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THE RULERS OF STRATHSPEY 




GAROWNE, COUNTESS OF SEAFIELD. 



THE 



RULERS OF STRATHSPEY 



A HISTORY OF THE LAIRDS OF GRANT 
AND EARLS OF SEAFIELD 



BY THE 

EARL OF CASSILLIS 



" seasamh gu damgean" 



Fnbemess 

THB NORTHERN COUNTIES NEWSPAPER AND PRINTING AND PUBLISHING 
COMPANY, LIMITED 



1911 



M 




csm 

nil 



TO 

CAROLINE, COUNTESS OF SEAFIELD, 

WHO HAS SO LONG AND SO ABLY RULED STRATHSPEY, 

AND WHO HAS SYMPATHISED SO MUCH IN THE 

PRODUCTION OP THIS HISTORY, 

THIS BOOK IS 

AFFECTIONATELY DEDICATED 

BY 

THE AUTHOR. 



PREFACE 



The material for " The Rulers of Strathspey" was 
originally collected by the Author for the article on 
Ogilvie-Grant, Earl of Seafield, in The Scots Peerage, 
edited by Sir James Balfour Paul, Lord Lyon King 
of Arms. A great deal of the information collected 
had to be omitted OAving to lack of space. It was 
thought desirable to publish it in book form, 
especially as the need of a Genealogical History of 
the Clan Grant had long been felt. It is true that 
a most valuable work, " The Chiefs of Grant," by Sir 
William Fraser, LL.D., was privately printed in 
1883, on too large a scale, however, to be readily 
accessible. The impression, moreover, was limited 
to 150 copies. 

This book is therefore published at a moderate 
price, so that it may be within reach of all the 
members of the Clan Grant, and of all who are 
interested in the records of a race which has left 
its mark on Scottish history and the history of the 
Highlands. 

The Chiefs of the Clan, the Lairds of Grant, 
who succeeded to the Earldom of Seafield and to 
the extensive lands of the Ogilvies, Earls of Findlater 
and Seafield, form the main subject of this work. 



Vlll. THE RULERS OF STRATHSPEY 

The more important cadet families are, however, 
dealt with in Appendices. 

Acknowledgment is here made of the Author's 
indebtedness to " The Chiefs of Grant," and also to 
that able work on " Urquhart and Glenmoriston," 
by Mr William Mackay, who himself has shown 
great interest and sympathy in the production of 
" The Rulers of Strathspey." The thanks of the 
Author are due to Francis J. Grant, Esq., W.S., 
Rothesay Herald, himself a descendant of the Grants 
of Corriemony, who has kindly revised the proofs of 
this work. He also wishes to thank J. R. M. 
Macphail, Esq., K.C., for his kind assistance and 
advice ; Sir James Balfour Paul, Lord Lyon King 
of Arms, and Mr David Douglas, Edinburgh, for 
permission to allow the materials of the article on 
the Scots Peerage to appear, and for the use of the 
block of the arms of Ogilvie-Grant, Earl of Seafield, 
for this work. 

Lastly, his thanks are due to one whose name 
it is unnecessary for him to mention, without whose 
counsel and help this little volume would never 
have appeared. 

CASSILLIS. 

CuLLEN House, 

February 20th, 1911. 



CONTENTS 



PACK 

Preface ....... vii. 

Table of Contents ...... ix. 

Origin of the Family of Grant .... 1 

I. Sir Laurence le Grant, Knight, Sheriff of Inverness, 

1258-1266 ...... 4 

Robert le Grant, a witness along with Sir Laurence Grant 5 

II. John Grant, first of Inverallan, in Strathspey, 1296- 

1325 ...... 6 

llobert or Ralph le Grant ..... 7 

David le Grant, Sheriff of Stirling, 1295-1296 . . 8 

Alan or Andrew le Grant ..... 8 

Maurice le Grant, Sheriff of Inverness, 1340 . • 9 

Thomas le Grant ...... 9 

III. 1. Patrick le Grant, Lord of Stratherrick and Inver- 
allan, 1345-1362 . . . . .10 

IV. His daughter, Elizabeth le Grant, and her husband, 
William Pylche, burgess of Inverness, 1357 . . 11 

IV. Malcolm le Grant . . . . .11 

V. Elizabeth le Grant, Lady of Stratherrick, grand- 

daughter of Patrick le Grant . . . .11 

James Mackintosh, probably her husband . . 12 

III. 2. Sir John le Grant, Knight, Castellan of Darnaway ; 
Elizabeth, his wife . . . . .12 

IV. Thomas le Grant, his son . . . .16 

IV. Robert Grant, the Ambassador, 1380-1394 . .17 

V. John Grant (Ian Ruadh), reputed husband of Matilda 

of Glencarnie, 1410-1434 .... 19 

VI. Sir Duncan Grant, Knight, first called of Freuchie, 
1434-1485 ...... 22 

VII. John Grant, younger of Freuchie, and Muriel Mac- 
kintosh (of Mackintosh), his wife, 1475-1482 . . 24 

VIII. John Grant, second of Freuchie (Am Bard Ruadh); 
Margaret Ogilvie (of Deskford), his wife, 1485-1528 . 25 



X. THE RULERS OF STRATHSPEY 

PAGE 

IX. James Grant, third of Freuchie (Sheumas nan creach) ; 

Elizabeth Forbes, his first wife ; Christina Barclay, 

his second wife, 1528-1553 . . . .33 

X. John Grant, fourth of Freuchie (the Gentle) ; Lady 

Margaret Stewart, his first wife ; Lady Jane Leslie, 

his second wife, 1553-1585 . . . .43 

XI. Duncan Grant of Abernethy, younger of Freuchie ; 
Margaret Mackintosh (of Mackintosh), his wife, 1566- 

1582 ....... 60 

XII. John Grant, fifth of Freuchie ; Lady Lilias Murray 

(of Tullibardine), his wife, 1585-1622 . . 68 

XIII. Sir John Grant, sixth of Freuchie, Knight ; Lady 
Mary Ogilvie (of Deskford), his wife, 1622-1637 . 82 

XIV. James Grant, seventh of Freuchie ; Lady Mary 
Stewart (of Moray), his wife, 1637-1663 . . 96 

XV. Ludovick Grant, eighth of Freuchie and first of 
Grant ; Janet Brodie, his first wife ; Jean Houstouu, 

his second wife, 1663-1716 . . . .113 

XVI. 1. Brigadier-General Alexander Grant of Grant; 
Elizabeth Stewart (of Moray), his first wife ; Anne 
Smith, his second wife, 1716-1719 . . . 125 

XVI. 2. Sir James Grant of Grant, Baronet ; Anne 
Colquhoun (heiress of Luss), his wife, 1719-1747 . 128 

XVII. Sir Ludovick Grant of Grant, Baronet : Marion 
Dalrymple (of North Berwick), his first wife ; Lady 
Margaret Ogilvie (of Findlater), his second wife, 
1747-1773 ...... 136 

XVIII. Sir James Grant of Grant, Baronet, commonly 
called " The Good Sir James ;" Jane Duff of Hatton, 

his wife, 1773-1811 . . . . .147 

XIX. 8. Lady Anne Margaret Grant, his daughter, and 
the "Raid to Elgin." Field-Marshal Sir Patrick 
Grant's part in it, 1820 . . . .152 

XIX. 1. Sir Lewis Alexander Grant of Grant, Bai'onet, 
afterwards fifth Earl of Seafield, Viscount of Reid- 
haven, and Lord Ogilvie of Deskford and Cullen, 
1811-1840 . . . . . .155 

XIX. 2. Colonel Sir Francis William Grant, Baronet, sixth 
Earl of Seafield, Viscount of Reidhaven, Lord Ogilvie of 
Deskford and Cullen ; Mary Ann Dunn, his first wife; 
Louisa Emma Maunsell, his second wife, 1840-1853 . 156 



THE RULERS OF STRATHSPEY XI. 

PAGE 

XX. 1. Francis William Grant, M.P., styled Master of 

Grant, 1814-1840 . . . ■ .160 

XX. 2. Sir John Charles Ogilvie-Grant, Baronet, seventh 
Earl of Seafield, Viscount of Reidhaven, etc, first 
Baron Strathspey of Strathspey, K.T. ; the Honour- 
able Caroline Stviart, his Countess, 1853-1881 . 164 

XX. 2. Sir Ian Charles Ogilvie-Grant, Baronet, eighth Earl 
of Seafield, etc., second Baron Strathspey of Strath- 
spey, 1881-1884 ..... 167 

XX. 3. Sir James Ogilvie-Grant, Baronet, ninth Earl of 
Seafield, etc., created Baron Strathspey of Strathspey ; 
Caroline Louisa Evans, his first wife ; Constance 
Helena Abei-cromby (of Birkenbog), his second wife ; 
Georgina Adelaide Forester Walker (widow of William 
Stuart, Esq.), his third wife, 1884-1888 . .169 

XXI. Sir Francis William Ogilvie-Grant, Baronet, tenth 
Earl of Seafield, etc. ; x\nn Trevor Corry Evans, his 
wife, succeeded 5th June, 1888, died 3rd December, 

1888 ....... 170 

XXII. Sir James Ogilvie-Grant, Baronet, eleventh Earl of 
Seafield, etc., born 1876, sxicceeded 1888 ; Mary 
Elizabeth Nina Townend, his wife . . .171 



APPENDICES 

Appendix I. — The first Grants of Ballindalloch and Dalvey 175 

Appendix II.— The Grants of Corriemony and Shewglie . 188 
Appendix III. — Grants of Glenmoriston, Carron, and the 

first Grants of Wester Elchies . . .193 

Appendix IV.— Grants of Monymusk and Arndilly . 201 
Appendix V. — Grants of Rothiemurchus and the second 

Grants of Ballindalloch .... 204 
Appendix VI. — Grants of Kinchurdie, Gellovie, Knockando, 

and Gartinbes ..... 208 



xu. 



THE RULERS OF STRATHSPEY 



ILLUSTRATIONS 



Portrait of Caroline, Countess of Seafield . . Frontispiece. 

Arms of Grant .... opposite page 1 

Castle Urquhart . . . . . ,, 28 

Craigellachie . . . . . ,, 60 

Cairngorm Mountains . . . . ,, 84 

Dress Tartan . . . . . „ 94 

Hunting Tartan . . . . . „ 104 

James Grant, seventh of Freuchie, b. 1616, d. 1663 ,, 109 
Lady Mary Stewart, wife of James Grant, seventh 

of Freuchie . . . . . „ 109 

Castle Grant . . . . . „ 118 

Cullen House . . . ,,138 

Arms of Ogilvie-Grant, Earl of Seafield . • ,> 156 

Portrait of seventh Earl of Seafield . . „ 164 

Portrait of eighth Earl of Seafield . • >) 167 

One Blazon and three Seals . . after 211 




ARMS OF LUDOVICK GRANT, EIGHTH OF FREUCHIE- 



OGILYIE GRANT, EARL OF SEAFIELD 



The origin of the earliest Grants^ is given variously 
by different authorities. Some have tried to estab- 
lish a Gaelic or Irish origin for the clan, making 
the Grants a branch of the Macgregors, or rather, 
like them, a branch of Clan Alpin, a belief which 
was subsequently fostered for political reasons, and 
which the Macgregors in the days of their adversity 
took advantage of, and it is said a proposal was 
•once made to reunite the two clans. Those who 
supported this theory derived the name Grant from 
the Gaelic grannda, ugly, a name, they said, applied 
•to the original ancestor of the Grants. They also 
point to the fact that several of the names among 
the Grants, such as Patrick, Duncan, etc., were 
'Common in Ireland, and that one sept of the clan 
bore the Irish ajDpellation of Chei'an or Chiaran. 
In an old Irish treatise on the " Law of Adamnan," 
•of date 697 a.d., there is given a list of those chiefs 
and notables guaranteeing the observance of his 
famous "Law of the Innocents" exempting women 
;and children from the duty of fighting in battle, 
in which occurs the name of Conall Grant rii deisint 
Brig, or King of Southern Bregia (Bray, near 

^"Chiefs of Grant," pp. 1-3. "Skene's Highlanders of Scotland," Mac- 
Eean's edition, pp. 339, 340. See also Skene's " Celtic Scotland " (Edinburgh, 
1890), III., pp. 349, 350. 

1 



I THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 

Dublin), who was slain in 718. Others derived the 
name from a moor in Strathspey called Griantach 
or Sliabh Grianais, the mountain or range of the 
sun. 

Others deduce a theory of Danish origin for the 
clan,^ because they find such names as Suene, A.lan, 
etc., in frequent use among them. To such lengths 
have they gone, that the Grants have been traced 
right up through one Hacken Grant, or the Big 
(Grand), to the mighty Odin, or Prince Wodine, 
the All-Father, w^io, it seems, reigned as the first 
King of the East Angles in the year 575. 

Such fables, however, we can set aside,^ and there 
is little reason to doubt that the progenitors of the 
chiefs of this clan were of Norman origin, although 
their followers who subsequently mainly composed 
the clan would be natives. The name is the 
French grand, great, big. 

The name Grant, Le Graunt, or Le Graunt or 
Grand, is of very frequent occurrence in early 
English documents, such as the Calendar of Charter 
B-olls, Catalogue of Ancient Deeds, Calendar of 
Patent Polls, Calendar of Close Polls, and also 
Calendar of Documents relating to Ireland. A 
Thomas le Graunt de Depa (Dieppe) appears as 
early as 1224-5. We find a William le Graunt of 
Hucuth (Hertfordshire), 1290, and a William le 
Graunt in Ireland, 1230-1243. A Pichard le Grant, 
Chancellor of the diocese of Lincoln, was in the year 

1 " Shaw's History of the Province of Moraj' " (Glasgow, 1SS2), vol. I., pp. 
89, 90, and 94 (footnote). " Macfarlane's Genealogical Collections," by James 
Toshach Clark (published Vi}' the Scottish History Society, Edinburgh, 
1900), vol. I., pp. 103-106. 

" " Chiefs of Grant," pp. .3-7. " Nobiliaire de Normandie," by E. de Magny, 
1864 (in British Museum), vol. I., p. 4. 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 6 

1228 elected Archbishop of Canterbury, but only 
lived a short time after his consecration.^ 

It seems exceedingly probable that the Grants 
came to Scotland from England on the return of 
Walter Bysset from exile, 1248-9.^ 

It is to be noted that the traditional accounts 
of the Family of Grant uniformly assert that at 
a very early period the Grants possessed lands in 
Stratherrick. Fraser quotes " Kobertson's Index of 
Missing Charters," p. xxv., as showing that Walter 
Bysset was lord of that territory; though " Strath- 
arkyk," as it is there called, looks more like 
Stratharkaig, quite a different place. 

Of course there is a theory that the Grants were 
connected with the North of Scotland at a period 
long anterior to the settlement of Byssets in Moray, 
and in that case it may be contended that Walter 
Bysset became overlord of the Grants, who originally 
held the territory. But the presumption iii favour 
of the migration of the Grants from England is very 
strong. In 1261 King Hemy III.,^ at the King of 
Scotland's suggestion, pardoned an offence against 
the forest laws committed by " William le Graunt, 
who lately by the King's precept set out with 
Alexander, King of Scotland for that country," i.e., 
Scotland. He was accused of taking venison in 
Sherwood Forest on the journey. He may be the 
same as the William le Grant who was one of a 
number of Norman knio^hts to whom Henrv HI. in 
1270 gave permission to go to the Holy Land.* 

- See " Llelaud's Collectanea " (1770), I., pp. 266-2S4 ; " Chronica de JIailros " 

(1835), p. 142. 

- " Histoiy of Beauly Priory,"'pp, 47 and 53. 

^ " Bain's Calendar of Documents relating to Scotland, ' I p. 442, 

■* " Rymer's Foedera," by Hol'xea 1739) Tou.e I. j:t II. f 111 



4 THE EARLS OF SE AFIELD 

A Thomas le Grant^ at the time of the King of 
Scots' marriage in 1251-2 acted as his merchant, 
and for some reason was at his desire removed from 
his office of receiver or keeper of the English King's 
works at York Castle. 

We have more certain ground when we come to 

I. Sm LAURENCE LE GRANT, 

Sheriff of Inverness. 

He appears as a witness, along with Robert le 
Grant,- in an Agreement between Archibald, Bishop 
of Moray and Sir John Byset, 20th September, 
1258. " Testibus .... dominis Laurentio et 
Roberto dictis Grant,'' by which the Bishop, in 
return for an annual payment, surrendered certain 
claims over lands in the Aird of Inverness-shire. 
Laurence le Graunt,^ as Sheriff of Inverness, 
rendered accounts to the Exchequer in 1263 and 
1266, and in the latter year also as "Bailie of 
Inverchoich." 

From Chamberlain Rolls, vol. 1, p. 21, we see it 
was Laurence le Grant* and not Gregory le Grant 
who was Sheriff of Inverness in 1263, and in his 
accounts he credits himself with twenty-four merks 
for the ward of the land of Abernethy. 

Between 1263 and 1266^ a question arose as to 
whether he or the Earl of Buchan is responsible for 
the^feu_^of Invery. 

1 " Bain's Cal. Docs. Scots," I., pp. 348, 349. See also " Calendar of Patent 

Rolls," sub dates May 4, 1245, and Jan. 2, 1252. 

2 "The Chiefs of Grant," by Sir Wm. Fraser, vol. I., pp. xxiii. and 3; 

" Registrum Moraviense," pp 133-135. 

3 " Chiefs of Grant," I., pp. xxiv. and Ixxi. (footnote). 

* " Exchequer Rolls," vol. I., pp. 13, 19, 33. 
^Ihid, I., p. 18. " Chiefs of Grant," I., pp. 10 and 11. 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 5 

Family tradition claims Laurence^ to have been 
the elder brother of Robert le Grant, as he certainly 
was the more prominent of the two, and also asserts 
that he was the directer ancestor of the family of 
Grant. Sir Robert le Grant appears as a witness 
along with Laurence in the Agreement dated 20th 
September, 1258.^ 

In or about the same year he received a charter^ 
from John Prat of the lands of Clonmanache (Coul- 
mony, on the Findhorn). To this charter Sir John 
Byset is a prominent witness. These lands had 
been in dispute between the grantor's father and 
Sir Robert le Grant, and this fact certainly indicates 
that the latter had resided some time in Moray. 

Fraser quotes " Calendarium Genealogicum," p. 
265,'* as showing that a family of the name of Prat 
also held lands in Nottingham. The Bysets, Prats, 
and Grants (in the person of William le Grant, 
who, in right of his wife, Albreda Byset, one of 
the heiresses of Henry Byset, held the manor of 
Athelington in the county of Lincoln, and also the 
manor of East Bridgeford in the county of Notting- 
ham), were thus near neighbours in England as well 
as in Scotland, and further, the Bysets and Grants 
in England were allied by marriage. 

There is a difficulty in deciding whether Sir 
Robert le Grant was a brother of Sir Laurence le 
Grant. ^ Robert le Grant is the first of the two 

1 " Chiefs of Grant," I., p. 8. 
- See supra and " Chiefs of Grant," I., pp. xxiii. and 3 ; " Registnim 

Moraviense," pp. 133-135. 
^ " Chiefs of Grant," vol. I., pp. xxiii. and 8. Cf. III., p. 5 (" Charters of 

Grants of Grant ")• 

•* " Chiefs of Grant," I., pp. 4 and 9. " Cal. Gen.," II., p. 461, and Thoroton's 

Nottinghamshire, Edition (1677), p. 149. 

5 " Chiefs of Grant," I., p. 8. 



6 THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 

who can be in any way proved to have actually 
possessed land in Moray. 

IL JOHN LE GRANT, 

First of Inverallan/ Taken fighting at Dunbar 
(with the Earl of Mar and others) on 28th April, 
1296,^ imprisoned in Gloucester, and set free on 
30th July, 1297, on condition of serving the King 
(Edward I.) against France, John Comyn, elder of 
Badenoch, and David de Graham being sureties for 
him and others. 

From John of Inverallan, son of Gilbert, brother 
of Augustine, Lord of Inverallan and heir to his 
uncle through Gilbert's decease, he in 1316 received 
a charter of sale^ of the lands of Inverallan in 
Strathspey/ On 18th October, 1316, William 
of Federeth, younger,^ a son or grandson of that 
William of Federeth who, between 1262 and 1294, 
married Christian of Moravia,*^ a co-heiress of 
Freskin of Moravia, last of the old Lords of Duffus, 
acting as superior of the lands of Inverallan, con- 
firmed this charter. 

Between 1315 and 1325^ he affixed his seal to a 
charter by Sir Patrick Graham of Lovat, granting 
the Priory of Beauly a third joart of his lands of 

1 "Chiefs of Grant," I., pp. 15-18 ; " Rot. Scot.," I., p. 45b. 

"" Cal. of Docs, relating to Scotland," II., pp. 177, 241, and 242 ; "Hist. 
Doc. Scotland," II., p. 54. See also " Cal. of Close Rolls." sub date May 12, 
1296 (he was allowed 3d a daj^ during his imprisonment), and Memo, of 30th 
July, 1297. 

3 " Chiefs of Grant," I., pp. xxix., 22, 23, and vol. III., pp. 257, 258. 

* Ancient transcript at Castle Grant made circa 1550. 

^ " Registrum Moraviense," Preface, p. xxxvi. 

® See Article, " Bothwell,"' " Scots Peerage," edited by Sir James Balfour 
Paul, Lord Lyon King-of-Arms, vol. II., p. 122. 

" " History of the Priory of Beauly," pp. 78, 79. 



THE EARLS OF SEAFTELD 7 

Altyre in exchange for the multures of Lovat, 
Fing-ask, and Donaldston. 

Accord in p; to tradition he was a son of Sir 
Laurence le Grant. ^ Of this there is no proof 

He had issue 

Patrick le Grant or La Grawnt of Strath- 
errick. 

Robert or Ralph le Grant,^ also taken at Dunbar 
on 28th April, 1296,^ was liberated on July 30th, 
1297, from Bristol, where, according to most of the 
documents referred to, he w^as confined, on condition 
of serving the King in France, John Comyn, elder 
of Badenoch, and David de Graham being sureties. 

One document,^ the Memoranda Roll (Treasurer's) 
23 and 24, Edward L, m. 37, says he was confined 
in Gloucester Castle. 

According to the traditional pedigree of the 
family, he was a brother of John le Grant, but 
there is no actual proof of any relationship between 
them and Sir Laurence, or that they were of kin 
to each other. 

In the Ragman Roll,' August 28th, 1296, Robert 
de Graunt del counte de Fyfe submitted at Berwick- 
on-Tweed. If this is the same man as the Robert 
le Grant above, he must have submitted while a 
prisoner. It is not improbable from the context, 
however, that this Grant was a churchman. 

^ " Chiefs of Grant," I., p. 15. 

-Ihid, I., pp. 15-18. 

^ " Rot. Scot.," I., 45b. " Cal. of Documents relating to Scotland," IT., 
pp. 177, 237, 242. See also " Cal. of Close Rolls," sub date May 16, 1296, and 
Memo, of 30th July, 1297. 

■* " Hist. Doc. Scotland," II., p. 55. 

^ " Cal. of Documents relating to Scotland," II., p. 203. " Chiefs of 
■Grant," I., p. 19. See also " Prj'nne," III., p. 657; " Nisbet's Heraldry," 
vol. IT. ; " liemarks on Ragman Roll," p. 37. 



8 THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 

Patrick ]e Grant^ was Castellan of John Comyn'^s 
castle of Clunie, in Perthshire. His accounts range 
from September ]5th, 1291, until July 27th, 1292, 
and consist of receijDts of salary. From the first of" 
these accounts we find that he was castellan on 
24 th August, and from the last that he ceased tO' 
hold that office on July 28th, 1292, on which day 
he delivered over, as directed by a precept from the 
Bishop of Durham (Anthony Beck), the Castle of 
Clunie to Hugh of Erthe, Bailie of Sir John Comyn 
in the abthanage of Dull, and by whom Patrick 
Grant's salary had been paid. 

David le Grant^ was Sheriff of Stirling for King 
Edward I. in 1295 and 1296. On 8th September, 
1296, however, he is ordered to hand over the 
custody of the Castle and the Sheriffdom to Bichard 
de Waldegrave.^ 

(On 3rd May, 1335, we find David Graunte* 
and William Graunt, esquires [armigeris], who are 
among the Irish subjects ordered by Richard IIL 
to join him in Scotland.) 

Andrew le Grant^ is named as a witness with 
the Fentons and others in Sir Patrick Graham's 
charter (see supra). 

He and Sir Patrick Graham*^ are again named 
together as witnesses in the charter conveying 

^ " Chiefs of Grant," I., pp. 18 and 19. " Cal. of Documents relating tO' 
Scotland," II., pp. 128, 133, 139, 140, 146. "Hist. Doc. Scotland," I., pp. 
247-335 passim. 

~ " Cal. of Documents relating to Scotland," II., p. 264. " Hist. Doc. of 
Scotland," II., pp. 17 and 80. " Chiefs of Grant," I., p. 19. 

="'Rot. Scot.," I., 30 b. 

*Ibid, I., 34. 

® " Chiefs of Grant," I., p. 24. " Historj' of the Priory of Beauly," pp. 
78, 79. 

6 " Chiefs of Grant," I., p. 24, and III., p. 258. 



THE EARLS OF SE AFIELD 9* 

Inverallan to John le Grant in 1316. He must, 
therefore, have been a person of some note. His 
name^ appears in the accounts rendered to the 
Exchequer on the 30th November, 1331, and 8th 
March, 1332-3, by the Provost of Inverness. 

Sir Wilham Fraser thinks he may be identical 
with an Alan Grant'- mentioned by English his- 
torians as being present at Halidon Hill, and that 
he may, as is traditionally alleged, have been a 
brother to John le Grant of Inverallan. 

Maurice Grant may also have been a member of 
this family.^ He is first named as acting on behalf 
of the Provosts of Inverness* in rendering: their 
accounts to Exchequer, at Berwick-on-Tweed on 
16th March, 1330-1, and at Scone, 8th March, 
1332-3. He also rendered the account for the 
regality of the Earl of Moray within the Sheriffdom 
of Inverness at Aberdeen on 30th December, 1337, 
In 1340, if not for some time before that date, he 
filled the important office of Sheriff of Inverness, a 
post similar to that held by Sir Laurence ]e Grant. 

Thomas le Grant,^ who is inserted in pedigrees of 
the Grants as a son of John le Grant, also appears 
at this time. All that is known of him is that in 
1333 he v/as one of an assize" held at the Hospital 
Hall of Aberdeen upon a recognition of the pos- 
session by Reginald of Bane of certain lands in the 
shire of Aberdeen. He was probably a burgess of 
Aberdeen. 

' " Exchequer Eolls," vol. I., pp. 354, 417. 

- " Chiefs of Gi-ant," I., pp. 24, 2,'). See also " Memoires de la Maisou de 

Grant," p. 41, par Charles Grant, Vicomte de Vaux, 1796. 

3 " Chiefs of Grant," I., p. 25. 

■* •' Exchequer Rolls," vol. I., pp. 310, 417, 440, 465. 

5 " Chiefs of Grant," L, p. 25. 

® " Registrum Ei^iscopatus Aberdonensis," vol. I., p. 53. 



10 THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 

This Thomas le Graunt^ is claimed as the ancestor 
of the Grants of Normandy, through two sons 
ascribed to him, Tassin or Thomassin (a not un- 
common variation of Eustace), and William, who 
are said to have settled in that country in 1359, 
having come for that purpose with their brother- 
german, John Grant, Ambassador of Scotland (see 
infra). 

A Thomas le Grant," who may or may not be the 
same as above, was in 1304-5 plundered and maimed 
of a hand, by outlaws resetted by Sir Duncan of 
Feringdraut in the liberty of Arbroath. 



in. I. PATRICK LE GRANT 

or le Grawnt of Sti'atheriick^ succeeded his father 
John of Inverallan in the lands of Inverallan (see 
sujora). 

In 1345 he witnessed a Charter* by John, Earl 
of Moray to Robert le Chesholm. 

As Lord of Stratherrick^ he granted about the 
year 1357 to his son-in-law William Pylche, burgess 
of Inverness, the lands of Kildreke and Glenbeg, 
lying within the lands of Inverallan, to be held by 
William Pylche and the heirs of his marriage with 
Elizabeth, daughter of Patrick le Grant. He had 
issue 

I. Malcolm le Grant (see infra). 

^ " Memoires de la Maison de Gi-aiit," par Charles Grant, Vicomte de Vaux 

1796, p. 41. 

- '■ Cal. of Documents relating to Scotland," II., p. 469. 

■^ "Chiefs of Grant," I., pp. 26 ct seq. 

■* "The Familie of Innes," pp. 59 and 60. 

^ " Chiefs of Grant," Vol. I., pp. xxiii. and xxix. Vol. III., p. 10. 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 11 

II, Elizabeth le Grant/ who married about 
1357 William Pylche, burgess of Inverness, after- 
wards knighted. They had issue'- apparently 

Sir William Pylche, Lord of Culcabok, and part 
of Inverallan, who died before 1427. 

By his wife Elizabeth Pylche,^ who survived him, 
dying before 1453, he had issue two daughters, 
Elizabeth and Marjory Pylche. They were, about 
1427, infeft in their father's lands of Dreggie and 
Glenbeg part of Inverallan. In 1482 they, in their 
widowhood, resigned (with reservation of liferents) 
their Inverallan lands, and also their lands of 
Culcabok, &c., in favour of Hay of Mayne,* whose 
successors sold Inverallan in 1587 to John Grant, 
fifth of Freuchie. 

IV. MALCOLM LE GRANT, 

apparently son of Patrick le Grant (see supra). 

On 11th October, 1380,^ he was present at 
certain proceedings between Alexander Stewart, 
Earl of Buchan, the " Wolf of Badenoch," and the 
Bishop of Moray, at the Castle of Puthven. 

On 25th September, 1394,*^ he is named as the 
possessor of a twenty merk land near Inverness in 
an agreement between Thomas (Dunbar), Earl of 
Moray and Alexander of the Isles, Loid of Loch- 
aber. He was probably the father of 

Elizabeth le Grant," Lady of Stratherrick, 
grand -daughtei', and in 1433 nearest heir, of 
Patrick le Grant. 

' " Chiefs of Grant," L, pp. xxix., 26 and 27, Vol. III., p. 10. 
- Ibid, L, pp. XXX., 34 and 35. III., pp. 20 and 22. 

•* " Inveriiessiana," pp. 47, 186, 188. "'See infni. 

■'" Registrum Moraviense," pp. 183-187. ^ Ibid, p. 35.'). 

^"Chiefs of Grant," I., pp. xxiv., xxx., 29, 30, 31. 32, -33; vol. IIT., 

pp. 15 and 16. 



12 THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 

She married Mackintosh/ and had issue a 

son, James Mackintosh, who, on 28th August, 1419,. 
had a grant of the lands of Stratherrick from his 
mother. Nothing further is known regarding him. 

Ehzabeth le Grant" had also a daughter, who 

married Seres, as on 29th September, 1433, as 

grand-daughter and nearer heir of Patrick le Grant, 
Lord of Stratherrick, Elizabeth conveys to John 
Seres, her nearest heir, her grandson, in " direct 
line," all her lands. He had possession of Inver- 
allan, and his son, Patrick Seres, in 1482, disponed 
these lands to John Grant, ^ son of Sir Duncan 
Grant of Freuchie. 

III.A. Sm JOHN LE GRANT, KNIGHT. 

Sir William Eraser"* states that according to an 
English historian he was a prisoner at Halidon Hill 
at 16th July, 1333. He was in the Earl of Moray's 
division,'^ and he is probably the same John Grant 
who received a charter of the lands of Dovely 
(Dunphail) from John Randolph, Earl of Moray, 
on 1st April, 1346, with the custody of the Castle 
of Darnaway, and also the forest beyond the park. 

^ It is verj- likely that Elizabetii's husband was James Mackintosh of 
Rothiemurchus (see " Chiefs of Grant " I., p. 32 ; •' The Mackintoshes 
and Clan Chattan," by A. M. Shaw Mackintosh, 1903 edition, p. 409), son of 
the Shaw Mackintosh, who led the Clan Chattan in the famous conflict on the 
North Inch of Perth, and who, according to the Kinrai-a MS., married 
a daughter of " Gregor Grant," but there is no evidence of a Gregor Grant at 
this period. From the same source it would appear that James Mackintosh 
fell at the battle of Harlaw, 1411, so that if Elizabeth was his wife she would 
be a widow in 1419. 

2 Ibid, Vol III., p. 259, and Vol. I., p. xxx. 

^ See infra. 

* " Chiefs of Grant," I., pp. 36-46, and Vol. III., p. 8. 

^ See " MS. Scottish King's Household " in " Miscellany of Scot. Hist 
Socy.," Vol. I., p. 27 note. 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 13 

•{John le Grant^ was knighted before the battle of 
Poictiers, 19th September, 1356, but by whom is 
not stated). How long he enjoyed this office we do 
not know ; but on 6th January, 1368-9, King David 
II." granted the same land of Dovely to one 
of his favourites, Richard Comyn, with the office of 
forester of the forest of Darnaway, but Fraser thinks 
they were out of the hands of John le Grant 
previous to that date. 

He is repeatedly found in the train of the Earl 
of Mar,^ and had several safe conducts backwards 
and forwards from England to Scotland on the 
Earl's business, and also for across the seas. 

(We find that contemporary with this Sir John"* 
is a Sir John le Grant of Hakusmith, who, on 10th 
April, 1345, is by a mandate from the Pope to 
the Archbishop of York to be re-inducted into the 
Church of Byrthorn Jorz, of which he had been 
despoiled by John de Bekingham, a rector in the 
diocese of Lincoln. On 10th March, 1358, we find 
John Graunt and Joan, his wife, of Lincoln, in a 
List of Persons to whom indulcrences were to be 
given to choose confessors.) 

Some historians, notably Dr Abercromby,^ in his 
"Martial Achievements of the Scots Nation," assert 
that Sir John le Grant was in 1359 appointed am- 
bassador to France, along with Sir Robert Erskine 
and Norman Leslie, and that he was associated with 
them in the treaty signed in the New Hall of 

^ Fordun Skene's Edition, 1S71, I., p. 377 note. 

- " Reg. Mag. Sig.," 6tli Jan., 136S-9. 

3 " Rot. Scot." I., pp. 815, 837. 

■"'Calendar of Papal Registers." "Papal Letters," Vol. IIL, pp. 172 and 

598. 
■'Dr Abercromby's " Martial Achievements," etc., edit. 1715, Vol. II,, p. 124. 



14 THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 

the Palais Royal on 29th June, 1359.^ It may be 
here noted that, as mentioned above, Tassin (or 
Thomassin) and William Grant" are said by Charles 
Grant, Vicomte de Yaux, in his Memoires, to have 
gone over with their brother-german, John Grant, 
ambassador of Scotland, in 1359, to settle in Nor- 
mandy. If this can be relied on, he may be a son 
of the Thomas le Grant mentioned above, as the 
father of Tassin and William.^ Sir William Eraser, 
however, except that he admits he must be a cadet 
of the family, is quite uncertain as to his parentage ; 
although he had been supposed to be by former 
genealogists the eldest son of John le Grant, first 
of Inverallan. As shown above, however, Patrick 
le Grant of Stratherrick seems clearly to have been 
the eldest son. He also considers that the balance of 
evidence^ is against Sir John's taking any part in 
the embassy to France. 

On 5th December, 1363,^ he received a safe 
conduct for himself and Elizabeth, his wife, 
with ten persons, horsemen and footmen, and also 
another for himself and his tenants of his town 
of Easter Gordon in " le Merskes " in Scotland to 
come into England with their goods, etc., and 
their business being done to return. 

In a charter*^ (confirmed by David II., 9th Sep- 
tember, 1364), he appears at Kindromy Castle as 
witness to a charter by Thomas, Earl of Mar of 
the lands of Auchtererne, in Cromar, to Ego 
Fergusson. The date of the original charter was 

^ See supra and '' Chiefs," I., p. 25. 

2 " Memoires de la Maison de Grant," 1796, p. 41.- 

3 " Chiefs of Grant," L, pp. 36, 37. ■* Ibid, pp. 41, 42. 

5 " Rot. Scot.," Vol. I., p. 877. •* R. M. S., 9th September, 1364. 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 15 

probably before 1361, when the fortress of Kil- 
drumie (Kildromy) fell into the hands of the 
Crown/ 

On October 13th, 1366,^ he had a safe conduct 
to pass into England or across the sea. 

On 23rd May, 1368,^ he is a witness to a charter 
by Thomas of Baliol, brother to Thomas, Earl of 
Mar, at Cavers, resigning certain lands of the barony 
of Cavers to William, Earl of Douglas. He had a 
brother, Hichard le Grant; a churchman of the 
diocese of Moray. ^ Alexander Stewart (the Wolf of' 
Badenoch), Earl of Buchan, calls him his kinsman 
and fellow-commoner. He may be the same as a 
Bichard le Graunt, chaplain mentioned in a license,, 
dated at Eltham 16tli January, 20 Edward. III., 
granted to John de Bohun and Cecilia his wife. 

He married a lady whose Christian name was 
Elizabeth,^ but whose surname has not been 
ascertained. 

He died before 10th December, 1371, probably 
between 23rd May, 1368, and 6th January, 1368-9, 
when the lands of Dovely and the office of Castellan 
were bestowed on Bichard Comyn. 

From charter'' of 10th December, 1371, we 
learn that he was the trustworthy follower not 
only of John, but of Thomas Bandolph, first Earl of 
Moray, who died in 1332, and that his services 
extended back to the days of King Bobert the 

^ " Fordun a Goodall," Vol. II., p. 365. " Scalacronica," p. 202. 

- " Rot. Scot." I., 905 A. • 

^ " Liber de Melros," vol. II. pp. 435, 436. 

■*See "Calendar Papal Registers." Petitions I. pp. 379, 562, 572, sub dates 

1361, 1381, 13S9. 

•^' See infra. " See infra. 



16 THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 

Bruce, so that it is most probable that he was at 
Halidon Hill.^ 

He left issue 

Thomas le Grant,- who appears as a witness to 
a charter by Edua, one of the heiresses of Old 
Castle, dated 4th March, 1361-2. 

He is also a witness to a charter by Nicholas of 
Forays (Forres), dated 4th February, 1363.^ 

He received from King Robert II. ■* on 10th 
November, 1371, a charter narrating the grants of 
successive Earls of Moray to the late John le Grant, 
his father ; and, further, for the latter's service in 
defence of the kingdom, conferring and confirming 
to the said Thomas the lands of DollynduflP and 
Dovaly (DounduflP and Dunphail), and the office of 
forester of the King's Park and Castle of Darnaway, 
with other privileges. 

A Thomas le Grant^ rendered to the Exchequer 
various accounts connected with the Burghs of 
Inverness and Elgin. Thus, on 11th August, 1362, 
the account of Thomas Byset, Thomas le Grant and 
another, " custumars of Inverness and Elgin, is 
rendered at Perth. '"^ On 10th March, 1367, and 
i7th January, 1369, he and John Scot, as custumars, 
of Inverness, render their accounts at Perth. On 

■^ In a fourteenth century manuscriiat ("Miscellany Scot. Hist. Societ)'," 
vol. II., p. 27 and note) Sir John Grant and his son are mentioned as being 
prisoners at Halidon Hill. But instead of the expression Sir John le Graung 
le fitz, " Hemingburgh Chronicon " (Hans Claude Hamilton, II. 308), Signet 
Library, and Knighton (in "' Twysden," p. 2564) have Alanus Graunt. It 
would, ther^ore, appear that Sir John's eldest son was called Allan. But 
Fraser thinks that this Allan is identical with Andrew Grant, and that he was 
.a brother of John Grant, first of Inverallan. See " Chiefs," I., p. 25. 

^ " Chiefs of Grant," I., pp. 46 and 47. " Invernessiana," pp. 64 and 65. 

^ Ihid, pp. 57 and 58. See also pp. 62 and 63. 

* " Reg. Moraviense," pp. 473, 474. 

^" Exchequer Rolls," vol. II., p. 97. 

•« Ihid, pp. 248, 269, 320. 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 17 

16th January, 1366-7, he, as bailie of Inverness, 
renders his accounts at Perth. 

At Perth also on 12th January, 1367-8,^ and 
18th January, 1369-70, Thomas le Grant, also acting 
on behalf of the bailies of Inverness, renders his 
accounts. As Sir William Fraser observes, there is 
no further mention of Thomas le Grant in the 
Exchequer Kolls after January, 1369-70. It is not 
improbable, therefore, that the custumar of Inver- 
ness between January, 1369-70, and November, 
1371, became castellan of Darnaway, and ceased to 
act in the former capacity. 

(On 4th February, 1389," the accounts of the 
bailies of Linlithgow are rendered at Perth by 
Thomas Graunt, but this very probably is not the 
same man as Tliomas le Grant above.) 

Robert Grant, ^ the Ambassador. He, as 
armiger or esquire,^ had a safe conduct into Eng- 
land and beyond sea from Edward III. of England, 
dated 11th February, 1379-80. On 18th October, 
1380, he received a safe conduct from Richard II. 
to fight a duel with Thomas de I'Strother, an Eng- 
lishman, at Liliattecross, on the Monday following 
the next St Martin's Day, the duration of the safe 
conduct to be fixed by John, Duke of Lancaster. 

On the 18th February, 1380-1,^ he received a 
safe conduct into Encj-land to confer with Robert 

1 "Exchequer Rolls," vol. II., pp. 278, 328, 338. 

-Ihid, III., p. 313. 

3 " Rot. Scot.," vol. II., pp. 20 and 29. 

* Note. — The word '■ armiger " not only identifies this Robert Grant as the 
same who was afterwards an Ambassador to France (" Rot. Scot.," II., pp. 30, 
31), but also distinguishes him from another Robert Grant, who, about the 
same time, received a safe conduct permitting him to trade in England. 

5 " Rot. Scot.," vol. II., p. 34. 



18 THE EARLS OF SEA FIELD 

Hales, the Prior of the Hospital of St John of 
Jerusalem, in England, touching the affairs of the 
said Hospital. 

On 16th November, 1385,^ he, as escuier (esquire)^ 
received £40 (francs d'or) from a sum sent from 
France to be distributed among the Scottish nobles. 

In 1391" he received a sum of money as his 
expenses while engaged in the aflPairs of the kingdom. 
From an entry in the Exchequer Rolls, rendered 
14th February, 1389-90, we learn that he, John 
(Peebles), Bishop of Dunkeld, Chancellor of Scot- 
land, and John Ramorgny, had been on an embassy 
to France. As a result of their efforts, a truce was 
concluded^ from 18th June, 1389, until 16th August, 
1392. In 1391 he, accompanied by Walter Trail, 
Bishop of St Andrews, and a herald called Douglas, 
had gone on a special mission to France, and it was 
to them that the large sum of £468 10s 4d was paid 
on 15th March, 1391-2. As a result of the mission, 
a solemn treaty^ was signed by the French King, 
Charles VI., on 30th March, 1391, in presence of 
Mr Duncan Petit, Archdeacon of Glasgow, and 
Bobert Grant, who are described as "Maistre 
Donquen Petit et Robert Grant, escuier, embassa- 
teurs et messages^ Before the 22nd March, 1391-2, 
he got a fee of £20. 

From accounts of 4th Februar}-, 1392-3, and 
26th March, 1394, Ave see that this fee had been 
converted into a pension of £20,^ to be paid yearly, 

^ " Foedera," 16th November, 1385. 

2 " Exchequer Rolls," III., jjp. 248, 27-5, 701, and also p. Ixx. 

» " Foedera," ISth June, 1389. 

■* Origmal Treaty in Register House, Edinburgh, printed in " Exchequer Rolls," 

vol. III., pp. xcvii. et seq. 

5 Ibid, pp. 312, 344. 



THE EARLS OF SE AFIELD 19> 

for his services in France and elsewhere. After 
26th March, 1394, we hear nothing more of him/ 

There is no proof as to his ancestry and 
descendants. Tradition assigns to him the position 
of a son of Sir John Grant. If this is so, he may 
have been a younger brother of Tliomas Grant. 

He was probably the father of 

V. JOHN GKANT 

(Ian Ruadh),- said to have been a knight and sheriff 
of Inverness in 1434. 

The only evidence of a trustworthy nature^ is to 
be found in a MS. family history of the Mackintoshes 
called the Kinrara MS., preserved by the Mackin- 
toshes. This MS. is stated to be written by Lachlan 
Mackintosh of Kinrara about the year 1679, and 
was partly founded on three earlier MSS. In the 
notice of Malcolm, the tenth chief of Mackintosh 
(who died 1463-4), it is recorded that he had five 
daughters, all married, of these " Muriel married 
John Mor Grant of Freuchie . . . Janet married 
Patrick Maclan Roy, brother of Sir Duncan Grant," 
thus implying that a John Hoy Grant was the 
father both of Sir Duncan and Patrick. 

He was most probably the husband of Matilda 
of Glencarnie,* the daughter of Gilbert of Glencarnie, 
who, on 15th February, 1391-2, exchanged with 
Marjory, Countess of Moray, and Thomas of Dunbar, 

^ For fuller details of Iiim see " Chiefs of Grant," vol. I,, pp. 48-52. 

" " Chiefs of Grant," I., pp. 53-61. See " The Historj' of the Province of 
Moray," ed. by Lachlan Shaw. New edition by J. F. S. Gordon. 1882. 
Vol. I., p. 97. " Chiefs of Grant," I., p. 59 and footnote. 

3 Ihid, p. 60. "The Mackintoshes and Clan Chattan," by A. M. :\rackin- 
tosh (Shaw). 1903 edn., pp. 6, 78, 82, 84, See " Macfarlane's Genealogical 
Collections," by James Toshach Clark, Vol. I,, p. 183, and infra. 

* " Chiefs of Grant," I., p. li,, IIL, pp. 13 and 14. 



20 THE EARLS OF SE AFIELD 

Earl of Moray, her son, his paternal inheritance of 
Glencarnie for the lands of the two Fochabers on 
Speyside, and the life-rent lease of the lands of 
Mayne, near Elgin, to be held in feu and heritage 
of the Earls of Moray. 

But on 26th March, 1398,' "Gilbert of Glen- 
chernie, then Lord of Fochabirris tenand of that ilke 
land," entered into an agreement to sell these lands 
of Fochabers to Thomas of Dunbar, Earl of Moray, 
the former proprietor, for £100 sterling " of the 
usuale monay of Scotland." 

The lords of Glencarnie^ were descended from 
Gilbert, the third Earl of Strathern. Gilbert (most 
probably a younger son of the third Earl), who 
about the year 1232 is designed son of Gilbert, late 
Earl of Strathern, and is mentioned as patron of the 
kirk of Duthil, entered into an agreement on 12th 
September, 1232, with Andrew, Bishop of Moray, 
whereby it was provided that Gilbert and his heirs 
should hold, of the Bishops of Moray, the half 
davach of Kyncarny in feu farm. 

It appears that this Gilbert had succeeded his 
brother, Gilchrist, who died in 1198, in these lands, 
as on 16th April, apparently about the year 1205, 
at Forfar, King William the Lion had confirmed a 
gift made by Earl Gilbert to his son, Gilchrist, of 
the lands of Kinnebethin (Kinveachy) and Glen- 
carnin, to be held of the Earl in fee and heritage.^ 
A charter by King Alexander II., dated at Dun- 
fermline on 12th February, 1220-6, confirmed this 

1 " Chiefs of Grant," III., pp. U and 15. 
- Ihid, I., pp. xlviii. and xlix. See Strathern article, " Scots Peerage." 
" Registrum Moraviense," pp. 89 and 93. 
3 " Cliiefs of Grant," III., p. 1. 



THE EARLS OF SE AFIELD 21 

grant.^ King William the Lion had, about 1180, 
granted the lands of Kinbethach (Kinveachy) to 
Earl Gilbert.- 

The date of Ian Ruadh Grant's death^ is un- 
certain, but Matilda of Glencarnie died before 31st 
January, 1434, leaving issue the following : — 

I. Duncan Grant, afterwards Sir Duncan Grant 
of French ie. 

II. Patrick Mac Ian Roy,* brother of Sir 
Duncan Grant, is said by the Kinrara MS. to have 
married Janet, third daughter of Malcolm, tenth 
chief of Mackintosh. To him by some is attri- 
buted the position of ancestor to the Clan Phadruig 
or House of Tulloch Gorm. 

Some, however, say lie was illegitimate.^ 

On 28th July, 1473, Marjory Lude,'' a widow, 
styling herself " Lady of half the Barony of 
Freuchie," alienated her lands of Auchnarrows, 
Downan, Port, and Dalfour (Dellifure) to her 
son, Patrick Grant. He is also called Reoch. 
He died before 2nd December, 1508, leaving a son, 

Reoch, who probably is the Patrick Reoch 

said to have died in 1513, in a Charter of Apprising 
of 1st May, 1585.' 

