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ILLINOIS CENTRAL RAILROAD CO.
Rogers & Smith Co., Printers.
ILLINOIS CENTRAL RAILROAD COMPANY.
June 1st. 1899.
The following Enles and Instructions are issued for the
information and guidance of the employes of the Road
Department. They must be carefully studied and strictly
All rules and instructions, heretofore issued, incon-
sistent iDith those folloioing, are hereby revoked.
Ass't Second Vice-President.
Illinois Central Railroad Company.
Rules and Instructions
GOVERNMENT OF EMPLOYES
The stability of the track depends upon the strength and perma-
nence of the road-bed and structures upon which it rests ; what-
ever ^vili protect thein from damage or prevent premature decay
sliould be carefully observed. The worst enemy is AVATEK, and
the further it can be kept away from the track, or the sooner it
can be diverted from it, the better the track will be protected.
Cold is damaging only by reason of the «'ater ^vhich it freezes ;
therefore, the first and most important provision for good track
FOR SECTION FOREMEN.
1. It is expected that all new ditches will be cleaning for
dug, and all old ditches cleaned for the winter
season before the first day of Xovember of each
2. The direction of the ditches must in gen- Direction,
eral be parallel with the rails.
4 WULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT.
Shape and 3. The Outlines of the ditches must be clearly
drainage. t-t, •• i-i
deiinea, and m determining their shape and
depth at highest point \s^here the descent of the
ditch begins, section foremen must be guided
by the standard diagram, of which they are
furnished a copy. The ditches must be graded
so as to pass all water freely during the heaviest
rains, and to thoroughly drain the road-bed.
When the ditches as shown in diagram are too
small, they must be enlarged to the necessary
size outside the line of lowest point in ditch
shown in diagram, and must have a slope of not
less than one and one-half feet to one on the
side nearest the tract. Surface ditches must
be made outside the slopes of cats, leaving a
sufficient berme between the slope and the
ditch, wherever the general drainage of the
ground is toward the cut.
Disposition of 4. Earth taken from the ditches or elsewhere
^^^' ■ must be deposited upon the slopes of embank-
ments, and spread so as to preserve the general
inclination from the ballast and ties shown on
the standard sections.
Cross-drains. 5. Cross-draius must be put in wherever
Frequent ex- 6. Ditches, box-draius and culverts must be
amination. often inspected and cleared of all drift-wood
and trash. Masonry which has been washed or
undermined must receive prompt attention and
be reported at once to the Eoad Supervisor.
RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT. 5
7. Channels and streams for a considerable Keighboring
distance to the right and left of the road must
be frequently examined and cleared of brush,
drift and other movable obstructions.
8. Wherever the water washes the soil so as washing ai
n , , 1 i 1 i , 1 IP ends of cuts.
to approach too near the track, at the ends oi
cuts or other places,, special efforts must be
made by dams of brush, old ties or other neces-
sary methods, to stop such wash and to fill up
the washed places, so the banks will be of full
width, and have a slope of not less than one
and one-half feet to one from top to bottom.
.9. Ballast is used to give perfect drainage. Purpose of
to prevent upheaval by frost, to distribute the
bearing of the ties and to secure as uniform
support of the track as possible.
10. Before distributing any kind of ballast. Preparation
whether rock or gravel, the subgrade must be
properly prepared and banks widened so as to
secure good drainage and retain ballast. The
hanks slioidd never he tliroion up above the
hottom- of the ballast. Cuts should have ditches
carefully shaped to the proper section, and
always below the bottom of the old ballast, if
there be any, so as to give proper drainage.
11. Foremen, when preparing the subgrade conforming
for ballasting track, must be guided by the diagram"
RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT.
ILLINOIS CENTRAL R. R.
STANDARD TRACK SECTIONS.
CEMNTfflG GMmBALUSI OIEMBfflKMENT
COMSE fcLOOSE GRAVEL BALLAST IN CUT
.::.::::. :j..::. : 200^- ■ - - •
COARSE &LDOSE GRAVEL BALLAST flNEMB.V\KMEM
RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT.
Standard Track Sections
ILLINOIS CENTRAL R. R.
RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT.
ILLINOIS CENTRAL R. R.
STANDARD TRACK SECT ONS
RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT. 9
standard diagram, and stakes will be set for line
and surface by an engineer when practicable.
12. Roch ballast must always be broken out- The rock is to
side of the track, thrown in with forks and with forks,
firmly tamped Avith tamping picks. Shovels
must never be used for handling the broken
stone, as dirt will invariably get mixed with the
stone and start the ties churning, and also start
vegetation. The greatest care should be observed
to keep all ballast, gravel as well as stone, clean
and free from earth. The shoulder ballast should
be picked down to the bottom when necessary
and when clean thrown back with forks.
13. There should be a uniform depth of at Thickness of
least ten inches of clear broken stone under the
ties. The space between the ties should be filled
up even with, but never above the tops of the
ties. From twelve inches beyond the ends of the
cross-ties the ballast should be sloped evenly to
subgrade at the rate of one and one-half to one.
See Standard Sections.
14. G-ravel ballast should be of clear gravel,
free from loam or earth, and must be carefully
handled to prevent mixing with the earth of the
15. There should be a uniform depth of at Thickness of
least ten inches of gravel ballast binder the ties.
With coarse clean gravel the ballast must be put
in in the same manner as stone described in sec-
tion 13, except that the gravel shall extend
eighteen inches beyond the ends of ties instead
10 . RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT.
of twelve inches. With other gravel the ballast
must be put in with uniform slope from the
bottom of the end of tie to subgrade. See
c\o°s-ties'*^°^ ^^' ^^^^^'^ ^ 5'^^^^ bearing is oUained on gravel
or finely broken rock, the general surface must
not be raised until a new bed of gravel or rock
is needed ; and where ties are removed the bal-
last should be carefully taken out and put back,
instead of raising on it. Foremen must never
raise the general surface of the track in tunnels
Track jacks. The usc of track jacks on the inside of rail is
absolutely prohibited, and no excuse will be
accepted for a violation of this rule.
Not to use 17. Foremen will, under no circumstances,
uninspected j.- .e •^ i • i i - i
ties. use ties irom piles which have not been in-
spected and marked, except where necessary in
case of a wreck. In this event they will report
promptly to their Eoad Supervisor the location
of the pile, and the number of uninspected ties
used. Nor will foremen be allowed to use from
inspected tie piles on their section, except in
case of a wreck, or by direction of the Road
Supervisor, and such use must be at once
reported to the Supervisor.
Spacing ties. 18. On lines where Supported joints are used
a tie must be placed under the joint, and shoul-
der ties must be placed not more than ten inches
RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT. 11
distant from the joint tie; the remaining ties
should be spaced evenly between the shoulder
On lines where suspended joints are used joint
ties must be placed eight inches aj)art, or four
inches from the end of the rail to the inner
edge of the joint tie; the remaining ties should
be sjDaced evenly between the joint ties.
The largest and best ties are to be used as
joint ties, and the shoulder ties should be as
nearly as possible of the same size.
All ties must be laid at right angles to the
track and not put in obliquely to suit irregular
19. Cross-ties will be spaced as follows: Number of
. tics Dsr m il p
Eighteen ties to each thirty-foot rail and seven-
teen ties to each twenty- eight foot rail in the
On side tracks 2,640 ties per mile, or two feet
between centers. Special instructions modify-
ing this rule upon branch lines may be given.
