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THIS BOOK PRESENTED BY
Glen Haven Quaker Meeting
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in 2010 witii funding from
University of Pittsburgii Library System
RULES OF DISCIPLINE
HELD IN PHILADELPHIA.
STEREOTYPED FOR THE YEARLY MEETING.
PRINTED BY DIRECTION OF THE REPRESENTATIVE COMMITTEE
OR MEETING FOR SUFFERINGS.
It is necessary to observe that the dates in this edition denote
the years in which those portions were issued or altered by the
Yearly Meeting ; where no dates are affixed, the paragraph stands
as in the edition of 1806.
As it hath pleased the Lord in these latter days, by
his spirit and power, to gather a people to himself;
and, releasing them from the impositions and teach-
ings of men, to inspire them with degrees of the same
universal love and good-will by which the dispensa-
tion of the gospel was ushered in, — these have been
engaged to meet together for the worship of God in
Spirit, according to the direction of the holy Law-
giver ; as also for the exercise of a tender care over
each other, that all may be preserved in unity of faith
and practice, answerable to the description which He
the ever-blessed Shepherd gave of his flock, " By this
shall all men know that ye are my disciples, if ye
have love one to another." John xiii. 35,
For this important end, and as an exterior hedge
of preservation to us, against the many temptations
and dangers, to which our situation in this world ex-
poses US, the following rules have been occasionally
adopted by the Society, and now form our code of dis-
cipline. In the exercise whereof it is to be observed,
that if any member be found in a conduct subversive
of its order, or repugnant to the testimonies which we
believe we are intrusted with for the promotion of
Truth in the earth, it becomes our indispensable duty
to treat with such, in meekness and brotherly com-
passion, without unnecessary delay or improper expo-
sure ; according to the direction of our Lord -to his
church, " If thy brother shall trespass against thee,
go and tell him his fault, between thee and him alone :
if he shall hear thee, thou hast gained thy brother.
But if he will not hear thee, then take with thee one
or two more, that in the mouth of two or three wit-
nesses, every word may be established. And if he
shall neglect to hear them, tell it to the church ; but
if he neglect to hear the church, let him be unto thee
as an heathen-man and a publican." Matt. chap,
xviii. 15, 16, 17.
This is the extent of the Society's censure against
irreclaimable offenders, they are disowned as mem-
bers of our religious community ; which is recom-
mended to be done in such a disposition of mind, as
may convince them, that we sincerely desire their
recovery and restoration, " considering ourselves, lest
we also be tempted." Gal. vi. 1. 4^
For the more regular and effectual support of this
order of the Society, beside the usual meetings for the
purpose of Divine worship, others are instituted sub-
ordinate to each other; such as, First. Prepara.tive
meetings; which commonly consist of the members
of a meeting for worship. Second. Monthly meetings;
each of which commonly consists of several prepa-
rative meetings. Third. Quarterly meetings; each
of which consists of several of the monthly meetings.
And Fourth. The Yearly Meeting, which comprises
These meetings have all distinct allotments of ser-
vice. And as experience shows that when this ser-
vice is attended to in uprightness, and dedication of
heart, with a single eye to the honour of our Holy
Head, and the help and edification one of another, in
the love wherewith he has loved us, our assemblies
are often favoured with his aid and direction, —
Friends are affectionately desired and exhorted to be
diligent in the attendance of them; and when met,
humbly seek to be clothed with the spirit of wisdom
and charity. This will divest the mind of a depend-
ence on our own strength and abilities, endue us with
patience and condescension towards each other; and,
being preserved in fellowship, agreeably to our Lord's
declaration, " One is your master, even Christ, and all
ye are brethren," a qualification will be experienced in
our several stations and movements, to build up one
another in that faith which works by love to the
purifying of the heart.
So may we be living members of the Church mili-
tant on earth; and inhabitants of that city which
hath foundations, whose maker and builder the Lord
is ; knowing indeed with exceeding joy, that great is
He the Holy One of Israel in the midst of her.
EULES OF DISCIPLINE.
If any person be dissatisfied with, or think Notice to
themselves aggrieved by the judgment of a meeting.
monthly meeting, they may, after a copy of
the testimony is delivered to them, notify the
first or second meeting (but no other) of their
intention of appealing to the ensuing Quarterly
meeting : which notification the monthly meet- Monthly
ITT . . 1 • , meeting
mg should enter on its minutes, and appoint action,
four or more Friends to attend the Quarterly
meeting with that, and copies of the minutes
of the men's or women's meeting, relative to
the case, signed by the clerk, or clerks; there
to show the reasons whereon that judgment
was founded, and submitting it to the said
meeting. The Quarterly meeting is then to Quarterly
refer the same to a solid committee of Friends action,
(omitting those of the monthly meeting from
which the appeal comes) and to confirm or re-
verse the said judgment, as, on impartial deli-
beration, shall appear to be right, taking care
to inform the parties of the result.
Yearly If such appellant is dissatisfied with the
ftctfo^^ judgment of a Quarterly meeting also; and, on
being informed thereof, shall notify that or the
next (but not afterwards) of their intention to
apply to the Yearly Meeting for a further
hearing, the said Quarterly meeting, after re-
cording such notification, is in like manner to
appoint at least three Friends, to attend the
Yearly Meeting with copies of the records of
both the monthly and Quarterly meetings in
the case, signed by their clerks. Here it is to
be finally determined, and a copy of the de-
termination is to be sent to the meeting from
which the appeal came.
If occasions of differences arise between any
of our members about their property, it is
recommended that the parties proceed in the
Mode pre- Let the party who thinks him or herself ag-
settlement gricvcd. Calmly and kindly request the other
ences.^^^^' ^^ comply with the demand; and, if this be
disputed, the complainant, or if he or she lives
at too great a distance, some Friend whom
they may authorize, should take with him one
or two of the overseers, or other discreet.
Friends, and in their presence repeat the de-
If this step also fails of the desired effect. Reference
the parties should be advised to choose a suit- tion advis-
able number of Friends as arbitrators, and ^ *
mutually engage by bond, or other written
instrument adapted to the occasion, to abide
by their determination.
Should this proposal be acceded to, and Duty of ar-
arbitrators accordingly chosen, they ought, as
speedily as circumstances will admit, to appoint
time and place, and attend to the business
without unnecessary delay; giving the parties
a fair and full hearing in the presence of each
other, but listening to neither of them apart,
nor suffering their own sentiments to be known
abroad till they have fully digested the subject,
and come to a clear decision ; which they should
be careful to do within the time asrreed on.
But, if either of the said parties shall refuse Either
to submit the matter in dispute to arbitrators, complying
or, when that is done, neglect to give his or her p^-dnedTf
attendance when desired, without a sufficient ^^ *?,
. . monthly
reason being assigned, or not abide by their meeting.
award when issued; in either of those cases,
the offender should be complained of to the
niuntlily meeting of which he or she is a mem-
Anerrone-.ber ; aiid^ if they cannot be brought to a sense
just award of their error, the said meeting should declare
rehearing. ^^^ disuuiou with them; unless such person
make it evident to the satisfaction of the said
meeting, that the award is erroneous or unjust.
In which case, the matter in dispute may be
referred either to the same, or other arbitrators,
as the meeting shall judge best; and their
Parties award shall be final. After which, if either
cscing to of the parties at variance, prove so regardless
bedisown- ^^ peace and unity as not to acquiesce in such
corrected determination, the monthly meeting
they belong to should proceed to issue a testi-
mony against him or her so refusing.
Arbitra- Where arbitrators are at a loss for want of
consult legal knowledge, it may be proper for them, at
c unse . ^^^ joint cxpeusc of the parties, to take the
opinion of counsel learned in the law, in order
to come at a proper judgment in the matter
Should be referred to them. And that they may the bet-
unbiassed. T P 1 • .
ter answer the end oi their ajDpomtment, and
be helpful in conciliating the minds of the
parties, they ought not to consider themselves
as advocates for those by whom they are
chosen, but as men whose duty it is to judge
righteously, fearing the Lord. They should,
as much as may be, shun all previous informar
tion respecting the case; or, having heard any
thing on it, stand unbiassed thereby. They
should reiect no evidence or witness proposed, i^eject no
. PIT e^'idenoe.
nor receive any but m the presence oi both
parties; and in their award, they need not
assign any reason for their determinations.
And whereas there may be some circum- Cases ex-
stances even in disputed matters, wherein the °^^ ^
foregoing wholesome method of proceeding
cannot be complied with; such as, 1st. The
party absconding, or leaving the country with
design to defraud his or her creditors; or, 2d.
That the going through the meetings, by the
time it must necessarily take up, might be a
manifest damage to the creditor or claimant,
by other people's postponing him or her ; as in
cases of apparent danger of bankruptcy, or the
party being overloaded with debts, and other
creditors generally coming on; or, 3d. That
there may be danger of future damage to such
as submit thereto, as in the case of executors,
administrators, or trustees. It may therefore
be necessary, and it is advised, that the
monthly meeting, where such cases happen,
do hold excused such as shall in the two first
mentioned circumstances in this paragraph,
appear to them to be really necessitated to pro-
ceed at law : and in the latter case of execu- permis-
tors, administrators, or trustees, where it shall ^^^^ ^ dis-
appear to the meeting that our friendly way ^^}^^ ^J~*^
may be unsafe, such may be permitted to have law.
the matter tried at law, with this caution, that
the parties on both sides do behave towards
each other in brotherly love, decency and
moderation, without anger or animosity; which
will be a becoming testimony even in courts, and
show that nothing but the nature of the case,
and our station in common with others, under
the laws of the land, bring any of us there.
Overseers As it mav somctiuies occur that a member,
to consider . , ^ n ^ ^ t pi
carefully Cither lor waut 01 a clear understanding oi the
the nature i • xi i • • u
of com- business, or through an improper mnuence,
plaint. may present a complaint against another mem-
ber, wherein the overseers, after fully hearing
both parties, being decidedly of opinion that
the case does not require a reference, they are
Prepara- to advisc a spccdy settlement thereof; which
ingmay*be being ineffectual, and the comj)lainant remain-
and^^^^om- i^^o dissatisficd therewith, he may have liberty
mittee ap- ^q inform the preparative meetinsr where the
pointed. . . . .
other party is a member (without mentioning
any name) that having a matter in dispute
with one of their members, he is desirous of
their assistance in order to a settlement there-
of: — the said meeting is then to appoint a
judicious committee to inquire into the pro-
priety of the matter being left to arbitration;
if they should judge that the complaint ought
to be referred, they are to advise that it be
submitted accordingly; but if the said com-
mittee concur in judgment with the overseers,
the complaint is to be dismissed.
BIRTHS AND BURIALS. 13
It is desired that persons differing about Ministers
worldly affairs, do as little as may be, engage tors advis-
Friends in the ministry as arbitrators in such ^ ^^^^^^^
BIRTHS AND BURIALS.
As some who attend burials may have to Modera-
come a considerable distance, and need bodily vised.
refreshment, it is earnestly advised, that in
making preparations on such occasions, mode-
ration may be observed; and that Friends in
all respects demean themselves with gravity.
And when the contrary appears, care should
be taken, and suitable admonition extended;
that every thing tending to lessen the solemnity
on such occasions, may be avoided. (1841.)
It is recommended, that one or more suit- Appoint-
ii-n«ip 1 ' 1 • 1 menttosee
able J^riends oi each particular meeting, be that good
appointed by monthly meetings to attend at observed
funerals, to see that good order is observed; J^j/*^®"
and that the corpse be removed about an hour
after the time set for meeting at the house.
Advised, that Friends be careful themselves. Christian
and encourage their families in the mainte-
14 BIRTHS AND BURIALS.
maintain- nance of our Christian testimonies, when at-
tending the burials of those not in communion
Cases with US; — and that Friends do not publish in-
tations^TTe vitatious, in our religious meetings, to burials
pubHshed^ wliere a hireling minister is expected to offi-
* ciate. (1841.)
Meetings Jn order that meetings may not oe held at
at fiine- . . pi -i. •
rais. interments m a customary or lormai way, it is
advised that the proposal for holding any such
meeting, be previously submitted to the con-
sideration of the elders and overseers, or other
solid Friends, either of the meeting in the
compass of which the deceased resided, or of
that in which the interment is to take place, —
that the counsel or mind of Truth may be
waited for and followed. (1841.)
Appoint- And to prevent the introduction of improper
the care interments amongst us, it is recommended, that
p-oT^dT^ two or more Friends be appointed to the care
of our several burial grounds by preparative
or monthly meetings, as the case may require ;
and that no person who is not in membership
be buried therein, without a permit in writing
signed by one or two of those Friends; who
should also take care that our burial grounds
be properly enclosed, and kept in decent order.
Apaxiseat It is further recommended, that at all inter-
ments time be allowed for a solemn pause, both
BIRTHS AND BURIALS.
before and after the corpse is put into the
It is affectionately advised that Friends keep
to true moderation in all things appertaining
to interments, and that no costly or showy
monuments be affixed to graves in any of our
burial grounds; or any mark be permitted ex- Marks ai-
ceeding six inches in height above the level
of the ground, or more than sixteen inches in
width and four inches in thickness, with the
name and age of the deceased.
Monthly meetings are directed to give the Directions
subject particular care and attention, in order meetings.
that no stone or device should be permitted,
or any departure from the rule, allowed of or
submitted to, in our burial grounds; and such
as are placed already in our burial grounds are
directed to be reduced, as early as is con-
veniently practicable, to the height mentioned.
Friends are advised against imitating the Mourning
, n • • • • habits, &c.
vam custom oi wearing or giving mourning
habits, and all extravagant expenses about
the interment of the dead.
As great inconvenience may arise from the Record of
, p T , , ,' i 1 • 1 births and
want 01 due attention to keeping a regular deaths.
record of births and deaths, it is earnestly
BIRTHS AND BURIALS.
enjoined on each monthly meeting, that they
appoint a careful Friend, whose duty it shall
be, in a book provided for the purpose at the
monthly meeting's expense, to keep a record
of all births and deaths of members that shall
occur within their respective limits, and which
shall be oflfered to him for that purpose. And
in order to engage the attention of monthly
meetings more closely to this subject, it is
further enjoined, that an explicit answer be
annually given by monthly to Quarterly meet-
ings, and through them to the Yearly Meeting,
to the query. Whether due care is taken to
keep a regular record of births and deaths?
The form of the record to be as follows —
Names of the
Names of the
Names of the
It is recommended to the meeting for suffer- Pubiica-
ings to advise or assist any of our members,
on their own application, who may incline to
publish any manuscript or work which may
tend to promote the cause of Truth or be
beneficial to society. (1829.) And it is the writings
. that excite
sense of this Meeting, that if any one shall disunity.
print or publish any writing which tends to
excite disunity and discord among us, such
persons should be complained of to the
monthly meeting they belong to ; and if they
cannot be convinced of the impropriety of
their conduct, be testified against, as opposed
to the peace and good order of the Society.
This Meeting doth earnestly exhort all par Advice
rents, heads of families, and guardians of mi- rfading
nors, that they prevent, as much as in them ^oX!'^'^
lies, their children and others under their care
and tuition, from having or reading books and
papers tending to prejudice the profession of
the Christian religion, to create the least doubt
concerning the authenticity of the holy Scrip-
tures, or of those saving truths declared in
them ; lest their infant and feeble minds should
be poisoned thereby, and a foundation laid for
2* B 17
the greatest evils. And it is earnestly recom-
mended to every member of our religious
society, that they discourage and suppress the
reading of plays, romances, novels, or other
Against pcmicious booksj and printers and booksellers
Bemng,%r i^ profcssion with us, are cautioned against
Buch'^^ j)rinting, selling, or lending such books; as it
books. is a practice so inconsistent with the purity of
the Christian religion. And Friends are de-
sired to be careful in the choice of all books in
which their children and families read ; seeing
there are many under the specious titles of
promoting religion and morality, which con-
tain sentiments repugnant to the truth in
For tra- It is rccommcndcd to the Quarterly and
Friends to monthly meetings, to take care that all certifi-
abir^rr-"^' cates or minutes which may be given to any
turned, travelling Friend, be recorded; and upon the
Of removal rctum of such Friend, seasonably delivered
ed in the back to the meeting; and that all certificates
meethig of rcmoval brought by any Friend intending
and re- to rcsidc amouffst us, shall be lodged in the
corded. <-> -> <~i
monthly meeting where the same is accept-
ed ; and also that every meeting do keep a
copy or record of all certificates which they
All certificates of removal prepared for wo- For women
men Friends, after being considered in their ^^^^^^^^^
monthly meeting, are to be sent to the men's, clerks.
and if there approved, signed by the clerks of
Friends are advised to be very cautious in Advice
changing their places of residence : it having S^jour*
been observed that the dissolvino^ of old, and change of
the forming of new connections, have in many
instances been attended with effects prejudi-
cial to a growth in the Truth and the service
thereof, both in the heads and younger branches
of families. We therefore recommend to all,
that on these occasions a strict attention be
paid to the pointings of Divine wisdom ; and
that, before any determine to change their
places of abode, they consult with their expe-
When a monthly meeting is engaged to pre- inquiry
pare a certificate on account of the removal of gi!anUng
any Friend to reside within the limits of an- certificates.
other monthly meeting, careful inquiry should
be made by a committee appointed for that
purpose, respecting the situation of his or her
temporal affairs, and also, if single, concerning
their situation in relation to marriage engage-
ments ; and if on such inquiry no impediment
should be found, the certificate should state,
that, on inquiry no obstruction appeared rela-
tive to his or her outward affairs to the grant-
ing a certificate. (1818.)