(Now it is rather strange that Sir Duncan 
Grant should have the Barony of Freuchie, or 
rather apparently half of it, and that Marjory 
Lude, a widow, should leave half of the barony 

' " Chiefs of Grant," III., p. 2. 

- Ibid, p 1, from an original charter in the charter chest of the Duke of Atholl. 

•* See infra, and " Chiefs of Grant," I., pp. 54 and 55. 

•* See supra and " The Mackintoshes & Clan Chattan," p. 84. Macfarlaue's 

" Gen. Coll.," Vol. I., p. 183. Shaw's " Moray," I., p. 97. 

•^ " Macfarlane," I., p. 109. 

6 " Chiefs of Grant," I., p. 61.; III., pp. 30, 31. 

' Ibid, III., pp. 266, 395. 



22 THE EARLS OF SE AFIELD 

to Patrick Keoch (or Roy) Grant, her son. Could 
it be that she was the second wife and widow of 
Patrick Maclan E,oy mentioned above, and that 
Sir Duncan and Patrick Maclan Roy each got iialf 
of the^barony of Freuchie ?) 

Patrick Reoch Grant, ^ who died in 1513, had a 
grandson, Nicholas Gumming, from whom the lands 
in this charter were apprised by James Grant of 
Auchernach, and finally sold to John Grant, fifth of 
Freuchie, in 1589, the grandson and successor of 
John Grant, fourth of Freuchie, who had left 40 
merks to Nichol Cuming, " ane pure man." 

VI. SIR DUNCAN GRANT, 

Knight, first called of Freuchie,^ born on or before 
1413. He was knighted between 1460 and 1464 
(see Exchequer Rolls, VL, p. 657, and " Chiefs of 
Grant," III., p. 26). On 31st January, 1434-5, as 
Duncan le Grant, he received a Precept of Sasine 
from King James the First for infefting him as 
lawful heir of his deceased mother, Matilda of 
Glencarnie, in the fifth part of the Barony of 
Rothes Wiseman and Burnmuckty (Barmuckity), 
the two Fochabers, a half of Surestbwn (Sheriifston), 
and an annual rent of two merks from the town of 
Thornhill, all in the sheriffdom of Elgin. He was 
addressed as "Duncan le Graunte of Fruychy"Mn 
a Precept of 31st August, 1453, in which Archibald, 
Earl of Moray and Master of Douglas directs him 
to infeft John le Hay of Mayne in a half of the 
town (ville) of Inverariane or Inverallan, a half of 

^ "Chiefs of Grant," I., pp. Ixxv., Ixxvi., 152, and footnote. See infra. 

-'"Chiefs of Grant," I., pp. xxxvi., h., 54, 55, 62-68, and IIL, p. 18. 

'^Ihid, I.,'pp. XXXV., 63, and III., p. 22. 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD iio 

the town of Glenbeg, and a half of the town of 
Dreggie in the Earldom of Moray. 

As Sir Duncan Grant, he was retoured first on 
25th February, 1464-5,' and finally on 7th February, 
1468-9, as heir in the lands of Congash of his 
grandfather, Gilbert of Glencarnie, who is said to 
have died about thirty years before. From the 
first of these Retours we see he must have been 
knighted before that date. On the 25th September, 
1475, with consent of John Grant, his son and 
apparent heir, he granted a Precept for infefting 
James Douglas of Pittendreich in the fifth part of 
the half of Surastoun (Sheriffston).^ 

On the 26th March, 1479,^ he was one of the 
arbitrators who gave decree in the dispute between 
the Mackintoshes and Rose of Kilravock as to the 
lands of Urquhart and Glenmoiiston. His son, 
John Grant, was also an arbitrator. 

We find timt Duncan Grant"' had a lease of 
BaHindalloch from 1456-1460. 

Glencarnie was let to Sir Duncan Grant^ from 
1475 till his death. 

In the Exchequer accounts rendered 31st July, 
1487," we see there is a question regarding a new 
lease to him, which seems to have been granted.' 

He died 1485,^ as appears from a short Latin 
Chronicle relating to the Highlands, by James 
McGregor, Dean of Lismore, who died in 1542. It 
is said that he married Muriel Mackintosh, daughter 

' " Chiefs of Grant," I., pp. xxxvi., Hi., 55, 64, 65, and III., pp. 26, 28, and 29. 

-Ibid, I., p. QQ, and III., pp. 32 and 33. 

. •'" Chiefs of Grant," .1., p. 67. " Family of Kih-avock," p. 139. 

■» " Exchequer. Rolls," VI., pp. 378, 483, 657. 

•5 " Ibid, VII.. .pp. 367, 407, 523, 577 ; IX., pp. 47, 140. 267, 313, 362. « p. 499. 

" " Exchequer Rolls," X., p, 85. **" Chiefs of Grant," I., p. 68. 



24 THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 

of Malcolm, tenth Chief of the Mackintoshes, but 
the evidence points to her having married John 
Grant, Sir Duncan's son. 

Sir Duncan Grant had issue one son and two 
daughters. 

I. John Grant,^ younger of Freuchie, mentioned 
above with regard to a precept of his father in 
1475, and also as an arbitrator in 1479. 

On 8th September, 1478," he received a grant 
from George, Earl of Huntly of the liferent only of 
the Earl's lands of Fermestoun, Kinrara, Gergask, 
and others, and is there described as son and 
apparent heir of Duncan Grant of Freuchie. 

It seems most probable that he is the John Mor 
Grant of Freuchie^ who is stated by the Kinrara 
MS. to have married Muriel Mackintosh, daughter 
of Malcolm, tenth Chief of the Mackintoshes. 

He predeceased his father. Sir Duncan Grant. 
He died before 16th September, 1483, and according 
to a Chronicle of the Highlands compiled previous 
to the year 1542, he is said to have died at Kin- 
drochat in Mar on 30th August, 1482, and to have 
been buried in the Cathedral Church of Moray. 
He was infeft in the lands of Inverallan* in a 
precept dated 9th May, 1482, from the Superior, 
William Crawford of Federeth, on the resignation 
of Patrick Seres the same date. 

He 1-eft issue three sons, 

1. JoHN,^ who succeeded his grandfather as^ 
Laird of Freuchie. 

' See supra. - "Chiefs of Grant," I., pp. 69, 70. 

*"The Mackintoshes and Clan Chattan," p. 84. Macfarlane's " Gen. Coll.,' 

vol. I., p. 183. " Chiefs of Grant," I., pp. 69 and 70, and III., p. 34. 

4 " Chiefs of Grant," I., p. xxxi.; III., pp. 261, 262. 

^ See infi-a. 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 25 

2. A son, Patrick, is also assigned to John 

Grant, younger of Freuchie, who is 
claimed as the ancestor of the older 
family of Grants of Ballindalloch (see 
Appendix L, Grants of Ballindalloch). 

3. William, 

who appears to have been the third son 
of John Grant,^ younger of Freuchie, is 
named in a Royal Remission dated 13th 
February, 1527, and is said to be an 
ancestor of the Giants of Blairfindy, 
He may be the same as the William 
Grant who witnessed a Charter, 6th 
November, 1534." 

II. Catherine Grant, 

daughter of Sir Duncan Grant, first of Freuchie. 

kShe became the third wife of Lachlan Mackin- 
tosh,^ called " Badenoch," and was the ancestress of 
the Chiefs of Mackintosh.'* 

She is also said to have married Alexander 
Baillie of Dunain and Sheuglie.^ 

III. Muriel. 

She married Patrick Leslie of Balquhain, and 
had issue. She died circa 1472.*^ 

VIII. JOHN GRANT, 

Second of Freuchie, called the Red Bard (Am 
Bard Ruadh). 

1 " Chiefs of Grant," I., pp. 70, 98 ; III., p. 72, 

■-R. M. S., 14th November, 1534. 

3 "Chiefs of Grant," I., p. 68. 

^Original Paper at Castle Grant, dated 20th February, 1568. 

^ " Invernessiana," p. 128. 

^"Chiefs," I., pp. 68 and 500 ; '"Collections for a History of the Shires of 

Aberdeen and Banff," Vol. I., p. 530. 



26 THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 

On the 8th June, 1483, on a Precept from 
William Crawford of Federeth, he was infeft in the 
lands of Inverallan.^ In 1511, after the death of 
Alexander Hay of Mayne, who also had a Charter 
of these lands, the non-entry of the lands was 
conferred by the Crown on one Robert Douglas, 
who pursued John Grant of French ie for the rents 
and dues thereof before the Lords of Council. In 
the action the Crown laid claim to the maills of 
half the lands of Gaich, half the lands of Glenbeg, 
and half the lands of Dreggie, but their Lordships 
decided in favour of John Grant of Freuchie on 
production by him of Charter and Sasine of the lands. 

On 16th September, 1483, he received a gift 
from George,^ Earl of Huntly of the lands of Kinrara 
and others in the lordship of Badenoch, in liferent 
for man-rent service. 

On 15th September, 148 4, he entered into a con- 
tract of marriage with Margaret Ogilvy,^ daughter 
of Sir James Ogilvy of Deskford. 

On 17th June, 1489, he was infeft in the half 
lands of Freuchie and others as heir to his grand- 
father. Sir Duncan Grant. ^ On the ]4th and 20th 
June, 14 91, the Earl of Huntly exchanged with 
him the lands of Corroo (Curr), TuUochgorm, and 
Clunie, for the lands of Fodderletter, Innerloquhies 
(Inverlochy), and the two Inverowries (Inverury) in 
Strathavon.' 

1 " Chiefs of Grant," I., p. xxxi. ; III., pp. 263, 264. 

-Ihid, I., p. 71 ; III., pp. 34 and 35. 

^ Ibid, I., pp. 71, 72 ; III., pp. 35 and 36 (Original Contract in Charter Room 

at Cullen House). 

^ Ibid, I., p. 72 ; III., pp. 37, 39-41. 

■^ Original Charter dated 4th February, 1491. See infra, " Chiefs of Grant," 

I., pp. Ixviii., Ixix., p. 76 ; and Act. Dom. Con. p. 398. 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 27 

On 4th January, 1493-4, he, on his own resigna- 
tion, received a Charter of Confirmation from King 
James IV. erecting the whole of his lands into a 
Barony, to be called the Barony of Freuchie/ 

John Grant, as early as 1488, must have 
acquired an interest in Urquhart,^ as in a dispute 
between the Laird of Freuchie and Alexander, Lord 
Gordon, the rents (270 merks) of the lands of 
Urquhart and Glen Moriston are stated, 28th 
January, 1492-3, to be four years in arrear. 

He subsequently accepted from the Crown a lease 
of the lordship of Urquliart and Glen Moriston for 
five years from Whitsunday, 1502, at the old rent 
of £100,^ of which, however, £20 a year was allowed 
to himself as his fee for keeping the Castle, and 
this lease is confirmed by entries in the Exchequer 
Rolls of 12th August, 1502; 4th July,. 1503; 8th 
July, 1504; 28th July, 1505. 

On 22nd October, 1495, there is a decree by the 
Lords of Council,* that, within forty days after 
being charged to do so, he should infeft the pursuer, 
Alexander, Lord Gordon, as desired, in the lands of 
Inverurie and Inverlochy in the Sheriffdom of Banff, 
and the lands of Fodderletter within the Sheriffdom 
of Inverness, and, in default of obedience, that his 
goods should be distrained for the 600 merks 
penalty he had incurred by non-performance of this 
obligation before Martinmas, 1494. 

^"Chiefs of (4rant," I., pp. xxxvi,-xl., 77, and III., pp. 41 and 42 ; also 
Original Instrument of Resignation at Castle Grant and R. M. S., 4th January, 
1493-4. 

- " Chiefs of Grant," I., pp. Ixxx. and 75 ; Acta Doin. Concilii, p. 267. 

^Mackay's "Urquhart and Glenmoriston," p. 74; King's Rental Book, 
1502-1.508, in Register House. See also " Exchequer Rolls," XII., pp. 01, 128, 
218, 348, 6.59. 

■*" Chiefs of Grant," I., p. 76 (see also p. 72) ; and Acta Doni. Con., p. 398. 



28 THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 

On 4th February, 1498-9, the Kmg, for the good 
and faithful service done by John Grant of Freuchie, 
bestowed on him the lands of Glencarnie and 
Ballindalloch, with the mills of the same within the 
shire of Elgin and Forres.^ The lands were to be 
held of the King in fee and heritage for an annual 
payment of £71 Scots, with a proviso that if one 
term's rent was unpaid ere the expiry of a second 
term or half-year, the infeftment should be null 
and void. 

John Grant was infeft in Glencarnie on the 8th 
April, 1499, in terms of a precept the same date as 
the Charter, which assigned Mullochard as the 
principal messuage of the lands of Glencarnie.^ 

On the same day Sasine of the lands of Ballin- 
dalloch was given at the place of Ballindalloch as 
the principal messuage.^ 

From a writ dated at Inverness, 26th October, 
1499,"* we see that John Grant of Freuchie had, 
shortly after his acquisition of Glencarnie and 
Ballindalloch, been appointed one of the King's 
Sheriffs, specially deputed to see that the King's 
Writ ran against certain refractory Highland 
subjects.^ 

He purchased the lands of Nether Auchroisk, in 
1505, from John Nairn, the Baron of Cromdale, and 
by his infeftment therein, 16th April, 1505, obtained 
a footing in the Barony of Cromdale.*^ 

1 " Chiefs of Grant," I., pp. liii., liv., and 78 ; R. M. S., 4th February, 1498-9. 
-Origmal Instrument of Sasme at Castle Grant. See " Chiefs of Grant," I., 

pp. Uv., 78 ; and III., p. 44. 
* Original Instrument of Sasine at Castle Grant. See "Chiefs of Grant," I., 

pp. liv. and 78. 

4 Ihid, I., pp. 79 and 80. 

^ " Rose of Kilravock," pp. 168-170. 

^"Chiefs of Grant," I., p. 85 (Original Charter at Castle Grant); III., pp. 44, 45. 





^ 






Ol 



*IJn 




f 



i^:^-!.; ■■ 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 29 

On 10th May, 1508 (Original Instrument at 
Castle Grant), and 8th November, 1508, he entered 
into a contract, dated at Altyre, with John 
Gumming of Erneside for the marriage of Margaret 
Grant, his daughter, to Thomas Gumming, younger 
of Erneside/ In terms of this contract, on '29th 
June, 1509, the half lands of Mulben and others in 
the Sheriifdom of Elgin were conveyed by John 
Gumming" to John Grant, who was duly infeft, and 
his title completed by a confirmation from the 
Grown, dated 31st July, 1509. 

On 8th December, 1509, he received a Gharter 

from King James IV. of the Barony of Urquhart.^ 

From an original Instrument of Sasine at Gastle 

Grant, we learn that formal infeftment was taken 

therein 24th January, 1510-11.* 

On 10th January, 1512-13, he had a Gharter of 
Sale from Alexander Gaderer, a burgess of Elgin, of 
the lands of Auldcash in the shire of Elgin. ^ 

On All Saints' Day, 1513, Sir Donald Mac- 
donald of Lochalsh, who had been proclaimed Lord 
of the Isles, invaded Urquhart, seized the Gastle, 
plundered the neighbourhood, and held the lands 
for three years. "^ 

' " Chiefs of Grant," III., pp. 47-48 ; and R. M. S., :31st .July and ISth 
August, 1509. See also R. M. S., 30th August, 1515. 

- " It would seem that in exchange for these lands the Laird of Freuchie 
handed over to John Gumming the lands of Ordiquish, Garbity, and Sheriff- 
ston, in the County of Elgin " (" Chiefs of Grant," I., p. xxxviii. ; R. M. S., 
18th August, 1509). This statement of Sir William Fraser is borne out by a 
Confirmation of a Charter of Sale, of 29th June, 1509, of these lands and 
others, given by John Grant of Freuchie to John Gumming of Erneside. 

^ " Chiefs of Grant," I., pp. Ixxx. and Ixxxi., and pp. 87 and 88 ; III., pp. 
.51-54 ; R. M, S., 8th December, 1509. 

•* For the Charter see also " Exchequer Rolls," XIII., pp. 327, 328. 

5R. M. S., 27th June, 1609., See infra. 

«'^ Chiefs of Grant," 1. pp., 88, 89 ; III., pp. 62, 871, 373. 



30 THE EARI.S OF SE AFIELD 

On 16th October, 1514, John Grant of Freuchie 
got a grant from Alexander, Earl of Huntly of the 
non-entries of the lands of Auchanyse.^ 

On 22nd October, 1520, he contracted a marriage 
between his daughter, Agnes Grant, and Donald, 
son of the Captain of Clan Cameron." 

In the account rendered 28th June, 1499,^ we 
find that John Grant had not only the fermes of 
Glenquharny (Glencarnie) allowed him, but also 
those of Abbirnethy (Abernethy)/ 

From Rentulia Domini Regis (Murray), 15th 
January, 1497-8, we fi.nd that he also had a three 
years" lease of Moreclune.^ 

He died on 1st May, 1528.*^ 

By his wife, Margaret Ogilvie, he left issue two 
legitimate sons and five daughters. 

I. James, who succeeded him," 

II. John Grant of Corriemony (see Appendix 
II., Grants of Corriemony). 

HI. Margaret Grant, 
eldest daughter of John Grant, second of Freuchie.^ 

Married (contract 10th May and 8th November, 
1508) to Thomas Gumming, son and apparent heir 
of John Gumming of Erneside. The contract is 
alluded to above. 

' " Chiefs of Grant," I., p. 90 ; III., p. 60. 

"Ihld, I., pp. 90, 91 ; III., pp. 64, 65. 

» " Exchequer Rolls," XL, p. 174. 

■* From original Discharges at Castle Grant, we find that John Grant had 
a grant of the lauds and lordship of Abernethy in feu at a fixed rate of £40 
Scots, and that this must have been as far back as 1516 (" Chiefs of Grant," 
I., p. Ixxii.). 

^ " Exchequer Rolls," pp. 390 and 446. 

6 " Chiefs of Grant," I., pp. 95 and 500. 

'' See 'infra. 

»'■ Chiefs of Grant," I., pp. xxxviii., 85, 95, 105 ■; III., pp. 47-48 See 
supra, ' 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 31 

IV. Anne, 
who married, about 1512, Hugh Fraser, Master of 
Lovat, afterwards third Lord Fraser of Lovat,^ and 
died before July, 1536. Her tocher appears to have 
been 1400 merks. (The name of this daughter is 
not discoverable from the Grant muniments, but it 
is said to have been Anne).^ 

She was the mother of Hugh, Master of Lovat^ 
sometimes called Simon (" History of the Frasers," 
p. 98), killed with his father in the fight with the 
Clan Kanald called Blar-nan-Leine, in 1544. 

After her death her husband married again, 
Janet, daughter of Walter E-oss of Balnagown^ 
being his second wife.^ 

V. Agnes, 
married Donald Cameron, younger. Chief of the 
Clan Cameron.'* Contract dated 22nd October,^ 
1520. 

1 "Chiefs of Grant," I., pp. 90 and 95 : III., p. 58 ; R. M. S., 19tli July, 
1536. See " Scots Peerage," Title Fraser of Lovat, pp. 526, 527 ; see also- 
" Macfarlane's Gen. Coll.," Vol. II., p. 93. 

- {Note. — The " Polichronicon" calls her Katherine, and says she was a prettj' 
young widow, relict of John Haliburton, Laii-d of Pitcur, but Mackenzie, in 
his " History of the Frasers," calls her Aime). There are indications of 
another alliance between the Grants and the Frasers, a half brother of Hugh, 
Master of Lovat, is stated in the " Polichronicon " to have married JMorella 
Grant, the Laird of Grant's daughter. His name is stated to be Andrew, but 
"he was vulgarly called McJohn. Of him descended a numerous tribe." 
Mackenzie makes Andrew "Anndra Ruadh a' Chnuic", killed at KinlocMochy 
(Blar-nan-Leine), distinct from a brother of John, who married a daughter of 
Grant of Grant. If either of above statements is correct, John Grant of 
Freuchie had another daughter, Muriel or Morella, who married a brother of 
Hugh Fraser, Master of Lovat. (" Wardlaw MS.", pp. 123, ] 28, 129 ; " History 
of the Frasers," pp. 74, 98). 

3 " History of the Frasers," p. 99 ; " Wardlaw MS.", p. 129. 

•* " Chiefs of Grant," I., pp. 90, 91, 95 ; and III, p,. 64. See also " Urquhart 
and Glenmoriston," pp. 89 and 90. 



32 THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 

VI. Elizabeth, 

married John Mackenzie, ninth of Kintail, and had 

issue^ 

Kenneth Mackenzie, tenth of Kintail, commonly 

known as " Coinneach na Cuirc " (Kenneth of the 

Whittle), from his skill in w^ood-carving and general 

dexterity with the Highland " sgian dubh." 
They were married before 24th June, 1526.^ 
On 13th September, 1543, we find a Charter 

from the Crown confirming a Charter to them dated 

20th June, 1543.' 

VII. Christiana,* mentioned as a creditor of 
her brother James in the Testament of the latter 
dated 1st June, 1553. 

VIII. Another daughter is said to have been 
married to Hector Mackintosh,^ temporary Chief of 
the Clan Mackintosh, but no evidence of this has 
been found. '^ 

John Grant, second of Freuchie, also left a 
natural son,' 

1 " Chiefs of Grant," I., pp. 95 and 500 ; " Macfarlane's Gen. Coll." T., p. 62. 

" " Exchequer Rolls," V., p. 247. 

•'Mackenzie's "History of the Mackenzies," 1894 edition, p. 145 ; R. M. S., 
20th June, 1543. 

* " Chiefs of Grant," I., p. 95 ; III., p. 109. 

^ Note. — The Kinrara MS. says that Hector Mackintosh, temporary' Chief 
•of the Clan Mackintosh, married a daughter of John Grant of Freuchie, by 
whom he had one son, Ferquhard, who died an infant of two years. (vSee 
'■Macfarlane's Gen. Coll.," Vol. I., p. 202). This statement receives some 
support from the fact that, although during his father's lifetime James Grant, 
third of Freuchie, had given a bond of man-rent to assist in defending Daviot 
against the Clan Chattan, he, John Grant of Ballindalloch, and John Grant of 
Culcabok, had found surety for assisting Hector and William Mackintosh in 
their attack on Daviot in 1534. (See " Chiefs," I., pp. 96, 101, 102 ; III., p. 
59). James Grant had, only a short time before this raid on 13th May, 1534, 
been charged by King James V. to proceed against Hector Mackintosh under 
pain of treason. (" Chiefs," II., p. 1). Hector Mackintosh was a bastard, 
who, during the minority of William, the lawful Chief, had usurped the chief- 
tainship of the Clan Chattan. (See " The Mackintoshes and Clan Chattan "). 

« " Macfarlane's Gen. Coll.," I., p. 202). 

^ " Chiefs of Gram," I., pp. Ixxxi., Ixxxii., 87 ; and s^ipra. 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 33 

John (called Ian Mor) Grant. (See Appendix 
III., Grants of Glenmoriston). 

IX. JAMES GRANT, 

Third of Freuchie, called " Sheumas nan Creach" 
(James of the Forays).^ He was retoured heir to 
his father in Freuchie, with its castle and fortalice, 
.and other lands, in 1536 and 1539."^ 




SIGNATURE OF KING JAMES V. 



On 24th July, 1543, he was one of those who 
siscned the secret bond bv Cardinal Beaton and 
others, which was directed ao;ainst the desis^ns of 
" our awld enymyis of Ingland '' against Queen 
Mary and the Queen Regent.^ 

He was made bailie of the Abbey of Kinloss 
before the 20th June, 1544.* 

From an original Discharge, dated 7th May, 
1544, in Grant Charter chest, granted by Patrick, 
Bishop of Moray, we find that Laggan, Ardinch, 
Auchnahandat, Kinakyle, Auchehangen, Wester 
and Easter Daltulie, with the croft of Cardell, 
Arndilly with its croft, and Allachie, with the 

1 " Chiefs of Grant," I., pp. xxxviii., 104 ; HI., p. 80. 
-See also " Exchequei- Rolls," XVI., p. 619, with regard to Sasine to him of 

Glencarnie and other lands in 1536. 

* " The Hamilton Papers," Vol. I., pp. 630, 632 ; " Letters and Papers, Foreign 

and Domestic," Henry VHI., Vol. XVIIL, Pt. I., 1543, p. 509. 

■»" Chiefs," I., pp. 106, 107 ; HI., p. 90. 



34 THE Ei^RLS OF SEAFIELD 

fishings of these lands upon the Spey, and those- 
also of the lands of Dalvey, Advie, Calledir, Tulchan, 
and Advoky, were all feu-farmed to James Grant, 
Laird of French ie.^ 

Knockando, Glencumrie, and Brodland, in the 
parish of Knockando, were granted by Alexander 
Douglas, chaplain of St Andrews (Knockando), in 
1545, with consent of the Dean and Chapter of 
Moray, to James Grant of French ie and Christian 
Barclay, his spouse.^ On 27th July, 1545, James 
Grant acquired by purchase from John Grant of 
Ballindalloch the lands of Estir Urquhill (Easter 
Urquhart) and Cantradoun. within the barony of 
Clawach (Clava), in the Sheriffdom of Nairn. ^ 

On 23rd April, 1545, at Elgin, a contract was 
signed between James Grant of Freuchie and 
Alexander Dolas of Cantray,'* whereby the said 
James becomes bound to infeft Alexander Dolas and 
his heirs in the lands of Easter Urquhart, Cantra,. 
Done, and Dalgramycht, in the shire of Nairn, and 
barony of Cloway (Clava), before Martinmas following, 
or else to repay him the sum of 1000 merks, and also 
to infeft the said Alexander within seven years 
thereafter in the lands of Cloway ; also, to pay him 
yearly, until he was infeft in the lands of Cloway, 
20 merks out of the lands of Clowie (Clurie) and 
Wester Curr, and 600 merks at the term therein 
specified. On the other hand, the said Alexander 
became bound to infeft the said James in the lands 

^ See " Chiefs of Grant," pp. Ixi.-lxvi. and 107-110 ; See also " Reg. Mor.," p.. 

411, for Charter of Feu-Farm, of 7th May, 1541. 

- " Chiefs of Grant," I., p. Ixxxv. 

3 R. M. S., 21st August, 1546 ; " Chiefs of Grant," I., p. 118. 

•1 Ihld ; and III., pp. §4-96. 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 35 

of Rothiemurchus, in the shire of Inverness, and 
regality of Spynie, within eight days after he was 
infeft in the lands of Easter Urquhart, etc. A 
penalty of 1200 merks was attached to the non- 
fulfilment of this contract, 400 merks to be paid to 
the Crown, a similar sum to the Cathedral Church 
of Moray, and the remaining third to the party 
desirous of fulfillino; the agreement. 

At Elgin, on the 8th May, 1546, he received a 
Bond of Maintenance from George, fourth Earl of 
Huntly,^ in which bond he and his son John are 
mentioned as being infeft in the bailiary of Strath 
oune (Strathavon), and keeping of the house of 
Drummyn (Drummin). For James Grant's Bond of 
man-rent, of same date, see the Gordon Papers.^ 

On the 4th May, 1548, Queen Mary conferred 
upon the Laird of Freuchie nine merk lands in 
Lochalsh which belonged to Ewen Donaldson, 
grandson and heir of Ewen Allanson of LocheiP ; 
also thirteen merk lands of old extent in Lochcarron, 
with the Castle of Strome and the office of constable 
of the same, which also had belonged to Ewen 
Donaldson. By the same Charter were also granted 
lands in the neighbourhood belonging to Allaster 
MacKane MacAllaster (Alisdair Maclan 'Ic-Alasdair) 
and Angus his son. These were the life-rent right 
belonging to Allaster of Glengarry of twelve merk 
lands of old extent in Lochalsh with the fee of the 
same, belonging heritably to his son Angus ; also 
lands in Lochcarron belonging to them, amounting 

1 "Chiefs of Grant," I. p. 119, and III., p. 97 ; see also R M. S., 14th 

August, 1549. 

-"Spalding Club Miscellany," Vol. IV., pp. 214, 215. 

3 "Chiefs of Grant," I., pp. 113, 114 ; E. M. S., 4th May, 1548. 



36 THE EARLS OF SE AFIELD 

to four merks and 20d, of old extent. To these 
were added various lands in Lochcarron of the old 
extent of seventeen merks 20d. belonging to the 
same persons ; also other lands including Glengarry, 
Dryanach, Sleismenach, and the fishings of the 
same ; also twelve merk lands of Morar, belonging 
to Allaster of Glengarry. These and the other lands 
named, lying in Ross and Inverness-shire, belonging 
to Allaster MacCane MacAllister of Glengarry, 
Angus, his son, Ewen Allanson of Locheil, and his 
grandson, Ewen Donaldson, all held of the Crown 
for ward and relief, were all apprised to the 
Laird of Freuchie as assioi'nee for his tenants in 
satisfaction of the "spulzie" of Urquhart, by the 
Macdonalds of Clan Ranald and Camerons of Locheil 
in 1544 and 1545, and were sold to him for the 
large sum of £10,770 13s 4d Scots, This Charter 
was subject to the debtors' right to redeem the 
properties by paying the amounts due within seven 
years; but as this privilege was not taken advantage 
of, on the expiry of the period of redemption the 
Charter became absolute. 

This Great Raid here alluded to was one on the 
Lairds of Freuchie and Glenmoriston, when the 
Castle of Urquhart was taken, and it is said that 
these raids which occurred in 1544 and 1545, 
gave to the Laird of Freuchie the appellation of 
*' Sheumas nan Creach." The Earl of Huntly, it is 
said, did, in 1546, by the aid of Mackintosh, succeed 
in apprehending two of the leaders of the insurrec- 
tion of 1544, i.e., Ranald MacDonald Glas of 
Keppoch and Ewen Allanson of Locheil.^ They 

1 "Chiefs of Grant," I., pp. 111-14 ; "Urquhart and Glenmoriston," 
pp. 96-108 ; "Gregory's Highlands and Islands," p. 179. 



THE EARLS OF SE AFIELD 37 

were tried for high treason, condemned and be- 
headed. This raid was in revenge for the part the 
Grants had taken in Huntly's expedition in the 
summer of 1544 to assist Ranald Gallda, the rightful 
Chief of Clan Ranald, in his struggle with John of 
Moidart (Iain Muirdeartach) for the chieftainship, 
and which had ended so disastrously for the Erasers 
in the battle of Blar-nan-leine (the Field of Shirts), 

On the 10th October, 1548, Evven (Donaldson) 
Cameron of Locheil met his uncles, Sheumas nan 
Creach and Iain Mor (of Glenmoriston) at Convinth, 
in the presence of John Mackenzie of Kintail, 
Kenneth Mackenzie of Brahan, Alexander Mackenzie 
of Fairburn, and others.^ Locheil undertook to keep 
" truely his kindness and fidelity" to his uncle and 
his heirs, especially in connection with the lands of 
Urquhart and Glenmoriston, and to aid him in all 
manner of actions against all mortals, except the 
Queen, the Earl of Huntly, and the Laird of 
Mackintosh, to which last he had recently given his 
bond of man -rent ; and the Laird of Grant agreed 
that during his nephew's good behaviour the latter 
should uplift and enjoy the rents and the profits of 
the lands apprised from him, and that they should 
not be alienated from him, except under the advice 
of Mackenzie of Kintail and his son Kenneth, the 
Laird's son — John Grant of Mulben, Iain Mor, and 
others, the Laird's well-advised friends. 

From letters under the signet of Queen Mary, 
dated 27th November, 1549,'- charging the royal 
ofiicers to assist James Grant of Freuchie in dealino- 

1 "Chiefs of Grant," L, p. 120 ; Ibid, III., p. 102 ; "Urquhart and Glen- 
moriston," p. 109. 
- " Chiefs of Grant," p. 114-115 ; Original Letters at Castle Grant. 



38 THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 

with his refractory tenants and occupiers of his 
lands in Morane (Morar), Slos, Glengarry, the half 
of Lochbroom, the half lands of Lochcarron, the 
lands of Kessoryne and Strome, and the woods and 
fishings of these lands, it appears that these tenants 
not only paid him no rent, but without permission 
or right "daylie fishis in his watteris and fischingis 
" thereof .... and distroyis his growand treis 
" of his woddis .... sua that the samyn 
" woddis ar alluterlie failzeit," etc. 

Four years later, on 24th June, 1553,^ similar 
letters were issued commanding the keepers of the 
Castle of Strome to deliver up the Castle to the 
Laird of Freuchie on six days' warning, the reason 
assigned being that the Laird had learned that 
Makconill, with men from the Isles, and with the 
assistance of Clan Cameron, Clan Ranald, and 
others, intended coming to cast the Castle of Strome 
down, and so to withhold the lands from the Laird. 

On the 22nd June, 1551, there is a contract 
betw^een James Grant of Freuchie" on the one part, 
and Finlay Paterson, son and heir of William 
Paterson, burgess of Inverness, Janet Kar, his 
mother, tutrix to the said Finlay, and Farquhar 
McConquhy of Dunmaglass, her spouse, on the other 
part, by which the said Janet Kar, tutrix aforesaid, 
with consent of her spouse, agreed that the lands of 
Dollagrammych (Dalgrambich), in debate between 
the said James and Finlay, should be held and 
possessed by the said James Grant and his heirs ; 
the said James and his heirs being bound to infeft 
the said Finlay in the lands Mydbowne Leneth 

^ "Chiefs of Grant," I., p. 115 ; Original Letters at Castle Grant, 
-Ibid, L, p. 120 ; III., pp. 104, 105. 



THE EARLS OF SE AFIELD 39 

(Middle Bunloit), in the lordship of Urquhart and 
shire of Inverness. 

On 2Cth January, 1552-3, at Strathisla, he 
contracted his dauo'hter Janet in marriage to 
Alexander Sutherland of DuflPus.^ 

He was apparently twice married, first to Eliza- 
beth Forbes, daughter of John, sixth Lord Forbes.^ 

His second wife was Christian Barclay, who 
survived him and married Arthur Forbes of Balfour 
without issue. ^ 

On 26th October. 1553, we have mention of the 
liferent reserved to her, and a contract between 
John Grant of Freuchie and her, dated 30th 
October, 1554, with regard to terce, etc.* His will 
was made at his "place of Ballacastell " on the 1st 
of June, 1553. He directed his body to be buried 
as honourably as was fitting in his Parish Church of 
Duthil.' In the confirmed Inventory and Testament 
of 22nd August, 1553, Ballacastell is called Freuchie. 
He is thus the first Laird of Freuchie as to whom 
there is authentic evidence of residence there or of 
burial in the parish. 

He died 26th August, 1553, at Freuchie (now 
Castle Grant). He left issue four sons and five 
daughters.*^ 

I. John Grant, 
who succeeded to the estates of Freuchie. 

1 " Chiefs of Grant," I., p. 121 ; III., pp. 106, 107. 

- Ihid, I., p. 12o ; Shaw's " History of the Province of Moray," L, pp. 92 

and 99 ; Article — Forbes — "Scots Peerage," IV., p. 54. 

•' "Chiefs of Grant,' L, pp. Ixxxv., 123, and 500 ; III., pp. 113, 114. 

•* Precept and Instrument of Sasine at Castle Grant ; " Exchequer Rolls," 

XVIII., p. 561 ; •' Chiefs," I., p. 128, and III., pp. 113, 114. 

■'■' "Chiefs," I., pp. 121, 122 ; III., pp. 108-112. 

«/6id, I., pp. 121-126 ; III., p. 112. 



40 THE EARLS OF SE AFIELD 

II. William, 

who, as son of the Laird of Freuchie, received on 
7th May, 1541, from Patrick, Bishop of Moray, a 
Charter of the lands of Finlarg or Muckrath.^ 

He died without issue before 22nd December, 
1560, when his brother John received a Precept of 
Clare Constat from the Bishop for his own infeft- 
ment in these lands as heir of William.^ 

III. Duncan, 

who also received from the Bishop of Moray, on 
16th January, 1542-3, a Feu Charter of the lands of 
Easter Elloquhy (Elchies). But even jDrevious to 
this date, on the 7th May, 1541, we have a Charter 
of Feu-farm by the Bishop, with consent of his 
Chapter, to him of these lands. ^ 

He was engaged in 1568 in a dispute with his 
neighbour, James Grant of Wester Elchies, in 
reference to their marches, which was amicably 
settled by a submission to arbitration dated 6th 
April, 1568.' 

For assisting in the rebellion of Huntly, he 
received a remission along with other members of 
the family, 9th July, 1569.' 

He seems to be the Duncan Grant of Elchies 
who married Marjory Leslie, third daughter of 
Bobert Leslie, fifth son of William Leslie of 
Aikinway /^ 

He died in October, 1580, leaving one son and 
one daughter.^ 

1 "Chiefs," I., pp. Ixv., 123 ; III., pp. 90-93, 366, 367 ; "Reg. Mor.." p. 405. 

- " Chiefs," I., p. 123 ; IIL, pp. 126, 127. 

^Ihid, I., pp. Ixv., 123 ; IIL, pp. 279, 371, 372 ; " Reg. Mor.," p. 403. 

^ " Chiefs," III., pp. 385, 386. ^IIL, pp. 137, 138. 

6 " Macfarlane's Gen. Coll.," II., p. 72. ' " Chiefs." I., p. 123. 



the earls of se afield 41 

1. James Grant of Easter Elchies/ 

who, as son and executor, gave up his 
father's testament on 26 th October, 
1602. 

He was a member of the juries for tlie 
retour of John Grant fifth of Freuchie 
ni 1582 and 1589. and came under an 
obligation with others of the Clan 
Grant to defend the Laird of Freuchie 
as their chiefs (Obligation dated 21st 
March, 1584). 

At Cromdale on the I7th March, 1594, he 
entered into a voluntary obligation with 
other Grants in Ijis neighbourhood to 
keep the peace under penalty of £1,000 
Scots for breach thereof.^ 

On 30th March, 1619. he and other persons 
are denounced rebels for remaining 
obstinately at the horn.^ 

He died before 1620, and apparently sine 
posteritate, as the lands appear to have 
reverted to the Lairds of Freuchie as 
heirs of tailzie, ° and were bestowed on 
a younger son. 

2. A daughter, Mary Grant of Elchies, 

who, about 1570, is said to have married 

a son of Leonard Leslie, Abbot of Cupar.'' 

Martin of Clermont's Genealogies state that 

Mr George Leslie, the Abbot's third son, 

1 "Chiefs, I., pp. 123, 506. - Ibid, III., pp. 157, 158. 

'^ Ibid, III., pp. 185, 186. For other references m RegaUty of Spynie, !59i 

and 1597, see " Spalding Club Miscellany," II., pp. 125, 135. 

* " Reg. Privy Council," II„ p. 561. '' See infra. 

^ " History of the Family of Leslie," III., p. 347. 



42 THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 

married Mary Grant, daughter of Grant 
of Kothes (Elchies ?), who bore a son, 
Leonard, a captain under the King in 
Ireland, where he was killed.^ 

IV. Archibald (see Appendix IV., Grants of 
Monymusk). 

V. ISOBEL, 

married before 1543 to Archibald Campbell, eldest 
son and heir of Sir John Campbell of Cawdor, and 
had issue.^ 

VI. Margaret, 

married to Thomas Gumming, grandson and heir of 
Alexander Cumming of A] tyre. Their marriage 
contract is dated at Elgin, loth September, 1552.^ 

VII. Janet, 

married (Contract dated 26th January, 1552-3) to 
Alexander Sutherland of DuflPus.* She survived 
him, and married secondly (Contract dated 26th 
SejDtember, 1577) James Dempster of Auchterless, 

She survived her second husband also, he dying 
before 7th January, 1591-2.'' 

She died between 17th and 31st October, leOO.*^ 
{Note. — Mr James Eraser, Minister of Wardlaw, 
says in his Chronology and Genealogy that William 
Eraser of Struy, tutor of Lovat 1558-60, married as 
his first wife Janet Grant, daughter of the Laird of 
Grant).^ 

1 " Macfarlane's Gen. Coll.," II., p. 46. 

2 "The Thanes of Cawdor," p. 170 ; Receipts for Tocher at Castle Grant. 

See also R. M. S., 16th August, 1545 ; "Chiefs," L, p. 124. 

=*•' Chiefs," I., p. 124 ; IIL, pp. 377-8 ; Copy Contract at Castle Grant. 

'^Ibid, I., pp. 121-124 ; III., pp. 106, 107 ; R. M. S., 10th January, 1578-9 ; 

For her terce see " Exchequer Rolls," XX., p. 551 

'^ R. M. S., 24th January, 1591-2. 

6 " Chiefs," I., p. 500. " " Macfarlane's Gen. Coll.," II., p. 94. 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 43 

VIII. Agnes, 
after her father's death, married to David Ross, son 
of Alexander Ross of the Holm. Their marriage 
contract is dated 24th August, 1558, at Freuchie.^ 

A Janet Grant was married to Alexander 
Gordon, Laird of Strathavon.^ She is said to 
be the youngest daughter of John Grant of 
Freuchie and Elizabeth Forbes, John Grant being 
evidently a clerical error for James Grant. In 
the Gordon Papers we find a Bond by Alex- 
ander Gordon of Strathavon, dated at Elgin, 
5th November, 1539, which talks of "Janet Grant 
my spouse and Alexander our son."^ John the 
Grant of Culcabok and John the Grant of Ballin- 
dalloch are among the witnesses, and there is good 
reason for believing she was a daughter or sister of 
John Grant of Ballindalloch. See writs of transac- 
tions between her and Grant of Ballindalloch/ 

X. JOHN GRANT, Fourth of Freuchie, 

called "The Gentle." 

Durino- his father's life desiirned "of Mulben."^ 
Date of birth uncertain, but probably before 1520, 
as he married before 19th February, 1539-40, Lady 
Margaret Stewart, daughter of John, third Earl of 
Athole, and she on that date received a Crown 
Charter of the lands of Mulben and others in the 
shire of Elgin and Forres, with the lands of the two 
Culfbichs and others, in the shire of Inverness, in life- 
rent, and she was duly infeft in these lands on the 

1 " Chiefs," I., p. 12i ; HI., pp. 125, 126. 

-Ibid, I., [). 12-1 ; "Burke's Commoners," IV., p. 8. 

3 " Spalding Club iliscellauy," IV., pp. 203-204. 

"• Protocol Book of J. Christison, pp. 61, 62. 

5 "Chiefs," I., IX 125 : III., p. 10:J. 



44 THE EARLS OF SE AFIELD 

3rd and 10th November following.^ She predeceased 
her husband in the year 1555, as appears from the 
Armorial Stone of John Grant of Freuchie, Lady 
Margaret Stewart, his wife, and their son, Duncan 
Grant, in Grant burial place at Duthil Church.^ On 
9th July, 1552, he received from Queen Mary a 
remission for joining Matthew, Earl of Lennox on 
Glasgow Moor in May, 1544.^ 

He was retoured heir to his father in the lands 
of Glencarnie and Ballindalloch, in the lordship of 
Glencarnie and Sheriffdom of Elgin and Forres, at 
Elgin, on 6th October, 1553/ Sasine followed, 
taken on the soil of these lands in the ensuing 
month. In the same month (October) John Grant 
was retoured heir to his father in the lands which 
belonged to him in Tnverness-shire,^ consisting of 
the lands of Freuchie, comprehending the town of 
Freuchie, with its mill, Dalfour, Auchnagall, and 
Glenlochy, the lands of Urquhart, namely, Brodland, 
with its fortalice and the other lands comprehended, 
the half lands of Loch broom, the half lands of 
Lochcarron and Kessoryne, including Strome Castle, 
the half lands of Lochalsh, including Glengarry and 
the lands of Morar. The Precept from the Crown, 
in terms of this retour, is dated 26th October, 1553, 
and Sasine of the lands of Urquhart was given on 
the soil of the lands of Brodland on 8th November 
the same year.*^ Sasine of the lands and barony of 

1 " Chiefs," I., p. 152 ; III., pp. 83, 84 ; Original Charter and Sasines at 

Castle Grant. 
"Hid, I., Illustration opposite p. 152. This stone is now at Castle Grant. 

^Ibid, I., pp. 125, 126 ; III., p. 106. 

* Ibid, I., p. 126 ; III., p. 112; Original Precept and Sasine at Castle 

Grant. See also entry, dated at Edinburgh, in " Exchequer Rolls." 

^Ibid, I., p. 126 ; See " Exchequer Rolls," XVIII., p. 561, 562. 

^ Precept and Instrument of Sasine at Castle Grant. 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 45 

Freuchie was given at the "castle and fortalice of 
Ballachastel]," under reservation of the two Con- 
gashes, Auldcharn, and the two Culfoichs, held in 
liferent by Margaret Stewart, wife of John Grant, 
and of a reasonable terce to Christina Barclay, 
relict of James Grant. 

On 3rd November, 1553, George, Earl of Huntly, 
as Sheriff of Inverness, issued a Precept for infefting 
John Grant in the lands of Lochbroom, Lochcarron, 
Lochalsh, Glengarry, and others, but there is no 
evidence extant of any formal infeftment in these 
lands/ In regard to the lands of Freuchie, 
Urquhart, Lochalsh, and others above referred to, 
it may be stated that John Grant of Freuchie 
received a gift from the Crown of the relief duty 
due from the lands of Freuchie, Lochalsh, Kessoryne, 
Lochcarron, Lochbroom, Glengarry, and Morar, held 
for ward and relief on 3rd April, 1554, and on 6th 
April he received a gift of the double feu-duty 
exigible on his entry to the lands of Glencarnie 
and Urquhart held of the Crown in feu farm.^ 

In the same year the Laird obtained a Precept 
of Clare Constat from Patrick, Bishop of Moray, for 
infefting him as heir of his father^ in the Church 
lands of Laggan, Ardinch, and other lands and 
fishings in the Bishop's Barony of Strathspey and 
Begality of Spynie, upon which Precept infeftment 
was duly given ; and on another similar Precept he 
was infeft in the lands of Nether Auchroisk/ 

^ Original Precept at Castle Grant. 
- Original Gifts at Castle Grant. 

* Original Precept and Sasine, dated 30th March and 8th May, 1554, at 
Castle Grant. Charter by the Bishop with consent of the Chapter at Elgin, 
7th May, 1541, «' Reg. Mor.," p. 411. 

* Ibid, dated 20th and 27th June, 1554, ibid. 



46 THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 

On 30th October, the same year (1554) Robert 
(Reid), Bishop of Orkney and his nephew Walter, 
the lately-elected Abbot of Kinloss, appointed the 
Laird of Freuchie as successor to his father in the 
office of bailie of the Abbey of Kinloss. The docu- 
ment was signed at Kinloss by Bishop Reid, and no 
fewer than nineteen monks or brethren.^ 

About this time the Laird of Freuchie added to 
the Grant possessions the lands of Muldares, Wester 
Muldares, and Bog bain, with mills, etc., in the 
earldom of Rothes, within the Sheriffilom of Elgin 
and Forres. These he received from George, Earl of 
Rothes, and Andrew Leslie, Master of Rothes, as liar 
of the earldom, by Charter dated 12th December, 
1554. These lands were to be held blench of the 
granters.^ 

On 30th November, 1555, he had a nineteen 
years' tack of the teinds of Ad vie and Cromdale 
from John Thorntoun, younger, parson thereof, 
following on a Contract dated 4th October, 1555, 
between Freuchie and James Thorntoun, the 
granter's elder brother and predecessor in the 
parsonage.^ 

On the 25 th October, 1557, he got from the 
Queen a Charter of the lands of Parkhill in the 
County of Fife, which John Leslie, formerly of 
Parkhill, had forfeited.^ 

On the 8th March, 1557-8, he married Lady 
Janet Leslie, daughter of the Earl of Rothes.^ 

On 3rd December, 1562, acting on an Order of 
4th November, 1562, of Queen Mary, he demanded 

1 " Chiefs," I., p. 127 ; III., pp. 114, 11.5. 

- Ihid, I., p. 128 ; Original Charter at Castle Grant. 

3 Ihid, III., pp. 379, 380. * R. M. S., 25th October, 1557. 

'' See infra. 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 47 

and took the custody of Drummin Castle, the 
keepers having fled. This Order of the Queen is 
the first authoritative document in which the Laird 
of Freuchie is denominated Laird of Grant/ 

SIGNATURE OF MARY QUEEN OF SCOTS. 