20. The ends of all cross-ties must be lined Ends even on
true on the South or East side of the track; side, except
except on curves, where the line side will always
be on the inside of the curve. If the inside is
the North or West side, the line side will imme-
diately change to the South or East side of track
when the straight line is reached. Ties eight
feet long should be so placed in the track that
the distance from the lined end of the tie to the
. RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT.
outer flange of the rail shall be sixteen and one-
quarter inches. For ties nine feet long the dis-
tance from lined end of tie to outer flange of
rail should be twenty-two and one-quarter
inches. On double tracks the ties wall be lined
on the outside of both tracks regardless of
21. Cross-ties should never be notched; but
if necessary must be adzed, in order to obtain a
true and uniform bearing for the base of the
22. Heart sides of ties must always be turned
23. Every foreman will keep a supply of
wooden spikes in his hand-car house and with
his gang. The invariable rule must be to plug
every hole wherever a spike is drawn.
24. Shims. In case the action of frost or
mud makes it necessary to shim the track, it is
to be done in all cases on the tops of the ties.
The placing of lumber under the ties is forbid-
den except in case of accident, and in such cases
must be removed as soon as possible. If shims
more than one inch in thickness are used, holes
must be bored in them and spikes of extra
length used. When shims are removed, such
long spikes must be preserved in the tool-house
for future use.
Shims must be of same thickness throughout,
and not wedge-shajied.
RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT. 13^
25. Rails must never be unloaded while cars Unloading
. - - , and distribute
are m motion, except when an approved unload- ing.
ing device is used. The distribution of bars
over sections must be made carefully.
26. Iron shims, to separate the rails at the space betw'n
^ . . the ends of
joints, must always be used m laying track, rails.
Wooden chips xoill mi ansioer, and must not he
used. Standard iron shims are furnished by
Chief Engineer upon requisition. South of
Ohio River three thicknesses are to be used.
One-sixteenth of an inch for very hottest, one-
eighth for Spring or Fall, and three-sixteenths
for cold weather. On northern and western
lines a quarter-inch shim is added for the very
This rule must be carefully observed, as
many serious accidents have occurred by neg-
lecting this simijle method of making proper
allowance for expansion.
27. The rails must be laid with square joints supported
on straight track and with broken joints on
curves. The joint must be placed on the center
of the tie.
28. All rails adjoining others of different step-chairs-
^ - . and compro-
section must have a step-chair to bring the tops mise splices.
of the rails to the same level, and the rails
should be joined together with compromise
splices made to fit the different sections and
14 . RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT.
i n g s and
29. The joint fastening must he properly fut
i?id°es%nd ^'^ ^^'^''^ ^^^^ FULL number of bolts, nuts and
trestles. luctshers. JSfuts must ahvays be kept screived
up tight, and must be put on witli the flat side
turned in and resting on washer. A spike must
be driven in each slot, inside and out, if angle
bars are so slotted, except on bridges and
Where plain bars are not used on bridges and
trestles, spiking in slots or against the flanges
of rails, at the end of angle bars, will be care-
How many 30. All rails must be syilced full on main
how to drive track — four spikes to each tie — and every spike
must be driven home close, with a full hold upon
the rail. Spikes should be driven perpendicu-
larly, as the underside of the head of the spike
is formed with a view to driving it straight;
and no sjnker must lean a spike inioard or out-
ward to suit the swing of his maul. Spikes
must be driven straight and snug up against
the rail base. This should be accomplished by
driving carefully, and not by a last blow on the
spike to bend it over against the rail and give
it the appearance of a fit. The outside spikes
should be opposite each other and inside spikes
the same, and neither of them less than two
inches from the edge of tie.
Using drill 31. Steel rails must not be punched or slotted,
tionai bolt- but whcn necessary to make holes for bolts they
holes are re-
RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT. 15
must be drilled with the proper tools furnished
for that purpose.
32. Short rails are admissible only as a tern- short rails in
•^ . . main tracli.
porary expedient on tangents, and on inside of
curves, but never, under any circumstances, on
the outside of curves. No piece shorter than
fourteen feet should be used at all.
33. When new steel is laid it must be jjer- Alignment.
fectly lined and surfaced. No imperfection in
the alignment will be permitted.
34. Track-gauges in the possession of fore- Accurate
men will from time to time be compared by
Road Supervisor with the standard furnished
by the Eoadmaster.
35. The track must be laid to a perfect gauge widening of
on straight lines, and also on curves of four de- curves,
grees and under. For curves over four degrees
and under six degrees, the gauge should be
one-eighth of an inch wide. For curves of
six degrees and under eight, the gauge should
be one-fourth of an inch wide. For curves of
eight degrees and over, the gauge should be
one-half inch wide.
36. On all straight lines the tops of the rails Top of rails
must be level with each other, except the ap-
proaches to curves, as provided in rule 40.
37. Curves of the same degree should not Elevation
1 , . , , 1 , • T-i • outer rail on
always be given the same elevation, i^or m- curves, con-
stance: A four degree curve at the top of a sup'r about
long grade should not be elevated for the same curves."^
16 RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT.
speed as a fonr-degree carve at the bottom of a
long grade, as the speed of trains is almost in-
variably faster over the latter than the former.
TJie foreman, therefore, should consult the
Road Supervisor about the elevation of each
curve on his section, and get from him the
l^roper speed for which to elevate each curve.
How to find 38. To determine the degree of a curve,
curve. stretch a sixty-two foot line, with a small knot
at the center (which is thirty-one feet from
either end), on the running side of a well lined
curve. Measure the distance from the knot to
running side of rail, and every inch of this dis-
tance indicates one degree of curvature. Thus,
if the distance is two inches, the curve is a two-
degree curve; if it be four inches, the curve is
a four-degree curve, etc. The degree of curve
can also be determined by use of the table on
the following page.
RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT.
TABLE FOR FINDING CURVATURE OF TRACK.
PRATT, C. E.
To find Degree of Curve of Track, stand at joint on outside
curve, sight across gauge side of inside rail to where line
strikes outer rail and count joints back, or measure chord AC,
or arc ABC; degree of curve in table opposite either of these
distances is the one sought.
RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT.
39. Consult the table shown below for the
elevation of outer rail for each degree of curva-
ture for various speeds:
SPEED IN MILES PER HOUR.
41 " ■
Begin the eie- 40. The elevation at the beginning of a curve
straight track, should be as great as at any other part of it,
except at reverse points and where short tan-
gents occur between curves of opposite direc-
tions. To insure smooth runniug, especially for
trains at fast speed, the elevation must "com-
mence back on the straight line and continue
gradually until the curve is reached. The fol-
RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT. 19
lowing table shows how far from the beginning
of the curve the elevation should commence:
For 1 inch elevation, 50 feet back on the straight line.
<t ^ (I u 200 " " "
" 5 " " 250 " "
— increasing thus fifty feet for each inch of
In reverse curves the rails must be level with
each other at the reversing points; from the
reversing point the elevation must be carried in
either direction at the rate of one inch in fifty
feet. Where short tangents of insufficient
length to api^ly the foregoing table intervene
between curves of opposite direction the middle
of the tangent shall be the neutral point at
which the elevation in either direction shall
41. Old steel rail^ which has been replaced Disposition of
by new rail, will, if it is sufficiently good, be from track.
used again in the main track, but as far as prac-
ticable with other rail of the same pattern. If
it be not needed for immediate use, it will be
neatly stored at convenient places and not left
lying in the ditches.
