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Full text of "Jets and flashes"

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CB nep. 1 p. 80 x. BoiBnieH ycryx- 
KH ne x^aeTcx. 

B. n. KapHOBH^TB. SaMftvaTejOBEM 
6oTaTCTBa iiacrnun jun^ vb Poe- 
dx. Ataa (5Jii9»emo 2 p. 50 x.) c% nepe«« 
1 p. 50 X. 

B. O. BpaHmrrb. BopB5a » ubxb- 
cTBOMi 8a rpanxi^eft x wh Pooeix. 
I^. 60 X., 0% nep. 75 x. 

JhR. JleOGoiTB. Saxi him(o mask. 
II. 80 x^ c% nep. 1 p. 

B. A. rojanewB. SaxonoxftTen-^ 
6TB0 n npaBu b% PocdH XTID 
Bixa II. 1 p. 25x., CB nep. 1 p. 45 x. 

B. H. BOffOBOBOBa.SxBHB OBpO- 

neftoxHrb napoxoBi. I. t. Sxren 
H)ra. II T. ifiHTeiK Cteepa. m «. 
SxreiK Cpexneft Esponu.ItBaxaxi- 
XHft Tox*B 3p. 75x.yO%nep.4p.40 x. 

— yxcTBeHHoe K HpaBCKBeHHoe pai- 
BKTie x^Tefl. I^. 2 p., 0B nep. 2 p. 30 x. 

B. H. BoffOBOaOBlb. Hosax pyoexaa 
OKTepaTyjMu ]](. 1 p. 25 x., e& xep. 
1 p 50X. 

— GflOBeexocTB wh o6pa8i^ax% x paa- 
Copan. I](. 1 p. 25x., e% nep. 1 p. 45 x. 

— (>iepxKX8% pyocBoft neropix XYUI 
Kbxa. ^. 1 p. 50 X., c% nep. 1 p. 76 x. 



ivb HCTopiH 8* Taftjiopib. nepBo6mHax xynvypa. 



Bi XByx% Toxax'b. !(. 4 p., e% xep. 

4 p. 50 X. 
r. rerTHepHB. HoToplx Boeo6xi«i 

axreparypH XVIH Rbxa. T. I. Axnii- 

Gxax JixrepaTypa. H, 1 p. 50 x*| m 

nep. 1 p. 75 X. 

C A. AH-ORlft. OvepxK HBpoxHOi 

jExrepaTypu. S;. 80 x., ti% nep. d5 x. 

nyTB-nopora. XyxosecrBexxoox^ 

TepaTypmift c6opnHK'B. (Ha npocTOiH 

6yxar%). £(. 3 p. 50 x.^ cb nep. 4 p. 

— (Ha B&ieneBOft 6yxart). m- ^ Pt . 
CB nep. 6 p. 

Brb AOGpuft ^SSLCTh. C6OPBXXI. 

(B-B odiosx-b). II. 1 p. 50 X., c% nep. 
1 p. 85 X. 

— (B'B nepenier^). £(. 1 p. 7& x., 
CB nep. 2 p. 10 X. 

E. AK>pHHr'B. BesHxie anxx vh 
SHTeparypi. I(. 8 p. 50 x., CB nep. 
3 p. 85 



p. »0 X. 

noAnncHHBH «PyccKaro BoraTGTBa», npH noKyns'b shhpb, 
noJibsyiOTca ycTyiucofi b^e pasiitpi^ ctohmocth nepecHJocH. 



IIojiHue 8R3e]aiJun)u acypHajia «PyccKoe BoraiCTBO* 
:«a 1893, 1894, 1895 h 1896 ro^a- Utaa 8a tokb 8 p. 



1* 



^- 



n poAo;i waercfl noAnncKa 

Ha mecTL tohobi> co^mHemfi 

H. K. MMXAiiyiOBCKArO. 

HdAaBle pe^asipH sTpHsua «PyccHoe EoraTCTBo>. 

YAEIIIEBJIEHHOE 

■wasie 6oJUbinoro ^picaTa, bi ABa cT0j(6ita, vb 30 ne^aTHHxi n*- 

CTOVb EaSJPlft TOITB, 

0^ nopTpeTOMt aBTopa, 

KOTOpHfi npHJIOaKeBPB KB IV TOMy. 

IIoKnHeHaH D[tHa 9 pydjieft. 

Bi OTj&iLHofi iipo;taaK4 irifena sa mecTL tomofl 12 p. 

(lOAnNCKa ei HaiiomeHHUMii n/iaremoMii He npNNNMaeroR. 

Bhuwh I, II, in H IT TT. 

CoAopwaHie I t. 1) npe^HCJiOBie. 2) ?to xaKoe npoxpeccB? 3) 
Teopifl XapBHHa h o6n(eoTBeHHaa HayEa. 4) AHaJKorn^ecKifl iceroA^ 
Bft o6mecTBeHH0& BBjsb. 5) AapBSHH3irb H onepoTKH 0$$eH6axa. 

6) Bopb($a 3a AHAHBHAyaJKbHOCTB. 7) BouHHi^a n noAQHsdHKH. 8) Hs'k^ 
orepaTTpHBix'b h sypHaibstirb sani^TOKi 1872 h 1873 rr. 

CoAepNiaHie II t. 1) npecryiiieHie h HaKaaasde. 2) TepoH h toji- 
ua. 3) Edkymwi nHCuia. 4) IlaTaiorH^ecKaa icarifl. 5) Eii^e o re- 
poflzi. 6) En^e o Tonrb.?) Ha bIhckoS BceuipHoS BucraBKi. 6)113% 
iHTepaTypHUTB h sypHaibHurs sawlTOK^B 1874 r. 9) U8t» AHeBHEu. 
I nepenHCKH HBaea Henoiraflii^aro. 

CoAepmaHie III t. 1) ^Hoco^ia Horopm JIjh Biana. 2) Beso h 
ero €HOBafl Haysai. 3) HoBuft eotopee'l eBpeficEaro EapoAa. 4) '?to 
Tasoe c^acTBe? 6) yionifl PeHasa e leopia aBTOsoidfl rnqflocTE fifh 
pEira. 6) KpflTEsa jTEJiflTapfldMa. 7) SanncKfl Ilpoj^asa. 

CoAepacaHie IV t. 1) SbeprBa [cTapoi pyccRofl ECTOpifl. 2) HAea- 
UBiTB, EAOionoKiOEOTBo E peaiESM'B. 3) CysAaibipi E oysAaiBCKaE 
xpflTEKa. 4) JiETepaiypHoft A^HTejE&EocTE K). r. XysoBosaro. 5) 
Kapn MapKoi nepeA'B cyAOHi r. H), SyROBCKaro. 6) Bi nepexesKy. 

7) IlflCbMa npaBAi e senpaBAi. 8) JlETepaTypBiiE saMinui 1878 r. 
9) IlECBva Ri J^e1BiWb nojifiwb. 10) SflieiicKui e zyAOseoTBeEEiai 
Apaira, 11) JlETepaTypEua saiiiTSE 1879 r. 12) JSEflTepaiypEUfl sa- 
ifixKS 1880 r. 

V H VI T, BHfiayTB BTb CeHTflfipt. 
nOAHHCKA DPHHHMAETCfl: 
B^ rieTepffyprt — bi KOETopih sypsaJia «PyccKoe EoraTCTBO» — 
yr. CnacoEOfi h BacKOBoft yji., a. 1—9- 

Bi MocRBt— Bi OTAlieEiE KOSTopH— Heretckui Bopora, a« TarapEsa^ 



Eme Hst Mipa 0TBep»ceHHHXT). 

SanHCKH 6KBinaro RaTopacHnsa. 



I. 

Bi ropHoii KysHNii^t. 

B'b oAHHi MoposHut MaDTOBosift jifiEi^ Eor;^a Tojma ropHHu pate* 
HarB BBajiHuob, no o6uxHOBeEii), vb CBJ^mwy, HapaAqHsa, Herpa 
HexpoBi^a,. TaMi ne osaaajiooi. Mu TmeTHo nposAaii ero okojio ^aoy. 
HftKOHei^, npHmejrii on Moaaxoea Ky^epi BypxauHi cb npHsa- 

WWb OVOpaBUITbOA Ha 06H^HHfl pa6oTH. 

— A ^To icN TaiTb A^JK&Tb cTaEeiTb? — nocjQiniaiBCb HeroAynn^d 
Toxoca. 

. — KaRi HTo — SypHTb. 

noAH-Kocb flSEiKoifb oBOHiTb no6ypHf Haaoorpa pasBme 6ypH; 
a noTon 6ypHTb nooiuaft. 

— Ha TO Kysiei^ octb, — osasajTB BypvaKHH'L: — IlaxB^HKOBi, to 
"^ero SI npoKiasaembOfl? CiynaB b^ sysHHi^y, ^tjiaft oboo a^io. 

— Hin, ysi bu cans OTyaafiie, sou laRie xarpHoI — asejraio 
BospaaHjrL IlaiBusoBii, BUEiHaa H3o pra MaieEBsyi) Tpy6o^sy-HOOo- 
rplfiKy H flKo6£i paBHOAymHo ciueBUBaa Ha Qorb. BayTpn ero Kpo- 
ine^Hod, HepBHofi h aahco wb o6EiqHoe Bpena Boer^a BOsSys^eHHof 
^irypKH TonepB, BHi(Hico, Boe RioROTaio h KHaixo. Yase ycoiBX 
Hig^tiB Ha ce6fl KosaHHft RyaHeKHuft $apTyR7> h saaa^RaTB yrjieirb 
6xkjs,Eoe^ 01 ^axjioS 6opoARofi, uno, hi Hanai'b gi^ohh ohi thxo h 
HenoABHSHo cTOflJiii y nopora, ho reaapB BApyrB noAORo^HrB 6H0T- 
Phhh maraKv Vh fiayxy, bi ROTopoirB xpaHHiHOB 6ypu h moiotrv, h, 

BtpOHTHOf AXfl TOrO, <ITO0lI flp?6 HOA^OpRHyTB 0B06 CyHTOBCROO Ha- 

OTpoeHie, oaMuiTB yAo6Huirb o6pa80i(ii yciftjiofl na hohb. 

— Dto qro-xi dfla«iHrB?— onpocHJi'B EyptfaRHHi b'b HeAoyifiHin. 

— Aa T£i sa HapflAHHRa, mto-jib, aocTaBJiea'B? 

— AaBH0-j(Bf 6paTi^i2, B'B TDpBU'b CB HanH OHA^ii, Tyoci TyeooiTB 
-iweb, a RaRi BumejiB bi BoxBHyBo RouaHAy, cuasai'B AorroM'B caaorH> 
^XkJTB BOJiBayi) ^ypasay— h oraxi Hucia ne Hfizora! Bi napHA^BRa 
Toxe liserB, cbohitb GpaioifB ROMaHAOBaTB xo^en. 



8 PyCCROB BOFATGTBO. 

— Tu "iTO 8T0, Horaftii;6B'B, poBHo 6yAT0 zjpfbrb cTan? IlJioxa 
nfejialloKafl 6ajaHAa, ^toib? 

Horatti^eBi, o6HS6HHiift, oromen npo^, Bopva Bojiyxi: 

— Til 6u, He6ooB, nyso-To TOJioroe Tose onyoTHJn! 
MoHaxoB) 8aBaTiucfl j^OBOiBHuirb oMixoirb. 

— A TH, naiBUROBi, orpaaaTB ysi oo6paica, ^apTysi Haffbn? 
najEb^HSOBi, BHyrpeHHo KHatBinitt oi cauaro yrpa, sasi boiui- 

HOfl KOTeJTB HaA'B SapSO pSSropi^BmeftOfl HJIHTOfi, BipOflTHO, TOIBXO H 

sA^ii BToro o6pameHui ki Ge6t. Owb TOT^aoi so noff^erin £*& 
MoiaxoBj, KOMmHo BuoraBHii BuepeA^ RojrbHH h, BojiHynob, saue- 
6iiBaflCB H npHctA&flf nanan HsiHBaTb nepex'b hhm'B Boi cboh o6hah 
H npereHSm. Moij^xob'b b Ha aro nonHiajioA OTBiTBTB oSuhehmh 
mjTo^iKaicH H OMftmKaMH. 

— A Borb, ROiH Tu HacToamift KysHei^, TaKi npHXirpEJiofl 6h 
najEBi^eiTb tfyps HaBapHTB! Xa-xa-xa-xa-xa! ^ 

— HiTB, BEi Boe OMieieoB, AHApeS CeHeHH^'B, a sl BairB b-b Ha- 
OTOflmifi oypBesi roBoioo: Biiy noes mo^h 6ojD>in6! Ha8HaH«Jl|Te Apy- 
roro KysHei^a, a a tionme He nottAy, som oian ho BiimAHTe. 

— BypoHocoBx xoTii H He nooiuafi, — sarajiA^K k ^PHiBOQuiilih-' 
ABa pasa yAapHHiB no kbmed — h can 6ypi, xotb BepxoirB Ha aeicB 
HoisiMft! Ana Haci rose, CKasiiBanrB, oep^aeie, ^to naio BHpafin- 
BaeiTB. 

MOHaXOBl npHHflJTB Ha MHHyxy OepBOSHHft BHAl. 

— norepHHTe iiajieHBBo, peSara. He aaBrpa, Taaqb uooii aaBTpa 
OTaJKB, HaBipHO, npHBeayTB nsi Aua^eS. H HapnA^si HOBUft 6y- 
AOTB. -^^ 

— ^a ^To naiTB napHA^Ki? Beai oraju h AByxi» AH^ft ho bpo- 
AepsaxBCfl; pasBi eseiH ypKOB'B ne cranere cnpamsBaTB? 

— Kasafl 7 Baoi KysHHi^a? — npoAOuajn saaoBaTBOs naiB^H- 
KOBi: — Bi APF'^'^ pyAHEKax'B y RysHeita BcerAa x^ioroOoei^i eoTB. A 
fl T07H0 BoroiTB npoKiBTHfi, wb KOH-To bAkh Ha A^n— ApyTOft no- 
Kon^HHsa AaAHTO— il oaMi h irlxoAyS, p hojioto6o6I(b, h Maciepi. Hh 
Te6i HBBapHTB HHJLTO HB noco6HTi, HH seflfoo no6flTB. KaKaH lyrb 
voserB tiHTB pa6oTa, nepnaa ee homou bosbmhI HtrB, ys'B bh, 
AHApefi CeiceHOBH^'B, 6ypHTB nenfl ceroAHS nonuoTe, a na Moe MioTo 
Apyroro xoro-HH6yAB nooiaBBTe. 

— norepHH H TH, najiB^HXOBi. BoTB fl yso noon^peme oKopo, 
MoseTB 6iiTB, BHAam. 

Bi cBtTJiH^Ki HOMeHTaiBHO BOO OTHxio: Ta&oe Marn^eoKoe BiiflKie 
nAjio BoerAa bto ojiOBO-^€no^eieHie». noHeAiHBi» eme neiiHoro hbi 
npHiH^, apeoraHTU orajiH yxoAHTB na oboh o6u^Eaa pafiom. Ymen 
H xysHei^. MonaxoB'B Bce npoAOisajTB ohaItb na cBoei xiceHsi. A 
noAomejii si Heiiy. 

— H oiHHian, AHApefi CeueHOBH^i, vo bh Moeft pa6oToft hbao- 

BOIBHH? 

— KaSl 8T0^ TO-eOTB, HeAOBOIBHli?— BCnHXHyJIl* MoHaxoBi. 



En^E m-b HIPA OTfiEPaUSHHUXli. 9 

— AyMaeie, ^o sl jdiincb, a eciH 6ii saxorftn, uon 6h 6ojiiine 

BH67pHBaTb. 

MoHazoBi nonpo6oBajn» xhxhrhttb, ho, jmajifikVb no BHpaseHix) 
ifoero m^a, ^txo fl ki myrBaMi HepacnoioseH^b, saroBopon HHane: 

— 8to BavL KTO se BaonieTUvan, jvb ho crapiK'b-iH? 

— HftTB, HO crapHKi. 

— Hy, Tasi asaqHrb, Uefsph IleTpoBHn. JDIeiLHeirB sraRilll Bu 
He noB'bpBTe, on MBi Boi jbih nposyacsarB Tim, ^to, (5xaroA&pfl 
Bsmeiiy npHMipy^ Bot apeorafiTH jrbHflToa. A ii hh pasy HHicero ra- 
soro H He roBOpHJTB... Bnpo^eiTB, oho totoo, h ho snai), Basi larb. 
iirtb, TTO HHOaTB Bl oT^eTaxik... 

— 9to,'.roh6'9ho, Bame jsjinOy qro nncaTb. A Kory OBasaiB toxiko, 
^o eon BU hjh Bami napiiAiiHK'L BSAyHaeie xorxa-HHOyKB yKopnb 
MeHfl vh itaooTH HiH noTpetfyeie, qrofii h BHtfypHBan fionine, to 
mA ooraHeTCfl oaho: ooBoiin oTKasaT&OH on BOfliKOft pafioTH, ^ro 
fiHTavB H8i aToro He bhiiuoI 

— Hy^ noMHjiyftTe, sa^irB se xaRi... A<^ loi botb ^o OA^iaeirb. 
naiBUSOBiysajqferca qootohhho na to, ^noj nero ]ioiOTo6ofiAa 
jAtb, — w caiuAciuinajiH. IIpaBAa, MoxoTofiofiqa bi HamoMi najieHB- 
Koicfc pyAHHKt eoBoiMi He noiaraeTCH, ho Boe se a Mory BiicTaBHTB 
eix> Vh oTvoTk Bi KysHHAi MH& yAo6Hie Bacnb 6yAeTB cnpaTaTb, ho- 
sen Bi marrfc... Xh-zh-xh-xh1 

— Hoserb tiiiTB, BaHixo h 6yAerb yxofiHie, ho tto csasen 
nan^KOBi, noiy^HBi Tasoro noMon^HHsa? ]S,x^ MOxoTOfofii^a nysHa 

B^AB CHJia. 

— Kasafl Tarb cHiat BypH-To HasacrpHBaTL? ^hcto 6a6^ pa- 
tfora. npooTO irbxoAyeui 6yAeTe... ^a Borb notAeMre n najibusoBy — 
a BMy npexcraBJUO brob. Xh-xh-xh1 

MU OTHpaBHJIHCB Bl KySHII^y, fl, HO OJIHinaOHl AOBOIBHElft HO- 

BHirb GBOHMi HasHa^eHieui, MonaxoBi, Beceio nocirtHBaflOb h no- 
xa^HBaH ToicTHHi fipDxoiTb. Bi KysHHi^i yse peeln Mixx. Ilaxb- 
^HSOBi», oAHaKo, OABa yAooronn Haci BsmAOiTBi KorAa mi noKasa- 
2HCB B% ABepiixT> OFo BJiaA^Eifi, H TOJiBRo, saxBaTHBi FopoTB yriot, 
cepAHTo noA<ipocHjrb bxi bi iiiuannpil ropai. JIhi^o ero Bce fimio 
BUHawaHo oaset h, dsapoHHoe njiaiieHeHx, Kasajioob npHHo aiOBi- 
jojBWb. MajieHbKafl HH^yxRa, Vb TDpbirt BseuBaBmaa oo wAvl oto- 
poKb oAHi HacMimKH^ BA^OB, 8a CBoefi pafioToft, oABa jeiAvb o6ia- 

qHTBCfl Vh ^apTysl H paSBeOTH OFOHB, naiB^HK0B1> OOBOiXl XaB'B-TO 

opeofipasaicfl h na^HHajTb BBymaTB niKoroparo poAa Ho^enie ho 
Tonfio paCo^HHi — apecTaHTanii (RaEi-HH-RaKi, saBHciBinHMi orb 
lero), HO AAse h HapsAUKy h oaMony ycTaBmRy. Ovb npHHHHan 
^HesanHo BJiaoTHHft, bb BuonieB cTenoHE caMocrOflrenHui bh;^ h 
.sBoeft Binofi pasApaseHHocTbX), BopKOTieS h ysaoHHMH npoKnriHHH 
cyAB(Sl, Bory, na^ajBCTBy h caMoiy oe(!i HeBOXbHO BaoTaBmi c*besH- 

BaTBCH H ^yBCTBOBaTB Oefifl Vh qOHl-TO nepOA^ HEMT* BHHOBaTUHH 
BCiXlb, KTO TOURO HpHXOAHJTB CI HHITB Bl COHpHROCHOBeHie. 



10 PyCCSOE BOrATCTBO. 

npesAe H&Tb «iipeACTaBiTB> mghb^ Hohaxobi nonpotioBajii, o6pa«^ 
iqaflOb Ro HHt, nomyTHTB nac^erL IlanqnsoBa: 

— Cboikko Bon HH 6hio 7 MeEfl Rysiei^OBi, Bcer^a b saiitui'E 
TaKyn cxpaHHOor^: RaKii toibko BofiAyn* ohh yrpoirb vb ejbhhi^, lac'E 
npea^e Boero nasHyTB ce6ft noji hoooitb casefi... Ssafi, icon, spe- 
n^eHHft iDAi, sTO fl TaKOBi ecTBl Xh-xh-xh-xh! 

rpo6oBoe M ojiqaHie 6nio OTBiion sa STon ovlxi; npoj^oisaiooB 
ToiLKO ryj^iBBO Mixa ^a Tpen^aHBa jrojoewb bi ropHi. Mrt orajia 
He no ce6i, h h koh^jsjoibo otootb bobiI oKaiceeuH, Ha xoropoft 
oHj^toi ofisiKHOBeHHo ][OJiOTo6oeii(i, pasAjBaBinit oroH&. 

— Hy^ \wrb T66i, Ilaiii^HKOfii, HOJioTofioei^y — ^HepiunHTeiBHO 
o&hEBzn, HiBOHei^ HoHaxoBX, nepeHHHaHOB orb hoih na Hory: — 
owb ysi nooTOHHHo TenepB dyxerB y lete. 

He ruTAa hh Ha Monaxosa, hh Ha KeHH, IlaiBHHKOB'B paspa- 
BHicfl ysaoHHKH nposiflTumH. 

— Kasofi Tyn Hosen 6£itb sasoHil HsAOXHyrb 6u wai nocRo^ 
pie, Bi Tapiapapn HpoBaxHTbcfl go Boiini norpoxaia cbohmhI ?to6x 
Tetifl cRapeaRHio vb ipH norH6Hu, ^epnan hoho^ TsapL npoRjuTynouir 

— ^a TH soro SB 8T0 laKib pyraemB, 0paTeqB9- Th 6sl noiHme 

HeMHOrO, — ^BOSBHOHl'B HiOEOIBKO FOXOOB MOHBXOBB. 

— A fl pasBi Baci pyrax)? ne bekhto pasBi — ^yroxB oapoS pyraiD, 
pasropiTBOfl HHRasB ne MOseiB, naji^o oxaflHHoe, ^epnaa homo^ ero 
B08B1IH H MeHH BMioTi 01 hhmbI AsBa toSh opasHi EaRoro MB BU HHi 
]fOJiOTo6otii(a Aae'TO) CeMOHB AnxpeHU? Hemro oh^b icoserB no se- 
xtoy, Raxi cjrtAOBaHTB, yxapHTB axH npn OBapRH noMou onasaTB? 

— Hy, BoeTaRH, RasB-HH-Rasi, y^apHTB. Ta ^ero se TaKB 
opaay-TO? Th noGMOTpH npesiuiie. Hi^o aiEe xyj^a-HHfiyAB ^exoBixy 
Ai^TBOir... 

n MoHaxoBi ymexB, ocraBHBi mobh oahofo oi UaiBUROBEiHi. 
SI npHTBopHxoH Vb BHomofi orenoHH paBHOAynnourB rib ero hoomox- 
RaBmHMi npoRuriairB MonaxoBy, Hasea^HBHieKy eicy rope-HOXOTO- 
teti^a, H Ha^ajn» orxasECBaTBOfl xpyroirB. Mnoro pasi yxe 6HBan a 
B^B eioft RysHHs;!^ h bb Ra^eoiBi npasAnaro spHrexH h bi xa^ieoTBi 
HeiepnixHBaro 6ypoHOoa, ho lenepB ona npoAoraBHxaoB usA ooBofan^ 
BB HHOHi oB^Ti, saneHaxxiuBaH vb naiiaiH Boft cboh MexB^atmlfl noA- 
poCHooTH. dro 611X1 Rpome^HHfi eapaft^HX'B, na SHByx) pyxy oroxo- 

HOHHIlft mVb XaRHX'B^TO OiapHTB AOOOKB, BOGB BB OrpOHHHTB HteXflTB^ 

0RB08B ROTopiifl Kjvb xoxoahhI Btiepb H HaHeiaxHOB xy^H entry. 
MirB Tose Ssun orapHfi, boob noHepn&iHS h touo oi neoxorofi 
ORpHniBmiS h naAyBaBmiftea, Ror^a ero xepraxH sa nepoBRy. TopffB 
(€ropHO») 6eu% cxoseH% hbi RHpnnieft na SHByx) pyny, a xexisHaa 
Tpy6Ra, Hpevb Roropyx) finxoAHxi hsi Hixa Bos^yxB^ HXH-^ypManrB^ 
nxoxo BvasaHHHfl bb neixy, to H-ffixo Bimi^affB Bon h BHSUBan 
npoRXHTifl xyanei^a. Taxix se npoRXHiur BHSiiBaxa h HaxoBaxBHa^ 
noiriaaaBmaflcfl na eioxfii, nxoxo BpinoirB fb xepsxyx) bomxx), h en 
TaKB HaBfiraaemift €koob», HeAooxaiouo kmeemxA h yAo6HHft xu 



EII^S 03-^ MIPl OTBEPSEHHUX'B. 11 

passaro poAa KXSHe^HHxi noffiiosi, Bi npoTHEynojrouoicb yriy 
0IO8IO KopziTO 01 aaiiepsinei boaoI, oiyxHBinefi ^u sasauH orara. 
Ha seicjrt BauiaoB syna djpoBi, soiopHe (uAxoBaio oTBacipHBaTB. 
fl npHCTansie BrjutAiicfl h b% unto caiioro sysHei^a, sa Koroparo 
npea^e ho o6paiiian nonH HHsasoro BHHiiaHifl. 9to 6urb iiajieia- 
Kijl, xyAeHBKiil ^nioBib^n ei si^opHO BSAopHyTUMii hochkoitb^ sei^- 
MHKE KapHifH rjussaicH, HHsor^a He rjiflA;fcBinHjiH BaMi npno vb 
naaa, s lon^efi 6opoAeflKot, KOTopon vh 00060 naTenraeoKHxi Mi- 
onx'B piHH 0H% noTpfloan 0*6 oamim KOMHqHo-yrposaDfl^HM'B be- 
Aom. 3air&TiBi&« ito bi ropsi 6zm saiosesi 6ypi», a Ha^ajrb ^ep- 
raiB Mixi sa BepeBOvy h pas^yBaTb oron. 

— CtoAI..— orpHenyjiefl TOTHaoi xe IlaiBqHXOBB, ho vsajifi. Ha 
xeiii: — seiiso n lan ropm a^bho, a ohi ffyen«.. 0, ^no&b hitl 
noAoxByTB, aonBAam, KpoBoiiHBi^ainb HaniHirbl 

Owb BHXBairai'B H81 orHii 6ypB k, nyiB h6 oysyBi nl wb pon 
npHosanmee HOspaMH seilso^ nojioasHn Ha nasoBauHi). 

— Belli.. 

FaorepflHHO saMeraBinHCB ry^a h osAa, h BHXBaTHAi hb'b ero se 
pyx% xaieHuifi KysEeuut mojiotokb h, tto ecib now npHHaioa 
HOJOTHTb HiTB HO 6ypy... IlaiL^aDcoB^ njiioHyn, jmennyn 6ypi a 
seuD H.« qyTB He luau eo siooth, paspaanxoH orpamHUHH pyra- 

leiBOIBaMH, KOTOpHI fl HO MOFb OTHeOTH UpSMO Kb Ce6i H npHHHTB 

sa ^pMaxBHoe oosop6ieHie, ho xoropHa, rbii He neKle — h ^botbo- 
san 8T0— oTHOGHnoB hh xi kohj Apyi^My. A otohjib paorepoHHU^, 
nepexoH^yseHHHf, eoBopmeHHo HeAoyHiBaDndifti xasoe laKoe npe- 
eryiuteHie h ooBepmutb. 

^ 0, uo&b ^epnaa neMOHB wa Bo&n saj^asHJia! IIOTpoxa ero 
BHBaiBiHOB, nyso ero toiotoo iohheI ]i,jm^ hsb Baoi Boftn» boht.! 

— ?ero se bh oep;i(HTeoB, IIaxB?HS0Bi? Bi^B h se He napouo... 
a Kb nepBHlt paa^.. IIoTom, HoserB 6utx, npHBEOHy, Biry^cB,— 

8a&)pHiOTai'B fl BHHOBaTO. 

H TyTB ToiBKO riasa hoh yoain na 6oiBmoS hoiotb, lesaBmifi 

7 CaMHlTB UOETb HOFB, H fl BOOOMHUTB HTO HO paSX BBKail, SaK'B 
HaX0T060ftl^I AUOTBOBaXH HKOHHO dTHlTB MOIOTOITB, TOr^a KaKl Ha- 
JieHBKift MOIOTOS!B, HOTOpHft H BHpBail HSl pyKli IlaiB^HKOBa, OOOTaS- 

HfljTB Boer^a HeoneMienHyx) oo6oTBeHHooTB Kyanei^a; bohohhhbb 8to, 
a HOHfln, ^TO noeryoKOHi obohitb ne otoibko hchoptexb exy pa- 
fiory, CKOiBKO oesoptinn i^exoBoe ero aootohhotbo... IIoahhb'b mojotb, 
M HOHpoCoBan 6suo aaoHiflTBOH, ho bhhuo en^e xyse. 3a6opHCTSfl 
pyraTexBOTBa nooHnaiHOB bb HpoorpaHOTBO hobiotb, enie 6oile 
otfHAHHtfB rpafloiTB. HaBOHoi^, fl He Bsnepnin h OAikian IlaiB- 
^HsoBy o^eHB p^BKoe saniHaHie, npooH 6asb OAepsaHHie na hshkb. 
Torjia, npflCMHpteB neMHoro h noMOi^aBi, oh% B^pyn naniyjioa ho 
hbI, tfHOTpmrB ABHsenieMX oornyn KoiiHH, louo jsfijoM penepaHOB, 
M, Vb nepBHtt pa9B BsrjuuqrBi MHi bi riaaa, saroBopHTB 0% APT- 
jBeoHnn AOBipieM'B: 



12 PyCGKOE BOrATCIBO. 

— A Bu oaMH RaKi noian^BTO, HeavB HasojiAeBH^'B, h6 cto- 

DTB OHH TOrO, ^OlAOHH SeiTTOpOTHe, Vto6% RWh KHmRH BUOyCTHTb? 

FaiflTOfl, H8niymai)TCfl naAi samMB 6paToirB, poBHo mi h He idahI 

— ?bin» se TaRHiTb narflyo^aDTOfl? Bixb m vh Kaioprt— Mono 
6u, nosajiy&f h xyxe Han shtbcb? 

— Hy, HSBHHHTe, npaBOBi-To Til's ysi ntnl Oromia pasrHJib- 
A'beBCKia BpeMona... A no Hoeuy, jiyqme 6h ysi owb iieHfl nopon 
H FB Kapei^i oasan, nesexH cHtinouaiiH cbohmh rjrynsiMH aohh- 
Man AA pasHSMH HenopaAKaMH shxu BiiMaTEiBan. KasBHHiifl 
pasi OHi Boe cHaoToaniHM'B Ky8Hei^0Hi» MeHji vb puxo m^erb, 
aH6HqiK) hod saAtBaoTi, a cani HEKaKHXi jsjMLsaTb ho jifkevb mh% 
8Ty aH5H^iI) oapaBAaiB. CnpooHTO-Ka BCflsaro, kto Ha Boit mohh 
snaii: bchkUI BaMi oKaserB, ^to ho nocjiiAHHrB MacTepoMi» nanu- 
KOBi 6EijrB. 3a xacTepoTBO-TO CBoe a, moxho oRasaTB, h bi KaTopry 
npHmejn, a saIcb y hhxi ysi caMUMi nocjrbAHHH's ^eioBfeoM^ 
cTajBEi. roBopHTb, ^TO jvb IlaiB^HKOBi H 6ypa oTBOCTpHTB HO yHten! 
Aa fifOiBOJL'b Hxi satniB, xojiepa bxi bobbmh, HafiAOTOfl-JiB bo Bcefl 

TlOpBHi KTO JipjTOi^ BTO Vh SaKaXEt TaKOll CMHCOJIl HMlerb, KaKi* a? 
BOAHHHHI? Hy, yXl Htn-Cl! pUJIOM'B BOAaHEHl^-TO oyapoTHBi HeHH 

HO Bumen. k saxony — ao oothh oopioBi pasHuxi saKajtoBi bbh'b 
npeAOCTaBjno! 

— Kan 8T0, roBopHxe bu, Eysne^Hoe xacTepcTBO b% Baiopry 
Baoi npHBOJio? 

— A TaRi^ qio fl caMOky renepaiy SaBBflJoay EypasHTBca na^i 
oodoft He Horb aosboxhtb h nyTB 6pDxa eny ne paonopon, botb ^to. 

— BH^ SHa^HTB, COJIAftTOHl 6SUH? 

Ha BTOTB Bpnpooi IlajiBqHSOBi He oiBinurB. ApecTaHTU, cjiy- 
SHBmie AO Earoprn ooj^aiaHH («AyxaHHt) Boodn^e Do^eicy-To oru- 
AHTCH cBoero npomjiaro h ho Jin&iTL o hohi saroBapHBaTB; si Tony 
a^ BB najtB^HKOBi yoaiiB octbitb nopuBi ApysocTBeaHOOTH eo nni 
H roTOBHOOTH oTRpoBeHHHiiaTB. Obi* onHTB pasorptsaJTB 6ypi H cep- 
ABTO upHEasuBajn MHi AytB MtxoMi. A noBHHOBairca. Mtx^ pnaiB 
saryAtJii, h pasroBopi no neBOil npeEpaiHica. Ha BTorb pasi, 
EorAa Aonua o^epoAB ao pa6oTii uoxotomx, a oxBaTHJii mojiotb na* 
oToaa^ii, ho sa to TaEi ycepAHO sojioTan hhb no 6ypy, ho cMOTpa 
Ha Boi OHrnaiBHEie CTysa IlaiB^HBOBa, no nasoBaiBHi (oEasaTB 
cjiobo €CTofi!» 0Hi», AOiacHo 6uTBf c^HTaJKi A<fl ^6& yHH«eHieMi), 
^TO 6ypi npeBpaTHioa, aaEoaei^i, bi xenenucy. IlaiB^HEOBB orpa- 
HHmoa, anpoieHi, xtHB, ^to oi oepAi^ea'B nxuHyxi h oaoaa no- 
xosHJTB HonopTOHHHft 6ypB Bi ofohb; ho a no^yacTBOBax'B otb exoro 
ropasAO texBmift otha%, ^mi> ecjiH 6h ohii Bupasaii'B CBoil rntsi 
EpinEHMH pyooEHHH oioBaMH. Ki ROHity nepaaro xe ahh pa6oTU 
vh sysHHi^t naxBUEOBi cAixaica A<a Meaa ^aeiHHX oipaniHxan^eMi; 
orb iiaxMmaro ospHEa ero a B3AparafiaAi» h Tepaxca... K Maoro 
AHeS noaaAofiaxocb a'a Toro, ^to6b a nepeoTaxi tbki 6ih3eo npaan- 
Maxb El oepAi^y dry nocxoaaao EHoiBmyx) bi HoeMB BxaoraText sxofiyl 



Sn^ flSl MIPA OXhEPXEREUVb. 13 

lyAHTb H peBCTii Mixi noA^ uohuh ot^aaHHuiiH ycuiflKH, to 

^tpHBHCTO CTyKM H TtlTB BH3UBai[ KOOUd, CepAHTBIO BBFJUfjI^i B% 

voD CTopoHy na;sLUKOBa, ho ycianmaro noA6pabiiBaTb Bi ropHo 
ciipue yroiBjr, to rjiyxo oora poBHUMv, BOJiHoo6pa3HBiifH jtuxaaifliin, 
AuxaHiaifH aasoro-To oBaso^Haro ^yjqima, KOTopoe boti-botb npoc- 
Herofl H posBHerL roioAHyx) oaoTb. PyRH, ^epraiomiii BepoBOHRy vftxa, 
][a«BaK)T& ffbiiiTB on ycTajiooifl; onnHa toso oTpamao yoraia jcb- 
MhTb Jierxie boriohu npH KasAom Bsuax'l PJKB; rjrasa yTOMUHCK 
TJiajk'bTh vb aHiann^Ut ropsi, MlOSfl OAyp*]^ otb CKy^Huxi, moho- 
TOHfluxii HHCjeil, loicjieS, oKopte noxospxi Ha Kasie-TO oipse, 
6e8CBa3HU6 CHEi, — H CTpaiBHO xo^OTOfl jOHyiB, paonpaBHTB OKOie- 
Hiuie, yoTaxiie uenu, saKpuiB riasa, norpysHTBCfl bi> TbMy h 
safiBOHie. 

— ^yl!..— pasAaeTOfl okieki najiB^flKoaa, h Ha6irai)ii^ift cobi 
ZHBO GooKaKHBaerb: raiaaa HcayraHHo pacspuBanTCfl, h pyiut na^u- 
xaerb aseprn^iHo ^epraTL BopeBKy. 

7riH yse pasroptaHoi. FopHi niuaerB ao tofo flpKO, ?to strb 
xo^fl AOiro TiHfi^Th vb flero. OrHOHEHfl ctoji6i HOKpi BSBHBaeToa 
ssepxy, yxexafl bi OTBoporie spmnE, saiiiHanniee Tpy6y. Kasoe se- 

O^OTHOe MHOSeCTBO 8THX1> CBfcTfln^HXOII TO^eRl! TilCfl^H, MflpiaAu 

ixi KpyxaTOfl, BepTflTOff, HecyToa 6e3yHH0-61meHuirB rajioaoici. Borb 
erb myiioiii h cbhctomi Bupsajiofl oabbi^ oojitnHTejn>HO-BpEift cHoni» 

HCSp'B, npOTafll^OBaJll Ol Heo6iIEHOBeHHOft CuOipOTOfi KaKOfi-TO ^aH- 

Taerfl^eosifi TaEei^B h yu^ajiea BBepxi, a cHBsy ero AoroHfloTB yse 
Apyroft, eme 6ojile apKii h Becejoatt pott; sa hkhi en^e h en^e, h 

BOfTB A^JUlt pHA'B HXl OlUOfl Ha MHrB Bli OJlJBLWb fiOJIbmOft HOTORl 

cmeposoBaro nxaueHH h bi flpocTHOHi bocojibh noHqaxcfl si orpon- 
HOHy, KoposHOicy H66y, ^0611 TOT^aoi se noracHyrb Tain, ocTaBBBi 
nocjti ce6a lenib sonoTb h auhti. Fjiasa 6oiflTi, ho ho bi cBJiaxi 
CTopBaiLCfl OTB orHOHEaro spt^BE^a, E eiE Ecspu Kaxyiofl Mai yse 
He npccTUMH MepTBUME HCEpaME, BUcsaKflBaDn^HEE fl3i ropEn^eA 
ne'Ufl, a sbbkee, cosflaiexbEUEE cyntecTBavB: ottofo-to tbri saAEO 
qinjiflioTCfl OBE APyi^ 8t^ Apyra, ottofo-to tbri 6imeH0 btl Becejibe, 
Tasi osHBieEEa CeayMEaE nucxa! BiAb see seboo paAyeTCE sesse, 
H nycTb RopoTRa, RaRi HFEOBesie, 8Ta seseb — oee BosbuyTB cbEea 
OBOD Aoo) cqaoTbfi E EOTOHy yMpyTb 6e8% FEiaa e sajioOu! 0! bu- 
xoAEie xe, buxoaeto, eobhe MEpiaAU xajieEBREX'b, cBtTisxi fbo- 
xoBi, BeoeiETecb, FJiOTatTe eoxehmi fjiotroxi same paAOcrsoe ufeo- 
Besiel KaRoe Baxi a'&ko ao tofo, no EtTb BBABHoil i^tjiH bi btomi 
Bi^EOMi paspymeHiE e BosposAOHifl oaeIxi e t^xii se ^opirb — 
BiA^ sfldEB cyn^ecTByeTb isfio, sessbI )i;a, e yse EBOTBeEHO pasn- 
^aD OBOE ooofiuE ?epTS y RasAaro esi othxi HHjudOHOBi Rpome?- 
mx'b, SBBUxi AyxoBi: oaee warb hexi HqaTOE, lyqesapEHO, SESHe- 

piMlOOTBIie, EBRl HafiORie 8Xb$&I, GOTRI^HHHe E31 8$flpa E 3010Ta, 

ApyFie, HanpoTEB'b, FpycTsue, ORop6EonosERmie, erb CezcEShwo ony- 
m^eHEHUfl RpiuriEUE, fijrbAHue, oiobho ao opoRa sasAjn^ie noFac- 



14 PyCCROE BOrATCTBO. 

HyxB H norpysiTBCfl fb HHpBEEy... Sa^brB rop^iB? He Boe me paB- 

H0-— OAHO UH ABa MTHOBeHifi?.. 

— Cioft! Befi! oToiRail 

H nanHHsoBL BHHHMaeTb HB'E orfifl WTHHEyi), A0-6iia pacKaieH- 
Hyn noiocy cTsm, hsx Koropoft teki h CpammjTb bo Boi oiopoHU 
orHOHHiifl orpliH. OhA, Toro h rifl^H, noni^yTB bi nasx, h a hh- 
CTHHKTHBHO nuiaK^OB saRpHTB isi^o pyKaBEi^efl j oflHaKO crparb nepex& 
rpoBHHMi najiB^mKOBsrirB npeBosMoraen* 8to mxypHoe onaoeiie, h a, 
oxBaTHBi nocnimHO CBoft hoiotb, Ha^HaD sojeothtb hmi co Boero 
lue^a no HaKOBaiBHi. 

— CKopie, OKopie 6ettf Bapi npooyoTEiiiBl.. Orb, tiepEaa Heiion, 
nponyoTHAi, ocTiua... HsBeprH ohv^ acuAH npoKiarHe, aa tto ohk 
Ayniy Hdi Meia BHHOraTB xoxarB, saKoro voioroGoHi^a khA noApa- 
A^iH? JIonsHTe mapH moh, yrpo6a hsi MOHfl BEQaucBl "^epHaa ne- 
KO^, flSBa OH6Hposas noxBaTal Ba(rb Bcixil 

Ho onaooHifl KysHei^a oKasancb Ha btotb pasi HanpacHHu: 
<BapB> 8axBa?6H% bo Bpeufl, h hob orqaasinie yAapH MOJEtoroirb 
no <8y6Exy» AocTHraDTB CBoefi njiiH; otb 6o2i»nioro syoKa craiH 
OTeiKaerca MeKBudft Eyooici, ROTopiii Tor^orb ase onatB onyoKaeroa 
wh ropHO, dbiBmof so otjiohoki, npn ffesnpecraHHiix'b noAOspflreA- 
HHXi orjUAKaxi aa Asepb xysaai^i, npoBopao saooBUBaeioa pywi 
naib^msoBa bi xoxoAayx) sojiry cl 6oKy ropaa. Tyrb tojbko a cnpama* 
Ban oe6a oi HeAoyaiaiea^: orsyAa so BsaJiaoB 9Ta orajB, sorAa en^e 
HOAaBHO auuoBajraoB aa ea oicyTOTBie? MesAy Tiwkj pasorpftTiift 
KycoKi onaxB BtiaaifaeToa asi oraa a, aib aoeay yAaBieain, no^B 
aosycHinrB xoxoTKorB Eysaema npeBpamaeroa nooreneaao bi aaxeair 
ayn noASoaay as^ Tftxibi sasia aooarB aa oanorazi n^eroxa-ooxAaTH* 
a AoraAUBax>cB, fb newb a^xo. Bb Rysaa^l noaaxaetoa acxopi a 
caKB 6yAyn^ift ofixaAaTOXL noASOBosB, yoaTiifi ypaAaasi, orapmit 

ROBBOa* 

— Hy, ^ITO, roTOBO? MoxoAeirB napa, oxaBao cpofiaxB. Hy, a 
Te6i nooxb sanxa^, y aeaa TonepB airB... B^epacB nocx^AHifl 
JIio6Ri OTAaxB. ^ 

— A CROXBRO nponaxo ysB y aeaa sa Bamaa:B CpaioaB, — hoao- 
BoxBao Bop^HTB EaiB^aROFB: — Bypi^eay Boai oroxbko a A:&rara^ 
Kopei^Rouy ooxtb — ^a ^to6u mam'B RaKoft noxy^axi! A Tyri emfi 
yoraBB^BRB, rxaAHniB, noSaaoTB, aaTepnaniBoa asi-sa Baci... Caa- 
syTB, au OB HBaaoai HaRoxaaqerB Bopn! 

— Hy, ae 6e8noRofioa, 6paTB, sa mboA-to ae nponaAen*. 

n npesAO ^wb a yoniBax) onoaaaTBca, ypaAaaRB yxoABTB, 
onyoTBB'B noAROBRa vh aapaaaB. Ho TyrB a npaaHaax) o^eaB cbb- 
piniit BBA'b a roBopn HaxB^aROBy: 

— Bh RaRi se 8T0 TaRB cRasaxa: cMii ob HBaaoaii HaRoxaa- 
^ewb Bopu»? B'^A^ BH-se xopomo aaaere, qTO a 8AtoB ae npa^eax? 

HaiBUROBB^ 6081 BcaROft BBAflaot aysAH, ycaxeaao paarpeSaerir 
ftexiSsaofi xonaioqaoft yroxBa wb ropai. 



Sms H31> IQPA OTBEPXEHHUX'B. 15 

— ?ero SL cKasan? Kasoe Tyrb Mosen 6mb BOpoBeiBO? Pa- 
tSoraeiDB, pa6oTaein&, KasB Aouaji KJoraa, h ho mofk orpuaoqeKi orajDi 
MflTB? H:to6ei nib inpHaa homo'ie Boin no6paial Bema, noffyMaemb, 

XOpHCTb. Ba BHXklH — ^KHOrO Cl HHTL BOSBMeilZB, 01 AT^OBl IipO- 

uaTjmBXB. 

— BeiExa-iL, He BOJoiRa-xb sopHOTB, a touxo iceui iijnrb bi 
vto fliio He oirbltel 

— He OHitre... ?to-xi, AORasHBaiB, ito-ib, na xeHfl cxaHere? 
Fxi BTO BH^aHO, "TTO&h sa cBoero 6paTa-apecTaHTa AosasHsajiH? H 
Kasie eme jidah, Hameft n mnaHi ^eial 

— AoxaaHBaib a, KOHe^o, se craHy, Bsx^pa bh He roBopHre, 
^ Tojoso noBTopno: Memi 6oxBme He oirtftre nyratB. H pimHTenHO 
HHiero He BHxy h ho SHan, Tasi h noKHHre. RaaeHHyn-iH, APT- 
rjD-u Kasyx) pafiorj bh ffbiaeie— ni fffbn Hftn. CimnHTe? 

— Jyll 

SI BHSKj saioseHEHMii B^ ropHt HaieHBidft 6jf% h npHHnaDCb 
oBflTB sa HeooKHftHHO jMB xaeeHHyi) pa6oTy. 

noxoxeHie fjkrb nocii aioS MajieEbKOfi coopH He HSMiHuoob, 
BHpo^evB, HH Ha iory. nau^onoBi npoxoAsan na noHrB riasax^ 
cpaoTb H caiEHHi HaxajKBHHirB ofipasoHi Bpaxb jctaBn^ULj h Tona- 
pHHtaM^apeeraHTairb. jl oToajTb Vh oropoHi h /i^ajTB bh^b, ^ao 
HH^ero He bhs7 h ne anan: ho Jierso ATMan ^nro-HH67AB h xortiBi 
H He Tan-To lerKO hohoihhtl na js/biA. Kor^a 6iiBaio IlaiB^HSoBi 
npH HRft KJUUCH H 60ZHJICH BoiMH OoraHH, iro crajEB 7 nero BHmia 
BOfl jifi noojr&AHeft KpoHooi, a yoraBn^HKB hxh Hapax^Ki nasHBaiH 
•ero, H mrra h oepLOSHO, BopoirB n o6MaHnmROHi, MHt craHOBHJiooB 
saxpdl pasB ne no ceM, tohho h oaiii h Geutl 6e8H0XBHiiKb co- 
j^aerHHXOMi ero jdkh h BopoBoisa, h EHenno arc ofiotOBTeJOOiBo 
fiiao caMOft HenpiflTHofl jifisi HeHs cropoHofl pa6oTH vb Kjsmuslb. 
Tftvb 6ojrle, ^to no xhtkocth xapaEiepa a ne HanoHBHan 6ojn»nie 
naiL^HsoBy oBoeiTb OAiiaHHOKi padB, vb nopHBi rvksa, saHBie- 
HiH, a OHi, xasajiooB, BCRopi 8a6Hjrb HeHi; no Kpattnef Hipi, 
pasBasHocTb ero AOXOAHJia jsfi Toro, ^to, otoh bo Bpena pa6oTii onH- 

HOt KB ABepH, 0H% HOplAKO FOBOpHJTB, o6panUUIGB SO MS/kl 

— norjUABTe, HBaH^ HHEOiaH^'B, bb m^euy, snsjb 6h sto ho 
BomeJTb HeHapoKOHi. 

n, TOHHO BarHnHOTHBHpOBaHHSfi 8T0t paSBHSHOft AOPSOOTBK), fl 

Moi^aiB H noKopHo riHA^jTb BB n^eiEy... ^ 

nOflBHBmiflOfl BOKOpi HOBIlfi HapflA™KB 6IUIB, BnpO^OMB, Vb AO- 

€TaTOHHoB Hipi nerjiyniift qeJiosisB, ^to6h ho noAOsp'i^BaTB mohh bb 

coynacTiH vb spasaxi KysHoi^a. 9to 6wL'b totb caKuft HaASHpaieJiB 

ntTymHOBB, na soToparo EesHHeHHiiXB co^hhhjtb HisorAa y6iflcTBeH- 

HyD aiurrpaHicy: 

Kas'b mseier^B, cyxod, lAjiaiiud, 
Ohi noerb, nooTi Cesi oiOB'b, 
'K nposBaHBe noj^xo^^fliiie, 
JlaKOHHHHo: U'i^TyoiKOB'B! 



16 PyCCROE BOFATCTBO. 

Uinjmsovh tujvb rpaiioTHHfi, aoboiiho no OBoeHj HaHHTaBnuft 
H, rjiaBHoe, (urHmKOMi aMfiiiposHzifl ^ejLOvkvb jifin Toro, ^roSu uon 
Aoxro ysHTbCfl nojTb Ha^ajiOMi xaKoro xeonora, xaKi Jly^esapOBi, h 
ejKBa TojibKo OTspujuacB BaKaHcia ropHaro HapsAURa, kbki ohi npo- 
icbHim Ha Hee Micro HaASHpaTeia h lenepB ysacHo n6epaiBHH9ajnb 
no ajipeoj riopeiiHoft aAMHHHOTpaipH. 

— By, vAK'h HSBoiHTe noxHBaTB, npoKoniS ^BJunnoBHTB?— npo- 
HH^eoEH ofipan^aicfl oh^ vb HameMy oTapHHHOKy sHaBOMi^, cBoeicy 
HOAaBHeiiy coTOBapHmy, npHBOAHBmeiiy apecranTOB'B bi OBftTjra^By: — 
Mhofo-jib HOBzm EapaHj^amefi h etojkok'b HauuiH bib xnpBici? KasoBO 
Ba(n» HaiajBHHK'B npoxBaTUBaeTB? 

BxtAHoe, 6pBToe smjio IIpoKO^ifl ^^BiHonoBH^a BsrjuiAiiBaio Ha 
ntTymKOBa orporHinr, otpuMH rjiasaMH, h eh oahfb MyoKyjrB se 
BSAparBBaji'B ycMimKofi. 

— Mei SHBOMi no BHcrpyKiqH, oyxo h RpatKO BospaujTB ohi:— 
Mu noorynaeiTB, xaR'B Beun saKOHi. 

— Xa-xa-xa-xa!— saRamBaxoa IliTyniKOBi: — ^h bto Te6t saisoHi 
Tose Bejorn, xaiy^opa Te6fl si^iniB, uoa'b eobhpob'b js.'kMBrb h th- 
HyTBCH, Kor^a ohi hh sa ito, hh npo ^ro HoraicH na Te6a Tonoien? 

— A TU paSBi Bl> BOOHEOfi Ciysfil H6 QiySHJIl? 

— Tasi TO, ^jAaK'B th aTanfl, cj[yx6a oreveoTBy, jifijin rpas- 
AaHHHa; a lenepB th b^a^ sa A^HBrH cjiysinnB? 

— Th caul oxysHn. 

— CxysHAi Aa H ymen. Eirb, yanb a ronaiB Ha oetSa HoraicK 
He nosBOii)! SI ^iob^itb, 6paTB, caKOCTOflTeuHiiftl 

npoKo4»it $HJiHnnu^% Bjra €npoHH>, ubi HaanBajrH ero npo- 
MevB C66fl apecTBHTH, EeAOBOAHHft, OTXOAHJTB npou, a rxHA^Bmift 
aofitABTejieirB niTyrnxoBi lyBaBO KHBan Ha Hero vh eropoHy co- 
^TBCTBOHHO yiuSaBDieicfl eiiy so6hjuch. Bhahmo, ohi boImh OHjan 
oTpeHHAOfl ycTaHOBHTB CB nooffcAHefi AOfipufl oTHOmeniH, a oo MHoft 
npiiHO-Tau aaHrpHBaxi. KorAa Bct apeoT&HTH pacxoAHXHCB no cbohitb 
pa6oTaHi, on sariAAKBan wh xysHHi^y h TaM'B i^ixiiHH nacaMH 601- 
Taxi eo MHOt BoeBOBMOSHHi^, nyomxi h nasHUxi, MarepuiX'B. ' 

— 0, Aft TyrB oryAeHo, xaiyAopa!— HaKonei^, ne BUAepsHBaJTB 
oe*b:— naxb^HKOBi oahhi ynpaBHToa, noAHTe-Ka, HnaHi HHsoiaHTB^ 

Bl OBlTXH^y, fl HTOH-TO CKftSy BaMl. 

— noTOii:^, KoseTB 6iiTB, csaseTO, eojra neBasHoe. 

— Bin, o^OHB oypBOBHoe. 

A mejTB 8a hhih hi, CBiTXH^y. yoiBmnoB tbitb na fiayjrb h yca- 
AKVB Hena phaomi*, ocoficHHO eoxH y noHXH ne rp&iocB HHEoro hbi 
soHBofiHHxi (oTapHxa-cTopoau ovB He ortcHflxofl), niTymsoBi nau- 
HaJTb TaHHCTBeHHUMii roioooMi, nepexoAH na APTseoBoe €T£i»: 

— n oxoia-se Te6i, HnBoxaH^^b, shtb wb TaRoft y^aoTa! Oahvb 
BiAB aroTB IIpoHfl — ^Baa CneprB qero oroHrb; BiAa ero bu- 
HOOHTB He Mory. ^a n Apyrie HaASHpaTeiH TOse xoponiH. Hy, a na- 
^ajcbHHRX OHHTL? A apecTBHTii? Hy, paBBt TyTB HtoTO STaRofl ro- 



p 

^ 

^ 



EH^ H3l MIPl OTB£PSEHHUX'L. 17 

jovk, Kasi TBOfl? Te6i-fe oha^tb r^fr-HHtlyA^ khhskh racaiB, axB, 
Mosen, Bi caifOM'B JImen6jfxi fb doibinn'B UHOBHHxaxB oxyanrB, 
» TH... KaKO]cy-BE67AB TenepB nan^HKOBj, xaifAopi, AOiserb ki* 
xom A7i3>I 

— A vTO-m A^JiaTB? BsAJiofl sa ryxi... 

— Hirs, fl 6u 8Hajn», tto c;^aTB. 

— fiiXETB, 9T0-JIH? A<^ Bi^B BH HO nOMOSeTe, HlBHTlk? 

— Hy, sa^dkirB (iisaTBl HaxMypHBaioa Hxbhvb: — Bin, a botb-— 
npomeiie noxanl fl-6x, Ha TBoen Miori, KasAHft a^hb jsfit^uflTb 
npomeiievh HHoan, h ysi KOTopoe 6ii mfiyAB HonpeuiiiHo BHBesio... 
Yvh TSK's H 6uTB, oKasy Te6i: sl on oaMoro Jly^osapoBa ojoimarB, 
HTO la^aiBOTBO Toro toibko h a^en, ^rro6i tei noiniaABi HpocHTB Ka- 
lian... n ^acTO HH, HaASHpaTen, npoHezii e&6a roBopuH: a^^ ^^J^ 
.oaMOKy "^opTy hosho, KasHOB, nouoiBTBoa, nmB 6u toxbso na bojoo 

^"^ BHflTHl Hy, ytfyAOTB leCa, iio-jra?., A JTy^esapOBTb npo Te(5ii roBo- 
pnrB: sto — cKaxa, roBopHTB, a ne ^eioBisx. 

A OMlflJiEOfl HaAi 8TH1IH HaHBHUHH pasoyauoHiaMf 1, KB saKiD- 
iBBie 6eciAU, roBopHJio^ niTymROBy: 

— A BHaeTO ^10, RihSL^n, Bi]ifi CKau-io ioTB xo^otb. He nopa- 
XH ^ai BapBTB A& pafiouxi ouHKaTB? 

— ?To-si, Kuuie, nosaiyft, — OTSUBaicfl TLiTjmsovh^ hbaobojib- 
Mid TiiTB, ^0 fl yKJioHHica OTB paaroBopa cb hhmi no Ajnii. 

TaflKOMi OTB apecTaHTOBi> h Acuse otb orapHKa ohi npeAiaran 
Mit Hep^AKo y^CTBOBaTB Bi OBOHxi co6cTBeHHHxi saBTpaEaxi, so- 
TopHe npuocHiH eicy seHa.irjiE ao^b, HRoropue cooToam hsb iiia> 

HerB CB TBOpOrOMl fUUl Oafi^pOEHX'B E0i[060Bl, B o^eHB KasAufi pa9B 

oropnaicfl, sorAa a Haoxpisi, 'duBaso, OTKasHBajioji on bthx'b poo- 
somHUXi flOTBi. Boofin^e, npHSsaDOB, a sHKorAa He hofb ypasyiiiTB 
HaoTOflu^aro oHHCia Boixi bthxi ApysecEHX'B noAxoAOBi KG MKb ni- 
lymEOBa, npHHHicaBniHrB HHorAa npflMo caHTHueHTaABHiift xapasTepi; 
BpeHeHaMH a oairB ^yBCTBOBaJKi bi aroicy ^ejcoBlsy riyOoByi) ohm- 
naTiD H noiHoe AOBipie, BpeHenaMH-se, noAOspHrejEBHo HaorpoeHHiilt, 
roTOBi 6urb ouiaxB ero ne 6oj[Bine, Eas'B xhtphjtb nouTHEaHOHx, 
He MHinn^HifB sa Ayniofi HH^ero, EpoHi ih^hbolx HeoTOJuo6HBUx'B i^t- 
xefi H HflTepecoBi. Tasi, npH BceHi obooh'l cxoBecHOirB ufepa- 
xEBui, Ha A^i OH^ 6£ijrB HspaAHiUTB ipyoouii, h saE'B hh npocHiH 
ero apecraHTZi— CB oBoeft OTopoHH ho npenaroTBOBaTB hjtb noEynaTB 
y CB'&T2[BHHaro crapHEa, TaflsOMi otb HaABHpaiejn, BOJDiHyD nanqr^ 
nnposKH, Eapromsy h np., oh'b o^ohb piA^o, h to oi 6oxBinoft ae- 
oxoTot, ruAlJTB Ha 8TH BanpeiHBie saBTpasH oebo8b naiBipr, sa sy- 
uoaHH nyraa otapasa orsasoii'B otb Micia. 

— Pefiflia, AA HeysTo-an» 6h h npeKooiOBan, Ea6u HoaBJUCTB 
62uia?— AynieBHiucL, ApyseoEHM'B tohoitb roBopHU ohi Eo6ujiKi: — 
EaEol Mosen 6iiTB BpeAi> ort imn^B? ^a ?ero hophtb lUAefi aa 
nociHofi 6ajiaHAi? A tojubeo noAyMaflxe oaHH: ay, BApyrb AOHeceica?... 

M 9. Otji,U% I. 2 



18 pyCGKOE BOFATCTBO. 

VLwb Bamero se 6paTa HaftATTca Tasie... H uui, h Ban oanBiTB ^to 
xopomaro Tor^a 67x6x1? 

— Aa jaeh 061 saorb-TO th ho 6e8QOKoilcii» TIshKVb. Hin, iipo- 
OTO oKasaTB, HOTpyxHsaena th, h Boe vixb no-njoroiiy, noTOicy aro 
Alio HaASHpaieJifl sa Haun citAnxb, a HflKasi ho tboo. 

— HeiaAHO Bii ojAHTe, petara. CaiiH SHaere, xasi HeHaBHAarB 
]f6HH HaASHpaieiH... Ojk^wh axon npoHH, sHBaii oiiepTB, qHoro oiioib 
neHJi roTOBi, xaijAopa ero no6epHl CSefiqaci CKasyrL, ^ro a noia- 
xaD BaiTb. Hy, oHimiTb neHji, Apyroro HapflA^HKa nooraHOBfln,— 
BaiTB pasBi lysine oraHen? Caioi BHAHie, ^ro y Heia Ayma ecnb, 
Tro a BO BoeiTb roroBi yBasHTB, Txk tojd>ko mosho. HaAo tojq»ko 
onaoRy saBoerAa iminh. 

Toi-se noJiXTHSH Aepsaica oei h wh Bonpocft pafiorfi, AofipoMi 
H laosoA y6iSAU apeoraHTOB^E, p4ah ero AymeBHiirb sa^eoTBi, ^a- 
CoraTb no6ojiBiiie h nojEy^me... 

BHia.oy66oTa, xoioAHHi, HeHacniHt ji^el Toro-se Mapra Hi- 
CHQa. npoHHSHaaioiqift Bixepi jijrb bo Boi mfijoL Hamef y6oroft 
KysHHi^i, 6pooai[ vh xbhp cRisHyn mniB, a HaAi noporoMi* HaMeraa 
Vbxae oyrpofiH ciira. Mirb ryAbn 01 KaEHHi-TO oco6eHHO aiofiHUirb 
myMOiTB, Hspiirafl hs^ niuaiomaro ropna oroxOu 6imeH0 la&mjmMVb 
Eospi; HO xyse ero Hspurajn nan^iHKOBi noTom obohxl o6unux'B 
npoKJUiTifl, a 11, ciesHBiiuioB noAi» xojioAHOfl apecraETCROft myGolt, 
MonajiHBiilt E Ro Boeicy sa cBirt fiesynacTEiift, se ycraBaii Ria- 

EETBOE E AyTB MteOlTB. HOFE EecTepnflMO 8fl6n, fl HEi RasaiocB Bl 
taRle ^acH, no Ea^EEaerB saoTHBaTB e oaicuft Hosra, ^xo a npe- 
Bpam^aDOB nooxeueEEo b% rjiu6y 6e3ApnEaro RaicEfl, BiRaME lexa- 
n^aro Ea oaeomi» uiori 6e8i» i^tiE, 6e8i^ ]sjwb e seiaEilt... Bi btoxi 
AOEB fl 6ha'b no^eMy-xo ocoCoeeo Epano EacxpooEi e eo ofipaniiajiri 
EE MajiMfflaro BSEHaflifl Ea to, no nixyniROBi yse EioROJUbRo paai 

nOAOSpBTeiBEO BepxijflECfl BOSJli MOEE, TO^SO sejuui ooo6naiTB IXO-TO 
E VB TO se BpOMfl ROJEOfiAIOb. HaROEOI^, ROFAa IlaiB^SROBl, B3flBB 

RopsEEy, BHExen sa AsepB RysEEipi, no6fi npEseoTE eobhS sauaoi 
yrjiet, oei 6iiCTpo Earayjica ro Msfb e npomenTan: 

— CeroAEfl! 

SI paBEOAyniEO nooMoxptjii Ea Eero. 

— ToBopx), oeroAEE... 

— ^xo xaRoe? 

— HpReyAyxi. 

— Kxo npfl6yAerB? 

— ]ifk 6yAT0 EO sEaesiB? ^Boe... xoBapflmeBi xe6i«.. Oxeei, CRa- 
B£[Bax)rB, AoxTypi, TaRoS-Eon AoxxypB, no y Eaoi Vb CbCepe e 
Ee BEA&iH TaREXi. A caE% BOBoe en^e EoiOAOfi. Botb eo xory xojq»ro 

npEEOHEETB, ^EXli 0E%, XEiyAOpa OFO B08BME... j^aMEJUE-TO XpyAEafl, 

ie pycBRaa... Hy, boeomeexb, boeoeeejl'b: mxeEropi! A Apyrolt— Ba- 
EtypoBi. He BEax), ziM% axon 6un, a xoibro, saAo 6iiTB, Tose 
E8i» 6oxbmnxb ABopflEi, Vb EEBepoBTerb oxysajii. Hy, a<^, oioboe^ 



En^B H8l MIPl OTBSPaSBHHUX'B. 19 

DKasaiB, He Hsmefi Ko6HiKi ^eia, a npaHo roBopn— TOBapHO^H letii. 
fl Kan TOAKo, oxaxE th mi, nosaijfioia, arasift HapoA'B bi sa- 
Topry non^aen? Axx, 9to6i Baci asBHiio! 

— Jtfi'vu iipaBA7 roBopne, ELua^? 

— Hji Bon en^e Bpan oiaiiy! 

y MOHfl nepexBaraxo xuxanie... OoiimiTejibiaift OBin SieoHyn 
VB spoirfaiiHoifi itpasi — h vh Torb-se mrB noraoi. £|ABa ae yiiaBi 
Vh o6iiopoKi, a cib Tp7A0in> jAepsaiiui aa Horar& a npacin aa 
•ORaMee^Rj. 

nasBqaxoFB Bepayjioa oi noiaoft aopBHioS jrieft. IliTyinxoBi 
<ie3iioKoiHo daaeraiofl no KysHHi^, bhah, xaKoe ouBsoe Bne^aiiiaie 
npoxBBejTL aa aeaa obohitl ooofin^eaievB. Hsi-Ba oiihih Ry8He^a owb 
apacraibao rjUAin aa Meaa a ^an yaouDnitid aceoni. fl aoaan, 
^qto owb npooETB 11688 jifipmwth HOBOOTB wh OTporoiTB oeapeTft a, 
Tixo yjoidayBmaoB, KHBHyn eay roioBofi bi saaKx eoriacia. 

— Arb, xaj^Aopal*. nuMU'b owh OBoa ^yaoiBa Vh aDSaMoin oxo- 
m^dA h noonftmao yAajiaiioa bb 0BiT2H«y. 

Heonaoyeaoe Boueaie, aesAy t^mb, oBAaffbio mhod. fl ouran 
^acHi MaayTH, KorAa Aoaxan fiiua osoa^nrrBoa ropaua pa6oTH, a 
To-a-A:&io safiiran vb oBtnaHsy nooaoTpiTb, ae BepayiaoB-ia pa- 
fiotie H8B maxTB; ntTymaoFL ciapaioa npa dToin> ae TMAjsjbrb aa 
aeaa a bojtb o ^eirb-To osaBJieaayio 6wkflj n xaBaRaMB. O^eaaxao, 
Dffb TpycHjTb a nopaAROHi paoKaaBaioa vh toitb, hto c6ojiTayx'B aai 
Beiaaya) TDpeaayx) lalay... fl "^oTBOaarB, xaai y aeaa Aposaia 
aoxteaf a npiaiaHll 08H061 npoGtrarb no Bceay riuy, aorxa ape- 
^aaiii, aaaoae^B, BUorpoHaaoB a, no o6uRaoBeaix), o^epia roioBy 
noaaonoB no aanpaBJEoaix) r^ TupBai. fl BcerAa aayrpeaao cepABXoa 
aa ary axB ToponmaocTB, no oeroAaa aai RasaxooB, no kh fi&aairb 
Bee en^e aeAOcraTo^ao 6HOTpo. Cxopo aaft oraxo anpao, a a paaore- 
rayjcB mydyv H saoTuaniitt hosfb aa^an oTTaaBaiB,— oaiTiua, 60A- 
pufl mioxH aanoxaua ero, to^bo ropaua j[y^ BumeAmaro bbb 
aoHaoro lyaaaa ooaai^i; aoAaaao en^e a ^PbTBOBan ce6a nona 
erapHRoni 6e80BJD>ainrB a anuoLBMB aaiiaoi, a lenepB Ghutb onaiB 
voaoAHiTB a OHJDbamrB^ onaiB xorhrB sbtb, saAlaTBca, atparB... H 
'caoBa a xx>6emi> ropa^o aipi, bb aoropoMB acero aicROXBRo ^boobb 
aaaaxB bha^xb xamB 6e8i(bnbayi) a fiedoioioxeaayx) oyroiORy aBie- 
aift, jno6aaB ausHB a anAeft, ROTopHxi* aoAaaao enie npeaapan, 
KaKB auuRHXB, i^naaK)n^axea sa oaoe acaiRoe oyn^egraoBaaie, oirlm- 
aHXB aapioaeTOKBl 

— En^e nosHsen, en^e no6opeMoa ci cyAB6oft...— menran a npo 
«e(ia, Boe yoRopaa mara a nona aacrynaa aa aora moAmaxB Bae- 
pexa rohboIehxb: — renepB-TO aerie 6yAerB sbtb... ob Toaapan^aaa! 



2* 



20 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO, 

WeiiaHHye rocm. 

Eorxa ropnafl napna noxomia n TDpBiit, on BiHMaHifl en He- 
yoKoiBBHyjio, ^To epeflH oroaDpn y Bopora KasaisoBi eoib xaa-tp^ 

MOBUrb, €Hd8AilIIHlZl> JDU^a, H 9T0 Bl SapajIBIOITb HOWi TttESe^ 

npoicxoAHTB KaRoe-To ABHsesie. 

-— BpanpsL, a vigb naprifl, HaAO (Shtb, npHiua? 

— ^(a BOffBt CIC0TPHT8, H noABOAa eroHnl Hy, craio-xa, h nap- 
lifl— BOXTopa veiOBiRa oi petfpoirB... 06uoKEBai)TL. 

Cause sopsie, yiiiBinie He toaro mpeso^ oeho, a xaae, Kainb. 
TOBopHia sotfHisa, CRBOSB nmonb bex^Ltb, yasan Torqaoi-aBe h Birit 
noApofiHOCTH o6uoBa. 

— ^Boel.. HoxoAoft H erapiift... MoiOAOt— fiinift, crapHS nep- 
UBHt... Hy, H Bereft se, Bemeft, Gpan^u moh, pa86HpaDn— paso- 
6p9Tb He Moryn. Him(0 xyvaTb, ne esi npooTHxi^ noroHy h oxesa. 
roonoAOKan. CHorpHTe-sa, oMorpHxe, uoh eoJiOTiie oi oxnoro eBouk- 

DTB... OhH AyVaiH, HOJIOXUXH, ^TO, KaKl B^ KPJTOt IDpBHi, BOO 

Bi^ Kavepy nponyonm, vh boohoI oaobA xoffHTb aobboihti... Hin, 
maJoniiL! IIIeoTHriasHft Boir& ypaBKaerL! IIosHBHTe-Ka na meiaft- 
OKol 6aJiaHjrb, a neniiH vh qnxayoi nosaxyliel 

— PetfHTa, xa y HHrb SHHrn!.. dio yxi He MsKOiaH^y-A TaBa- 
pHHiH fiyxyn? Botb exasHo-To! Moxen, onaTb '^HiHKOBa npHBeun?^ 

TaKHHH saHi^BHiflMH nepe({pacHBaiHCB Mesxy oo6oft Boiyrb ape- 
otaHTii, Hosa HaxBHpaTex^ o6ucKHBajrB ktb hoajA OKHa KapaynHaro 
noirfcmeHiH, Tjsfb npoHOXOXHxa npiena HOBH^soKb. Ho jm6ousmrrBO 
omaHKH He 0uxo onmiom HaopaxeHO, h uk^b toibko Bopoia pao- 
fBopHiHCB, OHa, xaxi AOSAB, noeiiiiaxaoB no saMepaiTB, Topcmacs 
o&kjuEkTh. SI ooraiGfl ojqgB y Bopon. SaiBopaBmitt hxi HaxsHpaiejiB 
ooxsa6HJi(Mi. ^ 

— Hero Kflere? 

— Rto npHHHMaeTB hobh^obi? 

— KaKHX% HOBHVOB^? 

— Hy, ^ero-se xhtphtb? Boe pasno oeftnoi cawB ysHan. Ha- 
vaiBHHJM Hin? 

— HirB, TOfBEo orapnrift o^hhi. Gin MHHyiy BsrftAyrB. 

H TOHHO, HicKoxBKO HHHyTB onyoTH, HSi KapayiBHaro AOMa Bunua 
ilixaH Toina isAeft, h bi BoporarB nopBioi noHBHiHOB ABi $HrypH 
HOBHixoBi apecraHTOBi. JI fipocHxoa k:b hhhi oo cxoBam npHB^Ta... 
Ho, sib HoeHy yxHBJieHix), orapmifi HaASHpaxeiB, oeb aie h eKOHourB, 
Boerxa KpacHirt, xas^ khphhtb, cuimHO meneJiflBfli^itt TeioTHKB, tot- 
vioi se BCTajTB HexAy HaHH e rpoMso sanporeoTOBaJTB: 

— HeiBSfl, ecT^ HeiBsal HaI^u[BHHKl oefiTHOi UHAerB, nairB 
Harojranl 



Sm^B H3% MIPA. OTBEPSEHHBIX'B. 21 

Ero noM6psau apf^o HiM^HpaTexH, Tose noAHflBmie kpeb'l. H 

J0O HOBOlft peTHpOBMOfl. HOBH^KH rUAilH BORpyiTB 0% paOTepOHHUlTB 

HeA0j][iHi6]n». rpy6aa ^opMa o6fin»La, o^eBEAHO, jse npoiSBeia sa 
Hsxi oBoe A^cTBie, e o6a ruAiis aaipaBieHHUKH BOiKaME; saxsift, 
KOuraHfl BKAB npHAaBaia hitb h toibko mo EaA^tafl, MiniKOBaTO 
OEA^Bmaa apeoraHTOKaa offesa. H oi saAHOGT&D BriflAUBaion vh 

VUfB^ OTHGKRBaS Wh JOTb HHTeUHreHTRIia H OHUnaTH^HIUI ^epTii... 

Ko(^usa S6 oniHOjiaob: oahh'b 6eu% ooBoirb en^e nsoma, fiioHAnirb, 
^pyrofi, anauTejDbHo crapme, fipnHerb. Eaohahh'b noKasaica usk ko- 
peHacTHMi H mEpoKOiLie'UEirB; 7 Hero 6hu[o (Sesyooe, HoiosaBO-poso- 
Boe jomfi vb 60JU111HMH, noisEuiH Ao6poTH riasaioi; ojrh 6un 
BBBOJEOBaHi H Kpaftse OHynteHi iiepBuifE maiaflGSEifE BneuTJcft- 
jnon... Ero TOBapEOTB, BueoRitt, xyAon^asHft Hyaraaa 01 maisoBH* 
OTOft qepsot 0opoAOD, sanpoTEB'B, oKopie tun pasApasesB; TBMHHe 
rjiasa ero cepAiTO riEAlJiH esi-hoai ryoTHxi, no^E opoomEXOE 6po- 
Bet; owb E Ea HeEE rose OMOTpin o^ HeAOBlpieirb e he pasy He 
yxHCHyicH... 

— Hy» 8Ton eo mhoS se ooAaotoe, nosaxyft, — aeBOUHo aoAyMan 

41 Vb rpyOTBI):— OE'L^TO, AOJUKHO 6HXb, H eOTB AOBTOpi. MOJIOAOft, Ka- 

xercfl, npoiE^e e o6ii^Hxej[LHi^e. 

KorAa HaAdHpaTeiE bsoeuh ch apeeraRraME Ha KpuiBi^o tdpbhh 
EepeA^ rjiaBHUMi KoppBAopoMi, HOiOAoft ^eiOBtsi o6epsyjioa b% 
HOE) cTopoEy (fl mejTL osaAE, bi HtsoTopom OTAaioHiE) e. noeian 
XHt pyKoi BosAyniEiii no^biyft; so TOBapEn^ ero sfixe He oru- 
HyEOfl, BeoB norpysesEiit b% oboe hkoie. Sarbxi 06a onpiuiECB vh 
AesypEOE KOHsarb, rAt ex'b sanepiE Bi.oxEAasiE npflxoAa Jly^esa- 
,poBa. KorAa HaASEpaTeiE noorfc 8Toro yAaiEjiECB, h noAOisan Kh 
saMHHyTol ABeps, e lyrB xea^ty MEott e sauDqeESizEE npoEaomeJTB 

TOpOnJIEBilft, OTpUBOlHBdl, HO OSEBieHHHft 06lAWb BOHpOCOBl: 

— KaR'B Bama ^aHHiU? — nooiumajieH cypoBiift roioei, o^bbeaeOi 
-orapmaro esi HOBEqKOBi. 

A EasBaffB 066fl, 

— KaKil BHE-To E eoTb HBaEi HEKOJiaeBrrB? dro npaBAa? 

— no^exy sa Tas% yAEBAaereoB? — aaoiriuLicfl a:— eu h ao xoro 
^mnafffcji'B yxe no BEAy ea 8te foah? 

«— HlTB, E eefi^iaoi se Aon^taioa, ^0 bto, aojdbho fiuTB, BUy-— 

•OTBtaaJll EOJEOAOt rOJIOCB. 

— A MEi Aftxe E B*B rowBy ne npHinao,— oBasajU'B nepBHft:— e 
Ho^eny-TO AyxajTBi qro Baoi sa^ob h^tb, h ms 6jneurb coBepmeESo 

H)AHHOKHEE. 

— AxB, Bon no^eMy bhe noEasaiEOB xsi xaKEMi cTpamsuHi 

M EenpEBbTJOBUHll 

— PasBi? 0, sa njbsb s. ssoKOJaRo seorpamesi s CBopieACUice 
<OMrawb. Ho ssaeie, sama TDpsMa sarosEerB ysaci. 

— noroAETe, 8T0 en^e saiajHto b^ai* toibso... 

— Jly^esapoBi, roBopsTB, SBipnra? 



22 P7CGK0S BOFATCTBO. 

— FoonoAa, a siffB a-to BaniHxi j^aMulft emfi se SHan... 

— CA&iafiTe oAOJUKOHie: a— niTelsrapn, ^npifi HerpoBH^ik 
niTeftHrapTB, oryAeHTB-MewKX IV Kjpca. 

— A fl BaiepBAHi MnaSjEOBBn BamypoBi, DpHon-nepBOKjp- 

— Bs, noBHAHMOiiy, o^en emfi moxoxh? 

— Aa, Koieuo... A^affiaTB Tpa roxa... . 

— ;i;a H Baox, AifHTpil nerpoBiTB, KodBusa, KaaEeroEi HanpaoHo^ 
erapnorb OKpecTHJia? 

— PasBi yxe oKpeoTHxa? Bnpo^eiii, ^ro-si, Msi 28 An, m 

tOQ'TJljk 60TB ySM OiAUO BOIOOH... 

Mh nepe6poouHOB darbin hIokoibume ^pasaHH o x^kun, sib 
KOTopm o^ymnioB vh Uleiai, h onaih nepecKomi n xamoiiy 
nojioseHiD Bomet. JlExopaAOuo-tiHcrpHO Bonpoou xavB ■ nepe6R- 
Baa oMMWb xpiroft. 

*— RavB rjvh sKBeroA BOo6ii^e? O^reiiB-XH oRBepHo? 

— ?T0 affioB Boero crpaoiHie? manoost Boapooi? 

— Ara, BH yvB oiHxaiH! 

— EaKifl 7 Baei onomeiifl n apeoTasTaiiH? 

— n 01> HaqaAOTBOlTB? 

— IIooToflTei roonoxa, Ha otoibko BOnpoooBi opaay HeBOSHovHo^ 

OTBitETB. 

— Bh He oTBftTEu: TO^HO-JiH TaKaji SBipnra Jly^esapoBB, xarB 
npo Hero roBopan? 

— BuBaerB, koho^ieo, ■ BBipnrot, ho 6HBaeTB h ^eiOBiRoiTBt 
OMOTpfl, saKB H Korxa. 

— KaKB BH noooBiTyere nairB AepsaiBOfl ob HHm? 

— CookoSho, ho cb xootohhctbomb. 

— MoxHO-n TyTB Boofinte shtb? 

— EaxiB BHARTO, fl sHjrb... A TenepB, cb BamnrB npsOmieiiBv 
H noxaBHo oraHy shtbI 

— A Hejn»8fl-J[H OB BaHH BB oAHy xaMopy nonacTB? 

— BOTB GJiaBH0-6H 6IUOI 

— He 8HaD, MOSHO-n... Bnpo^oMB, eon JEyqesapoBB 6yAe<rB o^ 
Bam iDdesoHB, — nonpooHre ero otfB 8tomb. 

— ByxoTB ra owh ob Han na ««»? Mh xothmb bb TaxoirB. 
oiyui OTBi^aTB evy HonaHioMB. Bh nsB Ayvaeie? 

Ho, up&mjifi Hiwb fl yonijrB ooo6n^HTB oboh mhoju o6b eiovB 

lipeWeT&, Ha ABOpi paSAaJlOa HpOHSHTOIBHHtt, ipeBOSBHt CBHOTOBB, 

BOBB^maBinit BorynieHlH bb TDpBHy Ha^ajiBnu, h a nooirfcniu'B 
yAanTBOfl bb obox> Knepy. OAHaxo Bonenie Hoe 6hjio taiCB ohibho, 
vro fl HO Hon ioTB h ooraBHiB Q&kjs^h HOTpoHyrHMB. EpieiTB hoh- 
mofl OKOpbe, tImb a oxHAaiB, h hobhS obhotb bobbIothxb o&h. 
yAaieniH nieoTETiasaro. TorAa fl fipooHiOfl oqatb bb xoppHAopB h 
yBVAan yse HAyn^HMH HHt naBorpi^ IIlTetHrapTa h BamypoBa cb 
irtmKaMH KasoHHHXB Bennett bb pysaxB. Sa'^cb vh BnepBHO o6HflncE. 



SmE H3l MIPA OTBBPSSHHEirB. 23 

H paon^oBancB... BHosmaBinai Hsnb Bavepi nmaHu CFh MJo6oirsn^ 
OTBOiTB H oo^yBOTBieirb HafiiDAMa aiy oi^eHy. 

— Hy, xaKi H ^To? 3% Kaxifl saMepu msHa^eira? 

— npeAOiaBBTO, JEj^esapoFB Ciutb Heo6iaaioBeHHO ja>6e8eKb, 
jisestiBHeii AA H Toxuot IIpoiBHeoi MaieHLKjx) pb^B Bi noxBaiy 
oBoei ryMaiHOon e TDpeiuoft oiihthooth h ooBiTOBajrL sam o^no: 
TepniTB, TepnlTb h lepiilTbl KpoMi Toro, BiipaaajTB 6ojnuiiyi> paAoon 
Tony, ^10 ff noffB'B H Korj 6iiT& o^eHB noxeseflnb wb T»pBiift. 

— ^, Bama eiaBa, san saiiiuieiBBaro xosiopa, sapaifte affioB 
rpevixa. 

— fl noiyvJTL 8T0TB TiTjn jse Kb Ci6hpk, bo Bpeioi BTan- 
nro sjTemeozBifl, on 6iaroAapnBm naipesroBi. Ha oavoirB /(bii, 
fl jse roBopu^b Bam, a Boero xamb orjAeHn lOTBepraro Kypoa... 

— Hy, ^TO se, roBopHjra bh (r& hutb o Kaicept? 

— Kasi se. Ob foxBiiiHirB yxoBoiBOTBierb oorxaouefl, Tro(^ 
a soeejuuca BMioTft (tb Baim, BaiepBany se HasHavm xpyrol 
lOHepi. y MOHfl, roBopiTB, o6ii^ee npasuo: no bobhoshooth xpo6itb 
la MOJEitf HaoTH Bot rpynnu, saKis touko MoryrB sanftqaTBon ope^H 
apeorasTOVB, — Taiapi, csom^oBi, paosoAiniKOBi... HoBBOxBTe, — onpa- 
BiHBaeirBKH,— Aa bIab mh ho raiapH i se csompi?— BaeB,— orsi- 
vaen,— fl Hasosy rpynnoS o6pa80BaHHiirB jn>AelL..vHaxoAUBi,6eoTuil 

& BBei^B HOBux'B OBOix'B TOBapH^oi vh MOD Kavepy, H ape- 
emsTH TOT^aoB xe, He KdMMjs,MCh iipoob6h, noxBaTain y hhxi hbi 
pyKi MimxH H KKsymoB o^nmtaTB Ha napaxib Kioro phaom'b cb noes 
nooteni), a KorAa ysnan, qro oahhi tojuko ^hhtpU nerpoBHTO 
fiyxeTB XHTB BAioB, OTajiH BspasaTB cHjiBHoe orop^eme. 

— H ^ero HiTB nojrbmaxo, BapBapam, BoftrB ipoHxi Biriort 
HoeaiBTB? HapB, qTO-n, He XBaiHJio? — B08l[y^^tf0fl npinexB hoS 

^POVB. — TO-HOB, BO BCeM-B BpO^y OXHy BHAHTB, yrioHHTB BesAi 
JIOpOBHTBl 

SI nopeROMOHAOBan ^pKa BHHMaHix) hobh^kohb, sasB orapHH- 
laro OBoero oosHTeJur, oi kotophitb o^ohb ApysevB. 

— A^SHO 0iiTB, owb OesB BHHHE Honan oDAa? — onpoouTB Ba« 
4BpBiurB EamypoBB: — h no; ni^y beaho oeluci, irro ^eennit le- 

— Hy, sasB Bam OKasaTB, — BacMiuoH h, — apecraHTH noHOMy-ro 
EOBopan^ npo ero ^ecTHOCTB: ^oprB ee necan, Aft h qeoaxKy oio* 
Man! 

— BnniB B%AB Rasoft BpeAHiit neJiOBis'B btotb MiKOJiaHTB! — 
otiiHMH pysaMH saoKpeOB obod roioBy ^poKi: — KaKi mohh TOBapn^ 
nuui'B OBOHMB aireoryerb! He BipBie eny, ne BipBTe eny — nepBut 
BO Boett TnpBKb bojoikhuubI 

— Bh Tose y^HTB nacB 6yAeTe, usi HnaHi HHsojiaeBHTB? — 
noAomejcb k% HOBHHsaMB, saHOKHBaDme yjra6aflOB, JlyHBKOBB, — bsi 
He BHaeie, y naci TyrB b^ab i^oe yuume ocHOBaHO, roonoAa, h 
a BB HOMi nepBHt y^enm. 



24 P7GCK0E BOFATCTBO. 

CoxaTHft npespHTenHo ^HpKHyjb vh OBoerb yriy, so npoHOJi- 
HajTB. 

— OAHa 6i]UBk, — npoAoxsaJii JlyEBKOBi, — HBaHi HnKOJiaeBSTB 
npHJTbHHBaTBCfl ^To-TO sa^aJiH, He sasHHi Be^epi Haoi o6yiain-B. 

A pasoKasajni UlTeftHrapTy h BamypoBy o cBoet mKOJrt; OHa kn 
SHBO BaHHTepecoBaia. A sorxa a saroBotftm ■ o 6uBmHr& o;[ho 
BpeMfl Bi TDpBMi ^eHlflxi Bojiyxi, TO apeoraHTK noAAepsara neHA 
rpoMKBm C0HyBCTB6HHHirB ponOTOMi; ctaxH Bop^aTB H pyraTB IIIeoTH- 
riasaro ji^me rt, sro ohohb Maio HHiepeooBaJiofl OiiBaio KHHSRaKH. 