From a document we learn that the Laird was 
one of the Queen's party at Holyrood on 9th March, 
1565-6, when David Rizzio was slain, and w^ith 
Huntly, Atholl, Bothwell, and other nobles and 
officers, tried to prevent the Earl of Morton getting 
possession of the Palace after the murder.^ 

On 14tb July, 1567, the fifth Earl of Huntly, at 
Huntly, in fulfihnent of a Letter of Obligation, 
dated 18th February, 1566-7, executed a Charter 
of the lands of Rothiemurchus to John Grant of 
Freuchie, which Charter was confirmed by Patrick, 
Bishop of Moray, at Elgin, the 17th July, 1567.' 

• Huntly and the Laird of Freuchie are the first 
whose signatures appear to a Bond, of 1568, which 
pledged them to maintain the Queen's authority, 
and to acknowledge no other usurped authority.* 
Acting as the Queen's Lieutenant, Huntly, by a 
letter of gift signed and sealed by him at A berdeen, 
18th February, 1568-9, bestowed upon the Laird 
the Abbacy of Kinloss, escheated because Walter 

1 " Chiefs," I., pp. 133-136 ; II., p. 3 ; III., p. 127. 
-Ibid, I., pp. 136-138 ; see Cottoniarum MS. Caligula B. IX., 265 et scq., 
especially 274, British Museum. 
3 "The Mackintosh anil Clan Chattan," p. 151 ; .see also " Chiefs," II., p. 36 ; 

III., pp. 384, 385. 
■"'Chiefs," I., pp. 139, 140 ; "Spalding Club Miscellany/' IV., pp. 156, 157. 



48 THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 

lleid, the Abbot, had been proclaimed rebel for not 
finding surety to underly the law for the slaughter 
of a person named Fraser/ 

On the 31st March, 1 569, John Grant of Freuchie 
offers to submit to the Regent." 

Huntly, Crawford, Cassillis, and other peers and 
gentlemen, including John Grant of Freuchie, sign 
the Bond of lath April, 1569, drawn up by the 
Regent's Privy Council, and signed at different 
times and places, by which the subscribers acknow- 
ledged the authority of King James VI. and the 
Earl of Moray as Regent, and swore to obey them in 
all points.^ 





SIGNATUEE OF GEORGE 5tH. EAEL OF HUNTLY. 

The Laird of Grant with many others of the clan 
had been with Huntly 's Army, in August, October, 
and December, 1568, and March, 1569,^ which went 
through the country with "displayit banners," now 
marching through the streets of Inverness, now dis- 
turbing the sober citizens of Aberdeen, or creating 
terror among the peaceable inhabitants of Fetteresso 
and the Haugh of Meikleour.^ 

1 "Chiefs," I., p. 140 ; III., p. 284 ; Original Gift at Castle Grant. 

"" Calendar of Scottish Papers," Vol. If., p. 637. 

* " Register of the Privy Council," II., p. 654 ; " Calendar of Scottish 
Papers," III., p. 166. 

■• "Urquhart and Glenmoriston," p. 122 ; 'Chiefs," III., pp. 136, 137, 138. 

•' See Submission and Obligation to the Regent by John Grant, 7th June, 
1569 ; Precept for a Remission to John Grant of Freuchie and others for 
accession to the Earl of Huntly's Rebellion, 3rd July, 1569 ; and Composition 
and Remission by King James the Sixth to John Grant of Freuchie and his 
Clan, 9th July, 1569. 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 49 

On 26th July, 1570, by a Contract concluded at 
Elgin betwixt the Laird of Freuchie, for himself and 
his daughter, Barbara Grant, on the one part, and 
Colin Mackenzie, son and heir of the late Kenneth 
Mackenzie of Kintail, with consent of his curators, 
on the other part, the Laird binds himself to pay 
with his daughter 2,000 merks of tocher, and also to 
infeft Colin Mackenzie in the half lands of Loch- 
broom in the Sheriffdom of Liverness.^ 

On 17th November, 1571, in a Contract also 
concluded at Elgin betwixt himself and Angus 
MacAlister of Glengarry for the marriage of his 
daughter, Helen Grant, with Donald, the son of Angus 
MacAlister of Glengarry (Macdonald of Glengarry), 
the Laird of Freuchie consented to Angus enjoy- 
ing the nine merk land of Lochalsh, apprised from 
the Clan Cameron, until he should obtain possession 
of the lands of Auchindrone. The Laird also bound 
himself to infeft Glengarry and his heirs male in the 
lands of Glengarry, Morar, part (twelve merk land) 
of Lochalsh and Lochcarron, formerly apprised from 
Angus and his father for the raid of Urquhart. A 
penalty of no less than £10,000 Scots was to be 
incurred by Angus Macdonald if he failed to imple- 
ment the Contract. A Charter of Sale in these 
terms was given by Freuchie to Glengarry next day,' 

By a deed dated at Ballachastell on 30th August, 
1584, he made over, owing to his increasing ill- 
health, a great part of his lands and estates to John 
Grant, his grandson and apparent heir.^ The lands 

1 " Chiefs," I., p. 143 ; III., pp. 383-390 ; see infra, sub. Barbara. 

" "Chiefs," I., pp. 143, 144 ; III., pp. 143-149 ; See infra, under Helen ; 

H. M. S., 8th July, 1575, and 19th July, 1574. 

^"Chiefs," I., p. 150 ; Original Disposition at Castle (Jrant. 

4 



50 THE EARLS OF SE AFIELD 

made over were the whole of his lands of Freuchie^ 
his lands in Lochalsh, Strome and its castle, Loch- 
broom, Glengarry and others in Inverness-shire, with 
Easter Urquhill, Cantraydoun and other lands in 
Nairn, and Mulben and other lands in Elgin. The 
Laird reserved to himself a liferent rio-ht in these 
lands, and to his wife, Janet Leslie, her reasonable 
terce. His latter will and testament was made at 
Ballachastell, 24th November, 1584.^ He appointed 
his body to be "bureit in the kirk of Dowthall in 
Bogbegis Yll." Among the legacies was one of 40 
merks to Nichol Gumming, "ane pm^e man." This 
Nichol Gumming is evidently the grandson of 
Patrick Grant Reoch of Auch narrow, the grandson, 
and not, as Eraser says in his footnote, the son of 
Marjory Lude. 

This Testament was confirmed 15th March, 
1586-7." He was twice married ; first, as we have 
seen, to Lady Margaret Stewart, daughter of John, 
third Earl of Atholl. She died 1555. 

He married, secondly, before 15th May, 1557, 
Janet, daughter of George, fourth Earl of Rothes, 
and widow of David Grichton of Naughton.^ 

Oq the 8th March, 1557-8, a Grown Gharter was 
granted them of the lands of Mulben.* She is 
designed " Lady Jeane Leslie, Lady of Naughton," 
in a nineteen years' lease granted her by Robert 
Pitcairn, Gommendator of Dunfermline, of the teind 
sheaves of Bogie, Benochie, Smeatoun, and Bal- 

1" Chiefs," I., pp. 151, 152 ; III., pp. 286-292. 

2 Edinburgh Testaments, 15th March, 15v«6. 

="'Reg. of Deeds," II., p. 157. 

^ " Chiefs." I., pp. 152, 153. R. M. S., 8th March, 1557-8. 



THE EARLS OF SE AFIELD 51 

susnie, in the Shire of Fife, dated in the year 1568,' 
She had the liferent of these lands. The " Manu- 
script of the Surname of Lessly done in the 1695"" 
says that she was a daughter by her father's first 
marriage with Margaret Crichton, daughter to 
William, Lord Crichton, and niece to King James II., 
and that Norman Leslie, Master of Rothes, forfeited 
for killing Cardinal Beaton in 1546, and himself 
killed at the battle of Henton, in Picardy, 1554, 
was her brother. Margaret Crichton was a natural 
daughter of William, third Lord Crichton, and the 
Princess Margaret Stewart, youngest sister of James 
III. The MS. says Janet Leslie's first husband 
was Crichton of Naughton, and we find that he 
was in fact David Crichton of Naughton.^ Their 
marriage took place before 11th March, 1540-41.* 
David Crichton died about 1553, and on 6th 
January, 1553-4, the non-entry duties were gifted 
to David, Bishop of Boss, who on 25th January 
regranted them to his " lovit sister," Janet Leslie, 
relict of David Crichton.^ The Historical Becords 
of the Family of Leslie, however, say that she was a 
daughter of her father's third marriage with Agnes 
Somerville, relict of John, Lord Fleming, and Wood's 
"Douglas" supports this view.*^ The fact, however, 
that her first husband was a Crichton, and that 

1 Confirmation by Robert Pitcairn, Commendator of Dunfermline, of 10th 
January, 1583-4, with, consent of the Convent, of a Charter of Alienation and 
Sale of 21st December, 1583, by Alexander Crichton of Naughton ; Lease at 
Castle Grant ; " Laing's Charters," pp. 265, 266. 

- " Macfarlane's Gen. Coll.," II., pp. 428, 441, 442, 459. 

■' See Campbell's " Balmerino and its Abbey," p. 501. 

^See "Scots Peerage," title Rothes, and "Reg. of Deeds," 11., p. 159. 

5 " Act.s and Decreets," XXVI., pp. 243, 244. 

•^ " Historical Records of the Family of LesUe," II., pp. 64. 65. 



52 THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 

David Pantar, Bishop of Ross, styles her his sister, 
shows that she was a daughter of Margaret Crichton. 

For the chequered career of Margaret Crichton/ 
who married, first, WilHam Todrick, burgess of 
Edinburgh, secondly, George Halkerstoun, also a 
burgess of Edinburgh, previous to her marriage 
with Rothes, which marriage was dissolved on 27th 
December, 1520, for Lord Rothes' subsequent mar- 
riages to Elizabeth Gray, the widowed Countess of 
Huntly,' Agnes Somerville, John, second Lord 
Fleming's widow, and Isobel Lundy, widow of 
David, eighth Earl of Crawford, see titles Craw- 
ford, Crichton, and Rothes in the "Scots Peerage." 
The alleged reunion in wedlock of Margaret 
Crichton with the Earl of Rothes does not appear 
to have taken place. 

Lady Janet Leslie^ was, by letters under the 
Royal Signet, dated 26th November, 1586, charged 
to deliver up certain heirship moveables to her 
husband's grandson and heir. 

She married as her third husband, before 6th 
August, 1587, James Elphinstone,^ brother-german 
of Robert, third Lord Elphinstone. But she did 
not long survive her third marriage, having died 
in Kirkcaldy on 17th December, 1591. On 10th 
June, 1589, John, fifth of Freuchie, finds caution 
not to harm James Elphinstone, or Jean Leslie, 
Lady Grant, his spouse.'^ 

' " Riddell's Remarks upon Scotch Peerage Law," pp. 193-195. 

^ " Historical Records," II., p. 66. 

'"' Chiefs," I., p. 151 ; III., p. 400 ; Original Letters at Castle Grant. 

*" Edinburgh Testaments," 28th June, 1593; "Scots Peerage," title 

Elphinstone. 

5 " P.C. Register," IV., pp. 393, 394. 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 



53 



This Laird of Freuchie died at Ballachastell on 
the 3rd June, 1585/ 

By his two marriages he had two sons and seven 
daughters. 




cTVl/U- 



JOHN GRANT, FOURTH OF FREUCHIE. 



I. Duncan Grant, 

younger of Freuchie (by first marriage), predeceased 
his father, and his eldest son, John, succeeded his 
grandfather. 

II. Patrick Grant. (See Appendix V., Grants 
of Kothiemurchus). 

III. Elizabeth, Elspet or Isobel, 

a daughter of the fourth Laird of Freuchie by his 
first marriage. EHzabeth is named after Grissel in 
her marriage contract dated 17th March, 1558-9." 

On 19th January, 1560-1, and again in November, 
1561, Elspet Grant, daughter of John Grant of 
Freuchy, was contracted to William Eraser of 

1 " Chiefs," I., p. 150. - Ihid., III., pp. 397-8. 



54 THE EARLS OF SEAFTELD 

Strowie/ but there is no evidence that the marriage 
was completed." 

On 15th February, 1564-5, at Ballachastell, 
Elizabeth was contracted to marry John Leslie, 
younger of Balquhain, and on 16th February, 1564, 
at Ballachastell, a Precept was given by William 
Leslie of Balquhain, to infeft John Leslie, his son 
and heir, and Isobel Grant, his future spouse, in the 
lands of Auchlyne, etc.^ 

By this marriage there were two children/ 

1, John, who succeeded his father as eleventh 
Baron of Balquhain ; and 

2. William, who succeeded his nephew John as 
thirteenth Baron of Balquhain. 

(Martin of Clermont, however, calls William the 
eldest son of his father's third marriage).^ 

On 23rd July, 1574, the Commissaries of Edin- 
burgh assigned a term to Elizabeth Grant to prove 

1 '-Chiefs," L, p. 153 ; IIL, p. 381 

^With reference to Elizabeth being contracted to William Fraser of Struy, 
the Polichronicon says William Fraser of Struy, tutor of Lovat, was married 
to Janet Grant, the Laird of Grant's daughter, a woman of grace and of good 
parts. ("Wardlaw MS., Fraser Chronicles," p. 148). 

Mackenzie in his ''History of the Erasers" says : — " It is not known whether 
"the marriage was celebrated or not. If so, he must have divoi'ced her soon 
"after." The Contract with William Fraser of Struy is a peculiar one, for 
"oddly enough it anticipates a divorce and makes certain jarovision for it." 
("History of the Frasers," pp. 638, 639). 

Allusion is made to the causes of either consanguinity or affinity. 
("Chiefs," III., pp. 380, 381). 

Now it appears that there was no blood relationship, merely affinity. 
William Fraser of Struy, whose original Christian name is said to have been 
Andrew, is put down in the "History of the Frasers" as son of Hugh, Lord 
Lovat, killed at Blar nan Leine, not by his first marriage with Anne Grant, 
but by his second marriage with Janet, daughter of Walter Ross of Balnagown. 
(Mackenzie's "History of the Frasers," p. 99). 

■'"Chiefs," III., pp. 381, 382 ; L, pp. 131, 132. 

^" Historical Records of the Familj' of Leslie," III., p. 73. 

■'' " Macfarlane's Gen. Coll.," II., p. 13. 



THE EARLS OF SE AFIELD 55 

the Precept of divorcement pursued by her against 
John LesUe of Balquhain. 

In a document dated at Edinburgh, 5th March, 
157G-7, in connection with this process of divorce, 
she is called Isobel.^ 

Her liusbancl married, secondly. Lady Elizabeth 
(Isobel) Hay, daughter of George, seventh (not 
sixth) Earl of Erroll, by whom he had a daughter. 
But she divorced him {Decree dated Edinburgh, 
9th March, 1597).' 

John Leslie married, thirdly, on 6th July, 1598, 
Jean Erskine, daughter of Sir Alexander Erskine, 
Baron of Gos"ar, and sister of Thomas, first Earl 
■of Kellie. Jean Erskine obtained a decreet of 
adherence before the Commissaries at Edinburgh 
the same year.^ 

It is said that all the three wives of John Leslie 
of Balquhain were alive at the same time, and that 
on one occasion they were all in the same kirk or 
Chapel of Garioch.* 

He also appears to have had a natural son by 
another lady.^ 

On 21st January, 1580, William Gumming of 
Inverallochy granted to her (Isobel, daughter of 
John Grant of Freuchie), in liferent, and to the 
heirs male to be born betwixt himself and her, his 
lands of Inverallochy, in terms of a marriage con- 
tract of the same date.*^ 

This Isobel is apparently identical with Elizabeth, 
as the latter is called by both these names. 

'"Chiefs," m., pp. 391-393. 

- •' Historical Records," IIL, pp. 73-4. '^Ihid, IIL, pp. 74, 75. 

^Ihld, IIL, p. 75. 5 HjI^^ iii^ p_ 7(5, 

'■ " Chiefs," L, p. 153 ; Copy Charter at Castle Grant. 



56 THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 

IV. Grissel, 
daughter by first marriage, married Patrick Grant, 
younger of Ballindalloch.^ 

She died before 1576. 

Eraser seems wrong in giving in the text 30th 
November, 1565, as the date of the contract, as on 
25th July, 1586, we have a summons by John 
Grant, fifth of Freuchie, against Patrick Grant, 
now of Balhndalloch, for registering a Contract of 
Marriage, dated 17th March, 1558, between him 
and Grissel Grant." 

v. Margaret, 
by first marriage. She married (Contract dated 
20th February, 1560) Alexander Gordon, son and 
apparent heir of George Gordon of Beldornie.^ 

VI. Katherine, 

by first marriage, named after Margaret in a 
document dated 1559. No further trace of her 
has been discovered. She probably died before 
20th January, 1561.* 

VII. Marjory, 

by first marriage, named after Margaret in a 
document quoted as of date 20th January, 1561, 
but no further information regarding her has been 
ascertained.' 

VIII. Barbara, 

daughter by first marriage, named after Marjory 
on 20th January, 1561, contracted in marriage on 
16th November, 1568, to Robert Munro, younger of 

' " Chiefs," I., p. 154 ; See also III., pp. 397, 398, and R.M.S., 7th March,. 

1565-6. 

- " Chiefs," III., pp. 397, 398. 

•' Ibid., I., p. 154 ; Receipt for Dowry at Castle Grant. 

•» " Chiefs," I., p. 1 54. ^ y^j^;^ i_^ p^ 154 



THE EARLS OF SE AFIELD 57 

Foulis.^ This arrano-ement may not have been com- 
pleted, as in April 18th, 1572, she was contracted 
to and married Colin Mackenzie of Kintail, and had 
issue." The original contract had been dated 26th 
July, 1570, and on the day following Colin Mac- 
kenzie gave his bond ni manrent in favour of the 
Laird of Freuchie, specially obliging him to defend 
the Laird against the Clan Ranald. The contract 
of April 18th, 1572, ratified the contract of 1570, 
with this addition, that, if Colin Mackenzie re- 
pudiated Barbara Grant, the Laird of Freuchie, her 
father should again have access to the lands of 
Lochbroom.^ Colin Mackenzie also bound himself 
to act against Lachlan Mackintosh of Dunachton, 
and all others, the King and the Earl of Ross 
excepted ; the Laird of Freuchie on his part 
excepting the Earl of Huntly. 

Eight days afterwards, at Ballachastell, on 26th 
April, two more contracts were signed by the 
parties, the first relating to the rents of Lochbroom 
and an arranp-ement to be made with Ano-us Mac- 
donald of Glengarry as to the lands of Auchindrone. 
The second contract is a solemn renewal by both 
parties, under "pane off perjure and difiamatioun," 
of their former bond of mutual manrent and service. 
Special clauses were inserted that Colin should 
assist Grant against Mackintosh, and that Grant 
should aid Colin against invasion by Hugh, Lord 
Eraser of Lovat. 

' -'Chief.s," I., pp. 143, 154 ; III., pp. 133, 134. 

■^Ibid, ill., pp. 149, 102 ; R. M. S., 18th May and 10th July, 1574. 

3 "Chiefs," III., pp. 142, 143 ; See also "Chiefs," III., pp. 388-390; 

see supra. 



58 THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 

IX. Helen, 

daughter by first marriage. Contracted in marriage 
at Elgin on 17th November, 1571, to Donald Mac- 
Angus Yic Alestir, younger of Glengarry.^ 

This marriage was probably a handfasting in 
accordance Avith Celtic custom. The contract was 
evidently an endeavour by John Grant of Freuchie 
to make the marriage a legal one, as by it Angus 
MacAlestir of Glengarry binds himself to cause 
Donald MacAngus, his son and apparent heir, to 
solemnize and complete the bond of matrimony in 
face of holy kirk with Helen Grant, lawful daughter 
of the said John Grant of Freuchie, betwixt the 
date above-named and the feast of St John the 
Baptist, called Midsummer next immediately there- 
after, and to infeft Donald and Helen Grant in 
certain lands. 

In return for the restoration of the Glengarry 
lands, the bridegroom's father obliged himself to 
deliver to the Laird of Freuchie "ane sufficient bond 
of manrent quhilk may justly stand by the law of 
this realme,"^ and by which Glengarry and his 
successors and kindred would be bound to serve 
Grant and his heirs in their quarrels, and especially 
to protect the lands and inhabitants of Urquhart 
and Glenmoriston, and also to hinder all thefts of 
cattle from Strathspey. 

Alexander MacKenzie states that Donald Mac- 
Angus refused to marry Helen Grant, but his 
reasons for this statement are very much confused, 
and the confirmation, of 8th July, 1574, of the 

' "Chief.s," L, pp. 143, 154 ; III., pp. 143-149 ; see ^upra. 
- " See tlie Article on Lord Macdonell and Aros in " Scots Peerage," V., 

.')61-562. 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 59 

Charter of 18th November, 1571, and the Crown 
Charter of 19th Jiil3% 1574, to Donald MacAngus, 
throw considerable doubt on this story. ^ Mac- 
Kenzie also states that he had a natural son 
Angus, or Aonghas Mac Dhomnuill mhic AoDghas, 
by Helen Grant, Freuchie's daughter (with whom he 
cohabited at Strome), who was legitimated by the 
following Precept, and that had he lived he would 
proi)ably have succeeded to Glengarry: — "Preceptum 
legittmiationis Ayigusij McDonald Vc Angusij hcm- 
tardijilij naturalis Donaldi McAngus dc Glengarrie, 
Reliqua in coniuni forma. Apud Halierudhous 
decimie qiiinte die mensis Aprilis anno dni md- 
lesimo quingentisimo octuagesimo quarto. Per 
Signitum."'^ That Helen Grant resided with Donald 
in his castle of Strome as his wife, and was evidently 
regarded as such, appears from a complaint made to 
the Privy Council in 1602 (Letterfearn MS.), that 

he lived in habitual and constant adultery with the 

.J 

Captain of Clanranald's daughter, and had put 
iiway the Laird of Grant's daughter, his married 
wife. 

We find that this Angus entered into a contract 
of marriage, 24th April, 1590, with Margaret, 
daughter of Lachlan " Mor," sixteenth Chief of 
Mackintosh.^ This contract was, with the consent 
of the respective fathers, who " have in view herein 
the strengthening of the friendship betw^een the two 
houses, and it provides that the marriage is to take 
place when Angus attains his fifteenth yeai-. In 

^ " History of the Macclonakl.s and Lords of the Isles," pp. 307, 308, 330, 
332 ; see also " Clan Donald " (1904), IIL, p. 310 ; see ]{. M. S. 

■-'"Reg. Privy Seal," L., foHo 119. 
^"The Mackintoshes and Clan Chattan," p. 19"2 and footnote. 



60 THE EARLS OF SE AFIELD 

this contract of marriage he is described as son and 
apparent heir. He was killed at Kyleakin, in Skye, 
by the Mackenzies, before l7th March, 1607, when 
he is referred to as deceased and also as a bastard/ 
Donald married subsequently Margaret, daughter 
of Allan Macdonald of Moydart, Captain of Clan- 
ranald, and 2:rand-daua:hter of the famous John 

' O c!> 

Moydartach, and had issue. 

His last w^ife was Katherine, a daughter of 
Lachlan, sixteenth Chief of Mackintosh.'^ 

John Grant of Freuchie seems also to have had a 
natural son John, who is mentioned "P.C. Register," 
Xn., 244, 245, as a natural brother of Patrick Grant 
of Rothiemurchus. He and one John McAllaster 
were fined, the first £40, the second £20, by the 
Privy Council, on 30th March, 1620, for shooting 
deer. 

XL DUNCAN GRANT, Younger of Freuchie, 

predeceased his father. 

To improve the position of the young Laird in 
the country, and to enable him to assist his father 
in the management of his extensive territories, and 
also probably as a provision on his marriage, John 
Grant of Freuchie, in or about the year 1565, pro- 
vided liis son Duncan with the lands of Abernethy.^ 
In 1563 and 1564 the receipts for the rent of 
Abernethy are in name of John Grant, fourth of 
Freuchie, but the rent for Whitsunday and Martin- 
mas, 1566, is paid by Duncan Grant, younger of 
Freuchie, to the Earl of Moray, showing that he 
had entered into possession of the lands before that 

1 R. M. S., 17th March, 1607. 
' " The Mackmtoshes and Clan Chattan," p. 192. •' " Chiefs," I., p. 155. 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 61 

date.^ Duncan Grant obtained a fifteen years' lease 
from the Earl of Atholl of the Mains of Clawalg 
(Clava), Drumcroy, and Drumtaynwall, lying in the 
Parish of Croy, 20th March, 1575.'' 

On 22nd June, 1577, Robert Douglas, Earl of 
Buchan, as donator of the ward of George, Earl of 
Huntly, gave to his " veil belovit friend," Duncan 
Grant, apparent of Freuchie, a lease of the Earl 
of Huntly's lands of Candilhnoir and Culquheich, 
lying in the Lordship of Strathavon and Sheriffdom 
of Banff, with power of bailziery over the lands 
rented.^ The yearly rental to be paid during the 
lease, or during the ward or non-entry of the Earl 
of Huntly, was £17 15s 4d in full of all dues 
from the lands. 

About this time also Duncan Grant acquired the 
lands of Ardneidlie, Corsairtly, and Cowperhill, in 
the Parish of Keith. ^ They formed part of the 
possessions of the Earls of Huntly, but had been 
disponed to the family of Baillie, and sub-feued by 
them to the Meldrums of Eden. William Baillie of 
Ardneidlie disponed the lands on 3rd April, 1578, 
to Duncan Grant, who came to an arrangement with 
John Meldrum, then designed portioner of the Ord, 
on 28th August, 1579.'' On the same day as this 
arrangement was made for their alienation,'" there 
was also subscribed at Banff a curious document by 

^ Original Discharges at Castle Grant. 
-"Chiefs,'" I., p. 156 ; Original Lease, dated 20th Marcli, 1575, at Castle 

Grant. 

^Original Lease, 22nd June, 1577. ^ " Chiefs," I., p. 150. 

■5R. M. S., 22nd December, 15S1 (The lands are here called the Hauchis 

de Killeismond). 

""Chiefs," IIL, p. 286. 



62 THE EiiRLS OF SEAFIELD 

Meldrum, in which he says he had been informed 
" be sinister report and informatioun," that John 
Grant of Freuchie and Duncan Grant, his son and 
apparent heir, were " participant in the spuilzies of 
horse, nolt, and sciieip " from the lands of Ard- 
neidhe and others, about midsummer and September 
respectively, in the year 1578. Meldrum had there- 
fore raised a summons ao^ainst the Grants, which 
had been duly executed, but he now asserted that 
" because it is cleirhe knawin to me sensyne that 
they ar innocent and na way was participant of the 
said spuilzies," he, therefore, not being willing to 
" trowbell thame be the law for the saymn," 
renounces all action against them for all time 
coming. After obtahiing the lands, the young 
Laird issued a warning against Thomas Meldrum 
and others, pretended tenants of the lands of Cor- 
sairtly, Cowperhill, and Ardneidlie, with the mills 
and mill lands, charging them to remove from these 
lands at the next term of Whitsunday, that his own 
tenants might peaceably enter and enjoy them.^ 
Ardneidlie and the other lands remained in the 
possession of the family of Grant until the year 
1700, when they were disponed to Alexander Duff 
of Braco, ancestor of the Duke of Fife." 

By resignation of John Grant, Laird of Corrie- 
mony, of the four-merk lands of Corriemony and 
others into the hands of the Crown, in his favour, 
Duncan Grant, apparent of Freuchie, added these 
lands also to the property. He received a Charter 

1 Original Warning, dated 24tli February, 1579-80, at Castle Grant 
2 "Chiefs," I., p. 157. 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 63^ 

under the Great Seal, 19tli August, 1580, and was 
duly infeft. The Laird of Corriemony reserved his 
own liferent in the lands, and another part of the 
ao'reement secured that the Laird of Freuchie would 
bestow upon him the half town and lands of Cluny, 
in the lordship of Badenoch and shire of Inverness.^ 
Duncan Grant died at Abernethy sometime 
between 19th February, 1581-2, and 1st May, 1582. 
His will, of which only a copy, much mutilated, is 
preserved, was made at Abernethy on the first of 
these dates, and an inventory of his moveable goods 
was made on the 1st May (Beltane) after his 
decease.'^ He seems indeed to have made two wills, 
or a short will and a long codicil, wdiich is dated in 
March, 1581-2. From the fact that on the Armorial 
Stone above referred to the date of his death is 
given as 1581, it seems he must have died before 
the 25th March, 1581-2. In his will he appointed 
his father, the Laird of Freuchie, and his wife, 
Margaret Mackintosh, his executors. His chief 
residence seems to have been Abernethy. He was 
buried at Duthil.^ He married Margaret, daughter 
of William Mackintosh of that ilk, or of Dunachton, 
before 20th February, 1568-9.^ She married, secondly, 
in 1584, as his third wife, Alexander Forbes of 
Pitsligo;^ thirdly, Alexander Gordon of Abergeldie, 
who died in 1601; and fourthly, William Sutherland 

1 "Chiefs," I., p. 157 ; R. M. S., 19th August, 1580 ; see " Exchequer 

Rolls," XXI., p. 127 ; " Chiefs," III., pp. 393, 394. 

'^Ihid., III., pp. 155, 156. '^ Ihid., I., pp. 1,55, 158. 

^ " The Mackintoshes," p. 140 ; " Macfarlane's Gen. Coll.," I., p. 223. 

^ '■ Chiefs," III., p. 285. 



64 THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 

of Duffus.^ Contract dated 21st December, 1604. 
Charter thereon 29th December, 1604.^ 

Of the marriage of Duncan Grant and Margaret 
Mackintosh there was issue five sons and two 
daughters. 

I. John, 

who succeeded his father in Corriemony, and his 
g-randfather as Laird of Freuchie. 

II. James. 

To him his father bequeathed Ardneidhe.^ He was 
more commonly known as James Grant of Logie, 
and was ancestor of the Grants of Moyness, in tiie 
Parish of Auldearn, Nairn. He is also designated 
of Edinville. He was still alive 27th August, 1622, 
but dead before July 8th, 1623.' 

He married Catherine, second daughter of 
William Hose, eleventh of Kilravock, 8th June, 
1602.^ After his decease she married Simon, Lord 
Eraser of Lovat. She died September 19th, 1658, 
at the age of 77. She seems to have had issue by 
her second marriage also.^ 

In the "Wardlaw MS.," where she is called 
Katherine Ross, Lady Moyness, we are told that 
this second marriage took place in 1624.' 

^ Kinrara MS. The marriage with Pitsligo does not appear in the Forbes 
genealogy in " Macfarlane's Collections," but on 8th July, 15S5, a Precept is 
issued under the Privy Seal for the confirmation of a Charter by Alexander 
Forbes of Pitsligo to Margaret Mackintosh, his spouse, in liferent, of Davocli 
Maynach, etc. (" Scots Peerage," article Forbes of Pitsligo, '• Reg. of Deeds," 
cchx., 21st May, 1617, "Reg. Sec. Sig.," Hi., 155). 

-"Scots Peerage," article DufEus ; R. M. S., 25th November, 1608. 

■^ " Chiefs," I., pp. 157, 158. Memorandum or Copy Will at Castle Grant. 

•*See R. M. S., 5th June, 1597, 25th November, 1608, and 20th March, 
1613 ; "Chiefs," III., p. 424 ; " Inquisitiones de Tutela." 

■■' " Macfarlane's Gen. Coll," II., p. 491 ; " Family of Rose of Kilravock," 
II., pp. 84, 289. 

^Mackenzie's "History of the Erasers," p. 159. 

' " Wardlaw MS., Eraser Chronicles," pp. 248, 254 : see also " Macfarlane's 
Gen. Coll.," II., p. 94. 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD (35 

James' son, John Grant of Moyness, parted with 
Logic before 5th August, 1046.^ 

III. Patrick Og of Easter Elchies 
received from his brother John, then Laird of 
Freuchie, a Charter of the lands of Strome," dated 
at Bahachastell, 10th July, 1589, and confirmed at 
Holyrood House, 13th July, 1593.^ He appears 
frequently as a. witness about 1620, under the 
designation of Easter Elchies.* 

In 1622 he was appointed one of a commission 
to deal with Allan Cameron of Lochiel (Allan 
McEanduy of Lochaber).^ 

On the death of his elder brother, Mr James 
Grant of Logie, he was appointed curator and tutor 
to his children, and he and his son James granted a 
bond to Sir John Grant of Freuchie for his relief as 
security to him as curator to them.'' 

He sat on the inquest for the retour of Sir John 
Grant of Mulben, in Lethen, on 19th February, 
1623-4 ; entered into a contract for the marriage 
of his daughter in 1634 ; in which year he was 
appointed a Justice of Peace for Elgin and Forres ; 
and in a document of 1640, relating to the tocher of 
1000 merks which should have been paid on that 
marriage, he is referred to as deceased." He and 

' R. M. S., .5th August, 1646. 

■^ His brother, by a Contract dated 14th June, 1586, had obliged himself to 
infeft Lachlan, Laird of Mackintosh, in these, and in other lands, but the 
contract does not appear to have been carried out. ("Chiefs," L, pp. 162, 
163 ; III., pp. 158-165, 176, Note). 

•'"Chiefs," L, pp. 158, 162 ; IIL, pp. 402, 403. 

■^NoTE. — In an Ante-Nuptial Marriage Contract, of ^Sth December, 160-1, 
he is designated of Camdell. (R. M. S., 25th November, 1608). 

•'"Chiefs," III, p. 220. 

* See " Imquisitiones de Tutela," July 8th, 1623. 

^ " Reg. Privy Council," Second Series, V., p, 387. 

5 



66 THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 

his son, James Grant, fiar of Elchies, are both 
referred to as deceased in another document, dated 
8th August, 1640. He married Margaret, daughter 
of Sir Robert Innes of Balvenie. 

He was the ancestor of the second family of 
Grants of Easter Elchies, to which family belonged 
Patrick Grant of Easter Elchies, Lord Elchies, 
whose son, John Grant of Easter Elchies, Baron of 
Exchequer, by a Disposition, of 9th December, 1758, 
recorded the 13th of the same month, sold all his 
lands of Easter Elchies, Rothes, Edinville, and 
Keithock, to James, fifth Earl of Findlater and 
Seafield/ 

IV. Robert Grant of Lurg, 
ancestor of the Grants of Luro'. 

On 19th May, 1613, he was fined, along with 
other members of his clan, for the reset of the 
Macgregor outlaws."' 

In 1620 he obtained from his brother, John 
Grant of Freuchie, a lease of the lands of Clachaig 
to him and his spouse. In 1628 he was appointed 
by Sir John Grant of Freuchie, his nephew, bailie of 
the Grant Baronies, and joint chamberlain of his 
estates, and held these offices till his death in 1634. 
(He was alive on 21st June, 1634).^ 

He married before 1620 Catherine, daughter of 
Stewart of Kilcoay (Calcowy), who survived him, 
and was alive in 1662, and left issue. On 21st 
December, 1604, he is described as Robert Grant 

1 "Chiefs," I., pp. xxii., Ixxiv., 437 ; II., pp. 269, 270. 

^ 25th February, 1615, is the date of extract discharge bj' Archibald 
Primrose, writer ; " Reg. Privy Council," X., p. 53 ; " Chiefs," III., pp.. 
314-316. 

■■■ Hid, I., p. 225 ; III., p. 446. 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 



67 



of Inverlochy, and put after Duncan Grant de 
Dandeleith.^ 

On 17th March, 1609, in a complaint of Sir 
Thomas Hamilton, King's Advocate, against the 
fifth Laird of Freuchie, his brothers, and others, for 
reset of the Earl of Atholl, Robert's name is also 
put after that of Duncan, so it is very likely that 
Duncan of Dandaleith was the elder of the two.^ 

V. Duncan of Dandaleith, in the Parish of 
Rothes, He appears as a witness to several deeds 
between 1607 and 1616. He died before 24th 
February, 1620, leaving two sons, John and James. 
His eldest son, John, succeeded him in Dandaleith, 
and parted with it before 30th December, 1643.^ 




JAMES STEWART OF NEWTON AS JAMES LORD CHANCELLOR. 



YI. Elizabeth, 
married Alexander Gumming, younger of Altyre. 
Gontract of marriage dated at Altyre, 27th April, 
1594.' 

Vn. A daughter, name unknown, mentioned in 
her father's testament, but no other trace of her 
has been discovered.^ 



^ R. M, S., 2.5th November, 1608. - " P.C. Register," VIII., p. 790. 

'■' " Chiefs," I., p. 158 ; III., p. 236. 

^lOkl., I., p. 158 : III., pp. 403-405. ^ Ibid, 1., p. 158. 



68 THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 

XIT. JOHN GRANT, Fifth of Freuchie, 

grandson of the fourth Laird, and son of Duncan, 
younger of Freuchie. He appears to have been 
born about the year 1568. 

The 27th February, 1582-3, is the date of a 
Precept by King James VI. for infefting John 
Grant, as son and heir of his father, Duncan Grant, 
in the lands of Corriemony.^ 

Upon that Precept infeftment was given in the 
following May.^ 

He succeeded to his grandfather on the death 
of the latter, 2nd June, 1585. On 2nd of October, 
1589, James Grant of Auchernack gave him a 
Charter of Sale of the lands of the two Auch- 
narrows, Downan, and Port. These lands had been 
in 1473 the property of Marjory Lude, "Lady of 
half the barony of Freuchie," who sold them to her 
son, Patrick Grant, called also Patrick Reoch, who 
died in 1508.^ 

His son, Patrick Peoch, died in 1513, and the 
lands were in non-entry for the long term of sixty- 
seven years, up to 1580, when they were apprised 
to James Grant of Auchernack.* 

Thus John Grant became Laird of the two halves 
of the original barony of Freuchie. 

The Crown Charter of Confirmation of this 
Charter also confirms a Charter, dated 26th June, 

1 " Chiefs," I., p. 159 ; HI., p. 156. 

-Instrument, dated 17th May, 1583, at Castle Grant. 

•'"Chiefs," I., p. 160 ; ibid, III., pp. 400, 401 ; R. M. S., 14th February, 
1592-3 ; see supra, and "Chiefs," I., p. 61 ; III., pp. 30, 31, 266, and 
395. 

* Letters dated 21st January, 1581-2 ; Crown Charter of Confirmation, 1st 
May, 1585. 



THE EARLS OF SE AFIELD 69 

1587, for the sale, in accordance with a Contract, of 
the land of Inverallan, Glenbeg, Gaich, Craggan, 
and Dreggie, by Alexander Hay of Easter Kennet, 
the Lord Clerk Register as fiar and William Hay of 
Mayne as life-renter, to John Grant of Freuchie. 
There had long been a dispute about these lands, and 
the fourth Laird had been necrotiatinPf with William 
Hay of Mayne and the Lord Clerk Register about 
their purchase in 1538/ 

He signed three bonds, one along with the 
King in person, John, Master of Forbes, George 
(Abernethy), seventh Lord Saltoun, Ogilvie of 
Findlater, Lachlan Mackintosh of Dunachton, and 
other northern barons, dated at Aberdeen 30th 
April, 1589, in defence of the true religion and His 
Majesty's Government, against the Roman Catholic 
conspiracy, and the Earls of Huntly and Errol in 
particular.*^ 

On the 5th November, 1590, four days after the 
attack by the Earl of Huntly on the house of 
Ballindalloch, the Earls of Atholl and Moray, Simon, 
Lord Lovat, the Laird of Freuchie, John Campbell 
of Calder, Thomas Stewart of Grandtully, Patrick 
Grant of Rothiemurchus, Sutherland of Duffus, and 
Archibald Grant of Ballintomb, at Ballachastell, 
entered into a mutual bond for offence and defence.^ 

A week later, on the 12th November, 1590, 
Lachlan Mackintosh of Dunachton and the Laird of 
Grant entered into a solemn compact at Forres/ 

1 R. M. S., 14th February, 1592-3 ; Original Charter at Castle Grant ; 

" Chiefs," I., p. xxxii. ; IL, p. 36. 

-Ibid., L, pp. 163, 164 ; "P.C. Register," IV., pp. 375-377. 

^See supra, and " Chiefs," I., pp. 165, 166 ; Copy Bond in Monymusk Charter 

Chest, printed in "Spalding Club Miscellany," Vol. IL, p. 93. 

■•"Chiefs," L, p. 167 ; III., pp. 171-176. 



70 THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 

Certain clauses of this bond refer to a mutual 
transfer of lands betwixt the parties, but the article 
of most importance is a stipulation that the Laird 
and Mackintosh shall assist each other against "any 
erle within this realm" who should "wrangouslie" 
invade or trouble them. Each party is bound in the 
strictest manner to assist the other against "ony sic 
erles" upon foi^ty-eight hours' warning, if necessary. 
This Bond was evidently against Huntly. Sir 
John Campbell of Cawdor was a witness to this 
Bond ; he is described as the author of the coalition 
against Huntly.^ At the same place were also met 
the Earls of Atholl and Moray and the Dunbars.' 
On Huntly himself advancing on 22nd November, 
1590, all fled to Darnaway. Thither they were 
followed by Huntly, on whose approach all again 
fled, except Moray. Huntly lost one of his principal 
followers, John Gordon, brother of Sir Thomas 
Gordon of Cluny, who had married, as bis third wife, 
Margaret Gordon, widow of Patrick Grant, third of 
Ballindalloch, and finding that most of his opponents 
had escaped, and that the Castle was well furnished 
to resist a siege, he disbanded his forces on 24th 
November, 1590, 

On the 23rd January, 1590-91, we have a suppli- 
cation by the Earl of Huntly, in the matter of the 
execution of his commission against John Grant, 
sometime tutor of Ballindalloch, and his accomplices.^ 

But Moray, Atholl, Freuchie, and the others had 
already obtained from the Lords of Council and 

1" Chiefs," I., pp. 168, 169. 

2 " History of the Earldom of Sutherland," pp. 215, 216 ; " P. C. Register," 
IV., pp., 569, 570; "Macfarlane's Gen. Coll.," I., pp. 248, 249; supra; 
"Wardlaw MS.," pp. 212, 213. 

a "P. C. Register," IV., pp. 569, 570. 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 71 

Session a Decree in their favour, exempting them 
from the execution of Huntly's commission. Huntly 
was temporarily reconciled with Freuchie and 
Mackintosh on 22nd October, 1591, but the 
atrocious murder of the Bonnie Earl of Moray at 
Donibristle, on the 7th February, 1591-2, by Huntly 
and his adherents, caused the feud to break out 
again with fresh fury.^ 

On the 6th June, 1592, a commission of justiciary 
was directed to the Lord Fraser of Lovat, Lachlan 
Mackintosh, the Laird of Freuchie, and the Lairds 
of Ballindalloch, Bothiemurchus, and Glenmoriston 
to proceed with fire and sword against various 
parties in Lochaber accused of murder, etc.^ 

The Laird of Freuchie joined the Earl of Argyll 
when he was sent north against Huntly and Errol, 
and at the Battle of Glenlivet, in which Huntly and 
Errol were victorious, the Grants were on the left 
wing of Argyll's army, 3rd October, 1594.^ On 
28th April, 1597, Freuchie entered into a mutual 
Bond of Manrent with Donald MacAngus Mac- 
Donald (Domhnull macAonghais mhic Domhnuill) of 
Glengarry, in which, after the usual pledges to keep 
the peace towards each other, and to give mutual 
assistance in case of invasion, the question of the 
ownership of the lands of Kessoryne, Strome, and 
others is discussed/ Finally, John Grant of Freuchie, 
on 19th April, 1600, conveyed the disputed lands to 

1 Decree dated ^Otli January, 1590-91; "Chiefs," III., pp. 176-179, 
180, ISl ; "P. C. Register," IV., p. 725, note ; V., p. 20, note, and pp. 46, 
187, 188, 210. 

-"Chiefs," I., p. 172 ; III., pp. 181-183 ; see supra. 

■* " Chiefs," I., pp. 173, 174 ; "History of the Earldom of Sutherland," ])p. 
227-229 ; " Shaw's Moray," III., pp. 124-126. 

^ " Chiefs," L, p. 176 ; III., pp. 189-192. 



72 THE EARLS OF SE AFIELD 

Macdonald of Glengarry in feu - farm, and they 
solemnly renewed their alliance.^ 

In the year 1602, Mackenzie of Kintail besieged 
the Castle, which soon surrendered, and he caused it 
to be demolished." 

At Inverness, on 1st May, 1606, Kenneth Mac- 
kenzie of Kintail granted a receipt to the Laird of 
Freuchie for the charter of comprising granted on 
4th May, 1548, to James Grant of Freuchie, which, 
with relative papers, was now handed over to Mac- 
kenzie in terms of a Disposition by the Laird to him 
of lands in Kessoryne, Lochalsh, Lochcarron, etc.^ 

On the same day a Bond of Manrent^ was 
executed between the parties, obliging them to refer 
any disputes to the decision of various Grants and 
Macdonalds, mutual friends of the parties. 

On 23rd July, 1606, Allan Cameron of Lochiel 
entered into a bond of mutual assistance and 
defence with Ranuil MacAllan of Lundie and Allan 
MacRanuil, his son, chiefs of the Clan Ranald, and 
kinsmen of Glengarry, by which they were to assist 
and serve Lochiel, at the advice and consent of the 
Laird of Freuchie.^ 



-cWP^—C^^WT^ 




ALLAN CAMERON OK LOCHIEL, 1612. 

1" Chiefs," L, p. 177 ; III., pp. 196, 197. 

- " Gregory's Highlands and Islands," p. 302. 

"Chiefa," I., pp. 177, 178 ; III., pp. 297, 298 ; Cf. R.M.S., 17th March, 

1607-1608. 
■"'Chiefs," III., pp. 201, 202. '' Ihid, I. p. 181 ; III., pp. 303, 304 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 



73 



On ord Septemuer, 1597, the Laiid of Freuchie 
obtaiued from John Stewart, Earl of Atholl, as the 
Earl's '"guid friend," a Bond of maintenance in token 
of the ''dewtie, amitie and friendship" formerly 
existing between the families, and at the same time 
obtained from his wife, Dame Marie Kuthven, 
Countess of Atlioil, with consent of the Earl, a lease 





^^ aMms:^ 



JOHN STEWART, EAEL OF ATHOLL, AND LADY MARY RUTHYEN, HLS COUNTESS. 

of Clawalge (Clava) in Nairnshire and of Kinner- 
mony in Banffshire, for five years^ in continuance of 
his present occujoancy. His wise dealings earned for 
him the title of "John of Fruchy."^ 

^ On 21st March, 1618, there is a Contract between WilHam, Earl of 
Tullibardine, and John Grant of Freuchie, with regard to the lands of 
Clavalgis and also Dalcroy, Urummoir and Drumtennel. Tullibardine for the 
sum of "2000 nierks sells tlie above lands to Freuchie, and obliges himself to 
infeft Freuchie therein. (" Chiefs," III., pp. 421, 422). 

-"Cliiefs," I., p. 179 ; III., pp. 192-194 ; "Shaw's M.H-ay," I., p. 101. 



74 THE EARLS OF SE AFIELD 

On the 13th April, 1609, he obtained a Charter 
from James Earl of Moray of the lands and lord- 
ship of Abernethy, subject to continuing the annual 
payment of £40 Scots. The Charter was confirmed 
by King James VI. on 17th June the same year, 
and the Laird was infeft on 1st August,^ It is to 
be noted that this annual payment is still made to 
the Earl of Moray, 

Thomas Nairn of Cromdale sold the lands and 
barony of Cromdale to the Laird of Freuchie on 
12th May, 1609, and immediately thereafter 
resigned them into the hands of the Crown, for a 
re-grant to tlie Laird.^ 




KING JAMES VI. 



The lands of the two Auch narrows, Downan, 
and Port, with those comprised in the lordship of 
Inverallan, were resigned at the same time by the 
Laird of Freuchie, one procurator appearing for 
both before Alexander, Earl of Dunfermline, Lord 
Chancellor, who, as representing the Privy Council, 
received the resignation.^ Thereupon, on 28th June, 

1" Chiefs," I., pp. Ixxii., Ixxiii., 182; IIL, pp. 406-408; R. M. S., 17th 

June, 1609 ; Old Inventory at Castle Grant. 
'•^"Chiefs/' I., pp. Ixxv. and 182 ; IIL, p. 408 ; Original Procuratory and 

Resignation at Castle Grant. 
■'Original Instrument of Resignation, dated 27th .June, 1609, at Castle 

Grant. 



THE EARLS OF SE AFIELD 75 

1609, King James VI. granted to John Grant of 
Freuchie^ a Charter of all these lands, erecting them 
into one entire and free barony, to be called the 
Barony of Cromdale,^ of which the manor and 
fortalice of Lethindie was appointed the principal 
messuage, and one sasine taken there was to suffice 
for all the lands of the entire barony. The new 
barony was to be held of the Crown in fee for the 
usual services. 

