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Full text of "The royal families of England, Scotland, and Wales : with their descendants, sovereigns and subjects"

THE LIBRARY 

BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY 

FROVO, UTAH 



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R3 / '7^ 
V, 



THE 



ROYAL FAMILIES 



OF 



WITH THEIR DESCENDxiNTS, 

SOVEREIGNS AND SUBJECTS. 

BY 

JOHN BURKE, ESQ., 



AND 



JOHN BERNARD BURKE, ESQ., 

AUTHORS OF "THE PEERAGE," "LANDED GENTRY," ETC., ETC. 



" I fetch my life and being 
From men of royal siege." 

Shakespeare. 



VOL. I. 

LONDON : 
E. CHURTON, 26, HOLLES STREET. 

1848. 



J. BIILTSO, 
Ptll'STfH A5D SIFEKnTYPEtt, 
WOKING. SVIUtEir. 



THE LIBRARY 

BRIGHAI YOUNG UNIVERSITY 

PROVO, UTAH 



Qjt^ J « «T- « u 'T» J<. X ftX* "Te nXr iX- -iX^ •>Ic r>X? 'jX^ w ^X- w 5A'? ?A'j?A(: v^^ yM'V'^ fMy^ "ihy'^ "^hyt 'tM.'ih'J^yt yM^ y^ "v^ w vf^ ?Av7* »-'i y^y\ jj ^.//^^/^ t 







INDEX OF VOLUME I. 



PlDIGttEE. 



Agnew, Robert Vans, Esq., of Barn- 

barroch . . . . . . clxxiii 

Allen, Robert Henry, Esq., of Black- 
well Hall . . . . . . Ixvii 

Ampblett, Richard Paul, Esq., of 

Wychbold . . . . . . cxxxv 

Annesley, Arthur Littleton, Esq., of 

Arley . . . . . . . cxviii 

Ashfordby-Trenchard, the Rev. John 

T. Craven, of Stanton . . cxcix 

Ashhurst, William Henry, Esq., of 

Waterstock « . . . . . exciv 



B 



Ix 



Balfour, David, Esq., of Trenaby . . 
Baker, William Robert, Esq., of 

Bayfordbury . . . , . . Ixxviii 

Barneby, Thomas, Esq., of Wor- 

^Cdvt/l •• a* •• *• 

* Baskerville, Thomas Baskerville 
Mynors, Esq., of Clyrow 
Berwick, Lord, 

Binning-Home, George Home, Esq., 
of Argaty 



cxxi 

xviii 
cxiii 



cxcv 



FEDIOBBi:. 



Blathwayt, George William, Esq., of 

Dyrham Park . . . . . . 

Blundell-Weld, Thomas, Esq., of 

Ince Blundell . . 
Bonar, Ernest Augustus, Esq., of 

Camden 
Borrowes, The Rev. Sir Erasmus 

Dixon, Bart. . . 
Bovver, Frances Mary, wife of the 

Rev. Henry Watkins . . 
Bowyer, Sir George, Bart. . . . . 
Branfill, Mrs. Anne Eliza, of Up- 

minster Hall . . 
Breadalbane, Marquess of . . 
Brickdale, John Fortescue, Esq., of 

Birchamp House 
Brodie, William, Esq., of Brodie . . 
Brooke, Sir Richard, Bart.. . 
Bruce, William Downing, Esq . 
Bruce-Gardyne, Thomas Macpher- 

son, Esq., of Myddleton 
Bulwer, Wilham Earle Lytton, Esq., 

of Heydon Hall 
Butt, Mary, wife of the Rev. 

Phelpes John Butt, M.A. . . 
Byam, William, Esq., of Westwood 
Byam, The Ftev. Richard Bm-gh, . . 
Bythesea, Samuel William, Esq., of 

the Hill, Freshford . . 



liv 

ci 

clxxix 

Ixxxvi 

clxxxi 
xxxiii 

cxi 

excii 

xci 

cix 

xxiv 

xxxiv 

clxxx 

Ixxii 

cxxiv 

cxcvi 

ih. 

clxv 



IV 



INDRX. 



riiuioiite 



Cardigan, Earl of . . . . ■ . cxli 

Carlyon, Edward, Esq., of Tregre- 

han . . . . . . • • xlvi 

Cayley, Sir George, Bart clxiv 

Cayley, Edward Stillingfleet, Esq., 

M.P. of Wydale . . . clxiv 

Chadwick, Hugo Malveysin, Esq., 

of Ileal ey Hall . . . . clx 

Chamberlayne, Joseph Chamber- 

layne, Esq., of Maugersbury . . cxcviii 
Clanricarde, ^Marquess of . . cxxiii 

Clavering, Edward John, Esq., of 

Callaly Ixxxii 

Cooke, Philip Davies, Esq., of 

Owston and Gwysany. . . . ix 

Coote, Charles Cliidley, Esq., of 

Mount Coote . . . . . . clxxx 

Corbet, Andrew William, Esq., of 

Sundorne . . . . . . vii 

Cranstoun, Baron . . . . . . cxxxix 

Creyke, Ralph, Esq., of Marton . . xxi 

Criohton-Makgill, David Maitland, 

Esq.,, of Rankeillour . . . . cvii 



D 



Dale, Edward, Esq., of T unstall . . 


xvi 


Davies, Owen, Esq. 


xciv 


De Burgh, Hubert, Esq., of West 




Drayton 


civ 


De Crespigny, Sir Claude William 




Champion, Bart. 


Ixxxiv 


D'Eyncourt, Right Hon. Charles 




Tennyson, of Bayons Manor. . 


iv 


Disney, John, Esq., F.R.S., F.S.A. 




of the Hyde . . 


Ixxix 


Dolman, John Thomas, Esq., of 




York . . 


viii 


Donegal, Marquess of 


clxix 


Douglass, Sir Robert, Bart. 


clxxxv 


Downshire, Marquess of . . 


clxvii 



TKDIGUKR. 



Dugdale, William Stratford, Esq., of 

Merevale Hall. . 
Dunlop - Wallace, R. H. Esq., 

jbi.lCCo* . • • • • • 



E 



Eddy, The Rev. John 

Edmund Plantagenet, Earl of 

Lancaster, and his descendants. 

page 
Edmund Plantagenet, Earl of 

Kent, and his descendants page 
Edward the Fikst, King of 

England, Life of . . . . page 

Genealogy of, . . page 

Eglinton and Winton, Earl of 
Eld, Francis, Esq., of Seighford . . 
Elmhirst, Mrs. Anne Frances, 
Essex, Earl of, 
Ettrick, Anthony, Esq., of High 

Barnes. . 



Ixiii 



ecu 



cxxiv 



XXV 
XXXV 

137 

XXxi 

x.xxix 

Ivi 

x^v 

clxxii 

xcvii 



Drew, Rev. Pierce William, of the 

Strand House, Youghall . . xiii, xiv 
Drogheda, Marquess of . . . . clviii 



Farnham, Lord, K.P. .. .. i, cliii 

Feilding, Lady, . . . . . . xlvii 

Ferrers, Marmiou Edward, Esq., of 

Baddesley Clinton .... xc 
Ffarrington, James Nowell, Esq., of 

Worden , , . . . . xii 

Forbes, Lord, . . . . . . clxxvi 

French, Charlotte Emma Georgiana, Ixi 

G 

Gardyne-Bruce, Thomas Macpher- 

son, Esq., of Middleton . . clxxxix 
Gatacre, Col. Edward, of Gatacre. . clii 

Gilbert, The Rev. John Pomroy, of 

the Priory . . . . . . cxl 

Gore - Langton, William Henry 

Powell, Esq., of Newton Park Ixxi 
Gore, Montague, Esq., of Barrow 

Court . . . . . . . . cl 

Graham, James • Maxwell, Esq., of 

Williarawood . . . . . . xcii 



INDEX. 



PEUIGUEE. 



Granville, Bernard, Esq., of Calwick 

Abbey . . . . . . . . xliv 

Grimston, Charles, Esq., of Grim- 

ston Garth . . . . . . clxxxvii 

Guilford, Earl of, . . , . . . cxxxvii 

Gwynne-Holford, Mrs. of Buckland cxxix 



H 



Hall, Su' John, Bart. . . . . cxxvi 

Hanford, Charles Edward, Esq,, of 

Wooller's Hill. . . . . . ciii 

Harbin, George, Esq., of Newton. . xli 

Hai'tley, Winoliconibe Henry 

Howard, Esq., of Bucklebury Ixxvii 
Helyar, "William Hawker, Esq., of 

Coker Court . . . . . . civ 

Henry the First, King of Eng- 
land, Life of . . . . page 33 

Genealogy of . . page ix 

Henry the Second, King of 

England, Life of . . page 58 

■ Genealogy of . . page xviii 

Henry the Third, King of Eng- 
land, Life of .. .. page 110 

Genealogy of. page xxiv 

Hereford, Viscount, . . . . cxcvii 

Heytesbmy, Lord, . . , . . . clxxxii 

Hildyard, The Rev. William, of 

Lincolnshii'e . . . . . . c 

Hill, Viscount, . . . . . . clxxiv 

Hippisley, Gustavus Alexander 

Butler, Esq., . . . . . . clxxxvi 

Hoghton, Sii" Henry Bold, Bart. . . cxxv 
Holford-G Wynne, Mrs., of Buckland cxxix 
Home-Binning, George Home, Esq., 

of Argaty . . . . . excv 

Hony, The Venerable Archdeacon 

William Edward . . . . cliv 

Horlock, Isaac John Webb, Esq., of 

the Rocks . . . . . . cxc 

Hornyhold, Thomas Charles, Esq., 

of Blackmore Park . . . . clxxvii 

Hoskyns, Chandos Wren, Esq., of 

Wroxall Abbey . . . . Ixvi 



Howth, Earl of 

Hughes, Thomas, Esq. of Treadam, 
and of The Chapel, co. Mon- 
mouth. 

Hughes, William, Esq., of Gwerclas 

Hunloke, Sir Henry, Bart. 

Huntingdon, Eail of, . . 



ruuiauKc. 



Jenkins, Mrs. 

Jodrell, John William, Esq., of 

Yeardsley 
JoHN,King of England,Life of, page 
Genealogy of . . . . page 



clxxi 



Ixxiv 

liii 

cxx 

XXXV i 



Ibbetson, Sir- Charles Henry, Bart. cci 



XXI 11 

xl 

87 
xxii 

Ixx 



Joliffe, John Twyford, Esq., of Am- 
merdown Pai'k 



K 



Kempe, The Rev. Sir William 

Robert, Bart. . . . . . . cxiv 

Kempe, William, Esq., of Teign 

Villa . . . . . . . . cxliii 



Langton-Gore,WilliamHenry Powell, 

Esq., of Newton Park . . Ixxi 

Leeds, Duke of, . . . . . . cxliv 

Lee Warner, The Rev. Henry, of 

Walsingham Abbey . . . . cxvii 

Leigh, Lord, . . . . . . . . xxxviii 

Lenthall, Kj IFm John William, Esq. 

of Bessels Leigh .. .. cxxii 

Lewis, Thomas, Esq., of St. Pierre xliii 

Lind, F., Esq., E.LC.C.S. . . Ixxx 

Lindsey, Earl of , . clxvi 

Lloyd, Edward Pryse, Esq., of Glan- 



sevin 



cxci 



VI 



INDEX. 



PEDIGHBli. 



Lloyd, Thomas Davies, Esq., of 

Bronwydcl . . . . • • xlii 

Loftus, George Colby, Esq.,of Wool- 
land clxviii 

Long, Walter, Esq., of Presliaw . . clix 

Lowndes, William, Esq., of the Bury, 
Chesham 

Lowndes, William Selby, Esq., of 
Whaddon 

Lowndes-Stone, William Francis, 
Esq., of Bright well Park 



XXVI 



Iv 



111 



CVl 

liii 

clvi 
Ixxiii 



M 

Macalester,Charles Somerville, Esq., 

of Loup and Kennox . 
Mackworth, Sir Digby, Bart. 
Macleod, Norman, Esq., of Macleod 
M'Adam, William, Esq., of Balloch- 

morrie 
Mainwaring, Rowland, Esq., R.N., 

of Whitmore Hall 

Martin, Sir Robert, Bart cxxxii 

Menzies, Ronald Steuart, Esq., of 

Culdares and Cardney . . Ixviii 

Methuen, Lord, . . . . . . cv 

Meynell - Ingram, Hugh Charles, 

Esq., of Hoar Cross . . . . xcix 

Mills, William, Esq., of Saxham Hall cvii 
Mitford, Robert, Esq., of Mitford. . cxxxvi 
Morgan, George Robert, Esq., of 

Mount Noel 

Mundy, William, Esq., of Markea- 

ton, 
Murray, John Nesbitt, Esq., of 

Philliphaugh . • 
Murray, John, Esq., of Touchadam 

and Polmaise . . 
Mynors, Peter Rickards, Esq., of 

Treago 
Mytton, Richard Herbert, Esq., of 

Garth , . . . . . 



TiVlORT.% 



Newman, Henry Wenman, Esq. of 

Thornbury Park .. .. Ixix 

Noel, Charles, Esq , of Bell Hall . . clxxv 

North, Baroness, cxv 

Northumberland, Duke of, . . Ixxxv 

Northwick, Baron cxxxiv 

Nowell, of Read and of Netherside xxvii 



o 



Oakeley, Sir Charles William AthoU, 

Bart. . . clxxyiii 

O'Reilly, James, Esq., of Baltrasna cli 

Orme, Humphrey, Esq., of Peter- 
borough 

Owen, Thomas Bulkeley, Esq., of 
Tedsmore 



lix 



xcvm 



N 



Naugle, Elizabeth Jane, wife of Ro- 
bert Nicholson, Esq., of Ballow 



XXIX Parker, Robert Townley, Esq., of 

Cuerden Park . . . . . . xciii 

Paston - Bedingfeld, Sir Henry 

Richard, Bart. . . . . . . cxlviii 

Pearce, Lieutenant Col. William, 

K.H., of Ffrwdgrecli . . . . 1 

Peter, William, Esq., of Harlyn . . clxiii 
Phillipps, Mrs., of Lower Eaton , . clxxxiv 
Pigott, George Greuville Wandes- 

ford, Esq., of Doddershall, .. cxlvii 
Poer, George Beresford, Esq., of 

Belleville Park . . . . cc 

Polwhele, Major Richard Graves, of 

Polwhele . . . . . . x 

Powell, Henry Folliott, Esq., of 

Brandlesome Hall . . . . xxxii 

Price, Francis Richard, Esq., of 

Bryn-y-pys . . . . . . Ixxxvii 

Prideaux, Sir Edmund Saunderson, 

Bart. . . , . . . . . v 

Pusey, Philip, Esq., of Pusey . . Iviii 



Q 



XXXV 



cxlii 



xxii 



clxii 
Ixxxi 
cxlvi 



Quantock, John Matthew, Es(j , of 
Norton 



Ixii 



INDEX. 



Vll 



PFDIGnEK. , 



R 



rEniGRKit. 



RadclifFe, Fredericlj Peter Delme, 
Esq., J.P. D.L., of Hitehen 
Priory . . . . . . . . xxxvii 

Rashleigh, Sir John Colman, Bart. Ixxxviii 
Rashleigh, William, Esq., of Mena- 

billy . . . . , . . . ib. 

Reade, Sir John Chandos, Bart. . . cxxx 
Richard the First, King of 

England, Life of . . .. page 71 

Genealogy of . . pnge xxi 

Richmond, Legh, Esq. of Ashton- 

under-LjTie . . . . . . xlviii 

Riddell, Thomas, Esq., of Felton . . x\v 



S 



Salisbur}', Marquess of, . . xxx, xxxi 

Salmond, James, Esq., of Waterfoot xevi 

Salwey, John, Esq., of Moor Park xxviii 
Sawle, Sir Joseph Sawle Graves, 

Bart. . . , . . . . . XX 

Searle, JohnWilliam, Esq., of Moles- 
worth . . . . . . . Ixxvi 

Selby, Walter, Esq., of Biddleston . xlix 

Selby, John Thomas, Esq.. . . . ib. 

Shannon, Earl of, . . . . . . clxx 

Sheldon, Henry James, Esq., of 

Brailes House . . . . . . xvii 

Sheppard, Sir Thomas Cotton, Bart. cciii 

Sherwill, Markham Eeles, Esq. . . Ixxx 

Sidebottom, Frances John, E.I.C.S. exxi 
Skelly, Francis, Esq., of Pilmore 

House . . . . . . . clxxxiii 

Southwell, Viscount . . . . cxix 

Stanhope, Earl, . . . . . . clxxxviii 

Starkie, Le Gendre Nicholas, Esq., 

of Huntroyde . . . . . . cxii 

Stephen, King of England, Life 

of . . . . . . patje 47 

Genealogy of. . 7J«^e xvi 

Storer, The Rev. John, M.A., of 

Hawkesworth . . . . . , Ixxxiii 

Stradbrooke, Earl of, . . . . cxxxi 
Swettenham, Thomas I. Wybault, 

Esq., of Swettenham . . . . cxvi 



Tatton, Thomas William, Esq., of 

Withenshaw . . . . . . vi 

Taylor, William Bewley, Esq., of 

the Brooms . . . . . . clvii 

Tempest, John Plumbe, Esq., of 

TongHall xix 

Thomas Plantagenet, Earl of 

Norfolk, and his descendants, 

page . . . . . . . . xxxiii 

Thornton, John, Esq., of Clapham cxciii 
Tollemache, John, Esq., of Helra- 

ingham Hall . . . . . . cxxviii 

Tower, Christopher, Esq., and Lady 

Sophia Tower, of Huntsmore 

Park . . . . . . . . cxxxvii 

To^^•nshend, Marquess of, . . . cxx.\iii 

Trafford, Sir Thomas Joseph de, 

Bart. . . . . . . . . XXV 

Trenchard - Ashfordby, The Rev. 

John T. Craven, of Stanton . . cxci.x 
Tyrconnel, Earl of, . . , . . . xi 



Vemon-Wentworth, Frederick Wil- 
liam Thomas, Esq., of Went- 
worth Castle . . 

Vernon, Major Gen. Henry Charles 
Edward, C.B., of Hilton 

W 



clxv 
Ivii 



Wallace - Dunlop, R. H., Esq., 

E.LC.C.S ccii 

Walker, James, Esq., of Dairy .. xv 

Walrond, Frances, of Bradfield .. Ixxv 
Warde, Charles Thomas, Esq., of 

Clopton and Luton Hoo . . ii 
Warner- Lee, The Rev. Henry, of 

Walsingham Abbey . . . . cxvii 

Waterford, Marquess of . . . . cviii 

Watkin.«, Mrs clxxxi 

Welby, Sir WiUiara Earle, Bart. .. Ixxxix 
Weld-Blundell, Thomas, Esq,, of 

Ince Blundcll ci 



vm 



INDEX. 



Wellwood, Andrew Clarke, Esq., of 
Comrie Castle . . 

Wentworth- Vernon, Frederick Wil- 
liam Thomas, Esq , of Went- 
worth Castle . . 

Wheler, Sir Trevor, Bart 

William the First, King of 
England, Life of . . parj^ 

Genealogy of . • page 

William the Second, King of 
England, Life of. . . . page 

Genealogy of . . page 



Ixiv 



cxlv 
l.xv 

1 



rrnicnKE. 



Winn, Charles, Esq., of Nostell 

Priory . . 
Wyndham, John Henry Campbell, 

of the College, Sarum. . 



cxlix 
clxi 



Yarburgh, Nicholas Edmund, Esq., 
22 of Heslington 

viii j Yorke, John, Esq., of Bewerley . . 



ex 

C!l 



''A 







THE ROYAL FAMILIES OF ENGLAND. 



milUam tfie jTirst 




iITH William the First may be said to 
commence the history of England; for 
before that period it was a country totally 
unconnected with the rest of civiHzed Eu- 
rope, having few records, and perhaps very 
Httle on which to base them. This cele- 
brated conqueror was born on the 14th of October, 1024, being 
the illegitimate son of Robert, sixth Duke of Normandy, and of 
Arlette, the daughter of a tanner at Falaise, who was subse- 
quently married to the Lord of Canterville. In the age of which 
we are writing, this latter union did not disturb her relations to 
the ducal family ; the two sons of this second marriage arose 
to distinction in the reign of the conqueror, and her daughter 
Mariel became Countess of Albemarle, while poets and min- 
strels paid their court to William, by recording the way in which 
his mother had been wooed and won by the ambassadors of 
Robert. 

The briUiant quaUties displayed by WiUiam while yet a child, 
obtained for him the favour of the duke, who determined to 
adopt him for his heir, to the exclusion of his own brothers, of 
Alan, Duke of Brittany, and of his cousin, the Count of Bur- 

B 



THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 



gundy. This told idea was as boldly carried out ; the different 
claimants were called together by Robert previous to his setting 
out on a pilgrimage for the Holy Land, and before they had time 
to debate the question, he suddenly broke in upon their fears of 
being left without a head, saying: " Not so, by my faith ; not 
so; I will leave you a master in my place. I have a little 
bastard here ; he is little indeed, but he will grow with God's 
grace ; nay, I have great hopes that he will prove a gallant man ; 
therefore I do pray you all to receive him from my hands, for 
from this time forth I give him seizin of the Duchy of Nor- 
mandy, as my known and acknowledged heir ; and I constitute 
Alan, Duke of Brittany, Governor and Seneschal of Normandy 
until I shall return, or that William, my son, shall become of 
manly age. Nevertheless, my lord, Henry, King of France, 
shall have the charge and guardianship of the child." 

The various rivals for the dukedom being thus taken by sur- 
prize, were obliged to yield, and for greater security the young 
heir was removed to the French court, and placed under the 
protection of liis sovereign lord. This event took place when 
WiUiam was only nine years of age, and his father then set out 
upon his pilgrimage. Of his residence at the French court, or 
of his early education, we have nothing but a few vague tradi- 
tions, all of which however agree in representing the young 
duke as being distinguished above all his companions by his 
bodily no less than by his mental accomplishments. 

In the year 1035 tidings came to Paris of the death of Duke 
Robert, which, as might be expected, were the signal for revolt 
among the legitimate competitors for the Norman dukedom, and 
to render the crisis yet more perilous, a fatal accident terminated 
the Hfe of Alan, at the very moment that he was hastening to 
suppress it. The companions of the late duke returning from 
Palestine now demanded of the French king that he should 
restore William to his people and his capital, and this demand 
being complied with, the future conqueror found himself in a 



WILLIAM THE FIRST. 



school of all others the best calculated to prepare him for a 
career of victory. It would be tedious, and not very instructive, 
to follow him from battle to battle with his rebellious barons ; 
although but fifteen years of age, he seems to have been so uni- 
formly victorious as to have excited the jealousy and envy of the 
French king ; but even he was baffled by the superior talents, or 
the superior fortunes, of his youtliful antagonist. The fame and 
popularity of William increased every day, and indeed, he seems 
to have earned tliis high reputation as much by his political as 
his military skill. In defiance of a treacherous lord suzerain, as 
well as of rebellious vassals, he overcame all obstacles, and 
finally assumed the ducal crown. Still he was not allowed any 
long repose. Fresh rebellions arose, for the most part supported 
directly or indirectly by the French king, and a hundred times 
we see him on the brink of ruin, yet in the very crisis escaping 
by some unexpected stroke of poHcy, or by some piece of good 
fortune almost akin to the marvellous. 

It was in the year 1051 that he visited England for the first 
time, on the invitation of his near relative, Edward the Confes- 
sor, the last of the Saxon and Danish kings, who had every rea- 
son to be attached both to him and his family. If ever Edward, 
in the default of any immediate heirs of his own, intended to 
make over the crown of England to William, it was now probably 
that such a scheme was agitated. The manners of the duke were 
peculiarly calculated to win his favour, while Earl Godwin, the 
only person who could put forth an equal claim, w^as personally 
distasteful to him. But before these schemes could ripen into 
maturity, the duke was recalled to Normandy, by fresh rebel- 
lions amongst his vassals, and, as a matter of course, with him, 
to fresh victories. Thus his authority on the continent became 
more consoHdated than ever, and the cope-stone seems to have 
been put upon it by his marriage with Matilda of Flanders, 
daughter of Baldwin V., Earl of Brittany, and descended on the 

maternal side in a direct line from Alfred the Great. For seven 

B 2 



4 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

vears he had been an unfavoured wooer, while another obstacle 
was opposed to liim in the bulls of the Papal See, for the Lady 
Matilda being his first cousin, they prohibited such an union- 
But WiUiam, who never suffered himself to be conquered by 
stone w^alls, was not to be baffled by the ecclesiastical law, or a 
lady's coldness ; he overcame both, and thus estabHshed another 
claim to the Enghsh throne in virtue of his wife's descent from 
the Great Alfred. 

Successes of this kind again awakened the jealous enmity of 
the French king, who once more took up arms against him, and 
this time under the pretence of restoring to the Earl of Anjouthe 
territories of w^hich WilHam had unjustly deprived him. Some 
severe battles were the consequence, the campaign ending as 
usual in the increase of the conqueror's territories and reputa- 
tion, and the death of the French king, which happened a short 
time afterwards, tended yet farther to secure him in the peaceful 
possession of what he had thus acquired. It is now that w^e see 
William under the most favourable aspect. Having reduced the 
overgrown power of the nobles, he extended the charters of the 
towns, ameliorated the laws, made the great prelates responsible 
to the state, cleared his land of mercenaries, and restrained the 
dangerous license of the gleemen, who too often played the part 
of spies in the employ of foreign powers. 

While he was thus acting for himself in Normandy, affairs 
w^ere equally progressing in his favour in England without any 
interference of his own. His most dangerous competitor for the 
throne was Harold, not less ambitious, and hardly less talented 
than himself. This heroic soldier had quarrelled with his bro- 
ther Tostig, who in consequence was inciting the Danes to a 
fresh invasion of England, and wdien King Edward expired, 
January 5th, 1066, Harold found the throne w^hich he had seized 
was in peril from all sides, although, as subsequent events proved, 
he had with him the hearts of the whole Anglo-Saxon race. 

William was hunting in the forest of Rouvrav, near Rouen, 



WILLIAM THE FIRST. 5« 

when tidings were first brought to him of Harold's having pos- 
sessed himself of the English throne. Without loss of time he 
demanded of Harold that he should yield up the throne, in 
virtue of some real or pretended treaty, and having received the 
reply, which he could hardly have not expected, he convened 
his council, and found in them, as well as amongst the Normans 
generally, every disposition to concur with all his wishes. Some 
difficulty indeed was experienced in regard to the obtaining of 
the necessary funds, for the Normans loved their wealth even 
more than they were influenced by the prospect of conquest; but 
even this obstacle was got over, although he could obtain no 
help from his nominal suzerain, the young king of France. In 
Flanders he was more successful. The duke, his father-in-law^ 
after considerable haggling, as one who was willing to make the 
most of his bargain, at length agreed to assist him vdth a hand- 
some supply both of men and ships. The Pope moreover, upon 
his application, allowed his claim, and denounced Harold as an 
usurper, in conformity with that general creed of the Roman 
See, which admits the claims of all who acknowledge its autho- 
rity, and denounces those who refuse its intervention. 

After a long delay, the consequence of unfavourable winds^ 
WiUiam at length set sail, and landed in the Bay of Pevensey on 
the Sussex coasts, September the 28th, 1066. For some time 
there was no one to oppose him, for Harold had gone to repel 
the invasion of Tostig and the Danes, and was gaining the fatal 
victory of Stamford-bridge, which cost him many of his best and 
bravest. William had thus ample time to prepare for the en- 
counter ; and to induce his followers to fight with the greater 
desperation he scuttled his ships in deep water and left them no 
chance of safety but in victory. 

Harold was now advancing to the attack. He had been 
strongly advised by his brother, Gurth, not to stake his crown 
upon a single battle, but to harass and wear out his adversary 
by a protracted warfare. It was wisely obsen^ed that Wilham 



THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 



would soon have no resources but what he drew from the coun- 
try by plunder, and that the ravages indispensable to his support 
would alienate yet more the minds of the people already suffi- 
ciently disinclined to the Normans. Harold, however, refused 
to listen to these sagacious counsels. He advanced and took up 
a position, which he fortified with entrenchments, about seven 
miles from the Norman camp, a precaution that was not more 
than necessary considering the vast inequality, if not in num- 
bers, at least in the military fitness of the opposing bodies. The 
Anglo-Saxons had neither horse nor bowmen, two arms in 
which their enemies were so pre-eminent, but had to rely upon 
their solid masses of infantry with no better weapons than the 
sword and battle-axe. It has been said that when Harold went 
out to reconnoitre the camp of his opponents, he was so much 
struck by their admirable state of preparation as to evince a 
sudden desire to avoid the approaching contest and propose re- 
tiring upon London ; but his brother replied, " it is too late now, 
retreat would be a flight, and carry consternation through your 
ranks." Neither did he receive much consolation from the re- 
port of his spies, whom William had not even thought it worth 
while to punish when detected, but having supplied them with 
refreshments and ordered them to be shown through the camp, 
he dismissed them to relate what they had seen to their master. 

Many efforts at negotiation were made by William, though 
probably insincere enough. He even offered to leave Harold in 
possession of Northumberland, the whole country bounded by 
the Humber, and the greater part of Yorkshire, but Gurth 
nipped in the bud all ideas of concession, if they ever were enter- 
tained, observing with his usual sagacity that " if Harold ceded 
the crown, William would soon deprive him of what he now so 
prodigally offered. Once admitted into the country, the Normans 
would first seize upon their estates ; next on their wives and 
daughters ; and thirdly take the goods and chattels out of their 
houses." The event but too well justified these sad predictions. 



WILLIAM THE FIRST. 7 

The day of battle at length dawned upon the two parties, of 
whom it is hard to say, which in strict justice had the least 
claim to the throne. Harold had arrayed his army in two divi- 
sions ; to the first was committed the defence of the entrenched 
position, while the second consisting chiefly of the militia and 
London bands, formed the reai'ward and resei^e. William 
di\dded liis force into three bodies, the last of which consisting 
wholly of Normans and comprizing the cavalry, was commanded 
by himself in person. A portion of this division formed the re- 
serve, yet more immediately under his orders. 

The first onset of the Normans is described by the chroniclers 
as having been terrific ; but it was as sternly met ; undaunted 
by the flights of arrows that thinned their ranks in a frightful 
manner, the Saxons gave not an inch of ground, and when after- 
wards charged by the Norman horsemen they received them on 
the points of their long spears and hurled them back again. 
Then came the real shock of battle ; the infantry advanced, and 
it was a furious hand to hand fight with the pole and battle axe 
and the sword, in which the advantage e\ndently lay with the 
Saxons. After an hour's conflict of this kind, the front ranks 
could be scarcely kept unbroken. The second line now ad- 
vanced, and to aid their charge William ordered that the arrows 
should be shot in the air so as to fall amongst the enemy, carry- 
ing death and destruction amongst the rearmost ranks, while 
they most thought themselves in safety. But everj^ mode of 
attack was defeated by the natural courage and superior bodily 
strength of those assailed, and the day was fast turning against 
the invaders, when William had recourse to one of his most 
usual as well as effective stratagems. He ordered his troojis 
to make a general charge, but to retreat again in the 
very height of the conflict. The Saxons fell into the snare ; 
carried away by their impetuous valour, they broke their ranks 
in their eagerness to pursue the flying enemy, who turned upon 
them and made a frightful butchery of the disordered masses. 



8 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

It was in vain that they adopted the favourite modern tactics of 
forming into square ; the axe of the Saxon availed nothing 
against the Norman spear, and the Norman shaft ; Harold, his 
brothers, and nearly all the knights and nobles had fallen ; and 
yet it could hardly be called a victory on the part of the in- 
vaders, though it had all the consequences of one, for the native 
army was exterminated, not vanquished, and the conquerors 
themselves were so reduced that had the people possessed suffi- 
cient energy to have risen at the moment against them there 
w^ould have been Httle chance of a single man amongst them escap- 
ing back to Normandy. As it was, the nation lay prostrate and 
paralyzed at the feet of the conqueror, and he was not the man 
to lose any thing that the opportunity offered to him ; as 
sagacious in the cabinet as he was bold in the field, he gave the 
people no time to recover from their consternation, but mingling 
caution with speed he resolved to secure his communications 
with France and Normandy before advancing any farther. With 
this ^aew he marched upon Dover, which was surrendered to 
him on the first summons, and having left a strong garrison in 
the castle he set out for London, not by the direct way, but 
chiefly along the coast, through Sussex and Hampshire, as well 
as through Surrey, Berkshire, Oxford, Buckingham, and Hert- 
ford, his route being marked by the ravages of his soldiers. No 
where does any attempt seem to have been made to arrest his pro- 
gress till he came near London, when a slight effort was made in 
favour of Edgar the Etheling, the real heir to the throne. It may 
seem strange that he should have experienced so little resistance ; 
the battle of Hastings shewed that there was yet a vigour in the 
nation fully capable of repelling invasion had it been properly 
directed ; but with Harold had expired the only man who could 
combine and controul the popular energies ; Edwin and Morcar 
the military commanders of Mercia and Northumberland, nearly 
two-thirds of England, instead of supporting Harold's son, were 
grasping at the crown for themselves ; and when defeated in this 



WILLIAM THE FIRST. . 9 

project they sullenly retreated to their respective provinces in 
the vain idea that the conqueror would not venture to disturb 
them. Eventually they reaped, as was most fit, the natural con- 
sequence of their selfish and short-sighted poUcy. 

Unsupported by these powerful chiefs, the effort to place 
the atheling upon the throne speedily came to nothing, and 
Stigand, the Archbishop of Canterbury, the foremost in advo- 
cating his cause, was fain to join those, who tendered the va- 
cant crown to William. At first the Norman refused it under 
sundry vague pretences, having in reahty no mind to accept 
even a sceptre on the conditions imposed upon the Anglo-Saxon 
monarchs ; he wished to rule with the absolute sway of a con- 
queror, and not with the modified rights of an elected monarch. 
At last, however, he was prevailed upon to accept the throne, 
though he deferred the coronation until his consort should arrive 
to bear her part in that ceremony. In the meantime he em- 
ployed himself in plans for the construction of those fortresses 
which were afterward so abundantly built to overawe and con- 
troul the people. For a time, however, he cloaked his tyrannical 
schemes under the guise of a kind and generous spirit, anxious 
only for the welfare of his new people. He even bestowed places 
of high trust upon the natives, inviting them to share with him 
in the pleasures of the field and table, and doing all that the 
most refined hypocrisy could suggest to conciHate their affections. 
But had he been as sincere as he most assuredly was false, it may 
be doubted whether he could have carried his benevolent inten- 
tions into effect. It is the curse of wrong that it can only be 
maintained and rendered safe by wrong, and thus William found 
himself compelled to plunder the people he had conquered, in or- 
der to find the means of gratifying those who had helped him to 
his ill-got power. He was Hke the exorcist, who having raised 
the devil for his own behoof, must propitiate him and requite his 
services with the blood of the innocent. 

But perhaps the worst of the evils inflicted by William upon 



10 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

the land he had conquered, was the introduction of the feudal 
system to its full extent, in place of the more popular govern- 
ment of the Anglo-Saxons. It led, — and could only lead — to 
the alternate tyranny of the king or the nobles, according as each 
obtained the upper hand, while the general mass of the commu- 
nity were Uttle better than serfs and slaves, nor was it till the 
growth of commerce had raised up a middle class that the Eng- 
lish constitution gradually reverted, in some degree at least, to 
the principles of the great Alfred and his immediate successors. 
It has indeed been asserted, that the feudal system existed in 
England long before the time of William ; to a certain extent 
this may be true, but the feudal system, as a whole, was utterly 
incompatible with the popular rights and privileges in the Saxon 
times, and acordingly we find the latter, all vanished under 
the iron sway of William. To him also the people were indebted 
for the imposition of the Papal tax called Peter-pence, a tax 
which had been steadily refused by the best of the Anglo-Saxon 
monarchs, and it is not a little curious to observe how the influ- 
ence of Rome and the spread of the feudal system went hand in 
hand together. 

Having reduced the kingdom to a state of subjection that held 
out a reasonable expectation of quiet, William returned to Nor- 
mandy to enjoy among his countiymen the honours belonging to 
his conquest. It has been said, that he left England in the hope 
that the oppressions and tyranny of his barons might drive the 
people into the rebellion, and thus give him a fair pretence for 
farther exactions on his own part, and for rivetting the yoke of 
conquest yet more tightly about their necks. Such a design 
would be perfectly consonant with what we know of Wilham's 
character, and whether it was or was not the motive, the result 
was the same as if it had been intended. The feudal lords drove 
the people into open rebellion by their tyranny, and William 
hastily returned to England, with fair promises on his lips, but with 
hatred at his heart, and a full determination to crush the Anglo- 



WILLIAM THE FIRST. 1 I 

Saxon population. As some excuse for his intentions, the spirit 
of resistance yet Huge red in the northern and western extremities 
of the kingdom. It was not long, however, before rebelhon, if 
such resistance can be so called, was again quelled, so far at least 
as regarded the west, and Matilda now coming to England, she 
was crowned at Whitsuntide. 

It was not, perhaps, in the nature of William to remain long 
quiet, and probably it was no unwelcome new^s that called him 
away from these peaceful festivities to put down rebellion in the 
north. In requital for many services rendered to him by Edwin, 
he had promised that earl the hand of his daughter, but no 
sooner did he feel himself secure upon the throne, than he re- 
fused to fulfil his engagements, and hence arose this new revolt 
that spread from the heart of Mercia to the confines of Scotland. 
York, too, rose in the cause of independence, but only to open 
its gates at the conqueror's approach, and a delusive calm was 
re-estabhshed in a brief time, and without any violent effort. 
It did not however last long. To pass over many lesser attempts 
to shake off the Norman yoke, the sons of Harold returned from 
Ireland with a fleet of sixty-four sail, and, having landed at Ply- 
mouth, were defeated and driven back to their ships, only to be 
succeeded by a yet more formidable attack from Denmark. Two 
whole years had Sweno employed in preparing for this adventure, 
and the power of the armament was commensurate with the ex- 
tent of the preparations. Two hundred and forty sail, under the 
command of his son, Canute, with adventurers drawn from every 
shore of the Baltic, made their appearance off the English coast, 
and, having been successively repulsed at Dover, Sandwich, 
Ipswich, and Norwich, finally dropt anchor in the Humber, where 
they were gladly received by the insurgent population and their 
leaders. Hence they marched to York, and totally defeated the 
Normans, who had set fire to the city in order to clear the ground 
in the vicinity of their castles, the confusion arising from this 
act of cruelty having allowed their enemy to surprise them. 



12 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

Three thousand Normans, it is said, were slain, a few only being 
spared for the sake of ransom. 

The king, who had been for a long time aware of Sweno's in- 
tentions, and had sought auxiUaries from every people between 
the Rhine and the Tagus, marched into the north without delay 
upon the receipt of this intelligence. But it formed no part of 
the invaders' plan to hazard a general engagement ; they sepa- 
rated at his approach, and the storm, which had threatened so 
much mischief, passed over his head innocuously. It was sup- 
posed at the time that the Danish chiefs had been bribed by him, 
and certainly they returned to their own country without having 
effected any thing in behalf of their allies, who, being thus aban- 
doned to their fate, were not long in feeling the full vengeance 
of their indignant master. With a cruelty that it is to be hoped 
has not many parallels in the history of mankind, he dispersed 
his followers over the country, with injunctions that they should 
spare neither man nor beast, but should involve houses, corn, and 
implements of husbandry, as well as all that had the breath of 
life, in one common destruction. Such an order was not likely 
to find any mitigation in the hands of a people like the Normans. 
A hundred thousand natives were inhumanly slaughtered, and for 
nine years not a patch of cultivated ground could be seen between 
York and Durham. 

No sooner had this Norman plague passed away from the land, 
by the return of the king to London and the disbandment of his 
forces, than a new scourge visited the afflicted people, in the 
shape of the Scots. So long as the Anglo-Saxons were in arms 
against William, the Scottish king, Malcolm, considered them as 
friends, but no sooner had they submitted to a power which they 
wanted the means to resist, than he treated them as an enemy. 
Crossing the Tyne, the Scotch burnt the churches and villages, 
massacred the infants and the aged, all, in short, who were likely 
to encumber their march, and carried off the rest, both men and 
women, into hopeless slavery. 



WILLIAM THE FIRST. 13 

William was now undisputed master of England, and having 
plundered the natives till they had nothing left to excite his 
cupidity, he proceeded to reform the church by ejecting the 
Saxon prelates, and installing his Normans in their offices. It is 
possible that this might have been a national benefit from the 
superior learning and stricter discipline of the latter, but the 
measure is not the less questionable ; however we may disguise 
it to ourselves, it is after all neither more nor less than the 
Robin Hood plan of expediency, robbing the rich for the benefit 
of the poor. 

For a long time there was peace all over the land, the peace 
that belongs to desolation. The royal eagle, glutted mth carnage, 
had folded its wings and laid itself down to uneasy rest. But 
this happy state of things could not last for ever. To drop all 
metaphor, it was the natural consequence of the crimes of Wil- 
liam, that he should become gloomy and suspicious, and w^e can 
not wonder at finding him now" jealous of the influence of Edwin 
and Morcar with the people. They had served him w^ell and 
faithfully, it is true, but the attachment of their countrymen was 
an offence full of danger, and unmindful of the past, William 
attempted to secure their persons. Edwin would have escaped 
to Scotland, but he was betrayed by three of his vassals ; he fell 
with seventy of his faithful adherents, fighting desperately to the 
last, and the traitors presented his head to the king, who re- 
warded their treachery, as it well deserved, by a doom of perpetual 
banishment. 

Morcar, more fortunate than his brother, escaped to Herew^ard, 
a celebrated Saxon chief, who from his strong-hold in the Isle of 
Ely, had for a length of time carried on with great success, a 
sort of partizan warfare against all the might of the Normans. 
Hitherto William had neglected this adversary ; but now that he 
was joined by Morcar and many of the exiles from Scotland, he 
could no longer in prudence delay to notice him. Having 
stationed his fleet in the Wash, that so he might blockade 



14 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

every outlet from the fens to the ocean, he distributed his forces 
by land in such a way as to render escape Avell nigh impossible. 
But safe in a retreat that seemed to be inapproachable, the 
enemy for a long time set him at defiance. A body of water, 
which in the narrowest part was more than two miles in breadth, 
surrounded and defended the fortress of the Saxons, which could 
only be got at by throwing bridges over the channels of the 
rivers, and by constructing a sohd road across the marshes. This 
work so difficult to be accompUshed, but so certain in its results 
if it could be effected, the king commenced without delay, while 
Hereward prepared himself with equal courage and conduct to 
obstruct it, dispersing the workmen by attacks so incessant and 
so multiplied, that the Normans could not account for them but 
by supposing he was helped by Satan. In compliance with his own 
superstition, or to humour the belief of his followers, William 
sought to counteract this enemy by calling to his aid a sorceress, 
whom he placed in a wooden turret at the head of his works, in 
order that she might more conveniently adapt her spells to each 
emergency. But the arch-fiend was too powerful for his adver- 
sary, and enabled his protege Hereward to burn the enchantress 
and her guards, wdth the turret in wliich they had taken refuge. 
Undaunted by the fate of this unlucky ally, William still per- 
sisted in his attempts to reach the island-fortress. At length it 
was apparent that he would soon accomplish his object in spite 
of the gallant resistance of the Saxons, and these, finding that 
they could no longer hope to defend themselves, voluntarily sub- 
mitted to his mercy. Hereward alone retained his courage. He 
fled across the marshes into the woods, but it was only to renew 
his hostilities, and the king, either from prudence, or from a better 
feeling, sought to conciHate so gallant a foe, and ha\'ing received 
from him the oath of allegiance, allowed him to enjoy the patri- 
mony of his ancestors in quiet. To those who had surrendered, 
he was by no means so indulgent. Morcar, the Bishop of Dur- 
ham, and many others, were imprisoned for life ; some were put 



WILLIAM THE FIRST. 15 

to death ; not a few lost an eye, a hand, or foot ; and the rest 
were put to ransom, thus enabling the king to gratify at the 
same time his two predominant passions of avance and cruelty. 

He had now leisure to chastize Malcolm. Wliile his fleet 
crept along the coast, he marched his army through the Lothians, 
and reached Abernethy on the Tay, when the Scottish king, as 
abject in the presence of a powerful enemy as he had been ruth- 
less in his previous attacks upon the undefended natives, threw 
himself on the mercy of the invader. He was treated much 
better than he deserved. WilUam allowed him to retain his 
government on becoming a vassal to the Enghsh crown, in which 
character he did homage, and gave hostages for his fidelity. 

The subjugation of England was by this last act complete. 
Even Edgar the EtheUng, after a vain attempt to escape to France 
with all his treasures, submitted to William, and was poorly con- 
tent to live upon his bounty. The country presented the singular 
spectacle of a native population with a foreign monarch, foreign 
nobles, and a foreign hierarchy, a state of things which could 
only infer the most absolute tyranny on the one hand, and the 
most abject misery on the other. The Normans in a very Httle 
time became possessed of all the lands in the kingdom, and the 
Anglo-Saxon famihes of rank and wealth, were either swept ofi" 
or merged into the body of the people. 

Freed from all danger of civil insurrection, the king could 
now attend to the consolidation of his power, and the curbing of 
those, w^ho, as they had assisted him in this great conquest, were 
fully disposed to have an equal share in its benefits. Following 
in the footsteps of the Great Alfred, he ordered an exact survey 
of every hide of land in the kingdom, as an effectual means of 
checking the rapacity of his feudal retainers, when it was directed 
against the royal rights. The result of this enquiry was the 
compilation of two volumes, which were deposited in the ex- 
chequer, and which have come down to us under the title of the 
Domesday or Book of Judgment. 



16 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

In the art of taxing his people, WilHam exhibited a fertiUty of 
invention that has not been surpassed by the best of modern 
financiers. Under the name of relief and aids, he levied heavy 
contributions upon his military tenants ; the female wards he 
sold in marriage to the highest bidder, unless they rather chose 
to purchase a freedom of choice by the payment of yet higher 
fees ; escheats and forfeitures were also a considerable source of 
revenue, while the fines paid by litigants for permission to decide 
their quarrels in the king's courts, and the mulcts imposed at 
the arbitrary will of the judges, formed a yet greater source of 
emolument to the royal coffers ; but as if all this were not 
enough to satiate his cupidity, he levied tolls at bridges, fairs, 
and markets, exacted certain customs on the export and import 
of goods, received fees, rents, and tallages, from the inhabitants 
of the burghs and ports, and lastly, re-established the dane-gelt, 
which had been abohshed by Edward the Confessor. One is 
only astonished in reading the history of the period, that his 
life was not terminated like that of his son, Rufus, a few years 
after, by the hands of some self-avenger. 

Although William had thus completely subjugated the Anglo- 
Saxons to his iron sway, he was not allowed even now, to enjoy 
his conquest in quiet. Some of his Norman retainers again 
rebelled, and when they were put down with his usual courage 
and good fortune, he had to contend with enemies in the bosom 
of his family. His sons quarrelled and waged war with each 
other no less than with himself, and his consort, Matilda, hitherto 
so faithful to him in all his fortunes, was detected assisting her 
favourite son Robert, in his rebelHon against his father. So long 
as she possessed any money to give, she freely supplied him with 
it, and when this was exhausted, she did not hesitate to sell her 
jewels for the same purpose. The French king did all in his 
power to widen the breach, and the conqueror of England had 
now to contend for the preservation of his duchy. It seemed 
too, at first, as if fortune were about to abandon her old favour- 



THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 17 

ite for one of fewer years, though of much less desert ; his 
army met with a serious reverse, and in one of those personal 
conflicts, w^herein he so much delighted, he was unhorsed and 
wounded in the sword-arm by his own son. Luckily Robert 
recognized his father's voice, for he wore his vizor down, and he 
was thus spared the commission of a great crime ; but the king, 
stung with this double defeat, would not listen to his profound 
expressions of regret, but, pronouncing a fearful malediction upon 
the rebel, mounted his horse and rode away. Reflection, how- 
ever, and the queen's entreaties, at length brought William to a 
more Christian frame of mind ; he had sufficient magnanimity to 
admire his son's success, and wrote a letter assuring him of his 
forgiveness ; and the latter, who though light and passionate, 
was not wanting in the better qualities of head and heart, threw 
himself without reserve at the feet of his father. 

No sooner had the king thus re-established peace in Nor- 
mandy, than he was re-called to England by disturbances in the 
north, and a fresh invasion of the Scots. Here again his usual 
good fortune attended him, and the remainder of his reign, 
though occasionally troubled, may be said to have passed in 
comparative repose, till the one great event which ended in his 
death. Historians have told, and the world has been contented 
to believe, that a silly jest of the French king's w^as the cause 
of his last fatal campaign. He had, it seems, grown excessively 
corpulent as he advanced in years, and in the hope of reducing 
himself within more reasonable limits, he submitted to a severe 
course of medicine, when PhiKp, wdio seldom missed an oppor- 
tunity of girding at his formidable rival, observed to his courtiers 
that the king of England w^as lying in at Rouen. Such a sar- 
casm was not likely to be long in reaching the ears of him w^hom 
it most concerned, and he who could forgive a son's rebellion 
could not forgive a very indifferent jest. Falling into a violent 
rage, he sw^ore, that " at his churching, he would set all France 
in a blaze," a vow that he faithfully kept the moment that he 

c 



18 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

could sit on horseback. Assembling his troops, he carried fire 
and sword through the French territory, and took by sur- 
prise the city of Mante, which it has been said by some, was set 
on fire in compfiance with his orders. However this may be, it 
was to him a fatal conflagration. His horse happening to tread 
upon the burning embers, started, and threw him upon the pom- 
mel of the saddle, and thus occasioned a rupture which was 
followed by fever and inflammation. In this state he was carried 
back to a house in the suburbs of Rouen, where he lingered for 
six weeks, in the full possession, however, of his faculties, and 
conversing with those about him to the last. To his son Robert, 
who was absent, he bequeathed Normandy and its dependencies, as 
being his just and natural inheritance. England he wished should 
be given to his second son, William, but as he had no other right 
to it than what he derived from his sword, he would leave it to the 
decision of God, at the same time advising him to repair to Eng- 
land, and assisting his claims by a letter addressed to Archbishop 
Lanfranc. The prince hereupon left his dying father to secure 
a throne ; and the third son, Henry, impatient at hearing no 
mention made of himself, demanded what was to be his portion. 
" Five thousands pounds of silver was the reply." — " And what 
use can I have for the money," exclaimed the disappointed heir, 
"if I have not a home to live in?" — "Be patient," said the 
king ; " and thou shalt inherit the fortunes of both thy bro- 
thers." The affectionate prince hastened to the treasury as his 
brother had done to England. 

The king's last hour was now rapidly approaching. It was 
early in the morning of the ninth of September, that he heard 
the sound of a bell, and eagerly inquired what it meant. Upon 
being informed that it tolled the hour of prime in the church of 
St. Mary, he stretched out his arms, exclaiming, " I commend 
my soul to my Lady, the mother of God, that by her holy 
prayers she may reconcile me to her Son, my Lord Jesus Christ." 
With this he expired in his sixty-third year, and after having 
reigned rather more than twenty years over England. 



WILLIAM THE FIRST. l9 

The scene that followed presents a sad commentary upon the 
text of human greatness. The knights, the nobles, the prelates, 
all abandoned the scene of death to look after their respective 
interests. The servants and inferior officers that remained, were 
just as little influenced by any kind or praiseworthy feeling. 
They plundered the house of plate, money, and jewels, — of every 
thing in short, that could be thought of the least value, and even 
stript the mighty dead, leaving the corpse upon the floor almost 
in a state of nudity. Until three o'clock in the day it remained 
unnoticed and abandoned, and then William, Archbishop of 
Rouen, ordered that it should be carried to Caen, that it might be 
buried there in the church of St. Stephen. But no one was 
found willing to undertake the office, 'till at length a country 
knight, of the name of Herlwien, caused it to be embalmed 
and conveyed to Caen. Even then the body was not suffered to 
go in quiet to the grave. The abbot and monks had come 
forth to meet it with the usual ceremonies, when a fire broke 
out, which spread rapidly through the town, and in the con- 
fusion it was again abandoned. After a time the fire subsided, 
and the monks re-commenced their interrupted service. A ser- 
mon was then preached by the Bishop of Evreux, at the end of 
which he requested, that if any one had received an injury at 
the hands of the deceased monarch, he would forgive him out of 
charity. At this unlucky appeal, a certain Anselm Fitz-Arthur, 
started up, and with a loud voice exclaimed, " This ground was 
once the floor of my father's house, which, the man, of whom 
you speak, when Duke of Normandy, seized by violence, to 
found thereon this religious edifice. This he did not by igno- 
rance or oversight, or by any necessity of state, but to satisfy his 
covetous desires. I therefore, challenge this ground as my 
right ; and do here charge you, as you will answer it before the 
fearful face of Almighty God, that the body of the spoiler be 
not covered with the earth of my inheritance." The challenger 
then produced witnesses to the fact, and their testimony being 

c 2 



20 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

allowed, the prelates and nobles there present, gave him three 
pounds for the place of burial, \Ndth an undertaking that he 
should receive compensation for the damage done to him. This 
promise was afterwards made good by Prince Henry, to the 
amount of a hundred pounds. 

From many accounts, it appears that the stature of William 
far exceeded that of ordinary men, though by some this has 
been denied, but all agree in attributing to him an unusual 
degree of strength. The monks of the day have handed him 
down to us as a religious prince, because he prayed devoutly, 
built cathedrals, and endowed monasteries ; but his religion did 
not prevent him from maiming, burning, plundering, or from 
destroying the habitations of the people for the better enjoy- 
ment of his favourite pastime, hunting. Sixty-eight forests, 
besides parks and chases, in various parts of England, were in- 
sufficient to gratify this passion, and therefore, thirty-six square 
miles of a rich and populous district were converted into a 
wilderness, and the inhabitants expelled from house and home, 
that the royal saint might have a more ample space for his diver- 
sion. This ground lay between Winchester and the sea-coast, 
and still bears the name of the New Forest. Ambition, pride, 
avarice, and cruelty, were his chief characteristics, while, unfor- 
tunately for the age in which he hved, he had talents that made 
his people feel the full weight of such evil quaUties. At the 
same time it must be owned that this picture has a brighter side, 
and one that has too often dazzled historians by its brilUance. 
William was brave, sagacious, at times even magnanimous, and 
far above the vices of a vulgar voluptuary. If he respected the 
church, he never submitted to its encroachments, but compelled 
the priesthood to a severe decency of manners, and steadily 
opposed the attempted usurpation of the Papal See. His laws 
gave legal rights to the rustic population and mitigated their 
bondage, and even his constant determination of suppressing the 
power of his great barons, tended not a little to the subsequent 



WILLIAM THE FIRST. 



21 



Welfare and freedom of England, though with no such intention 
on his part. To raise a power that might assist in controuhng 
them, he promoted the emancipation of the servile, and encour- 
aged the burghers of the towns, and by these acts was unconsci- 
ously sowing the germs of national independence. His virtues 
were no doubt pre-eminently his own, and perhaps we shall not 
do any great wrong to truth, if we attribute much of his acknow- 
ledged evil to the circumstances in which he was placed, A 
conqueror can scarcely be other than a tyrant. 




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JLLIAM RUFUS, or the Red, as he was 
called from his florid complexion, was 
favoured by a concurrence of circum- 
stances in his attempt upon the English 
crown. The indolence of his elder brother, 
Duke Robert, his own personal activity, and 
the custom of the land, which made the throne in a great measure 
elective, all tended to facilitate liis enterprize ; and when he made 
his appearance in England, supported by his father's recommenda- 
tory letter to Lanfranc, he met ^dth little difficulty in attaining 
the prize of royalty, and in three weeks from his father's death, 
the crown was placed upon his head. Robert, however, though 
in his usual spirit of tardiness he had thus allowed his brother 
to get the start of him, was persuaded by his friends to claim the 
throne as his right, and Odo, the most active of these advisers, 
lost no time in raising up a party to support his pretensions. 
With this view he had sailed at once to England, leaving Robert 
behind in Normandy, to collect what forces he could, and follow 
as soon as possible. Many of the Norman barons joined Odo 
without hesitation, but this was far from advancing the cause of 
Robert with the English, whowere only too glad to get a king 



M'lLLIAM THE SECOND. 23 

unconnected with hated Normandy. Hence they Usteiled readily 
to the promises of WilHam, and flocked from all sides to his 
banners, and the rather that they had thus an opportunity of 
avenging themselves upon a large portion of their oppressors. 
If anytliing had been wanted to strengthen this veiy natural 
feeling, it was to have been found in the conduct of Odo's asso- 
ciates, who having fortified their castles, issued forth from them 
as occasion served, like wolves from their dens, to ravage and 
lay waste the neighbouring country. Acts like these bound the 
Anglo-Saxons strongly to the cause of William, and powerful as 
the faction was, he was enabled by their help to defeat its utmost 
eiforts, diiving Odo and many of his adherents to take refuge 
in Pevensey, where he awaited with impatience the coming of 
Duke Robert. Thither the king pursued him without delay, 
and after a six weeks' siege compelled him to surrender, life and 
liberty being granted to him upon condition that he should give 
up Rochester Castle, which he had entrusted to the care of Eus- 
tace, Earl of Boulogne, with a garrison of five hundred knights. 
This agreement he subsequently attempted to evade, but the 
king was again successful. Pestilence thinned the ranks of the 
besieged, and they were only too glad to obtain their lives at the 
hands of the conqueror, a boon which was extorted from him 
with no little difficulty by the Norman lords in his service. Odo 
slunk away pursued by the execrations of the English, who, 
as he ran the gauntlet of their ranks, muttered in his ears the 
ominous word of " halter and gallows." Duke Robert had thus 
lost by his own indolence all chance of possessing himself of the 
throne ^of England, and a peace was shortly aftei-v^^ards con- 
cluded between the two brothers under the mediation of the 
French monarch. Here again the policy of William triumphed 
over his credulous adversary ; he retained possession of the cas- 
tles he had conquered in Normandy, stipulated that Edgar the 
Etheling should be divested of his estates, and persuaded Robert 
to assist in driving out of the land their brother Henry, of whose 



24 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

talents they both were jealous. The siege of St. Michel, the 
last stronghold of this young prince, was distinguished by an 
event, on which the old chroniclers have dwelt with pecuUar 
dehght, as illustrative of the high chivalric feehngs of the Red 
King. By some accident he was alone one day, when he saw at 
a distance a small party of knights, belonging to the hostile fac- 
tion. Without hesitation he charged them, but in the shock 
was beaten from the saddle, and, unable to extricate his foot from 
the stirrup, he was dragged along for some time by his horse 
that had been wounded and was rendered ungovernable by the 
pain. In the moment of his release from this peril, one of his 
adversaries came up with him and had his sword raised to des- 
patch him, when the fallen monarch exclaimed, " Hold, fellow ; I 
am the King of England." And by this declaration the knights 
raised him from the ground and helped him to a fresh horse. 
" Which of you was it," demanded the king, as he vaulted into 
the saddle, " which of you was it that struck me down?" The 
man came forw ard, and, confessing the deed, apologized for it on 
the score of his not having known the royal person. " Make 
no excuses," replied the chivalrous monarch, "you are a brave 
and worthy knight ; henceforth you shall fight under my ban- 
ner." 

It is a pity that such a character should have been tarnished 
by the meanness of duplicity and falsehood. But when Robert 
claimed the fulfilment of his solemn promises, he persisted in his 
evasions, till the latter despatched his heralds to England, to re- 
nounce his friendship and declare him a false and perjured knight. 
Stung by this charge, so openly made in the presence of his own 
court, William passed over into Normandy, to defend his honour 
before the barons who had witnessed the treaty, and were bound 
by oath to see it punctually fulfilled. These were twenty-four 
in number, twelve having been chosen by either side, and all, as 
the result proved, resolved to give an impartial judgment, even 
though it should be in favour of the Aveaker party. Their dcci- 



WILLIAM THE SECOND. 25 

sion proved in favour of Robert, who was clearly in the right, 
when William, disregarding every feeling of equity, appealed from 
the judgment he had courted to the sword. If, how^ever, he was 
deficient in honour, he was by no means so in military talent, 
and success attended him in the field, till the French king was 
induced to throw his weight into the opposite scale. Finding 
himself thus overmatched he had recourse to his usual expedient 
of bribery, and purchased the retreat of Philip with the sum of 
ten thousand pounds, ingeniously extracted from his soldiers. 
He had obtained in England a levy of twenty thousand men, but 
when they were drawn up on the beach for the purpose of em- 
barkation, he issued orders that each should pay down ten shil- 
lings for the royal use, and march back home again. In truth, their 
aid was not needed when the French king had withdrawn his aid, 
and so little was Robert to be feared, thus left to fight his own 
battles single-handed, that William returned to England. 

It was about this period that the spirit of the Crusades, which 
had seemed to slumber for awhile, woke again with renewed 
vigour. The emperor of Constantinople trembled for his city ; 
the patriarch of Jerusalem was impatient under the Mahommedan 
yoke ; and both, by letter, urged Pope Urban the Second, who 
then filled the papal chair, to rouse Europe to their assistance. 
To these demands the Pope lent a willing ear ; in the council of 
Clermont he proposed a fresh crusade for the recovery of the 
Holy Land, and though the attempt must in any case be attended 
with the slaughter of thousands, the proposal was received by the 
whole assembly as an immediate inspiration from heaven itself. 
The high and chivalrous spirit of Duke Robert was excited by 
the enthusiasm that was leading away so many others. He 
burned to join the ranks of the crusaders, but not having the 
means of appearing in a manner corresponding mth his rank, he 
had recourse to his brother, and offered to sell him the govern- 
ment of his dominions during five years for the sum of ten thou- 
sand marks. This bargain was too tempting to be refused by 



26 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

the politic and ambitious William, yet he found the means of 
gratifying his insatiable appetite for power without paying for it 
from his own resources, a drawback that would have materially 
diminished his satisfaction. CaUing together a great council, he 
laid before them the duke's briUiant offer, and, pleading his own 
poverty, appealed to their generosity for assistance. The barons of 
course were duly sensible of the king's difficulty, but, being to the 
full as piiident as they were loyal, they in turn appealed, though 
in a more peremptory style, to their tenants, who had no means 
of evading a compliance with the will of their masters, under 
whatever name it might come disguised, and thus in reality the 
required sum was extorted from the people. 

William lost no time in taking possession of his purchase. By 
the Normans he was received, if not with good will, yet at least 
without opposition. Not so the Manceaux, whose fealty had 
been claimed by Robert upon very weak grounds, and who had 
only been brought by conquest under his subjection. They re- 
fused to be thus sold and disposed of by one whose authority 
they had never willingly allowed, and now rejected the new claim- 
ant in favour of Helie de la Fleche, the nephew of the last earl, 
Herbert. Unfortunately for this youthful aspirant, he was made 
prisoner by Robert Talavau, wliile riding abroad one day with a 
small retinue, totally inadequate to compete with those who had 
thus surprized him, and although his Uege lord, Falk, hastened 
to the assistance of his vassal in this dilemma, he was at last glad 
to obtain his liberty by pelding up his rights. He would then 
fain have entered into the service of William, but being rejected, 
he is said to have indignantly exclaimed, " If you will not have 
me for a friend, you shall learn to fear me as an enemy." 

"Knave!" replied William, to whose heart fear was a stranger; 
" I give you leave to do all that you can ; and by the face of St. 
Luke, if you should conquer me, I will ask nothing of you for 
this Icnitv" 

Helie kept liis word. The next summer he defeated the Nor- 



WILLIAM THE SECOND. 27 

mans and surprised Mans, the inhabitants of which city acknow- 
ledged him for earl, and the garrison, being closely besieged in 
the castle, was soon reduced to extremities. Tidings of these 
events were brought to the king while hunting in the New Forest. 
Without waiting to collect his troops, or indeed to make the 
slightest preparation, he rode off to the sea-shore, exclaiming to 
those about him, " Let those that love me follow." A heavy gale 
was blowing at the time, but to the remonstrances of the mariners 
who pointed out the danger of the passage at such a season, he 
only replied in the same spirit that had been shown by Caesar 
many centuries before, "Hold thypeace; kings are never drowned." 
The next day he landed at Barfleur, and so speedy was his ad- 
vance, that Helie had scarcely time to save himself by a speedy 
flight, when, having ravaged the hostile lands after the usual 
fasliion of all conquerors, he returned to England. 

Wliile pursuing the train of these events, we have been kept 
from noticing the affairs of England, in relation to the neigh- 
bouring country of Scotland. Malcolm had taken advantage of 
the feud between the two brothers, to make his customary in- 
roads, regardless of treaties, or of any thing except the favourable 
opportunity of plunder. But when the king had again got his 
hands free, by a reconciliation with the duke, the face of matters 
was speedily changed. He advanced into Scotland, and though 
his fleet was dispersed in a storm, his cavalry traversed the Lo- 
thians, while the Scots retreated, if they did not fly, before him, 
till they seemed inclined to make a final stand on the banks of 
the great river, which they designated as " the water." By the 
mediation of Robert, a hollow peace w^as patched up between the 
belligerents, Malcolm submitting to do homage to the English 
king, and to render him the same services he had before rendered 
to the Conqueror. In requital, William gave the Scot twelve 
manors, and a yearly pension of twelve marks of gold, being in 
fact no more than he had previously enjoyed from the liberality 
or the prudence of his fother. Edgar the Etheling also had his 



28 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

share of benefit from this convention. He was allowed to revisit 
England, and by his judicious conduct soon obtained a place of 
distinction in the court of William. 

It was not long before a fresh cause of quarrel arose between 
the monarchs. In pursuance of his father's policy, the English 
king had long been in the habit of possessing himself of the 
strongholds in his kingdom, and it now chanced that Carlisle at- 
tracted his attention, which was then held by one of his powerful 
barons. Him he expelled, and, having peopled the city with a 
colony of Englishmen from the southern districts, he built a castle 
for their protection, much to the indignation of Malcolm, who 
saw in this new fortress an effectual check upon his future inroads. 
A quarrel arose ; the Scottish king was summoned to attend his 
feudal lord at Gloucester, but when, in obedience to tliis order, 
he arrived there, he found himself forbidden the royal presence, 
till such time as he would consent to plead his cause before the 
English barons, and abide by their judgment. This demand, 
though strictly in accordance wdth feudal custom, was indignantly 
rejected by the Scotch king. Returning with all speed to his 
own country, he collected his retainers, and burst with fire 
and sword into Northumberland, where the Scotch army was 
surprized, and he himself, as well as his son Edward, perished in 
the conflict that ensued. So complete was the route that few 
escaped from the field, and of those the greater part was drowned 
in the Alme and the Tweed. William thus acquired the power, 
if not the right, of interfering in the internal affairs of Scotland, 
and, with his aid the Etheling placed his nephew Edgar on the 
throne, and restored to their former honours the children of his 
sister Margaret. 

In his attacks upon the liberty of the Welshmen, the English 
king was much less fortunate. The rugged nature of the country 
set the Norman cavalry at defiance, and after two campaigns, 
from which he derived Uttle honour and less profit, he was fain 
to content himself with di'awing a line of defensive fortresses about 
the land he was unable to subdue. 



WILLIAM THE SECOND, 29 

Nor was William free from molestation on the part of his 
barons. They had been kept under by the strong hand of the 
Conqueror, and the present king was by no means wanting to 
himself in following out the sagacious example of his father ; 
but the barons were too powerful and too fond of arms to re- 
main quiet for long together. It is true that in the end they 
were invariably defeated, yet the defeat of one was seldom found 
to operate as an adequate warning to others, and hence this reign 
resembles in many of its leading points the preceding one, al- 
though with infinitely diminished lustre. Like his father, William 
was greedy of wealth, and as one mode of gratifying this passion 
he laid claims to all the vacant prelacies as fiefs escheated to the 
crown. No sooner was a rich incumbent dead than he took 
possession of the church's property, which he sold to the high- 
est bidder, or retained for years in his own hands, appropriating 
to himself the annual revenue. In vain the clergy protested 
against this encroachment upon their rights ; their voices were 
feeble when opposed to avarice and power united, till at last the 
king fell dangerously ill, and the probable approach of death be- 
gan to fill him with a very natural disquietude. He invited to 
the side of his sick bed the celebrated Anselm, and moved by his 
own fears no less than the prayers of the venerable man he pro- 
mised a thorough change of conduct in the event of his recovery. 
He would repair the wrongs he had done, so far at least as lay in 
his power, he would restore the church's property, he would for- 
give all offences committed against himself, and for the future he 
would rule like a just and upright monarch. But alas for the 
old proverb : 

" When the devil was sick, the devil a monk would be ; 
When the devil got well, the devil a monk was he." 

William recovered and speedily forgot all his fine promises. 
His court became more and more licentious every day, and he even 
refused to marry that he might indulge his passions with less 
restraint. Wliat was yet worse for his future fame he again be- 



30 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

came embroiled with the church, which in those days had the 
monopoly of historical record, and seemed to employ two dif- 
ferent coloured inks, into which it dipt its pen according to the 
greater or less degree of devotion in the person to be described. 
Yet making every allowance for the exaggeration which is always 
unavoidable when the injured party can tell his tale without any 
fear of reply, it must still be admitted that his aggressions upon 
the property of his clergy did him little credit, although few at 
this time of day will feel inclined to censure him for his resolute 
refusal to acknowledge the papal authority within his dominions. 
To the honour of the clergy it should be added that few of them 
were inclined to side with their metropolitan, Anselm, in his 
scheme to raise the papal power above that of the king to whom 
they had sworn allegiance. As a last resource, the defeated pre- 
late had recourse to Rome, but the time was not yet come when 
an English archbishop could place his foot on the neck of his king 
by the help of a Roman pontiff. So little regard did William 
pay to his threats, that he allowed him to set out upon his pil- 
grimage of rebellion, and then sequestered all his lands and pro- 
perty, a striking instance of the reHgious independence of that 
period, as contrasted with the story of some succeeding reigns. 
In fact the contest between the church and monarchy had only 
just commenced. Men's minds were not as yet prepared to re- 
ceive the doctrines of passive obedience to the hierarchy, though 
in the end the superior craft as well as knowledge of the priest- 
hood enabled it to enlist the ignorant people on their side, and 
thus for many years subdue the wisest and boldest monarchs to 
their authority. 

The end of William's career was now fast approaching. It is 
said by the old chroniclers that rumours of some violent catas- 
trophe had long been rife among the people, and if the tale be 
really true, we may with good reason infer a foregone intention 
of evil, which must have emanated from some fanatics or from 
some one among the discontented Norman nobles. The people at 



WILLIAM THE SECOND. 31 

large had little reason to complain of William, according to the 
notions of monarchy then existing. A single fact would lead to 
the suspicion that the assassination was plotted by the clergy, or, 
to limit the accusation w^ithin reasonable bounds, to one or more 
of their body, who from interest or fanaticism would be most 
hostile to the king's life. The event alluded to is this. Before 
sunrise on the first of August Fitz Hamen entered his chamber, 
and related to him the vision of a foreign monk, which was in- 
terpreted into a presage of calamity to himself personally. He 
endeavoured to laugh it off, saying, " The dreamer was a monk, 
and for the sake of money had dreamed like a monk. Give 
him a hundred shilHngs." But notwithstanding this show of in- 
difference, it was evident the tale had made a deep impression 
upon his mind. He gave up his intended hunting for the day, 
devoted the morning to business, and at dinner endeavoured to 
drown all recollection of the ominous story by a free indulgence in 
the pleasures of the table. The wane did its usual good office ; 
his spirits rose, and he w^nt out into the New Forest to hunt 
as usual, and about sunset was found by his attendants weltering 
in his blood. How was it that the king chanced to be thus 
deserted by all his followers, and who was it that shot the fatal 
arrow ? It was said at the time, and has since been repeated by 
some credulous historians, that an arrow shot from the bow of 
Walter Tyrrel, a French knight, glanced from a tree and pierced 
his breast. But this glancing arrow is in itself no very probable 
tale, and it is rendered yet more doubtful by the subsequent 
denial of Tyrrel at a time when he had nothing to hope or fear 
from confession. He solemnly affirmed upon oath that he had 
never seen the king on the day of his death, nor entered that 
part of the forest in which he fell, and while we can see no cause 
for such an affirmation unless it were true, we can easily under- 
stand why the real assassins should lay the deed to the accidental 
fault of one who on that very day had chanced to leave the 
country. 



32 



THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 



Thus fell William Rufus after a reign of twelve years ; the 
vengeance of the priesthood followed him even beyond this life, 
for though they could not well refuse a grave to their monarch 
in Winchester cathedral, they chose to mark their unrelenting 
enmity by denying his obsequies the usual religious rites. The 
heathen poet has said, " Let the earth cover and protect its 
dead ;" the divine command enjoins universal charity and forgive- 
ness ; the priests of those days wrote their undying vindictiveness 
on the tomb itself. 



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ENRY, although the yo\nigest son of the 
Conqueror, obtained the throne by the ex- 
ercise of the same activity which had given 
it to WiUiam Rufus, to the exclusion of their 
elder brother, Duke Robert. The latter had 
distinguished himself in the Holy Land, and 
was now" upon his way home, but whether from his natural want 
of energy, or in ignorance of the prize that fortune had thus 
placed within his reach by the death of William, he wasted the 
time in Apuha. While he was here employed in woomg his fu- 
ture bride, Sibylla, Henry had attended to his interest in England, 
and in three days only after the death of Rufus he was crowned 
at Westminster. The friends of Robert had indeed attempted to 
make good his claims, but they had not been able to prevent the 
coronation of his more enterprizing younger brother, which was 
performed by Maurice, Bishop of London, in the absence of the 
primate, Anselm, who, as we have already seen, had betaken 
himself to Rome, to incite the pontiff against his monarch. 

The claims of Henry to the throne being so weakly grounded, 
he was fain to endeavour at conciliating the people, and, what 
was then of much more importance, the clergy. He recalled 

D 



34 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

Anselm, and published a charter of Hberties, of which, that it 
might be known to all, he caused copies to be sent to every 
county and deposited in the principal monasteries. The con- 
ditions of this instrument were of the utmost importance, and 
only required to be as fairly fulfilled as they were wisely conceived, 
to have ensured the lasting welfare of the nation. By it, says 
the elegant and accompHshed historian, Lingard, he " restored 
to the church its ancient immunities, and promised neither to sell 
the vacant benefices, nor to let them out to farm, nor to retain 
them in his own possession for the benefit of his exchequer, nor 
to raise tollages on their tenants. 2. He granted to all his barons 
and immediate vassals, (and required that they should make the 
same concession to theu tenants) that they might dispose by will 
of their personal property ; that they might give their daughters 
and female relatives in marriage without fee or impediment, pro- 
vided the intended husband were not his enemy; that for breaches 
of the peace and other deUnquencies, they should not be placed 
at the king's mercy, as in the days of his father and brother, but 
should be condemned in the sums assigned by the Anglo-Saxon 
laws ; that their heirs should pay the customary reliefs for the 
livery of their lands, and not the arbitrary compensations which had 
been exacted by his two predecessors ; that heiresses should not be 
compelled by the king to marry wdthout the consent of the barons ; 
that widows should retain their dowers, and not be given in mar- 
riage against their will ; and that the wardship of minors should, 
together with the custody of their lands, be committed to their 
mothers or nearest relations. To the nation at large he promised 
to put in force the laws of Edward the Confessor, as they had 
been amended and published by his father ; to levy no moneyage, 
which had not been paid in the Saxon times ; and to punish with 
severity the coiners and vendors of fight monies. He exempted 
from the Dane-gelt the demesne lands of all his military tenants, 
forgave all fines due to the exchequer, and the pecuniary mulcts 
for murder before his coronation ; and ordered, under the heaviest 



HENRY THE FIRST. 35 

penalties, reparation to be made for all injustices committed in 
consequence of the death of his brother." 

From many of the clauses in this celebrated charter, we may 
infer the comparative mildness and equity of the Anglo-Saxon 
laws, as well as the oppressive nature of the feudal institutions, 
the lingering remnants of which in the present day are the real 
source of the struggle that is going on amidst the various classes, 
and threatening eventually changes of yet greater magnitude and 
importance. 

If the circumstances under which Henry ascended the throne 
were highly beneficial to his subjects, so also was it to their ad- 
vantage that, instead of being brought up as princes usually are, 
he had been educated in the more profitable school of adversity. 
Imprisoned after his father's death by one brother, besieged and 
driven out of Normandy by both, he had learnt at an early age 
to think and act for himself, and if, up to this time, he had not 
been particularly remarkable for the practice of the severer vir- 
tues, he had at least become familiar with difficulty and danger, 
and had acquired that most useful part of king-craft, a thorough 
insight into human nature. Originally gifted with a superior 
intellect and a strong bias towards learning, these quahties had 
been fostered by the Conqueror, who, at early age, had perceived 
and admired his son's promise, and they were ripened into excel- 
lence by the subsequent events, which afforded ample leisure for, 
while they gave encouragement to, study. In addition to this he 
was in the very prime of life when he grasped at the English 
sceptre, being in his thirty-second year. 

The commencement of his reign was signalized by a sudden 
self-reform, of the same kind as that which has made Henry the 
Fifth so famous. Up to this period his morals had been scarcely 
less questionable than those of his brothers, but now, either from 
prudence or a higher motive, he discarded his mistresses, and drove 
ft'om his court the Falstaffs and other licentious characters, who 
found it more congenial to them to imitate the king in his old vices 

D 2 



36 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

than in his new reform. Neither did he forget to conciUate the 
church; while he imprisoned the notorious Flambard, whose 
conduct disgraced his order, he recalled Archbishop Anselm by- 
letters expressive of the strongest esteem and regard. What, 
perhaps, yet more gratified the nation, he married Matilda or 
Maud, the daughter of Malcolm, king of Scotland, by Margaret, 
the sister of Edgar the Ethehng. Her descent from the Anglo- 
Saxon line endeared her to the people at large, and thus gave 
stabihty to his throne ; but though it was a marriage so agreeable 
to all parties, it had well nigh been shipwrecked in the very out- 
set by objections drawn from the ecclesiastical law. In her child- 
hood she had been entrusted to the care of her aunt, Christina, 
Abbess of Wilton, who had made her wear the veil and mingle 
wdth the nuns, a usual mode of protection in those days against 
the brutal licentiousness of the Norman soldiery. Advantage 
was taken of this circumstance by the more bigoted of the clergy, 
or by the enemies of Henry, to declare that she was no longer 
free to marry, but the youthful bride pleaded her cause before the 
monkish Anselm in language that proved irresistible; — " I do 
not," she said, " deny that I have worn the veil ; for when 1 was 
a child, my friend Christina put a black cloth on my head to 
presei've me from outrage ; and when I used to throw it oflf, she 
would torment me both with harsh blows and indecent re- 
proaches. Sighing and trembling I have worn it in her presence; 
but, as soon as I could withdraw from her sight, I always threw 
it on the ground and trampled it under my feet. When my fa- 
ther once saw me in it, he tore it from me in a great rage, and 
execrated the person who had put it on me." The statement 
thus simply and forcibly given could not be impugned, and the 
objection was over-ruled, in conformity with a prior decision of 
Archbishop Lanfranc on a similar occasion. 

It has already been related how the notorious Flambard had 
been committed to the Tower by Henry immediately upon his 
accession. Here he managed to live in the enjoyment of every 



HENRY THE FIRST. 37 

luxury, and contrived by playing the boon companion, to in- 
gratiate himself with those who had him in safe keeping. At 
length, about the beginning of February, he eluded their vigi- 
lance, and made his escape by means of a rope that had been 
sent to him concealed in a pitcher of wine. As was gene- 
rally his custom, his keepers were invited to dine with him, 
and induced to drink freely 'till a late hour in the evening. 
In this state they retired to rest, and, when all were buried in 
profound sleep under the influence of wine, he descended through 
the window by the help of the rope, and was hastily conducted 
by his friends to the sea-coast. Hence it was no difficult matter 
for him to cross over into Normandy, and once safely arrived 
there, he lost no time in rousing the torpid Robert into action. 
Stimulated by such a councillor, the Duke hastened to summon 
his feudal retainers to his banner for a second invasion of Eng- 
land ; nor on this occasion had he had any reason to complain 
of their want of energy or obedience ; like the war-horse in that 
sublime passage of scripture, they scented the carnage in the 
distance and were eager enough for the battle, which was to 
desolate a countiy and make thousands of mourners. Some few 
too of the Norman barons in England espoused his cause, but 
the natives remained faithful to Henry, who had granted them 
much, and was now ready to promise more that he might secure 
their allegiance in the hour of danger. What was scarcely of 
less importance, Anselm was the strenuous advocate of his cause, 
and even threatened to excommunicate the invaders if they did 
not forego their purpose. The fears, or the prudence, of either 
faction led to a friendly meeting before they got to blows, 
when fortunately for the people the regal competitors got to 
terms, and an adjustment was made, in virtue of which Robert 
renounced all claim to the throne of England, on consideration 
of his receiving a yearly pension of three thousand marks, the 
cession of all tlie castles possessed by William in Normandy, 
with the exception of Damfront, and the revocation of the sen- 



38 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

tence of forfeiture pronounced by William against his adherents. 
It was soon however seen that the king was anything but sin- 
cere in making this treaty. Under one pretence or another he 
contrived to get rid of all the disaffected nobles, and when 
Robert came over in person to plead the cause of one of the 
most powerful, the ferocious Earl of Shrewsbury, who had al- 
ways been devoted to his cause, he received him, it is true, with 
smiles, but he did not the less make a prisoner of him. Nor 
would he release his victim 'till he had resigned his pension, 
which, to save the honour of both parties, was converted from 
the cowardly surrender of a right, into a free-will gift to Queen 
Matilda, a mere exchange of terms, which could deceive no one. 
This led to the renewal of hostilities the moment Robert had 
got his liberty ; and fortune, as is too often the case, favouring 
the worse cause, Henry defeated his brother under the walls of 
Tenchebrai, and, having again made a prisoner of him, sent him 
over to England, where he remained in confinement 'till the 
hour of his death. The dukedom of Normandy thus became 
once more an appendage to the English crown, an union which 
perhaps was little to the advantage of either country, however 
it might gratify the personal ambition of the monarch. It led 
to continual wars, which bore the name of rebellion on the one 
hand, and of resistance to usurpation on the other, for scarcely 
a year passed without some feud between Henry and the Nor- 
man nobles, either for the extension or the maintenance of his 
territories. At the same time it must be allowed that however 
he might obtain his power, he used it well and wisely, for so 
strict was he in administering the law, that he obtained from the 
grateful admiration of his people, the honourable title of the 
Lion of Justice. The most potent of the barons were gradually 
brought under subjection to the law, and England enjoyed more in- 
ternal quiet than she had done since the first hour of the Conquest. 
The churchmen indeed, were far from joining in this popular 
regard for the monarch ; they would fain have wrested from his 



HENRY THE FIRST. 39 

strong and tenacious grasp, the right of nomination to the spi- 
ritual fiefs as they became vacant ; but they might as well 
have attempted to tear his prey from the hungry lion. To under- 
stand this matter thoroughly it will be necessary to travel back 
a little. 

In early times the election of bishops had for the most part 
depended on the suffrage of the provincial prelates, as well as 
the united testimony of the clergy and people. By slow degrees, 
the traces of which are no longer evident, the monarchs con- 
trived to assimilate the ecclesiastical tenure to the lay holding of 
property, assuming to themselves the right of approving the 
prelate elect, and compelling him to swear fealty like any knight 
or baron, and do homage as to his superior lord. By degrees, 
they went a step farther ; from approving the abbot or bishop 
when elected, they came to nominate him, and invested him 
accordingly with the ring and crosier, the accepted emblems of 
episcopal and abbatial functions. However necessary this power 
might be to the sovereign in order to prevent the introduction of 
his enemies into places so full of influence, and therefore so 
dangerous to him, as the higher officers of the church, the 
ecclesiastics in general viewed the exercise of it with great 
jealousy. For more than half a century, council after council 
had endeavoured to wrest this important privilege from the Eng- 
lish monarchs, but the latter as yet, proved too strong for them, 
and in spite of all the efforts of Archbishop Anselm, Pope 
Paschal II. in this reign was forced to enter into a compromise 
upon the subject, which though it might in some measure save 
his honour whole, left Henry in possession of the substance. It 
was agreed that as fealty and homage were civil duties, they 
should be exacted from every priest before entering upon his 
temporalities ; while as the ring and crosier denoted spiritual 
jurisdiction, to which the king admitted he had no claim, the 
collation of those emblems was suppressed. The right of nomi- 
nation, which after all was the real bone of contention, and the 



40 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

only thing worth contending for, he retained, with a promise 
that he would not appropriate to himself the revenues of the 
vacant benefices. Some historians have said that he w^as not 
very nice about violating this promise when it suited him to do 
so. But when were pledges, extorted by necessity, ever kept 
when that necessity had ceased ? 

The complete subjugation of Normandy to his rule must have 
satisfied the ambition of Henry, if it were ever in the nature of" 
ambition to be satisfied. He had crushed all his foes in that 
country, and had even obtained that the investiture of the 
duchy should be granted to his son William, by wdiich measure 
he had given stability to his conquest. This, however, was the 
work of four years' absence from England, whither he now 
resolved to return in triumph, and rest upon the laurels he had 
so hardly, as well as honourably, acquired. If war could ever 
be a fitting theme for our admiration, it would be in times like 
these, when its horrors were softened and its character ele- 
vated by the chivalrous spirit of the combatants, a feehng which 
oddly enough contrasts with the general barbarity of the age. 
The number of the slain in these chivalric encounters, was for 
the most part so exceedingly small, as to sound ridiculous in the 
ears of those who have the slightest acquaintance with the re- 
sults of modern warfare. It was a trial of strength, skill, and 
courage, and the object of each knight was less to slay his 
adversary than to capture him ; and yet with all this refinement 
of courtesy was mingled a barbarity that was at times revolting, 
and at others merely ridiculous. Thus while on the one hand, 
we are shocked at reading how Henry's daughter, Juliana, de- 
fended the castle of Breteuil against the royal forces, and deli- 
berately aimed an arrow at the breast of her father, we are no 
less disgusted at his mode of punishing the intended parricide, 
whose sex should have exempted her from public degradation. 
" He closed the gate," says the elegant historian, " removed the 
draw-bridge, and sent her a peremptory order to quit the castle 



HENRY THE FIRST. 41 

immediately. Juliana was obliged to let herself down without 
assistance from the rampart into the broad moat, which sur- 
rounded the fortress, and to wade through the water, which rose 
to her waist. At each step she had to break the ice, and to 
suffer the taunts and ridicule of the soldiers, who were drawn 
out to witness this singular spectacle." But the events, which 
had led to an exhibition so ludicrously disgraceful, were of a 
nature almost too horrible for repetition. The husband of this 
unfortunate daughter, Eustace, Lord of Breteuil, had soUcited 
the grant of a strong fortress within the ducal demesne, and the 
king, unwilling to offend him by a positive refusal, and yet sus- 
picious of his fidelity, demanded his own grand-daughters as 
hostages for his son-in-law's fidelity. At the same time it was 
agreed that the son of Harenc, the governor of the castle, should 
be delivered up to Eustace, as a pledge for the cession of the 
place when the war was ended. From some cause that does not 
appear in the old chronicles, Eustace became suspicious or dis- 
satisfied, and, regardless of the safety of his own hostages, or 
presuming on the king's paternal feelings, he tore out the eyes 
of the boy entrusted to him, and sent him back in that state to 
his father. That Harenc should be filled with resentment at this 
barbarous act and apply to Henry for vengeance is natural 
enough, and will to most seem pardonable ; but what are we to 
say of the king, who could forget that the daughters of Eustace 
were his own grandchildren, and advise Harenc to retaliate upon 
them the injury he had received from the father ? The catas- 
trophe is almost too cruel for repetition. Neither their youth 
nor their sex availed to soften the ferocious spirit of the gover- 
nor, who glutted his revenge by rooting out their eyes and cut- 
ting off their noses ; and, if anything were wanting to the tale 
of horror, the king, their grandfather, actually loaded the monster 
with presents, and sent him back to his command. The histo- 
rian of mankind must often pause in his drear}^ task to ask 
himself if by some mistake he has not been sitting down to the 
history of demons. 



42 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

We resume the thread of our narrative. Henry, as we have 
already observed, was now about to return in triumph to England 
after a four years' absence ; but in this, perhaps, the most bril- 
liant hour of his Hfe, avenging Nemesis was already at hand, and 
in the retribution that followed, however imperfect, the honest 
and justice-loving mind may find the same consolation that is 
felt in some artificial tale of woe when the successful oppressor 
is in his turn made to suffer. At Barfleur a Norman mariner, 
by name Fitz-Stephen, met the king, and earnestly prayed for 
the honour of conveying him back to England on board his own 
vessel, " the White Ship," which, he observed, was new, and 
manned with the ablest seamen. It was the service on which he 
held his fee, and it appeared from his statement that his father 
had carried over the Conqueror upon his first invasion of Eng- 
land. Henry, however, refused the offer on the plea that he had 
already chosen his vessel, but he consented to trust his son and 
treasures to the care of Fitz-Stephen. Accordingly the young 
prince, who was then in his eighteenth year, embarked with 
Richard and Adela, two natural children of Henry's, the Earl of 
Chester, his countess, the king's niece, sixteen other noble ladies, 
and one hundred and forty knights. Hours were spent on the 
deck in mad revel, which, about sunset, had risen to such a height 
that the more prudent deemed it advisable to return ashore, and 
William then ordered Fitz-Stephen to follow his father, who had 
sailed long ere this with the first of the tide. But the crew and 
the passengers seem to have been alike intoxicated, and the care 
of the vessel being neglected, she struck upon a rock called the 
Catteraze. The young prince was immediately lowered into a 
boat, for the vessel upon striking began to fill, and in all proba- 
bility he might have escaped ; but his sister's cries recalled him 
to the sinking ship ; the multitude poured into it, naturally eager 
to escape instant death, and very little regardful of royal safety 
when their own lives were at stake. The overloaded boat sank, 
and in a short time the vessel itself went down, dragging with it 
to the bottom at least three hundred living beings. 



HENRY THE FIRST. 43 

While this fatal event was taking place, Henry, who had ar- 
rived at Southampton, was impatiently wondering at his son's 
prolonged absence. For a long time — long in reference to such 
a calamity — no one dared to inform the king of what had hap- 
pened, till the next morning a young page flung himself at his 
feet and revealed the melancholy tidings. The pride of Henry 
made him assume a stoic indifference to the loss, but in his heart 
it was evident that he felt it all the deeper, and from that day he 
was never observed to smile. It is probable that the nation lost 
nothing by the death of a prince, whose violent and haughty youth 
gave too ominous a presage of a despotic manhood. All eyes 
were turned to the king's nephew Wilham, whose efforts to obtain 
the English throne were strongly supported by many of the Nor- 
mans, as well as by Fulk of Anjou, and only defeated by the sin- 
gular prudence and activity of his uncle. Henry, by his well- 
paid and numerous spies, had become full early acquainted with 
the intended movements of his enemies in Normandy, and sud- 
denly landing with a large body of English, he called together 
his faithful retainers, and in a few decisive encounters beat down 
all opposition for the time being. 

To compensate William for these defeats, the French king, 
Louis, bestowed on him the hand of his sister-in-law, giv- 
ing for her dowry Chaumont, Pontoise, and the Vexin ; and 
other circumstances in a short time combined to render him 
more powerful than ever. Henry again became alarmed, and to 
defeat his nephew's hopes married Adelais, the daughter of 
Geoffrey duke of Louvain, and niece to Pope Calixtus ; but when 
after three years the union had produced no issue, he determined 
to settle the crown on Maude, his daughter by a former marriage, 
who had married Heniy X. of Germany, and who by his decease 
became a widow. To this plan all the parties most concerned 
were equally opposed, himself excepted. The princess possessed 
in Germany a noble dowry, and had no mind to abandon it for a 
disputed inheritance ; the barons objected to the succession of a 



44 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

female, which in those times when a strong hand was requisite 
on the throne, and kings were of necessity soldiers, was equally 
foreign to the ideas of Englishmen and Normans. Maude, how- 
ever, pelded up her own washes to the commands of her father, 
and Henry had thus only the difficult task of reconcihng the 
most powerful of his barons to this novel scheme of succession. 
Partly by fear of his resentment, and partly by bribery and fair 
promises, a seeming consent was waning from them ; but even at 
that very time his nephew, Stephen, Earl of Boulogne, and his 
natural son Robert, Earl of Gloucester, were each in secret nou- 
rishing his own projects to dispute the throne when the death of 
the reigning monarch should leave it vacant. To secure himself 
therefore as much as possible against all contingencies, Henry 
ofFered the hand of Matilda to Geoffrey, Count of Anjou, the 
eldest son of Fulk, who had lately resigned his European states 
for the precarious throne of Jerusalem. Maude herself, as well 
as the English and Norman barons, was averse to the union, 
but he over-ruled the hesitation of the one by the despotic use 
of his paternal authority, and felt himself strong enough to 
despise the murmurs of the other, when he had by this alliance 

■ connected himself with the powerful house of Plantagenet. 
Fortune seemed well inclined to second these efforts of a prudent 
and selfish policy ; for about this time \Yilliam died, without 
issue, of a slight wound he had received in the hand from the 

, pike of a foot-soldier, which being neglected rapidly brought on 
a mortification. On his death-bed he earnestly recommended to 
his uncle's mercy the faithful friends, who had only done their 
duty in adhering to his standard, and the wise generosity of 
Henr}^ in forgi\dng them effectively won for him the hearts of the 
disaffected barons. The only draw -back to his general content- 
ment was to be found in the conduct of his son-in-laAv, the wild 
and impetuous Geoffrey, who quarrelled with his wdfe and em- 
broiled himself with Henry by the demand that Normandy should 
be ceded to him in virtue of a previous promise. Henry refused, 



HENRY THE FIRST. 45 

and hence arose a serious breach between the potent relatives, 
which was yet farther widened by the arts of Maude, who al- 
though she had borne her husband three children, Henry, 
Geoffrey, and William, yet appears to have entertained a strong 
dislike for him. 

Like all of his race since the time of the Conqueror, Henry 
was engaged in unceasing strife with the church of Rome and 
his clergy generally. As one source of profit, whenever a see 
became vacant he would keep it unoccupied for years, during 
which he appropriated to himself its revenues, and when at last 
he consented to fill it, he seldom, or never failed, to extort a 
handsome price from the new dignitary. But he devised a yet 
more doubtful mode of replenishing his exchequer. So early as 
the reign of Edgar, Saint Duns tan had endeavoured to enforce 
the celibacy of the clergy, and his example had been followed by 
Lanfranc, who in a synod held at Winchester, in 1075, resolved 
that although the village curates, who were married, might retain 
their wives, yet celibacy should be strictly imposed on the higher 
conventual clergy, while for the future a vow of continence w^as 
exacted from all candidates for the orders of deacon and priest. 
Six and twenty years afterwards the same subject was taken up by 
Archbishop Anselm, when it was enacted that every priest, deacon, 
or subdeacon should be compelled to keep the vows made at his 
ordination, and now the sagacious greediness of Henry deter- 
mined to make this canon a source of profit to himself. He 
appointed a commission to enquire into the conduct of the 
clergy, with orders that all who had transgressed in this parti- 
cular should be visited by a heavy fine. As the offenders proved 
to be too few to realize the sum expected, the intended penalty 
of guilt was changed into a general mulct upon the whole body 
of the parochial clergy, without regard to the plea of innocence. 

A far less questionable event of this reign was Henry's dis- 
pute with the church of Rome in regard to the admission of 
the papal legates. The Pope, as head of the church, contended 



46 



THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 



for his right to enquire into the state of the clergy throughout 
the Cathohc world ; on the other hand it was affirmed, that, by 
the grant of former popes, the Archbishop of Canterbury was 
entitled to be papal legate within the kingdom. A sort of com- 
promise was at length effected between the parties, but which 
left the real question as undecided as ever. 

Henry had now arrived at the end of his career. While he 
was hunting near St. Denis le Froment, he was seized with an 
acute fever, of which he died in seven days, having bequeathed his 
lands on both sides of the sea to his daughter Matilda, and her 
heirs for ever. For ever ! a fine phrase from the lips of poor 
mortality ! But it is really absurd to see how man, whose utmost 
limits seldom exceeds fourscore, presumes in his blind arro- 
gance to dictate to unborn ages, prescribing rights to the very land 
of which his own mouldering ashes have long since ceased to 
have any visible occupation. 

The bowels of the deceased monarch were deposited in the 
church of St. Mary, at Rouen, which had been founded by his 
mother, while his body was conveyed to England, and interred 
in the Abbey of Reading. 



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TEPHEN, the only monarch of that name 
who has ruled over England, now seized upon 
the crown which his uncle had so fondly 
imagined he had secured to his daughter 
Maude. He was the third of the four sons 
that Henr^'^'s sister Adela, had borne to her 
husband, the Earl of Blois. Sailing from Whitsand, he landed 
on the Kentish coast, and although repulsed from Dover 
and Canterbury, by the suspicions or foregone knowledge of 
the inhabitants, he was welcomed by the citizens of Lon- 
don, who immediately proclaimed him king. Winchester also 
was brought over to liim by the influence of the bishop, his 
brother, and here too he was joined by the Archbishop of Can- 
terbur}^, by Roger, Bishop of Sarum, and by William de Pont 
d'Arche, who surrendered to him the keys of the castle and of 
the royal treasures. A Uttle casuistiy, such as is usually sup- 
plied in these cases, absolved him as well as others, from the 
previous oath of allegiance to Matilda, while if the primate felt 
any scruple, it was removed at once by the ready oath of Ralph 
Bigod, the household steward, who swore that Henry on his 
death-bed had'disinherited Matilda, and left his crown to Stephen. 



48 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

By the advice of these adherents, the new monarch at once pro- 
ceeded to his coronation, though neither prelates nor barons 
had yet arrived, or signified their acquiescence, binding him- 
self by oath not to appropriate to himself the vacant bene- 
fices, nor to molest any one in the possession of woods and 
forests, nor to levy dane-gelt, as had been done by his uncle just 
deceased. His generosity, for the exercise of which he found 
ample funds in the royal treasure, and his many popular qualities, 
soon drew over to him the leading nobles, and conciliated the 
favour of the people in general. A few only held out for a 
time, and they were the new families which the policy of the late 
king had raised to opulence, but even these were at length inti- 
midated by threats, or seduced by promises, 'till at length the 
accession of Stephen was admitted by the entire nation. 

Wliile events were thus running their course in England, 
Matilda had entered Normandy and been admitted into Dam- 
front and the neighbouring towns. But the excesses committed 
by the Angevins, who followed soon after under the command 
of her husband, revived the slumbering spirit of animosity be- 
tween the two nations ; and before a month had expired they 
were compelled to retire into their own country. To prevent 
the return of their unwelcome guests, the Norman barons met 
in council, and were about to offer the duchy to Theobald, when 
Stephen stept in ere it was too late, and by his promises and 
judicious conduct, persuaded them to renew the ancient con- 
nexion between Normandy and England. Yet even now the 
cause of Matilda did not seem to be altogether desperate. In 
order to support her succession, David, king of Scotland, again 
invaded England, and so successfully that he reduced CarHsle, 
Norham, Alnwick, and Newcastle, compelling the inhabitants 
to swear fealty to his protege. But his career was now checked 
by the advance of Stephen at the head of a numerous army ; a 
battle seemed inevitable ; and then it was that David recollected 
he was related in the same degree to both competitors. A peace 



STEPHEN. 49 

in consequence was concluded, the most important article of 
which was, that Henry, prince of Scotland, did homage to 
Stephen, and received from him the towns of Carlisle, Doncas- 
ter, and Huntingdon. 

While the king was thus employed with the Scots, all Wales 
had risen in arms, and after the chieftains had laid waste the 
neighbouring English counties they retired in safety to their 
mountain fastnesses loaded with plunder. Stephen, however, 
had no leisure to retaliate upon these barbarians. Although he 
had received the investiture of Normandy from Louis he was 
anything but the undisputed master of the duchy, for he had not 
only to encounter the opposition of Geoffrey and his Angevins, but 
he found that his own adherents did not more detest the com- 
mon enemy than they did the mercenaries, who fought in his 
cause under William of Ipres. His actual authority did not 
extend beyond the towns, where he had garrisons, and where the 
expression of the popular feeling was kept under by fear of his 
troops, while the great barons held themselves aloof in their 
castles, and indulged in the old feudal right of private warfare 
with each other, under pretence of maintaining the cause of 
Stephen or Matilda, as it might best suit them at the moment. 
In the meanwhile the people suffered on all hand, and the same 
causes were equally leading to the same result in England. As 
we have already seen, it had been the object of the preceding 
monarchs to restrain and curtail the power of the barons, and to 
a great extent they had been successful. But in doing this they 
had acted much like the gardener, who crops the weeds in his 
garden and thus certainly prevents the farther spreading of their 
seeds, yet leaves their roots to spring up at another season, when 
his careful hand shall be wanting. Too much power had been 
left to them, and too little to the law, and they, who had been 
prohibited with few exceptions from fortifying their castles, now 
turned every mansion into a stronghold, from which they could 
safely defy both the king and the people, whose hostility they 

£ 



50 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

were constantly provoking by their freebooting and licentious 
spirit. To subdue these petty tyrants it was necessary to levy 
armies, and lay a regular siege to each in succession, at a consider- 
able expense both of time and money. The mistaken policy of 
the king in treating these vanquished offenders with indulgence 
as a matter of course gave them encouragement to renew their 
warfare against the law and the people, so often as his absence 
afforded them an opportunity, till at last even his patience be- 
came exhausted. In a very reasonable fit of anger he caused 
Arnulf of Hesdin and his ninety-three associates to be hanged, a 
salutary example, that only wanted to be more general to have 
produced the greatest benefits. 

We have just seen how peace was concluded with the Scots, 
but peace with a countr^^ at that time so barbarous was only a 
truce to be broken the moment they could do so with safety. 
Twice within the first six months of the year 1 138 did the Scotch 
king, David, cross the border with his hordes of savages, assisted 
by English and Norman exiles, and lay waste the northern coun- 
ties. In August he advanced for a third time, and was suffered 
by the supineness of the natives, or their want of proper means 
of defence, to penetrate as far as Yorkshire. Dearly did the 
people pay for their own faults, or the errors of their rulers, for 
in no time or country has war been carried on with the same 
ruthless ferocity as by David in these incursions. Churches 
were profaned, villages were burnt to the ground, the young, the 
aged, and the defenceless, were slaughtered without respect to 
sex or persons ; or if a few females distinguished for birth or 
beauty were spared in the spirit of barbarous caprice, it was only 
to undergo a fate to which death itself had been mercy. They 
were stript and bound together with leathern thongs, in wliich 
state they were driven into Scotland at the spear's point, where 
after having experienced every kind of indignity, they were kept 
as slaves, or bartered away for cattle to the various chieftains in 
the neighbourhood. The pretence for all this cruelty was, that 



STEPHEN. 51 

Stephen had promised and refused to David the earldom of Nor- 
thumberland. 

It was reserved for an old and decrepit churchman to put an 
end to such atrocities by kindhng in the people a more becoming 
spirit of resistance. Thurstan, archbishop of York, although 
little calculated for the duties of a soldier had yet the heart of 
one, and when all around him had abandoned themselves to a 
cowardly despair he assembled the northern barons with their 
retainers, and by his noble exhortations induced them to arm 
against the enemy. Three days were spent in fasting and devo- 
tion, and the fire of courage, that would seem to have gone out 
in the hearts of the people, was rekindled at the altar of religion. 
On the fourth day, the noble prelate dismissed them wdth his 
blessing, and on getting about two miles beyond Northallerton, 
they received notice of the advance of their barbarian enemy. 
They then fixed a mast, by way of standard, into the frame-work 
of a carriage, from which circumstance the subsequent battle 
acquired, and has ever since retained, the name of " the battle of 
the standard.'' On the top of it arose a cross, in which was 
fixed a silver box containing the sacrament, while below waved 
the banners of the three patron saints, Peter, Wilfrid, and John 
of Beverley, and every art was used to rouse the enthusiasm of 
the soldiers. From the foot of this novel standard, Walter 
Espec addressed them in the ardent language of a warrior, who 
knew no fear but the fear of defeat ; from the carriage itself the 
Bishop of Orkneys, Thurstan's representative, read the prayer of 
absolution ; and the kneeling multitude, as they shouted a brief 
" Amen ! " started up to meet the enemy. 

Amongst the invaders there had been that dissension, which is 
usually found to be the forerunner of defeat. The elite of the 
Scotch army, the English and Norman refugees had, as was usual 
with them, claimed the honour of being first in action, a point 
which the Galloways claimed as being the descendants of the 
ancient Picts, a race scarcely more barbarous than themselves, 

E 2 



52 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

and these pretensions were su])portedbyMalise,Earl of Strathern, 
who exclaimed, "Why should we trust so much to these French- 
men ? I wear no armour ; but there is not one among them, 
that will keep pace with me to-day." This boast excited the ire 
of Allan de Percy, but the men of Gallow^ay carried their point 
with the king, w^ho, himself a barbarian, naturally enough sympa- 
thized with the claims of barbarians. Favoured by a mist, they 
were now advancing upon the English whom they might pre- 
haps have surprized before they could get themselves into battle 
array, when their march was checked by the address of Robert 
de Bruce and Bernard de Baliol. These barons, who held land 
in either country repaired to Da\dd, and advised him to a peace, 
but their counsels being rejected, they renounced all allegiance 
to him and returned to the English, closely followed, how^ever, 
by the Scots, who rushed onward to the fray, as usual, with loud 
shouts. The first ranks yielded to the shock, but nothing could 
in the least move the serried mass about the standard. It was to 
no purpose that the Scotch sought to break through the forest of 
spears opposed to them, and w^hile engaged in this fruitless task the 
arrows flew fast and thick, making a fearful havoc among them. 
Unable to endure any longer this deadly shower, they broke and 
fled, and so complete was the route, that of seven and twenty 
thousand men, nearly eveiy one had perished on the battle-field, 
or in the subsequent flight. Fatal, however, as this day was to 
the Scotch it did not at once put an end to their inroads, and it 
was only by the mediation of Cardinal Alberic, the papal legate, 
that peace was again concluded between the countries. 

While the people fought their ow^n battles in the north, Ste- 
phen was engaged in a contest wuth three pow'erful churchmen 
in the south, — Roger, Bishop of Sarum, and his two nephews, 
Alexander, Bishop of Lincoln, and Nizel, Bishop of Ely. More 
like lay-barons than ecclesiastics in their mode of living, they 
dwelt in fortified castles, never went abroad without a numerous 
retinue of knights, and had yet more excited Stephen's jealousy, 



STEPHEN. 53 

by their supposed attachment to the cause of his rival, Matilda. 
Getting possession of their persons by an unworthy stratagem, 
he compelled them to give up to him their castles, a piece of 
success, which threatened to end in his ruin, by involving him 
in a contest with the wdiole body of the church, which had 
hitherto been his most profitable ally. To all the remonstrances of 
his friends, and even of the papal legate, Stephen turned a deaf 
ear, and Matilda, taking advantage of this breach, landed in 
Suffolk, to dispute with him the sceptre of her father. A civil 
war now ensued to add to the other calamities that had so Icng 
affected the kingdom. Each of the rivals was followed by nume- 
rous partizans, the result of self-interest in all its various forms 
and combinations, the royal garrisons upholding the king's cause 
while the standard of Matilda floated triumphantly at Dover, 
Canterbury, and Bristol. Many of the principal nobles stood 
aloof from either party, maintaining a real independence in their 
well-fortified castles, while they feigned to be neutral or submis- 
sive, 'till the kingdom might in truth be said, to be governed by 
as many rulers as there were barons too powerful for the royal 
hand to controul them. Plunder and lawlessness became the 
regular order of things, the only security of each individual 
being his strength or skill to protect himself. 

Under such circumstances the pitched battle that was now 
fought between the king in person, and Matilda's forces, under 
the guidance of Earl Robert, coald hardly be thought a misfor- 
tune to the nation at large. It was in the vicinity of the Trent, 
that the hostile forces met, when on the first shock the royal 
cavalry fled in confusion, either from cowardice or treachery. 
The infantry stood firm although opposed to superior numbers, 
being animated by the presence of the king, who fought for his 
crown \\'ith all the energy of despair. His sword was shivered ; 
his battle-axe was broken ; and at last a stone brought him to the 
ground, when he was made prisoner and brought before Matilda. 
The latter showed herself unworthy of the victory, that had been 



54 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

achieved for her, by loading the unfortunate man with chains, 
and keeping him closely confined in Bristol castle. 

Tlie strength of the king's party was now in a great measure 
broken, although his consort, who also bore the name of Matilda, 
continued to maintain a faint show of resistance. Those how- 
ever, who had been made prisoners, were glad to regain freedom 
by the surrender of their castles, and those, w^ho had before 
wavered, were easily persuaded to join the triumphant faction. 
The only person to be feared, was the Bishop of Winchester, the 
king's brother. For a time he kept himself aloof in dignified 
silence, but his wealth, birth, and authority, as the papal legate, 
made him of two much importance to be left long in this state 
of doubtful neutrahtv, and everv^ effort was made to mn him 
over. At length he was persuaded to acknowledge the Empress 
Matilda, for " England's lady," and unmindful of his oath of 
allegiance to the imprisoned king, no less than of the natural 
affection of a brother, he mounted the altar-steps, and solemnly 
blessed all who should obey her, and cursed all who should resist. 
Under his auspices too a synod was held, in which he denounced 
the reign of Stephen, and the manner in which he had obtained 
the crown, and eventually he succeeded in bringing over the 
greater part of those assembled to his own opinions. The price 
of this fraternal treachery was commensurate with the crime > 
the bishop was to have the first place in her councils, and to 
have in his discretion the disposal of the abbacies and bishoprics 
as they should fall vacant, a promise which was farther guaran- 
tied to him by the plighted word of the barons and of Matilda's 
brother. In the very act of committing as gross a piece of 
perfidy as the human brain could well imagine, he was contented 
to beheve that oaths and pledges could be binding. 

The Londoners for a time objected to this new usurpation, 
but even they at length yielded to the persuasions of the legate ; 
and now Matilda might seem to be in safe possession of the 
prize, which she had purchased at the cost of so much blood, and 



nn 



STEPHEN. DT) 

by the introduction of a civil war within the bosom of her native 
countiy. Her own insolent and vindictive spirit defeated all such 
expectations. So long as she had to struggle for the crown, she 
carefully hid her pride and arrogance under the thickest veil of 
dissimulation ; but no sooner did she fancy herself free from all 
farther danger of opposition, than, giving way to her natural 
disposition, she contrived to alienate her warmest partizans, 
while she roused the dormant enmity of others by fines and 
persecutions. Not contented with holding Stephen in close con- 
finement, she repelled with insult the prayers of his queen for 
his liberation, and, what was yet more perilous to her own claims, 
when the legate proposed as the price of the king's solemn 
resignation of the crown, she should confer the earldoms of 
Boulogne and Moretoil, on his nephew, Eustace, he met with a 
scornful denial. Nor was she satisfied with having thus raised 
up for herself a powerful enemy in the body of the church ; 
as if her authority was too powerful to be shaken by anything, 
instead of attempting to conciliate the Londoners, she imposed 
upon them a heavy tax, in punishment for their previous loyalty 
to Stephen, and added contempt to injustice, in scornfully reject- 
ing their petitions, that they might have restored to them the 
privileges they had enjoyed under Edward the Confessor. 

The deposed queen saw in these continued acts of inprudence, 
a favourable opportunity for the recovery of her husband's rights 
and freedom. Collecting a body of horse, she suddenly appeared 
on the south side of the city. The bells rang out an alarm ; 
the citizens flew to arms ; and the Empress, who was sitting at 
table, had barely time to escape with a few followers to Oxford, 
while the rest of her friends squandered and dispersed like an 
army broken in the field, and betook themselves to the security 
of their several castles. 

Suspecting the sincerity of the legate, Matilda now sent hi in 
a summons to attend her. The answer was that " he was get- 
ting himself ready," an answer, it must be admitted, not well 



56 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

calculated to allay her misgivings. Hereupon she attempted to 
surprize him at Winchester, but as she entered at one gate he 
fled by another, and having been thus foiled, with the danger 
increasing about her every moment, she called to her aid her 
brother Robert, Earl of Gloucester, her uncle David, King of 
Scots, and others of her principal adherents. She then besieged 
the episcopal palace and a fortress that had been built by the 
bishop in the heart of the city. Before either could be taken, 
Henry had collected forces enough to besiege the besiegers, who, 
after enduring every privation for seven weeks, and losing num- 
bers in the conflicts that took place daily and even hourly, re- 
solved upon endeavouring to escape. Sunday was the day chosen 
for the attempt, in the hope that at such a time the enemy would 
be less vigilant. They were deceived. Of the whole party few 
escaped except Matilda and her faithful attendant, Brian Fitz- 
Count, who had the good fortune to reach Devizes Castle in 
safety, while the rest making front against the pursuers to favour 
her evasion, were for the most part either killed or captured. 
This battle and defeat took place at Stourbridge. 

The queen shewed herself deserving of this success. Although 
the Earl of Gloucester still held her husband in chains, she 
allowed him every indulgence in the castle of Rochester, com- 
patible with his safe keeping, and in the end it was agreed that 
he should be exchanged for the captive king. The rival parties 
were now much in the same position they had been before the 
battle of Lincoln, except that the legate found himself in an 
awkward dilemma. He had embraced both sides and been true 
to neither. In the synod convened at Westminster, and at 
which Stephen himself was present he endeavoured to justify 
himself as well as he could, listening without shame or anger to 
the reproaches of those who taunted him with his double back- 
slidings. 

At this crisis Stephen fell dangerously ill, whereupon Robert 
sailed to the continent to sohcit aid from Geoffry, the husband 



STEPHEN. 



57 



of the Empress Matilda. He refused, from hatred to his wife, 
but agreed to entrust their eldest son, Henry, to the earl's care, 
and the war was renewed with various success to the principal 
beUigerents, though with uniform loss to the country, that suf- 
fered alike from friend and enemy. The death of Stephen's 
eldest son, Eustace, after a time afforded a chance of peace, 
which both parties being pretty equally balanced, neither was dis- 
posed to refuse. Stephen adopted Henry for his successor, to 
the exclusion of his own surviving son, William, who did 
homage to the duke, and in return, received all the lands and 
honours possessed by Stephen before his accession. 

The king did not long live to enjoy the quiet purchased by so 
severe a sacrifice. After a reign of nineteen years, he died at 
Canterbury, and was buried at Faversham by the side of his wife 
and son, in a convent of his own foundation. 




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G)entp tbe ^econD. 




ENRY THE SECOND, the first royal 
Plantagenet, ascended the throne of Eng- 
land with every prospect of a happy reign. 
He possessed the whole of Normandy, 
and so much of France as in reality to 
be more powerful than the king to whom 
he did homage for his numerous fiefs ; if we set down his pos- 
sessions in that kingdom at a full third part of the whole realm, 
we shall not exaggerate. 

He was crowned at Westminister about six weeks after the 
death of Stephen, and immediately commenced a system of salu- 
tary reform, endeavouring to staunch the wounds of the nation, 
which might be said to be bleeding at every pore. He issued a 
new coinage of standard weight and purity, commanded the 
foreign mercenaries, under penalty of death, to quit the country 
they had so long desolated, and aided by a powerful army pro- 
ceeded to demolish those strongholds of pillage and oppression, 
the baronial castles. This last was neither soon nor easily ac- 
complished, and, what was scarcely less beneficial to the nation, 
the Scottish king, Malcolm, was compelled to exchange the three 



HENRY THE SECOND. 59 

great northern counties, so long held by his grandfather, David, 
for the earldom of Huntingdon. 

It was fortunate for England that if Henry was ambitious, he 
was also cautious to an excess, and this preponderance of the 
safer over the more dangerous quality seemed to hold out the 
prospect of lasting peace. For a time too, the people congratu- 
lated themselves on the wisdom of their monarch when they 
found Becket chosen by him for his chief councillor and adviser. 
To this choice he is said to have been directed by Theobald, 
Archbishop of Canterbury, who loved Henry as his son, and who 
on retiring from the high office, which age and its natural infirmi- 
ties forbade his holding any longer, was anxious to leave the 
youthful monarch in the hands of one, whose wisdom might 
guide his inexperience. 

The first interruption to this state of calm arose as usual from 
the king's possessing continental territories. The French mo- 
narch, who dreaded the farther aggrandizement, of one already too 
powerful, was disposed to contest his succession to the earldom 
of Nantes, which had fallen to him as the heir of his deceased 
brother, Geoffrey. To prevent a rupture, if possible, Becket, the 
new chancellor, was despatched to France, and so well did he 
manage to conciliate the French king, that he consented to affi- 
ance his infant daughter, Margaret, to Henry's eldest son. This 
amity, however, was not of long continuance. Henry claimed in 
right of his wife, Queen Eleanor, the duchy of Toulouse, while 
the French king supported the claims to the same possession of 
Raymond, Count of St. Gilles, who had married his sister, 
Constantia. Under the guidance of Becket, who at this time 
was more a soldier than a monk, the English arms triumphed, 
and Louis himself would have been captured in Toulouse, but 
that Henry in the spirit of excessive caution that too much 
swayed him, felt reluctant, as a vassal, to turn his arms against 
his feudal lord in person, and led his forces back into Normandy. 
This forbearance led again to a peace, which, however, did not 



60 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

outlast the month. The marriage of Louis mth. Adelais, the 
iiiece of Stephen the late king of England, and otherwise power- 
fully alhed, roused the jealous fears of Henrj^ ; war again broke 
out in consequence, but before much of the people's blood 
could be shed in this unholy as well as unprofitable strife, 
peace was anew concluded through the mediation of Peter of 
Tarentaise, the envoy of Pope Alexander III. Here at 
least was a point of concord between the monarchs ; both 
were friendly to the cause of Alexander, and opposed to his 
rival in the papacy, Victor IV. who, although he had formed 
only three votes in the conclave, was yet supported by 
the emperor Frederick of Germany against his more legitimate 
competitor. 

The death of the primate, Theobald, in 1161, left the EngUsh 
king at liberty to adopt a measure, which embittered no small 
portion of his life, and even put his throne in considerable 
danger. He conferred on his chancellor, Becket, the vacant 
archbishopric of Canterburj^ an union of offices, wliich, how- 
ever repugnant to modern notions, was common enough in the 
early periods of English historj^ when the clergy were almost the 
only educated class in the kingdom. Becket at first opposed a 
real or feigned disHke to this preferment ; but the king had re- 
solved upon it, and it is probable that his chancellor's reluctance 
was of no very obstinate nature. Dissimulation, as we see from 
other parts of his conduct, was no new nor difficult matter to the 
militar}^ primate, who having flung down the sword to grasp a 
crozier, chose also to lay aside those habits of show and luxury, 
for which he had hitherto been so conspicuous, and rushed at 
once into the extremes of monkish mortification. It will 
scarcely seem strange that before a twelvemonth had elapsed 
the seeds of dissension should show themselves between such a 
character and Henry. To understand this matter rightly, it will 
be necessar}^ to travel back and take a survey of the spiritual 
and social state of the Christian community. 



HENRY THE SECOND. 61 

In early times the churchmen had sought to withdraw the 
people from the lay to the ecclesiastical tribunals. At first this 
was done under pretence of healing strife by the mediation of 
the holy character, and the consent of both parties was requisite 
before this mode of settling a dispute could be allowed. By 
degrees a second step was taken. Either party had the option, 
without consulting his opponent, bringing the disputed matter 
into the bishop's court, either in the first instance, or during the 
course of law before a civil magistrate. Then came a yet far- 
ther encroachment, and while the laity were permitted, the clergy 
were compelled, to submit their quarrels to episcopal jurisdiction. 
Thus the latter obtained the valuable privilege of being exempted 
from the power of the civil magistrate ; they could only be tried 
by themselves, and it soon appeared that the clergy were much 
more anxious to veil, than to punish, the offences of their own 
body. Among the Anglo-Saxons, the authority of the two 
judicatures was intermixed and not very clearly defined. The 
Normans separated them, and established Courts Christian, that 
is, courts of the bishops and his archdeacons, after the manner 
of the Western church in all other parts. It must, however, be 
allowed that the spiritual judges had some advantages over the 
secular. They had studied with diligence the Theodosian code, 
an entire copy of which had been found in 1 137, when Amul- 
phi was taken by the Pisans, and when to this was added the 
canon law, the compiled result of the ecclesiastical decisions 
through a long period, their jurisprudence acquired a clearness 
and precision which were wanting in the courts of the civil magis- 
trate. But the latter did not submit in quiet to these encroach- 
ments, and they commenced their attack upon the most vulnerable 
part of the ecclesiastical judicature. By their own canons the 
clergy were excluded from the judgment of blood ; fine, impri- 
sonment, the scourge, or degradation, comprehended the list of 
their inflictions, and in those days the doctrine of extreme 
punishment was universal. It was held that lenity increased 



62 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

crime, and at all events it did not seem just that while a lay- 
man might be subject to death, a churchman, whatever might 
be his offences, could only be brought before a tribunal, from 
which that mode of punishing was banished. A dispute between 
PhiHp de Brois, a canon of Bedford, and the king's justiciary, 
brought this matter to a head. The former had been tried and 
slightly punished by his bishop for an act of homicide, and 
some time afterwards the justiciary in the open court at Dun- 
stable called him a murderer, in allusion to this case. High 
words ensued. The king ordered him to be tried for this second 
offence before the spiritual court, which sentenced him to public 
whipping, and suspension from his sacred office for two years. 
This however, did not satisfy the king, and summoning his 
bishops he demanded that when for the future an ecclesiastic 
should be degraded for any crime by his spiritual judges, he 
should be subject for the same offence to a lay tribunal. The 
bishops objected, and the king then asked if they would submit 
to the ancient customs of the realm, which, being numerous and 
undefined, left every thing open to his own construction. The 
reply of Becket was equally astute ; he would do so " saving 
his order." The war had now fairly commenced between the 
church and the throne, for the clergy suspected, and probably 
with good reason, that under the phrase of customs was intended 
a general attack upon the clerical immunities, which indeed had 
grown to an intolerable height. But fear or a desire of royal 
favour won most of the leading churchmen to omit the saving 
clause. Becket alone stood firm. He was threatened with exile 
or death, and at a meeting held to reconcile these contending 
claims a scene occurred which places in a strong light the san- 
guinary and lawless spirit of the age. The door was thrown 
open of a room next to that in which the assembly was sitting, 
and discovered a body of knights with tucked-up garments and 
swords drawn, as if ready to commence the work of slaughter 
upon the unarmed ecclesiastics. Moved by the entreaties of 



HENRY THE SECOND. 63 

those about him, the primate at length promised to obey the 
customs ; but when afterwards called upon to affix his seal to 
the sixteen constitutions of Clarendon, he refused. It is now 
requisite to show briefly the nature of these constitutions. 

I. The custody of all vacant ecclesiastical establishments should 
belong, and their revenues be paid, to the king. The new elections 
should be made, in consequence of the royal writ, by the clergy 
assembled in the king's chapel by liis assent, and by the advice 
of such prelates as he may think proper to consult. 

II. All suits, civil or criminal, in which the clergy were con- 
cerned, should in the first be brought before the civil magistrate, 
who should decide whether the cause must be tried in the secu- 
lar or episcopal courts. In the latter case a civil officer must be 
present to report proceedings, and if the defendant were con- 
victed in a criminal action, he was to forfeit his benefit of 
clergy. 

III. No tenant in chief of the king, and no officer of his 
household or demesne, should be excommunicated, or his lands 
put under an interdict, without the royal sanction, and the jus- 
ticiary was to take care that the causes should be tried in the 
royal or ecclesiastical court, according as they might belong to 
either. 

IV. No archbishop, bishop, or dignified clergyman, should go 
beyond the sea without the royal permission. This custom, 
which dated from the Conquest, had for its object the prevention 
of appeals to the pope. 

V. Appeals should proceed regularly from the archdeacon to 
the bishop, from him to the primate ; and, if the latter failed to 
do justice, the cause should be carried before the king, that by 
his precept the suit might be terminated in the archbishop's 
court, so as not to proceed farther without the king's consent. 

Many other articles there were, though of less importance, which 
confined pleas of debts and disputes regarding advowsons to the 
civil jurisdiction, declared that priests holding lands of the crown 



64 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

should be deemed to hold them by barony, and to be bound to 
the same services as the lay barons, and forbade the admission to 
orders of the sons of villeins, without the licence of their re- 
spective lords. 

Upon calm deliberation, Becket repented of the concessions he 
had made when under the influence of a near and visible peril. 
He wrote to the pope, confessing and soliciting absolution for 
his weakness, and, the indignation of Henry being fully raised, 
he bent every energy for the destruction of his former friend and 
chancellor. He prepared a succession of charges against him 
upon new grounds, since that of the customs had been found so 
little tenable, and, by the infliction of fine upon fine upon various 
pretences, well nigh swallowed up the episcopal revenues. Next 
he demanded a balance of four and forty thousand marks, due, 
as he said, from the sums received by the late chancellor on the 
king's account. Becket then went to court, where arrayed in his 
pontifical robes, but deserted almost by all, he awaited the decision 
of the council. In the meanwhile he had no difficulty in guessing 
the result from the language held to him by the bishops, and when 
at length the Earl of Leicester, at the head of the barons, came 
out to pronounce his sentence, he denied the authority of the 
court, referred his quarrel to the pope, and refusing to hear any 
more, went home amidst the acclamations of the clergy and 
people. It has been said by some historians, that Henry medi- 
tated some actual and immediate violence, and Becket believing, 
or feigning to beheve, the sinister reports brought to him by his 
friends, escaped that night from Northampton, and after fifteen 
days of difficulty and danger, landed at Gravelines, in Flanders. 
His first visit was to Louis, his next to Pope Alexander, then 
keeping his court at Sens. By both he was received with every 
demonstration of respect, and when he surrendered his bishopric 
into the hands of the latter, he was re-invested with it in 
defiance of the advice of the cardinals, who thought this act 
afforded the best means of ending a doubtful and dangerous 
controversy. 



HENRY THE SECOND. G5 

While Henry was involved in this dispute with the church, he 
found himself again obhged to turn his attention to the Welsh. 
These barbarians, as fierce and restless as the Scotch, had re- 
newed their incursions upon the peaceful borders, and when 
compelled by the victorious arms of the king to sue for peace, 
it was with no intention of maintaining it. His absence in Nor- 
mandy afforded a fresh opportunity for war and rapine, and they 
were not slow to use it. Hastening back from the continent, 
Henry met and routed them in a pitched battle, when they fled 
as usual to their fastnesses. He followed them and held them 
as it were besieged, on Mount Beriom. But incessant rains de- 
luged the valley, and, forced to retire in disgrace to Chester, he 
wreaked his vengeance on his Welsh hostages, the children of 
the noblest families in Wales. By his orders all the males had 
their eyes put out, while the ears and noses of the females were 
cut off without regard to their youth or sex. 

In Bretagne he was more fortunate by his policy than he had 
been in Wales by his arms. Conan, Earl of Richmond, a weak 
and indolent prince, unable to govern his refractory barons, wil- 
lingly resigned all his possessions to Constantia, when an imagi- 
nary marriage was contracted between her and the king's third 
son, Geoffrey. Hence as the guardian of the minors, Henry 
assumed the reins of government, and soon contrived to subdue 
the turbulent barons, to the general peace and happiness of the 
people. 

In the meantime Becket at Pontigny affected the life and 
manners of a hermit, and growing bolder from enthusiasm, or 
from feeling that he had thus acquired a firmer hold both upon 
the people and the supreme pontiff, he began to use the thunders 
of the church with very little respect of persons. He cut off 
from the society of the so called faithful all those who had 
framed the constitutions of Clarendon, and all who had invaded 
church property, and intimated to Henn% that a like fate awaited 
him in case he remained impenitent. To make these decisive 

F 



66 THE ROYAL FAIVIILIES. 

measures agreeable to Alexander, he included in his bans those 
Tvho should communicate ^sdth the anti-pope. 

Coldly supported by his bishops, who probably liked well 
enough the cause of Becket, however much they disliked the 
man, Henry sought to be reconciled to the primate. But the 
meeting between them scarcely led to a hollow truce, and the 
king having yielded Anjou and Maine to his elder son, and 
Aquitaine to his youngest, now proceeded to the coronation of 
his son Henr}% But the so long - threatened storm from 
Rome was about to burst upon his dominions, and again a meet- 
ing took place between the king and his too powerful subject. 
The necessitv of the case led this time to a better show of 
peace, though it is probable mth little sincerity on either side ; 
and the primate after some delays returned to Canterbury. That 
the latter was little changed in his feelings may be estimated 
from the fact of his sending before him letters of suspension 
against the bishops who had been adverse to his cause, an act 
which has been attempted to be excused under the plea of 
momentary irritation. The bishops knew he carried such weapons 
about with him, and sent Ranulf de Broc with a party of soldiers 
to take him prisoner ; he immediately made use of them, and one 
is tempted to ask these apologists for the primate, wiiich is to 
blame ? he who carries about him arms that can be of no use 
but to destroy, or they who knowing his enmity endeavour to 
force them from him ? However this may be, the prelates has- 
tened to the king then in Nonuandy, with loud exclamations 
against the ambition and vindictiveness of the archbishop. The 
king also had his moments of irritation, though it has met with 
few apologists. In an evil hour he exclaimed, " Of the cowards 
who eat my bread, is there not one who will free me from this 
turbulent priest ?" Four knights, who happened to be present, 
Reginald Fitzurse, William Tracy, Hugh de Moreville, and Rich- 
ard Brito, took tliis angry expression for a bloody warrant, and 
without delay set sail for Canterbur}\ About two in the after- 



HENRY THE SECOND. (J7 

noon, they appeared before the archbishop, and abruptly de- 
manded that he should absolve the excommunicated prelates. 
He refused, and, upon his expressing surprize that they who had 
before sworn fealty to him should now threaten him, they re- 
plied, "We will do more than threaten." Upon this they left 
the room. 

The primate was evidently in danger, and at the importunity 
of his friends, he sought a temporary refuge in the cathedral, 
where the monks even then were chanting vespers. They 
would fain have fastened the church-doors when he had entered, 
but with the courage or obstinacy that formed so strong a fea- 
ture in his character he commanded them to be thrown open. 
He had ascended the steps of the choir when the knights en- 
tered with twelve companions, all in complete armour. His 
attendants fled, with the exception of Grim, his cross-bearer, 
when a voice demanded, " Where is the traitor ?" No answer 
was returned. *' Where is the archbishop ?" asked Fitzurse, for 
it was now almost dark, and he might have hidden himself, had 
he chosen, among the crypts, or under the roof. " Here I am," 
replied Becket," the archbishop, but no traitor." They again com- 
manded him to absolve the prelates. " Till they offer satisfaction 
I will not," w^as the firm reply. "Then die!" exclaimed the 
murderer, aiming a blow at his head, which was partly inter- 
cepted by Grim, but the force of the blow broke his arm, and 
even wounded the primate, who, as the blood trickled dow^n his 
face exclaimed : " in the name of Christ and for the defence of 
his church, I am ready to die." A second stroke threw him on 
his knees ; a third laid him prostrate at the foot of St. Bennet's 
altar, with the upper part of his scull dashed to pieces ; and 
thus at the age of fifty-three perished this great but ambitious 
prelate, in the attempt to put the foot of a priest upon the neck 
of a monarch. 

Henry was at Bure, in Normandy, when the bloody news was 
brought to him. The receipt of it filled him with much real or 

F 2 



68 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

pretended sorrow, and after four days obstinately passed in soli- 
tude, and almost without nourishment, he dispatched five envoys 
to avert the papal indignation. With some difficulty they ob- 
tained an audience, and partly appeased the pope by protesting 
their master's innocence, and, what was of more importance, his 
perfect wiUingness to abide by the decision of the pontiff. Here- 
upon he contented himself with excommunicating the assassins 
in general terms, and appointed his legates in France, the cardi- 
nals Theodin and Albert, to take cognizance of the cause. Four 
years elapsed before a final decision was given, and it is saying 
much for the prudence of Heniy, or the venality of his judges, 
that though some minor points were insisted upon as the price 
of his absolution, the original cause of dispute between him and 
Becket still lay open for discussion. At length, in a great 
council at Northampton, they came to the following conclu- 
sions. 

I. That no clerg}Tnan should be arraigned personally before 
a judge for any crime or misdemeanour, unless against the forest 
laws, or regarding a lay fee, for which he owed service to a lay 
lord. 

II. That no bishopric or abbey, should be kept in the king's 
hands beyond a year, unless required by the evident necessity of 
the case. 

III. That those who murdered clerks, on their conviction or 
confession before the king's justice, in the presence of the bishop 
or his ofiicer, should forfeit their inheritances for ever. 

IV. That clergy^men should never be compelled to make wager 
of battle. 

Thus successful in all his undertakings, both abroad and at 
home, it might now have been supposed that the king would at 
length enjoy tranquillity. But he, who had indulged his children 
to excess in their youth, now that they were grown up began to 
treat them with jealous tyranny. They all rebelled against him. 
His eldest son, Henry, supported by the French king, by Phihp 



HENRY THE SECOND. 69 

the Earl of Flanders, and by William of Scotland, determined to 
possess himself of England, and began the first attempts against 
his power with a war in Normandy. Although defeated in their 
opening campaign the allies were not intimidated. It was 
agreed that in the ensuing spring, Louis should fall upon Nor- 
mandy, the friends of Geoffrey and Richard should wage the 
war in Bretagne and Aquitaine, and that the Scottish king 
should enter England in the north, while the Earl of Flanders 
and the young Henry should invade the southern coast. Upon 
these tidings the unhappy father set sail for England in the 
midst of a storm, where, having arrived, his first care was to do 
penance at the shrine of Becket. While thus ignobly emplo3^ed, 
news were brought to him that the Scotch king had been taken 
prisoner by Ranulf de Glanville, and in three weeks afterwards, 
peace was so generally restored throughout the kingdom, that he 
returned to Normandy, where he arrived just in time to save 
Rouen from the enemy. Thus again foiled by the genius of 
Henry, the confederates agreed to a short truce with a view to a 
general pacification. Richard, who alone stood out, was in a 
few weeks compelled to throw himself upon his father's forgive- 
ness, which was extended to all the parties concerned except the 
King of Scots. He was for a long time kept prisoner in the 
Castle of Falaise, nor was he released 'till he had consented, with 
his clergy and nobles, to do homage to Henry, and to surrender 
five strong castles as security for his future conduct. 

Henry was now allowed to enjoy a short repose, 'till it was 
again disturbed by the feuds of his sons amongst themselves, and 
by their revolts against their father. But neither liis mind nor 
his body were any longer equal to meet this unnatural warfare ; 
defeat now followed upon defeat, and a thunder-storm in the 
plain near Tours, where he was holding a conference with his 
enemies, awakened a degree of superstitious terror, which led to 
his complying with all their demands. He had stipulated that a 
list should be given him of all the barons, who had joined the 



70 



THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 



French king. The first name which struck him, was his son 
John's, that son for whom his misplaced affection had kindled 
the present war. He retired hroken-hearted to Chinon. A 
raging fever seized him, when his sick bed was attended only by 
Geoffrey, the chancellor, and a natural son, on whom he be- 
stowed his blessing, while he franticly cursed the children by 
whom he had been abandoned. On the seventh day he expired, 
A.D. 1 189, leaving to after-times a character, which it is hard to 
reconcile with his brilUant successes and the many substantial 
benefits he conferred on his people. 




fea^jf^^v^.-'.' 







EicbatH tbe Jfirst. 




ICHARD, among all the English monarchs, 
has been more than any other, the subject 
of popular ballad and romance. He had 
all the useless qualities of a legendary hero, 
being brave to rashness, of strength sur- 
passing that of common men, and as profuse 
in giving as he was rapacious in exacting. 
The opening of his reign was welcomed by the nation at 
large, and certainly it held out fair prospects, though it was far 
from realizing them in the end. Like Henry V., at a later 
period, he dismissed his own councillors, who as they had 
prompted his rebellion against his father, were probably not the 
most to be relied upon, and took for his advisers the very men 
who had been faithful in their loyalty against him. Yet at the 
same time he did not neglect to free his mother. Queen Eleanor, 
from the confinement in which she had been held bv the late 
monarch. In consequence of the general feeling thus excited 
in his favour, and by the stabiHty the throne had now acquired, 
he was crowned without opposition, a rather remarkable event 
in those days of violence and bloodshed. 

G 



72 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

Richard had taken the cross in the lifetime of his father, and 
no considerations for the welfare of his people could subdue his 
love of adventure. On his accession to the throne, the state 
of the Holy Land, so far as regarded the Christians' hope of ever 
possessing it, was such as to have daunted a feeble spirit, and to 
have made a wise one hesitate. Saladin, the victorious soldan 
of Aleppo and Eg}^pt, had subdued the whole of the country 
except Tyre, which still remained in the hands of the Christians, 
and his skill and prudence being fully equal to his valour, there 
seemed to be every reason for expecting that city also would 
fall into his hands. This, however, had no other effect upon 
Richard than to stimulate his passion for the Crusade, and with 
an impetuosity quite in character with the general rashness of 
the undertaking, he allotted four months only for his residence 
in England, during which his whole time was occupied, not in 
attending to the welfare of the nation, but in making prepara- 
tions for the Crusades. With this view he exposed to sale the 
demesne lands, the honours and offices of the crown, sold to the 
Bishop of Durham the Earldom of Northumberland, and for 
ten thousand pounds basely surrendered his own and the nation's 
honour, by selling to the Scottish king the castles of Berwick 
and Roxburgh, with all those rights of superiority over the 
crown of Scotland, which had been acquired by the courage, 
prudence, and good fortune of his late father. But the sums 
thus acquired, even with the addition of a hundred thousand 
marks that he found deposited in the exchequer were insufficient 
for the projected undertaking, and the Jews also were put under 
contribution, though upon the whole he seemed incHned to show 
this persecuted race more lenity and kindness than they usually 
met with. Their situation at this period was one of singular 
hardship, no country of Europe affording them anything like 
efficient and well regulated protection. They were, as else- 
where, the principal bankers, and by their usury and extortion 
had rendered themselves so hateful to the people, independent 



RTCHARD THE FIRST. 73 

of the religious prejudices, which in those days ran high against 
them, that they were glad to buy the favour of the king by a 
liberality that must have been exceedingly bitter to their feel- 
ings. They hastened therefore to London from all parts with 
valuable presents, but Richard, either from prejudice or from pru- 
dence, forbade their appearing at his coronation. Some of them, 
however, had the rashness to make their way into the palace, 
whence upon being discovered they were expelled, and hunted 
with clubs and stones, and a report arising from this that the 
king had given a Ucense to destroy them, the mob collected, 
murdering every Jew they met in the streets and setting fire to 
their houses. The authorities sent by Richard to check these 
atrocious scenes were quickly put to rout, and the scene of fire 
and bloodshed lasted 'till morning, when the king interfering 
more vigorously, three of the ringleaders were hung under the 
pretext that they had burnt the houses of Christians, for even 
then he did not dare, or did not choose, to irritate the people by 
a more open protection of a race they so detested. Encouraged 
by such impunity to violence, the crusaders in their way to the 
coast imitated the example of the capital ; wiiile at York, a re- 
gular conspiracy seems to have been organized against the Jews, 
wdio had long made that city their head quarters. A body of 
men entered the walls before sun-set, and immediately began the 
work of pillage and destruction, burning houses and massacreing 
the Hebrew inhabitants. The greater part of them, however, 
took alarm in time, and fled into the castle with their families 
and treasures, where they might have been safe, but for a sin- 
gular mistake, if we have the truth of the story, which may be 
doubted. As we have the tale, the governor of the castle, 
going abroad one morning, was on his return refused admittance 
by the Jews, who had taken refuge, and who amounted to five 
hundred, independent of their families. In consequence he be- 
seiged the castle by the help of the sheriff and the people, and 

the ransom which the Jews offered after a day and night's siege 

G 2 



74 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

being refused, the latter adopted what romancers would call a 
Roman resolution ; every thing that could be burnt they threw 
into the flames, buried their gold and silver that they might not 
enrich their foes, slew their wives and children, and then mutu- 
ally turned their reeking knives against each other, a few only 
excepted, who with less courage survived to tell the tale, but 
who did not by a prompt yielding, or the offer of receiving bap- 
tism escape the death they so much dreaded. In spite of the 
promises made to them, these unhappy survivors were butchered 
in cold blood, and most probably that they might not appear 
against their debtors. There seems every reason for supposing 
so when we find the conquerors marching to the cathedral, 
where the Jews had deposited their bonds for safety, extorting 
them from the holders, and burning them at a bonfire, which 
they made in the middle of the nave. It does not appear that 
the offenders met with any adecpiate punishment, which may in 
part be accounted for by the absence of the king in France, 
where he was busy preparing for the Crusade, the grand object 
of all his thoughts. 

It was agreed between Richard and the French king, Philip, 
that they should take different routes, and meet again at Mes- 
sina, in Sicily, which was then governed by Tancred, who had 
seized the crown ui)on the death of WiUiam the late sovereign. 
And here already occurred a stumbling-block, which might have 
proved fatal to the whole expedition. Tancred had hitherto refused 
to pay the legacies left by the deceased king to Richard's father, 
Henry, and had detained the dowry of Joan, who was the relict 
of William, and the King of England's sister. These Richard 
now demanded, and receiving a prompt denial, he had recourse 
to stronger measures, which were probably more agreeable to 
his own daring nature, as they were more likely to succeed with 
a crafty and unscrupulous adversary. He took possession of a 
strong castle on the Calabrian coast, in which he placed his 
sister Joan, seized upon a neighbouring island, expelling the 



RICHARD THE FIRST. 75 

monks its proprietors, and turned it into a depot for his provi- 
sions. Tiie example of their sovereign was not lost upon the 
English, and daily affrays took place in consequence between 
them, and the people of Messina, till at length the king of 
France interfered as mediator, though with as strong a bias in 
favour of the Sicilian as against Richard, whom he was known 
both to hate and envy. A conference took place, in the midst 
of which came tidings that the two parties in Messina had come 
to action, when Richard, mounting his horse, hastened to join 
the fray, while Philip retired to the palace and gave secret en- 
couragement to the citizens. But the city was soon carried by 
the English, and delivered by the king to their fury, so that 
Tancred found himself obliged to comply with the demands of 
so rough a litigant. 

For a time the two monarchs contrived to keep up an out- 
ward show of amity, though their real feelings towards each 
other could scarce be doubted in spite of Richard's profuse 
liberality both to Philip and his adherents. But now a fresh 
cause of dissension broke out between them. The English king 
had long been espoused to Philip's sister, Adelais, yet unmindful 
of this obligation he offered his hand to Berengaria, the daugh- 
ter of Sancho, Queen of Navarre. Philip naturally enough 
opposed this breach of contract, while Richard protested with 
equal right, if his accusation were true, that he would never 
marry one who had been the mistress of his father. The dis- 
pute was settled, and Richard released from his contract, by his 
agreeing to pay ten thousand marks by instalments in five years, 
and by a promise that on his return from Palestine, he would 
restore Adelais the strong places he had received as her mar- 
riage portion. 

Nine months had now elapsed since Richard first set out upon 
the Crusade, and yet though within a few days' sail of the Holy 
Land, he had as yet done nothing towards the object for which 
he had abandoned his kingdom, after having so cruelly wmng 



7G THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

his subjects by taxes and impositions for its accomplish- 
ment. 

At length, with a fleet of fifty-three galleys and one hundred 
and fifty other ships, he set sail from Sicily. A part of this 
armament was dispersed by a tempest, and he himself on reach- 
ing Rhodes, was detained there awhile by sickness, recovering 
from which he proceeded to Lymesol, where he found before the 
port the vessel which contained Berengaria and his sister. They 
had remained there distrusting the invitation of Isaac, Emperor 
of Cyprus ; and Richard, whose fate it was to fight in every 
land he touched, and mth every body he approached, ha\Ting in 
vain demanded satisfaction for the treatment of the crusaders, 
who had been wrecked upon Isaac's coast, had recourse to his usual 
mode of argument with the sword. A complete defeat speedily 
comdnced the Emperor of Cyprus that he had been in the wrong, 
he consented to conditions more than sufficiently severe ; but 
repenting of these, he again took the field against his opponent, 
and, being beaten a second time even more thoroughly than 
before, he threw himself at the feet of Richard, who ordered 
him to be bound in silver chains and confined in a castle on the 
coast of Palestine. > 

At Lymesol the king married Berengaria, and here too he re- 
ceived a ^-isit from Guy, of Lusignan, who pretended to the 
crown of Jerusalem, in right of his wife, Sybilla, while Conrad, 
the IVIarquess of Montferrat, preferred similar claims in the name 
of her sister Milisent, contending that the claims of Guy had 
perished with his "^ife. Conrad was supported by Pliihp in his 
pretensions, a very sufficient reason, had there been no other, 
for the King of England's maintaining the cause of Lusignan. 

While Richard was in pursuit of the emperor, messengers 
came to him from Acre, complaining that its siege had lasted 
well nigh two years, while he was only attending to his own in- 
terests and thus doing essential injuiy to the general cause of 
the Crusade. To such reproaches Richard rephed, by a torrent 



RICHARD THE FIRST. 77 

of abuse that confounded the bearers of them, nor was it till he 
had fully gratified his passions either of ambition or revenge 
upon his private enemies that he turned his attention to the 
grand object of his voyage, and set sail from Famagusta. On 
the way he fell in with a strange ship of enormous bulk, and not 
being satisfied with the replies given to his salutation, he ordered 
the whole fleet to the attack. But safe in her superior bulk, 
this stately foe set the lighter Christian galleys at defiance, and 
kept on her way repulsing every attempt to stay her progress. 
At length some English seamen, more daring than their compa- 
nions, swam to the vessel and managed to fasten her helm to the 
nearest gallies, when she was instantly boarded by the Chrit- 
tians ; but the Turkish crew proved equally numerous and 
valiant, and though at the onset forced from the forecastle to the 
stern, they quickly rallied, and drove back their opponents to 
their own ships. Enraged at this obstinate defence, the king 
determined to destroy what to all appearance he could not con- 
quer. Forming his largest gallies in a line, they were propelled 
against the Turkish vessel with such force, that their beaks 
crushed her sides, whereupon she filled and went to the bottom. 
This was an untoward event for the garrison in Acre, but most 
fortunate for the besiegers, as she w^as laden with provisions and 
military stores of all kinds, and more particularly Greek fire and 
venomous serpents, for the use of the former. Of the crew, 
which had consisted of fifteen hundred picked men, thirty-five 
only escaped, the deep sea or the edge of the sword destroying 
all the rest. 

At length Richard arrived at the Christian camp, where he 
was received with acclamations, and immediately set to work 
with the usual energy of his character. In this case it well nigh 
proved fatal to him, for this over-exertion, combining with a 
chmate to which he was unused, threw him into an intermittent 
fever. Still his impatience w^ould not allow him to relax in his 
efibrts. In the intervals of his malady, he caused himself to 



78 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

be carried in a silk pallet to the trenches whence he might 
superintend the conduct of the siege, which upon his recovery 
of course went on with redoubled vigour. Against such an 
enemy all the obstinate courage of the garrison proved useless, 
and though Saladin hovered wdth a mighty host in the neigh- 
bourhood, the city after a short time was surrendered upon 
condition, and the Christian flag floated on the walls of Acre. 

It was in the height of the general triumph for this success, 
that Philip announced his intention of retiring with his whole 
force from the war against the Saracens. He was persuaded 
however, to leave ten thousand of his followers under the com- 
mand of the Duke of Burgundy, and then departed amidst the 
hisses and execration of the spectators. 

The time had now arrived for fulfilUng the conditions imposed 
on Saladin by the treaty of Acre, but he still held back, and in 
revenge Richard put to death his hostages, and prisoners, in 
sight of the Saracen camp ; and the Duke of Burgundy, who 
had been left in command of the French, not to be behind hand 
in religious zeal, slaughtered at least as many on the w^alls of 
Acre. This act of deliberate cruel tv was rendered vet more 
atrocious by the insults the soldiers were allowed to inflict upon 
the dead bodies. 

Having thus shown his notions of the holy cause in which he 
had embarked, the Enghsh king broke up from Acre, and set 
out for Jaffa with his army in five divisions, his march being 
liarrassed, though it could not be stopt, by the incessant attacks 
of Saladin. With every morning he fell upon them in front, 
flank and rear, at the same time, never ceasing the combat 'till 
sunset, and encamping at night near enough to resume the same 
bloody game at break of day. At length he had got together 
reinforcements from all parts of his empire, and determined on 
a final attack that he expected would overwhelm his enemies. 
A little after sunrise the kettle-drum gave the signal for attack, 
and at this signal the Saracen host fell with all its weight upon 



RICHARD THE FIRST. 79 

the small band of Christians. Nothing but the active courage of 
Richard kept his army together, 'till seizing a favourable moment 
he resumed the offence ; the combat now raged at the utmost ; 
but the Saracens were unable to resist the chivalry of Europe ; 
they broke, and fled for refuge to their mountains, leaving be- 
hind them seven thousand of their companions slain, and twenty- 
two emirs. 

The way being thus open to him, Richard proceeded to Jaffa, 
rebuilt its walls, and put the neighbouring castles into a state 
of defence. It was little interrupted by Saladin, who being 
taught by past experience, desisted from any set attacks, and had 
recourse to surer means of checking their progress. He dis- 
mantled the places, and laid waste the country before them, 
'till even Richard began to doubt the success of his enterprize. 
He concealed, however, these sentiments from all around him, 
while he wrote to Europe for fresh supplies of men and money, 
and even got so near to Jerusalem as Bethania. But here his 
farther advance was stopt by the setting in of the stormy season, 
the encreasing dearth of provisions, and the sickness, which these 
causes, combined with other hardships, spread throughout his 
camp. He returned to the coast. 

It is probable that the untiring energy of Richard might have 
overcome the obstacles just related, but for the want of union 
among the crusaders. Their army was composed of jarring 
elements that were only feebly held together by a common feel- 
ing of hatred towards the Saracens, and the command of Richard 
except over his own subjects, was little more than nominal. 
One great cause of dissension was the rival claims of Conrad, 
and Guy, of Lusignan, to put an end to which he at length 
consented to abandon the latter. Unluckilv Conrad was soon 
afterwards murdered in the streets of Tyre, and the suspicion 
of Richard's enemies fixed the crime upon him in spite of iiis 
solemn disavowal. A marriage between his nephew, Henry, 
and the widow of Conrad staunched this new ground of feud, 



80 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

while, to indemnify Lusignan for the imaginary crown of Jeru- 
salem he bestowed upon him the isle of Cyprus. Thus to all 
appearance reconciled among themselves, the crusaders again 
advanced upon Bethania, when the king of England declaring 
his intention of staying abroad yet another twelvemonth, selected 
twenty councillors, who were to decide upon oath which of the 
two was most advantageous — to besiege Jerusalem, or attack 
Cairo, the capital of Egypt, from which country the soldan 
drew his chief supplies. They decided for the latter, and the 
Christians, to the surprise of all, and the indignation of many 
among them, marched back to Acre. 

