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Full text of "Rules of discipline of the Yearly Meeting of Friends held in Philadelphia"

UNIVERSITY 

OF PITTSBURGH 

LIBRARY 



<S^W/' 



Dar . Rni , 
BX7607 
PkAk 
1868 




THIS BOOK PRESENTED BY 

Glen Haven Quaker Meeting 



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Digitized by tine Internet Arciiive 

in 2010 witii funding from 

University of Pittsburgii Library System 



littp://www.arcliive.org/details/rulesofdisciplineofOOpliil 



RULES OF DISCIPLINE 



OF THE 



YEARLY MEETING 



OF 



FRIENDS, 



HELD IN PHILADELPHIA. 



STEREOTYPED FOR THE YEARLY MEETING. 



PHILADELPHIA: 

PRINTED BY DIRECTION OF THE REPRESENTATIVE COMMITTEE 
OR MEETING FOR SUFFERINGS. 

1868. 



It is necessary to observe that the dates in this edition denote 
the years in which those portions were issued or altered by the 
Yearly Meeting ; where no dates are affixed, the paragraph stands 
as in the edition of 1806. 



INTEODUCTION. 



As it hath pleased the Lord in these latter days, by 
his spirit and power, to gather a people to himself; 
and, releasing them from the impositions and teach- 
ings of men, to inspire them with degrees of the same 
universal love and good-will by which the dispensa- 
tion of the gospel was ushered in, — these have been 
engaged to meet together for the worship of God in 
Spirit, according to the direction of the holy Law- 
giver ; as also for the exercise of a tender care over 
each other, that all may be preserved in unity of faith 
and practice, answerable to the description which He 
the ever-blessed Shepherd gave of his flock, " By this 
shall all men know that ye are my disciples, if ye 
have love one to another." John xiii. 35, 

For this important end, and as an exterior hedge 
of preservation to us, against the many temptations 
and dangers, to which our situation in this world ex- 

3 



4: INTRODUCTION. 

poses US, the following rules have been occasionally 
adopted by the Society, and now form our code of dis- 
cipline. In the exercise whereof it is to be observed, 
that if any member be found in a conduct subversive 
of its order, or repugnant to the testimonies which we 
believe we are intrusted with for the promotion of 
Truth in the earth, it becomes our indispensable duty 
to treat with such, in meekness and brotherly com- 
passion, without unnecessary delay or improper expo- 
sure ; according to the direction of our Lord -to his 
church, " If thy brother shall trespass against thee, 
go and tell him his fault, between thee and him alone : 
if he shall hear thee, thou hast gained thy brother. 
But if he will not hear thee, then take with thee one 
or two more, that in the mouth of two or three wit- 
nesses, every word may be established. And if he 
shall neglect to hear them, tell it to the church ; but 
if he neglect to hear the church, let him be unto thee 
as an heathen-man and a publican." Matt. chap, 
xviii. 15, 16, 17. 

This is the extent of the Society's censure against 
irreclaimable offenders, they are disowned as mem- 
bers of our religious community ; which is recom- 
mended to be done in such a disposition of mind, as 
may convince them, that we sincerely desire their 
recovery and restoration, " considering ourselves, lest 
we also be tempted." Gal. vi. 1. 4^ 



INTRODUCTION. 5 

For the more regular and effectual support of this 
order of the Society, beside the usual meetings for the 
purpose of Divine worship, others are instituted sub- 
ordinate to each other; such as, First. Prepara.tive 
meetings; which commonly consist of the members 
of a meeting for worship. Second. Monthly meetings; 
each of which commonly consists of several prepa- 
rative meetings. Third. Quarterly meetings; each 
of which consists of several of the monthly meetings. 
And Fourth. The Yearly Meeting, which comprises 
the whole. 

These meetings have all distinct allotments of ser- 
vice. And as experience shows that when this ser- 
vice is attended to in uprightness, and dedication of 
heart, with a single eye to the honour of our Holy 
Head, and the help and edification one of another, in 
the love wherewith he has loved us, our assemblies 
are often favoured with his aid and direction, — 
Friends are affectionately desired and exhorted to be 
diligent in the attendance of them; and when met, 
humbly seek to be clothed with the spirit of wisdom 
and charity. This will divest the mind of a depend- 
ence on our own strength and abilities, endue us with 
patience and condescension towards each other; and, 
being preserved in fellowship, agreeably to our Lord's 
declaration, " One is your master, even Christ, and all 
ye are brethren," a qualification will be experienced in 



6 INTRODUCTION. 

our several stations and movements, to build up one 
another in that faith which works by love to the 
purifying of the heart. 

So may we be living members of the Church mili- 
tant on earth; and inhabitants of that city which 
hath foundations, whose maker and builder the Lord 
is ; knowing indeed with exceeding joy, that great is 
He the Holy One of Israel in the midst of her. 



EULES OF DISCIPLINE. 



APPEALS. 

If any person be dissatisfied with, or think Notice to 
themselves aggrieved by the judgment of a meeting. 
monthly meeting, they may, after a copy of 
the testimony is delivered to them, notify the 
first or second meeting (but no other) of their 
intention of appealing to the ensuing Quarterly 
meeting : which notification the monthly meet- Monthly 

ITT . . 1 • , meeting 

mg should enter on its minutes, and appoint action, 
four or more Friends to attend the Quarterly 
meeting with that, and copies of the minutes 
of the men's or women's meeting, relative to 
the case, signed by the clerk, or clerks; there 
to show the reasons whereon that judgment 
was founded, and submitting it to the said 
meeting. The Quarterly meeting is then to Quarterly 
refer the same to a solid committee of Friends action, 
(omitting those of the monthly meeting from 
which the appeal comes) and to confirm or re- 
verse the said judgment, as, on impartial deli- 
beration, shall appear to be right, taking care 
to inform the parties of the result. 

7 



8 ARBITRATIONS. 

Yearly If such appellant is dissatisfied with the 

ftctfo^^ judgment of a Quarterly meeting also; and, on 
being informed thereof, shall notify that or the 
next (but not afterwards) of their intention to 
apply to the Yearly Meeting for a further 
hearing, the said Quarterly meeting, after re- 
cording such notification, is in like manner to 
appoint at least three Friends, to attend the 
Yearly Meeting with copies of the records of 
both the monthly and Quarterly meetings in 
the case, signed by their clerks. Here it is to 
be finally determined, and a copy of the de- 
termination is to be sent to the meeting from 
which the appeal came. 



ARBITRATIONS. 



If occasions of differences arise between any 
of our members about their property, it is 
recommended that the parties proceed in the 



following manner: 



Mode pre- Let the party who thinks him or herself ag- 

scribod for 

settlement gricvcd. Calmly and kindly request the other 

ences.^^^^' ^^ comply with the demand; and, if this be 

disputed, the complainant, or if he or she lives 

at too great a distance, some Friend whom 



ARBITRATIONS. 9 

they may authorize, should take with him one 
or two of the overseers, or other discreet. 
Friends, and in their presence repeat the de- 
mand. 

If this step also fails of the desired effect. Reference 

to 'irT^^itffi.^ 

the parties should be advised to choose a suit- tion advis- 
able number of Friends as arbitrators, and ^ * 
mutually engage by bond, or other written 
instrument adapted to the occasion, to abide 
by their determination. 

Should this proposal be acceded to, and Duty of ar- 

bitrators. 

arbitrators accordingly chosen, they ought, as 
speedily as circumstances will admit, to appoint 
time and place, and attend to the business 
without unnecessary delay; giving the parties 
a fair and full hearing in the presence of each 
other, but listening to neither of them apart, 
nor suffering their own sentiments to be known 
abroad till they have fully digested the subject, 
and come to a clear decision ; which they should 
be careful to do within the time asrreed on. 



"C 



But, if either of the said parties shall refuse Either 
to submit the matter in dispute to arbitrators, complying 
or, when that is done, neglect to give his or her p^-dnedTf 
attendance when desired, without a sufficient ^^ *?, 

. . monthly 

reason being assigned, or not abide by their meeting. 
award when issued; in either of those cases, 
the offender should be complained of to the 



10 ARBITRATIONS. 

niuntlily meeting of which he or she is a mem- 
Anerrone-.ber ; aiid^ if they cannot be brought to a sense 
just award of their error, the said meeting should declare 
rehearing. ^^^ disuuiou with them; unless such person 
make it evident to the satisfaction of the said 
meeting, that the award is erroneous or unjust. 
In which case, the matter in dispute may be 
referred either to the same, or other arbitrators, 
as the meeting shall judge best; and their 
Parties award shall be final. After which, if either 
cscing to of the parties at variance, prove so regardless 
bedisown- ^^ peace and unity as not to acquiesce in such 
corrected determination, the monthly meeting 
they belong to should proceed to issue a testi- 
mony against him or her so refusing. 

Arbitra- Where arbitrators are at a loss for want of 

tors may 

consult legal knowledge, it may be proper for them, at 

c unse . ^^^ joint cxpeusc of the parties, to take the 

opinion of counsel learned in the law, in order 

to come at a proper judgment in the matter 

Should be referred to them. And that they may the bet- 
unbiassed. T P 1 • . 

ter answer the end oi their ajDpomtment, and 

be helpful in conciliating the minds of the 

parties, they ought not to consider themselves 

as advocates for those by whom they are 

chosen, but as men whose duty it is to judge 

righteously, fearing the Lord. They should, 

as much as may be, shun all previous informar 

tion respecting the case; or, having heard any 

thing on it, stand unbiassed thereby. They 



ARBITRATIONS. 11 

should reiect no evidence or witness proposed, i^eject no 

. PIT e^'idenoe. 

nor receive any but m the presence oi both 
parties; and in their award, they need not 
assign any reason for their determinations. 

And whereas there may be some circum- Cases ex- 
stances even in disputed matters, wherein the °^^ ^ 
foregoing wholesome method of proceeding 
cannot be complied with; such as, 1st. The 
party absconding, or leaving the country with 
design to defraud his or her creditors; or, 2d. 
That the going through the meetings, by the 
time it must necessarily take up, might be a 
manifest damage to the creditor or claimant, 
by other people's postponing him or her ; as in 
cases of apparent danger of bankruptcy, or the 
party being overloaded with debts, and other 
creditors generally coming on; or, 3d. That 
there may be danger of future damage to such 
as submit thereto, as in the case of executors, 
administrators, or trustees. It may therefore 
be necessary, and it is advised, that the 
monthly meeting, where such cases happen, 
do hold excused such as shall in the two first 
mentioned circumstances in this paragraph, 
appear to them to be really necessitated to pro- 
ceed at law : and in the latter case of execu- permis- 
tors, administrators, or trustees, where it shall ^^^^ ^ dis- 
appear to the meeting that our friendly way ^^}^^ ^J~*^ 
may be unsafe, such may be permitted to have law. 
the matter tried at law, with this caution, that 



12 V 



ARBITRATIONS. 



the parties on both sides do behave towards 
each other in brotherly love, decency and 
moderation, without anger or animosity; which 
will be a becoming testimony even in courts, and 
show that nothing but the nature of the case, 
and our station in common with others, under 
the laws of the land, bring any of us there. 

Overseers As it mav somctiuies occur that a member, 

to consider . , ^ n ^ ^ t pi 

carefully Cither lor waut 01 a clear understanding oi the 

the nature i • xi i • • u 

of com- business, or through an improper mnuence, 
plaint. may present a complaint against another mem- 
ber, wherein the overseers, after fully hearing 
both parties, being decidedly of opinion that 
the case does not require a reference, they are 
Prepara- to advisc a spccdy settlement thereof; which 
ingmay*be being ineffectual, and the comj)lainant remain- 
and^^^^om- i^^o dissatisficd therewith, he may have liberty 
mittee ap- ^q inform the preparative meetinsr where the 

pointed. . . . . 

other party is a member (without mentioning 
any name) that having a matter in dispute 
with one of their members, he is desirous of 
their assistance in order to a settlement there- 
of: — the said meeting is then to appoint a 
judicious committee to inquire into the pro- 
priety of the matter being left to arbitration; 
if they should judge that the complaint ought 
to be referred, they are to advise that it be 
submitted accordingly; but if the said com- 
mittee concur in judgment with the overseers, 
the complaint is to be dismissed. 



BIRTHS AND BURIALS. 13 

It is desired that persons differing about Ministers 
worldly affairs, do as little as may be, engage tors advis- 
Friends in the ministry as arbitrators in such ^ ^^^^^^^ 
cases. 



BIRTHS AND BURIALS. 



As some who attend burials may have to Modera- 
come a considerable distance, and need bodily vised. 
refreshment, it is earnestly advised, that in 
making preparations on such occasions, mode- 
ration may be observed; and that Friends in 
all respects demean themselves with gravity. 
And when the contrary appears, care should 
be taken, and suitable admonition extended; 
that every thing tending to lessen the solemnity 
on such occasions, may be avoided. (1841.) 

It is recommended, that one or more suit- Appoint- 

ii-n«ip 1 ' 1 • 1 menttosee 

able J^riends oi each particular meeting, be that good 
appointed by monthly meetings to attend at observed 
funerals, to see that good order is observed; J^j/*^®" 
and that the corpse be removed about an hour 
after the time set for meeting at the house. 



Advised, that Friends be careful themselves. Christian 
and encourage their families in the mainte- 

2 



14 BIRTHS AND BURIALS. 

maintain- nance of our Christian testimonies, when at- 
tending the burials of those not in communion 
Cases with US; — and that Friends do not publish in- 
tations^TTe vitatious, in our religious meetings, to burials 
pubHshed^ wliere a hireling minister is expected to offi- 
* ciate. (1841.) 

Meetings Jn order that meetings may not oe held at 

at fiine- . . pi -i. • 

rais. interments m a customary or lormai way, it is 
advised that the proposal for holding any such 
meeting, be previously submitted to the con- 
sideration of the elders and overseers, or other 
solid Friends, either of the meeting in the 
compass of which the deceased resided, or of 
that in which the interment is to take place, — 
that the counsel or mind of Truth may be 
waited for and followed. (1841.) 

Appoint- And to prevent the introduction of improper 
the care interments amongst us, it is recommended, that 
p-oT^dT^ two or more Friends be appointed to the care 
of our several burial grounds by preparative 
or monthly meetings, as the case may require ; 
and that no person who is not in membership 
be buried therein, without a permit in writing 
signed by one or two of those Friends; who 
should also take care that our burial grounds 
be properly enclosed, and kept in decent order. 

Apaxiseat It is further recommended, that at all inter- 
ments time be allowed for a solemn pause, both 



BIRTHS AND BURIALS. 



15 



before and after the corpse is put into the 
ground. 

« 
It is affectionately advised that Friends keep 
to true moderation in all things appertaining 
to interments, and that no costly or showy 
monuments be affixed to graves in any of our 
burial grounds; or any mark be permitted ex- Marks ai- 
ceeding six inches in height above the level 
of the ground, or more than sixteen inches in 
width and four inches in thickness, with the 
name and age of the deceased. 

Monthly meetings are directed to give the Directions 
subject particular care and attention, in order meetings. 
that no stone or device should be permitted, 
or any departure from the rule, allowed of or 
submitted to, in our burial grounds; and such 
as are placed already in our burial grounds are 
directed to be reduced, as early as is con- 
veniently practicable, to the height mentioned. 
(1852.) 

Friends are advised against imitating the Mourning 

, n • • • • habits, &c. 

vam custom oi wearing or giving mourning 
habits, and all extravagant expenses about 
the interment of the dead. 



As great inconvenience may arise from the Record of 

, p T , , ,' i 1 • 1 births and 

want 01 due attention to keeping a regular deaths. 
record of births and deaths, it is earnestly 



16 



BIRTHS AND BURIALS. 



enjoined on each monthly meeting, that they 
appoint a careful Friend, whose duty it shall 
be, in a book provided for the purpose at the 
monthly meeting's expense, to keep a record 
of all births and deaths of members that shall 
occur within their respective limits, and which 
shall be oflfered to him for that purpose. And 
in order to engage the attention of monthly 
meetings more closely to this subject, it is 
further enjoined, that an explicit answer be 
annually given by monthly to Quarterly meet- 
ings, and through them to the Yearly Meeting, 
to the query. Whether due care is taken to 
keep a regular record of births and deaths? 
(1841.) 

The form of the record to be as follows — 

BIRTHS. 



Names of the 
children. 


When 
born. 


Names of the 
parents. 


Their 
residence. 


Occasional 
notes. 








' 





BURIALS. 



Names of the 
deceased. 


When 
deceased. 


Age. 


Where 
buried. 


Late 
residence. 


Occasional ; 
notes. 1 












i 



BOOKS. 

It is recommended to the meeting for suffer- Pubiica- 
ings to advise or assist any of our members, 
on their own application, who may incline to 
publish any manuscript or work which may 
tend to promote the cause of Truth or be 
beneficial to society. (1829.) And it is the writings 

. that excite 

sense of this Meeting, that if any one shall disunity. 
print or publish any writing which tends to 
excite disunity and discord among us, such 
persons should be complained of to the 
monthly meeting they belong to ; and if they 
cannot be convinced of the impropriety of 
their conduct, be testified against, as opposed 
to the peace and good order of the Society. 

This Meeting doth earnestly exhort all par Advice 
rents, heads of families, and guardians of mi- rfading 
nors, that they prevent, as much as in them ^oX!'^'^ 
lies, their children and others under their care 
and tuition, from having or reading books and 
papers tending to prejudice the profession of 
the Christian religion, to create the least doubt 
concerning the authenticity of the holy Scrip- 
tures, or of those saving truths declared in 
them ; lest their infant and feeble minds should 
be poisoned thereby, and a foundation laid for 
2* B 17 



18 CERTIFICATES. 

the greatest evils. And it is earnestly recom- 
mended to every member of our religious 
society, that they discourage and suppress the 
reading of plays, romances, novels, or other 
Against pcmicious booksj and printers and booksellers 
Bemng,%r i^ profcssion with us, are cautioned against 
Buch'^^ j)rinting, selling, or lending such books; as it 
books. is a practice so inconsistent with the purity of 
the Christian religion. And Friends are de- 
sired to be careful in the choice of all books in 
which their children and families read ; seeing 
there are many under the specious titles of 
promoting religion and morality, which con- 
tain sentiments repugnant to the truth in 
Christ Jesus. 



CERTIFICATES. 



For tra- It is rccommcndcd to the Quarterly and 
Friends to monthly meetings, to take care that all certifi- 
abir^rr-"^' cates or minutes which may be given to any 
turned, travelling Friend, be recorded; and upon the 
Of removal rctum of such Friend, seasonably delivered 
ed in the back to the meeting; and that all certificates 
meethig of rcmoval brought by any Friend intending 
and re- to rcsidc amouffst us, shall be lodged in the 

corded. <-> -> <~i 



CERTIFICATES. 19 

monthly meeting where the same is accept- 
ed ; and also that every meeting do keep a 
copy or record of all certificates which they 
give out. 

All certificates of removal prepared for wo- For women 
men Friends, after being considered in their ^^^^^^^^^ 
monthly meeting, are to be sent to the men's, clerks. 
and if there approved, signed by the clerks of 
both. (1837.) 

Friends are advised to be very cautious in Advice 
changing their places of residence : it having S^jour* 
been observed that the dissolvino^ of old, and change of 
the forming of new connections, have in many 
instances been attended with effects prejudi- 
cial to a growth in the Truth and the service 
thereof, both in the heads and younger branches 
of families. We therefore recommend to all, 
that on these occasions a strict attention be 
paid to the pointings of Divine wisdom ; and 
that, before any determine to change their 
places of abode, they consult with their expe- 
rienced fellow-members. 