To be con- It is the judgment of this Meeting, that when
accepted a Certificate of removal from one monthly meet-
ducTd.^^^' ^"S addressed to another is produced therein,
and it is found that the person or persons re-
commended reside within the limits thereof, it
should be considered as accepted, and the par-
ties members of that meeting. But if any such
persons shall fall into circumstances requiring
pecuniary relief within one year after the re-
ceipt of such certificate, the meeting removed
to, ought to assist them, giving speedy notice
thereof to the other ; whereupon that meeting
should immediately take care of them, and
repay the charge which has been or may be in-
curred on that account. But if any Friend be
reduced in his or her circumstances by fire or
other sudden unavoidable losses, though it may
be within one year after their removal as afore-
said, they should be kindly assisted and re-
lieved by the meeting where such persons
All Friends removing out of the limits of
tion to be .
made for their monthly meetmgs, whether lor contniu-
cates." ance, or for any considerable length of time,
are advised to apply to their respective meet-
ings for certificates directed to those within
which they propose to sojourn or settle. But To be sent
if any shall remove without so applying, the TppHedfor.
monthly meetings of which they are members,
after the usual inquiry made, and no obstruc-
tion appearing, should send certificates for them
to the monthly meetings within which they
are removed, and that without improper delay, inconveni-
But if their conduct requires their being dealt ^^J^uch^
with, and the distance such as to be inconve- as have re-
r» 1 • 1 1 in moved at a
nient lor the meetmg they nave removed irom, distance.
the monthly meeting within which they are,
should be requested to treat with him or her
thereon, and report the effect of its care. On
which, if it proves satisfactory, a certificate of
recommendation or removal may be ordered ;
but if otherwise, and a testimony of disunion
is issued, the meeting within which he or she
resides, should be furnished with a copy thereof,
to be delivered to the party, with information
of their right of appeal.
It is to be understood that where appren- Appren-
■'■■'•. tices and
tices, or persons under age, are under a necessity minors.
of going from one place to another, their pa-
rents or guardians, masters or mistresses,
should apply for certificates for them, recom-
mending them to the care and oversight of the
monthly meetings whereto they remove.
If any person appearing as a Friend, come as^Friendf
without within the compass of a monthly meeting, not
certificates . ••• . "^ i p
and of dis- being recommended by certificate, and be of
conduct, to disorderly conduct, the overseers or other con-
be treated cerncd Fricnds should inquire whether or not
he or she is a member of our society; and, if
they prove so to be, admonish them; or, if
the occasion require it, report the case to the
preparative, and from thence to the monthly
meeting; which should thereupon inform the
monthly meeting of which he or she is a mem-
ber, of the circumstance, and take the direction
of said meeting for dealing further with them,
according to our rules in cases of that nature.
Visits to It is recommended that monthly meetings,
brfng^tr- ^^ way may open, appoint two or more Friends
tificates. to visit such who comc recommended by certi-
ficate to settle amongst them.
Certificates Monthly meetings are advised to take due
ty^of mof^" care that certificates of removal be seasonably
meetings, forwarded by suitable conveyances to the
and to be "^ . i • i i
seasonably monthly meetings to which they are directed
orwar e . — ^^^^ being the exclusive property of such
Corres- Each Quarterly and Monthly Meeting
pon en s. g]^^^^^ appoint a correspondent, to whom cer-
tificates or other communications intended for
the meeting should be addressed, and whose
duty it should be to acknowledge promptly,
by letter or otherwise, the reception of such
CHARITY AND UNITY. 23
communications, and also to forward from
their respective meetings such papers as may
be placed in their charge for that purpose.
The name and post-office address of each cor-
respondent to be forwarded annually to the
Yearly Meeting, and a full list thereof pub-
lished in the extracts. (1864.)
CHARITY AND UNITY.
It is advised, that where there is any ap- Dissension,
pearance of dissension and variance, or of un-
kind resentment and shyness among our mem-
bers, the parties be timely and tenderly
apprized of the danger to which they thereby
expose both themselves and others, and ear-
nestly exhorted to mutual condescension and
forgiveness, becoming the followers of Christ :
And if any, notwithstanding such endeavours
for their help, continue to manifest an impla-
cable enmity to others, the overseers or other impiaca-
solid Friends of the preparative or monthly ty.
meeting they belong to, should be informed
thereof, and labour further with them : when,
if they still prove inflexible, they ought to be
testified against as out of the unity of the
body — the very end of whose existence is the
promotion of peace on earth, and good-will
Liberty of LiBERTY of conscience beinff the common
con- . . '-' .
science. Fight of all men, and particularly essential to
the well-being of religious societies, we hold it
to be indispensably incumbent upon us to
maintain it inviolably among ourselves : and
Caution therefore advise and exhort all in profession
respecting p /y»
offices. With US, to decline the acceptance of any office
or station in civil government, the duties of
which are inconsistent with our religious prin-
ciples ; or in the exercise of which they may
be, or think themselves to be, under the neces-
sity of exacting of their brethren any com-
pliances against which we are conscientiously
scrupulous. And if any persons in member-
ship with us, notwithstanding this advice, shall
persist in a conduct so reverse to our principles
and religious liberty, it is the sense of this
Meeting that they be treated with, as in other
cases of offence ; and if they cannot be brought
to see and acknowledge their error, that the
monthly meetings to which they belong should
proceed to testify our disunity with them.
Not to And it is also the sense and judgment of this
berstosta- Meeting, that Friends ought not, in any wise,
wMcbtend ^^ ^^ activc or acccssory in electing, or promot-
to lay ing to be elected, their brethren to such offices
testimo- or stations in civil government, the execution
^®^' whereof tends to lay waste our Christian testi-
CONDUCT AND CONVERSATION. 25
mony, or subject their brethren or others to
sufferings on account of their conscientious
Believing that we are called to show forth to Peaceable
the world in life and practice, that the blessed of Christ.
reign of the Messiah, the Prince of peace, is
begun, and we doubt not will proceed till it at-
tains its completion in the earth, when accord-
ing to the prophecies of Isaiah and Micah,
" Nation shall not lift up sword against nation
neither shall they learn war any more." In-
fluenced by these principles, we cannot con- whose
sistently join with such as form combinations canmltjoin
of a hostile nature against any ; much less in ^^ i^ostiie
^ . . measures.
opposition to those placed in sovereign or sub-
ordinate authority; nor can we unite with or
encourage such as revile and asperse them; for
it is written, " Thou shalt not speak evil of the
ruler of thy people." Acts xxiii. 5.
CONDUCT AND CONVERSATION.
"Whatever exercises we may meet with on Faithful-
account of a faithful testimony to the Truth in commen^i
all godliness of conversation ; and to the end ^^•
that we may not faint in our minds, let us con-
26 CONDUCT AND CONVERSATION.
sider the Captain of our salvation, who endured
the contradiction of sinners, bearing his cross
and despising the shame, and is now set down
on the right hand of God, where he continually
maketh intercession for us — that following him,
and under his banner fighting the good fight
of faith, we may finally obtain the crown of
righteousness which fadeth not away.
Scandal- Adviscd, that such be dealt with who are
ous prac- givcu to lying, swearing, cursing ; men and
tices con- i x* n i i • .
demned or womcu uulawtuliy or unsecmly keepmg com-
testified panv witli cach other, or any other scandalous
against. . *' .
practice ; and where any are guilty of gross or
notorious crimes, or such other disorderly or
indecent practices as shall occasion public scan-
dal, — after being dealt with by the overseers
or other concerned Friends, if they are brought
to a sense thereof, such offenders ought with-
out improper delay to remove the scandal, and
clear, as much as in them lies, our holy profes-
sion therefrom, by acknowledging the offence,
and condemning the same in writing under
their hand, to the satisfaction of the monthly
meeting whereto they belong. And where any
such offender refuseth so to acknowledge and
condemn the fault, the said monthly meeting
ought speedily to testify against him or her, and
Biasphe- If any in membership with us shall blas-
daim ear- phcmc, or spcak profanely of Almighty God,
lycare. Christ Jcsus, or the Holy Spirit, he or she
CONDUCT AND CONVERSATION. 27
ought early to be tenderly treated with foi
their instruction, and the convincement of their
understanding, that they may experience re-
pentance and forgiveness; but should any, not- persisting
withstanding this brotherly labour, persist in o^Sying
their error, or deny the divinity of our Lord the divin-
and Saviour Jesus Christ, the immediate reve- christ,
lation of the Holy Spirit, or the authenticity ^^^^^;^°/
of the Scriptures ; as it is manifest they are not ment.
one in faith with us, the monthly meeting
where the party belongs, having extended due
care for the help and benefit of the individual
without effect, ought to declare the same, and
issue their testimony accordingly.
It is the earnest concern of this Meeting, strict jus-
that in all our dealings and transactions among our deal-
men, strict justice may be observed; and that JJJIervei^
no motives of pecuniary interest may induce
any of our members to impose on each other,
or on their neighbours: and it is desired that
monthly meetings may be careful to extend
suitable admonition against a spirit of covetous-
ness, and against every appearance of deviation
from strict justice in any of our members.
Frequent waiting in stillness on the Lord for Waiting in
the renewal of strength, keeps the mind at recom-^
home in its proper place and duty, and out of tended,
all unprofitable association and converse, whe-
ther amongst those of our own, or other pro-
fessions. Much hurt may accrue to the reli-
28 CONVINCED PERSONS.
Unneces- gious mind by long and frequent conversation
versation" ^^ temporal matters, especially by interesting
on tempo- oursclvcs unncccssarilv in them ; for there is a
ral mat- . '^ , , . , . ^
ters dis- Icavcn in that propensity, which being suffered
courage . ^^ prevail, indisposes and benumbs the soul,
and prevents its frequent ascendings in living
aspirations towards the Fountain of eternal
It is concluded that the following order be
observed respecting persons who apply for ad-
mittance into membership, and request to come
Admission Under the care of Friends. That they apply
bersi^!°^' ^^ tbe overseers or elders, who, when they are
easy so to do, are to lay it before the prepara-
tive meeting; and, after that meeting is fully
satisfied, by paying a solid visit or otherwise,
they are to lay the case before the monthly
meeting; which meeting shall appoint some
suitable Friends to inquire into the person's
life and conversation, and also to take a solid
opportunity of conference with the party, in
order the better to understand whether his or
her motives for such request be sincere, and on
the ground of true convincement ; and make
report of their sense of the person's suitableness
CONVINCED PERSONS. 29
to become a member: on which, when the
meeting is satisfied, a minute should be made,
signifying the acceptance of such into member-
ship, and appointing a Friend or two to acquaint
the person thereof, requesting his or her attend-
ance at the next monthly meeting.
But in all such cases. Friends are exhorted Caution
to attend carefully to the advice of the apostle, haste.
*' Lay hands suddenly on no man." The neg-
lect of such caution having often been inju-
rious both to the individuals and to the Society
— to them, by settling them in a false rest; and
to the Society, by adding to its numbers, with-
out increasing its joy.
Wherefore, we desire, that on every applica-
tion of persons to be received into membership
with us, monthly meetings may be deep and
weighty in their deliberations and result; and, without
when united in believing that the applicants 3ou or
are clearly convinced of our religious principles, ^^^o^-
and in a good degree subject to the Divine wit-
ness in their own hearts, manifested by a cir-
cumspect life and conduct, said meetings are
at liberty to receive such into membership,
without respect to nation or colour. And such Disowned
as may have been disowned, and incline to be- received
come members, may be received on their own Q8^8^^^^
request as other applicants.
DAYS AND TIMES.
Some reasons for not observing fasts and feast
days and times, and other human injunctions
and institutions relative to the woi'shi/p of God.
Ever since we were a people, we have had a
testimony against formal worship; being con-
vinced by the precepts of our Lord Jesus Christ,
the testimonies of his apostles, and our own
experience, that the worship and prayers which
God accepts, are such only as are produced by
the influence and assistance of his Holy Spirit;
we cannot therefore consistently unite with any
in the observation of public fasts, feasts, and
what they term holy days; or such injunctions
and forms as are devised in man's will for Di-
vine worship. The dispensation to which out-
ward observations were peculiar, having long
since given place to the spiritual dispensation
of the gospel, we believe the fast we are now
called to is not the bowing of the head like a
bulrush for a day, but an universal and con-
tinual fasting and refraining from every thing
which has a tendency to defile the soul, and
unfit it for becoming the temple of the Holy
Ghost; according to the injunctions of Christ
to his primitive disciples, " If any man will
come after me, let him take up his daily cross
DAYS AND TIMES. 31
and follow me. Watch ye therefore and pray
always, that ye may be accounted worthy to
escape all these things that shall come to pass,
and to stand before the Son of Man." That
the primitive believers saw an end to these
shadows of good things, by coming to Him in
whom all figures and shadows end, is evident
by the words of the apostle Paul : " For Christ,"
said he, " is the end of the law for righteous-
ness to every one that belie veth." Rom. x. 4.
" But now hath he obtained a more excellent
ministry, by how much also he is the mediator
of a better covenant, which was established
upon better promises." Heb. viii. 6. " Let no
man therefore judge you in meat or drink, or
in respect of an holy day, or of the new moon,
or of the sabbath days, which are a shadow of
things to come, but the body is of Christ." Col.
ii. 16, 17. And the same apostle thus expos-
tulated with some who it appears had fallen
from the true faith in these respects : "But now
after that ye have known God, how turn ye
again to the beggarly elements, whereunto ye
desire again to be in bondage? Ye observe
days and months, and times, and years: I am
afraid of you lest I have bestowed upon you
labour in vain." Gal. iv. 9, 10, 11.
DEFAMATIOJST AND DETEACTIOK
strictvigi- Friends are everywhere exhorted to main-
against taiu a strict watch over themselves and each
the spirit other, Bo^ainst the subtle and mischievous spirit
of detrac- . . .
tion re- of tale-bcaring and detraction — the manifest
commen - ^^^^jgj-j^^y ^f which is to lay waste the unity of
the body, by sowing the seeds of disesteem,
strife, and discord among brethren and neigh-
bours ; as w^ell as to unfit those who either pro-
pagate or listen to evil reports, for being of that
service to the persons reflected upon, which
they might be if the order prescribed by our
blessed Lord to his church, was strictly ob-
Gospei served, viz : " If thy brother shall trespass
°^^®^' a2;ainst thee, s:o and tell him his fault between
thee and him alone: if he shall hear thee, thou
hast gained thy brother. But if he will not
hear thee, then take with thee one or tw^o more,
that, in the mouth of two or three witnesses,
every word may be established. And if he
shall neglect to hear them, tell it unto the
church; but if he neglect to hear the church,
let him be unto thee as an heathen man and a
Detractors It is therefore advised, that in whomsoever
fi^ed^ ^^ ^" this weakness appears, it may be immediately
against if checked; and, if any one gives way to it, to
^ DISCIPLINE. 33
the obvious iniury of another's reputation the labor
. is ineflfec-
or interest, let him or her be faithfully ad- tuai.
monished; and, if they persist, and cannot be
prevailed with to give due satisfaction, the
preparative or monthly meeting should be
informed of it, and deal further with them;
when, if this produce not the desired effect,
they should be testified against.
And if any member w^ho offends in this Hearsay
respect, shelters him or herself under a pre- ^^^^^ ®^^'
tence that they say no more than they have
heard from others, but will not discover who
they are, — such reporters or tale-bearers should
in like manner be dealt with, and testified
' against as being themselves the authors.
DISCIPLINE AND MEETINGS FOE
The institution of our meetings for disci-
pline having on experience been found very
beneficial, it is earnestly recommended they
may be maintained in that authority wherein
they w^ere established. Where any have been
negligent in attending them, or opposed to
their usefulness, carnality and spiritual death
have been the consequence.
Coimec- The connection arid subordination of our
Bubordi- meetings for discipline are thus: Preparative
meetkigs. ni^^tings are accountable to the monthly;
monthly, to the Quarterly; and the Quarterly,
to the Yearly Meeting. So that if the Yearly
Meeting be at any time dissatisfied with the
proceedings of any inferior meeting; or a
Quarterly meeting with the proceedings of
either of its monthly meetings; or a monthly
meeting with the proceedings of either of its
preparative meetings — such meeting or meet-
ings ought with readiness and meekness to
render an account thereof when required.
To make When it may be thought expedient to make
disci- or alter any rule of discipline, the subject shall
men^' and ^^^^^ claim the attention of a Monthly Meeting
women to of men or women Friends, and in case the
proposition should be united with in both
branches, it is to be forwarded to the Quarterly
Meeting, and when there united with in like
manner, be forwarded to the Yearly Meeting
of men and women Friends for consideration
and approval. (1861.)
Setting up It is agreed, that no Quarterly meeting be
down^^^^^ set up or laid down, without the consent of
meetings. ^^iQ Yearly Meeting; no monthly meeting
without the consent of the Quarterly meeting;
nor any preparative or other meeting for busi-
ness or worship, till application to the monthly
meeting is first made; and, when there ap-
proved, the consent of the Quarterly meeting
be also obtained. Also, that no meeting for
worship intended to consist of Friends belong-
ing to two or more monthly meetings shall be
set up, until the proposal be offered to and
approved by both those monthly meetings,
and the consent of their respective Quarterly
meeting or meetings be obtained. When the
meeting proposed, is opened, it should be at-
tended by a few solid Friends, deputed by each
of the said monthly meetings. And, if at any
time it is thought expedient that a preparative
meeting should be held at the same place, the
consent of the said monthly and Quarterly
meetings should be, in like manner, applied
for and obtained; and the said preparative
meeting should be annexed to either one or
the other of those monthly meetings, as may
be most likely to conduce to the benefit of the
individuals who compose it, and the advantage
It is directed, that a book be provided by Books to
every monthly and Quarterly meeting, and ^^ f^ Mr
fair minutes be kept therein, of all matters record of
which shall come before and be determined by
them. Monthly meetings, particularly, are
advised to attend to and finish all such busi-
ness with care and despatch, that it may, at
no time, suffer by improper delay. And if any Monthly
case under consideration proves too weighty or Quarterfy*'
difficult for them to determine, they should °i^e*i°ss
^ '^ _ fox* assist-
apply to their respective Quarterly meetings ance.
for assistance ; or, if the circumstances are
such as to require it, refer it thereto by
Copies of It is the sense of this Meeting, as a general
may\e rulc in all cases, that where any monthly or
granted to Quarterly meetino^ has occasion for, and re-
meetinsrs. ^ J o ^
quests copies of any of the papers, minutes, or
records of another monthly or Quarterly meet-
hig, the same may accordingly be granted.