No sooner had this retreat been effected, than Saladin 
took advantage of it, and descending from Jerusalem burst 
into the town of Jaffa, whence he drove the inhabitants 
of the citadel. The intelligence of this event was not long in 
reaching Richard, and again caused a change of his intended 
measures. Ordering the rest of the army to march by land, 
with seven galleys only he hastened by sea to the relief of the 
besieged, but on reaching the place of landing, he found the 
beach lined with immense numbers of the ever- vigilant Saracens, 
who had somehow got notice of his intentions, and were fully 
prepared to meet him. His friends advised him to wait for the 
arrival of the army, but just then a priest swam to the royal 
galley, and brought news that though many of the inhabitants 
had been slain, others were still defending themselves from one 
of the towers. Upon this the king plunged into the sea, ex- 
claiming, " cursed be the man, who refuses to follow me," and 
his examjjle was followed by the rest unhesitatingly. So at least 
say the old chroniclers, and modern historians have repeated the 
tale without the expression of a doubt, though it is difficult to 
understand how men encumbered with heavy armour could con- 
trive to sustain themselves upon the sea, as they must have done, 
since the priest had reached the royal galley by swimming. Still, 
in whatever way the landing was effected, the result of this bold 



RICHARD THE FIRST. 81 

enterprize was to clear the city of the assailants, who were as 
much defeated by their own awe as by the very Uinited power 
of their enemy. Not satisfied with thus braving a power that 
seemed capable of crushing him, Richard encamped before one 
of the city-gates, with an army of two thousand foot-soldiers, 
and fifty -five knights, ten only of the latter being mounted, a 
challenge which the Saracens accepted the next morning by 
rushing upon him with all their force. Here again the valour 
and the good fortune of the Christians triumphed, but the 
exertions of Richard duringr the battle brous-ht on an attack of 
fever, and he was fain to solicit a truce through the mediation 
of Saphaedin, the brother of the soldan, which was granted for 
three years, with permission for pilgrims during that time to 
visit the holy sepulchre unmolested. On the other hand As- 
calon was to be destroyed ; and thus terminated the Crusade, 
as all invasions of one land by the people of another should 
terminate — in defeat. 

During this time, England had been bitterly rueing the folly 
of her monarch, who had not only exhausted her of men and 
treasures, but had abandoned her to the rapacity of his minister 
and the ambition of his brother, who hoped that Richard, like 
so many other crusaders might leave his bones in the holy land, 
in which case it was his full intention to seize upon the vacant 
throne. The king had endeavoured to defeat these designs by 
negotiating a treaty with the Scottish monarch in favovir of his 
nephew Arthur, the son of his elder brother Geoffrey, whom 
he had privately selected for his heir, in the event of his death, 
and John gaining information of a de\'ise so unfavourable to 
his projects, determined if possible to remove out of his way the 
chancellor Longchamp. Under pretence of redressing the wrongs 
of those oppressed by Longchamp, the prince in the usual man- 
ner of those days, when a baron was strong enough to contend 
with the king or his delegate, levied war against him, and gain- 
ing the upper hand compelled him to submit a treaty, by which 



82 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

several of the royal castles were given up to the safe-keeping 
of his own adherents, to retain them, as it was said, in behalf 
of the absent Richard, and in the event of his death to deliver 
them to John, 

Scarcely was this point of dispute settled, than chance gave 
rise to another. Richard had compelled his natural brother, 
Geoffrey, who had been elected to the arch-bishoprick of York.^ 
to reside on the continent, and had forbidden his consecration. 
He now, however, obtained a papal mandate, in virtue of which 
he was consecrated by the Archbishop of Tours, and straight 
returned England, to take possession of his see. Longchamp 
ordered him to take the oath of allegiance or quit the country, 
and upon his refusing to comply, a quarrel ensued between them, 
of which John hastened to take advantage, by embracing the 
cause of Geoffrey, with whom 'till then he had been at variance. 
At first the chancellor, who had collected an army, was at first 
inclined to dispute the matter with his opponents ; but either 
he distrusted his strength or the fidelity of his followers, for he 
soon abandoned this design, and fled to the Tower for refuge, 
whither he was pursued by his opponents. The citizens how- 
ever opened their gates to the prince's party, and Longchamp in 
despair, agreed to surrender up his power, and gave security for 
his not leaving the kingdom 'till he had fulfilled all the articles 
of the treaty. On these terms he was allowed to retire to 
Dover Castle, whence after a vain attempt at escape he was 
finally allowed to cross the sea, and the Archbishop of Rouen 
was appointed to his vacant offices. 

It was now that intelligence reached England of Richard's 
having been seized on his passage home, and flung into chains 
by the cowardly Duke of Austria, who had actually sold his 
royal captive to Henry VI. the German emperor. The people 
at large and the clergy are said to have been deeply grieved at 
this event, so much are mankind prone to admire the empty 
glitter of what are called deeds of arms beyond tlie sohd benefits 



RICHARD TriE FIRST. 83 

of learning and science. John however found in this news the 
prosi)ect of speedy advantage to himself, and hastened to turn 
it to account. He endeavoured to make a friend of the French 
king by surrendering some portions of Normandy, and the whole 
country would have been lost to England, but for the gallantry 
of the Earl of Essex, who had lately returned from Palestine, 
and now defended Rouen for his sovereign against all attacks. 

Romancers have invested the escape of Richard from prison 
with many pleasing traits of love and fidelity ; history only tells 
how the imperial speculator, after bargaining for five months, at 
length consented to sell liberty to his captive for a hundred 
thousand marks, that being the highest sum he could extort, 
and Richard, who had now been absent more than four years 
landed at Sandwich amidst the acclamations of his subjects. 
Their fidelity met with an ill return ; instead of attempting to 
repair the evils inflicted by his absence, the two short months 
that he remained in England were employed in extorting money 
from those whom his ransom had already impoverished, and that 
for no better cause than to enable him to wreak his vengeance 
upon the French monarch. When all the money had been 
collected that fraud or power could obtain, he joined his army at 
Portsmouth, and sailed for Normandy, where he was met by his 
fugitive brother John, in the guise of a penitent offender. At the 
intercession of the queen mother he granted him his pardon, 
but refused to restore the lands or castles, which, it must be 
owned, he had abused to all the worst purposes of treason. 

The exhausted resources of the tw^o monarchs compelled them to 
carry on their war upon a petty scale, very much disproportioned 
to the vehemence of their passions, and for once poverty may be 
said to have been a blessing. Its results however were favour- 
able to Richard ; in a sharp engagement on the road to Gisors, 
he utterly defeated and well nigh made a prisoner of the French 
king, and in a subsequent skirmish actually captured the Bishop 
of Beauvais, who unable to soften his resentment implored the 



84 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

assistance of Pope Celestine. To that Pontiffs mediation, 
Richard repUed by sending the bishop's coat of mail, with a scroll, 
on which was written, " Looh, if this be the coat of thy son or 
not." " No," replied the Pope, with a smile ; " it is the coat of 
a son of Mars ; let Mars deliver him." Ten thousand marks 
were then offered by the bishop for his ransom, but in vain ; he 
did not recover his liberty 'till the death of Richard. 

During this time England enjoyed a brief respite from the 
horrors of war upon her own soil, but suffered from an evil that 
was only second to it. The exactions of the king went beyond 
all bounds, and were such as to spread poverty from one end of 
the kingdom to the other. He resumed the lands and offices 
of the crown, which he had sold before he went to Palestine ; 
he raised to five shillings the former tax of two upon every 
caracute of land, the caracute being fixed at one hundred acres, 
while, to ensure payment, the lord was to distrain upon his 
tenant ; and if any deficiency then remained, the sheriff was to 
make it good by a distress on the demesne lands of the lord ; 
he revived tournaments, which had been introduced in the 
reign of Stephen, and forbidden by the wiser policy of his suc- 
cessors, but made a royal license the indispensable qualification 
for admission, fixing its price at twenty marks for an earl, ten for 
a baron, four for a knight with land, and two for a knight with- 
out land ; he broke the great seal, and ordered that no grants 
that were not resealed under the new one should be held valid, 
which of course necessitated the payment a second time of the 
fees that had been discharged already ; he ordered that he should 
be considered as succeeding in the place of the Jews killed in 
the first year of his reign, and demanded fines of their murderers, 
as well as payment of their debtors ; he commanded that his 
judges should annul all grants made by prince John, receive the 
moneys due to him, enquire into the state of all wardships and 
escheats, the real value of lands, and the stock on every farm, 
that they should impose talliages on the cities, burghs, and 



RICHARD THE FIRST. 85 

ancient crown-demesnes, and finally should require pay- 
ment from all wlio had promised to contribute towards his 
ransom. In the broad light of history the king looks very 
different from the lion-hearted and generous Richard of minstrels 
and romancers. 

Exactions of this kind could not fail of exciting a very general 
discontent, and a demagogue, by name William Fitz-Osbert, at- 
tempted to take advantage of it. Whilst professing himself 
the advocate of the people, he yet allowed the justice of the 
war, but contended that the rich and powerful had shifted 
the burthen from their own shoulders to those of the mid- 
dling and lower classes. So little indeed did his scheme imply 
any attack upon the regal authority that he crossed the sea 
to lay his doctrines before the king, and being favourably re- 
ceived, he returned in haste that he might carry them into 
effect. For awhile there seemed every promise of his ultimate 
success, 'till the archbishop ranged himself on the side of wealth 
and power, and, the adherents of Fitz-Osbert falling from him, 
he was stabbed in the attempt to escape from the church into 
which he had fled for refuge. Even then his opponents could 
not let him die in quiet ; he was dragged at the horse's tail to 
the Elms at Tyburn, and there hung with nine of his followers. 

The reign and the life of Richard were now drawing to a 
close. A treasure had been discovered on the estate of Vidomar, 
Viscount of Limoges, from whom it was demanded by the king, 
in virtue of his regal rights. Vidomar offered to surrender half; 
it was refused, and Richard besieged his castle of Chalons. While 
riding round the walls he was wounded by an arrow in the left 
shoulder, whereupon the signal of assault was given, and the 
castle taken by storm. With that strange mixture of fierceness 
and generosity, that marked his character, unregulated by reason, 
he caused all the other captives to be hung as robbers of his 
royal treasures, but spared Gourdon, the archer, who had in- 
flicted the wound, though already, under the hands of an ignorant 



86 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 



surgeon it showed the undeniable sign of mortification. Death 
speedily ensued, when Gourdon instead of receiving the hundred 
shillings which had been given him by the king, was flayed ahve 
by Marcadee, in revenge for his unlucky skill. 

Of Richard's character, little favourable can be said. He 
possessed brute courage in the highest degree, and had strength 
that made his courage more than ordinarily formidable. A 
century after his death, the Saracen warrior would use his name 
to chide an unruly horse, and the Saracen mother would employ 
it to terrify her children. But the only real good he did to 
England, must be sought in two legislative charters, by one of 
which he established an uniformity of weights and measures 
throughout the realm, while by the other he mitigated the severe 
iniquity of the law in regard to wrecks. At one time, by the 
loss of his vessel the owner lost all interest in his property, 
which then became vested in the crown ; and it is curious to see 
by what slow degrees the bulk of mankind have at any time 
been able to recover the rights which they once suffered to be 
wrested from them; by a concession of Henry the First, the 
wreck was not legally to be considered as such, if any man 
escaped with life ; by Henry the Second, it was enacted that 
even if a beast survived, the owner should be allowed three 
months to claim his property, under an implied notion that the 
animal might be instrumental in his discovery. Richard went 
yet farther ; by a law, which must then have appeared highly 
generous, though it now seems no more than a tardy act of 
justice, he established that if the owner were lost, his sons and 
daughters, or in default of them his brothers and sisters should 
have a claim to the property before the crown. 

Richard died a.d. 1199, in the 10th year of his reign. 







3Jo[)n, sucnamet) ^anstcrce, or ilaclilann. 




N consequence of the death of Richard with- 
out legitimate issue, his nephew Arthur, the 
son of Geoffrey, was the next heir to the 
throne, according to the present notions of 
hnear succession. But in those days some- 
thing of the spirit of an elective monarchy pre- 
vailed in England, while the kings themselves assumed the right 
of hequeathing the crown by w^ill, as if it had been theirs to give 
or to withhold. Thus Richard, w^ho had gradually become recon- 
ciled to his brother John, on liis death-bed declared him his suc- 
cessor, and required all present to do him homage, at the same 
time bequeathing him his treasures. His subjects however seem to 
have thought that they had the right of choosing their own mas- 
ter, and while some were ready to receive John for a monarch, 
others preferred the claims of Arthur, nor was it till after much 
discussion in a great council held at Northampton, that the 
party of John prevailed. The exclusion of Arthur was chiefly 
justified on the elective rights of the people, under which name 
of the people was by no means signified the bulk of the nation, 
but the prelates and nobles, w^ho w^ere strong enough to main- 
tain their privileges. 

II 



88 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

On the continent the affairs of John were far from being 
equally prosperous. Philip thought this a favourable opportu- 
nity for annexing the English provinces in his neighbourhood to 
France, and a war of little interest was terminated by John's 
giving his niece, Blanche, in marriage to Louis the son of Philip, 
transferring to him many valuable fiefs by way of wedding- 
portion, and paying twenty thousand marks as the relief for his 
succession to the duchy of Bretagne. 

No sooner were affairs in France thus terminated, and not 
much to his honour and advantage, than John, by his wilfulness 
plunged himself into fresh difficulties. It was twelve years since 
he had been married to Pladwisa, or Johanna, the heiress to the 
earldom of Gloucester, an union originally contracted from 
motives of interest. Her estates had been a matter of much 
importance to him, while only Earl of Mortagne, but now that 
he had gained the crown, her property was of far less considera- 
tion, and he did not scruple to sue for a divorce, which was 
readily granted by the Archbishop of Bordeaux. The usual 
plea of consanguinity afforded a decent pretext for this conces- 
sion, and when we consider the way in which the eighth Henry 
used to cut the Gordian knot of marriage because he wanted 
the same means of untying it, we shall hardly think the female 
world lost any thing by this facility of divorce. It is surely 
much better to part with a husband than with the head. 

Having thus freed himself of his old obligation, John sent 
ambassadors to Lisbon, to demand in marriage the princess of 
Portugal ; but before an answer could be returned, he saw and 
immediately fell in love with Isabella, daughter to Aymer, Count 
of Angouleme, w^hose hand had been previously promised to 
Hugh, Count de La Marche. Both father and daughter were 
too much dazzled by the splendour of a throne, to think of any 
prior engagement ; the marriage took place in defiance of all 
complaints or remonstrances from the injured parties, and John 



JOHN. 89 

carrying his bride to England, the Primate crowned the new 
king and queen at Westminster. 

The Count de la Marche too feeble to redress his own wrongs 
appealed to Philij), as their common lord, and he, only too glad 
of this opportunity to exalt himself at the expense of one who 
was both his rival and his vassal, espoused the cause of the 
injured party without hesitation. The discontented barons has- 
tened to join him, and for a time their united forces met with an 
uninterrupted current of success, one fortress surrendering to 
them after another. To the youthful Arthur was allotted the 
glory of making prisoner the queen mother, Eleanor, who was 
lodged in the castle of Mirabeau, in Poictou, with a feeble gar- 
rison, while the weakness of the defences seemed to hold out 
every prospect of its being soon and easily taken. Roused from 
his usual apathy by the danger of his mother, John hurried to 
the rescue, and obtained a complete victory over the enemy, 
who before had broken down the city-gates and held the queen 
besieged in a tower, whither she had fled for safety, refusing to 
capitulate. To put the cope-stone on his good fortune, John 
found his nephew Arthur among the prisoners, and he immedi- 
ately placed this important prize in the strong castle of Falaise, 
for more security. Here he endeavoured to persuade the young 
prince to resign his pretensions to the crown of England ; Ar- 
thur refused the proposal with scorn, and was then removed to 
a dungeon of the new tower in the castle of Rouen, and in a 
short time was no more heard of. His enemies did not hesitate 
to tax John with having murdered him, and such a crime was 
so consonant to the unscrupulous character of the king, and of 
the age in which he lived, that there is no reason for doubting the 
justice of the charge. At the time it was so universally believed 
that the Bretons took up arms to be revenged upon the mur- 
derer, and the Bishop of Rennes accused him of it before his 
suzerain lord Philip, who immediately summoned him to answer 

the charge in presence of his peers, John refused, and the 

H 2 



90 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

French court adjudged him to have forfeited all the lands he 
held by homage, as one guilty of felony and treason. To give 
effept to this sentence, Philip and the Bretons invaded his ter- 
ritories at the same time from different quarters, and after taking 
several minor fortresses, proceeded to the attack of Chateau 
Gaillard, a strong castle upon a rock that overhung the Seine. 
To cut off all supplies from the garrison, they threw a bridge of 
boats across the river, while John despatched the Earl of Pem- 
broke to the relief of the besieged. The latter determined to 
make a night-attack by land and water at the same time, and 
himself arriving at the appointed hour, made so furious an 
assault, that the French were thrown into great confusion ; but 
he was unsupported by his flotilla, which had to contend against 
both wind and current, and in consequence did not come up 
'till the moment of his defeat. John made no further effort 
for the defence of his continental territories. Retiring to Rouen 
he abandoned himself to pleasure, affecting to despise the enemy 
he was afraid to cope with, and when their near approach, after 
a long career of ^dctory, compelled him to a resolution of some 
kind he hastily fled to England. This apparently pusillanimous 
conduct might however have been owing to the treachery of his 
barons ; that they were far from being sincere in his cause is 
abundantly evident ; when upon his return to England John had 
raised large sums of money and a powerful army for the prose- 
cution of the war, they informed him through Archbishop Hu- 
bert, that they had one and all determined not to embark — a 
wise resolution if it were embraced from wise motives. 

The French king, having thus so little to oppose him, quickly 
made himself master of Chateau Gaillard, Falaise, Rouen, and 
other strong places, nor paused in the career of victory 'till all 
Normandy, Anjou, Maine, and Touraine, had either been sub- 
dued by his arms, or yielded up to him by treachery. But it 
was now that Guy de Thouars, alarmed at the preponderance 
Philip had obtained by these additions to the French crown, 



JOHN. 01 

abandoned his cause, and confederated with John, who had by- 
some means either persuaded or controlled his refractory barons 
and disembarked with a large army on the shores of Rochelle. 
At first the English king exhibited unusual energy, and met 
with corresponding success ; he took the strong castle Mon- 
tauban, in a few days, and burnt the city of Angers ; but he 
soon relapsed into his wonted apathy, and entered into negotia- 
tions with Philipj when by the interference of the papal legate, 
an armistice was agreed upon for two years. 

If John were really fond of ease and quiet, there was some- 
thing either in his own nature or in the caprices of fortune, 
that was for ever preventing him from the attainment of them. 
It was now his ill-luck to fall into a serious dispute with the 
Pope, who, armed with the thunders of the Vatican, was a much 
more dangerous enemy than Philip. But to understand this con- 
test thoroughly, it is necessary that the reader should be re- 
minded of certain ecclesiastical re2;ulations. 

Among the immunities of the Church, which the English 
kings on their coronation always swore to maintain, was a right 
claimed by the chapters of electing their own prelates. But the 
bishoprics afforded the monarchs an easy mode of rewarding 
their friends, and were far too important from the baronies 
annexed to them to be confided to their enemies, if such a thino; 
could be avoided. Hence, therefore they had been in the habit 
of retaining in their own hands the real nomination, while they 
left to the chapters the show of a free election. The contri- 
vance by which this was effected, was simple and obvious. 
The chapters were bound to have the royal licence, before they 
could proceed to their election, and this gave the king an op- 
portunity of re jommendation ; they were bound, when their 
choice had been made, to submit it to the royal approval, and 
this gave the king a right of veto. Yet thus far the custom of 
England did not differ from that of other countries ; but as 
several of the cathedral churches had originally been vested in 



9'2 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

monasteries, and were still served by monks, the latter laid 
claim to all the rights in other cases exercised by the chapters. 
Little mischief had arisen from these discordant elements ex- 
cept in regard to the see of Canterbury, which conferred too 
much importance on the elected primate, not to be an object of 
contention with all parties, king, monks, and prelates. The 
latter insisted on a concurrent, if not exclusive, right of election; 
the monks of Christchurch maintained with no less zeal their 
side of the question ; and the dispute, renewed upon the death 
of each succeeding archbishop, had never been brought to a 
final settlement. The monks, though they might be defeated, 
and their claims over-ruled, yet always refused to acknowledge 
the justice of such decisions, and reserved to themselves the 
right of contesting the point with the next opportunity. That 
opportunity had now come by the death of Hubert, and they 
were not slow to use it. Assembling secretly in the night-time, 
they elected their sub-prior Reginald to the vacant see, without 
the necessary preliminary of a royal licence. An election thus 
defective in one essential preliminary, it was obvious could not 
be maintained except by the authority of the Roman pontiff, 
and to him accordingly they despatched the sub-prior after hav- 
ing exacted from him an oath that he would not divulge the 
secret till he had sounded the pope, and made sure of his appro- 
bation. The vanity of Reginald defeated their prudence ; the 
moment he reached the continent, he assumed the title of arch- 
bishop elect, in consequence of which the monks, setting aside 
their own choice, requested and obtained the royal Hcense, but 
with a recommendation to elect John de Gray, Bishop of Nor- 
wich. They complied and sent twelve of their body to support 
his cause at Rome. 

There were now three parties to the dispute, and Pope Inno- 
cent first decided between the bishops and the monks, pronounc- 
ing judgment in favour of the latter, whose privilege had been 
built on the prescription of ages. He next considered the 



JOHN. 03 

claims of the two rivals for the primacy, and annulled both their 
elections ; that of Reginald was adjudged contrary to the cano- 
nical form, while the Bishop of Norwich was set aside because 
he had been chosen before the prior election had been declared 
null and invalid. Itwould seem that such a decision was agreeable 
to the juridical notions of the age, for it had been foreseen by 
John, who had in consequence given permission to his delegates 
to make a new choice, but bound them by oath to re-elect the 
Bishop of Norwich. To this the pope objected, and perhaps 
from the grounds that he avowed, — namely that Gray, as one 
of the royal justiciaries had little time to attend to the spiritual 
government of his see ; or it might be that his preference for 
Stephen de Langton, whom he now selected for the primacy, 
was the cause of his rejecting the other pretenders. Whether 
this exercise of power were founded in right or not, the choice 
would appear to have been altogether unobjectionable. Langton 
was by birth an Englishman, and he had taught with such 
success in the schools at Paris, that he had been made chan- 
cellor of the university, and had obtained church preferment in 
his own countr}^ It should be mentioned too in proof of the 
Pope's sincerity, that he rejected with scorn a bribe of three 
thousand marks, which were offered to buy a favourable decision 
for the king's candidate. 

To obviate all objections to Langton, as far as possible, 
Innocent despatched ministers to England, requesting the royal 
permission for the monks proceeding to a fresh election, and 
when the choice had been made in conformity with his wishes, 
he earnestly sought to obtain the king's sanction to it. But 
his letters were stopt at Dover, and when after waiting for a 
time Innocent found that he received no answer, he himself 
consecrated the Cardinal at Viterbo. A measure so decisive 
might perhaps have compelled submission from John, had not 
his anger been kept ahve by the Bishop of Norwich, who was 
unwilling to relinquish so valuable a prize, and that already 



94 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

within his grasp. The monks were the first to feel the effects 
of the king's resentment, upon the double ground of their having 
been the original cause of the dispute by their illegal election of 
Reginald, and of their having a second time defeated the king's 
wishes, by choosing Stephen de Langton. A body of armed 
men was sent to expel them from their convent, and their lands 
Vv^ere confiscated to the crown, while they themselves were com- 
pelled to seek refuge on the continent. It was in vain that the 
Pope endeavoured to soften John's resentment, declaring that 
the past should not be drawn into a precedent injurious to the 
regal rights : the wisdom or the obstinacy of the king was proof 
against all persuasions. The Pope however, was still from mo- 
tives of policy, unwilling to proceed to the last extremes, and 
ordered the bishops of Ely, London, and Worcester, to try 
what their influence could effect with the king, backed with the 
menace of putting the whole kingdom under interdict, if he 
persisted in his refusal. John still remained inflexible, where- 
upon the prelates pronounced the fatal sentence, and, having 
committed this act of treason against their monarch, they fled 
secretly from the island to avoid his resentment. 

And here it may be well to remark — as indeed it already has 
been by the best of Roman Catholic historians — that the interdict 
was an exercise of clerical power unknown in the early ages of 
Christianity. Some faint traces of it may be found about the 
year 560, but it was not 'till the eleventh century that its nature 
and extent were really understood, and its use became frequent, 
as a means of controuling the will of monarchs, by setting in 
array against them the religious feelings of their people. On 
the death of Charlemagne, the nobles had been left without any 
master-hand of sufficient strength to controul them, and all the 
nations of Europe groaned under the multitude of these petty 
tyrants, each of whom was a scourge to his immediate circle. 
Fortunately for the people at large, their spirit of rapacity did 
not spare the altar, and the clergy in self-defence taking up their 



JOHN. 95 

proper weapons, opposed art to violence. Many were the expedi- 
ents which their superior knowledge supplied them with, for con- 
trouling the brute-force of their antagonists, and at length in a 
synod held at Limoges, the abbot Odolric, suggested the inter- 
dict ; "until the nobles," said he, "cease from their ravages, 
do you forbid the celebration of mass, the solemnities of marriage 
and the burial of the dead. Let the churches be stript of their 
ornaments, and the faithful observe the abstinence of Lent." 
The experiment was tried, and proved so successful that ever 
afterwards it was considered the most powerful weapon in the 
ecclesiastical armoury, even kings and emperors giving way 
before its thunders. 

It may be supposed that the interdict lost none of its usual 
efficacy, when employed against a monarch so universally un- 
popular as John. The people were struck with awe, when they 
found that the churches were closed, the funeral bells had ceased 
to toll, and the dead were committed in silence to unconsecrated 
ground. John alone maintained the show of indifference amidst 
the general consternation, while he gratified liis revenge by 
throwing into prison the relations of the three bishops, con- 
fiscated their property, and took possession of all the ecclesias- 
tical revenues, telling the outcasts to seek pity and compensation 
from the Pope. But the priests were for the most part too pru- 
dent to leave England, and tried to subsist there on the charity 
of their friends. 

The interdict lasted some years, during which the success of 
his arms threw a temporary lustre on the royal cause. Shortly 
after his coronation the Scottish king, William, had done hom- 
age to him at Lincoln, swearing fealty to him for life, — saving 
his own right, — and when he had risen from his knees, de- 
manded that right in the shape of three counties of Northum- 
berland, Cumberland, and Westmoreland. John eluded the 
grant at the time by fair promises of returning an answer when 
his leisure permitted it, upon which William did not hesitate to 



96 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

subscribe a charter acknowledging the feudal superiority of the 
English crown. They parted, however, it may be supposed 
with no very kindly feelings at heart, whatever face they might 
both deem it prudent to set upon the matter, and after nine 
years of doubtful tranquillity, John's wrath was again fully 
kindled against his ro3'^al vassal. At the head of a numerous army 
he encamped near Norham, and William finding himself unable 
to cope with so powerful an enemy, submitted to a fine of 
fifteen thousand marks, gave several noblemen as hostages for 
their payment, and surrendered two of his daughters to the 
custody of his liege-lord. 

Having been thus successful in Scotland, John had leisure 
to turn his attention to Ireland, where he had ample grounds of 
complaint not only in the conduct of the natives, but in the 
lawless violence of his English chieftains, who did not hesitate 
to use the feudal privilege of waging war upon each other. 
Landing at Dublin, in twelve weeks he had reduced his refractory 
barons to obedience and established the English law among the 
settlers, when leaving the government of the English county to 
the Bishop of Norwich he returned to his own land in safety. 

He was no less successful in Wales in the following year. 
The Welsh had made incursions on the nearest counties, as they 
never failed to do with every opportunity that offered itself, 
but they were driven back again by the monarch, who at the 
foot of Snowden dictated to Llewellyn the terms of a fresh peace. 
These were sufficiently severe, and rendered yet more so by the 
exaction of twenty-eight hostages, all of whom died upon the 
gallows next year in consequence of their countrymen breaking 
in again upon the English borders according to their usual 
custom. 

Had things gone wrong with the king, his want of success 
no doubt would have been attributed by the superstition of the 
age to his being under the interdict ; in reason then his con- 
tinued triumph sliould have been attributed ; but it is plain 



JOHN. 97 

that this was far from being the case, and that the discontent 
of the people thus deprived of their usual reUgious ceremonies 
made John anxious to come to a reconciliation with the Pope 
if it could be eftected on anv terms consistent with the national 
honour and the safety of his crown. Many negotiations were 
entered into and again broken oft' — the clerg}^ of the day said, 
by the king's fault — one great point of difficulty being the 
money which he had wrested from the ecclesiastics, and had no 
fancy for returning. At the end of a year thus passed in 
treaties that came to nothing, the pope had recourse to another 
expedient and fulminated against him a bull of excommunica- 
tion, but he had the ports so closely watched, that the sentence 
could not be proclaimed in England and 'till it was so it re- 
mained of no eft'ect. As a farther means of protection, he 
sought the alliance of the Emir Al IVloumenim, who by his 
conquests in Spain seemed to be in a fair way of driving Chris- 
tianity out of the South of Europe altogether. This plan, how- 
ever, which might have changed the whole face of the European 
world was defeated by the extreme caution of the Emir ; ac- 
cording to the received tale he adjured Robert of London, one 
of the envoys, to tell him on the faith of a Christian, " what 
kind of man his master was." The ecclesiastic rephed that 
" he was a tyrant, who would soon be deposed by his subjects." 
We might admire Robert's love of truth, had he not on his re- 
turn accepted from the king the custody of the abbey of St. 
Alban's during the interdict, as a reward for fideUty to the 
master whom he had been betraying. Worse than Judas, he 
did not hang himself after recei\dng the price of treachery. 

Four years had now elapsed without any abatement in the 
king's resolution, and the clergy w4io no doubt feared if the 
people were much longer deprived of their religious rites they 
might learn to dispense with them altogether, became more and 
more importunate with Innocent to proceed to the last ex- 
tremitv. This for a long time he was unwilling to do, and as 



98 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

he was both a wise and determined prince, who had never 
shown himself indisposed to use his authority, when it could 
be done with safety to the Church, we may reasonably conclude 
that John was not so generally odious to his people as it has 
pleased historians to represent him. At length however the 
Pope yielded to the importunity that beset him, absolved John's 
vassals from their oaths of fealty, and urged all Christian 
princes to unite in dethroning the enemy to the papal see. 
Philip, who would have shrunk from the contest had the lion- 
hearted Richard been upon the throne, immediately prepared 
to invade England. John on his side raised a large army to 
meet the enemy, and was now lying at Dover when he was 
visited by the Cardinal legate, Pandulph, who tried to work 
upon his fears by painting the immense resources of the French 
king, and the treachery of his own barons. Superstition, too, 
it is said, mingled in the game. Peter the Hermit had predicted 
that by the feast of the Ascension Day he would have ceased 
to reign, and it now wanted only three days to that time. The 
result was, John agreed, though with much reluctance, that 
Stephen Langton should be admitted to the archbishopric of 
Canterbury, that the clergy should be restored to their offices, 
and have full compensation for the moneys extorted from them, 
that all outlawries should be reversed, and that a general in- 
demnity should be given for all offences connected with the late 
dispute. The faithful observance of this treaty was guaranteed 
by four of the most potent barons, and it was one that placed 
John completely in the situation of a vassal as regarded the 
pope, for he ^vas now compelled to take the same oath of fealty 
that feudal lords were accustomed to exact from those who 
held lands under them ; — to so low a state had the vices of 
John and the rebellious spirit of his nobles reduced the country, 
the people as usual being the greatest sufferers. That this is 
no exaggerated statement will appear from the veiy terms of the 
oath as given by the best and most faithful of modern histo- 



JOHN. 99 

rians, the learned Dr. Lingard. — '* He (John) swore that he 
would be faithful to God, to the blessed Peter, to the Roman 
Church, to Pope Innocent, and to Innocent's rightful succes- 
sors ! that he would not by word, deed, or assent, abet their 
enemies to the loss of life, or limb, or liberty ; that he would 
keep their counsel, and never reveal it to their injury ; and that 
he would aid them to the best of his power to preserve and 
defend against all men the patrimony of Saint Peter, and espe- 
cially the two kingdoms of England and Ireland." — As if this 
were not degradation enough, he then put into the hands of the 
envoy a charter subscribed by himself, one archbishop, one 
bishop, nine earls, and two barons, by virtue of which he con- 
sented to hold England and Ireland of the Roman church in 
fee, by the annual rent of one thousand marks, reserving to 
himself the administration of justice and the rights of the 
crown. The instrument farther testified that this infamous 
surrender of the national freedom to a foreign potentate was 
made with the unanimous consent of his barons, no mention 
occurring of the people who seem to have had as little voice 
in the disposal of their own persons, as the hogs and cattle, 
that they fattened for the market. 

If the barons had assented to this treaty in the hope of find- 
ing a protector in the Pope against the king's tyranny, they 
quickly found their error. Upon their first appeal to their 
new suzerain he sided at once with John, when, with a facility 
that to us must appear surprising, they transferred their alle- 
giance to Louis, the son of Philip, Hence arose a feud between 
Innocent and the French monarch, who immediately prepared 
to enforce his son's claims by force of arms. But Ferrand, 
Earl of Flanders, refusing to follow his feudal superior in what 
he termed an unjust expedition, Philip was forced to defer the 
intended invasion of England 'till he had reduced his refractory 
vassal to subjection. Fortunately for Ferrand the English 
fleet was ready to put to sea, and his secret friends now became 



100 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

his open allies, flying to liis assistance, they for a moment turned 
the scale in his favour. The French fleet was defeated and 
would have been utterly destroyed had not William the Long- 
sword, Earl of Salisbury, sent part of his army in pursuit of 
the plunderers, which gave time for the French army to come 
up, when the English were driven back again to their ships. 
Still even this imperfect success had the effect of causing PhiHp 
to retreat. 

John would fain now have carried the war into France, but 
on reaching Jersey on his way to the Norman coast, he found 
that none of his barons had followed him. Instead of obeying 
his mandate to summon their retainers and come after him, 
they had assembled in council at St. Alban's, whence they 
issued their resolves in the form of royal proclamations. But 
the wisdom of their enactments fully justified the illegality of 
these proceedings. It was the great merit of the barons that 
they sought to re-establish the laws of Henry I., which, as they 
comprehended those of the good King Edward, were a check 
upon any arbitrary exercise of power on the part of the monarch. 

Thus baffled in his projects, John returned to England breath- 
ing vengeance against his barons, whom he determined to punish 
by the quick, unhesitating process of military law. With this 
view he begun his march to Nottingham, turning a deaf ear to 
the remonstrances of Langton, who reminded him that the ac- 
cused had a right to be tried by their peers, and were wilhng 
to appear to their answer in the king's court. To all such 
arguments John only replied with more of justice than of court- 
sey, " rule you the church, and leave me to govern the state," 
upon which the primate had recourse to the usual church- 
weapons, and threatened to excommunicate all who should 
assist him. John was compelled to yield, and taking advantage 
of this delav, in a meetins; that was convened in London at St. 
Paul's, Langton persuaded the barons to bind themselves by 
oath to maintain their rights and freedom or die in their defence. 



JOHN. 101 

But the Pope, who had reduced the king to the state of a sub- 
ject, and who could scarcely hope for so tractable a tool in the 
fierce barons, threw the whole weight of his influence in the 
scale of John. Confident in this support, the English king did 
not hesitate to sail again for France, but in an action w^hicli 
took place at Bovines he sustained a total defeat, the Earl of 
Boulogne being killed, while Salisbury and the Earl of Flanders 
were made prisoners. This led to a truce for five years, and 
the king returned to England, where the barons had not been 
idle during his absence. They had held several meetings, the 
result of which was a resolution to demand a charter of their 
liberties in the king's court on the festival of Christmas, and, if 
denied, to coerce the king into their measures by force of arms. 
The day came ; the demands were made and rejected ; the ma- 
jority of the barons remained true to their oaths, and John, 
foiled by their resolution, desired a respite till the following 
Easter, when he promised they should have a final answer ; 
the Earl of Pembroke, the Archbishop of Canterbury, and the 
Bishop of Ely, becoming security for the fulfilment of the 
king's promise, the barons after some demur consented. 

It would seem that John asked this delay for no other pur- 
pose than to strengthen himself against the barons and place 
himself in a position to resist their demands. To win over the 
churchmen he granted them a variety of fresh privileges, all no 
less injurious to the privileges hitherto enjoyed by the crown 
than the claims set forward by the revolters ; and as a climax 
to his concessions took the cross, though it is probable with no 
very serious intention of ever engaging in personal warfare with 
the Saracens. To so dutiful a son the holy father could not 
well do otherwise than grant the utmost influence of the papal 
see. He wrote to Langton, defending the king's cause, and 
even insinuated that the primate himself was accused of having 
fomented these disorders. In a second letter to the barons he 
rebuked them for endeavouring to extort by violence what they 



102 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

should have solicited as a favour, but promised if they pro- 
ceeded vdih more moderation for the future he would use his 
influence with the king to obtain for them whatever they could 
reasonably require. In both his letters he annulled by his own 
authority all confederacies held since that of Dover, and for- 
bade any such in time to come, under pain of excommunication. 
Easter came, and the barons assembled at Stamford, whence 
they proceeded with an immense retinue to Brackley. The 
king, who was lying at Oxford, sent the primate with the Earls 
of Pembroke and Warenne, to learn their demands, and upon 
their bringing back the same paper that had been presented 
to him before, he returned an immediate and positive refusal. 
At the same time he appealed to the Pope, as his feudal lord, 
and the protector of all who had taken the cross, offering to 
abide by the advice of his court, in respect to any grievances 
that might have arisen since the time of Henry the Second. 
On their part the barons would accept of nothing short of their 
original demands, whereupon Pandulph and the Bishop of Exeter 
w^ere earnest with the primate, to excommunicate them ; but 
the latter rephed that he was better acquainted with the inten- 
tions of Innocent, and that he should certainly excommunicate 
the foreign troops introduced by John, unless he speedily dis- 
missed them. In this dilemma the king proposed to refer their 
dispute to eight arbitrators, the one half to be chosen by himself, 
and the other half by his opponents. The barons refused the 
offer, and having elected Robert Fitz-Walter, for their leader, 
proclaimed themselves the army of God and his holy Church, 
and invested Northampton. Deficient in military engines, they 
could hardly hope to cany the fortress, and the fidelity of the 
foreign garrison to their employer, rendered fruitless every 
attempt at corruption. To make amends for this first disap- 
pointment, Bedford was surrendered to them by its governor, 
and some of the chief citizens of the metropohs invited their 
approach to London. It was Sunday morning, when they ar- 



JOHN. 103 

rived ; the greater part of the inhabitants was at church ; the 
gates stood open ; and the city was occupied without opposition. 
The confederates then despatched letters to the other barons 
and knights, who had hitherto stood aloof, declaring that if they 
did not join the army they should be treated as enemies, a 
menace which prevailed with the generality of them. 

It was now plain to John that he could only save his crown 
by submission, and yielding to circumstances he agreed to grant 
their full petition, and requested them to name a day and place 
of conference. Runnymead, a large level tract between Staines 
and Windsor, was in consequence appointed by them, and the 
time having come, the demands of the petitioners were presented 
to John under the title of a Charter of liberties. Nor was this 
all. They required as a further security that he should disband 
and send out of the kingdom all his foreign officers ; that they 
should for two months longer retain possession of the city, while 
the Primate held in trust the tower; that twenty-five barons 
should be chosen, with full powers to decide all claims in con- 
formity with the new charter ; that the freemen in every county 
should have full license to swear fealty to tlie committee of 
barons, and should be held justified in taking up arms at their 
orders ; and lastly, that if the king violated this compact, the 
barons might retain the tower as well as city, and levy war 
against him. John subscribed the charter, and acceded to these 
conditions, upon which the barons again did homage, and again 
received from him their honours and estates. 

Much importance, even in modern times, has been attached 

to this charter, as if it were the foundation of the national 

liberties. But, in truth, it was no attempt to estabhsh soufid 

legislative principles, nor did it even present a new code of law, 

in the proper meaning of the phrase ; it was simply a practical 

remedy of the most crying of the abuses which then existed, and 

though highly useful at the time cannot be supposed to exercise 

much influence on the destinies of long-subseciuent generations. 

I 



104 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

The most praiseworthy clause in it, and the only one which 
concerned the nation at large, was that which provided " that 
every liberty and custom the king had granted to his tenants, 
as far as concerned him, should be observed by the clergy and 
laity towards their tenants as far as concerned them." 

During the whole of the meeting John is said to have exer- 
cised the most profound arts of dissimulation ; speaking to all 
with kindness, and lavishing the fairest promises for the future. 
The moment it was over he gave way to the most unbounded 
passion, from which he was only recalled by his more temperate 
advisers, to meditate on the speediest means of vengeance. 
Without loss of time he despatched agents abroad, to raise 
foreign soldiers for a new war against his people, while by others 
he invoked the aid of Innocent, representing every concession 
that had been extorted from himself as an insult to the Pontiff of 
whom he held his territories. 

However privately these things might be managed, it would 
seem that they had not altogether escaped the notice of the 
barons, for their suspicions were excited, and, in consequence, 
writs were issued to the twelve commissioners already elected 
in each county, in virtue of which they were to take possession 
of the lands, houses, and chattels of all who had refused to 
swear fealty to the twenty- five conservators. If they persisted 
in their contumacy beyond the fortnight allowed them for re- 
flection, their goods were to be sold, and the proceeds given to 
the fund for the expedition to Palestine, while their lands and 
tenements were held by the barons till they recanted. 

Another interview now took place at Oxford ; and, this 
proving fruitless, the king, whose object was to gain time, ap- 
pointed a third for August. On the very day he should have 
met the barons he was at Dover, receiving the foreign mer- 
cenaries, who were flocking to his standard, many of whom had 
brought with them their families, in the hope that they should 
obtain settlements at the expense of the people they were to 



JOHN. 105 

help to subjugate. Alarmed by these proceedings and their 
evident tendency, the barons, who had hitherto hesitated to 
commence a civil war, now ordered WilUam D'Albini to seize 
Rochester castle, which had been entrusted to the king by 
Langton as a pledge of his sincerity. But before D'Albini 
could supply the place with either provisions or warlike engines, 
in both of which it was deficient, John besieged it with his mer- 
cenaries, and the barons, though they marched out of London, 
did not dare to face the superior numbers of the royafists, and 
the garrison, after having nobly sustained many severe assaults, 
were compelled by famine to surrender. John ordered them all 
to be hanged on the spot, and it was only by the remonstrances 
of Sauveiy de Mauleon, who feared it might be retaliated on his 
own officers, that he was persuaded to confine the knights in 
separate castles ; the common soldiers found no intercessors, 
and were all hung, with the exception of the bowmen, who were 
probably deemed valuable enough to be taken into the tyrant's 
service. 

While John was thus employed in hanging his subjects, an 
answer to his requests came from Pope Innocent, annulling the 
charter as he had desired, and, amongst other reasons, upon the 
very vahd ground that England had become a fief of the holy 
see, and that, if John had the will, he had not the right, to give 
away the privileges of the crown, such privileges being vested 
in the Pope himself. What right John ever had to give away 
the English people, fike the negroes on a West Indian estate, 
Innocent wholly forgot to mention. 

The sturdy barons, however — and for once we have reason to 
be thankful to them — were inflexible, and resolved to maintain 
their freedom against all parties. Finding his authority thus 
set at nought, Innocent ordered Langton to excommunicate the 
recusants ; Langton refused ; in consequence, he was suspended 
from the exercise of his archiepiscopal functions, and the sen- 
tence of excommunication was fulminated without his interven- 

I 2 



106 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

tion. Even this dreaded measure produced no effect upon the 
barons ; they maintained that the Pope's authority extended 
only to ecclesiastical matters, and that he had no right to inter- 
fere in temporal concerns. 

In this state of affairs it was plain that arms must decide the 
question of right. Confident in his superiority, the king divided 
his army into two parts, at the head of one of which he marched 
towards the north, while he entrusted the other to Salisbury, 
with orders to lay waste the offending counties of Essex, Hert- 
ford, Middlesex, Cambridge, Ely, and Huntingdon. 

The march of this crowned ruffian was marked by all the 
horrors of Scythian warfare. Northumberland, Cumberland, 
and Durham, had been made over by the barons to Alexander, 
king of Scotland, as the price of his assistance, and these he 
laid waste without mercy, with his own hands setting fire in the 
morning to the house which had sheltered him through the 
night. Within eight days Morpeth, Mitford, Alnwick, Wark, 
and Roxburgh were utterly consumed ; the inhabitants of the 
districts through which this second Atala passed, if we may be- 
lieve the monkish historians, were plundered, and in many in- 
stances tortured to death, expiring under cruelties too horrible for 
repetition ; agricultural labour was suspended, and the few mar- 
kets that still continued to be held, took place by night in the 
churchyards, which in some cases, but not always, were respected 
by the marauders as possessing the right of sanctuary, and thus 
obtained that forbearance from their religious fears, which they 
certainly would not have received from their humanity. 

Unable to cope with the superior forces of the despot, the 
barons, as a last resource, offered the crown to Louis, the son 
of Philip of France. This young prince was allied to the 
Plantagenets, by his marriage with the niece of John, and having 
received four and twenty hostages from the noblest Enghsh 
families as a security for the good faith of the barons, he sent 
to their aid a numerous band of French knights, with a promise 



JOHN. 107 

that he himself would visit England, on the ensuing Easter, at 
the head of a large army. PhiHp himself affected to hesitate 
in giving his consent, and his son pretending to act upon his 
own rights sent agents to Rome to assure the Pontiff that he 
still continued to be a dutiful son of the Church, and w^as only 
asserting the claims of his wife to the Enghsh throne. His ar- 
guments were as good as such arguments usually are, but it was 
not likely they would be favourably received by Innocent, w^ho 
liimself laid claim to England as a fief of the holy see. He ex- 
communicated Louis, and his adherents, and commanded the 
archbishop of Sens to launch the like thunders against the head 
of Philip ; but the French bishops remained true to their sove- 
reign, and in a synod at Melun resolved to disregard this man- 
date on the casuistical plea usual to such occasions, that the 
Pope had been misinformed. That Innocent would have pun- 
ished their contumacy there can be little doubt, but as fortun- 
ately for them as it was unlucky for John, he died at this im- 
portant juncture, and his death suspended all ecclesiastical pro- 
ceedings at Rome for a while. 

So favourable an event must have confirmed the resolves of 
Louis, if they needed confirmation. He sailed from Calais to 
invade England, but under no very favourable auspices ; a storm 
dispersed his fleet ; many ships were taken by the mariners of 
the Cinque Ports ; and John lay in the neighbourhood of Dover 
with a large army. But either the English king distrusted his 
mercenaries, many of whom had been leaned in territories feu- 
dally subservient to France, or his heart failed him when he had 
most need of courage, for instead of giving battle to the enemy, 
he retreated. His course lay through Winchester to Bristol, 
which he had the good fortune to reach in safety after having 
laid w^aste the country before him, as if he had been in a foreign 
land, and not in the realm which had the misfortune to possess 
him for a sovereign. 

By this time Louis, after having collected his stragglers, hatl 



108 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

landed at Sandwich, reduced Rochester castle, and marched on 
to London, where he received the homage of his new subjects. 
His general affabihty, and a wise disposal of the places in his 
gift, won the affections of the people, always greedy of new 
things, and the campaign now opened in full earnest. All the 
nearest counties to the capital submitted without a struggle, 
Yorkshire, and Lincolnshire, followed the same example, the 
Scottish king declared in his favour, and large numbers of the 
foreign mercenaries abandoned John, either returning to their 
homes, or joining the ranks of his enemy. The Gascons alone, 
or principally, remained faithful to his standard. Still he did 
not despair. If he had lost the open country, his castles yet 
remained to him, and they were the chief fortresses of the king- 
dom, while in the papal legate, Gualo, he had a stanch ally, 
who did his best to defend him with all the weapons of the 
church. 

The result shewed that John had calculated wisely in relpng 
on the strength of his fortified places. Louis was employed for 
months in the siege of Dover castle, and the barons under the 
earl of Nevers, were not more successful in their attempts upon 
that of Windsor. In the mean while the English king carried 
on with vigour, that species of warfare, which always seemed 
most congenial to his temper and habits ; he plundered the land 
without stint or mercy, till the barons, roused to redoubled zeal 
by so general a pillage, endeavoured to surprise him at Walling- 
ford. By some means John got notice of their scheme in time 
to retreat to Stamford, and the confederates finding themselves 
thus baffled joined Louis in the siege of Dover castle. 

The royal cause had now every appearance of finally triumph- 
ing over its enemies. The king had the good fortune to reduce 
Lincoln, while Louis, neglecting the wise policy he had followed 
in the outset, had alienated the affections of liis Enghsh allies, by 
grants to his French adherents of what in reason should have 
been the property of the natives. Suspicion and discontent 



JOHN. 109 

arose amongst the confederates ; a vague report got abroad of 
the Viscount de Melun ha^ang confessed on his death-bed that 
he had sworn with the prince and fifteen of his knights and 
nobles to treat the barons in the event of success, as men whose 
infidelity to their late sovereign was an earnest of treachery to 
their new one. Whether true or not, this tale is said to have had 
its influence on the English revolters, many of whom accepted 
the pardon that had been offered, and hastened to join the royal 
standard. 

All these fair promises, however, were much qualified by a 
considerable loss of men and treasure, that were swallowed up 
in a whirlpool, occasioned by the afflux of the sea-tide, and the 
current of the Welland. The king, who had reached the land 
in safety, with the bulk of his army, was a helpless spectator of 
this disaster, which was only the fore-runner of his own death. 
On arriving at the Cistercian convent of Swineshead, he was 
seized with a violent fever, which has been variously attri- 
buted to poison, to a surfeit, and to what seems quite as probable, 
anxiety and fatigue. In the morning he would have continued 
his journey, but found himself obliged to exchange his horse for 
a litter, and with difficulty "was able to get as far as Sleaford 
castle, where he passed the night. The next day he bore ano- 
ther short remove, and reached the castle of Newark, when it 
became evident to himself as well as to others, that his end was 
approaching. Here, after the religious ceremonies usual with 
men in his state, he appointed his eldest son, Henry, to succeed 
him on the throne, and expired in the forty-ninth year of his 
age. Of his character it were needless to say any thing ; it 
has been sufficiently described in the events of his reign, which 
extended over a period of seventeen years. 









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ENRY of Winchester, as the young prince 
was called, at the time of the king's 
death, was only ten years old. Fortune- 
ately for his future prospects, he had on 
his side the powerful protection of the 
holy see, and might hope that his youth 
and innocence of all offence w^ould plead 
for him with many of those, who upon sufficient grounds, had 
heen decided enemies to his father. 

He was now crowned in the cathedral of Gloucester, hy the 
legate, Gualo, assisted by the bishops of Winchester, Exeter, 
and Bath, when he took the customary oath of English kings 
on such occasions, and swore fealty to Pope Honorius. The 
next day, his advisers issued, in his name, a proclamation of in- 
demnity for all past offences committed against the throne, re- 
quiring, at the same time, that the crown-tenants should do 
homage to their rightful monarch, and that none should appear 
in public for the next month without a white fillet round the 
head, as a sign by which they acknowledged the recent corona- 
tion. A measure of scarcely less importance was the nomina- 



HENRY THE THIRD. Ill 

tion of the Earl of Pembroke to the care of the royal person, 
and the general management of affairs, under the title of guar- 
dian to the kingdom, an office, which he discharged with equal 
talent and fidelity. This was followed by a meeting at Bristol 
of all the bishops and abbots, for the king's cause, now that of 
the Pope, and by many earls, barons, and knights, who had 
either remained faithful to, or had lately seceded from the French 
banners. In this assembly the great charter was revised, and 
to reconcile the young king's rights with those of his subjects, 
some improvements were introduced, and many clauses were 
suspended 'till a fuller meeting of peers could be had to deli- 
berate and decide upon them. This, if it did not at once grant 
all that had been demanded of John, yet conceded much, and 
what still more tended to the general satisfaction, was the fact 
of the omitted points being left open for future discussion. 

By such salutary proceedings the cause of Henry gained 
more and more strength, while that of Louis was gradually 
losing ground with his English adherents, by the preference he 
showed at their expense to his countrymen. Both Gualo and 
the Earl of Pembroke, were men who knew how to take ad- 
vantage of this change of feeling amongst the nobles ; the dark 
tales already in circulation to the injury of Louis, were yet 
more widely disseminated, till people scarcely knew what to 
believe, and the effect of these rumours, whether true or false, 
was heightened and confirmed by the weekly excommunication 
which the legate fulminated against himself and his abettors. 
Nor was the Pope wanting on his part ; he was not only con- 
stantly stimulating the zeal of Gualo, in behalf of his protege, 
but endeavoured by his letters to re-kindle the dormant feelings 
of loyalty in the breast of the disaffected. So powerful a me- 
diator could hardly plead in vain. Many of the recusant 
knights returned to their duty, the Earl of Salisbury being among 
the first of the nobles, to swear fealty to his monarch. Even 
William D'Albini joined the royal cause, when he had paid 



112 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

his fine of a thousand marks and recovered thereby his 
freedom. 

Notwithstanding these favourable appearances, it would seem 
that Hemy stood more in need of breathing-time than his rival, 
for we find at this juncture, Pembroke surrendering two of the 
royal castles to Louis, as the price of a truce till Easter. Both 
parties employed the short inten^al thus gained, in preparing 
for war, which at the end of the armistice, did not fail to be 
renewed ^N^ith encreased animositv, and the whole nation was 
again wrapt in misery, not with the slightest hope of any ad- 
vantage to itself, but to settle who should be its master, Hemy 
of Winchester, or Louis of France. 

At first fortune seemed inclined to favour the confederates, 
whose route was marked by excesses of all kinds, a species of 
warfare in which the foreign mercenaries particularly distin- 
guished themselves. The royafists retreated before them, when, 
instead of pursuing his flying enemy, Louis laid siege to Lincoln 
castle, then defended by Nichola de CamAdlle, a celebrated 
heroine, whose conduct on this occasion showed her not unworthy 
of her reputation. Her defence gave Pembroke time to summon 
the tenants of the crown to Newark, and he soon found himself 
at the head of a large body of infantiy, four hundred knights 
with their esquires, and two hundred and fifty cross-bowmen. 
On his part the legate inflamed the zeal of the troops by giving 
to the war a rehgious character ; he excommunicated their op- 
ponents, exliorted them to fight bravely in the cause of Heaven, 
and conferred upon them all the usual rights and pri\dleges of 
crusaders, upon an expedition against the Saracens. A battle 
ensued within the walls of Lincoln, the royalists ha\4ng been 
admitted by their friends at a postern, when a sally was made 
from the castle, and the rest of their forces burst open the 
north gate. The route of the French party was complete, 
though little blood was shed by the conquerors, who spared 
the knights and barons in the hope of ransom, while they 



HENRY THE THIRD. 113 

slaughtered the poorer soldiers without mercy. The few that 
escaped from the conflict, were put to death in their flight by 
the exasperated inhabitants, in revenge for the cruelties which 
had been practised upon them. 

This victory placed the crown upon the young king's head, 
and would have been honourable to the victors, had they not 
disgraced it by their excesses. When all resistance had ceased, 
the city of Lincoln was given up to pillage, the excuse for this 
atrocity being the attachment always shown by it towards the 
cause of the barons. Although fighting in the name of religion, 
the royalists did not spare the churches, while the women, who 
had fled for refuge to the boats on the river, were the greater 
part of them drowned either by the sinking of the overcrowded 
boats, or by mismanagement. 

Louis, who for better safety had shut himself up within the 
walls of London, had now no hope but in the aid he might 
receive from France through the exertions of his consort, 
Blanche of Castile. By her persevering activity, a fleet was at 
length collected of eighty large ships, besides galleys and smaller 
barks, the numerical strength of which was rendered yet more 
formidable, by its being placed under the command of Eustace 
le Moine, a celebrated pirate. On the English side, the jus- 
ticiary Hubert de Burgh, could only oppose forty-five sail col- 
lected with difficulty from the Cinque Ports — a disparity of force 
so alarming that many of the knights refused embarking under 
pretence of their inexperience in naval warfare. Hubert himself, 
who seems to have been a bold as well as able leader, was 
fully sensible of his peril, and received the sacrament in pri- 
vate, after having given strict orders that Dover castle should 
on no account be surrendered, even though he should be taken 
prisoner, and his life should be made contingent on its yielding. 
But the event of the combat like that of so many others, de- 
feated the best calculations of human reason, showing that the 
race is not always to the swift, nor the battle to the strong. 



1 14 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

The English passed the French fleet as if Calais were their 
object, and then suddenly tacking bore down in a Hne upon its 
rear, when the engagement was begun by the archers and cross- 
bow-men. But this did not last long. According to their 
usual tactics both by land and sea, in ancient as well as in 
modern times, the Enghsh hastened to come to close quarters 
as soon as possible ; having fastened their ships to those of the 
enemy with chains and hooks, they flung quickhme into the air 
which the wind carried into the faces of the French, and in the 
confusion thus produced, they boarded the opposite vessels axe 
in hand, and by cutting the rigging rendered them unmanageable. 
Confounded by so novel a mode of assault, the French made 
but a feeble resistance ; of their whole fleet, filteen ships alone 
escaped ; more than a hundred knights with their squires were 
made prisoners, and scarcely less than eight hundred officers of 
inferior note shared the same fate ; Le Moine himself, who had 
sought to escape by hiding in the hold of his vessel, was dragged 
forth, and his head stricken off', the large sum he offered for 
ransom being scornfully refused by his captor, Richard Fitzroy, 
a natural son of the late king John. 

The loss of this battle was fatal to the hopes of Louis. It 
left him no choice but to compound for his personal safety, and 
he was fortunate enough in the negotiations that followed, to 
obtain terms, such as might have been the price of a great 
victory. The prisoners were liberated on both sides ; an amnesty 
was granted to his English adherents ; and he himself with his 
own followers, was allowed to return to France, upon the simple 
condition that he would abandon all claims to a crown which he 
was no longer in a position to contest, and that when he came 
to the French throne, he would restore to Henry the continental 
possessions of his father. Even this last stipulation does not 
appear in the treaty, and its existence can only be inferred from 
the repeated references of Henry in after times, to such a con- 
tract. 



HENRY THE THIRD. 115 

However favourable this treaty may have been to the French 
prince, at a time when he was so completely in the power of his 
opponents, it was yet desirable to England, since it afforded her 
a respite from the evils of civil warfare. Gualo and Pembroke, 
both of whom discharged their trusts with equal zeal and saga- 
city, w^re enabled by it to give their undivided attention to the 
internal affairs of the kingdom. The charter was improved and 
confirmed, some additional clauses in favour of the subject be- 
ing added, and many of the most ciying abuses either entirely 
removed or much mitigated. Still the late conflicts had engen- 
dered habits as w^ell as animosities not very favourable to the 
wholesome restraints of law, and it was only by a judicious exer- 
cise of severity tempered by prudence that the government at 
length succeeded in bringing about a better state of things. 

In the autumn Gualo returned to Italy, and his departure was 
yet more sensibly felt when it w^as followed by the death of the 
Earl of Pembroke. The legate was then succeeded by Pandulf ; 
the exercise of the royal authority was committed to Hubert de 
Burgh, the justiciary ; and the care of the king's person was 
entrusted to Peter des Roches, the bishop of Winchester. The 
choice of the two last w^as unhappy, for they w^ere rivals, and it 
required all the prudence of Pandulf, aided by his spiritual au- 
thority, to check their feuds and prevent the kingdom being 
damaged by the want of harmony between its rulers. But the 
zeal of the new legate w^as fully equal to his ability. He re- 
pressed the jealous disputes of his assistants in the government, 
nogotiated a peace with the king of Scots at York, obtained a 
prolongation of the truce between France and England, and, 
doubts having been raised about the king's prior coronation at 
Bath, he caused the ceremony to be again performed by the 
archbishop, who with the permission of Honorius had come 
back to England. The next year Pandulf returned to Rome. 

The feud between Hubert and des Roches ended at length in 
the former obtaining a decided superiority over his rival, who in 



116 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

consequence banished himself from the country, under pretence 
of a pilgrimage to Palestine. 

The grants made so improvidently by the two preceding mo- 
narchs had diminished the resources of the crown, and in the 
same proportion increased the power of the barons to contend 
with it. The king's necessities were pressing ; he assembled a 
great council to demand aid, which was at first sternly refused, 
and at last conceded only upon his promise to ratify the two 
charters. Twice already since the beginning of his reign had 
they been confirmed, but without being carried into practice, 
and they were now renewed in the form which they have ever 
since retained. Upon the king's solemnly pledging himself to 
this, he obtained a grant of a fifteenth upon all moveables. 

By the flight of Des Roches, the justiciary was left without a 
rival, and for several years he continued increasing in wealth 
and honours, while others, who did not bask in the sunshine of 
royal favour, found themselves impoverished by being compelled 
to disgorge the profits they made during the minority. This 
did not fail to create him enemies ; an unsuccessful campaign 
in France shook his favour with the monarch, and the return of 
the bishop of Winchester from his voluntary exile, combining 
with other untoward events, made all men prophecy his speedy 
downfall. The increasing pecuniary difficulties of the crown 
realized these prognostications sooner perhaps than would have 
been the case otherwise. In his distress, it was hinted to the 
king that money might easily be extorted from De Burgh and 
his relatives, who had so long been fattening on the public 
revenues. The advice was accepted ; he was called upon to 
account for all the monies that had passed through his hands, 
in virtue of his office, from the time of his becoming grand 
justiciary, a period which went back to an early part of the 
preceding reign. Unable to meet so sweeping an investigation, 
he fled to Merton priory, from which the king at first resolved 
to force him, but was persuaded by the archbishop of Dublin to 



HENRY THE THIRD. 117 

grant him a respite of five months, that he might prepare for his 
trial. His prudence, however, or his guilt, made him, when the 
time came, rather throw himself upon the king's mercy than 
attempt any defence ; and the judges, agreeing that if they pro- 
nounced sentence at all it must be one of forfeiture and death, 
with the consent of the prosecutors, recommended him to the 
royal consideration. This was probably well understood before- 
hand by all parties. By the king's favour, his patrimonial 
inheritance, and the lands he held of mesne lords were reserved 
to him, but the rest of his possessions were declared forfeit to 
the crown, and he was to remain a prisoner in the castle of 
Devizes till he either, in the event of his wife's death, should 
enter the order of Templars, or should be set at liberty by the 
king and his great council. It was plain, however, that Henry 
did not willingly consent to these measures of severity against 
his old favourite, for when a better feeling was afterwards es- 
tablished for a short time between the king and the barons, 
Hubert was readmitted into the council, as well as restored to 
all his estates and honours. 

It is a peculiar feature in this reign, that though it was un- 
usually long — Henry reigned more than half a century — and 
though it abounded in events, yet they are such as are incapable 
of being connected into one great historical whole. In fact, it 
may be likened to some new and important river, that suddenly 
splits into three or four large branches, each of which requires 
to be separately followed and separately recorded. For the sake 
therefore of greater precision and clearness, we shall trace up 
the three leading currents of this reign, each in its turn, dis- 
cussing first the king's foreign wars, next his transactions with 
the see of Rome, and lastly his feuds with the barons, who were 
struggling against the despotism of royalty only to vest the 
same powers in themselves if they were able to wrest them from 
the monarch. Whichever gained the day, it was alike to the 
people ; they were sure to suffer equally during the strife, and 



118 THE ROVAL FAMfLIES. 

to be equally loaded with taxes and oppression when it was 
ended. 

During this long reign many disputes took place with Scot- 
land, though they never came to the arbitrement of arms, the 
marriage of the Scottish king with Jane, the sister of Henry, 
tending to prevent extremities. But Alexander was not the less 
incHned to prosecute his just claims, or what he chose to consi- 
der as such. Upon Henry's coming of age to act for himself, 
he demanded of him the three northern counties as his indispu- 
table inheritance, and also repayment of fifteen thousand marks, 
which had been paid to John ; these he asserted had not been 
an imposed fiiie, but a dowry advanced on behalf of the two 
Scottish princesses, the intended brides of Henry himself and 
his brother Richard. The first of these was a most bare-faced 
imposition, whatever might be thought of the latter claim. 
Henry resisted both. He maintained that the homage done by 
Alexander both to himself and father was for the Scottish crown, 
and prevailed on Pope Gregorys the Ninth, who then wore the 
tiara, to write to his recusant vassal, exhorting him to obedience. 
By the mediation of Cardinal Otho, a compromise was effected ; 
Alexander consented to renounce all his claims, receiving in 
place of them grants of land in Tynedale and at Penrith with a 
yearly rental of two hundred pounds. For this he was to do 
homage, but the question of the former homage was left open, 
and on the death of Jane it was revived, when Alexander re- 
fused it as flatly as he had ever done. Upon this Henry as- 
sembled a large army at Newcastle, and his opponent thought it 
wiser to negotiate than to encounter the doubtful chances of 
war. The result was highly favourable to the EngHsh king, 
who gained the substance of his demands, while he seemed to 
be conceding them. 

His death, and the succession of his son Alexander, then only 
nine years old, led to fresh disputes. Henry applied to the 
Pope upon this event, requesting a bull prohibitor)^ of any one 



HENRY THE THIRD. 119 

crowning the prince without his consent, on the plea that he 
was his liege lord. But this request was refused by Pope Inno- 
cent the Fourth, as contrary to the usual practice of the Papal 
see. Soon after the young king came to York, for the purpose 
of marrying Henry's daughter, Margaret, when the question of 
the homage was renewed ; but, by the advice of his councillors, 
he eluded it, declaring that he had come there solely for the pur- 
pose of being w^edded, and that upon so important a demand he 
must take the opinion of his barons, when he returned to Scotland. 
Previously to this, how^ever, he had done homage to Henry " for 
Lothian and the other lands which he held of the English 
monarch." Any farther concession, it is probable, w^ould have 
raised all Scotland against himself. As it was, a large party 
had been formed for the express purpose of dissolving the ex- 
isting connexion between the two countries, and Robert de Ros, 
and John Baliol were named regents. Proceeding wdth a high 
hand, they placed both the king and queen under confinement, 
having separated them from each other ; but the Earl of Glou- 
cester and Robert Mansel obtained admission into Edinburgh 
castle, and set them both at hberty, wdien Henry, asserting all 
the rights of a feudal superior, elected a new regency, and pun- 
ished the delinquents. 

We must now turn to Wales. At this time it was ruled by 
Llewellyn, who was a brother-in-law to Henry, and a vassal of the 
English crowm, but in neither capacity disposed to any thing 
that implied submission. The ferocious habits of the borderers 
of both nations led to constant broils, w^hen no other cause of 
strife was at hand, and perhaps it was not often easy to say which 
party had been the aggressor. Plunder would appear to have been 
but a secondary object w^ith these barbarians, for on too many 
occasions they murdered their captives in cold blood, and in- 
stead of carrying off the cattle they had taken, drove the 
animals into barns or other buildings, and burnt the whole 
together. Many attempts were made by Heniy to repress 

K 



120 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

these cruelties by attacking the marauders, in their own homes, 
but as often as he led his army into Wales, he was sure to re- 
turn baffled, though not defeated. Llewellyn, too pohtic to meet 
his antagonist in the open field, on all such occasions invariably 
retreated to the fastnesses of his native mountains, whence 
Henry wanted the skill to dislodge him ; or if the EngUsh king, 
finding himself thus foiled, began to erect new fortresses to hold 
the enemy in check, Llewellyn was already in his rear, destroying 
two or three castles for the one his adversary was building. 
Simple as these tactics may seem in the present day, it is evident 
that the Welsh leader far surpassed Henry and his barons, in 
miUtary science, for upon his death the whole face of things 
was altered, his skill seeming to have died with him. David, 
his son and successor, in vain endeavoured to shake off the 
English yoke, and failing of other means he followed the 
example of John, and offered to hold his crown of the Roman 
see. Innocent refused ; and Henry once more attempted the 
thorough subjugation of his contumacious vassal, although he 
was his nephew. He fortified a castle on the banks of the Con- 
way, ravaged Anglesey by means of a fleet he had brought round 
from Ireland, and cut off' all communication between the Welsh- 
men and the marches, the latter being forbidden under heavy 
penalties to introduce either goods or provisions into their ter- 
ritory. The natives were thus shut up among the mountains of 
Merioneth and Caernarvon, where they suffered alike from the 
w^ant of food, and the severity of wdnter. At this juncture, 
Da\ad died. The people elected for their chieftains, Llewellyn 
ap David, the son of the late Griffith, a natural brother of 
King Henry, and they at once put an end to this destructive 
warfare, by submitting to become vassals of the Enghsh mo- 
narch, with a promise to serve in his wars with five hundred of 
their people. 

France next demands our attention, in connection with Eng- 
lish history. And here, in the first place, it is necessary to 



HENRY THE THIRD, 121 

revert to the promise made by Louis, as the price of his Uberty, 
when besieged in London, that he would restore Normandy, 
Maine, and Anjou. upon the death of his father. This event 
happened in 1223, and the English ministry called upon the 
new French king to fulfil his promise. Instead of complying, 
he revived the sentence of forfeiture that had long before been 
pronounced against John, and entering Poictou with a numerous 
army, he pushed his conquests to the right bank of the Ga- 
ronne, employing bribeiy even with more success than arms. By 
the mediation of the papal legate a truce was effected for a 
twelvemonth, during which time the French king died, and was 
succeeded by his son Louis the Eleventh, a boy of twelve years 
old. His minority was, as is usual, the signal for anarchy and 
intestine confusion, and Henry was anxious to have availed 
himself of this state of things for the recovery of his lost 
rights, but was constantly prevented from leaving England, by 
the advice of Hubert on account of the dissensions between 
liimself and his barons. The armistice had in consequence been 
renewed from year to year, till at last Hubert yielded to the 
national clamour to all outward appearance. The king, the 
princes of Wales, the barons of L'eland, and all the flower of the 
Enghsh nobility assembled at Portsmouth, with the purpose of 
sailing for Bretagne, which was then in open rebellion against 
its sovereign ; but, when the time came to embark, it was found 
that the shipping was not enough to carry more than half the 
army. Indignant at this neglect, Henry called De Burgh a 
traitor, and would have struck him, had not the timely inter- 
ference of the Earl of Chester stayed his hand, and prevented 
the blow. It being late in the season, the expedition was by 
the advice of the council deferred till the next year, during 
which interval Hubert found the means of again ingratiating 
himself with his easy and attached sovereign. It may even be 
doubted whether Henry was in truth so violently bent upon this 
expedition as he affected to be ; his subsequent conduct would 



K 2 



122 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

certainly lead to a contrary conclusion ; for when on the arrival 
of spring, he landed in France with a gallant host, instead of 
meeting his enemy in the field, he spent his time in pleasure, 
and having received the homage of his Gascon subjects, returned 
to England with a broken reputation. The poets of Provence, 
whose satirical vein was as inexhaustible as their amatory, gave 
him a disgraceful immortahty in their songs, and his name was 
bandied about from hall to cottage as a coward, who dared not 
fight for the inheritance of his fathers. It is possible however, that 
all this may not be true ; gold is at least as essential to war, as 
steel itself, and in the former metal he was deficient beyond any 
of his predecessors. Something, too, may be attributed to no 
very unreasonable fears and jealousies on his part in regard to 
his turbulent and discontented barons ; while he was fighting 
for a few provinces in France, he was likely enough to lose by 
their rebellion the crown of England. 

For the next ten years, truces often broken and as often re- 
newed, supplied the place of a lasting peace, neither party being 
willing to abate any thing of their claims, and allowed that 
respite which was equally essential to both of them. But the 
records of these petty wars, have little in them to interest 
the reader. They ended at last in a five years' truce, the result 
more to all appearance of mutual necessity than of any want of 
inclination to prolong hostilities. 

We have next to consider the relations between England and 
Kome, one of the most important pages of our history, though 
it is sure more than any other to be disfigured by party zeal and 
prejudices. We have seen the time when the Roman Pontiflf 
made common cause, sometimes against the king, and sometimes 
against the barons. A hierarchy had prevailed in the Christian 
Church from very early ages, and as feudalism spread among 
the western nations, much of its form and substance was gradu- 
ally introduced into the clerical order, the Pope holding the 
place of sovereign, the bishops not unaptly representing barons. 



HE^STRY THE THIRD. 123 

while the inferior ranks of the clergy might he considered as 
sub-vassals holding immediately of the bishops. This likeness 
was real as well as nominal. In the same way that the king 
demanded pecuniary aid of his barons, and through them from 
their vassals, cUd the popes levy contributions upon the bishops, 
and through them upon the inferior clergy. So long as the 
demands of Rome were confined within reasonable hmits, the 
English clerg}'- complied without a murmur, it being manifestly 
their interest to uphold the authority of him, whose influence 
was so essential to them in all their disputes, whether with the 
king or with his nobles. But the case was altogether changed, 
when the Popes, by the gradual acquisition of temporal power, 
had involved themselves in expenses beyond their annual in- 
come, and could hope for relief only by encreased demands upon 
the benevolence of their clergy. The latter protested strongly 
against such serious inroads upon their purses, for the mainte- 
nance of the Pontiff's civil or domestic wars, which were clearly 
temporal matters in which they had no interest, though they 
did not refuse contributing to advance the dignity and splendour 
of the tiara. Prudence might have induced Innocent to listen 
to these remonstrances, had he been in a condition to do so, 
but he was now an exile at Lyons, without any funds except 
those derived from his clergy. 

Henry and the barons for a long time beheld these disputes 
with indiflference, and perhaps even rejoiced at them, as the 
surest means of weakening those who had hitherto been always 
united against themselves, alternately setting their feet on the 
necks of kings and nobles. At length it seems to have occurred 
to them that this impoverishment of the ecclesiastics would 
fling more and more of the national burthens upon the laity of 
all classes. Roused to action by so obvious an inference, they 
despatched messengers to the general council at Lyons, with 
remonstrances against these perpetual demands upon the clergy. 
To allay this storm, Innocent promised more forbearance for the 



124 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

future, and, it may be, was sincere at the time ; if, however, he 
were so, his necessities soon compelled him to fresh exactions. 
Exasperated by this, the clergy adopted a measure of all others 
the most offensive to the holy see, inasmuch as it tended to call 
in question the Pope's autocracy, and put a limit to his powers ; 
they appealed from him to a general council, and sent him a 
list of their grievances, while the barons supported the clergy, and 
more than hinted their willingness to draw the sword if it should 
be necessan^ The king, too, threw his weight into the same 
scale, forbidding the tallage to be paid, under pain of his high 
displeasure. But from some cause, which it is now impossible 
to trace, the energy of all the recusant parties relaxed after a 
time without having produced any visible results, and the eccle- 
siastics were glad to compound with the holy see for the sum of 
eleven thousand marks. 

There was yet another ground of dispute between the Pope 
and the clergy. The former had assumed to himself a right, 
under the name of papal provisions, of nominating to vacant 
benefices, the claims of the real patrons being by his act sus- 
pended. This arbitrary power was for the most part exercised 
in favour of Italians, who, instead of residing upon the livings 
thus obtained, hired substitutes to do their duty, and spent the 
rest of the incomes in any place but where it had been derived. 
An abuse so intolerable excited the discontent of all classes, and 
gave rise to an association called the Commonantly of England, 
which the barons and clergy did not fail to encourage, though in 
secret. Their avowed leader was Sir Thomas Thwenge, a York- 
shire knight, who had been deprived of a family nomination. 
His plans were as ably conceived as they were ruthlessly exe- 
cuted, and must have been favoured by all around, or they never 
could have been carried out so successfully. His associates are 
said to have never been more than eighty, yet they murdered 
the papal couriers, menaced the foreign prelates and their 
stewards by letter, sometimes made them prisoners and exacted 



HENRY THE THIRD. 125 

heavy ransoms of them, and at other seized upon the produce 
of their farms, which they openly sold by public auction, or dis- 
tributed among the neighbouring poor. For eight months, the 
legal authorities supinely looked on at these proceedings, a 
proof not to be mistaken of the state of public feeling, and when 
at length Henry saw fit to interpose, it could not have been with 
any very rigid notions, for we find Thwenge allowed to go and 
plead his cause before the Pontiff. So far from resenting this 
opposition to his authority. Innocent listened with good-will to 
the complainant, and denying all participation in the invasion of 
the rights of the lay-patrons he granted him a bull, by virtue of 
wiiich he was authorized to nominate to the living claimed by 
him. At the same time, by a refinement of policy, intended to 
divide his opponents, he promised for the future to exact no 
provisions except where the benefices were in the gifts of eccle- 
siastics or of ecclesiastical communities, a distinction which the 
clergy perfectly understood, and as warmly resented. They 
again succeeded in obtaining the co-operation of the sovereign and 
his barons by coupling the tallages with the provisions in all 
their remonstrances, and the controversy thus renewed lasted 
till such time as the death of the German emperor allowed of 
Innocent's return to Rome. This change in his fortunes al- 
lowed him to give more ear to the suggestions of prudence and 
perhaps of justice than he had hitherto been inclined to do, 
when urged on by his necessities. He yielded so far to the 
spirited remonstrances of Grosseteste, bishop of Lincoln that 
though he would not displace the present illegally-appointed in- 
cumbents, yet he allowed the lay-patrons to name at once their 
successor in the event of death or resignation. 

No sooner was this evil in some degree remedied than another 
cause of complaint arose of no less magnitude. In consequence 
of the feud between the late emperor, Frederick, and the holy 
see, that prince was adjudged to have forfeited Sicily and Apulia, 
which he had held of the Pope as fiefs. His death had left three 



12G THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

competitors for the crown — a son by his first wife, named Con- 
rad, king of Germany ; another son, Henry, by his second wife, 
who was the sister of the EngUsh king ; and an illegitimate son, 
called Manfred, prince of Otranto. Innocent objected to them 
all, and successively offered the crown to Charles of Anjou, to 
Richard, the king of England's brother, and to Edmund, his 
second son. But Conrad died — by poison it is supposed — and 
Henry accepted the offer for his son, Edmund, who was to hold 
it of the apostolic see. Manfred, however, by a mixture of force 
and corruption, had made himself master of the disputed terri- 
tories, while Henry wasted the precious moments in inactivity, 
that was partly constitutional with him, and partly resulted from 
the want of adequate funds to carry on the war. Instead of 
granting the demanded aid, the barons assailed him with their 
old or new grievances, and thus abandoned, Henry yielded to 
the request of Pope Urban, that the Sicilian crown should be 
transferred to Charles of Anjou, who was now willing to ac- 
cept it. 

In this state Henry was no match for the united clergy and 
barons. For awhile he opposed craft to superior strength, and 
made repeated promises only to break them when the object for 
which he perjured himself had been obtained ; but this system 
of deception could not go on for ever ; his opponents would no 
longer trust to his promises, however solemnly they might be 
pledged, and he was obhged finally to comply with their de- 
mands. 

At the age of twenty-nine, Henry married Eleanor, the daugh- 
ter of Raymond, count of Provence, which, by the introduction 
of foreigners into the king's council and other places of trust or 
profit, again kindled the flames of discord. He had besides ex- 
cited the formidable enmity of the clergy, by his acquiescence in 
the papal exactions, while all parties, lay as well as ecclesiastic, 
were equally indignant at the debts he had incurred in the vain 
attempt to place his son, Edmund, upon the throne of Sicily. 



HENRY THE THIRD. 127 

The malcontents found an active and efficient leader in the ambi- 
tious Simon de Montfort, earl of Leicester, who though a foreigner, 
had contrived to ingratiate himself with the natives by his 
marked opposition to the extortions of Henry and the pontiffs. 
By the resignation of his brother, Amauri, constableof France, he 
had succeeded to the estates of Amicia, his mother, and subse- 
quently attained a yet higher rank in the state through his mar- 
riage mth the king's sister, Eleanor. Yet he had been placed 
in high trust by Henry, who by patent made him governor of 
Guienne for five years, whence he was recalled before the expi- 
ration of that time upon repeated charges of cruelty and pecu- 
lation. High words in consequence ensued between the subject 
and his sovereign, and De Montfort fled to France, but after 
awhile the king was again reconciled to him by the mediation of 
the bishop of Lincoln. 

Such was the turbulent and ambitious foreigner, who had 
evidently cast his eyes upon the throne of England, and the 
barons were unconsciously furthering his objects while only in- 
tending to prosecute their own. The confederates, however, 
were somewhat kept in check by the presence of the king's 
brother, Richard, who, though he often joined the barons in op- 
posing him, was yet a scrupulous respecter of the royal rights. 
He had all the influence that naturally belongs to immense 
wealth, being as economical as Henry was profuse, and was 
generally considered to be the richest prince in Europe. This 
check was now to be removed. Dazzled by the splendour of a 
throne, though a contested one, he allowed himself to be chosen 
king of the Romans by the elector palatine and the archbishops 
of Cologne and Mentz, while a yet stronger party gave their 
suffrages in favour of Alphonso, king of Castile. 

While Richard was thus pursuing the ignis fatuus of a crown, 
De Montfort and his associates had a fair field open for their 
cabals. They met Henry in his great council at Westminster, 
armed to the teeth as men going out to battle rather than to a 



128 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

peaceful parliament, and demanded that the powers of govern- 
ment should be delegated to a committee of prelates and barons, 
for the purpose of correcting abuses and exacting salutary laws. 
Henr}^, either too facile by nature, or too weak to resist, yielded, 
after a vain struggle, to these demands, though they left him 
little more than the shadow of royalty. The details of the pro- 
ject were to be finally considered and arranged at a subsequent 
great council held at Oxford. 

The day for this mad meeting, called by subsequent writers 
the Mad Parliament, at length arrived, when the barons came at- 
tended by their militar}^ retainers. All opposition to their views 
was thus stifled, and the committee of reform was appointed. 
It consisted of twenty-four persons, twelve of them being barons 
and prelates selected by the faction, while the other twelve were 
nominated by Heniy ; when each twelve then chose two of their 
opponents, and the four thus selected appointed fifteen members 
to form the council of state, a mode of proceeding, w^hich had 
all the appearance of impartiality, but which in fact left the real 
power in the hands of the faction. The governors of the royal 
castles, and the chief officers of state, who had owed their ele- 
vation to the king's choice, were removed, and their places sup- 
plied by the reformers or their adherents. The triumph of 
Leicester thus far was complete. He, and his coadjutors, had 
got the reality, though not the name, of sovereignty into 
their own hands, and all now depended upon the use they made 
of it. 

Some of their first measures were evidently intended to con- 
cihate, by benefitting, the nation at large, but it was plain at the 
same time that they meant to retain, if not to augment, the regal 
power they had got possession of, for they so formed the parlia- 
ments as to consist entirely of their own partizans. Those 
members of the committee, who attempted to thwart their views, 
were quickly intimidated into silence, and fearing for their liberty, 
if not for their lives, fled to Wolvesham castle, but being pur- 



HENRY THE THIRD. 129 

sued thither by the barons, they all yielded, the four half-bro- 
thers of the king availing themselves of the permission granted 
them to quit the kingdom, while the rest of the dissidents were 
glad to purchase immunity for the past by promises of obedi- 
ence for the future. Even the high-spirited Edward, the king's 
eldest son, was obliged to follow their example. 

In the midst of his triumph Leicester was alarmed by the re- 
turn of Richard, who, having squandered his hoards abroad, was 
returning to raise fresh supplies in England. Before however 
they would allow him to land, they compelled him to take the 
same oaths as the others, and we might admire the patriotism of 
the barons, if we could find that they had made any beneficial 
use of their power. Instead of this they had divided amongst 
themselves or their adherents all the royal revenue, and all the 
lay or ecclesiastical vacancies in the gift of the crown. Dissen- 
sion too arose amongst themselves. The palpable ambition of 
Leicester alarmed the most of them, feuds ensued between the 
leaders, and when these were allayed for the time by a seeming 
reconciliation, they had to meet fresh dangers from without. 
The knights bachelors of England presented a petition request- 
ing that they would no longer delay with their promised reform, 
and as this was a remonstrance that could not be safely neg- 
lected they were compelled to set about the good work in 
earnest. 

Two years had now elapsed since Henry had been compelled 
to divest him of all the essentials of regal authority, and he now 
felt that the feuds amongst his oj^ponents and the growing dis- 
content of the people afforded him a fair opportunity of regain- 
ing his lost power. Unexpectedly entering the council he taxed 
them with breach of trust, and with having attended only to 
their aggrandizement and not the reformation of the state. Nor 
did he confine himself to words : without loss of time he seized 
upon the gold in the mint, retreated to the Tower, which had 
been lately fortified, made the citizens swear fealty in their re- 



130 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

spective wardmotes, and issued a proclamation commanding the 
knights to attend the next parhament in arms. On their part, 
the barons summoned their retainers, and marched to London, 
but from mutual diffidence in their own strength, the two factions 
agreed to await the return of prince Edward. To the surprise 
of most people he joined the side of the barons. 

Henry did not the less persevere in his resolution, till his an- 
tagonists were so reduced by repeated desertions that their whole 
party consisted at length only of the earls of Leicester and Glou- 
cester, the grand justiciar}^, the bishop of Worcester, and Hugh 
de Montfort, with their immediate retainers and adherents. De- 
prived of other sufficient means of defence they had the egregi- 
ous folly to expect that Henr^'^ would abide by his enforced oath, 
but, as might have been expected, he contended for the nulUty 
of the oath itself, and for yet farther security applied to Pope 
Alexander for a bull releasing him from his oath. This was 
granted, and Heniy at once entered into the full exercise of all 
his regal rights, while in answer to the calumnies of his enemies 
he boldly appealed to the people. Several interviews now took 
place between the contending parties, wliich at last terminated 
in the barons dropping the more extravagant of their demands, 
while the king granted those wliich were plainly beneficial to the 
nation. Leicester alone maintained the outward appearance of 
discontent, and repaired to France. 

In the history of this reign, we seem hke the personage in the 
fairy tale to be perpetually moving in a circle, and never getting 
on. The same events are for ever recurring, and all the artifices 
of language, even if it were desirable to emj^loy them, would be 
unavailing to disguise the fact. Henry took advantage of the 
calm that resulted after a time to visit the court of Louis, where- 
upon Leicester returned, and with much skill re-organized the 
association that had so lately been broken to pieces. This 
brought the king back to England, and the old game began 
again, the barons ravaging the lands of their opponents without 



HENRY THE THIRD. 13 

mercy, in their march to London, where Henry was in posses- 
sion of the Tower. Yet the strength of parties in the capital 
was pretty nearly equal ; if the king had the aldermen and prin- 
cipal citizens on his side, Leicester was equally favoured by the 
populace, and when the queen attempted to follow by water her 
son, Edward, who had thrown himself into Windsor castle, 
they flung dirt into the royal barge, and threatened to sink it 
with large stones if they attempted to pass the bridge. Return 
might have been no less difficult, had not the mayor interfered 
and placed her for safety in the episcopal palace near St. Paul's. 
A negotiation, mediated by the king of the Romans, put a 
stop to these scenes of violence, but after having lasted three 
weeks it ended in very unfavourable conditions for Henry. For- 
tunately for him it had been stipulated the assent of parliament 
should be obtained before these conditions were to be held fully 
valid, and there so many objections were raised that after two 
successive parliaments the disputants could come to no definitive 
arrangement. The king employed this respite in winning over 
several of the associates, and, his power daily encreasing, he w^as 
once more able to take the field with something like an equality 
of force. By the interference however of the bishops it was 
agreed to refer the whole dispute to the arbitrement of Louis, 
king of France. His decision was in favour of Henry, but the 
barons refused to abide by it, and civil war was spread from one 
end of the kingdom to the other, the royalists being the strong- 
est in the north, in Cornwall, and in Devon, while the midland 
counties, and the Welch marches, were more equally divided ; 
in the capital, in the cinque ports, and the neighbouring districts 
the party of De Montfort prevailed. To involve the Londoners 
beyond all hope of retreat the justiciaiy, Despenser, put himself 
at their head and caused them to commit all manner of excesses. 
The two palaces of the king of the Romans at Isleworth and 
Westminster were destroyed, as well as the houses of all sus- 
pected to be friendly to the royalists ; the king's officers of jus- 



132 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

tice were seized and flung into prison ; the moneys of foreign 
merchants and bankers, deposited for safety in the churches, 
were carried off" to the Tower, and the Jews who had not wealth 
sufficient to tempt the cupidity of their persecutors in the way 
of ransom, were abandoned to the rabble, by whom they were 
put to death under every circumstance of cruelty. 

On his part Henry was no indifferent spectator of these 
tumults. He unfurled the royal banner at Oxford where he was 
joined by Comyn, Bruce, and Baliol, the lords of the Scotch 
marches, and opened his campaign by taking Northampton, 
Leicester, and Nottingham. From this victorious career he was 
called to Kent by the danger of his nephew, Henry, who was 
besieged in the castle of Rochester, the city having been taken 
and pillaged by the assailants. His approach, however, com- 
pelled them to retreat. 

Leicester now determined to bring the contest to an issue. 
Marching from London he gave battle to the king, when but for 
the impetuosity of prince Edward he would have been utterly 
defeated. The Londoners, who had rushed headlong upon the 
prince, w^ere broken in a few minutes ; and pursued by him to a 
distance, when he should have fallen on the rear of the con- 
federates, an error of which Leicester was not slow to take ad- 
vantage. With the rest of his forces he fell upon Henry and 
his brother, cut to pieces a body of Scots who fought on foot, 
and made prisoners, not only of their leaders, but of the English 
king himself. When Edward returned from his bloody and 
ill-timed pursuit, he found nothing but a field encumbered with 
the dying and the dead. 

A treaty, known in history as the mise of Lewes, was the con- 
sequence of this battle, which had laid the royal authority pros- 
trate at the feet of Leicester. To retain the power thus acquired 
was now the grand object with the victor, a task of greater 
difficulty than the gaining of it had ever been. The Pope and 
many foreign nations espoused the cause of Henry ; and the 



HENRY THE THIRD. 133 

enterprizing Eleanor had collected a large fleet and army on the 
Flemish coast, that waited only for a favourable wind to pass 
over to Henry's assistance. But the star of Leicester had not 
yet declined ; the wind for several weeks detained the fleet in 
the vicinity of Damme, the time, for which the mercenaries had 
engaged themselves, expiring, they disbanded ; and Guido, the 
cardinal-bishop of Sabina, whom the Pope had sent to take 
Henry under his protection, was deterred from crossing over to 
England by a secret hint of a plot against his life. With much 
difficulty the English clergy were prevailed upon to appear be- 
fore him at Boulogne, and then though they could not refuse to 
bringback his excommunication of Henr^^'s enemies, they rendered 
it useless by suffering it to be taken from them at Dover. 

In the winter, after much argument and many sacrifices on 
the king's part, a reconciliation was once more brought about 
between him and his refractory subjects. This treaty placed 
Leicester, even higher than he was before, but it was from this 
point that his power began to decline, and with a rapidity that 
astonished all men. Jealousies arose between him and the 
powerful Earls of Derby and Gloucester ; the first he arrested 
upon a plea, probable enough, of his holding a corrrespondence 
with the royalists ; the latter escaped, and unfurled the standard 
of rebellion to his authority and though a hollow truce was 
effected between them, a plot was soon formed for the Uberation 
of the prince, who had been detained by Leicester as a hostage 
for the king's sincerity. The attempt succeeded ; Edward, the 
most dangerous of his enemies, was again at liberty, and lost 
no time in taking the field against him. By a display of that 
military talent, for which the prince was aftei-^^ards so famous, 
Edward gained a series of advantages over his opponent, and at 
last drove him to seek a refuge in Wales. 

Misfortunes now pressed upon Leicester from all sides. His 
son, Simon of Montfort, narrowly escaped being surprized in 
Kenil worth by the activity of Edward, and had barely time to 



134 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

take refuge in the castle. On the same day, Leicester, ignorant 
of what had happened, crossed the Severn, and was marching 
for Kenilworth in unsuspecting security, on the road to which 
Edward was waiting for him upon the summit of a hill. At 
first the royalists, who bore the banners of their captives, were 
mistaken for the troops of Simon de Montfort, but when the 
truth was discovered, the Earl's usual courage would seem to 
have abandoned him with his good fortune ; he is said to have 
exclaimed, " the Lord have mercy on our souls, for our bodies 
are Prince Edward's." The battle which followed, was fought 
rather with the rashness of despair than with that calculating 
courage, which is at all times the surest presage of victory. 
Henry, who was obliged to appear in the ranks against his son, 
who yet was all the time fighting his battle, received a slight 
wound and fell from his horse. Before his adversary could 
strike the fatal blow, he cried out, " hold, fellow ; I am Harry 
of Winchester," when the prince, who was fortunately close by, 
ran up to his rescue. Leicester and his eldest son, Henry de 
Montfort, were both slain, their appeals for quarter being 
answered by the cry of "there is no quarter for traitors," and 
so complete was the general slaughter, that of his partizans all 
the knights and barons, except about ten, were found dead upon 
the field of battle. 

The king was thus once more restored to full authority, and he 
hastened to exercise his powers with little mercy and less discre- 
tion. Impoverished, as well as exasperated, by the rigour of 
his measures, those, who found no relief in submission, fled to 
the forests, mountains, and morasses, whence they carried on a 
predatory warfare, which it took Edward nearly two years to 
subdue. He then compelled the cinque ports to submission, 
and next turning his arms against the banditti of Surrey, Berk- 
shire, and Hampshire, was equally successful ; Kenilworth 
castle, and the outlaws in the isle of Ely, still continued to hold 
out ; famine subdued the first, and the latter were finally rooted 



HENRY THE THIRD. 135 

out. The Earl of Gloucester, who aspired to play the same 
part that Leicester had done, and whom the factious citizens of 
London had chosen for their leader, was also obliged to yield, 
and peace being finally restored on all sides, the sovereign had 
leisure to attend to the civil affairs of his kin2:dom. 

At this juncture, and when the king's age held out a near 
prospect of the throne, Edward chose to set out upon an ex- 
pedition to Palestine. We should now in vain seek for the 
motives of his conduct ; these crusades were the madness of 
the age, and possibly the strong mind of Edward was infected 
by the general folly. The result was what it always had been, 
and always deserved to be, in such cases, when men left their 
own homes to carry fire and the sword into far off lands under 
the pretext of rehgion. He would now have returned, but the 
winter, which had set in, made the navigation of the Medi- 
terranean a dangerous adventure for the inexperienced seamen 
of those days, and he retired to Trepani, with the intention of 
resuming his journey in the spring. In the meanwhile Henry 
died at Westminster in the sixty-seventh year of his age, as 
much worn out by the cares of a throne as by the infirmities 
of age. 

The character of Henry was not deformed by any great vices, 
but neither was it distinguished by any remarkable talents. It 
was his misfortune to be thrown into a turbulent age, when his 
habits and mental qualities were calculated only to shine in 
times of internal and foreign peace. 

By some the origin of parliaments, of the same kind as those 
of the present day, has been traced to this reign, while Henry was 
under the controul of Leicester, about the year 1265. All the 
great councils of the Norman kings would seem to have been 
based on feudal princijDles. If the sovereign required aid of his 
liege man, the consent of the subject was necessary to legaHze it ; 
or if he wished to make changes in the existing laws and cus- 
toms, it was expected that he should first consult those vassals, 

L 



136 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

whom as their feudal lord he was bound to protect in all their 
rights and privileges. With the greater barons attendance was 
a duty, the neglect of which implied a breach of fealty, for so 
great was their influence that the king was unable to csLvry any 
law into effect without their concurrence. But the case was 
different with the inferior tenants ; it was only in the event of 
extraordinary aids being required that they were called upon to 
attend, and most likely in early times by individual summons. 

Thus far we seem to have seen the germs of a house of lords, 
the attendance having been personal. But there are instances pre- 
vious to 1275, of the king having consulted the nation by re- 
presentatives from the various counties. Thus William the 
Conqueror ordered twelve " noble and sage men" to be chosen 
in each county, who should meet in his presence, and by com- 
mon consent determine what had been the statutes of his Anglo- 
Saxon predecessors. In the Magna Charta was a clause provi- 
ding that twelve knights should be elected in the next court of 
each county to inquire into certain abuses therein specified. 
Henry III., in 1223, ordered the sheriffs of each county to 
enquire by means of twelve lawful and discreet knights, what 
were the rights of the crown when the war first began between 
John and his barons; and again, in 1258, he appointed four 
knights in each county, to enquire into all the excesses, trans- 
gressions, and injuries committed by judges, sheriffs, bailiffs, and 
all others, and to make their report to him in council on a cer- 
tain day. The same course was pursued in regard to the col- 
lection of taxes. But the most ancient writ calling represen- 
tatives to parliament was in 1213, the fifteenth year of the reign 
of king John, and the earliest summons of citizens and bur- 
gesses to the same meeting dates from the administration of 
Leicester. 



6 6 «. £, <. ^ <> li <j> ^ 6 (j) ^(> « J> ^^<f 





.; • -,- _ ','■0 /<''t\i oii- ,- <o- 







rp'j 









Cntoart) tfte JFitst. 




DWARD had repeatedly been called upon 
by Henry, during the last months of his 
reign, to return to England ; but he had 
some of the love of adventure, and more of 
the obstinacy, so conspicuous in Richard, 
and instead of obeying these summonses, he 
chose to land at Acre. His achievements 
were far from corresponding with this ill-timed display of zeal, 
the capture of two unimportant castles, the robber-like plun- 
dering of two caravans, and an idle expedition to Nazareth, be- 
ing the sole result of an eighteen months' sojourn in the territories 
of the soidan. This inglorious career had well nigh had a termin- 
ation as inglorious. The emir of Joppa, by the pretence of em- 
bracing Christianity, had won his confidence, and frequent 
messages passed between them, till at length the vigilance of 
liis guards was lulled, and the bearer of these missives was allowed 
to pass without suspicion. On the Friday of Whitsun week, 
the Saracen paid one of his usual visits, and found his way into 
the apartment where Edward was reclining on a couch during 
the mid-day heat. This was the o2:)portunity for which the 

L 2 



138 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

infidel had so long been watching. He aimed a blow at the 
bosom of the prince, who received it in his arm, and in the 
strugrde, which ensued, killed the intended assassin with . his 
own dagger. The weapon, however, had been poisoned, and 
serious fears were entertained for his life, but the skill of his 
surgeon, and the affectionate care of his wife, eventually saved 
him from this danger. In the romance of the Spanish his- 
torian, tliis simple occurrence is elevated into a legend that has 
been the subject of many a tale and ballad ; according to this 
inventive chronicler, Eleanor sucked the poison from her hus- 
band's wound, and thus saved his life at the imminent hazard 
of her own. 

A ten years' truce was now concluded with the sultan, and 
Edward again returning to Trapano, was invited to Rome by 
Pope Gregory the Tenth. This Pontiff had been the companion 
of his expedition, when only archdeacon of Liege, and was 
now eager to shew either his gratitude or his greatness. On his 
way through Sicily and Calabria, Edward received the news of 
his father's death, yet he stayed two days at Rome, and then 
proceeded to Civita Vecchia, where the Pope received him with 
respect and affection. His subsequent journey through Italy 
was as much a triumphal procession as if he had re-conquered 
the Holy Land, but possibly his narrow escape from the Sara- 
cen's dagger had elevated him in the pious imagination of the 
Italians to the dignity of a martyr. 

At Guienne he was detained for some time, by the troubled 
state of that province, and here an occurrence took place that 
does not put the boasted spirit of chivalry in too favourable a 
light. He was challenged to a tournament by the Count of 
Chalons under the pretence of doing him honour, but the sus- 
picions of others at the time hinted at a secret design against 
his life, and the event fully justified such surmises. His cousin, 
Henry, had a short time before been murdered by the adherents 
of De Montfort, and whether from any more certain knowledge, 



EDWARD THE FIRST. 139 

or from the doubts arising from this previous assassination, the 
Pope earnestly endeavoured to dissuade Edward from exposing 
his hfe in a tournament. The king, however, who seldom seems 
to have paid much attention to the advice of any one when in 
opposition to his own will, persisted, and on the appointed day 
entered the lists with a thousand champions on foot and on 
horseback ; his opponent had twice that number. In a short 
time the mimic tourney was converted into a real fight, when 
the English archers, exasperated by the king s peril, drove their 
adversaries from the field, mingled am )ng the knights, and by 
cutting their saddle-girths or killing meir horses brought them 
to the ground, and easily made thexH prisoners The Count of 
Chalons, who was a man ot prodigious strength, after tilting 
with his spear, threw his arms round the king's neck to drag 
him from his horse, but Edward sprang forward, and his an- 
tagonist was thrown to the ground. Although immediately 
raised by his attendants, he was incapacitated by the shock from 
any exertion, and was compelled to sue for quarter, which the 
king in his rage was so far from granting that for a time he con- 
tinued to belabour him soundly in his fallen state, and at last 
made him yield up his sword to one of the foot champions, dis- 
daining to receive it himself from such unworthy hands. 

Edward was now preparing for his return to England, when 
he was yet farther detained by a mercantile dispute with the 
Flemish government. It had been a custom with many of his 
predecessors to buy the military services of the Counts of 
Flanders, with annuities for their respective lives, a contract 
which was always considered optional, till the reigning countess, 
Margaret, assumed it as a right, and demanded from the late 
king forty thousand marks as the balance of a long arrear. 
Upon this being refused, the Countess seized all the wool of 
English growth within her dominions, to whomsoever it might 
belong, when Henry by way of retaliation seized upon the 
Flemish manufactures in England, forbade the farther exportation 



14U THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

of wool-fell to Flanders, and by premiums invited the coming over 
and settlement of Flemish clothiers. It was soon, however, 
fou^d that other foreigners supplied Flanders with wool pur- 
chased in the English markets, and in consequence upon Henry's 
death his son prohibited the exportation of wool altogether. 
This decisive measure, by reducing the Fletnish manufacturers 
to poverty, affected Margaret's own revenue, and made her an- 
xious for an accommodation, which was finally granted upon her 
yielding such conditions as the king thought proper to impose, 
and making a public apology through the mouth of her son for 
her aggressions upon EngHsh property. 

Edward now returned to England, where he was crowned, 
and immediately began those plans for uniting the kingdoms of 
Great Britain into one, which formed the very reasonable ob- 
ject of his ambition through life. The refusal of Llewellyn to do 
the usual homage to his superior, gave him the first opportunity 
of exercising his arms and his policy in an attempt to unite 
Wales more thoroughly with England. His aim through the 
winter was to create a party among the Welsh, in which he was 
aided by David, the brother of Llewellyn, who had been de- 
prived by him of his patrimony, and now sought revenge by 
winning over as many of his countrymen to the cause of Ed- 
ward. By their assistance the Welsh leader was soon driven to 
such straits that he was obliged to submit to the terms of 
Edward, but these, though harsh at first, were afterwards relaxed 
by the generosity or the prudence of the victor. 

Edward now flattered himself that he had subdued the Welsh 
as much by his magnanimity, as by the terror of his arms. It 
soon however appeared that the long nourished hatred of the 
Welsh for their neighbours w^as not so easily to be tamed into 
acquiescence, and David with the fickleness of all semi-barbarians 
had on a sudden turned to the side of his brother, and urged 
him on to violence. Both the brothers were farther incited by 
a prediction of Merlin, the conditions of which had just then 



EDWARD THE FIRST. 141 

been fulfilled ; the seer had prophecied that when English money 
became circular, the Prince of Wales would be crowned in Lon- 
don, and Edward had lately issued a new coinage of round half- 
pennies and farthings, forbidding the custom of dixdding the 
coin into halves and quarters. 

The insurrection was begun by David, who, unmindful of all 
the benefits he had received from Edward, surprized Hawarden 
castle in a dark and stormy night, putting all within to the 
sword, except the wounded justiciary whom he made prisoner, 
and carried to the top of Snowdun. He was immediately joined 
by his brother, and the Welsh pouring down from their moun- 
tains, laid waste the marches with fire and sword, and inflicted 
eveiy sort of cruelty upon the inhabitants. At first Edward 
could not bring himself to believe in such unexampled treachery, 
but when repeated messages convinced him of the truth, he lost 
no time in attacking the insurgents. At first, the chances of 
war were all so much in favour of the Welshmen, that Llew^ellyn 
turned a deaf ear to the mediation of the archbishop of Can- 
terbury. 

Edward had ordered a large force to assemble at Carmarthen, 
upon which, leaving the defence of Snowdun to his brother, he 
hastened to Bruit in Radnorshire, where the EngHsh showed 
themselves on the left bank of the Wye. A part of his force 
held the bridge, while a yet larger body was posted on a neigh- 
bouring mountain, and he himself descended from his strong 
position, to have a nearer view of his enemy. In the mean- 
while, Mortimer unobserved by him had passed the river at a 
distant ford, when Adam Frank, a knight, approaching the barn 
by accident, where Llewellyn reposed, killed him after a short 
struggle, by thrusting a spear into his side. The Welsh in con- 
sequence of this loss were totally defeated, and Llewellyn's head 
was fixed on the Tower of London, wreathed with ivy or silver, 
in scorn of Merlin's prophecy. 

Upon the death of their enterprizing leader, the other chief- 



142 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

tains hastened to submit to Edward, and were received by him 
with kindness, David alone holding back. For six months in 
his mountain fastnesses he eluded the vigilance of his pursuers, 
and might have escaped them altogether, had not his own coun- 
trymen hunted him from rock to rock, till they made him pri- 
soner with his wife and children. This time Edward was resolved 
not to pardon. He ordered a parliament to be summoned at 
Shrewsbury, that David might be tried by his peers. Their 
sentence condemned him to the usual pains and penalties of high 
treason, and he was executed accordingly. 

One whole year did the king spend either in Wales, or in the 
neighbourhood, to secure by policy what he had won by the 
force of arms. Never in fact was defeat more advantageous to the 
conquered. He restrained the sanguinary and barbarous habits 
of the natives, established corporate bodies of merchants in the 
principal towns, introduced the English system of jurisprudence 
into their courts, and used every means to conciliate as well as 
civilize. A fortunate event tended not a little to confirm the 
efforts of wisdom and policy. His queen, Eleanor, was delivered 
of a son in Carnarvon castle, and by a happy thought he was 
declared Prince of Wales, to the great satisfaction of the Welsh- 
men, who looked upon this as a restoration of their independence 
— so easily are mankind deluded by mere words. 

The next four years were spent by Edward, partly in legislat- 
ing for England, and partly in arbitrating between the kings of 
France, Arrogan, and Sicily. In the absence of Charles of 
Anjou, who had gone on a crusade against the infidels, the Sici- 
lians murdered every Frenchman in the island, and Peter, King 
of Arrogan, by whom the massacre had been instigated, took 
possession of the throne. The Pope, who claimed both Sicily 
and Arrogan as fiefs of the holy see, excommunicated the Sici- 
lians, and their protector ; Charles, who still possessed the south 
of Italy, invited the mercenaries of all the neighbouring states 
to join his standard ; and Philip of France, to whose younger 



EDWARD THE FIRST. 143 

son the Pope had granted Arrogan, entered Catalonia with 
seventy thousand men, to maintain by force, what had been 
given by injustice. But Peter had the good fortune, or the 
talent, to defeat the plans of all his enemies. Doria, to w^hom 
he had committed the defence of his new domains, destroyed 
the French fleet, and made prisoner Charles's son, the Prince of 
Salerno ; he himself compelled Philip, baffled and outgeneralled, 
to retreat hastily into France ; and the thunders of the Vatican 
he could venture to despise, when deprived of that military aid, 
which alone made them formidable. The same year however, 
consigned all these opponents to the grave, and Edward, though 
with some trouble, w^as able to mediate successfully between the 
contending parties. 

Wliile Edw^ard w^as thus employed for the benefit of foreigners 
the affairs of England were neglected, and the refusal of his 
parliament to grant the supplies demanded of them, gave him 
warning that it was high time for him to return. If ever he 
entertained the idea of uniting the w^hole island under one go- 
vernment, the entangled affairs of Scotland now^ offered a favour- 
able opportunity for the gratification of his ambition. The 
crown of that country, by the death of all the intermediate 
claimants, had devolved upon Alexander's grand-child, Margaret, 
who combined in herself all the disadvantages of being a foreigner, 
a female, and an infant, for she w^as the daughter of Eric, King 
of Norway, and was little more than three years old. 

As the best protection for the interests of his daughter, Eric 
solicited the friendship of Edward, and by a treaty signed at 
Salisbury, betw^een the deputies of the three countries, it w^as 
agreed that Eric should send his daughter to Britain, unfettered 
by any matrimonial engagement, that Edward should so deliver 
her to the Scots w^hen Scotland should be in a tranquil state, 
when security w^as to be given, that they would not attempt to 
marry her without the approbation of the King of England, and 
of the King of Norway. 



144 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

It was the object of Edward to effect an union between Mar- 
garet and his eldest son, for which he easily obtained her father's 
consent and the papal dispensation. He even induced the Scots 
by means of his agents, to make the first official proposals, and 
thus an arrangement was concluded, which, had it taken eifect, 
would at once have united England and Scotland by the firmest 
bonds, and spared both countries many years of war and devas- 
tation. Unfortunately, the maid of Norway, as she was called, 
was too delicate to bear the fatigues of a sea-voyage, and was 
obliged to be landed at one of the Orkney isles, where after re- 
covering for awhile, she relapsed and died. 

Upon her death, no fewer than thirteen claimants for the 
crown appeared, even Eric deeming himself entitled to it in right 
of his deceased daughter. The true heir, however, was to be 
sought in the descendants of David, Earl of Huntingdon, the 
brother of King William, and of these there were two claiming 
in different degrees of kinship, namely John Baliol, Lord of 
Galloway, and Robert Bruce, Lord of Annandale. Appalled by 
the evils impending over Scotland, from so many rivals for the 
throne, the states referred the matter to Edward, as one whose 
judgement had been appealed to, and whose awards had been 
obeyed by the leading rulers of Europe. 

Edward agreed to arbitrate, but not in virtue of the authority 
conferred upon him by their solicitation. He claimed to be the 
feudal superior of Scotland, and as such the cognizance of the 
cause belonged to him. By the Scottish writers, this has been 
called the unjust ambition of Edward, but the English kings had 
for centuries been used to have homage done them by the kings 
of Scotland, though the exact nature of it had always been a 
matter of dispute, which on every fresh occasion ended by a 
compromise and a mutual reservation of their respective rights. 
This lasted till the time of Alexander, who after four years' re- 
sistance, swore fealty to Edward without any conditions. Now, 
however, when he summoned the Scotch prelates, barons, and 



EDWARD THE FIRST. 145 

commonalty to meet him at Norham, that he might decide be- 
tween the claimants for the throne, though they obeyed his 
summons, and assembled on the appointed day at Upsetlington 
upon the opposite side of the Tweed, yet they evaded giving 
any answer to his assertion of feudal superiority. Many delays 
on the part of the Scots, were requested and allowed, and as 
they still put in no counter-plea, Edward announced that he 
should take his rights for granted, and proceed in ^^rtue of them 
to adjudicate between the claimants. 

Bruce w^as the first called upon to say whether he would abide 
by the king's decision as his feudal lord, to which he repHed in 
the affirmative, and the other competitors in turn did the same. 
Baliol alone was absent at the time, and when he did appear the 
next morning, it seemed with great reluctance that he gave his 
assent, after having consulted with his friends. Edward next 
demanded that all the claimants should sign a document acknow- 
ledging him to be their feudal superior, a demand which was 
complied with, and in yet farther corroboration of his rights all 
the military tenants of the Scottish crown swore fealty to him, 
while the regents and wardens of the royal castles surrendered 
their respective charges into his hands. 

The first check that Edward received in his projects, was from 
Pope Nicholas the Fourth. He had sent envoys to Rome, to 
obtain the papal recognition of the claims which had been so 
solemnly allowed by the Scotch themselves. Nicholas refused, 
forgetful of the great obligations due to England by the Roman 
see, alleging many frivolous pretexts, and amongst others even 
pretending that he himself had a right in the kingdom of Scot- 
land. Edward paid no attention to this reply, but proceeded at 
once to the matter in hand, and finally gave his award in favour 
of Baliol, after a long and minute consideration of the various 
claims brought forw^ard. His anxiety to do justice to all parties, 
has never been disputed, and succeeding times have confirmed 
the justice of his decision. 



146 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

But the Scottish nobles did not acquiesce in the propriety of 
the award, and the course adopted shortly afterwards by Edward 
or his advisers, towards the newly created sovereign, was not 
calculated to gain the esteem of a people as proud and as turbu- 
lent as they were poor. Either with a view to acquire an as- 
cendancy over the new monarch, or to increase his own reputa- 
tion for inflexible administration of justice, the Enghsh king 
not only summoned Baliol to Newcastle, for the purpose of 
causing him to swear loyalty as a vassal, but subjected him 
besides to the indignity of obepng citations to appear in parlia- 
ment at Westminster, and even to stand as an ordinary individual 
at the bar of the common courts there, as a defendant at the 
instance of various private complainants. From the records of 
the period, it appears that John was summoned no less than six 
times in the course of one year ; and even his spirit, submissive 
as it was, at last revolted from the indignity. He secretly threw 
himself into the arms of France ; and the French king, thus 
stimulated, in his turn cited Edward to appear before him as a 
liege for the possession of Guienne. This was a summons, 
which it was equally hazardous for the English monarch to obey 
or defy. If he complied, in the exasperated relation of the two 
countries, he would almost assuredly have been treated as a 
prisoner : a sanguinary collision had lately occurred between the 
French and the inhabitants of the Cinque Ports at sea ; and in 
the event of refusing, he was liable at once, according to all the 
codes of Europe, to be deprived of his last remaining ancestral 
possessions as a recusant. With the usual policy, he endea- 
voured to steer an intermediate course ; he despatched the bishop 
of London to the French court, with the view of effecting an 
accommodation, and every effort was made by him to avert the 
catastrophe ; but with the usual results attendant on such mea- 
sures ; the French sovereign resisted every overture, and has- 
tened to form an alliance with Baliol. Edward, when apparently 
on the eve of attaining the long-cherished object of his am- 



EDWARD THE FIRST. 147 

bition, found his own conduct unexpectedly recoil upon him : 
he had scarcely completed the humiliation of Baliol, when he 
himself was doomed to experience equal haughtiness at the hands 
of France ; and as he was not at present in a condition to resist 
the hostility of the latter, no alternative remained but to witness 
in mournful silence the loss of his last continental possessions. 

On the Scottish king, and on Scotland, he took his revenge. 
He had no sooner learned that Guienne was confiscated, partly 
by fraud and partly by force, than he prepared to indulge at 
once his resentment and ambition on Baliol and his subjects as 
confederates in the plot. In a period incredibly short, an im- 
mense army was assembled and marched to the north ; Berwick 
was carried by assault, and its garrison put to the sword. The 
Earl Warrene, pursuing his march northwards from the city, 
encountered the Scots near Dunbar, and in a sanguinary action, 
fought on the 27th of April, 1296, ten thousand of their num- 
ber are said to have been left dead on the field. The whole 
country immediately submitted : the castle of Stirling, though 
strong, and that of Edinburgh, almost impregnable, surrendered 
without a blow ; and the English sovereign had shortly after- 
wards the satisfaction of finding his triumph completed by the 
surrender of John on the banks of the Tay. 

The terms he imposed, it must be confessed, were harsh. 
Baliol, after a forced surrender of his crown as well as person, 
was despatched to London as a prisoner, and only allowed to 
escape from incarceration in its Tower, on condition of retiring 
to France, there to live and die as a private person. But the 
treatment of the country has been still more condenmed. Not 
only were all the nobility who fell into his hands sent as pri- 
soners into England, but the whole public records and regalia 
were either destroyed or removed ; including amongst the latter, 
the celebrated coronation stone, to which a veneration so super- 
stitious was annexed, and which we believe is still to be found 
in the coronation chair at Westminster Abbey used by the sove- 
reigns of England. 



148 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

This asperity had the effect of creating fresh insubordination. 
While Edward was absent on the continent levying a languid 
and abortive war against France, the spirit of revolt was rekin- 
dled in Scotland by Sir WilUam Wallace, one of the most 
memorable patriots of whom history makes mention. In the 
career of this remarkable person it is impossible now to separate 
the real from the fabulous : but whether he was the immaculate 
and untarnished hero whom popular opinion in his country sur- 
mises, or imbued w^th the usual portion of ferocity common in 
that age, and ambition incidental to every, there can be no 
doubt that he speedily proved a formidable foe. From small 
begirmings, rising Uttle above the dignity of common rapine or 
ordinary robbery, he soon raised a force which threatened to 
overturn Edward's power — a consummation which he was the 
more readily enabled to achieve by the refusal of Bohun the 
constable, and Bigod the eaii-marischal of England, to march 
northwards without the presence of the king, to assail him. 
Edward, then in Flanders, was thus unable to resist, and the 
greater part of the conquered kingdom was consequently re- 
gained by Wallace, who, after defeating a numerous body of the 
English at Stirling, forced his way into England and laid the 
whole of the northern counties under contribution. But when 
the Enghsh king in person arrived on the spot, the tide was 
turned. The Scottish nobles, jealous of Wallace's ascendancy, 
refused to obey him ; and all being tumult and confusion in an 
hour when unanimity of purpose was imperatively requisite, 
Edward was enabled to obtain a still more decisive advantage at 
Falkirk. Half the nobility of Scotland are supposed to have 
been here destroyed ; and the Enghsh king having shortly after- 
wards concluded hostihties with France by the marriage of its 
princess, the whole of this ancient realm appeared on the point 
of helpless reduction. 

In this emergency, however, the Scotch found an unexpected 
ally in the Pope. His holiness deemed it a desirable opportunity 



EDWARD THE FIRST. 149 

for recovering ascendancy over a kingdom long almost lost to the 
Roman see, and while Edward was preparing to annex it per- 
manently to England, he suddenly had his ambition arrested by a 
papal bull, declaring that Scotland appertained to the sovereign 
Pontiff. This claim has usually been considered untenable, and 
none in a later age would perhaps more revolt from it than the 
Scotch. But at present it allowed them respite from Edward's 
power ; and while he was forced to remain inactive by the inter- 
dict of the church, they suddenly advanced and captured Stir- 
ling. But the treaty which followed between France and 
England, enabled Edward to overcome this difficulty. By the 
influence of the French monarch, he was gradually enabled to 
remove the pretensions of the Pope ; and the principal Scotch 
nobility having been either gained or forced to acknowledge his 
authority, the whole country was again brought under subjection. 
The indomitable Wallace alone held out ; but his career was short : 
betrayed and entrapped, he was sent as a prisoner to London, 
and executed for high treason — the greatest blot that rests 
on Edward's name. 

The Enghsh sovereign was now apparently in the zenith of 
his power, and he seemed at length on the point of attaining the 
object of his hopes ; but was destined, when in this altitude, to 
experience the uncertainty of human greatness. From an un- 
expected quarter, opposition arose. Robert Bruce, the young 
earl of Carrick, grandson of one of the candidates who had 
been rejected for Baliol, and hitherto, even in opposition to 
Wallace, one of the most devoted of Edward's adherents, sud- 
denly, in consequence of some surmised danger or personal dis- 
appointment, fled from London and unfurled the standard of 
revolt in the north. His followers at first were few ; but rank, 
vigour, and ability, soon brought numbers to his aid ; and an 
opponent more formidable than Wallace, thus started into ex- 
istence, inasmuch as to all the courage and more than the 
address of the other, he united substantial claims to the crown. 



150 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

No time accordingly was lost in despatching an army to quell 
him. But in the interval, Bruce, had been solemnly crowned 
at Scone ; and though the overwhelming forces of the Enghsh 
monarch defeated him, they could not destroy the prestige 
attached to this ceremony in that superstitious age. Whether 
prosperous or in adversity, the Scotch henceforth regarded 
Bruce as their sovereign ; and though he was often constrained 
to hve in caverns, or wander as an outcast, he again at inter- 
vals arose and ever remained unsubdued. He was in vain 
excommunicated by the Pope ; he again appeared in the field, and 
his subjects supported his pretensions to the crown. With equal 
futihty did Edward march an army, apparently irresistible against 
him, and stimulate the courage of its chiefs by bestowing knight- 
hood on three hundred of their sons, in common with his own 
heir, the Prince of Wales. In the midst of his pride and pomp, 
his body, long debilitated, w^as suddenly struck down near Carlisle, 
in the thirty-fifth year of his reign, and the sixty-ninth of his age. 
The character of this prince has often been drawn, and in 
colours diametrically opposite by English and Scotch historians. 
By the former, he is justly praised as one of the greatest of their 
monarchs ; by the other, he is naturally condemned as one of 
the most odious princes that ever sat upon a throne. In this 
age however, when national passions are past, and the kingdoms 
are at last conciUated by that union which it was his object to 
estabUsh, posterity may do him justice ; and the northern may 
unite with the southern inhabitants of the island in admiring his 
courage, lofty character, and capacity ; his abihty in peace, and 
vigour in war ; his personal virtues as a man, chivalrous bearing 
as a monarch ; and acknowledging the soundness of his aim, 
though they may dissent on the propriety of his measures. 








v^-4:-4^v:,.J 




^^^t«usw*" 




<><>«<> 



raauam tl)C Conqueror* 



The Normans (Men of the North), were a mixt nation of the fiercest 
Norwegians, Swedes, and Danes, and became settled in Neustria, in 
France, at the beginning of the 10th century, when King Charles the 
Simple, conferred the Duchy, since called Normandy, on 

RoLLo, THE Dane, one of the most celebrated of the Norman 
leaders. This renowned Chieftain, m. 1st, Poppa, dau. of Berengarius, 
Count of Baj'eux, and 2ndly, Gisela, dau. of Charles, Kmg of France ; 
by the former of whom he left at his decease, in 931, two sons and two 
daughters, viz. : 

1 . William, of whom presently. 

2. Robert, Count of Corbeil, ancestor of 

Hamon Dentatus, 6th Count of Corbeil, who, according to Anderson, 
was father of two sons ; 

1. Robert Fitz-Hamon, who accompanied William to England, 

and achieved great renown by his conquest of Glamorgan, 
where he was made Prince. His dau. Mabel, 77i. Robert, 
Earl of Gloucester, illegitimate son of Henry I. 

2. Richard de Granville, Earl of Corbeil, who d. on his journey 

to Jerusalem, leaving a son, 

Richard de Granville, Earl of Corbeil, patriarch of the 
great House of Granville, of which was the ever memo- 
rable 

Sir Bevil Granville, the Cavalier commander, 
slain at the battle of Lansdowne, 5 July, 1643. 
From his son. Sir John Granville, created Eahl 
of Bath, in 1661, derived the Granvilles, now 
of Calwich Abbey, co. Stafford. 



11 THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

1. Crespina, who m. Grimaldus I., Prince of Monaco, and had issue, 

GuiDO I., Prince of Monaco, hving a.d. 980, ancestor of the Grimaldis, 
Sovereign Princes of Monaco, and Dukes of Valentinois. 

Crispinus, Ansgot, who received from his grandfather RoUo, the Barony 
of Bee, and became patriarch of the Lords of Bee-Crispin. 

Gibelhnus, who was made Lord of Sinus St. Troppeus, by William I., 
Count of Provence. 

2, Gerletta, who m. William IL, Duke of Aquitaine, and Count of Poictou, 
and had with a dau. Blanca, wife of Lewis V. King of France, a son, 

William IIL, Duke of Aquitaine, who d. in the Abbey of St, Cyprian, 
A.D. 1025, having hadason, 

GuiDO, who became on his father's resignation in 1019, Duke 
of Aquitaine. He founded the Priory of St. Gemma, in 
Xaintonge, and d. in 1021, when he was succeeded by his 
son, 

William IV. Duke of Aquitaine, who assisted Philip I. of 
France, against William the Conqueror. He erected 
the Palace of Poictou, and, after conferring large do- 
nations on the Church, d. in 1086. His son and suc- 
cessor, 

William V. Duke of Aquitaine, reigned no less 
than seventy years. At his death, which occurred 
in 1156, he left two daughters : 

Petronella, wife of Rudolph, Count of Ver- 

mandbis, 
Eleanor, Duchess of Aquitaine, whom. Lewis, 
King of France, but was divorced from that 
monarch in 1 1 50, when she wedded Hen.IL 
King of England. 

The eldest son of Rollo, Duke of Normandy, 

William, surnamed Longa Spatha, Duke of Normandy, m. Adela, 
dau. of Hubert, Count of Senlis, and dying in 948 (he was slain, it is 
stated, by the treachery of Arnulph, Count of Flanders), left a son and 
successor, 

RiCHAED T., Duke of Normandy, surnamed sans peur, who d. in 
960, leaving by his wife, Gunilda, a Danish lady, four sons and two daugh- 
ters, viz. : 

1. Richard, his heir. 

2. Mauger, Eari of Corbeil. 

3. Robert, Count of Evreux (afterwards Bishop of Rouen), father of two 
sons, Richard, Count of Evreux, and Rudolph, Constable of Normandy. 

4. William, Count of Hiesmes and Eu, and Lord of Monstreul, who m. 

Lefieltna de Harcourt, and had two sons : 
Robert, Count of Eu, 
WilUam, Count of Soissons, d. without male issue. 

1, Emma, m. 1st, Etheldred, King of England, and by him, who d. in 1016, 
was mother of a son, Edward the Confessor. Emma, m. 2ndly, Ca- 
nute the Great, and by him was mother of Hardy Canute, King of 
England. 

2. Hedwig. m. to Geffrey, Count of Bretaigne. 



WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR. IX 

The el(1est son, 
Richard H., Duke of Normandy, surnamed the Good, m. 1st, 
Judith, dau. of the Duke of Britan)-, and had issue : 

1. Richard, his successor. 

2. Robert, successor to his brother. 

3. William, a Monk. 

1. Alice, who m. Renauld, Earl of Burgundy, and had a son, Guy, who 

claimed the Duchy at the decease of Robert le Diable. 

2. Eleanora, who m. Baldwin IV. Earl of Flanders, and was father of Baldwin 

v., Count of Flanders, whose dau. 
--' Matilda, m. William, Duke of Normandy, and became afterwards on 
the Conquest of England, Queen of England, 

3. Papia, wife of Guilbert Saint Valery. 

Duke Richard m. 2ndly, Estrith, sister of Canute the Dane, and dau. of 
Swene, King of Denmark. From her he was divorced ; and subse- 
quently he took as his third wife, Papia, a Danish lady, by whom he had 
two sons, Mauger, the celebrated Archbishop of Rouen, and William, 
Count of Arques. 

Richard d. in 1026-7, and was succeeded by his eldest son, 

Richard III., Duke of Normandy, who is stated to have been poisoned 
in 1027. He left no legitimate issue, and was succeeded by his brother, 

Robert le Diable, Duke of Normandy, who contributed to restore 
to his throne, Henry, King of France, and received from the gratitude 
of that monarch, the Vexin, as an addition to his patrimonial dominions. 
In the 8th 5'earof his reign, curiosity or devotion, induced him to under- 
take a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, where the fatigues of the journey 
and the heat of the climate, so impaired his constitution, that he died on 
his way home, at Nice, in Bythinia, in 1035. To Duke Robert, Herleva, 
or Arlotta, the dau. of an officer of his household, had borne a son, Wil- 
liam, who so strongly interested the affections of his father, that, before 
his departure for Palestine, Robert had prevailed on an assembly of the 
Barons at Fescamp, to acknowledge as heir to the Duchy, this 
' W^iLLiAM, who was only ten years old at his father's death. The Earl 
Gilbert became his guardian, and the King of France solemnly engaged 
to protect the rights of his orphan vassal. But the guardian was slain, 
the interests of William were neglected, and his dominions during the 
time of his minority, exhibited one continued scene of anarchy and 
bloodshed. At the age of nineteen, however, the young Duke first took 
the field to support by his own good sword, his claim to the succession, 
and after defeating Guy of Burgundy, and William of Arques, he baffled 
the efforts of his opponents ; and at length, aided by the chivalry of the 



,/' 



iv THE ROYAL FAMIMRS. 

warlike age in which he lived, effected the Conquest of England, by the 
defeat of Harold, at Hastings, in 1066. 

The Conqueror, who was b. in 1021, m. in 1053, Matilda, dau. of 
Baldwin V., Count of Flanders, by Adela, his wife, grand-daughter of 
Hugh Capet, and had issue : 

DESCEMDANTS OF WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR. 

1 . Robert, sumamed Court Hose, to whom his father bequeathed Normandy 

and Maine. This illfated Prince, defeated at the battle of Tenchebrai, was 
confined by Henry I. of England, in Cardiff Castle, until his death in 
1134, after a captivity of twenty-eight years. He m. (when in Italy, on 
his way to Palestine) Sybilla, dau. of Geoffrey, of Conversana, of Norman 
descent, and had a son, 

William, Earl of Flanders, who was protected by Philip le Gros, 
King of France, and received from that monarch, the hand of Joan, 
sister of his Queen Alice, and dau. of Humbert, Count of Mau- 
rienne. This youthful Prince, distinguished for his courage and 
gallantry, was slain at the battle of Alost, in 1128. He left no 
issue. 

2. Richard, d. young. 

' 3. William, who succeeded to the throne of England, as 2nd of the name. 
' 4. Henry, who ascended the throne as Henrv I. 

1. Cicely, Abbess of the Holy Trinity, at Caen, d. in 1126. 

2. Constance, who to. Alan Fergant, Count of Bretagne, but d. s. p. 

3. Alice, contracted to Harold. 

4. Adela, who m. Stephen Count of Blois, and d. in 1137, leaving a son, 

Stephen, King of England. 

5. Agatha, betrothed to Alphonso, King of Gallicia, d. unm. 

-vj 6. Gundred, who m. William de Warren, Earl of Warren and Surrey, and 
by that potent noble (who d. in 1089), had issue : 

1. William de Warren, Earl of Warren and Surrey, who m. Ehza- 
beth, dau. of the great Earl of Vermandois, and widow of Robert, 
Earl of Mellent, and dying in 1135, left issue, 

William de Warren, Earl of Warren and Surrey, a crusader, 
whose only dau. and heir, Isabel de Warren, m. 1 st, WiUiam 
de Blois, Earl of Moreton, natural son of King Stephen, but 
• by him had no issue : and 2ndly, Hameline Plantagenet, 

(natural brother of Henry II.) who assumed the surname of 
Warren, and became Earl of Surrey. By this Earl, Isabel 
left at her decease, 1198, a son William Warren {Plan- 
tagenet), Earl of Warren and Surrey, who m. twice, and had 
with a dau. Isabel, who in. Hugh de Albini, Earl of Arundel, 
but d. s.p., one son, John Warren, Earl of Warren and 
Surrey, who m. Alice, dau. of Hugh le Brun, Earl of March, 
and half-sister, by the mother, of Henry HI., and had one 
son and two daus., viz. : 1, WiUiam slain in a tournament 
at Croydon, leaving issue, a son John, Earl of Wairen and 
Surrey, who d. s. p. in 1347, and a dau. an eventual heiress, 
Ahce, wife of Edmund Fitz-Alan, Earl of Arundel, ances- 
tor, by her, of the Dukes of Norfolk (see under Edward I.) 



DESCENDANTS OF WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR. V 

2. Alianore, who m. Henry, Lord Percy, and ancestor of the 
Percys of Northumberland (see under Henry HI.), and 3. 
Isabel, wife of John de Baliol, afterwards King of Scotland. 

2. Reynold, one of the adherents of Robert of Normandy. 

3. Editha, who m. 1st, Gerard de Gournay, Baron of Goumay, and 

2ndly, Drew de Monceaux, and had by the former one son and 
two daughters, viz. : 

1. Hugo de Gournay, ancestor of the Lords Goumay. 

2. Gundred, who m. Nigel de Albini, Scutifer Conquestoris, 

and had two sons. 

1 . Roger, who possessing the lands of Mowbray, as- 

sumed, by command of King Henry, the surname 
of Mowbray, and became ancestor of the Mow- 
brays, Dukes of Noifolk. 

2. Henry, of Camho, ancestor of the Albinis, feudal 

Lords of that place. 

3. A second dau. who m. Richard de Talbot, and had 

two sons, viz. ; 

Geoffrey de Talbot, ancestor of the Talbots of 
Bashall, co. York, represented by Richard 
Walmesley Lloyd, Esq., son and heir of 
the late Richard Hughes Lloyd, Esq. of Ply- 
mog, Gwerclas, and Bashall. 

Hugh de Talbot, ancestor of the Earls of 
Shrewsbury. 

^ncestrp of ^atiina> ^wttxi of 2^illiam tje Conqueror* 

Baldwin 1. surnamed Bras de fer. Count of Flanders, (great grand- 
son of Lyderic, Count of Harlebec, the first hereditary Governor of 
Flanders) m. in 862, Judith, widow of Ethelwolf, Kmg of England, and 
dau. of Charles the Bald, grandson of Charlemagne, and by her, 
who survived him, left at his decease in 880, a son and successor, 

Baldwin II. surnamed the Bald, Count of Flanders, who carried on 
a successful war against Eudes, Count of France. He m. Alfritha, dau. 
of Alfred the Gtreat, King of England, and dying in 918, was s. by 
his son, 

Arnolph I. surnamed the Great, Count of Flanders, who waged war 
against William, of Normandy, whom he defeated and slew. By Alice, of 
Vermandois, his consort, who was fifth in descent from Charlemagne, 
Arnolph was father of 

Baldwin III. Count of Flanders and Artois, who wedded Matilda, 
dau. of Herman Billung, Duke of Saxony, and left at his decease in 962 
a son, 

Arnolph II. Count of Flanders, whose wife, Susanna, was dau. of 
Bereuger II. King of Italj'. He d. in 988, and was s. by his son, 



Vi THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

Baldwin IV., surnamed the Fair Beard, Count of Flanders, who is 
stated by some authorities to have married Orgina, dau. of Frederick, Count 
of the Moselle, and by others, Eleanor, dau. of Richard II. Duke of Nor- 
mandy. Certain it is that he died in 1034, and that he left a son and 
successor, 

Baldwin V. surnamed the Pious, Count of Flanders, who entered 
into hostilities, with the Emperor Otho II. and acquired from that mo- 
narch Valenciennes and the Isles of Zealand. He subsequently, further 
increased his territories by another rich accession, that of the citadel of 
Ghent. He m. in 1027, Adela, dau. of Robert, King of France, son of 
Hugh Capet, and had by her, 

1. Baldwin VI., called the Peaceable, Count of Flanders and Artois, who m. 
the Countess Richilda, of Hainault and Namur, and dying in 1070, left 
issue, 

Arnolph III. Count of Flanders, surnamed the Unlucky, slain in 

battle 1072. 
Baldwin I. Count of Hainault, whose great-grandson, 

Baldwin IV. Count of Hainault, m. Margaret, sister and heir of 
Philip the Great, Count of Flanders and Artois, and dying in 
1 1 94, left issue : 

Baldwin IX. Count of Flanders, Hainault and Namur, elected 
Empei'or of Constantinople, in 1204. He was slain at 
Adrianople, in the following year. 
Henry, elected Emperor of Constantinople, in 1205, d. in 

1216. 
YoLANDE, m. Peter de Courteney, elected Emperor of Con- 
stantinople in 1216. 
Isabel, heiress of the county of Artois, m. in 1180, to Philip 
II. King of France. 
2i Robert I. Count of Flanders and Artois, at the death of his nephew Ar- 
nolph in 1072. From him derived the subsequent Counts of Flanders. 
1. Judith, who m. 1st Tosti, Count of Northumberland, brother of Harold, 
and 2ndly, Guelph, Duke of Bavaria, ancestor of Ernest Augustus, 
Elector of Hanover, whose son ascended the throne of England as 
George I. 
^^2. Matilda, who wedded William the Conqueror. 



junior Descennantg of 2^illiam tfte Conqueror, 

The families sprung from the marriage of William de Wakren, Earl 
of Warren and Surrey, with Gundred, the Conqueror's youngest daugh- 
ter, viz. : 

Fitz-Alan, descended from Edmund, Earl of Arundel, by Alice, his wife, 
sister and heir of John, Earl of Warren and Surrey, (see under Henry HI.) 

Percy, descended from Henry, Lord Percy, of Alnwick, by Alianore, his 
wife, dau. of John, Earl of Warren and Surrey, (see under Henry HI.) 



DESCENDANTS OF WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR. vii 

GouRNAY, descended from Gerard de Goumay, Baron of Gournay, by Editha, 
his wife, dau. of William de Warren, Earl of Warren and Surrey. Of this 
line we may enumerate the Barons Gournay, whose eventual represen- 
tative, Julia, only dau. and heir of Hugh de Goumay, m. William, Lord 
Bardolph, of Wirmgay, and the Gournays of Somersetshire and Norfolk. 
From the latter, the Gumeys of West Barsham and Harpley, the Gurneys 
of Keswick derived their descent. Of the other scions of the marriage of 
Gerard de Gournay and Editha de Warren, were 

The MowBRAYS, Dukes of Norfolk, sprung from Roger de Albini, the 
elder son of Nigel de Albini, by Gundred de Gournay, his wife, and 
the Albinis of Camho, derived from Henry, younger brother of 
Roger. 
The Talbots of Bashall, co. York, and the Talbots, Earls of Shrews- 
bury, descended from Richard de Talbot, by his wife, the second 
dau. of Gerard de Gournay, by Editha de Warren. Of the Talbots 
of Bashall (now represented by Richard Walmesley Lloyd, Esq., 
son and heir of Richard Hughes Lloyd, Esq., of Plymog, Gwerclas, 
and Bashall), came 

Talbot, of Salesbury, co. Lancaster ; Assheton, of Middleton, 
CO. Lancaster : Ffakington, of Worden, co. Lancaster ;\now 
represented by James Nowell Ffarington, Esq. of Worden) ; 
LivKSEY, of Livesey, co. Lancaster ; Braddyll, of Braddyll ; 
White, of Bashall ; Ferrers, of Bashall ; Walmeslky, of 
Coldcoates and Bashall ; Lloyd, of Plymog, Gwerclas, and 
Bashall, &c. &c. 



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William II. sumamed Rufus, b in 1056, was second son of William 
of Normandy, by bis consort Matilda, dau. of Baldwin V. Count of 
Flanders, and derived maternally from Cbarlemagne, Emperor of the 
West, and Alfred tbe Great, King of England. Kufus Avas the Con- 
queror's favourite son, bad accompanied him in all his journeys, and 
fought by bis side in all bis battles. At bis father's death he ascended 
the throne of England to the prej udice of bis elder brother Robert, and 
was crowned 26th Sept. 1087. He never married, and at bis decease, 
A. D. 1100, the crov>ii devolved on his younger brother Henry. By 
whose hand the king fell, and whether by accident or design are questions 
still unsolved. Popular tradition ascribes the deed to Sir Walter Tyrrel, 
a hunting companion of the monarch, but an investigation of contempo- 
rary evidence leads to no proof of tbe circumstance, Certain it is that 
after sunset of the 2nd Aug. 1100, the body of the king was discovered 
by some countrymen lying on the ground and weltering in blood. An 
arrow, the shaft of which was broken, bad entered his breast. 



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Henry Beawc/erc, the youngest son of the Conqueror, was born at 

Selby in Yorkshire, in 1070, and became King of England on the fall of 

his brother ^Yilliam Rufus. His coronation was solemnized 5th Aug. 1170. 

He m. 1st in 1102, Matilda, dau. of Malcolm IH. King of Scotland, 

by Margaret, his wife, sister and heir of Edgar Atheling, grandson of 

Edmund Ibonside, King of England ; and by her had a son and a 

dau. viz. : 

William, who was drowned on his passage from Normandy in 1120, being- 
then aged 18. He had married Sybilla, dau. of Fulk, Count of Anjou, but 
left no issue. 
Maud, born in 1104, who m. 1st, the Emperor Henry IV. , but by him, who 
died in 1126, had no issue; and 2ndly, in 1127, the young and gallant 
Geoffrey Plantagknet, then only 16 years of age, son of Foulk V. 
Count of Anjou, by Ermengard, his wife, dau. and heir of Helias, Count of 
Maine. By this celebrated Prince, the Empress Maud, who united in her 
veins the blood of the Anglo-Saxon, with that of the Norman Sovereigns, 
left at her decease, 10th Sept. 1167, three sons, and one dau. viz. : 

Henry, who ascended the throne of England as second of his name, 
Geoffrey, Earl of Nantes, who d. in 1157. 
WiUiam, Earl of Poictou, who d. in 1163. 

Emma, who m. David, Prince of North Wales, younger son of Owen 
Gwynedd, Prince of North Wales, and was mother of an only dau. 
and heir, Gwenllian, who m. Griffith, younger son of Cadwygan, 
Lord of Nannau, younger son of Bleddyn ap Cynfyn, King of Powys, 
and had a dau. and heir Hunydd, wife of Sandde Hardd, Lord of 
Morton, ancestor, by her, of the Powells of Horsley, extinct baronets, 
and of Llewelyn ap Ynyr o'lal, patriarch of the great house of Lloyd 
of Bodiris, co. Denbigh, of which that of Lloyd of Gloster, in the 
King's County is a scion. 



X LINEAGE OF QUEEN MATILDA, C0N80RT OF HENRY I. 

Cerdic, the Saxon, crowned at AYinchester in 532, as third monarch of 
the Englishmen, is styled by Gibbon "one of the bravest of the children 
of Woden." He was father of the renowned Cenric, from whom de- 
rived in direct descent, Egbert, who, ])reviously to his advent to the 
throne, held a command in the army of Charlemagne. In 800, at the 
decease of King Brithric, Egbert was called by the voice of his country- 
men to assume the government of Wessex, and he subsequently suc- 
ceeded in reducing all the kingdoms of the heptarchy imder his sway. 
His reign, a long and a glorious one, is memorable for the great victories 
he achieved over the Danes. Egbert d. in 836, leaving by Redburga, 
his wife, two sons and one dau., viz. : 

Ethelwulf, his successor. 

Athelstan, who had Kent and Essex. 

Editha, Abbess of Pellesworth, in Warwickshire. 

The eldest son, 
Ethelwulf, succeeded his father in the throne of Wessex, and though 
fitter to wear the cowl than wield the sceptre, evinced much coiu^age and 
activity when the moment of action called his energies out. In his time 
the Danes renewed their incursions, but suffered defeat and great slaugh- 
ter, and at length disheartened by their loses, retired from the shores of 
Britain. Ethelwulf, d. in 858, and was buried at Winchester, leaving 
by Osburgha, his first wife, dau. of Oslac, the Thane, Grand Butler of 
England, 

I. Ethelbald, King of Wessex, who m. his father's widow, Judith, dau. of 
Charles the Bald, King of France, but the union scandalizing the people, 
Ethelbald consented to a separation. He d. in 860. 
II. Ethelbert, King of Wessex, d. in 866, and was buried at Sherborne. 

III. Ethelred, King of Wessex, whose reign was disturbed by the invasions 

of the Danes, in a conflict with whom at Basing, he received a death 
^ wound, in 871. His son Ethelwald, who opposed the right of liis cousin, 

Edward the Elder to the throne, was slain in battle, in 905. 

IV. Alfred, of whom presently. 

1. Elswitha, who m. Burrhed, King of Mercia, and d. a Nun, in 889. 

The youngest son, 
Alfred, surnamed the Great, the guardian and benefactor of his 
country, was born at Wantage, in 8I?9, and bj^ his ever memorable 
achievements as a warrior, patriot, and legislator, proved the brightest 
ornament of the race of Cerdic. This illustrious monarch, who as- 
cended the throne at the death of his brother Ethelred, rescued his 
country from slavery, enacted admirable laws, restored learning, and 



LINEAGE OF QUEEN MATILDA, CONSORT OF HENRY I. xi 

laid the fouiitlation of the English constitution. The general historian 
dwells with delight on his reign, as the fairest page in the world's annals, 
and all writers combine, in awarding to Alfred every great and good 
quality that could dignify or adorn a prince. The classical Keightley 
compares him to Marcus Aurelius, Mirabeau esteems Charlemagne in- 
ferior, and Voltaire maintains that there never existed on the earth a 
man more worthy of posterity's respect. 

According to Matthew of Westminster, and Ingulphus, Alfred died in 
900, but Robert of Gloucester fixes the date a j-ear earlier. The will 
of Alfred is deserving of notice, from the mteresting information it 
affords as to the transmission of property among the Saxons. A Latin 
but very faulty translation is given in Wise's Asser, p. 71. A more 
accurate version has been made by Mannuig, from the original in the 
Register of Newminster, and is deposited in the library of Mr. Astle. 

By Elswitha, his wife, dau. of Ethelred the Great, E^ldorman of 
Mercia, Alfred left two surviving sons, and three daughters, viz. : 
I. Edward, his successor. 
II. Ethelwald, b. in 880, who received from his father a learned education, and 
d. in 922. His sons, were Turketel, Chancellor to King Edred, and Abbot 
of Croyland, d. in 975, and Ethelwin and Edwin, who both perished at 
the celebrated battle of Brunanburg. 
I. Ethelfleda, m. to Ethelred, Duke of Mercia. This princess, whose mas- 
culine virtues and martial exploits, are celebrated in the highest strains of 
panegyric by our ancient historians, administered the government of 
Mercia, after the death of her husband, with great ability, and cordially 
supported her brother Edward, in his operations against the common 
enemy, the Dane. " The Lady of Mercia," as this illustrious princess was 
called, (/. in 920, leaving an only child, 

Elfwina, who was dispossessed of her territories, and sent an honour- 
able captive into Wessex, by her \mcle, Edward. She m. a West 
Saxon nobleman. 
11. Ethelgiva, Abbess of Shaftesbury. 

HI. Alfritha, to whose accomphshments and estimable qualities, Asser bears 
honourable testimony. Alfred bequeathed to her a hundred pounds and 
three manors. This princess m. Baldwin IL, Count of Flanders, and 
was great-great-great-grandmother of 

Baldwin V., Count of Flanders, whose dau. Matilda, was consort of 
William the Conqueror. 

The elder son and successor of Alfred the Great was, 
Edward, surnamed the Elder, whose right to the throne was opposed 
by his couski Ethel wald, who claimed as representative of Ethelred, the 
brother of the late monarch. Edward, who, aided by his heroic sister, 
the Lady of Mercia, defeated the Danes, and acquired more real power 
than had ever been possessed by his predecessors, d. in 925, having been 

Q 



Xll THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

thrice married. His first wife was the dau. of a neatherd, and was called 
Egwina. Of her, Malmesbury, on the faith of an ancient ballad, gives 
a romantic narrative. Her superior beauty, even in childhood, had 
atti'acted admiration : and a fortunate dream was said to portend that 
she would prove the mother of a powerful monarch. This report excited 
the curiosity of the lady who had nursed the children of Alfred. She 
took Egwina to her house, and educated her as one of her own family. 
When the etheling Edward casually \isited his former nurse, he saw the 
daughter of the neatherd, and was captivated with her beauty. A son, 
Athelstan, and a daughter, Editha, were the fruit of their mutual affection. 
From this very doubtful story, it has been inferred that these children 
were illegitimate ; but the force of the inference is weakened by the tes- 
timony of a contemporarj^ poetess, who, in mentioning the birth of 
Athelstan, alludes to the inferior descent of his mother, but at the same 
time calls her the partner of Edward's throne.* The son, Athelstan, 
succeeded to the crown at the decease of his father : the dau. Editha, 
m. Sightric, Danish Duke of Northumbria, and had two sons, Godfrid, 
and Anlaff. 

Edward the Elder's second wife, was Elfreda, dau. of Earl Ethelhelm, 
and by her he had 

Edward, who d. v.p. 

Edwin, who perished at sea. The traditionary ballads, consulted by Malmes- 

bur}--, attribute his death to the jealousy of the king, but Athelstan appears 

rather to have deplored his death as a calamity, than to have regretted it 

as a crime. 
Elsfeda, Abbess of Ramsay. 
Egvina, who m. first, Charles the Simple, King of France, and was by him 

mother of a son Louis, and a dau. Giselle, first wife of the Norman Rollo. 

Egvina m. secondly, the Count of Meaux, son of Herbert, Coimt of Ver- 

mandois. 
Ethelheld, a Nun at WHton. 
Ethelda, m. to Hugh the Great, Count of Paris. 
Editha, who wedded the Emperor Otto I. 
Egiva, wj. to a prince whose name is not recorded, but whose dojninions lay 

among the Alps. 
Edburga, a Nim at Winchester. 
Elgiva, m. to Louis, Prince of Aquitaine. 

Edward the Elder's third wife, was Edgiva, dau. of the Earl Sigelline, 

Lord of Meapham, Culings, and Lenham, in Kent, and the issue of this 

marriage were three sons : 

Edmund, who succeeded his brother Athelstan. 
Edrkd, successor to Edmund. 

* Lingard. 



LINEAGE OF QUEEN MATILDA, CONSORT OF HENRY I. xiii 

Elfred, who was the especial favourite of his father, by whom he was made 
co-partner in the kingdom. He d. young, and was buried at Winchester. 

Edward d. in 925, and was succeeded by his eldest son, 
Athelstan, first monarch of England, then about thirty years of age. 
This renowned prince, who, by the splendid victory of Brunanburgh, 
crushed his enemies, and achieved the sovereignty of the whole island, 
had the glory of establishing what has ever since been called the king- 
dom of England. He d. in 941, and was succeeded by his brother, 

Edmund the Elder, who was crowned at Kingston ; but his reign, a 
vigorous one, endured only six years. In 946, at a banquet given in 
celebration of the feast of St. Augustine, he was stabbed by a noted 
outlaw, Leolf. 

Edmund had married Elgiva, a princess of exemplary piety, and left 
two sons, Edwy and Edgar, of w^hom presently, as kmgs of England. 
At the decease of Edmund, the childhood of his sons rendered them 
incapable of directing the government, and ui an assembly of the pre- 
lates, thanes, and vassal princes, their uncle 

Edred, was chosen king, and rendered his reign remarkable, for the 
final subjugation of Northumbria. He d. in 955, and was buried at 
Winchester. His nephew and successor, 

Edvty the Fair, ascended the throne by the unanimous voice of the 
witan. This prince, who by his tyrannical proceedings, the immorality 
of his private life, his connexion with Elgiva, and the hostility he bore 
to the famous St. Dunstan, abbot of Glastonbury, alienated the affections 
of his subjects, d. in 959, and was succeeded by his brother 

Edgar the Peaceful, one of the most distinguished monarchs in the 
early annals of England, and perhaps, the most powerful. The Saxon 
Chronicles relate, that in 973, he received at Chester, the homage of 
eight princes : Kenneth, of Scotland ; Malcolm, of Cumberland ; 
Mac Orric, of Anglesey, and the Isles; lukil, of Westmoreland; 
Jago, of Galloway ; and Howel, Dyfnwal, and Griffith of Wales ; and 
they farther narrate how the ceremony was opened by a splendid proces- 
sion by water on the Dee, wherein the royal barge was rowed by the 
vassal kings. 

Edgar m. first, Elfleda, dau. of Ordmer, a nobleman of East Anglia, 

by whom he had a son Edward, his successor ; and secondly, Elfrida, 

the beautiful dau. of Ordgar, Earl of Devon, by whom he had another 

son, Ethelred. 

This great and good king, d. in 975. His eldest son, 

G 2 



xiv THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

Edwaed the Martyr, whose virtues promised a prosperous reign, 
fell a victim to the ambition of his step-mother, Elfrida, who caused him 
to be stabbed by an assassin, when in the act of drinking a cup of mead 
at her door. This sad event occurred in 978, and the prelates and 
thanes, in the absence of any other claimants, were compelled to bestow 
the crown on the son of the murderess, 

EthelkedII., surnamed the Unready, whose coronation was per- 
formed at Kingston, on the 14th April. This monarch, who possessed 
neither the spirit nor the ability of his predecessors, endeavoured by large 
sums of money to purchase the departure of the Danes. This expedient 
only increased the depredations of that marauding people, and in 1013, 
unable to resist their continued hostility, Ethelred fled to Normandy. 
He returned, however, shortly after, and d. in 1016. He m. 1st, in 984, 
Elgiva, dau. of Thored, an English Earl, and by her (who d. in 1003), was 
father with other issue, of Edmund, his heir, and Edwy, slain by the 
orders of Canute. Ethelred m. 2ndly, in 1003, Emma, called for her 
beauty, " the Pear I of Normandy," dau. of Richard I., Duke of that pro- 
vince, and by her (who wedded 2ndly, King Canute), had two sons : 

Alfred, slain by Earl Godwin. 

Edward, who ascended the throne at the death of Hardy Canute, in 1041, 
and is known in history as " the Confessor." This prince, educated at the 
Court of his kinsman, the Duke of Normandy, imbibed a strong regard for 
that country, and thus, by the encouragement he extended to the Nor- 
mans, prepared the kingdom for the advent of those enterprising soldiers. 
He m. Editha, the lovely daughter of Earl Godwin, and sister of Harold II. 
King of England, but d. without issue, 5 Jan. 1066, being the last Saxon 
King of the ancient blood royal of Cerdic. At his demise, the crown was 
usurped by his brother-in-law Harold, who fell at the battle of Hastings, 
the 14th of the October following ; when William of Normandy, by right 
of conquest, ascended the throne. 

