(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Rules of the road"



^* 



" <^ : 



^ 



^^> r 



* /. 









■r;r"'rrrjrr-^^ 



y* 






, A^,1^^ 






^:;:OF THE| 






/• t * y y . 



'yAr^.. "*' ».rJ^ 



MM 



j^^^Hg^gjIlP^IIH^^ 


Rare Book Room 






AT CARBONDALE 

Morris Library 



Z/Gf2092Ul 




rl^^ 



-¥ %'^ 












^c^ 












Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2010 with funding from 

CARLI: Consortium of Academic and Research Libraries in Illinois 



http://www.archive.org/details/rulesofroadOOilli 



ILLINOIS CENTRAL RAILROAD CO. 



RULES 



ROAD DEPARTMENT. 



CHICAGO : 

Rogers & Smith Co., Printers. 

1899. 



ILLINOIS CENTRAL RAILROAD COMPANY. 



GENERAL OFFICE, 

CHICAGO, ILL. 

June 1st. 1899. 

The following Enles and Instructions are issued for the 
information and guidance of the employes of the Road 
Department. They must be carefully studied and strictly 
obeyed. 

All rules and instructions, heretofore issued, incon- 
sistent iDith those folloioing, are hereby revoked. 



Chief Engineer. 
APPBOVED: 




Ass't Second Vice-President. 



APPBOVED : 




^\MaA^aJtcL.>^^A^^ 



Second Vice-President. 



Illinois Central Railroad Company. 



Rules and Instructions 

FOR THE 

GOVERNMENT OF EMPLOYES 

OF THE 

ROAD DEPARTMENT. 



The stability of the track depends upon the strength and perma- 
nence of the road-bed and structures upon which it rests ; what- 
ever ^vili protect thein from damage or prevent premature decay 
sliould be carefully observed. The worst enemy is AVATEK, and 
the further it can be kept away from the track, or the sooner it 
can be diverted from it, the better the track will be protected. 
Cold is damaging only by reason of the «'ater ^vhich it freezes ; 
therefore, the first and most important provision for good track 
is drainage. 



FOR SECTION FOREMEN. 

DITCHING. 

1. It is expected that all new ditches will be cleaning for 
dug, and all old ditches cleaned for the winter 

season before the first day of Xovember of each 
year. 

2. The direction of the ditches must in gen- Direction, 
eral be parallel with the rails. 



4 WULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT. 

Shape and 3. The Outlines of the ditches must be clearly 

drainage. t-t, •• i-i 

deiinea, and m determining their shape and 
depth at highest point \s^here the descent of the 
ditch begins, section foremen must be guided 
by the standard diagram, of which they are 
furnished a copy. The ditches must be graded 
so as to pass all water freely during the heaviest 
rains, and to thoroughly drain the road-bed. 
When the ditches as shown in diagram are too 
small, they must be enlarged to the necessary 
size outside the line of lowest point in ditch 
shown in diagram, and must have a slope of not 
less than one and one-half feet to one on the 
side nearest the tract. Surface ditches must 
be made outside the slopes of cats, leaving a 
sufficient berme between the slope and the 
ditch, wherever the general drainage of the 
ground is toward the cut. 
Disposition of 4. Earth taken from the ditches or elsewhere 
^^^' ■ must be deposited upon the slopes of embank- 

ments, and spread so as to preserve the general 
inclination from the ballast and ties shown on 
the standard sections. 
Cross-drains. 5. Cross-draius must be put in wherever 

necessary. 
Frequent ex- 6. Ditches, box-draius and culverts must be 
amination. often inspected and cleared of all drift-wood 
and trash. Masonry which has been washed or 
undermined must receive prompt attention and 
be reported at once to the Eoad Supervisor. 



RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT. 5 

7. Channels and streams for a considerable Keighboring 
distance to the right and left of the road must 

be frequently examined and cleared of brush, 
drift and other movable obstructions. 

8. Wherever the water washes the soil so as washing ai 

n , , 1 i 1 i , 1 IP ends of cuts. 

to approach too near the track, at the ends oi 
cuts or other places,, special efforts must be 
made by dams of brush, old ties or other neces- 
sary methods, to stop such wash and to fill up 
the washed places, so the banks will be of full 
width, and have a slope of not less than one 
and one-half feet to one from top to bottom. 



BALLAST. 

.9. Ballast is used to give perfect drainage. Purpose of 
to prevent upheaval by frost, to distribute the 
bearing of the ties and to secure as uniform 
support of the track as possible. 

10. Before distributing any kind of ballast. Preparation 
whether rock or gravel, the subgrade must be 
properly prepared and banks widened so as to 

secure good drainage and retain ballast. The 
hanks slioidd never he tliroion up above the 
hottom- of the ballast. Cuts should have ditches 
carefully shaped to the proper section, and 
always below the bottom of the old ballast, if 
there be any, so as to give proper drainage. 

11. Foremen, when preparing the subgrade conforming 
for ballasting track, must be guided by the diagram" 



RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT. 



ILLINOIS CENTRAL R. R. 

STANDARD TRACK SECTIONS. 




, i:jv.5-'g5i^igy^;'^5-a^_ 




CEMNTfflG GMmBALUSI OIEMBfflKMENT 




COMSE fcLOOSE GRAVEL BALLAST IN CUT 

28'o:'-- 

.::.::::. :j..::. : 200^- ■ - - • 

COARSE &LDOSE GRAVEL BALLAST flNEMB.V\KMEM 




CJiiet Engineer 
July: 1899 



RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT. 



Standard Track Sections 
ILLINOIS CENTRAL R. R. 

6:^8.36 T/ES 




W^/vred b^ 



i&co<.^^,j^ £^^^i'~Tpt^<- 



RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT. 



ILLINOIS CENTRAL R. R. 

STANDARD TRACK SECT ONS 




ctuef Engineer 
July: JS99 



RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT. 9 

standard diagram, and stakes will be set for line 
and surface by an engineer when practicable. 

12. Roch ballast must always be broken out- The rock is to 
side of the track, thrown in with forks and with forks, 
firmly tamped Avith tamping picks. Shovels 

must never be used for handling the broken 
stone, as dirt will invariably get mixed with the 
stone and start the ties churning, and also start 
vegetation. The greatest care should be observed 
to keep all ballast, gravel as well as stone, clean 
and free from earth. The shoulder ballast should 
be picked down to the bottom when necessary 
and when clean thrown back with forks. 

13. There should be a uniform depth of at Thickness of 
least ten inches of clear broken stone under the 

ties. The space between the ties should be filled 
up even with, but never above the tops of the 
ties. From twelve inches beyond the ends of the 
cross-ties the ballast should be sloped evenly to 
subgrade at the rate of one and one-half to one. 
See Standard Sections. 

14. G-ravel ballast should be of clear gravel, 
free from loam or earth, and must be carefully 
handled to prevent mixing with the earth of the 
roadbed. 

15. There should be a uniform depth of at Thickness of 
least ten inches of gravel ballast binder the ties. 

With coarse clean gravel the ballast must be put 
in in the same manner as stone described in sec- 
tion 13, except that the gravel shall extend 
eighteen inches beyond the ends of ties instead 



10 . RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT. 

of twelve inches. With other gravel the ballast 
must be put in with uniform slope from the 
bottom of the end of tie to subgrade. See 
Standard Sections. 

c\o°s-ties'*^°^ ^^' ^^^^^'^ ^ 5'^^^^ bearing is oUained on gravel 
or finely broken rock, the general surface must 
not be raised until a new bed of gravel or rock 
is needed ; and where ties are removed the bal- 
last should be carefully taken out and put back, 
instead of raising on it. Foremen must never 
raise the general surface of the track in tunnels 
ivhen surfacing. 

Track jacks. The usc of track jacks on the inside of rail is 
absolutely prohibited, and no excuse will be 
accepted for a violation of this rule. 

CROSS-TIES. 

Not to use 17. Foremen will, under no circumstances, 

uninspected j.- .e •^ i • i i - i 

ties. use ties irom piles which have not been in- 

spected and marked, except where necessary in 
case of a wreck. In this event they will report 
promptly to their Eoad Supervisor the location 
of the pile, and the number of uninspected ties 
used. Nor will foremen be allowed to use from 
inspected tie piles on their section, except in 
case of a wreck, or by direction of the Road 
Supervisor, and such use must be at once 
reported to the Supervisor. 

Spacing ties. 18. On lines where Supported joints are used 
a tie must be placed under the joint, and shoul- 
der ties must be placed not more than ten inches 



RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT. 11 

distant from the joint tie; the remaining ties 
should be spaced evenly between the shoulder 
ties. 

On lines where suspended joints are used joint 
ties must be placed eight inches aj)art, or four 
inches from the end of the rail to the inner 
edge of the joint tie; the remaining ties should 
be sjDaced evenly between the joint ties. 

The largest and best ties are to be used as 
joint ties, and the shoulder ties should be as 
nearly as possible of the same size. 

All ties must be laid at right angles to the 
track and not put in obliquely to suit irregular 
joints. 

19. Cross-ties will be spaced as follows: Number of 

. tics Dsr m il p 

Eighteen ties to each thirty-foot rail and seven- 
teen ties to each twenty- eight foot rail in the 
main track. 

On side tracks 2,640 ties per mile, or two feet 
between centers. Special instructions modify- 
ing this rule upon branch lines may be given. 

