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Full text of "Roosevelt riddles"



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From the collection of the 

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ROOSEVELT RIDDLES 



"In an age where there has been a steady tendency to 
rob the individual citizen of his power and influence in 
his Government through bureaucracy, we deem it our 
duty to vigorously protest any further encroachment in 
this direction, and especially with respect to taxation" 

Signed by Senators: 

PAT HARRISON, Miss. 
WM. H. KING, Utah. 
WALTER F. GEORGE, Ga. 
DAVID I. WALSH, Mass. 
ALBEN W. BARKLEY, Ky. 
ELMER THOMAS, Okla. 
TOM CONNALLY, Texas. 

Above quotation is from Congressional Record. For 
detailed citation see Q. 272. 



RUSSELL MOORE 

ROOSEVELT 
RIDDLES 




DOUBLEDAY, DORAN & COMPANY, INC. 
Garden City 1936 New York 



PRINTED AT THE Country Lift PrfSS, GARDEN CITY, N. Y., U. S. A. 



COPYRIGHT, 1936 

BY DOUBLEDAY, DORAN & COMPANY, INC. 
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED 

FIRST EDITION 



FOREWORD 

WILL the Roosevelt Administration withstand the acid 
test of facts? This book replies to that question by 
answering others. 

Answers to questions contained herein are largely 
from official sources, and in every instance are believed 
to be accurate. 

The author and his co-authors concede that some 
of the facts presented are subject to interpretation as 
both favorable and unfavorable to the Administration. 
Nevertheless, they are facts. Authority for any state- 
ment may be secured by writing the author in care of 
the publisher of this book, enclosing ten cents in stamps 
and a stamped return envelope. 

RUSSELL MOORE 



CONTENTS 

BUSINESS / 
THE CONSTITUTION // 

FARMING 14 

FINANCE 28 
LABOR 33 

METHODS jp 
MISCELLANEOUS 44 
POLICY 52 
RELIEF 61 
TAXES 67 
INDEX 77 



ROOSEVELT RIDDLES 



BUSINESS 

I 

Q. What was the "breathing spell"? 

A. The assurance by President Roosevelt that he 

would permit business a temporary respite from 

new regulation and legislation. 

2 

Q. How does the construction of new houses in 1935 
compare with 1929? 

A. Residential construction in 1935 was about 17 per 
cent of 1929. 

3 

Q. What is the Washington address of Professor 
Tugwell's Resettlement Administration? 

A. It is located in 27 different buildings in Washing- 
ton. 

4 

Q. How does industrial production under the Roose- 
velt Administration compare with foreign coun- 
tries? 

A. March 1935 percentage of 1929 industrial 
production was: U. S. 74.8; Canada 79.4; Ger- 
many 87.2; Great Britain 103.8; Japan 132.5. 

5 

Q. Has private business paid out more money than 
earned? 

A. In five years of depression, private business paid 
out $26,631,000,000 more than income, for 
wages, materials, dividends, interest and taxes. 



6 

Q. In how many fields of private business does the 

Roosevelt Administration compete? 
A. Estimated 200. Congressional hearing. 

7 
Q. How much is the Roosevelt Administration 

spending for federal power projects? 
A. Estimated $1,073,302,000. Some of this cost 

will be chargeable to irrigation. 

8 

Q. How many TVA employees receive more than 

$5000 a year? 
A. 89. 

9 
Q. How much will the TVA construction cost the 

American people? 
A. Estimated $265,000,000. 

10 
Q. Will the TVA power plants be paid for by thr 

people who use the power? 
A. No. The plants are constructed from federai 

funds collected from all taxpayers. 

ii 

Q. Have the Antitrust laws ever been waived? 
A. NRA codes provided for waiver of the Sherman 
Antitrust Act. 

12 

Q. What was the "Erler NRA case"? 

A. Because of ailment, Miss Ada Erler's physician 
advised i>i hours for lunch. Under NRA her 
employer was liable to criminal prosecution if he 
gave more than an hour. Employer J. A. Ochs 
asked NRA permission November 16, 1934, and 
received it January 4, 1935. 

2 



13 

Q. What is meant by the statement: "God and the 
Supreme Court saved the New Deal"? 

A. The charge that if the Supreme Court had not 
invalidated the NRA it would have completely 
collapsed, and that the drought of 1934 saved 
AAA from complete failure. 

14 

Q. Did the NRA bring increased industrial produc- 
tion? 

A. Professor Garfield V. Cox, University of Chicago, 
said: "The four months drop in industrial pro- 
duction which followed the introduction of the 
NRA has been equaled only by the panic collapses 
of 1893 an d I 97* The advance which has fol- 
lowed the Schechter decision against NRA is the 
broadest and best sustained rise of recovery to 
date." 

15 

Q. Was there an increase or decrease in freight car- 
loadings after the Supreme Court declared the 
NRA unconstitutional? 

A. Freight carloading index was 61.5 for last month 
of NRA. Six months later it was 66. 

16 
Q. Did industrial activity increase or decrease with 

the collapse of NRA? 
A. Department of Commerce index of industrial 

activity for last month of NRA was 78.4. Six 

months later it was 90.5. 

17 

Q. How many codes were written under the NRA? 
A. 602. 557 were basic codes. Also 190 supplements 
and 838 amendments. 



i8 

Q. What conclusion was made by the Brookings In- 
stitution on the NRA? 

A. The final chapter of a Brookings publication says : 
"The conclusion indicated by this resume is that 
the NRA on the whole retarded recovery. To 
what extent it was detrimental no one can say 
with much assurance" 

19 

Q. Was there any limitation on President Roosevelt 
in the formation of NRA codes? 

A. The President could change these codes, rewrite 
them, reject them, as he saw fit. They then as- 
sumed the force of law, of course within the wide 
limitations of the act creating NRA. 

20 

Q. When did the Supreme Court hold the NRA un- 
constitutional? 
A. May 27, 1935. 

21 

Q. What was the "dead chicken" case? 
A. This is the same as the Schechter case, in which 
the Supreme Court found the NRA unconstitu- 
tional. 

22 

Q. What is meant by the "Little NRA"? 
A. This refers to the Guffey Coal bill, which estab- 
lishes the principles of NRA in the coal business. 

23 

Q. How much has the Roosevelt Administration cost 
the country? 

A. The Administration will have spent approxi- 
mately $24,100,000,000 in 1934, 1935 and 1936. 

4 



24 

Q. What is the Ellenbogen bill? 
A. This is a federal measure designed to establish 
the principles of NRA in the textile industry. 

25 
Q. Is the United States government in the business 

of manufacturing rum? 
A. Yes. In the Virgin Islands. 

26 
Q. Does President Roosevelt have the power to raise 

or lower tariffs? 
A. He can change them 50 per cent. 

27 . 

Q. Does the American businessman have an oppor- 
tunity to be heard in opposition to the reduction 
of tariffs? 

A. The reciprocal treaties are negotiated in absolute 
secrecy, and while a businessman may enter a 
protest, he has no way of knowing what negotia- 
tions are being made. 

28 

Q. Can President Roosevelt negotiate treaties with- 
out ratification by the Senate? 

A. The Democratic Congress gave him the power to 
negotiate trade agreements with foreign coun- 
tries. 

29 

Q. What is meant by "reciprocal trade agreement"? 

A. President Roosevelt has absolute power to enter 
into agreements with foreign nations to reduce 
our tariffs in return for trade concessions. These 
are the reciprocal trade agreements. 



, 3 

Q. How do wages in England compare with those in 

this country? 
A. Wages in England are lower by about one third. 

3i 

Q. Has President Roosevelt reduced the tariff on 
lumber? 

A. Under Canadian treaty the tariff on wood strips 
was reduced $2.00 per 1000 feet. This was a 50 
per cent reduction. Certain other tariffs were pro- 
portionately reduced. 

32 
Q. What portion of the morning newspaper stock 

comes from abroad? 
A. About one half of the paper stock is imported. 

33 
Q. Does the Roosevelt Administration favor public 

ownership of the Federal Reserve banks? 
A. Secretary of the Treasury Morgenthau publicly 

declared himself to be in favor of this. 

34 

Q. How many persons are normally employed in the 
manufacturing industries? 

A. According to W. J. Cameron, Ford Motor Com- 
pany, 8,800,000. 

35 

Q. Has Walter E. Spahr, Professor of Economics, 
New York University, expressed an opinion 
about New Deal spending? 

A. On April 5, 1935, he said: "All the evidence I 
have seen regarding the wisdom of attempting to 
induce business recovery and solve the unemploy- 
ment problem by a program of public construe- 

6 



tion would seem to show that the program is a 
failure and constitutes a real danger to recovery" 

36 

Q. Has the HOLC collected all money due from 
loans? 

A. 70 per cent of these loans were delinquent on due 
date, 1 8 per cent were delinquent more than 
ninety days on interest, and 26 per cent were de- 
linquent more than ninety days on principal. 
March 1936. 

37 
Q. By how many persons has President Roosevelt 

increased the federal pay roll? 
A. April 1933 to April 1936 increase was 255,479, 

exclusive of relief employees. 1,089,639 are now 

employed, including military. 

38 

Q. Is it true that a CCC worker received a check for 
$250,000 when the government owed him only 
$36? 

A. Ray Williams, CCC worker in Sequoia National 
Park, received a relief check for $250,000.22 in 
the envelope which should have contained his pay 
check. 

39 

Q. What government agency has been lending money 
to units of a holding company President Roose- 
velt has attacked? 

A. The Rural Electrification Administration makes 
loans to operating companies of the Associated 
Gas and Electric Company. 

40 

Q. What is the "Reedsville fiasco"? 
A. The Roosevelt Administration set up 190 ready- 
built houses at Reedsville, West Virginia; some 



did not fit the foundations, others had to be re- 
built. The taxpayers* loss estimated at about 
$3000 on each house. 

41 

Q. Who said : "We must merge; we must consolidate 
subdivisions of Government; we must abolish use- 
less offices"? 

A. Mr Roosevelt, campaign speech, Chicago. 

42 
Q. How many new bureaus have been created by the 

Roosevelt Administration? 
A. Approximately 100. 

43 

Q. What official titles are given to the assistants of 
Professor Tugwell in the Resettlement Admin- 
istration? 

A. There are : 7 Assistant Administrators, i Assist- 
ant to the Administrator, i Assistant to the 
Assistant Administrator, 4 Special Assistants to 
the Administrator, i Executive Assistant, i As- 
sistant to the Executive Assistant. 

44 

Q. Who made the charge that Professor Tugwell's 
Resettlement Administration sent 1400 checks to 
persons in Wyoming who did not seek them? 

A. Senator Robert D. Carey, of Wyoming, on 
April 10, 1936. 

. 45 . 
Q. Who sponsored legislation making possible the 

construction of Tugwelltown ? 
A. Professor Rexford Tugwell. 

4 6 

Q. Who said, "The tremendous tax burden makes it 
almost certain that the young man and the young 

8 



woman of today will find it practically impossible 
to build up any reasonable competence for his or 
her old age"? 

