p. 289.) 

Third Lesson. 

A S tne y were increased, so they 
** sinned against Me ; therefore 
have I changed their glory into shame. 
They eat up the sin of My people, 
and they set their heart upon their 
iniquity. And there shall be, like 
people, like Priest ; and I will punish 
them for their ways, and reward them 
for their doings. And they shall eat, 
and not have enough ; they shall 
commit whoredom, and shall not in 
crease ; because they have left off to 
take heed to the LORD. 

Third Responsory, 
The Lord hath sent, &c., (p. 289.) 



Third Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

Here beginneth the Book of the Pro 
phet Joel (i. i.) 

"THE word of the LORD that came 
to Joel, the son of Pethuel. 3 
Hear this, ye old men, and give ear, 
all ye inhabitants of the land ! Hath 
this been in your days, or even in the 
days of your fathers ? Tell ye your 
children of it, and let your children 
tell their children, and their children 
another generation. That which the 
palmer-worm hath left, hath the locust 
eaten ; and that which the locust hath 
left, hath the canker-worm eaten ; and 



1 Incest, or the frequency of murder. - I.e., the nation, or mother-country. 

3 Abp. Kenrick says that "the author of this book is not known to us otherwise than by his 
name being prefixed to his prophecy, together with the name of his father. He is thought to 
have been a contemporary of Amos, and to have prophesied in Judea." 



FOURTH WEEK OF NOVEMBER. 



313 



that which the canker-worm hath left, 
hath the caterpillar eaten. 1 

First Responsory. 
Before the face, &c., (p. 289.) 

Second Lesson. 

A WAKE, ye drunkards, and weep, 
"^^ and howl, all ye drinkers of new 
wine [in his sweetness,] for it is cut 
off from your mouth. For a nation 2 
is come up upon My land, strong and 
without number, whose teeth are the 
teeth of a lion, and the cheek-teeth 
as of a young lion. He hath laid 
My vine waste, and barked My fig- 
tree he hath made it clean bare, and 
cast it away ; the branches thereof are 
made white. 

Second Responsory. 
Fence Thou this city, &c., (p. 290.) 

Third Lesson. 

T AMENT like a virgin girded with 
"^ sack-cloth for the husband of 
her youth. The meat-offering and the 
drink-offering is cut off from the house 
of the LORD ; 3 the Priests, the LORD S 
ministers, mourn. The field is wasted, 
the land mourneth, for the corn is 
wasted, the new wine is dried up, 
the oil languisheth. The husbandmen 
are confounded, the vine-dressers howl, 
for the wheat and for the barley, be 
cause the harvest of the field is 
perished. 

Third Responsory. 

O Lord God ! have mercy, &c., 

(p. 290.) 



Fourth Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Book of 
the Prophet Joel (iii. i.) 

T N those days and in that time, when 
I shall have brought again the 
captivity of Judah and Jerusalem, I 
will also gather all nations, and will 
bring them down into the valley of 
Jehoshaphat, and will plead with them 
there, for My people and for Mine 
heritage Israel, whom they have 
scattered among the nations, and 
parted My land. And they have cast 
lots for My people, and they have 
given a boy for a harlot, and sold a 
girl for wine, that they might drink. 

First Responsory. 
I will show thee, &c., (p. 290.) 



Second Lesson. 

"WEA, and what have ye to do with 
Me, O Tyre and Sidon, and all 
the coasts of Palestine ? Will ye 
render Me vengeance ? And if ye 
recompense Me, swiftly and speedily 
will I return your recompense upon 
your own head. Because ye have 
taken My silver and My gold, and 
have carried into your temples My 
goodly and My pleasant things. The 
children also of Judah and the children 
of Jerusalem have ye sold unto the 
children of the Grecians, that ye might 
remove them far from their border. 
Behold I will raise them out of the 



1 Abp. Kenrick says "it is impossible to determine the force of each of the terms" descrip 
tive of insects. " Some take them to mark the locust in its various stages of formation." 

2 I.e., the swarm of locusts. 

3 I.e. , the offerings of flour and wine, the harvest and vintage not availing to furnish them. 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



place whither ye have sold them, and 
will return your recompense upon your 
own head. 

Second Responsory. 
I am straitened, c., (p. 289.) 

Third Lesson. 

A ND I will sell your sons and your 
fir daughters into the hand of the 
children of Judah, and they shall sell 
them to the Sabasans, to a people far 
off; for the LORD hath spoken it. 
Proclaim ye this among the Gentiles, 
prepare a war, wake up the mighty 
men ; let all the men of war draw 
near, let them come up. Beat your 
plough-shares into swords, and your 
pruning-hooks into spears. Let the 
weak say : I am strong. Assemble 
yourselves, and come, all ye heathen 
round about, and gather yourselves 
together : there shall the LORD cause 
thy mighty ones to come down. Let 
the nations be wakened, and come up 
to the valley of Jehoshaphat, for there 
will I sit to judge all the nations round 
about. 

Third Responsory. 

The Lord hath sent, c., (p. 289.) 



Fifth Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

Here beginneth the Book of the Pro 
phet Amos (i. i.) 

n^HE words of Amos, who was 

among the herdmen of Tekoah, 

which he saw concerning Israel, in 



the days of Uzziah, King of Judah, 
and in the days of Jeroboam, son of 
Joash, King of Israel, two years before 
the earthquake. And he said : The 
LORD will roar from Zion, and utter 
His voice from Jerusalem : and the 
habitations of the shepherds shall 
mourn, and the top of Carmel shall 
wither. 

First Responsory. 
I saw the Lord, &c., (p. 286.) 

Second Lesson. 

HTHUS saith the LORD: For three 
transgressions of Damascus, and 
for four, I will not turn away the 
punishment thereof,, because they have 
threshed Gilead with threshing-instru 
ments of iron. But I will send a fire 
into the house of Hazael, which shall 
devour the palaces of Ben-Hadad. I 
will break also the bar of Damascus, 
and cut off the inhabitant from the 
plain "of the idol," and him that 
holdeth the sceptre from the house of 
"Pleasure," 1 and the people of Syria 
shall go into captivity unto Cyrene, 
saith the LORD. 



Second Responsory. 
Look down, O Lord, &c., (p. 286.) 



Third Lesson. 

saith the LORD: For three 
transgressions of Gaza, and for 
four, I will not turn away the punish 
ment thereof, because they carried 
away captive the whole captivity, to 
deliver them up to Edom. But I will 
send a fire on the wall of Gaza, which 
shall devour the palaces thereof. And 



1 According to Gesenius, the two places above named are respectively "some valley near the 
city of Damascus " and "a Royal city of Syria on Mount Lebanon, called by the Greeks Para- 
deisos. " According to Abp. Kenrick, the valley between Libanus and Anti-Libanus, and a 
region of Libanus descending towards the valleys of Ccelesyria. 



FOURTH WEEK OF NOVEMBER. 



315 



I will cut off the inhabitant from 
Ashdod, and him that holdeth the 
sceptre from Ashcalon. And I will 
turn Mine hand against Ekron, and 
the remnant of the Philistines shall 
perish, saith the Lord GOD. 1 

Third Responsory. 
Consider, O Lord, &c., (/. 286.) 



Sixth Day. 
MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

Here beginneth the Book of the Pro 
phet Obadiah (i. I.) 

^HE vision of Obadiah. 2 Thus 
saith the Lord GOD 1 concerning 
Edom : We have heard a rumour from 
the LORD, and an ambassador hath 
He sent among the heathen : Arise 
ye, and let us rise up against him in 
battle. Behold, I have made thee 
small among the nations ; thou art 
greatly despised. The pride of thine 
heart hath deceived thee, thou that 
dwellest in the clefts of the rock, 
whose habitation is high, that sayest 
in thine heart, Who shall bring me 
down to the ground ? Though thou 
exalt thyself as the eagle, and though 
thou set thy nest among the stars, 
thence will I bring thee down, saith 
the LORD. 



Second Lesson. 

T F thieves came to thee, if robbers 
by night, how wouldst thou have 
held thy peace ? Would they not 
have stolen till they had enough ? If 
the grape -gatherers came to thee, 
would they not have left thee at the 
least a cluster ? How are the things 
of Esau searched out, how are his 
hidden things sought up ? All the 
men of thy confederacy have brought 
thee even to the border, and then 
have deceived thee ; the men that 
were at peace with thee have prevailed 
against thee ; they that eat thy bread 
have laid a snare under thee. There 
is none understanding in him. 

Second Responsory. 
Hedge us about, &c., (p. 287.) 

Third Lesson. 

CHALL I not in that day, saith the 
^ LORD, even destroy the wise men 
out of Edom, and understanding out 
of the mount of Esau ? And thy 
mighty men from the South shall be 
dismayed, to the end that every one of 
the mount of Esau may be cut off. 
For the slaughter, and for thine 
iniquity against thy brother Jacob, 
shame shall cover thee, and thou shalt 
be cut off for ever. In the day that 
thou stoodest on the other side against 
him, when the strangers carried away 
his forces, and foreigners entered into 
his gates, and cast lots upon Jerusalem, 
even thou wast as one of them. 



First Responsory. 
I have set watchmen, c., (p. 287.) 



Third Responsory. 
We looked for peace, &c., (p. 288.) 



1 The Name. 

2 Latin, Abdias. "St Jerome," says Abp. Kenrick, "on the authority of the Hebrews, 
identifies the Prophet Abdiah with the Governor of the house of Achab, King of Israel, (3 
Kings xviii. 3,) but he does not appear to have placed entire confidence in their judgment, 
which is generally disregarded at the present day. Nothing is known regarding Abdiah, 
unless what is gathered from his prophecy, which seems to have been made after the taking 
of Jerusalem, by the Babylonians." 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



The Sabbath. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

Here beginneth the Book of the Pro 
phet Jonah (i. i.) 

TVT OW, the word of the LORD came 
unto Jonah, 1 the son of Amittai, 
saying : Arise, and go to Nineveh, 
that great city, and cry against it, for 
their wickedness is come up before 
Me. But Jonah rose up, to flee unto 
Tarshish from the presence of the 
LORD ; and went down to Joppa ; and 
he found a ship going to Tarshish. 
So he paid the fare thereof, and went 
down into it, to go with them unto 
Tarshish from the presence of the 
LORD. But the LORD sent out a 
great wind into the sea, and there was 
a mighty tempest in the sea, so that 
the ship was like to be broken. 

First Responsory. 
Blessed is the people, c., (p. 288.) 

Second Lesson. 

"THEN the mariners were afraid, 
and cried every man unto his 
god, and cast forth the wares that 
were in the ship into the sea, to 
lighten it of them. But Jonah was 
gone down into the lower part of the 
ship, and he lay fast asleep. So the 
ship-master came to him, and said 
unto him : Why sleepest thou thus 
heavily ? Arise, call upon thy God, 
if so be that God will think upon us, 
that we perish not. And they said 
every one to his fellow : Come, and 
let us cast lots, that we may know for 



whose cause this evil is upon us. So 
they cast lots ; and the lot fell upon 
Jonah. 

Second Responsory. 
I am straitened, &c., (p. 289.) 

Third Lesson. 

HP HEN said they unto him: Tell 
us, we pray thee, for whose 
cause this evil is upon us ? What is 
thine occupation ? What is thy 
country ? And whither goest thou ? 
Or of what people art thou ? And he 
said unto them : I am an Hebrew; and 
I fear the LORD, the God of heaven, 
which hath made the sea and the dry 
land. Then were the men exceedingly 
afraid, and said unto him : Why hast 
thou done this? (For the men knew 
that he fled from the presence of the 
LORD, because he had told them.) 
Then said they unto him : What shall 
we do unto thee, that the sea may be 
calm unto us ? For the sea wrought 
and was tempestuous. And he said 
unto them : Take me up, and cast me 
forth into the sea, so shall the sea be 
calm unto you, for I know that for my 
sake this great tempest is upon you. 

Third Responsory. 
The Lord hath sent, &c., (p. 289.) 



JHfrtj Suntiag of November. 

The Fifth Lord^s Day of November. 

Aniiphon at the Song of the Blessed 
Virgin on the preceding Saturday even 
ing. I have set watchmen upon thy 
walls, O Jerusalem, * which shall 



1 This Prophet, whose history, not included in the Breviary, is too well known to need 
relating, flourished in the days of Jeroboam II., King of Israel. (3 Kings xiv. 25.) 



FIFTH WEEK OF NOVEMBER. 



317 



never hold their peace day nor night, 
praising the Name of the Lord. 

Prayer of the ensiling Sunday. 



MATTINS. 
FIRST NOCTURN. 

First Lesson. 

Here beginneth the Book of the 
Prophet Micah (i. i.) 

T HE word of the LORD that came 
to Micah the Morasthite, in 
the days of Jotham, Ahaz, and Heze- 
kiah, Kings of Judah, which he saw 
concerning Samaria and Jerusalem. 
Hear, all ye people ! Let the earth 
hearken, and all that therein is ! 
And let the Lord GOD J be witness 
against you the LORD, from His 
holy Temple. For, behold, the LORD 
cometh forth out of His place, and 
will come down, and tread upon the 
high places of the earth. 

First Responsory. 
I saw the Lord, &c., (p. 286.) 

Second Lesson. 

AND the mountains shall be molten 
^^ under Him, and the valleys shall 
be cleft, as wax before the fire, and 
as the waters that are poured down 
a steep place. For the transgression 
of Jacob is all this, and for the sins 
of the house of Israel. What is the 
transgression of Jacob ? Is it not 
Samaria ? And what are the high 
places of Judah ? Are they not 
Jerusalem ? Therefore I will make 
Samaria as an heap of stones in the 
field, when as a vineyard is planted ; 
and I will pour down the stones 
thereof into the valley, and I will 
discover the foundations thereof. 



The Name. 



VOL. IV. 



Second Responsory. 
Look down, O Lord, &c., (p. 286.) 

Third Lesson. 

AND all the graven images thereof 
^^ shall be beaten to pieces, and 
all the hires thereof shall be burnt 
with fire, and all the idols thereof 
will I lay desolate ; for she gathered 
it of the hire of an harlot, and they 
shall return to the hire of an harlot. 
Therefore I will wail and howl ; I 
will go stripped and naked ; I will 
make a wailing like the jackals, 2 
and mourning as [the chickens of] 
the ostrich ; for her wound is incur 
able, for it is come unto Judah, it 
is come unto the gate of my people, 
even to Jerusalem. 

Third Responsory. 
Consider, O Lord, &c., (/. 286.) 

SECOND NOCTURN. 
Fottrth Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Sermon 
of St Basil the Great, [Archbishop 
of Caesarea-in-Pontus,] upon the 
Thirty-third Psalm. 

VfyTHENEVER the desire to sin 
cometh over thee, I would 
that thou couldest think of the awful 
and overwhelming judgment-seat of 
Christ. There the Judge shall sit 
upon a throne high and lifted up. 
Every creature shall stand before 
Him, quaking" because of the glory 
of His presence. There are we 
to be led up, one by one, to give 
account for those things which we 
have done in life. Presently there 
will be found, by the sides of those 
who have in life wrought much evil, 

2 Dracones. Heb. Tanim. 
L 2 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



dreadful and hideous angels with 
faces of fire, and burning breath, ap 
pointed thereto, and showing their 
evil will, in appearance like the 
night, in their despair and hatred of 
mankind. 

FonrtJi Responsory. 
I have set watchmen, &c., (p. 287.) 

Fifth Lesson. 

n^HINK again of the bottomless 
pit, the impenetrable darkness, 
the lightless fire, burning, but not 
glowing ; the poisonous mass of 
worms, preying upon the flesh, ever 
feeding, and never filled, causing by 
their gnawing unbearable agony ; 
lastly, the greatest punishment of 
all, shame and confusion for ever. 
Have a dread of these things, and 
let that dread correct thee, and be 
as a curb to thy mind to hold it in 
from the hankering after sin. 

Fifth Responsory. 
Hedge us about, &c., (p. 287.) 

Sixth Lesson. 

"THIS fear of the Lord the Prophet 
hath promised to teach. But 
he hath not promised to teach it to 
all, but only to such as will hear 
him ; not to such as have fallen far 
away, but to such as run to him, 
hungry for salvation, not to such as 
have no part in the promises, but 
to such as by baptism are born 
children of adoption, set at peace 
and oneness with the Word. "Come, 
ye children," saith he, that is to say, 
Draw nigh unto me by good works, 
all ye who by the new birth have 
become the worthy children of light, 



"hearken unto me," all ye who 
have the ears of your heart opened, 
" I will teach you the fear of the 
LORD," even the fear of that Being 
of Whom we have just been speaking. 

Sixth Responsory. 
We looked for peace, &c., (p. 288.) 

THIRD NOCTURN. 

Seventh Responsory. 
Blessed is the people, c., (p. 288.) 

Eighth Responsory. 
One Seraph cried, c., (p. 216.) 



Second Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

Here beginneth the Book of the 
Prophet Nahum 1 (i. I.) 

^THE burden of Nineveh. The 
Book of the vision of Nahum 
the Elkoshite. God is jealous, and 
the LORD revengeth. The LORD re- 
vengeth Him upon His enemies, and 
is furious upon His adversaries. The 
LORD is slow to anger, and great 
in power, and will not at all acquit 
the wicked. The LORD hath His 
way in the whirlwind and in the 
storm, and the clouds are the dust 
of His feet. He rebuketh the sea, 
and maketh it dry, and drieth up 
all the rivers. 

First Responsory. 
He hath redeemed, &c., (p. 288.) 



* " Already," says St Jerome, (quoted by Abp. Kenrick,) " the ten tribes had been led into 
captivity whilst Hezekiah was King of Juda ; in whose reign the vision concerning Nineveh, 
which is here recorded, was seen, for the consolation of the people in exile." 



FIFTH WEEK OF NOVEMBER. 



319 



Second Lesson. 

"DAS HAN languisheth, and Carmel, 
and the flower of Lebanon. 
The mountains quake at Him, and 
the hills melt, and the earth trem- 
bleth at His presence, yea, the world, 
and all that dwell therein. Who can 
stand before His indignation? and 
who can abide in the fierceness of 
His anger ? His fury is poured out 
like fire, and the rocks are thrown 
down by Him. 

Second Responsory. 
I am straitened, &c., (p. 289.) 

Third Lesson. 

H^HE LORD is good, a strong-hold 
in the day of trouble, and He 
knoweth them that trust in Him. 
But with an over-running flood He 
will make an utter end of the place 
thereof, 1 and darkness shall pursue 
His enemies. What do ye imagine 
against the LORD ? He will make 
an utter end ; affliction shall not rise 
up a second time. For while they 
be folden together as thorns, they 
are drunken as drunkards ; they 
shall be devoured as stubble fully 
dry. 

Third Responsory. 

The Lord hath sent, c., (p. 289.) 



"THE burden which Habakkuk the 
Prophet did see. O LORD, 
how long shall I cry, and Thou wilt 
not hear ? Even cry out unto Thee, 
of violence, and Thou wilt not save ? 
Why dost Thou show me iniquity 
and grievance, and cause me to be 
hold before me spoiling and violence? 
And there is strife, and perverseness 
hath the better part. Therefore the 
law is broken, and justice doth never 
attain unto execution ; for the wicked 
doth compass about the righteous, 
therefore wrong judgment proceedeth. 

First Responsory. 
Before the face, &c., (p. 289.) 

Second Lesson. 

"DEHOLD ye among the heathen, 
and regard, and wonder mar 
vellously. For a work is worked in 
your days, which no man will be 
lieve when it be told him. For, lo, 
I raise up the Chaldeans, that bitter 
and hasty nation, which shall march 
through the breadth of the land, to 
possess the dwellings that are not 
theirs. They are terrible and dreadful. 
Their judgment and decree shall pro 
ceed of themselves. 

Second Responsory. 
Fence Thou this city, &c., (p. 290.) 



Third Lesson. 

"THEIR horses are swifter than the 
leopards, and are more fierce 
than the evening wolves, and their 
horsemen shall spread themselves. 
For their horsemen shall come from 
Here beginneth the Book of the afar ; they shall fly as the eagle that 



Third Day. 



MATTINS. 



First Lesson. 



Prophet Habakkuk 2 (i. I. 



hasteth to eat. They shall come all 



1 I.e. , of Nineveh. 

2 Abp. Kenrick says that Habakkuk "appears to have begun to prophesy in the rdgn of 
Jehoiakim, King of Juda ... he continued to prophesy under Jehoiachin and Zedeldah." 



3 20 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



to spoil ; their faces shall sup up as 
the east wind ; and they shall gather 
the captivity as the sand. And they 
shall scoff at the Kings, and the 
Princes shall be a scorn unto them ; 
they shall deride every strong-hold, for 
they shall cast a mound, and take it. 

Third Responsory. 

O Lord God ! have mercy, &c., (/. 
290.) 



Fourth Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

Here beginneth the Book of the Pro 
phet Zephaniah l (i. i.) 