And also Where any difference happens among
if Q^uarter- Friends, and the same be entered in any
^^' ^^^^\ monthly or Quarterly meeting; book, it is
moutlily '^ *^ . °, ^
meetings agreed, that if the parties, or either of them,
therXf^ think that copies of such entries may be useful
and necessary for them, and request the same,
such monthly and Quarterly meetings shall
have a discretional power to give or refuse
such copies, according to the circumstances
and motives attending.
Represen- It is agreed, that a suitable number of men
the^^uar^- and womcn be appointed in each monthly
tcrty and fleeting, to attend the service of the Quarterly
meetings, meeting, with such reports in writing, signed
by their clerks, as may be given them in
charge : also, that at least four of each sex be
appointed in each Quarterly meeting to attend
the Yearly Meeting.
And.it is earnestly advised and desired, that
all Friends who submit to these, or any other
services of Society, may be punctual in their reason for
attendance thereon ; or, if prevented by sick- advised,
ness or any other unavoidable occurrence, that
they be careful to send information thereof;
also, that those who are under appointments
to meetings, do not withdraw therefrom before
the conclusion, without obtaining the meet-
And when proposals of marriage are made,
if any near relations of the parties (who are
not in membership) are permitted to be pre-
sent, they should withdraw before the meeting
proceeds to any other business.
It is advised, that if a member under dealing Mode of
removes into the compass of another monthly ^ith tifose
meeting; or, if previous to or after such re- '"^ho reside
moval, the. conduct of him or her has been tance.
such as to require their being dealt with —
and their residence be at so great a distance as
to render it inconvenient for the monthly
meeting to which they belong, it should re-
quest that into which they are removed, to
treat with them according to our rules, and to
report the effect of its care ; when, if it is satis-
factory, the party should be recommended by
certificate; or if otherwise, and a testimony
of denial is issued, a copy thereof should be
sent to the monthly meeting within the limits
of which he or she resides, and that meeting
is to appoint two or more Friends to inform
them thereof, and of their right of appeal.
Minuted After a charge against a member for dis-
norto^it orderly conduct is entered on the minutes of a
in any monthlv mcetins^, he or she should not be per-
meeting ^ . 7 .
for disci- mitted to sit in any of our meetings for disci-
^^''^^' pline, till the case is issued, and the monthly
It is advised, that where any transgress the
Trans- rulcs of our discipline, they may, without
SSo-'^ partiality, be admonished and sought in the
nished. spirit of love and Divine charity; so that it
may be seen by all, that the restoring spirit
of meekness and Christian love abounds, before
church censure takes place; and that a gospel
spirit is the spring and motive to all our per-
formances, as well in discipline as in worship.
It is earnestly recommended, that in con-
ducting the affairs of the church, Friends en-
deavour to manage them in the peaceable
spirit and wisdom of Jesus, with decency, for-
bearance, and love to each other.
SuflFering It appearing by the minutes of the meeting
for sufferings, that on inspection of some of
the accounts of sufferings sent up by the Quar-
terly meetings, considerable difficulty has been
occasioned by those accounts not expressing,
with sufficient clearness, what the sufferings
mentioned w^ere for; it is now desired that the
monthly and Quarterly meetings may in future
leave out of their reports any instances which
do not appear to be clearly consistent with the
sense of this Yearly Meeting; and that they Sent up
continue to collect and send up their accounts audTe-^
of sufferings annually as heretofore directed; corded.
and that they be preserved and recorded agree-
ably to the practice of our ancient Friends;
reciting the sums demanded, — the kind and
amount of property taken, — by whom the dis-
traints were made, — and the authority under
which the officers acted.
As to the rights of children whose parents Rights of
have been married contrary to the rules of our defined!^
discipline, it is agreed, that where either of
those parents remain out of membership, their
children should not be esteemed members, till
application for their admission is made either
by themselves or by their parent, parents, or
guardians, on their behalf, and the monthly
meeting applied .to, on a solid consideration of
the case, is easy to admit them or any of them.
The rights of children born of parents who
have been married according to our rules, or
of such children whose parents have both
become members, and one of them afterwards
disowned, are not intended to be affected by
this rule, if a parent of either of those descrip-
tions retains a right of membership at the
time of the birth of any such child. (1815.)
If any member of our religious society shall Sorcery tc
apply to those called jugglers or fortune-tellers, agaSst.
or those who by colour of any art or skill
whatsoever, pretend to a knowledge of future
events, hidden transactions, or where things
lost or stolen may be found ; or if any of our
members shall use, or pretend to such art or
skill, it is advised that they be speedily dealt
with; and if they do not manifest a due sense of
their evil conduct, that they be testified against.
Clerks. A Committee should be annually appointed
in each of our Quarterly and monthly meet-
ings, for the nomination of clerks; which may
afford opportunity for their being seasonably
changed, and more of our qualified members
exercised in those services.
Service of As the usc and design of preparative meet-
tive^meet- ^^^o^ ^^ ^^ general to digest and prepare busi-
"»gs. ness, as occasion may require, which may be
proper to be laid before the lyionthly meeting,
Friends ought to be careful therein, not to
occasion unnecessary delays, or undertake to
decide on any business which claims attention
and care in monthly meetings. And when
cases are agreed to be carried forward, they
should be entered in writing, and some suitable
Friend or Friends named to produce them to
the monthly meetings ; and proper notes there-
of should be carefully preserved by clerks of
preparative meetings, as to said meetings may
appear useful and right. But no preparative
meeting shall take cognizance of proposals of
marriage, this being exclusively the business
of monthly meetings.
DONATIONS AND SUBSCEIPTIONS.
Executors and trustees concerned in wills
and settlements, are advised to a faithful and
punctual discharge of their respective trusts,
according to the intent of the donors and testa-
tors; and both they and the meetings con-
cerned in any charitable gifts, legacies or
bequests, to take special care that these be not
perverted or appropriated to any other uses
than such as the donors or testators have
directed and enjoined by legal settlement, will,
As the visiting of Friends in their families
in the openings of heavenly wisdom, is a ser-
vice which hath often been blessed to the
minds of the visitors and visited, this Meeting
hath from time to time recommended it to the
solid attention of Quarterly and monthly meet-
ings : and it is desired, that concerns of this
nature may be tenderly cherished, and those
42 GAMING AND DIVERSIONS.
who are rightly exercised therein, encouraged
to move forward in due season, and in humble
dependence on the Shepherd of Israel, who
not only puts his own forth, but goes before
and rewards all who are faithful to his appoint-
ments, with the enriching reward of sweet
comfort and solid peace.
GAMING AND DIVERSIONS.
As our time passeth swiftly away, and our
delight ought to be in the law of the Lord ; it
is advised that a watchful care be exercised
over our youth, to prevent their going to stage-
plays, horse-races, music, dancing, or any such
vain sports and pastimes ; and being concerned
in lotteries, wagering, or other species of gam-
ing. And if any of our members fall into
either of these practices, and cannot be pre-
vailed w4th, by private labour, to decline them,
the monthly meetings to which the offenders
belong, should be informed thereof; and, if they
be not reclaimed by further labour, proceed to
testify our disunity with them.
If any member is complained of for with-
holding a just debt, he or she should be ten- withhoid-
derly urged to payment ; and if this is unavail- deircausa
ing, be dealt with as in other cases of dis- pf deal-
orderly conduct. And if any of our members
appear unable to satisfy their creditors, they
should be advised to call them together with- insolvents
out loss of time; and submit the state of their ^dytce ot^
affairs to their inspection : when, if the ere- creditors.
ditors apprehend a surrender of the debtor's
effects to assignees for the benefit of the whole
to be necessary, let him or her be earnestly en-
treated to consent ; and, if they refuse so to do,
the monthly meeting should be informed
thereof; when, if the party still persists in Refusing
refusing, he or she should be disowned with- dWn-^
out too long delay. ment.
But if Friends in such difficult circumstances Compas
manifest an honest intention, and shall offer ^^^^^^^
their all to their creditors, let compassion and debtors.
aid be extended to them as brethren, and ob-
jects of Christian charity — having done what
they can, no more for the present is justly to
be expected from them. Yet it is the judg- Payment
ment of this meeting, that if persons so failing whenTf *
in their circumstances, should at any time ability.
afterwards be favoured with full ability to pay
off their deficiencies^ justice will require it of
them, notwithstanding a composition with, and
legal discharge from their creditors may have
been obtained. This is however not meant to
furnish any with a pretext for advancing such
claims, while persons so deficient are honestly
labouring to retrieve their circumstances, nor
until it shall clearly appear to their respective
monthly meetings, or to a solid committee
thereof, that a sufiicient ability is arrived at;
when, if they are requested to comply, and per-
sist in refusing, the said meetings should pro-
ceed to disown them.
No undue And it is desired, that no debtors may shel-
taJe^^o be ^^^ thcmselvcs Under such of our rules, as are
taken of designed to ffuard us aorainst an unkind treat-
onr rules. o ^ i '
ment of each other, unjustly hoping to be
thereby put out of the reach of the civil au-
Suits at And it is the sense of this Meetino;, that if
any member thereof, disregarding the gospel
order prescribed by our discipline, shall arrest
or sue at law another member (not being un-
der such a necessity so to do, as may satisfy
the overseers or other solid and judicious
Friends of the meeting to which the latter be-
longs) he or she in so doing, doth depart from
the peaceable principle we make profession of;
and if, on being treated with by the monthly
meeting to which they belong, they cannot be
prevailed with to withdraw the suit and pay
the costs thereof, they should be disowned.
The Society of Friends have ever regarded
the marriage contract as one of a religious na-
ture. It is therefore earnestly and affection-
ately advised, that our members, previously to
making any procedure in this important con-
cern, do seriously and humbly wait upon the Divine
T T n ^ ' 1 1 T I • 11 counsel to
Lord tor his counsel and direction ; and when be waited
favoured with satisfactory clearness therein, ^^ren^^
they should acquaint their parents or guar- informed.
dians with their intentions. Thus, preservation
from the dangerous bias of forward and uncer-
tain affections, would be experienced, to the
real benefit of the parties, and the comfort of
The principles on which the good order in
our religious Society, in relation to the accom-
plishment of marriage, is founded, are,
Firstly. For the preservation of harmony. Consent of
peace, and unity in families : and, to guard P^^®^*^*
against hasty and improper connections, the
consent of parents should be early obtained
by the parties.
Secondly. That Friends may proceed cora-
mendably in this important connection, the
proposal of marriage should be laid before the
monthly meeting, in order that Friends may
extend a watchful care over their members,
and see that they are clear of other similar
Thirdly. To discountenance mixed mar-
riages; or the marriages of our members with
those of other principles and professions of
religion: because unhappiness is often the
result of such connections, and difficulties and
embarrassments are liable to ensue in the
education of children.
Hireling Fouvthlv. To maintain our testimony asrainst
mmistry. . . , . . . .
an hireling ministry, by avoiding the assist-
ance of a priest or hireling minister, in accom-
plishing this solemn engagement.
For the purpose of maintaining these princi-
ples and testimonies, it is agreed that the
following order be observed in the accomplish-
ment of marriages.
Proposals. The parties making proposals of marriage
are to communicate their intentions to the
men's and women's monthly meeting in writ-
ing, signed by them both, in the following
" To the Monthly Meeting of Form.
With Divine permission and Friends' approba-
tion, we intend marriage with each other."
Whereupon, if they belong to the same Committee
meeting, a committee of men and women ^ ^^"i^^^y-
Friends should be appointed to make inquiry
respecting the clearness of the parties from
other similar engagements. If they have
parents or guardians, their consent should be consent of
expressed in the meeting, or produced in w^it- p^^'®"*^-
ing, when it is practicable, or may reasonably
be obtained. Should the woman be a widow Rights of
having children, the committee are to see that Jhiid^en
the rio-hts of the children are leo;ally secured, i^g^iiy se-
^ , , . cured.
At the next meeting, if the committee report
that inquiry has been made, and no obstruc-
tion to the further proceeding appears, the
monthly meeting may leave the parties at
liberty to accomplish their marriage, accord-
ing to our order, at a public meeting, or at
such other time and place as it may approve; Time and
except on the first day of the week ; and ^ ^^^'
appoint two Friends of each sex to have the Overseers
care and oversight thereof. If any member is
about to marry without the limits of the
monthly meeting of which he or she is a mem-
ber, care should be taken to procure a certifi- Certificate
cate from the meeting they belong to, of their ness.
right of membership, and clearness from any
other person with respect to marriage; and
produce the same to the monthly meeting in
which the proposal of marriage is made.
Advised to It is affectionately advised, that marriages be
Sonr&c. accomplished decently, gravely, and weightily ;
and that the parties themselves, their parents,
and others concerned, do take care that mode-
ration be observed, and no reproach arise, or
occasion of offence be given; but that all
behave with such sobriety as becomes a people
fearing God. If any thing to the contrary be
observed, the overseers or other concerned
Friends present, ought in brotherly love to
admonish to a better behaviour. And the said
Overseers ovcrsccrs are to make report to the next
to report. j^Q^^jjy meeting, whether this advice concern-
ing good order and moderation has been ob-
served, and take care that the marriage certifi-
cate be recorded.
Form of The form of w^hich certificate shall be as
Whereas, A. B. of , in the
county of , in ...... ., son of
C. B. of and H. his wife; and
D. E. daughter of F. E. of and
M. his wife, having declared their intentions
of marriage with each other, before a monthly
meeting of the religious Society of Friends,
held at , according to the good
order used among them [_wliere the parties are
under the care of parents or guardians, add'\
and having consent of parents or guardians
concerned [_as the case is"] their said proposal of
marriage was allowed of by the said meeting.
Now these are to certify whom it may concern,
that for the full accomplishment of their said
intentions, this day of the
month, in the year of our Lord ,
they, the said A. B. and D. E. appeared in a
public meeting* of the said Society, held at
aforesaid; and the said A. B.
taking the said D. E. by the hand, did, on this
solemn occasion, openly declare, that he took
her, the said D. E. to be his wife, promising,
with Divine assistance, to be unto her a loving
and faithful husband, until death should sepa-
rate them; and then, in the same assembly,
the said D. E. did in like manner declare, that
she took him, the said A. B. to be her husband,
promising, with Divine assistance, to be unto
him a loving and faithful wife, until death
should separate them. And moreover, they,
the said A. B. and D. E. (she according to the
custom of marriage, assuming the name of her
husband) did, as a further confirmation thereof,
then and there to these presents set their
* When the marriage is accomplished at a private house, instead
of the words, "in a public meeting of the said Society, held at
aforesaid," say, "at the house of .... in the
And we whose names are also hereunto sub-
scribed, being present at the solemnization
of the said marriage and subscription, have,
as witnesses thereto, set our hands, the day
and year above written.
Advised, that no misdemeanor be treasured
up against a person until the time of present-
ing proposals of marriage, and then started,
though perhaps long before done, and known
to those who object to it at that time : which
is a wrong thing, and should be checked and
discouraged in all meetings.
No monthly meeting ought to permit any
marriage to be proposed in said meeting, sooner
than one year after the death of husband or
That marriages of persons nearly related
by consanguinity, may as much as in us lies
be prevented, this Meeting concludes, that no
marriage between any so near akin as first
cousins shall be permitted amongst us. The
term "first cousins" fully applies to every de-
scription of grandchildren descended from one
Improper It is adviscd that Friends exercise a reli-
tions. gious care in watching over their children, and
endeavour to guard them against improper or
unequal connections in marriage; that they be
not anxious to obtain for them large portions
and settlements; but that they be joined with
persons of religious inclinations, suitable dis-
positions, and diligence in their business:
which are necessary to a comfortable life in a
In order, as much as may be, to prevent Mixed
mixed marriages, or the accomplishment of ^^^^^^
marriages out of our comely order, parents
and Friends are tenderly advised to an increas-
ing care of the youth; early to admonish and
instruct them in the principles of Truth, by
upright example as well as precept; and en-
deavour to impress their minds with the duty
of religiously observing them; as much as
possible restraining them from such company
as is likely to entangle their aJGfections in an
Let those of our members be admonished Admoni-
who keep company with persons not of our
Society, in order for marriage; or who are
present themselves, or consent to their chil-
dren being present at marriages of those not
in membership, which are accomplished by the
assistance of a priest or hireling minister.
And when any of our members do join in Mixed
marriage with those of other principles and "^^^"^^ea
and by a professions of religion; or accomplish their
^^^^^ ' marriage by the assistance of a priest; or are
Attending present at the marriage of a member accom-
plished by the official interference of a priest
or hireling minister, they should be treated
with in order to convince them of the impro-
priety of their proceeding; and if not brought
Cause of to a scnsc of their deviation, so as to make
ment. Satisfaction to the meeting, let them be testified
Without If any member of our Society accomplish
bation^o7' J^is or her marriage without the approbation
i^^iTet-^' ^^ ^^^ monthly meeting, and it should appear
ing. by the report of a committee appointed to visit
No im- him or her, that no immoral conduct, nor breach
duct, &c. of our testimonies has taken place in the ac-
complishment of said marriage, and that the
party is desirous of retaining a right of mem-
bership, monthly meetings may be at liberty
to retain such member, without requiring a
Both written acknowledgment. But when both par-
members, ties are amenable to our discipline, and not
giving a satisfactory acknowledgment in writ-
ing, they are to be testified against as for
other breaches of the discipline. (1846.)