On 27th June, 1609, he had a Charter of 
Novodamus from the King of the lands of Auld- 
cash, originally bought in 1512 by John Grant, 
second of Freuchie.^ 

On the 24th March, 1612, at Edinburgh, the 
Laird of Freuchie, in a Contract between him and 
Alexander Gordon of Strafchown or Strathavon, 
gave up any claim he had to the lands of Drumniin, 
Fodderletter, Inverouries, and others, and the forest 
of Glenavon.^ 

He received numerous bonds of manrent from 
members of his clan, and entered into various con- 
tracts with neighbouring barons, such as the Earl of 
Atholl, Lords Lovat and Forbes, Alexander Dunbar 
of Westtield, Kenneth Mackenzie of Kintail, John 
Leslie of Kininvie, Patrick Grant of Carron, and 
Patrick Grant of Ballindalloch.^ 

In 1613 he took part against the MacGregors, 
and apprehended Allister MacAllister MacGregor, 

1" Chiefs," IIL, pp. 408-410 ; R. M. S., 28th June, 1609. 

" Thiee days earUer we liave Letters of PubHcation of the Burgh of 

Barony of Cromdale. " Chiefs," IIL, pp. 298-300. 

■' R. M. S., 27th June, 1609. 

-• "Chiefs," L, p. 183 ; IIL, pp. 419, 420. 

s ihid, I., p. 179 ; III., pp. 193-20.'), 209, 210 ; Original Bond by Patrit-k 

Grantjof BaUindalloch, dated 22nd November, 1612, at Castle Grant. 



76 THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 

one of " the specialles " of the clan, who is described 
as that " notorious and rebellious Hieland man," 
and the same year he and his clan received a 
remission for all offences, including the reset and 
the intercommnninp; with the Clan Gresror/ Allister 
died in the Laird of Grant's custody. In spite of 
this he had to pay, for himself and various members 
of his clan, the sum of 16,000 merks, as a composi- 
tion of all the sums in which they were mulcted by 




COLIN MACKENZIE, LORD KINTAIL. 



decree of the Privy Council.^ There is in the Grant 
Papers an Extract Acquittal, dated 25th February, 
1615, for 16,000 merks. His original fine had been 
40,000 merks, and althouofh sometimes forced to act 
against the MacGregors under Government pressure, 
he seems to have done what he could to befriend 
that unfortunate clan. As we see from a discharge, 
of 7th May, 1624, to his son and successor, this 
Laird was cautioner for Grant of Kothiemurchus, 
who had been fined, in July, 1613, 2000 merks.^ 

On 31st July, 1616, John Grant of Freuchie was 
granted by the King a Charter of the lands of 

1 " Chiefs," I., p. 187 ; III., pp. 214, 215 ; See " P.C. Register," X., pp. xx., 
xxii., xxiii., xxvi., xxviii., 53, 71, 133, 1.52, 364, 810, 816, 820, 821 ; XIV., pp. 
63L 646. 

- " Chiets," I., p. 189 ; Extract Submission and Decreet, dated at Edin- 
burgh, 27th August, 1614, and February 3rd, 1615, at Castle Grant ; 
" Chiefs," III., pp. 314-316, 417, 418 ; " P.C. Register," X., p. 143 ; XIV., p. 646. 

■ -'Chiefs," I., ]). 189 ; III., pp. 435, 436. 



THE EARLS OF SE AFIELD 77 

Corrieniony, which John Og Grant of Corriemony 
had resigned.^ On 17th May, 1613, he gave a 
Charter of feu-farm to Hector Mackintosh, son and 
heir of Alexander MacEachan Mackintosh of Wester 
Largs, of the half davoch of the lands of Eichter- 
urquhill (Easter Urquhill), with its shootings and 
pastures, in the Barony of Clavalg." 

On 20th March, 1613, he had given in feu-farm 
to Alexander Ross, in Auchnabechin, the town and 
lands of Drummoir, with its shootino-s and irrazino-s 
in the same Barony, and on 11th May, 1613, he 
gave in feu-farm the town and lands of Clavalg 
(and Delroy), with its sheilings, grazings, and 
fishings, to Donald MacAngus MacPherson, in 
Clavalg.^ 

On 26th May, 1620, he and his son, Sir John 
Grant of Mulben, were appointed deputy commis- 
sioners against the gipsies. On 30th May, 1620, he 
sold to Alexander Boss of Cantray the towns and 
lands of Cantraydoun, Delligramiche and Drum- 
tennel, with the sheilings, grazings, holdings, etc., 
also the superiority of Clavalg, Deli'oy, Drummoir, 
and Easter Urquhill, and the feu-farms thereof* 

We find on the 13th April, 1598, a Charter of 
Sale to John Grant of Freuchie by Sir Walter 
Ogilvie of Findlater, knight, of the towns and lands 
of Nether Kinmenitie, Over and Nether Tarmore, 
Over and Nether Killeismond, and the Hauch, and 
the Craigscroft, to be held of the Crown in feu- 

' R. M. S., :nst July, 1616. - It. .M. S., 16th July, 1614. 

•' R. M. S., 23rd July, 1614. 

-"'Chiefs," I., p. 192 ; III., p. 216 ; see also "P. C. Register," XII., p. :^,1:]. 

and infra ; R. M. S., 20th June, 1620. 



78 THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 

farm. Sasine was given the same day by the 
Laird's brother, Mr James Grant, of Ardneidlie, 
bailie.^ 

On 19th July, 1598, William Young, fiar of Over 
Kinmenitie, granted John Grant of Freuchie the 
lands of Over Kinmenitie, to be held blench of the 
granter, and of the King in feu-farm.^ On 12th 
January, 1621, Grant of Freuchie arrano:ed to pay 
off a number of the debts of his son-in-law. Sir 
Lachlan Mackintosh, in consideration of receiving a 
wadset of the Lochaber and Brae Lochaber lands, 
including Glenloy, Locharkaig, Glenshean, and 
Glenroy, redeemable for 18,000 merks. He also had 
a wadset of some of the Moy lands for 5000 merks.^ 
In 1620, Lachlan Mackintosh of Strone was infeft 
in the lands of Laggan, near Grantown, on asseda- 
tion by John Grant of Freuchie/ 

"John of Freuchie" died Friday, 20th September, 
1622, and his remains were interred in the family 
burial-place at the chun^h of Duthil, where twenty- 
one years afterwards his widow desired to be laid 
beside him.^ He is the Laird who started the 
system of wadsetting portions of the Grant Estates.*^ 
He married Lady Lilias Murray, second daughter of 
Sir John Murray of Tullibardine, knight, who, in 
1606, was created Earl of Tullibardine, and his wife, 
Catherine Drummond, daughter of David, Lord 

1 " Laing's Charters," Nos. 1343-1345. 

•^Ihid, 1357, 1358. 

3 "The Mackmtoshes," pp. 212, 243 ; R. M. S., 6th February, 1621 ; see 
also " Chiefs," III., pp. 423, 424. 

^/6td, III., p. 393. 

5 " Chiefs," I., p. 192 ; III., pp. 221, 236. 

8/6iVZ., I., p. 209; III., pp. 293-296; see Contract of Wadset between 
John Gr^nt of Freuchie and Patrick Grant in Tulloch over the lands of 
Wester Tulloch, 3rd November, 1593. 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 



79 



Drummond/ The Marriage Contract of Lilia& 
Murray and the Laird of Freuchie is dated at Gask 
on 15th April, 1591, and King James the Sixth and 
his Queen are said to have honoured the marriage 
with their presence.^ Her husband purchased the 




/^l:3-5^^^^^^p^^vj.if/^z 




JOHN GRANT, 5tH OF FREUCHIE 




H}2dt 




LADY LILIAS MURRAY. 

barony of Lethen, and bestowed it on her in conjunct 
fee, apparently 26th February, 1606.' She survived 
her husband for tM-enty-one years, dying at the^end 

1 "Cliiefs," I., 13. 192, an:l •' Scots Peerage," titles AthoU and Perth. 

-Ibid, III., pp. 401, 402 ; Shaw's "Moray," I., p. 102. 

="' Chiefs," I., p. 210 ; III., pp. 221-223 ; Cf. pp. 437-439, and K. M. S., 12th 

July, 1634. 



80 THE EARLS OF SE AFIELD 

of 1643 or the beginning of tlie following year. 
Her testament and later will is dated on 30th 
December, 1643, at Ballachastell. She was greatly 
respected, and she seems to have had much force of 
character. Taylor, the Water Poet, visited her and 
her hnsband at Castle Grant, and was very much 
struck with her charms and attainments.^ From a 
list given in her own hand we see she had a good 
library, and poems in her handwriting show her 
poetical tastes.'^ 

By this marriage there was issue one son and 
four daughters, who all survived their iather.'^ The 
son was 

I. John Grant, 

born on 17th August, 1596.^ He w^as knighted by 
King James VL, and was during his father's life- 
time known as Sir John Grant of Mulben. 
The daughters were 

II. ANNiVS or Agnes, 

born about Michaelmas, 1594. She married 
Lachlan, afterwards Sir Lachlan Mackintosh of 
Dunachton, 17th Laird of Mackintosh, then a 
minor.^ • The Marriage Contract is dated at Ballach- 
astell, 16th August, 1611,'' the amount of dowry to 
be paid by the Laird of Freuchie being 10,000 
merks.'^ Lady Mackintosh had issue by her hus- 

^"Chiefw," I., pp. XLIX., 19-2-194 ; Works of John Taylor, the Water Poet, 

edited by Charles Ilendley, 1872, p. 55. 

2 " Chiefs," II., p. 54. ^ Ibid, III., p. 221. 

* See infra, 

5 " Chiefs," I., pp. 195, 196 ; III., p. 221 ; •' Pitcairn's Criminal Trials," 

in., p. 14n. 

^Thei'e seems to have been another and a later Contract at Auldearn, 21.st 

November, 1611 ("The Mackintoshes," p. 212). 

'' " Chiefs," III., p. 410 ; see also " Macfarlane's Gen. Coll," I., p. 275 ; 

see also " Act. Pari.," VII., p. 296. 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 81 

band, whom she survived. He died on the 22n(l 
June, 1 622, in his twenty-ninth year.^ 

She married, secondly, Lachlan Mackintosh, 
younger of Borlum. Her husband's name, how- 
ever, is given as Wilham in her will. If this 
is not a mere clerical error, it is possible that 
she may have married, as his second wife, her first 
husband's uncle and former tutor, Wilham Mac- 
kintosh, founder of the Borlum brancli. Her will 
is dated 9th October, 1624, and she probably died 
soon after." 

in. Jean or Janet, 
born about Michaelmas, 1597. 

On 19th September, 1612. at Duflfus, she was 
contracted in marriage to William Sutherland, 
younger of Duffus, the tocher being 9,500 merks.^ 
Her husband, the Laird of Duffus, died 21st 
October, 1626, leaving issue by her. She married, 
secondly, Thomas Mackenzie of Piuscarden. 




THOMAS MACKK.NZIE OF PLUSCARDEN. 

lY. Lilt AS, 
born in 1599. 

She married, after 1622 and before 9th October, 
1624, Sir Walter Innes of Balveny, and had issue. 
She was still alive 30th December, 1643.'' 

1 "The Mackintoshes," p. 210 ;^ " Macf.irlane," I., p. 287. 

- " Chiefs," IIL, p. 337 ; '• The Mackintoshes," I., pp. 212, ;i78 ; 

" Mackintosh Writs." 

^ " Chiefs," L, p. 196 ; III., pp. 221, 337, 411, 412 ; see also " P.C. Register," 

Second Series, I., p. 449 ; and " Scots Peerage," III., p. 206, article Duft'us. 

-■ " Chiefs," 1., p. 196 ; II., pp. 53, 54 ; III., pp. 221, 236, 237. 

6 



82 THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 

V. Katherine, 
born in 1604/ 

She married, after 9th October, 1624, Alexander 
Ogilvie of Kempcairn, who was second son of Walter, 
son of the first Lord Ogilvie of Deskford. He was 
nominated by his nephew James, seventh of Freucbie, 
as one of the tutors and administrators of his children." 

The Laird had also a natural son, 

Duncan Grant, 
designed of Clurie, who was legitimated 18th 
February, 1615.^ 

He married (Contract dated 4th July, 1615) 
Muriel Ross, daughter of George Koss of Balna- 
gowan, relict of Duncan Grant of Rothiemurchus,. 
and was ancestor of the Grants of Clurie.^ 

He was still alive 9th March, 1647.' 

XIIL SIR JOHN GRANT, Sixth of Freuchte, 
Knight. He was born on IZtli August, 1596.^^ 
Before he had attained his eighteenth year he was 
contracted in marriage to Mary Ogilvie, daughter 
of Sir Walter Ogilvie of Findlater, Knight, after- 
wards first Lord Ogilvie of Deskford.^ By this 
Contract, made at Elgin on 11th December, 1613, 
the Laird of Freucbie, elder, agreed to infeft his 
young son and his future wife in the lands of 
Mulben, Muldares, Forgie, Auldcash, Bridgeton of 
Spey, and neighbouring lands, with others in 
Strathisla, the whole guaranteed to be worth forty 

1" Chiefs," I., p. 196 ; III., pp. 221, 237 ; "Scots Peerage," IV., p. 27, 

article Findlater. 

2 See R. M. S., 26th March, 1622 ; and " Chiefs," I., p. 289 ; II., pp. 86, 87 ; 

III., pp. 349, 352,353. 

'^ Ibid., I., pp. 190, 196 ; R. M. S., 18th February, 1615. 

■»" Chiefs," III., pp. 418, 419, and supra. 

5 "Chiefs," III., p. 4.59. "^ Ibid., I., p. 197 ; III., p. 221. 

'Ibid., I., pp. 197, 198 ; III., pp. 413, 415 ; see "Scots Peerage," IV., p. 

27, article Findlater. 



THE EAKLS OF SEAFIELD 



83 




84 THE EAKLS OF SEA FIELD 

chalders of victual yearly, with other casualties. 
The entry to the lands was given at the term of 
Whitsunday following, and the marriage was pro- 
bably celebrated about that time. On 31st July, 
1616, on the resignation of his father, he and his 
wife had a Royal Charter erecting the lands of 
Mulben with its castle, " Mekle Ballinbreiche." with 
fishings, etc., the lands of Cardeny, Auldcash, and 
Forgie, into the free barony of Mulben.^ He was 
knighted by King James VI., probably when he 
visited Scotland in 1617. On 10th May, 1617, the 
young Laird of Freuchie, as such, granted a Bond 
for four hundred merks to John Abernethy, while 
on 19th August, 1618, he signed an Agreement with 
James, Lord Stewart of Ochiltree, for the purchase 
from him of the lands of Auchindaren, in Strathisla, 
as Sir John Grant of Mulben, thus clearly shewing 
that the knighthood was conferred sometime 
between these dates. ^ 

On 26th May, 1620, he was conjoined with his 
father in the commission against gipsies.^ 

He succeeded his father, 20th September, 1622.'* 
Among other infeftments he was infeft in the lands 
of Muldaries on a Precept from John, Earl of 
Rothes, also in the baronies of Ballindalloch, Lethen, 
Corriemony, and the lands of Glenloy, Locharkaig, 
Glenspean and Glenroy^ in Lochaber, and the office 

1 R. M. S., 31st July, 1616. 

^ " Chiefs," I., p. 198 ; Original Bond at Castle Grant; Original Contract 
ibid. 

3 "Chiefs," I., p. 192 ; III., p-p. 216, 217, and .mpra. 

*" Chiefs," L,p. 203. 

® He assigned the wadset of these lands, Glenloy and Locharkaig, obtained 
by his father, to John Cameron, j'ounger of Lochiel, in 1635, for on 21st 
September, 1623, he had bound liimself to lease Glenloy and Locharkaig to 
Allan Cameron of Lochiel and John, his son. He is described as acting on 
behalf of William Mackintosh of Torchastell. The rent was to be 1200 merks 
On obtaining majority, Mackintosh would have the right of redemption within 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 85 

of bailie and Stewart of Lochaber, and Sasine was 
taken in May.^ 

On February 19tb, 1623, he was retoured heir to 
his father in the lands of Lethen."^ On 26th March, 
1623, he entered into a Contract with James Moray, 
master mason, for the repair of the Castle of 
Urquhart." 

On 24th December, 1622,^ Sir John negotiated 
a Contract with Alexander, Lord Spynie, for the 
purchase fi^om the latter of the patronages of the 
Churches pertaining to the chancellary and sub- 
chantry of Moray, situated in and around Strath- 
spey, and also in Urquhart/ Apparently for the 
purpose of giving these patronages a heritable form, 
they were attached to the 40s land of new extent of 
Easter Bunload in Urquhart. These lands were 
accordingly resigned by Sir John Grant, and the 
patronages were resigned by Lord Spynie for a 
re-grant of the lands and patronages to the Laird 
and his heirs male in terms of the Contract, A 
Charter thereof was duly obtained from King James 
VL on 12th February, 1624, and Sasine was taken 
by the Laird the same year.*^ 

a specitied period. The woods were reserved to the Laird of Freuchie, but 
Lochiel would have a tenth of the price, — Freuchie to get remissions for the 
Camerons for all offences. ("Mackintoshes," I., pp. 225, 243; "Chiefs," I., 
pp. 215, 216 ; IIL, pp. 431-435). 

^ Original Precept dated 6th Dec, 1622 ; Original Precepts dated 6th 
Apr., 1623, at Castle Grant ; Original Instruments of Sasine, ibid. 

-"Retours Nairn." 

•'■ " Urquhart and Glenriioriston," p. 143. 

^ Three days jireviously, i.e., the 21st, he had given a Bond to Colin Mac- 
kenzie, Lord Kintail, obliging himself to lease him the forest of Clunie and 
Glenloyne. (" Cliiefs," IIL, pp. 427, 428). 

5 •' Chiefs," I., p. 205 ; IIL, pp. 428-431. 

''Original Procuratory of Resignation dated 30th July, 1623, at Castle 
Grant ; R. M. S., 12th February, 1624 ; Copy Instrument of Sasine dated 
25th August, 1624, at Castle Grant. 



86 THE EARLS OF SE AFIELD 

« 

In the Church lands of Rothiemurchus and others 
the Laird was infeft in 1624, but a year later he 
resigned them into the hands of John, Bishop of 
Moray, and received a Charter of re-grant, which 
was confirmed in a Charter under the Great Seal by 
King Charles I.^ 




KING CHARLES I. 



On 20th February, 1627, Sir John Grant sum- 
moned John Grant, fiar (and younger) of Ballin- 
dalloch before the Lords of Council and Session, 
and produced a Contract of 23rd November, 1613, 
between Patrick Grant of Ballindalloch and Sir 
John, which obliged the former, among other things, 
to cause the heirs of George Grant in Inverernan 
and John Grant in Foyness (Ballindalloch's uncles) 
to renounce their claims on the Barony, and also to 
renounce any claim he might have himself thereon ; 
and obtained an Order for its registration, with 
execution to follow thereon.^ 

A new Contract was made between the Laird of 
Freuchie and John Grant, younger of Ballindalloch, 
as a result of which Sir John Grant obtained infeft- 
ment in the Barony of Card ells, but he had 

^Original Instrument of Sasine dated 24th May, 1624, at Castle Grant ; 
Original Procuratory of Resignation dated I7tli May, 1625, ihid ; R. M. S., 
26th July, 1625 ; " Chiefs," L, p. 204. 

2 "Chiefs," L, pp. 207, 208 ; Bond dated 23rd November, 1613, in Extract 
Decree of 20th February, 1627, at Castle Grant ; see supra. 



THE EARLS OF SE AFIELD 87 

previously to pay the sum of two thousand six 
hundred merks, which was due by young Ballin- 
dalloch in respect of the lands, to the Preceptor of 
Maison Dieu, and the Provost, Bailies and Council 
of Elgin. ^ At the same time the Lairds of Ballin- 
dalloch were obliged to renew their Bonds of 
Manrent, on every occasion of entry to their lands 
held of him as superior.' Sir John continued his 
father's practice of wadsetting portions of the 
estates, including the Barony of Lethen in 1626.^ 

Sir John Grant twice exchanged the jointure 
lands of his wife, first on 27th October, 1627, for 
the lands of Lethen and others, and afterwards on 
the 21st June, 1634, when Lethen was sold, for 
lands in the lordship of Urquhart and others.* 

On 14th March, 1634, Sir John Grant sold 
Lethen, and some adjacent lands, to Alexander 
Brodie of East Grange, for one hundred and five 
thousand merks.^ To enable the sale to be effective, 
his mother, Lady LiHas, or Lady Lethen as she was 
then styled, renounced her right to the lands, and 
in return Sir John Grant secured to her rents 
in Duthil of the value of three thousand merks 
annually, and she took up her residence at Balla- 
€hastell.'' 

On 28th August, 1630, he entered into a Con- 
tract, by which he sold the pine woods of Abernethy, 
Kincardine and Glencarnie. to Captain John Mason, 

^ "Chiefs," III., jip. 440, 441 ; Instrument of Sasine dated 12th November, 

1629, at Castle Grant ; Original Discharge, dated 13th November, 1629, ibid. 

-Extract Decree, 19th March, 1628. 

^ " Chiefs," I., pp. 209, 210. 

^Ibid. III., lip. 437-440, 444-446 ; R. M. S., 7th March, 162S. 

■"'Original Contract at Castle Grant ; see R. M. S., 12th July, 1634. 

* Original Contracts, dated 19th March, 1634, and 21st December, 1635, at 

Castle Grant. 



88 THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 

on behalf of tlie Earl of Tullibardine, for the space of 
41 years. He repaiiecl and improved the interior of 
Ballachastell.^ He was tutor of Mackintosh during- 
the minority of William Mackintosh." 

On 6th October, 1622, Sir John Grant had 
entered into an Agreement with Allan MacRenalt 
(MacRanald), apparent of Lundie, who sold to Sir 
John all the woods and growing trees on certain of 
his lands in Morar.^ 

On the 7th December, 1622, Sir John procured 
in his favour the gift of the escheat of Allan of 
Lundie (Ailean dubh MacRaonuill), who had been 
forfeited on the 28th June, 1622, for the Raid of 
"Cilliechriost."^ A decree of declarator was obtained 
29th July, 1623, affirming Sir John's right to the 
escheat, but apparently with little effect.^ Lundie, 
on 29th August, 1626, granted a Bond of Manrent 
to Sir John, in which he declared that the Lairds of 
Frenchie had been the placers and maintainers of 
him and his predecessors in their lands, and had 
also defended them in their lawful affairs heretofore. 
Sir John afterwards granted an Assignation of the 
escheat, leaving the assignee's name blank, but a 
subsequent letter by Alexander Baillie of Dunean to 
a Law Agent in Edinburgh shows it to have been 
made in his favour. These later proceedings were 
occasioned by a second forfeiture incurred by Allan 
MacKanald, when Donald Bane (Domhnull Ban), 
Laird of Glengarry, purchased tlie escheat, though 
that acquired by the Laird of Grant had not yet 

^ " Chiefs," I., p. 211 ; III., pp. 442, 443. - I., pp. 216, 217. 

"' " Chiefs," I., p. 220 ; III., pp. 424-426. 

*Ihid., I., pp. 221, 222 ; III., pp. 426, 427. 

•^ Original Extract Decree at Castle Grant ; " Chiefs," III., pp. 224, 225. 



THE EARLS OF SEA FIELD 89 

been discharged.^ Baillie and Grant were really 
acting in Allan's behalf. Sir John received various 
commissions against rebels, and on 18th June, 1622, 
had been joined with his father in a Commission 
against Cameron of Locheil." 




DONALD M DONALD OF GLENGARRY. 



On 4th January, 1636, he procured Certificates 
to the Privy Council from the Ministers of Crom- 
dale, Duthil, and Abernethy, of his endeavour to 
carry out the desires of the Council with regard 
to rebels, and sent them to Edinburgh for their 
information.^ Among these rebels were the noted 
outlaws, James Grant of Carron (Sheumas an Tuim), 
Alexander or Allaster Grant, in Tulloch, and 
Gilderoy. 

The Council, however, were evidently suspicious 
of his real desire to put down the lawlessness which 
was then prevalent in his district. He came to 
Edinburgh reluctantly, and probably under pressure 
from the Council, about March, 1637, and was there 
placed in ward on the charge of not pursuing the 
Clan Gregor, but, apparently on account of the 
state of his health, was set at liberty, but, we are 
told, died the same day in his own lodging.^ 

1" Chiefs," I., p. 233; Original Assignation dated 2-2nd Nov., lt)2t), at 
Castle Grant ; Original Letter dated 2Sth October, 1633, at Castle Grant. 

2 "P. C. Register," XII., pp. 742-745 ; XIII., r23, 124, 133, 390, 432, 772, 
773 ; Second Series, Vol. II., pp. 96, 278, 517 ; IIL, pp. 239, 332, 496, 510, 
518-520, 583 ; V., p. 362 ; "Chiefs," III., pp. 334-336. 

» " Chiefs," I., p. 235 ; IIL, pp. 229, 341. 

•^Ihid., I., p. 237; "Spalding's MemorialLs of the TruUble.s," 1., p. 76 
(Spalding Club, 1850 edition). 



'50 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 



He made his last will and testament on 31st 
March, 1637, at Edinburgh/ 

He died the next day, 1st April, and was buried 
in the Abbey Chapel at Holyrood. 

As already stated, his wife was Mary Ogilvie. 
She survived her husband, and resigned her right 
of co-executry in her husband's estate in favour 
of her eldest son." 

At a later period she wished to sequestrate part 
of her marriage portion to provide for her younger 
children/^ This was objected to by her eldest son, 
but a reconciliation was effected by the interposition 




SIR .IdHX CHANT, SIXTH OF FREUCHIE 



•of George, Earl of Seaforth. She resided at 
Urquhart, of which she had a liferent. Several 
letters written by Mary Ogilvie to her son James 
during the wars of Montrose are still preserved. 
She did not sympathise with the Covenanters, 
by whom she was badly treated and driven out of 
Urquhart.^ She was alive in 1646, but died shortly 

> "Chiefs," I., p. 237 ; III., p. 330. 

- " Chiefs," I., pp. 237, 242. Exti-act Discharge and Renunciation, dated 

at Freuchie, 11th Maj^, 1637, at Castle Grant. 

■' " Chiefs," I., pp. 237, 238, 267, 268. 

"^ Ibid., II., pp. 81, 82 ; "Urquhart and Glenmoriston," pp. 154, 1.'"..'"., 161, 

162, and infra. 




THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 91 

afterwards. By her Sir John had seven sons and 
three daughters. 

I. James, 

who succeeded his father as seventh Laird of 
French ie.^ 

II. Patrick, 

called of Cluniemore and of Cluniebeg, but better 
known as tutor of Grant, which he became on the 
death of his brother James in 1663." 

He was appointed a Lieutenant-Colonel,^ by his 
brother, of levies to the number of 1400, raised in 
165 L, and with them took part in the battle of 
Worcester, 3rd September, 1651.^ 



a^r^c e 



MARY OGILVIE, HIS WIFE. 

Some years afterwards he ol:>tained a lease from 
the Laiixl of the lands of Auchnahangon for seven 
years. ^ 

lie was appointed, 13th September, 1666, an 
additional Commissioner of Excise for the shire of 
Inverness.- He had also been appointed orie of 
the Commissioners for the apprehension of John 
McAudley, in Lesmuidry, and others, for contempt 
of horning, under which they lie on the charge of 

^ See infra. 

- " Chiefs," I., pp. 238, 289. 

•"'He may be the Major Patrick Grant who is mentioned in a reference 
to the Committee of Estates anent the towns of Stiding and Pertli and 
Lieutenant-Colonel Rough ("Acta. Pari.," Vol. VI., pt. 1., p. 461 ). 

■* " Chiefs," I., p. 266 ; " Urquhart and Glenmoriston," p. 167. 

•' Ibid, I., p. 270. 

*"Reg. Privj' Council," Third Scries, II., pp. 126, 196, 197, 422. 





92 THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 

theft and reset of theft, 4th January, 1666. He 
was, on 3rd March, 1668, one of these appointed to 
act as additional judf^es for the trial of persons 
apprehended by the Earl of Atholl. 

He married, first, Anna Sutherland, daughter of 
the Laird of Duffus, by whom he had issue three 
daughters, the second of whom, named Mary, 
married Patrick Grant, or Macalpine of Kothie- 
murchus.^ From this marriage is descended the 
present John Peter Grant, Esq., of Kothiemurchus, 
Sherift-Substitute of Inverness-shire. 

A disposition, dated 7th December, 1600, was 
granted to her and her spouse by her uncle, James 
Sutherland of Kinminitie, over Cluniemoir, Chmie- 
beg, and other lands. She was still alive in 1663.^ 

He married, secondly, Sibilla, daughter of Ken- 
neth Mackenzie of Kintail, already successively the 
relict of John McLeod of Harris and Alexander 
Eraser, tutor of Lovat. Patrick Grant had also a 
natural son, Robert. Patrick was still alive 21st 
June, 1672. There was no issue of the second 
marriage.^ 

III. Alexander. 

He carried on a litigation with his eldest brother 
with regard to the distribution of their father's 
effects.'* He had been placed by his brother, the 
Laird, in the Mains of Mulben, and other lands. 
On the 8th January, 1662, at Forres, he became 
bound to remove before the 24th of that month. 
A Notarial Instrument, 25th January, 1662, nar- 

1 " Chief," I., pp. 501, 509. See " Scots Peerage," III., p. 207, title Duffus. 
- " Gen. Reg. Inhibitions," Fifth Series, Vol. VII., 9th January, 1664. 
3 " Chiefs," I., pp. 238, 509 ; III., pp. 472, 473 ; " Wardlaw MS.," P- 501. 
*" Chiefs," L, pp. 238, 270-276; III., pp. 342, 343, 353; Copy of Con- 
descendence at Castle Grant. 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 93 

rates the fulfilment of the agreement.^ Alexander, 
however, immediately reinstated himself by taking 
forcible possession of the lands, and preventing the 
Laird's chamberlain sowing them.^ 

He is said to have married Isobel, daughter of 
Nairn of Morenge, by whom he left issue two 
daughters.^ He was alive in 1665. 

IV. Major George Grant.* 

William Grant of Cardells accused him to his 
brother, the Laird, in a letter dated 30th January, 
1661. of being the author of the accusation on 
account of which a charge of high treason was laid 
against the Laird. The Laird does not seem to 
have believed William Grant, so probably his 
accusation was not true. 

On 15th August, 166S, we find him Governor of 
Dumbarton Castle, Avhich post he is said to have 
held for some time.' He may be the Captain 
George Grant who, in an entry of 11th January, 
1661, in the Minutes of Parliament, being then 
about thirty years of age, and on the Eagle frigate 
at the time the public registers were thrown over- 
board, swears that had this not been done the 
frigate must inevitably have perished." He is 
probably the Captain George Grant who. on his 

^ Notarial Instrument at Castle Grant. 

"Notarial Insti^ument, dated at Delmaine, 13th March, 1662, t'hid. 

"' " Shaw's Moray," I., p. 102. 

* " Chiefs," I., pp. 238, 270, 283, 284 ; II., pp. SS, 89. 

^ Ibid,. III., p. 467. See "Register of the Privy Council of Scotland," 
Third Series, Vol. II., pp. 488-491, for supplication by James Strachan and 
others, officers and soldiers in the Duke of Lennox's Company, in the Castle 
of Dumbarton, in which they charge the Lieutenant-Governor, George Grant, 
with withholding their pay. The charge was found not proven, 21st Januar}' 
1669. See also pp. 607 and 608 for a ten weeks' furlough granted him that 
he may repair to London, 23rd February, 1669. 

« " Acta. Pari.," VII., App., p. 3. 



94 THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 

own petition, was, on 11th October, 1666, granted a 
warrant to uplift and free the country of beggars,, 
gypsies, and idle persons who cannot give an 
account of their ways of Hving, by apprehending 
them and carrying them beyond sea to the 
plantations.^ 

In 1675 he received a commission to suppress. 
robberies in the Highlands, in connection with which 
he is mentioned as having arbitrarily apprised a 
large amount of farm stock on Borlum-more, in 
Urquhart, without the authority of his brother 
Thomas, who was then Bailie of Urquhart. He 
died without issue. 

V. Robert, 
who is said to have married a daughter of Dunbar 
of Bennagefield, by whom he had a son, who was. 
father of Robert Og of Milton of Muckrach.^ 

On 17th October, 1640, he witnessed the mar- 
riage contract of his sister Anne.^ He died before 
22nd August, 1653, as he is mentioned, in the 
testimonial by the Laird of Freuchie's brothers and 
sisters as to the Laird's liberality in their settle- 
ments of that date, as being dead then ; and it 
appears that to him also the Laird acted a liberal 
part.* 

VI. MuNGO (see Appendix YI., Grants of Kin- 
chirdie). 

VII. Thomas of Balmacaan, 
born 1637, was for some time Chamberlain of 
Urquhart to his nephew Ludovick. He was called 
Tomas Dubh.^ 

^ " P.C. Register," Third Series, II., pp. xlix. and 205. 

- " Shaw's Mora}-," Vol. I., p. 602 ; " Chiefs/' I., pp. 238, 270. 

■■ Ihid,, III., pp. 4.55, 456. *Ibid, III., p. 343. '^ Ibid., I., pp. 239, ^70. 




GRANT, (Dress.) 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 95' 

On 10th October, 1678, he and his neighbours^ 
John Grant of Glenmoriston, John Grant of Coin- 
eachan, and John Grant of Corriemony, and a host 
of "other heads and branches of famihes" throughout 
the Highlands, were required by royal proclamation 
to repair to Inverlochy, and give bonds for the 
peaceable behaviour of themselves and their tenants 
and servants, before the 20th November following/ 

He is said to have married, in 1682, Mary, 
daughter of Colin Campbell of Clunes, by wliom he 
had two sons, Ludovick of Auchnastank and Patrick 
of Culvullin, and a daughter, who married Mungo 
Grant of Mullochard. In 1683 he is said to have 
been forty-six years of age ^ 

Vin. Mary, 
who married, first. Lord Lewis Gordon, third son 
of the Marquis of Huntly, who afterwards suc- 
ceeded as third Marquis of Huntly. According to 
tradition. Lord Lewis Gordon was concealed for 
some time in a cave in a rocky glen about two miles 
from Castle Grant. To that hiding-place the Laird 
-of Grant's sister Mary carried supplies to the 
fugitive, and her attentions led to their marriage. 
The cave is still called "Huntly's cave."^ 

The marriage took place about October or the 
begiiming of November, 1644.* He had with her a 

^ " Chiefs," I., pp. "299, 300 ; " Urquhart and Glenmoriston," p. 195 ;. 
Proclamation in " Antiquarian Notes," by Mr Charles Fraser-Mackintosh, pp. 
185, 188. 

-Shaw's "'Moray," I., p. 102. 

3 " Chiefs," I., pp. 239, 258; III., p. 464; '-Scots Peerage," IV., p. 548 
(Title Huntly). 

■» Spalding's "Memorialls of the Trubbles," II., p. 428 (Spalding Club); 
The ceremony was performed by Mr George Hannay, minister of Alves. 
There is a curious account of his forcible abduction by Gordon in the middle 
of the night, and of his then marrying the couple under fear of deatli. 
(Records of Presb. of Elgin, 5th November, 1644).' 



96 THE EARLS OF SE AFIELD 

tonher of 20,000 merks. He died in December, 
1658.^ 

There was issue of this marriage, George, created 
first Duke of Gordon, and several daughters. 

She married, secondly, James Ogilvie, second 
Earl of Airlie, as his second wife (Contract dated 
31st October, 1668), without issue. As she had 
been excommunicated, her marriage was arranged 
with great difficulty. "^ 

IX. Anne, 

married, as his second wife, Kenneth Mackenzie of 
Gairloch.^ 

Their Contract of Marriage is dated 17th October, 
1640, at Kinloss. Her tocher was five thousand 
pounds Scots.'* 

She had issue. ^^ 

X. LiLIAS, 

married John Byres of Coittis (Coates), who was 
afterwards knighted. Their Post-Nuptial Contract 
of Marriage is dated at Cupar-Fife, 26th May, 1666.'' 

XIV. JAMES GRANT, Seventh of Freuchie. 

He was just of age when his father died, having 
been born 24th June, 1616, as he was six years old 
at Midsummer, 1622." 

1 Sentence of excommunication "for obstiuacie in Poperie" was pronounced 
against her in the Parish Church of Duflus on I7th October, 1658, and on 
15th December following the sentence was appointed by the Presbytery of 
Forres to be intimated throughout their bounds. (" Chiefs," I., p. 287 : 
Session Records of Duifus ; Records of Presbytery of Forres). 

2 "Scots Peerage," I., p. 216 (Title Airlie). 

-'- " Chiefs," I., pp. 239, 252 ; III., pp. 454-456. 

"* Receipt and Discharge for full payment of dowry of five thousand merks, 
dated 3rd June, 1643, at Castle Grant. 

^ See Mackenzie's " History of the Mackenzies," 1879 edition, p. 332. 

«" Chiefs," I., p. 239 ; IIL, pp. 463, 464. 

7 Ihid., I., p. 240 ; III., p. 221. 



THE EARLS OF SE AFIELD 97 

He had been engaged to marry Lady Jane 
Fleming, youngest daughter of John, first Earl of 
Wigtown. His friends seem to have opposed the 
match, and he broke it off. She died shortly after- 
wards at Lord Johnstone's house of Newbie on 21st 
December, 1637.^ 

On 7th June, 1637, James Grant had been re- 
toured heir to his father, and infeft in the lands of 
the Crown in the counties of Elo'in and Inverness.^ 

Of the church lands of Strathspey he received 
infeftment in 1638, on a Precept by John, Bishop of 
Moray, ^ and in the following year his right to the 
possession of all the lands in his own jDerson was 
completed, by his infeftment by James, Earl of 
Moray, in the lands and lordship of Abernethy.* 

He was one of the commission appointed 24th 
September, 1638, to superintend the subscribing of 
the Covenant in the Sheriffdom of Liverness.'' 

He signed the Solemn League and Covenant, and 
was at the Conference between the Earls of Argyll 
and Montrose, Lord Couper, the Master of Forbes, 
and others, held at Perth on 14th March, 1639.*^ 
James, Earl of Moray, his brother-in-law, as Colonel 
of the Moray Regiment of horse and foot, appointed 

^ " Chiefs," I., pp. 243, 244 ; Original Letter from his Law Agent, James 
Gibson, Edinburgh, to James Grant of Freuchie, dated 27th December, 163S, 
at Castle Grant. 

-Retours, Elgin and Inverness ; Extract Retour dated 28th July, 1637, at 
Castle Grant ; Original Precepts and Listruments of Sasine dated 25th Oct. 
and 11th Nov., 1637, ibid. 

•' Original Instrument of Sasine, 26th April, 1638. 

'' Original Precept and Instrument of Sasine dated 28th June and 31st 
-July; 1639, at Castle Grant. 

'" "P. C. Register," Second Series, VIL, p. 77. 

« " Chiefs," L, p. 245 ; II., pp. 67, 68. 



98 THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 

hiin as his Lieutenant-Colonel/ at the same time 
making him a gift of the whole benefit, profit and 
pay of his place as Colonel, except only the expense 
necessarily incurred for supporting the regiment. 

On the 8th September, 1640, the Laird's mother 
made a formal declaration within Urquhart Castle 
in presence of James Leslie, Notary Public ; Patrick 
Grant of Glenmoriston, Alexander Baillie of Dunain, 
and John Grant of Lurg, to the eftect that her son 
" might by word and not by writ " do all things 
lawful for the furtherance of the cause of the 
Covenant in Urquhart. To a request also proffered 
by him that she would permit the lands of Urquhart 
to be s tented for men to be sent south, or give the 
Laird her written authority to do it himself, she 
gave a refusal, as she had already given such 
authority to Major-General Munro, but she said that 
if the Laird came to Urquhart with the authority of 
the General or of the Tables, he might do what he 
pleased, without contradiction from her. Lady 
Grant also refused concurrecne with her son's 
request, on the plea that she was not able " in 
respect of many gryte harms, injureis, and oppres- 
sions that my sone has done to me, his mother, 
unnaturallie." She adds that should he decline to. 

A^t liW^^vU j^fiir f^{-^J 



JOHN SPOTTISWOOD, ARCHBISHOP OF ST ANDREWS. 1641. 

1 " Chiefs," I., p. 256 ; III., pp. 236, 237 ; Commission dated at Freuchie, lat 
April, 1644 ; see "Memorialls of the Trubbles," II., p. 323. 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 99 

undertake the work of stenting her lands and 
collecting the tax without her concurrence, she is 
willing to do so herself, on receiving proper power 
and warrant from the Tables.^ 

On the 16th of May, 1644, he was present at an 
important meeting of the Covenanting Leaders held 
at Turriff.^ 

In 1645 the Laird of Grant submitted to Mon- 
trose, and promised to serve the King and send 
Montrose 300 men.^ This was after the battle of 
Inverlochy, 2nd February, 1645, and Montrose, who 
was carrying fire and sword into the territories of 
his opponents, had burnt the Laird of Ballindalloch's 
three houses of Ballindalloch, Pitchaish, and Foy- 
ness, as well as other houses in the district. The 
Grants evidently thought it far better to be the 
plunderers than the plundered, and they took a 
leading part in pillaging Elgin,^ and left nothing 
portable (tursabill) uncarried away, and "brak doun 
bedis, burdis, insicht and plenishing." The Earl of 
Seaforth and the Laird of Grant and some of the 
other lairds who had submitted, went with Montrose 
towards the Bog of Gight in the beginning of March, 
but they were sent back by Montrose to guard their 
own estates. The Laird of Freuchie had obtained a 
promise of indemnity^ for the losses he and his clan 
had sustained by the passage of the opposing armies 
through their country, and also an assurance that 
any lands taken by the Covenanting party would be 

^Notarial Instrument, 9th September, 1640 ; " Urquhart and Glenmoriston," 

pp. 148, 149 ; "Cliiefs," I., p. 253 ; III., pp. 231, 232. 

- " Chiefs," I., p. 256 ; " Memorialls of the Trubbles," II., p. 365. 

3 " Chiefs," I pp. 259 260 ; " Memorialls of the Trubbles," II., p. 447. 

* Ibid, II., pp. 449, 450. 

5 " Chiefs," III., p. 237. 



100 THE EARLS OF SE AFIELD 

restored if he continued faithful and loyal to the 
King's service, signed at Garmoch (Garmouth) 3rd 
March, 1645. 

Parties from the Covenanting regiments lying at 
Inverness came to the Place of Elchies, where the 
Laird of Grant was then dwelling, and pitifully 
plundered the same, sparing neither his lady's 
apparel nor jewellery, of which she had store/ In 
his support of Montrose he had the hearty appro- 
bation of his mother." With the connivance of the 
Tutor of Glenmoriston and other gentlemen, a 
company from Inverness invaded Urquhart about 
Christmas, 1644, robbed her of her household and 
personal eflPects, and drove her out of the country. 
She found shelter at Lesmoir, and wrote from there 
on the 2nd of April, 1645, encouraging her son to 
persevere in the King's cause, and to avenge the 
wrongs which they both had suffered. 

Montrose had issued a Proclamation^ dated at 
Pennyburn, 9th March, 1645, to those inhabitants 
of Badenoch, Glenlivet, Glenrinnes, and Moray 



/^^^ 




JAMES, FIRST MARQUESS OP MONTROSE. 

generally, who had declared their attachment to the 
King's service, but had not yet risen in arms, desir- 

1 " Chiefs," I., p. 261 ; " Memorialls of the Trubbles," IL, p. 450. 

^ " Chiefs," I., p, 261 ; II., pp. 81, 82 ; " Urquhart and Glenmoriston," 

pp. 154, 155. 

3 « Chiefs," L, pp. 261, 262 ; II., pp. 15 and 16. 



THE EARLS OF SE AFIELD 



101 



ing them to concur with the Laird of Grant upon 
all occasions of the appearance of an enemy. On 
the 30th March, 1645, at Muckrach, the Laird 
entered into a solemn bond of combination with the 
principal men of his clan, by which they bound 
themselves to support the cause of the King, and on 
the 11th April, 1645,^ he received a Commission, 
signed by Montrose at Glenmuick, to raise such 
loyal subjects as were not required at that time by 
the Marquis himself, and to use fire and sword 




ARCHIBALD, MARQUIS OP ARGYLE. 



against enemies and disaffected persons. After 
Montrose's defeat at Philiphaugh, the Laird's zeal 
for the King's cause began to cool.^ 




KING CHARLES II. 




QUEEN HENRIETTA MARIA. 

1 "Chiefs," I., p. 262 ; IIL, p. 238. ^- Ibid, I., pp. 262, 263. 



102 THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 

Subsequently, however, the Laird appears to 
have sent renewed testimonies of loyalty and offers 
of service by the Earl of Crawford to Queen Henri- 
etta and Prince Charles, both of whom were then at 
St. Germains. and he received grateful letters from 
both Queen and Prince. (Letters dated 26th and 
28th October, 1646).' 

From Major - General Middleton, the military 
commander for the Estates in the North of Scotland, 
the Laird of Freuchie, with his friends and tenants, 
among many others, in the beginning of March, 
1647, received a remission for the part they had 
taken with Montrose.^ 

The Laird was in no way concerned with the 
engagement for the deliverance of King Charles the 
First, or w^ith the last attempt made by Montrose 
to restore the Royalist cause by arms and to 
avenge the death of that King, though it would 
appear that one of his brothers was implicated, 
which gave occasion to General David Leslie, 




GEORGE, 2nd marquis OF HUNTLY. 

1 "Chiefs," I., p. 263 ; II., p. 889. 
■■^ " Acta Pari.," Vol. VI., pt. I., p. 670. 



THE EARLS OF SE AFIELD 103 

then in Himtly's territory, to write to the Laird to 
persuade his brother to withdraw from the rash 
enterprise,^ 

The Laird of Grant sent Charles IL the regiment 
of which he was Colonel, and which he had raised, 
1400 strong, under the command of his brother, 
Patrick Grant of Clunemore and Clunebeg. The 
regiment shared in the defeat of Worcester, 3rd 
September, 1651." 

On 10th February, 1657, he received from 
General Monck a permit for himself and his tenants 
to retain their arms.^ 

On 13th November, 1637, he gave a Charter, in 
terms of a Contract of Alienation, to James Ogilvy, 
Merchant in Keith, of the six oxgangs of the lands 
of Toirmoir/ 

In 1644, in return for a sum of money paid to 
her by the Laird, his mother. Dame Mary Ogilvie, 
renounced in his favour her life-rent interest in the 
lands provided to her in the barony of Mulben.^ It 
seems that she made this renunciation most reluc- 
tantly, as she had wished to provide for some of 
her unprovided children. The Laird himself made 
provision for his brothers, who all seem to have been 
satisfied except Alexander.*' He redeemed a number 
of previous wadsets, and let the lands afterwards 
on lease. '^ Other wadsets he renewed on receiving 
payment of an additional sum of money. Among 

1 " Chiefs," L, pp. 264, 265 ; II., pp. IS, 19. 

■ ' Ibid, 1., ip. 2Q6 ; ."Urquhart and GleumorLston," pp. 166,167; see also 

" Act. Pari.," Vol. VI., pt. II., pp. 623-625, 20th and 23rd Dec, 1650. 

■^ " Chiefs," I., pp. 266, 267 ; III., p. 244. •* Laing's Charters, No. 2227. 

-'"Chiefs," I., pp. 267, 268; Extract Instrument of Resignation dated at 

Forres, 7th June, 1644, at Castle Grant. 

« " Chiefs," I., pp. 269-275 ; III., pp. 342, 343. '' Ibid, I., pp. 275, 512. 



104 THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 

bis new wadsets were those of Gartenmore in 1647^ 
and Easter and Wester Duthilies or Ballintomb on 
6th August, 1656, the latter being granted for 
fifteen thousand merks to Archibald Grant, great- 
grandson of Archibald, younger son of James Grant, 
third Laird of Freuchie, who had obtained these 
lands from his father as a residence. A portion of 
these lands had been wadset to him in 1639 for 
£1000/ 

By a Charter dated 22nd September, 1657, in 
discharge of a debt for which he was pressed, he sold 
the lands of Kinminitie to James Sutherland, Tutor 
of Duffus.^ Sasine was given on 20th March, 1658,. 
recorded at Banff, 12th April, 1658. 

James Hay in Auchroisk, the representative of 
the Hays of Mayne, by an unjust claim, re-opened 
the Inverallan dispute.^ The Laird paid to him, in 
1653, the sum of £800 Scots to denude himself of 
all title he had to these lands, and agreed to pay 
him other four hundred merks on the performance of 
the conditions stipulated, and to give him a four 
years' tack of the lands of Cummingston, an estate 
on the Mulben property in Banffshire. Glenbeg 
was part of the Inverallan lands, the dispute about 
which was thus settled. 