A. J. Kenneth Bradley, youthful Connecticut State 
Senator. 

47 

Q. What is "Tuguoelltown"? 

A. This is a community being built near Washing- 
ton, D. C., from government funds, by Professor 
Rexford Tugwell, through the Resettlement Ad- 
ministration. The official name is "Green Belt" 



Q. What are the principal new bureaus of the Roose- 
velt Administration? 

A. SEIB, EIB, RFC, NRA, FCA, FDIC, FHLB, 
FHA, WPA, FERA, AAA, PA, PWA, NEC, 
ECW, HOLC, FSRC, FACA, CSB, TVA, REA, 
RA, EHC, FCC, SEC, CCC, NLRB, SSB. (See 
footnote. ) 

49 

Q. Do Americans use many articles made in Japan? 
A. The average American home contains 24 articles 
made in Japan. 

FOOTNOTE: Second Export-Import Bank; Export-Import Bank; Recon- 
struction Finance Corporation; National Recovery Administration; 
Farm Credit Administration; Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation; 
Federal Home Loan Bank; Federal Housing Administration; Works 
Progress Administration; Federal Emergency Relief Administration; 
Agricultural Adjustment Administration; Petroleum Administration; 
Public Works Administration; National Emergency Council; Emer- 
gency Conservation Work ; Home Owners' Loan Corporation ; Federal 
Surplus Relief Corporation; Federal Alcohol Control Administration; 
Central Statistical Board; Tennessee Valley Authority; Rural Electri- 
fication Administration ; Resettlement Administration ; Emergency 
Housing Corporation; Federal Communications Commission; Securi- 
ties of Exchange Commission; Commodity Credit Corporation; Na- 
tional Labor Relations Board; Social Security Board. 



50 
Q. What wages are paid unskilled labor in China 

and Japan? 
A. 15^ to 350 per day. 

B 5i 

Q. Will the trans-Florida Canal be completed? 

A. President Roosevelt ordered the trans-Florida 
Canal WPA project started. He set aside $5,000,- 
ooo. Canal estimated to cost $147,000,000. Con- 
gress has refused further funds. May 16, 1936. 

52 
Q. What did General Hagood have to say about the 

availability of WPA funds ? 
A. He said : "It is harder for me to get five cents to 

buy a lead pencil than to get $1000 to teach 

hobbies to CCC boys" 

53 

Q. Has President Roosevelt made the Reconstruc- 
tion Finance Corporation a self-supporting 
agency? 

A. RFC is carrying on its books as assets $280,- 
000,000 in relief loans to states, which were can- 
celed by act of the 73d Congress. The corporation 
has lost money. 

54 

Q. Who said : "Bureaucracy is a name of evil import. 
Regulation is a term behind which every form of 
tyranny, great and small, can hide itself? 

A. John W. Davis, January 24, 1936. 



10 



THE CONSTITUTION 

55 
Q. Does the Constitution forbid unlawful search and 

seizure? 
A. Yes. 

56 
Q. Does the Constitution permit federal industrial 

regulation? 
A. No; only interstate commerce. 

57 

Q. Is it true that President Roosevelt asked the Con- 
gress to enact legislation regardless of doubt as 
to its constitutionality? 

A. Yes. In a letter to the chairman of a committee 
considering the Guffey Coal bill. 

58 

Q. In what connection did the phrase "Gold Clause" 

become a byword? 
A. When the government repudiated its contract to 

redeem federal bonds and other obligations in 

gold or equivalent. 

59 

Q. By what vote did the Supreme Court uphold 
President Roosevelt's abrogation of gold con- 
tracts? 

A. 5 to 4. 



6o 

Q. What political party advocates states' rights? 
A. Until President Roosevelt was elected the Demo- 

cratic party was known as the States' Rights 

party. 

61 
Q. Who charged that President Roosevelt has advo- 

cated the suppression of the ten Articles in the 

Bill of Rights? 
A. Jouett Shouse, former executive of the Demo- 

cratic National Committee, and present head of 

the Liberty League. 

62 
Q. How many members of the Supreme Court voted 

the NRA unconstitutional? 
A. The decision was unanimous. 

63 

Q. Who is responsible for repudiation of contracts 
to pay public obligations in gold of a certain 
weight and fineness? 

A. President Roosevelt issued this order. 



Q. What was the occasion on which President Roose- 
velt termed the NRA decision as carrying us back 
to the "horse-and-buggy days' 9 ? 

A. A press conference, May 31, 1935. 

65 
Q. Who declared President Roosevelt's "horse-and- 

buggy" speech to be impudent and improper? 
A. Jouett Shouse, former executive of the Demo- 
cratic National Committee. 

12 



66 

Q. When did the Supreme Court first pass on the 

constitutionality of legislation? 
A. 1804. 

67 
Q. How did Secretary of Agriculture Wallace re- 

ceive the Supreme Court decision outlawing proc- 

essing taxes? 
A. He said it paved the way for "the greatest legal- 

ized steal in history/' 

68 
Q. How many federal laws signed by President 

Roosevelt have been declared invalid? 
A. 10 federal laws at this writing (May 15, 1936). 

During the country's first 75 years, only 2 laws 

were held unconstitutional. 



Q. Is the President sworn to preserve the Constitu- 

tion? 
A. By the presidential oath: "will to the best of my 

ability, preserve, protect and defend the Con- 

stitution of the United States." 



FARMING 

70 

Q. Has the Agriculture Department paid penitentia- 
ries for not growing farm products? 

A. Yes. $43,200 to Mississippi penitentiary and $25,- 
500 to Arkansas penitentiary for not growing 
cotton. 

?i 
Q. What was the largest amount paid to any farmer 

for not growing cotton in 1934? 
A. Under one Arkansas contract the AAA paid 

$115,700. 

72 
Q. What was the amount of the largest corn-hog 

contract ? 
A. AAA paid one corn-hog farming company $157,- 

020, less administrative expenses. 

73 

Q. Is it true the American farmer has lost his foreign 
market for grain corn? 

A. Practically. In 1932, American farmers sold 
7,886,000 bushels of grain corn abroad, but in 
1935 only 177,382 bushels were sold abroad. 

74 
Q. Did the processing tax directly increase the selling 

price of corn? 
A. No. When the processing tax was removed the 

price of corn went up. 



75 

Q. How much land would be necessary to grow the 
corn imported from foreign countries last year? 
A. About 2,000,000 acres. 



Q. How much corn was brought into this country 

from foreign nations in 1935? 
A. 43,242,296 bushels, as compared with 106,000 

bushels in 1933. 

77 
Q. Since President Roosevelt was inaugurated, how 

many pounds of meat products have been im- 

ported? 
A. Over 240,000,000 pounds. 

78 

Q. Who said: "We must at once take the Farm 
Board out of speculation in wheat and cot- 
ton . . ."? 

A. Franklin D. Roosevelt, in June 1932. 

79 

Q. How much cotton is held by the government? 
A. 4,598,854 bales of 500 pounds average each. 

80 

Q. Has the amount of wheat the United States sells 
to foreign countries declined since Roosevelt 
came into office? 

A. In 1932 this country sold 54,879,484 bushels of 
wheat abroad. In 1935 we sold 232,965 bushels 
to foreign countries. Almost the entire market 
for wheat has been lost. Last year we imported 
over 27,000,000 bushels. 

'5 



8i 

Q. Has the AAA paid more than $10,000 in wheat 

benefits to any one person ? 
A. One wheat contract in Kansas paid $78,600. 

82 
Q. By what percentage have the importations of 

wheat increased from 1933 to 1935? 
A. About 1000 times, or 100,000 per cent. 

83 

Q. How much wheat do we import from foreign 

countries? 
A. We have just begun to import wheat in large 

quantities. In 1935 we imported 27,438,870 

bushels. 

8 4 

Q. How much hay was imported into this country 
in 1935? 

A. 67,171 tons. The tariff has been reduced on Ca- 
nadian hay. In 1932 we imported only 13,858 
tons. 

85 

Q. How have President Roosevelt's reciprocal trade 
agreements affected the price of dairy cows? 

A. Prices of dairy cattle dropped $13 a head when 
the Canadian Trade Agreement went into effect. 

86 
Q. Did President Roosevelt promise to keep up 

farm tariffs? 
A. October 25, 1932, Baltimore, Mr Roosevelt said: 

"Of course it is absurd to talk of lowering duties 

on farm products" 

16 



87 
Q. Has President Roosevelt lowered tariff rates on 

farm products? 
A. Yes. Particularly on cattle, hay, cream, poultry, 

fruits and vegetables. 

88 
Q. What was the value of food products imported 

into the United States in 1935? 
A. $641,149,474, including beverages. This was an 

increase of about 60 per cent over 1932. 

89 
Q. How does the value of importations of food 

products compare with the amount of money spent 

on the New Deal farm program? 
A. In three years the AAA spent something over 

$1,000,000,000 for benefit payments to farmers. 

The value of food products imported into the 

United States in 1935 alone was $603,166,307. 

90 

Q. Have general importations from foreign coun- 
tries increased under President Roosevelt? 

A. In 1935 importations increased 24 per cent; ex- 
ports increased 7 per cent. 

9i 
Q. Did the farmers receive all the money collected 

in processing taxes? 
A. No. Some of it went to defray the salaries of 

255,000 new employees of the government. 

92 

Q. Did the AAA make benefit payments to persons 
who rented land? 

A. Thomas D. Campbell, of Montana, received 
$21,136 for not growing wheat on land rented 
from the Crow Indians at 50^ to $1.50 per acre. 

17 



93 

Q. What is meant by the 'Wallace seed racket"? 

A. Secretary Wallace is president (1935) of the 
Hi-Bred Corn Company, Des Moines, Iowa. 
James W. Wallace, secretary. This company ad- 
vertises seed corn which will increase the yield of 
corn per acre by 1 1 bushels, or more than 25 per 
cent. Secretary Wallace pays the farmer for plow- 
ing under 25 per cent of his corn. The farmer can 
take some of this money and buy Secretary Wal- 
lace's seed corn. If this seed corn does what Secre- 
tary Wallace claims, it will increase the yield of 
the remaining acreage by as much as would have 
been grown on the land plowed under. The racket 
is that Secretary Wallace profits by the sale of the 
seed corn and the farmer grows more corn on 
three fourths of his land than on his whole farm. 

94 

Q. Are any officials of the Department of Agriculture 
working for a foreign concern? 

A. Oscar Johnston, a per diem adviser to Secretary 
Wallace, receives $25,000 a year from a British- 
controlled concern for managing their cotton lands 
in Mississippi. 

95 
Q. Who controls and operates the largest cotton 

plantations which received AAA benefits? 
A. A British-controlled company called the Delta 

Land and Pine Company, operating 50,000 acres 

in Mississippi. 

9 6 

Q. How can the building of huge dams, like those of 
the TVA, hurt the farmer? 

A. Morris Cooke, expert on soil conservation, de- 
clares that such dams take the water off the land 

18 



into the big rivers, thereby contributing to dust 
storms. 

97 

Q. What is meant by "nationalization of land"? 

A. Many claim the Roosevelt Administration intends 
to nationalize agriculture by ownership or control 
of all farmlands. 10,000,000 acres have been 
bought by the New Deal, and approximately one 
third of all farm mortgages are now in Federal 
Land banks. 



Q. Is it true that AAA employees make any benefit 
payment, in any amount, without being subject to 
audit? 

A. The law reads: "Notwithstanding any other pro- 
vision of the law the action of any officer or em- 
ployee in determining the amount of or in making 
any payment under this bill shall not be subject 
to review or audit except by the Secretary of 
Agriculture" 

99 
Q. What did Thomas Jefferson have to say about 

control of agriculture? 
A. He said: "Were we directed from Washington 

when to sow, and when to reap, we should soon 

want bread" 

100 

Q. Has the government subsidized foreign farming 

enterprises? 
A. The Delta and Pine Land Company of Scott, 

Mississippi, is controlled by the Fine Spinners and 

Doublers Association of Manchester, England. 

