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SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY
OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK
FROM ITS ORGANIZATION TO THE END OF THE
William M. MacBean
SECRETARY OF THE SOCIETY
.34 S^ I
JAN 25 1912
It is rather singular that the Scotsmen of New York, of whom
there were many — landed proprietors, professional men and mer-
chants — should have so long delayed the formation of a Scottish
charitable society. Boston, Charleston, Philadelphia and Savannah,
in the order named, were earlier in the field. The first notice I have
found of any attempt at forming a Scottish Society in New York was
in 1753, but it appears to have been more patriotic and social than
charitable. In that year, I find in the press of the day repeated calls
to meeting of "The Scots Society" at the home of Malcolm McEuen
"near the City Hall" (then in Wall Street), and on Saint Andrew's
Day of that year this Society honored the occasion by a dinner at
"Scotch Johnny's" (otherwise John Thomson, a popular boniface of
that time), "at the sign of the Crown and Thistle at the White Hall
Slip." The ships in the river were dressed, cannon fired by the naval
vessel on the station, and in the evening the members went in a body
to the theatre in Nassau Street, escorted by "a vast concourse of
people." One wonders whether the "Garb of Old Gaul" or the bag-
pipes were the greater attraction, for they must have had one or the
other, if not both, to account for the "vast concourse." Nothing
further is heard of this "Scots Society," but it probably was the
seed which bore such grand fruit.
The Highland dress and the bagpipes, however, were destined
soon to be no novelty in the Colony. In 1756 Pitt determined to
press the war with France and attempt the conquest of Canada. For
this purpose he needed soldiers, and he had the sagacity to turn a
formidable disturbing element to the peace of the country into loyal
supporters of the government. The chiefs of the clans were offered
rank in the army if companies of Highland soldiers were raised by
them for service abroad, and in a very short time it became manifest
that the Highlands of Scotland was a recruiting ground for brave
and adventurous men to whom soldiering appealed, and their subse-
quent behavior in many a well-fought field in support of the Empire
justified Pitt's action. It is true there already was a regiment of
Highland soldiers in the ranks of the army, the 42nd, or Black
Watch, and on the field of Fontenoy they had demonstrated what
they could do, but they were not popular in the Highlands at the
time, as they were looked upon as a Whig regiment and had been
raised for the purpose of being a "watch" upon the Highlands.
Pitt's first step against the French was to send the 42nd Royal High-
landers to New York, and this city saw an unusual sight in the
month of June, 1756, when this regiment marched through its streets,
to the barracks in the fort at Bowling Green, with colors flying and
bagpipes playing. The 42nd did not remain long in New York, their
destination being Albany, the rendezvous for the army intended for
campaigning on the Lakes. It is probable that the Scottish residents
of New York entertained the officers of the regiment, for we find
that, in the following year when two more Scottish regiments arrived,
the 77th, Montgomery's Highlanders, and the 78th, Fraser's High-
landers, they were entertained royally.
On the nineteenth day of November in the year 1756, "a number
of gentlemen, natives of Scotland, and of Scottish descent, met to-
gether and agreed to form themselves into a Society for charitable
purposes." Many of the Scottish officers in the army, captains of
trading vessels, some of whom became subsequently merchants of
New York, and visiting Scotsmen were enrolled as members. On
Saint Andrew's Day of 1757 the Society held its first anniversary
dinner, the event being duly chronicled in the press. The Society
continued on its way thereafter, dispensing its charities and celebrat-
ing each succeeding Saint Andrew's Day until 1774, when the
troublous times of the Revolution put a temporary stop to its activi-
ties. During the period under review many other regiments arrived
in the Colony and many of the Scottish officers in their ranks joined
the Society. The 26th Cameronians, the 1st Royals and the 60th
Royal American regiment, the latter officered largely by Scotsmen,
contributed a goodly number to our ranks. Many of them rose to
high rank in the service and others gave their lives for their country.
At the peace of 1763 some of the Scottish regiments were dis-
banded, and officers and men were given the option to remain in the
country, grants of land being offered them as an inducement. Many
of them had formed ties in this country and had taken them wives
and begat families, and they as a rule remained, and most of them
continued loyal to the flag for which they had fought. Not many of
their descendants are to be found here, however, but must be looked
for in Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. The leaven of the Society,
however, was the Scottish merchants of the city, who, for the honor
of Saint Andrew, looked after their poor fellow-countrymen, and
our best citizens went from house to house "relieving" the distressed."
Nothing heretofore has been done to rescue from oblivion the
personnel of the membership, with the exception of the Memorial
History by Mr. Morrison, published in 1906, on the one hundred
and fiftieth anniversary of the Society. This work was confined to
sketches of the lives of the Presidents. I am attempting the identifi-
cation of the membership from its early beginning in 1756 to the
year 1806. The following installment of the work is devoted to the
period 1756- 1783, and I hope it will meet at least with indulgence in
view of the fact that not a line of it was collected prior to a year ago.
Sketches of the several officers, of whom I have given only their
official record, may yet be found in the many works on the period
published in this country, and in the town and county histories of
Those members who have not been identified were prominent
Scotsmen in the Colony of New York, merchants from other Ameri-
can Colonies or visiting Scotsmen from the West Indies, and it is
hoped that some time in the future some data concerning them may
In the year 1823 the Society published a copy of its Constitution
with a list of officers and members from the beginning to that date.
This list was made up from the Records in the handwriting of the
several secretaries, and owing to the difficulty of deciphering, errors
crept into the printed record. Errors also have occurred through
faulty spelling. No effort seemed to have been made to identify
each member, and the errors have remained until this day. Where-
ever these errors have been noted, corrections have been made with
great care and only after mature deliberation.
The next period, from the Evacuation to the close of the first fifty
years of the Society's existence, 1783-1806, will be a more difficult
task, as sketches of the lives of plain merchant citizens are not easily
attainable. The press is almost the only source of information and
the advertisements therein practically the only reading matter, out-
side of foreign news. There was then no society column with its
divulgence of intimate and indiscreet information, no obituary
sketches, and not always an obituary notice. There is no doubt,
however, that the descendants of many of our members of this
period could help materially in the work of identification could they
be got at, therefore the results obtained should eventually be pub-
lished, no matter how little there can be said about each member, in
order that our citizens of Scottish descent may become interested in
their ancestors' connection with the Saint Andrew's Society of the
State of New York.
I shall esteem it a favor should anyone correct any errors into
which I may have fallen, and I invite correspondence which may add
to our knowledge of any of the members in the following list.
William M. MacBean,
ii Wall Street,
New York City,
Nov. 2nd, 1911.
ROSTER OF THE SOCIETY.
Vice-President 1758-59; 4th President 1759-61.
(For biographical sketch see Morrison's History.)
REV. HENRY BARCLAY, D.D.
Son of the Rev. Thomas Barclay-, Rector of St. Peters' Church,
Albany, N. Y., in which city he was born; graduated Yale, 1734;
missionary for many years among the Mohawks ; became Rector of
Trinity Church, New York, October 1746; d. August 20, 1764.
LIEUT.-GOV. SIR FRANCIS JAMES BUCHANAN.
In 1757 Capt. Buchanan of the Royal American Regiment of
Artillery was stationed at Sandy Hook, according to the Post Boy;
was with Braddock and was wounded in the fight. The British
Army List gives his record as follows : — Capt. -Lieut. Royal Artillery
April 1, 1756; Captain, January 1, 1759; Major in the army July 23,
1772. In 1776 he received the appointment of Lieut. -Gov. of Kinsale
and Charles Fort in the Kingdom of Ireland, and was knighted. In
1779 had become Lieut.-Colonel.
(This name appears on Roll as G. J. Buchanan.)
2 ROSTER. [1756
J'.RIGADIER-GENERAL DONALD CAMPBELL.
Son of Lachlan Campbell of Islay, Argyleshire, and "Campbell
Hall." Ulster Co., N. Y. ; was born at the latter place; young when
father died ; apprenticed to a merchant in New York and went
several voyages as supercargo to the West Indies. When the 42nd
Highlanders landed in New York in 1756 he found several relatives
among the officers, entered the regiment as a volunteer, soon receiv-
ing an Ensigncy, served in one or two campaigns in 1759, received
an appointment as Lieutenant in the Royal American Regiment while
at Quebec; 1763 reduced to half-pay; went to England, presented a
Memorial to the Crown and eventually received a large grant of land.
His second visit to England is dwelt on at length in Jones' History of
New York. When the news of the skirmish at Lexington reached
New York, Donald, with a motley crowd, paraded the town with
drums beating, colors flying and invited the citizens to take up arms.
For his activities he expected reward and was much chagrined when
he found that he did not receive an appointment in the Continental
army; went to Philadelphia, presented a Memorial to Congress and
was appointed Deputy Quarter-Master General ; went with Mont-
gomery to Canada, was at the siege of St. Johns, at Montreal when
it surrendered, and at Quebec. Upon the death of Montgomery and
the wounding of Arnold, Campbell took command, raised the block-
ade, retired to Montreal, leaving all his cannon, stores and sick
behind. This offended Congress and he was never afterwards em-
ployed. He retired to the country, where he lived indigent, neglected
and forlorn. His brothers, who had also been in the Seven Years
War,. remained loyal.
In 1756 at house next the Merchants Coffee House, where he did
a general business and became known in later years as a Wine Mer-
chant. In 1764 one of the Trustees to give title to the lands granted
to the Campbell emigrants. In 1766 his store was on "Crommelin's
Wharf back of Judge Livingston's" and his advertisement says that
1756] st. Andrew's society. 3
he proposes to go out of business. He probably moved to the country,
for his name does not appear in the press again as late as 1780. In
1785 he contributed £4 to the proposed Saint Andrew's Hall.
LIEUT. STAIR CAMPBELL CARRE.
His official record is as follows: Ensign 62nd Regiment, Jan-
uary 7, 1756; Lieut. 60th Regiment, May 7, 1757; and again in same
regiment with the same rank of Lieut., May 8, 1764.
Manager 1756-59; Vice-President 1759-64; President 1764-66.
(See Morrison's History.)
In 1750 had a store in King Street; on December 28, 1755, the
firm of Aspinwall and Doughty, in the woolen business, terminated,
and Thomas continued in business, keeping a miscellaneous line of
goods, and located in Queen Street. In 1759 he removed to Dock
Street betwixt the Slip and Coenties Market, and the character of
his business had changed to fine groceries, wines, etc. In 1775 he
proposes moving to the country and everything is offered for sale,
even his furniture. He probably left the country and remained away
during the Revolution, but returned, for Dr. Francis tells of a
Thomas Doughty who was one of those who repaired to Dr. Hosack's
Elgin Botanical Garden to study Botany.
4 ROSTER. [1756
DR. JAMES DRUMMOND.
Surgeon of the 4th Battalion of the 60th Royal American Regi-
ment, lie had a house in Beaver Street.
John Duncan was born in Scotland and came out to Schenectady
in I 755- He was possessed of a good capital and opened an exten-
sive mercantile establishment. He was the pioneer of a new style of
merchants and a new mode of trade at Schenectady. Soon 1 after locat-
ing he formed a partnership with James Phyn of London (also a
member) and they became extensive wholesale and retail merchants
and forwarders, extending their business far and wide over the lakes,
and after 1759 dealing largely and directly with Montreal. Duncan
took care of the business in Schenectady while Phyn, his partner,
attended to the business abroad and at Montreal. They both became
exceedingly rich, for that day, and retired from business. Duncan
built a country seat called "The Hermitage." He was first Recorder
of Schenectady, and in 1763 Justice of the Peace; in 1773 Sixth
Judge of Albany County, and in 1774 he attended the Congress of
the Six Nations, which met after the death of Col. Johnson. During
the Revolution he remained loyal to the Crown. In 1785 he sub-
scribed, by William Malcom, £10 towards Saint Andrew's Hall. He
died at the Hermitage May 5, 1791, aged 69 years, much esteemed
for generous hospitality and unostentatious benevolence. From
Saunders' "Early History of Schenectady." In the List of Members
of Saint Andrew's Society which appears in the first City Directory
of 1786 he is styled Capt. John Duncan.
The first notice of James Duthie which I have found appears in
the New York Post Boy of May 25, 1761, and is somewhat of a
curiosity. "To Be Sold, at Duthie's London Peruke Ware-House at
1756] st. Andrew's society. 5
White-Hall all Sorts of Perukes ready made, of the newest fashions,
at the lowest prices that can be afforded by any one of the Business,
that does Justice to his Customers, and warranted to be as good
Work, and made of as good hairs as any in America. Also Ladies
Teats, Bandos for the Hair, and Bags of the newest Fashion,
Roaseats and Ramellees, hard and soft Pomatum, false Oues, and
many other articles necessary in that way. By their Humble Ser-
vant James Duthie." In 1762 he moved to Golden Hill "at the sign
of the Golden Pot" and changed his business to Wines. Spirits and
WILLIAM FARQUHAR, M.D.
Manager 1756-57. Vice-President 1757-58.
In 1759 in Smith Street, Foot of Pot Baker's Hill. m. Jane, dau.
of Cadwallader Golden same year. "A very worthy good Scotsman,
distinguished for his knowledge and abilities." d. May, 1787.
LIEUT. CHARLES FORBES.
Lieut. 60th Royal Americans December 31, 1755; Capt. -Lieut.
March 22, 1757; k. at Ticonderoga.
In 1742 on the Roll of Freemen ; 1750 store in Smith Street, sold
European Goods ; 1756 house "next the corner, near the Exchange" ;
1757 made an assignment to James Sackett and in same year died.
A native of Scotland. Appears on our records as Ennis Graham ;
in 1753 advertised as "^neas," but afterwards assumed the name of
Ennis; in 1748 house in Smith Street, where he sold European
6 ROSTER. [ T 756
Goods; 1755 advertised as "Taylor, in Broad Street, near the Ex-
change opposite Post Boy office"; 176 1 haberdasher as well as
tailor ; 1762 moved to corner of Wall Street "facing the Meal Market,
near the Coffee House" where he remained for many years; in 1773
he was still in Wall Street "facing Mr. Rivington's New Printing
Office." Retired to Middlesex Co., N. J. d. 1777.
LIEUT. WILLIAM HAY.
Ensign 62nd Regiment Royal Americans Jan. 4, 1756; Lieut.
60th, Dec. 11, 1756; Ensign May 24, 1758.
Presumably a lawyer. Found as witness to several wills.
* LIEUT.-COL. JOHN INNIS.
Captain Royal Artillery April 2, 1757; Major in the army July 23,
1772. Lieut. -Colonel by brevet Aug. 29, 1777.
(This name appears on our Roll as Joseph Innes.)
f DAVID JOHNSTON.
Manager 1756-59; Vice-Pres. 1772-74; Pres. 1774-75; 1784-85.
(See Morrison's History.)
* It is probable that this member's Christian name was written Jno and
deciphered Jos, but as a mistake was made in the name of his brother officer,
Lieut. Buchanan, it is a fair presumption that both officers were not intimately
known to secretary.
t David Johnston was descended from Dr. John Johnstone of Edinburgh, b.
1661, came to New York in 1685 and removed thence to Perth Amboy, where he
practised medicine until his death in 1732. His son John (b. 1691, d. 1732)
1756] st. Andrew's society. 7
There was a firm of Kennedy and Dunlap whose partnership ex-
pired on May 1, 1756. At the time of his death he was said to be of
Boston and late of St. Eustachius, W. I. He was a brother of Archi-
bald Kennedy of New York and Walter Kennedy of Surinam, and,
therefore, uncle of the future Earl of Cassilis. His will was proved
on oath of John Ross, a fellow member of the Society. In the
Mercury, Aug. 22, 1763, appears the following notice, "a Passage
Boat crossing to Wright's Ferry was caught in a squall and upset
and Mr. Robert Kennedy and Mr. Morison (Scotch Gentlemen of
great Merit and Fortune") .... and Mr. David Gemmel were
drowned." Mr. Kennedy was buried at Richmond Church, Staten
Son of Philip, 2nd Lord of the Manor; educated at Yale; in 1754
in Broad Street in the Hardware and Coal business ; in 1756 near
the Whitehall Slip, storehouse being in Duke Street; in 1761 in
partnership with Alexander as John & Alexander Livingston, store
being in Rotten Row near the Old Slip and the business Dry Goods ;
this same year removed to south side of Queen Street, d. 1786.
First President of the Society 1756-57.
Signer of the Declaration of Independence.
(See Morrison's History.)
married Elizabeth Jamieson, and David was their third child. Colonel John,
given in Morrison's History as David's father, was his elder brother and was
a Colonel of Provincial forces and was not in the British army. The story that
David was the true heir to the Marquisate of Annandale could hardly be true,
as there were several lives between him and the succession, descendants of his
grandfather, Dr. John.
8 ROSTER. [11756
GOVERNOR WILLIAM LIVINGSTON.
Son of Philip, 2nd Lord of the Manor; b. Albany, N. Y., Novem-
ber 30, 1723; d. Elizabethtown, N. J., July 25, 1790; graduated Yale
1741 ; began the study of law in the office of James Alexander, com-
pleting his course under William Smith ; admitted to the Bar Octo-
ber, 1748, and soon became one of the leaders of his profession;
served three years in the legislature; in 1772 removed to "Liberty
Hall" at Elizabethtown, which had an eventful history during the
Revolutionary War and more than one attempt to burn it was made,
the stairs still showing the cuts that were made by the Hessians
when baffled in their attempt to capture the owner; served for a
time in Congress ; in June, 1776, he assumed the duties of Brigadier-
General and Commander-in-Chief of the New Jersey Militia ; in
August he was elected first Governor of the State of New Jersey.
During the occupancy of New Jersey by the British troops he filled
his office with great efficiency, as is shown by Washington's writ-
ings. — (Appleton.) While in New York he lived at 52 Wall Street.
He and John Morin Scott were known as the Presbyterian lawyers.
In 1752 he started a paper called the "Independent Reflector." He
was known as "The Itinerant Dey of New Jersey," "The Knight
of the most honourable Order of Starvation and Chief of the Inde-
pendents," and "The Don Quixote of the Jerseys" ; on account of
his being very tall and thin a female wit dubbed him "The Whipping
CAPTAIN JAMES LOUTTIT.
Mariner; probably son of William Louttit who advertised in 1750
as "Teacher of Navigation," and lived "in the swamp."
CAPTAIN COLLIN McALPINE.