First It is not intended to leave monthly meet-
cousms. -j^gg ^^ liberty to continue those in membership
who marry their first cousins, without a satis-
factory acknowledgment in writing. (1846.)
f. . As there are many persons not in membership with us, who
not in are not of other principles or professions of religion, but who
member- manifest an interest in the maintenance of our testimonies, it is
concluded that, when any such person is about to proceed in Mar-
riage with a member, he or she shall be at liberty to make appli-
cation to the men and women Overseers of the Monthly Meeting
to which the member belongs ; when, if the Overseers are satis-
fied, the proposals of marriage may be laid before the iNlonthly
Meeting in the usual form; and the Meeting shall make inquiry,
and have the same care and oversight of the marriage, and pro-
coed in the manner prescribed by Discipline where both are mem-
bers of the same Monthly Meeting. But these proceedings shall
not give a right of membership to such persons or to their off-
spring — 1866,
It is recommended to Quarterly and monthly Titles to be
meetings to make timely and careful insjDec- "^^p®*^'®^-
.tion into the situation of the titles of meeting
houses, burial grounds, and other estates which
have been vested in trustees, and by them held
for the use and benefit of the Society at large,
or of any of those meetings; so that if it
should appear needful by the death of any Tmsts re-
such trustees or otherwise, due and seasonable ^^^® *
care may be taken to appoint some others to
the trust; that future difficulties and the risk
of being deprived of such estates may be
avoided. And it is further recommended, that
Quarterly and monthly meetings respectively
as the case may require, keep exact records
of all such trusts and conveyances ; and also Care of
that a clear and regular account be kept by minuses
each respective meeting, of the place where, ^^*^
and the persons with whom the papers, minutes
and records belonging to our religious society
are from time to time deposited; wherein due
care should be taken to lodge them with suit-
EEPEESENTATIVE COMMITTEE OR
MEETING FOR SUFFERINGS.
Four from In Order that this Yearly Meeting may be
teriymeet- properly represented in the intervals thereof,
^^' it is directed that each Quarterly meeting pro-
duce, in their reports to the Yearly Meeting
annually, the names of four suitable Friends,
to constitute together a Representative Com-
mittee, or Meeting for Sufferings, to be held
and regulated according to the following rules :
Minutes. Fii'st. The Said Committee shall keep fair
minutes of all its proceedings, and annually
lay them before the Yearly Meeting.
Second. No less number than twelve of the
members attending, shall
constitute a meeting
capable of transacting any business.
Tldrd. On all occasions of uncommon im-
portance, previous notice thereof shall be given,
or sent, to all the members, if practicable.
May sit on
its own ad-
FoitrtJi. The said Committee may sit on its
own adjournments, and order these, as well as
the times of its stated meetings, according to
the business before them!
REPRESENTATIVE COMMITTEE. 55
The services confided to this Committee,
are, in general :
First. To represent this Yearly Meeting Not to
during its recess, and to act on its behalf in ^uh faith
cases where the welfare of our relisrious society %<^isci-
o J plme.
may render it needful. But it is not to med-
dle with any matter of faith or discipline.
Second. To procure and distribute such Books,
books, or pamphlets, as may be a means of
spreading the knowledge of our religious prin-
ciples or testimonies; and to advise or assist Assist in
any of our members, on their own application, ^g, ^ "
who may incline to publish any such manu-
script or work, as may tend to promote the
cause of Truth, or be beneficial to society.
Third. To render advice and assistance to Advise
meetings, at their request, on subjects relating ^s^^to^"^
to property, titles to lands, the renewal of *'^^^*^' ^®-
trusts, and the application of public gifts and
Fourth. To receive from the several Quarterly Sufferings,
meetings their annual accounts of sufferings,
and also such memorials concerning deceased
Friends, as those meetings may have concurred Memori-
with, that when examined and approved, they
may be laid before the Yearly Meeting; or
otherwise be returned to the respective Quar-
terly meetings for their revisal or correction.
56 REPRESENTATIVE COMMITTEE.
Assist Fifth. To extend such advice and assistance
members ■ ' ^• - ^ ^ •\ m • n ± l'
under suf- to any individuals under suiiering lor our testi-
feriBg. monies, as their cases may require; and, if
necessary, to apply to the government, or per-
sons in authority, on their behalf.
To corre- Sixtli. To Correspond with representative
^^^^^ ■ bodies of other Yearly Meetings, as occasions
may require, on concerns of general interest to
Concerned It is also agreed, that although none are
may be properly members of the Representative Com-
to auend^ mittcc, but such as are appointed by direction
of the Yearly Meeting as aforesaid, yet that
other Friends, at the discretion of said Com-
mittee, may be permitted to attend when they
feel a concern so to do.
Supply va- When any vacancy occurs in the Repre-
sentative Committee during the recess of the
Yearly Meeting, by death or otherwise, the
Quarterly meeting within whose limits such
vacancy happens, ought to take early care to
supply it by a new appointment. (1834.)
MEETINGS FOR WOESHIP.
Dear Friends, keep all your meetings in the
authority, wisdom, and power of Truth, and
unity of the blessed Spirit; and the God of
peace be with you. And it is advised, that Unbecom-
such as come late to meetings, or when there haviour
fall asleep, or are restless, or do not stay in the ^ ^^^^
A ' ' •' uigs re-
meeting, but go forth unnecessarily, or other- quires ad-
T .1 T T . 11 monition.
Wise demean themselves unbecommg our holy
profession on those solemn occasions, be ten-
derly and seasonably admonished.
We exhort all to a Christian exercise and Zeai in
zeal in the performance of worship to Almighty ance^o?di-
God; and as we are not capable in our own ^IV® ^^^'
' ^ ^ snip re-
strength to perform this great duty, we recom- commend-
mend to a diligent waiting in true silence and
retirement of mind, for the renewed sense of
the inward power and virtue of his Spirit,
whereby we shall be qualified to worship him
in an acceptable manner. Let our faithfulness
and sincerity herein appear, by the humility,
meekness and circumspection of our lives and
conversation, adorning the doctrines and prin-
ciples of Truth, as they were declared by Christ
and his apostles : those who have been pre-
served in faithfulness therein, having to testify
from that experience which cannot deceive,
58 MEETINGS FOR WORSHIP.
that it hath been very profitable ; and there-
fore cannot be easy without encouraging and
putting forward their children, apprentices and
servants to this religious duty, as well as other
behaviour suitable thereunto. And if this use-
ful practice was more generally attended .to, it
would do more for us and them than any out-
ward acquisition of wealth ; and without doubt,
some of those who have been placed under our
direction, may with thankfulness have to view
our pious care in taking them from worldly
business to seek a city eternal in the heavens.
This Meeting recommends, that Friends who
are exercised in the discipline would early ex-
tend their brotherly love and care, in visiting
such amongst us who neglect their duty in at-
wiifui tending our meetings for public worship. And
meetings as a wilful ucglcct of this important duty is a
cause of manifest evidence of ino-ratitude to the Divine
disown- _ o
ment. Being, contrary to the example and practice
of the primitive believers in Christ, and our
religious testimony; it is the sense of this
Meeting, that as such who are thus insensible
of their religious duty, disunite themselves
from Christian fellowship with Friends, monthly
meetings, after having fully discharged their
duty towards them, and finding their en-
deavours to reclaim them ineffectual, should
testify our disunion with them.
Diowsi- As the minds of many are turned towards
Friends, and the appearance of a drowsy spirit ness in
in our religious meetings, is offensive, and may tensive,
be a cause of stumbling to sober inquirers, it is
earnestly desired that this weakness may not
exist among us. And as indulgence therein Caution
must necessarily have a disqualifying effect, it empwing
is the sense and iudo;ment of this Meeting, that suchinthe
Quarterly, monthly, and other meetings should discipline.
be cautious of employing such members in the
weighty services of the discipline.
If any monthly meeting should, under solid
consideration, believe it necessary to prepare a
memorial concerning any deceased Friend w^ho
had been a member thereof, it is to go to the
respective Quarterly meeting; where, being
duly weighed and agreed to, it is then to be
forwarded to the meeting for sufferings, for in-
spection and approbation, previous to its being
laid before this Meeting.
MINISTERS AND ELDEES, AND MEET-
INGS OF MINISTERS AND ELDERS.
Care in It IS our eamest desire, that both ministers
tenderness ^nd elders may be as nursing fathers and mo-
to those tJiei's ^o those that are youno; in the ministry,
young in j o j 7
the minis- and with all care and diligence advise and ad-
^^' monish them ; and if they see occasion, reprove
them in a tender and Christian spirit, according
to the rules of our discipline and counsel of
Friends in that respect; also exhort them fre-
quently to read the holy scriptures, and ear-
nestly seek the mind of the Spirit of truth, to
o^^en the mysteries thereof; that, abiding in a
simple and patient submission to the will of
God, and keeping down to the openings of Di-
vine love and life in themselves, they may
witness a gradual growth in their gifts, and be
preserved from extending their declarations
further than they find the life and power of
Truth to bear them up.
Ministers And our advicc to all our ministers is, that
Till^Tr '■^" they be frequent in reading the scriptures of
drawing ^]^g qJj ^nd ncw tcstamcnts : and if any in the
unsound r» i • • • in* i i
ii:ferences coursc of their ministry shall misapply, or draw
Icrip-^ ^ unsound inferences or wrong conclusions from
tmes, or ^^ tcxt, or sliall misbehavc themselves in
for misbe- pi • 1 i i
havioui-,to poiiit of couduct or coiivcrsation, let tliem be
MINISTERS AND ELDERS. 61
admonished in love and tenderness by the be admo-
elders or overseers where they live, and if they ^^ ®
prove refractory and refuse to acknowledge
their faults, let them be further dealt with, in
the wisdom of Truth, as the case may require.
As the occasion of our religious meetings is Order in
solemn, a care should ever be maintained to '^ '
guard against any thing that would tend to
disorder or confusion therein. When any think
they have aught against what is publicly de-
livered, they should speak to the party pri-
vately and orderly; and, if any shall oppose a Public op-
ministering Friend in his or her preaching or ministS-s^
exhortation, or keep on the hat, or show any ^^ ^^^^y
^ ^ -•■ ' ^*' requires
remarkable dislike to such when engaged in speedy ad-
prayer, let them be speedily admonished in ^^^^ ^^^'
such manner as may be requisite ; unless the
person against whom the uneasiness is ex-
pressed has been disowned by a monthly meet-
ing, or his or her public appearances disap-
proved by the elders.
This Meeting agrees, that each monthly Eiders to
meeting choose two or more Friends of each ^^ ^^®"*
sex to sit with the ministers, and they together
to compose a meeting to be denominated a pre-
parative meeting of ministers and elders ; taking
care that the Friends chosen for that service be
prudent, solid Friends, and that they do care-
fully discharge the trust confided to them.
62 MINISTERS AND ELDERS.
Mode of , When there is occasion for the appointment
ew^ers!*^^^ of One or more elders in any meeting, the pro-
posal of separating a committee to consider the
subject, should be first made in a monthly
meeting, and when there united with, a proper
number of Friends should be appointed. And
in this committee, the names of the persons
who may be thought suitable should be first
mentioned, and, when concurred with, reported
to the monthly meeting, without consulting the
person or persons, or otherwise divulging it.
If upon due consideration the nomination is
approved, a minute should be made, and a copy
thereof forwarded to the Quarterly meeting of
ministers and elders.
Elders The discipline never was intended to deprive
Amoved Hiouthly meetings of the liberty to remove
when they eldcrs from their station, at any time when
lose their . . . ^ "^ .
service, such meetings might believe they had lost their
service by unfaithfulness or otherwise. (1829.)
Committee It is rccommcndcd to our monthly meetings,
point^ed^^' that a committee be appointed at least once in
four years, and as much oftener as the occasion
may require, .to consider the propriety of
changing the elders, and of bringing forward
well qualified Friends to fill that station.
Commit- The Meeting united in the conclusion, that
tee ouce in • . . 1111 • ^ i ' n
fomyears. ^ Committee shall be appointed once in lour
MINISTERS AND ELDERS. 63
years, or oftener if required, to consider the
propriety of changing the elders, without en-
joining it on monthly meetings to make any
change, unless it is deemed necessary. It Names to
being distinctly understood, that whether any ly^i^et-
change is made or not, the committee shall ^s-
bring the names to the monthly meeting for
its judgment; and that the information of said
appointments be transmitted by minute to the Quarterly
Quarterly meeting of ministers and elders, as m^niste^rs
already required by the discipline. (1836.) and eiders
When any Friend has frequently appeared Manner in
in our religious meetings as a minister, and ^gJers^re
the preparative meeting of ministers and elders *o be
IT •• !• recom-
apprehends that it is seasonable the subject mended,
should claim the attention of the monthly
meeting for discipline, of which the person is a
member, they are at liberty to mention the
matter therein; and if the monthly meeting,
after deliberate consideration, should unite in
believing that a gift in the ministry has been
committed to him or her, a minute expressive
thereof should be forwarded to the Quarterly
meeting of ministers and elders, where, the
case being solidly weighed, and the sense of
the monthly meeting concurred with, informa-
tion thereof should be sent to the preparative
meeting of ministers and elders of w^hich the
party is to be a member. And until the ap-
probation of the Quarterly meeting of ministers
and elders is obtained, no such Friend is to be
64 MINISTERS AND ELDERS.
received as a minister, nor permitted to sit in
the meetings of ministers and elders, nor travel
Not to abroad as a minister. And no such approved
meScrs minister is to appoint any meeting out of the
out of the liniits of the Quarterly meetino; to which he
Quarterly . .^ />
meeting or shc bclongs, without a certificate from the
certifi- monthly meeting for discipline, or the con-
cates. currence thereof.
Elders ap- It is the judgment of this Meeting, that
ministers^.^ when any Friend appointed to the station of
an elder believes him or herself called to the
ministry, and shall have appeared frequently
in that capacity in our public religious meet-
ings, they should withdraw from the meetings
of ministers and elders.
Ministers Agreed, that when an approved minister
trtiavei believes it right to pay a religious visit beyond
are to ap- ^YiQ limits of the Quarterly meeting to which
minutes, he or shc bclougs, the concern be opened in
both the men's and women's monthly meet-
ings, for their consideration and judgment j
and if approved, the certificate or minute to
be signed by the clerks of the men's and
women's meetings. And when the prospect is
of such an extent as to require the approba-
tion of the Quarterly meeting, the like proceed-
Andre- iugs take placc therein. (1837.) And it is ad-
Inl^n^^"^ vised, that when the service is accomplished,
^biy- the said meetings be informed thereof, and the
certificate returned without unnecessary delay.
MINISTERS AND ELDERS. 65
Agreed, that when any Friend is religiously Religious
concerned to make a visit to the meetings of yond the"
Friends beyond the limits of this Yearly Meet- !i™^*^ ^^,
*' ^ , *^ the 1 early
ing, and has obtained a certificate for that Meeting.
purpose from the monthly meeting of which
he or she is a member, that the concern be
also laid before the respective Quarterly meet-
ing for its concurrence and endorsement, to be
signed by the clerks of the men's and women's
meetings. But if the concern be only to
attend one of the Yearly Meetings on this con-
tinent, and to take such meetings as may be
on the way thither, or on the return from
thence, or to visit the meetings within one or
two Quarterly meetings adjacent to the limits
of this Yearly Meeting, and which belong
either to the Yearly Meeting of New York or
Maryland, the concurrence of the monthly
meeting therewith, signified by their certificate
or minute, will be sufficient. (1812. 1837.)
If the concern is to make a religious visit Religious
beyond sea, the certificate should be signed by yond set.
the men's and women's monthly meetings
generally, and then go forward to superior
meetings for concurrence. (1837.)
It is recommended, that when the concern
of a Friend for the performance of a religious
visit to meetings within the limits of this
Yearly Meeting, is united with by the monthly
meeting of which he or she is a member, that
MINISTERS AND ELDERS.
the said monthly meeting do carefully ex-
amine, and see that the service may not be
impeded, or the individual improperly bur-
dened, for want of requisite means to defray
the expenses of such a journey. And where
the concern extends beyond the limits of this
Yearly Meeting, the like care should weightily
rest upon, and be attended to by the Quarterly
meeting to which the Friend belongs. (1809.)
When any Friend is drawn to make a reli-
gious visit beyond sea, and the concern is
united with in the respective meetings, accord-
ing to the mode prescribed by the discipline,
such committee as the Yearly Meeting may
appoint for the purpose, should take care for
the assistance of the individual when needful,
and to appropriate so much of the stock of the
Meeting, as they may judge proper, for pay-
ment of the expenses incurred in the perform-
ance of the service. (1809.)
prepara- The ministers and elders of each monthly
ing^of mi- meeting are to meet once in three months at
andeiders ®"^^ time and placc as the monthly meeting
may direct, in the capacity of a preparative
meeting of ministers and elders; when, after
a time of solid retirement, the queries ad-
dressed to such meetings are to be read and
considered, and distinct answers made to them
in writing; which, when signed by the clerk,
are to be conveyed to the ensuing Quarterly
MINISTERS AND ELDERS. 67
meeting of ministers and elders by two or
more Friends to be mentioned in the report as
representatives. But if, in the course of in-
quir}^ any deficiency has appeared, care should
be taken that it be remedied.
And in the said Quarterly meetings, tne Quarterly
queries are also to be read with the answers mSstSs'
which are brought from their preparative and eiders,
meetings, and the state of the members
weightily considered; that where occasion re-
quires it, advice and counsel may be season-
ably extended : and once a year those answers,
comprised in a written report and signed by
the clerk, are to be forwarded to the Yearly
Meeting of ministers and elders, by four or
more Friends appointed as representatives.