When a monthly meeting is engaged to pre- inquiry 
pare a certificate on account of the removal of gi!anUng 
any Friend to reside within the limits of an- certificates. 
other monthly meeting, careful inquiry should 
be made by a committee appointed for that 
purpose, respecting the situation of his or her 
temporal affairs, and also, if single, concerning 



!0 



CERTIFICATES. 



their situation in relation to marriage engage- 
ments ; and if on such inquiry no impediment 
should be found, the certificate should state, 
that, on inquiry no obstruction appeared rela- 
tive to his or her outward affairs to the grant- 
ing a certificate. (1818.) 



Pecuniary 
relief. 



To be con- It is the judgment of this Meeting, that when 
accepted a Certificate of removal from one monthly meet- 
ducTd.^^^' ^"S addressed to another is produced therein, 
and it is found that the person or persons re- 
commended reside within the limits thereof, it 
should be considered as accepted, and the par- 
ties members of that meeting. But if any such 
persons shall fall into circumstances requiring 
pecuniary relief within one year after the re- 
ceipt of such certificate, the meeting removed 
to, ought to assist them, giving speedy notice 
thereof to the other ; whereupon that meeting 
should immediately take care of them, and 
repay the charge which has been or may be in- 
curred on that account. But if any Friend be 
reduced in his or her circumstances by fire or 
other sudden unavoidable losses, though it may 
be within one year after their removal as afore- 
said, they should be kindly assisted and re- 
lieved by the meeting where such persons 
reside. 



All Friends removing out of the limits of 



Applica- 
tion to be . 

made for their monthly meetmgs, whether lor contniu- 

cates." ance, or for any considerable length of time, 



CERTIFICATES. 21 

are advised to apply to their respective meet- 
ings for certificates directed to those within 
which they propose to sojourn or settle. But To be sent 
if any shall remove without so applying, the TppHedfor. 
monthly meetings of which they are members, 
after the usual inquiry made, and no obstruc- 
tion appearing, should send certificates for them 
to the monthly meetings within which they 
are removed, and that without improper delay, inconveni- 
But if their conduct requires their being dealt ^^J^uch^ 
with, and the distance such as to be inconve- as have re- 

r» 1 • 1 1 in moved at a 

nient lor the meetmg they nave removed irom, distance. 
the monthly meeting within which they are, 
should be requested to treat with him or her 
thereon, and report the effect of its care. On 
which, if it proves satisfactory, a certificate of 
recommendation or removal may be ordered ; 
but if otherwise, and a testimony of disunion 
is issued, the meeting within which he or she 
resides, should be furnished with a copy thereof, 
to be delivered to the party, with information 
of their right of appeal. 

It is to be understood that where appren- Appren- 

■'■■'•. tices and 

tices, or persons under age, are under a necessity minors. 
of going from one place to another, their pa- 
rents or guardians, masters or mistresses, 
should apply for certificates for them, recom- 
mending them to the care and oversight of the 
monthly meetings whereto they remove. 

If any person appearing as a Friend, come as^Friendf 



22 CERTIFICATES. 

without within the compass of a monthly meeting, not 

certificates . ••• . "^ i p 

and of dis- being recommended by certificate, and be of 
conduct, to disorderly conduct, the overseers or other con- 
be treated cerncd Fricnds should inquire whether or not 
he or she is a member of our society; and, if 
they prove so to be, admonish them; or, if 
the occasion require it, report the case to the 
preparative, and from thence to the monthly 
meeting; which should thereupon inform the 
monthly meeting of which he or she is a mem- 
ber, of the circumstance, and take the direction 
of said meeting for dealing further with them, 
according to our rules in cases of that nature. 

Visits to It is recommended that monthly meetings, 

brfng^tr- ^^ way may open, appoint two or more Friends 
tificates. to visit such who comc recommended by certi- 
ficate to settle amongst them. 

Certificates Monthly meetings are advised to take due 
ty^of mof^" care that certificates of removal be seasonably 
meetings, forwarded by suitable conveyances to the 

and to be "^ . i • i i 

seasonably monthly meetings to which they are directed 
orwar e . — ^^^^ being the exclusive property of such 
meetings. 

Corres- Each Quarterly and Monthly Meeting 
pon en s. g]^^^^^ appoint a correspondent, to whom cer- 
tificates or other communications intended for 
the meeting should be addressed, and whose 
duty it should be to acknowledge promptly, 
by letter or otherwise, the reception of such 



CHARITY AND UNITY. 23 

communications, and also to forward from 
their respective meetings such papers as may 
be placed in their charge for that purpose. 
The name and post-office address of each cor- 
respondent to be forwarded annually to the 
Yearly Meeting, and a full list thereof pub- 
lished in the extracts. (1864.) 



CHARITY AND UNITY. 

It is advised, that where there is any ap- Dissension, 
pearance of dissension and variance, or of un- 
kind resentment and shyness among our mem- 
bers, the parties be timely and tenderly 
apprized of the danger to which they thereby 
expose both themselves and others, and ear- 
nestly exhorted to mutual condescension and 
forgiveness, becoming the followers of Christ : 
And if any, notwithstanding such endeavours 
for their help, continue to manifest an impla- 
cable enmity to others, the overseers or other impiaca- 
solid Friends of the preparative or monthly ty. 
meeting they belong to, should be informed 
thereof, and labour further with them : when, 
if they still prove inflexible, they ought to be 
testified against as out of the unity of the 
body — the very end of whose existence is the 
promotion of peace on earth, and good-will 
amongst men. 



CIVIL GOVERNMENT. 

Liberty of LiBERTY of conscience beinff the common 

con- . . '-' . 

science. Fight of all men, and particularly essential to 
the well-being of religious societies, we hold it 
to be indispensably incumbent upon us to 
maintain it inviolably among ourselves : and 

Caution therefore advise and exhort all in profession 

respecting p /y» 

offices. With US, to decline the acceptance of any office 
or station in civil government, the duties of 
which are inconsistent with our religious prin- 
ciples ; or in the exercise of which they may 
be, or think themselves to be, under the neces- 
sity of exacting of their brethren any com- 
pliances against which we are conscientiously 
scrupulous. And if any persons in member- 
ship with us, notwithstanding this advice, shall 
persist in a conduct so reverse to our principles 
and religious liberty, it is the sense of this 
Meeting that they be treated with, as in other 
cases of offence ; and if they cannot be brought 
to see and acknowledge their error, that the 
monthly meetings to which they belong should 
proceed to testify our disunity with them. 

Not to And it is also the sense and judgment of this 

berstosta- Meeting, that Friends ought not, in any wise, 
wMcbtend ^^ ^^ activc or acccssory in electing, or promot- 
to lay ing to be elected, their brethren to such offices 
testimo- or stations in civil government, the execution 
^®^' whereof tends to lay waste our Christian testi- 



CONDUCT AND CONVERSATION. 25 

mony, or subject their brethren or others to 
sufferings on account of their conscientious 
scruples. 

Believing that we are called to show forth to Peaceable 
the world in life and practice, that the blessed of Christ. 
reign of the Messiah, the Prince of peace, is 
begun, and we doubt not will proceed till it at- 
tains its completion in the earth, when accord- 
ing to the prophecies of Isaiah and Micah, 
" Nation shall not lift up sword against nation 
neither shall they learn war any more." In- 
fluenced by these principles, we cannot con- whose 
sistently join with such as form combinations canmltjoin 
of a hostile nature against any ; much less in ^^ i^ostiie 

^ . . measures. 

opposition to those placed in sovereign or sub- 
ordinate authority; nor can we unite with or 
encourage such as revile and asperse them; for 
it is written, " Thou shalt not speak evil of the 
ruler of thy people." Acts xxiii. 5. 



CONDUCT AND CONVERSATION. 

"Whatever exercises we may meet with on Faithful- 
account of a faithful testimony to the Truth in commen^i 
all godliness of conversation ; and to the end ^^• 
that we may not faint in our minds, let us con- 

3 



26 CONDUCT AND CONVERSATION. 

sider the Captain of our salvation, who endured 
the contradiction of sinners, bearing his cross 
and despising the shame, and is now set down 
on the right hand of God, where he continually 
maketh intercession for us — that following him, 
and under his banner fighting the good fight 
of faith, we may finally obtain the crown of 
righteousness which fadeth not away. 

Scandal- Adviscd, that such be dealt with who are 
ous prac- givcu to lying, swearing, cursing ; men and 

tices con- i x* n i i • . 

demned or womcu uulawtuliy or unsecmly keepmg com- 
testified panv witli cach other, or any other scandalous 

against. . *' . 

practice ; and where any are guilty of gross or 
notorious crimes, or such other disorderly or 
indecent practices as shall occasion public scan- 
dal, — after being dealt with by the overseers 
or other concerned Friends, if they are brought 
to a sense thereof, such offenders ought with- 
out improper delay to remove the scandal, and 
clear, as much as in them lies, our holy profes- 
sion therefrom, by acknowledging the offence, 
and condemning the same in writing under 
their hand, to the satisfaction of the monthly 
meeting whereto they belong. And where any 
such offender refuseth so to acknowledge and 
condemn the fault, the said monthly meeting 
ought speedily to testify against him or her, and 
the fact. 

Biasphe- If any in membership with us shall blas- 
daim ear- phcmc, or spcak profanely of Almighty God, 
lycare. Christ Jcsus, or the Holy Spirit, he or she 



CONDUCT AND CONVERSATION. 27 

ought early to be tenderly treated with foi 
their instruction, and the convincement of their 
understanding, that they may experience re- 
pentance and forgiveness; but should any, not- persisting 
withstanding this brotherly labour, persist in o^Sying 
their error, or deny the divinity of our Lord the divin- 
and Saviour Jesus Christ, the immediate reve- christ, 
lation of the Holy Spirit, or the authenticity ^^^^^;^°/ 
of the Scriptures ; as it is manifest they are not ment. 
one in faith with us, the monthly meeting 
where the party belongs, having extended due 
care for the help and benefit of the individual 
without effect, ought to declare the same, and 
issue their testimony accordingly. 

It is the earnest concern of this Meeting, strict jus- 
that in all our dealings and transactions among our deal- 
men, strict justice may be observed; and that JJJIervei^ 
no motives of pecuniary interest may induce 
any of our members to impose on each other, 
or on their neighbours: and it is desired that 
monthly meetings may be careful to extend 
suitable admonition against a spirit of covetous- 
ness, and against every appearance of deviation 
from strict justice in any of our members. 

Frequent waiting in stillness on the Lord for Waiting in 
the renewal of strength, keeps the mind at recom-^ 
home in its proper place and duty, and out of tended, 
all unprofitable association and converse, whe- 
ther amongst those of our own, or other pro- 
fessions. Much hurt may accrue to the reli- 



28 CONVINCED PERSONS. 

Unneces- gious mind by long and frequent conversation 
versation" ^^ temporal matters, especially by interesting 
on tempo- oursclvcs unncccssarilv in them ; for there is a 

ral mat- . '^ , , . , . ^ 

ters dis- Icavcn in that propensity, which being suffered 

courage . ^^ prevail, indisposes and benumbs the soul, 

and prevents its frequent ascendings in living 

aspirations towards the Fountain of eternal 

life. 



CONVINCED PERSONS. 

It is concluded that the following order be 
observed respecting persons who apply for ad- 
mittance into membership, and request to come 
Admission Under the care of Friends. That they apply 
bersi^!°^' ^^ tbe overseers or elders, who, when they are 
easy so to do, are to lay it before the prepara- 
tive meeting; and, after that meeting is fully 
satisfied, by paying a solid visit or otherwise, 
they are to lay the case before the monthly 
meeting; which meeting shall appoint some 
suitable Friends to inquire into the person's 
life and conversation, and also to take a solid 
opportunity of conference with the party, in 
order the better to understand whether his or 
her motives for such request be sincere, and on 
the ground of true convincement ; and make 
report of their sense of the person's suitableness 



CONVINCED PERSONS. 29 

to become a member: on which, when the 
meeting is satisfied, a minute should be made, 
signifying the acceptance of such into member- 
ship, and appointing a Friend or two to acquaint 
the person thereof, requesting his or her attend- 
ance at the next monthly meeting. 

But in all such cases. Friends are exhorted Caution 
to attend carefully to the advice of the apostle, haste. 
*' Lay hands suddenly on no man." The neg- 
lect of such caution having often been inju- 
rious both to the individuals and to the Society 
— to them, by settling them in a false rest; and 
to the Society, by adding to its numbers, with- 
out increasing its joy. 

Wherefore, we desire, that on every applica- 
tion of persons to be received into membership 
with us, monthly meetings may be deep and 
weighty in their deliberations and result; and, without 
when united in believing that the applicants 3ou or 
are clearly convinced of our religious principles, ^^^o^- 
and in a good degree subject to the Divine wit- 
ness in their own hearts, manifested by a cir- 
cumspect life and conduct, said meetings are 
at liberty to receive such into membership, 
without respect to nation or colour. And such Disowned 
as may have been disowned, and incline to be- received 
come members, may be received on their own Q8^8^^^^ 
request as other applicants. 



DAYS AND TIMES. 

Some reasons for not observing fasts and feast 
days and times, and other human injunctions 
and institutions relative to the woi'shi/p of God. 

Ever since we were a people, we have had a 
testimony against formal worship; being con- 
vinced by the precepts of our Lord Jesus Christ, 
the testimonies of his apostles, and our own 
experience, that the worship and prayers which 
God accepts, are such only as are produced by 
the influence and assistance of his Holy Spirit; 
we cannot therefore consistently unite with any 
in the observation of public fasts, feasts, and 
what they term holy days; or such injunctions 
and forms as are devised in man's will for Di- 
vine worship. The dispensation to which out- 
ward observations were peculiar, having long 
since given place to the spiritual dispensation 
of the gospel, we believe the fast we are now 
called to is not the bowing of the head like a 
bulrush for a day, but an universal and con- 
tinual fasting and refraining from every thing 
which has a tendency to defile the soul, and 
unfit it for becoming the temple of the Holy 
Ghost; according to the injunctions of Christ 
to his primitive disciples, " If any man will 
come after me, let him take up his daily cross 
30 



DAYS AND TIMES. 31 

and follow me. Watch ye therefore and pray 
always, that ye may be accounted worthy to 
escape all these things that shall come to pass, 
and to stand before the Son of Man." That 
the primitive believers saw an end to these 
shadows of good things, by coming to Him in 
whom all figures and shadows end, is evident 
by the words of the apostle Paul : " For Christ," 
said he, " is the end of the law for righteous- 
ness to every one that belie veth." Rom. x. 4. 
" But now hath he obtained a more excellent 
ministry, by how much also he is the mediator 
of a better covenant, which was established 
upon better promises." Heb. viii. 6. " Let no 
man therefore judge you in meat or drink, or 
in respect of an holy day, or of the new moon, 
or of the sabbath days, which are a shadow of 
things to come, but the body is of Christ." Col. 
ii. 16, 17. And the same apostle thus expos- 
tulated with some who it appears had fallen 
from the true faith in these respects : "But now 
after that ye have known God, how turn ye 
again to the beggarly elements, whereunto ye 
desire again to be in bondage? Ye observe 
days and months, and times, and years: I am 
afraid of you lest I have bestowed upon you 
labour in vain." Gal. iv. 9, 10, 11. 



DEFAMATIOJST AND DETEACTIOK 

strictvigi- Friends are everywhere exhorted to main- 
against taiu a strict watch over themselves and each 
the spirit other, Bo^ainst the subtle and mischievous spirit 

of detrac- . . . 

tion re- of tale-bcaring and detraction — the manifest 
commen - ^^^^jgj-j^^y ^f which is to lay waste the unity of 
the body, by sowing the seeds of disesteem, 
strife, and discord among brethren and neigh- 
bours ; as w^ell as to unfit those who either pro- 
pagate or listen to evil reports, for being of that 
service to the persons reflected upon, which 
they might be if the order prescribed by our 
blessed Lord to his church, was strictly ob- 
Gospei served, viz : " If thy brother shall trespass 
°^^®^' a2;ainst thee, s:o and tell him his fault between 
thee and him alone: if he shall hear thee, thou 
hast gained thy brother. But if he will not 
hear thee, then take with thee one or tw^o more, 
that, in the mouth of two or three witnesses, 
every word may be established. And if he 
shall neglect to hear them, tell it unto the 
church; but if he neglect to hear the church, 
let him be unto thee as an heathen man and a 
publican." 

Detractors It is therefore advised, that in whomsoever 
fi^ed^ ^^ ^" this weakness appears, it may be immediately 
against if checked; and, if any one gives way to it, to 

32 



^ DISCIPLINE. 33 

the obvious iniury of another's reputation the labor 

. is ineflfec- 

or interest, let him or her be faithfully ad- tuai. 
monished; and, if they persist, and cannot be 
prevailed with to give due satisfaction, the 
preparative or monthly meeting should be 
informed of it, and deal further with them; 
when, if this produce not the desired effect, 
they should be testified against. 

And if any member w^ho offends in this Hearsay 
respect, shelters him or herself under a pre- ^^^^^ ®^^' 
tence that they say no more than they have 
heard from others, but will not discover who 
they are, — such reporters or tale-bearers should 
in like manner be dealt with, and testified 
' against as being themselves the authors. 



DISCIPLINE AND MEETINGS FOE 
DISCIPLINE. 

The institution of our meetings for disci- 
pline having on experience been found very 
beneficial, it is earnestly recommended they 
may be maintained in that authority wherein 
they w^ere established. Where any have been 
negligent in attending them, or opposed to 
their usefulness, carnality and spiritual death 
have been the consequence. 

C 



34 DISCIPLINE. 

Coimec- The connection arid subordination of our 
Bubordi- meetings for discipline are thus: Preparative 
meetkigs. ni^^tings are accountable to the monthly; 
monthly, to the Quarterly; and the Quarterly, 
to the Yearly Meeting. So that if the Yearly 
Meeting be at any time dissatisfied with the 
proceedings of any inferior meeting; or a 
Quarterly meeting with the proceedings of 
either of its monthly meetings; or a monthly 
meeting with the proceedings of either of its 
preparative meetings — such meeting or meet- 
ings ought with readiness and meekness to 
render an account thereof when required. 

To make When it may be thought expedient to make 

disci- or alter any rule of discipline, the subject shall 

men^' and ^^^^^ claim the attention of a Monthly Meeting 

women to of men or women Friends, and in case the 

proposition should be united with in both 

branches, it is to be forwarded to the Quarterly 

Meeting, and when there united with in like 

manner, be forwarded to the Yearly Meeting 

of men and women Friends for consideration 

and approval. (1861.) 

Setting up It is agreed, that no Quarterly meeting be 
down^^^^^ set up or laid down, without the consent of 
meetings. ^^iQ Yearly Meeting; no monthly meeting 
without the consent of the Quarterly meeting; 
nor any preparative or other meeting for busi- 
ness or worship, till application to the monthly 
meeting is first made; and, when there ap- 
proved, the consent of the Quarterly meeting 



DISCIPLINE. 35 

be also obtained. Also, that no meeting for 
worship intended to consist of Friends belong- 
ing to two or more monthly meetings shall be 
set up, until the proposal be offered to and 
approved by both those monthly meetings, 
and the consent of their respective Quarterly 
meeting or meetings be obtained. When the 
meeting proposed, is opened, it should be at- 
tended by a few solid Friends, deputed by each 
of the said monthly meetings. And, if at any 
time it is thought expedient that a preparative 
meeting should be held at the same place, the 
consent of the said monthly and Quarterly 
meetings should be, in like manner, applied 
for and obtained; and the said preparative 
meeting should be annexed to either one or 
the other of those monthly meetings, as may 
be most likely to conduce to the benefit of the 
individuals who compose it, and the advantage 
of Society. 

It is directed, that a book be provided by Books to 
every monthly and Quarterly meeting, and ^^ f^ Mr 
fair minutes be kept therein, of all matters record of 
which shall come before and be determined by 
them. Monthly meetings, particularly, are 
advised to attend to and finish all such busi- 
ness with care and despatch, that it may, at 
no time, suffer by improper delay. And if any Monthly 
case under consideration proves too weighty or Quarterfy*' 
difficult for them to determine, they should °i^e*i°ss 

^ '^ _ fox* assist- 

apply to their respective Quarterly meetings ance. 



meetings. 