Allan Grant, son of the tenant of Western 
Tulloch executed at the close of 1636, for harbour- 
ing Gilderoy and a number of his Macgregor band, 
obtained a Precept for his infeftment from Chancery, 
after the Laird had disponed the land to a member 

^ " Household Account," 1639, at Castle Grant. 

2 " Chiefs," I., p. 272 ; " Laing's Charters," Nos. 2510, 2511, 2522. 

2 " Chiefs," I., pp. xxxiii., 276 : Original Agreement at Castle Grant ; see supra. 







■ 






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^^^^^^^^^^^^^' 


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-''''■'■ 









GRANT, (Hunting.) 



THE EARLS OF SE AFIELD 105 

of the Glenbeg family.^ Ultimately the Laird com- 
pounded with Allan Grant for his right, by granting 
a Bond for £666 13s 4d, but the amount was not 
paid until after the Laird's death. ^ After some pro- 
tracted disputes with the Grants of Glenmoriston, 
the Laird also acquired the lands of Wester Elchies 
and Kinchirdie, which had been granted by the 
Bishop of Moray to the Grants of Carron.^ For a 
time Wester Elchies was disponed in wadset by the 
Laird, and so was Kinchirdie, but afterwards the 
former was left by James Grant to his younger son,^ 
Patrick, and the latter became the inheritance of 
Mungo Grant, the Laird's brother.^ 

On 1st November and 16th November, 1649, he 
instructed masons and slaters to put "the great 
house" (Ballachastell) in repair.*' He leased th& 
"w^ood of Abernethy" to the Government, 1652. 
It is described as the best wood in all Scotland for 
tar, "a red fir and full of sap." It was to be felled 
by men sent by the State. Arrangements were 
made for taking the tar in waggons and carts to the 
mouth of the Spey. The timber was to be floated 
down in time of spate ; charcoal was also to be made 
out of the burnt wood." 

He, with the Ministers and Heritors and wad- 
setter of Strathspey, about 1658, petitioned Parlia- 
ment to appropriate tlie byrun stipends of the vacant 

1 " Chiefs?," I., pp. 236, 276. 

- Ihid, III., p. 350. 

'^ Ihid., I., pp. 276, 277. 

"• See infra. 

'' See supra. 

8 "Chiefs," I., p. 279 ; IIL, pp. 459-461. 

'' See letter from And. Sandelaads to Robert Lillburnc, Commander-iu- 
Chief of the Forces of Scotland, dated 14th January, 1652; "Calendar of 
State Papers," Domestic Series, 165, and 1652, pp. 103, 104. 



106 THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 

parishes of Abernethy, Kincardine, Glencarnie, and 
Kothiemurchus, for the erection of a School in the 
district.^ A commission was appointed to examine 
into the matter, 7th April, 1658.^ 

In 1660, the Laird and his wadsetters had to 
contribute men for the demolition of the Sconce 
erected near Inverness by Cromwell's soldiers, out of 
the material of several religious houses, and called 
Oliver's Fort.^ 

In February, 1661, he was threatened with an 
indictment for high treason, but his friends succeeded 
in averting immediate proceedings/ 

In September, 1661, he went up to Edinburgh, 
accompanied by Lady Mary Grant and his children. 
He was excluded from the Act of Indemnity till he 
should pay a fine of £18,000 Scots.^ 

Lady Mary Grant died Thursday, 18th December, 
1662, and was buried on the 30th at Duthil with 
considerable pomp and ceremony. She had lived 
and died a Koman Catholic, which fact occasioned 
the Laird some trouble with the Presbytery and 
Synod. On one occasion the Synod of Moray 
decided to excommunicate her.*^ She was also a 
firm believer in witchcraft. 

• 1 " Chiefs," I., pp. 277, 278 ; III., p. 343. 

^ Ibid, n., -pp. 19. 

Ubid, I., p. 279; III., p. 344. 

■* /6id, I., p. 283. Original Letter, dated 2nd February, 1661, at Castle 
Grant. 

^Ibid, L, pp. 284, 285 ; "Acta. Pari.," 9th September, 1662, Vol., VII., p. 
424. See also Account of Expenditure on visit to Edinburgh, 1661, sub-date 
21st September, at Castle Grant. 

«"Cliiefs," I., pp. 286-287 ; Diaries of the Lairds of Brodie ; Spalding 
Club, Aberdeen, 1663, pp. 122, 123, 285 ; Records of the Presbytery of Forres ; 
Records of the Synod of Moray ; Original MS. at Castle Grant. 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 107 

It was the intention of King Charles II. to make 
James Grant of Freuchie Earl of Strathspey and 
Lord Grant of Freuchie, but the Laird died in 
Edinburgh, 1663, before the Warrant was signed.^ 
The story is told that, when he heard of his 
Sovereign's intention, he exclaimed, " Wha'd be 
Laird o' Grant ? " 

He was buried on the 10th October in the 
ChajDel of Holy rood." Testament dated 21st Sep- 
tember, 1663, and confirmed 27th July, 1665.' 

From the inventory of his effects we find that 
the whole amount of the efiects and debts due to 
him was only about eighteen thousand pounds Scots, 
while he owed seventy-two thousand pounds Scots. 

He married, apparently at Elgin, on the 24th 
or 25th of April, 1640, Lady Mary Stewart, only 
daughter of James, second earl oF Moray, and his 
Countess, Lady Anne Gordon, eldest daughter of 
George, first Marquis of Huntly.* His courtship of 
her had evidently begun before her father's death 
in August, 1638, if not prior to Sir John Grant's 
death in the previous year. Her father and her 
brother, the third Earl, had opposed the marriage, 
and neither her brother nor any of lier friends 
were present.^ 

Previous to her marriage Lady Mary executed 
a deed by which she conveyed to her " very honour- 
able and trusty friend, James Grant of Freuchie," 

1" Chiefs," I., pp. 288, 289; Copy Warrant indorsed 1663 ; "Chiefs," III., 

pp. 345-355. 

^ Account at Castle Grant. ■* Moray Tests. 

■* " Chiefs," I., pp. 249-25'2 ; " Scots Peerage," titles Moray and Huntly. 

^ See Spalding's " Memorialls of the Trubbles," I., p. 263. 



108 THE EARLS OF SE AFIELD 

who, she says, " has undertaken to doe and per- 
forme certane bussines and affaires tending to m^r 
honour," her rights to the lands of Overlarust and 
Dalnazei]d, provided to her by her deceased father, 
James, Earl of Moray. ^ All the witnesses to this 
deed were Grants and servants to the Laird, 

On the following day, the 24th April, ^ and still 
before the marriage, the Laird granted a bond to 
Lady Mary Stewart with regard to her liferent 
portion. 

The marriage was performed by Mr Gilbert 
Marshall, minister of Abernethy, who, for having 
performed the ceremony without proclamation, was 
suspended by the Synod of Moray "from his chairge 
for the space of three Sabbottis."^ 

The marriage relations, so far as property was 
concerned, between the Laird and Lady Mary, his 
wife, were amicably adjusted with the Earl, her 
brother, in a Contract made between them at Forres 
on 19th May, 1643, in terms of an earlier Minute 
of Contract relating to the same subject.* By this 
Contract both the Bond granted at the marriage 
by the Laird and the Minute referred to were 
implemented, and James Grant obliged himself to 
infeft his wife in liferent in certain of his lands able 
to yield an annual rent of sixty chalders, or, in 
money, three thousand merks ; also, to provide his 
estate to the eldest heir male of the marriage, and 

1 Original Assignation, dated 23rd April, 1640, at Castle Grant. 

-But from Contract of 19th May, 1643, the date of this Bond would 
appear to be 4th April (see " Chiefs," III., p. 456). This may, however, be a 
mistake for 24th April. 

"* Records of the Synod of Moray. 

-• " Chiefs," IIL, pp. 456-459. 




JAMES GRANT, Seventh of Frkuchie, h. 1616, d. 1663. 




IvADY -MARY STKWART, Wife OF James Grant, vSeventh 
OF Freuchie. 



THE EARLS OF SE AFIELD 109 

make suitable provision for any daughters to be 
born. On the other hand the Earl of Moray paid 
with his sister a tocher of £22,000 Scots, getting 
from the Laird a renunciation of the lands assigned 
to him at the marriage by Lady Mary Stewart. 
Registered 10th June, 1648. 

The Charter of Lady Mary's liferent lands was 
granted by the Laird the same day, according to 
Sir William Fraser, but accordincv to the Reo-lster 
of the Great Seal, the datfe of this Charter was 
14th May, 1643.' 

A few days after the making of the Contract he 
granted formal letters of obligation to give his wife 
twenty chalders of victual in addition to the annual 
rent of sixty chalders, and on 30th November, 1648, 
he implemented the contract by granting to Lady 
Mary Stewart the lands of Lethindie and tower 
thereof, with other lands in Cromdale, the lands of 
Glenlochy, and the manor place, tower, and fortalice 
•of Freuchie or Ballachastell, all to be possessed by 
ber if she survived her husband." The above two 
Charters were afterwards confirmed in EdinburMi 
in 1653 by the " keepers of the libertie of England, 
by authoritie of Parliament." 

Lady Mary died, as above mentioned, 18th 
December, 1662.^ 

The oldest family portraits at Castle Grant are 
those of James Grant and his wifs. Lady Mary 
Stewart.* 

^ Original Charter, dated 19th May, 1643, at Castle Grant ; see R. M. S., 

13th December, 1653, for Confirmation. 

-Charter of Confirmation, dated 13th December, 1653, at Castle Grant ; and 

R. M. S., 13th December, 1653. 

3 See supra. ^ " Chiefs," I., p. 212. 



no 



THE EARLS OF SEA FIELD 



They left issue, besides several children who are 
said to have died young, 




JAMES GRANT, SEVENTH OF FREUCHIE. 



^^ 



J nm^^fljj jlcu^yit 



LADY MARY STEWART, HIS WIFE. 



I, LUDOVICK, 

who succeeded bis father as eighth Laird of Freuchie. 

II. Patrick, 

who was provided by his father with the lands of 
Wester Elchies,^ 

In 1675 Ludovick Grant of Freuchie, the elder 
son, and successor of James, calls Patrick Grant of 
Elchies his brother-german. 

He held the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel in the 
Laird of Grant's regiment. 

He married Janet, daughter of Forbes of New- 
ton, who survived him. He died in January, 1693, 
leaving one son and three daughters, all in their 
minority. He was the progenitor of the second 

1 " Chiefs," I., pp., 276 277, 289-293, 503. 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 111 

family of Grants of Wester Elchies, which became 
extinct on the death of Lewis Grant in September 
or October, 1783. 

The daughters were 

III. Anna, 

who married, in 1664, Sir Patrick Ogilvy of Boyne, 
in the county of BanflP, and had issue. ^ 

An Armorial Stone, originally at Boyne, now at 
Cullen House, bears the arms of Ogilvie and Grant 
impaled with the date of 1668. 

IV. Mary, 

who married, before 1669, Sir Alexander Hamilton 
of Haggs, in the county of Lanark.^ In that year 
Mary Grant, in conjunction with her husband, 
pursued her brother Ludovick before the Lords of 
Council and Session for her tocher of twelve 
thousand merks, and obtained decree in her favour.^ 
They had issue. 

It appears that this was the Mary, daughter 
of the Laird of Grant, who is connected with 
the romantic story of Domhnull Donn MacFhir 
Bohuntuinn.^ Donald was a son of Macdonald of 
Bohuntin, in Brae-Lochaber, of good family, but 
who looked upon reiving and cattle-lifting as the 
proper calling of a Highland gentleman. Domhnull 
Donn (Brown Donald) was also a Gaelic poet of no 
mean order. He died with the reputation of never 
having injured a poor man, or imbued his hands 
wantonly in human blood. 

1 "Chiefe," I., pp. 290, 293, and III., pp. 350, 352, 353 ; Household Accounts 

for 1664 at Castle Grant. 

2 " Chiefs," I., p. 290 ; III., pp 350 352, 353. 

•'Original Decree, dated 6th February, 1669, at Castle Grant. 

'*Mackay's " Urquhart and Glenmoriston," pp. 187-190. 



112 THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 

(Jo one of his journeys he met and fell in love 
with Mary, daughter of the Laird of Grant, who 
resided at the time at Castle Urquhart. The lady 
reciprocated his tender feelings ; but her father 
refused to have him for his son-in-law, and forbade 
all intercourse between them. They, however, 
found opportunities of meeting on the wooded banks 
of Loch Ness. 

Donald had finally to flee, as the Laird of Grant, 
incensed at his cattle-lifting propensities, had sworn 
"Bheir an Diahhal mise a mo hhrogan, mar teid, 
DoinhnuU Donn a chrochadh " — " The Devil may 
take me out of my shoes if Donald Donn is not 
hanged." 

Donald found refuge in an almost inaccessible 
<3ave, where for a time he was safe from his pursuers 
and their sleuth hounds — coi7i ditbh Eadailteach — 
black dogs of Italy. ^ But bis place of retreat was 
eventually discovered by his pursuers, who, unable 
to approach him in the cave, sent him a message 
purporting to come from Mary, proposing an inter- 
view at the house of a certain individual,, who was 
represented to be her trusted confidant. He was 
hospitably received by the supposed friend, who 
promised that the lady would soon appear. The 
cuach (quaich) was passed round, and in his excite- 
ment he drank deeply. At last, at a signal from 
his treacherous host, his enemies, to the number of 
sixty-three, rushed in and endeavoured to seize him. 
He started up and fired on them, but his gun missed 
fire. Using the butt end of the weapon, he fought 
his way out of the house, and ran for his life. He 

^ For some of his songs describing his love, his life at this period, and his 
capture, see " Urquhart and Glenmoriston," Appendix E, pp. 487-489. 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 113 

slipped and fell, was taken, and lodged in the 
dungeon of Castle Urquhart. He was convicted 
of cattle stealing. He begged that he should be 
beheaded like a gentleman, and not hanged. On 
being told his prayer was granted, he exclaimed, 
" The Devil will take the Laird of Grant out of his 
shoes, and Donald Donn shall not be hanged." 

The short period which passed between his sen- 
tence and his execution at Craigmore was occupied 
by him in composing songs of exceeding sadness 
telling of his love and capture. To the last his 
thoughts were of his beloved ; and the legend tells 
that as his head rolled from the block, his tongue 
uttered the appeal, " Tog mo cheann, a Mhairi'' — 
^' Lift my head, Mary." 

V. Margaret, 
who married Roderick Mackenzie of Redcastle, and 
had issue. ^ 

A daughter, name unknown, died in 1650. 

There is in the Grant charter-chest a document 
giving the names of the tenants who were each fined 
£5 Scots " for byding from the Laird's doghter, hir 
buriall." They were appointed to pay their fines 
within fifteen days after the 23rd December, 1650. 

The Laird had also a natural daughter, married 
to Sweyne Grant in Ballintomb, to whom a legacy 
of £200 Scots was paid on the death of her father." 

XV. LUDOVICK GRANT, Eighth of Freuchie 
AND First of Grant. 
He was retoured heir to his father, by special 
Precept, as he was a minor, on 23rd May, 1665."^ 

1 "Cliiefs," 1., p. 290 ; III., pp. 350, 352, 353. 
^Ihid, I., p. 290 ; III., p. 351. -'Ibid, I., p. 293. 



114 THE EARLS OF SE AFIELD 

He bought Pluscardine in 1677/ his father-in- 
law, Alexander Brodie of Lethen, providing the 
purchase money. The estate was to be a provision 
for the second son of Ludovick's marriage with 
Janet Brodie. 

It is recorded that he took exception to certain 
measures proposed while James, Duke of York, was 
Commissioner to the Parliament of Scotland," and 
in the Legislative Assembly on one occasion desired 
that his protest might be recorded, on which the 
Duke of York remarked that the wishes of His 
Highland Majesty would be attended to. Laird 
Ludovick was afterwards popularly known as the 
"Highland King," and the designation was extended 
to his successors. He was fined by King James 
VII. 's Commissioners the sum of £42,500 Scots as a 
result of his sympathies with the Presbyterian faith 
and of his own and his wife's nonconformity with 
Episcopacy 11th February, 1685.^ On his petition- 
ing against the sentence, the King fully exonerated 
and discharged him of the fine, 9th January, 1686/ 
His remission was owing to the promptitude he 
displayed in raising his clan at the time of Argyll's 
invasion. 

He was a member of the Convention of Estates- 
called together by the Prince of Orange, which 
began its sittings on the 14th March, 1689,^ and 
in his place among the barons he subscribed the 
Minute which declared the Convention to be a 
"free and lawful meeting of the Estates," and their 

J « Chiefs," L, p. 298. 

^Ihid, L, pp. XX., 301, 302. ''Ibid, I., pp. 304-307. 

^ Ibid, III., pp. 249, 357, 358. 

^ Ibid, I., pp. 309-312 ; "Acta. Pari.," IX., p. 9. 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 115 

resolution to "continue undissolved until they settle 
and secure the Protestant religion, the Government,, 
laws, and liberties of the Kingdom." On the 18th 
March, the same day as John Graham of Claver- 
house. Viscount of Dundee, made his famous exit 
from Edinburgh, the Laird of Freuchie was 
nominated as one of a Committee^ to consider the 
condition of the Highlands and to report. At a 
previous meeting he had been appointed, with 
others, to consider what was fit for securing the 
peace. On the 2ord March he signed a congratu- 
latory address to King William, and on the 26th 
he was one of those chosen by vote to act as a 
Committee for settHng the Government." The Laird 
was therefore one of the framers of that resolution 
of the Estates which declared that King James 
had forfeited the right to the Crown, and that the 
throne had become vacant.^ A perusal of this 
resolution, which explains the necessity of this 
action, shows how wicked and tyrannical was 
James's government, and that his deposition was 
absolutely necessary if national liberty and private 
rights were to be preserved. 

The same Committee also framed the Claim of 
Right and the Offer of the Crown to the King and 
Queen of England, in terms of which the Estates 
proclaimed William and Mary to be King and 
Queen of Scotland.* 

On the 19th April, 1689, the Laird of Freuchie 
is named among those who offered to levy men for 
the public service, having volunteered to raise and 

' " Chiefs," pp. 10 and 12. 
2 " Acta. Pari.," IX., pp. 20 and 22. ^hid, p. 33. •* Ihid, pp. 38-41. 



116 THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 

equip six hundred men, and three days afterwards 
he was appointed colonel of his own regiment.^ 

On the 24th April the Laird was appointed, 
during pleasure, Sheriff-Principal of Inverness,^ in 
room of the Earl of Moray, a professed Papist, and 
on the 30th he, in common with other Northern 
Sheriffs, was commissioned to call together the 
heritors and other fencible men within his juris- 
diction, as well armed as possible, to dissipate any 
rebel forces in that neighbourhood. The Laird of 
Grant took part in Major-General Mackay's cam- 
paign against Claverhouse, and in May Mackay 
took up his quarters at Culnakyle, in Abernethy, 
" SL summer dwelling of Grant's." 

On 18th May, 1689, he was made a member of 
the Privy Council of Scotland.^ 

In consequence of Grant's capturing and hanging 
some Camerons,* stragglers from Dundee's army, 
who were found annexing "the most portable move- 
ables they could fall upon," a party of Camerons 
invaded Glen-Urquhart, dispersed the Grants, and 
raided their cattle."" 

After Claverhouse's death at Killiecrankie, 27th 
July, 1689, General Cannon became the commander 
of the Jacobite army, and in March, 1690, he was 
superseded by Major-General Buchan.*^ With the 

^ " Acta. Pari.," IX , pp. 50 and 57 ; See also Cal. of State Papers, Domestic, 
1689-90, p. 450, for his Commission, dated February 8th, 1690. 

^ " Acta. Pari.," IX., p. 62, and App., p. 2. 

=5 Cal. of State Papers, Domestic, 1689-1690, p. 109 ; see also ibid, 1691- 
1692, p. 167. 

*" Chiefs," I., pp. 315-317 ; Mackay's " Urquhart and Glenmoriston." pp. 
198-201 ; " Memoirs of Sir Ewen Cameron of Locheil," Abbotsford Club, 
Edinburgh, 1842, p. 244. 

'^See also Lord Macaulay's " History of England," 1858, Vol. IV., p. 355. 

8 "Chiefs," I., Ixxviii., and pp. 318, 319 ; Mackay's " Urquhart and Glen- 
moriston," pp. 208, 209. 



THE EARLS OF SE AFIELD 117 

young Glenmoriston, known as Iain a' Chragain, 
John of the Rock, the men of Glenmoriston and a 
few others, amounting, all told, to about eight 
hundred men, he w^ent through Lochaber, Badenoch, 
and Strathspey, on his way to the country of the 
Gordons, where he hoped to obtain reinforcements. 
But his movements were watched by the garrison 
then posted at Ballachastell (Castle Grant). As 
his followers lay asleep, on the night of 30th April, 
1690, they were surprised by Sir Thomas Living- 
stone and his dragoons, the Eeay Highlanders, and 
three hundred of the Laird of Grant's regiment, 
and scattered naked over the moorlands. This battle 
has been celebrated In the ballad called " The Haughs 
of Cromdale." 

Ludovick Grant was member for Inverness in 
Parliament until the Union in 1707. He made con- 
siderable additions to and consolidated his estate. 

In March, 1691, he won a race at Leith, the 
prize being a plate of £30 sterling. The only other 
horse running was the Duke of Hamilton's, which 
started favourite, odds being laid on it, as it was 
accounted the best horse in the Kingdom.^ 

Achmonie he acquired from Gillies Mackay, who, 
about the year 1 670, had, when in liquor, slain a 
Grant, the Laird's chamberlain, who had been sent 
from Strathspey to Glen-Urquhart to collect the 
rents.' The Laird took no revenge at the time, but 
some months afterwards, when Achmonie was stay- 
ing at Castle Grant, the Laird, with an armed band, 
entered his room, told him he knew of his guilt, 
and intimated he must yield his lands or his life. 

1 Cal. of State Papers, Domestic, 1690-1691, p. 312. 
^"Uruqhart and Glenmoriston," pp. 191-193. 



118 THE EARLS OF SEAFTELD 

Mackay surrendered the estate on the understanding 
that it should be restored to him as a vassal of the 
Laird. The surrendered lands were, however, con- 
ferred by the Laird on William Grant, of the family 
of Glenmoriston, who had possession of them in 
1677. Mackay barely escaped with his life after 
all, as he was attacked on his wa}^ home at Slochd- 
Muic by an illegitimate son of the Laird, whose 
mother had married the murdered chamberlain, and 
Achmonie and one follower alone escaped. 

On the 21st July, 1674, the laird excambed with 
John Grant of Corriemony the lands of Carnoch and 
Kerrownakeill, for Pitcherrell Croy and Auchatem- 
rach.^ 

24th March, 1691, is the date of an Instrument 
of Resignation by Sir James Grant of Dalvey of the 
lands of Gartenbeg, in favour of Ludovick Grant of 
Freuchie." 

On the 28th February, 1694, he received from 
William and Mary a Charter^ erecting his whole 
lands of French ie and others into a Regality, to be 
called the Regality of Grant, and ordaining the 
Castle and manor-place of Freuchie to be called in 
all time coming the Castle of Grant ; also the town 
formerly called Castletown of Freuchie, to be called 
the town and burgh of Grant. From this date the 
Laird of Freuchie changed his formal designation 
and became the Laird of Grant. 

On the 10th July, 1695, Parliament took up the 
Petition of the Laird of Grant, who desired compen- 

1 " Chiefs," III., pp. 473-475. 

"Ibid, pp. 475, 476. 

^ Ibid, I., pp. xxxix., xl., and Ixxxv., 321, 322 ; III., pp. 476-482 ; Original 
Charter at Castle Grant, confirmed by Parliament, 12th October, 1696 ; 
"Acta. Pari.," X., p. 93. 




-3^ 







THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 119 

sation for the losses he, his vassals, and tenants had 
sustained from the rebels, and also by the quartering 
of King William's troops on them in the years 1689 
and 1690.^ The whole sum of the losses sustained 
by them amounted to £120,486 3s lOd Scots.' Be- 
sides this, the Laird of Grant declared that, owing 
to the depletion of his tenants' stock, he had lost five 
years' rents of the barony of Urquhart, amounting 
to £30,000 Scots. Parhament accordingly recom- 
mended the Laird of Grant to his Majesty's gracious 
consideration. The ungrateful monarch ignored the 
recommendation, and notwithstanding repeated 
applications by successive Lairds of Grant down to 
the time of George IIL, no compensation appears 
yet to have been received for tlie damages and 
losses sustained by the Clan Grant. Treated in 
this niggardly fashion, the unfortunate Clan had to 
compensate themselves for their losses by plundering 
in their turn. 

Ludovick Grant purchased Abriachan from Alex- 
ander Eraser of Kinneras on 10th June, 1695. The 
Instrument of Ilesignation is dated 12th June, 1695.^ 

He also purchased Culnakirk and Clunemore 
from John Grant of Glenmoriston, 27th June, 1696. 
Sasine took place thereon, 30th July, 1696."^ 

Having thus consolidated his possessions in the 
district of Loch Ness, he made them over in 1699 to 
his eldest surviving son. Colonel Alexander Grant, 
on the occasion of the latter's marriag^e with Eliza- 
beth Stewart.^ 

i "Cliiefs," I., pp. 322, 323 ; III., pp. 482-484 ; "Acta. Pari.," IX., pp. 426, 427. 

""Urquhart and Glenmoriston," pp. 212-214. 

^Ibid, p. 227 ; "Chiefs," III., pp. 484, 485. 

■^Ihid, p. 227 ; " Chiefs," III., p. 485. 

^ Ibid, I., p. 501 ; "Urquhart and Glenmoriston," p. 227. 



120 THE EARLS OF SE AFIELD 

On Alexander's second marriage in 1709, the 
Laird resigned in 1710 all his estates to him, reserv- 
ing to himself an annuity of £300 sterling, and a 
jointure to Jean Houston, his second spouse.^ At 
the end of the same year the old Laird handed over, 
before the whole Clan, who were assembled at the 
ordinary rendezvous at Ballintome in full dress, the 
chieftainship to his son.^ 

He died at Edinburgh, November, 1716, and he 
was buried on the 19th of that month at the Abbey 
Church at Holyrood, in the same place as his father 
had been.^ He was twice married, first (Contract 
dated 20th December, 1671), at Ballachastle, to 
Janet Brodie, only child and heiress of Alexander 



oZi -^^ 




6( 



LUDOVICK GRANT, 8tH OF FREUCHIE. 



cJjyief^^ri 




JANET BRODIE. 



Brodie of Lethen/ Six days later the marriage took 
place/ 

I "Chiefs," I., pp. 326, 327 "Charter dated 9th July, 1710. 

^ MS. Anecdotes at Castle Grant. 

' "Chiefs," I., p. 328 ; Burial Register of Holyrood. 

•» " Chiefs," L, pp. 328, 329. 

•'"' Diaries of the Lairds of Brodie, p. 323 ; Spalding Club, 1863,. 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 121 

She died in 1697, and the Laird married, 
secondly (Contract dated 1st March, 1701), Jean,^ 
daughter of Sir Patrick Houstoun, Bart., and 
widow successively of Walter, second son of Walter 
Dundas, younger of that ilk, and of Sir Richard 
Lockhart of Lee. By this marriage the Laird had 
no issue. In 1727 she entered into an agreement 
with her stepson, Sir James Grant of Grant, by 
which she consented to modify the allowance of four 
thousand merks, to which she was entitled in terms- 
of her marriage contract, to three thousand merks. 
She died 31st January, 1734." 

By his first wife, Ludovick Grant had issue six 
sons and five daughters. 

I. John, 
who died young and unmarried on 11th April,. 
1682.' 

IL Alexander, 
who became a Brigadier-General in the Army, and 
succeeded his father.* 

III. James, 

who succeeded his brother, Alexander, as Laird of 
Grant, and became Sir James Grant of Grant, 
Baronet.^ 

IV. George, 

described in 1704 as third son of Ludovick Grant, 
his eldest brother, John, having predeceased his 

' Shaw's " Moray," I., p. 104 ; " Chiefs," I., p. 329 ; Crawford's " Renfrew," 
p. 101 ; Macleod's "Dundas of Dundas," p. xxxviii. ; Memorandum of Contents 
of Contract at Castle Grant ; Extract Contract between James Grant of Grant 
and Mrs Jean Houstoun. dated 14th and 16th Mar., 1727, at Castle Grant. 

- " Edm. Tests." 9th June, 1736. 

•'"Chiefs," I., pp. 329, 371 ; Diaries of the Laird of Brodie, p. 467. 

^ See infra, 

« Ihid. 



122 THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 

father.^ He became Major George Grant of Culbin, 
and was for a time Governor of the Castle of Inver- 
ness, or Fort-George, as it was then called. For 
surrendering it in the '45 he was tried by court- 
martial and dismissed the army.' In 1733 he 
acquired the lands of Culbin from his nephew, 
Mr Ludovick Colquhoun of Luss, afterwards Sir 
Ludovick Grant of Grant, to whom, after the death 
of the Major in December, 1755, unmarried, they 
reverted. 

y. Lewis, 
who became a Colonel in the Army.^ lu a Petition 
to the King for preferment to the rank of Lieutenant- 
Colonel, he states he had had the honour to serve 
the Crown twenty-nine years, particularly in Scot- 
land during the Rebellion of 1715,* and that during 
that time he had been twenty-six years a Captain in 
the Army, and thirteen years Major in the regiment 
of foot commanded by the Earl of Orkney. He 
married an Irish lady, whose name has not been 
ascertained. After his marriage he purchased the 
estate of Dunphail from the Duni)ars, but with the 
express intention that it should not be settled on 
the heirs of that marriage.'^ Having gone to 
Jamaica, he died at Kingston on 11th March, 1742, 
He left a daughter Anne, who married Mr Patrick 
Grant, Minister of Logie Easter, but the property of 
Dunphail, with the rest of his estate, passed to his 
nephew. Sir Ludovick Grant of Grant. 

VI. David, 
born 27th January, 1693. 

1 " Chiefs," I., p. 329. 

- " Urquhart aii'I Gleinnoriston," p. 291. ^ " Chiefs," I., pp. 329, 330. 

■* Draft Petition, undated, at Castle Grant. 

5 Letter at Castle Grant ; see "Chiefs," IL, pp. 118-120, 129, 139, 429, 430. 



THE EARLS OF SE AFIELD 123 

VII. Elizabeth, 

married (Contract dated 23rd May, 1704) to Hugh 
Rose of Kilravock, in the county of Nairn. ^ 
They had issue. 

VIII. Anne, 

married to Lieutenant-Colonel William Grant of 
Ballindalloch, a cadet of the Kothiemurchus family. 
The Contract for their marriao-e is dated 30th 

o 

October, 1711. Her husband acquired the estates 
•of Ballindalloch, Tullochcarron, and others, from 
John Grant of Ballindalloch and his creditors.^ 
He and his wife were the ancestors of the present 
family of Ballindalloch. Anne Grant predeceased 
her husband in 1732. He died in May, 1733. 

He was succeeded in 1733 by his son, Captain 
Alexander Grant of Ballindalloch,^ who married 
{Contract dated February, 1740) Penuel, the fourth 
surviving daughter of Sir James Grant of Grant, by 
whom he had issue. He was succeeded by his son, 
Major William Grant of Ballindalloch, who was 
served heir to him 18th July, 1751. He died 
without issue 12th July, 1770, and was succeeded 
by his uncle. General James Grant of Ballindalloch, 
who also died without issue, 13th April, 1806, aged 
86. He was succeeded by a grandson of his second 
sister Grace, who had married (Contract dated 18th 
December, 1731) George, second son of John Mac- 
pherson of Invereshie. Her husband succeeded to 
the lands of Invereshie and Dalraddie, and became 
Chief of the " Sliochd Gillies." Their grandson, 

' " Chiefs," I., p. 330 ; IIL, p. 492. 

" Ihid, I., pp. 330, 501, 511, and III., pp. 494, 495 ; Original Contract at 

Ballindalloch : see supra: 

•' See infra. 



124 THE EARLS OF SE AFIELD 

George Macpherson, was retoured heir of taillie and 
heir general of provision to his father's maternal 
uncle on 28th April, 1 806. He succeeded, on the 
death of his uncle, William Macpherson of Inver- 
eshie, 12th April, 1812, to the Invereshie propert}^- 
also. In 1838 he assumed the name of Grant, and 
was created, on 25th July of that year, a baronet 
of the United Kingdom, and was thereafter styled 
Sir George Macpherson -Grant, first Baronet of 
Ballindalloch. He was the ancestor of the present 
Sir John Macpherson -Grant, fourth Baronet of 
Ballindalloch and Invereshie, who succeeded 1907. 
He married, 26th June, 1889, Mary, daughter of 
Alexander Dennistoun of Golfhill, and has issue 
George, born 15th May, 1890. 

IX. Janet, 

married before 1716 to Sir Boderick Mackenzie of 
Scat well, and had issue. ^ 

X. Margaret, 

married in December, 1716, amid great rejoicings, 
to Simon Fraser, the notorious eleventh Lord Fraser 
of Lovat, by whom she had issue. ^ 

She died after child-birth in July, 1729, and her 
husband bewailed her loss in tones of passionate 
griefs 

Lord Lovat was beheaded for high treason on 
account of his share in the '45, 9th April, 1747.* 

XI. Mary, 

born 17th March, 1691 ; perhaps the child buried in 
Grey friars Churchyard, 3ist December, 1691. 

1 " Chiefs," L, pp. 330 and SOL 

'^Ihid, L, pp. 336, 351, SOL "^ Ibid, II., pp. 298. 

* See " Scots Peerage," article Fraser of Lovat. 



THE EARLS OF SE AFIELD 125 

XVI. 1. BRIGADIER-GENERAL ALEXANDER 
GRANT OF Grant, 

succeeded his father, November, 1716. He repre- 
sented Inverness-shire in the Scots ParHament, 
1702-7.' 

He was one of the Commissioners appointed on 
behalf of Scotland to treat for a Union with 
England, 27th February, 1706.' 

He signed his name with others to the Articles 
of Union on 22nd July, 1706, and attended the 
subsequent session of the Scots Parliament, voting 
always with the Government, and in favour of the 
Union.^ He was one of the thirty representatives 
•of counties appointed by the Scots Parliament to 
sit in the first British Parliament/ 

On the 4th March, 1706, he received a com- 
mission from Queen Anne appointing him Colonel 
and Captain of a regiment of foot in Scotland, 
formerly commanded by John, Earl of Mar, and 
which is said to have been raised in 1702. 

In 1708 Colonel Grant was elected as member 
for the Shire of Inverness to sit in the British 
Parliament.*^ 

He was a brave soldier and a capable officer, 
and saw much service in the wars of the Duke of 
Marlborough." 

On 24th August, 1710, he had the misfortune 
to be taken prisoner by a French privateer. He 

1 " Chiefs," I., pp. 331, 332, 334 ; "Acta. Pari.," XL. App., p. 102. 

- Original Commis.sion in H.M. General Register Hou.se, Edinburgh. 

^ "Acta. Pari.," XL, App., 190, 201-205. ' Ibid, XL, pp. 312-422 passim. 

= Commission and Draft Memorial at Castle Grant. 

•> Original Commission at Castle Grant, dated 21st June, 1708. 

'■"Chiefs," L, pp. 336-346. 



126 THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 

was released soon after on parole, and finally an 
exchange of prisoners was effected.^ 




ROBERT WALPOLE, SECY. OP WAR. 

On 12th February, 1711, he was raised, "for his 
loyalty, courage, and experience," to the rank of 
Brio-adier- General." 

On 24th September, 1713, Brigadier-General 
Grant was chosen Member of Parliament for the 
County of Elgin and Forres.^ 

On 11th January, 1715, he became Governor of 
the fortress of Sheerness, and on 19th August, 1715, 
he received a commission as Lord Lieutenant of the 
Counties of Banff and Inverness.^ 

On the outbreak of the Jacobite insurrection, 
1715, under John, Earl of Mar, he was appointed, 
14th September, by John, Duke of Argyll, Captain 
of the Castle of Edinburgh, and was ordered to 
reinforce the garrison with two companies of his 
regiment.^ He was considerably annoyed by the 
fact that many men from Glen-L^rquhart went and 
joined the Jacobite army. 



6 



^ Draft Memorial at Castle Grant. 

'-Commission at Castle Grant; see "Urquhart and Glennioriston," pp. 227 
228. 

" " Chiefs," I., p. 347 ; Extract Minute of Election at Castle Grant. For 
other references to him see "Calendar of Treasury Papers," 1708-1714, as 
per index, and 1714-1719. 

■* " Chiefs," I., pp. 355, 356 ; Commission at Castle Grant. 

5 « Chiefs," II., p. 32. 

6 " Urquhart and Glenmoriston," p. 230. 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 127" 

Macdonald of Keppoch entered Glen-Urqubart 
with three hundred men, committed great ravages, 
and carried off a large booty. ^ 

The Brigadier succeeded, as we have seen, on 
his father's death, November, 1716. 

On the 17th July, 1717, he was curtly informed 
that the King had no further occasion for his 
services."^ This black ingratitude was not un- 
expected by him, as in June, 1716, John, Duke of 
Argyll, had been suddenly, without any known 
cause, deprived of all his offices. In the spring of 
1719 he was seized with an illness which turned 
out to be fatal, and he died at Leith on his way 
north on 14th August, 1719.^ He was buried in the 
Chapel Royal at Holyrood, like his father, grand- 
father, and great-grandfather before him.* 

He married, first, Elizabeth Stuart, daughter 
of James, Lord Doune (son and heir of Alexander, 
fifth Earl of Moray), and Lady Katherine Tolle- 
mache.^ 

Their marriage contract is dated 30th September 
and 29th December, 1699, the marriagre havino- been 
previously solemnised on 3rd December, 1698.^ She 
had a tocher of £5000 sterling, bequeathed to her 
as a legacy by the Duchess of Lauderdale, her 
grandmother. She predeceased her husband, dying 
on 22nd April, 1708, without surviving issue, and 
was buried at Duthil.' 

^ " Major Eraser's Manuscript," Edinburgh, 1889, II., p. 71 ; Arbuthnot's 

" Life of Lovat," London, 1746, p. 215. 

2 " Chiefs," I., pp. 366, 367, and XL, p. 34. 

■' Ibid, I., p. 368. * Accounts for Funeral at Castle Grant. 

s " Chiefs," I., pp. 369, 370 ; see " Scots Peerage," VI., p. 323, article Moray. 

6 " Chiefs," III., pp. 485-487 
*■ Register of Deaths of the Parish of Boharm in Office of Registrar-General 
General Register House, Edinburgh. 



128 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 



He married, secondly, on 7th April, 1709, Anne 
Smith, daughter of the Kight Honourable John 
Smith, ^ sometime Speaker of the House of Commons, 
then Chancellor of the Exchequer. She was a 
maid-of-honour of Queen Anne. Her tocher was 
also £5000. She also predeceased the Brigadier, 
dying in June, 1717, also without surviving issue. 

Brigadier - General Alexander Grant was suc- 
ceeded by his next eldest surviving brother. 




BRIGADIER ALEXANDER GRANT OF GRANT. ELIZABETH STUART. 




ANNE SMITH. 



XVI. 2. SIR JAMES GRANT of Grant, 
second surviving son of Ludovick Grant of Grant. 

He was born 28th July, 1679.^ He was for some 
time designated of Pluscardine, as he was provided 
for with those lands. His father, Ludovick Grant, 
only managed this property for him as tutor and 
trustee for his son till the year 1709. In the 
following year James Grant sold the estate to Wil- 
liam Duff of Dipple, ancestor of the Duke of Fife. 

1 " Chiefs," III., pp. 492-495. 
-Ibid, I., pp. 371-373 ; III., pp. 253, 254, 48"^ 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 129 

In his twenty- third year he married, on 29th 
January, 1702, Anne Colquhoun, sole child and 
heiress of Sir Humphrey Colquhoun, twentieth of 
Colquhoun and twenty- second of Luss, fifth Baronet 
of Luss (Contract dated at Edinburgh, 10th 
January, 1702).^ Sir Humphrey had provided in 
the Contract that they and the children of their 
marriage should succeed to the Barony, of Luss. 
Sir Humphrey also, two years later, resigned his 
Baronetcy into the hands of the Crown for a new 
patent. Queen Anne, by a re-grant and new patent, 
dated 29th April, 1704, granted, renewed, and con- 
ferred upon Sir Humphrey and his sons to be born, 
whom failing, upon James Grant of Pluscarden 
and the heirs male of his marriao;e with Anne 
Colquhoun, only daughter of Sir Humphrey, whom 
failing, upon the other heirs therein specified, the 
hereditary title, dignity, and designation of knight 
baronet, with all precedencies belonging thereto. 
It will be seen that the claims of the heir male, 
John Colquhoun, second of Tillyquhoun (Tillie- 
hevven), son of Alexander Colquhoun of Tillyquhoun 
and grandson of Sir Alexander Colquhoun, first 
Baronet of Luss, were completely set aside, 
although, next to Sir Humphrey, he was the 
rightful Chief of the Clan Colquhoun. After Sir 
Humphrey's death, he assumed the style and 
designation of " Sir John Colquhoun of that ilk, 
Knight and Baronett." His son and subsequent 
lairds of Tillyquhoun followed his example. Bub 
this re-grant by Queen Anne had deprived them 

1 " Chiefs," III., pp. 487-491 ; " The Chiefs of Colquhoun," by Sir WilHaiii 
Fraser, Edinburgh, 1869, I., pp. 310, 311. 

9 



130 THE EARLS OF SE AFIELD 

of their rights. The Colquhouns of Tillyquhoun- 
became extinct in the male line in 1838. 

After his marriage with the heiress of Luss, Sir 
James, in terms of an entail made in his favour, by 
his father-in-law, of the estates of Luss, dated 4th 
and 27th December, 1706, assumed the surname of 
Colquhoun.^ He is subsequently mentioned as- 
concerned in several transactions as to lands in 
the Barony of Luss,^ 

He also accompanied his father-in-law on what 
was known as the " Lochlomond Expedition," a 
movement made against the Macgregors in 1715, tO' 
secure the boats on Lochlomond, and thus hinder 
that Clan, who had joined the Earl of Mar, in their 
predatory excursons.^ 

Upon the death of Sir Humphrey in 1718, his 
title descended, in terms of the re-grant, to his 
son-in-law, who was then designated Sir James- 
Colquhoun of Luss, Baronet.^ 

He held the lands of Luss for only one year. In 
1719 he succeeded to the estates of Grant on the 
death of his brother, the Brigadier-General. He 
was retoured heir to his brother by Special Service 
before the Bailie of the Begality of Grant on 24thj 
October, 1720, and was infeft in the Grant estates 
on 10th November following. He thereupon 
dropped the name and arms of Colquhoun of Luss, 
and resumed his paternal surname of Grant, in 
accordance with the terms of a clause in the entail 

1" Chiefs," L, pp. 371, 372; "Chiefs of Colquhoun," I., pp. 310-313. 
Boml of Tailzie recorded in the Register of Tailzies at Edinburgh, 26th. 
February, 1707. 

■- " Chiefs of Colquhoun," I., pp. 323-324. 

" Ibid. pp. 324-327. 

■* " Chiefs," I., p. 373 ; " Chiefs of Colquhoun," I., pp. 328, 329. 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 131 

executed by Sir Humphrey Colquhoun, which ex- 
pressly provided that the Estate of Luss should 
never be held by a Laird of Grant/ In terms of 
the entail, Sir James Grant's second son, Ludovick, 
now became the possessor of the barony of Luss, 
Humphrey Grant, the elder son, being the heir- 
apparent to the Grant estates. On his succession 
to these estates, Sir James also discontinued for a 
time the title of Baronet, but he afterwards resumed 
it, and contmued to hold the dignity till his death, 
in terms of the limitation in the re-grant in favour 
of him and heirs male of his marriage with Anne 
Colquhoun, 

Sir James Grant was returned Member of Parlia- 
ment for the County of Inverness on 12th April, 
1722. He continued to represent that County till 
the year 1741, when he resigned, and was returned 
Member for the Elgin Burghs, which he represented 
till his death in 1747.' 

When Prince Charles Edward landed in Scotland, 
Sir James Grant was in Morayshire, during one of 
his brief visits to the North.^ On learning the 
news, he at once went to Castle Grant, and con- 
certed with his son Ludovick as to what should be 
done. He then returned to his Parliamentary 
duties in London. Shortly after he left, his son 
forwarded him through the post a letter from Prince 
Charles Edward summoning him to the Standard.* 
This letter remained unanswered, as he sent it un- 

1 " Chiefs of Colquhoun," I., pp. 313 and 329. 

-Return of Election of Membens of Parliament, 1878, Part II., p. 60; and 

" Foster's Members of Parliament," p. 161. 

3 "Chiefs,"!., pp. 386-389. 

■* Ihid, I., p. 386, and facsimile, and II., p. 268. 



132 THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 

opened to the Marquis of Tweeddale, then Secretary 
of State. Sir James was strongly opposed to the 
Government scheme of the Independent Companies, 
as he considered the best way of utilising the ser- 
vices of the clans loyal to the Government was to 
summon the whole clan under its Chief, after the 
usual Highland custom, and engage them in active 
service. Then, as now, such views were not 
acceptable to the Government, who much preferred 
sending the Highlanders in drafts or companies 
instead of in clans or battalions. 

Sir James, on leaving Strathspey, counselled his 
son to remain passive unless he and the clan were 
called out together. It was not till the 12th 
February, 1746, that Sir James Grant's offer of his 
whole clan was accepted.^ 

In the end of 1746 or beginning of 1747, while 
still in London, he was seized with gout in the 
stomach, and died there on 16th January, 1747.^ 




SIR JAMES GRANT OP GRANT, BART., AS CRAIGELLACHIE. 

By his wife, Anne Colquhoun, who died at Castle 
Grant on 25th June, 1724, Sir James Grant had 
fourteen children, six sons and eight daughters.^ 

1 "Chiefs," II., p. 235 ; Letter from Mr Grant dated 16th February, 1746. 

-"Chiefs," I., p. 390. 

"* Leaf in old Bible at Rossdhu : Holograph entry by Sir James Colquhoun 

husband of Lady Helen Sutherland. 



THE EARLS OF SE AFIELD 133 

The sons were : 

I. Humphrey, 

who was born on Wednesday, 2nd December, 1702, 
and who died, unmarried, in September, 1732.^ 

II. LUDOVICK, 

who was born on Monday, 13th January, 1707, and 
who succeeded to the Estates of Luss, and after- 
wards to those of Grant. ^ 

III. Alexander, 
who was born on Saturday, 8th September, 1709, 
and died 12th March, 1712.' 

TV. James, 
who was born on Monday, 22nd February, 1714, 
and baptized on the 24th of the month. On the 
resignation of his brother Ludovick, who, through 
the death of their elder brother Humphrey, had 
become heir-apparent of the Grant Estates, he was, 
on 29th August, 1739, infeft in the lands and 
barony of Luss. He was created a Baronet of 
Great Britain on 27th June, 1786 ■* 

He married on 12th April, 1740, Lady Helen 
Sutherland, eldest daughter of William, Lord 
Strathnaver (eldest son of John [nineteenth] Earl of 
Sutherland), who had died, 1720.^ Their Contract 
of Marriage is dated at Edinburgh and at Castle 
Grant, the 3rd, 5th, and 10th of April, and 4th 
June, 1740. They had issue, and were the ancestors 
of the present Sir Ian Colquhoun, Bart, of Luss, 
lieutenant Scots Guards. 



1 " Chiefs," L, p. 390 ; HI., p. 254. -See infra. 

3 " Chiefs," I., p. 391 ; IIL, p. 254. 

^ Ibid, I., pp. 391, 397, 398 ; " Chiefs of Colquhoun," pp. 345-347, 372. 

''Ibid, L, pp. 347-349. 



134 THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 

Lady Helen survived her husband a few years, 
dying 7th January, 1791. He died at Rossdhu on 
the 16th November, 1786, aged 72/ 

V. Francis, 

who was born on Saturday, 10th August, 1717.^ 

He became a Lieutenant-Colonel in the Black 
Watch, and afterwards a Lieutenant-General in the 
Army, He obtained the Estate of Dunphail in the 
County of Elgin, and was M.P. for that County 
from 1768 to 1774. He also held property in 
Hampshire, and is styled of "Windmill Hill" there, 
in his will, which is dated 5th July, 1781. He 
died on 30th December the same year, having 
married, 17th March, 1763, Catherine Sophia, 
daughter of Joseph Cox of Stanford Vale, Berkshire, 
and Catherine Sophia Sheffield, daughter of John, 
Duke of Buckingham and Normanby. By his wife 
he left three sons and three daughters. 