42. All curves of three degrees and over will Rail braces
be braced. Rail-braces will be used on both in-
side and outside rails of curves to be braced and
will be placed on the same tie for both rails.
RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT.
Curves of from three to four degrees will
have three rail-braces to each rail ; curves of
from four to five degrees will have four rail-
braces to each rail ; from five degrees to six
degrees will have five rail-braces to each rail ;
from six to eight, six braces ; curves over eight
degrees must have rail-braces on every other
X o compro-
mise joint to
be near the
C; u a r d rail
43. Switches must be laid in conformity with
the standard plans furnished by the Chief
44. Where rail of a heavier pattern is used in
the main track than in the side-track, the main
line pattern must extend at least as far up the
side-track as the switch ties extend. In other
words, no compromise chairs or angle bars must
be placed on rails whose ends are on switch ties.
45. Every guard-rail opposite a frog will be
of the length shown on the standard drawings,
and it should be spiked and bolted parallel to,
and one and seven-eighths inches distant from
the rail in the main track throughout its entire
length, except four feet at each end, which will
be curved inward six inches.
46. Every guard rail shall have four cast
fillers and be held to position by bolts. Cast
washers to be under nut — all of which is
plainly shown on the standard drawings.
RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT.
t2'2 TIULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT.
Care of the 47, The most careful attention must be given
to the switches by the foremen and track-walk-
ers. All switches should work easily and have
no lost motion, and must be kejDt lined up
and to perfect surface at all times. Foremen
must notify supervisors at once when new
switches are jDut in, or old switches taken out ;
also whenever switches are spiked for any cause,
and when switches that have been spiked have
Keeper pins. 48. Keeper pins must always be itsed in con-
necting rod lolts.
Track walker 49. Track-walkers must never pass a switch
to e X a in i n e . . , /. • j 1 1 ^
switches. Without examining every part ot it careiully, to
see that all bolts are tight and in perfect order,
keeper pins in place, and that everything about
the switch is in perfect order. Switches and
frogs must be kept free from snow and ice.
Safety 50. Safety switches must be put on all sid-
ings where the grade does not descend from
main track, and on every track where there is
no agent to see that proper clearance is left.
This rule does not apply to regular passing
Switch lamps. 51. Switch lamps must be thoroughly cleaned
every day and filled with oil. A supply of clean
waste must be kept for the purpose of cleaning
lamps. Lamps must be lighted by "sun down"'
and not put out until "sun rise." On very
foggy evenings they must be lighted earlier and
RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT. 23
be left burning later on such mornings; but
this must be watched carefully and no nuneces-
sary oil consumed.
52. The head blocks of switches must be pead blocks
to be kept
kept firmly tamped at all times, or lamps will "'eii tamped,
be shaken out.
53. When lamps are placed on switches they Lighting and
1 1 fl -1 1 T T • i • r- 1 cleaning the
should not be left until the lighter is satisned switch lamps.
that the Avicks are at proper height to give a
good light and not to smoke. .
Do not .trim the wicks luith scissors, but
simply rub the finger over them and remove
the crust. This will give much better results.
In filling lamps care must be used not to fill
them too full, or when they are lighted the oil
will run down on the switch targets.
Lamp lighters must be careful and not put
their greasy hands on switch targets and disfig-
54. During heavy rain and wind storms, every watching
precaution must be taken to prevent accidents.
Each Section Foreman must be out, and have
with him a sufficient number of men, to insure
safety to trains. It may occur that washouts
cannot be prevented, but, by proper watching
on the part of Section Foremen and men, trains
can be kept from running into washouts. Men
going out to watch track, either in storms or for
24 -RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT.
ordinary track walking, must have with them
the necessary signals and torpedoes to stop trains.
During heavy rain storms, culverts and drains
must be inspected, and all drift material removed
Track walker. 55. The dutics of the Track Walker are next
in importance to those of the Foreman. Section
Foremen will be held responsible for seeing that
their section is walked and examined every morn-
ing. When a full force is being worked, the
Track Walker should start on his trip of inspec-
tion in a direction opposite to that in which the
remainder of the force go. He must carry proper
signals and torpedoes to stop trains when nec-
essary, and tools to properly secure the safety of
the track. He must also carefully examine
switches, frogs, bridges and fences, and report
promptly to his Foreman any defects that he
cannot fully repair. He must drive stock off
the right-of-way, and close farm gates.
Foremen to be 56. Foremen are required to pass over the
whole of their sections at least every alternate
day, and to observe particularly the condition
of the main track, switches, sidings, culverts,
cattle-guards, bridges, trestles and fences.
Mustbefamii- 57. They must always have with them the
iar with time- , . ■, -, 1, , ■, , p 1 • ^
card. latest time-table for the movement ol trains, and
- must understand its use, and know the time of
all trains at whatever point they may stop to
RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT. 25
58. Foremen must remove from bridges, watching
cattle-guards and trestles all combustible mat-
ter, examine particularly the tops of piers and
abutments, and remove all chips.
59. When necessary the sod must be removed cutting dead
from around the base of trestles, sign and mile around tres-
posts and other wooden structures so that the ^^^" ^°^ ^'
dry grass may not carry fire to them.
60. The grass, weeds and brush on the right- Burning dry
. r 1 1 ^ 1 • i.1 "" grass, weeds,
of-way must be burned as early m the season as and brush on
they become dry enough, and the right-of-way
must be kept clear of all rubbish, especially old
ties. Special care must be exercised to prevent
fires from extending to fences and adjoining
61. Foremen of repair gangs, as well as obstructing
1 . , , . •• J. • i. track in order
oridgemen and construction trains, must never to luake re-
obstrnct the track in any way whatever, without ^'"^*'
protecting themselves with the proper signals.
62. Eed signifies danger, and is a signal to Red signals.
stop. Eed signals must be used when the track
is obstructed so trains cannot pass. A red flag
by day and a red light by night must be placed
in the center of the track when trains cannot
pass the obstruction.
A green flag by day and a green light at night
placed beside the track, on the engineer's side,
indicates that the track is not in perfect order
and should be run over slowly. A white flag or
light denotes that the track is clear and in jjer-
26 »ULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT.
feet order. If red or green signals are required
they must be placed at least twenty-four tele-
graph poles in both directions from the obstruc-
tion, and firmly and conspicuously planted.
When a curve, the grade or condition of
weather makes it doubtful whether the train
can be stopped in running the distance covered
by twenty-four telegraph poles, the signals must
be displayed enough further to insure sufficient
distance to stop the train before reaching the
If an obstruction of the track occurs on curves
or grades so the danger signal cannot be seen by
the Foreman from the point where he is work-
ing, a man must be left with the signal.
In all cases the signal stafE must be so placed
as to fully display the whole fiag in windy or
Telegraph of 63. If from any cause the track becomes
impassable for trains, and the Section Foreman
cannot promptly repair the damage, he will at
once, after placing danger signals in both direc-
tions, telegraph the Train Master and Eoad
Supervisor, giving the nature and location of
obstruction, materials needed, etc.
Torpedoes. 64. An cxplosivc cap or torpedo placed on the
top of the rail is a signal to be used in addition
to the regular signals. The explosion of one
torpedo is a signal to stop immediately; the
explosion of two torpedoes is a signal to reduce
RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT. 27
speed immediately. These signals will be so
used by Section Foremen when necessary, and
at the same distance from obstructions as the
flag and light signals.