36 DISCIPLINE. 

for assistance ; or, if the circumstances are 
such as to require it, refer it thereto by 
minute. 

Copies of It is the sense of this Meeting, as a general 
may\e rulc in all cases, that where any monthly or 
granted to Quarterly meetino^ has occasion for, and re- 

meetinsrs. ^ J o ^ 

quests copies of any of the papers, minutes, or 
records of another monthly or Quarterly meet- 
hig, the same may accordingly be granted. 

And also Where any difference happens among 
if Q^uarter- Friends, and the same be entered in any 
^^' ^^^^\ monthly or Quarterly meeting; book, it is 

moutlily '^ *^ . °, ^ 

meetings agreed, that if the parties, or either of them, 
therXf^ think that copies of such entries may be useful 
and necessary for them, and request the same, 
such monthly and Quarterly meetings shall 
have a discretional power to give or refuse 
such copies, according to the circumstances 
and motives attending. 

Represen- It is agreed, that a suitable number of men 

the^^uar^- and womcn be appointed in each monthly 

tcrty and fleeting, to attend the service of the Quarterly 

meetings, meeting, with such reports in writing, signed 

by their clerks, as may be given them in 

charge : also, that at least four of each sex be 

appointed in each Quarterly meeting to attend 

the Yearly Meeting. 



Punctual 
attend- 
ance or 



And.it is earnestly advised and desired, that 
all Friends who submit to these, or any other 



DISCIPLINE. 37 

services of Society, may be punctual in their reason for 
attendance thereon ; or, if prevented by sick- advised, 
ness or any other unavoidable occurrence, that 
they be careful to send information thereof; 
also, that those who are under appointments 
to meetings, do not withdraw therefrom before 
the conclusion, without obtaining the meet- 
ing's consent. 

And when proposals of marriage are made, 
if any near relations of the parties (who are 
not in membership) are permitted to be pre- 
sent, they should withdraw before the meeting 
proceeds to any other business. 

It is advised, that if a member under dealing Mode of 
removes into the compass of another monthly ^ith tifose 
meeting; or, if previous to or after such re- '"^ho reside 
moval, the. conduct of him or her has been tance. 
such as to require their being dealt with — 
and their residence be at so great a distance as 
to render it inconvenient for the monthly 
meeting to which they belong, it should re- 
quest that into which they are removed, to 
treat with them according to our rules, and to 
report the effect of its care ; when, if it is satis- 
factory, the party should be recommended by 
certificate; or if otherwise, and a testimony 
of denial is issued, a copy thereof should be 
sent to the monthly meeting within the limits 
of which he or she resides, and that meeting 
is to appoint two or more Friends to inform 
them thereof, and of their right of appeal. 

4 



38 DISCIPLINE. 

Minuted After a charge against a member for dis- 
norto^it orderly conduct is entered on the minutes of a 
in any monthlv mcetins^, he or she should not be per- 

meeting ^ . 7 . 

for disci- mitted to sit in any of our meetings for disci- 
^^''^^' pline, till the case is issued, and the monthly 
meeting satisfied. 

It is advised, that where any transgress the 
Trans- rulcs of our discipline, they may, without 
SSo-'^ partiality, be admonished and sought in the 
nished. spirit of love and Divine charity; so that it 
may be seen by all, that the restoring spirit 
of meekness and Christian love abounds, before 
church censure takes place; and that a gospel 
spirit is the spring and motive to all our per- 
formances, as well in discipline as in worship. 

It is earnestly recommended, that in con- 
ducting the affairs of the church, Friends en- 
deavour to manage them in the peaceable 
spirit and wisdom of Jesus, with decency, for- 
bearance, and love to each other. 



cases 



SuflFering It appearing by the minutes of the meeting 
for sufferings, that on inspection of some of 
the accounts of sufferings sent up by the Quar- 
terly meetings, considerable difficulty has been 
occasioned by those accounts not expressing, 
with sufficient clearness, what the sufferings 
mentioned w^ere for; it is now desired that the 
monthly and Quarterly meetings may in future 
leave out of their reports any instances which 



DISCIPLINE. 39 

do not appear to be clearly consistent with the 
sense of this Yearly Meeting; and that they Sent up 
continue to collect and send up their accounts audTe-^ 
of sufferings annually as heretofore directed; corded. 
and that they be preserved and recorded agree- 
ably to the practice of our ancient Friends; 
reciting the sums demanded, — the kind and 
amount of property taken, — by whom the dis- 
traints were made, — and the authority under 
which the officers acted. 

As to the rights of children whose parents Rights of 
have been married contrary to the rules of our defined!^ 
discipline, it is agreed, that where either of 
those parents remain out of membership, their 
children should not be esteemed members, till 
application for their admission is made either 
by themselves or by their parent, parents, or 
guardians, on their behalf, and the monthly 
meeting applied .to, on a solid consideration of 
the case, is easy to admit them or any of them. 
The rights of children born of parents who 
have been married according to our rules, or 
of such children whose parents have both 
become members, and one of them afterwards 
disowned, are not intended to be affected by 
this rule, if a parent of either of those descrip- 
tions retains a right of membership at the 
time of the birth of any such child. (1815.) 

If any member of our religious society shall Sorcery tc 
apply to those called jugglers or fortune-tellers, agaSst. 



40 DISCIPLINE. 

or those who by colour of any art or skill 
whatsoever, pretend to a knowledge of future 
events, hidden transactions, or where things 
lost or stolen may be found ; or if any of our 
members shall use, or pretend to such art or 
skill, it is advised that they be speedily dealt 
with; and if they do not manifest a due sense of 
their evil conduct, that they be testified against. 

Clerks. A Committee should be annually appointed 

in each of our Quarterly and monthly meet- 
ings, for the nomination of clerks; which may 
afford opportunity for their being seasonably 
changed, and more of our qualified members 
exercised in those services. 

Service of As the usc and design of preparative meet- 
tive^meet- ^^^o^ ^^ ^^ general to digest and prepare busi- 
"»gs. ness, as occasion may require, which may be 
proper to be laid before the lyionthly meeting, 
Friends ought to be careful therein, not to 
occasion unnecessary delays, or undertake to 
decide on any business which claims attention 
and care in monthly meetings. And when 
cases are agreed to be carried forward, they 
should be entered in writing, and some suitable 
Friend or Friends named to produce them to 
the monthly meetings ; and proper notes there- 
of should be carefully preserved by clerks of 
preparative meetings, as to said meetings may 
appear useful and right. But no preparative 
meeting shall take cognizance of proposals of 
marriage, this being exclusively the business 
of monthly meetings. 



DONATIONS AND SUBSCEIPTIONS. 

Executors and trustees concerned in wills 
and settlements, are advised to a faithful and 
punctual discharge of their respective trusts, 
according to the intent of the donors and testa- 
tors; and both they and the meetings con- 
cerned in any charitable gifts, legacies or 
bequests, to take special care that these be not 
perverted or appropriated to any other uses 
than such as the donors or testators have 
directed and enjoined by legal settlement, will, 
or testament. 



FAMILY VISITS. 

As the visiting of Friends in their families 
in the openings of heavenly wisdom, is a ser- 
vice which hath often been blessed to the 
minds of the visitors and visited, this Meeting 
hath from time to time recommended it to the 
solid attention of Quarterly and monthly meet- 
ings : and it is desired, that concerns of this 
nature may be tenderly cherished, and those 
4* 41 



42 GAMING AND DIVERSIONS. 

who are rightly exercised therein, encouraged 
to move forward in due season, and in humble 
dependence on the Shepherd of Israel, who 
not only puts his own forth, but goes before 
and rewards all who are faithful to his appoint- 
ments, with the enriching reward of sweet 
comfort and solid peace. 



GAMING AND DIVERSIONS. 



Gaming 
and evil 
diversions 
cause of 
disown- 
meut. 



As our time passeth swiftly away, and our 
delight ought to be in the law of the Lord ; it 
is advised that a watchful care be exercised 
over our youth, to prevent their going to stage- 
plays, horse-races, music, dancing, or any such 
vain sports and pastimes ; and being concerned 
in lotteries, wagering, or other species of gam- 
ing. And if any of our members fall into 
either of these practices, and cannot be pre- 
vailed w4th, by private labour, to decline them, 
the monthly meetings to which the offenders 
belong, should be informed thereof; and, if they 
be not reclaimed by further labour, proceed to 
testify our disunity with them. 



LAW. 

If any member is complained of for with- 
holding a just debt, he or she should be ten- withhoid- 
derly urged to payment ; and if this is unavail- deircausa 
ing, be dealt with as in other cases of dis- pf deal- 
orderly conduct. And if any of our members 
appear unable to satisfy their creditors, they 
should be advised to call them together with- insolvents 
out loss of time; and submit the state of their ^dytce ot^ 
affairs to their inspection : when, if the ere- creditors. 
ditors apprehend a surrender of the debtor's 
effects to assignees for the benefit of the whole 
to be necessary, let him or her be earnestly en- 
treated to consent ; and, if they refuse so to do, 
the monthly meeting should be informed 
thereof; when, if the party still persists in Refusing 
refusing, he or she should be disowned with- dWn-^ 
out too long delay. ment. 

But if Friends in such difficult circumstances Compas 
manifest an honest intention, and shall offer ^^^^^^^ 
their all to their creditors, let compassion and debtors. 
aid be extended to them as brethren, and ob- 
jects of Christian charity — having done what 
they can, no more for the present is justly to 
be expected from them. Yet it is the judg- Payment 
ment of this meeting, that if persons so failing whenTf * 
in their circumstances, should at any time ability. 

43 



44 LAW. 

afterwards be favoured with full ability to pay 
off their deficiencies^ justice will require it of 
them, notwithstanding a composition with, and 
legal discharge from their creditors may have 
been obtained. This is however not meant to 
furnish any with a pretext for advancing such 
claims, while persons so deficient are honestly 
labouring to retrieve their circumstances, nor 
until it shall clearly appear to their respective 
monthly meetings, or to a solid committee 
thereof, that a sufiicient ability is arrived at; 
when, if they are requested to comply, and per- 
sist in refusing, the said meetings should pro- 
ceed to disown them. 

No undue And it is desired, that no debtors may shel- 
taJe^^o be ^^^ thcmselvcs Under such of our rules, as are 
taken of designed to ffuard us aorainst an unkind treat- 

onr rules. o ^ i ' 

ment of each other, unjustly hoping to be 
thereby put out of the reach of the civil au- 
thority. 

Suits at And it is the sense of this Meetino;, that if 
any member thereof, disregarding the gospel 
order prescribed by our discipline, shall arrest 
or sue at law another member (not being un- 
der such a necessity so to do, as may satisfy 
the overseers or other solid and judicious 
Friends of the meeting to which the latter be- 
longs) he or she in so doing, doth depart from 
the peaceable principle we make profession of; 
and if, on being treated with by the monthly 



MARRIAGES. 



45 



meeting to which they belong, they cannot be 
prevailed with to withdraw the suit and pay 
the costs thereof, they should be disowned. 



MARKIAGES. (1842.) 

The Society of Friends have ever regarded 
the marriage contract as one of a religious na- 
ture. It is therefore earnestly and affection- 
ately advised, that our members, previously to 
making any procedure in this important con- 
cern, do seriously and humbly wait upon the Divine 

T T n ^ ' 1 1 T I • 11 counsel to 

Lord tor his counsel and direction ; and when be waited 
favoured with satisfactory clearness therein, ^^ren^^ 
they should acquaint their parents or guar- informed. 
dians with their intentions. Thus, preservation 
from the dangerous bias of forward and uncer- 
tain affections, would be experienced, to the 
real benefit of the parties, and the comfort of 
their friends. 

The principles on which the good order in 
our religious Society, in relation to the accom- 
plishment of marriage, is founded, are, 

Firstly. For the preservation of harmony. Consent of 
peace, and unity in families : and, to guard P^^®^*^* 
against hasty and improper connections, the 



46 



MARRIAGES. 



Care of 

monthly 
meetings. 



Mixed 
marriages. 



consent of parents should be early obtained 
by the parties. 

Secondly. That Friends may proceed cora- 
mendably in this important connection, the 
proposal of marriage should be laid before the 
monthly meeting, in order that Friends may 
extend a watchful care over their members, 
and see that they are clear of other similar 
engagements. 

Thirdly. To discountenance mixed mar- 
riages; or the marriages of our members with 
those of other principles and professions of 
religion: because unhappiness is often the 
result of such connections, and difficulties and 
embarrassments are liable to ensue in the 
education of children. 



Hireling Fouvthlv. To maintain our testimony asrainst 

mmistry. . . , . . . . 

an hireling ministry, by avoiding the assist- 
ance of a priest or hireling minister, in accom- 
plishing this solemn engagement. 

For the purpose of maintaining these princi- 
ples and testimonies, it is agreed that the 
following order be observed in the accomplish- 
ment of marriages. 

Proposals. The parties making proposals of marriage 
are to communicate their intentions to the 
men's and women's monthly meeting in writ- 



MARKIAGES. 47 

ing, signed by them both, in the following 
manner : 

" To the Monthly Meeting of Form. 

With Divine permission and Friends' approba- 
tion, we intend marriage with each other." 

Whereupon, if they belong to the same Committee 
meeting, a committee of men and women ^ ^^"i^^^y- 
Friends should be appointed to make inquiry 
respecting the clearness of the parties from 
other similar engagements. If they have 
parents or guardians, their consent should be consent of 
expressed in the meeting, or produced in w^it- p^^'®"*^- 
ing, when it is practicable, or may reasonably 
be obtained. Should the woman be a widow Rights of 
having children, the committee are to see that Jhiid^en 
the rio-hts of the children are leo;ally secured, i^g^iiy se- 

^ , , . cured. 

At the next meeting, if the committee report 
that inquiry has been made, and no obstruc- 
tion to the further proceeding appears, the 
monthly meeting may leave the parties at 
liberty to accomplish their marriage, accord- 
ing to our order, at a public meeting, or at 
such other time and place as it may approve; Time and 
except on the first day of the week ; and ^ ^^^' 
appoint two Friends of each sex to have the Overseers 
care and oversight thereof. If any member is 
about to marry without the limits of the 
monthly meeting of which he or she is a mem- 
ber, care should be taken to procure a certifi- Certificate 
cate from the meeting they belong to, of their ness. 



48 MARRIAGES. 

right of membership, and clearness from any 
other person with respect to marriage; and 
produce the same to the monthly meeting in 
which the proposal of marriage is made. 

Advised to It is affectionately advised, that marriages be 
Sonr&c. accomplished decently, gravely, and weightily ; 
and that the parties themselves, their parents, 
and others concerned, do take care that mode- 
ration be observed, and no reproach arise, or 
occasion of offence be given; but that all 
behave with such sobriety as becomes a people 
fearing God. If any thing to the contrary be 
observed, the overseers or other concerned 
Friends present, ought in brotherly love to 
admonish to a better behaviour. And the said 
Overseers ovcrsccrs are to make report to the next 
to report. j^Q^^jjy meeting, whether this advice concern- 
ing good order and moderation has been ob- 
served, and take care that the marriage certifi- 
cate be recorded. 

Form of The form of w^hich certificate shall be as 

certificate. 

lollows : 

Whereas, A. B. of , in the 

county of , in ...... ., son of 

C. B. of and H. his wife; and 

D. E. daughter of F. E. of and 

M. his wife, having declared their intentions 
of marriage with each other, before a monthly 
meeting of the religious Society of Friends, 
held at , according to the good 



MARRIAGES. 49 

order used among them [_wliere the parties are 
under the care of parents or guardians, add'\ 
and having consent of parents or guardians 
concerned [_as the case is"] their said proposal of 
marriage was allowed of by the said meeting. 
Now these are to certify whom it may concern, 
that for the full accomplishment of their said 

intentions, this day of the 

month, in the year of our Lord , 

they, the said A. B. and D. E. appeared in a 
public meeting* of the said Society, held at 

aforesaid; and the said A. B. 

taking the said D. E. by the hand, did, on this 
solemn occasion, openly declare, that he took 
her, the said D. E. to be his wife, promising, 
with Divine assistance, to be unto her a loving 
and faithful husband, until death should sepa- 
rate them; and then, in the same assembly, 
the said D. E. did in like manner declare, that 
she took him, the said A. B. to be her husband, 
promising, with Divine assistance, to be unto 
him a loving and faithful wife, until death 
should separate them. And moreover, they, 
the said A. B. and D. E. (she according to the 
custom of marriage, assuming the name of her 
husband) did, as a further confirmation thereof, 
then and there to these presents set their 
hands. 



* When the marriage is accomplished at a private house, instead 
of the words, "in a public meeting of the said Society, held at 

aforesaid," say, "at the house of .... in the 

of " 

5 D 



50 



MARRIAGES. 



No misde- 
meanor to 
be trea- 
Bured up. 



And we whose names are also hereunto sub- 
scribed, being present at the solemnization 
of the said marriage and subscription, have, 
as witnesses thereto, set our hands, the day 
and year above written. 

A.B. 

D.B. 

Advised, that no misdemeanor be treasured 
up against a person until the time of present- 
ing proposals of marriage, and then started, 
though perhaps long before done, and known 
to those who object to it at that time : which 
is a wrong thing, and should be checked and 
discouraged in all meetings. 



No pro- 
posals 
sooner 
than one 
year after 
death of 
husband 
and wife. 

Consan- 
guinity. 



No monthly meeting ought to permit any 
marriage to be proposed in said meeting, sooner 
than one year after the death of husband or 
wife. 

That marriages of persons nearly related 
by consanguinity, may as much as in us lies 
be prevented, this Meeting concludes, that no 
marriage between any so near akin as first 
cousins shall be permitted amongst us. The 
term "first cousins" fully applies to every de- 
scription of grandchildren descended from one 
common parent. 



Improper It is adviscd that Friends exercise a reli- 
tions. gious care in watching over their children, and 



MARRIAGES. 51 

endeavour to guard them against improper or 
unequal connections in marriage; that they be 
not anxious to obtain for them large portions 
and settlements; but that they be joined with 
persons of religious inclinations, suitable dis- 
positions, and diligence in their business: 
which are necessary to a comfortable life in a 
married state. 

In order, as much as may be, to prevent Mixed 
mixed marriages, or the accomplishment of ^^^^^^ 
marriages out of our comely order, parents 
and Friends are tenderly advised to an increas- 
ing care of the youth; early to admonish and 
instruct them in the principles of Truth, by 
upright example as well as precept; and en- 
deavour to impress their minds with the duty 
of religiously observing them; as much as 
possible restraining them from such company 
as is likely to entangle their aJGfections in an 
improper manner. 

Let those of our members be admonished Admoni- 
who keep company with persons not of our 
Society, in order for marriage; or who are 
present themselves, or consent to their chil- 
dren being present at marriages of those not 
in membership, which are accomplished by the 
assistance of a priest or hireling minister. 

And when any of our members do join in Mixed 
marriage with those of other principles and "^^^"^^ea 



52 MARRIAGES. 

and by a professions of religion; or accomplish their 
^^^^^ ' marriage by the assistance of a priest; or are 
Attending present at the marriage of a member accom- 
plished by the official interference of a priest 
or hireling minister, they should be treated 
with in order to convince them of the impro- 
priety of their proceeding; and if not brought 
Cause of to a scnsc of their deviation, so as to make 
ment. Satisfaction to the meeting, let them be testified 
against. 

Without If any member of our Society accomplish 
bation^o7' J^is or her marriage without the approbation 
i^^iTet-^' ^^ ^^^ monthly meeting, and it should appear 
ing. by the report of a committee appointed to visit 

No im- him or her, that no immoral conduct, nor breach 
duct, &c. of our testimonies has taken place in the ac- 
complishment of said marriage, and that the 
party is desirous of retaining a right of mem- 
bership, monthly meetings may be at liberty 
to retain such member, without requiring a 
Both written acknowledgment. But when both par- 
members, ties are amenable to our discipline, and not 
giving a satisfactory acknowledgment in writ- 
ing, they are to be testified against as for 
other breaches of the discipline. (1846.) 