Meauy t^itb ^iposi BusBaioa o6i^raTB bi KyxHK> saBapnrB sm 
Hao% Hafl. SI san esy cBot KOTeiora, wb ROTopHfi saoHnaii qaf , 
a oaiTb noBejTB TOBapsmet bx Kaiiepy, Hasna^esHyi) HioTOXHTejiB- 
cTBoiTB BaiepBima. XbiBmie laH'B apeoraEni BOTpinn Haoii ci 
TfciTB se SHBHirB oo^BOTBieM'B H rooTonpiHicoTBOirB, npH^erB npo- 

HBOmeJI'B IipH6j[H8I[TeJ[BH0 TaROfi se O0]r&El MUOiaiCH, RaR'B E B'B 

Moei RaMepi. Sa^ob shii, Hes^y npo^HirB, h o6m\i orapoora K)xo- 
peBi. Oh'b ibTUCB se noflBHioa Boaii Haoi h, paBBasHo h Apyse- 
ciBeHHO nosAopoBaBiiiHCB 8a pyRH 01 HOBHqRaMH, yoiioa pawirB h 
BorynEJi'B bx pasroBopi. npeAoraBHTejuHafl HapysHooTB lOxopeBa, 
OTspsmitt, yMHHi bha:b h rBraHTORlfi poen npoHBBen, bhahmo, na 
HEX'B BHymHTenHoe Bne^aTiiHie, h ohh ffoiroe BpoMfl HeAoyicfiBajiH, 
CB vAwb hmIdtb KijLO. ^eioBiRi btotb, A^ficTBHTeiBHo, uori npo* 
HBBOAHTB TaRoe BnewTjrfciiie. Owh bogb, RasajiocB, oootoajtb hb'B 
Offmvh MyoRyjHEOBi), vory^HXi h RpinRErB, RaRi cTaxB; domnie, oi- 
pne rxasa tmsji^e otbhsho h pinmrejsBHo, h Tpy;^Ho 6iuo BUHecTH 
Hxi npflMoi, npoHBBTeiBHufi BarxflA^; AUHane you oRaftiuflJU BHep- 
FEHHo oiiep^eHHHfl ry6u. 3a to noA6opoAOR%, Rpyrjoifi h stCROJORO 
BHAannuiofl, a TaRse h moRH Boer^a o($pHBanoB oi npMOim^i) 

OTORia MMM TafiHHX'B apeOTaSTORHXl» 6pHTKB. J[o6l tifiJTB BaMi^aTOiBio 
HEBRit, H BB OpOAHHy OFO npaBHIBEHMlb TpeyrOIBHHROM'B BAaBaXHOB 

secTRie lepmie boiogh. 9to npsAaaajio ouyrjiOHy, js^nMoncj hbjij 
bAoroibro eypoBHfi, noTrn oBHpinHt bha'b, ho he Haio ne yiieH&- 
maio BneiaTjr&Hifl fioiBinoro, HeoonopsMaro yua, BHAHiBmarooa bb 
RasAOfi qepTi h bb Ras^OMi seori SToro OEiBHaro ^eiOBiRa. ByAytt 
ooBepmeHHO HerpaHOTHuirB, lOxopeBi roBopsjTB Boerxa Tan yinto, 
niaBHO H ]ifixe RpaoHBo, nepeoHnajTB cbod pi^h TaRot Maooofi opHTE- 
HaiBBHXi anETeTOBB H HoroBopoRi, ^TO eojHEH nooxiAHie He-6HU le- 

pes^ypi OTRpOBeHEU, to BH MOFIH 6eGiA0BaTB Ol HBITB 6ETHt ^nUTB H 

Aase He AoraAaTBCH, ^to snieTe a^o n npooTHMi, Eeo6pa80BaHHUM% 
MysEROEx, a HO 01 RaRHHi-HR6yAB fiapHHoiTB opeAHel pyRE, seHi^eMi, 
noHlnvROMi. HenpeRioHHaa boxh ^axacB bo Boeft bto* seiisHoft, 
fiorarapoRH oRpoeHHoft ^srypi, vh en nopHBEOTUx'B h BvivA oAop- 
saHHHX'B ABHseHiflxi, B'B 6HOTpott, BooFAa TopouEBoft, HO rpai^oB- 
Hoi noxoARi. AopEooBiiBaH BHiiiiER)R) ^EsioHOHii) K)xopeBa, oRasy 
en^e, ^to h 6HJrB OAHasAH chjibeo yASBxevB h ho^te HOHyraH'B, ysE- 
AaBi ero pasAiTBiMi bi 6aHi e noRpiiruvB ryoTHMH, noxHaTUME 



En^ H87> MIPA OTBEPSEHHHXl. 25 

BOiooaMH no Bceft onHv&... Botb 6oraT8fl nHH^a ffu jiOM6po3one- 
^BXTh BEaoj^OBi, HeBoiBHO noAjMan a\ 

ApeoraHTH noroJiOBHO ysasajra h tioasHOB K)xopeBa, ho BOBoe, 
KasaiOGB, He noTovj toj^ko, hto ohl 6us% cxapooTofi, h h h6 bh- 
jiarb oiy^ufl, mo6u kto-hh67ab cepBesHO oiiiiiHjiofl oi hhitb, botj- 
HHjnb no RaKOM7-j[H6o noBoffj bi» rpy67i> nepefipaHRj. Biipo^en, 
K)xop6B% H H6 Tepnin npoTHBopitiit 066i. Ci Mexxoi mnanoft, 
KOTopoft oiy^axocB rtirB-HH6yAB nporniBHTB ero, owb pacnpaBXHiea 
no cBoeMj: 6HOTpo BoxaKHBaxi oi napi h cbohmh skxhctuxh py- 
sam rHranra HauHaxiB, ne roBopfl xy^oro cxoBa, xhtb h TysHTb 
<ooiipoTHBJieHie (iiuo, sohoiho, homeicxhko), ihKb HTO xepiBi ooia- 
BaiocL OAHO: o6paTHTB ooopy bi myTxy h hoxhtb non^aAH. Gi 
<cepBe3HH]ni» apeoraHTan lOxopoBii Aepsa^cH, Bnpo^eirB, bi bho- 
met GToneHH TaxTH^no h ooToposno. 

. — Bamn Benin, rocnoxa, — ofipaTnxon on Vh uomtb TOBapH- 
n^avB, — oTHecenii bi axayoi. fl cairb n noxosvxi. Ecra hto-hh- 
^yXB nysHo AoeraiB, umA toibko cxasHre. SI sb;^ qaoTo Tyxa xosy 
<i> KooHoaamHHM'B ^pTon n, tto yro^no, (rBynix) bsatb, owh le sa- 
xinrB. «Th cbmotxh y neu, K)xoxeB%, ne orann i(ero>. An, no- 
saicicTB oik bi oaho m'6oto rxasa Tapan^nrB, pusifi nenrDxx, a 
yvB B% ffBaffi^aTB cTopom ycniii noBopnyrBon. Paai! pa8%I — ^n ro- 
TOMj» BSflxrb, ^0 wsfk nysno. Bb oAnoirB nsi anunxoBB xesarb lairb 
J Baei, fl Bn;^x'B, ^epnnxa, nepBH, noHTOBan dynara... Toxbko rxa- 
BOKfe MoprAne nni! 

Mif. no6xaroAapun iOxopena sa xDfiesnoe npe^xoxenie, no otsjeo- 
HBw ero. 

— . Ob Jly^^sapoBHHB y Monn Toxe 6oxBnian jxpjm6dk... SI vkj^h 
Kaayffirt a^hb nomy eny b% xonropy npo6nHt ofiiiAi, — ny, n TyrB 
pasroBopn y naci Bonsaro po^a nponcxo;piTL. HaxnBai) eny, oano 
*eoj5ox}, faxi, ^7061 snpy OoxBme nxanaio cBepxy... Bon EBanB 
HHKoxaeBn^'B no aToiiy oiyqax) npeiensix) Hni pasB BHcxasHBaxn: 
saiAn n aro A^ax>? Ha^o, moxi, nanpoTHBi, oansd xyAmii coprB 
mum va^aiBCTBy noxaauBaTB... Ho aro noTOHy toibxo, roonoAa, ^no 
Huani flnxoneBHTB,— ne bb o6nAy eny 6y;^ cxasano,— AeoaxB xirB 
npomaeT^ bb TDpBMi n BoeTaxn nn^ero ne nofinen bb namett 
^Boxonoft snsnnl Ymb nxB ne t&vb boboo sannTB, botb onn n Ay-. 
xaiiTB,. nio- npaBAOfi Hosno Bcero Ao6nTBcn. A n no onHTy snan, 
^nro Bci 9a6oTH na^axBCTsa nameMB 6paTb — oAno toxbko noxasaiie 
BHxa. KaxB HH eoTB AJifl Hero xaTopsnue, napnaxn, TaxB n 6yAexB 
nun AO oKonqanin Bixal B^ab ^to-sb, npoCoBaxB n noxasHBaTB n 
naoTonniyx) 6axanAy. SaTonaerB norann, saxpn^HTB: «A! ts, ana- 
^iTB, BOpBit CxasHTe na vnxocTB — BopB. ^a ^rodB eny oanoiiy n 
na rroxB n na 8tomb oBirb TaxB nasnBaTBcn otb BopoBOTsa, xaxB 
41 8AicB nasnBax)CB! He6ocB, 6eai nrranoBB xoahtb 6yAeTB. fl ne 
«aopx) — ^a Bopyx), no toxbko ne y cBoero 6paTa; aoboxbbo ob nena 
m Toro, ^0 anonovB npoalBHsaeTB, xorAa kb BioanB ob nnin> xosy. 



26 P7CGK0B BOFATGTBO. 

Bote, rocno^a, nooii Taxot epysAU a h pinnurB hooitb nieoTHrjia- 
80117 Ha npoOy oabhi toibko BepxHiS HaBapi. H TenepB loi SHBem^^ 
ApysBflMv. ffilaxKO, no 6aHff y Haoi ceroAHji ho ToueHa, nevy 
nonpaBjiflSTB. Hy, ys'B sa to b% curbAynniyD cy66oTy a caMOjariHO^ 
BacTB, roonoAa, Bsnapn, xaKi BKnapn,^ xas'B, nosaiyft, h oaiTB ry- 
6epHaT0pi He napHToa... Xa-xa! Bana — bto Hoa^ moxho oKasaTB^ 
enei];iaiBHoeTB. 

— O^HaRO ^TnpoKi yaPB, nosaiyi, aaBapan nam lafti — noA* 
HHioa a CB Kiora,— nott^eiiTe, roonoAa. 

lOxopoBi rose b'&xjihbo Beran. 

— Saa^HTB, m 6yAerB 01 BavH na oah^x'b napaxi lexaTB, b^ 
T0BapHiii(ax7b, Tas'B oKasaiB, shtb?— ofiparajica ovb itb BaTypoBy: — 
BoTB H OTjnraHO. 06b qai HHRorAa ho fiyAore 8a6oTHTBoa, y Heaa Tyrs 
CTO A^BOiOBi HaflAOToa KB yojiyTaMi vb nyxHi) cfiiraTB. dit th, ^- 
BHpio ^yxoHOsoel — spHSHyjrB owh BApyrB na apecTanta, xexaBjnaiO' 
paAOiTB (TB noorexBi) BaiepBaaa: — y6HpaSQa-sa orcDAa no-Ao6py, no- , 
BAopoBy, a TyiB ury! 

— A MH* TyTB pasBft xyAo? — npofiopMOiaio nysHpio. 

Ho K)xopeBB, san RomRa, npsrHyjrB na napu, r ho yonixB ape* 
oraHTB onoMHHTBoa, BaK'B yace nepeieTijrB Baicrt oi oBoeft aoAOTHi* 
KOi Ha APyroe Miero, a noAoraxKa lOxopena o^yraiaoB phaoitb ob Ba- 
lepBHHOBOKOfi. Ko6iuaa 0A06pHTeiBH0 sarpoxoiaja; noAynaBB aeMHoro,. 
pasoirhaioa h noiapniBniiR, piniHBB, iro tiiaropasyiiHie Boero orae- 
OTHOB myrjoiBO zt> oBoeay aeBOJEBHOMy salto mortale... Paaeir&aueB k 

M2I, BUXOAH BOKB H8B KaxepU. 

— ?T0 8T0 8a 2HU0CTB?— OUpOCHJTB MeHH BlTetHrapTB. 

— O6ni0TK>pe]iHiifl oTapocTa, BTopoil ba^cb i^apeKi noort Jly^e^ 
8apoBa. 

— Oho h bhaho; ho pasBft orapooTa noAsyeToa TaEofi BiaerBn? 

— He Boaxit, xoae^HO; ho btotb veiOBteB, BasB oaMH BiAin^e, 

He Wb AIUBHHH. 

— Owh xaseroa imi o^ohb oHMnaTH^HHM'B, a BaMB? — enpoouTB. 
BaiepBaHi. 

— HHHero oe&k. BnpoqeirB, a o^ohb aajio ero 8Hai>| xan Kan- 
Boe Bpeiuc mu% ob hhitb bb pasaaxB xaMepaxi. , , 

HipoKi yse o6opyAOBan cboo gkiLo, h kotoioki 01 laeMi, npa- 
npaBJieHHuirB, KaKB OKasajiocB, hh BicTB oTKyAa BsaBinHMoa uosozonp 
OToajTB Ha Hapaxx^ yKyTaHHHft co B&brb oropoHi hohh'b xaiaTOMi. 

— ?to6b ho gteutb, — cKasaJTB RyaBMa, ooKiafijuacB h yoiyxxHBO 
paoKyniBaa ^aft. 

— Hy, saaqHrB, napyeiiB, roonoAal — nparjiaoHJrB a rooreS. 

Ho TOJBKO TTO aa^aJiooB napmecTBO, KaKB ABepB myuo paoTBopn- 
laoB, H wh Kaxepy Bomen, vh mtJoA na 6eKpeHB e vl ^paHroBaia 
HaKHHyroiTB na nie^H xaxaT&, yj[ii6aaoB bo bod posy a KaKB-TO yMo- 

pHTOnHO BilRHAUBaa BB OTOpOHH KOXAhH, TVpeMHHft CKOMOpOXB S 

Aypa^oEi KapnymKa JlanaTOBX. Pnxie, Kani mopkobb, B0200U, laKaa 




EH^B n31» MIPA OTBSPSBHHfilX'B. 27* 

me pHaufl (SopojieHxa, BBixoAnmaa Hai-nojTB men h ooTaBUBinafl ro^ 
jom noffiapojiflJL'hy HeKpaoHBoe BeoHymaToe heho n ie6aiBiiiHin^ 
BaxepHjTHirb Hoooirb h luyroBaTHMH oipHVH raasaKH^ DOTinnraa 
ysHMKH H uoTO xaHKaiHHH TijEOABBseHiA, BOB 6uA0 vb Kapnynocft. 
cBoeo6pa8Ho h vh BHcmett cienesn komh^ho. Oau ssi apeorasroBi 
o^HTaiH ero npuo oyMadneAnxHin., AP7rie» HanpoiEBi, zbtphitb opott- 
soxoS, HaxoxfliilHir& jamb BHroAHUirB wui oefiji Kopurb atp^ua-^ 
TpjxHO 6H20 piniHTB BTon Bonpooi, Tirb 6ojr6e ^o JUsnaTOBi bo^ 
Boe HO crpeHuoa vb Tony, Kb ^eicy orpeHEJUcb o6sKsoBeHHHe GHMy-^ 

MBWBI, T. e. Vb OOBOdOSA^KiD 0TB pafiOTb H Vb nOMill^HiD Bl60IB*s 

HHiii. HiOFAa nonaB^b Ty^a, owb Ha«Hajr& o^ohb CBopo pBaTBos 06- 
paTHO B-b TDpBiiy, a na pa6oTi TaKse 6iurB cKop'ibe HSAimHe Tpyxo-^ 
jaoSmvb, lixB jAhhbb h XHrepi. 

— SxpaBCTByflxe, roono^a noniTeHHiie, — Hawaii RapnyniKa, npa- 
caanBaacb oi» Ham pflxOMx; — ho npneTe-JiB h kohh vb Bamy xespn '^)?* 
H BikAB Tose ABopaHBOKaa RpoBB, noTOny — xotb MaxB y MeHfl h ici- 
n^aHsa, a oto^b-to 6iUB ishobhikb. 

— ^a BiffB BU caMH, EapnyniKai roBopHJOi, ^0 oTi^a e ho be- 
xan HHSorxa, ?xo bh — ^HesaKOEioifl? 

— A E TeoepB He roBopio, hto a saKossiril, a bo6-sb xotb e ho^ 
01b Toro 6osy, a kpobb-to XBOpflHBCRaa cBoe bo mh^ o608Ha?aeTB. Bipaa 
a roBopDl y MOHa iAju> a ofijiE^ae-TO HacTOan^ee XBopaaBoaoe... He- 
nno Mono Keaa opaBaaTB bobb OBero aiB OBoro xapefi? — KHBayjTB 
KapnyniKa bb cropoay apeoraaTOBi. Ilooiixind aaxoxoTan. 

— A a BiAB no x*^! npamen-TO bb aaMB, roonoxa. RoTopHl^ 

TyTB EBB BapB, rOBOpBTB, XOXTypB OCTB? 

— Hy, noiosHMi, a, — orosBaioa UlTetHrapTB. 

— A noBBOiBie ysaaTB, KasB BOJunaTB sacB? 

— ^METpiS nOTpOBETB. 

— TasB BOTB CB To6oi, Marpift neipoBan, Mat ayacEO 6yxeTBs 
erb pyu Ea pysy aoroBopETB. 

KapnymKa npE aioai aaoroBsauTenEO noxMEFEyjiB. 

— Bb Heax-ace x^o? Hie bh cTicEaeTecB nooTopoasEXB? 

— Msk Hero (rrtoEETBca! SI aarxft ae o6po(SiD. A a caaoaj^ 
meoraciaeoay aa Kasaeft aoBipsft aci CBoa aucjia Bupasan. Botk 
xxy ome — ae xosxyoB oapysaoro xoxTypa, ob aaaB lose xoriiocB 61^ 
Mat CffOBe^KOMB-xpyraMB nepoKaayTBoa. 

— y BaOB (JoiaTB ITO^BBCyXB? 

— y MOfla Bayrpa aaeroan^aa-TO 6oxb oaxaTB. Baxare-aa, MaTpift 
IleTpoBa^B, a rasB nojuaran, y aeaa kogtoub oxaot bb caaai aiTB. 
A ^pmaiB sxiaiaifi, Seaiaaosit, roBoparB: apeniB, cofianifi chbb^ 
7 Te6a eoTB aocxo^Ra. A xasoe TaaB eoTB, sorxa a xopomo saan^ 
w£o ea aiTB. 



*) Kasercfl, eBpeftcRoe ciobo, o6o8HaqaH)ii(ee TOBapan^ecTBO npon^aaHPB^ 
maixy JKjjaaovb, 

JlpuM. aemapa. 



28 FFCCROB BOFATCTBO. 

— Snaere ^to, Kapnymxa,— npefliosEJrB a:— bu BXffpyroe Bpeua 
Eor;(a-HB6yAB nocoBiTyeTeoB orb Averpieirb IleTpoBneirB; Torxa osi 
xopomeEBEo oomotphti^ saei. A TenepB om, bbxhto, oi> AOporH, j^aftre 
^Mj nOKoft. Mu H oaMH-TO He yoiiiiH en^e noroBopiiB, KaKi oii^TerB. 

-* n Bi oaiTb Aiii, nomen bohi, KapnymKal— saKpH^taiH Ha 
Hero apeoTaHTii:— ^ero tu ATPOvy-To HS'Boefifl osasHBaeniB? IIpoBa- 

JIEBaft BO OBOflOHl 

KapHymKa paBHOAyniHo onanHyjTB na oropoHy h npoAoixaJii oh- 

A*Tb. 

— XHTpnt BH, HsaHi MHsoiaHTL, onyiHTB otb ee6fl KapnymKy 
ocoTHTe. BaM^-TO noroBopHTB HesTB co6oi, bi xoBpi^ oBoeft ^aftxy Ha- 
HHTLOH, a y hohh, hosho oxasaTB, o shshh an cHeprn js^luio Hffen. 
ToBopn, xooTOHKH y MOHfl wb cnHH^ wkrbl SI OEasiiBax) ^pmaiy: 
AaBaft TH MHi HacTOflHtefi zaHamH, xaKOft, ^to6ii ona, snamrB, 60- 
^isHB H8i iKOOieft BOHB BiiroHflJia. A owhj ipuraHCKaH ero Hop^a, Ra- 
iHAaTOMi A& RaiHAaToiTb Boe xeHH nn^RaerBl A RajiHAaTB — ^h SHai), 
HTo laRoe. Ohb ^ab 6oxi8HB vh HyTpo, wb rooth BroHflerB... 

— dio TTo se TaRoe sa RaiHA&TB, h RaRot laRoi xanaHiH eny 
eyxHo? — BB HeAoyM^HiH o6paTHJEOfl ro usA IIlTefiHraprB. 

Mni yse AOCTarouo HSBicreH'B 6iijrB boob KapnymRHEB ojioBapB, 
H fl 06'BflOHHn, ^To xanaHiei owb nasHBaerB^ noBHAHHOMy, Boo6n(e 

BOflKOe jARapOTBO, npOHBBOAH 9T0 CIOBO, 0HTB HOaCOTB, OTB XHH£I^ a 

sajTOAaTOMi — ^Ran-ioAarb. 

IIlTeftHraprB h BamypoBi rpoMRo saeiiiHiHOB, hxb noAAopxan h 
iikwb KapnymRa. 

— Bx TOMi-TO H n^Q... BOTB cefiwci bhaho, vto AOXTypB Ha- 
cTOflmift— Bce noHHManTB. SI jm snax), ^ro ohh MHi Haorofln^et xa- 
naHiH nponHmyTB. Cetqaoi saviHaeinB xopomaro ^eiOBina, ne to iro 
HfiaHB MHRoiaeBH^'B, ROTopuft HHROFAa ffiMe He yj[u6HeTCfl uai... 
npoBi^HBaft, HOJTB, RapHyiDRa JbinaTOBi! Th ri Hoefi xeBpi ho hoa- 
xoAHmB... A no^eny h ne noAxosy? Y HeHH Tose ABopHHBCRaH b^a^ 

EpOBB. BOTB AaiH 6u B£I HHi, rOOHOAa, ^ftRy ABOpHHBORaro HOHHTB. 

EaflxoBiaA TOi— ohb, sHaere, xopomo Tose no sHJtaMi paoxoAHToa, 
oco6j[hbo esejiH 01 koioromb. Jlyqme BOHRoft xanaHiH. 

JlfljLU KapnyiHRi ^aniRy qaD. Cnoet 6eciAH narb xaR'B h ho yAa- 
^ooB booth: CRopo nooAumajioH obhctor'b A^sypHaro h ero se bsboi- 

HOBaHHUt RpHR'B HO ROppHAOpy: 

— BHJiasB Ha noBipRyl CRop'^t na noBipRyl CaMi Ha^aiBHHRi 
<JyAen>! 

Jly^esapoBi a&bho yse ne noHBJifliOH na noBipnax^ ooficTBOHHoi 
nepcoHoft, H oeroAHH roTOBHJtacB,— o^eBHAHo, no exy^ax) npH6HTiH ho- 
BHHROBB, — TopseoTBOHHafl i^epeHomH. 

— JLn6e^QWb'To ohb xnOeseHi 6ju% O'b Bann, a nonyraTB Boe- 

TaRH XO^OTB, — myTJUTBO SaMiTHJIB fl TOBapHQ^aH'B, BUXOAH O'B HHMH BO 

j^Bopi TDpBHH, H noonimHJTB npeAynpoAHTB hxi OTEOOHTeiiBHo Toro, 
'qro cJiiAOBajio hm% A^aTB bo bpomh noBipRH h Rani bocth oete. 



£in;B H3l MIPA OTBEFSEHHHl'B. 2ft 

Ob BamypoBum mi Tjn-se npocTUHOB, A7Mafl» ^ro xo yrpa yse 
HeyBHjpiHOfl (SoxBme. Oa'b HaapaBuofl ri OBoet Baxepi, KOTopaa oipoH^ 
ncB B^ APJTOiTL KOHi^ A^HHHOtt apeoTaHTCKOt mepeHFE. Tam IDxo- 
peBi lonaoi se npHuii ero qoai oBoe nospoBiTeiBOKBo, nocxaBHKb. 
saoBoet xoryqei onHHon. IIoBen h a IIlTelHrapTa la to MioTO, r^i 
meBejisneB naniH coKaiiepHiKH. BoerxamEoi mm napa — ^po&T> yse^ 
OToan Bi n6pejpieMi» paxTi noxsnxaa voHfl h BHeprHUoS fipasLi) 
nporoHflfl BCflsarOi kto no 8a6HBqiB0CTH mumtea, saHHTb noBaw era 
Moe irfccTO. BnepoAH UlTettHrapTa, oraBioaro jfajsfiWb oo MHODy bhta^ 
lyioa TEnBTb nenffB. 

H$ff8HpaT6u 6e8nosoftHo xeiaiofi nepoA^ crpoeicb apeoiaHTOBi, flk- 
laa vifb npexBapsreiBHHfi o^btb. E toxbko TonepB jxapm sbqsok'b. 
xa noBipsy; ho h noojrb bbohm mu vepaxH eme osoio niixs KHsyn^ 
a meoTiTjuAHt Boe ho noKaauBaioff. 

— BHOToixy HaMi, saRi* xopomsMi xapeSi^aMi, Aiiaenl— oorpuB 
HoyHiiBaDmie apeoiaHTii. 

HaKOHeifi, sa pimer^aTEiiiH BopoTam npoHBoouo jiBiaKeiile, h Ha. 
riasarB y BcirL noHBHiaoL BejnraaBaa $Hrypa vh 6ojiBinot xoxnaTofl 
Baiiax'fc H nrnpoHo pa3BiBax>ntetcfl mHHejiH. Mu aboo yse ctohih AaBHa 
6en manoK'B. PaonaxnyjiHOB mapoKo BopoTa. Tono nponoTHBmii ap-* 
iiiHHi HaAdHpaTOAB npopeB&ii neecreoTBeHHo siihhhmi foiooohi ko- 
HaHAHHfl OAOBa: 

— CMHpp-Ha! manKH Aoi-iott 

CoTHH roiOBB MOKeHTajuHO, CI myvoHi, o6HaaEHjraoB. 

— maaRH HaA&TB) — TopomiiHBo, noHTH ho AaBi kohutboh HaffSH- 
paieiBOKOMy Epesy; npoHSHecB Jly^esapoBii. 

— npoAOJisaeTB 6utb jindeanHHii, — ^menHyABalllTeflHrapTy h oiersa 
iiOKOOHJioii Bi» ero oropony. Ho UlTefiflrapTB HH^ero ho oTBixHn hhA^ 
I H 3aMlTHJiB, KaBB unjo ero noreHH&co e to h a^o noAoprHBaiooK 
lepBHHHH cyAoporaHH... Jly^esapoBOKaa jwCoshootb, o^eBHAHo, xajio 
yrlmaxa ero. ^aJiBHiliniafl qacTB noBtpsH opoHiia ob o6u^BOfi noHHofi, 
00 pasB yoraiOBieHHott ^opni h, ei o^aerBD, 6e8% bcheezb HenpiflT- 

IHXl EHI^HAeHTOBB. HapHAa Ha pa60TH He HHTaiOCB, TaBB SaBB AOHK 

6wn> oyMoTHlfi. 

— no BaHepaHi maroHi Map-pmB! — nporpeniia saBiDUTeiBHaa 
KOMaHAa, H poBHHH'B pHTMH^ecEHKB maroHi, noHapHO^ apectaHTH ABH- 
HyiHOB B'B TDpBHt. J!l,HHTpift mejTB BoepoAH HOHfl, (Si^iAHUft H cyvpa^- 
HHi, noHypa roioBy. Bb BoppHAOpi B'B HauB noA^^ajii BaiepBHHB 
BamypoBi. 

— 8to ysaoHO... aro ysacHo, rocHOAal — npomenran oeb, BOHByiB- 
oiBHO eiECEEBaa oe6i naflBi^H pyBi. lOHomeeBH-posoBoe jdiao ero otBl 
BoaH6Hifl en^e 6ojLie paspyMHHHJiocB. niTefiHrapTB Kojraai'B, ho ^yBCTBa 
ero 6uiH MHi noHHTHu. T^hb ho xeHle, a nonpoOoBaJTB yjoitiHyTBca h 
QKasaiB yonoBOHTeiBHUM'B tohoitb: 

— A pasBi BH Jiy^raaro TOro-HHfiyAB sqajiH, rooHOAa? TaHAHTe na. 
»Ti BentH ({)Hioco$cBE. HeAypHO Tasse, ocjih mosho, sanaciHOK 



^0 pycCBOS BOrATCTBO. 

DMOpOITB. Bo BOflXOMl Ciy^ftt, EOTJlfl, nOSBBOTe 8Ai0L,T0 OOFJiaOHTeOB 

iX) MHott, ^To se ara orop^eHiii xjAmaji oropoHa BaToprir. 

Mk eme pasi nosau jxpjn Apyiy pyu h pasciajraoB. B% kbt 
uejA, He«A7 '^^'^^ apeoraiiTH oimtb bhotpouhob bi mepeHni. Mst oi 
UlTeiHrapTon, zavb h npexAO, Borajui nosaff ^ipKa ■ Coxararo, 
Boart CBOHU Hapi. 

^BepB 6HOTpo paonaxHjxacB, ^ejioBin imtb sv^Hpareieft BxertHt 
Basi TparaHi, h oahbtb hbi hmx'b npoBpH^aii ofiuuoe: 

— CMxpp-Ha! 

BHyniHTeiBHO aaiieAieHHHHH maran Bomen JIjHesapoB'B, oehah- 
Baii nuinBUiTb mvujipwb jnm[a apeorasTOBi h beahmo bofo-to otho- 
BiKBafl. ymiTaHHoe, pyioiHoe ni^o ero no o6fiiBHOBeHiD ^jTb-HyrB jjdi- 
6aioo& HpoHH^eoiur, vh fipaBOM'B mTa6e%-KairaTaHl He npoHBomio bo- 
x>6mfi HHsaKoft nepeirlHu tybTirb nop^, Kaici ^HxaTexB bha^jtb ero bi 
nooj^AHift pasx, sa ECKiDieHierb oahofo tojibro: oetb hoovi'b yxe noi- 
Hue sanHTaHCKie noroHu, ■ 8to otfcrofliejiBOTBo, sofleHHo, Morao npn- 
xaiB eMy innB 6ojBnie BHyrniTeisHooTR e BeiH^aBooTH. 

HaKOHeqi, owb yBHAan UlTeiHrapTa h, npH&iEBHBiiiHOB, Hoi^a 
noAaiTB eMy hecbko, Koiopoe BUHyn hsi 6oxoBoro KapMaHa. Sartn 
spyro nosepHyjioi ki Hi^SHpaTejuuTB h npoHsseoi oepAnro: 

— Bh ojuinnrre aanaxi? Eotb rjTh sanaxi? 

— He HoxeM% snaTB, rocnoAEHi Ha^aABHHX'B, — EOAotioorpaoTEO ot- 

BiTHJTb KTO-TO, Vb HepimSTeXBHOOTE. 

— Kasi He Hoxere snaTB? Hooa HaAO He eitItb, Tro0i He ommaTB! 
TaABity 0TBpaTHTeASH& saorax'B! 

— Jifi, oho to^ho ^HsojioBaTiifi BOBAyxx, rocnoAHH*L Ha^anHHB'B, — 
^rJiacMCfl TOTL se naASHpaTeA. 

Tflsemft sanarB wb Hamefl KaMepi sa noortxHee Bpeiui oA&iajKoa 
no^eiiy-TO npeAMeroiTB nocTOflHHiix'L HaGiDAemfi h paBApasenifl 6pa- 
saro Ha^axBHHKa. Owb ommajTB ero jifiiMQ b'l laue ahh, sorAa y naoi 
noAOJoy CTOua oiBpuroft ^opTOva, h KorAft ftTMoc^^epa APyrEX'B Ka- 
Hepi, HaBipHoe, 6Hxa baboo yAynuHBie, h hh sa Tto, he npo ^to pac- 
nesaii h HaA?EpaTeiH, h necqacTHaro ctapoory. To^ho TaKse h TenepB 
OH'B 6pocHJ[Cfl sa neperopoAKy, rjiik noirtii^aiscB KaHepHua napams. 3a 

HHHl HOOliAOBaxa H BOH GBHTa. 

— OTEpoftiel — ycxHman mh onyAft noBenrenHHl roiooi na- 
qaiBHHEa: — noEDxallTe! wbn^ bh nonnxaftTe xopomoEBKo! 

Cjuuhho 6iuo, Kasii HivtSHpaToiE, OAHHi sa KpjrBWb, hoaxoauh 
E EDxau. Kodiusa, tsxohbko ce&igb, neperiEAUBajiacb xesAy 00601). 

— BoTB TTo! — ^saroBopEii Jly^esapoB'B, noflBiflaoB onaiB bi xa- 
Mopi: — orapoGTa h napamHEKH njioxo SHanrb oboe ofissaHEOOTE. Maio 
UOTOTU fl nopflAsa. CMorpEie y mohe, e orporo 6yAy BSHOKEBaTB. 

n 6uoTpuifE maraMfl osb no^nn Bsfiixan vb KoppEAopi; 00 cry- 
BoiTB E rpoxoToiTB DpoortAOBaia sa HErb cBETa, ABopB saxiOHEyxacB, 
H 8aiioB!B ii^exBHyxi. ApeoraflTH saniyiriuiE, sacHiauoB e epeeeiecb 
9a cboe o6HmiE 6eciAH e saEarifl. 



Bn^ n3l MIPA OTBEPaSBHHHXl. 31 

niTeflHraprb, ouohhbiiihcb Bt^js,^ otoiomi, ^Hrajii npH tjcbiovl 
«Bl.Th ZBMUM nojij^eHHoe nioLMo, H Mpanoe uasfi ero oi ryonniH 
aaxMjpeHiHifH 6POBJIMH Hanoiumaio mh^ nepBiift HOiceRrb Hameft 
Bcrpin. CepAi^e Hoe 6ojrbmejmo csajiooB... fl ^poTBOBarB oefia oiutb 
OjpHonarB, pobebbo pasMumjuifl toxi, ^0 7 aioro ^leiOBtKa ootb 
E Boerwi djAen oBot 000611ft iiipi, B'b Koropiift a HMKorxa e6 npo- 

BIKXJ, H Bl KOTOpOMl OETB OyAeTB OTpM^^TB ■ paAOBaTBOlI OXHHl, SailB- 

syro ■ HonajiHBo. H Jierb vb oBoft yrojTB, npeAaBaacb aTHrb rpjOT- 
■BMi ATVftm; ft TOBapHn^i jsfiMvo em,e onf/bjn HaA^ moLMOirB, vre- 
Hie BOToparo, noBHAHMOMj, aabho yse 61120 oxosqeHO. Sartn, hoaub* 
iDHGB, OHX He MOHune Hacy paoxaaKHsarB BsaA'B e BaepeAi no Eaiiepi, 
vb rjiy6oxofi aaAyiraiBooTH, He o6pan^afl HHBaKoro BAHMamfl na OKpy- 
xaDH^yi) o6oTaHOBBy. 

JEyHBKovB H CoxaTuft, pasiosBBi CBOH TerpaABH, OHAin sa oto- 
jOMi H nepepyrHBaiHOB Apyn» crb ApyroM'B. 



ni. 

Padcaan UlTeHHrapTa . 

Biuo yse oobo^x'b hosaho. ApeoraHiu a^bho HOJiem na oboh 
noAOTHJiRH H, He HOEJOo^aa yqeHHEOFB, HonpaBHO xpaniiH, EorAa 
niTeftHraprB, B3o6paBiiiBGB Ha napu, xaEse naui'B ycTpaHaaiB obod 
nocreiB phaohi 01 mood. 

— Bu en^e He cnnre, HsaH'B HnKOJiaeBH^i? A SHaere, otb xoro 
a nHCBHo oeroAHH nojuyujii? — HeosHAaHHo, BnoiroJiiooa saroBopHii 
owb^ santTHBi, HTO a He ohjid;' h, BsrjaHyBi eiiy bi mi^o, a pa- 
;^ocTHo BSApornyn: oho onaTB 611I10 CBiTJioe, Ao6poe, h TOMHue riaaa 
oiaiH HB'B-noA'B pasriaaseHHiixi 6poBefi, to^lho abI sBisAU, o6iHBaa 

HOHH TenJIUHH, XaCKOBBIMH IJ^aMH. 

fl, Kone^Ho^ HO BHajn, otb Koro 61120 noxy^eHHoe nn hhcbmo. 
Otb MaTepH? GecipH? 

— HiTB, OTB HOB'IcTii, — cKasajTB ^MHTpift rpyorHUiTB H BMicrt 
paAooTHiorB tohoitb. — Botb ysi» HHsaKi ho HaAtaioa noiyuTBl 
CeroAHH, BO Bpexa npieMKH, ilyqesapoBi npaMO uni saasHii, hto 
6yAen BUAftBaiB nHCBMa toxbbo otb 6jiHsafiHiHX'B h neooMHtHHurB 
poAOTBeHHHHOBi, B(A SO ooTaJiBHiia coxpaHHTB y oe6a bhiotb ao mo- 
<6ro BuxoAft Ha nooexenie. 3to, mojtb, aaROVB, HapynniTB KOTOput 
HeBOSHosHO. n BApyrB npHHooHn Be^epom axo canoe hhcbho... 
IIpH8HaD0B| HsaHi HHKOxaOBHH'B, 8a 8T0TB BexHBOAyinHHft noory- 
noKi a vHoroe, ohbhb MHoroe roroBi npooTHTB JIj^esapoBy h cb 
o^eHB HHorHiTB B'b OFO peauuii npucHpHTBoal 

— J[fi, a BHA^n, saBoe BneiaTxinie npOHSBeia na Baci no- 
BftpKa. 

— YsaoHoe!.. Ho... snaaie-XH, qem npocHTB Mena neBiora? 
AxBl MhA yvB xo^eioa Boe pa80Ka8aTB bbitb, bod aamy rpyciHyn 



32 P7CCK0S BOrATGTBO. 

noBioTb. Koseuo, aio xnHiifl ujzfL e paxocTH, h bsmi owk ho no- 
Kasyrofl, Curb Mosen^ vHrepeoHBOiE... 

— noiraijtTe, ^Hipit nerpoBEHi, HejaseiH se EHrepeoHie to« 

^trO MEi roAftVH npEXOAEIOCB SAiOB BilOIJEIEBaTB? fl' 60I)0& T01bB0» 

^To EO BaojiyxEJTB ente Tssoro AOBipifl n BameS oiopoEU. 

— HiTB, Bii cpasy aasoeBais Eoe oepAi^e. fl ^yBOTBji), ^no 
B^wb Hosflo BEorai, BEOJiEb AOBipflTbCfl, ^0 BOO, OKasaEEoe or& 
oepwa, BH oepxAQiTB-se e npEnere... A juui loro, kto, eoaoCeo 
MEi^, yse oTOxuo bpomoee tsetb BEyrpE e jsjuu oboe, e MysE, aiir 
KaKb MEoro asaEETL— OTuosaiB noAo6E06 oyo^ecTBoI 

— A BaiepbEEi MExaftioBETb? PasBft bh ctl eejtb eo xpy^ssH? 

— Beaeto-ie ^to. a OEeEb u)6jud BaiepuiEa, eo mh (tb eekb 
EO ApysBfl. Owh QtMmxowh emfi dkb e, SEaeTO, — BupaxaECB varEo, — 
lerKOBloeEi... Bi eoitb ootb ^epiH, kotophe evo oeueo sopiETB. 
Hy, oioBOiTB, BH oan uotoeb ysEaere. Bo boeroei oiyut, hoe 
EETEMEaa SE8EB 6My ESfiicTEa ifliEB Vb oaEUTB ofi^EX'B ^epxaxi. 
npesA6 Boero asaere bh, tto e eBpefi? 

— Bii eBpel? ElEKorxa 6h aioro eo Eo^yEarB. J(a e Bame eee... 

— Hy, EEE-To EEiero Ee aEa^urrB. IIo EaoTosn^ejcy a bI^kl eo 
^EETpii, a MopAyxi, e eo nerpoBEn, a IlettoexoBE^i... Korxa se- 
BeniB cpoAE sapo^a, (tb KOTopsirB oocraBifleniB AyxoBEo oaeo, ee^hi 
poBEO Ee om^aflOB otb ero oo6oTBeEEUzi OHEOBeft, eo ee EdHBft 
KOToparo MopAyTB EanoMEEaerB oiobo MOpAa, to oorxaoETeoB, no 

se O^eEB-TO npiflXEO EHeSOBaTBCE OBOEMX llOJ^ESKUWh EMOEeEB... A 
BnpO^eMl, BH, EOXeTB 0HTB, K)AO$o6'B E2E EETECeMETB? CKaZETe 
OTSpOBeEEO. 

fl aacMiflicE. 

— Ki cqacTBD, EiTB. MoFf oxaaaTB arc, noxosa pysy ee cepMe. 
& poAEAca E BHpocB B% OASOt E8T> ofoepEHZ'B ry6epEift, ni E 
espeeBi-To no^ni EirB. noaroEy, kofae e nooiyiULrB b% EOTop- 
fiyprosift yEEBepoETerB, e saa^an) lepEaro xoxia, roBopEBmaro 
cxaA00TB» BMicTO «raA00TB», npESEMan Aoiroe Bpeaa aa eBpea. 
H Dooii Toro y aeEE 6hjio siosoiBBO jiy^mEXB TOBapEE^et e APyao* 
E3l oBpeeBB. 

— O^eEB paA%. Bh OEEEaere oi aoero oepAi^a laaceiHl KaaeaB^ 
BaniEEi npESEaEieai. IIoBipETe-JiE, EBaEi HEKOiaeBE^B, Kasifl 
EOAJiHa Si^n^ TBoparca lenepB y aaoB ee PyoEl O6pa30BaEEHe, 
HETeJUEreETHHe, noBEAEEOMy, jiDAE Ee oricEEioTGa rpoEKo a otephto 
npoflSEOCETB oiobo <sea'b> e BHGKaaHBaTB npespiEie e EeEasEOTB 
R'B SEAaai. Tiwb eojiBEie Boe aio bea^tb e ojiuiiiaTB qeioBtKy, 
KOTopnft, 6yAy^E, keki a, oairB espeeMB no npoEcxosAeHiio, ee^i^e^ 
ApyrEEi, B'B oyn^EOOTE, Ee OBaaaaib oi poaeheb njieEeseMi* e npe- 
BocxoAso sEaerB Boi ero nopoKE e EeAOOTETKE. 0, ommROEi, Aase 
onmsoEi xopomo aaaD a axil Ho kofae oo Boixi OTopoEi Jiexais 
BB 8TorB BeowoTEHfi EapoAT> EJieBRE E KEEeEBa, MOSEO-JiE onpaoiE- 

BaTB, no E AOISefl'B ^BOTBOBETB E KOFO JlfiXmQB.'h J[H)6eTB?.. ^|. 



BI^B m^ MIPA OTBEPSEflflHX'B. 33 

weHHO 8Ton npoKJUTuft eBpeitORit Bonpooi 6u3Ch npouarieirB h 
Koett joraioft sHsnl.. Bh oiymaeTO MOHfl? 

— SL BeoB BHHMaHie. 

— Eiaxi B pascxasy Bam obod Horopin. SL 6ja% emfi otjxbh- 
Ton BToporo sypoa, Borxa nosHaRoiiuoa oi OBOet Tenepemneft rt- 
BioTofi. Mrt 6hxo ABa^i^aTB ABa, EioHi XBaAi^tTB lin; o6a mi, 
noAoCso Boefi TorAamset iioioa6Xh, noTni bi OAEHaBOBOl oTenen 

npOHHXETIU 6£UH T&lfB fCBflTUHl HeAOBOIbOTBOin>>, KOTOpOlTb 

lOBopm HeRpacoBi vh OBoewh cxHxoTBOpeHiH, — OAHsasOBO Boorop- 
seHHH, HaHBXH, MoioAH jijmo9i... dmwh Bce cKasaEO, — m KauvL 
oGp^MWb H Ha mcofl no^ oosxajioa sanrB poMavB. IIoMHHTe-iH bh 
8TH ti^Hx neTeptiyproKUi hou n htb ^aHTacTH^ecuirB koxophtomi, 
(Tb ixi 6ojrb8HeHHofi rpycTLX), KaRi* 6u paamroS spyroirB wh bob- 
Ayxt? noHsne-XH ho^doui KaTaiiBs wb xoAsan no HeBi h no 
BSKopBi)^ vb JKomiaHiH KpjrETh TaKHxi-se BocTopxeHHUxi HevraTe- 
lei? ExH BHiadfl oTjxoneoxifl BeqepsHKH oi mpiHOt nJUOKOt h 
OTBasHHMH niciflMi? BnpoTOKi, fl JoraHo 0% HaH6oxBniet ix)6obbx> 
BonoioHai) leoepB apTitd sapTEHj. Mai pHoyexoa KOMHaiKa Eiohh 

Ha GOABMOt JXBSfi IleOKOB'B, Hajl6HBKaff, yDTHBH KOHHaTSa... Ha 

oroHft xftBHO ^0Tyx^ oanoBapx, a mu ao hoxho^h ohahhi npn OBirt 
xtaam h BOAevB fiesxoHeuyi) 6eoiAy- ix)6bh? 0, hAtb, HOHBrne 
Boero H pise Boero o jtoBbhI npeAHeroH'B HamnrB pasroBopoB^ 
flBJumrofl Boe xaKin BasHiui h oojraAHUH HaTepiH: ra nepeorpan- 
BaoMi SH8HB HapoAOBii, pimaeMi oyAB^u Mipa, oofiHpaeMOH hath na 
BexHKift noABHrB oiysenifl poAHOMy napoAy^. Ciy^axobB, Eiena 
BonoKHHajia, HasoHei^i, tto a HimaD efi yuTB ioki^h, ^to h mA 
oaicoMy He ximaio 6h noxynaTB o TOMi-se: tofab ona npHHHHaJiaoB 
rnaiB HOHfl AOKOt. Mu Ha^HHaiH tipontatBOH, ho, npon^aaoB h Aop- 
saoB yxe 8a pysn, ohhtb ysieKajiHCB Ha i^ixiie qaoH to oeplbOBHOt 
fieciAofl, TO iHOTO petiH^eoEoS 6oj[TOBHefl. SI ctohjtb boo Bpeim y 
nopora xonHaTKr, oobcImi yse oa&tuI^ h hh HHRaKi ho Koru pas- 
eiaTBGH, AOCflTB pasi noABBBH APyi^ Apyry pynn h jsfioarb pasi bo- 
8o6HOBXHfl 66oiA7- M 000 BOBMi MU TOFAa neperoBopHXH, o6o bcoitb 
nepeAyicaxH, spoMi oahofo: ^to h 6NJrB OBpefi, a ona — npaBoouB- 
HaH... Boe vh namnxi OTHomeniflX'B npeACTaBJurxooB hbhi tbitb npo- 
eio H echo: mu noj[n6Ejai oaee:b Apyroro e, sEa^um, bcx> shshb 
67AeMi EATE pEAOMi, pyKE o6i» pyxy, €603% pasMunueEitt, fiesi 
(iopBtfu, 608% AyMU poKOBoi»... MuoiB saBOHHux'B ysaxi TEMeEefl 
le EBJuuaoB EBM'B Eo TOft JEHiEB EpnEsi, TTO oepAii[a EaniE, 6hb- 
miiiofl wh yEECOEX, napEiE vh to bpome ^epe8qypi buooko ffl& 
saOoTB o&b eroEOTE^eoKOMB xe^homi e^aoTBE; a>^9 npflSEaiBOH, cipa- 
mxn Eaoi odonxi e Bonpooi^ moom^ Rpen^eEis: EisEi xasaJiacB 
cBoero poAa eoh^eotbomb nepeniEa Bipu ho no jGiKflfimo, xote 6u 
H P4AE ju)6be; Mesfl oipaniExa, Kponi Toro, Eeo6xoAEMocTB saEecTE 
seoTOBift yAi^pi ciapyxi-MaiepE, 6e3yMHo moeh inCEBmefi) eo ao 
^aEBTHSMa npoAaEEoK OTapoespefloKHM'B sasiTaEi e npeAaHiEMi*. Boe 

M 9. OrAin I. 3 



34 PyCCROB BOFATCTBO. 

8T0 BnAffA nodysAaio saoi ho tojq»ko mbautb, ho xase h njio 
AyMaTB 6paKi. A shshb, hosaJ t&itb, ho MexiEia h pasplniHJia 
BonpocB no oBoeify. Korxa K6Hfl fb oaho npeKpaoHoe yrpo apeoro- 
Ban, EieHa ho toibko He 6iua AonjmeHa so imft sa oBiffaiie^ 
uaxh HesasoHHafl seHa, ho Aase apeoroBaHa h BHoiana na poahhj. 
IlepemioKH sairB laEse ho aosboiuh. TocnoAH, ^ro sto 6HJia sa 
miTKal Bi KaKyn flpootB a npHxOAUi, sarb (SesyHCTBosan, He 67- 
AjqH Bi CHJiaxi ysHaTB ^ase, shbi-ih^ SAopoBi-n mdHiadi ^eio- 

ffbKl... TOIOTH H rjiyXH TDpeHHEUI OTtaH ~ He JOJIIIIIIHniB CRBO8B 

HHrb HHiaro rojiooa, ne jBEjininB Aopororo jon^a... An, be jifl ohxi 
aoyh yAHBJTflnoB, KaKx a ne pasGHTB ce6i ^epena o&b btotb xojioa- 

HHfi, 6e8Xa200THHft KaMOHB! 

Ho, HBaHi HHKOJiaeBHTB, qexoBin — desrpaHH^HO-Tepir&iHBoe, 

BOBMyTHTeXBHO-BUHOOJlHBOe SHBOTHOO, H fl TOSO BOO BilHeCB, HH (Tb 

yxa He comejTB, hh fojiobh oe6i ne pasfiHJTB, ooraiofl shb'b h sao- 
povB. A MesAy i^itb, qbiHxi ABa roAa aponuo bi raKott 6e8HaAes- 
Hoft padxyci! HasoHei^, hohh ooyAHJiH vb Baiopry h, Kasi noAie- 
saoviro orcEUKb bt> Ch6hpb, nepeBeiH vb JiftWb npeABapHreiBHaro 
saKm^eHiH. RaKoft myMii BHesaiiHO HaaoxHHn ba^cb hoh yniH, sa- 
Koe ABHsenie, shbhb ospysHJiH MeHH, ne cmotph Ha to, ^ito h bto 
6uia Boe sa TnpBMa, OAHHo^nafl TupBMa. IIo KoppHAOpy to h aI^o 
CAHHTaiHCB maTH, rojiooa, shbub rojiooa shbutb mAei; no -BtAwh 
HanpaBxeHiHM'B crivB, Tono neyroMOHHue astah, nepeoryKHBainoB 
MexAy eo6oD Baun^eHHHe... fly, a^ bh b^ab oann snaeTe — ^ne^ero 
ofrB BTOHi pasoKaBiiBaTB. Ho, npHBHancB, Aojiroe BpoMH MeHH OTpaniHO 
paBApasai'B btotb mym shbhh, h h (tb HOxpeHHHirB cosajrbHieMT> 
BOHOKHHaxB oBOBHi nposHoiTB THXoiTB rpo6i. Ob nepOBOAOKl Vb 
npeABapHxsy, a Hon 6u, koho^o, HeHeAieHHO HannoaTB Exeni,— 

H a BHaJTB BTO, — HO HHCHTB H HO AyvaH*. fl A^BHO nOHBliy-TO pi- 

niHn, ^To ona pasiDfiHia h^hh h,* HaBipnoe, Bmnxa yse BaMyxi. 
Bi Hawaii, sorAa vni npHxoAHJUH vb rojioBy TaKia mhoxh, mhoid 
OBxaA^Baxo 6ioieHOTBO, a peBHOBaJTB, niaiuurB, rposHn; ho oi to- 
qenieMi BpeneHH npHHHpHioa oi «HeH36^^XHUMi BaKOHOKi senoKOi 
npHpoA£i»» sa&'B (yb lopeuD nasHBan bto. Boti^ Hys^nna^ — Ayva- 
xocB HHi,— APTro6 a^o, Ecih 621 h ABaxi^aTB jt&tb npnnuooB MHi 
SA^TB xdChhoI HeBioTH, H HamejTB tu Vb cedi AooraTOuo xd6bh h 
OHiH, nposAajn-Cu! 

H BOTB oAHaa^H ABepB Hoefi Kaaepu paoTBopaeToa, h naAsapa- 
TexB noAaoTB HHi AOHemy. A paoKpHBax) ee h, ho Bipa rxasaMi, 
iHTan: cTaxerpaj^Hpyt ToMon cKOTpHTeiD TspBioi, CKopo-XH 6y? 
AemB BHoxaHB. OcTanyoB sa^tb. JEd&oo, noMno. Biuo tboh ExeHat. 
TexerpaMMa 6Hxa hbi Tdhohh. 

Otb paAOCTH a ^jtb ho xnniHxoa lyBorvB. JleAaHaa AyinoBHaa 
Kopa npopBaxaoB, h cnaBmift noA'B nel MepTBei^'B oxhxi. Beena, 
Beonal BoonpeceHiel 

Bi nepByx) MHHyTy a ne ctoxbko orop^enii 6iixt> riwb, wso h 



EUlfi HS'B MIPA OTBEPSBHHUXl. 35 

£ieia BUGuiaeroji vb ChOhpb, ^to h osa jmneia oBotioffi, okouso 
BocxjDo^effB BioTBD, TOO oHa no-npesHeHj moa, too a HesatiHn 
n>6nrB, hto osoBa iiBEiaoB Ha^esAa Ha OBHAaiiie, Koropoe B^epa 
en^e npexoTaBJUJOOB bosmoshhitb samh aa Koruoft. EesKoneuoe 
^Heio pas'B nepeiETHBaii a MHiyi) Teierpaiufj h, 3a6HBafl o Tom; 
TOO no^epKi 6im Ha Hei ^soft, i^iionan Aopoiia oiOBa h npsxH- 
nan Kb TpjjsjK. Bb totb so a^hb fl noojuuri oTBiTB, wh KoropoirB 
HO MorB, Vb oosaiinlK), ysaaaTB to^ho Bpemi OBoett oiirpaBEH. H 
TouoKO Ha ojrtjiynmee yrpo Moa AHxaa aroHOTH^eosaa pmiooiB OMi- 
SHJiacB rijOoKHiTB ropeiTB o pasfisTOi EjieHHHoS shshh, pa86HT0JK 

HBrB-Sa HOHfl, KOTOpilfi HHHOrAa HO OTOHJTb Ofl UCTOlt, OBflTOfi Jno6BH. 

B^AHaal TepirkuBaa! A h-to o te&k AyMaJii lasia Hexopomk, ne^ 
^ecTHiui MHcjiH... H uyaresbwaa. onaoenifl oraiH lepsaTB Memi: 
^To eoiH TOJEerpaiaia moh onosAaerB? BiA^ ea jifinemtk 6um nepoAaHa 
XHi T02BK0 Ha AeoHTufi AOHB... OoTaH6Toa-iH Eieaa BoeTasE vb 

ToKOXi SA<^TB HOHSBiCTHO ^BFO (hOTOMJ TOO MOJI^UIHie MOO MOXOn 

o6o3HauTB Vb ea raasax'B MHoroe), hjeh se oi locsot e OHopiBi) 
BTB jsjm^ n&kjsfiTb A^^i^nie, h TorAa mi yse HESorAa, HHKorAa wb 
^nsHH He yBHAHMCfl? ^ eoiH 6ii naKOHeiTB ona e saxortjtra ooTaiBoa 
SAaiB, A08B0IHTB JIE 8T0 TDpeHHoe HaqaiBOTBO? CBHAaHie las'B 
4Sn8KO» TaKii B03M0SH0,— H BOTB BMimaeTOH KaR0ft-HH6yAB aioft 
AeiioHi, H OHO onaTB oxaHetB OesxoHeno-A^eua'B, 6utb hosotb, 
aaBivB HeBOBMosHBurB! 

BucuiBa Moa oooroaiacB lEniB ab^ HOAfen onyora, bi kohi^ 
ittu, H TOAKo 15 aBryora nama 6apsa noAiunuia, HaEOHe^B^ Kb 
TaHEOTBeHHOMy ToMcxy. OnHCHBaiB Bam, saBi BouoBaioa a b*b 
8T0 naHHTHoe yipo, a ho bi CHJiaxK ^I^abeo cKasaiB, too au 
Mesa coBepmeHso ho oyn^ecTBOBaio rkn ipeBon, KasEHH Hy^anoB 
Bi> 010-se Bpeaa moe TOBapjniML luisi /6yAyTB BOipi^eHH ohh ho- 
BHmb HaHanoTBOMi, xaxoro p9Aa p^^okb npeAcroETB e npo^. SI boob 
nonoH^eHi 6im Bonpooom: 3;^b jle Jl^aa? SAopoBa n osa? KaiCB- 
TO Borp^TEHca loi noort AByxjrbTEei ommKoirB pasiysE? Tono 
rpoMOiTB yAapEio MOEa Vb oepAi^e ESBicrie, hto hhsofo esi apes- 
BEXB napritt vb TnpBMi nirb, too hhkto HOEa se saotb. A 6po- 
^E2Cia Kb cMOTpsTeiD (TB pasoiipooaME. yrpDMHft, SenpSBftTISBElS 
orapsEB 01 BEAEHoft seoxoTOtt OKasaii iiR% too TeierpaMsa Moa 
6Eua nojiyqesa Ejiesoi cBoeBpeHesso, ho too EfflLaxoro Bospooa o&b 
oeraBieHlE ea bi T»pBMi osa se noASEsaia. 

— Bu2a-n osa sAoposa? 

— Bnomi, JiBMB Beoeia. 

Beoeia! Boopoca o&b ocraBieHlE se noASEMaial A Teierpassy 
noiyran CBoeBpeaesso... Ste ips miam, To^no orsessHe 6ypaB«KE, 
iipocBepjiHn soft hosfb. noAaBiessuft, npEniE6j[essHS, npHOXHsessHt 

JHieXB a OTB CMOTpSTeJUI, S MSi nO^ABJIOOB^ TOO OWb SaOMimJKEBO E 

Aase xax'B 6h ci oo6oxi8HOBaHBeux nooMOTpijrB ssi BoiiA*^** HysoTBo 
«THAa s seroAOBasia sosapoa'B oxBaisjio sfli Aymr dsann, a 8a^ 

3« 



36 PYGOKOB BOrATCTBO. 

6imt H KMBi oKopoI O^eBSAHO, OHS yon&ia Bjn36HTBOff bi KaKoiXK 
HH67AB H81 oonpoBoavAftBiniirB ee TOBapvn^eft... Hwne zan Morjia. 
6u> OHS 6htb Beoejiofi? 

A oxyxi Beoeiot AiBjniKi 01 (diAHmrb jiEi^om k neseiBHaro 
i^Btoa BOoaMH Borpivarb mou no^TH vh jLBXjifiU'h hoboitb nymcrt, 
BT^a Ji npHXOAHJTL: roBopHJU 061 net apeoraiTEi, flMnpuui, A^ea 

BOIBOftHHe... 

— Hy, H 6e8yHiiBH8i-s'b 6apHniifll npuo Ayina*^eiOBiral — 
roBopuH npo Hee n Tenimrb ooTfBCTBieirB orapae, ovfUTKae 6po- 
ffn: — BOflsaro-To OHa npHBimi, npnaoRaerB, 00 BOflKin nomy- 
WThy nooiiieTOs. 

JI oam Touo satftui wb oto Bpeiu xapaKTOpft Eiohh, nopa- 
saBmevB iceHfl eme Ha Boxi: fl nEiiyTEi oaicaro rxyfSoRaro AynieB- 
Haro ropfl, vh npHoyroTBiH nooTopoHUxx, osa yMlia 6htb Booeiofi, 
fiesnenot, pasroBOp^HBOfi, k oepefipaHiiHft oir&XB ea SBy^an Tasi^ 
rpoHSO H ^aoTO, ^to HHKOicy H Vh rojioBy ho npHmio 6h bi ata 
Bpeu noAyvaibi ^ro ona ReouoTEa. SafisiBi 060 Bcem aron, a 
TenepB oaho roBopsn oe6i: <6iiTb Beoasot^ myrHTB h OMiflZboa, 
xorAa...» 

Bi Tasoirii noxopoHHon HaoTpoeHia nouEyn a ToMon. C'k 
Moro nyHxra, Rasi bkt noMEnre, sa^HHaeroa yse HaoToaiqifi atan- 
mft nytB, irbmift bcmwb oosiibHiix'b naprilt. He nponuE mh k hI- 
OKOx&SHTb maroBi nepBaro se orasxa, aaKi esi Ky^H TOBapvn^et, 
meffUHxi BnepoAH Mem a aapao fieoixoBaBmaxi ei npoBoanBmaiTB 
napriD o^ai^epom, AOJteTfcia ao aoero ojryxa ^aaaxia JEeasi. JI 
BBAporayn a npaoiymaioa Bfs pasiDBopy, b% KOTopiift xo xixi nopi 
ae BaaaajTE. 

— JI BaKb roBopn, roonoAft/ ^ tnb ataKb aapoAoai ayxao 
yxo Bocrpo Aepsaib. ^jtb aaaiBaftea toibso, oetnonb toesaa'b-fiam- 
Ba!> — a nonua vh xoa% aosa* Biff^ nooMOTpaTe botb, aasi aooipa- 
Aaia aa vh ^^enn BenoBaaaaa, apeapaoaaa AbBymEal— Tan opaTop- 
OTBOBaiii TOJioTea&Bifi o^ai^epaai 0% Ao6poAymamrB OTKpHTHanb. 
mi[oai a yse oiAOHBKot fiopoASoS. 

B'h araoBeaie oaa a 62111 noAii aero. 

— ?T0 crb aet oiy^nuocB, Banaraai, Bora paAa, itq laKoe?.. 

JI BEAteB, xasi Moa TOBapanut ycaieaao aopraia o^ai^epy ru- 
saaa, rpouso oaopsaiaoB, aaauaaa, ao oai aa^ero vtoro ae aaai- 
ujTb a (Tb fiomnot ii)6e8aocTBK) corjiaoaioa noBiopaib aai cboI 
pasosasi. 

— Jifi pasBi BEi ae oiHinaxa 061 aoropla, soTopaa npoaeooua 
Vh XaiAdeBOBOHi' 8Tani? 3to BTopot oroDAa araiTB. 

— Haqero ae onunaJTB. 

— HepaeoH BsfiyaTOBaiaoB b'b napria a A&Baft nojioooBaiB pyo- 
osaxi Bosaaa. A oAaai sejrbsauaa aapyuaaa aas'B yAapnn 
Eaeay N. no rojiosi,— Taai, rOBoparB, nojraepena a orxBaTan! 

BecB MipB saBoprbioa vh aoaxi raaaaxB, a a, sasi caoni, no- 



Ems H3'B MIPA OTBBPSBHHHX'B. 37 

saiuofl Ha seiuH). Eorxa a onyios, TOBapra^ h oam npoeroAyin- 
Hul KanRTaHi, yse aHaemit o xoirb, ^o ovb paBOKasHBan ni o 
xoei-se HeBJtori, oraiH mou jonoEoraaTB h jrimaTb. 

— ^a BH-xe He xooiymajm iceHfl, cMjmieHHO ofiucHoi MaxeHBxit 
BanHTavB:— H ne CKasaiii bIab, ^rro OHa yicepia... ^ h Hao^erB nox- 
wpeDa-To fl 8T0 Tasi, aju sapTEHHooTB 6omne^ TaKi oKasaiB^ Biipa- 
Biica... Hy, Kaxie Tamb nonepena! Rosy toxbbo oiv^panan HeiiHoro.«« 
YwkpB¥> mffb, OHa SHBa h axopoBa. 

Ho yonoKOHTB Meu^ pasyirfceTOH, 6iijio He lan-To lerxo, Tftm 60- 
ito, HTO KofiiUKa, AO KOTopot TaKse Aomen oiyxi 6yHTi ^epxecoBi, 
pasoKasHBaia Hcropln ooBoiiHi HHa^e: ^epseoH, 6yxT0-6£i, BopBajHoa 
10^1) vb Kaicepy seHnpoTB, h nooitAHifl oaaceHH 6euh toi&ko hoao- 
oirfcBiinnrb soHBoem, yCHBinHin niosojiBKHXi asiaTOBii na Mioii; wh 
cBaiKi 6iU[a, 6yAT0-^u, panoHa h OAHa senmEHa... noHHTHo, mo no- 
AofiHaa BepoiH Mom mnb eme 6oxBiae botpoboshtb h HanyraTB neHH. 
Bo GHi H Ha HBy rpesuaoB MHi JIoHa, (SiiAHafli HCTesannnaa KpoBBio, 
H MSHym KasaiHOB aihhhuhh, HOOBOHiaeMiricH ^aoaHH. 

ToiBKO iipH6£iBi ^epeffb ffioe oyroHii na XajiAeeBOKifl eiairB, h mofb 
oav'B y6£AHTB0H vh npeyBeiH^eHHooTH obohx^ TpoBon h oiiaoeHifi. Ha- 
nyraBimi Menfl Ao6poAyiiiHufi KaiuiTaHi HeMOAieHHo npHBeai so kbH 
HaqajQiHHKa xaiAeeBOBOfi KOMaHAH^ h Ton ih^ho saBipHi'B mohh, yra- 
6aflcB, ^iTO HOBicTa moh SHBa h Bnojinft sAopoBa. A'&jio 6hao TaKi. 
Omvh HSi ^epKOooBi noBBAopHVL ixb pyooKHiTb apeoraHTOMi h lasfB 
^nuBHO niipnyrb hosoitb wh xhbotb, ^to nioKouKo ahoA onyoxH Ton 
ynepi, hd sa to h oairB 6iurB paHOHii b% roJioBy. Eiena n noApyroft 
nonua nepeBHBHBaTB paHeHHxi, hcK aso-TO BpenH paaupeHHuft ro- 
pei^i (noBVAHMOMy, cyMacmeAinilt), noAmi o6i pyKH, aaKOBaHHiiH 
n Hapy^HH, xoTin yAapHTB ikhiio roK^wkiOfi^Ej nai A'iE^ByineirB, ho hb 
^6Hy. OAHaKo, noQiiAHflfl noKOxmam:^ iH);9zraBHJia hoa'b yA^^P*^ obod 
pjKy. YAap^ nprnnojiofl homhopo HHse jkojciw EpoBH bhtoejio aobojibho 
MHoro, na pana osaaaiacB neooaoHoft h i»opo aasuia. 8totb paaosaai 

HOATBCPAHJIH H OOJ^aTH XaiAOeBOKOt KOMaHAU H CTapHKVKaMOpm^HK'B; 

coHH'&BaTBca Vh ero BipnooTH 6ujio HeBoanosHO. 

— n Bigb xaKafl Beoeian 6apH]HHi,— HeHafiixHO npH6aBJUiJiH Boft 
paaosaauu:— OH^e cMieTCH nooxijnorol Eft roBopori: cHe noAXOAHre 
Bnepe;]^ na oro maroBi Kiaroiry aBipBK)». A oHa: cHe 6iA&«— ^bo- 
J)HTB, — BHAHO, oqeHb jKb padApaauuH ero, 6iAHaro. Ha ero irboTi, mo- 
^iffrh 6siTB, H BEi 621 XBaTiin nepBaro BorpWaro^. H too xe bh 
XJMaeie? Hapouo xoAHJia nooii loro hi ABepaMi ceRperHOft, syAa 
aaoaAHiH ^epKCoa, h onpaniHBaeTB ero: cSa ito tbi yAapHxi iceHfl? 
a xefii se pany xoxbia nepeBflaaxBB. Hy, okb — aB^pb, Tan aBipB 
I eoTB: ruAHTB h8iioajio6bh^ poBHO oiAoTB xovoTB... «BiAKue> ohhI 
fisAepnyTB 6u EVh Boixi na nepBofl ocHHi — ^h bch neAoiral 

A HanyrasiHilt mohh orapH^es'B-KanHTaHi, Beoeio noTHpaa pyBH, 
^oe roBopui Msi: 

— Hy, BOTBBHAHTe... A TO nojraepenal dsa, 0aTeHBKa, BJUDGieH- 



88 pyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

Hoe-To BOo6pa8eHie tto eapHoyeTLl Xe-xe-xe... ysi H3BHHHTe MeH» 

8a OTEpOSeHHOCTB. 

OvB, o^OBHAHO, H 8a6HrB yxe^ tto HapaooBaio bto He Moe, a ero 
oofiGTBOHHoe, HHMaio H6 BXDfijieHHoe Boo6paseHie. 

ToiBKo Bi A^iHHosi, 7 oeETfl6pfl, noiyrarb a BnepBue HSBiorie* 
on canot JleHii, TeierpaMMj hsi KpaoHoapoKa: cs^^opoBa, sa7». 8to 
6iuH ffjia MOHfl AHH, noxHue Easoro to tfjiasemaro onBflHeEui. no- 
oiiffHie oraHKH, le OMOTpfl na Tflseisie KaHAaitf h HeapHBEiuy k'b. 
X0Ai6i, fl noTTH HO npHoasHBaiofl sa noABOji^ h mejn, He lyBOTByn 
yroMieHiE, no jifi^KOfiiTE BepcTB nimKOMi, ecu-se h caAHjioa, hniBuOy 
OTAOXHyTL, TO HeMeAioHEo BOsaRHBan Ha HorE: Msi Boe sasaiooB^ qra 
noABOAH ABEraE)TOfl ojinniftoirb MOAJieEHO, h a onlmEirB Ty^a, r^b Bse- 
pevH naprlH nun ly^mie hsi saTopxHUXi> xoaokobi. 

Bi RpacHoapcRi mi npHdHJUE, saRi oelt^acrB noMED, vh apRit* 
oone?HHt A^EB 16 oeHTfl6pfl. Kas'B ckbosb TynaEi noMEn npon^aEie 
Cb TOBapEn^aHH npeAmeoTByDnneft napTis, otohbieeme y BopoTL t^pbhb^ 

E Vb 8T0TB nOSffHit ^aOlb TOJKBKO ^TO 006EpaBniHlfE0fl BEICTynETB B% 

AUCBEiitmit nyrB. IIo^te sasAufi esi hexi, yra6aflOB, nosEvajTB me^^ 
pyKy E nosApaBJiAJTB oi rhiTB, tfo oefiqaci a yBEsyoB, HaRonei^'B, cb^ 
EieHott. A fl Aposan, KaKi bi mxopaAKi, h ieeib ManiEEajTBEO ot- 
Bi^an Ea Boi npeAJiaraeHiie HEi BonpooH. PiniETeJiBso eo npEnoMED^. 

KaR'B 8T0 OJiy^DUIOOB, ^TO fl O^yTEJGE BO ABOpi TDpBHU, ROFAa OOTaVB- 

Hafl napTiH ooraBaiaoB en^e sa BopoTaME; h BsfiisaJTB sa yRasaEsoe 

MSi R^M'B-TO TDpeVEOe RpiUBI^O, CnOTURaEOB E EyTaflCB Vh rpOHEn^EX'B 

KEEAajiaxi, E TyTB-se vb ABepEXx cTOUHyjicfl o^ 6jAjuiotj xyAOEBRot 
AtBymRoft, npEEHBmeft moee bi oCuTia... RorAa a oqnyjioa, uu geaIih 
yxe Bi MasenbROft ROMo^i^/Bi^Kdtopoft XEJia Eiesa, h 6eoiAOBajiE. 
PascRasEiBaTB-jnr, Bnpoienn, o tomi, tto ara nepBaa 6eciAa nocii. 
AByxi cinniRorB j^^tb paaiyRE loRopite noxoAHJia na fipoA^ 6oja>ssai> 
UE Ha cMyn^eEHiitt JienerB^ a^^* niwb sa pasroBopi Bspocjoixb. S: 
fpjLTO oTtoEajoa ohhtb obok) apeoTaETORyn masRy h noRasaTB EieH'6 
6pETyK) roJioBy, eo osa cana ee o6EasEj[a e noi^oBaia... SaTtai, 
xaR-B y EoRpaooBa vb cPyockEXb seEn^Esaxi^ — noMEETO? — ona cTajia. 
HeosHAaEso fla rojiIee h npEJioxEJia rx rydani TaEse e laaesbBEsm 
wshniBk MOEXi i^nefi... SI TaRi Chjtb nopaaceEi a Tasii npHOTuseni 
8TEMX HaEBEUUii BiipaseEioHi j[d6be e npeAaEEOOTE, TTO Aoiroe Bpeica 
He noAHEMas'B ee cb nojiy e Monaix. 

Ho aoboibeo, aobojibho. KaxeToa, ^asTe cRasaix, ^to Bcero Tase- 
Eie Bb MnEyTH ropa BcnoMEaaTB ahh (jiaxeHCTBa. Botb e uh^^ TenepB 
xy^HTeJ!BHO-6oxBEO A^iaTB 8T0. ByAy noaTOMy RpaTOR'B. Mti Bce BpeMa 

XyvaJIE, ^TO CTOETB HEi EOHeAieEEO RpOCTETBOa, E EaMl nOSBOJiaTB 

ofiB^EHaTBca, E MH yxo Ee pascTaEeMoa fiojiBme. H Rasi mh 6ujai no- 
paxeEU, ROFAa ysEajiE^ ?to RaTopxEuai nosBOJunorB xennTBoa jmnB. 
no oROE^asiE RaRoro-TO Tavx EonuTyeMaro'n EonpaBJuiion^aro cpoRa, e tto 
Aia aeaa btotb cpORi^ — oeaB livbL, HpRyTORi 6urb ROEerauiTB nynR- 
TOMi, AO ROToparo HarB npoACToaio eate bi oahoS napTin, e Honaa pas- 



En^E H3l MIPA OTBEPSEHEUXl. 39 

xjKa Hama, pasiysa Ha i^imx'B oeMB j^^ti, oTopouBaiacB soero Ha ^aa 
Mioiii];a!.. BjiaxeHHHe h sirbcTl CTpamniie aio 6iuh HioHi^i, crpam- 

HHe Tin's, ^TO Cb KaSAKK'B JiEeVh MH BCO flCHJie AOISHH 6UME IJB- 

otBOBaTB npH&mBeme TilUfOKioBa keu r'b Hameicy oiaoTbD. Haca npo- 
manu fl HiKorAa ho 8a6yA7, bo bod shshb. Bi HpsyroKi mh, no 
o6u^aD, nocaseHU Cua Vb pasjDiHHiifl oTAiieHia, a — bi MjaKOKoe, 
Eiena— Kb seRCKoe, Koropoe 6umo rffi^TO xa apttoitb jpopi. OBixa- 
Hiii AfffianoB TOJOBO Heo^^HQiaibHO, bo Bpeiu nporyxoKB no t»p6m- 
H0M7 oaxHxy. Boe rOBopiJio o 6jm8Koft paBJiysi, Bce saaoAHJio na Mpa^- 
Hiui pasiuimjieHifl h npoA^BCTBui. H pasiyKa noAomjia ooBopmeKHo 
HeoxHAasHO. Pasi Beiepom, vh noJiOBHHft A^Kadpa, ki BopoTam rops- 
HH noAKaxHia Tpoflsa, a Mem nparjiacHiH vb TDpeioiyK) sysuiiy ajue 
aaEOBKH Vb KaHxajni (nepefli liirb Bpa^b paonopflAUoa BpeiieHHo pao- 
KOBaTb MOHfl). MHoraro otohio mh^ yioMaTb omotphtbu npHBeoiH ly^a 
xe a Eiesy, ^061 mr Mom npooriTboa,— a rposxjrbB'BiipoTBBHoirL 
oijntA yorpoHTL oxaHAacB, OKasaxb oonpoTHBieHie... Yrposa no^icifi- 
cTBOBaia, H Bi TO BpeKfl, Kaaii a oi^in aa noiy RysHaipi, a sya- 
aem Bosaioa oxoio Meaa oi moiotkomi, saueiiHBaa aarjiyxo Eas- 
Aajoi, a yoainDarb saaEomie mara, TopouiBue a aepBHse, a aonua 
6alAHaa, pasoTpoeaaaa Eieaa... %o 8To 6Haa sa Taacejiafl oi^eaat 
Mb to^ho noaiHaiHOB b'b btotb Bebop's HanuHH o6khhuhh pojuuai: 
npesxe a boo apeiia 6iui yaujn a Hpaieai, EioHa ase 6o;Q)a n bo- 
oejia aa bejs,i>; ea Biusift oepe6pacTHft cMixT* h Kasyn^aaoa 6e88a- 
6oTaocTi» aacHeTi 6yAyniaro nopofi ;^ase pasxpasau Hsi aepBH... 
Ho TenepB 6iuo aaa^e: bb saxy Taai aeoacHnaEHO HarpaayBmefl a 
HEqiMi aeoTBpaTHHOi 6i]i}ii a qyacTBoaan oeda OTBasauirb a bo- 
ceiim, a roaopaji'b ojioaa yTimeaia a aaxeawH, a B'b aaTyifaHeaaux'B, 
noTeMBiBniHx^ rjiasarb Eieasi, 6jAj^ot. a MOJiqaiaaot, Apoxaxa boo 
Bpeaa Kpynana, OBiTiHa ojiesii,.. npaaaanoB, jsf> rirb nopb a hb pasy 
B'B saaaa ae BaxijrB erot A^BymKi njia^n^efi... Ebb aysaaipi oaa 
aomjia npoaoau^TB aeaa a sa BopoTa xiopBiai — OMOTpareiB ae o^eJL'b 
noHoay-To ayxaiarB npoTOOTOBaTB. CToajiB TopseciBeaao-THxit ao- 
cafipBoaiJI ae^epi; saisAB aa TeHsoMB aefiiropiio BHAHMo-aeBHAaao... 
SoFAa a cin, aaKoaei^, bb noBOssy, paAoaii ob AByaa yoaTHica aoa- 
Boapaan^ npoAporniaa Tpofiaa no^a opasy A^PHyaa a oyaacineAinaiiB 
raaonoMB noa^aiaoB bb oa'bsayK) ji,tabl OfiepayaniaoB, a Aoaro spa- 
qaaB ^To-To Eieai, ae noaai) tto: aai ace KaaaiocB, ^to aesAy Haaa 
ccTaiocB ^TO-TO aeAOOKasaaaoe, aeBuaoaeaaoe a bb to-so apeaa ae- 
ofiHRHOBeaao aasaoe... ^ojisao 6utb, a apaqajiB saale-aafiyAB nycraaa. 
^ojiro eme paaja^axB a bb oyapaai SBisAHoft aou, aasB aosii 61- 
aolt TDpeaaoft oiiaH, y 4>oaapa, cToajia Aoporaa ^arypaa, Moi^aiaBo 
a rpyorao noaaamaa... 

niTeltarapTB saaojraaaB, a a ^acTBOBajTB^ hto onasMH AyniarB eaj 
ropio, TTO BOTB OBB BO BiiA6pxBTB B paspasBTca pHAauAMa. y.aeaa 
caaoro ae OTucKaaaiocB yiimaDiitaxB oaobb. A cnpocaAB: 

— A Bu aaaia, pasjiyqaacB, ^to aaHB ae nosBOiaTB aeoia o$$a-* 
ipaxBayD nepenaoay? 



40 P7GCK0B BOFATCTBO. 

— A&, KOHeao, SHais, xota hs BOirKift cij^afi (KOToput, KaKi 
BHAEie, H npoAOxaBUOfl) Eseaa o6iii][aiB HspiA^a nnoaiB. Boo6iiie-se, 
MS yojiOBHiHCB nepeiiHOUBaTBOfl ^epesi ojifij h3i hovltl TeTORi, seH- 
iQHHy o6pa30BaHHyx) h a^beo uocBflnteHByn bi» saniii oTHomesifl. 2Kh- 
B6TB oHa fii MEHO&ft. H Tasi nojijuhfLTQ, Hsanb HmcojiaeBHTB, re- 
peal oKoj[LKo BpeMOEH fl djAj nojiyqaiB MSffboTifl o6i ExeEi, a oxa 060 
lofi? He paBBme, KaKi vh naTB irbcfli^eBrB naoBMO ooBepmHTB sio 
KpyrocBiTHoe nyremeoTBie! Ho iTO-se noA&iaeinB. Jly^esapoBj sa ne- 
pexa^ BToro nnoBHa a, bo Bouoirb oiy^ai, yxaoHo fiiaroxapeffb; 
AoisHo 6STB, H ero oho ipofljio... A ecu 6u bu sKaiH, RaKoe ana- 
qefiie j^a Meofl mderb 8to hhobmoI Oao npooio Bospoiv^aerb m6hii, 
KopeHHHH'B o6padoirB MiHflerB ti HaMlpeiiii, 01 saKEHH a Bosspa- 
BVuiofl ceroAHfl bi savepy oi noBipur... Tor^a a acho ^yBOXBOBaii, 
^0 E6 cMory BHHOOTH uojifl6mii pesHMi, He cMory, KaR'b 6apaHi», 
noA^HHflTBOfl B(Awb dTHiTB mryKaiTB; lenepB se... BHXHre-jni, vb nem, 
Aiuio, HBaHi HHROJiaeBHTB. Ejiena Tpe6yen bo hhh Hameft idSbh, 
hto6b h BiiTepirim sa^cb see, hto TonRo ne saTpoHerB ocHOBHaxi 
yoToeBx Moeft jD^ynm, xoero ^eioBi^ecRaro xooTOHHCTBa, — ^h a xyxaio, 
Tro ofiaaaE'B hohojcshtb bto ea seiaHie. 

— TaRi Bon Vb ^exi oeRperb, tto Jly^esapoBi nepexan Ban 
aio iiHGBMo! — ^HOooioposHo nojnyTHJTB a. 

niTeftarapTB eaAJHajioa. 

— Jifi^ nosajiyft, ^to bh h npaBsi... Hy, a& Boe paBHoI A 6yAT 
TepifiTB Boe, ^To toibro He saTpoHerB oohobi Moet xjmti^ xoero ^e- 
lOBi^eoRaro xooroHHOTBa. Bijif> BH-se lepniiH? Ouu TepoaTil 

— Hj, 06^ HHxi XH eii^e yoniexi noroBopHTB, lenepB He Bpexa... 
xa H He iri&GTO, — npH6aBHjn» a no-^paai^BORH: — botb JlyHBROB'B, Ra- 
xceroa, ne chhtb. 

Mh en^e no6ojrraiH HiRoropoe Bpexa. JlxHrpifi BspasHjrB BOiyxi 
TAHBjieHie Toxy, ^ro TaRi paaoTRpoBeHHH^aioa co XHoft x nocBarKn 
xena b'b obox^ HHTHXHyn shshb* 

— A paBBi Bii sarteie 061 btoxi? 

— 0, lAvbl ?T0 6u HH noxyxasH bu 060 me% ho saiix). 

— He cqHTaftre xena o^exB nexodpturb ^ejioB-i^oirB, ^XHrpit He- 
TpoBXUl BipBTe, ^To HxeHHO 0% 81010 Bo^opa a HOJODfiajTB Baoi oa- 
XUXli HCRpeHHHXl o6pa30xi. 

^Bipifi ropa^o nosan xod pyny. 

— fl 8T0 ^tyBOTBOBajTLl — oRasan ovh saxymeBHo: — xeprBei^i xaxi 
xepTBOAoxi He oraneTB oxiaiboa... Saaexe-JiH^ HBaarb HxROiaeBH^, 
xffb Bce Bpexa laRi h Raseroa, no 8to-to h octb wteh nasHBaexHt 
«Ton 0Birb» — xip'B, vb Roropoxi xh sxBexi TenepB oi> saxx. H a 
pasoRasuBaji'b Baxi ceroxxa o OBoeft sexxot sh8hh, jifiaeMt h xaBtRi 
yse HeBOBBpaTHofi! 

Hoojri^ BToro xii saxonaxH h pinrnm nonuiaTBca saoHyxB. 
Ho coHi xoJiro en^e ho mejvb Kb naxi. BHciymaxaBdi pascRas'L 
Hpo6yAHn Bi xoett ji,^mi otoibro x&bho yonyBmaro, no8a6HTaro... 
TjiyCoRaa, sry^aa TOCRa oxBaixjia xena... niTeSHraprb laRse xo 
nosxaeit hou Bopo^aioa ci 6oRy aa Cor'b na oBoefi secTRoS no- 
orejnr. 

mpodoAOfceHie cjmdyemz), 

H. MejibiuMH-b. 



nOOIBJlHEE CJIOBO. 

(Hail TKBSBB pyCCKHZ'B Bl» AMepHK'S). 



xvn. 



JliTO H ocem npojieiinH HesaviTHO. noxKpanca ROHeifB 
<>]BTfl6pfl, a ch BBXh H Eonei^ BucTaBSH. OnflTB sacTynaJiH bcio- 

jy KOJIOTRH, H SarpOMOSAHJQICB fliqHKH. 

Ho lenepB BTa pafiora He paxoBajia ByHHHa. Ob RasAUMi 
sanaKOBaHHUirb aKcnoHaioirb, cb Raa^jpm OBOE^eHHUirB an^H- 
soKTb npH6jiHauuiai totb MOKenn, Borsa owh ff>nmdB% 6wn> 
ocTaiBCH onaiB oshhi. 

Bcft BHasoioie ero noneicHory pasiiasaJDHCB h8b ^Hsaro. 
FyjiBxi yse yixajTB bb Hbio-Ioprb ycTpaHBaiB lairB HOBoe 
yBOBepcHTeTCRoe nocexeHle. Mapycio HecjioBy sBajTB rb ce&b 
orescB, ROTopuft nojiy^HJTB Micro na xHmraecROMB saBOX^ bb 
HBRy-IopRCEOMB niTart. niyjfCRafl ixaira Ha jij^jvyjo BHCiaBRy bb 

EOCIOHB. 

ByHHHy TOORO OHeHB XOTftJEOCB noixaTB BB BOCTOHB, rA% OHB 

j^aiB xo6BTBCfl jrawaro CBH^aHiH cb EejiaifH, ho ohb snaarb, 
no niyKCRafl ho MOxerB npHrjuacHTB ero. Toft xe nefiojiBnioft 
cymai, Roropyio ohb crohhjib, xnaTajio tojbro na nepeiaxB ao 
BocTOHa, a lairB ohb onyiEJicfl 6h 668b rpoma. Bojieft-HeBOJieft 
npimuiocB ociaTBCJi wh ^Raro h trk^tb pa6oTii. 

Bb toib xbhb, rofae oh!B npoBOAHJiB Ha BORsajiB JIhaIk) 
HaraoBHy h Mapycio, ohb BepnyjicH aomoA bb ]q)aHHOMB na* 
CTpoenlH. EMy raxmo 6uiio pascraBaTBCfl cb hhmh. inyMC9»a 
<aroTpijia cepBesHO b ynacrjuiBO h RpinRO nosaia eicy pyxy Ha 
npon^aHBe. Eft 6iuio saoiB, hto ohb ho ifflTh cb neio, Jiynmaro 
noMon(HiBa ona 6h ho acejajia. Ho noRa aro HeBoaMOXHO. 

Mapycji, BecejBLaa e osHBJueHHafl, yB^p^Jia, hto y hoh npex- 

TyBCTBle, HTO OHH OHflTB CROpO BCXpikMTCfl. Ofla 060XPflH)n](HMB, 

jiacROBinrb aarjiHAOUB CMorp^jra na nero hsb ORHa Barona h 
j(0jro 6My RJsaHfljuacB. Ohb meJTB aa noiaAOicB so rtxB nopi, 

HORa MHJIOe JIHHHRO HO CRpiUOCB HdB FJiaSB. 