A sufficient number of torpedoes must be car-
ried at all times upon hand-cars to be used in
case torpedoes placed upon the track are ex-
ploded by hand-car passing over them, and as
an additional precaution as prescribed by the
Standard Transportation Eules.
65. Special trains or engines may pass over special trains
the road at any time without previous notice, at all times.
and Foremen must be prepared for them. Any-
thing that interferes with the safe passage of
trains is ah obstruction, and must not be
attempted without using the proper signals.
Employes are permitted to use the track for
making repairs to within twenty minutes of the
time of passenger trains, and ten minutes of
the time of freight trains ; but ahvays under the
2)rotection of the proper signal.
66, Foremen must carefully observe the sig- signals on
nals carried by trains, and be sure that all fol-
lowing trains, running on the same schedule,
have passed, before obstructing the track. They
must also watch all passing trains closely for
messages that may be thrown off, and signal
trainmen if they see anything wrong with the
"28 .RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT.
Cutting dead 67. All tvees whicli are in danger of falling
trees. '^ on the track during high winds should be cut
down. If not on the Company's property the
owner of the land should be consulted, and if
he objects, the facts should be reported and
w^i'tchmen ^^' Watchmen must be provided with the
for^i"na\'s"'^' P^'^P^^' l^i^^ips, flags and torpedoes for stopping
trains, and must be instructed how to use them.
Material piled 09. Whenever wood, cross-ties, lumber or
other material is piled along the track, notice
must be taken by Section Foremen that it is at
least seven feet from the rail. If found nearer,
it must be at once removed to the j^roper dis-
tance. Signal or mile-posts must not be placed
nearer the rail than twelve feet.
Every one to 70, Every Foreman having fewer tlian five
men ivill engage in his work j^ersonally, and
must require all laborers under him to faith-
fully perform their duties.
Requisitions 71. Scction Foremen, as well as Road Super-
f or material.
visors, will make requisition m writing for all
necessary material, such as cross-ties, spikes,
chairs, splices, bolts, nuts, washers, and tools,
and will hand them to their immediate superior
officer, together with their time-books, on the
night of the 27th of each month.
RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT. 2&'
72. Section Foremen will be held strictly Responsibility
. , , ,. . ' in regard to
responsible for all tools and material leit in material.
their charge. They must report promptly any
loss of the same to their immediate superior
officer. They will not be permitted to lend the
tools or material of the Company to any person
under any circumstances.
All material, new or old, must be kept locked
up in tool-houses, as far as possible, oi under
the eye of the Section Foreman.
73. Section Foremen will have care of and Responsible
for loose prop-
will be responsible for all loose property of the erty of Raii-
-■■ . road Co.
Company, such as wood, ties, lumber, scrap-
iron, etc., and will see that none of it is lost or
stolen, nor will they on their own resjionsibility
give anything awa}'.
74. All spikes in the track must he carefully ^'^k^g"^ "'^-
drawn witli the vieiv to use them again. No
old ties are to he thrown aside ivitli spikes left
in them. All old spikes which cannot he used
again must he carefully gathered up and taken
to scrap pile. In uncou'pling rails no tight nuts
or holts must he knocked off until hammer.
Tliey must he oiled and taken off luith a wrencli.
75. Tools needing repairs will be shipped to shipment of
the Company repair shop. Place a tag on each paired.
article showing to whom it is to be returned,
and send note giving advice of shijjment.
76. Foremen will not ship their hand-cars to shipment of
shops for repairs until the Road Supervisor has repairs.
30 • RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT.
inspected then and decided they need shop
work. But no foreman, either before or after
• advising the Road Supervisor of the bad condi-
tion of a hand-car, will use the same, if to do
so involves the risk of accident.
^vhere to put ;7. All scrap rails should be piled up at side
scrap iron. -^ x r
tracks ready for shipment.
Prompt action 73, In casc of an accident to a train the
dents occur, nearest Section Foreman will at once take his
whole force to the assistance of the train, even
if it is not on his own section. If notified of
broken rails or anything else needing immediate
attention on an adjoining section, he will at
once go and make the track safe for the passage
w horn to 79. When assisting a train delayed by an
obey. •= _ ^ J
accident, Section Foremen will act under the
direction of the Conductor until the arrival of
the Road Supervisor.
Watchmen at 80. In case of a wreck. Foreman must at
once appoint the necessary watchmen to pre-
vent freight or Company^s property from being
stolen. Said watchmen are to remain on duty
until the goods are removed.
Report of in- 81. In cases of injury of any kind, no matter
iuriGS ' *^ ,
how trivial, to any one in their employ. Fore-
men must immediately make a report by wire to
the Road Supervisor, and follow this as soon as
RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT. 31
possible with a written report. No Foreman
shall exercise his discretion as to what injury is,
or is not, important enough to be reported.
HAND AND PUSH CARS.
82. When hand or push-cars are not in careofcars.
actual use they must be lifted off the track and
placed entirely clear of passing trains. When
not within sight of the men they must be
locked, and no car shall be used without the
knowledge of the Section Foreman.
83. Loaded push-cars will not be run around Push-cars to
, 1 , , . J b e protected
curves on mam track, or where there is not a by red flags.
tangent of ^at least half a mile, except nnder
protection of red flags.
84. Hand or push-cars must never be at- Hand-car nev-
. 7 . er attached to
tached to a tram in motion. train.
85. Rails must not be carried on hand-cars. Rails not car-
„ ried on hand-
except in cases oi emergency. cars.
8G. Great care must be exercised when it is Use of cars in
, T -, -I 1 • J? foggy weather
necessary to use hand or push cars during loggy and at night.
weather or in the night. Foremen must always
accompany the cars.
8T. No car will be run at night or on Sun- Foremen re-
. £ J. 1 -4. m sponsible for
day, except in case or actual necessity. Cars cars,
must be kept under lock and key, and in no
case be used for jjersojial jnirposes, except by
special permission of the Supervisor, and then
only when accompanied by the Foreman.
32 • RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT.
Parties riding 88. Parties claimiuff to be oflficers of the
on hand-cars. , , , i it
roacl cannot be taken on liand-cars without an
order signed by the proper officer.
WATER-STATIONS DURING FREEZING WEATHER.
"Water stations 89. Durinff extremely cold weather, when
in cold weatli- .,• t,t no
er. Avater-stations are likely to suner by freezing,
Foremen on whose section a water-station is
located, if called iqion by the Supervisor of
Water- Works, will send a man to the tank, who
shall keep the station in such condition that
trains can take water at all times.
Assistance to 90. In all cases where called uj^on for aid by
telegraph line foremen of telegraph line repairs. Section Fore-
men will render prompt and cheerful assistance.
Neatness and 91. Nothing is more commendable in a Fore-
order on the ,t , it ■, ■ ,. »
section. man than neatness and order on his section. A
few hours devoted each week to cleaning up
and putting things in order around section tool-
houses, station grounds, etc., will give an air of
order to the section which will be complimented
by officers and travelers.
Notice boun- 92. Foremen will make themselves familiar
with all the boundary lines of the Company's
grounds on their respective sections, and see
that no person encroaches upon them.
No person is allowed to erect fences and
RULES OF THE EOAD DEPARTMENT. 33
buildings or otherwise occupy the Company's
grounds without special permit. Any such
action must be reported in a written statement
to the Eoad Supervisor, giving the name and
residence of the party, and all facts connected
with the encroachment.
93. Cross-ties in track j)artly burned by fire, Burned cross-
so that they are unsafe, must be at once re- and ex tin -
, , guishing fires.