HP HE word of the LORD which came 
unto Zephaniah, the son of Cushi, 
the son of Gedaliah, the son of 
Amariah, the son of Hizkiah, in the 
days of Josiah, the son of Amon, King 
of Judah. I will utterly consume all 
things from off the land, saith the 
LORD, I will consume man and beast 
I will consume the fowls of the 
heaven, and the fishes of the sea. 
And the wicked shall come to ruin. 
And I will cut off man from off the 
land, saith the LORD. 

First Responsory. 
I will show thee, &c., (p. 290.) 



keepers and priests, and them that 
worship the host of heaven upon the 
house-tops, and them that worship and 
that swear by the LORD, and that 
swear by Malcom. 2 And them that 
are turned back from the LORD, and 
those that have not sought the LORD, 
nor enquired for Him. 

Second Responsory. 
I am straitened, &c., (p. 289.) 

Third Lesson. 

TT OLD your peace at the presence 
of the Lord Goo, 3 for the day 
of the LORD is at hand ; for the LORD 
hath prepared a sacrifice, He hath 
hallowed His guests. And it shall 
come to pass, in the day of the LORD S 
sacrifice, that I will visit the Princes 
and the King s children, and all such 
as are clothed with strange apparel ; 
in the same day also will I visit all 
those that enter insolently on the 
threshold which fill the house of the 
Lord their God with violence and 
deceit. 

Third Responsory. 

The Lord hath sent, &c., (p. 289.) 



Fifth Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 



Second Lesson. 
T WILL also stretch out Mine hand 



Here beginneth the Book of the Pro 
phet Haggai 4 (i. i.) 

upon Judah, and upon all the in- T N the second year of Darius the 

habitants of Jerusalem ; and I will King, in the sixth month, in the 

cut off the remnant of Baal from this first day of the month, came the word 

place, and the name of the temple- of the LORD, by the hand of Haggai 

1 Latin, Sophonias. 

2 Probably the same as the beastly idol more commonly called Moloch. 

3 The Name. 

4 This Prophet and Zechariah both prophesied after the return from the captivity, to encour 
age the Jews in the re-building of the Temple. 



FIFTH WEEK OF NOVEMBER. 



321 



the Prophet, unto Zerubbabel, the son 
of Sheltiel, Governor of Judah, and to 
Joshua, the son of Josedech, the High 
Priest, saying : Thus speaketh the 
LORD of hosts, saying : This people 
say, The time is not come that the 
LORD S house should be built. 

First Responsory. 
I saw the Lord, &c., (p. 286.) 

Second Lesson. 

"FHEN came the word of the LORD 
by the hand of Haggai the Pro 
phet, saying : Is it time for you to 
dwell in ceiled houses, and this house 
lie waste ? Now, therefore, thus saith 
the LORD of hosts : Consider your 
ways. Ye have sown much, and 
brought in little ; ye have eaten, but 
have not enough ; ye have drunk, but 
ye are not drunken ; ye have clothed 
you, but ye are not warm ; and he 
that hath earned wages hath put them 
into a bag with holes. 

Second Responsory. 
Look down, O Lord, &c., (p. 286.) 

Third Lesson. 

n^HUS saith the LORD of hosts: 
Consider your ways ; go up to 
the mountain, and bring wood, and 
build the house ; and I will take 
pleasure in it, and I will be glorified, 
saith the LORD. Ye looked for much, 
and, lo, it came to little ; and ye did 
bring it home, and I blew it away ; 
why, saith the LORD of hosts ? Be 
cause of Mine house that is waste, and 
ye run every man unto his own house. 
Therefore the heaven over you is 
stayed from dew, and the earth is 
stayed from her fruit. 

Third Responsory. 
Consider, O Lord &c., (p. 286.) 



Sixth Day. 

MATTINS. 

First Lesson. 

Here beginneth the Book of the Pro 
phet Zechariah (i. i.) 

T N the eighth month, in the second 
year of Darius the King, came the 
word of the LORD unto Zechariah, the 
son of Berechiah, the son of Iddo, the 
Prophet, saying : The LORD hath 
been sore displeased with your fathers. 
And thou shalt say unto them : Thus 
saith the LORD of hosts : Turn ye 
unto Me, saith the LORD of hosts ; 
and I will turn unto you, saith the 
LORD of hosts. 



First Responsory. 
I have set watchmen, &c., (p. 287.) 

Second Lesson. 

IDE ye not as your fathers, unto 
*"* whom the former Prophets cried, 
saying : Thus saith the LORD of hosts : 
Turn ye from your evil ways, and from 
your vile thoughts ; but they did not 
hear, nor hearken unto Me, saith the 
LORD. Your fathers where are they ? 
And the Prophets shall they live for 



ever 



Second Responsory. 



Hedge us about, &c., (p. 287.) 

Third Lesson. 

"OUT My words, and My statutes, 
*-* which I commanded My servants 
the Prophets, did they not take hold 
of your fathers ? And they returned, 
and said : Like as the LORD of hosts 
thought to do unto us according to our 
ways, and according to our inventions, 
so hath He dealt with us. 



J22 



THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON. 



Third Responsory. 
We looked for peace, &c., (p. 2 



The Sabbath. 

MATTINS. 
First Lesson. 

Here beginneth the Book of the Pro 
phet Malachi l (i. i.) 

HTHE burden of the word of the 
LORD to Israel by the hand of 
Malachi. I have loved you, saith the 
LORD, and ye say : Wherein hast 
Thou loved us ? Was not Esau 
Jacob s brother, saith the LORD, yet 
I loved Jacob, and I hated Esau, and 
laid his mountains waste, and gave his 
heritage unto the savage beasts of the 
\yilderness ? Whereas Edom saith : 
We are impoverished, but we will 
return and build the desolate places 
thus saith the LORD of hosts : They 
shall build, but I will throw down ; 
and they shall be called the borders 
of wickedness, and the people against 
whom the LORD hath indignation for 
ever. 

r First Responsory. 
Blessed is the people, &c., (p. 288.) 

Second Lesson. 

A ND your eyes shall see, and ye 
*"*" shall say : Let the LORD be 
magnified upon the border of Israel. 
A son honoureth his father, and a 
servant his master ; if then I be a 
Father, where is Mine honour ? And 
if I be a Master, where is Mfy fear ? 



Saith the LORD of hosts unto you, O 
Priests that despise My Name, and 
that say : Wherein have we despised 
Thy Name ? Ye offer polluted bread 
upon Mine Altar, and ye say: Wherein 
have we polluted Thee ? In that 
ye say : The table of the LORD is 
contemptible. 

Second Responsory. 
I am straitened, &c., (p. 289.) 

Third Lesson. 

T F you offer the blind for sacrifice, 
is it not evil ? And if ye offer 
the lame and sick, is it not evil ? Offer 
it now unto thy governor ; will he be 
pleased with thee, or accept thy 
person ? saith the LORD of hosts. 
And now beseech the face of God, 
that He will be gracious unto you, 
(for this hath been by your means,) 
if so be He will anywise accept your 
persons, saith the LORD of hosts. 
Who is there among you that would 
shut the doors for nought, or kindle 
fire on Mine Altar for nought ? I 
have no pleasure in you, saith the 
LORD of hosts, neither will I accept 
an offering at your hand. For from 
the rising of the sun even unto the 
going down of the same, My Name 
shall be great among the Gentiles ; 
and in every place incense and a pure 
offering shall be offered unto My 
Name, for My Name shall be great 
among the heathen, saith the LORD of 
hosts. 

Third Responsory. 

The Lord hath sent, &c., (/. 289.) 
With Vespers begins Advent. 



1 " This book," says Abp. Kenrick, " was composed after the erection of the second Temple 
.... it is assigned to a time subsequent to [Nehemiah s] second return from Persia to Canaan, 
namely, after the 32nd year of Artaxerxes Longimanus." The writer appears as the last of the 
Prophets, and whether Malachi i.e., " Messenger of the LORD" is really a proper name or a 
title, seems uncertain. 



323 



, $omtlte$, antr osptl 

jFor Suntiaus, 

///* Eleventh to the Twenty-third after Pentecost, both inclusive, and 
for the Sunday next before Advent. 



ISlebenti) lor* * 5iag after 



Prayer. 

A LMIGHTY and everlasting God, 
" Who art always more ready to 
hear than we to pray, and art wont to 
give more than either we desire or 
deserve, pour down upon us the abund 
ance of Thy mercy, forgiving us 
those things whereof our conscience is 
afraid, and giving us those good things 
which we are not worthy to ask. 
Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy 
Son, Who liveth and reigneth with 
Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, 
one God, world without end. Amen. 

Lessons for the Third Nocturn. 
Seventh Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Holy 
Gospel according to Mark (vii. 31.) 

A T that time : JESUS, departing 
^ from the coasts of Tyre and 
Sidon, came unto the sea of Galilee, 
through the midst of the coasts of 
Decapolis. And so on. 

Homily by Pope St Gregory [the 
Great.] (Horn. x. Bk. i. on Ezekiel.} 



What signifieth it that when God, 
the Maker of all, would heal a deaf 
and dumb man, "He put His Fin 
gers into his ears, and He spit, and 
touched his tongue ? " What is figured 
by the Fingers of the Redeemer but 
the gifts of the Holy Ghost ? Hence 
it is written in another place (Luke 
xi. 20) that after He had cast out an 
evil spirit, He said : " If I with the 
finger of God cast out devils, no 
doubt the kingdom of God is come 
upon you " which words are thus 
given by another Evangelist (Matth. 

xii. 28) : " If I cast out devils by 

the Spirit of God, then the kingdom 
of God is come unto you." By set 
ting these two passages together we 
see that the Spirit is called the 
Finger. For our Lord, then, to 
put His Fingers into the deaf man s 
ears was by the gift of the Holy 
Spirit to enlighten his dark mind 
unto obedience. 

Eighth Lesson. 

WHAT signifieth it also that "He 
spit and touched his tongue " ? 
We receive spittle out of the Re 
deemer s mouth upon our tongues 
when we receive wisdom to speak 
God s truth. Spittle is a secretion 



324 



PRAYERS, HOMILIES, AND 



of the head which floweth into the 
mouth. And so, that wisdom, which 
is Himself, the great Head of His 
Church, as soon as it hath touched 
our tongue, doth straightway take 
the form of preaching. "And look 
ing up to heaven, He sighed," not 
that He had any need to sigh, Who 
gave whatsoever He asked, but that 
He was fain to teach us to look up 
and sigh toward Him Whose throne 
is in heaven, confessing our need, 
that our ears should be opened by 
the gift of the Holy Spirit, and our 
tongue loosed by the spittle of our 
Saviour s Mouth, that is, by know 
ledge of His Divine Word, before 
we can use it to preach to others. 

Ninth Lesson. 



Stfoelftlj ILortr g 

Pentecost. 

Prayer. 



after 



unt 
phatha that is : Be opened. 

And straightway his ears were opened, 
and the string of his tongue was 
loosed." Herein we must remark 
the command, "Be opened" was 
addressed to the deaf ears, but the 
tongue also was immediately loosed. 
Just so, when the ears of a man s 
heart have been opened to learn the 
obedience of faith, the string of his 
tongue also is thereupon loosed, that 
he may exhort others to do the good 
things which himself doth. It is 
well added: "And he spake plain." 
He only doth well preach obedience 
to others who hath first learnt him 
self to obey. 

Antiphon at the Song of Zacharias. 
When the Lord had departed from 
the coasts of Tyre, * He made both 
the deaf to hear and the dumb to 
speak. 

Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed 
Virgin. He hath done all things 
well, * He maketh both the deaf to 
hear and the dumb to speak. 



ALMIGHTY and merciful God, of 
Whose only gift it cometh that 
Thy faithful people do unto Thee 
true and laudable service, grant, we 
beseech Thee, that we may so faith 
fully serve Thee in this life, that we 
fail not finally to attain Thy heavenly 
promises. Through our Lord JESUS 
Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and 
reigneth with Thee, in the unity of 
the Holy Ghost, one God, world 
without end. Amen. 



Lessons for the Third Nocturn. 
Seventh Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Holy 
Gospel according to Luke (x. 23.) 

AT that time : JESUS said unto 
His disciples : Blessed are the 
eyes which see the things that ye 
see. For I tell you that many pro 
phets and kings have desired to see 
those things which ye see, and have 
not seen them. And so on. 

Homily by the Venerable Bede, 
Priest [at Jarrow.] (Bk. iii. ch. 43 
on Luke x. ) 

Blessed were the eyes not of 
Scribes and Pharisees, which saw 
but the Body of the Lord, but those 
eyes, eyes blessed indeed, which 
were able to see those things whereof 
it is written : " Thou hast hid these 
things from the wise and prudent, 
and hast revealed them unto babes." 
Blessed are the eyes of those little 
ones unto whom it seemeth good in 
the eyes of the Son to reveal Him 
self and the Father also. Abraham 
rejoiced to see the day of Christ ; 



GOSPEL ANTIPHONS FOR SUNDAYS. 



325 



and he saw it, and was glad. (John 
viii. 56.) Isaiah, and Micah, and 
many among the Prophets, saw the 
glory of the Lord, wherefore also 
they be called Seers, but all they 
beheld it and hailed it afar off, see 
ing but as through a glass, darkly, 
(i Cor. xiii. 12.) 

Eighth Lesson. 

QTHERWISE were the Apostles, 
^-^ who saw the Lord face to Face, 
eating with Him, and learning from 
Him by asking whatsoever they listed. 
For them there was no need to be 
taught by Angels, or the shifting 
fabric of visions. They whom Luke 
doth call Prophets and kings, Mat 
thew nameth as "Prophets and 
righteous men " (xiii. 17.) Righteous 
men are indeed mighty kings, who 
know how to lord it over their own 
rebellious temptations, instead of fall 
ing under them to become their 
slaves. 

Ninth Less o?i. 

" AND, behold, a certain lawyer 
** stood up, and tempted Him, 
saying : Master, what shall I do to 
inherit eternal life ? " This lawyer, 
who stood up to ask the Lord a 
tempting question touching eternal 
life, took the subject of his asking, 
as I think, from the words which the 
Lord had just uttered, when He said : 
" Rejoice, because your names are 
written in heaven" (20.) But his 
attempt was a proof of the truth of 
that which the Lord immediately 
added : " I thank Thee, O Father, 
Lord of heaven and earth, that Thou 
hast hid these things from the wise 
and prudent, and hast revealed them 
unto babes ! " 

Antiphon at the Song of Zacharias. 
Master, what shall I do * to inherit 
eternal life ? He said unto him : 



What is written in the law ? How 
readest thou ? And he, answering, 
said : Thou shalt love the Lord thy 
God with all thy heart. Alleluia. 

Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed 
Virgin. A certain man went down 
from Jerusalem * to Jericho, and fell 
among thieves, which stripped him 
of his raiment, and wounded him, 
and departed, leaving him half dead. 



ILortT* Jiag aftrr 



Prayer. 

A LMIGHTY and everlasting God, 
^~*~ give unto us the increase of 
faith, hope, and charity, and that we 
may worthily obtain that which Thou 
dost promise, make us to love that 
which Thou dost command. Through 
our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who 
liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the 
unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, 
world without end. Amen. 

Lessons for the Third Nocturn. 
Seventh Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Holy 
Gospel according to Luke (xvii. 1 1.) 

TT came to pass, as JESUS went to 
Jerusalem, that He passed through 
the midst of Samaria and Galilee. 
And, as He entered into a certain 
village, there met Him ten men that 
were lepers. And so on. 

Homily by St Austin, Bishop [of 
Hippo.] (Bk. ii. Gospel Questions, ch. 
40.) 

The ten lepers "lifted up their 
voices and said : JESUS, Master, have 
mercy on us. And when He saw 



326 



PRAYERS, HOMILIES, AND 



them, He said unto them : Go, show 
yourselves unto the Priests. And it 
came to pass that, as they went, they 
were cleansed." Question : why did 
the Lord send them unto the Priests, 
that, as they went, they might be 
cleansed ? Lepers were the only 
class among those upon whose bodies 
He worked mercy, whom we find that 
He sent unto the Priests. It is writ 
ten in another place that He said to 
a leper whom He had cleansed : 
"Go, and show thyself to the Priest, 
and offer for thy cleansing according 
as Moses commanded, for a testimony 
unto them" (Luke v. 14, Lev. xiv. 
i et seq.} We ask then, of what 
leprosy was a type, whereof they that 
were ridded were called, not "healed," 
but " cleansed." It is a disease which 
doth first appear in the skin, but de- 
stroyeth not immediately the strength, 
nor the use of feeling and the limbs. 

Eighth Lesson. 

~DY lepers, therefore, we may not 
absurdly suppose such to be 
figured as have not the knowledge of 
the true faith, but do show forth divers 
parti-coloured teachings of error. 
They hide not their witlessness, but do 
use all such wit as they have to make 
it manifest, and proclaim it in high- 
sounding phrases. There is no false 
doctrine but hath some truth mixed 
up with it. A man s discourse then, 
with some truths in it unequally 
mingled with falsehoods, and all con 
founded in one mass, is like to the 
body of one that is stricken with 
leprosy, whereon all manner of foul 
colours do appear in this and that 
place along with the true colour of 
skin. 

Ninth Lesson. 

CUCH men as these are banished 

out of the walls of the Church, to 

the end that haply when they stand 



afar off they may lift up their voices 
and cry to Christ for pardon, just as 
those ten men that were lepers, which 
stood afar off, outside the village, 
lifted up their voices and said : 
" JESUS, Master, have mercy on us." 
That they styled Him Master, by 
which title I know not if any besought 
the Lord for bodily healing, I think 
doth sufficiently show that leprosy 
signifieth false doctrine, whereof the 
Good Master doth cleanse us. 

Antiphon at the Song of Zacharias. 
As JESUS passed through * a certain 
village, there met Him ten men that 
were lepers, which stood afar off; and 
they lifted up their voices, and said : 
" JESUS, Master, have mercy on us." 

Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed 
Virgin. And one of them, * when he 
saw that he was healed, turned back, 
and with a loud voice glorified God. 
Alleluia. 



Joiirteentfj ILorfc s Bag after 



Prayer. 

T7" EEP, we beseech Thee, O Lord, 
Thy Church with Thy perpetual 
mercy, and because the frailty of man 
without Thee cannot but fall, keep us 
ever by Thy help from all things hurt 
ful, and lead us to all things pro 
fitable to our salvation. Through our 
Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who 
liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the 
unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, 
world without end. Amen. 

Lessons for the Third Nocturn. 
Seventh Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Holy 
Gospel according to Matthew (vi. 
240 



GOSPEL ANTIPHONS FOR SUNDAYS. 



327 



A T that time : JESUS said unto His 
~T disciples : No man can serve 
two masters. And so on. 

Homily by St Austin, Bishop [of 
Hippo.] (Bk. ii. on the Lord s Sermon 
on the Mount, ch. xiv. ) 

" No man can serve two masters," 
and this is further explained " for 
either he will hate the one, and love 
the other ; or else he will hold to the 
one, and despise the other." These 
words we ought carefully to weigh, for 
the Lord showeth straightway who be 
the two masters whom we have choice 
of: "Ye cannot serve God and Mam 
mon." Mammon is a term which the 
Hebrews are said to use for riches. 
It is also a Carthaginian word ; for 
the Punic for "gain" is "mammon." 

Eighth Lesson. 

TT E which serveth mammon, serveth 
that evil one who hath per 
versely chosen to be lord of these 
earthly things, and is called by the 
Lord "the prince of this world." 
(John xiv. 30.) Of these two masters, 
either a man will hate the one and 
love the other, that is God or he will 
hold to the one and despise the other. 
He which serveth mammon holdeth 
to an hard and destroying master, for 
he is led captive by his lust, and sold 
a slave to the devil, and him loveth 
no man is there any man that loveth 
the devil ? And yet there be that 
hold to him. 

Ninth Lesson. 

"^THEREFORE, I say unto you, 
*- Take no thought for your life, 
what ye shall eat, or what ye shall 
drink ; nor yet for your body, what ye 
shall put on " lest, albeit such things 
are not idle, but needful to be sought 
after, yet the seeking for things even 
needful should divide the heart ; and 



our intention should be corrupted when 
we do something as it were mercifully ; 
that is, lest, when we would seem to 
be seeking another s good, it should 
be profit to ourselves, rather than 
benefit to him, that we seek ; and 
therefore we seem not to ourselves to 
sin, because we would seek things not 
idle, but needful. 

AntipJion at the Song of Zacharias. 
Take no thought, saying : What shall 
we eat ? * or, What shall we drink ? 
For your Father knoweth what things 
ye have need of. Alleluia. 

Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed 
Virgin. Seek ye first the kingdom of 
God * and His righteousness, and all 
these things shall be added unto you. 
Alleluia. 



JFiftemtfj ILorlf* Bag after 
pentecost. 

Prayer. 

C\ LORD, we beseech Thee, let Thy 
^-^ continual pity cleanse and de 
fend Thy Church, and because it can 
not continue in safety without Thy 
succour, preserve it evermore by Thy 
help and goodness. Through our 
Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who 
liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the 
unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, 
world without end. Amen. 