Ethelred's eldest son, 

Edmund II., called " Ironside,'' from his hardy valour, made a bold 
and successful effort to sustain the falling fortunes of his House, but his 
reign endured for too brief a period. In 1017, he was murdered at the 
instigation of his brother-in-law Edric, styled by Speed, " a very com- 
pound of treasons." Edmund Ironside m. Algita, widow of Segeferth, 
a Danish Thane, and left two sons, 

Edwin or Edmund, who with his brother, fled fi-oni England, and was pro- 
tected and educated by Solomon, King of Hungary. He subsequently 
married that monarch's daughter Agatha, but died s.p. 

Edward, surnamed " the Outlaw," who resided at the Court of Hungary, 
until recalled by the Confessor to his native country. He survived his 
coming but one month, and f/. at London in 1057, leaving by Agatha, his 



LINEAGE OF QUEEN MATILDA, CONSORT OF HENRY I. XV 

wife, dau. of Henry II., Emperor of Germany, one son and two daughters, 
viz. : 

Edgar Atheling, who »i. Margaret, sister of Malcolm III., King of 

Scotland, but died s.p. 
CuRiSTiANA, a Nun. 

Margaret, who m. Malcolm III., King of Scotland, and d. in 1093, 
leaving with other issue (for which see Roi/al Descent of Scotland), a 
son and two daughters, viz. : 
David, King of Scotland. 

Matilda, Queen of Henry I., King of England. 
Mary, who m. Eustace, Earl of Boulogne, and was mother of 
Matilda, consort of Stephen, King of England. 
Of Margaret, Queen of Scotland, the heiress of our Saxon Royal Line, 
Sir Walter Scott gives the following description. " She did all in 
her power, and influenced as far as possible the mind of her husband 
to relieve the distresses of her Saxon countrymen, of high or low 
degree, assuaged their afflictions, and was zealous in protecting those 
who had been involved in the ruin which the battle of Hastings 
brought on the Royal House of Edward the Confessor. The gentle- 
ness and mildness of temper proper to this amiable woman, probably 
also the experience of her prudence and good sense, had great weight 
with Malcolm, who, though preser\-ing a portion of the ire and ferocity 
belonging to the king of a wild people, was far from being insensible 
to the suggestions of his amiable consort. He stooped his mind to 
hers on religious matters, adorned her favoiunte books of devotion 
with rich bindings, and was often seen to kiss and pay respect to the 
volumes which he was unable to read." 




^tep&en, Eing of <2BnglanD» 



Stephen of Blois, Count of Boulogne, who seized upon the throne at 
the death of Henry I., and was crowned by William, Archbishop of Can- 
terlmry, 22 Dec. 1135, was second son of Stephen, Count of Blois, by 
Adela, his wife, dau. of William the Conqueror. He pretended 
that the deceased monarch had expressed an intention that he should 
follow him on the throne, and he sustained this feeble claim by the most 
dauntless energy and courage. At length, after many changes of for- 
tune, Stephen having lost his son, Eustace, entered into a compact with 
Henry Plantagenet, son of his rival, the Empress Maud, by which 
it was agreed that Ste})hen should enjoy the throne in peace during his 
life, and that Henry should succeed him. 

Gello, a prince of the Northmen, who invaded Normandy under 
Rollo the Dane, was the first Count of Blois, being so created by Charles 
the Simple. He d. in 928, leaving a son, 

Theobald I., Count of Blois, who m. the sister of the Emperor Con- 
rad, and was succeeded by his eldest son, 

EuDEs, Count of Blois, Chartres, Tourain, Brie, and Champaigne, 
a turbulent noble of his time, slain at Lorraine, in 1032. He m. 1st, 
Emelia, dau. of the Emperor Conrad II., and 2ndly, Matilda, dau. of 
Richard 1., Duke of Normandy. 
His eldest son, 

Theobald II., Count of Blois, Chartres, and Tourain, was defeated 
and slain in battle near Tours, by Godfrey Martel, Count of Anjou, a.d. 
1043 ; and as he left no issue, his inheritance dev^olved on his brother, 

Stephen, Count of Champaign, Blois, Chartres, and Tourain, a 
crusader under Godfrey de Bouillon, who fell, gallantly fighting against 



8TEPHEN. XVII 

the Infidels, at Rames, in 1101. He m. Adela, the favourite dau. of 
William the Conqueror, King of England, and had issue: 

I. Theobald III., Count of Blois, and 3rd Count Palatine of Champaign, 
who m. Matilda, a German Princess, and dying in 1151, left with several 
daughters, of whom Alisa was third wife of Louis VII. of France, four 
sons, viz. : 

1. Henry, Count of Champaign and Brie, a crusader, m. Mary, dau. 

of Louis VII., King of France, and left with a dau. Mary, m. to 
Baldwin, Count of Flanders, Emperor of Constantinople, two sons, 
viz. : 

Henry II., Palatine of Champaign and Brie, accompanied Philip 

Augustus and Richard Coeur de Lion, to Palestine, and was 

made King of Jerusalem. He d. at his palace at Acre, in 

1196, leaving by Isabel, his wife, widow of Conrad, Margrave 

of Montferrat, two daus. ; the elder, wife of Hugh, King of 

Cypi-us, and the younger, of Heyrard, Count of Brienne. 

Theobald, Palatine of Champaign, m. Blanca, sister and heir of 

Sanctius VII., King of Navarre, and became in consequence 

King of that country. He d. in 1201 , leaving with two daus., 

Blanca, wife of Odo, Duke of Meran, and Beatrice, wife of 

Hugh IV., Duke of Burgundy, a son and successor, 

Theobald I., Kmg of Navarre, and Count of Champaign, 

whose son, Henry I., King of Navarre, and Count of 

Champaign, left at his decease, in 1274, an only dau. and 

heiress, Johanna, wife of Philip IV., King of France. 

2. Theobald IV., Count of Blois and Chartres, Seneschal of France; 

d. at the siege of Acre, 1190, leaving by Alisa, his wife, dau. of 
Louis VII., King of France, several children, who all d. issueless, 
excepting one dau., who became Countess of Blois, and m. Gautier, 
Lord of Avesnes, in Hainault, by whom she left an only dau. and 
heir, Mary, m. to Hugh de Chastillon, Count of St. Paul. 

3. Stephen, Count of Sancerre. 

4. WLUiam, Cardinal Archbishop of Rheims. 

n. Stephen, Count of Bidlogne and Mortaign, King of England. 
HI. Humbert, Count of Vertus. 
IV. Henry, Bishop of Vicester. 
I. Maud, m. Richard de Abrineis, Earl of Chester, only son of Hugh Lupus, 
but d.s.p. Maud and her husband, were amongst the victims of the 
memorable shipwreck, wherein the king's sons William and Richard, 
perished. 
Stephen, King of England, m. Maud, dau. of Eustace, Count of Boulogne, 
by Mary, his wife, dau. of Malcolm III., King of Scotland, and his Queen 
Margaret, the heiress of the Saxon Royal Line. Of this alliance there 
was issue, two sons and a dau., viz. : 

Eustace, Count of Boulogne, m. Constace, dau. of Louis VI., King of 

France, but d.s.p. in 1152. 
Wdliara, also d.s.p. 

Mary, who m. Matthew, son of Theodoric, of Alsatia Count of Flan- 
ders, and left a dau Ida, Countess of Boulogne, who m. four times. 
1st, Matthew of Tuilli ; 2ndly, Erchard, Count of Gelders; 3rdly, 
Berthold, Duke of Zarengen ; and 4thly, Reinald, of Dammartin. 







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This monarch, b. in 1133, son of Geoffrey Plantagexet, Count of 
Anjou, by Maud, his wife, widow of the Emperor Henry IV., and dau. 
and heir of Henry I., King of England, ascended the throne at the 
death of King Stephen, in llol, and inherited a greater extent of ter- 
ritory than had ever been held by an English sovereign, which he 
still further increased by the conquest of Ireland and Brittanj", and by 
his marriage in 1151, with Eleanor, the divorced Queen of Louis VII. 
of France, and the richly portioned dau. and heiress of William V., 
Duke of Aquitaine, and Count of Poictou. By this lady, who d. in 
1202, Henry had issue : 

William, b. in 1152, d. 1156. 

Henry, b. in 1155, crowned by command of his father. King of England, 
in 1170. This prince, who broke out into open revolt against his father, 
m. Margaret, dau. of Louis VII., King of France, but d.s.p. in 1183. 
His widow m. 2ndly, Bela IIL, King of Hungary. 
KiCHAKD, successor to the throne (see Richard I.) 

Geoffrey, Earl of Bretagne, b. in 1158, accidentally slain in a tourna- 
ment at Paris, in 1185. He m. Constance, dau. of Conan le Petit, Earl of 
Richmond, and Duke of Brittany, and left a posthumous son, and a dau., 
viz, : 

Arthur, put to death by his uncle. King John, 3 April, 1203. 
v. John, successor to his brother, Richard (see King John.) 
I. Matilda, b. in 1156, who m. Henrj^ the Lion of Saxony, and had issue, 

1. Henry, Longus, of Zelle, who became Count Palatine of the Rhine, 
from 1195 to 1215. This prince partitioned his father's dominions 
with his brother Otto ; and d. in 1227, leaving two daus., the elder 
m. to Otto the Illustrious, Duke of Bavaria, and the younger m. to 
Herman IV., Margrave of Baden. 

2. Otto, Duke of Brunswick, elected Emperor in 1198, d. in 1218. 



I. 
II. 



III. 

IV. 



HENRY THE SECOND. XlX 

3. William, surnamed of H^inchester, from the place of his birth. This 

prince, b. in 1 184, was one of the hostaj^es for the payment of the 
ransom of his uncle Richard Cceur de Lion. He m. Helen, dau. of 
Waldemar I., King of Denmark, and left at his decease in 1213, an 
only son, 

Otho, surnamed Puer, who, at the death of his uncle Henry, of 
Zelle, laid claim to Brunswick as heir male, in opposition to 
that prince's daughters, and establishing his right by the sword, 
was created by the Emperor Frederick H., Duke of Bruns- 
wick LuNENBURGH. He m. Matilda, dau. of Albert H., Elec- 
tor of Brandenburg, and dying in 1252, was succeeded by his 
eldest son, 
Albert the Great, Duke of Brunswick, a renowned soldier, who, 
at the head of the Bohemians and Brunswickers, defeated a 
powerful army of Hungarians, and captured their king. In 
1258, he took the fortress of Asseburg after three years' siege, 
and also acquired by conquest, the lordship of Wolfenbuttel. 
His successful career terminated in 1279. From him directly 
descended the Dukes of Brunswick, and the Electors of 
Hanover, as will be shown hereafter. 

4. Luther, who d. in 1191. 

1. Maud, who m. Henry Burewin L, Prince of Wenden, and from this 
marriage derived the House of Mecklenburg, and Queen Charlotte, 
consort of George HI. of England. 
II. Eleanor, who m. Alplonso VHI., King of Castile, and was mother of 

Blanche, Queen of Louis VIH. of France. 
III. Joan, 7H. 1st, to WiUiam H., King of Sicily, and 2ndly, to Raymond, 
Count of Thoulouse. 
Henry H. d. 6 July, 1189, aged 57. 

The Royal House of Plantagenet derived its surname, according to 
Rapin, from the following circumstance: "Fulk the Great, Count of 
Anjou, being stung with remorse for some wicked action, in order to 
atone for it, went a pilgrimage to Jerusalem, and was scourged before 
the Holy Sepulchre with broom twigs — " plants de genet," which grew 
in great plenty there. Earlier authorities, however, assign for origin of 
the appellation, the custom of Geoffrey, Count of Anjou, who bore a full 
blossomed branch of the yellow broom, by way of plume in his helm. 
The first Count of all Anjou, was 

Fulk, the Red, who d. in 938, and whose son, 

Fulk IL, surnamed the Good, succeeded to the country of Anjou, 
at the death, in battle, of his eldest brother, Ingelger. By Gerverga, his 
wife, he was father of 

Geoffrey L, surnamed Grisegonelle, who received in requital of his 
gallant services against the Emperor Otho, a grant from King Robert, of 
the dignified office of Seneschal of France. He m. Adelais, ofVerman- 
dois, dau. of Robert, Count of Troyes, and dying ^1 July, 987, was suc- 
ceeded by his son, 



XX 



THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 



FuLK III., sumamed the Black, Count of Anjou, whose dau. 

Ekmengard, heiress of her brother Geoffrey Marsel, Count of Anjou, 
wedded Geoffrey, sumamed Ferole, Count of Gastinois, and was mother 
of 

FuLK IV., surjiamed the Rude, who succeeded as Count of Anjou, at 
the decease, in prison, of his elder brother, Geoffrey the Bearded. Fulk 
d. 14 April, 1106, leaving a dau. Ermengard ; m. 1st, to William, Duke 
of Aquitaine, and 2ndly, to Alan III., Count of Bretaign, and a son, 

Fulk V., Count of Anjou, who m. 1st, Ermengard, dau. and heir of 

Helias, Count of Maine, and had by her 

Geoffrey, his heir. 

Helias, Count of Mayenne, whose dau. and heir, Mary, m. John I., Count of 

Alengon. 
Sibylla, m. 1st, to William of Normandy, Count of Flanders, and 2ndly, to 

Theodore, of Alsatea, Count of Flanders. 

Fulk, m. 2ndly, Melesend, dau. of Baldwin II., King of Jerusalem, and 
became king himself at the death of his father-in-law. His eldest son, 
by his first wife, 

Geoffbey Plantagenet, Count of Anjou, who m. 3 April, 1127, 
the Empress Maud, widow of the Emperor Henry IV., and dau. and 
heiress of Heney I., King of England, and had by her, who d. 10 Sept. 
1167, a son and successor, 

Henry, Count of Anjou, who ascended the throne as Henry II. 

Geoffi-ey Plantagenet, a prince of great justice and charity, d. in Sept. 
1150, and was buried at Mans, in St. Julian's church. 




#entalostes of tlje ^obeveigits. 















iRicljarD tfie jrir0t, Bing of (JHnglann. 



Richard " Cceur de Lion," so celebrated as a soldier of the cross, was 
b. in 1157, ascended the throne in 1189, and d. in 1199, having been 
slain by an arrow from the castle^ of Chalons, which he had invested. 
His consort, by whom he had no issue, was Berengaria, the lovely 
daughter of Sancho, the WisBy King of Navarre. 

The Royal House of Navarre derived in the female line from Aznar, 
first Sovereign Count of AiTagon on the deliverance of that country from 
the Moorish yoke, and became the parent stem, from which issued the 
Kings of Arragon, Castile and Leon. 

Sancho, the Wise, m. Beatrice, dau. of Alphonso, King of Castile, and 

had three children, viz. 

I. Saxcho, the Strong, celebrated by the Proven9al poets, for his gallant 
exploits against the Moors. He d.s.p. 
II. Berexgaria, consort of Richard CcEur de Lion. 

III. Blanche, who m. the Troubadour Prince, Thibaut, Count of Cham- 
paigne, and d. leaving a son, 

Thibaut, Count of Champaigne, who became heir of his uncle, 
Sancho, the Strong, and of his aunt, Berengaria, and was even- 
tually King of Navarre. 

After the death of Richard, Berengaria fixed her residence at JMans, 
in the Orleannois, and passed her latter years in honourable retnTment 
within the walls of the stately Abbey of L'Espan, which she had founded. 
" From early youth to her gi-ave," (v>-e quote the elegant historian of 
England's Queens) " Berengaria manifested devoted love for Richard ; un- 
complaining when deserted by him, forgiving when he returned, and 
faithful to his memory unto death, the royal Berengaria, Queen of Eng- 
land, though never in England, little deserves to be forgotten, by any 

admirer of feminine and conjugal virtue." 

*h 



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lOi 






3[o!)n, i^mg of CnglanD^ 



This monarch was 6, 24 Dec. 1160, and crowned 27 May 1199. He 
«i. 1st, Avisa, the dau. and rich heiress of William, Earl of Gloucester, 
who was son of Robert de Mellent, natural son of King Henry the First, 
but this lady was subsequently divorced, in order to marry Isabella, dau. 
and heir of Aymer Taillefer, Count of Angouleme, by Alice, his wife, 
dau. of Peter, Lord of Courtnay, 5th son of Lewis Le Gros, King of 
France, 

By maternal descent, Isabella thus shared the blood of the Capetian 
sovereigns, and from her father she inherited the beautiful province of 
the Angoumois, situated in the very heart of Aquitaine. Her marriage 
to John of England was solemnized at Bordeaux, in 1200, and its issue 
consisted of two sons, and three daus., viz. : 

I. Henry, -vvho ascended the throne as third of his name. 

II. Richard, Duke of Cornwall, b. in 1208, created in 1225 Earl of Poic- 

tiers, and elected King of the Romans in 1256. He m. 1st, Isabel, 
dau. of William Marshall, Earl of Pembroke, and widow of Gilbert de 
Clare, Earl of Gloiicester, and, by her, was father of 

Henry, b. in 1235, who was slain by Guy and Simon, sons of Simon, 
Earl of Leicester. 
The King of the Romans m. 2ndly, Sancha, dau. and coheir of Ray- 
mond Berenger, Count of Provence, and by her had 

Edmund, Earl of Cornwall, who m. Margaret, dau. of Robert de 

Clare, Earl of Gloucester, but d.s.p. 
Richard, slain at the siege of Kenwick, in 1296. 
The King of the Romans m. 3rdly, Beatrice, niece of Conrad, Elector of 
Cologne, but by her he had no issue. Of his illegitimate children, the 
eldest, 

Richard de Cornwall, was patriarch of the Cornwalls, Barons of 
Burford, in Shropshire. 

III. Joan, m Alexander II. King of Scotland, but d.s.p. 



JOHN. XXlll 

IV. Eleanora, who m. 1st, William, Earl of Pembroke, ami 2ndly, Simon 
Montfort, lilarl of Leicester, and had issue only by the latter, who was 
slain at Evesham, in 1265, viz : 

1. Henry, who fell at Evesham, leading the van of the Baronial 

army. 

2. Simon, Earl of Bigoore, ancestor of the Montforts of France. 

3. Guy, who is said to have become Earl of Angleria, in Italy, the 

heir progenitor of the Montforts of Norway, and of the Counts 
of Campobachi, of Naples. 

4. Richard, who is stated to have remained in England in privacy, 

under the name of Wcllsburne. 

5. Eleanor, m. 3 Oct. 1271, to Llewelyn ap Griffith, King of North 

"Wales, and d. in 1280, leaving an only dau. and heiress, the 
Princess Catharine. 
V. Isabella, b. 1214, m. Frederick II. Emperor of Germany, and had two 
daughters, 

1. Margaret, wife of Albert Degener, Llangrave of Thuringia, and 

Margrave of Misma, by whom she was mother of 

Fkederick, Margrave of Meissen and Thuringia, direct an- 
cestor of the Royal House of Saxe, and of H.R.H. 
Pkince Albert, (see the Royal Descent of the House of 
Saxe Gotha.) 

2. Agnes, m. to Conrad, of Thuringia. 

After the death of Kmg John, Isabella retired to her native city of 
Angoul^rae, and in about three years after, according to Matthew of 
Westmimster, " took to her husband her former spouse,^- Hugh le Bran, 
Count of Marche," and d. in 124^6, leaving by him several sons, of 
whom the eldest, Hugh de Lusignan, succeeded his father as Count de la 
Marche and Angoul^me. 

* This expression refers to the fact of Isabella's betrothment to the Count of 
March, before her marriage with King John. 









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i- j;' i Si, j^ e^-;^!^ 2- Nii^i^l, 



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J^entp ti)e Cfiitti, Eing of €nglann* 

Henry III., &. at Winchester, 10th Oct., 1208, succeeded his father, as 
King of England in 1216. He m. in 1236, Eleanor, 2nd dau. and coh. 
of Raymond Berenger, Count of Provence, grandson of Alfonso, King 
of Arragon. Berenger was the last and most illustrious of the royal 
ProYen9al Counts ; and, even had he not been the sovereign of the land 
of song, his own verses would have entitled him to a distinguished rank 
among the Troubadour poets. His consort, Beatrice, dau. of Thomas, 
Count of Savoy, was scarcely less celebrated for learning and literary 
taste. Of these illustrious parents, the eldest daughter, Marguerite, be- 
came the wife of St. Louis, King of France, and the second, Eleanor, 
wedded Henry III. of England, on the 4th Jan. 1236. Piers of Lang- 
toft, thus commemorates the Royal Lady : — 

Henry, our King, at Westminster took to wife 

The Earl's daughter of Provence, the fairest May in life ; 

Her name is Elinor, of gentle nurture ; 

Beyond the sea there was no such creature. 

By this famous beauty, Henry had issue : 

I, Edavard, his heir, afterwards Edwakd I. 

ir. Edmu]s"d, surnamed Crouchback, Earl of Lancaster, of whom presently, 
I. Margaret, h. in 1241, and named after her aunt, the Queen of France. 
This Princess m. Alexander HE King of Scotland, and had, besides 
two sons, Alexander and David, who both d.s.p., an only dau. Mar- 
garet, who wedded in 1281, Eric, King of Norway, and left an only 
dau. Margaret, the Maiden of Norway, who ascended the throne of 
Scotland, in 1285, but d. soon after unmarried. 
II. Beatrice, b. in 1242, who m. John de Dreus, Earl of Richmond and 
Duke of Britanny, and had issue, 

1. Arthur, who inherited the Dukedom of Brittany. He m. twice : 

by his second wife, he was father of John, Count of Montfort, 
whose son, John de Drexjx, Earl of Richmond, m. Mary, dau. 
of King Edward IH., (whose reign see). By his first wife, he 
had a son, 

John de Dreux, Duke of Brittany, succeeded to the Earl- 
dom of Richmond, in 1334, but d.s.p. in 1341, 

2. John, Earl of Richmond, d.s.p. in 1334. 

1. Blanch, m. to Philip, son of Robert, Earl of Artois. 

2. Mary, m. to Guy Castilon, Earl of St. Pol. 

3. Alice, Abbess of Fontevraud. 

Henry III. d. 16 Nov. 1272. His widow survived him nineteen 
years, dying at the Nunnery of Ambresbury, 24 June, 1291. 



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Cj| 



CnmunD piantagenet, OHatl of Lancacter, ann l)i0 

De0centiant0. 



Edmund Plantagenet, surnamed Crouchback, Earl of Lancaster, 
younger son of King Henry III., was born at London, in February 
12J^5, and when he had attained his eighth year was solemnly invested 
by the pope, in the kingdom of Sicily and Apulia. About this time too, 
he was made Earl of Chester. But neither of these honours turned out 
eventually of much value, for the real king of Sicily, Conrad, was then 
living ; and the Earldom of Chester is said to have been transferred to 
the prince's elder brother, Edward, afterwards Edward 1. He soon 
obtained, however, both possessions and dignities, for upon the forfeiture 
of Simon de Montfort, Earl of Leicester, the king, by letters patent, 
granted him the mheritance of the Earldom of Leicester, as also the 
honour and stewardship of England ; with the lands likewise of Nicolas 
de Segrave, an associate in the treason of Montfort. And the next 
ensumg year he had another grant from the crown of all the goods and 
chattels, whereof Robert de Ferrers, Earl of Derby, was possessed upon 
the day of the skirmish at Chesterfield. He subsequently had grants of 
the honour of Derby, with the castles, manors, and lands, of the said 
Robert de Ferrers ; and the honour of Leicester, with all the lands of 
Simon de Montford, late Earl of Leicester ; to hold to himself and the 
heu-s of his body. About the 51th Henry IH. the Earl went into the 
Holy Land, and returned within two years. In the reign of Edward I. 
he was in the Scottish wars and had the grants which he had received 
from his father confirmed, with additional castles, manors, and lands of 
great extent. In the 21st of that reign he procured license from the 
crown to make a castle of his house, in the parish of St. Clement's 
Danes, in the county of Middlesex, called the Savoy. And founded 



XXvi THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

the nunnery, called the Minoresses, without Aid gate, in the suburbs of 
London. He was afterwards m the Welsh wars ; and then proceeded 
to France, being sent with the Earl of Lmcohi, and twenty-six bannerets, 
into Gascony. He eventually invested Bordeaux, but not succeeding in 
its reduction, the disappointment affected him so severely, that it brought 
on a disease which terminated his life in the year 1295. The prince's 
remains were brought over to England, and honourably interred in 
Westminster Abbey. Upon his death-bed, he directed " that his body 
should not be buried 'till his debts were paid." This Earl espoused 
first, AvELiNE, (daughter of William de Fortibus, Earl of Albemarle), 
Countess of Holderness, heir to her father, and by her mother. Countess 
of Devon and the Isle of Wight, but this great heiress d. the following 
year, without issue. This prince, m. 2ndly., Blanche, daughter of Ro- 
bert, Earl of Artois, (third son of Lewis VIIL, Kmg of France), and 
widow of Henry, Kmg of Navarre, by whom he had surviving issue, 

Thomas, his successor. 

Heney, of whom hereafter, as restored Earl of Lancaster. 

His highness was s. by his elder son, 

Thomas Plantagenet, Earl of Lancaster, who, in the 26th Edward L, 
doing his homage, being then esteemed of full age by the king, had 
livery of his lands, except the dowry of Blanche, his mother ; and 
thereupon marched into Scotland, the king himself being in the expe- 
dition. The earl, who was hereditary sheriff of Lancashire, substituted 
Richard de Hoghton, his deputy in that ofRce. For the remainder of 
this reign, the Earl of Lancaster was constantly employed in the wars of 
Scotland. In the 4th Edward II., having espoused Alice, only daughter 
and heiress of Henry de Lacy, Earl of Lincoln, he had livery of the 
Castle of Denbigh, and other lands of her inheritance ; his homage for 
them being performed the ensuing year, in the presence of divers bishops, 
earls and barons, and other of the king's council, in a certain chamber, 
within the house of the Friars Preachers, in London. The Earl is said 
to have borne the title of Earl of Lincoln, in right of this lady : after 
his decease, she married Eubold le Strange, who d.s.p., and thirdly, 
Hugh le Frenes ; the which Eubold and Hugh, are deemed, by many 
writers, to have been Earls of Lincoln. The said Alice styled herself 
Countess of Lincoln and Salisbury, and d. issueless in 1318. In the 
.5th Edward II., the Earl of Lancaster joined the confederation against 
Piers Gaveston, and was made their general by those nobles and great 
personages, who had united for a redress of grievances. It is said, that 



EDMUND PLANTAGENET, EARL OF LANCASTER. XXvii 

his father-in-law, Heniy de Lacy, Earl of Lincoln, had charged him 
upon his death-bed, to maintain the quarrel against Gaveston, and that 
thereupon he joined with the Earl of Warwick, and caused the favourite 
to be put to death. From this period, he was never fully restored to 
the confidence of the king, but was esteemed the great champion of the 
popular party, in whose cause he eventually laid down his life ; for 
taking up arms against the Spencers, he was made prisoner in a skirmish 
at Boroughbridge, and being thence conveyed to Pontefract, was be- 
headed on a plain without the town, (where a beautiful church was after- 
wards erected, in honour of his memory), in April, 1321. Dugdale 
details the event that immediately preceded the earl's untimely death, 
thus — " That being come to Boroughbridge, he there found Sir Andrew 
de Harcla, warden of Carlisle, and the Marches, and Sir Simon Ward, 
sheriff of Yorkshire, ready to encounter him. Where relating to Harcla 
his just quarrel to the Spencers, he (the earl) promised him, if he would 
favour his ca,use, to give him one of those five earldoms which he had 
in possession ; and that Harcla refusing, he told him he vvould soon 
repent it, and that he should die a shameful death (as it afterwards 
happened.) Also, that Harcla, then causing his archers to shoot, the 
fight began, in which many of this earl's party being slain, he betook 
himself to chapel, refusing to yield to Harcla, and looking to the crucifix, 
said, ' Good Lord, I render myself to thee, and put myself into thy 
mercy,' Also, that they then took off his coat armour, and puttmg 
upon him one of his men's liveries, carried him by water to York, where 
they threw balls of dirt at him. Moreover, that from thence, they 
brought him back to the king at Pontefract castle, and there put him in 
a tower, towards the abbey, which he had newly made. Likewise, that 
soon after,'being brought into the hall, he had sentence of death, by 
these justices: — Aymer, Earl of Pembroke, Edmund, Earl of Kent, 
John de Bretaigne, and Sir Robert Malmethorpe, who pronounced the 
judgment. Whereupon, saying, ' shall I die without answer ? A cer- 
tain Gascoigne took him away, and put a pill'd broken hood on his head, 
and set him on a lean white jade, without a bridle ; and that then he 
added, ' King of Heaven, have mercy on me, for the hing of earth 
nous ad guerthi.' And that thus he was carried, some throwing pellots 
of dirt at him, (having a Fryer-preacher for his confessor), to an hill 
without the town, where he kneeled down towards the east, until one 
Hugin de Muston caused him to turn his face towards Scotland, and 



XXviii THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

then a vinain of London, cut off liis head. After which, the prior and 
monks obtaining his body from the king, buried it on the right hand of 
the high altar. The day of his death was certainly upon the Monday 
next, precedmg the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgui. Touchmg his 
merits," continues the same authority, " there happened afterwards 
very great disputes : some thinking it fit that he should be accounted a 
saint, because he was so charitable, and so much an honour of the re- 
ligious ; as also that he died in a just cause ; but chiefly because his 
persecutors came within a short period to untimely ends. On the other 
side many there were who taxed him for adultery, in keeping of sundry 
women, notwithstanding he had a wife. Aspersing him likewise for 
cruelty, in putting to death some persons for small offences ; and pro- 
tecting some for punishment who were transgressors of the laws ; al- 
leging also, that he was chiefly swayed by one of his secretaries ; and 
that he did not fight stoutly for justice, but fled, and was taken un- 
armed. Nevertheless many miracles were reported to have been after- 
wards \\Tought in the place where his corps was buried ; much con- 
fluence of people coming thereto, in honour thereof, till the king, 
through the incitation of the Spensers, set guards to restrain them. 
Whereupon they flocked to the place where he suffered death ; and so 
much the more eagerly, as endeavours had been used to restrain them, 
until a church was erected on the place where he suffered." All the 
honours of this prince became forfeited under his attainder : yet his 
brother and heir, (having himself no issue,) 

Henry Plantagenet, being a distinguished soldier in the Scottish 
wars, had livery of his lands in the 17th Edward II., and was restored 
to the dignity of Earl of Leicester. This prince was subsequently one 
of the leaders in the great confederacy which overturned the power of 
the Spencers, and deposed King Edward II. Upon the accession of 
Edward III., the earl had the honour of girding him with the sword 
of knighthood, and as soon as the new monarch was crowned, he was 
appointed, the king being a minor, his guardian. After which, in tbe 
parliament begun at "Westminster, the attainder against his brother being 
reversed, he was restored to all the lands of his father and brother, with 
the Earldoms of Lancaster and Leicester, and the same year (1st Ed- 
ward III.), he was constituted Captain- General of all the kmg's forces 
in the marches of Scotland. The earl m. Maud, daughter and heiress 
of Sir Patrick Chaworth, Knt., and had issue, 



EDMUND PLANTAGENET, EARL OF LANCASTER. XXix 

Henry, Earl of Derby, his successor. 

Maud, m. 1st, to William de Burgh, Earl of Ulster, by whom she had an only 

dau. and heiress, 

Elizabeth de Bubgh, m. to Lionel, Duke of Clarence. 
The Lady Maud espoused, 2ndly, llalph de Ufford, Justice of Ireland, temp. 

Edward III., and brother of llobert. Earl of Suffolk, by whom she had an 

only daughter, 

Maud, m. to Thomas, son of John de Vere, Earl of Oxford. 
Blanch, ni. to Thomas, Lord Wake, of Lydcll, and d. issueless, 
Eleanor, m. 1st, to John, son and heir of Henry, Earl of Buchan ; and 2ndly, 

to Bichard Fitzalan, Earl of Arundel. 
Jane, m. to John, Lord Mowbray. 
Isabel, prioress of Ambresbury. 

His lordship d. in 134-5, and was succeeded by his son, 

Henry Plantagenet, who having distinguished himself in the life- 
time of his father, in the Scottish wars, was made captain general of all 
the king's forces there, had considerable grants from the crown, and was 
created Earl of Derby, (11th Edward III.) The next year he was with 
the king in the wars of Flanders, as he was in two years afterwards in 
the great naval engagement with the French, off Sluges. In the 15th 
Edward III. we find the prince again in the wars of Scotland, being then 
the king's lieutenant for the northern parts of England, and general of 
his army against the Scots : in which capacity he was authorised to treat 
of peace. After this, as Earl of Derby, (his father still alive,) he be- 
came one of the first and most successful captains of the age, reducing 
no less than fifty-six French cities and places of note to the dominion of 
the king of England, and taking immense treasure in gold. In the year of 
those great exploits his father died, so that he was prevented assisting the 
deceased earl's funeral. He had afterwards a chief command at the siege of 
Calais, bearing then the title of Earl of Lancaster, Derby, and Leicester, 
and Steward of England ; at which time he had, of his own retinue, eight 
hundred men at arms, and two thousand archers, with thirty banners, 
which cost him, in hospitality, a daily disbursement of one hundred 
pounds. In the 22nd Edward III., after having had previously for his 
brilliant services extensive grants from the crown, he was made the khig's 
lieutenant in Flanders and France, and the next year was created, by 
letters patent, Earl of Lmcoln, soon after which he was constituted the 
king's lieutenant and captain-general in Poiclou, made a Knight of the 
Garter, and created Duke of Lancaster. To the latter high dignity he 
was raised in full parliament, and invested with power to have a chancery 
in the county of Lancaster, and to enjoy all other liberties and royalties 
appertaining to a county palatine, in as ample a manner as the Earls 

* i 



XXX THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

of Chester did, in the county palatine of Chester. About this time, too 
he was constituted admiral of the king's whole fleet westward. The 
same year, having obtained licence to go abroad to fight against the 
infidels, he was surprised in his journey, and forced to pay a large 
ransom for his liberty : which surprisal having occurred through the 
Duke of Brunswick's means, the English prince expressed his resent- 
ment in language so unmeasured, that the duke sent him a challenge, 
which being accepted, a day was appointed for the combat: but when 
it arrived, the Duke of Brunswick was so panic-struck, that he could 
not wield his shield, sword, or lance ; while the Duke of Lancaster, 
with the most undaunted firmness, in vain awaited his attack. They 
were, however, afterwards reconciled, by the interference of the French 
monarch ; and thus the English prince acquired great renown for per- 
sonal valour, while his adversary was covered with disgrace. The close 
of this heroic nobleman's martial career was quite as splendid as its 
opening, and after a most brilliant course of achievements, he d. in 1360, 
deeply lamented by all classes of his countrymen, including his gallant 
companions in arms : he lived in one of the most glorious periods of 
English history, and he w^as himself the first actor in that splendid era. 
The prince married Isabel, daughter of Henry, Lord Beaumont, and 
left two daughters, his coheirs ; viz. 

Maud, m. 1st, to Ralph, son and heir of Ralph, Lord Stafford, and 2ndly, to 

William, Duke of Zealand, and d.s.p. 
Blaxch, m. to John of Gaunt, Earl of Richmond, fourth son of King Ed- 

■\VAKD IIL' 









^^■X 



>/ ?.-V"'\' ' ^/c-^.'*-:^- /f :.'.' ^/V ".V Vi- rj*<:.i " .-y- /<"'.'■" '.V' c/'r :"/o c/C'' ;'c ^ .-V ' .-'o -''''"•''''' _V *" H> 



aBtitoarti tfte jFitjSt, Eing of OBnglanD. 



This monarch, h. in 1239, was crowned 19 Aug. 1274;. He m. 1st, in 
1254), Eleonora, only child of Ferdinand III., King of Castile, by 
Johanna, Countess of Ponthieu, his wife, and by her, who d. in 1290, 
had issue to survive, viz. : 

I. Edwakd, created Prince of Wales soon after his birth. 

II. Eleanor, in. 1st, Alphonso, King of Arragon ; and 2ndly, Henri, Comte 

de Bar, in Champagne, France. By the latter, the Princess Eleanor 
was mother of the 

Lady Eleanor, who m. Lleavelyn ap Oavek, Lord of South "Wales, 
representative of the Sovereign Princes of South Wales, and had 
a son, 

Thomas ap Leeaveeyn, Lord of South Wales, who m. Eleanor, 
dau. and heir of Philip ap Ivor, Lord of Cardigan, by the Prin- 
cess Catherine, his wife, dau. of Llewelj'n ap Griffith, Prince of 
North Wales, (see King John), and had two daus. and co- 
heiresses. 

1. Eleanok, »i. Griffith Vychan, Lord of Glyndwrdwy, in 

Merioneth, representative of the sovereign Princes of 

Powys, and had two sons. 

Owen ap Gkiffith Vychan, Lord of Glynd^vrdwy, 
the memorable Oaven Glendower, in whom vested 
the representation of the three sovereign hues of 
Powys, North Wales and South Wales. 
Tudor ap Grifeiih Vychan, Lord of Gwyddclwern, 
in Merioneth ; upwards of 20 years old 3 Sept., 10 
Richard II., 138G, when, under the designation of 
" Tudor de Glcndore," he appeared as a witness in 
the Scrope and Grosvenor Controversy. From Tudor 
ap Griffith descend, by maternal representation, the 

HtTGHES's OF GWERCLAS. 

2. Margaret, m. Meredith ap Tudor, and was mother of Sir 

Oaven Tudor, grandfather of King Henry VII. 

III. Margaret, m. to John, Duke of Brabant. 

IV. Joan of Acres, w. 1st, to Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Gloucester; and 
after his decease, to Ralph de Monthermer. 



XXXU THE EOYAL FAMILIES. 

V. Mary, a nun. 

VI. Elizabeth, m. 1st, to John, Earl of Holland, Zealand, and Lord of Friez- 
land ; and 2ndly, to Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Essex. 
By the latter, the princess had issue, 

John, Earl of Hereford, Lord High Constable, K.B. ; d.s.p. in 1335. 
HuMPHKEY, Earl of Hereford, Lord High Constable, K.G. ; d. unm. 

in 1361. 
William, Earl of Northampton, who had a son, Humphrey de 
BoHUN, Earl of Hereford and Northampton, (father of two daus., 
Alianore, wife of Thomas, Duke of Gloucester, and Mary, m. to 
King Henry IV.), and a dau., Elizabeth, who m. Richard Fitz- 
alan. Earl of Arundel, and was mother of Thomas, Earl of Arundel, 
who d.s.p., and three daus., Elizabeth, m. 1st, to William de Mon- 
tacute ; 2ndly, to Thomas, Lord Mowbray ; 3rdly, to Sir Gerard 
Afflete ; and 4thly, to Sir Robert Gousell, Knt. ; Margaret, m. to 
Sir Rowland Lenthall ; and Alice, m. to John Charlton, Lord Powis. 
Alianore, m. to James Butler, Earl of Ormonde. 
Margaret, m. to Hugh Courtenay, Earl of Devon. 

After the death of the illustrious Eleanor of Castile, Edward I. m. 

for his second wife, 8 Sept. 1299, Margaret, dau. of Philip the Hardy, 

King of France, son of St. Louis, and by her had issue, 

Thomas, of Brothcrton, Earl of Norfolk, (to whom refer.) 
Edmund, of Woodstock, Earl of Kent, (to whom refer.) 







' '"y/r ■";*' ,\''r ^ijV nj'( oj'( 






,fe^T^^-r-r 



^tTnVtTVWnttVT, 



Cf)oma.5 piantagenet, €at\ of n^orfolfe, anD Ws 

Descennants. 



Thomas Plantagenet, sumamed of Brotlierton, Earl of Norfolk, 
eldest son of Edwaed I., by his second queen, Margaret, dau. of Philip 
III. or the Hardy, of France, was b. at Brotherton, in Yorkshire, anno 
1301, whence the surname, " de Brotherton," and before he had attained 
his thirteenth year, was advanced, by special charter of his half brother, 
King Edward II., (at the d)dng request of his predecessor,) dated 16 
December, 1312, to all the honours which Roger le Bigod, some time 
Earl of Norfolk, and Marshal of England, did enjoy by the name of Earl, 
in the county of Norfolk, with all the castles, manors and lands, which 
the said Roger possessed in England, Ireland, and Wales, which had be- 
come vested m the crown, by the surrender of the said Roger. But in 
some years afterwards, the king seized upon the marshalship in the Court 
of King's Bench, because the Earl of Norfolk had failed to substitute 
some person on his behalf to attend the justices of that court, upon then* 
journey into Lancashire ; he had, however, restitution of the high office, 
upon paying a fine of ,^100. This prince was repeatedly in the wars of 
Scotland, temp. Edward II. and Edward III., in the latter of which 
reigns he had a confirmation of the Earldom of Norfolk, and the office 
of earl marshal. He espoused first, Alice, daughter of Sir Roger Halys, 
Knt., of Harwich, by whom he had issue, 

Maegabet, of whom hereafter. 

Alice, VI. to Edward de Montacute, and had a daughter, 

Joan, who m. William UfFord, Earl of Suffolk, and d. without male issue. 

The prmce espoused, 2ndly, Mary, daughter of William, Lord Roos, 

and vs-idow of William le Brus, and had a son, 

John, who became a monk at the Abbey of Ely. 



XXXIV THE ROYAL FAMILIES. 

Thomas de Brotherton, d. in 1338, when the Earldom of Norfolk became 
extinct. But his elder daughter and coheir, who eventually became 
sole heiress, 

The Lady Margaret Plantagenet, was created Duchess of Nor- 
folk for life, by King Richard II., on the 29th September, 1397. Her 
grace, at the time styled Countess of Norfolk, claimed the office of earl 
marshal, at the coronation of that monarch, and prayed that she might 
execute the same by her deputy ; but her claim was not allowed, o\\ing 
to the want of sufficient time to investigate its merits, and the prior ap- 
pointment for the occasion, of Henry, Lord Percy. This illustrious lady 
espoused, first, John, Lord Segrave, and had issue, 

Anne, Abbess of Barking. 

Elizabeth, vi. John, Lord Mowbray, ancestor of the Howards, Dukes of 

Norfolk. 

The duchess m. Sndly, Sir William Manny, K.G. and had only surviving 
daughter. 

Anne, m. to John Hastings, Earl of Pembroke. 










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€nmimti ipiantagenct, (2Earl of !^ent> ann bts 

De.scenriant.0* 



Edmund Plantagenet, surnamed of Woodstock, Earl of Kent, 
second son of Edward I., by his second queen, was summoned to par- 
liament, as " Edmundo de Wodestok," on the 5th August, 1320, about 
two years before he attained majority. He had previously been in the 
wars of Scotland, and had obtained considerable territorial grants from 
the crown. In the next year he was created Earl of Kent, and had a 
grant of the castle of Okham, in the county of Rutland, and shrievalty 
of the county. About the same time he was constituted governor of the 
castle of Tunbridge, in Kent ; and upon the breaking out of the insur- 
rection, under Thomas Plantagenet, Earl of Lancaster, he was com- 
missioned by the king, to pursue that rebellious prince, and to lay siege 
to the castle of Pontefract. The :Earl of Lancaster was subsequently 
made prisoner at Boroughbridge, and the Earl of Kent was one of those 
who condemned him to death. From this period, during the remainder 
of the reign of his brother, Edmund of Woodstock was constantly em- 
ployed in the cabinet or the field. He was frequently accredited on em- 
bassies to the Court of France, and was in all the wars in Gascony and 
Scotland. But after the accession of his nephew, King Edward HL, he 
was arrested and sentenced to death, for having conspired, with other 
nobles, to deliver his brother, the deposed Edward H,, out of prison. 
Whereupon, by the management of Queen Isabel, and her paramour, 
Mortimer, he was beheaded at Winchester, (1380,) after he had remained 
upon the scaffold, from noon until five o'clock in the evening, waiting for 
an executioner ; no one being willing to undertake the horrid office, till 
a malefactor from the Marshalsea was procured to j)erform it. The earl 



XXXvi THE ROYAL FxVMILIES. 

m. Margaret, daughter of John, Lord Wake, and sister and heiress of 
Thomas, Lord Wake, by whom he had issue, 

-, ' " ' [■successively Earls of Kent. 
JoHX, J •' 

Margaret, m. to Amaneus, eldest son of Bernard, Lord de la Brette, and d.s.p. 

JoANE, from her extraordinary beauty, styled " the Fair Maid of Kent," m. 
1st, William Montacute, Earl of Salisbury, from whom she was divorced ; 
2ndly, Sir Thomas Holland, K.G., and 3rdly, the renowned hero, Edavard 
the Black Prince, by whom she was mother of King Richard II. 

The unfortunate earl's eldest son, 

Edmund Plantagenet, was restored to blood and honours by par- 
liament, the year in which his father suifered, and thus became Baron 
Woodstock, and Earl of Kent — but d. soon after in minority, unmarried, 
and was succeeded by his brother, 

John Plantagenet, third Earl of Kent, whom. Elizabeth, daughter 

of the Duke of Juliers, but d. s.p. in 1352, when the Earldom of Kent, 

and Baronies of Woodstock and Wake, devolved upon his only surviving 

sister, 

Joane, the Fair Maid of Kent, who W2. Sir Thomas Holland, Lord Holland, 
K.G. 






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m^?Tl • .•';- 


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3^opaI 3Bestent!5. 



Lorti jFatnfjam* 



PEDIGREE I. 



aifrelr (tiftc ®txat), Uin of ^nglanU, 06.901. yEthelbith, or Elswith 



r / 
Ethelswida.-pBaudouin II. (le Chauve), Comte de Flandre, 

Boulogne and St. Pol, 06. 918. 



Arnoul I. Comte de Flandre, ob. 965.=t=Alix,dau. of Herbert II. Comte deVerniandois. 



Baudouin III. (le Jeune), Comte de Flandre,=T=Maud, dau. of Conrad I. le Pacifique, Roi de 



ob. (vi. patr.) 961. 



r 



Bourgogne Tansjurane. 



Anioul II. Comte de Flandre, ob. 988.=pRosalie, dau. of Berengere II. Marquis d'lvree 

and Roi d'ltalie. 



Baudouin IV. (!e Barbu), Comte de Flandre.^Ogive, dau. of Frederic I. (de Baviere), Comte 

de Luxembourg. 



ob. 1036. 

Baudouin V. (de Lille), Comte de Flandre,=j:Adele, or Alix, dau. of Robert II. Roi de 
ob. 1067. I France, (widow of Richard III. Due de 

Jormandie). 



,=y:Adeu 
Frf 

No 



Baudouin (de Mons),= 
IV. Comte de Flandre ; 
I. d'Hainaut, ob. 1070. 



:Richilde,dau. and heir Maud, ob. 1083.. .=t="William I. (Conqueror) 
of Rainier VI. Comte King of England, ob. 

d'Hainaut. 1087. 



Baudouin (de Jerusa-=T=Ide, dau. of Henry II. Henry I. King of=T=Matilda, dau. of Mal- 



lem) II. Comte d'Hai- 
naut, ob. 1098. 



Comte de Louvain. England, ob. 1135. 



colm III. King of Scot- 
land, ob. 1118. 



Baudouin III. Comte=f:Yolande de Gueldres, Maud, (w'idow of^Geoffrey V. (Plantage- 

^ net) Comte d'Anjoii, 

ob. 1150. 



d'Hainaut, o6. 1133. 



dau. of Gerald, Comte 
de Wassenburg. 



Henry V. Emperor 
of Germany,) ob. 
1167. 



Baudouin IV. (le Bai-=f=Ermesinde, or Alix, Hknry Il.(Planta-^Eleanor, dau. and heir 



tiseur) Comte d'Hai- 
naut, ob. 1171. 



dau. of Godfrey, 
Comte de Namur. 



genet), King of 
England,o6. 1189. 



of William, Due de 
Guienne & Aquitaine, 
ob. 1162. 



Baudouin V.^ 
(Courageux) 
Comte d'Hai- 
naut,o6.I195. 



=Mary, or Margaret, John,= 
d'Alsace, dau. of King 
Thierri, Comte de of 
Flandre, (widow of Eng- 
Raoul IV. Comte land, 
de Vermandois.) ofe.1216. 



^Isabel, dau. 
of Aymer, 
Comte d'An- 
gouleme, ob. 
1246. 



Lady Eleanor= 
Plantagenet. 



BaudouinVl.= 
Comte d'Hai- 
nault; IX. dc 
Flandre, Em- 
peror of C P., 
slain at Adri- 
anople, 1206. 



^Mary, dau. of 
Henry I. Comte 
de Champagne. 



HenryIII.^ 

King of 
England, 
ob. 1272. 



Margaret, /^ej>= 

Comtesse 
d'Hainaut & 
de Flandre, 
ob. 1279. 



a 



^Bouchard d'A- 
vcnes,o6. 1243, 



I 

Edwakd I.= 
King of 
England, 
ob. 1307. 



^Eleanor, dau. 
and coheir of 
Raymond 
Berenger (le 
Troubadour) 
Comte de 
Provence, ob. 1291. 



Gui d(> Mont- 
fort, Conte di 
Nola,o6.1288. 



:Eleanor,dau. 
of Ferdinand 
III. King of 
Castille and 
Leon, Comtesse 
de Pouthieu, 
ob. 1290. 



Anastatia de= 
Montfort, 
Contessa di 
Nola, m. 
June 8, 
1293. 



r 
c 



=Simon Montfort, 
Earl of Mont- 
ford and Leices- 
ter, slain at 
Evesham, 1265. 



^MargaretRodol- 
phi, dau. of Pe- 
ter, Conte di 
Languillara. 



-Raymond (jure 
ux.) Conte di 
Nola, (irand 
Justiciary of 
Naples. 



PEDIGREE I. 



lorn jFarnftam, 



a 



Jean d'A- =f=Aleide, dau 



venes, Comte 
d'Ostrovand. 



and heir of 
Florent IV. 
Comte d'Hol- 
lande. 



I 
Edward II. 
King of 
England, 
murdered 
1326. 



Jean d'A- =j:Phillippine,daa 



venes, Comte 
d'Hollande,o6, 
1304. 



r 



of Henry I.. 
Comte de Lux- 
embourg. 



Guillaume I., =p Jeanne, dau. of 



Comte d'Hol- 
lande. 



Chas. de France, 
Comte de Valois. 



I 
=Eleanor, dau. Robert Conte-j-Sueva de Baux, 
of Philip IV. di Nola, Pa- (or di Balzo), 
(le Bel), King latine of Na- Contessa di So- 
of France, ob. pies, 1319. leto, (sister and 
1357. heir of Raymond 

Conte di Soleto, 
Marshal Grand 
Chamberlain of 
Naples,) ob. 
1375. 



Nicolas, Conte=T=Jeanne de Sa 



di Nola and 
Soleto. 



Philippa, ob. ] 369 =t=Edward 

IlI.King 
of Eng- 
land, ob. 
1377. 



bran, dau. of 
William, Conte 
d'Ariano. 



Sueva Ursini. 



=FFrancisII. 
d'Andrie. 



John Plan-=f=Lady Blanche 



tagenet, 

of Gaunt, 
K.G., 

Duke of 
Lancaster, 

3rd son of 
Edw. III., 

ob. 1399. 



Plantagenet, 
dau. and heir 
of Henry, 
Duke of Lan- 
caster. 



Lionel, of= 
Antwerp, 
Duke of 
Clarence, 
2nd son 
of King 
Edw. in. 



:Lady Eli- 
zabeth de 
Burgh, 
dau. and 
heir of 
William 
Earl of 
Ulster. 



Edmund, 
of Lang- 
ley,Duke 
of York, 
4th son, 
»«. Isabel, 
dau. and 
coheir of 
Peter, 
King of 
Castile. 



Due 



Margaret de -pPeter, of Lux- 



Baux (or di 
Balzo), sister of 
William, Due 
d'Andrie. 



Lady Philippa 
genet. 



Planta-=FEdmund Mor- 
timer, Earl of 
March. 



Roger, Earl of March,: 
d. 1398. 



=Eleanora, dau. of 
Thomas, Earl of 
Kent. 



r 



embourg, Comte 
de St. Pol, Bri- 
enne, and Con- 
versana,o6.1433. 



Jacqueline de-r-Richard Wid 



Lady Anne Mortimer,=T=Richard Plantagenet, 



dau. and heir. 



Earl of Cambridge. 



Luxembourg, 
(widow of John 
Plantagenet, 
Duke of Bed- 
ford.) 



Richard,Dukeof York,=T=Cicely, dau. of Ralph 
Protector. Neville, Earl of West- 

moreland. 



LadyElizabethPlan- 
tagenet. 



Lady Constance Ho-^^ 
land(widow of Thos. 
son of Thos., Duke 
of Norfolk.) 



Edmund, 4th Lord= 
Grey, of Ruthyn, 
Duke of Kent. 



a 



=John Holand, Earl 
of Huntingdon and 
Duke of Exeter, be- 
headed, 1 Hen. IV. 

:Sir John Grey, of 
Ruthyn, K.G. 



:LadyCatherine Per- 
cy, dau. of Henry, 
Earl of Northum- 
berland. 



r 



vile, Earl of 
Rivers. 



2. Edward IV.=pLadyEliza-=T=l. Sir John Grey, 



King of Eng- 
land, o6. 1483. 



bethWid- 
vile. 



2nd Baron Grey, 
of Grosby, slain 
St. Albans, 1461. 



PrincessEli-=pHenry VII. Thomas Grey,=f:Cecilie,dau. 



zabeth Plan- 
tagenet, of 
York, ob. 
1503. 



King of En- 
gland, ob. 
1509. 



K.G., 1st Mar- 
quis of Dorset, 
ob. 1501. 



of William, 
Lord Bon- 
vile,of Har- 
ington. 



lorn jFarnfiam, 



PEDIGREE I- 



a 

I 



LadyElizabethGrey.=FStr Robt.Greystock, PrincessMaryT=Cha9. Bran- Thomas Grey,=^Margaret, 



06. (vi. patr.) 1 Ri- Plantagenet, 
chard III. (widow of 

Louis XII., 



Elizabeth de Grey-=y=Thomas, 2nd Lord King of 



stock, sole heir. 



r 



Dacre, ofGillesland, France,) ob. 
ob. 1526. 1533. 



William, 3rd Lord=FLady Elizabeth Tal 



Dacre, of Gillesland, 
ob. 1563. 



don, K.G., K.G.,2dMar- 
DukeofSuf. quia of Dorset, 
folk, ob. ob. 1530. 
1545. 



bot, dau. of George, | 

4th Earl of Shrews- Lady Francis Brandon, ob: 

bury, K.G. 1563. 



dau. of Sir 
Robt. Wot- 
ton, Knt. of 
Bracton, 
Kent. 



=Henry Grey, K.G., Duke 
of Suffolk, beheaded 1554. 



Anne Dacre.=f=Henry Clifford, 2nd | 

1 of Cumberland, Lady Catherine Grey (sis-=^Edward SejTnour, Earl of 



r 



Earlo 
J K.B., 



ob. 1569. 



Francis Clifford, 4thT=Grissel, dau. of Mr 



ter of the celebrated Lady 
Jane Grey), ob. 1567. 



Earl of Cumberland, 
06. 1641. 



Hertford (son of Edward, 
Duke of Somerset, K.G., 
Lord Protector), ob. 1621. 



Henry Clifford, 5th=T=Lady Francis Cecil, 



Thomas Hughes, of 

Uxbridge (widow of | ■ 

Edward Lord Ber- Edward Seymour, Lord =pHonora, dau. of Sir Richard 

Rogers, of Bryanston, co. 

Dorset. 



gavenny.) 



Beauchamp, ob, (v. p.) 
1619. 



Earl of Cumberland, 
ob. 1643. 



dau. of Robert, 1st 
Earl of Salisbury. 



William Seymour, K.G.,=pLady Frances Devereux, 



Lady Elizabeth Clif-=f:Richard Boyle, 2nd 



ford, sole heir. 



Duke of Somerset, ob. 
1660. 



Earl of Cork and 1st 
Earl of Burlington, 
ob. 1697. 



dau. of Queen Elizabeth's 
unfortunate favourite, Ro- 
bert Earl of Essex, and 
sister and coheiress of the 
Parliamentary General. 



Charles, Lord Clifford, ob. (vi. patr.) 1694.=j=Lady Jane Seymour, dau. of Wm., Duke of 

Somerset, K.G. 



Charles, 3rd Earl of Cork and 2nd Earl=T=Juliana, dau. and heir of the Hon. Henry 
of Burlington, ob. 1703. [ Noel, 2nd son of Baptist, Viscount Campden. 



Lady Henrietta Boyle, ob. 1746.= 



:Henry Boyle, 1st Earl of Shannon, lineally 
descended from Robert Brl-ce, King of Scot- 
land, ob. 1764. 



Lady Juliana Boyle, ob. 1804.=pSomerset Hamilton Butler, 1st Earl of Car- 

1774. 



Jaomersei 
rick, ob. 



I 

Henry Thomas, 2nd Earl of Carrick, o6.=T=Sarah, dau. and coheir of Edw. Taylor, Esq, 
1813. of Askeaton, ob. 1840. 

Lady Anne Butler, eldest dau., o&. 1831.=f=Henry Maxwell, 6th Lord Farnham, ob. 1838. 



r 



:J 



l^fttrg /Haitoell, K.P., 7th Lord Farn-=Hon. Anna Frances Hester Stapleton, dau. of 
ham. Thos., 22nd Lord Le Despencer. 



PEDIGREE II. 



Cftades Cbomas matne, €sq. 



(IHrtDarti I. King of England. ==Margaret, dau. of Philip III. of France. 



Thomas de Brotherton, Earl of Norfolk,=j=Alice, dau. of Sir Roger Halys. 
Earl Marshal. 



J 



Lady Margaret Plantagenet, Duchess of=FJohn, Lord Segrave. 

Norfolk. I 
I 



Elizabeth, dau. and heiress. 



=John, Lord Mowbray. 



Thomas de Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk.=f:Lady Elizabeth Fitzalan, sister and coheir of 

Thomas, Earl of Arundel. 



Margaret de Mowbray, dau. and coheir.-pSir Robert Howard 



Sir John Howard, Duke of Norfolk.=j=Catherine, dau. of William Lord Molines. 



Thomas, Duke of Xorfolk.=f^Elizabeth Tilney, an heiress. 



Elizabeth, dau. of Thomas Howard, Duke^f^Sir Thomas Boleyne, created Earl of Wiltshire, 
of Norfolk. 



Lady Anna Boleyne, Queen George, Viscount William Gary, Esq.=FLady Mary Boleyne. 
Consort of Hbnrv Vin. Rochfort. 

J 



Elizabeth, Queen 
of England. 



Katherine, dau. of-pSir Francis KnoUys, Esq. 
William Gary, Esq. 



I I 1 

1. Sir Henry KnoUys, M.P., 2. Sir William Knollys. created 3. Other sons and 

»M. Margaret, dau. and heir Viscount Wallingford, and daughters, 

of Sir Ambrose Cave. Earl of Banbury. 

T 



Elizabeth, elder dau. and coheir of Sir Hen.^Sir Henry Willoiighby, Bart, of Risley, co 
Knollys, by Margaret Cave, his wife. Derby, d. in 1649. 



Anne Willoughby, only child.=pSir Thomas Aston, Bart, of Aston. 



Sir Willoughby Aston, Bart.=i=Mary, dau. of John Offley, Esq. 



Purefoy Willoughby, 7th dau.^Henry Wright, Esq. of Mobberley. 



Eleanor Wright, elder dau.=T=George Lloyd, Esq. of Hulme Hall. 



John Lloyd, Esq. of Snitter-=f:Anne, dau. and heir of James Hibbins, M.D. 
field. 



Charlotte Lloyd, 2nd dau.= 



:The Rev. Thomas Warde. 



GTbarlfS JTtomaS ?2^^larttf. Esq. of Clopton House, co.Warwick. 
and Luton Hoo, co. Bedford. 



JF. P» Delme iRandiffe, (B^q. iedigreexxxvu. 



a 
I 



Lord William Howard, of Naworth, co 
Cumberland, 3rd son, d. 1640. I Lord Dacre. 



Elizabeth, sister and coheir of George 






Sir Philip Howard, of Naworth Castle,=pMary, dau. of Sir John Carryl, knt., of 
knighted 1G04, d.v.p. 



,=pMary, dau 
I Hastings. 



Sir William Howard, Knt., eldest sou=T=Mary, dau. of William, Lord Eure. 
Charles Howard, created Earl of Carlisle,q= Anne, dau. of Edward Howard, Esq., of 



Viscount Howard, and Baron Dacre, d. 
1684. 

Edward Howard, 2nd Earl of Carlisle,^ 
&c., d. 1692. 



Escrick. 



^Elizabeth, dau. and coheir of Sir Wm. 
Uvedale, knt., of Wickham, Hants, and 
relict of Sir Wm. Berkeley, knt. 



Charles Howard, 3rd Earl of CarIisle,=f^Anne, dau. of Arthur Capel, Earl of 
Deputy Marshal of England, d. 1738. j Essex. 

Henry Howard, 4th Earl of Carlisle,=f=Isabella, dau. of William, 4th Lord 
K.G., d. 1758. Byron, 2nd wife. 

Lady Elizabeth Howard, dau. of Henry ,=pPeter Delme, Esq., of Tichfield Place, 
4th Earl of Carlisle, ?«. 16 Feb. 1769 ; ^ ' 

»». 2ndly, Capt. Charles Garnier, R.N. 



Hants, M.P. for Morpeth. 



Emilius Henry Delme, Esq. assumed by=pAnne Millicent, sister and heir of Charles 



Royal license on his marriage 27 July, 
1802, the surname and arms of Rad- 
CLiFFE, 2ad son, d. 26 Feb. 1832. 



John Clarke, Esq., of Hitchin Priory, 
and dau. of Charles Clarke, Esq., of Ad- 
discombe, by Anne, his wife, dau. and 
eventual coheir of John Radclilfe, Esq. 
of Hitchin Priory. 



JfttStrick ^titV JBtltaz 1SatfcItffc.=pEmma, dau. of John Horsey Wadding 



Esq., of Hitchin Priory, co. Herts. J. P. 
and D.L. 



ton, Esq. of Shawford House, near Win- 
chester. 



I 1 1 1 1 r I I 

Frederick Peter, Seymour Walter, John Julius, Ralph Charles, Hubert, Millicent. 
eldest son, 6. b. 1833. b. 6 Jan. d. 12 June, b. 1839. Evelyn-Charlotte. 

1832. 1835. 1842. Alice. 



PEDIGREE XXXVIII. 



CJ)anno0, Lorn Leigf) 



J^Eltrj) Vih King of England,:f=The Princess Elizabeth, eldest dau. 



d. 21 April, 1509. 



of Edward IV. King of England. 



Louis XII.=irThe Princess Mary, 2nd dau. of=pCliarles Brandon, Duke of Suffolk, 



King of 
France- 



King Henry VII., and sister, 
and, in her issue, coheir of Hbn. 
VIII. 



s. p. 



K.G., 2nd husband. 



The Lady Frances Brandon, dau.=i=Henry Grey, Marquess of Dorset, 
and coheir. afterwards Duke of Suffolk. 

, 1 



Lady Jane Lady Katherine Grey, dau. and=i=Edward SejTnour, Earl of Hertford, 
Grey, be- coheir. I d. in 1621. 

headed in 

1553. , 



i=EdW! 

d. ir 



Edward, Lord Beauchamp, eldest=FHonora, dau. of Sir Richard Rogers, 
son, d.v.p. Knt., of Bryanston. 

William, Marquess of Hertford and=FLady Frances Devereux, dau. of the 
Duke of Somerset, c?. 1660. illfated Earl of Essex. 

Henry, Lord Beauchamp, elder son=f Mary, eldest dau. of Arthur, Lord 
and heir, c/.n.p. 1656. j Capel, of Hadham. 
, i 

Elizabeth, dau. and heir of Henry,=i=Thomas Bruce, Earl of Elgin and 
Lord Beauchamp. Ailesbury. 

I ' 

Charles, Earl of Elgin and Ailesbury .=T=Lady Anne Savile, dau. and coheir 



of William, Marquess of Halifax. 



Lady Mary Bruce, daughter and=T=Henry Brj'dges, Duke of Chandos. 
heiress. j 



Lady Caroline Brydges, eldest dau.=T=James Leigh, Esq. of Adlestrop, and 
m. 10 March, 1755. Longborough, co. Gloucester. 

I ' 

James Henry Leigh, Esq. of Adles-=^Julia Judith, eldest dau. of Thomas, 
trop and Longborough, co. Glou- I Lord Saye and Sele, d. 8 Feb. 1843. 
cester, and of Sloneleigh, co. War- 
wick, d. 27 Oct. ] 823. I 

_^ . I 

P— 

CftantlOS ILorlr ILctgf),of Stoneleigh,^Margarette, dau. of the Rev. William 



CO. Warwick, so created in May, 
1839, ]2th in direct descent from 
Henry VII. King of England, and 
his consort, Elizabeth, dau. of King 
Edward IV. 



Shippen Willes, of Astrop House, 
CO. Northampton, m, 8 June, 1819. 



T-TTT 



1 ! I 1 1 I r 1 I 1 

William- Edward-Chandos, James-Went- Julia Anne Eliza, Emma Margarette. Louisa- 



Henr}', b. 22 Dec. 1832. worth, b. 21 
b. 17 Jan. Jan. 1838. 

J821. 



m. to C. B. Ad- 
derlev, Esq. 
M.P.,'of Hams 
Hall, CO. War- 
wick. 



Caroline 
Augusta 
Mary. 



> twins. 



Geor- 

gina. 
Sophia. 



Cl)0 OBarl of (^glmton anD Sainton, 



PEDIGREE XXXIX. 



iEtrtDart I. King of =Y:Margaret, dau. of Philip lSotctH3ruce.=iFlsabel, dau 



England. | IV. of France 

I -> 

Edmund Plantagenet,=^Margaret, sister and heir 
surnamed of Wood- 
stock, Earl of Kent, 
younger son. 



King of Scot- 
land. 



r" 



of Donald, 
EarlofMarr. 



r 



of Thomas, Lord Wake. The Princess =pWalter, Lord 



Margery. 



Edward the=|=Joan Plantagcnet,=T=Sir Thomas de Holand, 



Black 

Prince, last 

husband. 



tlie Fair Maid of 
Kent. 



K.G., Earl of Kent, d. 
1360. 



High Stew- 
ard of Scot- 
land. 



RoBEiiT II. King=f=Elizabeth, 



of Scotland. 



Richard II. 
King of Eng- 
land, d.s.p.. 



Thomas Holand, =pLady Alice Fitzalan, 



2nd Earl of Kent. 



dau. of Sir 
Adam Mure. 



dau. of Richard, Earl 

of Arundel. RoBERTlII.King=pAnnabella, 



of Scotland. 



Lady Margaret Holand,^John Beaufort, Earl of 



2nd dau. and coheir of 
Thomas, Earl of Kent. 



Somerset, Marquess of 
Dorset. 



dau. of Sir 
John Drum- 
mond. 



Lady Jane Beaufort, elder dau. of=pjAMES I., King of Scotland, 
the Marquess of Dorset. 



r~ 



T 



The Princess Joanna, dau. of=pJames Douglas, 1st Eaii of Morton. 
James I. 



r' 



T 



James Douglas, 2nd Earl of Morton, son and heir. 
J 



Lady Agnes Douglas, dau. of John,=T=Alexander, 5th Lord Livingstone. 



2nd Earl of Morton. 



T 



William, 6th Lord Livingstone, liv-^Agnes, dau. of Malcolm, Lord Flem- 
ing 1558. ing. 

1 ' 

Alexander, Lord Livingston, created Earl of Linlithgow. 

, J 

Lady Anne Livingstone, eldest dau.=rAlexander (Seton) Montgomerie,6th 
of the 1st Earl of Linlithgow. j Earl of Eglinton, d. in 1661. 

The Hon. James Montgomerie, ofyThe only dau. of .^neas, Lord Mac- 
Coylsfield, 4th son, rf. 1675. j donnel. 

Hugh Montgomerie, Esq., 2nd son.=T=KatherineArbuckle, relict of Hamil- 



ton, of Letham. 



Alexander Montgomerie, Esq., son=j=Lillia8, dau. of Sir Robert Mont- 
and heir. I gomerie, Bart., of Skelmorley. 



T 



Hugh, 12th Earl of Eglinton, K.T.,=pEleanora, dau. of John Hamilton, 
d. in Dec. 1819. | Esq. of Bowertreehill, co. Ayr. 



Archibald, Lord Montgomerie, son=FMary, elder dau. and eventual heir 
and heir apparent, Major in the j of Archibald, 11th Earl of Eglinton. 
army, d. 4 Jan. 1814. | 



2itrf)i6aHJ J^amilton fHontgomerie, present Earl of Eglinton and 
WiNTON, 17tli in direct descent from Edward I. King of England 



Ii2 



PEDIGREE XL. 



3lo!)n William Jourell, OB^q. 



CFillDarD $. King of England. =T=Eleanor, dau. of Ferdinand III. King of Castile. 

I 1 

Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Gloucester .=j=Joan, of Acre, dau. of Edw. I. King of England. 
Margaret de Clare, dau. and eventual coheir .=pHugh de Audley, Earl of Gloucester, d. 1337. 



Margaret de Audley, dau. and heir.=jFRalpli, Lord Stafford, and Earl of Gloucester. 

Hugh de Stafford, 2ad Earl of Staf-=T=Lady Philippa Beaucliamp, dau. of 
ford, K.G., d. 1386. Thomas, Earl of Warwick. 



r 



Lady Katherine Stafford, 2nd dau.=T=Michael dela Pole, Earl of Suffolk, d. in 1415. 

I ' 

Agnes, dau, of Michael de la Pole,^Sir John Bussy, Knt. of Lincolnshire. 
Earl of Suffolk. 



T 



I 

Sir William Bussey, Knt.=f=lsabel, dau. of Sir John Paynel, Knt. 



Sir John Bussey, Knt.=y:Mabel, dau. and heir of Sir Philip 

Nevil, Knt., Lord of Grimsthorpe, 
CO. Lincoln. 



Sir John Bussey, Knt.=T=Margaret, dau. of Sir John Cumberworth, Knt. 

Edmund Bussey, Esq. of Hather, co. Lincoln.=p 

I ' 

Margaret, dau. of Edmund Bussey,:j:Richard Molyneux, Esq. of Haw- 
Esq. of Hather. ton, descended from Wm. de Mo- 

lines, one of the Norman knights 
whose name appears on the Roll of 
Battle Abbey. 

Francis Molyneux, Esq. of Hawton,=FElizabeth, dau. and coheir of Thos. 
Sheriff of Notts, 24 Elizabeth. I Greenhalgh, Esq. of Teversal. 

Thos. Molyneux, Esq. of Teversal.=pAlice, dau. and coheir of Thomas 

I Cranmer, Esq. of Aslacton. 

Sir John Molyneux, Bart, of Tever-=T=Isabel, dau. of John Markhara, Esq. 
sal, so created in 1611. of Sedgebrook, co. Lincoln. 

Sir Francis Molyneux, Bart. d. 1674.=f:Theodosia, dau. of Sir Edw. Heron, 

I K.B., of Cressy Hall, co. Lincoln. 

r ' 

Sir John Molyneux, Bart, of Tever-=T=Lucy, dau. of Alexander Rigby, Esq. 
sal, d. 1691. j of Middleton, co Lancaster. 

I ' 

Elizabeth Molyneux.=T=Edmund Jodrell, Esq. ofYeardsley 



Francis Jodrell, Esq. of Yeardsley= 
and Twemlow, High Sheriff of 
Cheshire, in 1715. 



and Twemlow, co. Chester. 



:Hannah, only dau. and heir of John 
Ashton, Esq. 



Francis Jodrell, Esq. t?.i'.j9.=FJane, dau. and coheir of Thomas 

I Butterworth, Esq. 



Frances Jodrell, eldest dau. and co-=pJohn Bower, Esq. of Manchester,who 
heir. i took the name and arms of Jodrell. 

Francis Jodrell, Esq. of Yeards-=T=Maria, dau. of Sir William Lemon, 



ley and Henbury, High Sheriff of 
Cheshire, in 1813. 



1 — 



Bart., of Carclew, by Jane, dau. of 
James Buller, Esq. of Morval. 



Ijiobn asailliam jpotrrcll, Esq. of Yeardsley, present representative of the 
family, and 22nd in direct descent from Edward I. King of England, 



George ©art)in> dBgq. 



PEDIGREE XLl. 



lEUtoarU I. King of England.=j=Margaret, dau. of Philip III., of 

I France. 

( ^ 

Thomas de Brotherton, Earlof Nor-=pAlice. dau. of Sir Roger Halys. 



folk, Earl Marshal. 



r 

Lady Margaret Plantagenet,Duchesa=p John Lord Segrave. 
of Norfolk. I 



Elizabeth, dau. and heiress^John, Lord Mowbray. 

P 1 

Thomas de Mowbray, Duke of Nor-=f=Lady Elizabeth Fitzalan, sister and 
folk, K.G. ( coheir of Thomas, Earl of Arundel. 

r ' 

Margaret de Mowbray, dau. and=pSir Robert Howard, 
coheir. 

I ' 

Sir John Howard, Duke of Nor-^Catherine, dau. of William Lord 



folk, K.G., slain at Bosworth. 



Molines. 



Lady Margaret Howard, dau. of=f=Sir John Wyndham, of Felbrigg, in 
John, Duke of Norfolk. j Norfolk. 

, J 

Sir Thomas Wyndham, of Felbrigg.=pEleanor, dau. and coheir of Sir Rich- 

I ard Scrope, of Upsal, co. York. 

I ' 

Sir John Wyndham, of Melton Con-=pElizabeth. dau. and coheir of John 



stable, CO. Norfolk, d. 16 Queen 
Elizabeth. 



Sydenham, Esq. of Orchard, co. 

Somerset. 



Edmond Wyndham, Esq. of Kents-=T=Mary, dau. and coheir of Richard 



ford, CO. Somerset, 2nd son. 



Chamberlain, Esq. of London. 



I 

Sir Thomas Wyndham, of Kents-=pEllzabeth, dau. of Rich. Coningsby, 



ford, eldest son and heir. 



Esq. of Hampton Court, co. Here- 
ford. 



I 

Col. Sir Francis Wyndham, Bart. of=^Anne, dau. and coheir of Thomas 



Trent, co. Somerset, d. 1676. Gerard, Esq. 



Elizabeth Wyndham, dau. of Sir=j=William Harbin, Esq. of Newton, 
Francis, of Trent. co. Somerset, d.in 1705. 

1 ' 

Wyndham Harbin, Esq. of Newton,=j=Abigail, dau. and heir of Richard 
son and successor. j Swayne, Esq. of Gunville,co. Dorset. 

1 ' 

Swayne Harbin, Esq. of Newton, ^Barbara, dau. and heir of George 

b. in 1718, m. in 1760, and d. 1781. Abington, Esq. of Over Compton. 

1 ' 

William Harbin, Esq. 2nd son, 6.=pRhoda, 3rd dau. of Edward Phelips, 
in 1762, d. in 1823. Esq. of Montacule, M.P. 



I 

©corgc ajarbin, Esq. of Newton House, 
CO. Somerset, 17lh in direct descent 
from Edwaru I. Ring of England. 



PEDIGREE xLii. Cftomasi Daipics JLlopD, (ZEsq* 



(IRrtoarll I., King of England.=T=Margaret,dau. of Philip III., of France. 



Thomas Plantagenet, surnamed de Bro-=T=Alice, dau. of Sir Roger Halys. 
therton. Earl of Norfolk, elder son of 
Edward I., by his second queen. 



Lady Margaret Plantagenet, Duchess ofyJohn, Lord Segrave. 
Norfolk, dau. and heir. j 

Elizabeth, dau. and heir of John, Lord=j=John, Lord Mowbray 
Segrave. I 

Thomas de Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk.=T=Lady Elizabeth Fitzalan, sister and co- 

heir of Thomas, Earl of Arundel. 

Lady Isabel de Mowbray, dau. and, in=pJames, Lord Berkeley, of Berkeley 



her issue, coheir of Thomas, Duke of 
Norfolk. 



Castle, CO. Gloucester. 



Maurice, Lord Berkeley, d. in 1506.=i=Isabel, dau. of Philip Meade, Esq., 

Alderman of Bristol, d. in 1516. 

James, 3rd son of Maurice, Lord Berke-=rSusan, dau. of William Viel, Esq. of 
ley. I Bristol. 

Mary Berkeley, dau. and coheir^of JamesySir Thomas Perrott, of Haroldston. 
Berkeley. I 

Jane Perrott, dau. of Sir Thos. Perrott.=T=Williara Phillips, Esq. of Picton. 

^ ! 

Elizabeth, dau. and coheir of WilliamyGeorge Owen, Esq., Lord of Kemes. 
Phillips, Esq. of Picton. I 

Alban Owen, Lord of Kemes.=T=Joan, !dau. of William Bradshaw, Esq., 

of St. Dogmaels. 

David Owen, Lord of Kemes.=T=Anne, dau. of Robert Corbctt, Esq., of 

Ynysymaengwyn . 

Anne Owen, only dau. of David and=j:Thomas Lloyd, Esq., of Henllys. 
sister and heir of William Owen, Lord 
of Kemes, d. 1721. 



William Lloyd, Esq., of Henllys.=FJoan, dau. of Owen Ford, Esq., of Bury, 

I CO. Pembroke, d. in 1772. 

Anne Lloyd, dau. and eventual heir.=T=Thoma3 Lloyd, Esq. of Bronwydd, co. 

I Cardigan. 

I 

Capt. Thomas Lloyd, of Bronwydd, d.=f Mary, dau. and heir of John Jones, 
13 July, 1807. M.D. of Haverfordwest. 

Thomas Lloyd, Esq. of Bronwydd, High=pAnne Davies, dau. of John Thomas, Esq. 
Sheriff of Cardiganshire in 1814. of Llwydycoed, m. 23 July, 1819. 

©BOmaS JUabteS UlOgU Esq. of Brownwydd, Lord of 
Kemes, 18th in direct descent from Edward I, King 
of England. 



Cf)omas Letois!, (Bsq. 



PEDIGRER XLIII- 



(JHrtoatll E. King of England.=T=Margaret, dau. of Philip III. of 

France. 



Edmund PLiNXAGENEx, surnamed=FMargaret, sister and heir of Thomas, 



GiDMUND jrLaNTAUENET, suruameu-T-iucirgtirei,, su 
of Woodstock, Earl of Kent. Lord Wake. 

rd, the Black^pJoAN, the 
!, last hus- of Kent, 
band. and heir. 



Edward, the Black^^JoAN, the Fair Maid=T=Sir Thomas Holland, K.^G. 
Prince, last hus- | of Kent, only dau. 

r ' 1 ' 

Richard Thomas Holland, 2nd=j=Lady Alice Fitzalan, dau. of Rich 



II., King Earl of Kent,Marshal 

of Eng- of England, d. 1397. 

land. 



I 

The Lady Eleanor Holland, 4th: 
dau. and eventual coheir. 



ard, Earl of Arundel. 



:Thomas Montacute, Earl of Salis- 
bury. 



The Lady Alice Montacute, only=T=Richard Neville, 2nd son of Ralph, 
dau. and heir. | 1st Earl of Westmoreland. 



. ' 



John, Marquess of Montacute, K.G.-j-Isabel, dau. and heir of Sir Edmund 
slain at Barnet, 1471. ( de Ingoldsthorpe. 



Jisaoei 
de Ing 



Lucy, dau. and coheir of John,=FSir Anthony Browne, Knt., Standard 
Marquess of Montacute. Bearer of England. 



T 



Elizabeth, dau. of Sir Anthony =pHenry Somerset, Earl of Worcester, 
Browne, d. 1585. d. 26 Nov. 1549. 



I 

William, 3rd Earl of Worcester,=^Christian, dau. of Edward. Lord 
K.G. d. 1589. North of Carthledge. 

Lucy, younger dau. of William, 3rd=T=Henry Herbert, Esq. of Winstow, 
Earl of Worcester, K.G. co. Monmouth. 



Joan, dau. and coheir of Henry=T=Henry Lewis, Esq. of St. Pierre, 
Herbert, Esq. of Winstow. co. Monmouth, living in 1600 and 

1630. 






1 

George Lewis, Esq. of St. Pierre=^Mary, dau. of Sir William Morgan, 



TiYia.ij', uiiu. ui 
of Tredegar. 



Thomas Lewis, Esq. of St. Pierrej^iFJoanna, dau. of Joseph Langton, 
a stanch royalist. j Esq. of Newton Park, co. Somerset. 

Thomas Lewis, Esq. of St. Pierre.=FDe la Rivers, dau. of Sir Thomas 

I Morgan. 

I 

Thomas Lewis Esq. of St. Pierre,=T=Calherine, only dau. of Hugh Cal- 
d. in 1734. | veley Cotton, Esq. 

I -' 

Morgan Lewis, Esq. of St. Pierre,=FRachel, dau. of Charles Van, Esq. 
d. in 1779. | of Llanwern. 



. 1 



Charles Lewis, Esq. of St. Pierre.=T=Ann Susanna, dau. of Francis Davis 
m. in 1777. Esq. of Chepstow. 

, 1 

ef)oma9 actots, Esq. now of St. Pierre, 18th indirect descent^ 
from Edward I. King of England. 



PEDIGREE XLIV. 



T5emarn (Srani3ille, (2Bsq. 



<[?llll5ar& i. King of England. 



Edward II. King of Eng- 
land. 



^ I 

Lady Elizabeth Plantagenet,=j=Humplirey de Bohun, Other 



5th dau. of Edward I. 



Edward III. King of Eng- 
land. 



Earl of Hereford. 



issue. 



Lady Eleanor de Bohun, dau.== James Butler, Earl of Or- 



of the Earl of Hereford. 



Thomas, Earl of Wood- 
stock, Duke of Gloucester. 



From whom 



The Princess=pEdmund,EarI 

Anne Planta- 

genet. 



From whom 



of Staflford. 
derived 



monde. 



derived 



Edward Staf-=T=Lady Eleanor 



Lady Anne Butler, dau. and===Sir James St. Leger, Knt. 
coheir of Thomas,' 7th Earl 
of Ormonde. 



ford, Duke of 
Buckingham. 



Percy. 



Mary,=T=George, Lord 
Abergavenny. 



Sir George St. Leger, Sheriff=f=Anne, dau. of Edmund Kne- 
of Devon, 22 Henry VIII. vj't, of Buckenham. 



Catherine, dau. of George, Lord Aberga-=pSir John St. Leger, of Annery, Devon, High 
gavenny. | Sheriff, 1562. 



Mary St. Leger, eldest dau. and coheir.^Sir Richard Granville, Knt. of Stow, Ad- 
miral in the reign of Elizabeth, represen- 
tative of Richard de Granville, Earl of 
Corbeil, a descendant of Rollo the Dane. 



Sir Bernard Granville, of Bideford, M.P.=pEli2abeth, dau. and heir of Philip Bevil, 
for Bodmin. | Esq. 

1 ' 

Sir Bevil Granville, Knt. of Bideford, the=pGrace, dau. of Sir George Smith, Knt., 
gallant Cavalier Commander. of Exeter. 

I 
Bernard Granville, Esq. 4lh son : was=T=Anne, only dau. and heir of Cuthbert 
Master of the Horse and Gentleman of ^ ~ 

the Bed-chamber to Charles II. 



Morley, Esq. of Haunby, co. York. 



Col. Bernard Granville, of Buckland, co.=pMary, dau. of Sir Martin Westcomb, 
Gloucester, 3rd son, d. 1733. i Bart. 



Bernard Granville, Esq. eldest son and Other John D'Ewes, Esq.=pAnne Granville, 
heir : purchased the estate of Calwich issue, of Wellesbourne, co. 
Abbey, co. Stafford, d. unm. 1775. Warwick. 



d. 1761. 



Harriott Joan, 2nd=TheRev. John D'Ewes, M.A., Vicar IernardD'Ewes=T=Annc,eld. dau. 



dau. of John Dela- of Ham, co. Stafford, &c., s.his uncle of Hagley, co. 
here, Esq. of Chel- in Calwich Abbey, and assumed the Worcester, b. in 
lenham. surname and arms of Granville. 1743. 



of John Dela- 
bere, Esq., of 
Cheltenham. 



Court D'Ewes, Esq. who s. his uncle the Rev.=pMaria, dau. of Edward Fer- 



John Granville, in Calwich Abbey, and assumed 
the surname and arms of Granville. 



rers, Esq., of Baddesley 
Clinton, co. Warwick. 



JifrnarJJ (Sranbillc, Esq., eldest son and heir. 



ca^illiam JFrancls iLotontie0=^tone, (ZBsq. pedigree m. 



©Irtoarlr Mh King of England, d. l377.=i=Pliilippa, dau. of William, Count of Hainault. 



Lionel Plantagenet, Duke of Claience.=T=Lady Elizabeth de Burgh, dau. and heir of 

William, Earl of Ulster. 



The Lady Philippa Plantagenet, only=FEdmund Mortimer, Earl of March, 
child. 



T 



The Lady Elizabeth Mortimer.=pHenry Percy, the renowned Hotspur, d. in 

1403. 



Henry Percy, 2nd Earl of Northumber- 
land, fell at St. Albans, 1455. 



Henry Percy, 3rd Earl of Northumber- 
land, slain at Towton, 1461. 



=Lady Eleanor Nevil, dau. of Ralph, 1st Earl 
of Westmoreland, and Joan de Beaufort, 
his wife, dau. of John of Gaunt. 

^Eleanor, dau. and heir of Richard Poynings. 



Henry Percy, 4th Earl of Northumber-=pMaude, dau. of Herbert, 1st Earl of Pem- 
land. I broke. 



Henry Algernon Percy, 5th Earl.^Catherine, dau. and coheir of Sir Robert 

i Spencer. 



r 



Sir Thomas Percy, Knt., 2nd son, exe-=j:Eleanor, dau. of Guiscard Harbottle, Esq. of 



cuted in 1537. 



Beamish, co. Durham. 



I 1 1 1 

Thomas, 7th Earl Henry, 8th Guiscard, d. an Sir Francis Slingsby,=pMary Percy, 

of Northumberland. Earl. infant. Knt. of Scriven. d. in 1598. 



Sir Henry Slingsby, of Scriven, d. 1634.=pFrances, dau. and heir of William Vavasour, 

of Weston, co. York. 



J 



Frances Slingsby, 6th dau. of Sir Hen.=pBryan Stapleton, Esq. of Myton, co. York. 
Slingsby. I 



Sir Henry Stapylton, Bart., of Myton ,=f:The Hon. Elizabeth D'Arcy, dau. of Conyers, 
so created in 1660. Lord D'Arcy. 

I 

Frances Stapylton.=j=John Lowe, Esq. son of Francis Lowe, Esq. 
of Gray's Inn, by Dorothy, his wife, dau. of 
Sir Richard Stone, Knt. 



Francis Lowe, Esq. of Brightwell, rf.=T=Elizabeth, dau. of John Corrance, Esq. of 
in June, 1754. | Parham. 



T 



Catharine Lowe, dau. and eventual =T=William Lowndes, Esq. of Brightwell Jure 
heiress. uxoris, took the name of Stone. 



William Lowndes Stone, Esq. of Bright-=T=Elizabeth, 2nd dau. and coheir of Richard 



well. 



Garth, Esq. of Morden, in Surrey. 



ffiSatlltam .-if ranrifi iLolDiiUes^S'tonf, Esq. of 
Brightwell Park, co. O.xford, 17lhin descent 
from Edward III. 



PEDIGREE IV. 



Eigfit ©on, Cftarleg Cennpson, D^OBpncourt. 



IHtltDarlr mi.=rPhilippa, of Hainault. 



I 

Edward, Prince of 

Wales 



T. 



— I 

Rich- 
ard II. 
s.p. 



John, 12th 

Baron 
D'Eyncourt 
of Blankney. 

1^ n 

William, Alice, Ba-= 

13th Ba- roness D' 

ron, Eyncourt. 

d. s. p. 



Lionel, Duke John of Gaunt, Duke Edmund, Earl of 
of Clarence. of Lancaster. Cambridge, and 

=F =F Duke of York. =j= 

^ 



Phi-=f:Edmund 



lippa. 



Mortimer, 
Earl of 
March. 



Ralph, lst= 
Earl of 
Westmore- 
land. 



=Wil- 
liam, 
Lord 
Lovel. 



Roger, : 
Plarl of 
March. 



William, ulti-= 
mately heir 
male, Lord 
Morley, jure 
uxoris. 



=AIianore, 
Baroness 
Morley. 



:Eleanor, dau. 
of Thomas, 
Earl of Kent. 



Anne,=T=Richard, 



.\lice, Lovel, 
heiress. 



Henry, Lord 
Morley. 



Henry, d.v.p. 

1 

Henry, Lord 
Morley. 



pWilliam, 
lord Mor- 
ley, jure 
uxoris. 

=Alice St. 
John. 

-Grace 
Newport. 



Morti- 
mer, 
dan. 
and 
heir. 

Richard,= 
Duke of 
York. 



Earl of Cam- 
bridge, grand- 
son of Ed- 
ward III. 



Joan de John 
Beau- Beau- 
fort, fort, 
Earl of 
Somerset. 



Thos. of Wood- 
stock, Duke of 
Gloucester. 

Richard, 
Earl of 
Cambridge, 
m. Anne 
Mortimer. 



=Cecil Neville. 



John, 1st 
Duke of 
Somerset. 

T 

Margaret, 
Countess of 
Richmond. 



Jane, m. 
James I. 
King of 
Scots. 



— I 

Edmund, 
Duke of 
Somerset. 



r 



Alianore, co-heir 
m. Sir Robert 
Spencer. =p 



Margaret, coheir, 
m. Thos. Gary. 



Anne = 
Planta- 
genet,eld. 
dau. 



=Sir Thomas 
St. Leger. 



Anne, 
XadyEli- sole heir. I 
zabeth i ' 



..J 



Edward, Lord= 

Morley. 



=j^George, Lord 
Roos. 
zabeth p- 

Stanley. Thomas,=pEleanor Pas- 
Earl of I ton. 
: Elizabeth Rutland. | 

dau. and | ' 

heiress of LadyEli-=pSir John Sa 



Rich. III. 
d. s. p. 

Edw. V. 
Richard, 
d.s. p 



Edw. IV. 



._i 



Eliza-= 
beth, 
eldest 
dau. , 



Sir John Gary, 
lieir. 
=Hen. =p 

VII. I 

Sir Edward Gary, 
heir. 



r" 



T" 



_J 



William, Lord: 
Morley and 
Monteagle, 
who discover- 
ed the Gun- 
powder Plot. 



William, 
Lord 
Mont- 
eagle. 

^Eliza- 
beth Tre- 
sham. 



zabeth 

Manners. 



vage. 



Anne,=pFRANcis Leke, Henry,Viscount 
Lord D'Eyn- Falkland, Lord 
COURT, of Sut- Lieutenant of 
ton, and Earl Ireland, 
of Scarsdale. ^ 



r 



Sir John=f:Mary Ailing- 
Savage. I ton. 



Lady Anne =pHenry Hildeyard, 



Leke, eldest 
co-heir 



Thomas, 

Earl 

Rivers. 



^Elizabeth, 
dau. and co- 
heir of Thus. 
Lord D'Arcy 
de Chi die. 



I 



Catherine, eldest co-heir =pJohn, Earl Rivers, 
of Morley and Monteagle. I 



chief of the family 
of Hildeyard, of 
Winestead, being 
eldest brother of 
Sir Robert Hilde- 
yard, Bart. 



Three sons, 
all d. s.p. 



Lady Jane, eld. co-heir,=pGeorge Pitt, 



m. 1st, George, Lord 
Chandos, s. p. 



of Slralhfield- 
saye. 



Henry Hilde- 
yard, heir. 



r 



= Dorothy =ipElizabeth 
Grantham, | Hilder, 
1st wife. .4^2nd wife. 



Jane-pChristopher Hildeyard, heir. 
I I 

Dorothy, co-heir.=r George Clayton. 

I ' 

Elizabeth, sole heiress.=j=Michacl Tennyson. 

I -" 

George Tennyson, heir.=j=Mary Turner. 



CTftarlrs (JTrnnyson lr"«P)>nrourt. 



^it oBDmimti ^aunticrson Iprincaujc, iBan, pedigree v. 



lEtliDai'ti {. King of England. 



I 1 1 

EuwAKD II. Kiiigol Eng- Lady Elizabeth Plantagenet,^Humphrey de Bohun, Other 

5th dau. of Edward I. 



land. 



r 

Edward III. King of Eng- 
land. 

T ^ 



Earl of Hereford. issue. 



Lady Eleanor de Bohun, dau.=FJaines Butler, Earl of Or 



Thomas, Earl of Wood- 
stock, Duke of Gloucester. 

The Princess =FEdmund, Earl 
Anne Plauta- of Stafford, 
genet. 

From whom derived 



of the Earl of Hereford. 



From whom 



monde. 



derived 



Edward Staf-=j=Lady Eleanor 
ford, Duke of 
Buckingham. 



Lady Anne Builer, dau. and^Sir James St. Leger, Kut. 
coheir of Thomas, 7th Earl 
of Ormonde. 



Percv. 



Mary .-[-George, Lord Sir George St. Leger, Sherifl^Anne, dau. of Edmund Kne 



Abergavenny. of Devon, 22 Henry VHL 



vyt, of Buckenhara. 



Catherine, dau. of George, Lord Aber-=pSir John St. Leger, of Annery, Devon, She- 
gavenny. I riff, 1562. 



Mary St. Leger, eldest dau. aud coheir .=y:Sir Richard Granville, Knt. of Stow, Admiral 

in the reign of Elizabeth- 



Sir Bernard Granville, of Bideford, M,P.=y=Elizabeth, dau. and heir of Philip Bevil, Esq. 
for Bodmin. 



Sir Bevil Granville, Knt. of Bideford, the=^Grace, dau. of Sir George Smith, Knt., of 
gallant Cavalier commander. Exeter. 



Elizabeth Granville, dau. of Sir Bevil.=fSir Peter Prideaux, Bart, of Netherlon. 



Sir Edmund Prideaux, Bart., d. 1719.^Elizabeth, dau. and coheir of George Saunder- 

son, Esq. of Tliorsby, co. Lincoln, 2nd wife. 

I ' 

Sir John Prideaux, Bart., succeeded his^^^Anne, eldest dau. of John, Viscount Lisburne, 
half-brother, who d. without issue male, by Mallet, his wife, dau. of John Wilmot, Earl 
d. 1766. ) of Rochester. 

( ' 

John Prideaux, Brigadier - General in the=^Elizabeth, dau. of Col. Roll, and sister of Sir 
Army, killed at Niagara, v.p. 1759. | Edward Baynluu Rolt, Bart, of Spyc Park. 



B-T-HiUZaD 

Ed\v£ 



Sir John Wilmot Prideaux, Bart. succeedcd^Phebe Ann Priddle. 
his grandfather, d. iii 1826. 

Sir Oitmnlt ^autiiirrson ^ritJrau.r. Bart, of Nctherton, co. Devon. 



PEDIGREE VI. 



Cj)oma0 2i0illiam Catton, OBsqi, 



ming f^furg VH. 



Mary, Queen Dowager of France, dau.=rCHARLES Brandon, Duke of Suffolk, K.G. 
and in her issue, coheiress of her bro- 
ther, King Henry YIII. 



Lady Eleanor Brandon, dau. and coheir.=T=HENRY Clifford, Earl of Cumberland. 



Lady Margaret Clifford, only dau. and^y^Henry Stanley, Earl of Derby, K.G. d. 1593. 
heir. 



Ferdinando Stanley, Earl of Derby,: 
Baron Strange of Knockyn, d. in 159.5. 



=Alice, dau. of Sir John Spencer, of Althorpe. 



Lady Frances Stanley, dau. and coheir.=T=JoHN Egerton, Earl of Bridgewater. 



John Egerton, second Earlof Bridgewater,=^Lady Elizabeth Cavendish, dau. of William, 
d. in 1686. I Duke of Newcastle. 



The Hon. Thos. Egerton, of Tatton Park,=FHesther, dau. of Sir John Busby, Knt. of 



b. 16 March, 1651. 



Addington. 



John Egerton, Esq. of Tatton Park,=pElizabeth, dau. of Samuel Barbour, Esq. 
b. in 1679, d. 1724. 



Hester Egerton, dau. and heiress.^William Tatton, Esq. of Withenshaw. 



William Tatton Egerton, Esq. of Tatton=f:Mary, second dau. of Richard Wilbraham 



and Withenshaw 



Bootle, Esq. of Rode and Lathem. 



Thomas William Egerton, Esq. who as-=fEmma, dau. of the Hon, John Grey, third son 



sumed the surname of Tatton. 



of Harry, 4th Earl of Stamford. 



tUffOmaQ miilUam Catton, Esq. of Withenshaw, who is thus 
one of the co-representatives of the Princess Mary, sister and 
eventually coheir of King Henry \Ul. 



anUcettJ COiUiam Corbet, (2B0q, pedigree vn. 



Jijcnrs VM. King of England.=pElizabeth, duu. of King Edward IV. 



Henry VIII. Charles Brandon, Duke=T=Mary, youngest dau., relict of Louis XII. 



of Suffolk, m. the Queen 
Dowager of France, 
1517. 



King of France. 



Henry Grey, Duke of Suflfolk.^Frances, eldest dau. and heir. 



Edward Seyraour,Earl of Hert.= 
ford, son of Edward, Duke of 
Somerset. 



^Catherine, second dau. 



Edward Seymour, Lord Beau-=pHonora, dau. of Sir Richard Rogers, 
champ. I of Braynstone, Knt. 



Sir Ferdinand© Sutton, K.G.,=j=Honora. 
only son of Edw.Lord Dudley. 



Humble Ward, Lord Ward, ofq=Frances, Baroness Dudley, d. 1697. 
Birmingham, d. 1672. 



Hon. W. Ward.=pAnne, dau. and heiress of Thomas 
Parkes, Esq. 



Robert Pigott, of Chetwynd, co.=f=Frances. 
Salop, Esq. 



Robert Pigott, of Chetwynd,=f:Anne, dau. of — Piers, Esq. of 



Esq. 



Criggyon, co. Montgomery. 



Rev. Wm. Pigott, Rector of=T=Arabella, dau. of John^Mytton, of 



Chetwynd and Edgemond, co. 
Salop. 



Halston, co. Salop, Esq. 



John Corbet, of Sundome Cas-=p Anne. 
tie, CO. Salop, Esq. 



ailtrrctD 5!iaiUtam <{rorliet, of-^Mary-Emma, 2nd dau. of John Hill, 
Sundome, Esq. Esq. of Hawkstone, co. Salop, and 

sister of Rowland, Viscount Hill. 



PEDIGREE VIlI. 



3lo{)n CJ)omas Dolman, (2Bsq[. 



ISDhjavlI Mil. K-iiig of England.=T=Plnlippa, of Hainault 



Edmund, of Langley, Duke of York.-plsabel, dau. and coheir of Peter, King of Castile. 

I ' 

Richard, Earl of Cambridge. -pLady Anne Mortimer, great-grand child of Lionel, 

Duke of Clarence, '2nd son of Edward III. 



Richard Plantagenet, Duke of York. =T=Cecily, dau. of Ralph Nevil, Earl of Westmoreland. 



r- 
Aune Plantagenet, Duchess of-pSir Thomas St. Leger, 

Exeter, sister of Edward IV. | Knt. 
I ^ 



Edwaud IV. King 
of England. 



Aime, dau. and sole heir.=T=Sir George Manners, Lord Ros. 



The Hon. Catherine Manners. =^Sir Robert Constable, of Everingham. 

I ^ 

Sir Marmaduke Constable, =f=Jaue, dau. of William, Lord Conyers. 
Km. of Everingham, t/.lG74. I 

I ' 

Sir Robert Constable, Knt. of=f=Margaret, dau. of Sir Robert Twywhitt. 
Everingham. | 

I ' 

Barbara Constable, eldest dau.=pSir Thomas Metham, Knt, slain at Mar- 

I ston Moor. 

r ' 

Barbara Metham, dau. and=pThomas Dolman, Esq. of Badsworth, 



coheir, d. 1624, 2nd wife. 



d. 1639, eldest son of Sir Robert Dol- 
man, Knt., grandson of Thomas Dol- 
man, Esq. of Pocklinglon, J. P. in 1.584, 
by Elizabeth, his wife, sister and heiress 
of Peter Vavasour, Esq. of Spaldington, 
and descended froniAlexander Dolman, 
Esq. of Lashingham, co. York, living 
13 Edward III. 



Robert Dolman, Esq.=f=Catherine,dau. of Edmund 
of Badsworth and Thorold, Esq. of Hough, 
Pdcklington, living | co. Lincoln. 
1665, only son. I 

William Dolman, Esq. an Officer in the Army. 

, X 



Robert Dolman, Es,q.=pAnne, dau. of Richard 



of Helinsley, s. to 
Pocklington, &c. 
on the decease of 
his uncle, Robert, 
in 1729. 



Brigham, Esq. of Brigham 
d. 176y. 



Robert Dolman, Esq.=j=Peggy, only child of Thos. 

Reynolds, Esq. of Mau- 
raugh, Notts, m. 1759, d. 
1776, 1st wife. 



tif Pocklington, 
M.D. d. 14 Feb. 
1792. 



Thomas D(ilman,Esq.=pMartha Leach, dau. of 



b. at Pocklington, 
eldest sun. 



John Griffith, of St. Bria- 
veils, CO. Gloucester, d. 
in ISIIJ. 



.llOftn iiri)Onias ?Dol==j=Ann Hdcn, dau. of Samuel 
man, Esq. of York. | Cox, Esq. M.D. of Eaton 
4^ Bishop. 



IPJjilip DatJies Coolie, Csq. 



PEDIGREE IX. 



<!FtltDarIH:H. king ofyPhilippa, dau. of William 
England, d. 1377. of Hainault. 



Edward, Prince 
of Wales, com- 
monly called 
the Black 
Prince, father 
of Richard II. 



Lionel, ol- 
Antwerp, 
Duke of 
Clarence, 
Earl of 
Ulster, m. 
1st, in 
1352. 



r 



-Lady Elizabeth 
de Burgh, dau. 
and heiress of 
William, Earl 
of Ulster. 1st 
wife. 



John of 
Gaunt, 
Duke of 
Lancas- 
ter, Earl 
of Rich- 
mond, 
father of 
Hkn. IV. 



Isabel, young-^ 
est dau. and 
coheir of Pe- 
ter, King of 
Castile, and 
Leon. 1st wife. 



Philippa P!an-=pEdmund Mortimer, 3rd Earl of March, 
tagenet, only lineally derived from the marriage of 
child and heir- Ralph, Lord Mortimer, of Wigmore, 
ess. with the Princess Gwyladys, dau. of 

Llewelyn ap lorwerth, Prince of North 

Wales. 



Roger Mortimer, 4ih=pEleonora, dau. of Thomas, 
Earl of March, eld. Earl of Kent. 
son.d. 1398. 



I 

Edmund. 5th 

Earl of March, 

d.s.p. 1424. 



=Edmund 
Langley, 
Duke of 
York and 
Earl of 
Cambridge 



Thomas 

ofWood- 

stock. 



Anne Mortimer,^Ricliard Planlagenet, Earl 



only dau. 



Richard Plantagenet, Duke of York. Protector of - 
England, only son, fell at the battle of Wakefield, 
1460. 



of Cambridge, only surviv- 
ing son, 

^Cecily, dau. of Ralph Ne- 
ville, Earl of Westmore- 
land. 



I 

Edward 
IV. king 
of Eng- 
land, d. 
9 April, 
1483. 



Edmond, 
Earl of 
Rutland, 
slain at 
Wake- 
field, aged 
12. 



1 

George, = 
Duke of 
Clar- 
rence, 
put to 
death, 
1477. . 



T 1 \ 1 1 

^Isabel, Richard Anne Plan-=T=Sir Thos. Margaret Elizabeth, 



dau. & III. King tagenet, m. 
heir of of Eng- 1st, Henry 
Rich. land. Holland, 

Neville, Duke of 

Earl of Exeter. 

.Warwick. 



St.Leger, m. Chas. m. John 
Knt. theBold, de la Polo, 

Duke of Duke of 
Bur- Sussex. 

gundy. 



The Princess Elizabeth, w. 
King Henry VII. , a quo 
her present Majesty, Queen 
Victoria. 



Sir George Manners, Lord Ros,^Anne St. Leger, 



to which barony he s. on the 
deatli of his mother, in 1487, d. 
1513. 



only dau. and 
heir. 



Thomas Manners. 13ih Lord Ros, K.G., ^Eleanor, dau. of Sir Wil- 



eldest son, created Earl of Rutland, 18 
June, 1528, d. 1543. 



liam Paston. 2nd wife. 



Lady Elizabeth Manners.=j^ir John Savage, Knt., son of Sir John 

Sarage, Knt., and Elizabeth, dau. of 
Charles Sumerset, 1st Earl of SVorcester. 



Thomas Savage, Grace-pSir Richard Wilbraham, of Woodhey, 

created Viscl. Savage. Savage. | created a Bart, in 1621, d. 1G43. 

^Elizabeth, dan. and coheir of Sir Roger 
Wilbraliam, Knt., one of the Masters to 
James I. 



I 

Sir Tlios. W ilbraham, 2nd Ba-' 

ronet. 



r 



Elizabeth Wilbraham, onl)-|-Mutton Davies. Esq., of Gwysaney and 
daughter. | Llannerch, b. 19 Feb. 1G34. 

r— '• 1 

a b 



PEDIGREE IX. 



PWUp ^mm Coolie, Cgq/ 



a 



Robert Davies, Esq. of Gwy-^Letitia, dau. of Edward Vaughan, Esq. 



saney and Llanerch Park, High 
Sheriff of Flintshire in 1 704, d. 
8 July, 1710. 



of Trawscoed, co. Cardigan, afterwards 
wife of Peter Pennant, Esq. of Down- 
ing. 



Thomas Davies, 
ancestor of Owen 
Davies, Esq. to 
whose " Royal 
Descent" refer. 



Robert Davies, Esq. of Gwysa-=j=Anne, dau. of John Brockholes, Esq. 



ney and Llanerch, d. 22 May, 
1728. 



of Claughton Hall, co. Lancaster. 



Robert Davies, Esq. of Gwysa-=FLetitia, dau. of Broughton Whitehall, 
uey and Llanerch. Esq. of Broughton, co. Flint. 

I 

Mary Davies, sister and coheir^Philip Puleston, Esq. of Hafod-y-wern, 
of John Davies, Esq. of Gwy- co. Denbigh. 

saney and Llanerch. | 

. -1 



Frances Puleston, only dau. and' 
heir, d. 1 Jan. 1818. 






Bryan Cooke, Esq. of Owston, co. York, 
Col. 3d West York Militia, and M.P. for 
Malton, d. 8 Nov. 1820. 



^^tlilip JSabiw Coofee,= 

Esq. of Owston, co. 

York, and Gwysanev, 

co.Flint, High Sheriff 

of the latter co. in 1824. 



=Lady Helena Caro- Robert Bryan, William Bryan, Mary Frances, 
line King,eldest dau. in holy orders, an officer in the wife of the 
of George, 3rd Earl army. Rev. William 

of Kingston. Margesson. 



Philip Bryan Davies Cooke, and other issue. 



9&mt iRicfjatD (^ratjes ipoltofjele. 



PEDIGREE X. 



MaUItam tfjf GToiKincror, King of England.=j=Maud, dau. of Baldwin V. Count of Flanders. 

1 ' 

Hbnry I. King of England, d. 1135.=fMaud, dau. of Malcolm Canmore, King 

of Scotland, (d. 1118), by St. Margaret, 
his Queen, sister of Edgar Atheling, heir 
to the Saxon Kings of England. 
1 



r- 



Geoffry, Earl of Anjou, d. 1127.=T=Maud, the Empress, m. 2 Apr. 1127, d. 1167. 
Henry II. King of England, d. 7 July,=T=Ejeanor, eldest dau. and heir of William, 

.J 

:r 

Henry III. King of England, d. r272.=pEleanor, 2nd dau. and coheir of Raymond, 

I Earl of Provence. 

Edward I. King of England, d. 7 July,=pEleanor, dau. of Ferdinand, King of Cas- 
1307. I tile and Leon. 



nE.N'RY 11. iving 01 r.ngiauu, a. i Juiy,-T-t,ieanor, emest dau. and heir 
1189. I Duke of Aquitaine,d. 1202. 

John, King ;of England, d. 1216.=plsabel, dau. of Aymor Earlof Angoulesme. 



The Princess Joan, of Acres, dau. of Edw. I.=pGilbert de Clare, Earl of Gloucester. 

Eleanor, eldest dau. and coheir of Gilbert de Clare.=j=Hugh Le Despenser, Earl of Gloucester. 

I ' 

Sir Edmund Le Despenser,Knt. 2nd son.=j=Anne,dau. of Henry,Lord Ferrers, of Groby. 

I ' 

Edmund Lord Ferrers, of Groby, d. ]4=f=Eleaiior, cousin and heir of John Ber- 
Henry VI. | mingham. 

I ^ J 

William Lord Ferrers, of Chartley, d. 23 Hen.VI.=T=Elizabeth, dau. of Hamon Belknap. 

I 
Anne, dau. and heir of William, Lord=pWalter Devereux, Lord Ferrers, of Chart- 
Ferrers, of Chartley. ley. 

I ..^——— 

Sibill, dau. of Walter Devereux, Lord=i=Sir James Baskerville, Knt. of Erdisley, 
Ferrers, of Chartley. i Sheriff of Herefordshire, 38 Henry VI., 

I 4 Edward IV. and 14 Henry VIL 



Sir Walter Baskerville, of Erdisley, K.B.=i=Elizabeth, dau. of Henrv ap Milo ap 
d. 4 Sept. 1505. | Harry, of Poston, 2nd wife. 



r 



Simon Baskerville, 5th son, d. lG02.=r:Elizabeth, dau. of Brand, of Wanborough. 

1 ' 

George Baskerville, Esq. of Tewkesbury, 3rd son.=pEleanor, dau. of Quarles. 

Thomas Baskerville, Esq. of Richardston,=pJoan Lor, m. about 1601. 
2nd son, J. P. for Wilts, rf. 14 Jan. 1620. 

I ' 

Anne, youngest dau. of Thomas Basker— j-John Polwhele, Esq. of Polwhele, M.P 
ville, Esq. of Richardston, and sister of eldest son of Thomas Polwhele, E 



Francis Baskerville,Esq. of Richardston. 



Esq. 

of Polwhele and Treworgan, living 1620, 
and descended from Drogo de Polwhele, 
Chamberlain to the Empress Maud. 



John Polwhele, Esq. of Polwhele and=pDau. of Rediuge, Esq. of Northampton. 
Treworgan. 

I ' 

Richard Polwhele, Esq. of Polwhele and=r:Mary, sister of the Rot. Edward Collins, 
Treworgan, High Sheriff of Cornwall. Vicar of St. Erth and Breagc. 

r — ■ — ■ ' 

Thomas Polwhele, Esq. of Polwhele, J,P.=pMary, dau. of R. Thomas, Esq. of Truro, 
and D.L. for Cornwall, h. 1724, d. Wi'i. J 

The Rev.Richard Polwhele. of Polwhelc,Vicar=f Mary dau. of Richard Tyrrell, Esq. ofSlar- 
of Newlyn, only son, h. 1760, rf. 1838. I cross, co. Devon, 2nd wife, m. in 1792. 

, 1 

KirJarD (ffirabes IDoItofiflc, Esq. of Pol-=Louisa Frances, only dau. of (ho Rev. 
whele. Major Madras Artillery, 6.20 Oct. Robert Grcvillo, of Wvasiuu Grove, co. 
1794, J. P., 17ih in direct descent from Derby, m. 18 Nov. 1829. 
Edw.vru I. King of England. q 



PEDIGREE XI. 



3|of)n DelauaU OBarl of CptconneL 



C?&tnuntr If.. King of England, surnamed Ironside, lineal descendant from 
Alfrkd, had a son Edward.=T=Agatlia, dau. of Henry II. Emperor of Germany. 



Edgar Atheling, rightful heir 
to the crown instead of Ed- 
ward the Confessor, d. with- 
out issue. 



Malcolm Can-= 
more, King of 
Scotland. 



■Margaret Atheling, heiress 
to the crown of England, 
who was defeated by the 
Conquest. 



Christiana, be- 
came a Nun, at 
Romsey, Hants. 



Henry I. King of England, 3rd son of William the Conqueror.=f=Matilda, of Scotland. 



William, Duke 
of Normandy, d. 
without issue. 



Henry IV. Emperor of=Matilda.-pGeoffrey Plantagenet, 



Germany, 1st husband, 
d. without issue. 



Earl of Anjou, 2nd 
husband. 



Henry II. King of England.=j=Eleanor, of Aquitaine. 



I I 

Richard I.=Berengaria, Princess of Navarre. JoHN.-pIsabella, of Angouleme. 



Henry III.=iFElcanor, of Provence. 



Eleanor, of Castile,=y=EDWARD I. d. 1307.= 
1 st wife, I 



=Margaret, of France, dau. of Philip IV. King of 
France, and grand-dau. of St. Louis, 2nd wife. 



Edward 11.= 
d. 1327. 



^Isabel, of Thomas, of Brotherton, Earl 
France. of Norfolk, 2nd son, from 
whom in the female line, the 
Howards descend. 



~i 



Edmund of Wood-=^Margaret, sister 
~ "~ and heir of 

Thomas, Lord 
Wake. 



stock, Earl of Kent. 
3rd son ; beheaded 
1329. 



I 
Edward III. 

d. 1377. 



Philippa, of 
Hainault. 



r 



J 



Sir Thomas Holland,=pJoan, only dau. of Edmund of Wood- 



Earl of 
d. 13G0 



Kent, K.G., 



_L 



stock, Earl of Kent, sister of Edmund, 
and sister and heir of John, both Earls 
of Kent, d. 1385. 



Edward Edmund, = 
the ofLangley, 
Black Duke of 
Prince. York,K.G,, 
4th son, 
rf. 1402. 



Richard II. 
d.s.p. 



Isabel, young- 
est dau. and 
heir of Peter, 
King of Cas- 
tile and Leon. 



Lionel Plantagenet.-pElizabeth Thomas = 

Holland, 
Earl of 
Kent, d. 
1396. 



of Antwerp, Duke of 
Clarence, Earl of 
Ulster,&c,K.G.,2nd 
son, d. 1368. 



de Burgh, 
dau. and 
heir of 
William. 
Earl of 
Ulster. 



=Alice, dau. 
of Richard 
Fitzalan, 
Earl of 
Arundel. . 



Edmund Mortimer, Srd^Philippa, dau. andheir. 
Earl of March, d. 1382. 

I ' I 

Roger, Earl of March and Ulster,=T=Eleanor, eldest dau.; sister of Thos. 



Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, 
1399. 



d. 



Holland, Duke of Surrey, and sis- 
ter and coheir of Edmund Holland, 
Earl of Kent. 



r- 



R'ichard, Earl of Cambridge, sur-=^Anne, dau. and coheir, after the death of 
namedof Coningsburgh, 2ndson her brother, Edmund Mortimer, heir to 
and heir; beheaded 1414. i the crown. 



Richard, Duke of York, Protector=T=Cicely, dau. of Ralph Nevil, Earl of West- 
of England, K.G., killed at the moreland. 
battle of Wakefield, 1460. 



Edward IV. King of 
England, d. 1483. 



George, Duke of Clarence, K.G.,=T=Isabel, dau. of Richard Nevil, 



murdered in the Tower, 1477. 



Earl of Salisbury and Warwick, 
surnamed the Kingmaker. 



Sir Richard Pole, K.G., d. 1504 .^Margaret, dau. and heir, Countess of 

Salisbury; beheaded 1541. 



r- 
a 



3loj)n DelatiaU (BM of CprconneL 



I'EDIGREE XI. 



a 

Henry Pole, Lord Montacute, son andT=Jane, dau. of George Ncvil, Lord of Aber- 
heir; beheaded, 1538. gavenny. 

Francis, Earl of Huntingdon, K.G.,=j=Catlierine, eldest dau. and coheir, d. 23 
d. 20 June, 1560, buried at Ashby de Sept. 1576. 
la Zouche. | 

1 -^ 

George.Earl of Huntingdon, d. 31 Dec.=T=Dorothy, 2nd dau. and coheir of Sir John 
1G04, buried at Ashby de la Zouch. Port, of Etwall, co. Derby, d. 2 Sept. 1607. 

I 

Francis, Lord Hastings, d.v.p. 17 Dec.=T=Sarah, dau. of Sir James Harrington, and. 

1595. sister of John, Lord Harrington, buried 3 

Oct. 1629, at Ashby. 



Sir George Hastings, of Gray's Inn, co.=j^eymour, dau. and coheir of Sir Gilbert 



Middlesex, Bart., d. without issue 
male, 1 July, 1641. 



Prinne, of Chippingham, co. Wilts. 



Bridges Nanfan, of Bridge Norton, co.=pKatherine, dau. and coheir of Sir George 



Worcester, d. 4 June, 1704, aged 72, 
buried there. 



Hastings, d. 8 Dec. 1702, aged 83. 



Richard Coote, 2nd Lord Coloony,^Katherine, dau. andheir, rf. 12 March,1738, 
created Earl of Bellamont in 1696, d. 
at New York, 5 March, 1700. 



ffit. circ. 73. 



Nanfan Coote, 2nd Earl of Bellamont,^Frances, youngest dau. of Henry de Nassau, 
d. 12 July, 1708, without issue male. Earl of Grantham. 

Hannah, dau. and coheir of Sir Thomas=pSir Robert Clifton, of Clifton,=FFrances, only dau. 

CO. Nottingham, Bart., K.B. 



Lombe, Knt., Alderman of London, 
2nd wife, and had an only son. 



Sir Gervase Clifton, Bart, 
from whom descends the 
present Baronet. 



George, 3rd Lord Carpenter, created^ 
Viscount Carlingford and Earl of Tyr- 
connel, 1 May, 1761, buried at Ousel- 
burj', CO. Hants, 19 March, 1762. 



and heir, 1st wife. 



=Francis, sole dau. and 
heir of her mother, m. 
at St.George's Chapel, 
May Fair, 23 March, 
1747-8. 



Charles Carpenter, b. 4 Jan. 1757, Captain R.N.-j-Elizabeth, only child of Thomas 



sometime M.P. for Berwick, d. 5 Sept. 1803, 
buried at Richmond, Surrey. 



Mackenzie, m. at St. George's 
Hanover Square, 19 May, 1785. 



George Carpenter, eldest son, succeeded his uncle 
as 5th Lord Carpenter, and 3rd Earl of Tyrcon- 
nel. Captain 1st Regt. of Guards, and A.D.C. to 
H.R.H. the Duke of York, d. unm. at Wilna, in 
the campaign of 1812, 20 Dec, and buried with 
military honours by Prince Kutusof, who erected 
a monument to his memory. This young noble- 
man was cut ofl' in the pride of manly beauty, and 
full of promise and talent, at the age of 24, having 
been born the 18ih Oct. 1788. 



=Sarah, only child 
of Robert Crowe, 
of Kiplin, CO. 
York, m. at Bol- 
ton on Swale, co. 
York, 1 Oct.1817. 



Jioj&n Bflabal, Earl= 
ofTyrconnel,G.C.H. 
2nd son, b. 16 Dec. 
1790, succeeded his 
brother as 6th Lord 
Carpenter, and 4th 
Earl of Tyrconnel, 
one of the corepresen- 
tatives of LionelPlan- 
tagenet,Duke of Cla- 
rence, 2nd son of Ed- 
ward III. King of 
England, entitled as 
such, to quarter the 
Plantagenet arms. 



Elizabeth-Anne, b. 19 Feb- 1847, d. 
the same day 



PEDIGREE XII. 



3lames BoWll jFfarrmgton, dB^q. 



^miWiam tfie CTontincror, 

King of England, lOGG. 



^Matilda, dau. of Baldwin 
I V. Count of Flanders. 
J 



Henry I. King of England. 



-1. 



Matilda the En- ^Geoffrey Plantagenet 
press. I Count of Anjou. 



Henry H. King of England. 

, ^ 

John, King of England. 

, J 

Henry HI, King of England. 

, 3= 

Edward I. King of England. 

r ^ 

Edward II. King of England. 

, T 

Edward III. King of England. 

r ? 

Lionel of Antwerp, Duke of Clarence. 

, T 

The Lady Philippa^^Edmund Mortimer, 



Plantagenet, dau. 
and heir. 



Earl of March. 



TheLadyElizabeth=pHcnry Percy, the 
Mortimer. 



I renowned Hotspur. 



Lady Elizabeth^John, Lord Clifford. 
Percy. 

Thomas, Lord Clif-=p Joan Dacre. 
ford. I 

I ' 

John, Lord Clif.=TpMargarctBromflete. 
ford. 1 

r -J 

Henry, Lord Clif-^Florence Pudsey. 
ford. 

I ' 

Dorothy Clifford,=pSir Hugh Lowther, 
only dau. j K.B.of Cumberland. 



Sir liichard Low-^Frances, dau, of 
ther,LordWarden John Middleton, 
of the West Mar- of Middleton. 
cheSj temp. Eliza' 

BETH. 



Sir Christopher =pElcanor, dau. of 



Lowther, of Cum- 
berland, 1603. 



William Musgravc, 
of II ay ton Castle. 



William deWarren,=r=Gundred, dau. of 
Earl of Warren. The Conqueror. 

Gerard de Gournay,=pEditha de War- 
Baron of Gournay. I ren. 



Ricliard de Talbot.^^A Daughter 



Agnes.=pGeoffrey de Talbot. 



William de Talbot, 22 Henry II. 



^ 



Ermintrude.=T=Robert de Talbot. 

1 

Matilda.=FRobert de Talbot. 
i 1 

Mathea.=T=Thomas de Talbot, of 
I Bashal, temp. Edward 
L 



Jane.=FSir Edmund Talbot, of 
Bashall. 
! , 

Elizabeth.=j=Sir Thomas Talbot, of 
I Bashall. 
I , 

Margery .=pSir Edmund Talbot, of 
I Bashall. 

Margery.=f=Sir Thomas Talbot, of 
1 Bashall. 

Agnes.=f=Sir Edmund Talbot, of 
I Bashall. 

"—I 

Alice.T=Sir Thomas Talbot, of 
Bashall. 



of 



Anne Hart.=FEdmund Talbot, 
I Bashall. 
L , 

Cicely, dau. of Sir=pSir Thomas Talbot 



WilliamVenables 
Knt. Baron of 
Kinderton. 



of Bashall. 



William Ffarring-=f:Jane, only dau. of 
ton, of Worden, Sir Thomas Tal- 
living temp. Eli- bot. 

Z A BETH, son of 

Sir Henry Ffar- 
rington, by Doro- 
thy Okcover, his 
2nd wife, and 
grandson of Sir 
William Ffarring- 
ton, and Alice,his 
wife, dau. of Sir 
Richard Ash ton. 



Barnes BoMll JFfartington, €m* 



PEDIGREE XII. 



William Lowlher,=pElcanor, dau. of 



Esq. of Ingleton, 
CO. York. 



Anthony Welbiiry, 
Esq. 



Anne Lowtlier.=pThomas Heber, Esq. 
of Marton, temp. 
Charles I. 



Francis Heber, =f Bridget^ dau. of Sir 
Esq. of Marton, - - - ■ 
d. 1668. 



John Pennington, of 
Muncaster. 



r 



-_i 



Eleanor Heber,3rd=pAlexander Nowell, 



dau, d. 1683, 2nd 
■wife. 



Esq. of Read Hall, 
CO. Lancaster. 



Alexander Nowell,^Mary, dau. of Rich. 
Esq.of Gawthorp. Assheton of Cuer- 
dale. 



Roger Nowell, Esq.=pMrs. Lonsdale, of 



of Althara Hall, 
CO. Lancaster, 3rd 
son. 



High Ripley. 



Mabel, dau. and=pSir Thomas Ffar- 



coheir "of George 
Benson, Esq. of 
Hyndhill, co. 
Westmoreland. 



rington, 
son. 



eldest 



Margaret Worrel.=pWilliam Ffarring- 
ton,Esq.of Shawe 
Hall, 1636. 



A dau. of Edward^William Ffarring- 



Fleetwood, Esq. 
of Penwortham. 



ton, Esq.of Shawe 
Hall, will dated 
20 Feb. 1672. 



Elizabeth Whit-^GeorgeFfarrington 
more, of Thirsing- Esq. of Shawe 



more, of Thirsing- 
ton, CO. Chester. 



Elizabethj dau. of^William Ffarring- 




Dr. James Rufine 
of Bologne 



ton, Esq, of Shawe 
Hall, b. 1675. 



sole heir of John 
Bradshaw, Esq. 
of Pennington. 

1 I 

Mary Nowell, dau. and=pJames Ffarrington, Esq. 

heir. | b. 1733, 2nd son. 
I 



Margaret, dau, and^George Ffarrington 
Esq. of Shawe 
Hall, b. 1696. 



William Ffarrington, Esq. of=pHannah,dau. of John Matthews, 



Shawe Hall, now called Wor- 
den Hall, s. his uncle in the 
estates, d. 13 June, 1837. 



Esq, of Tynemouth. 



Jamrs flotDclI jFfarringtoii, Esq. of Worden, 

CO, Lancaster, J, P. D.L, &c., 19th in direct 
descent from Edward III. King of England, 
and 25th, from Gundred, dau. of Willum 
the Conqueror. 



Susan Maria. Mary Hannah. 



PEDIGREEX XIII. 



IReD* IPierce William ^tz\^. 



©sbornc Irc- 



r 



-Aveline, sister of Gun- 
nora, Duchess of Nor- 
mandy, great-grand- 
mother of the Con- 
queror. 



HughdeLaci,= 
employed in 
the conquest 

of Ireland, un- 
der Hen. II. 



:The dau. of the 
King of Con- 
naught. 



Walter Giffard, lst=T=Agnes, dau. of Gerard 



by Agatha, 
dau. of Ro- 
bert de Fer- 
rers, 4 th 
Earl of 
Derby. 



w aiier ijmara, isi-p^gues, uau. ui »jt;rar 
Earl of Buckingham. I Flaitel, feudal Baron 

1 

Richard Fitz Gilbert,=f=Rohais, or Robese. 
who came with the 
Conqueror into Eng- 
land. 



T 



Walter. =r=Margaret de 
Braose. 

I ' 

Gilbert de Laci,=plsabel, dau. of 



who d. in his fa- 
ther's lifetime. 



Joan.=rlLEtocImc, 

Prince of 
Wales. 



Gilbert de Tone-=j=Adeliza, dau. of the 
bruge. Earl of Cleremont. 

, 1 



Maude de Laei.- 



Ralph Bigod 3rd 
son of Hugh, 3rd 
Earl of Norfolk, 
eldest son of Ro- 
ger Bigod, by Isa- 
bel, dau, of Hame- 
line Plantagenet, 
brother of Hen- 
ry II. 

=Peterde Genera, 
Governor of 
Windsor Castle. 



Gilbert de Clare, 2d son=^Elizabeth, sister 



of Gilbert de Tonebruge, 
and brother of Richard 
de Clare, 1st Earl of 
Hertford. 



of Waleran, Earl 
of Mellent. 



Geoffrey de ^Dau. of 

Genevill, 

Lord of Trim 

in Ireland. 



Ralf de=T=Gladuse, or 
Morti- Gladys, dau. 
mer. ofHetDEltne, 
Prince of 
ALL Wales. 



IStclftatlr, Earl: 
Strongbow. 



=Eva, dau. of Der- 
motM'MuiTough, 
King of Ireland. 



I 

Peter de Ge-^ 

nevill. 



U- 



William Marshall,=j=Isabel de Clare, sole 
Earl of Pembroke, heiress. 



William de Braose.=^Eva. 



n 



Roger de Mortimer.=pMaud. 

I 



Sir Edmund Mortimer, Lord of Wigmore.=y=Margaret, dau. of Sir 

W. de Fandles. 

1 I 

Roger Mortimer, 2nd Baron Wigmore,=^Joan de Geneville. 



-Joane, dau. of 
Hugh le Brune, 
Earl of 
lesme. 



Ango- 



created Earl of March. 



r- 



J 



Elizabeth.=pSir Richard Prideaux, of Orcharton. 
1 



Sir JeofFrey Prideaux.=T=Isabella, dau. of William Montacute, Earl of Salisbury, 

and King of the Isle of Man, and Catherine, dau of 
Otho de Grandison, cousin german to the Emperor of 
Constantinople, King of Hungary, and Duke of Bavaria. 



Sir Piers Prideaux.=^Joan, dau. of Sir William Bigbury. 

I ' 

Sir Ralph Prideaux.=T=Elizabeth, dau. and heir of Sir Walter Treverbin. 

I ' 

Sir Roger Prideaux.=pElizabeth, dau. and heir of Sir John Clifford. 

^ I 



Sir Roger, of Orcharton. John.=^Joan, dau. and coheir of Gilbert de Adeston. 

Giles Prideaux.=j=Daughter and coheir of John de Goneton, or Gunston. 
John Prideaux.=T=Amy, dau. and heir of Robert French, Esq. of Sharp- 



..-J-. 
I ham, in Devon 



r" 
a 



lact), Pierce 223nuam Dretti. 



PEDIGREE XIII. 



a 



Joan, dau. and coheir. =T=William Drew, Esq. of Sharpham. 



William Drew, Esq. of Drewscliffe,=T=Joan, dau. and heir of Matthew Worsford, Esq. 
Hayne, and Sharpham. ( 

r- ^ 

Henry Drew, Esq. of Drewscliffe,^Daugliter of 

Hayne, and Sharpham. 



William Drew, Esq.=pDaughter of 



J^ 



Thomas Drew, Esq. of DrewscliflFe,=f Eleonora, dau. and heir of William Huckraore, of 



Hayne, and Sharpham. 



T 



Buchite, Devon. 



Richard Drew, Esq. of Drewscliife,= 
and Hayne. 



.J 



Daughter of — Edward Drew, Esq. Serjeant at Law, 
to Queen Elizabeth ; succeeded by his 
son, Sir Thomas Drew, Knt., and now 
represented by Edward Drew, Esq. of 
the Grange, Devon. 



John Drew, Esq. 
and Hayne. 



of Drewscliflfe, -rJoan, dau. of — Williams, Esq. of Ivesbridge. 



Richard Drew, Esq., ?«. Ma- 
tilda, dau. and heir of John 
Farr, Esq. of Ashburton,and 
had issue. 



Francis Drew, Esq. who went= 
to Ireland, a Captain in Queen 
Elizabeth's army, and settled 
at Meanus, co. Kerry. 



^Susannah, dau. of Leonard 
Knowel, Esq. of Ballygally, 
CO. Waterford, his 2nd wife. 



John Drew, Esq. of Meanus and= 
Kilwinney. 

■ , 

Francis Drew, Esq., son and heir. 



=Margaret, dau. of the Very Rev. Robert Naylor, brother of 
Joan, mother of Richard Boyle, 1st Earl of Cork. 



J 



Rebecca, dau. of Samuel Pomeroy, Esq. of Pallice, co. 
Cork. 



Margaret Drew, sole dau. and heir.=T=John Drew, Esq., 2nd son of Larry Drew, Esq. of 

I Drewscourt, co. Limerick. 



Francis Drew, Esq. M.D., of Meanus, Rockfield,= 
and Listry, co. Kerry, and of BallydufF, Water- 
park, and Mocollup Castle, co. Waterford. 



^Arabella, dau. and coheir of Colonel 
Godfrey, of Bushfield, now Kilcoleman 
Abbey, co. Kerry. 



John Drew, Esq. of=^Alicia, eldest dau. of Pierce 



Meanus, and Frog- 
more, near Youghal, 
CO. Cork. 



Power, Esq. of Aflane, co, 
Waterford, descended from 
the Lords Poer, of Curragh- 



more. 



The Rev. ^trrrc=pElizabeth, dau. 



31S3m. DrrtD, of 
the Strand 

House, Youghal, 
inter alios. 



and sole heir of 
Thomas Oliver, 
Esq. of the city 
of Cork. 



Francis, of=FEmily 
Mocollup Boyd. 
Castle. 

I ' r 

Francis.=y01ivia Barry Drew,: 
I Ross. Esq. of 
~J Flower 

Hill, CO. 
Water- 
ford. 



Barry.=T=Julia 

Hewson. 



has issue. 



Olivia Ma-:^James Barry, Esq. 
ria.sole sur- of Ballyclough, the 
viving child head of the most 
and heir of ancient branch of 
MocoUop the great house of 
Castle. Barry, in Ireland. 



=Jane,dau. 

of Arthur 

Baker, 

Esq. of 

Ballyheary 

House, CO. 

Dublin, 

and has 

issue. 



Notel. The Drews of the Strand House Youghal, co.Cork, and of Mocollup Castle, co.Water- 
ford, claim descent in blood, through the Pomeroys (See Rebecca Pomeroy, m. to Francis 
Drew, Esq.) from King Henry I., whose dau. by Adela, dau. of Sir Robert Corbet, tn. Joel 
de la Pomerai, the ancestor of the great family of Pomeroy in England. 

Note 2. The Rev. Pierce William Drew, of the Strand House, Youghal, claims descent from 
King Edward I., by his (Mr. Drew's) mother Alicia, dau. of Pierce Power, of Atfane, co. 
Waterford, Esq., a descendant of Sir Pierce le Poer, 2nd son of Richard, Lord le Poer, and 
Catherine, dau. of Pierce, 8th Earl of Ormond. 

Note 3. The " Stirp " (as Prince expresses himself), of this whole family was Dreiv or Drogo, 
2nd son of William De Ponz or Ponce, 2nd son of Richard, Duke of Normandy, great-grand- 
father of William the Conqueror. They consequently derive from one ancestor with the 
illustrious Cliffords. — (See Drew pedigree registered in College of Arms, Dublin. See New 
Edition of Burke's Peerage (Barony de Clifford), and supplement to the Landed Gentry, Sfc. ^c. 



PEDIGREE XIV. 



iRet), IPietce milliam Dretii* 



<!?litoai"& I.=pEleanor, of Castile. 

I ' 

Elizabeth.=T=Humplirey de Bohun, 4th, Earl of Hereford 
I and Exeter. 



Eleanor, 2nd dau.=FJames Butler, 1st Earl of Ormonde. 



James, 2nd Earl of Ormonde.-pEIizabeth, dau. of Sir John Darcy, Lord Chief 

Justice of Ireland. 






James, 3rd Earl.=T=Anne, dau. of Lord Wells. 

4th Earl. Sir Richard Butler, of Polestown,=^Catherine, dau. of O'Reilly, Lord 

of Cavan. 



sir rvicnara uuuer, oi jroit;si,owu,-r-\. 
CO. Kilkenny. j c 

I 
Sir Edmund Butler.=T=Dau. of 



Sir James.=FSabina, dau. of Donald Cavanagh, Prince 
I of his Sept. 



Pierce Butler, -who succeeded as 8th=f=Margaret, 2nd dau. of Gerard, 8th Earl of 
Earl of Ormonde. 



ii-r-J^^rargaret 
1 Kildare. 



r 

Helen, youngest dau.=pDonogh, 2nd Earl of Thomond. 

Connor, or Cornelius O'Brien, 3rd Earl=T=Ownye, dau. of Tm-logh Mac-i-Brien Ara. 
of Thomond. 

I 

Donogh O'Brien, 4th Earl of Thomond.=^Ellen, or (Any), dau. of Maurice, Visct. Fermoy. 

I 

The Lady Margaret O'Brien, only dau.=pCormac McCarthy, son and heir of Lord Muskerry. 

Julia McCarthy, inter alias.=pSir Valentine Browne, of Mohaliffe and Ross, co. 

Kerry, Knt. Julia McCarthy was his 2nd wife. 



Catherine Browne, inter alias.=pCapt. Downing,* who being ordered by Sir Wm. 

St. Leger, to defend the castle of Doneraile, did 
so with the gi-ealest bravery. 



I 
John Downing Esq.=f=. . Maunsell. 

Rev. Richard Downing.=FDeborah Godfrey. 

I 

Elizabeth Downing, heiress.=pWiIlia;n Godfrey, Esq. of Bushfield (now Kil- 

culeman Abbeyj, co. Kerry. 



Arabella Godfrey, sole heiress, leav-=T=Francis Drew, Esq. M.D,, Mocollup Castle, 
ing issue. co. Waterfoid. 

I ' 1 1 

John Drew, Esq. of=j=Alicia, dau. of Pierce Francis, who suc~pEniilia Barry.=r=Julia 



Meanus, co. Kerry. 



Power, Esq. of Afl'ane, ceeded at Mocol- 
co. Waterford. lup Castle. 



Boyd. 



Hew- 

son. 



Rev.|[)icrce312ililliajn=Elizabeth, dau. and Francis.=T=01ivia Ross. Barry .=Jane dau. of 

DrcUt, of Strand sole heir of Thomas | ' Arthur Baker, 

House, Youghal, Oliver, Esq. of the Olivia = James Barry, Esq. Esq. of Bally- 
inter alios. city of Cork ; has Maria of Ballyclough, re- heary House, 
issue. Drew, presenting the most co. Dublin; 
sole ancient house of has issue, 
heiress. Barry, in Ireland. 



The Downings claim descent, through the Wingfields, from King Henry III. 



3lames malkzt, OB^q. 



PEDIGREE XV. 



J^enrg H5. King of^Eleanor, dau. and coheir of Ray- 
England, mond Bercngcr, Count of Province. 

I ' 1 

Edward I. King=f^Margaret, dau. of Edmund, Earl=^Blanche, Queen 



Kotcrt Unirc. 

King of Scotland. 



of England. 



Philip III. King of Lancaster. 
of France. 



Dowager of 
Navarre. 



T 



Edmund Piantagenet=pMargaret, sister Henry, Earl=pMaud,dau. and 



surnamed "of Wood- 
stock" Earl of Kent, 
2nd son. 



r 



and heir of 
Thomas, Lord 
Wake. 



of Lancaster. 



heir of Sir Pa- 
trick Chaworth. 



M argery=j=Wal t cr, 
Lord 
High 
Steward 
of Scot- 
land. 



3rd husband,=f=Joan Plantagenet,= 



Edward the 

Black 

Prince. 



r 



the Fair Maid of 
Kent, m. William 
Montacute. Earl of 
Salisbury. 



Fitz Alan 
Earl of 
Arundel. 



Scotland. 



:2d husband. Lady Eleanor^Richard Robert IL King of 
Sir Thomas Plantagenet - ■ 
de Holland, widow of 
K.G., Lord John Lord 
Holland. Beaumont. 



King Richard H. 



Thomas de Holland, 2nd^Lady Alice Fitz Alan. Robert III. King 
Earl of Kent. | of Scotland. 



Lady Margarel=plst, John Beaufort, Marquess of=2nd, Thomas Plantagenet, 
Holland, 2nd Dorset, son of John of Gaunt, Duke of Clarence, son of 
dau. and even- Duke of Lancaster, by Katherme Henry IV. 
tual coheir. Swynford. 



Lady Joan Beaufort, eldest dau.=f=JAM£s I. King of Scotland 



James H. King of Scotland.=f=Mary, dau. of Arnold, Duke of Gelders. 



_T 



The Princess Mary relict of Thomas Boyd, Earl of Arran.=T=Jame9, Lord Hamilton. 

I 

John Hamilton, Earl of Arran and Lord of Bothwell.^Janet, dau. of Sir David Beaton, 

I of Crick. 
, I 

James, 2nd Earl of Arran and Duke of Chatelherault.^Lady Margaret Douglas, eldest 

dau. of James, 3rd Earl of Morton. 

Lady Margaret Hamilton, eldest dau.=lst, Alexander, Lord Gordon.^2nd, James, Lord 

Fleming. 



Jane Fleming, only dau. and heir of James,=FSir John Maitland, created Baron Maitland, 



Lord Fleming. 



of Thirlcstanc, 1590. 



John Maitland, Earl of Lauderdale, d. in 1645.=plsabel, dau. of Alexander, Earl of Dun- 
fermline. 



John Maitland, Duke of Lauderdale, d. in 1682.=f=Anne, sister and coheir of James, 2nd 

Earl of Home. 

Lady Anne Maitland, only child and heiress, ?/i.=T=John, 2nd Marquess of Tweeddale, Lord 
in 16G6. I Chancellor of Scotland, d. in 1713. 



Lord William Hay, of Newhall, Brig. General .^Margaret, only child of John Hay, Esq. of 
3rd son. I Limplum. 

I • 

Rd. Hay Newton, Esq. of Ncwion, co. Haddington, d. in 177G.=pAnne, dau. of John Stuart. 

I ' — ^ 

Jane Hay Newton, youngest dau.=y=James Walker, Esq. of Dairy, Mid Lothian. 

I 1 ' — 1 1 1 , 

Sir Francis J}jjnif6 ^JLJalUcr,— Lilli>is, youngest dau. Jane=T=J. Hope, Anne. Helen. 



Walker Drum- Esq. now of Dal- 
mond, Bart, of ry. 
Hawthornden. 



of Rhodcrick Macken- 
zie, of Scotsbun. 



Esq. of 

Wardie 

Lodge, Mid 

Lothian. 



J.aines, and three dans. 



PEDIGREE XVI. 



(iBDtoarn Dale, <B^(i, 



512iintam, Duke of Normandy, the Con-=i=Ma*alda, dau. of Baldwin V. Earl of 
queror of England. I Flanders. 

Gundreda, 5th dau., d. 23 May, lU05.=f William de Warren, Earl of Warren and 

Surrey, d. 2i June, 1088. 



William de W^arren, Earl of Warren -pElizabeth, dau. of Hugh the Great, Earl of 
and Surrey, d. 1 1.38. | Vermandois, relict of Robert de Mellent. 

William de Warren, Earl of Warren^Ella, dau. of Robert, Earl of Belesme. 



William de warren, *!-ari oi vv arreii-p 
and Surrey, &c. d. 1147. 



Isabella, only child and heir, m. lst,Wil-^Hameline Plantagenet, natural son of 
liam de Blois, who d. s.p. Geoffrey, Earl of Anjou, in right of his 

wife, Earl of Warren and Surrey, d. 7 
May, 1202. 

,^___ . . 

Ella, dau. of Hameline, Earl of Warren=f Sir William JFitz \Villiam, of Sprots- 
and Surrey. 



borough, CO. York, Knt. a.d. 1208. 



Sir Thomas Fitz William^ of Sprotsbo^Agnes, dau. of Robert Bertram, Baron of 
rough, Knt. only son, a.d. 1244. Mitford, and his coheir. 

Sir William Fitz William, of Sprotsbo-=f Agnes, dau. of Richard, Lord Grey, of 



5ir wiiuam riiz vv uiiamj vi kspruisuu— p/i^nco, u 
rough, Knt. eldest son, A.D. 1280. Codnor. 

I 1 I -, , , 



Sir William Fitz William, of Sprotsbo-=pMaud, dau, of Edward, Lord Dynecourt. 
rough, Knt. summoned to parliament as 
a Baron, 1 Edward IIL 1 



Elizabeth, dau. of William, Lord Fitz=i=Sir Thomas Musgrave, of Hartley Castle, 
William. co. Westmoreland, Knt. 

Sir Richard Musgrave, of Hartley Castle,=f:Elizabeth, d. 12 Feb. 1419. 
Knt. 

Sir Thomas Musgrave, Knt. of Hartley=T=Joan, dau. of Lord Dacre. 
Castle, son and heir. 

Elizabeth, dau. of Sir Thomas Musgrave,=FHenry Wharton, of Wharton, co. West- 
Knt, moreland, Esq. living 10 Henry V. 

Gilbert Wharton, Esq. 2nd son.=^Joan, dau. and sole heir of Kirkby, of 

Kirkby Thore, co. Westmoreland, Esq. 



John Wharton, Esq. of Kirkby Thorc.=r=Isabella, dau. of John Lancaster, Esq. of 



I 
Christopher Wharton Esq. 2dson.=j= 



Brampton, co. Cumberland. 



Christopher Wharton, Esq.=pMargaret Condray. 



George Wharton, Esq. of Newton W^allis.=T=Mary, dau. of Ewen Gilpin, and sister of 

Bernard Gilpin, Esq. 

I '- ' 

Christopher Wharton, Esq. of Wingate=pAlice, dau. of William Shippcrdson, Esq. 

Grange, co. Durham. [ of Bishop Wearmouth, co. Durham. 

Elizabeth, dau. and coheir of Christopher=pGeorge Middleton, Esq. of Silksworlh, co 



Wharton, Esq- 



Durham, living 1G15, son of George 
Middleton, Esq. of Silksworth, and Gth 
in descent frum Sir John Middleton, 
Knt. of Belsay Castle, co. Northumber- 
land. 



r 
a 



OBDtoatt) Dale, OBsq, 



PEDIGREE XVI. 



a 



Gilbert Middleton, Esq. of Silks\vorth,=f:Elizabeth, eldest dau. of Thomas Heath, 



son and heir, buried 7 Sept. 1655. 



Esq. of Kebyr Grange, co. Durham, m. 
30 Oct, 1625. 



George Middleton, Esq. of Silksworth,=T=Anne, sole child and heir of Thomas Ayre, 



eldest son and heir. 



Esq. of Bishop Wearmouth. 



JL 



Thomas Dale, Esq.= 
of Tunstall, co. 
Durham, buried 19 
Nov.1741, 2nd son 
of Edward Dale, 
Esq. of Tunstall, 
(and Joan Ship- 
perdson, his wife) 
and descended 
from Dale, of Dal- 
ton. 



-Margaret, youngest 
dau. and coheir of 
George Middleton, 
Esq. of Silksworth, 
7)1. 20 Nov. 1713, 
buried 24 Dec. 
1734. 



The Rev. ^Frances, Elizabeth,eld.=pWilliani 



Robert 
Henderson 
Vicar of 
Felton, CO. 
Northum- 
berland. 



2nd dau. 
and coh. 
of George 
Middle- 
ton, Esq. 



dau. and coh. 
of George Mid- 
dleton, Esq. of 
Silksworth. 



Ettrick, 
Esq. who 
purchased 
the Silks- 
worth 
estate. 



Margaret,=7=Thomas Robin- 
eld, dau. son,Esq. of Sun- 
and coh. derland, co. Dur- 
ham. 



Edward Dale, Esq.-p 
of Tunstall, bap. 
1718, buried 15 
June, 1753. 



■Eleanor, eldest 
dau. of the Rev. 
John Lawrence 
Rector of Bishop 
Wearmouth, ??i. 
25 June, 1741. 



Margaret,: 
dau. and 
coheir. 



Edward Dale, Esq.^ 
of Tunstall, bapt. 
17 July, 1752, 
bur. March, 1826. 



I 

■Frances, dau. and heir 

of Francis Forster,Esq. 
of Elfordjburied, March 
1816. 



^Francis Fors- 
ter, Esq. of 
Elford and Fel- 
ton, CO. Nor- 
thumberland. 



Anne, eldest^ 
dau. of Thos. 
Robinson, 
Esq. 



Chipchase 
Grey, Esq. 

ofSunder- 
land. 



Thomas Robinson Grey,=T=Elizabeth, dau. 



of Norton, co. Durham, 
Lieut. Col. in the Army. 



Mabella,dau. and= 
coheir of Sir 

Christopher 
Knight, of Lim- 
erick, d.s.p. 
1810, 1st wife. 



=i£DtoartrDalf, EsQ.^ 

of Tunstall, eldest 
son and heir, b. 5 
Aug. 1779. 



-Mary, dau. 
of the Rev. 
W. J. Wil- 
ton. 



I 

"William Robinson= 

Grey, Esq. of Silks- 
worth, 3d but 2d sur- 
viving son, assumed 
by Royal License, 22 
Sept. 1838, the sur- 
name and arms of 
Robinson, in lieu of 
Grey. 



of Thos. Hogg, 
Esq. of Dur- 
ham. 

^Sarah Dorothy, 
eldest and only 
surviving dau. 
of Wm. Grey, 
Esq. of Siock- 
ton-upon-Tees. 



pedigre:e XVII. 



l^zm^ 3lamc!5 ^bcltion, OBsq. 



drUtoartr Mi- King of=f Pliilippa, dau. of William 
England, d. 1377. 



i-T-l II 

Eel 



Earl of Hainault. 



Edward, Prince 
of Wales, com- 
monly called 
the Black 
Prince, father 

of 1?ICH.\RD II. 



Lionel, of^pLady Elizabeth 
Antwerp, de Burgh, dau. 
Duke of and heiress of 
Clarence, William, Earl 
Earl of of Ulster. 1st 
Ulster. wife, m. in 1352. 



John of Isabel, young-- 
Gaunt, est dau. and 
Duke of coheir of Pe- 
Lancas- ter. King of 
ler. Earl Castile, and 
of Rich- Leon. 1st wife, 
mond, 
father of 
Hen. IV. 



Philippa Plan-=T=Edmund Mortimer, 3rd Earl of March, 



tagenet, only 
child and heir- 



ess. 



lineally derived from the marriage of 
Ralph, Lord Mortimer, of Wigmore, 
with the Princess Gwyladys, dau. of 
Llewelyn ap lorwerth, Prince of North 
Wales. 



Lady Eliza- 
beth Morti- 



mer. 



Roger Morti-=y=Eleonora, dau. of Thomas, 
mer, 4th Earl Earl of Kent. 
of March, eld. 
son, d. 1398. 



■Edmund 
Langley, 
Duke of 
York and 
Earl of 
Cam- 
bridge. 



Thomas 
of Wood- 
stock, 
Duke of 
Glouces- 
ter, and 
Constable 
of Eng- 
land, 
1379. 



Edmund, 5th 
Earl of March, 
d.s.p. 1424. 



Anne Mortimer,=pRichard Plantagenet, Earl 



only dau. and 
heir. 



of Cambridge, only surviv- 
ing son. 



Hichard Plantagenet, Duke of York, Protector of =T=CeciIy, dau. of Ralph Ne- 



England, only son, fell at the battle of Wakefield, 
1460. 



ville. Earl of Westmore- 
land. 



I 1 1 1 1 ^2 ' ' , , 

Edward Edmond, George,=^Isabel, Richard Anne Plan--j-Sir Thos. Margaret Elizabeth, 

dau. & III. King tagenet, ?h 
heir of of Eng- 1st, Henry 
Rich. land. Holland, 
Neville, Duke of 

Earl of Exeter. 

^KWarwick. 



IV. king Earl of Duke of 

of Eng- Rutland, Clar- 

land, d. slain at rence, 

9 April, Wake- put to 

1483. field,aged death, 

=F 12. 1477 



T 



St.Leger, m. Chas. m. John 
Knt. iheBold, de la Pole, 

Duke of Duke of 
Bur- Suffolk. 

gundy. 



The Princess Elizabeth, m. King 
Henry VII. : hence her present 
Majesty, Queen Victoria. 



Anne, dau. and heir of=pSir George Manners, Lord 
Sir Thos. St. Leger. Ross, d. in 1513. 



The Honourable Catherine Manners.=pSir Robert Constable, of Everingham. 

Sir Marmaduke Constable, Knt. of Eve-=T=Janc, dau. of Christopher, Lord Conyers, 
ringham, d. 1574. of Hornby. 

I ' 

Sir Philip Constable, Knt. of Evering-^f^Margaret, dau. of Sir Robert Tyrwhitt. 
ham. I 



Marmaduke Constable, Esq. of Eve-=f Frances, dau. of Thomas MetUam, Esq. 



ringham, High Sheriff of Yorkshire 
in 1590, d. in 1632. 



of Mclham, co. York. 



Sir Philip Constable, Bt. of Evcringham,=f=Anne, only dau. of Sir William Roper, of 
d. in IGGl. Ellham. 

I ^ 

Catherine Constable, d. in lG81.=pEdward Sheldon, Esq. of Steeple Barton, 

I d. 1G7G. 

I 1 

a 



©enrp 3lames ^ftelDon, OBsq. pkdigree 



XVII. 



a 



Ralph Sheldon, Esq. of Weston and=T=Mary-Anne, dau. of John Elliot. Esq.2d 



Beoly, at. in 1720. 



son of Humphrey Elliot, Esq. of Galaker 
Park, CO Salop. 



Edward Sheldon, Esq. of Weston, d. in=f=Elizabeth, dau. of Sir John Shelley, Bt. 
1746. I of Mitchell Grove, Sussex. 