20. The ends of all cross-ties must be lined Ends even on 
true on the South or East side of the track; side, except 
except on curves, where the line side will always 

be on the inside of the curve. If the inside is 
the North or West side, the line side will imme- 
diately change to the South or East side of track 
when the straight line is reached. Ties eight 
feet long should be so placed in the track that 
the distance from the lined end of the tie to the 



12 



. RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT. 



Adzing for 
rails. 



Heart side 
down. 



^Vood plugs. 



Shims. 



outer flange of the rail shall be sixteen and one- 
quarter inches. For ties nine feet long the dis- 
tance from lined end of tie to outer flange of 
rail should be twenty-two and one-quarter 
inches. On double tracks the ties wall be lined 
on the outside of both tracks regardless of 
curves. 

21. Cross-ties should never be notched; but 
if necessary must be adzed, in order to obtain a 
true and uniform bearing for the base of the 
rail. 

22. Heart sides of ties must always be turned 
down. 

23. Every foreman will keep a supply of 
wooden spikes in his hand-car house and with 
his gang. The invariable rule must be to plug 
every hole wherever a spike is drawn. 

24. Shims. In case the action of frost or 
mud makes it necessary to shim the track, it is 
to be done in all cases on the tops of the ties. 
The placing of lumber under the ties is forbid- 
den except in case of accident, and in such cases 
must be removed as soon as possible. If shims 
more than one inch in thickness are used, holes 
must be bored in them and spikes of extra 
length used. When shims are removed, such 
long spikes must be preserved in the tool-house 
for future use. 

Shims must be of same thickness throughout, 
and not wedge-shajied. 



RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT. 13^ 

RAILS. 

25. Rails must never be unloaded while cars Unloading 

. - - , and distribute 

are m motion, except when an approved unload- ing. 
ing device is used. The distribution of bars 
over sections must be made carefully. 

26. Iron shims, to separate the rails at the space betw'n 

^ . . the ends of 

joints, must always be used m laying track, rails. 
Wooden chips xoill mi ansioer, and must not he 
used. Standard iron shims are furnished by 
Chief Engineer upon requisition. South of 
Ohio River three thicknesses are to be used. 
One-sixteenth of an inch for very hottest, one- 
eighth for Spring or Fall, and three-sixteenths 
for cold weather. On northern and western 
lines a quarter-inch shim is added for the very 
coldest weather. 

This rule must be carefully observed, as 
many serious accidents have occurred by neg- 
lecting this simijle method of making proper 
allowance for expansion. 

27. The rails must be laid with square joints supported 
on straight track and with broken joints on 

curves. The joint must be placed on the center 
of the tie. 

28. All rails adjoining others of different step-chairs- 

^ - . and compro- 

section must have a step-chair to bring the tops mise splices. 
of the rails to the same level, and the rails 
should be joined together with compromise 
splices made to fit the different sections and 
punchings. 



14 . RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT. 



Joint fasteu- 
i n g s and 



29. The joint fastening must he properly fut 
i?id°es%nd ^'^ ^^'^''^ ^^^^ FULL number of bolts, nuts and 
trestles. luctshers. JSfuts must ahvays be kept screived 

up tight, and must be put on witli the flat side 
turned in and resting on washer. A spike must 
be driven in each slot, inside and out, if angle 
bars are so slotted, except on bridges and 
trestles. 

Where plain bars are not used on bridges and 
trestles, spiking in slots or against the flanges 
of rails, at the end of angle bars, will be care- 
fully avoided. 
How many 30. All rails must be syilced full on main 
how to drive track — four spikes to each tie — and every spike 
must be driven home close, with a full hold upon 
the rail. Spikes should be driven perpendicu- 
larly, as the underside of the head of the spike 
is formed with a view to driving it straight; 
and no sjnker must lean a spike inioard or out- 
ward to suit the swing of his maul. Spikes 
must be driven straight and snug up against 
the rail base. This should be accomplished by 
driving carefully, and not by a last blow on the 
spike to bend it over against the rail and give 
it the appearance of a fit. The outside spikes 
should be opposite each other and inside spikes 
the same, and neither of them less than two 
inches from the edge of tie. 
Using drill 31. Steel rails must not be punched or slotted, 
tionai bolt- but whcn necessary to make holes for bolts they 

holes are re- 
quired 



RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT. 15 

must be drilled with the proper tools furnished 
for that purpose. 

32. Short rails are admissible only as a tern- short rails in 

•^ . . main tracli. 

porary expedient on tangents, and on inside of 
curves, but never, under any circumstances, on 
the outside of curves. No piece shorter than 
fourteen feet should be used at all. 

33. When new steel is laid it must be jjer- Alignment. 
fectly lined and surfaced. No imperfection in 

the alignment will be permitted. 

34. Track-gauges in the possession of fore- Accurate 
men will from time to time be compared by 

Road Supervisor with the standard furnished 
by the Eoadmaster. 

35. The track must be laid to a perfect gauge widening of 
on straight lines, and also on curves of four de- curves, 
grees and under. For curves over four degrees 

and under six degrees, the gauge should be 
one-eighth of an inch wide. For curves of 
six degrees and under eight, the gauge should 
be one-fourth of an inch wide. For curves of 
eight degrees and over, the gauge should be 
one-half inch wide. 

36. On all straight lines the tops of the rails Top of rails 
must be level with each other, except the ap- 
proaches to curves, as provided in rule 40. 

37. Curves of the same degree should not Elevation 

1 , . , , 1 , • T-i • outer rail on 

always be given the same elevation, i^or m- curves, con- 
stance: A four degree curve at the top of a sup'r about 
long grade should not be elevated for the same curves."^ 



16 RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT. 

speed as a fonr-degree carve at the bottom of a 
long grade, as the speed of trains is almost in- 
variably faster over the latter than the former. 

TJie foreman, therefore, should consult the 
Road Supervisor about the elevation of each 
curve on his section, and get from him the 
l^roper speed for which to elevate each curve. 
How to find 38. To determine the degree of a curve, 
curve. stretch a sixty-two foot line, with a small knot 

at the center (which is thirty-one feet from 
either end), on the running side of a well lined 
curve. Measure the distance from the knot to 
running side of rail, and every inch of this dis- 
tance indicates one degree of curvature. Thus, 
if the distance is two inches, the curve is a two- 
degree curve; if it be four inches, the curve is 
a four-degree curve, etc. The degree of curve 
can also be determined by use of the table on 
the following page. 



RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT. 



17 



TABLE FOR FINDING CURVATURE OF TRACK. 




PRATT, C. E. 





Radius of 


No.ofSOft 


Length of 


Chord 




DeRree of 


Rails in 


Arc 


Length of 


Central 


Curve. 


Centre 
Line. 


Arc 


"ABC." 


"AC." 


Angle. 




"ABC." 


in feet. 


in feet. 




1° 


5730 


151 


463.5 


463.4 


4° 38' 


■ 2° 


2865 


11 


328.6 


328.4 


6° 34' 


3° 


1910 


9 


268.1 


267.9 


8° 03' 


40 


1483 


8 


232.5 


232.2 


9° 17' 


5° 


1146 


7 


208.0 


207.7 


10° 24' 


6° 


955.4 


H 


190.0 


189.7 


11° 22' 


70 


819:0 


5t 


175.8 


175.5 


12° 16' 


8° 


716.8 


5* 


164.8 


164.5 


13° 08' 


9° 


637.3 


H 


155.2 


154.8 


13° 54' 


10° 


573.7 


4^ 


147.5 


147.1 


14° 40' 


11° 


521.7 


4| 


140.5 


140.1 


15° 22' 


13° 


478.3 


U 


134.8 


134.3 


16° 04' 


13° 


441.7 


4A 


129.5 


129.0 


16° 42' 


14° 


410.3 


4tV 


124.8 


124.3 


17° 20' 


15° 


383.1 


4 


120.6 


120.1 


17° 56' 


16° 


359.3 


3t% 


116.8 


116.3 


18° 30' 


17° 


338.3 


3A 


113.3 


112.8 


19° 04' 


18° 


319.6 


3tV 


110.3 


109.8 


19° 38' 


19° 


302.9 


^1% 


107.4 


106.8 


20° 10' 


20° 


287.9 




104.7 


104.1 


20° 40' 



To find Degree of Curve of Track, stand at joint on outside 
curve, sight across gauge side of inside rail to where line 
strikes outer rail and count joints back, or measure chord AC, 
or arc ABC; degree of curve in table opposite either of these 
distances is the one sought. 



18 



RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT. 



39. Consult the table shown below for the 
elevation of outer rail for each degree of curva- 
ture for various speeds: 



DEGREE 


SPEED IN MILES PER HOUR. 












CURVE. 


30 


40 


50 


60 


1° 


i inch. 


1 inch. 


H inches. 


2 inches. 


00 


1 


2 


2| " 


3J " 


3° 


U " 


2^ " 


H " 


5i " 


4° 


2 


3f " 


H " 


H " 


5° 


2i - 


^ " 


H " 




6° 


3 


oi " 






7° 


3i " 


6 






8° 


4 








9° 


41 " ■ 








10° 


5 








11° 


5i " 








12° 


6 









Begin the eie- 40. The elevation at the beginning of a curve 
straight track, should be as great as at any other part of it, 
except at reverse points and where short tan- 
gents occur between curves of opposite direc- 
tions. To insure smooth runniug, especially for 
trains at fast speed, the elevation must "com- 
mence back on the straight line and continue 
gradually until the curve is reached. The fol- 



RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT. 19 

lowing table shows how far from the beginning 
of the curve the elevation should commence: 
For 1 inch elevation, 50 feet back on the straight line. 