In 1934 this company received $123,747 for not 

growing cotton on part of its land. 

19 



101 

Q. How many men would be required to produce the 
amount of cotton by which the foreign sales of 
cotton have been reduced under Roosevelt? 

A. About 1,000,000 men to produce it in one year. 

102 

Q. What was Wallace's "hot potato"? 

A. The New Deal Potato Control Act provided that 
no farmer could raise over 5 bushels of potatoes 
without a permit. Public resentment caused the 
law to be dropped. 

103 
Q. Could a person be jailed for a violation of the 

Potato Law? 
A. Second offense for selling potatoes without permit 

or tax certificate carried jail sentence. 

104 
Q. How do importations of butter in 1935 compare 

with 1934? 
A. About 2000 per cent more was imported in 1935 

than in 1934. 

105 

Q. Who said : "It cannot be denied that in practically 
all the so-called reciprocity agreements, the farm- 
ers are getting the worst of the bargain"? 

A. The National Grange Monthly Magazine, March 
1936. 

106 
Q. How do the importations of butter from foreign 

countries in 1935 compare with 1933? 
A. In 1935, 22,600,000 pounds were imported, and 

in 1933, 1,021,000 pounds were imported. 

20 



107 

Q. How much fresh pork was brought into the 
United States from foreign countries last year? 

A. 3,900,000 pounds, as compared with 538,000 
pounds in 1933. 

108 

Q. Is it true that live hogs were imported into the 
United States while American hogs were being 
killed by the Department of Agriculture? 

A. Yes. In 1935, 3A 1 4A 1 7 pounds of live hogs were 
imported. Also 14 hogs were imported for breed- 
ing purposes. 

109 

Q. Who said: "The slaughter of pigs on the pretense 
that by making meat scarce we would create a 
more 'abundant life/ was in truth a New Deal, 
and likewise an idiotic deal"? 

A. Former Democratic Senator James A. Reed, of 
Missouri. 

no 

Q. What is the largest hog reduction contract? 

A. Senator Vandenberg is authority for the state- 
ment that one Iowa farmer received $218,000 for 
not raising hogs on his 445-acre farm. This would 
be the largest. 

in 

Q. How many hogs and pigs were killed by AAA? 

A. 6,188,717 pigs and 223,247 sows due to farrow, 
through September 1933. 

112 

Q. How many of the pigs killed by AAA were proc- 
essed into meat? 

A. 6,188,717 pigs killed. 1,833,650 were processed 
for meat. The rest were used for fertilizer, etc. 

21 



H3 

Q. Has the Roosevelt Administration proposed 
direct taxes on farm products? 

A. After the AAA, Secretary Wallace suggested 
fixed processing taxes on 16 farm products, prin- 
cipally wheat, rye, barley, oats, corn, hogs, cattle, 
sheep and cotton. These were to raise $221,583,- 
ooo. Secretary Morgenthau reiterated the need 
for this tax on April 30, 1936. 

114 

Q. Who charged that the $4,800,000,000 relief fund 

is a corruption fund? 
A. Milo Reno, President, National Farmers' Holi- 

day Association, November 20, 1935. 



Q. If AAA benefit payments were eliminated, would 
farm income in 1935 under AAA control be 
greater or less than in 1934? 

A. Such income would show a loss of about $84,- 
000,000. 

116 

Q. If a farmer wants to be paid regularly for cur- 
tailing production of edibles under the new soil 
conservation law, what must he do? 

A. For one thing, he can plant forest trees on crop 
land and be assured of receiving $5 an acre. 

117 
Q. How many bushels of flax were imported into 

the United States last year, and how much land 

would be required to grow it? 
A. 17,500,000 bushels of flax were imported. This 

would require about 1,750,000 acres of land. 

22 



n8 

Q. How much rye was imported from foreign coun- 
tries last year? 

A. 9,642,523 bushels. In 1932 we exported over 
1,000,000 bushels of rye. 

119 

Q. How much farmland would be required to grow 
the rye imported from foreign countries last 
year? 

A. 640,000 acres at 15 bushels per acre. 

120 
Q. Was any cottonseed oil imported from foreign 

countries in 1935 ? 
A. 166,687,367 pounds of cottonseed oil and 59,- 

743,572 pounds of cottonseed were imported. In 

1932 we had an export market for 55,767,449 

pounds of cottonseed oil. 

121 

Q. Did loss of rental and benefit payments, as a re- 
sult of the Supreme Court decision, hurt the 
farmer? 

A. The Bureau of Agricultural Economics reports 
that cash farm income in February 1936, when 
there were no subsidies, amounted to $68,000,- 
ooo more than in February 1935, when the 
farmers received $51,671,000 for curtailing pro- 
duction. 

122 

Q. Have we imported less raw cotton while cutting 
down our own production under AAA? 

A. Cotton imports were 7,500,000 pounds more dur- 
ing the eight months ending March 31, 1936, 
than for same period in 1935. 

23 



123 

Q. What food products do we import in large quan- 
tities from Canada? 

A. Fresh pork, cattle, cheese, turnips, potatoes, 
cream, milk powder, fresh beef, bacon, hams and 
poultry. 

124 

Q. Has Wallace's Farmer been found guilty of vio- 
lating Antitrust laws? 

A. Wallace's Farmer and four other agricultural 
publications were ordered to pay $37,000 dam- 
ages on charges of violating the Sherman Anti- 
trust laws. Decision was handed down at Chicago 
March 28, 1936. 

125 

Q. Who owns the Hi-Bred Corn Company of Iowa, 
which promises to increase the farmer's yield of 
corn by more than 25 per cent per acre? 

A. Secretary of Agriculture Wallace was president of 
this company (1935). 

126 

Q. Who owns the largest cotton plantation in the 

United States? 
A. A British concern, the Fine Spinners and Doublers 

Association, of Manchester, England. An official 

of the Department of Agriculture is paid $25,000 

a year to manage this farm. 

127 

Q. Did the prices of hogs, corn, cotton and wheat 
fall when the AAA was declared unconstitutional? 
A. No. They went up. 

128 

Q. Is it true that nearly $1,000,000 was paid to one 
contractor in farm benefits? 

24 



A. One Puerto Rican producer was paid $961,064 
for not making cane into sugar. 

129 
Q. Are all cream separators used by American farm- 

ers manufactured in this country? 
A. No. 21,801 were imported last year. 

130 
Q. How do agricultural imports from foreign coun- 

tries in 1935 compare with those of 1932? 
A. 1935 imports were valued at $1,061,564,000* 

1932 value was $642,665,000. 



Q. To what extent have foreign countries displaced 

American cotton sales abroad? 
A. W. L. Clayton, well-known Texas cotton exchange 

head, estimates 11,500,000 bales have been lost 

in last six seasons because of government inter- 

ference. 

132 
Q. How many farmers were paid over $5000 for 

not growing cotton under 1933 contracts? 
A. 227. 

133 

Q. Has Professor Rexford Tugwell declared that 
the United States has too many farmers? 

A. August 4, 1933, he said: "There are more than 
enough farmers as it is. It has been estimated 
that when lands now unfit to till are removed 
from cultivation something around 2,000,000 in- 
dividual* who now farm will have to be absorbed 
by other occupations." 

25 



134 

Q. How much were the administrative expenses of 
theAAA? 

A. To January i, 1936, $78,198,265. 

135 
Q. Is it true that one tobacco planter received 

$41,454 under the AAA 1934 program? 
A. Yes. A Florida concern. 

136 

Q. Has the AAA made any large contracts for not 
growing rice? 

A. Yes. One California contract was for $63,768.75. 

137 
Q. How many contracts to pay more than $25,000 

to rice growers have been made by the AAA? 
A. 19. 

138 
Q. Has the AAA paid more than $1,000,000 in farm 

benefits to any one company? 

A. One Florida corporation has already received 
$1,067,665 in sugar-cane benefits. 

139 

Q. How much was the largest check given by the 
AAA for not growing sugar cane? 

A. The AAA drew one check for $470,313 to a 
Hawaiian planter. Total payments to this planta- 
tion will be $1,022,037.87. 

140 

Q. Has the Department of Agriculture loaned money 
to foreign corporations? 

A. The Agricultural Credit Corporation loaned 
$250,000 to Delta Pine and Land Company, con- 
trolled by a Manchester, England, concern. 

26 



141 

Q. Has the AAA increase in the price of farm prod- 
ucts resulted in a decreased consumption of 
livestock ? 

A. In a single year the American public increased 
its consumption of fish by nearly 30 per cent. Live- 
stock consumption declined. 324,700,032 pounds 
of fish were imported. 

142 
Q. How do the importations of fish from foreign 

countries in 1935 compare with 1934? 
A. Importations increased by 38,548,612 pounds. 

We imported over 324,700,000 pounds last year. 




FINANCE 

143 

Q. Who said: "Let us have the courage to stop bor- 
rowing to meet deficits. Stop the deficits!"? 

A. Franklin D. Roosevelt, in his speech delivered 
July 30, 1932. 

144 

Q. How much money did Congress appropriate dur- 
ing 1935? 

A. $10,281,000,000. 

145 

Q. How much money was spent by the federal gov- 
ernment from George Washington to Woodrow 
Wilson? 

A. During these 124 years, James Warburg esti- 
mates $24,521,845,000. President Roosevelt has 
almost equaled that in three years. 

146 
Q. Who promised "a sound currency to be preserved 

at all hazards"? 
A. That is from the Democratic platform of 1932. 

147 
Q. How much did President Roosevelt decrease the 

value of money in relation to gold? 
A. Approximately 40 per cent. 

148 
Q. Does President Roosevelt have the power to 

change the value of the currency at will ? 
A. Yes, subject to broad limitations. 

28 



149 

Q. What will the public debt be July I, 1937? 
A. The New York State Chamber of Commerce 
estimates between $35,500,000,000 and $37,157,- 
000,000. 

150 

Q. What was the national income for 1934? 
A. Government estimates are $41,000,000,000. 



Q. How does the daily cost of the New Deal this 

year compare with last year? 
A. This year about $1,000,000 per day more than 

last year. 

152 
Q. How much will the annual interest on the national 

debt be at the end of this year? 
A. Approximately $850,000,000. 

153 

Q. How has President Roosevelt raised money for 
his spending program? 

A. Senator Carter Glass, Democrat, declared on 
February 21, 1935: "The banks have been 
brought to a state in which they are literally 
obliged to take Treasury issues whether they 
want them or not . . . a depreciation of 10 per 
cent in Government bonds would render insolvent 
go per cent of the banks of this country" 

154 
Q. How much did the Republican Presidents follow- 

ing Woodrow Wilson cut the public debt? 
A. At the end of the war the debt was over $25,- 

000,000,000. In 1930 it had been cut to a little 

more than $16,000,000,000. 

29 



155 

Q. Who said: "They suffer if the Federal Budget is 
not balanced, and particularly where the deficit 
of one year is not cleared up in the succeeding 
year"? 

A. President Roosevelt, in commenting on federal 
obligations. 

156 

Q. How much is the national debt for the average 

family of four? 
A. $1032.25, according to estimate. 

157 

Q. How much has President Roosevelt increased 
the public debt? 

A. On April 28 the actual increase was $9,192,433,- 
885.13, not including debts of government cor- 
porations such as HOLC, Farm Credit, etc. 



Q. Who is responsible for the statement that this 
country can stand a national debt of $70,000,- 
000,000 ? 

A. President Roosevelt says that some unnamed 
bankers told him this in 1932. 

159 
Q. How much was the public debt when President 

Roosevelt was inaugurated? 
A. $22,000,000,000 plus. 