William Sheldon, Esq. of Weston, rf.=pMargaret Frances Disney, dau. of James 
in 1780. Rooke, Esq. of Bigsware, co. Gloucester, 

d. in 1776. 



Ralph Sheldon, Esq. of Weston, M.P.=^Jane, eldest dau. of Admiral Francis Hol- 

bourne, of Menstrie. 



Edward Ralph Charles Sheldon, Esq.^Marcella, only child of Thomas Meredith 



of Brailes House, co. Warwick, M.P. 
for that shire, h. 2 March, 1782, d. 
11 June, 1836. 



Winstanlcy, Esq. of Lissen Hall, co. 
Dublin. 



J^eiiry .^amcs S^Ddtlon. Esq. now of Brailes House, 6. 12 Sept. 1823, 
17th in direct descent from Edward 111. King of England. 



PEDIGREE XVIII. 



Cboma0 ^pnors iBasfecttiiUe, (Bm* WW- 

Omunlt Eronsilrc, Edmund, the Exile, son=pAgalha, dau. of 



Saxon King of Eng- 
land, d. 1017. 



of Edmund Ironside, d 
1057. 



the Emperor 
Henry III. 



King of Scotland, slain 
1093 

William, King of Eng-=^Maud, dau. of Baldwin 



Malcolm Canmore III.=i=St. Margaret, sister and heir of 



land, called the Con- 
queror, d. ] 086, buried 
at Caen, in Normandy. 



r 



v.. Count of Flanders, 
buried in the Holy Tri- 
nity, at Caen, in Nor- 
mandy, 



Edgar Atheling, heir to the 
Saxon Kings of England. 



Henry I. King of=pMaud, dau. of Malcolm Can- William de Warren,=f=Gundreda, 5thdau. 



England, d. 2 Dec. 
1135. 



more. King of Scotland, d. 
1 May, 1118. 



Earl of Surrey, d. 
1088, buried in 
Lewes Priory. 



of King William 
the Conqueror, d. 
1085. 



Geoffrey, Earl of-pMaud the Empress, m. 3 April William de Warren,-pEIizabeth, dau. of 



Anjou, d. 1127. 



1127, d. at Rouen, 10 Sept. Earl of Warren and 
1167, buried in the Abbey of Surrey, d.May,1138, 
Bee, in Normandy. buried at Lewes. 



Hugh the Great, 
Earl of Verman- 
dois. 



Henry II., King-T-Eleanor, eldest dau. and heir 
of England, d. 7 of William, Duke of Aqui- 



William de Warren,-pElva, dau. of Wil 



July, 1189, in the 
!J7th year of his 
reign. 

John,' King of - 
England, d. 19 
Oct. 1216,bur. in 
Croxton Abbey. 



taine, d. 2G June, 1202. 



-Isabel, dau. of Aymor, Earl of 
Angoulesme, buried in Anjou. 



Earl of Warren and 
Surrey ,rf. in the Cru- 
sades, going to Jeru- 
salem, 1148. 

Hamlyn Plantage- = 
net, Earl of Warren 
and Surrey, in right 
of his wife. 



liam. Earl of Tan- 
giers, d. 1 174. 



Henry III. King-pEleanor, 2nd dau. and coheir 



of England, d. 
1272. 



of Raymond, Earl of 
vence. 



Pro- 



William Plantage- = 
net. Earl of Warren 
and Surrey, d. 1239. 



Edward I. King-pEleanor, dau. of 



of England, d. 
July, 1307. 



r" 



Ferdinand, King 
of Castile and 
Leon. 



The Princess Joan=^Gilbert de Clare, 
of Acres, dau. of ~ 
Edward 1. 



r 



Earl of Glouces- 
ter. 



Edmund Plan- 
tagenet. Earl of 
Lancaster. 

Henry Planta- 
genet. Earl of 
Lancaster. 



John, Earl of=p 
Warren and 
Surrey. 



^Isabel, dau. and 
sole heir of Wil- 
liam, Earl of War- 
ren and Surrey. 

^Maud, dau. and 
coheir of William 
Marshal, Earl of 
Pembroke. 

:Alice, dau. of Hugh 
le Brun, Earl of 
March and Angou- 
leme. 



William,(^.i'.;9.=f:Joan, dau. of Ro- 
bert, Earl of Ox- 
ford. 



Eleanor, eldest =T=Hugh Le De- 



dau. and coheir of 
Gilbert de Clare. 



spencer. Earl of 
Gloucester. 



Alice, sister and=pEdmund Fitzalan, 



heir of John de 

Warren, Earl of 

Warren& Surrey. 



Lord of Clun, son 
of Richard, Earl 
of Arundel. 



Sir Edmund 
Despencer 
2nd son 



Le=y=Anne, dau. of Henry 
Lord Ferrers, of Groby. 



, Knt. 



Eleanor, 5th dau.=T=l{ichard Fitzalan, 
~ ' ~ Earl of Arundel 
and Surrey. 



of Henry, Earl of 
Lancaster 



Edward, Lord Le^ 
Despencer, d. 39 
Edward III. 



T 



Elizabeth, sole dau. and 
heir of Bartholomew, 
Lord Burghersh, 



Sir John Fitzalan,=j=Eleanor, dau. and 



younger son. 



heir of John, 
Maltravers. 



Lord 



Margaret, dau. oP 
Sir Edward Le 
Despencer. 
I ■ — ■ 



Robcrl, Lord Ferrers, of 

oby. 



— plVl. 

Gr 



Elizabeth, dau. ol^John Fitzalan, Lord 
Maltravers, d. 12 
Henry VI. 



Sir Edward 
Despencer. 



Le 



a 



Cftomas a9i?not0 T5askett)illc, (2Bsq, 6^.p» pedigree xvm 

b 



a 



Edmund, Lord For- ^Eleanor, cousin and Sir Richard Fitzalan, Knt. 



rers, of Groby, d. 14 
Henry VI, 



William, Lord FcTrers,= 
of Chartley, d. 23 Hen. 
VI. 

I 

Anne, dau. and heir of; 

William, Lord Ferrers, 

of Chartley. 



I — 



heir of John Bir- 
mingham. 

^Elizabeth, dau. of 
Hamon Belknap. 



:Walter Dcvercux, 
Lord Ferrers, of 
Chartley. 



Eleanor, dau. and co-=pSir Thos. Willough- 



heir. 



by, Knt., 2nd son of 
William. Lord WiU 
loughby do Eresby. 



Sir Robt. Willoughby,=pCicely, 2nd dau. of 



Sibell, dau. of Walter=f^ir James Basker- 



Knt,, d. 1465. 



Devereux, Lord Fer- 
rers, of Chartley. 



ville, Knt. ofErdis- 
ley. Sheriff of Here- 
fordshire, 38 Henry 
VL, 4 Edward IV., 
14 Henry VII. 



Lionel, Lord Welles. 



A quibus, P.R. Mynors, Esq. of Treago, as in 
the sequel. 



SirWalter Baskerville,=pAnne, dau. of Mor- =^Elizabeth, dau. of Henry ap Milo ap Harry, 



of Erdisley, KB. 
4 Sept. 1505. 



d. 



gan ap Jenkin ap 
Philip, of Pencoyd, 
1st wile. 



of Poston, 2nd wife. 



Sir James Baskcrville,=^Elizabeth, dau. and SimonBaskerville, Sth^^Elizaheth, dau. of 



Knt. of Erdisley, d. 13 
Nov. 1546. 



coheirof JohnBreyn- 
ton, Esq. 



son, d. 1602. 



HumphreyBaskerville, ^Eleanor, dau. and 



Esq. of Aberedow and 
Lambedr, co. Here- 
ford, 5th son. 



heir of John ap Gwil- 
lim, of Aberedow and 
Lambedr. 



Geo. Baskerville, Esq.= 
of Tewkesbury, 3rd 
son. 



Brand, of Wanbo- 
rough. 

:Eleanor, dau. of 
Quarles. 



J 



John Baskerville, Esq.-pSarah, dau. of Thos. Thomas Baskerville,=j=Joan Lor, m. about 



of Aberedow, only son. 



J 



Thomas Baskerville, 
Esq. of Lambedr, a.d. 
1610. 



J 



Lewis, Esq. of Harp- 
ton, CO. Radnor, liv- 
ing a widow, 1610. 

■Eleanor.dau. of John 
Lewis Esq. of Lan- 
wenny. 



Esq. of Richardston, 
2nd son. J. P. for Wilts, 
d. 14 July, 1620. 



1601. 



Francis Baskerville, -pMargaret, dau. of 



Jas. Baskerville, Esq.^Dorothy, dau. of Da- 
of Aberedow and Lam- vid Blaney, of Kins- 
bedr. ham. 

Jas. Baskerville, Esq.=T=Elizabeth, dau. of 
of Aberedow, living Edward Griffin, Esq. 



Esq. of Richardston, 
3d son and heir, 6. Nov. 
1615, m. April, 1635. 



Sir John Glanville, 
of Broad Hinton. 



Thomas Baskerville, =f=Mary, dau. of Rich- 
Esq, of Richardston, ard Jones, of Han- 
d. 12 Feb. 1718, aged ham. 
78, 



1686. 



Thos. Baskerville,Esq.=T=Sybell, dau. of — 
- I Collins, Esq. 



of Aberedow & Bry 
coyn 



CjSq.-T-i 



of 



Bryngwyn. 



Richard Baskerville, : 
Esq. of Richardston, d. 
14 Sept. 1739. 



r 



-Jane, dau. of Sir 
William Gore, Knt. 
of Barrow. 



Thos. Baskerville, Esq.=j=Meliora, eldest dau. Thomas Baskerville, =j= Jane, dau. of George 



of Aberedow. 



r 



J 



of Richard Basker 
ville, Esq. of Rich 
ardston, Wilts. 



Esq. of Richardston. 



Baskerville, 



Philippa Baskerville,=^Rev. John Powell, of 
only dau, and heir, m. - — - 

1767. 



Penland, co. Rad- 
nor. 



Lieut. -Col. Thomas Baskerville, of Poulton 
House, Wilts, d.s.p. 1817, 



Meliora, only dau. and=^Peter Rickards Mynors, Esq. 
heiress. of Treago, co. Hereford, d. 1794. 



Peter Rickards 
Mynors, Esq. 
of Treago. 



Cfiomas IJaGUrrbtllr /tljjnovg UaGUrrbillf. 

Esq. of Clyrow Court, co. Radnor, M.P. for 
the CO. of Hereford. 



M.liora, m. in 1815. to H. H. 
Farmar, Esq. of Dunsincanc, 
CO. Wexford. 



PEDIGREE XIX. 



3loJ)n piumbe Cempcst, OB^q, 



iitltoarJl Hi. King of England.=pPhilippa, dau. of William, Earl of Hainault. 



Edward, Lionel.of Ant-=T=Lady Eli 



the Bl-ack werp, Duke of 
Prince. Clarence. 



zabelh de 
Burgh. 



John of Gaunt, 
Duke of Lan- 
caster. 



Edmund, -pisabel.dau. 



of Lang- 
ley, Duke 
of York. 



Philippa, only child and^^Edmund Mortimer, 
heiress. | Earl of March. 



Eliza-=pHenry Percy, 



beth. 



the renowned 
Hotspur. 



Roger Mortimer, Earl of March, d. 
1398, m. Eleanor, dau. of Thos. 
Earl of Kcnt.=p 
L 



Henrv Percy= 
2nd Earl of 
Northumber- 
land. 



.J 



=Eleanor Ne- 
ville, dau. of 
Ralph, 1st. 
Earl of West- 
moreland. 



1 

Elizabeth 

»2. Sir John 

Cllfibrd, 

Lord 

Cliflford. 



T" 



and coheir 
of Peter, 
King of 
Cas'.ile. 



Thomas of 
Woodstock, 

Duke of 
Gloucester, 
d. in 1377. 



Edmund ]Mor- 
timer, Earl of 
March, d.s.p. 
1424. 



Anne Mor-; 
timer, only 
dau. and 
eventual 
heiress. 



HenryPercy,= 
.3rd Earl of 
Northumber- 
land. 



=Eleanor 
Poynings. 



Thos. Lord= 
Clifford. 



:Joan Dacre 
dau. of Lord 
Dacre of 
Gillesland. 



r 



Richard Plantagenct, 
Earl of Cambridge, 
only surviving son. 



Richard Plantagenet- 
Duke ofYurk, Protec- 
tor of England, only 
Sun, full at Towton, 
1460. 



-Cecily, dau. of 
Ralph Neville, 
Earl of West- 
moreland. 



Henry Percy,= 
4th Earl of 
Northumber- 
land. 



r 



=Maud 
Herbert, 
dau. of 
the Earl 
of Pem- 
broke. 



John, Lord 
Clifford, m. 
Margaret, 
dau. & heir 
of Henry 
Lord Brom- 
flete. =p 

I 



Anne Plaiita-- 
genet, m. 1st. 
Henry Hol- 
land, Duke 
of Exeter. 



Henry Algernon, ^Catherine 
5th Earl of North- | Spencer, 
umberland. 



Henry, Lord Clif- 
ford, m. Anne St. 
John. =p 

.J 



=Sir Thos. 
St.Leger, 
Knt. 



Edward 
III.King 
of Eng- 
land. 



Rich- 
ard IV. 
King of 
England. 



Other 
issue. 



Anne St. Leger,=T=George Manners, 
dau. and heiress. Lord Ros. 



Lady Mar-^Henry Clifford, Earl 
garet Percy. | of Cumberland. 



T 



T 



Margaret m. Sir Cuth- 
bert Radclyffe. 

J 



I 

Lady Cathe- 
rine Man- 
ners. 



Sir Robert Con- 
stable, Knt. of 
Everingham. 



Lady Cathe- 
rine Clifford. 



=Sir Richard 
Cholmley. 



Jane, m. 
Sir John 
Forster- 



Sir Marmaduke=j=Jane, dau. of Christopher, 



Constable, Knt, 
of Everingham. 



Sir Henry: 
Cholmley, 
of Whitby. 



^Margaret, dau. 
of Sir William 
Bablhorpe. 



Sir Richard Cholm-=j=Susan 
ley, of Whitby, Legard. 
M.P. in 1620. I — — -, 



Lord Conyers, of Hornby. 



Katherine Con-^^^Sir Robert Stapylton, Knt. of 



stable. 



Wighill, High Sheriff of 
Yorkshire, 23 Eliz. 



Mary Forster.=FHenry Stapylton, Esq. of Wighill, co. 
York. 



Sir Henry Cholmley, of Newton Grange.=pKalherine Stapylton. 



Henrietta Cholmley, dau. and sole heir^j^Sir John Tempest, Bart, of Tong Hall, 
of Sir Henry Cholmley. 



Yorkshire. 



Sir George Tempest, 2d Bart, of Tong,=pAnne, dau. and heir of Edward Frank, 



d. in 1745. 



Esq. of Campsal. 



John Tempest, Esq. 3d son, Capt. in=j=Elizabeth, 4th dau. of William Scrim- 
Churchill's Dragoons. shire, Esq. of Cotgrave. 

r 



Elizabeth Tempest, who inherited Tong,=pThomas Plumbe, Esq. son and heir of 
and the representation of the family at I William Plumbe, Esq. of Wavertree 
the decease of her cousin Sir Henry Hall, and of Aughton, co. Lancaster. 
Tempest, Bart, in 1819. ' | 



5Jof)n Vlumbe Crmprst. Esq., now of Tong^Sarah, 2d dau. of the Rev. William Plumbe, 
Hall, CO. York, and Aughton, co. Lancaster, Rector of Aughton. 
1.5th in direct descent from Edward III. King L. 
of England. 



1 

Issue. 



^ir 3|o$epf) ^atole (Sraties ^atole. 



PEDIGREE XX. 



iSlltoarlr 5. King of England.=j=Eleanor, dau. of Ferdinand III. 

King of Castile. 



.-r-Ciie 

Kir 



Lady Elizabeth riantagenet.^Huniplirey de Bohun, Earl of 

Hereford and Essex. 

I ' 

Lady Margaret de Bohun, »j.=T=Hiigh de Courtcnay, 2nd Earl 



in 1325. 



T 



of Devon. 



Hugh, Baron Courtcnay ,=p 
K.G. I 

I ' 

Hugh Courtenay, m. Matilda, 
dau. of Thomas Hollands, 
Earl of Kent, by Joan Plan- 
tagenet, his wife, but d.s.jj. 



Edward Courtenay, of Godlington- 



Maud, dau. of Sir John=T=Sir Hugh Courtenay, 



Beaumont 



of Haccomb. 



Margaret, dau. and co.=pSir Hugh Courtenay, 

of Boconnock, slain 
at Tewkesbury. 



heir of Thos.Carminow. 



Edward Courtenay, Earl of Devon. 



Elizabeth, eventually coheir.=i=John Trethurffe. 



Sir William Courte-=FLady Katharine Plantage- 



tenay, K.B. 



net, dau. of Edward IV. 



Thomas Trethurffe. 

T 



Edward Courtenay,=f=Gertrudo, dau. of Wil- 



Earl of Devon, and 
Marquess of Exeter, 
d. 1539. 



liam Blount, Lord 
Mountjoy. 



Elizabeth Trethurffe.=j=John Vyvyan, Esq. 
of Trelo warren. 



J2 



Edward Courtenay, Earl of 
Devon, d. unm. in 1566. 



John Vyvyan, Esq., - 
of Trelo warren, M.P. 
for Helston, 14th Eli- 
zabeth. 



=Anne, dau. of Bald- 
win Mallert. 



Hannibal Vyvyan, Esq. of Trelowarren,:T=Philippa, dau. of Roger Tremaine, 



M. P. for Helston, 43 Elizabeth, for 
Truro, 3 1 Elizabeth, and for St. Maw's, 3 
Charles I. 



Esq. of CoUacombe. 



Sir Francis Vyvyan, Knt. Sheriff ol^Loveday, dau. of John Connock, Esq. 
Cornwall, 15 James I. of Treworgy. 

I 

Sir Richard Vyvyan, Bart, of Trelo-=FMary, dau. of James Bulteel, Esq. of 
warren, d. 3 Oct. 1635. [ Barnstaple. 



Charles Vyvyan, Esq. of Merthan, in=pMary, eldest dau. and coheir of Rich- 
Cornwall, m. in 1674. | ard Erisye, Esq. of Trevanna. 

I -■ 

Sir Richard Vyvyan, Bart, of Trelo-=j=Mary, dan. and heir of Francis Vyvyan, 
warren, M.P. for Cornwall. \ Esq. of Cosworth. 



Bridget Vyvyan, second dau. of Sir=FRichard Sawle, Esq. of Polmangan,co. 
Richard Vyvvan, Bart. | Cornwall, m. in 1735. 

r ^ ' 

Elizabeth Sawle, dau. and coheir of=j=Rear-Admiral John Graves, brother jf 
Richard Sawle, Esq. I Sir Thomas Graves, K.B. 

I ' 

§:iv JlOSfpfj §atDlc ClrabfS S'atolr ,=f Dorothea, eldest dau. of the Rev. Clias. 



of Penrice, co. Cornwall, and of Bar- 
ley House, CO. Devon, Bart., 17th in 
direct descent, from Edward I. King 
of England. 



Prideaux Brune, of Prideaux Place, 
Cornwall, m. 7 Dec. 1815. 



Charles Brune, h. 10 Oct. 1816, m. Thomas, b. 18 Jan. 1826. Mary-Franccs-EIizabcth. 
ill 18 IG, Kose-Caroliiie, youngest 
dau. of D. R. Paynter, Esq. 

e 



PEDIGREE XXI. 



Ealp!) Cce^fec, C0q» 



iSfttoari Mh King of England.^Pliilippa, dau. of William, Earl of Hainault. 



, -I ^-1 \ 

EnWARn, Lionel,of Ant-=pLady Eli- Jolui of Gaunt, Edmund,: 
~ " " zabeth de Duke of Lan- of Lang- 
Burgh, caster. ley, Duke 

of York. 



the Black verp, Duke of 
Prince. Clarence. 



Philippa, only child and^Edmund Mortimer, 
heiress. I Earl of March. 



=Isabel,dau. Thomas of 
and coheir W'oodstock, 
of Peter, Duke of 



Eliza-==Henry Percy, 
beth. the renowned 
Hotspur. 



Roger Mortimer,=FEleanor, dau. 
Earl of March, d. of Thomas, 
1398. Earl of Kent. 



King of 
Castile. 



Gloucester, 
d. in 1377. 



r ' r 

Edmund Mortimer, Earl Anne Mortimer, only dau.=T=Richard Plantagenct, Earl of 



of March, d.s.p. 1424. and eventual heiress. 



Cambridge.only surviving son. 



Richard Plantagenet, DnkeofYork, Protector: 
of England, only son, fell at Towton, 1460. 



^Cecily, dau. ofRalph Neville, 
Earl of Westmoreland. 



Anne Plantagenet, »;. lst,=^Sir Thos. St. 



Henry Holland, Duke of 
'Exeter. 



Lcger,Kut. 



Edward IV. 
King of Eng- 
land. 



Richard III. 
King of Eng- 
land. 



— I 
Other 

issue. 



Anne St. Leger, dau. andheiress.=pGeorge Manners, Lord Ros. 

Catherine Manners. =i=Sir Robert Constable, Knt. of Everingham. 

I 

Everilda Constable.=prhomas Crathorne, of Crathorne. 



Katherine Crathorne,=T=Ralph Creyke, of Marton, son of William 
1st wife, d. 1G05. | Creyke, of Marton and Cottingham. 

Gregory Creyke, Esq. of Marton ,=T=Ursula, dau. of Sir John Legard, 



temp. Charles 1. 



Jursu 
Knt. 



of Ganton. 



Gregory Creyke, Esq. of Marton,=T=Anne, dau. of Randolph Carliel, of 
b. 1G31. I Sewerby. 

Ralph Creyke, Esq. of Marton.=FPriscilla, dau. of William Bower, Esq. 

j of Bridlington. 



Ralph Creyke, Esq. of 
Marton, eldest son, 
d.s.p. 1759, s. by his 
nephew. 



Catherine, dau. of John Austen ,=f The Rev. John Creyke, of 



Esq. of Adisham, co. Kent. 



Burleigh on the Hill, co. 
Rutland. 



Jane, 5th dau. of Richard Langley,=T=Ralph Creyke, Esq. of Marton, s. his 
Esq. of Wykeham Abbey. uncle, d. 24 May, 1826. 

I ' 

Ralph Creyke, Esq. of Marton and=^Franres, eld. dau. of Robert Denni- 
Rawcliffe, d. 7 June, 1828. I son, Esq. of Kilnwick Percy, d. 1840. 



tJalp^ (JTrnjUc, Esq. of Marton, E.H. and Rawcliffe,=Louisa-Frances, youngest 
W.K. Yorkshire, 15th in direct descent from King Ed- dau. of Harry Crofl, Esq. 
WARD III. m. 27 August, 1846. of Slillinglon Hall, co. 

York. 



3loi)n J13c.st)itt ^urra^, OBsq. 



PEDIGREE XXII. 



fSjeiU'Jj mm. King of=pEleanor, dau. and coheir of Ray- 



England. 



mond Bcrenger,Count of Provence. 



Edward I. King=p]Margaret, dau. of Blanche, Queen=f=Edinund, Earl 



of England. 



Philip 111. King Dowager of 
of France. Navarre. 



of Lancaster. 



Kobcrt lirurc. 
King of Scotland. 

T 

Margery-T-Waltcr, 



Edmund Plantagenet=T=Margaret, sister Maud, dau. and — Henry, 



surnamed "of Wood- 
stock" Earl of Kent, 
2nd son. 



dau, of 

Robert 

Bruce. 



and heir of 
Thomas, Lord 
Wake. 



heir of Sir Pa- 
trick Chaworth. 



Earl of 
Lancaster. 



Lord 

High 
Steward 
of Scot- 
laud. 



Edward THE=T=Joan PIantagenet,=^Sir Thomas Richard =f:Lady Eleanor Robert II. King 



Black 

Prince. 

3rd husband, 



the Fair Maid of 
Kent, m. William 
Jlontacute, Earl of 
Salisbury. 



de Holland, Fitz Alan 

K.G., Lord Earl of 

Holland. Arundel, 

2d husband. K.G. 



King Richard II. 



r 



Plantagenet, 
widow of 
John Lord 
Beaumont. 



of Scotland. 



Thomas de Holland, 2nd-i-Lady Alice Fitz Alan. 

Earl of Kent. | 
I 



John Beaufort, Marquess of Dorset, =f=Lady Margaret^Thomas Plantagenet, 
son of John of Gaunt, Duke of ; Holland, 2nd Duke of Clarence, 
Lancaster, by Kathcrine Swynford, dau. and coheir, son of Henry IV. 
1st husband. 2nd husband. 



Robert III. 

King of 
Scotland. 



Lady Joan Beaufort, eldest dau.^JAMEs I. King of Scotland. 



James II. King of Scotland.=T=Mary, of Gueldres, dau. of Arnold, Duke of Gueldres. 

I 

The Princess Mary, relict of Thomas Boyd, Earl of Arran.=pJames,2nd Lord Hamilton. 

James Hamilton, Earl of Arran and Lord of=FJanet, dau. of Sir David Beaton, of 
Bothwell. I Crick. 

James, 2nd Earl of Arran and Duke of=pLadyMargaret Douglas.eldest dau. and 
Chatelhevault, d. 1575. coheir of James, 3rd Earl of Morton. 

I ' 

John, 1st Marquess of Hamilton, rf. 12th=T=Margaret, only dau. of John, 8th Lord 
April, 1C04. I Glamis. 
I 1 

James, 2nd Marquess of Hamilton, and 4th=FLady Anne Cunninghame, dau. of 
Earl of Arran, d. in 1625. James, 7th Earl of Glencairn. 

I ' 

James, 1st Duke of Hamilton, beheaded=pMary, dau. of William, 1st Earl of 



1649. 



Lady Anne Hamilton, Duchess of Hamil- 



ton. 



r- 



Denbigh. 

^William Douglas, Earl of Selkirk, 
and afterwards Duke of Hamilton. 



Lord Basil Hamilton, 6th son.=T=Mary, dau. and sole heir of Sir David 

I Dunbar, Bart. 

I ' 

Mary Hamilton, elder dau.=f John 3Iurray, Esq. of Philiphaugh, He- 

I ritablc Sheriff of Selkirkshire, </. in 1753. 



John Murray, Esq. of Pliiliphaugh, M.P.=pMiss Thomson. 

for Selkirkshire, d. in 1800. | 

I 1 

James Murray, Esq. of Philiphaugh, b. 17G9,=pMary Dale, dau. of Henry Hughes, 

m. in 1809. | Esq. of Worcester. 



.^0^11 XfStitt itttirrai),=rRosc-Mary, only dau 
Esq. yr. of Philiphaugh. 



and heir of Win. 
drew Ncsbitt, Esq. 



An- 



James, Basil Hamil- Ji-ssy- 
E.I.C.S. ton, E.I.C.S. Susan 



Issue. 



PEDIGREE XXIII. 



a^t0. 3lenlipn0» 



iSUtoartJ III. King of England, founder 
of the most noble Order of tlie Garter. 

T 



Thomas Plantagenet of Woodstock, EarlT=Eleanor, eld. dau. and coheir of Hum- 



of Buckingham and Duke of Gloucester, 
K.G., d. 1399. 



phry de Bohun, Earl of Hereford, Con- 
stable of England, d. 1399. 



Lady Anne Plantagenet, dau. and heir=T=William Bourchier, Earl of Ewe, in Nor 



of Thomas, Duke of Gloucester. 



mandy. 



Sir William Bourchier, 3rd son, Baron=T=Thomasine, dau; and heiress of Richard 



Fitz-Warine, /Mre ua!oris, d. 1470. 



Hankford Esq., by Elizabeth his •wife, 
sister and heir of Fulke Fitz-Warine, 7 th 
and last Baron Fitz-Warine. 



Sir Fulke Bourchier, Knt., 2nd Baron=pElizabeth, sister and heiress of John 



Fitz-Warine, d. 1479. 



Lord Dynham. 



John Bourchier, 3rd Baron Fitz-Warine,=^Cecilia, dau. of Giles, Lord D'Aubeney, 



created Earl of Bath in 1536, d. 30 
April, 1539. 



sister and heiress of Henry D'Aubeney, 
Earl of Bridgewater. 



John Bourchier, 2nd Earl of Bath, d. in=^Eleanor, dau. of George Manners, Lord 
1560. Ros, and sister of Thomas, 1st Earl of 

Rutland. 



John Bourchier, Lord Fitz-Warine,=pFrances, dau. of Sir Thomas Kitsor, Knt 



d.v.p, 



of Hengrave, co. Suffolk. 



[- — 

William Bourchier, 3rd Earl of Bath, d.^pElizabeth, dau. of Francis Russell, Earl 



12 July, 1623 



of Bedford. 



Edward Bourchier, 4th Earl.=pDorothy, dau. of Oliver, Lord St. John 

of Bletso, and sister of Oliver, Earl of 
Bolingbroke. 



Dorothy Bourchier, 2nd dau. and coheir=f=Thomas, Lord Grey of Groby, eld. son 
of Edward, 4lh Earl of Bath. of Henry Grey, 1st Earl of Stamford. 



Anne Grey, 2nd dau. of Thomas, Lord=j=James Grove, Esq., Serjeant at Law. 
Grey, of Groby. 

A Quibus. 

, ■ 1 



Crot^ (Srobe, only dau. and heir of=RicHARD Jenkyns, D. D. Master of 
Grey Jcrmyn Grove, Esq. of Poole Baliol Coll. Oxford. 
Hall, CO. Salop, and one of the co- 
representatives of Thomas of Wood- 
stock, Duke of Gloucester, 5th son of 
Edward j III., being as such entitled to 
quarter the Plantagenet arms. 



^it Eicbarn iBroolic, iBu pedigree xxiv. 



<!?l>tDar5 5, King of Eng-=f=Eleanor, dau. of Ferdinand 



land. 



III., King of Castile. 



Edward II, King=plsabella, dau. of Philip 
of England. King of France. 



Gilbert de Clare, EarlnFTlic Princess Joan, 



of Gloucester. 



of Acres. 



"I 



Edward III. King=^Plulippa, dau. of Wil- Hugh le Despenscr,=^Lady Alianore de 



of England. 



liam,Countof Hainault. beheaded 1326. 



Clare. 



Edmd. Plantagenet,=Flsabel, dau. and coheir Elizabeth,dau.and heir=FEdward le Despen- 



surnamedofLangley, 
Duke of York, 



of Peter, King of Cas- 
tile and Leon. 



of Bartholomew,Baron 
Burghersh. 



ser, Lord Despen- 
ser. 



Lady Constance Plantagenet, dau.=pThomas le Despenser, 
of Edmund, of Langley. Earl of Gloucester. 



Lady Isabel le=^Richard Beauchamp, Lord Aber- 



Despenser. 



J 



gavenny, and Earl of Worcester. 



Ralph, IstEarl of=r=Joan, dau. of John 
Westmoreland. of Gaunt, 2nd wife. 



Lady Elizabeth Beau-=^Sir Edward Nevill, 4th 
champ, dau. and heir. 



surviving son. 



Richard, Earl 
of Salisbury. 



Cecily.=pRichard, Duke 
I of York. 



Sir George Nevill, Knt. Lord=r=Margaret, dau. and heir of Edward IV. Richard III. 
Bergavenny, </. 1492. Sir Hugh Fenne, Knt. King of England. King of England. 

Sir Edward Nevill, of Aldington Park,^Eleanor, dau of Andrew, Lord 
CO. Kent, 2nd son. | Windsor. 



Sir Henry Neville, of Billingbere, co.^Elizabeth, dau. and heir of Sir 
Berks. ( John Gresham. 
, 1 

Sir Henry Neville, of Billingbere, d. in=pAnne, dau. of Sir Henry Kille- 
1615. I grew, Knt. of Cornwall. 

I _ 

Catherine Neville, dau. of Sir Henry Ne— rSir Richard Brooke, Knt. of Nor- 



ville, of Billingbere. 



T 



ton, d. 1632. 



r 



Sir Henry Brooke, of Norton, created a-pMary, dau.of Timothy Pusey,Esq. 



baronet, 12 Dec. 1662 



T 



of Selston, co. Notts. 



Sir Richard Brooke, 2nd Bart, of Norton,=FFrances Posthuma, dau. of Thos. 



d. Feb. 1709-10. 



son of Sir Peter Legh, Knt. 
Banneret. 



Sir Thomas Brooke, 3rd Bart. Governor^Grace, dau. of Roger Wilbraham, 



of Chester Castle, temp. Queen Anne. 



Esq. of Townsend,near Nantwich. 



Richard Brooke, Esq. d.v.p. 1720.=j=Margaret, dau. of John Hill, Esq. 

J of Hawkstone. 



Sir Richard Brooke, 4ih Bart., d. 1781.=i=Frances, only dau. of Thomas 

I Patten, Esq. of Bank. 

I 1 

Sir Richard Brooke, 5th Bart., d. 6^Mary, dau. of Sir Robert Cunliife, 
March, 1795. | Bart, of Acton Park. 



T 



StV Kirljarti lirooUc. 6ih Baronet, now of Norton Priory, co. Chester, 
IGth in direct descent from Edward III. King of England. 



PEDIGREE XXV. ^(c Cfioiiias Jloscpf) Dc CraflTorn, IBM, 



(fftliBarir 5. King of England.^Margaret, dau. of Philip III. of France. 



Edward II,, King of=pIsabella, of France. 
England. j 

Edward III., King of England, founder of 
the most Noble Order of the Garter, d. 1377. 

T 



Margaret, sister and heir^y^Edmund of Wood- 



of Thomas,Lord Wake. 



stock, Earl of Kent. 



John of Gaunt, Duke=T=Catherine, dau. of Le Thomas Montacute, Earl^Joan,the Fair Maid 



of Lancaster, King 
of Castile and Leon, 
K.G., d. 1399. 



Payn Roet, and relict 
of Sir Otho de Swin- 
ford, Knt., d. 1403. 



of Salisbury. 



Joan, dau. of John of=pRalph Neville, Earl 



Gaunt, Duke of Lan- 
caster, d. 1440. 



of Westmoreland, 
Earl Marshal of Eng- 
land, K.G., d. 142G 



r- 



of Kent, dau. and 
heiress of Edward, 
Earl of Kent. 



Richard Neville, Earl of Salisbury,-i-Alice, dau. and heir of Thos. Monta- 



&c. beheaded at Wakefield, 2 Edward 
IV., 146U. 



cute, Earl of Salisbury. 



John Neville, Marquess of Monta-=rIsabell, dau. and heir of Sir Edmund 
cute, K.G., slain at the battle of Bar- Ingoldsthorp, of Burrough Green, co. 
net, 11 Edward IV., 1471. Cambridge, Knt. 

Lucy, dau. and coheir of John Neville,=T=Sir Anthony Browne, Standard Bearer 
Marquess of Montacute. "" ' ' "'" 



:,-T-oir Aumony rirowne, oianaara . 
of England, ann. 1485, d. 1506. 



Elizabeth, dau. of Sir Anthony Browne, -pHenry Somerset, Earl of Worcester, </. 



Knight. 



I 



1549, buried at Chepstow. 



Lucy, dau. of Henry, Earl of Wor—j-John Neville, Lord Latimer, d. 1577. 
cester. 



Dorothy Neville, dau. of John Lord-pThomas Cecil, Earl of Exeter. 
Latimer. 






Lady Mildred Cecil, dau. of Thomas,=j=Sir Edmond Trafford, Knt. of Trafford, 
Earl of Exeter. c/. 1620. 

Sir Cecil Traffordjof Trafford, knighted=FPenelope, dau. of Sir Humphrey Da- 



16 Aug. 1617. 



venport, Knt. of Sutton, in Cheshire, 
Chief Baron of the Exchequer. 



John Trafford, of Croston, co. Lancas— pAnne, dau. and coheir of Richard Ash- 
ter, 4th son, d. 28 Feb. 1686. ton, Esq. of Croston. 






John Trafford, Esq. of Croston, d. 25-pCatherine, dau. and eventual coheir of 



Aug. 1727. 



ThomasCulcheth,Esq. of Culcheth, co. 
Lancaster. 



Humphrey Trafford, Esq. of Croston,-pFrances, dau. of John Dalton, Esq. of 



b. 15 Nov. 1698, d. 1773. 



John Trafford, Esq. of Croston, who= 
became of Trafford, on the decease 
s.p. of his kinsman, Humphrey Traf- 
ford, Esq. of Trafford, 1 July, 1779, 
d. 29 Oct. 1815. 



Thurnham, co. Lancaster. 

^Elizabeth, dau. of Stephen Waller 
Tempest, Esq. of Broughton, co. York. 



Sir Ei)Oma^ .^Fosrp^ trc draffortr, of=pLaura Anne, 3rd dau, and coheir of 



Trafford Park, co. Lancaster, Bart, 
so created in 1841, 15th in direct de- 
scent from Edw. I. King of England. 



Francis Colman, Esq. of Hillersdon, 
CO. Devon, son of William Colman, 
Esq. of Gorney, by Jane, his wife, sis- 
ter of Edward, 8th Duke of Somerset. 



Humphrey De Trafford, eldest son, i. 1 May, 1808. Other issue. 



a^illiam lotontjcs, OBsq* 



PEDIGREE XXVI, 



Eleanor, of Castile,=p(mitDartr I. d. 1307.^Margaret, of France, dau. of Philip IV. King of 

I France, and grund-dau. of St. Louis, 2nd wife. 



1st wife. 



T 



Edward II.=^Isabel, of Thomas, of Brotherton, Earl Edmund of Wood-=pMargaret, sister 



d. 1327. 



France. of Norfolk, 2ud son, from stock, Earl of Kent, 
whom, in the female line, the 3rd son ; beheaded 
Howards descend. 1329. 



and heir of 

Thomas, Lord 

Wake. 



Edward IIL 
d. J377. 



:PhiIippa, of Sir Thomas Holland,: 

Haiuault. Earl of Kent, K.G., 

d. 13C0. 



=Joan, only dau. of Edmund of Wood- 
stock, Earl of Kent, sister of Edmund, 
and sister and heir of John, both Earls 
of Kent, d. 1385. 



T I 1 

Edward Edmund, =j=lsabel, young- Lionel Plantagenet,=^Elizabeth Thomas =f=Alice, dau. 



the ofLangley, 
Black. Duke of 
Prince. York,K.G., 
4th son, 
d. 1402. 



Richard XL 
d.s.p. 



est dau. and of Antwerp. Duke of 

heir of Peter, Clarence, Earl of 

King of Cas- Ulster, &c,K.G.,2nd 

tile and Leon, son, d. 1368. 



de Burgh, Holland, 
dau. and Earl of 
heir of Kent, d. 
William, 1396. 
Earl of 
Ulster. 



Edmund Mortimer, 3rdT=Philippa, dau. and heir. 
Earl of March, d. 1382. 

I : r^ 



of Richard 
Fitzalan, 
Earl of 
Arundel. 



Roger, Earl of March and=pEleanor, eldest dau.; sister of Thos. Holland, 
Ulster, Lord Lieutenant I Duke of Surrey, and sister and coheir of 
of Ireland, d. 1399. | Edmund Holland, Earl of Kent. 

Richard, Earl of Cambridge, sur—pAnne, dau. and coheir, after the death of 
named of Coning.sburgh, 2nd son ] her brother, Edmund Mortimer, heiress to 
and heir; beheaded 1414. | the crown. 
1 

Richard, Duke of York, Protector) of England, K.G.,=^Cecily, dau. of Ralph Nevil, 
killed at the battle of Wakefield' 1460. j Earl of Westmoreland. 

, I 



Edward IV. King of 
England, d. 1483. 



George, Duke of Clarence, K.G.,=pIsabel, dau. of Richard Neville, 



murdered in the Tower. 1477. 



Earl of Salisbury and Warwick, 
surnamed the Kingmaker. 



Sir Richard Pole, K.G., d. 1504.=pMargaret, dau. and heir, Countess of 

I Salisbury; beheaded 1541. 

Henry Pole, Lord Montacute, son and^T^Jane, dau. of George Neville, Lord of Aber- 
heir : beheaded 1538. j gavenny. 

I 
Sir Thomas Hastings,= Winifred Pole, dau.=T=Sir Thomas Barrington, of Barring- 
1st husband. and coheir. j ton Hall, Essex, 2d husband. 

I 

Sir Francis Barrington, Bart, of Bar-=T=Joan, dau. of Sir Henry Cromwell, of 



rington Hall, d. 1628. 



J 



Hinchinbrooke. 



Sir Thomas Barrington, 2d Bart, of Bar-=^Frances, dau. and coh. of John Gobart, 
rington Hall, d. 1654. | Esq. of Coventry. 

r -^ 

Sir John Barrington, 3d Bart, of Bar-=j:Dorothy, dau. of Sir William Lytton, of 

rington Hall, d. 1682. Knebworth. 



Thos. Barring(on, Esq. son and heir.^PAnne, dau. and coheir of Robert, Earl of Warwick. 

Anne, sister and heir of Sir Charles Barrington, 5th Bart.=pChas. Shales, of London, d. 1734. 

Anne Shales, eldest dau. and coheir.=7=Charles Lowndes, Esq. of Chesham, Bucks, 

I Secretary of the Treasury. 



William Lowndes, Esq. of Chesham, Com-=f^Lydia-Mary, dau. of Robert Osborne, Esq. a 
missioner of Excise. | Commissioner of the Navy. 



William Lowndes, Esq. of Chesham.=^Harriett-Wilson, dau. of John Kingston, Esq. 

I 



ffJlilltiim ?iolunltrS, Esq. of Chesham, Bucks, 16th in descent 
from and one of the cn-reprcscntativos of Edward III., being 
entillpd as such 1o nii.Trler iho Plantatrpnet arms. 



Charles Lowndes, Esq. 



PEDIGREE XXVII. ji^^otDell, of Wit^iO auti of Bztbtt^iu. 

t[Mil\iam tftc Conqueror,' King of=pMatilda, dau. of Baldwin V. Count 
England, lOGG. ' of Flanders. 

I 



Henry I. King of England; 



T 



Matilda the Empress.=pGeoffrey Plantagenet, Count of Anjou, 

Henry II. King of England.=T= 
I 



John, King of England.=T= 

I ' 

Henry III. King of England. 



Edward I. King of England 



J 



^ ^T 

Edward II. King of England.=p 

i 

Edward III. King of England.=T= 

r— 
Lionel of Antwerp, Duke ofClarence.=p 



The Lady Philippa Plantagenet, dau.and heir.-j-Edmund Mortimer, Earl of March. 
The Lady Elizabeth Mortimer.^Henr}'^ Percy, the renowned Hotspur. 

3=^ 



Lady Elizabeth Percy .=T=John, Lord Clifford. 



Thomas, Lord Clifford.^j^Joan, dau. of Dacre, of Gillesland. 
John, Lord Clifford.=FMargaret, dau. and heir of Henry, Lord Bromflote. 



Henry, Lord ClifFord.^Florence Pudsey, widow of Sir Thomas Talbot, of Bashall. 



Dorothy Clifford, only dau.^Sir Hugh Lowther, K.B. of Cumberland. 

Sir Richard Lowther, Lord Warden of the=7=Frances, dau. of John Middleton, of Middle- 
West Marches, temp. Elizabeth. | ton. 



Sir Christopher Lowther, of Cumberland,=pEleanor, dau. of William Musgrave, Esq. of 

1603. I Hayton Castle. 

I 

William Lowther Esq. of Ingleton, co. York.=FEleanor, dau. of Anthony W^elbury, Esq. 

Anne Lowther.=T=Thos. Heber, Esq. of Marton, temp. Charles I. 



Thomas Heber, Esq. of Marton, d. lC68.=pBridget, dau. of Sir John Pennington, of 

I Muncaster. 

I ' 

Eleanor Heber, 3rd dau. d. 1683.=pAlexander Nowell, Esq. of Read Hall, co. 

I Lancaster. 

I 

Alexander Nowell, Esq. of Gawthorp,=f=Mar}', dau. of Richard Assheton of Cuerdale, 
d. in 1747. I m. 12th Dec. 170G. 

^Sarah, dau. of Thomas Whitaker, Esq. of 
Holme, CO. Lancaster, m. 1755. 



Ralph Nowell, Esq. of Gawthorp Hall, co.: 
Lancaster, and subsequently of Eccleston, 
and of Coverhead, co.York,d. 25 May, 1780. 



I 

Rebecca, eldest dau. of Ralph Nowell, Esq.^William Atkinson, Esq. of Linton, in Craven, 
d. 21 Dec. 1829. | co. York, d. 1816. 

I -^ 

fHargarrt flotocll, only dau. and heiress, of=p:The Rev. Josias Robinson, M.A , Fellow of 



Netherside and Linton, co. York, assumed 
by sign manual, 1 Nov. 18-13, the surname 
and arms of Nowell. Mrs. Nowell is 18th 
in direct descent from Edward III. King of 
England. 



Brasennose College, Oxon, Rector of Aires- 
ford, CO. Essex, d. 20 May, 1843. 



I 1 : — I 1 r— 1 

Alexander Dawson, Thomas Wluttaker. William Ralph Asshelon. Mary Charlotte. 
b. 1822. Atkinson. Margaret. 



3lof)n ^altoep, OBsq. 



PEDIGREE XXVIII. 



©lltoartr Ml. Kinp; of Eng-=pPhilippa, dau. of William, 



land, d. 21 June, 1377. 



I , 

Edward Lionel ol=pLady Eli 
the Antwerp, 
Black Duke of 
Prince. Clarence. 



Earl of Hainault. 



zabeth De 
Burgh. 



Joiin of Edniund,=plsabel, dau. Thomas,=^Elcanor, dau. 
and coheir of Wood- and coheir of 
of Peter, stock, Humphrey 
King of Duke of de Bohun, 
Castile. Glouces- Earlofllere- 

ter. ford & Essex. 



Gaunt, of Lang- 
Duke of ley.Duke 
Lancas- ofYork. 

ter. 



r 



Philippa, only child^pEdmund Mortimer, 
and heiress. I Earl of March. 

Roger Mortimer, =j=Eleanor, dau. of Thomas, 
Earl of March. Earl of Kent. 



Anne Plantagenet,= 
dau. and coheir. 



r 



J 



Anne Mortimer, only dau.=j=Richard Plantagenet, 
and eventual heir. | Earl of Cambridge. 

L_ 



William Bour- 
chier. Earl of 
Ewe. 



I 1 r 

Richard Plantagenet, Duke=pCicely, dau. ofRalph Isabel Planlage— pHcnryBourchier.Earl 



of York, Protector of Eng- 
land. 



Neville, Earl of West- net, only dau. 
moreland. 



of Ewe and Essex, 
d. in 1483. 



Edward IV. King of England. 



William Bourchier, son=T=Anne, dau. of Richard Wid- 

and heir, d.v.p. I vile, Earl of Rivers, and sis- 

I ter of the Queen of Edw.IV. 



Cicely Bourchier, only dau., sister and sole=T=John Derereux, Lord Ferrers, of Chartley. 
heiress of Henry, Earl of Essex. 

I ' 

Walter Devereux, Viscount Hereford, K.G.,=^Mary, dau. of Thomas Grey, Marquess of 
d. 27 Sept. 1558. I Dorset. 



The Hon. Sir William Devereux, 3rd son.=j=Jane, dau. of John Scudamore, Esq. of Holme 

Lacy, CO. Hereford. 

I ' 

Margaret Devereux, dau. and coheir.=pSir Edward Littleton, of Pillaton Hall, co. 

Stafford. 



Anne Littleton, 2nd dau. of Sir Edward Lit-=pHumphrey Salwey, Esq. of Stanford, co. Wor- 
tleton. I cester, Member of the Long Parliament. 

r ■ ' 

Richard Salwey, Esq. of Richard's Castle, co.^Anne, dau. of Richard Waring, Esq. Alder- 



Hereford, 4th son. Major in the Parliament's 
army, and M.P. for Worcestershire in 1653. 



man of London. 



John Salwey, Esq. of Richard's Castle.=r=Jane, dau. and heir of William Griffith, Esq. 

of Ludlow. 

The Rev. John Salwey, M.A., Rector of Rich-=pAlice, 4th dau. and coheir of Dr. Augustine 



ard's Casile, 2nd son, m. 1708. 



Caesar. 



The Rev. Thomas Salwey, LL.D., Rector of=pConstance, only dau. of Francis Biddulph, 



Richard's Castle, m. 1742. 



Esq. of Ledbury. 



John Salwey, Esq. of the Moor=pAnne, only dau. of Theophilus Richard Salwey, Esq. of 



Park, CO. Salop, and Haye 
Park, CO. Hereford, eldest son 
and heir. 



Thomas Folliott 
Baugh, Esq. of 
Stonehouse, co. 
Salop. 



the Lodge, co. Salop, »?. Anna 
Maria, younger dau. and coheir of 
Thomas Hill, Esq. M.P., of Court 
of Hill, and left issue. 



Richard Salwey, Esq. of the=f=Isabella, 3rd dau. of Theophilus Salwey, Esq. Lieut. R.N. 



Moor Park, and the Haye 
Park, eldest son and heir 



Job Walker Baugh, w;. Alary, dau. of Thos. Davies, Esq. 
Esq. of Stonehouse. of A.shlcy Moor, and had issue. 



5i(0l^n SaltDCg, of Moor Park, present re-=Harriet Anne, relict of Edward Salwey, Several 
prescntative of the ancient family of Esq. of the Lodge, and dau. of Thomas daus. 
Salwey, b. 1798, 16th in direct descent Bourke Rieketts, Esq. 
from Edward III. King of England. / 



PEDIGREE XXIX. 



iRotolanU a^aintDaring, Cgq* 



SSailliam tfic €'(mq[UCror,=f Maud, dau. of Baldwin V. 
King of England. | Count of Flanders. 



Henry I, King of=pMaud, dau. of Mal- 



~l 



Gundred, dau. of=f=William de Warren, 



England, d. 1135. 



colm Canmore,King 
of Scotlandjby Mar- 
garet his queen 
sister of Edgar 
Atheling, heir to the 
Saxon Kings of 
England. 



the Conqueror. 



Earl of Warren. 



The Empress Maud,=j=Geoffrey, Earl of 
m. 2nd April, 1127. Anjou. 

Henry II. King of^Eleanor, eld. dau. 

England, d. 1189. and heir of Wm. 

Duke of Aquitaine. 

John, King of Eng-=T=Isal)el, dau. of Ay- 
land, d. 1216. mer, Earl of An- 
goulesme. 



William deWarren,=pElizabeth, dau. of 



Earl of Warren and 
Surrey. 



Hugh the Great, 
Earl of Vermandois. 



William deWarren,=T= Ala, dau. of Wm. 



Earl of Warren and 
Surrey, d. 1147. 



son of Robert, Earl 
of Belesme. 



Isabella, only child.=pHameline Plantage- 
net, Earl of War- 



Henry III. King of=pEleanor, dau. and 



England. 



coheir of Raymond 
Berenger, Count of 
Provence. 



I 

William 

Earl of Warren and 

Surrey. 



._i 



ren and Surrey. 



Warren ,=7^M and, dau. of Wm. 
Marshall, Earl of 
Pembroke. 



Edmund PIantage-=T=Blanche, Queen 



John Warren, Earl=pAlice, dau. of Hugh- 



net, Earl of Lancas- 
ter, 2nd son. 



Dowager of Na- 
varre, dau. of Ro- 
bert, Count of Ar- 
tois- 



of Warren and Sur- 
rey. 



le.Brun, 
March. 



Earl of 



J 



William 
d. V. p. 



Warren,=pJoan, dau. of Ro- 
bert de Vere, Earl 
of Oxford. 



Henry Plantagenet,^Maud, dau. and 



Earl of Lancaster. 



heir of Sir Patrick 
Chaworth. 



Edmund Fitzalan,=f^Lady Alice, sister 



Earl of Arundel. 



and sole heir of 
John, last Earl of 
Warren and Surrey. 



Lady Eleanor Plantagenet, 
Henry, Earl of Lancaster. 



dau. of=pRichard Fitzalan, Earl of Arundel. 



Lady Mary Fitzalan, youngest dau.=pJohn, Lord Strange, of Blackmere. 

Ankaret le Strange, dau. and eventual=FSir Richard Talbot, Lord Talbot, sum- 
heir. I moned to parliament, a.d. 1387. 

Mary Talbot, sister of the great Earl^Sir Thomas Greene, Knt. of Greene's 
of Shrewsbury. 



1— I— oil iijumas <jiceiie, ss-u. 

I Norton, co. Northampton. 



Sir Thomas Greene, Knt. of Greene's=i=Philippa, dau. of Robert, Lord Ferrers, 
Norton, co. Northampton. I of Chartley. 

. _ I 

Sir Thomas Greene, Knt. of Greene's^Matilda, dau. of John Throckmorton, Esq. 

Norton. 

I ' 

Sir Thomas Greene, Knt. of Greene's=T=Johanna, dau. of Sir John Fogg, Knt. 
Norton. 



Anne Greene, dau. and coheir .=T:Sir Nicholas Vaux, Knt., created in 

I 1523, Baron Vaux of Harrowden. 



IRottilantJ c^aintoanng, (2B0q» 



PEDIGREE XXIX. 



a 



Thomas, 2nd Lord Vaux, of Harrowden,= 
d. 1562. 



^Elizabeth, dau. and heir of Sir Thomas 
Cheney, Knt. of Istlinburgh, co. North- 
ampton. 



The Hon. Anne Vaux.=r:Reginald Bray, of Stene, youngest son 

of Reginald Bray, Esq. of Barrington. 



Temperance Bray, 4th dau. and coheir.=pSir Thomas Crew, of Stene jure uxoris. 

John, Lord Crew of Stene, so creatcd=r=Jemima, dau. and coheir of Edward 
20th April, 1661. 1 Walgrave, Esq. of Lawford, co. Essex. 

I ' 

The Hon. Anne Crew, youngest ,dau. of=pEdmund Pye, M.D. of Farringdon, 



Lord Crew, and widow of Sir Henry 
Wright, Bart, of Dagenham. 



Berkshire, 2nd husband. 



Jemima Pye, 2nd dau.=T=Edward Mainwaring, Esq. of Whitmore 
I Hall, CO. Stafford, born in 1681. 



Edward Mainwaring, Esq. of Whitmorej^FSarah, dau. of William Bunbury, Esq. 
High Sheriff of Staffordshire, in 1768. Attorney-General of Cheshire. 

I ' 

Rowland Mainwaring, Esq. of Four Oaks,=pJane, dau. of Capt. Latham, R.N. 
CO. Warwick, b. 1745, d. 1817. 4th son. I 



KolnlaillrfHatntDaftng, Esq. nowof=^Sophia Hen-=f:Mary Anne^Laura Maria 



Whitmore Hail, co. Stafford, Capt. 
R.N., 19th in direct descent from 
Henry III. King of England, and 
24th in direct descent from Gun- 
dred, dau. of William the Con- 
queror. 



rietta, only 
child of Major 
Duff, 1st 
wife. 



dau. of 
John Clark, 
Esq. 2nd 
wile. 



Julia Walburga, 
only child of Col 
Chevillard, 3rd 
wife 



Edward Pellew and other issue. 



r- 



Mary-Ann. Karl-Heinrich, and other issue. 



PEDIGREE XXX. 



^arque^s of ^alisbutp. 



Margaret, dau. of Philip III.=p1Htltoarlr £.. King: 



King of France, d. 1317. 



of England. 



:Eleanor, dau. of Ferdinand, 
King of Castile, d. 1290. 



Thos. de Brotlierton,=y=Alice, 
Earl of Norfolk, and 
Marshal of England, 
d. 1338. 



dau. of Sir 
Roger Halys, Knt. 
of Harwich. 



Isabel, dau. of Philip-r-EDWARD II., King of 



IV., King of France, 
d. 1357. 



England. 



Margaret, dau 
eventual sole heir, 
created Duchess of 
Norfolk, in 1398. 



and=^John, 
d. 27 



r 



Lord Segrave, 
Edward III. 



Edward III., King of England, Founder of 
the Most Noble Order of the Garter, d.l377. 



1353. 



Elizabeth, = 
dau. and heir 
of John, Lord 
Segrave. 



■John, Lord 
Mowbray, of 
Axholme, d. 
1360. 



Thomas Mow-=]=Elizabeth, 



bray. Earl of 
Nottingham, 
Duke of Nor- 
folk, and Earl 
Marshal of 
England, 
K.G.,rf. 1400. 



I ■ 

Margaret.dau.: 
of Thos., and 
cousin of 
John, Duke of 
Norfolk. 



dau. of Rich. 
Fitzalan, and 
sister and co- 
heir of Thos. 
Fitzalan, Earl 
of Arundel. 



=Sir Robert 
Howard, Knt. 
eldest son of 
Sir John How- 
ard, Knt., by 
Alice, his ■wife, 
dau. and heir 
of Sir ^"illiam 
Tarding, of 
Tarding, co. 
Norfolk. 



Sirjohn How-=^Katherine, 



ard, K.G., cre- 
ated Duke of 
Norfolk, 1483, 
and slain at 
Bosworth 
Field. 



dau. of Wil- 
liam, Lord 
Molines, d. 
1452. 



Thomas How-=j:Elizabeth, 
ard, Earl of 
Surrey, cre- 
ated Duke of 
Norfolk, and 
Earl Marshal, 
IFeb. 1514, 
K.G., d. 21 
May, 1524. 



I — 
a 



dau. and heir 
of Sir Frede- 
rick Tilnej', 
Knt. of Ash- 
well Thorpe, 
CO. Norfolk, 
and widow of 
Sir Henry 
Bourchier, 
K.B., son of 
Lord Benicrs. 



T 



Eleanor,eldest=i=Thomas Plan- Lionel, of Ant-=pLady Eliza 



dau. and co- 
heir of Hum- 
phrey de Bo- 
hun, Earl of 
Hereford, &c. 
Constable of 
England, d. 
1399. 



tagenet, of 
Woodstock, 
Earl of Buck- 
ingham, DiLke 
of Gloucester, 
K.G., young- 
est son, d. 
1399. 



werp, Duke 
of Clarence. 



Philippa, only- 
child and heir. 



r 



beth de Burgh. 



Edmund Mor- 
timer, Earl of 
March. 



Edmund Staf— pAnne, dau. Roger Morti-=^Eleanor, dau. 



ford, Earl of 
Stafford, K.G. 



and coheir of 
Thos., Duke 
of Gloucester. 



mer, Earl of 
March, d. 
1398. 



Anne, dau. of =T=Humphrey 



RalphNeville, 
Earl of West- 
moreland, 
K.G. 



of Thos., Earl 
of Kent. 



Stafford,Duke 
of Bucking- 
ham, K.G., 
slain 1460. 



Anne Morti- =pRichard Plan- 



mer, dau. 
heir. 



and 



IMargaret,dau.=pHumphrey 



of Edmund 
Beaufort, 
Duke of So- 
merset, K.G. 



Stafford, Earl 
of Stafford, 
slain at St. 
Albans in the 
lifetime of his 
father. 



Richard Plan-: 
tagenet, Duke 
of York. 



Catherine, 
dau. of Rich. 
Widville,Earl 
Rivers, K.G., 
and sister to 
Elizabeth, 
Queen of Ed- 
ward IV. 



^Henry, Duke 
of Bucking- 
ham, Consta- 
ble of Eng- 
land, K.G., 
beheaded in 
1483. 



tagenet. Earl 
of Cambridge, 
son of Ed- 
mundofLang- 
ley, and 
grandson of 
Edward III. 

=Cecily, dau. 
of Ralph Ne- 
ville, Earl of 
Westmore- 
land. 



Anne Planta-= 
genet.Duchess 
of Exeter. 



:Sir 
St. 



Thomas 
Leger. 



Eleanor, dau. =^Edward.Duke 



of Hen. Percy, 
Earl of Nor- 
thumberland. 



of Bucking- 
ham, K.G., 
beheaded on 
Tower hill, 
1524. 



Anne St. 
ger, dau. 
heir. 



Le-: 
and 



Thomas, Earl- 
of Rutland. 



r- 
c 



=George Man- 
ners, Lord 
Ros. 



■Eleanor, dau. 
of Sir William 
Paston. 



marquess of ^alisljurp. 



PEDIGREE XXX. 



a 

Thomas Howard, Duke of: 
Norfolk, Earl Marshal, K.G. 



h c 

I I 
^Elizabeth, dau. of Edward, Sir John Man- 
Duke of Buckingham, 2nd ners, 2nd son 



wife. 



Henry Howard, Earl of Sur-^Frances, dau. of John Vere, 



ofThos., Earl 
of Kulland. 



rey, beheaded in the lifetime 
of his father, 154G. 



Earl of Oxford. 



Thomas Howard, Duke of^Margaret, dau. and heir of 



Norfolk, Earl Marshal.K.G. 
&c., beheaded 2 June, 1572. 



-Dorothy, dau. 
and coheir of 
Sir George 
Vernon, of 
Nether H ad- 
don. 



Thomas, Lord Audley, ofWal- 
don, Chancellor of England. 



Sir Geo. Man— i-Grace, dau. 



Thomas Howard, '2nd son,^Katherine, eldest dau. and co- 



created Earl of Suffolk, 
K.G.. d. 1G26. 



r 



heir of Sir Henry Knevet, 2nd 
wife. 



Lady Katherine Howard, ?«.=^\Villiam Cecil, Earl of Salis- 
in Dec..l608. bury. 

I ' 

Charles Cecil, Viscount Cran-=pJane, dau. and coheir of Jas. 
bourne. j Maxwell, Earl of Dirleton. 
, I . 



ners, eldest 
son and heir. 



John, 8th Earl- 
of Rutland, d. 
in 1679. 



of Sir Henry 
Pierrepoint. 



-Frances, dau. 
of Edw., Lord 
Montague, of 
Boughton. 



James Cecil, 3rd Earl of Salisbury ,^Margaret, dau. of John Manners, 
K.G., d. 1G83. Earl of Rutland. 

I : _ 

James Cecil, 4th Earl of Salisbury, c?.-pFrances, dau. and coheir of Simon 
1694. I Bennet, Esq. of Beechampton, co. 

Bucks. 



Ji 



James Cecil, 5th Earl of Salisbury,=FLady Anne Tufton, second dau. and 
d. 1728. coh. of Thomas, 6th Earl of Thanet. 

I {See next pedigree.) 

I ' 

James Cecil, 6th Earl of Salisbury,=pElizabeth, sister of the Rev. John 
d. 1780. Keet, Rector of Hatfield. 

I 

James Cecil, 7th Earl of Salisbury,=pLady Mary Amelia Hill, dau. of 



created Marquess of Salisbury, 18 
Aug. 1789, K.G., d. 13 June, 1823. 



Wills, 1st Marquess of Downshire. 



iiJamfS iirotonloto SlSailliam ©ascojne (Hfcil, 2nd and present IHariiufSS 
of ^altstuvg, K.G. and 18lh in direct descent from Edward 111. King of 
England. 



PEDIGREE XXXI. 



Marquess of ^alisturp. 



£trbar6 HI- King=T=Philippa, dau. of William 



of England, 



T 



of Hainault. 



Lionel, of Antwerp, Duke of Cla-=^Lady Elizabeth de Burgh, 
rence. 



T 



Philippa, only child and heiress.=^Edmund Mortimer, Earl of March. 



Lady Elizabeth Mortimer.-j-Henry Percy, the renowned Hot- 
spur. 



Henr^' Percy, 2nd Earl of=pEleanor Neville, dau. 



Northumberland. 



of Ralph, 1st Earl of 
Westmoreland . 



Elizabeth m. Sir 
John Clifford, Lord 
Clifford. 



I I 

Henry Percy, 3rd Earl of=FEleanor Poynings. Thos. Lord-pJoan Dacre 
" " Clifford. 



Northumberland. 



dau. of Lord 

Dacre of 

Gillesland. 



Henn' Percy, 4lh Earl of^Maud Herbert, dau. of John, Lord Clifford, 



Northumberland. 



the Earl of Pembroke. m. Margaret,dau. and 

heir of Henry Lord 
Bromflete. 



Henry Algernon. 5th Earl of ^Catherine Spencer. 
Northimiberland. 



T 



Henry, Lord Clifford, 
m. Anne St, John. 

J 



1 I r 

Lady Margaret Percy.^Henry Clifford, Earl of Margaret, m. Sir 

Cumberland. Cuthbert Rad- 

I clyffe. 



Henry Clifford, 2nd Earl of Cum-— Anne, dau. of William, Lord Dacre 
berland, K.B. d. 1569. | of Gillesland, d. 1581. 



r 



George Clifford, 3rd Earl of Cum-=rMargaret, youngest dau. of Francis 



berland. 



Russell, Earl of Bedford. 



Anne, only dau. and heir of George,=pRichard Sackville, Earl of Dorset. 
3rd Earl of Cumberland. 



Lady Margaret Sackville, elder=^John Tufton, 2nd Earl of Thanet, 
dau. and coheir. d. 1664. 



Thomas, Earl of Thanet and BaronT=Lady Catherine Cavendish, dau 



CUfford, rf. 1729. 



and coheir of Henry, Duke of 
Newcastle. 



Lady Anne Tufton, 2nd dau. and=pJames, 5th Earl of Salisbury. 
coheir. 

A Q,u%hus. 
ifamcs, present ffiarqucss of Salisturg. 

(5ee preceediny Pediyree.j 



i^enrp JFoUiott IPotoell, (ZBsq. pedigree xxxn. 



(JF&toarlr J. King of England.=T=Eleanor, dau. of Ferdinand III., King of Castile. 



Edward II., King^^Isabella, dau. of Philip, 
of England. King of France. 



J 



The Princess Joan,=f:GilbertdeClare,Earl 



of Acres. 



of Gloucester. 



Edward III., King=^Philippa, dau. of Wil- 
of England. j liam.Couut of Hainault. 



Lady Alianore de=FHugh le Despencer, 



Clare. 



beheaded 1326. 



Edmund Plantagenet,=^Isabel, dau. and co- Edw. le Despencer.-pElizabeth, dau. and 



surnamed of Langley, 
Duke of York. 



heir of Peter, King 
of Castile and Leon. 



Lord Despencer. 



heir of Bartholomew, 
Baron Burghersh. 



Lady Constance Plantagenet, dau.ofEdmund,=T=Thomas le Despencer, Earl of Gloucester, 
of Langley. 

Lady Isabel le Despencer.=FRichard Beauchamp, Lord Abergavenny, Ralph, 1st Earl of 

and Earl of Worcester. Westmoreland.=y= 

I I 

I ' I i H 

Lady Elizabeth Beauchamp, =f:Sir Edward Nevill, 4th son of Ralph, Richard, Cicely, rn. 
dau. and heir. I 1st Earl of Westmoreland, by Joane, Earl of to Richard, 

his 2nd wife, dau. of John of Gaunt, Salisbury. Duke of 
I d. 16 Edward IV. York.^ 
■ -> r -^ 



T 



Sir George Nevill, Knt.=Y^Margaret, dau. and heir of Edward IV. King RichardIII. King 
Lord Bergavenny,c?. 1492 j Sir Hugh Fenne, Knt. of England. of England. 

I 

Sir Edward Nevill, of Aldington Park,=T=Eleanor, dau. of Andrew, Lord Wind- 



co. Kent, 2nd son. 



sor. 



Sir Henry Neville, of Billingbere, Berks.=pElizabeth, dau. and heir of Sir John 

I Gresham. 



Sir Henry Neville, of Billingbere, d. in=j=Anne, dau. of Sir Henry Killegrew, Knt 



1615. 



J 



of Cornwall. 



Catherine Neville, dau. of Sir Henry=f=Sir Richard Brooke, Knt. of Norton, d. 
Neville, of Billingbere. I 1632. 



Sir Henry Brooke, 1st Bart., of Norton,=pMary, dau. of Timothy Pusey, Esq. of 
created a Bart. 12 Dec. 1662. 



,-j-iviciry, uau. ui iiiij 
Selston, CO. Notts. 



Sir Richard Brooke, 2nd Bart., of Nor— i-Frances Posthuma, dau. of Thomas, son 
ton, d. Feb. 1709-10. of Sir Peter Legh, Knight Banneret. 

Letitia, dau. of Sir Richard Brooke, 2nd=j=Henry Legh, Esq. of High Legh, co. 
Bart. Chester. 

I ' 

Mary Legh, only dau.=T=The Rev. Legh Richmond, Rector of 



Tiae rtev. 
Stockport, 



Henry Richmond, of Bath, D.D.=pCatherine, eldest dau. of John Atherton, 

Esq. of Walton Hall. 



Frances Richmond, eldest dau. m. 1796.=FSamuel Powell, Esq. of Brandlesome 

I Hall, Lancashire. 

1 ' 

J^enrp .jfolltott ^otocU, Esq. of Brandlesome Hall, co. Lancaster, 
lOlh in direct descent from Edward HI. King of England. 



PEDIGREE XXXIII. ^jt <3tOtQZ lBO\X}^tt, IBtiXU 



r 



drttioaxQ HJ. King of England, founder of the 
Most Noble Order of the Garter, d. 1377. 

T 



Lionel, of^Elizabelh, John of Gaunt,=pCatherine, dau. Eleanor, eldest=T=Thomas Planta 



Antwerp, 
Duke of 
Clarence, 
K.G., d. 
17 Oct. 
1368. 



Philippa. 
only dau. 
and heir, 
b. 16 Aug. 
1355. 



'~r 



dau. and 
heir of 
William 
De Burgh, 
Earl of 
Ulster, d. 
1363 

Edmund 
^lortimer, 
Earl of 
March, &c. 
d. 5 Rich, 
II. 1382. 



Duke of Lan. 
caster, King of 
Castile & Leon, 
K.G., d. 1399. 



of Sir Payne 
Roetj Knt. and 
relict of Sir 
Otho Swinford, 
Knt. d. 1403. 



dau. and coheir 
of Humphrey 
de Bohun, Earl 
ofHereford.&c. 



genet, of Wood- 
stock, Earl of 
Buckingham, 
Duke of Glou- 
cester, K.G., d. 
1399. 



r- 



Joan, dau.: 
of John 
of Gaunt, 
Duke of 
Lancas- 
ter, d. 
1440. 



Elizabeth,:^Henry Percy,the 



dau. of 
Edmund, 
Earl of 
March. 



renowned Hot- 
spur, son of Hen. 
EarlofNorthum- 
berland, slain in 
1403. 



:Ralph Neville, 
Lord of Raby, 
created Earl 
of Westmore- 
land, Earl 
Marshal of 
England,K.G., 
d. 1426, 



John Beau-=pMargaret, Edmond^^Anne, 



fort, Mar- 
quess of 
Dorset, 
Earl of 
Somerset, 
K.G., d. 
1410. 



dau. of 
Thomas 
Holland, 
Earl of 
Kent,. and 
granddau. 
of Thomas 
Lord Hol- 
land,K.G., 
by Joane 
Plantage- 
net, the Fair 
Maid of Kent 



Stafford, 
Earl of 
Stafford, 
K.G. 



dau. 

and 

coheir 

of 
Thos., 
Duke 

of 
Glou- 
cester. 



r 



r" 



Henry Percy, Earl =pEleanor, Eleanor, dau.=T=Edmund Beau- Anne, dau.=pHumphrey 



of Northumberland, 
slain at St. Albans, 
22 May, 1456. 



dau. of 
Ralph, 
Earl of 
West- 
moreland. 



of Rich. Beau 
champ, Earl 
of Warwick, 
d. 1467. 



fort, Duke of 
Somerset, Mar- 
quess of Dor- 
set, K.G., d. 
1455. 



of Ralph 
Neville,Earl 
of West- 
moreland. 



Stafford, 
Duke of 
Bucking- 
ham, K.G. 



Hen. Percy, Earl of= 
Northumberland, 
slain atTowton field, 
1460-1. 



=Eleanor, dau. and 
heir of Richard 
Poynings, d ]474. 



Margaret, dau. of=pHumphrey Stafford, Earl 



Edmund, Duke 
of Somerset. 



of Stafford, 
Albans, v.p. 



slain at St. 



Hen.Percy,4th Earl=pMaud, dau. of 
of Northumberland, William, Earl 
d. 1489. of Pembroke. 



Catherine, dau, of=pHenry, Duke of Buck- 



j 

I 



Rd.Widville, Earl 
Rivers, K.G., and 
sister of Elizabeth, 
Queen of Edw.IV, 



ingham, Constable of 
England, K.G. , beheaded, 
1483. 



Eleanor dau. of Henry Percy, 4th Earl-pEdward, Duke of Buckingham, K.G. , be- 
ef Northumberland. j headed on Tower Hill, 1524. 

, 1 

of Edmund, Duke of=pThomas Howard, Duke of Norfolk, Earl 
I Marshal. 



Elizabeth, dau. 
Buckingham. 



Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey, beheaded=T=Frances, dau. of John Vere, Earl of Ox- 
v.p. 1546. I ford. 

I -^ 

Ihomas Howard, Duke of Norfolk, Earl=pMargaret, dau. and heir of Thomas, Lord 
Marshal, K.G., beheaded 2 June, 1572. | Audley,ofWalden,Chancellor of England. 

I ' 

Lord Thomas Howard, 2nd son, created^^Katherine, eldest dau. and coheir of Sir 
Earl of Suffolk, K.G., d 1626. j Henry Knevet, 2nd wife. 

I • ' 

Lady Katherine Howard, dau. of Thos.=j=William Cecil, Earl of Salisbury. 
Earl of Suffolk. 



^ir (George 'Botopct, iBatt .-edigrer xxx.... 



a 

I 



Charles Cecil, Viscount Cranbourne, son^Jane, dau. and coheir of James Maxwell, 
and heir, d.v.p, J Earl of Dirleton. 



r 



Frances Cecil, dau. of Charles, Viscounl^Sir William Bowyer, Bart., M.P. for 



T 



Cranbourne. | Bucks 

r -' 

Cecil Bowyer, Esq. son and heir, d.v.p.=pJuliana, dau. of Richard Parker, Esq. 
5 Dec. 1720. | 

r ' 

Sir Wilham Bowyer, Bart, of Denham-pAnne, dau. of the Right Hon. Sir John 
Court, Berks, d. 1768. Slonhouse, Bart, of Radley, M.P. for 

I Berks. 

( ' 

Sir George Bowyer, Bart, of Denham=pHenrietta, only dau. and heir of Sir 
Court, and Radley, Admiral of the Blue, Piercy Bret, Knt., Admiral of the While. 
d. 6 Dec. 1799. ' 



Sbir (Buoxqt Ijotogrr, Bart, of Denham=f=Anne Hammond, dau. of Captain Sir 
Court, and Radley. A. S. Douglas, R.N. 

I . 1^ 1 , , 1 

l.GEOROEBowTER,Esq.D.C.L., 2. William S.Henry 4. Caroline Fanny 5. Mary 
F.S.A., eldest son and heir, Bowyer. Bowyer. Bowyer. Bowyer. 

19th in descent. 



PEDIGREE XXXIV. W, DottJiimg T5ruce, dB^q. E^C.J*, JF.^»3[» 



Thebotaw, : 
Duke of Less- 
wick and 
Stermarce, 
721. 

I 

Euslin.= 



Reynold, LordT= 
of North and 
South Mura. 



Gundella.dau. 
of Vitellan, 
Lord of Bol- 
lansted, in 
Germany. 

=Ascrida, 
dau. of Rey- 
nold, son of 
Olanus, King 
of Norway. 
2nd wife. 

=Groe, dau. of 
Wrymund, 
KingofTeord- 
din. 



<J^g6ert, 1st =f:Redbiirga. 
King of Eng- 
land, d. 838. 



Eynor, Earl of= 
the Orkneys. 



Torfine, Earl = 
of Orkney and 
Shetland, 942. 



-Garliola, dau. 
of Duncan, 
Earl of Caith- 
ness. 



Lother, Earl =f=Africa, dau. of 



of Orkney, 
d. 996. 



r- 



Sigurt, Earl of= 
Orkney. 



r 



I 

Robt. de Bru-= 
see, built the 
castle of la 
Brusee, in 
Normandy. 

I 

Robt. de Bru-= 
see, came into 
England,1066, 
with William 
theConqueror. 



:Emma, dau. 
of Allan, Earl 
of Brittany. 



^Agnes, dau. 
of Waldonius, 
Earl of St. 
Clair, 



Charlemagne, =j=Hildegarde, 



Emperor of 
the West, d, 
814. 



of Swabia. 



Ethelwolf, =pOsburg, a dau. Lewis le Z>e-=p Judith, dau. 



King of Eng- 
land. 



I 

Alfred the 

Great, King 

of England, 

d. 901. 



of Earl Oslac. 



bonaire, King 
of France. 



=:f=Ethelbith, 
dau. of Earl 
Elhehan. 



EDWARD,King- 
of England. 



lEadgiva, dau. 
of Earl Sigel- 
line. 



the Prince of 
Argyle. 

=Alice, dau. of 
MaIcolm,King 
of Scotland. 



Edmund, King=f=Elgiva. 

of England, d. 

946. 



Brusee or Bru-=j=Ostrida, dau. 

so (2nd son), ofRegenwald, 

Earl of Caith- Earl of Goth- 

Hess.&Suther- land. 

land. I J 

Rogwold.=pArgolia, dau. 
of Waldamar, 
Duke of Rus- 
sia. 



Edgar, d.975.=r=Elfrida, dau. 
ofOrdgar,Earl 
of Devon. 



Ethelred II. 
d. 1010. 



Edmund Iron-= 
side, King of 
England, d. 
1017. 



=Elgrifa. 



=Algitha. 



Prince Ed- 
ward. 



=Agatha, dau. 
of Emperor 
Henry. 



Margaret.=|=Malcolm III., 
King of Scot- 
land. 



of Guelph I. 



Charles the ^pHermentrude, 



Bald, King & 
Emperor of 
France. 



dau.of Vodon, 
Earl of Or- 
leans. 



1 



Baldwin, lst=f=Judith, widow 



Count of Flan- 
ders. 



Baldwin, 2nd= 
Count of Flan- 
ders, rf. 918. 



Arnolf, 3rd 
Count of Flan- 
ders. 



of King Ethel ■ 
wolf. 

=Alfritha, dau. 
of Alfred the 
Great. 



=pAlice, dau 
Herbert II. 
Count of Ver 
mandois. 



of 



Baldwin, 4th- 
Count of Flan- 
ders 



=Machila, dau. 
of Herman 
Billing, Duke 
of Saxony. 



Arnolf, 5th :^Susanna, dau. 



Count of Flan- 
ders, d. 988. 



Baldwin, 6th= 
CounlofFlan- 
ders. 



ofBerengerll. 
King of Italy. 



=Eleonora,dau. 
of Richard II. 
Duke of Nor- 
mandy. 



Baldwin, 7th=pAdela, dau. of 
CountofFlan- Robt. 1. King 
ders, d. 1067. of France. 



L 



William the= 

Conqueror, 
King of Eng- 
land. 



=Matilda, 
d. 1083. 



Adam 
1080. 



de Brusee, d.=pEmma, dau. of Sir Matilda, Queen of =pHEN. I. King of Eng- 
William Ramsay. England, c?. 1118. 



Robert de Bruse, Lord=?= Agnes, dau. of Anna, 
of Skelton, in York- Lord of Annansdale, 



land. 



shire. 



r 



in Scotland. 2d wife. 



Robert de Brus, Lord=f=Judith, dau. of Wm., 
of Annandale. I Baron of Kindall. 



Maud, widow of Hen-=f:Geoffrey Plantagenet, 
ry V. and Empress of son of Foulk, King of 
Germany. Jerusalem. 



r- 
a 



m* Dotoning T5cuce, (B^q. 



a 



William de Brus, Lord of Annaudale. 



T 



I^.C31'» jF.^»3[f PEDIGREE XXXIV. 

b 

Henry II., King of=f=Eleanor, dau. of Wil- 
England. liam, Duke of Aqui- 

taine. 



Robert de Bruce, Lord-plsabel, dau. and heir of 



of Annandale, d. 1245. 



John, King of Eng-=f=Isabel,dau. of Aymer, 
land, d. 1216. I Count d'Angouleme. 



David, Earl of Hunt 
ingdon, son of Henry, 

King of Scotland, thro' j ' 

which marriage, the Henry III,, King of=pEleanor, dau. of Ray 

Bruces succeeded to England, 
the crown of Scotland. 



Robert de Brus, Lord^Isabel, dau. of Gilbert 
of Annandale, d. 1295. de Clare, Earl of Glou- 
1 caster. 



mond, Count de Pro- 
vence, grandson of 
Alphonso, King of Ar- 
ragon. 



Edward I., King of=pMargaret, (2nd wife.) 



Robert de Brus, Lord^Margaret, 



of Annandale.and Earl 
of Carrick.d. 1304. 



-I 



dau. & heir 
of Nigel 
Earl of 
Carrick. 



Sir John 
de Brus. 



England. 



dau. of Philip IheHar- 
dy, King of France. 



=p Thomas, Ear! of Nor-=FAlice, dau. of Sir Ho 



T 



folk, d. 133a. 



ger Halys. 



Robert Bruce, King 
of Scotland. 



Sir Robert Bruce. 
J 



Margaret Plantagenet,=j:Jolin, Lord Segrave. 
Duchess of Norfolk. 



Sir Robert Bruce, of=pHelena, dau. of Allan 



Clackmanan. 



Sir Robert Bruce, of= 
Clackmanan, d. 139.3. 



Vipont, Captain 
Locleven. 



of 



-J 



^Isabel, dau. of Sir Ro- 
bert Steward, of Ros- 
lyth. 



Elizabeth, dau. and =pJohn, Lord Moubray. 
heiress. | 

I J 



Margary.=^John, Lord de Welles. 
I 



Sir Robert Bruce, of=FA dau. of Sir John 
Clackmanan, d. 1405. 



JScrimgeour, of Dund- 
hope. 



Eudo, LorddeWelIes.=f=^Iaud, dau. of Ralph, 
I Lord Greystock. 



Lionel,Lord deWelles.=pJoan, dau. and heir of 



d. 1 Edward IV. 



Sir David Bruce, ofyJean, dau. of Sir John 
Clackmanan. j Stewart, of Lorn. 

I 

Sir John Bruce, of=pElizabeth, dau. of Sir 

Clackmanan. I David Steward, of 

I Rosyth. 



Sir Robert Waterton. 



Eleanor,dau. and heir.=FTlios., Lord Hoo and 

Hastings. 



T 



Sir David Bruce, of=pMarion, dau. of Sir 
Clackmanan. Robert Heries, of Ten- 

eagles. 



Sir David Bruce, of=pJane, dau. of Sir Pa 



Clackmanan, 1513. 



trie Blackadder. 



Elizabeth, dau. and^Sir John Devenish, of 
heir. Hilleigleigh. 

t -• 

Richard Devenish.=FFides, dau. of Sir Ro- 
bert Litton. , 



l.-T-X 

J' 



David, (3rd son), of Green, near Clackmanan. 



T 



Thos. Devenish, Esq.^Ann, dau. of \\ illiam 

Fawke, Esq. of West 
Hamphett. 



Archibald Bruce, ot=pMargaret,dau. andheir 
Green and Kennet, m. of Robert Bruce, of 
1568. Kennet, county Clack- 

manan. 



William Devenish. ^Cecilia, dau. of ..•• 
Juxton. 



Robert Bruce, of Ken-=pElizabelh,dau. ofAlex- 
net m. 1599. | auder Gail, of Maw. 



r 
a 



Elizabeth, dau. and=T=Henry Walrond-, Esq. 
heir. I of Sea. 

b 



9 2 



PEDIGREE XXXIV. CQ- Dotomiig: TBruce> (ZBsq* 1^*CJ., jF.^.a. 

6 



a 

I I 

Robert Bruce, of Ken-=?:Agnes,dau. of Patrick Humphrey "VValrond,: 

net, m. 1627. I Murray, of Perdowie. Esq. of Sea. 

Rev. Alex. Bruce (•2nd=f Margaret, dau. of Jas. 



son), of Gartlet, co. of 
Clackmanan, d. 1704, 



Cleland, Esq. 



^Elizabeth, dau. of 
Humphrey Colles, 
Esq. 



James Bruce, of Gart-T=Keturah, dau. of J. Esq. of Sea, Governor 



Humphrey Walrond,YElizabeth, dau. of Na- 



let, Chief Justice of the 
Island of Barbados, d. 
1749. 



French, Esq. 



of Barbados. 



thaniel Napier, Esq. 
of Nore Crithel. 

quibus. 



Joseph OsbomeBruce,=pJane, dau. and heir of Nathaniel Walrond, 
Esq., of Gartlet, d. Gen. Samuel Barwick, Esq., of Barbados. 

1787- I Governor of Barbados. 

I 

I I 

Barwick Bruce, M.D.-pAmabel, dau. and co. 



andJ.P., d. 1841, (2d 

son.) 



heiress. 



Samuel Barwick Bruce, M.D., Staff Surgeon=FJane, dau. of WUliam Downing, Esq. of 
to the Forces at Waterloo, &c. | Studley, co. York. 

I 1 — ' 

?12JilIiam DotDUitig Bruce, K.C.J. , F.S.A., Robert Cathcart Dalrymple Bruce, Lieut, in 
L. and E., an officer in the 2nd West York the army. Fellow of the Royal Geographical 
MiUlia, &c. &c. Society of London. 



(George iRofjett Morgan, (JBsq. 



PEDIGREE XXXV. 



iStltonrlr 5. King of England. =pMargaret, dau. of Philip III. 

I of PVance, 2nd wife. 



Edmund, of Woodstock, Earl of Kent.=j=Margaret, dau. of John, and sister and 

heiress of Thomas, Lord Wake. 



Lady Joan Plantagenet, dau. and heiress,^ 
celebrated as the Fair INIaid of Kent. 

, 



Sir Thomas Holland, K.G.,=T=Edward the Black 



Lord Holland. 



Prince, last hus- 
band. 



Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent.=f=Lady Alice Fitzalan, dau. Richard IL King 

of Richard, Earl of Arun- of England, 
del. 



The Lady Alianore Holland, dau. and^Edward Cherlton, Lord Fowls. 
eventual coheir of Thomas, Earl of Kent, 
and widow of Roger, Earl of March. 



Joyce Cherlton, dau. and coheir of Ed-=f:Sir John de Tiptoft, d. in 1443. 
ward, Lord Powis. j 

1 ' 

Joane Tiptoft, 2nd dau. and in her issue,=pSir Edmund Inglethorpe. 
coheir of Sir John de Tiptoft j 



Isabel Inglethorpe, dau. and heir.=pJohn Neville, Marquess of Montacutc. 
Lady Anne Neville, eldest dau. and coheir.=pSir William Stonor, Knt. of Stonor. 
Anne Stonor, dau. and eventual heiress.^Sir Adrian Fortescue, Knt. 

Margaret, eldest dau. and coheir .=pThos. Wentworth, 1st Lord Wentwcrth, c?. 1551. 



Thomas Wentworth, 2nd Lord Wentworth,=pAnne, dau. of Sir John Wentworth, Knt. 
d. 1590. 



Henry Wentworth, 3rd Lord Wentworth,: 
d. 1594. 



:Anne, dau. of Sir Owen Hopton, Knt., and 
widow of Sir William Pope. 



Thos.Wentworth, Earl of Cleveland, c?.lG67.=i=Anne, dau. of Sir John Crofts, Knt. 

I 1 

Lady Anne Wentworth, dau. and even tual=j= John, Lord Lovelace, 
heiress. 



Hon. Margaret Lovelace, dau. and eventftal=pSir William Noel, Bart., of Kirkby Mallory, co. 
heir. I Leicester. 



Sir John Noel, Bart., of Kirkby Mallory.=pMary, dau. and coheir of Sir John Clobery, 

j Knt. 

William Noel, one of the Judges of the=T=Susanna, dau. of Sir Thomas Trollope, Bart, of 
Common Pleas. I Casewick. 

I ' 

Frances Noel, 3rd dau. and coheir.=pBennett, 3rd Earl of Harborough. 

. I 



Lady Frances Sherard, only dau. and heir,=pMajor-General George Morgan. 
m. in 1776. 



a 

1 



quibus. 



(JScorgc Kobrrt iflorgau, Esq. of Mount Noel, Slindon, co. Sus- 
sex, one of the co-representatives of Joan Plantagenet, the Fair 
Maid of Kent, and as such, entitled to quarter the Royal arms. 



PEDIGREE XXXVI. 



OBarl of DuntingDon* 



CP&muniJ M. King of England, surnamed Ironside, lineal descendant from 
Alfred, had a son Edward.=pAgatha, dau. of Henry II. Emperor of Germany, 



Edgar Atheling, rightful heir 
to the crown instead of Ed- 
ward the Confessor, d. with- 
out issue. 



Malcolm Can-=FMargaret Atheling, heiress 



more, King of 
Scotland 



to the crown of England, 
who was defeated by the 
Conquest. 



Christiana, be- 
came a Nun, at 
Romsey, Hants. 



Henry I. King of England, 3rd son of "William the Conqueror.=pMatilda, of Scotland. 



William, Duke 
of Normandy, d. 
without issue. 



Henry IV. Emperor of=Matilda.= 
Germany, 1st husband, 
d. without issue. 



^Geoffrey Plantagenet, 
Earl of Anjou, 2nd 
husband. 



Henrv II. King of England.=T=Eleanor, of Aquitaine. 



EiCHARD I.=Berengaria, Princess of Navarre. JoHN.-pIsabella, of Angouleme 



r 



Hehry IIl.=FEleanor, of Provence. 



Eleanor, of Castile,=pEDWARD I. 
1 St wife. 



d. 1307.=FMargaret, of France, dau. of Philip IV. King of 
1 France, and grand-dau. of St. Louis, 2nd wife. 



Edward II.=^Isabel, of 



d. 1327. 



France. 



Thomas, of Brotherton, Earl 
of Norfolk, 2nd son, from 
whom, in the female line, the 
Howards descend. 



Edmund of Wood-=^Margaret, sister 
stock, Earl of Kent, 
3rd son ; beheaded 
1329. 



and heir of 

Thomas, Lord 

Wake. 



Edward III. =f:Philippa, of Sir Thomas Holland,^Joan, only dau. of Edmund of Wood- 

_ . >. „ stock, Earl of Kent, sister of Edmund, 

and sister and heir of John, both Earls 
of Kent, d. 1385. 



d. 1377. 



Hainault. 



Earl of Kent, K.G. 
d. 1360. 



~i 



Edward Edmund, =plsabel, young- Lionel Plantagenet.-pElizabeth Thomas =f:Alice, dau. 



the ofLangley, 
Black Duke of 
Prince. York,K.G., 
4th 



son, 
rf. 1402. 



Richard II. 
d.s.p. 



est dau. and 
heir of Peter, 
King of Cas- 
tile and Leon. 



of Antwerp, Duke of 
Clarence, Earl of 
Ulster,&c,K,G.,2nd 
son, d. 1368. 



de Burgh, Holland, 
dau. and Earl of 



heir of 
William, 
Earl of 
Ulster. 



Kent, 
1396. 



d. 



Edmund Mortimer, 3rdT=Philippa, dau. and heir. 
Earl of March, d. 1382. 

I ■ ' 

Roger, Earl of March and Ulster,: 
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, d. 
1399. 



of Richard 
Fitzalan, 
Earl of 
Arundel. 



^Eleanor, eldest dau.; sister of Thos. 
Holland, Duke of Surrey, and sis- 
ter and coheir of Edmund Holland, 
Earl of Kent. 



_J 



Richard, Earl of Cambridge, sur-=pAnne, dau. and coheir, after the death of 



named of Coningsburgh, 2nd son 
and heir; beheaded 1414. 



her brother, Edmund Mortimer, heir to 
the crown. 



Richard, Duke of York, Protector=pCicely, dau. of Ralph Nevil, Earl of West- 



of England, K.G., killed at the 
battle of Wakefield, 1460. 



moreland. 



Edward IV. King of 
England, d. 1483. 



George, Duke of Clarence, K.G.,=i=Isabel, dau. of Richard Nevil, 



murdered in the Tower, 1477. 



Earl of Salisbury and Warwick, 
surnamed the Kingmaker. 



Sir Richard Pole, K.G., d, 1504.=j=Margaret, dau. and heir, Countess of 

Salisbury ; beheaded 1541. 



r- 
a 



OBarl of IJ)untingtion. 



PEDIGREE XXXVI. 



a 



Henry Pole, Lord Montacute, son and=TpJane, dau. of George Nevil, Lord of 



heir; beheaded, 1538. 



Abergavenny. 



Francis, Earl of Huntingdon, K.G.,=pCatherine, eldest dau. and coheir, d. 23rd 



d. 20lh June, 1560, buried at Ashby de 
la Zouche. 



Sept. 1576. 



The Hon. Sir Edward Hastings, Knt., ofT=Barbara, dau. and coheir of Sir William 
the Abbey of Leicester, d. in 16U3. Devereux, of Merivale. 



i-T-na 

De 



Sir Henry Hastings, High Sheriff of=j=Mabel, dau. of Anthony Faunt, Esq. 
Leicestershire, in 1619, d. 1629. | of Foston. 



T 

J" 



Henry Hastings, Esq. of Humberston.=j=Jane, dau. of Goodhall, of Belgrave 



J 



Richard Hastings, Esq. of Welford, co. Nottingham. 

T 

. ' 

Henry Hastings, Esq. only son, aged 14-pElizabeth Hudson, 
in 1701. 



T 



George Hastings, Esq. 2nd son, Lieut.-=^Sarah, dau. of Colonel Thomas Hodges. 
Col. 3rd Foot-Guards, d. in 180i 



I, ijieui. — pis 

:i_J 



Capt. Hans Francis Hastings, R. N.,=r=Frances, 3rd dau. of the Rev. Richard 



succeeded as 11th Earl of Huntingdon, 
d. in 1828. 



Chaloner Cobb, rector of Great Marlow. 



Jfrancis Cflfopfiilns ?^astitigs, present=pElizabeth-Anne, dau. and heir of the late 



4lrarl of p^untingtron, one of the 
co-representalives of the Royal House 
of Plantagenet, and, as such, entitled 
to quarter the Royal Arms. 



Richard Power^ Esq. of Clashmore, co. 
Waterford. 



Francis Power, Lord Hastings, b, 4 Dec. 1841. 



PEDIGREE XXXVII. J?, P. ©011110 iRallCliff0, (^BSQ^ 



Margaret, dau. of Philip m.^iSUtoartl L, King^Eleanor dau. of Ferdinand, 



King of France, d. 1317. 



of England. 



King of Castile, c?. 1290. 



Thos. de Brotherton,=j=Alice, dau. of Sir Isabel, dau. of Philip=T=EDWARD II., King of 



Earl of Norfolk, and 
Marshal of England, 
d. 1338. 



Roger Halys, Knt. 
of Harwich. 



dau. 



Margaret, 

eventual sole heir, 
created Duchess of 
Norfolk, in 1398. 



and=f=John, Lord Segrave, 
d. 27 Edward III. 
1353. 



Elizabeth, dau. and=pJohn, Lord Mow- 
heir of John, Lord bray, of Axholme, d. 
Segrave. | 1360. 



Thos. Mowbray, Earl^y^Elizabeth, 
of Nottingham, Duke 
of Norfolk, and Earl 
Marshal of England, 
K.G., d. 1400. 



dau. of 
Richard Fitzalan, 
and sister and coheir 
of Thomas Fitzalan, 
Earl of Arundel. 



Margaret, dau. of=pSir Robert Howard, 



Thomas, and cousin 
of John, Duke of 
Norfolk. 



Sir John 

K.G., created Duke 

of Norfolk, 1483, and 

slain at Bosworth 

Field. 



Knt., eldest son of 
Sir John Howard, 
Knt., by Alice, his 
wife, dau. and heir 
of Sir William Tar- 
ding, of Tarding, co. 
Norfolk. 



Howard,=pKatherine, dau. of 



William, Lord 
lines, d. 1452. 



Mo- 



Thomas Howardj^Elizabeth, dau. and 



Earl of Surrey, cre- 
ated Duke of Nor- 
folk, and Earl Mar- 
shal, 1 Feb. 1514, 
K.G.. d. 21 May, 
1524. 



heir of Sir Frederick 
Tilney, Knt. of Ash- 
well Thorpe, co. Nor- 
folk, and widow of 
Sir Henry Bourchier, 
K.B., son of Lord 
Bcrners. 



IV., King of France, 
d. 1357. 



England. 



Edward III., King of England, Founder of 
the Most Noble Order of the Garter, d.l377. 



I 



Eleanor, eldest dau.= 
and coheir of Hum- 
phrey de Bohun, Earl 
of Hereford, &c.Con- 
stable of England, d. 
1399. 



^Thomas Plantagenet, 
of Woodstock, Earl 
of Buckingham, 
Duke of Gloucester, 
K.G., d. 1399. 



Edmund 
Earl of 
K.G. 



Stafford,=T=Anne, dau. and co- 



Stafford, 



heir of Thos., Duke of 
Gloucester. 



Anne, dau. of Ralph= 
Neville,Earl of West- 
moreland, K.G. 



^Humphrey Stafford, 
Duke of Bucking- 
ham, K.G., slain 
1460. 



1 



Margaret, daughter of^Humphrey Stafford, 



Edmund 
Duke of 
K.G. 



Beaufort, 
Somerset, 



Earl of Stafford, 
slain at St. Albans 
in the lifetime of his 
father. 



1 



Catherine, dau. of=pHenry, Duke of 



Richard Widville, 
Earl Rivers, K.G. and 
sister to Elizabeth, 
Queen of Edward IV. 



Buckingham, Con- 
stable of England, 
K.G., beheaded in 
1483. 



Eleanor, dau. of Hen.^^Edward, Duke of 



Percy, Earl of Nor- 
thumberland. 



Buckingham, K.G. 
beheaded on Tower 
hill, 1524. 



Thomas Howard, Duke 
Earl Marshal, K.G. 



I 

Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey, be- 
headed in the lifetime of his father, 
1546. 



of Norfolk,=FElizabeth, dau. of Edward, Duke of 
Buckingham, 2nd wife. 

dau. of John Vere, Earl of 



^Frances, 
Oxford. 



Thomas Howard, Duke of Norfolk,=T=Margaret, dau. and heir of Thomas, 
Earl Marshal, K.G. &c., beheaded Lord Audley, of Walden, Chancellor 
2 June, 1572. |o"" • " 

, 1 



of England. 



C&oma.s iRiDDell, €0q. 



ISrrtoarll L King of England.yEleanor, dau. of Ferdinand III 

J King "'"'"- -•• 



PEDIGREE XLV. 

_ Ferdinanfl 
of Castile. 



Tmp??„ "' '"'""'' ''"' "' ^'""'■TEl.-beth, dau. of Bar.holemew de 

^^ rSadlesmere. 



1 — ■ .-, 1 



MJlTar^'atlcS"" "'"'""■ "'^fl.?^ ««•»""'. ^"'- «f He- 



Duke of 
Norfolk. 



veringham. 



TloZi^' '''''''' '''''"'TJIT.''' ^^-^^ «'-'^y' ^•«-' ^- 



1458-9. 



KnT.^L^l:^'^'"^^^^^?'^'^"'?^."'^^' ^^"- ^"-^ ^^^^i"- "^f Sir Thos. 
• "^°"^^gt- I Button, of Button, co. Chester. 

Sir Wm. Molyneux, of Sephton, rf.=pJane, dau. and lieir of Sir Richard 

Rugge, knt. of Rugge, co. Salop. 



^Hi?h%\^!*^-ff^°J^T"''''''°/-^'P^''^"'TE^<'^"°'-' youngest dau. of Sir Alex 
Hig h Sheriff of Lancashire, 1556. Ratcliffe, of Ordsall. 

William Molyneux, Esq., rf.t;.i,.=pBridget, dau. of John Carrj-11, Esq. 

' of 'VVarnham. 






neux, in 1628. 

r 



Sussex. 
^2F^KmVr''''' ^^°^y"^"^' '^•T^I^y' d^'^- «f Sir Alex. Barlow, 



. Knt. 






'^d'an^n?' r '"^n'^^-^^^'y"'"'^' 4th=j=Edward Widdrington, Esq. of Pel- 
dau^of Caxyll, \iscount Moly- ton, Northumberland, son of the 

Hon. Edward Widdrington, by 
Dorothy, his wife, dau. of Sir 
Thos. Horsley, Knt. 



r . 1 

ofTeko^°w'7^^''^'!,"!'fl°o"' Esq.=FEli2abeth, dau. of Humphrey Weld, 
01 t elton, will proved 1763. J Esq., of Lulworth, co. Borset. 

^onlv'dl^i'n!?'' Widdringi;;;;=pThos. Riddell, Esq., of Swinburne 
onl y dau. and heir. j castle, Northumberland, d, in 1777. 

^ffslfy.'^'^'"' ^"^- °^^^''«°' and=pElizabeth, dau. of Joseph Blount, 

%''an^'sw!l^'^- 'J ^^f^^^^^r^' dau. of the late William 
18 Mnv i«n, .i'u".^ ^^'"^' *• I ilTockmorton, Esq. 
18 Way, 1802, 18th in direct de- 



r 



J 



Thomas- William, and other issue. 

i 



i'EDIGRRE XLVI. 



(2Hntxiarn Catlpon, (2H0q. 



©IrlDarlr J. King of England.=T=Eleanor, of Castile 



J 



Lady Elizabeth Plantagenet, dau. of=^Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford 



King Edward I., and -widow of John, 
Earl of Holland. 



and Essex, Lord High Constable of Eng- 
land. 



Lady Margaret de Bohun, dau. of the=T=Hugh de Courlenay, 2nd Earl of Devon, 
Earl of Hereford, m. in 1325. d. in 1377. 



K-r-ra 



Sir Philip Courtenay, of PoM^derham=T^Anne, dau. of Sir Thomas Wake. 
Castle, d. 7 Hen, IV. 

I ' 

Sir John Courtenay, 2nd son.=ipJoan, dau. of Alex. Champernowne, of 

I Beer Ferrers. 

r ' 

Sir Philip Courtenay, Knt. of Powderham=pElizabeth, dau. of Walter, Lord Hunger- 



Castle, A. in 1404. 



ford. 



I 

Sir Philip Courtenay, Knt. of Mollaud,=pA dau. of Robert Hingeston, of Wone- 



co. Devon, 2nd son. 



well. 



Margaret, dau. of Sir Philip Courlenay .T=Sir John Champernowne, of Modbury 



r 



Sir Philip Champernowne, Knt. of Mod-^y^Katherine, dau. of Sir Edward Carew. 



3ir rump ^^uampernowne, is.ni. oi iviou— j- 
bury, living temp. Henry VII, | 



Sir Arthur Champernowne, of Dartington,=^Mary, dau. of Henry Norreys, Esq. 
Devon. I 

I 1 

Elizabeth Champernowne, onlv dau. w.^Sir Edward Seymour, Knt. 

in 1576. ' I 

, i 

Sir Edward Seymour, Bart., of Berry=pDorothy, dau. of Sir Henry Killigrew, 

Pomeroy, d. 1659. Knt. of Lathbury, in Cornwall. 

I ' 

Sir Edward Seymour, Bart. M.P. for=pAnne, dau. of Sir John Portman. 
Devon. j 

Elizabeth Seymour, only daughter, m. in=T=Sir Joseph Tredenham, Knt. of Trego- 
1666. I ny, Cornwall, d. in 1706. 

I ~ ' 

Mary Tredenham, 2nd dau. and coheir=f=Francis Scobell, Esq. M.P. of Menag- 
of Sir Joseph Tredenham. | wins, Cornwall. 

I ■ 1 

Elizabeth Scobell, dau. and coheir of=pPhiiip Hawkins, Esq. of Pennance, 
Francis Scobell, Esq. j Cornwall. 

Elizabeth Hawkins, dau. and coheir ofT=Thomas Carlyon, Esq. of Tregrehan, 



Philip Hawkins, Esq 



Cornwall. 



The Rev. Thomas Carlyon, of St. Just,=pAnne, dau. and coheir of Wm. Gwavas, 
in Cornwall. [ Esq. 

Thomas Carlyon, Esq. of Tregrehan ,^Mary, only dau. and heir of William 
High Sheriff of Cornwall, 18U2, d. 16 Carlyon, Esq. of St. Austell. 
Dec. 1830. I ^ ' 1 

(ETlmarlr (JTarlgon, Esq. now of Tregrehan and Greenaway, 
19th in direct descent from Edward I. King of England. 



latip JFdlDing. 



PEDIGREK XLVII, 



©iJtoatlr J. King of England.=pMargaret, dau. of Philip III. King 

of France. 



Edmund Plantagenet, surnamed ofTpMargaret, sister and heir of Thomas, 
Woodstock, Earl of Kent, d. in 13-29. | Lord Wake. 

Edward, the Black Prince,=T=The Lady Joan Plantagenet,T=Sir Thomas Holland, K. G. 



last husband. 



" the Fair Maid of 
dau. and eventual heire 

J 



.uiagt;iiei,-pi3ir i. nomas i 
f Kent," Lord Holland, 
iress. | 



Richard IL, King of Eng- Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of=pLady Alice Fitzalan, dau. of 
land. Kent. | Richard, Earl of Arundel. 

, I 

Roger Mortimer, Earl of^=The Lady Eleanor Holland=j=EdwardCherlton, Lord Powys. 
March. dau. and eventually coheir. j 

Joane Cherlton, dau. and coheir of Ed-^Sir John de Grey, Earl of Tankerville. 
■ward. Lord Powys. 



Sir Henry Grey, Earl of Tankerville, d.=FAntigone, natural dau. of Humphrey 



in 1449. 



r 



Plantagenet, Duke of Gloucester. 



Elizabeth, dau. of Sir Henry Grey, Earl^f^Sir Roger Kynaston, Knt. d. in 1517. 
of Tankerville. j 

Humphrey Kynaston, Esq. son and heir of Sir Roger Kynaston, by Eliza- 
beth Grey, his wife. =p 

r ■ -^ 

Edward Kynaston, Esq. found, by inquisition taken in 1556, to be " cousin 
and heir of Edward, last Lord Powys." 

, J 

Roger Kynaston, Esq. of Hordley, co. Salop, High SheriflF thereof, temp. 
Queen Elizabeth, d. in 1606. =?= 

I ' 

Edward Kynaston, Esq. of Hordley,=f=Mary, dau. of Thomas Owen, Esq. of 
son and heir, d. in 1631. J Condover, Judge of the Common Pleas. 

I 

Roger Kynaston, Esq. of Hordley, She-=T=Rebecca, dau. of Sir John Weld, Knt. 
riff of Shropshire in 1640. 

I ' 

Rebecca Kynaston, dau. of Roger=Fllichard Mytton, Esq. of Halston, co. 
Kynaston, Esq. of Hordley. J Salop. 

Richard Mytton, Esq. of Halston, ]\LP.^Arabella, dau. of Sir John Houblon, Knt. 
for Shrewsbury. [ Lord Mayor of London, 1695. 

I ' 

Arabella Mytton, dau. and heir of Rich-^David Pennant, Esq. of Bychtou and 
ard Mytton, Esq. Downing, both co. Flint. 

I — ' 

Thomas Pennant, Esq. of Downing and=fElizabeth, dau. of James Falconer, Esq. 
Bychton, High Sheriff of Flintshire in 1 of Chester, d. in 17G4. 
1761, rf. 16 Dec. 1798. 



I — . 

David Pennant, Esq. of Downing and^Louisa, 2nd dau. of Sir Henry Peyton, 
Bychton, High Sheriff of Flintshire in Bart. 
1799. 1 

, 1 

David Pennant, Esq. of Downing and=pLady Emma Brudenell, dau. of Robert, 
Bychton, b. 22 Jan. 1796, d. 15 Feb. I Earl of Cardigan. 
1835. 

, 1 

ILouisa pennant, of Downing and=RoDOLrH William Basil, Viscount 
Bychton, only dau. and heir, and 19th Feilding, eldest son and heir apparent 
in direct descent from Edward L, King of (he Earl of Denbigh, 
of England, w. 18 June, 1846. 



PEDIGREE XLVIII. 



Legb EicbmonD, (B^q, 



(IrlrtDarO h King of England.=pEleanor, dau. of Ferdinand III. King of Castile. 



Joan, of Acre, 3rd dau. of =f Gilbert de Clare, Earl 



King Edward I. 



of Gloucester. 



Eleanor, eldest dau. and=T=Hugh le Despencer, 



coh. of Gilbert de Clare. 



jure uxoris. Earl of 
Gloucester. 



Sir Edmund le Despencer.^Anne, dau. of Henry, 
Knt. 2nd son. | Lord Ferrers.of Groby. 

r -■ 

Edward, Lord le Despen-=j"Elizabetli,dau.and heir 

I of Bartholomew, Lord 



Edward II. King of=T=Isabel of France. 
England. | 

I ' 

Edward III. King=f:Philippa of Hai- 
of England. nault. 

I 

Edmund of Langley,=f=Isabel, dau. and 



Duke of York, 5th 
son, d. U02. 



cer, K.G. d. 1375. 



Burgherst. 



coheir of Peter, 
King of Castile. 



Thomas, Lord le Despencer and Earl ofyConstance Plantagenet, dau. of Edmund, 
Gloucester. | of Langley. 



Isabel le Despencer, dau. and eventual=f:Richard Beauchamp, Lord Abergavenny, 
heiress. | and Earl of Worcester. 
1 

The Lady Elizabeth Beauchamp, dau.=pSir Edward Neville, 4th surviving son 



and sole heir. 



of Ralph, 1st Earl of Westmoreland, by 
Joan, his second wife, dau. of John, of 
Gaunt. 



r 



Sir George Neville, Lord Bergavenny, rf.^Margaret, dau. and heir of Sir Hugh 

20 Sept. 1492. | Fenne, Knt. 

1 ^ 

Sir Edward Neville, of Aldington Park,=pEleanor, dau. of Andrew Lord Windsor, 

Kent, 2nd son, Knt. Banneret. I and widow of Ralph, Lord Scrope. 

I 
Sir Henry Neville, of Billingbere, co.=T=Elizabeth, dau. and heir of Sir John 



Berks, 2ud son. 



Gresham. 



Sir Henry Neville, Knt. of Billingbere,=pAnne, dau. of Sir Henry Killegrew, of 
d. in 1615. | Cornwall. 
, I . 



Sir Henry Neville, Knt. of Billingbere, 
d. in 1629. =f= 



Catherine Neville, dau.=FSir Richard Brooke, 



of Sir Henry Neville. 



Knt. of Norton, 
Cheshire. 



Sir Henry Brooke, Bart, of Norton, so created=pMarv, dau. of Timothy Pusey, Esq. of Selston, 
1662. Notts. 

I 1 

Sir Richard Brooke, Bart, of Norton, d. ) 709-=f:Francesca Posthuma, dau. of Thomas Legh, 
10, High Sheriff, Cheshire, 1667. I Rector of Walton, son of Sir Peter Legh, of 

Lyme, Knt. Banneret. 

FrancescaElizabetha, third dau.of Sir Richard=p:Sylvester Richmond, Esq. of Acton Grange, 
Brooke. Cheshire. 

The Rev Legh Richmond, Rector of Stock-=^Mary Legh, dau. of Henry Legh. Esq. of 
port, Cheshire, ri. 1/69. I High Legh, Cheshire. J' ^ ' 1 

Henry Richmond, M.D. of Bath.=pCatherine, dau. of John Atherton, Esq. of 

Walton Hall, Lancashire. 



'^^^fr\ V ^^ I^i^'iniond, Rector of Turvey,=pMary, only dau. of James William Chambers, 



Bedfordshire 



rvey,-pivian 
J Esq.' 



of Bath. 



acg^ Kicfjmonil, of Ashton under Lyne, Lancashire. 



Salter ^clljg, OBsQ* 



PEDIGREE XLIX. 



IStltDartJ $. King of England.^Margaret, dau. of Philip III., of France. 



:T 



Thomas Plantagenel, styled of Brotherton,=T= Alice, dau. of Sir Roger Halys, Knt. of 
Earl of Norfolk, Earl Marshal of England, Harwich. 
d. in 1338. J 

The Lady Margaret riantagenct, dau. and=T=John Lord Segrave, d. 27 Edward IIL, 1353. 
eventually sole heiress, created Duchess 
of Norfolk, 1398. 



The Lady Elizabeth Segrave, dau. aiidheir.=i=John, Lord Mowbray, of Axholme, d. 1360. 

r 

Thomas Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk, and=^Elizabeth, dau. of Richard Fitzalan, and 

sister and coheir of Thomas Fitzalan, Earl 

of Arundel. 



Earl Marshal, K.G. 



John Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk, K.G., d.=pKatherine, dau. of Ralph Neville, Earl of 
in 1432. I Westmoreland. 



The Lady Katherine Mowbray, dau.of John=^Sir John Grey, Knt. of Chillingham. 
Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk. 



J 



IMaud Grey, dau. of Sir John Grey.=T=Sir Robert Ogle, Knt. 

Robert, Lord Ogle, summoned to parlia-=flsabel, dau. and heir of Alexander de Kirk- 
ment, as a Baron, 1461, d. 1469. I by, Esq. of Kirkby. 

Owen, Lord Ogle, summoned to parliament=pEleanor, dau. of Sir William Hilton, Knt. 
from 1482 to 1485. I 



Ralph, Lord Ogle, summoned to parliament=pMargaret, dau. of Sir William Gascoigne. 
from 1509 to 1511. | 

, I 



Sir William Ogle, Knt. of Cawsey Park.=T=Margery, dau. of John Delaval, Esq. 



J^ 



Eleanor Ogle, dau. of Sir William Ogle,: 
Knt. 



-Christopher Selby, Esq. of Biddleston, in 
Northumberland. 



Thomas Selby, Esq. of Biddleston. ^Isabella, dau. of Rt.Clavering, Esq. of Callaly. 

I 
Alexander Selby, Esq. of Biddleston. =pJoan, dau. of Sir Ephraim Widdrington, Knt. 

of Trewitt. 



in 1603. 



Sir William Selby, of Biddleston, knightedyEllen, dau. of Sir Thomas Haggerston, Bart. 
"^"3. 1 of Haggerston. 

I ' 

Charles Selby, Esq. of Biddleston.=pElizabeth Gillibrand, of Chorley. 



:r 



Thomas William Selby, Esq. of Biddleston.=pBarbara, dau. and heir of Christopher Perce- 

I hay, Esq. of Ryton, co. York. 



Thomas Selby, Esq. of Biddleston.=y:Eleanor, dau. of Nicholas Tuite, Esq. 

I 1 '— T 1 1 

Thomas Sel-=7=Catheriue, dau. Nicholas Charles Joseph John, Robert,=T=Theresa,dau.of 



by, Esq. of and heir of Tuite, m. Baron Selby, of died youngest 

Biddleston, Ralph Hod- thrice, & Denmark, b. in U7im. son. 

6. in 1753. shon, Esq. of left two 1755.=?= 

Lintz. daus. I 

, 1 

Wiilter Selby ,=j=Alicia, dau. of Charles-Borre, Baron 
Thomas Swar- de Selby, eldest son, 
breck, Esq. married a dau. of 



the Hon. Chas. 
Talbot, & sister 
of Charles, late 
Earl of Shrews- 
bury. 



of Biddleston, 
d.in 1833, aged 
46. 



John THo.MAS=FAnna Maria,, 



Selby, Esq. b. 
in 1806. 



Capt. Falbe, of the 
Danish Navy.=f= 



dau. of John 
Searle, Esq. of 
Moleswortli. 



ffiBaltrr S'f Itg. Esq. of Biddleston, Six surviving 
present representative of the family. daughters. 



Robert John, and other issue. 



PEDIGRKE L. 



Mzm,''€ol caaiiam Ipearce, iBl,^. 



aifretJ (tte C5rwt), King of ENGLAND.=pEthelbith, or Elswith. 



Edward the Elder, King of 
Englaud. =p 



Edmund 
land. 



I., King of Eng- 



Etlielswida.=pBaudouin II. ( le Chauvre ), 
Comte de Flandre, Boulogne, 
and St. Pol, d. 918. 



J 



Edgar King 
d. 975. 



of England, 



Arnoul 
dre, d. 



I., Comte 
965. 



de Flan-===Alix, dau. of Herbert II., Comte 
de Yermandois. 



J 



Baudouin III. (le Jeune),=f:Maud, dau. of Conradl. le Paci- 



Ethelred the Unready. 



Comte de Flandre, d. (vi. 
pair.) 961. 



fique, Roi de Bourgogne Tans- 
jurane. 



Edmund Ironside, King of 
England. =f= 



Edward the Exile. 



Arnold II., Comte de Flan -=^ Rosalie, dau. of Berengrer II., 
dre, d. 9SS. I Marquis d'lvree & Roi d'ltalie. 

I 
Baudouin IV. (le Barbu),=T=Ogive, dau. of Frederic I. (de 

Comte de Flandre, c?. 1036. Baviere), Comte de Luxem- 
bourg. 



r 



Margaret, sole— Malcolm 



heiress of the 
Saxon Royal 
Line. 



Canmore, 
King of 
Scotland. 



Baudouin V. ( de Lille ),= 
Comte de Flandre, d. 1067. 



=Adele, or Alix, dau. of Robt. II. 
Roi de France, (widow of Rich- 
ard III. Due de Normandie.) 



Maud, d. 1083.=j=WiLLiAM I. (Conqueror), King 
I of England, d. 1U87. 



Matilda, dau. of Mal-=HENRY I. 



colm Canmore, King 
of Scotland. 



Englaud, d. 



King 
1135. 



of 



Maud, (widow of=pGeoffrey V. (Planta- 



Gundred, dau. of the=j=William de Warren, 
Conqueror. Earl of Surrey. 

I 

William de Warren,=pElizabeth, dau. of 



Henry, Emperor of 
Germanj'), d. 1167. 



-_1 



genet), Comte d'An- 
jou, d. 1150. 



Henry II. (Plantage-=T=Eleanor,dau.and heir 



net). King of 
land, d. 1189. 



Eng- 



r 



of William, Due de 
Guienne and Aqui- 
taiue, d. 1162. 



John, King of Eng-=plsabel, dau. of Ay- 
land, d. 1216. mer, Comte d'Angou- 
leme, d. 1246. 



Henry III., King of^^pEleanor, dau. and 



Earl of Warren and 
Surrey, d. May 11.38, 
buried at Lewes. 

I 
William de Warren, = 

Earl of Warren and 
Sun'ey, d. in the Cru- 
sades, going to Jeru- 
salem, 114(5. 

HamlynPlantagenet,= 
Earl of Warren and 
Surrey, in right of 
his wife. 



Hugh the Great, Earl 
of Vermandois. 



=Elva, dau. of 
liam. Earl of 
giers, d. 1174. 



Wil- 
Tan- 



England, d. 1272. 



coheir of Raymond 
Berenger (le Trou- 
badour), Comte de 
Provence, d. 1291. 



William P]antagenet,= 
Earl of Warren and 
Surrey, d. 1239. 



:Isabel, dau. and sole 
heir of William, Earl 
of Warren and Sur- 
rey. 

=Maud, dau. and co- 
heir of Wm. Marsha], 
Earl of Pembroke. 



I 

Edward I., = 
King of Eng- 
land, d. 7 July, 
1307. 



-Eleanor, dau. 
of Ferdinand, 
King of Cas- 
tile and Leon. 



EdmundPlan-: 
tagenet. Earl 
of Lancaster. 



a 



Blanche, 
Queen Dow- 
ager of Na- 
varre. 

s 

c 



John, Earl of= 
Warren and 
Surrey. 



r- 
d 



:Alice, dau. of 
Hugh If ^run, 
Eail of March 
& Angouleme. 



Lieut.^Col raiUiam pcarce, EJ&. 



PEDICURE L 



Edward II.,- 
King of Eng- 
land. 



1 

Edward 



King 
land. 



III.,: 

of Eng- 



■Isabel, of 
France. 



=Pliilippa, 

of 
Hainault. 



EdmundPlan- 
tagenet, sur- 
named of 
Woodstock, 
Earl of Kent, 
son of Ed- 
ward I. 



^Margaret, 
sister and 
heir of 
Tliomas, 
Lord 
Wake. 



Henry Plan-= 
tagenet, Earl 
of Lancaster, 
son of Ed- 
mund, Earl of 
Lancaster. 



d 

I 



Edmund, of: 
Langley,Duke 
ofYork,K.G., 
4lh son, d, 
1402. 



in 



^Isabel, 
youngest 
dau. and 
heir of 
Peter, 
King of 
Castile 
& Leon. 



Lionel Plan-=T=Elizabeth 



tagenet, of 
Antwerp, 
Duke ofCla- 
rence, Earl 
of Ulster, &c. 
KG., '2nd 
son ot Ed- 
ward III. d. 
1368. 



de Burgh, 
dau. and 
heir of 
William, 
Earl of 
Ulster. 



1 

Edward= 

the 
Black 
Prince, 

last 
husband. 



=Mau(], dau. William, (/.t)./).=p Joan, dau. of 



and heir of 
Sir Patrick 
Chaworth. 



Alice, sisterand= 
heir of John de 
Warren, Earl of 
Warren & Sur- 
rey. 



Joan, = 
only 
dau. 
and 
heir, 
the 
Fair 
Maid 
of 
Kent. 



1 



Robert, Jiarl 
of Oxford. 

=Edmund Fitz 
alan. Lord c 
Clun, son of 
Richard, Eai 
of Arundel. 



=Sir Thos. Eleanor, 5th =pRichard Fitz. 



Holland, 
K.G. 



dau. of Henry 
Earl of Lan- 
caster. 



Edmund Mortimer: 
3d Earl of March, 
d. 1382. 



=Philippa, 
dau. and 
heir. 



Richard II. 
King of Eng- 
land. 



alan. Earl ol 
Arundel and 
Surrey. 



Thomas Holland,=T=Lady Alice Fitz 



Roger, Earl of March— Alianore, eldest dau. of 



Earl of Kent,Mar- 
shal of England, d. 
1397. 



& Ulster, Lord Lieut. 
of Ireland, d. 1399. 



-J 



Thos. 2d Earl of Kent, 
and sister and coheir 
of Edmund Holland, 
Earl of Kent. 



Richard,Earl of Cam-= 
bridge, surnamed of 
Coningsburgh,2d son 
and heir ; beheaded 
1414. 



I 

^Anne, dau. and co- 
heir, after the death 
of her brother, Ed- 
mund Mortimer, heir 
to the crown. 



alan, dau. of 
Richard, Earl of 
Arundel. 



Lady Alianore Holland.^^Edward Thomas=|=Lady Eleanor 



eldest dau. and coheir of 
Thomas, Earl of Kent, 
and widow of Roger, 
Earl of March. 



r 



Rich., Duke of York,=^Cicely, dau. of Ralph 
Protector of England, Nevil, Earl of West- 
K.G. killedatthebat- moreland. 
tie of Wakefield,! 460. 



Cherlton, 
Lord 
Powys. 



Monta- 
cute. 
Earl of 
Salis- 
bury. 



J 



Edward IV. 

King of Eng- 
land, d. 1483. 



George, Duke^ 
of Clarence, 
K.G., murder- 
ed in the 
Tower, 1477. 



=Isabel, dau. of 
Richard Nevil, 
Earl of Salis- 
bury and War- 
wick, surnamed 
the Kingmaker. 



Joyce, dau. and coheir=|=John, Lord 
of Edward.Lord Powys. I Tiptoft. 

. __J I I 

Lady Alice 
Montacute, 



Holland, 4th 
dau. and coheir 
of Thomas, Earl 
of Kent. 



Joane, dau. =T=Sir Edmund 



and coheir of 
John, Lord 
Tiptoft. 



Ingoldsthorpe. 



only dau. and 
heir 



=Richard Ne- 
ville, 2nd son 
of Ralph, 1st 
Earl of West- 
moreland. 



Sir Richard, Pole,^Margaret, dau. and heir, 



K.G., d. 1504. 



Countess of Salisbury ; 
beheaded 1541. 



Isabel, dau. and heir of Sir Ed-^John, Marquess of Montacute 
mund Ingoldsthorpe. j K.G., slain at Barnet, 1471. 

Lucy, dau. and coheir of John,=y=Sir Anthony Browne, Knt., 
Marquess of Montacute, K.G. | Standard Bearer of England. 



Henry Pole, Lord=^Jane, dau. of George Ne- Elizabeth, dau. of Sir Anthony=^Henry Somerset, Earl of Wor 



Montacute, son and 
heir ; beheaded in 
1538. 



vil, Lord Abergavenny. 



Browne, d. 1585. 



I 



cester, d. 26 Nov. 1549. 



William, 3d Earl^Christian, Lady Jane =T=Sir Edward 3Ian 



Catherine, eldest =f:Francis, Earl of Hunting- 



dau. and coheir of 
Henry, Lord Mon- 
tacute, d. 1576. 



don, K.G. 



of Worcester, 
K.G., d. 2 Feb. 
1589. 



dau. of Ed- 
ward, Lord 
North. 



Somerset, 
dau. of 
Henry, Earl 
of Worces- 
ter. 



sel, of Margam, 
CO. Glamorgan, 
Knt. 



Lady Elizabeth Hastings, dau. of=pEdward, 4th Earl of 
Francis, Earl of Huntingdon. Worcester, K. G., d. 

I 3 March, 1627-8. 



a 



r 



Cecily, dau.=pSir Rowland Williams 
of Sir Edw. I of Llangibby Castle, co 
Mansel. | Monmouth. 

I 



PEDIGREE L. 



a 



JLimt-dLol milMm IPeatce, i^.JJ)* 

b 



Lady Frances Somerset, dau.=^William Morgan, Esq., of Jane, dau. of-j-Sir Nicholas 



of Edward, Earl of Wor- 
cester. 



Llanlarnam, co. Monmouth. 



Sir Rowland 
Williams, Knt. 



Sir Edward Morgan, Bt., of=j=Mary, dau. of Sir Francis 
Llantarnam, so created 1642. | Englefield. 

I 

Elizabeth, dau. of Sir Edw.^^Sir Philip Jones, Knt., of 



Morgan, Bart., of Llantar- 
nam, 



Treowen, d. 1660. 



r" 



Kemeys, of 
Kevan Mab- 
ley, Bart, the 
defender of 
Chepstow 
Castle. 



Mary, dau. of=pThomas Mor- 



Wm. Jones, Esq. of Llan-=pMary, dau. of Christopher 
arth, CO. Monmouth. | Anderton, Esq. of Lostock. 

Elizabeth Jones, dau. of =pDavid Lewis, Esq. of Llan- 
Wm. Jones, Esq. of Llan- | tliewy Court, 
arth. 



Sir Nicholas 
Kemeys, Bart. 
m. 1644. 



-J 



Thomas Mor-: 
gan, Esq. of 
Lanrumney. 



gan, Esq. of 
Lanrumney. 



:Mary, his 2nd 
wife. 



Francis Lewis, Esq. of Llanthewy=pMary, dau. and coheir of Thos.Mor- 



Court, 1684. 



gan, Esq. of Lanrumney, co. Mon- 
mouth. 



Philip Lewis, Esq. of Lanrumney ,=f Elizabeth, dau. of the Rev. Richard 



d. 26 Dec. 1786. 



Harris, of Llantrissent, co. Gla- 
morgan. 



Elizabeth, 2nd dau. of Philip Lewis,=pJoseph Pearce, Esq. of Staverton 
Esq. d. in 1836. I House, co. Gloucester, d. 1807. 

iLieut.=(rol.51i3ailIiam^Pearfe,IS.f[^.T=Mary Church, only surviving child 



of Ffrwdgrech, co. Brecon, and 
Staverton House, co. Gloucester. 



and heir of William Morrice, Esq. 
of Cardiff, and heir, also, of her 
maternal uncle, Samuel Church, 
Esq. of Ffrwdgrech, co. Brecon. 



John Church Pearce Church, only child, b. 20 Aug. 1839. 



€\mbet\}''^am, toife of Eobert Jl^icfjolson, esq* pkd.orke ... 



Slijailltam tf\c Contiucror, b. I02i,- 
crowned King of England, 29 Dec. 
1066. 



:Maud, dau. of Baldwin V. Count of 
Flanders. 



Henry I. King of 
England. 



T 



Gundred-pWilliam de Warren, 
I Earl of Surrey. 

± -" 

Elizabeth, dau. of^William de Warren, 



The Empress Maud.: 



=Geoffry Plantagenet, 
Count of Anjou. 



Hu^hlhe Great, Earl 
of Vermandois. 



2nd Earl of Surrey, 
Earl of Warren. 



"I 



Henry II. King of=pEleanor, dau. and 



England. 



Henry, Prince of=pAdeline. 
Scotland, Earl of 
Huntinffdon, eldest 
son of David I. King 
of Scotland. 



coheir of William, 
5th Duke of Aqui- 
taine. 



Margaret.: 



■Humphrey de Bo- 
hun. Earl of Here- 
ford. 



r 



John, King of Eng-^Isabel, dau. and heir- 
ess of Aymer, Count 
of Angouleme. 



land. 



Maude, dau. of Geof-=pHenry de Bohun, 
frey Filz Piers, Earl 
of Esse.x. 



Earl of Hereford. 



Maude, dau. of the=i=Humphrey de Bo- 



Earl of Ewe. 






Henry III, King of=pEleanor, 2nd dan. 



hun. Earl of Here- 
ford and Earl of Es- 



sex. 



England. 



and coheir of Ray- 
mond Berenger, 
Count of Provence. 



Eleanor, dau. of Wil-=T=Humphrey de Bo 
liam de Braose of hun. 
Brecknock, descend- 
ed from Dermod Mac 
Murrough, King of 
Leinster.* 



Edward I. King of=T=Eleanor, dau. of Fer- Maude, dau. of In-=^Humphrey de Bo 



England. 



dinand III. King of 
Castile. 



gelram de Fines. 



hun. Earl of Here- 
ford, Earl of Essex 
and Lord High Con- 
stable of England. 



Elizabeth Plantagenet, dau. of King Ed 

WARD I. 



— Humphrey de Bohun. Earl of Hereford, 
Earl of Essex, and Lord High Con- 
stable. 



James Butler, 2nd Earl of Ormond, Lord 
Justice of Ireland in 1.359-60. 



Eleanor de Bohun.=FJames Butler, 2nd Earl of Carrick, Earl 
1 of Ormond. 

I 

=pElizabeth, dau. of Sir John Darcy, Lord 
I Justice of Ireland. 



James Butler, 3rd 
Earl of Ormond. 



Gerald Fitzmaurice, 4lh=pEleanor Butler. 
Earl of Desmond. 



• Eva, dau. of Dermod Mac Murrough ,:^Richard de Clare, Earl of Pembroke, 

King of Leinster. j commonly called Earl Strongbow. 



William Marshall, Earl of Pembroke.^j^Isabci de Clare, an only child 



Eva Marshall.-rWilliam de Braose of Brecknock. 



•T 



Humphrey de Bohun. -pEleanor. 



PEDioREK LI. (2Bliiabett)^3iane, toife of iRobett iI5ic[)ol.son, Csrj 



Mary,* eld. dau. of Ulick de BurghyJames Fitzgerald, 7th Earl of Desmond. 
Mac William Eighter, of Ciaremond, 
ancestor of the Marquess of Clanricarde. | 

Joan Fitzgerald.=T^Thomas, 7th Earl of Kildare.-f 

I ■ 

a 



Charles the Great, commonly called= 



UHARLES tne ureal, commouiy ua.iieu-p 
Charlemagne, King of France. 



Charles, Duke of Ingelheim, 5lh son.=j=Juliana, dau. of Rowland, by a sister of 

Charles the Great. 



r 
Rowland.-p 

Godfrev.=f^ 

Baldwin .-r 



I 

Baldwin.-p 

"John, Earl of Comyn, Baron of Tons-=i= 
burgh iu Normandy. 



Harlowen de Burgo.=T=Arlotta, mother of William the Conqueror. 



T 



Robert de Burgo, Earl of Cornwall.=T=Maude, dau. of Roger de Montgomery, 

I Earl of Shrewsbury. 

William de Burgh, Earl of Cornwall .t= 

Adelm de Burgh .=r=Agnes, dau. of Lewis VII. King of 
France. 

William Fitz Adelm de Burgh, Governor=T=Isabel, natural dau. of Richard I. King 
of Ireland in 1177. i of England, and widow of Llewellyn, 

I Prince of Wales. 



I __ 

Richard de Burgo, surnamed the Great,-]-Hodierna, dau. of Robert de Gernon, by 
Lord of Connaught, Lord Lieutenant Una, dau. of Odo O'Connor, son of Ca- 
of Ireland in 1'227. | hill Crovderg, King of Connaught. 



William de Burgo.-p 
1 

r 

Sir William de Burgh.^A dau. of the family of Mac Jordan, 

I derived from the Nangles. 
I 



I 

Sir Ulick de Burgh Mac William Eighter,=pAgnes, dau. of the Earl of Warwick. 
Lord of Clanricarde, d. in 1429. 

1 -' 

Mary.=pJames, 7th Earl of Desmond. 

t Eva, dau. of Dermod Mac Murrough,=T=Richard de Clare, Earl of Pembroke, 
King of Leinster. commonly called Earl Strongbow. 

William Marshall, Earl of Pembroke.=T=Isabe] de Clare, an only child. 

I 
Isabel Marshall.^Gilbert de Clare, 5th Earl of Hertford, 



T 



Earl of Gloucester. 

Maude, dau. of John de Lacy, Earl of^^^Richard de Clare, 6th Earl of Hertford, 
Lincoln. and 2nd Earl of Gloucester. 

1 



€Iuatietf)=3lane> ttiife of IRotiert il^icbolson, (Bm* ^'^^^or^^ m. 



Gerald Fitzgerald, 8tli Earl of Kildarc.=pAlison, dau. and coheir of Sir Rowland 

Eustace of Harristown, co. Kildare, 
Baron Portlester. 



J 



Gerald Fitzgerald, 9th Earl of Kildare,=y:Elizabeth, dau. of John, Lord Zouch. 
d. 12 Dec. 1534. 



J 



Catherine Fitzgeri'ild.=j:Jenico Preston, 3rd Viscount Gonnanstown. 
Elizabeth Preston.=T=Sir Thomas Nangle, Baron of Navan. 



1 
Walter Nangle, Esq. youngest son, of^Elizabeth Eglantine. 



Kildalkey, co. Meath. 

CO. 



Gerald Nangle, Esq. of Kildalkey, living^Anne, dau. of Scurlock, of the Frayno, 
16U7. CO. Meath. 



Jocelyn Nangle, Esq. of Kildalkey.^yElinor, dau. of Robert Cusack, Esq. of 

Staftbrdstown, co. Meath. 

I 

Walter Nangle, Esq. of Kildalkey, High^Margaret, dau. of George Aylmer, Esq. 
Sheriff of Meath 1663 and 1687. of Hartwell, co. Kildare, 1st wife. 

I ' 

George Nangle, Esq. of Kildalkey.=pCatherine, dau. of Thomas Fitz Symon, 

I Esq. of Dublin. 

r -^ 

Walter Nangle, Esq. of Kildalkey.=T=Elinor, dau. of Charles Dillon, Esq. 2nd wife. 



1. Jane, dau. and=F2. Catherine, dau. of= 



coheir of B. Callan, 
Esq. 



George Sail, Esq. 



Walter Nangle, Esq.^3. Elizabeth, dau. of 



of Kildalkey & Clon- 
baron, co. IVIeath, b. 
Adn 1757. 



William Toole, Esq. 
of Kilcock, CO. Kil- 
dare, 



I 
Charles Nangle, Esq. iEItfatct]& JIanp (^anQltFrlxOlitVt iaicfioISOtt, Esq. of Ballow, 



of New Haggard, co. m. 10 Feb. 1841. 
Meath. 



CO. Down. J. P. 



Hugh Nicholson, Waller Nicholson, Edward Nicholson, 

5. 25 Jan. 1842. b. 17 July, 1843. b. 23 March, 1845. 

a 

Joan of Acres, dau. of Edward I. King=pGilbert de Clare, the Red, 7th Earl of 
of England. I Hertford, and 3rd Earl of Gloucester. 

Ralph de la Roche.=r=Elizabeth de Clare. 

I 

DaTid de la lloche.=T= 



I 

John de la Roche, Lord of Fermoy.=qj 

-J 



Blanche.=|=John Fitz Thomas, Earl of Kildare. 

1 

Joan. dau. of Richard de Burgh, the=j=Thomas Fitz John, 2nd Earl of Kildare, 
Red, Earl of Ulster, m. 16 Aug. 1312. Lord Justice of Ireland in 1320. 

Elizabeth, dau. of Sir Bartholomew=pMaurice Fitz Thomas, 4th Earl of Kil- 
Burghersh, Knight of the Garter. I dare, Lord Justice of Ireland in 1360. 

Margaret, dau. of Sir John Rochford.=^Gerald Fitz Maurice, 5th Earl of Kil- 

i dare. Lord Justice of Ireland in 1405. 
1 1 

Margaret dc la IIerne.=j=John Fitz Gerald, 6th Earl of Kildare. 
I 1 

Joan, dau. of James, 7th Earl of Desmond.==Thomas, 7ih Earl of Kildare. 



PEDIGREE LII. 



ipugbcs, of (^tocrcla^- 



l\f)otrri fHator, Uinq of ESalfS, a.d. 843, <f. in 847. aifretrpEls- Cbarlcmagtie, Emperor of 

with, the West, A.D. 800, d. 814. 



1 "-1 1 

Anarawd, King of Cadell, King of South Myrvyn ap 
North Wales, an- Wales, ancestor of the Rhodri 
cestorofthe50br= ~0brrftgns of ^OUlf) MAWR.King 
rfigns of Xorlf) iLiyalcs. ofPowys, d. 

Uiaks. A.D, 9UU. 

^_ J 

Llewely.n ap Mervyn, excluded from his throne by 
the usurpation of his uncle Cadell, and his cousin 
Howel Dha, successively Kings of South Wales. 



Angharad verch Llew- 
elyn, Queen of Powys. 



_T 



=Owen, King of South 
Wales, ancestor, by his 
first consort, of the Sove- 
reigns of South Wales. 



JIeredith ap Angharad, King of Pow}'s, and, by 
usurpation, Sovereign of North Wales and of South 
Wales. =p 



Angharad verch LLEw-=^Cynfyn ap Gwerystan, a 
ELYN, Queen of Powys. I Noble of Powys. 



Bleddyn AP CYNFYN.King=j:Haer, dau. and heir of 



of Powys, and, by usurpa- 
tion, Sovereign of North 
Wales and South Wales, 
Founder of the iii. Noble 
Tribe of Wales, slain in 
1073. 



Cilin ap y Blaidd Rhuddj 
Lord of Gest-yn-Efionydd, 
in Merioneth. 



Meredith ap BLEDDYX,^Hunydd, dau. of Efnydd 



Prince of Powys, d. a.d. 
1160. 



ap Gwernw)', Lord of Duf- 
fryn Clwyd, in Denbigh- 
land. 



Madoc ap Meredith, last=f^usanna, dau. of Griffith 



Prince of Powys, d, a.d. 
Ii32. 



ap Cynan, Prince of North 
Wales. 



II. OwAiN BROGVN.^Maredd, dau. 



TYN AP Madou, 
Lord of Edeirnion, 
Dinmael, & Aber- 
tanat, in Powys, 
living in 1186. 



of Einion ap 
Sitsylt, Lord 
of Mathafern. 



1. Griffith Maelor, 
Lord of 1 rom- 
field, ancestor of 
dnen ^len= 

llOlDEr, represen- 
tative of the So- 
vereigns of 
Powvs. 



loRwoRTH AP OwAiN BR0-=f=Efa, dau. and heir of Ma- 
GYXTYN, who inherited doc, Lord of ALiwddwy, 
Half Edeirnion. younger son of Gwenwyu- 

wyn, Prince of Powys- 
Wenwvnwyn. 



(tfie 
Oreat), 

King 
OF Eng- 
land. 

d. 901. 



_J 



Louis, Emperor of the West, 
d. 840. 

J 



Charles le Chauve, Emperor 
of the West, and King of 
France. 

J 



The Princess^Baldwin I. 



Judith, widow 
of Ethelwolf, 
King of Eng- 
land, m. 862. 



Count of 
Flanders, d. 
880. 



Edward the El- Ethelwida,=j=Baldwin II. 
der. King of dau. of Al- { Count of 
England. fred the i Flanders, m. 

=f= Great. i 889, d. 918. 



J 



L 



Edmund I., 
King of Eng- 
land. 



Alix, dau. of= 

Herbert II., 

Comte de 

Vermandois. 



=Arnoul I., 
Comte de 
Flandre, d. 
965. 



Edgar, King of 
Ensrland, d.975. 



Ethelred the 
Unready. 



Maud, dau.=F 
of Conrad I. 
le Pacifique, 
Roi de Bour- 
gogne Tans- 
jurane. 



^Baudouin 
III. (le Je- 
une) Comte 
de Flandre, 
d. (vi. patr.) 
961. 



L 



I — 

Edmund Iron, 
side. King of 
England. 

T 



Rosalie, dau.= 
of Berenger 
IL, Marquis 
d'lvreeetKoi 
d' Italic. 



1 

■Arnoul II., 

Comte de 

Flandre, d. 

988. 



1 



Ogive, dau.=^Baudouin 
of Frederick IV. (le Bar- 



r 
Edward (lie 

Exile. 



Marga-= 
ret, sole 
heiress 
of the 
Saxon 
Line. 



=Mal. 
colm 
Can- 
more, 
King 

of 
Scot- 
land. 



I.(le Baviere) 
Comte de 
Luxembourg. 

Adele, or= 
Alix, dau. of 
Robl. U. Roi 
de France, 
(widow of 
Richard III. 
Due de Nor- 
maudie.) 

iL33iIltam 

the 

Contjurror, 

King of Eng- 
land, c?.10S7. 



bu) Comte 
de Flandre, 
d. 1036. 



-Baudouin V. 
(de Ville), 
Comte de 
Flandre, d. 
1067. 



=p;Maud, dau. 
of Baudouin 
V. Comte 
de Flandre, 
d. 1083. 



I 



Matilda, dau. of 
colni Canmore, 
of Scotland. 



Mal-=HENRY I., King of 
King England, d. 1135. 



A 



I^U0[)C0, of etoercla,0. 



I'EDIGREE LII. 



a 



Griffith ap IoR-=f"G\venllian, dau. of 
David Goch, Lord of 
Penmaclmo, in Caer- 
narvon, son of Uavid, 

Prince of North 
Wales, executed by 
Edward I. in 1202. 



WERTH, a Baron of 
Edeirnion, living 22 
July, 12 Edw. I., 
1284, the dale of a 
grant of confirma- 
tion, by which Edwd. 
I. " concessit quod 
habeai et leneat oni- 
nes terras suas per- 
Baroniam." 

I 

David ap Griffith,: 

a Baron of Edeir- 
nion. 



:Agnes,dau. ofMadoc 
Vychan ap lorwerth 
Vychan, Baron of 
Main yn Meifod, co. 
Montgomery. 



Llewelyn Ddu, ap=^Agnes, dau. of levan 



David, II. Baron of 
Kymmer-yn-Edeir- 
nion, in Merioneth- 
shire, living 44 Edw, 
Ill.brother and heir 
of Owain ap David, 
first recorded Baron 
of Kymmer-yn- 
Edeirnion. 

J 

I EVAN AP Llewelyn^ 
Ddu, III. Baron of 
Kymmer-yn-Edeir- 
nion. 



ap lorwerth, of 
Llanwyllyn, in 
Merionethshire, de- 
rived from Sandde 
Hardd, Lord of Bur- 
ton, in Deubighland. 



^Margaret, Baroness of 
Crogen and Branas, 

in Merionethshire, 
underage 44 Edward 
III., dau. and heir 
of levan ap Llewelyn, 
Baron of Crogen and 
Branas, derived from 
Griffith, Lord of Half 
Edeirnion, living a. d. 
1200, second son of 

Owain Brogyntyn, 
Lord of Edeirnion. 



_J 



Rhys ap Ikvan, iv.= 
Baron of Kymmer- 
yn- Edeirnion, and 
Baron of Crogen & 
Branas, under age 
15 and 16 Rich. XL, 
1391-2, and Raglor 
of Abertanat, 2 
Henry V., 1415. 

I _ 

DvviD ap Rhys, v.-r 

Baron of Kymmer- 

yn-Edeirnion, d. 2a 

Oct., 23 Hen. VI., 

1444 ; ■ Inq. p. m. 

taken 8 Hen. VII., 

1192-3. 



=Angharad, dau. and 
heir of Howel ap 
MeuricVychan, Lord 
of Nannau, co. Meri- 
oneth, derived from 
Cadwgan, Lord of 
Nannau, younger son 
of Bleddyn ap Cyu- 
fyn, King of Powys. 

^Mali, dau. of levan, 
of Kynnerth, in War- 
dress Issa, in Edeir- 
nion, living G Henry 
VI., son of Einion ap 
Grillith, of Corsyge- 
dol, CO. Merioneth, 
derived from Osborn 
Fitzgerald, Lord of 
Ynys-y-Maengwyn, 
in Merionethshire. 



Henry V.=^Matilda, = 
Emperor m.3 April, 
ofGer- 1127, li. 4 
many. Sejjt. 

1167. 



^Geoffrey Plantagenet, Comte 
d'Anjou, son and heir of 
Ffoulk, King of Jerusalem, 
byEremburga, dau. of Heiias, 
Count ofMans,rf.7Sept.ll50. 



Henry II. Kingof Eng-=FEleanor, dau. and co-heir of 



land, b. in 1133, m. 
1151, d. 7 July, 1189. 



John, King of England,^ 
b. in 11G6, m. in 1200, 
d. 17 Oct.l21G. 



_L 



William, v. Due d'Aqui- 
taine, divorced wife of Louis 
VII., King of France, d. 26 
June, 1202. 

=lsabel, dau. and heir of 
Aymer Taillefer, Comte 
d'Angouleme. 



"1 



Henry III.,=^Eleanor, second Eleanor,-pSimon de 



King of Eng- 
land, b. 1 Oct. 
1206, m. 14 
Jan. J 236, d. 
16 Nov. 1272. 



dau. and coheir widow of 
of Raymond Be- William 
renger, Comte Marshall, 
de Provence. Earl of 

Pem- 
broke. 



Edward^ 
I., King 
of Eng- 
land, b. 
17 June, 
1239. 

I 

The Princess ELEANOR,=T=Henry, 



^Eleanor, dau. of Ferdi- 
nand 111., King of Castile, 
only child, by Joan, his 
second wife, dau. and heir 
of John Comte de Pon- 
thieu, d. 27 Nov. 1290. 



Mont fort, 
Earl of 
Leicester, 
m. 7 Jan. 
1238. 



The=FLle- 



Lady 
Elea- 
nor de 
Mont- 
fort, d. 

Vim. 



b. at Windsor, 50 Henry 
111. espoused by proxy 
to Alphonso, King of 
Arragon, who d. before 
the solemnization of the 
marriage. Shec?. in 1298. 



Comte de 
Bai, in 
France. 
He m. at 
Bristol, 
in 1294. 



welyn 
ap 

Grif- 
fith, 

Prince 
of 

North 

Wales. 



Ed- 
ward, 
Comte 
deBar, 
ances- 
tor of 
the 
Dues 

AND 
COMTES 

DE Bar. 



The =John 
Lady Plan- 



Joan 
de 

Bar, 
d.s.p. 

in 
1347. 



tage- 

net, 

Earl 
of 

War- 
ren 

and 

Surrey 



THE=pLle- 
Lady 
Elea- 
nor 



DE 

Bar. 



welyn Prin- 
ap cess 

Owen, Cathe- 
rine, 
dau. 
and 



The T=Philip 



Lord 

of 
South 
Wales, heir. 
Repre- 
sentative 

of the 
Sovereign 
Princes 
of South 
Wales 



ap 

Ivor, 
Lord 

of 
Caer- 
digan. 



r 



J 



-J 



Thomas ap LLE-=FThe Lady Eleanor, dau. and heir 
of Philip ap Ivor, Lord of Is- 
coed, in Cardigan. 



WELYN, Lords of 
South Wales. 



a 



The Lady Elea-- 
NOR, dau. and 
heir. 



r 



:Griffilh Vychan, Lord of Glyn- 
dwrdwy, in Merionethshire, re- 
presentative of Griffith Maelor, 
Lord of Bromficld, eldest son of 
Madoc ap Meredith, last Prince 
of Powys. 



PEDIGREE LII. 

a 

Griffith Vychan AP=pMargaret, dau. of 
David, vi. Baron of William ap Meredith 
Kymmer-yn-Edeir- of Mochnantyn-Rha- 
nion. iadr, derived from 

Einion Efell, Lord of 
Egl\vys-Egle,younger 
son of Madoc ap Me- 
redith, Prince of 
Powys. 



©ugj)es, of (^toerclas* 



I — 

William 
FiTH Vychan, vn. 
Baron of Kymmer- 
yn-Edeirnion. 



AP GKiF-=^Margaret, third dau. 
of Meredith ap David, 
of Melai, and Vron- 
heulog, CO. Denbigh, 
derived, through Gro- 
no Llwyd ap y Pen- 
wyn, of Melai, from 
Marchudd apCynan, 
Lord of Brynfienigl, 
in Denbighland. 



Hugh ap William ,= 
of Gwerclas, in 
Edeirnion, co. Me- 
rioneth, viii. Baron 

of Kymmer-yn- 
Edeirnion, living 27 
Feb., 37Hen.Vin., 
1546 ; m. after 31 
Henry VHI., d. at 
Gwerclas, 28 Feb., 
42 Elizabeth, Inq. 
fi.wi. taken 1 Dec, 2 
James L 



Richard Hughes,= 
Esq. of Gwerclas, 
X. Baron of Kym- 
mer-yn - Edeirnion, 
brother and succes- 
sor of Humflfrey 
Hughes, Esq. of 
Gwerclas, ix. Baron 
of Kymmer - yn - 
Edeirnion, High 
Sheriff of Merion- 
ethshire, 1G19, 
(living 7 Oct. 36 
Elizabeth, 1594, d. 
6 Feb., 8 James I. 

1620.) Richard 
Hughes was living 8 
April, 1592, m. 2 
Nov. 1601, d. 21 
March, 1641, circ 
at. 80. 



:Alis, dau. of Richard 
ap Thomas, of Caer- 
valwch yn Llanynys, 
CO. Denbigh, derived 
from Llowarch Hol- 
bwrch, Treasurer of 
Griffith ap Llewelyn, 
Prince of North 
Wales, living 3 Dec. 
45 Elizabeth, 1602. 



-Francesca, widow of 
Richard Evers, Esq., 
and dau. of lovanni 
Voipe, " an Italian 
Doctor, ffamous in 
Queene Elizabeth's 

time, went with 
George Earl of Cum- 
berland most of his 
sea voyages, and was 
with him at the taking 
of Portorico, in the 
Indies." She d. 29 
June, 1636. 



I 
Tudor, Lord of 
Gwyddelwern, 
in Edeirnion, 

upwards 
of 24 years old 
3 Sept., 10 
Rich. II. 1386, 
when he appear- 
ed as a witness 
in the Scrope 
and Grosvenor 
controversy. 



=Maud, dau. of 
levan apHowel, 
derived through 
Cyhelin, youn- 
ger son of Tu- 
dor ap Rhys, 
from Tudor 
Trevor, Lord of 
Hereford. 



©tDcn 
(Glfn&oton' 

Representa- 
tive of the 
S>oberpign9 
of iaotogs, 

5lJ2iaUs.an& 
Xort]& 
Wales. 



Griffith ap Einion, of Corsy-=pLowry, dau. 



gedol Llysvassi and Gwyddel- 
wern, CO. Merioneth, derived 
through Osborne Fitzgerald, 
Lord of Ynys-y-Maengwyn, co. 
Merioneth, from Walter Fitz 
Otho, Progenitor of the Ducal 
House of Leinster. 



and heir, 
widow of 
Robert ap 
Griffith 
Goch. 



II. Ellis=pMargaret, dau. and heir 



ap 
Griffith, 

of 
Gwyd- 
delwern 



of Jenkyn ap levan, of 
Plas-yn-Yale, co. Den- 
bigh, brother of Tudor 
ap levan, of Bodidris, 
ancestor of the Lloyds, 
of Bodidris, Barts., 
derived from Llewelyn 
ap Ynyr o'lal, Lord of 
Gelligynan,inDenbigh- 
land. 