Lessons for the Third Nocturn. 
Seventh Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Holy 
Gospel according to Luke (vii. 1 1.) 

AT that time: JESUS went into a 
city called Nain ; and His dis 
ciples went with Him, and much people. 
And so on. 



PRAYERS, HOMILIES, AND 



Homily by St Austin, Bishop [of 
Hippo.] (44//z Discourse on the Words 
of the Lord.} 

That her son was called again to 
life was the joy of that widowed 
mother ; that souls of men are every 
day called to life is the joy of our 
Mother the Church. He was dead in 
body ; they have been dead in mind. 
His death was outward, and was out 
wardly bewailed ; their inward death 
hath been neither mourned for nor 
seen. But He hath sought for them, 
Who hath seen that they are dead, 
and He only hath seen that they 
are dead, Who hath been able to 
make them alive. If He had not 
come to raise the dead, the Apostle 
had not said: "Awake, thou that 
sleepest, and arise from the dead, 
and Christ shall give thee light." 
(Eph. v. 14.) 



Eighth Lesson. 

find written how the Lord raised 
from the dead three persons 
visibly, but thousands invisibly. But 
how many they may have been whom 
He raised visibly, who knoweth ? For 
all the things which He did are not 
written. John saith thus : " There are 
also many other things which JESUS 
did, the which, if they should be 
written every one, I suppose that even 
the world itself could not contain the 
books that should be written." (xxi. 
25.) There were then, doubtless, 
many more raised to life, but it is not 
meaningless that three are recorded. 
For our Lord JESUS Christ hath willed 
that those things which He did carnally, 
we should understand also spiritually. 
He worked not miracles only for the 
sake of working wonders, but that His 
works might be at once wonderful to 
them that beheld, and true to them 
that understand them. 



Ninth Lesson. 

T7VEN as one that looketh upon a 
scroll right fairly written, and 
knoweth not how to read therein, 
praiseth the hand of the old scribe 
when he seeth the beauty of the points, 
but what it saith, what those points 
mean, he knoweth not, and praiseth 
by the eye, without understanding by 
the mind, and as, on the other hand, 
he that can not only gaze on it, as can 
all men, but also can read it, praiseth 
the penmanship, and catcheth the 
sense likewise, which the unlearned 
cannot do : even so, there were some 
that saw the miracles which Christ 
did, and understood not what they 
meant, nor what they, as it were, 
hinted to such as did understand them, 
and these only marvelled to see them 
wrought. And other some there were 
which saw the works, and marvelled, 
and understood them, and profited by 
them. And it is as these last that we 
ought to be in the school of Christ. 

Antiphon at the Song of Zacharias. 
JESUS went into a city called Nain ; * 
and, behold, there was a dead man 
carried out, the only son of his mother. 

Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed 
Virgin. A great prophet is risen up 
among us ; * and God hath visited 
His people. 



Horn s liag after 
Pentecost. 

Prayer. 

T ORD, we pray Thee that Thy grace 
may always prevent and follow 
us, and make us continually to be 
given to all good works. Through 
our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who 
liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the 
unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, 
world without end. Amen. 



GOSPEL ANTIPHONS FOR SUNDAYS. 



329 



Lessons for the Third Nocturn, 
Seventh Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Holy 
Gospel according to Luke (xiv. i.) 

A T that time : As JESUS went into 
^^ the house of one of the chief 
Pharisees, to eat bread on the 
Sabbath-day, they watched Him. 
And, behold, there was a certain man 
before Him, which had the dropsy. 
And so on. 

Homily by St Ambrose, Bishop [of 
Milan.] (Bk. vii. on Luke xiv.) 

Now is healed this man sick of the 
dropsy, in whom too much watery 
matter had well-nigh drowned the 
functions of life, and quenched the 
fire of understanding. Anon, a lesson 
is given in lowly-mindedness, when it 
is forbidden to the guests at a mar 
riage feast to go and sit down unasked 
in the highest room, albeit the Lord 
spake gently, that the teaching of 
courtesy might forestall a harsh rebuke, 
reason prevail by dint of persuasion, 
and the desires be bent to follow the 
instruction. And upon this, as next- 
door neighbour, cometh courtesy, which 
is so called by the Lord, when it is 
shown to the poor and weak, since to 
show it to them from whom we are to 
receive aught, is but a movement of 
self-interest. 

Eighth Lesson. 

T ASTLY, as to a soldier that hath 
served his full time, is appor 
tioned a reward for esteeming lightly 
of riches : so he only can inherit the 
kingdom of God, whose soul is not 
given to seek after lower ends, and 
who purchaseth not to himself earthly 
possessions ; whereas the Lord saith : 
" Sell that thou hast, and follow Me." 
(Matth. xix. 21.) Neither can he 
gain it that buyeth oxen, which beasts 



Elisha slew and gave unto the people. 
(3 Kings xix. 21.) Neither can he 
win it which hath married a wife and 
therefore cannot come, for "he that is 
unmarried careth for the things that 
belong to the Lord, how he may 
please the Lord ; but he that is 
married careth for the things that are 
of the world, how he may please his 
wife." (i Cor. vii. 32, 33.) Not that 
this is to be taken for blame of 
marriage, but only that virginity is the 
more honourable way, since " the un 
married woman " and the widow 
"careth for the things of the Lord, 
that she may be holy both in body 
and in spirit." (34.) 

Ninth Lesson. 

TDUT in all fairness, having thus 
spoken concerning widows, let 
us betake ourselves again among the 
married, and join with them in enter 
taining the opinion which is held by 
so many, that there are only three 
classes of men who are shut out from 
the great supper named in the gospel, 
which three classes are Heathens, 
Jews, and Heretics. And therefore it 
is that the Apostle warneth us that we 
"walk not as other Gentiles walk," in 
malice and bitterness, and uncleanness, 
and covetousness, and so have no 
entry into the kingdom of Christ, since 
"no unclean person, nor covetous man, 
who is an idolater, hath any inherit 
ance in the kingdom of Christ and of 
God." (Eph. iv. 17, v. 5.) 

Antiphon at the Song of Zacharias. 
As JESUS went into the house * of one 
of the chief Pharisees, to eat bread on 
the Sabbath Day, behold, there was a 
certain man before Him which had the 
dropsy ; and He took him, and healed 
him, and let him go. 

Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed 
Virgin. When thou art bidden * of 



330 



PRAYERS, HOMILIES, AND 



any man to a wedding, go and sit 
down in the lowest room, that he that 
bade thee may say : Friend, go up 
higher, then shalt thou have worship 
in the presence of them that sit at 
meat with thee. Alleluia. 



Sebenteentlj EorlTs JBag after 
Pentecost 

Prayer. 

T ORD, we beseech Thee, grant Thy 
people grace to withstand the 
temptations of the devil, and with 
pure hearts to follow Thee the only 
God. Through our Lord JESUS Christ 
Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth 
with Thee, in the unity of the Holy 
Ghost, one God, world without end. 
Amen. 

Lessons for the Third Nocturn. 
Seventh Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Holy 
Gospel according to Matthew (xxii. 
35-) 

A T that time : the Pharisees came 
unto JESUS, and one of them, 
which was a lawyer, asked Him a 
question, tempting Him, saying : 
Master, which is the great command 
ment in the Law ? And so on. 

Homily by St John Chrysostom, 
Patriarch [of Constantinople.] (jzjid 
on Matthew.} 

When the Pharisees had heard that 
Christ had put the Sadducees to silence, 
they gathered themselves together for 
a fresh attack ; just when it behoved 
them to be quiet, they willed to con 
tend ; and so they put forward one of 
themselves who professed skill in the 



law, not wishing to learn, but to lay 
a snare. This person therefore pro 
posed the question: "Which is the 
great commandment in the law ? " 
The first and great commandment is : 
"Thou shalt love the LORD thy God," 
but they expected that He would make 
some exception or addition to this in 
His Own case, since He made Himself 
God. (John x. 33.) With this ex 
pectation they asked Him the quest 
ion ; but what said Christ ? To show 
that they had adopted this course, 
because they were loveless, and sick 
with envy, He answered : "Thou shalt 
love the Lord thy God with all thy 
heart, and with all thy soul, and with 
all thy mind. This is the first and 
great commandment. And the second 
is like unto it : Thou shalt love thy 
neighbour as thyself." 

Eighth Lesson. 

Y is this second commandment 
like unto the first ? Because 
the first is the second s source and 
sanction. " For every one that doeth 
evil hateth the light, neither cometh to 
the light." (John iii. 20.) And 
again : " The fool hath said in his 
heart : There is no God " and there 
folio weth : " They are corrupt, and 
become abominable in their works." 
(Ps. xiii. i.) And yet again: "The 
love of money is the root of all evil ; 
which while some coveted after, they 
have erred from the faith." (i Tim. 
vi. 10.) And yet once more: " If ye 
love Me, keep My commandments," 
(John xiv. 15,) of which command 
ments the head and root is : " Thou 
shalt love the Lord thy God ; and thy 
neighbour as thyself." 

Ninth Lesson. 

T F, therefore, to love God is to love 

our neighbour also, (as it appear- 

eth where it is written : " Simon, son 



GOSPEL ANTIPHONS FOR SUNDAYS. 



331 



of Jonas, lovest thou Me ? And he 
said unto Him : Lord, Thou knowest 
all things ; Thou knowest that I love 
Thee. JESUS saith unto him : Feed 
My sheep," John xxi. 17,) and if 
" love is the fulfilling of the law," 
(Rom. xiii. 10,) justly doth the Lord 
say that " on these two command 
ments hang all the law and the 
Prophets." And even as when, before 
this, (23-32,) being interrogated about 
the Resurrection, He answered them 
more than they asked, so, now, being 
interrogated concerning the first and 
great commandment, He answereth 
them, of His own accord, touching 
that second one also, which is little 
lower than the first, for " the second 
is like unto it." Herein He would 
have them understand that it was 
hatred stirred them up to question 
Him. For "Charity," saith the 
Apostle, " envieth not." ( i Cor. 
xiii. 4.) 

Antiphon at the Song of Zacharias. 
Master, which is the great command 
ment * in the law? JESUS said unto 
him : Thou shalt love the Lord thy 
God with all thy heart. Alleluia. 

Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed 
Virgin. What think ye of Christ ? 
Whose Son is He ? * They say all 
unto Him : The Son of David. JESUS 
saith unto them : How then doth David 
in spirit call Him Lord, saying, The 
Lord said unto my Lord, Sit Thou at 
My right hand ? 



SLorfc g JBag after 



much as without Thee we are not 
able to please Thee. Through our 
Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who 
liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the 
unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, 
world without end. Amen. 



Lessons for the Third No c turn. 
Seventh Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Holy 
Gospel according to Matthew (ix. i.) 

A T that time : JESUS entered into a 
^^ ship, and passed over, and came 
into His own city. And so on. 

Homily by St Peter Chrysologus, 
Archbishop [of Ravenna.] {Sermon 

50.) 

This day s reading hath shown us 
an instance of how Christ, in those 
things which He did as Man, worked 
deep works of God, and by things 
which were seen wrought things which 
were not seen. The Evangelist saith : 
JESUS " entered into a ship, and passed 
over, and came into His Own city." 
Was not This He Who had once 
parted the waves hither and thither, 
and made the dry ground appear at 
the bottom of the sea, so that His 
people Israel passed dry-shod between 
masses of water standing still, as 
through an hollow glen in a moun 
tain ? Was not This He Who made 
the depths of the sea solid under the 
feet of Peter, so that the watery path 
offered a firm way for human footsteps ? 

Eighth Lesson. 



Prayer. 

TVTERCIFULLY grant, O Lord, that 

Thine effectual goodness may 

in all things direct our hearts, foras 



then denied He 
unto Himself a like service from 
the sea, but crossed over that narrow 
lake at the cost of a voyage on ship 
board ? " He entered into a ship, and 
passed over." What wonder, my 



332 



PRAYERS, HOMILIES, AND 



brethren ? Christ came to take our 
weakness upon Him, that He might 
make us partakers of His strength ; 
to seek the things of men, that He 
might give to men the things of God ; 
to receive insults, that He might 
bestow honours ; to bear weariness, 
that He might grant rest ; for the 
physician that is himself beset by no 
frailties, knoweth not how to treat the 
frailties of others, nor he that is not 
weak with the weak, how to make the 
weak strong. 

Ninth Lesson. 

"THEREFORE, if Christ had abode 
still in His strength, He had in 
no wise been a fellow of men ; if in 
Him Flesh had not run the way of 
flesh, then had it been idle for Him 
to have taken Flesh at all. " He 
entered into a ship, and passed over, 
and came into His Own city." The 
Lord, the Maker of the world, and of 
all things that are therein, having been 
pleased for our sakes to prison Him 
self in our flesh, began to have an 
human home, and to be a citizen of 
a Jewish city ; Himself the Father 
of all, to have parents ; and all, that 
His love might invite, His charity 
draw, His tenderness bind, His gentle 
ness persuade them whom His King 
ship had scared, His awfulness scat 
tered, and His power terrified out of 
His dominion. 

Antiphon at the Song of Zacharias. 
The Lord said unto the sick * of the 
palsy : Son, be of good cheer ; thy sins 
be forgiven thee. 

Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed 
Virgin. And immediately, he that 
had been sick of the palsy arose, * and 
took up his bed whereon he lay, glorify 
ing God ; and all the people, when 
they saw it, gave praise to God. 



Nineteenth ILorli s Bag after 



Prayer. 

C\ ALMIGHTY and most merciful 
^^^ God, of Thy bountiful goodness 
keep us, we beseech Thee, from all 
things that may hurt us ; that we, be 
ing ready both in body and soul, may 
cheerfully accomplish those things that 
Thou wouldest have done. Through 
our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who 
liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the 
unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, 
world without end. Amen. 



Lessons for the Third Nocturn. 
Seventh Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Holy 
Gospel according to Matthew (xxii. 
i.) 

A T that time : JESUS spake by 
^^ parables unto the chief priests 
and Pharisees, and said : The king 
dom of heaven is like unto a certain 
king, which made a marriage for his 
son. And so on. 

Homily by Pope St Gregory [the 
Great.] (38^ on the Gospels.} 

I remember that I have often said 
that, in the Holy Gospel, the Church 
as she now is, is called the kingdom 
of heaven, for the kingdom of heaven 
is indeed the assembly of the righteous. 
The Lord hath said by the mouth of 
His Prophet: "The heaven is My 
throne." (Isa. Ixvi. i.) Solomon saith : 
"The throne of wisdom is the soul 
of the righteous." 1 And Paul saith 
that Christ is " the power of God and 
the wisdom of God." (i Cor. i. 24.) 
From these passages we may clearly 



1 No such passage exists in the present edition of the Sapiential books. 



GOSPEL ANTIPHONS FOR SUNDAYS. 



333 



gather that if wisdom be God, and 
wisdom s throne be the soul of the 
righteous, and God s throne be the 
heaven, then the soul of the righteous 
is heaven. Hence also the Psalmist 
saith, speaking of holy preachers : 
"The heavens declare the glory of 
God." (xviii. 2.) 

Eighth Less 011. 

"PHE kingdom of heaven, therefore, 
is the Church of the righteous, 
even of them whose hearts seek not 
for anything upon earth, but who sigh 
so continually after the things which are 
above, that God doth already reign in 
them as He doth in heaven. Let it 
then be said, " The kingdom of heaven 
is like unto a certain king, which 
made a marriage for his son. Ye 
already understand, my loving friends, 1 
who is that Royal Father of a Royal 
Son. It is indeed no other than He 
to Whom the Psalmist saith : " Give 
the King Thy judgments, O God, and 
Thy righteousness unto the King s 
son." (Ixxi. 2.) "Which made a 
marriage for his son." God the Father 
made a marriage for God the Son, 
when He wedded Him to the man 
hood in the womb of the Virgin, when 
He willed that He Who is God before 
all ages, should in the end of the ages 
become Man. 



Ninth Lesson. 

T^HE marriage union is the union of 
two persons, but God forbid that 
we should imagine that the One Per 
son of our Redeemer JESUS Christ, 
Who is both God and Man, is formed 
by a union of an human person with 
a Divine Person. We profess con 
cerning Him that He is of, and in 
two natures, but we shrink from the 

1 Intelligit charitas vestra. 



blasphemy of saying that He is com 
pounded of two persons. It will 
therefore be clearer and safer to say 
that the marriage which the Father 
made for His Royal Son was the 
wedding Him, through the mystery of 
the Incarnation, to His mystic Bride 
the Holy Church. The womb of the 
Maiden Mother was the marriage- 
chamber in which this union took 
place. Hence it is that the Psalmist 
saith : " In the sun hath He set His 
tabernacle, Who is as a bridegroom 
coming out of his chamber." (xviii. 
6.2) 

Antiphon at the Song of Zacharias. 
Tell them which are bidden : * Be 
hold, I have prepared my dinner ; 
Come unto the marriage. Alleluia. 

Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed 
Virgin. And the King came in * to 
see the guests ; and he saw there a 
man which had not on a wedding 
garment. And he saith unto him : 
Friend, how earnest thou in hither, not 
having a wedding garment ? 



3Lorfc s Hag after 



Prayer. 

/^RANT, we beseech Thee, O Lord, 
^ to Thy faithful people pardon 
and peace, that they may be cleansed 
from all their sins, and serve Thee 
with a quiet mind. Through our Lord 
JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who liveth 
and reigneth with Thee, in the unity 
of the Holy Ghost, one God, world 
without end. Amen. 

2 Alexandrian version. 



334 



PRAYERS, HOMILIES, AND 



Lessons for the Third Nocturn. 
Seventh Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Holy 
Gospel according to John (iv. 46.) 

A T that time : There was a certain 
nobleman, whose son was sick 
at Capernaum. And so on. 

Homily by Pope St Gregory [the 
Great.] (2%th on the Gospels.} 

"JY/T Y brethren ; the passage from the 
Holy Gospel, which ye have 
just now heard, standeth in need of 
no explanation. But lest I should 
seem to pass the same by in idle 
silence, I will say somewhat thereon, 
but that rather by way of exhortation 
than of explanation. Indeed, there 
seemeth to me to be but one point 
which calleth for explanation, and that 
point is this : Wherefore was it that 
when the nobleman went unto the 
Lord, and besought Him that He 
would come down and heal his son, 
" JESUS said unto him: Except ye 
see signs and wonders, ye will not 
believe " ? The very fact that he had 
come to beseech Christ to heal his 
son, putteth it beyond all doubt that 
this nobleman believed ; if he had not 
believed Him to be a Saviour, he 
would not have asked Him to save his 
son. Wherefore then "said JESUS 
unto him : Except ye see signs and 
wonders, ye will not believe " since 
he was one who had not seen, and yet 
had believed ? 



everywhere. He believed not there 
fore enough in Christ, for he thought 
that He could not heal unless He were 
bodily present. Had his faith been 
perfect, he would doubtless have known 
that God is everywhere. 

Ninth Lesson. 

IT IS was therefore a grievously im 
perfect faith, in attributing the 
virtue not to Christ s Majesty, but to 
His bodily presence. Thus it was 
that his faith was still unsound, even 
while he was asking for his son s 
health. For, though he believed con 
cerning Him unto Whom he came 
that He was mighty to save, yet he 
thought also that at that moment He 
was absent from his dying child. But 
the Lord, being asked to go, showed 
that, wherever He is called on, He is 
there, and being He Who, by a simple 
act of will, brought all things into 
being, gave health by a simple 
command. 

Antiphon at the Song of Zacharias. 
There was a certain nobleman whose 
son was sick * at Capernaum. W T hen 
he heard that JESUS was come into 
Galilee, he besought Him that He 
would heal his son. 

Antiphon at the So?ig of the Blessed 
Virgin. So the father knew * that it 
was at the same hour in the which 
JESUS said : Thy son liveth. And him 
self believed, and his whole house. 



Eighth Lesson. 

"DUT bethink you what was his 
prayer, and then shall ye under 
stand clearly wherein his faith was 
shaky. He "besought Him that He 
would come down and heal his son." 
He asked for the bodily presence of 
Him Who is spiritually always present 



ILorlTs 
Pentecost. 

Prayer. 



after 



[" ORD, we beseech Thee to keep 

Thine household in continual 

godliness, that, through Thy protec- 



GOSPEL ANTIPHONS FOR SUNDAYS. 



335 



tion, it may be free from all adversities, 
and devoutly given to serve Thee in 
good works, to the glory of Thy Name. 
Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy 
Son, Who liveth and reigneth with 
Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, 
one God, world without end. Amen. 

Lessons for the Third Nocturn. 
Seventh Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Holy 
Gospel according to Matthew (xviii. 

230 

A T that time : JESUS spake unto 
*""* His disciples this parable : The 
kingdom of heaven is likened unto a 
certain king, which would take account 
of his servants. And so on. 