In this Meeting, the queries are also to be Yearly
read with the answers from the several Quar- S^mlnf*-
ters, and the state of this part of the Society *^^^ ^^^
, ^ . ^ ^ ^ elders.
being collected and considered, advices adapted
thereto may, if requisite, be issued to the sub-
ordinate meetings of the like kind. And such Certm-
ministers as propose to go in Truth's service serviced
beyond sea, after obtaining a certificate of the ^^y^^^
concurrence of the monthly meeting, endorsed
by the respective Quarter, are to spread their
concerns before the Yearly Meeting of minis-
ters and elders, and produce the said certifi-
cates; and if, upon solid consideration, the
same are united with, a certificate thereof
signed by the clerk, should be granted.
68 MINISTERS AND ELDERS.
Not to in- None of the said meetings of ministers and
with meet- G^^^^rs are in any wise to interfere with the
ings for business of any meeting for discipline ; nor is
the Yearly Meeting of ministers and elders to
suffer its adjournments to interfere with the
sittings of the Yearly Meeting for discipline.
Watch We tenderly recommend faithful Friends,
flock. and especially ministers and elders, to watch
over the flock of Christ in their respective
places and stations, always approving them-
selves by their pious examples in conversation
and conduct, to be such as faithfully and dili-
gently walk up to the testimony of the blessed
Truth, whereunto the Lord hath gathered us
in this his gospel day.
Treatment ^j^d if auv acknowledp;ed member of our
of those . p *^ . . Ill in
who lose meetmgs ot ministers and elders shall at any
time be thought, by negligence, unfaithfulness,
or otherwise, to have lost his or her service in
that station, so as to become the subject of un-
easiness and burdensome, (yet not so as to be
under the care of a meeting of discipline on
that account, or for misconduct,) it is advised,
that a timely and tender care be extended to
such person according to gospel order ; first by
the individuals concerned, and then by the
preparative meeting of ministers and elders to
which he or she may belong : should these
labours prove unavailing, report of the case
should be made by that meeting to the Quar-
MODERATION AND TEMPERANCE. 69
terly meeting of ministers and elders, and
there a few Friends be deputed to assist the
said preparative meeting in a further extension
of labour with the party : if this also prove
unavailing, and on report thereof to the said
Quarterly meeting, it appears that the said
preparative meeting has fully discharged its
duty to the individual, the case should then
be transmitted to the monthly meeting for dis-
cipline of which the party is a member, and
left under its care; and he or she ought from
that time to refrain from attending any such
select meetings until they shall be again re-
commended or appointed as at first.
MODERATION AND TEMPEEANCE.
Advised, that none accustom themselves to idkcom-
vain and idle company, sipping and tippling of ^^^.^ng
drams and strong drink ; for though such who ^^'"^^^ ^^•
use that evil practice may not suddenly be-
come drunken to the greatest degree, yet they
often thereby become like ground fitted for the
seeds of the greatest transgressions ; and some
who have had the good example of virtuous
parents, have from small beginnings arrived
to a shameful excess, to their ruin, the great
70 MODERATION AND TEMPERANCE.
Strong injury of their wives and families, and the scan-
awen- ^^^ ^^ ^^^ religious profession they have made.
It having been observed that a pernicions
custom has prevailed upon people, of giving
rum and other strong liquors to excite some to
bid at vendues to advance the price, which,
besides the injustice of the artifice, is scandal-
ous, and leads to intemperance and disorder ;
it is therefore the unanimous sense of this
Meeting to caution Friends against the same.
And if any under our profession do fall into
this evil practice, by giving or taking strong
liquors at vendues, or countenance or promote
any noisy gatherings, they should be speedily
dealt with as disorderly persons, and if they
cannot be brought to a sense of their error,
Importing Many just and pertinent remarks being
?ng spi?" made in this Meeting, clearly setting forth the
tuous u- corrupting, debasing, and ruinous effects, con-
sequent on the importation and retailing large
quantities of distilled spirits, whereby the in-
temperate use of them is greatly aided and en-
couraged, to the impoverishment of many, dis-
tempering the constitutions and understandings
of many more, and increasing vice and disso-
luteness in the land, wherewith many reli-
giously attentive minds have been long painfully
burdened ; it is the united sense of the Meet-
ing, that well-concerned Friends in all quar-
MODERATION" AND TEMPERANCE. 7i
ters, be earnestly excited to suffer the affecting
importance of this mighty evil, religiously to
impress their minds, and animate them with a
lively concern to excite honest endeavours,
both by example and loving entreaty, to cau-
tion and dissuade all our members from being
concerned in the importation or retailing dis-
tilled spirits, or giving countenance thereto.
It is affectionately recommended, that Friends Modera-
be careful to use moderation on account of marriages,
marriages, births and burials, and on all other ^°'
occasions; a departure from which being a
cause of stumbling to many, and a great ob-
struction to a more full reformation, as well as
attended with other evil consequences, tending
to obscure that light which we have to hold up
to others, and should have more abundantly,
if we were faithful ; lessening that savour which
we ought ever carefully to preserve, agreeably
to the monition of the holy apostle, " Let your
moderation be known unto all men, the Lord
is at hand." Phil. iv. 5. And as the all-seeing
eye beholds our thoughts, and views us in all our
ways and actions, what manner of men ought
we to be in all godliness of life, and sobriety
of deportment !
And if any should distil spirits, or sell such Distilling
liquors, monthly meetings should deal witb^gpiiitl ^
them as with other offenders, and if they can-
not be prevailed with to desist from such a
72 MODERATION AND TEMPERANCE.
Monthly practice, be at liberty to declare their disunity
rS with them. (1832.)
Monthly meetings ought to take an early
opportunity, tenderly to treat with such of our
members as are concerned, either in the impor-
tation, distillation or sale of spirituous liquors.
x\nd if, after faithful, patient labour to convince
them of the awful, demoralizing effects of their
conduct, and its inconsistency with the testi-
mony of our religious society, they cannot be
prevailed upon to relinquish the business, the
said meetings be at liberty to put the discipline
in practice against them. (1832.)
Liquors as A tender, religious care ought to be ex-
a drink. ten(Je(j ^q such of our members as are in the
use of spirituous liquors as a drinh, or handing
it out in harvest, or at other times, in order to
dissuade them from the practice. (1832.)
Renting Fricnds are also tenderly advised, to abstain
property, ^^^^^ renting their property or furnishing any
materials whereby our testimony against spiri-
tuous liquors, as a drink, will be violated.
NEGROES OR SLAVES.
It iippears to have been the concern of this Testimony
Meeting, revived from time to time with in- slavery
creasing weight, to testify their entire disunity ^j^^^*^®
with the practice of enslaving mankind, (and trade,
particularly to guard all in membership with
us against being concerned in the purchase of
slaves from the coasts of Africa,) yet as we have
with sorrow to observe, that in some parts of
our country this shameful practice is still con
tinned and connived at, we think it proper to
revive the advices heretofore issued, and again
exhort our members to be no way accessory to
this enormous national evil, but to discourage
it by all the justifiable means in their power;
it being obvious, that wherever it prevails it
tends to corrupt the morals of the people, so as
not only to render them obnoxious to the dis-
pleasure of the Almighty, but deaf to his warn-
ings, and insensible and regardless of his im-
And we earnestly desire it may become the This op-
concern of our members generally, to use the ciaTs^^to be
influence they have with those who hold slaves i°,struct-
. , '^ ed, advis-
by inheritance or otherwise, that they may be ed ani as-
treated with moderation and kindness, and in- ^^^ ^ '
Btructed as objects of the common salvation in
74 NEGROES OR SLAVES.
the principles of the Christian religion ; as well
as in such branches of school-learning as may
fit them for freedom, and to become useful
members of civil society. Also that Friends in
their several neighbourhoods advise and assist
such of the black people as are at liberty, in
the education of their children, and common
Hiring Understanding that some in membership
with us, either through inadvertence or from
selfish motives, have hired slaves to assist them
in their business; we desire such to consider,
that in so doing they promote the unrighteous
traffic and oppose our testimony against it.
And it is our sense, that when slaves are thus
hired, and the price of their services is intended
for the benefit of those who claim the right of
ownership, and not designed or applied to pro-
mote the liberation of the slave or slaves, such
conduct is a violation of our testimony. And
where any among us cannot be persuaded to
relinquish the practice, monthly meetings be
at liberty, after patient labour has been found
unavailing, to testify their disunity with them.
Caution to Fricuds are also cautioned against acting as
and ad- exccutors or administrators to estates where
mimstra- g^aygg ^j^g bequeathed; and doing any thing
whereby their bondage may be prolonged.
We are united in judgment, that the state
NEGROES OR SLAVES. 75
of the black people who have been held as Kindness
slaves by any of us or our predecessors, calls ^^ ^^^^'
for a deep inquiry and close examination, how
far we are clear of withholding from them
what under such an exercise may be opened to
our view as their just right; and we earnestly
and affectionately entreat those in particular
who have released any of them, to attend to
the further openings of duty. Even if no such
obligations to this people existed among us, it
is worthy of our serious consideration, whether
any object of beneficence is more deserving of
our regard, than that of training up their
youth in such virtuous principles and habits,
as may render them useful and respectable
members of the community.
It is the sense and judgment of this Meet- importing,
ing, that if any of our members are concerned p^clSg.
in importing, selling, or purchasing; or shall ing,orgiv-
give away or transfer any negro or other slave, slaves.
with or without any other consideration than
to clear their estate of any future incumbrance,
or in such manner that their bondage is con-
tinued beyond the time limited by law or cus-
tom for white persons; and also those w^ho
accept of such gift or assignment ; — they ought
to be speedily treated with in the spirit of true
love and wisdom, and the iniquity of their
conduct laid before them. And if, after Chris-
tian labor, they cannot be brought to such a
sense of their injustice, as to do every thing
76 NEGROES OR SLAVES.
which the monthly meeting shall judge to be
reasonable and necessary, for the restoring
such slave to his or her natural and just right
to liberty, and condemn their deviation from
the law of righteousness and equity, to the
satisfaction of the said meeting, that such
member or members be testified against as
other transgressors are by the rules of our dis-
cipline for other immoral, unjust, or reproach-
It appearing that, notwithstanding the many
afflictive dispensations with which Divine wis-
dom has seen meet to visit this land, many of
its inhabitants are so deaf to the language of
the rod, as to continue in the nefarious traffic
for slaves to the coasts of Africa; and that the
importation of them is still connived at: this
The meet- Meeting, considering such a conduct as a bold
sufferings ^^^ impious defiance of the Ruler of nations,
todis- and pregnant with the most alarming conse-
coTirage x o o
the slave qucnccs to our country, earnestly recommends
^^^^' to the meeting for sufferings to embrace every
suitable opportunity for advancing our testi-
mony in this respect, and for calling the atten-
tion of the public mind to this awfully in-
Advised, that our Christian testimony be Testimony
faithfully maintained against the burden and onThe
imposition of oaths, according to the express ^^^'^^['g^
command of Christ and the injunction of the
apostle James, viz. "Ye have heard that it
hath been said by them of old time, Thou
shalt not forswear thyself, but shalt perform
unto the Lord thine oaths ; but I say unto you,
swear not at all : neither by heaven, for it is
God's throne; nor by the earth, for it is his
footstool; neither by Jerusalem, for it is the
city of the great king. Neither shalt thou
swear by thy head, because thou canst not
make one hair white or black : but let your
communication be, yea, yea; nay, nay; for
whatsoever is more than these cometh of evil."
Mat. V. 33 to 37.
"But above all things, my brethren, swear
not, neither by heaven, neither by the earth,
neither by any other oath; but let your yea,
be yea; and your nay, nay; lest ye fall into
condemnation." James v. 12.
From the year 1718 to 1771, divers minutes P^^ad! ^"^
of this Meeting appear, declaring that oaths ministra-
administered by clerks or others under the q^^I
lotice and connivance of Friends, either in
court or elsewhere, violate our ancient testi-
mony. And it is earnestly recommended to
Quarterly and monthly meetings, that where
any under our name are parties to the ad-
ministration of oaths, to be careful to proceed
in dealing with them; and if they will not
decline the practice and give suitable satisfac-
tion to the meeting they belong to, to testify
against them agreeably to the rules of our
As it is our duty to support our Christian
testimony against' oaths, faithful Friends are
desired to extend brotherly labor towards
those who deviate therefrom; and if such
labor proves unsuccessful, monthly meetings
should testify their disunity with them.
And Friends in all places are exhorted,
carefully to avoid electing or promoting their
brethren to such stations in civil government
as may subject them to the temptation of
violating this testimony : and where any mem-
bers show an inclination or desire of soliciting
or accepting of such offices, timely care should
be taken to caution them against it. And in
the execution of instruments of writing re-
Witnesses. quiring witnesses, it is recommended that
Friends endeavor to procure such persons
for this purpose, as will attest the same by
It is recommended, that in every monthly Appoinfc.
meeting a proper number of faithful and °^^^*'
judicious men and women belonging to each
of the particular or preparative meetings, be
appointed to the station of overseers within
the same : whose duty it is to exercise a Their
vigilant and tender care over their fellow- ^^^^'
members; that if any thing repugnant to the
harmony and good order of the Society appears
among them, it may be timely attended to and
not neglected. And to prevent the introduc-
tion of all unnecessary and premature com-
plaints to meetings of business, it is advised,
if any member shall have cause of complaint
against another, that it be mentioned to the
overseers; who are to see that the party com-
plained of has been treated with according to
gospel order, previously to the case being re-
ported to the preparative or monthly meeting.
And it is desired that in dealing with any, it
be done in the spirit of meekness and love. To be per-
patiently endeavoring to instruct and advise ^''chrfs-^
them; which, if ineffectual, the preparative tian spirit.
meeting should be informed thereof; that, if
needful, the case may be laid before the monthly
meeting, of which, notice should be given to
the party when it can be conveniently done.
Committee It is further recommended to our monthly
three^" meetings, that a committee be appointed at
years. least ouce in three years, or as much oftener
as the occasion may require, to consider the
propriety of changing the overseers, and bring-
ing forward in the improvement of their gifts,
other Friends on whom a concern for the w^el-
fare of the Society rests.
Serious And wG tenderly exhort all our members
t^n!^ ^' who may be rightly called into this or any
other service of the church, not hastily to
excuse themselves therefrom, but solidly to
ponder the weighty advice of the apostle,
^'Feed the flock of God, which is among you,
taking the oversight thereof, not by constraint,
but willingly; not for filthy lucre, but of a
ready mind; neither as lords over God's heri-
tage, but being ensamples to the flock: and
when the chief Shepherd shall appear, ye shall
receive a crowai of glory that fadeth not away."
PAEENTS AND CHILDREN.
In much love to the rising generation, we The rising
exhort them to avoid the many vanities and fxhorted
ensnarina; corruptions to which they are ex- *° ^^°\^
o ir ^ •/ ensnaring
posed. Bear in m.ind, dear youth, that 'Hhe corrup-
fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom;"
and that " a good understanding have all they
who do his commandments." Psalm cxi. 10.
Take the advice of godly parents, guardians
and friends; ever remembering that, next to
our Creator, children ought to obey their
parents, and that disobedience to them is a
breach of the moral law, and was always
offensive in the Divine sight. Submit to their
reasonable requirings with cheerfulness, though
these may sometimes thwart your own incli-
nations, and answer them not frowardly or
crossly. They watched over you and took
care of you, when you were utterly unable to
help or take care of yourselves. Why then
should any of you grieve or wound their still
anxious minds by a conduct which, because of
its tendency to obstruct your welfare and hap-
piness, you know they cannot approve ? Such
as running into vain and expensive fashions ;
associating with corrupt and libertine persons;
frequenting taverns and places of diversion;
wasting your precious time in idle discourse,
82 PARENTS AND CHILDREN.
and drawing the affections and inflaming the
passions one of another : all which we have
no doubt the divine Monitor in your own
breasts often pleads with you against, and
show^s to be destructive of your peace. We
beseech you, as fathers, to attend to this
heavenly Instructor, and dutifully yield to the
correspondent tender advice of your friends.
Shrink not from the cross of Christ in your
garb, language or manners; but through a
subjection of your wills to the Divine will in
these and all other respects, walk answerably
to the purity of our profession, and the sim-
plicity and spirituality of our worship. So
may you be instructive examples to serious
inquirers after Truth; and not of those who,
under a profession thereof, are preferring their
own crooked ways, and turning others aside
from the footsteps of its followers.
Obstinate It is advised, that where the pious exercise
^^^ ' of parental care and authority is disregarded,
and any of the youth in membership wdth us,
appear obstinately determined to run into and
copy after the vain and extravagant fashions
of the w^orld in their dress and address, ex-
posing themselves to the corrupting influence
of evil company and excesses, whereby design-
ing persons may entangle their affections, and
draw them into unsuitable and unhappy con-
nections in marriage or otherwise, — that such
be timely and tenderly treated with, and shown
PARENTS AND CHILDREN. 83
the dangerous tendency of their conduct: and Treated
if they cannot be prevailed with to desist
therefrom and amend their ways, thej^ ought
to be dealt with by their respective prepara-
tive or monthly meetings, as in other cases of
offence; and if, after due expostulation and
forbearance, they prove irreclaimable, they
may be testified against.
And if any parents in membership with us. Parents
willingly indulge their children or youth under chiidSnl
their care in such extravagance, liberties and ^^^^^^ses.
excesses, as are here pointed out, and persist
in vindicating their conduct, they ought in like
manner to be treated with and disowned.
Friends are advised to bring up their chil- Children
dren to habits of industry, placing them with
sober and exemplary members of the Society,
for instruction in such occupations as are con-
sistent with our religious principles and testi-
monies, that as far as in us lies they may be
preserved in a becoming conduct and demeanor.
And it is desired, that those whose circum- Children
stances may furnish with ability for instructing on^mode-^
in useful and suitable employments, the chil- rate terms,
dren of members who are in situations less
affluent, may receive them into their families
upon terms so moderate and equitable, as to
remove every plausible reason for placing them
with those not in membership with us.