1 

I. Griffith 

Vaughan, 

Esq. of 

Corsy gedol, 

ancestor of 

the Vaugh- 

ANS of 

CORSYGE- 
DOL. 



John Wynn= 

ap Ellis, of 

Bryntangor, 

CO. Denbigh. 



I 

ReGER Ap: 

JohnWy'nn 
of Bryntan- 
gor. 



^Margaret, dau. of David ap EI- 
William Lloyd lis, of Plas- 
apMadoc Vychan 
of Llwyn Dyrys. 



yn-Yale, an- 
cestor of the 
Yales of 
Plas.yn- 
Yalb. 



:Helen, dau. of Foulk Salusbury, 
of Llanrwst, co. Denbigh, son 
of Thomas Salusbury, of Lle- 
weni, CO. Denbigh, Esq. 



JoHNWYNN=f=Elizabeth, dau. and heir of 



AP Roger, of 
Bryntangor. 



David Lloyd, of Cefn-Rug, co. 
Merioneth, Gent., derived from 
Llewelyn Aurdorchog, Lord of 
Yale, in Denbighland. 



John =j=Catherine, dau. of John Wj'nn, 
Rogers, Esq. of Brynglas Lloyd and Plas 
E.sq. of Einion, co. Denbigh, a cadet of 
Bryntangor. the House of Plas-yn-Yale. 



HuMFFREY Hughes, Esq. of Gwerclas, xi.= 
Baron of Kymmer-yn-Edeirnion, High 
Sheriff of Merionethshire in 1661, 6. 14 
Aug. 1605, m. (aged 10) 13 Aug, 1615 ; 
will dated 25 April, 1682; buried at 
Llangar, 4 May, 1682. 



-Magdalen Rogers, heiress of Bryntangor, 
dau. and heir, h. 21 Aug. 1602, bur. 20 
Oct. 1655. 



a 



Jt)ugf)cs, of <^tocrcla0. 



PEDIGREE LII. 



Thomas Hughes, Esq. of Gwerclas and Hendreforfydd,=pMargaret, dau. of Thomas GrifTith, of Plas 



a Barrister, served as a Captain under the Royalist 
standard of Charles I., b. 10 Sept.lC28, d.v.p. '2 April, 
1670. 



Einion, co. Denbigh, Esq. of the lineage of 
Edwin ap Grono, Lord of Tegaingl, in Flint- 
shire. 



John Hughes. Esq. third= 
and eventually only sur- 
viving younger son, 
seated at Kymmer-yn- 
Edeirnion,-was b. '28 Aug. 
1662, m. 3 Nov. 1693, 
drowned 1 July, 1691. 



:Dorulhy, dau. of Andrew 
Lloyd, of Plymog, co. 
Denbigh, Esq. d. in child- 
birth, 2 July, 169-l,derived 
from Ednyfed Vychan, 
Lord of Brynffenigl, in 
Denbighland. 



Hugh Hughes, Esq.= 

of Gwerclas and 
Bryntangor, xii. Ba- 
ron of Kymmer-yn- 
Edeirnion, High She- 
riff of Merionethshire, 
in 1720, b. 31 July, 
1659, buried 2 April, 
1725. 



^Dorothy, his cousin, 
dau. of Thomas Yale, 
of Plas-yn-Yale, co. 
Denbigh, Esq. derived 
from Osborn Fitzge- 
rald, Lord of Ynysy- 
maengwyn, b. 23 Jan. 
1650, living 25 Oct. 
1725. 



Daniel Hughes, Esq.^Catherine, dau. and heir of Dorothy Hughes,=^Edward Lloyd, of Ply 



succeeded as Heir Male 
of the Hughes's of Gwer- 
clas, B.utoNs OF Kymmer- 
yn-Edeirmon, on the de- 
cease, without male issue, 
of his uncle, HughHughes, 
Esq. Born 2 July, 1694, 
m. 14 Feb. 1740, d. 14 
Aug. 1754. 



the Rev. John Wynn, of 
Pen-y-Clawdd, co. Den- 
bigh, derived from Edwin 
Lord of Tegaingl, in Flint- 
shire. Died 2 April, 1 760. 



heiress of Gwerclas 
and Bryntangor, dau. 
and heir, m. in Dec. 
1724, d. 27 Aug. 1732, 



r 



_j 



John Hughes, Esq. of=T=Mary, dau. of John Jones, 



Pen-y-Clawdd,6.25 June, 
1742, Ml. 22 July, 1764, 
d. 29 April, 1784. 



of Plas-Hen, 
gomery, Esq. 



CO. Mont- 
a younger 
branch of the Denbigh- 
shire House of Llwynon, 
derived fromTudorTrevor, 
Lord of Hereford. Born 16 
Feb. 1739-40, d. 10 Feb. 
1823. 



J 



William Hughes, Esq. of=^Elizabeth, dau. of Thomas 



Hughes-HughesLloyd: 
Esq. of Plymog and 
Gwerclas, b. 22 Oct. 
1725, m. 18 April, 
1766, d. 31 March, 
1788. 



Pen-y-Clawdd, b. 8 Feb. 
1779. in. 27 March, 1800, 
d. 18 Jan. 1836, 



Davies, of Trefynant. co, 
Denbigh, Esq. derived from 
Thomas Davies, Esq. liv- 
ing 24 Oct. 36 Charles II., 
1684, second son, (by 
Elizabeth, his wife, dau. 
of Sir Thomas Wilbraham, 
of Woodhey, co. Chester, 
Bart.) of Mutton Davies, 
of Gwysaney, co- Flint, 
and of Llanerch Park, co, 
Denbigh, Esq. descended 
from Cynric Efell, Lord 
of Eglwys Egle, son of 
Madoc, last Prince of 
Powys. Died 4 April, 1844. 



mog, CO. Denbigh, 
Esq. High Sheriff of 
Merionethshire in 
1732, and of Denbigh- 
shire in 1736, derived, 
through Ednyfed Vy- 
chan, Lord of Bryn- 
ffenigl, from Marchudd 
ap Cynan, Lord of 
Brynffenigl, Founder 
of the VIII. Noble 
Tribe of North Wales 
and Powys. Died 16 
May, 1742. 

^Margaret, dau. and 
heir of Richard Wal- 
mesley, of Coldcoates 
Hall, CO. Lancaster, 
and of Bashall, co. 
Y'ork, Esq. Represen- 
tative of the Talbots 
de Bashall, senior line 
of the great House of 
Shrewsbury. Died 26 
May, 1800. 



Richard-Hughes=j=Caroline,dau.of Henry 



Lloyd,Esq.of Plymog, 
Gwerclas and Bashall, 
b. 4 Nov.' 1768, >«. 9 
Oct, 1798, d. 24 Jan. 
1822. 



Thompson, Esq. d. 23 
Nov. 1816. 



3i23tlliam=i=Eliza-Anne, dau. 



?^U9f)fS, 
Esq. b. 18 
April, 1801, 
w. 11 Julv, 
1835. 



of William- Henry 
Worlhington. Esq. 
of Sandiway Bank, 
CO, Chester, for- 
merly a C'iptain in 
the iloyal Horse 
Guards, (Blue.) 



Thomas 
Hughes, M.D. 
of St. Peter's 
College, Cam- 
bridge, b. 22 
Aug. 1803. 



John Hughcs,=^Dorothea, eldest 



Esq. of the 

InnerTemple, 

Barrister-at- 

law, b. 6 Oct. 

1805, m. 5 
July, 1832. 



dau. of Richard- 
Hughes Lloyd, of 
Plymog, CO. Den- 
bigh, Gwerclas, co. 
Merioneth, and 
Bashall, co. York, 
Esq, 



Richard Wal- 
mesley Lloyd, 
Esq. b. 3 Aug. 
1801, eldest 
son and heir. 



^ 



William OTarrell, 
b. 18 Feb. 1838. 



Frances Elizabeth 
Margaretta. 



Talbot dk Bashall Hughks, 
b. 15 Dec. 1836. 



PEDIGREE LIII. 



^it Digljp a^ackttJOttJ), I5art. 



(IHjtoartr h, King of England.=j=Margaret, dau. of Philip III. King of 

France. 2nd wife. 



r 



Edmund Plantage-= 
net, surnamed of 
Woodstock, Earl of 
Kent, d. 1329, young- 
est son of Edward I. 



'Margaret, sister and 
heir of Thomas, Lord 
Wake. 



Thomas de Brother-=FAlice, dau. of Sir 



ton, Earl of Norfolk, 
elder son of Ed- 
ward I. by his '2nd 
queen. 



Roger Halys. 



Edward '■ 
the 
Black 
Prince, 
last hus- 
band. 



=The Lady Joan=j=Sir Thomas 



Plantagenet, "the 
Fair Maid of 
Kent," dau. and 
eventual lieiress. 



Richard Thomas Holland. 
IL King '2nd Earl of Kent. 
of Eng- 
land. 



Holland, 
K.G., Lord 
Holland. 



Lady Alice 
Fitzalan, 
dau. of 
Richard, 
Earl of 
Arundel. 



Lady Margaret Plan-=T=John, Lord Segrave. 
tagenet. Duchess of 
Norfolk, dau. and 
heiress. 



I 

Elizabeth, dau. 
heiress. 



and=f=John, 
bray, 



Lord Mow- 



-_i 



Thomas de Mow-=pLady Elizabeth Fitz 



bray, 
folk. 



Duke of Nor- 



alan, sister and co- 
heir of Thomas, Earl 
of Arundel. 



The Lady Eleanor=FThomas Montacule, 



Holland, 
coheir. 



dau. and 



Earl of Salisbury. 



Lady Margaret de^^Sir Robert Howard. 

Mowbray, dau. and 

coheir. 



r 



The Lady Alice Mon-=T=Richard Nevill, Earl Sir John Howard,=T=Catherine, dau 



tacule, only dau. and 
heir. 



of Salisbury. 



Richard 

Nevill, 
Earl of 
Warwick 
the re- 
nowned 
" King- 
Maker." 



John Nevill, Mar-= 
quess of Montague, 
K.G. 2nd son, d. 
1471. 



r" 
Lady 



Isabel, dau, 
of Sir Ed- 
mund In- 
goldslhorp, 
knt. 



Duke of Norfolk. 



Thomas Howard,^ 
Duke of Norfolk. 



William, 
lines. 



Lord 



. of 
Mo- 



^Elizabeth Tilney, an 
heiress. 



The Lady EIizabeth=T=Sir Thomas Boleyne, 
Howard, dau. of created Earl of Wilt- 
Thomas, Duke of 
Norfolk. 



Lucy Nevill,=^Sir Anthony Browne, 



created Earl of Wilt- 
shire. 



4th dau. and coheir. 



Knt. Standard Bearer 
of England, d. 1506, 



Sir Anthony Brosvne,=pAlice, dau. of Sir 



K. G., Standard 
Bearer to the king. 



John Gage, K.G. 



I 

Lady Anna Bo- 

LEYNE, Queen Con- 
sort of Henky VIII. 



Elizabeth, Queen 
of England. 



George 
Vis- 
count 
Roche- 
fort. 



Ladv=FWm. 



Mary 

Bo- 

leyne. 



Browne, 2nd=^Gerald, lllh Earl of Katherine, dau. or=pSir Francis Knollys, 



Mabel 

dau. of Sir Anthony 

Browne, K.(i. 



Gary, 
Esq. 



Kildare. 



William Cary, Esq. 



K.G. 



^ir Di0t)j> ipacfetoortfi, IBaxt 



PEDIGRKE LlII 



Gerald, Lord Offaley, 6. 28 Dec. 15iJ9,=pCa(herine, dau. of Sir Francis Knollys, 

d.v.p. 15S0. I K.G. 

I 

Leltice FiizgLTaUl, only dau. and heiress, =j:Sir Robert Digby, of Coleshill, co. War- 
created Baroness Oflaley for life. svick, d. 1618. 

( ~ 

Robert. 1st Lord Digby, of Geashill, in=T=Lady Sarah Boyle, dau. of Richard, Ist 
the King's county. | Earl of Cork. 

I -* 

Kildare, 2nd Lord Digby, d. II July,=T=Mary, dau. of Robert Gardiner, Esq. of 
1661, 1 Loudon, d. 23 Dec. 1G92. 

I -" 

William, Lord Digby .=rLady Jane Noel, dau. of Edward, Ist 
j Earl of Gainsborough. 



The Hon. Juliana Digby, 2nd dau. of=FHerbert Mackworth, Esq. of Neath, 
Lord Digby, m. 29 April, 1730. M.P. for Cardiff, 1739. 

I • 

Sir Herbert Mackworth, of GnoU Csstle,=FEliza, dau. of Robert Cotton Trefusis, 
Glamorganshire, M.P,, created a Baro- Esq. of Trefusis, co. Cornwall, and 
net, 14 Aug. 1776, d. 1791. great aunt of Lord Clinton. 



Sir Digby Mackworth, Bart., successor=T=Jane, only dau. and heir of the Rev. 
to his brother, d. 2 May, 1838. I Matthew Deere, m. in 1788. 



Marie Alexandrine Ignatie=f=Str Dtgbj) itlacfetDOrt^, Bart.,=pSophia Noel, dau. of James 



Julie, only dau. of General 
and the Baroness de Riche- 
pance, 1st wife, d. 16 March, 
1818. 



of Glen Uske, co. Monmouth, Co- 
lonel in the army, and K.H., 18th 
in direct descent from Edward 
I., King of England. 



Mann, Esq. of Linton 
House, Kent. 2nd wile. 



Digby Francis, only son. 



Horace Eugene. 



1 

Julia Henrietta 



k 



PEDIGREE LIV. 



<^eorg:e William TBlatfttoapt, (S^q, 



^^tlltam tfte CTonqueror, King of^Maud, dau. of Baldwin V. Count of 
England. Flanders. 



Henry I. King of=pMaud, dau. of Mai- William de Warren,=|=Gundred, dau. of 



England, d. 1135. 



colin Canmore, King 
of Scotland, by Mar- 
garet, his queen, sis- 
ter of Edgar Atheling, 
heir to the Saxon 
Kings of England. 



Earl of Warren. 



Elizabeth, dau. of= 
Hugh the Great, Earl 
of Vermandois. 



William the Con- 
queror. 



=William de Warren, 
Earl of Warren and 
Surrey. 



The Empress Maud,=f=Geofrrey, Earl of 
m. 2 April, 1127. | Anjou. 



Ala, dau. of William,=f=William de Warren, 



son of Robert, Earl 
of Belesme. 



Earl of Warren and 
Surrey, d. 1147. 



Hksry II. King of=r=Eleanor, eldest dau. 



England, d. 1189. 



and heir of William, 
Duke of Aquitaine. 



Hameline Plantage-— Isabella, only child, 
net, Earl of Warren 
and Surrey. 



John, King of Eng-=plsabel, dau. of Aymer, 
land, d. 1216. | Count ofAngoulesme. 



Maud, dau. of Wil-: 
liam Marshall, Earl 
of Pembroke. 



Henry III. King of=i=Eleanor, dau. and co- 
England. I'eir of Raymond Be- 
renger, Count of Pro- 
vence. 



L- 



1 

^William Warren, 

Earl of Warren and 

Surrey. 



~i 



Alice.dau. ofHughIe=pJohn Warren, Earl 



Brun, Earl of March. 



EdmundPlantagenet,=pBlanche, Queen 
Earl of Lancaster, Dowager of Navarre, 
2nd son. dau. of Robert, Count 

I of Artois. 

I -J 

Henry Plantagenet,=j=Maud, dau. and heir 
Earl of Lancaster. | of Sir Patrick Cha- 

k'orth. 



of Warren and Sur- 
rey. 

1 

Joan, dau. of Robert=T= William Warren, 

de Vere, Earl of Ox- " 

ford. 

' -1 . 

Edmund Fitzalan,=j=Lady Alice, sister 



=p V* 1111 

d.v.p 



Earl of Arundel. 



.ster. I of 
J "' 



and sole heir of John, 
last Earl of Warren 
and Surrey. 



Lady Eleanor Plantagenet, dau. of=f=Richard Fitzalan, Earl of Arundel. 
Henry, Earl of Lancaster. | 

Lady Mary Fitzalan, youngest dau.=pJohn, Lord Strange of Blackmere. 

I ' 

Ankaret Le Strange, dau. and eventual=j=Sir Richard Talbot, Lord Talbot, sum- 
heir. I moned to parliament a.d. 1387. 



Mary Talbot, sister of the great Earl of=f=Sir Thomas Greene, Knt. of Greene's 
Shrewsbury. | Norton, co. Northampton. 

( ■ ' 

Sir Thomas Greene, Knt. of Greene's=f=Philippa, dau. of Robert, Lord Ferrers 
Norton, co. Northampton. | of Chartley. 

f -^ 

Sir Thomas Greene, Knt of Greene's=^Matilda, dau. of John Throckmorton, 
Norton. I Esq. 

Sir Thomas Greene, Knt. of Greene's^pJohanna, dau. of Sir John Fcgg. Knt. 
Norton. | 



I — 
a 



Ann Greene, dau. and coheir.=f=Sir Nicholas Vaiix, Knt. created in 1523, 

I Baron Vaux of llarrowden. 

I 



^Scctgc 223ilUam T5lat6toapt, Csq. 



PEDIGREE LIV 



a 

Thomas, 2nd Lord Vaux of Harrowden,=pElizabeth, dau. and heir of Sir Thomas 
d. in 15G2. | Cheney, Knt. of Irtlingbury, co. North- 

ampton. 



J 



The Hon. Anne Vaux.=i=Rcginald Bray of Steyne, youngest son 

of Reginald Bray, Esq. of Barrington. 



Temperance Bray, 4th dau. and cohcir.=pSir Thomas Crewe, of Stene, iwrc uxoris, 

I d. in 163.3. 



John, Lord Crewe, of Stene, d. VI Dec.=pJemima, dau. and coheir of Edward Wal- 
1679. degrave, Esq. of Lawford, in Essex. 

I ~ 

The Hon. Anne Crew, youngest dau. of=i=Ednnind Pye, M.D. of Farringdon, 
, Lord Crew, and widow of Sir Henry I Berkshire, 2nd husband. 
" Wright, Bart, of Dagenham. | 



Henry Pve, Esq. of Farringdon, d. in=f=Anne, only dau. of Sir Benjamin Ba- 

1748-9. ' 1 thurst. 

I 

Charles Pye, Esq. of Wadley, Berks, 4th=f=Anne, eldest dau. of the Rev. Henry 
son, High Sheriif in 17'j7. | Mainwaring. 

I ' 

Isabella Pye, 3rd dau. of Charles Pye,=j=The Rev. George William Blathwayt, 
Esq. of Wadley. j Rector of Langridge, co. Somerset. 

George SiiHilltam Blatl&tDagt, Esq. now of Dyrham Park, co. Gloucester, 
19th in direct descent from Henry IH., King of England, and 24lh in 
direct descent from Gundred, daughter of William the Conqueror. 



PEDIGREE LV. 



mtlMm ^elb? lotontieg, (Bm* 



Eleanor, of Castile,=panib)ar& I. d. 1307; 
1 St wife. 



T 



Margaret, of France, dau. of Philip, King of 
France, and grand-dau. of St. Louis, 2nd wife. 



Edward II.=Flsabel, of Thomas, of Brothertoii, Earl Edmund of Wood-=pMargaret, sister 



d. 1327. 



France. 



of Norfolk, 2nd son, from stock, Earl of Kent, 
whom, in the female line, the 3rd sou; beheaded 
Howards descend. 1329. 



and heir of 

Thomas, Lord 

Wake. 



EnWAi!D III.=pPhilippa, of Sir Thomas Holland,=pJoan, "the Fair Maid of Kent," only 



d. 1377. 



Hainault. Earl of Kent, K.G., 
d. 1360. 



dau. of Edmund of Woodstock, Earl of 
Kent, and sister and heir of John, Earl 
of Kent, d. 1385. 



Edward Edmund, =plsabel, young- Lionel Plantagenet,-pElizabeth Thomas =pAlice, dau, 



the ofLangley, 
Black Duke of 
Prince. York,K.G , 

=T= 4th son, 

d. 1402. 



Richard II. 
d.s.p. 



est dau. and of Antwerp, Duke of 
heir of Peter, Clarence, Earl of 
King of Gas- Ulster,&c,K.G.,2nd 
tile and Leon, son, d. 1368. 



de Burgh, Holland, 

dau. and Earl of 

heir of Kent, d. 

William, 1396. 
Earl of 
Ulster. 



Edmund Mortimer, 3rd-r-Philippa, dau. and heir. 
Earl of March, d. 1382. 

r^ 



of Richard 
Fitzalan, 
Earl of 
Arundel. 



Eleanor, eldest dau.; sister of Thos. Holland, 
Duke of Surrey, and sister and coheir of 
Edmund Holland, Earl of Kent. 



Roger, Earl of March and 
Ulster, Lord Lieutenant 
of Ireland, d. 1399. 

. I 

I I 

Richard, Earl of Cambridge. sur-^Anne, dau. and coheir, after the death of 
named of Coningsburgh, 2nd son I her brother, Edmund Mortimer, heiress to 
and heir; beheaded 1414. | the crown. 



Richard, Duke of York, Protector of England, K.G.,=f=Cecily, dau. of Ralph Nevil, 
killed at the battle of Wakefield, 1460. | Earl of Westmoreland. 
, 1 



Edward IV. King of 
England, d. 1483. 



George, Duke of Clarence, K.G.,=T=lsabel, dau. of Richard Neville, 



murdered in the Tower. 1477. 



Earl of Salisbury and Warwick, 
surnamed the Kingmaker. 



Sir Richard Pole, K.G., d. 1504.-pMargaret, dau. and heir. Countess of 

I Salisbury; beheaded 1541. 

I 

Henry Pole, Lord Montacute, son and=f=Jane, dau. of George Neville, Lord of 
heir : beheaded 1538. ( Abergavenny. 

r- ' 

Sir Thomas Hastings,= Winifred Pole, dau.- 



1st husband. 



and coheir. 



r 



:Sir Thomas Barrington, of Barring- 
ton Hall, Essex, 2d husband. 



Sir Francis Barrington, Bart, of Bar-=^Joan, dau. of Sir Henry Cromwell, of 
rington Hall, d. 1628. Hinchinbrooke. 



Sir Thomas Barrington, 2nd Bart, of Bar—r- 
rington Hall, d. 1654. | 



Frances, dau. and coh. of John Gobart, 
Esq. of Coventry. 



Sir John Barrington, 3rd Bart, of Bar-=f:Dorothy, dau. of Sir William Lytton, 
rington Hall, d. 1682. I of Knebworth. 

Thos. Barrington, Esq. son and heir.=T=Anne, dau. and coheir of Robert, Earl 

of Warwick. ^ 

I 

a 



SUilliam ^eltjp LotonDes, (J^sq. pedigree 



LV. 



a 



Anne, 2nd dau. and eventual coheir ofyCliarles Shales, of London, d. 1734. 
Thos, Barrington, Esq. 



Essex, youngest dau. and 
Charles Shales, of London. 



coheir of=^Richard Lowndes, Esq. M.P. for Bucks, 
eldest son of Robert Lowndes, Esq. of 
Winslow, and grandson of William 
Lowndes, Esq. Secretary of the Trea. 
sury. 



William Selby Lowndes, Esq.ofWinslow=|=Mary, dau. and coheir of Thomas Goos- 
aud Whaddon, Bucks, d. in 1813. | tre, Esq. of Missenden Abbey. 



_L 



T 

William Selby=rA. dau. of the The Rev. Tho- 

mas Lowndes, 
Rector of North 
Crawley. 



Lowndes, Esq. 
of Whaddon 
Hall, M.P. for 
Bucks. 



r' 



Rev. Graham 
Hanmer, Vicar 
of Hanmer, co. 

Flint. 



"n 

Mary, m. to 
the Rev. Tho- 
mas Howard, 
A.M. 



Other 

issue. 



31MtIliam §:tlblO aotonllCS, Esq. of Win- 
slow and Whaddon, IGlhin descent from, 
and one of the co-representatives of Ed- 
ward III., being entitled as such to 
quarter the Planlagenet arms. 



n— 1 

Thomas- William. 
Richaid-William. 
Henry- William. 



r— 1 

Edward- William. 
Charles-William. 



PEDIGREE LVI. 



OBID, Of ^eigbforti. 



OtoartI h King of England. =pMargaret, dau. of Philip III., King of 

France. 



Edmund Plantagenet, surnamed of Wood-T=Margaret, sister and^ heir of Thomas, Lord 
stock, Earl of Kent, beheaded in 1329. Wake. 



Joan, the Fair Maid of Kent, only dau. and=pSir Thomas Holland, K.G. 
heiress. I 

Thomas Holland, Earl of Kent.^The Lady Alice Fitzalan, dau. of Richard, 

Earl of Arundel. 



Lady Margaret Holland, dau. and eTentual=pJohn Beaufort, Earl of Somerset, Marquess 



coheir. 



of Dorset, K.G., d. in 1410. 



Edmund Beaufort, Duke of Somerset, K.G.=f=Alianor, dau. and coheir of Richard Beau- 
slain in 1445. I champ, Earl of Warwick. 



Lady Anne Beaufort, dau. and eventual co— pSir William Paston, Knt. 
heir. | 

Anne, eldest dau. and coheir of Sir William^Sir Gilbert Talbot, Knt. 
Paston. 

Mary Talbot, dau. and coheir.=pThomas Astley, Esq. of PatshuU, co. Stafford. 



Elizabeth, dau. of Thomas Astley, Esq. oP=pJohn Wrottesley, Esq. of Wrottesley. 

PatshuU. I 

^____ I 

Margaret, dau. of John Wrottesley, Esq.=pRichard Elde, Esq. of Syford, co, Stafford, 

Treasurer and Paymaster of the Forces in 
Ulster, descended from the Eldes of Bough- 
ton, CO. Derby, buried 22 Feb. 1620. 



Richard Elde, Esq. of Syford, eld. son and^Margaret, dau. of Sir Thomas Crompton, 
heir, d. 1640. j Knt. Judge of the Admiralty, &c. 1st wife. 



T' 



Francis Elde, Esq. of Seighford, son and=?:Margaret, dau. of Colonel Thomas Crompton, 
heir, d. 1687. of Stone Park. 

I 

Elizabeth, dau. of Edward=f=Francis Elde, Esq. of Seigh-=f:Mary, dau. of John Grove, 



Palmer, Esq. of Blockley, 
1st wife. 



ford, d. 29 June, 1722. 



Esq. of Rowley, 2nd wife. 



Francis Elde, Esq.=Anne, dau. of Ed- Catherine, dau. of=pJohn Elde, Esq. of 



of Seighford, Master ward Arblaster, Esq. Holbrooke, Esq. and 
in Chancery, d.s.j'- of Lyswys Hall. relict of Rowland 

1700. Cotton, Esq. of Et- 

wall. 



Seighford, succeeded 
his half-brother, d. 
16 April, 1796. 



r 
a 



cfBlti, of ^eigf)ton. 



PEDIGREE I.VI, 



Francis Eld, Esq. of Seighford, son and=j=Elizabeth, his wife, d. 8 January, 1833. 
heir, 6. 1736, buried 17 July, 1817. 



r 



Jfrancis=T 


=Mary, 


2. Rich- 


3. John= 


FThellon. 5. Wil-q 


= Mary, 


Mary Elizabeth 


1 
6. Charles 


©16. 


dau. of 


ard, d. 


Eld. 


Louisa Ham 


dau. of 


Anne, »». wi. to 


Howard 


Esq. of 


Moot- 


1837. 


b. 1780, 


Sarah Eld, of 


Wil- 


to Geo. John 


Eld, d. 


Seighford 


ham, 


4. Stan- 


m. 1807. 


Sidney Frad- 


liam 


Durant, Cham- 


1807. 


eld. son 


Esq. of 


ton, d. 




Smyth, swall 


Keene, 


Esq. of bers,Esq. 


7. Thos. 


and heir, 


Lon- 


1800. 




dau. of Hall, 


Esq. of 


Tong Captain 


Eld, d. 


16lh in 


don. 






Lionel, 6. 26 


Rowley. 


Ca3tle,co. lOihHus- 


1844. 


direct de- 








7lh Vis- Aug. 




Salop. sars. 


- 


= 


scent 








count 1783. 










from Ed- 








Strang- 










ward I. 








ford. 










King of 


















England. 






1 












1. Fran- 2 


1 1 
George. 


1 1 1 
4. John, 


111 
1. Marv. 


Lionel Howard, 


Thomas. 


■T ■■' 

Rose. 




cisEld, 3 


. Frede- 


d. 1830. 


2.Charlott( 


;, Percy only son. 






son 


rick, 


5. Rich- 


tn. to An- 


Denham, b. 1816. 






and 


90th 


ard. 


drew Hya 


only son, 






heir. 


Foot. 


6. Ed- 
ward. 


cinth Kir 

wan, Esq. 

3. Caroline 


b. 9 Dec. 

1808. 
E.I.C.S. 












Eliza. 













PEDIGREE Lvii. e^aj^^^^eH. ©en. Ct)a0. Oto. Oernon, €.15, 

iStltoartr 5. King of England.=r=Margaret, dau. of Philip III. King of France. 

, ' — 1 

Edmund Plantagenet, sur-=T=Margaret, sister and heir Elizabeth,dau.-pHumphreyde Bo- 



named of Woodstock, Earl 
of Kent, d. in 1329. 



of Thomas, Lord Wake, of Edward I. 



hun.Earl of Here- 
ford and Essex. 



Edward, =pThe Lady Joan Plan-=pSir Thomas Hoi- Lady Eleanor-pJames, Earl of 



the Black. 

PRINCE.Iast 

husband. 



tagenet, " the Fair Maid 
of Kent," dau. and even- 
tual heiress. 



land, K.G. Lord de Bohun, 2nd 
Holland. dau. 



Ormonde. 



Richard IL. King Thomas Hol-=pLady Alice Fitzalan, of Ormonde, d. 



of England. 



land, 2d Earl 
of Kent. 



dau.of Richard, Earl 138i 
of Arundel. \- 



James, '2d Earl=pElizabeth, dau. of 
Sir John Darcy. 



Roger Mortimer,=The Lady Eleanor=T=Edward Cherl- of Ormonde, d 



James, 3d Earl^Anne, dau. of 



Earl of March. 



Holland, dau. and 
eventually coheir. 



ton. Lord 
Powys. 



1405. 



.J 



James, 4th Earl= 



Joane Cherlton, dau. and coheir=pSir John de Grey, Earl of Ormonde, d. 
of Edward, Lord Powys. | of Tankerville. 1452. 

P" 



John, Lord 
Welles. 

=Joan, dau. of 
Gerald, 5th 
Earl of Kildare. 



Sir Henry Grey, Earl of Tanker-=^Antigone, natural dau. LadyElizabeth=j=John Talbot, 



ville, d. in 1449. 



of Humphrey Planta- Butler, dau. of 
genet, Duke of Glou- James, Earl of 
cesler. Ormonde. 



2nd Earl of 
Shrewsbury. 



Sir Henry Grey, Earl of Tanker-=FMargaret, dau. of Jas. LadyAnneTal-^PSir Hen. Ver- 



ville, d. 6 Edward VI. 



1 



Lord Audley. 



hot, dau. of 
John Earl of 



Lady Elizabeth Grey, dau. of=pSir JohnLudlow.K.G. Shrewsbury 
Richard, Earl of Tankerville. I 



non, of Had- 
don. 



Alice, dau. and coheir of Sir John Ludlow,=pHumphrey Vernon, Esq. third son of Sir 



K.G., »2. in 1493. 



Henry Vernon, of Haddon. 



Thomas Vernon, Esq. of Houndshill, d. 1557.=i=Eleanor, dau. of Ralph Shirley. 

Walter Vernon, Esq. of Houndshill, d. ]592.=^Mary, dau. of Sir Edw. Littleton, of Rolleston. 

Sir Edward Vernon, of Houndshill, Hanbury,=T=Margaret, only child of Henry Vernon, Esq. 
and Manchiston, b. in 1584. j of Hilton. 

Sir Henry' Vernon, of Houndshill, eldest=FMuriel, only dau. and heir of Sir George Vernon, 
flon and heir, d. January, 1656. | of Haslington, Justice of the Common Pleas. 



Henry Vernon, Esq. of Hilton, co.Staflford,=pMargaret, only dau. of William Ladkins, Esq. of 
2nd son. Shaw, co. Stafford, and Helledon, co. Warwick. 



Henry Vernon, Esq. of Hilton, eldest son,=pPenelope, 2nd dau. and coheir of Robert Philips, 
d. 24 July, 1732. | Esq. of Newton Regis, co. Warwick. 

r ' 

Henry Vernon, Esq. of Hilton Park,=pLady Henrietta Wentworth, youngest dau. of Thomas, 
m. in 1743. Earlof Straff"ord. (See Wentworth Royal Pedip-ee.) 

I ' 

Henry Vernon, Esq. of Hil-=pPenelope. dau. and coheir of=pMargaret, dau. of Thos. Fisher, 
ton Park, d. ll Oct. 1814. | Arthur Graham, Esq. of Dub- | Esq. of Acton. 2nd wife. 

lin. 1st wife. 



f^enrg <ffftarICB IStrtDaitr l-7ernon,=pMaria, 4th dau. of George John 



Esq. now of Hilton Park, Major 
Gen. and C.B., 18th in direct de- 
scent from Edw. I. King of England. 



Cooke, Esq. of Harefield Park, 
Middlesex, d. 1827. 



Frederick William 
Vernon Wentworth, 

Esq., of Wentworth 
Castle. 



I T 

Henry Chas.=f=Catherine, 2nd Wm. bredk.=^Elizabeth,2d 



Vernon, 5. 

1805, eldest 

son and heir. 



George =f=Louisa Jane Emma 



dau. of R.Wil- of Harefield dau. of Jas. Augustus, i Frances, 
liams, Esq. of Park Sliuttleworth, Captain 

Cardiff. Esq. formerly in the 

of Barton. Army. 



Pene- 

youngest lope. _ 

dau. of Capt. 
Cater, R.N. 



jiftiitp mmi ^n* 



PEDIGREE LVIII. 



lEtJtocirlr EHE. King of England. =p Pbilippa, dau. of William, of Hainaulf. 



Lionel Plantagenet, surnamed of Antwerp, 
Duke of Clarence, 2nd son of Edward III. 



Lady Elizabeth de Burgh, dau. and heir of 
William, Earl of Ulster, 1st wife, m. in 1352. 



The Lady Philippa Plantagenet, only child =j= Edmund Mortimer, Earl of March, 
and heiress. 



The Lady Elizabeth Mortimer, dau. of Ed- -r- Henry Percy, the renowned Hotspur, 
mund. Earl of March. 



Henry Percy, 2nd Earl of Northumberland, =p Eleanor, dau. of Ralph Nevill, 1st Earl of 



son and heir. 



Westmoreland. 



Henry Percy, 3rd Earl of Northumberland. =p Eleanor, dau. and sole heir of Richard 
(/. 29 March, 1461. Poynings. 



Henry Percy, 4th Earl of Northumberland, 
K.G., d. 28 April, 14S9. 



Maud, dau. of Edward Herbert, 1st Earl of 
Pembroke. 



Henry Algernon Percy, 5th Earl of Northum- -p Catherine, dau. and coheir of Sir Robert 



berland, K.G., d. in 1527. 



Spencer, Knt. 



Lady Margaret Percy, dau. of the 5th Earl of =p Henry ChflFord, Earl of Cumberland. 
Northumberland. 



Lady Catherine Clifford, dau. of Henry, Earl =P Sir Richard Cholmley, Knt. of Roxby. 
of Cumberland. 



Sir Henry Cholmley, Knt. of Whitby and 
Roxby, d. in 1614. 



Margaret, dau. of Sir William Babthorpe, 
Knt. 



Mary Cholmley, 5th dau. of Sir Henry -p The Hon. Henry Fairfax, son of the 1st Lord 



Cholmley, Knt. of Whitby. 



r 



Fairfax of Cameron. 



Henry Fairfax, 4th Lord Fairfax, d. in 1635. -p Frances, dau. and heir of Sir Robert Barwick, 

I of Tolston. 

I ' 

The Hon. Dorothy Fairfax, dau. of Henry, =^ Bennet Sherard, Esq. of Whissendine, M.P., 



Lord Fairfax, and widow of Robert Stapyl- 
tOD, Esq. of Wighill. 



d. in 1701. 



Philip Sherard, 2nd Earl of Harborough, d. =^ Anne, only dau. and heir of Nicholas Pedley, 



20 July, 1758 



Esq. 



Robert Sherard, 4th Earl of Harborough, d. =p Jane, dau. of William Reeve, Esq. 
21 April, 1799. 



Larly Lucy Sherard, dau. of Robert, Earl of =p The Hon. Philip Pusey, son of Jacob Bou- 



Harborough, and widow of Sir Thomas 
Cave, Bart. 



verie, 1st Viscount Folkestone, d. in 1828. 



%)f)ilip ^DuBcp, Esq. of =p Lady Emily 



Pusey, Berks, M. P., eld- 
est son, 1 7th in direct de- 
scent from E DWARD III., 
King of England. 



Herbert, 
dau. of Henry 
George, Earl 
ofCarnarvon. 



Edward Bouverie 

Pusey, D.D., 
Regius Professor 
of Hebrew in the 

Univer. of Oxford. 



William Bou- 
verie Pu.-ey, 
in Holy Or- 
ders. 



— ri 
Two 

daugh- 
ters. 



Sidney Edward Bouverie, 
b. 15 Sept. 1839. 



Edith Lucy Bouverie. 



Clara. 



PEDIGREE LIX. 



Jl^umpDvci) ^vme, Icisq* 



Margaret, dau. of Philip III. =p Jitimavti E. King -|- Eleanor, dau. of Ferdinand, 



King of France, d. in 1317. 



of England. 



Thomas de Brother- ^ 
ton, Earl of Norfolk, 
and Marshal of Eng- 
land, d. in 1338. 

Margaret, dau. and=F 
eventual sole heir, 
created Duchess of 
Norfolk, in 1398. 



Alice, dau. of .*»ir 
Roger Halys, Knt. 
of Harwich. 



I " 

Elizabeth, dau. and = 

heir of John, Lord 

Segrave. 

Thomas Mowbray, : 
Earl of Nottingham, 
Duke of Norfolk, 
and Earl Marshal 
of England, KG. 
d. in 1400. 



John, Lord Segrave, 
d. 27 Edward III. 
13.53. 



r 



Margaret, dau. of: 
Thomas, and cousin 
of John, Duke of 
Norfolk. 



Sir John Howard, -p- 
K.G., created Duke 
of Norfolk in 1483, 
and slain at Bos- 
worth Fitrld. 



: John, Lord Mow- 
bray of Axholme, 
d. in 1360. 

: Elizabeth, dau. of 
Richard Fitzalan, 
and sister and coheir 
of Thomas Fitzalan, 
Earl of Arundel. 



Sir Robert Howard, 
Knt., eldest son of 
Sir John Howard, 
Knt., by Alice, his 
■wife, dau. and heir 
of Sir William Tar- 
ding, of Tarding, 
CO. Norfolk. 

Katherine, dau. of 
William, Lord Mo- 
lines, d. in 1452. 



Thomas Howard, =p 
Earl of Surrey, cre- 
ated Duke of Nor- 
folk, and Earl Mar- 
shal. 1 Feb. 1514, 
K.G., d. 21 May, 
1524. 



Elizabeth, dau. and 
heir of Sir Frederick 
Tilney,Knt. of Ash- 
well Thorpe, co. 
Norfolk, and widow 
of Sir Edward Bour- 
chier, K. B., son of 
Lord Berners. 



King of Castile, d. in 1290. 



Isabel, dau. of Philip, : 
IV. King of France, 
d. in 1357. 



P- 



1 

Edward II., King of 
Eoiiland. 



Edward III., King of England, Founder of 
the ilost Noble Order of the Garter, d. 1377. 



T 



Eleanor, eldest dau. =p Thomas Plantagenet, 



and coheir of Hum- 
phrey de Bohun, 
Earl of Hereford, 
&c.. Constable of 
England, d. in 1399. 



of Woodstock, Earl 
of Buckingham, 
Duke of Gloucester, 
K.G., d. in 1399. 



Edmund 
Earl of 
KG. 



Stafford, -p 
StafFord 



Anne, dau. and coh, 
of Thomas, Duke of 
Gloucester. 



Anne, dau. of Ralph, ^ 
Neville, Earl of 
Westmoreland, K.G. 



Humphrey Stafford, 
Duke of Bucking- 
ham, K.G., slain in 
1460. 



Margaret, dau. of=F 
Edmund Beaufort, 
Duke of Somerset, 
K.G. 



Catherine, dan. of: 
Richard Widville, 
Earl Rivers, K.G., 
and sister to Eliza- 
beth, Queen of Ed- 
ward IV. 



Humphrey Stafford, 
Earl of Stafford, 
stain at St. Albans, 
in the lifetime of 
his father. 

: Henry, Duke of 
Buckingham, Con- 
stable of England, 
K.G., beheaded in 
1483. 



Eleanor,dau.of Hen- : 
ry Percy. Earl of 
Northumberland. 



Edward, Duke of 
Buckingham, K.G., 
beheaded on Tower 
Hill, 1524. 



Thomas Howard. Duke of Norfolk, Earl : 
Marshal, K.G. 



Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey, beheaded in 
the lifetime of his father, 1546. 



Elizabeth, dau. of Edward, Duke of Bucking- 
ham, 2nd wife. 

'■ Frances, dau. of John Vere, Earl of Oxford. 



Thomas Howard, Duke of Norfolk, Earl =j= ]\Iargaret, dan. and heir of Thoma«, Lord 
Marshal, K.G., &c., beht-aded 2 June, 1572. Audley of Walden, Chancellor of England. 

I ' 

Lord William Howard, 2nd son of Thomas, =p Elizabeth, sister and coheir of George, Lord 
Dukeof Norfolk, K.G. , by Margaret, his wife, Dacre of Gillesland. 

Margaret Howard, 3rd dau. of Lord William =p Sir Thomas Cotton, Bart, of Conington, co. 
Howard. Huntingdon. 

I 



a 



Jgumpj^vci) ^rme, iSistq^, 



PEDIGREE LIX. 



Sir John Cotton, Bart., M.P., eldest son and 
heir, 6. in 1621. 



Elizabeth, dau. of Sir Thomas Honywood, 
Knt. of Mark's Hall. 



Elizabeth Cotton, dau. of Sir John Cotton, =p Sir Lionel Walden, Knt. of Doddington, Isle 



Bart 



of Ely. 



Sir Lionel Walden, Knt. of Doddington. 



Hester Walden, dau. and eventual coheir of =p Humphrey Orme, Esq. of Peterborough, 

L-:. t:_„„i w..ij„_ v^^ „f r.„jj: ._ Captain ll.N., the representative of a very 

ancient Northamptonshire Family. 

Sarah, dau. of Adland Squire Stukeley, Esq. 
of Holbeach, co, Lincoln. 



Walden Orme, Esq. of Peterborough, son and : 
heir of Captain Humphrey Orme, li.N. 



Walden Orme, Esq. of Peterborough, son and =p Miss Tomlin, dau. of Robert Tomlin, Esq. of 



heir of Walden Orme, Esq., d. in 1809. 



Edith Weston, co. Rutland. 



J^umptrfS ©rmc, Esq., son and heir of Walden Orme, Esq. of Peterborough, and 18th in 
direct descent from Edward L, King of England; formerly an officer in the 11th Light 
Dragoons, with which regiment he served in the actions of Quatre Bras, Genappe, and 
Waterloo, 



PEDIGREE LX, 



33abib itJalfour, Ic^ri* 



CSHilliam tfic (ron==p Maud, dau. of Bald- Malcol5i III., King =j= Marg-aret, sister of 



qucror, King of 
England. 



win, Count of of Scotland. 
Flanders. 



Edgar Atheling, and 
heiress of the SaxoQ 
Royal Line. 
Gundred, dau. of ^ William de Warren, David I., King of =p Maud, dau. of Wal 



r 



William the Con- 
queror. 



Earl of Surrey. 



Scotland. 



William de Warren, =j= Elizabeth, dau. of 



Earl of Warren and 
Surrey, d. in 1135. 



Hugh the Great, 
Earl of Vermandois. 



theofF, Earl of 
Northumberland. 



Adeline, dau. of William, Earl of Warren and -p Henry, Prince of Scotland, d. v. p. 
Surrey. 



r- 



David, Earl of Huntingdon. 



Maud, dau. of Hugh, Earl of Chester. 



Isabel, dau. of David, Earl of Huntingdon, and -p Robert de Brus. 
eventually coheir. 



Robert Bruce, King of Scotland. =P Isabel, dau. of Donald, Earl of Marr. 

Mary, dau. of Robert Bruce. =p Walter, Lord High Steward of Scotland. 



Robert II., King of Scotland. =j= Elizabeth, dau. of Sir Adam Mure. 



Robert III. of Scotland. 

T 



Princess Mary. 



George, 1 st Earl of Angus. 



George, 4th Earl of Angus. 



Isabel Douglas. =p Sir Alexander Ramsay, of 

Dalhousie. 



Princess Katherine. ^ David, 1st Earl of 

Crawford. 

Marjory Lindsay. =f= Sir William Douglas, 

of Lochleven. 

Christian Douglas. =p Sir David Wemys, of 

that Ilk. 

I 

Sir John Wemys, of that Ilk. 

Grizelda Wemys. =p David Boswell, of 

Balmuto, 



Elizabeth Ramsay. 



Sir Alexander Boswell, of Balmuto. 



David Boswell, of Balmuto. 

, T 

Janet Boswell, dau. of David Boswell, of =p Michael Balfour the younger, of Munqu- 



Balmuto. 



hanny, d. in 1570. 



Sir Michael Balfour, of Munquhanny. =p Mariota Adamson, dau. of Patrick, Arch- 
bishop of St. Andrews. 



Michael Balfour, of Garth, m. in 1593. =j= Margaret, dau. of Malcolm Sinclair, of 

Quendal. 



Patrick Balfour, of Pharay, d. in 1664. =j= Barbara, dau. of Francis Mudy, of Breckness. 



r- 
a 



iiabitr 3i$a(four, l^nq* 



PEDIGREE LX. 



George Balfour, of Pharay, f«. in 1678, rf. in =p Mary Mackenzie, only dau. of Murdoch 



1706 



Bishop of Orkney. 



John Balfour, of Trenaby, J. in 1741. =r= Elizabeth, dau. of Thomas Traill, of SkailL 



J 



William Balfour, of Trenaby, b. in 1719, d. in ^ Elizabeth Coventry, heiress of Newark, dau. 



1786 



of the Rev. Thomas Coventry. 



Thomas Balfour, of Elwick, Col. in the army, =p Frances Ligonier, niece of Field -Marshal 

^ in 1 TOO T 1 -r-i » T • 



d. in 1799 



John, Earl Ligonier. 



William Balfour, of Trenaby, co. Orkney, =p Mary-Balfour, only child of William Man- 



Captain R.N., 6. in 1781: deceased. 



son, Esq. of Kirkwall. 



Sabili 13alfour, of Trenaby and Elwick, 22nd in direct descent from Wllliam 
THE Conqueror, and 21st in direct descent from Malcolm Caenmore. 



1 

Other 

issue. 



PEDIGREE LXI. 



Qtt)Mottt !£mma (Seovgiana d^rencj, 

WIFE OF FITZSTEPHEN FRENCH, ESQ., M.P. 



lEtJtoavlJ E. King of England. 



Edmund Plantagenet, surnamed of Wood- 
stock, Earl ot Kent, beheaded in 1329. 



Margaret, dau. of Philip III., 
King of France. 

Margaret, sister and heir of Thomas, Lord 
Wake. 



Joan, the Fair Maid of Kent, only dau. and =p Sir Thomas Holland, K.G. 
heiress. 



Thomas Holland, Earl of Kent. =p The Lady Alice Fitzalan, dau. of Richard, 

Earl of Arundel. 



Lady Margaret Holland, dau. and eventual 
coheir. 



John Beaufort, Earl of Somerset, Marquess 
of Dorset, K.G., rf. in 1410. 



Edmund Beaufort, Duke of Somerset, K.G., =P Alianor, dau. and coheir of Richard Beau- 
slain in 1445. I champ. Earl of Warwick. 



Lady Anne Beaufort, dau. and eventual co- -p Sir William Paston, Knt. 
heir. 



Anne, eldest dau. and coheir of Sir William =^ Sir Gilbert Talbot, Knt. 
Paston. 



Mary Talbot, dau. and co-heir. 



Thomas Astley, Esq. of Patshull, co. Stafford. 



Gilbert Astley, Esq. of Patshull, son and heir. =p Dorothy, dau. of Sir Thomas Gififard, Knt. 

of Chillington, co. Stafford. 



Thomas Astley, Esq., son and heir, d. v. p. 



Margery, dau. of Sir Walter Aston, Knt. of 
Tixal, 



Waiter Astley, Esq. of Patshull. =j= Grace, dau. of Francis Trentham, Esq. of 

Rowcester. 



Sir Richard Astley, of Patshull, Bart., d. 1686. =p Henrietta, dau. and coheir of William Borlase, 

Esq. of Great Mario w. 



Sir John Astley, of Patshull, Bart., M.P., d. ^ Mary, dau. and heir of Francis Prynce, Esq. 
29 Dec. 1771. 



Alicia, dau. and coheir of Sir John Astley, =j= Charles, 3rd Earl of Tankerville, </. in 1767. 
Bart. 



Charles, 4th Earl of Tankerville, d. in 1 822. =f Emma, youngest dau. and coheir of Sir James 

Colebrooke, Bart., d. in 1836. 



The Hon. Henry Grey Bennet, d. in 1836. =^ Gertrude Frances, eldest dau. of Lord William 

Russell. 



d)ailottc ISmma Wrorgiana, eldest dau. and '■ 
coheir of the Hon. Henry Grey Bennet, one 
of the co-representatives of Edmund of 
Woodstock, Earl of Kent, son of Edward I., 
King of England, being entitled as such to 
quarter the Plantagenet arms. 



Fitzstephen French, Esq., M.P., brother of 
Lord de Freyne. 



31o|)it i^lattftchj Ciluantocfe, iE-s^rj* pedigree lxh. 



lEbtoar'tt E. King of England. =P Margaret, of France. 



The Lady Elizabeth Plantngenet, 5ih dau. of =j= Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford. 
Edward I. 

I 

The Lady Margaret de Bohun, dau. of the =p Hugh de Courtenay, 2nd Earl of Devon, 
Earl of Hereford. | m, in 1325. 



The Hon. Thomas Courtenay, 3rd son of =p Emeline, dau. and heir of Sir John Dawney. 
Hugh, 2nd Earl of Devon. 

I 

Sir Hugh Courtenay, of Haccomb, co. Devon, =^ Maud, dau. of Sir John Beaumont, of 



2nd son. 



Sherwell. 



Sir Theobald Gran- 
ville, Knt. 



Margaret Courtenay, dau. of 
Sir Hugh, of Haccoinbe. 



Sir Hugh Courtenay, of Boconnock, 
Cornwall, temp. Henry VL 

, ? 

Edward Courtenay, Earl of Devon. ^^ illiam Granville, Esq. =p Philippa, dau. of William, 



of Stow, (/. circa 14.', 0. 



Lord Bonville, 2nd wife. 



Sir Thomas Granville, Knt. of Stow, High -r- Elizabeth, sister of Sir Theobald Gorges. 
Sheriff of Cornwall, 21 Edward IV. 



Sir Thomas Granville, Knt. of Stow, created -r- Isabel, dau. of Sir Otes Gilbert, of Compton. 
K.B., (/. 6HENRY VIIL 



J 



Jane Granville, eldest dau. of Sir Thomas, 
of Stow. 



Sir John Arundel, Knt. of Treriee. 



Sir John Arundel, Knt. of Treriee, Vice- — Julian, dau. of James Eresby, and widow of 
Admiral to King Henry YIII. Gurlyn. 



John Arundel, Esq. of Treriee, son and heir. -p Gertrude, dau. of Robert Dennis, Esq. of 

I llolcombe. 

John Arundel, Esq. of Treriee, M. P. for -p Mary, dau. of George Cary, Esq. of Clo- 



Cornwall, temp. James I. 



velly, Devon. 



Mary Arundel, youngest dau. of John Arun — r- John Trevanion, Esq., son and heir of Sir 



del, of Treriee. 



Charles Trevanion, of Caerhayes. 



Charles Trevanion, Esq. of Caerhayes. -p The dau. and coheir of Sir Adam Drum- 

mond, Knt. 



John Trevanion, Esq. of Caerhayes, living =j= Barbara, dau. of William. 4th Lord Berkeley 
in 1738. I of Stratton. 

I 



r 



Frances Trevanion, sister and coheir of Wil- 
liam Trevanion, Esq., M.P. 



John Bettesworth, Esq., LL.D., of a Sussex 
family. 



John Bettesworth, Esq. of Caerhayes, son =p Frances Tomkins, of Pembrokeshire, 
and heir. 



r- 



John Trevanion Purnell =p Charlotte Frances Bettesworth, dau. -p John Quanfock, Esq 



Bettesworth Trevanion, 
Esq. of Caerhayes, in 
Cornwall, Sheriff in 
1804, deceased. 



Hosier, 

co- 
heiress. 



of John Bettesworth, of 
Caerhayes. 



3Ici)n (Jri)ailf3 
JTvctianion, Esq. 



Henry George, R.N. , Frederick Wm. 
Trevanion. d. 1832. Trevanion. 



Capt. 2nd Drag.-Gds. 



3lot)n iHattljctu ©uantocf?, Esq. of Norton House, co. Somerset, High Sheriff, 1847, 
19ih in direct descent from King Edward I. 



PEDIGREE LxiiT. gitdliam ^tratfottT liugtrale, lEs^g* 



iSlrtoavti 3HIE. King of England. =p Philippa, dau. of William of Hainault. 



Lionel Plantagenet, surnamed of Antwerp, 
Duke of Clarence, 2nd son of Edward III. 



Lady Elizabeth de Burgh, dau. and heir of 
William, Earl of Ulster, 1st wife, m. in 1352. 



The Lady Philippa Plantagenet, only child -r- Edmund Mortimer, Earl of March, 
and heiress. 



The Lady Elizabeth Mortimer, dau. of Ed- 
mund, Earl of March. 



Henry Percy, the renowned Hotspur. 



Elizabeth, dau. of Henry, Lord Percy, sur- =^ John de Clifford, 7th Lord Clifford, slain 



named Hotspur. 



Thomas, 8th Lord Clifford, slain at St. 
Albans, 1454. 



9 Henry V. 

Joan, dau. of Thomas, Lord Dacre of Gilles- 
land. 



John, 9th Lord Clifford, slain at the battle of =j= Margaret, dau. and heir of Henry, Lord 
Towton, 1 Ed-ward IV. | Bromflete. 



T 



Henry, 10th Lord Clifford, d. in 1523. =p Anne, only dau. of Sir John St. John, Knt. 

of Bletso. 

i 

Anne, 3rd dau. of Henry, Lord Clifford, and =p Sir Robert Clifton, Knt. of Notts, 
sister of the 1st Earl of Cumberland. 



Sir Gervase Clifton, Knt. of Clifton, Notts, 
temp. Queen Elizabeth. 



Winifred, dau. and heir of William Thwaites, 
Esq. 



George Clifton, Esq., son and heir, d. v. p. =p Winifred, dau. of Sir Anthony Thorold 



Sir Gervase Clifton, 1st Bart, of Clifton, so 
created, 22 May, 1611. 



Jane, dau. of Sir Gervase Clifton, Bart, of 
Clifton. 



Jane, dau. of Anthony Eyre, Esq., d. in 1656, 
6th wife. 

Christopher Packe, Esq. of Prestwold, co. 
Leicester, d. 8 Sept. 1699. 



Clifton Packe, Esq. of Prestwold, d. in 1707. =p Penelope, dau. and heir of Edward Bate, Esq. 

of Maids Morton. 



Anne, dau. of Clifton Packe, Esq. of Prest- =p Francis Stratford, Esq. of Merevale Hall, co 



wold. 



Warwick. 



Francis Stratford, Esq. of Merevale Hall, co. Warwick. 

J 



Penelope Bate, eldest dau. and co-heir of =p Richard Geast, Esq., who assumed the sur 



Francis Stratford, Esq. of Merevale, 



name of Dugdale, being great-great-grand- 
son, maternally, of Sir William Dugdale, the 
celebrated antiquary. 



Dugdale Stratford Dugdale, Esq. of Merevale =f Charlotte, dau. of Assheton, 1st Viscount 
Hall, M.P. for Warwickshire, d. in 1836. Curzon. 



SlSJUilliam Stvatfovti Sugbnlc, Esq. of =p Harriet Ella, sister of Lord Portman. 
Merevale and Blyth, co. Warwick, M.P., 
18th in direct descent from Edward III. 

Issue. 



^nUvebj (^Ux'kt-^t\\b)ootiy lE^q* pedigree lxiv. 



io^Ttoatlr SEE King of England, d. in 1377. 



Philippa, dau. of William, Count of Hainault. 



Lionel, of Antwerp, Duke of Clarence, Earl =p Lndy Elizabeth de Burgh, dau. and heiress of 

William, Earl of Ulster. 1st wife, w. in 1352. 



of Ulster. 



Philippa Plantagenet, only child and heiress. =p Edmund Mortimer, 3rd Earl of March, line- 
ally derived from the marriage of Ralph, 
Lord Mortimer of Wigmore, with the Prin- 
cess Gwyladys, dau. of Llewelyn ap lorwelh, 
Prince of North Wales. 



Philippa, dau. of Edmund, Earl of March. =p Sir Henry Percy, the renowned Hotspur 



Henry Percy, 2ud 
Earl of Northum- 
berland. 

Henry Percy, 3rd 
Earl of Northum- 
berland. 



Eleanor Neville, dau. 
ot Ralph, 1st Earl of 
Westmoreland. 



Elizabeth. : 



John, Lord Clifford. 



Eleanor Poynings. Lord Thos. Clifford. ^ Joan Dacre, dau. of 

Lord Dacre of Gil- 
lesland. 



Henry Percy, 4th =p Maud Herbert, dau. John, Lord Clifford. =f Marjiaret, dau. and 

heir of Henry Lord 
Bromflete. 



Earl of Northum- 
berland. 



of the Earl of Pem- 
broke. 



Henry Algernon, 5th =p Catherine Spencer. Henry, Lord Clifford. =p Anne St. John. 

Earl of Northum- 
berland. 



Lady Margaret Percy, -r- Henry Clifford, Earl of Cumberland. 



Lady Catherine Clifford, -t- Sir Richard Cholmley, 



Sir Henry Cholmley, of Whitby. 



J' 



Margaret, dau. of Sir William Babthorpe. 



Sir Richard Cholmley, of Whitby, M.P. -p Susan, dau. of John Legard, Esq. 
in 1620. 



Margaret, eld. dau. of Sir Richard Cholmley. -p Sir William Strickland, Bart, 



J' 



Margaret,dau. of Sir William Strickland, Bart. =p Sir John Cochrane, Knt. of Ochiltree. 






William Cochrane, Esq. of Ochiltree. =P Lady Mary Bruce, dau. of Alexander, 2ud 

Earl of Kincardine. 



Anne, dau. of William Cochrane. '■ 



Anne, dau. of Sir George Preston, Bart. 



Sir George Preston, Bart, of Valleyfield. 



Robert Wellwood, Esq. of Garvock, co. Fife. 



Robert Wellwood, Esq. of Garvock, d. 1820. =p Lillias, 2nd dau. of James Robertson Barclay, 

Esq. of Keaville. 



Isabella, elder dau. and coheiress of Robert =P Robert Clarke, Esq. of Comrie Castle, co. 



Wellwood, Esq. 



Perth, d. in 1842. 



Sanliicto ®lavkc=21tItXcUtooo^i, Esq. of Comrie Castle, co. Perth, 19th in direct descent from 

Edward IK., King of England. 
m 



PEDIGREE LXV. SU' '^Xt\)OV Wif)tUXy ^SiXt, 



i£t)toav1> m. King of England. =p Margaret, dau. of Philip III. of France. 



Thomas de Brotherton, Earl of Norfolk, Earl =j= Alice, dau. of Sir Roger Halys. 
Marshal. 

Lady Margaret Plantagenet, Duchess of =p John, Lord Segrave. 
Norfolk. 



Elizabeth, dau. and heiress. 



John, Lord Mowbray. 



Thomas de Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk. =p Lady Elizabeth Fitzalan, sister and coheir of 

Thomas, Earl of Arundel. 



J 



Margaret de Mowbray, dau. and coheir. ^ Sir Robert Howard. 



Sir John Howard, Duke of Norfolk. 



Catherine, dau. of William, Lord Molines. 



Thomas, Duke of Norfolk. ^ Elizabeth Tilney, an heiress. 



Elizabeth, dau. of Thomas Howard, Duke of =p Sir Thomas Boleyne, created Earl of Wiltshire. 
Norfolk. 



Lady Anna Boleyn, Queen George, Viscount William Cary, Esq. =p Lady Mary Boleyn. 
Consort of Henry VIII. Rochfort. 

, J , . 



Elizabeth, Queen Katherine, dau. of =p Sir Francis Knollys, K.G. 
OF England. William Gary, Esq. 

Anne Knollvs, 2nd dau. of Sir Francis =p Thomas, 2nd Lord Delawarr. 
Knollys, K.G. 

Thomas, 3rd Lord Delawarr, J. in 1618. =j= Cicely, dau. of Sir Thomas Shirley, Knt. of 

Whiston. 



Cecilia, dau. of Thomas, 3rd Lord Delawarr. 



Sir Francis Bindlosse, Knt, 



Dorothy, dau. of Sir Francis Bindlosse, Knt. =p Sir Charles Wheler, of Birberry, co. War- 
wick, and of Martin Hussingtree, co. Wor- 
cester, 2tid Bart., d. in 1683. 



Sir William Wheler, 3rd Bart., d. in 1708. =p Theresa, dau. of Edward Widdrington, Esq. 

of Felton, by Elizabeth, his wife, dau. of 
Caryl, 3rd Viscount Molyneux. (Refer to 
RiDDELL Royal Descent.) 



Sir William Wheler, 5th Bart., s. his elder ■ 
brother, d. in 1763. 



Penelope, dau. of Sir Stephen Glynne, Bart 
of liawarden Castle, co. Flint. 



The Rev. Sir Charles Wheler, M.A., 7th =p Lucy, dau. and eventually coheiress of the 



Bart, s. his elder brother, d. 12 July, 1821. 



Right Hon. Sir John Strange, Knt., Master 
of the Rolls. 



Sir Trevor Wheler, 8th Bart., d. in 1830. =p Harriet, dau. of Richard Beresford, Esq. of 



J 



Ashbourne, co. Derby. 



giir JTrebov 21©f)plev, of Leamington Hastang, present Bart., 19th in direct descent from 

Edwaud I., King of England. 



Qtijmtio^ mvm ^}o^hm^y ^H* 



rFDTGREE LXVI. 



lEtJtoavlJ EEE. King of England, </. in 1377. =t= Philippa, dau. of William, Count of Hainault. 



r 



n 



Lionel Plantagenet, -r- Lady Elizabeth de John of Gaunt, =j= Blanche, dau. and heir 



Duke ot Clarence. Burgh, dau. and heir 

of Williau), Earl of 
Ulster. 
The Lady Philippa =^ Edmund Mortimer, 

Plantagenet, - - - 

child. 



Duke of Lan- 
caster. 



only 



of Henry, Duke of 
Lancaster. 



Earl of March. 

Henry Percy, the re- 
nowned Hotspur, d. 
in 1403. 
Henry Percy, 2nd =p Lady Eleanor Nevil, 



Elizabeth Plan- =p John Holland, D. ike of 



The Lady Elizabeth ■ 
Mortimer. 



tageiiCt, sister of 
HKNR¥lV.,King 
of England. 



Earl of Northum- 
berland, fell at St, 
Albans, 1455. 



dau. of Ralph, 1st 
Earl of Westmore- 
land, and Joan de 
Beaufort, his wife, 
dau. of John of 
Gaunt. 



Exeter, grandson, ma- 
ternally, of Edmund 
Plantagenet, Earl of 
Kent, son of King Ed- 
ward L 



Constance Hoi- =f Sir John Grey, K.G. 
land, only dau. 



Lady Katherine Percy, eldest dau. of Henry, =j= Edmund Grey, 4th Lord Grey of Ruthyn, 



2nd Earl of Northumberland 



J 



created Earl of Kent, 3 May, 1465, 



Lady Anne Grey, dau. of Edmund, Earl of =p John, Lord Grey of Wilton, d. in 1498 



Kent. 



Edmund, 9th Lord Grey de Wilton, d. in '■ 
1511. 



r 



Elizabeth, dau. of Edmund, Lord Grey de 
Wilton. 



Florence, dau. and coheir of Sir Ralph Hast- 
ings, (brother of William, Lord Hastings,) 
by Amie Tattershall, his wife, great-grand- 
niece of Archbishop Chichele. 

John Brydges, 1st Lord Chandos, d. in 1557. 



The Hon. Charles Br) dges, of Wilton Castle, =j= Jane, dau, of Sir Edward Carne, Knt. of 



CO. Hereford, d. in 1619. 



Giles Brydges, Esq. of Wilton Castle, created 
a Bart, in 1627. 



Sir John IJrydges, Bart, of Wilton Castle, 
d. in 1651. 



Eweuny. 
Mary, dau. of Sir James Scudamore. 

Mary, dau. and heir of James Pearle, Esq. 



James Brydges, 8th Lord Chandos, t?. in 1714. =j= Elizabeth, eldest dau. and coheiress of Sir 
• ' • Henry Bernard, Knt. 



James Brydges, 1st: 
Duke of Chandos, 
d. at Cannons, 1744. 



Mary, dau. of Sir 
Thus. Lake of Can- 
nons. 



Theopliilus Leigh, 

Ksq. of Addlestrop 

and Longborough, 

CO. Gloucester. 

John Brydges, Mar- =p Lady Catherine Tal- Mary, dau. of Theo- =j= Sir Hungerford Hos- 



Mary, eldest dau. (f ^ 
James, 8th Lord 
Chandos. 



quess of Caernarvon, 
m. in 1724, d. i\p. 



Catherine, dau. and ■ 
coheir of John, Mar- 
quess of Caernarvon, 
and widow of Capt. 
Ly( n. p 



mash, dau. of Lionel 
Earl of Dysart. 

Ed wyn Francis Stan- 
hope, Esq. 



j)hilus Leigh, Esq. 
of Addlestrop. 



kyiis, Hart., M.P. for 
H"erelord,(/. iu 1766. 



Sir Chandos Hos- -r- Rebecca, dau. of Jo- 



kyns, Bart, of Hare- 
wood, CO. Hereford. 



seph May, Esq. of 
Loudon. 



Sir Henry Edwyn Stanhope, Catherine, dau. of Edwyn -p Sir Hungerford Hoskyns, Bart, of 



Bart, ot Holme Lacy. 

I 



Francis Stanhope, E^q, 



Harewood, d. in 1802. 



Sir Hungerford Hoskyns, Barf, of Harewood, 
(>. in 1776, m. in 1SU3. 



Sarah, youngest dau. of John Philips, Esq. of 
Bank Hall, co. Lancaster. 



Hungerford, CTiiautics fiijlvfn P^osUinis, 
. eldest son Esq. of Wroxhall Abbey, 
and heir. co. Warwick, 2nd son, 18th 
in direct descent from Ed- 
ward III., King of Eng- 
land. I 

Catherine. 



1st. Theodosia : 
Anne Martha, 
dau. and heir 
of C.R.Wren, 
Esq. 



:2nd. Anna Jane, 
dau. of Charles 
Milner Rick- 
etts, Esq. 



Other 
issue. 



PEDIGREE Lxvii. J^odett ^mxQ ^Uatt, lEisg* 



OSilliam tljc Conqtucvof, King of England, =p Maud,dau.of Baldwin V., Count of Flanders. 
1066. 



T 



Adela.=p Stephen, Earl William II., 1 wife, Matilda, dau. ^ Henry L, = 2 wife.Adeliza, 



of Blois. 



Stephen, 

King of 

England. 



suriiamed 

Rufus, King 

of England, 

d. unm. 



of Malcolm III., 

King of Scotland, 
and heiress of the 
Royal Saxon line. 



King of 
England, 
b. in 1070. 



dau. of God- 
frey, Duke of 
Lo\aine, 
d. s. p. 



"William, d. s. p. 



1. Henry V., Emperor 
of Germany. 



Matilda. 



2. Geoffry Plantagenet, Count of 
Anjou. 



Henry II., King of England, b. in 1 133. 



=p Eleanor, dau. and coheiress of William V., 
j Duke of Aquitaine. 



Richard I., King of 1. Isabel, dau. and heir — John, King of^ 



England, d. s.p. 1199. 



of William, Earl of 
Gloucester. 



England, d, 
17 Oct. 1216. 



2. Isabella, dau. and heir- 
ess of Aymer Tailleffer, 
Count of Angouleme. 



Henry III., King of England, b. 1 Oct. 1206. ^ Eleanor, dau. and coheiress of Raymond Be- 

I renger, Count of Provence. 



1 wife, Eleanor, dau. of Fer- =p Edward I., King of Eng- : 
DINAND HI., King of Castile. | land, b. in 1239. 



2 wife, Margaret, dau. of Philip 
III., King of France, <f. 1317. 



Edward II., King Thomas Plantagenet, eldest son of the second : 
of England. marriage. Earl of Norfolk, surnamed de 

/\s Brotherton, and created Earl Marshal of 

England, 9 Richard II. 



r- 



Alice, dau. of Sir Roger 
Halys, Knt. of Har- 
wich. 



Margaret Plantagenet, eventually sole heir- -p John, Lord Segrave. 
ess, created Duchess of Norfolk, d. in 1399. 



Elizabeth, dau. and heiress, -p John, Lord Mowbray of Axholme. 



Thomas Mowbray, 
Duke of Norfolk, 
and Earl Marshal, 
d. in 1400. 



Elizabeth, dau. and Catherine '■ 



one of the coheirs of 
Thomas Fitzalan, 
Earl (if Arundel. 



Mow- 
bray. 



From whom the Howards, Dukes of Norfolk. 



Sir Thomas Grey, of Heton, Knt., 
set. 10, 1369, Constable of Norham 
Castle, Justice of Assize in Nor- 
ham and Islandshire, 1390. 



Sir Thomas Grey, of Heton, Knt., beheaded 
at Southampton, .5 August, 2 Henry V., 
1415. 



Alice, dau. of Ralph Neville, K.G., first Earl of 
Westmoreland, son of Lord John Neville of 
Raby, K. G., by Maud, dau. of Henry Lord Percy. 



Sir RalphGrey, of Werke, Heton, and Chillingham. =p Elizabeth, dau. of Henry.Lord Fitzhugh. 

Sir Ralph Grey, of Werke, Heton, aud Chillingham, =p Jacquetta. 
Knt., beheaded at Doncaster, 4 Edward IV. 



Sir Edward Grey, of Werke, Chillingham, and =p Elizabeth, dau. of Sir John Clifford, 



Heton, Knt, (/. 6 Dec. 1 533. 



r 



Knt. 



1. Sir 2. Sir Ralph Grey, 3. Sir Edward Grey, 4. Henry Grey, of =p Mary, dau. of 

Thomas of Chillingham, Knt., living in 1598, Newminster Ab- 

Grey, Knt., from whom from whom the Earls bey, Esq., buried 

d.s.p. the Lords Grey of Grey of Howick. in the Chancel of 
1590. Werke and the Earl Morpeth Church, 
of Tankerville. 10 May, 1599. 



r- 



Sir John 
Widdrington, 
of Widdring- 
ton, Knt. 



Isabel Grey, m. at Grindon, co. pal. =j= John Pemberton, Esq., of Aislaby, co. Durham, (de- 



Durham, 8 June, 1612. 



scended from John Pemberton, living at Stanhope, co. 
Durham, in 1400,) had livery, 5 October, 1626. 



UXobtvt SJenrg ^Uan, ISisci. pedigree lxvu. 



Michael Pemberton, of: 
Aislaby, Esq., a ^lajor in 
the service oICharles I. 



Alice, dau. of Christopher Place, of Dinsdale, co. Durham, E«q., 
who was great-grandson of Rowland Place, of Halnaby, co.York, 
Esq., (living temp. Henry VIII.,) by Anne, dau. of Sir Edward 
lladclytfe, of Cartington, co. Northumberland, Knt., Warden of 
the East Marches. 



John Pemberton, Esq., Sheriff of York, in 1 684. =j= Sarah, dau. of George Prescott, of Darlington. 
I : ' 

William Pemberton, Esq. =p Elizabeth, dau. of John Killinghall, of Middleton St. George, 

CO. Durham, Esq., (descended from the marriage of John de 
Kyllngehall, with Agnes, dau. and heir of John de Herdewyk.) 
-See Burke's Heraldic Illustrations, plate CIX. 

Elizabeth Pemberton, =p James Allan, of Blackweil Grange, in the county of Durham, and of 



bapt. 12 June, 1710. 



Barton, in the co. of York, Esq., b. 23 Oct. 1712, [a descendant 
of the ancient family of Allan, of Buckenhall and Brockhouse, 
CO. Stafford, seated there in 1290 ; for pedigrees, see Burke's His- 
tonj of the Landed Gentnj,'] Lord of the Manors of Nether- Worsall, 
Appleton-upon-Wiske, Barton Grange, Wandesford, otherwise 
Wilkinson's Manor, and Ward's, formerly Ingliby's ^lanor, and of 
a moiety of the Manor of Dalton-upon-Tees, in the county of York, 
and owner of several estates in the county of Durham. 



1. George Allan, of Black- 
well Grange, Esq., F.S. A., 
the eminent Antiquary 
and Collector, b. in 1736, 
d. in 1800. =F 



2. James Allan, Esq., 
a Deputy-Lieut, for 
the CO. of Durham, 
d. unm. 



Rob rt Allan, of Sun- : 
niside, in the co. of 
Durham, and of Bar- 
ton, CO. York, Esq., 
b. in 1740, and d. in 
1806. 



Elizabeth, dan. 
and coheir of 
Robert Harri- 
son, Esq., m. 
23 Feb. 1767, 
c?.31 Dec. 1808. 



George Allan, of 
Blackweil Grange, 
Esq., M. A., F.S. A., 
M.P., d. s. p. 21 
July, 1828. 



Robert Allan, of ^ Hannah, dau. of 



Newbottle, m 
the CO. of Dur- 
ham, Esq., d. 
27 Dec. 1813. 



William Have- 
lock, Esq., m. 
20 D<c. 1792, 
d. 9 Jan. 1837. 



John Allan, of Blackweil Hall, 
in the co. of Dur'iam, and of 
Barton, Esq., a Justice of the 
Peace for the co. of Durham, 
and North Riding of the co. of 
York, d. unm. 4 Sep. 1844, set. 66. 



1. William 
Allan, of 
Blackweil 
Grange, 
Esq., a Jus- 
tice of the 
Peace for 
the CO. of 
Durham, 
b. 2 1 May, 
1796, living 
vnm. 1846. 



2.i{obfvt11)cnv8 

lailau, Esq., 
F.S. A., of Black- 
well Hall and 
Barton, A. 22 Jan. 
1802, 7n. 14 July, 
1841, a Justice 
of the Peace for 
the CO. of Durham 
and North Riding 
of the CO. ofY'ork. 



Elizabeth, dau. 
ot JohnGreg- 
son, Esq. of 
Murton, Bur- 
don, and Dur- 
ham, by Eli- 
zabeth, his 
wife, dau. and 
heir of Laun- 
celotAUgood, 
Esq. 



3. John, 
d.s.p. 

18 Mar., 
1844. 



4. George 

Thomas, 

m. to 

Maria, 

dau. of the 

Rev. T. 

Ramshay, 

Vicar of 

Brampton, 

11 Oct 1843. 



\ 1 

5. James, Five 
d. unm. daus. 
26 March, 
1833. 



Robert Killinghall Allan, b. 25 Dec. 1842, d. 25 Sept. 1843. 



PEDIGREE Lxviii. ^UoualtT ^teuatt 0lm}it^y ^^q,* 



5123tHiam tf)c (ffon^ =p Maud, dau. of Bald- Malcolm Caen- 



qucvor. Kino; of 
England, d. in 1087. 



win v., Count of mohr, Kingof Scot- 
Flanders, land. 



Gundred, dau. of =j= William de Warren, 

Earl of Surrey, d. 
in 1G85. 



WlLLIA3I THE CON- 
QUEROR. 



Margaret, sister of 
Edgar Atlieling, and 
heiress of the Saxon 
Royal line. 



William de Warren, =p Elizabeth, dau. of 



David I., King of =p Maud, dau. of Wal 



Earl of Warren and 
Surrey. 



Scotland. 



Hugh the Great, 
Earl of Vermandois, 
Switzerland, and 
widow of Robert, 
Earl of Mellant. 



theoff, Earl of Nor- 
thumberland. 



Adeline, dau. of William of Surrey. =p Henry, Prince of Scotland, d. v. p. 



Malcolm IV., King William the Lion, Maud, dau. of Hugh, =p David, Earl of Hun 



of Scotland, d. s. p. King of Scotland, 
in 1165. 



Earl of Chester. 



tingdon. 



Isabel, dau. and coheiress of David, Earl of -j- Robert de Brus. 
Huntingdon. 



J 



Robert Bruce, King of Scotland. ^ Isabel, dau. of Donald, Earl of Mar. 

Margery, dau. of Robert Bruce. =p Walter, Lord High Steward of Scotland. 

Robert II., King of Scotland. =7= Elizabeth, dan. of Sir Adam Mure, of Row- 

allan, co. Ayr. 

Robert III., King of Scotland. =p Annabella, dau. of Sir John Drummond. 



The Princess Mary Steward. 



Sir William Graham, Lord of Kincardine. 



\ Sir Robert Graham, of Fintry. =^ Janet, dau. and heiress of Sir Richard Lovell, 

of Balumbie. 



Robert Graham, of Fintry. =p The Lady Elizabeth Douglas, dau. of John, 

Earl of Auiius. 



Sir David Graham, of Fintry. =p A dau. of William, 1st Earl of Montrose. 

. r ' 

William Graham, of Fintry. =p Catharine, dau. of John Beaton, of Balfour, 

and sister of Cardinal Beaton, Archbishop 
of St. Andrews. 



Sir David Graham, of Fintry, Knighted by =p Margaret, dau. of James, Lord Ogilvy. 
James VI. 



David Graham, of Fintry, eld. son. 



Barbara, dau. of Sir James Scott, of Balwearie. 



David Graham, of Fintry. :^ Mary, dau. of Sir James Halliburton, of 

Pit cur. 



Margaret, dau. of David Graham, of Fintry. =p William Mackintosh, of that Ilk. 



I^onaltr S^teuart iWemiejs;, lEisti* pedigree lxvui. 



Elizabeth, dau. of William Mackintosh, of -t- Alexander FarquharsoD, of Invercauld. 
that Ilk. 



Margaret, dau. of Alexander Farquharson, -y- John Robertson, Esq. of Lude. 
of Invercauld. 



J' 



Isabella, dau. of John Robertson, of Lude. =^ John Steuart, of Cardney 



T' 



John Steuart, of Cardney. =p Elizabeth Stewart. 



John Steuart Menzies, of Culdares and -j- Charlotte Robertson, of Tullybelton. 
Cardnej'. 

Steuart Menzies, of Culdares. =p Ronald Stewart, Esq. 



I 

tSonalli ^truavt ifttrn{ics, Esq. of Culdares and Cardney, 25th in direct descent from 

William the Conqueror. 



PEDIGREE Lxix. ^jttt^ ^mmm iBtetoman, H^&q* 



ii'btoav'b C, King of England, =p Eleanor, dau. of Ferdinand III., 

King of Castile. 



Joan of Acre, dau. of Edward I., King of =p Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Gloucester. 
England. 



Lady Elizabeth de Clare, dau. and coheir of =j= Theobald, Lord Verdon, d. in 1316. 
Gilbert, Earl of Gloucester, and widow of 
John de Burgh. 



Isabel, only dau. of Theobald, Lord Vernon, '■ 
by his wife. Lady Elizabeth de Clare. 



William, 3rd Lord Ferrers of Groby, d. in '■ 
1371. 



Henry Ferrers, Lord Ferrers of Groby. 



Margaret, dau. and coheir of Robert de 
Utford, Earl of SufiPolk. 



Henry, 4th Lord Ferrers of Groby, d. in 1387. =p Joane, dau. of Thomas, Lord Poynings. 
William, 5th Lord Ferrers of Groby, d. in 1444. 

Sir Thomas de Ferrers, Lord of Tamworth =p Elizabeth, eldest sister and coheir of Sir 



Castle, CO. Stafford, 7Mre uxoris. 



Baldwin Frevile, Knt. of Tamworth. 



Sir Thomas de Ferrers, Lord of Tamworth =j= Anne, sister of Sir Henry Ferrers, Knt., of 



Castle, created a Knight of the Bath, 
14 Edward IV. 



William, Lord Hambleton, ancestor of the 
Hastings, K.G. present male heir of the 
House of Ferrers, Marmion 
Edward Ferrers, Esq. of 
Baddesley Clinton. 
John Ferrers, son and heir apparent, d. v. p. =^ Maud, dau. and coheir of Sir John Stanley, 

I — 1 of Elford. 

Sir John Ferrers, Knt., Lord of Tamworth =p Dorothy, dau. of William Harper, Esq. of 



Castle, d. 1 Henry VIIL 



Rushall. 



Sir Humphrey Ferrers, Knt., Lord of Tarn- =p Margaret, dau. of Thomas Pigot, Esq. 
worth Castle, d. in 1554. 



Sir John Ferrers, Knt., Lord of Tamworth, =p Barbara, dau. of Sir Francis Cockaine 



d. in 1576. 



Dorothy, dau. of Sir John Ferrers, Knt. =p Edward Holte, Esq. of Aston, Sheriff of 

Warwickshire, 25 Elizabeth. 



Sir Thomas Holte, Bart, of Aston, d. in 1654. =p Grace, dau. and coheir of William Bradburne, 

I — 1 Esq. of Hough. 

Grace, dau. of Sir Thomas Holte, Bart, of =p Sir Richard Shuckburgh, Knt. of Shuck- 
Aston. I burgh. 

I — ' 

Ann, dau. of Sir Richard Shuckburgh, Knt. =^ Henry Edmonds, Esq. of Preston Hall, co. 

I — — — 1 Northampton. _ 

Grace, dau. and coheir of Henry Edmonds, - — - 

Esq. of Preston Hall. 



Richard Newman, Esq. of Evercreech Park, 
CO. Somerset, 



Anne, dau. of Richard Newman, Esq., and =p Ashburnham Toll, Esq. of Grey well, Hants. 
sister of Sir Richard Newman, Bart. 



Ashburnham Toll, Esq. of Preston Deanery, =p Mary, dau. of Lieut. -Col. Geary, 10th Light 
d. 25 May, 1771. | Dragoons. 

r ' 

Richard Newman Toll, M.D., of Thornbury =p Grizel, dau. of James Pardy, Esq. of Hamil- 



Park, CO. Gloucester, and of Hamilton, co 
Lanark, assumed the surname and arms of 
Newman in 1802, d. 29 Sept. 1829. 



ton, N.B. 



I^enrg 31iKcnman Xetoman, Esq., now of = Frances Margaret, eldest dau. of the Rev. 
Thornbury Park, 21st in direct descent from John Joseph Goodenougb, D.D., and great- 
Edward I., King of England. niece of the late Bishop of Carlisle. 



3loJn t5'U)i)fort» 3)oUffc, (3$^(i. 



PEDIGREE LXX. 



Izlitoavli IE. King of England. =p Eleanor, dau. of Febdinand III., King of 

Castile. 



Edward II., King of England. ^^^ Isabella, dau. of Philip the Fair of France. 



Edward III., King of England, d. 21 June, =p Philippa, dau. of William, Earl of Hainault 
1371. 



r 



1 I 1 1 

Edward, Lionel of -p Lady Eliza- John of Edmund =p Isabel, Eleanor, =p Thomas, 

beth de Gaunt, of Lang- 
Burgh, Duke of ley, Duke 
Lancaster, of York. 



THE 

Black 
Prince. 



Antwerp, 
Duke of 
Clarence. 



r 



Philippa, only child =p Edmund Mortimer, 



and heiress of Lionel 
Plantagenet. 



Earl of March. 



Roger Mortimer, Earl =f= Eleanor, dau, of Thomas, 
of March. Earl of Kent. 



Anne Mortimer, only dau. ^ 
and eventual heir of 
Roger, Earl of March. 



Richard Plan- 
tagenet, Earl of 
Cambridge. 



dau. & dau. and 
coheir coheir 
of of Hum- 

Peteb, phrey de 
King of Bohun, 
Castile. Earl of 
Uereford 
and 
Essex. 



of Wood- 
stock, 
Duke of 
Glouces- 
ter. 



William Bourchier, =p Anne Plantagenet, 
Earl of Ewe. dau. and coheir. 



Richard Plantagenet, =p Cicely, dau. of Ralph Isabel Plantagenet, =p Henry Bourchier, 



Duke of York, Pro- 
tector of England. 

Edward IV., King 
of England. 



Neville, Earl of 
Westmoreland 



only dau. 



Earl of Ewe and 
Essex, d. in 1483. 



T 



Anne, dau. of Richard Widvile, Earl of =f= William Bourchier, 
Rivers,andsister of the Queen of Edw. IV. I son andheir, d. v. p. 



John Devereux, Lord Ferrers of Chartley. 



J 



Cicely Bourchier, only dau., sister and sole 
heiress of Heury, Earl of Essex. 



Walter Devereux, Viscount Hereford, K.G., =f Mary, dau. of Thomas Grey, Marquess of 
d. 27 Sept. 1.558. | Dorset. 

Sir William Devereux, Knt. =p Jane, dau. of John Scudamore, Esq. of Home 

Lacey, co. Hereford. 



Margaret, dau. and coheir of Sir William =p Sir Edward Littleton, Knt. 
Devereux, Knt. | 

I 1 

Margaret,5thdau,ofSirEdwardLittleton,Knt. =j= John Skinner, Esq. of Cofton, 



J' 



Margaret, dau. of John Skinner, Esq., d. 6 
Jan. 1647. 



Thomas JolifFf, Esq. of Cofton Hall,co. Wor- 
cester, d. in 1G94. 



Benjamin Joiilfe, Esq. of Cofton Hall, co. ^ Mary, sister of Sir William Jolifife, Knt. 
Worcester, rf. in 1719. | 



John Joliffe, Esq., IVLP. for Peiersfield, 1763, =j= Mary, dau. and heir of Samuel Holden, Esq. 
£/. in 1771. 



Thomas Samuel Joliffe, Esq., M.P, for Peters- =j= Mary Anne Twyford, of Kilmersdon, an 
field, d. in 1824. heiress. 



31o!)n?rtotifov'b3ioltffc, Esq.of Ammerdown 
Park, CO. Somerset, 14th in direct descent 
from Edward III., King of England, 



The Rev. 
Thomas Ro- 
bert Joliffe. 



Charles JolifTe, a 
Military Officer, 
slain at Waterloo, 



— I 
Mary 

Anne. 



PEDIGREE LXXI. 



giitdliam Slenrg JloloeU (Sore Uangton, lE^g* 



Margaret, dau. of Philip III.^ iSlibavlr E. King 



King of France, 2nd wife. 



of England. 



Eleanor, dau. of Ferdinand, 
King of Castile, 1st wife. 



Edmund Plantagenet, Earl =j= Margaret, sister and heir 
of Kent. of Thomas, Lord Wake. 



Edward: 

THE 

Black 

Prince, 
3rd husb. 



Richard 
. II., King 
of England. 



: Joan, the Fair = William Mon- : 
Maid of Kent, taciite. Earl of 
only dau. and Salisbury, 1st 
heir. husband. 



Sir Thomas 
Holland, 

K.G., 2ad 
husband. 



Edward II., 

King of 

England. 



Isabella, dau. of 
Philip the 
Fair, King of 
France. 



EdvvardIII., =j= Philippa of 
Hainault. 



Thomas Holland, =j= Lady Alice Fitz- 



King of 
England. 



2nd Earl of Kent, 
Marshal of Eng- 
land, d. in 1397. 



p- 



alan, dau. of 
Richard, Earl 
of Arundel. 



Lionel, Duke 
of Clarence. 



John of 
Gaunt. 



Edmund, Eai'l 
of Cambridge. 



The Lady Eleanor =^ Thomas Mon- 
Holland, 4th dau. tacute. Earl of 
and eventual co- Salisbury, 
heir. | ' 

The Lady Alice =p Richard Neville, 



Montacute, only 
dau. and heir. 



Philippa, =p Edmund 
Morti- 
mer, Earl 
of March. 



J 



John, Marquess of: 
Montacute, K.G., 
slain at Barnet, in 
1471. 



2nd son of Ralph, 
1st Earl of West- 
moreland. 

Isabel, dau. and 
heir of Sir Ed- 
mund de In- 
goldsthorpe. 



dau. and 
heir. 

r- 



Lucy, dau, and =p Sir Anthony 
Browne, Knt., 
Standard-Bear- 
er of England, 
temp, Henry 
VIL, 2nd hus- 
band. 



coheir of John, 
Marq. of Monta- 
cute. 



Sir Anth. Browne, =p Alice, dau. of Sir 
John Gage, of 



K.G., Standard- 
Bearer to the 
King, d. in 1548. 



Sir Anth. Browne, '- 
Knt., created Vis- 
count Montagu, 
by Queen Mary, 
1554. 



Sir HenryBrowne, '■ 
Knt. of Kiddiiig- 
ton, d. in 1G38. 



Sir Peter Browne, : 
son and heir, 
killed at Naseby. 



-J 



Roger, -p Eleanor, 



Earl of 
March. 



Ralph, : 

1st 
Earl of 
West- 
more- 
land. 



r- 
: Joan 

de 
Beau- 
fort. 



Anne = 
Morti- 
mer, 
dau. 
and 
heir. 



dau. of 

Thomas, 
Earl of 
Kent. 

Richard, Earl 
of Cambridge, 
grandson of 
Edward III. 



1 

John 

Beau- 
fort, 

Earl of 

Somer- 
set. 



\ 



J 



Richard, 
Earl of 
Cam- 
bridge, 
m. Anne 
Morti- 
mer. 



John, 1st 
Duke of 
Somerset. 



Richard, Duke =p Cecil Neville, 



of York. 



dau. of Ralph, 

1st Earl of 

Westmoreland. 



Margaret, Countess 
of Richmond. 



Firle. 



Magdalen, dau. 
of William, 
Lord Dacre of 
Gillesland, 2nd 
wife. 

: Mary, dau. of Sir 
William Hun- 
gate, Bart, of 
Saxton, CO. 
York, and relict 
of Sir Marma- 
dukeGrimston, 
Knt.oMIolder- 
ness. 

'■ Margaret, dau. 
of Sir Henry 
Knollys, Knt. 
of Grove Place, 
Hants. 



Richard III,, 
d. s. p. 



I 1 

Edward V. 

Richard, 

d. s. p. 



Edward IV., 
King of England. 

T 



Elizabeth, eld. 
dau. of Ed- 
ward IV. 



r 



Henry VII., King 

of England, d. 27 
April, 1509. 



Louis XII,, =j= The Princess Mary, 



King of 
France. 



2nd dau. of King 
Henry VII., sister, 
and in her issue co- 
heir of Henry VIII. 



Charles Bran- 
don, Duke of 
Suffolk, K.G., 
2nd husband. 



*•• P- I 

The Lady Frances Bran- 
don, dau. and coheir. 



Lady Jane 
Grey, be- 
headed in 
1553. 



Lady Katherine 
Grey, dau. and 
coheir. 



Henry Grey, Marquess 
of Dorset, afterwards 
Duke of Suffolk. 

Edward Seymour, 
Earl of Hertford, 
d. in 1G21. 



Edward, Lord Beauchamp, =^ Honora, dau. of Sir 

eld. son, d. v. p. Richard Rogers, 

r ' Knt., of Branston. 



SSatUiain ^mv)) }^otoeU 6rove fLangton, iijsq* pedigr..e lxxi. 



a 



Henry Browne, Esq. 
of Kiddington, cre- 
ated a Baronet by 
Charles IT., 1 July, 
1659. 



Sir Charles Browne, 
2nd Bart, of Kid- 
dington, d. in 1754. 



BarbaraBrowne,only : 
dau. and heiress, vi. 
1st, Sir Edward 
Mostyn, Bart. 

William Gore Lang- 
ton, Esq. of Newton 
Park, CO. Somerset, 
Col. Oxford Militia, 
assumed additional 
surname and arms 
of Langton at his 
marriage, <f. in 1847. 



William Gore Lang- 
ton, Esq., d. V. p. 



Florence, 3rd dau. 
and co-heiress of Sir 
Charles Somerset, 
of Troy, co. Mon- 
mouth. 

Lady Barbara Lee, 
widow of Col. Lee, 
and youngest dau. of 
Edmund Lee, 1 st 
Earl of Licli field. 

Edward Gore, Esq. of 
Barrow Court, co. 
Somerset, 2nd hus- 
band. 

Bridget, only child 
and heir of Joseph 
Langton, Esq. of 
Newton Park, 1st 
wife. 



Jacintha Dorothea, 
only child of H. 
Powell Collins, Esq. 
of Hatch Beau- 
champ. 



William, Marquess of '■ 
Hertford, and Duke 
ofSomerset,d. leeo. 



Henry, Lord Beau- 
champ, eld. son and 
heir, d.v.p. in 1656. 



Elizabeth, dau. and ■ 
heir of Henry, Lord 
Beauchamp. 



Lady Frances Deve- 
reux, dau. of the ill- 
fated Earl of Essex. 

Mary, eld. dau. of 
Arthur, Lord Capel 
of Hadham. 

Thomas Bruce, Earl 
of Elgin and Ailes- 
bury. 



Charles Bruce, Earl of Elgin and Ailesbury. 

J 



r 



Lady Mary Bruce, -p Henry Bridges, Duke 



dau. and heiress. 



of Chandos. 



James Brydges, 3rd =p Anne Eliza, dau. of 



Duke of Chandos 
d. in 1789 



r 



Rich. Gamon, Esq. 
and widow of R. H. 

Alletson. 



Lady Aun Eliza =p Richard, Marquess, 



Brydges, dau. and 
heir of James, 3rd 
Duke of Chandos. 



& afterwards Duke 
of Buckingham, d. 
in 1839. 



p- 



ffiWilUam f^cnvp i9ofcDcU Gove fiangton,: 
Esq. of Newton Park, 18th in direct descent 
from Edwakd L, King of England. 



Richard Plantagenet, 
2nd Duke of Buck- 
ingham and Chan- 
dos. I 



Mary, youngest dau, 
of John, 1st Mar- 
quess of Breadal- 
bane. 

Lady Anne Eliza Mary Grenville, dau. of 
Richard, 2nd Duke of Buckingham and 
Chandos. 



PEDIGREE LXXir. 



smtUiam lEarle Egttott 53ulUjer, ^^q. 



Itjeutg lEE. Xing of England, d. in 1189. =j= Eleanor, dau. and coheir of WilUiam V., Duke 

of Aquitaine. 



J 



John, King of England, (f. 17 Oct. 1216. =j= Isabel, dau. and heir of Aymer Taillefer, 

Count of Angoulesme. 



Henry III , Kiogof^p Eleanor, 2nd dau. and 



England, d. in 1272. 



coheir of Raymond 
Count of Provence. 



Edward I., King of =p Eleanor, dau. of Fer 



England. 



Eleanor Plantagenet, 
eldest dau. of Ed- 
ward I., and widow 
of Alphonzo, King 
of Arragon. 



DiNAND HI., King 
of Castile. 

Llewellyn ap Owen, 
Lord of S. Wales, 
5th in descent from 
Rhys ap Tewdwr 
Mawr, Founder of 
the III. Royal Tribe 
of Wales. 



Simon de Montfort, 
Earl of Leicester. 



Llewelyn ap GriflBth, '■ 
Prince of North 
Wales, m. 3 Oa. 
1278. 

Philip ap Ivor, Lord '■ 
of Iscoed, in Caer- 
digan. 



'. 1 

The Princess Elea- 
nor. 



1 



The Lady Eleanor, 
dau. of Simon de 
Montfort. 



The Princess Catha- 
rine, dau. and heir 
of Llewellyn ap 
Griffith. 



Thomas ap Llewellyn, Lord of South Wales. ^ Eleanor, dau. and heir of Philip ap Ivor. 



The Lady Margaret, dau. and coheir of: 
Thomas ap Llewelyn. 



Meredith ap Tudor, son and heir. 



T 



Sir Tudor ap Grono, Knf. of Penmynedd, 
living in 1437. 

Margaret, dau. of David Vychan ap David 
Llwyd. 



Sir Owen Tudor, : 
Knt., beheaded in 
1460, 



Catherine of Valois, 
youngest dau. of 
Charles VI., King 
of France, and wi- 
dow of Henry V., 
King of England. 
Edmoud Tudor, ere- =P Margaret, only dau 



Sir William Norreys, =^ Anne, dau. of Mere 
Knt. dith ap Tudor. 



The dau. of Sir Peter =p Robert Norreys, Esq. 
Dutton, Knt. 



ated Earl of Rich- 
mond. 



and heir of John, 
1st Duke of Somer- 
set,and great-grand- 
dau. of John of 
Gaunt. 



Ellen, dau. of Sir: 
Wm. Stanley, Knt., 
of Hooton. 



1 



Henry VII.. King of England. 



Henry Norreys, Esq., 
who assumed the 
surname of Robin- 
son. 



Margaret, dau. of the Rev. William Buckdale. =P John Robinson, Esq. of Conway, 



The Rev. Nicholas Robinson, Bishop of Ban- =f^ Jane, dau. of Sir Randal Brereton, of Malpas. 
gor, d. 3 Feb. 1584. 



William Robinson, Esq. of Gwersylt, co. 
Denby, and of Monachdy, in Anglesey. 



John Robinson, Esq. of Gwersylt, Colonel in 
the army of Charles I., d. in 1680. 



Jane, dau. of Edward Price, Esq. of New- 
town, CO. Montgomery, and sister of Sir 
John Price, Bart, of Newtown, lineally de- 
scended from Elystan Glodrydd, Prince of 
Fferlys. 

: Margaret, dau. and heir of Colonel Edward 
Norris, of Speke, co. Lancaster. 



William Robinson, Esq., of Monachdy. =p Anne, dau. and sole heir of Timothy Mid- 

dleton, Esq. of Panbyoceyn, co. Denbigh, 
seventh son of Sir Thomas Myddleton, E^t. 
of Chirk Castle. 



r- 
a 



aatniam learU Egtton U\x\b}tv, ^q,. 



PEDIGREE LXXII. 



William Robinson, Esq., to -whcm his cousin, 
Lytton Stone Lytton, Esq., devised the 
Knebworih estates. 



Elizabeth, dau. and coheir of Giles Heysham, 
Esq. of London, d. in 1737. 



Barbara Lytton, of Knebworth, dau. and sole =p William Warburton, Esq. of Yarrow, Queen's 



heir. 



County, a descendant of the Warburtons of 
Arley. 



Richard Warburton Lytton, Esq. of Kneb- =p Elizabeth, dau. of Paul Jodrell. Esa of 



■worth, d. in 1810. 



Elizabeth Barbara Lytton, of Knebworth, =p 
only dau. and heir, d. 19 Dec. 1844. | 



Lewknor. 

William Earle Bulwer, Esq. of Wood Calling, 
and Heydon, Brigadier-General. 



JlJMilliam "lEavlc 
itStton iJuUnn-, 
Esq. of Wood 
Balling, and 
Heydon, CO. Nor- 
folk, 17th in di- 
rect descent from 
Edward L, King 
of England. 



1st wife, : 


= 2nd wife. 


Emily, 


Elizabeth, 


youngest 


dau. of 


dau. of 


William 


Gen.Gas- 


Green, 


coyne. 


Esq. of 


M.P. 


Forty Hill, 




Enfield. 



?^enrp Uptton 

ifiavlcijuitQcr, 

H.B.M. 

Minister Pleni- 
potentiary at 
Madrid. 



^iv iElJtoavli =p Rosina, only 

GeorgeiSarle surviving 

IL8tton13ul- dau. cf Fran- 

tofr=2tptton, cis Wheeler, 

of Knebworth, Esq. of Liz- 

co. Herts, zard Connel, 

Bart., so ere- co. Limerick, 
ated 18 July, 
1838. 



William Gascoyne, and other issue. 



Edward Robert. Emily Elizabeth. 



PEDIGREE LXXIII. 



raiUiam iW^miram, m^. 



ISobcvt !EIE. King of Scotland, d. in 1406. 

T 



Princess Mary Steu- - 
art, widow of Geo. 
Douglas, Earl of 
Angus. 



Sir James Kennedy, 
of Carrick. 



SirGilbert Kennedy, =p Catherine, dau. of 



Lord Kennedy. 



Catherine Kennedy, : 
2nd dau. 



Herbert, Lord Max- 
well. 



Alexander, 2nd Lord 
Montgomery. 



Hugh Montgomery, =p Helen, dau. of Colin 



1st Earl of Eglin- 
ton, d. in 1545. 



Campbell, 1st Earl 
of Argyll. 



LadyMargaretMont- ^ William, Lord Sem- 



gomery. 



Robert, 3rd Lord 
Sempill. 



pUl. 



Isabella, dau. of Sir 
William Hamilton, 
of Sanquhar. 



Mary Sempill. =p Sir Robert Mont- 
gomery, of Skel- 
morley. 



Margaret Mont- 
gomery. 



Elizabeth, sole heir- 
ess of William Coch- 
rane. 



: William Cochrane, 
Esq. of Cochrane. 



^ Alexand. Blair, jun., 
of Blair, who took 
the name of Coch- 
rane. 



Sir William Coch- : 
rane. Earl of Dun- 
donald. 



Eupheme, dau. of Sir 
William Scott, of 
Ardross. 



lE^ftDartf IEEE. King =j= Philippa,dau.of Wil- 
of England. Ham of Hainault. 

Plantagenet, =p Lady Elizabeth de 



Lionel 



surnamed of Ant- 
werp, Duke of Cla- 



rence, 2nd son 
Edward IIL 



of 



r 



Burgh, dau. and heir 
of William, Earl of 
Ulster, 1st wife, m. 
1352. 



m 



The Lady Philippa =p Edmund Mortimer, 
Plantagenet, only Earl of March, 

child and heiress. 



The Lady Elizabeth =P Henry Percy, the 



Mortimer, dau. of 
Edmund, Earl of 
March. 



Henry Percy, 2nd ■ 
Earl of Northum- 
berland, son and 
heir. 



Henry Percy, 3rd 
Earl of Northum- 
berland, d. 29 Mar. 
1461. 



Henry Percy, 4th '■ 
Earl of Northum- 
berland, K.G., d. 28 
April, 1489. 



Henry Algernon Per- : 
cy,5thEarl of North- 
umberland, K.G., d. 
in 1527. 



renowned Hotspur. 



Eleanor, dau. of 
Ralph Nevill, 1st 
Earl of Westmore- 
land. 

Eleanor, dau. and 
sole heir of Richard 
Poynings. 



Maud, dau. of Ed- 
ward Herbert, 1st 
Earl of Pembroke. 



Catherine, dau. and 
coheir of Sir Robert 
Spencer, Knt. 



Lady Margaret Per- =p Henry Clifford, Earl 



cy, dau. of the 5th 
Earl of Northum 
berland. 



I— 



Lady Catherine Clif- : 
ford, dau. of Henry, 
Earl of Cumberland. 



Sir Henry Cholmley, : 
Knt. of Whitby and 
Roxby, J. in 1614. 



Sir Richard Cholm- ■ 
ley, Knt. of Whitby, 
M.P. for Scarbo- 
rough in 1620. 

Margaret, eldest dau. : 
of Sir Richard 
Cholmley, Knt. 



of Cumberland. 



Sir Richard Cholm- 
ley, Knt. of Roxby. 



Margaret, dau. of Sir 
William Babthorpe, 
Knt. 

Susanna, dau. of John 
Legard, Esq., 1st 
wife. 



Sir William Strick- 
land, Knt. of Boyu- 
ton, Yorkshire. 



Sir John Cochrane, of Ochiltree, 2nd son. ^ Margaret, dau. of Sir 

Boynton, 



William Strickland, of 
Yorkshire. 



r 
a 



mnildim iW^inam, lEjaig* pedigree lxxui. 

a 

John Cochrane, of Waterside, 2nd son. =^ Hanna de Witt. 



Susan Cochrane, youngest dau. =p James M'Adam, of Waterhead 



J' 



John Loudon M'Adam, Esq., eldest son. y Glorianna Margaretta, dau. of William Nicoll, 

of Islip, America. 

I ■ ' 

William M'Adam, eldest son, d. v. p. ^ Jane, dau. of Capt. Pickard. 



JUaaitam ifKl'^lram, Esq., eldest son, at present of BaUochmorrie, 16th in direct descent 
from Robert III., King of Scotland, and 18th in direct descent from Edward III.. Kinc 
of England. ° 



PEDIGREE LXXIV. 



Cfiomag ?^g6e!Ef, IE0(i« 



iS^itoarb 3E. King of England, =p Margaret, dau. of Philip,: 

King of France, 2nd wife. 



d. in 1307. 



Eleanor, dau. of Ferdinand 

of Castile, 1st wife. 



Edmund Plantage- =p Margaret, sister 
net, surnamed of 
" Woodstock," 
Earl of Kent, son 
of Edward I. 



and heiress of 
Thomas, Lord 
Wake. 



Edward II., King of^ 
England. 



Eleanor, dau. of Philip 
of France. 



Edward III., King of =j= Philippa of Hainault. 
England. 



Joan Plan- - 

tagenet, 
the Fair 
Maid of 
Kent, only 
dau.&heir. 



Sir Thomas =F Edward 



Holland, 

K.G., Lord 

Hollaud. 



Lady Alice 
Fitzalan. 



THE 

Black 
Prince, 
last hus- 
band. 



Lionel of Ant- : 
werp, Duke 
of Clarence. 



Thos. Hoi- : 
land, 2nd 
Earl of 
Kent. 



The Lady Alianore : 
Holland, dau. and 
coheir of Thomas, 
Earl of Kent. 



1 

Richard 

II., King 
of Eng- 
land, d.s.p. 



LadyPhilip;)a: 
Plantagenet. 



r 



Roger, Earl : 
of March. 



Edward 
Cherlton, 
Lord 
Powys. 



Lady Elizabeth 
de Burgh, dau. 
&heirofWm., 
Earl of Ulster. 

: Edmund Mor- 
timer, Earl of 
March. 

= Eleonora, dau. 
of Thomas, 
Earl of Kent. 



Edmund = 
of Lang- 
ley, 
Duke of 

York, 
4th son. 



Isabel, 
dau. & 
coheir 

of 

Peter, 

King 

ofCas- 

tile. 



Lady Anne '■ 

Mortimer, 
dau. and heir. 



Richard Plantagenet, 
Earl of Cambridge. 



Joyce Cherlton, dau. =j= Sir John de Tiptoft, 
and coheir of Ed- d. in 1443. 

ward. Lord Powys. 



Richard, Duke of^ 
York, Lord Pro 
lector. 



Joyce, youngest dau. 
and coheir of Sir 
John de Tiptoft. 



Sir Edmund Sutton, 
eldest son of John, 
Lord Dudley. 



r" 



Edward IV., King of - 
England, d. in 1483. 



John Sutton, Lord =P Cecilie, dau. of Sir 



Dudley, d. in 1487. 



William Willough- 
by, Knt. 



Cicely, dau. of Ralph 
Nevill, Earl of 
Westmoreland. 

Lady Elizabeth Wid- 
vile. 

Henry VII., King of 
England, d. in 1509. 



Edward Sutton, 6th Lord Dudley, d. in 1530. 

J 



The Princess Eliza- '■ 
beth Plantagenet of 

York. I 

The Princess Mary, =p Chnrles Brandon, 

K.G., Duke of Suf- 
folk, d. in 1545. 



widow of Louis 
XII., and dau. of 
King Henry VII. 



John Sutton, 7 th 
Lord Dudley. 



Edward Sutton, 8th : 
Lord Dudley, d. in 
1586. 



Lady Cicely Grey. 



Jane,dau. of Edward, 
Earl of Derby. 



r- 



Lady Frances Bran- 
don, d. in 1563. 



LadyCatherineGrey, 
(sister of the cele- 
brated Lady Jane 
Grey. 



Henry Grey, K.G., 
Duke of Suffolk. 

Edward Seymour, 
Earl of Hertford, 
d. in 1621. 



Edward Sutton, 9th ^ Theodosia, dau. of 



Lord Dudley, d. in 
1643. 



Sir James Harring- 
ton, Knt. 



Edward 
Lord Beauchamp 
d. V. p. 1619. 



Seymour, =P Honora, dau. of Sir 
Richard Rogers, of 
Bryanston. 



Sir Ferdinando Sutton, K.B., d. v. p. =j= Honora, dau. of Edward, Lord Beauchamp. 



Frances, Baroness Dudley, only dau. and =p Sir Humble Ward, Lord Ward of Birming- 



heir, d. in 1697. 



J 



ham. 



Edward Ward, Lord Dudley and Ward, =^ Frances, dau. of Sir William Brereton, Bart. 
d. in 1701. of Hanford. 



^6oma0 Igugje^, ^^q,. pedigree lxxiv. 



Frances, only dau., and in her issue, eventual : 
heiress, of her brother William, Lord Dud- 
ley and Ward. 



William Lea, Esq. of Halesowen Grange, co. 
Salop. 



Frances, 2nd dau. of William Lea, Esq. of =^ Walter Woodcock, Esq. 
Halesowen, and sister and coheir of Ferdi- 
nando, Lord Dudley. 



Sarah, dau. and coheir of Walter Woodcock, '■ 

Esq. 



The Rev. Thomas Hughes, M.A., of Colwall 
Green, in the co. of Hereford, a beneficed 
clergyman of the Church of England. 

3ri)oma0 |^usi)cs, Esq. of Treadam, and of the Chapel, in the co. of Monmouth, one of her 
Majesty's Coroners for that county, 11th in direct descent from Henry VIL, King of 
England, and one of the co- representatives of Edmund of Woodstock, son of Edward L, 
being entitled, as such, to quarter the Plantagenet arms. 



PEDIGREE LXXV. 



d?ranc£^ saaliontr, 



WIFE OF BENJAMIN BOWDEN WALROND, ESiJ. 



IBtJlnavli E. King of England, -p Eleanor of Castile, 



Lady Elizabeth Plan- : 
tagenet, dau. of King 
Edward I., aad 
widow of John, Earl 
of Holland. 



J 



Humphrey de Bohun, 
Earl of Hereford 
and Essex, Lord 
High Constable of 
England. 



Edward IL, King of -|- Isabel of France. 
England, (/.in 1327. | 



Lady Marga- =p Hugh 
ret de Bo- 
hun, dau. of 
the Earl of 
HerefordjOT. 
in 1325. 



Edward HI., King 
of England, d. in 
1377. 



de 
Courtenay, 
2nd F^arl of 
Devon, d. in 
1377. 



Philippa of Hainault. 



Sir Philip ^ Anne, dau. of 



Lionel, of-p- 
Antwerp, 

Duke of Cla- 
rence, K.G., 
d. 17 Oct. 
1368. 



Courtenay, 
of Powder- 
ham Castle, 
J. 7 Hen. IV. 



Sir Thomas 
Wake. 



Philippa, only 
dau. and heir, 
b 16 August, 
1355. 



Sir 
Courtenay, 
2nd son. 



John -T- Joan, dau. of 



Sir Philip: 
Courtenay, 
Knt. of 
Powderham 
Castle, b. in 
1404. 



Sir william 
Courtenay, 
of Powder- 
ham Castle, 
d. in 1485. 



Sir William: 
Courtenay, 
of Powder- 
ham, son 
and heir, d. 
in 1512. 



Alexander 
Champer- 
nowne, of 
Beer Fer- 
rers. 
Elizabeth, 
dau. of Wal- 
ter, Lord 
Hungerford 



Margaret, 
dau. of Wil- 
liam, Lord 
Bonville, 



Cicely, dau. 
of Sir John 
Cheney, of 
Pincourt. 



Elizabeth, =p 
dau. of Ed- 
mund, Earl 
of March. 



Hen. Percy, - 

Earl of 
Northumber- 
land, slain at 
St. Albans, 22 
May, 1455. 

I 

Hen. Percy, = 

Earl of 
Northumber- 
land, slain at 
Towton field, 
1460-1. 



Sir William Courte- : 
nay, of Powderham 
Castle, surnamed 
the Great. 



Sir Geo. Courtenay, 
eldest son, d. v. p. 



Sir William Courte- 
nay, of Powderh;im 
Castle, killed at the 
storming of St. 
Quintin, in 1557, 

r~ 
a 



Hen. Percy, : 
4th Earl of 
Northumber- 
land, fA in 1489. 



Margaret, dau. of Sir 
Richard Edgcombe, 
Knt, of Cuttell, 
Comptroller of the 
Household to Hen. 
VII., 1st wife. 

: Catherine, dau. of Sir 
George St. Leger, of 
Annery. 

: Elizabeth, dau. of 
John Powlett, Mar- 
quess of Winches- 
ter. 



Elizabeth, 
dau. & heir 
of William 
De Burgh, 
Earl of Ul- 
ster, d. in 
1303. 

Edmund Mor- 
timer, Earl of 
March, &c., 
d.b Rich. IL, 
1.382. 

Henry Percy, 
the renown- 
ed Hotspur, 
son of Hen. 

Earl of North- 
umberland, 
slain in 1403. 

Eleanor, dau. 
of Ralph, Earl 
of Westmore- 
land. 



Eleanor, daq. 
and heir of 
Rich. Poyn 
ings, d. in 
1474. 



Maud, dau. 
of William, 
Earl of 

Pembroke. 



Eleanor, eld- : 
est dau. and 
coheir of 
Humphrey 
de Bohun, 
Earl of 
Hereford, 
&c. 



Edmd. Staf-: 
ford. Earl 
of Stafford, 
K.G. 



Thomas 
Plantagenet, 
of Wood- 
stock, Earl 
of Bucking- 
ham, Duke 
of Glouces- 
ter, K.G., d. 
in 1399. 



1 

Anne, dau. 
and coheir of 
Thos., Duke 
of Glouces- 
ter. 



"1 



Anne, dau. of-p Humphrey 



Ralph Ne- 
ville, Earl of 
Westmore- 
land. 



Stafford, 
Duke of 

Buckingham 

K.G. 



1 



Margaret =F Humphrey 



dau. of Ed- 
mund Beau- 
fort, Duke 
of .Somerset, 
K.G. 



Stafford, 
Earl of Staf- 
ford, slain at 
St. Albans, 
V. p. 



Catherine, =p Henry, Duke 



dau. of Rich. 
Widville, 
Earl Rivers, 
K.G., & sis- 
ter of Eliza- 
beth, Queen 
of Edw. IV. 



of Bucking- 
ham,Consta- 
ble of Eng- 
land, K.G., 
beheaded in 
1483. 



1 r 

Eleanor, dau. of Hen. -p Edmund, 

Percy, 4th Earl of 

Northumberland. 



Duke of 
Buckingham, K.G., 
beheaded on Tower 
Hill, 1524. 



Katherine, dau. of =j= Ralph Neville, Earl 



Edmund, Duke of 
Buckingham, K.G. 



Lady Margaret Ne- 
ville, dau. of Ralph, 
Earl of Westmore- 
land. 



of Westmoreland. 



Henry Manners, Earl 
of Rutland. 



i?ranrc!5! Walronb, 



PEDIGREE LXXV. 



AVIFE OF BENJAMIN BOWDEN WALROND, ESQ. 



Sir William Courtenay, Knt., only son and : 
heir, High Sheriff of Devon in 1581, d. in 
1630. 



Francis Courtenay, Esq. of Powderbam : 
Castle, eldest surviving son and heir, d. in 
1638. 



Lady Elizabeth Manners, dau. of Henry, Earl 
of Rotland. 



Elizabeth, dau. of Sir Edward Seymour, Bart. 
• of Bury Pomeroy. 



William Courtenay, Esq. of Powderham =p 
Castle, created a Baronet in 1644, d. in 1702. | 

I 1 

Francis Courtenay, Esq., M.P. for Devon, 
d. v.p. in 1699. 



Margaret, dau. of Sir William Waller, Knt., 
the celebrated Parliamentary General. 

Mary, dau. of John Bovey, Esq. 



Anne Courtenay, dau. of Francis Courtenay, : 
Esq. 



The Rev. Henry Walrond, of Bradfield, 2nd 
son, succeeded his elder brother in 1761, d. 
in 1787. 



William Walrond, Esq. of Bradfield, repre- 
sentative of the very ancient Devonshire 
family of Walrond. 

Dorothy Milford. 



William Henry Walrond, Esq. of Bradfield, =p Miss Mary Alford, of Sandford. 
son and heir, d. 20 Feb. 1845. 



iFvancfS 31S3alvonlJ, eld. dau. and coheir, m. ■ 
6 July, 1815; 17th in direct descent from 
Edward III., as well as from the Lady 
Elizabeth Plantagenet, wife of Humphrey 
de Bohun, Earl of Hereford, and dau. of 
King Edward L 



Benjamin Bowden Dickin- 
son, Esq., who has assumed, 
by Royal licence, dated 22 
April, 1845, the surname and 
arms of Walrond only. He 
served as High Sheriff of 
Devon in 1824. 



1 

Margaret 

Walrond, 

2nd dau. 

and coheir. 



John Walrond, Esq., b. in 1818, only son: 
and heir. 



The Hon. Frances Caroline Margaret 
Hood, youngest dau. of Lord Walrond 
Bridport. Louisa. 



PEDIGREE Lxxvi. jjofin SiSailUam Stearic, lE&q,* 



Ifecitrg HlM.. King of England. =P Eleanor, dau. of Raymond, Earl of Provence. 



Edmund Plantagenet,: 
Earl of Lancaster. 



Blanche, 
Robert, 
Artois. 



dau. 
Count 



of 
of 



Eleanor, dau. of Fer- ■ 
DINAND III., King 
of Castile. 



— I 



Edward I., King of 



England. 



Henry Plantagenet, =j= Maud, dau. and sole 



Earl of Lancaster. 



r 



heirof Patrick Cha- 
worth, Knt. 



HumphreydeBohun.-p Elizabeth, dau. of 

Edward I. 



Eleanor. ^ Richard Fitzalan, 
Earl of Arundel. 



Elizabeth, sister and =p William de Bohun, 



coheir of Giles, Lord 
Badlesmere. 



Thomas Chicheley, 
of Higham Ferrers, 
CO. Northampton. 

, I 



Richard Fitzalan, : 
Earl of Arundel 
and Surrey, K.G. 

Elizabeth. 



William =p Beatrix, 



Chicheley, 
Alderman 
and Sheriff 
of London. 



dau. of 
William 
Barrett, 
Esq. 



1 

Henry 

Chicheley, 
Archbishop 
of Can- 
terbury, 
founder of 
All Saints. 



Elizabeth. 



Sir Roger 
Goushill, 
Knt. 



Elizabeth, : 
dau. and 
coheir. 



, -J 

John Chicheley ,- 

Chamberlain 

of London. 



r 



Agnes. 



■ Margery, dau. 

of Thomas 
KnoUes. 

■ John Tatters- 

hall. 



Elizabeth. 



Margery. =j= John Roper, 
Esq. of Sun- 
cliffe, Kent. 



John Roper, of ■ 

Eltham, At- 
torney-General 
to HenryVIIL 



Jane, dau. of Sir 
John Fineux, 
Knt. 



Anne. ■ 



Sir Wm. 

Sydney, 

Knt. 



Helen. = Sir Edw. Mon- 
tague, of 
Boughton, CO. 
Rutland, Lord 
Chief Justice 
of England. 



Lucy 
Sydney. 



Sir Robert 

Wingfield, 

Knt. of 

Lether- 

ingham, 

CO. 

Suffolk. 

: Sir Wm. 

Brandon, 

Knt. 

: Nicholas 
Sydney. 

Anne, dau. 
of Hugh 
Paken- 
ham. 
Sir James 
Haring- 
ton, Knt. 
of Exton, 
CO. Rut- 
land. 



Sir Edward Montague, of-p Elizabeth, eldest dau. 
Boughton, Knt., d. 26 Jan. 
1602. 



JoHy Searle, 
alias Allerton, 
an«o 5 Chas.L, 
descended from 
Nicholas Searle, 
of Allerton, co. 
Devon, temp. 
Edward III. 



Sir Sydney Monta- -p Paulina, dau. of 



gue, Knt., 7th son. 
Master of the Re- 
quests to Chas.L 



J 



John Pepys, Esq. 
of Cottenham, co. 
Cambridge. 



Earl of Northamp- 
ton. 



John Picker- 
ing, of 
Wynander 
Wayte, co. 
Westmore- 
land. 



Sir James 
Pickering, 
Knt. of 
Westmore- 
land. 



James Pick- 
ering. 



John Picker- 
ing, of 
Gretton, co. 
Northamp- 
ton, 2nd son. 



Gilbert Pick-: 

ering, of 
Tichmersh, 
CO. North- 
ampton, 2nd 
son. 



Ellena, dam 

of Sir 

Richard 

Harington, 
Knt. 



: Mary, dau. of 
Sir Robert 
Lowther, 

Knt, 
1st wife. 

: Margaret, 
dau. and heir 
of Lascelles, 
of Escrick. 

Helena, dau. 
of Colley, of 
Glaston, co. 
Rutland. 



: Elizabeth, 
dau. of James 
Stanbanke.of 
Notts. 



John Picker- 
ing, of 
Tichmersh. 



=p Lucia, dau. of 

Edw. Kaye, 

of Wynd- 

ham, CO. 

York. 



Gilbert Pick- 
ering, of 
Tichmersh. 



Sir John 
Pickering, 

Knt. of 
Tichmersh. 



Elizabeth, 

dau. of Robt. 

Hagar, of 

Borne, co. 

Cambridge. 

Susan, dau. 
of Erasmus 
Dryden, of 

Canons 
Ashby, CO. 
Northamp- 
ton, Knt. 



3loJtt 2!2lilHanr dearie, iEisti, pedigkee lxxvi. 



a 

John ' 
Searle, 
the 
flder, 
of 

Den- 
bury, 

CO. 

Devon. 



■ Anne, only 
sister of 
John Soper, 
and sole 
heir to her 
nephew, 
John Soper. 



Elizabeth, =pSir Gilbert John, 



sister to the 
great Earl 
of Sand- 
■\vieh,K.G., 
Lord High 
Admiral of 
England. 



Pickering, 
of Tich- 
mersh, Bart, 
of Nova 
Scotia. 



unm. 



Francis, Edward, =^ Dorothy, 
d. unm. of Lin- dau. of Sir 
coin's John Weld, 

Inn. of Arnold, 

Middlesex, 
Knt. 



John Searle,-p Mary, dau. and eventu- Francis Pickering, =p Joanna, dau. of 



of Denbury, 



John Searle, of - 
Denbury. 



ally heir of Christo- 
pher Gould, of Buck- 
fastlcigh, CO. Devon. 

Anne, dau. of John 
Yelland, of Ash- 
burton, CO. Devon. 



6th son, merchant 
at Oporto. 



John Starle, of • 
Denbury, and 
afterwards of 
Worksop, 
Notts. 



Margaret, dau. and 
heir of George 
Tattershall, Esq. 
of Exbourne, co. 
Devon, J. 25 Nov. 
1790. 



I 

Edward Pick- 
ering, of 
Oporto, 2nd 
son, d. about 
1761. 



Currin Vander, 

Houst, Dutch 

Consul at Oporto. 



Eusebia, dau. 
of Richard 
Aylward, of 
Oporto, son of 
Peter Ayl- 
ward, of 
Carnck, in 
Ireland. 



1 

Fraccis, : 
Picker- 
ing, eld. 
son. 



I r 



1 

Dorothy 
d. unm. 



Lucretia 
Charr, 

of 
London. 



John 
Pickering, 
d. unm. 



A dau., 
a nun. 



Gilbert, 
a monk. 



Margaret, Mary. 
d. unm. 
1808. 



Clement -■- Anne John 



I r 



Searle, of 

Oporto, 

2nd son. 



Henry 
dec. 



T" 



Pawson, Searle, 
of eld. son 



Oporto. 



Clemeu'.ina. Elizabeth. 



and 
heir, of 
Oporto, 
d. there, 
in 1800. 



Anna Isabel, 2nd dau. '■ 
of Dominic Brown, of 
Oporto, m. Nov. 1800, 
2nd wife. 



Maria 


Eusebia, 


Margaret, 


Anne, 


Theresa, 


a nun. 


4th dau. & 


5 til dau. 


eldest 
dau. and 




coheir, m. 
James 


and co- 
heir, m. 


Eliza- 


coheir. 


beth, 


Ferrier, 


toThos. 


m. 12 


d. unm. 


Brigadier- 


Fitz- 


Jan. 




General 


gerald, 


1766, J. 




Portuguese 


Major- 


6 Dec. 




Army, 


General 


1774. 




Governor 


Portu- 






of Valen- 


guese 






cia, and 


Army. 






afterwards 








Lt.-Gen.of 








Brittany. 





John Searle, Esq. of Moles- -p Mary Isabel, only dau. and heir of 



worth, CO. Huntingdon, only 
son and heir, i. 20 Jan. 
1767, at Oporto, where he 
was a merchant. 



Anna Maria, 
m. 10 Nov. 

1835, to John 
Thos. Sedley, 
Esq., grand- 
son of Til OS. 
Sedley, Esq. 

of Biddleston, 

CO. Northum- 
berland. 



Mary Margaret, 
eldest dau., r?i.in 
1812, to George 
Weld, youngest 
son of Thomas 
Weld, of Lul- 
worth. 



I I 
Emilia, d. 
ail infant, 
in 1795. 



1 

Thomas, 

b. 1796, 

d. 1798. 



Emanuel Martins, by his wife, 
Margaret Archdeckne, of Kil- 
kenny, m. 17 Feb. 1791, d. 13 
Nov. 1798, 1st wife. 



Margaret 
Mary, d. 

an infant, 
in 1797. 



3ioJ)n a®illiam: 
*cavlc, Esq. of 
Molesworth, b. 
20 Jan. 1793, 
TO. 13 Oct. 1829. 



r 



John Joseph, eld. 
son, b. 8 March, 
1831, d. 10 Aug. 
1835. 



Charles, b. 25 
Feb. 1834. 



Mary 
Blanche. 



1 

Barbara 

Constance. 



Lady Harriet 
Talbot, sister of 

Charles, 16th 
Earl of Shrews- 
bury. 



John Talbot 

Searle, b. 14 

May, 1837. 



PEDIGREE LXXVII. 



mintbcom'bt S^?enrg JiF?o6oartr ggavtUg, ^^q,. 



Margaret, dau. of Philip III. of France, =j= iSlrtoavlr I. King of =p Eleanor, dau. of Ferdinand III., King 



2nd wife. 



England. 



T 



of Castile, 1st wife. 



Thomas Plantagenet, =p Alice, dau. of Sir Roger 



surnamed de Brother- 
ton, Earl of Norfolk. 



Lady Marga- ^ John, Lord 



ret Plantage- 
net, Duchess 
of Norfolk, 
dau. and 
heir. 



Segrave. 



Elizabeth, =p John, Lord 



dau. and heir 
of John, Lord 

Segrave. 



Mowbray. 



rhoinas de =p Lady Eliza- 



Mow bray, 
Duke of 
Norfolk. 



beth Fitz- 
alan, sister 
and coheir 
of Thomas, 
Earl of 
Arundel 



r 



Lady Marga- =p Sir Robert 



ret de Mow- 
bray, dau. 
and eventual 
coheir. 



r 



Howard. 



Sir John -j- Catherine, 



Howard, 1st 
Duke of 
Norfolk,Earl 
Marshal. 



Thomas, : 
Duke of 
Norfolk, 
K.G., the 
hero of 
Flodden. 



dau. of 
William, 
Lord Mo- 
lines. 



Elizabeth, 
dau. and 
heir of Sir 
Frederick 
Tilney. 



H 



Halys, Knt. 



Edward II., King of =p Isabella, dau. of Philip the 



England. 



Fair, King of France. 



Edward IIL, King of England, founder of the Most Noble 
Order of the Garter, d. in 1377. 



Lionel of- 
Antwerp, 
Duke of 
Clarence, 
K.G., d. 
17 Oct. 
1368. 



Elizabeth, 
dau. and 
heir of 
William 
De iiurgh, 
Earl of 
Ulster, d. 
in 136.3. 



John of Gaunt, 
Duke of Lan- 
caster, King 
of Castile and 
Leon, K.G., 
d. in 1399. 



- Catherine, 
dau. of Sir 
PayneRoet, 
Knt., and 
relict of Sir 
OthoSwin- 
ford, Knt., 
d. in 1403. 



Eleanor, =p Thos. Planta- 



Philippa, -p Edmund Joan, dau. =p Ralph 



only dau. 
and heir, 
6. 16 Aug. 
13.55. 



Mortimer, 
Earl of 
March, &c. 
d. at Cork, 
5 Rich. II., 
1382. 



of John 
of Gaunt, 
Duke of 
Lancas- 
ter, d. 
1440. 



in 



r 



Elizabeth, =p Henry Percy, the 
dau. of renowned Hot- 

Edmund, spur, son of Hen. 
Earl of Earl of North um- 

March. berland, slain in 

1403. 



Henry Percy, 
Earl of North- 
umberland, 
slain at St. Al- 
bans, 22 May, 
1455. 



Neville, 
Lord of 
Raby, 
created 
Earl of 
West- 
more- 
land, 
Earl 
Marshal 
of 

land, 
K.G., d. 
in 1426. 



Eng- 



1 

John = 

Beau- 
fort, 
Mar- 
quess 
of 
Dorset, 
Earl of 
Somer- 
set, 
K.G., 
d.in 
1410. 



eldest dau. 
and coheir 
of Hum- 
phrey de 
Bohun, 
Earl of 
Hereford, 
&c. 

Margaret, 

dau. of 

Thomas 

Holland, 

Earl of 

Kent. 



genet,of Wood- 
stock, Earl of 
Buckingham, 
Duke of Glou- 
cester, K.G., d. 
in 1399. 



Edmond=F Anne 



Stafford, 


dau. 


Earl of 


and 


Stafford, 


coheir 


K.G. 


of 




Thos., 




Duke 




of 




Glou- 




cester 



- Eleanor, 
dau. of 
Ralph, 
Earl of 
West- 
moreland. 



Eleanor, dau. - 
of Rich. Beau- 
champ, Earl 
of Warwick, 
d. in 1467. 



Edmund Beau- 
fort, Duke of 
Somerset,Mar- 
quess of Dor- 
set, K.G., d. in 
1455. 



Anne, dau. 
of Ralph 
Neville, 
Earl of 
West- 
moreland. 



Henry Percy, Earl of= 
Northumberland, slain 
atTowton field, 1460-1. 



n 



-Humphrey 
Stafford, 
Duke of 
Bucking- 
bam, K.G. 



Margaret, dau. of = 
Edmund, Duke 
of Somerset. 



Eleanor, dau. and 
heir of Richard 
Poynings, d. in 
1474. 
Henry Percy, =j= Maud, dau. Catherine, dau. of Richard 
of William, Widville, Earl Rivers, K.G., 
EarlofPem- and sister of Elizabeth, 
broke. Queen of Edward IV. 



r 

e: 

4th Earl of 
Northumber- 
land, t?.inl489. 



- Humphrey Stafford, 
EarlofStafford,slain 
at St. Albans, v. p. 



r 



Henry, Duke of Buck- 
ingham, Constable of 
England, K.G., be- 
headed in 1483. 



Eleanor, dau. of Henry Percy, 4th Earl =p Edward, Duke of Buckingham, K.G., be- 
of Northumberland. headed on Tower Hill, in 1524. 



Thomas Howard, Duke of Norfolk, K.G., =p Elizabeth, dau. of Edmund, Duke of Buckingham. 
d. in 1554. 



Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey, beheaded, =j= Frances, dau. of John Vere, Earl of Oxford. 
V. p., in 1546. 

I ■ 1 

Thomas Howard, Duke of Norfolk, Earl =p Margaret, dau. and heir of Thomas, Lord 



Marshal, K.G., beheaded 2 June, 1572 



Audley of VValden, Chancellor of England. 



mimitomU ^m. Jgoluar^ SlattUg, ic^q* pedigree lxxvu. 



a 



Lord Thomas Howard, 2rid son, created Earl =j= Katherine, eldest dau. and coheir of Sir 
of Suffolk, K.G., d. in 1626. Henry Knyvett, 2nd wife. 

I ' 

Thomas Howard, Earl of Berkshire, 2nd son, =p Elizabeth, eldest dau. and coheir of William, 



K.G., d. 16 July, 1660 



Earl of Exeter, son of Thomas Cecil, 1st 
Earl of Exeter, by Dorothy, his wife, 2nd dau. 
and coheir of John Neyill, Lord Latimer.* 



Thomas Howard, 3rd Earl of Berkshire, d. in =p Frances, dau. of Sir Richard Harrison, Knt. 

1706. I of Hurst. 

. I 

1 

Lady Frances Howard, elder dau. and coheir =p Sir Henry Winchcombe, Bart, of Bucklebury, 



of Thomas, 3rd Earl of Berkshire. 



Berks. 



Sir Henry Winchcombe, Bart, of Bucklebury, =^ Elizabtth Hungerford. 
d. in 1703. 



Frances Winchcombe, elder dau. and Mary, dau. and coheir of =p Robert Packer, Esq. of 



coheir, m. the celebrated Viscount 
Bolingbroke, but d. s. p. 



Sir Henry Winchcombe, 
Bart. 



Shillingford, Berks. 



Elizabeth Packer, dau. and eventual heir of =j= David Hartley, M.A., of Bath, d. in 1757. 
Robert Packer, Esq., m. in 1735, d. in 1778. 



Winchcombe Henry Hartley, Esq. of Sodbury, 
Donnington, and Bucklebury, M.P. for Berk- 
shire, m. in 1787, d. in 1794. 



Anne, eldest dau. of Samuel Blackwell, Esq 
of Williamstrip Park, co. Gloucester. 



The Rev. Winchcombe Henry Howard =j= Elizabeth, eldest dau. of Thomas Watts, Esq, 
Hartley, of Bucklebury and Sodbury, m.2l of Bath. 

August, 1809, d. 9 Sept. 1832. 



2!JRint!)romhe f^cnrp |6otoav'b pjavtlcg, Esq. of Bucklebury, co. Berks, and Little Sodbury, 
CO. Gloucester, 20th in direct descent from Edward L, King of England; being entitled, as 
one of the co-representatives of Thomas Plantagenet, Earl of Norfolk, to quarter the Royal 
Arms. 



* Through this marriage, the present Winchcombe Henry Howard Hartley, Esq., is one of 
the coheirs of the Barony of Latimer, now in abeyance. 



PEDiGEEE Lxxviii. SitilUam ^obtxt 23afeer, lEiSq:* 



iSlitoav^ EEE. King of England, d. in 1377. 



Philippa, dau. of William, Count of Hainault, 
rf. in 1369. 



Thomas Plantagenet, of Woodstock, Earl of -p Eleanor, eld. dau. and coheir of Humphrey 



Buckingham and Duke of Gloucester, K.G. 



de Bohun, Earl of Hereford, Essex, and 
Northampton, Constable of England. 



Anne Plantagenet, dau. and coheir of Thomas -p Sir William Bourchier, Knt., Earl of Eu, in 



of Woodstock, relict of Edmond, Earl of 
Stafford. 



Normandy. 



Sir John Bouchier, K.G., 4th son, Lord Ber- -p Margery, dau. and heir of Sir Richard Berners, 



ners, (Jure uxoris,) d. in 1474. 



Knt., Lord Berners. 



Berners. 



Richard Neville, Lord Latimer, succeeded his 
grandfather. 



Jane, dau. of Sir John Bourchier, Lord =p Sir Henry Neville, Knt., son of George, Lord 

Latimer; slain, 1468. 

Anne, dau. of Humphrey Stafford, of Grafton, 
CO. Worcester, Knt. 

Dorothy, dau. of Sir George Vere, Knt., and 
sister and coheir of John, Earl of Oxford, K.G. 

Lucy, dau. of Henry Somerset, Earl of Wor- 
cester, d. in 1532. 



John Neville, Lord Latimer, d. in 1542. 



John Neville, Lord Latimer, d. in 1577. 



Elizabeth, dau. and coheir of John, Lord =j= Sir John Danvers, of Dauntsey, co. Wilts, 
Latimer. | Knt., d. in 1594. 



Eleanor, dau. of Sir John Danvers, Knt., 
sister of Henry, Earl of Danby, K.G. 



Thomas Walmesley, of Dunkenhalgh, co. 
Lancaster, Esq., son of Sir Thomas Walmes- 
ley, Knt., Justice of the Common Pleas. 



Anne, dau. of Thomas Walmesley, and relict =j= Sir Edward Osborne, of Kiveton, co. York, 



of William Midleton, Esq. of Stockhold, co. 
York. 



Bart., Lieut-General to the Forces of 
Charles L 

Bridget, 2nd dau. of Montague Bertie, Earl of 
Lindsey, Lord Great Chamberlaui of Eng- 
land. 
Sophia, dau. of Thomas, Duke of Leeds, K.G., ^ Sir William Fermor, created Lord Lempster 
and relict of Donatus, Lord O'Brien, grand- 
son and heir of Henry, Earl of Thomond. 



Thomas Osborne, Duke of Leeds, K.G., Lord : 
High Treasurer of England. 



in 1692. 



Thomas Fermor, ere- =j= Henrietta Louisa, Matilda, youngest -p Edward Conyers, 



ated Earl Pomfret, 
in 1721, K.G. 



dau. and heir of 
John, Lord Jeffries, 
Baron of Wem. 



dau. of William, 
Lord Lempster. 



Esq. of Copped Hall. 



The Lady Henrietta Fermor, 3rd dau. of =p John Conyers, Esq. of Copped Hall, co. Essex. 
Thomas, 1st Earl of Pomfret. 



Sophia, 2nd dau. of John Conyers, Esq. of =p William Baker, Esq. of Bayfordbury, Herts. 
Copped Hall. 



William Baker, Esq. of Bayfordbury. 



?i23aiiam iiJobcrt ISafter, Esq. of Bayford- : 
bury, Herts, High Sheriff in 1836, and 17th 
in direct descent from Edward IIL, King 
of England. 



Ester, dau. of Robert Fagan, Esq., Consul- 
General of H.B.M. for Sicily and Malta. 

Anna Emma Katherine, dau. of Henry Fynes 
Clinton, Esq., representative of Henry, 3rd 
son of the 2nd Earl of Lincoln. 



5L2BiUtam CTlinton ISafect, son and heir. 



3lol)n Disney, <80q. JF.IR.^., JF.^.a. iedigreelxxix. 



J^enrg H. King of England, d. 1189.=pEleanor, eldest dau. of William V. Duke of 

Guienue, and relict of Louis VII. King of 
France. 



r 



John, Kingof=pIsabeI, dau. of 
Aymer, Count 
of Angoulesmc. 



England. 



Alphonso VIII. King of Caslile=FEleonora Plantagenet, 2d 
and Leon, d. 1214. dau. of Henry II., d. 1214. 



Henry III.^pEleanor, 2nd 



Louis Vlll. King of France,= 
d. 1^26. 



King of Eng- 
land. 



dau. of Ray- 
mond Berenger, 
Count of Pro- 
vence. 



^Blanche, of Castile. 2nd 
dau. of Alphonso V'lll., 
King of Castile. 



St. Louis lX.=j:Margaret, eldest Uobert,=f:.Maud, of Bra. 



King of 
France, d. 
1270. 



dau. of Raymond Count 

Berenger, Count ofArtois, 

of Provence. 3rd scm 

of Louis 

VIII. 



Philip III. King of=^Mary, of Brabant, rf. 
France, d. 1285. 



I 



1 1321. 



bant, eld. dau. 
of Henry II., 
Duke of Bra. 
bant, d. 1288. 



H 



Eleanor, of Castile,=^EDWARD 1. King Eng-=pMargaret, of Edmund P!an-=pBlanche, of 



d. 1290, 1st wife. 



land, d. 1307. 



r 



France, 2nd 
wife. 



tagenet, Earl 
of Lancaster, 
2nd son of 
Henry III. 



Artois, relict 
of Henry I. 
King of 
Navane. 



Edward II.-pIsabel,of EdmundPlan-=j=Margaret, Henry Plan-=pMaud, dau. 



King of 

England, d. 

1326. 



France, 
dau. of 
Philip 
IV.King 
of France. 



tagenet, of 
Woodstock, 
Earl of Kent, 
d. 1329. 



Edward Ill.^j^Philippa, of 



King of Eng- 
land, d. 1377. 



2. Kathe- 

rine, dau. 

of Sir 

Payne 

Roet, and 

relict of 

Sir Hugh 

Swinford. 



Hainault. 



sister and 
heir of 
Thomas, 
LordWake. 



tagenet. Earl 
ol Lancaster, 
d. in 1345. 



and heir of 
Sir l^aliick 
Chawortb. 



Hen. Plan-=plsabel, Maud, 
tagenet, | dau. of 



Duke of 
Lancaster, 
K.G. 



-John of= 
fjaunt, 
Duke of 
Lancas- 
ter, 
King of 
Castile 

and 

Leon, 

K.G., 

d. 1399. 



— I 
u 



Henry, 
Lord 
Beau- 
mont. 



Plan- 
tage- 
net. 



William, Mary.=pHenry, 



Earl of 
Ulster 



Plan- 
tage- 
net. 



Lord 

Percy, 

d.ndl. 



^Blanche, Thomas=pl. Joan =^Edward Lionel of=FElizabeth 



of Lan- 
caster, 
dau. & 
coheir 
of Hen. 
Duke of 
Lancas-. 
ter. 



de Hol- 
and.Ear! 
of Kent, 
K.G. 



Plantage- 
net, the 
FairMnid 
of Kent, 
d. 1385. 



Prince 

of 
Wales, 

the 
Black 
Prince, 
d. 1376. 



Antwerp, 
Duke of 
Clarence, 
KG., d. 
1.368. 






de Burgh 
only dan. 
and heir of 
William, 
Earl of 
Ulster. 



I 



f 



PEDIGREE LXXIX. 



3!o6n ^imt^* ^n^ JF,iEl*^o JF.^^a* 



a 



Margaret=j= Ralph =f^Joan de Henry Elizabetli-pJohn de 



dau. of 

Hugh 

Lord 

Stafford, 

1st wife. 



NevilL 
1st Earl 

of 
West- 
more- 
land, 
KG. 



Beau, 
fort, 
dau. of 
John of 
Gaunt, 
2d wife. 



IV 

King 
of 
Eng. 
land, 
rf.l412. 



Planlage- 
net, 2ud 
dau. of 
John of 
Gaunt 



Thos. Dacre,=pPhilippa Ne%'ill, dau 



Lord Dacre, 
of Gillesland. 



of Ralph, Earl 
Westmoreland. 



of 



Sir 



H 
Thos. 



Holand, 
Duke of 
Exeter, 
K.G. 



e 

I 
Rich- 
ard 11. 

King 
of Eng- 
land. 



Edmund= 
Morti- 
mer,Earl 
ofMarch, 
d. 1381. 



{ 

:Philippa, 
Plantage- 
net, only 
child of 
Lionel, 
Duke of 
Clarence. 



Margaret^ Henr 



Nevil, 
dau. of 
Ralph, 
Lord Ne- 
vil, of 
Raby. 



1st 
Earl( 
Norll 
umbe 

land 



Dacre, =FElizabeth, 



son and heir 
parent d.v.p. 



ap- 



dau. and 
heir of Sir 
William 
Bowet. 



Sir John= 

de Grey, 

K.G., 

d.v.p. 

]439. 



1 



Elizabeth Mortimer ,=fHenry,Lord 



dau. of the Earl of 
March, m. 2ndly, Sir 
Thos. Camois, Knt. 



Percy, called 
Hotspur. 



^Constance de 
Holland, re- 
lict of Thos., 
Duke of Nor- 
folk. 



Eleanor Nevill,=f=Henry Percy, 



dau. of Ralph, 
Earl of West- 
moreland. 



Earl of Nor- 
thumberland. 



Joan Dacre, dau.npRich.Fynes, Edm. de Grey,=T=Catherine Percy, William-j-Anne, dau. 



and heir. Baro- 
ness Dacre, 



jure uxons, 
Lord Dacre 
of Gilles- 
land. 



Earl of Kent, 
Lord Treasurer 
of England. 



dau. of Henry, 
Earl of Northum- 
berland. 



Herbert, 
1st Earl 
of Pem- 
broke. 



Elizabeth Fynes,^John Clinton, 



dau. of Richard, 
Lord Dacre. 



J 



Lord Clinton 
& Say,c?.1488. 



John, Lord Clin-^Elizabeth,dau< 



ton, d. 1515. 



-J 



of Sir John 
Morgan, of 
Tredegar. 



Geo. de Grey,=pCatherine Herbert, 

Earlof Kent, d. I dau. of William, 

1504. I Earl of Pembroke. 

, I 

Anne de Grey,= 
dau. of George, 
Earl of Kent. 



of Sir 

Walter 

Devereux. 



^John Hussey, Lord^y^Margaret, dau. and 



Thomas Clinton,=pJane Poynings. 

Lord Clinton, d. 

1517. 



Edward- 
Clinton, 
1st Earl 
of Lin- 
coln, 
K.G. 



^Ursula, 
dau. of 
William 

Lord 
Stouilon. 



Hussey, beheaded, 
June, 1537. 



heir of Simon 

Blount, of Mangots- 

bury, co.Gloucester 



Sir William Hus-^Ursula, dau. and 



sey, d. 1556. 



coheir of Sir Robt. 
Lovell, Knt. 



Bridget =pl. Sir Ri-=2. Henry,=3.Francis, Margaret^Richard 



Hussey, 
restored 
in blood, 
5 Eliza- 
beth. 



chard 
M orison, 
Knt. of 
Cashio- 
bury. 



Earl of 
Rutland 



Earl of 
Bedford. 



Hussey, 
dau. and 
coheir 
restored 
in blood. 



D'Isney 

Esq. of 
Norton 
D'Isney 
d. 1578. 



Henry Clinton, EarlT=Elizabeth Morison, Daniel D'Isney, Esq.=pMary, dau. of Sir 



of Lincoln, d. 1616. 



r 



relict of Wm. Nor- 
reys, son of Henry, 
Lord Norreys. 



of Norton DTsney, 
d. 1587, 



Edward Molyneux, 
Knt. of Hawton. 



Sir Henry Fynes=f:Eleanor, dau. of Sir 



Clinton, Knt. of 
Kirkstead, co. Lin 
coin. 



James Harrington, d. 
1623-4. 



Sir Henry 
Knt. of Norton 
D'Isney, d. 1641 



D'Isney,^Eleanor, dau. of 
Thomas Grey, Esq. 
of Langley. 



Henry Fynes Clin-=pJane, dau. of Abra- John D'Isney, Esq.=f:Barbara, dau. of 



ton, Esq. d. 1670 



ham Markham, Esq. 
d. 1G89. 



of Swinderby, 
1680.1. 



Gervase Lee, Esq. 
of Norwell Hall. 



Catharine Fynes Clinton, youngest dau.^Daniel Disney, Esq. of Swinderby, co. Lin- 



and coheir. 



I 



coin, d. 1734. 



Jobn ^mt^, ciBsq, JT.IR.^., jF.^.a, pedigree lxxix. 



John Disney, Vicar of St. Mary's Not-=^Mary, dau. and coheir of William Wool- 



tingham, d. 1729. 



T- 



house, Esq. of Muskam, d. 1763. 



John Disney, Esq. of Swinderby and of=pFrances, youngest dau. of George Cart- 
the city of Lincoln, High Slierifi" of I wright, Esq. of Ossington, Notts, d. 
Notts in 1733, d. 26 Nov. 1771. 1791. 



Lewis Disney=T=Elizabetli, only 



Ffytche, Esq. 
of Swinderby, 
d. 1822. 



dau. and heir of 
Win. Ffytche, 
Esq. Governor 
of Bengal. 



Frederick, 
Major in 
the army, 
d. 1788. 



The Rev. John= 
Disney, D.D. 
of the Hyde, 
CO. Essex, d. 
26 Dec. 1816. 



Frances Elizabeth, dau. 
and coheir, m. 21 Feb. 
1800, to Sir William Hil- 
lary, Bart. 



-1 



Jane, eldest 
dau. of the 
Rev. Francis 
Blackburne, 
M.A. 



1 

Mary, m. to 
Edw. Turnor, 
Esq. of Stoke 
Rochford, co. 
Lincoln. 



Sophia, dau. and=Fjfo'5nBisnCB, Esq.ofthe Hyde.F.R.S. F.S.A. 



coheir, m. at Flint- 
ham Hall, Notts, 
22 Sept. 1802. 



Barrister-at-law, Recorder of Bridport from 
1807 to 1823, High Sheriff of Dorsetshire 
in 1818, and a Magistrate and Deputy Lieut, 
for Essex, 16th in direct descent from Ed- 
WARD 111. King of England. 



Edgar, only surviving son^=Barbara, dau. of the 



and heir apparent, b. 22 
Dec. 1810, »2. 23 Oct. 18.34. 



late L.W. Brouncker, 
Esq. 



Sophia, m. to Wm. eldest 
son of the Rev. Wm. Jesse, 
Vicar of Margaretling, Es- 
sex. 



PEDIGREE LXXX. 



Linn atm ^fjertoilL 



i^tnrg IH. King of=T=Eleanor, dau. and coheir of Ray- 



England. 



moud Berenger,Count of Provence. 



Kotett 13tucc, 
King of Scotland. 



Edward I. King=T=Margaret, dau. of Edmund, Earl=T=Blanche, Queen 



of England. 



Philip III. King of Lancaster, 
of France. 



Dowager of 
Navarre. 



T 



Edmund Plantagenet=T=Margaret, sis- 



surnamed "of Wood- 
stock," Earl of Kent, 
2nd son. 



r 



ter and heir of 
Thomas, Lord 
Wake. 



Henrv, 
Earl of 
Lancaster. 



:Maud, dau. and 
heir of Sir Pa- 
trick Chaworth. 



Margery .=pWalter, 
Lord 
High 
Steward 
of Scot- 
land. 



3rd husband,=pJoan Plantagenet,= 
the Fair Maid of 
Kent, m. William 
Montacute, Earl of 
Salisbury. 

I 



I 



r 



Edward the 
Blacr 
Prince. 



:2d husband. Lady Eleanor ,-pRichard Robert IL King 



Sir Thomas 
de Holland, 
K.G., Lord 
Holland. 



Plantagenet 
widow of 
.John Lord 
Beaumont. 



Fitz Alan of Scotland. 

Earl of 

Arundel, 



J 



King Richard H. 



Thomas de Holland, 2nd=^Lady Alice Fitz Alan. 
Earl of Kent. I 



Robert IIL King 
of Scotland. 



Lady Margaret=plst, John Beaufort, Marquess of=2nd, Thomas Plantagenet, 
Dorset, son of John of Gaunt, Duke of Clarence, son of 
Duke of Lancaster, by Katherine Henry IV. 
Swynford. 



Holland, 2nd 
dau. and even- 
tual coheir. 



Lady Joan Beaufort, eldest dau.=pjAMES L King of Scotland, 

I slain 1436. 



James U. Kingof Scotland.^Mary, dau. of Arnolph, 

Duke of Guelders. 



1 



The Princess Mary, relict of=T=Jame9, Lord Hamilton, 



Thomas Boyd, Earl of 
Arran 



d. 1479. 



The Princess=T=James Douglas, 

Joan. 1st Earl of Mor- 

I ton. 



James, 2nd Earl 
of Morton. 



James Hamilton, Earl of^Janet, dau. of Sir David 
Arran and Lord of Both well. Beaton, of Crick. 



James, 3rd Earl 
of Morton. 