First It is not intended to leave monthly meet- 

cousms. -j^gg ^^ liberty to continue those in membership 
who marry their first cousins, without a satis- 
factory acknowledgment in writing. (1846.) 

f. . As there are many persons not in membership with us, who 

not in are not of other principles or professions of religion, but who 

member- manifest an interest in the maintenance of our testimonies, it is 

concluded that, when any such person is about to proceed in Mar- 



MARRIAGES. 53 

riage with a member, he or she shall be at liberty to make appli- 
cation to the men and women Overseers of the Monthly Meeting 
to which the member belongs ; when, if the Overseers are satis- 
fied, the proposals of marriage may be laid before the iNlonthly 
Meeting in the usual form; and the Meeting shall make inquiry, 
and have the same care and oversight of the marriage, and pro- 
coed in the manner prescribed by Discipline where both are mem- 
bers of the same Monthly Meeting. But these proceedings shall 
not give a right of membership to such persons or to their off- 
spring — 1866, 

MEETmG HOUSES. 

It is recommended to Quarterly and monthly Titles to be 
meetings to make timely and careful insjDec- "^^p®*^'®^- 
.tion into the situation of the titles of meeting 
houses, burial grounds, and other estates which 
have been vested in trustees, and by them held 
for the use and benefit of the Society at large, 
or of any of those meetings; so that if it 
should appear needful by the death of any Tmsts re- 
such trustees or otherwise, due and seasonable ^^^® * 
care may be taken to appoint some others to 
the trust; that future difficulties and the risk 
of being deprived of such estates may be 
avoided. And it is further recommended, that 
Quarterly and monthly meetings respectively 
as the case may require, keep exact records 
of all such trusts and conveyances ; and also Care of 
that a clear and regular account be kept by minuses 
each respective meeting, of the place where, ^^*^ 
and the persons with whom the papers, minutes 
and records belonging to our religious society 
are from time to time deposited; wherein due 
care should be taken to lodge them with suit- 
able Friends. 
5* 



EEPEESENTATIVE COMMITTEE OR 
MEETING FOR SUFFERINGS. 

(1829.) 

Four from In Order that this Yearly Meeting may be 
teriymeet- properly represented in the intervals thereof, 
^^' it is directed that each Quarterly meeting pro- 

duce, in their reports to the Yearly Meeting 
annually, the names of four suitable Friends, 
to constitute together a Representative Com- 
mittee, or Meeting for Sufferings, to be held 
and regulated according to the following rules : 

Minutes. Fii'st. The Said Committee shall keep fair 
minutes of all its proceedings, and annually 
lay them before the Yearly Meeting. 



Quorum. 



Second. No less number than twelve of the 



members attending, shall 



constitute a meeting 



capable of transacting any business. 



Notice to 
be given. 



Tldrd. On all occasions of uncommon im- 
portance, previous notice thereof shall be given, 
or sent, to all the members, if practicable. 



May sit on 
its own ad- 
journ- 
ments. 



FoitrtJi. The said Committee may sit on its 
own adjournments, and order these, as well as 
the times of its stated meetings, according to 
the business before them! 
64 



REPRESENTATIVE COMMITTEE. 55 

The services confided to this Committee, 
are, in general : 

First. To represent this Yearly Meeting Not to 
during its recess, and to act on its behalf in ^uh faith 
cases where the welfare of our relisrious society %<^isci- 

o J plme. 

may render it needful. But it is not to med- 
dle with any matter of faith or discipline. 

Second. To procure and distribute such Books, 
books, or pamphlets, as may be a means of 
spreading the knowledge of our religious prin- 
ciples or testimonies; and to advise or assist Assist in 
any of our members, on their own application, ^g, ^ " 
who may incline to publish any such manu- 
script or work, as may tend to promote the 
cause of Truth, or be beneficial to society. 

Third. To render advice and assistance to Advise 
meetings, at their request, on subjects relating ^s^^to^"^ 
to property, titles to lands, the renewal of *'^^^*^' ^®- 
trusts, and the application of public gifts and 
legacies. 

Fourth. To receive from the several Quarterly Sufferings, 
meetings their annual accounts of sufferings, 
and also such memorials concerning deceased 
Friends, as those meetings may have concurred Memori- 
with, that when examined and approved, they 
may be laid before the Yearly Meeting; or 
otherwise be returned to the respective Quar- 
terly meetings for their revisal or correction. 



56 REPRESENTATIVE COMMITTEE. 

Assist Fifth. To extend such advice and assistance 

members ■ ' ^• - ^ ^ •\ m • n ± l' 

under suf- to any individuals under suiiering lor our testi- 
feriBg. monies, as their cases may require; and, if 
necessary, to apply to the government, or per- 
sons in authority, on their behalf. 

To corre- Sixtli. To Correspond with representative 
^^^^^ ■ bodies of other Yearly Meetings, as occasions 

may require, on concerns of general interest to 

the Society. 

Concerned It is also agreed, that although none are 
may be properly members of the Representative Com- 
to auend^ mittcc, but such as are appointed by direction 
of the Yearly Meeting as aforesaid, yet that 
other Friends, at the discretion of said Com- 
mittee, may be permitted to attend when they 
feel a concern so to do. 

Supply va- When any vacancy occurs in the Repre- 
sentative Committee during the recess of the 
Yearly Meeting, by death or otherwise, the 
Quarterly meeting within whose limits such 
vacancy happens, ought to take early care to 
supply it by a new appointment. (1834.) 



MEETINGS FOR WOESHIP. 

Dear Friends, keep all your meetings in the 

authority, wisdom, and power of Truth, and 

unity of the blessed Spirit; and the God of 

peace be with you. And it is advised, that Unbecom- 

such as come late to meetings, or when there haviour 

fall asleep, or are restless, or do not stay in the ^ ^^^^ 
A ' ' •' uigs re- 

meeting, but go forth unnecessarily, or other- quires ad- 

T .1 T T . 11 monition. 

Wise demean themselves unbecommg our holy 
profession on those solemn occasions, be ten- 
derly and seasonably admonished. 

We exhort all to a Christian exercise and Zeai in 

zeal in the performance of worship to Almighty ance^o?di- 

God; and as we are not capable in our own ^IV® ^^^' 

' ^ ^ snip re- 

strength to perform this great duty, we recom- commend- 

mend to a diligent waiting in true silence and 
retirement of mind, for the renewed sense of 
the inward power and virtue of his Spirit, 
whereby we shall be qualified to worship him 
in an acceptable manner. Let our faithfulness 
and sincerity herein appear, by the humility, 
meekness and circumspection of our lives and 
conversation, adorning the doctrines and prin- 
ciples of Truth, as they were declared by Christ 
and his apostles : those who have been pre- 
served in faithfulness therein, having to testify 
from that experience which cannot deceive, 

57 



58 MEETINGS FOR WORSHIP. 

that it hath been very profitable ; and there- 
fore cannot be easy without encouraging and 
putting forward their children, apprentices and 
servants to this religious duty, as well as other 
behaviour suitable thereunto. And if this use- 
ful practice was more generally attended .to, it 
would do more for us and them than any out- 
ward acquisition of wealth ; and without doubt, 
some of those who have been placed under our 
direction, may with thankfulness have to view 
our pious care in taking them from worldly 
business to seek a city eternal in the heavens. 

This Meeting recommends, that Friends who 
are exercised in the discipline would early ex- 
tend their brotherly love and care, in visiting 
such amongst us who neglect their duty in at- 
wiifui tending our meetings for public worship. And 
meetings as a wilful ucglcct of this important duty is a 
cause of manifest evidence of ino-ratitude to the Divine 

disown- _ o 

ment. Being, contrary to the example and practice 
of the primitive believers in Christ, and our 
religious testimony; it is the sense of this 
Meeting, that as such who are thus insensible 
of their religious duty, disunite themselves 
from Christian fellowship with Friends, monthly 
meetings, after having fully discharged their 
duty towards them, and finding their en- 
deavours to reclaim them ineffectual, should 
testify our disunion with them. 

Diowsi- As the minds of many are turned towards 



MExMORIALS. 59 

Friends, and the appearance of a drowsy spirit ness in 
in our religious meetings, is offensive, and may tensive, 
be a cause of stumbling to sober inquirers, it is 
earnestly desired that this weakness may not 
exist among us. And as indulgence therein Caution 
must necessarily have a disqualifying effect, it empwing 
is the sense and iudo;ment of this Meeting, that suchinthe 

SGI'VICCS Ol 

Quarterly, monthly, and other meetings should discipline. 
be cautious of employing such members in the 
weighty services of the discipline. 



MEMORIALS. 



If any monthly meeting should, under solid 
consideration, believe it necessary to prepare a 
memorial concerning any deceased Friend w^ho 
had been a member thereof, it is to go to the 
respective Quarterly meeting; where, being 
duly weighed and agreed to, it is then to be 
forwarded to the meeting for sufferings, for in- 
spection and approbation, previous to its being 
laid before this Meeting. 



MINISTERS AND ELDEES, AND MEET- 
INGS OF MINISTERS AND ELDERS. 



Care in It IS our eamest desire, that both ministers 
tenderness ^nd elders may be as nursing fathers and mo- 
to those tJiei's ^o those that are youno; in the ministry, 

young in j o j 7 

the minis- and with all care and diligence advise and ad- 
^^' monish them ; and if they see occasion, reprove 

them in a tender and Christian spirit, according 
to the rules of our discipline and counsel of 
Friends in that respect; also exhort them fre- 
quently to read the holy scriptures, and ear- 
nestly seek the mind of the Spirit of truth, to 
o^^en the mysteries thereof; that, abiding in a 
simple and patient submission to the will of 
God, and keeping down to the openings of Di- 
vine love and life in themselves, they may 
witness a gradual growth in their gifts, and be 
preserved from extending their declarations 
further than they find the life and power of 
Truth to bear them up. 

Ministers And our advicc to all our ministers is, that 
Till^Tr '■^" they be frequent in reading the scriptures of 
drawing ^]^g qJj ^nd ncw tcstamcnts : and if any in the 

unsound r» i • • • in* i i 

ii:ferences coursc of their ministry shall misapply, or draw 
Icrip-^ ^ unsound inferences or wrong conclusions from 
tmes, or ^^ tcxt, or sliall misbehavc themselves in 

for misbe- pi • 1 i i 

havioui-,to poiiit of couduct or coiivcrsation, let tliem be 
60 



MINISTERS AND ELDERS. 61 

admonished in love and tenderness by the be admo- 
elders or overseers where they live, and if they ^^ ® 
prove refractory and refuse to acknowledge 
their faults, let them be further dealt with, in 
the wisdom of Truth, as the case may require. 

As the occasion of our religious meetings is Order in 
solemn, a care should ever be maintained to '^ ' 

guard against any thing that would tend to 
disorder or confusion therein. When any think 
they have aught against what is publicly de- 
livered, they should speak to the party pri- 
vately and orderly; and, if any shall oppose a Public op- 
ministering Friend in his or her preaching or ministS-s^ 
exhortation, or keep on the hat, or show any ^^ ^^^^y 

^ ^ -•■ ' ^*' requires 

remarkable dislike to such when engaged in speedy ad- 
prayer, let them be speedily admonished in ^^^^ ^^^' 
such manner as may be requisite ; unless the 
person against whom the uneasiness is ex- 
pressed has been disowned by a monthly meet- 
ing, or his or her public appearances disap- 
proved by the elders. 

This Meeting agrees, that each monthly Eiders to 
meeting choose two or more Friends of each ^^ ^^®"* 
sex to sit with the ministers, and they together 
to compose a meeting to be denominated a pre- 
parative meeting of ministers and elders ; taking 
care that the Friends chosen for that service be 
prudent, solid Friends, and that they do care- 
fully discharge the trust confided to them. 
6 



62 MINISTERS AND ELDERS. 

Mode of , When there is occasion for the appointment 
ew^ers!*^^^ of One or more elders in any meeting, the pro- 
posal of separating a committee to consider the 
subject, should be first made in a monthly 
meeting, and when there united with, a proper 
number of Friends should be appointed. And 
in this committee, the names of the persons 
who may be thought suitable should be first 
mentioned, and, when concurred with, reported 
to the monthly meeting, without consulting the 
person or persons, or otherwise divulging it. 
If upon due consideration the nomination is 
approved, a minute should be made, and a copy 
thereof forwarded to the Quarterly meeting of 
ministers and elders. 

Elders The discipline never was intended to deprive 

Amoved Hiouthly meetings of the liberty to remove 
when they eldcrs from their station, at any time when 

lose their . . . ^ "^ . 

service, such meetings might believe they had lost their 
service by unfaithfulness or otherwise. (1829.) 

Committee It is rccommcndcd to our monthly meetings, 
point^ed^^' that a committee be appointed at least once in 
four years, and as much oftener as the occasion 
may require, .to consider the propriety of 
changing the elders, and of bringing forward 
well qualified Friends to fill that station. 
(1829.) 

Commit- The Meeting united in the conclusion, that 

tee ouce in • . . 1111 • ^ i ' n 

fomyears. ^ Committee shall be appointed once in lour 



once in 
four years 



MINISTERS AND ELDERS. 63 

years, or oftener if required, to consider the 
propriety of changing the elders, without en- 
joining it on monthly meetings to make any 
change, unless it is deemed necessary. It Names to 
being distinctly understood, that whether any ly^i^et- 
change is made or not, the committee shall ^s- 
bring the names to the monthly meeting for 
its judgment; and that the information of said 
appointments be transmitted by minute to the Quarterly 
Quarterly meeting of ministers and elders, as m^niste^rs 
already required by the discipline. (1836.) and eiders 

When any Friend has frequently appeared Manner in 
in our religious meetings as a minister, and ^gJers^re 
the preparative meeting of ministers and elders *o be 

IT •• !• recom- 

apprehends that it is seasonable the subject mended, 
should claim the attention of the monthly 
meeting for discipline, of which the person is a 
member, they are at liberty to mention the 
matter therein; and if the monthly meeting, 
after deliberate consideration, should unite in 
believing that a gift in the ministry has been 
committed to him or her, a minute expressive 
thereof should be forwarded to the Quarterly 
meeting of ministers and elders, where, the 
case being solidly weighed, and the sense of 
the monthly meeting concurred with, informa- 
tion thereof should be sent to the preparative 
meeting of ministers and elders of w^hich the 
party is to be a member. And until the ap- 
probation of the Quarterly meeting of ministers 
and elders is obtained, no such Friend is to be 



64 MINISTERS AND ELDERS. 

received as a minister, nor permitted to sit in 

the meetings of ministers and elders, nor travel 

Not to abroad as a minister. And no such approved 

meScrs minister is to appoint any meeting out of the 

out of the liniits of the Quarterly meetino; to which he 

Quarterly . .^ /> 

meeting or shc bclongs, without a certificate from the 
certifi- monthly meeting for discipline, or the con- 
cates. currence thereof. 

Elders ap- It is the judgment of this Meeting, that 
ministers^.^ when any Friend appointed to the station of 
an elder believes him or herself called to the 
ministry, and shall have appeared frequently 
in that capacity in our public religious meet- 
ings, they should withdraw from the meetings 
of ministers and elders. 

Ministers Agreed, that when an approved minister 
trtiavei believes it right to pay a religious visit beyond 
are to ap- ^YiQ limits of the Quarterly meeting to which 
minutes, he or shc bclougs, the concern be opened in 
both the men's and women's monthly meet- 
ings, for their consideration and judgment j 
and if approved, the certificate or minute to 
be signed by the clerks of the men's and 
women's meetings. And when the prospect is 
of such an extent as to require the approba- 
tion of the Quarterly meeting, the like proceed- 
Andre- iugs take placc therein. (1837.) And it is ad- 
Inl^n^^"^ vised, that when the service is accomplished, 
^biy- the said meetings be informed thereof, and the 
certificate returned without unnecessary delay. 



MINISTERS AND ELDERS. 65 

Agreed, that when any Friend is religiously Religious 
concerned to make a visit to the meetings of yond the" 
Friends beyond the limits of this Yearly Meet- !i™^*^ ^^, 

*' ^ , *^ the 1 early 

ing, and has obtained a certificate for that Meeting. 
purpose from the monthly meeting of which 
he or she is a member, that the concern be 
also laid before the respective Quarterly meet- 
ing for its concurrence and endorsement, to be 
signed by the clerks of the men's and women's 
meetings. But if the concern be only to 
attend one of the Yearly Meetings on this con- 
tinent, and to take such meetings as may be 
on the way thither, or on the return from 
thence, or to visit the meetings within one or 
two Quarterly meetings adjacent to the limits 
of this Yearly Meeting, and which belong 
either to the Yearly Meeting of New York or 
Maryland, the concurrence of the monthly 
meeting therewith, signified by their certificate 
or minute, will be sufficient. (1812. 1837.) 

If the concern is to make a religious visit Religious 
beyond sea, the certificate should be signed by yond set. 
the men's and women's monthly meetings 
generally, and then go forward to superior 
meetings for concurrence. (1837.) 

It is recommended, that when the concern 
of a Friend for the performance of a religious 
visit to meetings within the limits of this 
Yearly Meeting, is united with by the monthly 
meeting of which he or she is a member, that 
6* E 



66 



MINISTERS AND ELDERS. 



Means to 
defray the 
expenses 
of reli- 
gious 
visits. 



the said monthly meeting do carefully ex- 
amine, and see that the service may not be 
impeded, or the individual improperly bur- 
dened, for want of requisite means to defray 
the expenses of such a journey. And where 
the concern extends beyond the limits of this 
Yearly Meeting, the like care should weightily 
rest upon, and be attended to by the Quarterly 
meeting to which the Friend belongs. (1809.) 



Expenses 
of visits 
beyond 
sea. 



When any Friend is drawn to make a reli- 
gious visit beyond sea, and the concern is 
united with in the respective meetings, accord- 
ing to the mode prescribed by the discipline, 
such committee as the Yearly Meeting may 
appoint for the purpose, should take care for 
the assistance of the individual when needful, 
and to appropriate so much of the stock of the 
Meeting, as they may judge proper, for pay- 
ment of the expenses incurred in the perform- 
ance of the service. (1809.) 



prepara- The ministers and elders of each monthly 
ing^of mi- meeting are to meet once in three months at 
andeiders ®"^^ time and placc as the monthly meeting 
may direct, in the capacity of a preparative 
meeting of ministers and elders; when, after 
a time of solid retirement, the queries ad- 
dressed to such meetings are to be read and 
considered, and distinct answers made to them 
in writing; which, when signed by the clerk, 
are to be conveyed to the ensuing Quarterly 



MINISTERS AND ELDERS. 67 

meeting of ministers and elders by two or 
more Friends to be mentioned in the report as 
representatives. But if, in the course of in- 
quir}^ any deficiency has appeared, care should 
be taken that it be remedied. 

And in the said Quarterly meetings, tne Quarterly 
queries are also to be read with the answers mSstSs' 
which are brought from their preparative and eiders, 
meetings, and the state of the members 
weightily considered; that where occasion re- 
quires it, advice and counsel may be season- 
ably extended : and once a year those answers, 
comprised in a written report and signed by 
the clerk, are to be forwarded to the Yearly 
Meeting of ministers and elders, by four or 
more Friends appointed as representatives. 
In this Meeting, the queries are also to be Yearly 
read with the answers from the several Quar- S^mlnf*- 
ters, and the state of this part of the Society *^^^ ^^^ 

, ^ . ^ ^ ^ elders. 

being collected and considered, advices adapted 
thereto may, if requisite, be issued to the sub- 
ordinate meetings of the like kind. And such Certm- 
ministers as propose to go in Truth's service serviced 
beyond sea, after obtaining a certificate of the ^^y^^^ 
concurrence of the monthly meeting, endorsed 
by the respective Quarter, are to spread their 
concerns before the Yearly Meeting of minis- 
ters and elders, and produce the said certifi- 
cates; and if, upon solid consideration, the 
same are united with, a certificate thereof 
signed by the clerk, should be granted. 