In 1759 Master of the brig "Polly" and traded between New
York, South Carolina and Ireland. In July of that year arrived in
Charleston and reported that on his passage from Charleston to
1756] st. Andrew's society. 9
Jamaica he had been captured off Port Morant by two French
privateers from Port-au-Prince, but that same evening he recovered
his vessel from the French by "a singular Act of Bravery." — N. Y.
Mercury. In 1771 he had a new vessel the Ship "St. George." In
the Mercury, 1777, appears the following item : — "Capt. McAlpine
a brave and hearty Friend to his King and Country was some time
ago confined to the Gaol at Poughkeepsie on suspicion of enlisting
Men for His Majesty's Service. His friends rescued him."
Son of Alexander who had emigrated from Ireland in 1731 and
settled for a time at Fag's Manor, Chester County, Pennsylvania,
where John was born Feb. 20, 1734. The family originally came
from Argyleshire. John graduated at Princeton and thereafter
practised law in this city. He seems to have been associated with
John Morin Scott, as both are frequently witnesses on the same
wills. On June 17, 1768, he is entered on the Roll of Freemen as
"Gentleman and Attorney-at-Law." In the Clinton Papers, Vol. I,
p. 196, the following appears: — "John McKesson was one of the
most active Americans in the State of New York during the Revo-
lutionary War. His relations with the leaders were close and
intimate. He was appointed Secretary of the Provincial Convention
which met in New York the 20th of April, 1775, for the purpose of
choosing delegates to represent the colony in the Continental Con-
gress, and subsequently acted as Secretary to the Council of Safety.
July 31, 1776, he was appointed by the Provincial Convention,
Register in Chancery, which position he held for a number of years.
He acted as one of the Secretaries to the State Convention which
was called to ratify the Federal Constitution. He was the first
Clerk of the Assembly of New York which convened Sept. 1, 1777,
and held the position continuously until 1794." He died of yellow
fever Sept. 18, 1798, unmarried.
(This name appears on Roll as McGuson.)
IO ROSTER. [ J 756
GENERAL ALLAN McLEAN OF TORLOISK.
General Allan Maclean, Torloisk, Island of Mull, was born there
in 1725, and began his military career in the service of Holland, in
the Scots Brigade. At the siege of Bergen-op-Zoom, in 1747, a
portion of his brigade cut its way with great loss through the
French. On January 8, 1756, Allan became lieutenant in the 62nd
Regiment and in 1758 was severely wounded at Ticonderoga. He
became captain of an independent company January 16, 1759, and
was present at the surrender of Niagara, where he was again danger-
ously wounded. Returning to Great Britain, he raised the 114th
foot or Royal Highland Volunteers, of which he was appointed
major commandant October 18, 1761. The regiment being reduced
in 1763, Major McLean went on half-pay. He became lieutenant-
colonel May 25, 1772, and early in 1775 devised a colonization
scheme which brought him to America, landing in New York in
that year. At the outbreak of the Revolution he identified himself
with the royalist side and was arrested in New York ; was released
on denying he was taking a part in the dispute ; thence went to the
Mohawk and on to Canada, where he began to organize a corps,
which became the nucleus of the Royal Highland Emigrants. Of
this regiment Major Allan was appointed lieutenant-colonel of the
first battalion which he had raised. Quebec might have fallen into the
hands of General Arnold had not Colonel McLean suddenly precipi-
tated himself with a part of his corps into the beleagured city. In
1776, Colonel McLean was appointed adjutant-general of the army,
which he held until 1777, when he became brigadier-general, and
placed in command at Montreal, and in November was ordered to
Quebec. He left Quebec for England in July, 1776, in order to
obtain rank and establishment for his regiment, which had been
promised. He returned to Canada and in 1778 he again went to
England and made a personal appeal to the King in behalf of his
regiment, which proved successful. August. 1779, saw him again
in Quebec. He became colonel in the army November 17, 1780, and
in the winter of 1782 had command from the ports at Oswegatchie
to Michilimackinac. Soon after the peace of 1783, General McLean
retired from the service and died in London in March, 1797. From
Maclean's "Highlanders in America."
1756] st. Andrew's society. ii
In 1750 Staymaker near the Meal Market ; in 1765 near the
Mayor's in Smith Street at the "Sign of the White Stays" ; in 1773
in Queen Street. Dead in 1784.
PETER MIDDLETON, M.D.
Manager 1757-62; 1763-4; 1 773-75 ; Vice-Pres. 1764-66;
(See Morrison's History.)
CAPTAIN THOMAS MILLER.
One of the most noted captains in the London trade ; in 1753
in command of the brig "Maria" ; in 1756 advertised the sale of
European and Indian Goods at the house of Daniel Wright near the
Meal Market; m. October 13 Patty, dau. of Thomas Willet;
he is next found in King Street; in 1760 advertises a cargo of
African slaves for sale; in 1769 at sea again in the ship "Britannia"
for London, and the following year in the month of May, "six weeks
from the Downs," he "brought over the statues of His Majesty and
Mr. Pitt" which had been ordered by the Assembly of the Colony in
gratitude for the repeal of the Stamp Act. In 1769 he was elected a
member of the Chamber of Commerce and in 1773 a member of the
Marine Society. He remained loyal to the Crown, and in 1776 was
an addressor of Lord Howe, and sailed for England with his family
in the fleet which took over Governor Tryon in September, 1780.
JOHN MILLIGAN, M.D.
In 1750 Druggist at Beaver Street; in 1755 styled doctor; in
1756 advertises "drugs and medicines in general both Chymical and
Galenical, neat as imported," besides "Turlington's Balsam of Life,"
in which he seems to have set great store; in 1759 he "declines
12 ROSTER. [1756
business," but later in the year he advertises "Wholesale business
only"; in 1761 "At the Woman's Shoe Store in Beaver Street" and
adds "Practitioner in Surgery and Physick." His business was
somewhat general in its character.
Secretary 1757-58; Manager 1760-61.
In 1750 he is found "near the Fly-Market" in the ship-chandlery
business; in 1758 his store is on the "Wharf between the Ferry
Stairs and Burlings Slip" ; in 1761 he advertises that he is going to
the country and has taken in David Milligan as a partner under the
style of Morison & Milligan; in 1762 he had retired altogether,
Milligan carrying on the business under his own name ; Morison
belonged to the Masonic fraternity. He was drowned along with
Robert Kennedy and David Gemmel, Aug. 22, 1763.
HON. RICHARD MORRIS.
Secretary 1756-57; 1758-61.
b. New York, August 15, 1730, third son of Lewis and Katrintje
(Staats) Morris and a grandson of Lewis Morris, Chief Justice of
New Jersey and New York. He graduated at Yale in 1748 and
took up the study of law. He was admitted to the Bar and soon
became known for his legal learning. In 1762 he was made a judge
of the vice-admiralty, resigning later to take up the cause of the
people against the Crown. In 1776 he was made judge of the High
Court of Admiralty of New York but declined the office. Two
years afterwards he was elected to the State Senate, and in 1779
became Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of New York, an office
he held for one year. He was a member of the State Convention
which ratified the Federal Constitution in 1788, and in 1790 he re-
tired to his estate at Scarsdale, Westchester County, New York,
where he passed the remainder of his life. He died in 1810. — Na-
tional Cyclopedia of Biography.
1756] st. Andrew's society. 13
JAMES MURRAY, M.D.
In 1756 at "The Sign of the Bell, near the Merchants Coffee
House, opposite the Meal Market," where he did business as a
"Druggist and Wholesale Apothecary." In March he advertises for
old linen for the King's Hospital. In 1763 removed to the upper
corner of the Fly-Market. He was succeeded by William Steuart
and d. June, 1769.
LIEUT. FRANCIS PRINGLE.
Gazetted December 3, 1755, Lieutenant in the 62nd Royal Ameri-
In 1763 General Merchant doing business "opposite upper end of
HON. JOHN RUTHERFORD.
In 1743 Captain of an Independent Company. On January 14,
1744, he was sworn a member of His Majesty's Council of New
York, much to the chagrin of Governor Clinton, who tried to have
the appointment revoked but did not succeed. Rutherford was a
man of rank and learning. In 1745 he attended a Conference at
Albany with the Indians. In 1754 he and Staats Long Morris were
sent to England to lay before the ministry a plan of attack on
Ticonderoga. Philip Livingston and he were personal foes. In 1755
he served in Sir Peter Halkett's Brigade, in Braddock's Campaign.
In 1756 was appointed Major in the 3rd Battalion of the 60th Royal
American Regiment. He was killed in the attack on Ticonderoga
July 8, 1758.
ROSTER. [ J 756
MAJOR WALTER RUTHERFURD.
Manager 1761-66; 1st Vice-President 1785-87;
President 1766-67; 1792-98.
(See Morrison's History.)
HON. JOHN MORIN SCOTT.
(See Morrison's History.)
ADAM THOMSON, M.D.
Vice-President 1756-57; President 1757-58.
(See Morrison's History.)
In the Post Boy of October 9, 1758, he advertises Snuff and
robacco of his own manufacture, wholesale and retail, "two doors
from the Merchants Coffee House"; by 1761 he had become an ex-
tensive manufacturer; in 1763 had a store in Rotten Row, where he
had added ship-chandlery, wholesale and retail, to his snuff and
tobacco business ; in same year acted as executor of Robert Ken-
nedy; in 1764 he moved to "New Rochel," leaving William Malcom
as his agent; in 1767 he became insolvent and all his effects were
sold "on the Bridge" at the Merchants Coffee House; in 1769 he
removes back to "the Snuff Mills in the Bowery Lane" and appeals
to the patriotism of Americans to patronize the home-made article ;
in 1771 he appeals to the pocket as well as to local pride; in 1772
1756] st. Andrew's society. 15
Snuff Mill advertised for sale and described as "near the Bulls Head
Tavern in the outward" ; later in the year he is still in business, but
has added "all kinds of grain, ginger, etc., everything that can be
manufactured in a grist mill." d. 1779.
CAPTAIN JOHN TROUP, R. N.
On retiring from the navy he settled at Jamaica, L. I., and
entered into business in New York. In 1750 he was at Hanover
Square in the hardware business. During the French War he was
the agent of Robert Troup, probably his brother, and a famous
privateersman. He seems to have acted a great deal in a fiduciary
capacity. He died at Jamaica Feb. 21, 1775, aged 70 years, "a
gentleman universally beloved and much lamented."
CAPTAIN JOHN WADDELL.
Came from Dover, England. In 1748 he was Captain of the
"Oswego," trading to London, while in September of that year he
transferred his command to his new ship "Dover," which he had
built in the East River at the foot of Dover Street, the street taking
its name from the ship. His store was in King Street as early as
1748, where he dealt in European and India Goods. In 175') he
moved to Dock Street. He was one of the first subscribers to the
New York Society Library, and his wife, the only female, whose
name appeared in the document of incorporation granted by George
III. He was one of the original 33 members of the Masonic Society
of the City of New York. Died in 1762.
CAPTAIN JOHN WALKER.
In the European trade, being master of several vessels. Have
found no evidence that he left the sea for business.
1 6 ROSTER. [1756
CAPTAIN JOHN WALKER, JR.
Son of the preceding. He also was engaged in the European and
West Indian trade and commanded several vessels. In 1785 he con-
tributed to Saint Andrew's Hall Fund £3.4.0, and when money was
returned it was receipted for by Robert Hyslop. In 1793 his ad-
dress was No. 6 Green Street, then very much in the country, show-
ing that he had probably retired from business. On November 7,
1774, he became a member of the Marine Society.
HON. JOHN WATTS.
Vice-Pres. 1770-71 ; President 1771-72.
(See Morrison's History.)
THOMAS WOOD, M.D.
In 1750 was an apothecary in New Brunswick, and advertises
that his shop and drugs are for sale. As New Brunswick was a
military station, he was probably an ex-army surgeon. In 1752 he
advertises for pupils to a course of lectures on Osteology and
Myology, £6 for the course, and adds that with proper encourage-
ment he will give other courses, including dissecting. By 1756 he
may have moved into New York, but no further trace of him has
yet been found.
757] st. Andrew's society. 17
CAPTAIN JOHN ALEXANDER.
In 1752 Captain of the snow "Albany" in the London trade. In
1757 in command of the privateer brigantine "Hawke," of twelve
guns. The firm of John Alexander & Co. did business at the corner
of Smith and King Streets, "opposite Mr. Philip Philipse," where,
among other things, they sold "Herrings, Barley, Delftware, carpets.
Tartans or plaids"; in 1761 they moved opposite Donald Morison,
"betwixt the Fly and P«urling's Slip," and were shipping agents as
well as merchants; in 1766 they made an assignment for the benefit
of their creditors. In 1777 he became a member of the Marine
CAPTAIN WILLIAM BROWN.
Ship Captain and wine merchant. In 1750 he was master of the
"Good Intent," for St. Christophers; 1758, "next door to Mr. James
Livingston in Smith Street," where he can be traced as late as 1766.
In 1770 he became a member of the Marine Society, and in July,
1774, he died at Hispaniola, "leaving a widow and a very numerous
family of young children."
CAPTAIN ARCHIBALD CAMPBELL OF GLENLYON.
Lieut, in 78th, Fraser's Highlanders, Jan. 23, 1757; Capt. 78th,
Fraser's Highlanders, April 29, 1760.
LIEUTENANT JAMES CAMPBELL.
Lieutenant 60th Royal American Regiment, Jan. 30, 1756.
l8 ROSTER. [ 1757
Probably the son of Malcolm Campbell our first Treasurer. In
1758 collected payment for all goods at Lord Loudoun's sale of his
effects; in 1759 had store in Smith Street and in 1760 had moved
to store "by the Royal Exchange." In 1761 Malcolm Campbell
notified the public of the death of John and requested payment of
CAPTAIN ROBERT CAMPBELL.
Jan. 17, 1756, Ensign 62nd Royal Americans; Mar. 23, 1758,
Lieut. 60th Royal Americans ; Apr. 27, 1762, Captain.
COLONEL GAVIN COCHRANE.
Became Captain in 60th Royal Americans, 1st Battalion, Jan. 15,
1756; Major in the army, while he was stationed at Crown Point
in 1772, and is referred to by the N. Y. Mercury as "a very respect-
able veteran" and "hopes he will get the vacant majority in the
regiment." He did not, however, another receiving it; appointed
Major of the 69th Regiment Aug. 14, 1773; promoted to be Lieu-
tenant-Colonel of the 58th Regiment, then stationed at Gibraltar,
June 24, 1777; became Colonel in the army Nov. 20, 1782, and died
in the Spring of 1786. Colonial Documents, Vol. X.
LIEUT.-COLONEL JOHN WALKINSHAW CRAUFURD.
Twenty-first laird of Craufurdland, Ayrshire; b. 1721 ; entered
army as cornet in the North British Dragoons in 1741 ; distinguished
himself at Dettingen in 1743 and Fontenoy in 1745; in August, 1746,
1757] ST - Andrew's society. 19
accompanied his friend, the Earl of Kilmarnock, to the scaffold on
Tower Hill, for which act of friendship his name, it was said, was
placed at the bottom of the army list. He served in the French and
Indian War as Captain in the 78th Fraser's Highlanders and was
present at the capture of Quebec in 1759. Returned to England the
following year; obtained command of the 115th Foot in 1761 ; pro-
moted lieutenant-colonel in 1772. In 1761 he was appointed His
Majesty's Falconer for Scotland, and in 1762 received the freedom
of the City of Perth. He died unmarried in February, 1793. Diet.
(He appears on our Roll as John Crawford.)
CAPTAIN JAMES DALZELL.
Of the Carnwath family; Lieut. 62nd Royal Americans Jan. 15,
1756; Captain 80th Regiment Dec. 28, 1757; Captain 1st Royals,
2nd Battalion, Sept. 13, 1760. Attempted to surprise Pontiac's
camp at Presque Isle and was killed Aug. 8, 1763.
LIEUTENANT JOHN ELLIOT.
Entered the army as Ensign of the 27th Foot Nov. 22, 1756;
wounded at Ticonderoga; promoted to a Lieutenancy Aug. 2, 1759;
exchanged into the 1st Royals Feb. 14, 1760, and dropped in 1771.
Honorary member of the Marine Society.
LIEUTENANT LACHLAN FORBES.
Ensign 60th Regiment, Dec. n, 1756; Lieut., Apr. 14, 1758.
LIEUT.-GENERAL SIMON FRASER, MASTER OF LOVAT.
Simon Fraser, Master of Lovat, was born in 1726; educated at
St. Andrews University ; sent by Lord Lovat with part of the clan
ROSTER. [ 1757
to join Prince Charlie. The depositions printed in the Nezv Spald-
ing Club's Historical Papers show that he was at Perth at Christmas,
1745, and in Stirling in January. 1746. Mr. Alexander Mackenzie,
the Fraser historian, says he was present at Culloden. Mr. Lang
states that the Master of Lovat came up too late for the battle.
He was attainted by Act of Parliament on 4th June, 1746, sur-
rendered on 2nd August, and imprisoned in Edinburgh till August,
1747; was released about that date, and went to Glasgow, as the
Lovat estates had been forfeited: called to the Scottish bar in 1750;
one of the Crown counsel at the trial of James Stewart for the
murder of Campbell of Glenure in 1752. Soon afterwards he
entered the army, raised the Fraser regiment in 1757, and became
lieutenant-colonel ; fought at Louisburg under Wolfe ; present at
both battles of Quebec, and commanded the left wing at the latter;
elected M. P. for Inverness-shire in 1761, but soon saw active ser-
vice in Portugal and became a major-general ; Lovat estates were
restored to him in 1774: in September, 1776, he was elected a Town
Councillor of Nairn and continued as such till his death ; died a
lieutenant-general on Feb. 8, 1782 ; figures in Robert Louis Steven-
son's "Catriona," where his character is portrayed in a way that
gave just offence to Highlanders. — From David M. Mackay's "Trial
of Lord Lovat."
(This appeared under date 1756, which was incorrect.)
CAPTAIN SIMON FRASER.
Third son of Charles Fraser, 7th of Inverallochy, b. May 26,
1732. He joined General Simon Fraser in 1757, when he raised the
Fraser Highlanders, was appointed senior Captain, was mortally
wounded on the Fleights of Abraham, and died at Quebec on Oct. 15,
1759, unmarried. His brother Charles was brutally murdered on
the Field of Culloden by orders of the "Butcher."
