1. Phonology Table 1 gives the consonant phonemes of Sioux, and table 2, the vowels. The discussion that follows specifies the significant variants of these phonemes for the Teton dialect. Although the transcription is phonemic, it uses and adapts some conventions and diacritics from earlier practical orthographies and uses capitalization and punc- tuation in accordance with written English norms. Table 1. Lakhota Consonants Labial Dental Palatal Velar Post Velar Glottal Obstruents stops voiceless plain P t c k voiceless aspirated ph th ch kh voiceless glottalized P ? t ? c 9 k ? voiced b € fricatives voiceless plain s s K voiced z z 8 Resonants nasals m n h lateral I Glides w y 441 SKETCH OF LAKHOTA, A SIOUAN LANGUAGE Table 2. Lakhota Vowels Front Central Back high oral i u nasal i H mid e o low nasal Q oral a Stress and Pitch relative loudness, high pitch Diacritics used in phonetic transcriptions: v less loud than vowels stressed A fading loudness, high falling pitch v increasing loudness, high rising pitch Rood, David S. and Allan R. Taylor. 1996. Sketch of Lakhota, a Siouan Language. In: Goddard, Ives (ed.) Handbook of North American Indians Vol 17: Languages. Washington: Smithsonian Institution.