1 60 
Q. How much will the national debt be at the end of 

this year? 
A. By the end of this fiscal year the debt will be about 

$34,000,000,000, after bonus payments. 

30 



Q. Who said: "We believe that the recent monetary 
policies of the Government have already awak- 
ened distrust of the good faith and credit of the 
United States"? 

A. 15 Yale professors joined in this statement De- 
cember 1933. 

162 

Q. How does the increase in our national debt com- 
pare with other countries? 

A. From 1931 to 1935, the United States national 
debt increased 80 per cent. Since 1929, Great 
Britain's increase was 5 per cent; France 15 per 
cent; Canada 20 per cent; Germany 25 per cent. 

163 

Q. How long did it take the Senate to pass the 
$2,889,000,000 Deficiency Appropriation bill? 

A. 31 minutes. 

164 

Q. What portion of the assets of all banks in the 
Federal Reserve system have been loaned to the 
federal government? 

A. 27 per cent. 



Q. Who said: "Too often in recent history liberal 
governments have been wrecked on the rocks of 
loose fiscal policy"? 

A. Franklin D. Roosevelt. 

166 

Q. How much is the national deficit? 
A. For the three years ending June 30, 1936, the 
Roosevelt deficit will average $3,000,000,000 



per year. For next year Secretary Morgenthau 
estimates the Roosevelt deficit at $5,966,000,000. 

167 

Q. How much of every dollar spent by President 
Roosevelt last year was borrowed? 

A. 49^- 



LABOR 

168 

Q. What is the "Mississippi Factory Fraud"? 

A. In Mississippi, WPA funds were used to erect 
buildings, supposedly as vocational training 
schools, which were, however, eventually to be 
turned over to private manufacturers as textile 
mills. Upon learning the nature of the projects 
WPA stopped further construction from federal 
funds. 

169 

Q. Has Administrator Ickes been successful in re- 
moving the jobless from direct relief to work 
relief? 

A. One tenth of i per cent of the 3,500,000 persons 
transferred are credited to Ickes in a report sent 
to Congress March 16, 1936, by the executive 
branch. 

170 

Q. Who said : "Today men are chosen for work relief 
on the basis of political advantage. WPA in 
Pennsylvania has been degraded into a Demo- 
cratic pie counter"? 

A. Former Governor Pinchot of Pennsylvania. 

171 

Q. Has President Roosevelt materially reduced un- 
employment ? 

A. The American Federation of Labor says 12,- 
626,000 persons are still unemployed. A year ago, 

33 



May 31, 1935, A. F. of L. reported only 11,711,- 
ooo unemployed. 

172 

Q. What did American Federation of Labor 
President William Green have to say about 1936 
unemployment ? 

A. "The fact that we lost ground in a number of in- 
dustries in January, following as it does the loss 
of over 1,000,000 possible jobs in the last half of 
IQ35, augurs ill for the future." 

173 
Q. Does the WPA pay union wages for skilled 

labor? 
A. No. The WPA pays "subsistence wages" in most 

states. 

174 
Q. What percentage of the national income goes for 

wages? 
A. In 1930, 70 per cent went for wages; in 1931, 

76 per cent; in 1932, 83 per cent. No late figures 

are available. 

175 
Q. What part of the national income during the 

"boom" period went to investors? 
A. About one seventh, during the period 1925-29. 

176 

Q. What are "real" wages? 

A. The actual buying power of the amount of money 
earned, rather than the number of dollars. 

177 

Q. Who said : "Nearly everything has been explained 
except why there are more unemployed this year 
than there were last year"? 

34 



A. The Lynchburg (Virginia) News, owned by Sen- 
ator Carter Glass. 



Q. Did average weekly earnings increase or decrease 
immediately after the collapse of the NRA? 

A. During the last month of NRA average earnings 
were $21.76. Six months later, $23.32. 

179 

Q. How many administrative employees under Presi- 
dent Roosevelt are paid from relief funds? 

A. 52,344- 

180 

Q. Was more money spent for direct relief in 1935 

than in 1934? 
A. Yes. $1,826,806,008 was spent in 1935. In 1934 

$1,476,567,194 was spent. 

181 

Q. Who said: "/ want to tell you very simply that 
your National Government is not trying to gain 
political advantage one way or another, out of 
the needs of human beings for relief"? 

A. President Roosevelt, November 15, 1933. 

182 
Q. How many persons earned more than $6000 in 

1934? 
A. 429,090. If all their incomes were confiscated it 

would run the New Deal for only 250 days. 

183 

Q. How many individual life-insurance policy hold- 
ers, savings-bank depositors and home owners 
are there in this country? 

A. 65,000,000 policy holders; 45,000,000 savings 
depositors, and 15,000,000 home owners. 

35 



1 8 4 

Q. How many individuals earn income in this coun- 
try? 

A. About 34,000,000. 

185 

Q. Is it true that 5 per cent of the people own 90 per 
cent of the wealth? 

A. No. The New York Chamber of Commerce esti- 
mates that 5 per cent of the nation's income 
earners receive 20 per cent of the total, and 95 
per cent of the income earners receive 80 per 
cent of the total. 

186 

Q. Who said: "It is highly probable that the eco- 
nomic folly of Government during the last three 
years is directly responsible for a third and per- 
haps a half of the existing unemployment"? 

A. Colonel Henry Breckinridge, Assistant Secretary 
of War in Woodrow Wilson's Cabinet, March 4, 
1936. 

187 

Q. Does President Roosevelt believe in the Civil 
Service ? 

A. Under Hoover 80.08 per cent of government em- 
ployees were under Civil Service. Under Roose- 
velt 57 per cent are in the Civil Service. 

188 

Q. What portion of federal employees are in the 
permanent Civil Service? 

A. 57 per cent. In March 1933 the figure was 80.08 
per cent. 

189 

Q. What portion of the employees President Roose- 
velt has added to the federal pay roll come under 
Civil Service? 

A. Only i out of every 107. 

36 



190 

Q. What is the spoils system? 

A. The system of giving government jobs to political 
favorites. 

191 

Q. How much has President Roosevelt increased the 

cost of living? 
A. 20 per cent. 

192 
Q. What percentage of their wages will workers pay 

under the Social Security Act? 
A. Eventually workers will be taxed 3 per cent of 

their wages. 

193 

Q. Have strikes increased under Roosevelt? 

A. It is estimated that in first 10 months of 1933, 
13,000,000 workdays were lost by strikers. Same 
period 1934, 18,762,000 workdays lost. 

194 

Q. Do we buy petroleum from foreign countries? 
A. In 1935 the United States imported 2,906,570,- 

268 gallons of petroleum and products. Part was 

for re-export. 

195 

Q. What is meant by "quarry to relief to quarry"? 

A. In the St Louis area the WPA leased quarries 
from private operators. Regular employees were 
discharged and WPA workers installed. To get 
their jobs back regular workers had to become 
paupers, go on relief, and go back to work in the 
quarry under WPA. 

37 



196 

Q. Is braid imported into the United States? 

A. 394,495,092 yards of braids, squares, etc., were 
imported from foreign countries in 1935. This is 
an increase of nearly 100 per cent over 1933. 

197 

Q. Are there instances of relief workers being dis- 
charged in order that their jobs may be taken by 
politicians? 

A. One such case : Reva Parmenter, Bloomfield, Mis- 
souri, discharged from position in relief office 
and job filled by stepdaughter of state official. 

198 

Q. How many square yards of cotton cloth were im- 
ported into the United States last year? 

A. 69,714,740 square yards, coming mostly from 
Japan. During the year prior to Roosevelt in- 
auguration only 29,435,733 yards were imported. 

199 

Q. What was the value of paper base stocks, paper 
and manufactures imported from foreign coun- 
tries in 1935? 

A. $175,487,613. In 1932 the value of such imported 
stocks was only $54,446,000. 

200 
Q. Are American imports from foreign countries 

increasing? 
A. From 1932 to 1935 a steady increase of imports 

from $1,322,774,000 to $2,047,287,000. 



METHODS 

2OI 

Q. What is the strongest lobby in the world ? 

A. The Roosevelt Administration. Experts and ad- 
visers appear at almost every committee meeting 
in the United States Senate and House of Repre- 
sentatives. 

202 

Q. What was the "Hagood incident"? 
A. Major General Johnson Hagood was relieved of 

his command because he dubbed WPA relief 

funds "stage money." 

203 

Q. Is political censorship enforced on army officers 
who testify in closed hearings? 

A. By order of the President, Major General John- 
son Hagood was relieved of his command for 
criticizing WPA policies, although behind closed 
doors. 

204 

Q. Why was the United States Marine Band ordered 
not to play before the Association of Patriotic 
Women of America ? 

A. Because former Democratic Secretary of State 
Bainbridge Colby, in speaking before that associa- 
tion, criticized the New Deal. 

39 



205 

Q. What is the Black Committee? 

A. A committee of Senators investigating lobbies, 
which sprung into the news after the wholesale 
seizure of telegrams in the Western Union office 
at Washington, D. C. 

206 

Q. What gave rise to the charge that the broad- 
casting companies were dominated by President 
Roosevelt? 

A. In December 1935 the large broadcasting chains 
refused to sell time for the broadcast of political 
dramas to the Republican National Committee. 

207 

Q. What is meant by the "Black inquisition"? 
A. This refers to the activities of the Black Commit- 
tee mentioned above. 

208 
Q. What telegrams were subject to examination by 

the Black Committee? 
A. All telegrams, public and private, which came 

into the city of Washington during the six months 

beginning February 1935. 

209 

Q. How many private telegrams did the Black Com- 
mittee seize? 

A. Over 13,000 private telegrams. It is charged that 
the committee investigators culled over 5,000,000 
telegrams. 

210 

Q. May the sender of a telegram reasonably expect 
its privacy will not be violated? 

A. The Black Committee claimed it had the right to 
read any telegrams of record. 

40 



211 

Q. Has the Black Committee seized the telegrams 
of any organization favorable to the Roosevelt 
Administration ? 

A. No. All are opposed to one or more of the Roose- 
velt policies. 

212 

Q. What is meant by "Reign of Terror"? 

A. Many practices by the Roosevelt Administration 
tending to intimidate individuals and organiza- 
tions who criticize the New Deal are referred to 
as the "Reign of Terror" Examples are the 
Hagood incident and the confiscation of telegrams 
by the Black Committee. 

213 

Q. Are photographs permitted on walls of the Sen- 
ate chamber? 

A. Yes. Senator Metcalf of Rhode Island exhibited 
over 50 large pictures of closed cotton mills dur- 
ing his fight on the processing tax. 

214 

Q. Does the Roosevelt Administration suppress some 
of its own reports? 

A. An extremely important report compiled under 
the direction of cabinet officers Perkins, Hull and 
Cummings, has been suppressed for six months. 
It recommends changes in the nationalization 
laws. 

215 

Q. Is the information in an income-tax return kept 
secret by the Treasury ? 

A. Under federal law the names of all persons re- 
ceiving salaries over $15,000 are sent to Con- 
gress ; they are public property. 



216 

Q. Who said that $1,000,000, or more than one 
third of the entire amount of relief funds for one 
district in West Virginia, went to political hench- 
men instead of people who needed relief? 

A. Senator Rush D. Holt, Democrat, of West Vir- 
ginia. 

217 

Q. Does the Administration uphold the belief that 
the army and navy must keep out of politics? 

A. It ordered the Marine Band to retire from a 
patriotic conference when a speaker criticized the 
New Deal but assigned two companies of infantry 
to march in a Democratic political parade in 
Baltimore. 