ENSIGN SIMON FRASER.
Of the 78th, Fraser's Highlanders. Wounded at Quebec, 1759.
1757] ST - Andrew's society. 21
LIEUTENANT GEORGE FULLERTON.
Lieut. 62nd Regiment Feb. 1, 1756.
CAPTAIN CHARLES GRAEME.
Lieut. 62nd Regiment, Second Battalion, Royal Americans, Jan. 1,
J 756; Captain 60th, Jan. 1, 1756.
CAPTAIN JOHN GRIGG.
In 1756 Captain of the privateer brig "Johnson," of twenty-four
swivels and one hundred and twenty men, and in December of that
year he captured, off St. Kitts, a large ship from Marseilles under
Spanish colors, supposed to be French ; captured another French
ship of twenty-four guns worth from £16,000 to £18,000; in 1757
he writes he was attacked by a French privateer off the Island of
Grand Terre "without ceremony," and drove him off, but that same
evening His Majesty's sloop of war "Saltash," believing him to be
French, attacked him, killing and wounding some of his men and
obliging him to go to port to refit. Captain Grigg became a mem-
ber of the Marine Society in 1774.
In 1762 merchant in Smith Street. Alderman of the Dock Ward,
d. Sept. 7, 1763.
JOHN LOCK, M.D.
Surgeon 46th Regiment Apr. 20, 1759.
CAPTAIN ALEXANDER McBEAN.
Originally an officer in the Black Watch during the '45, and on
the outbreak of the French war, on the retired list ; appointed Lieut.
22 ROSTER. [l757
62nd Regiment Jan. 3, 1756; Capt. -Lieut. 60th Regiment July 23,
1758; Captain July 13, 1761. His name does not appear on the
Army List for 1763. While the Captain was fighting his country's
cause in America, he was also defending the interest of his nephew
Donald, the young chief of the clan, by endeavoring to retain the
ancient seat of Kinchyle in the family, but without success. Donald
lost his estate and was the last of the house of Kinchyle.
Portrait painter, whose studio was, in 1758, in Broad Street in
the house of Mr. Samuel Deall.
(His name appears on the Roll as McElworth.)
CAPTAIN GEORGE McINTOSH.
Ensign 62nd Regiment Dec. 27, 1755 ; Lieut. 60th Regiment
Dec. 3, 1756; wounded at Ticonderoga. Subsequently became Cap-
tain and retired from the army April 27, 1778.
LIEUTENANT FRANCIS MACKAY.
Ensign 62nd Regiment Dec. 31, 1755; Lieut. 60th Regiment
Dec. 7, 1756.
"A prominent business man of New York in the lumber and
timber trade." — History of Queens Co.
1757] st. Andrew's society. 23
CAPTAIN ALEXANDER McLEAN.
Kept a general store in Albany, New York, "living between the
English and Dutch Churches in the Main Street." Traded between
New York and Ireland in the snow "Charming Nancy." Member
of the Marine Society in 1781.
LIEUTENANT KENNETH MATTHESON.
Ensign 47th Regiment Mar. 18, 1758; Lieut. Apr. 17, 1759.
His advertisement is curious, as it gives one an idea of the kind
of business engaged in in those days. "Just imported in the ship
'Tartar,' from Liverpool, a fresh Assortment of Goods, and to be
sold by David Milligan, at his Store at the widow Smith's, in Maiden
Lane, for Cash or short Credit, viz.. Silver Watches, Birmingham
Sheffield Hard-ware, blue and white Delph-ware, several sorts of
gilt, plain and carv'd Staffordshire flint-ware; shoes for gentlemen,
ladies, boys, girls, and children ; strong shoes for Negroes, fine
bottled beer, silk, cotton, thread, worsted and yarn stockings; black,
buff, crimson and scarlet patterns for waistcoats or breeches ; fine
gold lac'd hats, men and boys plain ditto, of several sorts, cotton
hollands and checks, linnen checks, coarse and fine ; Jeans, pellows,
thicksetts, barrogons, dimities, diapers, tablecloths, double ticks,
ginghams, cotton gowns, bunts, Scotch check and printed hanker-
chiefs, &c. &c." In 1761 advertises, "At the Lancashire Witch in
the Square," his goods and household furniture for sale, "as he
intends to leave the province." In 1761 enters into partnership with
Donald Morison in the Ship Chandlery business, Morison "going to
the country." Firm to be Morison and Milligan. In 1762 partner-
ship advertised as "late," Milligan in charge.
24 ROSTER. [ 1757
b. in Scotland; of the Munros of Fyrish. In 1760 he was engaged
in business in Albany, his house "facing the English Church," where
he carried a miscellaneous line of goods. For several years he was
very troublesome to the New Hampshire settlers in the disputed
territory over the boundary question. He resided in 1770 at Shaftes-
bury within a few rods of the New York line ; was a Justice of the
Peace. After the year 1772 the threats of the Green Mountain boys
appear to have kept him quiet, but on the approach of Burgoyne in
1777 he joined the British and his personal property in Vermont
was confiscated. In Pearson's ''First Settlers of Schenectady" ap-
pears the following "On the 16th of October, 1780, a party of 400
Regulars and Indians from Canada, under Major Munro, a tory
from Schenectady, made their appearance in the Ballston settlement.
They designed to attack Schenectady, but returned without effecting
their object. They pillaged several houses and took 24 prisoners."
In 1777 he was captured near Ticonderoga and condemned to death,
but this sentence was not carried out as in 1786 he was in England
pressing his claims on the Government for his services and losses
as a Loyalist. He and his family returned to Canada penniless and
friendless. Mrs. Grant of Laggan says of him "he was a particular
friend of her father (Lieut. McVicar) and was a worthy upright
SIR JAMES NAPIER.
Director and Inspector-General of His Majesty's Hospitals in
North America. House "In the Broad-Way, near the Bowling-
Green, " in 1764. Left for England April 20, 1764. Returned during
the Revolution and was knighted.
(This appears in the History as John Napier, but in the first publication in 1823
it is plainly James.)
LIEUTENANT WILLIAM RAMSAY.
Ensign 60th Regiment Dec. 7, 1756; Lieut. July 26, 1758.
1757] ST- ANDREW'S SOCIETY. 25
GOVERNOR JAMES ROBERTSON.
b. Fifeshire, circa 1720. He was in his youth a private and then
a sergeant in the British army, and in 1740 at Cartagena, New
Granada, gained an ensigncy. He came to the Colony in 1756, being
appointed Major of the 1st Battalion of the 60th or Royal Americans
Dec. 1755 ; in May, 1758, was appointed by General Abercromby
Deputy Quarter-Master General of the army in North America.
He accompanied the expedition against Louisburg in 1758 and was
promoted to be Lieut. -Colonel in the army July 8, 1758. In 1759 he
accompanied Lord Amherst up Lakes George and Champlain in
charge of the Quarter-Master's Department, and on Oct. 29, 1759,
was appointed Lieutenant-Colonel of the 55th Regiment. In Feb.,
1760, he exchanged into the 15th Regiment, which formed part of
the expedition to Martinique in 1762, and in 1767 he returned to
England. In the following year he exchanged into the 16th Regi-
ment, which had remained in America. In 1772 he became Colonel
in the army. In July 1775 he was stationed at Boston, was ap-
pointed Major-General in America Jan. 1, 1776, and Colonel com-
manding the 60th Jan. 11 following. He accompanied the army
under Howe to Staten Island, commanded the 6th Brigade in the
engagement of the first of August, and afterwards in the Battle of
Long Island, coming shortly thereafter to New York City. For
many years barrack master in New York, in which post he acquired
a fortune. He returned to England in Feb., 1777, and on Aug. 29 of
that year became Major-General in the army. On May 14, 1778, he
was appointed Colonel of the 16th Regiment, and on May 4, 1779,
received a commission as Governor of New York, and was accord-
ingly sworn in Mar. 23, 1780. While Governor of New York his
official title was as follows: — "His Excellency James Robertson,
Esq., Captain-General and Governor in Chief of the Province of
New York and Territories thereupon depending in America, Vice-
Admiral of the same and Major-General of His Majesty's forces."
He became Lieutenant-General Nov. 20, 1782, embarked for Eng-
land Apr. 15, 1783, and died there Mar. 4, 1788.
Evidently a lawyer. Found him as witness to several wills.
26 ROSTER. [1757
LIEUT.-COLONEL SIR JOHN ST. CLAIR.
Quarter-Master General with Braddock and was wounded. He
was again with Forbes, in his expedition to Fort Duquesne, who
says of him "He is a very odd man, and I am sorry it has been my
fate to have any concern with him." Parkman says "He was ex-
tremely inefficient and Forbes, out of all patience with him, wrote
to Fouquet 'that 'his only talent was for throwing everything into
confusion.' He found fault with everybody else, and would dis-
charge volleys of oaths at all who met his disapproval. From this
cause or some other, Lieutenant-Colonel Stephen of the Virginians
told him that he would break his sword rather than be longer under
his orders. 'As I had not sufficient strength," says St. Clair 'to
take him by the neck from among his own men, I was obliged to let
him have his own way that I might not be the occasion of blood-
shed." " In 1756 he was stationed in New York under Shirley.
Lieutenant-Colonel of the 62nd Regiment Jan. 6, 1756; Colonel
Feb. 19, 1762; Lieutenant-Colonel Mar. 28, 1766. He died and was
buried at Elizabethtown, N. J., Nov. 1767.
(This appears on our rol! as Sinclair.)
CAPTAIN GEORGE TURNBULL.
Commissioned Lieutenant in the 4th Battalion Royal Americans
Feb. 5, 1756, and Captain Nov. 15, 1765. He died or retired in 1775
without attaining any higher rank. He was' wounded at Ticonderoga.
"Of the Province of Maryland, merchant." While in New York
in 1759, "being at present detained ... by business," he drew a
codicil to his will and had it witnessed by Major Clephane and Dr.
Adam Thomson. In 1764 this codicil was proved, showing that he
was then dead. He spelled his name Wordrop.
1757] st. Andrew's society. 27
Have not been able to trace this man until 1778, when he was
Commissary General of Stores and Provisions in New York, but
believe that he acted in some official capacity under the Governor.
While filling the above office under Robertson he amassed a fortune,
d. Nov. 12, 1781, aged 47 years.
WILLIAM YOUNGE, M.D.
Surgeon of the 43rd Regiment Aug. 20, 1751 ; to hospital duty
Dec. 18, 1762.
(His name appears on the Roll as Dr. Young.)
GENERAL SIR JAMES ABERCROMBY.
Sir James Abercromby was born at Glassbaugh 1706. Of a
wealthy family; bought a Colonel's commission in 1746, without
previous military experience; in 1756 was made Major-General
and sent to America to take part in the French and Indian War,
where his career of incapacity did not prevent his being made
Commander-in-Chief in 1758 after Lord Loudoun's departure; on
July 8, 1758, he attacked Fort Ticonderoga with fifteen thousand
men, was repulsed with severe loss and retreated to his entrenched
camp south of Lake George. He was superseded in September by
Sir Jeffery Amherst, but was made Lieutenant-General ; became a
Member of Parliament, and was a foremost champion of George
Third's policy towards the Colonies. In 1772 he was made General.
He died April 28, 1781.
28 ROSTER. [I75 8
One of this name was a Loyalist during the Revolution and
settled in St. John, and may have been the Ensign of the 60th
Regiment appointed Dec. 25, 1765. In 1776 one of this name was
Commissary with Cornwallis at White Plains, N. Y.
In an advertisement in the Post Boy of April 3, 1758, he says of
himself that he was of "Glasgow from London." In this same year
he was entered on the Roll of Freemen. He describes his place of
business as "his Store up one pair of stairs, enters in at the sign of
the Royal Bed, in Dock Street, opposite the burnt house, near
Countjies market." Here is a list of some of the articles he had
for sale, "Venitians, tobine ditto, rich bredaws, figur'd yard wide
pompadours, missinets, figur'd mosaicks, rich tobine irishes, rich
embroidered Intestrings, rich half yard dresden, dresden blashoon,
barley-corn yard-wide figur'd tammys, shalloons of divers colors,"
and after mentioning other goods in great detail he says "and several
other goods too tedious to mention. Also an assortment of Watches."
CAPTAIN JOHN ELPHINSTONE.
Lieutenant of the 47th Regiment July 2, 1755; Captain of 5th
Division of Independent Companies October 28, 1760; Lieutenant
March 23, 1764.
(This appears on our Roll as James, but was a mistake, the only Captain
Elphinstone being John, as above.)
HON. LEWIS MORRIS.
Signer of the Declaration of Independence.
Son of Lewis Morris, Chief Justice of the Vice-Admiralty Court.
(1698-1762.) He was born at Morrisania in 1726; graduated at
1758] st. Andrew's society. 29
Yale, B.A., 1746; at first devoted himself to the care of his extensive
estate, but soon began to take an active part in public affairs. He
opposed strongly the attempt of the authorities to enforce the act
which required that additional supplies be given to the King's troops,
on the grounds that it was tyrannical and unconstitutional. After
the skirmish at Lexington he was chosen a delegate to the Congress
of 1775. When in July of 1776 he signed the Declaration of Inde-
pendence he knew that his estate lay open to spoliation by the
British and for the following six years his family suffered many
privations. Early in 1777 he relinquished his seat in Congress and
afterwards served as State legislator, and as Major-General of the
State militia. After the war he returned to agricultural pursuits
and died at Morrisania Jan. 22, 1798.
CAPTAIN JAMES STEWART.
Captain James Stewart of Urrard in Perthshire was appointed
to the second battalion of the 42nd Royal Highlanders and was
wounded at Ticonderoga. He sold out after the peace.
(His name appears on our Roll as James Stuart.)
DR. JOHN ADAIR.
A Surgeon of the staff with Abercromby at Albany in 1756. As
Abercromby was in New York in 1759 Adair probably accompanied
LIEUTENANT JAMES BAILLIE.
Lieutenant Baillie of the 35th or Otway's Regiment.
30 ROSTER. [ T 759
MAJOR JAMES CLEPHANE.
Second in command of the 78th, Fraser's Highlanders. He had
been an officer in a Scottish regiment in the Dutch service, was
taken prisoner at Sluys in 1747 and carried off to Dijon in Bur-
gundy. He was shortly exchanged and put in command of Stewart's
Regiment at the garrison of Tournay. Tired of Holland he got
transferred and, probably through the influence of his brother-in
law, Rose of Kilravock, received a commission in the 78th on con-
dition of his raising a company. The business of recruiting went
on merrily in the earlier months of 1757. The Major wrote to his
brother, "one day at Inverness, next day return to Kilravock, and
a third day at Nairn, and so on alternately, and often reviewing my
recruits, and Kilravock and I engaging good men and dismissing
worse." The Major's success is shown by the following minute of
the Nairn Town Council. — 20th April, 1757.— "Whilst the Council
had under consideration the condition of the streets a letter was laid
before them from James Clephanc, Esq., First Major to the Second
Battalion of Fraser's Highlanders, directed to Mr. Alexander Ore of
Knockoudie, Treasurer of the Burgh, wherein was enclosed Five
Guineas gifted by that worthy gentleman, brother to Mrs. Elizabeth
Clephane, Lady Kilravock, and freeman Burgess and Guild brother,
as a token of his friendship, for being applied towards repairing the
street. The which letter being read, the Council in testimony of the
high value they sett on his friendship and of their due esteem and
sincere affection for him do appoint and ordain their clerk to record
said letter in the Council Book and lodge the original among the
Town's papers." Major Clephane was able to send off to Glasgow
a company of one hundred and twenty-four recruits raised, (he
wrote to his brother) "by my worthy friend Kilravock and a few
other friends, without any assistance from Colonel Fraser or his
officers, as good hearty young fellows as are to be seen in many
regiments and all as willing and cheerfully engaged as is possible
for any men to be." He and his men were at the Siege of Louisburg
and saw much fighting. At the conclusion of the war many of the
men remained in Canada while the Major returned to be merry with
his friends in Nairn. He sold out of the army in 1760, and three
years later he was elected a member of the Nairn Town Council. In
1765 he was unanimously elected Provost of Nairn, which office he
1759] ST - Andrew's society. 31
held for several years. He was a type of the rollicking soldier of
the day. The village of Clephantown still preserves his name. —
George Bain's "History of Nairnshire."
Manager 1760-62; 1763-65.
Youngest son of Lieutenant Governor Cadwallader Colden with
whom he lived at his estate of Spring Hill, Flushing. He was a
gentleman of the first character and reputation as to honesty and
veracity. He was originally bred a physician, but never practised.
He was fond of retirement, was much devoted to scientific pursuits,
and maintained a correspondence with the learned of his time both
in Europe and America. In 1765 he addressed the Commissioners
of the Stamp Office at London, on learning that James McEvers,
Distributor of Stamps, had resigned his office, asking for the ap-
pointment. He expressed his sense of the odium and danger which
the appointment involved, but he pleaded that, as his father was
determined to enforce the act, he himself must necessarily assume
the office of distributor, and that it was but fair if he incurred the
risk he should reap the advantages of the emoluments. At his
father's death he inherited the paternal seat at Flushing, Having
adhered to the Crown he signed an address to Governor Tryon,
October, 1776; was attainted in 1779. He was appointed July 15.
1780, Assistant Master of the Rolls and Superintendent of Police
, on Long Island, with equity powers. In 1783 he retired to England
where he died July 10, 1784. His estate had been confiscated. His
wife Ann, a daughter of John Willet of Flushing, returned to this
country with her children, one son, Cadwallader David, and four
daughters. — Thompson's History of Long Island, Vol. II, p. 8/.
In 1758 he was of the firm of Johnston & Gemmel at Kennedy's
house near the new Ferry stairs. In the following year at the same
32 ROSTER. [1759
place but on his own account, and dealt in European and East Indian
Goods. He was drowned August 22, 1763, crossing Wright's Ferry
and was buried at Constable Point, N. J.
(His name appears as "Gammell" on Roll.)
GOVERNOR JAMES GLEN.