Bi ceMBi Po6epTca, pa6oHaro, y Roioparo orhjeb ByHHHB, 
A^jia Tose HUH Hjnoxo. ^0^ 6ro, KappH, jrannuiacB paOora, 
-xER-b RaRB $a6pHRa9 Ha Roropyio ona paCoraaia, BpeneHHO b^- 



42 * FyCCKOE BOriTGTBO. 

KpujiacB B% osHAaHiH njioxoro ^HHaHCOBaro ro^a. ICeHa evo 
xBopajia. CaiTB PoCepicb, BUcyHye'b asuRi, fiiras'B aa pa6oToft.. 
7npaBJiflioii(ift xpefioBajTL ynjiaiu AenerL sa BBapiipy sa wb- 
cfliTB BnepeA'B, a neaHe yrposajni BurHaTB hxi Ha yjiEi^y. 

fflbSHL BM^Cli, H80 XHfl B'B AOHB, BpinRO CBflSfiTBaen JCK)X6ft, 

H B'B ceMBi Po6epTca ByHBHa c^Hxajni cbohxi nejnoB^KOirb. 
M-ci» Po6epTCi Bcerna c6eperajia ajui Hero caime JiaROime sy* 
coHBH, a MOJiOAeHBRafl, AO npospa^HocTH 6jiiAHafl KappH h» 
CRpuBajia CBoeft oco6eHHot CHunanH Kb neicy. Go ciapHKOirs 
Po6epTCO]Cb ByHHH'B 6ujii bb cavuxi ApysecBHxi OTHomeHlAX'B 
H, KOFAa TorB CRasajDEB eny o saTpyAHeHin cb RBapTHpoft, By- 
HEWby He saAymiBaflCB, npeAAOSHJi'L eicy samiaTBTb sa CBoe co- 
Aepsanle sa M^cjai^i BnepeAB. Jifi chx'b nopi ohb njiiaTHjr& no- 
HeA^^BHO* TaKHMB oCpasoiTB onacHOCTB 6iuia na Bpena ycTpa- 
Hena. Ho ByHHHB OTAajTB 6oj[%e hojuobehu CBoero cfiepesenm. 

TenepB h ofb npHcoeAHHHJicfl rb Po6epTcy— nysHO 6iuio 
He siBaTB H, BO ^0 6h TO HH CTajno, Haflni RaRoe HHCyAB a^o. 
Ohh Bxicrt o6irajiH Bci rohtoph h 6iopo, AOCtaionQH paCory. 
Ho TaMB Bce 6ujio TaR% nepenojmeHo, ctojibro napoAy sanHcaHa 
paHBme bxii, ^to Po6epTC'B npaHO CRasajrB: cMu yxpeicB cb- 
roJiOAy npesA6, h^mb nojuyHHiTB ^epesB hhxb pa6oTy. HoftA^irB 
Ha yjiHi^, lam* CRopie mosotb HaBepnyiBCJi cj[yHaft>. 

yjiBna CMOTpijia ynujuo h HeopHBlTJiHBO. P'&SRift ocohhUI 
B^Tep'B jijjrb CB osepa, noAHBHaa cb MOcroBoft uj^jme ctojii6h 
HUJiH. BypiiH oGjiaRa hojisjih no neCy, to sjEOB^n^e xuypflCB, Ta 
paspuBaacB na RocicaTHe, rpasHue Rjio'iBfl. 

BeceJiaH Tojotna, en^e xaRB neAaBHo osHBJiflBmafl ^bRaro^ 
to^ho cniHyjia. TenepB, na CM^ny eft, buhojisjih na yjaasj yfiO" 
rie, same jiioah, cb n^eTHHHCTHicH noA^opoARaMH, wb nopusft* 

JIUXB H BfilltBiTmHXB HO TO HEAXaRaXB, HO TO RaiQlBeftRaXB, 

yrpioMue h cepAHTue. FpHsmie o6opBaB^u tojohuihcb ho jsji- 
joiiTB AH3MB y RaSaROBT) — TenepB ohh HenyaRHU diurpr auco 

AJIH HHCTRH yjIHI(l. BflJIO H HeHOBOpOTJEOIBO HepOCTynaJIH OHH 

Cb Hom na Hory, 6e8HaAesAHO rjiAAfl na cbItb Bosift BBaJSHB- 
mHMHCfl rjiasaicH. 

Rto 6u noBipHJiB, ^to sto avepHRancKle paCoHie? Fa^ se 
BXB dHeprifl? RyAa A^BajoiCB snaHeHHTue piii(apH xpyAa? 

H ByHHHi Ha^HajiB ocasAaTB BonpocaMH PoCepTca. 

— HeyxejEoi h^tb HcxoAa, h^tb cpoACTBa homohb? PasB^ 
OHH HO npHHaAJiesaTB rb pa6oHHMB coiosaiiB? 

— BEAHTe-JIH,— OTB^HaJTB BAyMHHBO PofiopTCB, — ROFAE ^eJIO- 
BiRB CBaJOUICH BHHSB, HOffB rOpy, eHy TpyAHO nOAHflTBCA. Hy- 

seHB RaR0ft-HB6yAB oco6eHHufi tojdehorb, Hto6u OHB BCTpene- 
nyjicfl. Hy, canH noAyvaftTe, ^to TaRoe pa6o^ft 6esB pa6oT2i? 
Bce paBHO, hto TOJiira Sesi ROJieca, t&io 6esB rojioBii. Hocmo- 

TpHTO, RaRB y HHXB pyRH OHyCTHJIHCB, BHCaTB TOHHO HJDLeTH. 



nOCJI^HBB GJIOBO. 43^ 

Bd^AB 8T0 He myrsa, no ce6i sHaeTe. Pa6oTa— ocHoea acflSHH. 
PaCoTU wbrbf ■ bcji shshb dphxoxhtb bi pascTpoftciBO. Bi, 
^naro MHorie nplixajiH, a H^Boropue h jAmzowh npHnum, hbv 
AajoHHn Mien. IIoHaA^JiHCB na BucraBKy, Aft botl h sacipa- 
jiH. OcMOTpaicfl, nosHaBOKflTca, Mosen 6urhj HT0-HH6yAB v na- 
X7i[aH)n. 

ByHHHi cjforpift'b Ha anixi hctoh^ohhuxi, 6jii%ahhxi jnoxeft 
cb lynoft 6e3HaAezHOCTBio bo Bsopi, h cam sapasajicfl hxi 

TOCKOft, HTb OTHaflHleMl. TOHepB OHB BnOJmi nOHEHaJTb HTB. 

OWb He TOJIBBO cBJBLOOKHJrb PJEJ BB paHU», OHB CaMB HJB-^ 
CIBOBaJIB 8TH paHH. Cb T&XB HOpX, RaBB OHl Sapa^OTUBaJTB 

xjiifo BB nort jauta, ohb noHJurb cmucjui Tpyxa. Kpoirb loro, 
HTO pa6oTa Ropiouia ero/ ona AABajna eny laEoe HpaBCTBennoe 
yXOBieTBopenle, hto 668^ nefl offb HyscTBOBajTb ce6a louo OTop- 

BaHHHMB on 2CH8HH, TOHHO HB HUtlO^HMB DpBBa JRHTb. 

Tl HeKHOiie pa6o^ie, Boropue fiujoi saHfliu na BUCTaBsb, 
npHHOCBJiH OTTysa HeyTimHTeJiiHUfl b^^cth. ^Tam nuo paspyme- 
Hle Toro, HTO coBA&iiH 8TH fBHciBiiila, BaKii' njiexH, pyKH». 3Aa- 
Hie sa BAaHieHB pyniBJiocB. IIoAaBJieHHHft ponon npo6%rajiiB no 
pa86pocaHHmrB rpynnaiCB 6e8pa6oTHUxi npn RasAon hoboitb 

HSB^TIH. ?T0-T0 OCKOpCHXejIBHOe J^& Ce6fl HyBCTBOBan OHH B1^ 

dTOiTB cBanpnsi 6oraHefl». 

— 3axorijiH— nocxpoHJiH, aaxortjiH — paapynnwiH, — BopnaorB 
PoCepiCB, emacB otb xoJuoAa y A^peft Ka6aRa. — Konncft nrpym- 
KH, a irann&i cjcesRH. HefiocB, caim-To yApajm sa, rpaHBiq^, Ra- 
raioTCfl TenepB no napHsauB a^ no JloHAonaicB, AOHe&RH aHe- 
pHRancRlfl npoTpacaiOTB. A hto Aona TBopHxpa, ao aroro hmb 
A^a Hin. ByAB ohh npoRJiHrn! 

PofiepTCB HHROrAa He rOBOpHJTb, RTO €0HH>, ho ByHHHB H He 

cnparnHBajiB. Ohb yse npHBURB noHBxaTB CBoero npiaTejia cb 
nojiycjiOBa. Gb lixB nopB, rbbb cyAB6a nepeCpocHJia ero hsb 
npHBHJierHpoBaHHaro RJiacca bb pa6oHift, bb HeMB caicoirB na-^ 

HaiB BOSHHRaiB 0C06£rft CEJiaA^b HHCJIH. Ta naRJIOHHOCTb RB RpH- 

THRi, ROTopaa npeacAe nanpaBJiajiacB na neto caiforo, lenepB 
o6pan^ajiiacB na pasCopB jiidacrhxb OTHomenlft. 

PasB, yipoMB, RorAa bcb ceifBH en^e CHAiJia sa saBrpaROMBy 
Po6epTCB, BCTaBaBmlft paHBme bc^xb h yxoAHBmlft no A'^aiiB, 
EeoaRHAanno BomejirB bb RyxHio. 

— CjonnasH,— CRasajTB ohb, caAflCB rb CTOJiy h npHHHicaflCB 
sa OBCJiHRy. — Bnepa na BHCtaBR^ Oujib cipamHiit nosapB. Gro- 
pijio Bce AO TJia. SI ceft^acB npoxoAHJiB no ropoAy^ napoAB 
BcioAy sBBOJiHOBajica. y^B OHeHB HXB dTO omapanuuio. 

— A HTO?— CnpOCHJIB ByHBHB.— PSBBi nOAXOFB? 

— FoBopaxB, KbJio HecoBCiMB HHCTO— noacapB na pyRy rom-^^ 
nanlH, CTpoBBmefl BUCiaBRy h oCasaBmeftcfl cneciH sAaala. 



44 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

— Bon BaiTB H emfi rypB6a 668pa6oTHSxiiI — co bsaoxoitb 
x^Easiuia u-ci PoCepxcB. 

— Jifi,, oroHB cA^jiaiTB cBoe k^o h mraiii sa cBoft ipyAib 
fle Tpe6yerb,— saMiTHJTb HaciciiiuiHBO Po6epTC'E.— Tose BuroAa, 
TOJiBBO He Bi Ham'B sapMani. A Ham cb BaicE,— o6paTHJica owb 
fCB BjHHHy, — HeCojibmaA pa6oTa HaBepniBaercfl. 

— %o BH? RaKafl?— paAOCTHO BOCRnK^yjTb ByHHHi. 

— Snaeie, ^to SHaHnn cmsjsfijmiewh? 

— Hirb. 

— Hy, BaKE-se, pasBi ne BHAanH— haotb hmobIki, a na 
^HHHi H Ha rpyAH no orpoxHoft xocRi ci oCrbaBMEisaai? 

— BaAik^9 R0He?H0, ho npn^eirb sue Tyn caHABEHi? B^jub 
^aHABH^'B,— 9T0 A3a jQioicTfl zj['66a c% ifflcoM'B Bi cpeAHHi? 

— ^a. A TyTL BMicTO xjrtCa — ^aocm, BificTO iwca— nejio- 
BiKB« Ero-TO wb myiBy h HasHsaioTB caHABH^Meni. 

— jI^pyTHMH CJHOBaHH— aKEBOft CTOJl(h> JiflA 06^BBMBl1k. 

— JIfi, H 8T0, nosajDtyft, 6yAerb Bipno. 

— He OHOHB no^eiHaa oSasaHHOCTB, — npoxAnyji'B ByHHffb« 

— KyAa yai,— OTsi^ajTB PoCepTct. — HocjiiAifi ipaMm na 
^88 HAeiTB. Jifi HTO noA&iaeniB, RorAa HHHero Apyroro Hin. Ro- 
Heno, Bu MosoTe. pa36HpaTB, bu HejuoB^Bi OAHHOsit, a y ifenfl 

^OMBJi. 

— Hirb, a OTh b2lc% He OTCTany, — BOCBJiHKHyjrb saA^TUfl 
Ba SHBoe ByHHHi, — Bce pasno xyse OAHOicy 6e3'B pa6oTu no 
yjuiKaiTB TacKaTLCA. A icaBoro poAa 6yA8irB oBiflBJieHie? 

PoCepicii BOAHJi'b naJiBiteirB noHocy h Kasajucfl CMyn^eHHUirb. 

— Bce 6a6BH 6peAHB, — CRasani ohi, HaRonei^, noHecuBaa 
sa yxoMi H KHBafl b'b CTopoHy sefiti h AO^epH. EyHEHi sHaji'b, 
HTO oHi He Ciunb ctopohbhrom'b sencRaro Bonpoca. 

— H cRasaxB-To coBiciHO, — npoAOJUsaJTB ciapHR'B, — bu 
BipHO cjmxajQi Aft H B'b rasoTaxi HHraJHH, hto naniH 6apuHH 
BsCyHTOBajiHCB. Xourb hochtb lypei^Rie maponapH bm^cto k)6ori 
B HasHBaion eio RocTioKOirb XX BiRa. TaR:b oahhb coAepsa- 
TejiB pecTopaHa o6xflBJiaerB, hto y nero Bci xlByaiRH, npHCJiy- 

>3RHBaK)ntlA B'B pOCTOpaHi, 6yAyTl hochtb ROCTIOirB XX CTOJiiTifl. 

dxo o6xiiBjiieHle mi h aojishu tacRaiB. 

Mbctphcci Po6epTC'B h Kappn pacxoxorajiHCB h ciajiH noA- 
^pasHHBaTB Po6epTca,^o cana cyABfia b% naRasanle sa to, ^to 
OHi HpoTHBi saeBmv&f HOCUJiaeTB exy 8Ty pa6oTy. 

— BeperBCB, RaRi-Su bbmb ho nonacTBoi na rjiasa nameft 
U'Ch RsDJiepi, B^AB ona sacM^rb,— CRasaia k-cb PoCepTCB. 

— He BB 8THXB se Tpy^^o6axB uu 6yAeMB xoahtb,— hoao- 

BOJUBHHHB TOHOXB OTB^^aJHB Po6epTCB. — HamO MiCTO HB rJlBB- 

ffiixB yjiHitaxB, Ha BOCTo^moft CToponi. 

^epesB HicROJiBHO AHeft cto «»hbuxb ctojii6obb» cb o6bbb- 
>seHleMB ROcnoMi XX b^rb neAJieHHO ABHrajracB a^hhoA bo- 



r 



UOCJL%AE%R CJIOBO. 4& 

peHHiieft no Grdn-GTpBn, rjraBHOft Toproeoft ymx^ ^ncaro. 
%Boe BffL HSX'B 6ujiH Po6epTCi H ByHHHi. Po0epTC% zMypucji 
I ch cepxanuTb BExovb thshqjio CTynaJni BpynHHHH maranH. 
CKOH^yseHHoe jmnp ByHHHa, en^e He npaktHiBinarocfl %% siot 

HOBOft «npeBpBTHOCni C7XB6h», P06bO BIirJUlXfilBUO H8!b-8lL 
XOCKH. 

Bflpo^em, cMyn^eHie ByHBHa npoAoarauuiocB Hexojiro. Oh^. 
CBopo y6ij(Hjrca, ito npoxoatle HHTaK)Tb o6i>ABJieHi6 Ha ero 
rpyXK H Ha chbh^, ho coBcixi ho cMorpHn na Hero caMoro. 
Hhkto fiAxe He saiiiHajrB ero, kbei 6jk£0 ubtrjij XBynfl xockainr 
HexoBiRa He 6ujio, a 6ujch touro ctoji6i>. 9io paBHOAynde npo*- 

XOZHTB XOCTaBJUXO ByHHHy yXOBOJILCTBie. OhI ^BCTBOBaJTb, 9ta 

cipaxajn 6u noxb jno6oHtiTBHifH BsrjsflAaiiH. Ei ero c^acriiDy 
wiTh ropasAO 6ojAe HnrepecoBaji'b K0CTR)irb XX B^Ra, ^Am% 
lexoBivB XIX ctojAtIh, o6paDteHHii8 b% ctoji&b. 

ByHXHB CRopo ycnoROHJicfl. Or^acTH ero oCjienajio TaRxe 

COSHBHle, HTO 0B% HO O^HHl, HTO 99 HeJUOBiRl ^^SBJ^JlBJOTh eifO 

ynacTB. Owh ciapaxcfl hath Ran moxcho 6jiHse kb Po6epTcy^ 

BOpROTHH ROTOparO, BfiipasaBHiaa OX^aCTH ero COtiCtB0HHUH HltCJUl^ 

6Hjia eMy npLiTHa. 

ByHUHi maraxi h fjiOLirb, AynajTB h maran. 

no BpeMeHaHi hmi^ BCTpinajracB Apyraa BepeHHi(a taRHZ'L, 
se xmux'b ctojuCobi, ci HueHeirb BexHRaro anrepa hjoi snaice- 
BHTot niBHi^Ht Ha rpyAH h na CHHHi. Ohobhaho, BOJOUcocBiTCRaa 

SI8HL nua CBOHlfl HepOAOH'B. 

Hap^AKa npoHocBJiHCb dxeciBn^le eRHnam coiy^aftHO ocraB- 
mccH BT> ^Raro Coraneft, cl HeCpexcHO pasBajiBBmBicHCH a&- 
iraMH. RorAa BjHHH'b ciopoHHJica nepoA'b hhmh, rA^nnCyAB na. 
nepeRpecTKi, h BsrjuiAB ero oaAaxi na bth cnoRoftnuH, cavo* 
Ioboxbhuh JiHiia, hoboo, crpaHHoe nyBciBo saRnnajiQ bi rpyAH 
czBBoro CT0Jii6a». Bca nenpaBAa jsioacrhxi OTHomeHlft ciaHOBH- 
lacL A^H Hero peajiBH^e, ocflsaiejiBHie. To, hto npesAe 6fiiJio 
noAepHyro TyHanoM'b HeacHuxi, oiopBaHHuxi on xhshh Teoplfl, 
TenepB ctbhobexocb acho, BaRB aohb. mvb PoCeprcB, yMHuft, 
pascyAHTexBHuS Po6epTCi, xyse dioft nycTuniRH, saAHpaion^eft 

HOCB Vh CBOeft ROXHCRif Jlfl H OH^b, ByHBHl, ^Ml OffB XySO 

Reaf Ob RaRHm npespinleirB ona Ha Hero BsrxBHyxa. Eh^o Cu, 
RecHacTHHft caHABHHMeHil 

ByHHFB OTCipaHHxi nepoAHiOK) AOCRy h ORHHyxi rphthho- 
(UDTB BarxBAOMi CBoe HxaiBe. Oho, Hesa^iiHO aj^h nero caicoro^ 
sft nocx^AHee BpeicH cTpanmo hbhochxocb. CoxHi^e, aohab h 
luxB o6paTHXH HHAxcaKB H81 ciparo b:b 6yp£ift. Bi* h^croxb- 

I IXB MftCTaXl BBAHiXHCB A^pU, RapnaHU OTTOHUpHXHCB, TO^HO 

I M^nyxxH. nanraxoHBi, apoiepTue na rox^hbx'b, Cbixh o6opBaHU 
idBsy. Ha canoraxi napocxa rpasB. 

— JlK)6yeTecB na ceCx, — pasAaxcfl myTXHBuft roxoci Po^ 



46 PyCCKOB BOFATCTBO. 

<$epTca, EOTopuft noAomejrb rb Hevy coBciirb 6JUi8RO.~HH?erO| 
Bu HacTOfliqIft akEjLBWQiewby saKi csHjf^eTh. 

CjioBa 8TH He iipexcTaBJG[fljm 6oJiBmoro yrimeHiH. BjBBWh 
onflTB samarajTB. OfipuBRH Hucjieft norajuHCB vb rojioBi, Hasoft- 
JUHBO HanpamHBajncB htofh ero npefiuBaHiji bi Anffpmb. ?to 
cx'i^jiaji'E owb? Bi Hen noxBHByjicfl Bnepejo? 

Easi Bi TyMaHi noMHHTB offB CBoft nepBuft se6K>Tb Ha Rpa- 
^»jiBHoft $a6pHKi. 06niHpHufl[ XBopi, rpynna pa6oHHrb, MeJUB- 
Kaiontaa nepexi» rjotasaia jotefiewsa, nojiiHBfl, CpeBna... A riun, 
xajDBme, tohho sacHyjTB THzlt sajoiBi noA:b JiynaifH naian^aro 
cojiHqa*.. PyKH Cojum on nenpHBH^noft pa6oisiy cnHHy jio- 
iCHTB, noTB JiBen cb jmiQk*.. Ho na fjoA JierRO. A&, bio npiar- 
Hoe BOcnoHHHaHie. He cjforpfl na to, hto cnHHy aioinuio h pjkh 
6ojii&n[, oHi HyBCTBOBajTb ce6fl ohohb zopomo. 

A noTOXi? EoTOHi 611J10 hto-to CTpaflHoe. Tohho owb bjtI- 
^ajTB Bi pasmifl mBypu h ohatb BUJiisajrb hsi hhz'b. Botb owb 
cpasy B'b Tpexi nncypRazi — cysoxoftRH, JiaBea h nosapa. A 
Taicx pa6oTa HaBucTaBR'6, h ente HOBaa mRypRa — npHBan9iHBfl. 
PasB'b owb He Chjtb npHRan^HRoiTB bi RycrapHOiTB orxbA? PasB'b 

He HCHHTaJTby HTO SHaHHTl CTOflTB Sa HpHJiaBROlTB H TOpFOBaTB, 

He npomeJTb i^ijiuft pa^^ hobux-b noBUTit h on^yn^enift? 

H BOTB, lenepB obtb, naRonei^, camBoft ctojiBii*. dia mhcjib 
noRasajnacB euy ao tofo cifinraoK), hto ohi rpoioco pacxoxo- 
lajicfl. l^xaiTB sa accoKiaiueft BeaaxH, a oCpaiEJucfl wb «sHBoft 
<n!0Ji6*B»t ^opn sHaen, hto laRoe... 

ByHHHy BcnojfHHacfl TyAaRi» BetnmTeftsrb cb ero nopasHieJiB- 
Hoft H8o6p'6TaTejiiBHOCTBK) H noJoiTHHecRHHn nanHpocaMH. Bchom- 
HKuca KapHayxoFB, crpemuipftca pasdoraT^TB, lceHTaK)^^ft 
ipaHsioamixi npexnpUriax'B, a wb slficiBHTeJiBHOCTH npoxaH)npft 

BJOORBeHHUft RBaCB H CHAflll^UI lA) vIjOHTB WSOCb Vb CMpftAHOft 
RyXHi. A pflXOWB CB HHITB BTa SeHnpUSa CB HeHaCUTHUlTB TD^e- 

CDuuBieiTB, SHByn^aa kbmojo-to d^nepHOK) o6n^ecrBeHHOio auisHBio. 
OxpaHHiie JUOAH, cipaHHaa suishb! Hxi crpeiuieHla h u/ksa, ne- 
noHaiHH eny. Euy fijuise rt, APyne, hto ocB^n^iiorB MpaRi* 

JBH8HH, RaRB SB^AH HOHHOe, TOMHOe He60. BOTB 0H&, 8TH HHCTHa 

xyniH — FyjiBAi, niyMCRaa, ciapnRi, nponoBiA7K)Q^ Bceo6- 
H^ MHpi, Mapyca... Boacel Mapycal 

FopaHeft BOJmoft npsjiHaa RpoBB RfB cepniy BynHHa npa 
XHCJos Heft. cJKHBoft cToa6Bi AporHyjTB xmwrb HeaoBine- 

CRHITB HyBCTBOlTB. 



xvm. 

Ohh HanaaHCB na ab^ nesiaH. HepByio E^jkijao Po6epTC^ 
•xoTa H Bop^aai, ho nepenocHai AOBoaBHO tepniaHBO. Ex ROHi^y 



nOGI^HSB GIOBO. 47 

BTopoft— TepuiHie ero jionHyjuo. Ohi roBopHjrb ByHHHy, hto 
HyBCTByen ce6sL^ wxb co6aKa Ha vknm. 

J^'fajio Bx ToiTb, no sa dTO Bpeicfl 6e8pa6oiHBie HanaJHH bu- 
loxHTb H8i anaTH^iHaro coctoahIa h npo^BJiflTb npHSHaKH shs- 
BH. noacapi Ha BucraBRi npoHSBejTL na pa6oHHX'B CHjiBHoe Bne- 
\ujr6Hle. 7 coieHi Effh nsn, pascHHTiiBaBmHX'b en^e na vbr 
<^^3Q^9 Apyrot pa6oxH, npaxo othjijih sycoKi oxo pra. H botb, 
•CO XBH nozapa, tohho saHeceHHaa OTryAa^ paaropaiacB bi wtl 

fjm^Tb HCRpa HeAOBOJUBCTBa. 

Pa6oHie, BepHyBmiecfl cb BuciaBKH, bc^hh CHJiaiiH pas^y- 
Ban ee paacKasaMH o pasmm HecnpaBeAJiHBocTflXL h noxBOxaxi. 
Bcjofj Ha^aoH co6HpaTBCfl rpynnu, TOjncoBajra, Bosnyii^ancB... 

PoCepicx, npEBURmlt npHHHMaTb ynacrie bi oCniecTBeH- 
HHxx xiflaxi, crpaxas'B on HeBOSMOSHocn npHMKHyrB ri to- 
BapHii(aMi H npoRUEajTb roctk)mi» XX ctojuMai HaneMii CB^n 

CTOHTb. 

HaROHeiTB, vb cy66oiy, bb 12 HacoBi aha, cpoRi rohhhjica. 

PotfepTCB H ByHHHl OCBO6OAHJUICB. 

PoCleprcb wh ion se a^hb mejTb na coCpanie 6e8pa6oTHUxi 
I 8Ban ByHHHa cb co6oft. Ho BynHHB oTRasajica. Owb 6wn> 
<:TpainHO pa^B, hto oCpaTHJiCA hbb <cT0Ji6a> oiihtb bb HOJiOBiRa. 
Eiiy BaxorijiocB xotb HOHaAOJiro otpinuiTBCfl otb aroft €6opB6if 
8a RycoRB XJDi^6a> h npoBecri xotb a^hb no CBoeny. Bb hoxb 
BiQ)yrB npocnyjiocB acejiaHle no^HiaTB, yanaTB, hto A^aeica Ha 

6I1OICB CBirt, H OHB npflKO OTnpaBHJUCfl BB 06lI^eCTBeHHyB) 

^SH&doreRy. 

Ho OHB HOAOJirO npOCHAiJKB laiTB. OhB OTCiaJTB, OTBURB HH« 

taiB. Ero TflHyjio na BOs^yxB. Ohb BumejrB hsb 6H6jtIoT6RH h 
HanpasHJica rb naCepexHoft. 

JI^eHB 6ujn> £CHHft. OsepOy iHxoe h cnoRoftnoe, oixuxajio no- 
C3A p^Aa CypHux'B AHofl. Ho CHHoft noBepXHOCTB ero nepeCi- 
rau CjnecTflH^ifl, cepe6pncTiifl HCRpu. Heo6BflTHafl icacca boau 
GesROHeHHO iflnyjiacB RyA&-TO, amBaacB cb He6oMB Bxam. Hpo- 
THBOHOJioxHaro 6epera ne Cujdeo bhaho. 

EijEEoe, Jienoe, RaRB nyniORB, o6jiaRO thxo hjiujio no He6y 
I CEopo hc^objuo, pacTaABB bb rojiiy6oft BimiBHi. 7 6epera 
^jTB cjmmHO njiecRajiacB BOJina. Koe-rA^ pijiJiH naftRE. 

— dRaa npejKecTBl— CRasajiB BynsHB h BQAOXHyjrb nojmoft 

rpyABK). EHy BcnoMHEJicfl a^hb npilsA^ oro bb AMepHRy. Ohb 

61UIB laRoft jRe ACHuft. ByHHHB no6pejrB no naCepesHoft, cb 

HacjasxealeMB noAcraBJiflH ahi^o hoab cBixlft, vjn saifiTmift 

. BltepoKB. 

BnepoAH, na h^rotopomb pascTOHHiH, Teiraijio orpoHHoe sAa- 
Hie HBi AHRaro RaicHH. 3to 6iurB ^Bopei^i HcRycciBB. BymiBB 
JiOAyMaJTB, HTO en^e hh pasy TaHB ne 6ujiib h nomeoiB vb nexy. 
Ohb tohho ho SHasB, hto f/bMn co CBoeio CBo6oAoft. 



48 PyCCKOE BOrATGTBO. 

no o6itMi> CTopoHaiTb nrapoRoft jricTHHi^ii BESHimcB orpoic* 
HUfl ofiiiiBJieHifl. Owb noAomejTb CiouKe h, He CMOipa Ha cboh> 
6jiH8opyfiocT&, en^e sa nicKooiBRo maroB'B npo^wb KpyimyiD nax- 
hhcb: <Coi[iajiLH£ift BonpocB». 

Bon H OTJiHTOO, CesHJiaTHafl jneni^fl. Rasi pasi RcraTH. 

.B6JIH8H owb yBflffiji^b, ^To JieRi;la HHiaeTCA ceroABfl, B'b 3^ 
Haca nonoJoyAHH. TenepB 2 naca, SHaqsn, CKopo OTRpoion 
SBepH. Owb pimBJTh noAOSxaiB, cijn> Ha ciyneHH jd[%cthhipi h 
OTKpujTb raseiy. 

Ho He ycnioTb owb npo^Hraxb h HicsojuBBHrb cjiobi, saiTE 
KTO-TO ipoHyai ero sa njiew. Ohl orjuAHyjicfl — nosiwi Hero 

CSOOJL'b OrpOMHKlft pH2Cift HOJIHCJfeHl. 

— Ha ciyneHJiX'b ch^Itb ne noBBOJiiieTCfl,— CKasajTB ohx. 

ByHHH^ nocjiynmo Bcrajrb h nomejTB oqhtb no Ha6epesH0ft, 
HHiaH rasery. Ho eicy npHmjuocB CRopo 6pociTB. Ero Ceanpe- 
ciaHHO TOJDUUui oCroHflBHiie ero pa6oHie. Ha Ha6epesHyia ch 

paBHUXl CTOpOHl CTOEaJICH HapOX'B. Oh% BCnOHHHJn lOTHHri. 

He noflTH-jiH Jiyvne lyna? Ho nin, ero 6oJiLme Tanerb na 
jieRitlH). Owb noBepHyji'b nasaAB. 

B'L 9T0 BpeXfl mHpORlH ABepH jl^BOpi^a HCRyCCTBl OTBOpH- 

jiHCB. PzuRift nojiHCifefi'E BaacHO ciojurb y ABepeft b cjApiajn> sa 
BXOAHBmram. Bynnnx Bseisaji'B Ha CTynenH h nomejn sa rtc- 
HHBcaeiocH y BXOAa lojmoft. 

Owb yse xortoTb boSth bi rocTenpiHMHo-pacRpuTtiA ABepH, 
RorAa OHflTB HOHyBCTBOBaoi npHRocHOBOHie Rii cBoeify HJieny. 
Ohi orjuByjicH h Bcipinurb cepAHiuft bbfjihab nojracifeHa. 
Ton CTOiiJirby noBOJiHTeJiBHO BiiiHHyBii pyRy h yRasHBajrb nau- 
newb na ue6ojn>mjio Aon^OHRy, npHfiaTyio cji^Ba, y Asepeft. 6y- 
HHHi npoHejTb: «TpaMnaM'B bxoab BOcnpen^effL», h xot^jtb npot- 
TH fjBLjame, Aynaa, ^lo 9to ero ho RacaercA, ho noJiHCKeHB yse 
rpy6ie cxBaiHjrB ero sa njneno. 

— TpaimaMi BxeAi* Bocnpentenx, pasBi ne bhahto?— cepAHia 
BocRjniRHyjii» 6jiiociHTejiL nop^AKa, OTcipaHHH ero on ABepn. 

£yHHH*b 6iijn nopaseHi. TaR'B exo ero noJiHCMeHb npHHH- 
xaen sa Tpaiinal Ohi bi> CMyn^enlH npmajrb cbok) orpocmyK) 
sa nocJiiAHee BpeicH 6opOAy h orjiaAUBajTE njiaiBe. Jlfi,, hoco- 

MH^HHOi Wb dTOlfb BCH npHHHHa. HjiaTBe HCTaCRaHO H rpiiSHO, 

canoFH BT> Aupaxi. RaRi» mofb ohx laRi onyciHTBCJi? ^a b^a^ 
yjRi> ROTopuft irbcai^'E ohi Hocnn eio njnatBe. FpasHaH pa6oTa, 
HBiJiB, lacRaHBO no yjmitairB bo BC^yio noroAy. HnRaRoe naaTBe 
He BUAepxan. 

EpoxoAHBrnan HEcraH ny6jSHRa ciopoHBJiacB on nero. «?h- 
CTOia— pOcRomB», bchomhhjihcb OHy uh-to cjiOBa. 

— TpaMnil BpeAHufl ueni oCn^ecTBa! SSrynee ^yBCTBO 
o6hau npoHHRaJio b% ero Ayniy. Ohi BcnoMHHJU'B CTpoiia npa- 
BHia dpoAflraxB, BUBimaHHUH na ABopaxi nojrai^eflcROft cian- 



nOCJII^AHEB CAOBO. 49 

TOE. Ho saKOHy owb noA^esHn saBjnoHOHlio vb iropBMy. EaKi 
HesaMd^THO nepemojTB ohi Ty rpaHBi^y, KOiopaji OTjijkm&n> pa6o- 
naro on 6poAflrE! KaKi HeyjiOBHM'b aTon nepexoA'B. BisL, b^- 

pOflTHO, Bcl T% 060pBaBipi, EOTOpHO 611^6 HeAaBHO TWl yAHB- 

juura ero, lO'rao Tax's a:e, HesaiitTHO XJut caiiHXi» ce6fl, cny- 
ciHJiHCB HH ary hocji'^^hiok) CTyneHB. 

ByHHH'b CTOflJTL Ha Bepxy JliCTHHipi, BQAindft BO ^Bopeiii 
HcKyccTBi H KOJiefiajicji. Eicy 6hjio cipamHO nenpiaTHO noxn- 
HKBCfl rpy6oMy npnRasafiiio nojiHcicefia. Mosers 6utb, ho o6pa- 
miKTh Ba Hero BHHuaHlJi h nonpo6oBaTB evofi pasi Boftni? Mab 
leicitla nyCjEHHEaa... Ho ctOHn-te yHHjRancfl? He Jiynme-JiH 
nofln Ha mhthhtb? 

C'B i^Ta MHTBHra 6e3pa6oTHHX'B, nepemiBaflCB nmpoionQi 
BOJSHaMH, HeccH yse AasHo neflCHufl ryjui h posoirb. ByHHHi 
muii npHCJiyniHBaTBCfl. Hi btoicb cAopsaHHOMi roBopi Mfloro- 
THCfl'iHoft TOJoni eMy qyBCTBOBajiacB HenoHaxHaji, nfTHTflraTeJiB- 
Haa CHJia. 

— To! Fol To!— Horymrb BspuBOMi paaAanocB npHBiicTBie 

TOJUm KOMy-TO. 

ByHHHii saBOJiHOBajica. Hin, He sa^b, bi cTinan 060- 
co6jieHHaro iflpRa cutuxi h wcieHBRHxii imjifii, a xairB, bi^ 
cpeA^ eiA^KOBi, AOJiseH'B OHi yHHTBca xiwtb. Tairb ero xi< 

CTO. 

ByHHffB c6isajrB co cTyneneft ^Bopi^a HcRyccTB'By ne o6pa- 
TiBi HHsaaoro BHHHaHla na pasAaBmiflca sa hhitb HpoHRHecRift 

XOXOTB, H fiirOM'B SO HyCTHJICH HO Ha6epeXH0ft, K'L cTaiyi 

Rojtyif6a, y Roiopoft 6ujl% nasHaneHi^ uiTHHrB CespaSoiHux'b. 

Bca He0oJiBniaa HJion^aARa nepeAi ciaTyefl KooiyMCa coJiomB 
Hepniaa HapoAOirB. T^, Roiopue ho nonicTHJaiCB na njion^aAR^) 
TOJiHEJiHCB wb cociAHHxi yjiBKaxi. Ha Ha6epeacHoft laRsce th- 

Hyuca A^HHHUft XBOCTB, Vh ROTOpOMy ^pBMRHyJI^ H SaHUXaB- 

ndicH ByHHHi. 

Tojma CTHxajDia. IIo HanpaseHHOMy BupaaReHiio janp>, Bura- 
HyniifB mean h ycHaenHOMy ABBacenix) ri> itenrpy, ByHHHi 

UOHaOLl, HTO BCi CTpOMBJIHCB paSCMOTp^TB OpaTOpa, ROTOpuft 

ffoXBB'b 6wn> HauHaTB. BynBEnb nose hbo bcIxi cbjtb Hanpa- 
rajTB sp^Hle, ho hhrofo ho 6usio bbaho. 3cTpaAa, ycipoeHHaa 
181 sycTUXi CoHeRT) h hj^crojilrhxi AocoRi, 6ajidLf oHesBAHOy 
ciBniROH'B HBBRa. HicROJiBRo HeaoBiRi RonomEaHCB y caMOft 
ciaTyB RoJiyM6a, ^to-to rpoMOSABaH b noACxpaBBajiH. 

BApyrB Bca loana RonuxnyjiacB b 6yAT0 savepaa. 

Ha dcrpaA^ cioaaa MaaeHLRaa, cyxeHBKaa senH^BHa, ain 
noAi 60, Bi npocTOMi cipoMi naaiBi b ^iaoft rocuhr*!, cRpoM- 
Bo caojRHBi pyRB B OHycTBB'B FaasB. Hsi) noA'b ciparo RBaRep- 
CRaro HODHBRa BudHBajoiBCB cepeGpBCTue aoROHH, o6paMaaa 
<3aiAHoe, xyAoe aBi^o c% nejiRHMB ^epTaMB. 

Ji 9. Oix^Ai ^« 4 



50 pyCCKOB BOrATCTBa. 

— Kto 8T0?— cnpocHJTB ByHHffb coc^Aa- 

— HsxaTejEbHHita «TpH6yHB[»y Kan Moppncb. 

Ofla noAHflJia rjiasa — ohe KasajuiCB cjmniBoini BeoniRH ajut 
ea MajieHBKaro JWHtL. 

— BpaiBa BO XpHCT^i npHB^n saii'bl— pasxajicfl ea ^h- 
CTuft H MflrRift rojiocB.— BpaiLa! a npimuia noroBopiiL Cb BaMH, 
KaKi jiK)6flii](aa cecrpa. Yslq mhofo Aseft cji^y h sa b&mh, 
MHoro AHeft BHJsy TocRy h oiHajiHle aa juu^ax'b Banrnxi. fyma 
BamH B'B CMjn*eHiH. Bairb ipyAHO, a 9to sHaio. TnxBJio cjoi- 
maiB CTOHu seH!b h kphr'b A^ieft, yiioJiflion^HX'B o RycK*! xjii%6a, 
fl He HM^TB ero. Taseso bha^tk htb BU[6ponieHHU]fH Ha yjo^y 

B'B XOJIOA'B H CJiaROTB H HB HaftlH A^Lfl HHXB RpOBa. CipaniHO 

Tflsejio lepaTB tix'b H snaiB, hto ohh ynHpaiorB otb ro^OAa. Ho 
eni^e NSRejiie HOJOLOsiRy sAopoBony h ouiBHOuy odpanTBOi bib 
HOBOJiBHaro CesA^JKBEHKa, yifOJUfliB o pa6oTi, RasB o BOJinaft- 
meft HHJiocrH, h BcioAy noJiynaxB oTKan. YjEaeno cosHasaTB ce&i 

CeBHOMOn^HUMB H CeSCHJIBHiarB. 

PiHB HaHOHBROft SeHHtHHU AUniaJia rJ[[y60RH]CB HyBCTBOlCl. 

Bci cJKymajiH ee, xojraajiEBue h cepBeanue. 

— ^, STOcipamHo iflseaio,— npoAOJiauuia ona.— Ho, a^ctbe- 

taSBHO-JIE Bil 6e8CEJIBHU — BAPyTB nOBUCEJUL OEa rOJIOCB. — Mo- 

^KOTB-jni 6uTBy Hio6u TucflHE pasyiiHuxi cyn^ecTBi ho Hanum 
cpoACTBa, RaR:B buAte ebb S^abi? HoTOuy bh nyBCTByere ce6a 
6e8CEj[BHiniE? BpaTBfl! bh noAXamcB CJia6ocTfll Bu sadHjni Bora! 
Bora, ROTopuHi^ AKunen Bca npEpoAa, Bora, KOTopuft sBJUiercs 

Hani B'B CB^Ti COOIHI^a E BO MpaR^ HOHE, BB EiyMi 6ypE H B'B 

apoMart KBina, Bora, ROTopufl sebotb bb xjmi Rasxaro eb'b* 
HacB, coBAaHHaro no o6pa8y ero h no noAo6iio. Jlfi^ bh 8a6HJiH 
Ero. BpaTBJi, BocnpaHBie Ayxoirb— Bofb cb BaiiE e sa BacBl 

JlEito MajieHBRoft sReBmasu. AHmaso BAOxnoBenieHB, rjiaaa 6m- 
crijQEi E JierRift pyicflHeitB noRpujiB ea ciapna, CjilAHua h^ore. 
Tojma TOHHo npEiaEJia AHxanie. EasAoe cjiobo jneiijio AaJieKO, 
AO nocJiiAHEZB paAOBB. 

BApyrB MajieHBRaH sennpiHa noAHflJia bhcoro pyRE, tohho 
fia MOJiETBi E noBepnyjiacB JinqoirB r'b FEraHry-ropoAy, AaJnoRO 
pascTEJiaBnieMycfl bb ipn cTopoHH nepoA'B ea raasaxE. 

— H TH, ropoA'B-HyAO, ^ERaro,— saroBopEJia ona cb oAy- 
meBaenieirB, — tu, ROTopnfl 6e8rpaHEHHOft ce&ioctbk) e CEaot 

SOJIOTa COSAaJiB JlflR MipaHaOAHHB MOMeHT'B 8T0 npORpaCHOe BE- 

A^Hie— B'&iHft TopoA^, Ec^esHyBmee, RaRi npE8paRi», no noRpHB- 
mee leCa cjnaBOio e ynecmee Eifa iBoe AajiORO sa xopa, BHeiiaH 
lenepB xoeMy roaocy. Th en^e ne Ron^Eai. TBoeft ce&iocte 
npoACTOErB Apyroe a'^o, 6oaie BeaERoe BoscraHOBaenie cnpa- 
BeAaEBOCTE na seMail Bh, aiOAH sanaAa, aioAn HoBaro CBiTa, 
Aaftie Boaio CTpeEaeniairB Bamero cepAKa, oxBaTETe Mipx Bamett 
XHcaBK) E CMOipEie: nepeAB saxE 6oai6 BeaERoe a^o, 6oaia 



r 



nOGXBAHEE CJEOBO. 51 

«ejiHKift npassHHRil 9to tote aohl, RorAa ho Cyxen Hyssu m 
x^TpiguiHifl, ce6jB[JDo6ia h saxHocxH, Kor^a hjioaki seiuiii 6jfyTh 
j,iui BiAxb H AJTH K&SA&ro, Rorxa okhshb fiyxen HHiqe h enact - 
-jEHBie, Ses-B yrnereHiH Cpaia dpaTom, Cesi BJioSUy 6e3i npe- 
CTymeHliTy Korxa Ha seuxb boabophtca i^apcTBle Eaadel 

Ho M^pi Toro, RaRi MaJieHBRaA RBaRepma roBopvua, Bec& 

^JEHR'B TOJQOI M^HflJICJi. To^HO Jiy^H TOFO BAOXHOBeHHarO CBtia, 

KOTopuft clflJTb wb rjnasaxi ea, CROJissHyjii no iq)anHim $Hry- 
paMB HeBOJOHiix'B 6poffirh m ocBiimrb hxi>. Korxa OHa roh- 
HHjra, BCH TOJma pBanyjiacB Kb neft 6jaMB. Bdb saroBopHJiH par 
Bon, saABHrajEBCB, oroBcioAy hocjihcb otpubhctua BocBJOHRKaHlfl. 
€l]^pcTBie Bozie na sbiudAU -*«JI^a Bon hto HauB HyaRHO».— «ypa^ 
IbTB MoppiiCEiI— «CjiaBa ^HRarol» — «CjraBa AHepHRf&>! 

y dCTpaAU nuna crpaoiHaB A&BRa. Bci pBaJiHCB rb RdnMop- 
pscB, BciiTB xoiiuiocB nosaiB eft pyRy. HaROHenx, ee noAXBar 
THjrH H, RaRB nepHDiRo, yHecJiB Ha pyRaxB cb hoahoctrobb. 

FoBopB ycHJiHBajiCii, cJiHBajiCB BB HeoiipeA%JieHHiift myiTB H 
ryjiB. HaAB SHaifeHBTiiirB ropoAOMB noHocjiscB AftJi^RO, baoju 
oaepa, rb CTpaHHuq, rposHBie sByRv, noxoxle h na pacRaifii rpona, 
fl Ha peBB uqpcRHXB BOJUHB, ROTopue MoryiB paspocTHCB BB CTpam- 

SJK) 6ypiD, HO MOryTB E CTHXHyTB MTHOBeHHO, 0TB HHHTOJRHOft, CJiy- 
^afiHOft npHHHHU. 

TaKB 6HJI0 H BB 9T0TB paSB. 

PasAajica CTyRB najiRoft no nycTOft tio^Ri, npsBUBaBmlft kb 
nopHAsy) H jn66onHTHiie BZTJUim TOTHacB-se o6pafBjracB ks 
^8€TpaA%. 

Tojina OHHTB CTajia cnixaTB. 

Ha noAHOCTRH cb TpyAOirs BJiibsajiB tojoctjocb neCojamoro po- 
era BB A^niHHonojioicB ciopTyRA h npHnjiiocHyToftniJ[flir&, CB^xaB- 
meft na saTiuioRB. BscoRlft, cobc^icb jsaRpuruft jRHnerB noAnHpajDCb 
«pacHyio meH). ORpyrjioe 6piomRo ero korjio cJiysHTB otjeh^hoI 
peRJiaicoft jno6oMy nHBHOiiy saaoAy. nojmoe, JnocHim^eecfl Jiuno 
HanouHHajro pyiianuft 6jiihhb, CMasaHHUft MacjuoMB. 

Ohb cb TpyAOUB CRpecTEJiiB najiBipi RopoTRHXB pyRB naxK- 
Bori, ckeohhbb rojiOBy na npaByio cropony h xsTpo npnnQr- 
.pflBB iiajieHBRie rjiasRH, nponsHOCB: 

— BoTb H fll 

EyHHHB, ROTopoKy yAasocB npo6paTBCfl 6jnise rb dcrpaffi^ 
-orjuHyjncfl na TOJuiy hobbah nero. 3a HHHyry nepoAB Tbt% 
•cepBOBHUfl H BSBOJEHOBaHHUJi JHHi^a 6KUQI HoysHaBaeifu. Bdl Ao6po- 
^QmiHO yanaCajoicB h cb Ji]o6onuTcrBoiCB norjuAUBajni Ha rohh- 
"^ecRyio ^Hrypy Ha BCTpaA'i- 

cHy, 9T0 jiOBRaHB», — noAyiuuTB BynnnB. 

— Bu XOTRie SHBTB, RTO H,— HpOAOJURaJTB TOJICTflRB, CRIO- 

4iJiH rojioBy Ha jriByio ciopony h jdo6obho rjiHAa na TOJmy.— H — 
J^py^b napoAa. 



52 FTGCKOB* BOrATCTBO* 

Owh BaMOJoraajTby osHAaa BspuBa aniOAHCiceHTOB'B h ne onnrOcff^ 
Bi TOjmi sauonajiH, H pasAajiBCB OAo6pAioii^e Bosrjiacu. 

— JljBLj a Kpjrb HapoAa, — npoj^ojusajix TOJiCTJiirb, ar&inHo no- 
KnoBMChy TO Bi Ty, TO Bi «pyryK) CTopoHy.— SoHewo, KaKi. 
HCTue SBBM^ BH CKaseTO usk: ^epsHTecB ^brtobi; B'b %irB. 
BHpasaercfl 3Ta ^ys6a?.. Boti sto a Bam ceft^aciHo6iacHK>. 
Ho, iipe3KA6 Bcero, onpejsjbmwbj hto Tasoe Apyn Hapoxa? TorE- 
JH, kto, o6/bmfla eiiy pasHUA Burojpiy BrarHBaen ero bi onac- 
HOCT&, BJiH Torb, RTO H86aBJSflen ero orb onacHOCTH? SI xpfBsOy 
TOO nepBaro kosho HasBBTB JnosHinrb ApyroifB, a Bioporo hcthh- 
HHiTB ApyroMi HapoAa. Bi same cicyTHoe apeiifl MHorie npHsyn 
n BaiTb H CKasyTi: mh xptsbji BapoAa. Ho BipbTe bitb cb^ 
ocTopoacHOCTBH). EcTB onacHuo JQOAB. Ohb CyAyn MyTBTB Baif'B 
roJEOBH ^aHTacTB^ecKBMH oCin^aHlflMB, 6yAyTB yaipjiTB, too Bci 

JDOAH paBBH, TOO BCt BVilOTB OABHaKOBBMI BpaBa, TOO SeMJIH 

AOJ[JKBa6uTBo6oiafl...HHeprB8Ha6T%RaRyioepyBAy.He BipBTe bitb, 
810 CKjnsELU, KOTopHe pa8CTaBJiLaK)rb BaiTB saoaAHK), BasiiBae- 
ujjo coitiaJmsMOHB. Obb yBipaiorB, too coi^iajiBBirb — pMBria 6y- 
Xyn^aro, a a, RaKB HCTBHHUft b npaBAHBtift aP7^ aapoAa, CKasy 

BaiTB, TOO COIUaJDISMB A^BHO OTSBJTB. 

Bb TOJini pasAaJiocB aepiimflTejiBHoe niBKaHBe. 

— A, Bu He BipBTo? TaKB fl pascsasy aauB o tobb, ito^ 
BBA!iJrB co6cTBeHHii]fB rjiasaioi. 3HaeTe-jiH bu, — opaTopB bosbu- 

CaJTB rOJUOCB,— HTO 6UJ10 CB C0I][laJIB8IC0ICB BB APOBHeilB BaBB- 

j[OBi? Ohb npoBaJDuicji. SHaere-JiB bu, too cjny^BJuocB cb hbm^ 
BB I^eaiH? Ohb npoBajiBJiai. 3HaeTe-jiiH bh, Kaxaa ynacTB no- 
cnrjia ero bb ApeBneHB FmA? Ohb npppoBaABJicH. 

TpyAHO OHBcaTB dHepriio, cb KaRot opaTopB npoBSHecB no- 
cjiiAHia cjioaa. Crescendo bb ero piu pooio, Bce ycBJiBBaacB^ h, 
HaROHenB, AOJonjio ao TaRoro forte, too BynBHy BcnoMHHJica 
siaROHB, BOBFJianiaion^lt MHorojiiTle. 

npOHSBTeJDLBHUft CBHCTB npOHOCCJI nO TiCHO CHJUO^eHHUlCB pa- 

AaMB 6e8pa6oTHHXB. Tojina 8aB0JiiH0BajD[acB b saBop^ajia. 
Ho «ApyrB HapoAa» ne naarbpeHB Chjtb TepaTB KOMeHTB. 

— Bu, MoxeTB 6uTB, AyMaeTO, too a yTsepacAaio 8to roao<^ 
caoBHO. TaKB a BairB CRaxy, a comz 6htjrh o^eBBAi^eirB Bcero 

BTOrO, CUMZ ^AHaB BB BaBBJTOHB H BB FpOltflO, H BB PbUB, 

ceauMU raasaMH BBAiaB Bci 8tb pasBaaBHH... 

Ohb noMaxaaB bb BOSAyxi ToacTbncH pacTonupeHHUHH naaB- 
naMB H CB rpycTBK) noRanaaB roaoBot, raaAa RyAa-TO bb npo- 
CTpancTBO, RaRB 6yAT0 BnepeAB bba^^ ToaBRO pasBaaBHu. 

— Ho, ubseTB 6uTB, bu bco en^e ne BipBTe mh^? Bb Ta- 
BOM'B caynai, AJ^a ne BipyioiqBXB y nena octb cBBA^TeaB. ^oporia 
X&TB MOB — TpB AOHspB B oAHa naeiiaHHBi^a — conpoBOSA^uiB Mena 
BO Bcix'B MOHXX nyTomecTBiaxB. Maprapara, Jlaala, Posa, j9|a- 
aia, BsoftAHTe cioAa, mob HBaua. 



nOG2%;][H£E CJOBO. 53 

H Bspyrb, oTRyjia hh bsajihcb ^erupe MOJioA6HBKlfl A^BymsH 
«i CB'iTJiux'b njiaTMxi c^ numHuiai pyRaBaBm, HanaicHHaBinHifa 
vpHJKBJi. Owb JierKO BcnopxHyoiH Ha acTpaxy n ciairH noJiyKpyroirb 
soKpyn opaTopa. Bi tojoA saannjioxHpoBajni. AiBymsH 6wim 
lasia xopomeHBioAy mto ff^ftcTBHTejiBHo nanoMHHajiH nempe 

QB^TRa. 

— TenepBy mojeoaha ji8ah, — saroBopHJUi CHOsa opaTopx,— 
sa Baci JnesHTB cBfliaji oCflsaHHOcTB cnasaTB dTHirB coicHiBaio- 
mnfCfl JDOAflMB npaaxy. npexjiojicy BaiTB ips Bonpoca, soropiie 
«ce pimarb. IlepBuft BonpocB. BEiaH-jiH mu bb BasHJioHi? 

Bci HBTBipe itB^TRa rpaoioBHo crjiohhjiih tojiobrh. 

— BlOpOft BOnpOCB. BbULVL MH BB PhU^? 

Obatb yTBepARTenBHut otb^tb co ciopoHH zopomeHBSHrB 

T0JI080KB. 

— TpeTit BonpocB. IIociTHJni-JiH mu Tpenlio? 

UfiiThl HaRJEOHHJIR FOJIOBRH Ha 9T0TB paSB 611^6 HHS6 H (Tb 

nyOoRBirB peBepaHCOicB, hoa'b rpoiude aniuiOAHCMeHTU, yAaJOi- 
jiHCB CBdCTpaAH. PoJiB BXB 6iiJia ROHHena. 

— Jla, — nposojiacajtB ApyrB napoAa, cb caiioxoBOJiBHHirB be- 
gtoKB CRpen^BBa^ na shbot^ TOJicTue najiBnu,— Be8A% hu 6iuai 
HepasjuyHHu h BesA^ Bcipirajiu oaho — ^pasBajmHii coipajniBifa... 

Ohb ocTaHOBHJicH. Tojina ciaHOBEJiacB myuwbe. Bcb o ?eirB- 
TO neperoBapHBajnicB, CesnpecraHHO o6epTUBajmcB. HaiHHajiocb 
TO 6e3noRoftHoe ABHsenie, ROTopoe mosotb hchopthtb yciiirB 
caMaro reniajiBHaro opaTopa bb nipi. 

— ^apjuBSB BpoyHB! ^apjiBSB BpoyffB HAeiB! HAeTBl— Rpaa- 

SyJDB RTO-TO BB TOJini, H BCi OTBOpHyJIHCB OFB dCTpaAU, CB BOB- 

nyTHieJiBHOft HeCjuaroAapHocTBK) saSuB'B o «Apyri HapoAa», ■ 
ycTpeifHJiH Bsopu, nojmue HetepnijniBaro osREAaHiA, bb npon- 
«onojEOSHyio CTopoHy. 

Kb Ha6epesHoft, no OAHoft hsb nonepe^HuzB yjmitB, pasica- 
mHCTot noxoAROt npH6jDHacaJicfl BiicoRift "lejiOBiRB bb ocipoRO- 
He^Hot mjijini cb nmpoRHMH nojiflira. Hsi hoa'b neCpexHo Ha* 
EHHyTaro naJiBTO BHAHiJiacB ROsaHaa RypTRa, no RpaaifB Ronopoi 
M^ctaKH BHciii'B M^xB desHopHAOHHUMH Rjno'iBaMH. BiicoRie ca- 
•iiorH H no AoposHOMy saTRHyiBie sa hhxb nanraJiOHu 6wa. no- 

KpilTU rpflSBH) E HUJTBK). 

nyTemecTBeHHHRB mejuB BnepeAB cb HenpHHysAOHHUMBy ropAfinn 
^HAOMB, He TOJiRafiCB E HO cyoTHCB, HO Bci pascTynajiHCB nepexB 

HEHB. IIOBEAflEOMy, HHOFEEB OHB 6BIJIIB BHaROEB, erOBCTpt^aJOl 

npEB^TCTBeHHUJi BOCRjnn^aHlfl. 

Ohb npomoJOLi memo BynEHa, e BynEHB yBEAairb cobc^itb 
<$j[ESRO, y CBoero njiena, nopasEieJiBHO dneprEHHoe, sarop&noe 
JOLHO, AKunaBmee pimETejiBHocrBH) e MyscecTBOMB. TaREifE By- 
HHHB npoACiaBJiflJiB ce6i repoesi BpdTB Fapia. Ha MrnoBeHle pao- 
cjoiBHaTHfl, uHiidfl BsrjuiAB cjnaBflHEHa BCTpiTEJicH CB OTRpunocb 



54 P7CGK0B BOrATCTBO. 

X CM&lfilM'B BBTJIiiAOMl CHHa npBplB. BjEHHl HO CnjCRaJI'E TJHaSlr 

€ib opHrHHajDBBaro njiemecTBeHHHKa so i^xi nopi^ nona tot^ 
He npaCJUHSBJicfl ROb dCTpafti, no BOTopoft 6iraji'B hsi cropoHu^ 
B'b CTopoHy BpacHHft H copAHTut <ApyrB HapoAa». 

EpoyH'L, TOHHO JseiROEpujiuft MepBypift, bcbohhjtb Ha noj* 
MOCTEH. Pbaom'b cb ero CTpoflHoft^^Hrypo&mapooGpaBHUft cgpyrv 
Hapojia» oKOHHaTejuHo Tepajic^. A^jio ero 6ujiio bi BOHeit'B Hcnop- 
Heno. Biicipo cooGpasHBi bck) neBuroAy CBoero nojiooseHiH, rojLcraxb 
Cb JierROCTBK) nyAOBBRa cocro^hjii> ci dcxpaffj nps o6n^e]rL xo6- 
poAymHOMx mixi looinu h bctos'l. 

Ho CM^xi HrHOBeHHO aaiBXb. Bci SAaom cjioBa Epoyna, ro- 
Topuft ctOBJLi> Ha dCTpaA^, Morynift b cxpoftHuft^ saAyiriBBa 
Tusffi CBOBHB TOJiiyCuHB TJiasaifB Ha TeMHiBmee nope rojiOBtb ne- 

peA'B HBHl. BOT'B OB'S HOAHAJTB BBOpi B'B HOCy, BOTB OHyCTBJI^ 

rojnoBy b saRpHJU'b jdbi^o Jn^Bot pyROio. Ohi mojsbjich. %o-to 
TporaTOJiBHoe nyBCTBOBaJnocB Bynnny B'b 9T0t HOJiBTBi 6oraTupH^ 
cnocoCHaro npHsnaTB cboio cJiaOocTB nepeA'B HoryHHMi fjxowb 
BcejireHHOt. * 

Ho Bon owb oTRpiui'B JiBi^o B BaroBopHJTb, He odpan^aflCB- 
HH Rx ROMy, CB OHyn^eHHUMB rjiasaiai, BecB norpysenHiit rb. 
ce6H. FjiyCoRaa nenajiB SBynajia bi ero rojioci. 

ByHBHi BHHMaTeJDHO BCJKymBBajicJi. CjnoBa, ROTopna npoHs- 
HOCBJE'B Bpoyni, 6ujui eny snaROMU. Okl sHajii, ^to ohb bbhtix 
Hsib CBBH^eHHaro HHcanifl, b OHy 6uso AOcaAHO^ ^to oh!b ne mofb. 

BCnOMHBTB, OTRyAa BMeHHO. 

— Tope, rope Te6% BOJiBRift ropoAi, ropoA^ RptoRit, h6o 
B!b OABHi ^acB upBrnejii cyAi tboAI Tope, rope re&bj BOJoiBRift 
ropofffc, OA^THft B'B BBccoHi H Hop^Bpy, H CarpflHBi^, yRpameH- 
HHft 80JS0T0MI B RaMHHMB AparoA^HHUMB, B seM^yraMH, b6o b^ 
OABHB nacb norB6HerB 6oraTCTBO iBoe! Tope, rope Te6i, ropoAib^ 

BeflBRlfty AP&I'OIVlHHOCTflHB ROTOparO OCoraiBJIBCB BCi, BMiH)n](I& 

Ropa6jiH Ha Hopi: b6o onycxieniB bi oabhi ^aci. H CB^rb csi- 
THJSBHHRa yse ne nojiBHTCfl b^ Te6i, b6o RynitH tbob 6ujib 
sejiBMOSB aenjui b BOJoneCcTBOMi TsoBifB BBeAeHBi B'B 8a6jiys- 
xenie Bci napoAu. Fope, rope jRBByni[Hin> na aeHJiil 

EpoyHi CHOBa saRpujii jihi(o pyRoio, b nponuio ntcROJEBRa 
MTHOBeHifty npexAO hImi ohbtb nocjuBimaJicH ero nojiHut b sBy^- 
HHfl TOMOCh. TenepB oh'b o6paniajiiCH ri napoAy* 

— BpaiBfll BaMiBciMi HSBicxHuaTB npopoqecRifl caiOBaBsi^ 
OTRpoBenlH Cb. loaHHa anocTOJia. Ho noMHBTe jib bu, RaR'B A&^Bme 
OHi OHHCHBaerB CBoe BBA^nie na ocipoBi HaTBOcft? Bon, ^to 
roBopBrb 0Hi>: «n ciaji^b a na necR% MopcROMi b yBHA&TB bh- 
xoASHiaro bbi Mopa m%pz cb ceuhw roJiOBaMB b a^c^xbio po- 
raMB>. H CTpaHHO; HiieHHO TenepB, b'broha^ XIX B^Ra, Tonna 
SBBoe CTOBrb nepoAO hhok) 3to BBA:6Hie. PasBi ne jRBBerB. 
yse BTorB salpB cpeAB Haci»? PasBi ne paapacTaeica offB. 



SOGI«ffHEB CaOBO. 55 

iioao6ho ijjLOBwmELGt rv^Qyl, sazBaTHBafl napoxi n cboh cipam- 
Hiifl cin. Saipb sion — KanHTSJonb. Comb hmiobx ero — ceicb 
xoHonojdft. Borb BnepeAH Bcftxx caxapnaa MOHonojiifl, sa Heft 
BeMejiiBHafl, seAiBHOAoposHaa, He^^Haa, BOAOwaa, cojumaa, Ta- 
(Sa^aa... IIoa^ diairb CTpanmrnrb CpeMenem cniCaeTca axepH- 
saHCBlft Haposi. 

OiHaflHHHft CBHCTb H nmKaHBe nepepBam Bpoyna. Bjehhi 
HcnyraHHO oroiaHyjicfl Ha TOjmy. Ob% 6oHJ[Cfl, ^10611 Bpoyny He 
noxiniajni kohhhtb. 

Ho BpoyHi He noTepaarB npHcyxcTBlfl xyxa. Ohb snajTB, hto 
cbhctkh OTHOCBTca He K'B ero jniHHOCTH, a ki BticRasaHHoft hmi 
mhcjih. Ohi CHOKoftHO nepesAajni, noKa CBHcn speRparHjicfl, h 
npoxoucaon: 

— ApysBa, ji npHmejTb icb aairb HSAaseRa, ob CeperoBi Th- 
xaro OReana, h3% KajuH^opnlH, ROTopaa cmaetca wjumm-b 
AHom AMepBRH. Mhofo Aoporb, MHoro ropoAOB'B k cejTB Jieauuio 
sa MoeM'E nyn, h aesAi a bha^jtb oaho h to se: neAOBOJUBCTBO 
BacToanunfB h crpaxi nepeAi* 6yji;sfinmn>. Pa6oiH nin. ^aSpoRH 
H saBOAK saapEiBaioTca— RaHHTaJTb sasaorb CBofl ayjiaRi. Somjiih 

Bl pyRBXl SaAHHX'B ROHnaHlft, ROTOpUfl BHTarHBaiOn JlflBhVE 

H81 SiAHux'b ceiJiepoBi. MhjloIohh paSoHHZX 6e8i pa6oTU, ro- 
jiOAHHO 6poAflrb HO Bceny ROHTEHeHry, mojih RycRi xjit6a. 
CHJEbHHe HysHHHH, y ROTOpux'b seHu h f^TR yHHpaiorB cb ro- 
jiOAa, Bi naHHHecROiTB CTpaxi 6iryn npocHTB mexoctuhk). Tjiy* 
6oRifl ponoTB HeAOBOjnbCTBa cjonnBTca BCioAy. AxepHRa ja aio? 
Ton jni 9T0 HobhA Cain, na ROTopuft ci HgAO^oft o6paQ(eHU 
BBopu Bcero xipa? Ton jeh dio o6iTOBaHHiift apaft, ayAa CTpe- 
KaTca nepeceoieHipi rbo acixi crpaHi? 

Kaaoft-To CAepsaHHiift lyjn nponecca no losnrbj nponecca 

H SaTHXB. 

— Ho UTO ace A^an? — noconiniajica CHoaa rojioci Bpoyna. — 
EaRTb HafiTH TpoHHHRy, ROTopaa BHBOJia 61Z Haci Hn aioro cipam- 
Haro Mpaaa h sanycrlHia? Bpana! a oCpan^aiocB onan rb caa- 
H^eHHOMy nHcaHiio; a He snaio HcioHHHRa 6ojrito HHcraro h ray* 
6oRaro. Bci HcraHHua npopoHecraa HcnojiHaH>Tca. UpapoAa ho- 
aoB^aa, xoab aRHSHH acero nejiOBft^ecTBa acau tOMy, rto choco* 
6effB na cosepi^aHie, HpoBHA^Hie. Eoi^a^ XpHcrocB roaopajn 
tiQipcTBiH Boxlem na seiiaii, ohb, oneaHAHO, noApasyifiaajTB 
Taaoe cocToaale o6n^ecTBa, ROTOi>oe 6yAen ocHoaaao na JiH)6BHy 
Taaoe CaaroA^iejiiBHoe npaBHiejiBCTBo, ROTopoe 6yAen 8a6oTHTBca 
fiiari BcixB H aasASin). Ca. anocToa^b loaHHi Toace roaopHn 
cHOBom He6i h Hoaoft 8ei[ai». Ohi BHAHn bi CyAyn^eifB 
BOBMoacHOcn A^ aK)Aeft notfopoTB crapue npeApaacyARH h 

JRHn HOBOiO 2RR8HBK). Ho TaKB RaR% 910 B08H0SHO TOJIBRO HO- 

cpeACTBom saROHOAaTeaBCTBa, to 8Ton nepeaopon a<mksoh% co- 
BepmHTBca 6e8B RpoaonpojmTiai Raax npeACRa8aH0 — mhphhmh 



56 P7GCK0B BOTATGTBO. 

cpescTBaME. EpaTKfl! TaKHMH mbtphhich cpeACTBaicH 6yAeirB h hs 
A^flcTBOBaTB. Hin, H6 norn6jia eii^e AiiepHEal En^e bck)A7 ^'^ 
jiioah! si npHHOcb Bam oipayiHyK) b'^ctb: o^HOBpeMeHHO vb Hi- 
CBOJiBRHxi M^CTHOcrarB GoeAHH6HHim miaTOBi saposHJiacb 
MucjiB opraHHsoBaTB Bsi 6e8pa6oTHKix'B HHpnyio ApMiEo 06ii^aF0 
Bjiara. B'b GaH%-$paHi^icRO; JIoci-AHsanocB, bi GaKpaveHTO h 
OperoHi^ yse coSHpaioTCfl CeapaCoTHue. FimeHo TpoHyiBca hsi 
pasHux'B vlcTb He6oJiBniHUH orpsgfiMSL H co6paTBCfl noKb Ba- 
nmflrroHOM'B. TairB mu nojsfi^VLWb mrajsiso, b'b Roropoft 6yxeirB 
TpeCoBBTB OTB auepHBaHCRaro npaaiiTejiBCTBa ycTpoftcTBa o6iii6« 
CTBeHHurB pa6o!rB, rjnaBHuirB oCpasoiTB, npoBeAOHl^ hobuzi ao- 
porB no BceMy MBTepHRy, qio A&crB 8apa6oTORi orpoMHOMy 
"mcjiy JDOAeft. £to hsi aaci nojuepsHn naci? Kto npHcpexv- 
HHTCJi Kh ApMiH 06ii^aro B^ara? By^eirB MOJniTBCfl, 6yA6irB Bi- 

PHTB, TTO ABBSenle 8T0 KONHTCH U06iffli X06pa BaiVB SJIOMl. 

BpaTEa! ^a noMOsen nairB Borb! Mu HjeirB Ha BanmHrTOffb! 
JI^HRlft KpHRi BocTopra noTpflci TOJiny. BpoyHi noiiajii vh 

XIX. 

3mfHle irlcflt(ii nponuiH n npflroroBJieHiflZ'B B'B noxoxy. 
^HRarcKid oxp^Ai* AOiVKewb 6iiR'h ABBHyrBca bi nyTB B^Bsa^ajri 

BeCHH. 

ByHHHa CHJIBHO MyHHJrB BOnpOCBy HATH HJIH H6 RATH? ?yB- 

CTBO TflHyjQLO ero BnepeAi** dHxysiaBMi BOjmoBaBmeftcfl Bospyn 
Hero TOJUHBi daxBaniBajn ero, nenoABHSHUft pasyjTB TBOpAHjrB, hso 
BCfl 8Ta cxeica noxoAa Ha BanmnrroHi caka no ceCi nejiinocTB. 
KorAa Ao6HBajrHCB Hero-EH6yAB xoaori? H BCOTaKHOHi nyacTBO- 

BaJTB, HTO He HOSeXl npOTHBRTBCfl dTOt HeHpeOAOJlHMOft CTHXift- 

HOt cHJii. Ona Hecjia ero BnepeAi», homhmo ero bojih, h ohx, ho 
CMOTpfl Ha TOHHBmee ero bi rjiySHHi AyniH coMH^Hle, ch CTpaH- 
matbf asryHHH'B nacjiasAeHieirB OTAaaajTB ce6fl bo BJiacTB bthsb 
Moryuxi} npH^yAiiHBiixi bojihb. 

Gi jDiHxopaAOHHinrB BOJUHenleiTB ciAwiiJin 6e8pa6oTHHe bi ^r- 
Raro sa ABRHyBmHiiHCH hb'b pasnurB jActl OTpHjifixa ApHlR 06- 
n^aro Bjiara. Hxx HacHHTBiBajnR yse ao ABaAiiaTH. Gaime uho- 
roqHCJueHHue OTp^AH Quiii cn> CeperoBi TRxaro OfieaHa. 

IlMeHHO 8TH, caime OTAaoieHHHe oti BamRnrroHa nynRTU — 
GaHi*$paHi(HCRO, JIocB-AHxeJiocB, OperoHi, MonraHa, kojol 
FJnaBHuft ROHTHHreHTB poRpyioBi Pa6oHeft ApuiH. Thch^ir hhjdib 
Hxi He nyrajuH. 

Bci ycnixH r neyAanH arnxx CBoeo6pa8Huzi €xoaor6bi» 
OTpasaJiHCB Ha HacTpoeniR ^Raro, BceauiH to 6oapoctb, to 
ynuHie. 

HaROHeiTB, bi iiapTi r81» ^Raro Tponyjucfl OTpjiA^ bi th- 



r 



n0CJl«AHE£ GIOBO. 57 



cjny ^exoBiKL. On ^xaro ao MacHJiBOHay rffi nojioseHO 6iueo 
co6paTBai si Ilaczi BciM'b rpynnairB, npeACTOfljso He xenie 2-x'b 
iciaateB'b nyiH. 

CrpaHHuft BHA'B npeAcraajifljai 8th cxHpHue bohhk>1 Bifjio 
oj^mey BCTOMJieHHue, 6jiiAH£i6, marajot ohh noffb passiBaBiiiH- 
KHca necTpuim sHaMeHaiai. Illjni saMiHaieJiuio xpyseo; bo hs- 
6iaKaHie 6e8nopiiAKOB'B a ccopi, bhho, no oCmfiiMj corooune- 
HuOy 6iiJiio sanpen^eHO. B'b ropojiiarB ajui npHsjie^eHla napoxa 
ycrpaBBamcB rpoicaAHue KHTHHrH. ^jlb coBpan^eala nyn HHorAa 
saxBamBajiH i(6juie ^oi8xa, ^toCu npoixaiB xotb naciB Aopoiv 
Ba CHen seji^teHOAopoaBHHxi ROMnaHit. SaxBaniBajiH nolaxB 
oShkhobohho Ha craHOElH, ccaAHBi ch Hero M amm uiCTa h so^e- 
rapa, h sairiftHHB'B hxb cbohmh juidamih. Cjiy^ajnocBy hto to- 
BapHHft HoisAB, saxBa^eHHuft tojihoh) bb 100, 200 nejiOBtob, 
Bonpera BCflKHirB pocnHcamHirB neceTca na boctokb, a bcjAab 
sa HHiTb, na F&BOTopoMi pascTOiiHiH, jjienin Apyroft, HanojmeH- 

HHft BOOpyXeHHilHH JOOABMH. 

oKes^HOAoposHua KOMnaHlfl BcanecKH HBon^pajniCB, hto6ii 
CTaBBiB nperpaAu BnepoAH, na Aopori. HnorAa CHHuajiH peoiBcu 
na npoTflsemH h^ckojibkhx'b abcatkobb ^jtobi^, hjdi hphbhhhh- 
BajiR jmniHift peoiBCB noneperB Aoponi. He pasB PaCoHaa Apidii, 
pacnojrosHBmHCB bb saxBaHeHHOiiB noisA:^, Bcrpt^ajia Ha Aopori 
GappBRaAy BB BHA% CTOABmaro noneperB Aoponi JnoKOMOTHBa. 
Ho HH^o He Morjio hxb ociaBOBHTB. Pa6otie 6iuin cbob, ohh 
CHBMaJifl penca, no rotopbotb tojibbo hto ixasn, h ycTpaHBajoi 

B8B HHZB HMnpOBBBHpOBaHHUt 06'Bi8A'B BORpyrb 6appHKaAH. 

BespaSoTHue octphjih, hto ohh noisAa ne BpaAyiB, a tojibbo 
6epyTb na noAepsanie. — <y nacB na cob^cth h^tb hh oahofo 
KypHHaro nepumBa>,— xBacTajiHCB ohh. 

n, A'^^flCTBHTejiBHOy HO BopoBajDOi. ^a H HysA^i He 6UJI0. Bb 
ropoAaxB HapoA:B ToamaMH aajujii hitb naBCTpi^y. IIphhocbjih 
cyxapeft, BeTHHHH, nnporoBB. BuBajiH cJiywH, hto nojooflH pas- 
roHHJia napoAB, ho BCK)Ay apidio o6opBaHiteBB BCTpinajiH cb jdo- 

6onUTCTB0HB H COHyBCTBiOlTB, BB H^BOTOpiiXB iri^mXB ffiSEe CB 

aHTysiasHOMB. 

FaseTH CB saAHocTBio cjh^abjih sa dTHHB CTpaHHHHBy Topse- 
CTBeHHBQiB mecTBieMB. 3a Ktanwnwh otpjiaohb, BaBB xbh^huh 
HTHiQi, HecjDiCB penopTepu. Bch AnepKBa cb nanpaxeHieHB 
jRfifiM ^ero-TO... 

mnpoBHiTB noTOBOMB pasjoiBajiocB ABHsenle 6e8pa6oTHiixB 
no CoeAHHeHHUUB IIlTaTairB. IIoaoGho Mory^eft p^Bi oho npHHH- 
Majio BB ce6fl HajieHBBie npHTOBH h pocjio cb nopasBrejaHoft 

i^HCTpOTOt. 

no cjnyxairB bch apula AoxoAHJia yse ao 20 thchto. 9th 
cjiyxH noAAepacBBaJiH Bcoo6n(yio 6oapoctb, a en nyacHO 6iuto ne 
Majio. 



58 P7CCE0B BOrATCTBO. 

BecHa Haciynajia m6ajii6hho. CosBUfi cb^tejeo p^ako. On zor 
jiOAa H cupocTH MHOiie tojrbjoi. HiROTopHe nanajiH orcTaBaiB, sra 
no 6ojA^eMj rto on yiouMBlii. nona 8Toft noTepi JiiOAeft ho 
npHAaBaoH GoJiLmoro sHaneHifl — BnepoAH en^e ociaBajiacB naneagia 
nonoJiHETB onycTiBmie pfl^H. 

Ho BOTb CTajra pacnpocipaHflTBCfl nJioxLi b^th. Oahhi ot- 
pa^b Bi HHAiaHi pasornajia nojraitiH, nycRaa b'b a^jio wuKa 
KHyn. .flipyroft orp^AB, bi Operoni, nuiajicfl saxBaTETB noisAB, 
HO lose nonajii bb pyRii noJUHi^iH. Bd 6ujih apecTOBami h no^ 
caseHu vb TK)pBMy. fix Orafio, TaRse 6jiaroAapfl HeyAa^ npn 
saxBart noftsAa, i^ony OTp^Ay npmmiocB CAaTBCJi. ^mfi oahh'e 
OTpflA'B pacnajicfl HSi-sa BHyTpeHHOft neypHAHipi. 

^HRanpi npiyHUJiH. 

Ho, RorAa hoab MacHJiBOHoirB, Tjxjb aojushu 6wlk Bcrpi- 
THTBCfl BC& oTpjiAu 8& H&^ROJiBRo AHoft AO HacxH, nepecuTajuff 
HapoA'B, iipH6uBmlft hsi pasHHXB m^ctb, h ORasajEOCB Ha-JiEita 
HeMHorsMi 6ojaie 100 ^asoB^Ri, bc% 6ujm nopaxeHU. IIpaBAa, 
MHoro napoAa oiciajio npn nepexoA^ nepes^B ropu bi CTpanmyio 
CH^HyK)6ypiD; npaBAa, hto h%crojiebro otp^aob'b en^e ho npHiiiJio, 
HO BceraRH TaRoro pesyjtBTaia hhsto ho osHAasi. Bci okohto-^ 
TOJIBHO najQi AyxoHi. 

EoApocTB He ociaBJiflJiia hh na MSHyry tojibko oahofo hojio-- 
BiRa. ^apjFBn-BpoyFB ch Hanaja r ao ROHi^a nozoAa (hutb Ay- 
moio PaCoHot ApMiH, xoth rjiaBpiMB bosaoitb ea CHHTajicji 
EoRCHy jsoBRift h npaRTH^Hiift noJiHTH^ecRift ji^reja. BpoyHi 
yB^pajii BcixB, ^To AiJLO He vh imorowcJiieHHOCTH apiilB. B^b^ 
OHH He BoeBaxB HAyn. Ohh — MHpHue rpasRAane, ROiopue aojurhu 
cuoipi^TB Ha cetfjBf, JOLivb Ha npeACTaBHiejieft Bcixi CespaSoTHurB 
Bi AiiepHRi, RaR'B Ha xoAaiaeBi sa hhxb. Hitb nejiBsa naAaTB 
AyxoiTB, a nysHO 6oApo hath BnepeAB. Gaoeft nenoROJieCHMot 
Bipoft Bpoyni HeorpasHMO A^ftCTBOBajn na ORpysaionQiXB. Cjnona 
H A^jno EpoyHa 6fiuni HepasAi&iBHH, i bi dioiTB saRJoonajiacK 
ero CHJQLa. 

HaRonei^By b'b nepBuft a^hb Hacxn, yrpoicB, rofae bb Boa- 
Ayxi cTOflJL'B en^e bbohb nacxajiBHuxB roj[Orojiobi», HOHHoroiHC- 
jieHHafl, HO TopsecTBeHHaji npoiteccin Bunma h8b MacHJiBOHa. 

BnepeAH nerp-B necx orpoMHoe anepHRaHCRoe snaicH. 3a hhitb 
Ha cipot JnomaAH ixajrB BpoyffB bb CBoeft 6yftBOJiiOBoft RypTR^, 
yBimaHHofi ^aHTacTH^ecRHHH opAenaHH, FojiOBy ero noRpuaajia 
Cijuaa mjiHna— coiiCpepo, a Ha met ^ah&iocb AHiapHoe ose- 
peue— TajDEflCMaHB, na^Tut na nero seHoft. JlflUhmQ cji^AOBajTB 
Tpy6aTB OjiHBepB, acTpoJiorB hsi IlHTc6ypra, nposBaHHuft D^hrjio- 

HOMX, H 7 MySURaHTOB'B. 

HosaAH HHXi ixaai b'b saSplojneTi caiiB Korch, o^HniajiB- 
Huft B02RAB PaCoqet Apidn, 6jiH8opyRift nejuoBiRB bb OHKaxi, & 
sa HHMi Bi ROJiHCRi— ero sena. 



r 



nocnAHKE cioBO. 59 

Ilepen HeConaHA rpynnot Cespafionnin serpnb Hen araxa 
JLpidK 06iitaro Bjnra ch HsoCpaxemeicb jnn CnacteM h h«k- 
smcud: «CiiepTE ]ipoAeHnnf» Mipnue bomhh HHxycrpiauHoi 
iq^Hii, He CHOTpfl Ha €boh jioxMona, mar&u oAmo h cb xo- 

CXQHHClBOirL. Hft ^Ht HTb TeiCHilXl OXSMXh peJEKC^HO BHXt- 

suacb BeuHecTBeHHafl ^ht; pa HfwUita ci» xuhhhih TOpmim 
Boxocaiai h pisKnni HeptaiiH jouqi. Offb 6im oxin n noji- 
BoA BoeHHOl ^piii — Kb oxiflJii, lyro otfepHyioirL eospyn r&jia, 
B% MoraccHHaxb Ha Horarb ■ a lonopoirb sa meroncionrb no- 
mcoiThj BHHiHTiiifi Sbjoorb 6BCGpowh. Ha rMoei ero Kanncb 
jtnHHiia nep&fl. Pflxoin cb HBj^Ubien, cnpareibHo maraa cb 
HMn Kb H017, mejTb Bjhhhi. Ha ero nepsHoirb, nozyxiiunem 
sa Bpau Hoxoxa juqi saifiTHO 6iuo saKoe-io hoboo HanpaKeH- 
w>e Bnpaseme ne to ycnxocTH, ne to H^oyiiiHiJi. 

Ho oGiurb ciopoHaKb npoi^ecciH Toponnjucb, (kuicb OTCTaTb, 
penopiepH pasHHzi raserb. Hxi HacHBTUBaiH ao 50 nejiOBftirB. 
Hxi xopoxHHft KOCTDiTb — KopoTsie HHxsaKH, cyMU Hopesx 
nioHO, MaieHiKle Kapryw — h niiTJiHBua, GoiidH ^HsiOHOMui 
pfeKO oTJoraajn hxi orb 6e8pa6oiHiirb. 

Macca JuodonuTrnm Hirb ropojua h cocixHin cexenit OKpy- 
jouia npoiiecciio h npoBOJuua ee xo rixb nop^b, hokb ho ho- 
meJTb nomjff^ h ho paaornairb nn. 

tOio 6poxfln», Kueb nacMinuHBO ORpecnron vh MacHXbOHi 
xpomeHHyH) Pa6oHyio ApHiio, noiynnxH CHnnoe noxspinJieBle 
Kb 500 HenoBiicb wb ToucTexi, Ha ciaxejiHTetHoirb sasoxi shih 
M6BHTaro ^Hjanrpona EapHen. Bi xpyrnxb ropoxan no xo- 
port vb BamHHTTOH'b etb Taicxe Bcrptqara conyacTBeHHO h xa- 
piBjni HMi CBOH SHaMOHa B'b snaKi Toro, "no npHsnanrb rnxb 

CBOHMH HpeXCTaBHTeJIAMH. 

JlficnrBjvh KBHajia Orafto, KOKcenm naBfljiH sa 6e8ii$H0Ri 
XPA rpoiiaxHiiiH 6apu, Ha ROTopuxi nponJiujiH 90 muL vh 2 xhh, 
a taiTb OHATb noauH niniRom. 

Korxa ApMifl OCn^aro Bjiara npHQjnsRJiach irb BarnHHiroHy, 
jri^TO yse HacrynBJio. Jifi cTOSHipi xonuio orojuo 500 HejioB^icb. 

S^ich Hxi oxHxami paxocTHiu BicTH — npH&nisajiicb xpy- 
lie orpjaxu, nacTbH) ne nocniBmie bi MacHJiBOHi, qacTbio bhobb 
oCpasoBaBmiecfl. OrbPa6oHeftOexepaaiH nPHi^apet Tpyxa nojuy- 
iKiacB Hopjixo^Hafl cyMMa js^hr noxAepsRH jd^a. 

OrpiiXB KoKCH H Bpoyna, npHdmniift nepBuir^, pacRHHyjscH 
jukrepeMi hoxb BamHHTTOHoirb vb orpoMHOirb ByxJiefl HapKi, 
BiaxfaJieA'B KOToparo OTxairb ero bi pacnopflseHle Pa6oHeft ApMlH 
Ha HeorpaHHHeHHoe BpeicH. 

Horoxa nacTynnjia ACHaa h TenJiafl. HMnpoBHSHpoBaHHue 
ipecTOHOcitu cb Hacjiazx6HleHi» OTxuxau otb x^HHHaro nyTH, 
noxsHxaa TOBapantefl, vb caMoirb paxyao^om HacTpoenlH. HapicB 
6iurB HyxecHHft; 6tj[ua naxaTRH rorcbhtob'b oRHBonHCHO pacRH- 



60 pyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

HyjiHCb BORpyn sejceHaro Jtyra uoxh paBBicHCTHicH jifiipmham^ 
Ha najraTRaTB, yKpameHHUxi seJieHBK) h iiBiTaics, KpacosajiHCB 
aMepHRaHCide ^Jiara. 

BcK)A7 pasBteajiHCb BHaxeHa gi HaAnHCBio: «Ha zemjiiiacpb 
H wb viejLovbvbji'b 6jiaroBOJieH{e. GMepiB iipoiieHTaM'b!» 

SEmsM ch dTOt se HaAnscBH) yspaniajni rpyjB sasxaro re- 
Hepaoia, Mapmajia hjih cepsaHia. 

Ha orpoHHoiTb Jtyry ycipaHBajiHCB BasA^ft se^epi Hrpsc h 
rBiraacTB^ecKia ynpascHOHiH. RaRoe-To sItcboo, iiCHoe nacTpoeHle 

OXBaTHJUO BCix-B. 