Homily by St Jerome, Priest [at 
Bethlehem.] (Bk. iii. Comment, on 
Matth. xviii.) 

It is a way much in use with the 
Syrians, and especially with the inhab 
itants of Palestine, to illustrate their 
discourse with parables, that what their 
hearers may not be able to catch so 
easily when spoken plainly, they may 
lay hold on by dint of comparisons and 
examples. Thus it was that the Lord, 
by an allegory about a Royal master 
and a servant who owed him ten thou 
sand talents, and who obtained by en 
treaty forgiveness of the debt, taught 
Peter how it was his duty to forgive 
his fellow-servants their comparatively 
trifling offences. For if that Royal 
master so readily forgave his servant 
his debt of ten thousand talents, should 
not his servants much more forgive 
lesser debts unto their fellows ? 

Eighth Lesson. 

"TO put this more clearly, let us take 

a case. If one of us were to 

commit adultery, or murder, or sacri 



lege, our sin, great like a debt of ten 
thousand talents, would be forgiven us 
in answer to prayer, if we also from 
our heart forgive our brethren their 
trespasses against us. But if we refuse 
to forgive a slight, and keep up un 
ceasing enmity because of an unkind 
word, how just doth it appear that we 
should be cast into prison, and entail 
on ourselves, by the example of our 
own deeds, that our great debt should 
not be forgiven unto us. 

Ninth Lesson. 

"CO likewise shall My heavenly 
Father do also unto you, if ye 
from your hearts forgive not every one 
his brother their trespasses." God s 
awful purpose can be turned and 
changed ; but if we will not forgive 
unto our brethren small things, God 
will not forgive us great things. And 
if we forgive them, it must be from 
our hearts. Any one can say: I have 
nothing against such-an-one ; he know- 
eth what he hath done, and God will 
judge him for it ; I do not care what 
he doeth ; I have forgiven him. But 
the Lord maketh His sentence clear, 
and destroyeth such a mockery of 
peace as this, where He saith : "So 
likewise shall My heavenly Father do 
also unto you, if ye from your hearts 
forgive not every one his brother their 
trespasses." 

AntipJion at the Song of Zacharias. 
The lord said unto his servant : Pay 
me * that thou owest. But the servant 
fell down and besought him, saying : 
Have patience with me, and I will pay 
thee all. 

Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed 
Virgin. O thou wicked servant, I 
forgave thee all * that debt, because 
thou desiredst me. Shouldest not thou 
also have had compassion on thy 
fellow-servant, even as I had pity on 
thee ? Alleluia. 



336 



PRAYERS, HOMILIES, AND 



STtoentg^eeonti 

after Pentecost. 

Prayer. 



S~\ GOD, our Refuge and Strength, 
^ Who art the author of all godli 
ness, be ready, we beseech Thee, to 
hear the devout prayers of Thy Church, 
and grant that those things which we 
ask faithfully, we may obtain effectual 
ly. Through our Lord JESUS Christ, 
Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with 
Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, 
one God, world without end. Amen. 



Lessons for the Third Nocturn. 
Seventh Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Holy 
Gospel according to Matthew (xxii. 

150 

A T that time : The Pharisees went 
^ and took counsel how they might 
entangle JESUS in His talk. And so 
on. 

Homily by St Hilary, Bishop [of 
Poitiers.] (Comm. on Matth. Can. 

23-) 

The Pharisees had oftentimes been 
put to confusion, and were not able to 
find any ground to accuse Him out of 
anything that He had hitherto said or 
done. His words and works are, of 
necessity, faultless, but still, from 
spite, they set themselves to seek in 
every direction for some cause to ac 
cuse Him. He was calling all to 
turn away from the corruptions of the 
world, and the superstitious practices 
of devotion invented by men, and to 
fix their hopes upon the kingdom of 
heaven. They therefore arranged a 
question calculated to entrap Him into 
an offence against civil government, 



namely : " Is it lawful to give tribute 
unto Caesar or not ? " 



Eighth Lesson. 

" TI)UT JESUS perceived their wicked- 
ness," for in sooth there is 
nothing hidden in the heart of man, 
but what God seeth it, " and said : 
Why tempt ye Me, ye hypocrites ? 
Show Me the tribute-money. And they 
brought unto Him a penny. And 
He saith unto them : Whose is this 
image and superscription ? They say 
unto Him : Caesar s. Then saith He 
unto them : Render therefore unto 
Caesar the things which are Caesar s, 
and unto God the things that are 
God s." How wonderful is this an 
swer ! How perfect the fulfilment of 
the Divine Law herein prescribed ! 
So beautifully doth He here strike 
the balance between caring not for 
the things of the world, on the one 
hand, and the offence of injuring 
Caesar, on the other, that He proveth 
the perfect freedom of minds, how 
ever devoted to God, to discharge 
all human cares and duties, by com 
manding them to render unto Caesar 
the things which are Caesar s. 

Ninth Lesson. 

T F we have nothing which is Caesar s, 
then we have nothing which we 
are bound to render unto him. But 
if we are concerned with the things 
which are his, if we are entrusted by 
him with the use of delegated power, 
if we are subject to him as paid ser 
vants to take care of property which 
is not our own, there can be no di- 
pute but that it is our duty to render 
unto Caesar the things which are 
Caesar s. But unto God all of us 
are bound always to render the things 
that are God s, that is to say, our 
body, soul, and will. These are 



GOSPEL ANTIPHONS FOR SUNDAYS. 



337 



things which we hold from Him, 
and whereof He is the Author and 
Maker. It is therefore simply just 
that they, who acknowledge that they 
owe to Him their being and creation, 
should render to Him all that they 
are. 

Antiphon at the Song of Zacharias. 
Master, we know that Thou art true, * 
and teachest the way of God in truth. 
Alleluia. 

Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed 
Virgin. Render therefore unto Caesar 
the things which are Caesar s, * and 
unto God the things that are God s. 
Alleluia. 

Note. If there should be only 
twenty-three Sundays after Pentecost, 
then the following Office will be used 
on the Saturday before the Twenty- 
third, or if the Saturday be occupied 
by an Office of Nine Lessons, then on 
the nearest preceding day not so occu 
pied; but, failing any such day in the 
week beginning on the Twenty-second 
Sunday, the displaced Office will be 
commemorated on the Saturday. See 
the Pye, ch. iv. section 4. 



after Pentecost. 

Prayer. 

r\ LORD, we beseech Thee, absolve 
^^ Thy people from their offences, 
that through Thy bountiful goodness 
we may all be delivered from the 
bands of those sins, which by our 
frailty we have committed. Through 
our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who 
liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the 
unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, 
world without end. Amen. 



Lessons for the Third Nocturn. 
Seventh Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Holy 
Gospel according to Matthew (ix. 
18.) 

A T that time : While JESUS spake 
" these things unto the multitudes, 
behold, there came a certain ruler, 
and worshipped Him, saying : Lord, 
my daughter is even now dead. And 
so on. 

Homily by St Jerome, Priest [at 
Bethlehem.] (Bk. i. Comment, on 
Matth. ix.) 

The eighth miracle took place upon 
the occasion when a certain ruler, de 
siring not to be kept out of the mys 
tery of the true circumcision, besought 
Christ to recall his daughter to life. 
But a woman, which was diseased 
with an issue of blood, thrust herself 
in, and her cure occupieth the eighth 
place, so that the resurrection of the 
ruler s daughter is postponed and 
made the ninth in enumeration 
even as it is written in the Psalms : 
"^Ethiopia shall soon stretch forth 
her hands unto God." (Ixvii. 32.) 
And again : " Blindness in part is 
happened to Israel, until the fulness 
of the Gentiles is come in ; and so 
all Israel shall be saved." (Rom. xi. 
25, 26.) 

Eighth Lesson. 

" AND, behold, a woman, which 
TT was diseased with an issue 
of blood, twelve years, came behind 
Him, and touched the hem of His 
garment." In the Gospel according 
to Luke (viii. 42) it is written that 
the ruler s daughter was about twelve 
years of age. Note therefore that 
this woman, who typifies the Gentiles, 
had been diseased for the same time 
that the Jewish nation, typified by 



333 



PRAYERS, HOMILIES, AND 



the ruler s daughter, had been living 
in faith. We see not clearly the 
hideousness of evil, until we compare 
it with good. 



Ninth Lesson. 

T HIS woman with the issue of 
blood came not to the Lord 
in an house or in a city, for such as 
she were by the Law banished out 
of cities, (Lev. xv. 25,) but in the 
way, as He walked ; so that the Lord 
healed one, even while He was on 
the road to heal another. Whence 
also the Apostles said : It was neces 
sary that the word of God should 
first have been spoken to you : but, 
seeing ye put it from you, and judge 
yourselves unworthy of everlasting life, 
lo, we turn to the Gentiles." (Acts 
xiii. 46.) 

Antiphon at the Song of Zacharias. 
For she said within herself: * If I 
may but touch the hem of His gar 
ment, I shall be whole. 

Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed 
Virgin. But JESUS turned Him about, 
* and when He saw her, He said : 
Daughter, be of good comfort ; thy 
faith hath made thee whole. Alleluia. 

Note. The next Office is invari 
ably used tipon the Sunday next be 
fore Advent. If therefore there be 
more than 24 Sundays after Pente 
cost, the super-abundant Simdays are 
furnished with Offices taken from the 
Sundays omitted after the Epiphany, 
thus: If there be 25 Sundays after 
Pentecost, the Office of the 2^th will 
be taken from the 6th Sunday after 
the Epiphany; if 26, the 2^th will 
be taken from the 6th, and the 2t\th 
from the $th; 2/27, the 26th from 
the 6th, the 2$t/i from the ^th, and 
the 2^th from the ^th ; if 28, the 



27 th from the 6th, the 26th from the 
%th, the 2^th from the ^th, and the 
2 ^th from the ^rd. 



Horn s 5Ba next firfore 



Prayer. 

CTIR up, we beseech Thee, O 
Lord, the wills of Thy faithful 
people, that they, plenteously bring 
ing forth the fruit of good works, 
may of Thee be plenteously rewarded. 
Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy 
Son, Who liveth and reigneth with 
Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, 
one God, world without end. Amen. 



Lessons for the Third Nocttirn. 
Seventh Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Holy 
Gospel according to Matthew (xxiv. 
150 

A T that time : JESUS said unto His 
^^ disciples : When ye shall see 
the abomination of desolation, spoken 
of by Daniel the Prophet, stand in 
the Holy Place, (whoso readeth, let 
him understand,) And so on. 

Homily by St Jerome, Priest [at 
Bethlehem.] (Bk. iv. Comm. on 
Matth. xxiv.) 

This injunction to whoso readeth, 
to understand, showeth that there 
is here something mysterious. In 
Daniel we read as followeth : " And 
in the midst of the week the sacrifice 
and the oblations shall be taken away ; 
and in the temple there shall be the 
abomination of desolation, even until 
the consummation of the time ; and 
a consummation shall be given to the 



GOSPEL ANTIPHONS FOR SUNDAYS. 



339 



desolation." 1 (ix. 27.) It is of this 
same thing that the Apostle speaketh, 
when he saith 2 that a man of iniquity, 
even an adversary, shall be exalted 
against whatsoever is called God, or 
is worshipped : so that he shall even 
dare to stand in the temple of God, 
and to show himself as God ; whose 
coming shall, according to the working 
of Satan, destroy and 3 banish away 
from God all who shall receive him. 

Eighth Lesson. 

n^HIS prophecy may be understood 
either (first) simply of Antichrist, 
(secondly) of the statue of Caesar, 
which Pilate set up in the Temple, or 
(thirdly) of the statue of Hadrian on 
horse-back, 4 which hath stood, even 
until our own day, upon the site of the 
Holy of Holies. In the Scriptures of 
the Old Testament "abomination" is 
a word very often used for an idol, and 
the farther title " of desolation " is 
added to identify an idol erected upon 
the site of the desolate and ruined 
temple. 

Ninth Lesson. 

T) UT we may also understand by the 
abomination of desolation, any 
bad doctrine ; and when we see such 
a thing get a standing in the Holy 
Place, that is, in the Church, and 
showing itself that it is God, that is, 
pretending that it is His revealed 
truth, then will be the time when it 
will be our duty to flee from Judea 
into the mountains, that is to say, to 
leave the letter, which passeth away, 



and all guise of Jewish superstition, 
and to hie us unto the everlasting 
hills, from whence God doth right 
wondrously cause His light to shine 
forth. . (Ps. Ixxv. 5.) Then will it be 
our duty to find ourselves under a roof 
and in an house, wherethrough the 
fiery darts of the wicked one can 
never pierce to smite us, and not to 
come down to take anything out of the 
house of our old conversation, or to 
have regard unto those things which 
are behind ; but rather to sow in the 
field of the spiritual Scriptures, that 
we may reap thereof a bountiful har 
vest ; neither to have two coats, that 
thing forbidden to Apostles. (Matth. 
x. 10.) 

Antiphon at the Song of Zacharias. 
When ye shall see the abomination of 
desolation, * spoken of by Daniel the 
Prophet, stand in the Holy Place, 
(whoso readeth, let him understand) 

Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed 
Virgin. Amen I say unto you, this 
generation shall not pass till all these 
things be fulfilled : * heaven and earth 
shall pass away, but My words shall 
not pass away, saith the Lord. 



after 

Praer. 



A LMIGHTY and everlasting God, 
*^^ mercifully look upon our infirm 
ities, and in all our dangers and neces 
sities stretch forth the right hand of 



1 This quotation does not accord with the present authorised Latin Bible, where the passage 
runs thus: "And in the midst of the week victim and sacrifice shall fail ; and in the temple 
there shall be the abomination of desolation ; and the desolation shall last until the consum 
mation and the end." 

2 The rest of this Lesson is a sort of allusion to, rather than even a loose quotation from, 
2 Thess. ii., with which however it does not quite agree even in sense. 

3 Ad Dei solitudinem redigat. There is no such phrase in St Paul. 

4 But St Jerome himself mentions (Com. on Isa. ii. 8) that Hadrian set up on the desolated 
site of the Temple an idol of Jupiter Capitolinus, and to this it would seem more natural to 
apply the text than to the mere historical statue of the Emperor. The idol was removed under 
Constantine. 



340 



PRAYERS, HOMILIES, AND 



Thy Majesty to help and defend us. 
Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy 
Son, Who liveth and reigneth with 
Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, 
One God, world without end. Amen. 

Lessons for the Third Nocturn. 
Seventh Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Holy 
Gospel according to Matthew 

(viii. i.) 

A T that time : When JESUS was 
*"* come down from the mountain, 
great multitudes followed Him : and, 
behold, there came a leper and wor 
shipped Him. And so on. 

Homily by St Jerome, Priest [at 
Bethlehem.] (Bk. i. Comm. on Matth. 

viii.) 

When the Lord was come down 
from the mountain, great multitudes 
followed Him. They were not able 
to follow Him when He went up. 
And first there came a leper. This 
poor creature s disease had prevented 
him from hearing the Saviour s long 
sermon on the Mount. Let it be 
noted that he is the first person 
specially named as being healed. 
The second was the Centurion s ser 
vant ; the third was Peter s wife s 
mother, who was sick of a fever at 
Capernaum ; the fourth were they 
who were brought unto Christ as 
being troubled with evil spirits, from 
whom He, by His word, cast out the 
evil spirits, at the same time that 
He healed all that were sick. 

Eighth Lesson. 

" A ND, behold, there came a leper, 
^^ and worshipped Him, say 
ing : Properly after preaching 
and doctrine cometh occasion for a 
sign, that the power of the miracle 



might confirm in the hearers the truth 
of the teaching that had gone before. 

" Lord, if Thou wilt, Thou canst 
make me clean." He that prayeth 
the Lord to have the will, doubteth 
not but that He hath the power. 

"And JESUS put forth His Hand, 
and touched him, saying : I will ; be 
thou clean." As soon as the Lord 
put forth His Hand the leprosy de 
parted. Let us remark how lowly and 
unbragging is the Lord s language. 
The leper had said, " If Thou wilt ; " 
the Lord answereth, " I will." The 
leper, "Thou canst make me clean," 
the Lord, "Be thou clean." Most 
Latin readers, misled by the identity 
of form in that language between the 
Present Infinitive Active and the 
Second Person Singular Present Im 
perative Passive of the Verb, read 
Christ s answer as if it were, " I will 
to make thee clean." This is wrong. 
The sentences are separate. First 
cometh the expression of volition, " I 
will," then the command, "Be thou 
clean." 

Ninth Lesson. 

" AND JESUS saith unto him: See 
^ thou tell no man." What 
need was there to tell what his body 
showed ? 

" But go thy way, show thyself to 
the Priest." There were divers reasons 
why Christ should send him to the 
Priest. First, for humility s sake, that 
He might show reverence to God s 
Priest. Then there was a command 
in the law, that they that were cleansed 
of leprosy, should make an offering to 
the Priests. Moreover, that, when the 
Priests saw the leper cleansed, they 
might either believe in the Saviour, or 
refuse to believe ; if they believed, that 
they might be saved, and, if they 
believed not, that they might have no 
excuse. Lastly, that He might give 
no ground for the accusation, that was 



GOSPEL ANTIPHONS FOR SUNDAYS. 



341 



so often brought against Him, that He 
was unobservant of the law. 

Antiphon at the Song of Zacharias. 
When JESUS was come down from the 
mountain, * behold, there came a leper, 
and worshipped Him, saying : Lord, if 
Thou wilt, Thou canst make me clean. 
And JESUS put forth His Hand, and 
touched him, saying : I will ; be thou 
clean. 

Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed 
Virgin. Lord, if Thou wilt, * Thou 
canst make me clean : and JESUS saith 
to him : I will ; be thou clean. 



by the waves : but He was asleep. 
And so on. 

Homily by St Jerome, Priest [at 
Bethlehem.] (Bk. i. Comin. on Matth* 



Prayer. 

C\ GOD, Who knowest us to be set 
in the midst of so many and 
great dangers, that, by reason of the 
frailty of our nature, we cannot always 
stand upright ; grant to us such health 
of mind and body, that by Thy 
strength and protection we may over 
come all evils, whereby for our sins 
we are justly afflicted. Through our 
Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who 
liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the 
unity of the Holy Ghost, One God, 
world without end. Amen. 

Lessons for the Third No c turn. 
Seventh Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Holy 
Gospel according to Matthew (viii. 

23-) 

AT that time : When JESUS was en 
tered into a ship. His disciples 
followed Him ; and, behold, there 
arose a great tempest in the sea, 
insomuch that the ship was covered 

VOL. IV. 



The fifth sign that He did was 
when He took ship at Capernaum, and 
commanded the winds and the sea : 
the sixth, when, in the country of the 
Gergesenes, He suffered the devils to 
enter into the swine : the seventh, 
when, as He came into His own city, 
He cured the man sick of the palsy 
lying on a bed. The first man sick 
of the palsy that He cured was the 
centurion s servant. 

Eighth Lesson. 

" "DUT He was asleep ; and His 
disciples came to Him, and 
awoke Him, saying : Lord, save us." 
There is a type of this in the history 
of Jonah, who, when the storm arose, 
was lying fast asleep, and whom the 
sailors woke to help them ; who also 
saved the sailors, by commanding" 
them to throw him into the sea, 
the said casting of him into the sea 
being, as we know, a figure of Christ s 
Passion. 

" Then He arose and rebuked the 
winds and the sea." From these 
words we understand that all things, 
which have been made, are sentient 
to their Maker. All things which He 
rebuketh or commandeth, hear His 
voice. This is not the error of the 
heretics who will have it that every 
thing is quick, but part of the majesty 
of the Creator, Who maketh to feel 
Him things, which we cannot make 
to feel us. 

Ninth Lesson. 

" T)UT the men marvelled saying : 

What manner of man is this, 

that even the winds and the sea obey 

M 



342 



PRAYERS, HOMILIES, AND 



Him ? " It was not His disciples that 
marvelled, but the sailors, and the 
others that were in the ship. If, how 
ever, any one willeth to withstand this 
our interpretation, and to maintain 
that it was the disciples who marvelled, 
we are ready to answer them, that 
they who knew not before the power 
of the Saviour, deserved to be stripped 
of the title of disciples, and to be called 
simply "the men." 

Antiphon at the Song of Zacharias. 
When JESUS was entered into a ship, 
* there arose a great tempest in the 
sea : and His disciples awoke Him, 
saying : Lord, save us : we perish. 

Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed 
Virgin. Lord, save us : * we perish : 
give the word, O God, and let there 
be a great calm ! 



after 

Prayer. 



f~\ LORD, we beseech Thee to keep 
^^^ Thy family continually in godli 
ness, that they who do lean only upon 
the hope of Thine heavenly grace, may 
evermore be defended by Thy mighty 
power. Through our Lord JESUS 
Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and 
reigneth with Thee, in the unity of 
the Holy Ghost, one God, world with 
out end. Amen. 

Lessons for the Third Nocturn. 
Seventh Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Holy 
Gospel according to Matthew (xiii. 

24.) 