James Glen was born at Linlithgow in 1701 ; educated at the
University of Leyden, and on returning home, held several political
offices. In Dec, 1738, he was commissioned Governor of South
Carolina, but holding at that time the post of Seignories in Scotland
did not arrive in the Province till Dec. 19, 1743. He was a man of
considerable knowledge and ability, courteous and polite, and ex-
ceedingly fond of military parade and ostentation. He entertained
friendly relations with the Cherokee Indians, and in the fall of 1753
visited their country and concluded a treaty by which an immense
extent of their territory was ceded to the King. During his adminis-
tration the principles of constitutional government were advanced
by drawing the line more sharply between its legislative, executive
and judicial branches, and by formally separating and defining the
respective functions and limitations of each. Governor Glen ad-
ministered the Colony till June, 1756, when he was superseded. In
1761 he published in London "A Description of South Carolina." — ■
Nat. Cy. of Biog.
Watch Maker from London ; opposite the Merchants Coffee
House. In 1769 he moved to Hanover Square, and was there in
COLONEL JOHN McDONELL, JR.
Of Lochgarry ; Captain in 78th Fraser's Highlanders Jan. 13,
1757; wounded at "the Heights of Abraham"; Major of the 71st
Fraser's; Colonel of the 76th McDonald's Highlanders; d. 1789.
(His name appears on Roll as McDonald.)
1759] ST - Andrew's society. 33
CAPTAIN RONALD McDONELL.
Son of Keppoch. Of the 78th Fraser's Highlanders, Lieutenant
Jan. 14. 1757; Captain Oct. 17, 1759.
(His name appears on Roll as McDonald.)
john Mckenzie, m.d.
Surgeon of the 62nd Regiment Feb. 2, 1756.
(His name appears on Roll as Dr. McKenzie and again in 1769 as John
McKenzie, M.D. There was only one in British Army List.)
CAPTAIN NORMAN McLEOD.
Norman entered the army in January, 1756, as ensign in the
42nd Highlanders and served under Lord Loudoun in Nova Scotia ;
under General Abercromby in the expedition against Ticonderoga
in 1758; accompanied the expedition under Amherst on Lake
Champlain and down the St. Lawrence in 1759-60. Having been
transferred to the 80th or Gage's Light Infantry, he was commis-
sioned Captain-Lieutenant of that corps on Oct. 4, 1760, and served
in it till its reduction in 1763, when he went on half pay, and was,
some time after, appointed Commissary at Niagara. His name is
continued in half-pay list until 1787, when it disappears. — Col. Doc.
VIII, p. 228. In 1775 he was recalled to the colors, again as Lieu-
tenant in the 42nd, and afterwards exchanged into the 71st, in which
he was a Captain in 1779. He was in the expedition against Charles-
ton in 1780 and was wounded in the campaign. In 1781 surrendered
with Cornwallis. — F. B. Richards.
Partner of John Ramsay in the firm of Mercer and Ramsay,
doing business in Pearl Street "at the Sign of the Cross Keys near
the Fly Market," Importers of Dry Goods 1771, "Betwixt the Ferry
34 ROSTER. [1759
stairs and Burling's Slip ; sell best quality of Indigo and inspected
Tobacco." He took the side of the Crown at the Revolution, dis-
solved partnership and returned to Europe where soon after on the
death of an elder brother, says Scoville, "he became Lord Keith."
(This could hardly be so. Admiral Elphinstone became Viscount Keith by
creation. Mercer probably succeeded to the Alvie estate.)
LIEUTENANT DAVID MILNE.
David Mill or Milne received a commission as Lieutenant in the
42nd July 19, 1757; wounded at Ticonderoga ; again wounded at
Martinique in 1762 and retired from the army at the peace in 1763.
(This appears on our Roll as Mill and is changed to the above spelling on
the authority of the Duke of Atholl.)
Dealt in European and Indian Goods opposite the Fly-Market.
In 1763 he is found as landlord of the London Coffee House.
(His name appears on our Roll as Aughston.)
Manager i774~75; 1784-85; Secretary 1767-70; 1771-72;
Son of James Ramsay of Perthshire and was born there in 1731.
After receiving a liberal education in the professions of law and
physic, he left his home in Scotland, and in companionship with his
young friend Robert Mercer went up to London, where they entered
a counting-house together. When John became twenty-one, the two
friends emigrated to New York, and forming a co-partnership under
the firm name of Mercer and Ramsay, entered into the business of
importing. At the breaking out of the war, Mercer returned to
Scotland, having taken the Royalist side. On Jan. 21, 1768, in
Hugh Gaine's Mercury appeared the following advertisement "Mr.
r 759] ST - Andrew's society. 35
John Ramsay, Merchant in New York, near the Fly Market." On
Marcli 5, 1771, he became a member of the Chamber of Commerce.
Tl>e course of Mr. Ramsay on the approach of the struggle was a
firm and consistent one. A member of the Dutch Reformed Church,
it was natural that he should ally himself with the party which
favored a larger liberty than the views of either Church or King
promised at that day. Differing in views with his partner, Mr.
Mercer, the firm was dissolved, Mercer returning to Great Britain,
while he continued the business alone. Through his many influential
connections abroad he received many brilliant offers from the British
Government, but he always refused to take part against the land of
his adoption. When the British took possession of the city he re-
moved to New Jersey, where he remained till the close of the war.
On June 1st, 1784, he was re-elected to the Chamber of Commerce.
He had his store in Pearl Street, residence on Greenwich Street and
a farm in Westchester County. He died Dec. 1, 1816. aged 85.
JAMES STORY, M.D.
Surgeon 60th Regiment April 16th, 1762.
CAPTAIN ALLAN CAMERON.
Of the 78th Fraser's Highlanders.
LIEUTENANT JAMES CAMPBELL.
Son of Lachlan Campbell of Islay and "Campbell Hall," N. Y.,
and born at the latter place. Appointed Ensign in the 48th Regi-
ment Aug. 23, 1758; Lieutenant June 15, 1760. Remained loyal.
36 ROSTER. [1760
CAPTAIN JOHN CAMPBELL.
Of Glendaruel ; Ensign 42nd Royal Highlanders Sept. 25, 1745 ;
Lieut. May 16, 1748; Capt.-Lieut. July 2, 1759; Capt. July 20, 1760;
Capt. 27th Inniskilling Regiment Mar. 25, 1762; Major Superin-
tendent of Indian Affairs in Quebec July 2, 1773 ; Lieut.-Col. Aug. 29,
1777 )" Col. Nov. 16, 1790. He had a long and meritorious service
with his regiment, the 42nd Highlanders, in all its campaigns from
the Rebellion in 1745 to the attack on Ticonderoga (where he was
wounded on the 8th of July 1758), and the conquest of Canada,
Martinique and Havana. He subsequently served in the expedition
commanded by General Burgoyne, at the head of a number of
Indians, and was distinguished for his spirited conduct as an officer,
adorned by that elegance and politeness which mark the accom-
plished gentleman, and his virtues in private life endeared him to
his family and companions. His remains were attended to the grave
in a manner suitable to his rank, not only by a very numerous assem-
bly of citizens of all ranks, but by a large body of Indian warriors,
whose very decent behavior evinced the sincerity with which they
partook of the universal regret occasioned by the loss of so very
respectable a member of society. He died at Montreal, aged 64,
on the 23rd of June, 1795. — Communicated by Major Sir Duncan
Campbell of Barcdldinc through the kindness ,of Frederick B.
Richards, Esq., Sec'y., N. Y. State Hist. Assn., Glens Falls, N. Y.
(This officer has heretofore been believed as of the family of Glenlyon and
Scottish histories so designate him. Major Sir Duncan Campbell, however, is
authority for ihe statement that Lieut. John Campbell of Glenlyon exchanged
into the Marines in the year 1755.)
CAPTAIN PETER GORDON.
Captain of one of the Independent Companies ; in 1760 resided
at Princeton, N. J. ; in 1762 a lottery for his benefit was advertised
which was intended to convert into money an improved tract of land
in Middlesex County, N. J.; in 1765, having been in some kind of
business in New York, he made an assignment, Walter Buchanan
acting for the assignees. At the Battle of Brooklyn was Brigade-
Major of the New Jersey militia under "Lord Stirling." His mili-
i"6o] st. Andrew's society. 37
tary record as taken from the Year Book of the New York Society,
Sons of the Revolution, is as follows: — Capt. 1st Regiment Hunter-
don Co., N. J. Militia, Col. Isaac Smith; Capt., Col. Samuel For-
man's Battalion, Heard's Brigade, N. J. Militia, June 14, 1776;
Brigade-Major of same, July 25, 1776; Major and Quartermaster in
Quartermaster-General's Dept., N. J. Militia, Mar. 2, 1778-1779.
In 1761 Robert and James Law advertise sale of European and
India and other Dry Goods at their store in Hanover Square ; in
1762 moved "opposite the Cross Keys, near the Fly-Market," and
their advertisement shows they have added "Delf and Stone Ware
of all kinds, Drinking Glasses and Decanters of all sorts and Fine
(This name appears in the History as John.)
CAPTAIN GILBERT McADAM.
Lieutenant 60th Royal Americans Dec. 26, 1755 ; aide-de-camp to
Lord Loudoun ; married a widow Cunningham.
CAPTAIN DANIEL McKIRDY.
Master of the snow "Barrington" of Glasgow; was in New York
on Saint Andrew's Day 1760 and 1761. Traded between New York,
Greenock and Glasgow.
(His name appears on Roll as Donald McCurdy.)
CAPTAIN WILLIAM MARTIN.
In 1761 he advertises as "from London" and offers for sale at
his store, north side of Hanover Square, European and India Goods ;
in 1 761 he offers to take in payment for his goods "Connecticut
money, naval stores, or Skins."
38 ROSTER. [1760
COLONEL ALEXANDER MURRAY.
Lieutenant-Colonel 55th Regiment Feb. 25, 1760; Lieutenant-
Colonel 48th Regiment Mar. 20, 1761.
In 1763, Wine Merchant "at Mr. Samuel Deall's in Broad St.,
near the Earl of Stirling's. A Choice Cargo of old Vidonia Wines.
N.B. Considerable Allowance to those who take a Quantity of
CAPTAIN NORMAND TOLMIE.
Merchant trader between New York, Antigua and London.
From 1760 to 1764 he sailed successively the sloops "Samuel," "Two
Brothers," and "Yonkers," and the snow "Creighton." His voyages
to Antigua were principally for salt. The "Creighton," however,
was a passenger ship. In 1777 he had a ship chandlery store near
the ship yards and was appointed by Major-General Robertson (a
fellow member), Superintendent of the Watch in the Montgomery
Ward, for the prevention of incendiarism. "On Saint Andrew's
day, 1778, the Highland Volunteer Militia, in their Highland uni-
form, led by Captain Normand Tolmie, paid their Compliments to
his Excellency the Commander-in- Chief, by whom they were re-
ceived with great politeness." His will, leaving all to his wife
Phoebe, was proved April 1, 1788.
COLONEL JOHN YOUNG.
Was Major in the Royal Americans, and on Apr. 26, 1751, was
appointed Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel with the promise of being
Governor of Virginia. The Commandant of Fort William Henry,
Colonel George Monroe, sent Young to make terms with the
Marquis of Montcalm. In the capitulation Montcalm expressly
gave permission to Young to serve as Governor of Virginia, but not
1760] st. Andrew's society. 39
in the army. After the surrender of Fort William Henry he was
shamefully stripped and plundered by the Indians and rescued by
a French grenadier, and it is a curious fact that he afterwards
recognized and recovered some of his property in I759> on the re-
duction of Quebec. In 1758 he commanded the 2nd Battalion of the
60th Regiment at the Siege of Louisburg, and was appointed Lieu-
tenant-Colonel of his regiment, with the rank of Colonel in America,
and in the campaign against Quebec in 1759. commanded the 3rd
Battalion. On the capture of that city, he was, with great propriety,
appointed Judge of the Police, in which office he acquitted himself
with honor, to the general satisfaction of the British traders settled
there and to the French inhabitants. Taken prisoner at Montreal
1760, and mentioned in the correspondence between General Murray
and the Chevalier de Levis. On Mar. 20, 1761, he exchanged into
the 46th foot; on Feb. 16, 1762, he was promoted to be Colonel in
the army, and died in November following. He was, says Knox,
"a man of great merit, an incomparable officer, of sound judgment,
long experience and was universally esteemed."
I 76 I.
MAJOR-GENERAL WILLIAM ALEXANDER.
("Earl of Stirling.")
(See Morrison's History.)
WILLIAM BRUCE, M.D.
Surgeon of the Royal Artillery who subsequently became head
of the Medical Department of the British army at New York; d.
1779, in the West Indies, on the Expedition to St. Lucia under
40 ROSTER. [ J 76l
LIEUT.-GENERAL ALEXANDER CAMPBELL.
Major in the 77th Montgomery's Highlanders Jan. 7, 1757; was
with General Forbes in 1758 on the expedition to Fort Pitt ; with the
expedition to Lake Champlain under Amherst in 1759; Lieutenant-
Colonel 95th Regiment Mar. 22, 1781 ; retired on half pay 1763;
Lieutenant-General 1774; called to the colors in 1780; retired in
1783; Colonel in the army 1790; Major-General Oct. 1794; Lieu-
tenant-General Jan. 1801 ; d. 1804.
HON. DANIEL CAMPBELL.
b. Ireland, Sept. 19, 1730. Settled in Schenectady as early as
1754 as a merchant and acquired great wealth ; was a Judge of
Common Pleas for Albany County in 1771 ; attended a Congress of
the Six Nations with Sir William Johnson the same year and again
in 1774, when he was styled Colonel. He was a Justice of the Peace
in Schenectady. In 1778 practised law in New York. Was one of
the executors of Sir William Johnson. Died Aug. 16, 1802.
LIEUTENANT GEORGE CAMPBELL.
Son of Lachlan Campbell of Islay and "Campbell Hall," N. Y.
Lieutenant in the Goth Royal Americans Dec. 28, 1757. Remained
loyal, unlike his brother Donald.
GENERAL JOHN CAMPBELL, OF STRACHUR.
Appointed Lieutenant in Loudoun's Highlanders June, 1745;
served through the Rebellion 1745; made the campaign in Flanders
in 1747, in which year he was promoted to a Captaincy ; went on half
pay af the peace of 1748. He was again called into active service when
he joined the 42nd; wounded at Ticonderoga ; appointed Major of
the 17th foot by General Amherst July 11, 1759; promoted to be
1 761] st. Andrew's society. 41
Lieutenant-Colonel in the army Feb., 1762; commanded his regi-
ment in the expedition against Martinique and Havana; Lieutenant-
Colonel of the 57th foot May 1, 1773, and returned to America at
the breaking out of the Revolution ; was appointed Major-General
Feb. 19, 1779; Colonel of his regiment Nov. 2, 1780; commanded
the British forces in West Florida, where he surrendered Pensacola
to the Spaniards May 10, 1781 ; became Lieutenant-General 1787;
General Jan. 26, 1797, and died August 28, 1806. — Stewart's
CAPTAIN JAMES CHAMBERS.
In 1757 Master of the snow "Robert and Ann" from Bristol; in
1758 trading to South Carolina; 1761, sloop "Keppel" for Monte
Christo; 1762, ship "Manchester," eight carriage guns and twenty
men, for London, part of his cargo being skins and furs; 1766, ship
"Edward" for Hamburg; 1771, cast away on Trinidad; 1772, mem-
ber of the Marine Society and master of a new ship "London" ;
1773, had refused to carry tea aboard his ship and received the
thanks of the people; 1774, had eighteen boxes of tea and at first
denied having them. The owners, the Captain and a Committee met at
Fraunces' tavern, while the Mohawks "were prepared to do their
duty." The people, however, were impatient and about 8 p.m. went
aboard the ship, took out the cases of tea, broke them open and threw
the tea into the river, dispersing in good order, but in anger with the
captain. The cargo was consigned to Walter and Thomas Buchanan.
On his next trip to London the English pilot ran his ship ashore
three times and then hanged himself in the cabin. While in London
Chambers entered a claim against the government for the value of
the tea thrown overboard in New York. In October, 1778, he was
master of a small privateer belonging to the Island of Jamaica cap-
turing, off Charleston, several valuable American prizes ; a large
brig was fitted out to take him, but he escaped.
CAPTAIN ALEXANDER CHRISTIE.
42 ROSTER. [ ! 76l
In 1759, Welsh and Currie, Dry Goods, in Wall Street; in 1761
doing business alone at the same place; in 1784 Trustee of the First
Presbyterian Church, and in the same year Archibald and David
Currie attached their names to the petition to the Legislature, Apr.
13, asking a new charter for the Chamber of Commerce; in 1785 the
firm contributed iio towards the Saint Andrew's Hall Fund.
In 1758 a theatre was built on Cruger's Wharf, between Coenties
and Old Slips, on the Front Street line. It is simply styled in dra-
matic records "a building suitable for the purpose." The proprietor
and manager was David Douglass, whom Wemyss calls ''a gentleman
by birth and fortune, who by his marriage with Lewis Hallam's
widow, was placed on the theatrical throne of the Western Hemis-
phere." Douglass attempted to open the Cruger's Wharf Theatre,
but "received an absolute and positive denial from the authorities,"
when he made an appeal to the public in the columns of Gaine's
Mercury. He stated how he had "begged in the humblest manner"
of the magistrates "to indulge him in acting as many plays as would
barely defray expenses" but was "peremptorily refused." Douglass
next explained in a card in the same journal on Dec. 8, 1758, how he
had conceived the happy thought of starting a "Histrionic Academy,
in which plays would be performed, or rather recitations given, — in
costume, perchance, — authorities or no authorities to the contrary
notwithstanding." The magistrates thereupon relented, and. on
Dec. 28. 1758, the new theatre was opened with Rowe's "Jane
Shore." The Chapel Street Theatre was the next building erected
as a theatre. It was built of wood at a cost of $1625. The scenery
and wardrobe were worth a thousand dollars. Here for the first
time visitors were allowed behind the scenes, and it is also famous
as the scene of the first "egging" known to the American stage.
The following advertisement explains itself. "Theatre in New York,
1761] st. andkew's society. 43
May 3, 1762. — A Pistole reward will be given to whoever can dis-
cover the person who was so very rude as to throw Eggs from the
Gallery upon the stage last Monday, by which the Cloaths of some
Ladies and Gentlemen were spoiled, and the performance in some
measure interrupted. D. Douglass." Douglass's next move was to
Burns's New Assembly Room in 1767, where he gave his famous
"Lecture on Heads." The John Street Theatre was the next place
with which Douglass was identified, but it had to be closed during
the Revolution. Douglass afterwards) became Chief Justice of
Jamaica, where he died.
CAPTAIN ROBERT FORREST.