218 

Q. How has the Roosevelt Administration referred 
to its critics? 

A. Some of the words used are : "rascals," "leeches" 
"bloodsuckers," "brigands," "chiselers," "pur- 
veyors of mendacity," "crooks," and "emissaries 
of entrenched greed" 

219 

Q. What are the "Pay or Else" letters? 
A. Letters sent relief workers by Democratic com- 
mittees, asking cash contributions under threat of 
discharge. A sample is letter to relief workers in 
Indiana County, Pennsylvania, signed by Demo- 
cratic chairman of county committee. 

220 
Q. Is it illegal for the government to hire press 

agents at the expense. of the taxpayer? 
A. Yes, but the Roosevelt Administration gets around 

the law by calling them by other names. 

42 



221 

Q. How many press agents have been hired by the 
Roosevelt Administration? Are they paid by the 
taxpayer? 

A. Estimates are from 500 to 2000. Yes. 

222 

Q. Does the Roosevelt Administration pay high sal- 
aries to press agents? 

A. J. Edgar Hoover's press agent gets more than his 
boss. The AAA's press agent receives as much as 
a United States Senator. 

223 

Q. Are funds solicited from WPA workers by threat- 
ening their jobs? 

A. Letter from Democratic finance committee, Erie, 
Pennsylvania, read : "We understand that you are 
at present employed under WPA. This employ- 
ment, we believe, was only made possible through 
the Democratic party. We are, therefore, ask- 
ing you to assist us with a financial contribution. 
Please call on Ken Thompson, Treasurer of the 
Finance Committee, Commerce Building, not later 
than Wednesday of this week." 

224 

Q. Who charged the WPA with running a political 
"Reign of Terror"? 

A. Democratic Senator Rush D. Holt, of West Vir- 
ginia, declared: "It has been a 'Reign of Ter- 
ror 1 to silence any opposition in West Virginia. 
Workers, employees, and the members of the 
families of workers and employees, have been 
threatened with the loss of their jobs and re- 
prisals, if they did not go along" 



MISCELLANEOUS 

225 

Q. What is the "Self -admiration Society"? 
A. This refers to the practice of hiring propagandists 
to laud the New Deal and its officials. 

226 

Q. What is the Internal Revenue "stamp racket"? 

A. The Commissioner of Internal Revenue sold po- 
tato tax stamps at $5.18 a set after the Potato 
Act was repealed, and the stamps were useless. 

227 

Q. What is meant by "gentle rain of checks"? 

A. This phrase is used by speakers in connection with 
the charge that the Roosevelt Administration 
sends checks to farmers in order to quiet their 
criticism of compulsory control of agriculture by 
the Roosevelt Administration. 

228 

Q. When were disability compensation payments to 
veterans reduced? 

A. In 1933, upon recommendation of President 
Roosevelt. 

229 

Q. What is meant by "Farley's air-mail blunder"? 

A. Shortly after he came into office Postmaster Gen- 
eral Farley canceled air-mail contracts and or- 
dered the Army Air Corps to carry the mail. This 
resulted in a number of fatalities and cost the 
government millions of dollars. 

44 



230 

Q. How much notice did Postmaster General Farley 
give the air-mail companies before canceling their 
contracts in 1934? 

A. Only 10 days. 

231 

Q. How many men lost their lives because of the 
Postmaster General's air-mail contract cancella- 
tion? 

A. 12 men were killed. 

232 
Q. In addition to the 12 men killed how much did 

Postmaster General Farley's air-mail blunder cost 

the government? 
A. Unnecessary cost estimated at $3^767,355. 

233 
Q. Did the 1932 Democratic platform provide for 

$5,000,000,000 in relief money? 
A. No. The Socialist platform did. 

234 
Q. What political party campaigned for compulsory 

unemployment insurance in 1932? 
A. The Socialist party. 

235 
Q. What are the contributing factors to higher farm 

prices? 
A. The inflated dollar, the drought, recovery abroad 

and reduced production. 

236 
Q. What party platform in 1932 provided for a 

minimum-wage law? 
A. Only the Socialist platform. 

45 



237 
Q. Did any political party promise a thirty-hour week 

in 1932? 
A. The Socialist party made such a promise. 

238 
Q. What party platform in 1932 pledged $5,000,- 

000,000 for public works? 
A. The Socialist party only. 

239 
Q. What political party promised the creation of a 

federal agency to market farm products? 
A. The Socialist party. 

240 
Q. Has the Socialist platform's promise of a federal 

marketing agency for farm products been carried 

out by the New Deal? 
A. The Federal Surplus Relief Corporation to a 

large extent follows the Socialist plank. 

241 
Q. What Senator declared: "The processing tax is 

largely responsible for wrecking the cotton textile 

industry"? 
A. Senator Jesse H. Metcalf, Rhode Island, in a 

Senate speech, April 1934. 

242 

Q. Who advertised the loss of a sum of money and 
relief checks? 

A. Advertisement in Hazelton, Pennsylvania, news- 
paper read: "Lost $$o and two relief checks. 
Finder phone 2910 and receive reward." 



243 

Q. Were the 6000 employees of AAA retained on 
the federal pay roll after the act was nullified? 

A. Yes. They continued to draw salaries after the 
Supreme Court had found the AAA unconstitu- 
tional. These were later legalized by Congress. 



244 
Q. How many contracts for not growing peanuts 

have been signed by the AAA? 
A. About 40,000. 

245 
Q. Who is "Boondoggler No. i"? 

A. That refers to Harry Hopkins, WPA administra- 
tor. 

246 

Q. Who said: "The fullest evidence of entrenched 
greed is the greed for power in Washington to- 
day"? 

A. Senator Jesse H. Metcalf, of Rhode Island. 



247 

Q. How many pounds of animal products were im- 
ported into the United States last year? 

A. About 700,000,000 pounds. We paid foreign na- 
tions 80 per cent more for these products last year 
than in 1932. 

248 
Q. What state received the least amount in farm 

benefits under AAA? 
A. Rhode Island received $6319.49. To administer 

the act in Rhode Island cost $58,459.39. 

47 



249 

Q. Who is known as "Brain Trust er No. i"? 
A. Professor Rexford Guy Tugwell. 

250 
Q. What government offices are held by Professor 

Tugwell ? 
A. Under-Secretary of Agriculture; Administrator 

for the Resettlement Administration; member of 

the National Emergency Council. 

251 
Q. What is the estimated increase in the cost of coal 

resulting from the Guffey Coal bill? 
A. $1.50 a ton. 

252 

Q. Who is Nathan R. Margold? 
A. Solicitor for the Department of the Interior; 
member of the "Brain Trust." 

253 

Q. What school in the United States has one em- 
ployee for each i 5/7 pupils? 

A. Lawrence, Kansas, newspaper says WPA nursery 
school has 12 children, 2 supervisors, a nurse, 2 
cooks, 2 janitors. 

254 

Q. Who declared that the usurpation of power is the 
customary weapon by which governments are de- 
stroyed ? 

A. George Washington. 

255 
Q. Who is Max J. Wasserman? 

A. Director of Finance, Resettlement Administra- 
tion. 

4* 



2 5 6 

P. How many jobs does Postmaster General Farley 
have? 

A. In addition to his private interests, he is Post- 
master General of the United States, Chairman 
of the Democratic National Committee, and 
Chairman of the New York State Democratic 
Committee. 

257 

Q. Is it true that WPA projects are denied in dis- 
tricts where people have not voted with the 
Roosevelt Administration? 

A. According to Senator Holt, of West Virginia, 
WPA Administrator McCullough declared on one 
occasion: "/ will not approve that project, be- 
cause those people do not vote right " 

258 

Q. Is Benjamin V. Cohen a member of the Brain 

Trust? 
A. Yes. He is general counsel for the National Power 

Policy Committee. 

259 

Q. Who is Dr Mordecai Ezekiel? 

A. Economic adviser to Secretary of Agriculture 
Wallace. He Is known for advocating the plan 
to wipe out unemployment and poverty by dou- 
bling production and insuring every family $200 
per month. 

260 

Q. What did former Secretary of War Hurley mean 
when he referred to "Lord Cornwallis' retreat in 

1937"? 

A. He was referring to the Secretary of Agriculture 
and his possible retirement in 1937. 

49 



26 1 

Q. How much did the Jackson Day dinner of the 
Democratic party cost per plate? 

A. $50. 

262 

Q. Who said: "Corruption thrives in secret places. 
. . . Our honest politicians and our honorable 
corporation heads owe it to their reputations to 
bring their activities into the open"? 

A. Woodrow Wilson. 

263 

Q. Who is Felix Frankfurter? 
A. Former Harvard professor, brain truster, known 

as an "unofficial adviser to the President" Born 

in Vienna. 

264 
Q. Who said that Professor Felix Frankfurter has 

more influence than any other single person in the 

United States? 
A. General Hugh Johnson, Saturday Evening Post, 

October 26, 1935. 

265 

Q. Is the American Liberty League a Republican 
organization? 

A. The league was fostered and organized by Demo- 
crats. 

266 

Q. What is the charge that the "New Deal" is a 
convenient alias? 

A. The charge that activities of the Administration 
are deliberately made known to the people as 
"New Deal" policies instead of "Roosevelt" pol- 
icies, thereby relieving President Roosevelt of 
responsibility for blunders. 

50 



267 

Q. Is the New Deal original with President Roose- 
velt? 

A. No. In the year 1069 a group of intellectuals 
headed by Wang-an-shih started a New Deal in 
China. They established tribunals to regulate 
wages and prices of merchandise. Land was meas- 
ured, divided into equal areas and graded. Prod- 
ucts of farms were used first for taxes, second for 
the people and third for sale to the government 
to await an increase in value. Large reserves were 
to be kept to provide pensions for the aged and 
the unemployed. The Chinese New Deal col- 
lapsed, and the intellectuals were banished to 
Mongolia, where they are said to have contributed 
to the devastating career of Genghis Khan. 



POLICY 

268 

Q. Who promised to cut the cost of government 25 

per cent? 
A. Franklin D. Roosevelt. 

269 

Q. Are any persons affiliated with the Russian Soviet 
government employed by the Roosevelt Adminis- 
tration? 

A. Katherine Kellock, wife of the publicity director 
of the Soviet Embassy in Washington, is field 
supervisor of 4600 WPA workers preparing an 
American travel guide. 

270 

Q. What is the monthly pay roll of the regular gov- 
ernment employees under President Roosevelt ? 

A. $119,867,000. 

271 

Q. Who said: "I accuse the present administration 
of being the greatest spending administration in 
peace time in all our history . . "? 

A. Franklin D. Roosevelt said that of the Hoover 
Administration in September 1932. 

272 

Q. What was the occasion of the joint statement ap- 
pearing on the page facing the title page of this 
book? 

52 



A. On September 30, 1929, these Senators, all Demo- 
crats, made a joint statement attacking flexible 
clauses of a tariff bill on the ground that too much 
power was being given the President. It is from 
the Congressional Record. 

273 

Q. To whom do the following words refer : "He has 
given his assent to laws fundamentally altering 
the forms of our Government"? 

A. That is a quotation from the Declaration of In- 
dependence, and it is directed at George III, then 
king of England. 

274 
Q. May more than one person in a family work for 

theWPA? 
A. Three members of family of Joseph Crozier, 

Philadelphia, were receiving a total of $260 a 

month. 