Ho BocKpeceHBjiirB BpoyFB HBn'ajrb cboh nponoB^AK, b'b ro- 
TopurB CTpaHHO nepeMimHBajniCB npoponecTBa h nojoomiRa, leo- 
jiorifl H ^HHaHCK. HaAi roJioBOft ero pasB'lBajiocB sHaica cb 
HaAHHCBio: «I]|apcTBie Boade na seKjri npH6jnuRaeTCflI» IlHorxa 
OETB pasBHBaJi'B CBOK) jiK)6HMyio TeopiK) eesnpoi^eHTHUX'B 6yMax- 
Euxi AeHen, SHorxa rosopHJi^ o npmnecTBlH AHTHxpHcia h 
rpoMHJTB BanmHrroHCRHXi saROHaAaTeJieft. Pasa ABa nyfijuraeo ne- 
peHHTHBajiacB nerEi^ifi Kb aMepnRaHCROuy npaBHreJiBCTBy, bb ro- 
Topoft Tpe6oBajiocB ycTpoftCTso oSn^ecTBeHHuxi pa6orB h ynHTro- 
jKBHie npoi^eHTHHXB rocyAapcTB6HHiixi 6yifarB. HjujoocTpaivH, 
ROTopUMH 6iijra yRpameHa nexHi^ui, npnaoAHJiH hdbTb bi Bociopn, 

eCJIH He XyA02ECeCTBeHH0CTBK); TO lliTROCTBK) B ocTpoyMleiTB. Ha 

AByxi RapTHHRaxi Cujio npeAcraBJieHO Hacrofln^ee h 6yAyntee 
AMepHRH. Ha nepBoft RapTidri^ RaRie-io cpanraue rojoie cRejiem, 

BHTilHyB'B ROCTJTHBUfl pyRH Ha ROJI^HflXl UOJlHTb pa6ort. 

^eHH^EHii jnovaiorb pyRB, bi OTHaaHlH, a^^th njnanyTB. ^oponi 
yacacHH^, eRHnasH jnoMaiOTca, c^aorh suBajsHBaioTCH*.. RpacH- 
BaH MOJioAaH A^ByniRa, HsoCpasaion^afl napoAHyio napTiio, ysa- 
BUBaer'B eAHHCTBeHHuft hcxoa'b hsi BToro yxacHaro nojiosenla: 
paBHUfl npaBa Bciirb n AOJioft npHBHJieriB! 

Ha BTopoft RajpTHErib H8o6pax:eHii <po80Biie pe8ysBTaTBi» BBe- 
Aemji o6n^ecTBeHHHX'B pa6orB h HSHiHeHia AOHesHot cHCTeioi: 
TOJinii paCoHHX'B cb Heo6uRHOBeHHinrb yBJueneHieiirB moctatb ao- 
pore. Ohh yjiu6aK)TCfl, ohh paAU hto AopsajniCB ao paCora. 
CeHeftHoe cnacTBe bhobb boshosho. ^iA'B nsiEbHwrb sAopoBaro 
BHyRa, HaTB paAa, hto ecTB bsi Hero BapETB o6iKb. X^^fons 
laRx npeRpacHBi, hto ciapHRH MOJiOA^ion npa BsrjrjiAi Ha kexby 
B Aase JnomaAB yjni6aeTCJi. 

3tb RapjBHRH ysacHo npaBHJiBCB Bynnny — bi hhtb 6ujio 

CTOJIBRO pe6flHeCR0ft, EaHBHOS BifH B AynieBHOfi HECTOTU. BOTB 

BaiTB B npaRTBRB-anepBRaHi^fiil ^asAyn moctbtb yjraiiiil IIo- 
jiosBBTB, owb can's ejofi HeAaBHO yBJiORaJiCH raRot se rpy6oft par 
6oToft. Ho jfflA Hero ona HHijia Apyroft cmucjtb — 8to Chjtb is^ 

JIUft HpaBCTBeHHKft HepeBOpOTB. EliyBB'B rOJEOBy He npBXOABJIO 

CTaBBTB ee BAeaoioH'B sbshb. A ryvb aMepBRancRie paConle, ro- 
Topuxi MHorie CHBiaioT'B no pasBBTiio BHme eBponeftcRBX'B, ne- 



mr^ 



noca^AHSE ciobo. 61 



lorOy HT06U AOCTaBETb ce6i H TOBapsn^aMi caMyK) TflseJiyio, caifyx) 
HefijkroAapHyK) pa6oTy, h bhaati bi dioirb nyiB He HAeajn> CHacx&fl. 
Rarb TO pasx oai nonpoSoBani BucKasaib CBOt Bsrjui;^ Bpoysy. 
Ton nocMoipijrb sa Hero cb yAHBJieHieM'b h CKasajrb: 

— OiToro-TO eBponetCKie paConie a ne ycniBaiorby hto cxa- 
BflTb ce6i cjsHmROirb OT^aJieHHUfl ujbsE. Mh CBeirb bi» CjmaKaft- 

ByHHH^b BHAiJTB, HTO BpoyHi ero ne hohajte, ho He craji-B 
a HHMi caopHTB. EHy He zorijiocB HapymaxB CBoeft KpHTHRoft 
o6n\ee 6jKaseHHoe cocToanie. Baponem, na pascysAeniH y Hero 
1 BpeMOHH 6uJio HeiiHoro. Ob% Bzsjub Ha ce6fl o6ji8aHHocTB rias- 
Hiro noBapa, araKi Kasi anneTnrti y^cixinocjii AoporH6ujui 
dacHOCJiOBHiie, to ohx eftsa nocnfoaJi'B yopasjiHTBCfl. 

Pifia, nporeRaBmafl ^epesB napRi, KHmiJia pH6ot. FjiaBHuft 
Hapmajii ^apjiBs^b Bpoynib AOCTajTB nesoAi*, h TOT^acrb se HanumcB 
pu6ojiOBHy KOTopue nocTasjifljai pu6y b^b hsoChjiui. 

IIOiTB X^peBBJUiH, rgb CTOAJIB ABi $ypH ex HMyn^eCTBOlfB 

Pa6o^6ft ApMiH, pacRiiiutuBaJicA ROCTepi cb noAB^meHHUM'B na 
XByrB poraTHHasB eotjiomi, BOKpyn ROToparo xsoDorajTB 6y- 
HiHi, CTapaflCB npHMiHHTB CB TOJiROMi Roe-RaRifl HOSHaHla, npi- 
o6piTefiH&i^ BiTB y KapHayxoBa. Ohi Hir&jrB jifiyrb AoCpoBOJiB- 
qeBB-noMon^HHROBi bi JLnni acxpojiora QjiiRjiOHa h nerpa iI,soHBH. 
IlepBuft BAaBajicfl nepes^ypi bi leopeTHHecRiJi pascyacAenlH 
KymnapHOHi HCRyccxBi n npHHOCHJui Maso hojibsh; Asotb, yrore- 
poAi, ^b6pbh:b, CiJiROBHHHoe Ben^ecTBO -6iuni hoctoahho y nero 
Ha ycTaxB, h ero hphboahjio bi* yxaci, RaRoe HeaoMipnoe rojih* 
HecTBO 4>oc$opa norjuo^aerB Pa6o^aH Apuifl, 6jiaroAapH hcrjqo- 

HHTeJIBHO pil6H0t HHn^i. A HORa OHB A&naJDL'B CBOH BU^HCJieHifl^ 

psi6a npHTopajia hjih pasBapHBajiacB, cyni yxoAHJii> hjih Rocxepi* 
noiyxaji'B. Bxopoft noMon^HHRi BynBHa, nerpi X^oeee, iiajieHB- 
Kli, 6oflRift RpiminrBy jiyRaso norjiaAUBaBmlfi cbohmh 6jiecTJi- 
HQnoE iJnaaaHH, 6ujii> He8aj[iHHMi>, 6jiiaroAapH CBoeicy npoBopcTBy. 
Bci nopy^enlH ohi hchojihhjib cb 6ucTpoTOH) MOJmiHi HHorAa, 
Wa coRpa^enlfl nyTH, RaiacB Ry6ape]n» ch oahofo ROHi^a Jiyra 
Ha Apyroft. 

Ho AHfl Hepesi TpH no€Ji% npH6£iTLfl Pa6o^eft ApMlH bi Ba- 
nmHTTOHB, nerpa ^sohhh y ByHHna neosHAaHHO OTHHjni. Oh^ 

OKasaiCH OTJIH^HUITB I^HpfOJaHHROlTB^ a I^BpiOJIBHHRB BApyPB HO 

< UOSHO HOHaAOOHJICH BC^Ml, CyRBaJlBHO BC^:B. JUJSOHHH OTRpujlB 

<60K>JiaBOHRy6jiH8B ^ypajRHoft lejiirH, nojiosHBi»ABa-TpH'iyp6aHa 
1 i^TO CTyjuBOBi BOEpjrb TOJicxaro hh^, na ROiopoMB ohb pasjio- 

aurb BCiCBORHHCTpyiieHTU— 6pHTBy, HOJRHHItM, rpe6eHRy, MHJIO 

H secTaHRy cb BOAOft. IIo irfajuHici HacaMi ohi mujihji'b, cro6- 
• HJi'B; CTpsTB... ILoji.'b ero JiOBROft pyKOft sanyn^eHHBiH, o6po€mLa 

< 'H8l0H0MiH 6p0AHrB npeoCpaSBJlHCB BI HaCTOflH^lH ASeHTJIBlCeH- 



62 PyCCKOE BOPATCTBO. 

CRia JUHj^a. HepiABO noAT> Rycioirb, jKpsBinHCB on HecspoMHUXb^ 

BdrJUiAOBl, HOBOflCneHeHHHft Aa&eHTJIBM6Hl> Ch OrpOMHOft HTJlOft Vh 

pysaxi TiiiaT6JiBH0 BcnpaBJUHJn norpimHOCTH CBoero Tyajnera. Bdk 
cb KaKHifB-To asapioifB npHBOAHJiH ce6fl bi nopiiAOB'b— npopisi 
BaniHBajiHCB, gapu Ha canoran saueHBaJDiCB, naHranoHH sax- 
CTaBJuumcB... Ha AepesBflxi pasB^BajiHCB tojibko hto Bmomate 
npeAMeTH caMsxi pasHoodpasHux'b ^acoHOBi. 

— ^To laKoe cjiyHnjiocB ch HanuiMH MOJiosi^aicH, — cnpanniBajn 
acrpoJEora IIJHUOHa BjHiiBnb, CHHHaa ci ero noMon^BH) rpoMax- 
HBit KOTeJii csBniBmaro cyna ci Kocipa. — JiflXB o6%a&tb cxajm 
onasAUBaiB. 

I],hbj[oh'b paspasHJicfl Me^HCTO^eJiBCKHirB cirlxoirB. 

— H11QIT6 seHn^HHy, Moft APyn, Bn^Hie seHniHHy! £orxa Kjxr 
HHHa HaHHHaeTB lepfliB HanoBlHecidft o6pa8% h oCpanqaeiCfl b^ 
napHRMaxepcByiD Ryuy— Hn^iie seHn^HHy. 

— jl,a rAi-s'BaceHnmHa?— CB yABBJienieirB cnpocHjn ByHHHi.— 
y HacB H «ceHiiyiHi» to nirb^ Kponi k-ci> Eorch. 

— CBaTaanpocTOTa! M-ci EorchI — I]|rrjioh*b onflTBnoRarHjrca 
CO CMixy. — Hin, x^o C0Bc6irb h6 b'b m-ci Korch. IIoAxoAKn 
OTpjBfA'B renepajia Eojkjih, a Cb hbm^ ab^ MOJioAUfl A:bByinRH le- 

pOHHH, ROTOpUH B8AJIH B'B ^OTORBa HoisAl. nOJDIIUfl XOT^Jia HX» 

apecTOBaTB, ho oni 6toajiH h DpHcoeARHRjoicB ri OTpflAy Rojixh. 
Hy, noHBicaeTe jlhl lenepB, CesTOJiROBBit bu ^oJiOBiRi? 

OnpajHb Rejurv osHAaJica na Apyrot a^hb. Orp^XB Korck 

rOTOBBJICH BCTpiTHTB OFO TOpseCTBOHHOy CO SHaHeHaMH, MySHROft 

H niHieM'B. M'i^AHUii Tpy6u ciajiH, RaRi cojT&i^e, h rpeif&iH, RaR'B 
rpoMi, a irbBBfii cTapaTOJiBHO HOJa:ocRajni ropja:o cojieHoft boaoI, 

HT06h npOHHCTHTB TOJIOCl* 

DlOA'B SByRH XOpOBOft H^teHB: «MiI HAeiTB Ha BainHHrTOH!B», 

coHBHOHHoft uapmajTouB BpoyHoiTB, oipflA'B EejiJiB Bomeorb bs 
Byxset IlapR^b. EoRceHTu oxHAajia bxi, buctpobboibcb y Bxoxft- 
JiBKa Bx-B BupasaJiB caicoe Herepn^iBBoe juoOohutctbo. BHBica- 
Hie TOTqaa se coq)eAOTOHHJiocB na Asyxi A'i^BymRarB, Roropuji 
DUB BnepeAB, ORpyseHHiiJi, icaRi Bipnoft oxpaHoft, cbohbh hobumh 
TOBapBH^aiai. MoJiOAiu A^BB^ecRia JiBna RasajracB ocoSohho h%h- 

HUMB B BSflHVmMB p^AOlTB Cb rpflSHIOMB, rpy6BDCH ^BTypaiiB 

RejumcTOBi. Oahb bbb A&BynieRi 6£U[a BucoRaB b CTpoftHaa, 
ApyraB, 6%xoRypafl, cb npejiecTHUHi itBirox'b junia, cMOTpijia 
en^e cobcIicb pe6eHR0]rB. Cbo6oahbib cyROHHHB njiaiBfl x naJieHB- 
Rie Rapiyau na mnnHiirB BOJiocaxi npBAaBajoi bitb bbxi^ KaxB^ 

HBKOKb. 

Ha Jiyry bxb ORpysBJiB ^BcieHBRie, n^eroJueBaTEie rorcohtu 
B CTaiB npocBTB A^BymeRBpascRasaTBy RaRi oh% bbbjib nois^B. 
A^BymRB cricHBJiBCB, RpacH&ai} b hb OAsa ne pimaJiacB HanaiB. 
HaROHOiTb MeHBHiafl, 6ijiiORypafl CRasaJna: 

— 3to 6ujio TaRB npocTO, hto ne^ero b pascRasuBaxB. Bee 



nOGI^AHBE ClOBO. 63 

^kIjuuiocb uRi-TO caico C06010. Mu ycjoixauoi, hto bi Jiarepi 
resepau Kejum, (Sjehsb ^oroRBa, MHoro Gojibhhxi. Han CTajio 
BXb sau, K MS OTnpaBHJiHCB vh jtarepB. Ho nouon mi He 

MOTJEH, 60JD[BHHXb HySHO 6hJI0 0TB68TH B'b 60JD[BHHI^. Mil CTpamHO 
BOIHOBaUCB H fi6 SHaJIH, HTO fflUTB. Ho nOTOlTB MU COSpaJIH 

Hapojcb, saxBanjiH napoBosi cb XByif^ Baronaiai, npHTHajoi ero 
n jmrepB, nojtosHjni Cojibhhx'b bi» BaroHH h OTBesjiH rtb bi 
ropoxib. BoTB H Bce. Torxa mu He sHam, hto aro Hexopomo, 
MM fjuajoi, 9T0 Haso cnacra aiiixi jooAeft... 
• — Ho HOTom nan CKasan, hto mh nocTynHJOi oneHB xypHO, 
npoTHBi saEOHa, h xortJiH HacB apecTOBaTB. Tor^a mm y6&iuuKK 
KB HHMB. — ^isyniKa FJiasaMH yxasajia na cbohxb xocMamxB to- 
Bapnniefi. — TenepB a paxa, too mu bto ca^sjih, notOMy too ohh 
TftKle xo6pHe, TaKle...~0HacMimajiacB9 oCopBajia na noJiycjiiOB'& 
H He Morjia jifiLSbme npoxoJisaTB. 

n cRopo BC%oxBBHJiHCB,comjaiCB, HOBHaROMHjracB. Bd paxo- 
BaiHCB, CicHJOBCB, CRaRajiH, Touo x^TH. ^0 noBAHHTO Benepa 6yxT0 
ciosB croojL'b wh Bosxyxi. Ha jnyry ycTpoHJiHCB osHBueHHSfl 
irpu, H MOJDLOxesB Pa6oHet ApMiH Bca^ecRH cxapajiaCB noRasaTB 

€B0X> JIOBROCTB, 6^0 60Jli6 HOXCTpeRaBMafl PpOM^XHOft TOJiaOft SpH* 

TQieft H81 BarnHHTTOHa. EesMaTesHoe BeceoiBe oxBaTHJio Cespa- 
<SoTHinnb. Hmt* RasanocB, too ohh hphiiuih, HaROHei^B, xoMoft h 
^JfjTh SHTB 8xto 6e8R0HeHH0 xojsro orpoMHoft, xpy^KHoft ceMBeft. 

HhRTO H8B HHX'B HO HpeX^yBCTBOBaJUl TOft RaBepSH, ROTOpyK) HOX- 

roTOBHJiia HM*B cyxB6a, h nexyMaJiB, RBROft sanRift ROHeiti oaui- 
Xaen hxi>x^o. 

^epevB HexiJDo, wh x^hb noxan hothiqh, y Bxoxa b'b Ka-. 
niiojdft, fiujiH apecTOBanu rjsaBHue bosxh Pa6oHeft Apnin — 
KeiCMy EpoysB, EeouiH. 

HoxHKiH o6BHHfljiia JLTh vb TOMB, TOO OHH noMMU mpoey Ha 
AffoicaiiKih OKOAO EanwnoAiH. fifl noxann hothi^h hxx pfoae ne 
XonycTHjni. Ha nee ne oCpaxHiH HHRaRoro BHHMaHbi. Korch, 
fipoyHi H K^juni, saRJiioTOHHue bi TropBMy, xojurhs6ujih npesi 
HicRoiBRO MicAAeBi cyxHTBCfl HBOb-sa TpaBu nepex'B RaHHTOJiieMi. 



XX. 
Buja TeMHaa bhmhhh hohb. GnirB nax^ui^ 6oJiBmHMH xjiohbh- 

U. CHJIBHUft B^Tepi HOXXBaniBaJTB HXl, RpyTHJTB H yHOCHJTB 
lCyX»-TO Vb BHCB, OHHTB KB CipUMB HaBHCniHMl o^JiaRaMi. Hy- 

nncrafl nejuena pmuiaro csira noRpujia seMJoo, He ocTasHB'B 
SHTxi x&se npHSHBRa xoporn, ■ 6&Tljia bo bc^ ciopoHH xo 6e8- 

KOBenOCTH. 

B'B i^ROJEBKHxi casoHflxi OTB MaseHBROft sejoAsHOXoposHoft 
^TaHipHy y caMHXB pojibcobb, ho ROA^na bi entry ctojutb ?e- 



64 pyCGKOB BOrATGTBO. 

jiOB%inE»« IIpoTHpafl rjiasa OKoneniBnieio pysoio, ohi CTapajicfl 
pascMOTpiiB HTO-TO BsaJTO. Ulywb iipH6jiiHsaBinarocfl naisxa cjm- 
mancfl eMf yxe hIcrojibko icrH0B6]dft, ho sa ryjuoirb h mjMOirK 
BiTpa H6JiiL8fl 6bijio yraxaxB, sa KaRoirb om> pascTOflHlH. 

HaROHOiTB, nepeAOBoft ofohb BiiHHpHyjii hsi cHiacHofi mtjoa 
yxe coBciMi Sjihsro. npH6jniaEaHCB ki> crsBUfE^ no^A^ nomoji^b 
MesJieHHia ^enoBiEi>, noASHAaBnnft ero, h^ckoaro MrnoBeHift 

BHHHaTeJIbHO BCMaipHBaJICfl Bl f^JOBBjn JShUb BarOHOBl H, HaKO- 

Hei^B, BufipaBi BaroHi, okojuo Roioparo He bh^ho 6wio rohayr-- 
Topa, npHii%aHJicfl cb jhobroctbio RoniRn hbcrohbjii naTopHasi. 
GTpaxHyB'B cb ce6fl csbn, oh% Bsomejoii wb BaroHi h c^jtb na 
nepBoe nonaBineeca uicTO. KoHAyRTopa He 6uj[o — owb bsaox^ 
Hyjii CB o6jiier9eHie]rb. Bon yse h&crojibro viamfiB'b^ RaRB 
OHB nyTemecTByerB TaRHBTS oCpasoMi cna o6n^ecTBeHHuftcHerB»y 
H BceiaRH euj Raawufi pas's hbjiobro, tohho yRpajii HT0-HB6yAB. 
Bi 9T0irb sajuROiTb o6opBaHiti TpyxHo Cujuo ysnaiB ByHHHa. 
IIoMHMO HCiacRaHHaro rpasHaro luiaTBJi, pasiiTejibHafl uepeuiHa 
npoHsomjia B!b ero napyiRHocTH. Ton jicHuft, h^crojibro naHB- 

HHft BSTJiBKb^ ROTOpuft COCTaBJSflJI^ OTJdHHHTeJIBHyK) ^OpTy OfO 

jiHi^a, CM'^Hnjucfl HeAOB^pHEBuiTB BdFJuiAOM'B saTHaHHaro 8Bipa. 
HcxyAajioe jhhiio, HacynoreHHUfl 6poBa, rjiyCoRia Mopn^HHs sa- 
60T11 H yxoMJieHlfl, roBopHJiH rasejioft sh8hh. B'b desnopHAOHHO 

BCRJEORO^eHHHXX BODOCaX'B H A^niHHOfl 6opOA:& HpOFJIflAUBaJia ci- 

AHHa. 

Owb ocKOTp&icfl BORpyrb. fipRlft CB^n RepocHHOBoft Jiaimu, 
BAiJiaHHOft B'B noTOJiRi BaroHa, ocBln^aji'B jiHi^a naccajRHpoB!B. 
HiROTopse ApoMajiH. IIpoTHBi Hero CHA&iia crapaa H%MRa b'b 
noHoineHHoft cojtoMeHHoft, He CMorpfl na SHiiy, nurflORicB hojsh- 

HflJOIirB 6yR6T0M'B AB^TOBTB HaA^ CaHHBTB JlGolTB. Ona, BHAHMO, 

tepojiacB CO CHOiTB H nocMaipHBajia BORpyrB RpacHUMH, ciesjiH- 
BmcH rjnasaMH, AO^poAymno h Coschjibho yjiHCaacB. Pjiaoitb cib 
net no^HJiafl nerpHTflHRa, b'b o^Raxi, ch tojictbimi jnynootipas- 
HUM'S jiHitoiTB, A^P^Kajia na rojo^haxx oipoMHyK) jiiopsHHy c% 
^bsbewh. B'B yrjiy ABa HTajuBAHita— RaiieHn^HRa ropa^o cnopajiH 
^eiTB-TO. Oahhb E8B HHxi, xyAOfi H CjAksoA^ oco6eHHO ropa- 

P^AOiTB cb ByHHHHirB CHA^Jia HapflAHaa dapumfla— aueps- 
RaHR9, B'B mHRapHOft nuEfln% cb rpoMaAHUMi nepom, oCAaBman 
ero, RorAa owb c&dli, JieAOHJiniiHirB BsrjiflAOUs npespimfl. Ona 
Aaace cjienca oiOABHHyjiacB — rochoki ero 6iiJis cjiriuromi ho- 
upe8eHTa6ejieHi. Owh B8rjumyji[i na CBoe pBanoe, nopBrsiBmee 
on BpeifeHH naiBTO, chaju'b ci fojiobh AP^HHyio, HSHomeHHyio 
mjiflneHRy h QOBepi^JTB eio b'b pyRax'B. PyRH Cujiih orpy6&rua, 
pacrpecRaBmlacji onxoJUOAa, RpacHua. &io6Haa ycMiniRa ncRpH* 
BHJia ero 17611, h ohi HCROca B8rj[flHyjrB na cbok) coc^AKy. Ta 
eniie neimoro OTOABsnyjiacB. — Hsbehhto, cyAapuHa,— npoCyp^aJirB 



r 



nocnxHKB GJiOBO. 65 

OEi, npHasajucfl wb yrojii, HaABHHyjrb na rjiasa nuumy h npn- 

TBOpUCJi CIIflll^Hirb. 

Eicy zoT&iocB ocTaTLCJi oxHOMj; yftn bi ceCk. Eiiy TaKL 
Baxo&io aio «iipe8piHle rjiyinqa^. Ero CicHJio to, hto sa am 
xicHipi cKHTanlft 0H!b He mofb BupaCoraTb bi ce6i paBHOxymia — 
owh Bce eji^e HyBCTBOBajo* cefia yflBBjreHHSirb. 

OsHsaji noisxa, oh:b cTpanmo 08fl6i>. TenepB, bi Barosi, 
xeiuoTa HanaJia noneifHory paajmBaxBCii no ero yciajrairb HJie- 
Bswb. JtjBos^ RpacRa noABoiacB aa ero ESMyTOHHOMB uQi, owh 
CBj^bjThf He meBOJUiCB. IIo nipt Toro, RaRi li^Jio orxuxaio, npH- 

Z0AV4I0 KB nOROft HOOli MHOFEXB AHOt yTOMHiejiBHaro nyxHi Bl 

rojuosi A^ajiocB acHie, mucjib HaiHHajna pa6oTaiB. 

— CBo6oxa TpyAHTBca!— AOHeccfl BApyrB fp ByHBHaHacM&njm- 
BKft rojiocB OAHoro H8B HTajOBJBiHiteBi. — Ho ^To TaRoe ara cbo- 
6oAa? 7 HacB ea aobojibho h vb HxanlH. 3a diHMi He ctohjio 
npiisjRaTB bb AnepHRy. 

EyHHHB ropBRO ycwbxsjJLCst. Eny BcnoumuiacB Ta 6e8yMHaa 
noroHH sa TpyAOMB, ROTopaa BiirHaxa tucau JoooAeA na Gojib- 
mjio Aopory h Ciuia HSB^THa idpy noffB RMeneirB noxosa Hnxy- 
CTpiajDBHot ApMiH. Ohb 6hucb cipaniHO nesoBOJieHB co6ot. Stotb 
«noxoAB na BamHHrroHB> Cujib canoft 6oj[Bmoft rjiynociBK) b'b 
ero SHSHH. H rbrb moitb ohb hob^phtb, RaRB nowaJicfl oCnteiiy 
yBJOfe^eniJO? Ohb npotfoBajn'B BOspasaTB TOBapHn^aMB, AORasuaajTB^ 
HTO dxoTB cnoxoAB» HH B'B Heiiy He noBOAeTB, hto aro Cesnojuea- 
Buft nauiaiHBB, h BceiaRH caicB nomejrB cb hhhh. ^apjiBS'B 
EpoyHB yBJieRi Tojmy, TOJina yBJteRJia EynHHa. 

JQI^a^ CHJUk Epoyna saRJUO^ajiacB bb ero nenoROJietfHicoft Bipi 
Bi CBoe A^^o. Oh'b 6iurB yBipenB, hto oho paspacrercfl B'B 
rpaHAiosHoe ABBsesie; hto €Pa6oHafl ApMlA» yAHBHTB bocb idpB. 
Ero HHCTHHecRoe MipoBOsspiHle, B^pa bb to^ htO Haciymuio 
BTopoe npHmecTBle XpfecTa, c6jrasajio ero cb napoAHBUfH Mac- 
caMH, A^ajio ero BjdaHte HeoTpasHMuiiB. Ohb 6ujib hjiotb otb 
mxi> HJiOTH... Ohb snajTB, ^to TaRoe xeshb. THnorpa(|)ntHRB, Ha- 

JTHpi, TOprOBOAB CROTOMB, SypHaJlHCTB H HOJIHTHRB, TOFO TOJEbRO 

OHB He HcnuiajiB. 

Ho OHB, EyHHHB? %o HOTHHyjio eio? Ohb chaIjtb cb saRpu- 
mHH rjnasaMR e crapajica b^ navuiTH bhobb nepeauiTB totb mo- 
HeHTB, RorAa ohb pimHJrB npHCoeARHHTBca r'b ApidH OSn^aro 
Ejiara. Ho rbri hh cxapajicji ohb BcnoMHHTB ao MeJiBHafiniHXB 
noApo6HOCTeft coGuTin TixB nauHTHuxB AHeft, ohb ho mofb yxBa- 

THTB TaROrO MOMeHTB, EtO npOCTO BMHyJIO BT> BOAOBOpOTB H Sa- 

RpyjRHJio. H AO ROHi^a, ao caHaro nocJu^AHaro ahh cipaHHOlBt 
pasBiiSRH dToro ABEacenljer, ohb GescosHaiejiBHO shjib MaccoBOft 
:rh8hb]d, bb ROTopoft TOHHO pacHJiuJsacB ero JiH^HocTB. Ohb ne 
uorB yftiH. 9to 6wlo Bume ero chjib. Ero tohho npHROBajio vh 

BTOft TOJini. 

1*9. Orj^jph I. ^ 



66 PyCCKOK BOrATCTBO* 

Ho Bon Pa6oHafl ApidA pacnajnacB. Ilocjrl apecTa Bosxet 
TOHHO nopsaJiocB rjiaBHoe sboho, ee cBflsuBaBinee. Bci ne^ajiBHO 
pa86pejifiCB wb pasHNii cxopoHH. dneprlB na ffljio 6uao noTpawHO 
TaKb iflHoro, HTO HaHEHaTb CHa^ajm BasajiocB neBosMOSHHirB. ^a, 
TenepB Bce EOHHeHO. 

IIoissB MOHOTOHHO ipoHuxaJiB. ByHHHB chaIh, nOU^HBaflCB 

H31 CTOpOHU BB CTOpOHy, MHCJIH HaHHHajni IiyTaTBCH. ByKBTB Ha 

mjimA H^HKH, cHX^Bineft nanpoTRBB, KejiBRajn> H^Koropoe Bpenfl 
nepeA'B ero rjiasaiai, ho hotoitb Hc^eai... ByHHOB sacHyjTB. 

noisffB mejL% Ha c%BepB HBio-IopRCRaro mraTa, Eysa na- 
npaBJUJica h EyHHBB noori^ TOXiipexM^cflHHuzB oxhhokhxb cke- 
laBlft. TenepB ohb yse upntJonxzJLca eb CBoeft nibsB. 

Bb Hanajri, sorsa ohb o^ynuicfl offSHB na 6oJiBmoft xopoii, eny 
HpaBHJiacB nojmoHB, noiraafl 6e8rpaHH^Hafl CBo6oAa, 6e8R0He?HaH 
Aopora BnepoAH} saJieRoe He6o naflB fojioboh), nou h Ji^ca, y61i- 
raion^e bb jifijsb. IlepBHe ahh ohb mejTB 6oApo. Ohb sBimaJTB 
nojiHoft rpysBK), ohb nacjiasAftscH bc^hb: h thxhub jd^thhitb 
SHeMB, H jiyHHOio HOHBK), H B^TepKOMB, HyiB meBeJuatmHKB Bep- 

niHHH AOpeBBOBl, H poSRHMB H^HleilB HIHI^, H rpOMSHMB CTpO- 

KOTaHBeiTB Kysne^HROBB, HanojEHflBunixB BOs^yxB HenpepHBHincB 
myMOMB. 

Ho, no BpeMenauB, bb Cypnyio hohb, Eorfla TBHa osyruBaia 
seiira), a AopeBBa CTonajiH n CRpnn&iH tohho paHenufl, syrsoe 
HyBCTBO offiHo^ecTBa npoHHsano bb ero Aymy. ?to-to ^ysoe, 
HenoHfliHoe menraiiB 9totb jiicB, nenpnB'iTJEBBO, 6ysT0 cb yrpo- 

softy HaRJIOHflJDHCB HdAB HBXB AOpeBBfl, npOH8HT6JIBHO p'lSEO CBH- 

cAji'h BiiepB. Bb tskIa MHHyru po^Hna sasaxacB eMy AajieBOft, 
neacHoft TO^KOft, ynjuiBaion^eft otb hok) Bce KSLjame h saiBme. 
Cepwe na^HHajio hutb n^eMflmeft TOCROft. ^iicb roh^htoi Bce 
8T0? Ho 8a6oTa o kjcjA xjiA6a ne nosBOJUJia OTsaBaTBca rpyciv 
HincB MHCJiflMB. Bna^ajii ohb Ropiouicji ejiy^afinoH) pa6oToft Ha 
^pMaxB. ?acTO OHB ne nojryiajTB HHRaRoft njiara, a pa6oTaiB 
sa iKJ H HOHJierB. Ho^ Boo6ni[e, ^epxepn neoxoTHO nycRaK)TB 
KB ce6i TpaimoBB, 6oflCB nosapa. Hep^ARO npnxosHXOCB no^e- 
saiB BB nojrl hjih bb Jiicy, na cupoft seioA. IIoRacToajui Ten- 

JOIfl JI^THifl HOHH, ByHHHB HO pOHianB. HpoftAfl 20—25 ICHJIB 

niimROHB, cnHTca RptnRO h noAB OTKpHTmiB nefioMB. Ho ocohbio 
crajio HJioxo. Ha |epMaxB pa6oTii roh^ouihcb, HHorie saBopi 
CTOflJOL HpHmjiocB HffiH BB jtIcb, Txk emfi Tpe6oBajiHCB pyRH. 
Py6Ra jrka, rpedja. rpoMaxHoft saTpaTH ckjeb, AftBajia HHrrosHuft 
8apa6oTORB. Hoori^ icton^a ycnjieHHoft paCoxu, y Bymraa ocia- 
jiocB Bcero SBa xojuiapa. Owl pimHJTB hath AU^nie, na [cbsefrb 
niTaTa, rpib mhoto $a6pHHH£irB ropoAOBB. Hsp^AKa eny yAwa- 

JIOCB BCRO^HTB Ha nO^A1» H UpoixaTB H^CROJIBRO A^CJiTROBB MHJIB. 

Ho 6osbm&K> ^acTBH) npHxoAHJiocB hath niniROMB, HHraacB oa- 

HHMB XJIli60MB, A^ KOe-RaKHMH ^pyRTaMH, ROTOpUe OHB HaXOAHJtb 




nOCX^BAHEE CJDBa. 67 

sa xopori. Bojsj npHzosuocB uhtl ^acTo AypHjio. Bojiie Bcero 
^ffb cTpaAajTb on hobosicoxhocth khtbca h Kasi o Beiranaft- 
meiTb 6jiaaceHCTB% Kenrarb o pyccROftSaHi. ILioxaa ijia xaBan 
<e6fl BHaxB, OHi cjia6ijrB cb Kasxun xeeHi. Hon chjisho 6o- 
Jidkni. Tan npoxoffiJia iribcaipi. Kb KOHi^y ocena HO^dBaTB Ha 
4)TBpiiT0M% BOBAjxi cTaHOBUocB jse flesodMOSHHiCB. ycTanut, 
OHB BacuiuuB HHorxa Ha oxhhb, na Asa^aca, ho xoj[OXB6yAHjrB 
^Fo. Ohb npocKnajicfl bbcb xpoxa, meJiB HCKaiB Houera h, city- 
^axocB, no nijosirb no^avB ne naxoAHJii ero. Bi ropo^arB oco* 
-tSeHHo TpyAHO 6iiBajio npacTpoHTBca. Bb noui^eBcRyio CTaHE(lR> 
HXTH He zorinocB, HOHierB bi nacTHOiTB nokb ctohjtb cjinnifioiiB 
.xoporo, H CB oseJiisHOAopoxHHrB craHitiB nporoHfln nocjc6 no- 
jnynoqE. Pasa XBa ohb nplionuca bi nycnixi sanacauxB naro- 
Haxi, HO o6a pasa Chjtb apecroBaHB h nacuiy pas^tiiaxcfl Cb 
iiojniifieft: bb Hbio-Ioprcboitb mrari saKOHu o 6poxflraxB otohb 
^crporH. 

Ho, He CMOTpa na bc% CTporocTH, BynHHi BCipi^aJTB khofhxi 

TpaHHOBB. Bet OHH OTHOCKJIHCB KB HOliy nO-TOBapHH^eCKH H 

^acTO xaBajiH npasni^ecKie coBttu, xoTC^ue ohb i^hub rtirb 
^iiojtie, no npoftAan nocJiixHie i^eHTu. BcTpinaBmiecH TpaHmi 
<{oji[BmeK) ^acTBK) npHHs«4exajni n patfdHeiiy Kuccy, KasxHft 
^HajTB KaKoe-HH6yAB penecjio. Ohh mm EasB pasB hsb Tix'b 
xlcn, Eyxa nanpaBAflJica ByHHHB, h necJUH ne oco6eHHO o6ox- 
{Muon^u vbca: Boaxi sacToft $a6pBKB, xacca pys'B, hh^h^hxi^ 
^P7Xa> H HHKaKoft HaAesxBi bb 6m8K0irB 6yxynteifB. Ho BymorB 
Hponycsan dio mhho ymeft h meiTB AauBme. Bb cyn^aocTH eiif 

«e8Ai 6iUI0 OXHHaROBO QJHOXO. 

El ysacy CBoeMy ByHHHi ciajiB saMtnaTBy mo cuh na^m- 
HaioTB cepBosHO HsiilHaTB eiiy. Pasi Aomjio xo loro, hto ob% 
ynajTB otb cjiafiocn, npo6yH bcbohhtb na noi^xi^* Ohb ho Ha 
myTKy nepenyrajtca h pinun ocraiBca na ujfunA xohb wb ne- 
^ojumoifB ropofffi, rxi 6iurB xopomit napsi. Bb btoicb se to- 
pOxKi 0Hi» HOosHxaHHO HameJTB ce(5t opHTHHajEBHaro nonyrquoi. 

HpoJiesaB'B h^cbojubeo ^bcobb na CBaMBi vb napxl^ ohb 
CHJiBHO nporojioxaioi h pi^nnurB noicxB MHca. HpHxoxHJiocB 
xcTpauTB nocjDLisHie 25 i^eHTOBi, ho hb bco-jih paBHO nepeftn 
.XHeiTB paHBme hjqi nosse na «o6ii^ecTBeHH06 coxepsaHle». 

OffB samanrB bi nemesuA Ra6aTORB h saRasajiB ce6i 6h^ 
mreRCB. ^epes'B nicROJiBRo MHHyiB, noRasaBmHxca b^^hoccbio 
EyHHHy, xoaaftRa noxaia CojiBmoft RycoR'BanaeiHiHO xuiun^aro- 
«ca Kflca. 

ByHHHi nporjiOTHJii ero vb oxhhb KoveHTB, RaRi TOJLOjptai 
«to6aRa, He oSpamaa BHExanifl na npeapHTeJiBHuft B8ruxB xobaSrh. 

Boo6n^e, ci lirb nopi, rrri owl nepemejii na HHHQr Cb. 
AnioHifl, y Hero na^aaa paBBHsaiBca RaRaa-io SHBOTHaa sax- 

SOCTB. 

5* 



68 PfCCKOB BOriTCTBO. 

HHOi^a ByHHHy xaace bo cwh cHuacB BftycHaa iA^i h obtb. 
iQK)HHKaj[Cfl npesp^Hleicb Kh ce6i. Aojsxho 6sitb, ho upH bcb- 
txTh ycJiOBldX'fc 6jm80CTb vh npHpoxl BoeBumaen ^MOBiicaK 
BapiBHH opHpoxH} xocTaBJuromLi eiiy en^e HexaBHO laKoe Ha-- 
cxasxeHle, nocreneHHo 6jiixH%jiH. EyHRH^ HyBCXBOBani hto Bce 
6ojiie H 6ojrt6 onycKaeica HpaBCTBeHHo, h ci yzacom osh- 
j»jvb Toro SHJar, Korja BirayafleHi 6yxen npoTJoqrTB pyny sa. 
noxaflHieirb. 

A Tyn Bxpyrb Buurb xa h npoijui noGjrtxHift HexBepraRi. 

O^HCTHKb Tapeaocy, oh% noAOmearb m> xosjrilKt h npoMHyjTL. 

0ft JSfiBhHL 

— Xopomo, xOBOJiBHo H ffiCMB iieHTOBi^ — CKasaia OHa m 
noxajia eiiy nasax'B ocTajDHUJi AeHBiv. Bjbmwl snajii, ^to 6h$- 
mieKCi CTOHT& 25 iteHioBi. Bca BpoBB npHJiBJia y Hero Kb 
jDUQr. TaBi owb onmdcfl? He npespiHiey a xajiocTB Bupaxajio 
xofi zosflfiBH. Owb OTffipBjJL'h pysy, H Konera noKaTBoracB Ha. 

HOJTb. 

— He 6yABTe xypaBom, OHa Ao6pafl senn^Ha, — csasajii 
sa HHHi MyscKoft rojibcB, h hbh-to pyKa HacToaiejiBHO boobh- 
BBJia eny Konery bi pyxH. Owb orjuiHyjuca. Hepexi HHirb croflorB 
pyicflHHft mHpoKonjie'iift HejiOB^Ri c% rjiynoBaToft $H8loHOMieft^. 
noBHXHMOMy, TaKoft xe Tpanni, Ban h ohi caMi, saropijiuft h 

06opBaHHHft. TpaMDl, OHeBBAHO, TOJUiRO HTO nponycTBJTB pio- 

MO^Ky By CTOfl y npBJiaBRa, ch anneTBTOMi saRycuBajn roji- 
(Sacoft. 

— Bu— nyTemecTBeHHHRX?— cnpocHjrbOHb, xo6poffyiimo yjiH- 
6ajiCB H BupasHTeoiKHO yRasHBafl rjiasaioi na HecoMH^HHoe xo- 
xasaTejiBCTBO BipHOcn ero npexnoJiosemji — Saxpoiiy y naHia- 
jtOHi ByHHBa. 

— jD[a,— CRaeajii BysHHi. 

— H He6oraTiift... Xota bh hhI h ne HpescraBJieHH, ho- 
H yB^poHB, Hio BH hh FyjiBAi, hh BaHAep6BJiBn, h Boobn^e^ 
hh oahhi H8i 8TBXI TOpToft, ROTopHO 6pocaH)n CBOBMi co6a- 
KBHi Hamy cb Baioi aojih) o6n:(ecTBeHHUx'B 6jiarB. 

Oh'b OTRycHJTB ewfi RycoRi R0Ji6acK H o6jiH8Hyjiica, aobojeb- 
Hiift H ^pasoft, H ROJi6acoft. 

— KaRaa Bama cnei^ajiBHOCTB? — cnpocvjTB ohb ohatb, ne- 
6pesH0 noRa^raBaflCB na RaCiiyRaxi h ynHCHBafl sa o6ft n^ORH. 
ByHHHX eannyjicay — sa nocoAAHee speHfl ohi ysi noTepflJis 
merb cbohmi cneiiiajn»H0CTflirB. 

— Moa? y KBHfl UlTb H^CROJIBRO, — HepimHTeJIIBHO CRasaJTB 

OHB. 

— n y MeHfl hIcrojibrO} — cb BascHUMi h caMOAOBOJiBHmrB 
BBAOiTB CRasani HeaHaROMei^. 

— BU, C06CTBeHH0, RTO Xe? — CnpOCBJI'B ByHBHl. 

— a? a — apTBCTB, Tpj6KTbj TaHI^Opi H ntBCIfB. fl SHaiO* 



r 



noGififfmBs ciOBO. 69 

300 poiiaHCOBi, 150 KOMnecBHxi h 150 cdHXucefliaJi&HHxs 
H HrpaK) Ha KopHeri, uici hirio. Cjmxn^jui Bti o iiiBi](i, so- 
Topuft npoTaHi](OBajnb RasBaHi B'b oxHoft i^epsBH? 8io 6un a. 

— %o? KaHKaETB B% i^epsBH? & He coBcim noHHKaiD... — 
Cb yxHBJieHleirb cnpocHjrb ByHHHi^, vjuma na capxHcia* bo Bci 
rzasa. 

— Hy, xa, Bon xiiKHirb KaHepon, — h owb jjTh se npo- 
j^zjcb laKoe BnpassiejiBHoe <na», nyn ne saxiBi cbohmi rpas- 
HmrB canoroM'B ByHana no Hocy, hto y loro BCHesJio HTHOBeH* 

HO BCflKOe COHH^Hle. 

— Bo Bctxi raseraxi HHcara, — npoAOxacajrb ohi caxoxo- 
BOJKBHO.— CorjuacHxecB, hto na dio nysHa Ciuia. Hisoiopaji p%- 
mncocTB? 

— ^a«..^npoTAHyjirb Bynnni, ci jnoSoHHTCTBOinb VMSffi sa 
BToro cHOsaro MyxHHHy». 

— Moft aHTpenpeHepi Torxa ase csasan, hto h no4xy X&- 
JieKo... Bnpo^eHi, h h nomejrb x&ieKO, — sacMiajica ohi, — 
ixxibRO He vb TOMi CMHCJii, sasB offb npeAcaasuBaxi. 

— Co6cTBeHHO roBopfl, — npoAOJUsajEi ohi nooti MHayTHaro 
JiojiraaHifl,— oreiii roroBHjrb Mena hb xoxapH. Ho Kena baokjeo 
acKyccTBO. 

— UcKfccTBO laHitOBaTB KaHKaHB? — BupaajKOCB y ByHflHa. 

— Aa, BOo6ii^e hcrvcctbo, apTHCTHHecKaa sapbepa. 

— Ho, Kasi se bu o^yTEjmcb na 6ojibinoft Aoport?— capo- 

KSLSrb ByHHHl. 

— Ohohb npocTO. BfiUTb npnrjuameHi OAHOft KOHnaHieft^ 
wpenpenepi Haxyjn, ne saoJiaTHjrL, j&bxdjrb h jbob^ sasa 
SBHranltiH on namero 6arasa. Koho^ho, h h Teneps 6h Morb 
xoib RaxAuft BO^epi nojuyHaiB aHraseMenn— bo ndbrb bthxi 
KanefiBRHX'L ropoxaxL eciBTeaTpu h itHpsH. 

— Tasi HOTOxy xe bu ho nonpotfyeie? — cnpocKjn ByHHOb. 

— ^pana wbrb. Besi $paKa apTHcrB xotb nponaAaL 
ByHHHy npHnoMHHJiHCB cjioaa KpacasiteBa: «Le talent sans 

•argent est nne infirmity ». 

— H ^0 se, BU xpaicnyeTe? 

— Kam BHAHxe, TpaicnyK). 

Ohh nonura BHicTi. cApnicn 6e8i $pa£a> OKasaaca o^ohb 
<onuTHuirb TpaicnoiTb. ByHHHii xHoroMy otb Hero nay^HJica. Messy 

npOraiTb, OHB nOCBflTHJDTB ByHHHa B'B TaftHy SHaKOBl, RoropuMH 

TpaxHu oTM^^aiorb Aona, rxl mrh ne oTKasuBaiorB B'b hohoh^h. 
Oh Micfli^'b TOMy Hasasb saBepHyjoi xojioxa. Bunai'b cni^rb, 
^iTo oHOHb saTpyAHHJio xoAb6y vb ffspBsurb canoraxi. ByHHHi^ 
^mpajica, TA'b MosHO, cjiobhtb ho^bai^ h ABHrajrca aaepeAB 6u- 
<^Tple. JLoisKby na ROTopoirb oh'b teaarb Tenepb, npH6jiH2Rai[ca 
Kb HOBOMy BaBHAOHy, 6oji[bnioicy ^atfpH'iHOicy ropoAy, ni oKh 
limmjvb ociaHOBHTbca h bhobb noQuraib cnacTba. 



70 PyCGKOB BOrATCTBO. 

HeosHAaHHuft toji^oki ocTaHOBHBmaroca noisxa pastfyABJTk. 
BjHHHa. Owb cb Hcnyroifi bcko^hju. 

— nocjDL'fiAHift nojiycTaHORi? — cnpocBJii oetb HerpBTAHKy^ 
CMOTpiBmyio na aero ci yjiHfiRoft. 

— Jta,— OTBt^ajia la. 

ByHHSb ycxpeiniJiCH Kh bbxojij. IlocJii droro nojiyciaHKa 6y- 
xyn co6HpaTL 6HJieTH. BynEH'b cocROWJirb bi rjiy6oKift CEin. 
Ob TpyAOMi Kapa6saflCB no cyrpoCam, okl BH6pajicfl na ({jm- 
TuAmyjo Aopory. 

Cnirh nepecTajii; HaHHHajio npoflCHHBaTB, h vh He6% cjiia6a 
BaropajTHCB sBisA^* 

Owb ocMOTp^AM. Upjuio nepe^B hhitb mjia Aopora, Hspijdca. 
ocBinieHHaji bkcokbhh ajieRTpH^ecKiuai ^OHapanH. BipoflTHOy 
OHa Bejia vb caMOMy ropoAy, ofeh BOToparo Kepi](ajui bi OTAa- 

Ohi 6HCTpo samaran BnepoAi. 

Orb B^Tpa CBirb dJieRTpH^ecBHX'B ^napeft AposajEi h no- 
BpoMeHaMi noryxaaif norpysaa OBpeciHOCTB b'b emie 6oJiBiiiyK>^ 
leMHoxy. Ho nepesi iirHOBeHie AyroBafl jBaima onais saropasacs 
Ch nurnJ^HBeifb b cbhctomis. Fojnifl aiiBH AopeBBeB'B no o6isan- 
CTopoHaM'b Aoponi CpocaJin p'bsm, noABHSHua rtHH na CjiecTfl- 
jiqift CH^rb. ZCbjdui ho 6ujio bhaho, ho nsAaJUi AOHOCiuica jiaft 
coCaKH. IIpoflAfl KBHyn jsfic^fb^ BysHHi yBHAas'b noBopois 
BnpaBO. B'b K0Bi(l a^hhoA ajiaen OjiecTiji'b oroneEi, BnaHHTB^ 
ZBByn JHOAV. BynHHi HjBCTBOBaji'b cHJDLHHft roJiOAi^ — OHi ne 
iiTb Cb ytpa— H, ne AOJiro AyMaa, nanpaBHJicji Kb xhjuk). 

no ysKot ajuiei, o6HeceHHoft BaHeHHoft orpsg^oft, owb Aomejis 
AC Conmoro Tpexi-draaE^aro AoHa. CBirb BBAH&ica B^b Be^nexs 
arasaxi, sHaHHTb, xoeaeBa JioasaTCJi cnatb. Owb nocTosijrb nepoAS 
BopoiaMH H HepimHTOJibHO sacBHcraji'b. 3a BopoTaim pasAaJiCA 
tiacHCTHft joraft cofiasH, sBy^aBmift ne ocoGenno npHB^iJiEBO, as^ 
H ne B'b HpaBax^b TpattnoBi saxoAHib bi 6oju>nile AOMa. 

ByHMsnb OTusKksai emfi pas'b Bonpyrb. Tenepb om pascMor- 
pin n% HJiCBOJibRHX'b maraxi on nero iiajieHbRift ROTTdAsi. 
Repeal saRpniuji CTaann cjiia6He jny^n CB^ia naAaJOi na sane- 
ceHHyK) c^TOWb BepaHAy. Ohi thxohbeo otbophjii RajmTRy, 
CA^jiaji'b HicROJBbRd maroBi no ysenbROft AopoxRi h OTjrTuoi 
Ha BepaHA^. Gnirb saEpnn^'b noA!b ero HoraMH, h cociABuui co« 
(Saxa onaTb saoiaajia. On^b ocTanoBHJica. Bee CHoaa cthxjuo. Ohs 
noAomeji'B ri ORny h npHnajii jnn^oMi ei n^ejoi AOC^aToft CTaBjm. 

«ToHHo Bopi, raAOCTb RaKaji>, npomeniajii oni, HoneoTpu-^ 
Baacb npoAOJOcairb CMOTpiib. 

On'b yBHAaJTB nefioubniyio RonHaiy, ocBin^enHyio Jiramioft cb 
leiiHosejseHuirb aCaxypoHi. no oahoA ctIh^ nura noJiRH cb 
KHBraMH, no Apyroft 6hjio pasBimano meofo RapTHHi, Roiopus 
ByBBHi He Horb pascMOTpiTb. B'b rjry6BHi BBAH&iacb ABepb b^ 



nOCJI^HEB GJIOBO. 7L 

jqpyryiD, 6ojr&6 dpKO ocBin^eHHyio KOHHaiy. y Rpyraiaro ctojis, 

HaSJirOHIIBIIIHCB HaX^B RHHrOK), CMKkn ^QJlOBiKlf. CBiTB JUUUIU 

naxaJTb Ha SHsry, ho jixho ero ocTaaajiocB bi liHE, naAaBmeft 
on a5asypa. EyHHHj bhah^jkch tojoebbo dHepniHmift, hIcrojibko 
jyissift npo^HJiB. IIpoTHBi Hero, no sry CTopony CTOJia, Cjomse 
Kb EyHHHy, HO OTBepHyBniHCB on nero, sencKaa ^Hiypa crxo- 
HHJiacB HaAi pa6oToft. MaJieHEKaa rojiOBxa, rycTaa CB^TJiopycaH 
Koca, cipoftHHft cran^b... Ona niHJia. Pysa w 6hctpo KeuBajna 

Kb BOS^QTZi* 

MnpoiTL H THHiBHot HOBifljio Ha EyHHHa. Orpaffsoe nyB- 
cxBO cnoKoftcTBifl Ha MTHOBeHle sarjiflHyjio wh ero xyn^, ho tojibro 
Ha MTHOBeHle. npociaa, yioiHaA o6cTaHOBRa HHrejuiHreHTHoft 
combh, AymoBHHft MHp^ MiicjraH^aro HejioBiRa, npHcyrcTBie sen- 
BpiHu — Bce dTO 6epeAHJio bi cepwl 6e8soMHaro 6poAflni xh- 
Byio, Ha6oailBniyK) pany. Osh thxo aacTonaji'b; offb laKi CTpamHO 
ycTUti H jsymot^ h Tijiom. 

BnesanHo ocTpaa cnaaica vb jKJOJsjffA HanoMHHJia eMy, sa- 
11^^ OHib ciofla npHmejTb. H Bxpyn, ci crpanmoft chjiok) na 
Hero HaxjoinyjiH neroAOBanie H8Jio6a. 9x0 6iuio nyBCTBO 6poAflrH, 
He HHilion^aro Apyroro RpoBa, jspoiA CBO^a Hefiecnaro, ^bctbo 
BHH^UK) y nopora, cicoTpani;aro na HCTBa, ne ffis, nero npoiroTOB- 
jieHHSJi. Ero oxBaiBJua eesyimaji saBHcn loJioAHaro Kb dTHin 
cuTuits, oCesneHeHHUu'B jraoAaicB, HM!&I0^^I]CB npano ne rojiOAaTB, 
Kaai OHi, a jkhtb nojiHoft ausHBio, AyHarb h jdoChtb. 

— 0, 6ypsyH noranue!— ckbosb 8y6u npo6opMOTajrb ohb h 
xexnyjicfl on osna. C% KaKoft-io HencroBoft flpocnio nanajn 
OHi ciyian vb ABepB KoirdAasa. 

Cod^AHAH co6aRa sajoiJiacB jiaem. 

3a ABepBK) HocjiumajrHCB HcnyraHHue rojuoca* a hotohi po6- 

Kit BOnpOCB HO-aHTJOdftCBH: 

— %o Bam' HyacHO? 

— ^ero-HH6yAB noicn, cyAapuHJi, h SojameHHTOro,— otb4- 
Hau OHi ejiHMi rojiocoiTb. 

Ha MTHOBeHle rojioca saMOJiKJiH: otobhaho, huo coBiniiaHle — 

OTBOpHIB HJIH H'&n. 

HaKoneiirBy ABepB OTBopnai BucoRift ciapHRi. 

— BoflAHTe, cepi,— cRaaaJsi OHiyrpioMO. — Cthaho laRHirB 
pasfioftHHROMX BpuBancfl BB qysot AOM^ 9to HJioxoft cnoco6B 
pacHOJioauin ri ce6i JnoAeft h noJuyHHTB, ^lo BaMi nysHO. 

EyBHH^b uomM'b. Ohi 6£urb cTpamno tjAjuNTb. 
AnepB coc^AHefl ROMHaiu CRpHOHyjia. ^epeei h^ojib na nero 
CBopRflyjiH HcnyraHHue sencRio rjiasa. BsBOJiHOBaHHoe jihao 

MOJIOAOft A^BymRH BBITJUlHyjIO H8l-8a ABOpH. ByHHHl HyTB He 

BCRpHBHyjTb. HeysejiH aio Mapyca? 

— nana, nosBaoia ona THXHMib rojiocoMi. CiapHRi ymeoTB 



72 PyCCKOE BOFATCTBO. 

Kb Heft. BjEvob onepcfl 061 crtny, hto6h He ynacTb. nocrt 
nepBoft BCHEimRH owb HjBCTBOBSurb crpammift ynanosi chjte. 

CouHinlH HJiTB, 810. bna. On'b cjmniHn ea rojioci, pyccslft 
roBopi. 

— nana,— nopuBHCToroBopHJiaoHa.— HeysejiH TeCinesajiB 
ero? PasBi m ne bhshhib, Rasoft owb Hec^acTHBift, cjiia6Hfty bocb 
wh oTpenBflX'b... He iiy^B ero h Bnycra. fl yB^poHa, hto offb 
HH^ero HaiTb ne CA^Jiaerb. 

y ByHHHa noxcryiiHjio ^to-to ri ropjry. Ero j^hibjie cjiedu 
CTUA& H ropji. TaRi Bon RaR'b ohh BCTpinumcBl 

Ho ona ero ne ysnajia... Ectb emfi Bpexa. Ha^o 6isaTb. 
Qhi» He xohotb efl cocTpax^ia* Osb uoxen Bce HcnopiHTb, 
HaniRH norepflTB ee... 

^a, Haso 6&BaTB, ohh wjTby ohi cjmmHrb nrs main... 
Eqe TonRO oxhh% vscjiBKb na aee... 

Mapycfl h CTapHR'b crofljoi na noport. ByHHHB pBanyn hbo 
BdbTb CEJL'h ABepB H npeiRAO, h%hi HeejiOBi h Mapyca ycniJiH 

OHOMHHTBCJi, (MsKSJVb Cb BepaHXU H HC^OSl Wb TOMHOTi. 



XXI. 

TpH Micfliia ByHEHB npojiesajrb wb 6ouhhi(6. Ohi onacHO 
dh6ojAjn>. OpraRHsirB ero, HCTOHteHHiift shshbk) vb nporoaoxB, 

OROHHaieJEBHO HajpOKHJICfl 0Tb HOipaceHlfl OpH HOOSHXaHHOft 

BCTpini CI Mapyceft. Bb rj hohb ohb exsa xoTao^iuECfl fp se- 
jriteHOffoposHoft CTaHi(lH, vfji HOBajuiJicH 6ezb ^jBCTBb Ha nojii. 
Ytpohi CTopojs'b BUTpe(5oBaj[[:b no reJue^OHy caHHTapHHft $yp- 
roHi, H ByHHHa otbobjeh bb 6ojiBHHi(y, ROTopaa cioHJuaHaropiy 
Bi rpoHBAHOirb caxy, na ORpaHHi HoBaro BaBHJioHa. 

n&[BU3 HeA^JiH nuia 6opB6a Mesxy shshbh) h cuepTBK). Ha- 
ROHQi][B, SH8HB uo6ifjui9L. Ho BfiisAopoBJueHie nxjio OHOHB Kex- 

JieHHO. 

Rorxa ByHHHi bi nepBUft pasi BciajiB cb hoctojih h, ma- 
TajiCB, AOian^HJicfl ao Rpecjua y ORHa, bhmu yse RaRB He 6h- 
BaJio. Cnirb ciafljiB. Bb orho ciioTpiJn cipoHBRlft aohorb, Ra- 
Rie 6iiBaiDTB npH nepexoA'6 orb bhmbi rb boch^. HaA'^ o6HaseH- 
Hoft seMJieft CTOAJTB TyMaHB. ToHHue CHJDtyBTii rojraxB A^peBBeB^B 
npHqyAJinBo Bugb^jaicb na ^Hi cipoBaioft akjie. IlacMypHoe 
He6o HH8R0 HaBHCJio naAB seiuieK). 

Ha fyuA ByHHHa Cmjio TaRi xe hohcho h TycRJio. Cjia6uft 
H BAJoift, Cb npHTynHBmeioca Bne^aiJiHTejiBHOCTBK), OHi^yBciBO- 
BajiB nojiHoe paBHOAymle rb shbhh h Hecnoco6HocTB sarjuiHyTB 
BB CyAyqee. Ohi no iipkifiUfB ^acaiTB anaTH'iso CHAiJTB bb Rpeodft 
y ORHa BB RaRoft-TO cxpaHHoS noJiyApeMoii, desyqaciHo iJisffl. 
nepeAB co6oft. 



nOGJI^AHEE CXOBO. 73 

Ho Bon Bi ca^y see oxrbhjiocb— coJiHite ct&io cb^^thtb 
ap^e, XepeBBfl sasejieHijai, Bopo6BH pi^ocTHO HHpHKan. Bb nep- 

BUft XeHB, BOrAB BB (k)JIBHE?HOft BOMHaTi OTBOpBJIH OKHO, H H8B 

cajui BopBaJiacB crpja teiuiaro, ^Q^Hcraro Bossyxa, BymiBy cs%- 

JUUIOCB AypHO— 9T0TB OBBflEfllOII^ift BeCeHHift BOZfJTb noxiftCTBO- 

BaJTb Ha. Hero cjrainBOM^ chjibho. Ho cb aToro BpeneHH ohb 
cran nonpaBJUiTbCfl. flBHJicfl anaerHTB h nyiB saxiiflafl Epacsa 
KB jraqi. Eiiy yffBOHJm HopitiH) CyonoHa h kojiobb. 

— ECXB y BBCb pOXHHe BB HOBOMB BaBHJIOHi?— CHpOCHJOLB 

ByHHHa AOBTopB, THxift, cepBesmit ciapuBB, x&BaBmlt cbohicb 
naltieBxairL o^ohb mbslo jri^sapcTBB, ho ciporo cjiixHBmift sa hh- 
n^et H yxoAOKB. 

— HhBOTO,— OTBi^aJDTB ByHHHB. 

— ?T0 BH 6yAeTe A^JiaTB, Korxa a BunHiny bbcb hbb Coas* 

HIIQl? 

— HCKBTB pa6oTu. 

— Fic...— npoTJomyjTB xosropB.— Bb Tasom cjiyHai uinpo- 

xepxmrB bbcb en^e fwh Eexbim. 

H ByHHHB 6wrb paA>. Ero HHRyxa ne MHyjuo. 

Ho ffiH nejfba CRopo npomnH, h bb oaho npeRpacHoe se- 
ceHHee yrpo CixHoe «Anra HOJioBiHecKoei onaiB o^ynuiocB na 
GoJCbmot Aopori. 

— Eyna HATH?— AyMauB ohb, bhxoah hsb BopotB Sojubhhipi. 
Aopora THHyjiacB Bjr&BO h BnpaBO. Ha bucorohb ctoj[6% 6i2jui 
npHA^JiaHU Kffb A^peBHHHUH pyra cb BUTflHyrtncB yRasaiejiB- 
HHUB naiBiteirB. Ha oahomb najiBirl CToajia hiwihcb: cHoBsft 
BaBHJ[0HB», Ha APyroiTb, yRasHrBaBmeiTb bb npoTHBonoJioscHyH) 
CTOpony: «$a6pHKa FapHomH^. ByHHHB comeJotB na TpOHHHEy, 
xoTopyip npoJiOBCHJiH H'fimexoAfi phaomb cb 6oJiBmoft Aoporoft, h 
nomeJiB no nanpasJieHiK) rb ^CpHici. 

CTBHOBflJIOCB acapRO. ByHHHB CHflJIB CIOpTyBB. He CHOtpH Ha 

xoAB6y H atapB, HcxyAaBmee jihiio ero ocraBajnocB 64%ahumb. 
IIoAi* rxasauH Jierjia 6oj[i8HeHHaa t^hb. Ohb nyBCTBOBaiB ce6fl 
eiqe ohohb jCJuaCmiB. 

A RpyroMB 6ciJio xopomo. Seiuifl yxe noRpsjiacB tfapxam- 
CTOK) TpaBOH). Koe-rA^ 6ijiijiH ^pyRTOBua a^PObbh bb nvkrj. 
Bhcoro bb BosAyxi^ sasHBaJucfl saBopOHORB. He6o cLuio Jiasyp- 

BHlfB 6j[[eCR0MB. Ho dXa pS^OCTB SH8HH HenpiflTHO BOJIHOBaaa 

ByHHHa. Bee aio 6ujiio jiJm nero cjnnnROHB apRO, yioHJUHJioero. 
»HB CTapajncH hh o ^ohb ne gjuairh h hiqjib BnepeAB. 
Ho o6iHMB CToponauB Aoporn THHyjiCH JiicoRB. Aj^'^y rjhohb, 

pimHHRB, COCHa MaHH^H SHaROMKUH CHJITydTaMH. MicTaxH jrk" 

)Kb piA^9 H npocBiHHBaJto He6o Aft^ORaro ropHSonra. Botb 

ropH c($iraeTB seoreHafl JiysaftRa rb He6oj[Bmoft pi^Ri, orn- 

EOH^eft ee hoaroboA. A na ropi ctohtb cTpannoe Teimoe sAa- 

e, apxHTeRTypoft HanoHHHaiontee nenpHCTyHHuft cpeAneB'bROBOft 



74 PyCGKOB BOrATGTBO. 

• 

saicoKi. YrpioKO CMOTpan OBajEBHua aicCpadypii orohi, H^y- 
npixi fflMBBjaxn pjiAauH baojub Bcero SAdHifl. IlflTB CamefiTB, sa- 
EonqeHHUX'b npospaHHHMH pisnuiin pimeTRaiiHy ctoatb xaRrb ni- 
raBTCKle crpasH b'b KopoHaxi. ByxTO cb yrposoft CKOxpHn am 
MpaHHoe sAaHie Ha clfliOI^ift neftaasi BOKpyn. Bucoko, bi bos- 
jiyTby ByHHHy 6pocHJiacB b'b rjiaaa HasnHCB orpouHUMH ^epBJom 
6yRBaMH: <rapMOHiji>. ' 

— HeyjRejin aio h octb ^aCpHRa^—naAyMajii EyHHHi,— ona 
6oj[i>ine noxoxa Ha BpinociB.— ^o hba ocTasajiocB en^e wmyrB 
AecHTB X0Ab6u. HysHO 6iuo noAHEHaiBCA vb ropy, a ByHSHB 
cipaniHO ycTajnb. C% CooiBmot Aoponi, bi CTopony, mjia neSoJiB- 
mafl ajujiea. BynHH'B cBepnyjTB b'b nee. Ohi cksn na HHSRyia 
orpaAy h8% AHRaro KaMHfl, oiepi njiancoirB MOKput, 6jrbAHuft 
jio6'B H nocMOTp&i'B RpyroHi. Teunafl nojioca Aoponi nuia nesAy 
HOJUHH, noRpuTiQiH rycTOt, co^oioft TpaBoft CB sejuTiBmnicH Roe- 
Tfi,i apRHMH OAyBaHHHRauH. no ofiimrb CToponaiii AopomcRJio- 
HJumcB ni6RU hbh, HyrB mejiecra cbohmh nisHUMH, CB^MOse- 
jieHHHH JKHCTO^RaMH. BoHi CTOHTB rpyma, BCJi ocunaHHafl Gi- 
ji£nrB ABiioMi. Bi ipaBi, y ero norb, ch yAHBHTOJiBHOft CHJioft 
paspocjracB ^lajuRH... Kanjra pocu APOsaTL Ha TpHJoicTHHRax'B 
RjioBepa. Ho Bynnny CRBepHO, Bce ero cepABn, Bce, nauHaa 
on 9THXI Bi?HO sopxaionpirB 6a6o^eRB HROH^aflT^MiHec^uicT- 

HUM^b MypaBBOlTL, ROTOpElfl Tan^Tb COJKOMHHRy Bl HflTB pad's 

CojiBme ero caiforo, HaBOfta na HenpiaiBua jhe^huh socnoicHHa- 
Hia. Ohi, ByHHHi, loace bck) acbbhb CTaBsurB ceCi HenoouiBHHa 
saAaHH. Boace, RaRie rpaHAiosHue naanu h RaRle auuDde pesyjiB- 
laml ByHHHi Cb rop&Roft npoHieft chotp^jtb na uypaBBa, roto- 
puft npoAOJiuRajs'B TaogeiTB coaoMHHRy, pohhjtb ee h ooaTB noA- 

XBaXUBaJTB. 

— IIpeKpacHoe yTpo, capil — BApyn pasAaaocB naA^ caumi'B 
ero yxoMi. Oh'b noAHaorB roaoBy h yBHAajTB nepoAi coCoft ao- 
BoaBHO cipaHHyK) ^HrypRy. Epome^Hufl HeaoBi?eRi>, o^eHBnpo- 
nopAiOBBJiBHO caoaROHHuft ci xaaeHBRHirB, ofopn^eHHSiui, RaRi 
xo^enaa rpyma, aeitOMi, CToaaB nepoA^ hem%, AoCpoAynma 
yanCaacB h xHTpo noAMHTHBaa oahhitb raasoiTB. Bb pyRaxB owb 
Aepacaai AUHHiflmift xoReftcRlft xaHcn, aoropuft ohb HHRaR'B 
He MorB yAepsaTB b% paBHOBicm. ^aaHHua, noaocaTua naHia- 
aoHU, HaA^TUH OHOHB BiicoRO, saxoAHJiH oiiy HB rpyAB, a seae- 
Haa RaitaaeflRa apROCTBio ne yciynajia noaaMB. OrpoKHaa coao- 
KOHHaa maana Aosepniaaa ero ROCTioirb. 

— YTpeHHioio DporyaRy cosepmaeTe, capi? — CRasaaB ohb^ 
npoAoaacaa ayaaso yaH6aTBca h ORBAUBaa Bynsna npoHHita- 
leaBHUiTB BsraaAOMB anepHRaHAa, ROTopuft yiriton cpasy coi^- 
HHTB» HeaoBiRa. droTb aaraaA^ OROH^axeaBHO pascepAnaB EyHHHa. 

— OmHdaerecB, a ne ryaaa), a mnj pa6oTH, — oTsi^aaB. 
owh cyxo. 



nOCJI«AH£E GJIOBO. * 75 

Majtemxlft HejiOBiHesi noEanjicji co ciiixy. Osb cir&uica 
Jfi CMGffhy TaKl HTO ffiXB saKaiiuuuicfl. 

— Rze, Kze, Exe... Hn^ere pa6oTii, cnosoftHO cbaa na ao- 
po]4; no KOTopoft HHETO He zoxHTb. B^A^ ftopora dia naciHa^ 

C06CTB6HH0CTl, Cdpi. SeHJIfl SpBHaXJieSHn M-py TjTJIH), XH- 

peKTopy ^CpiiEH cFapMOEk*. Mn^eTe paConi, xe, xe.HeAypHO, 
OTOHb He^ypHoI 

— 9x0 HHHero ho sHaHjm,— CEasajrb Byaeffb, HicROJiBEo 
(KSflJKeHHKft ero cm^xomi.— HhoA paai xoahiqb oeojko caiioft pa- 
(kmi, a OHa see bi pysH ho x&eica, a to h ho Hiitenib en, a 
<ma caMa Kb n6i Hsen. 

— Fm.^ oiBin omiTHaro HraoB^Ba. Ho, aojubho 6uTb, He6o 
Ban o€o6€HHO noEpoBHTOJCbCTByerE, noTOMy vo nocjiajro kohh. 
SL—^MMOTBWbj caAOBHHEi M'pa TyTJfl. Pa6oTU BecHoft y Haci 
DopflAOHHO, H A, nosajiyft, roiOBi npHHanflTB Baci Ha nicsojiBso 
XBH&EOBX. MhI saEi pasi Hysenib noMOH^HHKi. A OTsyAa-aKiBu 
CyACxe? 

— SI sA^CB coBciiTB nyxoft. U^esKfifi ]^9£oT9jrb BiHHEaro, — 
CAepauiHHO oTBinajii ByHHHB. 

— Hy Ad Hio-arb MHi saci HcnoBiA^BaTB. IlyAAHHrB ysHaercH 
HO BEycy, a ^ojioBiE^ no paCoii. Pa6oTa se y naci bi caAy h 
7Fh oropoAi, caiiH snaeie, saBaa: rgb BCEonatB, Tfib buhojuotBi 
xoe-^TO noABasaTB, Eoe-nro noApisaiB. Haotb no noJiTHHi vb 
Aesb? SaBTpaEi h oCiA'b Hoft. — ^nnoreHi xjioHHyjrb Bynmaa no 
Hieny h npHB^^mBO sarjiflflyorb euy bi rjiasa. ByHHHi co6HpajiCH 
npoflTH Ha ^a6pHEy, ho Tarn Bce mofjio 6utb BanaTO. Pimenie 
ero cosp^o MmoBeHHO, Bu6HpaTB 6um ne hbb ^evo. 

— HAen,— CEasajTB ohi. 

— Hy, TaRi]iapnrBBnepeAi>l — BocsjiHEHyjrB ^HHoreHi Hsama- 
rajCB yAHBHTejiBHO EpynflHiin jsflz ero pocia maraMH. BApyrB ohi 
aaraHyjrB MapcejiBesy, nepeA^JiaHHyioHa aMepHKaHCRlft JiaAB. To- 
HeHBEift rojiocoEB ero h cipaHHiift phtki 6ojrle noAiOAHJin kb 
BoxeBHJiBHuiii EynjieTaiTB, ^mi ri peBOJUoii^iOHHoicy icapmy, lasib 
«o ByHHH'B OABa ysHasi snaKOiiufi hothb'b. Owh yace coBciirB 
He cepAiTJicH Ha CBoero nosaro sHasoHaro h cb yjm6Eoft nocMai- 
pHBaji'B Ha MaJteHBEyio cuinmyK) ^erypKy; a ^nnoreHB xpaCpo 
manuTB BnepeAi* n sasHBajtCH, sasB niniia. 

— j!Lh)6jIII0 BOHHCTBeHHHH niCHH, — CRasaJlB OHB, OEOHUBl. — 

J(a, cdpi, Bu uoseTe ropAHTBCH. HM^ere xbno cb CBo6oAHH]fi 

mepHEaHCKHicB ipasAaHnHoiiB. Xoth, no niEOTopBni'B o6cToaTejiiB- 

sxaaiTB Kok h npnxoAHTca 6utb cjnyroio Gorana, no h yBasaio cbo- 

iOAy H HesaBHCHMOCTB. 

^OHoreH'B CBoeft SoApomio h BecejiocTBio naTOnajTB pacnojia- 
aiB Kb ce6i ByHHHa, Roiopuft Tose cTajTB coo6n^lTeJIBHie h 
HiBCEasaarB eiiy soe-tTo hsi cbohxi> npHSJUo«EeHlft. PasroBapHBaa, 
(HH HesaMiTHO AomjiH AO BopoTB TiHHCTaro napsa. Ha hexi 



76 PFCGKOB BOrATCtBO« 

naxHyjio ciipuicb cMOJuicTinrB sanaxoM^* Illejtecn n ryjub i^o* 
Cirajn no BepmsHairB pasBicHCTiirb cocbhi. Tbss&sho. b^tbk 
Hxi tfpocaJiH mnpoKyio t&he na Hisnyio ipasy jnyasaeKX. Bjbmbj^ 
^yBCTBOBaa^b, hto osHBaen, Bxuzaa aiorb nyAecHid ciioJiHCTEift 
BOBAyxi. 

Bi KOHirl cocHOBoft ajuEeH BHAa&icfl fioJUBinoft 6ijaift xom%, 
OKpyseHHUt BepaHsoft cb ROJioHHami. IlepexB aomomi pacKHHyAca 
itBiTHHK^b, necTpiBmiS TiojEBnaHaiui. 

— CsepHeirfc cioxa, bi moh BJiaffiHlfl. Bs jspwb emfi ciun, — 
CRasajE'b $HHoreH:B, GpociiB'B Bsrjuiffb Ha saRpuTtifl CTasHH. 

Repeal He6oj[iBmyio KajiHTBy ohh npomjiH bi oropoffB. Ha 
TeKHHTb rpflA&^Tb, TAHyBnxflxcji fljHffHmfg pHAanr, exBa Bcxoxsjia 
sejueHb. # 

— Ha^KHaftte hoxotb diy rpflx^y ropoxa, a si c5iraK) r no* 
craBJiiOBCKHDiiTHTb Bo^y AUHafl.— OflHoroHib ySisajii B'b Kaxefib- 
Rift sonHBi vh poxi CTopoasKH, CTOflBmlft y caMoft RajimcH. 

• EyHHHi npHHfljicfl sa paCoTy.. BczoxHBmafl sejieHB ropoza 
6him emfi laKb nisHa, ^o ByHHFb, ci HenpRBU^KH, toancsi 
Bsrran^RTB ee bm%cto ipaBH. 

^epesi HicKOJibRO KRHyn Bepsyjicji ^RHoroHi. 

— SaBTpasB CRopo 6yA6rL fotobb. — CRaaan ohi. 

— BunojieMi ary rpfl^y R nosaBTpaRaen. fl AyMaio, bs 
nporoJiOAajmcB. 

MajieHBEift HMOBineRB cxpaniHO cyetRJica. Oob, OHeBRSHO, 

piUtOBaiCA, HTO 6GTB Ch JShWb ROrOBOpRTB, R UOVMViB^jrb Ha By- 
HHHa COB(^Ml JiaCROBO. ByHRHB ^yBCTBOBaJTB, ^ITO HOpBOe HO- 

HpliiTHoe Bne^aTjrinie gobc^ri crjiaxRJiiocB. 

— JlopAU-TO HamR cnjirB, — hpohrhocrr noARRrnyB'B B'B cto- 
pony soRa, saroBopui ohstb $aHoreFB.— ^Iri ohr xoJEBme 
cnarb, liRt rhI noRoftnie, a to noft^y^ coBaiB hoci Bdo^y. 

— A HTO, BamR rocnofla— nopaAO^Hiie jooah?— cnpocRJTB By- 
HRHx, HT0611 HOAXepsaTB pasroBopi. 

— nopaAo^Hue...-^npoTaHyjrB $RHoreffB,— ne SHaio npaBO.— 
He JDrK>6jiH> r R-pa TyTJOUi* Ectb nyHRiii, bb ROiopuxi ru co- 

BC^Rl HO CXOXRRCH. Ofll, BRARTe-ilHy flORORpaTB, fl — peCHySjIR- 

Raneiti. Oh^b GoraiB — a 6^hqbi^. A sHaexe-JiR, RaR'B ohb pasfio- 
raT&TB? 

$RHoreHB cocrpoRJi'B CRinmyK) rpRRacy, npnn^ypRB'B rjiasa r 
csaBi ry6ii. 

— CiapBe npoAaBajii) a&) CpomeHHoe rpasHoe CTapBO, ipanRR, 
dyRary, 6yiiuiRH, secraHRR. — Owb nocRoip^'B Ha ByHRsa ch 

AOBOJIIBHURl BRAOR^— KOHOraO,— npOAOilAaJtB OFB, — dTO 6iUlO 

AaBHOy 30 niTb TORy nasaAB. TenepB om ARpoRiopB cFapROEiR^, 
BRAinR, ^aCpRRa^ RaKB ABopei^B, CTORn na ropt? Obtb CRpa- 
BawBy ^TO Chjtb CTapBeBH^RRORi, a fl SHaK) 3T0 HaB^pHO. HsorAa 
OHi npRxoARn cioAa RyAPRTB HaAO RHoft. 9 cjiyniaK) r ROJiny, 



r 



nocn;^BB giobo. 77 



z TJoasL HOE roBopan: iJI bbbjo hto th 6vji ciapBeB- 
n^HKDM'bh JSfik, ovb npHHaAnexHTb vh TauaHH Foub— bu, ko- 
■eHHO, cjEHzajiH oCi 9Toft accoipaiilH 6oraHeft— b'b 6aHBi yHero 
HsnioHii, vuR ero ctoetl bi ucjii 200 apHCTOKparaHeoan'b 
cm^ciBx HoBaro BaBSJioHa, ho a SHai), hto owb 6w£b ciapLes- 
ntHKom, H aro AOCiaBJuen irai yAOBOJOCTBie h ypaBBHsaen 

MeBUI^Cb HHirB. 

— $HHoreHi»l— paaixajicfl Bxpyn pisRlft seHCKift rojiocb cb 
Teppacu. 

$BHoreH% cocTpoHjn njiyroBCJcyio posy. 

— dro OHa MeHfl soaen, m-ci TyrjiB, — csasajTB oh:& h, 
BHiepeffb pyRK o6i JiesaBmlft ea seiui rpyCiift ^apryKi, nodi- 
sal's Henoft pucitoft. 

^epen safiopi EyHiHi» bha^jtb, Kaa^b ^HHoreni BsSiacaorb 
la BepaH^y h uojspmem, Kb BUcoBoft nosHJiot seHii^iiHi cb curao 

UOUBTmrh MHUOflWbj ho Cl ^epHIIMH, KBRl CUOJSB, BOJEOCami. Ot- 

Ufiirmee jmufi ea KasajiocB eiii;e sojirte on CBiuo-roJiydoro sa- 
Hora. Ofla naxajia pyRaiur, RpH«tajra, cepAHio secrsEyjiHpyji h, 
OHeBHAHOy sa HTO'TO pacneKajia ^HHorena. ^epesi nibcROJiBKO mh- 
lyn OHa ynua vh aoitb, a owb Bepnyjicfl, saKpHsaa pyKOft pon 
I BecB TpacacB on CMixa. 

— BcROHHJia, rpixH cnan ho xaion. CnpainBBaia, hto bee 
sa HOJEroBiRi. IlaHTaJSOHU Bamn, BHXHTe-Ju, eft ne noHpaBiuaicB, 
roBopnn— HaB^pno TpamrB. 

— TacB He jiy?me-JiiH uni yftra? Bu Kosere HasRTB ce(% 
HenpIflTHocreft? — CRasajrb BynHHi. 

— Birby HHnero... Ci neft, BHAHre-jm, csjixjLOtb HOAaBHO 
npecM^niHoe nponcmecTBie. HysHO aairb CRasaTB, hto ohh oCa^ 
HUMP'S TyTJiB, h OHa, cipamHO Goaxcfl 6poAfln, napoHHO A^p- 
san opoTHB'B HHXi MiAmMX'b co6aRB— HeAaBHo OAHa co6aRa 
MajnbHHRa ao cuepin saRycajia. IIojniiJieftcRie y mncB h ABioion, 
H HO^yRyri — na ROHionmi Hm oTBOAeno oco($oe nonin^eHle, ta^ 
OEH BcerAE Moryn buhhtb h saRycHn. H Bon, npH TaRoft-To 
oxpaH^, U'Cb Tyixb pasi HAen JiosHTBCfl cnaxB, A'iJiaencBoft 
Ho^Hoft Tyajien, noAxoAHn Kb nocrejiH h BApyn BBAHn 
HBCToan^aro sanpaBCRaro Tpaicna, bi ipabhhx'b canoraxi h sa- 
ojiaTaHHUxi mTanaxi, Roiopuft JiesHn b'b ea RpoaaiH, RaRi 
Mmjsfinewb bi ROJOiCejiH, h ciiieTCfl. Bon 6mL0 iBaJiTy HasecB 
Aom. M-ci TyTJB ynajia vb odtfopoRi, abbjihcb noJiHAeflCRie, 

opajiH pa6a BosBaro. CnpaniHBaion, cb RaROio i^jibio OB'S 
5pajica. A owb CH^erca e roBopsn: ^Xot^jiocb hocmotp'^tb na 
Cb Tfssb 6e8i napERa». OxqaaHnHft napoAi^! Hy, cian^EJiH 
*> Bi noJUEAiH), a Taui aha nepes^ ABa h BimycTHJiE. CyAHiB 

ero 611J10 He aa ^0, b^ab ^ejiOBiRi HH^ero ne yRpaai. 

TenepB EyHEHi ciiiajicfl on AyniE. $EHoreHB 6ujrb ohchb 

BOJffiHl. 



78 pyCCKOK BOrATCTBO. 

— ^TO ace Bu eft CRasajiH 060 mb? — cnpocaarB EynnrB. 

— H CRasajn, ^o AaBHO BWh BHaio. He CesnoRoftrecB^ dTO 
Bce rjiynocTH, oaho npiiTBopcTBO. 6i CBoe BpeicH, bi mojioxocth^ 
OHa, sojiJSHo 6iiTB, 6hiJi2k noRopone sHaicoica ci TpavnaicE, koto- 
puxi TBRi 60HTCH TenepB. B^as ho saHyjRecTBa osa Ssjia npa?- 
Roft. A&9 ABa caaora napa, — on CTapseBii^iR'B, osa npa^Ra. A 
AOHL 8a rpa^a OTAaJin. JIfi, botb RaRia jx!bn Ha CBifi a^ 
jiaioTCJi. Hy, oiaBaEorj, rpaAsa ROH?eHa, noftxeMTe lenepB sa- 

RyCHTB. 

^OHHKi $HHoreHa cocroajTB H^B SByxi MajEeHBRHrb ROKHan, 
H81 ROTopHXi OAHa cjiyxHJia RyxHeft. Oai xepsaJTB hx'b o^ohb 
HHCTO, crpanajTB caui. B'b nepBoft ROMHart, y ORsa, buxoahb- 
maro b'b napRi, He6ojiBinoft ctojii Cujub naRpurB ^acToft CRa- 
TepTBH). Ha Hen ^EHores^ pascTaBHJTB zjiifii, Macjio, CHp'B h 
ABa Ha&HHRa. 

— Hy, caAHTecB, mejuocth npocHiii, noMoraftre cavH ce6i, — 
CRasajri ^zHoreH^B, ycasHBaacB npoTHS'B EymiHa* — CfOAa, no- 
drase R'B ORHy. 

Ohh npHHfljiHCB ci> anneiHToiTB sa saBTpaRi. 

— M-CB TyTJIB OieHB CepAHTCa Ha aUUIBItOB'B, ROTOpHe 

jRHByrB B% CTapoiTB Howb caAOBHHRa, lyn se b% napR%, — he- 
HajTB onHTB ^HHoreH'B, pasjniBafl ^aft.^Ona roBopsTB, nro ohh 
nplynaiorB TpannoBi, He roHfliorB hxi h AaioTB BcerAa noiciB. 

Ohh, — rOBOpHTB,— BO BCOMI BHHOBaiU. 

ByHKHi nocHOTpiJii B'b ORHO HO Toxy HanpaBJieHiK), Ryxi 
yRaebiBajii ^HHoreni, h yBHA^js'B 9'b rjnyfiHHi napRa MaaeHBBJft 

KOTTdASX, ROTOparO OH'B AO CMTb HOpi HO 8aM%HaJ['B« OhIB QUJIPh 

noHTH BecB CRpan hoa'b a6jiOHEHH, rycTHa b^tbh RoropHXi 
Chjih chjiohib HORpuTU po80BaTo-6ij[uu'B DtBiioxi. 9to 6lfJrB 
HeCoJEBHioft AByxi 9Taa:auft aomhri, BHRpameHHufl RopnueBoft 

RpaCROft, CB KpaShUflWb, BHXOAtTBCIHH'B Ha RBMeHHCTyK) AOpOXRy, 

ROTopaH coeAHHEJia napRi* cb oropoAOXi. 

— A RT0-2Ce TaiTB 2CHBeTl>?— CnpOCHJI'B ByHHHl, HaMaSBIBaH 

nacjiOMi TOJicTHft JiOKOTB xji%6a. Bl nepBuft pa^i nocjii 6oj[%3hk 

OHL HyBCTBOBaOTB HaCTOflH^ft aHHeTHTl. 

— EnocrpaHi^fii, — oiB^najTB $HHoraHi| — ne siaK), hhohsch 
HJTH pyccRie. 

— PyccRie?— HyTB ho hoacrovjtb BynHHB.— H cvjn pyccRlft. 
$HHoreH:B hockotp&tb na nero HOBim, saHHiepecoBaHEHn 

BBrjEflAOlTB. 

— Teri Bon RaRi, bu pyccRifll — Ohb en^e npHcraiBHfte 
HOCMOTp^Ji'B Ha ByHHHa. — B^AB BTo BH B0H>eTe CB EHTaen? 

— H^TB, — OTBi^ajii, yjiu6aflCBy BynHHi. 

— AX1», ffi, HSBHHHTe, TO EnOHI](fiI... CjiaBHUB, XpaSpue JIIOAE... 