In 1761 Master of the Sloop "Hazard" for St. Christopher; in
1763 Master of the "Lawrence," Letter of Marque to cruise off
Hispaniola; member Marine Society Oct. 13, 1800.
Senior member of the firm of Robert and James Law, who adver-
tise sale of European and India Goods and other Dry Goods at their
Store in Hanover Square.
Manager 1765-66; Vice-President 1766-70; 1771-72; 1774-75;
(See Morrison's History.)
Cordwainer. On Roll of Freemen, Oct. 1, 1765.
44 ROSTER. [ J 76i
CAPTAIN THOMAS WILLIAM MOORE.
Manager 1773-74; Secretary 1764-65; Treasurer 1765-67.
He was the seventh child of Judge William Moore of Moore
Hall, Pa., b. June 17, 1735. (Judge William was a son of John who
died Collector of the Port of Philadelphia, 1732, and who was the
first to come from England, establishing himself at Charleston.)
The first record of the presence of Thomas W. Moore in New York
is to be found in the record of his marriage with Anne Ascough
July 6, 1 761, he being twenty-seven years of age at the time. This
lady was the widow of Dr. Richard Ascough, a surgeon in the
British army, and resident in New York in the middle of the 18th
century. In Gaine's Mercury of Aug. 23, 1762, Moore advertises
"Sugar by Thomas William Moore at his store in King's Street, next
door to Jamesi Duane, Esq." In 1768 he was admitted to membership
in the Chamber of Commerce, and in 1769 he was made a freeman of
the city under the appellation of Gentleman. He was of the firm of
Moore and Lynsen, afterwards Moore, Lynsen & Co., Auctioneers,
Daniel McCormick having been admitted to the firm. Mr. Moore
never seems to have hesitated in his allegiance to the Crown. When
the British army arrived from Halifax in 1776 he immediately
entered the service. He enlisted as Captain in General Oliver de
Lancey's Loyal Brigade. In 1778 Captain Moore sailed with the
Expedition against Savannah and was present at the taking of that
place in December. After the capture. Colonel Campbell appointed
Moore as Barrack Master. He became Provincial Aide-de-Camp
to General Prevost and took part in the defence of the city in 1779-
On the evacuation of Savannah Moore returned to New York. In
1783 he withdrew to Nova Scotia and was afterwards appointed
Consul to Rhode Island and Connecticut, had a disagreement with
the Governor of Rhode Island and his exequatur was withdrawn by
Washington. He died in England.
Fourth in descent from David Provoost, the first settler; father
of the future Bishop; in 1737 his name appears on the Roll of Free-
men; in 1748 his place of business was in a house "near the new
Dutch Church"; in 1751 store near the Fly-Market where he sold
1761] st. Andrew's society. 45
European and Indian Goods ; in 1757 he imported cannon, muskets,
ammunition, &c, for privateering. He became wealthy and was for
many years one of the Governors of King's College. He died Sept.
He seems to have come to New York in 1759, for in his adver-
tisement in the Mercury he says: "Just arrived from Europe," and
again "Lately from Europe." His name does not appear before
that date. His store was opposite the Fly-Market where he sold
European goods, meaning pretty much everything. Judging from
his advertisements his coming was in the nature of a venture as he
says "his time here is to be short," but he settled down and remained.
CAPTAIN NEIL SHAW.
In 1761 Master of the Sloop "Tryal" ; in 1763 Master of the
Schooner "Pitt" for Antigua, while his store was on Great Dock,
two doors from Royal Exchange, where he carried on a ship-
chandlery business; in 1764 takes "Old Rope walk in the Fields or
Vineyard No. 4," his ship-chandler's store being run by his partner
James McConnell on his own account; on Nov. 12, 1764, David
Shaw advertises Rope Walk for sale with all the Tools and utensils,
and nothing more is heard of Neil. He probably was a son or
brother of David. Died intestate, William Malcom appointed Ad-
ministrator Sept. 6, 1785.
CAPTAIN JOHN JOSEPH SIMPSON.
First Lieutenant 94th Regiment March 7, 1760.
CAPTAIN JOHN WILSON.
In 1758 Store on Canon's Wharf where he sold Irish linens, glass,
muskets, pumps, boots and butter. Member of the Marine Society
46 ROSTER. [1762
CAPTAIN WILLIAM ALEXANDER.
Master of trading vessel between New York, Dublin and Glasgow ;
in 1760 Master of the Snow "Antelope."
(Mr. Morrison has omitted this name altogether, assuming that it was meant
for "Lord Stirling.")
MAJOR-GENERAL ALLAN CAMPBELL.
Son of Barcaldine; joined the 42nd as Ensign in 1745; captured
at Prestonpans ; came to America in 1756 as Captain in the 42nd
and in 1759 was appointed Major for the campaign under Amherst;
he was employed at the head of the Grenadiers and Rangers, clear-
ing the way for the army to the lakes; became Major in the army
Aug. 15, 1762; went on half pay in 1763, having obtained a grant
of five thousand acres at Crown Point ; in 1770 he was Major of
the 36th Foot in Jamaica; became Lieutenant-Colonel May, 1772;
Colonel Nov. 17, 1780; Major-General 1780; d. 1795.
Merchant in Albany ; in 1760 advertising European Goods and
making a specialty of Tartan plaids, Scots Bonnets, Highland garter-
ing, Highland Shoes, &c, "Near the North Gate."
MAJOR MUNGO CAMPBELL.
Captain in the 77th Montgomery's Highlanders Sept. 15, 1758;
Captain 55th Regiment Sept. 17, 1760; Major Aug. 31, 1770; at
one time in command of Fort Brewerton at the outlet of Oneida
Lake, where Mrs. Grant of Laggan, then Miss Mc Vicar, met him,
1762] st. Andrew's society. 47
and who says of him "whose warm and generous heart, whose en-
lightened and comprehensive mind, whose social qualities and public
virtues I should delight to commemorate did my limits permit."
Gen. James Grant Wilson states that he was killed leading the
attack on Fort St. Anne at the Battle of White Plains in 1777.
CAPTAIN THOMAS COCHRANE.
In the service of George and John Buchanan of Glasgow, repre-
sented in New York by Walter and Thomas Buchanan. In 1755
master of the snow "Friendship" for Londonderry; in 1761 in the
brig "Polly"; in 1764 in the "Peggy" from Glasgow; in 1766 in the
snow "Buchanan"; in 1773 in the brig "Matty"; in 1774 in the ship
"Lilly" ; in 1777 the same ship is armed with twelve 6 pounders.
CADWALLADER COLDEN, JR.
( 1 722-1797)
Third son of Lieutenant-Governor Cadwallader Colden. In
June, 1776, he was arrested in Ulster County for his extreme loyalist
opinions. Sabine tells us that in 1784 on petition of some friendly
Whigs he was permitted to return to the State.
Evidently an attorney. Found as witness to several wills. Ad-
ministrator of the estate of David Gemmel who was drowned, and
who died intestate. Appointed Sept. 9, 1763.
In New York Gazette 1761, David Fleming "from Dublin," ad-
vertises his Soap and Candle Store between the Fly-Market and
48 ROSTER. [ 1 762
Burling's Slip. "Myrtle or Tallow Candles; hard or soft Soap."
1762 — "A few Quarter Casks Madeira Wine. Some Prussian Blue,
Paper by the Ream, Green Tea in Canisters, Jamaica Spirits by Five
Gallons or upwards, St. Vincent Tobacco, Choice Claret in bottles,
Brass fittings for furniture &c." d. 1763.
MAJOR ANN GORDON.
Lieutenant in the 42nd Royal Highlanders Aug. 16, 1762; Lieu-
tenant 26th Cameronians Apr. 8, 1767; Captain Sept. 7, 1768;
Major Jan. 18, 1777. In 1771 Captain Gordon lived on Broadway
in house almost opposite the Governor's garden.
(His name appears on Roll as Andrew. Ford's List also has Andrew, which
is a mistake.)
CAPTAIN JOHN GRAHAM.
A brother of Thomas of Duchray ; entered the 42nd as Ensign,
was wounded at Ticonderoga and again at Bushy Run in 1763,
shortly after which he went on half pay. He rejoined the Regiment
in 1765 and in 1772 is dropped, having attained the rank of field
Officer. — Stczvart's Sketches.
CAPTAIN MICHAEL GRANT.
In 1754 master of the brig "Elizabeth & Catherine" for Dover; in
1756 succeeded Captain Thomas Miller in command of the brig
"Maria"; in Feb. of 1757 he was captured on his voyage from
London to New York by a French Privateer off Portland, and a
prize crew placed on board. Next day the British sloop of war
"Badger" hove in sight, gave chase, attacked and took the privateer
and sent a lieutenant after the "Maria." The Frenchmen, in their
efforts to escape, ran her on a reef two miles from shore and escaped
in the boats, while Grant and his crew were rescued, the brig going
to pieces. On July 4th of same year he was appointed to command
the snow "Chippingham," a Letter of Marque mounting ten guns,
1762] st. Andrew's society. 49
and Thomas Miller was the agent. In 1759 he is found doing business
in the next house to Malcolm Campbell (our Treasurer), his line
being Dry Goods. In 1763 I find him again at sea as master of the
schooner "Friendship" trading to Havana. In 1773 he is Naval
Officer at West Florida, a government position, and in 1781 is of
Kings County "Gentleman."
LIEUTENANT WILLIAM HAGGART.
Ensign in the 77th, Montgomery's Highlanders, Jan. 6, 1757;
Lieutenant Sept. 16, 1758; Quarter-Master Aug. 16, 1762.
REVEREND THOMAS JACKSON.
New York Gazette May 10, 1762. "For teaching the Latin and
Greek Languages, the Geography and Antiquities requisite for the
Classicks, &c. A School is to be open'd on the 18th of May Instant
in New Street, next door to the Sign of Sir Peter Warren, opposite
to the Presbyterian Church : Which Branches, together with Writ-
ing and Cyphering shall be taught in the best Method for qualifying
young Gentlemen for the College : And all interested may depend
particular Attention shall be had to every Thing that may promote
their Knowledge and Virtue, in the Power of Thomas Jackson."
LIEUTENANT WALTER MITCHELSON.
Lieutenant Fire Workers, Royal Regiment of Artillery June 8,
1757; Second Lieutenant Royal Artillery Aug. 15, 1760; First Lieu-
tenant Royal Artillery May 23, 1764.
GENERAL JOHN REID.
Son of Baron Reid of Straloch and b. Feb. 13, 1721. He was
educated at the University of Edinburgh and entered the army as a
50 ROSTER. [1762
lieutenant June 8, 1745, in London's Highlanders; captain in the
42nd June 3, 1752, and Major in 1758. He served under Wolfe and
Amherst, and was wounded in the expedition against Martinique in
1762, and promoted Lieutenant-Colonel. On his return to New York
that year he joined the Society and married the President's sister,
Susannah Alexander, on Dec. 28. In 1763 he was sent to the relief
of Fort Pitt and defeated its Indian besiegers in the well fought
battle of Bushy Run. In 1770 he went on half pay, became Major-
General in 1781, Lieutenant-General in 1793, General in 1798 and
Colonel of the 88th Regiment and died in London Feb. 6, 1807. He
is best remembered by his countrymen as the composer of the music
of "The Garb of Old Gaul." He founded the Chair of Music at
(His name appears on Roll as Colin Reed, the manner in which the word
Colonel was written leading to the mistake.)
COLONEL BEVERLY ROBINSON.
Born in Virginia in 1723, where his father John was President of
the Council and Speaker of the House of Burgesses. Colonel Robin-
son married Susannah Phillipse. In 1756 he was in the Dry Goods
business in Wall Street and in 1757 of the firm of De Lancey,
Robinson & Co., Duke Street, European and Indian Goods, also
sugar, indigo, rice, and New York, Jamaica and West India Rum.
In 1759 he was a Major under Wolfe at Quebec. At the Revolution
he took the Royalist side and raised the Loyal American Regiment
and became its colonel. He was concerned in Arnold's treason, his
country mansion being used by Arnold. He was one of those who
pleaded for Andre's life. After the war he went to New Brunswick
and became a member of the first council of that Colony. He died
at Thornbury, near Bath, in England in 1792.
LIEUTENANT-COLONEL NICHOLAS SUTHERLAND.
Ensign 62nd Royal Americans Jan. 14, 1756; Lieutenant 77th
Montgomery's Highlanders Jan. 8, 1757; Captain-Lieutenant Sept.
1762] st. Andrew's society. 51
l 5, 1758; Captain Dec. 31, 1761 ; Captain 21st Royal North British
Fusileers Mar. 14, 1765; Major Feb. 21, 1772; Lieutenant-Colonel
47th Regiment 1780, in which year he died.
CAPTAIN CHRISTOPHER VAIL.
Member of the Marine Society May 8, 1792.
(This name appears on Roll as Vans.)
Eldest son of George and Jean Lowden Buchanan and born at
Glasgow 24th December, 1744. His father George was a man of
fortune and liberal education and a leading merchant in Glasgow
during the early part of the 18th century. After finishing his studies
at the University of Glasgow, Thomas determined to visit America
and arrived in New York soon after he had completed his 18th year.
Walter Buchanan, a cousin of his father, was then engaged in busi-
ness in New York and Thomas in a short time became a partner
with Walter. Their store was for many years in Queen Street oppo-
site the upper end of the Fly-Market and their business was princi-
pally confined to importing and selling goods from Glasgow, London,
Liverpool and Bristol. In 1765 they became one of the largest ship-
owners in New York. The firm underwent several changes, Walter
ultimately withdrawing, the business eventually becoming merged
in Thomas Buchanan and Son. During the Revolutionary War
52 ROSTER. [1763
Thomas remained neutral, retaining the esteem of both Americans
and British. To his firm was consigned the cargo of tea in the
"Nancy," Captain Lockyer, which was returned to London by the
indignant citizens of New York in 1774. In 1775 he was one of the
Committee of One Hundred. At the second meeting of the Chamber
of Commerce in 1768 he was elected a member, although only in his
twenty-fourth year, and from 1780 to 1783 was Vice-President, and
in the latter year was elected President, but declined to serve.
Stevens gives the following portrait of him. "His hair was sandy,
his eyes light blue, his complexion florid; he was of middle height
and not very stout in his youth but grew larger with advancing
years ; he then wore his hair powdered and tied in a cue which was
daily arranged with much particularity. His usual dress was a blue
coat with bright buttons, light waistcoat, small clothes and silk stock-
ings. He always wore a white stock and gold buckles. The style of
his dress was that generally adopted by gentlemen of the old school
of his age and position. His country seat was on the East River
near Hurl Gate. He died at his residence in Wall Street, Sept. 10,
1815, leaving behind him an unstained reputation and the example
of an honorable and highly successful merchant and honest man."
He was born in Glasgow and was the first of the family in New
York. In 1762 he advertised in Gaine's Neiv York Mercury, March
15th, a variety of dry goods, "Sagorthees, duroys, Plyden leather
breeches, &c, at his Store on Peck's Slip, next door to the sign of
the Half Moon as imported in the last vessels from London, Liver-
pool and Glasgow." In 1770 he became a member of the Chamber of
Commerce. He remained in New York during the war but took no
part in the politics of the time ; he and his cousin Thomas were
distinguished for their kindness and hospitality to the prisoners of
war. It is to be mentioned to the credit of the Buchanans that they
nowhere appeared as engaged in privateering, an exception to the
almost universal practice of the day.
1763] st. Andrew's society. 53
In his early days he was a merchant in the Island of Jamaica,
West Indies. At the breaking out of the war he withdrew to Perth
Amboy. In July, 1776, he was arrested by Major Duyckinck and
sent to General Livingston at Elizabethtown. He was subsequently
sent to the Provincial Congress which directed him to remain on
parole at Trenton and was later permitted to live at Bordentown.
He became a member of the Chamber of Commerce Apr. 6, 1773,
and an Honorarv member of the Marine Societv.
In 1763 in charge of the Alms House and advertises for a "Pub-
lick Whipper" to whom "good encouragement will be given to any
Person that may incline to offer." Evidently the inmates were not
permitted to be idle for he advertises that he has "Oakum, Candle
Week, Shoe Thread, and Garden Greens" for sale and that he will
give ready money for old junk. One is curious to know why old
junk was wanted in the Alms House. In 1776 he had become an
Auctioneer and Broker "on the Bridge near the Coffee Mouse" and
in 1777 Assistant Commissary of Horse to the Royal Artillery.
Dead in 1784.
COLONEL PETER R. LIVINGSTON.
. Merchant, whose store in 1761 was behind the Post Office, where
he sold Dry Goods, also Rum, Molasses and Sugar. In 1774 he
was a member of the General Assembly. His record as taken from
the Year Book of the New York Society, Sons of the Revolution, is
as follows : — Col. 10th Regiment Albany Co., New York Militia,
Oct. 20, 1775-Sep. 21, 1780; Member New York Provincial Con-
vention Apr. 20, 1775 ; Member New York Provincial Congress,
1775-7; President of same Sep. 26, 1776-Mar. 6, 1777; Member
New York Assembly 1780-1. Died Nov. 15, 1794.
54 ROSTER. [1763
BRIGADIER-GENERAL WILLIAM MALCOM.
Secretary 1765-67; 1772-75; Treasurer 1773-74; Manager 1784-85;
Second Vice-President 1785-87; 1790-91;
First Vice-President 1787-88.
Born at Aberdeen in the year 1750. Importer of Scottish goods,
doing business in 1763 at the corner of Queen Street. At the out-
break of the Revolution was residing in New York City. Being an
ardent partisan of his adopted country, he was a "Son of Liberty,"
and raised, at his own expense, the Second Regiment, known as
Malcom's, in which he served as Major and Colonel. He became
Colonel of the 16th Additional Continental Regiment and retired
in 1779. He became Deputy Adjutant-General of the Northern
Department under General Gates. At the close of the war he com-
manded the militia of New York and Richmond Counties, with the
rank of Brigadier-General. He joined the Chamber of Commerce
in 1784, became Alderman in 1785, and a member of the Legislature
for several years, d. Sept. 1, 1791.
In 1763 Captain Middleton of sloop "Industry" for Maryland.
Unable to say that this was our member.
MAJOR-GENERAL JOHN SMALL.