T 



Jame.s, 2nd Earl of Arran and Duke=FLady Margaret Douglas, eldest dau. and 



of Chatelherault. 



I 



coheir of James, 3rd Earl of Morton. 



John, 1st Marquess of Hamilton, d. 12th=FMargaret, only dau. of John, 8th Lord 
April, 1604. 



Glii 



Glamis. 



James, 2nd Marquess of Hamilton, K.G.=FAnne, dau. of James, 7th Earl of Glen- 
d. 2nd March, 1625. cairn. 

I ' 

Lady Anne Hamilton, eld. dau. of Jamcs,=FHugh Monlgomery, 7th Earl of Eglinton. 
Marquess of Hamilton, K.G. 

1 ■ ' 

Lady Anne Montgomery, dau, of Hugh,=i=James Ogilvie, 3rd Earl of Findlater. 
7lh Earl of Eglinton. | 

, 1 

Lady Anne Ogilvie, eld. dau. of James,=FSir George Allardice, of Allardicc, M.P. 
3rd Earl of Findlater. and Master of the Mint, d. 17U9. 

I ' 

a 



LinD anD ^bettnill. 



PEDIGREE LXXX. 



a 

Helen Allardice, dau. of Sir George Al-^Alexander Lind, Esq.* of Gorgie. 
lardice, M.P. I 

James Lind, Esq. M.D., F.R.S., Physi-=FAnne Elizabeth, dau. of John Mealy, 



cian to H.M. George IV. 



and Elizabeth his wife, dau. of Richard 
Parry, of Perveddgoed. 



Alexander Lind, 
Esq. 



Lucy ftLaria= 
Lind. 



=Markham Eeles Sherwill,t 
Esq. b. in 1787, son of Mark- 
ham Eeles Sherwill, Esq. by 
his wife, an heiress of the 
Collet family. 



Anne Lind. 



—I 
Dorothea 

Lind. 



jF.Uinli.Esq. 


James 


fflarfe^am <JFfIfS — Sarah- 


Walter 


E.LCivii 


Lind. 


SflO'tDill, Esq. b. Jane, 


Stan- 


Service, 




1814, eld. son, Capt. dau. of 


hope. 


Bengal. 




Bengal Army. I. H. 


James 






Biggs, 


Lind. 






Esq. 





Ariana-Maria. 
Julia Sophia. 
Lucy-Maria. 
Anne- Elizabeth. 
Helen- Matilda. 



* The surname of Lyntie, like many others of g^eat antiquity, is local, and was assunded by the proprietors 
of the lands and barony of Lynne, in Ayrshire, as soon as surnames became hereditary in Scotland. In 
ancient times it was written Lynne, Linn and Lind, and at a very early period there appear to have been free 
barons of the race, viz., the Linns of that Ilk, in Ayrshire, and the Linns of Petmadie in Perthshire. The 
first of the former family on record is Robert de Lynne, who occurs as witness to a donation of Eustachius 
de Vesey to the Jlonastery of Kelso in 120". From him sprang the Lynns of that Ilk, whose representative, 
James Lind of that Ilk, sold the land of Linne, and was afterwards designated of Croftfute. He was great 
grandfather of John Lind, Esq., wlio married Isabella, dau. of David Boyd, Esq. of Fougel, and had, with 
younger sons, his heir George Lind, Esq., who was bred a merchant in Edinburgh, and became chief 
magistrate of that city. He purchased the lands of Gorgie. By Joan, his second wife, dau. of Hugh Mont- 
gomery, of Smithton, a cadet of the noble family of Eglinton, he had with two daughters, four sons, — 

Alexander of Gorgie. married, as in the text, to Hklen Allardice. 

George, Lord Provost of Edinburgh, and M.P. for that city, d. unm. 1763. 

John, Colonel in the army, who married 1st, Anne, daughter of John Semple, of the family of Fulwood, and 
by her was father of one son, Major-General John Lind. He married secondly, Mary Crawford, and by 
her had two sons, Morris-Alexander and George, and one daughter, May. 

Francis, .M.D., married Elizabeth, dau. of Major Montague Farrer, of the Inniskillen Dragoons. 

t The Sherwills derive their name from the river Sherwill or Cherwell in Devonshire, where they formerly 
possessed e.ttensive property; and where a churchyard (near Barnstaple,) is full of records of their former 
existence. The family is now divided into two branches: the elder and direct male line having adopted for 
several generations past the names of Markham and Eeles, under which they obtained and retained additional 
estates. 

EmmH, (sister of Markham Eeles Sherwill, Esq., the husband of Lucy-Maria Lind,) married to Sir Wra. 
Carrol, and has left two sons, now ofiScers in the army. 



PEDIGREE LXXXI. 



IPeter iEicltatt)0 ^pnor0, dBm- 



<!Rrmunlr IronsttJe.- 

Saxon King of 
England, d. 1017. 



-Edmund, the Exile, son=pAgatha, dau. of 



of Edmund Ironside, d. 
1057. 



the Emperor 
Henry III. 



Malcolm Canmore III.=rSt. Margaret, sister and heir of 



William, King 
England, called the 
Conqueror, d. 1086, 
buried at Caen, in 
Normandy. 



King of Scotland, slain 
1093. 

of=FMaud, dau. of Baldwin 
v., Count of Flanders, 
buried in the Holy Tri- 
nity, at Caen, in Nor- 
mandy. 



Edgar Atheling, heir to the 
Saxon Kings of England. 



Henrv I. King of=^Maud, dau. of Malcolm 



England,c/.2 Dec. 
1135. 



Canmore, King of Scot- 
land, d. 1 May, 1118. 



Geoffrey, Earl of^rMaud, the Empress, m. 3 



Anjou, d. 1127. 



April 1127, d. at Rouen, 10 
Sept. 1 167, bur. in the Ab- 
bey of Bee, in Normandy. 



HENRYll.Kingof=T=Eleanor, eldest dau. and 



England,6?.7July, 
1189, in the 57th 
year of his reign. 



heir of William, Duke of 
Aquitaine, d. 26 June, 
1202. 



William de Warren, = 
Earl of Surrey, d. 
1088,buried in Lewes 
Priory. 

I 

William de Warren,= 

Earl of Warren and 
Surrey, rf. May, 1138, 
buried at Lewes. 

I 
William de Warren,-p 
Earl of Warren and 
Surrey, d. in the Cru- 
sades, going to Jeru- 
salem, 1148. 



■Gundreda, 5th dau. 
of King William 
the Conqueror, d. 
1085. 

^Elizabeth, dau. of 
Hugh the Great, 
Earl of Vermandois. 



:Elva, dau. of WU- 
liam,Earlof Tangiers, 
d. 1174. 



John, King of =5=Isabel 
England, rf.lOOct. 
1216, buried in 
Croxton Abbey. 



dau. 



Earl of Angoulesme 



of Aymor, 
bur. 



in Anjou. 



Hamlyn Plantagenet,= 
Earl of Warren and 
Surrey, in right of his 
wife. 



Henry III. King=pEleanor, 2nd dau. and 



of England, d. 
1272. 



coheir of Raymond, Earl 
of Provence. 



William Plantagenet,: 
Earl of Warren and 
Surrey, d. 1239. 



-Isabel, dau. and sole 
heir of William, Earl 
of Warren and Sur- 
rey. 

^Maud, dau. and coh. 
of William Marshal, 
Earl of Pembroke. 



EnwARD I. King-rEleanor, dau. of Edmund Plan- John, Earl of^Alice, dau. of Hugh 



of England, d. 7 
July, 1307. 



Ferdinand, King 
of Castile and 
Leon. 



le Brun, Earl of 
March and Angou- 
leme. 



The Princess Joan-pGilbert de Clare 



of Acres, dau. of 
Edward I 



r 



J 



Earl of Glouces- genet. Earl of 
ter. Lancaster. 



tagenet, Earl of Warren and 

Lancaster. Surrey. 

Henry Planta- William, c?.?'/).=j=Joan, dau. of Robert 
"' ' I Earl of Oxford. 



Eleanor, eld. dau.-pHugh Le Des- 



Alice, sister &^Edmund Fitzalan, 



and coheir of Gil- 
bert de Clare. 



pencer, Earl of 
Gloucester. 



heir of John 
de Warren, 
Earl of War- 
ren & Surrey. 



Lord of Clun, son 
of Richard, Earl of 
Arundel. 



Sir Edmund Le=^Anne, dau. of Henry, Lord Eleanor, 5th dau. of^ Richard Fitzalan, 



Despencer, Knt. 
2nd son. 



Ferrers, of Groby. 



Henry, Earl of Lan- 
caster. 



Earl of Arundel and 
Surrey. 



Edward, Lord L<=pElizabcth, sole dau. and Sir John Fitzalan,=FEleanor, dau. and 



Despencer, d. 39 
Edward III. 

I 

a 



heir of Bartholomew, Lord 
Bnrghersh. 



younger son. 



heir of John, Lord 
Maltravers. 



-- 1 
c 



Peter iRiefearDs 0@^nur0, €0q. 



PEDIGREE LXXXI. 



a 



Margaret, dau. of= 
Sir Edward Lc 
Despencer. 



c 

I 



:Robert, Lord Feners, of Elizabeth, dau. of=f=Jolin Fitzalan, Lord 



Groby. 



Sir Edward Le 
Despencer. 



Maltravers, d. 12 
Henry VL 



A quibus through the families of Ferrers and Devereux, 
derives the present P. R. Mynors, Esq. of Treago. 
(See Pedigree xviii.) 



Sir Richard Fitzalan, Knt. 



Eleanor, dau. and coheir.=j=Sir Thomas Willoughby, Knt. 2nd son of 

William, Lord Willoughby de Eresby. 



Sir Robert Willoughby, Knt. d. 1465.=pCecily, 2nd dau. of Lionel, Lord Welles. 

Sir Christopher Willoughby, K.B., 1483.=pMargaret, dau. of Sir William Jennens. 

Sir Thomas Willoughby, Chief Justice=pBridget, dau. and heir of Sir Robert 
Common Pleas, temp. Henry VIII. I Read. 

Robert Willoughby, Esq. of Bore Place.=j=Dorothy, dau. of Sir Edward Willoughby, 

of WoUaton. 



j; 



Thomas Willoughby, Esq. of Bore Place.=j=Catherine, dau. of Sir Perceval Hart. 

Sir Percival Willoughby, Knt. of Bore^Bridget, eldest dau. and coheir of Sir 
Place. I Francis Willoughby, Knt. of WoUaton. 

Theodosia Willoughby .=f=Rowland Mynors, Esq. of Treago, co. 
I Hereford, d. in 1651. 
, I 



Robert Mynors, Esq. of Treago, h. in=pEliza, dau. of James Oswald, Esq. 

1616. I 

I 

Theodosia Mynors,=pl. Roger Boulcot, Esq.=p2. Richard Witherstone, Esq. of the Lodge. 



bapt. 13April,1652. I 



I 



Theodosia Boulcot ,=T=Peter Rickards, Esq., Edward Witherstone, Esq., High Sheriif, co. 
"of Evenjobb, co. Rad- Hereford, 1720. 
nor, h. 1669, d. 1729. =p 



dau. and heir, m. 16 
July, 1698. 



Peter Rickards, Esq., of Evenjobb, d. in 1780.=r=Catherine Witherstone, h. in 1723. 



Meliora, only dau. and heiress of the= 
Rev. John Powell, of Penland, co. Rad- 
nor, by Philippa, his wife, only dau. and 
heir of Thos. Baskerville, Esq. of Abe- 
redow. (See Pedigree xviii.) 



:Peter Rickards Mynors, Esq. of Treago, 
CO. Hereford, d. 1794. 



T^tXtt lSirfearll9=pMary-Elizabeth, dau. of Thomas Baskerville Mynors Meliora, m. in 1815, 



iSlgnors, Esq. 
of Treago, High 
Sheriff of Rad- 
norshire,inl825. 

r 



Edmund Trowbridge Baskerville, Esq. of Clyrow to H. H. Farmar, 
Halliday, Esq. of Clia- Court, co. Radnor, M.P. for Esq. of Dunsinane, 
pel Cleeve, CO. Somerset, the co. of Hereford. co. Wexford. 



Robert-Baskerville, eldest son and heir apparent. 



Other issue. 



I'EDIGRKE LXXXII. 



(2BDttJatti Joftn Clatjeting, €sq. 



Cgtert, 1st King of=f=Redburga. 
England, d. 838. 



Charlemagne, Em- = 
peror of the West, 
d. 814. 



^Hildegarde, of Swa- 
bia. 



Ethelwolf, King of=pOsburg, a dau. of 



England. 



Earl Oslac. 



Lewis le Bebonaire, 
King of France 



Judith, dau. of 
I Guelphl. 



Charles the Bald, =pHermentrude, dau. of 



Alfred the GREAT,=rElswitha, dau. of 



King and Emperor 
of France. 



King of England, d 
901. 



Eihelred the Great. 



Vodon, Earl of Or- 
leans. 



Baldwin I., Count of=pJudith,-widowofKing 



Flanders. 



Edward, King of=pEadgiva, dau. of 
England. | Earl Sigelline. 



1 



Ethelwolf. 



Alfritha, dau. of Al-=pBaldwin II., Count 
fred the Great. | of Flanders, rf. 918. 



J 



Edmund, King of =fElgiva. 
England, d. 946. 



Arnolf I., Count of=j=Alice, dau. of Her- 
Flanders. | bert II., Count of 

Vermandois. 



J 



Edgar, d. 975.=f Elfrida, dau. of Ord- 
I gar, Earl of Devon. 



Ethklred II. rf.=y:Elgrifa. 
1010. 



] 



BaldwinIII.,Countof^Maud, dau. of Con- 
Flanders. I rad I. 

I ' 

Arnolf II., Count of=pRosalie, dau. of Be 



Flanders, d. 988. 



renger II., King of 
Italy. 



Edmund Ironside, -pAlgitha. 
King of England, 

d. 1017. I 

, 1 

Prince Edward.T=Agatha, dau. of the 
Emperor Henry. 

Margaret.^Malcolm III., King 
of Scotland. 



BaldwinlV.,Countof=pOgive, dau. of Fre 



Flanders. 



deric I., Count of 
Luxembourg. 



Matilda, Queen of=FHEN-RY I., King of 
England, £f. 1118. j England. 

Maud,widow of Hen.=f:GeofFrey V. (Planta- 
V., Emperor of Ger- I genet), Comte d'An- 
many, d. 1167. | jou, d. 1150. 

I ' 

Henry II. (Planta-=T=Eleanor, dau. and 



Baldwin V., Count of=pAdela, dau. of Robert 
Flanders, rf. 1067. I., King of France. 
I — _ 1 

WiLLUM the Con- ^Matilda. BaldwinVI. 
QUEROR, King of Count of 

England. | Flanders. 

-■ , J 

I 

Gilbert, of Gaunt. 

Gilbert, of Gaunt. 
J 



genet),King of Eng- 
land, d. 1189 



heir of William, Due 
de Guienne & Aqui- 
taine, d. 1162. 



Beatrix, of Gaunt.=j=William Fitz Nigel, 
Viscount Constan- 



JoHN, King of Eng-^Isabel,dau. of Aymer, 



land, d. 1216. 



Comte d'Angouleme, 
d. 1246. 



tine, Baron of Hal- 
ton, and Constable 
of Chester. 



Eustace, Filz John,=pAgnes, dau. of Wil- 
son of Seirode Burgh. I liam Fitz Nigel. 



-J 



Hknry III., King of=pEleanor, dau. and 



England, d. 1272. 



r 
a 



Richard FitzEuslace,=pAlbreda, dau. and 
Baron of Halton. heir of Robert de 

Lizures. 



coheir of Raymond 
Berenger (le Trou- 
badour), Comte de 
Provence, d. 1291. 



-J 



Roger Fitz Richard, Lord of the Manor of 
Warkworth, co. Northumberland. 



r- 



T 



^ntoarli Jobn Clatiecing, (Bm* 



rP-DlGUKK LXXXII. 



a 



Edward I., King of 
England. 



The Lady Joane Plan- 
tagenet, called Joan 
of Acres, widow of 

Gilbert, Earl of Clare . 



-Ralph de Monther- 
mur, Earl of Glou- 
cester, jure rixoris. 



Thomas de Monthermer, killed v.p. in a sea 
fight with the French, a.d. 1310. 



Margaret, only dau.= 
and heir of Thomas 
de IMonthermer. 



Sir SimonMantacute,^ 
4th son. 



Thos. Montagu, Esq. 
of Boughton, CO. 
Northampton. 



-Sir John de Monta- 
cute, '2d son of Wil- 
liam, Earl of Salis- 
bury. 

"Elizabeth, dau. and 
heir of Wm. Bough- 
ton, Esq. of Bough- 
ton, CO. Northamp- 
ton, 



-Christian, dau. 
Thomas Basset. 



of 



John Montagu, Esq.-pAlice,dau. of William 
of Boughton. Holcot. 

William Montagu, ^f^Margaret, dau. of 
Esq. of Boughton. I Christopher Bouling. 

I ' 

Richard Montagu, =T=Agnes, dau. of Wil- 
Esq. of Hemington. liam Snelling. 



Thos. Montagu, Esq.: 
of Boughton, d. 5 
Sept. 1517. 



^Agnes, dan. of Wil- 
liam Dudley, of Clop- 
ton. 



SirEdward Montagu,=^Helen, dau. of John 



Knt., Chief Justice 
of the King's Bench, 
temp. Henry VIII. 

I 

SirEdward Montagu,^ 

High Sheriff of Nor- 
thamptonshire in 
1567. 



Roper, Esq. of El- 
thara. 



:EIizabeth, dau. of Sir 
James Harrington, 
of Exton, CO. Rut- 
land. 



Sir Edward Montapu,=p 1st wife. =p2d wife. 
K.B. created in 1G21, ~ 

Baron Montagu, of 

Boughton, d. 1644. 



a 



Elizabeth, 
dau. and 
heir of Sir 
John Jef- 
fries, Chief 
Baron of 
the Ex- 
chequer. 



Frances, 
dau. of 
Thomas 
Cotton, 
Esq. of 
Coning- 

ton, 
Hunt- 
ingdon- 
^shirc. 



I 
Robert Fitz Roger,: 

2nd Baron of Wark- 

worth, d. in 1210. 



John Fitz Robert, 3d: 
Lord of Warkworth, 
and 1st Lord of Cla- 
vering, in Essex. 



:Margaret, only child 
and heiress of Wil- 
liam de Cheney, and 
widow of Hugo de 

Cressey. 



:Ada, dau. and heir of 
Hughde Baliol, and 
grand aunt of Baliol, 
King of Scotland. 



Roger Fitz John, 4th Baron of Warkworth, 
and 2nd of Clavering. 



Robert Fitz Roser,=T=Margarct de la 



summoned to Par 
liament as a Baron, 
2 Nov. 1295. 



Zouch. 



Sir Alan de Claver-^Isabella, dau. of Sir 
ing, youngest son. William Riddel. 

I 

William de Clavering. 



Sir Robert de Clavering. 



Sir John de Claver-=^ Joanna, dau. of Thos. 



ing, Knt. d. 4 Hen. 
YI. 



de Heton. 



Robert de Clavering. 

T 



Robert de Clavering, d. temp. Edward IV. 

r— ? 

John de Clavering. 

, T 

Robert de Clavering,:^Joan Reims, of Short- 

flatt, CO. Northum- 
berland. 



d. 10 Henry VIII. 



John Clavering, of=p:Elizabeth Fenwick, 



Callalv, d. in 1536. 



r 



of Fenwick Tower, 
CO. Northumberland. 



Robert Clavering, of=j=Anne, dau. and co- 



Callaly. 



heir of Sir Thomas 
Grc}% of Horton, co. 
Northumberland. 



Robt. Clavering, Esq.^Mary, dau. of Sir 

of Callaly, eldest Cuthbert Colling- 

son. wood, of Eslington. 



r- 
b 



cJBDtuarti 3lo!)n (ZTIatiering, €^q. 



I'DIGERKE LXXXII. 

a 

Hon. Elizabeth Mon-=f= Robert, Lord Wil- Sir John Clavering,=f^Anne, dau. of Sir 



lagu, only dau. and 
heir of the first mar- 
riage. 

( 

Hon. Sir Peregrine= 

Bertie, of Evedon, 

CO. Lincoln, 4th son. 



longhby de Eresby, 
afterwards Earl of 
Lindsey. 

:Anne, dau. of Wil- 
liam Harvey, Esq. 
of Evedon. 



Knt. 



Elizabeth, only dau.=f= William Widdring- 



RalphClavering.Esq.- 
eldest surviving son 
and heir. 



and heir of Sir Pere- 
grine Bertie. 



ton, 2nd Lord Wid- 
drington. 



Thomas Riddell. 



Mary, dau. of Wil- 
liam Middleton, Esq. 
of Stokeld, CO. York. 



The Hon. Anne Widdrington, dau. of Wil- 
liam, 2nd Lord Widdrington. 



John Clavering, Esq. of Callaly, co. North- 
umberland, h. in 1659. 



Ralph Clavering, Esq. of Callaly, fe. in 1695.= Mary, dau. of Nicholas Stapleton, Esq. of 

I Ponteland and Carleton, co. York. 



! ■ 

Mary,dau. of Edward Walsh,=T=Ralph Clavering, 

Esq. 3rd wife. h. 27 June, 1727 

I ' 

Edward Clavering, Esq.=pMary, dau. of 
of Callaly Castle, successor I J. O'Byrne, 
to his half brother. | Esq. 



Esq. of Callaly,=;=Frances, dau. of John 
, d. 1788. I Lynch, Esq. 2nd wife. 

I ^ 

John Aloysius Clavering, Esq. of Callaly, 

m. twice, but d.s.p. 1 Dec. 182G, and was 

succeeded by his half brother. 



(JRrlnartr .tiofjn (fflabertng, (ffstj. of Callaly Castle,=pJane, only child of John 
20th in direct descent from Edward I. King of | Carr, Esq. of Bondgate 

England. ^sHall. 



Augustus. 



Eet). Jobn ^torcr, e^.a. 



PEDIGREE LXXXIIl. 



Elennor, dau. of Fcrdinancl=p(!n)tDartl h, King=f Margaret, d,iu. of Philip, 



III. KiiiR of Castile. 



i-i-vruum 
of En 



gland. I King of France. 



Edward II. King-pIsabella,of France. Margaret, sister and heir=^Edmund, of Wood- 
of England. | of Thomas, Lord Wake. J stock, Earl of Kent. 

I ' 

=Joan,the Fair Maid^EnwARD the 



Edward III. King of England, founder Sir Thomas = 

of the Most Noble Order of the Garter, Holland, Earl 

d. 1377. =r of Kent,K.G. 

I 1 d. 1360. 

John of Gaunt, =^Catherine, dau. of 



Duke of Lancas- 
ter, King of Cas- 
tile & Leon, K.G., 
d. 1399. 



J 



Sir Payn Roet, and 

relict of Sir Otho Thos.HollanJ, 

de Swinford, Knt., 2nd Earl of 

c?. 1403. Kent, rf. 1397. 



of Kent, dau. and 
heiress of Edward, 
Earl of Kent. 



Black Prince 
last husband. 



Joan, dau. of John=T=Ralph Neville,Earl 



of Gaunt, Duke of 
Lancaster, d. 
1440. 



:Lady Alice Fitz- Richard II. 
alan, dau. of Rich., King of Eng- 
Earl of Arundel. land. 



of Westmoreland, 
Earl Marshal of 
England, K.G., d. 

1426. 



Lady Eleanor Holland, dau.^=Thomas INIontacute, 



and eventual coheir. 



Earl of Salisbury. 



Richard Neville, Earl of Salisburj% &c. be-=p.\lice, dau. and heir of Thomas Montacute, 
headed at Wakefield, 2 Edward IV.,1460. I Earl of Salisbury. 

1 ' 

Lady Alice Nevill, dau. of Richard Neville.^Henry Lord Fitz Hugh, d. in 1472. 
Earl of Salisbury, and sister of the renowned 
Earl of Warwick. 



Sir William Parr, Knt.=f:Elizabeth, 2nd dau. and coheir of=pNicho!as, Lord Vaux, 2nd hus- 



1st husband. 



Lord Fitz Hugh. 



band. 



I 

Sir Thomas Parr. 



r 



AnneParr, Catherine 
m. Wm. Parr, wife 
Herbert, of King 
Earl of Henry 

Pembroke. YIII. 



Hon. Catherine Vaux, dau. and co-=f:Sir John Throckmorton, Knt. 

heir of her mother. | of Coughlon, co. Warwick. 

, 1 

^Catherine, dau. of Sir Edward 
Neville, Knt. 2nd son of Lord 
Abergavenny. 



Clement Throckmorton, Esq. of 
Hasely, co. Warwick. 



I 



Catherine, dau. of Clement Throck-=j=Thomas Harby, Esq. of Ads- 
morton, Esq. 



ton. 



Emma.eldest dau. of Thomas Harby, Esq.,-pRobert Charlton, Esq. 'of Whitton, co. 
and sister of Sir Job Harby, Bart. I Salop. 

I 

Sir Job Charlton, Bart., of Ludford, rf.=7=Lettice, dau. of Walter Waring, Esq. of 
1697. I Oidbury. 2nd wife. 

I 

Gilbert Charlton, Esq.=FAnne, dau. and coheir of Harvey Staunton, Esq. of Staunton, Notts. 
Anne Charlton.=^Richard Brough, Esq. of Thoroton, co. Nottingham. 

The Rev. George Staunton Brough, Rector of Staunton and Wollalon.=7=Hester Lowe. 

I ' 

Esther, only dau. and heir of the Rev. ^Charles \\ vide, D.D. Rector of St Nicholas, 
Geo. S. Brough, m. 20 Sept. 1785. j Nottingham, and Prebendary of Southwell. 

I _p 1 1 

Harriet, eld. — Henry Fynes, Charlotte, 2nd dau. and=fThe Rev. John Emma, =T=Colonel 
" "" ' "' ~' --.— --- Francis 

Sher- 
lock, 
.K.H. 



dau. and co- Esq., M.P. 
heir, d.s.p. 



coheir of the Rev. Ciias. 
Wylde, D.D. 



Storer,M.A.Rec- 3rd dau. 
lor of Hawks- andcoh. 
worth, b. 1782. 



1. rflf JACb..^0f))J Storrr, M.A.=f Margaret Amelia, eld. 2. Charles, M.D. of 3. George, 

of Ilawksworlh, Notts, b. 1»11, dan. of the Rev. Rich. Lowdham Grange, ofThorolon 

18th in direct descent from | Tillard. Notts, m. and has Hall,Notts. 

Edward I. King of England. ^ issue. 



PEDIGREE LXXXIV 



. ^it Claune W- champion De Ctespignp, T5t 



iE&toarJl ill. King ofc^Philippa, dau. of William 
England, d. 1377. of Hainault. 



Edward, 
Prince of 

Wales, 
commonly 
called the 

Black 

Prince, 
father of 
Rich. II. 



Lionel, of 

Antwerp, 

Duke of 

Clarence, 

Earl of 

Ulster, m. 

1st, in 

1352. 



:Lady Eli- 
zabeth de 
Burgh, 
dau. and 
heiress of 
William, 
Earl of 
Ulster, 
1st wife. 



1 

John of 

Gaunt, 
Duke of 
Lancas- 
ter, Earl 
of Rich- 
mond, 
father of 
Hen. IV. 



Isabel, : 
youngest 
dau. and 
coheir of 

Peter, 

King of 

Castile 

and Leon. 

1st wife. 



n 



Philippa Plantagenety 
only child and heiress. 



^Edmund Jlortimer, 3rd Earl 
of March, lineally derived from 
the marriage of Ralph, Lord 
Mortimer, of Wigmore, Avith 
the Princess Gwyladys, dau. 
of Llewelyn ap lorwerth, 
Prince of North Wales. 



Roger Mortimer, 4th=pEleonora, dau. of 



Earl of March, eldest 
son, d. 1.398. 



Thomas, Earl of 
Kent. 



^Edmund Thomas 
cfLangley, of Wood- 



Duke of 
York and 
Earl of 
Cam- 
bridge. 



stock, 
Duke of 
Glou- 
cester, 
K.G. 



^Eleanor, 
dau. and 
coheir of 
Humph- 
rey de 
Bohun, 
Earl of 
Hereford. 



Anne, dau. and-pEdmund, Earl 

coheir of Thos. I of Stafford, K.G. 

of Woodstock. 1 
,j 

Humphrey Staf-=7=Anne, dau. of 



ford, Duke of 

Buckingham, 
K.G. slain 1460 



Lady 



Ralph Nevill, 
Earl of West- 
moreland, K.G. 



Catherine=f:John Talbot, 3rd 



Stafford, young- 
est dau. of Hum- 
phrey Duke of 
Buckingham. 



Earl of Shrews- 
bury. 



Edmund, 5th 
Earl of March, 
d.s.p. 1424. 



Anne Mortimer.-pRichard Plantagenet, George, 4th Earl^Anne, dau. of 



only dau. & heir. 



r 



Earl of Cambridge, 
only surviving son. 



of Shrewsbury, 
KG. d. 1538. 



r 



William, 
Hastings. 



Lord 



Richard Plantagenet, Duke of York,=pCecily, dau. of Ralph Francis, 5th Earl=T=Mary, dau. of 



Protector of England, only son, fell 
at the battle of Wakefield, UGO. 



Neville, Earl 
We>tmoreland. 



of of Shrewsbury, 
K.G. d. 15G0. 



Thos. Lord Da- 
creof Giilesland. 



i_- 



Edward 
ly. King 
of Eng- 
land, d. 
9 April: 
1483. 



Edmond, Georgc-plsabel, 



Earl of 
Rutland, 
slain at 
Wake- 
field, 
aged 12. 



Duke of 
Cla- 
rence, 
put to 
death, 
1477. 



dau. & 
heir of 
Rich. 
Neville, 
Earl of 
.Warwick. 



Richard 
111. King 
of Eng- 
land. 



Anne Plan.^Sir 
tagenet, jm. 
1st, Henry 
Holland, 
Duke of 
Exeter. 



1 



Margaret Eliza- 

Tlios. m. Chas. betli, m. 

St. Le- the Bold, John de 

get, Duke of la Pole, 

Knt. Bur- Duke of 

gundy. Sussex. 



The Princess Elizabeth, 
m King Henry Vll.; a 
q»ibus her present Majesty, 
Queen Victoria. 



-"1 



Sir George Manners, Lord Ros,=pAnne St. Leger, 



to which barony he succeeded 
on the death of his mother, in 
1487, d. 1513. 



only 
heir 



dau. and 



J 



Thomas Manners, 1.3th Lord Ros, K.G.,=pEleanor, dau. of Sir William Paston. 
eldest son, created Earl of Rutland, 18 2nd wife. 
June, 1528, d. 1543. 



L-idy Gertrude Manners, dau. of Thos, 
Earl of Rutland. 



T 



Georjre, G.tli Earl of Shrewsbury, K.G. 
d. 1590. 



Lady Mary Talbot, 2iid dau. of George,=pSir George Savilc, of Thornhill, 
8;h Earl of Shrewsbury. York, Bart. 



CO. 



r' 
n 



^ir Claune ^.Cftampion De Cre0pignp,T5t. pedigree lxxxiv. 



a 



Sir George Savile, son and heir appa-=pAnne, dau. of Sir W. Wentworth, Bart, 
rent, rf.i'./). I of Wentworth Woodhouse. 

I 

Sir William Savile, Bart, of Thonihill,T=Anne, dau. of Thomas, Lord Coventry, 
d. 1643. I the Lord Keeper. 



r 



Anne, elder dau. of Sir William Savile,=pThomas, Earl of Plymouth, d. 3 Nov. 
and sister of George, Marquess of 
Halifax. 



1687. 



Other, eldest son and heir of Tliomas,=ipElizabeth, dau. and sole heir of Thomas 
Earl of Plymouth, d.v.p. 11 Nov. 16S4. ( Turvey, Esq. of Walcote. 
I 

Other, 2nd Earl of Plymouth, b. in 1679,=pElizabeth, dau. and heir of Thomas 
d. 26 Dec. 1727. Whitley, Esq. of Peel, co. Chester. 

I ' 

Other, 3rd Earl of Plymouth, b. 30 June,=f=Elizabelh, only dau. and heir of Thomas 
1707, d. 23 Nov. 1732. I Lewis, Esq. of Soberton, Hants. 

Other Lewis Windsor, 4th Earl of Ply-=pCatherine, eld. dau. of Thomas, Lord 
mouth, d. 20 April, 1771. | Archer. 

1 ' 

Lady Sarah Windsor, dau. of Other^Sir William Champion de Crespigny, 



Lewis, Earl of Plymouth, b. 1763, m. 
in 178G. 



Bart. M.P. d. in 1829. 



Augustus- James Champion deCrespigny,^CaroUne, dau. of Sir William Smijth, 



Esq., Capt. R.N., a distinguished naval 
officer, who served under Nelson and 
CoUingwood, d. 24 Oct. 1825. 



Bart, of Hill Hall, Essex. 



Sir (liriau&e ffSailliam CTfjamiJion trc=Mary, 2nd dau. of Henry-Other. Frederick-John. 
CtrspigilB^Bt. J 8th in direct descent Sir John T. Ty- 
from Edward III., King of Eng- rell, Bart., of Bore- 
land, 6. 25 June, 1818. ham House, M.P. 



PEDIGREE LXXXV. 



Duke of BortbumbetlanD* 



ffliaailliam ti&e Conqueror, King of=pMaud, dau. of Baldwin, 5th Count of 
England, 1066. 



Flanders. 



Adela. =f=Stephen, 

I ' Earl of 

Stephen, Blois. 

King of 
England. 



William II., 

surnamed 

Rufus, King 

of England, 

d. unm. 



1st wife, Matilda, dau.=f Henry I.,=2ndwife, Adeliza, 



of Malcolm III., King 
of Scotland : by Mar- 
garet, his queen, heiress 
of the Saxon line. 



King of 
England, 
b. in 1070. 



dau. of iGodfrey, 
Duke of Lovaine, 
d.s.p. 



William, d.s.p. 



1. Henry V. Emperor^^Matilda.=F2. GeofFry Plantagenet, Count of 



of Germany. 



T 



Anjou. 



Henry II., King of England, 6. in 1133.=T=Eleanor, dau. and coheiress of William V., 

Duke of Aquitaine. 



Richard I., King of 1. Isabel, dau. and heir=JoHN, King of=T=2. Isabella, dau. and heiress 



England, (/.s./). 1199. 



of William, 
Gloucester. 



Earl of 



England, d. 
17 Oct. 1216. 



of Aymer Taillefer, Count 
of Angouleme. 



Henry III., King of England, h. 1 Oct. 1206.^Eleanor, dau. and coheiress of Raymond 

I Berenger, Count of Provence. 



Blanchcj QueenT=Edmund, 1st wife, Eleanor, dau.' 



Dowager of 
Navarre. 



Edward I., King=2nd wife, Margaret, 
of England, b. in dau. of Philip III. 
1239. King of France, d. 

1317. 

Henry, Earl of Lan-T=Maud, dau. and heir of Edward II., King of=pEleanor, dau. of Phi 



Earl of 
Lancas- 
ter. 



of Ferdinand III., 
King of Castile. 



caster. 



Sir Patrick Chaworth 



England, murdered 
1326. 



lip the Fair, King 
of France. 



Lady Mary Plantage-=f Henry, 3rd Lord Percy, Philippa, dau. of WH-^PEdward III., King 
net. dau. of Henry, of Alnwick. Ham, Comte of Hain- of England, d. 1377. 



net, dau. of Henry, 
Earl of Lancaster 



Ham, Comte of Hain- 
ault, (/. 1369. 



H enry ,=pM argare t , 



Earl of 
North- 
um- 
berland 



T 



dau. of 
Ralph 
Lord Ne- 
ville, of 
Ilaby. 



John Plantage-=Lady Blanche 
net, of Gaunt, Plantagenet, 
K.G., Duke of dau. and heir 
Lancaster, 3rd of Henry, 
son of Edward Duke of Lan- 
III., d. 1399. caster. 



Lionel, of^^Lady Eli- 



Antwerp, 
Duke of 
Clarence, 
2nd son 
of King 
Edward 
HI. 



zabeth de 
Burgh, 
dau. and 
heir of 
William, 
Earl of 
Ulster. 



Edmund, of 
Langley, 
Duke of 
York, 4th 
son, m. 
Isabel,dau. 
and coh. of 
Peter, King 
of Castile. 



Lady Philippa Plantagenet.' 



^Edmund Mortimer, Earl 
of March. 



Henry Percy, com-^j^Elizabeth, dau. of Roger, Earl of ^Eleanora, dau. of 



monly called Hot- 
spur. 



Edmund, 
March. 



Earl of March, d. 1398. 



Thomas, Earl of 
Kent. 



r 



I 



Henry Percy,=FLady Eleanor Neville, dau. of 
2nd Earl of Ralph, (Earl of Westmore- 
Northumber- land,) by Joan de Beaufort, 
land. his wife,dau. of John of Gaunt. 



Lady Anne Morti-^Richard Plantagenet, 
mer, dau. and heir. Earl of Cambridge. 

r ' 

Richard, Duke of=pCicely, dau. of Ralph 



York, Protector. 



Neville, Earl of West- 
moreland. 



Henry Percy ,=T=Eleanor, dau. and 2. Edward lV.,=^Lady Elizabeth=Fl. Sir John Grey, 



3rd Earl of 
N orthumbcr- 
land. 



sole heir of Rich. 
Poynings, son of 
Lord Poynings. 



King of Eng- 
land, d. 1483. 



a 



r- 
b 



Widvile, dau. of 
Richard, Earl 
Rivers. 

H 

c 



2nd Baron Grey, 
of Groby, slain at 
St. Albans, 1461. 



Dulfte of Jl5ottl)umt)crIanD. 



PEDIGREK LXXXV. 



I 

Henry Percy,: 
4thEarl,K.G. 



:Maud, dau. of Her- 
bert, 1st Earl of 
Pembroke. 



PrincessEli-=j=HENRY VII. Thos. Grey,=pCecilie,dau 



Henry ^Catherine, dau. and coheir 



Alger- 
non 
Percy, 
5 th 
Earl, 
K.G., 

d. 
1527. 



zabelh Plan- 
tagcnet, of 
York, d. 
1503. 



of Sir Robt. Spencer, Knt. 
of Spencer-Combe, CO. De- 
von, by Eleanor, his wife, 
dau. and eventual coheir 
of Edmund Beaufort, Duke 
of Somerset, son of John, 
Earl of Somerset, K.G.,by 
Margaret, his wife, dau. & 
coheir of Thomas Holland, 
Earl of KentjWhose mother 
was JoANE Plantagenet, 
dau. and heir of Edmund, 
Earl of Kent. 



Kingof Eng- 
land,d.l5(J9. 



K.G., 1st 

Marquess of 
Dorset, d. 
1501. 



of William, 
Lord Bon- 
vile, of Har- 
ington. 



Princess Mary: 
Plantagenet, 
(widow of 
Louis XII. 
Kingof 
France,) d. 
1533. 



:Chas. Bran- 
don, K.G., 
Duke of Suf- 
folk, ff. 1545. 



Thos 

K.G., 2nd 
Marquess of 
Dorset, d. 
1530. 



Grey,=j=Margaret, 
dau. of Sir 
Rob.Wot- 
ton, Knt. 
of Brac- 
ton.Kent. 



Sir Thomas 
Henry YIII. 



Percy, 2nd son, executed 29 Lady Frances Bran-=T=Henry Grey, K.G., 



J 



don,rf. 1563. 



Henry Percy, 8thEarl-pKatherine, eldest dau< 



of Northumberland. 



Duke of Suflfolk, 
headed 1554. 



be- 



and colieir of 
Neville, Lord 
mer. 



John 
Lati- 



Lady CatherineGrey,-T-Edward Seymour, 



Henry Percy, 9th =^Dorothy, sister of Ro- 
Earl, K.G. d. 1632. bert Devereux, 2nd 
Earl of Essex, and 
widow of Sir Thomas 
Perrot. 



(sister 
brated 
Grey), 



of the cele- 
Lady Jane 
d. 1567. 



Edward Seymour, 
Lord Beauchamp, 
d.v.p. 1619. 



Earl of Hertford, (son 
of Edward, Duke of 
Somerset, K.G., Lord 
Protector), rf. 1621. 

=pHonora, dau. of Sir 
Richard Rogers, of 
Bryanston,co.Dor3et. 



Algernon Percy, 10th=pLadyElizabeth How- 



Earl of Northumber- 
land, K.G. rf. 13 Oct. 
1668. 



ard, 2nd dau. of 
Theophilus, 2nd Earl 
of Suffolk. 



Sir Francis Seymour,=j=Frances, 
Bart, created Baron 
Seymour of Trow- 
bridge, 1641. 



dau. and 
coheir of Sir Gilbert 
Prinne, Knt. of Al- 
lington. 



Joceline Percy, llth=FElizabeth, youngest Charles, 2nd Lord=pElizabelh, dau 



Earl of Northumber- 
land, d. 21st May, 
1670. 



J 



dau. of Thomas 
Wriothesley, Earl of 
Southampton. 



Seymour of Trow- 
bridge. 



William, 
lington. 



Lord 



of 
Ai- 



Lady Elizabeth Percy, sole heiress of tlie Percj's,=T=Charles, 6th Duke of Somerset, K.G., 



only dau. of Joceline, Earl of Northumberland. 1 " the Proud Duke of Somerset," d. 1748, 
Algernon, 7th Duke of Somerset, only surviv-=T=Frances, eldest dau. and coheir of Henry 



ing son, summoned to parliament in 1722, 
on the death of his mother, as Baron Percy, 
and created Earl of Northumberland 2nd 
Oct. 1749, d. in 1750. 



Thynne, Esq. 



Lady Elizabeth Seymour, only dau. and heir=y^ir Hugh Smithson, Bart., who succeeded to 
of Algernon, Duke of Somerset and Earl of the Earldom of Northumberland under the 
Northumberland. limitation of the patent ; created Duke of Nor- 

thumberland 22nd Oct. 1766, d. in 1786. 



Hugh Percy, 2nd Duke oP^Frances-Julia, 3rd dau. of Peter 



Northumberland, K.G, d. 10 
July, 1817. 



Burrell,Esq. of Beckenham,Knt., 
and sister of Peter, Lord Gwydir. 



Lord Algernon Percy, Baron 
of Lovaine and Earl of Be- 
verley. 



I II 
Four 

daus. 



?^ugj) yrrr?, DllftC of=Lady Charlotte aigrmon ^rtrg, pre-= Lady Eleanor 



Xortfjunibfiiantr, 
K.G., b. in \~i^r>,ds.p. 
in 1847. 



Florentia Clive, sent Dufte of ISTortJs 
dau. of Edward, umtrtlanlJ, one of the 
Earl Powis. co-representatives of 

IIenhy VII. King of 

England. 



Grosvenor, dau. 
of the Marquess 
of Westminster. 



DiGBEE Lxxxvi. 1^01). ^tx (gtagmus Dijcou TBorrotoeg, 15U 

Jiicnrg III., King of England.=f Eleanor, dau. and coheir of Raymond 

I Berenger, Count of Provence. 



Edward I., King of=pMare;aret,dau. of Philip Edmund.Earl of Lan-y^BlanchcQueen Dow- 
England. King of France. caster. \ ager of Navarre. 






Edmund Plantagenel=pMargaret, sister and Henry, Earl of Lan-=pMaud, dau. and heir 
surnamed of Wood- heir of Thos., Lord caster. of Sir Patrick Cha- 

stjck. Earl of Kent, 
2nd son. 

ri 



heir of Thos., Lord 
Wake 



3rd husband.=f Joan Plantagenet,=f2d husband. Lady Eleanor Pkn-=f Richard Filz Alan, 



Edward the 

Flack 

Prince. 



the Fair Maid of 
Kent, m. William 
Montacute, Earl of 
Salisbury. 



Sir Thomas tagenet, widow of 

de Holland, John Lord Beau- 

K.G., Lord mont. 
Holland. 



Earl of Arundel. 



.J 



King Richard IL Thomas de Holland, 2nd Earl^Lady Alice Fitz Alan. 

of Kent. 



J 



Lady Eleanor Holland, 4th dau. and coheir.=prhomas Montacute, Earl of Salisbury. 

Lady Alice Montacute, only dau. and heir.=j=Richard Nevil, Earl of Salisbury, K.G., se- 

I cond son of Ralph, 1st Earl of Westmoreland. 



Lady Katherine Nevil, dau. of Richard, Earl=f William Lord Harrington and Bonville, slain 
of Salisbury, and sister of Richard, the re- 
nowned Earl of Warwick. 



at the battle of Wakefield, under the Yorkist 
banner. 



Cecilie, dau. and heir of William Lord Bon-=FThomas Grey, Marquess of Dorset, K.G., d. 
vile and Harrington. 1 in 1501. 

Lady Elizabeth Grey, fourth dau. of Thomas,=pGerald Fitzgerald, 9th Earl of Kildare. 
Marquess of Dorset. I 

Edward, Lieutenant of the Gentlemen Pen-=f Mabel, dau. and heij' of Sir John Leigh, and 
sioners, younger son of Gerald, 9tli Earl of 
Kildare, and brother of Gerald, 11th Earl. 



widow of Sir John Paston, Knt. 



Thomas Fitzgerald, second son of the Hon.=j'Frances, dau. of Thomas Randolph, Post- 



Edward Fitzgerald, and brother of Gerald, 
14th Earl of Kildare. 



Master General to Queen Elizabeth. 



George, 16th Earl of Kildare, b. in 1611, d.=pLady Joan Boyle, 4th dau. of Richard, Earl 



in 1660. 



of Cork. 



Lady Eleanor Fitzgerald, 3rd dau. of Georgc,=pSir Walter Borrowes, Bart, of Giltown, co. 
16th Earl of Kildare, m. 16 Feb. 1656, d. 3 I Kildare, lineally derived from a scion of the 
Aug 1681. I illustrious House of De Burgh. 

I 

Sir Kildare Borrowes, 3rd Bart, of Giltown.^p^Elizabeth, dau. of Sir Richard Dixon, d. 11 
M.P., d. in 17U9. ( March, 1745. 

r ' 

Sir Walter Dixon Borrowes, 4th Bart. oi=T=Mary, dau. and coheir of Captain Edward 



Giltown,M.P., d. 9 June, 1741. 



Poltinger. 



Sir Kildare Dixon Borrowes. 5ih Bart. ol=pElizabeth, only dau. and heiress of John 
Gillown, M.P., d. 22 June, 1790. 1 Short, Esq. of Grange, Queen's county. 

I 

The Urfa. Sir lErasmUS Siion l30rrob[lfS,=i=Harriet, fourth dau. of Ilonry Hamilton, Esq. 
Bart, of Giltown, b. 21 Sept. 1799. 17th in of Ballymacoll, co. Mealh. 
direct descent from Edw.III. King of England. | 

I r \ ' i r 1 

Kildare, ft. 16 Erasmus, eldest Walter- Henrietta-Mary, m. 5 Adelaide- Eleanor- 
July, 1828, d, surviving son and Joseph, h. June, 1845, Henry Charlotte- Caroline, 
in Feb. 1837. heir apparent, 6. 23 Sept. Meade Hamilton, Esq. Marianne. 
19 April, 1831. 1834. 47th Regiment. 



jFrancis IRicJjatti IPcice, (2B0q. pedigree lxxxvu. 



<!Filb)arII h King of England.=T=Margaret, dau. of Philip III. of France. 

I 

Thomas de Brotherton, Earl of Norfolk,=j:Alice, dau. of Sir Roger Halys. 
Earl Marshal. 

I 

Lady Margaret Plantagenet, Duchess oi^John, Lord Segrave. 
Norfolk. 



T 



Elizabeth, dau. and heiress of John, Lord=^John, Lord Mowbray. 
Segrave. j 

, 1 

Thomas de Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk.=^Lady Elizabeth Fitzalan, sister and coheir of 

1 Thomas, Earl of Arundel. 

I ' 

Margaret de Mowbray, dau. and coheir=pSir Robert Howjird. 
of Thomas de Mowbray, Duke of Nor- 
folk. 

I ' 

Sir John Howard, Duke of Norfolk.=^Catherine, dau. of William. Lord Molines. 



Thomas, Duke of Norfolk.=T=Elizabeth Tilney, an heiress. 



Elizabeth, dau. of Thomas, Duke of Nor-=f:Sir Thomas Boleyne, created Earl of 



folk. 



Wiltshire. 



I ~ 1 

W illiam Cary,=j=Lady Mary Boleyne. George, Viscount Lady Anna Boleyne, Queen 
Esq. Rochfort. of Henry VIII. 



T 



Kalherine, dau. of WilIiam=pSir Francis Knollys, Knt. Elizabeth, Queen of England. 

Cary, Esq. 



I ■ 1 

1. Sir Henry K.nollys,=pMargaret, dau. and heir of 2. Sir William Knollys, created Vis- 
M.P. Sir Ambrose Cave. count Wallingford, and Earl of 

Banbury. 

I ' 

Elizabeth, elder dau. and coheir of Sir=pSir Henry Willoughby, Bart, of Risley, 
Henry Knollys. I co. Derby, d. in 1649. 

, J 

Anne, only child of Sir Henry Willough-=T=Sir Thomas Aston, Bart, of Aston, 
by, Bart. 



J 



Sir Willoughby Aston, Bart.=pMary, dau. of John Offley, Esq. 



I 

Purefoy Willoughby, 7th dau., d. 1768.— Henry Wright, Esq. of Mobberley, d. 12 

■ Oct., 1744. 



I 

The Rev. Henry OfHey Wright, of Mob-=pJane, 2nd dau. and coheir of Ralph Ad- 
berley, rf. 1799. I derley, Esq. of Colon, co. Stafford. 



Frances, eldest dau. of the Rev. Henry=pFrancis Parry Price, Esq. of Bryn-y-pys, 
Offley Wright. and of Birkinhead, b. 9 Nov. 1761. 



jFmnriS Kirljavlr ^3rtrr, Esq. of Bryn-y-pys, and of Birkenhead Priory, &. 
) 7 Jan. 1785, 18lh in direct descent from Edwaru I. King of England. 

r 



PEDIGREE LXXXVIII 



. mmiam EasWeigl), €0q. 



i3l)tDar& J., King of England.=j=Eleanor, dau. of Ferdinand III., 

King of Castile. 



Lady Elizabeth Plantagenet.-j-Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford 

and Essex. 



Lady Margaret de Bohun, m. in I3i5.-r-Hugh de Courtenay, 2nd Earl of Devon. 



Hugh, Baron Courtenay, K.G. 

r— ? 

Hugh Courtenay, m. Matilda, dau. of 
Thomas Holland, Earl of Kent, by 
Joan Plantagenet, his wife, but d.s.p. 

Arthur Plantagenet,=^Elizabeth, sister and 
Viscount Lisle, K.G. heir of John Viscount 
Lisle. 



i_. 



John Bassett, of Um— pFrances, dau. and co- 



berley, co. Devon. 



heir. 



Sir Arthur Bassett,=f:Eleanor, dau. of Sir 



Knt. 



r" 



Chichester.of Raleigh 
Knt. 



Sir Robert Bassett,^Elizabeth, dau. and 



Knt. 



coheir of Sir William 
Pereau, Knt. Chief 
Baron of the Exche- 
quer. 



L- 



Jonathan Rashley, ofq=Anne Bassett,d.June, 
Menabilly, 2nd son 1631, aet. 36. 
and heir of John 
Rashley,son of John 
Rashley, sonof Philip 
of Foy, CO. Corn-wall, 
d. 1 May, 1675. 



John Rashley, of Me- 
nabillv.bapt. at Foy, 
22April,1621,d.i..j9. 



=Joan, dau. of John 
PoUexfen, of Moth- 
combe, CO. Devon^ d. 
6 AprU, 1668. 



Jonathan Rashley, Esq. of Menabillv,= 
bapt. 24 July, 1642, bur. 11 Sept. 1702. 



Edward Courtenay, of Godlington. 



Sir Hugh Courtenay ,= 
of Haccomb. 



:Philippa, dau. and coh. 
of Sir William Arce- 
dekne. 



.J 



Joan Courtenay.-pSir Nicholas Career, 
Lord of Carew, d. 
1449. 



Alexander Carew, of=pl3abel, dau. of John 



East Anthony, 
Cornwall. 



m 



Hatch, Esq. of Wood- 
leigh, Devon, c?. II 
Henry VIII. 



John Carew, Esq. of=jThomasine,dau. &coh. 
Anthony. J of Roger Holland, Esq. 

I 

Sir Wymond Carew,=pMartha, dau. of Edw. 
Knt. of Anthony. Denny, Esq. 

I ' 

Thomas Carew, Esq.=r=Elizabeth, dau. of Sir 



of Anthony, M.P., 
5lh Elizabeth. 



Richard Edgecumb, 
Knt. 



Richard Carew, Esq.=f=Julian, dau. of John 



of Anthony, the ce- 
lebrated Antiquary, 
d. 6Nov. 1620. 



Arundel, of Trerice. 



Sir Richard Carew,=T=Bridget, dau. of John 



Bart, of Anthony,so 
created, 9 Aug. 1641. 



Chudleigh, Esq. 



Sir Alexander Carew.^Jane, dau. of Robert 



Bt.of Anthony.M.P. 
1641. 



Rolle, Esq. of Hean- 
ton. 



Sir John Carew, Bt.=pSarah, dau. of Antho- 



of Anthony, rf. 1692. 



ny Hungerford,E3q. of 
Farley Castle. 



Jane. dau. of Sir John Carew, of Anthony, 
CO. Cornwall, Bt. buried 31 Aug. 1700. 



Jonathan Rashleigh, Esq. of Menabilly,=j=Mary, dau. of Sir William Clayton, of 



4th son, bapt. 10 Feb. 1690, M. P. for 
Fowey, d. 24 Nov. 1764. 



Mardon, co. Surrey, Bt. b. 24 Dec. 1707. 



1 
a 



5^illiam IRasfjleigb, dB^q. 



PEDIGREE LXXXVIII. 



a 

I 

Philip Rashleigh, 

Esq. of Mena- 
billy,]M.P. d.s.p. 



The Rev. Jona-=T=Calherine, John Rashleigh, of^Catherine, dau. and 



than Rashleigh, 
Rector of Sil- 
verton, Devon. 



dau. of the 
Rev. Wm. 
Stackhouse, 
D.D.ofTre- 
hane. 



Penquite, co. Corn. 
wall,6.20Junel742, 
4th son, d.l7 May, 
1803. 



coheir of William 
Baltic, of Middlesex, 
M.D., in. 6 April, 
1771, d. 1800, 



5123tniamKa6ftlngf),=pCaroliue, ^ir .^Ol&n (!roIr=^ Harriet, dau. of Jona- 



Esq.of Menabiily,?^/ 
1st, Rachael, dau. of 
William Stackhouse, 
Esq. of Trehane, but 
by her had no issue. 



dau. of Hen. 
Hinxman, 
Esq. of Ivy 
Church, CO. 
Wilts. 



man Kasf)Icigf), 
Bt. of Prideaux, 

CO. Cornwall, 
created a Bart. 
30 Sept. 1831. 



Robt. Williams, 
Esq. of Moore 
Park, CO. Herts, 
»i.24May,1808. 



than 
Haw- 
kins. 



William.=FThe Hon. Ca- 



M.P. 

eldest 

son and 

heir. 



therine Stuart, 
eldest dau. of 
RobertWalter, 
llth Lord 
Blanlyre. 



Battle, John =Mary- Anne, Jane. Harriett- 
6.1811, Cole- only dau. of Anne 

d.lS'22. man, Nicholas 

son Kendal, Esq. 
and of Pelyu. 
heir. 



— r~i 
Anne, »n.Wm. 

Williams, Esq. 

of Castle Hall, 

Dorsetshire. 

Louisa, m. 

Thomas Holt 

White, Esq. of 

Chase Lodge, 

Enfield. 



PEDIGREE LXXXIX. 



^ix William (JBarle mt\b^, iBaxu 



(Ptltoartr J. King of=T=Margaret, dau. of Philip III.=FEleanor, dau. of Ferdinand III. 



England. 



of France, 2nd wife. 



Edmund Planlagenet.^Margaret, sister and 



surnamed of Wood- 
stock, Earl of Kent. 



heir of Thomas, Lord 
Wake. 



Tiiieaii 
King of Castile, 1st wife. 

Edward II. King=Flsabella, dau. of 



of England. 



Edward, the Black^JoAN', the Fair^Sir Thos. 



Prince, 
band. 



last hus- 



Maid of Kent, onl}' 
dau. and heir. 



I 

RlCH.\RD 

II., King 
of Eng- 
land. 



Holland, 
K.G. 



Edward III.King= 
of England, d. 
1377. 



Thomas Holland,^Lady Alice Fitz- 



2nd Earl of Kent, 
Marshal of Eng- 
land, d. 1397. 



alan, dau. of Rich- 
ard, Earl of Arun- 
del, by the Lady 
Eleanor Planta- 
genet, his wife, 
dau. of Henry, 
Earl of Lancas- 
ter, grandson of 
Edmund, Earl of 
Lancaster, bro- 
ther of Edw. I. 



Lionel Planta-: 
genet, Duke of 
Clarence. 



-J 



Philip the Fair. 



=Philippa, dau. of 
William, Count of 
Hainault. 

=Lady Elizabeth de 
Burgh, dau. and 
heir of William, 
Earl of Ulster. 



The Lady Phi-=fEdmund Morti- 



lippa Plantage- 
net, only child. 



mer, Earl 
March. 



of 



The Lady Eliza-=7=Henry Percy, the 



beth Mortimer. 



renowned Hotspur, 
d. in 1403. 



Lady Eleanor^^homas 



Holland, 4th 
dau. and co- 
heir. 



Montacute, 

Earl of 
Salisbury. 



Lady Margaret^ 
Holland, 2nd 
dau. & coheir, 
m. 2ndly, Thos. 
Duke of Cla- 



rence. 



:John Beaufort, 
Earl of Somer- 
set, eldest son 
of John of 
Gaunt, by Ca- 
therine S win- 
ford. 



Henry Percy,= 
2nd Earl of 
Northumber- 
land, fell at 

St. Albans, 

145.5. 



Lady 
Alice 

Monta- 
cute, only 

dau. and 
heir. 



^ Richard 
Nevill, 
son of 
Ralph, 1st 
Earl of 
West- 
more- 
land. 



1 

John Beau-= 

fort. Earl of 

Somerset, 
K.G. after- 
wards cre- 
ated Duke 
of Somer- 
set, d. 1444. 



^Margaret, 
dau. of 

Sir John 
Beau- 
champ, 
Knt. of 
Bletso. 



1 



=Lady Eleanor 
Nevil, dau. of 
Ralph, 1st 
Earl of West- 
moreland, and 
Joande Beau- 
fort, his wife, 
dau. of John 
of Gaunt. 



Edmund^Aleanore, Henry =j=Eleanor, 
Beaufort, 

Duke of 
Somerset, 

slain at 

St. Al- 
bans. 



Lady Elea-=pThomas 



nor Nevill, 

dau. of 

Richard, 

Earl of 

Salisbury. 



Stanley, 

1st Earl 

of Derby. 



Lady 
i\Iargaret 
Beaufort, 
dau. and 

heir. 



-J 

=pE(;lmund 
Tudor, 
Earl of 
Rich- 
mond. 



dau. and 


Percy, 


dau. and 


coheir of 


3rd Earl 


heir of 


Richard 


of North- 


Richard 


Beau- 


umber- 


Poy- 


champ. 


land, 


nings. 


Earl of 


slain at 




War- 


Towton, 




wick. 


1461. 





J 



Eleanor, =PSii Robt. Henry =^ Maude, 



dau. and 
coheir of 
Edmund, 
Duke of 
Somerset. 



Spencer, 
Knt. of 
Spencer 
Combe, 
Devon. 



Percy, 
4lh Earl 
of North- 
umber- 
land. 



dau. of 
Herbert, 
1st Earl 
of Pem- 
broke. 



George, Lord^Joan, dau. and 
Strange, K.G. I heir of John, 
d.v.p. 5 Dec. Lord Strange, of 
1447. I Knokyn. 



Henry VII. 

King of Eng- 
land. 



Catherine Spen-=pHenry Algernon, 



cer, dau. and 
coheir of Sir Ro- 
bert Spencer. 



5th Earl of North- 
umberland, K.G. 
d. 1527. 



Thomas, 2nd Earl of Derby,=pAnne, dau. of Edward, Lord 
d. in 1522. Hastings, of Hungerford. 

^Dorothy, dau. of Thomas 
Howard, Duke of Norfolk, 
(see Pedigree xxxvii.) 

^ ' ^ 

n If 



Edward, 3rd Earl of Derby,= 
K.G. d. 24 Oct. 1572. 



Sir Thomas Percy, Knt. 
2ud son, executed for 
Ask's conspiracy, 2nd of 
Henry VIII. 



^ir 223illiam €arle 223elt)p, I5m, pkdigreb lxxxix. 



a b 

Sir Thomas Stanley,=FMargr.rct, dau. and Thomas, 7lli Earl of=j=Aniie, 3rd dau. of 

Knl. of Winwick, I coheir of Sir George Northumberland, bc- 

co. Lancaster, d. Vernon of the Peak. headed 22 Aug. 1572- 
1570. 



I ^ „ _ - _ . _ r- 



Henry Somerset, 2nd 
Earl of Worcester. 



Sir Edward Stanley, K.B. of Tong Cas-=T=Lady Lucy Percy, dau. and coheir of 
tie, CO. Salop. Thomas, Earl of Northumberland. 

Venetia Stanley, dau. and coheir.=pSir Kenelm Digby, '• the ornament of 

England." 

John Digby, Esq. of Gothurst, Bucks.=y:Margaret, 4th dau. of Sir Edward Lon- 

gueville, Bart. 



I 
Margaretta.Maria, dau. and coheir.=pSir John Conway, Bart, of Bodrhyddan, 

CO. Flint. 



J' 



Harry Conway, Esq. d.v.p.^Honora., dau. of Edward Ravenscroft, of 

Broadlane. 

Honora Conway, only child.=f:Sir John Glynne, Bart, of Hawarden, 

I d. 1 June, 1777. 

Penelope Glynne, 2nd dau.=i=Sir Wm. Earle Welby, Bart, of Denton. 

I ' 1 

Sir <!l?1tlltam (ffarlc 5!SilfI6g,=rWilhelmina, dau. Penelope. ^Thomas Augustus 



Bart, of Denton, co. Lincoln, 6. 14 
Nov. 1768, 17th in direct descent 
from Edward L King of England. 



and heir of Wil- Northmore, Esq. 

Ham Spry, Esq. 
Governor of Bar- 
badoes. 



I 1 

Glynne Earle \Velby,=FFrances, youngest dau. of Sir Other 

Esq. M.P. h. in 18U6. | Montague Cholmeley, Bart. Issue. 



PEDIGREE XC. 



^armion (2BDtt)atD jFerrer0> €sq. 



ffiiJtoartt I., King of England. 



y=Eleanor, dau. of Ferdinand]III., 
I King of Castile. 



Edward IL 
England. 



King of= 



^Isabella, dau, of Phi- 
lip the Fair, of France. 



1 



Joan of Acre, dau. of= 
Edward I., King of 
England. 



:Gilbertde Clare, Earl 
of Gloucester. 



Edward III., King=f=Philippa, dau. of Wil- Lady Elizabeth de =pTheobald, Lord Ver- 



of England, d. 
June, 137L 



21 



liara, 
ault. 



Earl of Hain- 



r 1 ■ 1 1 

Edward Lionel of ^Lady Eli- John of Edmund ^ 



the 

Black 

Prince. 



Antwerp, 
Duke of 
Clarence. 



zabethDe Gaunt, of Lang- 
Burgh. Duke of ley,Duke 

Lancas- of York. 

ter. 



._i 



Philippa, only T=Edmund Mortimer, Earl 
child and heiress. of March. 



Roger Mortimer,=pEleanor, dau. of Thomas, 
Earl of March. | Earl of Kent. 



L^: 



Clare, dau. and coheir 
of Gilbert, Earl of 
Gloucester, & widow 
of John de Burgh. 

Thos. of: 
Wood- 
stock, 



non, d. in 1316. 



Jsabel, 
dau. & 
coheir 
of Pe- 
ter, 



Duke of 
Glou- 



King of cester. 
Castile. 



Eleanor, Isabel, only: 
dau. and dau. of The- 
obald, Lord 
Vernon, by 

his wife, 

LadyEliza- 

beth de 

Clare. 



coheir 
of Hum- 
phrey de 
Bohun, 
Earl of 
Hereford 
&Essex. 



AnneMortimer, only dau.= 
and eventual heir. 



i 

Richard 
tagenet, Duke 
of York, Pro- 
tector of Eng- 
land. 



Anne Plan- 
tagenet, 
dau. and 
coheir. 



^Richard Plan- 

tagenet. Earl 

of Cambridge. 



=William 
Bourchie, 
Earl of 
Ewe, 



William, 3d: 
Lord Fer- 
rers of 
Groby, d. 
in 1371. 



=Henry 
Ferrers, 
Lord 
Ferrers 
of Gro- 
by. 



^Margaret, 
dau. and 
coheir of 
Robert de 
Ufford, 
Earl of 
Suffolk. 



Henry, 4th=j=Joane, 



Lord Fer- 
rers of 

Groby, d. 
1387, 



dau. of 
Thomas, 

Lord 
Poynings# 



Plan—pCicely, dau. of 
Ralph Neville, 
Earl of West- 
moreland, 



Isabel Planta- 
genet,only dau. 



:Henry Bour- 
chier, Earl of 
Ewe & Essex, 
d. in 1483. 



William, 5th Lord Ferrers 
of Groby, d. in 14'14. 



-J 



Edward IV., 
King of Eng- 
land, 



William Bour.-pAnne, dau. of Rich- 



chier, son and 
heir, d.v.p. 



ard Widvile, Earl of 
Rivers, and sister of 
the Queen of Ed- 
ward IV. 



Sir Thomas de Fer-= 
rers. Lord of Tarn- 
worth Castle, CO. 

Staffordj^wre uxoris 



Cicely Bour- =i=JohnDevereux, 



chier,only dau. 
sister and sole 
heiress of Hen. 
Earl of Essex. 



Lord Ferrers, 
uf Chartley. 



Sir Thomas de=^ 
Ferrers, Lord of 
Tarn worth Cas- 
tle, created a 
Knight of the 
Bath, 14 Ed- 
ward IV. 



Anne, sister of 
William, Lord 
Hastings, K.G. 



T 



:Elizabeth, eldest sis- 
ter and coheir of Sir 
Baldwin Frevile,Knt. 
of Taraworth. 



Sir Henry Fer-=pMargaret, dau. 



rers, Knt., of 
Hambleton. 



and coheir of 
William Heck- 
stall, Esq. of 
Heckstall and 
East Peckham. 



Walter Devereux, Vis-^Mary, dau. of Thomas 



count Hereford, K.G., 
d. 27 Sept. 1558. 



Grey, Marquess of Dor- 
set, 



Constance, dau. of Ni-=f=Sir Edward Ferrers, son 
cholas Brome, Esq. of 
Baddesley Clinton. 



and heir; of Baddesley 
Clinton, which he ac- 
quired with his wife. 



Sir Richard Devereux,=FDorothea, dau. of Geo., 
d.v.p. 1st Earl of Huntingdon. 



Catherine, dau. and co. 
heir of Sir John Hamp. 
den, Knt.^of Hampden. 



r 
a 




Ferrers, Esq. 
for Warwick, 



^armion aBDtoatD jfertet.s> (2B0q. 



PEDIGREE XC. 



a 

I 



Walter Devereux, 2d= 
Viscount Hereford, 
K.G., created Earl 
of Essex, d. 1576. 



r- 



.J 



:Lettice, dau. of Sir 
Francis KnoUes, 
K.G. 



Robert Devereux, 2d=^ 
Earl of Essex, K.G. 
the favourite of 
Queen Elizabeth. 



Dorothy, 2nd dau. of: 
Robert, Earl of Es- 
sex, and eventual 
heiress. 



Frances, dau. and 
heir of Sir Francis 
Walsingham, Secre- 
tary of State, and re- 
lict of Sir Philip Syd- 
ney. 

=Sir Robert Shirley, 
Bart, of Stanton Ha- 
rold. 



J 



Sir Robt. Shirley, Bt.=p 
succeeded his elder 
brother. 

r ^^ 

Sir Robert Shirley,=f= 
Bart, succeeded his 
elder brother, cre- 
ated Earl of Ferrers, 
1711, rf. 1717. 



^Catherine, dau. of 
Humphrey Okeover, 
Esq. of Okeover. 

^Elizabeth, dau. and 

heir of Laurence 
Washington, Esq. of 
Garsden, Wilts. 



r- 



Robert Shirley, eld- 
est son, d. in J 699. 



Elizabeth, dau. and=f= 
eventual heiress of 
her brother Robert, 
Viscount Tamworth 
and Earl Ferrers. 



=Anne, dau. of Sir 
Humphrey Ferrers, 
Knt., of Tamworth 
Castle. 

James Compton, 5th 
Earl of Northampton. 



:George, Marquess of 
Townsend, d.ii Sept. 
1807. 



LadyCharlotteComp-= 
ton, only dau. and 
heiress, succeeded 
her mother in the 
Baronies of Ferrers, 
of Chart! ey, Bour- 
chier, &c. 



George, 2d Marquess=pCharlotte, dau. of 



ofTownsend,cf, 1811. 



Eaton Mainwaring 
Ellerker, Esq. of 
Risby Park, co.York, 
and coheiress of her 
brother Roger. 



Bridget, dau. of Wil-^ 
liam, 2d Lord Wind- 



sor. 



=Edward Ferrers, Esq. 
of Baddesley Clinton, 
succeeded his grand- 
father, d. 1564. 



Jane, dau. and coheir^ 
of Henry White, Esq. 
of South Warnborn, 
Hants. 



:Hcnry Ferrers, Esq. 
of Baddesley Clinton, 
the learned Antiqua- 
rian, d. 1633. 



L 



Anne, eldest dau." of=T=Edward Ferrers, Esq 



William Peyto, Esq. 
of Chesterton. 



of Baddesley Clinton, 
d. 22 March, 1650-1. 



Bridget, dau. of Ed-^Henry Ferrers, Esq. 



ward WiUoughby, 
Esq. of Causell, co. 
Notts. 



Elizabeth, only dau. = 
of William Kempson, 
Esq. of Ardens Graf- 
ton. 



of Baddesley Clinton, 
Sheriff of Warwick 
16 Charles II. d. 
1682. 



:George Ferrers, Esq. 
of Baddesley Clinton, 
d. 1712. 



Teresa, dau. of Sir=FEdward FeiTers.Esq 



Isaac Gibson, of Wor- 
cester. 



of Baddesley Clinton, 
d. 1729. 



Margaret, dau. of=rThomas Ferrers.Esq. 



John Kempson, Esq. 
of Henley, in Arden. 



of Baddesley Clinton, 
d. 1760. 



I__ 



Hester, dau. of Chris-=^Edward Ferrers,Esq. 



topher Bird, Esq. of 
London. 



of Baddesley Clinton, 
d. 1794. 



Helena, dau. and =pEd ward Ferrers,Esq. 



heiress of George 
Alexander, Esq. of 
Stirtloe, co. Hunting- 
don. 



r~ 



of Baddesley Clinton, 
(2.25 Sept. 1795. 



Lady Harriet Anne Townsend, 2nd dau. of=pEdward Ferrers, Esq. of Baddesley 
George, 2nd Marquess of Townsend, d. 1845. Clinton, d. 1830. 

ifHarmton Otoarlr .-(ftrrfrs, Esq. now of Baddesley Clinton, CO. War- 
wick, 22nd in direct descent from Edward I. King of England. 



PEDIGREE XCI. 



3!o6n jFomgcue T5nclttiale, €sq. 



iffovU^cixt of ^pritilc^tont an^ SutfelantJ dTtllcig]^, mti Caveto, of Cartio 
Cajgtic, auK Crolucombe, hjitij tijat of 3Jo^« dTovtcsicuc JSricfetJalc. (i£iq., 
"OtictnOtti tijerffrom. 



Margaret, dau. of Philips 
III. of France. 



=}Slltoartr E. King of=F=Eleanor, dau. of Ferdinand III. 



England. 



I 

Thomas 



de =pAlice, dau. of 



Brotherton, 
Duke of Nor- 
folk, Earl 
Marshal. 



Sir Roger 
Halys. 



Lady Marga-=7=John, Lord 
ret Plantage- Segrave, 
net, Duchess 
of Norfolk, 
dau. and heir. 



Elizabeth, 
dau. and heir, 

Thomas de 
Mowbray, 
Duke of Nor- 
folk, K.G. 



=T=John, Lord 
Mowbray. 

= Lady Eliza- 
beth Fitzalan, 
sister and co- 
heir of Thos. 
Earl of Arun- 
del. 



I 

Margaret de' 

Mowbray, 
dau. and co- 
heir. 



;=FSir Robert 
Howard. 



Sir John 
Howard, 
Duke of Nor- 
folk. K.G. 
slain at Bos- 
worth. 



=FCatherinc, 
dau. of Wm. 
Lord Molines. 



Lady Marga-=T= Sir .John 



ret Howard, 
dau. of John, 
Duke of Nor. 
folk. 



Wyndham, of 
Felbrigg, in 
Norfolk. 



King of Castile. 



Lady Elizabeth Plantagenet,= 
5th dau. of Edward I. 



I 

Lady Margaret de Bohun,= 
dau. of Humphrey, Earl of 
Hereford. 



=Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of 
Hereford and Essex, Lord 
High Constable. 

:Hugh de Courtenay, Earl of 
Devon. 



Sir Edward =FEmeline, dau. Anne, dau. of^ Sir Philip 

Courtenay, of and heir of Sir Thomas Courtenay, of 

Godlington, Sir John Wake. Powderham 

3rd son of D'Auney, Castle, co. 

Hugh, Earl of Knt. Down, d. 7 

Devon. Henry IV. 



Sir Hugh ^Philippa, dau. 
Courtenay, of and coheir of 
Haccomb, Sir William 

2nd son. Arcedekne. 



Sir John = 
Courtenay, 
2d son of Sir 
Philip, of 
Powderham. 



=Joan,dau. of 
Alexander 
Champer. 
nowne, of 
Beer Ferrers. 



Joan, dau. of=T=Sir Nicholas Sir Philip =t= Elizabeth, 



Sir Hugh 
Courtenay, of 
Haccomb. 



Carew, Knt. 
Lord of 
Carew. 



Courtenay, 
Knt., heir to 
his uncle. 



dau. of Wal- 
ter, Lord 
Hunger ford. 



Sir William =F 
Carew, 5th 
son of Sir 
Nicholas, 
made Knight 
Banneret by 
Henry VII. 



Sir Philip =^A dau. of Ro- 



Courtenay, 
Knt. of Mol . 
land, High 
Sheriff of 
Devon, 10 
Edward IV. 



Sir Thomas^f^Eleanor, dau. John Carew,=f= Margaret, 



r 



bert Hinges- 
ton. 



Wyndham, of 
Felbrigg, co. 
Norfolk. 



and coheir of 
Sir Richard 
Scrope of 
Upsal. 



Esq. of Stoad- 
ley and Ca- 
merton. 



dau. of Wm. 
Kelly, Esq. 



Margaret, =pSir John 



2d dau. of 
Sir Philip 
Courtenay. 



Champer- 
nowne, of 
Modbury. 



Sir John ^Elizabeth, 



Wyndham, of 
Melton Con- 
stable, CO. 
Norfolk, d. 16 
Elizabeth. 

I 

a 



dau. and co- 
heir of John 
Sydenham, 
Esq. of 
Orchard. 



George Carew^F 
Esq. of Sload- 
ley and^ Ca- 
merton. 



Sir Philip =pKatherine, 
Champer- dau. of Sir 

nowne, Knt- Edmund 
of Modbury, Carew. 
living tern]}. 
Henry VII. 






c 



3|o!)n jFortescue T5ricfetialc, (B^q. 



PEDIGREK XCI- 



a 

I 



John \Vynd.=j= 

ham, Esq. eld. 

son and heir, 

d.v.p. 25 

Aug. 1572. 



:Florence, dau. 
of John Wad- 
ham, Esq. of 
Merrifield. 



I 



Thos. Carew, 
Esq. of Crow- 
combe, CO. So- 
merset, d. in 
1604. 



=^Elizabeth, 
dau. & colieir 
of Hugh Bic- 
combe, Esq. 



I 

Sir John = 
Wyndham, of 

Orchard 
Wyndham, d. 

in 1645. 



John Champer-: 
nownCjOi'Mod- 
bury. 



Catherine, 
dau. of Wil- 
liam, Lord 
Mountjoy. 



Joan, dan. of 

Sir Henry 

Portman. 



Sir John Ca-= 
rewv Knt. of 
Crowcombe, 
Camerton, 
and Iloadley. 



Henry Cliam-=pCalherine, 



pernowne.Esq. 
of Modbury. 



dau. of Sir 
RichardEdge- 
combe, of 
Mount Edge- 
combe. 



Margery, dau. of Sir= 
John Wyndham. 



Thomas Carew, Esq. 
of Carew Castle, and 
Crowcombe.d.in 1622. 



Thos. Carew, Esq. of Carew Castle, and Crow- 
combe. 



Mary Champernowne,: 
dau. of Henry Cham- 
pernowne, Esq. of 
Modbury. 

Honor Fortescue, dau = 
of Edmund Fortescue, 
Esq. 



=Edmund Fortescue, 
Esq. of Fallapit, co. 
Devon. 



^Humphrey Prideaux, 
Esq. of Soldon. 



Thomas Carew, Esq.= 
of Carew Castle, and 
Crowcombe. 



■Elizabeth,dau. of John 
Sanford, Esq. 



Thomasine Prideanx,=f=John Fortescue, Esq. 



dau. of Humphiey 
Prideaux, of Soldon. 



of Buckland Filleigh , 
b. 1597. 



Lucy, dau. of Thomas^Thomas Smith. Esq 
Carew, Esq. of Carew of Clifton, co. Glou- 
Castle, & Crowcombe. cester. 



r- 



William Fortescue, of=pEmelyn Trosse. 
Buckland Filleigh. | 



Elizabeth, dau. of 
Thomas Smith, Esq. 
of Clifton. 



=^Matthew Brickdale, 
Esq. of Stoodley, co. 

Devon, and W^est 
Monckton, co. Somer- 
set, M.P. for Bristol, 
a Magistrate and De- 
puty Lieut, for Cilou- 
cester, Somerset, and 
Devon, d. 1831. 



George Fortescue =pRebecca, dan. and heir 
I of Edward Fortescue, 
I Esq. of Spndleston. 

Rebecca Fortescue, =pCaleb Inglett, son of 
dau. and eventual heir. Caleb Inglett, Esq. 

RichardInglett-Fortes-^Elizabeth,dau.of Lucy 



cue, Esq., who assum- 
ed the latter surname 
on inheriting iheSprid- 
leston and Buckland 
Filleigh estatesinl777, 
d. 1700. 



Weston, Esq. of Daw- 
lish, son of Stephen, 
Bishop of Exeter, d. 
1816. 



John Brickdale, Esq.^Anne Inglett,youngest 



son and heir, a Magis- 
trate and Dep. -Lieut, 
for Somerset & Devon. 



5Jcift« jFortcsctir 
ISrirfetrale, Esq., of 
Birchamp House, 
CO. Gloucester, Bar- 
rister at law, and a 
Magistrate for the 
counties of Glouces- 
ter, Somerset, De- 
von, & Monmouth ; 
17th in direct de- 
scent from Edw. L 
King of England. 



dau. of Richard Ing- 
lett Fortescue, Esq. of 
Spridleston. 



^Catherine, dau. of 
Charles Gregorie, Esq. 
by Catherine Sophia, 
his wife, dau. and heir 
of George Macaulay, 
M.D. 



John Inglett For- 
tescue, Esq. of 
EucklandFilleigh, 
Magistrate and 
Deputy Lieut, for 
Devon, Licnt.- 
Col. North Devon 
Yeomanry Ca- 
valry, Receiver 
General for the 
county, and at one 
time M. P. for 
Callington, m. 
Anne Saunders, 
and d. 18 10. 



— I 

Margaret 
Weston, 
m. Peter 
Churchill, 
Esq. of 
Dawlisli. 



Elizabeth, m. 
John Davy 
Foulkes, Esq. 



I 



Peter Davy Foulkes, Vicar 
of Shebbear, Devon. 



John Dicker Ing- 
lett Fortescue, 
only son. 



PEDIGREE XCII. 



3[ames e^arluell ^rafjam, C^q. 



Eleanor, dau. of Ferdinand III.=^(!Ft>tl)aril H., King=FMargaref, dau. of Philip, 



King of Castile. 



of England. 



of France. 



Edward II. King=plsabella, dau. of Edmund Plantage-^Margaret, sister and heir of 



of England. 



Philip the Fair 
King of France. 



net, surnamed of 
Woodstock, Earl of 
Kent. 



Thomas, Lord Wake. 



I 



Edward III. King-pPhilippa, dau. of Edward the =f=Lady Joan Planta-^Thomas Hol- 



of England. 



William, Count of IJlack Prince, 



Ilainault. 



last husband. 



genet, dau. and heir, 
called the Fair Maid 
of Kent. 



r- 



land, Earl of 
Kent, K.G. 



John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster. 



I r 

Richard II. Thomas Holland, =f=Alice Fitz- 



King of Eng- Earl of Kent, 
land. 



alan, dau. of 
Rich., Earl of 
Arundel. 





John de Beaufort, Marquess of Dorset and=pMargaret, dau. and eventual coheir of Thos., 
Earl of Somerset, rf. 1410. 



r- 



Earl of Kent. 



Joan de Beaufort, dau. of John, Marquess of=pJAMES I. King of Scotland, slain in 1436. 
Dorset. 

r— ' 

James XL, King of Scotland, slain in 1460.=pMary, of Gueldres, dau. of the Due deGueldrcs. 

T — ' 

The Princess Mary Stuart, eldest daughter.=j=James, 2nd Lord Hamilton. 

James Hamilton, 1st Earl of Arran, d. in=^Janet, dau. of Sir David Beaton, of Crick, 



1530, 



CO. Fife. 



Lady Johanna Hamilton, dau. of the 1st Earl=pAlexander, 5th Earl of Glencairn. 
of Arran. 



J 



William, Gth Earl of Glencairn, c?. before 1581.^Janel Gordon, of Lochenvar. 

I 1 

James, 7lh Earl of Glencairn.=pMargaret Campbell, of Glenurchy. 

, ' 

Lady Mary Ciinninghame.=^John Craufurd, of Kilbirnie. 
, 1 



Anne, dau. of John Craufurd, of Kilbirnie.=i=Sir Alexander Cunninghame, of Corsehill. 

I 1 

Alexander Cunninghame, Esq. of Corsehill.=pMary, dau. of Sir Patrick Houstoun, of that 

) Ilk. 

.1 -^ 

Elizabeth Cunninghame. =pJames Dunlop, of that Ilk, living in 1667. 



:J 



Jean Dunlop, m. in lG74.=FWilliam Ralston, Esq. of Ralston. 

Gavin Ralston, of Ralston.^Jean, sister of Sir William Mure, ofRowallan. 

I 1 



Gavin Ralston, of Ralston .=f=Anna, dau. of Porlerfield, of that Ilk. 



Annabella Ralston.=y:James Maxwell, of Williamwood. 

I ' 

Anne Maxwell.— Charles Maxwell, of Marksworth. 

r ' 

Janet Maxwell. =pJames Graham, Esq. 

«. r 1 

^anm jlHaxtocII (ffi;vnf)am, Esq. of Williamwood, 
22nd in direct descent from Edward I. 



Uobtn CottJnlep IPar&cr, (^B.sq. 



I'liDIGREE XCIII. 



Eilluavtl E. King of England, d. 7=rEleanor, dau. of Ferdinand III. 
July, 1307. King of Castile. 



I 

The Princess Elizabeth, dau. of Edwaud I.,==Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford and 
and widow of John, Earl of Holland. I Essex, slain al Boroughbridge, 1321. 

I ■ 

William de Bohun, Earl of Northampton,=pElizabeth, dau. of Bartholomew de Badles- 

K.G., d. 1360. I mere, and widow of Edmund Mortimer. 

Lady Elizabeth, dau. of William de Bohun,=pRichard Fitzalan, Earl of Arundel, beheaded 
Earl of Northampton, K.G. 21 Richard II. 

I 

Thomas, Lord lMowbray,=f=Lady Elizabeth Fitzalan, dau. and=pSir Robert Goushill, Knt. of 
Earl Marshal. ^ coheir. I Heveringham. 

Joan, dau. and coheir of Sir Robert Goushill ,=T=Thomas Lord Stanley, K.G., d. 1458-9. 
of Heveringham. | 

I 1 

Elizabeth, youngest dau. of Thomas, Lord=^Sir Richard Molyneux, Knt. of Sephton. 
Stanley, K.G. | 

1 -^ 

Sir Thomas Molyneux, of Sephton, Knight=pAnne, dau. and coheir of Sir Thomas Button, 
Banneret. | of Button, co. Chester. 

I ' 

Sir William Molyneux, of Sephton, d. in=FJane, dau. and heir of Sir Richard Rugge, 
1548. I Knt. of Rugge, CO. Salop. 

Sir Richard Molyneux, of Sephton, High She-=f=Eleanor, youngest dau. of Sir Alexander Rat- 
rifif of Lancashire, 1556. cliffe, of Ordsall. 



I 

William Molyneux, Esq., d.v.p.=^Bvidget, dau. of John Carryl, Esq. of Wam- 

I ham. 



i 

John Molyneux, 2nd son of William, eldest=T=Borothy, dau. and coheir of John Booth, Esq. 
son of Sir William Jlolyneux, of Sefton. | of Barton. 

Bridget, dau. and heir of John Molyneux,=f:Thonias Charnock, Esq. of Charnock, co. 
Esq. I Lancaster, aged 26, A.D. 1613. (See Burke's 

I Landed Gentry.) 

1 ^ -• 

Robert Charnock, Esq. of Charnock, m. in=pAlice, dau. of William Ffarington, Esq. of 
1649. I Worden, co. Lancaster. 

r ^ 

Margaret Charnock, only dau. and heir.^Richard Brooke, Esq. second son of Sir Peter 

I Brooke, Knt. of Mere, Clieshire. 

, J 

Thomas Brooke, Esq. of Astley, m. in 1716.=pMargaret, dau. of Thomas Wliarton, of Lon- 

I don. 
I I 

Peter Brooke, Esq, of Astley and Charnock,=pSusanna, dau. of James Crookhall. 
living 1749. j 

1 

Susanna, only dau. and eventually=pTliomas Townley Parker, Esq.=rSir Henry Philip Ilogh- 



sole heir of Peter Brooke, Esq. of 
Astley and Charnock, 



of Cuerden. co. Lancaster. 
1st husband, d. 1794. 



ton, Bart. 2nd husband, 
d. in 1835. 



L 



t-iotcrt CohJIllfli yar==f=llarriett, youngest 1. Susan, >n. to Fran- Sir Henry Bold 



Scr, Esq. of Cuerden 
Hall, CO. Lancaster, 
High Sheriff in 1817; 
18th in direct descent 
from EuvvARD I. King 
of England. ^ 



dau. of Thos. Brooke, cis Richard Price, Hoghlon, Bart. 
Esq. of Church .Min- Esq. of Bryn-y-pys. of Hoghton, co. 
shall, 2nd son of Sir 2. .Vnne, m. to" John Lancaster. 
Richard Brooke, Bt. Baskervillc Glegg, 
Esq. of Withington. 



PEDIGREE XCIV, 



2Dtoen ^atiie;^, (2B$q, 



litltDartr l$t. King of^Philippa, dau. of William 
England, d. 1377. of Hainault. 



1 

Edward, 

Prince of 

Wales, 

commonly 

called the 

Black 

Prince, 

father of 

Rich. II. 



1 

Lionel, of= 

Antwerp, 

Duke of 

Clarence, 

Earl of 

Ulster, m. 

1st, in 

1352. 



:Lady Eli- 
zabeth de 
Burgh, 
ddu. and 
heiress of 
William, 
Earl of 
Ulster, 
1st wife. 



John of 
Gaunt, 
Duke of 
Lancas- 
ter, Earl 
of Rich- 
mond, 
father of 
Hen. IV. 



Isabel, = 
youngest 
dau. and 
coheir of 
Peter, 
King of 
Castile 
and Leon. 
1st wife. 



Philippa Plan-= 
tagenet, only 
child and heir- 
ess. 



^Edmund Mortimer, 3rd Earl of March, 
lineally derived from the marriage of 
Ralph, Lord Mortimer, of Wigraore, 
with the Princess Gwyladys, dau. of 
Llewelyn ap lorwerth, Prince of North 
Wales. 



Roger Mortimer, 4th= 
Earl of March, eldest 
son, d. 1.398. 



^Eleonora, dau. of 
Thomas, Earl of 
Kent. 



Edmund, .5th Earl of 
March, rf.s.p. 1424. 



— I 

Anne 
only 
heir. 



■Edmund 
cf Langley, 
Duke of 
York and 
Earl of 
Cam- 
bridge. 



1 

Thomas 

ofWood- 

stock . 



Mortimer,=pRichard Plantagenet, Earl of 



dau. and 



Cambridge, 
son. 



only surviving 



Richard Plantagenet, Duke of York, Protector=pCecily, dau. of Ralph Neville, 



of England, only 
Wakefield, 1460. 



son, fell at the battle of 



Earl of Westmoreland. 



Edward 
IV. King 
of Eng- 
land, d. 
9 April, 
1483. 



Edmond, George,= 
Earl of Duke of 



X. 



Rutland, 
slain at 
Wake- 
field, 
aged 12. 



Cla- 
rence, 
put to 
death, 

1477. 



^Isabel, 
dau. & 
heir of 
Rich. 
Neville, 
Earl of 
^Warwick 



Richard 
III. King 
of Eng- 
land. 



Anne Plan-^pSir 
tagenet, ni 
1st, Henry 
Holland, 
Duke of 
Exeter. 



— I , 

Margaret Eliza- 
Thos. m. Chas. beth, »». 
St. Le- the Bold, John de 



ger, 
Kut. 



Duke of la Pole, 
Bur- Duke of 
gundy. Sussex. 



1 



The Princess Elizabeth, 
m. King Henry VII. ; a 
quihus her present Majesty, 
Queen Victoria. 



Sir George Manners, Lord Ros,: 
to which barony he succeeded 
on the death of his mother, in 
1487, d. 1513. 



^Anne St. Leger, 
only dau. and 
heir. 



Thomas Manners, 13th Lord Ros, K.G., ^Eleanor, dau. of Sir William Paston. 
eldest son, created Earl of Rutland, 18 2nd wife. * 

I 



June, 1528, d. 1543. 



Lady Elizabeth Manners.=pSir John Savage, Knt. son of Sir John 

I Savage, Knt. and Elizabeth, dau. of 
Charles Somerset, 1st Earl of Worcester. 



Thomas Savage, created Grace Savage.=pSir Richard Wilbraham, of Woodhey, 
Viscount Savage. I created a Bart, in 1621, d. 1643. 

I 1 

Sir Thomas Wilbraham, 2nd Baronet.=pElizabeth, dau. and coheir of Sir Roger 

Wilbraham, Knt., one of the Masters of 
Requests to James I. 



a 



©toen Oaviies, ^sq. 



PEDIGREEX CIV. 



a 



Elizabeth Wilbraliam, only daughter.=T=Multon Davies, Esq. of Gwysaney and 

1 Llannerch, b. 19 Feb. 1634. 



r" 



Robert Davies, Esq. of Gwysaney and Lla- 
nerch Park, ancestor of Philip Davies 
Cooke, Esq. of Gwysaney and Owston, to 
whose Royal Descent (Pedigree ix.) refer. 



Thomas Davies, Esq.=f=Margaret, dau. of 



h. in 1660, rf. 1697. 



Owen Madoc. 



The RcT. Owen Davies, eldest 
1766. 



son, 



rf.=^Jane, dau. of William Lloyd, Esq. 



Owen Davies, Esq. only son, h. 1715, f/.=T=Sarah, dau. of James Stockell, of West- 
1805. bury, co. Salop. 



r 



Thomas Davies, Esq. eldest son, seated= 
at Trefynant, co. Denbigh, b. 8 Nov. 
1757, d. 24 Jan. 1840. 



Thomas, eldest 
son, Lieut. En- 
gineer,E.l.C.S. 
killed in India, 
18 May, 1818, 
tinm. 



~r 



^Margaret, dau. 
Salop. 



of John Peploe, Esq. of 



©tDfll ?3abtCS, Esq. some-=pFredericaWilhelmina,dau 



time seated at Chihvell 
Hall, Notts, and subse. 
quently at Eton House, 
Kent, 17th in direct des- 
cent from Edward III. 
King of England. 



of Samuel Cutler Hooley, 
Esq. only son of James 
Hooley, Esq. of Wood- 
thorpe, Notts. 



Elizabeth, m. 
William Hughes, 
Esq. of Pen-y- 
Clawdd, CO. Den- 
bigh. (SeeHughes 
Royal Pedigree.) 



Owen, b. 1831. Thomas, 6. 1833. 



Margaret. 



~l 



Mary Hooley. Prederica. 



PEDIGREE XCV. 



anna jF. malto, toife of m. (Blmhmu ^B^- 



JUSailliam l^e (Honperor, King of=T=Maud, dau. of Baldwin V. Count of 
England. Flanders. 



England, rf. 1135. 



colm Canmore, King 
of Scotland, by Mar- 
garet, his Queen, sis- 
ter of EdgarAtheling, 
heir to the Saxon 
Kings of England. 



Earl of Warren. 



Henry I. King of=pMaud, dau. of Mai- Willliam de "Warren, =j:Gundred, dau. of 

William the Con- 
queror. 

~l 



Elizabeth, dau. of=pWilliam de Warren, 



Hugh, the Great 
Earl of Vermandois. 



Earl of Warren and 
Surrey. 



The Empress Maud,=pGeofFrey, Earl of An- 
m. 2 April, 1127. jou. 



Ala, dau. of WillianiT^Williani de Warren, 



son of Robert, Earl 
of Belesme. 



Earl of Warren and 
Surrey, d. 1147. 



Henry II. King of^Eleanor, eldest dau. 
England, d. 1189. and heir of William, 
I Duke of Aquitaine. 



Hameline Plantage-=f Isabella, only child. 
net, Earl of Warren 
and Surrey. 



John, King of Eng-=Flsabel, dau. of Aymer Maud,dau,ofWilliam=FWilliamWarren,Earl 



land, d. 1216. 



Earl of Angoulesme. 



Marshall, Earl of 
Pembroke. 



L- 



of Warren and Sur- 
rey. 



Henry III. King of=pEleanor, dau. and co- Alice, dau. of Hugh^John Warren, Earl 

England. - . - _ - ^ , ^ „ , , 



J 



Edmund Plantage- = 
net, Earl of Lancas- 
ter. 2nd son. 



heir of Raymond Be 
renger, Count of Pro- 
vence- 

:Blanche,QueenDow- 
ager of Navarre, dau. 
of Robert, Count of 
Artois. 



le Brun, Earl of 
March. 



of Warren and Sur- 
rey. 



Joan, dau. of Robert^=Wiliiam Warren, 



de Vere, Earl of Ox- 
ford. 



d.v.p. 



Earl of Lancaster. 



Earl of Arundel. 



Henry Plantagenet,=pMaud, dau. and heir Edmund Fitzalan, ^Lady Alice, sister & 

last Earl of Warren 
and Surrey. 



of Sir Patrick Cha 
worth 



Lady Eleanor Plantagenet,dau.of Henry ,=i=Richard Filzalan, Earl of Arundel. 
Earl of Lancaster. 



J 



Lady Mary Fitzalan, youngest dau.-pJohn, Lord Strange, of Blackmere. 
Ankaret Le Strange, dau. and eventual=FSir Richard Talbot, Lord Talbot, sum 



lieir. 



moned to Parliament, a.d- 1387. 



Mary Talbot, sister of the Great Earl of=pSir Thomas Greene, Knt. of Greene's 
Shrewsbury. 1 Norton, co. Northampton. 



Sir Thomas Greene, Knt. of Greene's=y=Philippa, dau. of Robert, Lord Ferrers of 
Norton, co. Northampton. 



B-r-X 

I Chartley. 



Sir Thomas Greene, Knt. of Greene's^Matilda, dau. of John Throckmorton, 
Norton. Esq. 

Sir Thomas Greene, Kut. of Greene's=j=Joanna, dau. of Sir John Fogg, Knt 
Norton. 



T 



Anne Greene, dau. and coheir.=pSir Nicholas Vaux, Knt. created in 1523, 

Baron Vaux, of Harrowden. 



Thomas, 2nd Lord Vaux, of lIarrowden,=^Elizabeth, dau. and heir of Sir Thomas 



rl. in 15G2. 



Cheney, Knt. of Irblinghaugh, co. North- 
ampton. 



r" 



anna JF, 2Ualkcr, tuifc of m. (ZBlmJ)irst, esq« 



PEDIGREE XCV. 



a 



The Hon. Anne Vaux.=FReginald Bray, of Steyne, youngest son 

of Reginald Bray, Esq. of Barrington. 



Temperance Bray, 4th dau. and coheir.=i=Sir Thomas Crewe, of Steyne, iMreuxom. 

John, Lord Crewe, of Steyne, so created=p Jemima, dau. and coheir of Edward Wal- 
20 April, 16G1. | grave, Esq. of Lawford, in Essex. 

I ( 

The Hon. Anne Crewe, youngest dau. of^^Edmund Pye, M.D. of Farringdon, Berk- 



Lord Crew, and widow of Sir Henry 
Wright, Bart, of Dageuham. 



shiie. 2nd husband. 



Henry Pye, Esq. of Farringdon, d. in=y=Anne, only dau. of Sir Benjamin Bath- 



1748-9. 



urst. 



William Pye, Esq. 7th son, an Officer in=pMary, 2nd dau. of Thomas Saunders of 
the Military Service of the Hon. East Haddenham, Esq. co. Buckingham, and 
India Company, killed at the storming sister to Thomas Saunders, Esq. some 
of the Nabob's Camp, before Calcutta, time Governor of Fort St. George, Ma- 
1757. dras, m. 1747. 



William Walker, of Hailybury, in the= 
parish of Amwell Magna, in the county 
of Hertford, Esq., late Surgeon to the 
Factory of Patna, in the East Indies, h. 
at Wetherby, in the county of York, 7th 
Aug. 1738. 



^Elizabeth, only surviving dau. and at 
length heir of William Pye, Esq., h. 16 
March, 1752. 



r 1 I I 1 

^tina =r William Elizabeih- 



I 1 1 1 

William Charles Wm. EdwardThomas, 

Bensley Augustus Henry, b. at Redborne, 
Walker, a General a priest, in the county of 
a Gen. Officer in ' Hertford, 24 

Officer the East Dec. 1787, a 

in the Indies. scholar at the 

East College of St. 

Indies. Mary, at Win- 

chester, in 1801, 
entered theArmy 
in 1806, d. 11 
Feb.1820, at the 
Cape of Good 
Hope. 



— I I I 
Robert. 

William 

William 

Geor: 



am.r ^ 

ge. 31 



jfranrcs 
SiSaalfecr, 
2nd dau. 
of Wil- 
liamWal- 
ker, m. 9 
March, 
1825. 



Elm- Martha, 
hirst, MaryAnn. 
Esq. late Sarah. 
ofBarns- 
ley, now 
ofRound 
Green, in 
the CO. of 
York. 



William,^, at Anna Fran- Leonard, 6. James, b. at 

Barnsley, 1 ces, b. at at Barnsley, Ackworth 

Jan. 1827- Barnsley, 10 3 Aug. 1829. Moor Top, 

April, 1828. 5 Sept. 1830. 



Elizabeth- 
Martha, b. at 
Ackworth 
Moor Top,28 
June, 1832. 



at 



Robert, b. 
Ackworth 
Moor Top, 26 
Oct. 1835. 



PEDIGREE XCVI. 



James ^almonn, Csq* 

©Irioartl 155- King of England, d. in 1377.^Plulippa, dau. of William, Earl of Hainault. 



Lionel, of Antwerp, Duke of Clarence, Earl= 
of Ulster. 



=Lady Elizabeth de Burgli,dau. and heiress of 
William, Earl of Ulster. 1st wife, m. in 1352. 



Philippa Plantagenet,^Edmund Mortimer, 3d Earl of March, lineally derived from the mar- 



only child and heiress. 



riage of Ralph, Lord Mortimer of Wigmore, with the Princess Gwy- 
ladys, dau. of Llewelyn ap lorwerth. Prince of North Wales. 



Philippa, dau. of Edmund^ Earl of March.=f=Sir Henry Percy, the renowned Hotspur. 



Henry Percy, 2d Earl=f:Eleanor Neville, dau. 
" " ■ of Ralph, 1st Earl of 
Westmoreland. 



of Northumberland, 
d. 1455. 



Elizabeth.=f=John, Lord Clifford. 



Henry Percy, 3d Earl=^Eleanor, dau. and heir Thos., Lord Cliflord.=pJoan Dacre, dau. of 



of Northumberland, 
d. 1461, 



of Richard Poynings, 
son of Lord Poynings 



Lord Dacre of Gilles- 
land. 



Henry Percy, 4th Earl=pMaud Herbert, dau. John, Lord Clifford. =pMargaret, dau. and 



of Northumberland, 
K.G., d. 1489. 



of the Earl of Pem 
broke. 



heir of Henry, Lord 
Bromflete. 



Henry Algernon, 5th=T=Catherine, dau. and Henry,Lord Clifford.=f:Anne St. John 



Earl of Northumber- 
land, 



coheir of Sir Robert 
Spencer. 



1 



Lady Margaret Percy, elder daughter.-j-Henry Clifford, Earl of Cumberland. 

1. Eleanor, dau. and coheir of=FHenry, 2nd Earl of Cumber-=p2. Anne, dau. of William, 
Charles Brandon, Duke ofSuf- | land, d. 8 Jan. 1569. Lord Dacre, of Gillesland. 

folk, and niece of Hen.Vlll. ^K ' 

I 

Lady Frances Clifford, dau. of Henry, 2nd=pPhilip, Lord Wharton, d. in 1625. 

Earl of Cumberland. | 
i 

Hon. Frances Wharton, youngest dau. of=pSir Richard Musgrave, Bart, of Eden Hall, 
Philip, Lord Wharton. | d. in 1615. 

Sir Philip Musgrave, Bart., M.P. for West-=FJulian, youngest dau. of Sir Richard Hilton, 
moreland, d. in 1677-8. j Knt. of Goldsborough. 



Sir Christopher Musgrave, Bart, of Edenhall,=^Mary, dau. and coheir of Sir Andrew Cogan. 
d. in 1704. | 

, -< 

Philip Musgrave, Esq. eldest son and heir ap-=pMary, eldest dau. of George, Lord Dart- 
parent, d.v.p. 1689. I mouth. 

I ■ ' 

Sir Christopher Musgrave, Bart., M.P. for=r=Julia, dau. of Sir John Chardin, Bart. 
Cumberland, d. 1735. 1 

Julia, second dau. of Sir Christopher Mus-=^Edward Hasell, Esq. of Dalemain, co. Cum- 
grave, Bart. \ berland. 

I ^ 

Jane, eld. dau. of Edw. Hasell, Esq.of Dalemain.=f=William Salmond, Esq. of Seaforth, Antigua. 

I ' 

1. Louisa, dau. of David Scott,=f: James Salmond, Esq. of — 2. Marianne Rachel, dau. of 



Esq. of Dunninald, and sister 
of Sir David Scott, Bart, of 
Silwood. 



Waterfoot, co. Cumberland, Rev. — Constable, of Wassand, 
General in the Army. in Holderness, by whom had 

issue, a son, who d. young. 



JfanifS SalmontI, Esq., now of Waterfoot,^Emma-lsabella, dau. of D'Ewes Coke,* Esq. 



J9th in direct descent from Edward III. 
King of England, 6. 15 June, 1805. 



of Brookhill Hall, co. Derby. 



I I r 

Charles-James, Marianne- Francis, b. 

b. 1833. Emma, ft. 1837, d. 

1835. young. 



Henry, William, Julia, David, George, 
6.1838. ft 1810. ft. 1842. 6.1843.6.1815. 



* This is also a very old family, of which Lord Leicester is a branch. 



anftonp (2Bttncfe> (^^q. 



rEDIGKF.E XCVII. 



lEiltoarll JUS. King of England, d. 1377.=f Philippa, dau. of William of Hainault 



J 



Lionel, of Antwerp, Duke of Clarence, K.G.=pElizabeth, dau. and coheir of William, Earl 



d. 1368. 



of Ulster. 



Philippa, only dau. and heir, b. 16 Aug. 13.55.=T=Edmund Mortimer, Earl of March, d. 1382 



J^ 



Elizabeth, dau. of Edmund, Earl of March.=pHenry Percy, the renowned Hotspur. 

I 

Elizabeth, dau. of Henry Percy, (Hotspur. )=T=John, Lord Clifford. 

I 

Thomas, Lord Clifford. =pJoan, dau. of Lord Dacre of Gillesland. 

John, Lord Clifford.=FMargaret, dau. and heir of Henry, Lord 
1 Bromflete. 

I ' 

Henry, Lord Clifford.=j=Anne, only dau. of Sir John St. John, Knt. 

'Bletso. 



.-piiiiue, oi 
ofBletsc 



Joan, dau. of Henry, Lord Clifford.=T=Sir Ralph Bowes, Knt., d. in 1516. 



Margery, dau. of Sir Ralph Bowes, Knt. of= 
Streatlane. 



:Sir Ralph de Eure, son and heir of William, 
Lord Eure. 



Frances, eldest dau. of Sir Ralph Eure, and^Robert Lambton, Esq. of Lambton, co. Dur- 
sister of William, 2nd Lord Eure. j ham, d. 1583. 

Ralph Lambton, Esq. of Lambton, d. 1593.=pEleanor, dau. of Thomas Tempest, Esq. 

r -" 

Sir William Lambton, Knt. of Lambton,=pCatherine, dau. of Sir Henry Widdrington, 



slain at Marston Moor. 



r 



J^ 



Knt. d. 1668. 



Jane, dau. of Sir William Lambton, of Lamb- 
ton. 



^Nicholas Conycrs, Esq of Bowlby and,' Eas- 



inffton. 



Catherine, only dau. and heir of Nicholas^p^Richard Myddleton, Esq. of Offerton, co 
Conyers, Esq. 



Durham. 



Mary, dau. of Richard Myddleton, Esq. of=pRobert Wharton, Esq. of Old Park, co. Dur 



Offerton. 



r 



ham. 



Catherine, elder dau. of Robert Wharton,=pWilliam Ettrick, Esq. of High Barnes, co. 



Esq. 



Durham, d. 22 Feb. 1808, representative of an 
ancient Dorsetshire family. 



The Rev. William Ettrick, of High Barnes,=pE!izabeth, dau. of William Bishop, Esq. of 
M A., d. Jan. 18, 1817. j Briant's Piddle. 



William, aiitfjonpiSttrirft, 

6. 3 July, Esq. of High 
ISOl, d. Barnes, b. 15 
Jan. Sept. 1810, a ma- 
1838. gistrate for the co. 
of Durham, 18th 
in direct descent 
from Edward 
III. 



Walter, b. 
24 Feb. 
1812, m. 
Sophia 
Cumber- 
land dau. 
of Capt. 
Edward 
Burt, R.N. 
of the city 
of Bath, 
and has 
issue. 



John,/;. 18 
April 1814, 
m. Sophia, 
dau. of the 
Rev. Jjhn 
(ieorsco 
Maildison, 
AM., 15 
June 1847, 
of the city 
of Bath. 



— 1 1 

Elizabeth, tn. 
to Lieut. No- 
vosielski,R.N. 
of the city of 
Bath. 



— I 1 

Anne, b. 22 
Julv. 1804, d. 
20 May, 1813. 



Catherine, m. 
to Robt.Shank 
Atcheson,Esq. 
of DukeSti'eet 
Westminster, 
and has issue. 



Isabella, m. in 
1825, to Robt. 
Horn, Esq. of 
Hunters Hall, 
Bishopwcar- 
moulli, in the 
county of Dur- 
ham, ana has 
issue. 



Hellen, m. 14 
Aug. 1837. to 
Edward Webb, 
Esq. of the oily 
of Bath, and has 
issue. 



Mary, d. tmm. 1 
Aug. 1836, at 
High Barnes. 

Elizabeth, wife 
of the Hf'V.Wm. 
Ettrick, d. at 
Bath, in 1837. 



PEDIGREE XCVIII 



CTlbartr i. King of England.==Eleanor, dau. of Ferdinand King of Castile. 



r 
The Princess Elizabeth Planlagenet, dau. of -j-Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford and 
Edward I. Essex. 



Ji 



Lady Eleanor de Bohun, 2nd dau. of Hum—pJames, Earl of Ormonde, d. 6 Jan. 1337-8. 
phrey, Earl of Hereford. 



James, 3rd Earl of Ormonde, d. in 1405.^Anne, dau. of John, Lord Welles 



James, 2nd Earl of Ormonde, d. in 1382.=F=Elizabeth, dau. of Sir John Darcy. 

, J-^ 

James, 4lh Earl of Ormonde, d. in 1 452.=,= Joan, dau. of Gerald, 5th Earl of Kildare. 

I ■ 

Lady Elizabeth Butler, dau. of James, Earl-pJohn Talbot, 2nd Earl of Shrewsbury, 
of Ormonde. | 



Sir Gilbert Talbot, of Grafton, co. Worcester,- 
Knisht Banneret, 3rd son of John, 2nd Earl 
of Shrewsbury. 



^Audrey, dau. of Sir John Cotton, Knt. and 
relict of Sir Richard Gardiner. 



Sir John Talbot, Knt. of AIbrighton,co. Salop,=pMargaret, dau. and heir of Adam Troutbeck, 

only son. Esq. 

I ' 

Sir John Talbot, Knt. of Grafton, d. in June,=f:F ranees, dau. of Sir John Giffard, Knt. of 

1555. Chillington. 

I ' 

Sir John Talbot, Knt. of Grafton. =T=Catherine, dau. of Sir William Petre. 

1 — - — ^ 1 

Anne, dau. of Sir John Talbot, of Grafion.=r=Thomas Needham, Esq. of Shavington. 

Anne, dau. of Thomas Needham, Esq. of=T=Sir Richard Bulkeley. of Beaumaris and 
Shavington. Cheadle, M.P. for Anglesey in 1576. 

Tristram Bulkeley .=^ Anne, dau. of Jeukyn ap GrifBth ap Llewel}'n. 



William Bulkeley, only surviving son.=f Anne, dau. and heir of Owen Griffith of Dre- 

van. 



I 

The Rev. Richard Bulkeley, of Glanygorse, in=r=Elizabeth, dau. of — Wynne, of Clegyrog. 



i jic iio. ivii^utiiu AJUia.cicj, ui \jriaii^ guise, iii-i— i 

Anglesey. 

r ' 



Robert Bulkeley, Esq. of Coedana, in A ngle-=f Frances, dau. of \\'m. Cutler, Esq. of the 
sey, and St. Dunslan's, London. I Middle Temple, Barrister-at-law. 

I -. 1 , 

Samuel Bulkeley. Esq. of Coedana, and Lin- Elizabeth=f Edward Hatchett, Esq. of Lee, 



coin's Inn, London. Bulkelej'. 

r 



CO. Salop. 



Bichard Bulkeley Hatchett, Esq. only son, c?.=pMartha, dan. of Thomas Owen, Esq. of 
^ "" " Llunllo, derived from Edwin ap Grono, Prince 

of Englefield. 



15 Dec. 18U0 



Bulkeley Hatchett, Esq. of Ellesmere and^^Mar}', only dau. and heir of Thomas Main- 
Tedsmore, d. 23 Aug. 1830. 1 waring, second son of James Mainwaring, of 

I Bromborough, co. Chester. 

P . . 1 

CflOtnas ISuIferlri.) ©torn, Esq. of Tedsmore^Marianne, dau. of the Rev. Edward Thelwall, 



Hall, CO. Salop, b. 16 July. 1790, 20th in 
direct descent from Edward I. King of 
England. 



T" 



of Llanbedr Hall, co. Denbigh. 



Bulkeley Hatchett Owen, 6. Thomas Mainwaring Bulke- Marianne Eliza Frances 

3 Oct. lf.^5. ley Owen, 5. 15 NoV 1826. Owen, b. 15 Nov. 1826. 



l^ugo Cfiarlcs a^e^ncll^Jngram, <B^q. 



PEDIGREE XCIX. 



©Jltoartr Um. King of England, d. 1377.=j=l'liilippa, dau.of Wimam,Count of Hainault. 

, 1 

Lionel Plantagenet, Duke of Clarence.=p Lady Elizabeth de Burgli, dau. and heir of 

I William, Earl of Ulster. 

I ' 

The Lady Philippa Plantagenet, only child. =pEdmund Mortimer, Earl of March. 

The Lady Elizabeth Mortimer.=pIIenry Percy, the renowned Hotspur, d. in 

I 1403. 

I -> 

Henry Percy, 2nd Earl of Northumberland, =f=Lady Eleanor Ncvil, dau. of Ralph, 1st Earl 



fell at St. Albans, 1455. 



of Westmoreland, and Joan de Beaufort, his 
wife, dau. of John of Gaunt. 



Henry Percy, 3rd Earl of Northuniberland,=j=Eleanor, dau. and heir of Richard Poynings. 
slain at Towton, 1461. 



Henry Percy, 4th Earl of Northumberland.=T=Maud, dau. of Herbert, 1st Earl of Pem- 
broke. 

Henry Percy, 5th Earl of Northumberland. =pCatherine, dau. and coheir of Sir Robert 

I Spencer. 

Sir Thomas Percy, Knt., 2nd son, executed in=pEleanor, dau. of Guiscard Harbottle, Esq. of 
1537. Beamish, co. Durham. 

Thomas Percy, Henry Percy, Mary Percy, dau.=fiSir Francis Guiscard, «f. an 



7th Earl of Nor- 8th Earl. of Sir Thomas 

thumberland. Percy, Knt. 



Slingsby, Knt. infant, 
of Scriven, 



Sir Henry Slingsby, of Scriven, Bart. d. 1634.=pFrances, dau. and heir of William Vavasour, 

I of Weston, co. York. 



Eleanor, dau. of Sir Henry Slingsby, Bart.=pSir Arthur Ingram, of Temple Newsom, co. 

York, d. 4 July, 1G55. 

I ' 

Henry, 1st Viscount Irvine, so created 28 May=j=Lady Essex Montagu, dau. of Edward, Earl 
1661. of Manchester. 

I ' 

Arthur, Viscount Irvine, M.P. for Yorkshire,^Isabel, dau. of John Machel, Esq. M.P. 
d. in 1702. 

I ' 

The Hon. Charles Ingram, M.P. Adjutant General of the Forces, son of Arthur, Viscount 
Irvine, d. '28th Nov. 1748. =i= 

Charles Ingram, 9th Viscount Irvine, d. 27=f=Miss Shepherd, a great heiress. 
June, 1778. I 



The Hon. Elizabeth Ingram-Shepherd, 3rd=pHugo Meynell, Esq. of Huar Cross, co. Staf- 
dau. and coheir of Charles, 9tlx Viscount 
Irvine. 



ford, son of Hugo Meynell, Esq. of Bradley, 
M.P. for Lichticld and the descendant of the 
famous Hugo de Grante Mesnil, of the time 
of the Conquest. (See BvR«.E'sLandcdGentry.) 



J^tigo (iil^arlfS j'flri)ncIl==pGeorgi- Henry, Edward Elizabeth, Isabella Frances 

ana, dau. Capt. Francis. *)i. S.Wey. Anna.d. Adeline, 

of Frede- R.N., mouth, urim. m. Wm. 

rick M.P. Esq. Beckett, 

Pigou, Esq. 

Esq. M.P. for 



Jngram, Esq. of Temple 

Newsom, co. York, and 
Hoar Cross, co. Stafford, 
17lh in direct descent 
from Edward III. King 
of England. 



Leed 



s. 



1 1 

Hugo Francis, son and heir. Louisa Elizabeth Georgiana. 



PEDIGREE C. 



Ect)* maimm !J)ilD2att). 



Jljrnrs Hh King of England.=T=Eleanor, dau. and coheir of Raymond 

Berenger, Count of Provence. 



Edward I. King of^Margaret, dau. of 



England. 



Blanche.Queen Dow =^Edmund, Earl of 



PhUip III. King of 
France. 



ager of Navarre. 



Lancaster. 



caster. 



Edmund Plantagenet^^Margaret, sisterand Maud, dau. and heir=^Henry, Earl of Lan- 
surnanced " of 
Woodstock/'Earlof 
Kent, 2nd son. 



heir of Thomas, Lord 
Wake. 



of Sir Patrick Cha- 
■worth. 



1— 



Edward =pJoan Plantagenet,-pSir Thos 



THE 

Black 
Prince, 

3rd 
husband. 



the Fair Maid of 
K ent, m. Isl William 
Montacute, Earl of 
Salisbury. 



H 

Richard IL King of 
England. 



de Hol- 
land, K.G. 
Lord Hoi- 
land, 2nd 
husband. 



Richard Fitzalan,Earl=T=Lady Eleanor Plan- 
of Arundel. tagenet, widow of 

John, Lord Beau- 
1 mont. 



I 



Thomas de Holland, 2nd=FLady Alice Fitz Alan. 
Earl of Kent. 



John Beaufort, Marquess of=f=Lady Margaret Holland, 2nd=^Thomas Plantagenet, Duke 



Dorset, son of John of 
Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, 
by Katherine Swynford, 1st 
husband. 



dau. and eventual coheir of of Clarence, son of Henry IV. 
Thomas, 2nd Earl of Kent. 



Edmund Beaufort, Marquess of Dorset, K.G.-i- Allan ore, dau. and coheir of Richard Beau- 



created Duke of Somerset, 1448. 



T.rt.iiaiior 
champ. 



Earl of Warwick. 



Alianore Beaufort, eldest dau. and coheir of=^Six Robert Spencer, Knt. 2nd husband, 
her brother Henry, 2nd Duke of Somerset. I 



Margaret, 2nd dau. and coheir of Sir Robert =pThom as Gary, Esq. son of Sir William Gary, 

Knt. of Cockington, by Alice, his 2nd wife, 
dau. of Sir Baldwin Fulford, Knt. of Fulford. 



Spencer, Knt. 



I dj 



Sir John Gary, Knt. son and heir.=T=Joice, sister of Sir Anthony Denny, Knt. 



:j 



Sir Edward Gary, Knt. of Berkhampstead,=pCatherine, dau. of Sir Henry Knevett, Knt. 



Master of the Jewel Office to Elizabeth, and 
James I. 



and widow of Henry, Lord Paget. 



Francis Leke, Lord D'Eyn-=^Anne Gary, dau. of Sir Ed- 



court, of Sutton, and Earl 
of Scarsdale. 



ward Gary, Knt. 



Henry Gary, created Vis- 
count Falkland. 



Lady Anne Leke, eldest dau. and coheir of=T=Henry Hildyard, Esq. of Winestead, co.York, 
Frances, Earl of Scarsdale. and East Horsley, co. Surrey, chief of the 

I family of the name, d. 1674. 

1 ' 

Phihp Hildyard, Esq. of East Horsley, 4th=,=Elizabeth. dau. of Sir Francis Vincent, Bart, 
son, d. 1692. of Stoke Dabernon. 

I 1 

Henry HUdyard, Esq. of Goxhill, co Lincoln,=pFrances, 2nd dau. and coheir of William 
eldest son and heir, d. 1722. Long, Esq. of Barton upon Humber. 

I . 1 

Wdham Hildyard, Esq. of Great Grimsby, rf.=pFrances, only dau. of the Rev. John Which- 
i'Sl- cot, Rector of Scotton, and Scoller, co. Lin- 

coln. 



a 



met), maiiam It)iitjparti. 



PEDIGREE C. 



I 
The Rev. William Hildyard, Rector of 
stead, w. 12 Dec. 1793, d. 1842. 



VVine-=T=Catherine, 
1 Ruckland, 



3rd dau. of Isle Grant, Esq. of 
CO. Lincoln. 



The lSfb.= 

Rector of 
Market 
Deeping, 
CO. Lin- 
coln, eld. 
son, 16lh 
in direct 
descent 
from Ed- 
ward I. 
King of 
England. 



Sophia, JohnHild-=^Jane, 
4th dau. yard, Esq. 2nd 
of the Barrister- dau. of 
Rev. at-Law, Lord 

John Recorder John 
Hild- of Stam- Towns- 
yard, ford,Gran- hand. 
Vicar of tham and 
Bonby, Leicester, 
CO. Lin- Judge of 
coin. the Leices- 
ter County 
Court. 



Robert 
Charles 
Hildyard, 
Esq., Bar- 
rister-at- 
law, Q.C. 



Henry 
Hildyard, 
Esq. a 
Merchant 
at Rio de 
Janeiro. 



The: 
Rev. 

Frede- 
rick 
Hild- 
yard, 

Rector 
of 

Swan- 
ning- 

ton, CO. 
Nor- 
folk. 



^Laetitia, 
only 
dau. of 
John 
Shore, 
Esq. of 
Guild- 
ford, 
Surrey. 



r-ri 

The Rev. Ho- 
ratio Samuel 
Hildyard, 
Rector of Lof- 
tus, CO. York. 

Francis Hild- 
yard, Esq.Bar- 
rister-at-Law, 
d. 1846. 



The Rev. Jas. 
Hildyard,Fel- 
low of Christ's 
College, Cam- 
bridge, & Rec- 
tor of Ingolds- 
by, CO. Lin- 
coin. 



1111 
The Rev.Rd. 
Hildyard, 
Rector of 
Winestead. 

TheRev.Alex. 

Grant Hild- 
yard, Curate of 
King's Clifle. 

Catherine- 
Frances. 



Charlotte. 



Jessie Ellen, 
6. 1842. 



William, b. 
1844. 



Kate, h. 1845. 



PEDIGREE CI. 



Cf)oma0 mtlo T5lunnell, dB^q, 



Margaret, dau. of Philip III.=T=i5tltoarlJ 2. King of=T=Eleanor, dau. of Ferdinand, King of 



King of France. 



England. 



Thomas de= 
Brolher- 
ton, Earl 
of Norfolk, 
and Mar- 
shal of 
England, 
d. 1338. 



I " 

Margaret, ■ 
dau. and 
eventual 
sole heir, 
created 
Duchess 
of Norfolk 
in 139G. 



=Alice,dau. 
of Sir Ro- 
ger Hayes, 
Knt. of 
Harwich. 



Margaret, • 
sister and 
heir of 
Thomas, 
Lord 
Wake. 



^Edmund 
of Wood- 
stock, 
Earl of 
Kent. 



r 



Castile, d. 1290. 



The Prin-=r=Humph- Isabel, dau.=f=EDWARDlI. 



cess Eliza- 
beth, dau. 
of Edw. I. 



rey de 
Bohun, 
Earl of 
Here- 
Ibrd. 



of Philip 
IV. King of 
France, d. 
1357. 



King of 
England. 



= John, Lord 
Segrave, 
d. 27 Ed- 
ward 111. 
1353. 



Sir Thos. =pJoanPlan- 
Holland, 
K.G.,Lord 
Holland. 



Elizabeth, = 
dau. and 
heir of 
John, Lord 
Segrave. 



=John,Lord 
Mowbray, 
of Ax- 
holme, d. 
1360. 



LadyAlice- 
Filzalan, 
dau. of 
Richard, 
Earl of 
Arundel. 

Thomas = 
Montacute 
Earl of 
Salisbury. 



tagenet, 

the Fair 

Maid of 

Kent, dau. 

and heir. 

1 

-Thomas, 

Lord Hol- 
land, and 
Earl of 
Kent. 

1 

:Lady Ele- 
anor Hol- 
land, dau. 
and co- 
heir. 



William =F 
de Bohun. 



Edward 111. King of En- 
gland, founder of the Most 
Noble Order of the Gar- 
ter, d. 1377. 



I 



Elizabeth - 
de Bohun, 
dau. of 
William, 
Earl of 
North- 
ampton. 



'Richard 
Fitzalan, 
Earl of 
Arundel, 
K.G. 



Katherine=FJohn of 



Swynford, 
dau. and 
coheir of 
Sir Payne 
Roet. 



Gaunt, 
Duke of 
Lancaster, 
d. 1399. 



Ralph Ne-=y=Joan, dau 



vill, Earl 
of West- 
moreland. 



1 



of John of 
Gaunt. 



Thomas 
Mowbray, 
Earl of 
Notting- 
ham, Duke 
ofNorfolk, 
and Earl 
Marshal of 
England, 
K.G-., d. 
1400. 



=pLady Eli- 
zabeth 
Fitzalan, 
dau. and 
coheir of 
Richard, 
Earl of 
Arundel, 
K.G. 



:Sir Robt. 

Gousell, 

Knt. 

Joan, dau. =pThomas, 



and heir of 
Sir Robt. 
Gousell, 
Knt. 



Lord Stan- 
ley, K.G., 
d. 1458-9. 



Lady Alice : 
Montacute, 
dau. & heir 
of Thomas, 
Earl of 
Salisbury. 



1 

-Richard 
Nevill, Earl 
of Salis- 
bury, eldest 
son of 
Ralph, Earl 
of West- 
moreland. 



Margaret, dau.-pSir Robt. How- Thomas Stan- =i=Lady Eleanor Lady Alice Ne-=pHenry 



of Thomas, and 
cousin of John, 
Duke of Nor- 
folk. 



ard, Knt., eld- 
est son of Sir 
John Howard, 
Knt., by Alice, 
his wife, dau. 
and heir of Sir 
William Tard- 
ing, of Tarding, 
CO. Norfolk. 



ley, 1st Earl of 
Derby. 



Nevill, 4th dau. 
of Richard, 
Earl of Salis- 
bury. 



ville, 3rd dau. 
of Richard, 
Earl of Salis- 
bury. 



Lord Fitz- 
hugh. 



Sir John How— pKatherine, dau. George, Lord =pJoau, dau. and Hon. Elizabeth=^Sir William 



ard, K.G., cre- 
ated Duke of 
Norfolk, 1483, 
and slain at 
Bosworth. 

r 
a 



of William, 
Lord Molines, 
d. 1452. 



Strange, K.G., 
d.v.p. 1497. 



.-1 



heir of John, 
Lord Strange, 
of Knockyn. 



Filzhugh, 2nd 
dau. and even- 
tual coheir. 



Parr, Knt., 
K.G. 



li 



Cbomas mclo I51untiell, €sq. 



PEDIGREE CI. 



a 



Thomas How— p Agnes, sis- Thomas, =T=Ann, dau. 



ard, Earl of 
Surrey, created 
Duke of Nor- 
folk and Earl 
Marshal, 1 Feb. 
1514, K.G., ci. 
21 May, 1521. 



ter and heir 
of Sir Philip 
Tilney,Knt. 
of Boston, 
2nd wife. 



2nd Earl 
of Derby, 
d. 1522. 



Lady Dorothy How-=f=Edward, 3rd Earl of 



ard, dau. of Thomas, 
Duke of Norfolk. 



Derby, K.G.,d. 1572. 



Lady Anne Stanley,=j=Charle3, 7th Lord 
dau. of Edward, 3rd 
Earl of Derby. 



Stourton. 



c 

I 
Anne, elder = 
of Edward dau. of Sir 
Lord Hast- William 
ings. Parr, K.G., 

and sister 
ofWilliam, 
Marquess of 
Northamp- 
ton. 

I 

Sir Edward Herbert,^ 
Knt. of Powis Castle, 
second son. 

I 

Anne, dau. of Sir Ed-- 
ward Herbert.of Powis 

Castle. 



TheHon.MaryStour-=pSir John Weld, Knt 



ton, dau. of Charles, 
7th Lord Stourton,»j. 
in 1648. 



Banneret, of Comp- 
ton Basset,Wilts, son 
of Sir John Weld, of 
Arnolds, and second 
brother of H. Weld, 
Esq. of Lulworth 
Castle. 



William Weld, Esq.^Elizabeth, dau. of Sir 



of Lulworth Castle, 
CO. Dorset, ei. 1698. 



Humphrey Weld, 
Esq. of Lulworth 
Castle, m. in 1701, 
d. in 1722 



Edward Weld, Esq.: 
of Lulworth Castle, 
6. in 1705, d. 8 Dec. 
1761. 



Richard Shereburn, 
Esq. of Stonyhurst 
Lane. 

^Margaret, only dau. 
of Sir Jas. Simeon, 
Bart, of Chilworth. 



:Mary Theresa, dau. 
of John Vaughaii, 
Esq. of Courtfield. 



William 
Herbert, 
Earl of 
Pem- 
broke. 



I 
Katherine 

Parr, 
Queen of 
Hen.VlII. 



William Stanley, Esq.= 
of Hooton, son and 
heir. 

Sir William Stanley,: 
of Hooton, created a 
Baronet, 1662, 



Sir Rowland Stanley,: 
Bart, of Hooton, d. in 
1737. 



:Mary, only dau. and 
heir of Thomas Stan- 
ley, Esq. 

:William Stanley, Esq. 
of Hooton, CO. Ches- 
ter. 

:Mary Draycott, of 
Painsley, co. Stafford- 



^Charlotte, dau. of Sir 
Richard Molyneux, 
Bart, of Sefton, Vis- 
count Molyneux. 

:Anne, dau. of Cle- 
ment Paston^ Esq. of 
Berningham, co. Nor- 
folk. 



Sir William=FCatherine, Catherine:x^Robert 



Stanley, Bt. 
of Wooton, 
d. July 1740. 

r- 



dau. of 
Rowland 
Eyre, Esq. 



Stanley. 



SirJohnSian-:j=Mary,dau 



ley Massey 
Stanley, Bt. 
of Hooton, 
d. in 1794. 



of Thomas Henry 
Clifton, Blundell, 
Esq. of Esq. of 
Lytham. Ince. 



Thomas Weld, Esq. of Lul-=^Mary, eldest dau- of Sir John 



r 



Blun- 
dell, 
Esq. of 
Ince. 

:Eliza 
beth, 
dau. of 
Sir Geo. 
Mostyn. 



■worth Castle, b. 
in 1814. 



in 1750, d. 



S. Massey Stanley, Bart. 



Charles Robt. Blundell, Esq. 
of Ince Blundell, d. unm. 29 
Oct. 1837. having derisedhis 
estates to his kinsman, Thos. 
Weld, Esq. 



Joseph Weld, Esq. of Lulworth Castle, 6. 
Jan. 1777, m.in J802. 



7:j:Hon. Elizabeth Charlotte Stourton, dau. 
Charles Philip, 16th Lord Stourton. 



of 



CfiomaS ffJ^rllr Ulunticll, Esq. of Ince Blun-=pTheresa Mary-Elconora, dau. of William 
dell, CO. Lancaster, 2Md .son of Joseph Weld, I Michael Thomas John Vaughan, Esq. of 
Esq. of Lulworth Castle. 4^ Courtfield, co. Monmouth. 



PEDIGREE CII. 



3lo[)n gorfee> €0q. 



©TltDartJ 555- King of England.=j=Philippa dau. of William, Count of Hainault. 
Johnof Gaunt, Duke^^Catherine, dau. of Eleanor, eldest dau.=^Thomas of Wood 



of Lancaster, 
13 99. 



Sir Payn Roet, Knt., 
Guye King of Arms, 
widow of Sir Otho 
Swinford, Knt., 3rd 
wife. 
Joan de Beauforth,=7=Ralph Neville, Earl 

dau. of John of 

Gaunt, d. 19 Henry 

VI. 



and coheir of Humph- 
rey Bohun, Earl of 
Hereford. 



stock, Duke of Glou- 
cester, and constable 
of England. 



of Westmoreland, 
Marshal of England, 
K.G. &c., d. 21 Oct. 
4 Henry VI 



William Bourchier,=pLady Anne Planta- 
Earl of Ewe in Nor- I genet, sister and sole 
mandy, so created 7 J heir of Humphrey, 
Henry V. | Earl of Bucks. 

L_ 



n 



George Neville, Lord=pElizabeth, 3rd dau. Margery, dau. and=j=Sir John Bourchier, 



Latimer, younger 
son, summoned to 
parliament by writ, 
10 Henry VI., d. 
9 Edward IV. 



r 



and coheir of Richard 
Beauchamp, Earl of 
Warwick. 



sole heir of Sir Rich- 
ard Berners, Km., 
commonly called 
Lord Berners. 



K. G., and 
Berners. 



Baron 



Sir Henry Neville, son and heir, d.vp. 
Edward IV. 



8-rJane, dau. of John Bourchier, Lord Eemers. 



I — 



of 



Richard Neville, Lord Latimer, d. 21 Henry-rAnne, dau. of Sir Humphrey Stafford 
VII. Grafton. 

Susan Neville, dau. of Richard, Lord Lati-=T=Richard Norton, alias Conyers of Norton Con- 



mer, named in the will of her brother John, 
Lord Latimer, 1st wife. 



yers, Esq. son of John Norton of Norton Con- 
yers, Esq. by Anne, his wife, only dau. and 
heir of William Radclyffe, Esq. of Rilston in 
Craven, co. York, and Joan, his wife, dau. of 
Sir John Tempest, Knt. of Bracewell. 



Edmund Norton, Esq., of Clowbeck, CO. York,=FCecilia, dau. of Mathew Boynton, Esq. of 
3rd son, d. about 1610. Barraston in Holderness, Maid of Honour to 

I 1 Queen Elizabeth. 

Rob. Norton.Esq.of Swinton,co.York,2nd son.=T=Catherine,dau. and heir of John Staveley, Esq. 

I 

Maulger Norton, Esq. of St. Nicholas, Rich-=pAnne, dau. of Sir George Wandesford, Knt. 



mond, CO. York. 



J 



of Kirklin^ton. 



Mary Norton, dau. of Maulger Norton, Esq.^y^Sir John Yorke, Knt. of Gowthwaite, d. 3 
of St. Nicholas, in Richmond, co. York. 



Jo II U I 
April, 



1663. 



Thomas Yorke, Esq. of Gowthwaite and^Catherine. only dau. and heir of Tho. Lister, 
Richmond, M.P.,rf. in 1716. Esq. of Arnold's Biggin, she d. 24 Apr. 1731. 



Thomas Yorke, Esq. of Halton-place, co.= 
York, and of Gowthwaite, M.P., 2nd son, 
s. his elder brother who d.s.p. 1757 ; d. 20 
March, 1768. 



-.\bigail, dau. and coheir of William Andrewes, 
Esq. of Barnes Hall, co. Worcester. 



Thomas Yorke, Esq. of Halton-place, Bar-=pJane, dau. of Joseph Reay, Esq. of New- 



rister-at-law of the Middle Temple, 2nd son, 
d. 3 July, 1811 



castle-on-Tyne. 



I 

Joj^li l^orfec, Esq. of Halton-place, and of=f=Mary, eldest dau. of Ichabod Wright, Esq. 
Bewerly Hall, both in co. York, a magis- of Mapperley, Notts. 
trate and Deputy - Lieutenant and High 
Sheriff in 1818, s. his uncle in 181.3, 14th in 
direct descent from Edward III. King of 
England. 



John, elder son and heir. 



Thomas Edward. 



Frances Mary. 



1 

Caroline. 



Cf)avle0 OBtJtDacn roanforD, (B^q. 



PBDIGRBC CIII. 



<!?lJtonrll I., King of England. ^Eleanor, dau. of Ferdinand III., King of 

J Castile. 



Joan of Acre, dau. of Edward I., King of^Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Gloucester. 
England. 

Lady Elizabeth de Clare, dau. and coheir ol'=pTlieobald, Lord Vernon, d. in 1316. 
Gilbert, Earl of Gloucester, and widow of I 
John de Burgh. ( 

1 ' 

Isabel, only dau. of Theobald, Lord Vernon,=r^Henry Ferrers, Lord Ferrers of Groby. 
by his wife, Lady Elizabeth de Clare. 1 



William, 3rd Lord Ferrers of Groby, d. in=pMargaret, dau. and coheir of Robert de Uf- 
137L I ford, Earl of Suffolk. 

I ' 

Henry, 4th Lord Ferrers of Groby, rf. in 1387.yJoane, dau. of Thomas, Lord Poyninga. 

William, 5th Lord Ferrers of Groby, d- in 1444. 

, J 

Sir Thomas de Ferrers, Lord of Tamworth=T=Elizabeth, eldest sister and coheir of Sir 
Castle, CO. Stafford, Jure uxoris. Baldwin Frevile, Knt. of Tamworth. 

I —— 1 

Sir Thomas de Ferrers, Lord of Tamworth=pAnne, sister Sir Henry Ferrers, Knt., of 
Castle, created a Knight of the Bath, 14 of William, Hambleton, ancestor of the 
Edward IV. j Lord Has- present male heir of the 

tings, K.G. House of Ferrers, Marmion 

1 Edward Ferrers, Esq. of 

1 ' ' Baddesley Clinton. 

John Ferrers, son and heir apparent, c?.t).i).=pMaud, dau. and coheir of Sir Johu'Stanley, 

, 1 of Elford. 

Sir John Ferrers, Knt., Lord of Tdmwortli=j=Dorothy, dau. of William Harper, Esq. of 
■" ■' ■ ^ ■' -.TTTr Rushall. 



>u juiiu xeiieis, ivai., uuru <Ji. idUiwuiLii-pi 
Castle, d. 1 Henry VIII. 

I : ~ :^ — . 



Sir Humphrey Ferrers, Knt., Lord of Tam-=T=Margaret, dau. of Thomas Pigot, Esq. 



worth Castle, d. in 1554 



I 



Sir John Ferrers, Knt., Lord of Tamworth,=pBarbara, dau. of Sir Francis Cockaine. 
d. in 157G. 



Dorothy, dau, of Sir John Ferrers, Knt.=T=Edward Holte, Esq. of Aston, Sheriff of 

I ' Warwickshire, 25 Elizabeth. 

Sir Thomas Holte, Bart, of Aston, d. in 1654.y:Grace, dau. and coheir of William Bradburne, 

I — — ' Esq. of Hough. 

Anne, dau. of Sir Thomas Holte, Bart. of=pWaltcr Gitfard, Esq. of Chillington, h. in 
Aston. I IGll, £/. 1688. 

, J 

Elizabeth, dau. of Walter Gifi'ard, Esq ofT=Francis Hanford, Esq. of Wooller's Hill, co. 
Chillington. I Worcester, descended from Sir John Hanford 

I ' of Cheshire, Knt. 

Walter Hanford, Esq. of Wooller's Hill.=j=F ranees, dau. of Sir Henry Compton, Knt. of 

Hartpury Court, co. Gloucester. 

I 1 

Edward Hanford, Esq. of Redmarley, 2nd=pFrance9, dau. of John Hornyold, Esq. of 
son. I Bldckmore I'ark, co, Worcester. 

r ' 

Charles Hanford, Esq. of Redmarley D'Abitut.^Esthcr, dau, of John Lockley, Esq. of Derby- 

1 1 shire. 

CftarlfS dPfitoaril P?anforll, Esq. of Wool-^f^Elizabelh, 2nd dau. of the laic James Mor- 



ton, Jtlsq. of Ovcrbury, by Penelope his wife, 
only dau. of John Skipp, Esq. »«. in 1809. 



ler's Uill, s. his cousin Charles Hanford, in 
1816; 2()lh in direct descent from Edward I. 
King of ICngland, 

Charles Edward James. Compton John. Eleanor. Elizabeth. Henrietta. Frances. 



PEDIGREE CIV. 



muUam ^atoker lt)elpar, esq* 



J^enrg IlIJ. King of England.=^Eleanor, dau. and coheir of Raymond Beren- 

I ger, Count of Provence. 



Margaret, dau.=^EDWARD I.,^Eleanor,dau. of Ferdinandlll. Blanche, -T-Edmund, 



King of Castile. 



Queen Dow- 
ager of Navarre. 



of Philip III. King of 
of France. England. 

I ' ' 1 ' 1 

Thomas de T=Alice, dau. The Princess=rHumphrey de Maud, dau. &=pHenry, Earl of 



Earl of Lan- 
caster. 



Brotherton, 
Earl of Nor- 
folk, Earl 
Marshal. 



of Sir Roger Elizabeth, 
Halys. widow of 

John, Earl of 
Holland. 



Bohun, Earl 
of Hereford 
and Essex. 



heir of Sir 
Patrick Cha- 
worth. 



Lancaster. 



-| 



Lady Marga.=f^John, Lord William de =^Elizabeth, Richard Fitz=^Lady Eleanor 



ret Plantage- 
net, Duchess 
of Norfolk. 



Segrave. 



Bohun, Earl 
ofNorthamp- 
ton. 



dau. of Bar- 
tholomew de 
Badlesmere. 



Alan, Earl of 

Arundel, 

K.G. 



Plantagenet, 
widow of 
John, Lord 
Beaumont, 



Elizabeth,dau.=pJohn, Lord 



and heir of 
John, Lord 
Segrave. 



Mowbray. 



Lady Elizabeth de Bohun,~Richard Fitzalan, 
dau. of William, Earl of ~ 
Northampton. 



Earl of Arundel. 



J 



Thomas de Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk,=f=Lady Elizabeth Fitzalan, sister and coheir of 
K.G. I Thomas, Earl of Arundel. 

1 

Margaret de Mowbray, dau. and coheir oP=i=Sir Robert Howard. 
Thomas, Duke of Norfolk. 



J 



Sir John Howard, Duke of Norfolk, K.G. ,=y=Catherine, dau. of William, Lord Molines. 
slain at Bo.sworth. 



r 



J 

r 



Lady Margaret Howard, dau. of John, Duke^Sir John Wyndham, of Felbrigg, in Norfolk. 
of Norfolk. 

Sir Thomas Wyndham, of Felbrigg ^pEleanor, dau and coheir of Sir Richard 

I Scrope, of Upsal, co. York. 

I ' 

Sir John Wyndham, of Melton Constable, co.=f=Elizabeth, dau. and coheir of John Syden- 

Norfolk, d. 16 Queen Elizabeth. ham, Esq. of Orchard, co. Somerset. 

\ Edmond Wyndham, Esq. of Kentsford, co.=^Mary, dau. and coheir of Richard Chamber- 
Somerset. 2nd son. lain, tlsq. of London. 

I 

Sir Hugh Wyndham, of Pilsden Court, Bart.=f:Mary, dau. of Christopher Alanson, Esq. of 
so created in 1641. 4th son. London. 



Rachel Wyndham, dau. and coheir of Sir=pWilliam Helyar, Esq. of East Coker, High 
Hugh Wyndham, Bart. Sherilf of Somersetshire, in 1661. 

I 

William Helyar, Esq. of East Cokcr, and of=pJohan, dau. and coheiress of — Hole, Esq. of 
Canonteign, co. Devon. High Sheritl'of So- South Tawton, co. Devon, 
mersetshire, 1701, and M.P. in 1714 

I 
William Helyar, Esq. of East Coker .=pMary, dau. and heiress of John Goddard, 

Esq. of Gillingham, co. Dorset. 

I ' 

William Helyar, Esq. of East Coker, co. So-=pBetty, dau. and coheir of William Weston, 
merset, and iBlack Hall, co. Devon, d. 1784. Esq. of Weston. 

I ' 

a 



Cfi3illiam ^atoker ©elpar, €0q. 



PKDIGREB CIV. 



a 

I 



William Helyar, Esq. of Coker Court, co. So- 
merset, and Sedge Hill,co. Wilts, J.P. d, 30 
Aug. 1820. 



-Elizabeth, 2nd dau. and coheir of William 
Hawker, Esq. of Luppit, co. Devon, by Eli- 
zabeth, his wife, dau. and heiress of Thomas 
Welman, Esq. of Poundisford Lodge, co. 
Somerset. 



r- 



— r 1 1 1 n~i 

2. Henry, 3. George, 4. Hugh, 5. Charles Three 
Rector of Barrister Rector of John, of daus. 
Harding- at Law. Sutton & Poundis- 
tou. Bingham, foid Lodge. 



1. William Helyar, Esq.^f^Harriet, dau. 



of Coker Court, and 
Sedge Hill, co. Wilts, 
High Sheriff of Somer- 
set, 1829, d. 10 Dec. 
1841. 



of Thomas 
Grove, Esq. 
of Fern 
House, CO. 

Wilis. 



1. JBSailltam J^atofecr |^cl8ar,=Theodora Ade- 
Esq. of Coker Court, co. So- laide, dau. of 
merset, and of Sedge Hill Col. Theodore 
House, CO. Wilts, 19th in di- do Risnel. 
rect de.'cent from Edward I. 
Kmg of England. 



I I I — 
Albert. 



3. Charles. 



4. 



Edwin- 
Grove. 



1. Agnes- 
Grove, m. 
18 July, 
1844, to 
William- 
Charles 
Lambert, 
Esq. of 
Knowle 
House, 
CO. Dorset. 



2. Ellen- 
Harriet, 
m. to 
William 
Phelips, 
Esq. of 
Montacute 
House, CO. 
Somerset. 



3. Lucy- 
Eliza- 
beth, d. 
in 1836. 

4. A.nne. 



PEDIGREE CV. 



Ut J^on. Lorn a^eftuen. 



©DtoarU I., King of England.=j=Margaret, dau. of Philip III, of France. 



Edwakd II., King of=pIsabella of France. 
England, 



.1 



1 

Edmund of Wood-= 

stock, Earl of Kent. 



=Margaret, sister and 
heir of Thomas, Lord 
Wake. 



Edward III., 
of England, 



King=p Philippa, 
William, 
Hainault. 



dau. 
Count 



of 
of 



Edward the: 

Black 

Prince, 3rd 

husband. 



=Joan Planta-=FSir Thomas 



genet, the 
Fair Maid of 
Kent, m. 1st 
William Mon- 
tacute, Earl 
of Salisbury. 



de Holland, 

K.G., Lord 

Holland, 

2nd husb 



John of Gaunt, Duke-r-Cathcrine, dau. of 



of Lancaster, King 
of Castile and Leon, 
d. 1399, 



Sir Payn Roet, and 
relict of Sir Otho de 
Swinford. 



King Rich- 
ard II. 



Lady Alice=pThomas de 



Fitzalan, dau. 
of the Earl of 
Arundel. 



Holland, 

Earl of 

Kent. 



Joan, dau.-pRalph Neville, 



of John of 
Gaunt. 



Earl of West- 
moreland, 
K.G. d. 1426. 



1 r 

John de Beau-=pLady Marga- 



fort. Marquess 
of Dorset, 



ret de Hol- 
land, 2nd dau. 
and coheir. 



Lady Eleanor^np Thomas 



de Holland, 
dau. and coh. 



Montacute, 

Earl of 
Salisbury. 



Richard Neville, Earl=FAlice, dau. and heir Edmund de Beaufort=T=Alianore, dau. and 



of Salisbury 



of Tlios. Montacute, 
Earl of Salisbury 



John Neville, Mar-=^Isabel, dau. and heir 



quess of Montacute, 
K.G., slain at the 
battle of Barnet, 11 
Edward IV,, I47I. 



of Sir Edmund In- 
goldsthorp, Knt, of 
Burrough Green, co. 
Cambridge. 



Duke of Somerset, 
fell at St. Albans in 
1445. 

Lady Alianoro de= 
Beaufort, widow of 
James Eoteler, Earl 
of Wiltshire. 



coheir of Richard 
Beauchamp, Earl of 
Warwick. 

^Sir Robert Spencer, 
Knt. 



Lucy, dau. and co-=j=Sir Anthony Browne, Margaret, 2nd dau.=rThomas Gary, Esq., 



heir of John Ne- 
ville, Marquess of 
Montacute. 



Standard 
England, 
d. 1506. 



Bearer of 
1485, 



an. 



and coheir of Sir 
Robert Spencer. 



son of Sir William 
Gary, of CockingLon. 



Elizabeth, dau. of Sir=pHenry Somerset, Earl Sir John Gary, Knt.=pJoyce, sister of Sir 



Anthony 
Knt. 



Browne, 



Lucy, dau. of Henry,: 
Earl of Worcester. 



of Worcester, fi. 1549, 
bur. at Chepstow, 



=John Neville, Lord 
Latimer, d. 1577. 



son and heir. 



Anthony Denny. 



Sir Edward Cary,=pCatherine, dau. of 



Knt. of Berkhamp- 
stead, Master of the 
Jewel Office. 



Sir Henry Knollys, 
and widow of Henry, 
Lord Paget. 



Dorothy Neville, dau.=pThomas Cecil, Earl 
of John, Lord Lati- I of Exeter. 



L 



mer. 



:\ 



Frances Leke, Lord=f:Anne, dau. of Sir 



Lady Frances CeciU^Nicholas, Earl of 



D'Eyncourt of Sut- 
ton, and Earl of 
Scarsdale. 



dau. of Thomas 
Earl of Exeter. 



Thanet. 



II 



Edward Cary, Knt. 
of Berkhampstead, 
Herts. 



b 



Et iJ)on. Horn a^ctfiuen. 



PEDIGREE CV. 



Laay Mary Tufton,=pSir Edward Biss- Charles, Lord Lucas,=T:Lady Penelope Leke, 



youngest dau. of 
Nicholas, Earl of 
Thanet. 



hopp, Bart, of Par- 
ham. 



of Shenfield, d. in 
1688. 



dau. and coheir of 
Francis, Earl of 
Scarsdale. 



Christian, dau. of=FSir Thomas Cobb, Isaac Selfe, Esq. of=pPenelope, dau. and 



Sir Edward Biss- 
hopp, Bart, of Far- 
ham. 



Bart, of Adderburv, 
CO. Oxford, d. W99. 



Benacre. 



coheir of Charles, 
Lord Lucas of Shen- 
field. 



Sir George Cobb,=pAnne, dau. and co- Thomas Methuen,: 



'"1 



Bart, of Addesbury, 
d. 29 March, 1762. 



heir of Joseph Lang- 
ton, Esq. of Newton 
Park, CO. Somerset. 



Esq. of Corsham, 
Wilts. 



-Anne, dau. of Isaac 
Selfe, Esq. of Ben- 
acre. 



Christian Cobb, dau. and heir of Sir George=pPaul Methuen, Esq. of Corsham, Wilts, M.P. 
Cobb, Bart. d. 1779. I d. 1795. 

1 ' 

Paul Cobb Methuen, Esq. of Corsham, M.P.,=T=Matilda, dau. of Sir Thomas Gooch, Bart, of 
eldest son and heir, rf. 1816. Benacre. 

^aul fHrtJ^UCn, created Baron Methuen,=|=Jane Dorothea, eld. dau. of Sir Henry Fau- 
1838 ; 16th in direct descent from Edward let St. John Mildmay, Bart, of Dogmersfield 

I Park, Hants. 
I . , 



I. King of England. 



Frederick Henry Paul, son and heir. 



Other issue. 



PEDIGREE CVl. 



Cl)arlc0 ^omerDillc 8@acalester, OB^q. 



Eleanor, dau. of Ferdinand,=pi;t(tDarlt I., King of England.^ 
King of Castile. 
1st wife. 



-Margaret, dau. of Philip III. 

King of France. 

2nd wife. 



Edwaru II., King of=T=Isabella, dau. of Plii- Margaret, sister and-pEdmund Plantage 



England. 



lip the Fair, King of 
France. 



heir of Thomas, Lord 
Wake. 



net, suriiamed of 
Wood'stock, Earl of 
Kent. 



Edward III., King=^Philippa, dau. of Sir Thomas Holland,-pJoan, the Fair Maid 



of England, 6?. 1377. 



William III., Earl of 
Hainault, by Joan, 
sister of Philip V. 
King of France, d. 
1369. 



K.G,, 2nd husband. 



of Kent, only dau. 
and heir. 



John of Gaunt, Duke=^Catharine, dau. of Lady Alice Fitzalan,=pThoma3 Holland, 



of Lancaster. 



Sir Payne Roet, and 
relict of Sir Otho de 
Swinford, d. 1403. 



dau. of Richard, Earl 
of Arundel. 



Earl of Kent, Lord 
Wake of Lyddle, 
Marshal of England, 
&c. 