A BH, Aa, Aa. — Y 6ilAHaro ^EHorenE, o^eBHAHO, nepenyrajracb 
Bcft reorpa^E^ecRiE nosHadE, h ohb 6uji'b CROH^^ysesrB.— A^ hio 



nOCJI^AHEB CJIOBO. 79 

ze &T0 H... Aa, sa, cifiepnafl CTpaea, rxi smia HHRorxa He 
npoxosKTB, TenepB novHio; MeAB^SH xojiflTb no yjisitairb, joom 
ZHByrb Bi jiexflHun ABopi^axi... IBpp... Kasi bi hhtb aojisho 
6htb zojuoaho. HenpaBAa jih) 

TyTB ysi ByHHHib He BUAepsan h pascMiflscfl. Eiiy Szum 
Tan sHaKOMu am BonpocK. 

— Te, Te, Te, — B^pyn o6p2U(OBajicfl ^HHorenx cjnyTOio ne- 
peMiHHTB pasroBop'b, — Bon h ohb, pyccsaa A^Bymsa, khcci 
HdpH, RaKx MH ee soBeirb. 

ByHKffb BUTJlSHJjrb B'b ORHO. 

MojiOAeBBRaa A^ByniRa CTOua na Kpujubiirl, npHspuBi rjiasa 
Baropi^BmeK) pyKOio h n^pacB on cojmKa, cuoipijia baojib ao- 
poxBH. .fl^yroft pyROft ona npHA^XHBaJna necrpHft KJi^TqaTEift 
^prysB, KOTopuft 6wL'b ^iwh-ro nanojiHeHi. Chbha io6Ba, no- 
Ao6paHHaH c6oKy, ne AOxoAHJua ao seujiH, tbki hto bhahu (Swol 
iiaieHUsifl hofh bi otkputux'b 6annfaKarB. Bijuaa CjEyssa cbo- 
<{0AHO oxBaiuBajia CTpoftHuft crani. 

— Bfiorh^ nfiirb, nfiwb, — nosBajia ona h na^ajna cuhbtb 
sepHO HS'B nepeAHHRa. BApyrb, oTOBCiOAy, hs^-hoab 8a6opa, m%r 
sa KycTOBi H AepoBBOBB 8aE0BH[juiJiin, cnima h nepoBajiHBaacB, 
sypH H HHAK>maTa. BojiBmoft 6&Kuft n^Tyxi Cb apicoKpacHSic^B 
rpeSHeiTB neccH BnepeAH, csHrBaa CBOHn TOBapoR'B BSBOJiHOBaH- 

HIOTb rOJIOCOITB. Elfy ycepAHO BTOPHITB AUHHOHOlifi BHAIOKb, 

fiojiiaji HTO-TO coBciiTB HecypasHoe. 

— HniB, noHHMaiorB no-pyccRH, — cboctphjtb ^nHoreffB, hoa- 
nrHsaji Bynnny. Ho totb cba^^, ho mesejiacB h ne OTpHBaa 
rjQUTB OTB ajfisa bi napB%. 

7 hoi-b A'&ByniKH mjia tojukotha h 6opB6a ne na myiRy. Bci 
Ha6pocHjaiCB cpasy na RopMB. Pfin^apB-niTyxB BUXBaiUBajiB Jiyn- 
ndii sepna. Kypu ap^^cb. IlecTpafl HaciAR& OTHnnajia ^o-to y 
ManeHBROft 6ijD[0t Rypo^RH. Jl^'iBymRa BSflJia 6%JiyH) KypHoy na 
ROJiiHH, c^a Ha CTyneHH h ciajia ropmhtb ee hsb pyRi. Te- 
nepB ByHHHy 6HJira acho BHAHa KOJioAaa roJiOBRa, cb aprhub 
pynflHi^eicB H^eRB, 6jiecTamHMH RapncH rjiasaifH h Tyro sanoie- 
leHHoft pycoft Rocot. Ohi ciioTpijirB na nee, h THxaa paAOCiB 
saropaiacB bx ero yciajnoft njuA. RaRX ohb ho ysnaJiB npesA^ 
dioro xicra? BiA^ h 6ojiiBniaa Aopora la se, h ajuieji, no ro- 
Topoft ohb CBepHyjTB B'B Ty navAiHyK) ho^. Ho TorAa SHxa 
ipHAaBajia coBdbMB Apyroft bhab k^cthocth, h 6HJto leifHO. A&, 

H BTOTB fiOJSBmoft AOMB TOTB SO, H HXB ROTTBASB. Ho TA^ SO 
BepaHA^? AOJUKHO 6uTB, CB TOt CTOpOHH. 

Bb naMflTH ero Bciajna Ta shmhaa cmena co bc^kh noApo6- 
socTflMH. KaRfB rpy6o ohb kb hhhb Bopaajrcfll KaRB nanyrairb 
)el Elfy TOJiBRO n ocTaBajiocB 6kRaTB. Om cjnnnajrB hxb rojioca 
la cofioK), sBaainle ero BepHyrBCJi, ho ne kofb. 

Jlfi, MosexB 6uTB, ero B RB jiy^nieHy. Ohb HaftAeiB pa6oTy, 



80 PycCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

nonpaBBTCJi h notfffn ei isaxh^ xaRi paBHut, a He ku,% 
HHiii;ifl... 

— Bu, nojiuuiyft, rjnasa na nee nporjuxne, — CRasajTB $s- 
HoreHi. 

— GsasHTe, K-pi $HHoreH:B, — Hanajn Bjmwb BBsmrh-ro 
crpaHBUiffB, HenosEExmurb rojiocoirL, npoffojixaji cKorpiTB Vh 
ojCEOj — He noKOsere^jni bu hhI naSn ^icB nocToaHHyK) pa6oi7? 

— A HTO Bu jMieie A'^^aiB?— cnpocBorb $HHoreHi. 

— Bee H HH^ero,— OTBi^ajTB Eynoffb. 

— 3HaHHn, He snaere HHRaRoro KacrepciBa. Ha isaipcoft 
$a6pEBi BaHi He hphxoahjiocb paCoTaiB? 

— EiTh, a HTO? 

— y MeHH eCTB pOXCTBeHHHRl, ROTOpsdl CJiySHTB HpHBpaf- 

HHKOiTL Ha $a6pH]ct cFapiiOHlat* Mosen Cutb, nepesi nero 
MOSHO 6yAen HT0-HB6yAb ycipoHTB. 

— Xopomo 6h, — csasajTB ByHHHi, a cairb Bce CMorpijii wl 
napRi. TenepB xiBymna CMjsjbihy siUQrMaBmHCB. Kypu MapHO 
RjieBaJiH y eji hofb, ho ona yse saCuia o hhzi». Byxi^o rtHB 
rpycTH Hab^^zajia na en jraqo. TaRoio ona en^e 6oj[Bme HpaBH- 
jDacB ByHHHy. 

Bxpyn 6oji&niaH oeHi-GepHapxcKaa co6aKa BiiSiauuia hb^b- 
sa yrjia KOTTaAsa h vh jiBa npHxsa oqyrHjiacB y KpfiUBiia. 
npoHBomejn crpamHHft nepenojiozi* KypH ch HeRcroBfiun KpH- 
KOMi H EyAaxraaBeiTB 6pocHj[HCB BpascunHyx). IliTyxi yjiene- 
TUBBJi'B, BBiTBHyBi BHepeAi meio H BABa ycniaaa noA^HpaTB hoiv. 
JSMffOK'b paspasHJica cipaniHuicB BspuBOiTB HeroAOBanlH, na- 
Ayjroiy HOKpacHftjTB h tohho saMepi na oahoA Hori, roTOBHft 
BcrpiTHTB Bpara* A co6aKa, pasornaBi Bcixi, cb jsfiBcanmDn>E 
jsacBOBUCB BHAOMi HOAOHura Vh jsjbBjmBib h^ ciaBi Ha bbahLi 
Jiajm, nojiosHJia nepeAHla eft na njteHH, jrasHyB'B ee npH btoitb 

CBOHMl KpaCHUlTb HBHKOITB Bl CaMUH ry6u. A'^ByiHBa BCBOHHJia 

H CHJUBHHM'b ABHseHleiTB pyRH OTTOJiKHyjia co6aKy, KOTopaa 
oHflTB 6pocHJ[acB Ri Heft, Hpuraa h jiacRaacL, ^iaymRa BSHJia 
BeApo, CTOflBmee Ha RpujiBici, h nomjia ho AopoxRi. TorAa co- 
6aRa cxBaTHJDta noAOJsi ea njiaxBa h, noRopHO Heca ero b'b sy- 
6axi, noQuia pflAOirs* ci neft no RaMeHHcioft Aopoauci, BeAineft 

Kb ROJIOAUy. 

— EjIflHyCB Gb. naTpHROMl,— BOCRJIHRHyJDl'B ^HHOreH^B,— OHa 

caicaH xopomeHBRBH A^BymRa, RaRyio a RorAa-JiH6oBCTpi'?aii'B.— 
Offb npHH;ijiicfl y6HpaTB HocyAy b:b MajieHBRift CT^HHOft QiRanHRi.— 
H BHaeie-JiH, pa6oTaeT!by RaKBHHejiRai a RaRaa OTJiHHHafl xyAoac 
HHita. HeAaBHO npHnecB a eft nyAecHuft Ronani RanycTU— ona 
ceftnaci ero na RapTHHy. 3axo»y a bsatb RopsHHRy, CMOTpio, a 
Moft ROHBEX yacB Ha cAwA. Hamexy 8eaeHLni;HRy ohi tbri no- 
HpaBHJiCH, HTO oh:b xoTijir& saRasaTB eft BuaicRy a^ caoeft 



r 



nOCMAHES GIOBO. 81 

^aBEH. Osa OTRasajiacB nHcaiB BUBicRy, ho sato HapHCOBan 
eicy ssi coeAHHeHHua pyicn wifl noxapsa ero BOSJooCjieHHofl. Obi 

HUTb 0H6Hb A0BOJI6HB. 0, OHa BJiyTOBKal yiC^eTB JTOKBOh BdE- 

KOMy!— Oh'b CTpflXHyjTb csaTepTb.— Hy, Bon, fl h BOHqu'B, le- 
iiepB nopa h sa pa6oTy. 

Bi oropofli OHH npHHfljmcB BCxanHBaTb HOByio rpusj^ $Hn 
fioreffb nposojuzajTb (SojnaTb— hsi Herojiisjio, aaKb iisi Minnca. 

ByHHHi CojEune MOJE^ajii, ho fotobi 6ajrb cjiymaiB zotb xp 
BaBtpa. 

— Ja, MHJueHBRafl AfeyniBa, — npoxojuauurb $HHoreffb. — Ee 

8Ci 8XiCB JDO&ITB. TOJIBRO OHB HO HpO TaSHXl FOJIflROBl, EaBl 

wa CB BaMR. 7 hoh octb yse 8a8Ho6a. R^b hhmi nacTO xoxitb 

OKDTb XHeHTJIBM8HX, KpaCHBUft TdKOft, CB 60JiBinHHH HepHUKK 

oasaxH. SI conimaJi'By b% fiojEbmoKi jiflwb roBopHJiH, tfo ona sa 
Hero noMOJEBJieHa. Owb — niseis, HesaBHO OTspiurB bb Hoboitb 
BaBHJioHi cbok) BOHcepBaioplio. Xopomafl napTla... Hy, e pe- 

THBHt ace BU pa60THEKl»!— BOCKJlHBHyJIB OH'B, C% yABBJUeHieiTB rJUAft 
Ha CBOerO HQlIOIEiHHKa. 

ByHHHi, HaHapmift paCory choboAho, lenepB buxoahjh kkb 
^e6H H KonaiTi cb RaBHicB-TO onaflHHuicB pBeHleitB. Ohi Horoft 
rj[y6oK0 BABBJUHBajn saciyirB h BspuBan hitb baboo 6oA^ 
soHJiH, ^x!B $HHor6ffB, jAhhbo meBeJiHBmlft CBoeft jionaTot. By- 
HHHB BHEonaJH yso jsosrpajifiy noKa $HHoreffB 6oJiTajrBy ho noAoa- 
|)iBaH, ^TOKasAEnrBCJiOBOMiCBOHMiiipRqHHaerB cipaniHyK) (Son. 
ByHHHi CuJFb OHOHB 6jiiAeH'B, rjiaaa ero JiazopaAOHHO ropija^ 
vb TopoHJiHBiixi ABHxeHUixi HyBCTBOBaxocB ^lo-TO cyAopoa^HOB* 
Enj Cfiuno HeBUHOCHXo THsejio, owh saAUxajica. 

(OKOHHanie CArbdyemz). 

E. GoMoaa. 



:9i 9. Oi9(in L ^ 



PasjiHHHHH y^eHiH o floxo^t eT)KanHTajia. 



y. 



Hsi noia BOspaxeHit, A^iaemixi B. BaBepKOM'L npoTKBi reopiv 
QiHHOOTH PoA^dpTyoa H Mapsoa, a Mory ooraHOBHTLcii touko Ha lix'B^ 
KOTopaa HirlnTL 6ojrie Tiosyi) cbabb oi y^esieMi o aoxo;^! ci xa- 
imajia h KOTopiza noryrL 6htb oi^teeHH 6e8i Toro, ^o6h B;^aBaTBC» 
Vb noApofiHHft pa36op'B paaiEqHHn Toopit h^hhocth. Cpe;^ Bospa- 
aeHifi BToro po^a caicoe BasHoe, KaK^-6H i^enrpaJiLHoe MicTO saHH-^ 
Maen oj^AjDmee: TP7A0Baa Teopifl i^iEHOcTH Haxo^HTOfl bi npoTHBo- 

p£^ Cl JipyrHlTB BaXHHlfB SaSOHOlTL 9K0H0HHqeCK0ft SajKH, KOTO- 

pHtt no;n^epsjiaeTGs aBieidflini AifioTBHTaiBHofi se3hh, EveHHo cb 
saROHoirs paBescTBa npHCuiei. Btb oHJty nocjii;^Hflro saKOHa iipH6uji&. 
Bik opeAHeiTb BcerAa nponopipoHaiBHa Bcenj KanHraiy^ saxpa^eHHOity 
Ha HSBioTHoe npeAnpiiiTie. Bi AByxi opeAnpiflTuix'L Moseri 6htb. 
saTpaqeHo ojpiHaBOBoe BOimecTBo nepeniHHaro BanHTaia, t. e. b^. 
nx'B Moxen Tpy^prrBOfl OAHHaKOBoe KomecTBO pa6o«x'B, ho ecn 
B^b OAHOiTB H81 HHXi nocTOHHHaro KaHHTajia 6oj[Bine, noioaoHTL, Ma- 
mvHs 6ojAe i^'I^hhh, to h npEfiiuB, wb OHJiy atoro saKOna, 6jjifiTb vh. 
vtowb npej^npiflTiH CoiBine, ^vb bi ^^yroHi. Byjio^ntHKib, hojioshitl, 
uomeirh Becrn oBoe ipeAnpifliie npn homohih laRoro se nepoM'lHHara 
kanHTajia, kee'l h xjcon^aTo-tfyMaaRHufi ^aCpHKaHTb, t. e. KOJis^ecTBo 
pa6onxi i|(KKeTB 6nTB Tavi h SA'boB oj^HHaEOBo (npeAEOJiaraE oae- 
HaKOByn pii6o^K) luaTy), ho $a6pERaHTB BceiaKH 6yA6TL nojTfHaTB. 
6ojDbniyD npH6uja, nvb saRL oe^b bsoxeh bi oBoe a^jio 6ojame 
nooTOflSHaro KanHiajia. O^eBE^Eo, ^to ^afipEKaETb hosotb ESBje^B. 
STy 6o2Bmyi) npjiGash tojebko b'b tohi* cjiry^l, eojiE owb 6j]ifiTb npo- 
XaBaTb cBofi TOBapi, aaxjiD^ann^ifl fb ce6i E8BioTEyx) eAHEHi^y Tpy^a, 
Aopose, ^iTB npo^aeTCfl TOBapx 6yjio?SEEa, saKiio^nnutt vb ce6i 
TaKyxhse eAEEEny Tpyj^a. Oaeevb oaobom'b, EeEEEyeirairB ojiiACTBieirB 
sasona paBOECTBa npfldHJieft j^ojdbeo 6iitb to, ^to mb Asyx'B TOBa- 

POB'B, Sa npOESBOAGTBO ROTOpUXl EOTpa^OEO 6H20 OAEHaSOBOe KOU- 

^ecTBo Tpy^a, totb TOBap'B f^onxewb npo^aBaTBOfl Aopose, jiflB npo- 
HBBOAOTBa KOToparo noTpe6oBaj[0CB 6oj[Bniee Kon^eoTBO nocTOEEHaro 
KaDETajia, Esaqe roBopa, 8Te ssa TOBapa se MoryrB o6MiEEBaTBOfl Wb 
nponopi^E norpa^eEEaro sa ehxb Tpy^a. 3to BoapaxeEie, seco- 



PASIH^IHHa y^EHIfl AOXOA^ Ch EAIIHTAIA. 83 

usiHHO, Bec&Ma OHx&Hoe. Oho, koh6^ho, ho hobo, h B. BaBepRi ne 
nepBiit ero BucTaBifleTB. Oho, mosho oxasaTB, ho^ith oiojcb-xe crapo, 
las'b OTapa ipyAOBaa leopifl q&HHocTHe 

PHupAO nepBSiit npHAaJTB TpjAOBoft leopin i^hhooth tbopaoo 
Hay^Hoe 0(k)0H0BaHi6. On ero rsyteKaro aOoTpaxTHaro yna ne Momo 
yesQi&sHyTB ysasaHHOe BospasoHie. Owb BHAtn^ vro ABa npHSHas- 
mrb nwb ooHOBHiixx sasoHa HaxoAflroa Apyn oi ApyroK'B b'l npo- 
TflBopi^H: ero saKOHi* i^hhooth ho BoerAa ichphtoa oi saKOHoici 
paBOHOTBa npi6iiieft. Owb novsouj noonimu'L 0AtiaT& oTOTyajieHie: 
Kpoicb o6ii^aro saBOHa i^hhooth, vh OHJiy KOToparo ipyAi iiBJuierca 
]^puo]ii» i^iHHOGTH, ovb npHSHaeTL eiofi Apyroft, 6ojcfc6 qaoTJSHi. . 
f npHHiuin'B, ^TO BOiH^eoTBo TpyAB^ jnoTpefiieHHaro na npoHSBOAOTBa 
HBBioTHHi'b (Sjiai-B^ roBopETb PmapAO, onpeAtiaerB hxi OTEOCHTej[B- 
lyD i^HHooTBy TepuTB BHameiBHoe BHA0H3MlHeHie BOJiiAOTBie yno- 
ip66ji6fl]fl nanmHi h Apyroro nooroaHHaro KaiiHTaia». B. Basepn 
o6BHHflen PoAfiepryoa h MapKoa bi tohx, too ohb HrHopHpyDTB eio 
eion BasHoe HOSJiDHeHie Hsib TpyAOBoft Toopis i^hhooth. cPmapAO, 
xas'L Mil BHaem, roBopHTB BeMiBaBepn, noApo6Ho ocTaHOBuca aa 
wtovb HOUDqeaiH wh AByx'B 0TA:bjieHiax'B nepBOft raaBs cOchob- 
iHX'B Hanaxii, PoAfiepryo'L a MapKO'B arHopapyttn ero, xora oTRpino 
ero He OTpn^aDn, ^ero ohb, noHaTHO, OAiJiaxb ae MorjiH>. 

A ae cTaay orpai^afL, too 8to aoKJin^eaie an tpjaoboH leopia 
q&aHOcra aeoLMa aasao a cynteoTBeaao. Ho B. BaaepEi noorynaerL 
aecnpaaeA'aBo, BorAa owb yTBepxAaen, too Mapaci a PoAGepryoL 
ero araopapoBan. Teopia apa6£ua Boodle, aaEi a OTaomeaie npa- 
6iua Ki vlaaoeTH, aa ^ewh aaeaao a ocaoaaao yaasaaaoe acuK>- 
leaie, axoAan, no njiaay Mapnoa, b'b Tpeiifi tomi ero xpyAa *). 
HtO'-so Kacaeica PoA6epTyca, to a oai eroro acuD'ieHia asi ipyAO- 
Bot Teopia i^iaaocTa A&^eKO ae araopapoBafl'B; aanpoTaai, oai ero 
xopomo cosaaaan a aicsoiBso pasi o&b aroai BHCRasuBaxoa. EAaa- 
enoHaoe, too Moasao nooraBBTB OMy bi ynpexi, eio to, too ob'l.bto 
aoRHD^eaie cosaaaajiib ae bo Boefi ero nomoTi, ohb aaAixi aas'B-Oiz 
ToxBKo HacTB oit). PoA^epTyenb oosaaerB, too bi caxy saaoaa pasea- 
QTBa npafiiixefi^ ^acTaiaHo npoAyxTii OTAiJCbHHX'b npoAapiaTifi, aa 
xoTOpua paonaAaeToa DpoasBOAOTBO oAaoro 6iara, ae Moryrb o6Mi- 
aaBaTBoa nponopi^ioaaxBao aojia^eoTBaM^ TpyAa, Taai KaKi» i^« 
aocTb aaiepiaia aa Aaxbaillniaxi oTaAiaxi* npoasBOAOTBa Bsime, ^iWb 
aa apeAmeoTBynii^ax'B **). MesAy rkax, ooraBaacB noojiiAOBaTen- 
HHWb, PoA66pTyc<!L AO'seHTi SiUTB BATB j^skSbuiQ; owh jsfiiTRewb 6wn> 
tmaaaaTB, too aeJOiHaaa MaTepiaxa aiia nooToaaaaro KanaTaxa 6u^ 
MCTB pasiana ae touko aa oTAi'BaiiX'B oTaAiaxi npoasaoACTBa, aa 



*) HacTOiimaji ctetba HanacaHa diua noaofiHUMi B. 0. 34>P7CH eme 
%o BHxoAa m T. ^KanHTajna^* nodToay aBTopi ne aor-b BocnojBSOBaTBCji 
rtxH pasuicHeHiflaH, soTopua AaK)TCfl B'B dToai Toad^ no Bonpocy o<5'b otho^ 
meHiH aesAY npsCaBOHHOK) i^iBHOCTBio h npH6uj[BH). Fed. 

♦•) EodbertuB, Kapital,CTp. 11, 12, 23. 

6* 



84 P7CCE0E BOrATCTBO. 

soTopHfl pacnaAaeica npHroroBJieiiie oxHoro KaKoro-u6o 6iara, ho 
"qio Bin no^TH abttb npeAnpuiTit, t^-^vi oyn^eoTBOBaio OAHfiaso- 
Boe OTHOineHie HesAj nooioflHEHM'B h nepeiAHHUicb KamraJioirB, a 
noTOiiy noioseHie, ^o lOBapH ofiiiiHHBanTOfl K9jrb sa jkpjn trh 
nponopi^H TpYAa, TepnHrb ropasAO 6oja>iiiifl voAi^^uanii, "ikwh bto 
noxaran PoA^eprycb. A noaToiiy Bnoni corJMooH'b c% B. BaBep- 
KOiTL, Borxa OH'B ynpeBaerb PoA6epTyoa vh torn, ^nro aooAffit iipH- 
jtajTb yKasaHHOMj oTorynieHiD (UHmEomb ysKoe Bsa^eBie. 

Kan-6H to eh 6IU0, noiosenie, tco TOBapn ofiiiteHBanfOH xpyrE 
Ha xpyi^ Bi nponopiiiiH rpTxa, ho mhphtoh (tl xpyrnrb noiOBenieirL, 
vto TpoBOHB npHfiiuiH vh padnHHUTb npeAnpianflrB orpeKHTOH k% 
ypaBHeHlD. 

HjsHO OTjsfkTb onpaBOAAHBOOTB B. BaBepBj: ohb cbyM^JTb ornuo 

BOOHOIbBOBaTBOa 8THM'& IipOTHBOpitieHl H paOSpHTB BOD OFO HOpBO- 

creaeEHyD BaamooTb. Rasoe, OAHaKO, HideTB OTHomeHio bto hokjoo^o- 
Hie H3i TpjAOBoft TOopiH i^tHHooTH Ki j^BHin poHTi HiH npH6a- 
Boqnot i^taHooTH? B. BaBopRi noAaraera^ nxo otohtb tojibko xosa- 
saxB, ^TO TOBapH HO Horyn Boerxa ofiiEfiHHBaTbOH vb nponopi^H 
Tpyxa, ^rro6H bthkb oaMHiii noAopsaTB bod Toopin npi6aBo«oft Jtjkm- 

HOCTH. TaKOfi BUBOA'B SaXeTOfl HH4 OOBepmOHHO HeOCHOBateiBHUKB. 

OTorymeHie on TpyAOBofi leopiH i^tHHOOTH, Ha Boropoe ysasiiBaeTB 
E. BaBspK'B, H KOTopoe BO Boett ero nonorb oosHasajioob PflisapAOy 

HOOOHHftHHO BeClMa BaSCHO. Gl HHHl BKOHOHHOn AOASOHB CUTaTBCfl, 

Hsy^aa TaBoe HBieHie, sarb nputfiMh na KanHTan: saIob Hsy^aeroH 

OTHOHieHie HOSAy npHfiUJKBK) H BObWh *KanHTaiOHi, BIOXOHHiUrb B'B 

npeAnpiHiie, a bto hhohho OTHomeme BHSHBaen yKasaHHoe otkxo- 

HOHie B% I^HHOOTH, Ho H0S6TB U 8T0 OTKJIOHeHie Vh I^HHOCTH HO* 

AopBaTB yqoHie o poHTi mm iipH6aBonoft i^iEHOOTH? IlyoTb nponop- 

I](ifl, Bl BOTOpofi TOBapH OfiHtHHBaDTCfl APJ^^ HB APF&9 OHpSAt^ 
JlfleTOH OBHHHH paSIH^HHMH yOJIOBiHMH, HOOOMSiHHiZM'b BOOTaSH 

ooraoTOH Tora ^bbtb, ^to cyHHa Boixi npoAyBTOBi) nooTynaDDUDL'B 
B^ pyKH sanHTajracTOBi, npoHSBOAHTOH vh npnOaBO^Hoe pa6o?ee Bpenfl, 
HTO 8TH npOAyKTH HO noaBHJ[HOB-6H HB OB^rb Boxifi* oon-fin pa6o* 
^HX'b HO saoraBHXH pa6oTaTB 6oiBme Toro BpeHOHH, ckojobo ipeeyeTOH 

|(U npOHBBOACTBa CpOAOTBl, HeofiXOAHMHTb ffUi HX'B Oyn^OOTBOBaHUi; 

HoooHHiHHUHi ooTaexofl TOTb ^asTB, vro oyMMa 8THXI npoAyxTorb 
6yAen Thrb 6oxLnie, ^hi AJEHHHie 6yAen pa6o^ aghb h ^ftHi 
npoHBBOAHTeiBBie 6yAerb TpyA^i nro, HasoHei^, <peRTa hhh HpH6a- 

BO^ataH ItiHHOOTb» Bl TOrb OHHCli, KBRl 8TH nOHHTUI nOHDfaDTOH 

PoAtfepryooHi h MapxcoMi, ofiyoioBimianTCfl cyn^eoTBOBaHieMi uor- 

HOl C06CTBeHH00TH HB 36X11) H ItaHHTaJUi; OAHHH% OAOBOrb, OOHOBH 

<8KOHJi[yaTaipoHHOft TeopiH> PoA6epTyca h MapBca ocraDTOH neno- 
xoiefiieHHiucH. 

To-se oBMoe oitAyeri cxasaTb h OTHocHxeibHo apf^^^^ Bospase- 
Bit B. BaBopKa npoTBBb TCoplH i^hocth PoA6epTyoa e Mapxoa. Crb 

SiKOTOpUXH H8l HZTb HOSHO OOraaCHTbCfl, APyrifl HyaSHO npHSHBTb 



r 



PASiH^mu y^KiA AOXOA^ cb kahhtaia. 85 

eoBepmeHHo ejin6ma. Kan 6u to he 6iuo, a BceTaim He besj 
ooHOBamji, no^ejiy ojiiATon nn BOspaseHitt noAo6Haro poja ojtiian 
vm BSDBOxi, ^To j'leiifl PoA^epxyoa h MapBoa o peHrtHnpHtiaBOH- 
HoS ^knoon HOBipHii. Mesiffy rtm Hxemo bto nooiiAsee xorii^ 
XOKasats B. BaBepsi. JtonycTHirb, Hanp., ^no ortj^ysn^ee Bospaxeiie 
6. BaBepsa npoTHBi ipyAOBOt TeopiH i^ihooth Bnoni npaBvibHO. 
tHsx BxiflHiii TpyjiOBoro la^iaia, roBopBn B. BaBepsi, eczjoo^bbu 
B(A cnpeffieTH piAEOoni»» KOTopHO, vh oexj ^asTHveoKHxi sn 
npaBOBHX'B npeiuTOTBift, hxh ooBepmoHio ho HoryrB 6uTh BocnpoHS- 
Bexemi hu ho Moryrb 6htb BOonpoHSBOAeHH b% HeorpaHHqeHHOiTB 
BomecTBii. PasapAo nepenoyuen, b% bha^ npEMipa, oraryH h sap- 
THm, pijpdfl bhifh h xohoth, lOHBiA BiHa H A^aerL npx 
aroHi saickiailie, ^ro €vn 6iara oooraBJunoTb toabo KaienByx) 
Aon> Bcero BOu^ecTBa fiian, kotophb eseAHOBHO odirlEHBanroa Ha 
puHKft». Eon, OAHaso, BcnomcHTs, npoAOJOsaerB au^ B. BaBepKB, 
^txo BTb Biy oaMyn KaTeropin bxcahtb h boh seiuur, a^JI^ t& xhofo- 
voieHHmi fijnra, npn npoH8BOACTB6 soropHn Hrpaen pon naTOHTb 
xa B8o6piTeHie, aBTopoKoe npaBo hih npoxHmieHHax Taftna, TorAa 
XH HaftAexi KomecTBO BTHTB <HCBjaoqeHift> Aa^eEO He xasonoieH- 
HEDrB> *). noAPHBaen-iH yKasaHHoe oeft^aoi» HouDHeHie hsi Tpy- 

AOBOft TBOpiH qftHHOCTH yHOHle pOHTfc HU IipH6aBOnoft I^HHOOTH? 

A pimHTexBHO He BHxy nonexy, h B. BanepKb aroro ooBepmeHHo 
He AOKasan. 

EAHHOTBeKKSft BHBOA%, KOTOpHft XCNnO OAtlBTB H81 erO BOSpa- 

sexii, no Ton, too hth h Apynx orcrynieHiH otb TpyAOBoft leopix 

I^iHHOCTH A02SHH ORaBKBaTb BliflHle Ha npH^IUB OTA^HHH BaiEH- 

TaneroBi, ho HHiaBi ho totb, too ohh noApHBanrb ynenie o penrb 
HiH ]ipH6aBonoft p^uooth. 

druTb fl saBan^HBaD BoapaseHk B. BaBepsa nporxB'b ynemB 
PoA6epTyoa h Mapsoa h nepexosy zi> HSioxeniK) ero oo6oTBeHHaro, 
HoioQBBTejiBHaro ynoHix. 



YI. 

?to6h hcho H8I0SHTB H HpaBHJiBHO oi](6hhtb yHOHie B. Basepxa 
AOXOAt 01 BanHTaia, xxi xysHo npeABapHxeAHo nepeAaiB b'l o6- 
mMTb ^epTax'B, xoTX 6h (Sesi Boaxoft bphthkh, HiKoropue yoTanoB- 
JienxHe hxi o6nUe BKOHoxx^eoxie npHHi^mi. H pasyxiD yieme B^ 
Baeepsa o oyniHocTH KaoHTaiHOTH^eoxaro npoHSBOACTBa h ero bos- 
BpiHiH xacaTenHO Teopin i^hooth. 

Bee, ^ero xii AOCTxraexi ^peei npoHSBOAOTBo, fobophtl B. Ba- 
Bepn, eot!B pesyuTarb AByxi — h tojubo AByxi — aiexexTapHiix'b 
BpoHBBOAHTejiBHiixi oxn: npHpoAH H TpyAa. Bb aroxi sauno^aeTOX 
OAHa H8i oaxHxi ocHOBHHrb HAeft Boefi Teopin nponsBOAOTBa. 'Pojik 



*) B. Bawerk. <Eapital and KapltalziiiB:>, 5. L cxp. 438. 



86 P7GGK0E BOrATGTBO. 

"leiOBiRa BinpoHBBOAOTBisaKiD^aeTCfl bi Toirb, "no owh — oam ^aorb 
BHimHeft npHpoAs — ^KOvfiHSHpyen oboe ecTecTBOHHiifl cnra ci ouaicH 
npHpoAHi npH ^eiTB tsei exb ROMtfHHHfpyerL, qro on BsaiMOAi^fioTBifl 
BTHTB ooe^HHeHEHrB ouTB eoTeoTBeHHiorB o6pa30irs BosHHKaeTB no- 
leatoe e sejiaTeiBHoe eny fijiaro. dro ooexHieHie TOioBineoKm cnin 
01 ciJiaMH npHpoAH Moserb coBepmaTbca abohkhitl oSpasDirB: 1) to- 
MoiAvb npHMtmiBaerb oboi cbih, t. e. Tpy;^i, lan, iiro senien- 
Hoe (Siaro BOSHHKaerB TOT^aoi, HenocpeAGTBeno, 2) mh paHBme oo- 
BAaeiTB noope;^cTBeHHHfl Oiara, KOTopHJi B. BaBepFB HasHBaeri c6ia- 
raMH BHomaro nopflAKa», t. e. opy^qa, HamHu h t. n., sartirB ooe- 
AHHfleirb 01 nocjiiAKHMi Apyrifl CBjni e Ben^eoTsa, nocit ^ero toi&ro 
BOBSEKaeTB sexaieiBEoe RhWb 6uro. IIpEicip'B Jiy^me Boero oovlTHn 
dTE ABa pasjiEiiEux'b CHOooGa ^eioBtqiecKaro npoESBOAcrrBa. 

<KpeoTBflEHsi EyxAaeTOfl bi boa^. Hcto^sek'b EaxoAHTOs sa ESsboT^ 
EOiTb pascTOflsiE 0Tb ero sfljnm^a. ?to6h yAOBxeTBopEib CBon no- 

Tpe6E00TB Vb BOflt, RpeOTBEHHSl HOXeTb A^ftCTBOBaTb paBIE^SHlTE 

oGpasoEi. Osb MosoTb sasAHft paai xoaetb vb soTO^sEKy e eetb 
ESI cBoeft la^osE. dro oaMHt npsMOft nyiB: yxoBieTBopesie noTpe6- 
EOOTE cjAjsjevb EenoopeACTBOESo sa ynoTpefijieHieirb ESBicTSHTb yoE- 
2ifl. Ho BTOTb nyiB EeyAo6es%: sami KpecTBEEEEb jifltMewb vb le- 
^OEie AHE GTOJiBKo pasi GiraTB Bi ECToqEEsy, osonno paai y flora 
EBiaeTOfl sasAa; nps Tom oe'b seAOOTaTO^eEi: laBEinb nyremb es- 
Ror^a ECJEBSfl OROEHTB TaROFO ROJiE^ecTBa Bpffu, RaR06 EysEo AU pas- 

AE^BHX'B II[tjieft>. Ho KpeOTbSEEflli H0S6T& AOOTEIliyTb OBOOft I^E, 

AifioTByfl ESiziTB, 6ojrbe js^aatwaitb nyTem. Owl Hosen npeiwe nps- 
roTOBBTB <62aro Bucmaro EopflAKa»^ sanp., BOApo, saT^Eb npE no* 
HonxB ero cpasy Ea6paT& boas, ROTopoft xBaTEn sa i^uil a^hb. 

OVb MOSOTB EATE 6^8 FOpaSAO fiOJrto AJiBEEintB E OROJEBEHITB nyTOMl. 

IIpesAe Boero oeb npEroroBueTB 6iara Gorie BHcmaro nopEARa, 
Hanp., sejiisEUE ejie AopeBflEEzifl rpy^H, saxiicb owb ooeAESflen 
npE noEon^ dTHXi rpyGi obod xEssEy ci ectoueroitb e TaREEi 
oGpasoEi OEiGyAOTB noiynaiB BOAy BcerAa, RorAa efly doei^oGhtoe, 
Vb ropaBAo EBEBmei) sarpaTOD TpyAa e wb RaRom yroAEO roxe^o- 

OTBt. 

<npOE8BOA0TBO, ROTOpOO EAOTB TttREEE pasyMEHEE OROIBEIIME Iiy- 
TEEE, eOTB EE ^TO EEOO, RaRB-TO, ROTOpOO dROEOEEOTH Sa8HBaX)TB Ra- 
nETaXEOTE^eCREEB npOBSBOAOTBOMB; npOEBBOAOTBO, ROTOpOO EpOOTO, 

roiOK) pyROK) orpeEETOfl rb AocTEBCEiD oBoefi i^in, npoAoraBJUieTB 
0060D npoEBBOAOTBO 6e8B RauETaxa. KanflraiB ootb ee^to eeoo, rerb 
ooBORynEooTB nocpeACTBCEEuxB 6xarB, RoropHa BOSEERanrB Ea ota&xb- 
sfiOB eranaxB dioro A^HEaro oRoiBsaro nyrE*. Bhtoah TaRoro 
npoESBOAOTBa, ROTopoe oHEOiiBaeTB yRasaESHo orojebeho nyrE, t. e 
RanETaiECTEHecRaro npoESBOAOTBa, a^' BCERaro o^bbeaeh: eh, tereeb 
o6pa80EB, noiBayeECE oeieee npEpoAH, npEcyn^EHE 8teeb noopoA- 

OTBOEEHEB 6iaraEB, a 8TE OEXH BHEOXBEDTB TO TESOXHE, TO TOSRIE 

paGoTU, OB ROTopsuiE oxa6uE E EOAocTaTOEEo niGRiE qeioBi^eoRiE 



PABIHTOUfl yqEHIfl AOXOAft Gl SAnHTAJ[A. 8f 

iSHjm H6 MoryTL cnpaBHTBCji. Qm butoau BupaxaDTCfl bi toitb, ^no 
iiH api noMomH Tasoro xe ROJii«ieoTBa ipy^a AOCTHraeMi 6oj[Binaro 
EOjnqeoTBa npoATKTOBi; KpoMi Toro oii BHpasaDTOfl eme Wb TOirb, 
^0 naai^cTHUfl (iiiara nu MOseirB npoHSBOAHiB tojibko lasHirB roo- 
B65Huiiii nyTeifb. 

PaAOHii vb KpynHHMH BHroAaMH KanHTaiHCTfl^eoKoe iipohbboactbo 
BHierB n CBon HeBHroAJ. Ofla saKjnoqaeTOfl Vb nomeptb epeMCHu. 
K&nETajrtcTa^ecKiS 0000061 npOHSBOAOTBa AOoraBiaerb 6oiBniifi h jjq- 
m\& npoAjKT'L, 8a to toalko ^epesi tfoiie oTAajieHHuft npoMesyrosib 
BpeuGEH, «Cavo oo6ok> noHBTHo, roBopHTb B. BaBeps^, mo Tony 
nojto^esiD, ^to sanaTajiHOTH^ecKoe npoHSBOAOTBO oonpuseso ci» no- 
lepeio BpeiieHH, HOJiBBfl npoTHBonoorasHTB Toro $aKTa, tto npH noMO^i 
ysia tomosato nanumoM HSvloTHEifl npoAysrB hozho npoHSBeoTH oko- 
pte, ^^wh fies-b noMon^H EanHTaia, qro noprHOMy, Hanp., sysHO au 
npETOTOBJiaHifl CDpTysa 6031 mBeinoft HanuiHU 3 ABtf , a npn noMonqi 
Tasofi HamEBH tojilko 1 aohb, Tasx Easx aoHo, qTO maiBe npn no- 
uon^E mBeSHOfi ManraHH oooTaBjuierL tojibko ?aoTB, npHTon caMyn 
Be3Ha^ET6jaHyK) tootb, KanHraiHCTH^ecsaro OROiBHaro nyrH, riaBsaa 
\dmh EOToparo naAaerL he npHroTOBiesie oanofl ManiHHH, a ^10611 
upo&Ts BOOB 8T0TB oROjaHuft nyTB vh i^iooTH Tpe6yeT0fl ropasAO 
GoJibiiie, ^iifB 3 AHfl>. TaROBi BsrjiflA^ B. BaBopRa Ha oyn^HOCXb 
KanEiajQOTH^eoRaro npoHSBOAOTBa, Ha ero butoau ((Sojumaa dpoebbo* 
AHieJCBHocTB) H HeBuroAU (noTopa BpeneHH). 

^jiE BOEHHanifl TeopiH B. BaBopRa aoxoa^ 01 RaiiHTaia Tpe- 
GyexcE eme H^ROTopoe BHaROMOTBo oi ero Teopiex) i^'Ihhooth. fl Ha 
dTot teopiE AOAro ocTanaBJiEBaTBGa ho Hory, TaRi RaRi^ ajui dToro mh^ 
upHniJiocb 6u ooBepmeHHO BuftTH sa npoAtJiu nooiaBJieHHoft saAau; 
irpEBa^iy 2EmB HiROTopne bhboah hsi ero Teopis i^hhooth, kb BHAi 

rOTOByXl) TOBEOOBX, He BAaBaaCB BX.HXI RpETHRy. Bi BODpooi^ 

irbEsotrra B. BaBepRi otohtb na oy6ieRTHBHofi no^Bi. €l](tHHOQi& 

Bl oy^'BeETHBEOM'B OMUOlt, TOBOpHTB B. BaBepRl, OOTB TO SHa^OHie, 

KOTopod E3BioTHoe 6sAvo HMieTB A^ 6j[aroAeHOTBifl HSBioTHaro iH]^a». 

<Bcl 6iara HHiSTB nOJieSHOOTB, ho ho BOi HHiDTB I^tEEOCTB. ]ifUl 
tore, "ITO^H BOSHERJia I^iSHOOTB, nOEOBHOOTB AOABEa OOeAHHETBOH tFh 

pthdnaenihioj He Cb a6ooJU0THofi piAKOOTBD, a 01 OTHOOHTeiBHofi, t. e. 
BL cpaBEdHiH 01 noTpeSHOOTBD Bi 6Earaxx A&Hnaro poAa>. cBiaro. 
6yAeTB eai^tb 6ojii>inyK> i],tHH00TB, eoiH otb Hero saBHOHTB 6ojo[Bmafl 
BHFojia jifla. namero fixaroAenoTBiii, — MaiyD i^hhootb, eoin BsroAa 
OTB meFo Majia>. 

Ha ocEOBaEiH ceflqacB ORasaHHaro hosho 6wlo 6n noAyMaTB, hto 
i^tEiooTb AAHHaro ROHRpeTsaro 6iara saBEOHTi otb Toft noTpe6HOoni» 

A^Ui JAOBJieTBOpeHifl ROTOpofi OHO Vb AifiCTBHTeJEBHOOTH OiySETB. HO 

aro huiLo 6u neBipHO. JI.'&jio vb TOm, ^0 6iara HsnloTHaro poAa 
Moryi-L CJiysHTB A^^a yAOBAeTBopenia coBepmeHHO pasiH^EHXi noTpe6- 
Hocteft: oxoTHHR^ EKleTL, nojiosEMii, 2 xj['b6a, OAHHi ovb ynoTpe6- 
laerB ji,m yAOBieTBopenifl OBoero oo6oTBeHHaro roiOAftf a APJi^St 



88 P70GS0B BOrATCTBO. 

^ito6h HasopMHTB OBOD eodaKj. Him vb TaKorB oxy^ai CjjsjdTh onpe^^ 
XiiflTBCfl i^iBHOOTB xjittia? KaByx) mn KSfrh norpetiHOOTeft HysHo npa- 
sjrTB sa ooHOBBHie, ^to6ii onpeA&iHTB ero i];1hhogtb? Ha aio B. Ba- 
Bepsi ffiL&Tb ojrtffynii^ otb^tb: ^to6u onpeA^JiHTB i^hhootb Rasoro- 
jh6o 6jiara, hjsho onpocsTB oe6a, Kasaa hsi* noTpe6H0CTeft ocrajiacB^ 
6u HejAOBJieTBopeHHofi^ eojiE 6£i mh stoto fijiara mnuuHOB. Ove- 
BHAHo, HejAOBJieTBopeHHofi ocraiaoB 6ii HaEuesie BasHaa noTpe6- 
eootb; eon 6H oxothhk'b noTepajii ojsfiwb H8i AByrs xjtMobi, to ohs 
6h ooTaBEA'B EeyAOBiexBopeEEoft EaEiceEie BaxEyn norpefiEOOTB, ovh 
ocraBEJTB 6h, Bi^poflTSO, oo6aEy 6e8'B eeeui. noaroiiy hoseo oBa- 

SaTB, ^TO I^iEEOOTB EaSXaTO ESI* 2'Tb TMMoVh SaBEOETB SO 0Tb toxil^ 

BasEoft norpefiEOOTE, wa. yAOBierBopeEifl KOTopoft oaeei es'b eeis 
oiysETB (roJOA'B oxoTEEXa), a on MeE&e BasEofi noipefiEocTE (ro- . 
ioA% codasE). TasEMi ofipasoMi E. BaBepx'B epexoaetb k^ oiiAyn- 
meny otimeicy BiiBOAy: ^uftnuocmt usetbcmHaio 6M%a WMUhpsetncj^ 
eaoicHOcmhfo moA KOHxpemHoU nompeSnocmUy nomopajt cpedu nompeff- 
MOcmeUf ydosAemeo'pMMHx^ 9anacoM% 6Aa%% amow pada^ JieM^emcs' 
HauMeune sastcfwio. OoEOBasieirB a^ onpoAiJieEifl i(Iesoote 6jiara 
ESBioTEaro poAa oxysETE eo noxesEooTB BaEoro-j[E6o KOssperEaro 
6iara, a BaHMeEBmaE EOJiesEociB, soTopys) mh EdsieBaeirb ebi Ka- 
xoro-EEtSyAB fiiara dioro poAa. IfthnHocmh 6Mi%a mMnpjiefneM eeMt- 
HUH010 e%o npedfbMbHOit noAesHocmw^. Bb otohb noojrbAEBEB noioaseEiE 
BEKJiD^aeTCfl cyn^ooTB TeopiE i^isEOOTE B. BaBepsa. IIooTOicy Bxa. 
leopifl E sooETB EasBaEie TeopiE npeAijUEoS noJiesEocTE — Grrenznutzen- 
theorie. 

HsciiAyfl BonpoGi, OTb saKExi yojioBifl saBECETB BuooTa npe- 
AtokEot noiesEocTE ESBlcTEaro fijiara, B. BasepKi npoxoASTL k'b 
TOiiy saxjiDHeEii), ito OEa saBECETL otb OTEOmeEiE nexAy nompeS- 
9ibiM^ KOAunecmeoMz u sancicoMh (Bedarf und Deckung). c^Im'b mEpe- 

E EETeEBEBE'ibe EOTpetfEOOTB, T. 6. ^Hli 60XBine KOJE^eOTfiO E EETOE- 

3EBE0CTB noTpe6flooxeS, KOTopufl EyaBAaKTOfl Bi yAOBjreTBopeEiE, m 
H^Wh MeflBme to Eom^ecTBO ejiar'B, botopuitl hju MoseMi* noxBdo- 
BaTBCfl A^ OTofi i^ixE, riwh Bume npoA^BEaE nojiesEocTL, a noTony 
1 I^'&EEOCTB 6jiara. Tax^ xax^ OTEomeEie nesAy ncTpefiEocTBD b'b. 
EBBloTEuxi fixarax'B E Exi* sanacom y pasESixB jidaoS xpafiEe pas- 

lE^EO, TO ES'B 8T0r0 CjAjlJQTh, ^TO OAEO E TO 80 6jL2lVO BliiOTl A'E^ 

pasjm^isuxi xDAeft ooBopmeEEO pasxE^Eyx) cyfixeRTEBEyx) ii;tEE0CTB — 
EBxeBie^ fies'B xoTOparo o^EiEi 6a3n> 6h EeMiioiEiTL. Ho b^a^ ootb^ 
taKifl fiiara, xoTopiiE se ojiysarB npEMO e EenocpeACTBOEEO jvlb 
yAOBJieTBopoEiE ^exoBl^ecsHX'B noTpefiEOcreft, a cxysarB tojibko axs 
xaxBEiftmaro npoESBOACTBa, Eanp., vaniEEii^ opyAiE, yrojiB Ea $a6- 
pEsi, ciipue EaTepiaju e npo^. ^^Wb onpeA^aeTCE ii;tsEocTB otex^. 
(Sxarb? Aifl BTExi (SxarB, kotophe cxysarB yAOBjieTBopsEix) EamEX'B. 
n0Tpe6E0CTefi toabko socboe^he'l o6pa80M^, B. BaBopx'B saEHOTByerB 
y R. MeErepa EasBaEie 62an> cBucmaro exe OTAaxoEEaro nopEAKa»; 
qinaooTB Taxoro 6xara Bucmaro nopEAKa saBECErb orb Tixi se ycxo- 



r 



FAdJUUHfl y^Efilfl AOXOA^ Cb &AJIHTAJIA. 89 



lift, saKi H iffcHHOOTB noTpefiHTeJiBsux'b (iiarB, t. e. otb ero npe- 
XiiBHoft nojiesHocTH HJis OTh saxHooTH ToK norpeOHOOTi, KOTopaa 
cerajutob 6ii HeyAOueTBopeHHofi, eojiH 6h mi juuniUHOB aioro fiiara. 
Taacb Kas% 6jiaro Buemaro nopaAsa, Hanp., HamnHa, a^a naoi BaxHO 
lOiLBO noTOMj, vro npH noMO^H ero hh Moseici npoHSBecTi HSBioTHuir 
iHyrpe6flTejrBHBU[ fijrara, to, o^obvaho, JtHmenie Tasoro Oxara BHomaro 
nopSABA Au Haci ^jbctbhtojibho otojii^ko se, okosbko JumeHie aoTpe- 
daienHuxi 6jiarB, Boropua npi noMon^ ero npoHSBOAflToa. JIsniaflOB 
mnHHH, HH umaoMefl rbTb noTpe6BTejrBHHX'b fiiarx, KoropBUi mu 
Mom 6u npoHBBeoTH npH noMo^H arott xaniHHii. noaroMj hosho 
ensaTB, qro i^iHHOCTb diara Biicmaro nopfl^Ba saBBeHTB BnoiHi otb 
i^ksHOOTH 6jiarB, soTopiifl npn hii nOMoma npoHSBOAflTOii, t. e. otb 
npejcftjBHofi noieBHOOTH noojEbAHEU. 

He TpyxHo savbTflTB, ?to HSJioxeHHHfl oeft^aci BOSspiHifl E. Ba- 
Bopia npflifo npoTHBonojiosfloi tony, ^OMy y^Hia;Hao% ao ohxi nop-B 
BoxHTB^eoBaji axoHOMiii, HaqBHEfl (TB Aa. CiTHTa H KOH^afl PoAfiepty* 
eoiTB H HapBooiTB. Ha BonpocB o Tom, otb ^ero aaBHOHTB i^hhoctb 
Aauaro 6j[ara, noiHTH^eoKaa dBOHOuis oTBinajia: i^hhoctb saBHOHTB 
OTB Toro, oBonBO noTpaqoHO npn npoHSBOAOTBi axoro Qxara patfo^eft 
eEiH, HaTepiaiofi'B h opyAitt npoHSBOACTBa, APyniMH cxoBaiiH otb 
yeiOBift BosHHBHOBeHifl BToro fijiara. CoBepmeHEO npoTB^onojtostmft 
otbItb A&en Ha nooraBjeHHiift Bume Bospoci aBorpiftcBaa noojia h 

BB qaCTHOCTE B. BaBOpBB. He OTB HSAepSeBl npOHSBOACTBa, y^HTB 

B. BasepBB, saBHOErB i^iHflooTB HSBicxHaro 6iara, a naoCopoTB: 
iBAepsBH npoHBBOACTBa, HJiH, TOBopfi cjEOBaiiH B. BaBopBa, fiiara 
BHcmaro nopaAKa caMH nojiyqaK)TB obod i^HHoexB otb BOHenux'B 
norpedHTejiBHiix'B 6jiarB. He fijiara BHomaro nopflABa oapeAtiaioTB 
qkiHOOTB noTpe6HTejiBH£[rB fijiarB, a Hao6opoTB— 6iara Buomaro no- 
pf ABa caMH nojiyqaDTB oi'b noojiiAVHii cbod i^hhogtb. €?to TOBaft-^ 
esoe BiHO He noTOHy i^iHHO, vfo TOBafioBie bhhoipi^hbh otohb i^hhh, 

a HaOfiopOTB BHHOrpaAHHBH nOTOMy HMiVTB dOJEBmyi) I^iHHOCTB, 9X0 
I^HHOOTB HXl npOAyKTOBl BKOOBa — Vb BTOITB HHETO HO 6j]Sfirb OOlf- 

EteafBCfl». 

KpaiEoe EBBjie^eflie, soropoe e oAixajnB ebi teoplE i(i&HEO0TH 

B. BasepBa, 6uio Eeo6zoAEMO. Bb to BpeHE, bbb^b ob to^be spbHia 

PoAOepryoa e MapBca oymeoTBOBanie peHiu e npEfiaBOUoft i^iEHo- 

oni ecTB pesyjuTaTB ESBicTEot $opMH paonpeAfeJieHiE, — ohI, ho hit* 

EHftHin, oyn^eoTByDTB noTOHy, hto co6cTBeESEBE sexejiB h opyAift 

JipoESBOACTBa 6epyTB y HenoqpeAOTBeESHX'B npOESBOAEieieS qaoTB 

poEBBeAeBEfiix'B EME HpoAyBTOBi, — 01 TO^BE spbEifl B. BasepBa 

DOEOzosA^Hie AOzoAa ob sanExaia oBEsaHo cb BoseraHOBJieEieHi nfm- 

Km HpoAyBTOBi. cHpofijieMMa AOxoAa vb BanEraia, roBopsTB B. Ba- 

dpBfB, eOTB Vb BOEe^SOK'B OOHOBaHiE HpofiieMHa I^EEOCTH'. Bl ^OM'B 

iBjnDTOeTGE 8Ta OBESB MOBAy npoEoxoEEAeEieirB i^socte e AOxoAa 
b lanETaia, — bto beaeo 6yAeTB esi AAEBEi&maro. 



90 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 



yn. 

OoHOBHafl HABfl, KOTopaa npoxoj^HTB repeal Bce bto y^eHie B. Ba- 
BepKa Aoxo^i oi KanHiaia, sasuiffi^aeTOfl bo BJriaHiH epeMenu sa 
xoaaicTBeHHHfl flBjreHifl. Hacmonvm Cmxay roBopin-B B. BasepKi, no 
oStueMy npaeuAy Cojme urhHWA^ HihMh CydymiH 6Aaxa manoio nice poda 
u KOAUHecmea. 3to nojiosefiie, npH6aBJiaeTb B. BaBepRi, ecTb a^^po 
H qeHTpajibHufi njHKTB Teopia Aoxo^a ci KanHiajia, KOTopyi) a aa- 

Mipeai H8I0SBTB. 

C'b nepBaro Bsrjuaixa oro jTBepa^eiie B. BaBepKa KasoToa cosep- 
meHHO napaAOKoauaHHi. Xns. naoi^ ooBepmeaHo aenoaaTHo, KaKoe 
OTaomeaie Moaserb aaiTB <Bpe]ia> ei xosaioTBeaaHM'B aBJieaiaiTB bo- 
o6a^e a ki aoxoat oi xanaTaJia bi» HaciaocTa. Ho ae 67AeMi» satii- 
raxb Baepe^i; 67^6111 cjri^AoaaTB sa B. BaBepson a aooaoTpnirB, Kas'b 
obi» AoaasuBaeTB oaoe nepaoe ooaoaaoe noioseaie. Oai nepe^aoiaeri 
Tpa upaqBBH, soiopua onoco6oTByK>TB Toay, ^ToCii aaoroan^ia 6jiana 
aaiia fiojiBmyD i^bootb, ^!kwh o^aaaKOBHa CjAyn^a 6i[ara. <nep- 
Baa ooaoBaaa npa^aaa, aoTopaa BHauBaeTB pasiaqie bi i^aaoora 
aacToaniax'B a 6yAyniaxi fijiari, aaEJiDqaeToa vhpasMmu omHotueHiA 
Meoicdy nompeSHtAMz KOjm^cmeoMz u sanacoMz Vb pasase nepioxH 
Bpeaeaa. HaoToaaqa 6j[ara noj[yiai)Ti> cbod i^iaaocxB, z&srb asBi^orao, 
OTB oTBomeaia neas^y norpedafiucB Kou^ecxBoirB a sanacon vb aar 
CToanqfi nepioffi, 6yAyI^ia 6jiara — gtb aioro oTaomeaia bi 6yAynafi 
nepio^Bf Kor^a btb 6j[ara nepettAyTL vb aame paonopaseaie. Eoaa 
96i[0BiK'B aHieTB wb aacToaa^ee apeaa ooo6eaayD ays^y bi» asaft- 
ciauxi fiiarax'L axa bi» fijiaraxi Boo6a^e, xeawy i^>(i sasi oai aa- 
AioTca, HTO Bi aaaoft aB6yAB fiyAyn^ift nepiOAB Bpeaeaa obi» fiyAen 
ropasAo 6ojAe ofiesae^eai, TorAa oai aaaicTaoe aoJiaqeoTBO 6jiarB, 
KOTopuHa oa'B HoaserB oeft<iaoi» pacnopasaTbca, 6yAeTB FopasAO Bsaie 
i^aaTB, ilm Taaoe ase KomeoTBO 6yAyntaxi 6iarB. 

Boi jiiDAa, BuoTynannue 6e8'B cpeACTBi aa aaRoe jrafio noapaate, 
^lyaunejua aoayccTBa aia OeaaAn, aauaann^ie aeAasa, ^aaoBaaaa 
ajiB KOMMepcaarn, Aerao a oxorao oorjiamanTca sa KaayK) aafiyAB 
cyHMy Teaepemaaxi fijian, aoTOpua noaoryrB arb Baaoa^BTB aaqa- 
Toe o6pa80Baaie am yapinaTS OBoe xosaftoiBeaaoe nanoaseaie, o6i- 
a^aib aecpasaeaao 6oJU>myx) oyaiiy, eoia tojibko uwb aysao fiyAers 
ee BoaapaTaTB nocjr6 Toro, Raai oaa 6yA;rB noiy^aTB 6oj[bme f/y 

XOAH». 

Kpoai oefiqaoi ysasaaaofi npaqaau eoTB eme jifii Apyria, ROTopiui 
AificTBynn vb tohi se aanpaajieaia cb ea^e tosbmeio oaioD, t. e. 
oat Taase onooofioTBynTL TOay^ ^to aacioaa^ia 6iara i^aaxoa Aopoxa 
CyAyn^axi. OAaa aai aiaxi npaqaai laoro noaxojEorB^eGKaro xapai^ 
lepa: vb oajiy pasia^fflKXi noaxojfora^eoKBX'B ooaoaaailt leAoatsii 
npaAaeTB 6yAyn^BM'B npiaTauHi, aaax a aenpiarauM'B, oa^ya^eaiairb 
ropasAO Heabmee saa^eaie, niwb aaoroaatairb; ojniAOTBieMi oroio 



PA.3jm?HBia yqEHifl o Aoxo^fi ci kajotajul. 91 

aBJiE0f€fl TO, "TTO fiyffynufl 6iara, flBunoiiuiicfl opeACTBaHH si yxoBie- 
XBopeHii) EanxHTB 67^71111x1 noTpefiHOoieft, kh laKse i^hotb hhso, 
qtiTB BaoTOffiiqfl. «Mh OHOTOMaTi^ecKi oi^siBaeirB hhseo Hanni 67- 
j!jms. norpefiHOOTH Tono laKi se, Kasi h cpeAcrsa, BeA7injbi ki htb 
ysoBieTBopeHii). 8to ^stl 07niecTB7X)]iat, B^'aioinb bAtl HHKasoro 
tiomr&Eifl; npaB^a, 7 paBuqHux'B nai^OHaiBHOOTefi, bi paan^HHxi 
BOBpaoTait, 7 pasHiiTL hhahbha77mobi ohx BOipi^aerofl vb KpaftHe 
paaiH^oft oreneHi. CamuiL piaBHirL o6pa80irb aion ^ann B£iot7- 
aaeTi> y jritefi h 7 AHKapeft. ^ifl ehxi canoe Maioe 7A0B0iB0TBi6» 

eciH T04BEO OHO X0X6TB 6sTB HOHUTaHO &*& HaCTOfllQit HOHeHTB, 6o- 

rle BasHo, ^mi oamui ohjilhhji h iipoji(OJ[»iTeja>HUfl 7A0B0J[B0TBifl | 

BTB GyiymeiTL. Bi 6offbe MarKott oreneHH aia c2a6ooTB, sasi a evfao J 

yTBepx^aT^, HHIL0M7 ho ^7SAt^ A&sd caH0M7 npeA70M0TpiT6J[BH0][7» ] 

safioTJiBBovy h TBepA0M7 ?eiOBiR7>. i 

EeHi.-BaBepK'L 7Ka8UBaeTL, HaBosei^, en^e ipeTLD iipnHH7,Tex- ; 

EH^ecEaro xapasTepa, xoTopan A^flcTB7erB b'b toitb so HanpaBiOHii, .| 

T< e. Be^BTB K'B T01C7, ^TO HaoTOfliipfl 6jKara i^BBTOfl BBime 67Ayn;Hxi. l 

£ SQ 6yAy ooTaHaBjniBaTBCfl la pa86opi dioS npH^HHu, tbe'l ebki 9to ), 

OTBiBEJia 6bi HacB cjramBoirs b'b oroposy. CKasy toibko^ tto axa npn- !^ 

lasa lexiOTecBaro xapaBTopa HaxoAHToa bi obash go BsruAoirB 5. ^ 

EaBepKa na oyn^HOOTb KanHTaiHOTH^eoKaro opoHSBOACTBa, flHOHHO, ^to | 

TorB npoi^eocB 6ojit6 npoHSBOAHrejiesi, soTopHt conpaseH-b 01 6ojib- ^ 

men BOTepeD BpeaeHH, KOTopufi onHcuBaerL AiasHHe, oRonHue nyra. 
PeayjuLiaTOJii Toro, hto Boi jid^h cy6ieETBBH0 i^tHflTL Haoroaniifl 
Clara Bsme 6yKyniHX'B, aBJUieioa to, tto HacToamia 6iara HirbnTB 
Boofin^e BHcmyi) ]r&H0Byi> i^iEHooTB h fiojniinyD pHBouyx) i^ay, ^iirb 
fiji^ynUM 6j[ara. 

A oqHtan aysHUM'B noApo6Ho nepoAaTB BsraaAH B. BaBopKa aa 
OTBonieHie Hes^y i(1hhootbd nacToanpEXi a fiyxyn^ax'B fijian, Taarb 
KaEii aio oooTaBiaoTB ooaoBy Bcero ero yieaia aoxoaI 01 Kanaraia* 
€EoT60TBeHHoe paaiiH^e BmiaaocTH aacToan^Hxi a GyAyn^axi fixan, 
roBopHTL B. BaBepBi, ecxB HCTO^aa&x, aai KOToparo (iepoTB aa^axo 
BcaEiB AoxoAib CB KanBTaia». Kbk'b oai 8to AOKasuBaen? SAioB mh • 

Qojtxoj^BiTB EB rjmBHOMy nyaEiy ero xeopiH. 

06a-lH% aacToamax'B djiarb aa 6yAyiiUa, roBoparB B. BaaepEi* 

ooBepmaeica vb pasiaiaoft ^opai, dToay cooTBlTOTBynTB a pasjia^- 

HHH ^opMH, vh EOTopnxi npoaBiaoToa aoxoaib 01 Eanaraia. IIOGjrbA- 

Eifi npoaBiaerca vb TpexB rjiaBHUxib BHAaxi: 1) aoxoai oi sanaraaa, 

QTAaBaeaaro Bsaftim, 2) aoxoab cb Eaiurraia, Eoropuft asBxeEaerB 

^peAirpHHsaaTexB, 3) aoxoa'b cb tbe'b aasKBaemix'B nooroaaauxrb 

^arx, T. e. Taaaxi, EOTopHa norpefijiaDToa ae cpasy, a HOAieaao a 

:ocTeneaao, aanp., aoxoai* 01 seaejiB, AoaoBi a t. n., npome roBopa, 

ipeaAaaa a aaeaaaa niaTa. B. Baaepai oiapaerca AOEaaaTB^ ito, ae 

taorpa aa paaia^aiia ^opioi bcIx'b axaxi bbaobi AoxoAa cb Eaiia- 

axa, aesAi^ A^toTByerB OAaa a la ace npa^aaa: pasuqie aesAy qba- 



92 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

Hoenn HaoTOfln^rB e 6jjs,jmjrrb 6iarL. OoraHOBHMOfl npe^^^e Boero 
Ha Aoxoffi vb saoHTaia, OTAaBaeMaro Bsaftmi. 

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ero OAHOA^eBfttro TpyAa, a tojbbo 2 ryjEBAesa; ocTaxBSHe 998 ryur 
ABEOBB oo^iaIEOTE1eoRO0 o6n^6CTBO cRiBAeTB ce6ft BB RapiiaEB, URB 
EacTOflnyJl AOXOAB ob RaHETaj[a», 

«Miii TaREiTB o6pa8oilB npEXOAEMB— roBopETB B. EaBepvB— Rl BS- 
Mi^aToxBEOiiy pesyiBTary, AOOTofiHOMy BEExaflifl. Jipnojcb ob RanETaia, 
ROTopufi ooi^iaxEom TenepB Rxefiiiflrb, rbri BRonjiyaTaipD, RaRB rpar 
6earB no oTEomeEin kb npoAyRTaMB TpyAa, arorB aoxoab He no^m- 
EBTB H BB coi^aiEOTHqeoROMB rocjAAP^nTB^i HanpoTEBB, oaico coqiaxK- 
cTE^eoRE opraEEBOBaEsoe o6n^ecTBo ooTasETB ero bb noxEOfi OEXi, 

E BB BTOft nOXEOfi OEXt OEIb AOXXBEB 6UTB COXpaEBEB*. dTElTB S 

BaRBHqEBai) EBXOsesie BBrxEAOBi B. BaBepRa Ea aoxoab ob Ranflraia 
fl nepexosy rb wxb oi^taRi. 



VABJOnSUa, y^HIfl O AOXOA^ C1» KAnHTAIA. 97 



Bonpoei, soTopuft nooraBEi'B ce6i BeHi BasepEi, on cairs $op- 
ujSEpoBaJFb Qxkff,. o6pa80M%: comx^()a u noneMy (woher und wartm) 
Kanumojmcfm noj^ynaerm nocmoMUMutl npumotch ffAan (CrOtenfuflussy 
6e9h ecjttcato mpyda ch ceoeH emopoHu?* B'b bthxi ojioBax'By roBopm 
B. BasepKi, saunueroii TeopoTE^eosafl iip66ieMMa aoxoaa ctb xanv- 
mia. fl AT^aD, ^no j^a. Boauro, kto BEHRHen Vb dron Bonpoei Vb 
TOl ^pirb, KaKi on nooraBxeHi^ B. BaBepKon, acho oraHerb, tto 
vb WBWh xasi 6h ooBirtn^anTOfl 2 qaoTE^HBixi Bonpooa: 1) cofnxyda> 
H 2) €noHeMy^. JlfifPEXK ojioBaiiH, syxHo npes^e boobd OTBiTHiB Ha 
Bonpoci, omnyda npoHOXo^an rb 6iara« KOTopiu nona^aDn vb pyn 
xanflTancTOBi, xaai ohh BosHBKanrB, r^i BcroviHn hxi npoHO- 
xosA6Hiji, a sarbirb hjsho OTBiTHTB Ha Bonpoci <fiMeMy», — oo^eHf 
6iara, Tas'B hsh EEa^e npoHSBeAeHHHH, noorynaDro hhohho vb pyu 
xanHTaxicTOBi. 

3HaK0MH0b Biime o% jiOHiflKH PoAtiepryoa h MapKca, HerpyAHO 
6u4o saMiTHTB, vso OHH A^DTB OTBiiH Ha o6a 8TH BOHpooa. Ha 
Boopoci €0TKyAa», hbi Raxoro Horo^EHsa nojiyuDToa 6jiara, nocry- 
nasnpH vb pysH KanHTajutoTOBi, ohh OTBi^aiH: Oaiara, nooTynanH^ 
n pyjsH BaiorraiHOTOBi, nojry^aDTOH, oTTy^a se, oTBy^a nojiynaDTca 
Bcasui Apyna (Siara, nocrynaDnpH vb pyxH Apyi'Hxi RJiaccoBi 
ofimecTBa. Ohh BOSHHsanTE, 6jiaroAapH npoHSBOAorsy, HX*b hctovhekomi 
eiyxHTB Tpyx^. Ha BonpocTB <]io9eMy>, ohh otbAtoih: npHrana Jie- 

MBTb Vb HBBiOTHOft OpraHHSBIliH XOSflfiOTBa, KOTOpaH BHSA^Cfl Ha 

YaoTHOft co6oTBeHHOcTH Ha Benno h opyAifl npoHSBOAOTBa; KaHHTaiHoru 
noTOMy HMtDn bosmoshoctb noJij^aTB aoxoa^ 6em BOHxaro Tpy^a oi 
OBoeS CTopoHH, ^0 B'B TSTb jujzdkTb HaxoAflTOfl opyAlfl npoHBBOAOTBa; 

OHH nOBTOMy HViDTB BOBHOSHOOTB HUTHTB paSo^OTHl MOHBHie TOfO, 
^6 OHB HSBIOKanTB npH VTb nOHOnpi, ORH HH^nfTb B03H0XH0GTB 

aaoraBJifli^ pafio^xi ipyAHTBCfl Aonme Toro, croibko twb nyxHO au 
BoonpoHSBeAOHiii cBoefi pa6o^eft niaTii. O^obhaho, ^-toibro sth ABa 
OTBira, bbhtho Birbert, paspiinanTB Baoini, bi i^ooth, BonpocB 
xoxoaA 01 Ramrraia wb tomi bha^, RaRB owb ^opnyjinpoBavB 

OaHHITB B. BaBOpROlTB. 

npHCHOTpHMCH upesAo Bcoro Ri TOMy, RaRoft OTBin ff^erb 
B. BaBepR'B na BonpocB «omfcyda». Hto otbItb B. BasepRa noRyo- 

erBOHB, ^BRTHBOHl, ^TO Vb HeiTB SaRJIDqaeTOfl HO HOROHafl HOTHHa, 

I I ORopie co$H3H£i, o6;[e^eHHiie bb nayuji) ^opvy, — - xanoBO, 
I lepBOe, HenoopeACTseHHoe Baeqaurbnie, Roropoe nojiy^aoTB BOHRit 
leenpHOTpaoTHuS ^HTaTeiB. Booohhhhi, vb obmom^ A^rt, RaRB 
5. BaBopRib pasplmaeTB Bonpooi o npH6EUH npeAnpHHBHaTejiff, TaRB 
UkRi BTO eaMtift RopsHHoft BonpocTB B'B y^enis o aoxoa^ cb RanaTaia. 
DpnCiuB npeAnpEHBMaTeu, roBopHTB B. BaBspR'B, BOSHHRaerB He 
is'B <AeHieBoi» saRyflRH pa6o?efi chjiu, a o^ohb iipooTO. Owb sany* 

^ H 9. Orx^fcn I. 7 



98 P7CCK0B BOrATCTBO. 

naeTB Ha puHE'l vaTepiajtH, opyji^ifl, a Tanse pa6oHUi ohjiei no srs 
HacToamet i^iii, ohx njiaTHTB sa hhxi ho Menme, ^itb ohh otohtb. 
Boi saKjnjueHHHJi hitb tfjiara Be ro^flTCfl A^a HenocpoAGTBeHHaro no- 
TpefiieHifl, OHH HoryTB cjiysiTb TOjaRO KOOBeHHUinb o6pa80irB, nocjii 
Toro, saRi OHH 6jji,jTb iipeo6pa30BaHH si jffOBieTBopeHii) ^ejiOBi^- 
^eoKBZ'B noTpednoorefi; noaroiiy sab m lOBapn oytB tojibbo «6yAy- 
nqa 6j!ara>, ohh touko vb SydymeMz 6jjsjrh oiysHTB ^eioBi'ie- 
cxHiTB noTpedHOOTHH'B. CKOjn&xo-se npexnpHHHMaTeiB ^omewb HJia- 
THTB sa 8TH <6yAyHUe» TOBapK? 

KoHeno, MeHBme Toro, ^ro owb oaiTB hbi hhxi nsBie^en ny- 
wwb npoHSBOxoTBa, TaKi KaKi vb CHJiy o6maro daKOna 6yAynue to- 
BapH MOHie i^^HHH, ^wb HacToan^e. H, AMcTBHTOJirBHo, npeAnpHHH- 
MaTeiB ujiaTHTB sa hbii venBine, qiirb ohi oam HSBie^en bsi 
BTHn «6yAynpnx» 6jiarb. Hy a KaK'B-se BcetasH BOSHHKaerb npH- 
(Seub? Oaa BosHHEaen, roBopHTB 5. BaBepRi, twb pyKaxi npoA- 
npHBHMaTejra». <£ro 6yAyH^ie TOBapH co3piBaK)TB no nipt Toro, 

KaKl npOH8BOACTBO HA6TB BnopOAl, H OHH CTBHOBaTCH HaOTOflHlHHH 

TOBapaan; Buiorb n Tin h i^hhootb hxi pooierb h aocth- 
raoTB ypoBHH i^iHHOCTH naoToan^HXi TonapoBi... Toxb Toay aa- 
saffB OHH (saKynjieHHua 6j[ara) 6euh en^e <6yAyn^HUH T0BapaMH>, 
a noToay ohh ^ojoosu 6b[jih i^iHHTBoa hhbko, TenepB ohh Birojiat 
spijoie nacToanpe Toaapu h HMlooTb nosToay fiojiBmyn ^iHHOOTB... 
Oahhh'b cjiOBOMi no Mlpi Toro, xaEi Bpeaa haotb BnepeA^, TOBapu 
nocTenoHHo AooTHraDTB noxHofl i^hhocth EaoToaix^HX'B ToaapoBi. 
9moim npupoetm mMmocmu u eem^ npudtiJi^t Ch nanumoAay. 

A He ATMan, ^o6u namejica TaKOft aanBHHfi ^iHraxe^rB, KOTopbift 
yoMOTpin-6ii vh 8tomi> o(h>acHeHiH ae to, ^to pacKpurie Bensoft 
npofijieKHH, HO Aase t^hb hcthhh. Bi cuioai a^jtI, mosho-jlh Haftra 
xoTB i4hb nojiosarejiBHaTo Haynaro oOiacaeHia vb aeonpoAtJieHHHX'B, 
HeaoHHX'B, TyaaHHHX'B BiipaseHiaxi vb poAiioro, ^m npaCHA bob- 
HHsaetB cBi pysaxi npeAnpHHHMaTeu», ^o 6yAynue toaapH oo- 
BpiaanTB «oi» Te^enieMx BpeaeHHi, ^to npHpoorb i^hocth octb 
npH6iijn» GT> saHHTajia? IIpaBAa, B. BasepKi AomeJTL ao 8thxi» ^hk- 
THBHHX'b BUBOAOBi AOBOJiBHO aoBRO H yaljio. Cbohhh padoysAeHiHMa 
aa CHOTB cyfiieKTaBBofi i^hhooth, na o^erB TOro, ^rro «iiiHHOCTb 
Boo6n](e ne npoHSBOAHTca a ae MOserB npoa3BOAaTBca», ^to oaa po- 
OTBTB nocxeneHHo tyb Teqenieai apeaeEH, ovb noAroroBHJTB HHraiejia 
xo BOHxaHi aeosHAaHHooraai. Ho ^iHTaTeiB, RoropHtt ooxpaHHn 3a 
oo6on XOTB Heanoro rphthxh, AOJiseai BceiaRa aoAoyaiBaTB, xorAa 
R BaBepai xoa^aerb TopsecTBeaaHH'B bhboaohx: <npapoorB i^ta- 
aooTa a ootb upnCvuai oi xanBTaia». Aa aaai-se Tani? BonpomaerB 
^orraTeJOb. ^onycTaai, hto i^iaaooTB ootb noaarie ucio oy6'BeRTaBaoe, 
asateHaBoe, AOnyoravB, iro oaa moxctb pooth vb Te^eHiea'b Bpe- 
aeaa, ao b^a^ npa6HaB-T0y npafiuiB, aoTopyi) RjiaAerb bi RapaaaiB 
npeAnpaaaaaTOJCB, b^ab -oaa to oooraBxaen ai^ro peanaoe a oca- 
aaeaoe, oaa caaonpoasBoaBao ae sapoauaeTca a npoasBOiBao ae po* 



r 



PASIH^HUa y^EBIfl AOXOA-B Cl SAnHTAJU. 99 



«ieTB. nyoBafi npexupmsMaTeiL sasyaaen okoibko jtoaho ^tfyxy* 
maxb TOBapoB%», ■ opyxifi, v KanrasB, h MaiepiaiOBix, nyoBiA 
Aepssn owb bxb y oeCfai bi aii6apan okoabo yroxHo BpeiiesH^ 
« Toi^ffa nocMorpiirB, AttoTsnenHo-jH 6yxyTB <oo8piBaTb> sth fiy^y- 
Diie TOBipH, H MHoro-n npB6iuni <BiipooTen» xu npexnpHuiiaTeu. 
Bon eoiH6H Tasie omrm yxaineb, Tor^a iio9kho 6hio-6h ooria- 
«Bz&<ui n B. BaBepKOKi, hto npB6axb BHTeKaen hbx ajieMeHTap. 
nm CBoterB's leJioBtieoxoft npHpo^H h ^ojoBi^eoKaro xoaflflOTBa* 

Bnpo^en, 6. BaBepKi oam ^BOTByen, ^vro bi ero pasoya^e- 
Biflxi eoTB maa*To HexoroBopeHHoOTB^ hto ohh 8aMajnHBa»n oaifoe 
nsBEoe. <KoKevo, roBopm B. Baaepra, xn Toro, hto6h 6yxyii(it 
fOBapL npeBpaTBJiofl bi Haeroflinift, HexooraTono, ^to6h Bpeiia npo- 
xoxuo, wto6u 6yxyii^ee orajio Haorojin^nrB. Tpe6yeTCfl TaKSe, too6h 
•tfxara He ooTaBanoB Ka oxhomi irtorb. Ohs xojuxhh oi OBoett oto* 
poHH nepelTH Ty nponaoTB, KOTopaa oTxtiflerB hxi otb Haotoflmaro^ 
a BTO ooBepmaeTefl HMeHHo nyreirb opoHSBoxoTBa (HaBOHei^-To!), 
BOTopoe npoBpamaen hxi HS'b 6jiarB OTxaieHiaro nopaxsa btb sptnie, 
lOTOBHe npoxyxTH. Bi npoTBBHOM'B oxynai, eon mi oeraBueirB 
lesaTB KanHTan MeprBHin, Torxa npoiSBOxneJiMfifl &i»ra ooraDTOJi 
la Boerxa MeH'be i^Ihshme 6yxyn(HifH (SjiaraicH. 

H Taxi, npoHBBOxoTBol Bon tb obu, Koropaa npeBpan^ien c6y. 
xyHiLe TOBapH» vb Hacroantfe, KOTopaa sanojUHflen nponacTb, otx^ 
nmmyi) 6j]sjmfie on HaoToan^aro. Eon ffkio BoerasH, bi sohi^ 
xosKOBi, He ofizoxHTOfl 6eai npoHsaoxcTBa, to sa^lM'b-aBe eiry HysBH 
6hxh BOflKifl TeMHiifl H HeflOHUfl paseysxeHifl Ha oqerB BziBitia mo- 
HOHTa «BpeifeHH», Ha oqen <npHpooTa», €008piBamji> h npo^.? 

Ho aroro naio. KopeBHoft h caimfl rjiyfioxit HexooraTOKi Boixi 
wavb pasoyxxemtt h bhboxobi B. BaBepxa JiesHn vb tomx, hto ohh 
ooBepnieHHO MaoRHpynn HBJieHiA xUerBBTeuHot shbhh, ohh 8»- 
xanHBann oaxyi) oyniHOOTB Hsyqaevaro flBJieHiH. CsBoab TyMani^ 
xoTopinrB B. Baxepxi oxpysaen obohbuboah, ipyxno, hjh Bipnte 
^xaaaTb hobobkosho, pascHoTptrb xopexB, oonoay Taxoro Baaxnaro exo- 
HoiEHTOoxaro flBjeniB, xaxi aoxoxi» ci xaoHTajia: OTHomeHJH Mea^y 
TpyxoifB H xanxTasoMii, 6opb6a hx'b HHTepeooBi, yqaoTie Toro h xpy* 
roro Bi» paoapexi^eHiH, Boe bto xaxi 6yxT0 ho Hxien HHxaxott obhbh 
«& y^emeMi o xoxox'i^ oib xanHTajia. TiqeTHo mk oTaneMi HOxaTb bi 
yieniH B. Banepxa OTBiTa, HanpHMipi, Ha Taxoft Bonpooi: xaxfB 
Biixen Ha npH6suB npexapxHHHaTeJifl yxraHenie pa6o?aro xhh? Ka- 
aajioeb'tiii, ^o B. BaBopxy, Taxi ghibho HanHpanmeicy na pon 
HOMeHTa epcMenu vb HapoxHOMX xoaatoTBi, oxople Boero oiixoBaio- 
6u yxiuTB fleiCHoro BHRMama sroMy n)6onuTH0icy BOHpooy. 

BropoM HBi nooraBieHHfixx Binne BonpoooBi, a HireHHo: noHM/y xa- 
HHTaiHOTunojiT^annnooTOHHuifi XOXOX'b oi xanxTaJia, xaxuiyoioBifl 
Aiiann xu hhxi bobmoshuhi noxoOHoe noflyqenie? wh y^eniH B. Ba*- 
Bepxa ooTaeroH ooBOtni 6e3i» OTBiTa. Bb caHoui x^^i Boe y^exie 
B. Baaepxa o xoxoxt cb xanxraia cboxhtoh xi Tony, ^to <6yxyndie 

7* 



/ 



100 PFGGKOB BOPATCTBO. 

TOBapsi noorenesHo cospiBanrB h oraHOBflTCfl noraoi^HHHifE HaoToa-- 
mHUH TOBapaMH>, vto Aoxo^r^ 01 saaflTaia BHreRaerB mvb <]ipE^ 
pooTa niBsomw* h t. n. ?to oth ofiiflOHeHia TyiiaHHH, HOKjccTBeHHiT^^ 

qfO OKH MaOKHpjDTB ABXeHifl fiifiCTBHTeJIBHOt SH3HE, Ha 8T0 fl OOt- 

uoi jKaaaji'b. Ho AonyoTHKi Aase, ^to ohh npaBHiBHH, ^lo ohm, 
AiSoTBHTOJiBHo, paoKpHBavTB HdiTb HOTo^HHrL npoooxosAOHifl Aozoxa 
vh KanHTaia, ho BiA& 9to en^e jifiaew ho Honni OTBin Ha bo- 
npoei, KOTopuft nooraBHin ce($i oam B. BaoepRi. Aohjcthitb, too 
6iara, nooT7naI)^^JI vb pju KainTajiH0T0B'&, A^ftoTBHrejiBHo^ boshh- 
lanTL, tfjiaroAapfl cnpspoory i^hhocth>, ho bIab mh bob lau ooTa- 

eHCfl KL HeHSBiOTHOCTH 0TH06HT6J1BH0 TOrO, nOHCMy 8TE fijiara HOOTJ- 

naDTB HM6HH0 Vh uoxhsj KanHTaJiHCTa, a ho vb jlojobj soro-joiifio 
Apyroro, no^eMy TOBapif ooaptBanrb Ha noiBs j KanHraiHoroB'B, a ne 
Ha nojiBay lixi, KOTopiie npHjosHJiH oBofi Tpy^i na hxi nponsBOA- 
GTBO, novelty, roBopn oioBaiui E. BaBopRa, btotb npHpoon i^hho- 

OTE, 8T0 COBpiBaHle tjAJTOMTb TOBapOBl HpOHCXOAHTb €6h pyKOXk- 

BanHTaiicTOBi»? 

HanpaoHO ms oraHein HORaTL OTBiia na btotb Bonpooi Wh yie- 
HiH B. BasepRa. HeiBaa se vh oaMOHi> ^^i cuTaTb nay^HCiHi o6%- 
HOHenieHi TyMaHHHfl j^pass vh po^i npHBexeHHiixi Biune yxBop- 
SAOHiA, TOO «i^HHooTB pooTOTB vh pyRaxi npeAiipHBHMaTeieit , 
Hn TOO cRanHTaJiHOTB cpuBaeTi 6yAywe TOBapn noojrb Toro, saai 
nooilAHie ooapiBaDrb wh ero pyRaxi ao noJiHoi^inHurb HaoTOflH^Hxi. 

T0Bap0B%>. 

YIII. 

Bi yqeniH B. BasepKa^ BHsy is^kxsA pflA% onratioRi, ^acTO rpy- 
OHX'b H HenpooTHTenHux'b. IIocTapaDOB paoRpHTb noerenoHHo oAHy 
sa ApyroD. 

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9B TOMi, TOO offB HOCTpoHfli o6iflCHeHie AOXOAa CB RamrraJia na. 
oydiORTHBHOfi TeopiH i^tflHOOTH. Hsojr&AOBaTejiB, crponiQitt oboh 061- 
HCHOHifl TaRoro BasHaro SHSHeHHaro HBioEifl, RaRi aoxoai cb Kann- 
Taxa, Ha HCHxoiorHqecRoft TeopiH i^hhocth, saRm^aniqefi bb oe6& 
TaRi MHoro HeonpoAiieHHaro h RasyHOTH^eoRaro, aoisohb h6H86&kho 

HpiflTH R% HORyCCTBOHHHli'B H ^HRTHBHUHl BKBOAaMB. 

npHCMOTpHMCfl, Wh OaHOM'B A'i^i fi^HSO Vh TOlTf, RaRB B. BaBOpRl 

vojBByeTOfl oBoefi ncnxojiorH^eoRott Teopien i^hhooth am ofiBHCHe- 
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vaTopiaiu, opyAifl h bb ^aoTHooTH pa6o^ifl ghjiii. 3a Boi bth TOBapu 
owh AOixeH'B HJiaTHTB MeHBme, ^xb oh'b nomojua HSBjre^ePB nai hhxb 
nyreiTB npoBSBOAOTBa,— bto ecTeoTBOHHoe ciiAOTBie ycTanoBieHHara 
HH% ofin^aro npHHiiHna i^tHHooTH, too fiyAynoe TOBapii Hente i^iHHEi, 
^vh HacTOflii^e. Ho B. BanepRi ne orpaHH^HBaeTca othmh a6* 



PASJinqHHfl y^EHIfl O AOXOA^ Cl EAnETAJU.. 101 

'OTpaiTVBUiH BHBOAavH; owb oiapaoTOH npoAoraBflTb btotl oSirikHi 67^7- 
vsjaif TOBspaBi Ha Hacroflu^ie fb 6oite soHRpeTHoft #opirft, lasi, 

San OH'B Ha pUHKi BI ;^fi0TBflT6JIBH0CTH npOHCXOAHTL. Ofl'B sejiaoTB 

npHxan, KaKi ohi» BupasaeToa, obohici atfoTpaRTHHirB BUBOxaMi 
peauHiu c^opMu* h «spacKH». 