Corrupt Advised, that all Friends both old and
and ^ young keep out of the world's corrupt lan-
to^br^^ guage, manners, vain and needless things and
avoided, fashions, in apparel, buildings, and furniture
of houses; some of which are immodest, inde-
cent, and unbecoming. And that they avoid
immoderation in the use of lawful things, which
though innocent in themselves may thereby
become hurtful; also such kinds of stuffs,
colors and dress, as are calculated more to
please a vain and wanton mind than for real
Caution to uscfulncss. And let tradesmen and others,
tradesmen j^gj^-jl^g^g gf q^j. rcligioUS Socicty, be ad-
others, monished that they be not accessory to these
evils ; for we ought to take up our daily cross,
minding the grace of God which brings salva-
tion, and teaches to deny all ungodliness and
worldly lusts, and to live soberly, righteously
and godly in this present world, that we may
adorn the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ in
all things; so may we feel his blessing, and
be instrumental in his hand for the good of
SimpUcity "We tcndcrly exhort all, seriously to con-
mended, sider the plainness and simplicity which the
gospel enjoins, and to manifest it in their
speech, apparel, furniture, salutations and con-
versations; into which our forefathers were
led by the Spirit of Christ, in conformity with
his precepts and example ; and for which they
patiently suffered long imprisonments and
great persecutions; being convinced that it
was their duty thus to bear a testimony
against the vain spirit of the world.
The spirit of Truth, which led our ancients Truth
to lay aside every thing unbecoming the follow- pltinness.
ers of Christ, still leads in the same path, all
who submit to its guidance ; we therefore
earnestly entreat all Friends to watch over
themselves in this respect. The example of
our blessed Saviour, his immediate followers,
and of virtuous and holy men in all ages,
ought to make a due impression on every
considerate mind ; . and especially on such
as have had the advantage of a guarded
We also tenderly advise, that Friends take Plainness
heed, especially those who should be exemplary ^ithouT
to others under their care, that they exercise ^^^P^^t of
' •^ persons.
plainness of speech without respect of persons,
in all their converse among men ; and not balk
their testimony by a cowardly compliance,
varying their language according to their com-
pany; — a practice of very ill example, render-
ing those who use it contemptible, and looked
upon as a kind of hypocrites, even by those
with whom they so comply. This seems to be
cautioned against by the apostle, when he
advises, 1 Tim., " That the deacons be grave,
not double tongued ;" plainly importing that it
is inconsistent with the gravity of the gospel.
Advice It is advised, that the cases of all our mem-
and assist- |^gj,g ^y|^Q ^^^ -j^ indisrent circumstances be duly
ance to be ^ ^ ^ ^ ./
afforded, inspected, that advice and relief may be season-
ably extended, and assistance afforded to them
in such business as they are capable of. And
in order to defray the expenses which their
support and the education of their children
will necessarily occasion, it is recommended to
each monthly meeting of men and women
Friends, to be open-hearted and liberal in sub-
Funds to scriptions for raising and continuing funds for
be raise . ^j^^g^ purposcs; — that the meetings of each
Treasurer scx should appoint a treasurer to receive the
appointe q.^^q^ ^nd a committcc of suitable Friends to
account have the particular care of the poor; whose
business it will be to visit, inspect into their
wants, and relieve them. And in the exercise
of this benevolent care, it is desired we may
always guard against exposing the names or
HIRELING MINISTRY. 87
situations of our fellow-members. And an Situations
appointment should be annually made of two feiw-
or more Friends for settling the treasurer's ^^'^^ers
'-> ^ not ex-
account^ and reporting its state to the meeting, posed.
PRIESTS' WAGES, OR HIRELING
Let us keep in remembrance, that it is Gospel
under the immediate teaching and influence ^^SJouT
of the holy Spirit that all acceptable worship ^^ward
•^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ irom man.
is performed, and all true gospel ministry sup-
plied; that this pure and powerful influence, in
vessels sanctified and prepared by the Divine
hand, is the essential qualification to that
work; and that, as the gift is Divine, the ser-
vice is freely and faithfully to be discharged,
without any view to reward from man.
And it is advised, that where any of our Support of
members are so regardless of this testimony as minSry^
to contribute to the support of an hireling testifiei
ministry, and vindicate such conduct, that
they be tenderly labored with to convince
them of their error; but if this prove ineflec-
tual, and they persist in their unfaithfulness,
the monthly meetings to which they belong
should proceed to declare our disunity with
them : such conduct being opposed to our
testimony for the free ministry of the gos-
pel, which is, " without money and without
Attending And it is further advised, that Friends be
others? ° carcful tlicmselves, and discourage their chil-
dren from attending the worship of those who
are not in communion with us. (1841.)
All an- It is agreed that the nine queries belonging
to meetings for discipline, be read, deliberately
^^^^' considered, and answered in each preparative
and monthly meeting once a year ; in order to
convey an explicit account in writing to the
Quarterly meetings next preceding the Yearly
Meeting; that so this Meeting may be clearly
informed of the state of all our meetings.
When Also, that the first, second and eighth of
second thosc qucrics be read, considered, and explicit
and eighth answcrs to them made in writing in the two
answered. Quarterly meetings preceding the one before
mentioned, and also in the preparative and
monthly meetings which report thereto. But
none of the queries are to be read or answered
in those Quarterly meetings for discipline
which immediately succeed the Yearly Meet-
ing, nor in the preparative or monthly meet-
ings which report to those Quarters.
It is not considered as obligatory on any when not
meeting to read the above queries oftener than ^^^'^ "
is here mentioned, or to read any others than
such as are to be answered. Nor is the
reading and answering of them enjoined on
any preparative meeting, where the mem-
bers of that and the monthly meeting are
It is further agreed, that at the time when Advices
ii • • 1 • Ji X* and cau-
tne nnie queries are read m the preparative tion to bo
and monthly meetino;s, the advices and caution ^^^^ ^^^^
, . . T 1 T . . ^ year.
subjoined shall be also distinctly read and
solidly pondered; as a means of putting the
members present upon considering, whether
there be any occasion for an extension of care
in those respects : and, if there is, of stirring
them up to a faithful discharge of their duty
as individuals, one towards another.
First Query. Are all our religious meetings
for worship and discipline duly attended; is
the hour observed; and are Friends clear of
sleeping, and of all other unbecoming behavior
Second Q^wry. Are love and unity maintained
amongst you? Are tale-bearing and detraction
discouraged? And where any differences arise,
are endeavors used speedily to end them ?
Third Query. Are Friends careful to bring
up those under their direction, in plainness of
speech, behavior, and apparel; in frequent
reading the holy scriptures; and to restrain
them from reading pernicious books, and from
the corrupt conversation of the world ?
Fourth Query. Arc Fr ^nd? clear o. \ i manu-
fae+ure and sale of all intoxicating beverages; are
they careful to discourage their use as a drink, and
is due caution observed in the use thereof as a
medicine? Are thej careful to discourage the at-
tending of places of diversion, and the unnecessary
frequenting of taverns? And do they keep to true
moderation and temperance on account of marriages
burials and other occasions? 1873.
Fifth Query. Are poor Friends' necessities
duly inspected, and they relieved or assisted
in such business as they are capable of? Do
their children freely partake of learning to fit
them for business; and are they and other
Friends' children placed among Friends ?
Sixth Query. Do you maintain a faithful
testimony against oaths; an hireling ministry;
bearing arms, training, and other military ser-
vices; being concerned in any fraudul^^nt or
clandestine trade ; buying or vending goods
so imported, or prize goods; and against en-
couraging lotteries of any kind ?
Seventh Query, Are Friends careful to live
within the bounds of their circumstances, and
to keep to moderation in their trade or busi-
ness; are they punctual to their promises, and
just in the payment of their debts; and are
such as give reasonable grounds for fear on
these accounts, timely labored with for their
preservr.tijn v^-. recovery \
'^ Eighth Query. Do you take due care regu-
larly to deal with all offenders in the spirit of
meekness, without partiality or unnecessary
delay, in order for their help ; and where such
labor is ineffectual, to place judgment upon
them in the authority of Truth ?
Ninth Query. Is due care taken to keep a
regular record of births and deaths ?
And in the preparative and monthly meet- Advices,
ings, when all the foregoing queries are read
and answered, the following advices are to be
read with a suitable pause between them :
As suitable marriao:e connections tend to the o^^f^ar-
. p • riages.
promotion of our happiness and comfort in
life, it is affectionately advised, that when any
of our members are about to marry, they seek
for Divine counsel and direction therein ; and
that their parents or guardians be early ac-
quainted with their intentions. And it is
recommended that marriages be accomplished
decently, gravely, and weightily ; that modera-
tion be observed, and that no cause of reproach
occur; but that all behave with such sobriety
as becomes a people fearing God. (1842.)
Gifts and That all public gifts and legacies be strictly
egacies. applied to the uses intended by the donors ; or,
if any unforeseen occurrence should render
such compliance difficult or impracticable, that
an early application be made to the meeting
for sufferings for its advice or assistance ; and
that timely care be taken for the renewal of
Certifi- That Friends intending removal be careful
to apply for certificates; and that the cases of
such who remove without certificates, or of
sojourners coming from other places and aj)-
pearing as Friends, without producing certifi-
cates, be properly attended to.
Inspect That Friends carefully inspect the state of
wiiis,\c. their affairs once in the year; and make their
wills and settle their outward estates whilst
Conduct- And it is further recommended, that in con-
^^^ ^ ® ducting the affairs of our meetings, Friends
endeavor to manage them in the peaceable affairs of
spirit and wisdom of Jesus, with decency, for- ^^^ ^^^^'
bearance and love of each other.
The following queries are also to be read, Annual
considered and answered, once a year, in each ^^^^^
monthly and Quarterly meeting, and a report
thereof made in writing to this Meeting : and
it is recommended that in answering the
query respecting schools, monthly meetings
furnish their respective Quarters with par-
ticular accounts of the situation and circum-
stance of the several schools within their
limits, and that the Quarterly meetings convey
to this Meeting a summary statement thereof.
Firsi Query. What changes have been made
in the times or places of holding Friends'
meetings; and what new meetings have been
Second Query. Are there schools established
for the education of our youth, under the care
of teachers in membership with us, and super-
intended by committees appointed either in
the monthly or preparative meetings ?
Third Query. Are the queries addressed to
the Quarterly, monthly and preparative meet-
ings, read and answered therein as directed ?
QUEEIES FOR MEETINGS OF
MINISTERS AND ELDERS.
When to be Jt is also coiicluded, that of the following
four queries, formed for the use of the meet-
ings of ministers and elders, the first three be
read and distinctly answered in writing three
times in a year, by each preparative meeting
of that kind, to its respective Quarterly meet-
ing : and that all the said four .queries shall be
in like manner read and answered, by the pre-
parative to their Quarterly meetings next pre-
ceding the Yearly Meeting of ministers and
elders; that the Quarterly meetings may be
enabled to transmit a clear and distinct state-
ment of those answers to that Meeting.
First Query. Are ministers and elders care-
ful to attend meetings for Divine worship,
bringing their families with them ? Do they
diligently attend meetings for discipline, en-
couraging such of their families to this duty as
are of proper age, and suitable deportment ?
Second Query. Are ministers sound in word
and doctrine; careful to minister in the ability
which God gives ?
Third Query. Are the lives and conversa-
tion of ministers and elders clean and blame-
less amongst men? Are they in unity one
with another, and with the meeting they
belong to, harmoniously laboring for Truth's
Fourth Qxiery. Are they good examples in
uprightness, temperance and moderation ; and
careful to train up their families in plainness
of dress and simplicity of manners, becoming
our religious profession ?
And it is earnestly and ajffectionately recom- Ministers
mended, that ministers and elders watch over advised to
one another for good, to help those who are ^^^^^^^J^gJ
exercised in the ministry in the right line ; for good,
discouraging forward spirits that run into
words without life and power ; advising against
affectation of tones and gestures, and every
thing that would hurt their service; yet
encouraging the humble careful traveller;
'^ speaking a word in season to them that are
weary." And let all dwell in that which gives
ability to labour successfully in the church of
Christ, adorning the doctrine which they de-
liver to others; being examples of the be-
lievers, in word, in conversation, in charity, in
spirit, in faith, and in purity.
When any member of our religious Society,
who has not become an offender by violating
any rule of Discipline, shall offer a resignation
of their right of membership, it is advised, that
the monthly meeting, if way opens, appoint a
committee to visit such person in love, and in-
quire into the cause of their resignation ; and if
his or her mind continues unchanged, a minute
may be made, stating that he or she is released
at his or her request; of which the party should
be informed; and such individual is not to be
considered a member of our society, until
received again according to our usual order.
Under a tender concern for the preserva-
tion of our members in that purity and sim-
plicity which become our Christian profession,
this Meeting is engaged solemnly to caution
them, and especially the younger part of so-
ciety, against any connection with the societies
SECRET SOCIETIES. 97
of " Free Masons," the associations calling them-
selves " Odd Fellows,'* or any others requiring
of their members a pledge of secrecy. Many
of these extract money from their members
under the plausible pretence of benevolence;
whilst they frequently draw them away from
their families and business, into places and
practices inimical to their best interests. Their
convivial meetings, their vain, ostentatious pro-
cessions, and high sounding titles, are corrupt-
ing in their tendency, and inconsistent with
our religious profession. Friends are therefore
earnestly and affectionately advised against
becoming or continuing members of any such
associations. Our Divine Master encouraged
no secret societies. His disciples were to stand
as a city set on a hill, which could not he hid.
They were to let their light shine hefore men,
that they, seeing their good worhs, might glorify
our Father who is in heaven. Overseers, and
other concerned Friends are advised to extend
timely caution and admonition to all cases
where any of our members have joined such
societies, or may be in danger of thus being
led astray by them.
institution The education of our youth in piety and
port^of^' virtue, and giving them useful learning under
achoois. the tuition of religious prudent persons, hav-
ing for many years engaged the solid attention
of this Meeting, and advices thereon having
been from time to time issued to the several
subordinate meetings; it is renewedly desired,
that Quarterly, monthly and preparative meet-
ings, may be excited to proper exertions for
the institution and support of schools; there
being but little doubt, that as Friends are
united, and cherish a disposition of liberality
for the assistance of each other in this im-
portant work, they will be enabled to make
such provision for the accommodation and
residence of a teacher, with a family, as would
be an encouragement to well qualified persons
to engage in this arduous employment: for
EflFects of want of which it has been observed, that chil-
oAhe^s^ dren have been committed to the care of
under the transient persons, of doubtful character, and
Ccirc ox X -^
Friends, somctimcs of Very corrupt minds, by whose
bad example and influence, they have been be-
trayed into principles and habits which have
had an injurious effect on them in more
advanced life. It is therefore indispensably
incumbent on us to guard them against this
danger, and procure such tutors of our own
religious persuasion, as are not only capable
of instructing them in useful learning, to fit
them for the business of this life, but to train
them in the knowledge of their duty to God and
one towards another. It is therefore proposed,
Fii'st That a lot of ground be provided in House for
each monthly or preparative meeting, suffi- ^ *^^^ ®^*
cient for a garden, orchard, grass for a cow,
&c. and a suitable house erected thereon.
Seemid, That funds be raised by contribu- Funds,
tion, bequests, &c. in each meeting; the in-
terest of which to be applied either in aid
of the tutor's salary, or lessening the expense
of Friends in straitened circumstances, in the
education of their children.
Third. That a committee be appointed in Com-
each monthly or preparative meeting, to have ^^
the care of schools and the funds for their sup-
port, and that no tutor be employed but with
Although the raising a sufficiency to answer En-
.-, "^ , -,.r^ couraged
those purposes may m some places appear dim- to raise
cult, yet as improvements of this kind are ^^^^"
generally gradual, and have often arisen from
small beginnings into very valuable establish-
ments, it is desired that Friends may be
encouraged thereto, and keeping an eye to the
100 OLD AKD NEW TESTAMENTS.
Divine blessing on their benevolent endeavors,
make such essay for carrying into effect these
recommendations as they may be enabled.
SCRIPTUEES OF THE OLD AND
"We tenderly and earnestly advise and ex-
hort all parents and heads of families, that
they endeavor to instruct their children and
families in the doctrines and precepts of the
Christian religion, as contained in the scrip-
tures; and that they excite them to the dili-
gent reading of those excellent writings, which
plainly set forth the miraculous conception,
birth, holy life, wonderful works, blessed ex-
ample, meritorious death, and glorious resur-
rection, ascension and mediation of our Lord
and Saviour Jesus Christ; and to educate
their children in the belief of those important
truths, as well as in the belief of the inward
manifestation and operation of the holy Spirit
on their own minds, that they may reap the
benefit and advantage thereof, for their own
peace and everlasting happiness; which is
infinitely preferable to all other considerations.
Agreed, that there be collections brought in
from each Quarterly, unto the next Yearly
Meeting, for a Yearly Meeting stock, to defray
the charges of the said Meeting, according to
the several agreements made or hereafter to
be made. (1695.)
A stock having been generally kept, and by
experience found useful for the necessary occar
sions of the Society, it is agreed, that the
same be occasionally renewed by a collection
from each Quarter; and that it be continued
in the hands of the treasurer appointed by
this Meeting, and subject to be drawn out by
its direction, or by the meeting for sufferings,
as the exigencies of Society may require.
The sums which may be thought necessary,
shall be raised by each Quarter, in the propor-
tions which may be ascertained by this Meet-
ing from time to time.
An arrangement of the quotas of the several
Quarterly meetings, produced by a committee
appointed for that purpose, was agreed to in
1847, as follows:
Philadelpliia Quarter to pay ^20 in every $100.