94. All old ties, which are taken from the collect old
track, must be gathered up at the close of each
day and put in some convenient place for burn-
ing, or use as fuel or fence posts. When there
are stumps close by, pile around them and thus
get rid of bolh at one burning.
95. Foremen will pay particular attention to watch and re-
the telegra]Dh wires, and see that they are not «ires^ ^^^^^
obstructed or down on the ground. If broken
or crossed, they must be repaired at once and
notice sent to the nearest office by special mes-
96. All highway and farm crossings must be Road cross-
kept in the best jDossible repair, and not ob- ^"^^'
structed by any material. Foremen are spe-
cially directed not to leave hand or push-cars
97. All side-tracks must be maintained in side-tracks
IT J i.1 1 j.i? 1 . .• and platforms
good order, and the platforms and station m good order.
grounds should always present a cleanly appear-
3,4 * RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT.
Bright signals. 98. All switcli signals must be kept bright
and in good order.
Sod Hue. 99. The sod line will be neatly and accu-
ratel}^ cut ii m o feet from and parallel with the
center of the track on each side thereof.
Gatheiing up 100. Section forces must pick up each day
scrap-iron. . • i i i j.
any material dropped from engines or cars,
such as draw-bars, car-doors, brakes, bolts, nuts,
or other property belonging to the Company,
and take it to the tool-house, from whence it
will be shipped as directed.
Lost freight. 101. All packages or articles of freight that
may fall from any train must be taken to the
nearest station agent, who will forward them to
Use of check 103. The time roll book (form 1142) must be
ports, and written up every night for the day Just closed.
tliemin. The time of Foremen and men must be given
and the same distributed to each kind of work
performed, under the proper heading. Time
roll books (form 1142) as well as monthly re-
ports of all tools and materials received during
the month, must be handed by the Foreman to
the Supervisor on the night of the 27th of each
Discharge 103. When an employe is discharged, the
Foreman will make out and forward to the Road
Supervisor an application (form 1140) for a
RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT. 35
time-check, and endorse on the page of the
time-roll book opposite the name of the em-
ploye, '' Discharged, time given/' Upon receipt
of application for time-check, Eoad Supervisor
will certify to its correctness and forward at
once to the Roadm aster, who will issue time-
check and forward to the agent at the station
nearest the section for payment to the employe,
who must be identified by the Section Foreman.
In case the employe has not received pay for
work done in the previous month, the Eoad-
master will request the Paymaster, by wire,
giving the number of roll upon which the name
appears and the month, to forward the amount
due the discharged employe to the agent nearest
the section for payment to him. Time-checks
must never be issued by the Eoad master after
the rolls have left his hands.
104. Section Foremen will promptly report Report disre-
in writing to Supervisor any failure of train- nais.
men to respect their signals, and to answer the
same with the whistle, giving the number of
train and engine.
105. Section Foremen will report all acci- Report acci-
dents occurring on their sections, by telegraph graph.
to the Eoad Supervisor, as soon as possible,
according to special instructions, giving in brief
the nature of the accident. The telegram must
be followed by a full written re^jort, given or
sent by the Foreman to the Eoad Supervisor.
36 * RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT.
In cases of very serious accidents, requiring a
collection of forces and material, Foremen must
immediately rejjort by wire in full to the Super-
intendent and Eoadmaster.
Damage to 106. Foremen will promptly report all stock
killed or crippled by a train on their sections,
on proper blanks furnished them.
Damag^ by 107. An immediate report on proper form
must be made by the Section Foreman to the
Eoad Supervisor of all fences burnt, or other
property and material — whether belonging to
the Company or to private parties — destroyed
by fire originating from passing locomotives or
otherwise. The report should state the location,
the exact damage done, the linear feet of fenc-
ing destroyed, if any, and the name of the
owner of the property.
Report of 108. Broken rails must be at once reported
broken rail. ^^ ^^^^ Road Supervisor. State manufacturers*
marks on the rail, when laid, and when broken,
the nature of tlie break and its cause, and at
what part of the rail it occurred, and between
what mile posts, and whether on curve or tan-
gent, and what disposition is made of broken
rail, also condition of the road bed where break
General in- 109. Section Foremen must remember that
gardfng^^re" while their particular duty is to look after their
fion^men. ^^°" own sectious, to keep them in safe running order
RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT. 37
and to steadily imj)rove their condition^ they
must not fail to do everything to make the road
secure and to prevent accidents, even though
they may have to perform the duty of some other
110. The responsibility for the safe condition Responsibility
■■■ -^ for bridges.
of bridges and trestles rests upon the Section
Foremen, as well as upon the bridge department.
They will look after the lining and s|)iking of
the track on all bridges, as well as the condition
of the bank sills. They must also frequently
inspect tlje general condition of their bridges
and trestles, and if work is needed, report same
at once to their Koad Supervisor.
111. Section Foremen may discharge or sus- Power to dis-
1- charge and
peud from duty any employe under their con- employ men.
112. Section Foremen are not at liberty to strict disei-
•^ pliue and at-
excuse any neglect of their men in the perform- tent ion to
ance of duty.
113. Foremen must not engage more than Number of
, ° ..men to em-
the regular force allowed without permission pioy.
from the proper officer.
114. Employes of this department who leave Pay-day of
the service of the Company of their own accord leave the ser-
will not receive pay for their service until the
regular pay-day in the month following that in
wdiich they leave the service. Foremen must so
inform them before engaging them.
38 RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT.
Eegarding 115. Each Foreman will be provided with One
switch key, for which a receipt will be taken.
In case he does not return key when leaving
the service of the Company 50 cents will be de-
ducted from the amount due him. The same
deduction will be made should the Foreman lose
his key and still continue in the service.
Red shirts not 116, Trackmen must not wear red shirts as
to be worn. ■ , ^ -«
outer garments, as they may be mistaken tor
Use of com- 117. Xo Foreman or employe must take coal
panv"s coal. . «„ . „
from the cars in transit or from coal-bms. Fore-
men will see that this rule is obeyed, and
promptly report any violation of it.
For Conductors of Construction Trains.
118. The Conductors of all work trains are By whom se-
selected by the Koadmaster, subject to the ap- the extent of
proval of the Superintendent, and are respon- sibnu}\^*^°'^
sible for the safety and proper care of their
trains, for the good conduct of all the men em-
ployed thereon, and for any material entrusted
to their care, except when a separate foreman is
employed to work the men.
119. Conductors of work trains will be under conductors of
the immediate direction of the Eoad Supervisor
on whose section they are at work.
130. They must obey all orders for the safe connection
movement of their trains from the Train Master portation "de-
or Superintendent, and they must faithfully ^^^ ™^°''
observe all time-card rules.
121. No one except men employed on the Passengers on
trains, or an officer of the road, will be per- trains.
mitted to ride on construction trains.
132. Conductors of work trains must see that condition of
all the ditching and boarding cars are in good
running order ; that the boarding cars are neat
and clean at all times, and that good, substan-
tial food is furnished to the men.
•rules of the road department.
Business i n-
C'ondu c t or s
must not give
away or sell
fuel or mate-
■\\' h e r e the
be at night.
1"23. They must study the rules and instruc-
tions issued to all track and bridge men, and
fully familiarize themselves with all kinds of
work pertaining to the maintenance of track.