A T that time : JESUS put forth un- 
^^ to the multitudes this parable : 
The Kingdom of heaven is likened 



unto a man which sowed good seed 
in his field. And so on. 

Homily by St Austin, Bishop [of 
Hippo.] (Qucest. Evan. Matth. xi., 
Bk. 4.) 

When the Shepherds of the Church 
wax careless, and since the Apostles 
sleep the sleep of death, cometh the 
devil, and soweth them whom the 
Lord calleth " a seed of evil-doers." 
Now, are these " seed of evil-doers " 
the heretics, or Catholics of bad lives ? 
It is possible to call even the heretics 
a " seed of evil-doers," because they 
have sprung up from the seed of the 
Gospel, and been begotten in the 
Name of Christ, though afterwards, 
they have turned after crooked ways, 
and lying doctrines. 

Eighth Lesson. 

T)UT whereas it is written that they 
were sown in the midst of the 
wheat, we ought haply to understand 
that they are of one communion with 
the righteous. Nevertheless, foras 
much as the Lord saith, "The field 
is the world," (and not, the Church,) 
we may well understand that the " seed 
of evil-doers " are the heretics, since 
in this world they are mingled together 
with the good, not in one common 
Communion, but only under one 
common name of Christian. But they 
which are of one faith with the good 
seed, and yet are themselves worthless, 
may more fitly be likened to straw 
than to tares, since the straw springeth 
from one soil and one root with the 
good ear. 

Ninth Lesson 

TTOWEVER, as touching the net 
cast into the sea, and enclosing 
a great multitude of fishes, both bad 
and good, we may well understand 
that by the bad are meant Catholics 



GOSPEL ANTIPHONS FOR SUNDAYS. 



343 



of bad lives. For the sea is one thing, 
whereby we may understand to be 
signified the world ; and the net 
another, which seemeth to signify our 
faith, or the Communion of one Church. 
Between heretics and sinful Catholics 
there is this difference, that heretics 
believe a lie, and sinful Catholics be 
lieve the truth, but live not as they 
believe. 

AntipJion at the Song of Zacharias. 
Sir, didst not thou sow good seed in 
thy field ? * From whence then hath 
it tares ? And he saith unto them : 
An enemy hath done this. 

Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed 
Virgin, The master saith : Gather ye 
together first the tares, * and bind 
them in bundles to burn them ; but 
gather the wheat into my barn. 



after f 

Prayer. 



us, we beseech Thee, O 
^~^ Almighty God, ever to think 
such things as be reasonable, and in 
every word and work of ours, to do 
always that is well pleasing in Thy 
sight. Through our Lord JESUS 
Christ, Thy Son, Who liveth and 
reigneth with Thee, in the unity of 
the Holy Ghost, One God, world with 
out end. A)iien. 

Lessons for the Third Nocturn. 
Seventh Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Holy 
Gospel according to Matthew (xiii. 
3I-) 

A T that time : JESUS spake this 
^^ parable unto the multitude : The 
kingdom of heaven is like to a grain 



of mustard-seed, which a man took 
and sowed in his field. And so on. 

Homily by St Jerome, Priest [at 
Bethlehem.] (Book ii. Comment, on 
Matth. xiii.) 

The kingdom of heaven is the pro 
clamation of the Gospel, and that 
knowledge of the Scriptures, which 
leadeth unto life, and whereof it is 
said to the Jews, " The kingdom of 
God shall be taken from you, and 
given to a nation bringing forth the 
fruits thereof." (Matth. xxi. 43.) There 
fore is this kingdom like to a grain of 
mustard-seed, which a man took and 
sowed in his field. By the man that 
sowed it in his field, many understand 
to be meant the Saviour, because He 
is the Sower That soweth in the souls 
of believers ; others understand every 
man that soweth good seed in his own 
field, that is, in himself and in his 
own heart. 

Eighth Lesson. 

\ \J HO is he that soweth, but our 
own mind and soul, which take 
the grain from preaching , and by 
nourishing it in the soil, cause it to 
sprout in the field of our own breast ? 
The preaching of the Gospel is the 
least of all doctrines. He that 
preacheth, for his first lesson, God 
made man, Christ dead, and the 
stumbling-block of the Cross, receiveth 
at first but little credit. Compare 
such teaching as this with the doctrines 
of the Philosophers, with their books, 
their magnificent eloquence, and their 
rounded sentences, and thou shalt 
see how the grain of the Gospel, when 
it is sown, is the humblest of all seeds. 

Ninth Lesson. 

T} UT when the doctrines of men 

grow up, there is therein nothing 

piercing, nothing healthy, nothing life- 



344 



PRAYERS, HOMILIES, ETC., FOR SUNDAYS. 



giving. The plant is drooping, and 
delicate, and soft. There are herbs 
and grass whereof it may truly be said 
that " the grass withereth and the 
flower fadeth." (Isa. xl. 8.) But the 
grain of Gospel seed, though, when 
it was sown, it seemed to be the least 
of all seeds, when once it is rooted 
in the soul of man, or in the whole 
world, groweth not into an herb, but 
becometh a tree : so that the birds of 
the air (whereby we may understand, 
either the souls of believers, or the 
[angelic] powers bound to the service 
of God,) come and lodge in the 
branches thereof. I consider that the 



branches of the Gospel tree, which 
groweth from the grain of mustard- 
seed, are the divers developments of 
doctrine, on which the birds above 
mentioned find resting-places. 

Antiphon at the Song of Zacharias. 
The kingdom of heaven * is like to a 
grain of mustard-seed, which is the 
least of all seeds, but, when it is 
grown, it is the greatest among herbs. 

Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed 
Virgin. The kingdom of heaven * is 
like unto leaven, which a woman took 
and hid in three measures of meal till 
the whole was leavened. 



Common of >aints 



OFFICES FOR THE FEASTS OF THE SAINTS, ACCORDING TO THE 
CLASS TO WHICH EACH SAINT BELONGS, AND COMMON TO 
ALL THE SAINTS OF EACH CLASS RESPECTIVELY. 



The Office is of the Week-day, begins 
at Mattins, and ends at None. What 
is not of the Week-day and what is 
not specially given in its own place 
is as follows. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Holy 
Gospel according to John (xv. 12.) 

A T that time : JESUS said to His 
^~*- disciples : This is My com 
mandment, That ye love one an 
other, as I have loved you. And 
so on. 

Homily by Pope St Gregory [the 
Great.] (27/72 on the Gospels.} 

All the holy words of the Lord 
are full of His commandments. 
Why, then, speaketh the Lord of 
the commandment to love one an 
other as if He gave no other com 
mandment? "This,"saith He, "is 
My commandment, That ye love 
one another." Is it not because love 

VOL. IV. 



is the one object of all His com 
mandments, and all His command 
ments are one ? For, even as a tree, 
having but one root, bringeth forth 
many branches, so, if the root be 
love, many virtues do spring there 
from. Neither is the branch of 
good works green, if it abide not 
in the root of love. 

Second Lesson. 

"T^HEREFORE the command- 
* ments of the Lord are mani 
fold, and yet one. Manifold, indeed, 
by the diversity of working, but one, 
as concerning the root of love. And 
how it behoveth us to keep fast hold 
on that root of love, we know from 
Him, Who in sundry places of His 
holy Scripture, moveth us to love 
our friends in Him, and our ene 
mies for Him. He truly abideth 
in love, who loveth his friend in 
God, and his enemy for God. For 
there are some who love their neigh 
bour indeed, but by an affection 

N 



346 



THE COMMON OF SAINTS. 



engendered of kinship and of the 
flesh : such love the Scripture for- 
biddeth not : but it is one thing to 
love our neighbour with that love 
whereto nature doth freely move us, 
and another thing to love him with 
that love whereto we are obliged, if 
we would do whatsoever the Lord 
commandeth us. 

Third Lesson. 

HE, then, that loveth his neigh 
bour naturally, loveth him in 
deed, but attaineth not unto that 
great reward of love, for he loveth 
him, not after the spirit, but after the 
flesh. Therefore, when the Lord 
saith : " This is My commandment, 
That ye love one another," He saith 
also, "as I have loved you," even 
as though He said openly, "Love 
ye one another, with that aim where 
with I have loved you." And in 
this matter, dearly beloved brethren, 
it behoveth us to watch ; for he that 



hateth us of old time, even while he 
draweth our mind to love the things 
which are seen and temporal, rouseth 
up against us our neighbour who is 
weaker than we are, to take from us 
that which we love. 

Prayer at Lauds and during the day. 

GRANT, we beseech Thee, O Al 
mighty God, that the worship 
ful Feast of Thy blessed Apostle, 
\here insert the name of the Saint,] 
on the eve whereof we now stand, 
may avail us to the increase both of 
godliness toward Thee, and of health 
to our own souls. Through our 
Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who 
liveth and reigneth with Thee, in 
the unity of the Holy Ghost, one 
God, world without end. Amen. 

On the eve of St Matthew (Sept. 20) 
is said," Thy blessed Apostle and Evan 
gelist Matthew." The Long Preces are 
said at Lauds and Prime, and the 
corresponding short ones at Terce, Se.rt, 
and None, kneeling. 



. dFor 



Everything as on Sundays except 
what is otherwise given here. 



FIRST VESPERS. 



Antiphons, Chapter, and Hymn from 
Lauds. 

The Prayer is always Proper. 



Last Psalm. 

O praise the LORD, &c., (Ps. cxvi., 
/. 186.) 

Verse. l Their sound is gone out 
through all the earth. 

1 Ps. xviii. 5. 



anft 



Answer. And their words to the 
ends of the world. 

Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed 
Virgin. 2 For they will deliver you 
up to the councils, and they will 
scourge you in their synagogues, 
and ye shall be brought before kings 
and governors for My sake, for a 
testimony against them and the 
Gentiles. 

MATTINS. 

Invitatory. The Lord, He is the 
King of the Apostles. * O come, let 
us worship Him ! 

2 Matth. x. 17, 18. 



FOR APOSTLES AND EVANGELISTS. 



347 



Hymn. 1 

^PHE Lord s eternal gifts, 
*- The Apostles mighty praise, 
Their victories, and high reward, 
Sing we in joyful lays. 

Lords of the Churches they; 

Triumphant Chiefs of war ; 
Brave Soldiers of the Heavenly Camp 

True Lights for evermore. 

Theirs was the Saint s high faith ; 

And quenchless hope s pure glow ; 
And perfect charity, which laid 

The world s fell tyrant low. 

In them the Father shone ; 

In them the Son o ercame : 
In them the Holy Spirit wrought, 

And filled their hearts with flame. 

Praise to the Father, Son, 
And Spirit, One and Three ; 

As evermore hath been before, 
And shall for ever be. Amen. 



FIRST NOCTURN. 
Only three Psalms are said. 

First Antiphon, Their sound is 
gone out through all the earth, and 
their words to the ends of the world. 

Psalm XVIII. 

[Intituled "A Psalm of David," with the 
same further obscure superscription, as in 
Pss. xii. and xiii.] 



heavens declare the glory 
of God, * and the firmament 
showeth His handy-work. 

Day unto day uttereth speech, 



* and night unto night showeth 
knowledge. 

There is no speech nor language, 

* where their voice is not heard. 
Their sound is gone out through 

all the earth : * and their words to 
the ends of the world. 

He hath set His tabernacle in the 
sun : 2 * which is as a bridegroom 
coming out of his chamber. 

He rejoiceth as a strong man to 
run a race : * his going forth is from 
the end of the heaven. 

And his circuit unto the ends of 
it : * and there is nothing hid from 
the heat thereof. 

The law of the LORD is perfect, 
converting the soul : * the testimony 
of the LORD is sure, making wise the 
simple. 

The statutes of the LORD are 
right, rejoicing the heart : * the 
commandment of the LORD is clear, 
giving light unto the eyes. 

The fear of the LORD is holy, 
enduring for ever and ever : * the 
judgments of the LORD are true, 
righteous altogether. 

More to be desired are they than 
gold and store of precious stones, 

* sweeter also than honey and the 
honeycomb. 

Verily, Thy servant keepeth them : 

* in keeping of them there is great 
reward. 

Who can understand his errors? 
Cleanse Thou me from secret faults : 



1 Part of an hymn by St Ambrose, or by one of the Ambrosian school; slightly altered; 
translation by the Rev. E. Caswall. 

2 So the LXX., as well as the Vulgate. Cf. Ps. cii. 19 ; ciii. 2, 3. The sense seems to 
be that the physical source of the light and life of this system is represented as a kind of 
celestial counterpart of the tabernacle, which was the centre of the Divine authority as re 
vealed upon earth. The Hebrew, however, which is supported by St Jerome, reads, "In 
them (i.e., the starry heavens) hath He set a tabernacle for the sun," and this reading seems 
to commend itself to Archbishop Kenrick, who suggests that the " tabernacle " may signify 
the region below the horizon, into which the sun retires nightly, as into a tent, to sleep, and 
from which he issues in renewed glory every morning. Targum : "In them hath He set 
splendour as a tabernacle for the sun." 



348 



THE COMMON OF SATNTS. 



* preserve Thy servant also from 
the sins of others. 

If they get not dominion over me, 
then shall I be undefiled : * and 
I shall be cleansed from the great 
transgression. 

Let the words of my mouth, and 
the meditation of mine heart, * be 
acceptable in Thy sight for ever, 

O LORD mine Helper, * and my 
Redeemer ! 

Second Antiphon. The righteous 
cry, and the LORD heareth. 

Psalm XXXIII. 

[Intituled "Of David, when he changed 
his behaviour before Abimelech, who drove 
him away and he departed." This incident 
is thus described in i Kings (Sam.) xxi. 10. 
" And David arose and fled that day for fear 
of Saul, and went to Achish " (otherwise 
called Abimelech) the King of Gath. And 
the servants of Achish said unto him : Is 
not this David the King of the land? Did 
they not sing one to another of him in 
dances saying, Saul hath slain his thou 
sands, and David his ten thousands ? And 
David laid up these words in his heart, and 
was sore afraid of Achish the King of Gath. 
And he changed his behaviour before them, 
and feigned himself mad in their hands, 
and scrabbled on the doors of the gate, and 
let his spittle fall down upon his beard. 
Then said Achish to his servants: Lo, ye 
see the man is mad ; wherefore have you 
brought him to me? Have I need of mad 
men, that ye have brought this fellow to 
play the madman in my presence? Shall 
this fellow come into mine house? xxii. 
David therefore departed thence, and es 
caped to the cave of Adullam." This Psalm 
is A B C Darian.] 

I WILL bless the LORD at all 
times : * His praise shall con 
tinually be in my mouth. 

My soul shall make her boast in 
the LORD : * the humble shall hear 
thereof, and be glad. 

magnify the LORD with me : * 
and let us exalt His Name together. 

1 sought the LORD, and He heard 



me, * and delivered me from all my 
distress. 

Draw near unto Him, and be light 
ened, * and your faces shall not be 
ashamed. 

This poor man cried, and the 
LORD heard him, * and saved him 
out of all his troubles. 

The angel of the LORD encampeth 
round about them that fear Him, * 
and delivereth them. 

O taste and see that the LORD is 
good : * blessed is the man that 
trusteth in Him. 

O fear the LORD, all ye His Saints : 

* for there is no want to them that 
fear Him. 

The mighty lack and suffer hunger : 

* but they that seek the LORD shall 
not want any good thing. 

Come, ye children, hearken unto 
me : * I will teach you the fear of 
the LORD. 

What man is he that desireth life, 

* that loveth to see good days ? 
Keep thy tongue from evil, * and 

thy lips from speaking guile. 

Depart from evil and do good : * 
seek peace and pursue it. 

The eyes of the LORD are upon 
the righteous : * and His ears are 
open unto their cry. 

But the face of the LORD is against 
them that do evil, * to cut off the re 
membrance of them from the earth. 

The righteous cry and the LORD 
heareth, * and delivereth them out 
of all their troubles. 

The LORD is nigh unto them that 
are of a broken heart, * and saveth 
such as be of a contrite spirit. 

Many are the afflictions of the 
righteous : * but the LORD will de 
liver them out of all. 

The Lord keepeth all their bones : 

* not one of them shall be broken. 



FOR APOSTLES AND EVANGELISTS. 



349 



The death of sinners is grievous : 

* and they that hate the righteous 
shall be guilty. 

The LORD redeemeth the souls of 
His servants : * and none of them 
that trust in Him shall be guilty. 

Third Antiphon. Thou shalt 
make them princes over all the 
earth : they shall be mindful of 
Thy Name, O Lord. 

Psalm XLIV. 

[This Psalm has a long superscription, the 
exact meaning of which is not now certain. 
It seems to have* been a marriage-song writ 
ten to be sung by the Korahites. The Tar- 
gum ascribes it to the time of Moses, but it 
seems rather to belong to that of the Jewish 
Monarchy.] 

TV /TINE heart is overflowing with 
V a good matter : * I speak of 
my works unto the king. 

My tongue is the pen * of a ready 
writer. 

Thou art fairer than the children 
of men, grace is poured into thy lips : 

* therefore God hath blessed thee 
for ever. 

Gird thy sword upon thy thigh, * 
O most mighty ! 

In thy comeliness, and thy beauty, 

* go forward, fare prosperously, and 
reign, 

Because of truth, and meekness, 
and righteousness : * and thy right 
hand shall lead thee wonderfully. 

Thine arrows are sharp (the 
people shall fall under thee) * into 
the heart of the King s enemies. 

1 Thy throne, O God, is for ever 
and ever : * the sceptre of Thy 
kingdom is a right sceptre. 

Thou hast loved righteousness, 



and hated iniquity : * therefore, God, 
thy God, hath anointed thee with the 
oil of gladness above thy fellows. 

Thy garments smell of myrrh, and 
aloes, and cassia, out of the ivory 
palaces, * whereby kings daughters 
among thine honourable women have 
made thee glad. 

Upon thy right hand did stand 
the queen in a vesture of gold, * 
bedecked with divers colours. 

Hearken, O daughter, and con 
sider, and incline thine ear : * for 
get also thine own people, and thy 
father s house : 

And the King shall greatly de 
sire thy beauty : * for He is the 
Lord thy God, 2 and Him shall they 
worship. 

And the daughters of Tyre shall 
entreat thy favour * with gifts, even 
all the rich among the people. 

The King s daughter is all glo 
rious within, * in a vesture of gold, 
clad in divers colours. 

After her shall virgins be brought 
unto the King : * her fellows shall 
be brought unto thee. 

With gladness and rejoicing shall 
they be brought : * they shall enter 
into the King s palace. 

Instead of thy fathers shall be 
thy children : * thou shalt make 
them princes over all the earth. 

They shall be mindful of thy 
name, * unto all generations. 

Therefore shall the people praise 
thee for ever, * yea, for ever and ever. 

Verse. Their sound is gone out 
through all the earth. 

Answer. And their words to the 
ends of the world. 



1 So are these words translated in Heb. i. 8, 9. 

2 The word "God" is not in the Hebrew, and the original meaning, addressed to the 
bride, is, " He is thy lord, and bow thou to him." So also St Jerome. 



350 



THE COMMON OF SAINTS. 



The following Lessons are not read if 
Proper Lessons are assigned instead. 

First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the First 
Epistle of the Blessed Apostle 
Paul to the Corinthians (iv. i.) 

T ET a man so account of us as of 
*-f the ministers of Christ, and 
stewards of the mysteries of God. It 
is required of stewards here, that a 
man be found faithful. But with 
me it is a very small thing that I 
should be judged of you, or of man s 
judgment : yea, I judge not mine 
own self. For I know nothing 
against myself: yet am I not here 
by justified : but He that judgeth 
me is the Lord. Therefore judge 
nothing before the time, until the 
Lord come : Who both will bring 
to light the hidden things of dark 
ness, and will make manifest the 
counsels of the hearts : and then 
shall every man have praise of God. 

First Responsory. 

1 Behold, I send you forth as 
sheep in the midst of wolves, saith 
the Lord ; be ye therefore wise as 
serpents, and harmless as doves. 

Verse. 2 While ye have light, be 
lieve in the light, that ye may be the 
children of light. 

Answer. Be ye therefore wise as 
serpents, and harmless as doves. 

Second Lesson. 

A ND these things, brethren, I 
^~*- have in a figure transferred 
to myself and to Apollos for your 
sakes, that ye might learn in us not 
to think of men above that which is 



written, that no one of you be puffed 
up for one against another. For 
who maketh thee to differ from an 
other? And what hast thou that 
thou didst not receive? Now, if 
thou didst receive it, why dost thou 
glory, as if thou hadst not received 
it? Now ye are full, now ye are 
rich : ye have reigned as kings with 
out us : and I would to God ye did 
reign, that we also might reign with 
you. For I think that God hath set 
forth us the Apostles last, as it were 
appointed to death : for we are made 
a spectacle unto the world, and to 
Angels, and to men. 

Second Responsory. 

3 Take My yoke upon you, saith 
the Lord, and learn of Me, for I am 
meek and lowly in heart ; for My 
yoke is easy, and My burden is 
light. 