Abington 14 " "
Bucks 14 " "
Concord 14 " "
Cain 4 " "
Western 13 " "
Southern 2 " "
Burlington 6 ^' "
Haddonfield 5 '' ''
Salem 7 " "
Fishing Creek Half- Year meeting 1 " "
Fre- We think it necessary to caution, not only
taTrns^ the youth but those of riper age, to avoid the
and other unnecessary frequenting of taverns and other
pubUcre- placcs of public rcsort ; that they be not ex-
posed to noisy company and unprofitable con-
versation; or betrayed into the use of strong
liquors, by which so many have been corrupted
both in principle and practice, to the ruin of
themselves and their families. And if any
are in danger on these accounts, it is desired
that they may be timely and tenderly treated
with in order to convince them of their danger.
Caution Considering the temptations and snares
agams . ^,]^-^,].^ ^^ley are exposed to who keep houses
TESTIMONIES OF DENIAL, ETC. 103
of public entertainment or beer-houses, the keeping
corrupting influence of many who resort to
them, and its effects on the children and
families so exposed; it is the judgment of this
Meeting, that our members avoid engaging in
such employments for a livelihood ; and attend
to the pointings of pure wisdom for that end.
And it is desired, that Friends may endeavor, increase
as far as their influence extends in the com- gjg^hig
munity, to prevent the unnecessary increase Petitions
of taverns, and be cautious of signing petitions couraged.
in behalf of those who may apply for licenses
on that account. ^
TESTIMOOTES OF DENIAL, AND
It is the sense of this Meeting, that offenders Acknow-
inclining to make acknowledgment of their to^brfn^^
offences, do prepare the same in writing ; and ^^it^^e-
if, on consulting the overseers or other judi-
cious Friends, the purport appears suitable to
the occasion, and the situation of the party
will admit of it, he or she may present it to
the meeting in person, and stay till it is read;
when, after time given for a solid pause, they
should withdraw before that or any other busi-
ness is proceeded upon. The meeting is then
to consider the case, and appoint two or more
Friends to inform the party of the result.
Notice In all cases where a meeting apprehends
issuing a itsclf undcr a necessity to disown a member,
testimony, j^^ such member, if the occasion and his or her
situation will admit of it, be previously in-
formed thereof: and when the judgment of the
meeting is issued, let a copy thereof be de-
livered to the party testified against, with noti-
fication of his or her right of appeal.
Truth is It being evident, that where the manifesta-
Sfifs ill its
guidance, tious and restraints of the Spirit of truth are
duly prized and regarded, it leads out of a
bondage to the spirit of this world, and pre-
serves the minds of its followers from many
fettering and disqualifying entanglements; and
Tnordinate contrariwisc, that an inordinate love and pur-
STs'in^-^ suit of worldly riches, often betrays those who
voives in jj^^g captivated by them, into many difficulties
difficulty. »■ ^ ' -^ .
and dangers, to the great obstruction ol the
work of Truth in the heart : we affectionately
desire that the counsel and gracious promise
of our blessed Redeemer to his followers, may
be borne in remembrance by us, " Seek ye first
the kingdom of God and his righteousness, and
all these things shall be added unto you."
This Meeting being earnestly concerned that Engage-
the service of our religious Society may not be be within
obstructed, or its reputation dishonored, by any ^nd"^^*"^^
imprudence of its members in their worldly strictly
engagements, recommends to all, that they be
careful not to venture upon such business as
they do not well understand; nor to launch
out in trade beyond their abilities, and at the
risk of others; especially on the credit which
may be derived from a profession of the Truth ;
but that they bound their engagements by
their means; and when they enter into con-
tracts, or give their words, that they endeavor
on all occasions strictly to fulfil them.
We particularly exhort that none engage in Hazardous
such concerns as depend on the often decep- ^i^el to
tive probabilities of hazardous enterprises; but be avoid-
rather content themselves with such a plain moderate
and moderate way of living as is consistent nvmgkept
with the self-denying principle we make pro- *o.
fession of; whereby many disappointments and
grievous perplexities may be avoided, and that
tranquillity of mind obtained which is insepara-
ble from the right enjoyment even of temporal
things. And it is advised, that where any
among us err, or are in danger of erring in
these respects, they be faithfully and timely
Inspect It is recommended that Friends frequently
and^when i^spect the statc of their affairs, and keep their
needful, accouuts SO clcar and accurate, that they may,
at any time, easily know whether they live
within the bounds of their circumstances, or
not ; and, in case of death, that these may not
be perplexing to survivors. And whenever
any find that they have no more property left
than is sufficient to discharge their just debts.
Consult it is advised, that they immediately consult
with some judicious Friends, and, without loss
of time, make their circumstances known to
their creditors; carefully avoiding the pay-
And avoid mcnt of ouc in preference to another, that so
none may be injured, nor any reproach be
incurred by mismanagement.
And where overseers, or other concerned
Friends, have reason to fear that any person
or family, by living above their means, or
from a want of punctuality in fulfilling their
contracts, or any other cause, are declining in
Those their circumstances, and likely to fail, it is
faiftobe rccommcnded that such be seasonably treated
season- with, and (if it appear requisite) advised to
treated Call their crcditors together without delay.
^^^^' And if, notwithstanding this advice, such per-
sons still persist and run into embarrassment,
to the loss of others and to their own disrepu-
tation, the preparative or monthly meeting to
which they belong, ought to be timely informed
thereof, and proceed to deal with them accord-
ing to our rules; when, if this labor also
prove ineffectual, a testimony of denial may
be issued against them.
It is advised that where such failures occur. Assignees
and the cases are under the care of monthly tobTL-^^
meetings, that the Friends appointed to visit q^^ired of.
the parties inquire of their assignees or trus-
tees, how their deficiencies have happened, and
report accordingly. And it is the judgment of
this Meeting, that neither monthly nor other
meetings should receive subscriptions, dona- wiien sub-
tions or bequests from persons so circum- &"are^not
stanced, until they have paid off their deficien- to.be re-
cies, or are voluntarily acquitted thereof by
their creditors : for it should be remembered
that though, in such cases, the defaulter may
have been legally discharged, the property he When of
o, 1 • • J. 11' ability to
may aiterwards acquire is not properly his pay just
own, till he has fairly paid off his former ^^^**-
debts, to the satisfaction of the creditors.
Wherefore we further advise, that if any such
person or persons, on being suitably reminded
of their duty in this respect, shall refuse to
comply therewith, inquiry be made into the
reason, and if it be not such as shall satisfy
the monthly meetings of which they are mem- Or be dia-
bers, and they cannot be prevailed with, — the ^^^^ "
said meetings, after a proper time of labor and
forbearance, may issue a testimony of denial
All cases In Order regularly to bring all cases of failure
of failure -in ,• ^ .-, ^ i' r
to be re- bciore preparative and monthly meetings for
ported. their care, and also, a provision more effectually
to insure an impartial distribution of the effects
of insolvents, the following rules were adopted.
Overseers When any member of our religious Society
qulre^int'o ^^ trade or business becomes unable to dis-
eases of charge his or her debts, the overseers should
failure *-' . . , .
and lay take an early opportunity to ascertain the cir-
before cumstauccs of the case, and spread the same
meetings, before the preparative meeting, in order that
it may be regularly forwarded to the monthly
meeting : and if it shall appear that such fail-
ure has arisen from a want of due attention to
the advices of this Meeting on the subject of
trade and business, and has brought reproach
on our religious profession, the monthly meet-
ing shall be at liberty to issue a testimony of
Creditors And it is also the judgment of this Meeting,
suited^and that whcn any of our members are about to
J^-;'-^*' assign their property, their creditors should be
liberty to ° . .
appoint consulted, if practicable, and have the liberty
assignees. ^^ appointing assignees to take charge of the
effects, which should be assigned without any
condition or reservation; and if the party do
not so proceed, the case shall be treated as is
directed in the preceding paragraph. (1816.)
Advised, that when Friends accept the office Duties of
of trustee or assignee, they be active in collect- ^^^^s^®®^-
ing the effects of the estate, and punctual and
speedy in making distribution.
Advised, that Friends everywhere carefully GoYem-
avoid being anyway concerned in defrauding f^^H ^g!
the government of its duties ; that so our f^auded.
ancient testimony in this respect may be in-
We warn our members against a pernicious Mere
practice amongst the trading part of the com- 1^^^^^ ^jjg,
munity, which has often issued in the ruin of couraged.
those concerning therein, viz. : That of raising
and circulating a kind of paper credit, with
endorsements, to give it an appearance of
value, without an intrinsic reality ; a practice
which, as it a^Dpears to be inconsistent with
the Truth we profess, we declare our disappro-
bation of, and entreat every member of our
Society to avoid and discourage.
We also caution all in membership with us Joint se-
to avoid entering into joint securities with c^'Sed
others, under the specious plea of rendering against.
acts of kindness; many, by so doing, having
been suddenly ruined, and their innocent wives
and children reduced to deplorable circum-
stances. " Be not thou," said the wise man,
"one of them that strike hands; or of them
that are sureties for debts. If thou hast no-
thing to pay, why should he take away thy
bed from under thee ?"
Divine We affectionately desire that Friends may
be waited Wait for Diviuc counscl in all their engage-
^^^' ments, and not suffer their minds to be hurried
away by an inordinate desire of worldly riches ;
remembering the observation of the apostle in
his day, and so often sorrowfully verified in
ours, that " They who will be rich, fall into
temptation and a snare;" and, erring from the
faith, " pierce themselves through with many
Dangers sorrows." Evcu whcu richcs to any extraordi-
riches.* nary degree have been amassed by the success-
ful industry of parents, how often have they
proved like wings to their children, carrying
them beyond the limitations of Truth, into
liberties repugnant to our religious testimonies,
and sometimes into enterprises which have
terminated in irreparable damage to their
temporal affairs, if not an entire forge tfulness
of the great work of the soul's salvation.
Friends are exhorted faithfully to adhere Exhorta-
to our ancient testimony against wars and faithful
fightings, and in no way to unite with any in ^^f^j^f^f
warlike measures, either offensive or defensive; ourtesti
that by the inoffensiveness of our conduct, we ^^^
may convincingly demonstrate ourselves to be
real subjects of the Messiah's peaceful reign,
and be instrumental in the promotion thereof,
towards its desired completion, when, accord-
ing to ancient prophecy, " the earth shall be
full of the knowledge of the Lord, as the
waters cover the sea ;" and its inhabitants
"shall learn war no more."
When goods have been distrained from any Overplus
Friends on account of their refusal to pay fines traints" not
for non-performance of military services, and *o ^^®^^.
the officers, after deducting the fines and costs, less in the
propose to return the remainder, — it is the g^^^^g^
sense of this Meeting, that Friends should
maintain their testimony by suffering, rather
than accept such overplus ; unless the same or
a part of it is returned without a change of the
It is declared to be the sense of this Meet- Furnish-
ing that furnishing wagons, or other means for ^fgons a
military convejing military stores, is a military service ;
seivice. ^^^ ^j^^^ ^Y^^ ^^^^ ^^ elders, overseers and faith-
ful Friends, should be extended in true love
and Christian tenderness, to such as deviate
herein, in order to convince them of their error.
Tax for It is the sense of this Meeting, that a tax,
^^™^^' ^' levied for the purchasing of drums, colors, or
for other warlike uses, cannot be paid con-
sistently with our Christian testimony.
Viewing This Meeting fervently recommends to the
operations deep attention of all our members, that they
^^ T^^ih ^^ religiously guarded against approving or
unstable showiug the Icast connivance at war, either by
party ad- attending at or viewing of military operations ;
^^^a^st ^^ ^^ ^^y ^^^^ encouraging the unstable deceit-
ful spirit of party, by joining with political
devices or associations, however speciously dis-
guised under the ensnaring subtleties commonly
attendant thereon: but that they sincerely
labor to experience a settlement on the alone
sure foundation of pure unchangeable Truth ;
whereby, through the prevalence of unfeigned
Christian love and good will to men, we may
convincingly demonstrate that the kingdom we
seek is not of this world. A kingdom and
government whose subjects are free indeed!
redeemed from those captivating lusts from
whence come wars and fightings.
A living concern for the advancement of our
testimony to the peaceable kingdom of Christ, Business
.... T . . T p . connected
contmumg to spread in many mmds, a lervent with war
desire hath prevailed amongst us, that the mem- ^^^^^g^j
bers of our religious Society would carefully
avoid engaging in any trade or business pro-
motive of war, — sharing or partaking of the
spoils of war by purchasing or selling prize
goods, importing or shipping goods in armed
vessels, paying taxes for the express purpose
of war, grinding of grain, feeding of cattle, oi
selling their property for the use of the army :
that through a close attention to the monitions
of Divine grace, and guarding against the sup-
pression of it either in themselves or others,
they may be preserved in a conduct consistent
with our holy profession, from wounding the
minds or increasing the sufferings of each
other; not at all doubting, that He to whom
appertains the kingdom and the power, who is
wonderful in working, will continue to carry
on and perfect his blessed cause of peace in
the earth. A solid attention to this concern Payment
is recommended to Quarterly, monthly and taxeHn^'
preparative meetino:s, and to our brethren in lieuofper-
,.,. . ^ n 1 ' HIT sonal ser-
general; it being the judgment of this Meet- vice,
ing, that if any of our members do either veSdf or
openly or by connivance pay any fine, penalty *^^^.^s '^
or tax m lieu of personal service for carry uig cates
on war, or allow their children, apprentices or IhTpui-^'^
servants to act therein, or are concerned in p°^® °^
■' , war, cause
arming or equipping vessels with guns, or deal of dealing.
in public certificates issued as a compensation
for expenses accrued or services performed in
war, that they be tenderly dealt with, and if
they cannot be brought to an acknowledgment
of their error, monthly meetings are at liberty
to testify against them.
Military It is the scnse and judgment of this Meet-
nottobe^^ ing, that it is inconsistent with our religious
paid, how- testimony and principle, for any Friend to pay
ever ap- •^ . x •/
plied a fine or tax, levied on them on account of
their refusal to serve in the militia, although
such fine or imposition may be applied towards
defraying the expenses of civil government:
and where deviations in this respect occur,
tender dealing and advice should be extended
to the party in order to their convincement
and restoration; and if this proves ineffectual,
monthly meetings should proceed to testify
To be Knowing how quickly many are removed
w^o? by death, it is weightily recommended, that
health. (»are be taken by each monthly meeting, that
Friends who have estates to dispose of, be
advised to make their wills in time of health,
and strength of judgment; and therein to
direct their substance as in justice and wisdom
may be to their satisfaction and peace; laying Laying
aside all resentment, though occasion may have ^68^^^*^
been given, lest it should go with them to the ^ent.
grave; remembering we all stand in need of
mercy and forgiveness. Making such wills in
due time can shorten no one's days, but the
omission or delay thereof to a time of sickness,
when the mind should not be diverted from a
solemn consideration of the approaching awful
period of life, has often proved very injurious
to many, and been the occasion of creating
animosities in families, which the seasonable
performance of this necessary duty might have
Friends are earnestly recommended to em- To be
ploy persons skilful in the law, and of good per^s ^
repute, to make their wills ; as srreat incon- qualified
. ,, , . , ' n therefor
venience and loss, and sometimes the rum of
families, have happened through the unskilful-
ness of some who have taken upon them to
write wills, being unqualified to act in a matter
of such importance. And all Friends who
may become executors or administrators, are
advised to make a full, clear and perfect in- Advice to
ventory of the estate and effects of the de- and^ad-^^
ceased, early after the interment ; as many ^^^nistra-
difficulties and disputes have arisen, and some-
times injustice been done, for want of it, or by
deferring it too long.
Esta- Forasmuch as our women's meetings for
u^ne ^^ discipline were set up and established in Divine
wisdom, wisdom, and by long experience have been
found of advantage, not only to the Society in
general, but to the youth of their own sex in
particular; it is earnestly desired, they may
be encouraged to come up to the help of their
brethren in that part of the discipline of the
church properly claiming their attention and
Their ser- care. On considering the nature and extent
Suows! whereof, it is apprehended a benefit might
accrue, by explicitly setting forth their dis-
tinct allotment and separate services in their
monthly and Quarterly meetings, and also in
their Yearly Meeting.
Women's monthly meetings, are,
Care of the First. To inspcct and relieve the wants of
^°°^* . the poor of their own sex; and where their
own funds are insufficient, they are to apply
to the men's meeting for their aid, and for
their concurrence, as cases shall require.
Proposals Second. To take cognizance of proposals of
riagT^ marriage, and appoint two of their members
to inquire into the conversation and clearness
women's meetings. 117
of the woman; also two to the oversight of
Third. They are to appoint a suitable num- Overseers.
ber of overseers, who are to treat with offenders
of their own sex ; that their cases be laid before
the women's preparative, and if needful their
monthly meeting; which should proceed to
deal further with such delinquents and report Mode of
the result of their labors to the men's meeting; offe^nders.
and if further dealing is expedient, the men
should appoint a committee to unite with the
women therein ; the report of which joint com-
mittee is to be made to each meeting, and the
women having considered the same, are to in-
form the men's meeting of their sense thereon, Men to bo
and the subject to be finally resulted by the and ksue
men. But when a case is brought by the *^® ^^®-
women into the men's meeting, if on solid
consideration further dealing does not appear
to be needful, and the men are most easy to
issue it, a committee should be appointed to
prepare a testimony of disownment, which,
when approved, is to be sent to the women's
meeting for their concurrence, and care in de-
livering it to the party.
Fourth. On application of a woman for ad- Admission
. . ... or rein-
mission or remstatement mto membership; statement
after a religious care therein hath been exer- JJ^ei^s^ip'"'
cised by women overseers, and in the prepara-
tive meeting, as the case may require, the
WOMEN S MEETINGS.
women's monthly meeting is to make an ap-
pointment to join the men ; the report of which
united committee is to be made to each meet-
ing, and the women's meeting, having con-
sidered the same, are to convey their sense
thereon to the men's meeting, where the sub-
ject shall be considered and finally resulted.