124. The greatest care must be taken in
unloading material. Steel or iron rails must
never be unloaded while cars are in motion,
except when approved unloading devices are
used. In unloading new steel rails, car initials
and numbers must be written down in memo-
randum book, and number and lengths of all
rails on each car carefully recorded and re-
135. Conductors must not give or sell any
employe or other person coal or material Avith-
out a proper order.
126. Conductors must make such daily re-
ports as are directed by the Koadmaster, and
wire him daily the number of men employed
and amount of work done.
127. On each day they must send to the
Eoad Supervisor a report of all the delays ex-
perienced during that day on account of not
receiving orders promptly, or from other causes.
128. From the first day of December to the
first day of March they must ahvays spend the
night at a telegraph station; and observe the
same rule during the rest of the year when it
can be done without losing time.
RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT. 41
129. Whenever Conductors of construction Howtospeud
J • 1 11 , 1 • 1 ii • •, time while
trams have delays at a station, whether m wait- waiting for
o rd 6 r s
ing for orders or from other causes, they must
keep the whole force employed. There is no
]Dlace on the line where some kind of work is not
needed, and no time will be Avasted by a good
Conductor. When delays occur the men should
be set to work on sidings, at cleaning station
grounds, weeding, ditching, ballasting, or what-
ever work is mostly needed.
130. In case of an accident to a train they Prompt relief
.,, . . 11 1 1 after au acci-
will give assistance as soon as called upon by dent and what
the Superintendent or Train Master, and they
must do everything in their power to facilitate
the quick and safe passage of trains.
131. A natural eagerness to get the track careful hand-
1 X , 1 1 * -1 1 ling of freight
clear must not lead to the unnecessary rough at wrecks.
or careless handling of freight at wrecks.
132. When wrecked cars are burned the num- Kumbers of
bers and initials must be carefully noted and
reported to the Eoadmaster and Train Master.
133. Conductors must report at once in Report insuf-
writing to the Eoad Supervisor whenever inade- power,
■quate motive power or incomjoetent enginemen
are furnished them.
For Road Supervisors.
Extent of 134. Eoad Supervisors are held responsible
for the safe-keeping of their sections, and will
have immediate charge of all the Foremen and
road watchmen, and are authorized to discharge
such employes for neglect of duty. They will,
howevei', in case an accident results from the
negligence of an employe, report the case, before
discharging him, to the Roadmaster.
Discharge of 135. In reportinff the discharge of a Foreman,
they will give the cause of same, so that a
record of the man's standing may be kept for
future reference. A discharged Foreman is not
to be re-employed on another division of the
road without permission from the Chief En-
gineer, Should a discharged Foreman desire
an investigation, he can present his case to the
general office, through the Road Supervisor,
and it will be considered.
Audit and col- 136. They will carcfully scc that the time of
books. ^ the men and the rate of pay are correctly
reported and properly classified on the check-
They will note the time each Foreman is
RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT. 4S
absent from work, and make proper deductions
137. Each Eoad Supervisor must walk over close atten-
a portion of his section every day, and go over division.
the whole section on a hand-car or on foot, at
least once a month. Passenger trains must be
used by them during working hours only in case
They must spend most of their time out on
the road, and see that Foremen and laborers
fully understand and perform their duties.
They must also cai-efully examine every
switch upon their respective sections at least
once every month, and make a written rejDort of
the condition of each switch to the Eoad master
after each examination.
138. They must pay strict attention to the ^^otice the
•^ -^ '' condition o f
proper adiustment and alignment of the track, track and use
n 1 . , n 11 . , of material.
and to the economical use of all material.
139. They must personally observe alignment Alignment of
and elevation 07i curves, and must instruct Fore- v a t i"o n on
men about the proper elevation for every curve
on their sections.
140. They must also frequently examine the Track gauges,
track-gauges, and compare them with the stand-
ard furnished by the Roadmaster.
141. They should be thoroughly posted in Famiiiarity
regard to the right-of-way and other land lines.
boundaries on their respective sections, and
keep constant watch against encroachment by
^4 tlULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT.
Number of 142. They should keep a memoraudum of
men at work '' ^
to be known, the niimber of men at work on each section,
and compare with the reports returned by the
Requisitions 143. All requisitions for materials, such as
I o r material ^ '
and receipts cross-ties, spikes, cliairs, splices, bolts, nuts,
for same. i ^ r ' ' )
washers, tools, etc., must be made in writing to
the Roadmaster, and receipts for material re-
ceived must be sent to the Roadmaster.
ci-oss-t?es " ^ 144. Supervisors will personally examine
their track in the month of October each year
and ascertain the number of cross-ties required
on each mile, and the number of cross-ties and
switch-ties required in each siding for the
ensuing year, and make report of same, before
the fifteenth of November, to the Roadmaster.
Examine 145, Each year during the month of Novem-
rails. _ -' ®
ber, Supervisors will personally examine all
rails in main track and make a report to the
Roadmaster, giving the number of perfect rails,
number of rails fit for cutting and drilling for
future use in main track, and number of rails
worn out and fit only for mill, on each mile.
Switch-keys 146. Road Supervisors will see that each
for Foremen. . ^ .
Foreman is supplied with one switch-key and
gives a written receij)t for the same. In case
the key is lost or not returned when the Fore-
man leaves the service of the Company, fifty
cents will be deducted from the amount then
due the Foreman. They will make the jDroper
RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT. 45
endorsement res^^ecting the switch-key on tlie
147. When the Foreman is discharged or Require from
° Foreman a n
leaves the service of the Companv, the Road account of
Supervisor must make out a correct hst ot tools
on hand. He will note all tools missing or^not
accounted for, and send such report to the
Roadmaster^.so that the proper settlement can
be made. In such a case he will write on the
discharge ticket, "Tools not accounted for as
148. Road Supervisors will have charge and conuection
. 1 J. 1 , , , . , . 1-1 w i t h c o n -
control 01 all construction trams while at work st ruction
on their respective sections, unless otherwise
arranged, and will personally see to the proper
distribution of all material for use of their
149. In case of accidents on their sections, Report of ac-
they will send the reports of the Section Fore- personal a t -
man and their own reports to the Roadmaster.
On being notified of a wreck they will imme-
diately 23roceed to it and take charge of all
trackmen. All wrecked freight must be care-
fully handled, and initials and numbers of
wrecked cars noted and reported to the Road-
master and Trainmaster.
Supervisors must keep their Roadmasters
advised of their whereabouts and probable
46 RULES OP THB ROAD DEPARTMENT.
Company's 150. Houses furiiislied for laborers will be
borers^. ' occupied by those employed on the road, and
no one else will be permitted to use them with-
out authority from the proper officer. Road
Supervisors must give close attention to this.
Distribute 151. All printed circulars, instructions, and
structions. "* orders to Section Foremen or watchmen must
be delivered in person by the Road Supervisor,
who will read and explain the same to all his
Foremen, and then tack up in a conspicuous
place in the tool-house of the section.
Use of signals 152. Road Supervisors must see that all the
ed tx) s'ubordi- rules for signals with flags and torpedoes, and
other instructions, are understood and obeyed
by every man in their employ; and that all their
Foremen and watchmen are supplied with time-
tables and watches while on duty. They must
compare time with their Foremen frequently.
Unnecessary 153. Road Supcrvisors will instruct their
use of the tele- t-, , -j ii t ^-^
graph. Foremen to avoid all unnecessary use ot the
Company's telegraph, especially for material.
The telegrapli is only to be used in cases of
emergency, or when delay would involve a loss
to the Company.