John de Beaufort, ]\Iarquess of Dorset, Earl-pMargaret, dau. of Thomas Holland, and 
of Somerset, &c. d. 1410. sister and coheir of Edmund, Earl of Kent. 

James I., King of Scotland, slain 1436.=T=Joan de Beaufort, dau. of John, Marquess of 

I Dorset. 



James II., George Gordon, 2nd Earl-pJane Stuart, dau. of James I., King of Scot- 



King of Scot- 
laud, slain 
I46U. 



of Huntley, Lord Chancel- 
lor of Scotland, d. 1507. 



r 



land. 



Alexander Gordon, 3rd Earl of Huntley, d.-pJanet Stewart, dau. of John, Earl of Athol, 



1523. 



son of James Stewart, the Black Knight of 
Lorn, by Joan de Beaufort, Queen Dowager 
of James I. of Scotland. 



Lady Jane Gordon, dau. of Alexander, 3rd-pColin, 3rd Earl of Argyll, d. in 1533. 
Earl of Huntley. 



Archibald Campbell, 4th Earl of Argyll, rf.^j^Margaret, dau. of William Grieme, Earl of 



1558. 



Menteith, 2nd wife. 



Sir Colin Campbell, 6th Earl of Argyll, s. his^Agnes, dau. of William Keith, Earl Maris- 
half-brother, d. 1584. chal, and widow of James, Earl of Moray, 

1 the Regent. 

r ' 

Archibald Campbell, 7th Earl of Argyll.=j=Lady Anne Douglas, dau. of William, Earl 

of Morton. 
I 1 

Robert Montgomery, Esq. jun., of Skelmarlie,^Lady Mary Campbell, 4th dau. of Archibald. 
d.v.p. 7th Earl of Argyll. 



Sir Robert Montgomery, Bart, of Skelmorlie,=T=Antonia, dau. and coheir of Sir James Scott, 

of Rossie. 



A dau. of Sir Robert Montgomery, Bart. ot^Godfrey Macalester, of Loup. 
Skelmorlie. | 

I ' 

a 



€f)arle0 ^omccDiUe a^acalcstcr, (B^q. 



PEDIGREE CVl. 



a 



Alexander Macalester, of l3onp.=^Grace, dau. of Sir James Campbell, of Arch- 

inbrech. 



y 



Charles Macalester, of Loup, s. his eldcr^Chrislina, dau. of Lamont, of Lamont, co. 
brother Hector. I Argyll. 



Angus Macalester, of Loup, elder son and^Jane, dau. of John Mc Donald, of Ardnac- 



heir, d. 1796. 



r'jish, by Grace his wife, dau. of Godfrey 
Macalester, of Loup, she was relict of John 
Dun. 



Charles Sonierville Macalester, Esq. of Loup^^Janet, dau. and heiress of William Somer- 



and Kennox, chief of the clan Alester in 
Kintyre, &c., Lieut. -Colonel Com. 1st Regt. 
Ayrshire Militia, &c , and D.L., d. in 1847. 



ville, Ksq. of Kennox, by Lilias, his wife, 
dau. and coheir of Gabriel Porterfield, Esq. 
of Hapland. 



<!irf)arIrS50niribinr fHnralcstrr, of^Mary Adeline Brabazon, James. 



i — I 

Williamina. 



Loup and Kennox, Chief of the clan 
Alester, in Kintyre, 19th in direct 
descent from Edward 1. King of 
England. 



only child of the late Ed- 
ward Lyon, Esq. of Dub- 
lin. 



Jane. 



Charles. Edward. Anna Catharine. Jessy. Mary. 



PEDIGREE CVII. 



SDatJiti Q^aitlantJ ^afegiU Cricl)ton> €m. 



JSjcnrs Mi. King of England.T=Eleanor, dau. and coheir of Raymond Beren- 

ger, Count of Provence. 



Edward I. ^Margaret, dau. Blanche, -pEdmund, Earl 



King of Eng- 
land. 



of Philip III. 
King of France. 



Queen Dow- 
ager of 
Navarre. 



of Lancaster. 



Robert = 
Bruce, 

King of 
Scotland. 



Edmund Plan-=T=Margaret, sis- Maud, dau. =i=Henry, Earl 



tagenet, sur- 
nanied " of 
Woodstock," 
Earl of Kent, 
2nd son. 



ter and heir of 
Thomas, Lord 
Wake. 



and heir of 
Sir Patrick 
Cha worth. 



of Lancaster. 



Edward^ 

THE 

Black 
Prince, 
3rd hus 
band. 



Joan = 
Plantage- 
net, the 
Fair Maid 
of Kent, 
ni. 1st. 
William 
Montacute 
Earl of 
Salisbury. 



■Sir Thos. 
de Hoi- 
land, 
K.G. 
Lord Hol- 
land, ■2ad 
husband. 



Richard Fitz-=pLady Eleanor 



Margery, = 
dau. of 
King Ro- 
bert Bruce. 



alan, Earl 
Arundel. 



of 



Plantagenet, 
widow of 
John, Lord 
Beaumont. 



^Isabel, dau. 

of Donald, 
Earl of 
Marr. 



^Walter, 3rd 
Lord High 
S teward of 
Scotland. 



Robert =p Elizabeth, 



Stuart IL, 
King of 
Scotland, 
d. in 1390. 



I I 1 

King Richakd K. Thomas de Holland,=y:Lady Alice Fitzalan, 



2nd Earl of Kent 



r- 



dau. of Richard, Earl 
of Arundel. 



dau. of Sir 
Adam Mure 
of RowaU 
Ian, CO. Ayr. 



John Beaufort, -i-Lady Margaret Hol-=-Thomas Plantagenet, 



Robert =pAnnabelIa, 



Marquess of Dor- 
set, son of John of 
Gaunt, Duke of 
Lancaster, by Ka- 
tharine Swynford, 
1st husband. 



land, '2nd dau. 
eventual coheir. 



and 



Duke of Clarence, 
son of Henry IV. 



Ill , King 
of Scotland, 
d. in 1406. 



dau. of 

Sir John 

Drummond. 



Lady Joan Beaufort, eldest, dau.-j- James I., King of Scotland. 

r 



..j.> 



~ 



James 11., King of Scotland.=T=Mary, dau. of Arnold, Duke ofGelders. 



The Princess Margaret, 2nd dau. of King=pWilliam Crichton, 3rd Lord Crichton. 
James II. ( 

I ' 



Sir James Crichton. ^Catherine, eld. dau. of William, Lord Borth- 
wick. 



William Crichton, of Frendraught.=pAgnes Abernelhy. 

I ' 

Sir James Crichton, of Frendraught.^f^Lady Joanna Keith, 6th dau. of William, 4th 

I Earl Marischal. 



James Crichton, of Frendraught.=pJanet, dau. of Alexander Gordon, of Lesmoir. 



James Crichton, of Frendraught,»j. lGl9.=pLady Elizabeth Gordon, eld. dau. of John, 

12th Earl of Sutherland. 



James Crichton, of Fren-= 
draught, created Viscount of 
Frcndraught and Lord Crich- 
ton. 29 Aug. 1G42. 

I 
a 



:Lady Margaret Lesly, 2nd=f:M3rion, dau. of Sir Alex- 
dau. of Alexander, 1st Earl of ander Irvine, of Drum, 
Levcn, 1st wife. 2nd wife. 



~1 
d 



DatiiD a^aitlantJ a^akgili Cricfjton, (2Bsq. pedigree c 



VI. 



a 

1 
The Hon. =F 
Janet Crich- 
ton, dau. of 
James, 1st 
Viscount of 
Frendraught. 



Sir James 
Makgill, 
of Haiik- 
eillour. 



James Crichlon,=^Damc 



2nd Viscount of 
Frendraught, s. 
his father in 
1665, d. before 
4 Dec. 1678. 



I 

David Mak-=F 

gill of Raiik- 

eillour, only 

son, m. 10 

Feb., 1693. 



Clirislian 
Urquhart. 



Lewis Cricliton,=^ Dame 
4tli Viscount of Marion 
rrendranght, s. Seaton. 
his nephew in 
1686, d.s.p. 



-Janet, dau. of 
John Craig, of 
Ramornie, 
and sister of 
Robert Craig, 
of llamornie. 



William Crichton, .3rd 
Viscount of Fren- 
draught, d. previous to 
9 Dec. \6SG,s.p. 



James Makgill, =Jane, dau. 

of Kankeillour, ofSirRobt. 

designed also Anstruther, 

Viscount of Ox- of Balcas- 

ford, having kie, m. 20 

claimed that dig- Jan. 1720. 
nity in 1733-4, 
d.s.p. before 24 
July, 17G5. 



Catherine — 
Makgill, eld. 
dau. served 
heir of pro- 
vision to her 
brother, 24 
July, 176.5, 
d.s.p. before 
11 April, 1776. 



Alexander 
Chrystie, of 
Edinburgh. 



The Rev. Wil-=Flsabella Mak 



Ham Dick. 
Minister uf 
Cupar, CO. 
Fife. 



gill,(2uddau.) 
of Rankeii- 
lour, served 
heir of provi- 
sion to her 
elder sis- 
ter, 1776. 



James Dick, Esq., of Callulhie, an ensign in the army, only 
son, predeceased his mother before 20 September, 1768. 

J 



Margaret Dick, dau. and heir, s. her father ;=pThe Honble. Frederick Maitland, Capt. R.N., 



insisted on a process in 1792 as heir poi 
tioner at law of Janet Craig, Lady Rankeil- 
lour, her great grandmother, d. 1S25. 



6th son of Charles, 6lh Earl of Lauderdale, 
m. in 1767. 



Charles Maitland Makgill, yr. Esq., of Rank -=pMary, eld. dau. of David Johnston, Esq. 



eillour, eld. son and heir, b. 26 Dec. 1769, 
d. 1820. 



Eleanor Julian, 2nd dau.= 
of the late Thomas Hog, 
Esq., of Newliston, 1st 
wife, m. 1827, d. 1833. 



r 



of Lathirskj d. 11 June, 1824. 



=Dabtli /Haitlantr ^afegill CTrifD-- 

toil, Esq., of Rankeillour, co. Fife, b. 
4 March, 1801, served heir of line in 
general to James Crichton, Ist Vis- 
count Frendraught, in June, 1839 ; 
20th in direct descent from Edward 
1., King of England, and 19th from 
Robert Bruce, King of Scotland. 



^Esther, dau. of the late 
Dr. Andrew Coventry, of 
Chanwell, 2nd wife, m. 
1834. 



I 

Charles- 
Julian, 6. 
J 828. 



Tiiomas- 
Hog, b. 
1830. 



Mary- 
Stuart, 
b. 1829. 



1 

Eleanor- 
Julian 
Hog, 
b. 1831, 
d. 1844. 



David, b 
1841. 



Andrew, 
b. 1845. 



Martha- 
Cunning- 
ham, b. 
1837. 



Janet- 
Esiher, 
b. 1843. 



n 
Frederica, 

b. 1819. 



PEDIGREE CrV'II. 



milliam a^illg, <2Bsq. 



Eleanor of Castile.=f<!?triDarll I. d. 
1st wife. 



1307.^Margaret of France, dau. of Philip, King of 
France, and grand-dau. of St. Louis. 2nd wife. 



Edward 
d. 1327. 



II.= 



^Isabel of 
France. 



Thomas, of Brotherton, 
Earl of Norfolk, 2nd son. 
from whom, in the female 
line, the Howards de- 
scend. 



Edmund, of =pMargaret, sis 



Woodstock, Earl 
of Kent, 3rd son, 
beheaded 1329. 



ter and heir of 

Thomas, Lord 

Wake. 



Edward lIl.=fPhilippa of Sir Thomas Holland, Earl=pJoan, "the Fair Maid of Kent." 



d. 1377, 



Hainault. 



of Kent, K.G., d. 136U. 



I 

Edward 

the 
Black 
Prikce. 



Richard 
d.s.p. 



only dau. of Edmund, of Wood- 
stock, Earl of Kent, and sister 
and heir of John, Earl of Kent, 
d. 1.385. 



Edmund, =plsabel, 



Lionel Plan-^Elizabeth 



of Langley, 
Duke of 

York, K.G., 
4th son, 
d. 1402. 



II. 



youngest 
dau. and 
heir of 
Peter, King 
of Castile 
and Leon. 



tagenet, of 
Antwerp. 
Duke of Cla- 
rence, Earl of 
Ulster, &c., 
K.G.. 2ud son 
d. 1368. 



Thomas =f=Alice, dau. 



de Burgh, 
dau. and 
heir of 
William, 
Earl of 
Ulster. 



Holland, 
Earl of 
Kent, d. 
1396. 



Edmund 
3rd Earl 
d. 1382. 



Mortimer,=j=Philippa, dau. and 
of March, heir. 



of Richard 
Fitzalan, 
Earl of 
Arundel. 



Roger, Earl of March^ 
and Ulster, Lord 
Lieutenant of Ire- 
land, d. 1399. 



^Eleanor, eld. dau.; sister of Thomas Holland, 
Duke of Surrey, and sister and coheir of 
Edmund Holland, Earl of Kent. 



Richard, Earl of Cambridge, surnamed 
Coningsbtirgh, 2nd son and heir; beheaded 
1414. 



I , 

of=pAune, dau. and coheir, after the death 
her brother, Edmund Mortimer, heiress 
the crown. 



of 
to 



J 



Richard, Duke of York, Protector of England,=^Cecily, dau. of Ralph Neville, Earl of West- 
K.G., killed at the battle of Wakefield, I moreland. 

1460. I 

I 

Duke of Cla-=plsabel, dau. of Richard Neville, Earl of 
Salisbury and Warwick, surnamed the King- 



r 



Edward IV., King 
of England, d. 
148.3. 



George, 

rence, K.G., murdered 

in the Tower, 1477. 



maker. 



Sir Richard Pole, K.G., c?. 1504.-pMargaret, dau. and heir, Coiuitess of Salis- 

I bury; beheaded 1541. 
. . I 

Henry Pole, Lord Montacute, son and heir ;=pJane, dau. of George Neville, Lord of Aber- 



r 



beheaded 1538. 



gavenny. 



Sir Thomas IIastings.=Winifred Pole, dau.=T=Sir Thomas Harrington, of Barrington Hall, 
1st husband. and coheir. Essex- 2nd husband. 

I 

Sir Francis Barrington, Bart, of Barrington=pJoan, dau. of Sir Henry Cromwell, of Hin- 
Hall, d. 1G28. chinbrooke. 

I ' 

Robert Barrington, Esq. of Hatfield, Broad=^Dorothy, dau. of Sir Thomas Eden, Knt., and 

Oak, and of Lachelcys, co. Essex, 3rd son. widow of Barrett, brother of Sir Edward 

I Barrett, Knt. of Ballingdon Hall, Essex. 



a 



mnimm a9iii$> €m- 



PEDIGUEB evil 



a 



Thomas Barrington, Esq. of Messing, Essex,= 
son and heir of Robert Baiiiuglon, Esq. of 
Hatfield, Broad Oak, Essex. 



■Mary, dau. and coheir of Joseph Ellison, of 
Dengey, co. Essex. 



Elliston Barrington, Esq. of Chelmsford in=pSnsanna, dau. of Geoffrey Liltel, Esq. of Hal- 
Essex, son and heir of Thomas Barrington, I stead, Essex, 
and gn.ndson of Robert j 

I -J 

Mary, dau. of Elliston Barrington, Esq. ot=^Giles Mills, Esq. of London, whose family 



Chelmsford. 



I 



had resided at Croydon, in Surrey, and at 
Hiirsconibe, Gloucestershire, b. in 1678, d. 
24 January, 17-16. 



William Mills, Esq. of Clapham, co. Surrey,=y=Elizabeth, dau. of James Hatch, Esq. of 
d. in 1790. | Claberry Hall, co. Essex. 

Thomas Mills, Esq. of Saxham Hall, CO. Suf-=T=Susannah, dau. and coheir of Christopher 
folk, b. 11 Feb. 1749, High Sheriff in 1805, Harris, Esq. of Bellevue, Devon, son of John 
Magistrate and Deputy Lieut, of Suffolk. | Harris, Esq. of Radford, Devon. 



J[3ailliami«tns= 


pChira- 


Christopher John, 


1 
Thomas, -pAnne, dau. 


1 1 1 1 
=The Hon. four 


Esq.* of Saxham 


Jane, 


b. 5 Oct. 1 782, m. 


in Holy 


of Natha. 


Elizabeth, daus. 


Hall, a Magis- 


•2nd 


three times, and 


Orders, 


niel Bar- 


Frances, 


trate and Deputy 


dau. of 


has issue. 


Rector 


nardiston, 


younger 


Lieut, of Suffolk, 


the 


1st wife. Harriet, 


of Great 


Esq. of Ryes 


dau. of 


b. 18 Jan. 1780, 


Rev. 


dau. of John Butts, 


Saxham 


Lodge, Es- 


George, 


m. 5 Jime, 1817, 


Richard 


Esq. of Kensing- 


and Stut- 


sex, 1st 


Viscount 


17th in direct de- 


Huntley 


ton, by whom he 


ton, Suf- 


wife. 


Barrington 


scent from Ed- 


of Box- 


had a dau. who 


folk, one 




2nd wife. 


ward III. King 


well 


died. 


of her 






of England. 


Court, 


2nd wife. Jemi- 


Majesty's 








CO. 


ma, dau. of James 


Chap- 








Glou- 


Hatch, Esq. of 


lains, b. 








cester. 


Clayberry Hall, 


17 Nov. 






r 




Thos. Richard, 




Essex, by whom 


1791. 






son and heir, and 




he has one son, 


r 






other issue. 




James. 

3d wife. Charlotte 
Mary, dau. of J. 
Harcourt Powell, 
Esq. of Burlington 
Street, London, 
by whom no issue. 


Barrington 
Stopford 
Thomas, 
b. 30 Sept. 
1821, and 
one dau. 
who died. 







• In the Dictionary of the Landed Gentry, the arms of the Mills' family are erroneously 
described : they are " Erm. a millrind sa." Crest ; lion ramp. or. 



PICDIGREE CVIII. 



JJ)cnr|^ DC la ll^oer, e^arquegg of 22laterforD^ 



lEdtnunll H. King of England, surnamed Ironside, lineal descendant from Alfred, 
had a son Edward .=T=Agatha, dau. of Henry II. Emperor of Germany. 



Edgar Atheling, rightful heir 
to the crown instead of Ed- 
ward the Confessor, d. with- 
out issue. 



Malcolm Can-=pMargaret Atheling, heiress 
to the crown of England, 
who was defeated by the 
Conquest. 



more, King of 
Scotland. 



Christiana, be- 
came a Nun, at 
Romsey, Hants. 



Henry I. King of England, 3rd son of William the Conqueror .-r-Malilda, of Scotland. 



J^ 



William, Duke of 
Normandy,f/. with- 
out issue. 



Hen. IV. Emperor of Germany,=Matilda. 
1st husband, d. without issue. 



r 



Geoffrey Plantagenet, Earl 
f Anjou, 2nd husband. 



Henry II. King of England.-pEleanor, of Aquitaine. 



^ T. 

Richard I,=Berengaria, Princess of Navarre. 



1 

JOHN.= 



I — 



Henry III.=pElcanor, of Provence. 



=Isabella, of 
Angouleme. 



Eleanor, of Castile,^ 
Ist wife. 



J 



=Edward I. d. 1307.=f=Margaret, of France, dau. of Philip IV. King of 
I France, and grand-dau. of St. Louis, 2nd wife. 



Edward II. =p Isabel, 



d. 1327. 



of 
France. 



Thomas, of Brotherton, Earl 
of Norfolk, 2nd son, from 
whom in the female line, the 
Howards descend. 



1 

Edmund of Wood-= 

stock, Earl of Kent, 
3rd son ; beheaded 
1329. 



-Margaret, sis- 
ter and heir of 
Thomas,Lord 
Wake. 



r 



Edward Ill.^Philippa, Sir Thomas Holland, Earl of=T=Joan, only daughter of Edmund of 



d. 1377. 



of 
Hainault. 



Kent, K.G., d. 1360. 



I' 



j_ 



Edward 

the 

Black 

Prince. 



1 



Woodstock, Earl of Kent, sister of 
Edmund, and sister and heir of 
John, both Earls of Kent, d. 1385. 



Edmund,=^Isabel, young- Lionel Plantage-^Elizabeth Thomas =^ Alice, dau. 



of Lang- 
ley, Duke 
of York, 
K.G., 4th 
son, d. 
1402. 



Richard II. 
d.s.p. 



est dau. and 
heir of Peter, 
King of Cas- 
tile and Leon. 



net, of Antwerp, 
Duke of Cla- 
rence, Earl of 
Lister, &C.K.G., 
2nd son,c?. 1368. 



de Burgh, 
dau. and 
heir of 
Wlliam, 
Earl of 
Ulster. 



Holland, 
Earl of 
Kent, d. 
1396. 



Edmund Mortimer, 3rd Earl of: 
March, d. 1382. 



-| 



:Philippa, dau. 
and heir. 



of Richard 
Fitzalan, 
Earl of 
Arundel. 



Roger, Earl of March and Ulster,=^Eleanor, eldest dau.; sister of Thos. 



Lord Lieutenant 
1399. 



of Ireland, d. 



Holland, Duke of Surrey, and sis- 
ter and coheir of Edmund Holland, 
Earl of Kent. 



J 



Richard, Earl of Cambridge, surnamed of-^Anne, dau. and coheir, after the death of 



Coningsburgh, 2nd son and heir ; beheaded 
1414. 

( — 

Richard, Duke of York, Protector cf England,= 
K.G., killed at the battle of Wakefield, 1460. 



her brother, Edmund Mortimer, 
crown , 



heir to the 



-Cicely, dau. of Ralph Nevil, Earl of West- 
moreland. 



Edward IV. King of 
England, d. 14S3. 



George, Duke of Cla-:j=lsabel, dau. of Richard Nevil. Earl of Salis- 



rence,K.G., murdered 
in the Tower, 1477. 



bury and Warwick, surnamed the Kingmaker. 



Sir Richard Pole, K.G., d. 1504.=pMargaret, dau. and heir, Countess of Salis- 
bury ; beheaded, 1541. 



Henry Pole, Lord Montacute, son and heir ;=p.Jane, dau. of George Nevil, Lord of Aber- 
behcaded, 1538. ( gavenny. 



a 



fDenrp De la Ipoer, t^arque.80 of O3ateifort). pedigree cvm. 



I 

Francis, Earl of Huntingdon, K.(J., d. '20^Catlierine, eldest dau. and coheir, d. 23 Sept, 

June, 1560, buried at Ashby do la Zouch. 1576. 

I ' 

George, Earl of Huntingdon, d. 31 Dec. lG04.=pDorolhy, 2nd dau. and coheir of Sir John 

buried at Ashby de la Zouch. I Port, of Etwall, co. Derby, d. 2 Sept. 1607. 

I ' 

Francis Lord Hastings, d.v.p. 17 Dec. 1595.^Sarah, dau. of Sir James Harrington, and 

j sister of John, Lord Harrington, buried 3 
I Oct. 1629, at Ashby. 

Sir George Hastings, of Gray's Inn, CO. Mid-^Seymour, dau. and coheir of Sir Gilbert 



dlesex, Bart., d. -without issue male, 1 July, 
1641. 



Prinne, of Chippenham, co. Wilts. 



Bridges Nanfan, of Bridge Norton, co. Wor-=Katherine, dau. and coheir of Sir George 
cester, d. 4 June, 1704, aged 72, buried there, j Hastings, d. 8 Dec. 1702, aged 83. 

1 

Richard Coote, 2nd Lord Coloony, creatcdT=Katherine, dau. and heir, d. 12 March, 1738, 



Earl of Bellamont in 169G, d. at New York, 
5 March, 1700. 



set. circ. 73. 



Nanfan Coote, 2nd Earl of Bellamont, d. 12=pFrances, youngest dau. of Henry de Nassau, 
July, 1708, without issue male. j Earl of Grantham. 

' 1 

Hannah, dau. and coheir of Sir Thos. Lombe,=f Sir Robert Clifton, of=pFrances,only dau. and 



Knt., Alderman of London, 2iid wife, and 
had an only son. 



Clifion, CO. Noliing- 
ham, Bart., K.B. 



heir, 1st wife. 



Sir Gervase Clifton, Bart. George, 3rd Lord Carpenter, created=pFrances, sole dau. and 



from whom descends the Viscount Carlingford, and Earl of Tyr- 
present Baronet. connel, 1 May, 1761, buried at Ousel- 

bury, CO. Hants, 19 March, 1762. 



heir of her mother, »i. 
at St. George's Chapel, 
May Fair, 23 March, 
1747-8. 



George, 2nd Earl of Tyrconnel, b. in 1750,=f=The Hon. Sarah Hussey Delaval, dau. and 
d. 15 April, 1805. I coheir of John, Lord Delaval. 



—J 



Lady Susan Hussey Carpenter, only child=pHenry, 2nd Marquess of Waterford, K.P., d. 
and heiress, m. 29 Aug.1805, d. 7 June, 1827. I 16 July, 1826. 



?^fnrt» Dt la i^crr 15nrsf0ltl, present MAR-=Louisa, 2nd dau. of the late Lord Stuart de 
QUESs OF Waterford. 20th in direct descent Rothsay ; m. 8 June, 1842. 
from Edwakd III. King of England, and 
one of the co-representatives of George, Duke 
of Clarence, brother of King Eoward IV. 
being entitled as such to quarter the Royal 
Arms. 



PEDIGREE CIX. 



caiilliam oaronie, dB^q. 



Jenrg IM- King of^Eleanor, dau. and coheir of Raymond ISotevt ISrUCC, 



England. 



Berenger, Count of Provence, 



King of ScoUand. 



Edward I. King of=pMargaret, dau. of Edmund, Earl=FBlanche, 



England. 



Philip III. King 
of France. 



of Lancaster. 



Queen Dow- 
ager of Na- 
varre. 



Edmund Plantage-^ Margaret, sister 



net, surnamed "of 
Woodstock," Earl 
of Kent, 2nd son. 



and heir of Thos., 
Lord Wake. 



Henry, Earl ^ Maud, dau. 
of Lancaster. | and heir of Sir 

Patrick Cha- 

worlh. 



3rd husb.=^ Joan Planta- ^2nd husb. Lady Eleanor= 
^ "' Plantagenet, 

widow of 
.lohn, Lord 
Beaumont. 



Edward 

THE 

Black 
Prince, 



King Richard IL 



genet, the Fair 
Maid of Kent, 
m. William 
Montacute 
Earl of Salis- 
bury. 



Sir Thos. 
de Hol- 
land, K.G. 
Lord Hol- 
land. 



^Richard Fitz 
Alan, Earl of 
A-rundel. 



Margery=j= Walter, 
Lord 
High 
Steward 
of Scot- 
land, 



Robert II. King of 
Scotland. 



Thomas de Hol-=jpLady Alice Fitz Alan. 

land, 2nd Earl of 

Kent. 



Robert III. King 
of Scotland. 



Lady Margaret =Flst, John Beaufort, =2nd, Thomas Plantagenet, 
Marquess of Dorset, Duke of Clarence, son of 
son of John of Gaunt, Henry IV. 
Duke of Lancaster, 
by Katherine Swyn- 
ford. 



Holland, 2nd 
dau. and even- 
tual coheir. 



Lady Joan Beaufort, eld. dau.=j=JAMEs I, King of Scotland. 



The Princess Joanna, dau. of James I. King=j=James Douglas, 1st Earl of Morton, 
of Scotland, and widow of the Earl of 
Angus. 



John Douglas, 2nd Earl of Morton, son and successor. 



Lady Elizabeth Douglas, dau. of John, 2nd-pRobert, Lord Keith, slain at Flodden. 
Earl of Morton. 



William Keith, 4th Earl Marischal, d, 7 Oct.=f=Margaret, dau. and coheir of Sir William 



1581. 



Keith, of Innerugie. 



Lady Anne Keith, dau. of William, 4th Earl=pJames, Earl of Moray. 
Marischal, m. in 1561. 



Elizabeth, Countess of Moray, eld. dau, and=T=Sir James Stuart, " The Bonny Earl of 



coheir of James, Earl of Moray, m. in 1580. 



Moray." 



Lady Grizel Stuart, dau. of " The Bonny=FSir Robert Innes, of Innes, Bart. 
Earl of Moray." | 



a 



William TSroDie, (B^q. 



PEDIGREE CIX. 



Elizabeth, dau. of Sir Robert Lines, Bart.,=pAlexander Brodie, of Brodie, styled " Lord 
and widow of John Craigston, tutor of 1 Brodie," as Senator of the College of Justice, 
Cromarty ; slie d. in 1679. m. 28th Oct. 1G35, d. 1619. 



James Brodie, of Brodie, son and heir of=pLady Mary Ker, dau. of William, 3rd Earl 
Lord Brodie, h. 15 Sept. 1637, d. in March, I of Lothian, m. in 1659. 
1708. 



Margaret Brodie, 6th dau. and coheir of^James Brodie, of Whitehill, son of Joseph 



James Brodie, of Brodie, m. 8 Nov. 1698, 
to her. 



Brodie, of Aslirk, brother of " Lord Brodie." 



James Brodie, of Spynie, son and heir.=pEmilia Brodie. 

I '■ 

James Brodie, of Brodie, s. his cousin Alox-=f:Lady Margaret Duff, youngest dau. of VVm. 



ander, 6. 31 Aug. 1744, m. 6 March, 1768, 
d. 17 Jan. 1824. 



1st Earl of Fife, by Jean, dau. of Sir James 
Grant, Bart, of Grant. 



James Brodie, eldest son, E.I.C. Civil Ser-^Ann, dau. of Colonel Story, 
vice, Madras, d.v.p. 



SIMilltani ISrotJte, Esq. of Brodie, co. Moray ,=Elizabeth, 3rd dau. of Colonel Hugh Baillie, 
s. his grandfather, Lord Lieutenant of co. M.P, 
Nairn ; 19th from Edward I. and ISth 
from Robert Bruce in direct descent. 



TEDIGREK CX. 



leicDolas (^timunri garburg&, €03. 



IHtrtoarlr H5. King of England, d. 1377.T=Philippa, dau. of William, Count of Hainault. 

J 



Lionel Plantagenet, Duke of Clarence.' 



-Lady Elizabeth de Burgh, dau. and heir of 
William, Earl of Ulster. 



The Lady Philippa Plantagenet, only child.T=Edmund Mortimer, Earl of March 



The Lady Elizabeth Mortimer.=^Henry Percy, the renowned Hotspur, d. in 

1403. 



Henry Percy, 2nd Earl of Northumberland,=T=Lady Eleanor Nevil, dau. of Ralph, 1st Earl 

of Westmoreland, and Joan de Beaufort, his 
wife, dau. of John of Gaunt. 



fell at St. Albans, 1455. 



Henry Percy, 3rd Earl of Northumberland,=pEleanor, dau. and heir of Richard Poynings. 
slain at Towton, 1461. 



Henry Percy, 4th Earl of Norlhumberland.=T=Maude, dau. of Herbert, 1st Earl of Pem 

1 broke. 



Henry Algernon Percy, 5ih Earl.=pCatherine, dau. and coheir of Sir Robert 

Spencer. 



Sir Thomas Percy, Knt., 2nd son, executed^Eleanor, dau. of Guiscard Harbottle, Esq. of 
in 1537. I Beamish, co. Durham. 



Thomas, 7th Earl of Henry, 8th Guiscard, d. 
Northumberland. Earl. an infant. 



Sir Francis Slingsby,=T=Mary Percy, 
Knt. of Scriven. d. in 1598. 



Sir Henry Slingsby, of Scriven, d. 1634.=pF ranees, dau. and heir of William Vavasour, 

I of Weston, co. York. 

I ± 

Maria, second dau. of Sir Henry Slingsby ,-rSir Walter Bethell, Knt. of Alne, co. York. 
Knt. of Scriven. | 

, -J 

Mary, dau. of Sir Walter Bethell, Knt. of =pThomas Hesketh, Esq. of Heslington, co. 
Alne. York, representative of a younger branch of 

. I Hesketh of Lancashire. 

J 



r 



Ann, dau. and coheir of Thomas Hesketh,: 
Esq. of Heslington. 



:Janios Yarburgh, Esq. of Snaith Hall, co. 
York, Lieut. -Colonel in the Guards, d. in 
1728 (for details of the ancient family of 
Yarburgh, see Burke's Landed Gentry.) 



Charles Yarburgh, Esq. of Heslington and=T=Sarah Griffin, of Wirksworth, co. Derby, de 



Snaith, co. York, and of Yarburgh, co. 
Lincoln, d. 1788. 



scended from the Lowes of Alderwasley, and 
the Wigleys of Wigwal. 



j3lirtoIas Etrmunti ©arburgf), Other 
Esq., of Heslington Hall, co. issue, 
York, High Sheriff in 1836, d.imm. 
15th in direct descent from 
Edward 111. King of Eng- 
land. 



Sarah Yarburgh, m. ]=i=John Greame, Esq., 



Aug. 1782, d. 21 Oct 
1785. 



nephew of the late John 
Greame, Esq. of Sew- 
erby, co. York. 



Yarburgli Greame, Esq. George Lloyd, Esq.=pAlicia Maria, only 
of Sewerby House, co. of Stoc/klon Hall, dau. 
York, a Magistrate and co. York. 
Deputy Lieutenant. 



^r0» ^nn (Blm ^ranfill. 



TEDIGREE CXI. 



J^enrg VM. King of England, d. 21 April, =i=The Princess Elizabeth, dau. of Edward IV. 
1509. King of England. 



Louis XII.=pThe Princess Mary, 2nd dau. of=pCharles Brandon, Duke of Suffolk, K.G. '2nd 



King of 
France. 



King Henry VII., and sister 
andj in her issue, coheir of 
Henry VIII. 



S.J}. 



husband. 



Henry Clifford, Earl of Cumberland-=T=Lady Eleanor Brandon, dau. and coheir of 

Charles, Duke of Suffolk. 



J 



Lady Margaret Clifford, only dau. and heir=f=Henry Stanley, Earl of Derby, K.G. d. 1593. 
of Henry, Earl of Cumberland. 



Ferdinando Stanley, Earl of Derby, Baron=T= Alice, dan. of Sir John Spencer, of Althorpe. 
Strange, of Kuockyn, d. in 1595. 



J 



Lady Frances Stanley, dau. and coheir. =pJohn Ejrerton, 1st Earl of Bridgewater, d, 4 

Dec. 1649. 



John Egerton, 2nd Earl of Bridgewater, d. in=T=Lady Elizabeth Cavendish, dau. of William, 
1686. Duke of Newcastle. 



The Hon. Thomas Egerton, of Tatton Park,=FHesther, only dau. of Sir John Busby, Knt. 



CO. Chester, 3rd son of John, 2nd Earl of 
Bridgewater, d. 1685. 



The Rev.William Egerton, LL.D. Chancellor 
and Prebendary of Hereford, Prebendary 
of Canterbury, Rector of Penshurst, &c. 3rd 
son of the Hon. Thomas Egerton, d. 1737. 



of Addington, Bucks, c?. 1724. 



=Anne, dau. of Sir Francis Head, Bart, of 
Rochester. 



Charlotte Egerton, =p\Villiam Hammond, EdwardBrydges,Esq=i=Jemima, 2nd dau. and 



eldest dau. and coh. 



Esq. of St. Alban's of Wootton Court, 
Court. Kent. 



coheir. 



The Rev. Anthony Egerton Hammond, Rec- 
tor of Knowlton and Ivy Church, Kent. 



Champion Branfill, =pCharlotte Brydges, 



Esq. of Upminster 
Hall, Essex,d. 1792. 



dau. of Edward 
Brydges, Esq. of 
Wootton. 



^nne ©lija, dau. of the Rev. Anthony Eger-=pCharapion Edward Branfill, Esq. of Upmiu- 
ton Hammond, 11th in direct descent from ster Hall. 
Henry VII. King of England, and entitled 
as CO - representative to quarter the royal 
arms. 



Champion, Egerton- 
eldest son. Anthony- 
Hammond. 



— — , p— J. 

Benjamm- Champion- Brydges- 

Aylett. Edward- Robinson. 

Brydges. 



1 r — I 

John-Ar- Three daus. 



tliurCapel. 



!/ 



PEDIGREE CXII. 



Lc ©entire iBic&ote ^tatMe, (2B0q. 



ISfitoartJ IHr. King of England.=^Pliilippa dau. of William, Count of Hainault. 
Johiiof Gaunt, Duke=pCatherine, dau. of Eleanor, eldest dau.=^Thomas of Wood 



of Lancaster, d. 
1399. 



t- 



Sir Payn Roet, Knt., 
Guyenne King of 
Ai-ms, and widow of 
Sir Otho Swinford, 
Knt., 3rd wife. 



and coheir of Humph- 
rey Bohun, Earl of 
Hereford. 



stock, Duke of Glou- 
cester, and constable 
of England. 



Joan de Beaufort, =pRalph Neville, Earl William Bourchier,=^Lady Anne Planta- 



dau. of John of 
Gaunt, d. 19 Henry 
VI. 



of Westmoreland, 
Marshal of England, 
K.G. &c., d. 21 Oct. 
4 Henry VI. 



Earl of Ewe in Nor- 
mandy, so created 7 
Henry V. 



genet, sister and sole 
heir of Humphrey, 
Earl of Buckingham. 



George Neville, Lord=f=Elizabeth, 3rd dau. Margery, dau. and^Sir John Bourchier, 



Latimer, younger 
son, summoned to 
parliament by writ, 
10 Henry VI., d. 
9 Edward IV. 



and coheir of Richard 
Beauchamp, Earl of 
Warwick. 



sole heir of Sir Rich 
ard Berners, Knt., 
commonly called 
Lord Berners. 



K. G., and Baron 
Berners. 



I 



Sir Henry Neville, son and heir, d.v.p. 8=t= Jane, dau. of John Bourchier, Lord Berners. 
Edward IV. 



Richard Neville, Lord Latimer, </. 21 Henry^^Anne, dau. of Sir Humphrey Stafford of 
Vn. Grafton. 

I 

Susan Neville, dau. of Richard, Lord Lati-=T=Richard Norton, alias Conyers of Norton Con- 



mer, named in the will of her brother John, 
Lord Latimer, 1st wife. 



yers, Esq. son of John Norton of Norton Con- 
yers, Esq. by Anne, his wife, only dau. and 
heir of William Radclyffe, Esq. of Rilston in 
Craven, co. York, and Joan, his wife, dau. of 
Sir John Tempest, Knt. of Bracewell. 



Clare Norton, dau. of Richard Norton, alias=f= Richard Goodricke, Esq. of Ribstone, High 



Conyers, of Norton Conyers. 



Sheriff of Yorkshire in 1579, d. 1581. 



Richard Goodricke, Esq. of Ribstone, High^F Meriel, dau. of William, Lord Eure. 
Sheriff of Yorkshire in 1591, d. 1601. 



Sir Henry Goodricke, Knt., of Ribstone, 6.=t= Jane, dau. of Sir John Savile, Knt. of Meth 



in 1580, cf. 1641. 



r 



ley. 



Mary, dau. of Sir Henry Goodricke, Knt. ol^ Richard Hawkesworth,Esq. ofHawkesworth, 



Ribstone. 



CO. York, d. 1657. 



Walter Hawkesworth, Esq. of Hawkesvvorth,=p Alice, dau. of Sir William Brownlow, Kat. 
living, A.D. 1666. I 



Sir Walter Hawkesworth, Bart, of Hawkes-=p Anne, dau. of Sir Robert Markham, of Sedge- 



worth, so created 1078. 



T 



brookc. 



Sir Walter Hawkesworth, Bart, of Hawkes-=i= Judith, eldest dau. and coheir of John Ais- 
worth. cough, Esq. 



a 



He i^ennrc il^icbolas ^tarfeie, €.sq. 



PEDIGREE CXII. 



a 



Frances, only dau. and heir of Sir Walter=y=Thonias Ramsden, Esq. 
Hawkesworth, Bart, of Hawkes worth. 



T 



Walter Ramsden Hawkeswortli, Esq. 
Hawkesworth, d. 1760. 



of=f= Frances-Elizabeth, dau. of Joseph Hall, Esq. 
of Skelton Castle, 



I 

Frances, dau. of Walter Ramsden Hawkes-' 
worth, Esq. of Hawkesworth. 



T 



Le Gendre Starkie, Esq. of Huntroyde, co. 
Lancaster. 



Le Gendre Piers Starkie, Esq. of Huntroyde,=j= Charlotte, dau. of Benjamin Prccdy, D.D., 



High Sheriff of Lancashire in 1800, d. 
1807. 



T 



in Rector of Brington, co. Northampton. 



Le Gendre Starkie, 
Esq. of Huntroyde, 
High Sheiiff of Lan- 
caster in 1815, d.s.p. 
in 1822. 



Charlotte Le Gendre 
Starkie, ni. Colonel 
Armylage, 2nd son of 
Sir Geo. Armytage, 
Bart, of Kirklees, co. 
York. 



Le Gendre, 
PierceSlar- 
kie, Esq. 
imm. 



las ^tarfeie, Esq. 

of Huntroyde, 17th 
in direct descent 
from Edward III. 
King of England. 



: Anne, dau. 

of A. 
Chamber- 
lain, Esq. 
of Rilston 
CO. York. 



Le Gendre Nicho- 
las Starkie. 



John Pierce Chamber- 
lain Starkie. 



Anne-Elizabeth 
Starkie. 



Henry- Arthur 
Starkie. 



PEDIGREE CXIII. JLOtt} ISCttDlCL 



<!JtttDarl( h King of England.=T=Margaret, dau. of Philip III. of France. 2nd 
1 wife. 



Edmund, of Woodstock, Earl of Kent.=pMargaret, dau. of John, and sister and heiress 

I ' of Thomas, Lord Wake. 

Edward the Black PRiNCE,=j=Lady Joan Plantagenet, dau.=f=Sir Thomas Holland, K. G., 



last husband. and heiress, celebrated as the 

-J Fair Maid of Kent. 



Lord Holland. 



I 

Richard IL King Thomas Holland, 2iid=i=Lady Alice Filzalan, dau. of Richard, Earl 
of England. Earl of Kent. of Arundel. 

1 

The Lady Alianore Holland, dau. and even--=pEdward Cherlton, Lord Powis. 
tual coheir of Thomas, Earl of Kent, and 
widow of Roger, Earl of March. 

I ' 

Joyce Cherlton, dau. and coheir of Edward,— Sir John de Tiptoft, d. in 1443. 
Lord Powis. j 

, J 

Joane Tiptoft, 2nd dau. and in her issue,=i=Sir Edmund Inglethorpe. 
coheir of Sir John de Tiptoft. j 

Isabel Inglethorpe, dau. and heir.=j=John Neville, Marquess of Montacute. 

Lady Anne Neville, eldest dau. and coheir.=pSir William Stonor, Knt. of Stonor. 

I 1 

Anne Stonor, dau. and eventual heiress. n=Sir Adrian Fortescue, Knt. 

r ' 

Margaret, eldest dau. and coheir.=pThos.Wentworth, let LordWentworth,rf. 1551. 



Thomas Wentworth, 2nd Lord Wentworth,=f^Anne, dau. of Sir John Wentworth, Knt. 
d. 1590. I 

1 -J 

Henry Wentworth, 3rd Lord Wentworth.=pAnne, dau. of Sir Owen Hopton, Knt., and 
d. 1594. j -\vidow of Sir William Pope. 

1 1 

Thos. Wentworth, Earl of Cleveland, rf. 16G7.=pAnne, dau. of Sir John Crofts, Knt. 

Lady Anne Wentworth, dau. and eventual=y=John, Lord Lovelace, 
heiress. | 

r ' 

Hon. Margaret Lovelace, dau. and eventual=j=Sir William Noel, Bart., of Kirkby Mallory, 
heir. | co. Leicester. 

I ■ 1 

Sir John Noel, Bart., of Kirkby Mrillory.— Mary, dau. and coheir of Sir John Clobery, 

I 1 Knt. 

William Noel, one of the Judges of the=f=Susanna, dau. of Sir Thomas TroUope, Bart., 
Common Pleas. | of Casewick. 

I -J 

Susannah Maria Noel, eldest dau. and coheir=f=Thomas Hill, Esq. of Tern Hill, co. Salop, 
of Mr. Justice Noel. | 

Noel Hill, Esq. M.P. for Shropshire, created=j=Anna, dau. of Henry Vernon, Esq. of Hilton, 



Baron Berwick, of Attingham, 19 May, 
1784, d, 6 Jan. 1789. 



CO. Stall'ord, (see Royal Descent, No. 57.) 






5KirJ)ar& flofi ji^iU, present 3Lord J3rriDirIt,=f=Frances, dau. of the late William Mostyn 



20th in direct descent from Edward I. King 
of England ; entitled as one of the co-repre- 
sentatives of Joan Plantagenet, the Fair 
Maid of Kent, to quarter the Royal Arms. 



r 



Owen, Esq. M.P. for Montgomeryshire, d. 4 
Jan. 1840. 



Rxliaid William Thomas-Henry, Clias.ArLhur- Maria Harriett- Georgina- 

Noel,';. 22 Noel.Maj.r in Holy Orders. Wenlworlh- Emily. Aunc. Louisa- 
Nov. 1800. in the Army. Hawood. Mary. 



Cbe iRcti* ^ir William Wiobm Ecmpc, 



I'EDIGRRK CXIV. 



J^rnrg HH. King of England.^ Eleanor, dau. of Raymond, Earl of Provence. 
I 



Edmund Plantagenet, Earl of Lancaster.=y^ Blanche, dau. of Robert, Count of Artois. 



J 



Henry Plantagenet, Earl of Lancaster.T= Maud, dau. and sole heir of Patrick Cha- 



j: 



orth, Knt. 



Lady Eleanor Plantagenet, dau. of Henry ,-j- Richard Fitzalan, Earl of Arundel, K.G. 
Earl of Lancaster. 



T 



I 

John Fitzalan, younger son of Richard, Earl-p Eleanor, grand-dau. and heir of John, Lord 
of Arundel, y«<re «.rons. Lord Maltra vers. Maltravers. 

I 

John Fitzalan, son of John, Lord Maltravers, d.v.p. 

I 



r 

Sir Thomas Fitzalan, of Beechworth Castle, co. Surrey, brotlier of John, 11th Earl of Arundel, 

J 



Eleanor, dau. and sole heiress of Sir Thomas^ Sir Thomas Bro-w-ne, Treasurer of the house- 
Fitzalan. 1 hold, to Henry VI. 

Sir George Browne, Knt. of Beechworth=r Elizabeth, dau. of Sir William Paston, and 
Castle, Sheriff of Kent, in 1481. widow of Richard, Lord Poynings. 

Sir Matthew Browne, Knt. of Beechworth=r Fridiswide, dau. of Sir Richard Guilford, 



Castle, Sheriff of Surrey, in 1496. 



I 

Henry Browne, d.v.p. 



K.G. of Hcmpsted, Kent. 

: Catherine, dau. of Sir William Shelley, of 
Michelffrove. 2nd wife. 



Sir Thomas Browne, Knt. of Beechworth=i= Mabel, dau. and heir of Sir William Fitz- 
Castle, succeeded his grandfather. Williams. 

I 

Sir Matthew Browne, of Beechworth Castle. =t= Jane, dau. of Sir Thomas Vincent, of Stoke 

Dabenion. 

Jane Browne, dau. of Sir Matthew Browne,=FSir Robert Kempe, Knt.. created a Baronet, 



of Beechwortli Castle. 



14 March, 1641, only surviving son of Robert 
Kempe, Esq. d. 20 Aug. 1647. 



Sir Robert Kempe, 2nd Baronet, M.P. for=f^Marv, dau. and sole heir of John Sonc, Esq. 
Norfolk, in 1668, d. 26 Sept. 1710. of Ebbeston Hall, co. SuHblk. 2nd wife. 



Anlingham, co. Norfolk. 



I 1 ' 1 

Sir Robert Kempe, 3rd John, d. Elizabeth, only dau. and=|='S\ illiam Kempe, Esq. of 
Baronet, whose male young. heir of Alderman Sharde- 

line expired in 1777. low. 



Mary Ives.=pSir William Kempe, 8lh Bart., succeeded his 
I kinsman Sir Benjamin Kempe, 7ih Barl. in 
1111, d. 1790. 



Sir William Robert Kempe, 9th Baronet, i =f= Sarah, dau. and heir of Thomas Aldcock, 
1744, rf. 11 Oct. 1804. Esq. of Carleton, co. Norfolk. 



Cfje Ufb. ^if SliSliniam Uobcrt lAflupc. lOth and present Baronet of Gissing, co. Norfolk, 
18lh in direct descent from Henuy III. King of England. 



PEDIGREE CXV. 



Cbe Et. ^on. ^usan, iBatonesg 5f3ort6* 



CtJtoaril I. King of England, d. 1 307. =f Eleanor of Caslile. 

I 

.The Princess Joan Plantagenet, called " of=f=Ralpli de Monthermer, Earl of Gloucester, 



Acres," widow of Gilbert, Earl of Clare. 



Cjure uxoris.) 



Thomas de Monthermer, killed vitdpatris, in a sea fight wiih the French, a.d. 1340. 

_J 



Margaret, only dau. and heir of Thos. Mon-=pSir John de Montacute, 2nd son of William, 
thermer, as proved by post mortem Inqui- Earl of Salisbury, 
sition. 



Sir Simon Montacute, 4th son of Sir John de=pElizabeth, dau. and heir of Wm. Boughton, 
Montacute. I Esq. of Boughton, co. Northampton. 



I Esq. 



Thomas Montagu, Esq. of Boughton, co.=^Christian, dau. of Thomas Bassett. 
Northampton. j 

I ' 

John Montagu, Esq. of Boughton.=i=Alice, dau. of William Halcot. 

William Montagu, Esq. of Buughton.=FMargaret, dau. of Christopher Bouling. 

Richard Montagu, Esq. of Hemington.=pAgnes, dau. of William Snelling. 
, I 



Thomas Montagu, Esq. of Boughton. c?. 5=pAgnes, dau. of William Dudley of Clopton. 
Sept. 1517. ' I 
I 

Sir Edward Montagu, Knt., Chief .Iustice=^Helen, dau. of John Roper, Esq. of Eltham. 
of the King's Bench, temp. Henry YIIl. | 

I 1 

Sir Edward Montagu, High Sheriff of North-=^Elizabeth, dau. of Sir James Harrington, of 
amptonshire in 1567. Exton, co. Rutland, 



Sir Henry Montagu,=^Margaret, dau. of John Mary, dau. of Sir^Sir Charles 'Mon- 



created Earl of Man- 
chester, 1626. 



Crouch, Esq. of Corn- William Whitmore, 
bury, Herts, 3rd wife. Kut. of London. 



tagu of Cran- 
brook, Essex, d.W 
Sept. 1625. 



The Hon. George Mon-=pElizabeth, dau. of Sir Dudley, 4th Lord=pAnne Montagu, 



tagu, son of Henry, 1st 
Earl of Manchester. 



Anthony Irley, Knt. 



North, K. B. 
1677. 



dau. and coheir of 
Sir Charles Mon- 
tague. 



Edward Mon- 
tagu, Esq. Countess celebrated Minister and coheir of Thos. 
(eld. son and Dowager of and Poet, created Pope, Earl of 
heir of the Manchester, Baron Halifax with Downe. 
Hon. George dau. of Sir remainder to his 
Montagu,) of Christopher nephew, 4 Dec. 1700. 
Horton, co. Yelverton, Advanced to an 
Northampton. Burt. Earldom in 1714, and 
=r made K.G. in 1715, 
I d.sp. 



Anne, =^Charles Montagu, the Frances, 2nd dau.=T=The Hon. Francis 

North, 2nd son of 

Dudley, 4th Lord 
North. Lord 
Keeper of the Great 
Seal, created Baron 
Guildford, d. 1685. 



George Montagu, 2nd=T:Richarda Posthuma,dau. Alice, dau. and=f Francis North, 2nd 



Lord Halifax, created 
Earl of Halifax, tn. in 
1728. 



of Richard Saltenstal, coheir of Sir John 
Esq.ofChippen Warden. Brownlow, Bt. 
1st wife. 



Lord Guildford, d. 
1729. 



Clje WiU ^on» ^U0an> I5arone00 Bon\}, pedigree 



cxv. 



a b 

I I 

Lady Lucy Montagu, dau. of George, 2nd=pFrancisNorthj 3rd Lord Guildford, succeeded 
Earl of Halifax, ?w. in 1728, 1st wife. his cousin as 7th Baron North, and was cre- 

I ated Earl of Guildford, 8 April, 1 752. 

I ' 

Frederick North, 2nd Earl of Guildford, and=FAnne, dau. and heir of George Speke, Esq. 



8lh Baron North, K.G., at one time Prime 
Miuister of England, d. 5 August, 1792 



of White Lackington, co. Somerset, d. 1707. 



George Augustus North, 3rd Earl of Guildford,=j=Susan, dau. of Thomas Coutts, Esq., theemi- 
and 9th Baron North, b. 1757, d. in 1802, nent banker. 



*tisan, Ijaronrss Xortlj, of Kirtling, only:;=Capt. John Sidney Doyle, who assumed the 



surviving daughter and heiress, 19th in direct 
descent from Edward I. King of England. 



surname of North in 1838, m. 18 Nov. 1835. 



The Hon. William Henry John North, b. 5 Oct. 1836. 



PEDIGREE CXVI. 



C!)omaj5 % m. ^Uiettenfjam, OBsq. 



lEtrtoartr H. King of England, d. 7 July,=pEleanor, dau. of Ferdinand III. King of 
1307. Castile. 



:p 



The Princess Elizabeth, dau. of Edward I.-pHumphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford and 
and widow of John, Earl of Holland, [ Essex, slain at Boroughbridge, 1321. 

William de Bohun, Earl of Northampton,=T=Elizabeth, dau. of Bartholomew de Badles- 
K.G., d. in 1360. mere, and widow of Edmund Mortimer. 

1 ' 

Lady Elizabeth de Bohun, dau. of William, =T=Richard Fitzalan, Earl of Arundel, beheaded 
Earl of Northampton, K.G. 21 Richard II. 

I ' 

Thomas, -j-Lady Elizabeth Fitzalan, dau.=pSir Robert Goushill, Knt. of Heveringham. 

Lord I and coheir of Richard, Earl of I 
Mowbray.^Surrey. | 

I ' 

Joan, dau. and coheir of Sir Robert Goushill.=^Thoraas, Lord Stanley, K.G., d. in 1458-9. 

1 ' 

Sir John Stanley, Knt., of Weever, co. Ches-=f=Elizabeth, dau. and heir of Sir Thomas 
ter, temp. Edward ] V. | Weever, Knt. 

I ' 

Thomas Stanley, Esq. of Weever, son of Sir=pA dau. of Lyversage of Wheelock. 
John Stanley, Knt. 



Thomas Stanley, Esq. of Weever and Alder-T=A dau. of Davenport of Henbury. 
ley, CO. Chester. I 

I • 1 

Thomas Stanley, Esq. of Weever, son and=j=Ursula, eister of Sir Hugh Cholmondeley, 
heir, Sheriff 14 Elizabeth. | Knt. 

I ' 

Ranulph Stanley, Esq. of Weever and Alder-=FMargaret, dau. of John Masterson, Esq. 
ley. I 

Sir Thomas Stanley, Knt. of Weever and Al-=f Elizabeth, dau. and coheir of Sir Peter War- 
derley, High Sheriff 7 Charles I. burton, Knt., of Grafton. 

I 1 

Sir Thomas Stanley, Bart, of Alderley, so=pElizabeth, dau. of Sir James Pytts, Knt., of 
created in 1C60. j Kyre, co. Worcester. 

I ■ 1 

Margaret, 5th dau. of Sir Thomas Stauley,=T=Thomas Sweltenham, Esq. of Swettenham, 
Bart, of Alderley, co. Chester. co. Chester, representative of that ancient 

I Saxon family, d. in 1713. 

I 1 

William Swettenham, Esq. of Swettenham, =T=Bethia, dau. of Thomas Willis, Esq., of an 
d. in 1736. ancient Berkshire family. 

I — — — 1 

Elizabeth, 2nd dau. of William Swettenham,=pRobert Heys, Esq. of Northwich, co. Chester. 
Esq. of Swettenham. j 

Elizabeth, dau. of Robert Heys, Eiq., of=FMillington Eaton, Esq., of Everton, co. Lan- 
Northwich. caster. 

(— _ J 

John Eaton, Esq. who succeeded to the=f Sarah Crosby, <f. 10 Sept. 1821. 
estate of Swettenham, and assumed that 
surname, d. 7 Dec. 1803. 

I 

Millington Eaton Swettenham, Esq. of Swet-=f Margaret, dau. of Paul Wybault, Esq., of 
tenham, 6. m 1774, d. in 1825. | Springfield, co. Kilkenny. 

€:|oma8 .^Ol&n SliKsbaillt StDfltenfjam, Esq.=Anna-Maria, dau. of the late Luke Alen, 
of Swettenham, present representative of Esq., Lieut.-Col. 55lh Rcgt., C.B., represen- 
the ancient family of Swettenham, of Swet- tative of the distinguished family of Alen, of 
tenham, and 19th in descent from Edward St. Wolstau's, co. Kildare. 
I. King of England. 



Cbe IRctt. Daniel it>tm^ Lee COarner. 



I'KDIGRITE CXVII. 



Ettoarlr H. King of England.^ Eleanor, dau. of Fkhdinand III., King of 

Castile. 



Joan of Acre, dau. of Edwahd I., King of=f:GiIbert de Clare, Earl of Gloucester. 
England. 



r 



Lady Elizabeth de Clare, dau. and coheir of=j: Theobald, Lord Vernon, d. in 1316. 
Gilbert, Earl of Gloucester, and widow of 
John de Burgh. 



Isabel, only dau. of Theobald, Lord Vernon,^ Henry Ferrers, Lord Ferrers of Groby. 
by his wife, Lady Elizabeth de Clare. 



William, 3rd Lord Ferrers of Groby, d. in^ Margaret, dau. and coheir of Robert de Uf- 
137 L ford, Earl of Suffolk. 

I I 

Henry, 4th Lord Ferrers of Groby, c?. in 1387.=t= Joane, dau. of Thomas, Lord Poynings. 

I ' 

William, 5th Lord Ferrers of Groby, d. in 1444.=,= 

I ■ ' 

Sir Thomas de Ferrers, Lord of Tamworth-p Elizabeth, eldest sister and coheir of Sir 
Castle, CO. Stafford, ^i^re itxoris. Baldwin Frevile, Kut. of Tamworth. 

Sir Henry Ferrers, Knt. of Hambleton.=F Margaret, dau. and coheir of William Heck- 
stall, Esq. of Heckstall, and East Peckhain. 

Sir Edward Ferrers, son and heir, of Baddes-=j= Constance, dau. of Nicholas Brorae, Esq. of 
ley Clinton, which he acquired with his wife, j Baddesley Clinton. 

Edward Ferrers, Esq. of Wood Bevington, co. Warwick second son.=p 
I — _ 1 



Constance, dau. and coheir of Edward Fer-=p George Huntley, Esq. of Boxwell, co. Glou. 
rers, Esq. J cester. High Sheriff of the county, in 1599. 



Matthew Huntley, Esq. of Boxwell, youngesi=p Frances, dau. of Sir George Snigge, Knt. 
son and eventual heir. Captain in Prince | Baron of the Exchequer, '2ud wife. 
Rupert's Horse, d. 165.3. | 
I 

George Huntley, Esq. of Boxwell, 6. in 1619,^Silvestra, dau. and heir of Edward Wykes, 
succeeded his half brother. Esq. of Wells and Shiplate, co. Somerset. 

I ' 

Matthew Huntley, Esq. of Boxwell, eldest=p Elizabeth, dau. of John Chandler, Esq. of 
son and heir, cf. 1712. Aldermanbury, and eventually one of the 

I coheirs of Dr. Chandler, Bishop of Durham. 



r' 



The Rev. Richard Huntley, of Boxwell,: 
eldest son and heir, d. 1 728. 



Anne, dau. of Colonel Henry Lee, of the Don 
John, Canterbury, and of Walsingham Ab- 
bey, Norfolk. 

1 ' 

Mary Huntley, 2nd dau. of the Rev. Richard=f Daniel Woodward, Esq. of Bristol, who was 
Huntley, of Boxwell. | Sheriff of Bristol in the year 1752. 

DanielHenryWoodward, Esq 6. at Bristol, 22=i= Margaret, only surviving child and heir of 
July, 1752, devisee of WaKingham Abbey Nathaniel Howorth, Esq. of W, 



from his cousin, Henry Lee Warner, assumed 
the surname and arms of Lee Warner, d. in 
1835. 



q.ofWolflmrstBank, 
Accriugton, co. Lancaster, 15 Sept. 1774. 



^^^f ?^^h ^''"jfJ^^^Jfirs arc iFlilarnfr, of=pAnne. eldest dau. (and coheir with her sister 
I M.u... -„ XT. r ,1. _ J /. Catherine, wife of the Rev. Reginald Wyn- 

neath, of Guittiiig Grange.) of the laie 



Walsingham Abbey, co. Norfolk, and of 
Tiberton Court, co. Hereford, 18th in direct 
descent from Edw.vrd I. King of England. 



Francis William Thomas Brydges, Esq. of 
Tiberton Court, co. Hereford. 



Henry James, eldest son. Other issue, sons and daiiglitcrs. 



PEDIGREE CXVIII. 



arti)ur Littleton anncslcp, (2Bsq« 



Eleanor, of Castile.=pBIrtDartr I. King of England.=pMargaret,daa. of Philip III. King of 
I I France. 

J 

Edward II. Kine of===Isabel, of France. 
England, d. 1327. j 



EdmundPlantagenet,=pMargaret, sister an < 



Edward III. King of=f=Ph.ilippa,of Hainault. 
England, d. 1377. | 

Johnof Gaunt, Duke=i=KatherLne, dau. and 



surnamed of Wood- 
stock. Earl of Kent, 
beheaded in 13"29. 



heir of Thos., Lord 
Wake. 



Joan, the Fair Maid=pSir Thomas Holland, 



of Lancaster. 



of Kent, only dau. 
and heiress. 



K.G. 



coheir of Sir Pa}-ne 

Roet, Knt., and wi- i ' 

dow of Sir Hugh de Thos. Holland, Earl=T=The Lady Alice Fitz- 
Swinford. of Kent. j alan, dau. of Rich- 

ard, Earl of Arundel. 



John de Beaufort, Earl of Somerset, and Mar-=j=Lady Margaret Holland, dau. and eventual 
quess of Dorset, K.G., d. in 1410. | coheir. 



John Beaufort,=p;Margaret, dau. Jane, wife of Edmund Beau- =f=Alianor, dau. and 



Duke of Somer- 
set, K.G., d. 
1444. 



of Sir John 
Beauchamp. 



James I.," King 
of Scotland. 



J 



Margaret, wife 
Margaret, only^Edmund Tudor, of Thos., Earl 



fort, Duke of 
Somerset, K.G., 
slain in 1445. 



coheir of Richard 
Beauchamp, Earl 
of Warwick, 



dau. and heir. 



Earl of Rich- of Devon, 
mond. 



Lady Anne Beau -=pSir William Pas- 



Henry YII. King of England. 



fort, dau. and 
eventual coheir. 



ton, Knt. 



Anne, eldest dau. and coheir of Sir William=f= Sir Gilbert Talbot, Knt. of Grafton, co. Wor- 

Paston. I cestcr. 

. — . ^ -< 

Elizabeth, eldest dau. and coheii- oi Sir Gil-=f= John Lyttleton, Esq. of Frankley, co. Wor- 

bert Talbot. | caster, d. 17 May, 1532. 

1 ' 

Sir John Lyttleton, of Frankley, eldest son=p Bridget, dau. and coheir of Sir John Paking- 
and heir, M.P., d. 15 Feb. 1589-90. | ton, Knt., of Hampton Lovet. 

Gilbert Lyttleton, Esq., M.P. for co. Wor-= Elizabeth, dau. of Humphrey Coningsby 
cester, 13 and 14 Elizabeth, High Sheriff I Esq. of Nyend Solers, co. Salop, and Hamp 
25 same reign, d. 1 June, 1599. ! ton Court, co. Hereford. 

John Lyttleton, Esq., M.P. for CO. Worcester,=p Muriel, dau. of Sir Thomas Bromley, Knt. 
d. in July, 1600-1. I Lord Chancellor of England. 

Sir Thos. Lyttleton, Knt. M.P., eld. son, High=p Catherine, dau. and .sole heir of Sir Thomas 
Sheriff of co. Worcester, in 161-3, created a j Crompton, of Duffield, co. York. 
Baronet, 25 July, 1618, d. 22 Feb. 1649-50. | 

Sir Charles Lyttleton, 3rd Bart., succeeded== Anne, dau. and coheir of Thomas Temple, of 
his eldest brother, d. 2 May, 1716. | Frankton, co. Warwick. 2nd wife. 

I ' 

Sir Thomas Lyttleton, 4th Bart. M.P., and=p Christian, dau. of Sir Richard Temple, Bart. 



Lord of the Admiralty in 1727, d. 14 Sept 
1751. 



of Stowe, CO. Bucl^s. 



Sir George Lyttleton, 5th Bart., 6. 17 Jan.=pLucy, dau. of Hugh Fortescue, Esq. of Fil 



1709, P.C., Chancellor and under Treasurer 
of the Exchequer ; created Lord Lyttle- 
ton, &c. 



leigh, CO. Devon. 1st wife. 



I"' 
a 



avtbur Littleton anneslep, €,sq. 



I'EDIGIIEE CXVIII. 



Lucy, dau. and eventual heir of George, lsl= 
Lord Lylllelon, m. 10 May, 1767, c/. in 1783. 



^Arthur, Viscount Valcnlia, created in ] 7*J3 
Earl of Mountnorris, d. 4 July, 1816. 



George, 2nd Earl of Mount- 
norris, d. without surviving 
issue, 23 July, 1844. 



■Anne, dau. of 
Wm., 2nd Vis- 
count Court- 
ney. 



Major-General Norinan=^Hester-AnnabelIa, 



George Arthur, Viscount William, d. 
Valentia, d.v.p. 1841. U7im. 1830. 



Maclcod, great grand- 
son of Sir Roderick 
Macleod, of Macleod. 



art^ur Hyttlrtoii annrslesr 

Esq. of Arley Castle, co. Staf- 
ford, and Camolin Park, co. 
Wexford, Capt. in the Army, 
succeeded to the estates of 
his maternal uncle, George 
Annesley, 2d Earl of Mount- 
norris, and assumed the sur- 
name of Annesley ; 19th in 
direct descent from Edw. 1. 
King of Eng land, and en- 
titled to quarter the Royal 
Arms. 



dau. of Arthur, 1st 
Earl of Mount- 
norris, m. in 1801, 
d. 14 Aug. 1844. 

Mary, 3rd dau. of 
John Bradley, 
Esq. of Colborne 
Hall, CO. Stafford. 



Arthur LyTTLExoN, eldest son 
and heir, 6, 1837. 



— I 

Other issue. 



I'lCUlGREE CXIX. 



discount ^out()UJelU 



iSiJmunll 52. King of England, surnamed Ironside, lineal descendant from Alfred, 
had a son Edward.=FAgatha, dau. of Henry II. Emperor of Germany. 



Edgar Atheling, rightful heir Malcolm Can-^Margaret Atheling, heiress Christiana, be 



to the crown instead of Ed- more, King of 
ward the Confessor, d. with- Scotland. 
out issue. 



to the crown of England, 
who was defeated by the 
Conquest. 



came a Nun, at 
Romsey, Hants. 



Henry I. King of England, 3rd son ofWilliam the Conqueror.-r-Matilda, of Scotland. 



William, Duke of 
Normandy,6?. with- 
out issue. 



Hen. IV. Emperor of Germany ,=Matiida.=^GeofifreyPlantagenet, Earl 



1st husband, d. without issue. 



J 



of Anjou, 2nd husband. 



Henry II. King of England.=T=E]eanor, of Aquitaine. 

I 1 

Richard I.=Berengaria, Princess of Navarre. JoHN.=f=Isabella, of 
, 1 Angouleme. 

Henry III.=f=Eleanor, of Provence, 

, 1 



Eleanor, of Castile,=pEDWARD I. d. 1307.=T=Margaret, of France, dau. of Philip IV. King of 



1st wife. 



J 



France^ and grand-dau. of St. Louis, 2nd wife. 



Edward II.=f= Isabel, 



d. 1327. 



of 
France. 



Thomas, of Brotherton, Earl Edmund of Wood-: 

of Norfolk, 2nd son, from slock, Earl of Kent, 

whom in the female line, the 3rd son ; beheaded 

Howards descend. 1329. 



^Margaret, sis- 
ter and heir of 
ThomaSjLord 
Wake. 



I r 

Edward III.=pPhilippa, Sir Thomas Holland, Earl of=T=Joan, only daughter of Edmund of 



d. V6T1. 



(' 



of 
Hainault. 



Kent, K.G., d. 1360. 



Woodstock, Earl of Kent, sister of 
Edmund, and sister and heir of 
John, both Earls of Kent, d. 1385. 



Edward 

the 

Black 



Edmund,= 
of Lang- 
ley, Duke 



Prince, of York, 
K.G.,4th 



son, d. 
1402. 



Richard II. 
d.s.p. 



^Isabel, young- 
est dau. and 
heir of Peter, 
King of Cas- 
tile and Leon. 



Lionel Plantage-=T=Elizabeth Thomas =F Alice, dau 



net, of Antwerp, 
Duke of Cla- 
rence, Earl of 
Ulster, &C.K.G., 
2nd son,d. 1368. 



de Burgh, 
dau. and 
heir of 
William, 
Earl of 
Ulster. 



Holland, 
Earl of 
Kent, d. 
1396. 



n 



Edmund Mortimer, 3rd Earl of=pPhilippa, dau. 
March, d. 1382. | and heir. 

, I 



of Richard 
Fitzalan, 
Earl of 
Arundel. 



Roger, Earl of March and Ulster,=^Eleanor, eldest dau.; sister of Thos. 



Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, d. 
1399. 



Holland, Duke of Surrey, and sis- 
ter and coheir of Edmund Holland, 
Earl of Kent. 



J 



Richard, Earl of Cambridge, surnamed of-i-Anne, dau. and coheir, after the death of 
Coningsburgh, 2nd son and heir ; beheaded " ~~ " 

1414. 



her brother, Edmund Mortimer, heir to the 
crown. 



Richard, Duke of York, Protector of England,=pCicely, dau. of Ralph Nevil, Earl of West- 
K.G., killed at the battle of Wakefield, 14C0. I moreland. 



r- 



Edward IV. King of George. Duke of Cla-=^Isabel, dau. of Richard Nevil, Earl of Salis 



England, d. 1483. 



rence,K.G., murdered 
in the Tower, 1477. 



bury and Warwick, surnamed the Kingmaker, 



Sir Richard Pole, K.G., d. 1504.=T=Margaret, dau. and heir, Countess of Salis- 
bury; beheaded, 1541. 



Henry Pole, Lord Monlacute, son and heir ;=T=Jane, dau. of George Nevil, Lord of Aber- 
beheaded, 1538. | gavenny. 

I , 



discount ^outbttiell. 



PEDIGREE CXIX. 



Francis, Earl of Huntingdon, K.G., d. 20=f Catherine, eldest dau. and coheir, d. 23 Sept. 
June, 1560, buried at Ashby de la Zouch. 1576. 

I ' 

George, Earl of Huntingdon, d. .31 Dec. lG01.=pDorothy, 2nd dau. and coheir of Sir John 
buried at Ashby de la Zoucli. Port, of Etwall, co. Derby, d. 2 Sept. 1607. 

Francis Lord Hastings, d.v.p. 17 Dec. 1595.=pSarah, dau. of Sir James Harrington, and 

sister of John, Lord Harrington, buried 3 
Oct. 1629, at Ashby. 



r 



Catherine, dau. of Francis, Lord Hastings,=FPhilip, Ist Earl of Chesterfield, d. 12 Sept. 
1st wife. 1 1656. 

I _i 

Henry, Lord Stanhope, K,B., eldest son and=f:Catherine, dau. and coheir of Thomas, Lord 
heir, d.v.p. j Wotton. 

I -" 

Philip, 2nd Earl of Chesterfield, d. I713.=T=Lady Elizabeth Dormer, eldest dau. and co- 

j heir of Charles, Earl of Carnarvon. 3rd wife. 



r 



Mary, eldest dau. of Philip. 2nd Earl of Ches-=FThomas Coke, Esq. of Melbourne, co. Derby 



terfield 



J 



Mary, eldest dau. of Thomas Coke, Esq. of=Y=Thomas, 2nd Baron Southwell, d. 1766. 
Melbourne, »i. in 1715). 

I 
Thomas George, ord Baron, created Viscount=T=Margaret, dau. and coheir of Arthur Cecil 



J. iiuiiitis vjreuigc, oiu uaiuii, uiettieu V iscuuuL-piviargarei, uau. aiiu coiieir oi Ann 
Southwell, 18 July, 1776, d. 1780. Hamilton, Esq. of Castle Hamilton. 

I ' 

rhomas Arthur, 2nd Viscount Southwell, 6.=p:Sophia Maria Josepha, third dau. of Franci 
1742, d. 15 Feb. 1796. I Joseph Walsh, Count de Serrant, in France. 



HLffOmas ^nti^ong §outf)h)fU, K P., presenl=FJane, 2nd dau. of John Berkeley, Esq. of 
and 3rd >7isrount ^OUtlltoell, 19th in direct Hindlip, co. Worcester, and sister of Robert 
descent from Edward 111. King of England. | Berkeley, Esq. of Spetchley. 

Sophia-Catherina-Maria, Laura-Maria- Matilda-Maria, m. 28 Paulina-Eliza-Maria, »i. 

W.7 June, 1830, to Chas. Helena. Sept. 1839, to the Rt. 17 June, 1844, to the 

Auguste, Marquis de Hon. Richard More Count Henri(Carlevaris) 

Choiseul Beaupre. O'Ferrall. di San Damiano. 



PEDIGREE CXX. ^It \]>mV^ ^^{11X10^, 15^X1, 



Etitoaril I. King of England, d. 1307 .=i= Margaret, dau. of Philip, King of France. 

2nd wife. 



T^ 



Edmmld Plantagenet, surnamed of " Wood-=F Margaret, sister and heiress of Thomas, Lord 
stock," Earl of Kent. jWake. 

Joan Plantagenet, " The Fair Maid of Kent,"=T=Sir Thomas Holland, K.G. Lord Holland, 
only dau. and heir of Edmund, Earl of Kent. 

Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent.=T= Lady Alice Fitzalan. 

The Lrdy Alianore Holland, dau- and coheir=F Edward Cherlton, Lord Powys, 
of Thomas, Earl of Kent. 

Joyce Cherlton, 2nd dau. and coheir of Ed-=F Sir John de Tiptoft, d. in 1443. 
ward. Lord Powys. 

Philippa, eldest dau. of Sir John de Tiptoft,=T= Thomas, lOlh Baron de Ros. 
and sister of John, Earl of Worcester. 

Eleanor, eldest dau. and sister and coheir of=i=Sir Robert Manners, Knt. Sheriff of Northum- 
Edmund, 11th Baron de Ros. berland, 33 Henry VH. and M.P. 

J I 

Sir George Manners, who succeeded his^ Anne, dau. and heir of Sir Thomas St. Leger, 



mother in the Barony of De Ros, &c. in 1487, 
d. 1513 



Knt. by his wife, Anne Plantagenet, sister of 
King Edward IV. 

Thomas, 13th Baron de Ros, K.G. created=p Eleanor, dau. of Sir William Paston. 
Earl of Rutland, 18 June, 1525, d. in 1543. 

Henry, 2nd Earl of Rutland, and 14lh Baron:^ Margaret, dau. of Ralph Nevil, Earl ofWest- 
de Ros, K.G. d. 1563. moreland. 

John, 4th Earl of Rutland, succeeded his^ Elizabeth, dau. of Francis Charlton, Esq. of 
brother in 1587. Apley Castle, Salop. 

Lady Bridget Manners, eldest dau.'of John,=f: Robert Tyrwhitt, Esq. of Ketilby, co. Lin- 
4 Ih Earl of Rutland. coin. 

William Tyrwhitt, Esq. of Ketilby.=f Catherine, dau. of Anthony Brown, Viscount 

Montagu. 

Francis Tyrwhitt, Esq. of Ketilby, eldest son and heir, d. 1673. 



Catherine Tyrwhitt, only dau. and heiress. =j= Sir Henry Hunloke, 2nd Bart, of Winger- 
worth, d. 3 Jan. 1714. 



Sir Thomas Windsor Hunloke, 3rd Bart., (/.=p Charlotte, dau. of Sir Robert Throckmorton, 

1752. I Bart. 

^_^_^__ I 

Sir Henry Hunloke, 4lh Bart., d. 15 Nov.=t= Margaret, eldest dau. of Wenman Coke, Esq. 

1804. 1 of Longford, co. Derby. 

I 

Sir Thomas Windsor Hunloke, 5th Bart., rf.=jF Anne, eldest dau. of Thomas Ecdeston, Esq. 



19 Jan. 1816. 



of Scarisbrick Hall, co. Leicester. 



( 1 1 

^iv ?t?cnf|) Pjunlofef, Gth and present Bart. Charlotte, Leon Biodos,=Eliza-Margaret 
of Wingerworth, CO. Derby, 19th in direct elder dau. Marquis de Hunloke, 2nd 

descent from Edward 1. King of England, Casteja. daughter, 

and one of the co-representatives of Joan 
Plantagenet, the Fair Maid of Kent, grand- 
daughter of Edward I., being entitled as 
such, to quarter the Royal Arms. ^ 



C&omas T5arnet)p, Ceq, 



PKDIGREE CXXI. 



lEtHuarH J. King of England.=T=Margaret, dau. of Philip III. King of France, 
1 r' ■ ^•^'- 



d. in 1317. 



Thomas de Brotherton, Earl of Norfolk and=pA!ice, dau. of Sir Roger Halys, Knt., of Har- 
Marshal of England, d. in 1338. I wich. 



Margaret, dau. and eventually sole heir of^Jolin, Lord Segrave, d. 27 Edward III. 1353. 
Thomas de Brotherton ; created Duchess of 
Norfolk in 1398. 



Elizabeth,dau. and heir of John, LordScgrave.=T=John,Lord Mowbray, of Axholme, d. in 1360. 

I 

Thomas Mowbray, Earl of Nottingham, Duke=pElizabeth, dau. of Richard Fitzalan, and 



of Norfolk, and Earl Marshal of England, 
K.G., d. in 1400. 



sister and coheir of Thomas Fitzalan, Earl of 
Arundel. 



Isabel, 2nd dau. of Thomas, and cousin of=^James Berkeley, 6th Lord Berkeley, d. in 
John, Duke of Norfolk, widow of Henry, 1463. 
son and heir of William, Lord Ferrers of 
Grobv, 2nd wife. 



Maurice Berkeley, 8ih Lord Berkeley, s. his=p:Isabel, dau. of Philip Meade, Esq., an Alder- 
elder brother, d. 1506. | man of Bristol. 

I 

Thomas, 10th Lord Berkeley, s. his brother. =f=EIeanor, dau. of Sir Marmaduke Constable, 
Fought at Flodden. of Flamborough, co. York. 

Thomas, 11th Lord Berkeley, d. 19 Sept. 1 534.=,= Anne, dau. of Sir John Savage of Frodsham, 

I ' CO. Chester. 

Henry, 12th Lord Berkeley, rf. 26 Nov. 1613.=j=Catherine, 3rd dau. of Henry Howard, Earl 

I 1 of Surrey. 

Sir Thomas Berkeley, Knt., d.v.p., 22 Nov,=pElizabeth, only dau. and heir of George, 
1611. I Lord Hunsdon, grand-nephew of Queen Anne 

, 1 Boleyn and cousin of Queen Elizabeth. 

George, 13th Lord Berkeley, K.B., d. 10=f=Elizabeth, 2nd dau. and coheir of Sir Michael 
Aug, 1658. Stanhope, of Sudbury, co. Sutfolk. 



George, 14th Lord Berkeley, created Earl of=f=Elizabeth, dau. and coheir of John Massing- 
Berkeley 11 Sept. 1679, d. 14 Oct. 1698. | herd, Esq., Treasurer, E.I.Co. 

Charles, 2nd Earl of Berkeley, K.B., had=f=Elizabeth, dau. of Baptist Noel, Viscount 



been summoned to parliament as Baron 
Berkeley 11 July 1689, d. 24 Sep. 1710. 



Campden. 



The Hon. Henry Berkeley, 3rd son, d. 1736.=i=Mary, only dau. of Henry Cornewall of Bred- 

I 1 wardine Castle, co. Hereford. 

Mary, dau. and eventual heir of the Hon.=pCharles Morton, M.D., Chief Librarian of 
Henry Berkeley, d. 1735. | the British Museum. 

I ' 

Ehzabeth,dau. and heir of Chas. Morton, M.D.=pJames Dansie, Esq. of Sandon, co. Herts. 

I -^ ■ 1 

Elizabeth Dansie,=p Richard Barneby, Esq., of the city Mary Dansie, =pJohn Freeman, 



2nd dau, and co- 
heir. 



of Worcester, 6. 1769, 4th son of eldest dau. and 
Bartholomew Richard Barneby, Esq. coheir, ;». 1798. 
of Brockhampton, co. Hertford. 



Esq. of Gaines. 



Richard, Cfiomas lianifby, Elizabeth, William^ 
in Holy Esq. of Worcester, d. 1845. Barneby, Bar- 
Orders. 18th in direct de- Esq. of neby- 
scent from Edw. I. Clato 
King of England, Park. co. 
and one of the co- Hereford. 

representatives of i ■ 

Thomas de Bro- William, eldest son and 
therton, being en- heir, b. 1846. 

titled as such to 
quarter the Royal 
arms. 



— I I 

:Mary Mary Abigail =p Charles Side- 



Freeman, eldest 
daughter. 



bottom, Esq. 
Barrister at law. 



Fr.\ncis John Sidkbottom, Esq. 
Hon. E.I.C.S., eldest son. 



FEDIGRRBCXXII. 



l^pffin 3of)n mnimm lentftaU, ^0q- 



Kotcrt IStuce, 

King of Scotland. 



I^enrg H5. King of England. 



The : 
Prin- 
cess 
Mar- 
gery, 
dau. of 
Robert 
Bruce. 



=Eleanor, dau. and coheir of Ray- 
mond Berenger, Count of Provence. 



Eleanor, =pEdvvard I. 



dau. of 
Ferdinand 
King of 
Castile. 



England. 



King of ^Margaret, 

dau. of 

Philip III. 

King of 

France. 



Blanche,^ 
Queen 

Dowager 
of Na- 
varre. 



^Edmund, 
Earl of 
Lancaster. 



:WaULT, 
Lord 
High 
Steward 
of Scot- 
land. 



The Prin-=f=HuTnphrey Margaret,=^Edmund 



cess Eliza- 
beth, dau. 

of 
Edward I. 



de Bohun, 

Earl of 
Hereford. 



William ^Elizabeth, 

de Bohun, dau. of 

Earl of Bartholo- 

North- mew de 

ampton. Badles- 

mere. 



Robert 



II. 



King of Scotland. 



sister and 
heir of 

Thomas, 

Lord 
Wake. 



Sir Thos. = 
de Hol- 
land, K.G. 
Lord Hol- 
land, 2nd 
husband. 



r" 



Plantagenet 
surnamed 
" of Wood- 
stock," 
Earl of 
Kent, 
2nd son. 

1 

=Joan Plan- 
tagenet, 
the "Fair 
Maid of 
Kent," m. 
1st, William 
Montacute, 

Earl of 
Salisbury. 



Maud,: 
dau. and 
heir of 

Sir 
Patrick 
Chaworth. 



:Henry, 
Earl of 
Lancaster. 



Richard= 
Fitzalan, 

Earl of 
Arundel. 



"T 



:Lady Ele- 
anor Plan- 
tagenet, 
widow of 
John, Lord 
Beaumont. 



Thomas de=pLady Alice Richard,=p Elizabeth 



Holland, 
2nd Earl 
of Kent. 



Robert III. 
King of 
Scotland. 



r 



Fitzalan, 
dau. of 
Richard, 
Earl of 
Arundel. 



Fitzalan 
Earl of 

Arundel, 

K.G. 



de Bohun, 
dau. of 
William, 
Earl of 
Northamp- 
ton. 



n 



Lady Margaret =F John Beaufort, Sir Rowland =T=Lady Margaret 



Holland, 2nd dau, 
and eventual co- 
heir of Thomas, 
2nd Earl of Kent. 



Marquess of Dor- 
set, son of John of 
Gaunt, Duke of 
Lancaster, by Ka- 
therine Swynford. 
1st husband. 



Lenthall, Master 

of the Robes to 

Henry IV. High 

Sheriff of co. 

Hereford in 

1424. 



Fitzalan, dau. 
and eventual co- 
heir of Richard, 
Earl of Arundel. 



James I., King of -pLady Joan Beaufort, 



Scotland. 



eldest dau. of John, 
Marquess of Dorset. 



James II., King of =j=Mary, dau. of Arnold, 



Katharine, heiress of= 
the Pypards of Latch- 
pod and Haseley, co. 
Oxford. 



Scotland. 



Duke of Gelders. 



=William Lenthall, of 
Lenthall Earls and 
Lenthall Starkes, 
a younger son or 
grandson of Sir Row- 
land Lenthall, d. 28 
June, 1497. 



The Princess Mary,=pJames, Lord Hamil 
relict of Thos. Uoyd, 
Earl of Arran. 



,J 



ton. 



John Hamilton, Earl^Janct, 



of Arran and Lord of 
Bothwell. 



David 

Crick. 



dau. of 
Beaton, 



Sir 
of 



a 



J 



Thomas Lenthall, Esq. of Latchpod and 
Haseley, bur. in HaseleyChurch 16 Jan. 1549. 

Jane, dau. of Sir=r= William Lenthall, 
John Brome of Hoi- Esq of Latchford 
ton Park, co. Oxford, and Haseley, bur. 13 
Oct. 158/. 

1 

c 



IRj^mn Jobn mniiam Jlentball, esq. 



1=KDIGRKE CXXII. 



a 

James, 2nd = 
Earl of Arran 
and Duke of 
Chatelherault. 



_j 



Claude Ham il-^x 
ton, 1st Lord 
Paisley, 3rd 
son, d. 1621. 



=Lady Marga- 
ret Douglas, 
eld. dau. of 
James, 3rd 
Earl of Mor- 
ton. 

"Margaret,dau. 
of George, 
Lord Seaton. 



James Hamil-^ 
ton, 1st Earl 
of Abercorn, 
d. 1G18. 

I 

James, 2nd =?=Catherine, 



:Maria, dau. 
of Thomas, 
5th Lord 
Boyd. 



Earl of Aber- 
corn. 



dau. and heir 
of Gervais, 
Lord Clifton. 



I I 

Sir Edmund -r-Elizabeth, Frances, dau.=pWilliam Lent 



Lcnlhall, 
sou. 



old. 



dau. of Sii" 
Francis 
Stonor, of 
Stonor. 



of Sir Richard 
Southwell of 
St. Faiths. 



s.p. 



liall, Esq. d. 
2 Dec. 1596. 



_L 



Sir John Lent :j= Bridget, Elizabeth,dau.=pWilliam Lent- 



hall of Hase- 
ley, hereditary 
Marshal of the 
King's Bench, 
and member 
of the Long 
Parliament. 



dau. of Sir 
Thomas 
Temple, 
Bart, of 
Stowe. 



of Ambrose 
Evans, Esq. 
of Lodington, 
CO. North- 
ampton. 



hall, Speaker 
of the Long 
Parliament, h. 
1591, d. 1G61. 



relict of Sir 
John Stone- 
house. 



James, Lord Paisley, eld. son,=^Catherine, 2nd dati. of Sir 
d.v.p. John Lenthall, M.P. 



Mary Blewett,— Sir John Lent- 
hall, Col. in 
the Army, 
Governor of 
Windsor Cas- 
tle, and M.P. 
for Gloucester, 
buried in the 
chancel of 
Besscls Leigh 
church,8 Nov. 
1681. 
J 



Charles, 5th Earl of Abercorn,= Catherine Hamilton, only 
2nd husband. ciiild of James, Lord 

Paisley. 



^William Lenthall, Esq. only 
son of Col. Sir John Lenthall, 
d. 5 Sep. 168C. 1st husband. 



John Lenthall, Esq. High Sheriff of Oxford-=pJane, dau. of Sir William Hill, 
shire. 



I 



John Lenthall, Esq. baptized 29 Jan. 1722.=pAnne, dau. of the Rev. Christopher Shute. 



John Lenthall, Esq. of=pSarah, dau. of the Rev. Elizabeth, dau. =pWilliam John 



Burford Priory, High 
Sheriff of Oxfordshire, in 
1787, d. 1820. 

I 

William Lenthall, Esq., 
an officer in the 3rd 
Dragoons, who sold Bur- 
ford Priory and all the 
family estates in Oxford- 
shire. 



John Caswail, d. 1837. 



Rowland Henry Lent- 
hall, Esq. of Kemsey. 



and coheir of Sir 
Thomas Kylfin of 
Maynan Hall, co 
Carnarvon, d. 
1791. 



Lenthall, Esq. 
Bessels Leigh, 
Berks, 6. 1 764. 
1789. 



of 



m. 



Kgffin Jo^n 3l23tIIiam ilEnttall, Esq. of=fMary Anne, eld. dau. of John Ashton, Esq. 



Bessels Leigh, Berks, and Maynan Hall, co. 
Carnarvon, High Sheriff of the county in 
1828 ; 18th in direct descent from Edward 
L King of England. 



of the Grange, co. Chester. 



Edmund Kyffin, eld. son 
and heir, b. 1821. 



William Kyffin, 
b. 1822. 



1 

Francis Kvffin, 
at-law, b. 1824. 



barrister- Mary-Anne. 



'i a 



PEDIGREE CXXIII. 



marquess of ClanricarDe. 



lEillDarlr IIJUI. King of England, d. 21=Philippa, dau. of William, Earl of 
June, 1371. Hainault. 



1. 



I — 
Ed- 



ward 

the 

Black 

Prince. 



2. Lionel, =r= 
of Ant- 
werp, 

Duke of 

Cliirence 
K.G. d. 
1368. 



Rich- 
ard II. 
d.s.p. 
1399. 



r -» 

Philippa, =j= 

only child 

& heiress 

of Lionel 

Plantage- 

net. 



Lady Eli- 4. Ed- = 
zabeth de mund. 
Burgh, of 

dau. of Lang- 
William, ley, 
Earl of Duke 
Ulster. of 

York, 
K.G., 
rf.]402. 

:EdmundMortimer, 
Earl of March, d. 
1352. 



, 

Isabel, 5. Thos.= 
dau. & of Wood- 
coheir stock, 

of Duke of 
Peter, Glouces- 
King ter, mur- 
of Cas- dered at 
tile. Calais, 
in 1397. 



Roger : 
Mortimer 
Earl of 
March, 
Lord 
Lieut, of 
Ireland, 
d. 1399. 



:Eleanor, dau. and 
coheir of Thomas 
Holland, Earl of 
Kent, son of Thos. 
Earl of Kent, by 
Joan Plantagenet, 
only child of Ed- 
mund, Earl of 
Kent, 3rd son of 
Edward I. 



Eleanor, 
dau- and 
coheir of 
Humph- 
rey de 
Bohun, 
Earl of 
Hereford 
and Es- 
sex. 



Catherine, = 
dau. of Sir 

Payne 
Roet, Knt. 
and relict 
ofSirOtho 
Swynford, 
Knt. 



Wil- 
liam 
Bour- 
chier, 
Earl 

of 
Ewe, 
3rd 
hus- 
band. 



Anne Mortimer, = 
only dau. & even- 
tually heir of Ro- 
ger.Earl of March. 



=Richard Plantage- 
net, Earl of Cam- 
bridge, son of PJd- 
mund of Langley, 
beheaded 1414. 



Lady Isabel Plantage- 
net, only dau. of Ri- 
chard, Earl of Cam- 
bridge. 



Cicely Bourchier, only= 
dau., sister and sole 
heiress of Henry, Earl 
of Essex. 



Walter Devereux,Vis-= 
count Hereford, K.G., 
d. 27 Sept. 1558. 



Sir Richard Devcrcux,= 
of Bodenham, d.v.p. 
13 Oct. 1517. 



■ Lady =p 
Anne 
Plan- 
tagenet, 
dau. and 
coheir of 
Thomas 

of 
Wood- 
stock, 
and wi- 
dow of 
Thomas, 
Earl of 
Stafford. 



Edmund, Margaret, ^ 
Earl of dau. and 
Staff'ord, eventual 
2nd hus- coheir of 
band. Thomas 
Holland, 
Earl of 
Kent, 
grandson 
of Ed- 
avard I. 



n 

3. John of 
Gaunt, 
Duke of 

Lancaster, 
King of 

Castile & 

Leon, d. 

in 1399. 



JohnBeau- 
fort. Mar- 
quess of 
Dorset, 
Earl of 
Somerset, 
K.G. 



Humph- -- 
rey Staf- 
ford, 
Duke of 
Bucking- 
ham, 
K.G. 



=Anne, 
dau. of 
Ralph 
Neville, 
Earl of 
West- 
more- 
land. 



Eleanor, 
dau. of 
Richard 
Beau- 
champ, 
Earl of 
Warwick 



=p Edmund 
Beaufort, 
Duke of 
Somerset, 
Marquess 
of Dorset, 
K.G., d. 
1455. 



=Hcnry Bourchier,Earl 
of Ewe and Essex, d. 
in 1483. 



=John Devereux, Lord 
Ferrers, of Chartley, 
summoned to parlia- 
ment from 3rd till 1 2th 
year of Henry VII. 

=Mary, dau. of Thomas 
Grey, Marquess of 
Dorset. 



=DorothyHastings,dau. 
of George, 1st Earl of 
Huntingdon. 



Humphrey Stafford, = 
Earl of Stafford, (son 
of Humphrey, Duke of 
Buckingham), slain at 
St. Albans, v.p, 

Catherine, dau. of Ri-= 
chard Widville, Earl 
Rivers, K.G., and sis- 
ter of Elizabeth.Queen 
of Edward IV. 

Eleanor,dau. of Henry= 
Percy, 4th Earl of 
Northumberland. 



Lady Margaret Beau- 
fort, dau. and even- 
tual coheir of Ed- 
mund, Duke of So- 
merset. 

I 

= Henry,DukeofBuck- 
ingham, Constable of 
England, K.G., be- 
headed in 1483. 



^Edw. Stafford, Duke 
of Buckingham, K.G. 
beheaded on Tower 
Hill, 1524. 



Thos. Howard, Duke=FLady Elizabeth Staf- 



of Norfolk, 
1554. 



K.G., d. 



a 



ford, dau. of Edward, 
Duke of Bucking- 
ham. 

1 

b 



a^arquess of ClanricarDe. 



PEDIGREE CXXIII. 



a 

I 

Walter Dcvereux.Earl: 
of Essex, Viscount 
Hereford, and Lord 
Ferrers of Chartley, 
K.G., d. 22 Sept. 1576. 



=Lcttice, dau. of Sir 
Francis KnoUys, K.G. 
by Catherine Gary, his 
wife, niece of Anna 
Boleyne, Queen Con- 
sort of Henry VHI., 
and 10th in descent 
from Edward I. 



Frances, dau. of John =^IIenry Howard, Earl 



Vere, Earl of Oxford. 



Henry Berkeley, Lord ■ 
Berkeley, d. 26 Nov. 
1613. 



of Surrey, the Poet, 
beheaded v.p. 1540. 



I 



rLadyCatherine How- 
ard, dau. of Henry, 
Earl of Surrey, d. 7 
April, 1596. 



Robert Devoreux,Earl=f=Frances, dau. and heir Sir George Shirley ,=FFrances Berkeley, 



of Essex, K.G., the 
favourite of Queen 
Elizabeth, beheaded 
25 Feb. 1601. 



of Sir Francis Wals- 
ingham, and widow of 
the renowned Sir Phi- 
lip Sidney. 



Bart, of Stanton Ha- 
rold, d. 27 April, 1 622. 



dau. of Henry, Lord 
Berkeley. 



The Lady Dorothy Devereux, sister and heir=T= 
of Robert, Earl of Essex, the parliamentary 
General, m. in 1015. 



=Sir Henry Shirley, Bart, of Stanton Harold, 
High Sherilf of Leicestershire, 1625, d. 8 
Feb. 1632. 



Lettice, only dau. of Sir=pWilliam, 7th Earl of Clan- 



Henry Shirley, Bart. 1st 
wife. 



ricarde, rf. 1087. 



Sir Robert Shirley, Bart., ancestor 
of the Earls Ferrers, of the Lady 
Selina Bathurst, and of Mrs. Mary 
Butt, (see next pedigree.) 



John, 9th Earl of Clanricarde, Colonel in= 
King James' Army, succeeded his elder 
brother, d. 1722. 



Michael, 10th Earl of Clanricarde d. 29 Nov.: 
1726. 



■Bridget, dau. of James Talbot, Esq. 



:Anne, widow of Hugh Parker, Esq. and eld. 
dau. and coheir of The Right Hon. John 
Smith, of Tedworth, Speaker of the House of 
Commons. 



John Smith, 11th Earl of Clanricarde, d. 21=^Hester, yoimgest dau. of Sir Henry Vincent, 
April, 1782. I Bart. 



John Thomas, 13th Earl of Clanricarde, Gene-^Eliza, dau. of Sir Thomas Burke, Bart, of 
ral in the Army, b. 1744, d. 27 July, 1808. | Marble Hill, co. Galway. 

I ' 

5-4Iir& JiO^n Tit litirgfj, 14th Earl of Clan-=pHarriet, only_dau. of Viscountess Canning, 
ricarde, created Marquess of Clanricarde, in -■ - . . — ^. 

June, 1826. 



and the late Right Hon. George Canning. 



_L 



Ulick Canning, Lord Dunkelliu, 
eldest son and heir. 



T 

Hubert. 



Six daughters. 



PEDIGREE cxxiv. ^zsctut^ of MCO- % OBtiDi?, ^3., aiili of ftis 

dTvom eKioaitJ efi. miitg; of ((cnslanU, 



ISUtDarD IM. King of England, d. 21= 
June, 1371. 



=PJiilippa, dau. of William, Earl of 
Hainault. 



I 1 

I. Ed. 2. Lionel,: 
WARD ofAnt- 
the -werp, 

Black Duke of 
Prince. Chiniice, 
K.G. d. 
1368. 



Ricii- 

AUD II 
C/.S )). 

1399. 



Philippa, r^ 
only child 
& heiress 
of Lionel 
Plantage- 
net. 



4. Ed- = 
niund, 

of 
Lang- 
ley, 
Duke 

of 
York, 
K.G., 
rf.l402. 
EdmundMortimer, 
Earl of March, d. 
1352. 



Lady Eli- 
zabeth de 
Burgh, 
dau. of 
William, 
Earl of 
Ulster. 



Roger 
Mortimer 
Earl of 
March, 
Lord 
Lieut, of 
Ireland, 
d. 1399. 



Eleanor, dau. and 
coheir of Thomas 
Holland, Earl of 
Kent, son of Thos. 
Earl of Kent, by 
Joan Plantagenct. 
only child of Ed- 
mund, Earl of 
Kent, 3rd son of 
Edward I. 



Isabel, 
dau. & 
coheir 

of 
Peter, 
King 
of Cas- 
tile. 



Wil- 
liam 
Bour- 
chier, 
Earl 
of 
Ewe, 
3rd 
hus- 
band. 



5..Thos.= 
of Wood- 
stock, 
Duke of 
Glouces- 
ter, mur- 
dered at 

Calais, 
in 1397. 



Anue Mortimer, = 
only dau. & even- 
tually heir of Ro- 
ger, Earl of March. 



:Richard Plantage- 
nct, Earl of Cam- 
bridge, son of Ed- 
mund of Langley, 
beheaded 1414. 



Lady Isabel Plantage-= 
net, only dau. of Ri- 
chard, Earl of Cam- 
bridge. 



Cicely Bourchier, only= 
dau., oister and sole 
heiress of Henry, Earl 
of Essex. 



Walter Devereux,Vis-= 
count Hereford, K.G., 
d. 27 Sept. 1558. 



:Henry Bourchier,Earl 
of Ewe and Essex, d. 
in 1483. 



John Devereux, Lord 
Ferrers, of Chartley, 
summoned to parlia- 
ment from 3rd till 12lh 
year of Henry VII. 
=Mary, dau. of Thomas 
Grey, Marquess of 
Dorset. 



Sir Richard Dcvcrcux,=pDorothyHastings,dau. 
of Bodenham, d.v.p. of George, 1st Earl of 
13 Oct. 1547. Huntingdon. 



I 

Walter Devereux, Earb 
of Essex, Viscount 
Hereford, and Lord 
Ferrers of Chartley, 
K.G., d. '22 Sept. 1576. 



r 
(I 



I 



= Lettice, dau. of Sir 
Francis Knollys, K.G. 
by Catherine Gary, his 
wife, niece of Anna 
Boleyne, Queen Con- 
sort of Henry VIII., 
and 10th in descent 
from Edward I. 



■ Lady = 
Anne 
Plan- 
tagenct, 
dau. and 
coheir of 
Thomas 

of 
Wood- 
stock, 
and wi- 
dow of 
Thomas, 
Earl of 
Stafford. 



^Eleanor, 
dau- and 
coheir of 
Humph- 
rey de 
Bohun, 
Earl of 
Hereford 
and Es- 
sex. 

=Edmund, Margaret, ^ 
Earl of dau. and 
Stafford, eventual 
2nd lius- coheir of 



Catherine,: 
dau. of Sir 

Payne 
Roet, Knt. 
and relict 
ofSirOtho 
Swynford, 
Knt. 



band. 



Thomas 
Holland, 
Earl of 
Kent, 
grandson 
of Ed- 
ward I. 



■■ 3. John of 
Gaunt, 
Duke of 

Lancaster, 
King of 

Castile & 

Leon, d. 

in 1399. 

'— 1 
=i=JohnBeau- 
fort, Mar- 
quess of 
Dorset, 
Earl of 
Somerset, 
K.G. 



Humph- 
rey Staf- 
ford, 
Duke of 
Bucking- 
ham, 
KG. 



=Anne, 
dau. of 
Ralph 
Neville, 
Earl of 
West- 
more- 
land. 



Eleanor, 
dau. of 
Richard 
Beau- 
champ, 
Earl of 
Warwick 



Edmund 
Beaufort, 
Duke of 
Somerset, 
Marquess 
of Dorset, 
K.G., d. 
1455. 



Humphrey Stafford, - 
Earl of Stafford, (son 
of Humphrey, Duke of 
Buckingham), slain at 
St. Albans, v.p. 

Catherine, dau. of Ri-= 
chard Widville, Earl 
Rivers, K.G., and sis- 
ter of Elizabeth, Queen 
of Edward IV. 
Eleanor,dau. of Henry= 
Percy, 4th Earl of 
Northumberland. 



Thos. Howard, Dukc= 
of Norfolk, K.G., d. 
1554. 



Lady Margaret Beau- 
fort, dau. and even- 
tual coheir of Ed- 
mund, Duke of So- 
merset. 

=Henry,DukeofBucIi- 
ingham. Constable of 
England, K.G., be- 
headed in 1483. 



=Edw. Stafford, Duke 
of Buckingham, K.G. 
beheaded on Tower 
Hill, 1524. 

1 

Lady Elizabeth Staf- 
ford, dau. of Edward, 
DukeofB uckingham . 



Frances, dau. of John =y^Henry Howard, Earl 



Vere, Earl of Oxford 



Henry Berkelcy,Lord ■ 
Berkeley, d. 2G Nov. 
1G13. 



of Surrey, the Poet, 
beheaded v.p. 1546. 



LadyCatherine How- 
ard, dau. of Henry, 
Earl of Surrey, d. 7 
April, 1596. 



b 



sister ^atp, toife of Eeti. p. 3. iButt, ^♦a. pedigree cxxn . 

tljroug!) all four of l)ii Surbtfaing Sons!. 



Robert Devereux, Earl=j=Franccs, dau. and heir Sir George Shirley ,=T=Frances Berkeley, 



of Essex, K.G., the 
favourite of Queen 
Elizabeth, beheaded 
25 Feb. 1601. 



of Sir Francis Wals- Bart, of Stanton Ha- 
inghani, and widow of rold, (i. 27April,162'2. 
the renowned Sir Phi- 
lip Sidney. 



dau. of Henry, Lord 
Berkeley. 



The Lady Dorothy Devereux, sister and heir= 
of Robert, Earl of Essex, the parliamentary 
General, m. in 1GJ5. 



:Sir Henry Shirley, Bart, of Stanton Harold, 
High Slieriff of Leicestershire, 1G25, d. 8 
Feb. 1632. 



Sir Robert Shirley, Bart., m.=pDorothy, dau. of Humphrey 



in 1G46. 



Okeover, Esq. of Okeover, 
CO. Stafi'ord 



Sir Robert Shirley, Bart., Lord Ferrers, ere 
ated Earl Ferrers, 1711, rf.25 Dec. 1717. 



Lettice, m. to William, Earl 
of Clanricarde, a quilius Ulick 
John, present Marquess of 
Clanricarde, see preceding pe- 
digree. 
=j:Selina, dau. of George Finch, Esq. of Lon- 
don, m.in 1699, d. 1762. 



The Lady Selina Shirley, dau. of Robert, lst=j=Peter Balhurst,Esq. M.P.,of Clarendon Park, 



Earl Ferrers, b. 2 July, 1701, d. 14 Dec. 1777, 
and was buried at Laverstock, near Salisbury ; 
will dated 1 Sept. 1777, proved 22 Dec. fol- 
lowing. 



Wilts, next brother to Allen, 1st Earl of 
Bathursl, b. in St. James' Square, West- 
minster, 22 April, 1687, m. 13 Oct. 1720, d. 
25 April, 1748. 



Mary Bathurst, dau. of Pe-=FThe Rev. Hollyer Allen, A.B., of St. John's College, Oxon, 



ter Bathurst, Esq. M.P., 
6.24 March, 172.5. 



afterwards Curate of Michelmersh, Hants, and Rector of Rod- 
ney Stoke, CO. Somerset, son of the Rev. William Allen, of 
Odiam, Hants, buried at Wookey, co. Somerset, 4 Oct. 1771. 



William Hollyer The Rev. John Eddy, A.M., Chaplain of AlI=pAnne Allen, h. at Michel- 



Allen, Esq. Capt. Souls College, Oxon. and afterwards Vicar of 
Royal Marines, Toddington, and of Didbrook, co. Gloucester, 
d. s. p. 5 Feb. and Rector of Whaddon, Wilts, son of Thos. 
1806. and Hannah Eddy, b- at Lidney, co. Glou- 

cester, 9 Oct. 1757, d. 9 Nov. 1842. 



mersh, 18 June. 1763, m. 
inSept.l795,c?. SOMarch, 
1843, in Queen Square, 
Bath, and was buried at 
Toddinston. 



fHarp CPUtrB,* b. at=f:TheREV. Phelpes John Hannah, dau.=pijri&e ItCeb. ^q\)\\ dPtrtJg.* 



Toddington, 19 Feb. 
1798, VI. 21 Aug. 
1823. 



Butt, M.A., of Lincoln 
College, Oxford, b. at 
Finchley, Middlesex, 19 
April, 1797. 



of ^Ir. Thomas 
Taylor, b. 25 
July, 1817. 



M.A., of Trinity College, 
Oxon, 6. at Toddington, 
24 Oct. 1801, m. in May, 
1837. 



I I I I I I 

2. John Williaji Sinclair, b. 

ai Dulwich, 22 Oct. 1826. 

3. Arthur James, b. at Dulwich, 
19 Nov. 1828. 

4. Charles Parker, b. at Dul- 
wich. 21 June, 1830 

5. George Holden, 6. at Dul- 
wich, 3 March, 1832. 

8. Henry, b. at Dulwich, 10 
March, 1836. 

9. Gerard Frederick, 6. at 
Hampstead, 10 June, 1838. 



T-r 



1. MaryAnne, 6. in Upper Charles, b. at Frances Ann, 
Seymour Street, Lon- Hailes, Dec. b. at Hailes, 

" 1838. 

John, b. at 
Taunton, 30 
Nov. 1844. 



don, 12 July, 1824. 

6. Frances Almeria, and 

7. Elizabeth Sarah, twins, 
b. at Dulwich, 8 Jan. 
1834. 



13 April,1840. 
Catherine So- 
phia, b. at 
Hailes, 9 Dec. 
1841. 



• 16ih in direct descent from Lionel, Duke of Clarence, and John of Gaunt, Duke of 
Lancaster; and 14tU in direct descent from Edmund, Duke of York, and Thomas, Duke of 
Gloucester, the four surviving sons of Edward III. 

For the continuation of the above Pedigi-ec to Alfred the Great, Edmund Ironside, and 
Charlemagne, see the Descents of Lord Farnham and the Earl of Huntingdon, — Nos. i. and 
xxxvi. 

Note. The above Pedigiee is proved by Post Mortem Inquisitions, the Wills of Lady Selina 
Bathurst, and Henrietta, Viscountess Tracy, by Dugdale's Baronage, and by extracts from 
the Registers of St. James's, Westminster; Michelmer.sh, Hants; Bath, Wookey, and Rod- 
ney Stoke, Somersetshire ; and Toddington, Gloucestershire. 



Pedigree cxxv. 



%it !&cnrp TBolD Ibogbton, iBaxt 



Eleanor of Castile.=p(!nitDar& I. d. 1307.^Margaret of France, dau. of Philip, King of 



1st wife. 



France, and grand-dau. of St. Louis. 2nd wife. 



Edward II. 
d. 1327. 



^Isabel of 
France. 



Edward III.=pPhilippa of 
d. 1377. Hainault. 



Thomas, of Brolherton, 
Earl of Norfolk, 2nd son, 
from whom, in the female 
line, the Howards de- 
scend. 

Sir Thomas Holland, Earl= 
of Kent, K.G., d. 13G0. 



Edmund, of -r-Margaret, sis- 



Woodstock, Earl 
of Kent, 3rd son, 
beheaded 1329. 



ter and heir of 

Thomas, Lord 

Wake. 



I 

Edward 

the 
Black 
Prince. 



Edmund, =plsabel. 



=Joan, only dau. of Edmund, of 
Woodstock, Earl of Kent, sister 
of Edmund, and sister and heir 
of John, both Earls of Kent, d. 
1385. 



Lionel Plan-=FElizabeth 



of Langley, 
Duke of 

York, K.G., 
4th son, 
d. 1402. 



Richard II. 
d.s.p. 



youngest 
dau. and 
heir of 
Peter, King 
of Castile 
and Leon. 



Edmund 
3rd Earl of 
d. 1382. 



tagenet, of 
Antwerp, 
Duke of Cla- 
rence, Earl of 
Ulster, &c., 
K.G., 2d son, 
d. 1368. 

MorUmer,=j=Philippa, dau. and 
heir. 



Thomas =^Alice, dau. 



de Burgh, 
dau. and 
heir of 
William, 
Earl of 
Ulster. 



Holland, 
Earl of 
Kent, d. 
1396. 



March, 



of Richard 
Fitzalan, 
Earl of 
Arundel. 



_J 



Roger, Earl of Marcli=pEleanor, eld. dau.; sister of Thomas Holland, 



and Ulster, Lord 
Lieutenant of Ire- 
land, d. 1399. 



Duke of Surrey, and sister and coheir of 
Edmund Holland, Earl of Kent. 



Richard, Earl of Cambridge, surnamed of: 
/ Coningsburgh, 2iid sun and heir; beheaded 
1414. 



J 



Richard, Duke of York, Protector of England,^ 
K.G., killed al tlie battle of Wakefield, 
1460. 



^Anne, dau. and coheir, after the death of 
her brother, Edmund Mortimer, heir to the 
crown. 

^Cecily, dau. of Ralph Neville, Earl of West- 
moreland. 



I 
Edward IV,, King 

of England, d. 

1483. 



George, Duke of Cla-: 
rence, K.G., murdered 
in the Tower, 1477. 



^Isabel, dau. of Richard Neville, Earl of 
Salisbury and Warwick, surnamed the Kinff- 
maker. 



Sir Richard Pole, K.G., d. 1504.=pMargaret, dau. and heir, Countess of Salis- 
bury ; beheaded 1541. 



Henry Pole, Lord Montacute, son and heir ;^Jane, dau. of George Neville, Lord of Abcr- 
beheaded 1538. 



T 



gavenny. 



Francis, Earl of Huntingdon, K.G., d. 20=f:Catherine, eldest dau. and coheir, d. 23 Sept- 
June, 1560, buried at Ashby de la Zouche. 






157G. 



George, Earl of Huntingdon, fZ. 31 Dec. lCU4,=f Dorothy, 2nd dau. and coheir of Sir John 
buried at Ashby de la Zouche. j Port, of Etwall, co. Derby, d. 2 Sept. 1GU7. 



r- 
a 



J 



^iv Ipmx^ T5olD ©ogjjton, TBart. * edigree cxxv. 



a 

I 



T Sarah, da 
of John, Lord Harrington, buried 3 Oct. 
1629, at ^ 



Francis, Lord Hastings, d. v.p. 17 Dec. 1595.=^Sarah, dau. of James Harrington, and sister 

n, Lord 
Ashby. 



Catherine, elder dan. of Francis, Lord Hast-=T=Philip, 1st Earl of Chesterfield, d. 12 Sept. 
ings, d. 28 Aug. 1636. | 1656. 



T' 



Lady Sarah Stanhope, elder dau. of Philip,=pSir Richard Hoghton. Bart, of Hoghton, M.P. 



1st Earl of Chesterfield. 



for Lancashire, d. 1676. 



Sir Charles Hoghton, Bt. of Hoghton, M.P. =pMarj', eldest daughter of John Skeppington, 
for Lancashire, d. in 1710. 2nd Viscount Massareene. 



Philip Hoghton, Esq. 2nd son of Sir Charles=f=Elizabeth, dau. of Thomas Sclater, Esq. of 
Hoghton, Bt. Denham, co. Lancaster. 



Sir Henry Hoghton, 6th Bart of Hoghton,=pFanny, dau. and coheir of Daniel Booth, Esq, 



M.P., d. in 1796. 



of H tton Hall, Essex. 



Sir Henry Philip Hoghton, Bart, of Hoghton,=T=Susannah, only dau. and heir of Peter Brooke, 
d.in 1835. Esq. of Astley, and relict of Thomas Town- 

ley Parker, Esq. 



^tr i^eiirp Colli ji^ogflton, Bart, of Hoghton, =pDorothea, dau. and eventual heir of the late 
b. iii 1799". Peter Patten Bold, Esq. of Bold, d. in 1840. 

I 

Henry, eldest son and heir. 



PEDIGREE CXXVI. 



%)ix lobn J^alU T5act. 



|[^enr8 llh King of^Eleanor, dau. and coheir of Raymond 



England. 



Berenger, Count of Provence. 



Edward I. King of=pMargaret, dau. of Blanche, = 
England. Philip III. King Queen Dow- 

of France. ager of Na. 

varre. 



Kobcrt Urucc, 

King of Scotland. 

^Edmund, Earl Margery=pWalter, 



of Lancaster. 



dau. of 
Robert 
Bruce. 



n 



Edmund Plantage-=f= Margaret, sister Maud, dau. =pHenry, Earl 



net, surnam'''! ' of 
Woodstock," Earl 
of Kent. 



and heir of Thos. and heir of Sir ' of Lancaster. 
Lord Wake. Patrick Cha- 

worth. 



Lord 
High 
Steward 
of Scot- 
land, 



Edward ^Joan Planta-^^Sir Thomas Richard Fitz^ 



THE 

Black 
Prince. 
3rd husb. 



H 



genet, the Fair 
Maid of Kent, 
tn. William 
Montacute, 
Earl of Salis- 
bury. I 



de Hoi- Alan, Earl of 
land, K.G. A.rundel,K.G. 
Lord Hol- 
land. 
2nd husb. 



^-1 

:Lady Eleanor 
Plantagenet, 
widow of 
.John, Lord 
Beaumont. 



Robert H. King of 
Scotland. 



King Richard IL Thomas de Hol-=pLady Alice Fitz Alan, 
land, 2nd Earl of 
Kent. 



Robert IIL King 
of Scotland. 



John Beaufort, Marquess=f Lady Margaret=Thomas Plantagenet, 
of Dorset, son of John of 
Gaunt, Duke of Lan- 
caster, by Katherine 
Swynford. 1st huband. 



Holland, 2nd Duke of Clarence, 
dau. and even- 2nd husband, 
tual coheir. 



Lady Joan Beaufort, eld. dau.=r=JAMEs I. King of Scotland. 

James IL King of Scotland.=pMary, of Gueldres, dau. of Arnold, Duke of 

I Gueldres. 



The Princess Mary, relict of Thomas Boyd,^James, 2nd Lord Hamilton. 
Earl of Arran. 



James Hamilton, Earl of Arran, and Lord of^Janet, dau. of Sir David Beaton, of Crick. 
Bothwell. 



James, 2nd Earl of Arran, and Duke of Cha-^Lady Margaret Douglas, eldest dau. and co- 



telhevault, d. 1575. 



heir of James, 3rd Earl of Morton. 



John, 1st Marquess of Hamilton, d. 12 April,=pMargaret, only dau. of John, 8th Lord Gla- 
1604. I mis. 

r -^ 

James, 2nd Marquess of Hamilton, and 4tli-pLady Anne Cunninghame, dau; of James, 7 th 



Earl of Arran, rf. 1025. 



Earl of Glencairn. 



James, 1st Duke of Hamilton, beheaded^Mary, dau. of William, 1st Earl of Denbigh. 
1649. 



H-pi' 



Lady Anne Hamilton, Duchess of Hamilton. =T=William Douglas, Earl of Selkirk, and after- 

I wards Duke of Hamilton. 



a 



%it 3[oI)n ©all, IBaxi 



PEDIGREE CXXVI. 



Lord Basil Hamilton, 6th son.=pMary, dau. and sole heir of Sir David Dun- 
bar, Bart, of Baldoon, co. Wigton. 



Basil Hamilton, Esq. son and heir.=j=Isabclla, dau. of the Hon. Colonel Alexander 

Mackenzie, third son of Kenneth, Earl of 
Scaforth. 



Dunbar Hamilton, Esq. of Baldoon, 4ih Earl=j=Helen, 5th dau. of the Hon. John Hamilton 



of Selkirk, assumed the surname of " Doug- 
las," d. 1799. 



m. 1758. 



Lady Helen Douglas, 2nd dau. of Dunbar,=T:Sir James Hall, Bart, of Dunglass, co. Had 



Earl of Selkirk 



dington. 



rtr Jofin Pjall, sth=pJulia, dau. 



Bart, of Dunglass, 
CO. Haddington, m. 
23 Jan., 1823, 19ih 
in direct descent 
from Hknrv HI. 
King of England. 



of James 
Walker, 
Esq. of 
Dairy. 



Capt. Basil 
Hall, R.N. 
d. 1844. 

4^ 



"T 



James Magdalen, 



Hall, 
Esq. 



I 

James, eldest 

son and heir. 



_L 



1 

Other 
issue. 



m. 1st, Sir 
William 
Delancy, 
slain at 
Waterloo, 
and 2ndly, 
Henry Har- 
vey, Esq. 



Elizabeth, 
»H to the 
Rev. G. P. 
Boileau 
Pollen. 



1 

Catherine, 
m, to Sir 
James 
Russell, 
K.C.B. 



2 '-. 



PEDIGREE CXXVIII- 



3IoI)n CoUemacfic, ^sq. 



J^cnv;^ iih King of England.=r=Elcanor, dau. and coheir of Raymond 

Berenger, Count of Provence. 



Edwakd I. King of=pMargaret, dau. of 



England. 



Pliilip, King of 
France. 



Blanche, Queen Dow-: 
ager of Navarre. 



^Edmund Plantagenet, 
Earl of Lancaster. 



Lady Eliza-=T=Humphrcy EDWARD=pEleanor, 



belh Plan- 
tagenet, 5th 
dau. of Ed- 
ward L 



de Bohun, 
Earl of 
Hereford. 



II. 

King of 
England. 



dau. of 
Ferdi- 
nand III. 
King of 
Castile. 



Margaret,: 
sister and 
heir of 
Thomas, 
Lord 
Wake. 



^Edmund Planta- 
genet, surnamed 
of Woodstock, 
Earl of Kent, 2nd 
son of Edward I. 



Maud, 
dau. and 
heir of Sir 
Patrick 
Cha- 
worth. 



=pHenry, 
Earl of 
Lan- 
caster. 



Lady Elea- =T=James But- Edward ^^Philippa, EdwarD' 



nor de Bo- 
hun, dau. of 
the Earl of 
Hereford. 



ler, Earl of III. 
OrmondjSO King of 
created, England. 
1328. d. 
L337-8. 



dau. of 
William, 
of Haln- 
ault. 



the 
Black 
Prince, 
3d hus- 
band. 



:Joan Planta- 
genet, The 
Fair Maid of 
Kent, m. 1st, 
William Mon- 
tacute. Earl of 
Salisbury. 



=pSirTho- Rich- 
mas de ard 
Holland, Fitz 



King Richard II. 



K.G., 

Lord 
Holland, 
2d hus- 
band. 



Alan, 
Earl 
of 
Arun- 
del. 



~i 



1 

:Lady 

Eleanor 
Planta- 
genet, 
widow 
ofJohn, 
Lord 
Beau- 
mont. 



Butler, 
2nd 
Earl 
of Or- 
monde 
d.l3JJ2. 



Earl of 
Wood- 
stock, 
Duke of 
Glouces- 
ter.young- 
est son of 
Edward 
III. 



dau. and of Ant- 
coheir of werp, 
Hum- Duke 
phrey de of Cla- 
Bohvm, rence. 
Earl of Earl of 
Here- Ulster, 
rd. 



abeth de 
Burgh, 
dau. and 
heiress of 
William, 
Earl of 
Ulster. 
1st wife. 



Langley, de Hoi- 
Duke of Iand,2d 



James =pElizabeth, Thomas, =pEleanor, Lionelj^y^LadyEliz- Isabel, =pEdmund Thomas=f=Lady 

youngest 
dau. and 
coheir of 
Peter, 
King of 



dau. of Sir 
John Dar- 
cy, Lord 
Justice of 
Ireland. 



James =pAnnei 



Butler, 
.3rd 
Earl 
of Or- 
monde, 
d.l405. 



dau. of 
John, 
Lord 
Welles. 



I 

The 

Princess 
Anne 
Planta- 
genet. 



Castile 
andLeon. 
1st wife. 



James =Joan, 



Butler, 
4 th 
Earl 
of Or- 
monde, 
Lord 
Justice 
of Ire- 
land, d. 
in 1452. 



Humphrey '■ 
de Stafford, 
6th Earl of 
Stafford, 
created 
Duke of 
Bucking- 

Kildare, ham, 1444. 

Istwife. I 



dau. Oi 
Gerald, 
5th 
Earl of 



^Edmund 
Earl of 
Stafford, 
K.G., 2d 
husband. 

:Lady Anne 
Neville, 
dau. of 
Ralph, 1st 
Earl of 
West- 
moreland. 



r- 

Philippa - 
Plantage- 
net, only 
child and 
heiress. 



I 

Roger 
Morti- 
mer, 4 th 
Earl of 
March. 



^Edmund 
Morti- 
mer, 3rd 
Earl of 
March. 



=f=Eleonora, 
dau. of 
Thomas, 
Earl of 
Kent. 



r 



York, & 
Earl of 
Cam- 
bridge. 



Earl of 
Kent. 



Alice 
Fitz 
Alan, 
dau. 
of Ri- 
chard 
Earl of 
Arun- 
del. 



Thomas 
Montacute, 
Earl of 
Salisbury. 



=f Lady Ele- 
anor Hol- 
land, 4th 
dau. and 
coheir. 



Richard 
Nevil, Earl 
of Salisbury 
K.G. 2d son 
of Ralph, 
1st Earl of 
Westmore- 
land. 



) 

=^Lady Alice 
Monta- 
cute, only 
dau. and 
heir. 



1 



Humphrey, =^Margarct, Anne Mor ^j^Richard William, Lord =^Lady Kaihe- 



Earl of Staf- 
ford, d.v.p. 



Thomas^f Anne, 
Butler, dau. 
7th Earl .and 
of Or- heir 
monde, of Sir 
s. his Rich- 
elder ard 
brother, Hank- 
d. in ford. 
1515. 

I -" 

a 



Henry de^ 
Stafford, 
2d Duke 
of Buck- 
ingham. 



dau. and 
coheir of 
Edmund, 
Duke of 
Somerset. 

^Catherine, 
dau. of 
Richard 
Widville, 
Earl of 
Rivers. 



Planta- 
genet, 
Earl of 
Cam- 
bridge, 
only sur- 
viving 
son. 
Richard Plan-=FCicely, 



timer, only 
dau. of Ro- 
per, 3rd 
Earl of 
March. 



Harrington and 
Bonville, slain 
at the battle of 
Wakefield, un- 
der the Yorkist 
banner. 



rine Nevil, 
sister of Ri- 
chard, the 
renowned 
Earl of War- 
wick. 



Thomas Grey, =f Cecelie, dau 



tagonet, Duke 
of York, Pro- 
tector of Eng- 
land, only son, 
fell at Wake- 
field, 14G0. r- 
c 



dau. of 

Ralph 

Neville, 

I']arl of 

M'est- 

moreland 



Marquess of 
Dorset, K.G., 
d. in 1501. 



and heir of 
William, 
Lord Bon- 
vile and Har- 
rington. 



I 



3lo6n Collemacbe, €.6t|. 



PEDKiREK CXXVni. 



Lady Annc=T=Sir James 
Butler, eld- St. Leger, 
est dau. Kat. 
and coheir. 



I 

Sir George 
St. Leger, 
Knt., She- 
rilf of De- 
von, 22 
Henry VIL 



I 

Edward : 
Stafford, 
3d Duke 
of Buck- 
ingham. 



^Anne.dau. 
of Edmund 
Knevyt, of 
Bucking, 
ham. 



Lady 
Mary 
Siafl'ord. 



pLady Alia- 
noru Percy, 
dau. of 
Henry, 
Earl of 
Northum- 
berland. 

:GeorgcNe- 
vill, Lord 
Aberga- 
venny. 



Anne Plan la- '• 
genet, sister of 
Edward IV. 
King of Eng- 
land. 



:Sir Tho- 
mas St. 
Leger, 
Knt. 2d 
husband 



Robert, =pLady Do- 



Lord Wil- 
loughby 
de Broke, 
d. in 1022. 



rothy 
Grey, eld- 
est dau. 



John Pou-T=Elizabeth, 



Anne St. =FSir Geo.RIan- 



Lcger, 
only dau. 

and 
heiress. 



ners, Lord 
Ros, to wliich 
Barony he a. 
on tlie death 
of his mother, 
in 1.187 ; d. 
ui 1513. 



lett. Mar- 
quess of 
Winches- 
ter. 



dau. of Ro- 
bert, Lord 
Willough- 
by de 
Broke. 



Sir John St.-i-Catherine, Thomas Manners, 13th=pEleanor, dau 



Leger of 
Annery, 
Devon, 
High She- 
rifl- in 15G2. 



r 



dau. of 
George, 
Lord Aber- 
gavenny. 



Lord Ros, K.G,, eldest 
son, created Earl of 
Kutland,18 June, 1528, 
d. 1543. I 



of Sir Wil- 
liam Paston, 
2ud wife. 



Henry, =j=LadyMary 
Lord Poulett, 
Cromwell. | elder dau. 

1 I 

SirLionel Tol-=pCatherine, 



Lady Eliza-= 
beth Man- 
ners. 



Mary St.Le-^Sir Richard Granville,Knt. 
ger, eldest ofStowe,Admiral <e?«/).Eli- 
dau. and zabeth, representative of 
coheir of Richard de Granville, Earl 
Sir John St of Corbeil, a descendant of 
St. Leger. Rollo, the Dane. 



1 

Grace Sa- 
vage. 



=Sir John 

Savage, 

Knt. 



lemache, Knt., 
created a Bt. 
1611. 

Elizabeth, dau. 
of John, Lord 
Stanhope, of 
Harrington. 



only dau. of 
Henry, Lord 
Cromwell. 



-Sir Lionel 
Tollemache, 
2nd Bart. 



=f=SIr Richard 
Wilbraham, 
Bart., of 
Woodhey, 
d. 1643. 



Sir Bernard Granville,=pElizabeth, dau. Sir Thomas =y^Elizabeth, 



of Bideford, M.P. for 
Bodmin. 



r 



and heir of Phi- 
lip Bevil, Esq. 



Wilbraham, 
2nd Bart. 



Sir Bevil Granville, =pGrace, dau. of Sir r 



Knt. of Bideford, the 
gallant Cavalier Com- 
mander. 



dau. and co- 
heir of Six 
Roger Wil- 
braham. 



George Smith, 
Knt. .of Exeter. 



onel 
Tolle- 
mache, 
3rd 
Bart. 



Lady Elizabeth===Sir Li- 
Murray, eldest 
dau. & heir of 
William Mur- 
ray, 1st Earl of 
Dysart, s. her 
father as Coun- 
tess of Dysart, 
m. 2ndly, 
1G71-2, John, 
Duke of Lau- 
derdale, d. 24 
Aug. 1G97. 



John Granville, ere- =^Jane, dau. of Sir 



ated Earl of Bath, 
1661, d. in Aug 1701. 



Peter Wiche, 
Comptroller of 
the Household 
to Charles I. 



Sir Thomas =f=Elizabeth, 
Wilbraham, dau. and co- 
3rd Barl. heir of Ed- 
) ward, Milton 

f— — — -^ of Weston. | i 

Grace, elder dau. and coheir^Lionel Tollemache, s. 
of Sir Thomas Wilbraham, | his mother as 2iid Earl 
3rd Bart. j of Dysart, rf. 1727. 

Miss Cavendish .=i=Lionel Tollemache, Lord Hunting- 
( tower, d.v.p. 1712, 



Lady Grace Carteret, eldest dau. of John, 1st Earl of Bath.=T= Lionel Tollemache, 3rd Earl of Dy 

, 1 sart, K.T., b. 1707. 

Lady Jane Tollemache, youngest dau. of Lionel, 3rd Earl=T= John Delap Halliday, Esq. of Lea- 
of Dysart, m. 2ndly, G. D. Ferry, Esq., d. 28 Aug. 1802. ( sowes, co. Salop, 1st husband. 

I ' 

John Richard Delap Tollemache, Esq. \ ice Admiral of the=f= Lady Elizabeth Stratford, dau. of 
Red, eldest son, assumed the surname of Tollemache, who 
d. in 1837, 



John, 3rd Earl of Aldborough. 



r 



5lotin CoIIemarfir,, Esq. of Helmingham Hall, co, Suffolk,: 
Pickforton Castle, and Tilston Lodge, co. Cheshire, a 
Magistrate and Deputy Lieut, and M.P. for the county 
of Chester; 16th in direct descent from Edward HI. 
King of Fuglaml. 



^Georgiana. dau, of Thomas Best, 
Esq. and Lady Emily Stratford. 



William Frederick, b. 1U32. Lionel Arthur, 6. 1838. 



PEDIGREE CXXIX. 



a9r0. a. e^. C (^to^nne iDolfom. 



Margaret, dau. of Philip III. of France,=T=iHtliDarI H. King of=pEleanor, dau. of Ferdinand III., 



2nd wife. 



J 



England. 



Thomas Plantagenet,=f=Alice, dau. of Edward II. King 



surnamed de Brother- 
ton, Earl of Norfolk. 



Roger Halys, 
Knt. 



England. 



King of Castile, 1st wife. 

oi'=j=Isabella, dau. of Philip the 
Fair, King of France. 



Edward III., King of England, founder of the Most 
Noble Order of the Garter, d. in 1377. 



T 



Lady = 
Margaret 
Plantage- 
net, 

Duchess 
of Nor- 
folk, dau. 
and heir. 



r- 



=John, Lionel of= 
Lord Se- Antwerp, 
grave. Duke of 

Clarence, 

K.G., d. 

17 Oct. 

1368. 



Elizabeth=pJohn, 



dau. and 
heir of 
John, 
Lord Se- 
Segrave. 



Lord 
Mowbray 



Thomas = 
de Mow- 
bray, 
Duke of 
Norfolk. 



Lady ■ 
Margaret 
de Mow- 
bray,dau. 
and even- 
tual co- 
heir. 



:Lady Eli- 
zabeth 
Fitzalan, 
sister and 
coheir of 
Thomas, 
Earl of 
Arundel. 

:Sir Robt. 
Howard. 



Philippa, '■ 
only dau. 
and heir. 
6.16 Aug. 
1355. 



Elizabeth: 
dau. of 
Edmund, 
Earl of 
March. 



^Elizabeth 
dau. and 
heir of 
William 
de Burgh, 
Earl of 
Ulster, d. 
in 1363. 



^Edmund 
Mortimer 
Earl of 
March, 
&c. d. at 
Cork, 5 
Rich. II., 
1382. 



John of -pCatherine, 



Gaunt, 
Duke of 
Lancaster, 
King of 
Castile 
and Leon, 
K.G., d.in 
1399. 



dau. of Sir 
PayneRoet, 
Knt., and 
relict of Sir 
OthoSwin- 
ford, Knt., 
d. in 1403. 



Eleanor, = 
eldest dau. 
and coheir 
of Hum- 
phrey de 
Bohun, 
Earl of 
Hereford, 
&c. 



:Thoa. Planta- 
genet, of 
Woodstock, 
Earl of Buck- 
ingham, Duke 
of Gloucester, 
K.G., d. in 
1399. 



I 

Joan, = 

dau. of 
John of 
Gaunt, 
Duke of 
Lancas- 
ter, d. in 
1440. 



:Henry Percy, the 
renowned Hot- 
spur, son of Hen. 
Earl of Northum- 
berland, slain in 
1403. 



r 



^Ralph 
Neville, 
Lord of 
Raby, 
created 
Earl of 
West- 
more- 
land, 
Earl 
Marshal 
of Eng- 
land, 
K.G., d. 
in 1426. 



1 

John = 

Beau- 
fort, 
Mar- 
quess 
of 
Dorset, 
Earl of 
Somer- 
set. 
K.G., 
d. in 
1410. 



^Marga- 
ret, dau. 
of Thos, 
Holland 
Earl of 
Kent. 



Ed- : 
mond 
Staf- 
ford, 
Earl of 
Staf- 
ford, 
K.G. 



=Anne, 
dau. 
and 
coheir 
of 

Thos., 
Duke 
of f 
Glou- 
cester. 



Henry ^Eleanor, Eleanor, =f Edmund 



Percy, 
Earl of 
Northum- 
berland, 
slain at St. 
Albans, 22 
May, 1455. 



dau. of 
Ralph, 
Earl of 
West- 
moreland. 



dau. of 
Rich. Beau- 
champ, Earl 
of Warwick, 
d. in 1467. 



Beaufort, 
Duke of 
Somerset, 
Marquess of 
Dorset, K.G. 
d. in 1455. 



Anne, =j=Humphrey 
dau. of Stafford, 
Ralph Duke of 
Neville, Bucking- 
Earl of ham, K.G. 
West- 
more- 
land. 



Sir John=pCatherine of Northumber- 
land, slain at Tow' 
ton field, 1460-1. 



Howard, 
1st Duke 
of Nor- 
folk, Earl 
Marshal. 



dau. of 
William, 
Lord Mo- 
lines. 



Henry Percy, Earl=f:Eleanor, dau. Margaret, dau. of^Humphrey Staf- 
" " ' ' " " ■ " ■ " ^ " ford. Earl of Staf- 

ford, slain at St. 
Albans, v.p. 



_J 



and heir of Edmund, Duke of 
Richard Poy- Somerset, 
nings, d. in 
1474. 



Henry Percy, 4th=fMaud, dau. Catherine, dau. of=pHenry, Duke of 



1 

Thomas,=f=Elizabeth 



Duke of 
Norfolk, 
K.G., the 

hero of 
Flodden. 



Earl of Northum 
berland, d. in 
1489. 



dau. and 
heir of 
Sir Fred- 
erick 
Tilney. 



of William, 
Earl of Pem- 
broke. 



Richard Widville, 
Earl Rivers, KG., 
and sister of Eliza- 
beth, Queen of 
Edward IV. 



Buckingham, Con- I 
stable of England, 
K.G., beheaded in 
1483. 



Eleanor, dau. of Henry Percy, 4th=FEdward, Duke of Buckingham, K.G., 
Earl of Northumberland. | beheaded on Tower Hill, in 1524. 



Thomas Howard, 
d. in 1554. 

I 

a 



1 



Duke of Norfolk, K.G.,=f Elizabeth, dau. of Edmund, Duke of Buck- 
ingham. 



^t0» 3. 0^, (B. (^topnnc ^olforti. pedigree cxxix. 

a 

I 
Lord Thomas Howard, 2nd son of Thomas,=pGertrude, dau. of Sir William Lyte, of Bil- 



3rd Duke of Norfolk ; created Viscount 
Bindon in 1559, d. 5 April 1582. 



lesdon, co. Somerset, 2nd wife. 



Charles Lyte Howard, Esq., only son of Thomas, 1st Viscount Bindon, by 

Gertrude, his second wife. 

J 



Catherine Howard, eld. dau. and coheir of=T=Sir Thomas Thynne, Knt., of Longleate, co. 
Charles Lyte Howard, Esq., d. in 1650, Wilts. 

I ' 

Henry Frederick Thynne, Esq., 3rd son,=j=Dorothy, dau. and coheir of Francis Philips, 
cleric of the privy council, d. in 1705. Esq. of Sunbury, Middlesex. 

I 

Dorothy, dau. of Henry Frederick Thynnej^John Howe, Lord Chedworth, d. in 1 742. 



Esq. I 

T 



The Hon. Anne Howe, dau. and eventually=TpRoderick Gwynne, Esq., of Glanbrin. 
coheir of Lord Chedworth. 



Thynne Howe Gwynne, Esq. of Buckland,=pMis3 Mathew, dau. and coheir of C. Mathew, 
co, Brecon. | Esq. of Lundock Castle, co. Glamorgan. 

1 ■ -■ 

Roderick Gwynne, Esq., son and heir, d.v p. ^Eliza Ann, dau. and coheir of Hughes of 



Jjiiiiza. Auii, 
Tregunter. 



3nna iHaria <l?Icanor, only dau. and heiress,=^James Price Holford, Esq. of Kilgwyn, co, 



m. 4 Sept. 1830; 17th in direct descent 
from Edward 111., King of England. 



I 1 — r 



Carmarthen, Lieut.-Col. in the army, assumed 
the additional surname of Gwynne. 



T 1 



James Price William, 1. Jane Eliza Anna Maria. 3. Thynne Howe. 

b. 25 Nov. 18.33. 2. Louisa Mary Ermine Eleanora. 4. Harriett. 



PEDIGREE cxxx. ^jt Joftn CJanDos Ecatie, IBM, 



Eleanor, dau. of Ferdinand=j=<J5lrtDarIr I, King 
III. King of Castile. 

I 

Edward II. KLag^Isabella of Margaret, sister 



of England.=pMargaret, dau. of Philip, 



T 



King of France. 



of England. 



France. 



heir of Thomas, Lord 
Wake. 



and=^Edmund of Woodstock, 



Earl of Kent. 



Edward III. King^Philippa, dau. of Sir Thomas =r=Joan, the Fair=pEDWARD the 



of England, founder 
of the Most Noble 
Order of the Gar- 
ter, d. 1377. 



William, Count 
of Hainault. 



Holland, Earl 
of Kent, K.G. 
d. 1360. 



Maid of Kent, 
dau. and heiress 
of Edward, Earl 
of Kent. 



Lionel =pLady Eli- Blanche=FJohn of "Catherine 

dau. of 
Sir Payn 
Roet.and 
relict of 
Sir Otho 
de S win- 
ford, Knt. 
d. 1403, 
2nd wife. 



T 



Black Prince, 
last husband. 



Plantage 
net, Duke 
of Cla- . 
rence. 



zabeth de 
Burgh, 
dau. and 
heir of 
William, 
Earl of 
Ulster. 



dau. and 
heir of 
Henry, 
Duke of 
Lancas- 
ter. 1st 
wife. 



The Lady 
Philippa 
Plantage- 
net, only 
child. 



^Edmund 
Mortimer 
Earl of 
March. 



Gaunt, 
Duke of 
Lancas- 
ter, King 
of Castile 
and Leon 
K.G., d. 
1399. 



Thomas =^Lady 
Holland, Alice 
2nd Earl 
of Kent, 
d. 1397. 



Fitz- 
Alan, 
dau. of 
Rich., 
Earl of 
Arimdel. 



1 

Richard 
II. King 
of Eng- 
land. 



Eliza- T= John 



The Lady^Henry 



Elizabeth 
Mortimer. 



r 



Percy, 
the re- 
nowned 
Hotspur, 



beth 
Planta- 
genet, 
sister of 
Henry 
IV., 



Henry =pLady 



rf.inl403. King of 
Eng- 



land. 



Percy, 
2nd Earl 
of North- 
umber- 
land, fell 
at St. 
bans, 
1455. 



Al- 



Eleanor; 
Nevil, 
dau. of 
Ralph, 1st 
Earl of 
West- 
moreland, 
and Joan 
de Beau- 
fort, his 
wife, dau. dau. 
of John 
of Gaunt 



Holland, 
Duke of 
Exeter, 
grandson, 
maternally 
of Ed- 
mund 
Plantage- 
net, Earl 
of Kent, 
son of 
King Ed- 
ward I. 



— r 
Joan, = 

dau. of 
John of 
Gaunt, 
Duke of 
Lancas- 
ter, d. 
1410. 



-J 



r 



:Ralph 

Neville, 

Earl of 

West- 

moreland, 

Earl 

Marshal 

of Eng- 

land,K.G. 

c?..1426. 



f 

Lady Ele- =pThos. Mon- 
anor Hoi- tacute, Earl 
land, dau. ofSalisbury. 
and even- 
tual coheir. 



-1 



Con 
stance 
Holland, 
only 



:^Sir John 
Grev, 
K.G. 



Richard Neville, =FAlice, dau. and heir of 



Lady 
Percy, 



J 



Earl of Salisbury, 
&c. beheaded at 
Wakefield, 2 Edward 
IV., 1460. 



Thomas Montacute, Earl 
of Salisbury. 



Katherine =TpEdmund 
eld. dau. of 
Henry, 2nd Earl of 
Northumberland. 



J 



Lord Grey of 
Ruthyn, created 
Earl of Kent, 3 
May, 1465. 



Grey, 4th Lady Alice Ne\ille,=f=Hcnry, Lord Fitz Ilugli, 



Lady Anne Grey,=y:John, Lord Grey of 
dau. of Edmund, j Wilton, d. in 1498. 
Earl of Kent. 



dau. of Richard Ne^ 
ville. Earl of Salis- 
bury, and sister of 
the renowned Earl 
of Warwick. 



J 



d. in 1472. 



a 



%>it 3|of)n Cbantios Eeatic, IBact. pedigree cxxx. 



a 



Edmund, 9Lh Lord=j=Florcnce 
Gri^v do Willou, d. 
in 1511. 



dan. and co- 
heir of Sir Ralph Has- 
tings, (brother of 
William, Lord Has- 
tings,) by Amie Tat- 
tershall, his wife, great 
grand niece of Arch- 
bishop Cluckele. 



Sir William Parr,! 
Kut. 1st husband. 



b 

Elizabeth, -rNicholas. 



2nd dau. 
and coheir 
of Lord 
Fitz Hugh. 



Lord Vaux, 
2nd hus- 
band. 



Sir Thomas Parr. Hon. Ca- =f=Sir John 



Elizabeth, dau. or=FJohn Brydgcs, 1st 



Edmund, Lord Grey 
de Wilton. 



Lord Chaudos, d. 
1557. 



in 



The Hon. Charles=pJane, dau. of Sir Ed- 



Brydges, of Wilton- 
Castle, CO. Hereford, 
d. in 1619. 



ward Carne, Knt of 
Eweuny. 



Giles Brydges, Esq.=pMary, dau, of Sir 



of Wilton Castle, 
created a Bart, in 
1627. 



Sir John Brydges,= 
Bart, of Wilton 
Castle, d. in 1651. 

r 



.J 



James Scudaraore. 



-Mary, dau. and heir 
of Jamas Pearle, Esq. 



I 

Anne 
Parr, m. 
William 
Herbert, 
Earl of 
Pembroke 



therine 
Vaux, dau. 
and coheir 
of her mo- 
ther. 



Throckmor- 
ton, Kut. of 
Cough ton, 
CO. War- 
wick. 



Catherine Clement =^Catherine, 



Parr,wife Throckmor- 
of King ton, Esq. of 
Henuy Hasely, co. 
VIII. Warwick. 



dau. of Sir 

Edward 

Neville, 

Knt. 2nd 

son of Lord 

Aberga- 

Tenny. 



Catherine, dau. of Cle 
ment Throckmorton, 
Esq. 



^rhomas Harby, Esq. 
of Adston. 



James Brydges, 8tli=j^Elizabeth, eldest dau. Francis Harby, Esq. of=i=Elizabeth, dau. of 



Lord Chandos, d. in 
1714. 



and coheiress of Sir 
Henry Bernard, Kut. 



Adston, d. in Julv, 
1G07. 



Maryj eld. dau. of=pTheophilus Leigh, 



James, 8lU Lord 
Chandos. 



Esq. of Addlestrop, 
and Longborough, co. 
Gloucester. 



r- 
Elizabelh, 



John D'Oyley, Esq. 
of Chiselhampton. 



Francis Harby, Esq. of 
Adston. 



dau. of =j=Sir Edward Reade, 



Mary, dau. of Theo-^Sir Hungerford |Hos- 



philus Leigh, Esq. 
of Addlestrop. 



kyns, Bart. M.P. for 
Hereford, d. in 1766. 



Sir Chandos Hos- ^f^Rebecca, dau. of Jo- 



kyns, Bart, of Hare- 
wood, CO. Hereford. 



seph May, Esq. of 
London. 



Sir Thomas Reade, 3rd= 
Bart. , of Shipton Court, 
d. 1752. 

I 

Sir John Reade, 4tli= 

Bart., of Shipton Court, 

d. 9 Nov. 1773. 



2nd Bart, of Shipton 
Court, CO. Oxford, d. 
1691. 

=Jane, dau. of Sir Ro- 
bert Button, Bart., 
of Sherborne. 

^Harriett, dau. and 
heir of William Bar- 
ker, Esq. of Sun- 
ning, CO. Berks. 



Jane, only dau. of Sir Chandos Hoskyns,=pSir John Reade, 5th Bart, of Shipton Court, 

d. 7 Nov. 1789. 



Bart, of Harewood. 






§tr .^ofjn CTfianUoQ l^ratir, 6ih and pre-= 

sent Baronet «\' Shipton Court, co. Oxford, 
m. 6 Jan. 1814; 17th in direct descent 
from EuwAui) HI. King of li^ngland. 



^Louisa, youngest dau. of the late David Mur- 
ray, Esq., and niece of Lord Elibank, d. 6 
Feb. 1821. 



Compton, son and heir. 



T 



Emily, 



Clara Louisa. 



PEDIGREE CXXXI. 



OBarl of ^ttatitirolie* 



ISfitoartr IH. Kins of England, d. 1377.=f=Philippa, dau. of WDliam, Count of Hainault, 

d. 1369. 

Thomas Plantagenet, of Woodstock, Earl oP=f Eleanor, eldest dau. and coheir of Humphrey 
Buckingham, Duke of Gloucester, K.G. de Bohun, Earl of Hereford, Essex, and Nor- 

thampton, Constable of England. 

Lady Anne Plantagenet, dau. and coheir ofySir William Bourchier, Knt. Earl of Eu, in 
Thomas, of Woodstock, relict of Edmund, j Normandy. 
Earl of Stafford. 



of=pSi 
3, N 



Sir John Bourchier, K.G., 4th son, Lord: 
Berners, jure uxoris, d. in 1474. 



^Margery, dau. and heir of Sir Richard Ber. 
ners, Knt. Lord Berners. 



Sir Humphrey Bourchier, eldest son, slain at^pElizaheth, dau. and heir of Sir Frederick 



the battle of Barnet Field, d.v.p. 



Tilney, and widow of Sir Thomas Howard, 
Knt. 



John Bourchier, 2nd Lord Berners, succeeded=f:Lady Catherine, dau. of John, Duke of Nor- 
his grandfather. folk. 

Jane Bourchier, dau. of John, 2nd Lord^ Edmund Knyvett, Esq. of Ashwellthorpe, 
Berners. sergeant porter to Henry VIII. 



John Knyvett, Esq. of Plumstead, co. Nor-=i= Agnes, dau. of Sir John Harcourt, Knt. of 
folk, eldest son and heir. I Stanton Harcourt, co. Oxford. 



J 



Sir Thomas Knyvet, of Ashwellthorpe, Knt. =^ Muriel, dau. of Sir Thomas Parry, Knt. 



Sir Thomas Knevet, Knt. of Ashwelllhorpe,^Elizabeth, 2nd dau. and coheir of Sir Natha- 
d. in Sept. 1605, vp. J niel Bacon, K.B. of Strucky, co. Norfolk. 

, 1 

Thomas Knevet, Esq. of Ashwellthorpe, bapt.=p Catherine, dau. and eventual coheir of Thos. 
10 June, 1596, d. 2 July, 1658. Lord Burgh. 

1 ' ' 

Elizabeth Knevet, dau. of Thomas Knevet,:T= Sir John Rous, of Henham Hall, M.P. 
of Ashwellthorpe. 2nd wife. | created a Baronet, 17 May, 1660. 



T 



Sir Jolin Rous, 2nd Bart. High Sheriff of^ Anne, dau. of Robert Wood, Esq. 2nd wife. 
Suffolk, in 1661, d. 1730. 

r-^ — — ■■■ " ■ 1 

Sir Robert Rous, 4th Bart, succeeded his half=f Lydia, dau. of John Smith, Esq. of Holton, 
brother. co. Suffolk. 



Sir John Rous, 5th Bart. M.P. for co. Suf-^J'udith, dau. and heiress of John Bedingfeld, 
folk, 1768, d. 1771. Esq. of Beeston, co. Norfolk, m. 2ndly, the 

Rev. Edward Lockwood, of Dews Hall. 



Sir John Rous, 6th Bart, created Earl of=y: Charlotte-Maria, dau. of Abraham Whittaker, 



Stradbroke, 18 July, 1821, d. 17 Aug. 1827 
r 



Esq. 2nd wife. 



Jlofin CDlDartr Corntoallist-JOUB. 2nd and present Earl of Stradbroke, Lord Lieutenant of 
CO. Suffolk, 16Lh in direct descent from Edward III. King of England. 



&t Eoget 0@artm, T5art pedigree cxxxh. 



IBtrtoartJ $. King of England.=F Margaret, dau. of Philip III. King of France; 

d. 1317. 



Thomas de Brotlierton, Earl of Norfolk,^ Alice, dau. of Sir Roger Halys, Knt. of Har- 
Marshal of England, d. 1338. Avich. 

Margaret, dau. and eventual heiress of Thos.^ John, Lord Segrave, d. 27 Edward III. 1353, 
de Brotherton, created Duchess of Norfolk, I 
in 1398. 



r 



Elizabeth, dau. and heir of John, Lord Se-=pJohn, Lord Mowbray, of Axholme, d. in 
grave. | 13G0. 

r -« 

Thomas Mowbray, Earl of Nottingham,::^^ Elizabeth, dau. of Richard Fitzalan, and 
Duke of Norfolk and Earl Marshal of Eng- 
land, K.G., d. in 1400. 



sister and coheir of Thomas Fitzalan, Earl of 
Arundel. 



Margaret, dau. of Thomas, and cousin of=p Sir Robert Howard, Knt., eldest son of Sir 



John, Duke of Norfolk. 



Sir John Howard, K.G., created Duke oi^ 
Norfolk in 1483, and slain at Bosworth 
Field. 



John Howard, Knt., by Alice, his wife, dau. 
and heir of Sir William Tending, of Tending, 
CO. Norfolk. 