68 MINISTERS AND ELDERS. 

Not to in- None of the said meetings of ministers and 

with meet- G^^^^rs are in any wise to interfere with the 

ings for business of any meeting for discipline ; nor is 

the Yearly Meeting of ministers and elders to 

suffer its adjournments to interfere with the 

sittings of the Yearly Meeting for discipline. 

Watch We tenderly recommend faithful Friends, 

flock. and especially ministers and elders, to watch 
over the flock of Christ in their respective 
places and stations, always approving them- 
selves by their pious examples in conversation 
and conduct, to be such as faithfully and dili- 
gently walk up to the testimony of the blessed 
Truth, whereunto the Lord hath gathered us 
in this his gospel day. 

Treatment ^j^d if auv acknowledp;ed member of our 

of those . p *^ . . Ill in 

who lose meetmgs ot ministers and elders shall at any 
time be thought, by negligence, unfaithfulness, 
or otherwise, to have lost his or her service in 
that station, so as to become the subject of un- 
easiness and burdensome, (yet not so as to be 
under the care of a meeting of discipline on 
that account, or for misconduct,) it is advised, 
that a timely and tender care be extended to 
such person according to gospel order ; first by 
the individuals concerned, and then by the 
preparative meeting of ministers and elders to 
which he or she may belong : should these 
labours prove unavailing, report of the case 
should be made by that meeting to the Quar- 



their ser- 
vices. 



MODERATION AND TEMPERANCE. 69 

terly meeting of ministers and elders, and 
there a few Friends be deputed to assist the 
said preparative meeting in a further extension 
of labour with the party : if this also prove 
unavailing, and on report thereof to the said 
Quarterly meeting, it appears that the said 
preparative meeting has fully discharged its 
duty to the individual, the case should then 
be transmitted to the monthly meeting for dis- 
cipline of which the party is a member, and 
left under its care; and he or she ought from 
that time to refrain from attending any such 
select meetings until they shall be again re- 
commended or appointed as at first. 



MODERATION AND TEMPEEANCE. 

Advised, that none accustom themselves to idkcom- 
vain and idle company, sipping and tippling of ^^^.^ng 
drams and strong drink ; for though such who ^^'"^^^ ^^• 
use that evil practice may not suddenly be- 
come drunken to the greatest degree, yet they 
often thereby become like ground fitted for the 
seeds of the greatest transgressions ; and some 
who have had the good example of virtuous 
parents, have from small beginnings arrived 
to a shameful excess, to their ruin, the great 



70 MODERATION AND TEMPERANCE. 

Strong injury of their wives and families, and the scan- 
awen- ^^^ ^^ ^^^ religious profession they have made. 



dues. 



It having been observed that a pernicions 
custom has prevailed upon people, of giving 
rum and other strong liquors to excite some to 
bid at vendues to advance the price, which, 
besides the injustice of the artifice, is scandal- 
ous, and leads to intemperance and disorder ; 
it is therefore the unanimous sense of this 
Meeting to caution Friends against the same. 
And if any under our profession do fall into 
this evil practice, by giving or taking strong 
liquors at vendues, or countenance or promote 
any noisy gatherings, they should be speedily 
dealt with as disorderly persons, and if they 
cannot be brought to a sense of their error, 
disowned. 

Importing Many just and pertinent remarks being 
?ng spi?" made in this Meeting, clearly setting forth the 
tuous u- corrupting, debasing, and ruinous effects, con- 
sequent on the importation and retailing large 
quantities of distilled spirits, whereby the in- 
temperate use of them is greatly aided and en- 
couraged, to the impoverishment of many, dis- 
tempering the constitutions and understandings 
of many more, and increasing vice and disso- 
luteness in the land, wherewith many reli- 
giously attentive minds have been long painfully 
burdened ; it is the united sense of the Meet- 
ing, that well-concerned Friends in all quar- 



MODERATION" AND TEMPERANCE. 7i 

ters, be earnestly excited to suffer the affecting 
importance of this mighty evil, religiously to 
impress their minds, and animate them with a 
lively concern to excite honest endeavours, 
both by example and loving entreaty, to cau- 
tion and dissuade all our members from being 
concerned in the importation or retailing dis- 
tilled spirits, or giving countenance thereto. 

It is affectionately recommended, that Friends Modera- 
be careful to use moderation on account of marriages, 
marriages, births and burials, and on all other ^°' 
occasions; a departure from which being a 
cause of stumbling to many, and a great ob- 
struction to a more full reformation, as well as 
attended with other evil consequences, tending 
to obscure that light which we have to hold up 
to others, and should have more abundantly, 
if we were faithful ; lessening that savour which 
we ought ever carefully to preserve, agreeably 
to the monition of the holy apostle, " Let your 
moderation be known unto all men, the Lord 
is at hand." Phil. iv. 5. And as the all-seeing 
eye beholds our thoughts, and views us in all our 
ways and actions, what manner of men ought 
we to be in all godliness of life, and sobriety 
of deportment ! 

And if any should distil spirits, or sell such Distilling 
liquors, monthly meetings should deal witb^gpiiitl ^ 
them as with other offenders, and if they can- 
not be prevailed with to desist from such a 



72 MODERATION AND TEMPERANCE. 

Monthly practice, be at liberty to declare their disunity 
rS with them. (1832.) 

with distil- 

Monthly meetings ought to take an early 
opportunity, tenderly to treat with such of our 
members as are concerned, either in the impor- 
tation, distillation or sale of spirituous liquors. 
x\nd if, after faithful, patient labour to convince 
them of the awful, demoralizing effects of their 
conduct, and its inconsistency with the testi- 
mony of our religious society, they cannot be 
prevailed upon to relinquish the business, the 
said meetings be at liberty to put the discipline 
in practice against them. (1832.) 

Liquors as A tender, religious care ought to be ex- 

a drink. ten(Je(j ^q such of our members as are in the 

use of spirituous liquors as a drinh, or handing 

it out in harvest, or at other times, in order to 

dissuade them from the practice. (1832.) 

Renting Fricnds are also tenderly advised, to abstain 
property, ^^^^^ renting their property or furnishing any 
materials whereby our testimony against spiri- 
tuous liquors, as a drink, will be violated. 
(1841.) 



NEGROES OR SLAVES. 

It iippears to have been the concern of this Testimony 
Meeting, revived from time to time with in- slavery 
creasing weight, to testify their entire disunity ^j^^^*^® 
with the practice of enslaving mankind, (and trade, 
particularly to guard all in membership with 
us against being concerned in the purchase of 
slaves from the coasts of Africa,) yet as we have 
with sorrow to observe, that in some parts of 
our country this shameful practice is still con 
tinned and connived at, we think it proper to 
revive the advices heretofore issued, and again 
exhort our members to be no way accessory to 
this enormous national evil, but to discourage 
it by all the justifiable means in their power; 
it being obvious, that wherever it prevails it 
tends to corrupt the morals of the people, so as 
not only to render them obnoxious to the dis- 
pleasure of the Almighty, but deaf to his warn- 
ings, and insensible and regardless of his im- 
pending judgments. 

And we earnestly desire it may become the This op- 
concern of our members generally, to use the ciaTs^^to be 
influence they have with those who hold slaves i°,struct- 

. , '^ ed, advis- 

by inheritance or otherwise, that they may be ed ani as- 
treated with moderation and kindness, and in- ^^^ ^ ' 
Btructed as objects of the common salvation in 
7 73 



74 NEGROES OR SLAVES. 

the principles of the Christian religion ; as well 
as in such branches of school-learning as may 
fit them for freedom, and to become useful 
members of civil society. Also that Friends in 
their several neighbourhoods advise and assist 
such of the black people as are at liberty, in 
the education of their children, and common 
worldly concerns. 

Hiring Understanding that some in membership 

with us, either through inadvertence or from 
selfish motives, have hired slaves to assist them 
in their business; we desire such to consider, 
that in so doing they promote the unrighteous 
traffic and oppose our testimony against it. 
And it is our sense, that when slaves are thus 
hired, and the price of their services is intended 
for the benefit of those who claim the right of 
ownership, and not designed or applied to pro- 
mote the liberation of the slave or slaves, such 
conduct is a violation of our testimony. And 
where any among us cannot be persuaded to 
relinquish the practice, monthly meetings be 
at liberty, after patient labour has been found 
unavailing, to testify their disunity with them. 

Caution to Fricuds are also cautioned against acting as 
and ad- exccutors or administrators to estates where 
mimstra- g^aygg ^j^g bequeathed; and doing any thing 
whereby their bondage may be prolonged. 

We are united in judgment, that the state 



NEGROES OR SLAVES. 75 

of the black people who have been held as Kindness 
slaves by any of us or our predecessors, calls ^^ ^^^^' 
for a deep inquiry and close examination, how 
far we are clear of withholding from them 
what under such an exercise may be opened to 
our view as their just right; and we earnestly 
and affectionately entreat those in particular 
who have released any of them, to attend to 
the further openings of duty. Even if no such 
obligations to this people existed among us, it 
is worthy of our serious consideration, whether 
any object of beneficence is more deserving of 
our regard, than that of training up their 
youth in such virtuous principles and habits, 
as may render them useful and respectable 
members of the community. 

It is the sense and judgment of this Meet- importing, 
ing, that if any of our members are concerned p^clSg. 
in importing, selling, or purchasing; or shall ing,orgiv- 
give away or transfer any negro or other slave, slaves. 
with or without any other consideration than 
to clear their estate of any future incumbrance, 
or in such manner that their bondage is con- 
tinued beyond the time limited by law or cus- 
tom for white persons; and also those w^ho 
accept of such gift or assignment ; — they ought 
to be speedily treated with in the spirit of true 
love and wisdom, and the iniquity of their 
conduct laid before them. And if, after Chris- 
tian labor, they cannot be brought to such a 
sense of their injustice, as to do every thing 



76 NEGROES OR SLAVES. 

which the monthly meeting shall judge to be 
reasonable and necessary, for the restoring 
such slave to his or her natural and just right 
to liberty, and condemn their deviation from 
the law of righteousness and equity, to the 
satisfaction of the said meeting, that such 
member or members be testified against as 
other transgressors are by the rules of our dis- 
cipline for other immoral, unjust, or reproach- 
ful conduct. 

It appearing that, notwithstanding the many 
afflictive dispensations with which Divine wis- 
dom has seen meet to visit this land, many of 
its inhabitants are so deaf to the language of 
the rod, as to continue in the nefarious traffic 
for slaves to the coasts of Africa; and that the 
importation of them is still connived at: this 
The meet- Meeting, considering such a conduct as a bold 
sufferings ^^^ impious defiance of the Ruler of nations, 
todis- and pregnant with the most alarming conse- 

coTirage x o o 

the slave qucnccs to our country, earnestly recommends 
^^^^' to the meeting for sufferings to embrace every 
suitable opportunity for advancing our testi- 
mony in this respect, and for calling the atten- 
tion of the public mind to this awfully in- 
teresting subject. 



OATHS. 

Advised, that our Christian testimony be Testimony 
faithfully maintained against the burden and onThe 
imposition of oaths, according to the express ^^^'^^['g^ 
command of Christ and the injunction of the 
apostle James, viz. "Ye have heard that it 
hath been said by them of old time, Thou 
shalt not forswear thyself, but shalt perform 
unto the Lord thine oaths ; but I say unto you, 
swear not at all : neither by heaven, for it is 
God's throne; nor by the earth, for it is his 
footstool; neither by Jerusalem, for it is the 
city of the great king. Neither shalt thou 
swear by thy head, because thou canst not 
make one hair white or black : but let your 
communication be, yea, yea; nay, nay; for 
whatsoever is more than these cometh of evil." 
Mat. V. 33 to 37. 

"But above all things, my brethren, swear 
not, neither by heaven, neither by the earth, 
neither by any other oath; but let your yea, 
be yea; and your nay, nay; lest ye fall into 
condemnation." James v. 12. 

From the year 1718 to 1771, divers minutes P^^ad! ^"^ 
of this Meeting appear, declaring that oaths ministra- 
administered by clerks or others under the q^^I 
7* 77 



78 



OATHS. 



Deviation 
cause of 
disown- 
ment. 



lotice and connivance of Friends, either in 
court or elsewhere, violate our ancient testi- 
mony. And it is earnestly recommended to 
Quarterly and monthly meetings, that where 
any under our name are parties to the ad- 
ministration of oaths, to be careful to proceed 
in dealing with them; and if they will not 
decline the practice and give suitable satisfac- 
tion to the meeting they belong to, to testify 
against them agreeably to the rules of our 
discipline. 

As it is our duty to support our Christian 
testimony against' oaths, faithful Friends are 
desired to extend brotherly labor towards 
those who deviate therefrom; and if such 
labor proves unsuccessful, monthly meetings 
should testify their disunity with them. 



And Friends in all places are exhorted, 
carefully to avoid electing or promoting their 
brethren to such stations in civil government 
as may subject them to the temptation of 
violating this testimony : and where any mem- 
bers show an inclination or desire of soliciting 
or accepting of such offices, timely care should 
be taken to caution them against it. And in 
the execution of instruments of writing re- 
Witnesses. quiring witnesses, it is recommended that 
Friends endeavor to procure such persons 
for this purpose, as will attest the same by 
affirmation. 



OVEESEERS. 

It is recommended, that in every monthly Appoinfc. 
meeting a proper number of faithful and °^^^*' 
judicious men and women belonging to each 
of the particular or preparative meetings, be 
appointed to the station of overseers within 
the same : whose duty it is to exercise a Their 
vigilant and tender care over their fellow- ^^^^' 
members; that if any thing repugnant to the 
harmony and good order of the Society appears 
among them, it may be timely attended to and 
not neglected. And to prevent the introduc- 
tion of all unnecessary and premature com- 
plaints to meetings of business, it is advised, 
if any member shall have cause of complaint 
against another, that it be mentioned to the 
overseers; who are to see that the party com- 
plained of has been treated with according to 
gospel order, previously to the case being re- 
ported to the preparative or monthly meeting. 
And it is desired that in dealing with any, it 
be done in the spirit of meekness and love. To be per- 
patiently endeavoring to instruct and advise ^''chrfs-^ 
them; which, if ineffectual, the preparative tian spirit. 
meeting should be informed thereof; that, if 
needful, the case may be laid before the monthly 
meeting, of which, notice should be given to 
the party when it can be conveniently done. 

79 



80 OVERSEERS. 



Committee It is further recommended to our monthly 
three^" meetings, that a committee be appointed at 
years. least ouce in three years, or as much oftener 
as the occasion may require, to consider the 
propriety of changing the overseers, and bring- 
ing forward in the improvement of their gifts, 
other Friends on whom a concern for the w^el- 
fare of the Society rests. 

Serious And wG tenderly exhort all our members 

t^n!^ ^' who may be rightly called into this or any 
other service of the church, not hastily to 
excuse themselves therefrom, but solidly to 
ponder the weighty advice of the apostle, 
^'Feed the flock of God, which is among you, 
taking the oversight thereof, not by constraint, 
but willingly; not for filthy lucre, but of a 
ready mind; neither as lords over God's heri- 
tage, but being ensamples to the flock: and 
when the chief Shepherd shall appear, ye shall 
receive a crowai of glory that fadeth not away." 



PAEENTS AND CHILDREN. 

In much love to the rising generation, we The rising 



generation 



exhort them to avoid the many vanities and fxhorted 
ensnarina; corruptions to which they are ex- *° ^^°\^ 

o ir ^ •/ ensnaring 

posed. Bear in m.ind, dear youth, that 'Hhe corrup- 
fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom;" 
and that " a good understanding have all they 
who do his commandments." Psalm cxi. 10. 
Take the advice of godly parents, guardians 
and friends; ever remembering that, next to 
our Creator, children ought to obey their 
parents, and that disobedience to them is a 
breach of the moral law, and was always 
offensive in the Divine sight. Submit to their 
reasonable requirings with cheerfulness, though 
these may sometimes thwart your own incli- 
nations, and answer them not frowardly or 
crossly. They watched over you and took 
care of you, when you were utterly unable to 
help or take care of yourselves. Why then 
should any of you grieve or wound their still 
anxious minds by a conduct which, because of 
its tendency to obstruct your welfare and hap- 
piness, you know they cannot approve ? Such 
as running into vain and expensive fashions ; 
associating with corrupt and libertine persons; 
frequenting taverns and places of diversion; 
wasting your precious time in idle discourse, 

F 81 



82 PARENTS AND CHILDREN. 

and drawing the affections and inflaming the 
passions one of another : all which we have 
no doubt the divine Monitor in your own 
breasts often pleads with you against, and 
show^s to be destructive of your peace. We 
beseech you, as fathers, to attend to this 
heavenly Instructor, and dutifully yield to the 
correspondent tender advice of your friends. 
Shrink not from the cross of Christ in your 
garb, language or manners; but through a 
subjection of your wills to the Divine will in 
these and all other respects, walk answerably 
to the purity of our profession, and the sim- 
plicity and spirituality of our worship. So 
may you be instructive examples to serious 
inquirers after Truth; and not of those who, 
under a profession thereof, are preferring their 
own crooked ways, and turning others aside 
from the footsteps of its followers. 

Obstinate It is advised, that where the pious exercise 
^^^ ' of parental care and authority is disregarded, 
and any of the youth in membership wdth us, 
appear obstinately determined to run into and 
copy after the vain and extravagant fashions 
of the w^orld in their dress and address, ex- 
posing themselves to the corrupting influence 
of evil company and excesses, whereby design- 
ing persons may entangle their affections, and 
draw them into unsuitable and unhappy con- 
nections in marriage or otherwise, — that such 
be timely and tenderly treated with, and shown 



PARENTS AND CHILDREN. 83 

the dangerous tendency of their conduct: and Treated 



with. 



if they cannot be prevailed with to desist 
therefrom and amend their ways, thej^ ought 
to be dealt with by their respective prepara- 
tive or monthly meetings, as in other cases of 
offence; and if, after due expostulation and 
forbearance, they prove irreclaimable, they 
may be testified against. 

And if any parents in membership with us. Parents 
willingly indulge their children or youth under chiidSnl 
their care in such extravagance, liberties and ^^^^^^ses. 
excesses, as are here pointed out, and persist 
in vindicating their conduct, they ought in like 
manner to be treated with and disowned. 

Friends are advised to bring up their chil- Children 
dren to habits of industry, placing them with 
sober and exemplary members of the Society, 
for instruction in such occupations as are con- 
sistent with our religious principles and testi- 
monies, that as far as in us lies they may be 
preserved in a becoming conduct and demeanor. 

And it is desired, that those whose circum- Children 
stances may furnish with ability for instructing on^mode-^ 
in useful and suitable employments, the chil- rate terms, 
dren of members who are in situations less 
affluent, may receive them into their families 
upon terms so moderate and equitable, as to 
remove every plausible reason for placing them 
with those not in membership with us. 



placed 
among 
Friends. 



PLAINNESS. 

Corrupt Advised, that all Friends both old and 
and ^ young keep out of the world's corrupt lan- 
to^br^^ guage, manners, vain and needless things and 
avoided, fashions, in apparel, buildings, and furniture 
of houses; some of which are immodest, inde- 
cent, and unbecoming. And that they avoid 
immoderation in the use of lawful things, which 
though innocent in themselves may thereby 
become hurtful; also such kinds of stuffs, 
colors and dress, as are calculated more to 
please a vain and wanton mind than for real 
Caution to uscfulncss. And let tradesmen and others, 

tradesmen j^gj^-jl^g^g gf q^j. rcligioUS Socicty, be ad- 
others, monished that they be not accessory to these 
evils ; for we ought to take up our daily cross, 
minding the grace of God which brings salva- 
tion, and teaches to deny all ungodliness and 
worldly lusts, and to live soberly, righteously 
and godly in this present world, that we may 
adorn the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ in 
all things; so may we feel his blessing, and 
be instrumental in his hand for the good of 
others. 