<t ^ (I u 200 " " " 

" 5 " " 250 " " 

— increasing thus fifty feet for each inch of 
elevation. 

In reverse curves the rails must be level with 
each other at the reversing points; from the 
reversing point the elevation must be carried in 
either direction at the rate of one inch in fifty 
feet. Where short tangents of insufficient 
length to api^ly the foregoing table intervene 
between curves of opposite direction the middle 
of the tangent shall be the neutral point at 
which the elevation in either direction shall 
begin. 

41. Old steel rail^ which has been replaced Disposition of 
by new rail, will, if it is sufficiently good, be from track. 
used again in the main track, but as far as prac- 
ticable with other rail of the same pattern. If 

it be not needed for immediate use, it will be 
neatly stored at convenient places and not left 
lying in the ditches. 

42. All curves of three degrees and over will Rail braces 
be braced. Rail-braces will be used on both in- 
side and outside rails of curves to be braced and 

will be placed on the same tie for both rails. 



20 



RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT. 



Curves of from three to four degrees will 
have three rail-braces to each rail ; curves of 
from four to five degrees will have four rail- 
braces to each rail ; from five degrees to six 
degrees will have five rail-braces to each rail ; 
from six to eight, six braces ; curves over eight 
degrees must have rail-braces on every other 
tie. 

SWITCHES. 



Switches. 



X o compro- 
mise joint to 
be near the 
switches. 



Guard rails. 



C; u a r d rail 
fillers. 



43. Switches must be laid in conformity with 
the standard plans furnished by the Chief 
Engineer. 

44. Where rail of a heavier pattern is used in 
the main track than in the side-track, the main 
line pattern must extend at least as far up the 
side-track as the switch ties extend. In other 
words, no compromise chairs or angle bars must 
be placed on rails whose ends are on switch ties. 

45. Every guard-rail opposite a frog will be 
of the length shown on the standard drawings, 
and it should be spiked and bolted parallel to, 
and one and seven-eighths inches distant from 
the rail in the main track throughout its entire 
length, except four feet at each end, which will 
be curved inward six inches. 

46. Every guard rail shall have four cast 
fillers and be held to position by bolts. Cast 
washers to be under nut — all of which is 
plainly shown on the standard drawings. 



RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT. 



21 




t2'2 TIULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT. 

Care of the 47, The most careful attention must be given 

switches. ° 

to the switches by the foremen and track-walk- 
ers. All switches should work easily and have 
no lost motion, and must be kejDt lined up 
and to perfect surface at all times. Foremen 
must notify supervisors at once when new 
switches are jDut in, or old switches taken out ; 
also whenever switches are spiked for any cause, 
and when switches that have been spiked have 
been reopened. 

Keeper pins. 48. Keeper pins must always be itsed in con- 
necting rod lolts. 

Track walker 49. Track-walkers must never pass a switch 

to e X a in i n e . . , /. • j 1 1 ^ 

switches. Without examining every part ot it careiully, to 
see that all bolts are tight and in perfect order, 
keeper pins in place, and that everything about 
the switch is in perfect order. Switches and 
frogs must be kept free from snow and ice. 

Safety 50. Safety switches must be put on all sid- 

switches. 

ings where the grade does not descend from 
main track, and on every track where there is 
no agent to see that proper clearance is left. 
This rule does not apply to regular passing 
tracks. 
Switch lamps. 51. Switch lamps must be thoroughly cleaned 
every day and filled with oil. A supply of clean 
waste must be kept for the purpose of cleaning 
lamps. Lamps must be lighted by "sun down"' 
and not put out until "sun rise." On very 
foggy evenings they must be lighted earlier and 



RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT. 23 

be left burning later on such mornings; but 
this must be watched carefully and no nuneces- 
sary oil consumed. 

52. The head blocks of switches must be pead blocks 

to be kept 

kept firmly tamped at all times, or lamps will "'eii tamped, 
be shaken out. 

53. When lamps are placed on switches they Lighting and 

1 1 fl -1 1 T T • i • r- 1 cleaning the 

should not be left until the lighter is satisned switch lamps. 
that the Avicks are at proper height to give a 
good light and not to smoke. . 

Do not .trim the wicks luith scissors, but 
simply rub the finger over them and remove 
the crust. This will give much better results. 

In filling lamps care must be used not to fill 
them too full, or when they are lighted the oil 
will run down on the switch targets. 

Lamp lighters must be careful and not put 
their greasy hands on switch targets and disfig- 
ure them. 

WATCHING. 



bad weather. 



54. During heavy rain and wind storms, every watching 
precaution must be taken to prevent accidents. 
Each Section Foreman must be out, and have 
with him a sufficient number of men, to insure 
safety to trains. It may occur that washouts 
cannot be prevented, but, by proper watching 
on the part of Section Foremen and men, trains 
can be kept from running into washouts. Men 
going out to watch track, either in storms or for 



24 -RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT. 

ordinary track walking, must have with them 
the necessary signals and torpedoes to stop trains. 
During heavy rain storms, culverts and drains 
must be inspected, and all drift material removed 
from them. 
Track walker. 55. The dutics of the Track Walker are next 
in importance to those of the Foreman. Section 
Foremen will be held responsible for seeing that 
their section is walked and examined every morn- 
ing. When a full force is being worked, the 
Track Walker should start on his trip of inspec- 
tion in a direction opposite to that in which the 
remainder of the force go. He must carry proper 
signals and torpedoes to stop trains when nec- 
essary, and tools to properly secure the safety of 
the track. He must also carefully examine 
switches, frogs, bridges and fences, and report 
promptly to his Foreman any defects that he 
cannot fully repair. He must drive stock off 
the right-of-way, and close farm gates. 

Foremen to be 56. Foremen are required to pass over the 
whole of their sections at least every alternate 
day, and to observe particularly the condition 
of the main track, switches, sidings, culverts, 
cattle-guards, bridges, trestles and fences. 

Mustbefamii- 57. They must always have with them the 

iar with time- , . ■, -, 1, , ■, , p 1 • ^ 

card. latest time-table for the movement ol trains, and 

- must understand its use, and know the time of 
all trains at whatever point they may stop to 
work. 



RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT. 25 

58. Foremen must remove from bridges, watching 

briclgss. 

cattle-guards and trestles all combustible mat- 
ter, examine particularly the tops of piers and 
abutments, and remove all chips. 

59. When necessary the sod must be removed cutting dead 
from around the base of trestles, sign and mile around tres- 
posts and other wooden structures so that the ^^^" ^°^ ^' 
dry grass may not carry fire to them. 

60. The grass, weeds and brush on the right- Burning dry 

. r 1 1 ^ 1 • i.1 "" grass, weeds, 

of-way must be burned as early m the season as and brush on 

they become dry enough, and the right-of-way 

must be kept clear of all rubbish, especially old 

ties. Special care must be exercised to prevent 

fires from extending to fences and adjoining 

property. 

61. Foremen of repair gangs, as well as obstructing 

1 . , , . •• J. • i. track in order 

oridgemen and construction trains, must never to luake re- 
obstrnct the track in any way whatever, without ^'"^*' 
protecting themselves with the proper signals. 

62. Eed signifies danger, and is a signal to Red signals. 
stop. Eed signals must be used when the track 

is obstructed so trains cannot pass. A red flag 
by day and a red light by night must be placed 
in the center of the track when trains cannot 
pass the obstruction. 

A green flag by day and a green light at night 
placed beside the track, on the engineer's side, 
indicates that the track is not in perfect order 
and should be run over slowly. A white flag or 
light denotes that the track is clear and in jjer- 



26 »ULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT. 

feet order. If red or green signals are required 
they must be placed at least twenty-four tele- 
graph poles in both directions from the obstruc- 
tion, and firmly and conspicuously planted. 

When a curve, the grade or condition of 
weather makes it doubtful whether the train 
can be stopped in running the distance covered 
by twenty-four telegraph poles, the signals must 
be displayed enough further to insure sufficient 
distance to stop the train before reaching the 
obstruction. 

If an obstruction of the track occurs on curves 
or grades so the danger signal cannot be seen by 
the Foreman from the point where he is work- 
ing, a man must be left with the signal. 

In all cases the signal stafE must be so placed 
as to fully display the whole fiag in windy or 
calm weather. 
Telegraph of 63. If from any cause the track becomes 
impassable for trains, and the Section Foreman 
cannot promptly repair the damage, he will at 
once, after placing danger signals in both direc- 
tions, telegraph the Train Master and Eoad 
Supervisor, giving the nature and location of 
obstruction, materials needed, etc. 
Torpedoes. 64. An cxplosivc cap or torpedo placed on the 

top of the rail is a signal to be used in addition 
to the regular signals. The explosion of one 
torpedo is a signal to stop immediately; the 
explosion of two torpedoes is a signal to reduce 



RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT. 27 

speed immediately. These signals will be so 
used by Section Foremen when necessary, and 
at the same distance from obstructions as the 
flag and light signals. 

A sufficient number of torpedoes must be car- 
ried at all times upon hand-cars to be used in 
case torpedoes placed upon the track are ex- 
ploded by hand-car passing over them, and as 
an additional precaution as prescribed by the 
Standard Transportation Eules. 