H npHBOAy WUL HXJIH)CTpa^iH OAHHl TOJIBKO npiMipi); OH'B M- 

caemi Toro opHrsHaxBHaro oOviHa, KoropHt npeAapHHHMaTeiB B. Ba- 
Bepsa eoBepmaen i^a pHHBt, o6iitHHBafl Haeroamifl 6jnra na tjjsj- 
mjA TOBapi, T. e. na pa6oq7D ohij. <fl Ewtob vb bhaj AOsasaiBv 
roBopHTB B. Basepn, no^eny puHo^HaH i(feHa npoHSBOAHTOJiBHaro 
(iiara €Tp7AB> Bcerxa AOJiSHa 6utb HHse, t^itb i^iHHOOTB h i^tea 
roioBaro npo^yKia dToro TpjAa». KaK'B so owb bto xoKasHBaen? 
npe^noiosHM^y roBopHTB B. BaBopR'B, nro npn HUHiaiHei pasBHiot 
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BHXB, sp&mxB npoffyKTOBi*. npH Tauxi xnHHHXii npienaTB npo- 
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sopoTSHX'B TexHHieoRHX'B npieHOBB, sa TO H pesyxBTaTH 6yAyTB ice- 
Hie 6jiaroiipiflTHH: npH TpexMiofluoirb HpoHBBOAOTBi o^Ha pafiovaii 
HOAixH A^OTB, nojiosHiTB, posyjiBTaTb BB 5 ryjKBAenoBi, npH <MOMeH- 
TaxBHOMi opoHBBOACTBi fiesi KanHTajia> pa6o?afl nexiffii pfievb pe- 
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Be^eTB Bci 8TH pascysAema? A botb kb neuj. Ha pHHBi, roBopnrB 

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SaVB eiOSHilHOB 060T0flTeJKB0TBa Vb COBpeHeHXOH'B HapOXHOMX XOBflt- 

oTBi, pa6o^le ho^th HHRorAa He HMinrB AOOTaio^io cpeACTB^t ^Tofiu 
yiioTpefiHTB oBofi TpyffB FB npoAOisHTOJiBHoirB, HHorojriiTHeMi npo- 
iBMACTBt. Hhb npoAOTOHTB cji['6AyK)n^aH aiBTepnaTHBa: hih npoAaxB* 
«Bott TpyAB, HXH-se ynoTpe6aTB ero sa cBoft oofioTBeHHufi c^en na 
HenpoAonHTeJiBHHoe h jcaio npoHBBOAHTejiBHue npoii[ec(iii, RaKie hitb 
noraoxflBTB nxx oRyAHiiH cpeAOTBa. Ohh, ecreoTBeHHo, Bu6epyTB to, 
iTd A^fl HExi BHTOAHie. Tt pa6oqie, cxlAOBaTejiBHo, ROTopHe Aoora- 

TO^HO COCTOflTeiBEH, ^TtoCu npeAQpHHBTB Ha OBOi C^OTB TpexMiofl^- 

HUt npoHSBOAHTenHHit npoi^eoci cb aoxoaomi bi 5 rynAOHOBi vb 
HextxDt Ti, npH BoaBOft qiHi TpyAa, Koropaii BHme 5 ryjfBAenOB'B bb 
HeA^xn, oRopie HpoAaAyii* OBofi TpyA^, npn BOflRofi i^Hi hhso 5 
ryjEBAOHOBi CRopie yiiOTpe6flTB ero na oo6oTBeHHoe hpohsboaotbo. 
^aSoHie-oice, Komopue coeqmeHuo ue UMfMomz cpedcmet, nomojme 
JUKnytnz npednpunjimh na ceoil codcmeeHuuil cnetm mojiMCO mombh^ 
ffUMbHoe npauaeodemeo ffesh KanumaAa ch doxodoMh ^ 27^ ufAhdena 
•^ uedihAiOy 8TH pa6otie corxaofliCH cnycTHTB i^tHy CBoero TpyAa ao 



/ 



102 PyCCKOB EOrATCTBO. 

27, TjxhjieMOVb vbEejtjbJOD. TaKixaR'B Kb uciy patemi. He HMiuD- 
rwsxb ooBepmeEHO HEsaKEXi cpe^oTBii oTHooHTCfl Bi HaoTOfliqee Bpeira^ 
Ki cojKajrtHin, 6ojiBimKOTBO, to loi Moseici bi Hameirb npHirhp'k 
npHHiiTB, vro npeAiosenie ipyA^ fifAOTB npe;[[OTaBji6io otou 6ou« 
maiTB KOJiH^eoTBOMi pado^Hxi, KOTOpHe i^tHATi pa6o^n HOAilD B% 
Tj j[jaewb oiy^ai bx 2^, ryiBAena, h MeHLrnHMii Kon^ecTBon pa6o- 
iBThy soTopHO vb xjjsmewb ojy^at fotobu npoAaxb pateiyn HexiuK 
8a 5 HacTomiuix'b rjxbjifijiovb. Oahhitb qioboh'b, B. BaBepsi b:^ KOHqt 
KOTOOBi npixoAHTB SI TOKj sasiDqeHiD, HTO pa6otie BCdrxa oyfii- 
okthbho k&hhtb obod pa6o^i) cHuy hhso Toro, hto npeAnpHHma- 
T62B upoflSBOXHTB Bpi efl noMO^Hi Bi npHseAeHHOvi npHMipi AU 
6oi&miiHOTBa pa6oiHX'B etb pa6o%iA ohih HMiDrb i^teHOGib n 2^/^ 
ryiBAeHa, xea^ TiM^ KaK^ npexiipHHHiiaTejiB noiy^aen npH ■x'b. 
noMoniH npH sBjiiiZimewb npoHSBOAHTejibfloinb npoi^eoci 10 ryn- 

XOHOBl. 

Aajiie cxiAyen xoKasaTejaoTBOt tto h Kifl npempHHHMaieju ats 
pa6oqifl oHjm liirbDn 6oAie iHSxyD KiJiy, ^iM^ 10 ryuAeHOBX, lan^ 
Kan 8TE pa6o^ OHjni cyiB touko fiyxymie TOBapH, oirbHSBie^en 
1181 HHX'L 10 ryAABHOBi ToiBRo ^epesi 2 roAa. Tasurs ofipaBOui^ 
B. BasepKi npnxoffHTB Kb Tony saiuio^eHiD, ^to Vb j(iftcTBHTexb- 
KooTH pa6o^u[ OHjra aoishke Boerxa flK^Tb i^sy hhso toA, soTopyiK 
nrfinn roTOBiie npojiyRTSi, nponsBOABiiHe npi ixi noHonpi, BiHa- 
ineiiT npBirlpi mse 10 ryiBAOHOB^. 

fl xyMan^ TTO He nysHo 6uTb rxyfiosHJTB bphthhoitl, ^o6h sa- 

BAtHTB C% KBRHlfH npOHSBOJObHIUH H UCTO ^^HKTHBHUMH UOHflllHlIff^ 

onepHpyen B. BaBepn. Bi obmovb A'i^'fc, ^to vosho OTBixHTb h&. 
TaKOt Bonpoei, KoropHfi oTaBEn ce6i 6. BaBepKi: KaRyD «cy6ift- 
eKTHBHyi) iiiHH00TB> HMieTB jsflSL ooBpeMeHBaro pa6o^aro ero paSo- 
^ttfl OHia? nepeBOW 8totb ^Hioco^^cRift Bonpon na asuKb caiioro* 
se B. BaBepKa. 8To sHa^Hn: Kasoe SHa^eHie HMierb pafio^aa OExa. 
xu caiEoro pa6o^aro? fl nonraD, ?to oaMufi npaBHUHufl OTBir& 
6war6u cjAspomiA: nrao au paCouro ero pafio^aa cHja He HHierb 
•poBHo HHsasoro 8Ha<[eHifl, €cy6%eRTHBHo» ohi i^iHHTb ee He foiune^ 
H He MeHBme, RaRi bi nyxB. Yse cto jrim TOMy nasaAi Tnpro 
H8BioTHO 6HI0, ^To «npooTot pa6o^, He Hiflnmifi HH^ero RpoiA 
OBOHXx pyRi, He HM^eTB poBHO HH^ero, eoiH eny ho yAacrofl npo- 
XaTB APyrHMi oBofi ipyxi** *). Ho B. BaBepKi HMieTB na 8to oBOi 
ooo6Htt BsriflA^. Oht> noiaraen, ^to €pa6otie, Roropue He HMiDrb 
opeAOTB^B, ROTopEie Horyrb npeAnpHHHTB na CBofi cofioTBeHHuft cqerb. 
(flic!) T0j[LR0 MoveHTajBHoe npoHSBOAOTBo 6e8i» RanHTajia, ci aoxoaohi» 
Vb 2V2 ryjaiA8Ha>, i^iHarb cbod paCo^yn cHiy bo bohrohi cjiyrai He 
HHse 2y, ryAAOHOBi. HHrepecHO shbtb, rxi aro B. BanepRx bhaIjcb, 
no6u pa6oHie, He Htftonqe cpexcTBi, npeAnpHKHMaxH na CBoft 006- 

*) Torgot, BeflexionB sar la fbrmation et la distribation des richeBseSi^ 
eip. 12, H3A. 1788. 



r 



PASJiH^aufl yqEsifl o aoxoA'B ci KAnflTAiA. 103 

cTBeHHHt CH6TB KOMeRTajiBHoe DpoHSBOAOTBO 6681 KanflTajia. 9to Te- 
nep^TO npH pasBHTott TexHUi, npn Aopona'L ^opiiazi iipoH8Boj!(OTBaI 
<Patio^,' He HMinmifi cpoAoiBi h npoHSBOAfln^ii la osoi oo6oTBeH- 
Hut e^en>> — mosho n npHAyifaTB noHfliJe 6ojr6e npossBOJObHoe, 6o* 
lie ^BKTHBHoe? Ci HoroB. BasepRi B3an, ^nro Tasoiiy paGo^eMy iipeji- 
cTOHn auTepHaTHBa: chi npo^aTB oBofi Tpy^i^, hih ynoTpefiHTB ero 
Ha eofioTBeflmil ohbtl Ha Henpo^ojiaKHTejEBHiie h Haio npoHSBOAHTen- 
HHe npoi](ec6H»? SHaere-jni, hto mosbtb oxiiaib pa6oqifl 6e3i opeA- 
CTBi», BHaere-n BaKaa eny npeffcroHTB aiBTepHaTHBa? Ha STOAaerb 
Hani flOHuft OTBirb hhkto hhoI, KaKi PoACepiycB. 

cIIpeACTaBBTe bh oe6fl vh noioseHis patfo^Hxi, roBopHii Pox* 
Gepryoi. Pa6o^e ooBodosA^HH 6£Uh foumh hjih vb jioxmotbazi, ho 
asaAifl HHniirL, KpoKt CBoefi pa6o?efi oHjim. BMicrt ci yflHTroM- 
HioMi pa6GTBa hjih Kp&nocTHoro npasa naia laKxe HopajuHan hih 

SpHAH^eORaH 06fl8aHH0CT& rOCnOAHHa KOPHHTB EVL H 3a60THTbCfl O&b 

Hxi Hya^ax'B. Ho b^a^ noTpefiHOOTH y hhx'b ooraxHCB, nrb nysHo 
SITE. RaK^ OHH Moryn, He hmIjb HH^eit), Kponi pafio^et ohjoi, 8a- 
6oTHTBca oCrh yAOBJieTBopeniH obohxi noTpe6fiocTefi? BpaxB m-b Toro 
saHHTajia, soropuS HMieTca vh ofiqeoTBft, h npn ero noMonf ? ao6h- 
BaTb ce6i ooAepsaiie? Ho b^a^ xanHTajn vb ofin^eoTBi npnHaAxe- 
SHTb ApyrHHi, H fiucTHieiH <npaBa» 8to OABaiH noTepnijai 6h. 
rojoniH pyxaMH HSBieKaiB h31 hIap^ souh Maiepiaii h cosAaBaTL 
ndTb Hero KanHrajTL? Qfil B. EaBepK'B He npo^B 6£ui>-6£i jifinh ufi 
Tasoft cob^tl). Ho eciH-dH A^se dro h bosmosko 6hjD[o, to b^ab jn 
cana 8eHJui, jaaae Heotfpa6oTaHHafl, HpHHaAJiesHrb ApyrnirB, a 6u)- 
cnreiH «npaBa» BToro CHOBa ne noTepnijiH-6u. Hto se hhi vb kowo^ 

KOHU^OBlOOTaBaXOCB Vb TaROMB II0I0SeHiH?T0J[BR00AHaaJIBTepHaTHBa— 

HHH paBpyniHTB npaBa o6ii;eoTBa, HJiH-se BepnyTBOfl ri obohmi npes- 
HHMi «roonoA&irB», ^'h co6oTBeHHHRairL somjih h RanHTaiOBfb h nojiy- 
^aTB B'B BHA^ pa6o^6fi njiaiH to, ito ohh paHBnid noJiyuiH bi bh;^ 
RopMa». 

Bra aiBTopnaTHBa aoboibho ne^aiBHaa, ho ona Bnoiffi peaiBHa. 
MesAT rbx'B ajiBTepnaTHBa 6. BaBepRa HE^ero Rpoich $HRiptt h 
HORycoTBeHHHX'B npeAHOJioseHifl vb ee6i ne coAepsHTB. H na TaRHXi- 

TO npOAdOJIOSeHiflX'B, ^O pa60Hift 663% CpeACTBl 0y6B6RTHBH0 I^HHTB 

CBOD pa6o^]D CHJiy B'B 2Vs ryjiBAOHa, noTOMy qro cTOjobRO orb moxotb 
nojiyqHTB, eon ohi npeAnpHHOTB Ha cBoft o'lerB MOHeHTajnbHo npo- 

H3B0ACTB0 6e8B RailHTaia, Ha TaRHX'B-TO H HHB nOA06HfaIX% ^HRI^l 

B. BaBepRB ctpohtb H8y9eHie TaRHXB sHsneEHuxB, peaiBHuxi OBie- 
Hit, RaRi pasiHUue bhah AOXOAa cb RasHTajia. H bto y B. Ba- 
BepRa HasuBaeTCfl «coiipoBosAaTB adorpaRTHsie bhboau npHHipaMH 

H3B AiflOTBHTeja»HOCTH» IipHAaBaTB HUB «SHB£UI ^pHU H RpaORE»t 
dlOTB 6AHfleTBeHHHfi HpBBeAeHHUfi MHOD npHMipB HCHO nORa8H- 

BaeTB, RaRHMi maTRHMB ocHOBanieMi noHXH^ecRafl Teopia i^hhooth 
HOseTB oiyaRHTB A^fl o6BH0HeHiH AOXOAa OB RaoHTajia. Bbiboau, roto- 
pue cTpoATCfl Ha TaROHB ocHOBaHiH, HenpeHiHHo AOMHU buIth npo- 



104 PyCGKOB BOrATCTBO. 

ESBoxbHUME H HopeajcBHHHH. Ho 8Toro HMO. EojiH ^ase AOnyCTHTB, 
^To noHXOJiorH^eoKaii Teopia i^hsocth Kosen oiysHib ooHOBanieirB 
Au y^enifl o jiflxojsjk cb KanHTcuia, to ynorpedjieHie, soTopae cji(tjiaiT» 
H3T» Hefl E. BaBopK'B, yanb HHEaKHXi ne Mono j[hrb npaBoiBHKX'b h 
acsax% BHBOAOBi. S^icb mh noAXOAHin* ko Biopoft omnfisi B. Ba< 
Bopsa. Ona saKjao^aercfl bi senpaBUBHofi nocTaHOBKi Bonpooa o ao- 
xoAt CB KanBTaia. 

AoxoA'B 01 KanHTajia octb flBJioHie rbcHo CBflsaHHoe oo Bcett xo3flfi- 
CTBeHHofi opraHHsai^iei) o6niecTBa. Ero Hsy^eme aojesho 6htb noaxoif y 
OBasaHO CB Hsy^eHieMi BTofi opraBHsai^iH Boofini^e h xapasiepa pao- 
npoAiieHifl vb ^aoxHocTH. Mn Hsy^aeMi SAioB, KaRi h no^eicy boob 
HapoAHuft AOXOA^ pacnaAaercfl na pasjiHiHUfl ^acTH, otb KaRHxi yoio- 
Bift saBHCHTB paonpoA'^^OHie ero Mea^y paajra^BOUiH uaccaMH o6nie- 
OTBa H vb qacTHOOTH HOSAy npeACTaBHiasflKH KanHraia. He Tas'B 
CMOTpHTB Ha 8T0 flBJieHio B. BasepBi. JiflA Hero BonpocB o Aoxa/tt 
CB KanHTaia eoTB «HGKjDaouTeJiBHo npofijueioia ]^hhooth». Sa^cb, Ha 

nO^Bi I^HHOCTH, rOBOpHTB B. BaBepK'B, HySHO ECKaiB 06Ba0HeHifl AO- 

xoAa CB RanHiajia. cIIpofijEeMifa AoxoAa ci Kannraia eoTB b'b koho^- 
HOKi ooHOBaHiH npo6jieKifa i^Ihhocth^. A ne CTany yTBepasAaTB, ^to 
BonpocB AOXOAt CB KanHTajia He ctohtb vh obhbh oi Boapocomi o 
i^ftHHocTH. n y PoAfiepxyca, h y MapKca, Kasi mi BExkm^ yqenie o 

<peHTi> H «npH6aB01H0ft utHHOCXH* rfcOHO CBHSaHO CB BOHpOCOlTB 

i^iHHocTH BOo6nie h o i^iEHocTB pa6oqeft cHjra bi qacTHOCTH. Ho 

JSflK HHXl BOnpOCB A^XOA^ CB KaOHTaia BTHITB Aa^OKO He HG^epHH- 

Baerofl. Ohh rjiyOoKo pacKpHBaioTB EaM'B ly TicHyD cbhsb, Kasaa 
oyn^ecTByeTB MesAy TaKHHi BasHuin* HBJieHieM'B, saRi aoxoa'b oi 
RanHTaAa, h Boei op^aHH8a^ieI> HapoARaro xo3&floTBa, cb liim 8ro- 

HOMH^eCRHMH H HpaBOBBlME yCJIOBiflMH, Ha ROTOpHTB SmUeTCfl B6CB 

Hami o6mecTBeHHufi crpolt, otb ROTopuxi saBHOflTB ri ejle hhuh 
$opiui pacnpeAijeHifl napoAHaro AOxoAa. HodroKy h beiboau, R'b ro- 

TOpUlTB ohh npHXOAflTl, EjAv^Tb peaJTBHOO COAOpsaHie, aRHSHeHHIUt $op- 

MH. B. BaBepRi nea^y Tiwb bhahtb b'b Boapooi o pasjm^HUX'B $op- 
itasB AoxoAa cb RaniTaJia ho SoflBme, RaRi BonpocB o6MiKa h x^ta- 
HOCTH, npofijieHy AOxoAa cb RanHraja owb OToasAecTBJifleTB cb Bonpo- 

OOITB I(iHH0CTH. B'B BTOM'B SaRJOO^aeTOH, Ha MOfi BSFJBUIA'B, OAHa H3X 

ero Ypj6timiiXT> omHfioE'B. En odxaoHaiOTCfl rt HeapaBEjEBHHe h 
HORyecTBeHHHe bkboabi, ri RoiopuiTB ovb npHmejiB. 

Cy6ieRTHBHafl TeopiA i^ifiEocrH, Roiopofi TaRi ropAHTOH aBCipifi- 
cRaH HiROJia, RasoTOfl B. BaBepny vb BKcmet cTeneHH BasEott h 
riy6oRoft EcrnEOft. Eiiy RasoTCfl, nao Bia HOBaa ectese npESBaEa ne- 

peCTpOETB E o6eOBETB bod BROHOEE^eCRyD HEyRy, ^TO OHa AOJURSa 

oobItetb EOBUMi cBiToiTB Boi ofl BascEtfiinifl iipo6jieioai. OcAinieE- 
HHfl BTOfi HOBon E TJiyfioRoft Toopiei) I^EEOCTE, B. BasepRi ooBep- 
moEEO 8a6HJ['B Ti EaAiesanufl rpaEHi^u, bi ROTopuxi ee oztAyoTi 
yAepsETB. ?T0 6n owb he Esy^an, 6yAeTB-jui aro npEfisuB npeAnps- 
HEMaiejuBt, Eju npoKeETti na OTAaBaenufi Baafljoi RaoETan, 6yAerB-aE 



PAaUHHEUfl y?EHlll AOXOAS Cb EAIIHTAirA. 105 

«T0 laeMHaa niaia oi Aova uh sevejiBHaa pena— bgday ^^ ^P®~ 

ertATOTB H8Il)6jieHHaa HITB TOOpifl Il[tHIO0TH H KpOHi H6fl OffB HH- 

^ero He bvaiti. Owh nonraerB; ^o aaa othaoHeHiii Taun oios- 
HHXi BonpooovB, KaKi npB6uJiB npe^npHHEvaTejiff, Kasi seMeiBiafl 
pena, Kasi npoi^eHTu (tb Kaasiaia h npo^., Bnouib AOoraTono 
o6ii^iXB npuKinoB'B ero TeopiH i^khooth, ^to i^iHiooTb onpex^flercfl 
HpeA^iBHOi noiesHOOTBX), ?to mmsobu^ fiiara i^tHflToa Aopose 6j« 
jtymixi. CroiKHeTOfl-jiH owb orb BonpoooirB o npoi^esTaxi Ha saHH- 
taxi, OTAaBaemift BsaSira, h ornArb ji^a. Hero ysi roroBi: TfTb mh 
HHieiTL A^o H6 Ooume h ho neHBme, sasi ci o6MiHOM%, npH^eici 
SAicB fijAjHUfl 6;[ara o6MiHHBai)T0H Ha HaoToanpH, a too HaoToamifl 
6iara (kijiie i^innH, ^ivi 6yAynnH — aio Bi^^ hcho oiiATOTB h8i» TeopiH 
qbiHOOTH, ergo, npoi^eHTBi BosMtn^aDTL tojibko tj pasHHqy, KOTopaa 
^sjn^ecTByen MesAj i^iHHOcr&D Haoroan^HX'B h 6jKjmfa,'b izhn. ?to 
HoxoliHoe oiyuoHeHie eRojosHn no noBepxHOCTH, hto oho ho bcspli- 
Baerb naHi cj^hocth HBjieHifl, sto aojisho 6iitb aia Boasaro o^e- 
bhaho: oho HaMi ooBepmeHHO ne noKa8UBaen» HOTo^HHKa, oTKjAa 
npoHCTesaDTB ri 6iara, KOTopHfl OAysarb npoiieHraMH na sanHrajii. 
droTB BaxHuft Bonpooi ooTaeToa vb y^eniH B. BaBepKa oron-se 
HepasiflOHeHHinrL, saKi h b'b y^enlH lixi bkohohhotob'b^ Koiopue 
oftuicHflDTE npoi^eHTH Ha KaoHTan rbwb, iro ero eoTb BosHarpax- 
A^ie sa joAjrH, KOTopua saHHOAaBei^i oEaauBaerB AOJiUHKy, h aj- 
Masn, no OHH 8TBHI HCiepniiBaDTB Bonpooi BO Bcefl ero rjiy- 

Kasi 6u TO HH 6h£0, eoiH ero o(h>acHeHie npoAenroBi na OTAa 
BaeMHfi' BsaftMH sanHTajTL voseTi o^HTaTBca ao HSBicTHott cTeneHH 
noHHTHHMi, TO vb ofiiaoHeHlH APJivTB BHAOBi AoxoAa (yb KanHTajia 
spoirb oo$H8HOB% H ^HRTHBHsxi iipeAnoioseHitt Hir& HHHero. H 
onHTB Tau HOTOMj^ riaBHHMi» o6pa80Mi, TOO B. BanepKi BTHCRHBaeTi 
isaMHa pa8HOo6pa3Hiia dsoHOMH^ecKia npo6AeMHu Wb Ti-se y8Ria 
paMRH ero TeopiH i^Ihhooth. OTODAa ero paacyvA^Hia o tohi, too 
npeAnpHHHHaTeJiB o6HiHHBaeT& HaoroaiiUe TOBapH na 6yAyii^ie, 
TOO dyAynue, HeH-be i^iHHHe TOBapn cosp'bBanTB wb pynax-B iipeA- 

npHHHKaTejUI, H BI ROHI^t ROHI^OB'b TOTB OpHrHHaiBHiitt BifoOA^ TOO 

HpflOiiXB npeAnpHHHMaTeia ootb hh too hhoo, RaRi npnpooTi i^te- 

HOCTH. 

Gaiiaro Bsiomaro nyHRTa dTa HCRyooTBeHHOcTB h TyMaHHoctB ao- 
etHraen TorAa, RorAa B. BaBepRi nepexoAHn Kb ofiiacHenix) AOxoAa 
ei laRi HasHBaeMHTb nocroaHHSx'B fiian, Hanp., oi aohobi, 8eMexB 
H T. n. Boi ern npo6£eHMu B. BaBepRi yRjiaAUBaerb na tomx-so 
npospyoTOBOVB losi CBoefi Toopin i^hkocth. A He CTany nepeAanaTB 
Be&x% paacyvAeHil B. Basepna na arorB o'ierB, npHBOAy toabro oAHy 
RopoTRyD ipnaiy. KanHrajiHCTu, roBopnrB B. BanepRi, A^anrB 

TOAUU) TO, TOO 06HiHHBai)TB OBOH HaCTOHHlie TOBapH Vb TOt H2H 

HHOl $opMi Ha OyAyn^ie TOBapti h jifiJOTb bthhi nooiiAHHirB cospt- 

BaTB Wb HXl pyRaX'B AO nOXHOI^HHHX'B HaOTOan^HXl TOBapOBl. HiRO- 



106 FFCGKOB BOrATGTBO. 

TopHe KanaraiHOTH ^ribaDTb 0toti» o6Ktwb pasx Ha BcerAA. Kto 
BHCTpaEBaen ce6i na OBOt KanETan aomi, kto nosynaerB oetifr 
seiuK), qiflHyio eyiiary, kto oT^aeTB cBofl saiiHTan no^i npoi^eKni 
cpasy Ha 50 jAtb, totl o6i[iHHBaerB cboh HacTOflmiH 6;[ara Boe- 
i^iio H2H qacTBH) Ha 6iara, KOTopiu OTflooflToa ki oTAaieHHOMy 6y- 
Ayn^eny, h, TaKHMi o6pa80irL, oo3Aaen oahhhi y^apoMi BOSvosHOOTb 
npoAOJUBHTeJCbHaro npapoora i^iEHOOTH h HSBJieneHie AOXOAa oi Ka- 
HHTajia Bi TO'ieHie Ao^raro speiieHH. 

^a, HAOxyn yciyry cooiysHia B. EanepKy cyfi^OKTHBHafl Toopia 
i^HEOOTH. Ona ero nacToiBso ynieBia, ^nro owb en oxHofi xynaeTK 
oithiaoHHTb oaioifl cioshiui BRonoia^eoKifl iipo6ji6MMu. BasHHH xhb* 
HeHHHfl iipo6j[[eMMu ooBepmeHHo norepau hxi peaxBHoe coAopsanie. 

OffB HXl BIipBajllft H3l MXb poaiBEOfi, XB8H6HH0fi oOOTaHOBKI ■ 

saMaoKHpoBajTB it HCTopH^ecKifl H npaBOBUfl yojioBui, KCToptiH oxy- 
asaTL nouon ffia bthxi BasHurb aBJitBiA nameft aKOHOKH^ecKOft 

SH3HH. 

Ynasy TenepB na TperLn omHfiKy, 6oite npooryi) h o^BHAsyn. 
HO, nosajiyi, 6ojile BasHyn h nenpocTHTexBHyi). PacRpuTie SToft 
onmfiKH pasxHOHHTB HaM'B APT^TBD CTopoHy 6. BaBepsoBOKaro y^eHio; 
Oho pasiflOHHTB nani, or^ero B. BaBopKi ocraHOBHioH Ha nojiAoport^ 
orqero owb ooraBHn ooBepmeHHO Oesi oTBiia BaxHlfiiDlft BonpocB 
Bi y^OHiH AoxoAft oi KanHTaia, t. e. Bonpoci^ noneMy sanHTauoTtf 
noxy^amrB aoxoai, Kanui yoioBk A&iaDTb au hhxx BosMOSHiiirB 
TaRoe nojiy^enie. 

OmH6sa era saKXD^aeroH b'b tom'&i ^to E. BaBopKi eoBepmeHHa 
npoHBBoiBHO, TeHAOHi^oBHo onpeAtifleTB noHHTifl AoxoAa CTb RaQHTaia 

H SexeJObHOfi POHTBI. Bb to BpeMfl, RaK'B 9TH nOHHTifl rbOHO OBHSaHH 

ci npoAoraBJieHiflirH o ^acTHoirb KaoHraJuiOTi h ^aoTHOHi soujEeBJEa- 

AtjIBI^i, T. e. orb HSBiCTHHMH HOTOpH^eCKHMH H UpaBOBHMH yOJIOBUDIH, 

B. BaBepKii npoHSBOJiBHO onpeA'&AiieTB bth hohhtui TaKiirB o6pa- 
BOiTB, ?T0 BTa OBflSB ooBopnieHHO Ho^esaeTB. 3thmh OniH60^HHU[H, 
npoHSBOJKBHHMH OHpeAixeHiHifH oOBflOHaeTOfl B3rjiflAi» B. BaBepKa, hto 
AoxoAB CB KanHTaia h 8eMeja»HaH peHra aoishu cyn^eoTBOBaTB BoerAa 
H Bi^HO, HesaBHOHHo HH OTB Rai;ott opraHHsaiUH napoAHaro xo3fli- 

OTBa. BonOMHHKBi B'B CaMOlTB JS^kjA, xaKB B. BaBOpK'B AOKaSUBaOTB, 
TTO AOXOAl OB KanETaJia ho naXOAHTOH HH FB KaKOft SaBHCHMOCTH HH 

orB HCTopH^eoKHrB, HH orB npaBOBuxi ycxoBifl napoAHaro xosflioiBa. 
MapKCB H PoA6epTyoi yrBepsAi^B) ^^ AOxoab oi KaHHrajia oyn^ecT- 
Byerb, fijiaroAapa oymecTBOBaHli) ^aornofi oo6oTBeHHocTH na opyAin 
HpOHSBOACTBa. BoTB npoTHBB BToro H npoTOCTyeTB B. BasepR'B. 
Hirb, roBopvTB oh'b, ho "lacTHaa coOctbohhootb na KaHHTan h 

BOMJID HBJIflDTOH npHWHOD Oyn^OOTBOBaHifl npH6iUH H deMexBHoi 

peHTU. HacTHafl ooOoTBeHHooiB TyTB coBepmoHHo He npnueirB. IIo- 
npo6yfiTe yHH^TOSBTB naoTHyx) oo6cTBeHHooTB na opyAin nponsBOA- 
cTBa, iipH6iiiB H seMejiBHaH peflTa OyAyn oyn^ecTBOsaTB nonpex- 
HeMy. Ho AOKasHBaerB-iH okb bto? He ooHOBHBanTca-u Boi ero ao- 



PASiraUfl YTEHIfl ffflXOJUh Cb KkUWIAJUi. lOT 

sassTejEbOTBa he o(4i8Max%, se ooorauuinn Jiti ohh npoHSBOAHyix 
■rpy noHiniaiiH? Bi caMom Aiii, sro ejAOTB noxywTb ary npH6uiB| 
pa8i» hItb ^aoTHurb QpeAnpHHiiiaTeiet, sro djAen HsueuTb se- 
MeJUHyn penry Taiii, rxb sirb laexHHxi seiueBxajrUBAeB'B? Mo- 
seTB n B. BaBopn jKasaib ann iHip>? Mn, Tauxii ^aoirarK 
jiEi^'B He oyn^ecTByeTB, aro npHSHaen oam B. Baaepra. Ho Tyn 
omi^ coBepmaerii JioBiifl MaHeBpi. npH6ujib h seMei&Haa peHta, ro- 
Bopsn B. BaaepBii^ Boerau oozpaBuiDToa vb noiHOft osjEi; eon 
HVH iiojiBaynTOfl lenepB se vacriufl jun^a, to aa to «oa]fo o6nieoTBo 
BTb i|,iion siaxen hx'b Tenepb Bb OBoft sapiiaHii. 

B. BaBepKi HyBerByera, no aTon oTBirb ne Mosen yAOBjierBO- 
pHTb HBTaTeifl, ovh uoaTOMy ouTaerb HysHHirb npsfiaBHTb ciiAJD- 
mee aairb^aHie. cBhtb voserB, AMce BipoaTHO, ^to oho (o6m60TBo)» 
uaAerb aoxoa^ cx KaiiHTaia h aeiieAb bi sapiiaH'b se ftia Toro, 
^To6ii coxpaHflTb ero Tan, a ^to6h ynoTpe6HTb ero Ha noffSflTie pa* 
6oqel uaTu Boixi uohobi oOn^eoTBa. Ho Tasoe ofin^enoiesHoe yao- 
TpefijieHie, Boropoe o6h|6otbo noeii Aijiaerb oi nsBJie^eHHUirb aoxo- 

AOITB, HHCROJIbRO HO HSIllHfleTb TOfO ^BKTa, ^TO aTOTb A^XOffb 6un 

HMOHHO HpHOBoeni vb sa^ecTBi AOxoAB <rb KaiuiTaAa». 

HeyseiH Hlrb HHsasoro paaiH^ Meaqy riwbj noorynaeTb ja 
Aoxoffb vh KanHTaia ^aoTHOMy xHi^y, qTo6u eny npHHapeaaaTb na- 
BiKH, H t6mi, Kor^a arorb aoxoai 6epeTGa vb noabsy o6meoTBeHHol 
Kaooii, ^To6u pasAixHTb ero noTors HesAy rbna pafiouMH, Roropue^ 
ero npoHSBeiB? MoseKi-JiH mh bi nooiiAieirb oAy^a'b roBopnib a 
AOxoAi 01 xanHTafla b% HaoToanieirb chhci'I aToro oiobb? 

npeAOTaBBHi oe6i pa6oHyD acooi^ai^uo, cooTOfliqyK) h8i» 10 qeio- 
Biai. ^ooycTHirb, ^to aia acooAialpa npoHSBejia bi Te^eaie HeAiiH npo- 
AyKTb AiHOD B'b 150 py6. A^nyoTHU'b A<^ie, ^ro vb KOEJsib HOAiJiH 
RaxAOHy paOoqeny BiiAaeioa 10 py6., a HainmeK'b vb 50 pyfi. no- 
cTynaerb b% Kacoy aTOft acooiMaipH. Ho offb nocTynaerb TyAa ho Ha 
BoerAa; arn 50 py6. pasAanrca noroHis OKasem, nepoAX npasAHH- 
xaMH, no 5 py6. na sasAaro. ?to se, HeyseJiH B. BaBepsb cEaaan, 
TTO acooipai^lfl «iioJioxua ce61 B'b RapiiaH'b» aTH 50 P76., KaKi na- 
OToanpfl AOxoA'b Vb xanaTajia? Heyseu mosho Tyrb roBopHTb sa- 
XOKX 6ii TO HH 61110 AoxoAt CI KaoHTajia? Hn BOSbMOMi Apyroft 
npHMipby Kacannuioa aeneJibHoA peHTs. AonyoTHMii, hto 5 KpecTbaHi 

eoeAHHBlHOb Bl OABH'b OODSl, COOTaBHlH H^qTO B'b poA^ MaJieBbKOtt 

ofin^Hu. KasAufl o6pa6aTUBaerb oTAi&ibHufi y^aoTOSb seiuH, ho aiH^ 
y^acTKH paauuoit hjeoaopoahooth: oahhi A&6Tb 100 OAHBHAb xj[i6a^ 
Apyrofi— 200, 3-fi— 300, 4-uft— 400^ 5-Hi— 500. Beob A0XOA% ofiniBHS, 
craio 6uTb, paBefli 1500 eAHHHAairb xjil6a. Kasoe BoaHarpasAenia 
noijnarb luuKAufi nai o6n^HHHKOBi>? Ho VHiHiD B. Baaepu, Boa- 
BarpasABBie oaa^axa peryiapyeToa no oaMOHy HHsmeny HacmTa6y^ 
t. e. xasA^fi BpeerbflHBH'b noiyqaerb oaaHaJia oroibKo, cROJibRo ABJTb. 
BaflMeale uoAopoAHuft ynaoTORi, bi> HameMi npHMipi 100 eAHHHi^i^ 
a BOJumeRx Bb 1000 oahhhi^i noorynaerb bi ofin^HHHyD Raccy. 



108 P7CCX0E BOrATCTBO. 

^oaycTHirB, ?to paonpeAiieme bi oOmiHi jifiixEo npoicxoAHTb 
BT> j^tetBwseJLhwooTE Tasi, UKi ero pHoyenb B. BaBepK'B, xonyoTHMi, 
^TO OHO OHa^aia peryjiHpyerofl «no EEsmeify HaGiiiTa6y» h vto hbib- 
ineKi vb 1000 eAHBHit'b o6ii^KHa <KiaA6T& oefrb bi KapHaffii». Ho 
Bi^B BTOTB EBiflineEi Bi ofl sapMaHi ^oiro He ooraerofl, 8th 1000 
eXHHHi^ ut6a paoiip6AixflK)TOH noTom, osaseirB, nepe^^ nooiBaMH, 
paBHOMipHo Jiesffy BoiMH o6ntHHHHBa]iH. HeyxoM ase hosho bth 
1000 eAHHU^i xjrfctia, soropHfl o6n^HHa BpeM6HH0 cki^^otl ce0i bi 
sapHaffb», opaBHHBaib do oBoeMy aKOHoxH^eoKOMy xapasrepy ci tImh 
6AaravH, ROTopua noiy^aen 8eMJieBjiaAiiieip»? Heyxen hxi mosho 
HasssaTB «3eHeiLHon peHTOi)»? ^aBaTB Em TaKoe HasBaHie SHaurb 
npoH3BOja»Ho HrpaTB cjoBavH, HSMtpeHHO HOKasatB eKOHOKH^eoKifl no- 
sflTifl. noovoTpHiTB, B'B oaMoiTL xftii, KaRi oupeji/bjLsnoTb nOHHTifl 86- 

HeiBHOft peRTH H UpvfiHJIH Ha KailHTan XOTH 6hL 8K0H0MH0TH-Rja0- 

CHKH. cSeMoiBRaH poHTa, roBopHTL PflKapAo, eoTB xa HaoTB npOAys- 
TOBi sevn, KOTopas yHiauBaeTOH ooGoraeHHHKy bomxh sa noiBSo- 
Baaie ea nepBOHaqaiBHuifH h HeHcvepnaeiniiEH OHxaiiH.* cIIpECiuB 
Ha sanHTan, roBopHn Apyrot npexciaBHreJOb KiacoH^eoRoft ihkojki, 
eoTB xoxo^i* Toro Jisaa, KOTopoe Heoeii HSAepsRH npoHSBOACTBa, ko- 
Topoe BHA^erb hsi $0HAa, HaxoAfln^aroofl bi ero BJEaAtHis, uaTy pa- 
-tioqHjTb Hjra sopKHTb HXB Bi To^eHio iipoii[eooa Tpyxa, Koxopoe xo- 
cTaBjiaerb TpeCyemifl ooopyxenm, MaTepiaiH, opyAUi h i[amHHii> *)... 
Hsi BTHX'B onpeA'&ieHifi hoho bhaho, hto noHHTie seiiejiBHofi peHTU, RaRi 
E noHHTie AoxoAa oi RanHraia, tIoho oBHsaRH n npeAoraBJEeHiflii h o 
^aoTHoiTB seMieBiaA^iLi^, ^aoTHOiTB RanHTaxHorb, uoTHOMinpeAnpn- 
HHHaToii. Rto HOHHvaeTB AoxoAi 0% KanHTajia h seMeiBHyx) peniy 
HHa^e, Ton HCKasaers oynfeoTByDnpA noHHtiii, totl oosAaerb iipoHB- 
BojiBHyx) TepvHHOAOriD. Hir6n-n E. BaBepKi npaBO Ha 8T0? Oh'b 
Ha i^SHxi 10 oTpaHHi^ax'L orapaeTOfl AORasaTB, HaoROibKo naHBHEi 
Ti, ROTopHe MeTranrB otrh HORopeHeHiH AOxoAa oi xanBTajia. Ohi 
crapaeTOfl AORasaxB, tio ranoe HCRopeHeHie HeMsoiuio, ^m aoxoai 
oil RanHTajia AOiseHi cyn^eoTBOBaTB BcerAa h stuo npn KaRofi yroAHo 
opraHHsai^lH xoBflioiBa. JIoho, ^to B. BanepRi jsfiimen 6un npn- 
AepsEBaTbCH Ttxi noHHTiB AOxoAi^ 01 Rannraia h aeMeflBHOft peHTb, 
soTopHH ofimenpHHHTfii Bi HayR*!^. ?T0 se A^aoTB E. BaBepRi>? Owb 
coBepmeHHo npoHSBOiBHO na ntcTO oahhxi noHHtift noAoraBJueTB aPJ- 
rur, H, Rone^HO, nofiiAa AooraeicH eiiy lerRO. 

Oaho h to se RonneofTBO TpyAa, rOBopHxi B. BanepRi, Awrb na 
paBiH^HUxi y^aoTRaxi aeMiH npoAyxn pasiraaro RoiH^ecTBa h 
Ra^ecTBa, oraio 6iitb octb pasHHi^a MesAy aoxoaoitb (tb oahoI boiub 
H 01 Apyroft- dTO, EOHeno, HCTHHa HecovHiEHaa. Oaeo h to se 
ROU^eoTBO TpyAB, npoAOJisaoTB jifiisie B. BaBopRfB, jimerrb vb pas- 
nmiX'B orpaciExi npoBBBOAOTBa npoAyRTb pasranofi i^hoote: 



♦) J. St Mill, Grundsatze der polit. Oekonomie, uzx. 1881 r. Buch II, 
*Capit. XV, CTp. 66. 



pisjra^HUfl yqsHifl o aoxoa^ cb kauhtajia. * 109^ 

XHOBHOfi TpjA'B nQKapfl Aft^n UpOAJlCTB VB 2 rjSbJSfiSh, AHOBHOl 

TpjAii pafiouro, nocaAiBmaro 100 AopoBBeBi^ Aa6i*& bi pesynTari 
lepesi 100 AiTi HpoAyKTb b% 1000 ryjibxeHOBi; orajio 6ktb eon 
pasHHi^a MesAy AoxoAami oahoI h jsjijToik OTpaeu npoBSBoxoTBa. 
H npoTHBi BToro He dyAOVB onopiTB *). Ho Kasofi se bhboai Ai- 
jiaen nn araxi noiosemi B. BaBepsi? Bon SA^ob yan Hau- 
HaDTCfl oo$H3Mii. PasHHi^a Bi AoxoAax'B 01 pasjmnHX'B seveju h 
B'b pasjiraiiix'E orpacjKflx'b npoHSBOAOTBa, rOBopHn B. BaBepsii, eoTb. 
seMejtbHaii penra h aoxoab oi KanHTaja. TaRi onpeAiiflTb 8te noHfl- 

rifl, BHaqHTB CMOTptTB Ha BO^B He O'B T09BH Spinifl DKOHOMBqeOKOfi^ 

8 ci> ToiKH spiHifl rexEHqecKoit hju eoieoTBeHHOHayHHoft. ?io senjiH 
paajtHuaro uoAopoAifl AftDn pasjiH^Hue pesyjiBTaxu — aro flBJioHie 
qHCTo eoreoTBeHHoe, ho ^o aia pasHHi^a vb AOxoAaxi npaoBaBBaeroa 
qacTHHn 201^0X1 — dTo ysi eoTB HSJieHie xosafioTBeHHoe, BHTOKan- 
Biee <H8% HSBfloTHofi op^aHH3a^iH xosaftoTBa. dia-TO opraHR8a^ia xo- 
BflicTBa H flBJueroa npHUHOK) Toro, ^o btoS pasHHi^eS bi AoxoAax'B 
nojEbsyeToa ne Boe o5n^eoTBO, a oTAiiBHHa uqHooTH, Bra HueHHo 
npH^HHa upHAaoTB bthmi AOXOAaiTB xapaKTep'B seKoiBHOt penTU b 
AOXOA& OTB sanHTaia. He^ero yAHBUTBda Tony, vao B. BaaepKi, 
CHOTpfl Ha xosaftoTBeHHUfl HBJieHifl vh TOUH sptHiH eoxeoTBeHHO- 
Haynoft, a ho BsoHOMH^eoRoft, npHmen k'b TOMy BaKJOo^eHii), Tra 
Aoxo;^ ch KaHHTaia h seMeJtBHaa peHra aojisbu oyiqeoTBOBaTB 
BcerAa, ^to ohh ooBepmeHHO He saBHcarB otb opraHHsaipH xosaft- 
eTBa/EoH6«o, paanuHfl seMHH tfyATTB AanaTB paaiHHHue yposan, 
npH KaKHXi yroAHo BKOHOHHHecRHX'B yojiOBiflxi. TpyAi^ bt» pasJiH?- 
uixi oTpaoJiflx-B npoHSBOAOTBa BoerAa 6yAerB A^naTB HOOAHHaKOBue 
nojieaHHe pesyutaTH. Ho bi npaBi-jiH mh oA^iaiB hsi btofo bhboai^^ 
iTo AoxQAi o'B KanHTajia eoiB <He ojiyqafiEafl BOTopH^eoRH-npaBOBaa 
saTeropifl, KOTopaa oyn^eoTByerB tojibko bi Hameni HHAHBHAyaJiflOTH- 
leoKH-KaoHTajiBGTH^eGKOH'B oCn^ooTBt..., a KaToropia BKOHOMHqeoKaa^ 
BUTeBaD^afl mrh BJieiieHTapHHX'B BRonoMH^eoKHXi dph^heb, a no- 
tony cynieerreyeT'B nesaBHOHMo otb opranHsai^iH o6meoTBa h npano- 
Boro nopflARa»? Ki TaRony BHBOAy mosotb npifiTH tojibro totb, rto 
TeHAeH^io8HO HORasaerB BROHOMB^ecRiH noHfliifl. ?to 6u mu ORasajiH, 
eciH 6u RTO jaL6o BSAyMaAi pasfiHsaTB otopohherobi HaqiOHajtHBai^iH 
Bevjifl oji'^Aysii^aro poAa pasoysAeHiaHH: bh BOSHymaereoB npoTHBi 
seiiejrBHofi peara, bu naxoAHTe BpeAHHifB, HeoapaseAJiHBHirB, ttoCh 

HaBtCTHHt RiaOO'B JIDAOS HSl fOAy Bl FOA'B RJiajI'B Bl 0B0& RapHaHl 

Bce ConBine h 6oJiBine aoxoab, 6eB% aanjiH TpyAa oi ero OTopoHEi; Aa 



*) HSB npHM^pOBB, ROTOpufi npHBOAHT'S E. EdBepR'B, flCHO, HTO OH'b 

CMOTpHTB Ha ABieHifl HapoAHaro xosAScxBa, na Bonpocii pacnpeAtiemii co- 
BepmeHEO HenpaBHJiBHO, hhcto HHAHBHAjajiHCTBHecRH. £*& cjioshobb napoA- 

lOlTB ZOBflfiCTBi ipjAB OAHOfO HeiOB'JbRa XaR'B T^CHO CBITSaH^ CB TpjAOMB 
%&bXfh OCXaJIBHUXB, HTO p'bmHTeiLHO H'i^TB B03H0SH0CTH OBpeA'i^JIHTB, RdRie 

[MeHHO npoAyRTu cocTaBJiJiiDT'L pesyjBTaTB ibheoS A'i^ATejBHOCTH AaHBara 
eAHHHU[aro pa5oHaro. 



110 P7CCK0E BOFATCTBO. 

paSBi B08H0SH0 HCKOpeHHTB seiiejiBHyD peiTy?*9T0 Heo6£ITO«M 
^asrasui! Bijsj> oea BHTesaen nai aieueinapHHrB, eoTeoTBevHEO^ 
jcxoBift ^eiOFl^ecKaro xosflitoTBa; nivh jsfijTh wuejoBUTb juctbobi, 
KOTopHe 6hj[h 6ii o^HHaKOBO uoffopoAHH, OAHH% ABBTb fioAine, 
gQ>Trolt MeBBme, oraio 6im» pasHHqa wh ]^oxon,^Tb fiy^eTE oyn^eoTBo- 
BftTB BcerAa^ h aeiiex&Haa peHTa flonraa oeraBaT&ofl Ha Biu. SI X7- 
tMan, ^TO TaRoro poAa KpiTisy can 5. BasepKi OTBiTim 6h, ut 
TTo OHi ooBepmeHHo He noHHiaen, ^ero xothtb oropoHHnH nai^io- 
Harasai^H senn, hih se — h bto 6iU0 6u iipaBHiBHie, — tro ohi 
npoHBBojEBHO HrpaoTB ciosaMH h onepnpfen onmKOirB npoepauma 

^M)$H3Ma][H. 

H Mory TenepB bb neuHorHXi cJioBaxi pesDHHpoBaTfc Hoft BsriHAi 
fia j^eHie BeMi-BaBepKa. OrBin, kotophS B. BaBepra jifi^evh na 
BonpocB npoHcxoxAeniH saaHxajia, horjootb6hi, ^anraora^ettB, 
« naBHoe coBepmeHHO HaoKHpyerB HBieniH A^ttoTBHTeiBHot xhbhh. 

O&UICHHeTOfl 8T0 HpeHMyil^OTBeHHO JlfiJMM OOHOBHUMH ODIHtiBaHH OFO 

asoxiAOBaHifl*. 1) ntoxoiorHqeoEafl Teopui i^hhooth, na KOTopot 
HOGTpoeHo Bce ero y^enie, OKasBiBaeTOfl oiaTKOft, HCKyooTBeHHov 
noTOOft jsflB. oOiflCHeHiH laKoro peaJiBBaro nBxeHiH, Kasi AonoKh oi 
KanHiaJia; 2) cMorpa na Bonpooi o aoxoa^ oi KannTaira HOKjn)««* 
TenHO RaKB na npo6Ae]iy i^hhooth, B. BaBepRi ooBepmeHHO Hrao- 
pnpyeTB obhbb, oyn^eoTByDniyi) vesAy aoxoaomb n KaHHTan h Boeft 
opraHHsai^ex) HapoAEaro xosflicTBa; buboau ero nosioMy HesHSHeHHu, 
^HOTo ^ERTHBHii. %o SO RacaeTOfl TOFO BasHaro Bonpooa, noqeny 
6iara, TaRB hju Hna^e BOSHHRmk, nocTynaDTB bb pyRH HSBter- 
flHXB ni^, BB BHAi AOxoAa (VB RanHTaia, to btotb BonpooB B. Ba- 
BepRB ooBepmeHHO ooTaBiaerB 6e3B OTBiTa. Maxo Toro. OipHi^aa 
nfBBZhy oyni^eoTByD^yx) vesAy aoxoaohb ob RamiTaia h noHHileicB 

HaOTHOMB RanHTaiHCTi H ^OTHOHB SOMJieBJiaAiXBI^, B. BaBepRB 
UPHXOAHTB RB TOHy OniH6o^H01iy BUBOAy, ^TO AOXOAB OB RaoHTaia eOTB 

noHHTie ne HoropH^eoRs-npaBOBoe, a ^hcto BROHOMB^eoRoe, a norony 
OHB AOixeHB oyn^ecTBOBaTB b^^ho, HesaBHCHiio otb opraHHsaqiH Ha- 
poAHaro xosflficTBa. Kb laROny BHBOAy B. BaBepRB iiphxoahtb, 6jia- 
roAapfl TpeTBefi oiiih6riI ero HSOjrbAOBaHifl. 3aRjn>9aeToa ona Vh npo- 

HBBOAHOH'B, TeHAeHipOBHOMB OnpeAtieHiE DOHHTifi iipoii;eHTOBB Ha 

RauHTaxB, npH6HJUi h noaeKejuHofi penrH. Ha bth noHHTiH ohb 

eifOTpHTB CB TOTOH SpiHIfl eOTeOTBeRHO-Hay^HOfi, a He BROHOHHie- 

*ORoil; OHB HiTB npHAaeiB He to SHa^enie, RaRoe HJrb npBA&dToa h 
>AojracHo npHAaBaTBCH bb BROHOMH^ecRott HayRi. TeHAeai^oBHO hoa- 
^TaBjrflH BtfiftoTo oahhxb noHHTit ApyriH, eny, ROEe^HO, ne TpyAHo 

'6liJL0 npVATH KB RaRHHB yrOAHO BSBOAaMB. 

B. 9<))pyGH. 



r 



KOniAHbfl JlOPOrA. 

r. SyziepMaHa. 



xn. 



Ha cJi^syio^ee yrpo BojiecjuaBib BaaorB n co6oio pyxBe h 
ornpaBHjrcfl wb Jiici, CuBinlt vb CH%ry. Q^&raft aohl npomaTaJica 
OHx, H6 BcrpifEWb AH oAHOft HejiOB^HecKoft xymE. OjieHairb h 
aatitaiTb TaRse nenero 6ujio CoHTBca ero: ohi cxpijuurb wimo 
Em, FB Bossyn. 

0% HacTyojneHieicB hohh, HSHeMoxeHHiiS h HeciacTHufl, sep- 
Hyjicfl offb AOMoft* Ha RomaHBefl Aopor6 HenoABHSHO, cjiobho 
CTavyfl, CToaora Pemna h xsajia ero. YBHAaffB ero, ona nyrB 
6hjio ho 6pocHJiacB eicy na BCTpiHy, ho cnozBaiEJiacB h, thxo 
^iflCB H 6opMo?a ^To-To npo ceCfl, nomia snepexH nero sonot. 

Moji^a^ saR'B Bcerxa, nosajna ona eiiy icTB. Oh'b &d[i, ho 
noxPHMafl rjia8!B. Bxpyn okb ycjiHmaji'B CAepsaHHoe cyxopoasHoe 
pHX&Hie. 

— ^TO CB T060fl?— BOCRJOEBHyJI'B OWhj BHBej(eHHilft HB'B CBO- 

eS saAynHBocTH. 

Ho OHa, He otb^thbi eny, BB^diauuia hbi RoxHaTu* 
Owb ^yTB 6hilo He 6pocHJicfl sa Heft, ho RpyTo ociaHOBEJiicfl 
I CHOBa cijTB Ha M^CTO. B'B neiTB RHH'ljia Tynaa 8Jio6a. Owb ne 
MorB eniie npocTHTB eft, ^to ona OTHJUia y nero Me^iy, cb ro- 

TOpofl OHl SHJI'B H^ROJIBRO EQK^. 

Ho TenepB HysHO 6ujio buhhtb ^amy jsfi ffBa, RaROBa 6hL 
HH 6iuia ropoHB ocaxRa. 

Repeal H^ROTopoe Bpexa PerHHa CHOBa sonuia bi ROMnaty, 
4>xiTaa no AopoxHOKy. 

— Tii yxoffnnBp—cnpocHJTB owb ee cypoBO. 

Ona OTBepHyjia rojOBy, hto6u ohi ne saiiiTHJrB ea saiuia- 
RaHHH£B rjra». 

— SaBxpa RaHyffB PoxAOCTBa XpscTOBa, rocnoxini. JIa- 

aOHHHRl CRasaJTB, HTO XOHerB OTAUZaTB BB 9T0irB A^HB. 

RaHysTB PosAecTBa! KaRi dTO cipaHHo SBynHTB, RaKB CRa« 



1 12 P7CGK0B BOFATCTBO. 

8OHH0! SnaHHTb, Bi Mlpi ecTB emfi paflocTB h paxocTHUH Topxe- 
CTBal JIiOAH BC6 emfi eecejio KpyacaTC^i Bospyrb cLiid^hx'b ejioKbt 

— Te6i 6h xot'6jiocb nojiy^HTB ^o;^apoKB, PeraHa?— cnpo- 

CHITB OHl CB ropBROft yjIu6E0t. 

— Axil rocnoAHHi! — BOspasHJia ona, — s^icB HERorAa He Csjio- 
drofl MOABi. M ^ 6^ H6 paAOBaaacB coBcim! 

— IIoTOMy? 
Ofla KOJiefiajiacB. 

— IIo8BOJiBT6 MHi HATH, rocnoAiiHi»! — CEasajTa OHa CMyil^eHHO* 

— Mh^ HyxHO emfi MHorom ie6a pascnpocHTB, PersHa. 

— 9to npHfleiM OMoaHiB, rocnojHH'B, a to... 

— Hy, Tasi hah! 

— GnOROfiHOft H07H, fochoahh'b! 

— CnoRofiHoft hohhI— Ho ohb emfi pasi sepHyarB ee. 

— Cnepsa, npHSHafloi mh^, noioMy xii BApyrB pacHJiaRajiacB? 
Bi ea HORpacHiBniHxi rjiasaxi 6jiecHyjii oroHeR'B sacTin- 

HHBOft paAOCTH. 

— Bu Mosere caia xoraxaTBca, rocHOAHHi,— oTB^THJua oh& 
HepiniBTejiBHO. 

— GoBciHi He Mory. 

— IIoTOHy, ^0 H (SoHJuacB, vo BB KOEnjb rohhiobi bh He 
BepHeiecBl 

Ona noBepnyjiacB h Biimjia. SlarH efl Baifepjni BOHpaRi..* 
Ha citiA7K)n^ee yrpo BoJiecnaBa pa36yAHJi'B a^bho yse xpe- 
BOSHBDiift ero bo cni niyMB h TpecR'B. 

EypH 6ujra bi nojmoiTB pasrapi. Biiepi rnyjTB BepxymRH 
Tonojieft H xjsecTajTB ho hhitb, Rani yxapn 6HHa; cr^fb npy- 
sHJicfl HO seMifi, HO 6uiL0 HCHO, H MHTejEH, RasaJiocB, He^ero 
6iao onacaTBCH. OcTaBaiLca bb nycToieB, xojiOAHOirB aoitIChjio 
HeBOSMOXHO. Ohb BumejTB Ha Bos^yxi, na Bcrp^^y 6ypi. 

— 7 HOH ceroAHH iflxeJiaH pa6oTa, — ^7^^*^ oh!b, sd,ffixeach 
OTh cbsepnaro B^Tpa, ROJtoBmaro ero sbho tohrhmh jieAflHUMH 
HrjiaifH.Bi Jiicy 6ujio neMHoro XHine. Tbitb 6ypfl GymeBajia chjib- 
H^e jnimB Ha BopxymRaxi A^pesBeBi, CRpHH^BinHxi h Tpe^aBHrnxi^ 
OTB ea nanopa. Ohb mejrB, caH'B He BHan Ryxa, h onyrHJiCH na 
Aopori BB BoRejiBAop^. 

— )I, RasexcH, 6iry eft naBcrpi^y,— BHfipaHHjm ohx ce6H h 

Cl rH^BHUICB CM^XOICB HOBepHyJTB Bl siCEJK) HanQT. 

— YAHBHieJiBHO, — ^AynaJTB ohb,— RaR^B TaRoe hhsroo coba^- 

Hle, npH HOCTOHHHOft COBH^CTHOft SH3HH, HOXerB SaHflTB H^CTO 

Bi> MHCJiflX'B cepBesHaro h A^JieRO ne jierROMMCJieHHaro ^eatosi- 
Ra.— Eify 6wL0 hohth CTpaniHO npHSHaiBCH ceCi, hto ona cb 
RaxAmi» ffl^Kb A'^ftdTCfl eicy Bce 6jiHxe h 6j[Hse, h hto mho- 
roe, ^TO HpexA6 BusBajio 6u b'b hoicb ysacB h oTBpan^esde r% 
Heft, lenepB RasajEOCB eny HOHaTHUHi, npocTHTeJiBHuiii m hohth 

BeJIHRHirB. 



r 



\ 



EOmAHBfl AOPOFA. 113 

HecoMH^HHO, conpHKOCHOBOHie Cb neio ^(^ftcTBOBaxo Ha Hero 
xypHO. Ona ero isbjm bhhsx, b'& thhj cBoero codcTBeHHaro ne- 
KocToftHaro cyniiecTBOBaHLa. 

Heo6xoAHMO 6opoT&cfl Cb dTHMi sioitb. IIpeJKAe Bcero naxo 
yxaxHTB ee on ce6fl h CHOBa nociaBHTB Aa m^cto ciyxaHKH. 
PoxAOGTBeHCKift npaoAHHK npescxaBJiaen jAofiHuft npoAJnon 60- 
rare h H(expo BOSHarpaxHTB ee sa Bce, h diHirb HaBcerxa 
OHHCTHTB CBoft jsfiSTb uepoA^ HeH). BsHaxoMi nepa oh% xortji^ 
ofiesneuTB ea (Syj^^HOcn h, BuricTi cb t^itb, KynHib ce6i 
npaBO CHOTpixB Ha nee, KaKB Ha cboh) spiHOCTHyH), niirb ona, 
vh . cyn^HOCTH, h 6iuia. 

CeroAHfl, B'b nocJu^xHift pasrby ohh npoBexyn Benepi Bui- 
crt. Buy eni(e HysHO Roe-Tro BUBix^TB orB nea, noTony ira 
HanaB'B ee pascnpamsBaTB, ohb AOJSxeH'B 6ujrb ysnaTB yse Bce 
rtxi XByx'B CTpamsux'B Ho^axi, kotopka ctoajih nepeA^ hhicb^ 
KaKB npecTyimeHie h rpixi, o6jniTue rpobbh) h njiaMeneMB. 

— Korsa ona ichI HcnoBiAy^ca ffl ROHi^a, — AyMairB om,— 
TOFAa a CHOBa OTonuDO ee bi opansepeio. IlycTB ce6% coxxcerB 
xoTB BecB napicBy ecjiH 6yAerB nepsHyTB on xojEOxa. Boo6i]^e 
xe He cjAxjerb xaicB hhofo ^QTMaiB Heft. Oel pinnurB nojuo- 
XHTB Kone^B BceMy aioiiy. 

nepe6i2KaBniifi xopory saaiti jsia^irb Apyroe nanpaBJieHle ero 
MHCJUUTB. Ohb BUCipijmjQrB 2 HonaJTB. SaftHOHOR'B TpH pasane- 
peRyBupnyjECJi h ociajica jiesaiB HenoABHSHo, yxRHyBniHCB ho- 
com Bi seMJiK). 

— Ona o6pajQreTCfl! — noAyvajinb ohb, nepeRiAUBafl nepes'B 
HJieHO CBOH) Ao6H?y. Ohi onaiB yse Ay^suii net. 

MexAy TiiTB, He6o noRpujiocB lyHaHH. Crbosb ctbosu A^pe- 
BBeBi saveJiBRajin cnixHue xjiohba. Si saBUBaniH) h poBy 6ypH 
crajTB npHMinraBaTBCfl ahrIA, xaHHCTBeHHuft monon, otb roto- 
paro y nero npo6^bxajiH no lijiy MypamRH. 

Ronnaci houofb eny naftTH Aopory Aovoft. Eorxa owb bu- 
meJTB Hsi Jiica, KfliejiB 6wLdk bi hojihoitb pasrapi. Oh% e^Ba 
HorB ycTOflTB Ha Horaxi. CH^jRHaa saBica BHcijia bb Bos^yxi. 
He BHAHO 6huio H cjrbAft RyciapHHROBib napRa, HaxoAHBoiaroca 
vb RaRHX%-HH6yAB TpexcTaxx maraxi otb nero. 

— HaAO Hiu(iaTBCfl, hto OHa Aona,— noAynajn ohi, CBipy- 
AOMi npo6HpaflCB BnepoA'B. 

Ha Roma^Beft Aoporl BunaorB CBixift CH^rB, ho cJiiAOBx ho 
6ujio BHAHO. MoxerB 6inB, hx'b sanecjio yxe cwbvowb. 

CepAife y nero cxynajio. Okb no6'bxaj['B r'b AOHy, rpoMRO 
ORJiHRHyjn ee no hmohh, ho oxB^ixa He nocjt'^AOBajio. Hjiaxa 6h[Jih 
xojiOAHafl, nocxeJiB ocxaBajiacB nexponyxoft. 

OneBHAHO, PerHHa nonajia bi caMyio UHxejiB, Roxopoft 60&' 
jacB 6oJQ[Bnie, h^itb HIpanAeHiiOB'B. 

Ero oxBaxHJio uyqnxejiBHoe QesnoRoficxBO. Ohl cxaji'B 6*1- 

M 9. OTX&r& I. 8 



114 PyCCKOE BOPATCTBO. 

raib H8i ROHHaxu wb RouHaTy, noioMi passejTB oroH& h onaib 
noiytnHJTb ero, nonpo6oBaji'B icrh h cb orBpan^eniem CpocEjn 

BAPyn ero ipeBora noRasajiacB eiiy CM^iiiHoft. B'& npo- 
^lOJEraKenie mecTH Jtirb ona xoffuia b'b 67PK) h iiATeJiB, h HHRorxa 
CbHeftHHnero He cjiyHajiocB. IIoHeMy xeHenpeifiHHO ceroxHs... 

%o6u y6HTB BpeMA, oh'b c^jtb kb iracBueHHOHy CTOJiy h 
OKo^eH^BimucH najDObi^aMn HanHcajTB jiapcTBeHHoe hhcbmo. ^bcjio, 
HaiiHcaHHoe'B'B neifB, coctoajio h81 neiHpexi SHaBOBX. PeniHa 
Morjia 6sTB AOBOUHa. 

CA^aiocB BSBfi * Teifflie. %coBafl CTp^aisa noKasiiBaJia TpH 
Haca, a iiexAy t^mi, .KasajEOCB, HaciynaJia yse ho^b. 

Eify He ch^cIjiocb 6oJSBnie bi EOHHaii. Ohi piniHjrB aoAth 
XO Eoma^Beft Aoporn, nocMOTpiiB, ne Hxen-jra ona. 

EMy npmnjiocB AopsftTBca sa nepHjra, 'Tro6Bi ne cjivAtb 
BHH81. ^epeBAHHoe coopysenle 0!nuumHO Tpen^ano. Ha 6ojiBinoft 
TJi^6mi Ha JiBAy, KpysHJiHCB cnnpajiBHiie BHxpH csira. CTe6jra 

JDUllft HOAHHMBJIHCB BBepXl H HCHesaJTH Vh KJ^i &bjLOi HUJIH, 

ROTopsui yHOCHCJsacB Aaume, ycTynafl iticTO ApyraicB. IlepeA^ 
HHJTB Ha MHHyiy OTRpujDLCfl caAi» MaAOHu, HO ceftnacB »e Hciesi, 
aacjdOHeHHiift APyrHMH npeAMeTami. 

BApyrB Ha ^oni cipux'B cynepeRi BucTymuia t^hb, roto- 
paa, R0JE[e6jKacB, ciajia MeAJieHHO npH6juiaRarBCJi Kb neiiy... 

— PeinHa! cjiasa Boryl 

Oh'b xoT^jt'B 6pocHTBCfl kb net na BCTp'6?y, ho vl to Bpeiui 
RaRi Bca RpoBB ero xjomyjia r'b cepAiiy, ero chjibho oxnaTHJio h 
HyBCTBO CTHAa, napajoipsoBaBmee ero ^jiqeu. 

Ha ToicB caMoiTB MicTi, TA^ owh ceroAHfl ee sa&Ji^> CTOJUia 
OHa BHepa, BrjuHAUBaacB bi leMHOTy, noToxy hto 8a6oTa neifB 
He ffiB2L3Lh et noROK), RaR^B ceroAHfl eity 8a6oTa neft. 

Oaho MrHOBOHle eny xot&iocb crputbcji b'b RyciarB, ^to6ii 
ona ero ho sauinjia, ho MHHyTy cnyciA eify ciajio ctkiaho sa 
CBoe MaJOAynile, h ohi nomejii Rib nefl Ha Bcrpiny no Roma- 
HLeft Aopori. 

— TeGi Tflsejio, PerHHa;— 8aRpHHajrB owb ei n Bepxy ft.* 

XOT^l B8iiTB y Ee& MimORl, ROTOpuft OHa HeCJia Ha CHHffb. 

Ho OHa 6BICTP0 OTCROHHJia, OTTOJiRHyFB era ^oicreiTB. Onane^ 
Morjia roBopHTB, noTOxy hto ea poTB h hoctb <teJiH 8aRyTaHHt 
naiaTROiTB. ^^ : 

Ohh nonuiH pjiAOirB MOJiHa. J RpujiBAa ona noBepnyjiacB n 
copBajna HJiaiOKB cb fojiobu. 

— y MOHH KB Ban npocBCa, fochoahh'b, — CRaeaxa ona, 
eaAuxancB. 

— Hy? 

— OcTaHBTecB eniie cb hojii naca Ha ABOpi Hjnei habto bs 
Vh RyxHK): a 8aTonjiio ne^Ry h y6epy ROMnaTy. 



-1 



[ 



KOIHA^Bfl flOPOFA. Hi 

— PasB'ft Tu He 0TA0XH6ii£b ciiepBa? 4 : 

— IIoToirb, rocnoxHHX, ecjiH nosBomne! ^ 
Ona Bonuia bi aoitb h bi xeMHort onycniJia* na nojTE CBOto 

^omy. 

— II7CT& ee caoKoftHO ytfeperL Bce,— noAyicajn owh h no- 
tnejTL iTL pasBajiBHairb HCRaTB yfiiaunnia. 

Es^ noxBaJia Bifljio TenjEoiirL Bossyxoirb. Ohi saseri CB'6nRy 
m cnycTocfl bhhsi no CROJibSRHirb cryneHBRairb. Eny 611010 
TaRi xo porno, laRi Jierso Ha xynrl, Rani 6yAT0 6u Posa^tboh- 
cfUft coHenHHRi npHHecB eny Bon b^tl RaRyio paxocTB. 

Oh'b jBHAiiTB 6yTBijBKH cb BEHOM^CB 6sLecTBmfim sejieHiniH 
H KpacHHMH apjiURaini. 

— IlycTB OHa BHaerB, "ito ceroAHfl coHOiBHHRrBl — CRasajTB 
oHi, yjiu6aflCB, h BBiranpuTB H8% Aa^Hflro yrja, b'b ROTopom 
^MJio otosoHO canoe xparoitiuHoe hsi bc^xi corpobhe^'b, napy 
6yrujioK^, coBepmeHHO noRpuTUX'B nayrHHOfl. B'B hhx'b 6un 
coR-b, eospiBmifl en^e uoKb cojmiteirB XYIII B%Ra. 

OO'B BCnOlCHHJI'B CBOOITL plmeHlH; HO OHO, vbjUbj AOJURHO 

BCTyiTHTB vb cHJiy JOHIB saBTpa. B'B VoxnjdcnmcKffo HOU co- 
eAHHHercfl h HecoeAHHAOMoe, bi cohojubhrkb hhrto He aojukohb 

13UTB OAHHORHITB H HeHaJIBHUITB. 

noRopHuft sejiaHiK) PerHHn, ohb cb hoji'b ?aca xoahjtb Bsaj^B 
a BoepeA'B no noABajiy, na o($jieAeHijiiixi crtnarB Roroparo ne- 
pejiHBajfacB apRan paAyra on csi^H. HaRoneA'B, oht> bsajtb 6y- 
TEaRE b HOAHAJica Ha Bepxi. 

IIpHtfjiHJKaflCB Kb AOMy, OH'B sairlTHjrB, HTO CTaBHH 6iiJiH sa- 
nepTBi, Hero HHRorAa ho cjiynaJiocB paHBrnai 

— HeysejQi 6ypfl npopBajiacB h bi h^ojih? — noAyvajTB ohb, — 
eo b'&a^ ni^ejni saROHonaneHu. Tojibro na noport ohb pasraAajn 
secanyio saraA^y* Ci^ion^afl paAOCTBio h CMyn^eHHafl, PerHna mn- 
poKo pacnaxnyjia nepoA^ hhitb ABepB ero ROKHara. Ohi ocTa- 
BOBHita}, omejioiuieHHHft. 

GocHOBBifi sanaxi h csirB ropiBnnixi CBinefl noHecjmcB 
eify Ha Bcipi^y. Ha noRpuTOiTB 6'ljiot CRaxepTBio ciOJii cTOflJia 
pojBAecTBeHCRaa ejiRa, pasyRpameHnas bocrobbimh CBinaMH h 
sojiaruME aSjiORami. RoMHaia ciJiJia RaRHifB-TO mephhitb h 

TopJEeCTBeHHHlTB CB^TOITB. 

E^e HHRorAa bi shshh a^ih nero ne ropijia posAOCTBOHCRafl 

%SESky E TOJUBRO Cb qyjROFO HOpOra OHB CMOTp^JTB BCOrAa CO CJIO- 

Baita ea rjiasaxi na aro nysoe cnacTBe. 

Fa'^ 6iua PerHHa? Ona croAJia sa ero CHHHoft, npHxaBnracB 
B^ caifHft TeMHuft yrojTB cinefli w CMOTp|Qia. na nero CMyn^eHHO 
u ropAejiHBO. 

Owb cxBaTHJii ee sa pyRy h BTainpiJii'B bi ROMHaiy. 

^ RaRi Te6i npBnuia era mhcjib^ ahta? 

— RoTAa & ceroAHA yTpom npHnuna r^ JiiipHHHRy, ero JRena 

8* 



.^♦: 



116 pyCGKOE BOrATGTBO. 

KERi pas'B y6Hpaia posAecTBeHCByio eJTRy. Msi noHpasHJiocB^ 
H a nosyMajia: nyciB y Hero Toase 6yAerb ejisa, mto6u ob% 
BHaJnif ^TO H Hem saSoraTCfl. fl nonpocHJia noRasaTB uni, 
RaRi BOJioTflTB fl6j[0KH, RyHHJia cfiiHRH H BSfljia cs co6ojB[ m^ 
morb, vo6u bu He saM^THJiH ejom. 

— A KTO Te6i KBkJTb ee? 

— H caMa q)y6HJD[a na onyniK'6 Jiica, HeAaoieKo otoojubl. 

— B^ laRyio 6ypH) h icaiejiBl 

Ona npespHxejiBHo sacir&uiacB. — %o se mh^ cxiJiaeTca 
on B%Tpa, rocnoxHHi»i — H B^q^yn, npexaBaacB CBinioft pa- 
Aocn, OHa saspBHaJia:— 01 nocMOTpHTe, rocnoAHei, Kara ona 
spacHBO ropHTb H RaRB nyAHO cuoTpHTi. He npaBxa-JiH, y nea 
TaROft Cjiaro^ecTHBuft bh^b, KaRi 6yAT0-6u ee npHHeci anrearB? 

Owh corjiacHJica yomfiRoft h CRaBan h^crojibro HaiAHy- 
Tsixi cJiOBi 6jiaroAapHociH, hto6u Ha. noRasaTBCfl nepesnypiB 
TpoHyrniTB. . ■* 

Ho H dToro noKasajiocB eft yse cnmRoirB MHoro. 

— Onero Bu^taKB roBopHie, rocnoAHH'b? — CRasaoia oha cb 
ynpeRoiTB. — ISiffB aro a Bce na saniH jasshVK Rymua. 7 moha 
BiffB H^TB OBOHxi. M^B, Si tiwoA HejiOBiRi, a to, arBl a la 
6h..« fl ona noAHJerjia pyRH RBepxy. 

Owb BCnOMBHJTB HpO CBOO A&pCTBeHBOe . HHCBMO. OhB npOM- 

HyjTB eft JiHCTORi h CRaaaji^;r .^ 

— BoTB Te6'6, hto6h tk bilj^^^ hto a TaRse noAyMaiTB o 
posxecTBeHCROMi noAapRi Asa Te6a. 

Ona CHOTp'&ia na nero, HB^ero ho noHHuaa. 

— fl AOJUKHa 8T0 npoiecTB? — ciipocHJia ona h no^nsreoiBHO 
BSJiJia BB pyRH 6yMary. 

HpoGisaBB HaHHcaHHoe, ona paciepaHHO orjiaHyjiacB bo sci 

CTOpOHH. ^ 

— Th He noHHMaeniB? • ^/^ ; 

— 01 a HOHHMaK), rocnoAHHB. Ho, B0-nepBuz%)^BEi,'aj^lt^,~9iQ 
Be cdpBesHo... a ecjoi... cepBesHo, laRi ri n^ny hh*! aro? 

— OOeeoe^HTB TBOH) 6yAyn^H0CTB. 

— Moa 6yAynilH0CTB oCesne^ena. H cjiiwrq Imb, oxiBaiocB, 
RaRB AftMa. ?ero-se mh^ en^e HysHO? - 

— Ho, B^AB, He MomeirB se mu BcerAa ocTasarBca airlcTil 
Ona HcnyraHHO BCRpBRHyjia. 

— Passl BH xoTHTe MOHa npornaTB, rocnoAHHB? — cnpocHaa 
OHa, yMOJLflu^e caoacHBB pyRH. 

— H-Itb. Ho npoAcraBB ce64, ^ro a yMpy. 
Ona saAyinHBO noRa^iaaa roaoBoft. 

— TorAa h a yMpy,— CRasaaa ona. , * ^ 

— HjiH; BApyrB mh^ i^HAOTca oinpii^HTBca na Boftny. 
>^ TorAa a noftAy MapRHTaHTROft sa BaMH. 

Buy eiaaa Heiq^iaiHa ea nacToft^HBOCTB. 



EoniA^Lfl AOPOrA. 117 

— A^^) Kai^ sHaeniB, — cnasajTB ohi, — ho 6epH, hto a 
^e6i flaio. 

— Xopomo, rocDOAHfli, — OTB^THJia OHa^ noAynaB'B,— a BOSBicy 
BTQ, HO sa TO B% 6yA7n^ee PosAecTso a noxapio Bam* to, ^io 
HH^ saxoqoTca. — M o6paAOBaBniHCB aioft mucjih, ona Bufiisajia 
irai KOHHara. 

EjiKa noracjia h cbpomho CTOHJia bb yrjiy y ne^RH. JEhhib, 
BpeiEja DIB BpeMeHH, otCjuockb ea sojiotuxb yRpamemt AOCiHrajnB 
cTOJFa^ 3a KOTopBiirB 6apHHB H cnyxaHKa chji^Ijiih Apyi^ npoiHBB 
Apyra. 

PemHi paspimoHO 6wio ceroAHH yKHnaiB Buicrb; ona nyB- 
CTBOBaia ce6a ohohb hojiobko h hotoh HH^ero ne 'Ijia. BasHsoei 
HeojEBAasHoe cnaciBe oineJiOMHJio ee. 

IIocyAa 6fi[Jia yCpana. Ha ciojii ocTaJUiCB tojibbo ciasaHH 
H 6yTUJiKH. Ona ciajia hhtb cxapoe, KpinKoe bhho 6ojiBnraMH| 
ataAHHMH MOTBaMH. JIhi^o ea pasrop'ijiocB. Faasa tohho csep- 
Kajm Hst noffB nojiyonyn^eHHUXB viKb. Ona BunpaMHJiacB h 
aoiaeyjiacB na cbobmb iiicrl. RaBaa-ro cipacTHaa HCTOMa OBaa- 
AijL^ em; pyRH ea OescaJiBHO onycTHJuacB. 

— Th ycraia, PerHna? 

Oea HeiepnijiHBO saKanajia roJiOBoft. Ea sactiHTOBociB, Ba- 
sajiocL, HC^esJia. Fjiasa CBepBajiH BusuBaion^HMB 6aecB0MB. 

B'B H6MB BHHO laBxe saacTao ofohb. BarjuaAi^ Cujtb npHBOBaaB 
ifB pocKoiHHOft $Hryp'6 BaBXaHBH. 

Eypa TiifB BpeMeneifB Bce 6ymeBajia, saBUBaa bb yrjiaxB h 
rpovKo cTyqa bb cxaBHH. Kpuma TaBB xpeniiajia h CBpHnijia, 
t5f;^ro rposHaa pasaeTiiBca bb Ape668rH. 

— EoiocB, BaBB-6u HenpoHsomjio Hec^acTBa,— CBasajTB ohb, 
HpHCJiymHBaacB. 

— nycTB ce6i,— Bospaanaa ona cb MeHTaTeaBHofl yjai6E0fl 

H CBemHJiaCB. 

— SI jsjyLSJO, rocnoxHHB,— CBasaaa ona HenpHHysA^HHo, — tto 
Hexopomo, "no bu laBB Ao6pii bo mh^. 9 bcio cbok) shshb bh- 
A'ijta lOiEBEO 6paHB h no6oH, cnepBa otb OTi^a, hotohb otb nero, 
yjKB H6 roBopa o ^ysHxi. Bhaho, a h ne sacaysHBaH) HHHoro 
jiy^maro, Ecan vft bu Mena HsCaayexe, to a BOsropsycB, a 
ropAocTB — xaaBeaaa noma, roBopaxB CBan^eHHHBB... 9 Boo6pasy, 
HTo DpeBpaTHaacB bi npHHi^eccy h hto ho Mory 6oaBme Cbitb 

CJiyjEBEKOB. 

H oea paspasHaacB rpoMBHHB ciiixoMB h 6e8CHaBH0 ony- 
cTBJia pyBH. IIoTOifB npoAoaacaaa pimey BaRB-6u roBopa caiia 
c^ codofl: 

— ^a H cayacaHsa-aH a, bb caicoirB A^ai? HnorAa uwb Ba- 
^eTca, HTO a saBoaAOBannaa npHHUecca, h tto bh, rocnoAHHi, 
^eHa ocBo6oAHTe. Bu ocboCoahto Mena, a&? 

#iOHa CBepBHyaa na nero cbohhh ropaniiHMH raasami. 



118 P7CCK0E BOFATCTBO. 

Owb xpyasecKH KHSHyjrb eft roJioBofl. Ilycib ona BHTaen Bik. 
iieHTazi. Biff> ceroAHfl PosxecTBO. 

— BuBajm lasie otynaH, — npoAOJisasa ona:— OAHa npRH]](ecca. 
6ujiia o6paic(eHa bi nepenaxy. JIjohvl bi Hoe 6pocajui KaHOHJuiMH,, 
njieBajiH h& nee h KpHHajui: 766fiTe rpasHyio nepenaxy! H Bce* 
TaKH Bi Heft CHAiJia npsHi^ecca. 

— PaSBi TU BipHQIB A^TCKHICb CKaBRaH'b? — CnpOCHJIl OHlt 

yAHBJieHHO. 

Ona THxo sacniflJiacB. 

— Hirb, rocnoAHH'B. Ho Korja ctojibro ^acoBi CHAHmb oxHa- 
OAHHemeHBRa, to Ha^o se o neiTB-HHSyAB xynaTL. A b'b nojii^ 
Rorsa JiBerb xosab, h saBUBaen 6ypfl... bu cjiumiiTe} KaKi 
OHa Cymyenf noAynaftTe, ecjai-6u a 6Hxa TenepB Tain>... B^joy 
A HacTO B% TaRyio noroAy 6uBajia bi nyxH. Ho h HHRorAa h&^ 
HyBCTBOBaJia hh aosaa, hh 6ypH: h BXOAHJia bi Jiich h cnpa- 
mHBasa ce6fl; xoneniB 6htb KopojteBOft h cha^tb Ha sojioiom 
Tponi^? BJiH xonemB 6utb BiABMofi h ciepeTB Bcixi mpaHAen- 
j^OBi Bi nopomoRi? hjih MOserB 6iitb xohohib npocTO 6utb 6a- 
puHeft H... ona ocTaHOBHJuacB. 

— H? 

Ona noTanyjiacB h CMy^eHHO saciiiflJiiacB. 

— dioro A He CRasy, 8to cjraniRoirB rjiyno. Oahhmi cjio- 
Bowbj MHi ocTaeTCJi TOJSBRO BuCapaTB. B'b TO BpeMfl, RorAa a 
HAy BO MpaRfl H TyMani, a pHcyio ce6i Tuca^y RapxHHi m 
BHesanno oRaauBaiocB bi EoROJiBAop^i, RaR^ 6yATO-6H a nepe- 
Tijia TyAa Ha RpujiBAxi. HnorAa uwb m RasexcH, hto a Jieqy. 
61 SHSHH Bce Tou-Bi-Tou, RaRb B'B CRasRi. He npaBAa-JiH, ro- 
cnoAHHi? 

Owb CMOTpiJTB Ha nee ch TaRHicB j([io6onuTCTBOM'B H Hayicie- 
mem, RaR:B-6yAT0 b^ nepBuft pasi ee^BHA^JTB. H, A^ctBHTejiBHo, 
OHT> BnepBue sarjiAHyji'B fb ea Ayniy, TaRi» RaRi bhho pasBH- 
sajio eft a^uKh* TenepB eiiy icHoroe bi neft CTano acho, hto ho 
CMTb nopi RasanocB HenoHHTHHHi. 

— G^acTJiHBoe cosAame! — npomenraii ohi. 

— Kohohho, cnacTJiHBoei — BOBpasiiJia ona cuijio h nojo- 
SHJta JiORTH Ha CTOJii, HorjiflA^Bafl Ha Hero^usuBaion^e. — Gh- 

A%TB Ob BaMH H HHTB BHHO^ ^BCTBOBaTB, W:0 CO MHOft 06p^- 

ntaioTCfl, RaR'B cb ^eatOBiRoin — 8to see paBHo, hto nonacTB b:b 
i^apcTBO He6ecHoe... Bu AynaoTe, ^to a nonaAy TyAa?.. SI ne 
AyMaio... Aa a, wl cyn^HOCTS, h 6ok)cb TyAa nonacTB... bi axy 
ropasAO Boceji^e... H h npHHaAJiesy aAy... Fochoabhi CBAn^eH- 
kuLKb B'b 6uiLoe BpeKfl HasuBajii Mena ^epTeHRom, h a HHRorAa 
dTHMi se oropnaJiacB. £1 neiiy nwb orop^aTBCA? Si 6u31b ^op- 
TOMi, a EjieHa— anrejioicB. E Bce 6wio npoRpacHO ycTpoeno*.. 
He npaBAa-JKH, rocnoAHHi., hto EoieHa HacTOBn^ifi, acHBofl aH- 
rejTB? Ona TaRaa 6iaM h posoBaa, a rjiasa y hoa TaRia SQ^y- 






KoniA^M AOPorA. 119 

Sue,.. H OHa Bcerja xoffHJia co cjioxeHHUiui pyRaMH h HOCHJia... 
fipacHBUfl JieHTu... BOKpyrb men h scerAa on nefl nauo... po- 

SOBEUTB MUJIOirb... 

Ohi noxojiOA^^. CiiyTHoe ^bctbo noACKasuBano eHy, qio owk 
poHJien ce6A h BosjooCjieHHyio, nosBOJuiJi nosjubOBoA csysssEsA 
rOBOpHTB Heft. 

— Saiiojrail— KpHKHyjTb owb te^buo. 

Ona OTBinuia eny jramb coHHmrB cicilxoirb. Bhho h ycTa- 
jtocTB BApyn coBepmeHHO OAOJiijtH ee. Ona Jiesana, pacTAHyB- 
nmc^ Bi Kpecjrb, ortfpocBBi rosoBy Ha cnHHRy h 6opojiac& co 

CBOK% Bl 6JiaS6HH0in» OHBAHeHiH. 

Bi neiTb 6ymeBajii» th^bi, ROTopuS to ycHJEHBaica, to cicflr- 
lajicji, BaBib nopuBii 6ypH. 

— 3to x^cTBle BHHa, — HoxynaJTb ohb h BtiiniJii CHOBa. 
Owb norbjL'h ee pa86yAHTB n BucJiaTB BVb ROMHam, ho ho 

HOFE OTOpBaTB OTl Hefl TJiaB'B. OhI 00 HOMHOry cicarHaJiCA. 

— Ona He HMijia jiypnoro HauipenlH,— noAyvajrb ohi, cjho- 
x,nB'h pyRH H noAOftxA 6jui3R0 ri» Heft.— M^b ona bi hocji^a- 
Bift pasi y MeHJi CHXHTib, n saBTpa Bce 6yxeTB 8a6uT0. Gi sas- 
TpaniHflro aha ona Syjerb bha^b bo mh^ tojibro rocnoAHHa. 

ElCy BCnOMHHJIOCB Bce, hto ohb xot^jtb y hoji BUCnpOCHTB. — 
Xopomo, qio TaRB, — noAyMajiB ohb,— rb ^eny nopiHTB ce64 

COHeJIBHHRBi Bb KPJTOt paSB. 

Bypfl, RasanocBy emfi ycHJiHJiacB. Sbmrh SBonijiH, ctbbhh CTy- 
^ajiH. Bb cyn^HOCTH, acecroRO BHioHJiTB ee bb ofijeAeH^Binyio 
TenjniiQr. 

— PeriHa! — saRpH^ajTB ohb, cxBaTHBB ee sa njieqH. 