275 
Q. Did the Canadian Trade Agreement immediately 

increase our imports from Canada? 
A. Yes. Increases for January 1936 from January 

1935 were: cattle 815 per cent; cheese 610 per 

cent; fresh beef 200 per cent; wool 115 per cent; 

poultry 1700 per cent; fresh pork 1500 per cent. 

276 

Q. Does the government pay fees to lawyers for ar- 
ranging PWA contracts? 

A. Arthur F. Mullen, former Democratic National 
Committeeman from Nebraska, asked $50,000 
from PWA for services in helping secure a gov- 
ernmental loan. The fee was partly denied. 

53 



277 

Q. Has the number of farms in operation decreased 
under Roosevelt's program of agriculture crop 
reduction ? 

A. Farms have steadily increased. By 500,000 since 
summer of 1930. 

278 
Q. How much money has been spent to date on the 

Florida Canal? 
A. Over $5,000,000. 

279 
Q. To whom did Professor G. W. Dyer, of Vander- 

bilt University, refer as the "Little Dictator"? 
A. Henry A. Wallace, Secretary of Agriculture. 

280 

Q. Has the Roosevelt Administration made any move 
to prevent Katherine Kellock, wife of Soviet Em- 
bassy propagandist, from studying army reserva- 
tions, navy yards, military airports, and coast 
fortifications? 

A. Reed Harris, of the WPA, assures the nation Mrs 
Kellock, a WPA supervisor, will be kept away 
from these places. 

281 

Q. Who said : "I claim I still am a Democrat, but I 
don't support the program of this Administration 
in adopting the platform of the Socialist Party"? 

A. Former Governor Ely, of Massachusetts. 

282 
Q. What is meant by the "whispered second phase of 

the New Deal"? 
A. This is the charge that President Roosevelt has 

inaugurated a whispering campaign to convince 

54 



conservative and thrifty people that he is about 
to enter into a second phase of the New Deal by 
way of a new economy program. 

283 

Q. Who said: "Federal extravagance and improvi- 
dence bear a double evil; our whole people and 
our business cannot carry its excessive burdens of 
taxes"? 

A. Franklin D. Roosevelt, in a campaign speech, 
Pittsburgh, October 29, 1932. 

284 

Q. Has President Roosevelt asked for more money 
to be spent in 1937 than in 1936? 

A. The 1937 budget will exceed the 1936 by approx- 
imately $1,000,000,000. 

285 

Q. What gave rise to a rebirth of the phrase, "class 
hatred"? 

A. President Roosevelt and others in his Administra- 
tion have referred to their critics as "Tories/' 
"profiteers," "exploiters," "emissaries of en- 
trenched greed" etc. Critics charged this is a de- 
liberate attempt to arouse class hatred. 

286 
Q. How does the cost of running the Department of 

Labor under Roosevelt compare with the cost 

under Hoover? 
A. 8 1 per cent greater under Roosevelt. 

287 

Q. Who made the statement: "From the beginning 
the Government admitted that it was experiment- 
ing, and it promised that if its experiments failed 
it would desist. But in the face of two years 

55 



of complete failure it has never once admitted 
error"? 

A. Neil Carothers, Professor of Economics, Lehigh 
University, July 9, 1935. 

288 

Q. Has Postmaster General Farley urged voters to 
vote Democratic because of relief allotments ? 

A. Salt Lake City, November i, 1934, he said: "/ do 
not think any of you will find any fault with the 
circumstances that some $50,000,000 was allotted 
to Utah through the various agencies." 

289 

Q. Can a federal employee be discharged for using 
the President's name in telling a joke? 

A. Francis Madison, project manager, Resettlement 
Administration in Rhode Island, was ordered to 
resign after a subordinate reported he had told a 
joke using the President's name unfavorably. 

290 

Q. Who said: "It's [the government's] true strength 
consists in leaving individuals and States as much 
as possible to themselves"? 

A. President Jackson. 

291 
Q. If I earned a dollar a minute, how long would it 

take me to earn what President Roosevelt spends 

in one year? 
A. Approximately 14,000 years. 

292 

Q. What was the famous t( clergy letter"? 

A. President Roosevelt sent a form letter to clergy- 
men asking their co-operation. It developed that 
Governor La Follette of Wisconsin had sent an 

56 



almost identical letter to clergymen of his state. 
It was charged that President Roosevelt copied 
Governor La Follette's letter for political pur- 
poses. 

293 
Q. How much has the Roosevelt Administration 

spent for each family in the country ? 
A. Over $700. 

294 

Q. How much did the defunct CWA cost the people ? 
A. About $816,000,000. It lasted one year. 

295 

Q. What was the "Kentucky letter"? 

A. An unsigned letter mailed from Washington, 
D. C., to voters on relief rolls in Kentucky, declar- 
ing that "President Roosevelt, a friend of the 
poor, provided relief so that those in need would 
not suffer. . . . Worit you help President Roose- 
velt and yourself by voting for Chandler on the 
Democratic ticket?" Chandler was the New Deal 
candidate for governor. 

296 

Q. Who is responsible for the statement that "the 
centralization of power has invariably ended in 
tyranny"? 

A. President Glenn Frank, of the University of Wis- 
consin. 

297 

Q. How much more money has President Roosevelt 
spent than the government has collected in rev- 
enue? 

A. Over $7,500,000,000 in two years. 
57 



298 

Q. Is it true that the publicity director of the Demo- 
cratic National Committee acted as publicity 
director for the defunct NRA? 

A. Yes. 

299 

Q. What is meant by the phrase, "lift from the 
pocket to befuddle the brain"? 

A. This was used by a United States Senator in dis- 
cussing the practice of the Administration of 
paying press agents with taxpayers' money to 
convince the taxpayer this money was being well 
spent. 

300 

Q. Has President William H. Lewis, of Lafayette 
College, expressed an opinion of New Deal philos- 
ophy? 

A. He said: "In the political, social and economic 
fields the trend is toward autocracy and dictator- 
ship, which spells chaos if persisted in" 

301 

Q. Is it true that the AAA makes large benefit pay- 
ments just before election? 

A. July 1934 AAA payments, $19,460,000; August, 
$46,715,000; September, $50,783,000; October, 
$76,103,000. The election was the first Tuesday 
in November. 

302 
Q. Was the late Governor Ritchie of Maryland op- 

possed to the Roosevelt policy? 
A. Of the Roosevelt program he said: "Perhaps it 

may work for a while, or appear to work, but 

because the barriers of freedom are gone, it will 

not be American" 

58 



303 
Q. Has the government made any move to prevent 

the deportation of radical aliens? 
A. Secretary of Labor Perkins sponsors legislation 

to give her and two other members of a board 

discretionary power to permit radical deportable 

aliens to remain in this country. 

304 

Q. What was the Philadelphia "preference" deci- 
sion? 

A. A Philadelphia judge held United States veterans 
entitled to preference on WPA jobs as against 
aliens. Administration lawyers are fighting this 
decision. 

305 

Q. Is naturalization a function which will be retained 
by the courts? 

A. Officials of the Department of Labor are endeav- 
oring to take it from the courts and make it an 
administrative function under Secretary Frances 
Perkins. 

306 

Q. Who charged that a Communist textbook is pre- 
scribed by the Roosevelt Administration for 
American Indians? 

A. Frank C. Waldrop, Washington newspaperman, 
investigating the Indian colony at Cherokee, 
North Carolina. 

307 

Q. Who referred to the Supreme Court's AAA deci- 
sion as the "greatest legalized steal in the history 
of this country" f 

A. Secretary of Agriculture Wallace. 

59 



308 

Q. How did Hitler gain his popularity? 
A. By promising to save the common people from 

their oppressors and attacking the "favored 

classes." 

309 

Q. Who said : "There can only be one Capital, Wash- 
ington or Moscow"? 

A. Alfred E. Smith. 

310 

Q. Did Thomas Jefferson actually say : "// the three 
powers [o/ our government'] maintain their mu- 
tual independence of each other it may last long, 
but not so if either can assume the authorities of 
the other"? 

A. Yes. In a letter to William C. Jarvis, 1820. 



Q. Did President Roosevelt congratulate Soviet Rus- 
sia on anniversary of the Russian revolution? 

A. New York Times quotes Roosevelt cabled Soviet 
President Kalinin : "/ am happy to extend sincere 
felicitations on this memorable anniversary" 

312 
Q. What is "vote-do ffgling"f 

A. The use of relief jobs for political purposes. 

313 

Q. Who said: "Feel free to criticize"? 
A. President Roosevelt, April 28, 1935. 



60 



RELIEF 

3H 

Q. What is the "School for Housemaids"? 
A. WPA allotted $500,000 in federal funds for the 
training of housemaids. 

315 
Q. How many publicity men are employed by the 

WPA? 
A. Between 200 and 300. 



Q. What is meant by "Witches Political Army"? 
A. Senator Rush D. Holt used this phrase to define 
WPA in West Virginia. 

317 
Q. Can a man without a job who has managed to 

struggle along without going on relief get work 

with the WPA? 
A. No. He must first be on relief. 



Q. What was the "New York easy money list"? 

A. This was a revelation that some 5000 persons 

paid an average of $5.00 each for forged work 

cards of the WPA. 

319 
Q, Who said : "I will have Republicans for foremen 

if they are Roosevelt Republicans"? 
A. Authority, New York Sun. John B. Bryan, WPA 

director for Westchester County, New York. 

61 



320 

Q. What is meant by " P as samaquoddy Doll Houses"? 

A. Official specifications for furnishings in houses 
paid for by the Roosevelt Administration included 
pastel green blankets with wide taffeta rayon 
bindings, grandfather clocks 7 feet tall, candle- 
sticks, coffee and card tables, and love seats. 

321 
Q. How many aliens are receiving relief from the 

United States government? 
A. No official figures. Estimates range from 2,000,- 

ooo to 3,500,000. 

322 

Q. Is political coercion used among men on relief? 

A. March 14, 1936, Charles McDonald, Democratic 
leader in Philadelphia, sent letter to Democratic 
committeemen instructing them to "contact all 
houses in your division and get the names of all 
men on relief, also all those holding WPA jobs. 
Urge them to register Democrat on March 2$th, 
or else lose position." 

323 

Q. Why did Governor Johnson of Colorado criticize 
the FERA in his state? 

A. He received reports that WPA workers were 
forced to pledge political allegiance. He asked: 
"Do you not know that we cannot purchase votes 
like so many head of cattle f and that the respect- 
able people of Colorado will not tolerate the 
Tammany Hall that you are building with fed- 
eral funds?" 

324 

Q. Is it true that applicants for jobs with the WPA 
in San Francisco are sent to Democratic head- 

62 



quarters for approval and to sign contribution 
cards? 

A. These charges have been made but not investi- 
gated. 

325 

Q. Who said: "The time to correct mistakes is be- 
fore they are made, if possible. Consequently, we 
do not want anyone on these jobs who is not 
right"? 

A. Authority of Democratic Senator Rush D. Holt. 
This was said by a WPA personnel man in West 
Virginia in referring to WPA politics. 

326 

Q. What was the "Allegheny measuring project"? 

A. President Roosevelt approved a WPA project to 
measure and compute areas and cubic contents of 
buildings of Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, at 
cost of $423,126. 

327 

Q. Who said : "55,000 men can make anybody gover- 
nor; they know where they got their jobs"? 

A. According to Democratic Senator Holt, that re- 
mark was made by West Virginia WPA admin- 
istrator McCullough, and the reference was to 
WPA employees. 

328 
Q. Who charged that WPA officials have used the 

power of the WPA to promote and establish a 

political machine in Minnesota ? 
A. Young Democrat Clubs of St Louis County, 

Minnesota. 