VI. Charles Cathcart, of Cardeny, 

was born 3rd April, 1723, and became a Captain 
in the Boyal Navy. He died, unmarried, on 11th 
February, 1772. His brother. Sir Ludovick, was 
served heir to him on 16th May, 1772.^ 

The daughters were : 

VIL Janet, 
who was born 31st May, and died 5th October, 
1704.' 

VHL Jean, 
who was born on Friday, 28th September, 1705.^ 
She married, in 1722, William Duff, who was raised 

^ Luss Bible at Rossdhu ; Extract from a Bible at Dunrobin ; 
"Scots Magazine," Vol. XLVIIL, p. 571. • 
2 "Chiefs," I., p. 391 ; III., p. 254. ^ Ibid, I., p. 391 ; III., p. 254. 
*Ihid, I., p. 391 ; III., p. 254. ^ Ihid, I., p. 391 ; III., p. 254. 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 135 

to the Peerage of Ireland by the Queen Regent, 
Caroline, under the title of Baron Braco of Kilbryde 
in the County of Cavan, on 28th July, 1735. On 
26th April, 1759, he was advanced to the rank 
of Viscount Macduff and Earl Fife, also in the 
Peerage of Ireland. He died 30th September, 1760, 
and she on 16th January, 1788. She was his 
second wife, and bore to him seven sons and seven 
daughters. From their eldest son the present Duke 
of Fife, K.T., is descended. 

IX. Margaret, who was born on Monday, 19th 
January, 1708. and died on Wednesday, 7th Sep- 
tember, 1709.' 

X. Anne Drummond, 

who was born 2nd May, 1711, and who married 
(Contract dated 9th October, 1727) Sir Harry 
Lines of Innes, ancestor of the present Duke of 
Roxburo^he." 

She died in February, 1771. 

XL Elizabeth, 
who was born on Monday, 22nd January, 1713, and 
died on 1st February, 1713.^ 

XII. Sophia, 

who was born on 12th January, 1716, and died, 
unmarried, at Banff, on 25th March, 1772.* 

XIII. Penuel, 

who was born on Thursday, 12th August, 1719, and 
who married (Contract dated February, 1740) 
Captain Alexander Grant of Ballindalloch.^ Penuel 
is called in the Contract fourth surviving daughter, 

1 "Chiefs," I., pp. 392, 502 ; III., p. 254. - Ibid, I,, p. 392. 

■' [hid, I., p. 392 ; III., p. 254. 

Ubid ; "Scots Magazine," Vol. XXXIV., p. 166. 

5 "Chiefs," I., pp. 392, 502, 511 ; III., p. 254 ; see supra. 



136 THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 

her three elder sisters, Janet, Margaret, and Eliza- 
beth, having all predeceased her. Of the marriage of 
Penuel there was one son, William, who became a 
Major in the Army. He succeeded to Ballindalloch 
on the death of his father, 14th January, 175L 
Penuel Grant survived her husband, and received in 
1766 from her son a Bond of Annuity of 600 merks. 
She was alive in 1798, the last Codicil to her Will 
being dated 13th July in that year. She died at 
her house in George Square, Edinburgh. 

XIV. Clementina, 
who was born at Castle Grant, 12th April, 1721, 
and who married (Contract dated 13th October, 
1737), Sir William Dunbar of Durn in the County 
of Banff. ^ She was then the fifth surviving daughter, 
and died 1st June, 1765. Of this marriage there 
was issue one surviving son, who became Sir James 
Dunbar, Baronet, and died unmarried in 1812. 

XVII. SIR LUDOVICK GRANT of Grant, 
Baronet. 

born 13th January, 1707, and as the second son of 
Sir James Grant by his wife, Anne Colquhoun, 
heiress of Luss, he, in terms of the entail by Sir 
Humphrey Colquhoun, succeeded to the Luss Estates 
in 1719, when his father became Laird of Grant.^ 
After the death of his mother in 1724, Ludovick 
Grant was, on the 27th March, 1729, retoured as 
nearest heir male of entail to her in the lands and 
barony of Luss and others.^ He therefore assumed 
the name of Colquhoun, and became the twenty- 

1 " Chiefs," I., p. 392 ; IL, pp. 137, 138 ; III., p. 254. 

^Ibid, I., pp. 373, 393 ; " Chiefs of Colquhoun," I., pp. 311-313, 334. 

^ Copy Retour at Rossdhu. 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 137 

second Laird of Colquhoun and twenty-fourth of 
Luss. 

On the 6th July, 1727, he married, at Edinburgh, 
Marion Dairy mple, second of the three daughters of 
the Honourable Sir Hew Dalrymple, Baronet, of 
North Berwick, President of the Court of Session.^ 
The parents of both parties were highly incensed, 
as their consent had not been obtained, but they 
were eventually pacified, mainly by the exertions of 
Patrick Grant, afterwards Lord Elchies, and the 
Contract was signed 13th August, 1728.^ Ludovick 
Colquhoun studied for the Scots Bar, and was 
admitted a Member of the Faculty of Advocates in 
the year 1728.^ He resigned the lands and barony 
of Luss, etc., 22nd June, 1732, into the hands of the 
Commissioners of Frederick, Prince of Great Britain 
and Wales,* for a re-grant of the same to him and 
the other heirs of entail, as required by the settle- 
ment of his deceased grandfather. Sir Humphrey 
Colquhoun of Luss, and the same day obtained a 
Charter of Novodamus from Prince Frederick, with 
consent of his Commissioners, the Barons of the 
Exchequer, on which he afterwards received infeft- 
ment,^ 

In January, 1735, Ludovick Colquhoun's first 
wife died, and was buried in the Chapel Boyal at 
Holyrood on the 18th of the same month/"' On 
31st October following he married Lady Margaret 

1 " Chiefs," I., pp. .375, 393-396. - Ihid, III., pp. 495, 496. 

•* Faculty List. 

^ " Chiefs," L, p. 397 : Orifrinal Instrument of Resignation at llossdhu. 

•'' Original Charter, dated 22nd June, 1732, and Instrument of Sasine, dated 

2nd August, 1732, at Rossdhu. 

•* Accounts for Funeral of Lady Luss at Castle Grant, but Holyrood Reg., 1900 

edition, Scottish Record Society, p. 11, says 21st January, 1735. 



138 THE EARLS OF SE AFIELD 

Ogilvie, eldest daughter of James, fifth Earl of 
Findlater and Seafield, and his Countess, Lady- 
Elizabeth Hay, daughter of Thomas, sixth Earl of 
Kinnoul.^ In contemplatioQ of this event, and as 
Ludovick had now become the eldest son through 
the decease of his elder brother, Humphrey Grant, 
hi September, 1732, Sir James Grant settled upon 
him the Estates of Grant in fee, reserving to himself 
a life-rent interest. He finally, but not without 
great reluctance, and only because he was compelled 
to do so by a decree given against hira in the Court 
of Session, denuded himself of the barony of Luss in 
favour of his younger brother James, by a Disposition 
dated 25th and 30th January and 9th February, 
1738." In that Disposition he is styled Ludovick 
Grant, younger of Grant. He now withdrew from 
practising at the bar, as his father had entrusted 
him with the management of the Grant Estates, 
He became a Member of Parliament for the County 
of Moray, which he continued to represent till the 
year 1761.^ As we have seen, after the news of the 
landing of Prince Charles Edward, Ludovick's father. 
Sir James, handed over the headship of the clan to 
his son, and went south to fulfil important Parlia- 
mentary duties. Mr Grant wanted to support the 
Government, but at first he found it was impossible, 
as by the Disarming Act of 1725, the Grants, with 
the other loyal clans, had been left without weapons. 
Ludovick has been accused of sitting on the 
fence, and of only finally deciding aftei- the battle 

1 " Scots Peerage," IV.. p. 39, Title Findlater. 

2 "Chiefs." I., p 398; "Chiefs of Colquhoun," I., pp. 311-313 and 347 ; 
see Charter by Frederick, Prince of Wales, dated 13th February, 1738, at 
Rossdhu. 

•' Foster's "Members of Parliament," p. 161 ; see supra. 



THE EARLS OF SEAFJELD 139 

of Culloden whicli side he would support, and then 
of showing his zeal by pursuing and taking defence- 
less Jacobites.^ It must, however, be remembered 
that his grandfather, Ludovick, had suffered much 
in the cause of William III., who had refused to 
compensate him in spite of the recommendation of 
Parliament. His uncle, the Brigadier, made large 
sacrifices for George the First during the Rising of 
the Fifteen, and got little thanks for his pains. 
Moreover, it was the duty of a Highland Cliief 
to consider the interests of his clan, and on Ludovick 
Grant lay the responsibility of protecting his clan 
from such disastrous raids as had occurred during 
the Fifteen. It was known to him that there were 
several hostile clans only biding their time to wreak 
vengeance on the Clan Grant for the part they had 
taken in the events of 1715. 

Even as it was, the Clan and their Chief were 
ready enough to help the Government cause, but 
the ardour of Chief and Clan had been damped in 
that they were only asked to raise one of the 
twenty independent companies formed at this time, 
while the Macleods were asked to raise five in all.^ 
This was looked upon not only as a slight to a 
powerful clan, but as casting suspicion on its 
loyalty. 

It was, therefore, very natural that Ludovick 
should determine not to fiofht — at all events for the 
present. His father, in a letter written from 
London, which was intercepted by the Jacobites 
(and who knows if its interception was an accident 
or not ?), desired him " to stay at home and take 

^ " Urquhait and Glenmoriston," pp. 246, 217. 
- " Chiefs of Cokiuhoun," I., p. 336 ; " Chiefs of Oi-ant," I., pp. 414-417. 



140 THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 

care of his country, and join no party." ^ Grant, 
however, did raise his clan to prevent the Mac- 
phersons and Farquharsons invading Strathspey, 
and also to prevent their forcing men from Strath- 
don and Glenhvet to join the Jacobite Army.^ 

Towards the end of October, 1745, hearing that 
the Macdonalds, Frasers, and the men of Glen- 
moriston were threatening to destroy Urquhart if 
his tenants there did not join the Prince's army, 
he raised six or seven hundred men, and marched 
tov/ards Inverness on his way to Urquhart.^ On 
the 26th October, 1745, the Factor of Glen- 
Urquhart and Grant of Dell met him in his 
camp, some miles from Inverness, and brought the 
agreeable news that the Jacobites had left Glen- 
Urquhart, and marched north to Assynt. Mr 
Grant, therefore, dismissed his men, but he sent 
soon afterwards the independent company he had 
raised, under Grant of Rothiemurchus, to join Lord 
Loudoun. The company arrived at Inverness on 
the 3rd November, and was employed governing 
the Castle under Ludovick's uncle. Major George 
Grant. In the following February the Major 
surrendered the Castle to the Jacobites, whereupon 
some of the Grants went over to the Prince. 

Mr Grant was able at this time to prevent Lord 
Lewis Gordon, a son of the second Duke of Gordon, 
from pressing and harassing the Duke of Gordon's 

1 Letter, John Grant, Factor of Urquhart, to Ludovick Grant, dated I7th 
September, 1745. 

2 " Chiefs," I., pp. 408, 409 ; " Urquhart and Glenmoriston," p. 247. 
•'MS. Narrative by Sir Archibald Grant and Lachlan Grant; " CuUoden 

Papers," London, 1815, p. 430-433; "Chiefs," I., pp. 412, 414, and II., 
pp. 179-184 ; " Urquhart and Glenmoriston," pp. 260-262. 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 141 

tenants in Strathavon and Kincardine, with the 
intent of compelling them to join Prince Charles.^ 

On the 12th December, 1745, Mr Grant marched 
with five or six hundred men to Keith, in order to 
co-operate with the Laird of Macleod, and cover his 
passage across the Spey.^ He also occupied Cullen 
House, which was threatened by a small body of 
Jacobites.^ On the 18th December Mr Grant 
marched to Strathbogie, and caused the enemy to 
retire from that district towards Aberdeen. Here 
he received a letter from Lord Loudoun tacitly 
rebuking him for making this expedition without 
his commands, and intimating that it was impossible 
to take Mr Grant's clan into the Government's pay. 
Much against his will Ludovick was thus compelled 
to return to Castle Grant, leaving, however, a party 
of sixty men to protect the district. The folly of 
the Government was demonstrated when Lord 
Lewis Gordon, taking advantage of the withdrawal 
■of the Grants, surprised and defeated Macleod on 
the 23rd December at Liverurie. The detachment 
of Grants left behind covered Macleocl's retreat. 

On the 15th February, 1746, Mr Grant received 
from the Duke of Cumberland instructions, dated 
12th February, to raise his clan in arms for the 
King.* 

On the 24th February, finding himself threatened 
by the Jacobites, and perceiving he could not stand 
a siege at Castle Grant, he, with his wife and 

1 " Chiefs," I., p. 413 ; II., pp. 182, 185, 186 ; MS. Narrative by Lachlan 

Grant ; MS. Narrative by Sir Archibald Grant of Monyiiiu.sk. 

- "Chiefs," I., pp. 418-425 ; II., pp. 193-206. 

^ MS. Narrative by Sir Arch. Grant, and MS. Narrative of Lachlan Grant. 

■* See supra and " Chiefs," I., p. 431 ; II., p. 235. 



142 THE EARLS OF SE AFIELD 

daughter, accompanied by Lord and Lady Find- 
later and by about four hundred men, left the 
Castle, the rest of the clan being instructed to 
defend the house and neighbourhood as well as they 
could. ^ Mr Grant and his party advanced through 
Strathavon, but on reaching Newe, finding that he 
was threatened by no large body of rebels, he 
retained about one hundred and fifty of his men 
to escort himself and his family, and sent the 
remainder back to take care of their houses and 
goods. He joined the Duke of Cumberland at 
Aberdeen on March 1st. On the 9th March he was 
ordered to proceed to Inverurie. On or about the 
16th March he took possession of Castle Forbes.^ 
On the 14th March Lord George Murray and Lord 
Nairn took Castle Grant, but it was soon evacuated. 

Ludovick was also very much vexed by the fact 
than certain gentlemen of his clan, including Grant 
of Rothiemurchus and Grant of Dellachapple^ 
having fallen into the hands of the Jacobites, signed 
a treaty of neutrality.^ 

Grant, after being checked at Ballindalloch by 
parties of Jacobites while endeavouring to return to 
Castle Grant, returned to Strathbogie, where he 
remained till the 10th of April. On the next day 
he joined the Duke's army at Cullen.'* 

He and his men took no part in the battle of 
Culloden, but on the way to Inverness after that 

1 "Chiefs," I., pp. 431-433 ; II., pp. 241, 242 ; MS. Narrative by 

Lachlan Grant. 

2 " Chiefs," II., p. 249. 

■' Ibid, I., pp. 433-435 ; II., p. 253 ; MS. Narrative by Lachlau Grant ; 

Letter, by the Earl of Fincllater to Mr Grant, at Castle Grant. 

■» " Chiefs," I., pp. 433, 435-437 ; " Urquhart and Glenmoriston," pp. 278-290. 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 143- 

event, they captured Lord Balmerino and others/ 
They then searched for Jacobites and arras in 
Strathnairn and the Mackintosh country, and after- 
wards in the country north of Inverness, the Aird 
and the Fraser country. A number of people who 
had been forced into rebelHon were persuaded to 
surrender at discretion, and were marched under a 
strong guard to Moy. On the 4th May sixty-eight 
Glenmoriston men surrendered at Balmacaan, as 
did sixteen men of Urquhart, being persuaded by 
Ludovick's advice that they had nothing to fear 
from the Koyal clemency. Contrary to their ex- 
pectation, Ludovick did not intercede for them.^ 
When he reached London he found all condemned 
his conduct, so he interceded, but too late. Grant 
of Shewglie, his son, and the minister of Urquhart, 
the Reverend John Grant, who had petitioned the- 
Duke of Newcastle, were released from their cells, 
at Tilbury Fort, and allowed to reside in London. 
The remainder were without trial shipped off as 
slaves to Barbados. Such was their treatment that 
only eighteen were alive in 1749, and of these only 
seven or eight returned home. 

Ludovick Grant's zeal for the Government met 
with little reward.^ His request to be refunded 
£494 8s for his outlays when rebel-hunting was 
treated with contempt. Early in July his estate of 
Urquhart was overrun by Kingston's Light Horse, 
who burnt the houses and carried away the horses, 

1 Urquhart aud Glenmoriston," pp. 495-498, App. H ; " Chiefs of 

Colquhoun," I., pp. 341, 342. 

2 " Chiefs," II., pp. 365-367. 

^ " Urquhart and Glenmoriston," pp. 291, 292, and 499-502, App. I ; Original 

Report at Castle Grant. 



144 THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 

cattle, and household effects of the tenants.^ In 
October a levy of one hundred blankets was made 
on Urquhart for the King's troops, and a similar 
demand for one hundred and fifty blankets was 
made on the people of Strathspey the following 
January. For these losses and exactions Ludovick 
and his tenants in vain sought redress. He suc- 
ceeded as Sir Ludovick Grant of Grant, Baronet, 
16th January, 1747. 

When John Grant, Baron Elchies, decided to 
sell the estate of Easter Elchies, Sir Ludovick was 
anxious to purchase it that it might still belong 
to a Grant.^ Although at the time he was dis- 
appointedj as the estate was sold to the Earl of 
Findlater, Easter Elchies reverted to the family of 
Grant on the succession of Sir Ludovick's grandson 
to the title and estates of Seafield in the year 1811. 
In 1761 Sir Ludovick resigned his seat in 
Parliament owing to ill-health, but his son James 
succeeded him in the representation of Morayshire. 

He died, much lamented, at Castle Grant, 18th 
March, 1773, after an illness of eight days, and was 
interred in the family burial aisle at Duthil Parish 
Church.^ 

By his first marriage with Marion Dalrymple Sir 
Ludovick had 

I. A daughter Anne, 
born 1728.'' She died unmarried in London, 6th 
December, 1748, at the age of twenty, 

1 Memorial by Ludovick Grant to the Duke of Newcastle — Copy at 

Castle Grant. 

2 " Chiefs," L, pp. Ixxiv. and 437 ; XL, p. 269, 270. 

■^ Ibid, I., p. 437. 

"^Ibid, L, pp. 398, 439 ; II., pp. 132, 425 ; "Chiefs of Colquhoun," 

I., p. 345. 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 



145 



II. Another child who died in infanc}^^ 

As we have seen, Sir Ludovick's first wife died 

January, 1735, and on the 31st October following 

he married, at Castle Grant, Lady Margaret 

Ogilvie.^ Simon, Lord Lovat, Ludovick's uncle, in 




^m<i^'^ 



SIR LUDOVICK GRANT OF GRANT. 





MARION DALKYMPLE. 






I-ADY MARGARET OGILVIE. 



a letter dated from Beaufort, 1st November, 1735, 
alludes to the weddinof festivities he celebrated 
then, and how he gave a ball " which concluded 
with most of the gentilmen's being dead drunk." ^ 
Lady Margaret died at London, 20th February, 
1757/ The only son of this marriage was 

^ Account of Funeral Charges for a cliikl of the Hon. IMr Colquhoun of Lu-ss, 

dated 7tli December, 1733, at Castle Grant. 

- " Chiefs," I., pp. 439, 440. ^ //„•,/, II., pp. 337, 338. 

■* " Scots Magazine," XIX., ]■. Ill, 

10 



146 THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 

III. James, 

who was born on 19th May, 1738.^ 

He succeeded to the title and estates of Grant. 
The daughters of the second marriage were 

IV. Mariana, 

who died, unmarried, at Oulnakyle, Strathspey, 
28th March, 1807.' 

V. Penuel, 

born at London, 20th September, 1750 ; died 3rd 
April, 1835 ; married on 6th January, 1776, Henry 
Mackenzie of the Exchequer in Scotland, author of 
the "Man of Feeling" and other popular works, and 
had issue.^ 

Joshua Henry, one of their sons, became a Lord 
of Session under the name of Lord Mackenzie. 

VI. Margaret, 

born at London, 11th May, 1752. Died unmarried/ 

VIL Helen, 
born May, 1754, who married on 9th Septem.ber, 
1773, Sir Alexander Penrose-Cumming Gordon of 
Altyre and Gordonstoun, First Baronet.^ When 
this match was announced to Mrs Penuel Grant of 
Ballindalloch, the aunt of Helen Grant, she wrote to 
Penuel Grant, sister of Helen, on 31st August, 
1773 : — "I have not for a great while heard any- 
thing which gave me such joy, and it makes me 
particularly happy to hear he is a young man much 
to her brother's mind, which circumstance weighs 
like heavy gold with me for hopes of success and 
good luck in every part of the intended match. "*^ 

1 " Chiefs," I., p. 440. '^ Ihid. 

Ahid,l.,ix4.il. ^ Ibid. 

° Ibid. •> Original Letter at Castle Grant. 



THE EARLS OF SE AFIELD 147 

Lady Cummiiig died 1st January, 1832, leaving 
issue. 

VIII. Anna- Hope, 

born at London, 6th July, 1756, who married, 3rd 
April, 1781, the Very Reverend Robert Darly 
Waddilove, D.D., Dean of Ripon, and died in 1797, 
leaving issue. ^ 

IX. Mary, 

who died, unmarried, at Edinburgh, on 12th, and 
was buried at Holyrood, 14th December, 1784.^ 

X. Elizabeth, 

who died, unmarried, on 27th March, 1804.^ 



XVIII. SIR JAMES GRANT of Grant, 
Baronet, 

commonly ctilled "The Good Sir James. "^ Born 
19th Mav, 1738. Educated at Westminster and 
at Cambridge University. 

He married, 4th January, 1763, at Bath, Jane 
Duff, only daughter and heiress of Alexander Duff 
by his wife, Lady Anne, eldest daughter of William 
Duff, first Earl Fife.' After his marriage, Mr Grant 
resided chiefly at Castle Grant, his father having 
given up to him the management of the Grant 
estates. 

He founded the town of Grantown in 1766, 
upon what was then a barren moor.^ 

1 '• Chiefs," L, pp. 440, 441. 

'^Ibid, I., p. 441, and " Holyrood Buiial Reg.," p. 19. 

3 " Chiefs," I., p. 441. * Unci, I., pp. 442-444. 

■' Ibid, I., pp. 44ti, 447. 
« Ihid, I., pp. xci., 447, 448 : TL, pp. 4.50, 4r)l. 



148 THE EARLS OF SE AFIELD 

He also prepared plans, 1769, for the erection of 
a town on his Urquhart property, to be called 
Lewistown.^ 

He represented in Parliament at different periods 
the counties of Moray and Banff.^ On the death 
of his father. Sir Ludovick Grant, on 18th March, 
1773, James Grant succeeded to the baronetcy, and 
to the Grant estates. He found the estates very 
heavily burdened, as a result of the loyal service 
of the Chiefs of Grant to the Government. He, 
therefore, gave up his seat in Parliament in order 
to avoid the expense of living in London, and as a 
chief means of relief Sir James determined to sell 
all the outlying portions of his possessions, retaining 
in the family only their territories in Strathspey.^ 
He sold, between 1774 and 1785, Moy, Mulben, 
Westfield, Dunphail, and Achmades, lands then 
representing a value of £52,500. His father. Sir 
Ludovick, and his grandfather, the first Sir James, 
had previously sold the estates of Pluscardine, 
Allachie, Alanbuie, Ballintomb, and Arndilly for 
£24,000. £20,000 was also obtained by selling 
Lady Grant's own estate. In spite of his difficulties 
he found himself able to gradually redeem the 
wadsets on the Strathspey lands as they expired.^ 
Among the wadsets thus redeemed was that on the 
lands of Tullochgorm, held by a branch of the Clan. 

Sir James Grant made every effort to obtain 
from Government some compensation for the large 

^"Chiefs," I., pp. Ixxvi., Ixxvii., Ixxxii., Ixxxiii.. 44S, 449 ; "Urquhart and 

Glenmoriston," pp. 443, 444. 

" •' Chiefs," L, pp. 449-451 ; see Foster's " Members of Parliament," p. 161. 

^ Memorandum by Colquhoun Grant, W.S., Edinburgh, agent for Sir James, 

22nd May, 1782, at Castle Grant. 

^ " Chiefs," I., pp. Ixix., xciv. 



THE EARLS OF SE AFIELD 149 

sums expended by his family in tlie public service.^ 
His brother-in-law, Mr Henry Mackenzie, author of 
the " Man of Feeling," did his best to assist his 
application. On the 22nd August, 1784, Mr Mac- 
kenzie advised Sir James Grant to name a sum to 
be accepted in full of his claims, which were 
submitted to the Barons of the Exchequer to be 
reported on. and they reported that Sir James had 
a just claim for £12,540, for which no compensation 
had been made, save occasional releases for feu- 
duties, etc. Mr Mackenzie suggested that Sir 
James should, in default of a fixed sum, accept as 
compensation an office or pension of £500 or £600 
yearly. The Grant papers and correspondence do 
not clearly show the result, but it is probable that 
the appointment of General Cashier for the Excise 
in Scotland, conferred upon and accepted by Sir 
James Grant in 1795, was intended as compensation 
for the losses of the family. On his receiving this 
appointment, he resigned his seat as Member for 
Banffshire, having been elected in 1790, and after 
this resided much in Edinburgh. 

During his tour in the Highlands Robert Burns 
paid Sir James Grant and family a fleeting visit at 
Castle Grant. He brought with him a letter of 
introduction from Mr Henry Mackenzie.^ 

In 1793, when France declared war on Britain, 
he levied the first regiment of Fencibles, and in the 
following year he raised the 97th regiment. He 

1 " Chiefs," L, pp. 451, 452 ; II., pp. 474-477, 484, 485. 

'^ Ibid, I., pp. 452, 453. Works of Rev. John Skinner, Aberdeen: T. 

Chalmers & Co. ; 1809. II. p. 105. 



150 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 



was appointed Lord-Lieutenant of Inverness-shire in 
1793, an office which he resigned in 1809/ 

Lady Grant died suddenly at Castle Grant on 
the 15th February, 1805, deeply regretted by her 
husband and by all who knew her.^ 

Her husband died on 18th February, 1811, at 
Castle Grant, and was buried at Duthil.^ A man 
of high character, he was greatly mourned, being 



4y^ 7/^ec^^^ 



V 



SIR JAMES GRANT OF GRANT. 




JANE DUFF OF HATTON. 



greatly respected and beloved by all around him. 
He was a Presbyterian, and a regular attendant of 
the Parish Churches of Cromdale and Inverallan. 

Sir James and Lady Grant had a large family of 
seven sons and seven daughters. Of these several 
died young. The sons were 

1 See General Stewart of Garth's -'Sketches of the Highlanders," Edinburgh, 
1825, II., pp. 284, 285, 380-388, 488-490, and Browne's " History of the High- 
lands and Highland Clans," Edinburgh, 1848, Vol. IV., pp. 353 and 370, 371 ; 
"Chiefs," I., pp. 454-457. Printed Copies Eoyal Warrant dated 1st March, 
1793, at Castle Grant. 

2 " Chiefs," I., pp. 457, 458 ; II., p. 281. Original Letter at Altyre. 

3 General Stewart's "Sketches of the Highlanders," IL, pp. 383, 384. 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 151 

I. Lewis Alexander, 

born 22nd March, 1767, who succeeded his father in 
the Grant Estates in 1811, and in the same year 
succeeded his cousin as heir general to the title and 
estates of the fourth Earl of Seafield.^ 

II. Alexander, 

"second son," the exact date of whose birth has not 
been ascertained, but who died in infancy at Castle 
Grant, 21st March, 1772.- 

III. James Thomas, 

born 10th August, 1776, was educated at Hich- 
mond, near London, went to India in 1792.^ He 
became a magistrate at Furruckabad, and in 1801 
was appointed Kegistrar of the Provincial Court of 
Benares. He died in India, unmarried, on 28th 
July, 1804. 

ly. The Hon. Francis William, "* 
born 6th March, 1778.^ In 1840 he succeeded his 
eldest brother in the Grant and Seafield Estates, 
and also as sixth Earl of Seafield. 

V. The Hon. Robert Henry, 
occasionally described as "fourth son," born 5th 
August, 1783.'^ He died, unmarried, on 11th 
February, 1862. 

VI. Alexander Hope, 

born 8th August, 1784 ; died at Castle Grant, 22nd 
August, 1793.' 

^ See ii'fra, and "Chiefs," I., p. 460. 

■-"Chiefs," I., p. 460. 

■^ Ibid, I., p. 460 ; see II., pp. 510, 511, 516-523, 526. 

^ On 3rd July, 1822, King George the Fourth advanced the brothers and 
sisters of Lewis Alexander, then Eai-1 of Seafield, to the same rank which they 
would have attained had their fatlier, Sir .latnes Grant, lived to be Earl of 
Seafield. 

5 " Chiefs," I., p. 460 (see infra). 

« Ibid. 

^ Ibid. 



152 THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 

VII. DuNDAS Charles, 

youngest son, bom 21st October, 1787 ; died at 
Castle Grant, 21st March, 1788.' 
The daughters were 

VIII. Lady Anne Margaret, 

born 25th July, 1764.^ Died unuianied at Grant 
Lodge, Elgin, on 23rd November, 1827, and her 
remains were interred in the family vault at Duthil 
Church. She was a lady of great personal beauty 
and accomplishments. Of the devotion she inspired 
among the Strathspey men, a noteworthy instance 
occurred in the year 1820.^ She, with her sisters 
Margaret and Penuel, was then residing at Grant 
Lodge, in Elgin. In those days political feeling ran 
high, and at the time a contested election was 
taking place in Elgin Burghs. The contest lay 
between Mr Farquharson of Finzean, brought 
forward by Lord Kintore, and supported by Lord 
Seafield's interest, on the one side, and General 
Duff, backed by Lord Fife, on the other. The Elgin 
burghers strongly favoured the cause of the latter, 
and during the heat of the election the Grant ladies 
dared scarcely appear in the streets of the town, 
without being annoyed by the rabble. Grant Lodge 
was, in fact, completely beleaguered by the towns- 
people ; not a soul was allowed to go in or out of 
the house, and those of the Town Council who were 
favourable to Colonel Grant were forcibly seized 
and carried across the Moray Firth in an open boat 
to Sutherland. Lady Anne contrived the escape of 
one of her grooms at night with a note to young 
Patrick Grant, son of Major Grant, Auchterblair, 

' " Chiefs," L, p. 460. 
- " Chiefs," I., pp. 460, 46L =* Ihid, pp. 464-466. 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 153 

describing her situation, and saying she was sure 
his father's son, mere boy though he was (he was a 
little over "fifteen years at the time"), would not 
hear of the daughters and sisters of his chief being 
insulted without making an effort to come to their 
relief A similar note was written to Captain 
Grant, Congash, the Factor of Strathspey. The 
fiery cross was sent round, and in the course of a 
few hours some five or six hundred men were on 
their march from Strathspey to Elgin. It being a 
Sabbath morning, some of the people were assem- 
bling at the various churches at the time, but 
instead of worshipping they joined in the march. 
Arriving at Elgin, they marched through the town 
to Grant Lodge, which they found besieged by the 
townspeople, who, alarmed by the numbers and 
resolute bearing of the Highlanders, instantly fled. 
Lady Anne gave the Strathspey men a hearty 
welcome. The Provost of Elo-in, in fear and 
trembling that the town would be sacked, is said to 
have contrived to get access to Grant Lodge by a 
back entrance, and on his knees to have implored 
Lady Anne to induce the Highlanders to spare the 
town and return to Strathspey. The Sherifi' of the 
county backed up this appeal. Lady Anne con- 
sented to send them home after food was provided 
"for them. They then started for Strathspey. Lady 
Anne sent orders to Forres and every inn on the 
road to give the Highlanders everything they 
wanted. At Forres they had a real good night of 
it, eatino' and drinking- and dancino- till morning. 
They went on to Strathspey without a halt, so that 
the men from the remoter parts nuist have walked 
eighty miles without going to bed. This is said to 



154 THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 

have been the last raid by Highlanders as a clan. 
The young Patrick Grant who took part in it was 
known afterwards as Field Marshal Sir Patrick 
Grant, G.C.B., G.C.M.G., K.C.B., who was Adjutant- 
General in India 1845-51 ; was appointed A.D.C. 
to the Queen, 1851 ; was Commander-in-Chief at 
Madras, 1856-1857 and 1857-61 ; and Commander- 
in-Chief in Bengal, 1867. He was Governor and 
Commander-in-Chief at Malta, 1867-72, and in 1874 
was appointed Governor of Chelsea Hospital, He 
was appointed Colonel, Boyal Horse Guards, and 
Gold Stick-in-Waiting on the Queen, 1885. Sir 
Patrick Grant with his own hand furnished an 
account of this march to Sir William Fraser, and 
was always pioud of this, his "first campaign," the 
"Raid to Elgin." 

On the occasion of King George IV.'s visit to 
Scotland in 1822, at one of the presentations which 
took place during his stay at Holyrood, or at the 
ball given to His Majesty by the Peers of Scotland, 
the King asked one of the lords-in-waiting to point 
out the lady on whose account so many Highlanders 
went down to Elgin two years before. The lady 
was pointed out, and the King emphatically re- 
marked, " Well, truly she is an object fit to raise 
the chivalry of a clan." 

IX. Lady Margaeet, 
born 27th May, 1772. She married, 10th July, 
1795, Major-General Francis Stuart of Lesmurdie, 
and had issue.^ She died 3rd December, 1830, and 
was buried at Elgin. 

1 " Chiefs," I., p. 461. 



THE EARLS OF SE AFIELD 155 

X. Jane, 

born 1st Mai'ch, 1774. She died at Grant Lodge, 
Elgin, 22nd May, 1819, aged 45, unmarried, and 
was interred in the family vault at Duthil Church.^ 

XI, Lady Penuel, 

born 2 1st December, 1779; died, unmarried, on 
27th January, 1844.' 

XIL Christina Teresa, 
born 13th January, 1781 ; died at Grant Lodge, 
Elgin, 16th July, 1793, unmarried. 

Xin. Magdalen, 
a daughter, living in 1796 ; died unmarried.^ 

XIV. Mary Sophia, 
died at Castle Grant, 26th February, 1788, un- 
married.^ 

XIX. 1. SIR LEWIS ALEXANDER GRANT, 

Baronet, 

known as the thirteenth Laird of Grant, was born 
at Moy, 22nd March, 1767. He was educated at 
Westminster and at Edinburgh.^ 

He early gave signs of great promise. He was 
admitted to Lincoln's Inn in 1783. In the year 
1788 he was elected Provost of Forres, and in 
January, 1789, was called to the Scots Bar.^' In 
1790 he was elected M.P. for Morayshire. Unfor- 
tunately, in the summer of 1791, his health began 
to fail, and rest from study and Parliamentary 
labours not availinsf to restore him, he was com- 
pelled to retire from public life. His brother. 
Colonel Francis William Grant, was appointed 
curator of his estates on his succession to them. 

' " Chiefs," I., p. 46L - Ibid. "■ /bid. ^ Ibid. 
■' Ibkl, I., pp. 467-472. 6 Ibid, IL pp. 501 -.i04, .-j07, 508. 



156 THE Ei^RLS OF SEAFIELD 

He succeeded his father in the Baronetcy and 
Grant estates on the 18th February, 1811, and on 
the death of his cousin James, seventh Earl of 
Findlater and fourth Earl of Seafield, without issue, 
on 5th October, 1811, Sir Lewis, as heir general, 





SIR LEWIS AL?:XANDER GRANT OF GRANT, FIFTH EARL OF SEAFIELD. 

succeeded to his estates, with the titles of EARL 
OF SEAFIELD, VISCOUNT REIDHAVEN, 
VISCOUNT SEAFIELD, and BARON OGILVIE 
OF DESKFORD AND CULLEN. He then 
assumed the surname of Ogilvie in addition to 
his own. He seems to have stayed at different 
residences on his property, but chiefly with his 
sisters at Grant Lodge in Elgin. He died, un- 
married, at Cullen House, on 26th October, 1840, 
aged 73, and was succeeded by his younger brother, 

XIX. 2. COLONEL SIR FRANCIS WILLIAM 
GRANT, Baronet, 

second Earl of Seafield of the Grant line, who 
was born on 6th March, 1778.^ On 1st March, 
1793, he obtained a Commission in the Strathspey 
Fencibles, then in course of being raised by his 
father, and on 14th February, 1794, he was 
appointed a Captain in the 97th or Strathspey 
Regiment.^ At the same time he was made an 

1 " Chiefs," I., pp. 473-482 ; II., p. 512. 
^ Commissions at Cullen House. 




ARMS OF OGILVIE GRANT, EARL OF SEAFIELDc 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 157 

ensign in an independent company of foot about to 
be embodied, and on the 19th February he received 
a Lieutenant's Commission in a similar company. 
On the 29th November, 1794, he was appointed 
Major in the regiment of Fencibles, raised by Eraser 
of Lovat, and on 1st October, 1795, was made 
Lieutenant-Colonel in the same regiment, but to hold 
this rank only while the regiment was embodied. 
On 23rd January, 1799, however, he received a 
Commission as Lieutenant-Colonel in a regiment of 
Fencibles commanded by Colonel Archibald Mac- 
Neill of Colonsay, with permanent rank in the 
Army. This regiment, described as the Third 
Argyllshire Fencibles,^ unlike other Fencible Regi- 
ments, was required to serve in any part of Europe. 
Lieutenant-Colonel Grant accompanied his regiment 
to Gibraltar, and served there 1800, 1801.^ In 
September of the latter year it was ordered home 
and reduced. He was elected M.P. for the Elgin 
Burghs, 1802. In 1806 he was elected M.P. for the 
Inverness Burghs.^ In 1807 he was elected M.P. 
for the County of Elgin, which he continued to 
represent till the year 1832. In 1833 he was elected 
M.P. for the United Counties of Elgin and Naii'n, 
which he continued to represent till his succession 
as Earl of Seafield in 1840. He was thus a member 
of the House of Commons for thirty-eight years. 

On 20th June, 1803, he received from his father, 
as Lord-Lieutenant of Liverness-shire, a Commission 
as Colonel of the regiment of North British Militia, 
formed in Inverness-shire in conjunction with the 

^ General Stewart's "Sketches of the Highlanders," II., p. 471. 

- " Chiefs," II., p. 519. 

■' Foster's " Members of Parliameut," p. ir)9. 



158 THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 

Shires of Banff, Elgin and Nairn, which appointment 
his father had resigned.^ In 1809, Sir James also 
resigned the office of Lord-Lieutenant of Inverness- 
shire, which was thereupon conferred upon his son, 
who, the same year, received the full rank of Colonel 
in the Army. 

He held the office of Curator to his brother, 
Lewis Alexander, Earl of Seafield, for twenty-nine 
yea,rs. During this period and after his own acces- 
sion to the title and estates, which took place 26th 
October, 1840, he not only helped and encouraged 
his tenants to improve their holdings, but he was 
known as the largest planter of trees in Britain in 
the last century, the annals of the Highland and 
Agricultural Society of Scotland recording in 1847 
that, at that date, 31,686,482 young trees, Scotch 
fir, larch and hardwood, had been planted under the 
Earl's direction over an area of 8,223 acres. On this 
account the Highland Society awarded Lord Seafield 
their gold medal. He also not only embellished and 
beautified the grounds of Cullen House, but built 
an addition to the house itself. He improved the 
harbours of Cullen and Portsoy. He is said to have 
spent on the latter £17,000. He removed the town 
of Cullen, which in old days was in close proximity 
to Cullen House, down to its present situation by 
the sea, and at the same time he greatly improved 
it's appearance. 

His benevolence and public spirit were acknow- 
ledged by the grants of freedom of the Burghs of 
Cullen, Kintore, Forres, Elgin, Nairn, Banff, and 
Kirkcudbright.^ He had been stationed in the 

1 Commission at Cullen House ; see also " Chiefs," II., pp. 523, 524. 
2 Burgess Acts, etc., of various dates from 1795-1S17, at Culleu House. 



THE EARLS OF SE AFIELD 159 

latter place with the Eraser Fencibles In 1795. 
While at Gibraltar in 1801 he was raised to the 
degree of Master Mason in connection with the 
" Mother Lodge of St John, No. 24." 

On 5th August, 1841, the first year after his 
succession to the earldom, he was chosen one of the 
sixteen representative peers of Scotland, a position 
he held until his death in 1853. In politics he was 
a Conservative. In the early part of Sir Robert 
Peel's career he w^as a warm supporter of his, and 
adhered to him in 1829 when others receded. It 
was proposed at that time to honour him with a 
peerage, and the patent was prepared, when the 
Ministry came to a sudden close. 

His Lordship died at Cullen House after a short 
illness on the 30th July, 1853. The funeral took 
place at Duthil on the 3rd August, and was very 
largely attended by a people who, deeply attached 
to him, mourned his loss. 




FRANCIS WILLIAM, SIXTH EARL OF SEAFIELD. 

Lord Seafield was twice married. His first wife 
was Mary Anne, only daughter of John Charles 
Dunn of Higham House, Sussex, the marriage 
taking place 10th May, 1811. She was born 
6th March, 1795, died 27th May, 1840, before the 
accession of Jier husband to the earldom, and was 
buried at Duthil. His Lordship married, secondly, 
on 17th August, 1843, Louisa Emma, second 



160 THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 

■daughter of Robert George Maunsell, Co Limerick/ 
By this lady he had no issue. She survived him, 
and married, secondly, 31st January, 1856, Major 
Godfrey Hugh Massy, of the 19th Foot, who died 
4th June, 1862, and thirdly, 5th July, 1864, Lord 
Henry Loftus, fifth son of the second Marquis of 
Ely, from whom she was divorced. He died 28th 
February, 1880, and she died 2nd August, 1884, 
aged 66. 

By his first wife. Lord Seatield had a family of 
six sons and one daughter. 

The sons were 

L James Grant, 
born 16th April, 1812, at London ; died there 15th 
March, 1815.' 

XX. 1. IL Francis William, 
styled Master of Grant, born 5th October, 1814.^ 
He was M.P. for Liverness-shire from 1838 till 11th 
March, 1840, when he died unmarried.'* Like his 
father and grandfather, Mr Grant was warmly 
attached to the Church of Scotland, and was elected 
a representative elder to the General Assem.bly in 
1839. Unhappily, his promising career was cut 
short. He died aged 25, being found dead in his 
bed at Cullen House, having come up from London 
with his brother, Mr John Charles Grant, to attend 
his mother's funeral. He was suffering from a 
slight indisposition at the time, and the immediate 
cause of his death was supposed to be an obstruction 
about the heart. Mother and son were buried at 
the new mausoleum at Duthil the same day. The 

^ " Burke's Peerage," 1908, article Seafield, p. 1543. 

- " Chiefs," I., p. 482. ^Ibid, I., pp. 483-486. 

* Foster's " Members of Parliament," p. 159. 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 161 

funeral was largely attended by a sorrowful and 
sympathetic crowd of mourners. 

III. John Charles, 

born 4th September, 1815. He succeeded his father 
as seventh Earl of Seafield.^ 

IV. The Hon. James Ogilvie Grant, 
afterwards succeeded his nephew as ninth Earl of 
Seafield." 

V. The Hon. Lewis Alexander, 
Lieutenant Royal Horse Guards, born 18th Septem- 
ber, 18 20.' He married on 15th August, 1849, 
Georgina, fourth daughter of E^obert George 
Maunsell of Limerick. She died Gtli March, 1885. 
He died 24th December, 1902, leaving issue 

1. Francis Charles, 

born 17th May, died 4th June, 1853. 

2. Alexander Lewis Henry, 

born 1st August, 1854; married 30th October, 
1889, Hilda Annie, daughter of Sir Thomas 
Erskine Perry, formerly Chief Justice of Bombay. 
He died without issue, 3rd March, 1904. 

3. Robert George, 

born 10th October, 1856 ; died in Ceylon, July. 
1888. 

4. Mary Louisa Eleanora, 

born 13th July, 1858; married 28th July, 1885, 
Henry Maitland Sperling of Edgeworth Manoi\ 
Gloucestershire ; now of Coombe Trenchard, 
Lew Don, North Devon. 

5. Maria Jane Anne Stuart, 
borji 7th December, 18G1. 

^ " Chiefs," I., p. 483 ; see infra. " llnd. 
'"Cliiefs," I., p. 483, and "Burke's Peerage." article Seafield. 

11 



162 THE EARLS OF SE AFIELD 

YI. The Hon. George Henry Essex, 
born 13th February, 1825.^ He married on 2nd 
October, 1855, Eleanora, fourth daughter of the late 
Sir Wilham Gordon Gordon Gumming, Bart. He 
resided at Easter Elchies, Craigellachie, and was a 
Captain, 42nd Highlanders. He died 31st May, 
1873, survived by his wife, who died 5th April, 
1889. They left issue 

1. Henry Oswin, 

late 2nd West India Regiment, born 2nd April, 
1859. 

2. William E^obert, 

born 25th March, 1863 ; assistant in depart- 
ment of Zoology, British Museum ; married, 1st 
October, 1890, Maud Louisa, eldest daughter of 
Admiral Mark Robert Pechell, and has issue 
(i.) Charles Randolph Mark, 
born 15th March, 1905. 

(ii.) Eleanora, 
born 22nd September, 1892. 
(iii.) Marjorie Elspeth, 
born 25th June, 1894. 
(iv.) Alison Jean, 
born 6th March, 1896. 

3. George Randolph Seymour, 

born 20th June, 1866 ; married, 22nd Feb., 
1909, Carmen, elder daughter of Jose T. 
Errazurez of Bryanston Square, London, W. 

4. Alice Elizabeth, 

born December, 1856 ; married, 6th July, 1889, 
the Right Honourable Lord Walter Gordon 
Lennox, P.C., fourth son of the sixth Duke of 

1 " Chiefs," I., p. 483 ; " Burke's Peerage," article Seafield. 



THE EARLS OF SE AFIELD 163 

Richmond and Lennox and first Duke of 
Gordon, and has issue. 

5. Muriel Frances Charlotte, 
born 21st May, 1861; married, June, 1892, 
Geoffrey St Quintin, son of Lieutenant-Colonel 
St Quintin, 17th Lancers, of Scampston Hall, 
Yorkshire, and has issue. 
YII. The Hon. Edwj^rd Alexander, 
born i7th June, 1833 : died 26th April, 1844.' 

VIIL Lady Jane, 
born at Cullen House 8th September, 1813; married, 
20th July, 1843, Major-General Sir Edward Walter 
Forestier Walker, K.C.B. She died 16th Septem- 
ber, 1861. He died 27th July, 1881, having 
married again. He had issue by his first wife four 
sons, of whom the eldest, General Sir Frederick 
William Edward Forestier Forestier - Walker, 
G.C.M.G., K.C.B., born 17th April, 1844, died at 
Tenby, Tuesday, 30th August, 1910. He was 
Governor of Gibraltar, 1905-9 ; G.O. Commanding- 
in-Chief and High Commissioner, Mediterranean; 
Colonel of the Kings's Own Scottish Borderers. He 
had a distinguished military career, was twice 
mentioned in despatches; was awarded the C.B. 
for his services in the South African War, 1877-9; 
was honourably mentioned and awarded the C.M.G., 
also medal and clasp, for his services with the 
Bechuanaland Expedition, 1884-5 ; was mentioned 
twice in despatches and awarded the G.C.M.G., also 
medal with two clasps, for his services in the South 
African War, 1899-1902. He was a Knight of 
Grace of St John of Jerusalem, and a Knight 

1 " Chiefs," L, p. 483. 



164 THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 

Grand Cross Spanish Military Order of Merit. 
He married, 15th February, 1887, Mabel Louisa, 
daughter of Colonel A. E. R-oss, late Northumberland 
Fusiliers, and left issue. 

XX. 2. Sm JOHN CHARLES GRANT- 
OGILVIE, Baronet, 
seventh Earl of Seafield, Viscount of Reidhaven, 
Lord Ogilvie of Deskford and Cullen, First Baron 
Strathspey of Strathspey, K.T.,boru 4th September, 
1814.^ He adopted the Navy as a profession, 
entering as a midshipman about the age of fourteen, 
and for some time served on board the vessel com 
manded by Sir John Franklin.^ After the death, in 
1840, of his elder brother, Francis William, Mr 
Grant retired from the Navy, and a few months 
later, by his father's accession to the estates and 
honours of Seafield, he enjoyed the courtesy title 
of Viscount Reidhaven and Master of Grant. 

Li 1841 he contested Banffshire unsuccessfully 
as a Conservative against Mr James Duff, after- 
wards Earl Fife. He was only defeated by 43 votes. 