Born at Strathardle, Perthshire, 1726. Entered the army early
in life and his career throughout was an eventful one. He first saw
service with the Scottish Brigade in Holland. In 1756 he was on
1763] st. Andrew's society. 55
half pay and, on the eve of the departure of the 42nd for America, he
received an ensigncy, and, soon after joining, a lieutenantcy. He
was with his regiment at Ticonderoga in 1758, accompanied Am-
herst the following year in the expedition to Lake Champlain and in
1760 went down from Oswego to Montreal. He served in the West
Indies in 1762 and that year was promoted to a company. The Sec-
ond Battalion of the 42nd then returned to Scotland and was re-
duced, Small going on half pay. In 1765 he was appointed to a
company in the 21st or Royal North British Fusiliers which came
soon after to America. In 1775 he received a commission to raise a
corps of Highlanders in Nova Scotia and was appointed Major
commanding the 2nd Battalion of the 84th Royal Emigrants and was
present at the Battle of Bunker Hill. In Trumbull's painting of that
action Major Small's figure occupies a prominent place. He subse-
quently served with his regiment under Sir Henry Clinton in New
York State. In 1780 he was appointed Lieutenant-Colonel. The
grenadier company was at the Battle of Eutaw Springs. In 1782 he
was quartered in Long Island and in 1783 the regiment was dis-
banded. The men who were Americans, and who enlisted while the
regiment was stationed on Long Island, emigrated to Nova Scotia
where they settled the present town of Douglas. In 1790 Small
became a Colonel in the army and in 1793 was appointed Lieutenant-
Governor of Guernsey. He was promoted to the rank of Major-
General in 1794 and died at Guernsey, March 17, 1796, in the 70th
year of his age. — From MacLcan's "Highlanders in America."
A Wine Merchant of this city.
56 ROSTER. [1764
CAPTAIN JAMES DREW.
Master of the "Manufacturer*' in the Bristol trade.
LIEUTENANT-GOVERNOR ANDREW ELLIOTT.
Born Scotland, 1728; 3rd son of Sir Gilbert Elliott, Bart., Lord
Justice Clerk of Scotland; he was uncle of the first Earl of Minto;
while very young was sent to Philadelphia and served as an
apprentice in a counting house there, and afterward entered into
mercantile life ; through the influence of his brother Gilbert, mem-
ber for Selkirk, and confidant and counselor of Lord Bute, he was
appointed, on the death of Archibald Kennedy, Collector of the Port
of New York, by commission dated Jan. 19. 1764, which office he
held until the evacuation of the city; visited Scotland in 1763; was
appointed in 1780 His Majesty's Lieutenant-Governor and admin-
istered the Royalist government from 17th April to 26th November.
1783 ; m. a Philadelphia lady and her property in that State was
consequently confiscated ; his daughter Elizabeth married in June,
1779, Lord, afterwards Earl Cathcart, then a Major in the 38th
Regiment of foot ; he was one of three persons sent to Washington
to intercede for Andre: his country seat was called "Minto" on the
Bowery Road near Ninth Street: as an evidence of the esteem in
which he was held his property in New York was not confiscated;
the Elliott estate in Greenwich village was sold to Randall in 1790
for £5.000 and is now Sailors Snug Harbor property: he returned
to Scotland in 1783 and died in May. 1797. at Mount Teviot in Rox-
1764] st- Andrew's society. 57
CAPTAIN GEORGE KIDD.
In 1764 Master of the ship "George and John" for London with
passengers and freight.
DONALD McLEAN, M.D.
Manager 1766-72; Treasurer 1774-75.
In Rivington's "Neiv York Loyal Gazette" appears the following
advertisement i "Donald McLean, surgeon of the late 77th Regiment,
has just received a large importation of Genuine Drugs and Medi-
cines, &c. ;" in 1766 had become McLean and Treat, with Drug
Store in Hanover Square: in 1771 partnership is dissolved, McLean
to continue : in 1774 removed to Water Street, five doors west of
the Coffee House; on Dec. 30th, 1776, the following advertisement
appears : "Is now happily delivered from his late captivity and again
returned to this city to his former place of residence in Water
Street." He probably had visited his old companions in arms and
had been captured. Captain McDonald in one of his letters to
McLean jocularly remarks that they proceeded to "Teach you the
Method of Riding upon a Raile & Such other Manly Exercises as
breaking your head, &c." Married June 29, 1780, Henrietta Mc-
Donald of Invernessshire. dau. of Capt. Allan McDonald of the 84th
Regt. Miss McDonald, her. mother and sister, had been virtually
prisoners for three years at Schenectady.
COLONEL THE HON. RICHARD MAITLAND.
(1724- 1 772)
Fourth son of the 6th Earl of Lauderdale, was born in 1724,
obtained a company in the 43rd Regiment Sept., 1754; was Adjutant-
General to the British troops under Wolfe at Quebec, with the rank
of Lieutenant-Colonel : was appointed by General Murray to carry
home the tidings of the victory. He received the rank of Colonel in
1772 and died July 13th, 1772, leaving, by his wife, an American
lady, four sons, the youngest of whom. James, followed his father's
profession, and as Lieutenant-Colonel of the 75th Regiment fell at
the head of the storming party at Bhurtpore in 1805. Col. Maitland
was buried in Trinity Church Yard.
58 * ROSTER. [1764
CAPTAIN JOHN MUNRO.
In 1767 Master of the ship "Queen of Spain," trading to Poole;
member Marine Society Dec. 23, 1795.
Of Philadelphia. Commissary of Naval Prisoners ; keeper of the
Prison Ships. Previous to the Revolution he was a merchant. The
mortality of persons under his care, at New York, was very great,
but it is impossible to state facts which concern him personally with
accuracy. He was attainted of treason in Philadelphia and his
estate forfeited. He died at his house in Kirkcudbright in 1799,
aged 64. — Sabine. Born in the Parish of Kirkcudbright, Scotland,
came to this country in 1760 and became a merchant of Philadelphia.
In 1779 he came to New York and received the appointment of
Commissary-General of Naval Prisoners. From time to time he
acted in a similar capacity with reference to army prisoners and it
was he who participated in the exchange of British soldiers taken
at Saratoga and Yorktown. Mr. Morrison in his sketch of Robert
Lenox, referring to David Sproat, says : "In this connection, it is an
interesting fact that the Continental Congress upon the recommen-
dation of Robert Morris, then Superintendent of Finance, voted
that upwards of £550 currency should be repaid Mr. Sproat for
moneys personally advanced by him for the relief of American naval
CAPTAIN JOHN STEVENSON.
In 1750 master of the sloop "Success" and captured by the
French; in 1756 master of the sloop "Betsy"; commanded several
vessels down to 1768; in 1770 he became a member of the Marine
Society and in 1776 he left the sea and had a store in Water Street
where he sold all kinds of merchandise.
1765] st. Andrew's society. 59
*PETER BLAIR, M.D.
Surgeon in the Royal Artillery. With Braddock in his campaign.
CAPTAIN ROBERT GEORGE BRUCE.
Lieutenant Engineers Aug. 25, 1776; styled in Army List Prac-
titioner Engineer and Ensign ; Engineer Extraordinary as Captain-
Lieutenant Mar. 17, 1759.
ARCHIBALD CAMPBELL, M.D.
I find no reference to this member unless the following advertise-
ment, which appeared in the Mercury of September 28. 1778, refers
to him "A Surgeon is willing to go with an armed ship to Great
Britain or Ireland. A line directed to A. C. left at the printer's, will
be attended to."
CAPTAIN WILLIAM DUNBAR.
Lieutenant 44th Regiment June 6, 1757; Captain July 22, 1758.
* The identification of Dr. Blair comes under the head of the "Romance of
Research." After examining about fifty volumes of newspapers and a very
large number of other authorities, I found Dr. Blair in the following manner.
Seeing an advertisement of John Duncan of Schenectady for a runaway negro
slave, I read the description out of curiosity, and at the end came a list of the
slave's employers and Dr. Blair turned out to be the first.
60 ROSTER. [1765
Secretary to Sir Henry Moore, was appointed by him Register
of the Prerogative Court in 1766.
CAPTAIN ALEXANDER GRANT.
Major in the New York Volunteers; in 1776 at Halifax under
General Howe; killed 1777 in the storming of Forts Montgomery
and Clinton. His widow perished in 1787, of cold and exposure
when wrecked near St. John, N. B., when crossing the bay of
Fundy. — Sabine.
CAPTAIN JOHN HUNTER.
In 1765 master of the ship "Elizabeth" trading to London; in
the snow "Thistle" to Londonderry ; in 1775 in the ship "John" to
Dublin and Glasgow; in 1778 in the ship "Montgomery" for Glas-
gow, Thos. Buchanan & Co., Agents.
REVEREND ARCHIBALD LAIDLIE, D.D.
b. Kelso, Roxburghshire, Scotland, Dec. 4, 1727. He received his
academical education in his native town, and afterwards studied for
the ministry at the University of Edinburgh. He was ordained in
1759, and was immediately installed pastor of the English church
in Flushing, on the island of Walcheren, Netherlands. Here he
labored for four years, when he received a call to the Collegiate
Dutch Reformed Church of New York. He arrived at New York
on Mar. 29, 1764, and on Apr. 15 following preached his first
sermon. He was the first minister of the Dutch Church in America
to preach in English. A man of distinguished talents and able
theologian, he was eminently successful as a preacher, but his minis-
terial labors were interrupted by the Revolutionary War. From
the scenes of agitation and peril that were occurring in the city of
1765] ST. ANDREWS SOCIETY. 6l
New York, he found a refuge at Red Hook, where he remained till
the close of his life. In 1770 he published an English translation of
the Heidelberg Catechism for the use of his church, and the same
year the degree of D.D. was conferred on him by the College of
New Jersey. He died at Red Hook, New York, Nov. 14, 1779. —
The Nat. Cyclo. of Amcr. Biog. Chaplain to 1st Battalion of Inde-
pendent Minute Men.
(His name appears on Roll as Laidlaw.)
CAPTAIN GEORGE McDOUGALL.
Lieutenant 60th Regiment May 30, 1759; Captain Royal High-
land Emigrants June 14, 1775.
HON. WILLIAM PAGAN.
A native of Glasgow, this being peculiarly a Glasgow name.
There are Pagans there still. In 1766 he was master of the sloop
"Britannia" trading to St. Eustatia ; in 1769 admitted Freeman; in
1773 he was doing business as shipping agent; in 1774 he has for
sale a "quantity of Indian Corn and Black Eyed Pease, also a few
Packs of Southern Beaver fit for shipping" ; in 1776 he was one of
the addressors of Lord Howe. In 1777 the firm was Robert Pagan
& Co., in the Pry Goods business in Queen Street. In 1778 he kept
a provision store under his own name. There were three brothers,
all born in Glasgow, and all were Loyalists. William settled in
Falmouth, New Brunswick, and became a member of the House of
Assembly. He died at Fredericton Mar. 12, 1819.
Came to Schenectady from London and associated himself with
John Duncan of Montreal and carried on a most extensive business
with Montreal and the great Lakes. After a time Duncan retired
62 ROSTER. [!76s, 1/66
from the firm with a fortune and settled in Schenectady. Phyn then
took into partnership with him four brothers named Ellice, all of
whom made fortunes. In the Colonial Documents I find the follow-
ing reference to James Phyn. Colonel Guy Johnson in a letter to
the Earl of Dartmouth dated Oct. 6, 1774, speaks of the bearer
"Mr. Phyn, a Mercht of good credit and most fair character is
returning to London," and further says that "this Gentleman's ex-
tensive acquaintance with the back Country, & his strict integrity
enables him to answer any occuring Questions in the compass of his
knowledge in a candid & satisfactory manner." He and Mrs. Phyn
and family left for Europe in November of 1774.
CAPTAIN JOHN REID.
Master of the snow "Enterprise" trading to Newcastle-on-Tyne.
"Living next door to Widow Douglas at the Back of the New
Gaol, nigh the Barracks." Teaches Reading, Writing, Latin, Arith-
metic, Vulgar and Decimal. Opened his school Sept. 19, 1764.
CAPTAIN WILLIAM STEWART.
In 1767 master of the ship "Mary" from Cork. Member Marine
Society Apr. 24, 1770. In 1778 master of the brig "Fanny" for
Ij6/] ST. ANDREWS SOCIETY. 63
Artist. Gilbert Stuart was his pupil, and Alexander, when he
returned to Scotland, took Stuart with him.
ANDREW ANDERSON, M.D.
Honorary member of the Marine Society in 1772.
GENERAL SIR ARCHIBALD CAMPBELL, M.P.
Second son of James Campbell of Inverneil, and born at Inver-
neil Aug. 21, 1739. Entered die army 1757 as Captain in the
78th and served throughout the campaign, and was wounded at
the taking of Quebec. In 1764 the regiment was disbanded and
Campbell was transferred to the 29th and afterwards promoted
major and lieutenant-colonel in the 42nd, with which he served
in India till 1773, when he returned to Scotland and was elected
M. P. for the Stirling burghs in 1774. In 1775 Simon Fraser
raised another regiment, the 71st, and Campbell was selected by him
as Lieutenant-Colonel of the Second Battalion. On his arrival in
America, he was captured in Boston harbor while the city was in
the hands of the Americans, was held a prisoner until exchanged for
Ethan Allen the following year. He was then appointed a Brigadier-
General and given command of the expedition against Georgia. He
was entirely successful, seizing Savannah with the loss of only four
killed and five wounded. The following year he was superseded,
and disagreeing with his successor, returned to England on leave.
He was promoted Colonel and in 1782 Major-General and Governor
of Jamaica. His efforts in defence of the West India Islands against
64 ROSTER. [1767
the French were entirely successful, and the assistance rendered the
forces in America in the way of supplies, information and reinforce-
ments was of immense benefit. For his services he was invested a
Knight of the Bath in 1785 and appointed Governor and Com-
mander-in-Chief at Madras. In 1787 he was appointed Colonel of
the 74th Highlanders. In 1789 he returned in ill health to Scotland
and was at once re-elected M. P. for the Stirling burghs. He died
Mar. 31, 1 791, and was buried in Westminster Abbey, where a
monument was erected to him in the Poets Corner. — Diet. Nat. Biog.
* CAPTAIN ALEXANDER McDONALD.
Representative head of the family of McDonald of Ardnamur-
chan, and although the estate had been sold by his grandfather
Angus, he was still regarded as of Ardnamurchan. On the outbreak
of the French and Indian War he was commissioned Lieutenant in
77th Montgomery's Highlanders and served through the war with
that regiment, distinguishing himself in the expedition to Fort
Duquesne. He was wounded in the attack while with the advance
guard under Major Grant of Ballindalloch. At the end of the war
he settled in the vicinity of New York and went into business as a
wine merchant in this city. In 1766 he advertises his farm of eighty-
two acres at New Rochelle at private sale. In 1767 he is in business
near the Merchants Coffee House, where he sells Dry Goods, Wines
and Hand Organs. In 1769 made an assignment to William Neilson
and in the same year became a member of the Chamber of Com-
merce. In 1770 he had moved to King Street and was again in
business, where, according to Stevens, he bartered Madeira wine for
country produce and gave notice that "the one article is to be re-
ceived when the other is delivered" ; in 177}, hi* house in King Street
is to let. In 1775, Stevens says that "he was charged on the 14th
of June, in the Provincial Congress 'with concerting measures and
employing agents to enlist men, to be employed against the liberties
of America.' A Committee was sent to Staten Island (where he
*Stevens in his Chamber of Commerce Records says that Captain McDonald
was a sea captain, but in this he was mistaken.
1767] st. Andrew's society. 65
also had a farm and which he made his home), to arrest him and
search his house, but they reported that he had gone to Boston and
that they found 'no papers relating to the raising of troops.' " The
report had, however, a basis of truth, for McDonald, with Allan Mc-
Lean, was then in Boston interviewing the British General and
offering to raise men to form two battalions, which they ultimately
did and which became known as the 84th or Royal Highland Emi-
grants, in which McDonald received a Captaincy. In his letters
from Halifax to William McAdam and others he complains of the
brutal treatment accorded his wife and family, and wonders why he
who had served his King and country for over thirty years, should
be condemned to death by his former neighbors for simply doing his
duty. His Letter Book, which contains much interesting informa-
tion, was published by the New York Historical Society.
THOMAS, LORD DRUMMOND.
(See Morrison's History.)
* LIEUTENANT-COLONEL THE HONORABLE
ALEXANDER ' MAITLAND.
In command of the First Battalion 71st Fraser's and the Light
Infantry in the expedition to Savannah, December, 1777. Suc-
ceeded Colonel Campbell as Lieutenant-Colonel of the 71st Fraser's.
One of the first who died, after the cessation of hostilities, was the
Honourable Lieutenant-Colonel Maitland, son of the Earl of Lauder-
* Brother of Colonel the Honorable Richard Maitland who joined the Society
66 ROSTER. [ J 768
dale. Fie was originally in the Marines, but as this service did not
afford a sufficient field for his active and enterprising mind, he was
transferred to the line, and appointed Major to Fraser's Flighlanders.
His arrival at Savannah, at a most critical moment, inspired con-
fidence in his friends, while it struck the enemy with surprise, as
they did not expect he would be able to penetrate by a circuitous
route, after they had secured the fords and passes. Colonel Mait-
land lived in the trenches with the soldiers, and, "by his courage, his
kindness of heart, and affability to his men, secured their affection
and fidelity. His dialect was Scotch : — proceeding from a tongue
which never spoke in disguise, it carried conviction to all. Equally
brave, generous, and unassuming, his memory will be respected while
manly fortitude, unstained honor, and military talents, are held in
estimation." Durng the skirmishing warfare in New Jersey and
Pennsylvania, in the years 1776 and 1777, he was particularly active.
Ever on the alert, and having his Flighlanders always ready, he
attracted the particular notice of Washington. Some communica-
tions having passed between them as old acquaintances, although
then opposed as enemies, Colonel Maitland sent intimation to the
American commander that in future his men would be distinguished
by a red feather in their bonnets, so that he could not mistake them,
nor avoid doing justice to their exploits, in annoying his posts, and
obstructing his convoys and detachments ; adding, that General
Washington was too liberal not to acknowledge merit even in an
enemy. Fraser's Highlanders wore the red feather after Colonel
Maitland's death, and continued to do so till the conclusion of the
war. Such was the origin of the red feather subsequently worn in
the Highland bonnet. In the year 1795, the red feather was assumed
by the Royal Highland Regiment.