65. Special trains or engines may pass over special trains 
the road at any time without previous notice, at all times. 
and Foremen must be prepared for them. Any- 
thing that interferes with the safe passage of 

trains is ah obstruction, and must not be 
attempted without using the proper signals. 
Employes are permitted to use the track for 
making repairs to within twenty minutes of the 
time of passenger trains, and ten minutes of 
the time of freight trains ; but ahvays under the 
2)rotection of the proper signal. 

66, Foremen must carefully observe the sig- signals on 
nals carried by trains, and be sure that all fol- 
lowing trains, running on the same schedule, 

have passed, before obstructing the track. They 
must also watch all passing trains closely for 
messages that may be thrown off, and signal 
trainmen if they see anything wrong with the 
running gear. 



"28 .RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT. 

Cutting dead 67. All tvees whicli are in danger of falling 

trees. '^ on the track during high winds should be cut 

down. If not on the Company's property the 

owner of the land should be consulted, and if 

he objects, the facts should be reported and 

instructions asked. 

w^i'tchmen ^^' Watchmen must be provided with the 

for^i"na\'s"'^' P^'^P^^' l^i^^ips, flags and torpedoes for stopping 

trains, and must be instructed how to use them. 

Material piled 09. Whenever wood, cross-ties, lumber or 

near track. 

other material is piled along the track, notice 
must be taken by Section Foremen that it is at 
least seven feet from the rail. If found nearer, 
it must be at once removed to the j^roper dis- 
tance. Signal or mile-posts must not be placed 
nearer the rail than twelve feet. 
Every one to 70, Every Foreman having fewer tlian five 
men ivill engage in his work j^ersonally, and 
must require all laborers under him to faith- 
fully perform their duties. 

MATERIAL. 
Requisitions 71. Scction Foremen, as well as Road Super- 

f or material. 

visors, will make requisition m writing for all 
necessary material, such as cross-ties, spikes, 
chairs, splices, bolts, nuts, washers, and tools, 
and will hand them to their immediate superior 
officer, together with their time-books, on the 
night of the 27th of each month. 



RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT. 2&' 

72. Section Foremen will be held strictly Responsibility 

. , , ,. . ' in regard to 

responsible for all tools and material leit in material. 
their charge. They must report promptly any 
loss of the same to their immediate superior 
officer. They will not be permitted to lend the 
tools or material of the Company to any person 
under any circumstances. 

All material, new or old, must be kept locked 
up in tool-houses, as far as possible, oi under 
the eye of the Section Foreman. 

73. Section Foremen will have care of and Responsible 

for loose prop- 

will be responsible for all loose property of the erty of Raii- 

-■■ . road Co. 

Company, such as wood, ties, lumber, scrap- 
iron, etc., and will see that none of it is lost or 
stolen, nor will they on their own resjionsibility 
give anything awa}'. 

74. All spikes in the track must he carefully ^'^k^g"^ "'^- 
drawn witli the vieiv to use them again. No 

old ties are to he thrown aside ivitli spikes left 
in them. All old spikes which cannot he used 
again must he carefully gathered up and taken 
to scrap pile. In uncou'pling rails no tight nuts 
or holts must he knocked off until hammer. 
Tliey must he oiled and taken off luith a wrencli. 

75. Tools needing repairs will be shipped to shipment of 
the Company repair shop. Place a tag on each paired. 
article showing to whom it is to be returned, 

and send note giving advice of shijjment. 

76. Foremen will not ship their hand-cars to shipment of 
shops for repairs until the Road Supervisor has repairs. 



30 • RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT. 

inspected then and decided they need shop 
work. But no foreman, either before or after 
• advising the Road Supervisor of the bad condi- 

tion of a hand-car, will use the same, if to do 
so involves the risk of accident. 
^vhere to put ;7. All scrap rails should be piled up at side 

scrap iron. -^ x r 

tracks ready for shipment. 

ACCIDENTS. 
Prompt action 73, In casc of an accident to a train the 

■when acci- 
dents occur, nearest Section Foreman will at once take his 

whole force to the assistance of the train, even 

if it is not on his own section. If notified of 

broken rails or anything else needing immediate 

attention on an adjoining section, he will at 

once go and make the track safe for the passage 

of trains. 

w horn to 79. When assisting a train delayed by an 

obey. •= _ ^ J 

accident, Section Foremen will act under the 
direction of the Conductor until the arrival of 
the Road Supervisor. 

Watchmen at 80. In case of a wreck. Foreman must at 
once appoint the necessary watchmen to pre- 
vent freight or Company^s property from being 
stolen. Said watchmen are to remain on duty 
until the goods are removed. 

Report of in- 81. In cases of injury of any kind, no matter 

iuriGS ' *^ , 

how trivial, to any one in their employ. Fore- 
men must immediately make a report by wire to 
the Road Supervisor, and follow this as soon as 



RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT. 31 



possible with a written report. No Foreman 
shall exercise his discretion as to what injury is, 
or is not, important enough to be reported. 



HAND AND PUSH CARS. 

82. When hand or push-cars are not in careofcars. 
actual use they must be lifted off the track and 

placed entirely clear of passing trains. When 
not within sight of the men they must be 
locked, and no car shall be used without the 
knowledge of the Section Foreman. 

83. Loaded push-cars will not be run around Push-cars to 

, 1 , , . J b e protected 

curves on mam track, or where there is not a by red flags. 
tangent of ^at least half a mile, except nnder 
protection of red flags. 

84. Hand or push-cars must never be at- Hand-car nev- 

. 7 . er attached to 

tached to a tram in motion. train. 

85. Rails must not be carried on hand-cars. Rails not car- 

„ ried on hand- 

except in cases oi emergency. cars. 

8G. Great care must be exercised when it is Use of cars in 

, T -, -I 1 • J? foggy weather 

necessary to use hand or push cars during loggy and at night. 
weather or in the night. Foremen must always 
accompany the cars. 

8T. No car will be run at night or on Sun- Foremen re- 

. £ J. 1 -4. m sponsible for 

day, except in case or actual necessity. Cars cars, 
must be kept under lock and key, and in no 
case be used for jjersojial jnirposes, except by 
special permission of the Supervisor, and then 
only when accompanied by the Foreman. 



32 • RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT. 

Parties riding 88. Parties claimiuff to be oflficers of the 

on hand-cars. , , , i it 

roacl cannot be taken on liand-cars without an 
order signed by the proper officer. 

WATER-STATIONS DURING FREEZING WEATHER. 
"Water stations 89. Durinff extremely cold weather, when 

in cold weatli- .,• t,t no 

er. Avater-stations are likely to suner by freezing, 

Foremen on whose section a water-station is 
located, if called iqion by the Supervisor of 
Water- Works, will send a man to the tank, who 
shall keep the station in such condition that 
trains can take water at all times. 
Assistance to 90. In all cases where called uj^on for aid by 
telegraph line foremen of telegraph line repairs. Section Fore- 
men will render prompt and cheerful assistance. 

POLICING. 
Neatness and 91. Nothing is more commendable in a Fore- 

order on the ,t , it ■, ■ ,. » 

section. man than neatness and order on his section. A 

few hours devoted each week to cleaning up 
and putting things in order around section tool- 
houses, station grounds, etc., will give an air of 
order to the section which will be complimented 
by officers and travelers. 

Notice boun- 92. Foremen will make themselves familiar 
with all the boundary lines of the Company's 
grounds on their respective sections, and see 
that no person encroaches upon them. 

No person is allowed to erect fences and 



dary line. 



RULES OF THE EOAD DEPARTMENT. 33 

buildings or otherwise occupy the Company's 
grounds without special permit. Any such 
action must be reported in a written statement 
to the Eoad Supervisor, giving the name and 
residence of the party, and all facts connected 
with the encroachment. 

93. Cross-ties in track j)artly burned by fire, Burned cross- 
so that they are unsafe, must be at once re- and ex tin - 

, , guishing fires. 

placed. 

94. All old ties, which are taken from the collect old 
track, must be gathered up at the close of each 

day and put in some convenient place for burn- 
ing, or use as fuel or fence posts. When there 
are stumps close by, pile around them and thus 
get rid of bolh at one burning. 

95. Foremen will pay particular attention to watch and re- 
the telegra]Dh wires, and see that they are not «ires^ ^^^^^ 
obstructed or down on the ground. If broken 

or crossed, they must be repaired at once and 
notice sent to the nearest office by special mes- 
senger. 

96. All highway and farm crossings must be Road cross- 
kept in the best jDossible repair, and not ob- ^"^^' 
structed by any material. Foremen are spe- 
cially directed not to leave hand or push-cars 

on crossings. 

97. All side-tracks must be maintained in side-tracks 

IT J i.1 1 j.i? 1 . .• and platforms 

good order, and the platforms and station m good order. 
grounds should always present a cleanly appear- 
ance. 



3,4 * RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT. 

Bright signals. 98. All switcli signals must be kept bright 
and in good order. 

Sod Hue. 99. The sod line will be neatly and accu- 

ratel}^ cut ii m o feet from and parallel with the 
center of the track on each side thereof. 

Gatheiing up 100. Section forces must pick up each day 

scrap-iron. . • i i i j. 

any material dropped from engines or cars, 
such as draw-bars, car-doors, brakes, bolts, nuts, 
or other property belonging to the Company, 
and take it to the tool-house, from whence it 
will be shipped as directed. 
Lost freight. 101. All packages or articles of freight that 
may fall from any train must be taken to the 
nearest station agent, who will forward them to 
the Superintendent. 

REPORTS. 