On 30th July, 1853, he succeeded his father as 
seventh Earl of Seafield, and in the same year was 
elected one of the representative Peers of Scotland. 
He held that position till 14th August, 1858, when 
he was created a Peer of the United Kingdom, 
under the title of BARON STRATHSPEY OF 
STRATHSPEY, an occasion celebrated with great 
rejoicings in the district.^ 

He continued the work of his father in effecting 
extensive improvements on the estates, both in the 

1 " Chiefs," I., p. 487. 

2 Letter from Colonel Grant, dated 19th February, 1836, at Cullen House. 

■' " Chiefs," I., pp. xvii., xcii., 488. 




JOHN CHARLES, Seventh Earl of Seafield, aud his Sou, IAN CHARLES, 
Viscount of Reidhaven, afterwards Eighth Earl of Seafield. 



THE EAliLS OF SBAFIELD 



1G5 



way of new houses, steadings, roads, the reclamation 
of waste land, and in enlarging the extensive plan- 
tations the late Earl had made.^ He took a leading 
part in the promotion of the Highland Railway, as 
he saw the great benefits that this railway would 
confer on his people. 




ERECTED 
AT THE REQUEST 
^^ OF 

THE LAT 

iy^sL WILLIAM GRANT SLOCK 

FOR AMEIVIORIAL OF A SIGNAL 

MANIFESTATION OF THE 

DIVINE POWER IN DIVIDING 

THIS WATER AND CAUSING 

A PASSAGE WHEREBY THE 

REMAINS OF A CERTAIN 

WOMAN WERE CARRIED 

OVERONDRYCROUND 





THE MIRACLE STONE OF THE SPEY. 

Ei-ected near Boat of Garten, 9th March, 1865. Broken and cast into the 

river 19th Feb., 1867. 

From a drawing by the late Sir Arthur Mitchell, K.C.B., M.D., LL.D. 

The "Agricultural Gazette" of March 5th, 1877, 
states that in the Duthil district alone fourteen 
million fir trees had been planted since 1866, and 
that a self-sown crop was continually coming up. 
He was a very successful breeder of Highland cattle. 
He took a great interest in Highland games, and in 

' " Chiefs," I., pp. 488, 489 ; see " Unjuhart and Glenmori.'iton," p. 459, 

footnote. 



166 THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 

keeping up the pipes, the Highland dress and High- 
land industries.^ He also took a great interest in, 
and rendered important services to, the cause of 
education. He was an office-bearer of the Church of 
Scotland, and was frequently a ruling elder at the 
General Assembly.^ In 1879 Her Majesty, the late 
Queen Victoria, invested Lord Seafield with the 
Order of the Thistle.^ 

His residences were CuUen House,* which he and 
his wife, Lady Seafield, greatly improved and re- 
stored. Castle Grant in Strathspey, and Balmacaan 
in Glen-Urquhart.^ 

Lord Seafield died after a short illness at Cullen 
House, on the evening of February 18th, 1881. "^ 
The "good Earl" was greatly regretted, and nearly 
10,000 people took part in the funeral obsequies on 
25th and 20th February, on which latter date he 
was laid to rest at Duthil, with all the mournful 
ceremony befitting a great Highland Chief 

His Lordship married, on 12th August, 1850, the 
Honourable Caroline Stuart, youngest daughter of 




JOHN CHARLES, SEVENTH EARL OF SEAFIELD. 

^ " Chiefs," I., pp. 489, 490. 

^Ihid, I., pp. 490, 491. 

^Ibid, I, p. 491. 

*Ibid, I., pp. 491-49.3. 

^ He it was who first resolved to carry out the design of preserving an 
enduring record of his family and their muniments. This task he entrusted 
to the late Sir William Fraser, K.C.B., LL.D., a work which was completed in 
the lifetime of his son and successor, the Eighth Earl. To this work, " The 
Chiefs of Grant," 3 Volumes, published Edinburgh, 1883, the writer of this 
article has been greatly indebted. (" Chiefs," I., p. xvii.). 

^ See " Urquhart and Glenmoriston," p. 508. 




IAN CHARI^ES, EIGHTH EARI, OF SEAFIEI,D. 



THE EARLS OF SE AFIELD 167 

the eleventh Lord Blantyre/ Theh^ only child suc- 
ceeded him as Eavl of Seafield and Laird of Grant. 




HON. CAROLINE STUART, COUNTESS OF SEAFIELD. 

XXI. SIR IAN CHARLES GRANT-OGILVIE, 

Baronet, 
Eighth Earl of Seafield, etc., Second Baron Strath- 
spey of Strathspey, twenty-seventh Chief of the 
Clan Grant, was born in Moray Place, Edinburgh, 
on 7th October, 1851." He was educated at Eton, 
and received his first commission as a cornet and 
sub-lieutenant in the First Regiment of Life Guards 
on 8th December, 1869. He was promoted Lieu- 
tenant in October, 1871, and retired from the 
service in January, 1877. 

The day on which he attained his majority was 
celebrated with great rejoicings throughout the 
length and breadth of the Grant and Seafield 
estates. The young Chief, Viscount R^eidhaven and 
Master of Grant, as he was then, received from the 
tenants of the Strathspey estates a presentation of 
his portrait, painted by the late Sir Francis Grant, 
President of the Royal Academy.^ The presentation 

1 " Chiefs," I., p. 493. 

- Ibid, I., pp. 495-498 ; see also " In ^lemoriam, Ian Charles, Eighth 
Earl of Seafield, Twenty-seventh Chief of the Clan Grant," pp. 1-5. 

■'• The letter which offered the portrait for acceptance bore nearly one 
thousand signatures, the great pi-oportion l)eing of the name of Grant 
(" Chiefs," L, p. 495, footnote). 



168 THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 

was made by Field Marshall (then General) Sir 
Patrick Grant. The tenantry on the Cullen and 
Morayshire estates at the same time made a 
handsome presentation of silver plate. These 
presentations took place, and a banquet was given 
by Lord Seafield in a pavilion 120 feet in length 
by 60 feet in breadth, and in the evening huge 
bonfires illuminated the surrounding country. He 
succeeded his father on his death, the 18th Feb- 
ruary, 1881. Before this event he had acted as 
Convener of the County of Inverness. He was also 
a Deputy Lieutenant of Banffshire and Inverness- 
shire. He was an active office-bearer of the Church 
of Scotland. He was devotedly attached to his 
clan and tenantry, and continued the poHcy of his 
predecessors on his estates.^ He took an active 
interest in politics. He was a Conservative, but 
believed in gradual, progressive, and not too hasty 
reforms. His promising career, however, was all too 
soon cut short. He was suddenly seized with a 
fatal illness, which, on 3 1st March, 1884, ended in 
his death. He was buried at Duthil, and his 
funeral was attended by a sorrowing throng of 
kinsmen, clansmen, tenants, and friends from far 
and near. 



zz. 




IAN CHARLES, EIGHTH EARL, AS BARON OF STRATHSPEY. 

On his death, unmarried, the Barony of Strath- 
spey became extinct. The Grant and Seafield 

1 " Urquhart and GleniiiorLston," p. 459, footnote. 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 16D 

estates he bequeathed to his mother, CaroHne, 
Countess of Seafield, the present proprietrix.^ 

He was succeeded in the title and headship of 
the clan by his uncle. 

XX. 3. SIR JAMES OGILVIE-GRANT, 
Baronet, 

ninth Earl of Seafield, born 27th December, 1817. 
He was M.P. for Elgin and Nairn, 1868-1874. He 
was a Deputy Lieutenant, and Lieutenant-Cclonel, 
Elgin Volunteers. 

He succeeded his nephew as Earl of Seafield, 
31st March, 1884.- 

He was created a Peer of the United Kingdom, 
17th June, 1884, under the title previously borne 
by his brother and nephew, BARON STRATH- 
SPEY OF STRATHSPEY.^ 

His Lordship died 5th June, 1888. 

He married, first, 6th April, 1841, Caroline 
Louisa, second daughter of Eyre Evans of Ash 
Hill Tow^ers, County Limerick, a grandnephew of 
George, first Lord Carbery. She died on 6th 
February, 1850. 

By her he had issue, 

I. Francis William, tenth Earl. 

IL Mary Anne, born 7th, died 24th May, 1842. 

He married, secondly, on 13th April, 1853, 
Constance Helena, fourth daughter of Sir Robert 
Abercromby of Birkenbog, who died on 13th Feb- 
ruary, 1872. 

^See " Urquhart and Glenmoriston," p. 508. 

- " Burke's Peerage," article Seafield ; " Urquhart and Glenmoriston." p. .')08 ;. 

" Chiefs," 1., p. 50-2. 

■' " Lodge's Peerage," article Seafield. 



170 THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 

By her he had issue, 

III. Robert Abercromby, 
late Capiain, Second BattaHon Gordon Highlanders, 
born 4th September, 1855 ; served in Afghan War, 
1879-80, and Boer War, 1881. 

The Eai-l married thirdly, on 15th December, 
1875, Georgiana Adelaide Forester, widow of 
William Stuart of Aldenham Abbey, Herts, and 
Tempford Hall, Bedfordshire, and daughter of the 
late General F. N. Walker, K.C.H., of Manor 
House, Bushey. 

She died 7th September, 1903. 

He w^as succeeded by his elder son, 

XXL SIR FRANCIS WILLIAM OGILVIE- 
GRANT, Baronet, 

Tenth Earl of Soeafield, born 9th March, 1847; 
married, 24th November, 1874, his cousin, Ann 
Trevor Corry, only daughter of Major George 
Thomas Evans of Otago, New Zealand, succeeded 
his father 5th June, 1888, and died 3rd December, 
1888, having had issue, ^ 

I. Jajvees, 

eleventh and present Earl. 

II. Hon. Trevor, 

born 2nd March, 1879, married 19th December, 
1905, Alice Louisa, third daughter of the late T. M. 
Hardy Johnstone, M.I.C.E., of Christchurch, New 
Zealand, and has issue, 

Lena Barbara Joan, 
born 2nd July, 1907. 
HI. Hon. John Charles, 
born 1887, died 8th December, 1893. 

^ " Burke's Peerage," article Seafield ; " Lodge's Peerage," article Seafield. 



THE EARLS OF SEA FIELD 171 

ly. Lady Caroline Louisa, 
born 19th May, 1877. 

V. Lady Sydney Montagu, 
bom 23rd July, 1882. 

VL Lady Ina Eleanora 
(twin with her sister), died 30th September, 1893. 

VII. Lady Nina Geraldine. 
born 6th June, 1884. 

XXII. SIR JAMES OGILVIE-GRANT, 

Baronet, 
Eleventh Earl of Seafield, Viscount Reidhaven, 
Viscount Seafield and Baron Ogilvie of Deskford 
and Cullen in the Peerage of Scotland, Baron 
Strathspey of Strathspey in the Counties of Inver- 
ness and Moray in the Peerage of the United 
Kingdom and a Baronet of Nova Scotia, born 18th 
April, 1876, succeeded his father 3rd November, 
1888, married June 22nd, 1898, Mary Elizabeth 
Nina, eldest daughter of the late Henry Joseph 
Townend, M.D., J.P., of Christchurch, New Zealand, 
and has issue, 

Lady Nina Caroline, 
born 17th April, 1906. 

Creations. — Viscount Seafield and Lord Ogilvie 
of Cullen, 24th June, 1698 ; Earl of Seafield, 
Viscount Eeidhaven, and Lord Ogilvie of Deskford 
and Cullen, 24th June, 1701, all in the Peerage of 
Scotland ; Baron Strathspey of Strathspey in the 
Counties of Inverness and Moray in the Peerage of 
the United Kingdom, 17th June, 1884 ; Baronet of 
Nova Scotia, 30th August, 1625. 



172 THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 

Arms.— {See "Chiefs," L, p. 498) Eecorded in 
" Lyon Register" — Quarterly, quartered, first and 
fourth grand quarters, quarterly first and fourth 
argent, a lion passant guardant, gules, crowned with 
an imperial crown or ; second and third argent, a 
cross engrailed sable, for Ogilvie ; second and third 
grand quarters gules, three antique crowns or ; for 
Grant. The shield is encircled with an orange 
tawny ribbon, pendant therefrom the badge of a 
Baronet of Nova Scotia. 

Crests. — On the dexter side, upon a torse argent 
and gules, a lion rampant guardant of the second, 
holding in his paws a plummet or, and having 
above it an escrol " Tout Jour,'' for Ogilvie. On 
the sinister side, upon a torse gules and or, a 
burning hill proper, having on an escrol above it, 
" Craig-elachie," for Grant. 

Sup'porters. — On the dexter side a lion rampant 
guardant, or, armed gules, and on the sinister a 
savage or naked man, bearing upon his left shoulder 
a club, proper, and wreathed about the head and 
middle with laurel, vert. 

Mottoes. — Tout Jour, for Ogilvie. 

Stand fast, Craig- Elachie, for Grant. 

Badges. — For Grant— Seotah Fir and Cranberry. 
For Ogilvie — The Ev^ergreen Alkanet. 

War Cry. — Craig-Elachie — the rock of alarm. 



APPENDICES 



APPENDICES 



APPENDIX I. 
THE FIRST GRANTS OF BALLINDALLOCH, 

ALSO THE FIRST GRANTS OF DALVEY, AFTERWARDS 
OF DUNLUGAS. 

Patrick,^ assigned as son to John Grant, younger of Freuchie, 
is stated to have been a twin brother of Jolin Grant, second of 
Freuchie, and is claimed as the ancestor of the older family of 
Grants of Ballindalloch. Patrick Grant in Ballindalloch appears 
about 1520 as a prominent member of the Grant family. He 
acquired and held Ballindalloch from the Grants of Freuchie. 
Patrick Grant in Ballindalloch- was one of the sureties for com- 
pletion of the marriage between Donald Cameron, son of Ewen 
Allanson, Captain of Clan Cameron, and Agnes Grant, third 
daughter of John Grant, second of Freuchie, named in the 
Indenture 22nd October, 1520. On the 17th February, 1529-30,3 
he bought from Robert Stewart of Clawauch the lands of half 
the town (ville) of Urquhart and the lands of Cantraydown in the 
Barony of Clawaiich (Clava) in the Sheriffdom of Nairn. 

There is a story related, to which, however. Sir William Eraser 
gives no credence, of Patrick Grant of Ballindalloch being tutor 
to his nephew John Grant, second of Freucliie, during his 
minority, and usurping the family property, from which he is 
said to have been removed by John Grant's grandfather, the 
Laird of Mackintosh. 

This story is alluded to in the Kinrara MS.,"* which says that 
William, then tutor, afterwards 13th Laird of Mackintosli, sent 
200 men under the leadership of Dougall Macgillicallum with the 
Laird of Grant (then sixteen years of age) to recover his paternal 
heritage from his tutor, Grant of Ballindalloch, who, however, is 
called James. They accomplished their object, and on the way 
there John Mor Gi'ant, ancestor of Glenmoriston, is said to have 

1" Chiefs of Grant," I., pp. Ivi., 79, 92, 9S ; III., pp. 67, 68, 70, 12, 76, 268. 

- Ibid, I., pp. 90 and 91 ; III. pp. 64 and 65. See infrn. 

« R. M. S., March lOtli, 1.529-30. ■• Jhiefarlane's "Gen. Coll.," I., pp. 207 and 208. 



176 THE EARLS OF SEA.FIELD 

been " begotten by the Laird of Grant on a daughter of the 
Baron of Kincairn" (Kincardine) where the party were staying 
for the night.^ This Wilham, tutor of Mackintosh, was a nephew 
of Muriel Mackintosh, and therefore apparently a first cousin of 
the young Laird of Grant. 

From a Commission given to John Grant,- fourth of Freuchie, 
dated 8th June, 1555, in which the words occur, "except so much 
as John Grant of Ballindalloch and his father occupy," Patrick 
must have been still alive at that date. 

It is not known whom he married. 

He left issue four sons and two daughters. 

I. John Grant, first designed of Ballindalloch. 6th November, 
1532, is the date of a Charter of Sale-' to him by Robert Stewart 
of Clavach (Clava) of the half of the town of Easter Urquhart and 
the lands of Cantradoun. For Charter of Sale to his father of 
said lands, 17th February, 1529-30, see supra. On 27th July, 
1545,* he sold these lands to James Grant, third of Freuchie. In 
this Charter he is designated of Ballindalloch.'^ 

Before 5th March, 1539-40,*' he acquired from Patrick, Bishop 
of Moray, under compulsion, the lands of Advie, Tulchan, Calledir, 
Rirory, and Ardvoky, in the Barony of Strathspey. This Charter 
was confirmed 31st April, 1540, by Cardinal Antonius. 

On 1st August, 1535, James Grant of Freuchie" obliged him- 
self to make up his title and infeft John Grant and his heirs in 
Ballindalloch, and to give him also leases of the lands of Pitchaish, 
Foyness, and Tullochcarron, which last with Drumgrane he 
bought from John (^iordon of Pitlurg, 23rd Jul}', 1 545. He also 
had the lands of Bogside. ^ 

1 Cf. Macfarlane's " Gen. Coll.," I., p. 109. 

2" Chiefs," I., p. 130, and III., p. 116. 

■'For confirmation see R. M. S., 2nd January, 1537-8. 

4R. M. S., 21st August, 1546. 

•'^ "Chiefs," I., p. 118 ; .see also R. M. S., 22nd August, 1542. 

6 "Chiefs," I., pp. Ixiv., Ixv., 109 ; III., pp. 85, 86, 277, 278, 280-282. 
See infra for the grant of Dalvej' made at the same time to his brother, 
Patrick Grant. See also "Registrum Moraviense," pp. 391, 392, 399. 

'' " Chiefs," I., p. 103, and III., pp. 78-80 : R. M. S., 14th May, 1547. 

* " Chiefs," III., p. 397. For his signature to a General Bond by noble- 
men and barons of the North, 8th December, 1544, see "Spalding Club 
Miscellany," IV., pp. 212, 213. 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 177 

He also, 4th March, 154:8-9,^ obtained a charter of the lands of 
Glenmoriston. He was slam on 11th September, 1559, in a 
quarrel with the Grants of Carron.- He married, first, Isabella, 
daughter of John Grant of Culcabock and Glenmoriston and 
Isabella Innes, by whom he had issue one son. 

I. George, who claimed the estates of his grandfather, John 
Grant of Culcabock, but unsuccessfully.-^ 

It appears, however, that the appellant's mother was divorced,"^ 
as on the 19th ^lay, 1538, in a charter by Archibald Campbell of 
Glenlyon to her in liferent of the lands of " Cestall, Ballemakin- 
teyr, Inveringias," etc., the reason is given tl^at it is in view of 
future matrimony (inttiiUo matrimonii futuri). 

He seems to have predeceased his father'^ (that is to say, 
vanless he is the same as George Grant in Invernan, afterwards in 
Aldoch, but in that case he must have been passed over in favour 
of his younger and legitimated In-other by the second wife, 
Patrick). 

John Grant of Ballindalloch married, secondly, in 1541, 
Barbara Gordon, widow of William Hay, Lord of Lorny. She is 
mentioned as his wife in a Charter of Feu-fann to them of the 
lands of Kirkton and Inveravon by the Bishop of Moray, 16th 
July, 1545. She is also mentioned as his wife in tlie Charters of 
Tullochcarron, Balaville (Belleville), Drumgrane, etc., :^3rd July, 
1545, and of Glenmoriston, 4th March, 1548-9.'5 

She is also mentioned as his wife" in a Charter of Sale to them 
of 12th May, 1559, of the lands of Inverernan and others. These 
lands he bought from Katherine McKalloun.^ His son Patrick 
sold them on 27th August, 1577, to Archibald Douglas of Pitten- 
dreich, but on 4th September, 1579,^ he granted them to his 
second wife, Margaret Gordon. 

iR. M. S., 4th March, 1548-9. 
■2 "Chiefs," I., pp. 130, 226, 520 ; III., p. 283. See also Macfarlane's "Gen. 

Coll.," I., pp. 292-296, and Mackay's " Urquhart and Glenmoriston," p. 114. 

3 " Chiefs," III., pp. 373-376. See infra and Pleadings in an Ap])eal Ijefore 

the Consistorial Court of Moray on 9th May, 1549. 

■• R. M. S., 26th August, 1538. ^ ggg j-„y,.„ 

•«" Chiefs," III., pp. 397, 440 ; "Registrum Moraviense," p. 408 : R. M. S., 

14th May, 1547, 4th March, 1548-9, and 9th March, 1553-4. 

' R. M. S., 20th August, 1577. ^R. M. S., 12th September, 1577. 

9R. M.S., 11th April, 1581. 

12 



178 THE EARLS OF SEA FIELD 

By Barbara Gordon John Grant had issue 

2. Patrick Grant of Ballindalloch. 

He was the eldest son of John Grant and Barbara Gordon, but 
having been born previous to their marriage, letters of legitima- 
tion nnder the Great Seal were granted in his favour on 22nd 
October, 1542. 

On 9th March, 1553-4,^ his father gave him a Charter of Sale 
of the lands of TuUochcarron, Bellavill, Drumgrane, and Avon, 
with the salmon fishings in Spey and Avon. In the Confirmation 
of 7th March, 1565-6, his wife, Griselda Grant, is mentioned. 

On 27th April, 1576,^ he granted his wife, Margaret Gordon, 
the lands of Bogside, in Morayshire. 

He engaged in Huntly's rebellion in 1568,^ but obtained a 
remission in the following year; and on 21st March, 1584, 
pledged himself with the clan to defend their chief, the Laird of 
Freuchie. 

On the 23rd February, 1568,"' he signed an obligation to John 
Grant of Freuchie to give a Bond of Manrent on his entry to the 
lands of Ballnadallach (Ballindalloch). Fraser says he had a 
Charter^ from John Grant of Freuchie of Ballindalloch, 1568, and 
another from the Earl of Himtly of the lands of Auldcruth and 
Thomalemen on 21st May, 1575. 

He died, it is said, on 8th September, 1586. 

He married, first, Grissel Grant,*^ daughter of John Grant, 
fourth of Freuchie, the original Contract being dated 17th March,, 
1558-9. 

And secondly (before 4th September, 1579), Margaret Gordon,'^ 
widow of Walter Innes of Auchroisk. The original Charter in the 
Contract of Marriage and the Contract are dated 27th April, 
1576. The confirmation shows that Patrick Grant of Ballin- 
dalloch died before 29th January, 1587-8. Fraser states that 
she survived Ballindalloch and married John Gordon, son of 
Thomas Gordon of Cluny, and this is confirmed by Spottiswood, 

iR. M. S., 9th March, 1553-4, ami 7th March, 1565-6. 

"R. M. S., 29th January, 1587-8. 

3 " Chiefs," IIL, pp. 135-137, 157. 

■* Ibid, IIL, pp. 135-136. (See also " Exchequer Rolls," XXL, p. 533). 

•' " Chiefs," I., p. 520. 

« Ibid, I., p. 154, and IIL, pp. 397-399. 

^R. M. S., 11th April, 1581, and 29th January, 1587-8. 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 



179 



p. 383.1 John Gordon was slain ontside Darnaway Castle, whither 
Huntly had gone against the Earls of Atholl, Moray, and the 
Lairds of Calder (Cawdor), Freuchie, Mackintosh, and Dunbar, 
24th November, 1590. 

He left issue, five sons and four daughters, of whom 
(I.) Patrick Grant of Ballindalloch was infeft in Ballindalloch. 
According to Sir William Eraser, the date of this infeftment was 
3rd April, 1591. 









/ 



PATRICK GRANT OF BALLINDALLOCH. 

On 2iid May, 1594, he was served heir ^ to his father in lands 
of Drumnagrain and Awin, with fishings on the Spey and Awin. 

On 5th September, 1595, he received a Crown Charter^ of the 
Barony of Tullochcarron to himself and Helen Ogilvie, his spouse. 

In 1613, he, with John Grant of Ereuchie and other members 
of the clan, is pardoned* for intercomnnming with the Clan 
Gregor, for which offence he had, on 1st September, 1613, been 
fined £5000. 

Montrose, in 1645, burnt his three houses of Ballindalloch, 
Pitchaish, and Eoyness.^ During his time, the lands of Ballin- 
dalloch passed into the hands of his brother James, and he was 
present at his brother's infeftment in these lands on 8th May, 

^See "Chiefs," I., pp. 165, 166, 520, and Gordon's "Historj^ of the 
Earldom of Sutherland," pp. 214, 215, 216; see also "Reg. Priv. Council," 
Vol. IV., pp. 570, 571 ; Macfarlane's "Gen. Coll.," I., pp. 246-247, and the 
■'Mackintoshes and Clan Chattan," p. 164 ; see also infra for her quarrels 
with her brother-in-law, John of Foyness, tutor of Ballindalloch. 

^"Retours," Banff. 

3R. M. S., 5th September, 1595. 

•»" Chiefs," I., p. 188 ; III., pp. 214', 215; "Reg. Priv. Coun.," X., pp. 
142-144, Cf. Vol. XIV., pp. 631, 652. 

5 "Chiefs," I., p. 200 : " Memorialls of the Trubbles," II., p. 447. 



180 THE EARLS OF SE AFIELD 

1632. He appears to have died before 1649. His wife, Helen 
Ogilvie, predeceased him, dying before 1621. He left issue, two 
sons and five daughters, of whom 

John Grant of Ballindalloch,^ born about 1596, obtained a 
Charter from his father, in 1619, of the lands of Ballindalloch. 

He redeemed the lands from his uncle James in 1633. 

In 1621, he and his spouse were infeft in the lands of 
Tullochcarron. 

In 1643, he is still designed "Younger" and "Fiar of Ballin- 
dalloch." 

On 23rd July, 1649, he received a Charter ^ of the lands of 
Morinch. This appears to be in fulfilment of an Act of Parlia- 
ment of 5th March, 1647.^ 

He married (Contract dated 26th and 28th July, 1616), 
Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Walter Innes of Achintoul, and left 
issue. 

In 1 662, he styles himself Elder of Ballindalloch, and states 
that he is above sixty years of age. He appears to have survived 
until 1679. 

On 20th November, 1624, he acquired Gardens'* from Patrick 
Grant of Cardells. On 12th November, 1629, Sir John Grant, 
sixth of Freuchie, obtained infeftment in this Barony. 

In August, 1628, he attacked John Grant^ of Carron, the 
nephew of the outlaw, Sheumas an Tuim, who had proceeded to 
the Wood of Abernethy, accompanied by several of his friends, to 
cut timber. Carron was slain, and so also were several of 
Ballindalloch's friends, including Thomas Grant of Dalvey. 
Young Ballindalloch was afterwards charged, at the instance of 
the widow of John Grant of Carron, with the murder of her 
husband, but he procured a remission from Charles I. for himself, 
his brother Patrick, William Grant of Cardells, and Archibald 
Grant of Dalvey. In a Petition of 18th February, 1630, he 

' " Chiefs," Vol. L, p. 520. 

2R. M. S., 23rdJuly, 1649. 

3 Cf. "Acta Pari.," Vol. 5, pt. 1, p. 720a. 

■« " Chiefs," L, p. 208. See infra. 

5 "Chiefs," L, pp. 225, 226, 228, 229; Spalding's " Memorialls of the 
Trubbles," I., pp. 11, 12, 20, 21 ; "Reg. Privy Council," Second Series, IL, 
pp. 490-493 ; III., pp. 461, 462 ; " Registrum Secreti Sigilli," Lib. CIIL, fol. 
232, 31st July, 1631. See also Sir Robert Gordon's " Genealogical History 
of the Earldom of Sutherland," pp. 414-416, 459. 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 181 

stated that "the slaughter was ixnintentional ! " Between 1615 
and 1618, James (Sheumas) Grant is said to have killed one of 
the Grants of Ballindalloch, who had attacked his brother Thomas 
at a fair at Elgin. ^ 

In December, 1634, Sheumas an Tuim- entrapped Ballindalloch, 
younger, into an ambuscade, and conveying him to a disused kiln 
near Elgin, kept him imprisoned for twenty-two days. At the end of 
that time, with the connivance of one of his guards, with whom he 
couvei'sed in Latin and arranged his plans, he effected his escape. 
His grandson, John Roy Grant, seventh of Ballindalloch, finally 
found the estates inextricably encumbered. They were taken 




^ojH^ta^TiJocf (^poj^ 



JOHN GRANT OF BALLINDALLOCH. 

possession of by his creditors, and ultimately acquired by Colonel 
William Grant,^ younger son of James Grant of Rothiemurchus, 
and ancestor of the present possessor of Ballindalloch. John Roy 
Grant died before 26th April, 1737, having married Anna- 
Francisca, second daughter of Count Patrick Leslie of Balquhain, 
with issue one son.'* 

(II.) James Grant of Morinch, also of Inverei-nan.-^ 
He purchased, \mder reversion, from his brother Patrick, fourth 
of Ballindalloch, in 1604, the lands of Pitchaish and Foyness. 

On 4th September, 1627, he was retoured heir in Ballin- 
dalloch to his grandfather,*^ John Grant of Ballindalloch, and in a 
Precept from Chancery was infeft in these lands in 1632. 

On 31st October, 1606, he was retoured heir male to his 
father," Patrick Grant of Ballindalloch, in the lands of Inver- 
ernan, Glenernan, etc., in the Parish of Tarland, Aberdeenshire. 
The date of his death must have been between 19th March, 

' See " Urquhart and (Uenmoristoii," p. 141. 
- '■ Chiefr," I., p. 'I'i'l. Spaldings " Memurialls of the Trubble^■," 1., pp. 'Si, 54. 

II., p. 438. 

■^ See infra^ 

■* " Commissaiiat of Edinburgh Consistorial Proce.s.ses and Decreet.-^," 7^. See 

Process of Divorce, 1696. 

■' " Chief?," 1., p. 520. " " HeLours," Elgin. 

' "Ketours," Aberdcei:. 



182 THE EARLS OE SE AFIELD 

1628, when he is mentioned in a Contract between Sir John 
Grant of Freuqnhy and John Grant, fiar of BalUndalloch,! and 
the date of his son's service as heir to him, i.e., 22nd April, 1628. 

He left a son, 

John Grant of Inverernan, who was retoured on 22nd April, 
1628, as heir to his father in these lands. ^ 

(III.) John Grant. 

Fraser says he appears as a witness to Charters in 1603 
and 1604. 

He appears subsequently to have acquired Dalnabo,^ as we are 
told of the Grants of Carron, " and now laitlie these rebellis 
haveing foregathered with Johne Grant of Dalnabo, brother to 
Ballindallache, they seazed apoun his persoun, tyed his hands 
behind his backe with bowstrings and cruellie and unmercifullie 
murdreist him in cold blood everie ane of them striking him 
through the bodie with their durkes ; thairafter they cutted atf 
his hands, eares and nose and carried the same with thanie as a 
trophic of thair victorie." (From a letter of Council, dated 
Holyrood House, 29th July [1628], to the Earl of Moray anent 
James Grant [brother to Grant of Carron] and his associates). 

It appears from a Submission for a Decree Arbitral between 
Patrick Grant of Tullochgorm and Lauchlan Grant of Wester 
Elchies and others, of 11th October, 1608, and also from a Decree 
Arbitral by John Grant of Freuchie, in a Submission between 
Patrick Grant of Tullochgorm and Patrick Grant of Carne, 28th 
October, 1608, that Johne Grant occupied Auchloney, his designa- 
tion being "in Auchloney," while his brother, Robert Grant, is 
designed as in Dalnabo.* 

(IV.) Robert Grant, 
mentioned in his father's testament.^ Designed as in Dalnabo 
in October, 1608. 

(V.) Duncan Grant. 

He appears as a witness in a Discharge by Patrick Grant of 
Ballindalloch, in 1594, as his brother. 

^'■Chiefs," III., p. 40, "Retours," Aberdeen. 

-'■ Retours,"r Aberdeen. 

^"Reg. Privy Council of Scotland," Second Series, Vol. II., p. 41L See 
also pp. xlv. and 492. See " Mem«rialls of the Trubbles," p. 12, and "History 
of the Earl of Sutherland," pp. 414-416. 

-• " Chiefs," III., pp. 205-209. 

'" Ibid, I., p. 520, and III., pp. 205-209, and awprat. 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 183 

He also appears as brother of John Grant in Anchlonie, and 
Robert Grant in Dahiabo, in October, 1608.^ 

(VI.) Katherine Grant. 

She married (Contract dated 3rd December, 1604), Patrick 
Kinnaird of Salterhill.^ 

(VII.) Jean Grant. 

She married, in 1585, William Hay of Mayne, and had issue. ^ 
(This appears from an original Contract of Marriage, dated 1585, 
and subscribed by William Hay of Mayne and Alexander Hay of 
Easter Kennet, Clerk Register, with the names of two sons of 
the latter, Mr John Hay and Daniel Hay, as witnesses, at Castle 
Grant). On her marriage Jeaii Grant had received, as a liferent 
portion, the rents of the davoch land of Dreggie, and the half 
davoch of Gaich, and in 1625, after the death of her husband, 
she sold her liferent rights in these lands to her eldest son, 
James. ^ Another son, Patrick Ha^', is a witness. Owing 
apparently to the want of some necessary precaution in making 
up these titles, James Hay was able to lay claim to the possession 
of these lands with some measure of success, and in 1653, James, 
the seventh Laird of Freuchie, grandson of the Laird who had 
bought the landa from William Hay, found it to his interest to 
compromise the matter rather than to renew the litigation.^ 

(VIII.) Margaret Grant, 
married John Mackenzie of Towie, A.M., minister of Dingwall.^ 

She died on 27th October, 1601, leaving issue. 

3. George Grant, 
in Inverernan, also in Aldoch. 

(See above for my doubts as to whether or not he is identical 
with the George Grant, eldest son of John Grant's first marriage 
to Isabella Grant, daughter of the Laird of Culcabock and 
Glenmoriston). 

As brother's son and heir of Alexander Grant of Cardells, he 
was infeft in Cardells on 20th December, 1585.'' 

^ "Chiefs," I., p. 520, and III , pp. 205-209, and Siip7-a. 

2"Chief.s," I., p. 521. 

■^ Ibid, I., p. xxxii. and Note ; pp. xxxiii. and o21. 

■* Original Disposition at Castle Grant. •'' "Chiefs," I., p. 276, and infra. 

« '■' Chiefs," I., p. 521. 

' Ibid, I., p. 207. Instrument of Sasine, dated 20th December, 15S5, 

(Jld Inventory, at Castle Giant. 



184 THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 

He immediately thereafter disponed it to his youngest 
brother, John Grant in Foyness, for 1000 merks.^ 
He appears to have died before 1612. 

4. Paul Grant. 

He is a witness to his brother's infeftment, in 1568, in the 
lands of Ballindalloch^ on a Precept by the Laird of Freuchie, 
when he is styled brother to Ballindalloch. 

On 17th February, 1590-1, one Thomas Grant, described as 
"Paul's son," is declared a rebel.^ 

5. John Grant in Foyness, tutor of Ballindalloch. 

He is a witness to several documents between 1580 and 1603, 
and is styled brother-german of Patrick Grant of Ballindalloch, ia 
1586 being called youngest brother.^ 

He acquired Cardells from his brother, George, being infeft 
therein 23rd December, 1585,^ an Inhibition to the contrary 
of 25th February, 1585-6, being ineffectual. In 1574 he purchased 
the estate of Ballindalloch from his brother on a letter of reversion, 
but it appears to have been redeemed.*^ 

He is mentioned in 1588 as one of his brother's creditors.' 
He gave offence to his l)rother's widow, Margare';; Gordon, in 
many matters. She called in the assistance i p'-'aer friends the 
Gordons, and by their advice married, as her third husband, 
John Gordon, brother of Sir Thomas Gordon of Cluny. Upon 
this, according to the historian of the House of Sutherland,^ the 
tutor of Ballindalloch, "grudgeing that any of the surname of 
Gordon should dwell amongst them," at the instigation of the 
"Laird of Grant," quarrelled with John Gordon, and killed one of 
his servants. In revenge, John Gordon pressed matters so far 
that the tutor and his adherents were pronounced rebels, and the 
Earl of Huntly was stirred up to pursue them at law, he being 
Sheriff of the Shire. The Earl therefore obtained a commission, 

^ Instrument of Sasine, dated 23rd Dec, 1585, Old Inventory, at Castle Grant. 

2 "Chiefs," I., p. 520. 

■' " Reg. Privy Council," IV., p. 832. 

* " Chiefs of Grant," III., p. 394. and I., p. 520. 

^ Ibid, I., pp. 207, 208. Instrument of Sasine, Old Inventory 

at Castle Grant. 

6 "Chiefs," I., p. 521. 

7 Ibid, I., p. 165, and supra ; " P.C. Register," IV., p. 571 n. ; 

Spottiswood, p. 383. 

*"' History of the Earldom of Sutherland," p. 215; Macfarlane's " Geru 

Coll.," I., pp. 246, 247 ; '■ The Mackintoshes," p. 164. 



THE EARLS OF SEAFJELD 185 

in virtue of which he besieged the house of Balhndalloch, and 
took it by force on 2nd November, 1590 ; the tutor, however, 
making his escape.^ 

He was killed in a feud with the Grants of Carron.- The fact 
that he was murdered is borne out by a Petition of the widow of 
Jolni Grant of Carron about 1630. 

He was dead before 2 Uh February, 1621," as on that date 
Patrick Grant, his eldest surviving son, is required to serve him- 
self heir to his father in Cardells, which he did, and on 20th 
November, 1624, he disponed these lands to John Grant, fiar of 
Ballindalloch. 

II. Patrick Grant of Dalvey, 
brother-german of John Grant of Ballindalloch ; mentioned as in 
Dalvey in 1537.* 

He received a Charter of feu-farm of these lands from Patrick, 
Bishop of Moray, in 1539.^ From an Instrument of Protest dated 
5th March, 1539-40,*^ by Patrick, Bishop of Moray, we see that 
he had granted this feu-farm under compulsion, as well as the 
one to John Grant of Ballindalloch." From a Notarial In- 
strument, dated 20th May, 1546, we find that the Bishop had 
ratified these Charters to Patrick Grant of Dalvey and John 
Grant of Ballindalloch.® 

After this Charter of feu-farm,^ he is afterwards frequently 
mentioned as a witness to Grant Charters under the designation 
"of Dalvey."!" 

He is, along with his brother (Ballindalloch), one of the 
signers of the General Bond by the Noblemen and Barons of 
the North, 8th December, 1544.ii 

' " The Kim-ara MS.," however, says "Jlst November, 1590. 

2 "Chiefs," III., p. 225. 

^ Ibid, I., p. 288 ; see a^ipra and infra. 

*Ibid, I., p. 520 ; " Reg. Mor.," p. 399. 

5 See also "Chiefs," I., pp. Ixiv., L\v., 108, 109. 

'^Ihid, III., pp. 277-279. 

" See supra. 

®" Chiefs," III., pp. 286-289 ; see " Registrum Moraviense," p. 392. 

" " Chiefs," II., p. 3 ; III., pp. 127, 132, 135, 143, 149, 150, 152, 369, 383- 
385, 388, 393 : "Reg. Moraviense," pp. 408, 420 ; R. M. S., 18th May, 1572. 

i^See Dr Craramond's "Annals of Banff," I., pp. 25 and 27, where we .see 
that in 1549 he sits on the Town Courts of Banff. He is described as Patrick 
Grant of Dalvey, 

" "Spalding Club Miscellany," Vol. iV., pp. 212, 213. 



186 THE EARLS OF 8E AFIELD 

He had, on November 20th, 1554, to find surety for fire- 
xaising and burning certain houses and sheilings on the lands of 
John Grant of Carron, called Rownay and Cochetlau, committed 
June, 1554.1 

Fraser says he married Janet Bard or Baird, who survived 
him.- He had apparently three sons, 

1. Patrick, who died in 1603, having married (Contract 6th 
December, 1565) Janet, daughter of Duncan Grant in Gartinbeg, 
and left issue. 

2. Thomas^ 

3. Andrew, mentioned in a Disposition of Salmon Fishings, 
of the year 1567. This son Andrew is not mentioned in the 
"Chiefs of Grant," 1., p. 521, in the pedigree of the Grants of 
Dalvey. 

4. A daughter, who was married to John Cuthbert of 
Auldcastle Hill. 

Patrick Grant died April, 1576. He was succeeded by his 
•eldest sun, Patrick, who was the ancestor of the first Grants of 
Dalvey, afterwards of Dunlugas. Dalvey was sold in 1680 to 
John Campbell of Frierstoun, but these lands were afterwards 
purchased in 1 682 by James Grant, younger of Gartinbeg, 
advocate, afterwards Sir James Grant of Dalvey.'* 

Robert Grant who sold Dalvej^ is commonly said to have 
purchased Dunlugas. and to have founded the family of Grant 
of Dunlugas. 

III. Alexander Grant of Cardells. 

In 1551 and 1556 he is designated brotlier-german of John 
Grant of Ballindalloch.^ 

On 8th June, 1539,'' there was granted him by John Spens, 
Prior of the Friars Preachers of Elgin, a Feu Charter of the lands 
and barony of Pitcroy alias Cardells, and he was iufeft therein 
on 16th August following. 

By agreement, dated 26th July, 1551, he made over the lands 
to the Laird of Freuchie, who had previously taken possession of 
them." He was to receive, however, a tack of the lands of 

^ Pitcairn's " Criminal Trials," I., p. 370. 

- See also "Annals of Banff," II., \>. 384 ; " Chiefs," III., p. 393, and infra. 

■^ Ibid, I., p. 521. . ^Ihid, L, pp. 296, 300. 

•' Ibid, L, p. 521, and III., p. 206. « Ibid, III., p. 206. 

"^ Ibid, I., pp. 206 and 209, and III., pp. 376, 377. Original Instrument, 

dated 26th July, 1551, at Castle Grant. 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 187 

C;irdell-beg for his lifetime. The dispute, however, still went on, 
and on 21st August, 1556, we find a Bond^ by John Grant of 
Freuchie and Alexander Grant, brother of John Grant, fourth of 
Ballindalloch, to fulfil a Decree-Arbitral anent the lands of 
Mekill and Litill Cardell and half-town of Piteroy, which lands 
Alexander Grant claimed in heritage, and from which he alleged 
he had been ejected by James, the late Laird of Freuchie, in the 
month of March, 1542-3, and the profits violently withheld 
from him 

He died before 25th July, 1586, s.p.m.^ 

IV. Master William Grant. 

He appears to have entered the Church, and frequently 
appears as a Notary and otherwise in Grant Charters.^ 

From an Extract Decreet, of 5th March, 1576,-* we find that 
he is designed brother of Patrick (}rant of Dalvey in a Contract 
witnessed by him dated 21st January, 1575-6. 

V. Agnes Grant. 

She was married, first, to John Macallan of luverernane,^ as 
we see by a Royal Charter dated 29th May, 1525, to Agnes 
Grant, daughter of Patrick Grant in Ballindalloch, granting her, 
on Macallan's resignation, the lands of Inverernane, to be held 
by her in life-rent, and the heirs of the marriage, or, failing them, 
her husband's heirs whosoever, and, secondly, liefore 8th March, 
1532-3, Thomas Cununing.*^ 

At a later date she had a Charter of the lands of Crabston in 
Aberdeenshire. 

In 1530 she is mentioned as engaged in a lawsuit with Gordon 
of Netherdale." She was still alive 30th March, 1559. 

VI. Catherine Grant, 

married Walter Leslie, second Laird of Kiniuvie, and left issue. ^ 

1 " Chiefs," I., pp. 131, 132 ; III. pp. 119-121. 

-Ibid, III., p. 398. •' Ihid. I., p. .521 ; III., pp. 127, 131, 282, 38-i. 

*Ihid, III., p. 393. 

*Reg. Mag. Sig., 29th May, 1525 ; see also "Exchequer Roll.-<," XIX., p. 442 

(Entry dated 30th March, 1559). 

« Reg. Mag. Sig., 8th March, 1532-3. " " Exchequer Rolls," XIX., p. 442. 

« "ChieLs," I., p. 521 ; see R. M. S , 9th March, 1553-4. 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 



APPENDIX It. 
GRANTS OF CORRIEMONY, 

ALSO THE GRANTS OF SHEUGLIE. 

John Grant of Corkiemony, 
son of John Grant, second of Freuchie, who, to distinguish him 
from his natural brother, John Mor Grant of Culcabok, is 
designed "Jilio juniori" in the Charter by King James the 
Fourth of the lands and Barony of Corriemony, dated 8th 
December, 1509.1 

He was infeft in the Barony of Corriemony on ■25th January^ 
1509-10, and again on 2nd May, 1512.2 

On 13th February, 1527, he is mentioned as one of the mem- 
bers of the clan who together with his brother absented them- 
selves from the army at Solway and Wark in a remission granted 
by James IV. ■* 

He is said to have married a daughter of Strachan of Culloden. 

He died in 1533, and was succeeded by his son,^ 

John Grant of Corriemony. 

Before the 24th day of March, 1535-6, Sasine was given to 
him of the Bat'ony of Corriemony.^ 

He was infeft in the Barony on 24:th May, 1536, as heir to his 
father, John Grant, after the lands liad been in the hands of the 
Crown for three years and a half, and he frequently appears as a 
witness to Grant documents. "^ 

On 20th May, 1580, he consented to tlie co-notaries making 
a procuratory of resignation of the lands and Barony of Corrie- 
mony into the hands of the Crown in favour of Duncan Grant, '^ 
apparent of Freucliie, who on 19th August the same year, obtained 
a Charter thereof,^ with precept of sasine, in which John Grant 

1 "Chiefs of (irant," L, pp. Ixxxi., 87 ; IIL, pp. 54-56 ; IL.VLS., Sth 

December, L")()9. 

••'"Chiefs," L, p. 515. -^ Ibid, L, p. 515 ; III., p. 72. 

■•"Gnuits of Corriemony," by Francis J. Grant, W.S., Kothesay Herald, 

pp. 11-14. 

•' " Exchequer Rolls," XVI., p. 605. '' " Chiefs," I., p. 515. 

" Ibid, 1,, p. 157, and III., pp. 393, 394, and Original Charter at Castle Grant. 

^ Original Charter, Ibid. 



, THE EARLS OF SEA FIELD 189 

(fifth) of Freiichie, sou of Duncan, was infeft on ITtli May, 1583.1 
John Grant of Freuchie had also obtained a Precept on 27tli 
February, 1582-3, from King James the Sixth.- (The Laird of 
Corriemony, however, reserved his own liferent in the lands, and 
another part of the arrangement secured tliat the Laird of 
Freuchie would bestow upon him the half town and lands of Cluny 
in the Lordship of Badenoch and shire of Inverness). He was 
probably twice married. Fraser states that his second wife was 
said to be Marjory, daughter of "John Roy " (?) of Ballindalloch ^ 
He had two sons and a daughter by his first marriage, and a son 
by his second. 

He also had three natural sons by Margaret, daughter of Jolui 
Wilson, burgess of Inverness, to two of whom he gave portions of 
the lands of Pitcherill by Disposition in 1571, wliich, in 1593, 
John Grant of Freuchie proposed in a letter to his law agent to 
reduce. In that letter John Grant of Corriemony is mentioned as 
deceased. 

He left issue, 

I. John (Ian Og) Grant of Corriemony, 
said to be b}' first marriage, who was on the 3rd March, 1606, 
retoured heir general to his father, John Grant of Corriemonv, 
and again on 29th May, 1609.* 

This latter service was sought to be reduced by John Grant of 
Freuchie,^ but the matter was referred to arbitration and decided 
in 1610 in favour of John Og Grant, who, however, was required 
to I'esign the lands that the Laird of Freuchie might complete 
his title to the superiority.*^ The lands of the Barony of Corrie- 
mony were thenceforth to be held of the Lairds of Freuchie instead 
of directly of the Crown as formerly. 

John Grant of Corriemony is mentioned in the Valuation Roll 
of Inverness-shire, 16-14, as holding lands to the vabie of £188 
2s -Id Scots. He married, first, Christian, eldest daughter of 
Alexander Rose of Cantray, third son of William Rose, 11th Laird 
of Kilravock, who predeceased liim on 16th April, 1632, leaving 

1 R.M.,S., 19th August, 1580 ; see "Exchequer Rolls," XXI., p. 4S0. 

- Chiefs of Grant, I., p. 159, and III., pp. 156-157. 

•'• Ihtd, I., p. 515 ; " Grants of Corriemony," pp. 14 and 15. 

^"Grants of Corriemony," p. 15 ; "Retours," General ; " Retours," Inverness. 

5 " Chiefs," I., p. 515. « See R.M.S.. 31st July, ItiltJ. 



190 THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 

issue. ^ He married, secondly, 9th July, 1633, Helen, daughter of 
Patrick Grant of Ballindalloch (Inveraven Register). 

He died about 1663, having in 1628 bought back PitcherlU 
from his half-brother J(jhn. 