Telegraphing for material can usually be
avoided if the Foremen will inform themselves
ahead as to what material they will need, asking
for same by letter.
Rules and Instructions for the Bridge Department.
154. The Foreman of each gang will report
to the Supervisor of Bridges in general charge
of the Division or District — the Bridge Super-
visor reporting to the Roadmaster. The Road-
master shall report to the Division Superintend-
ent, and the Division Superintendent to the
Assistant General Superintendent. The As-
sistant General Superintendents will report t6
the Chief Engineer in all matters pertaining
to bridge structures. The Superintendent of
Bridges and the Engineer of Bridges will act
immediately under the directions of the Chief
Engineer; they will have special charge of all
truss bridges, and will keep records of the con-
dition of all trestle and pile bridges and minor
structures, and will have general charge of all
renewals and repairs.
All renewals of pile and trestle bridges, cul-
verts, etc., shall be made in accordance with
standard plans approved by the Chief Engineer.
All renewals and repairs of truss bridges shall
be made in accordance with plans prepared by
48 RULES OF THE BRIDGE DEPARTMENT.
the Engineer of Bridges, approved by the Chief
Engineer, and will generally be executed by the
Superintendent of Bridges with forces directly
under his control. Minor repairs will be made
in accordance with rules hereinafter specified.
155. DiKECTIONS FOR EeNUMBERING
Bridges : The system of renumbering bridges
on the Illinois Central System, including all
branches, will be as follows :
An individual number shall be given to each
bridge — including under the general term of
"bridge" all truss bridges, trestle and pile
bridges, cattle passes and open culverts, arch,
pipe and box culverts, all overhead bridges,
either for wagon roads or railroads, and gen-
erally all structures of the nature of bridges
which have to be maintained by this Company,
whether in or adjacent to the track; excluding
cattle guards, drains' in ditches and small
stringer bridges for farm crossings.
But one number shall be given to any struc-
ture, no matter how many spans or openings
it may have, or what may be the character or
length of its approaches. Where there are two
or more bridges in adjacent tracks over the
same stream or passage-way, but one number
shall be used ; but if the tracks are separated
and the structures are distinct, a distinguishing
letter, such as A, B, C, if there are several
tracks, or the initial letter of the proper point
RULES OF THE BRIDGE DEPARTMENT. 49
of the compass, E. or W., N. or S., shall be
used to distinguish the structures.
The numbers to be given shall be the same as
those on the mile posts on the Division or Dis-
trict. These numbers, except on the main line
from Chicago to New Orleans, shall be prefixed
by certain letters, generally those which are
given in the Official List, to distinguish the
stations on the several Divisions or Districts.
In addition to these letters and numbers, there
shall be added two figures indicating the dis-
tance from the last mile post to the center of
the structure in hundredths of a mile, these
last two figures being separated from the num-
ber indicating the mile post by a hyphen, instead
of a decimal point.
Whenever it is possible, the numbers shall be
painted in black on a white ground in the style
shown by standard blue prints. These shall be
painted on short ties placed between the regular
ties and extending about two feet beyond them,
held in |)lace by the rail and by a small bolt
fastening them to the guard rail. The pro-
jecting ends of these ties shall be beveled on
each face and the numbers painted thereon, so
as to be read from either direction along the
Where the above method of numbering can-
not be used, a 6 x 6 post about 6 feet long shall
be set on the same side of the track as the mile
50 llULES OF THE BRIDGE DEPARTMENT.
posts, and about 6 to 8 feet from the rail, with
one corner of the post toward the track, and
the numbers shall be painted on the two faces
of this post next the track, so as to read from
the top downward.
Truss bridges may have the numbers painted
on the end posts, or on number boards or plates
to be attached thereto. In all cases the style
of the numbering shall be uniform, all letters
and figures being four inches long by approxi-
mately two inches wide, and of style illustrated
on blue prints above referred to.
The initial letters and mile post numbers to
be used on the several divisions, districts and
branches are as follows :
RULES OF THE BRIDGE DEPARTMENT.
No. with miles
initial, uumber, from Chicago, 111.
So. Chicago .Jet. ,111.
Kast St. Louis, 111.
Aberdeen Jet. , Miss
towards New Orleans, La to 912
( 'entralia, 111 to 273
So. Chicago, 111 to 5
Mona, la to 81
Springfield, 111 to 112
1 Jloomington, 111 to 81
Minonk Jet, 111 to 45
Faducah, Ky to 162
Aberdeen, Miss to 109
Granada, Miss to 494
Durant, Miss. " Tchula, Miss to 26
Memphis, Tenn. " New Orleans, La to 455
Jackson, Miss. " Parsons, Miss Otolln
Champaign, 111. '• Havana, III to 101
White Heath, 111. " Decatur, 111 to 31
West Lebanon, Ind.
Blue Island Jet, 111.
So. Addison, 111.
60th St., Chicago
Stacy ville Jet,, la.
Horse Branch, Ky.
Johnston City, 111.
Coke Ovens, 111.
Le Roy, 111 Oto 74
Madison, Wis to 62
Sioux Falls, Dak Oto 97
Onawa, la Oto 61
Dodgeville, Wis Oto 65
Sioux City, la to 510
Tracy, 111 to 10
Cedar Rapids, la Oto 42
Blue Island, 111 Oto 4
Addison, 111 to 2
Wash. Park Club to 1
Stacy ville, la Oto 8
Hopkinsville, Ky to 130
Hodgenville, Ky to 17
Owensboro, Ky Oto 41
Uniontown, Ky Oto 7
Troy, Tenn to 5
Huutington, Miss Oto 22
Woudville, Miss Oto 41
Clinton, la Oto 8
Moorhead, Miss Oto 42
Glen Allen, Miss Oto 2
Eagle Nest, Miss Oto 19
Natchez, Miss Oto 98
Riverside, Miss to 126
Kimbrell Lake, Miss. to 16
Philipp, Miss Oto 44
Mounds City, 111 Oto —
E. Carondelet, 111 to 16
Eldorado, 111 Oto 60
Gale, 111 Oto 5
E. Cape Girardeau ,111.0 to 74
Harrison, 111 to 4
Note. — Where mile posts are already set on branches and are numbered
from either of the termini of the main line, bridges shall be numbered to cor-
respond to the existing mile post numbers, and not as noted above.
O'J RULES OF THE BRIDGE DEPARTMENT.
Division Of 156. Eacli Bridge Foremau shall be assigned
work aud iu- . tj-.i • t n -i t •
speciion. to a giveii distnct^ naving denned limits, and
shall be held responsible for the condition of
the structures on his district. He shall make
personal examination of all the structures on
his district at least once every thirty days, and
shall report in writing, on proper blanks, all
structures needing repairs.
Urgent re- 157. Each Bridge Foreman is authorized to
make necessary immediate repairs on any struc-
ture which he may find to be in a dangerous
condition, reporting the same promptly to his
Ordinary re- 158. Eacli Supci'visor of Bridges shall make
a comj)lete examination of all structures on his
district once in six months, and shall make
thereafter a complete report to his superior,
giving a careful estimate of the work necessary
to be done during the next six months, stating
the quantity of each kind of material necessary
for each structure. This report and estimate
shall cover the regular work on each district,
and, when requisitions are duly made and ap-
proved for the work, the ordinary repairs shall
be carried on without further directions from
superiors, the: work being done in accordance
with the standard plans furnished from the
Chief Engineer's office.