■ Katherine, dau. of William, Lord Molines, 
d. 21 May, 1524. 



Thomas Howard, Earl of Surrey, created=p Agnes, sister and heir of Sir Philip Tilney, 



Duke of Norfolk and Earl Marishal, 1 Feb. 
1514, K.G., d. 21 May, 1524. 



Knt., 2nd wife. 



Lord William Howard, eldest son, created^ Margaret, 2nd dau. of Sir Thomas Gamage, 



Lord Howard of Effingham, 11 March 1554, 
d. 1573. 



Knt. of Coity, co. Glamorgan. 



Sir Charles Howard, 2nd Baron Howard, of -p Katherine Carey, dau. of Henry, Lord 
Effingham, created Earl of Nottingham, Hunsdou. 
1597. 



William, Lord Howard, of Effingham, sum-= 
moned to Parliament in the lifetime of his 
father, d.v.p. 



■ Anne, dau. and sole heir of John, Lord St. 
John, of Bletso. 



The Hon. Elizabeth Howard, only dau. and-p John, Lord Mordaunt, afterwards Earl of 



heiress. 



Peterborough. 



The Hon. Henry Mordaunt, 2nd son of John,=^ Elizabeth, dau. and sole heir of Thomas 



Earl of Peterborough, created Baron and 
Viscount Mordaunt, 10 July, 1659, d. 5 
June, 1675. 



Carey, 2nd son of Robert, Earl of Monmouth. 



The Hon. Lewis Mordaunt, 3rd son of Henry ,=^ Mary, dau. of Lieut.-Col. Collyer, Lieut. 



Viscount Mordaunt, Brig.-Gen. in the a 



enry,-T- m 
irniy. G 



Governor of Jersey, d. 1740. 2nd wife. 



Sophia, 2nd dau. of Brigadier-General Lewis=FSir Roger Martin, Bart., of Long Melford, 
Mordaunt. co. Suflblk, d. 1762. 

I ' 

Sir Mordaunt Martin, 4th Bart, of Longnp Everilda Dorothea, 3rd dau. of the Rev. 
Melford, d. 1815. William Smith, Rector of Burnham, Nor- 

folk. 



Sbiv ISogcr JHarttn, 5lh and present Baronet of Long Melford, co. Suffolk; 
16th in direct descent from Edward I. King of England, entitled as one of the 
co-representatives of Thomas Plantagenet, surnamcd de Brolherton, to quarter 
the Royal Arms. 

2 C 



PEDIGREE CXNXIII. 



0@atQue0s Cottjn^bcnri. 



fiPHtDarll Illfi. King of England, d. 
June, 1371. 



= Phi!ippa, dau. of William, Earl of 
Hainault. 



1 



r- 
Ed- 



2. Lionol,= 
WARD ofAnt- 
the weip, 

Black Duke of 
Prince. Clarence, 
=P K.G. d. 
13G8. 



Rich- Philippa, = 
AiiD II. only child 
d.s.p. & heiress 
1399. of Lionel 

Plantage- 

net. 



Roger : 
Mortimer 
Earl of 
March, 
Lord 
Lieut, of 
Ireland, 
d. 1399. 



Anne Mortimer, = 
only dau. & even- 
tually heir of Ro- 
ger,Earl of March. 



Lady Eli- 4. Ed- = 
zabethde mund, 
Burgh, of 

dau. of Lang- 
William, ley, 
Earl of Duke 
Ulster. of 

York, 
K.G., 
c?.1402. 

:EdmundMortimer, 
Earl of March, d. 
1352. 



:Eleanor, dau. and 
coheir of Thomas 
Holland, Earl of 
Kent, son of Thos. 
Earl of Kent, by 
Joan Plantagenet, 
only child of Ed- 
mund, Earl of 
Kent, 3rd son of 
Edward L 

I 

:Richard Plantage- 
net. Earl of Cam- 
bridge, son of Ed- 
mund of Langley, 
beheaded 1414. 



Isabel, 
dau. & 
coheir 

of 
Peter, 
King 
of Cas- 
tile. 



Wil-= 

liam 

Bour- 

chier, 

Earl 

of 
Ewe, 
3rd 
hus- 
band. 



[ 

6. Thos.= 
of Wood- 
stock, 
Duke of 
Glouces- 
ter, mur- 
dered at 
Calais, 
in 1397. 



I 

Lady =f= 

Anne 
Plan- 
tagenet, 
dau. and 
coheir of 
Thomas 

of 
Wood- 
stock, 
and wi- 
dow of 
Thomas, 
Earl of 
Staftbrd. 

, a 

Humph- 
rey Staf- 
ford, 
Duke of 
Bucking- 
ham, 
K.G. 



■Eleanor, 
dau. and 
coheir of 
Humph- 
rey de 
Bohun, 
Earl of 
Hereford 
and Es- 
sex. 

•Edmund, 
Earl of 
Stafford, 
2iid hus- 
band. 



Catherine,; 
dau. of Sir 

Payne 
Roet, Knt. 
and relict 
ofSirOtho 
Swynford, 
Knt. 



Margaret, : 
dau. and 
eventual 
coheir of 
Thomas 
Holland, 
Earl of 
Kent, 
grandson 
of Ed- 
ward I. 



3. John of 
Gaunt, 
Duke of 

Lancaster, 
King of 

Castile & 

Leon, d. 

iu 1 399. 



1 

JohnBeau- 

fort, Mar- 
quess of 
Dorset, 
Earl of 
Somerset, 
K.G. 



=Anne, 
dau. of 
Ralph 
Neville, 
Earl of 
West- 
more- 
land. 



Eleanor, ; 
dau. of 
Richard 
Beau- 
champ, 
Earl of 
Warwick 



Edmund 
Beaufort, 
Duke of 
Somerset, 
Marquess 
of Dorset, 
K.G., of. 
1455. 



Lady Isabel Plantage-= 
net, only daughter of 
Richard, Earl of Cam- 
bridge. 



Cicely Bourchier, only= 
dau., sister and sole 
heiress of Henry, Earl 
of Essex. 



I 

Walter Devereux,Vis-= 

count Hereford, K.G., 

d. 27 Sept. 1558. 



:Henry Bourchier,Earl 
of Ewe and Essex, d. 
in 1483. 



John Devereux, Lord 
Ferrers, of Chartley, 
summoned to parlia- 
ment from 3rd till 12th 
year of Henry VII. 

=Mary, dau. of Thomas 
Grey, Marquess of 
Dorset. 



Humphrey Stafford, = 
Earl of Stafford, (son 
of Humphrey, Duke of 
Buckingham), slain at 
St. Albans, v.p. 

Catherine, daughter of= 
RichardWidville, Earl 
Rivers, K.G., and sis- 
ter of Elizabeth,Queen 
of Edward IV. 

Eleanor,dau. of Henry= 
Percy, 4 th Earl of 
Northumberland. 



1 — 
Lady Margaret Beau- 
fort, dau. and even- 
tual coheir of Ed- 
mund, Duke of So- 
merset. 

" — I 

=Henry,DukeofBuck- 
ingham, Constable of 
England, K.G., be- 
headed in 1483. 



=Edw. StalTord, Duke 
of Buckingham, K.G. 
beheaded on Tower 
Hill, 1524. 



Sir Richard Devereux,=pDorothyHas(ings,dau. Thos. Howard, Duke= 



of Bodenham, 
13 Oct. 1.517. 



a 



d.v.p. 



of George, 1st Earl of of Norfolk, K.G., (/. 
Huntingdon. 1554. 



=Lady Elizabeth Staf- 
ford, dau. of Edward, 
Duke of Bucking- 
ham. 



^atQUcso Cotun.s&enti. 



TEDIGREE CXXXIII. 



I 

Walter Devcreux,Earb 
of Essex, Viscount 
Hereford, and Lord 
Ferrers of Chartley, 
K.G., d. 22 Sept. 1576. 



=Letlice. dau. of Sir 
Francis Knollys, K.G. 
by Catherine Gary, his 
wife, niece of Anna 
Boleyne, Queen Con- 
sort of Henry VUI., 
and lOtli in descent 
from Edward I. 



Frances, dan. of John =f=Henry Howard, Earl 



Vere, Earl of Oxford 



of Surrey, the Poet, 
beheaded v.p. 154ti. 



Henry Berkeley,Lord =pLadyCatherine How- 



Berkeley, d. 2G Nov 
1613 



ard, dau. of Henry, 
Earl of Surrey, d. 7 
April, 1596. 



RobertDevereux,Earl=^Frances, dau. and heir Sir George Shirley,=pFrances Berkeley, 
" T^ ^ .^ ■- c' >- -.T , T, . ^„. ,, dau. of Henry, Lord 

Berkeley. 



of Essex, K.G., the 
favourite of Queen 
Elizabeth, beheaded 
25 Feb. 1601. 



of Sir Francis Wals- 
ingham, and widow of 
the renowned Sir Phi- 
lip Sidney. 



Bart, of Stanton Ha- 
rold, <l. 27 April, 1022, 



The Lady Dorothy Devereux, sister and heir= 
of Robert, Earl of Essex, the parliamentary 
General, m. in 16 J 5. 



^Sir Henry Shirley, Bart, of Stanton Harold, 
High Slieriff of Leicestershire, 1625, d. 8 
Feb. 1632. 



Sir Robert Shirley, Bart., m, in 1646.=pDorothy, dau. of Humphrey Okeover, Esq. 

of Okeover, co. Stafford. 

^Elizabeth, dau. and heir of Laurence Wash- 
ington, Esq. of Garsden, Wilts. 



Sir Robert Shirley, Bart., succeeded his elder- 
brother, created Earl Ferrers, 1711, d. 1717. 



Robert Shirley, eldest son, d. in ]699.=pAnne, dau. of Sir Humphrey Ferrers, Knt., 

I of Tamworth Castle. 

1 



Elizabeth, dau. and eventual heiress of her=pJame3 Compton, 5th Earl of Northampton, 
brother Robert, Viscount Tamworth and I 
Earl Ferrers. 

I 

Lady Charlotte Compton, only dau. and— George, Marquess of Townsend, d. 14 Sept. 
heiress, succeeded her mother in the Baron- 18U7. 
ies of Ferrers, of Charllev, Bourchier, &c. | 



George, 2nd Marquess of Townsend, d. 1811.=j=Charlotte, dau. of Eaton Mainwaring EUer- 

ker, Esq. of Risby Park, co. York, and co- 
heiress of her brother Roger. 



<!5eorgr .jffrrars, 
3rd f-tlar(iurs9 
Coh)nsf)fntr, iGih 
in direct descent 
from Edward 111., 
being entitled, as 
one of the co-repre- 
sentatives of the 
Lady Anne Plan- 
tagenet, dau. and 
coheir of Thos. of 
Woodstock, Duke 
of Gloucester, to 
quarter the Royal 
Arms. 



Lord Charles 
Vere Towns- 
iie.vd, 6.16 Sept. 
1785, entitled to 
quarter the Royal 
Arms ; >». 24 
March, 1812, 
Chailotte, eldest 
dau. of General 
William Loftus. 



Charlotte Bar- 
bara, »». 6 April, 
1805, to Lt.-Col. 
Cecil Bi^shopp, 
and d. in 1807. 



Harriett Anne, 
7)1. II March, 
1813, Edward 
Ferrers, E.-^q. of 
Baddesley Clin- 
ton, CO. War- 
wick. 



1 

Elizabeth Mar- 
garet, m. in 1815 
to Joseph jNIoore 
Boulibee, Esq. 
of Springfield 
House, CO. War- 
wick. 



PEDIGREE cxxxiv. iBatOH iBortf)toicfe, JF.^,3. 



Eleanor, of Castile,: 
1st wife. 



^EtJioarlr H. d. 1307.^Margaret, of France, dau. of Philip IV. King of 



France, and grand-dau. of St. Louis, 2nd wife. 



Edward II. ^ Isabel, 



d. 1327. 



of 
France. 



Edward Ill.^Philippa, 
d. 1377, of 

I Ha 



lainault. 



Thomas, of Brotherton, Earl 
of Norfolk, 2nd son, from 
whom in the female line, the 
Howards descend. 

Sir Thomas Holland, Earl of= 
Kent, K.G., d. 1360. 



Edmund of Wood- 
stock, Earl of Kent, 
3rd son ; beheaded 
1329. 



^Margaret, sis- 
ter and heir of 
Thomas,Lord 
Wake. 



:Joan, " the Fair Maid of Kent." 



Edward 

the 

Black 

Prince. 



T 



Edmund,^ 
of Lang- 
ley, Duke 
of York, 
K.G., 4th 
son, d. 
1402. 



Richard II. 
d.s.p. 



^Isabel, young- 
est dau. and 
heir of Peter, 
King of Cas- 
tile and Leon. 



Lionel Plantage-= 
net, of Antwerp, 
Duke of Cla- 
rence, Earl of 
Lister, &C.K.G., 
2nd son,t?. 1368. 



^Elizabeth 
de Burgh, 
dau. and 
heir of 
William, 
Earl of 
Ulster. 



Thomas =|= Alice, dau. 



Holland, 
Earl of 
Kent, d. 
1396. 



Edmund Mortimer, 3rd Earl of=f=Philippa, dau. 

I and heir. 



March, d. 1382. 



of Richard 
Fitzalan, 
Earl of 
Arundel. 



Roger, Earl of March and Ulster,=^Eleanor, eldest dau.: sister of Thos. 



Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, d. 
1399. 



Holland, Duke of Surrey, and sis- 
ter and coheir of Edmund Holland, 
Earl of Kent. 



Richard, Earl of Cambridge, surnamed of=i=Anne, dau. and coheir, after the death of 
Coningsburgh, 2nd son and heir ; beheaded her brother, Edmund Mortimer, heir to the 
1414. crown. 



Richard. Duke of York, Protector of England,^Cicely, dau. of Ralph Nevil, Earl of West- 
K.G., killed at the battle of Wakefield, 14G0. morelaiid. 



Edward IV. King of George, Duke of Cla-=plsabel, dau. of Richard Nevil, Earl of Salis 



England, d. 1483. rence,K.G., murdered 
in the Tower, 1477. 



bury and Warwick, surnamed the Kingmaktr. 



Sir Richard Pole, K.G., d. 1504.=pMargaret, dau. and heir, Countess of Salis- 
bury ; beheaded, 1541. 



Henry Pole, Lord Montacute, son and heir ;=f:Jane, dau. of George Nevil, Lord of Aber- 
beheaded, 1538. gavenny. 

Francis, Earl of Huntingdon, K.G., d. 20^Catherine, eldest dau. and coheir, d. 23 Sept. 



June, 1560, buried at Ashby de la Zouche 



1576. 



Lady Frances Hastings, dau. of Francis, 2nd=f=Sir Henry Compton, Knt., summoned to par- 



Earl of Huntingdon. 



liament, 8 May, 1572, as Baron Compton, of 
Compton, d. 1589. 



William Compton, 2nd Lord Compton, K.G.,=pElizabeth, dau. and heir of Sir John Spencer, 



created Earl of Northampton, c?. 1630 



Knt., Lord Mayor of London in 1593. 



a 






T5aron jf5ortf)ttJicfe, JF.^.3. iedigrrkcxxxiv. 



a 



Spoiiccr Compton, 2nd Earl of Northampton,=p Mary, dau. of Sir Francis Beaumont. 
K.B., d. 19 March, 1642-3. 



James Compton, 3rd Earl of Northampton,^^ Mary, dau. and heir of Baptist Noel, Viscount 



a distinguished Royalist, d. 15 Dec. 1681. 



Camden, 2nd wife. 



George Compton, 4th Earl of Northampton,=p Jane, youngest dau. of , Sir Stephen Fox, 



Constable of the Tower of London, d. 1727. 



Knt. 



Lady Anne Compton, youngest dau. of Geo.-p The Rt. Hon. Sir John Rushout, Treasurer 



4th Earl of Northampton. 



of the Navy, d. 1775. 



Sir John Rushout, only son, created Baron-p Rebecca, dau. of Humphrey Bowles, Esq. of 



Northwick, 26 Oct. 1797, d. 20 Oct. 1800. 



Wanstead, co. Essex. 



€^t Kt. Plou. 5)ottt KusflOUt, 2nd and present iSarOtt Xorlfjtoiffe, jF-S iS. &c., 
llih in direct descent from George Plantagenet, brother of EpwAUD IV. King 
of England, 



PEDIGREE CXXXV. 



IRicftarn IPaul ampblett, €05. 



Eleanor, of Castile.=p 3;trtDar& I. 






King of England.=FMargaret, dau. of Philip III. King 
I of France. 



Edward II. King of=f=Isabel, of France. 
England, d. 1327. 

I ' 

Edward III. King of=f Philippa, of Hainault. 
England, d. 1377. 



EdmundPlantagenet,: 
surnamed of Wood- 
stock, Earl of Kent, 
beheaded in 1329. 



^Margaret, sister and 
heir of Thos., Lord 
Wake. 



John of Gaunt, Duke=pKatharine, dau. and 
of Lancaster. coheir of Sir Payne 

Roet, Knt., and wi- 
dow of Sir Hugh de 
Swinford. 



Joan, the Fair Maid=f=Sir Thoma.s Holland, 



of Kent, only 
and heiress. 



dau. 



K.G. 



Thos. Holland, 
of Kent. 



Earl=pThe Lady Alice Fitz- 
alan, dau. of Rich- 
ard, Earl of Arundel. 



J 



John de Beaufort, Earl of Somerset, and Mar-=FLady Margaret Holland, dau. and eventual 
quess of Dorset, K.G., d. in 1410. | coheir. 



John Beaufort, ^Margaret, dau. 
Duke of Somer- of Sir John 
set, K.G., d. Beauchamp. 
1444. I 



Jane, wife, of 
James, I., King 
of Scotland. 



Edmund 



Beau- =^Alianor, dau. and 



Margaret, only =j:Edmund Tudor, 
dau. and heir. | Earl of Rich- 
I mond. 

Henry VII. King of England. 



Margaret, wife 
of Thos., Earl 
of Devon. 



fort, Duke of 
Somerset, K.G, 
slain in 1445. 



coheir of Richard 
Beauchamp, Earl 
of Warwick. 



Lady Anne Beau-^^Sir William Pas- 



fort, dau. and 
eventual coheir. 



ton, Knt. 



Talbot, Knt. of Grafton, co. 



Anne, eldest dau. and coheir of Sir William-pSir Gilbert 
\ Paston. Worcester. 

h r ^ 

Elizabeth, eldest dau. and coheir of Sir Gil-=FJohn Lyttleton, Esq. of Frankley, co. 
bert Talbot. cester, d. 17 May, 1532. 



Wor- 



Sir John Lyttleton, of Frankley, eldest 
and heir, M.P., d. 15 Feb. 1589-90. 



son=FBridget, dau. and coheir of Sir John Paking- 
ton, Knt, of Hampton Lovet. 



Gilbert Lyttleton, Esq. M. P. for co.Worcester,~Elizabeth, dau. of Humphrey Coningsby, 
13 and 14 Elizabeth, High Sheriff, 25 same Esq. of Nyend Sulers, co. Salop, and Hamp- 
reign, d. 1 June, 1599. ton Court, co. Hereford. 



John Lyttleton, Esq., M.P. for co.Worcester,=pMuriel, dau. of Sir Thomas Bromley, Knt,, 
d.in July, 1600-1. ^ . «. .. .^ . . 



Tuiuiit^i, udu. ui Oil i. iiuiiiaa . 
Lord Chancellor of England. 






William Amphlett,^ 
Esq. Lord of the Ma- 
nor of Hadsor, co. 
Worcester, temp. 
James I. 



^Frances, dau. of 
John Sparrow, of 
Clent, CO. Stafford. 



Sir Thomas Lyttleton,=^Catherine, dau. and 
Knt. M.P., eld. son, sole heir of Sir Thos. 
High Sheriff of co. Crompton, of Duf- 
Worcester, in 161.3, field, co. York, 
created a Baronet, 25 
July, 1618, rf. 22 Feb. 
1649-50. 

i 



Richard Amphlett,Esq,^ 
eldest son and hek, 
of Hadsor. 



=Anne, dau. of Edw. 
Cookes, Esq. of Bent- 
ley Pauncefort, co. 
Worcester. 



r 



Sir Charles 

3rd Bart., succeeded 
his eldest brother, d. 2 
May, 1716. 



Lyttleton,=pAnne, dau. and co- 
heir of Thomas Tem- 
ple, of Frankton, co, 
Warwick, 2nd wife. 



r 
John 
Amphlett, 
Esq. d.s.p. 
eldest son. 



W^m. Amph- = 
lett,Esq. some- 
time of Astley, 
CO. Worcester. 
2nd son. 



r- 
a 



-Anne, dau. Other issue, of Joseph ^Anne Lyttle- 

of Thomas which was Eliza- Amphlett, ton, dau. of 

James, of beth, wife of Robt. Esq. of Sir Charles 

Scdgeley, Clive, Esq., and Clent, Lyttleton, 

CO. .Stafford, grandmother of the 3rd son. Bart, of 
Clerk. 1st Lord Clive. Frankley. 

J 

b 



Eicbatti Ipaul ampfilctt, OBsq. 



I'KDIGREE CXXXV. 



a 



Richard Amplilett, =j=Sarah, dati. of John Amphlett, Esq.=T=Mary, widow of Edward 



Esq of Hadsor, eld- 
est son and heir. 



Nicholas Hyelt, 
Esq. 



eldest sou and heir. 



Martin, Esq. of Leigh 
Court, CO. Worcester, and 
dau. of John Cordale, 
gent., of Dudley. 



William Aniph-=f=Cliristian,dau.=Thomas John Aniphlett,=TpMary, dau. Joseph Amph 



h'tt, Esq. of 
Hadsor, only son 
and heir. 
1st husband. 



of John Holbeach, Esq. of Clent, 

Amphlett.Esq. Esq. son and heir, 

of Clent, CO. 
Worcester. 



of Thomas lelt, •2nd son, 

Hopwood, d.s.j}. 

Esq. 



I.William, 2. Richard: 

eldest son, Amphlett, 

d.unm. Esq. of 

29 July, Hadsor, 

177b". 2nd son. 



-Lydia, 3. John 

dau. and Amphlett, 

coheir of D.D., Rector 

John of Hampton 

Holmden, Lovell, ni. 

Esq. of twice and 

Crowle. had issue. 



m 1 

4. Joseph 1. Char- 

Amphlett, lotte. 
m. twice, d.unm. 

5. Martin, 
in Holy 
Orders, 
married. 



2. Har-=^John 
riett. Edwards, 
Esq. of 
Droit- 
wich. 



Rev. Richard Holmden Amph-=plst wife, Sarah,=2nd wife, 



lett, of Hadsor, afterwards of 
Wychbold, co. Worcester, d. 
8 March, 1842. 



dau. of Samuel Jane, dau. 
Paul, Esq, d. 21 of Thomas 
June, 1823. Dudley, Esq. 



Lydia =pThc Venble. 



Amphlett, 



Archdeacon 
HoUing. 
.worth. 



I.Sarah- 2. Utrfjartl 13auI=rFrances, 3. Wil- 
Lydia. Simpf)Ictt, Esq. ofjdau. and Ham 

Wychbold, Bar- jsole heir Wood- 
rister-at-Law, 6. of Edw. field, 6. 
24 May, 1809; IFerrand, 23 Aug. 
19th in direct de- Esq. of 1811, 
scent from Ed- St. Ives, d. an 
WARD L King of CO. York, infant. 



r-r 



-T-ri 



4. Samuel 5. Martin, 7. Louisa. 9. William, 



England. 



»j.2Dec. 
1840. 



Holmden, Rector of 

b. 27 Nov. Church 

1812, m. Lynch, b. 

Mary G., 22 Aug. 

dau. of 1814. 

Edward 

Male, Esq. 6. Charles, 

March, b. 31 July, 

1844. 1816. 



8. Julia, 
m. the 
Rev. Ben- 
jamin 
Davis. 



b. 30 May, 
1823, Lieut. 
R.N. 



10. Jane. 



11. Eliza- 
beth. 



William Ferrand Amph- 
lett, Esq. b. 19 June, 
1845, d. 17 Feb. 1846. 



1 

Eliza. 



.1- 



"-1 



Richard Holmden, 
b. in Ai)ril, 1847. 



PEDIGREE CXXXVI. 



Robert a^itforn, (ZBjsq, 



Stltoarll I. King of England, d. 7 July,T= Eleanor, dau. of Ferdinand III. King of 
1307. I Castile. 



The Princess Elizabeth, dau. of Edward I.=p Humphrey de Bohnn, Earl of Hereford and 
and widow of John, Earl of Holland, Essex, slain at Boroughbridge, 1321. 

I 

William de Bohun, Earl of Northampton,=p Elizabeth, dau. of Bartholomew de Badles- 
K.G., d. in 1360. | mere, and widow of Edmund Mortimer. 

, 1 

Lady Elizabeth, dau. of William de Bohun,^ Richard Fitzalan, Earl of Arundel, beheaded 
Earl of Northampton, K.G. 21 Richard II. 

I 

Thomas, Lord=^Lady Elizabeth 
Mowbray, Earl | dau and coheir ( 
Marshal. ^ Earl of Surrey. 



Thomas, Lord=pLady Elizabeth Fitzalan,=p Sir Robert Goushill, Knt. of Heveringham. 
Mowbray, Earl | dau and coheir of Richard, 



Joan, dau. and coheir of Sir Robert Goushill,=j= Thomas, Lord Stanley, K.G., d. in 1458-9. 
of Heveringham. | 

1 ' 

Sir William Stanley, K.G., of Holt, (2nd son of Thomas, Lord Stanley,) 
i Chamberlain to Henry VII. 



I 

Jane, dau. of Sir William Stanley, K.G.=y: Sir John Warburton, of Warburton and 

Arlev, Knight of the body to Henry VII., 
d. 15 Henry VIIL 



Sir Piers \N arburton, Knt. of Warburton and=T= Elizabeth, dau. and eventual heiress of Rich- 
Arley, eldest son, d. 5 June, 4 Edward VI. ard Winnington, of Winnington. 

, 1 

Jane, eldest dau. of Sir Piers Warburton,=r Sir William Brereton, Knt. of Brereton, bur. 
Knt. I there, 4 Sept. 1559. 



Elizabeth, dau. of Sir William Brereton,=p Thomas Venables, Esq., Baron of Kinderton, 
Knt., d. June, 1591, bur. at Meddlewich. | d. 8 Dec. 1606, Inq. p. m., 4 Jac. 

I 1 

Mary, dau. of Thomas Venables, Baron of^ Richard Assheton, Esq. of Middleton, co. 
Kinderton. j Lancaster. 

I ' 

Ralph Assheton, Esq. of Middleton, M.P.=t= Elizabeth, dau. of Jolm Kaye, Esq., of 
for Cheshire, d. 17 Feb. 1G50. Woodsome. 

1 ' 

Sir Ralph Assheton, Bart, of Middleton, so=pAnne, dau. of Sir Ralph Assheton, Bart, of 
created 17 Aug. 1660. | Whalley Abbey, co. Lancaster. 

I ^ 

John Assheton, Esq. of Burn, co. York, 2nd son of Sir Ralph Assheton, Bart, of Middleton. 



I ' 

Anne Assheton, eldest dau. and coheir.^f^ Robert Mitford, Esq. of Mitford Castle, 6. 

I 1662, High Sheriif of Northumberland, 1697. 

1 1 

Robert Mitford, Esq. of Mitford Castle, High^Mary, dau. of Sir Richard Osbaldeston, Knt. 
Sheriff in 1723, b. 6 Aug. J686, d. 20 July, 1 of Hunmanby, co. York. 
1756. 



Robert Mitford, Esq. of Mitford Castle, i.=F Anne, dau. of John Lewis, Esq. of Jamaica. 
1718, d. 1784. ^ 



I 



Bertram Mitford, E.sq. of Mitford Castle, 6.=FTabitha, dau. of Francis Johnson, Esq., 
1749, d. in May, 1800. | M.D., of Newcastle. 

, .J 

Kobcrt fHitfovlr, Esq. of Mitford Castle,— Margaret, dau. of James Dunsmure, Esq. 
Rear Admiral, K.N., b. 26 Jan, 1781 ; 19ih 
in direct descent from Edward I. King of 
England. 



C6tiotopf)Ct Coloer, (2^0:1. anU 



PEDIGREE CXXXVII. 



JLatJi) ^opl)ia iTvnncc^ CuSt, ijtS iuifc. 



Crfjarlflliagnc, Emperor of the West,=pHildegarde, dan. of Childebrand, 
A.D. 800, d. 8M. I Duke of Swabia. 



Pei)in, King of Italy, youngest 
son of Charlemagne, d. 810. 

, J 



1 



iaifreti tf)f <ercat.=FElawiih. 
King of England, 

rf. yoi. 



Judith, of=j=Louis Emperor of the 



Bavaria. 



West, and King 
France, d. 840. 



of 



Bernard, King of Italy, deposed, 
d. 818. 



Herman- =^Charles the Bald, d. 



Pepin, Lord of Peronne, 
Count of Vermandois. 

J 



trude and 
Rechilde. 

r 



877, Emperor of the 
West, and King of 
France. 



ETHELvvoiF,=:Tiie Prin-=j:Baldwin, 1st Count of 



Herbert, 2nd Count of 
Vermandois, killed 902. 



King of Eiig- 
gland, 1st 
husband. 



cess Ju- 
dith, dau. 
of Chas. 
the Bald. 



Flanders, d. 880, 2nd 
husband. 



J" 



r 



I — 
Herbert, 3xd Count 

Vermandois. 



of 



J 



Baldwin, 2d: 
Count of 
Flanders, m. 
889, rf. 918. 



:Ethchvida, dau. of Al- 
fred THE Great. 



King 



Adela, dau. of Herbert 
Count of Vermandois. 



Srd^Arnoul the Great, 3rd Count 
I of Flanders, d. 965, «t. 81. 



Baldwin, 4th Count of Flan-: 
ders, d. 961, v.p. 



Edward the Elder, 
of England. 

, ^ 

Edmund I. King of Eng- 
land. 

. 7 



Arnoul, 5th Count of Flan-^ 
ders, d. 988. 



^Maud, dau. of Conrad I. le 
Pacifique, Roi de Bour- 
gogne Tansjurane. 

■ Rosalie, dau. of Berengere 
II. King of Italy. 



Edgar, King of England, 
d. 975. 



Baldwin, 6th Count of Flan-^Ogiva or Gunigunda, dau. 



ders, (Le Barbec), d. 1036. 



of Frederick I. (le Baviere) 

Count of Luxembourg. 



Baldwin, 7th Count of Flan-=p Adela, 
ders, d. 1067. 



r 



dau. of Robert II, 
King of France, and wi- 
dow of Richard III. Duke 
of Normandy. 



Maud, dau. of Baldwin, 7th=^ William the Conqueror, 
Count of Flanders. 6. about King of England, d. 1087. 
1031, d. 3 Nov. 1083. 



Ethelred, the Unready. 

, J 

Edmund Ironside, King 
of England. 

, J 

Edward tho Exile. 

Malcol:*! CANMORE,^Margarpt, sole heiress 



King of Scotland, 
son of Duncan, King 
of Scotland, d. 1093, 



of the 
Kings. 



Saxon line of 



r- 



I 



_L 



Henrv I., King-pMatilda, dau. of Gundred, dau. -j-William, Earl Maud, dau. of ^DavidI. King 



of England, d. 
1130. 



Malcolm Can 
more, King of 
Scotland. 



of William the 
Conqueror 



Warren, in arms 
at the battle of 
Mortimer, 1055. 



Waldeoff, Earl 
of Northumber- 
land. 



Henry =MATiLnA=^Geofrrey Plantage- 
net.Comte d'Anjou, 
son and heir of 
Ffoulk, King of Je- 
rusalem, by Ercm- 
burga, dau. of He- 
lius, Count of Mans, 
d. 7 Sept. 1150. 



T 



V. Em- dau. of 

perorof Henry I. 

Ger- dr 4 Sept. 

many. 1167. 



Gerald de=pEditha. dau. 

Gurnay. j of William, 
Earl of War- 
ren. 



William =FElizabeth, 



of Scotland. 



de War- 
ren, Earl 
of Sur- 
rey. 



dau. of 
Hugh, 
Count of 
\'erman- 
dois. 



Henry II. King of^Eleanor, dau. and Hugh de Gur=p Maud, sister 



England, b. 
m. 1151, d. 7 
1180. 



1133, 
July, 



coheir of William 
V. Duke d'Aqui- 
taine, divorced wife 
of Louis VII. King 
of France, d. 20 
I June, 1202. 



nay, 



d. 1184. 



of Ralph de 
Peronne, 
Count of Ver- 
mandois, 



Adeline, dau. 
of William, 
Earl of War- 
ren & Surrey. 



^Ilenry, Ear 
of Hunting- 
don, d.v.p. 
1152, son of 
David I. King 
<if Scotland. 



2d 



PrDlGEEE CXXXVI 



Cbn^topfiet Cottier, (!5sq. ann 



6 



1 

John", King of Eng-' 
land, b. 1166, tti. 
in 1200, rf. 17 Oct. 
1-216. 



^Isabel, dau. & heir 
of A5'mer Taillefer, 
Comte de Angovu 
leme. 



Hugh de Gui- 
nay, d. 1221. 



I 

Milicent 

Gurnay. 



de=F 



HEiRT III 

of England, 6. 1 
Oct. 1206. m. 14 
Jan. 1236, d. 16 
Nov. 1272. 



King=j=Eleanor, 2nd dau. 
and coheir of Ray- 
mond Berenger, 
Comte de Pro- 



William 
Cantilupe, 
1253. 



de: 
d. 



rence. 



■ Lucy, sister of 
Robert de 
Berkeley, who 
d. 1219. 
William de 
Cantilupe, d. 
1250. 

^Eve deBraose 
dau. and co- 
heir of Wil- 
liam deBraose 
brought the 
castle of Ber- 
gavenny. 



Maud, dau. of=pDavid, Earl of 



Hugh, Earl of 
Chester. 



Huntingdon, 
d. 1219. 



Henry de=pAda, dau. of 
Hastings. ~ . . — . 



David, 

of 

don. 



Earl 



Hunting- 



George, Baron of Bergavenny, 
d.s.p. 



1 1 

Joan Cantilupe.=T= Henry, Lord 
I Hastings. 
I , 



Edward I. King of^Eleanor, dau. of =j=Margaret, dau. of Philip HI. 



England, b. 
June, 1?39. 



Ferdinand III. 
King of Castile, 
1st wife. 



King of France, 2nd wife. 



Isabel le De- 
spencer, dau. 
of Hugh, Earl 
ofWinchester. 



=p John, Lord 
Hastings, 
competitor for 
the crown of 
Scotland, in 
1285, d. 1313. 

Edward Il.-plsabella, Joan, of=pGilbert Edmund=j=Margaret, Margaret Foliott,=T: Hugh, son of 



King of Eng- 
land mur- 
dered, 1326. 



dau. of 
Philip IV. 
King of 
France. 



Acres, 
dau. of 
Edw. I. 



de Clare, 
Earl of 
Gouces 
ter. 



Planta- 
genet, 
Earl of 
Kent, 
son of 
Edw. I. 



sister and 
heir of 
Thomas, 
Lord 
Wake. 



dau. and coheir 
of Sir Richard 
Foliott, of Gres- 
sing Hall, and 
Elsing, CO. Nor- 
folk. 



Edward III. 
King of Eng- 
land, d. 1377. 



I 

Lionel,^ 
of Ant- 
werp, 
Duke 
of Cla- 
rence, 
2nd son 
of Ed- 
ward 
IIL 



^Philippa, of 
Hainault. 



Eleanor, dau.-i-Hugh Le 



and coheir 
Gilbert de 
Clare. 



of 






Despencer. 



~i 



John, Baron 
Hastings, d. 
1347. 



Lady Phi-: 
lippa Plan- 
tagenet. 



^Edmund 
Mortimer, 
Earl of 
March. 



I — 
Rogi r. 



of 
d. 



March, 
lb98. 



Earl=^Eleanora, 



dau. of 
Thomas, 
Earl of 

Kent. 



rme 

Swyn- 

ford. 



Lady = 

Joan, 

dau. 

of 
John 

of 
Gaunt. 



-J 



I 

Richard 



Lady Anne^ 
Mortimer, 
dau. & heir 
of Roger, 
March. 



a 



■Richard Plan- 
tagentt, Earl 
of Cambridge, 
son of Ed- 
mund of Ldnsr. 
ley. 

I 

b 



■■ Ralph 

Neville, II. King 

Earl of of Eng- 



West- 
more- 
land. 



land, 
d.s p. 



FairMaid 

of Kent, 

only dau. 

& heir of 

Edmund, 

Earl of 

Kent, m. 

1st, Wm. 

Monta- 

cute,Earl 

of Salis- 

burv. 
' I 

Thomas 
Holland, 
2nd Earl 
of Kent, 
Marshal 
of Eng- 
land, d. 
13i>7. 



Thos. 
Hol- 
land, 



Lord 

Le 

De- 



:Lady Edmund=T=Isabel, John of=pKathe-EDWARD=j= Joan .the=j= Sir Edw.^Eliza- Anne,=pHugh 

Eliza- ~ " " ' ' " _ - . - 

beih 

de 

Burgh, 
dau. & 
heir of 
WiU 
liam 

de 

Burgh, 
Earl of 
Ulster. 



of Lang 
ley, 
Duke of 
York, 
4ih son 
of Ed- 
ward 
III 



dau. & Gaunt, 
coheir K.G., 
of Duke 
Peter, ofLan- 
King caster, 
of Cas- 3rd son 
tile. of Ed- 
ward 
III. 



the 
Black 
Prince, 
1st son 
of Ed- 
wardIII. 
3rd hus- 
band. 



K.G., spen- 
2nd cer. 
hus- 
band. 



beth, dau. 
dau. of Sir 
of Adam 
Lord Ever- 
Burg- ing- 
hersh. ham. 



buri- 
ed 
1369, 
at 
Don- 
caster 



^Lady Anne, dau.=rHugh, d. 

Alice of Edward, on his 

Fitzalan, Lord De- pilgrim- 

dau. of spencer. age to 

Richard, Jerusa- 

Earl of lem,1370. 
Arundel. 



Lady 
Eleanor 
Holland, 
4th dau. 
& even- 
tual co- 
heir. 



=pTliomas 

Monta- fort, Earl of 
cute, Earl Somerset, 
of Salis- 
bury. 



— I 



Margery, - 
dau. of Sir 
John Den- 
ham. 
John Beau-=Lady Anne, dan. - 
Mar- of John, or 
garet Thomas, 
Hoi. Luid ilcr- 
land. ley. 



^Edward. 



: Sir John, 
buried at 
Elsing, 
1471. 



L- 



/ 



a 



Richard, 
Duke of 
York, Pro- 
tector. 



=^Cicely, 
dau. of 
Ralph Ne- 
ville, Earl 
of West- 
moreland. 



r 



Edward =pLady Eliza- 
IV. King beth Wid- 
of Eng- ville, dau. 
land, d. of Richard, 

1483. Earl of Ri. 



vers. 



The Prin- 
cess Eliza- 
beth Plan- 
tagenet, 
dau. of 
Edw. IV, 
d. 1.503. 



=FHenryVII. 

King of 
England, d. 
1509. 



The Prin.: 
cess Mary, 
dau. of 
Hen.VII. 



Lady Ele-: 
anor Bran- 
don, dau. 
of Charles, 
Duke of 
Sufifolk. 



^Charles 
Brandon, 
Duke of 
Suffolk, d. 
21 August, 
1545. 

=pHenry Clif- 
ford, 2nd 
Earl of 
Cumber- 
land. 



Lady Mar-: 
garet Clif- 
ford, dau. 
of Henry, 
2nd Earl 
of Cum- 
berland. 



^HenryStan- 
ley,4th Earl 
of Derby, d. 
1593. 



Ferdinand^Alice Spen- 
Stanley, ( cer, dau. of 



5th Karl of 
Derby, d. 
1594. 



Frances = 
Stanley, 
dau. of 
Ferdinand 
5th Eatl of 
Derby, d. 
11 March, 
1635. 

a 



Sir John 
Spencer ; 
m. 2ndly, 
Sir Thomas 
Egerton, 
Baron of 
Ellesmere 
Viscount 
Brackley. 



:John Eger- 
ton, 1st Earl 
of Bridge- 
water, d. 
1649. 



Cbnstopbcr Cotoer, oBsq. ann pedigree cxxxvn. 



e d e 



llichardNe— j-Lady Alice 



ville. Earl of 
Salisbury, 
2nd son of 
Ralph, 1st 
Earl of 
Westmore- 
land. 



IMontacutc, 
dau. of 
Thomas, 
Earl of 
Salisbury. 



I 
Edmund, = 

Duke of 

Somerset, 

fell at the 

battle of 

St. Albans, 

1445. 



John, Mar--T-Isabcl, dau. 



quess of 
Montacute, 
slain at Bar- 
net.in 1471. 



and heir of 
SirEdmimd 
de Ingolds- 
thorpe. 



Margaret, ■ 
widow of 
Lord Staf- 
ford. 



=Eleanor,dau. 
and coheir 
of Richard 
Beauchamp, 
Earl of War- 
wick. ; 



=Sir Richard" 
Darrell,Knl, 
of Littlecote 
Wilts. 



Lucy, daii.-r-Sir Thomas Darrell. 



Margery =r"Sir Thomas 



and coheir 
of John, 
Marquess 
of Monta- 
cute. 



Fitzwilliam 
of Alwark, 
CO. York, b. 
1448, d. 
1495. 



Long, Knt. 
of Draycote, 
Wills. 



Sir Henry-pEIeanor,dau. 



Thomas -T-Agnes, dau. 



Long. 



Fitzwilliam 
of Aldwark, 
slain at 
Flodden. 



I 

dau.= 



Alice, 
and heir of 
Thomas 
Fitzwilliam 



of Sir Hugh 
Pagenham, 
m. 2ndly, 
Sir William 
Sidney. 

-Sir James 
Foljambe, 
d. 1558. 



of Richard 
Wrottc^ley, 
of Staflbrd- 
shire. 



I 

Robert =^Barbara,dau. 



Long, of 
Wraxhall. 



Geo. Fol- =^Ursula,dau. 



jambe, 2nd 
son,ofBrim- 
ington, CO. 
Derby, b. 
15,38, d. 
1588. 



of Richard 
Whalley, of 
Screveton, 
tn. 2ndly, 
Ralph Sta7i- 
sal. 



Sir Walter 
Long. 



J 



of Sir Edw. 
Carne, Knt. 
of Glamor- 
ganshire. 



pCatherine, 
dau. of Sir J. 
Thynne, of 
Longlete, 
Wilts. 



Troth, dau.=T=Sir Edward Long. 



Sir Walter-pLady Anne 



and heir of 
Geo. Fol- 
jambe, bapt. 
1573. 



Bellingham 
of New- 
limber, co. 
Sussex. 



.J 



Ley, dau. of 
•lames. Earl 
of Marlbo- 
rough. 



Ursula, dau.^y^Thomas Sir James-rl^orothy, 



of Sir Ed- 
ward Bel- 
lingham. 



Woodcock. Long. 



Edward =pMary. 
Woodcock, 
Esq. of 
Newtimber, 
Sussex. 



dau. of Sir 
Edward 
Leecli, Knt. 
of Chats- 
worth, Der- 
by. 



Anne=^Sir Richard 



Long. 



Ursula, dau.^Sir Purey 



of Edward 
Woodcock, 
d. June, 
1683-4. 



Cusl, 
knighted by 
William 
III.,rf. Feb. 
lfi98-9. 



Mason, 
Clerk of the 
Green Cloth. 



Dorolhy^Sir William 



Mason. 



Brownlow, 
of Belton, 
Lincolnsh. 



f 

I 
Anne, dau.=pSir Hugh, 
of Sir Wil I 
liam Gas- I 
coigne. | 



Anne, dan.' 
and heir of 
Alexander 
Brabezon. 

Catherine, 
as widow, 
presented 

to the 
church of 
Slanlield, 
13 Nov. 
1556. 

Sir Hamon 
L' Estrange, 
Knt. of 
Hunstan- 
ton, High 
Sheriff of 
Norfolk, 
1573, d. 
1579. 

Mary, dau.' 
of Sir Robt. 
Bell, Chief 
Baron of 
the Exche- 
quer. 



Alice, dau. 
and coheir 
of Richard 
Stnbbs, of 
Sedgeford. 



Anne, dau.: 
and heir of 
Sir Edward 
Lewknor, 
Knt., de- 
scended 
from Mar- 
garet Rad- 
mylde, sis- 
ter & coheir 
of Hugh de 
Camoys, 
Baron Ca- 
moys. 



-rCieorge, d. 
1 1 June, 
1511. 



I I 

=FSir Hugh, 
d. before 
13 Nov. 
1556. 



=pElizabeth, 
dau. ofSir 
Hugh 
Hastings. 



1 

-Sir Nicho- 
las L'Es- 
t range, 
M.P. for 
Norfolk, 
d. 22 Dec. 
1592. 



^SirHamon 

L'Es- 
trange, d. 
in .Tune, 
1654, aged 
71. 

:Sir Nicho- 
las L'Es- 
trange, 
created a 
Baronet, 
1 June, 
162.0, d. 24 
July, 1656, 
aged 52. 



L. 



Elizabeth, ^Sir Nicho 



dau. of Sir 
Justinian 
Isham, Bt. 
2iid wife. 



las L'Es- 
t range, 2d 
Baronet, 
d. in Dec. 
1669. 



PEDIGREE CXXXVII. 



a 

I 
John, 2[idEarlof: 

Bridgewater, d. 

2G Oct. 1686. 



John Egerton,3rd= 
Earl of Bridge- 
WKler, b. 9 Nov. 
1G4G, d. 19 Mar. 
17U1. 



JLatiy ^opljta dFraii«£i Cu^t, ijisi luifc. 
6 c 



I 

Henry Egerton, 
Canon of Christ 
Church, Oxford, 
Bishop of Heie. 
ford, 1724, d. \ 
April, 1746. 



.J 



John Egerton, '■ 
Bishop of Ban. 
gor, 1756, Lich. 
field, 1768, and 
Durham, 1771, d. 
June 18, 1787. 



I 

Amelia Egerton,: 
dau. of John, Bp. 
of Durham, and 
sister of John, 7th 
Earl of Bridge- 
water. 



-J 



^Elizabeth, dau. 
ofWilliamCaven- 
dish, 1st Duke of 
Newcastle, d. 14 
June, 1663. 

-Jane, dau. of 
Henry Paulet, 
6th Duke of 
Bolton, d. 23 
May, 1716. 

-Elizabeth Ariana, 
dau. of William 
Bentinck, Earl of 
Portland. 



:Anne Sophia 
Grey, dau. of 
Henry de Grey, 
Duke of Kent, 
by Sophia, his 
wife, dau. of 
Wm. Bentinck, 
Earl of Portland. 
d. 1700. 

=Sir Abraham 
Hume, Bart, 
of Worm ley- 
bury, Herts. 



L- 



Sir Richard: 
Gust, Bart, 
of Leasing- 
ham, d. 25 
July, 1734. 



Sir John: 
Cust, Bart. 
Speaker of 
the House 
of Com- 
mons, d. 24 
Jan. 1770. 



1 

Sir Brown-: 
low Cust, 
created Ba- 
ron Brown- 
low, of Bel- 
ton, 1776, 
d. 25 Dec. 
1807, aged 
63. 



:Anne, dau. 
of Sir Wil- 
liauiBrown- 
low, Bart., 
d. 1779. 



:Ethelred. 
2nd dau. ii, 
coheir of 
Thomas 
Payne, of 
Hough 
on the 
Hill, d. 2 
Jan. 1775. 



:Frances, 
dau. and 
heir of Sir 
Henry 
Bankes, 
Knt., and 
Alderman 
of London, 
d. 13 April, 
1847, aged 
90. 



Robt. Tash, bapt. ■ 
in Aug. 1652, son 
of Sir Geo. Tash, 
of Delaford Park, 
Iver, CO. Bucks, 
knighted, 1662. 

Elizabeth, dau. of: 
W. Holbeach,Esq. 
of Farnborough, 
CO. Warwick. 



:Elizabeth, dau. of 
Sir Nicholas L'Es- 
trauge, 2nd Bart. 



:George Tash, Esq. 
of Delaford Park, 
b. 1686. 



ChristopherTower,=pJane, eldest dau. 



Esq. of Hunts- 
more Park, CO. 
Bucks, M. P. d. 26 
Sept. 177J. 



and coheir of Geo. 
Tash, Esq. of 
Delaford Park d. 
26 July, 1722, 
2nd wife. 



Elizabeth, only 
dau. of George 
Baker, Esq. of 
Elemore Hall, co. 
Durham, d. April, 
1823. 



Harriet, dau. of 
Sir Thomas Beau- 
champ Procter, 
Bart, of Langley 
Park, Norfolk, 



:^ChristopherTower, 
Esq. of Huntsmore 
Park, Bucks, and 
of Weald Hall, co. 
Essex,High Sheriff 
forBedfordshire, d. 
10 March, 1810. 

^Christopher Thos. 
Tower, Esq. of 
Weald Hall, co. 
Essex, M.P., High 
Sheriff for Essex, 
J. P., D.L.&c. 



Sophia Hume, dau 
Abraham Hume, 
d. 1814. 



of Sir=pJohn Cust, Baron Brown 



Bart. 



low, created Earl Brown 
low and Viscount Alford, 
Nov. 27, 1815. 



Hatrg gopf)ia,-fFranc£S CTust, dau. of:^Crfjrt6top]&{'r CotOCr, Esq of Hunts- 
John, 1st Earl Brownlow. | more Park, M.P., J. P., D.L. 



Christopher John Hume, son 
and heir, b. Jan. 20, 1841. 



Amelia Frances 
Harriet. 



Lucy Sophia. 



--\ 

Charlotte 
INIarian. 



1 

Adelaide 
Caroline. 



Beatrice Kathe. 
riue Frances. 



(jBaCl of i^UilfOCD. PEDIGREE CXXXVIU. 



IHlltDartl H., King of England.=y: Margaret, dau. of Philip III. King of 

France. 



T- 



I 

Edmund Plantagenet, surnamcd " of Wood-=T= Margaret, sister and heir of Thomas, Lord 
stock," Earl of Kent. Wake. 

I ' 

Joan, "The Fair Maid of Kent," only dau.=i=Sir Thomas Holland, K.G. 
and heiress of Edmund, Earl of Kent. 

Thomas Holland, Earl of Kcnt.=r=The Lady Alice Fitzalan, dau. of Richard, 

Earl of Arundel. 

I ' 

Lady Margaret Holland, dan. and eventual=p John Beaufort, Earl of Somerset, Marquess 
coheir. of Dorset, K.G., son of John of Gaunt, d. 



in 1410. 



-J 



Edmund Beaufort, Duke of Somerset, K.G.,=p Aleanor, dau. and coheir of Richard Beau- 
slain in 1445. champ. Earl of Warwick. 

I 
Lady Anne Beaufort, dau. and eventual co-^Sir William Fasten, Knt. 
heir. 

I ' 

Anne, eldest dau. and coheir of Sir William=pSir Gilbert Talbot, Knt. 
Paston. 



I 

Elizabeth, dau. and coheir of Sir Gilbert=j: John Lyttleton, Esq., d. 17 May, 1532. 
Talbot, Knt. 



Sir John Lyttleton, knighted by Queen Eliza-^ Bridget, dau. and coheir of Sir John Pa- 
beth in 1556, ut Kenihvorth, d. 15 Feb. kington, Knt. 
1589-90. 

I 

Margaret, dau. of Sir John Lyttleton, Knt.=p Samuel Marrow, Esq. of BerksweL, d. 1610. 



O" 



Sir Edward Marrow, Knt. of Berkswell, e?.^ Ursula, dau. of Richard Fiennes, Lord Say 
1632. and Sele. 



J^ 



Samuel Marrow, Esq. of Berkswell, d. 1635.=pAnne, dau. of Gerrard WTiorwood, Esq. of 

Sturton Castle. 






Edward Marrow, Esq. of Berkswell.=T=Anne, dau. of Sir Thomas Grantham, of 

Goltho, CO. Lincoln. 

I ' 

Sir Samuel Marrow, Bart., so created 16=T=Mary, dau. and heir of Sir Arthur Cayley, 
July, 1679. Knt. of Newland, co. Warwick. 

I ' 

Anne Marrow, eldest dati. and coheir of Sir^Sir Arthur Kaye, Bart, of Woodsome, co. 



Samuel Marrow, Bart. 



Elizabeth Kaye, only child and heiress of^ Francis, Lord North and Guilford, created 
Sir Arthur Kaye, Bart., and widow of George, 
Viscount Lewisham, eldest son of William, 
1st Earl of Dartmouth, 



York, M.P., d. 10 July, 1726. 

Francis, Lord North ar 
Earl of Guilford, 1752. 



The Hon. and Rt. Rev. Brownlow North,=^ Henrietta Maria, dau. and coheir of John 



Bishop of Lichfield, of Worcester and of 
Winchester, successively : d. I'ith July, 
1820. 



Bannister, Esq., d. 1796. 



The Kfb. jFranriS /lort^, iparl of <J^utl-=f: Harriett, dau. of Licut.-Gen. Sir Henry 



fortr, succeeded his cousin as 6th Earl, 
1827 ; 18th in direct descent from Edward 
I. King of England. 



Warde, G.C.B. 2nd wife. 



I ' 1 

Dudley, Lord North, sou and heir. Other Issue. 



PEDIGtlEE CXXXIX. 



Cbe IRt S)on. IBaton Cranstoun. 



i^cnrp HE. King of England.=FEleanor, dau. and coheir of Ray- 
mond Berenger, Count of Provence. 



Koftcrt Utuce, 

King of Scotland. 



Edward I. King of=?=Margaret, dau. Blanche, Queen ^pEdmund, Earl 



England. 



of Philip III. Dowager of Na- 
King of France, varre. 



Edmund Plantage-=FMargaret, sister Maud, dau. and= 



net, surnamed " of 
Woodstock," Earl 
of Kent, 2nd son. 



and heir of Tho- heir of Sir Pat- 
mas, Lord rick Chaworlh. 
Wake. 



of Lancaster. 



=Henry, Earl 
of Lancaster. 



Walter, =p The 

Lord 

High 
Steward 
of Scot- 
land. 



Edward ^Joan Plantagenet.^Sir Thos. de Richard: 



the Black 
Prince, 
3rd hush. 



the "Fair Maid of 
Kent," m. lst,Wil 
liam Montacute, 
Earl of Salisbury. 



King Richard 
IL d.s.p. 



Holland, Fitzalan, 

K.G. Lord Earl of 

Holland, 2nd Arundel, 
husband. 



H 



:Lady Ele- 
anor Planta- 
genet, -widow (- 

of John, Lord Robert II., 
Beaumont. King of Scotland. 



Prin- 
cess 
Mar- 
gery, 
dau. of 
Robert 
Bruce. 



Thomas de Holland,=pLady Alice Fitzalan, dau. 



2nd Earl of Kent. 



of the Earl of Arundel. 



Robert III. 



John Beaufort, Marquess^ Lady Margaret =Thomas Plantagenet, King of Scotland. 



of Dorset, son of John of 
Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, 
by Katherine Swynford. 



Holland, 2nd dau. Duke of Clarence, son 
and eventual co- of Henry IV. 2nd hus- 
heir. band. 



Lady Joan Beaufort, dau. of John, Marquess=p James I., King of Scotland, 
of Dorset. 



The Princess Johanna, dau. of James I. of=p James Douglas, 1st Earl of Morton. 

Scotland, and relict of James, 3rd Earl of 

Angus. I 
I 

Lady Janet Douglas, only dau. of James, lst=p Patrick Hepburn, Earl of Bothwell. 
Earl of Morton. 






Adam Hepburn, 2nd Earl of B&thwell, slain=T= A gnes Stewart. 
at Flodden. | 

I ' 

Patrick Hepburn, 3rd Earl of Bothwell, c/.-pMargaret Home. 

in 1556. 



T 



Lady Jean Hepburn, dau. of Patrick, .3rd^ John Stewart, Prior of Coldinghame. 
Earl of Bothwell. 

Francis Stewart, Earl of Both well.=T= Lady Margaret Douglas, dau. of David, 7th 

Earl of Angus. 



Lady Elizabeth Stewart, dau. of Francis, 7th^The Hon. James Cranstoun, younger son of 



Earl of Bothwell. 



William, 1st Baron Cranstoun. 



William, 3rd Baron Cranstoun, s. his^ Mary, dau. of Alexander, Earl of Leven. 
nephew. 



r" 
a 



^ht IRt. Don. T5aron Cranstoun. pedigree cxxxix. 



I 

James, 4th Baron Cranstoun.=pAnne, dau, of Sir Alexander Don, Bart., of 

Newton. 



William, olh Baron Cranstoun, d. 17G8.=j=Jane, dau. of William, 2nd Marquess of 

Lothian. 

I ' 

Jamts, 6th Baron Cranstoun, d. 1773.=r Sophia, dau. of Jeremiah Brown, Esq. of 

I Abscourt, CO. Surrey. 

r -> 

The Hon. Charles Cranstoun, 3rd son of=j=Miss Elizabeth Turner, d. 22 Feb. 1781. 
James, 6th Baron Cranstoun. 



James Edward, 9th Baron Cranstoun, s. his=i=Anne Limington, eldest dau. of John Mac- 



uncle James, the 8ih Baron, 1790, d. 5 
Sept. 1818. 



Namara, Esq. of the island of St. Chris- 
topher. 



panics iPtitDartr CTraiistoun, 10th and present IBaron dranslonn ; 

19th in direct descent from Edwahd I. King of England, and 18th 
from Robert Bruce. 



PEDIGREE CXL. 



Cf)C IRct)» 31o6n IPomrop '3i\btxt 



CTJinarll I. King of England.^Eleanor of Castile. 



Lady Elizabeth Plan- ^Humphrey de Bohun, 



tagenet, dau. of Ed 
WARD I., and -widow of 
John. Earl of Holland. 



Earl of Hereford and 
Essex, Lord HighCon- 
stahle of England. 



Isabel 
France. 



of =pEd\vard n. 
of England. 



Lady Margaret^ 
de Bohun, dau. 
of the Earl of 
Hereford and 
Essex, m. in 
1325. 



^Hugh de Cour- 
tenaj', 2nd 
Earl of Devon, 
d. in 1377. 



Lionel of Ant-= 
werp, Duke of 
Clarence,K.G. 
d. 1363. 



Sir 



Philip 



Courtenay, of 
Powderham 
Castle, d. 7 
Henry VII. 



^Anne, dau. of 



-Elizabeth, 
dau. and heir 
of William 
de Burgh, 
Earl of 
Ulster. 



Philippa of =j=Edward III. 
Hainault. | of England. 
1 , 



King 



King 



Sir Thomas 
Wake. 



Philippa, only=^Edmund 



dau. and heir. 
6. 16 Aug. 
1355. 



Sir John Cour-=FJoan, dau. of 



tenay, 
son. 



2nd 



Mortimer, 
Earl of 
March, &c., 
d. 1382. 



Alexander 
Champer- 
no-«-ne, of 
Beer Ferrers. 



Elizabeth, 
dau. of Ed 
mond, Earl of 
March. 



Sir Philip ^Elizabeth, 



Courtenay, of 
Powderham 
Castle, 6. in 
1404. 



I 

Sir William = 

Courtenay, of 

Powderham 

Castle, d. in 

1485. 



dau. of Walter 
Lord Hunger- 
ford. 



:Margaret,dau. 
of William, 
Lord Bonville. 



=^HenryPercy, 
the renowned 
Hotspur, sou 
of Henry, 
EarlofNorth- 
umbyland. 



Henry Percy ,^Eleanor, dau 
Earl of North- of Ralph, 
umberland. Earl of West- 

slain at St. moreland. 
Albans, 1455. 



Sir William =pCecily, dau. Henry Percy,=pEleanor, dau 



Courtenay, of 
Powderham, 
son and heir, 
d. in 1512. 



of Sir John 
Cheney, of 
Pincourt. 



Earl of North- 
umberland, 
slain at Tow- 
ton Field, 
1460-1. 



Sir William = 
Courtenay, of 
Powderham 
Castle, sur- 
named " the 
Great." 



Sir George 
Courtenay, 
eld. son, d.v.p. 



Margaretjdau. 
of Sir Richard 
Edgecombe, 
Knt. of Cot- 
hele. Comp- 
troller of the 
Household to 
Henry VII., 
1st wife. 
=f^Catherine, 
dau. of Sir 
George St. 
Leger, of 
Annery. 



and heir of 
Richard Poy- 
nings, d. in 
1474. 



Henry Percy,=pMaud, dau 
4th E'arl of 
Northumber- 
land, d. in 
1489. 



of William, 
Earl of Pem- 
broke. 



Eleanor, eld.=T^homa3 



dau. and co- 
heir of Hum- 
phrey de Bo- 
hun, Earl of 
Hereford. 



Plantagenet, 
of Wood- 
stock, Earl of 
Bucking- 
ham, Duke 
of Glouces- 
ter, K.G., d. 
1399. 



n 



Edmund Staf-=pAnne, dau. 



ford. Earl of 
Stafford,KG. 



and coheir 
of Thomas, 
Duke of 
Gloucester. 



1 



Anne, dau. of=pHumphrey 



Ralph Ne- 
ville, Earl of 
Westmore- 
land. 



Stafford, 
Duke of 
Bucking- 
ham, K.G. 



Margaret, =^Humphrey 



dau. of Ed- 
mund Beau- 
fort, Duke of 
Somerset, 
K.G. 



Catherine, = 
dau. of Rich- 
ard Widville. 
Earl Rivers, 
K.G., and 
sister of Eli- 
zabeth, 
Queen of 
Edward IV. 



Stafford, Earl 
of Stafford, 
slain at St. 
Albans, v.p. 



-Henry, Duke 
of Bucking- 
ham, Consta- 
ble of Eng- 
land, K.G., 
beheaded in 
1483. 



r 



Eleanor, dau. of Henrj=^Edmund, Duke of Buck- 



Percy, 4th Earl 
Northumberland. 



of 



ingham, K.G., beheaded on 
Tower Hill, 1524. 



Sir William =^Elizabeth, 



Courtenay, of 
Powderham 
Castle, killed 
at the storming 
of St. Quintin, 
in 1557. 



dau. of John 
Powlett, Mar- 
quess of Win- 
chester. 



Ralph, Earl of West-=^Katherine, dau. of Edmund 
moreland. Duke of Buckingham. 



Henry Manners, 
of Rutland. 



Earl=^Lady Margaret Neville, 
dau. of Ralph, Earl of 
Northumberland. 



-J 



a 



CJ)e Ecu* Mn Pomtoj^ <^mctu 



PEDIGREE CXL. 



a 



I 



Sir William Courfenay Knt., only sou and=pL,ady Eliznbelh Manners, dau. of Henry 
heir, High Sherifl of Devon in J581, d. in I Earl ofKulland. ^ 

1G30. 



Francis Courtenay, Esq. of Powderham Cas-=j= Elizabeth, dan. of Sir Edward Seymour, 
tie, eldest surviving son and heir, d. 1638. Bart, of Berry Pomeroy. ^ 



__i 



^f ;'^«?.h"''r''^'' ^f^- i/,r}''^''\"' Cas-^Margaret, dau. of Sir William Waller, Knt., 
tie, created a Baronet in 1644, d. m 1702. the celebrated Parliamentary General. 



^WMli'lrnl^!""''-''' rf''^-' r^i' '"," °^ Sir^rCatherine, dau. of Sir William Waller, junr. 
William Courtenay, Bart, of Powderham. 



"^nThf ''■ "^ ^'""^^'^ Courtenay, Esq., rf.=pJohn Gilbert, Esq. of Compton Castle, co 



Pomroy Gilbert, Esq. 
eldest son and heir. 



Devon, great grandson of Raleigh Gilbert, 
Esq., nephew of the famous Sir Walter 
Raleigh. 



of Compton Castle,-r I\Iary, dau. of Admiral Edmund Williams, of 
I Plymouth, d. 1786. 



'^Junar'-ini'T)ffi^?'V'.V ""'rif Con.=pAnne, dau. of Henry Garnett, Esq. of Bristol, 
staritine, and Official of the Archdeaconry d. in 1822 
of Cornwall, d. in 1816. 



The Rev. .?lofjn=T=.AIary, 

^^omroD Oil- dau. of 

tcrt, of the Pri- Matthew 

ory, Cornwall, Storm, 

A.M., Preben- Esq. of 

dary of Exeter, Ilfra- 

b. in 1779 ; 17th combs, 

in direct descent Devon, 
from King Ed- 
ward III. 

r 1 

Walter Rilcigh, 
Capt. Royal Art. 



— I 

Jnlin 

Pomroy. 



Henry 

Garnett, 

Lieut. 

R.N., 

lost at 

sea. 



Sir Walter 
Raleigh Gil- 
bert, K.C.B.. 
Majar-General 
E.I.C.S., m. in 
1814, Isabella 
Rose, dau. of 
Major Ross. 



Edmund 
William, 
Comman- 
der, R.N. 
m. and 
has issue. 



Roger 
Pomeroy, 
Major in 
the army. 



Francis 
Yarde, 
Capt. 
R.E., m. 

no issue. 



0:ho 
Lieut. R. 



A. 



Francis 
Hastings. 



Flora Anne. 



Several 
daughters. 



1 

Gora'dinc 
Elizabeth. 



3 c 



PEDIGERE CXLI. 



€arl of Carnigan* 



pjctirp >7JII. King of England, d. 21 Aprilj=pThe Princess Emzabkth Platjt.\genet 



1509. 



eldest dau. and heir of Edward IV. King of 
England. 



Louis XII.=pThe Princess Mary, 2nd dau. of=j= Charles Brandon, Duke of Suffolk, K.G. 2nd 



King of 
France. 



King Henry VII., and sister 
and, in her issue, coheir of 
Henry VIII. 



s.p. 



husband. 



The Lady Francis Brandon, dau. and co-=p Henry Grey, Marquess of Dorset, afterwards 
heir. Duke of Suffolk. 



Lady Jane Lady Katherine Grey, dau.- 
Grey, be- and coheir, 
headed in 
1553. 



Edward Seymour, Earl of Hertford, d. in 
1621. 



Edward, Lord Beauchamp, eldest son, d.v.p.=^ Honora, dau. of Sir Richard Rogers, Knt. of 

Bryanston. 



William, Marquess of Hertford and Duke of=p Lady Frances Devereux, dau. of the ill- 
Somerset, d. 1660. fated Earl of Essex. 



Henry, Lord Beauchamp, elder son and heir,=pMary, eldest dau. of Arthur, Lord Capel, of 
d.v.p. 1656. Hadham. 



-_j 



Elizabeth, dau. and heir of Henry, Lord=p Thomas Bruce, Earl of Elgin and Ailesbury. 
Beauchamp. 



Lady Elizabeth Bruce, dau. of Tlios. Earl=f= George Brudenell, 3rd Earl of Cardigan, d 



of Elgin and Ailesbury 



5 July, 1732. 



The Hon. Robert Brudenell, 3rd son, 6. in=p Anne, dau, of Sir Cecil Bisshopp, Bart., m. 
1726, d. in 1770. in 1759. 



Robert Brudenell, 6th Earl of Cardigan, 6.=p Penelope Anne, 2nd dau. of George John 



in 1769, d. in 1837 



Cooke, Esq. of Harefield Park, Middlesex, 
m. in 1794, d. 1826. 



James Thomas Brudenell, 7th and presents Elizabeth Jane Henrietta, eldest dau. of 
(Pari of (JTavfttgan, llihin direct descent Admiral John R. Delap Tollemache, ni. 19 
from Henry VII. and the Princess Eliza- June, 1826. 
belh of York. 



2BiUmm e^imnp, €sq. 



PEDIGREE CXLII- 



<!FtrlDarlr E. King of England. =f=Margaret, dau. of Philip III. of France, 2ad 

wife. 



Edmund, of Woodstock, Earl of Kent.=pMargaret, dau. of John, and sister and heiress 

I 1 of Thomas, Lord Wake. 

Lady Joan Plautagenet, dau.=f=Sir Thomas Holland, K. G.,=pEdward the Black Prince, 



and heiress, celebrated as the 
Fair Maid of K ent. 



Lord Holland. 



last husband. 



Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl=pLady Alice Fitzalan, dau. of 
of Kent. I Richard, Earl of Arundel. 

The Lady Alianore Holland,=T=Ed\vard The Lady E]eanor=pThoma3 Montacute, Earl of 



Richard IL King 
of England. 



dau. and eventual coheir of 
Thos.Earl of Kent, and widow 
of Roger, Earl of March. 



Cherllon, Holland, dau. and 
Lord coheir of Thomas, 

Fowls. Earl of Kent. 



Salisbury. 



r 



J 



Joyce Cherlton, dau. and=pSir John The Lady Alice=pRichard Neville, Earl of Salis- 



coheir of Edward, 
Powis. 



Lord 



Joane Tiptoft, 2nd dau. and=j=;Sir Ed- 
in her issue, coheir of Sir j mund Ing 
John de Tiptoft. | lethorpe. 



de Tip- Montacute, only 
toft, d. iu dau. and heir. 
-" 1443. 



bury, eldest son of Ralph, 
Earl of Westmoreland, by liia 
second countess, Joan de 
Beaufort, dau. of John of 
Gaunt, son of King Edward 
III. 



Isabel Inglethorpe, dau. and=i=John Neville, Marquess of Richard Neville, Earl of 
heir. Montacute, K.G., 2ud son, c?. Warwick, the renowned 

I i 147L '' King Maker."' 

Lady Anne Neville, eldest dau. and coheir.=f: Sir William Stonor, Knt. of Stonor. 

1 • ' 

Anne Stonor, dau. and eventual heiress. =p Sir Adrian Fortescue, Knt. 
I 

Margaret, eldest dau. and coheir.=p Thos.Wentworth, IstLordWentworth, c^. 1551. 



Thos.Wentworth, 2d LordWentworth, d. 1 590. =p Anne, dau. of Sir John Wentworth, Knt. 

r ^ 

Hen. Wentworth, 3d Lord Wentworth, rf.l594.=f= Anne, dau. of Sir Owen Hopton, Knt., and 



widow of Sir William Pope. 



Thos. Wentworth, Earl of Cleveland, rf. 1667.=pAune, dau. of Sir John Crofts, Knt. 

Lady Anne Wentworth, dau. and evenlual=p John, Lord Lovelace, d. in 1G70. 
heiress. | 

^ .. 1 

Hon. Margaret Lovelace, dau. and eventual^ Sir William Noel, Bart., of Kirkby Mallory, 
heir. co. Leicester, d. 13 April, 1665, aged 33. 

I ^___— _ 

Sir John Noel, Bart., of Kirkby Mallory, c?.=j=Mary, dau. and coheir of Sir John Clobery, 
1 July, 1697. I Knt. 
I 

Anne, dau. of Sir John Noel, Bart., inarriage=f= Francis Mundy, Esq. of Osbaston and Mark- 
settlement dated 22 Jan. 1713. | eaton, co. Derby, Hitrh Sheriff of Leicester- 

, . -' shire in 1714, d. in 1720. 

Wrightson Mundy, Esq., of Markeaton,=f= Anne, sister of Sir Robert Burdett, Bart, of 



D.C.L., High Sheriff of Derbyshire in 1737, 
and M.P. for Leicestershire in 1747, d. 18 
June, 1762, aged 47. 



Foremark, d. 8 Jan. 1759. 



Francis Noel Clarke Mundy, Esq. of Mark-=r Elizabeth, eldest dau. of Sir Robert Burdett, 
eaton, d. 23 Oct. 1815, aged 7G. | Bart., d. 2 Aug. 1807. 

Francis Mundy, Esq., of Markeaton, M.P.=f=Sarah, dau. of John Leaper Newton, Esq. 



for the CO. of Derby, b. 29 Aug. 1771, in. 16 
Dec. 18U0, d. in 1»3(3. 



of Mickleover, co. Derby. 



81i2£lt[l(am i-tluiUlp, Esq, now of Markeaton,= Harriet Georgiana, eldest dau. of James 
6. 14 Sept. 18U1 \ 21st in direct descent from Frampton, Esq. of Moreton, co. Dorset. 
Edward 1. 



PEDIGREE CXLIII- 



William l^empe, toq. 



iStttoarlr 5. King of England. =?= Eleanor, of Castile 



Lady Elizabeth Plantagenet, dau. of Ed— r- Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford and 



WARD I,, and widow of John, Earl of Hol- 
land. 



Essex, Lord High Constable of England. 



Lady Margaret de Bohun, dau. of Humphrey ,-j- Hugh de Courtenay, 2nd Earl of Devon, d. 
Earl of Hereford, m. in 1325. 



in 1377. 



Sir Philip Courtenay, of Powderham Castle,=i= Anne, dau. of Sir Thomas Wake. 
d. 7 Henry IV. 



Sir John Courtenay, 2nd son of Sir Philip-p Joan, dau. of Alexander Champernowne, of 

Courtenay, of Powderham. | Beer Ferrers. 

I 

I 

Sir Philip Courtenay, Knt. of Powderham-p Elizabeth, dau. of Walter, Lord Hungerford. 
Castle, b. in 1404. 1 

r ' 

Sir Edmund Courtenay, Knt. of Deviock, 4th son of Sir Philip Courtenay, Knt. of Pow- 
derham Castle. 



Richard Courtenay, Esq. of Lostwithiel, co. Cornwall. 

, J 

Laurence Courtenay, Esq. of Lostwithiel, co. Cornwall. 
J 



Catherine Courtenay, dau. of Laurence Cour-=j= Thomas Kempe, Esq. son and heir of Wil 



tenay, Esq. of Lostwithiel. 



liam Kempe, Esq. and grandson of Richard 
Kempe, of Lanethan. 



Humphrey Kempe, =FAnne, only dau. of 



Esq. eldest son 



Thomas Peyton, Esq. 
of St. Edmundsbury. 



Winifred, dau. and 
heir of — Penkivel, 
of Penkivel. 



William Kempe, Esq. son and heir. 



T 



Joanna, dau. of John 
Budge, Esq. of L 
kinhorne. 




John Kempe, Esq. 
2nd son. 



mil -p Nicholas Kempe, 
in- Esq. of Rosteage, co. 
I Cornwall, a.d. 1619. 



I 1 

William Kempe,=f:PhiIippa Wood- Nicholas Kempe, Anne Williams,T=John Kempe, Esq. 



Esq. son & heir. 



were,ofBudock. Esq. of Crugsil- ofTreworgey. 
lick, CO. Corn- 
wall, 2nd son. 



hose I 



of Kosteage, eldt^t 
son and heir. 



Richard Kempe,=^Anne, dau 



Esq. of Trego- 
ney, son & heir. 



of J. Day, Esq. 
of Bristol. 



Kempe. 



ElizabethKempe,=^Joseph Taunton, 
eldest dau. and Esq. of Liskeard. 
coheir. 



whose grandson 

John =T=Grace, sis- Mary, dau. of= 

ter of Sir Arthur Spry, 

Nicholas Esq. of Place, 

Trevanion. co. Cornwall. 

Honora, dau. = 
of Charles 
Huddye,Esq. 
of Trethowan. 



^Nicholas Kempe, 
Esq. of Rosteage, 
son and heir. 



^Arthur Kempe, 
Esq. of Rosteage, 
son and heir. 



JamesKempe, Anne Kempe,=f Chas. Kempe, Arthur, 3rd Dorothy, only =f=Nicholas Kempe, 



only son, d. heiress of her 
vnm. brother. 



r" 
a 



b 



Esq. 2iid son. son,(/. w?iw». dau. of James 

Borlase, Esq. 
of Treludders. 



d 



Esq. of Rosteage, 
eldest son & heir. 
High Sheriff of 
Cornwall, 1761. 

1 

e 



William Ecmpc, (^gq. 



PEDIGREE CXLIir. 



a 



John =T=Letitia- 



Kempe, 

Esq. 

eldest 



Mary 
Cory- 
ton. 



son. 



s.p. 



diaries = 
Kempt", 
in Holy 
Orders, 
Rector 
of St. 
Mabyn, 
2d son. 



Catherine 


James =pMary 


Anne, = 


Hocking, 


Kempe, 


War- 


dau. of 


of St. 


of 


wick, 


John 


Udda. 


Truro, 


of 


Cory- 




3rd son. 


Truro 


. ton, 
Esq. of 
Croca- 
don. 



John Kempe. 



r- 



r 



T-T 



d 

I 
^Arthur 

Kempe, 
Adiiii- 
ralR.N. 
4th son. 



Miss: 
Jane 
Geak. 



T-1 



Mary- Harriet. Charles John. Elizabeth. 
Anne. Treva- 

nion, in Peter. Anne Coryton. 

Holy 

Orders. 



I 1 1 

Samuel Nicholas Arthur, 
Kempe, Kemp, d. young. 



•Samuel 
Kempe, 
Esq. 

who sold 
Rosle- 
age, in 
1770. 



eldest 
son, d. 
on a 
voyage 
of dis- 
covery 
with 
Captain 
Cook. 



R.N., d. 

unm. 

1829, 

aged 72, 
2nd son. 



3rd son. 



John =Eliza Jane. Honora, Sarah, dau.: 
Kempe, Dunbar. m. to of the Rev. 

a Mer- John John Lyne, 

chant, Stevens, Rector of St. 

at New Esq. of Ives, and sis- 

York, Surrey, ter of Charles 

d.s.p. Lyne Ste- 

4th son. phens, Esq. 

of Portman 
Square, and 
Chicksand 
Priory, co. 
Bedford. 



-aUtlltam 
lif mpe, Esq. 
formerly of 
RoathCaslle, 
CO. Glamor- 
gan, now of 
Teign Villa, 
CO. Devon, 
17th in direct 
aescent from 
Edward I., 
King of Eng- 
land. 



Nicholas John Kempe, 2nd=^EIlen, dau. of Isaac Holmes, 
son, 6. 30 Nov. 1808. | Esq. of Liverpool. 



William Kempe, elder son 
and heir, h. 14 March, 1806. 



William. James-Fleicher. John. Sarah. Mary- Anne. Ellen-Mason. 



PEDIGKEE CXLIV. 



C!)e Duke of £een0. 



Margaret, dau. of Philip III. of France, =fl£tltoar& I. King of: 
2nd wife. England. 



Thomas Plantagenet,=f:Alice, dau. of 



^Eleanor, dau. of Ferdinand III. 

King of Castile, Isl wife. 



surnamcd de Brother- 
ton, Earl of Norfolk. 



Sir Roger Ha- 
lys, Knt. 



Edward II. King 
England. 



of=pIsabella, dau. of Philip the 
Fair, King of France. 



Lady -j-John, 



Margaret 
Plantage- 
net, 

Duchess 
of Nor- 
folk, dau. 
and heir. 



I — 
Sliza-= 

beth, 

dau. 

and 

heir of 

John, 

Lord 

Se- 

grave. 



r- 
Lionel 



Edward III., King of England, founder of the Most 
Noble Order of the Garter, d. in 1377. 

T . 



Lord Se- Antwerp, 
grave. Duke of 

Clarence, 

K.G., d. 

17 Oct. 

13G8. 



of=pElizabeth John of =f=Catherine, 



Thos., 

de 
Mow- 
bray, 
Duke 

of 
Nor- 
folk. 



■John, 
Lord 



dau. and 
heir of 
William 
de Burgh, 
Earl of 
Ulster, d. 
in 1363. 



Gaunt, 
Duke of 
Lancaster, 
King of 
Castile 
and Leon, 
K.G., d.in 
1399. 



J 



dau. of Sir 
PayneRoet, 
Knt., and 
relict of Sir 
Otho Swin- 
ford, Knt., 
d. in 1403. 



Eleanor, 
eldest dau. 
and coheir 
of Hum- 
phrey de 
Bohun, 
Earl of 
Hereford, 
&c. 



1 

=pThos. Planta- 

genet, of 
Woodstock, 
Earl of Buck- 
ingham, Duke 
of Gloucester, 
K.G., d. in 
1399. 



r 



_L 



Mowbray only dau. 
and heir. 
6.16 Aug. 
1355. 



-Lady Eli- Elizabeth^ 
zabeth dau. of 
Filzaian, Edmund, 
sister and Earl of 
coheir of March. 
Thomas, 
Earl of 
Arundel. 



Philippa, =r=Edmund Joan, =pRalph John=pMar- Ed- =pAnne,' 



Mortimer dau. of 



Earl of 
March, 
&c. d. 5 
Rich. II, 
1382. 



John of 
Gaunt, 
Duke of 
Lancas- 
ter, d. in 
1440. 



J 



=Henry Percy, the 
renowned Hot- 
spur, son of Hen. 
Earl of Northum- 
berland, slain in 
1403. 



Neville, 
Lord of 
Raby, 
created 
Earl of 
West- 
more- 
land, 
Earl 
Marshal 
of Eng- 
land, 
K.G,, d. 
in 1426. 



Beau 
fort, 
Mar- 
quess 
of 
Dorset, 
Earl of 
Somer- 
set. 
K.G., 
d. in 
1410. 



garet, 
dau. 

of 
Thos. 
Hol- 
land, 
Earl 

of 
Kent. 



r 



I 



mond 


dau. 


Staf- 


and 


ford, 


coheir 


Earl 


of 


of 


Thos., 


Staf- 


Duke 


ford, 


of 


K.G. 


Glou- 




cester. 







:SirWil- 
liam 
Bour- 
chier, 
Knt., 
Earl of 
Eu, in 
Nor- 
mandy. 



Lady =j=Sir Ro- Henry ^^Eleanor, Eleanor, =p Edmund Anne, =FHum- Sir John =y:Margery, 



Mar- 
garet 

de 
Mow- 
bray, 
dau. 
and 
even- 
tual 
coh. 



bert 
How- 
ard. 



Percy, 
Earl of 
North- 
umber- 
land, 
slain at 
St. Al- 
bans, 
22 

May, 
1455. 



dan. of dau. of 
Ralph, Richard 
Earl of Beau- 
West- champ, 
moreland. Earl of 
Warwick 
d. in 
1467. 



Beaufort, dau. of 
Duke of Ralph 
Somer- Neville, 
set. Mar- Earl of 
quess of West- 
Dorset, more- 
K,G.,rf. land, 
in 1455. 



phrey Bourchier, 
Staf- K.G., 4th 
ford, son, Lord 
Duke Berners, 
of (jure uxo- 
Buck-m), d. in 
ing- 1474. 
ham, 
KG. 



Sir John=fCathe- Henry Percy,^ Eleanor, 



Howard, 
1st Duke 
of Nor- 
folk, Earl 
Marshal. 



a 



rme, 
dau. of 
Wil- 
liam, 
Lord 
Mo- 
lines. 



Earl of North- 
umberland, 
slain at Tow- 
ton field, 
1460-1. 



dau. and 
heir of 
Richard 
Poynings, 
d. in 
1474. 



Margaret, '■ 
dau. of 
Edmund, 
Duke of 
Somerset. 



H 

Humphrey 

Stafford, 

Earl of 

Stafford, 

slain at St. 

Albans, 

v.p. 



dau. &heir 
of Sir Ri- 
chard Ber- 
ners, Knt. 
Lord Ber- 
ners. 



Jane, dau.=f=Sir Henry 



of Sir John 
Bourchier, 
Lord Ber- 
ners. 



I 



Neville, 
Knt., son 
of George, 
Lord Lati- 
mer ; slain 
1468. 



Cf)C Duke of £ccli0. 



PliUIGKEE CXLIV, 
a b c d 

1,1 II 

Thomas,-r-Elizabeth, Henry ^Maud, Catherine, dau.=f:Henry,Duke Richard =f Anne,dau 



Duke of 
Norfolk, 
K.G., 
the hero 
of Flod- 
den. 



dau. and 


Percy, 


licir of Sir 


4th 


Frederick 


Earl of 


Tilney. 


North- 




umbcr- 




landjrf. 




in 1489. 




r ^ 



dan. of 
William, 
Earl of 
Pem- 
broke. 



of Richard 
Widville, Earl 
Rivers, KG., 
and sister of 
Elizabeth, 
Queen of Ed- 
ward IV. 



of Bucking- Neville, 
ham, Con- LordLati- 



stable of 
England, 
K.G., be- 
headed in 
1483. 



mer. suc- 
ceeded his 
grand- 
father. 



Eleanor, dau. of Henry Percy .^Edward, Duke of Buck 



4lh Earl of Northumberland. 



ingham, K.G., beheaded 
on Tower Hill, in 1524. 



of Hum- 
phreyStaf- 
ford, of 
Grafton, 
CO. Wor- 
cester, 
Knt. 



Thomas Howard,Duke-pElizaheth, dau. of 



of Norfolk, K.G.,a;. in 
1554, 



Edmund, Duke of 
Buckingham. 



Henry Howard, Earl -pF ranees, dau. of John 



of Surrey, beheaded, 
v.p., in 1546. 



Vere, Earl of Oxford. 



.J 



Thomas Howard, Duke-pMargaret, dau. and 



of Norfolk, Earl Mar- 
shal, K.G., beheaded 2 
June, 1572. 



r 



heir of Thomas, Lord 
Audley, of Walden, 
Chancellor of Eng- 
-J land. 



John Neville, Lord La-=j:Dorothy, dau. of Sir 
timer, d. in 1542. George Vere, Knt. and 

sister & coheir of John, 

I ' Earl of Oxford, K.G. 

John Neville, Lord La-=T=Lucy, dau. of Henry 
timer, d. in 1577. | Somerset, Eail of Wor- 

cester, d. in 1582. 

I ' 

Elizabeth, dau. and co-T=Sir John Danvers, of 



heir of John, Lord La- 
timer. 



Dauntsey, co. W^ills, 
Knt., d. in 1594. 



Lord Thomas Howard,-pKatherine, eld. dau 



Eleanor, dau. of Sir =f=Thomas Walmesley, of 



2nd son, created Earl 
of Suffolk, K.G., d. in 
1626. 



and coheir of Sir 
Henry Knyvett. 



John Danversj Knt. 
sister of Henry, Earl of 
Dauby, K.G. 



Thos. Howard, Earl of=pElizabeth,eldest dau 



Dunkenhalgh, co. Lan- 
caster, Esq., son of Sir 
Thomas Walmesley, 
Knt., Justice of the 
Common Pleas. 



Berkshire, K.G., 2nd 
son, d. 16 July, 16G0. 



and coheir of Wil- 
liam, Earl of Exeter- 



Anne, dau. of Thomas=pSir Edward Osborne, of 



dau. of Thomas, Earl 
of Berkshire, K.G. 



Lady Frances Howard, =^Conyers D'Akcy, 
" ' Baron Conyers, and 
Earl of Holderness, 
representative of the 
illustrious family of 
D'Arcy, founded in 
England at the Con- 
-J quest. 



Walmesley, and relict 
of William Midleton, 
Esq. of Stockhold, co. 
York. 



Kiveton, co. York, Bt., 
Lieut. - General to the 
Forces cf Charles I. 



Thomas Osborne, Dukt^Bridget, 2nd dau. of 
of Leeds, K.G., Lord Montague Bertie, Earl 
High Treasurer of Eng- of Lindscy, Lord Great 
land. Chamberlain of Eng- 

I ' land. 

Hon. John D'Arcy, =t= Bridget, dau. of Ro- Peregrine Osborne , 2d=T=Bridget, only dau. and 



M.P. for the co. of 
York, d.v.p. 1688. 



bert Sutton, Lord 
Lexington. 



Robt. D'Arcy, 3rd Earl^Frederica, eldest sur- 
of Holderness, s. his viving dau. and co- 
grandfather, d. 20 Jan. heir of Meinhardt 
1721-2. I Scomberg, Duke of 

( ' Scomberg. 

Robl. D'Arcy, 4th Earl^Mary.dau. of Francis 



Duke of Leeds, Vice 
Admiral of the Red, d. 
25 June, 1729. 



heir of Sir Thos. Hyde, 
Bart. 



Peregrine Hyde Os- =j:Elizabeth, dau. of Ro 



borne, 3rd Duke of 
Leeds,rf.9March,1731. 



bert, Earl of Oxford, 1st 
wife. 



of Holderness, d . 

1778. 



in 



Doublet, Member of 
the States of Holland. 



Thomas Osborne, 4ih=pMarv. 2nd dau. and 



Duke of Leeds, K.G., 
b. 6 Nov. 1713. 



eventually sole heir of 
Francis, Earl Gudol- 
phin. 



^Francis Godolphiii Osborne, 5th Duke of 
Leeds, m. in 1773, d. 31 Jan. 1799. 



Amelia D'Arcy, only dau and heiress of Robt. = 
4th Earl of Holderness, s. her father in the 
Barony of Conyers, 1st wife. 

I ■ 

George William Frederick Osborne, 6th Duke^Charlotte, dau. of George, 1st Marquess Town- 
of Leeds. K.G., d.U) July, 1838. | send. 

I ' 

.■iFranriS GotloI;)f)tU D'arrg (Psbornr, 7th==:rLouisa Catherine, 3rd dau. of Richard Caton, 
and present Dufef of ilrrilS. &c. Ike, 18th in Esq of Maryland, and widow of Sir Felton 
a direct descent from Edward III. King of BalhurstHervey, Bart. 
England. 



PEDIGREE CXLV 



. jTreD. Wnh Cftos, Oernon ^enttoortb, €sq[» 



*!?tttDariI i. King of England.=y= Eleanor, dau. of Ferdinand III. King of 

Castile. 



Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Gloucester.=T= Joan of Acre, dau. of Edward I. King of 

I England. 
I 

Margaret de Clare, dau. and eventual coheir.=T= Hugh de Audley, Earl of Gloucester^ d. 1337. 



Margaret de Audle}-. dau. and beir.=p Ralph, Lord Stafford, and Earl of Gloucester. 



Hugh de Stafford, 2nd Earl of Stafford,K.G.,=pLady Philippa Beauchamp, dau. of Thomas, 



d. in 1386. 



T 



Earl of Warwick. 



Lady Margaret Stafford, eldest dau.=T= Ralph, 1st Earl of Westmoreland, K.G. 



Hon. Ralph Kevill, 2nd son of Ralph, Earl=^ Margery, dau. and coheir of Sir Robert 
of Westmoreland. Ferrers, Lord Ferrers of Wemmer. 

John Nevill, son of the Hon. Ralph Neviil.=p Elizabeth, dau. and heir of Robert Newmarch. 

J 

Joane Nevill, only dau. and heir.=f Sir William Gascoigne, Knt. of Gawlhorpe. 



Margaret Gascoigne, dau. and heir.=^ Thomas Wt-iitworth, Esq. 



Sir William Went worth, of Wentworth Wood-=f= Anne, dau. and heir of Sir Robert Atkins, 
house, Bart., so created 29 June, IGIL Kut. of Stowell, co. Gloucester, 



Sir Thomas Wentworih, cre- 
ated Earl of Strafford, Lord 
Lieutenant of Ireland, be- 
headed in 1641, eldest son. 

, J 



Elizabeth, dan. and coheir of^Sir William Went'vorth, of 



Thomas Savill, Esq. ofHas- 
seldon Hall. 



Ashby Pucrorum, co. Lin- 
coln, Knighted by Charles I., 
fell at Marston Moor, 2nd 

son. 



William Wentworth, 2nd Earl 
of Strafford, K.G. d.s.p. in 
1695. 



T 



Isabella, dau. of Sir AUen^^^-Sir William Wonlworth, 



Apsley, Knt., Treasurer of 
the Household to James, 
Duke of York. 



Sheriff of York, 22 Charles 
II. 



J 



Thomas Wentworth, Esq., inherited from his=f^Anne, dau. and heir of Sir Henrj- Johnson, 



cousin, Wiliiam, 2nd Earl of Strafford, the 
Barony of Raby. Created Viscount Went- 
worth and Earl of Strafford, 4 Sept. 1711. 



Kut. of Bradenham, Bucks. 



The Lady Henrietta Wentworth, youngest-p Henry Vernon, Esq. of Hilton, co. Stafford, 
dau. of Thomas, Earl of Strafford. 



Henry Vernon, Esq. of Hilton, elder son and=r Margaret, dau. of Thomas Fisher, Esq. of 
heir. i Acton, co. Middlesex, 2nd wife. 



J 



Jfrrtrrrirfe 3£ltUlcim (Tfiomas ¥'ernon=pThe Lady Augusta Bmdenell Bruce, 2nd 
iilmltDOltf), Esq. of Weniwurth Castle, j dau. of Charles, Marquis of Aylesbury, 
who has assumed the adJiliunal surname 1 
and arms of Wentworth, ICih in a direct de- | 
scent from Edwahij I. King o( England. j 

, I 



Thomas Frkdhrick Charles, 

sou and heir. 



Other issui 



IRicbarn l^zxbm a9i?tton, eoq. 



FEDIGREE CXI.V I 



OtDarU EH. King of England, d. 21 June,=f Philippa, dan. of William, Earl of Hainault 
1371. 



Edward, 

THE 

Black 
Prince. 



Lionel of =^Lady Eliza- 



Antwerp, 
Duke of 
Clarence. 



beth de 
Burgh. 



John of Edmund =p Isabel, Eleanor, =f Thomas, 
Gaunt, of Lang- 
Duke of ley, Duke 
Lancaster, of York. 



r 



Philippa, only child- 
and heiress of Lionel 
Plantagenet. 



•Edmund Mortimer, 
Earl of March. 



Roger Mortimer, Earl=T=EIeanor, dau. of Tho- 
of March. | mas, Earl of Kent. 

r— — ' r- 



dau. & dau. and 
coheir coheir 

of of Hum- 
Peter, phrcy de 
King of Bohun, 
Castile. Earl of 
Hereford 
and Es- 
sex. 



of Wood- 

slock, 
Duke of 
Glouces- 
ter. 



Anne Mortimer, only=i=Richard Plantagenet, William Bourchier,^Anne Plantagenet, 



dau. & eventual heir of 
Roger, Earl of March. 



Eail of Cambridge 



Earl of Ewe. 



dau. and cohtir. 



Richard Plantagenet, ^j^Cicely, dau. of Ralph 
Duke of York, Pro 
tector of England. 



Neville, Earl of West- 
moreland. 



Isabel Plantagenet,=pHenry Bourchier, 
only dau. Earl of Ewe and 

Essex, d. in 1483. 



Edward IV., King of 
England. 



Anne, dau. of Richard Widvile, Earl of^William Bourchier, 
Rivers, and sister of the Queen of Edw. IV. son and heir, d.v.p. 



John Devereux, Lord Ferrers of Chartley.-pCiceley Bourchier, only dau., sister and sole 

I heiress of Henry, Earl of Essex. 

r— ' 

Walter Devereux, Viscount Hereford, K.G.,-pMary, dau. of Thomas Grey, Marquess of 
d. 27 Sept. 1558. Dorset. 

I ' 

Sir William Devereux, Knt. third son of=f= Margaret, dau. of Robert Garnish, Esq. of 
Walter, Viscount Hereford, K.G. | Kenton, co. Suffolk. 

I -■ 

Sir Edward Devereux, of Castle Bromwich,=i= Catherine, eldest dau. of Edward Arden, Esq. 
CO. Warwick, created a Baronet 25 Nov. | of Park Hall, co. Warwick. 
1612; d. 22 Sept. 1622. 



J 



Sir George Devereux. of Sheldon Hall, co.=p Blanch, dau. and heir of Sir John Ridge, 



Warwick, 4th son of Sir Edward Devereux, 
Bart, of Castle Bromwich. 



Knt. of Ridge, co. Salop. 



George Devereux, Esq. of Vaynor, co. Mont-=p Bridget, dau. and heir of Arthur Price, Esq. 
gomery. ( of Vaynor. 

, 1 

Bridget, dau. of George Devereux, Esq. of^ Richard Mytton, Esq. of Pontyscowryd, High 
Vaynor. | Sheriff of Montgomeryshire in 1674. 

, J 

Richard Mytton, Esq. of Pontyscowryd, d.=f: Dorothy, dau. and heir of Brochwel Wynn, 
in 1773. I Esq. of Garth, CO. Montgomery. 

, 1 

Devereux Mytton, Esq. of Garth, d. 12 May,=pAnne, dau. of Richard Jones, Esq. of Tre- 
18U9, aged 84. | lydan. 
■ L -, 



Richard Mytton, Esq. eldest son and 
heir apparent, d.v.p.^y 



John Mytton, Esq. of Pcnylan, co. 
Montgomery. 



The Rev. Richard Mytton, LL.B. of Garlh^ Charlotte, 2nd dau. of John Herbert, Esq. of 

and Pontyscowryd, d. 21 Feb. 1828. Dolevorgan, co. Montgomery, m. 5Mai-. Ib04. 

I ' 

Utrl^artl P>rrl)rit fHjjtton, Esq. of Garth,=p Charlotte, youngest dau. of Col. MacGregor, 

ICth in a direct descent from Edward III. 

King of England; 6. 2 Dec. 1808; m. IS 

May, 1830. 

2/ 



Militarv Auditor Gtiienil. 



I'EDIGUEE CXLVII. 



<3. ®tcnt)iUe Q^annesfotti IPigott, Csq. 



Margaret, dau. of Philip, King=p?EtltDar&I. KingofEngland,T=Eleanor, dau. of Ferdinand, of 



of France. 2nd wife. 



I 



d. in 1-307 



Edmund Plantage-: 
net, surnanied " of 
Woodstock," Earl 
of Kent. 



L. 



^Margaret, sister & 
heiress of Thomas, 
Lord Wake. 



Eleanor, dau. of Philip- 
of France. 



Castile, 1st wife. 

Edward II., King 
England. 



T 



1 



Philippa, of Hainault. =t=Edward III., King 

I England. 



of 



of 



Joan - 
Planta- 
genet, 
the Fair 
Maid of 
Kent, 
only 
dau. & 
heir. 



Sir =pEdward Lionel of=pLady Eli- Edmund,^Isabel, Eleanor, =FThomas, 



Thos. 
Hol- 
land, 
K.G., 
Lord 
Hol- 
land. 



the 
Black 
Prince, 
last hus- 
band. 



Antwerp, 
Duke of 
Clarence. 



Thomas =T=Lady 
Holland Alice 
2d Earl Fitz- 
of Kent. alan. 



— I 
Richard 

II. King 
of Eng- 
land, d.s.p. 



zabeth de 
Burgh, 
dau. and 
heir of 
William, 
Earl of 
Ulster. 



of Lang- 
ley, Duke 
of York, 
4th son. 



Lady Phi-: 

lippa 
Planiage- 

net. 



: Edmund Mor- 
timer, Earl of 
March. 



Edward =^TheLadyAlianore= 
Holland, dau. and 
coheir of Thomas, 
Earl of Kent. 



Cherlton, 
Lord 
Powys. 
2dhusb. 



:Roger, Earl 
of March. 
1st husband. 



dau. & 
coheir 

of 
Peter, 
King 

of 
Castile. 



dau. and 
coheir of 
Hum- 
phrey de 
Bohun, 
Earl of 
Hereford 



of Wood- 
stock, 
Duke of 
Glouces- 
ter, d. 
1397. 



Lady Anne -^-Richard Plan- 



Joyce Cherl- ■ 
ton, dau. and 
coheir of Ed- 
ward, Lord 
Powys. 



:Sir John de 
Tiptoft, d. in 
]443. 



Mortimer,dau. 
and heir. 



tagenet. Earl 
of Cambridge. 



Rich., Duke -pCicely, dau. 



William - 
Bourchier, 
Earl of 
Ewe. 



of York, Lord 
Protector. 



Joyce, young-=pSir Edmund, 
est dau. and Sutton, eldest 
coheir of Sir son of John, 
John de Tip- Lord Dudley, 
toft. 



of Ralph Ne- 
ville, Earl of 
Westmore- 
land. 



:Ttie LadyAnne 
Plan tagenet, 
widow of Ed- 
mund, Earl of 
Stafford. 



Lady Isabel =T=Henry^our- 
Piantagenet. 



chier. Earl of 
Essex. 



Edward IV.,-i-Lady Eliza- Anne Wide— rWilliam,Yis- 



King 
land. 



of Eng- 



beth Widvill. 



The Princess=pHENRY YII. 



vilie, dau. of 
Richard, 
Earl Rivers. 



count Bour- 
chier, d.v.p. 



1 



John Sutton, =pCecilia, dau 



Lord Dudley, 
d. in 1487. 



r- 



of Sir William 

Willoughby, 

Knt. 



Elizabeth 
Plantagenet, 
of York. 



King of Eng- 
land, d. 1509. 



The Princess -pCharles Bran- 



Edward Sutton, 6th Lord 
Dudley, d. in 1530. 



Mary, widow 
of Louis XII. 
and dau. of 
King H£^RY 
VII. 



don, K G., 
Duke of Suf- 
folk, d. in 
1545. 



Sir John De-=rCecily Bour- 
vereux. Lord chier, sister 
Ferrers, of and heir of 
Chartley. William 

Bourchier, 
Earl of Es- 
sex. 



John Sutton,: 
7lh LordDud- 
ley. 



Edward Sut-: 
ton, 8ih Lord 
Dudley, d. in 
1586. 



a 



:Lady Cecily 
Grey. 



:Jane, dau. of 
Edward, Earl 
of Derby. 



Lady Frances=i=Henry Grej', 



Brandon, d. 
1563. 



KG., Duke of 

Suffolk. 



Lady Mary =T:Walter De- 
Grey, dau. vereux, Yis- 
of Thomas, count Here- 
Marquess of ford. 
Dorset. 



Lady Calhe- =T=Edward Sey- Lady Doro-=pSir Richard 



rine Grey, 
sister of the 
celebrated 
Lady Jane 
Grey. 



raour. Earl of 
Hertford, d. 
1621. 



thyHastings, 
dau. of Geo. 
Earl of Hun- 
tingdon. 



Devereux, 
d.v.p. 



c 



^, ©rcnuillc SSIanDesforD IPigott> €sq. 



PEDIGREE CXLVir. 



a 



Edward Sut-^ 
ton, 9tli Lord 
Dudley, d. in 
1643. 



^Theodosia, 
dan. of Sir 
James Har. 
rington, Knt. 



Edward Sey- 
mour, Lord 
Beaucliainp, 
d.v.p. 1619. 



=j=rionora, dau. 
of Richard 
Rogers, of 
Bryanston. 



Letitia, dan.' 
of Sir Fran- 
cis KnoUys, 
K.G. 



I 
:Waller De. 
verenx, Earl 
of Essex, d. 
157G. 



Sir Frederick Sutton,=pIIonora, dau. of Ed 



K.B., d.v.p. 



Frances, Baroness 
Dudley, only dau. 
and heir, d. 1697. 



The Hon. William = 
Ward, of Wellings- 
worth, CO. Staiford, 
Jure uroris, 2nd son. 



Frances, dau. of the^ 
Hon.WilliamWard. 



ward Lord Beau- 
champ. 



^Sir Humble Ward, 
Lord Ward, of Bir- 
mingham, d. 4 Oct. 
1670. 

:Anne, dau. and heir 
of Thomas Parkes, 
Esq. 



^Robert Pigott, Esq. 
of Ciietwynd, High 
Sheriff of Shropshire, 
in 1697. 



Frances, dau 
Francis Walsingham, 
and widow of Sir Philip 
Sidney. 



of Sir =^Robert Devereux, 

Earl of Essex, Queen 
Elizabeth's favorite. 



Sir Henry Shirley,Bart.=j^The Lady Dorothy 

Devereux, sister and 
heir of Robert, Earl 
of Essex. 

1 

Dorothy, dau. of Hum-=f^Sir Robert Shirley, 



phrey Okeover, Esq. of 
Okeover. 



Bart., m. 164U. 



Elizabeth, dau. and heir^Robert Shirley, Earl 



of Laurence Washing- 
ton, Esq. of Garsden. 



Ferrers, d. 25 Dec, 
1717. 



John Cotes, Esq. of =^Lady Dorothy Shir- 



Woodcote, CO. Salop. 



ley, dau. of Robert, 
Earl Ferrers. 



The Rev.William Pigott, Rector of Edgmond^ Dorothy, dau. of John Cotes Esq. ofWood- 
and Chetwynd, co. Salop, 4th son. | cote. 

' William Pigott, Esq. of Doddershall Park,=F Sophia, only dau. of Sir William Wolseley, 



Bucks, High Sheriff in 1792, d. in 1802. 



J' 



Bart. 



William Pigott, Esq. of Doddershall Park, d.=pAnne, dau. of the Rev.William King, Rector 
2 June, 1833. of Mallow, co. Cork. 



©forgc (J^rfnbille Siaantrfsforlr y igott,Esq.= 
of Doddershall Park, 12th in a direct descent 
from Henry VII., King of England, and 
17th from Edward 111. 



: Charlotte, youngest dau. of William Lloyd, 
Esq. of Aston, m. 30 Oct. 1838. 



Mary-Louisa-Charlotte. 



PEDIGREE CXLVIII. 



^ix JJ)enrp E^lPastonlBeHingfelti, 16art 



?^enr8 VM. King of England, d. 1509.=f=Princess Elizabeth Plantagenet, of York, 

d. 1503. 



Princess Mary Plantagenet, (widow of Louis=pCharles Brandon, K.G., Duke of Suffolk, d 
XII. King of France,) d. 1533. 1545. 



Lady Frances Brandon, d. l563.=pHenry Grey, K.G., Duke of Suffolk, be- 

I headed 1554. 

r -" 

Lady Catherine Grey, (sister of the celebrated=rEdward Seymour, Earl of Hertford (son of 



Lady Jane Grey), d. 1567. 



Edward, Duke of Somerset, K.G., Lord Pro- 
tector), d. 1621. 



r~ 



Edward Seymour, Lord Beauchamp, d.«).^.=rHonora, dau. of Sir Richard Rogers, of 
1619. Bryanstone, co. Dorset. 



William Seymour, K.G., Duke of Somerset, =pLady Frances Devereux, dau. of Queen Eli- 
d. I(j60. zabeth's unfortunate favourite, Robert Earl of 

Essex, and sister and coheiress of the Par- 
liamentary General. 



Charles, Lord Clifford, d.v.p. 1694, son and= 
heir apparent of Richard, Earl of Cork and 
Burlington, 



=Lady Jane Seymour, dau. of William, Duke 
of Somerset, K.G. 



Charles, 3rd Earl of Cork and 2nd Earl of=j=Juliana, dau. and heir of the Hon. Henry 



Burlington, d. 1703. 



Noel, 2nd son of Baptist, Viscount Campden. 



Lady Elizabeth Boyle, eldest dau. of Charles,=pSir Henry Arundell Bedingfeld, 3rd Bart, of 



Earl of Cork and Burlington, m. in 1719, d. 
25 Nov. 1751. 



Oxburgh, CO. Norfolk, d. 15 July, 1760. 



Sir Richard Henry Bedingfeld, 4th Bart. of=pMary, only dau. of Anthony Brown, Viscount 



Oxburgh, b. 14 Sept. 1726, d. 27 March,1795. 



Montague. 



Sir Richard Bedingfeld, 5th Bart, of Oxburgh,=^Charlotte Georgiana, dau. of Sir William Jer- 



b. 23 Aug. 1767, m. 17 June, 1795. 



ningham, Bart, of Cossey, Norfolk. 



1 r 



^iv |ttjfnrS=j=Margaret, Charles 
ISictavD ^3^16= ' only child Richard. 



ton = 15fdtiig= 

fcId.Bart. now 
of Oxburgh, b. 
10 May, 1800, 
11th in a di- 
rect descent 
from Henry 
VIL 



Henry George, Other 
elder son and issue. 
heir, 6. 21 June, 
1830. 



and heir of 

Edward Edward 

Paston, Richard, 

Esq. m. 30 R.N. lost at 1822 

Aug. 1826. sea in 1823. 

Felix Wm. 
George 
Richard, 6. 
12 Aug. 
1808. 



Frances Matilda, m. Agnes Char- 
Charlotte, in 1820, to Mary, m. in lotte 
m. to Wm., George 1823, to Eliza- 
Lord Petre, Stanley Thomas beth, a 
and d. in Cary, Esq. Molyiieux Nun, at 

of Follaton, Seele, Esq. Bruges. 

Devon. 



Cftarles 2Binn, (2Bsiq, pedigree cxux. 

iStrioaiU 5. King of England.=p Margaret, dau. of Philip III., of France. 



Thomas Plantagenet, surnamed de Brother-^ 
ton, Earl of Norfolk, elder son of Edward 
I., by bis second queen. 



■ Alice, dau. of Sir Roger Halys. 



Lady Margaret Plantagenet, Duchess of Nor-=T=John, Lord Segrave. 
folic, dau. and heir. 

I 

Elizabeth, dau. and heir of John, Lord Se-=F John, Lord Mowbray, 
grave. 

I 

Thomas de Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk. =t= Lady Elizabeth Fitzalan, sister and coheir of 

Thomas, Earl of Arundel. 

I 

Lady Isabel de Mowbray, dau. and, in her=F James, Lord Berkeley, of Berkeley Castle, co. 
issue, coheir of Thomas, Duke of Norfolk. Gloucester. 

1 ' 

Thomas, 4th son of James, Lord Berkeley,=r Mary, dau. and heir of Richard Guy, Esq. 
seated at Dursley. d. in 1484. of Minsterworth, co. Gloucester. 

I ' 

Richard Berkeley, Esq. of Dursley, named in=F Margaret Dyer, 
the will of his uncle William, Marquess of 
Berkeley. | 

, 1 

William Berkeley, Esq. Mayor of Hereford,=T= Elizabeth, dau. of William Burgwash, of 
and M.P. for that city, in 1547. Cowarne. 

I ' 

Rowland Berkeley, Esq. of Spetchley, and=p Catherine, dau. of Thomas Hayward, Esq. 
Cotheridge, co. Worcester, d. in 161 1. 

1 ' 

Mary Berkeley, dau. of Rowland Berkeley,=p Edmund Wynne, Esq. of Thornton Curteis, 
Esq. of Spetchley, and sister of Sir Robert co. Lincoln, b. in 1383, d. in 1645. 
Berkeley, Knt. one of the Judges of the Com- 
mon Pleas. 

I ^ 

Sir George Winn, Bart, of Nostell Pnory,=f= Elizabeth, dau. of Robert Jeffreys, Esq. of 
CO. York, so created Dec. 1660, d. 1667. London. 

I ' 

Sir Edmund Winn, Bart, of Nostell, b. in=fKatherine, his second wife. 
1644, High Sheriff of Lincolnshire, in 1671, 
d. 30 Aug. 1694. 



Sir Rowland Winn, Bart, of Nostell, b. in=T= Letitia, dau. and coheir of William Harbord, 
1675, d. at Bath, in 1 721. Esq. sometime Envoy to Turkey. 



U-T-J 



, 

Sir Rowland Winn, Bart, of Nostell, 6. inT= Susannah, dau. and coheir of Charles Hen- 
1706, d. 23 Aug. 1765. shaw, Esq. of Eltham. 

, : ' 

Sir Rowland Winn, Bart, of Nostell, 6. iu=j=Sabine-Louisc, only dau. and heir of Jacques 
1739, rf. 20 Feb. 1785. | Philippe, Baron d'Hervert. 

, J 

Esther Winn, only dau., and in her issue,=f: John Williamson, in whose issue, by Esther, 



sole heiress of her brother, Sir Rowland 
Winn, Bart., 6. in 1768, d. in 1803. 



his wife, is the representation of the Winus of 
Nostell. 



©tlSVlfS 3L23tnn, Esq. now of Nostell Priory, co. York, I7th in a direct descent from 

Edward I. King of England. 



PEDIGREE CL. 



Montague <3ott, <B5q, 



Matilda, dau. of Mal.=pl^cnn? $•> King of 



colm Canmore, King 
of Scotland. 



England, d. 1135. 



Gundred, dau. of tlie=j=WilIiam de Warren» 
Conqueror. | Earl of Surrey. 



Maud, (widow of=pGeoffrey V. (Planta- 



Henry, Emperor of 
Germany), d. 1167. 



genet), Comte d'An- 
JQU, d. 1150. 



Henry II. (Plantage-=pEleanor, dau. and heir 
net). King of Eng- of William, Due de 



land, d. 1189. 



Guienne and 
taiue, d. 1162. 



Aqui- 



JoHN, King of Eng-=plsabel, dau. of Aymer, 



land.d. 1216. 



Comte d'Angouleme, 
d. 1246. 



Henry III., King of=pEleanor. dau. and co- 



England, d. 1272 



I 

Edward 

King of Eng- 
land, d. 7 
July, 1307 



heir of Raymond Be- 
renger (le Trouba- 
dour), Comte de Pro- 
vence, d. 1291; 



William de Warren ,= 
Earl of Warren and 
Surrey, d. May, 1138, 
buried at Lewes. 

I 

William de Warren,= 
Earl of Warren and 
Surrey, d. in the Cru- 
sades, going to Jeru- 
salem, 1148. 

Hamlyn Plantagenet.= 
Earl of Warren and 
Surrey, in right of his 
wife. 

I — " 

William Plantagenet,= 

Earl of Warren and 

Surrey, d. 1239. 



Elizabeth, dau. of 
Hugh the Great, Earl 
of Vermandois. 



Elva, dau. of 


Wil- 


liam, Earl of 


Tan 


giers, d. 1174. 





I.,=T=Eleanor, dau. 
of Ferdinand, 
King of Cas- 
tile and Leon. 



-| 



^Isabel, dau. and sole 
heir of William, Earl 
of Warren and Sur- 
rey. 

:Maud, dau. and co- 
heir of Win. Marshal, 
Earl of Pembroke. 



Edmund =pBlanche, 



Plantagenet, 
Earl of Lan- 
caster. 



Queen Dow- 
ager of Na- 
varre. 



John, Earl of=FAlice, dau. of 



Warren 
Surrey 



and 



L. 



Edward =f:lsabel, 
II., King of 
of Eng- France, 
land. 



Edward =^Philip- 
111., King pa, of 
of Eng- Hain- 
land. ault. 



Edmund = 
Plantagenet 
surnamed of 
Woodstock, 
Earl of 
Kent, son of 
Edward I. 



•Margaret, 
sister and 
heir of 
Thomas, 
Lord 
Wake. 



1 

Henry = 

Plantage- 
net, Earl 
of Lan- 
caster, 
son of 
Edmund, 
Earl of 
Lancas- 
ter. 



=Maud, 

dau. 

and 
heir of 

Sir 
Patrick 

Cha- 
worth. 



H 

William, 
d.v.p. 



Hugh le Brun, 
Earl of March 
& Angouleme. 



-rJoan,dau. 

of Robert 

Earl of 

Oxford. 
_J 

Alice, sister=f"Edmund 



and heir of 
John de 
Warren, 
Earl of 
Warren & 
Surrey. 



Fitzalan, 
Lord of 
Clun, son 
of Rich. 
Earl of 
Arundel. 



Edmund, =plsabel, Lionel =^Elizabeth EDWARD=f Joan,-7-Sir Eleanor, -rRichard 



of Lang- 
ley, Duke 
of York, 
K.G., 4th 
son, d. in 
1402. 



young- 
est dau. 
and 

heir of 
Peter, 
King of 
Castile 
tkheon. 



Plantagenet 
of Antwerp, 
Duke of 
Clarence, 
Earl of Uls- 
ter, &c., 
K.G., 2nd 
son of Edw. 
Ill.,d.l368 



de Burgh, 
daji. and 
heir of 
William, 
Earl of 
Ulster. 



the 

Black 

Prince, 

last 
husband. 



H 



only 
dau. 
and 
heir, 
the 
Fair 
Maid 
of 
Kent. 



Thos. 
Hoi- 
land, 
K.G. 



5th dau 
of Henry, 
Earl of 
Lancas- 
ter. 



Fitzalan. 

Earl of 

Arundel 

and 
Surrey. 



Edmund Mortimer^Philippa, 
3rd Earl of March, I dau. and 
d. 1382. I heir. 
1 



Richard II. 
King of Eng- 
land. 



I 

Roger, Earl of =FAlianore 
March and Ulster, 
Lord Lieut, of Ire- 
land, d. 1399, 



-I 



eldest dau. of 
Thos., 2nd Earl of Kent, 
and sister and coheir of 
Edmund Holland, Earl 
of Kent. 



Thomas 
land, Earl of 
Kent, Marshal 
of England, d. 
1397. 



-J 



a 



Hol-=pLady Alice 
Fitzalan, 
dau. of 
Richard, 
Earl of 
Arundel. 



— I 
d 



Montague (^orc, Csq. 



PKDIGEEE CL. 



a 

Richard, Earl 
Cambridge, sur- 
named of Conings- 
burgh, 2nd son 
and heir; beheaded 
1414. 



I 
of— Anne, dau. and co- 
lieir, after the 
death of her bro- 
ther, Edmund 
Mortimer, heir to 
the crown. 



Richard, Duke of= 
York, Protector of 
England, K.G., 
killed at the battle 
of Wakefield, 1460. 



c 

I 
Lady Alianore Hol- 
land, eld. dau. and 
coheir of Thomas, 
Earl of Kent, and 
widow of Roger, 
Earl of March. 



r 



Edward 

Cherl- 

ton, 

Lord 

Powys. 



d 

Thomas— Lady 
Monta- ~~ 
cute, 
Earl of 
Salis- 
bury. 



=Cecily, dau of 
Ralph Nevil, Earl 
of Westmoreland. 



Eleanor 
Holland. 
4th dau. 
and coh. 
of Thos., 
Earl of 
Kent. 



Joyce, dau. and coh.=pJohn, Lord 
of Edw.Lord Po\v3's. I Tiptoft. 

I ' r- 

Joane, dau.=j=Sir Edm. Lady Alice =pRichard 



Edward 
IV. King 
of Eng- 
land, d. 
1483. 



1 — 

George, = 

Duke of 
Clarence, 

K.G., 
murdered 
in the 
Tower, 
1477. 



=Isabel, dau. of 
Richard Nevil, 
Earl of Salis- 
bury and War- 
wick, surnamcd 
the Kingmaker. 



and coheir 
of John, 
Lord Tip- 
toft. 



Ingolds- 
thorpe. 



Montacute, 
only dau. 
and heir- 



Nevile, 2nd 
son of 
Ralph, 1st 
Earl of 
Westmore- 
land. 

Isabel, dau. and heir of=pJohn, Marquess of Mon- 
Sir Edmund Ingolds- tacute, K.G., slain at 
thorpe. Barnet, 1471. 



Sir "Richard Pole, 
K.G., d. 1504. 



=Margaret, dau. and 
heir, Countess of 
Salisbury ; be- 
headed 1541. 



Lucy, dau. and coheir of=pSir Anthony Browne, 
John, Marquess of Monta- Knt., Standard Bearer 
cute, K.G. of England. 



Henry Pole, Lord=pJane, dau. of Geo. 



Elizabeth, = 
dau. of Sir 
Anthony 
Browne, d. 
15S5. 



Montacute, son and 
heir; beheaded in 
1538. 



Catherine, eldest= 
dau. and coheir of 
Henry, Lord Mon- 
tacute, d. 1576. 



Nevil, Lord Aber- 
gavenny. 



:Francis, Earl of 
Huntingdon, K.G. 



=Henry 
Somerset, 
Earl of 
Worcester, 
d. 26 Nov. 
1549. 



Alice, dau.=pSirAnthony 



William, 3d=y=Christian, 



Earl of 
Worcester, 
K.G,, d. 2 
Feb. 1589. 



dau. of 
Edward, 
Lord 
North. 



of Sir John 
Gage, of 
Firle. 



Magdalen, ■ 
dau. of Wil- 
liam, Lord 
Dacre, of 
Gillesland, 
2nd wife. 



Browne, 
K.G., 

Standard 
Bearer to 
the King, d. 
1548. 



t-" 



Sir Anthony 
Browne, 
Knt., cre- 
ated Vis. 
count Mon- 
tague, by 
QueeuMary 
1554, 



Lady Elizabeth Has-=j=Edwaid, 4th Earl of ^L■^ry, dau. of Sir Wm.=pSir Henry Browne, 



tings, dau. of Francis 
Earl of Huntingdon. 



Sir Charles Somerset= 
of Troy, co. Mon- 
mouth. K.G. 6ih son 
of Edward, 4th Earl 
of Worcester. 



Worcester, K.G., d. 
3 March, 1627-8. 

=Elizabelh, dau. and 
heir of Sir William 
Powel, of Llanpylt, 
CO. Monmouth. 



Hungate, Bart., of Sax- 
ton, CO. York, and relict 
of Sir Marmaduke Grim- 
ston,Knt. of Holdemess. 



Knt., of Kiddington, 
d. in 1638. 



Margaret, dau. of Sir=T=Sir Peter Browne, son 



Henry Knollys, Knt. of 
Grove Place, Hants. 



and heir, 
Naseby. 



killed at 



Frances, 3rd dau. aud coheir of Sir Charles= 
Somerset, of Troy. 



T=Henry Browne, Esq. of Kiddington, created a 
I Baronet by Charles II., 1 July, 1659. 



Sir Charles Browne, 2nd Bart, of Kiddington,=pLady Barbara Lee, widow of Col, Lee, and 
d. in 1754. | youngest dau. of Edmund Lee, 1st Earl of 

I 1 Lichfield. 

Barbara, only dau. and heiress of Sir Charlts=j=Edward Gore, Esq., of Barrow Court, co. 
Browne, m. 1st Sir Edmund Mostyn, Bart. Somerset, 2nd husband, d. 1801. 



The Rev. Charles Gore, 2nd son.=|=Harriett, dau. of Richard Little, Esq. of Gros- 

— I venor Place. 



fHontagUE ^orr. Esq of Barrow Court, co. Somerset ; 16th in a direct descent from 
Edward III., King of England, and one of the co-representatives of Edmund 
Plantagenet, Earl of Kent, youngest son of King Edward I., being entitled as 
such to quarter the Royal Arms. 



PEDIGREE CLI. 



3!ame0 !aD'iReillp> €0q. 



lEtltoartl Ml. King of England, d. 1377.T=Philippa, dau. of William, Count of Hainault. 

Lionel, of Antwerp, Duke of Clarence, Earl=pLady Elizabeth de Burgh, dau. and heiress of 
of Ulster. 1 William, Earl of Ulster. 1st wife, m. in 1352. 

p 

Philippa Plantagenet, only child and heiress.=^Edmund Mortimer, 3rd Earl of March, line- 
ally derived from the marriage of Ralph, Lord 
Mortimer of Wigmore, with the Princess 
Gwyladys, dau. of Llewellyn ap lorwerth. 
Prince of North Wales. 



Philippa, dau. of Edmund, Earl of March.=fSir Henry Percy, the renowned Hotspur. 
: I 



Henry Percy, 2nd=f=Eleanor Neville, dau. 
" " "' ' of Ralph, 1st Earl of 

Westmoreland. 



Elizabeth. ^John, Lord Clifford. 



Earl of Northum- 
berland. 



Henry Percy, 3rd=f=Eleanor Poynings. 
Earl of Northum- 
berland.! 



Lord Thos. Clifford.=pJoan Dacre, dau. of 
Lord Dacre of Gil- 
lesland. 



1 



Earl of Northum- 
berland. 



Henry Percy, 4th=Y:Maud Herbert, dau. John, Lord Clifford.=j:Margaret, dau. and 
of the Earl of Pern- heir of Heury, Lord 
broke. 1 Bromflete. 
1 I 1 

Henry Algernon, 5th=pCatherine Spencer. Henry, Lord Clifford.=^Anne St. John. 
Earl of Northum- | 
berland. •- 



T 



Lady Margaret Percy .=f=Henry Clifford, Earl of Cumberland, 

I>ady Catherine ClifFord.=pSir Richard Cholmley. 

Sir Henry Cholmley, of Whitby .nr=Margaret, dau. of Sir William Babthorpe. 

Sir Richard Cholmley, of Whiiby. M.P. in=pSasan, dau. of John Legard, Esq. 
1620. I 

Margaret, eld. dau. of Sir Richard Cholmley.=T=Sir William Strickland, Bart. 

Margaret, dau. of Sir William Strickland, Bt.=pSir John Cochrane, Knt. of Ochiltree. 

I -J 

William Cochrane, Esq. of Ochiltree.=j=Lady Mary Bruce, dau. of Alexander, 2nd 

I Earl of Kincardine. 



James Cochrane, Esq. of Ochiltree, and Cul-=pMiss Margaret Hankisson. 
ros, a General Officer, d. 1758. j 

I . 

Marianne Cochrane, dau. of General James=f The Hon. Justice Robert Sibthorpe, of Dun- 
Cochrane, of Ochiltree. | cany, co. Louth. 

I 1 

Margaret Sibthorpe, dau. of Judge Siblhorpe,=pThomas O'Reilly, Esq. of Baltrasna, co. 



d. in 1823, in Normandy. 



Meath, son of James O'Reilly, Esq. of Bal- 
trasna, and grandson of Thomas O'Reilly, 
Esq. of Ballgarny, descended from the O'Re- 
illys, Princes of Brefny, d. in 18U5. 



3>aniC6 ©'Kctllj), Esq. of Balirasna, High=pHenrietta Catherine Blanche, youngest dau 



Sherifl' of Meath, in 1803, and of Cavan, in 
1804, 18th in direct descent from Edward 
III. King of England. 



of Oliver Nugent, Esq. of Farrenconnell, co. 
Cavan, by Eleanor, his wife, sister of Colonel 
Irvine, of Castle Irvine, co. Fermanagh. 



Anthony O'lleilly, Esq. J. P. and D.L. elde8l=f Alicia Maria, dau. of Captain John Fortescue. 
son and heir apparent. j 



Colonel (JBDtDam (^atacre. picdigreeclh. 

lilltDartt 1. King of England.=pMargaret, dau. of Pliilip, King of France. 

The Princess Elizabeth, dau. of Edward 1.=^= Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford and 

Essex. 



J 



Lady Eleanor de Bohun, 2nd dau. of Hum-=T= James, Earl of Ormonde. 



Liaay Hiieanor ae Doauii, .:iiu aau. oi nuiii — p. 
phrey, Earl of Hereford and Essex. 



James, 2nd Earl of Ormonde, d. in 1 382 .=t= Elizabeth, dau. of Sir John Darcy. 

I 

James, 3rd Earl of Ormonde, d. in 1405.=t= Anne, dau. of John, Lord "Wells. 



J^ 



James, 4th Earl of Ormonde, d. in 1452.=j:Joan, dau. of Gerald, 5th Earl of Kildare. 



Lady Elizabeth Butler, dau, of James, Earl=r John Talbot, 2nd Earl of Shrewsbury, 
of Ormonde. 

Lady Anne Talbot, dau, of John, Earl of=T=Sir Henry Vernon, of Haddon, Knight. 
Shrewsbury. 

Elizabeth, dau. of Sir Henry Vernon, Knt.=j=Sir Robert Corbet, Knt. of Moreton Corbet, 
of Haddon. Sheriff of co. Salop, in 1507. 

Reginald Corbet, Esq. (3rd son of Sir Bobert=T= Alice, sister and coheir of William Grale- 

wood, of Adderley and Sloke-upon-Tem, CO. 
Salop. 



Corbet), Judge in the North Wales circuit, 
and Justice of the Queen's Bench. 



Anne Corbet, dau. of Reginald Corbet,-!- Edward Mylton, Esq. of Halston, eldest son 
Justice of the Queen's Bench, &c. of Edward Mytton, Esq. of Habberley and 

Halston, d. 1583. 



r- 



Richard Mytton, Esq. of Halston, Sheriff of 
CO. Salop, 1610. 



•Margaret, dau. of Thomas Owen, Esq. of 
Condover, one of the Judges of the Common 
Pleas. 



I 

Sarah Mytton, dau. of Richard Mytton, Esq.=p Sir Edward Acton, Baronet of Aldenham. 
of Halston. 

I 

Sir Walter Acton, 2nd Bart, of Aldenham,=f= Catherine, dau. of Richard Cresset, Esq. of 
M.P., d. 1665. Cound, co. Salop. 

^ . J 

Sarah Acton, dau. of Sir Walter Acton, Bart.=j= Thomas Gatacre, Esq. of Gatacre, co. Salop, 
of Aldenham. j rf. 1707. 

I ' 

Edward Gatacre, Esq. of Gatacre, d. in 17 47.=^ Margaret, eldest dau. of Benjamin Yate, Esq. 

of Ludstone. 

I ' 

Edward Gatacre, Esq. of Gatacre, d. 21 Aug.=ipMary Pitchford, of the family of Pitchford, of 
1821. Pitchford, 



T- 



Harriet Constantia, eld.=iEtitDart» ©atarre, Esq. of Gatacre, co.=i=.\nnabclla, eldest dau 



dau. of the late Richard Salop, Colonel in the Shropshire Militia, 
Jenkins, Esq. of Bic- J. P. and D.L., 17th in direct descent 
ton, 2nd wife. from Edward I. King of England. 



and coheir of the late 
Robert Lloyd, Esq, of 
Swan Hill, 1st wife, d. 
17 Feb. 1817. 



Edward Lloyd Gat-=^Miss Forbes, dau. of The Hon. Major=Annabella Jane, 
acre, Esq. son and William Forbes of Charles Napier, 

heir. Callendar. brother of the 

late Lord Napier. 

2 9 



PEDIGREE CLIII. 



Lorn jTarnJam. 



f^,tnt^ lih King of England,^Eleanor, dau. and coheir of Raymond 
d. 1272. I Berenger, Comte de Provence, d. 1291. 

■ 1 

Margaret, dau. of Philip III. King of=pEDWARD I. King of England, =T=Eleanor, dau. of Ferdinand III., King 
France d. 1317. | d. 1307. | of Castile and Leon, rf. 1290. 



Edmond 
Planta- 
genet, 
(Cronch- 
back). 
Earl of 
Lancas- 
ter, d. 
1295. 



: Blanche, dau. 
of Robert de 
France, Comte 
d'Artois, .3rd 
son of Louis 
VIII. (le lion) 
King of France, folk, Earl 
widow of Henri Marshal 
de Champagne, of Eng- 
King of Na- land, d. 



I 

Thomas 

Planta- 
genet, of 
Brother- 
ton, Earl 
of Xor- 



I 1 1 

=^ Alice, Princess=f= Gilbert de Edward -p Isabel, "S/ie Princess -p Humphrey 
Clare, 3rd II.Kingof 



I 

Henry 
Planta- 
genet, 
Earl of 
Lancas- 
ter, d. 
1345. 



varre. 

J 

=f:ilaud, 
dau. & 
heir of 
SirPa- 
trick 
de Ca- 
durcis, 
or Cha- 
worth. 

J . 



1338. 



1 

Lady 
Marga- 
ret, 
Duchess 
of ^ox- 
folk, d. 
1399. 



dau. Joan 
of Sir Planta- 
Roger genet, 
Halys Cd'Acre) 
of d. 1307. 
Har- 
wich. 



Earl of 
Glouces- 
ter, and 
7th of 
Hertford, 
d. 1295, 



England, 
murdered 
1327. 



Wolf of 
France," 
dau. of Phi- 
lip IV. (le 
Bel) King 
of France, 
d. 1357. 



Elizabeth 
Plantage- 
net, wi- 
dow of 
John, 
Comte 
d'Hol- 
lande. 



=j=Thomas, Lady =f=Hugh, EDWARD=pPhilippa, WLlliam=T= Elizabeth, Lady 
3d Lord Marga- Lord III. ' .. - ^ 

Segrave, ret, Aud- King of 
d. 1353. Coun- ley, d. England 
less of 1347. d. 1377. 



Glou- 
cester, 
coheir. 



Lady 
Elea- 
nor. 



t 



^Richard Lady^John, 
Fitzalan, Joan. 3rd 
5th Earl Lord 

of Arun- Mow- 

del, Earl bray, 

of War- d. 

Ten and 1362. 

Surrey, | — ' 

d. 1375. John, Lord=^Eliza- 



I — 
Lady '■ 

Marga- 
ret, 
heir. 



dau. of de Bo- 
William, hun, 1st 



Comte 
d'Hol- 
lande, d- 
1369. 



Earl of 
North- 
ampton, 
K.G., d. 
1360. 



dau. and 
coheir of 
Bartholo- 
mew,Lord 
Badles- 
mere, and 
widow of 
Edmund, 
3rd Lord 
Mortimer. 



Marga- 
ret, 2d 
daugh- 
ter, d. 
1392. 



de Bohun, 
5th Earl of 
Hereford, 
and 3rd 
of Essex, 
Lord High 
Constable, 
slain at 
Borough- 
bridge, 
1321. 
=j= Hugh de 
Crurte- 
nay, 2nd 
Earl of 
Devon, 
K.G., 
d. 1377. 



Mowbray, 
slain 1368. 



beth. 



Ralph, 

1st 
Earl of Gaunt, 



John Plan-=f^Catharine, 
tagenet, of dau. of Sir 



Staf- 
ford, 
K.G., 
d.l372. 



K.G.Duke 

of Lancas- 
ter, c?. 1399. 



Jane or=FSir Thos. 



Hugh, =pLady 
2d Earl | Philippa 



Payne 
Roet,Knt. 
& widow 
of Sir Otes 
Swynford, 
Knt. 



Anne. 

Lady ^f^IIumphrey 
Joane j de Bohun, 
2nd Earl 
of North- 
ampton, 
6th of Es- 
sex, and 
8 th of 
Hereford, 
K.G.,Lord 
High Con- 
stable, d. 
1372. 

{See this descent.) 



Grey, of 
Berwick, 
CO. Nor- 
thumber- 
land. 



of Staf- 
ford, 
K.G.,d. 
1386. 



Beau, 
champ, 
dau. of 
Thomas, 
3rd Earl 
of War- 
wick, 
K.G. 



JoanBeau-T=Robert, 



fort. 



u 




Lord Fer- 
rers, of 
Wemme, 
d. vita 
ma iris, 
1410. 



Humphrey= 
de Bohun, 
2d Earl of 
Northamp- 
ton, 6th of 
Essex, and 
SthofHere- 
ford, K.G. 
Lord High 
Constable. 



^Lady 
Joan 



Sir Phi-=pMarga- 



lipCour- 
dau.of tenay. 
Rich., 5th son. 



Fitz 
alan, 
5th 
Earl 
of 
Arun- 
del, & 
Earlof 
War- 
ren & 



Lord 
Lieut. 
of Ire- 
land, d. 
1406. 



r 



ret or 
Anne, 
dau. of 

Sir 
Thomas 
Wake, 
of Blis- 
worth, 
co.Nor- 
thamp- 
ton. 



Sir John^Joan, 



Sir Thos.=^ Lady 



Grey, of 
Heton, 
beheaded 
3 Hen.V. 



Alice. 



Ralph I ' 

eville, Elizabeth, =pJohn, 6th 
St Earl coheir. I LordGrey- thered, 

of West- I Stock, 

moreland, | 1435. 

K.G.,d. 1425.] 



Thos.Plan-=pLady 
tagenet, of 
Woodstock 
K.G.,Duke 
of Glouces- 
ter, smo. 



Courte- 
Surry. nay, 2d 
son, d. 
ante 
1415, 



Elea- 
nor, 
1st CO. 
heir. 



1397. 



I 

Elizabeth, 



=T= Philip, 4lh Lord 
D'Arcy, d. 1398. 



John, 5th Lord =pMarearet. dau. of Henry, 
D'Arcy, d. 1412. | 3rd Lord Grey de Wilton. 
a 



Lady Anne=pWil- 



Plantage- 
net, heir, 
widow 1st, 
of Thomas, 
Earl of 
Stafford, 
2nd, Ed- 
ward, Earl 
of Stafford. 



liam 

Bour- 

chier. 



dau. of 
Alexan- 
der 
Cham- 
pernoun 
of Beer 
Ferrers, 
widow 
of Sir 
James 
Chud- 
leigh, 
Knt. 



Sir 



lipCour 
Esq. of tenay, 
Eu, d. 1st son. 



Phi-=FEliza. 
beth. 



8 Hen- 
ry V. 



d. 1463. 



dau. of 
Walter 
Lord 
Hun- 
ger ford. 



lorn jFarnfjam. 



PEDIGKEE CLIII. 



a 

I 



Sir John D'Arcy,' 
2nd son, d. 32 
Henry VI. 



I 



I 



:Joan Greystock. SirWilliam Bour-=^Tliomasine, dau. 



Joan, widow of =F Giles D'Aubcncy, 
John Beaumont. d. (post) 1444. 

I 

William D'Au- =^ Alice, dau. and 



chier, Sidson, 1st 
Lord Fitzwariiic. 
d. (circa) 147U. 



bency, temp. Hen- 
ry VI. 



SirWilliam Cour-' 
tenay, 1st son, 
d. 1485. 



T 



Margaret, dau. of 

William, Lord 
Bonvile. 



coheir of John 
Stourton,of Pres- 
ton. 



and heir of Sir 
Richard Hank- 
ford, byElizaboth, 

dau. and heir of SirWilliam Cour-=f=Cicely, dau. of Sir 
Fulke, 6th Lord tenay, rf. 1512. I John Cheney, of 
Fitzwarine. | Pincourt, Knt. 

I ' 

Sir Fulke Bour-=f=Elizabeth, dau. of SirWilliam Cour-=j=Mary, dau. of Sir 



Gilbert, Lord D' 
Aubency, K.G., 
d. 1507. 



: Elizabeth, dau. of 

fohn Arundel, 

■ Lanherne. 



=f=Elizabe 

SirJohr 

I Knt.ofl 



chier, 2nd Lord 
Fitzwarine, d. 
1497. 



Sir de Dinan, and 
heir of John Lord 
Dinliam, K.G, 



tenay, 1st son, of 
Powderham Cas- 
tle, CO. Devon, d. 
1535. 



Cecilia, sister and heir of Henry, Earl of Bridge-=j=John Bourchier, 3rd Lord Fitzwarine, 



water. 



T 



and 1st Earl of Bath, d. 1539. 



Lady Elizabeth.=FEdward Chichester, Esq. of Raleigh, co. 
I Devon. 



John Gainsford, 

Knt. 



r" 



Sir John Chichester, Knt. of Raleigh, M.P. for=T=Gertrude. 
CO. Devon, 1553 and 1562. i 



Susanna, sister of Sir Arthur Chichester, Lord 
Deputy of Ireland. 



I 



John Fortescue, Esq. of Buckland-Philleigh, 
CO. Devon. 



r 

Sir Faithful Fortescue.-T-Honorable Anna Moore, dau. of Garret, 1st 
j Viscount Drogheda. 



Sir Thomas Fortescue, of=T= 
Dromiskin, co. Louth. 



Sidney, dau. of Col. Kings- 
mill. 



Letitia.-pSir Thomas Meredyt]i,Knt. 
of Dollardslown, co.Meath. 



William Fortescue, Esq. of^ Margaret, dau. of Nicholas 



Newrath, co. Louth. 



Gernon, Esq. 
CO. Louth. 



of Milltown, 



Charles Meredyth, Esq. of: 
Moreton, co. Meath, M.P. 
CO. Meath. 



Thomas Fortes- ^Elizabeth, dau. of 



cue, Esq. of Ran- 
dalstown, or Rey- 
noldstown, co. 
Louth. M.P. for 
Dundalk, 1709. 



James Hamilton, 
Esq. of Tolly- 
morcj CO. Down, 
and of Hon. Anne 



1 

Mary.= 



: Judith, dau. of Rip:ht Hon. 
Philip Savage, Chancellor 
of the Exchequer, Ireland. 



=John Foster, Esq. 
of Dunleer, co. 
Louth. 



Anne. 



Right 



Mordaunt,dau. of thony Foster, 
John, Viscount ChiefBaronof the 
Avalon, sister of Exchequer, Ire- 
James, 1st Earl land, d. 1778. 
of Clanbrassil. 



Hon. An-=pElizabeth, dau. of 
William Burgh, 

Esq. of Bert, co. | 

Kildare. Judith, heir, d. 

1771. 



=JamesBarry,Esq. 

of Newlownbarry 
Prothonotary of 
Common Pleas, 
Ireland, d. circa 
1728. 



Margaret.= 



Right Hon. Sir Arthur 
Brooke, Bart.. M.P. county 
Fermanagh, 1785. 



=FJohn Maxwell, 
1st Lord Faru- 
ham, d. 1759. 

Margaret, sister of John, =^Honorable HenryMaxwcll, 
Lord Oriel, d. 1792. ( Bishop of Meath, 3rd son. 



Selina Elizabeth, coheir.=y= Thomas Vesey, 1st Vis- 

I count de Vesci, d. 1804. 

r -■ 

Honorable Selina, rf. 1844.=^ Andrew Savage Nugent, 

Esq. of Portaferry, co. 

Down. 



J 



Henry Maxwell, 6th Lord-pLady Anne Butler, 1st dau. 



Farnham, d. 1838. 



of Henry Thomas, 1st Earl 
of Carrick, rf. 1831. 



I r 

Andrew Nugent. Esq.=^ Hon. Harriet Margaret.2nd JJjcnrjj/tttlllDEll, K.P., 7th=^Hon. Anna Frances Hester 

dau., widow of Edward Lord Farnham. Stapleton, dau. of Thomas, 

Southwell, 3rd Viscount 22nd Lord Le Dcspcncer. 

Bangor. 



PKDIGREE CLIV. 



Um, arcjtjeacon ©onp. 



IBDlDaril MI. King of England, d. 21=pPhilippa, dau. of William, Earl of 
June, 1371. Haiuault. 



I 1 

1. Ed- 2. Lionel,= 

"WARD ofAnt- 

the werp, 

Black Duke of 

Prince. Clarence, 

K.G. d. 

1368. 



Rich- 
ard II. 
d.s.p. 
1399. 



I 

Philippa, = 

only child 

& heiress 

of Lionel 

Plantage- 

net. 



Roger : 
Mortimer 
Earl of 
March, 
Lord 
Lieut, of 
Ireland, 
d. 1399. 



Anne Mortimer, ■ 
only dau. & even- 
tually heir of Ro- 
ger,Earl of March. 



Lady Eli- 4. Ed- =j 
zabeth de mund, j 
Burgh, of 

dau. of Lang- 
William, ley, 
Earl of Duke 
Ulster. of 

York, 
K.G., 
d.J402. 

=EdmundMortimer, 
Earl of March, d. 
1352. 



^Eleanor, dau. and 
coheir of Thomas 
Holland, Earl of 
Kent, son of Thos. 
Earl of Kent, by 
Joan Plantagenet, 
only child of Ed- 
mund, Earl of 
Kent, 3rd son of 
Edward I. 

I 

:Richard Plantage- 
net, Earl of Cam- 
bridge, son of Ed- 
mund of Langley, 
beheaded 1414. 



1 

Jsabel, 5. Thos.: 
dau. & of Wood- 
coheir stock, 

of Duke of 
Peter, Glouces- 

King ter, mur- 
of Cas- dered at 

tile. Calais, 
in 1397. 



Wil-= 

liam 

Bour- 

cliier, 

Earl 

of 
Ewe, 
3rd 
hus- 
band. 



I 

Lady = 
Anne 
Plan- 
tagenet, 
dau. and 
coheir of 
Thomas 

of 
Wood- 
stock, 
and wi- 
dow of 
Thomas, 
Earl of 
Stafford. 



■Eleanor, 
dau- and 
coheir of 
Humph- 
rey de 
Bohun, 
Earl of 
Hereford 
and Es- 
sex. 



Catherine,; 
dau. of Sir 

Payne 
Roet, Knt. 
and relict 
ofSirOtho 
Swynford, 
Knt. 



Edmund, Margaret,: 
Earl of dau. and 



Stafford, 
2nd hus- 
band. 



eventual 
coheir of 
Thomas 
Holland, 
Earl of 
Kent, 
grandson 
of Ed- 
ward I. 



3. John of 
Gaunt, 
Duke of 

Lancaster, 
King of 

Castile «& 

Leon, d. 

in 1399. 



JohnBeau- 
fort, Mar- 
quess of 
Dorset, 
Earl of 
Somerset, 
K.G. 



Humph- ■ 
rey Staf- 
ford, 
Duke of 
Bucking- 
ham, 
K.G. 



=Anne, 
dau. of 
Ralph 
Neville, 
Earl of 
West- 
more- 
land. 



Eleanor, : 
dau. of 
Richard 
Beau- 
champ, 
Earl of 
Warwick 



Lady Isabel Plantage-= 
net, only daughter of 
Richard, Earl of Cam- 
bridge, 



r- 



-J 



I 
Edmund 
Beaufort, 
Duke of 
Somerset, 
Marquess 
of Dorset, 
K.G., d. 
1455. 



Cicely Bourchier, only= 
dau., sister and sole 
heiress of Henry, Earl 
of Essex. 



Walter Devereux,Vis-: 
count Hereford, K.G., 
d. 27 Sept. 1558. 



=Henry Bourchier,Earl 
of Ewe and Essex, d, 
in 1483. 



:John Devereux, Lord 
Ferrers, of Chartley, 
summoned to parlia- 
ment from 3rd till r2th 
year of Henry VII. 

=Mary, dau. of Thomas 
Grey, Marquess of 
Dorset. 



Humphrey Stafford, = 
Earl of Stafford, (son 
of Humphrey, Duke of 
Buckingham), slain at 
St. Albans, v.p. 

Catherine, daughter of= 
RichardWidville, Earl 
Rivers, K.G., and sis- 
ter of Elizabeth,Queen 
of Edward IV. 

Eleanor,dau. of Henry= 
Percy, 4th Earl of 
Northumberland. 



Lady Margaret Beau- 
fort, dau. and even- 
tual coheir of Ed- 
mund, Duke of So- 
merset. 

I 
=Henry,Duke ofBuck- 
ingham, Constable of 
England, K.G., be- 
headed in 1483. 



Edw. Stafford, Duke 
of Buckingham, K.G. 
beheaded on Tower 
Hill, 1524. 



Sir Richard Devereux,=T=DorothyHastings,dau. Thos. Howard, DukeT=Lady Elizabeth Staf- 



of Bodenham, d.v.p 
13 Oct. 1547 



a 



of George, 1st Earl of of Norfolk, K.G., d. 
Huntingdon. 1554, 



ford, dau. of Edward, 
Duke of Bucking- 
ham. 
1 



23cn. 3rcf)licacon ©onp* 



PEDIGREE CLIV. 



a 



Walter Devereux.Earl; 
of Essex, Viscount 
Hereford, and Lord 
Ferrers of Cliartley, 
K.G., d. 22 Sept. 1576. 



.J 



Robert Devereux,Earl: 
of Essex, K.G., the 
favourite of Queen 
Elizabeth, beheaded 
25 Feb. 1601. 



:Lettice, dau. of Sir 
Francis Knollys, K.G. 
by Catherine Gary, his 
wife, niece of Anna 
Boleyne, Queen Con- 
sort of Henry VIII., 
and 10th in descent 
from Edward 1. 

=Frances, dau. and heir 
of Sir Francis Wals- 
ingham, and widow of 
the renowned Sir Phi- 
lip Sidney. 



Frances, dau. of John =j=Henry Howard, Earl 



Vere, Earl of Oxford. 



Henry Berkeley,Lord : 
Berkeley, d. 26 Nov. 
1613. 



of Surrey, the Poet, 
beheaded v.'p. 1546. 



^LadyCatherine How- 
ard, dau. of Henry, 
Earl of Surrey, d. 7 
April, 1596. 



Sir George Shirley,=pFrances Berkeley, 



Bart, of Stanton Ha 
rold,ti. 27 April, 1 022 



dau. of Henry, Lord 
Berkeley. 



The Lady Dorothy Devereux, sister and heir=pSir Henry Shirley, Bart, of Stanton Harold, 



of Robert, Earl of Essex, the parliamentary 
General, m. in 16J5. 



High Sheriff of Leicestershire, 1G25, d. 8 
Feb. 1632. 



Sir Robert Shirley, Bart., /«, in 1646.— Dorothy, dau. of Humphrey Okeover, Esq. 

I of Okeover, co. Stafford. 



Sir Robert Shirley, Bart., Lord Ferrers, ere— p 
ated Earl Ferrers, 1711, <f. 25 Dec. 1717. j 



Selina, dau. of George Finch, Esq. of London, 
»j. in 1699, d. 1762. 



The Lady Selina Shirley, dau. of Robert, lst=pPeter Bathurst, Esq. M.P., of Clarendon 



Earl Ferrers, h. 2 July, 1701, d. 14 Dec. 
1777, bur. at Laverstock, near Salisbury ; 
will dated 1 Sept. 1777, proved 22 Dec. fol- 
lowing. 



Louisa, dau. of Peter Bathurst, Esq., d. at= 
Eastwell, co. Wilts, 1779. 



r 



Park, Wills, next brother to Allen, 1st Earl 
Bathurst; b. in St. James' Square, Westmin- 
ster, 22 April, 1687, m. 13 Oct. 1720, d. 25 
April, 1748. 

:George Byam, Esq. d. in Antigua Nov. 1779. 



George, d. Selina, eld. dau. of=pThe Rev. William Elizabeth, 2d=Mark Louisa, 



an infant in Geo. Byam, Esq., d. 

Sept. 1774. at Southampton, 3 

July, 1846,8elat. 86, 



Hony, Vicar of Lis- dau. d. sp. 
keard, co. Cornwall, 1830. 
d. 1799. 



Bait, and He n- 

Esq. riettaMa- 

r\.B.,d.unm. 



I 

Peter Frye 

Hony,LL.D. 

Fell. All 
Souls Coll. 
Oxon., and 
some years 
vicar of Lis- 
keard. 



_L 



Geo. John 
Hony, 
Captain 
R.N. d. 
w?(OT.1812, 
aged 27. 



Hen. Coch- 
rane Hony, 
Lieut. 51st 
Regt., d. in 
] 8U8, in the 
retreat at 
Corunna 
under Sir J. 
Moore, M«»j. 



C^eFrnrratlcffSflil:^ 
liam IStttoarti ^m^, 
B.D., Fell, of Exeter 
Coll. Oxford, Rector 
of Baverstock, Wills, 
and Archdeacon of 
Sarum. 



Margaret, 
dau. of the 
Rev. Nicho- 
las Earle, 
Rector of 
Swerford, 
CO. Oxford. 



1 I I I 1 

Louisa-Selina, 
unm. J 807. 



d. 



Selina-Elizabeth. 



Henrietta- Maria 



Anne, d. 
fant. 

Caroline. 



an m- 



George-Henry, Charles-Wil- Selina-Anne. Margaret- Louisa- 
eld, son. liam. Frances. Mary. 



1 1 

Caroline. Mary- Ba- 
thurst. 



PEDIGREE CLV. 



f0ubttt tie T5urgf), OFsa. 



iEUioarlr Ml. King of England, d. in 1377.=i=Philippa, of Hainault. 



Lionel, of Antwerp,^ 

Duke of Clarence, 

K.G., d. 17 Oct. 
1368. 

I 

Philippa, only dau.= 

and heir, 6. 16 Aug. 

1355. 



r 



Elizabeth, dau. 
Edmund, Earl 
March. 



of: 
of 



Henry Percy, Earl= 
of Northumberland, 
slain at St. Alban's, 
22 May, 1455. 



Henry Percy, Earl= 
of Northumberland, 
slain at Towton 
Field, 1460-1. 



r' 



Henry Percy, 4th = 
Earl of Northum- 
berland, d. in 1489. 



'■ Elizabeth, dau. and 
heir of William dc 
Burgh, Earl of Ul- 
ster, d. in 1363. 

: Edmund Mortimer, 
Earl of March, &c., 
rf. 5 Richard 1I.,1382. 

= Henry Percy, the re- 
nowned Hotspur, son 
of Henry, Earl of 
Northumberland, 
slain in 1403. 

= Eleanor, dau. of 
Ralph, Earl of "West- 
moreland. 



: Eleanor, dau. and 
heir of Richard Poy- 
nings, d. in 1474. 



:Maud, dau. of Wil- 
liam, Earl of Pem- 
broke. 



Eleanor, eldest dau.= 
and coheir of Hum- 
phrey de Bohun, 
Earl of Hereford, 
&c. 



^Thomas Plantagenet, 
of Woodstock, Earl 
of Buckingham, Duke 
of Gloucester, K.G., 
d. in 1399. 



Edmund Stafford, =pAnne, dau. and coh. 



Earl of Stafford, 
K.G. 



of Thomas, Duke of 
Gloucester. 



Anne, dau. of Ralph =T=Humphrey Stafford, 



Neville, Earl of 
Westmoreland. 



Margaret, dau. of: 
Edm