Use of check 103. The time roll book (form 1142) must be 

ports, and written up every night for the day Just closed. 

tliemin. The time of Foremen and men must be given 

and the same distributed to each kind of work 
performed, under the proper heading. Time 
roll books (form 1142) as well as monthly re- 
ports of all tools and materials received during 
the month, must be handed by the Foreman to 
the Supervisor on the night of the 27th of each 
month. 

Discharge 103. When an employe is discharged, the 

Foreman will make out and forward to the Road 
Supervisor an application (form 1140) for a 



RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT. 35 

time-check, and endorse on the page of the 
time-roll book opposite the name of the em- 
ploye, '' Discharged, time given/' Upon receipt 
of application for time-check, Eoad Supervisor 
will certify to its correctness and forward at 
once to the Roadm aster, who will issue time- 
check and forward to the agent at the station 
nearest the section for payment to the employe, 
who must be identified by the Section Foreman. 
In case the employe has not received pay for 
work done in the previous month, the Eoad- 
master will request the Paymaster, by wire, 
giving the number of roll upon which the name 
appears and the month, to forward the amount 
due the discharged employe to the agent nearest 
the section for payment to him. Time-checks 
must never be issued by the Eoad master after 
the rolls have left his hands. 

104. Section Foremen will promptly report Report disre- 
in writing to Supervisor any failure of train- nais. 

men to respect their signals, and to answer the 
same with the whistle, giving the number of 
train and engine. 

105. Section Foremen will report all acci- Report acci- 
dents occurring on their sections, by telegraph graph. 

to the Eoad Supervisor, as soon as possible, 
according to special instructions, giving in brief 
the nature of the accident. The telegram must 
be followed by a full written re^jort, given or 
sent by the Foreman to the Eoad Supervisor. 



36 * RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT. 

In cases of very serious accidents, requiring a 
collection of forces and material, Foremen must 
immediately rejjort by wire in full to the Super- 
intendent and Eoadmaster. 

Damage to 106. Foremen will promptly report all stock 
killed or crippled by a train on their sections, 
on proper blanks furnished them. 

Damag^ by 107. An immediate report on proper form 
must be made by the Section Foreman to the 
Eoad Supervisor of all fences burnt, or other 
property and material — whether belonging to 
the Company or to private parties — destroyed 
by fire originating from passing locomotives or 
otherwise. The report should state the location, 
the exact damage done, the linear feet of fenc- 
ing destroyed, if any, and the name of the 
owner of the property. 

Report of 108. Broken rails must be at once reported 

broken rail. ^^ ^^^^ Road Supervisor. State manufacturers* 
marks on the rail, when laid, and when broken, 
the nature of tlie break and its cause, and at 
what part of the rail it occurred, and between 
what mile posts, and whether on curve or tan- 
gent, and what disposition is made of broken 
rail, also condition of the road bed where break 
occurred. 

GENERAL RULES. 

General in- 109. Section Foremen must remember that 
gardfng^^re" while their particular duty is to look after their 
fion^men. ^^°" own sectious, to keep them in safe running order 



RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT. 37 

and to steadily imj)rove their condition^ they 
must not fail to do everything to make the road 
secure and to prevent accidents, even though 
they may have to perform the duty of some other 
man. 

110. The responsibility for the safe condition Responsibility 

■■■ -^ for bridges. 

of bridges and trestles rests upon the Section 
Foremen, as well as upon the bridge department. 
They will look after the lining and s|)iking of 
the track on all bridges, as well as the condition 
of the bank sills. They must also frequently 
inspect tlje general condition of their bridges 
and trestles, and if work is needed, report same 
at once to their Koad Supervisor. 

111. Section Foremen may discharge or sus- Power to dis- 

1- charge and 

peud from duty any employe under their con- employ men. 
trol. 

112. Section Foremen are not at liberty to strict disei- 

•^ pliue and at- 

excuse any neglect of their men in the perform- tent ion to 
ance of duty. 

113. Foremen must not engage more than Number of 

, ° ..men to em- 

the regular force allowed without permission pioy. 
from the proper officer. 

114. Employes of this department who leave Pay-day of 
the service of the Company of their own accord leave the ser- 
will not receive pay for their service until the 

regular pay-day in the month following that in 
wdiich they leave the service. Foremen must so 
inform them before engaging them. 



38 RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT. 

Eegarding 115. Each Foreman will be provided with One 
switch key, for which a receipt will be taken. 
In case he does not return key when leaving 
the service of the Company 50 cents will be de- 
ducted from the amount due him. The same 
deduction will be made should the Foreman lose 
his key and still continue in the service. 

Red shirts not 116, Trackmen must not wear red shirts as 

to be worn. ■ , ^ -« 

outer garments, as they may be mistaken tor 
danger signals. 
Use of com- 117. Xo Foreman or employe must take coal 

panv"s coal. . «„ . „ 

from the cars in transit or from coal-bms. Fore- 
men will see that this rule is obeyed, and 
promptly report any violation of it. 



For Conductors of Construction Trains. 



118. The Conductors of all work trains are By whom se- 
selected by the Koadmaster, subject to the ap- the extent of 
proval of the Superintendent, and are respon- sibnu}\^*^°'^ 
sible for the safety and proper care of their 

trains, for the good conduct of all the men em- 
ployed thereon, and for any material entrusted 
to their care, except when a separate foreman is 
employed to work the men. 

119. Conductors of work trains will be under conductors of 
the immediate direction of the Eoad Supervisor 

on whose section they are at work. 

130. They must obey all orders for the safe connection 
movement of their trains from the Train Master portation "de- 
or Superintendent, and they must faithfully ^^^ ™^°'' 
observe all time-card rules. 

121. No one except men employed on the Passengers on 
trains, or an officer of the road, will be per- trains. 
mitted to ride on construction trains. 

132. Conductors of work trains must see that condition of 

cars. 

all the ditching and boarding cars are in good 
running order ; that the boarding cars are neat 
and clean at all times, and that good, substan- 
tial food is furnished to the men. 

39 



40 



•rules of the road department. 



Business i n- 
formation re- 
quired. 



Handling 

material. 



C'ondu c t or s 
must not give 
away or sell 
fuel or mate- 
rial. 

Reports. 



Delay reports 



■\\' h e r e the 
train should 
be at night. 



1"23. They must study the rules and instruc- 
tions issued to all track and bridge men, and 
fully familiarize themselves with all kinds of 
work pertaining to the maintenance of track. 

124. The greatest care must be taken in 
unloading material. Steel or iron rails must 
never be unloaded while cars are in motion, 
except when approved unloading devices are 
used. In unloading new steel rails, car initials 
and numbers must be written down in memo- 
randum book, and number and lengths of all 
rails on each car carefully recorded and re- 
ported. 

135. Conductors must not give or sell any 
employe or other person coal or material Avith- 
out a proper order. 

126. Conductors must make such daily re- 
ports as are directed by the Koadmaster, and 
wire him daily the number of men employed 
and amount of work done. 

127. On each day they must send to the 
Eoad Supervisor a report of all the delays ex- 
perienced during that day on account of not 
receiving orders promptly, or from other causes. 

128. From the first day of December to the 
first day of March they must ahvays spend the 
night at a telegraph station; and observe the 
same rule during the rest of the year when it 
can be done without losing time. 



RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT. 41 

129. Whenever Conductors of construction Howtospeud 

J • 1 11 , 1 • 1 ii • •, time while 

trams have delays at a station, whether m wait- waiting for 

o rd 6 r s 

ing for orders or from other causes, they must 
keep the whole force employed. There is no 
]Dlace on the line where some kind of work is not 
needed, and no time will be Avasted by a good 
Conductor. When delays occur the men should 
be set to work on sidings, at cleaning station 
grounds, weeding, ditching, ballasting, or what- 
ever work is mostly needed. 

130. In case of an accident to a train they Prompt relief 

.,, . . 11 1 1 after au acci- 

will give assistance as soon as called upon by dent and what 
the Superintendent or Train Master, and they 
must do everything in their power to facilitate 
the quick and safe passage of trains. 

131. A natural eagerness to get the track careful hand- 

1 X , 1 1 * -1 1 ling of freight 

clear must not lead to the unnecessary rough at wrecks. 
or careless handling of freight at wrecks. 

132. When wrecked cars are burned the num- Kumbers of 
bers and initials must be carefully noted and 
reported to the Eoadmaster and Train Master. 

133. Conductors must report at once in Report insuf- 
writing to the Eoad Supervisor whenever inade- power, 
■quate motive power or incomjoetent enginemen 

are furnished them. 



For Road Supervisors. 



Extent of 134. Eoad Supervisors are held responsible 
for the safe-keeping of their sections, and will 
have immediate charge of all the Foremen and 
road watchmen, and are authorized to discharge 
such employes for neglect of duty. They will, 
howevei', in case an accident results from the 
negligence of an employe, report the case, before 
discharging him, to the Roadmaster. 

Discharge of 135. In reportinff the discharge of a Foreman, 

Poremen. . 

they will give the cause of same, so that a 
record of the man's standing may be kept for 
future reference. A discharged Foreman is not 
to be re-employed on another division of the 
road without permission from the Chief En- 
gineer, Should a discharged Foreman desire 
an investigation, he can present his case to the 
general office, through the Road Supervisor, 
and it will be considered. 
Audit and col- 136. They will carcfully scc that the time of 
books. ^ the men and the rate of pay are correctly 
reported and properly classified on the check- 
rolls. 

They will note the time each Foreman is 

42 



RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT. 4S 

absent from work, and make proper deductions 
on check-rolls. 