MAJOR-GENERAL JOHN SCOT, M.P.
General John Scot was a descendant of Sir John Scot, who published
the earliest topographical work on Scotland and who was knighted
in 1 617. General Scot succeeded to the Barony of Scotstarvit about
1766 and was the last of the Barons, as he was also the last direct
male descendant of the Scots of Buccleugh. He was quite as eccen-
tric as his illustrious progenitor. He chose the army as his pro-
1768] ST - Andrew's society. 67
fession and in 1754 he held a Captaincy in the 62nd Royal American
Regiment under Sir John St. Clair. In 1761 he was Colonel of the
3rd Regiment of Guards, in 1768 Colonel of the 26th Cameronians
and in 1770 Major-General. He organized the British forces in
New York at the time of the Revolution. He sat continuously in
Parliament for over twenty years as member from Fifeshire from
1768 until his death. About 1763 he purchased Balcomie Castle, and
its lofty tower, which still remains, forms a well-known sea mark.
His three daughters married into the peerage and became respec-
tively Duchess, Countess and Viscountess. General Scot died at
Balcomie Castle Dec. 20. 1775, and was buried in the old church
yard of Kilrenny, where a splendid mausoleum was erected by the
Duchess of Portland in memory of her father.
(His name appears on our Roll as Colin Scott, the manner in which the word
Colonel was written leading to the mistake.)
LIEUTENANT-COLONEL JAMES SUTHERLAND,
The grandfather of James was Kenneth, third Lord Duffus, who
was a brave naval officer and attainted in 1715 for his share in the
Rebellion of that year. James was appointed Lieutenant in the 26th
Cameronians and came out in the year 1768. After reaching the
rank of Lieutenant-Colonel he retired from the army, and settled on
his estates in Caithness. The family honors were restored to him
in 1826, and Lord Duffus died the following year at the advanced
age of eighty years.
HONORABLE HUGH WALLACE.
Senior member of the firm of Hugh and Alexander Wallace, in
the Irish linen trade in later days, while in 1759 they carried on a
more general trade, including wines and liquors, spices, dried cod-
fish, shirts, shoes and stockings. &c. They were merchants of
wealth and position and both married sisters, daughters of Cornelius
Low of Raritan, New Jersey. Hugh the elder brother, became
68 ROSTER. [1768
President of the Chamber of Commerce, and member of the Gover-
nor's Council. His mansion was on Dock Street and was the resort
of the great dignitaries of the Province, and his manner of life was
costly and elegant. He remained in New York during the Revolu-
tion and in August, 1776, was apprehended by orders from Wash-
ington because he had declined to take the oath of allegiance to
Congress, and was sent to Connecticut in care of Governor Trum-
bull. Finally, he and his brother Alexander were allowed to go to
Long Island on parole. Three years later they were attainted and
if found on State soil were to be seized and punished with death
"without benefit of clergy." The City was, however, occupied by the
British, and Wallace remained until the evacuation, when he re-
turned to Waterford, Ireland, and died in 1788.
"Charles Aitken, Esq., gentleman of large fortune in the Island of
St. Croix," who frequently visited New York and who, on one of his
visits, married Cornelia Beekman in the year 1771. Honorary Mem-
ber of Marine Society under the name of Charles Aikens.
(Appears on our Roll as Ailkins on account of an uncrossed "t".)
CAPTAIN JOHN BROWN.
Was commissioned a Lieutenant in the 60th Royal Americans
Feb. 9, 1756, and promoted to be Captain Sept. 15, 1760. He went
on half pay in 1763, and returned to the regiment in January, 1764;
became Major of the 3rd Battalion Sept. 22, 1775, and died 1777, —
Col. Doc. Vol. X. p. 1007. On June 11, 1772, married Molly Living-
ston, daughter of Peter Van Brugh Livingston.
1769] st. Andrew's society. 69
CAPTAIN WALTER BUCHANAN.
Ship Captain; cast away on Cape Sable 1764; in 1769 master of
the "Pearl," which arrived in New York Oct. 23 from the Straits of
In the Shoe business in the Fly-Market, where he sold "English
Boot Legs, Sole Leather, and men's and women's shoes." In 1778
he advertises that he will soon quit business.
* MAJOR PATRICK CAMPBELL.
Captain in the 44th Regiment Dec. 10, 1768; Major July 23, 1772.
Sabine says that in the Revolution one of this name was a Loyalist
Captain in the Second Battalion New Jersey Volunteers. Do not
know whether they were one and the same.
CAPTAIN ROBERT ELDER.
In 1761 engaged in the African slave trade; in 1763 advertises
a "Parcel of fine Young healthy Slaves most of which have had the
small Pox"; commanded several vessels up to 1771, beyond which
date his sea service has not been traced ; in 1770 he became a member
of the Marine Society and in 1786 a Resident member of our Society,
he being up to that date an Honorary member ; in 1789 he was in busi-
ness at 2 Duke Street; in 1785 he contributed £5. to Saint Andrew's
Hall and in 1791 promised £5. additional. He was alive in 1794
when his subscription was returned to him. Owned one share in
the Tontine Coffee House.
JOHN McKENZIE, M.D
Surgeon in the 60th Royal American Regiment. This is the same
man noted in the year 1759. The number of his regiment only had
* Did this officer become Major of the 71st?
70 ROSTER. [1769
CAPTAIN ALEXANDER MARQUIS.
In the employment of George and John Buchanan of Glasgow,
and regularly consigned to Walter and Thomas Buchanan, their
agents here; in 1766 master of the snow "Thistle" of Glasgow; in
1771 of the ship "Buchanan"; in 1774 member of the Marine
Society; in 1777 master of the ship "Patty," a Letter of Marque,
sixteen guns and twenty-nine men ; attacked while on his voyage
from Teneriffe to New York by two Privateers, one of fourteen,
the other of sixteen guns and succeeded in beating them off. Wounded
in another engagement in 1780 with an American frigate of 26 guns
hailing from Salem, Mass.
REVEREND JOHN OGILVIE, D.D.
(1722- 1 774)
Son of William Ogilvie, youngest son of Sir Walter Ogilvie,
afterwards Baron Ogilvie of Deskford; b. New York City, 1722;
d. there Nov. 26, 1774. He graduated at Yale in 1748 in the same
class with Bishop Seabury. After receiving orders, was appointed
to the mission to the Mohawk Indians, among whom he labored for
ten years. He was appointed Chaplain to the Royal American Regi-
ment and was present in every campaign during the French and
Indian War. He was with Sir William Johnson in 1759 and the
next year with General Amherst in his expedition against Canada.
In 1764 he was appointed Assistant Minister in Trinity Church,
New York, which post he held during the remaining ten years of his
life. He received the degree of D.D. from King's College in 1770
and soon after from the LTniversity of Aberdeen. Mrs. Grant of
Laggan says he "was highly respected and indeed much loved by
all who were capable of appreciating his merit. His appearance was
singularly prepossessing; his address and manners entirely those
of a gentleman. His abilities were respectable, his doctrine was pure
and scriptural, and his life exemplary, both as a clergyman, and in
his domestic circle, where he was peculiarly amiable ; add to all this
a talent for conversation, extensive reading, and a thorough knowl-
edge of life."
1769] st. Andrew's society. 71
COLONEL CHARLES STEWART.
(1729- 1 800)
b. Ireland in 1729; his grandfather of the same name was a
Scottish officer of dragoons, who for services in the battle of the
Boyne, was given an estate in Ireland. The younger Charles came
to this country in 1750 and became a deputy Surveyor-General of
the province of Pennsylvania. In 1774 he was a member of the con-
vention in New Jersey that issued a declaration of rights, and in
1775 a delegate to its first provincial congress. By his adopted State
he was made Colonel of its first regiment of the line, and in 1777
was appointed by congress Commissary-General of Issues in the
Continental army, serving as such on Washington's Staff until the
close of the War. In 1784-5 he was a representative from New
Jersey in Congress. He died at Flemington, New Jersey, July 24,
WILLIAM STEUART, M.D.
In 1764 Druggist and "Chymist" from London, succeeding James
Murray, whose place of business was opposite the Meal Market. In
1767 he was at the Golden Head, having removed from between
Burling's and Beekman's Slips to House lately occupied by Walter
and Thomas Buchanan in Queen Street, between Hanover Square
and the Fly-Market, where he remained as late as 1774. In 1778 at
corner of Water Street and the Fly-Market. In 1780 sold his busi-
ness and left the country. In 1781 in London, shipping drugs to
New York druggists.
COLONEL WILLIAM ANSTRUTHER.
William Anstruther obtained a commission as Lieutenant in the
26th Foot Jan. 12, 1757 and a company in the same regiment in 1766.
He was taken prisoner by the American forces under Montgomery
at St. Johns, Nov. 3, 1775, and sent with his regiment to Reading,
72 ROSTER. [ x 770
Pennsylvania, where they remained until exchanged. Government
having formed a corps called Donken's Royal Garrison Battalion,
Captain Anstruther was commissioned Major in it on Oct. 26, 1779.
In 1790 he became Captain of one of the companies of Royal Invalids
stationed on the Island of Jersey; Commandant in 1794, and Colonel
in 1795. He died in 1807.
In August, 1770, Dougal Campbell, Esq., of Charleston, S. C,
landed in New York on his way to Canada. A day or two after
his arrival at Lake George he was seen to enter the woods and on his
not returning, search parties were organized, but no trace of him
was ever found. His next of kin was Lieut. George Robertson of
H. M. S. Fowey and Campbell's estate was handed over to him.
JOHN MURRAY, EARL OF DUNMORE.
(See Morrison's History.)
LIEUTENANT-GOVERNOR EDWARD FOY.
Captain Edward Foy received a commission of 1st Lieutenant in
the Royal Artillery on the 2nd of April, 1757, and became Captain-
Lieutenant on Jan. 1, 1759. In the month of July following, he
acted with such bravery at the battle of Minden, as to be specially
distinguished on the day after the battle by the Commander-in-Chief
in his address to the army. He was promoted to a captaincy in Feb.
1764, and accompanied Lord Dunmore. as his private secretary, to
New York in 1770, and went thence with his Lordship to Virginia
in 1772. He was gazetted Lieutenant-Governor of New Hampshire
in July, 1774. During his stay in Virginia, Captain Foy unfortu-
nately shared much of the odium that attached to the Governor, with
whom he retired on board the "Fowey" on June 8, 1775. In the
address of the House of Burgesses on the 19th of June following,
1 7~°] st. Andrew's society. 73
they accuse the Governor of "giving too much credit to some persons
who to the great injury to the community, possessed much too large
a share of his Lordship's confidence," alluding to Captain Foy, "an
Englishman of violent passions and hostile prejudices against us,"
who was considered Governor de facto. The Countess of Dunmore
sailed soon after and arrived in England in August, 1775. Captain
Foy returned home about the same time with despatches for the
Ministry, and at the close of the following year his name is found
countersigned to an official paper issued at Crown Point by Governor
Carleton of Canada, shortly after his defeat of the American Fleet
on Lake Champlain. Captain Foy's name disappears in 1780 from
the Army List. — Col. Doc. Vol. VIII. p. 323. m. July 26, 1772,
Hannah Van Home daughter of John Van Home of Kills Hall, and
in 1773 had a son born to him.
CAPTAIN ARCHIBALD KENNEDY, EARL OF CASSILIS.
Received his commission as Captain in the Royal Navy Apr. 4,
1757; in Dec. 1763 he was in command of the "Blonde" 32 guns.
He is best known as, for many years, the Captain of the "Coventry"
a 28 gun ship. During the Stamp Act excitement Governor Colden
proposed to put the instruments aboard this ship, but Captain
Kennedy declined to receive them and was placed under arrest at
Morristown, New Jersey, by the Colonial Authorities, but was after-
wards placed on parole. In 1777 he was suspected of giving aid to
the enemy, through his wife, a daughter of John Watts. His prop-
erty consisted of several houses situated at the lower end of Broad-
way, the Kennedy house remaining until a few years ago. He
succeeded to the title of Earl of Cassilis in 1792 and died Dec. 29,
ROBERT LIVINGSTON, JR.
Son of Robert the third lord of the manor and born Dec. 26, 1742.
He assumed the name of Cambridge as a middle name to distinguish
himself from the other Roberts. He married a daughter of John
Swift, d. Aug. 23, 1794.
74 ROSTER. [I770
Manager 1774-75," 1784-85; Treasurer 1785-87; Second Vice-
President 1787-88; First Vice-President 1788-92.
On Sept. 4, 1772, William Maxwell and family, passengers in the
ship "Juno," landed in New York, and in same year Maxwell &
Williams advertise that they are "from Bristol, at Robert and John
Murray's Old Store." They further say that at Bristol they "for
many years carried on a large and extensive trade in the snuff and
tobacco manufactories." and that they "have erected in this city a
complete apparatus for carrying on the said business in all its
branches." In 1773 their store is in the Fly-Market and their works
at Bayard's Sugar House in Wall Street. After May of that same
year their store was at the lower end of Wall Street. In 1785 he
contributed £20 to Saint Andrew's Hall; in 1786 became Vice-
President of the Bank of New York and subsequently its President.
In 1786 his address was No. 4 Wall Street. In T794 his estate was
being administered by his son, James Homer Maxwell, who joined
the Society in 1784 and who was a respected officer thereof.
LIEUTENANT PATRICK MONCRIEFF.
On Jan. 8, 1761, Lieutenant in Independent Company; Ensign in
the 16th Regiment Apr. 8, 1767; Ensign in the 26th Regiment Feb.
21, 1769; Lieutenant in the 26th Regiment Mar. 2, 1770.
MAJOR CHARLES PRESTON.
Captain 26th foot May 12, 1759; Major 26th foot Sept. 7, 1768;
in 1770 he had been in garrison at New Brunswick, New Jersey,
with one hundred and sixty men for three years. On the transfer of
the company the inhabitants presented him with an address. During
the time the company had been there, there had only been two
deaths, while there were over fifty children born to them. In 1773
he is found in Montreal and in 1775 Commander of the Post of
St. Johns, New Brunswick. He was besieged by Montgomery, and
after a stubborn defence surrendered, marching out with the honors
1 77°] ST - Andrew's society. 75
CAPTAIN DAVID SCOTT.
Captain of the Royal Artillery. In 1773 he was stationed at St.
CAPTAIN WILLIAM SMIBERT.
Ensign of the 26th Regiment Jan. 12, 1770; Lieutenant of the
26th Regiment Feb. 22, 1776.
The only one of this name whom I have found was a "Captain
Andrew Syme," a noted privateer, master of the Letter of Marque
brig "Loyal Subject," carrying 4 carriage guns, 6 swivels and 15
men, belonging to the Buchanans of Glasgow. He inflicted great
damage to American shipping.
CAPTAIN ROBERT WADDELL.
Lieutenant Robert Weddall, 26th Cameronians, Feb. 7, 1759;
Captain-Lieutenant Robert Weddall, 26th Cameronians, Oct. 31,
1770; Lieutenant Robert Waddle, 57th Regiment, Oct. 9, 1775.
These different spellings refer to one and the same man.
DR. WILLIAM CATHERWOOD.
Surgeon of the 40th Regiment Feb. 7, 1757-
(This name appears on our first printed Roll as Dr. Calderwood
and in the History as M. D. Calderwood.)
j6 ROSTER. [ l 77^
In the provision business near Pecks Slip. Sabine says in 1775 he
was the owner of the sloop "Francis," which was permitted to sail
with her cargo for the Carolinas by the Committee of Safety. He
remained in New York and after the war did business at 78 Cherry
Street. In 1779 he became a member of the Chamber of Commerce.
In 1778 at corner of Dover and Cherry Streets.
In 1774 in the Dry Goods business "At the corner of the Fly-
Market. Intends to go to North Britain in the Fall. Wants to sell
his goods cheap for cash and also his land in the Scotch Patent,
Charlotte County." This looks as if he did not stay long in the
country, and up to 1780 I have found no further reference to him.
* ARCHIBALD McLEAN, M.D.
Born in the Island of Mull. Went to Jamaica, W. I., where he
practised medicine and after a time came to New York. On Jan. 9,
1772, he made his will, and after providing for his relatives in Scot-
land, he leaves to Dr. Donald McLean (a fellow member), his "riding
chairs and his silver Surgeon's Pocket Instruments and £20 for
mourning," and to William McAdam (also a member), £20 for
mourning. His will was proved April 29, 1772.
JOHN WITHERSPOON, D.D.
Signer of the Declaration of Independence.
b. Gifford, Haddington, Feb. 5, 1722; son of James, minister of
the Parish of Yester; graduated Edinburgh 1742 and in 1745 or-
* In Morrison's History he is given as Manager 1794-95. The Manager of
that date was Archibald McLean of McLean's Independent Journal, who joined
the Society in 1785.
I77 1 ] ST - Andrew's society. yy
dained minister of the Parish of Beith. While looking at the Battle
of Falkirk he was taken prisoner and confined for two weeks ; in-
stalled Pastor of Paisley in 1757; degree of D.D. Aberdeen 1764;
declined the Presidency of Princeton in 1766. but accepted a second
invitation and was inaugurated Aug. 17, 1768. He was a leader of
the Presbyterians of the country in embracing the American side in
the difficulties with the British Crown. He was elected to the con-
vention that framed the New Jersey Constitution and he surprised
his fellow members by his knowledge of law ; in June of 1776 he was
elected to the Continental Congress. He did much to influence the
members in passing the Declaration of Independence. During the
course of the War he occupied several important positions and
served until its close. In 1783 he visited England, intending to
appeal for help towards Princeton, but found it politic to refrain
from doing so. He returned to Princeton, did not resume the work
of teaching, but occupied himself with the administrative affairs of
the college till the close of his life. For two years before his death
he was blind. His writings were many, mostly of a religious charac-
ter. He died near Princeton, New Jersey, Sept. 15, 1794.
(His name appears in Morrison's History as Wotherspoon, M.D.)
RICHARD NICHOLLS COLDEN.
(1 746-1 777)
Richard Nicholls Colden was son of Alexander Colden, Post-
master of New York. Graduated from King's College in 1766. He
received a commission of Ensign in the 42nd Royal Highlanders,
Aug. 27, 1766, when that regiment was stationed in Pennsylvania.
Whilst quartered in the Isle of Man, he married a Scottish lady, a
Miss Bethune, by whom he had two sons, Alexander and Cadwal-
lader. He left the army at the close of 1771 or beginning of 1772,
and returned with his family to New York, where he was appointed
Surveyor and Searcher of Customs. He died Aug. 15, 1777. — Col.