329 

Q. Who is responsible for the charge that WPA 
workers used more than 100 automobiles to take 

63 



>eople to the courthouse in Buchanan County, 
Missouri, to register for the election? 
A. The Kansas City Star. 



pec 

Mi 



330 
Q. Where is the WPA building a $25,000 dog 

pound ? 
A. In Memphis, Tennessee. 



Q. What is "boondoggling"? 

A. The creation of unnecessary works projects. 

332 

Q. What is Passamaquoddy? 
A. The name of a Roosevelt project to harness the 

tide along the Maine coast. The cost is estimated 

at $36,000,000. 

333 
Q. Who said: "These millions of WPA workers are 

in the position of Stalin's workers; if they do not 

vote right they starve"? 
A. The New York American. 

334 

Q. What is meant by "the ^8 bloomers"? 

A. The WPA was widely publicized when it tried to 
find a pattern from which to make some female 
bloomers in size 58 during one of its boondog- 
gling projects. 

335 

Q. Who were the Kanawha engineers referred to by 
Senator Holt? 

A. He revealed that $1400 per month salaries were 
paid to WPA engineers on Kanawha County road 
project, West Virginia, under two miles long. 

64 



336 

Q. What were the New York truck frauds ? 

A. Disclosure in New York Times of widespread 
frauds in WPA motor-truck operations: lo-ton 
trucks used to carry i-ton loads and 10 trips 
charged when i or 2 were made. 

337 

Q. Is it true the medical profession has been sub- 
jected to political coercion? 

A. According to Democratic Senator Rush D. Holt 
of West Virginia, Administrator McCullough 
sent a letter saying : "/ hand you a list of doctors 
in Ohio County. Kindly separate the Democrats 
from the Republicans and list them in order of 
priority, so we may notify our safety foremen 
and organization men as to who is eligible to par- 
ticipate in case of injury." According to Holt, the 
list was returned with notation : "Democratic doc- 
tors are listed on the left-hand side and Republi- 
cans on right" 

338 

Q. Is it true that the WPA is furnishing shower baths 

for dogs? 
A. Plans for the $25,000 dog pound at Memphis, 

Tennessee, call for shower baths. 

339 

Q. Are there any instances of a state WPA being 
turned into a political organization? 

A. Speaking in the Senate of the political activities 
in West Virginia of WPA Administrator McCul- 
lough, Democratic Senator Holt said: "Mr Mc- 
Cullough has constantly used his office, not to 
relieve unemployment, but to make 55,000 on the 
rolls work for him. I called him up one day and 
said, 7 wish this project could be completed.' He 

65 



said, 'Those men in that section did not 'vote right 
and I think they need to be told how to vote.' ' 

340 

Q. Are there instances of persons forced to become 
Democrats before they are given WPA jobs? 

A. The Evening Herald, Shenandoah, Pennsylvania, 
July 18, 1935, said: "It is reported that in many 
districts these leaders threatened voters that if 
they did not register as Democrats f they would 
not be given jobs with the WPA, or be given con- 
sideration for relief " 

341 
Q. Was it necessary for a person to be a farmer to 

receive AAA benefits ? 
A. Corporations operating lands received benefits. 

Mrs Elizabeth K. Wilson, Chevy Chase, Md., 

received an AAA check. She had only a front lawn 

and graciously returned the check. 

342 
Q. Are there instances of relief workers going on 

strike ? 
A. Last accurate information was for December. In 

that month 13 WPA or relief strikes were in 

progress involving 3380 men who had already lost 

19,715 days. 



66 



TAXES 

343 

Q. Who said: "I shall use this position of high re- 
sponsibility to discuss up and down the country, 
in all seasons, at all times, the duty of reducing 
taxes. . . . This I pledge you, and nothing I have 
said in the campaign transcends in importance this 
covenant with the taxpayers of this country"? 

A. Franklin D. Roosevelt, September 29, 1932. 

344 
Q. How much in new taxes did the President ask of 

the 1936 Congress? 
A. $1,120,000,000. 

345 

How much is the federal tax on a package of 
cigarettes? 

A. Specific tax, 6 cents; indirect tax, I cent. This 
more than doubles the cost. Without tax cigarettes 
would retail for 5^. 

346 

Q. How much would income taxes have to be in- 
creased to balance the Roosevelt budget of 1935 ? 
A. 300 per cent. 

347 
Q. Could United States corporations pay the taxes 

of the country? 
A. The national and local tax bill under President 

Roosevelt is four times the net profits of all 

America's 600,000 corporations. 



348 
Q. How does the money which Americans pay for 

rent compare with the amount they pay for taxes ? 
A. Under Roosevelt Americans pay $2,000,000,000 

a year more for taxes than for rent. 

349 
Q. Do the people of the United States pay more for 

taxes than for food? 
A. Under Roosevelt the nation's tax bill is $500,- 

000,000 more than the food bill. 

350 

Q. Who said : "I regard reduction in federal spend- 
ing as one of the most important issues in this 
campaign. In my opinion it is the most direct and 
effective contribution that Government can make 
to business"? 

A. Mr Roosevelt, in a campaign speech, Pittsburgh, 
October 29, 1932. 

35i 

Q. What is meant by "hidden taxes"? 
A. Taxes which are absorbed in articles people buy, 
such as the tax on oils from which soap is made. 

352 
' ' Q. What was the processing tax? 

A. This was a tax paid by persons who prepared cer- 
tain farm products for consumption. The tax was 
largely added to the cost of food and clothing. 

353 

Q. What is the difference between a processing tax 
K and a sales tax? 

A. A sales tax is added to the cost of goods by the 
retailer, while the processing tax is added by the 
manufacturer. 

68 



354 

Q. Who wrote the book called, The Industrial Disci- 
pline? 
A. Professor Rexford Guy Tugwell. 

355 
Q. How do indirect taxes collected in 1935 compare 

with 1920? 
A. In 1920, 27.5 per cent were indirect taxes. Under 

the New Deal 66 per cent were indirect in 1934, 

and 61.5 per cent indirect in 1935. 

356 

Q. How do indirect taxes collected in 1932 compare 

with 1935? 
A. In 1932 Americans paid $782,900,000 indirect 

taxes. In 1935 the amount was $2,234,800,000. 

. 357 
Q. What national deficit was predicted for the year 

by Secretary of the Treasury Morgenthau? 
A. He forecast a deficit of $5,966,000,000. 

. 358 

XQ. Is it true that Americans spend more money for 

taxes than for clothes? 

A. Americans spend twice as much money for taxes 
as for clothes. 

359 

Q. Do manufacturers consider taxes a part of the 
cost of production? 

A. Yes. Most companies carry taxes as primary costs 
of production and pass these costs on to the con- 
sumer. 

360 

Q. Who paid the processing tax? 

A. Largely the consumer. Some factories took it 
from profits. 

69 



Q. How many WPA workers were on the pay rolls 

on March first? 
A. 3)394,000. 

362 

Q. How many taxes in a loaf of bread? 

A. The American Factfinders Institute estimates that 
a loaf of bread absorbs 53 kinds of taxes from the 
day the wheat is harvested to the day it reaches 
the table. 

363 

Q. What part of the national income goes for taxes? 

A. It is estimated that approximately 33 1/3 per cent 
of the national income is spent for public pur- 
poses. 

364 

Q. How much money will eventually be in the reserve 
account provided for in the Social Security Act? 
A. It is estimated, $50,000,000,000. 

365 

Q. Who said: "Before any man enters my Cabinet, 
he must give me a pledge of absolute loyalty to 
the Democratic platform, and especially the econ- 
omy plank"? 

A. Franklin D. Roosevelt, in a campaign speech, 
Pittsburgh, October 29, 1932. 

366 

Q. How many persons are wholly or partly supported 
by the government? 

A. A table in the Congressional Record of April i, 
1936, states that 64,057,760 persons are sup- 
ported wholly or in part, directly or indirectly, 
from public funds. 

70 



3^7 

Q. How much will the taxpayers lose from the gov- 
ernment cotton loans ? 

A. No one knows. The Commodity Credit Corpora- 
tion advanced 12 cents a pound on 4,500,000 bales 
of 1934 cotton. This cotton has been selling from 
I to i]/2 cents a pound less than the loan. Carry- 
ing charges and interest have made this cotton 
cost the government about 14 cents a pound. 

V 368 

Q. Who pays all taxes in the end? 

A. The man who works to produce things. 

369 
^Q. How many times does a man pay taxes during 

the day? 

A. It is estimated that the average citizen pays 922 
different taxes in 24 hours. 

370 

Q. What will be the cost of the WPA sightseeing 
guide for which the wife of the publicity director 
of the Soviet Embassy is field supervisor ? 

A. The WPA allotment is $1,500,000. 

371 
Q. Is it true that the Roosevelt Administration is 

costing the American people $13,000 per minute? 
A. Yes, according to Senator Byrd, the Democrat, 

Virginia. 

372 
Q. What part of his wages does an unskilled worker 

pay in taxes? 
A. It is estimated that one fifth of his pay goes for 

hidden taxes. 



373 
Q. How much in taxes will the federal government 

collect under the Social Security Act? 
A. Estimates for 1937, $1,926,000,000; 1940, 

$3,098,000,000. Half paid by wage earners, half 

by employers. 

374 
Q. What part of the federal revenue comes from 

"hidden taxes"? 
A. 6i l / 2 per cent. 

375 

Q. What is President Roosevelt's corporation tax 
plan? 

A. A heavy graduated tax on the surplus of corpora- 
tions, intended to force surpluses out of these 
corporations. 

376 

Q. Do all college professors believe in inflation and 
heavy federal spending? 

A. No. Professor J. W. Angell, of Economics, 
Columbia University, said : "But the rising public 
debt and government inflation, which the process 
of pump priming almost inevitably carries with it, 
are precisely the factors best calculated to destroy 
private confidence and to discourage private busi- 
ness recovery" 

377 

Q. How much is the per capita national and local 
public debt? 

A. $394, or $1576 for a family of four, as esti- 
mated. 

378 

Q. Can Secretary Wallace arbitrarily fix tax rates? 
A. No. Under the AAA, however, he could fix the 
rate of processing taxes on farm products. 

72 



379 
Q. How much interest will each American family 

have to pay on the national debt ? 
A. 54 cents per week until the principal is reduced. 

380 
Q. Who said : "/ shall carry out the planned precept 

of our Party, which is to reduce the cost of the 

current federal government operations by 25 per 

cent"? 
A. Franklin D. Roosevelt, in a campaign speech, 

Pittsburgh, October 29, 1932. 

38i 
Q. How much did the AAA collect in processing 

taxes ? 
A. $969,258,653. It was all collected illegally. 

382 
Q. What help has the New Deal given the fishing 

industry? 
A. Official committee headed by Bernarr Macfadden 

recommended change of Thanksgiving Day from 

Thursday, as too much turkey was left over on 

Friday. Official report. 

383 

Q. Why did Senators declare they could understand 
President Roosevelt's corporation tax bill? 

A. The bill contained 236 pages, much of which read 
like this : "If the undistributed net income is a per- 
centage of the adjusted net income which is more 
than 20 and less than 30 (and such percentage is 
not shown in the foregoing table) the tax shall be 
a percentage of the adjusted net income equal to 
the sum of 5.5, plus four-tenths of the amount by 
which the percentage which the indistributed net 
income is of the adjusted net income exceeds 20." 