His descendant, Alexander Grant of Corriemony, was wounded 
in the Rising of 1745, and was concealed, after Culloden, for 
some weeks in the cave of Morall at Corriemony Waterfall.^ 

His son, James Grant of Corriemony, Advocate, Edinburgh, 
sold Corriemony.-^ 

In 1825 he sold that portion of his estate of old called Meikles 
and Craskaig, thereafter Lakefield, and now Kil martin, to Patrick 
Grant of Lochletter and Redcastle, and in 1833 Corriemony proper 
was sold to Thomas Ogilvy. It seems his financial difficulties 
were partly due to becoming cautioner for John Peter Grant of 
Rothiemurchus. 

He left issue. 

11. Alexander Grant of Sheuglie (Alisdair Ruadh), only 
child of second marriage of John, second of Corriemony, and 
brother of Ian Og.'' 

On 20th May, 1609, he enteied into a contract with John 
Grant of Freuchie to obtain himself served heir to his father, John 
Grant of Corriemony, and thereafter renounce in favour of John 
Grant of Freuchie. In return he was to receive a Disposition of 
the lands of Sheuglie to himself and his sons in succession.^ 

In terms of that arrangement he was served heir general to 
his father on 4th December, 1611, and in 1619 was inhibited for 
non-fulfilment of tlie Contract of 1609.*^ 

He is said to have married Lilias, daughter of Patrick Grant 
of Glenmoriston. 

In 1630 he is referred to as being dead. He had issue four 
sons and a daughter, of whom the three eldest sons are described 
in the Contract of 1609 in their order. 

^ See also '' Inveniessiana," p. 82, and " The Grants of Corriemony," pp. 

15 and 16. 

^ " Urquhart and Glenmoriston," p. 279 ; " Grants of Corriemony," pp. 21-24. 

■'"Chiefs," I., p. 515; see also "Urquhart and Glenmoriston," p. 508, and 

" The Grants of Corriemony," pp. 26 and 27. 

■* " Chiefs," I., pp. 516, 517. ^ " The Grants of Corriemony^" p. 38. 

"On the 30th July, 1613, he is designated AUaster Roy Grant in Sogillie in 

the Clan Gregor Fines Book (R. M. S., X., p. 121 ; XIV., pp. 630, 646). 



THE EARLS OF SE AFIELD 191 

1. John Grant, described in the Contract of 1609 as eldest 
son.i He probably predeceased his father. 

2. Robert Grant of Sheuglie, named in Contract of 1609 
as second son. On 2nd July, 1624, he was retoured heir male 
of John Grant of Corriemony, his grandfather, apparently to 
enable him to fulfil the Contract of 1609.- In 1628 he received 
a Disposition of the lands of Sheuglie and Meikles from the Laird 
of Freuchie to him atid Margaret Fraser (daughter of James 
Fraser of Balachraggan), his spouse. ^ He had issue. 

Mr William Mackay says that according to a family tradition,"* 
Alexander Grant, first of Sheuglie, was his father's eldest son and 
heir, but was in some manner overreached by his brother John, 
who consequently became proprietor of Corriemony. The above 
transactions are alluded to as seeming to show that the story is 
not without foundation. 

Charles, Lord Glenelg, and his brother, Sir Robert Grant, 
Governor of Bombay, were descended from the third son of 
Robert Grant of Sheuglie, this family therefore being a cadet 
branch of Sheuglie.^ 

3. Duncan Grant, named in the Contract of 1609 as 
third son.*^" 

4. Patrick Grant, who, along with his father, witnessed 
the infeftment of Sir John Grant of Freuchie in Urquhart 
in 1623. 

5. Margaret Grant, who married, before 1630, John 
Chisholm of Kinneries." On 29th July, 1630, Alexander Chisholm 
granted to Robert Grant of Sheuglie a Discharge for the tocher of 
£500 Scots which had been paid to his deceased father by the 
late Alexander Grant. 

Robert Grant of Sheuglie's gi'andson, Alexander Grant of 
Sheuglie,^ was, witli his eldest son, James Grant, younger of 
Sheuglie, imprisoned in Tilbury Fort in 1746 for the part they 
took in the rising. Alexander died there. Alexander's great- 

1 " Chiefs," L, p. 516. '- " Hetours," General. 

■''"The Grants of Corriemony," p. 38. 

■• " Urquhart an<l Glenmoriston," p. 509. 

*"Chiefe," 1., pp. Ixsxii., 95, 480 ; "Urquhart and Glenmoriston, " pp. -196, 

510 ; " Grants of Corriemony," p. 44. 

^ " Chiefs," L. pp. 516, 517. " See also " Grants of Corriemony," p. 38. 

** " Chiefs," I., p 436 ; II., pp. 265-267 ; " Urquhart and Glenmoriston," pp. 

285, 286, 288. 



192 THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 

.grandson, Patrick Grant of Redcastle,^ purchased Lakefield and 
sold Redcastle in 1828. He married Catherine Sophia Grant, a 
sister of Lord (Sllenelg. 

John Grant, second of Corriernony, left, as has been said, 
three natural sons, namely — 

James Grant of Pitcherill,^ who, on 14th May, 1571, 
■obtained from his father, John Grant of Corriemony, a Disposition 
of the half of the lands of Pitcherill to him and his heirs male, 
whom failing, to his brothers Gregor and John in like manner. 

Along with his brother, "Allister Roy Grant in Soiglie," and 
many others of the Clan, he was fined on the 22nd July, 1613, as 
a resetter of the MacGregors.^ 

In 162-1 he disponed his lands of Pitcherill to John Grant, 
third of Glenmoriston, but afterwards redeemed them and sold 
them to his brother, John (Og) Grant of Corriemony, in 1628. 

He married Katherine Nighean (i.e., a daughter of) Dhondmuill 
MacRuaridh. 

Gregor Grant, 
who, on 14th May, 1571, received a Disposition similar to that of 
his brother James. "^ 

He was dead in 1593, and his brother James was served heir 
to him. 

John Grant, 
mentioned as heir to his two natural brothers in failure of heirs 
male to them. 

^ "Chiefs," I., pp. 516, .517 ; " Urquhart and Glentnori.ston," pp. 411, 509. 

-" Chiefs," I., p. 515. 

'^ Ibid, [111., pp. 314-316; "Reg. Privy Council," X., p. 321, and XIV., 

pp. 629, 630, 647. 

* Ibid, I., p. 515. 



-4^ 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 193 



APPENDIX III. 
GRANTS OF GLENMOPISTON, CARRON, 

AND THE FIRST GRANTS OF WESTER ELCHIES. 

John (called Iain Mor) Grant, 
illeuitimate son of John Grant, second of Freuchie, ancestor of 
tlie Grants of Glenmoriston, and himself first of Glenmoriston. 
He took a prominent part in family and other transactions, and 
-was distinguished from his brother, John Grant of Corriemony, 
l)y the appellation " Mor," in allusion to his stature. In one 
'document of the time he is called " Meikle John Grant of 
■Culcabok."! 

As "Jilio seniorl Johannis Graunt de Fruchy" he received, at 
Stirling, 8th December, 1509-10, a Crown Charter to himself and 
his heirs male of the lands of Glenmoriston in the lordship of 
TJrquhart and County of Inverness, which lands were then erected 
into a barony in his favour, to be called the Barony of Glen- 
moriston. - 

He is also called John Grant of Culcabock in witnessing the 
infeftment of his father on '24tli January, 1509-10, in the Barony 
'of Urquhart, and was more commonly known as "of Culcabock" 
than as "of Glenmoriston."-^ 

He acquired the lands of Culcabock, Knockintinnel, and the 
Haugh from the Hays of Mayne, 22nd July, 1532,^ and on 19th 
November, 1532, received a Crown Charter of Confirmation of 
these lands. ^ On 7th May, 1541, he obtained from Patrick, 
Bishop of Moray, a Charter of feu-farm of the lands of Carron, 

^ " Chiefs," I., pp. Ixxxi., Ixxxii., 87, and supra. 

~ R. M. S., 8th December, 1509-10. 

■■• " Chiefs," I., p. 522. 

■" See, however, " Invernessiana," pp. 198-200, where two deeds referring 
to the lands of Culcabock and Knockintinnel are given, one dated 1st 
December, 1519, the other, 14th July, 1520; from which deeds it appears 
that although William Hay, Lord of Mayne, was the superior, the lands were 
held from him by Elizabeth Paterson, who, with consent of Andrew Jack, her 
spouse, granted John Grant a Charter, and he was duly infeft in Culcabock 
;ind Knockintinnel, 14th Julj^, 1520. 

•' R. M. S., 19th November, 1532. 

13 



194 THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 

Wester EUoquhy (Wester Elcliies) and Kiiichirdie in Strathspey 
to himself and his spouse, Elizabeth Innes, in liferent, and to two- 
of his sons, John Roy (Iain Ruadh) Grant and James Grant, in 
fee.^ (See also Original Discharge dated 7th May, 1544, in Grant 
Charter Chest). 

The 4th May, 1548, is the date of a Charter of Apprising by 
the Queen Regent to John Grant of Culcabock of the lands in 
Lochcarron belonging to Glengarry and his son, and of certain 
lands in Lochalsh belonging to Locheil.^ Tliese debtors had failed 
to appear on the 20th May, 1547, before the Sheriff, and in their 
absence their lands were apprised from tliem by an Assize of 
twenty-one men of probity and position. The debtors' rights were 
reserved, however, to Glengarry and Locheil of redeeming the 
properties by paying the amounts due within seven years. Of 
this privilege they did not choose to take advantage, and on the 
expiry of the period of redemption the Charter became absoUite. 

From an original Summons still preserved at Castle Grant, 
issued 3rd August, 1546, we learn that this apprisal was due to- 
Glengarry and Locheil having failed to obey the order to restore 
the cattle and effects (or to pay their value and their "profits" for 
sixteen months to the Laird of Grant and to Glenmoriston) carried 
off by them in the great raids on Urquhart and Glenmoriston, 
which took place in October, 1544, and April, 1545.^ 

The Laird of Grant and his tenants were by far the biggest 
sufferers in these raids, as the value the defenders had to pay him 
amounted to £10,770 13s 4d Scots, and in the case of Glen- 
moriston to £718 lis Id Scots. 

John Mor Grant married, first, Elizabeth or Isobella, daughter 
of Walter Innes, and grand-daughter of Sir Robert Innes of that 

1 " Chiefs," I., pp. Ixiv., Ixv. ; III., p. 367 ; " Reg. Moraviense," pp. 397, 
404. 

"" Urquhart and Glenmoriston." pp. 105-112 ; R. M. S., 4th May, 1548. 

"The Grants themselves were not bad at the same game, as on May 11th, 
1536, James Grant of Freuchie, John Grant of Ballindalloch, and John Grant 
of Culcabock had to find surety for assisting Hector and the late William 
Mackintosh in besieging and burning the Hou-se of Davy (Daviot) withiii 
Strathnaverne (Strathnairn) belonging to James Ogilvie, and also houses and 
buildings of the tenants, for the slaughter of twenty men, women and 
children, for stouthreif and for resetting and intercommuning in 1534 with 
the said Hector and William Mackintosh and their accomplices after they had 
been denounced rebels. (Pitcairn's " Criminal Trials," I., p. 175 ; " Chiefs," 
I., pp. 101, 102). 



THE EARLS OF SE AFIELD 195 

ilk.i By her he had one daughter, but, divorcing his first wife, 
he married, secondly, by Papal Dispensation, granted in 1544 
(Contract dated 1st June, 1546), Agnes, daughter of William 
Fraser of Culbockie, and grand-daughter of Thomas Fraser of 
Lovat,2 by whom he had a son, Patrick, who succeeded him in 
the Estates.^ He had also three natural sons. 

The Charter to Agnes Fraser by John Grant of Culcabock, 
which states that the marriage is about to be solemnised between 
them, is dated 1st June, 1546, at " Kynchardy." ** 

John Grant of Culcabock died in September, 1548, leaving 
issue 

I. Patrick Grant of Glenmoriston, son by second marriage.^ 

He was under age when his father died. The ward of the 
lauds of Culcabock, Knockintinnel, and Haugh was given to 
James Grant (third) of Freuchie on 9th December, 1548, and on 
4th March following John Grant of Ballindalloch obtained a 
Crown Charter of the lands of Glenmoriston, which it was alleged 
had come into the Queen's hands through the death of John Mor 
Grant without lawful heirs male.'^ 

The succession of Patrick Grant to his father was afterwards 
established against the claims of John Grant of Ballindalloch, and 
he was retoured heir to his father in the lands and Barony of 
Glenmoriston before 5th December, 1566, and in Culcabock and 
Knockinthinel on 4th October, 1569.'' 

1 " Chiefs," I., p. 522, and III., pp. 367, 368, S74-376. 

-See "Scots Peerage— Title, Fraser of Lovat," V., pp. 522, 523 ; "Reg. 
Moraviense," p. 404; "Urquhart and Glenmoriston," p. 113; "Inver- 
nessiana," p. 217. 

3 There seems to be no evidence for certain statements made in 
Mackenzie's "History of the Erasers," pp. 75 and 600, to the effect that 
Agnes Fraser was John Mor Grant's third wife. A local tradition given in the 
Rev. A. Sinclair's " Grants of Glenmoriston," p. 6, is quoted to tlie effect that 
John Mor's second wife was Isabella, daughter of Thomas, second Lord Fraser 
of Lovat, ^vidow of Allan Macdouald, fourth of Clanranald (called of Moidart 
in " Wardlaw M.S.," p. 122), and mother of Ronald Gallda, slain at Blar-uan- 
leine on the 15th July, 1544. As it was after this battle that her marriage to 
John Mor Grant is said to have taken place, it is evident that she has bean 
confused with Agnes Fraser, and that she did not marry John Grant. 

*R. M. S., 21st August, 1546. 

5 " Chiefs," I., p. 522. 

« R. M. S., 4th March, 1548-9. 

^ " Chiefs," I., p. 522 ; " Exchequer Rolls,'' XIX., p. 556 ; " Retours,'' 
Inverness, also " Exchequer Rolls," XX., p. 444. 



196 THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 

< Patrick Grant of Glenmoristoii is frequently mentioned in 
docnments between 1565 and 1580.^ He was implicated in 
Huntly's Rebellion, and, along with his Chief and other members 
of the Clan, obtained a remission, dated (Precept dated 3rd) 9th 
July, 1569. 

He also held lands in Inverness, as on 11th January, 1574, he 
sold two roods of burgage land there to Alexander Cuthbert.^ 

He witnessed the Charter of Sale of the lands of Finlarg to 
Patrick Grant of Rothiemurchus on 26th December, 1580, by 
John Grant, fifth of Freuchie.^ 

He died 16th March, 1580-1. 

He married, first, Beatrice, daughter of Archibald Campbell of 
Cawdor, and the house of Invermoriston is traditionally said to 
have been built by his father-in-law.* He married, secondly, 
Janet, daughter of Hugh Fraser, second of Guisachan (who was 
served to her terce, 31st July, 1587), and widow of Thomas 
Chisholm, younger of Chisholm. She afterwards married Lachlan 
Mackinnon. 

He left issue two sons and a daughter, of whom the eldest 
son, John, succeeded him, and the daughter Lilias is said to have 




JOHN OKANT OF GLENMORISTON. 

married Alexander Grant, first of Sheuglie. The present Laird, 
Ian Robert James Murray Grant of Glenmoriston, is descended 
from this son John. 

Grant of Glenmoriston married, first, 23rd February, 1887, 
Ada Ethel Sophia, youngest daughter of the late Colonel 
Cuthbert Davidson, C.B., whom he divorced 1894 (she married, 26th 
June, 1894, Francis George, second Earl of Northbrook, and died 
22nd July, 1894) ; and, secondly, 23rd April, 1897, Gabrielle, 
daughter of J. Chaille Long, of Philadelphia, U.S.A. 

1 ".Chiefs," III., p. 137. 

- " Invernessiana," p. 235. ■' Ihld, p. 394. 

•* " Ui-quhart and Glenmoriston," p. 124. 



THE EARLS OF SE AFIELD 197 

John Mor had a daughter, 

II. Isabella Grant, by first marriage. She married John 
Grant of Balliudalloch.^ Their son, George Grant, as grandson of 
John Grant of Calcabock and Isabella Innes, claimed to succeed 
to his grandfather to the exclusion of Patrick, the son of Agnes 
Fraser, but failed to gain his case. 

It appears that she was divorced, as on the 9th May, 1538, 
Archibald Campl)ell of Glenlyon, in view of approaching marriage, 
gives Isobella Grant, daughter of John Grant of Culcabock, in 
liferent, a Charter of the lands of Cestall, Ballemakinteyr, 
Inveringias, etc., which was confirmed by the Crown on the 26th 
August following.- 

Sir William Fraser says she appears to have been dead 
before 1541. 

John M5r Grant also left three natural sons, 

John Eoy (Ian Ruadh) Grant of Carron. 

On 7th May, 1541, he obtained from Patrick, Bishop of 
Moray, a Charter of feu-farm of the lands of Carron, the grant 
being to his father in liferent and to himself in fee, with 
remainder to his two natural brothers, and in default of heirs 
male to him or them, to James Grant of Freuchie and his heirs. ^ 

John Grant of Carron was one of the jury of inquest for the 
retour of John Grant of Freuchie, 6th October, 1553.** 

He was an arbiter on the part of his brother, Wester Elchies, 
in a dispute between him and James Grant of Freucliie respecting 
the marches of Kinchirdie in 1568 (Decree Arbitral subscribed 
and sealed at Glencarnie, 3rd May, ISGy).*^ 

On the 6th March, 1568-9, he obtained, along with Alexander 
Grant, his brother, and others of the name of (jrant, a respite 
for fifteen years for being concerned in the slaughter of John 
Grant of Ballindalloch on the Uth September, ISSQ.*^ On 12th 
January, 1573-4, he sold the half of the lauds of Auchlichny to 
John Grant, in Inverlochy, and his son Robert, and at a previous 
date he appears to have sold his lands of Carron, and also Riemore, 
in 1568, as the Bishop of Moray on 26th April, 1571, granted 
confirmation of a Charter of Sale by John Roy Grant of these 

1 " Chiefs," L, p. 522 ; III., pp. 374, 375, and si'pra. 

-R. M. S., 26th August, 1538. ^ " Keg. Moraviense," p. 397, and supra. 

^ •' Chiefs," IIL, p. 112. ^ Ibid, IIL, pp. 386-388 ; see infra. 

" " Chiefs," I., p. 524 ; III., p. 283. 



198 THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 

lands to Elizabeth Maxwell, relict of John Reid of Straloch.^ 
However this may be, his son, John Grant of Carron, had Carron, 
and so did his son's descendants in the male line till Captain 
Lewis Grant of Anchterblair, who married Elizabeth Grant, elder 
daughter of Colonel John Grant, sixth of Carron, purchased the 
estate of Carron from the heir male, Charles Grant of Ringorme, 
about the year 1750.2 Captain Lewis's son, Captain James Grant 
of Carron, however, sold Carron about 17S6 or 1787 to Robert 
Grant of Wester Elchies. Captain James Grant's wife, Elizabeth, 
daughter of Lieutenant Joseph Grant, of the Anchterblair family, 
was " Mrs Grant of Carron," the authoress of " Roy's Wife of 
Aldivalloch." She survived her husband, who died in the Abbey 
of Holyrood House on 14th March, 1790, and married, secondly, 
Dr James Thomas Murray of Dungannon, a physician in Bath, 
and died 26th January, 1828, aged 82. 

John Roy Grant of Carron died on 28th February, 1 597-8. ^ 

The famous Strathspey freebooter, James Grant, commonly 
called Sheumas an Tuim, was a grandson of John Roy Grant, 
being third son of John Grant of Carron. 

Another illegitimate son of John Mor Grant'* was 

Jambs Grant of Wester Elchies, 
ancestor of the first family of Grants of Wester Elchies. He 
received the lands of Wester Elchies in feu-farm on 7th May, 
1541, being designed fiar of these lands when his father received 
them in liferent ; and in 1565 they are set down in the rental of 
the Bishopric of Moray as feu-farmed to him.^ 

On the 3rd May, 1568, we have a decree arbitral defining the 
boundaries of his lands of Kinchirdie as adjoining those of the 
Laird of Freuchie.*^ 

In a similar dispute as to marches in the same year between 
James Grant and his neighbour, Duncan Grant of Easter Elchies, 
they resolved, because o'f their propinquity in blood, to refer the 
matter to arbitration rather than go to law, and accordingly 
executed a Deed of Submission for that end on 6th April, 1568." 

On 26th November, 1577, James Grant sat on the inquest which 
retoured Margaret Strachan heir to her father, George Strachan 

^"Chiefs," I., p. 524 ; "Reg. Moraviense," p. 397. -"Chiefs," I., p. 525. 

■'Ibid, I., p. 524. * Ibid, III., pp. 367-S. 

^ " Reg. Moraviense," p. 404 ; " Chiefs," I., p. 525. 

* Ibid. III., pp. 386-388 ; see supra. 

''Ibid, I., p. 123 ; III., pp. 385, 386 ; see infra. 



THE EARLS OF SE AFIELD 199 

of CuUoden.^ He was also known as the Laird of Kinchirdie 
in Strathspey, and as such is included in a Precept of Remission 
to certain Grants who took part with Huntlj in 1567 and 1569 
{Precept dated 3rd July, 1569). He is said to have married the 
seventh daughter of Hugh Rose of Kilravock by Agnes Urquhart, 
He had issue two sons, Lachlan atid Alexander.^ 

James Grant of Wester Elchies died on 23rd February, 1591, 
and was succeeded by his son, Lachlan Grant, who had issue four 
sons^ 

(i.) John ; (ii.) James Grant in Tomdow ; (iii.) Lachlan ; (iv.) 
Duncan ; 

Of whom (i.) John succeeded him. In 1621 he had, with his 
father's consent, sold the lands of Kinchirdie to John Grant of 
■Glenmoriston. He died after 10th June, 1633, and before 1636, 
without male issue. 

(ii.) James Grant in Tomdow, 
also called of Wester Elchies, was pursued before the Lords of 
Council and Session in 1636 by his brother, Lachlan, to serve 
himself heir to his late brother, John, but was assoilzied, and the 
lands were given to Mr Lachlan Grant. He afterwards, in 1644, 
united with his brother, Lachlan, in the sale of the lands to James 
Grant of Freuchie. 

(iii.) Mr Lachlan Grant, M.A., 
Minister at Moy from 1627 to 1649, when he was translated to 
Kingussie.'* The lands of Wester Elchies were adjudicated to him 
in 1636, but on 18th January, 1637, these lands were adjudicated 
to John Grant of Carron. These lands were afterwards disponed 
and sold to James Grant of Freuchie. He died 6th April, 1670. 

(iv.) Duncan Grant. 
He is probably the Duncan Grant in Wester Elchies, who, on 
16th July, 1646, promised to give satisfaction for wrongs done by 
him to his chief, the Laird of Freuchie. He renounced his occu- 
pation and possession of the lands of Wester Elchies in 1650, on a 
requisition by James Grant of Freuchie.^ 

In 1657, James Grant of Freuchie appointed him his factor for 
the Parish of Knockaudo for five years. 

1" Chiefs," IIL, p. 137. 
- Macfailaue's " Gen. Coll.," Vol. II., pp. 489, 490. 
'■' " Chiefs," I., p. 525. 
4 Ibid I., pp. 524, 525. « /^^-^^ m^ p 940. 



200 THE EARLS OF SEAFIELE 

A third illegitimate son of John Mor Grant was^ 

Alexander Grant. 

He is mentioned in the Charters, both of Carron and We-^ter 
Elchies, as snccessor in the event of failure of heirs male to^ 
his brothers.- 

^ " Reg. Moraviense," pp. 397, 404. 
2 " Chiefs of Grant," III., pp. 367, 368. 



THE EARLS OF SEA FIELD 201 



APPENDIX lY. 
GRANTS OF MONYMUSK AND APNDILLY. 

Archibald, fourth son of James Grant, third of Freuchie^ 
probably by second marriage.^ He, on 8th March, 1580-81, 
received a Crown Confirmation of a Charter of the Manse of the 
sub-deanery of Mora}^ in which he is designated as Archibald 
Grant in Ballintomb, brother of John Grant of Freuchie.^ The 
original Charter was granted by Mr Patrick Gumming, sub-dean 
of Moravia or Moray, and dated at Elgin and Edinburgh 20th 
July and 10th August, 1580. 

He is one of the signers of a Bond of Friendship between 
Lords Athol, Murray, Lovat, John Grant of Freuchie, and others, 
at " Belchastel," 5th November, 1590.'^ 

He married, before 24th October, 1596, Isobella Gumming, a 
daughter of the Laird of Erneside.^ On 20tli May, 1599, the 
Laird of Freuchie assigned to him and his spouse an annual rent 
of £100 in return for the loan of £1000. 

At Elgin, on 24th October, 1596, John Gumming, younger of 
Ei-neside, sold to him and his wife certain of the lands of Dalfour, 
in the Barony of Freuchie.'' From the Confirmation we find that 
Archibald Grant was dead before 15th June, 1619. 

He had issue two sons and three daughters, of whom the 
eldest, Duncan Grant, succeeded him. 

I. Duncan Grant 
appears as a witness to a Charter granted on 24th October, 1596,. 
by John dimming of Erneside and William Gumming, fiar of 
Erneside, to Archibald Grant in Balmuthie (Ballintomb) and 
Isobel Gumming, his spouse, as son and apparent heir of the 
said Archibald. 

On 15th June, 1619, as Duncan Grant of Thombracathie, he 
received a Crown Charter confirming the foregoing Charter to his 
father,*"' and another, dated 10th June, 1609, of tlie lands of 

1 " Chiefs," I., PI). 122-124, 275. - R. M. S., Sth March, 1.1S0-1. 

" " Spalding Club Miscellany," II., pp. 93, 94. 

•* " Cliiefs," I., p. 512, and R. M. S., 15th June, 1619. ■' Ibid. 

«R. M. S., 15th June, 1619. 



202 THE EARLS OF SE AFIELD 

Dalfour, Crofts^ and Stratbbuckis, in the bai'ony of Barmuckity 
and shire of Elgin and Forres. He succeeded his father in 
Ballintomb. He married Helen, daughter of Alexander Garden 
of Tulloch, and had issue, 

1. Archibald Grant, 

who succeeded his father after 1623.^ 

On 4th June, 1629, Sir John Grant of Freuchie granted a 
wadset of the lands of Allachie to Archibald Grant of Edinvillie 
and Margaret Grant, his spouse. He is said to have married 
Isobel, daughter of John Garden of Lichenstoun, and widow of 

Uun, Laird of Raity in the Boyn. He had issue, being 

the ancestor of the Grants of Monymusk, Sir Francis Grant, first 
Baronet of Monymusk, Lord Cullen, who purchased the estate of 
Monymusk from Sir William Forbes of Monymusk, being fourth 
in descent from him. 

His descendant, Sir Arthur Henry Grant, J. P., D.L., ninth 
Baronet, is the present owner of Monymusk. He married, 1878, 
Mary, eldest daughter of Captain Henry Sholto Douglas, 42nd 
Regiment, of Moorlands, Hants., and has issue, a son, Captain 
Arthur Grant, D.S.O., J. P. for Aberdeenshire, late Pith Lancers, 
married, 12th October, 1909, Evelyn Alice Lindsay, sixth 
•daughter of the late Collingwood Lindsay Wood, Esq., J. P., D.L., 
of Freeland, Perthshire, and has issue, a daughter, Evelyn Mary 
Frances, born 4th Octobei", 1910. 

2. Alexander Grant of Allachie. ^ 

In 1649 he was a Commissioner of War for Banffshire, and in 
1663 a J. P. for the county of Elgin. 

He was still alive 21st June, 1672.' 

He married Margaret Grant, daughter of Patrick Ogg, and 
had issue one son and three daughters. 

3. William Grant of Ardalie, 

ancestor of the Grants of Arndilly.'* He sat on the inquest for the 
retour of Robert Grant of Dalvey, on 26th July, 1661. 

He married Jean, daughter of John Grant of Galdwell, and 
had issue four sons and three daughters. 

On the death, in Jamaica, August, 1779, of Colonel Alexander 
<jrrant of Achoynanie and Arndilly, Mary Eleanor Grant, his 

1 " P.C. Kegister," XIII., p. 296. 

^ "Acta Pari." VI., Pt. II., p. 189, and VII., p. 508 ; see also " P.C. Register," 

Second Series, Vols I. and II. 

■' " Chiefs/' III., p. 473. •* Ihid, I., p. 514. 



THE EARLS OF SE AFIELD 203 

daughter, succeeded. She married, in 1790, David MacDowall, 
R.N., seventh son of William MacDowall of Garthland and Castle 
Sample, Renfrewshire. Her hvisband assumed the additional 
surname of Grant after MacDowall. She died before 11th 
August, 1832, and was succeeded by her eldest son, William 
Grant MacDowall Grant, born 30th November, 1795. ^ He 
married, on 5th December, 1825, the Hon. Eleanor Fraser, second 
daughter of Alexander, fifteenth Lord Saltoun. He died on 29th 
January, 1849, and was sncceeded by his brother Hay. He left 
issue two daughters, of whom the eldest, Marjory-Alexandrina 
MacDowall Grant, succeeded to Arndilly on the death of her 
uncle, Hay MacDowall Grant of Arndilly, 20th March, 1870. 
She married, first, Ranald Steuart Menzies of Culdares (who 
died 1870). Issue, one son, William George Steuart Menzies of 
Culdares and Aradilly, born 1858. She married, secondly, in 
1872, Colonel John Kinloch of Kilrie and Logie, Forfarshire, who, 
on his marriage, assumed the additional surname of Grant before 
Kinloch. He died 1894, his wife dying 10th May, 1900. 

The present laird is a J. P., D.L. for Banffshire; J. P. for 
Pei'th shire ; and a D.L. for Morayshii-e. He married, 1883, 
Constance Anne Ellen, second daughter of Thomas Owen 
Wethered of Seymour Court, Marlow, Bucks., and has issue a 
son, Ronald, Lieutenant, Scots Guards, born 8th April, 1884. 

4. Patrick, 

mentioned as " in Ballintomb " on 5tli May, 1651, when he grants 
a discharge with his brothers Alexander and William, as executors 
of their mother. He died without heirs male. 

5. Marjory, 

married Peter Grant of Edinvillie. 

6. Elspeth, 

married David MacWilliam of Auchmore. 

II. James Grant of Tombreack. 

He married Elspet, elder daughter of James Leslie of Edinvillie. 

III. Margaret, 

married Leslie of Drumferrach. 

IV. ISOBEL, 

married Barclay of Allanbowie. 

V. Janetta, 

married, in 1594, James Grant of Dalvey. 

^ See " Buike's Landed Gentry " and " WaU'crd's Landed Gentry." 



204 THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 



APPENDIX V. 
GRANTS OF ROTHIEMURCHUS, 

AND THE SECOND GRANTS OF BALLINDALLOCH. 

Patrick Grant of Muckeracb, afterwards of Rothiemurchiis, 
second son of John Grant, fourth of Freuchie, and his first wife, 
Lady Margaret Stewart. 

In 1570 he received from his father a Charter of the hinds of 
Muckerach and others, and before 26th April, 1572, ho must have 
received the lands of Rothiemurchus, as in the Charter by Colin 
Mackenzie of Kintail to his sister Barbara Grant of that date, he 
is designed "of Rothiemurchus,"^ and on 26th December, 1580, 
upon his own resignation, he received another Charter of the same 
lands, in which he is designed "of Rothiemurchus."^ 

He appears as a witness to the testament of his elder brother 
Duncan in 1581, and in 1585, when his father died, he was 
appointed one of his nephew's curators.'^ 

On 6th June, 1592, along with Lord Fraser of Lovat, John 
Grant of Freuchie, and others, he received a commission from 
King James the Sixth to act against certain Highland rebels and 
marauders ; and on the 20th of the same month he joined with 
John Grant of Freuchie in a mutual bond of manrent with John 
Dow (Ian Dubh) Macgregor.*^ 

On 28th April, 1597, he is named as an arbiter in a similar 
Bond between the Lairds of Freuchie and Glengarry, and on 1 3tb 
September, 1599, he holds a like position in a Bond of Submission 
between Lord Fraser of Lovat and John Grant of Freuchie.^ 

Along with the Laird of Freuchie and others he received a 
commission on the 28th June, 1602, from King James the Sixth 
to try persons accused of witchcraft.*^ 

On 23rd June, 1606, he gave a Charter of Wadset of the lands 
of Ardinsche (Balnespic) to Lachlan Shaw of Strome." 

1 "Chiefs," I., p. 509 ; R. M. S., 18th May, 1572. 

» " Chiefs," I., p. 509 ; III., p. 394. 

^Ibid, I., p. .509 ; III., pp. 158, 169, 397, 400. 

■» Ibid, III., pp. 181-184 ; see infra. ■' Ibid, III., pp. 190, 195. 

6 Ibid, III., pp. 198, 199. " "The Mackintoshes," p. 393. 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 205 

On lltb October, 1608, he appears as an arbiter in a dis})ute 
between the Grants of Tullochgorm and Wester Elchics.^ 

In 1610 he obtained a grant of the lands of Hempi-igo;s in the 
Barony of Kinloss to him and his spouse Jean Gordon, and we 
find the same year the Earl of Dunfermline appearing against 
Patrick Grant in the matter of the escheat of this place. - 

He died before 7th June, 1617, according to Eraser.^ He 
married Jean Gordon, said to be a daughter of the Laird of Echt-* 
(Giclit), and by her had two sons, Duncan, who predeceased him, 
and John, who succeeded him, and apparently a natural son also 
called John, fined 30th March, 1620, for shooting deer/^ He is 
called natural brother to Patrick Graiit of Rothiemurchus. If 
Patrick is not a clerical error for John, this postpones the date of 
Patrick's death ; and this natural brother John would then be a 
natural son of the fourth Laird of Freuchie. 

There is some confusion, as though in 1619 and 1621 we find 
John Grant designed as of Rothiemurchus, as late as the 20th 
August, 1623, it is Patrick Grant of Rothiemurchus who is 
appointed a Justice of the Peace for the shires of Inverness and 
Cromarty.^ 

I. Duncan, 
married (contract dated 1st October, 1606) Muriel, daughter of 
George Ross of Balucigown. She survived him, and married 
(contract dated 4th July, 1615) Duncan Grant of Clurie, a 
natural son of John, fifth of Freuchie. Duncan Grant, younger 
of Rothiemurchus, left four daughters, of whom the third, 
Katherine, married (contract dated 29th November, 1 630) Alex- 
ander Shaw, son of John Og Shaw of the Dell of Rothiemurchus." 

(The Shaws of the Dell were cadets of the old branch of the 
Clan Chattan, the Shaws [or Mackintoshes] of Rothiemurchus. 
Rothiemurchus was disponed by "Alan Mackintosh alias Shaw 
oye [i.e., grandson] to Alister Keir," who reserved only his own 
liferent by a Charter of Sale dated at Inverness 26th November, 
1539, and confirmed by the Bishop of Moray, at Elgin, 3rd 

1 " Chiefs," 111., p. 205-207. 

- Ibid, 1., p. .'')09 ; " Reg. Privy Council," IX., pp. 11, G8, 9?. 

- But see " P.C. Reg.," XII., pp. 244, 24.".. 

^" Macfarlane's Gen. Coll.," I., p. 111. 

' " Reg. Privy Council," XII., pp. 244, 245. 

« "P.C. Register," XII., pp. 132, 613 ; XIII., 349. 

" " Chiefs," I., pp. 196, 509 ; III., p. 418 ; see infra ; ''■ The Mackintoshes and 

Clan Chattan," p. 423. 



206 THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 

January, 1539-40, in which latter document Alan is styled 
"Alanus Keyr McKyntosy." The purchaser was George, second 
son and successor of the fourth Earl of Huntly, who, as we have 
seen, in 1567 gave a Charter to John Grant, fourth of Freuchie, 
of these lands. ^ 

Lachlan " Mor," sixteenth Chief of Mackintosh, endeavoured 
to get back by negotiation " my own native country of Rothie- 
murchus," but unsuccessfully, so he proceeded to harass and 
annoy the Laird of Freuchie and his son Patrick, not only in 
Rothiemurchus, but elsewhere, and John Grant, fourth of 
Freuchie, in his Will, made in 1584, says Patrick has been much 
"inquietit" in the possession. The dispute does not seem to 
have been finally settled till 14th June, 1586.)- 

TI. John Grant, 
succeeded his father, as his brother left only female heirs. ^ 

He witnessed an Agreement between the Lairds of Grant and 
Mackintosh and Cameron of Locheil on 21st September and 10th 
December, 1623.* By his wife, Margaret Dunbar, daughter of 
Mr Thomas Dunbar, Dean of Moray, who survived him, and 
married, secondly, William Mackintosh, he had two sons,-'* (A)< 
James and (B) Patrick. Patrick is named in his brother's 
testament. He died before 1651. 

His eldest son, James Grant, succeeded him. He died in 
1677, his testament being dated 6th April in that year. 

He married Grizel Mackintosh, a daughter of William 
Mackintosh of Kyllachy,^ who was called Grizel Mor, from her 
great size and abilities. She bore her husband three sons, and 
survived him. 

1. The eldest son, Patrick Grant, alias MaoAlpine. 

He was born in the year 1665, and succeeded his father in 
1677. He was a contemporai-y and friend of Rob Roy, from whom 
he received the right to call himself MacAlpine. 

In 1713 he received a Charter from Alexander Grant, younger 
of Grant, of the kirk lands of Rothiemurchus, comprehending the 

1 '• The Mackintoshes and Clan Chattan," p. 412; "Reg. Moraviense." 

pp. 419, 420 ; see supra. 

2 "The Mackintoshes," pp. 151, 152, 161 ; Memorandum, dated 20th February,. 

1568-9 ; " Chiefs," I., p. 152 ; III., pp. 285-292. 

'"Chiefs," III., p. 218. 

*Ibid, III., p. 434. ■' "The Mackintoshes," p. 378. 

« Ibid, ]). 370. 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 207 

lands of Balnespick, croft of Avdinch, and Dell. He died before 
1744, being about eighty years of age. He was twice married/ 
first to Mary Grant, daughter of Patrick, Tutor of Grant, from 
which marriage the present Laird is descended, and secondly, at 
the age of seventy, to Rachel Grant of Tullochgorm, who survived 
him. By his two wives he had eight sons and a daughter. 

The present laird, John Peter Grant of Rothiemurchus, 
D.L. for Inverness-shire and Banffshire, J. P. for Tnverness-shire, 
Sheriff-Substitute of Inverness-shire, born 1860, married, first, 
1882, Edith Mary, daughter of Lieutenant-Colonel David Mac- 
pherson, Balavil, Inverness-shire ; secondly, 4th April, 1899,. 
Lady Mary Augusta Pierrepont, daughter of third Karl Manvers,. 
and has, with other issue, John Peter, born 1885, 2nd Lieutenant, 
Lovat's Scouts. 

2. Colonel William Grant of Ballindalloch, 
ancestor of the second family of Grants of Ballindalloch. He 
entered into a Contract of Marriage on 30th Octobei", 1711, with 
Anne Grant, second daughter of Ludovick Grant of Grant, and 
about the same time acquired the estates of Ballindalloch, Tul- 
lochcarron, and othei's, from John Grant of Balliudallocli and his 
creditors.^ He raised one of the independent companies, which 
was afterwards incorporated into the 42nd Regiment of Infantry, 
known as "The Black Watch." On 13th February, 1727, he 
obtained a Charter of Resignation of the lands of Ballindalloch,, 
and of the hereditary office of Bailie of the Regality of Grant. 
In 1731 he matriculated his arms in the Lyon Office. He died' 
in May, 1733, leaving issue. Anne Grant predeceased him in: 
1732. He was succeeded by his son. Captain Alexander Grant, 
who married (Contract dated February, 1740) Penucl, fourth 
surviving daughter of Sir James Grant of Grant. Among other 
issue the Colonel had a daughter Grace, who married (Contract 
dated 18th Decembex', 1731) George, second son of Joiin Mac- 
pherson of Invereshie. From this marriage the present Laird,. 
Sir John Macpherson-Grant, Bart., is descended. 

(3) John Grant. 

1 "Chiefs," I., p. 2:38. - Ihid, I., p. 3:10 ; III., \\ 494, 495, see infra. 



208 THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 



APPENDIX VL 
GRANTS OF KINCHIRDIE, GELLOYIE, 

KNOCKAND, AND THE LATER GRANTS OF GARTINBEG. 

MuNGO, niuth son of Sir John Grant, sixth of Freuchie, 
called of Kinchirdie, but sometimes also of Dnthil and of 
Gellovie.^ 

In a Discharge, dated March, 1654, to his eldest brother, 
James Grant of Freuchie, he styles himself fifth lawful surviving 
son to the deceased Sir John Gi'ant of Freuchie.- This Discharge 
acknowledges receiving in that year from his brother the Laird 
a five years' lease of the lands of Lettoch. 

He is designed as "of Duthil" iu 1663, also "of Gellovey " in 
1667. He obtained, on 11th June, 1667, from David Gumming 
of Kinchirdie, a Disposition (in which he is designated as in 
Duthil) of the lands of Kinchirdie, and also of Avielochan and 
Delnahaitnich.2 He was for some time chamberlain and factor to 
his nephew, Ludovick Grant of Freuchie. In 1670 he w^as 
admonished to beware of Popish leanings : his intention of 
sending two of his sons to France, to be educated there by " one 
Father Grant, a seminarie priest," having been reported. The 
Synod of Moray warned him not to do so, as he would be 
answerable to the Lords of Council if he did.'* 

His brothei', James, seventh of Freuchie, on his death 
appointed him one of the tutors and administrators of his 
children.^ His testament is dated at Kinchirdie, 2Sth December, 
1679.« 

He was twice married, first, to Margaret Gordon, who died 
before 12th May, 1664, on which date he was contracted to marry 
Elizabeth (or Elspeth), daughter of John Grant of Gartinmore.'' 

1" Chiefs," I., p. 238. 

- Ihkl, I., p. 270 ; Original Discharge, dated (15th) March, 1654, al 

Castle Grant. 

■'" Chiefs," I., p. 277 ; III., pp. 465-467. 

* /bid, I., p. 287 ; Records of the Synod of Moray ; see Dr Cramond's 

" Extracts from the Records of the Synod of Moray," p. 149. 

■' " Chiefs," I., p. 289 ; III., p. 352. ^Ibid, I., pp. 504, 505. 

'Ibid, III., pp. 462, 463. 



THE EARLS OF SE AFIELD 209 

He had issvie by both wives, and was the ancestor of the Grants 
of Kinchirdie, Gellovie, Knockando, and the later Grants of 
Gartinbeg. 

He left issue the following : — 

I. John Grant in Tomdow, 

eldest son by first wife.^ He was served heir general to his 
father (Quintigern) on 14th June, 1695, and in 1697 disponed 
the lands of Avielochan and Delnahaitnich to his brother Robert. 
No further trace of him has been found. 

II. James Grant of Gellovie, 

second son of his father's first marriage. ^ He is called, in the 
Disposition by his brother John to Robert Grant of Kinchirdie, 
" his brother german," in which Disposition he is said to have 
had possession of the writs of the subjects disponed since the 
death of their father. 

He witnessed a Discharge by Robert Grant of Auchterblair 
on 21st February, 1679, in which he is called lawful son to 
Mungo Grant of Kinchirdie. 

In a Disposition by John Grant of Glenmoriston, dated 27th 
June, 1696, he is designated as "of Gelloway."^ 

In 1697 he was appointed overseer to the children of Patrick 
Grant of Wester Elchies. He was also a Bailie of the Regality of 
Grant.* He died before 1710, leaving issue. 

1. Lachlan Grant of Gellovie, 

so designed in 1716 in a Discharge granted by him to Colonel 
William Grant of Ballindalloch.^ He died in 1732, leaving two 
sons, of whom the elder, John Grant of Gellovie, as eldest 
son, gave up his father's testament, in 1732, and is designated 
"of Gartinbeg." 

2. LuDoviCK Grant of Knockando, 

called second lawful son of James Grant of Gellovie.^ 

He appears frequently in transactions with Colonel William 

Grant of Ballindalloch and others, between 1710 and 1736. 

On 22nd June, 1713, he obtained a Charter of Resignation 

and Adjudication under the Great Seal of the lands of Knockando. 

He married (contract dated 23rd February, 1710) Jean, eldest 

' " Retours General "; " Chiefs," I., p. 504. - Ibid, I., p. 504. 

■' Ibid, III., p. 48.5. ■* Ibid, I., p. Ixxxvi. '' Ibid, I., p. 504. 

« Ibid, I. pp. 504, 505. 

14 



210 THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 

daughter of John Macpherson of Invereshie, and died on 14th 
January, 1751, leaving issue. 

After the death of his grandson, and March, 1786, Captain 
Ludovick Grant of Knockaudo, who had on 21st September, 1772, 
obtained from James Grant of Grant a Disposition of the lands of 
Ardfour, the estate of Knockando was purchased by Robert Grant, 
ancestor of the present family of Wester Elchies.^ 

3. MuNGO Grant of Knockando, 

who was retoured heir general to his father on 5th April, 1709.^ 

He disponed Knockando in 1713 to Ann Grant, second 
daughter of Ludovick Grant of Grant, who in turn disponed these 
lands to Ludovick, second son of the late James Grant of Gellovie, 
Mungo's elder brother. In the Disposition Mungo is called 
brother german of Ludovick. 

On 14th October, 1707, as Mungo Grant of Knockando, he 
granted a Bond to the Laird of Grant, younger, for £2394 6s 8d. 

4, Captain Alexander Grant of Grantsfibld, 
mentioned in 1710 as brother german to Ludovick Grant of 
Knockando.^ 

In 1727 he obtained a Charter of Resignation of the lands and 
barony of Ballogie, now Grantsfield, in the County of Aberdeen. 
There is a portrait of him at Castle Grant. He died on 28th 
April, 1776, aged 83. 

He married in December, 1739, Margaret, daughter of Patrick 
Farquharson of Inverey, and left issue three sons. She died at 
Grantsfield on 3rd April, 1753, aged 35.* 

III. Ludovick Grant, 

who is described in his father Mungo's testament as eldest son of 
the second marriage.^ As such lie was heir of provision to the 
lands of Kinchirdie, but he appears to have died before coming of 
age, and his brother Robert succeeded to the lands. 

IV. Robert Grant of Kinchirdie, 
second son of his father's second marriage.'' 

He succeeded to the lands of Kinchirdie and a small part of 
Avielochan, on the death of his brother Ludovick. 

On 12th January, 1697, he received from his brother John a 
Disposition of Avielochan and Delnahaitnich. 

1 " Chiefs," II., pp. 93, 213, 253, 261. '■^ ibid, I., pp. 504, 505. 

» Ibid, I., p. 505. ■• Ibid, II., pp. 154, 197, 201, 209, 210, 213, 249, 314. 

5 Ibid, I., p. 504. « Ibid, I., pp. 504, 505. 



THE EARLS OF SEAFIELD 211 

On 8th November, 1899, he obtained from the Laird of Grant 
a Charter of Novodamus of these lands. 

He is named in 1710 as a cautioner in the marriage contract 
of his nephew, Ludovick Grant of Knockando. 

He married Anna Grant, who survived him, and as relict 
executrix gave up his testament on 17th March, 1725. 

V. Patrick Grant, 

third son of the second marriage, also designed "brother german 
of Kinchirdie," on 22nd May, 1714, when he is called also one of 
the creditors of Colonel William Grant of Ballindalloch.^ 

VI. Margaret, 

eldest daughter of the second marriage.^ 

VII. Jean, 

second daughter of second mamage.^ 

VIII. Elspet, 

third daughter of second mamage.'' 

All above three daughters are mentioned in their father's 
testament. 

1 " Chiefs," [., p. 50.'p. - Ihid. "Ibid. ^ /hid. 



r'TUNTKD BY THE NCIBTHERN CCII-N'TIES NEWSPAPER ANU PHINTI.NG AND PUBLISHING 
COMPANY, LUriTED, IN\'ERNESS. 





No. 1. 



No. 3. 




No. 4. 




No. 2. 

1. Blazon of Arms of fJnuit of Fieuchie, circn 15-i2, from Sir David 
Lindsay's Heraldic i[S. 

2. Seal of John (Jrant, Fourth of Freuchie, as ajipended to uharlor liy him 
f^ranting to Colin Ahickenzio of Kintail and Barbara Grant, iiis spouse, certain 
lands in Lochbioonr t5th l)eceml)er, ir)72. 

3. Seal of Sir James Grant of Grant, Baronet, and hi> wife, Jane Duff 
of Hatton. 

4. Seal of (jolonel Francis William Grant of Grant, afterwards Sixth 
Earl of Seatield. 



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