Verse. And ye shall find rest 
unto your souls. 

Answer. For My yoke is easy, 
and My burden is light. 

Third Lesson. 

\ \ TE are fools for Christ s sake, 
* * but ye are wise in Christ : 
we are weak, but ye are strong : ye 
are honourable, but we are despised. 
Even unto this present hour we both 
hunger, and thirst, and are naked, 
and are buffeted, and have no cer 
tain dwelling - place, and labour, 
working with our own hands : being 
reviled, we bless : being persecuted, 
we suffer it : being defamed, we en 
treat : we are made as the filth of 
the earth, and are the off-scouring of 
all things unto this day. I write not 
these things to shame you, but as 



1 Matth. x. 16. 



John xii. 36. 



3 Matth. xi. 29. 



FOR APOSTLES AND EVANGELISTS. 



351 



my beloved sons, I warn you. For 
though ye have ten thousand in 
structors in Christ ; yet have ye not 
many fathers. For in Christ JESUS 
I have begotten you through the 
Gospel. 

Third Responsory. 

1 When ye stand before kings and 
governors, take no thought how or 
what ye shall speak ; for it shall be 
given you in that same hour, what 
ye shall speak. 

Verse. For it is not ye that 
speak, but the Spirit of your Father, 
Which speaketh in you. 

Answer. For it shall be given 
you in that same hour, what ye 
shall speak. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer. For it shall be given 
you in that same hour, what ye 
shall speak. 

SECOND NOCTURN. 

First Antiphon. The princes of 
the people are gathered together 
with the God of Abraham. 

Psalm XLVI. 

[Intituled "A Psalm of the sons of 
Korah," with another (now uncertain) direc 
tion.] 

OCLAP your hands, all ye 
people : * shout unto God 
with the voice of triumph. 

For the LORD Most High is ter 
rible : * He is a great King over all 
the earth. 

He hath subdued the people 
under us, * and the nations under 
our feet. 



He hath chosen His own inheri 
tance for us, * the excellency of 
Jacob, whom He loved. 2 

God is gone up with a shout, * 
and the LORD with the sound of a 
trumpet. 

Sing praises to our God, sing 
praises : * sing praises unto our 
King, sing praises. 

For God is the King of all the 
earth : * sing ye praises with under 
standing. 

God reigneth over the heathen : 
* God sitteth upon the throne of 
His holiness. 

The princes of the people are 
gathered together with the God of 
Abraham : * for the mighty ones 
of the earth are greatly exalted. 

Second Antiphon. Thou hast 
given the heritage to those that 
fear Thy Name, O Lord. 

Psalm LX. 

[Intituled "of David." It has also a 
musical (?) superscription now of uncertain 
meaning.] 

TT EAR my cry, O God : * attend 
- unto my prayer. 

From the ends of the earth I 
cried unto Thee : * when mine 
heart was overwhelmed, Thou didst 
lift me up upon a rock. 

Thou didst lead me, for Thou 
hast been a shelter for me, " a 
strong tower from the enemy. 

I will abide in Thy tabernacle 
for ever : * I will make my refuge 
in the covert of Thy wings. 2 

For Thou, O God, hast heard 
my vows : * Thou hast given the 
heritage to those that fear Thy 
name. 

Thou wilt prolong the King s 



1 Matth. x. 18-20. 



SLH. 



352 



THE COMMON OF SAINTS. 



life : * and his years to many 
generations. 

He shall abide before God for 



ever : 



who will seek for His 



mercy and truth ? 

So will I sing praise unto Thy 
name for ever : * that I may daily 
perform my vows. 

Third Antiphon. They declared 
the work of God. and understood His 
doings. 

Psalm LXIII. 

[Intituled "A Psalm of David" with a 
farther superscription of meaning now 
uncertain.] 

T TEAR my voice, O God, in my 
-*- prayer : * preserve my life 
from fear of the enemy. 

Thou hast hidden me from the 
secret counsel of the wicked, * from 
the insurrection of the workers of 
iniquity. 

For they whet their tongue like 
a sword : * they bend their bow, 
even bitter words, that they may 
shoot in secret at the perfect. 

Suddenly do they shoot at him 
and fear not : * they encourage 
themselves in evil purpose. 

They commune of laying snares 
privily : * they say : Who shall see 
them ? 

They search out iniquities : * 
they accomplish a diligent search. 

Man shall attain to thoughts that 
are very deep : * but God shall 
[still] be exalted. 

The arrows of babes have pierced 
them : * and their tongues are 
weakened against them. 

All that saw them were moved : 
* and all men feared, 



And declared the work of God, * 
and understood His doings. 

The righteous shall be glad in 
the LORD, and shall trust in Him : 
* and all the upright in heart shall 
glory. 

Verse. l Thou shalt make them 
princes over all the earth. 

Answer. They shall be mindful 
of Thy Name, O Lord. 

Fourth Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Ser 
mons of Pope St Gregory [the 
Great.] (30^ on the Gospels.) 

T T is written : " By His Spirit the 
- Lord hath garnished the 
heavens." (Job xxvi. 13.) Now 
the garniture of the heavens are the 
godly powers of preachers, and this 
garniture, what it is, Paul teacheth 
us thus : " To one is given by the 
Spirit the word of wisdom, to 
another the word of knowledge by 
the same Spirit ; to another faith 
by the same Spirit ; to another the 
gifts of healing by the same Spirit, 
to another the working of miracles, 
to another prophecy, to another 
discerning of spirits, to another 
divers kinds of tongues, to another 
the interpretation of tongues. But 
all these worketh that one and the 
self-same Spirit, dividing to every 
man severally as He will, (i Cor. 
xii. 8.) 

Fourth Responsory. 

2 1 saw men standing together, 
clad in shining raiment, and the 
Angel of the Lord spake unto me, 



1 Ps. xliv. 17, 18. 

2 This Responsory reads like a quotation, but neither the translator nor any whom he 
has consulted have succeeded in discovering its source. It is not in Scripture. 



FOR APOSTLES AND EVANGELISTS. 



353 



saying : These men are holy, for 
they are the friends of God. 

Verse. 1 1 saw a strong Angel of 
God fly into the midst of heaven, 
saying with a loud voice 

Answer. These men are holy, 
for they are the friends of God. 

Fifth Lesson. 

SO much power then as have 
preachers, so much garniture 
have the heavens. Wherefore again 
it is written : " By the word of the 
LORD were the heavens made." 
(Ps. xxxii. 6.) For the Word of 
the Lord is the Son of the Father. 
But, to the end that all the Holy 
Trinity may be made manifest as 
the Maker of the heavens, (that is, 
of the Apostles,) it is straightway 
added touching God the Holy 
Ghost: "and all the host of them 
by the Breath of His mouth." 
Therefore the might of the same 
heavens is the might of the Spirit, 
for they had not braved the powers 
of this world, unless the strength of 
the Holy Ghost had comforted 
them. For we know what manner 
of men the Teachers of the Holy 
Church were before the coming of 
this Spirit : and since He came we 
see in Whose strength they are 
made strong. 

Fifth Responsory. 

2 Blessed are ye when men shall 
revile you, and persecute you, and 
shall say all manner of evil against 
you falsely, for My sake; rejoice, 
and be exceeding glad, for great is 
your reward in heaven. 



Verse. 3 When men shall hate 
you, and when they shall separate 
you from their company, and shall 
reproach you, and cast out your name 
as evil, for the Son of Man s sake. 

Answer. Rejoice, and be ex 
ceeding glad, for great is your re 
ward in heaven. 

Sixth Lesson* 

\ TERILY, if we ask of the dam- 
V sel that kept the door, she 
will tell us what was the measure 
of weakness and of strength in that 
Shepherd 4 of the Church nigh to 
whose most holy body we are now 
sitting, before that the Spirit came. 
He was so stricken by the words of 
one woman, that for fear of death, 
he denied Life. And we may well 
remember that Peter denied in cap 
tivity Him, Whom the thief con 
fessed, even when He was lifted up 
upon the Cross. But let us hear 
what that craven was after that the 
Spirit came. When the rulers and 
elders were gathered together, the 
Apostles were beaten, and com 
manded not to speak at all nor 
teach in the name of JESUS. And 
Peter answered with great boldness, 
" We ought to obey God rather 
than men." (Acts v. 42.) 

Sixth Responsory. 

These are they which have con 
quered, and are become the friends 
of God, who recked not of the 
commandments of princes, and 
earned the everlasting reward. And 
now have they crowns on their 
heads, and palms in their hands. 



1 Cf. Apoc. viii. 13. 2 Matth. v. n, 12. 8 Luke vi. 22. 

4 St Peter, buried in the Vatican Basilica, where this sermon seems to have been 
preached. 

VOL. IV. N 2 



354 



THE COMMON OF SAINTS. 



Verse. l These are they which 
came out of great tribulation, and 
have washed their robes in the 
blood of the Lamb. 

Answer. And now have they 
crowns . on their heads, and palms 
in their hands. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer. And now have they 
crowns on their heads, and palms 
in their hands. 



THIRD NOCTURN. 

first Antiphon. The horns of 
the righteous shall be exalted. 
Alleluia. 

Psalm LXXIV. 

[Intituled " A Psalm A Song of Asaph," 
with a superscription of meaning now un 
certain, but, in part, indicating the tune 
" Destroy not. " The Targum says that it 
was composed as a thanksgiving at the time 
when David said " Destroy not thy people," 
and the occasion meant is probably that of 
the plague provoked by David s number 
ing of the people, as related in the last 
chapter of 2 Kings (Sam.)] 

UNTO Thee, O God, will we 
give thanks : * we will give 
thanks and call upon Thy name. 

We will declare Thy wondrous 
works : * when I shall take a set 
time, I will judge uprightly. 

The earth and all the inhabitants 
thereof are dissolved : * I bear up 
the pillars of it. 2 

I said unto the wicked : Deal not 
wickedly : * and to the evil-doers : 
Lift not up your horn on high. 

Lift not up your horn on high : 



* speak not wickedness against 
God. 

For neither from the east, nor 
from the west, nor from the desert 
mountains : * for God is the judge : 

He putteth down one, and setteth 
up another : * for in the hand of the 
LORD there is a cup of strong wine 
full of mixture. 3 

And he turneth it this way and 
that : surely the dregs thereof are 
not wrung out : * all the wicked of 
the earth shall drink them. 

But I will declare for ever : * I 
will sing praises to the God of 
Jacob. 

All the horns of the wicked also 
will I break : * and the horns of the 
righteous shall be exalted. 

Second Antiphon. Light is sprung 
up for the righteous. Alleluia : and 
gladness for the upright in heart. 
Alleluia. 

Psalm XCVI. 

[The Vulgate and the LXX. have the 
superscription "[A Psalm] of David when 
his country was re - established " per 
haps meaning after the usurpation of Ab- 
solom.] 



LORD reigneth ; let the 
earth rejoice : * let the mul 
titude of isles be glad thereof. 

Clouds and darkness are round 
about Him : * righteousness and 
judgment are the foundation of 
His throne. 

A fire shall go before Him, * and 
burn up His enemies round about. 

His lightnings enlightened the 
world : * the earth saw and trembled. 

The hills melted like wax at 
the presence of the LORD, * at 



1 Apoc. vii. 14, cf. 9. 2 SLH. 

3 Aromatic herbs, &c., were mixed with wine to make it more intoxicating. 



See 



Smith s Diet, of the Bible, Wine. 



FOR APOSTLES AND EVANGELISTS. 



355 



the presence of the Lord of the 
whole earth. 

The heavens declared His right 
eousness, * and all the people 
saw His glory. 

Confounded be all they that 
worship graven images, * and that 
boast themselves of idols. 

Worship Him, all ye His An 
gels ! * Zion heard, and was glad. 

And the daughters of Judah 
rejoiced, * because of Thy judg 
ments, O LORD ! 

For thou, LORD, art high above 
all the earth : * Thou art exalted 
far above all gods. 

Ye that love the LORD, hate evil : 
* the Lord preserveth the souls of 
His saints ; He delivereth them out 
of the hand of the wicked. 

Light is sprung up for the 
righteous, * and gladness for the 
upright in heart. 

Rejoice in the LORD, ye right 
eous, * and give thanks to the 
memorial of His holiness ! 

Third Antiphon. They kept His 
testimonies, and the ordinance that 
He gave them. Alleluia. 

Psalm XCVIII. 

[The Vulgate and the LXX. ascribe this 
Psalm to David.] 

THE LORD reigneth, be the 
people never so impatient : * 
He sitteth upon the Cherubim, be 
the earth never so unquiet. 

The LORD is great in Zion : 
and He is high above all people. 

Let them praise Thy great and 
terrible Name, for it is holy : * and 
the King s majesty loveth judgment. 

Thou dost establish equity : * 



Thou executest judgment and right 
eousness in Jacob. 

Exalt ye the LORD our God, and 
worship at His footstool : * for it 
is holy. 

Moses and Aaron among His 
priests, * and Samuel among them 
that call upon His name. 

They called upon the LORD, and 
He answered them. * He spake 
unto them in the cloudy pillar : 

They kept His testimonies, * and 
the ordinance that He gave them. 

Thou answeredst them, O LORD 
our God! * O God, Thou forgav- 
est them, though Thou tookest 
vengeance of their inventions. 

Exalt the LORD our God and 
worship at His holy hill : * for the 
LORD our God is holy. 

Verse. l O God, Thy friends are 
exceeding honourable. 

Answer. Their power is waxen 
right strong. 

Seventh Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Holy 
Gospel according to Matthew 
(xix. 27.) 

AT that time : Peter said unto 
JESUS : Behold, we have for 
saken all, and followed Thee : what 
shall we have therefore? And so 
on. 

Homily by St Jerome, Priest [at 
Bethlehem.] (Bk. iii. on Matth. xix.) 

Peter was a fisherman, he was not 
rich, he earned his bread by his 
hand and skill, and nevertheless he 
is thus bold, and saith confidently : 
"We have forsaken all." And be 
cause it sufiiceth not to forsake only, 



1 Ps. cxxxviii. 17. 



356 



THE COMMON OF SAINTS. 



he addeth that which to do is to 
be perfect: "and followed Thee." 
"We have done that which Thou 
hast commanded us, what reward 
therefore wilt Thou give us ? " 
" And JESUS said unto them : Amen 
I say unto you, that ye which have 
followed Me, in the regeneration, 
when the Son of Man shall sit in 
the throne of His glory, ye also 
shall sit upon twelve thrones, judg 
ing the twelve tribes of Israel." He 
said not, "Ye which have forsaken 
all," for this did even Crates the 
philosopher, 1 and they which have 
set nothing by riches are many, but, 
" Ye which have followed Me." 
This did the Apostles, and this 
do believers do. 

Seventh Responsory. 

These are they who while yet 
they lived in the flesh, planted the 
Church in their own blood; 2 they 
drank of the Lord s cup, and became 
the friends of God. 

Verse. Their sound is gone out 
through all the earth, and their 
words to the ends of the world. 

Answer. They drank of the 
Lord s cup, and became the friends 
of God. 

Eighth Blessing. 

He (or they) whose feast-day we 
are keeping, 

Be our Advocate (or Advocates) 
with God. 

Eighth Lesson. 

" T N the regeneration, when the 

-* Son of Man shall sit in the 

throne of His glory, and when the 

dead shall rise again from corruption 



incorruptible, (i Cor. xv. 53,) ye also 
shall sit upon twelve thrones of judg 
ment, condemning the twelve tribes 
of Israel, because, when ye believed 
in Me, they would not. (John iii. 
1 8.) And every one that hath for 
saken houses, or brethren, or sisters, 
or father, or mother, or wife, or chil 
dren, or lands, for My Name s sake, 
shall receive an hundredfold, and 
shall inherit everlasting life." This 
place agreeth well with that other 
where the Saviour saith : " I came 
not to send peace, but a sword. 
For I am come to set a man at 
variance against his father, and the 
daughter against her mother, and the 
daughter-in-law against her mother- 
in-law ; and a man s foes shall be 
they of his own household." 
(Matth. x. 34.) Every one, there 
fore, that hath set no store by 
affection, and riches, and the pleas 
ures of the world, for Christ s faith s 
sake, and the preaching of the Gos 
pel, shall receive an hundred-fold, 
and shall inherit everlasting life. 

Eighth Responsory. 

These men are saints, whom the 
Lord hath chosen in love unfeigned, 
and hath given them glory everlast 
ing. These are they by the light of 
whose teaching the Church is glori 
fied, even as the moon is glorified 
by the light of the sun. 

Verse. 3 The saints through faith 
subdued kingdoms, wrought right 
eousness. 

Answer. By the light of whose 
teaching the Church is glorified, 
even as the moon is glorified by 
the light of the sun. 



1 A Greek cynic, remarkable for his self-denial, who flourished at Athens about B.C. 300. 

2 Cf. Matth. xx. 22, 23. 3 Heb. xi. 33. 



FOR APOSTLES AND EVANGELISTS. 



357 



Verse. Glory be to the Father, and 
to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost. 

Answer. By the light of whose 
teaching the Church is glorified, 
even as the moon is glorified by 
the light of the sun. 

Ninth Lesson. 

BY reason of these words, " an 
hundredfold," some will have 
it that there shall be a thousand 
years after the resurrection, wherein 
they that have forsaken all things 
shall receive an hundredfold of 
those things which they have for 
saken, and shall inherit everlasting 
life. Such men consider not that 
though in other things this were 
worthy, as touching wives it is un 
seemly : for it becometh us not to 
think that he that hath forsaken one 
wife in this world, shall receive an 
hundred wives in that which is to 
come. But the meaning is this, 
that every one that for the Saviour s 
sake hath forsaken earthly things, 
shall receive spiritual things : which 
things, being rightly weighed against 
earthly things, are as though an hun 
dredfold were weighed against one. 

The Hymn, "We praise Thee, O 
God, &c.," is said. 

LAUDS. 

First Antiphon. l This is My 
commandment, * That ye love one 
another, as I have loved you. 

Second Antiphon. l Greater love 
hath no man than this, * that a man 
lay down his life for his friends. 

Third Antiphon. l Ye are My 
friends, * if ye do whatsoever I 
command you, saith the Lord. 



Fourth Antiphon. 2 Blessed are 

the peace- makers, blessed are the 

pure in heart, for they shall see 
God. 

Fifth Antiphon. 3 In your pa 
tience * possess ye your souls. 

Chapter. (Eph. ii. 19.) 

T3RETHREN, now ye are no 
4-^ more strangers and foreigners, 
but fellow-citizens with the Saints, 
and of the household of God : and 
are built upon the foundation of 
the Apostles and Prophets, JESUS 
Christ Himself being the chief 
corner-stone. 



NOW let the earth with joy resound, 
And Heaven the chant re-echo 
round ; 
Nor Heaven nor earth too high can 

raise 
The great Apostles glorious praise. 

O ye who, throned in glory dread, 
Shall judge the living and the dead ! 
Lights of the world for evermore ! 
To you the suppliant prayer we pour. 

Ye close the sacred gates on high ; 
At your command apart they fly : 
O loose for us the guilty chain 
We strive to break, and strive in vain. 

Sickness and health your voice obey ; 
At your command they go or stay : 
From sin s disease our souls restore ; 
In good confirm us more and more. 

So when the world is at its end, 
And Christ to judgment shall descend, 
May we be called those joys to see, 
Prepared from all eternity. 

Praise to the Father, with the Son, 
And Holy Spirit, Three in One ; 
As ever was in ages past, 
And so shall be while ages last. 

Amen. 



1 John xv. 12-14. 2 Matth. v. 9, 8. 3 Luke xxi. 19. 

4 Of tenth to fifteenth century ; author unknown ; translation by the Rev. E. Caswall. 



358 



THE COMMON OF SAINTS. 



Verse. l They declared the work 
of God. 

Answer. And understood His 
doings. 

Antiphon at the Song of Zacharias. 
2 Ye which have forsaken all, and 
have followed Me, shall receive an 
hundredfold, and shall inherit ever 
lasting life. 

The Prayer throughout the Office is 
always special. 

PRIME. 

Antiphon. This is My com 
mandment, &c., (First Antiphon at 
Lauds.) 

Chapter at the end. (Acts v. 41.) 

r I ^HE Apostles departed from the 
* presence of the council, re 
joicing that they were counted 
worthy to surfer shame for the sake 
of the name of JESUS. 

TERCE. 

Antiphon. Greater love, &c., 
(Second Antiphon at Lauds.) 

Chapter from Lauds. 

Short Responsory. 

Their sound is gone out through 
all the earth. 

Answer. Their sound is gone 
out through all the earth. 

Verse. And their words to the 
ends of the world. 

Answer. Through all the earth. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, and 
to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost. 

Answer. Their sound is gone 
out through all the earth. 

1 Ps. Ixiii. 10. 



Verse. Thou shalt make them 
princes over all the earth. 

Answer. They shall be mindful 
of Thy Name, O Lord. 



SEXT. 