SimpUcity "We tcndcrly exhort all, seriously to con- 
mended, sider the plainness and simplicity which the 
gospel enjoins, and to manifest it in their 

84 



PLAINNESS. 85 

speech, apparel, furniture, salutations and con- 
versations; into which our forefathers were 
led by the Spirit of Christ, in conformity with 
his precepts and example ; and for which they 
patiently suffered long imprisonments and 
great persecutions; being convinced that it 
was their duty thus to bear a testimony 
against the vain spirit of the world. 

• 

The spirit of Truth, which led our ancients Truth 
to lay aside every thing unbecoming the follow- pltinness. 
ers of Christ, still leads in the same path, all 
who submit to its guidance ; we therefore 
earnestly entreat all Friends to watch over 
themselves in this respect. The example of 
our blessed Saviour, his immediate followers, 
and of virtuous and holy men in all ages, 
ought to make a due impression on every 
considerate mind ; . and especially on such 
as have had the advantage of a guarded 
education. 

We also tenderly advise, that Friends take Plainness 
heed, especially those who should be exemplary ^ithouT 
to others under their care, that they exercise ^^^P^^t of 

' •^ persons. 

plainness of speech without respect of persons, 
in all their converse among men ; and not balk 
their testimony by a cowardly compliance, 
varying their language according to their com- 
pany; — a practice of very ill example, render- 
ing those who use it contemptible, and looked 
upon as a kind of hypocrites, even by those 
8 



86 POOR. 

with whom they so comply. This seems to be 
cautioned against by the apostle, when he 
advises, 1 Tim., " That the deacons be grave, 
not double tongued ;" plainly importing that it 
is inconsistent with the gravity of the gospel. 



POOR. 

Advice It is advised, that the cases of all our mem- 

and assist- |^gj,g ^y|^Q ^^^ -j^ indisrent circumstances be duly 

ance to be ^ ^ ^ ^ ./ 

afforded, inspected, that advice and relief may be season- 
ably extended, and assistance afforded to them 
in such business as they are capable of. And 
in order to defray the expenses which their 
support and the education of their children 
will necessarily occasion, it is recommended to 
each monthly meeting of men and women 
Friends, to be open-hearted and liberal in sub- 
Funds to scriptions for raising and continuing funds for 
be raise . ^j^^g^ purposcs; — that the meetings of each 
Treasurer scx should appoint a treasurer to receive the 
appointe q.^^q^ ^nd a committcc of suitable Friends to 
account have the particular care of the poor; whose 
business it will be to visit, inspect into their 
wants, and relieve them. And in the exercise 
of this benevolent care, it is desired we may 
always guard against exposing the names or 



HIRELING MINISTRY. 87 

situations of our fellow-members. And an Situations 

appointment should be annually made of two feiw- 

or more Friends for settling the treasurer's ^^'^^ers 

'-> ^ not ex- 

account^ and reporting its state to the meeting, posed. 



PRIESTS' WAGES, OR HIRELING 
MINISTRY. 

Let us keep in remembrance, that it is Gospel 
under the immediate teaching and influence ^^SJouT 
of the holy Spirit that all acceptable worship ^^ward 

•^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ irom man. 

is performed, and all true gospel ministry sup- 
plied; that this pure and powerful influence, in 
vessels sanctified and prepared by the Divine 
hand, is the essential qualification to that 
work; and that, as the gift is Divine, the ser- 
vice is freely and faithfully to be discharged, 
without any view to reward from man. 

And it is advised, that where any of our Support of 
members are so regardless of this testimony as minSry^ 
to contribute to the support of an hireling testifiei 

■'•■'■ against. 

ministry, and vindicate such conduct, that 
they be tenderly labored with to convince 
them of their error; but if this prove ineflec- 
tual, and they persist in their unfaithfulness, 
the monthly meetings to which they belong 



88 QUERIES. 

should proceed to declare our disunity with 
them : such conduct being opposed to our 
testimony for the free ministry of the gos- 
pel, which is, " without money and without 
price." 

Attending And it is further advised, that Friends be 
others? ° carcful tlicmselves, and discourage their chil- 
dren from attending the worship of those who 
are not in communion with us. (1841.) 



QUERIES. 



All an- It is agreed that the nine queries belonging 

to meetings for discipline, be read, deliberately 



once a 



^^^^' considered, and answered in each preparative 
and monthly meeting once a year ; in order to 
convey an explicit account in writing to the 
Quarterly meetings next preceding the Yearly 
Meeting; that so this Meeting may be clearly 
informed of the state of all our meetings. 

When Also, that the first, second and eighth of 

second thosc qucrics be read, considered, and explicit 
and eighth answcrs to them made in writing in the two 
answered. Quarterly meetings preceding the one before 
mentioned, and also in the preparative and 



QUERIES. 89 

monthly meetings which report thereto. But 
none of the queries are to be read or answered 
in those Quarterly meetings for discipline 
which immediately succeed the Yearly Meet- 
ing, nor in the preparative or monthly meet- 
ings which report to those Quarters. 

It is not considered as obligatory on any when not 
meeting to read the above queries oftener than ^^^'^ " 
is here mentioned, or to read any others than 
such as are to be answered. Nor is the 
reading and answering of them enjoined on 
any preparative meeting, where the mem- 
bers of that and the monthly meeting are 
the same. 

It is further agreed, that at the time when Advices 

ii • • 1 • Ji X* and cau- 

tne nnie queries are read m the preparative tion to bo 
and monthly meetino;s, the advices and caution ^^^^ ^^^^ 

, . . T 1 T . . ^ year. 

subjoined shall be also distinctly read and 
solidly pondered; as a means of putting the 
members present upon considering, whether 
there be any occasion for an extension of care 
in those respects : and, if there is, of stirring 
them up to a faithful discharge of their duty 
as individuals, one towards another. 

First Query. Are all our religious meetings 
for worship and discipline duly attended; is 
the hour observed; and are Friends clear of 
sleeping, and of all other unbecoming behavior 
therein ? 
8* 



90 QUERIES. 

Second Q^wry. Are love and unity maintained 
amongst you? Are tale-bearing and detraction 
discouraged? And where any differences arise, 
are endeavors used speedily to end them ? 

Third Query. Are Friends careful to bring 
up those under their direction, in plainness of 
speech, behavior, and apparel; in frequent 
reading the holy scriptures; and to restrain 
them from reading pernicious books, and from 
the corrupt conversation of the world ? 



Fourth Query. Arc Fr ^nd? clear o. \ i manu- 
fae+ure and sale of all intoxicating beverages; are 
they careful to discourage their use as a drink, and 
is due caution observed in the use thereof as a 
medicine? Are thej careful to discourage the at- 
tending of places of diversion, and the unnecessary 
frequenting of taverns? And do they keep to true 
moderation and temperance on account of marriages 
burials and other occasions? 1873. 



Fifth Query. Are poor Friends' necessities 
duly inspected, and they relieved or assisted 
in such business as they are capable of? Do 
their children freely partake of learning to fit 
them for business; and are they and other 
Friends' children placed among Friends ? 

Sixth Query. Do you maintain a faithful 
testimony against oaths; an hireling ministry; 
bearing arms, training, and other military ser- 
vices; being concerned in any fraudul^^nt or 



QUERIES. 91 

clandestine trade ; buying or vending goods 
so imported, or prize goods; and against en- 
couraging lotteries of any kind ? 

Seventh Query, Are Friends careful to live 
within the bounds of their circumstances, and 
to keep to moderation in their trade or busi- 
ness; are they punctual to their promises, and 
just in the payment of their debts; and are 
such as give reasonable grounds for fear on 
these accounts, timely labored with for their 
preservr.tijn v^-. recovery \ 

'^ Eighth Query. Do you take due care regu- 
larly to deal with all offenders in the spirit of 
meekness, without partiality or unnecessary 
delay, in order for their help ; and where such 
labor is ineffectual, to place judgment upon 
them in the authority of Truth ? 

Ninth Query. Is due care taken to keep a 
regular record of births and deaths ? 

And in the preparative and monthly meet- Advices, 
ings, when all the foregoing queries are read 
and answered, the following advices are to be 
read with a suitable pause between them : 

As suitable marriao:e connections tend to the o^^f^ar- 

. p • riages. 

promotion of our happiness and comfort in 
life, it is affectionately advised, that when any 
of our members are about to marry, they seek 



92 QUERIES. 

for Divine counsel and direction therein ; and 
that their parents or guardians be early ac- 
quainted with their intentions. And it is 
recommended that marriages be accomplished 
decently, gravely, and weightily ; that modera- 
tion be observed, and that no cause of reproach 
occur; but that all behave with such sobriety 
as becomes a people fearing God. (1842.) 

Gifts and That all public gifts and legacies be strictly 
egacies. applied to the uses intended by the donors ; or, 
if any unforeseen occurrence should render 
such compliance difficult or impracticable, that 
an early application be made to the meeting 
for sufferings for its advice or assistance ; and 
that timely care be taken for the renewal of 
trusts. 

Certifi- That Friends intending removal be careful 

to apply for certificates; and that the cases of 
such who remove without certificates, or of 
sojourners coming from other places and aj)- 
pearing as Friends, without producing certifi- 
cates, be properly attended to. 

Inspect That Friends carefully inspect the state of 

wiiis,\c. their affairs once in the year; and make their 

wills and settle their outward estates whilst 

in health. 

Conduct- And it is further recommended, that in con- 
^^^ ^ ® ducting the affairs of our meetings, Friends 



QUERIES. 93 

endeavor to manage them in the peaceable affairs of 
spirit and wisdom of Jesus, with decency, for- ^^^ ^^^^' 
bearance and love of each other. 



The following queries are also to be read, Annual 
considered and answered, once a year, in each ^^^^^ 
monthly and Quarterly meeting, and a report 
thereof made in writing to this Meeting : and 
it is recommended that in answering the 
query respecting schools, monthly meetings 
furnish their respective Quarters with par- 
ticular accounts of the situation and circum- 
stance of the several schools within their 
limits, and that the Quarterly meetings convey 
to this Meeting a summary statement thereof. 

Firsi Query. What changes have been made 
in the times or places of holding Friends' 
meetings; and what new meetings have been 
settled? (1836.) 

Second Query. Are there schools established 
for the education of our youth, under the care 
of teachers in membership with us, and super- 
intended by committees appointed either in 
the monthly or preparative meetings ? 

Third Query. Are the queries addressed to 
the Quarterly, monthly and preparative meet- 
ings, read and answered therein as directed ? 



QUEEIES FOR MEETINGS OF 
MINISTERS AND ELDERS. 

When to be Jt is also coiicluded, that of the following 
four queries, formed for the use of the meet- 
ings of ministers and elders, the first three be 
read and distinctly answered in writing three 
times in a year, by each preparative meeting 
of that kind, to its respective Quarterly meet- 
ing : and that all the said four .queries shall be 
in like manner read and answered, by the pre- 
parative to their Quarterly meetings next pre- 
ceding the Yearly Meeting of ministers and 
elders; that the Quarterly meetings may be 
enabled to transmit a clear and distinct state- 
ment of those answers to that Meeting. 

First Query. Are ministers and elders care- 
ful to attend meetings for Divine worship, 
bringing their families with them ? Do they 
diligently attend meetings for discipline, en- 
couraging such of their families to this duty as 
are of proper age, and suitable deportment ? 

Second Query. Are ministers sound in word 
and doctrine; careful to minister in the ability 
which God gives ? 

Third Query. Are the lives and conversa- 
94 



QUERIES. 95 

tion of ministers and elders clean and blame- 
less amongst men? Are they in unity one 
with another, and with the meeting they 
belong to, harmoniously laboring for Truth's 
honor. 

Fourth Qxiery. Are they good examples in 
uprightness, temperance and moderation ; and 
careful to train up their families in plainness 
of dress and simplicity of manners, becoming 
our religious profession ? 

And it is earnestly and ajffectionately recom- Ministers 
mended, that ministers and elders watch over advised to 
one another for good, to help those who are ^^^^^^^J^gJ 
exercised in the ministry in the right line ; for good, 
discouraging forward spirits that run into 
words without life and power ; advising against 
affectation of tones and gestures, and every 
thing that would hurt their service; yet 
encouraging the humble careful traveller; 
'^ speaking a word in season to them that are 
weary." And let all dwell in that which gives 
ability to labour successfully in the church of 
Christ, adorning the doctrine which they de- 
liver to others; being examples of the be- 
lievers, in word, in conversation, in charity, in 
spirit, in faith, and in purity. 



EESIGNATIONS. 

When any member of our religious Society, 
who has not become an offender by violating 
any rule of Discipline, shall offer a resignation 
of their right of membership, it is advised, that 
the monthly meeting, if way opens, appoint a 
committee to visit such person in love, and in- 
quire into the cause of their resignation ; and if 
his or her mind continues unchanged, a minute 
may be made, stating that he or she is released 
at his or her request; of which the party should 
be informed; and such individual is not to be 
considered a member of our society, until 
received again according to our usual order. 
(1846.) 



SECEET SOCIETIES. 

Under a tender concern for the preserva- 
tion of our members in that purity and sim- 
plicity which become our Christian profession, 
this Meeting is engaged solemnly to caution 
them, and especially the younger part of so- 
ciety, against any connection with the societies 
96 



SECRET SOCIETIES. 97 

of " Free Masons," the associations calling them- 
selves " Odd Fellows,'* or any others requiring 
of their members a pledge of secrecy. Many 
of these extract money from their members 
under the plausible pretence of benevolence; 
whilst they frequently draw them away from 
their families and business, into places and 
practices inimical to their best interests. Their 
convivial meetings, their vain, ostentatious pro- 
cessions, and high sounding titles, are corrupt- 
ing in their tendency, and inconsistent with 
our religious profession. Friends are therefore 
earnestly and affectionately advised against 
becoming or continuing members of any such 
associations. Our Divine Master encouraged 
no secret societies. His disciples were to stand 
as a city set on a hill, which could not he hid. 
They were to let their light shine hefore men, 
that they, seeing their good worhs, might glorify 
our Father who is in heaven. Overseers, and 
other concerned Friends are advised to extend 
timely caution and admonition to all cases 
where any of our members have joined such 
societies, or may be in danger of thus being 
led astray by them. 

9 G 



SiDHOOLS. 

institution The education of our youth in piety and 
port^of^' virtue, and giving them useful learning under 
achoois. the tuition of religious prudent persons, hav- 
ing for many years engaged the solid attention 
of this Meeting, and advices thereon having 
been from time to time issued to the several 
subordinate meetings; it is renewedly desired, 
that Quarterly, monthly and preparative meet- 
ings, may be excited to proper exertions for 
the institution and support of schools; there 
being but little doubt, that as Friends are 
united, and cherish a disposition of liberality 
for the assistance of each other in this im- 
portant work, they will be enabled to make 
such provision for the accommodation and 
residence of a teacher, with a family, as would 
be an encouragement to well qualified persons 
to engage in this arduous employment: for 
EflFects of want of which it has been observed, that chil- 
oAhe^s^ dren have been committed to the care of 
under the transient persons, of doubtful character, and 

Ccirc ox X -^ 

Friends, somctimcs of Very corrupt minds, by whose 
bad example and influence, they have been be- 
trayed into principles and habits which have 
had an injurious effect on them in more 
advanced life. It is therefore indispensably 
incumbent on us to guard them against this 
98 



SCHOOLS. 99 

danger, and procure such tutors of our own 
religious persuasion, as are not only capable 
of instructing them in useful learning, to fit 
them for the business of this life, but to train 
them in the knowledge of their duty to God and 
one towards another. It is therefore proposed, 

Fii'st That a lot of ground be provided in House for 
each monthly or preparative meeting, suffi- ^ *^^^ ®^* 
cient for a garden, orchard, grass for a cow, 
&c. and a suitable house erected thereon. 

Seemid, That funds be raised by contribu- Funds, 
tion, bequests, &c. in each meeting; the in- 
terest of which to be applied either in aid 
of the tutor's salary, or lessening the expense 
of Friends in straitened circumstances, in the 
education of their children. 

Third. That a committee be appointed in Com- 
each monthly or preparative meeting, to have ^^ 
the care of schools and the funds for their sup- 
port, and that no tutor be employed but with 
their consent. 

Although the raising a sufficiency to answer En- 

.-, "^ , -,.r^ couraged 

those purposes may m some places appear dim- to raise 
cult, yet as improvements of this kind are ^^^^" 
generally gradual, and have often arisen from 
small beginnings into very valuable establish- 
ments, it is desired that Friends may be 
encouraged thereto, and keeping an eye to the 



100 OLD AKD NEW TESTAMENTS. 

Divine blessing on their benevolent endeavors, 
make such essay for carrying into effect these 
recommendations as they may be enabled. 



SCRIPTUEES OF THE OLD AND 
NEW TESTAMENTS. 

"We tenderly and earnestly advise and ex- 
hort all parents and heads of families, that 
they endeavor to instruct their children and 
families in the doctrines and precepts of the 
Christian religion, as contained in the scrip- 
tures; and that they excite them to the dili- 
gent reading of those excellent writings, which 
plainly set forth the miraculous conception, 
birth, holy life, wonderful works, blessed ex- 
ample, meritorious death, and glorious resur- 
rection, ascension and mediation of our Lord 
and Saviour Jesus Christ; and to educate 
their children in the belief of those important 
truths, as well as in the belief of the inward 
manifestation and operation of the holy Spirit 
on their own minds, that they may reap the 
benefit and advantage thereof, for their own 
peace and everlasting happiness; which is 
infinitely preferable to all other considerations. 



STOCK. 

Agreed, that there be collections brought in 
from each Quarterly, unto the next Yearly 
Meeting, for a Yearly Meeting stock, to defray 
the charges of the said Meeting, according to 
the several agreements made or hereafter to 
be made. (1695.) 

A stock having been generally kept, and by 
experience found useful for the necessary occar 
sions of the Society, it is agreed, that the 
same be occasionally renewed by a collection 
from each Quarter; and that it be continued 
in the hands of the treasurer appointed by 
this Meeting, and subject to be drawn out by 
its direction, or by the meeting for sufferings, 
as the exigencies of Society may require. 

The sums which may be thought necessary, 
shall be raised by each Quarter, in the propor- 
tions which may be ascertained by this Meet- 
ing from time to time. 

An arrangement of the quotas of the several 

Quarterly meetings, produced by a committee 

appointed for that purpose, was agreed to in 

1847, as follows: 

9* 101 



102 TAVERNS. 

Philadelpliia Quarter to pay ^20 in every $100. 

Abington 14 " " 

Bucks 14 " " 

Concord 14 " " 

Cain 4 " " 

Western 13 " " 

Southern 2 " " 

Burlington 6 ^' " 

Haddonfield 5 '' '' 

Salem 7 " " 

Fishing Creek Half- Year meeting 1 " " 

$100 



TAVEENS. 



Fre- We think it necessary to caution, not only 

taTrns^ the youth but those of riper age, to avoid the 

and other unnecessary frequenting of taverns and other 

pubUcre- placcs of public rcsort ; that they be not ex- 



sort. 



posed to noisy company and unprofitable con- 
versation; or betrayed into the use of strong 
liquors, by which so many have been corrupted 
both in principle and practice, to the ruin of 
themselves and their families. And if any 
are in danger on these accounts, it is desired 
that they may be timely and tenderly treated 
with in order to convince them of their danger. 

Caution Considering the temptations and snares 

agams . ^,]^-^,].^ ^^ley are exposed to who keep houses 



TESTIMONIES OF DENIAL, ETC. 103 

of public entertainment or beer-houses, the keeping 
corrupting influence of many who resort to 
them, and its effects on the children and 
families so exposed; it is the judgment of this 
Meeting, that our members avoid engaging in 
such employments for a livelihood ; and attend 
to the pointings of pure wisdom for that end. 