Fifth. They are to join in certificates of
removal for women Friends; in order whereto,
the women's monthly meeting is to appoint
two or more of their members to make the
necessary inquiry, that the same may be pre-
pared; and, after being considered in the
women's, is to be laid before the men's meet-
ing; and when there approved and signed,
returned to the women's meeting for their
signature : but if the certificate is intended to
include one or more males, then they are to
report the result of their inquiry to the Friends
named on the like inquiry by the men's meet-
ing; in which the certificate being approved
and signed, is to be sent to the women's meet-
ing for their concurrence and signing. And
all certificates received for women Friends, are
to be laid before the men's meeting, before they
can be fully accepted by the women's meeting.
Concerns SixtJi. When a woman minister apprehends
to travel j^gj-ggif under a religious en2:ao;ement to travel
as a minis- o o o
ter. in Truth's service, she is first to spread her
concern before the women's meeting; and if
women's meetings. 119
united with, the same is to be laid before the
men's meeting, whose result is to be com-
municated to the women's meeting; to which,
when a certificate for that purpose is prepared
and signed by the men's meeting, it is to be
sent for their concurrence and signing.
Seventh. When the nomination of a woman Appoint-
elder is judged expedient, the women's meet- eiders
ing should appoint a judicious committee, to .
join a like committee of the men's meeting in
the consideration thereof; whose united report
is to be communicated to each meeting; and
the women's meeting, after due deliberation, and
previous to their making any conclusive minute
thereon, are to impart their sense to the men's
-meeting for their judgment and determination.
Eighth. The women's preparative meetings, Answer
where more than one constitute a monthly * ®
meeting, are to consider and answer the
queries : which is likewise to be done in their
monthly meetings; from which they are to
report the state of each monthly meeting to
their respective Quarterly meeting; to attend Name
which as their representatives, they should sentative?
nominate two or more of their members.
It is desired that women Friends in their Births and
respective monthly meetings, would afford their
aid to the men's meetings in the preservation
of a regular record of births and deaths.
WOMEN'S QUARTERLY MEETINGS.
Certifi- First. When" a woman minister under a reli-
toave/as a gi^us concem to travel in Truth's service, pro-
minister duces to the Quarterly meeting a certificate of
the approbation of the monthly meeting of
* which she is a member, if the concern is con-
curred with in the women's meeting, it should
be submitted to the men's meeting; and when
approved, an endorsement to that effect should
be made on the certificate, signed by the clerk,
and returned to the women's meeting for sign-
ing by their clerk.
Answer Seccmd. They are to receive the written
queries, ^^.^ounts Sent from the respective women's
monthly meeting, and transmit the collected
answers to the queries, except the ninth, with
such other matters as appear needful, to the
women's Yearly Meeting; to attend the ser-
Appomt vice whereof, each Quarterly meeting is to
Bentatives. appoint a Suitable number of representatives.
General Third. They are to communicate to their
services, ^ggpective monthly meetings, such advices as
they apprehend necessary, with any epistles
or writings issued for that purpose by their
Yearly Meeting ; nominate committees at the
request of the men's meeting to visit their
YEARLY MEETING OF WOMEN. 121
monthly meetings, or for any other service
which the men's meeting shall judge expe-
dient; and in all respects they are to attend to
those matters which may properly come under
the notice and care of women's Quarterly
THE TEAELT MEETING OF
Held annually in Philadelphia at the time Corre-
of holding this Meeting, is at liberty to corre- eSrand
spond with any other Yearly Meetings of their counsel.
own sex, either in America or elsewhere ; and
to issue such counsel and admonition to their
own Quarterly and monthly meetings, as in
the wisdom of Truth shall appear conducive
to real benefit and mutual edification; but the
said Yearly Meeting is not to hear or deter- Appeals.
mine on any appeal, nor at liberty to make or Discipima
alter any rules of discipline or queries.
They are to have a stock of their own, for stock.
such services as may fall more properly under
And finally, it is desired that a fair record Records.
122 YEARLY MEETING.
be kept of the minutes and proceedings of the
Yearly, Quarterly, and monthly meetings of
women Friends; and that annually their repre-
sentatives to the Yearly Meeting exercise a
Clerk. proper religious care in the choice of a clerk.
Account It appears by the records, that our first
biishment Yearly Meeting was held at Burlington in New
and the Jersey, the thirty-first day of the Sixth Month,
times of "^ ' *' y ^ '
holding it 1681, 0. S., for the provinces of Pennsylvania
present ^ud Ncw Jcrsey; that in 1685, it was agreed
a856 ^^ ^^ ^^^^ alternately at Burlington and Phila-
delphia; that in 1755, the time of holding it
was changed to the Ninth Month; that in
1760, it was concluded to be held at the same
time at Philadelphia only; that in 1798, the
time of holding it was altered to the third
Second-day in the Fourth Month; that in
1827, the time of holding it was changed to
the second Second-day of the Fourth Month;
and in 1838, it was agreed to be held on the
Second-day following the second First-day in
the Fifth month, as it now is; the Yearly
Meeting of ministers and elders to be on the
YEARLY MEETING. 123
seven til day of the week preceding; and both
to begin at the tenth hour.
It is agreed, that such Friends as may committee
be appointed to prepare epistles shall meet lij^^^'
together before they proceed on the service,
and also examine the several essays previous
to their being laid before this Meeting.
Agreed, that all letters or papers directed On official
to the Yearly Meeting, except from such meet- spond
ings as regularly correspond therewith, be first ®^^®'
perused by a few Friends to be appointed; who
are to consider and report, whether the same
be proper to be read in this meeting or not.
Agreed, that when extracts from the minutes Extracts,
of this Meeting are ordered to be sent to the
Quarterly meetings, a full copy shall be sent
by each of those meetings to their respective
monthly meetings, and by the monthly to each
of their preparative meetings, in order that
each meeting may have a copy thereof, to have
recourse to as occasions may require.
The certificates of such Friends, members Certifi-
of other Yearly Meetings, who from a religious
concern are drawn to attend this, are to be
APPEALS 7, 8
See Testimonies of Denial 103
Mode prescribed for settling differences ih.
Either party not complying, to be complained of to
the monthly meeting 9
Erroneous or unjust award, cause of rehearing 10
Arbitrators may consult counsel in the law ih.
Particular cases exceptions to the positive rules 11
Permission for a trial at law ih.
Overseers in certain cases, to advise a speedy settle-
ment without reference 12
Preparative meeting concurring therewith, the com-
laint to be dismissed ih.
BIRTHS AND BURIALS. 13
Committee for the preservation of order and solemnity
at burials , . . , . ih.
Caution when attending the burials of those not in
communion with us ih,
Invitations to funerals, where a hireling minister is
expected to officiate, not to be published in our
Formal or customary meetings at interments, advised
Committee to have care of our burial grounds, and
granting permits to those not members ib.
Marks allowed of 15
Directions to monthly meetings ih.
Extravagant expenses advised against ih.
Records of births and deaths to be kept 15, 16
Oversight of writings, vested in the meeting for suf-
ferings, on the author's application ih.
Persons publishing that which tends to excite disunity
and discord among us, to be disowned ih.
Printers and booksellers not to sell or lend pernicious
books 17, 18
For travelling Friends, to be returned, and all certifi-
cates to be recorded ih.
Mode of signing 19
Of removals ih.
See also Women's Meetings 118
Residence gained on receipt of the certificate 20
Persons falling into necessitous circumstances, or who
are reduced through unavoidable losses, to be
Certificates to be sent after such as have removed
without applying for them 21
If their conduct has been exceptionable, they are to
be treated with, and the manner pointed out ih.
Parents, guardians, &c. to apply for certificates for
Persons coming amongst Friends without certificates,
and being of disorderly conduct, to be treated
Recommendation to visit such who bring certifi-
See Ministers and Elders 64, 65
Concerning marriage 47, 48
CHARITY AND UNITY 23
Caution against resentment. See Wills 115
CIVIL GOVERNMENT 24
No office or station to be accepted, the duties or exer-
cise whereof may violate our testimonies 24
Election to offices or stations ih.
Caution against defrauding. See Trade 109
See Discipline 40
Women's meeting 118
CONDUCT AND CONVERSATION 25
Immorality to be testified against 26
Blasphemy, and denial of the divinity of Christ —
testified against ih.
Strict justice to be observed in all our dealings 27
CONVINCED PERSONS 28
Order prescribed for receiving persons into mem-
Nation or color, no obstruction if the applicant is
united to us in principle and practice 29
Such as have been disowned received as other appli-
DANCmG— ^ee Diversio\is 42
DAYS AND TIMES 30
Reasons for not observing fasts, &c 31
DEFAMATION AND DETRACTION 32
Gospel order held up to view ib.
Persons guilty of detraction to be dealt with ib.
Reporters and tale bearers also to be dealt with 33
DISCIPLINE AND MEETINGS FOR DISCI-
Connection and subordination of meetings 34
To make or alter any rule of discipline, men and
women Friends to unite 34
Meetings set up by consent of superior meetings ib.
A meeting for worship consisting of members of two
or more monthly meetings ib.
Minutes of the business of meetings to be kept in
books provided for the purpose 35
Cases too weighty or difficult for monthly meetings,
should claim the care of Quarterly meetings ib.
Copies of minutes or records may be granted to meet-
ings, or individuals 36
Representatives to be appointed, to attend Quarterly
and Yearly meetings ih.
Mode of treating with such as reside at a distance.... 37
Offenders not to sit in meetings for discipline 38
Explicit accounts of sufferings to be forwarded by
Quarterly meetings to meeting for sufferings ib.
Rights of children whose parents have been married
contrary to our order 39
Sorcery to be testified against 39
Clerks to be seasonably changed 40
Use and design of preparative meetings ih,
DONATIONS AND SUBSCRIPTIONS 41
ELDERS to be chosen 61
Mode of their appointment 62
Appointment of a committee once in four years to
consider of changing them ih.
FAMILY VISITS 41
GAMING AND DIVERSIONS 42
Different kinds enumerated as cause of disownment... ih.
Refusal to pay debts cause of disownment ib.
Debtors' effects to be surrendered or they disowned... 43
Christian charity to be exercised ih.
Ability to pay deficiencies if not complied with, cause
of disownment ih.
See also Trade lOT
Suing at law except with certain restrictions dis-
allowed of and to be testified against 44
LEGACIES AND BEQUESTS—
See Donations 41
Meeting for Sufferings 55
Strictly applied 92
LIBERTY OF CONSCIENCE-
/See Civil Government 23
See Gaming 42
Divine counsel to be waited for ih.
Principles on which our good order is founded 45, 46
Mode of proceeding in marriage 46, 47
Consent of parents, and certificates of clearness, to be
Rights of children of widows to be secured ih.
Form of marriage certificate 48, 49
Marriages of first cousins, and all others so near akin,
not to be permitted 50-52
Care and caution to prevent mixed marriages 51
Members to be admonished ih.
Mixed marriages, and those before a priest or hireling
minister, to be treated as offences 51, 52
Members who marry those not in membership, out of
the order of Friends, may be retained without a
written acknowledgment, where no immoral con-
duct or breach of our testimonies, has occurred.. 52
See Advices following Queries 91
One party not in membership 62
MEETING HOUSES 53
Timely care advised for inspection of titles of real
estate held by meetings, that the trusts may be
seasonably renewed ih.
Regular account to be preserved, when, and with
whom the papers, minutes, &c. of meetings are
MEETING FOR SUFFERINGS 54
Its services and duties 54-56
MEETINGS FOR WORSHIP 57
Unbecoming behavior requiring admonition ib.
Exhortation to diligence in attending meetings ib.
Such who wilfully neglect them and are not reclaimed
by the labor of Friends, to be disowned 58
Drowsiness in meeting is offensive ib.
MEETINGS FOR DISCIPLINE—
See Discipline, &c 34-40
8ee Meeting for sufferings 55
MINISTERS AND ELDERS 60
Advice to ministers ib.
Misbehavior of ministers requires admonition ib.
Public opposition to approved ministers disallowed.... 61
Appointment of Elders 61,62
Recommendation of ministers 63, 64
No minister to appoint meetings out of the limits of
their Quarterly meeting, but with the consent of
the monthly meeting 64
Elders, appearing in the ministry ib.
Ministers concerned to travel are to spread their con-
cerns before the monthly meetings ib.
General religious visits are to have the concurrence of
the Quarterly meeting Q^
Monthly meeting certificate, sufficient to attend one
of the Yearly Meetings on this continent ib.
Also to visit the meetings of one or two Quarterly
meetings adjacent to our limits, belonging to
New York or Maryland ib.
Meetings to render assistance to ministers perform-
ing religious visits, if requisite Q^^QQ
Preparative meetings of ministers and elders 66
Quarterly meetings, of ditto 67
Yearly Meeting, . of ditto ib.
Concerns of ministers for crossing the seas, to be
considered in the Yearly Meeting ih.
Meetings of ministers and elders are not to interfere
with meetings for discipline 68
Mode of treating with a minister or elder who may
lose his or her service ih.
>S(ge Women's Meetings 119
MODERATION AND TEMPERANCE 69
Idle company and evil practices to be avoided ib.
Giving or receiving strong liquors at vendues 70
Ruinous effects of distilled spirituous liquors ih.
Moderation at marriages, &c. recommended 71
Distillation of spirits, or selling such liquors, causes
of disownment ih.
Using spirituous liquors, as a drink, advised against.. 72
See Fourth Query . 90
See Marks 15
See Diversions 42
NEGROES OR SLAVES 73
Advice, assistance and school learning to be given to
this people 74
Hiring slaves opposed to our testimony ih.
Caution to executors and administrators ih.
Advice to such as have held slaves 74, 75
INDEX. . 133
The importation, selling, purchasing or giving away
slaves, testified against 75
Members that are parties to, or connive at their clerks
administering oaths, to be treated with %b.
Violation of this testimony to be testified against 78
Friends advised against electing or promoting their
brethren to offices in government whereby this
testimony may be violated ^6.
Recommendation respecting witnesses to instruments
of writing ih.
OFFICES IN GOVERNMENT—
8m Civil Government 23, 24
Their service and duty ih.
Appointment of a committee once in three years to
consider of changing them 80
PARENTS AND CHILDREN 81
Youth exhorted to avoid ensnaring corruptions ih.
Such who go into extravagant fashions or fall into
evil company and excesses, to be treated with 82
Parents indulging their children in extravagance 83
Children to be brought up to industry ih.
Children of the poor to be instructed in useful em-
ployments, on moderate terms ih.
Caution to tradesmen and others ih.
Maintenance of this testimony in our speech, without
respect to persons 85
See Third Query 90
Advice and assistance to be afforded them ih.
Funds to be raised for this purpose ih.
Situation of our fellow-members not to be exposed.... 87
See Fifth Query 90
/See Women's Meetings 116
PRIESTS' WAGES OR HIRELING MINISTRY 8T
Gospel ministry, free ih.
Violation of this testimony to be testified against ih.
Advice on attending the worship of those not in com-
munion with us 88
For meetings for discipline 89-93
For meetings of ministers and elders 94, 95
See Gaming and Diversions 42
See Births and Deaths 16
Copies to be given ih.
Marriage certificates 48
Meeting houses 53
Women's meetings 121
Yearly Meeting 122
See Families 41
Ministers and elders 64-66
Women's meetings 118
See Certificates 20-22
Discipline treating with such as are at a distance 37
Women's meetings 118
REPRESENTATIVE COMMITTEE, OR MEET-
ING FOR SUFFERINGS 54
See Discipline 36
Women's meetings 119
SECRET SOCIETIES ^5.
RIGHTS OF CHILDREN—
See Discipline 39
Marriages, children of widows 47
See Queries 93
See Discipline 39
Dram drinking. See Moderation and Temperance... 69
Arrangement of the quotas 102
xSee Women's Meetings 121
Unnecessary frequenting them to be avoided ih.
Caution against keeping them ib.
Friends to exert their influence against the unneces-
sary increase of them 103
TESTIMONIES OF DENIAL AND ACKNOW-
Acknowledgments, to be in writing ib.
Members under dealing to be notified that a testimony
is to be issued 104
Information of the right of appeal ib,
Engagements to be within our means and strictly ful-
Hazardous enterprises to be avoided ib.
Accounts to be accurately kept, and if a failure be
apprehended, creditors are to be informed 106
Such as run into embarrassment to be treated with
by preparative and monthly meetings ib.
Assignees or trustees to be inquired of. 107
Debtors acquiring sufficiency, to discharge their debts,
and refusing so to do, are to be disowned ib.
See the same case under Law 43
All cases of failure to be attended to by monthly
Creditors to be consulted, when assignments are
about to be made, and have liberty to appoint
Assignments to be made without condition or reserva-
Defrauding the government cautioned against 109
Mere paper credit inconsistent with truth ib.
Joint securities cautioned against ih.
/S'ee Queries 6th and 7th 90,91
See Gaming 42
Exhortation to maintain this testimony ih.
Overplus of distraints not to be received unless in the
same goods ih.
Furnishing wagons, a military service ih.
Taxes for warlike purposes not to be paid 112
Viewing military operations or joining with party
spirit advised against ih.
Business connected with war to be avoided 113
Payment of fines, arming vessels, and dealing in cer-
tificates issued for the purpose of war, to be tes-
tified against ih.
Fine or tax levied on account of militia laws, not to
be paid, however applied 114
See Sixth Query 90
See Advices after Queries 92
WOMEN'S MEETINGS 116
Care of the poor ih.
To make or alter any rule of discipline, men and
women Friends to unite 34
Proposals of marriage 116
Treatment with offenders 117
Admission or reinstatement into membership ih.
Concerns of ministers ih.
Appointment of elders 119
Service of preparative meetings ih.
Their Quarterly meetings 120
Certificates of ministers and their concerns ih.
Their Yearly Meeting 121
YEARLY MEETING 122
Account of its first establishment to the present time ih.
Committee on epistles 123
Letters or papers to be examined ih.
Extracts, to go to the subordinate meetings ih.
Certificates of Friends attending the meeting ih.