137. Each Eoad Supervisor must walk over close atten- 
a portion of his section every day, and go over division. 
the whole section on a hand-car or on foot, at 

least once a month. Passenger trains must be 
used by them during working hours only in case 
of necessity. 

They must spend most of their time out on 
the road, and see that Foremen and laborers 
fully understand and perform their duties. 

They must also cai-efully examine every 
switch upon their respective sections at least 
once every month, and make a written rejDort of 
the condition of each switch to the Eoad master 
after each examination. 

138. They must pay strict attention to the ^^otice the 

•^ -^ '' condition o f 

proper adiustment and alignment of the track, track and use 

n 1 . , n 11 . , of material. 

and to the economical use of all material. 

139. They must personally observe alignment Alignment of 
and elevation 07i curves, and must instruct Fore- v a t i"o n on 
men about the proper elevation for every curve 

on their sections. 

140. They must also frequently examine the Track gauges, 
track-gauges, and compare them with the stand- 
ard furnished by the Roadmaster. 

141. They should be thoroughly posted in Famiiiarity 
regard to the right-of-way and other land lines. 
boundaries on their respective sections, and 

keep constant watch against encroachment by 
adjoining occupants. 



^4 tlULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT. 

Number of 142. They should keep a memoraudum of 

men at work '' ^ 

to be known, the niimber of men at work on each section, 
and compare with the reports returned by the 
Section Foremen. 

Requisitions 143. All requisitions for materials, such as 

I o r material ^ ' 

and receipts cross-ties, spikes, cliairs, splices, bolts, nuts, 

for same. i ^ r ' ' ) 

washers, tools, etc., must be made in writing to 
the Roadmaster, and receipts for material re- 
ceived must be sent to the Roadmaster. 

ci-oss-t?es " ^ 144. Supervisors will personally examine 
their track in the month of October each year 
and ascertain the number of cross-ties required 
on each mile, and the number of cross-ties and 
switch-ties required in each siding for the 
ensuing year, and make report of same, before 
the fifteenth of November, to the Roadmaster. 

Examine 145, Each year during the month of Novem- 

rails. _ -' ® 

ber, Supervisors will personally examine all 
rails in main track and make a report to the 
Roadmaster, giving the number of perfect rails, 
number of rails fit for cutting and drilling for 
future use in main track, and number of rails 
worn out and fit only for mill, on each mile. 
Switch-keys 146. Road Supervisors will see that each 

for Foremen. . ^ . 

Foreman is supplied with one switch-key and 
gives a written receij)t for the same. In case 
the key is lost or not returned when the Fore- 
man leaves the service of the Company, fifty 
cents will be deducted from the amount then 
due the Foreman. They will make the jDroper 



RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT. 45 

endorsement res^^ecting the switch-key on tlie 
discharge ticket. 

147. When the Foreman is discharged or Require from 

° Foreman a n 

leaves the service of the Companv, the Road account of 

T tool**- 

Supervisor must make out a correct hst ot tools 

on hand. He will note all tools missing or^not 

accounted for, and send such report to the 

Roadmaster^.so that the proper settlement can 

be made. In such a case he will write on the 

discharge ticket, "Tools not accounted for as 

per report." 

148. Road Supervisors will have charge and conuection 

. 1 J. 1 , , , . , . 1-1 w i t h c o n - 

control 01 all construction trams while at work st ruction 
on their respective sections, unless otherwise 
arranged, and will personally see to the proper 
distribution of all material for use of their 
Foremen. 

149. In case of accidents on their sections, Report of ac- 
they will send the reports of the Section Fore- personal a t - 
man and their own reports to the Roadmaster. 
On being notified of a wreck they will imme- 
diately 23roceed to it and take charge of all 
trackmen. All wrecked freight must be care- 
fully handled, and initials and numbers of 
wrecked cars noted and reported to the Road- 
master and Trainmaster. 

Supervisors must keep their Roadmasters 
advised of their whereabouts and probable 
movements. 



tention to 



46 RULES OP THB ROAD DEPARTMENT. 

Company's 150. Houses furiiislied for laborers will be 
borers^. ' occupied by those employed on the road, and 
no one else will be permitted to use them with- 
out authority from the proper officer. Road 
Supervisors must give close attention to this. 
Distribute 151. All printed circulars, instructions, and 
structions. "* orders to Section Foremen or watchmen must 
be delivered in person by the Road Supervisor, 
who will read and explain the same to all his 
Foremen, and then tack up in a conspicuous 
place in the tool-house of the section. 
Use of signals 152. Road Supervisors must see that all the 
ed tx) s'ubordi- rules for signals with flags and torpedoes, and 
other instructions, are understood and obeyed 
by every man in their employ; and that all their 
Foremen and watchmen are supplied with time- 
tables and watches while on duty. They must 
compare time with their Foremen frequently. 
Unnecessary 153. Road Supcrvisors will instruct their 

use of the tele- t-, , -j ii t ^-^ 

graph. Foremen to avoid all unnecessary use ot the 

Company's telegraph, especially for material. 
The telegrapli is only to be used in cases of 
emergency, or when delay would involve a loss 
to the Company. 

Telegraphing for material can usually be 
avoided if the Foremen will inform themselves 
ahead as to what material they will need, asking 
for same by letter. 



Rules and Instructions for the Bridge Department. 



154. The Foreman of each gang will report 
to the Supervisor of Bridges in general charge 
of the Division or District — the Bridge Super- 
visor reporting to the Roadmaster. The Road- 
master shall report to the Division Superintend- 
ent, and the Division Superintendent to the 
Assistant General Superintendent. The As- 
sistant General Superintendents will report t6 
the Chief Engineer in all matters pertaining 
to bridge structures. The Superintendent of 
Bridges and the Engineer of Bridges will act 
immediately under the directions of the Chief 
Engineer; they will have special charge of all 
truss bridges, and will keep records of the con- 
dition of all trestle and pile bridges and minor 
structures, and will have general charge of all 
renewals and repairs. 

All renewals of pile and trestle bridges, cul- 
verts, etc., shall be made in accordance with 
standard plans approved by the Chief Engineer. 

All renewals and repairs of truss bridges shall 
be made in accordance with plans prepared by 



48 RULES OF THE BRIDGE DEPARTMENT. 

the Engineer of Bridges, approved by the Chief 
Engineer, and will generally be executed by the 
Superintendent of Bridges with forces directly 
under his control. Minor repairs will be made 
in accordance with rules hereinafter specified. 

155. DiKECTIONS FOR EeNUMBERING 

Bridges : The system of renumbering bridges 
on the Illinois Central System, including all 
branches, will be as follows : 

An individual number shall be given to each 
bridge — including under the general term of 
"bridge" all truss bridges, trestle and pile 
bridges, cattle passes and open culverts, arch, 
pipe and box culverts, all overhead bridges, 
either for wagon roads or railroads, and gen- 
erally all structures of the nature of bridges 
which have to be maintained by this Company, 
whether in or adjacent to the track; excluding 
cattle guards, drains' in ditches and small 
stringer bridges for farm crossings. 

But one number shall be given to any struc- 
ture, no matter how many spans or openings 
it may have, or what may be the character or 
length of its approaches. Where there are two 
or more bridges in adjacent tracks over the 
same stream or passage-way, but one number 
shall be used ; but if the tracks are separated 
and the structures are distinct, a distinguishing 
letter, such as A, B, C, if there are several 
tracks, or the initial letter of the proper point 



RULES OF THE BRIDGE DEPARTMENT. 49 

of the compass, E. or W., N. or S., shall be 
used to distinguish the structures. 

The numbers to be given shall be the same as 
those on the mile posts on the Division or Dis- 
trict. These numbers, except on the main line 
from Chicago to New Orleans, shall be prefixed 
by certain letters, generally those which are 
given in the Official List, to distinguish the 
stations on the several Divisions or Districts. 
In addition to these letters and numbers, there 
shall be added two figures indicating the dis- 
tance from the last mile post to the center of 
the structure in hundredths of a mile, these 
last two figures being separated from the num- 
ber indicating the mile post by a hyphen, instead 
of a decimal point. 

Whenever it is possible, the numbers shall be 
painted in black on a white ground in the style 
shown by standard blue prints. These shall be 
painted on short ties placed between the regular 
ties and extending about two feet beyond them, 
held in |)lace by the rail and by a small bolt 
fastening them to the guard rail. The pro- 
jecting ends of these ties shall be beveled on 
each face and the numbers painted thereon, so 
as to be read from either direction along the 
track. 

Where the above method of numbering can- 
not be used, a 6 x 6 post about 6 feet long shall 
be set on the same side of the track as the mile 



50 llULES OF THE BRIDGE DEPARTMENT. 

posts, and about 6 to 8 feet from the rail, with 
one corner of the post toward the track, and 
the numbers shall be painted on the two faces 
of this post next the track, so as to read from 
the top downward. 

Truss bridges may have the numbers painted 
on the end posts, or on number boards or plates 
to be attached thereto. In all cases the style 
of the numbering shall be uniform, all letters 
and figures being four inches long by approxi- 
mately two inches wide, and of style illustrated 
on blue prints above referred to. 

The initial letters and mile post numbers to 
be used on the several divisions, districts and 
branches are as follows : 



RULES OF THE BRIDGE DEPARTMENT. 