Doc. Vol. VIII. p. 511.
78 ROSTER. [1772
LIEUTENANT-GENERAL THE HONORABLE
Fourth son of the Earl of Leven and Melville and born about
1740. He came to America in command of the 59th Foot in 1776
was Brigadier-General and commanded the light infantry at the
Battle of Long Island. He served with great distinction during the
war, particularly at the Battle of Princeton. In 1779 he became
Major-General ; in 1780 he was at the capture of Charleston, in-
vaded Virginia with 3,000 men and joined Lord Cornwallis in North
Carolina in December of that year. He led the right wing at Guil-
ford and at the close of the war was commandant at Charleston.
After serving for many years as second in command of the forces in
Scotland, Lieutenant-General Leslie died at his seat of Beechwood,
near Edinburgh, Dec. 27, 1794.
ALEXANDER ROSS, M.D.
Of New Brunswick; originally from Jamaica; m. a daughter of
Jasper Farmer of Perth Amboy ; probably an ex-army surgeon. Re-
sided at "Ross Hall." d. 1777.
ANDREW D. BARCLAY.
In 1797 Merchant at 127 Water Street and was still there in the
year 1800. Scoville says he had one share in the Tontine Coffee
House. He was one of those who signed the Brokers' Agreement
to trade with each other at J4 per cent, commission.
Son of Andrew Barclay and Helena Roosevelt. In 1773 had his
store on Hunter's Quay where he sold Jamaica Spirits, Rum, Sugar,
1773] ST - Andrew's society. 79
&c, and in 1777 he was located at Little Dock Street, corner of
Exchange. He enlisted as a New Jersey volunteer in the cause of
the King, was taken prisoner on Staten Island in 1777 and sent to
Trenton. Graduated from King's College M.A. 1766. In 1786 Mer-
chant 14 Hanover Square ; in 1789 described as "Vendue Master."
COLONEL THOMAS BARCLAY.
Son of Henry Barclay, D.D., Rector of Trinity, and b. New York,
Oct. 12, 1753. Graduated from Kings College; student of law with
John Jay. At the beginning of the Revolution he entered the British
Army under Sir William Howe as a Captain in the Loyal American
Regiment and was promoted to be Major by Sir Henry Clinton in
1777. He continued in active service till the peace. His estate in
New York was confiscated, and at the close of the war he fled
with his family to Nova Scotia. Of the House of Assembly of
that Province he was for some time Speaker; and of the Militia,
Adjutant-General. From 1796 till 1828 he was employed in civil
stations, under the Crown, of great trust and honor. He was suc-
cessively a commissioner under Jay's Treaty, Consul General for
the Northern and Eastern States, and Commissary for the care and
exchange of prisoners. At the conclusion of the War of 1812 he
was appointed Commissioner under the Treaty of Ghent. — (Apple-
ton). In private life he was estimable. He was a sincere and
devout Christian of the Communion of the Church of England. He
died New York. Apr., 1830. — Sabine.
CAPTAIN HENRY COUPAR.
Traded between London and New York in the fast packet ship
"Samson." Member Marine Society Jan. 13, 1772. In 1778 master
of the "Sally."
b. Dunfermline, Sept. 7, 1735 ; son of Rev. Ralph Erskine, author
80 ROSTER. [1773
of Gospel Songs and Scripture Songs ; came to America in 1771 ; in
1772 Manager and Agent in New York of the American Company's
Iron Works at Ringwood, Long Pond and Charlotteburg ; during
the war he took the American side and became Chief of Engineers
on Washington's Staff and Geographer and Surveyor-General to the
Army. He died at Ringwood. New Jersey in 1780.
MAJOR JOHN GILLAN.
Ensign in the 55th Regiment Jan. 5, 1756; Lieutenant May 31,
1759; Captain May 28, 1768; Major Nov. 17, 1780.
(Appears on our Roll as Gillon.)
PETER VAN BRUGH LIVINGSTON, JR.
Son of Peter Van Brugh Livingston ; born Mar. 31, 1753 ; married
Susan Blondel or Blundel. In 1778 at 856 Hanover Square and
part of his business was importing Irish butter.
(This appears in the History as Philip Van B. Jr. but in the publication of
1823 it is Peter V. B. Jun.)
CAPTAIN DANIEL SHAW.
In 1761 master of the sloop "Rebecca" trading to New Provi-
dence; in 1762 engaged transporting troops to Havana; master
successively of several vessels trading to the West Indies; in 1773
member of the Marine Society; in 1775 he was of the firm of Shaw
and Long, whose store was between Burling and Beekman Slips,
and dealt in Earthern and Glassware, Wines, Spirits, Cheese, &c.
That same year, there being no dinner of the Saint Andrew's Society,
owing to the disturbed condition of the city, he presided on Saint
Andrew's Day at a dinner held by the "Company of Caledonian
Rangers," at which twenty-one toasts were drank of a character
which left no doubt on which side their sympathies lay.
1/73] ST - Andrew's society. 8i
CAPTAIN ROBERT SINCLAIR.
In 1759 lie kept a dry goods store opposite the Fly-Market; in
1763 he became insolvent and went back to the sea; in 1767 master
of the snow "Amelia," carrying freight and passengers to London ;
in 1768 his store was in French Church Street; in 1770 in Maiden
Lane and his business had become wholesale; in 1772 on Hunter's
Quay; in 1771 he became a member of the Marine Society. He
died in 1786.
CAPTAIN ALEXANDER STEWART.
In 1764 one of this name had a house in Broad Street; in 1768
master of the sloop "Peggy" trading to Bermuda; in 1771 James
and Alexander Stewart were Ship-Chandler's on Cruger's Wharf ;
in 1772 trading to Liverpool in the ship "Hope," and in 1775 master
of the snow "Henrietta" from St. Thomas to Liverpool ; in 1770 be-
came a member of the Marine Society; in 1785 subscribed £3.10.0.
towards Saint Andrew's Hall.
CAPTAIN WILLIAM BROWN.
Mariner. Member of the Marine Society July 9, 1770.
Of Catskill, N. Y. In July of this year he landed in New York
with a large number of Scottish families, evidently from Morayshire,
judging from their names, he himself having a Morayshire name.
He settled them on his lands in the neighborhood of Coxsackie and
Catskill. During the Revolution he was a Loyalist and was im-
82 ROSTER. [1774
prisoned for a long time in Albany jail and occasioned considerable
correspondence. Richard Varick in a letter to Governor Clinton
says he was "a man of pretty considerable influence with the
Enemy." He was eventually exchanged. One of this name, a
Loyalist, settled in Charlotte County, New Brunswick.
CAPTAIN RICHARD DUNCAN.
Son of John of Schenectady. Captain under Sir John Johnson,
d. Feb. 1819.
CAPTAIN WILLIAM RITCHIE.
Mariner. In business with Thomas Budd, and in 1769 his
partnership was dissolved, while he continued in business for him-
self ; in 1772 in command of the sloop "William" from South Caro-
lina and return. He lived "near Peck's Slip." His sister Margaret
married James Ronalds (member 1786). His will was proved Aug.
CAPTAIN JAMES SUTHERLAND.
Same officer who joined the Society in 1768. No other on Army
Note. — There is no record of the Society having held any
meetings after the year 1774 and during the Revolution period
until it met again in 1784, with large accessions to its member-
CAPTAIN JAMES DALZELL.
The Colonial Documents contain a graphic account of the death
of Captain Dalzell. "On the 31st July, 1763. he led a detachment
against Pontiac then encamped beyond the bridge on the creek called
the Bloody Run in the vicinity of Detroit. The British party was
obliged to retreat. 'At a little distance,' says Parkman, 'lay a ser-
geant of the 55th (Otway's) helplessly wounded, raising himself on
his hands and gazing with a look of despair after his retiring com-
rades. The sight caught the eye of Dalzell. That gallant soldier, in
the true spirit of heroism, ran out. amid the firing, to rescue the
wounded man, when a shot struck him and he fell dead. Few
observed his fate and none durst turn back to recover his body.' "
GENERAL JAMES PATTISON.
(1 724-1 805)
b. 1724. He early entered the army, and was promoted Captain
of Artillery Aug. 1, 1757: Lieut.-Col. in 1761 ; Colonel Apr. 25,
1777; Major-General Feb. 19, 1779; Lieut. -General Sept. 28, 1787;
General Jan. 26, 1797. He was appointed Adjutant-General in
America July 11, 1776. and was sent home with despatches after the
battle of Monmouth, N. J. lie accompanied the expedition against
Charleston, S. C, in 1780 and was chief in command in New York
after the capture of the city. On his return to England he twice held
a similar appointment at Woolwich arsenal. He died at his house in
Berkeley Square, London, Mar. 1, 1805. — Applcton.
(This appears in its proper place as James Patterson and so appears on our
Abercromby, Gen. Sir James
Adair, Dr. John
Alexander, Capt. John
Alexander, Capt. William
Alexander, Major-Gen. Wm. ("Earl of Stirling"
Anderson, Andrew, M.D
Anstruther, Col. William
Baillie, Lieut. James
Barclay, Andrew D
Barclay, Rev. Henry, D.D
Barclay, Col. Thomas
Blair, Peter, M.D
Brown, Capt. John
Brown, Capt. William
Brown, Capt. William
Bruce, Capt. Robert George
Bruce, William, M.D
Buchanan, Lieut.-Gov., Sir Francis James
Buchanan, Capt. Walter
Cameron, Capt. Allan
Lieut. -Gen. Alexander...
Gen. Sir Archibald, M.P.
Campbell, Capt. John 1760 36
Campbell, Gen. John 1761 40
Campbell, John 1769 69
Campbell, Malcolm 1756 2
Campbell, Major Mungo 1762 46
Campbell, Major Patrick 1769 69
Campbell, Capt. Robert 1757 18
Carre, Lieut. Stair Campbell 1756 3
Cassilis, Archibald Kennedy, Earl of 1770 73
Catherwood, William, M. D 1771 75
Chambers, Capt. James 1761 41
Christie, Capt. Alexander 1761 41
Christie, James 1758 28
Christie, Thomas 1757 18
Clephane, Major James 1759 30
Cochrane, Col. Gavin 1757 18
Cochrane, Capt. Thomas 1762 47
Colden, Alexander 1756 3
Colden, Cadwallader, Jr 1762 47
Colden, David 1759 31
Colden, Richard Nicholls 1772 77
Coupar, Capt. Henry 1773 79
Craufurd, Lieut. -Col. John Walkinshaw 1757 18
Cumming, John 1774 81
Currie, Archibald 1761 42
Dalglish, John 1758 28
Dallas, Duncan 1762 47
Dalzell, Capt. James 1757 19
Doughty, Thomas 1756 3
Douglass, David 1761 42
Drew, Capt. James 1764 56
Drummond, James, M. D 1756 4
Drummond, Thomas, Lord 1768 65
Duffus, Lieut. Col. James Sutherland, Lord 1768 67
Dunbar, Capt. William 1765 59
Duncan, John 1756 4
Duncan, Capt. Richard 1774 82
Dunmore, John Murray, Earl of 1770 72
Duthie, James 1756 4
Elder, Capt. Robert 1769 69
Elliot, Lieut. John 1757 J 9
Elliott, Lieut.-Gov. Andrew 1764 56
Elphinstone, Capt. John 1758 28
Erskine, Robert 1773 79
Fairholme, Johnston 17*3 53
Farquhar, William, M.D 1756 5
Fleming, David 1762 47
Forbes, Alexander 1763 53
Forbes, Lieut. Charles 1756 5
Forbes, Lieut. Lachlan '757 19
Forrest, Capt. Robert 1761 43
Foy, Lieut.-Gov. Edward 1770 72
Fraser, Lieut. -Gen. Simon 1757 '9
Fraser, Capt. Simon 1757 20
Fraser, Ensign Simon - 1757 20
French, John 1765 60
Fullerton, Lieut. George '757 21
Gemmel, David 1759 31
Gillan, Major John 1773 80
Glen, Gov. James 1759 32
Gordon, Major Ann 1762 48
Gordon, Capt. Peter 1760 36
Gordon, Thomas 1759 32
Graeme, Capt. Charles 1757 21
Graham, ^Eneas 1756 5
Graham, Edward ." 1756 5
Graham, Capt. John 1762 48
Grant, Capt. Alexander 1765 60
Grant, Capt. Michael 1762 48
Grigg, Capt. John.- 1757 21
Haggart, Lieut. William 1762 49
Hay, Lieut. William 1756 6
Hunter, Capt. John 1765 60
Hunter, Walter 1756 6
Innis, Lieut.-Col. John 1756 6
Jackson, Rev. Thomas 1762 49
Johnston, David 1756 6
Kennedy, Capt. Archibald (Earl of Cassilis) 1770 73
Kennedy, Robert 1756 7
Kidd, Capt. George 1764 57
Laidlie, Rev. Archibald, D.D 1765 60
Law, James 1760 37
Law, Robert 1761 43
Leslie, Lieut.-Gen. the Hon. Alexander 1772 78
Livingston, James 1757 21
Livingston, John 1756 7
Livingston, Colonel Peter R 1763 53
Livingston, Peter Van Brugh, Jr 1773 80
Livingston, Philip 1756 7
Livingston, Robert, Jr 1770 73
Livingston, Gov. William 1756 8
Lock, John, M.D 1757 21
Louttit, Capt. James 1756 8
Lowther, William 1771 76
McAdam, Capt. Gilbert 1760 37
McAdam, William 1761 43
McAlpine, Capt. Collin 1756 8
McBean, Capt. Alexander 1757 21
McDonald, Capt. Alexander 1767 64
McDonell, Col. John, Jr 1759 32
McDonell, Capt. Ronald 1759 33
McDougall, Capt. George 1765 61
McDougall, William 1771 76
Mcllworth, Thomas 1757 22
Mcintosh, Captain George 1757 22
Mackay, Lieut. Francis 1757 22
McKenzie, John, M.D. ) ( 1759 33
. . Tr • t 1 »« t~. - same person - i
McKenzie, John, M.D. 1 v \ 1769 69
McKesson, John 1756 9
McKie, John 1757 22
McKirdy, Capt. Daniel 1760 37
McLean, Capt. Alexander 1757 23
McLean, Gen. Allan 1756 10
McLean, Archibald, M.D 1771 76
McLean, Donald, M.D 1764 57 ,
McLeod, Capt. Norman 1759 33
McQueen, John 1756 11
Maitland, Lieut-Col. the Hon. Alexander 1768 65
Maitland, Col. the Hon. Richard 1764 57
Malcom, Brig.-Gen. William 1763 54
Marquis, Capt. Alexander 1769 70
Martin, Capt. William 1760 37
Mattheson, Lieut. Kenneth 1757 23
Maxwell, William 1770 74
Mercer, Robert 1759 33
Middleton, Peter, M.D 1756 n
Middleton, Robert 1763 54
Miller, Capt. Thomas 1756 11
Miller, William 1761 43
Milligan, David 1757 23
Milligan, John, M.D 1756 11
Milne, Lieut. David 1759 34
Mitchelson, Lieut. Walter 1762 49
Moncrieff, Lieut. Patrick 1770 74
Moore, Capt. Thomas William 1761 44
Morison, Donald 1756 12
Morris, Hon. Lewis 1758 28
Morris, Hon. Richard 1756 12
INDEX. . 89
Munro, John 1757 24
Munro, Capt. John 1764 5S
Murray, Col. Alexander 1760 3S
Murray, James, M.D 1756 13
Napier, Sir James 1757 24
Newton, Thomas 1 760 38
Ogilvie, Rev. John, D.D 1769 70
Ougston, Thomas 1759 34
Pagan, Hon. William 1765 61
Patterson, James 1763 54
Phyn, James 1765 61
Preston, Major Charles 1770 74
Pringle, Lieut. Francis 1756 13
Provoost, John 1761 44
Ramsay, John 1759 34
Ramsay, Lieut. William 1757 24
Reid, Gen. John 1762 49
Reid, Capt. John 1765 62
Reid, William 1774 82
Ritchie, Capt. William 1774 82
Robertson, Gov. James 1757 25
Robinson, Col. Beverly 1762 50
Ross, Alexander, M.D 1772 78
Ross, James 1766 62
Ross, John 1756 13
Russell, William 1757 25
Rutherford, Hon. John 1756 13
Rutherfurd, Major Walter 1756 14
St. Clair, Sir John 1757 26
Scot, Major-Gen. John, M.P 1768 66
Scott, Charles 1765 62
Scott, Capt. David 1770 75
Scott, Hon. John Morin 1756 14
Shaw, Capt. Daniel 1773 80
Shaw, David 176 1 45
Shaw, Capt. Neil 1761 45
Simpson, Capt. John Joseph 1761 45
Sinclair, Capt. Robert 1773 81
Small, Major-Gen. John 1763 54
Smibert, Capt. William 177° 75
Sproat, David 1764 58
Steuart, William, M.D 1769 7 r
Stevenson, Capt. John 1764 58
Stewart, Capt. Alexander 1773 81
Stewart, Col. Charles 1769 71
Stewart, Capt. James 1758 29
Stewart, John 1757 26
Stewart, Capt. William 1766 62
Story, James, M.D 1759 35
Sutherland, Lieut.-Col. James (Lord Duffus) . ) (1768 67
c a 1 j /1 t -same person..-, „'
Sutherland, Capt. James i F ( 1774 82
Sutherland, Lieut.-Col. Nicholas 1762 50
Syme, Col. 1770 75
Thomson, Adam, M.D 1756 14
Tolmie, Capt. Normand 1760 38
Traile, George 1756 14
Troup, Capt. John, R.N 1756 15
Turnbull, Capt. George 1757 26
Vail, Capt. Christopher 1762 51
Waddell, Capt. John 1756 15
Waddell, Capt. Robert 1770 75
Walker, Capt. John 1756 15
Walker, Capt. John, Jr 1756 16
Wallace, Hon. Hugh 1768 67
Wardrop, James 1757 2f >
Watts, Hon. John 1756 16
Weir, Daniel 1757 27
Wilson, George 1763 55
Wilson, Capt. John 1761 45
Witherspoon, John, D.D 1771 76
Wood, Thomas, M.D 1756 16
Young, Col. John 1760 38
Younge, William, M.D 1757 27
>. .^ N