And it is desired, that Friends may endeavor, increase 
as far as their influence extends in the com- gjg^hig 
munity, to prevent the unnecessary increase Petitions 
of taverns, and be cautious of signing petitions couraged. 
in behalf of those who may apply for licenses 
on that account. ^ 



TESTIMOOTES OF DENIAL, AND 
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS. 

It is the sense of this Meeting, that offenders Acknow- 
inclining to make acknowledgment of their to^brfn^^ 
offences, do prepare the same in writing ; and ^^it^^e- 
if, on consulting the overseers or other judi- 
cious Friends, the purport appears suitable to 
the occasion, and the situation of the party 
will admit of it, he or she may present it to 
the meeting in person, and stay till it is read; 
when, after time given for a solid pause, they 



104 TRADE. 

should withdraw before that or any other busi- 
ness is proceeded upon. The meeting is then 
to consider the case, and appoint two or more 
Friends to inform the party of the result. 

Notice In all cases where a meeting apprehends 

issuing a itsclf undcr a necessity to disown a member, 
testimony, j^^ such member, if the occasion and his or her 
situation will admit of it, be previously in- 
formed thereof: and when the judgment of the 
meeting is issued, let a copy thereof be de- 
livered to the party testified against, with noti- 
fication of his or her right of appeal. 



TEADB. 



Truth is It being evident, that where the manifesta- 

Sfifs ill its 

guidance, tious and restraints of the Spirit of truth are 
duly prized and regarded, it leads out of a 
bondage to the spirit of this world, and pre- 
serves the minds of its followers from many 
fettering and disqualifying entanglements; and 
Tnordinate contrariwisc, that an inordinate love and pur- 
STs'in^-^ suit of worldly riches, often betrays those who 
voives in jj^^g captivated by them, into many difficulties 

difficulty. »■ ^ ' -^ . 

and dangers, to the great obstruction ol the 
work of Truth in the heart : we affectionately 



TRADE. 



105 



desire that the counsel and gracious promise 
of our blessed Redeemer to his followers, may 
be borne in remembrance by us, " Seek ye first 
the kingdom of God and his righteousness, and 
all these things shall be added unto you." 

This Meeting being earnestly concerned that Engage- 
the service of our religious Society may not be be within 
obstructed, or its reputation dishonored, by any ^nd"^^*"^^ 
imprudence of its members in their worldly strictly 
engagements, recommends to all, that they be 
careful not to venture upon such business as 
they do not well understand; nor to launch 
out in trade beyond their abilities, and at the 
risk of others; especially on the credit which 
may be derived from a profession of the Truth ; 
but that they bound their engagements by 
their means; and when they enter into con- 
tracts, or give their words, that they endeavor 
on all occasions strictly to fulfil them. 



We particularly exhort that none engage in Hazardous 
such concerns as depend on the often decep- ^i^el to 
tive probabilities of hazardous enterprises; but be avoid- 
rather content themselves with such a plain moderate 
and moderate way of living as is consistent nvmgkept 
with the self-denying principle we make pro- *o. 
fession of; whereby many disappointments and 
grievous perplexities may be avoided, and that 
tranquillity of mind obtained which is insepara- 
ble from the right enjoyment even of temporal 
things. And it is advised, that where any 



106 TRADE. 

among us err, or are in danger of erring in 
these respects, they be faithfully and timely 
admonished. 

Inspect It is recommended that Friends frequently 

and^when i^spect the statc of their affairs, and keep their 

needful, accouuts SO clcar and accurate, that they may, 

at any time, easily know whether they live 

within the bounds of their circumstances, or 

not ; and, in case of death, that these may not 

be perplexing to survivors. And whenever 

any find that they have no more property left 

than is sufficient to discharge their just debts. 

Consult it is advised, that they immediately consult 

with some judicious Friends, and, without loss 

of time, make their circumstances known to 

their creditors; carefully avoiding the pay- 

And avoid mcnt of ouc in preference to another, that so 

none may be injured, nor any reproach be 

incurred by mismanagement. 



prefer 
ences 



And where overseers, or other concerned 
Friends, have reason to fear that any person 
or family, by living above their means, or 
from a want of punctuality in fulfilling their 
contracts, or any other cause, are declining in 
Those their circumstances, and likely to fail, it is 
faiftobe rccommcnded that such be seasonably treated 
season- with, and (if it appear requisite) advised to 
treated Call their crcditors together without delay. 
^^^^' And if, notwithstanding this advice, such per- 
sons still persist and run into embarrassment, 



TRADE. 107 

to the loss of others and to their own disrepu- 
tation, the preparative or monthly meeting to 
which they belong, ought to be timely informed 
thereof, and proceed to deal with them accord- 
ing to our rules; when, if this labor also 
prove ineffectual, a testimony of denial may 
be issued against them. 

It is advised that where such failures occur. Assignees 
and the cases are under the care of monthly tobTL-^^ 
meetings, that the Friends appointed to visit q^^ired of. 
the parties inquire of their assignees or trus- 
tees, how their deficiencies have happened, and 
report accordingly. And it is the judgment of 
this Meeting, that neither monthly nor other 
meetings should receive subscriptions, dona- wiien sub- 
tions or bequests from persons so circum- &"are^not 
stanced, until they have paid off their deficien- to.be re- 

CGivcd. 

cies, or are voluntarily acquitted thereof by 
their creditors : for it should be remembered 
that though, in such cases, the defaulter may 
have been legally discharged, the property he When of 

o, 1 • • J. 11' ability to 

may aiterwards acquire is not properly his pay just 
own, till he has fairly paid off his former ^^^**- 
debts, to the satisfaction of the creditors. 
Wherefore we further advise, that if any such 
person or persons, on being suitably reminded 
of their duty in this respect, shall refuse to 
comply therewith, inquiry be made into the 
reason, and if it be not such as shall satisfy 
the monthly meetings of which they are mem- Or be dia- 
bers, and they cannot be prevailed with, — the ^^^^ " 



108 TRADE. 

said meetings, after a proper time of labor and 
forbearance, may issue a testimony of denial 
against them. 

All cases In Order regularly to bring all cases of failure 

of failure -in ,• ^ .-, ^ i' r 

to be re- bciore preparative and monthly meetings for 

ported. their care, and also, a provision more effectually 

to insure an impartial distribution of the effects 

of insolvents, the following rules were adopted. 

(1816.) 

Overseers When any member of our religious Society 
qulre^int'o ^^ trade or business becomes unable to dis- 
eases of charge his or her debts, the overseers should 

failure *-' . . , . 

and lay take an early opportunity to ascertain the cir- 
before cumstauccs of the case, and spread the same 
meetings, before the preparative meeting, in order that 
it may be regularly forwarded to the monthly 
meeting : and if it shall appear that such fail- 
ure has arisen from a want of due attention to 
the advices of this Meeting on the subject of 
trade and business, and has brought reproach 
on our religious profession, the monthly meet- 
ing shall be at liberty to issue a testimony of 
disownment. (1816.) 

Creditors And it is also the judgment of this Meeting, 
suited^and that whcn any of our members are about to 
J^-;'-^*' assign their property, their creditors should be 

liberty to ° . . 

appoint consulted, if practicable, and have the liberty 

assignees. ^^ appointing assignees to take charge of the 

effects, which should be assigned without any 



TRADE. 109 

condition or reservation; and if the party do 
not so proceed, the case shall be treated as is 
directed in the preceding paragraph. (1816.) 

Advised, that when Friends accept the office Duties of 
of trustee or assignee, they be active in collect- ^^^^s^®®^- 
ing the effects of the estate, and punctual and 
speedy in making distribution. 

Advised, that Friends everywhere carefully GoYem- 
avoid being anyway concerned in defrauding f^^H ^g! 
the government of its duties ; that so our f^auded. 
ancient testimony in this respect may be in- 
violably maintained. 

We warn our members against a pernicious Mere 
practice amongst the trading part of the com- 1^^^^^ ^jjg, 
munity, which has often issued in the ruin of couraged. 
those concerning therein, viz. : That of raising 
and circulating a kind of paper credit, with 
endorsements, to give it an appearance of 
value, without an intrinsic reality ; a practice 
which, as it a^Dpears to be inconsistent with 
the Truth we profess, we declare our disappro- 
bation of, and entreat every member of our 
Society to avoid and discourage. 

We also caution all in membership with us Joint se- 
to avoid entering into joint securities with c^'Sed 
others, under the specious plea of rendering against. 
acts of kindness; many, by so doing, having 
been suddenly ruined, and their innocent wives 
10 



110 TRADE. 

and children reduced to deplorable circum- 
stances. " Be not thou," said the wise man, 
"one of them that strike hands; or of them 
that are sureties for debts. If thou hast no- 
thing to pay, why should he take away thy 
bed from under thee ?" 

Divine We affectionately desire that Friends may 

be waited Wait for Diviuc counscl in all their engage- 
^^^' ments, and not suffer their minds to be hurried 

away by an inordinate desire of worldly riches ; 
remembering the observation of the apostle in 
his day, and so often sorrowfully verified in 
ours, that " They who will be rich, fall into 
temptation and a snare;" and, erring from the 
faith, " pierce themselves through with many 
Dangers sorrows." Evcu whcu richcs to any extraordi- 
riches.* nary degree have been amassed by the success- 
ful industry of parents, how often have they 
proved like wings to their children, carrying 
them beyond the limitations of Truth, into 
liberties repugnant to our religious testimonies, 
and sometimes into enterprises which have 
terminated in irreparable damage to their 
temporal affairs, if not an entire forge tfulness 
of the great work of the soul's salvation. 



WAE. 

Friends are exhorted faithfully to adhere Exhorta- 
to our ancient testimony against wars and faithful 
fightings, and in no way to unite with any in ^^f^j^f^f 
warlike measures, either offensive or defensive; ourtesti 
that by the inoffensiveness of our conduct, we ^^^ 
may convincingly demonstrate ourselves to be 
real subjects of the Messiah's peaceful reign, 
and be instrumental in the promotion thereof, 
towards its desired completion, when, accord- 
ing to ancient prophecy, " the earth shall be 
full of the knowledge of the Lord, as the 
waters cover the sea ;" and its inhabitants 
"shall learn war no more." 

When goods have been distrained from any Overplus 
Friends on account of their refusal to pay fines traints" not 
for non-performance of military services, and *o ^^®^^. 
the officers, after deducting the fines and costs, less in the 
propose to return the remainder, — it is the g^^^^g^ 
sense of this Meeting, that Friends should 
maintain their testimony by suffering, rather 
than accept such overplus ; unless the same or 
a part of it is returned without a change of the 
species. 

It is declared to be the sense of this Meet- Furnish- 
ing that furnishing wagons, or other means for ^fgons a 

111 



1]2 WAR. 



military convejing military stores, is a military service ; 

seivice. ^^^ ^j^^^ ^Y^^ ^^^^ ^^ elders, overseers and faith- 
ful Friends, should be extended in true love 
and Christian tenderness, to such as deviate 
herein, in order to convince them of their error. 

Tax for It is the sense of this Meeting, that a tax, 

^^™^^' ^' levied for the purchasing of drums, colors, or 
for other warlike uses, cannot be paid con- 
sistently with our Christian testimony. 

Viewing This Meeting fervently recommends to the 
operations deep attention of all our members, that they 
^^ T^^ih ^^ religiously guarded against approving or 
unstable showiug the Icast connivance at war, either by 
party ad- attending at or viewing of military operations ; 
^^^a^st ^^ ^^ ^^y ^^^^ encouraging the unstable deceit- 
ful spirit of party, by joining with political 
devices or associations, however speciously dis- 
guised under the ensnaring subtleties commonly 
attendant thereon: but that they sincerely 
labor to experience a settlement on the alone 
sure foundation of pure unchangeable Truth ; 
whereby, through the prevalence of unfeigned 
Christian love and good will to men, we may 
convincingly demonstrate that the kingdom we 
seek is not of this world. A kingdom and 
government whose subjects are free indeed! 
redeemed from those captivating lusts from 
whence come wars and fightings. 

A living concern for the advancement of our 



WAR. 113 

testimony to the peaceable kingdom of Christ, Business 

.... T . . T p . connected 

contmumg to spread in many mmds, a lervent with war 
desire hath prevailed amongst us, that the mem- ^^^^^g^j 
bers of our religious Society would carefully 
avoid engaging in any trade or business pro- 
motive of war, — sharing or partaking of the 
spoils of war by purchasing or selling prize 
goods, importing or shipping goods in armed 
vessels, paying taxes for the express purpose 
of war, grinding of grain, feeding of cattle, oi 
selling their property for the use of the army : 
that through a close attention to the monitions 
of Divine grace, and guarding against the sup- 
pression of it either in themselves or others, 
they may be preserved in a conduct consistent 
with our holy profession, from wounding the 
minds or increasing the sufferings of each 
other; not at all doubting, that He to whom 
appertains the kingdom and the power, who is 
wonderful in working, will continue to carry 
on and perfect his blessed cause of peace in 
the earth. A solid attention to this concern Payment 
is recommended to Quarterly, monthly and taxeHn^' 
preparative meetino:s, and to our brethren in lieuofper- 

,.,. . ^ n 1 ' HIT sonal ser- 

general; it being the judgment of this Meet- vice, 
ing, that if any of our members do either veSdf or 
openly or by connivance pay any fine, penalty *^^^.^s '^ 
or tax m lieu of personal service for carry uig cates 
on war, or allow their children, apprentices or IhTpui-^'^ 
servants to act therein, or are concerned in p°^® °^ 

■' , war, cause 

arming or equipping vessels with guns, or deal of dealing. 
in public certificates issued as a compensation 
10* H 



114 WILLS. 

for expenses accrued or services performed in 
war, that they be tenderly dealt with, and if 
they cannot be brought to an acknowledgment 
of their error, monthly meetings are at liberty 
to testify against them. 

Military It is the scnse and judgment of this Meet- 
nottobe^^ ing, that it is inconsistent with our religious 
paid, how- testimony and principle, for any Friend to pay 

ever ap- •^ . x •/ 

plied a fine or tax, levied on them on account of 
their refusal to serve in the militia, although 
such fine or imposition may be applied towards 
defraying the expenses of civil government: 
and where deviations in this respect occur, 
tender dealing and advice should be extended 
to the party in order to their convincement 
and restoration; and if this proves ineffectual, 
monthly meetings should proceed to testify 
against them. 



WILLS. 

To be Knowing how quickly many are removed 

w^o? by death, it is weightily recommended, that 

health. (»are be taken by each monthly meeting, that 

Friends who have estates to dispose of, be 

advised to make their wills in time of health, 



WILLS. 115 

and strength of judgment; and therein to 
direct their substance as in justice and wisdom 
may be to their satisfaction and peace; laying Laying 
aside all resentment, though occasion may have ^68^^^*^ 
been given, lest it should go with them to the ^ent. 
grave; remembering we all stand in need of 
mercy and forgiveness. Making such wills in 
due time can shorten no one's days, but the 
omission or delay thereof to a time of sickness, 
when the mind should not be diverted from a 
solemn consideration of the approaching awful 
period of life, has often proved very injurious 
to many, and been the occasion of creating 
animosities in families, which the seasonable 
performance of this necessary duty might have 
effectually prevented. 

Friends are earnestly recommended to em- To be 
ploy persons skilful in the law, and of good per^s ^ 
repute, to make their wills ; as srreat incon- qualified 

. ,, , . , ' n therefor 

venience and loss, and sometimes the rum of 
families, have happened through the unskilful- 
ness of some who have taken upon them to 
write wills, being unqualified to act in a matter 
of such importance. And all Friends who 
may become executors or administrators, are 
advised to make a full, clear and perfect in- Advice to 
ventory of the estate and effects of the de- and^ad-^^ 
ceased, early after the interment ; as many ^^^nistra- 
difficulties and disputes have arisen, and some- 
times injustice been done, for want of it, or by 
deferring it too long. 



WOMEN'S MEETINGS. 

Esta- Forasmuch as our women's meetings for 

u^ne ^^ discipline were set up and established in Divine 
wisdom, wisdom, and by long experience have been 
found of advantage, not only to the Society in 
general, but to the youth of their own sex in 
particular; it is earnestly desired, they may 
be encouraged to come up to the help of their 
brethren in that part of the discipline of the 
church properly claiming their attention and 
Their ser- care. On considering the nature and extent 
Suows! whereof, it is apprehended a benefit might 
accrue, by explicitly setting forth their dis- 
tinct allotment and separate services in their 
monthly and Quarterly meetings, and also in 
their Yearly Meeting. 

Women's monthly meetings, are, 

Care of the First. To inspcct and relieve the wants of 

^°°^* . the poor of their own sex; and where their 

own funds are insufficient, they are to apply 

to the men's meeting for their aid, and for 

their concurrence, as cases shall require. 

Proposals Second. To take cognizance of proposals of 
riagT^ marriage, and appoint two of their members 
to inquire into the conversation and clearness 
116 



women's meetings. 117 

of the woman; also two to the oversight of 
the marriage. 

Third. They are to appoint a suitable num- Overseers. 
ber of overseers, who are to treat with offenders 
of their own sex ; that their cases be laid before 
the women's preparative, and if needful their 
monthly meeting; which should proceed to 
deal further with such delinquents and report Mode of 
the result of their labors to the men's meeting; offe^nders. 
and if further dealing is expedient, the men 
should appoint a committee to unite with the 
women therein ; the report of which joint com- 
mittee is to be made to each meeting, and the 
women having considered the same, are to in- 
form the men's meeting of their sense thereon, Men to bo 
and the subject to be finally resulted by the and ksue 
men. But when a case is brought by the *^® ^^®- 
women into the men's meeting, if on solid 
consideration further dealing does not appear 
to be needful, and the men are most easy to 
issue it, a committee should be appointed to 
prepare a testimony of disownment, which, 
when approved, is to be sent to the women's 
meeting for their concurrence, and care in de- 
livering it to the party. 



Fourth. On application of a woman for ad- Admission 

. . ... or rein- 

mission or remstatement mto membership; statement 
after a religious care therein hath been exer- JJ^ei^s^ip'"' 
cised by women overseers, and in the prepara- 
tive meeting, as the case may require, the 



118 



WOMEN S MEETINGS. 



women's monthly meeting is to make an ap- 
pointment to join the men ; the report of which 
united committee is to be made to each meet- 
ing, and the women's meeting, having con- 
sidered the same, are to convey their sense 
thereon to the men's meeting, where the sub- 
ject shall be considered and finally resulted. 



Certifi- 
cates of 
removal. 



Accept- 
ance of 
certifi- 
cates. 



Fifth. They are to join in certificates of 
removal for women Friends; in order whereto, 
the women's monthly meeting is to appoint 
two or more of their members to make the 
necessary inquiry, that the same may be pre- 
pared; and, after being considered in the 
women's, is to be laid before the men's meet- 
ing; and when there approved and signed, 
returned to the women's meeting for their 
signature : but if the certificate is intended to 
include one or more males, then they are to 
report the result of their inquiry to the Friends 
named on the like inquiry by the men's meet- 
ing; in which the certificate being approved 
and signed, is to be sent to the women's meet- 
ing for their concurrence and signing. And 
all certificates received for women Friends, are 
to be laid before the men's meeting, before they 
can be fully accepted by the women's meeting. 



Concerns SixtJi. When a woman minister apprehends 
to travel j^gj-ggif under a religious en2:ao;ement to travel 

as a minis- o o o 

ter. in Truth's service, she is first to spread her 

concern before the women's meeting; and if 



women's meetings. 119 

united with, the same is to be laid before the 
men's meeting, whose result is to be com- 
municated to the women's meeting; to which, 
when a certificate for that purpose is prepared 
and signed by the men's meeting, it is to be 
sent for their concurrence and signing. 