51 



No. with miles 
initial, uumber, from Chicago, 111. 
Freeport, 111. 
So. Chicago .Jet. ,111. 
Waterloo, la. 
Gilman, III. 
Otto, 111. 
Saxony, 111. 
Kast St. Louis, 111. 
Aberdeen Jet. , Miss 
Louisville, Kv. 



towards New Orleans, La to 912 

( 'entralia, 111 to 273 

So. Chicago, 111 to 5 

Mona, la to 81 

Springfield, 111 to 112 

1 Jloomington, 111 to 81 

Minonk Jet, 111 to 45 

Faducah, Ky to 162 

Aberdeen, Miss to 109 

Granada, Miss to 494 

Durant, Miss. " Tchula, Miss to 26 

Memphis, Tenn. " New Orleans, La to 455 

Jackson, Miss. " Parsons, Miss Otolln 

Champaign, 111. '• Havana, III to 101 

White Heath, 111. " Decatur, 111 to 31 



West Lebanon, Ind. 
Freeport, 111. 
Cherokee, la. 
Cherokee, la. 

Freeport, 111. 
Chicago. 111. 
Buckingham, 111. 

Manchester, la. 
Blue Island Jet, 111. 
So. Addison, 111. 
60th St., Chicago 
Stacy ville Jet,, la. 
Evansville, Ind. 
Cecilia, Ky, 
Horse Branch, Ky. 
Jlorganfield, Ky. 
Jloflfat. Tenn. 
I.eland, Miss. 
Slaughter, La. 
Ethel, La. 
Tutwiler, Miss, 
Hampton, Miss. 
Helena, Ark, 
Jackson, Miss, 
Coahoma. Miss. 
Dockery, Miss, 
Clarksdale, Miss, 
Mounds, 111, 
Belleville, 111. 
Piuckneyville, 111. 
McClure, 111 
Johnston City, 111. 
Coke Ovens, 111. 



Le Roy, 111 Oto 74 

Madison, Wis to 62 

Sioux Falls, Dak Oto 97 

Onawa, la Oto 61 

Dodgeville, Wis Oto 65 

Sioux City, la to 510 

Tracy, 111 to 10 

Cedar Rapids, la Oto 42 

Blue Island, 111 Oto 4 

Addison, 111 to 2 

Wash. Park Club to 1 

Stacy ville, la Oto 8 

Hopkinsville, Ky to 130 

Hodgenville, Ky to 17 

Owensboro, Ky Oto 41 

Uniontown, Ky Oto 7 

Troy, Tenn to 5 

Huutington, Miss Oto 22 

Woudville, Miss Oto 41 

Clinton, la Oto 8 

Moorhead, Miss Oto 42 

Glen Allen, Miss Oto 2 

Eagle Nest, Miss Oto 19 

Natchez, Miss Oto 98 

Riverside, Miss to 126 

Kimbrell Lake, Miss. to 16 

Philipp, Miss Oto 44 

Mounds City, 111 Oto — 

E. Carondelet, 111 to 16 

Eldorado, 111 Oto 60 

Gale, 111 Oto 5 

E. Cape Girardeau ,111.0 to 74 

Harrison, 111 to 4 



Note. — Where mile posts are already set on branches and are numbered 
from either of the termini of the main line, bridges shall be numbered to cor- 
respond to the existing mile post numbers, and not as noted above. 



pairs. 



O'J RULES OF THE BRIDGE DEPARTMENT. 

Division Of 156. Eacli Bridge Foremau shall be assigned 

work aud iu- . tj-.i • t n -i t • 

speciion. to a giveii distnct^ naving denned limits, and 

shall be held responsible for the condition of 
the structures on his district. He shall make 
personal examination of all the structures on 
his district at least once every thirty days, and 
shall report in writing, on proper blanks, all 
structures needing repairs. 

Urgent re- 157. Each Bridge Foreman is authorized to 
make necessary immediate repairs on any struc- 
ture which he may find to be in a dangerous 
condition, reporting the same promptly to his 
immediate superior. 

Ordinary re- 158. Eacli Supci'visor of Bridges shall make 
a comj)lete examination of all structures on his 
district once in six months, and shall make 
thereafter a complete report to his superior, 
giving a careful estimate of the work necessary 
to be done during the next six months, stating 
the quantity of each kind of material necessary 
for each structure. This report and estimate 
shall cover the regular work on each district, 
and, when requisitions are duly made and ap- 
proved for the work, the ordinary repairs shall 
be carried on without further directions from 
superiors, the: work being done in accordance 
with the standard plans furnished from the 
Chief Engineer's office. 

All material shall be carefully checked, and 
errors in shipments promptly reported, so that 



pairs. 



RULES OF THE BRIDGE DEPARTMENT. 53 

no delay to the work shall be occasioned by lack 
of necessary material. One piece of work shall 
be completed before going to another, except in 
cases of emergency, when work left unfinished 
must always be put in a perfectly safe condition 
for the passage of trains. 

Worthless material removed from structures 
undergoing repair shall be burned (all fire being- 
extinguished before leaving the work) or it shall 
be placed on the down-stream side of the open- 
ing from which it was removed. Sound mate- 
rial, together with all bolts, washers, etc., shall 
be piled conveniently for shijjment. 

159. In case of storms, Bridge Foremen shall Extraordinary 
be on duty, and shall, where possible, place 
themselves in communication with telegraph 
stations. They must assure themselves that the 
structures on their several districts are not being 
damaged, and shall take all needful precautious 
for the safety of trains. 

In case of damage by storm or by fire, which 
may endanger or prevent the passage of trains, 
each Bridge Foreman shall promptly notify his 
superior officer, and also the Local or Division 
Trainmaster, and shall at once take measures 
to stop trains, if necessary, and to repair the 
damage. 

In case of two or more bridge gangs being 
called to repair a damaged structure, in the 
absence of a superior, the Foreman on whose 



repairs. 



5-i RULES OF THE BRIDGE DEPARTMENT. 

district the work is being done shall have gen- 
eral charge of the same, unless orders are given 
to the contrary. 

The Division Eoadmaster, or Bridge Super- 
visor, shall take personal charge of the more 
important repairs in case of wrecks or damage 
by storms, fire, etc., and shall notify the Chief 
Engineer of the same, and call to his aid any of 
the district bridge gangs he may see fit. 
Details of in- 160. Examine masonry for signs of settle- 
spec ion. nient or of bulging or tipping over. Examine 
pedestal stones for crushing or splitting. See 
if masonry needs pointing. 

Take soundings, and compare Avith former 
records, to note scouring around piles or abut- 
ments. Bridge watchmen should do this, when 
there are any. 

See that nuts on floor beam hangers are 
screwed to a bearing, and check the threads to 
prevent loosening. 

See that laterals are not loose, but do not put 
heavy strains on them. 

Do not attempt to adjust the other members 
of a truss bridge, either of wood or of iron, 
without being directed by the Superintendent 
of Bridges, personally. 

Keep the roller ends of spans free from any- 
thing that would hinder the movement of the 
rollers. Watch the action of truss spans under 



RULES OF THE BRIDGE DEPARTMENT. 55 

moving trains, and report any undue lateral or 
vertical movement. 

Examine timber and piles for decay by boring. 
Test the latter at the ground line for evidences 
of rot. Tighten nuts on trestle work, and pay 
special attention to replacing missing guard rail 
bolts and nuts. 

161. Barrels filled with water shall be kept Precautious. 
on all long trestle and bridge spans. Buckets 

also shall be kept in the same. 

Grass and weeds shall be cut away from 
around pile and trestle bents. 

Drift shall be removed from all trestles, 
bridges, and culverts. 

Tunnels shall be examined for loose rocks, 
linings, etc. Signal rules and time-cards shall 
be studied and strictly observed. 

Have signal flags and torpedoes for warning 
trains of dangerous structures or work under 
repair. 

Handle work so as to delay regular trains as 
little as possible, and pay attention to signals 
they may carry for extras. 

Check time frequently with train men and at 
telegraph stations. 

162. In addition to the regular inspection Reports. 
reports already referred to, each Bridge Foreman 

shall report in writing any accident or failure of 
any structure-under his charge, giving date and 
cause of same. 



port: 



56 R^LES OF THE BRIDGE DEPARTMENT. 

In case of detention of traffic, he shall report 
the date and hour when traffic was stopped, and 
also when same was restored, with cause of de- 
tention. 

Each Foreman shall make a ''Completion 
Report" of every piece of work, giving list of 
material used, cost of labor performed, and 
general descri|)tion of the work done. This 
report shall he made immediately after the job 
is completed. 
Forms for re- 163. Certain forms kept in stock by the Sta- 
tioner shall be used for bridge reports ; they are 
as follows: 

Form 1170 is a bridge foreman's daily report, 
in postal card style. 

Form 1171 is a weekly time report. 

Form 1172 is a foreman's completion report. 

Form 1184 is a monthly inspection re23ort of 
bridges and culverts. 

In addition to the above, two large blank 
forms, numbered 1180 and 1182, have been 
prepared for bridge records, instructions for 
using which are as follows: 

Form 1180 is designed for records of frame 
and pile trestles, and form 1182 is designed for 
records of culverts, tunnels, overhead bridges, 
etc. 

Roadmasters will order these blanks from the 
Stationer in such quantities as may be required, 
identifying them by the form number. 



RULES OF THE BRIDGE DEPARTMENT. 57 

As soon as possible after receiving these 
blanks, each Eoad master will cause to be made 
out a complete list of all bridge structures on 
his division, giving to each the new number, 
with its proper initial prefixed in accordance 
with the instructions recently sent out from 
this office for renumbering bridges. In making 
this list, the new numbers are to be placed in 
the marginal space at the left, and the old num- 
bers at the right in the column headed " Re- 
marks." Enter up under each column the infor- 
mation called for by the printed headings, 
occupying space enough for each structure on 
the blank r.eport to give all desired information, 
using several lines if necessary. 