All material shall be carefully checked, and
errors in shipments promptly reported, so that
RULES OF THE BRIDGE DEPARTMENT. 53
no delay to the work shall be occasioned by lack
of necessary material. One piece of work shall
be completed before going to another, except in
cases of emergency, when work left unfinished
must always be put in a perfectly safe condition
for the passage of trains.
Worthless material removed from structures
undergoing repair shall be burned (all fire being-
extinguished before leaving the work) or it shall
be placed on the down-stream side of the open-
ing from which it was removed. Sound mate-
rial, together with all bolts, washers, etc., shall
be piled conveniently for shijjment.
159. In case of storms, Bridge Foremen shall Extraordinary
be on duty, and shall, where possible, place
themselves in communication with telegraph
stations. They must assure themselves that the
structures on their several districts are not being
damaged, and shall take all needful precautious
for the safety of trains.
In case of damage by storm or by fire, which
may endanger or prevent the passage of trains,
each Bridge Foreman shall promptly notify his
superior officer, and also the Local or Division
Trainmaster, and shall at once take measures
to stop trains, if necessary, and to repair the
In case of two or more bridge gangs being
called to repair a damaged structure, in the
absence of a superior, the Foreman on whose
5-i RULES OF THE BRIDGE DEPARTMENT.
district the work is being done shall have gen-
eral charge of the same, unless orders are given
to the contrary.
The Division Eoadmaster, or Bridge Super-
visor, shall take personal charge of the more
important repairs in case of wrecks or damage
by storms, fire, etc., and shall notify the Chief
Engineer of the same, and call to his aid any of
the district bridge gangs he may see fit.
Details of in- 160. Examine masonry for signs of settle-
spec ion. nient or of bulging or tipping over. Examine
pedestal stones for crushing or splitting. See
if masonry needs pointing.
Take soundings, and compare Avith former
records, to note scouring around piles or abut-
ments. Bridge watchmen should do this, when
there are any.
See that nuts on floor beam hangers are
screwed to a bearing, and check the threads to
See that laterals are not loose, but do not put
heavy strains on them.
Do not attempt to adjust the other members
of a truss bridge, either of wood or of iron,
without being directed by the Superintendent
of Bridges, personally.
Keep the roller ends of spans free from any-
thing that would hinder the movement of the
rollers. Watch the action of truss spans under
RULES OF THE BRIDGE DEPARTMENT. 55
moving trains, and report any undue lateral or
Examine timber and piles for decay by boring.
Test the latter at the ground line for evidences
of rot. Tighten nuts on trestle work, and pay
special attention to replacing missing guard rail
bolts and nuts.
161. Barrels filled with water shall be kept Precautious.
on all long trestle and bridge spans. Buckets
also shall be kept in the same.
Grass and weeds shall be cut away from
around pile and trestle bents.
Drift shall be removed from all trestles,
bridges, and culverts.
Tunnels shall be examined for loose rocks,
linings, etc. Signal rules and time-cards shall
be studied and strictly observed.
Have signal flags and torpedoes for warning
trains of dangerous structures or work under
Handle work so as to delay regular trains as
little as possible, and pay attention to signals
they may carry for extras.
Check time frequently with train men and at
162. In addition to the regular inspection Reports.
reports already referred to, each Bridge Foreman
shall report in writing any accident or failure of
any structure-under his charge, giving date and
cause of same.
56 R^LES OF THE BRIDGE DEPARTMENT.
In case of detention of traffic, he shall report
the date and hour when traffic was stopped, and
also when same was restored, with cause of de-
Each Foreman shall make a ''Completion
Report" of every piece of work, giving list of
material used, cost of labor performed, and
general descri|)tion of the work done. This
report shall he made immediately after the job
Forms for re- 163. Certain forms kept in stock by the Sta-
tioner shall be used for bridge reports ; they are
Form 1170 is a bridge foreman's daily report,
in postal card style.
Form 1171 is a weekly time report.
Form 1172 is a foreman's completion report.
Form 1184 is a monthly inspection re23ort of
bridges and culverts.
In addition to the above, two large blank
forms, numbered 1180 and 1182, have been
prepared for bridge records, instructions for
using which are as follows:
Form 1180 is designed for records of frame
and pile trestles, and form 1182 is designed for
records of culverts, tunnels, overhead bridges,
Roadmasters will order these blanks from the
Stationer in such quantities as may be required,
identifying them by the form number.
RULES OF THE BRIDGE DEPARTMENT. 57
As soon as possible after receiving these
blanks, each Eoad master will cause to be made
out a complete list of all bridge structures on
his division, giving to each the new number,
with its proper initial prefixed in accordance
with the instructions recently sent out from
this office for renumbering bridges. In making
this list, the new numbers are to be placed in
the marginal space at the left, and the old num-
bers at the right in the column headed " Re-
marks." Enter up under each column the infor-
mation called for by the printed headings,
occupying space enough for each structure on
the blank r.eport to give all desired information,
using several lines if necessary.
These blanks are punched with holes on the
left-hand margin, by means of which they can
be filed in a binder. Each Roadmaster will be
furnished with one of these binders, and will
make requisition on the Stationer for sufficient
blanks so that he may keep a record of the
bridge structures on his division. For this
record, one sheet may be used for each bridge.
For the report to the Chief Engineer, as many
structures may be entered u^son a single sheet
as can be done distinctly, as the record will be
transcribed in the Chief Engineer's office into
similar record books to those which are to be
kej)t in each Roadmaster's office.
In this report to the Chief Engineer, it is
58 RULES OF THE BRIDGE DEPARTMENT.
essential to know as nearly as possible the age
and present condition of each structure, and
the year when the structure was built or rebuilt
should be stated in the column headed " Date
repairs were completed."
These blanks are also designed for periodical
reports, that is, either quarterly, semi-annually,
or annually as may be hereafter required ; in
this case the columns under the heading "In-
spection and estimates," and the note in red
under ''Eemarks" are to be observed and used.
At least once in each year, or oftener, if re-
quired, a complete statement shall be made of
the bridges needing repairs, giving in each
column, under the proper printed heading, the
number of pieces of each kind needing renewal,
and, in the proper columns, an estimated cost
of the work for labor and materials.
At the end of every quarter, namely, March
31st, June 30th, September 30th, and December
31st, each Eoadmaster shall make a complete
report of all work done during the quarter,
stating, as nearly as may be, the material of the
several kinds nsed, and the actual cost of labor
and materials. The blank forms described are
designed to be used for these completion reports.
Each Eoadmaster shall enter up on his office
record all inspection reports and estimates of
renewals needed, and also all completion reports
and statements of the actual cost of work done.
RULES OF THE BRIDGE DEPARTMENT. 59
thus keeping in his office a copy of all reports
sent to the Chief Engineer.
All such reports sent to the Chief Engineer
will be entered up in the records which are to
be kept in the office of the Chief Engineer, so
that the result should be that the Chief Engi-
neer's record should correspond in all respects
to the individual records kept by each Eoad-
164. Eoadmasters and Supervisors of Bridges
may issue such further rules for the government
of their subordinates as they may deem neces-
sary, provided they do not conflict with the
RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT.
Bills of Switch Ties for Double Throw Split Switches.
All Oak Switch Ties 6" x 10"; Cypress 7" x 10".
Headbloeks are included in Bills.
Ko. 10, No. 10 and No. 7,
No. 8, No. 8 and No. 6
8' and 8' 6"
8' and 8' 6"
. . . ■
4955. 4 ~
RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT.
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