73 



384 
Q. Which contributed more toward crop reduction 

and higher farm prices, the drought or the AAA? 
A. Report of Department of Agriculture says: "The 

acreage reduction reduced corn output far less 

than the drought" 



74 



INDEX 



INDEX 



Note: Index numbers are numbers of questions, not pages. 



AAA, benefits, foreign, 100, 105. 

expenses, 134. 

politics, 301. 

power, 98. 

Wallace on, 67. 
Air-mail, blunder, 229, 230, 231, 232. 

deaths, 231. 

Aliens, 303, 304, 305, 321. 
Allegheny project, 326. 
Angell, Professor J. W., 376. 
Animal products, imports, 247. 
Antitrust laws, n, 124. 
Appropriations, 1935, 144. 

Bank loans, government, 164. 
Barkley, Senator Alben W., Title 

page. 

Bill of Rights, suppression of, 61. 
Black Committee, 205, 207, 208, 209, 

210, 211. 

Bloomers, size 58, 334. 
Boondoggling, 245, 253, 330, 334, 338. 
Braid imports, 196. 
Breathing spell, I. 
Breckinridge, Colonel Henry, 186. 
British farms in U. S., 94, 95, 100. 
Broo kings Institution, 18. 
Bryan, John B., 319. 
Bureaucracy, 42, 43, 44, 45, 48, 54 
Butter imports, 104, 106. 
Byrd, Senator Harry F., 371. 

Cameron, W. J., 34. 
Campbell, Thos. D., 92. 

77 



Canada, food imports from, 123. 
Canadian Trade Agreement, 84, 85, 

123. 

Carey, Senator Robert D., 44. 
Carothers, Professor Neil, 287. 
CCC, $250,000 check, 38. 
Censorships, 203, 214. 
Chandler Campaign, Ky., 295. 
Civil Service, 187, 188, 189, 190. 
Class hatred, 285. 
Clayton, W. L., 131. 
Clergy letter, 292. 
Codes, NRA, 17, 1 9. 
Cohen, Benj. V., 258. 
Colby, Bainbridge, 204. 
Connally, Senator Tom, Cover. 
Constitution, 66, 68, 69. 
Cooke, Morris, 96. 
Corn, AAA effect on, 127, 384. 

exports, 73. 

imports, 75, 76. 

prices, 74. 

Corn-hog contracts, largest, 72. 
Cornwallis' retreat, 210. 
Corporation deficits, 5. 
Corruption fund, 114. 
Cost of living, 191. 
Cotton, government holdings, 79, 

contracts, size, 70, 71, 132. 

exports, 101, 131. 

imports, 120, 122. 
Cotton farm, British, 126. 
Cottonseed-oil imports, 120. 
Cream-separator imports, 129. 
CWA cost, 294. 



Dairy cattle prices, 85. 
Davis, John W., 54. 
"Dead chicken" case, 21. 
Debt, interest on, 152. 
national, 149, 151, 152, 153, 154, 

156, 157, 158, 159, 160, 162, 164, 

166. 

per capita, 156, 377, 379. 
increase of, 23, 152, 156, 157, 159, 

1 60, 162. 

Declaration of Independence, 273. 
Deficit, 1 66, 167, 297, 357. 
Delta and Pine Land Company, 95, 

100, 140. 

Dog pound, WPA, 330. 
Dyer, Professor G. W., 279. 

Easy money list, 318. 
Ely, former governor, 281. 
Erler case, 12. 
Erosion, 96. 
Ezekiel, Mordecai, 259. 

Factory fraud, 168. 

Farley, General Jas. A., 229, 230, 

231, 232, 256, 288. 
Farm Board, Roosevelt on, 78. 
Farm imports, 130. 

income, 115, 121, 384. 

population, 133. 

prices, 235, 384. 

tariffs, 86, 87. 
Federal Reserve banks, 33. 
Fish, consumption, 141. 

importations, 142. 
Flax imports, 117. 
Florida Canal, 51, 278. 
Food imports, 88, 89, 90, 123. 
Foreign loans, AAA, 140. 
Foreign market, for cotton, 130, 131. 
Forest planting, 116. 
Frank, Glenn, 296. 
Frankfurter, Felix, 263, 264. 
Freight carloadings, 15. 

"Gentle rain of checks," 227. 



George, Senator Walter F., Title 

page. 

Glass, Senator Carter, 153, 177. 
"Gold Clause," 58, 59- 
Gold contracts, 58, 59, 63. 
Government competition, 6. 

ownership, 33. 
Grange magazine, 105. 
Green, William, 172. 
Guffey Coal bill, 22, 251. 
Guffey letter, 57. 

Hagood, General, 52, 202, 203. 

Harris, Reed, 280. 

Harrison, Senator Pat, Title page. 

Hawaii, AAA contract, 139. 

Hay imports, 84. 

Hi-Bred Corn Company, 93, 125. 

Hog contract, large, 108, no, 112. 

Hog imports, 108. 

Hogs, price after AAA, 127. 

HOLC, 3 6. 

delinquencies, 36. 
Holding company, 39. 
Holt, Senator Rush D., 216, 224, 257, 

316,325,327,335,337,339. 
Home owners, 183. 
Homes, new, 2. 
Hoover, J. Edgar, 222. 
Hopkins, Harry, 245. 
"Horse-and-buggy" speech, 64, 65. 
Hot potato, Wallace's, 102. 
Housemaids' school, 314. 
Hurley, Patrick J., 260. 

Imports, general, 90, 200. 
Income, national, 150, 175. 
Incomes,' earned, 182, 184. 
Income tax secrecy, 215. 
Indian lands, AAA, 92. 
Industrial production years, 4, 16. 
Industrial recovery, 19. 
Industrial regulation, 56. 
Inflation, 147. 

Jackson, President, 290. 
Jackson Day dinner, 261. 



Japan, imports from, 49. 

wages in, 50. 

Jefferson, Thomas, 99, 310. 
Johnson, Governor, of Colorado^ 323. 
Johnson, Hugh, 264. 
Johnston, Oscar, 94. 

Kalinin, Soviet president, 311. 
Kellock, Katherine, 269, 280. 
Kentucky letter, 295. 
King, Senator William, Title page. 

La Follette, Governor, 292. 
Land, nationalization of, 97. 
Legalized steal, 67. 
Lewis, Wm. M., 300. 
Liberty League, 265. 
Life insurance policies, 183. 
Little NRA, 22. 
Livestock consumption, 141. 
Lobby, 201. 

Madison, Francis, 289. 

Manufacturing, employment, 34. 

Margold, Nathan R., 252. 

Marine Band, withdrawn, 204, 217. 

McDonald, Charles, 322. 

Meat imports, 77. 

Medical profession coercion, 337. 

Metcalf, Senator Jesse H., 213, 241, 

246. 

Military, in politics, 217. 
Morgenthau, Secretary, 33. 

Nationalization laws, 214. 
New Deal, alias, 266. 

originality, 267. 
NRA, 12, 13, 14, IS, 16, '7, 18, 19, 

20, 21, 22, 24, 62, 64, 178. 

decision, 13, 20. 

Paper, imports of, 32, 199. 
Parmenter, Reva, 197. 
Passamaquoddy, 320, 332. 
Patronage, 37, 243, 270. 
Pay-or-else letters, 219. 
Pay rolls, federal, 37. 
Peanut contracts, 244. 

79 



Perkins, Secretary, 303. 

Petroleum imports, 194. 

Pigs, slaughter of, 109, in. 

Pinchot, Gifford, 170. 

Pork imports, 107. 

Potato Act, 1 02, 103, 226. 

Power projects, cost, 7, 8, 9, 10. 

Presidential oath, 69. 

Presidential power, 272. 

Press agents, 220, 221, 222, 298, 299, 

3*5- 

Prison farm subsidies, 70. 
Processing tax, new, 113. 
Processing taxes, 91, 113, 352, 353, 

360. 

Production, world, 4. 
Propaganda, illegal, 220. 
Puerto Rico, benefits, 128. 

Quarry circle, 195. 

Radio domination, 206. 

REA Loans, 39. 

Reed, James A., 109. 

Reedsville fiasco, 40. 

"Reign of Terror," 212, 224. 

Relief costs, 180. 

Reno, Milo, 114. 

Rental payments, effect of, 121. 

Resettlement Administration, 3, 43, 

44. 

RFC Loans cancelled, 53. 
Rhode Island, AAA, 248. 
Rice, large contracts, 136, 137. 
Ritchie, late governor, 302. 
Roosevelt, cable to Russia, 311. 

constitutionality, 57. 

invalid laws of, 68. 

on budget, 155. 

on bureaus, 41. 

on deficits, 143. 

on economy, 268, 365. 

on finances, 165. 

on politics, 181. 

on public credit, 158. 

on spending, 271, 350. 

on taxes, 283, 343. 



Russian, revolution, 311. 
Rye imports, 118, 119. 

Savings depositors, 183. 
Schechter case, 21. 
Search and seizure, 55. 
Secrecy, trade agreement, 27. 
Seed racket, Wallace's, 93. 
Self-admiration Society, 225. 
Sherman Act, waived, n. 
Shouse, Jouett, 61, 65. 
Shower baths, dogs', 338. 
Smith, Alfred E., 309. 
Social Security Act, 192, 364, 373. 
Socialist platform, 233, 234, 236, 237, 

238, 239, 240. 
Soil conservation, 116. 
Sound currency, 146, 148. 
Soviet propaganda, 269. 
Spahr, W. E., 35. 
Stalin of Russia, 333. 
Stamp racket, 226. 
States' Rights, 60. 
Strikes, 193. 

Sugar, large contracts, 128, 138, 139. 
Supreme Court decisions, 66, 67, 68. 
Surplus taxes, 375, 383. 

Tariffs, farm, 26, 86. 
Taxes, 344, 345, 358, 359, 362, 363, 
368, 369. 

hidden, 351, 356, 374. 

on wages, 192. 

and food, 349. 
Telegrams, seizure of, 208, 209, 210, 

211. 

Terrorism, 212, 224. 
Textile imports, 196, 198. 
Thomas, Senator Elmer, Title page. 
Tobacco, large contracts, 135. 
Trade agreements, 27, 28, 29, 31, 85, 

105. 
Trade agreements, hearings, 27. 



Track frauds, 336. 

Tugwell, Rexford, 43, 44, 45, 133, 

249, 250, 354- 
Tugwelltown, 45, 47. 
TVA, 8, 9, 10, 96. 
TVA costs, 9. 

Unemployment insurance, 234. 
Unemployment today, 171. 

Vandenberg, Senator Arthur H., no. 
Veterans, compensation, 228. 

employment, 304. 
Virgin Islands rum, 25. 

Wage law, minimum, 236. 
Wages, 173, 174, 176, 178, 372. 
China and Japan, 50. 
England, 30 

Waldrop, Frank C, 306. 
Wallace, Secretary, 67, 113, 124, 125, 

279, 307. 

Wallace seed racket, 93. 
Walsh, Senator David I., Title page. 
Warburg, James, 145. 
Washington, George, 254. 
Wasserman, Max J., 255. 
Wealth, who owns, 185. 
Wheat, contracts, 81. 
exports, 80, 83. 
imports, 82, 83. 
Whispering campaign, 282. 
Williams, Ray, 38. 
Wilson, Woodrow, 262. 
Witches Political Army, 316. 
Work relief, 169. 
WPA politics, 223, 257, 289, 319, 

322, 323, 324, 325, 327, 328, 

329,334,335,336,337,338,339, 

340. 
WPA wages, 173. 

Yale professors, quoted, 161. 



80