These blanks are punched with holes on the 
left-hand margin, by means of which they can 
be filed in a binder. Each Roadmaster will be 
furnished with one of these binders, and will 
make requisition on the Stationer for sufficient 
blanks so that he may keep a record of the 
bridge structures on his division. For this 
record, one sheet may be used for each bridge. 
For the report to the Chief Engineer, as many 
structures may be entered u^son a single sheet 
as can be done distinctly, as the record will be 
transcribed in the Chief Engineer's office into 
similar record books to those which are to be 
kej)t in each Roadmaster's office. 

In this report to the Chief Engineer, it is 



58 RULES OF THE BRIDGE DEPARTMENT. 

essential to know as nearly as possible the age 
and present condition of each structure, and 
the year when the structure was built or rebuilt 
should be stated in the column headed " Date 
repairs were completed." 

These blanks are also designed for periodical 
reports, that is, either quarterly, semi-annually, 
or annually as may be hereafter required ; in 
this case the columns under the heading "In- 
spection and estimates," and the note in red 
under ''Eemarks" are to be observed and used. 

At least once in each year, or oftener, if re- 
quired, a complete statement shall be made of 
the bridges needing repairs, giving in each 
column, under the proper printed heading, the 
number of pieces of each kind needing renewal, 
and, in the proper columns, an estimated cost 
of the work for labor and materials. 

At the end of every quarter, namely, March 
31st, June 30th, September 30th, and December 
31st, each Eoadmaster shall make a complete 
report of all work done during the quarter, 
stating, as nearly as may be, the material of the 
several kinds nsed, and the actual cost of labor 
and materials. The blank forms described are 
designed to be used for these completion reports. 

Each Eoadmaster shall enter up on his office 
record all inspection reports and estimates of 
renewals needed, and also all completion reports 
and statements of the actual cost of work done. 



RULES OF THE BRIDGE DEPARTMENT. 59 

thus keeping in his office a copy of all reports 
sent to the Chief Engineer. 

All such reports sent to the Chief Engineer 
will be entered up in the records which are to 
be kept in the office of the Chief Engineer, so 
that the result should be that the Chief Engi- 
neer's record should correspond in all respects 
to the individual records kept by each Eoad- 
master. 

164. Eoadmasters and Supervisors of Bridges 
may issue such further rules for the government 
of their subordinates as they may deem neces- 
sary, provided they do not conflict with the 
foregoing rules. 



■60 



RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT. 



Bills of Switch Ties for Double Throw Split Switches. 

All Oak Switch Ties 6" x 10"; Cypress 7" x 10". 
Headbloeks are included in Bills. 





Ko. 10, No. 10 and No. 7, 


No. 8, No. 8 and No. 6 


Switch Tie 


FROGS. 


FROGS. 


Lengths. 


Track 


Ties. 


Track 


Ties. 












8' and 8' 6" 


9 Feet. 


8' and 8' 6" 


9 Feet. 




Number. 


Number. 


Num^ber. 


Number. 


8' 6" 


8 




10 




9' 


4 


"8 


3 


4 


9' 6" 


4 


4 


4 


8 


10' 


3 


4 


2 


4 


10' 6" 


2 


3 


2 


3 


11' 


2 


3 1 


2 


1 


11' 6" 


3 


1 


2 


2 


1^' 


3 


3 


1 


2 


12' 6" 


1 


3 


3 


1 


13' 


2 


1 


3 


3 


13' 6'' 


2 


2 


4 


3 


14' 


3 


2 


3 


4 


14' 6" 


3 


2 


3 


3 


15' 


4 


1 


3 


3 


15' 6" 


4 


2 


4 


3 


16' 


8h 


2 


7h 


4 


16' 6" 


3 


9h 




7h 


17' 


1 


3 




2 


17' 6" 


2 


4 




2 


18' 


1 


3 




1 


18' 6" 


2 


1 




1 


19' 


1 


2 




1 


19' 6" 


1 


1 




1 


20' 


2 


1 




1 


20' 6" 


1 


2 




1 


21' 


1 


1 






1 


21' 6" 


1 


1 










22' 


2 


1 


1 








22' 6" 


1 


2 










23' 




1 










23' 6" 




2 










24' 


. . . ■ 


1 










Total, 


74 


76 


65 


66 


B.M.-Cypress 


6049.0 


6641.2 


4955. 4 ~ 


5305.4 


Oak, 


5185.0 


5692.5 


4247.5 


4547.5 



RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT. 



6i 



a 
o 
K 

o 

6 


o 



o 


• H • * 
d ■ »? ■ • Tt< -i< t- o tc K"i> OT c! '^J re 1! cc c? CO '^) « cc 

Iz, : : ; 


C! 


fC o 
CCS" 


00 


. : w : : : 

O 'Ci •■^■^i--:OTJ'CC"*CC'M^}CC^CCC»MCllC • • 

^ : : • : 


'to 


BBS 


00 


. w : : : : 

O <M • ■* Ti< i^ a; tc CO TT CO 0! cj CO CI CC cj CC or CO ■ • • 

'^ : : • : 


s 


oo in 

COTf 




6 
o 

K 

Oi 

d 

2; 


s 

o 


=-. 


. : a : : : 

O ■ C! • ■ -* ■* lo :o CO rt< CO CO C! CO 0! C> CC 0! CJ C! ^ • 

!z; : : : : 


■o 


^c-2 

m — 

CCTt< 


CO 
00 


. B : : : : 

O eo • • -* -* Iff -^ CO -f CO CO C5 CO 0) C) CO ?! C! I! CO • • 

^ : : : : 


s 


coco 


00 


. a : : : : 

0^ ■ Tf TJ< Iff -J CO -*< CO CO 0! CO OJ C! CO 0! OJ 0} 0! ■ • ■ 

^; : : : : 


lO 


ooo 

IS 




o 

K 

X 

6 

"A 


H 


OS 


. : a : : : 

O -IN ■ ■ TT « in ■* CC CO CO CO ff! CJ OJ C! 15 T! CO CO 0! • 

;?;::: : 


m 


0^00 


to 
cc 


d « • • T)! tH O •* CO CO CO cc CJ C! « C! 0! C! CO OJ C! • ■ 

!z; : : : : 


O' 


o o 
Sot 


00 


O Of • -* TT LO -* CO CO CO CO CJ O! OJ CJ C> 03 JJ C> 0! • • ■ ■ 

^ : ■ ■ : 


C5 


oco 
Soj 

OJCO 




d 
o 
« 

d 


o 

K 


05 


. : a : : 

O -0! ■ • M< ire LO -t Tf 0! CO Cl C< ^ C> O! T-. 0! C! C! C! 0< 

•^ : : : 


05 


TOOT 


00 


doj • ■ -r iC It: TT-f •C>COC!CS — C<OJ rt ■NOJ ISC! •' • 

S5 : : : : 




in as 
111 


00 


d C! • TT Iff in ^ T*< 0> CO CQ C! rt 0! OJ rt CO 03 0} 1- ■ • • 

jc : : : : 


■a 


oo 
So 

C) CO 




d 
o 

o 
d 




en 


O • CJ • • in m •* cc C! C! C! rt C! — C3 C! C! T-. 0! T-. C> C3 

A : : ; 


CO 

-*< 


is 

MOT 


Jo 

00 


c CJ ■ ■ in m -* CO 0! c> c> i-< o! ■-- ni oj cj i-c c! t- cj t-h • 

^ : : : 


^ 


i^CO 
O: ^ 

CJC! 


00 


d (M • in in Tf cc c! rj CJ »-i CJ r-. iM 0! 0! « c! r^ ij • • • 

12; ; : : : 


•^ 


ccbo 

0!C! 




•SHxsitaT; 
aiX 

HOIIAS 


joijJboDooJbotbicb 


3 
o 


OO 

16- 


o -x 00 X cr. C-. o o — >-^ c< C! CO CO Th rf< in m o ffl i.- £- 





m 



RULES OF THE ROAD DEPARTMENT. 



m.i 

SUP SWITCH 



iSriTM 


TIB 




TIE BILL 
exio'TiEs 


re 

i 

/O 6 


To qo with 
trocK Ties 
8' 1 86-| 9 


0,D 


7^«o 


OS 


II 


4 


9 






2 


4 


9 


/? Q 


s 


? 


4 


1? 6 


fi 


.^ 


6 






,^ 




/3 6' 


4 


9 


g 


i4 n- 


4 




4 


14' 6 


2 


4 


4 


IS a 


4 


2 


4 


'? e, 


2 


A 




16 O 




4 




16 f, 




7 




n o' 








Totol 




eo 


e2 


BM 


1527= 




4275 


10' ei 

II o 


hi" 


Por 


\r,=. 


II F, 


2 


4 


n 


17 n 


£_ 






1?/=. 




f! 


fi 




// 


7 


7 


ly & 


4 


10 


/C 


l4 o 


■ ', 


4 


5 




i 


4 


4 


lb O 


4 


7 


4 


IS Q 


7 


4 


7 


le 




4 


4 


/ft ^. 




2 


4 


/7 O 








rotoi 


56 


so 


e2 




1545 


400£. 


429C 



/S^ ifikrmmg place 
on edqe 



Ties weed 22" 









w