Seventh. When the nomination of a woman Appoint- 
elder is judged expedient, the women's meet- eiders 
ing should appoint a judicious committee, to . 
join a like committee of the men's meeting in 
the consideration thereof; whose united report 
is to be communicated to each meeting; and 
the women's meeting, after due deliberation, and 
previous to their making any conclusive minute 
thereon, are to impart their sense to the men's 
-meeting for their judgment and determination. 



Eighth. The women's preparative meetings, Answer 

the 
queries. 



where more than one constitute a monthly * ® 



meeting, are to consider and answer the 
queries : which is likewise to be done in their 
monthly meetings; from which they are to 
report the state of each monthly meeting to 
their respective Quarterly meeting; to attend Name 
which as their representatives, they should sentative? 
nominate two or more of their members. 



It is desired that women Friends in their Births and 
respective monthly meetings, would afford their 
aid to the men's meetings in the preservation 
of a regular record of births and deaths. 



WOMEN'S QUARTERLY MEETINGS. 

Certifi- First. When" a woman minister under a reli- 

toave/as a gi^us concem to travel in Truth's service, pro- 
minister duces to the Quarterly meeting a certificate of 
the approbation of the monthly meeting of 
* which she is a member, if the concern is con- 
curred with in the women's meeting, it should 
be submitted to the men's meeting; and when 
approved, an endorsement to that effect should 
be made on the certificate, signed by the clerk, 
and returned to the women's meeting for sign- 
ing by their clerk. 

Answer Seccmd. They are to receive the written 

queries, ^^.^ounts Sent from the respective women's 

monthly meeting, and transmit the collected 

answers to the queries, except the ninth, with 

such other matters as appear needful, to the 

women's Yearly Meeting; to attend the ser- 

Appomt vice whereof, each Quarterly meeting is to 

Bentatives. appoint a Suitable number of representatives. 

General Third. They are to communicate to their 

services, ^ggpective monthly meetings, such advices as 
they apprehend necessary, with any epistles 
or writings issued for that purpose by their 
Yearly Meeting ; nominate committees at the 
request of the men's meeting to visit their 
120 



YEARLY MEETING OF WOMEN. 121 

monthly meetings, or for any other service 
which the men's meeting shall judge expe- 
dient; and in all respects they are to attend to 
those matters which may properly come under 
the notice and care of women's Quarterly 
meetings. 



THE TEAELT MEETING OF 
WOMEN FRIENDS, 

Held annually in Philadelphia at the time Corre- 
of holding this Meeting, is at liberty to corre- eSrand 
spond with any other Yearly Meetings of their counsel. 
own sex, either in America or elsewhere ; and 
to issue such counsel and admonition to their 
own Quarterly and monthly meetings, as in 
the wisdom of Truth shall appear conducive 
to real benefit and mutual edification; but the 
said Yearly Meeting is not to hear or deter- Appeals. 
mine on any appeal, nor at liberty to make or Discipima 
alter any rules of discipline or queries. 

They are to have a stock of their own, for stock. 
such services as may fall more properly under 
their notice. 

And finally, it is desired that a fair record Records. 
11 



122 YEARLY MEETING. 

be kept of the minutes and proceedings of the 
Yearly, Quarterly, and monthly meetings of 
women Friends; and that annually their repre- 
sentatives to the Yearly Meeting exercise a 
Clerk. proper religious care in the choice of a clerk. 



YEARLY MEETING. 

Account It appears by the records, that our first 
biishment Yearly Meeting was held at Burlington in New 
and the Jersey, the thirty-first day of the Sixth Month, 

times of "^ ' *' y ^ ' 

holding it 1681, 0. S., for the provinces of Pennsylvania 
present ^ud Ncw Jcrsey; that in 1685, it was agreed 
a856 ^^ ^^ ^^^^ alternately at Burlington and Phila- 
delphia; that in 1755, the time of holding it 
was changed to the Ninth Month; that in 
1760, it was concluded to be held at the same 
time at Philadelphia only; that in 1798, the 
time of holding it was altered to the third 
Second-day in the Fourth Month; that in 
1827, the time of holding it was changed to 
the second Second-day of the Fourth Month; 
and in 1838, it was agreed to be held on the 
Second-day following the second First-day in 
the Fifth month, as it now is; the Yearly 
Meeting of ministers and elders to be on the 



YEARLY MEETING. 123 

seven til day of the week preceding; and both 
to begin at the tenth hour. 

It is agreed, that such Friends as may committee 
be appointed to prepare epistles shall meet lij^^^' 
together before they proceed on the service, 
and also examine the several essays previous 
to their being laid before this Meeting. 



Agreed, that all letters or papers directed On official 
to the Yearly Meeting, except from such meet- spond 
ings as regularly correspond therewith, be first ®^^®' 
perused by a few Friends to be appointed; who 
are to consider and report, whether the same 
be proper to be read in this meeting or not. 

Agreed, that when extracts from the minutes Extracts, 
of this Meeting are ordered to be sent to the 
Quarterly meetings, a full copy shall be sent 
by each of those meetings to their respective 
monthly meetings, and by the monthly to each 
of their preparative meetings, in order that 
each meeting may have a copy thereof, to have 
recourse to as occasions may require. 

The certificates of such Friends, members Certifi- 
of other Yearly Meetings, who from a religious 
concern are drawn to attend this, are to be 
read herein. 



INDEX. 



PAGB 

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS 103 



APPEALS 7, 8 

See Testimonies of Denial 103 

ARBITRATIONS 8 

Mode prescribed for settling differences ih. 

Either party not complying, to be complained of to 

the monthly meeting 9 

Erroneous or unjust award, cause of rehearing 10 

Arbitrators may consult counsel in the law ih. 

Particular cases exceptions to the positive rules 11 

Permission for a trial at law ih. 

Overseers in certain cases, to advise a speedy settle- 
ment without reference 12 

Preparative meeting concurring therewith, the com- 

laint to be dismissed ih. 

BIRTHS AND BURIALS. 13 

Committee for the preservation of order and solemnity 

at burials , . . , . ih. 

Caution when attending the burials of those not in 

communion with us ih, 

11* 125 



126 INDEX. 



PAGB 



Invitations to funerals, where a hireling minister is 
expected to officiate, not to be published in our 
meetings 14 

Formal or customary meetings at interments, advised 

against ih 

Committee to have care of our burial grounds, and 

granting permits to those not members ib. 

Marks allowed of 15 

Directions to monthly meetings ih. 

Extravagant expenses advised against ih. 

Records of births and deaths to be kept 15, 16 

BOOKS 17 

Oversight of writings, vested in the meeting for suf- 
ferings, on the author's application ih. 

Persons publishing that which tends to excite disunity 

and discord among us, to be disowned ih. 

Printers and booksellers not to sell or lend pernicious 

books 17, 18 

CERTIFICATES 18 

For travelling Friends, to be returned, and all certifi- 
cates to be recorded ih. 

Mode of signing 19 

Of removals ih. 

See also Women's Meetings 118 

Residence gained on receipt of the certificate 20 

Persons falling into necessitous circumstances, or who 
are reduced through unavoidable losses, to be 

assisted ih. 

Certificates to be sent after such as have removed 

without applying for them 21 

If their conduct has been exceptionable, they are to 

be treated with, and the manner pointed out ih. 



INDEX. 127 



PAGE 



Parents, guardians, &c. to apply for certificates for 

minors 21 

Persons coming amongst Friends without certificates, 
and being of disorderly conduct, to be treated 

with 22 

Recommendation to visit such who bring certifi- 
cates ib' 

See Ministers and Elders 64, 65 

Concerning marriage 47, 48 

Correspondents 22 

CHARITY AND UNITY 23 

Caution against resentment. See Wills 115 

CIVIL GOVERNMENT 24 

No office or station to be accepted, the duties or exer- 
cise whereof may violate our testimonies 24 

Election to offices or stations ih. 

Caution against defrauding. See Trade 109 

CLERKS— 

See Discipline 40 

Women's meeting 118 

CONDUCT AND CONVERSATION 25 

Immorality to be testified against 26 

Blasphemy, and denial of the divinity of Christ — 

testified against ih. 

Strict justice to be observed in all our dealings 27 

CONVINCED PERSONS 28 

Order prescribed for receiving persons into mem- 
bership ih. 

Nation or color, no obstruction if the applicant is 

united to us in principle and practice 29 



128 INDEX. 



PAQB 



Such as have been disowned received as other appli- 
cants 29 

DANCmG— ^ee Diversio\is 42 

DAYS AND TIMES 30 

Reasons for not observing fasts, &c 31 

DEFAMATION AND DETRACTION 32 

Gospel order held up to view ib. 

Persons guilty of detraction to be dealt with ib. 

Reporters and tale bearers also to be dealt with 33 

DISCIPLINE AND MEETINGS FOR DISCI- 
PLINE 33 

Connection and subordination of meetings 34 

To make or alter any rule of discipline, men and 

women Friends to unite 34 

Meetings set up by consent of superior meetings ib. 

A meeting for worship consisting of members of two 

or more monthly meetings ib. 

Minutes of the business of meetings to be kept in 

books provided for the purpose 35 

Cases too weighty or difficult for monthly meetings, 

should claim the care of Quarterly meetings ib. 

Copies of minutes or records may be granted to meet- 
ings, or individuals 36 

Representatives to be appointed, to attend Quarterly 

and Yearly meetings ih. 

Mode of treating with such as reside at a distance.... 37 

Offenders not to sit in meetings for discipline 38 

Explicit accounts of sufferings to be forwarded by 

Quarterly meetings to meeting for sufferings ib. 

Rights of children whose parents have been married 

contrary to our order 39 



INDEX. 129 



PAQB 



Sorcery to be testified against 39 

Clerks to be seasonably changed 40 

Use and design of preparative meetings ih, 

DONATIONS AND SUBSCRIPTIONS 41 

ELDERS to be chosen 61 

Mode of their appointment 62 

Appointment of a committee once in four years to 

consider of changing them ih. 

FAMILY VISITS 41 

GAMING AND DIVERSIONS 42 

Different kinds enumerated as cause of disownment... ih. 

LAW 43 

Refusal to pay debts cause of disownment ib. 

Debtors' effects to be surrendered or they disowned... 43 

Christian charity to be exercised ih. 

Ability to pay deficiencies if not complied with, cause 

of disownment ih. 

See also Trade lOT 

Suing at law except with certain restrictions dis- 
allowed of and to be testified against 44 

LEGACIES AND BEQUESTS— 

See Donations 41 

Meeting for Sufferings 55 

Strictly applied 92 

LIBERTY OF CONSCIENCE- 

/See Civil Government 23 

I 



130 INDEX. 



PAGE 



LOTTERIES— 

See Gaming 42 

MARRIAGES 45 

Divine counsel to be waited for ih. 

Principles on which our good order is founded 45, 46 

Mode of proceeding in marriage 46, 47 

Consent of parents, and certificates of clearness, to be 

produced 47 

Rights of children of widows to be secured ih. 

Form of marriage certificate 48, 49 

Marriages of first cousins, and all others so near akin, 

not to be permitted 50-52 

Care and caution to prevent mixed marriages 51 

Members to be admonished ih. 

Mixed marriages, and those before a priest or hireling 

minister, to be treated as offences 51, 52 

Members who marry those not in membership, out of 
the order of Friends, may be retained without a 
written acknowledgment, where no immoral con- 
duct or breach of our testimonies, has occurred.. 52 

See Advices following Queries 91 

One party not in membership 62 

MEETING HOUSES 53 

Timely care advised for inspection of titles of real 
estate held by meetings, that the trusts may be 
seasonably renewed ih. 

Regular account to be preserved, when, and with 
whom the papers, minutes, &c. of meetings are 
deposited ih, 

MEETING FOR SUFFERINGS 54 

Its services and duties 54-56 



INDEX. 131 



PASB 



MEETINGS FOR WORSHIP 57 

Unbecoming behavior requiring admonition ib. 

Exhortation to diligence in attending meetings ib. 

Such who wilfully neglect them and are not reclaimed 

by the labor of Friends, to be disowned 58 

Drowsiness in meeting is offensive ib. 

MEETINGS FOR DISCIPLINE— 

See Discipline, &c 34-40 

MEMORIALS 59 

8ee Meeting for sufferings 55 

MINISTERS AND ELDERS 60 

Advice to ministers ib. 

Misbehavior of ministers requires admonition ib. 

Public opposition to approved ministers disallowed.... 61 

Appointment of Elders 61,62 

Recommendation of ministers 63, 64 

No minister to appoint meetings out of the limits of 
their Quarterly meeting, but with the consent of 

the monthly meeting 64 

Elders, appearing in the ministry ib. 

Ministers concerned to travel are to spread their con- 
cerns before the monthly meetings ib. 

General religious visits are to have the concurrence of 

the Quarterly meeting Q^ 

Monthly meeting certificate, sufficient to attend one 

of the Yearly Meetings on this continent ib. 

Also to visit the meetings of one or two Quarterly 
meetings adjacent to our limits, belonging to 

New York or Maryland ib. 

Meetings to render assistance to ministers perform- 
ing religious visits, if requisite Q^^QQ 



132 INDEX. 



PACK 



Preparative meetings of ministers and elders 66 

Quarterly meetings, of ditto 67 

Yearly Meeting, . of ditto ib. 

Concerns of ministers for crossing the seas, to be 

considered in the Yearly Meeting ih. 

Meetings of ministers and elders are not to interfere 

with meetings for discipline 68 

Mode of treating with a minister or elder who may 

lose his or her service ih. 

>S(ge Women's Meetings 119 

MODERATION AND TEMPERANCE 69 

Idle company and evil practices to be avoided ib. 

Giving or receiving strong liquors at vendues 70 

Ruinous effects of distilled spirituous liquors ih. 

Moderation at marriages, &c. recommended 71 

Distillation of spirits, or selling such liquors, causes 

of disownment ih. 

Using spirituous liquors, as a drink, advised against.. 72 

See Fourth Query . 90 

MONUMENTS— 

See Marks 15 

MUSIC— 

See Diversions 42 

NEGROES OR SLAVES 73 

Advice, assistance and school learning to be given to 

this people 74 

Hiring slaves opposed to our testimony ih. 

Caution to executors and administrators ih. 

Advice to such as have held slaves 74, 75 



INDEX. . 133 



PAGE 



The importation, selling, purchasing or giving away 

slaves, testified against 75 

OATHS 77 

Members that are parties to, or connive at their clerks 

administering oaths, to be treated with %b. 

Violation of this testimony to be testified against 78 

Friends advised against electing or promoting their 
brethren to offices in government whereby this 
testimony may be violated ^6. 

Recommendation respecting witnesses to instruments 

of writing ih. 

OFFICES IN GOVERNMENT— 

8m Civil Government 23, 24 

OVERSEERS 79 

Their service and duty ih. 

Appointment of a committee once in three years to 

consider of changing them 80 

PARENTS AND CHILDREN 81 

Youth exhorted to avoid ensnaring corruptions ih. 

Such who go into extravagant fashions or fall into 

evil company and excesses, to be treated with 82 

Parents indulging their children in extravagance 83 

Children to be brought up to industry ih. 

Children of the poor to be instructed in useful em- 
ployments, on moderate terms ih. 

PLAINNESS 84 

Caution to tradesmen and others ih. 

Maintenance of this testimony in our speech, without 

respect to persons 85 

12 



134 INDEX. 

See Third Query 90 



PA6B 



POOR 86 

Advice and assistance to be afforded them ih. 

Funds to be raised for this purpose ih. 

Situation of our fellow-members not to be exposed.... 87 

See Fifth Query 90 

/See Women's Meetings 116 

PRIESTS' WAGES OR HIRELING MINISTRY 8T 

Gospel ministry, free ih. 

Violation of this testimony to be testified against ih. 

Advice on attending the worship of those not in com- 
munion with us 88 

QUERIES 88 

For meetings for discipline 89-93 

For meetings of ministers and elders 94, 95 

RACES— 

See Gaming and Diversions 42 

RECORDS— 

See Births and Deaths 16 

Certificates 18 

Discipline 35 

Copies to be given ih. 

Marriage certificates 48 

Meeting houses 53 

Women's meetings 121 

Yearly Meeting 122 

RELIGIOUS VISITS- 

See Families 41 



INDEX. 135 



PAGE 



Ministers and elders 64-66 

Women's meetings 118 

REMOVALS— 

See Certificates 20-22 

Discipline treating with such as are at a distance 37 

Women's meetings 118 

REPRESENTATIVE COMMITTEE, OR MEET- 
ING FOR SUFFERINGS 54 

REPRESENTATIVES— 

See Discipline 36 

Women's meetings 119 

RESIGNATIONS 96 

SECRET SOCIETIES ^5. 

RIGHTS OF CHILDREN— 

See Discipline 39 

Marriages, children of widows 47 

SCHOOLS 98,99 

See Queries 93 

SCRIPTURES 100 

SORCERY— 

See Discipline 39 

SPIRITUOUS LIQUORS— 

Dram drinking. See Moderation and Temperance... 69 

Taverns 102 



136 INDEX. 



PAGE 



STOCK 101 

Arrangement of the quotas 102 

xSee Women's Meetings 121 

TAVERNS 102 

Unnecessary frequenting them to be avoided ih. 

Caution against keeping them ib. 

Friends to exert their influence against the unneces- 
sary increase of them 103 

TAXES— 

See^^.v 111-114 

TESTIMONIES OF DENIAL AND ACKNOW- 
LEDGMENTS 103 

Acknowledgments, to be in writing ib. 

Members under dealing to be notified that a testimony 

is to be issued 104 

Information of the right of appeal ib, 

TRADE 104 

Engagements to be within our means and strictly ful- 
filled 105 

Hazardous enterprises to be avoided ib. 

Accounts to be accurately kept, and if a failure be 

apprehended, creditors are to be informed 106 

Such as run into embarrassment to be treated with 

by preparative and monthly meetings ib. 

Assignees or trustees to be inquired of. 107 

Debtors acquiring sufficiency, to discharge their debts, 

and refusing so to do, are to be disowned ib. 

See the same case under Law 43 

All cases of failure to be attended to by monthly 

meetings 108 



INDEX. 137 



PAQB 



Creditors to be consulted, when assignments are 
about to be made, and have liberty to appoint 

assignees 108 

Assignments to be made without condition or reserva- 
tion ih. 

Defrauding the government cautioned against 109 

Mere paper credit inconsistent with truth ib. 

Joint securities cautioned against ih. 

/S'ee Queries 6th and 7th 90,91 

WAGERING— 

See Gaming 42 

WAR Ill 

Exhortation to maintain this testimony ih. 

Overplus of distraints not to be received unless in the 

same goods ih. 

Furnishing wagons, a military service ih. 

Taxes for warlike purposes not to be paid 112 

Viewing military operations or joining with party 

spirit advised against ih. 

Business connected with war to be avoided 113 

Payment of fines, arming vessels, and dealing in cer- 
tificates issued for the purpose of war, to be tes- 
tified against ih. 

Fine or tax levied on account of militia laws, not to 

be paid, however applied 114 

See Sixth Query 90 

WILLS 114 

See Advices after Queries 92 

WOMEN'S MEETINGS 116 

Care of the poor ih. 

12* 



138 INDEX. 

PAQB 

To make or alter any rule of discipline, men and 

women Friends to unite 34 

Proposals of marriage 116 

Treatment with offenders 117 

Admission or reinstatement into membership ih. 

Certificates 118 

Concerns of ministers ih. 

Appointment of elders 119 

Service of preparative meetings ih. 

Their Quarterly meetings 120 

Certificates of ministers and their concerns ih. 

Their Yearly Meeting 121 

Stock ih, 

YEARLY MEETING 122 

Account of its first establishment to the present time ih. 

Committee on epistles 123 

Letters or papers to be examined ih. 

Extracts, to go to the subordinate meetings ih. 

Certificates of Friends attending the meeting ih. 



THE END.