Bi BTy MHHyTy pasAaoiCJi TaROft TpecRB h rpoxoTB, tto, rb- 
sajiocb, o6pymHJiHCB ct^hu h hojib. 

PerHHa rpoMRO BCRpHRHyjua^ noniiTajiacB cxBaTHTB ero pyRy 
H CHOBa onycTHJiacB na CTyjiB. Oh'b Bumejui ysnaTB, hto cj[y- 
HHjiocB. Bi ciHJiXB HH^ero He 6ujio saiiiTHo, ho rofab ohb 

OTRpiiUIB ABepB BB TeHJIHI^y, OFO BCfpiTHJlB TaROft BHXpB cHira, 

T01BO OHB BiimejTB Ha yjiHiiy. EpyroMB — TeMnan ho^b. Ohb Bep- 
HyjicH H saserB ^napB. IIpeACTaBmafl nepoAB hhitb bb hpromi 
ocBimemH Rapi^a paspymeHlA npeBsonuna Bci ero HanxyAmiH 
opeAHOJioaReHifl. 41 

I^apcTBO PerHBH, hsb ROToparo ona CesmynHO h HesaM^THo 
ytipaBJDEHJia bcImb aomomi*, npeBpaTHJiocB bb rpyAy pasBaiHHB. 

Kpuma TpecHyjia nonoJiairB h yBnoRJia sa co6oft ?acTB cri^Hu. 
MejKAy ABopBK) H HJiHToft JD[ejRaiBcyrpo6BBBnejiiOBiqecRiftpocTB, 

ISB ROTOparO TOpnajni 6aJD[RH,.RHpnHHH H OCROJERH CTeROJTB. 

%o TenepB a^&tb) RyAa a^bstb PeniHy? HeyaReara-se ohb 
HOSBOJOiTB eft JnesBTB HB Hopoii, RaR'B co6aRi? JlyHmeoHi noft- 
AeiB Bi pasBajiHHu h OTHH^erB ce6i m^cto hoab cboabmh ho- 
rgeCa. 



120 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

OsTb 6uCTpO p-lmEJICfl. OCTaBBJIOCB TOJIBKO OAHO CpOACTBO. 

HyacHO 6ujio hmi BocnojiBsoBaTBCH. 

Ohi> BUTan^HJii HBx-noA'B CHira nocTejiB PeraHu, 8a6oTjniBO 
BKTpjiXHyjTB ee, TaE'B HTO Ha Heft ne ocTajDocB hh oxHoft cni- 
asHHKH, H BHeci» B'B KOMHaTy. Ha noJiy, Bxyrjiy y neHXHyHano^ 
JiOBHHy noAi> pojRAecTBeHCRoft ejiRoft, owh nocTJuajTB eft nocTeoiB. 

PerHHa cnajia, ocB'initeHHaa mhphuitb csiioirb Jiaicnu. 

Ohi noAomeoTb kI) neft, crani ssaTB h TOJiRaiB ee, ho pas- 
(SyAHTB PeniHy ne 6UJ10 HHEasoft bosmoshocth. 

ToFAa owb noAHAJTb ee, qioCu chocth Ha nocTejiB. Ona rjiy- 
60R0 BBAOXHyjiay o6xBaTHJ[a pyRami ero meio h onyciHJia roJUOBy 
Ha ero njieTO. 

CepAi^e ero sacTy^ajio. Oni RaRi 6yAT0 6oAJiCfl pocRomnaro 
Tijia, ROTopoe horohjiocb na ero pyRaxi. Ohi na nojuoBHHy npo- 
Heci, Ha HOJiOBHHy ^poTa^^u^B eronepes'b RonnaTy. Ea xuxanie 
ofiAaBBJio ero acapou... ea bojiocu npHRacajiHCB ri ero meft. 

EorAa oHi onycxHjrb ee, ona cipacTHo npoTXHyjia pyRH h npH 
8toii:b ypoHHJia eJio^Ry. 

Owb HOAHflJi'b'AepeBito h nocTaBHJTB, RaR'B nnipHfii, nesAy co- 
<5oK) H eio.— 3aBTpa & BOSABHrny RHiaftCRyio crtny,— noAyMajti 

OHl. 

SaiiM'B owb pasA'iJicfl h aerb cnaTB. 

CB^Ha Horacjia, ho CEi neqero 6ujio h Ayi'^aTB. GHapysH 
HeHCTOBCTBOBajia 6ypfl h vh GescHJODbHOMi CimencTBi pBajia saiiRH 
H saABHaucH. 

Ho BoJiecjiaB'B ne cjonnaji'B 6ypH. Owb npHCJiyniHBajicji kb 
AHxamio cnaBmeft acenn^HHii, h ero co6cTBeHHoe Auxame pasAa- 

BBJIOCB 60fl8JUIBO H TASOJIO BO Kpasi HOW. 



xin. 

«Ero BucoRopoAlH) 6apoHy EoJiecjiaBy ^OHiIIIpaHAeHy wb 
nipaHAeHCRift saMORi. 

?ecTB mwbro noRopHtftmenpocHTBBaine BucoRopoAie aBHTBca 
JHHHO 3 AHBapfly Bi 2 ^aca fjm n o6n^ee noiiiH^eHie MepRejua, 
Bi cejii nipaHAeni h bsbtb ci co6oft CyMar^PbBHA^TejiBCTByH)- 
n^H npHHaAJieaRHocTH ri» npyccRony JiaHABepy *). 

Ho HopyHeHlio oRpysHoro ROMHrera no a'^&b^ aaoABepa 
SaciAaieJiB RopoJiOBCRaro seMCRaro cyAa $.-RpoTReftirB> . 

9to hhcbmo BojiecjiaB'B nameorB bi an^Ri y noAieifflaro mo- 
cia Ha yrpo HoBaro roAa. 

Owb He cpasy nonajTB "^ecB yrposaion^ft cmhcjtb ero h 
TOJiBRo yAHBHJicfl, RaRHMi o6pa8oiii HaHaABCTBO HorjTO o6pa- 



*) SeMCKoe onojraeHie. 






• KomA^a joporA. 121 • :3r^ 

TiTL BHjiicaHle Ha ero BoeHHoe nponuioe. C'b rlxi nopi, 

EaKi. owb cHOBa npHHJiJii HMA CBoero OTKa, ohi pinmjii Ha- 

Bcer^a 3a6MTB JieftTenaHTa EaynrapTa. Oe'b hchojihhji'b ffljorh: 

owh uomejvh naBCTpiny cuepiH cb 6ojiBineft CMijiocTBio n pa- ;^ 

locTEofl roTOBHOCTBio, ^^Mi KHoile js^jTie. TenepB, ROFAa MBpi 

6uji'b aaKiiic^eHi, h ohi CHOBa BsaaJiHjnb ce6i Ha njie^H Homy 

Baatd^ACXBeHHaro nosopa, okl xejiajni orpaABTB cq6a otb 6e8- 

i^Hofl uepenHCRH h hh vh neuj ne BeAyn^ixi ofiibjicHeHifl. 

TojiBKo MaJio-no-Majny CTajii ohi noHHicaTB, RaslH hobua onacno- 
CTH ero oa£HAajiH. 7 Hero xoiiJiH othatb Bce, too y Hero eni^e 
ocTEBaJiocb H TOO ocBin^ajio ero HcnopHenHyH) schshl: neciB 
ero coji;^aT€Karo nponunaro. 

Bessan^BTHo ctohjii ohb nepeA'B rposHBHraifB eny Hec^aciieirB. 

IIpH fi^EOTopoMi seJiaHui ero noBeAenie jierRo 6wio c^bctb 
sa 6ircTB0 h3b apMiH h ocyAiTB ero; caifyK) nepeM^Hy hmohh 
uoxEo 6mm npn HacToanpixi oCcTOflTejiBCTBax'B nociaBRTB eicy 
fii npeciynjieHle. 

Chim> Capona ^OHB-inpaHAena He mofb pasc^HTUBaTB na to, 

^06£J JlijO HCTOJIROBaJIH BB OFO HOJEBSy. ECJIH-6u OFO TyTB-Xe 

apecTOBajiii, too6u npeAcraBHTB bt» BoennHfl cyA'B Toro OKpyra, 
Tji^i CTOJSJia ^acTB ero nojiKa, ohi ho MorB-6u[ noacajiOBaTBca na 
HecDpaeeAJiHBOCTB. 

EMy npemjia mucjub 6ircTBi, ho owb cb npeapHrejiBHHirB 

CMtsOlTB OfTOJIKHyjrB 00. 

Xbsbb TaRB HacTo 6ujiia eny BiiflrocTB, TO!0 ne ctohjio oxpa- 
flart ee. 

Ho iTo 6yAerB cb PerHHoft? Ero cepAKO safiEJiocB npn oroft 
MHCJiH. Oea HO HMijia npeAcraBJieHla o toitb, hto Buy yrpoxajio. 
Cb canaro co^ejiBHHRa ohi* roBopHJTB cb net tojibko no Heo6- 

XOARMOCTH H TOBOpHJUB CypOBO H HOBOJIHTeJIBHO. ROFAa OHl FJUi- 

AijuB, Ha nee, — too-to noAciynajio y Hero kb ropjiy, a KorAa 
OHB AyMajTB Heft, TO OHy AftBHJio rpyAB npoAHyBCTBle rpHAy- 
nptro HecnacTlji. 

Bei HOTOi HanpojnerB owb CesnoRoftHo Boponajicfl HanocTeJiH. 
Ohb ho ABHnuiacB bi cboomb yrjiy. RasajiocB, oh a RpioRO 
3aciuiajia bi Ty se ^MHHyTy, rbrt* onycRaJiacB na CBoe Jiose, 
HO oHa Auniajia thxo 'h nopuBHCTO, a otb BpeuoHH ao BpeneHH 
y H6H BU||[Bajicfl rj[iy6oRlft, cAepsaHHuft bsaoxb. 

Heyxeora ona Toxe ne cnajia? HeyseJin h ona npHCJiymH- 
"-^lacB? 

TaRHlTB oGpaSOlTB, HaCTyHHJTB AGHB, ROFAa AO^SHa 6ujia p%- 

OTBCJi cyAB6a EoJiecjiaBa. Kb yipy ohb, HaROHeiiB, ycnyjiB. 
tto paaCyAHJUi a^mb, RJiy6u ROToparo npo6HBaJiHCB rsb hoab 
■)epH cineft, taI oh'b yc!FpoHjrB BpeMOHHyio ne^Ry, wb oxHAaHlH, 
^FAa noroAa ycTaHOBHTca h hosbojihti npHBecTH bi nopHAORi 
^ ORJurayK) RpBiiny. 



122 P7GCK0B BOrATGTBO. 

Ctoaji'b cojme'iHufly acHuft MoposHuft jtfiBh. J^epeBBA 6vLsaB 
noRpuTu cepe6pHCT£urL HHeeifB, a no 6ijioHy CHiry CKOJEbasjis 
icflTKlfi nypnypoBuft cwkrb. 

Bee nocji^o6iAft BojiecjiaBi npHBOXHjn> bi nopaxoKi cboh 
6yMarH. HysHO 6ujio yHH^TOSHTB see, hto ROMnpoMeTXBpoBajio 
ero OTi^a: ecJiH ero ceroxHJi 8a6epyrB bi TiopBMy, to sasipa ^y- 
sifl pyRH 6yAyrb puTBca b'b 8thxi Kinaxi 6yMarb. 

Ohi yase Aepacajii bi pyRaxi nHCBMa, hto6u CpocHiB hxx 
B'B oroHB, HO BApyrB nepeAynajiB. Ecjih ohi cepBesHO Bzsjrb Ha. 
ce6H BHHy oTAa, to ohi ho caien HH^ero CRpuTB, fflB. o6jier^eHlfl 
CBoeft HoniH. HoAOCToftHO ero HCKaxaTB npaB^y. Jlyqme norH6- 
HyTB B^ nosopi, ^itb hoctpohtb shshb h hoctb Ha JiaKH. 

Kor^a PerHHa npHHecjia eiiy o^^a'^, owb ci MHHyTy KOJie- 
Cajicfl, He CRasaTB-jiH eft Bcero. Ho ri neiiy BHSusaTB Tpora- 
TejiBHHa ci^eHu? IlHCBMOMOserBcocJiyaRBTBTyse cjiys6y. «Ecjra 
H AO cyMepesi He BepnycB, nanHcaJTB oh%, toth MeHfl, BipoiiTHO, 
6ojn>me ho yBHABniB. B'b BapTeHmTeftHCROifB seiccROirB cyA% tu 
MOxemB ysHaTB, RyAa iteHfl OTnpaBHJUi. GoBiTyio TeCt neiieAJieHHo 
noRHHyTB nipaHAeni. ^apcTBennoe dhcbmo o6e8neuBaerB tboio 
6yAyn](H0CTB. Ei aTOMy a npnCaBJiK) Bce, hto mh^ eniie ocTaneTCJi. 
npon^aft H cnacH6o sa Bce>. 

Owh TaRB noJiosHJi'b jihctori, hto6u ona ne Horora ero Haftrs^ 
He noROHHHBi CB y6opROft ROMHaTu. SaT^MB OHB co6paJica 

yXOAHTB. 

IIpOXOAfl B'B CiHflXl MHHO XJIOHOTaBHieft y HJIHTU PerHHH, OffB 

saxoTljiB BApyrB nosaTB ea pyRy. Ho ohb uo6i}t)ijn» ce6fl paAK 
Hea h ho oBpaTHJii rb nefi hh BsrjuiAft) hh cJiOBa. HepexB hoa^h- 
mnwb uocTOiCB OHi yBHAiJTB TOJniy npasAHUXi najiBHHnieBB^ 
jKAaBmHX'B ero, rbrb eny RasaoiocB, h ROTopue npn ero noflBJie- 

hIh CB RpHROlfB 6pOCHJinCB Kb TpBRTHpy. 

— MoH TepojrBAvl— CRasaJEL'B ohi co cmIxoitb. 

CeroAHfl HHBHaa ^epnaro Opjua ne 6ujia yxe bi coctoahIh 
BirlcTHTB bc:6x'b sejiaBmHxi^ nonacTB TyAa rocToft. Q^tonift xboctb 
TflHyjnca ao caHoft i^epROBHoft njion^aAH ApajmcB HSB-sa iiicrB. 
Bcb xoT&iai bhaItb co6cTBeHHUM raasaiiH naAonle nociiiAHaro 

H8*B nipaHAOHOBl. 

npomjio yxe hohth TpH Hicai^a co BpeneHH i^oAaw sans- 
CRH BucmeMy ryCepHCROny Ha^ajuBCTBy, h caioie ropime naTpiora 
CTanH yse OTHaaBaTBca b'b ycnixi Ao6paro a*^- fikpyi^ ks^ 
soMCRaro npHcyrcTBla npHnua paAOCTHaa b£ctb, hto no a^ 
$. mpaHAena (alias BayiirapTB) nasHaneHB cpojshj vb ROTopHft 
H npeAJiaraercfl co6paTBCH Bd&irB, noAnBcaBmHMca hoab 6yi[aroft. 

HTpaHAeHipi AOCToftHO noAroTOBHJDiCB. TpH AHA noApaA"^ 
OHH RyniJiH. Ti H8i onojraeHi^eBB JxaeABepa, y ROTopiixB en^e^ 
jsjbuu 6ujai pysBHy saxBanuni hx'b, uiturh h cafijiH Tose 6hum 
HOBUTacRaHH HS'B HiRa^oBB* A^o, B^A^, MoseTB 6htb, nuo a 



KomAHBfl AOPorA. 12 a; 

ToiTb, HTo6u HeMexJieHHO npHBecTH vb HcaojiH6Hi6 cyA66H06 no- 
CTaHOBjnenle. 

B'& Haci npiixan eeiccBifl caHH h, KasB Bcersa, ocraHOBH- 
jmcB y AOMa CBfl^enHHsay rgb hxi yase noAXHAajn rocnoAiEPK 
MepseJib Cb cuhomi. Oaho o6ctoat6je[bctbo ohohb cMynjno mpaH- 
imnfiB%: Ha Kosjiax'B He 6ujio acaHxapHa. BaponeMi, ruBHoe^ 
6iiJiio Ha-JiHi](o: Ha^aJiBCTBo npiixajio^ ^to6u cxBaiHTB h yBesm. 

Heimoro paHBme xsyxi ^acoBi saciA&TejiB seiccRaro cyna 

CO CBAH^eHHEKOMl BOHIJIH HepOS'B HepH06 KpUUI^O B'b TpaSTHpib^ 

TAi JiH)6e8HO 61UIH upBHJim rocnoAHHoiTB MepKOJieirb. ^ejiBKCB 
cjrIsoBajii sa hhmh, cb uejspBOShBWHb bhaomi>: ohi HaxoxHin, hto 
mrarcKift qHHOBHHKb He BURasajni) eny xocraTOHHo BHHiiaHifl. 
3acix&T6JiB ^OHi-KpoTKeftiCB 6ujii BucoKifly crpoftHuft nejio- 

BiR'E CB HiCKOJUBKO ySSHMH HJieHaMB, Ha KOTOpUXli HOROHJiaCB 

rojioea, BHymaBmafl CTpaxi h yBasenie CBoet jubbbhoU rpHBoft. 
Ohi HOCHJi'By no MOA^ Toro BpeiceHH, AAHHHue 6aReH6apsu, na. 
BHCKaxx cjiHBaBnilecii cb bojihhcieimh i^xphmh. 

3to CuJi'b OHOHB sacJiyaceHHuft nejioBlR'B; owb MHoro pa6o- 
Taflx jiflA 8an](HTBi OTe^ecTBa. ^Ba roxa Toicy Hasaxiy rhkb jsfi- 
nyrarB otb ABopaHCXBa, ohi npHHHMaji'B yqacrie b'b toitb )uia- 
KeHHTOUi seHCROMi saciA&HiH, ROTopoHy oxenecTBO oCflsano 6iuia 
opraHHsai^eft seiiCRaro onoJiHeHifl. Ohi> npHBiiciBOBajTB ctaparo 
lopRa h noAnncuBaJicfl hoab aApecoKi Ropojiio. SaTim^ ohi no- 
cninuuii BepnyTBCA na posHny, mio6u BdaiBCfl sa canoe x^jio, 
I xocTHrB Toro, HTO ero oRpyrB CHHTanca o6pa8i](OBUMi bo Bceft 
crpani. H botb, npocnyjiHCB oOuqHue cnyTHHRH ycn&xa: inie- 
uaBle H caMOJiio61e. To, ?to bi Haqajr6 6ujio jisniB j^uiowb pa- 
xocTHiffo CesRopucTHaro uyseHk, CA^ajiocB Majao-no-Hajny hbo- 

XeCiaJIOMl^ COfiCTBeHHOft JIHHHOCTH, naiCflTHBROirB, AOJUROHCTBOBaB- 

nuiHi BOSB^CTHTB Mlpy oFO cjiaBy. KpoHi TorO| A&BHO, en^e ao 
poROBoro BSB^CTiH KomaHBefi Aopori, ohi cjuui'b aa otbab- 
JBHHaro Bpara IIIpaHAeHCRaro Aona. Otb nero ipyAHo 6ujio 

OXMJIfi,Tb A06p9. 

Ha i^epROBHot njnoniaAH BojuecjiaBi npocTHjrcfl co BcbicH cbo^ 
BMH HaAesA&MH. GnoROfiHO, noHTH paBHOAyniHO mejii oh!b na 
Bcrp'lqy oamAaBmeft ero tojutL Tojibro pasi Brassy ffb ohi 
yRpaAROft na aomi CBJi^enHHRa. Eiiy noRasajiocB, mro y OAHoro 

B8B OROHl npOMeJUBRHyJIO CB^TJIOe JUIURO, TOpOHlBBO CRpBIB- 

neecji B'B limi, RorAa ohi noRJioHHJicfl cb ycxajioft yjni6Roft 
KBAftJm. 

Ero BCTp^THJii sjiopaAHuft monon; SBBaa crtna pasctynH- 
jiacB nepoA^ hemi Toi^aci-ace: Bcib noHBMajiH, hto HHane ne 
MAjun^h HHRaRoro CRaHAajia. 

BoflAA BB ROMHaiy A^fl HO^eTHBixi rocTeft, OHB OHyTHJECfl jra- 

aOMl R'B JUiUy CI HeJUOB^ROlTB Cl> JlBBHHOft ipHBOfi, HO 06:&HMlk 



124 pyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

CTopoHani KOTopa^o CHA'^JHH cBfln](6HH]iR'B H CTapHRi MepKauB; 
"^ejiHECB, npHCJioHHBinHCb Kb ORHj, CTapsuiefl npHHATb HenpHHys- 
xeHHyio, npHJdHHHyH) nosy. Bi rjiasazi BoJiecjiaBa TOsapHii^i 
A^TCBHX'B iirpi CujTb TeiiepB laR'B hhsori, hto He sacjiysHsajTB 
HH Majiiflmaro B^HManiH. Ho t^wl npHB^TJUHB^e yjinCajicfl exy 
^^TapHRi. ECJIH-6U BojiecJiaBi npHmejii cb cnei^iajiBHoft itiJUBK) 
yrocTHTb Bce o(5ii^6ctbo sHaHeHHTHMi iiycRaTHUMi BHHOiTB Mep- 
sejui, TO H Torxa 8Ta yjoiGRa He Morjia 6ut& JOo6e8H'66 h noAo6o- 
€TpacTH%e. 

Hsii-noffb OpoBeft CBan^enHBRa CBepRHyjua MOJiHia, a sacbsa- 
i?anB vb xjiasHORpoBHoiTb osBAamH ciaJTB pascnaTpHBaTB cboh 
pyRHy 6ijnifl h ROCTJUflBua, RaRi y cReaieia. 

BojiecjiaB'b nonyBCTBOBajrb, hto rpyxb ero ropAO BSAUMaeiM. 

Oh1> npOTHBl BCiX'By H BC% IipOTHBl HOro! TaRl 9T0 6iUI0 H 

laKb AOJixHO ocraTBCfl. 

^et-TO BHsrjEHBuft roorocb RpHRHyjTL H8B TOJrmi Hei^eHsyp- 
Hoe cjiOBO. OpaHAeHitfii saxoxorajni. 

— 9to OTein>, HeCTacTHHft oieiji!— npomenrajrb ci» cocipa- 
gtaHleifb rocnoAHH'B MepReoiB sacixaTejoo. 

— ECJIH BKt MBHA BUSBaJIH CIDAa, — BOCBJlHRHyJIl BOJIO- 

t^DaiBi, — TO & Tpe6yio orb saci sanitHTH ott» ocRop6jteHift drofl 

TOJDinU. 

3aciAaTej[b npHnitypHJiCH h horjiohiuica. 

— CMHpfiOy BK[, Ao6pue jiioahI — RpHRHyjTb oHi, norjiaaKHBaa 
rjiaxKO BH6pHTHft noACopoAOR'b, H npH6aBHjrb THme:— HapymHTe- 
Jieft THHUiHU A npHRa)Ry BurnaTb. 

SaTiMb OH'b B8HJQ[% jieaRaBmyK) nepeAB HHirb na ctojA sejie- 
HyH) nauRy. 3a ero CTyjioifb CHAiJUB najieHbRift neJioB'^R'b, ycepAHO 
iipo6oBaBmIft Ha 6yMart rycHHUfl nepbfl; sipoflTHO cocraBHTejib 
npoTOROJia. 

JI,onpocb Hanajica. 3aciAueJib npeA^rarajiB o6rn^e Bonpocu 

"Ch JieAflHOft yHTHBOCTbK). 

— Pa^ bh nposHBajiH, ecjra 8to mosho ysnaTb? 
BojiecjiaBi HepeHHCuHJiB Bcb M^cia. 

— BtpH) Bameicy cjioBy, rocnoAHH'b 6apoHB, ho MoseTe-jiH 
va 9T0 AORasaTb AORyneHiajibHo? 

— H*rb. 

— ^0 RaRoro BpesieHH Bce dTO npoAOJisajiocb? 

— ]lfi BecHU 13-ro roAa. 

— A aartiTb? 

— Bai^iTb fl BCTynHjnb bb apidio. 

— EcTb y sacb AORasaTejibCTBa? 

— H4rb. 

— CosaJiiH) 6e8ROHewo, ho hma ^Hi-OpaHAeHa ne na- 

^OAHTCH Bl CHHCRarb. 

— fl BBflJi'b ce6% Apyroe. 



KOinA?i»fl AOPOFA. 12& 

— Hiifl BayiirapTa? 

— Afi. 

— Ha KaKOMi ocHOBaHiH bu 8to cA^JiajiH? 
EojcecjiaB'B saRycHJTB ry6u. BoitapHJiocB HOjraaHle. 

— Aral — pa8xajioc& lopjRecTBeHHo y ORsa. droTb BOBTJiacK 
noxcTpeKHyji'B BojiecjuaBa bi dTy HyHHTejuBHyio UHHyry. 

— Moe HacTOfln^ee nua BusBaJHO 6u MEoro satpyxHenift. 

— IIoHeMy? 

— noTOMy, HTO OHO 6um onosopoHo cjiyxoicB, npoiHBib ko^ 
Toparo fl He mofb 6opoTBCfl. 

— KaRHlTB CJiyZOlTb? 

BUJIO HCHO, HTO 910Tb HOJIOBiBl X0T&I1» OrO OCeSCHJOITB^ 

a saTiirs yse nory6HTB. 

— Bu 8T0 sHaeTOy— CKasain OHib crbosb 8y6H. 
Sac^A^TejiB HH8K0 noBJuoHHJicfl.— Tim ho icenie, a noKop- 

Hiftme npomy Baci OTsiqaiB. 

— A fl OTKaSHBaiOCB OTB^HaTB. 

Bl TOJini nOAHflJICfl BJIOpaSHUt ZOXOTB. — IIOKOHHHTe cb. 

HUB, oxiHBTe Ha Hero KaHAajnul— saRpn^ajiB totb se bhsfjeh-^ 
BHt roJocB, ROTopuft HopeffB 8THirB pyrajicji. 

3ac%xaTejiiB xo6poAyinHO naxnyjiB cbohmh ashhhhkh npo- 
SpaHHHMH pyRaMH, 

— Bu 8anBcajiH? — cnpocHJTB ohb nncita, ne o6opaHHBaflCB. 
ToHeHBRifi rojiocoRB c8aAH otb^thjib:— ToHHO laRBl 

8to noRasaiocB mpaHAenAaMB ohohb 8a6aBHUHB. 

Ob HeB08MyTHM0ft yHTHBOCTBH) KpoTReftuB npoAOJixaJTB: 

— Bce-ace, ne Mory-oiH a ocBifflMSLibca, bb RaRyio mieHHO 
^acTB apMlH Bame BucoRopoAie hsbojihjih BciynBTBt 

BojsecjiaBB a^Jtb Heo6zoAHMUJi CBiA^HiH. Ohb laRse nasBajTB 
CBOHn TOBapHH^eft. 

Sac^AftTejiB cb CRy^aion^HMB bhaomb nepeanicmBaji'B nanRy. 
<BojiBHue CTpijiRH» ero ne HHrepecoBajtH. 

— TaMB BaCB HpOHSBOJIH... BB O^HKOpBI? 

— Aa. 

— BipK) BameMy cjioay, rocnoffHHB 6apoHB, ho MoaR6Te-jrii 

BU dtO A0Ra8aTB? 

— RiTb. 

^ SanHHiHTe stotb otb^tb. R BaiiuB bu nepenum bb jiaHA- 
BeoB? 

- ;ta. 

— Ha RaROMB ocHOBaniH? 

BojuecjtaBB yRasajiB na CBoero npesHflro TQBapHn^a: — IIoTOiry 

H H He XOT^JIB BCTpiHanCfl CB dTHMB ^eJDfOB^ROMB. 

^ejiHRCB rpoHRO pacxozoTajiCA h BOCRjiHRHyjuB: — HHane 6u 
D peoiB... — Ho npeAclAATejiB CA^JiajiB euy snaRB iiojiHaTB. 

— Bb RaROfl HMOHHO noJiRB? CRa^Hie, nosaJiyficTa? 



126 PyCGKOB BOrATCTBO. 

EojiecjiaBi nasBaji'B una KOvaHAHpa. 
SaciAaTejiL hhsro HaRJuoHflJUCH E^gh nanROft, TaK-B kto dbxax 
np^AH BOJioci noHTn cQBdirB saRpHJUH ero crapoe, xysoe jihao. 

— 3to coBepmoHHo cxoahtca ci mohhh cwbj^ubiMii^—CKSi- 
^ajii osTBy ^artdji. —Bt> diowb nojiRy HaxoffuiM JieftTeHaHTb 6a- 
jHrapn, BCTynnBmlft bo Bpei£a nepeMsplH. Kpoiri Toro, bi ap- 
mIh 6hj(ui Qjufi "qenipe o^Hi^epa, HOCHBmie aio Hica. Ho totb, 
Ha ROToparo bu yRaauBaoTe, najii bi cpasenlH npH Mapni, 
vexAy nepBuirb h iperBnirb ncjioirb iiapia icic^ita. 

— OiRyAa Bu 3T0 BHaeie, rocnoAnni sac^AaTejiB? 

— 3to BHaHiiTCH Bi cnHCRax'B, rocnoAHH'B 6apofii! Offb 6hUL'b 
nocjiaHi BicTOBUH'B H 62iJii'B y6Hrb rpeHaxepaiai nojnca reHopasa 
MapHOHa. 

KpoBB 6pocHJiacB Bi rojiOBy BoJiecJiaBy. IlepeA'B HHirb srao 
BoscTajiH caime TAseome n canue ropxue nacu ero asHSHH. 

— 3to oinH6Ra! — BOCRJiHRHyjTB OH'B. — JieftTeHaHTb BayicrapTi 
HhUTh Tflacejio paneni, nonajTb bi naiini, ho ocTajicfl »hbb. 

— H BH, cji%AOBaTejiBHO, seJiaeTB, ^to6ii BacB npHHHirajoi 
^a yMepmaro b^ctobofo. 

— Si J RaxeTCfl, AOCTaTO'qHO HCHO BHpaSSJICfl. 

': — Xopomo, ho bi TaRom cjnyqai, bu jspjOBSU TaRse shbtb, 
no RaROMy j^inj B^CTOBoft Cbutb nocjiaHB? 

— Pa8yM%eTCje[. 

— Ilpomy BacB coo6q](htb bto uwb. 

— BuSBaJHH A06p0B0JIBI16Bl, JSeJiaBniHXl ixaTB BiCTOBUlCH 

Bi renepajiy RjneftcTy. J!l,Heirb paHBme, npn p%Ri TepyanH'l npo- 
nomjuo cpazenie, bi ROTopon reHepajni cb cbohitb Ropay- 
coHi 6ujii coBepmeHHO orricneHB otb rJiaBHoft apulH. Bb 
o6pa80BaBaieMCfl nponesyTRi Bcxajm Mapmajiu MapnoHB h 
MopTBe, TaRi» HTO coeAHHenie bi 8to Bpeua RasajiocB neBoaiios- 
hhjtb; npn tomi-so, roBopHjni, tto npH6JhH»aeTCH HanoJieoHi. 
Torxa ^ejiBAMapmaJTb Bjnoxepi BHesanno p-fannun oTCTynHTB — bi 
oacHxaHiH noARpinjiOHifl, RaRii iini Ra3ReTCfl. HysHO 6ttso, bo 
HTO 6u TO HH cTajno, flaTB BHaTB o6b dToiTB reHepaJiy KjieftcTy, 
HTo6u ovB He OHyTHJicfl HSOJmpoBaHHHirB. Heo6xoAHMO 6iuio AO 
HOHH OnOBiCTHTB OFO, MHHOBaBl HenpiflTeJiBCRift ^opnocTB. HS'B 
AoCpoBOJiBiteBi AaJHEi npeAno^enie Ksb. Maiopi ^oHB-EHaRB no- 
36011 Mena ri ^eJiBAirapmajiy. TorB BpyqHJ'B Msb hhcbko. 

— noatajryftcTa, noroAme MHHyTy,— npepBajEi ero sadAa- 
TeJUB H, 6hctpo ^to-to npoHHTaBi b'b cbohxb 6yMarax%, CBasajii, 
KaRi 6u He npHAaBaa BHaHenui Bonpocy: 

— n 8T0 DHCBMO, ROHOHHO, SaKIIOHaJIO BB Ce6% HICeHHO 

worB npHRas'B? 

— H4tb. 

— A wo-ae en^e? 

— 9to hhcbmo hm&io nisMD c6htb cb TOJERy HenpiflTejui^ 



r 



somA^oii fflTOTJu 127 



vb cjiynai ecjiH-6H iienfl sacipijiHJiH. npHxas'B ^ejaAMapmajTB 
'Coo6mjvn» veA jctho. fl jspjuKewb 6ujrh Buy^HXB ero HansycTB. 

— ?T0 se dTO 6ujrb sa npHRasi? 

— cSaBipa yrpoitB a cx^Jsaio BHJiasRy Ha npaBiift ^jiaHrB 
HenpliiTejni, Tro6u DpHRpuTb OTCiynjieHle. reHepajn ^oni-Rjieftcn 
£6 npHHBMaerb ynacTlfl hi cpaseHin, a miraercfl hi 9to Bpeica 
nepeftTH k-b losHoiiy 6epery MapHH, ?to6u Tairb coeAiHHTBCH 
<x) MHoft. TLqcjA nepexo^a bc% Bcipi^Hue moctu B8opBaTB». 

3ac%A&T6JiB KHBHyjrb rojiOBoft. — Hy, h HTO-»e, rocnoAHHi... 
leireBaHn? 

— fl BimoJiHHjrL nopyHeeie. 

— SHannn, Baifb yjaJiocB aocthhb i^ijiH) 

— HafliiocB, rocnoAHHi 9fkci]ifi,reshy hto Hcxopiji Boftmi sairB 
^0 xoKasajia. 

— FhI.. Korxa se bh 6iiJKH paHeHH? 

— Ha BOBBpaTHOMi nyTn. 

— Ornero bu ho ociajiucB lani, rx% 6hjih? 

— noToiiy HTO £ BSAJicfl socTaBHTB OTB^Ti ^ojiBSKapniajry. 

— Bu uoTjaL-6u. C66fl H86aBiiTB orB stofo BToporo nyT6- 
mecTBin. 

— fl MOFB 6h nsSaBHTB ce6fl n on nepBaro. 

— Bu HCRajin cjnaBU. 

— ,fl, MeSAy npOlHlIl, HCRaJTB ySOBOJIBCTBiji ES&bVEJTh Ha- 

CTOflH^aro Aonpoca. 

SacdlxaTejiB BinipfliniJiCH h ot6pochji'b nasaA'B cbok) rpHBy. 

— IIoBBOJiflio ce6i otfpaiBTB Bame BHHMaHie na to, hto bh 
^lOHTe nepoA^ npeACTaBHiejieir'B RopojiA, fochoahhi 6apoHT» $ohi- 
mpaHABHi. 

— KaRoe HaxajiBCTBoI — pasAajiocB co CTopoHu ORna. 

— fl CTOK) nepoAB ^ejiOB'lRoirB, ROTopuft sejuaeTB mohh ho- 
ryfiiTB, — BospasHJTB EoJiecjuaBi, CMorpa npjiMO wb rjDtasa 8aciA&* 
woo. 

Ha SEJsjb nocH^AH^ro MeJiBRHyjia CAepsannafl yjra6Ra; ohb 
HarayjiCH naA'B cbohmh 6yMaraMH. 

— fl noAxosy rb nocji'lAHeft nacTH iioero cJi^ACTBifl, — npo- 
rnxsjUf OHi. — He noAJiesHTB comh^hIio, tto Banm noRasanlH 
ocHOBafiKi Ha TO^raoH'B 8HaHin cjiyHHBniarocA, n ^o Bame yTBeps- 
](eHie, 6yAT0 bhtotb caioift BayiirapTB, Roiopuft caiyauurB hoab 
HanajiBCTBOirB iraiopa ^HB-BojuBi^oreHa, nojiyHHJio H&ROTopyio 
opaBAonoAO^HOCTB; ho aioMy npoTHBopi^qHTB cJiiAyK^n^ift $aRrB: 
BpjiAB-JiiH BayMrapn, 6uBmift, RaKB bhaho no Bceiry, xpaCpum 
H AoCjiecTHiiM'B o^HitepoifB, nocTynHJii'B-6u RaRB AesepiHp'B bi apHlH^ 
I'll KojiyHHJii paHH H noHecTH. Ohb, b^ab, j^onxewb 6ujrh snaTB, 
^To cojuaiii He Moryn pasaeT^TBCfl, tohho RaRafl-HH6yAB ctaa 
BopoSBeBB. A vh oco6eHHocTH seMCRoe onojiHeHle...— Oh'b rjB[y6oRo 
BBxoxHyji'B H TpaxHyn rojioBoft.— CoiaBBuft JiaHABepi jkOJORewh 



128 PyCGKOE BOrATCTBO. 

6ujrb noRasaiB ocTajiBHoft apidH, hto obtb fle tojibko xpa6p%, na- 
H Hsi jih)6bh Kb nopHAKjT H AHdtHnJDHHi BcerAd CTOHrb wb nep- 
Bom pasy. BapoHi I^OHi-IIIpaHseH^b, AHaAiiocB, hto JieftTeHaHn 
EayMraprb He coBepmHorb 6u SToro npocTyuKa, h noioicy se- 
jiaJi'B-6u, ^To6fii OHi yxep-Bl.. 

BoJiecjiaB^B HjrBCTBOBajrb npH6jiiijReHle KaiacTpo^u. OffB o6B6jirB. 
BBopoiTB npHcyicTByioii^ax'B. Besffi na Hero CKOxpijiH rjiasa, noji- 
Hue HenaBHCTH h sas^u MecTH. ^ejiHRCB MepRejuB nojuosHJTB 
pysy Ha a^i ca6jD[n, tohho co6HpaflCB bi CJrisyiOH^ift MHrb 6po- 
CHTBca Ha Hero. Bi TOjnri, sa ero cnnnoft, nocJonnajiocB 6pH- 
iitanie opysLi. JEnpnoe jhei^o Ka6aTHHRa cIajdeo KOBapnHicB sjio- 

paACTBOMl. OaHHB TOJIBBO CTapHRB-CBflH^eHHHfil MOJUW OnyCTHJUb 

roJuoBy Ha pyBH h ynopno cmotp^jtb nepe^'B co6oft bhhs'b. 

— He MOfl BHHa, rocnoAHHi sac^x^iejiBy hto MepTBaro chob& 
BOCKpecnjiE. Mh% jsjuMTcaj ?to ohb hchojihhji'b CBoft xojirb- 
MoJKHO 6HJiio-6ii ocxaBHTB ero b'b noKoi. 

8ac%A&TejiB nosuTB Hue^aun. 

— ^^^ HO pasi Ha Hero 6ujirB qs'^&h^ xohocb... 

— JUjoHOCB?— BocBJiHKHyjirB BojiecJiaBi, BcnuxHyB'B on rni^Ba. 
Ohi BCipi^THJicH rjiasaMH Cb mojioahm'b MepBeJieiTB, na ssas^ ro- 
Toparo OH'B npoHeJTB nosopHyio h uojtsjk) tiimenoft 8jio6u hcto- 
pin CBoeft rH6eJDi. OH'B yjiu6Hyjica h hohhkb roJiOBoft: 

— Xopomol SI OTBi^y neper's BoenHUM'B cy^oirB. SL Kb dioify 
roTOBHJiCfl H npomy MeHfl apeciOBaTB. 

Tojrna ABHnyjiacB BnepeAi, ^sto6u HeMeAJieHso hchojihhib ero 
npocB6y« GTOHBmlft xo TbTb nopx na nopori BojiecJiaBi 6iurB 
BApyrB orricHeH'B b'b canoMy CTOJiy h OHyiHJicfl rpyxB ci rpy- 
AiK) CB sac^AaTejieMi. 3a CHHHoft ero noAHHMajmcB yace roiOBue 
OHycTHTBCA Ha Hero KyjtaRH. 

— Tepn^Hle, MHjnie ApysBJi, — dcasaJi'B xarRO h hphb^tjimbo 
saclx&TeJiiB. — ToTB, kto ao nero AOTponercH, 6yAerb cairB ape- 
CTOBaHi. En^e oahhb BonpocB, rocnoAHHB Caponi). Ecjih bh, RaBib^ 
yTBepsA&ere, nonaoiH bb hjtIh^, to RaRHMB o6pa8oirB npH hoba* 
HiftmeiTB o6^iBi HJiiHHHX'B Bu He 6hjih ho BciMB npaBVJnuiib^ 
sanHcana h AOCTaBJienu? 

— TaKB BasB Ji 6wrb iHxejio paHesb, to ^pasqysu npn 
nocnimHOMB cbooitb OTCxynjieHiHMeHHvfipocHJiH. Mena noAo6paju[ 
BB nojii KpecTBHHe. SI npojiesajTB h&cbojubko uicsaifiB'b. RorAa 
H ORasajucfl bb coctoahIh ocTasHTB MOHX^ cnacHieJieft, to mhpb 
yse 6uJiB 8aRJD[H)HeHB, h hh OAHoro coiosHHKa ne 6wio sCjiasH. 

— Bipio BameMy cjiOBy, rocnoAHHB 6apoHB, ho KOseTe-JiH 
BM dTO AORasaTB? 

— He Mory HH^iiTB, RpoMi MOHXB mpaifOBiy rocnoAHHB sa- 
cbjukrejLb. 

— Fm!.. 3anBmHTe xaRse h 9to.— Ohb oxRamMJiciiy oT6po- 
CHJiTB HasaAB nenoRopHiie bojioch h TopseciBeHHO na^^aJTB: 



— MnjEOCTHBue rocyAapHi Xpa6pue bohhu h bu, sBTejiH 
nipaHAeHal CosBaHie JiaHABepa bctb Hapoacseme BOBaro cojiiHi]ia, 
KOTopoe B^HHo 6yAerb ci&tb bo cjoiBy IIpycciH. Byxeirb rjor^GoRO 
fijiaroxapHU cjjsf>&b sa to, hto »hjih bo BpeiieHa BejniRfln uomt 
BvroB'b H B^BofiHi^ (SjiaroAapHu sa to, hto OKasajmcB ffocTOftHUMH 
anizi noABBTOBX. H STorb ospyn wb oco6eHHocTH, ob IIIpaH- 
xeeoMi BO naBi! IIocHOTpHTe caira* Bi* Apyrax'B iribcTaxi nepe^x 
HaHH rpycTHaa BapTHna: RopoA npsLSHBaerB, ho ho Bedxb paxo- 
CTHoe 8X0 OTB^^aerb Ha ero sobi. 0, ffpysBa moh, cepxita Hanm 

06j[HBaK)TCA KpOBBK), KOr^a MU CJOimHM'b, "qTO Bl ROHHI^ROirb H 

GTaprapxcKOiTB ORpyraxi, nanpHMipi, npHSUBaBiiilecfl ki onoji- 
HBHlio fiteami Bi Jiiftca h bi ropH, cnpHBajiHCL b'b necsaTux'b 
nojuix'b. Ha evxb xmt&bu 6ujiih x^JraTB o6j[aBU, ^to6h ohh tbi- 
canaioi He nepenum-Siii rpBjmjsj, ^oCu H86aBHT&cfl orb dToft 
CBATOft o6fl8aHHOCTH; HaiTB H8B^TH0 xaso, TOO yso o6pa80BaB- 
ndecfl nojiSH Maccaim xesepTspoBajsH no Honaii^b. GoBciin nnaie 
6HJI0 B'b TOifb ORpyri, ROTopmrb h hh^io yxoBonbCTBie ynpaEJUTB! 
j(py8bfl H TOBapHH^H! JlaHSBopi BapTenniTeftHCRaro ORpyra co-' 
6pajicH, BOopysHJucJi n 6iiji'b roTOBi OTnpaBHTbCfl B'b nyTB bt> 
AB'ik Hexijur. ^BCJuo Jiioxeft 6HJ10 baboo 6ojsbnie HasHa^eHnaro 

HpaBHTeJIbCTBOM'b, H H8'b HHX'b BOCeMBAeCATl np0It6HT0Bl> COCTaB- 
JUIJIH A06pOBOJD[Bmi. 

B'b rycToft TOjni'6 pasxajiocb rpoMRoe ypa, a CBfln^eHHHK'b, 
He noAHBKaji rjia8'b, RHBHyjn ronoBoft c% cypoBoft h xoBOJiBHOft 
yjiiH6Roft. On'b snajTb, hlo 8to 6iU[0 a^o. 

— H 8HaH),— npoAOJisaji'BsaC'lAaTejib, cypoBO noROCHBmHCb na 
BojiecjiaBa,— HTO IIIpaHAeHCRafl o6^^IHa AOJURHa 6uj[a cioiTb cb 
ce6H ysacHoe, no8opHoe hatho (B'b TOJin% pasAajiHCb npoRjiflTUi)... 
naTHO, ROTopoe, ne CHOTpa na Bci Ao6jiecTHU6 hoabhth, 6yAerb 
BiqHO JnesBTb na neft... (npoRj£flTifl ycHJinjiHCB), ho ecjm RopoJueBCKaa 
MHjiocTb HO sejiaoTb ero 8aM'&HaTb, a ocTanaBJiHBaeTca jmmb na 
CBiiTJiHxi CToponax'b HHenn nipaHAeea, to dTO mosho cm^o 
npmiHcaTb Tony Boopyxeniio, opraHHsaTopoirb ROToparo a ob 

paAOCTbH) H rOpAOCTbH) OCMiJIBBaTB CHHTaXB ce6H... EopoJiB... 

«Ki ^eny OHB npnnjieTaerb lyrb Ropojifl? — noAyMaai BoJie- 
auuBi. — Ohi Mon>6u coRpaTHTB Bce A'6jro». 

... B% HeHc^epnaeiioft inuiocTn CBoeft ocunajrb hbcb cbohmh 
xqeAporaMH. H Torb, rto nepBuft cTanerb CHHMaTB cboh> acaTBy, 
nycTB BcnoHBHTB, ^TO xpaCpue bobhu^ a c:b hhmh hxb opraHB- 
iBTop'b, noc!&ijai dMd cjiaBbi, ROTopyio om> Tenepb nosHHaeri). 

Oh'b nepeamcTajTb cboh 6yMarH h npoAOJisajn: 

— 06HasBTeroJiOBH, xpa6pue nocejume; ctoAto cmhpho, bob- 
I iBi; npomy Baci, BCTaHBTe, rocnoAa... Rto ho CHHHerb manRH, 
I roTb 6yAeT'B Bu6pomeHb BOH'b... H aojoukohi BaMi npo'qBTaTB 

I mco^afimee noBe^Hle. BoTb oho: <(Ecj[h ORaseTCfl cnpaBOAJiH 
! mifb, TTO 6apoHi> BoJuecJsaB'b ^OHb-IIIpaHAeHi hsi saMRa IIIpaH- 

i .V 9. OrxiA I. ^ 



130 P7CGK0E BOFATCTBO. 

X6Ha H JneftieHaHTB BayMrapn nvb 15 mnesBHrcKaro, JiaHABep- 
CKaro BOJiiRa oaho h to se 0011^0, h ecjn ORaaceiCH, bi nem joi 
H jB^peHUy ^rro ctojib xpa6piift o^mtep'B ne Moxen 6£itb uo- 
HaM^peHHHirb Aeseprnpoirb, to a nponsBOxy ero bi BanHraHfir 
Koero JiaHXBepa, OTftaio noffB ero nanajiBCTBO oiroiReHiieKb ero yisxa 
H B'B Harpany sa BHAaioiityioai xpa6ocTB xajiyio eiiy xbjAzhsA 
BpecTb nepBoft creneHH. ORpysHoft sadxaTejuB AOJUseHii jra^mo 
npHBecTH Bi HcnojiHeme dTO pacnopjUKeHie bi npHcyTCTBlH Bcirb 
XOHOC^HKOB'B. Bce dTO iipeAOCTaBHTB Bi ero pacnopjixeHle. 

$pHApHX'B-BHJ[BreJiBMi&, Rex>. 

Boi^apHJiocB rj[y6oRoe MOJiHaHie. IIIpaHAeHCKie naTpiOTU 
CTOflJOi Bi nojEfloiTb octoji6eH%HiH E TapanpiJia KPjrb na Apyn 
rjnasa. JleflTeflaHrb MepnejiB ynaorb sasaAi* Ha obho. Ero najQ>KU 
cyAoposHO csajin Kpecrb, 6jiecTiBinIft na ero rpyAn. 

y BoJiecjiaBa sasBeH&io B'B ymaxi. Owb cxBaTHjicH sa ABepB, 
^o6h He ynacTB. Ohi ho HcnuTUBaji'B HHKaEOft paAOCTH, ho 
ero Bcei^jio oxBaTHJio ^bctbo ropenn, KOTopoe owh Bce Bpexa 

HOAaBJUUTB Vb Ce6i. OhI CTHCHyJTB 3y6u, 6OHCB paspHASUTBCJi. 

SadAftTejiB BiiHyjTB hsi cBoero rjiyGoRaro BapHaHa Hepnyio 
Bopo6oHBy H cb HSMCBaHHoft B^auiHBOCTBH) Hepeftaji^B ee Bojue- 
cJiaBy. 

EpBnnBa OTCBo^Hjra, h b% rjouusa BojiecJiaBy 6jiecHyjio KsrBoe 
soJiOTHCToe ciAHie, ORpysaBmee ByconoRi Hepnaro seji^a. B^ 
CHJiBHOM'B B086y«A6HiH owb npHscaJTB OFO Ri rpyAH H npoT^HyjTB 
upaByio pyRy sac^A&TeJDo, 

SaciAaTOJUB OTCTynHJUB, noAasicji nasiuti, BHHicaTejiBHO ocuO- 

Tp^JTB CO BCixi CTOpOHl CBOH AJIHEHUfl, 6!&Jaifl, BOCTJtflBKa 

pyBH) TO^HO 0H% MorjiH sarpflSHHTBCfl npE nepeAa^ opAesa, h 
copflTajTB HX'B sa cnnny. 

— FocnoAHH'B saciAaTeiEB, r BaMOb noAaio pyfiyl — raiBHO h 
rposHO saRpHHajTB BojiecjiaB'B, BcnuxnyB'B npn HOBOiiib ocBop- 
OjieniH. 

— Mni 6ujio Beji^HO nepoAaTB Buco^aftmyio bojuo^ ho py- 
RonosaTie ciOAa ne bxoahtti. 

Bb aTy KHHyry ri Horam BoJiecjiaBa noJieT^JTB RpecTi, no- 
jio6Hijft ero co6cTBeHHOMy. ^ojihrcb MepROJiB copBain^ ero Cb 
CBoeft rpyAH. IlHJiafl 6jiaropoAHtiMi& HeroAOBaHieM'B h hoaoAah 
Kb HHHOBHHRy, ROToparo (oHB sHajii), TenepB ne^ero 6oaTbCsij 
MepROJiB BOCRJiHRHyjrB: 

— IlycTB OffB JiesHTB TyrB. OffB mh6 6oJiBnie ne Hyseni! 
BcflKOMy xpa6poMy coJiAaTy ctbiaho hochtb 9Toti RpecT^B nocjii 
Toro, RaR'B dTorB "qejEOBiRi HorB noJiy^HTB ero. 

BojiecjiaBB ci ^pocTHmrB h 6oji%8HeHH£UC% rphroitb 6po- 
CHacH Ha Hero cb noAHATuiin RyjiaRjiMH. 

<]^ejiHRCi> MepReJiB BUXsaTHA^B ca6jiH) h saMaxnyjicfl eio na 
6e3opyjRHaro. 



r 



KO]IIA^[£IE AOPOFA* 131 

CrapEift Ka6aTWic?B 6pocEjicfl uexxj hhmh. daci^xaTen ch 
«o6poAyiiiHuirB yAOBOoiBCTBieirB noTHpajrb pyra, a CTaput cba- 
meHHHKX ropflit(Hiai raasaiifl oAffurb sa nposcxoviBinsirb. 

Oh% 8Han CBOHT^ mpmj^ewjfiwb. Ohi nponejn yCitcTBo wh 
Hxi rarasaxi. 

— Haaax^!— npoBByHajTb ero rojton, icaKi Tpy6Hiit 8Byn 
q)exH o(5ii(aro cuflreHk. Ci pacnpocrepxuifH pysami 6pocsj[CJi 
OHi iCB SBepH, Txk vb nepeAHHxi pflsan yace noxHfljracB ihth- 
SB H sy6HHH, ^no6u onycTHTBca csavi sa roiOBy neHaBHCTHaro 
^ejiOB^Ka. 

BojiecjraBi oCJepHyjicfl h ci co;QK)raHl6irb yBEA^jTb, Basi 6j[h- 

SOITB 6»Jrb OHX R'B CMepiH. 

CBamfiVBBKh cxBanuicfl sa jsocskl sBepH h saropoxsjoTE nyrB 
paacBBpiniBiiieft TOJmi. 

yffepzHTL-jai xpsame CTap^ecKoe rtjuo nanopi copBaBnmxca 
Ch niiiH BOJiROBi? HeyjKejm ero norjioran BOoiHa BpoBOsanHaro 
jnoComiTCTBa? 

fioHCTBHy, cjia6afl sanpiTal IIpHTOirb-se, aro dsuia oahh- 
<^TBeHHafl samHTa, noTOKy hto hhkto 6oJiBme ne o6pan^ajrb bhh- 
tfanii Ha sac^xaiejifl, 6ji%AHizfl pyKH soroparo MeJiBKajDi Hax^ 
rojOBatfH ^pHcyTCTByK)II^IX'b, RaRi pasBisaioiitiecfl ^Jiars; toh- 
RffiTb H icflrRHMi rojuocoiTB, Ha noAo6ie ^etra, ohi ciapajtM 

ystpHTB BCiTb^ ^TO BeJIHTB BHTHaTB H HOCaAHTb B% yHaCTORb 
BHHOBHHROBl RaROFO 6u TO HH 6hJ[0 HBCHJlifl. ^OJIOEiRTb, CO- 

craBJujiBniift npoTOROJrb, cb bhsfoitb cnparaicfl noni ctoju. 

BHyrpeHHift rojioci roBopHJi!b BoJuecxaBy: — Rbrl? th hobbo- 
amh dTony ciapHRy Ban^HH^aTB Te6H? PasBi ni ne Mosems 
'CaiTB ce6a san^HTHTB? 

Bi HeiTb co8p'6jio 668yi[Hoe pimeHle. 3to HcmiTaHle 6ujio 
evy nocjiaHO cyAB6oH), no6H OHb mofb nocHHTaTBCH c% Heft, h 

OTCryHHTB 6KUK0 6u TpyCOCTBH). 

Obi» 6iiCTpo cxBaTHJTB CTapHu n orran^urb ero on XBepn. 

— dro Moe iricTO, Bame npenoAo6iel — CRasajrb owb h bctbji'b 
Ha nopori. 

Ohb cxBaTHJuca sa rocari, RaRi a CTapHRi, n noACiaBHjrb 
OTRpuryio nrapoRyK) rpy^B noAHATOMy opyjRiio. 

Ero Bsopi CH^Jio H noBejiHTeJiBHO horohjich Ha pasiuipen- 
Hoft TOJini. E-bmeHaa ntea 6pu8Hyjia na Hero, oh'b on^yn^au 
yjRe Ha jihi^^ cBoeirs ropanee h sjioBOHHoe Auxanie. 

— Si SAbCB, — SaRpHHaJTB OHB, — nHCTOJieTU CBOH R OCTaBHJTB 

)Ha. Bs Moacere cnoRoftno iienfl y6BTB. Hy-se, BnepeAB, rio 

ClrtOTHTM... 

Ho HHKTO He ocicianuncH. Ohi b-^^ab ne ctohjii jsRe 6ojibnie 

B HHMl CHHHOH). 

Ca6jiH H nrruRH onycTHJiHCB. 

— Xopoino, sHaHHTB, BH He xoTHTe Mena npeAaieoiBCRH y6HTB, — 

9* 



132 PyCCKOB BOFATCTBO. 

nposojrsajDnb ohi, A^pxa ZTb b% noBHHOBeniB wrji^nowb.—Bu 
20THT6 BecTH ce6fl[, KBkKb JUOAH, a H6 sasi XHKie SfiipH. TaR'B 

fl 67;^ CI BaMH rOBOpHTB, EaKl CI JEEOXUIH^ OxOABHHBTeCb Ha- 

aaA^ H Bexrae ce6fl cnoEoftno, 

Tojma saROJiiixasacB, noporB ohhcthjuca. 

— TenepB, roBopHie! ?ero bh xotbto ott> MeBJi? 

He sByKa He pasfla^ocB bi OTBin. Cjuimaiocb tojkbro myii- 
Hoe, csaBJieHHoe xuzaHie cothh rpyAeft. 

— Bu K6HA HenaBHwiTe? Bu xotsxe oteatb y moha xhbhb? 
Xopomol CKasHie 8a tto? S^Icl cionrb npeACTaBHiejiiB sopojifly 
KOTopoMy Mu Bci cjiysHMii, KOTopuft Bi CBOHX'B pysaxi x^p- 
jRHrb Bd HaRasaHlfl. 3a%cb ctohti npescTaBHien Bonii vb bo- 
Toparo a B^pyio, h bu xaBse. fl oiAaK) ce6ji na cyx'b o6oHX'b. 
Bu MOJEeie xajioBaTBca... %o h Bain» cffljiajcb? 

MojmaHie npoAOJUsajiocB. MrnoBeHie... nocjomiajicfl BHsrjniBHft 
rojioci, HO OHi cpasy npeciKCfl, saKi 6yAT0 ero CHJOft sarjiy- 
mHJKH, H saMepi b% thxomi 6opMOTaHin. 

— Bu MOJiHHTe. Bu He sHaexe. FocnoAa, nosajiyftcTa, no- 
MorHie dTHM'b Cibffiuvh Jiiosflwb BuflTH HSi saipyAHeHiA. Bon, 
HE seMJii jresHn Bucmaa noneciB naitf h, Kpecrb, Roropuft rto- 
TO CpocHjrb, cuiaa ero onoaopenHuirB ci Toft MHHyru, KaRi» si 
nojuyHHJii TaRofl-ace. 3a%cb ctohtb Apyroft nejiOBiRi, oiRasaB- 

mift ]IH% Bl pyROHOXaTlH, ROTOpUMl BCARift HeCTHUft HeJLOBi^B'B 

ofiM^HHBaeTCH CB xiiTB, RTO HO HOAJieitB. IlycTB Ha dTOTB pasi, 
rocnoAHHi saciAaTejiB, hctau coeAHHATca ci cyABHMH. Hsjio- 
jKHie CBOK) sajio6y, cyAHie, npomy BacB^ a, sufj. 

MojiHanie AapHJio no npeaRneiiy. Sac^AaiejiB CMyn^eHHO Rpy- 

THJEL^B ROHHHRfB 6aReH6apA'B. 

— A BUy rocnoAHHik CBJin^enHHRB..* ne noAo6aerB i[h6 npH- 

BJHORaXB R-B OTB^Ty MOerO BOCHHTateJIA, HO HiCROJIBRO MiCJIKeB'B 

TOiiy HasaA'B bu mh% yRasajai na ABepB. He zoTHTe-jm BucEa- 
saTBCH orb hmohh Bamero npHxoAa? 

HasHflH HejiiocTB cxapHRa Aposajia, ry6u sameBejouiHCB, ho 
CB HHX'B He cuerbji'b hh oahht> ssyRB. Chjoi, Ra8ajD[0CB, ociar 
BEJui ero; tojibro ahrU, npHciajTBHsift BsrjuiABy RoropuicB OHib 
HS'B-noA'B HaBHcmHXB 6poBefl npoHHSBiBajrB BojiecJiaBa, ne npeA- 
Biniiaji'B HH^ero xopomaro. 

BojiecjiaBi pascii^jiCH. 

— Hy, laRB, H caifb AOJOEeni cxaxB cBOHirB o^BEHaxejieirB,-- 

BOCRJIERHyjirB OHB. 

OhI^ RaBI» 6yAT0 OHBflHijI'B OTh C06CTBeHB0ft A^PSOCXH. <TBO)i 

pyRa 6yAexib npoxHB'B bcIx'b h pyRH bcIxi npoxHBi xe6ji!> 
nponecjiocB paAOcxHO b'b ero ajoi'^-— B^^ AJi^aexe, qxo na hh^ 
AOJUEHU BunecxHXB oxi^OBCRle rpiftxH, na mh% hsjiexb cboA fh^bb^ 

DOTOMy HTO OHl HO MOXOXl COJEbmQ HBJIHTBCfl Ha MOpXBarO. Xo- 

porno, Ji ero HacJi^AH^K^* ^ 6ep7 na ce6H ero BHHy h ho ox- 



r 



KonaHBii SOPOFA. 133 

sasmaiocL ee HCRynKb, ecjn otb m6hji noipeOyion BcsyueHiff 
npam k copaBewiraociE. Ho noneiiy se He tporain nosotHaro? 
UoneMj ero He npHueuK b% cyxeCnoft oTBiTCTBeHHocTH? Ox- 
Hero ero He noranpfjui r-b dma^iy, ecju ohi tofo sacjiysHBaorb? 
PoenoxHHi sacixaveu, o6pantaK)CB sib Bairs: naci a cnpamH- 
Baio, no^euy rocyxapciBO, KOTopoe bu 8X^ npeACTaBJiflere wb 
CBoen jHiji, noneiiy oho Monaaio h lepnijio, hto6h dra xo- 
6pHe JDffi, soTopioTb He 6hjio cx^JiaHo HHisasoro sjsa, npexa- 
JiHCB 6u Tasoft peta'qecKoft h xecTOKoft MecTH, Kasyio Moasen 
BHxyiiaTB TonKO Mosn RpoBOsaj^HHX'b XHRapeft? MecTB 8a %%- 
aHle, KOToparo & ne npHBHaio h ho OTpHi^ao, ho soropoe so 
Hacioan^aro BpeMOHH Memarb bo upasi HeHSB^THOCTH? RaKi 

oho COBepmHJIOCB H COBeponUIOCB-JIH oho, KIO H81 BaCTb 910 

saaen? H Tim He MeHie, bu OTBeprom ero h ero poffb npe- 
j(ajiH HsrHamiQ, nosopy, 6e89ecTiiD, Tasi npHBAesHTe se si 
cy;^ MeHs, noRoftnaro n... 

Owh CMjnSjdEBO OCiaHOBHJIGfl, nOTOMy HTO He CM&TB npoHs- 

Hecn HKfl PerHHu; rjmsa CBan^eBfiHRa MeinyjiH mojihIk). Osjia- 
Xkvb CHOBa co6ofl, owh npoAOJisajnb: 

— TaR-B cnpamnBaftie-sel roBopHiel biuchhto to, hto TaHTca 
BO HpaRi,H TOFAa cyAHie!.. Ho paacjd^Ayfl^ Tor^a h to bjioa^- 
Hie, ROTopoe juinuijio Kena HMinia h coctoahIh, ROTopoe sacTaa- 
JTJieTB KOHfl, RaRB AHRaro SBipfl, shtb bb pasBasHHax'B h ro- 
Topoe en^e ao chxi nopi BSHBaerB rb He6y o MH^eHiH. SL jwojmj 
BdbTb Apyrnxi 0CR0p6JieHiflX'B; o tohi, hto bu kh^ h... mohitb 
yrpoxaJiH cxepTBio h y6iflcTB0irB, hto bh nperpaAHJiH nyTB na 
RJUUiOHH^e Tbjiy Moero OTi^a... a Bain» dto nponiiaio. Ho sa noA- 
xoFB, RjuHycB, R OTOMmy! ^0 ceroAHA fl AynajTB, hto cb^tb 
cnpaBeAJiHBOCTH norac^B a^ neHfl, ho ecJiH6u n TaRB, to h ero 
€H0Ba sasry. H ne ycnoROiocB, noRa ne OTRpoio noASHraTeJifl, s 
TorAa Aa cioLiiyeTca Fochoab hba'b hhmb e naA'b BcinH ero co- 
yHacTHHRaMH! 

Bi TOJini o6HapysEjiocB fiesnoRoftcTBo. CTOHBmie bi nepoA- 
BeiTB pflAy noHHTHJiHCB cHOBa nasaA'B, RaR'B-6ii sam^Hn^aHCB otb 
MecTH pasrH^BaHHaro ?ejE0B%Ra. Co CTopoHU ORHa pasAajica cHixi, 
HO Hpec^RCH vh caMoiTB HaHai*!. 

B'B ROHHart jtflsi HO'qeTHHXB rocTeft RasAiiift no u%p% chjtb 
CTapaicfl CA&iaTB bhab, hto ho cjoiniHrB cjiobb BojiecjiaBa. 3a- 
ciAaTeJiB, ROTopuft, RasajrocB, 6ujrB oco6eHHo HeopiaTHo saxpo- 
lyrB, HepBHO nepejiHCTUBaji'B cboh 6yMarH. CTapHRi MepRejtB, 
yh Heo6uRHOBeHHoft topohshboctbk) noAHHsmift RpecxB cb seiuiH, 
lacKiBBo coBajTB ero conpoTHBJuiBineMycH cuHy. Cipsift HejioB^Ri, 
iiutismifl MesAy Ti(H% H8B-noAB CTOJia, ycepAHO CTHpajTB ntuiB cb 

CBOHXl) ROJiiHB. 

Oabh^ cBHH^eHHHR'B BHHicaTeJiiBHO cJiymaJTB. CiA&fl rojiOBa ero 
uierBa Aposajia. npHCJOEOHHBinHCB vb ctojlj, ohb, RaR'B xEH^saa 



134 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

OTBi^a, co6Bpaiomajics 6pocBTBea aa caoio ao6jnj, crosun> h ro* 
pflnpHi, xrynvwb BBrjuAom, xasajiocB, zoiin npoHSHTB Bojie* 
ciaBa HacKBOsB. 

EcjuH 6u EojiecjuaBi bi btj HBHyiy BsrjiflHyjrB na Hero, lo 
owh He piniHJicfl 6u na HOBuft bhbobi. Ho owl xot^i ao BOHKa 
lopsecTBOBaTB uoCifj. 

— ?T0(5fiI HaiTb BCe 6iaO ACHO, — BOCBJIBBHyorb OHB, — BaifL H MHi> 

vo6h Bci BHajiH Ha m>et cxoponl npaso h hb HBeft necnpaBex- 
JHBOCTB, B cnpamBBaH): bto hsi bbci BiriberB 'qT0-HB6yAB npo- 
xhkb iieHB? EoMy b CAiiaonb EaRoe-HBCyxB sbo? Kto MoxenHa 

XeHfl Wb HeMVHH6yA^ nOSaBOBBTBCB? 

BApyrB 8a hbhi pasxaJicB fobocb craparo CBBn^eHHBRa: 

— Sa^cb-bb CTOBBp'B raRejiiB6eprB? 

BoJiiecjiaBi B8;Q)orHyjirB. PposHuft fobocb pasnajicB bi eto 
jmaxi, KUffb TMCb DpaBocyAiB. Oh'b ho sHaBi, hto euj roro- 

BHBOCB, HO HyBCTBOBaJTB, ^TO HpOACTOBrB HltHrO yBCBCHOe. 

Tojina saEOBBixajiacB, sig^BraBacB. HanOBOBHHy npoTOBRajni, 
HBHOBOBBHy npoianpiBH BHepeA'B HBAHBi^y-CTOBapa, sajiKafl $b- 
rypa KOToparo noBBBjiacB fb nepeflHeMi pB^y. Owb 8a^^l^](aJICBy 
ordHBajucB RyBaKaMH b, yse ctob y nopora, nHxaBCB en^e pasi 
HHpnyTB B'B TOJiny hbh CKpiiTBca sa cubmojo cociAB* 

— He 6oftcB, raEejiB68prB,— CRa8ajD[i CBBH^eHHHR'B,— Te6i 

mnero bb cj^9xyn>. 

TOFAa OH'B AepSRO BBIDPBMBBCB B HOABBOTB 60fl8J[BBO-BCnBI- 

T;H)n^ift BsrBBA^ cbobxi CTeRBBHHiizi> rjiasi na BucoRonocraB- 
BeHBBixi rocnoAX, nepoA'B ROTopmcH ctobbi. 

— %o aro TBRoe?— cnpocHJTB CB HeroAOBBHleirB 8aciA»Tej[B. — 
Sa^iiii no8BOJiBK>rB laROMy MOJioAi](y cbo6oaho pasryjmBaTB no 

— HoiOMy ^0 yBaxaiorB Bi HOMi ero B.ejiBRoe sec^aciBe — 

BOSpaSBiTB CBBH^eHHBR'B. 

locnoABHi MepROBB noABBsyjiCB 6juise sfB dBc^ffMJoo h 
HpomenraBi ci cipaAajiBHecRoft yooiCRofl: «8to BecnacTSBift, ao- 
CToftHHft acanocTB oreifi, o RoropoM'B b pa8CRa8BiBaBi BameBj 
BH€ORopoAiK)...» HoBi rBasazi ero, MesA7 ^iMi, hobbbbcb 6e8- 

HOROftHUft fijieCCB, B OHl^ MHOrOBHaHBieJEBBO BOCHaTpBBaJTB HB 

ctobbidbx:b bi nepoABBxi pBAax'B mpaHAeHitOBi) A^P^KaBniBX'B 
yBLe BB roTOB% RyjiaRB, '«!o6u bi pinrnTeJiBByB) MBHyiy cxBa- 

TBTB HBBHBAy B y6paTB OFO CB rBa8i AOJIOft. 

— Te6i He^ero hbmi CRBBaiB, FaKejiBOeprB?— CRa8ajii'B cbb- 



— %0-se B Mory CRaaaiB, rocnoABHi CBBntenHBRB!— npo- 
BB8sajrB oh:b, nuTaBCB chobb crphtbcb b HaiBrBBafl paaopBaa- 
nyio RO^ na rojuyio rpyAB. 

— y ie6B HBRBROfl asajio6ii? 



KomA^&fl AOPorA. 135 

— OctaBBie M6Ha! xaixe meA yftiHl — BaxHUKajTb owb. — Mni 
Be Ha HTO juuioBancA. 

— H nponBiHero nnero Heuiemb? — Oss yRasai'b Ha 60- 
jecjiaBa. 

Bti noryxnnrb rjiasaxi eec^ncTHaro BcmiXHyji^b rpycxHuft 
oroHOKB: OHi noHfljn. CrapKBi MepKejiB o6ospBionte KBBajrb evy 
roMBoft, H OH^, B^bsnaKb Toro, hto noEoxb cboio poJDa», Hanajrb 
ropLKO HJiaKaiB, Baicb HBHHBi^a, y Koroparo BcerAa cjneau Haro- 
fovb. Gbobiih rpB8HmiH pyKaia owb BOffurb no JOUQr, Tasi ^ro 
OHO CKopo ciajio 6e8o6pa3Ho h ysacHO. 

— BixHuft, CiAHHft oieipbl— npHHHTHBajii rocnoxHHi Mep- 
KMB, yiHpafl CBOH rjiasa. 

— Ki Heiiy Bra BonexU?— cnpocBJTB BojiecjiaB'b ci npespH- 
TejoHOft yj[H6K0ft Ha CMeprejUBHO 6jiiAH0jrb JDnoii. 

— 9tO He KOMBXlH, BTO CyXI»! — OTB^HaJTB CTaput CBSmfiB- 

HHlTb. 

BoJiecjiaFb hosbjii njieHaiai. — fl AOBOJEeni, — CKasairb oh%, 
xoTH roiocb ero siwpoxaji'b,— b aroro Tpe6oBairb. 

nipaHxeHi^H BHiBHyjKH men vb osHAaHiH npexcroan^aro spi- 
JHH^a. B% HacTynHBHieft na MrHOBenle nmHHi hoahbjich bphbi 
H myiTb, ROTOpHMH, B^pOBTHO, CTBpajiacB y6HTB Bpexfl TOjma, He 
HoiiiciHBniaflCB B'b ipaKTHpi H HanojiHBBniaB i^epKOBHyio uo- 
JUfiKb. GpexH raHa coniniaBCB BcnyraHHuft aceHCRift icpHirb. 

— HeysTO PerHHa?.. Ho dro neBOsiiOBCHo!.. h noBBHBmaflCfl 

HTHOBeHHO MUCJEB MTHOBeHHO-BCe HCHeSJia. 

— Moe AHTB, Moe 6iAHoe, HecnactHoe xhtbI— aaBHjn CTOupi, 
^BCTBOBaBmift ce6H bi sHaKOiioft cthxIh. 

— %o cx^JsajnH TBoeiiy pe6eHKy, nejuoBiR'B? — cnpocnjrb sa- 
ctjtareJiJb, ne acejiaBinlft, "iroSu KT0-HH6yAi» spyroft Bejrb cjiixciBie. 

— IIory6HJiH Moe xhtbL. Hsi hob CAiiuuiH noracByxyl.. Moe 
OTiv)BCBoe cepAi^e... paspuBaeTCB na ^bcth... fl ipBOBal.. Eo^e 
OAHffb rpo6i.«. 

— KaasercB, dry h^hk) b on toCb y»e cjoimajrb,— npep- 
BajTB ero zMixBMJLh, — 9to 6iuio e^e vb to BpeicB, Rorxa b 
6ujrh sfflcL AJiB Aonpoca seHnprau, TBoeft xonepH, no noBO^y 
KomaHBot Aopora. Ecbh tki sa aiH hbtb jAvh ne BuyHHJDrbHH- 

Hero HOBBTO... 

Oob oCepnyBCfl kl CBfln^enHHsy h npH6aBHjrb c!b *yjm6K0ft: 

— MhI KaacercB, "iro BTony IIojramHHejiio naBBsajiH pojoob 
BBprHHiB. 

Cipuft HejEOBi^eBib bi yrjiy sacirfcBJicB cm^xoitb, nanoHHHaB- 
niHirb 6jieBHle Koau, ho ceftnacb-Bce saMOJiqajirby EaKb-6u Hcny- 
raHHuft cBoet AopsocxBio. 

Ho CBBH^eHHHKb BOBCO HO XOBaJTb HOBBOBHIb OCTpHTb HBffb 

co6oft. 

— Hy, TaKi B Cyjy sa toCb tobophtb, raKeaaCeprb,— ckb- 



136 P7CGK0B BOrJLTCTBO. 

BUI OSTb,— BO MH% HHKTO HO ICOXeTE He 0TB6CTHCB COpBeSHO, 

paAH Te6a, h paj^v Baci Bdn h pasE cairoro Focnoxa, naffB cba- 
THHE sasoHaMH ROToparo BucoRonocTaBJieHHHe rocvoxa h6 no- 

CiAfQTb OCTpHTB* BapOETB ^HB-IIIpaHAeHl, BH MOHfl BHSBaJDH; 

BU Bce en^e corJiacHu oTB^^qaTB kh%? 

BojrecjuaBB otb^tha'b yTBepjpiTeJirBHO, nojraiiit 6ofl8JSEBaro ne- 
xepniHlfl. Eny noKasaJiocBy ^to ohi bo Biopoft pasx, cebosb 
myHB TOJUDH, cjnnnETi xeHCsift kperi. 

— Bu npEHAjni Hacji%ACTB0 Bamero OTAa? 

— Bh BB dTOM'B C0MH%BaeT6CB? 

— Kb cosaJn^HiK), h^tbI 

— %0 3T0 BHaHETB? 

— Bti ceCi npECBOflJiE e to, hIitb ohi HecnpaBeffJiEBO BJia- 

— FocnoAEHB CBfln^eHHEicB!.. — 0HB0CT0Ji6eHij[B. Ohb xot%ji:b 

OTB^HaTB, HO HTO-TO SaXBaiEJIO OMy ropJIO. «rAi TBOfl C1C&I0CTB?» — 

cnpamEBajiB ohb ce6fl. 

— Bh Hanura senniEHy, rocnoAEHB 6apoHB, 6iiBmyio jrio- 
6oBBEiteft Bamero OTHia. Bu ee nanuiE yHEseHHoft, onosopeHHoft, 
EOCEBmeft Ha ce6i cje^xh rpjiSE e npeciynjieHiH. Mnorojui^THee 
pa6cTB0 JKEHiEjio 00 BCflBaro "^ejnoB^HecRaro AOCTOHHCTBa. Ona 
TaMB SEJia, KaRB sBBOTHoe. 3to HecHacTHoe cosAaHienpEHaAJie- 
sajio Hapoxy e eh%. SL ee BocnEiajtB, RpecTEJTB e noAaBajiB eft 
Hamy cBaioro npE^acm. fl noRJifljorcA nepesB jiekohb npExo^a 
onoRaTB aiy uoMjiyjo, BXBoftB^ ocBpoi^Bmyio Ayioy> ^aRB RaR% 

BEHOBHERB OH pOXAOHiH HO 6lIJrB BB COC^OHHIE 8T0r0 CflijiaTB 

caicB. 

— Azb! Koe 6%AHoe, ocEporlBmee aetaI — npEHETHBajTB 
CTOJUpB. — ToJiBRO en^e ABa... tojibro en^e oaehb rpo6B... 

— fl sa nee OTBinaK) nepexB BoroicB e nepexB npExoAOifB. 
SL He Mory ee ipeOoBaiB otb tboofo oma, noioMy hto oh% 
CTOETB nepoAB npecTOJiOMB BceKoryn^aro, ho otb Te6H & Tpe- 
6yiD ee e bb stotb nacB pascHOTa, ROTopuft ru caiiB BusBajTB, 
jet cnpaniEBaio Te6A: hto tu cxiJiajiB cb dToft AyniOH>? 

IlepeAB rjiasaME BojiecjiaBa nponeccfl RpacHoaaTufl TyicaHB, 
E BB dToiTB TyMani^ 4^Erypa c^Aoro CBan^enHERa xaRi crpamHO bh- 
pocjia, HTo ona eny noRasasacB CBepxBecTecTBeHHoft.— Aposa- 
n^EME yctaME ohb kofb tojibro nporoBopETB: * 

— iTO-ae 6hjio mhI a*Jimb? ^to a mofb... 
A CTapERB npoAOJi3RajiB: 

— GeroAHfl Te6ji HamB RopojiB bhcoro hohtejtb nepeAB bc^me 
jiioabve; CMorpE-ace, BooiecJiafi'b ^OHB-IIIpaHAeHB, otjibhhjib-jie 
6u te6si TaRse FocnoAB Bofb? Tu cnpamEBaemB, hto re6i 
6sjio skimbi KaRB-6ii ero cyn^ecTBO he Sujio sarpas- 
HOHO E yHEacoHO, OHO AOJUBHO 6UJII0 ocTaTBCJi fM toCe 6o- 
A%e BucoREHB E cBflTuvB, ^iwb rto-jie6o Ha seujA. ?T0 TU 



Konu^Bfl xoPorA. 137 

cxiiajTB, no6u HCBymtb BHHy TBoero onia nponBi sroft sen- 

IQSHH? OCBOfiOXEJKb-JH TK nOI^yseHHUt B'B pa6CTB0 KfTh Ofl? 

noxHfljii-jiH TH ofl AJiny B% BceicBJiocTHBOMy H Bcenpontaiaiiteicy 
Foenofly? Hjih zei ee bco HHse h hhsb norpyxui bi ton 
npecTynHsft otyn, soiopuirb TBoft aomi h TBaft po;^ onyrajiH 
«e? H npea^e Bcero: saKsirb o6pa80irb jaui th ci^ Heio? Fobo- 
pan, no Ha Bameirb nycTsiHHOirB ocrpoBft ecTb toj[bk6 oaho sh- 
jEoe noMimeHle. HeyxeJUH-se th ne noAyvajTB a Toirb, hto to, 
HTO npHHaxJiesajro TBoeiiy onQr, aojukho 6iuio ocTaTBca HenpH- 
KOCHOBeHHmn» xvi Te6a, no Bcbwb Be6ecBtntb h JiiOACKiiirB sa- 
soHam) HaynKTB-jDi th ee MOJOiTBi h pacsaflHiH) vara en C/bvr 
HHJi, 6e8BOJiBBiifl HyBCTsa evofi 6ojii%e nacuTurb AsoirB?.. J!^ep- 

XUPh'XB Til CBOK) RpOBB HHCTOft OTb BCARITB npeCTyilHHXl Se- 

jiamfl? Hjih tboh noMHCJDi OKpyacHJUH ee, Kara au^Hue aB^pa, 
H Girajm sa Heft h noASHsajm MHHyry^ KorAa mokho 6uj[0 boc- 

HOJEbBOBaTBCfl Ofl CJiaGOCTBK)... HOU HO 6tUI0 COBOpmeHO HOBOe 

HOCTUAHoe A^me... 

— SaMOJi^BTel — saRpHHajn BojieuaB'B. 

Hffb ycTL atoro spoTRaro xpHcxiaHiHa, AiftcTBHTenHO, BUCKa- 
UBajDi cRopnloHsi. Owb yniarb rponHTb cairae Taftnue rpimHue 
noMHCjm, Auce Tame, ROTopue en^e He cyn^ecTBOBajm vh cosna- 

BiH, ■ Wb ROTOpUXl OHli BCeTaSH Bl dTOTb HaCb AOUCeHb fiHJTL 
<X6SL npBBHaTB BBHOBaTHMl. 

TenepB Bce, Bce Gujio acho; bco, hto Kimajio eny cnaTB b% 

VmBSSa, OAHHOKlfl HOCT, ^TQ BOJIHOBailO TaR'b CosyMHO BTO KpOBB, 

^TO eacTaBJifljuo ero, npraaEBB A^^siHle, npncjsymHBaTBCH, ne pas- 
Aaerpfl-jm ea AiixaHle Tasse nepoBHO, to tfucTpie, to KOAJieH- 
Bie, ^iu% erOy hto6u yAOCTOB^pHTBca, ^to ona TaRse (k>AP* 
^^TByerB, RaRi h ohb, bb TaRoftse TpoBori npacjiyinHBaeTCfl, 
laRi H ohb... Bce dTO 6uj[0 npecTynHoe sejiaHie o6mj^rb ea 

TljiOIIB, OnOBOpeHHUlTB, HSXy^eHHmffBy rOpAUHl^, HpeJteCTHHMB 

lijioirB... Ho, cjiaBa Eory! npecTynJieHle en^e shjio tojibro BHy- 
TpH ero. En^e 6Bijro Bpeiut nperp^AHTB eiiy buxoab panBme, ^ki 
OHO nepecTymiJio TaHHCTBeHHHft noporb. fifi chxi nopi ohb Gbiji^b 
o6ji8aHB AuaTB othotb tojibro caHOMy ce6i, h tojibro cam mofb 
cyAHTB to, hto Jieacajio y H;ero na cobIcth. 

Bjli^AHilft H paCTepflHHHft, OffB OrJEAHyJICfl H JTBHA^JIB Ha BC^XB 

jn^axB TopsecTBO. 
— Rto Baifi f,Mrb npaBO o6bhhatb iieHfl bb TaROHB npe- 
ryHnemn?— saRpHHaJTB ohb CBan^enHHRy. 

— fl BacB He o6bhhhio, a tojibro cnpanosBaiOy— npepBajrb 
ro CTapHRB. — Bh cjihihromi no6jiiAH'&ui, rocnoAHHi 6apoHB, 
to6u hu Morjm noBipnrB Bameny neroAOBamiol 

— OffB caiTB ce6a ocyAHJrB, Hec^acTHHft,— npH6aBHJiB ropecTHO 
t)CHOAHH'B MepReJiB CTapmift. 



138 PyCGKOB BOrATGTBO. 

nipaHseHmi, cHOBa BOcmuiaBmie Hi«eagtoft, iro ero moshc^ 
6jnerh cxBaiHTB sa nuiBopon, samyii&ra HcrojomjiHCBynopora. 

B% 8Ty MHHyry, wrjpfmM. bocb dron myirb pasj^aJicfl co 
ABopa pasAHpaiQii^ft nyniy RpHKi» o nouomfi. He ocTasajiocB 
6oaiBnie HHKaKoro C0MH%HiH: aro Ctuia PeriiHa. 

— Penraal — sanpiraajTB ohi, nos6irafl kb orhj, bkxoahb- 
meify Ha XBopi. — TaicB xHRaA oxoxa 6ujia vb nojmoMB pasrapi^ 
ToJina pasiapeHHUTB 6a6B 6&KaBa, cjcaKajia, necjiacB nepes'B hb- 
ropoxH, ^qepesB 6o'7RH, Tejiira, saiiepsiilia syHH Hasosa. 3a hhhh 
rnajiECB napHH cb jsyhuEaxE. Co BcbTb £080^081 jierijai KaiiHH. 

— IIoMoniTe! noMoreie!— pasxaBaJiCJi RpiiKi PerHHu, ho ea 
caMoft ne 6ujio bhxho. 

Eorxa OH!b pacnaxHyoTB ABopB, f o ona BJierijia b'b leicHiift 
KoppHAop'B, a sa neio h 6ynieBaBinafl Tojsna. 

Go cipamHoft ouioft oh% BTanpurb ee bi> BOMHaTy h nocni&niHO 
saxjEonHyjDTB ABopB, nepoA'B caMHirb JomoirB paa^b^peHHuxB ne* 
repi. 

Ona onycTHJiacB b'b ero Honuii h, pHAan; npasajia CBoe 
sBno s'b HOJaaiTB ero ciopTyKa. Hsb ea cyftoposHO csamx'B pysB^ 
BBrnaiH xb% pascn^enjieHHiiH aocbh; ocraTKHiipiTa^KOTopmrBOHa 
o6uxHOBeHHO aanpoi^aJiacB on tfpocaeicux'B bi nee Kaiffleft^ 

Bojiocu 6fl 6iiani pacxpenaHH, ujiaTBe HsopaaHo, KpacKBaa 
iiixoBaa OTffijiBa, Eoropoft osa xaBB roppuiacB, BHC&ia sox- 

MOTBflMH. 

— JI|a aro npejiecTHaa BJiK)6j[eHHafl napoHEa, — CRasan roc- 
noAHHi MepROJiB, paxocino noTHpaa pyan. 

yBHAa Hxi Biilcrt, mpanxeHitaicB chjibho saxortjrocB iipo- 
XOXxaTB jtjbjio CBOHXi seffB. BuKb Penraii scerAa B086yaKAajrB s% 
HHxi nenpeoAOJOiMoe seJiaHle 6pocaTB bi Hee ^irb-HH67AB. Ohb 
HcnycTHjrE paAOcrraift peai h cxajra HCRaxB MeraTOJiBHuxi opy- 
Aifl. YxB AB% rjamflHua RpysRH BJier^bH B'b noHexnyK) ROMHaTy, 
H OAHa H8i EBXh HOHaia vb HJieHO CTOJuapy. YdHBaTB ohh 
BHRoro He xoTbjmj ho sejiajni nosaCaBHTSca. 

SaciA&TejiB OTHaflHHO Maxajrb cbohmh ROCTJUffimai pyRaMH. 
Bee ero cnoRoftnoe aoctohhctbo pa86uaiocB o6i drnxi nepxeft* 

— FocnoAHHi saciA&Tex^ — CRasajii BojiecjiaB'B, yaaauBaa na 
ROJiteonpeRJiOHeHHyio sennpiHy, npHsaBmyiocfl B'B neMy bb no- 
jnyCescosHareJiBHOirb cocioamR. — H npomy bbcb sanoicHHTB axy 
caeny. Ecjir bh caMH ne T^Bcrayeire ce6a o6a8aHHUirb Bcry- 
HHTLCfl, TO JierRO Mosen 6uThy "no a npHHyaRAOHi 6yAy npH* 
SBaiB BacB Kb RanecTBi CBHAiiejiui npoTHBi dTHX'B xpa6pux'B 
jnoAeft. 

BaxHuft saciA&Tem ho noHHHairb, RBRyio sasRyH) pooiB oh'b 
HrpajTb. J^j^axe RpacHBaa jSBBHHaa rpnaa ero norepjuia bojihto- 

BOCTB H BECiJia HpaHUXH ROCMaVH BORpyTb erO rOJIOBU. 