Antiphon. Ye are My friends, 
&c., (Third Antiphon at Lauds.} 

Chapter. (Acts v. 12.) 

A ND by the hands of the Apos- 
^~** ties were many signs and 
wonders wrought among the people. 

Short Responsory. 

Thou shalt make them princes 
over all the earth. 

Answer. Thou shalt make them 
princes over all the earth. 

Verse. They shall be mindful of 
Thy Name, O Lord. 

Answer. Over all the earth. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer. Thou shalt make them 
princes over all the earth. 

Verse. O God, Thy friends are 
exceeding honourable. 

Answer. Their power is waxen 
right strong. 

NONE. 

Antiphon. In your patience, &c., 
(Fifth Antiphon at Lauds) 

Chapter as at the end of Prime. 

Short Responsory. 

O God, Thy friends are exceeding 
honourable. 

Answer. O God, Thy friends are 
exceeding honourable. 

2 Matth. xix. 27-29. 



FOR APOSTLES AND EVANGELISTS. 



359 



Verse. Their power is waxen 
right strong. 

Answer. Exceeding honourable. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer. O God, Thy friends are 
exceeding honourable. 

Verse. They declared the work 
of God. 

Ansiver. And understood His 
doings. 

SECOND VESPERS. 

First Antiphon. The LORD hath 
sworn, and will not repent : Thou 
art a Priest for ever. 

Ps. cix. The LORD said, &c., (p. 
176.) 

Second Antiphon. That the Lord 
may set him with the princes of His 
people. 

Ps. cxii. Praise the LORD, O ye 
His servants, &c., (/. 178.) 

Third Antiphon. O Lord, Thou 
hast loosed my bonds : I will offer 
to Thee the sacrifice of thanks 
giving. 

Psalm CXV. 

[In the Hebrew this Psalm is a continua 
tion of the last. The Vulgate and the LXX. 
prefix "Alleluia."] 

I BELIEVED, therefore have I 
spoken : * but I was greatly 
afflicted. 

I said in my haste : * All men 
are liars. 

What shall I render unto the 
LORD * for all His benefits toward 
me? 

I will take the cup of salvation, 
* and call upon the name of the 
LORD. 



I will pay my vows unto the 
LORD in the presence of all His 
people. * Precious in the sight 
of the LORD is the death of His 
Saints. 

LORD, truly I am Thy servant : 
* I am Thy servant, and the son of 
Thine handmaid : 

Thou hast loosed my bonds. * I 
will offer to Thee the sacrifice of 
thanksgiving, and will call upon the 
name of the LORD. 

1 will pay my vows unto the 
LORD, in the presence of all His 
people : * in the courts of the 
LORD S house, in the midst of thee, 
O Jerusalem ! 

[Here the Hebrew appends "Alle 
luia," which the Vulgate and the LXX. 
prefix to the next Psalm.] 

Fourth Antiphon. They went 
forth weeping, sowing their seed. 

Psalm CXXV. 
[Intituled " A Song of Degrees."] 

WHEN the LORD turned again 
the captivity of Zion, * we 
were like them that come again 
from sickness. 

Then was our mouth filled with 
laughter, * and our tongue with 
singing. 

Then said they among the hea 
then : * The LORD hath done great 
things for them. 

The LORD hath done great things 
for us : * whereof we are glad. 

Turn again our captivity, O 
LORD, * as the streams in the 
south. 

They that sow in tears * shall 
reap in joy. 

They go forth weeping, * sow 
ing their seed ; 



THE COMMON OF SAINTS. 



They shall doubtless come again 
with rejoicing, * bringing their 
sheaves with them. 

Fifth Antiphon. O God, Thy 
friends are honourable ; their power 
is waxen right strong. 



Psalm CXXXVI II. 

[Intituled "A Psalm of David," with a 
musical (?) direction, the meaning of which 
is not now certain.] 

LORD, Thou hast searched 
me, and known me : * Thou 
knowest my down-sitting and mine 
up-rising : 

Thou understandest my thoughts 
afar off. * Thou searchest my path, 
and my line, 

And art acquainted with all my 
ways : * before there is a word on 
my tongue. 

Lo, O LORD, Thou knowest all 
things both new and old : * Thou 
hast made me, and laid Thine hand 
upon me. 

Such knowledge is too wonderful 
for me : * it is high, and I cannot 
attain unto it. 

Whither shall I go from Thy 
Spirit? * or whither shall I flee 
from Thy presence? 

If I ascend up into heaven, Thou 
are there : * if I go down into hell, 
Thou art there. 

If I take the wings of the morn 
ing, * and dwell in the uttermost 
parts of the sea; 

Even there shall Thine hand lead 
me, * and Thy right hand shall hold 
me. 

If I say : Surely the darkness 
shall cover me : * even the night 
shall be light about me in my 
pleasures 



For the darkness is not darkness 
to Thee : and the night shineth as 
the day : * the darkness and the 
light to Thee are both alike. 

For Thou didst form my reins : 

Thou hast upholden me from 
my mother s womb. 

I will praise Thee, for Thy great 
ness is terrible : * marvellous are 
Thy works : and that my soul 
knoweth right well. 

My bones were not hid from 
Thee, when Thou madest me in 
secret : * nor my substance in the 
lower parts of the earth. 

Thine eyes beheld my substance 
yet being imperfect : and in Thy 
book all were written : * day by day 
were they to be fashioned, when as 
yet there was none of them. 

But to me, O God, Thy friends 
are exceeding honourable : * their 
power is waxen right strong. 

If I should count them, they are 
more in number than the sand : * I 
arose, and am still with Thee. 

Surely Thou wilt slay the wicked, 
O God : * depart from me, ye bloody 
men. 

For ye say in thought : * In 
vain shall Thy people take Thy 
cities. 

Do not I hate them, O LORD, 
that hate Thee? * and am not I 
grieved at those that rise up against 
Thee? 

I hate them with perfect hatred : 
* they are to me as enemies. 

Search me, O God, and know 
mine heart : * try me and know my 
thoughts. 

And see if there be any wicked 
way in me : * and lead me in the 
way everlasting. 

Chapter, Hymn, a?td Verse and An 
swer from Lauds. 



FOR APOSTLES AND EVANGELISTS. 



361 



Antiphon at the Song of the nification of this number, Twelve. 
Blessed Virgin. Wax valiant in "Ye shall sit," saith the Lord, 
fight, and strive against the old "upon twelve thrones, judging the 
serpent : and ye shall receive an twelve tribes of Israel." 
everlasting kingdom. Alleluia. 

Fifth Lesson. 

IF then there be set there twelve 
thrones of judgment, (Ps. cxxi. 
5,) Paul, in that he is the thir 
teenth Apostle, hath not where to 
sit, nor wherein to judge. Never 
theless, he hath said of himself 
that he will judge not men only, 
but angels. "Know ye not," saith 
he, "that we shall judge angels?" 
(i Cor. vi. 3,) that is, the fallen 
angels. Then might they have 
answered him : " Wherefore boastest 
thou thyself to be a judge? For 
where is thy seat ? The Lord hath 
said that for the twelve Apostles 
there shall be twelve thrones : one 
of the twelve, even Judas, is in 
deed fallen, but holy Matthias is 
chosen into his place ; for the twelve 
thrones there are still twelve to sit 
thereon : first find whereon thou 
shalt sit, and afterward give thyself 
out for a judge." Let us see, then, 
what is the meaning of these twelve 
thrones. By them is signified in 
a mystery the whole world, since 
the Church shall be through all 
the earth, whence this building is 
called to be built up together in 
Christ. 

Sixth Lesson. 

said that 



tfjer Wessons for tije JJtasts 
of tfje Apostles. 

SECOND NOCTURN. 

Fourth Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Ex 
position of the Eighty-sixth Psalm 
by St Austin, Bishop [of Hippo.] 

" TTER foundation is in the holy 
**- mountains : the LORD lov- 



eth the gates of Zion." Where 
fore hath the city twelve founda 
tions, and in them the names of 
the Prophets and of the Apostles 
of the Lamb? 1 Because their 
authority is the foundation where 
on our weakness resteth. Where 
fore are they the gates ? 2 Because 
through them we enter in unto the 
kingdom of God, since they have 
preached the same unto us, and 
when we enter in through their 
preaching, we enter in by Christ, 
Who is Himself The Door. (John 
x. 7.) And, whereas it is written 
that the city hath twelve gates, and, 
again, that Christ is the one Door, 
Christ is all the twelve, for He is 
in all the twelve : and therefore 
were twelve Apostles chosen. There 
lieth a great mystery in the sig- 



THEREFORE is it 
there shall be twelve thrones, 
because from all quarters shall there 
come men to be judged ; even as it is 



but there the Prophets are 



1 A sort of quotation from or allusion to Apoc. xxi. 14, 
not mentioned. 

2 Apoc. xxi. 12, says that on the gates were written the names of the twelve tribes 
of Israel. 



3 62 



THE COMMON OF SAINTS. 



said that the city hath twelve gates, 
because from all quarters shall the 
nations of them which are saved, 
enter into it. So, not the twelve 
only, and the Apostle Paul, but all, 
as many as shall judge, have part 
in these twelve thrones, this signi 
fying, that they shall judge all men ; 
even as all that enter into the 
city, have part in her twelve gates. 
For there are four quarters of the 
world, the East, and the West, and 
the North, and the South : of which 
four quarters is mention often made 
in the Scriptures. From the four 
winds shall the elect be gathered 
together, as saith the Lord in the 
Gospel: "And He shall send His 
Angels with a great sound of a 
trumpet ; and they shall gather to 
gether His elect from the four winds, 
from one end of heaven to the 
other." (Matth. xxiv. 31.) From 
the four winds, therefore, is the 
Church called together ; and how 
are they called? Everywhere are 
they called in the Trinity ; for they 
are called no otherwise than by 
baptizing them in the Name of the 
Father, and of the Son, and of the 
Holy Ghost. (Matth. xxvii. 19.) 
Now four being multiplied by three 
is twelve. 



THIRD NOCTURN. 

Seventh Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Holy 
Gospel according to Matthew 
(xix. 27.) 

AT that time : Peter said unto 
JESUS : Behold, we have for 
saken all, and followed Thee : what 
shall we have therefore ? And so on. 



Homily by the Venerable Bede, 
Priest [at Jarrow and Doctor of the 
Church.] (Homily for St Benedict s 
Birth-day.} 

" If thou wilt be perfect," saith 
Christ, " go and sell that thou hast, 
and give to the poor, and come 
and follow Me : and thou shalt 
have treasure in heaven." (Matth. 
xix. 21.) Yea, treasure that passeth 
not away ! Unto such saith JESUS, 
at the questioning of Peter : " Amen 
I say unto you, that ye which have 
followed Me, in the regeneration, 
when the Son of Man shall sit in 
the throne of His glory, ye also 
shall sit upon twelve thrones, judg 
ing the twelve tribes of Israel." He 
taught them, which work for His 
Name s sake in this life, to look 
for their reward in another life : 
that is, in the regeneration. " In 
the regeneration ! " when we who 
have been born dying creatures 
into a dying life, shall in the re 
surrection be born again into an 
undying life. 

Eighth Lesson. 

A ND soothly, it is a just retri- 
^* bution, that they, who, while 
they were yet here, have for Christ s 
sake set no store by being great 
among men, should there by Christ 
be singularly glorified to be the 
assessors of His judgment-seat, even 
they whom nothing here could turn 
aside from being the followers of 
His footsteps. Nevertheless, let 
there be no man that believeth 
that the twelve Apostles only, among 
whom Matthias holdeth that place 
from which Judas by transgression 
fell, (Acts i. 25,) that they only 



FOR APOSTLES AND EVANGELISTS. 



363 



shall judge, even as the twelve 
tribes of Israel shall not alone be 
judged : for then were the tribe of 
Levi, which is the thirteenth, un- 
judged. 

Ninth Lesson. 

TV/T OREOVER, then, were Paul, 
* who is the thirteenth Apostle, 
deprived of all part in the judg 
ment ; whereas he saith of him 
self: "Know ye not that we shall 
judge angels ? How much more 
things that pertain to this life?" 
But it behoveth us to know that 
every one who hath forsaken all 
and followed Christ, as did the 
Apostles, shall also come with Him 
to judgment, even as every man 
shall stand at His judgment seat. 
And the Scriptures use often to 
signify all by this number twelve ; 
by the twelve thrones of the Apostles 
are signified the thrones of all them 
that shall judge ; and by the twelve 
tribes of Israel, the whole number 
of them that shall be judged. 



tfjer Hessons for tfje jftasts 
of 



FIRST NOCTURN. 

First Lesson. 

Here beginneth the Book of the 
Prophet Ezekiel (i. i.) 

A ND it came to pass in the 
**> thirtieth year, in the fourth 
month, in the fifth day of the 
month, as I was among the captives 
by the river of Chebar, that the 



heavens were opened, and I saw 
visions of God. In the fifth day of 
the month, which was the fifth year 
of King Jehoiachim s captivity, the 
word of the LORD came unto Ezekiel, 
the son of Buzi, the Priest, in the 
land of the Chaldeans, by the river 
Chebar, and the hand of the LORD 
was there upon him. And I looked, 
and, behold, a whirlwind came 
out of the North, a great cloud, 
and a fire infolding itself, and a 
brightness was about it, and out 
of the midst thereof, (that is, out 
of the midst of the fire,) as the 
colour of amber. 



Second Lesso?i. 

A LSO in the midst thereof the 
** likeness of four living creat 
ures ; and this was their appear 
ance, they had the likeness of a 
man. And every one had four 
faces, and every one had four wings. 
Their feet were straight feet, and 
the sole of their feet was like the 
sole of a calfs foot, and they 
sparkled like the colour of glowing 
brass. And they had the hands of 
a man under their wings on their 
four sides, and they had faces and 
wings on four sides. And the 
wings of one were joined to the 
wings of another ; they turned not 
when they went ; they went every 
one straight forward. 



Third Lesson. 

A S for the likeness of their faces, 
"* they four had the face of a 
man and the face of a lion on the 
right side, and they four had the 
face of an ox on the left side, and 



364 



THE COMMON OF SAINTS. 



they four had the face of an eagle 
above. Thus were their faces, and 
their wings were stretched upward, 
two wings of every one were joined 
one to another, and two covered 
their bodies ; and they went every 
one straight forward. Whither 
the spirit was to go, they went, 
and they turned not when they 
went. 

SECOND NOCTURN. 
Fourth Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Ex 
position of the Book of the 
Prophet Ezekiel by Pope St 
Gregory [the Great.] (Horn. 3, 
JBk. i.) 



Prophet writeth very min- 
- utely touching the four holy 
living creatures, whom he saw in 
the spirit as being to come. He 
saith : " Every one had four faces, 
and every one had four wings." 
What signifieth the face save like 
ness whereby we are known ? or 
wings, save the power to fly ? since 
it is by the face that man is known 
from man, and by their wings that 
the birds bodies are carried up into 
the air. So the face pertaineth to 
certitude, 1 and the wings to con 
templation. With certitude we are 
known of God Almighty, Who saith : 
" I am the Good Shepherd, and 
know My sheep, and am known 
of Mine." (John x. 14.) And 
again : "I know whom I have 
chosen." (xiii. 18.) And by con 
templation, whereby we rise above 
ourselves, we as it were fly heaven 
wards. 

1 Text, 



Fifth Lesson. 

one had four faces" 
four faces, that is, and 
one body. If thou seek to know 
what Matthew teacheth concerning 
the Incarnation of the Lord, he 
teacheth no other doctrine than 
teacheth Mark, or Luke, or John. 
If thou seek to know what John 
teacheth, it is beyond all doubt 
that his doctrine is the doctrine of 
Matthew, and Mark, and Luke. If 
thou ask concerning Mark, he hath 
that which hath Matthew, and John, 
and Luke. If thou wilt know of 
Luke, know that he teacheth as 
doth Matthew, and Mark, and John. 
Therefore every one hath four faces, 
for God knoweth and seeth in them 
but one faith, which thou mayest 
see in each and in all. 



Sixth Lesson. 

" A ND every one had four wings." 
^* For they do all with one 
accord preach our Lord JESUS 
Christ, the Son of Almighty God : 
toward Whose Godhead lifting up 
the eyes of their mind, they do lift 
the wings of contemplation, and do 
fly. In the Evangelists, the face 
pertaineth to the Lord s Manhood, 
and the wings to His Godhead : 
for they turn their face toward Him 
Whom they see in bodily shape : 
but when they say that He is, as 
touching His Godhead, Incompre 
hensible, and Incorporeal, the wings 
of their contemplation do, in a 
manner, carry them in flight heaven 
ward. Because, then, they have 
all one faith in the Incarnation, 
and all equally look by contempla- 
adfidetn. 



FOR APOSTLES AND EVANGELISTS. 



365 



tion toward the Godhead : it is 
well written of them, " Every one 
had four faces, and every one had 
four wings." 



THIRD NOCTURN. 

Seventh Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the 
Holy Gospel according to Luke 
(x. i.) 

AT that time : The Lord ap 
pointed other seventy - two 
also, and sent them two and two 
before His face into every city and 
place, whither He Himself would 
come. And so on. 

Homily by Pope St Gregory 
[the Great.] (iith on the Gospels.) 

Dearly beloved brethren, our 
Lord and Saviour doth sometimes 
admonish us by words, and some 
times by works. Yea, His very 
works do themselves teach us : for 
that which He doth silently His 
example still moveth us to copy. 
Behold how He sendeth forth His 
disciples to preach by two and two : 
since there are two commandments 
to love, that is, a commandment to 
love God, and a commandment to 
love our neighbour : and where 
there are not two, the one, being 
alone, hath not whereon to do the 
Lord s commandment. And no 
man can properly be said to love 
himself: for love tendeth outward 
toward our neighbour, if it be the 
love whereto the Gospel doth 
oblige us. 



Eighth Lesson. 

"DEHOLD, the Lord sendeth 
*-* forth His disciples to preach 
by two and two : and thus doing, 
He doth silently teach us that who 
soever loveth not his neighbour, 
such an one it behoveth not to take 
upon him the office of a preacher. 
Well also is it said that He sent 
them before His face into every 
city and place whither He Himself 
would come. The Lord followeth 
His preachers : first corneth preach 
ing, and then the Lord Himself 
cometh to the house of our mind, 
whither the word of exhortation 
hath come before : and so cometh 
the truth into our mind. 

Ninth Lesson. 



to preachers saith 
Isaiah : " Prepare ye the way 
of the LORD, make straight an high 
way for our God." (xl. 3.) And 
again the Psalmist saith : " Spread 
a path before Him That rideth upon 
the West." (Ixvii. 4.) The Lord 
rideth upon the West ; above that 
from which in death He veiled His 
glory hath He royally exalted that 
glory that excelleth, even the glory 
of His rising again. He rideth upon 
the West, Who, being risen again 
from the dead, is throned high above 
the death to which He bowed. Be 
fore Him, therefore, That rideth 
upon the West, we spread a path, 
when we set forth His glory before 
the eyes of your mind, to the end 
that He Himself may come after, 
and Himself enlighten the same your 
minds by His presence and His love. 



366 



THE COMMON OF SAINTS. 



* dFov 



Everything as on Sundays, except 
what is otherwise given here. 



FIRST VESPERS. 

Antiphons, Chapter, and Prayer from 
Lauds. 

Last Psalm. 

O praise the LORD, &c., (Ps. cxvi., 
/. 186.) 

Hymn. 1 

OGOD, of Thy soldiers 
the Portion and Crown, 
Spare Thy people, who hymn 
the Praise of the Blest ; 
Earth s bitter joys, 

its lures and its frown, 
He scanned them and scorned, 
and so is at rest. 

Thy Martyr, he ran 

all valiantly o ; er 
An highway of blood 

for the prize Thou hast given. 
We kneel at Thy feet 

and meekly implore, 
That our pardon may wait 

on his triumph in heaven. 

Honour and praise 

To the Father and Son 

And the Spirit be done 
Now and always. Amen. 

Verse. 2 Thou hast crowned him 
with glory and honour, O Lord. 

Answer. And madest him to 
have dominion over the works of 
Thy hands. 

Antiphon at the Song of the 
Blessed Virgin. 3 This man is 
holy, * for he hath striven for the 

1 Abridged from an hymn of the Ambrosian 

2 Ps. viii. 7. 

3 Ecclus. iv. 33 ; I Mace. ii. 62 ; Matth. vii 



of nt Jttartar* 

law of his God even unto death, and 
hath not feared for the words of the 
ungodly : for he had his foundation 
upon a strong rock. 

MATTINS. 

Invitatory. The Lord He is the 
King of the Martyrs. * O come, let 
us worship Him ! 

Hymn as at First Vespers. 



FIRST NOCTURN. 

Only three Psalms are said. 

First Antiphon. His delight * 
was in the law of the LORD day 
and night. 

Ps. i. Blessed is the man, &c., 
(/ 4-) 

Second Antiphon. The Lord hath 
set him * upon His holy hill, to 
declare His decree. 

Ps. ii. Why do the heathen, 
&c, (/. 4.) 

Third Antiphon. I cried unto 
the LORD * with my voice, and 
He heard me out of His holy 
hill. 

Ps. iii. LORD, how are they in 
creased, &c., (/. 5.) 

Verse. Thou hast crowned him 
with glory and honour, O Lord. 

Answer. And madest him to 
have dominion over the works of 
Thy hands. 

school ; translation by Cardinal Newman. 
2 5- 



FOR ONE MARTYR. 



367 



Tke following Lessons are not read 
if other Lessons are assigned instead^ 
(either special, or from Scripture ac 
cording to the Season^} or if the Martyr 
whose Feast is being kept was not a 
Bishop. In the latter case, failing 
other Lessons, are read those from 
Rom. viii. 12, given on p. 383. 



First Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Acts 
of the Apostles (xx. 17.) 

T7ROM Miletus Paul sent to Eph- 
esus, and called the elders of 
the Church. And when they were 
come to him, he said unto them : 
Ye know, from the first day that I 
came into Asia, after what manner I 
have been with you at all seasons, 
serving the Lord with all humility 
of mind, and with many tears, and 
temptations, which befell me by the 
lying-in -wait of the Jews : how I 
kept back nothing that was profit 
able unto you, but have showed 
you, and have taught you publicly, 
and from house to house, testifying 
both to the Jews and also to the 
Gentiles, repentance toward God, 
and faith toward our Lord JESUS 
Christ. And now, behold, I go 
bound in the spirit unto Jerusalem, 
not knowing the things that shall 
befall me there ; save that the Holy 
Ghost witnesseth in every city, 
saying that bonds and afflictions 
abide me at Jerusalem. But none 
of these things move me, neither 
count I my life dear unto myself: 
so that I might finish my course 
with joy, and the ministry which I 
have received of the Lord JESUS, 
to testify the Gospel of the grace 
of God. 



First Responsory. 

This man is holy, for he hath 
striven for the law of his God even 
unto death, and hath not feared for 
the words of the ungodly ; for he 
had his foundation upon a strong 
rock. 

Verse. x This is he which loved 
not his life in this world, and is 
come unto an everlasting kingdom. 

Answer. For he had his found 
ation upon a strong rock. 

Second Lesson. 

A ND now, behold, I know that 
*"* ye all, among whom I have 
gone preaching the kingdom of God, 
shall see my face no more. Where 
fore I take you to record this day, 
that I am pure from the blood of all 
men. For I have not shunned to 
declare unto you all the counsel of 
God. Take heed unto yourselves, 
and to all the flock, over the which 
the Holy Ghost hath made you 
Bishops to shepherd the Church of 
God, which He hath purchased with 
His Own Blood. I know this, that 
after my departing shall grievous 
wolves enter in among you, not 
sparing the flock ; also of your own 
selves shall men arise, speaking per 
verse things, to draw away disciples 
after them. Therefore watch, and 
remember that, by the space of three 
years, I ceased not to warn every 
one of you night and day with tears. 

Second Responsory. 

2 The righteous shall grow as the 
lily ; yea, he shall flourish in the 
presence of the Lord for ever. 

Verse. 3 Those that be planted 



1 Cf. John xii. 25. 



Hos. xiv. 6 ; Isa. xvii. u, &c, 



3 Ps. xci. 14. 



368 



THE COMMON OF SAINTS. 



in the house of the LORD, shall 
flourish in the courts of the house 
of our God. 

Answer. Yea, he shall flourish 
in the presence of the Lord for 
ever. 

Third Lesson. 

A ND now I commend you to 
** God, and to the word of His 
grace, Which is able to build you 
up, and to give you an inheritance 
among all them which are sanctified. 
I have coveted no man s silver, or 
gold, or apparel, as ye yourselves 
know : for these hands have minis 
tered unto my necessities, and to 
them that were with me. I have 
showed you all things, how that so 
labouring ye ought to support the 
weak, and to remember the words 
of the Lord JESUS, how He said : 
It is more blessed to give than to 
receive. And when he had thus 
spoken, he kneeled down, and 
prayed with them all. And they 
all wept sore, and fell on Paul s 
neck, and kissed him, sorrowing 
most of all for the words which he 
spake, that they should see his face 
no more. And they accompanied 
him unto the ship. 

Third Responsory. 

This is he which knew righteous 
ness, and saw great wonders, and 
made his prayer unto the Most 
High ; and he is numbered among 
the Saints. 

Verse. This is he which loved 
not his life in this world, and is 
come unto an everlasting kingdom. 

Answer. And he is numbered 
among the Saints. 



Verse. Glory be to the Father, and 
to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost. 

Answer. And he is numbered 
among the Saints. 

SECOND NOCTURN. 

First Antiphon. O ye sons of 
men, * know that the LORD hath 
set apart him that is holy for Him 
self. 

Psalm IV. 

[Intituled "A Psalm of David," with a 
musical (?) direction of (now) uncertain 
meaning. ] 



I called, the God of my 
righteousness heard me : * 
Thou hast enlarged me when I was 
in distress : 

Have mercy upon me, * and hear 
my prayer. 

ye sons of men, how long 
will ye be dull of heart ? * Why 
will ye love vanity, and seek after 
leasing ? 1 

But know that the LORD hath set 
apart for Himself him that is holy : 

* the LORD will hear me when I 
call unto Him. 

Be ye angry and sin not : * what 
ye speak in your heart, repent upon 
your bed. 1 

Offer the sacrifices of righteous 
ness, and put your trust in the LORD. 

* There be many that say : Who will 
show us any good ? 

LORD, Thou hast set upon us the 
light of Thy countenance. * Thou 
hast put gladness in my heart, 

More than in the time that 
their corn, and wine, and oil * 
increased. 

1 will both lay me down in peace, 

* and sleep, 



1 SLH. 



FOR ONE MARTYR. 



369 



For Thou, LORD, only * makest 
me to dwell in safety. 

Second Antiphon. O LORD, Thou 
hast compassed him * with Thy 
favour as with a shield. 

Psalm V. 

[Intituled "A Psalm of David," with a 
musical (?) superscription.] 



ear unto my words, O 
LORD, * consider my suppli 
cation. 

Hearken unto the voice of my cry, 

* my King and my God ! 

For unto Thee will I pray. * O 
LORD, in the morning Thou shalt 
hear my voice : 

In the morning will I stand before 
Thee and look up. * For Thou art 
not a God that hath pleasure in 
wickedness : 

Neither shall the evil dwell with 
Thee, * nor the unrighteous stand 
in Thy sight : 

Thou hatest all workers of iniquity. 

* Thou shalt destroy all them that 
speak leasing : 

The LORD abhorreth the bloody 
and deceitful man. * But as for me, 
in the multitude of Thy mercy 

I will come into Thine house : * 
I will worship toward Thine holy 
temple in Thy fear. 

Lead me, O LORD, in Thy 
righteousness, n because of mine 
enemies ; make my way straight 
before Thy face. 

For there is no faithfulness in 
their mouth : * their inward part 
is very wickedness. 

Their throat is an open sepulchre ; 
they flatter with their tongue. * 
Judge Thou them, O God! 



Let them fall by their own coun 
sels ; cast them out in the multitude 
of their transgressions, * for they 
have rebelled against Thee, O Lord ! 

And let all those that put their 
trust in Thee, rejoice : * let them 
ever shout for joy, because Thou 
dwellest in them : 

Let them also that love Thy Name 
be joyful in Thee. * For Thou wilt 
bless the righteous. 

LORD, Thou hast compassed us 
* with Thy favour as with a shield. 

Third Antiphon. Thou hast 
crowned him * with glory and 
honour in all the earth. 

Psalm VIII. 

[Intituled " A Psalm of David." It has 
also a title which seems to show that it was 
a song for the vintage.] 

OLORD, our Lord, * how ex 
cellent is Thy Name in all 
the earth ! 

For Thy glory is exalted * above 
the heavens. 

1 Out of the mouth of babes and 
sucklings hast Thou perfected praise 
because of Thine enemies, * that 
Thou mightest destroy the enemy 
and the avenger. 

When I consider Thine heavens, 
the work of Thy fingers : * the moon 
and the stars which Thou hast or 
dained : 

What is man, that Thou art mind 
ful of him? * or the son of man, 
that thou visitest him ? 

Thou hast made him a little lower 
than the angels, Thou hast crowned 
him with glory and honour, * and 
madest him to have dominion over 
the works of Thine hands. 



1 This verse was quoted by our Lord, concerning those who cried Hosannah on Palm 
Sunday, Matt. xxi. 16. 



370 



THE COMMON OF SAINTS. 



Thou hast put all things under 
his feet, * all sheep and oxen, yea, 
and the beasts of the field. 

The fowl of the air, and the fish 
of the sea, * that pass through the 
paths of the sea. 

O LORD, our Lord, * how excel 
lent is Thy Name in all the earth ! 

Verse. O Lord, Thou hast set a 
crown of precious stones 
Answer. Upon his head. 

Fourth Lesson. 

The Lesson is taken from the Ser 
mons of St Austin, Bishop [of 
Hippo.] (44//z on the Saints.) 

PHE illustrious day whereon 
^ the blessed Martyr N. (here 
insert his name) conquered, doth 
this day come round to us again : 
and as the Church doth rejoice with 
him in his glory, so doth she set 
before us his footsteps to be fol 
lowed. For if we suffer, we shall 
also reign with him. In his glorious 
battle we have two things chiefly to 
consider : the hardened cruelty of 
the tormentor, and the unconquered 
patience of the Martyr : the cruelty 
of the tormentor, that we may abhor 
it ; the patience of the Martyr, that 
we may imitate it. Hear what the 
Psalmist saith, complaining against 
sin : " Fret not thyself because of 
the evil-doers, for they shall soon 
dry up like the grass." (xxxvi. i.) 
But touching the patience which is 
to be shown against the evil-doers, 
hear the word wherewith the Apos 
tle moveth us : " Ye have need of 
patience, that ye may receive the 
promise." (Heb. x. 36.) 



Fourth Responsory. 

1 The Lord made him honourable, 
and defended him from his enemies, 
and kept him safe from those that 
lay in wait for him, and gave him 
perpetual glory. 

Verse. He went down with him in 
to the pit, and left him not in bonds. 

Answer. And gave him perpetual 
glory. 

Fifth Lesson. 

SO the patience of the blessed 
Martyr was crowned, and the 
unchastened spite of the tormentor 
is given over to everlasting torture. 
Christ s glorious champion looked 
for this during his battle, and shrank 
not from prison. Like his Head, he 
bore reproach, underwent mocking, 
and feared not for scourges : and as 
many sufferings as for Christ s sake 
he bore before he died, so many 
offerings did he make unto Him of 
himself. He had drunk in the 
Apostles word and kept it deep in 
him: "The sufferings of this pres 
ent time are not worthy to be com 
pared with the glory which shall be 
revealed in us," (Rom. viii. 18,) 
"for our light affliction which is 
but for a moment, worketh for us 
a far more exceeding and eternal 
weight of glory." (2 Cor. iv. 17.) 
Being lifted up above earthly things 
by the love of this promise, and 
tasting beforehand the sweetness of 
the heavenly peace, he was unspeak 
ably moved, and said with the 
Psalmist : " What have I in heaven, 
and what is there upon earth that I 
desire beside Thee ? My flesh and 
my heart faileth : Thou art the God 
of my heart, and God is my portion 
for ever." (Ixxii. 26.) 



1 Wisd. x. 11-14, substituting "Lord" for "Wisdom." 



FOR ONE MARTYR. 



371 



Fifth Responsory. 

X O Lord, Thou hast given him 
his heart s desire, and hast not with- 
holden the request of his lips. 

Verse. For Thou hast prevented 
him with the blessings of sweetness : 
Thou hast set a crown of precious 
stones upon his head. 

Answer. And hast not withh olden 
the request of his lips. 

Sixth Lesson. 

he considered, as far as man s 
weakness is able, through this 
darkness, to fix the eyes of his mind 
upon the eternal things, what is the 
gladness of the city above : and 
being not able to tell it, he cried 
out wondering : " What have I in 
heaven ? " As though he would 
have said : " It passeth my strength, 
it passeth the power of my utterance, 
it goeth beyond the reach of my 
understanding, what is that beauty, 
what is that glory, what is that 
exaltation, wherein, when He hath 
hidden us from the troubling of 
men, in the secret of His presence, 
our Lord JESUS Christ shall change 
our vile body, that it may be fash 
ioned like unto His glorious Body ! " 
(Ps. xxx. 21, Phil. iii. 21.) In sight 
of this perfect liberty he shrank from 
no danger, and quailed before no 
suffering : and if he could have died 
a thousand times, he would not have 
thought himself to have bought it at 
a price high enough. 

Sixth Responsory. 

2 The Lord hath put on him a 
robe of honour, and put about his 
head a crown of joy. 

1 Ps. xx. 2, 3. 



Verse. With the bread of life and 
understanding hath the Lord fed 
him, and given him the water of 
health and wisdom to drink. 

Answer. And put about his head 
a crown of joy. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer. And put about his head 
a crown of joy. 

THIRD NOCTURN. 

First Antiphon. The righteous 
LORD * loveth righteousness : His 
countenance doth behold upright 
ness. 

Psalm X. 

[Intituled "Of David." There is also a 
superscription perhaps musical, but now of 
uncertain meaning.] 

T N the LORD put I my trust ; 
* how say ye to my soul, * 
Flee as a bird to the mountain ? 

For lo, the wicked bend their bow, 
they make ready their arrows in the 
quiver, * that they may privily shoot 
at the upright in heart. 

For they have destroyed that 
which Thou hast established : * 
and what hath the righteous done ? 

The LORD is in His holy temple : 
* the LORD S throne is in heaven. 

His eyes behold the poor : * His 
eyelids try the children of men. 

The LORD trieth the righteous 
and the wicked : * but he that lov 
eth iniquity hateth his own soul. 

Upon the wicked He shall rain 
snares : * fire, and brimstone, and 
an horrible tempest, this shall be 
the portion of their cup. 

For the righteous LORD loveth 

3 Altered from Ecclus. vi. 32 ; xv. 3. 



372 



THE COMMON OF SAINTS. 



righteousness : * His countenance 
doth behold uprightness. 

Second Antiphon. He shall dwell 
* in Thy tabernacle, He shall rest 
upon Thy holy hill. 

Psalm XIV. 
[Intituled "A Psalm of David."] 

T ORD, who shall abide in Thy 
*-* tabernacle ? * who shall 
dwell in Thine holy hill ? 

He that walketh uprightly, * and 
worketh righteousness. 

He that speaketh the truth in his 
heart, * he that deceiveth not with 
his tongue. 

He that hath not done evil to his 
neighbour, * nor taken up a reproach 
against his neighbour. 

In whose eyes a vile person is 
despised : * but he honoureth them 
that fear the LORD. 

He that sweareth to his neighbour, 
and deceiveth him not, * he that 
putteth not out his money to usury, 
nor taketh reward against the in 
nocent. 

He that doeth these things, * 
shall never be moved. 

Third Antipho?i. O Lord, Thou 
hast set a crown * of precious stones 
upon his head. 

Psalm XX. 

[This Psalm also bears the same title as 
the xviiith.] 



king shall joy in Thy 
strength, O LORD : * and in 
Thy salvation how greatly shall he 
rejoice ! 

Thou hast given him his heart s 
desire, * and hast not withholden 
the request of his lips. 1 

1 SLH. 



For Thou hast met him with the 
blessings of sweetness : * Thou hast 
set a crown of precious stones upon 
his head. 

He asked life of Thee : * and 
Thou gavest him length of days for 
ever and ever. 

His glory is great in Thy salva 
tion : * honour and great majesty 
shalt Thou lay upon him. 

For Thou wilt give him to be a 
blessing for ever : * Thou shalt 
make him exceeding glad with Thy 
countenance. 

For the king trusteth in the 
LORD, * and, through the mercy 
of the Most High, he shall not be 
moved. 

Thine hand shall find out all 
thine enemies : * thy right hand 
shall find out all those that hate 
thee. 

Thou shalt make them as a fiery 
oven in the time of thine anger : * 
the LORD shall cut them off in His 
wrath, and the fire shall devour 
them. 

Their fruit shalt thou destroy from 
the earth, * and their seed from 
among the children of men. 

For they intended evil against 
thee : * they imagined a device, 
which they were not able to per 
form. 

Therefore shalt thou cast them 
behind thee : * thou shalt leave 
their faces lying in thy track. 

Be Thou exalted, O LORD, in 
Thine own strength : * we will sing 
and praise Thy power. 

Verse. 2 His glory is great in 
Thy salvation. 

Answer. Honour and great ma 
jesty shalt Thou lay upon him. 

2 Ps. xx. 4. 



FOR ONE MARTYR. 



373 



Seventh Lesson, 

The Lesson is taken from the Holy 
Gospel according to Luke (xiv. 
26.) 

A T that time : JESUS said unto 
^~*- the multitudes : If any man 
come to Me, and hate not his fa 
ther, and mother, and wife, and 
children, and brethren, and sisters, 
yea, and his own life also, he cannot 
be My disciple. And so on. 

Homily by Pope St Gregory [the 
Great,] (37^ on the Gospels.} 

Dearly beloved brethren, if we 
consider what and how great things 
are promised unto us in heaven, all 
things which are upon earth grow 
poor to our mind. For when this 
world s goods are reckoned against 
the gladness above, they are found 
to be a clog rather than an help. 
This present life being compared to 
life eternal, ought rather to be called 
death than life. For what is the 
daily failing of our corruption but, 
as it were, a creeping death ? But 
what tongue is there that can tell, or 
what understanding that can com 
prehend how great is the rejoicing 
in the city above, where they have 
part with the choirs of Angels, where 
they stand with the most blessed 
spirits before the glory of the 
Creator, where they see the face of 
God present, where they behold the 
Incomprehensible Light, where they 
have no fear of death, and where 
they rejoice eternally incorruptible ? 

Seventh Responsory. 

1 A crown of gold upon his 
head, wherein is engraved Holiness, 



an ornament of honour, a costly 
work. 

Verse. For Thou hast prevented 
him with the blessings of sweetness, 
Thou hast set a crown of precious 
stones upon his head. 

Answer. Wherein is engraved 
Holiness, an ornament of honour, 
a costly work. 

Eighth Blessing. 

He whose feast-day we are keeping 
Be our Advocate with God. 

Righth Lesson. 

\ \J HEN we hear these things 
* * our hearts burn within us ; 
and we long to be already there, 
where we hope to rejoice for ever. 
But we cannot attain unto great 
rewards, save through great labour. 
Therefore saith the excellent preach 
er Paul : " He is not crowned, ex 
cept he strive lawfully." (2 Tim. ii. 
5.) The greatness of the reward 
doth delight our mind ; let not the 
throes of the struggle dishearten us. 
Therefore the Truth saith unto every 
one that cometh unto Him : " If any 
man come to Me, and hate not his 
father and mother, and wife, and 
children, and brethren, and sisters, 
yea, and his own life also, he cannot 
be My disciple." 

Eighth Responsory. 

This is a Martyr indeed, who 
shed his blood for Christ s Name s 
sake ; who feared not for the threats 
of judges, nor sought to be great with 
the glory of this world, but pressed 
on unto the kingdom of heaven. 

Verse. 2 The Lord guided the 



1 Altered from Ecclus. xlv. 14. 

2 Wisd. x. 10, again substituting "the Lord" for "Wisdom. 



374 



THE COMMON OF SAINTS. 



righteous in right paths, and showed 
him the kingdom of God. 

Ansiver. Who feared not for the 
threats of judges, nor sought to be 
great with the glory of this world, 
but pressed on unto the kingdom 
of heaven. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer. Who feared not for the 
threats of judges, nor sought to be 
great with the glory of this world, 
but pressed on unto the kingdom 
of heaven. 

Upon a few occasions, instead of the 
above, the following is the Eighth Re- 
sponsory. 

1 O Lord, Thou hast prevented 
him with the blessings of sweet 
ness ; Thou hast set a crown of 
precious stones upon his head. 

Verse. He asked life of Thee, 
and Thou gavest him length of days 
for ever and ever. 

Answer. Thou hast set a crown 
of precious stones upon his head. 

Verse. Glory be to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer. Thou hast set a crown 
of precious stones upon his head. 

Ninth Lesson. 

BUT it may be asked how we 
are commanded in one place 
to hate our parents, and them that 
are near us in the flesh, and in an 
other place to love even our enemies. 
And, verily, the Truth hath said, 
as touching a wife : " What God 
hath joined together, let not man 

1 Ps. xx. 4. 
3 John viii. 12. 



put asunder." (Matth. xix. 6.) And 
Paul saith : " Husbands, love your 
wives, even as Christ also loved the 
Church." (Eph. v. 25.) Behold, 
the disciple commandeth a man 
to love his wife, and the Master 
saith : " If any man hate not his 
wi