— MepRejiBy — saaapRajTb owb, — BuicicTHHft HanajibHBRi. 21 



jDiiiiy Baci sojuKHOcn, ecjiH bs cetnaci-xe ho BoacraHOBne 
nopjixon. GmpHO, jhojpe, cmhphoI 3io napymeHie nrnHHu h 
CQOKoftcTBlfl, sa aro MjijTh m iiopBKy... a Baci Bcixi aacasy bi 
nopBMy... BU npH opyadH... dTO BairB Gyxerb CTOHTBipezi juin 
nDpeMHaro saiuiioHeHlji*.. Saaipa a IIpH^u[]o saHxapMOB'By ipexi 
xaHxapMOB'b sapasi... 

^o6puft reBdft noncRasaxb euy ary yrposy, noroiiy tto hh- 
saRafl Apyraa He noAtBcTBOBajiia-6u Ha o6e8]rMiBimirb mpaHseH- 

JlfiVh. Co BP6M6HH HGCHaCTHOt BOfiHU B^ IIIpaHA6H£ He 6iIJI0 

6omne asaHxapMOBi. 9to 6sjio Sonmoe c^acibe, Boropoe ohh 
6ofljaiCB norepaTB, h6o mpameHiQi crpamEmcB saHsapMOffb 
(kMQone Kopoifl. 

rocnoxEHi MepjsejiB, HannaBmlft xposaiB aa CBoe m^cto, 
CsixaA cb CBoeft CTopoHH Bce, Tro6u HxiycnosoHTB. £ro cuhi 
CO CRpen^eHHrniH na rpysH pyKanH ctoajdtb y OKHa h x&iairi 
bhs:b, 6yAT0 aro spioointe 8a6aBJifl6rb ero B:b Bucmeft cieneHn. 

Gtapuft CBfln^eHHHKb ho orpuBajrb roiasi orb napoHm; sasa- 

lOCB, 0H1» Z0Tijl!b HpOHHKHyTB BSOpOMl Vb CaHyK) TJlKyCHHy VTb 

cepAem* 

— BcTaHB|— cRasaji'b eft BooiecjiiaB'B, — ledHH^eroHe cji(&ia- 
K)n. 9 Cb T06010. 

Ho OHa eniie 6oA3JaLvbe npHsajiacB bi HOiiy. 

— He npaBAB-JiH, rocno^qrai, Baci ne yBexyri oicioAa? — 
pBWUia 0Ha.~^fl y6Bio ce6fl, ecjnc aro npaB^a* 

— Ein, BCTaHB-se. 

— rocnoAHHi»y axi HEJOift, Manuft fochoahhi! — h ona npa- 
zajiacB roJuoBoft Kb ero KOjriHAMi. 

— BojiecJiaBi ^OH'b-HIpaHAeHi, m ace e^e OTpHuaemb? 

— ?io A xoJUKOHi oipnifaTb? %o ara Cixnafl, HecHacinaa 
seHn^HHa, BOTopyio bu osjseBeTajLH h OTBeprju, bo uwb B^grn 
CBoero cnacHiejifl, CBoero fiora, noTOMy hto a nepauft sa Bck 
an roAu kb h^ o6paTHjiicja[ c% HejoLOBinecKHirb cjeobohi?.. 
Hjth h ffiJURewb orpxitaTb, hto ato necHacxHoe eAHHCTBOH- 
Hoe cyn^ecTBO wb uipk, ne noBHHyBmee Mena lorna, Korxa 
Bci noKHHyjm MOHfl, cxijiajiocb ][h6 MHJoncb h Aopormrb? H 
6iU'B-6u rpy6im h 6e8TyBCTBeHHmrb Hyp6aH0Mi&, eanaCu a 
HHane OTflocHJuca bi neft nocai acero, htq ona fjuL iiena ca^- 
Jiaia. fl He npocHjrb ee A^JTHTb co MHOft OAHHOHecrao ffb pasaa- 
JtHHaxi. CoBciifb He laR'b aecejio laicb, naBepxy, h aca Moa ao* 
" OTa aaKJDOHajiacb ai* tomi, hto a nosaojnurb eft sepTBoaaTb 

Soft vui MeHa. Piu(octh a ne jifLirb eft HHxaEOft. HeAOSBoaen- 
ro HHHero ne npoHSonuio MexAy Ham. Ecas ohb npeAnoHH- 
en 6uTb Moeft BpinociHoft, niirb a^tb ce6a hoShtb RaiiHaicH, 
AO aroro HHSOiiy vb Hipi wbrb xkudk, Menie-se acero aairb, 
^aHAOHitairB, hjui oeo66HHO Tony nbaHHirl, KOTopuft kofa^u 

OAUl CBOH) C06CTBeHHyiO RpOBb H HIOTbl 



140 PrCCBOB BOFATCTBO. 

06oApeHHi2t cTapuiTB MepRejieiTB, croszp'b cran pasurpuBaTb 
pactporaHHaro onta. 

— 0, MOii aohb! koh 6'lffHafl^ Hec^acTHaa xohbI — samiiqajES 

Offb. 

— GiriJiiftl — menrajTE eny Kadaiwirb, — noTpe6yft ee Ha- 
sax'B. 

— BepHHCB, sHTfl Moe, BepHHCB jcb CBoeMy necHacTHOMy, 
noKHHyToicy ohqt! Ohi cb ropa cs^Jiajicfl uh^BKOfiA. Ohi cko- 

jrOTETb TOJIBRO 611^6 ffid^ rpo6a, OARH'B fi^JiO. Ce6fl H OSHHl... 

Offb 0poT.flH7jrb KB Heft rpasHyio pyRj, Rotopyio OHa cb ot- 
Bpan^eHleM'B e ysacoicB OTTOJUsnyjia. 

— He TpyAHCB, — CBasajTB BoJuecjiaB'B,— ona npHHaAJiesHrb 
MH$, BaEci fl npHHaAJieoKy eft. 

— n BceTasH fl ceroAHH y Te6a ee Tpe6yH), BoJiecjiaB'B 
^HB-nipaHxeffBl— CBasajTb cBHn^eHHHRB, Bosjiaraa pyKy na ro- 
jOBy PerHHH. 

Ona cnyn^eHHO aesHJiiacB, ho noRopHJiiacB. 

— Aju Toro, 'n7o6ii bei ynoGHie ^orjoi ee no6HirB BavHaini, 
He npaBAa-jiH? 

— SI o6iii^aio leOi, ?to othhh^ hhrto ne cjcinaen eft BJta. 
SI cam OTBesy ee^K'B CBoeiiy TOBapn^y, BoropHft noxroTOBHTb 
ee Ki» seHHofl h 8arpo6Hoft xhshh. He nperpajB^aft eft nyra Kh 
cnaceniK), ne onyniBaft ee en^e 6ojiBme rp'^rnHHira i^toflMH. 

BoJiecjiaB'B MOJraaJi'b. Bi Hen's 6opojD[acB THC^a nyBCXBi h 
ifHCJieft. CSrapHKb ne 6hji'b oGMann^HROiTB: ero cjiobo*6ujio TsepAO, 
KaKi^ CRajia. EaRoe hh&tb oht> npaBO na diy jKenn^ray, 6e8i 
BOJm Jie2RaBmyio y ero hofb? %o mofb ohi npeAJiosHTB eft, 
hto6h 6paTB na ce6A OTBiicTBeHHocTB sa ea sbshb? 

Tyn Birlmajucfl saciA&TejiB, npHmejpnift cHOBa bi ce6fl nocsb 
HciniTaHHaro Hcnyra. 

— J!l,ocTHrji[a-JDi dTi^ oco6a coBepmeHHoarfiilfl?— cnpocHJii ohi. 

GBan^eHHHRI» COCHHTaJIl H SaJTB yXBepAHTeJIBHHft oTB^rs. 

— Sna^Hn vis paterna ne HM'len chjoeh, h neoiBSfl sacta- 
BHTB ee GpocHTB pacnyTHuft o6pasi shshb; a to moxho Cujio- 
6u ee Bi HcnpaBHiejiBHoe... 

Ero saciaBHJTB sanoji'^aTB HacuimjrHBuft xoxon BooiecJiaBa. 

— Hy, xopomo. TaRi» nycTB-se ona p%nmT'B caMa. ^obojibhh 
BH, rocnoAHFB 6apOH'B? 

— fl ee He Aep^y^'-^BHpBajiocB y nero, ho ohi ceftnaci-xe 
HoqyBCTBOBaji'B, RaRi JiesaBmee bb ero noraxB vbno Bce sj^po- 
sajio. — PerHHa, cjiBiniHinB, hto oSin^aerB rocnoAHHB CBfln^eHHHRi?.. 
Tu sHaeniB, hto tboa CyAyn^HOCTB o6e8neHeHa. Xo^eniB hocjA- 
XOBaTB sa hhmii? 

Ona HOJtHJUta kt> neicy pasropiBmeeca, saJiHToe cjiesaiiH jnu^o 
H tepiiAaJia: 

— HoxajiyftCTa, rocnoffiBrB, ne... myrHre... co hhoAI 



— TaKi Tu, BHaHHn, zoHemB ocTancfl y m6H£?' 

— Bh b^ab 9T0 snaere, rocnowrabl.. SaniM^b bu neHfl mj- 
nre? 

— Hy, TaBi BcraBaft, noftAOirbl 
GBJiii;eHfiKR'b8aropo;aui:b eiiy Aopory, Oh^ 6ujrB fijiixoH'b, Kas's 

CKepn, a ero jiCTpe6HHHerjia8aBnHjnicBBiJiHiioBojiecjxaBa. Ohi 
TopsecTB6HHO nojdosKHJTb eiiy pysy na ludHO, Basi vh Tor& 
pasi, Kor«i BUflCHflJii bcio bhhj ero oma. 

— CixErb MOft, — CKasaiTL oH^b, — Te6ji a TaKase npsHflJi'B 
npH - Kpen^eHlH. Te6ji a HayHHJTB jieneraiB hua FocnoAHe h 
jRasajTB Ha nyxeca ero TBopeHla. Tu 6KJi'b mh*! xopon, KaR'b 
Koe co6cTBeHHoe ahta, sase 6oJiBme, noiony no th 6fiui'b cu- 
Hom Moero rocnoAHHa. 3a Te6fl s, xose ffiJiXJdWb oiBinaTB y 
npecToaa BceBuniHflro. Tu ho mofl otocihtbca orb xoro noAO- 
ap^HlJi, KOTopoe jiesHTb Ha leC'l. H HHTafo wb iBoefi Aymi, hb 
onycKafl roiasa, s. snaio Bce. H noroxy h en^e pasi Tpe6yio otb 
Te6ji ary s8H^^^a[y. H ee xpeCyio bo hka ea OTi^a, bo hmh npH- 
zoAa, BO BHfl namero TocnoAa, oTi^a Bcixib CHpon h Abxeft, h6o 
OHa He BHaen, hto iBopETi. Ocbo6oah ee... TorAa tu CyAeniB 
HeBHHeHi H MosemB ci HHpoirb hath CBoeft Aoporoft. 

PerHfla BCiajia h ci coAporaBienx cxBaTBJia ero pyny. 

— IIoftAeiTb, — CKasajnx oHi, — HaA'i^iocBy hto EdkM,% fif^n f,o- 
pory* — H OHi xortjocb npoftTH mhmo ciapHKa. 

Ho ciapHKi CHOBa saAepsaorb ero h npocTep^b Kh neiiy 
pysH. 

— TaKi TH AOCTOHHi TBoeio OTAal H RaRi OAHasAU fl npOR- 
uji'b ero, TaRi bi 8Tor& naci a npoRJiHHaH) TeCji, a ci> To6ofi 
R ^y aRennvTHy. EyAB RaHHOMi, EOToparo Bon nporaaJTb orb 
ce6Al JifiL He HaflAemb tu HHrA^ npHcxanBH^a. JKbbh se bck) 
XB8Hb Bi pasBanHHarb, h dxa xenn^HHa cb To6ofi! Tenepb CTy- 
nafiTe... AaftTO Hirb Aopory, h totx, kto aotpohotcji AO EULTbCb 
AodpiiMX HJiH AypBuirb HaH'lpeHieMi>, 6y%eTh npoKJifirb bmIct^ 

(Tb HHMH. 

y EoJiecJiaBa Bbips^cH cm$xi, cTpanno nposByHaBmift cpeAH 
o6ii^aro MOJoiHaHLi. 

— IIoftAeirb,— CKasaon ohi, cxBaiEB^b PerBny sa pysy. — 
IIoflAeMi, nycTb CTapHKi npoRJiHHaerb, b^a^ dTO ero pexecjiol 

n BceTaRH Aposb npoCixaJia no ero iisj. Bi xojin'l, na- 

nojiHflBmeft HHBHyK), otkpujica npoxoA^ ao caicoft Aaepn. Owb 

iciynHJii) wb Hero ci» PerHHOft, ho hhkto ho sacn^HJicfl, ne bu- 

yrajicfl, ne TpoHyjrb ero; cyenipHbift CTpaxi Jiesajsi na bc^^xi 

THX'b OEaHenljiHX'b, rpy6uxii jun^axi. Ohx Bumejn Ha yjotnay. 

leAflHoft BOBAyxi sHMHflro Beqepa naxHyjn eiiy Bijnmo. YsHajiH- 

LH yse CTOflBmIe na yjiHA^ o CJiyHHBnieMCfl, AoraAaJiECb-jiH, ho 

[ 8A%Cb THX'b BCTpiTHJIO TO-Se VJlj60K0e MOJinaHie, H SA^Cb ViUb 
TKpblJICfl TaKOft-Se CB060AHI>lft npOXOA^i HepOBli KOTOpufl OHH 



142 P7CCK0B BOrATGTBO. 

06a, onycTHBi rojioBj, neAJieHHO nonuni no HanpaueBiK) ki 

XIV. 

BeTOpHflji sapfl noracjia. GBiuro-roJiyCafl suicKa ORyniBajia 
oCHaseHHHe BycrapHiiBH, a na KanHarb CBepicajDi 6JiecTHii](ia 

CBiSHHKE, BaRX CaMOI](BiTHUe KaUHH. 

CH^rb xpycrtJTb noA^ Horam BojiecJiaBa. MoposHuft bos- 
xyrb npijiTHO ocB&KaJH ero ropiBmee jmi^o. Okl ycjian PerHHy 
Bnep€KB K nurajicir vh ofjmo^ecmb oGpicni cHOBa jiCHOCTb h 
j(ymeBHidt noKoft... 

Ohi^ J9CH0 cosHaBan, hto npoRJunle — BSAopi, npHBHA^Hiei 
KOTopHMi BO Tbwb njvwyrb MajieEBBHXi fflTeft. Bparb ero oii^a 
Biia^ajTb cjiyqafl otomcthtb, Kam Hon, cuHy, h BceraKH... Rasi 
CTpanrao xaEoe npoKJiflrie. nojiosmci, Bce bto BSAopi. To, wb 
^eicb no CBoeft noAOspiiTejc&HOCTH ynpeKajr^ ero cyiracmesmift 
ciapusi, eABa en^e KocnyjiocB ero Ayme, cjnenca BaipoHyBi ero 
cBOHMi spujEoirb. TenepB-ze, Rorsa ohi noHJUHb, vb "leirb x^o, 
onacHOCTB MHHOBajia. Bi cymHocTH, owh xoaixeHi 6utb (Jjuto- 
xapeH^b CTapuByy ^0 totb rnxuLu yRasajTb eicy na nponaciB, k'l 
KOTopoft OH!b, CiuJio, mejii. 

— Jl^OBOJiBHO AynaTB 061 BTOiTB, — CRasaji'b offB ce6i. — a, 
rocnoAHH%, OHa — cjiyacaHKa... h nycTB sl 6yAy npoKun... 

Qhi BssporHyjTb n ocraHOBHJicH. Bif^ owb yse Csurs npo- 
uflTb! Ohi yjai6Hyjicji CBoeiiy co6cTBeHHOMy Hcnyry. Tade 
nycTAKH, TaKoe pe6jiHecTBol Ctoaho h xjmMh o6i STOicb. 

Bo BCflKOKi cjry^ai, ci ceroASflnmaro AHfi ero OTHomoHlfl 
Kb BHinmexy idpy jifysxast BcrynHTb vb noBuft ^asHCL. Epecn 
Bi ero pyK'6 CBHA^TejiBCTBOBajrL toxi, hto ofb ho Cujtb 
CesnpaBHHiTb h o6esHeii](eHHUicb, ^0 n npaBO n necTB ohb mo- 
serb BepnyTB, ecJiH eaxonen, npeneCperafl lanEma BparaMH, 
o6paTHiBCJi KB BHcmeiiy HaqanBCTBy. Ecjin ospyacHHe cyABH 
HanuiH HeyAo6HrarB KacaTBca noAsora, to ohii sasxen tasoft 
nosapB, HTO ero njiaica sacTaBSTB npecTynHHROBB BmiojiSTH hbb 
CBonzi yrJUOBB, fa^ ohh cKptiBajiHCB. Ho, koho^ho, b% TasoicB 
cjiy^i, H A^^flHie ero OTi^a aoji^ho 6euio-^u[ buath hsb iipaRa; 
Ron(yHCTBeB[Hiiiii]i pyKaMH oh:b aojukokb Cujtb napyniHTB nosoft 
yconmaro h Bceiiy idpy npoKpiriaTB nospHBineirB ero aoub 
nosopi. ry6u ero HCKpHBHjracB. Ohb nyBCTBOBaJiB, RaRB pocjio 
ero ynopcTBo n RaRB MorymiecTBeHHO oho OBJiaA^BaJio Hin>. Mkicjib 
co6cTBeHHoft noni6ej[H bb aty MHHyry noRaaasacB eny cvbm- 
HOft. ^ero eny Ciuo CoarBca? 

— BiAB TH npoRJMTB!— npo6opMOTajiB OHB, H1181 ycTB ero 
BupBajicfl cwbx'b. 

Ob% BomejiB BB AOiTb. PerHHa HaRpuBajia ctojtb bb ysHHy. 



KOnU^Bfl AOPOFA. 143 



^i^^^ 






t 






Oaa no^HHHaa ko^^ h npHTJiaxEJia bojioch, cicohhbi htb bo- 

jiofl. JlHito eji 61UO cnoKC^Ho, RaRi Cyx^ HH^ero He ciyHHJiocB, 

moiEO KpoBaBHH iiapanHHu na me% noRasHBajra, RaRle nacu ' ^^] 

ona TOJiBRo-Tro nepexHJia. 

Oh^ cnpoouTB ee cb HaiiycKHOft CTporocnuo: 

— KaKi> 8T0 Te6i npEnuia CesyxHafl mkicjib ornpaBHTBCfl bi 
TpasTHpi)? 

Oea CKOJBOMHyjia no Hen sacrtHHmim Bsrjuxon. 

— IIpocTHTe, rocnoxHFb, — cxaBSJia ona, onycRaa roJiOBy, — 
sorjiia fl HaoLia Bame hhcbmo, 7 Mena nosejieHijio bi rorasaxB, 
H a He HoicHHJia, hto v&jraio... fl jQTMajia, ^rat) a^ Mosen Cutb, 
ocBoCoacy aacB... 

— Fjiynaa! — CRasajiB ohb h sacirifljrcfl, ho bb rpyw ero 
noflHflJiocB TTO-TO TaROO, HTO OMy CTOHJio CTpamHUTb youlft 
CHOfia HOAaBHTb vb ce6i. 

— npHHeCH MSb BHHa, — KpHKHyJTb OHB, Ca^flCB 8a CTOJTB. 

— Kasoro, rocnowraB? 

— .CaMaro sjubbto. CeroAHa 6ojiiBinoft npasAHHKib. 
Ona yAHBJieHHO nociiOTpijia na Hero h Bimua hbb aoxHaTii. 

— npHHecH H ce6i ciaRaHB, — CRasairB ohb bb to speiiA, 
USB OHa OTspuBaJia noRpBiryio cipoft nayrHHoft CynuiRy. 

— Axb! HoosajiyftcTa, rocnoAHHB, a ne BUHomy BBHa! 

— CROpO-JTH TH? 

— CeftnacB, rocHOffHHB. 
Ohb HajiHjrB. TeMHOSOJiOTHCTaH CTpya CBepaajia, creBaa bb 

isyiipyAHyK) pioMsy. IIo Rpaftneft M^pi, xotb aro 6Hjro cnacoHo 
OTB yHH^oaceHla. 

— %RHeMca. 
GraRaHu SBARHyjiH cb thzhmb sbohoitb. 

— HiasB, a coesHHeHB cb neio DpoRJuarleMB, — AynajiB ohb, 
BnepHBB CBoft BsopB BB ofl rjiasa. — RaRB aro crpaHHo, Hyj^o- 
BHnpo! dra sennitHHa AOJn[jRHa CAiaiaiBca nacTBio ero co6cTBeH- 
Hoft SH8HH, CRasajDLB ciapHRB. Sia senmHHa... noqeny hmohho 
aia? npoRJUTie — to2^ caoero poAa ocBan^enie, — npoAOJisaJHB ohb 
xyMaTB.— To, Hero hItb h HHRorAane 6yAeTB, — ormuri saap'ibn- 
iuieHo H ysaROHeno nepeffB He6oirB h seMjreft. 

TaRB RpyjKHJDiCB ero mhcjih bb saMRHyioMB Rpyry, bb ro- 

TopoMB cjiOBa nponoB^AHHRa npo6Hjra CpeniB. Ho ohb ceft^acB- 

ze ycratfljica hxb. — Tu rocnoAHHB, — CRasaaiB ohb ce6i, — a oaa 

yoRaHRa, 6ojr6e xoro, ona tboh pa6a, h xaRB aio aojixho 

nsBca. 

Oaho tojibro 6wio hcho: cniAOBaoio HeMeAJneHHo npHHHifaTBca 

A^o M6CTH. Ohb Bejr&HB Pernnt y6paTB ocraTRH yacana h 

^HHeCTH BTOpyK) 6yTUJIRy BHHa. SaiilTB OHB BtlHyJIB hsb 

cBMeHHaro cioaa nepo h 6yMary h yaasajTB eft na ^icTO, ta^ 

aCHAiJia BB COHOJIBHHRB. 



144 PyCGKOB BOrATGTBO. 

Ona cijia cb saciiiraHBoft paAOCXBio, noioiiy hto ch rkxb 
nop'b OHa opoBOSHJia nenepa B!b ciEAXb y njoini. 

— Th AOJUKHa wA MHoroe pascKasaxB, FeniHa, — na^aji'b 
OBTB.— OrB^^taft RpaTRO H onpefiiJiieHHO na Bci moh Bonpocn. 

Ona, BHAHMO, HcnyrajiacB. 

— Aa, rocnoAHHi...— npomenrajia osa. 

— Buneft, 9T0 pasBfljRerb Te6% flsinci. 

OHa noBHHOBajiacB, ho na dxorb pasi bhho, BasajiocB, bjouio 
Bi Hee CTpaxi h oiBpan^enie. 

— A^o BxeTB nocjrlACTBiJ5[X'B Toft HOHH, BOFAa Til npo- 
Bojua ^paHiiysoB^B no Romaueft Aoport. SnajTB-jm RT0-HH6yAB b'b 

SaiTKi 061) dTOlTB noxoA^? 

— RiTby rocHOAHHi. 

— ^epesi Koro-xe Bce ciajio hsbIctho? 

— Kasercfl, wpesi MOHa,— nponrennuia ona, OHyciHBi rjia- 
8a Bi setfjoo. 

— KoHy TBI pasSojiTajiia? 

— GBoeKy OTny. 

— 'Bm^'JSB 9T0 CJiyHHJIOCB? 

— Oh'b HHorxa hpbxoahji'b bi saHORi, hto6ii BunpocHTB y 
uesa xenerB, a Korxa y Hena HHHero ne CEbuio, HpcDai'B MeHJi b 
Chjitb. 

— Onero-se tu He SBajna Roro-HH6yAB na nononi^B? 

— Oh'b ABJurjicH ho^k), fochoahhi, k ecjon 6vl ero sacTaJTH^ 
TO BUHopojra 6vi, 

— Xopomo, ASuiBme! 

— n BorB, CRopo nocjDii Toro, h xony CRasatB nocat 
Toro noxoAa... npHmejn h ciajTB Tp66oBaTB otb Menfl, too6h h 
Ao6uJia EaRi-HHCyAB otb 6apHHa AonerB bjih laftno o6ucRajia 
6ii ero RapMaHu; h Bce vb laROiTB poA^. ?to6u OTBAsaiBCfl otb 
Hero pasi naBcerAa, h npHHecJia eny RomeoieRi, ROTopiift imi 
HOAapHJi'B j^pannyscRifl Ha^ajiBHHR'By h, RorAa otoi^b yBHA^iTB 6jie- 
cnyBmee npn jiyHHOMi cB^rt bojioto, ohi» cpasy tohho pexnyjiGH* 

Ona saHOJraajiia. 



— Bce pascRasHBaiB, tochoahhi? 

— PasyirteTcal 

— B^AB dTo BceraRH Moft orei^, fochoahhi! 

— H Te6i npHRaauBaH)! • 
Ona rjiy6oRO BSAOxnyjua h npoAOJisajora: 

— OhB CXBaTHJTB MeHH 8a nOflCB H CTaJTB RpanaTB MH$ B'B 

yxo: — H Te6ji 8aAyniy, ecJiH tbi ceft?aci-se ne cosnaeniBCJi, ot- 
KyAa y leCa ctojibro AenerB... H rofae a nonyBCTBOBajia, hto 

8aAU2&K)CB... 

Ohi ropBRO pascirtfljicfl. Ero oiex^i h en orewb o6a a^-* 

CTBOBaJIH OAHHIfH H T^MH-Se AOCTOftHUHH peAC TBaUH. 



KomA^&ii xoPorA. 145' 

PeniHa noj^yicajia, hto cuAtl OTHOcirrcfl n Heft. 

^ Axi! rocnosHFB,— npoAOJOsajia OHa ci yuoMxymjsxb b80- 
pom,— Bi;^, J9 6Hjra lorsa en^e ctpaniHo rjrjrna. JIflb neffiuiH cnyc- 
CTfl, npH xonpoci, ohh-Ch Morora ums. saicyHHTB h BceiaKH 
BHHero-6u Be ysHaiH... Ho Torsa... obi BceTaBH xsi oieicB... 
Torxa... 

— Th Torsa Bce h Bu6ojiTajia. Hy, a noioicb? 

— MeBB Bi^ Ty se boib ciajia Hy^BTB cob^ctb, k Borsa a 
yipoirb opBHecjia 6apHBy KO$e, noiOMy hto oh% Tpe6oBaA'B, 
^tTo6ii B Bcerxa diiia npn neitb, b eiiy bo Bcewb b npHSHajracB. 

— ^To-ae OBX? 

— Obi no6jiiixH&ri»y RaRX crtHa, ae CRasajn bb cnoBay cop- 
BajTE CO crbaa pyac&e k npsqljiBJiicfl bi mobb. fl cjiosHJia pyBH 
B saBpujia rjiasa; B^pyrB cjnnny y Bero bhpbbjiocb npoKJiBne... 
OBI BCRBHyai pysBO Ba bjhoho h Bu^ixsurh. H ceftnaci-se no- 
XyMajra: renepB ohi sacipijiHrb OTUa!.. EasB TOJn»RO b yBBffljia, 

HTO OBI CibXMTh Kl nOA1»eMBOMy MOCXy ex CBOBHB AByMB roH- 

HBMB co6aBa]ni, b cRop'Ift nofi^ajna wpes^B napsB h no Koma- 
^eft Aopori cnycTBjracB Kb cejiy, hto6u npexynpeABiB oTi^a, 
TO) xijuo Bffen o ero sbsbb. Ecjifl6H owb 6ujib aomb, b bo 
ycnijia-6ii ero cnacxB, bo obi cha^b y MepROJiB fb ^epaoiTB 
Opjrt. TaHB npoBOBB ohi bch) ho^ b, rbr^b sBipB, jieacaJU'B na 
BOJTjT. BapHBBHe BoftAerB sa hbm% bb rpaRTBpB, — noAyMajia k\ 
tf^ H Bce paBHO 6ujiio nosAHd, noroicy hto rocBOABHy MepROJiK) 
B ApynoTB crajio Bce yse bbbIctho. Ybbab mohb, obh saopaiHy 

CZBaTBJtH MOHB H XOT^JIB SaCTaBHTB rOBOpBTB, HO B yRyCBJUa 

ce6i BsmcB ao rpobb b BceraRB Mojraajia. Tor^a obh mohb ot- 
BycTBJTB, a B BoCiacajna saBCTpiny CapBBy, 6pocHJiiacB eMy bi 
BorH B CKasajia: npocTBie] ero, Bce paBHO yse sd sHaHXTb! On^ 
xeKB TOJiRHyjrB noroft, tbbb hto b ynajia bb o6moporb, ho 
OTiQr HHHero ne ca^bjtb. ^epesi ab^ BeA^ons sa MHoft npBtnejTB 
xaHAapBX H noBeJTB kb ^epBony Opjiy. Bb nHBHoft CHA&ra 

BBTB BJH meCTB BBBCHBIXl HySHXli TOCBOAB H lieSAy BHMH CO- 

roAHflmHift rocnoABBB 8ac']^AaTejiB. ^BepB sa HBoft .sanepjin Ba 
RjDOHi H CTajiH AonpamBBBTB. Mni CTpanmo xoi&iocb njiaRBTB, 
BO B nepecBJDHjra ce6B h CRasajia, <ito oieoB HMierB npHBtnRy 
CTpaniHO BBTB B vo eMy B'ipHO ^o-HB6yAB npHCHBJiocB xyAoe. 
Ho TjTB OBH HORasaJiB MB^ RomejieRB, OTBBTuft y Hero. H 
TorAa, rocnoABHi, b npHBHuacB, ^o... dio 6buio... BOSHarpaac- 
A^Hie 8a... Ona 8aH0JD[HaAi\ b saRpujia pyxaMH :anv>, horphib- 
meecB rycTOft BpacRoft CTiiAa. « 

— ^aBBmel— saRpBHBJiB obb, CTBcnyai syCu. 

— OhB HBi BenOBipBJIfly rOCnOAflBB, bo, B'IpOBTHO, HOHBJIHy 

^nro He aoCbiotcb npaBAu, noioMy hto nepecrajiB iceHB Aonpa- 

BIBBBTB. SaTim OBB CTBJIH ^eHB TO menTBTBCB, HO y MOHH 
OTJtHHHHft CJiyXB, H B BCe HOHBJia. OhH COBiTOBBJIBCB TOICB^ 
H 9. OTxi» 1. 10 



' 146 PyCCROE BOFATCTBO. 

Ramb nocTyiQiTB: saRJiioTOTB-aiH umn hi Tfopuny, htoCu sacra- 
BHTB roBopnTL^ HJiH apecTosaiB 6apHHa; h Bce bi TaKOMi poA%; 
a noToiTB npHnuiH Apyrie, KOTopue yB^paju, no jflsi Bcero 
OKpyra 6jn&rb nosop'b, ecuH CTanyn TpesBOHHTB o6'b aTon, h 
BCJi BocTOHHafl IlpycciJi fiyxen armrb o6e3^6n](eHa. Ei loicy-se 

He 6UJI0 HBEaRHX'b AOKaSaTeJIBCTBl, H MOIKHO 6jUL0 OCTaBHTB 

ff&Dio BTyni: ohh en^e RaicL-TO 9io HasuBajoii ho h 8a6HJUi 

CJIOBO. 

— n nocjii 8Toro ohh Te6ji OTnycnuiH? 

— A&) rocHOAHHB: MepKOJiB mh^ Bejuin ytfHpai&CH, noroicy 

HTO, CKasaJTB OHIb, fl OCKBOpHAK) OFO JlflWh. 

HaciynHJio MOjramie. EoJiecJuaBi nocnimHO nporjuoTHJTB XBa- 
ipH cxaRaHa KpiHsaro BHna h csasajrb: 
« — TenepB... o nosapi! 
Ona BcsoHHJia co cryjia h cb ysacoiCB yciaBHJiacB Ha 
H«ro. 

— SL AOJUKHa... nomapi? 

— Kasi MosHo flCHie h noxpoCn^, Bce, iro ru noMHHniB. 

— H H AOJUKHa... Bce... rocnoAHHi? 

— Bce. 

— FocnoffHHi, H He Mory! — GjioBa vm BiipBajuicB y nea^ 
icaKib onaaHHuft kphkl o homohi^h bi MHHyry CMepiejiBHoft 

WaCHOCTH. 

— ?T0 8T0 BHaqHTB?— Ohi laKse BCKOHHjrb H cicipnjrB ee 
DHipoKO pacKpuTmiH rjiasaiai. 

Ona cjioxHJia pysH Ha rpy^H. 

— fl BcerAa Baci cjiyniaaacB, rocnoxHHB... h HHSor^a ho 
HpoTHBHjracB H corjiamajiacB pascKasBreaTB o caMOip THsejioirb. 
Sl Bce CKbJLdJOf "iro bu hh6 npHBasexe, h ecjoi bh hh^ cKa- 
jsere: hah Aaft ce6H hoChtb BaMeHBfliiH, h ^TOCKhstm lonacB- 
2Be... Ho TOJiBRO He dTo, yMOJuno saci, ne Tpe6yftTe on Kena 
dioro, npomy Baci Bceft Aynioft... 

OffB CMoxp&rb Ha nee bi rniBHOicb HsyiuieHiH. Owb lax^ 
npHBURi Ki ea 6e8npeR0CJi0BH0My nosHHOBemio, hto exy xpyAHO 
Cujio AonycTHTB b% neft BHeaanHO BcnHXHyBmyio CHJiy conpo- 
tHBJieHla... Ero MoryH^ecTBO, cjAAOBaieJUBHO, Hicijio npoA^^Joi... 
OHO He 61U10 CesrpaHH'iHO, KaKi ohi» dio BOo6pasajnb... PasBi 
dra sennprna ne CA^JUuiacB ao^pobojlbho ero RpinocTHoft? PasBi 
ona He npoAaoia A7^ ^ ^0 eny h ero AOMy? H BApyrB ona 
BSAynajia hpohbhtb cbok) coficTBeHHyio bojuoI 

EpoBB 6pocHJiacB eny b:b roJiOBy. Fjiasa ero BcnuxHyjiH* 

— noBHHyftcjf MHi... ciio MHHyryl 

Ona npHsajEacB ri criBib. fii t^hh oh rjiasa CBepRan^ 
RaRi y ABROfl RomRH. — HirBl— ynpAMO npoi^Aua ona crbobb 
8y6tt. 

HacJi^CTBOHHafl, fiapcRaa rpy6ocTB npocnyjiacB n neirb. 






momijnji aopofa. lAiT 

Shho Tasjie cxljiajio CBoe nijio. Ohi noAomejTE Kb Heft k cxbi- 
THJi'b ee sa Bopon KO$m. 

IIyroBHi](u pacierHyjiHcs noA^ ero pysoft. BoiHyioiii[aflai, 
<ijiafl rpyAB o6Ha9UiiiacB. Ero Bsopi saTyHaHHJicfl. 

— 3aAyniHTB uwb ee hih pasQtioBaTb? — cnpocsjrb ohi ceSa^ 
xBaraa ee sa ropjEO. 

B'h cuepiejibHoirB ysaci cxBaTiuia ona ero sa pyny. -IIo- 
TOM% 0H&, RaRi sejT&sBuifH KJne^aMH, Bi^iniJiacB Bi» ero nie^H..^ 
BojiecjiaEy HyxHO 6ujio coCpaiB Bci cboh chjw, htoCu npora- 
ByeiojiTL A&Bj[[eHi]o sthxi MycRyjiOBi. 

Ha'iajiacB 6e8iioiBHafl 6opB6a. Oea x^nuacB o^Hy, ab% mb- 
HyjH E H6 Morjia kohhetbca... To CTpanmaa, to onaflEHaa, ona 
^asajiocB nuia na jkhshb h cicepTBy ho Bce se He Qujia cepBeaHa. 
Hh oabh'e H8B 6opK)n9[xcfl He snajp yxe CojuBme, aa hto ofb 
^peTca. Ero Hajrame RpoBBio rjiasa HCRasH ea Bsrjiaxa. Eh 
BJiajKHaji tpysB npHsajiacB kb ero rpysH. ^Hxanie hxb CHima- 
jiocb* KpinRo o6HHBniHCB, maTaJiHCB ohh hsb ciopoHH bb CTopoHy^ 
noEa 0Hi» He c6hjib ee cb hofb... Ho ona ho norepflJEacB h mi- 
TajracB yBJie^ ero bb cbooicb naAeniH. 

Ha icHHyry npeRj^THBB 6opB($y, ohh He^TareJiBHO Bsrjourajjn 
ApyrB ;cpyry b'b rjiasa. BApyrB ona aaAposajia cb hofb fp ro- 
JOBU H upHCJioHHJiacB QeRoft RB pyR^, CB ROTopoft 6opojacB. 

OhB &T0 BHAi^; OBB BHA^^, R&RB Ofl Uasa, 6OH8JIHBO CBep- 

^aa, ^HOTpijiH BB ero rjiasa, h RaRB ea |npeRpacHoe, fjvaoe inaio 
ropijio H BCHuxHBaiio noAB ero BsopoxB. 

— Bu B^Ab 06a npoRJuanilr-npoHecJiocB y Hero bb roaoBi. 
Ohb CO bsaoxomb HaRaoraica rb neft h... noifiaoBaaB ee 

flB ryCii. 

Oaa rpoMRO sacTOHajia, npHsaaacB rb neicy h BmiaacB sy- 
fiauE BB ero ry6u... 3artMB ona bb BSHeifoseHiH oxmaTHyaacB 
M yiiajia, THseao yAWHBniHCB saTHaROMB noaB. 

Ohb cuoipia^ftfa nee bb noanoiTB 0CT0a6eHiHiH. Ona ae- 
jcaaa, ebeb nepiBaa, loaBRo BoaHOBaBmaaca rpyAB Tazeao fja- 
maaa. Cb rj&h ero co^HaacB RpoBB. Ohb 6e8C08HaTeaBH0 cieps 
m aauKouB. 

— ^To ace AaaBme? 

mwb OHB AoaBme cxoTpiaB na aexaBmee nepeAB hbkb 
Tiao, riuB CHaBHie paspociaaca bb HevB cipaxB, AOxoAHBoitt 
AO GesjMla, CTpaxB nepeAB TiiCB, hto AoasHO Guao cay^HiBca. 

— BOHB H8B 8T0r0 AOMa... BOHB, BOHB AO TOFO, RaRB OHa 

upEAOTB^ BB ce6al — roBopnaB eiiy BnyTpenHift roaocB. Ohi^ cop- 
BaaB CO cT^Hu myCy, HaxaoOyHHaB na ao6B M^xoByio manRy k 
BuCiacajiB bb 8Hichk>k> hohb, RaRB 6yAT0 611 sa hhmb 6%meH0 rnaaHCb 
HO nafaMB. 

Ho OHB HO H86aBHaca otb nea; ohb BcioAy hocb ee cb co- 
4!ofi, Ky^a 6u m meaB, ta^ 6u he CToaiB. Morynaa, neyA^XH- 

10* 



148 P7CCR0E BOFATCTBO. 

Mafl BOJiHa vojiOAofl CTpacra ooROiajia wb ero rpyAH, rop&ra 
Bi EpoBH H orHeHi DpoC'Irajia no HepBaM'b. 

Ohi pucRani no Jiicy. Mopos^ ero ho ocBisHjrb, xpaRi He 
ycnoROHJS'B. 

Heysejoi He 6fiuio HBxaKoro cnaceHla? 

Owh BcnoMHHJii vpwb CBAH^eHHHKa, HO ceft^aci-se ropBRO 
pascu^orcA. Biff^ Ejieea cb cojiporaHieirb ormaTHyjiacB orB 
Hero en^e b'b to BpeicH, Rorxa ohi» cb HHcraifB cepMevB k ch 
HHCTUMH HySCTBaME HpUZOAHJO^ R% Heft. ?TO-se OHa CA^ajia- 
6u xenepB, ecJ0DB'6u oh% ocMtjiHJicfl npH6jni8ETBCJi ri neft TBRHirb^ 

EaRBMl OH^ 6HJirB, npORJUTUlTB H BHHOBHHlTb? 

Tiwb He Menie^ b^a^ ototb rjiotokb seiuiH 6uj[i aju Hero 
Bi xeneHie i^'ljiaro AecATHJiiTlji 0JiHi(eTB0peHieMi Bcero Jiyqmaro^ 
flCHaro H MBpnaro. PasB'i owh ne Morb HCRazB cnacenui sa'S^b^ 
Bl dTOMl M^CTi, XOTJ9-62I OTOOAa H Bumjuo npoRJEHTle, ORymB- 
n6e ero vpaRom? 

noTTH 6e8C08HaTeaBH0 HanpaBHicfl 0H!b ri AepeBHi. 

^acu Ha 6dLvmi npo6Hjni[ tocb hohh. Ohi CRHiajicfl yse 

HflTB ^COBl HOAPHA'B, a BpOHJi HORasaJIOCB eiiy H^CROJIBRHMH MK- 

Hyraioi. 

Cejio cnajoro, tojibro h8i» ^epnaro Opjia naAajrb TeHHORpac- 
HHft oitfjiecRi cvbm, oTpasaBmiftcfl na O&iom'b CHiry Aopors. 
BjiiAHHft CBirb jiyHH oipaauurcfl bi SesROHO^Hoft jrenrt rjiiw- 
Raro cannaro nyiH. JleAflHiui cocyjoiBRn na i^epROBHoft Rpumii 
BHcijtH, RaRi cepe6paHHji yRpameniA hbai TeMHUifH crtHaun 
SAftHlfl. Ohi npomejTB mhmo iiepRBH ri caAy cBA^enHHRa. QepAite 
ero CTpanrao 6hjiocb... Bi es. orh*!. bhaohi 6hjqii eiqe CB%rb. 
Okl nepejiiBi Hepesii sejiisHyio pimeiRy h nomen no rjiySo- 
ROMy CH^ry Kb Oec^AKi, HaxoAHBmeficA b% ABaAiW^Tn niaraxi>orB 
AOMa. B% T^HH efl oni sanajTB Ha6jiK)AaTejiBHHft nocn... 

SanaBicb hohth cosepmeHHO CKpuBa^i ocB'bnteHHoe orho. Ha 

6&[0ft TRaHH BHpHCOBHBanCB JIHCIBfl H CTe6jIH paCTeHift| CTOJIB- 

nmrs na orh^ bi hbah^hxi ropmRan. B% hzi iiapcTBi xHJia 
OHa THXO H KijioMyApeHHo, RBRi MaAOHHa Bb posoBOMi caAy. 

H CHOBa exy npeACTaBHJica o6pa8'B bsi zpaHa, BcerAa bob- 
HHRaBmift nepoA'B ero rjiasamr, RorAa OH!b xot&tb BcnoMHHTB 
HepTu cBoeft B08jno6jieHHoft. TojnbRO-6u BarjiflHyTB na ea xeho^ 
hto6h CHOBa npocnyjiocB ri shshh to, too y6HT0 BpeMeneii'b h 
npocTynRoicB. 

^iBBHBfl tIhb HanTHOBeHle sacjioHHJia CBirb... Kpaft sana- 
BicRHnpHnoAHHJiicfl.noHTH6e8co8HaTejiBHo npoTanyjii 0H% RB Heft 
pyRH. SanaBici 6jucTpo onycTBJicfl h, HBnyTy cnycT^, ofohb bc* 
He8%. S^uxaacB otb BOJUHeniH, oh'b xffimy ne noAacrL-jni ona 
exjun MpaRa RaR0ft-HB6yAB snaRi; noHBqero fiojameneABBrajiocB. 

— To, Hero th TpeCyeniB, CesyMHO,— CRa8aji^ ohi ce64. — 
Ona BipHO B ne yBHajia Te6B; ona BneeanHO saiiiTBJia MyscRyio 



F 



KOIUA^fl AOPOFA. 149 

f Krypy h b% crpaxi OTmaiHyjuacB. Yxokh csopift, a to OHa 
EOARMU^Tb Ha Honi BecB AOMi Bi noroHH) 8a KHHmnfB Bopon. 

Ohi OTnpaBHJicfl nasi^. HepBU ero saiiiTHO ycaoBoiuncB. 
Tme DAHO coaaaHle ea qacroft SjiasocTH noA:bftcTBOBaj[o na Hero 
TaKB&Tb jMHpoTBopflion^nrb ofipasom. 

— KyAft-xe TenepB? Bee paBHO syxa, xoJiBBOHeAOicoft. IIpx 
ej^Hofi Mtiicm pacnpociepToft Tan aceHn^HHi^, vh ero SHiars 
Hameajta CHOBa 6yineBaTB BpoBB. 

Ofia ChinsL ero AOMOHon, h ohii neHaBHffijrB ee. 

Can He snan, Ryja owb HAerB, obtb nomeorB no TponiiHRi, 
OFESaBindft ocTpoBi h KOHHaemeftcfl bi* nojii. Ero KaHHJia BxajiB 
lenRBJL CHHOBa jricoBi, ORaftxjiflBinHxi 6&iiyio paBHHHy. Ero 
CHOBa noTjiHyjio Ty^a, rxi wb sHMHeifB oi^aeHiHlH i^apHJiH no- 

£0i K COH!B 6e8l CHOBHJDf&Hift. 

Oei> nomeJTB npaico nepesi nojie, na KOXopoirB CH^rB o6pa- 
30Baiii> npaBHJiBHHe xojxioi h aojihhbi; xasajiocB, nope THxaro 
cBtxa H6CJI0 eMy HaBcxpi^y cboh bojihbi. ToHRaa JieAqHaflRopa 
cEpHnijsa h JioiiaxtacB nox^BHoraHH, h ohib ao roji'Ihi npoBaiTHJica 
Bi> cHirB. Ci TpyAOiTB OHi B£i6paJicfl H HomeJOTB AaJiBme, Kan- 
«u jKejiaH CioRaTB otb caicoro ce6Ji. 

3ia 6e8i](iji[BHafl h saxBaTiiBaion^afl fjTb pa6oTa npHHecjia 
€ify BiROTopoe ycnoROOHie. 

3aAuxaflCB h oGnBaaCB hotoicb, hoctoahho cnoTmcaflCB h 
nposajiHBaflCB, obtb npoAOJUsajTB noABHraTBca snepeA'B. Koe- 
TA^ jieAB 6iurB HacTOJiBRO npoHOffB, hto kofb ero CAepsaTB. 
ToFAa e^ RasaJiocB, hto y nero sa cnaHOio RpiiJiBfl, h hto owb 
JtefETB HaA^ seiureft; ho HOBoe naAenle HanoMEHaJio eny, RaRi 

IHHeJEO H HH8R0 HOJISaJTB OHB HO ZeUjtb. 

Bee Biune h TeHH'ie noAuvajiacB nepoA^ hhitb CTina JiicHoft 
^aiaH, En^e cothji maroBi, h ohi y i^^jih. BApyrB ohi> ony- 
THJicH nepeA> "rtiTB-TO BpoA^ zojnia, TEHjrBmaroca maroB'B na 
HAXBAecaTB HO HanpaBJieHiH) Kb lAcy. Ho ajia xojoca oho 6ujio 
cjDiaiKoirB npaBHJiBHO h Hicijio cJiHmRon pisRia o^eptanlH. 
Pj^AOMi CTOflJio ewfi TaRoe se BOSBumeHle, naiABO en^e oaho. 
O^b ooAyMajTB, hto bto Ry?H necRy, CBanenHaro 8aIcb ocohbio 
CB rbu^, hto6h Hocni, RorAa coftAOTiB cnlrB, nepeBeciH ero b'b 
Apyroe ir&CTO. OT?ero-6ii h ne CRJiaAUBaTB necoRi na ero 
aeiui%? BiA^ ^^roro hhrto ho sanpemtajTB. 

Ha 9T0-se oCosnanaiorB RpecTS, ROTopue owb tojubro-tto sa- 

MilHJI'B, TaRl RaRB OHH CTOHJIH B'B TiHH AOpeBBOBX. FpOSHO H 
CTpamSO HOAHHKaiHCB OHH B'B BtlCB BO HpaR^ H07H. Hxi 6wiO 
TpE, HO OASOMy Ha RaXAOlTB xojwb. 

CKOJio^eHHue hsi rpyOuxi cochobuxi aocorb, ohh, RaaajiocB, 
rjiySoKo ynuiH bi seiuno: Rasi ohb hh CTapaJiCH, ohb ne MorB 
Mxi> cABHHyTB CB icicTa. HaAHHceft He 6ujio bhaho, a^ ecjiH-du 
OHi h 6UJIH, TO OHB HO Mori-6jbi Hxi pa8o6paTB. 



150 P7GGK0E BOFATCTBO. 

SaraAO^Hue, KaRi naMflTBHKH saCuiaro npeciynjieHia, ctoajd 
9TH cTpamBun^a, h BBnjDHBmifi hsi oCjiekobi uicAUTi cepeCpsjii^ 
Bxi rpy6Hfl, cipufl onepiaHiJi. 

Bgpyrb ch rjiasi ero ynajia saB^ca. Qhi rpoiCRO BCRpHSHyn 
« BaBpujn Ji]!i](o pysaMH. To 6was, MonuiH naBinix'bB'BHeCTacT- 
Hyio Hon ceffBMoro roAa. Sa^cb jiesajHH sepiBH ero oma. EaRaa ne- 
CHacTHaji cjny^aftHOCTB npHBOJna ero ciOAa? H He 6kijio jni 9to 
H^HTO 6oj[Binee,HiM'bnpocTaflCjiiyHaflHocTB?B']^A& ero csoAa Hio-ia 
BJieRJio H Tflnyjio thcahbh) HeBHABicuxi pjKi. Ohi, cam He SHaa 
noHeMy, B£i6pajiii dry 6e8yHBjH) Aopory, no Koropoft ohi mejrB^ 
(SopflCB AO HSHeMosenlfl co ca'IroMi h JiBAOirb. 

Moxen 6utb, cyAB6a najiipeHHO npnCeperajia drorb caimft 
6oJiiBoft H8i Bcixi YAapoBi Au ^aca nojsHifimaro CMHpeHiff) 
HT0611 OHi HOHflJTb pasi HaBcerAa, hto aj^a Hero He 6hjio cna- 
ceniji, HTO ohi AOJixeni 6hjiii Honi6HyTB bi cthaI h oTHajmmf 

— Ho xopomo, ^TO a 8a*cb,— cKasajii om ce6*, — a Mory» 
00 RpaiHeft uipby j6ijpsrbCM b% toicb, hto CTapERB npoRjuui'b 
MeH2 He A&poMi. Fp'ln, KOTopsfl eniie ne conepniEJicfl— coBep- 

Ero Bsop'B CROJnsHyjii no npaBHJiBBmii rpe6HHirL xojihob^, 
yxoABBmBxi Bi 6e8R0HeHHyK) AaJiB. Crojibro JiioAeft jnexajio 

SA'iCB. ECJIB IXl SapUJIH BCixi pBAOlTB, TO Bi RasAoA MorHjri 

61U10, no RpafiHeft Mip%, no coth^, a Koxeix 6vm> b no s^. 
n Bce 8T0 CujiH HecTBue coJUAara, ci paAOCTBio ornpaBBBinieca 
sanpin^aTB Ropoju b oie^ecTBo pflSL Toro, htoCh, nepes'b Bipo- 
jroHHoe npeAaTejTBCTBO, naflTB nosopHyK) ciiepTB. 

Ohi o6hjuki RpecTB B npHsaJiCfl Kb rpy6oMy meciy, mepo- 
xoBaTOCTB ROToparo oii[apanajiB wb RpoBB ero jihi^o. 

— 06bbhb ero nepoAi BciKi CBiTOHi,— RpB^aJU'B enyBHy- 
TpeHHlft rojioci,— ero b ee... h xorAa norB6HB BHicrt Cb hoio. 

Ero BBopi ofipaiBJucfl BAajiB, sn^a Ha ropHSOBxi onepTanifl 
pasBBJiBHi. Hxi He 6ujro bbaho. Oabstb napRi jiboib 6jiiAH0 
BHpBCOBaJicfl bo MpaRi. CsaAB, HeMHoro 6ojiie BnpaBo, Aojucna 
tfiua JnesaiB Koma^BH Aopora. IIo nefl ona cnyciBJiacB, a sa 
Hex) B TenHUJi, RpoBosaAHHH maflRB. EaRib yxacHO aojishh 
6hj[b pasABBaTBCJi vb en ymaxi rjiyxie, paBHOHipHue marnt 
SartiTB, A&si>ine, Aft^^nie lyAa, bi oCxoai, nepesi caMyio ^an^y 
jAca. Ona eiiy HBRorAa ne pascRasuBajoa noApofiHocieft^ t^ms 
He Menie owb othotjibbo bha^i, RaRi Bce coBepniBJiocB, xaRi 

HCHO B Cb TaRBMB nOApo6HOCTflMB, RaRl 6yAt0-6iI OWb CHWb 

(buh TOTAa baIcb. 

Owb npoTJiHyjii pyRy b Apoxan^BBH najiBitaMB HaHepiBJis 
Ha ropBSOHTi Aopory, no ROTopoft ona mjia. 

Bai'liTB, ROFAa ee oinycTHJiB ci npecTynmiirB BOSHarpax- 
AenieHi bi> RapBani, ona OABa orapaBBJuacB AOMoft, b AOJisna 
6km fiizaTB, Apoxa oi'b opyxeflnuxi bhctp&hobi, 6apa6aHHara 



KOmA^Ba XOFOFA. 151 

6ofl, BapuBOBi nopoxa, ctohobi jMBpaioiitHxi, BaCTarHyniX'b 
Bpaciuorb coJDjviTi! SaysH an xojukhu 6ujih npecirlAOBaTB ee, 
Kamb Tojma CimenHxi ^yplA. Ovh ne noHnMan, Rasii cb aiHini 
BByKaMH HI ymaxB, ci 9thmh RapiHHaMH nepexi rjnasaioi ona 
xorjua en^e npoAOJixaTB xxihl Ona Aojuma Gujia ci sswaocTEio 
HCRaxB ocBo6osAeflifl wb cuepiH... Ho y Hea ne 6uiio BHj(6Hlft» 
coB^TL ee He lepsaiia, ona, RasajiocB, e^Ba cosHaBajia cboh) behj. 

Tan ^BCTByerb shbothoo ejih ajioft fjTbl Ohb co;Q)orHyjD[Cfl. 
Oh Heio, CB HejK) oHi AOJiseHi 6ujrB naciB?! 

Bi nopmi onaflHiJi ohb 6pocBjrcfl bb cb^fb na KpzA mo- 
rHJoi, cjnoacHJTB pyu ea rpyffi h nposenerajiB ciofia BaBOft-io 
cnyraHHoft mojibtbii, bb to Bpexa, KasB cjiesu nojmjracB rpaAOMB 
I8B ero raasB. 

IIpoHHBBiBaioii^ xojioffB sacTaBUB ero npRxn bb ce&i. 
OsB orJiflHyjiB Monum, niraero ne coo6pasafl. Eiiy sasaJiocB, 
HTo ero noftMajn vh xeiiisHyK) c^Tsy, neijor Koropoft Bce rbceAe 
b rtcH^e saTflTHBaiOTca BOBpyrB Hero. 

— BceBumHift,— MOJUHJicH offB, — He Kapaft neHfl sa ontOB- 
CKie rpixH. JIflA noKOft MepTBBncB, h hxb He y6HBajiB. CoxBopH 
Hyxo, noxaft mb sHaKB, hto th xo^eniB xeHfl cnacTH otb cicep- 
TeiBHaro rptea h otb onaaHlfl. 

Ero BBopB 6poAHjrB BOspyrB, RaRB 6u an^a noMonpi. OcBft- 
H^eHHoe JvyHOK) He6o xojioaho h 6e8yHacTHO pasciHJiajiocB hba'b 
BBXB. HHRBKoro sHaHeHk He JiBJifljiocB, HHRaRoro Hyxa He co- 
BepmHJUocB. Ohb sacn^Jicfl. 

— TvLj RaseTCAy 6j[H80rb rb cyMacmecTBlio,— npo6opMOTajiB 
OHi npo ceCfl. 

BxpyrB offb noHyBCTBOBajii CTpamHyio ycrajiocTB. Ohb sa- 
manjscfl, hofh OTRasuBajnicB cJiysHTB. Ohb onycTHJorcji bb yrjiiy6- 
jemOy BHpuToe TflsecTBio ero rtJia, noAHaoiB bopothhrb h, B3xpa- 
mafl OTB xojrona, norpysHJucfl bb xpenoTy, ROTopaa ne 6iuia 
CHOiTB, ho He fiujEa H 6oxpcTBOBaHie]iB. 

Eorxa OHB noxHHjrcH cb ORO^eH^Bmsiat ^ureHaMH,^ aobojib- 
Huft, HTO He eacnyji'B h ne saiiepsB, na boctok^ saropajiacB 
yxe ysRafl nojioca cBiTa« J^poxB, oxBaniBaBmafl ero xojtoxoicb h 
oraeMB BB offBO H TO se BpoMJi, npo6&Rajia no hoicb, RaRB 6ki- 
BaexB npH Ha^HHaK)n](eftcA jomxopiuiiri^. 

HaXO HffTH XOMOft* Ho r^l bb Mlpi BBATB CHJOI yHHHTOaRHTB 
TO, HTO CiynHJOTOCB BB 8Ty HO^? OhB npOBQJTB HO ry6ai£B HSU- 

ROXB. Pana, HaHecennaji ea noiiijiyeiiB, Bce en^e ropl^jia. 

H Ha He6i ho noflBHJiocB HHRaRoro BHaHeniH. ^yxo ne co- 
BepmuocB. Bo boiromb cjiynai, bo HBfiijRanie xyxmaro, eiiy 
ocTaBBJiacB ente cuepTB. 

CxepTBl RaRB oryHB CBiia bo HpaRi, flBHJiacB ara mhcjiib, ho 
MOBrB ero 6hjeb cjibhiromb yxoxjieBB, xynia cjubhiromb y^Hra, 
hto6h ohb moib Ha HetocxaHOBBTBCH. Ona Bcnesjia, RaRinaBEJiacB. 



152 P7CCK0B BOrATCTBO. 

Ohi BopHyjiCH B:b sepeBHio no coGcTBeHHun cjiijiairb. Hn- 
Roro en^e ae Gojlo na yjiBi^i, ho Koe-rA% 7^^ au)<QBjihcb TpyCu, 
a iAtjxsi na cbohx^b mecTaxi BosBin^ajiH yipo. 

RorAa ohi cnycKajica no TponHHB:]^ Kb pisi, eiiy noRasaJiocB, 
^xo 0Hi» BHAHrb seHCRyio T^HB, BAyn^H) Kb neMj on noffBOM- 
naro MocTa. Mosen 6utl, ero noAxnAasa Pernna? Ho H%n, 
ParflHa no Cujia lasi CTpoftna h Tonsa. Koiiy uvb AepeBencsHxii 
6wio KbjLO Ao noA:BeMHaro Mocra b'b aiorb qaci>? GepAi^e ero sa- 
Chjeocb. Cnopo h ero sau'i&TEJiH. Kto-to thxo k Bcnyranno bcbphk* 
nyjTb H CKpujiCfl 8a 8a6opoin». 

Eny ne xot^ocb sa neft rnaTBCfl. 3to Morjia 6mh KopoB* 
Hm^a, meAmafl na sapi sa boaoA h HcnyraBmaflCfl BcrplnH. 
Ho KorAa om noAomejrb ki noAi>eMHOicy Mocry, ohi> yBHA^jn 
na CBiseicb cniry cjiiAU, BonuBiniecji nepeA'B ctoji($oici, n 
ROTopoMy 6wn> npHCnrb no^iosuft Hn^HRi. 

HeyseJUH Roxy-HH6yAB bi AopeBHi uotjlo npnAin sejiaHle 
nncaTB eny? Mucjib BTa 6jbiJia cidmHafl h, rbwb ne Menie, ona 
HanojiHHJia ero Ayniy i^JiHirb noTOROifb naxesAK. 

Owb BUHjjTh mn KapiiaHa unovBi, Roioput BcerAa HOCHjrb 
ch co6oH), H OTRpuji^B fln^HRi>. Jivb Horo Biinajio nncBHO. Aposa* 
npMH najiBAaHH cjioMaorB om ne^axB. HoAnncB EjneHul HeyxeJSfl 
Borb ycjoimaJTb ero M0jn>6y h nocujiajrb eicy ciuiy n cnaceniet 

HepBuft yrpeHHlft JiyvB ocb'Itsjtb nncBMO, no cxpoRn mojib- 
Rajin B% ero rjiasax'B. To ba'I^cb, to lairb onib JioBHjnb ofipuBOKi 
^pasu HJiH OTA^jiBHoe. «Tepnifiie!.. ?aci, bi Roiopuft fl leOa 
npHBOBy... TocRa... Bpeiifl iohocth... CwcTJ[EBa»..« 

Oni noHjuTb TOJiBRO OAHo: bbiuiocb to sHaMenie, o ROTopoirb 
OHi MOJnuTB na Kornjii. ?yAO coBepmnjiocB! 

Ki neify chobe BOSBpaTHJiacB yBipennocTB. CnacTBe emfi ne 
ocTaBHJio ero, eny emfi ne^ero 6ujio coMniBaTBCfl bi ce6i. 
^HCTufi, CB'lTjmfi roBdft ero iohoctb ne noRHAajrb ero, nojoca- 
raacB na ero CHJiy h B'lpnocTB. 

n OBTB onpaBAaen esi AOBiple. Jlynme offB yiiperB, ^in 
OTAacTCfl nosopy h noxepjierB yBasenie ri ce6i! 

06paTHBmECB ri ocBiqaBmeft ero nypnypHmrB GjiecROicB 
sapi, OHi> noAHflJi:B pyRy h npoHsnecB RJUTBy: 

— Te6i, FocnoAH, Te6i, CTporony h npaBOAHOMy cyABi, 
Rapaion^eny rpixn on^OBi bi xpeTBoicB s ^eTBepxoirb ROJuini, 
Te6i RjuraycB, hto Jiynme naiosy na ceCfl pyRy, nin ffiM% 
EcnojinnTBCfl hbao iffloio npoRJiBTlK) TBoero CJiyaRBTejifl. Amehb! 

SaxiifBy RaR!b 6u ocBobosABHHuft 0TB TAxeJioft HomE, on 
nomejTB aokoA. 

— ^pu cnajm TenepB,— CRasajTB ohi> ce6% bxoah cb rjny- 

60RflirB B8A0X0VB Bl CtHE, HO pyRa, BSflBmaflGA sa ROJIOROJIB- 

HERi, Bce en^e Aposajia, RaRi» b-b jmxopaAsi. 

BiiCTpuicB, CMyn^eHHUMi bstjibaomi OREHyju'B OEb ROMHary. 



KOmA^Bfl AOPOFA. 153 

IIpH cwbrb paHHeft sapn ovb yBHAiJirB ee o^clioft h CBwnqet Ha 
CBoem jioxt, onepimcb pyKaira aa ROJiiHH. Ea Bo^ia 6uj[a 
naayoTspura, bojiocu naAaJiH bi CesnopaxKi Ha joiito. TaBOio 
ace lo^o-Bi-TOHB ocraBHJii owl ee HaxaHy^. Ona neAJieHHO hoa- 
Hflia roJiOBy h saxyMaHeHHuiTL Bsopom, KaKB 6u bo CHi, ho- 
CMorp&ia Ha Hero. Ohi HcnyrajiCA dioro B8rjiaA&* 

— PasBi Tu He JioxHJiacB cnan?— cnpocHorb ohb Ean moxho 
piane. 

Ona CMOTpijia na Hero b% 6j[azeHfl0M'b OKineniHiH, ho he- 
Hero He oxBinajia* 

— CjnmmmB? — saKpHHaji'B ohi» na nee. 

Ona OojiBme ne nyrajiacB ero spHRa; tojibko rkio oh CJierKa 
Apornyjio, RaK'b CyxTO sByBi* ero rojioca HanoJiHHjrb ee onapo- 
BaHleiTb. Ona cierKa yj[u6HyjiiacB h cnpocajia: 

— ?T0 a, AOJOusa cJuimaxB, rocnoAHHB? 

— OxHero ni ne JnosHJEacB cnaiB? 

— fl Bacb sAajna, rocnoAHH'B. 

— a leCa He npocHJii. 

— Ho Bu K He sanpen^ajra, rocnoAHHi. 
Qhi cxBaiHJicH sa cnHHsy cxyjia. 

— noHeify TU CoHmBCH ea? — cnpamHBajn ohi ce6H« — Biff> 
iH HouflJiCH, TTO A^Jt Te62 6oj[Bme He* cyn^ecTByen onacHocin. 
H, HTo6u yAajoiTB ee, oh% eft npHKaBajii CBapHiB eiiy HT0-HH6yAB 
ropanee. 

Ona MOAieHHO Bciajia, pacnpaBJUfl saTemile uenu. KaRaa- 
10 MenraTejiBHafl HCTOKa, saaajiocB, nanojiHajia Bce ea cyn^ecTBo. 
Co Bqepanmaro ahh ona coBepmenHO HSM'&HHJiacB* 

SaRpHBii sa Heio A^^pB, ohb Btmyai hb'b sapMana hhcbmo, 
HTo6u en^e pas'B yOiAniBca b:b cbooitb c^acilH. 

Ofli npoHejTB: 

«MHJiuft AP7^ ^^^ iohocth! 
a ysHaJia ot!b on^i, hto nannb 6jiaropoAHiifl k MyApuft ko- 

pOJB HOHTHJTB TOfifl CBOOK) MHJIOCTIK): OhI npOHSSeJTB Te6fl Bl 

KanHTaHU h HarpaAHJTB BucmHirB opAenoicB. SejiaH) Te6i on 
KjmsL cnaciia h cepAOHHO pa^yiocB aa Te6a. liana ne xot^jtb 
icfiA paacRaaaTB, ^iio en^e cjiyHHsocB Eponi dxoro, ho obtb Giutb 
oneHB B086ysAeHi h roBopnjrB o Te6i cb rnifioicB. Atb, ocjih 
6u HI cfByitiurB sacnyxHiB ero 6jiarocRJiOHHOCTB h jio6oBh Bcero 
pHZOAa- Mni Cm TorAa nenero 6hjlo Tasi 6oaTBCfl, k a 6ki m orjia 
< A BpeiieHH AO BpeiieHH Te6H bha^tb k roBopHTB cb To6oft. 
'. iHjnift BoJDLecjiaB'Bl npomy Te6a bi CMepTenBHoicB cipax*!: ne 
] )HX0A9 6ojiiBme HHKorAa bi» cbai. Tu b^a^ snaeniB nany.«. Bu- 
, pjcH, HorepnH, bbueah, Moft Aoporoft Apyr^l Kto nperepHHTB, 
1 Aen CHaceni, roBopHTca wb cBa^oHHOirB HHcaHlH. Until 
' pnime ao xoro naca, sorAa a leCa nosoay. TorAa a Te6a mn 



154 P7GCK0E BOrATCTBO. 

Bin^y H 6yx7 sastb Te6ji, KOHeHHO, Cb toceoA. 0, ^jAHoe Bpexa 
lOHOCTH, Tfjb oho! KaKb 2 6HJ[ia Torxa c^aciJuiBa! 

Tfiofl Eji6Ha>. 

nocTb-CKpHnryifii: cHe npiixoAH Cojoine b^l caA>. S. t66& 
yBajRy Apyroe irlcTO. Tojduco ho bi ciu(y.««» 

CipaHHoe ffbjio! To, ^to h'Ickojibko HHHyrB Tony Hasa^i^ 
HanojiHHJio ero 6jiias6HCTB0Mi>, noBasaJiocB eny lenepB (ijAKShorby 
668itB%THBiirB H paso^poBajio ero* Bhhok) aroMy 6ujia, 6wb cour 
Hifllfl, x^KK&pKa, 6JIH8OCTB ROTopoft nopiHJia ero nacrpoeHle. 

Ojoa HaxoAHJiacB, KasajorocB, bi* KaRoirb-TO 6jD[aseHH0icb noni- 
maTeJiBCTBi. KaRi ona yjiutfajiacb! EaBi CTpaneo vjajsjbjLK vb. 
npocTpancTBO. Ona xowuib^j RaKB JiyHainKi. 

— PerHHal 

Oea Ha MHHyxy onyciHJia b'Ikh. — ^, rocnoprsL. 

— %o c^ To6oft ceroAHfl? 

Ona, yjiu($aacB, noKanajia roJiOBoft.— Hnero, rocnoxHH'B'. 

n cHOBa dTorB Bsrjr^Ai, RaKi 6k ymeffmift bb CHOBHffiHLi k 
saiyiiaHeHHuft cjieBaMH c^acm. PpyAB ero cacajiacB. Owb ciajii 
e^ 6oaTBCJi. Owb piniHJi'B ne bha:£tb h ho cjaimaiB efl, h xhtb 
TOJUBRO CBoeft pa6oToft. Owb CTajii phtbca bi cbohx'b CyMarax-B, 
npHBejTB b:b nopxiAOEi Bcb QOKyMenTu, npoBipHJii, sanHcajTB h 
CA^JiaJi'B KoniH. Eny sasajiocB, ?to y nero* aojurho 6htb ace ro* 
TOBO Ha cjiynaft BHesaimaro HecnacTlH. 

TaRi npomejii a^hb, laK^B npHmejrB se^epi. PerHHa 8a6H- 
jiacB B% caimfi TOMHuft yroji'B h ho ABHraaacB. Oh:b ne pimascji 
Ha nee BBrjixiHyTB. Bb BHCRaxB y nero ciy^ajia KpoBB, b!b rJia- 
saxi MOJiBRajiH a^eJiTEie spyru; ycTajrae nepBU to h a^o ho* 
AeprHBajiHCB. 

RorAa HacH npo6HJiH AecaiB, ona Bciajia, npoGopnoraBB: — 
cnoKOftHoft hohh! — h HC^esjia sa CBoefl sanaBicRoft. 

OhI He OTBiTHJI!B B He HOAHflJH Ha HOO FJiaSl. 

Bi OAHHHaAitaTB nacoBi ohi noTyniHJii juaimy k Tose Jien. 

— Onero y Te6ji cepAi^e tbri cTy^HTB?— CHpamsBajTB ohi»' 

Ce6fl. — BCHOMHH CBOK) RJUTBy. 

Ho cipaxi nepeAB necHaciieicB, npnCjiHseHie ROToparo oh%i 
lyBCTBOBajT'B BO Mpas6, RasB npH^jrasenle npHspaRa, ho horh- 
Aajii ero AyniH. Ohi» emfi pasB Bcxajn h 6ochrohi noAomejTB 
Ri opyseftHOHy nma^y, 6ji%aho ocBtooieHHOMy jnynoio. OffB bu-^ 
Hyjm H8B Hero oahhi h8i» HHCTOJieTOBB, BcerAa 8ap)UReHHUxi, 
Ha cjiy^aft HeosHA^HHaro HanaAenixL. 

He pa8i coqiyacBJTB ohib eny cjnyacdy vb RpoBaBOirB 6010. 
EycTB se ohi ceroAHJi 8anpmirB ero on nero caMoro. 

Co B8BeAeHHIIMB RypROlTB nOJUOSHJlB OWh ero pflAOlTB Cb CO- 
6oft Ha HOHHOft CTOJIHR'B. 

— SaRpoemB jdi tbi rjra8a? — cnpocHJTB oh:b ce6fl, onycRaa 
roioBy Ha noAyniRH. Ero coirafinle 6um HSjmniHe. ^pesi h§- 



KOmAHBfl AOPOFA. 155 

eiojiBKO ceKjuf^b owh yxe nonyBciBOBan, Kara ycrajiocTB razo 
ofij&^iBa^T'E ero ^jnenaiai h mkicjuuih. 

CrpaEEoe CHOBHAiHle cm'Ihhjio ero rjiy6oRlft coffB bi RaRyfo-io 
nojiyjipeMOTj. Bi rjiy6oKOM%, oRyTHBaioii^eirb ero iipaKi eny no- 
"lyjtBjmcb oBpan^eHHue aa nero ABa ropnii^e rjiasa, noAo6Hue 
rjiasaM'B naHTepu. Sasajroci, tojuko H'Icrojibro aepniROBi ota^ 
lajio Bxi orb ero jmiia. Ohh dorohjuicb na neirb vb CTpacTHom 
oiiiQeHeBlH, RaRi 6yAio fin xoTijor ero BannmoTHSHpoBaTB k 

OKOJTAOBaTE, 

Ohx CTajii Msejio AumaiB h no'iyBCiBOBajTB sa ceCib Ten- 
lOia BOJiBM Hysoro ABixaHLi. 

3to ho 6kijib cose. Ohi mepoRO pacRpujEi rjiasa. Ha ero 
0A:%j9Jii cBirb Hicaiia Jiesajrb 6o3n>mBMi> O^joimb lUTHOirB, a 
rjnasa see en^e cxBrajui ero cbohmi miJiaioiEiHirb Bsopom. Owb 
paejiM^Ej[*b oHepiaHljs: jiHiia. E^aa ^nrypa sennpiHU naajiorfB- 
jiacL eaA'b hhmb. Ero oxaanjiB yjKacb. 

— PerHHa!— npomenrajn owb. 

Oea onycTHJiacB na roju^hh nepoA'B ero nocrejnio h noRpiua 
ero pyEH cjiesami h noi^&nyflMH. 

Ero oxBaTHJDa cJiaARaa HcroMa. Ohb xoiijrb npoaecTH pyROft 
no eji ^epHHirb Rocan, pasMeTaBmHMca Ha ero noAyniRfl, ho y 
Hero He xbethjio chjtb othatb on nea pyRH. BApyn> hto-to bi 
HeM^ 3aEpaiajio: 

— BcnOKHH CBOK) RJUTBy! 

Owh BCEOIHJI'B Bl CMepTOJILHOirb ysBci. 

B-b CTpaHHOMi, CescosHaiejiBHOM'b coctoahIh nojiycHa BupaaJiB 
y Hea pyKy h cxaaTHJiCH sa HHCTOJierb. 

— Oaa HJDH Tu! 

PaeAaJicfl BucTp&i'b* PerHHa sacTOHaJia h ynajia JOiiioirB na 
spafl EpasaTn: Bb ly se Minyiy cb npoTEBonoJioaEHoft crtnu 
pasABJica TpecRi h rpoxon. IIopTpeTB 6a6ymRH ynajrb na hojib. 

CuyH^eHHo nocKOTp'&D'B OHB BORpyrs ce6fl, npnxoAa tojibro 
lenepB noHenHory wb cosname. 

— Tu paneHa?— cnpocHJiB OHiiy RjiaAfl pyRy na ea rojiOBy. 
~ H.*. He... 8HaH), rocHOAHHit— H OHa cocROJiBsnyjia ci Rpo- 

Bara B nonojiBJia ri CBoeft nocTejiB. 

Oh'l oa^jich h saserb cB'lHy. Eicy ace bto RasajotocB crpam- 
BBOiB CBOBt^.— A ecJiH OHa yMpeTb? — cnpanmaajTB oh!b cefia ny- 
mejsBHO, 

EoFAa OHB noAHflJi'B sanaBici ea RpoBaiB, oh:b HamejTB ee 
BpamaBineflcji bb caMuft wiSbsiA yroJiB. Ona npBAepxBBajia sy- 
fiaioi Epafi OA'^Jia, na ROTopoMB bbah&ihcb RpoBaaua naina. 

— PaAH XpBCTa... HORajRH... RyAa Te6i nonajio? 

Ohb BpHHOAHaJia neMHoro oa^jio h o6HasHJ[a njieno. KpOBB 
njiacB BB'B paBHf ropaneft CTpyeft. 



I 



156 P7CCK0B BOFATCTBO. 

Eiiy Cam AOcraTo^oao osHoro aarjifliia, vo6u jCiwcaca, as 
Tomb, mo BUCTp&rL jmmb cjierKa saK^^n njneno, h vo Hepea 
picKOJii^RO AHOft pana sasHBen. 

— . CjiaBa Bory! CjiaBa Boryl 

Oaa cicoipljia Ha Hero npecTaoBHun, noMyTHBnnDiCfl Barjui* 

AOITB. 

— 9io HHHero, — npo6opMOTajirb ohi, — tojibko i^ipanHHa, 
(kKsune HHqeroI 

Ona, BasaJiocB, ero ne cjoraiajia. 

— EeperHCLl— csasajTB owb ce6i.— He cjiOBOirb, he Barjui- 
J^om> He BHsaBaft ce&i. 

Ohb OTomeJTh h bi HsneMoaReHlH nocTaBHJii CBiHsy na CTOja. 
?T0 ffijiaTB lenepB? Ky^a hath) OcTaBaibca — snaHHJio norH^Hyxb. 
BizaiB, 6isaTB na^o 6hjio HeneAJieHHO. 

BirH se ABJieKO h ocraBaftca bwuih, hokb th ne bosxbht- 
HemB cxiHii, Koropaa pasjiyqHJia 611 TeiSa ch h6io na b%kh. H^ 
saiiiixaflCB OTB BOJiHenifl, oni ciajii coGspaTB CyicarH, CBixi- 
TejiBCTByiDHiiia bhh^ ero oiita, Kani 6yAT0 aio 6ujio caxoe 
xoporoe, Hio y nero ociajiocB. 



CMepTb. 



Ona npHnuia h GjiiAHUHH Rpujraia, 

KaE'b JierKurb, cvbrjiaxh choitb, mh^ jsjmj o6HflJia, 

Bsrjijmyja Ha MeHfl HesximnnMH oiaioi 

n MHoro, MHoro TafiHi nocTHTHyTL Kob xftia. 
Bcff JKH8HB xofl H Bce ofl GTpaAaHBe 
HH^TOSHmrb h ^shitb bi totl loirb RasasHCB mh^, 
Easb ciapflHH ciffoft 8a6uToe npeAaHKe, 
Ean^ CMyTHiis nepiu, ManBKHyBmifl bo csi. 

H& Bctpiiy eft xynioft a, yjai6ajiicfl, 

3a5HB:b CBOft TJiiHi seMHoft H TJirocTHiift HeAyrs, 

fl HOJi^a noBTopjiJirB: RaKB a Te6A 6osuLcai 

H Kasii a 6£i^ ho npaB'b, Moft xo6puft, CiiiAHuft xpyrB!.. 

Allegro. 



ac P E I^ H. 



XYL 



He cMoipH Ha owBwjsflYJO nejiinocTB CTatBH «CTapitnii 
H8BicTifi», oHa, Kasi h npexBHAftjTL HaflAeHon, npoHaaejui 
dojuBinyH) ceHcaitiH) vb HflrejuiHreHTHUx'b xocsobckui Kpysicax!& 
H OC066HHO cpe^H speitOFb HaysH. 

Ki Beqepy yse 6hum pacnpoxaHti Bdi OTxtnEue Hoxepa 
raseru, o6£ibhob6hho xajro pacxosHBineftcH bi posRs^Hot npo- 
Aaarb. BoiKOMy xot&eocb ppo^ecn, Kan «OTxiji[ajui» npoij^ecoo- 
poffb. Bi> axon AeHB, BesA^ roBopajiH craibi s TDieiHO xo- 
miTiiBajiHCB ydsaTB, etc aBiopi, saHHTepecoBaHsue ero Hue- 
Hen eABa jih ne crojDtBso se, ckojibko h ero upoHSBeAeHlen. 
Eto-to nycnuTb cjiyxi, qro asTopB HaflA^HOBi, ho hhsto ho 
noBftpHJTL, cqRTaH dry ^ciapyio mejiBMyi cjehihrom^ yiCHun ^e- 
JiOBiKon, qTo6u HanHcan TaRofi rpy6aft nacsBHib. 

JliOAn, He paa(K:&i3Baiie imiHit BOHHCtoyioii^eft Aseni, 
pasyirbeTCH, BOSvyntajEHCi cTaTBeft, ho 9to ho Mftmajio, 
OAjHaKOy BecBxa HHonrMB BTafisi paAOBaTB<^ csaHAajiy, bckojiiix- 
HyBmeMy, cjdiobho fipdtneHHUft RaneHB, coHHoe 6oQioito h ]^ZMJ^ 
meuj noBOAB eb nepecyxairb, cajteTBawb; i^HfiHqecEHicB hbjiui- 
HiflMB' no coKpeTy h eb caMuirb nHicaHTHEnrB npoAnojioseHiflMB 
o6b onHjioil Bceft aroft HCTopiir. 

A anHJiora noqoMy to hch oacHAajiH, xom h snajui, no hh- 

EaEOfi <HCTOpiH» BB Cyn^HOCTH He 6EUI0. 

Ho 6ojtbe Bcero, h ho 6e8B nisoTOpofi naHBHOCTH, xocebh^h 
HsyicjuuHCB HaraocTH, CB EasoK) cocTaBHTejLB OT^era, oqeBHAHO 
npHcyrcTBOBaBinift na loGHJieftHOM^ o6iA^, HSBpaTHjrB cxbicjcb 

pftqeft HiEOTOpHXB aaCTOJIBHJblX'B OpaTOpOBB H BB OCOfieHHOCTH — 

pin Hheojuui CeprieBHia, soropaa TaRB Bcftxi bocxhthju. 
MHorie ee cxiimaxH, iraorie ee HHraaiH bb xpynixB rasemxi, ■ 
HSBpanteme, bhahmo yMumjieHHoe, npH noMon^H BcraBosB h aa- 
m£hu oAHHXi uoffB ApynniH, TaEB H 6pocajD[OCB BB riasa. 

9Ta, no o6nteMy MiriftmH), CjiecTRn^afl h TaiaHTjiHBafl pin, 
BOBBOAflntaa bb EyjBTB cjiysenle, no iiipi bosmoshocth, xaieKi^ 
RHHB x^jian H nopHitaBmafl CescMucjieHHocTB h fieaojiOABOcn 



SKPEipi. 159 . 

BCfflBaro repoftCTBa, xase h xaKoro, Kam buxoxi vb OTcraBsy, — 
^n KpacHopiuBftfl saniHTa KOMnpoiacca h BocxeajieHie ero, 
san rpaamaHCKaro MysecTBa, n iiei>e»a^i affropa miaacb 

^yTB JDK H6 BEISOBOn Kb npoTecTj. 

3to 6inio jMh^^e^evb ^ypi Harjtoe BpaHBe h BOSMjnjio 
xase 6jiaroATinHux& xocKBH^efl. 

He^ero h fobophtb, ^to 6escoBioTH£iji h HecnpaBeAUHBUfl 
HanaAKH Ha HsKOJiafl CepiieBHqa, Koioput kb Toiiy-ase 6ujrb 
«jn>(Si6HHmrb HejioBiKom h ropxocTBK) xocsBHHeft, no xpaftHeft 
Jiipi, He HeHBmeft; qivb M. H. EpMOJtOBa, ^HjunnoBCKie sa- 
u^n H nopocenon noffB xpiHoirb y TicroBa,— en^e 6ojAe hoa- 
HHjD npecnuKb tfiecTAiiiaro npo^eccopa bb maaxB mhofouc- • 
aeHHBXb ero no^HTaiejieft h noqEraTeuHHipi. 

QneBeraKHBift, offb pimHrejiBHo snuiaica repoen. 

H Ha Apyroft xe sohb nocjA no^BJieHk pyraienHofi cranH 3a- 
pi^EsA HOJiynHn AecflTsa A^a nnceMi, BupasKaBiiiHXB HeroAO- 
Bame na (SesiHHHHHaro nacKBHiaRTa h ropaiee coqyBCTBie npo- 
98Hec6HHofi HflKOJiaewb Cepviewnewh piqn h BOo6ii^e Bceft ero 
(SesynpeHHoft a^^^^^vojohocth. 

Bb uui dfRxi nocjsaHift 6uso h Apy^eecBoe, o^ohb MBJLoe 
HxcBxeao ArjiaH UerpoBHU. 

KpacRBaH MxuioHepina speAJiarajia exy cbqh ycjiyni. Bi 
XIeiepi5ypii y Hea eciB oahhi sHaKOHKift, BjdflTenHut ?eio- 
Bft^oKs, KOTopoHy OHa HanHmeTBy ecAHfiH, BCiiACiBie cnoAiot $ 

BaxftTKH>, HHKOJiaK) CeprfteBH^y rposHjm KaidH HH6yAB HenpuT- S 

men. ^ 

Kan Hx snndisii 6iuh HanaASH Ha SapiiHaro, ho ohh sa- 
eiaBKJx- HHKOjras Cepr^BHqa crpycHTB h, npHsnaTbCfl, najio- 
xyiDHO crpycHTb. BcrpeposHJtHCB craTLeft h HiKOiopue npo<]^ec- 
€opa, roBopuiBie piw, '^H WLxe ho roBopHBmle piqeft, ho 6bib- 
nde Ha lofojiefiHOHi o&bjii. Oxhhi tojibko SseHHropoAiteBib, vb 
mecai naioBiBa CBo6oAHoft npo^ecclH, o6HapysHBajr& repoft- 
eiBO H TpetfoBan KOJueBTHBHaro nporecTa npoTHOB craTBH, 
HasBaBmeft ero ropoxoBHVb myrovb. 

SaxBansi a co6ok) Sapi^Haro, 3BeHHropoAi](eFB npHBevb 
«ro vh raaprapy oahofo nn npo^^eccopoBi, 17^ no HHHitiaTHBft 
HBaHa nerpoBHU, aoasho 6hjio coctoatbch coBiiqanie. Co6pa- 
JDCB, OAHaso, ]S!MLem ne Bcfi. K)5Hjupa pimHTejiBHo ne nycTHia 
cynpyra, yase ycni^Bniafl hb Te^eme abh AOBiiTB AHApen MHxaft- 
jioBHqa ynpeieaMH, icaKB toako npo^Hrajia craiBH) cGTapiftniHX'B 
HaBicTifti. -^ ti 

HysHO 61U0 eMy npa^AHonaTB btotb Ayp^moft io6HJieft. Te- 
nepB, Toro h fjuiah, BuroHHTB ero. Abtopb saviTU coBepmenHO 
npaffB, HasBaBinH AHApeii MHxafljioBHqa ^exoBiKoxB «cBAToft 

HaHBH0eiH», TO eCTB HHHMH CJIOBaXH AypABOKB... ATP^^ Ciapuft 
0&B H eCTBl 



V 



160 pyCGKOE BOrATGTBO. 

AHxpeft MHxaftjioBnTb Tepn&UBO onanHBUCH, ho koiw 
«BapeHBKa» noTpeOoBua, hto6ii oirb na xpyroft xohb Kenpe- 
vfiHHO noixajTb Kb noneHHTejoB) etiiflCHsncH, to fciapuft xy-^ 
paB^» TOKB pimnojuLHo oTBirfljnbf nro hh Kb KOMy o(JiMi^flTECfl 
H6 uoiffiTh H Ha crapocTH Ain yHHsaTBca He cranerB, ^to 
<BapeHBBa» BUTapamHjia on yKHBJieHifl nasa. 

— H H juaojo Ha CTaTBiol — npntfaBBjn Cb npespHreJon^Hoft 
rpHxacofi crapuft npo^eccopi. 

VLzb ^BCJia Bcixi nodBaHHHXb dBeHxropomeBHVB na ooBi^ 
maHie, co6pajioc& tojibko leioBiKi xecHTB npo^eoeopovB. Oee^ 
paayMifteTC^, ixqaTejiBHO cspiiBajH xpyn on xpyra cbok) Tpe- 
Bory H Buicrfc crb Sapi^Huirb roBopHjm, no cji^Kjert oraecTHCE 
Cb npespfiHievb n HHCBHyaipiiirb KaRonnro xepsaBi^a, ho xa- 
jieKO H6 y Bcixb 611x0 oxho toxbbo npespteid, Kan y cmparo 
cKpoxnaro npo^eccopa Kochiqmux). 

y HHorHn 6ujrb ton, ncKxiDHHTexBHO CBoftcTBeHHuft pyc« 
cuvb, npeyBexH^OHHHft crpan sa CBoe noxosenie, BOTopiift 
sacraBxxen nepixffo h yxcTBeHHO CHixuxi xioxeft BHx^tb ooac- 
Hocn xft3K6 H laiTB, ijsjh ea nftn, h HyBcnoBan ce6x 6en 

BHHH BHHOBaTIUIH. Bci nOHHM&SH, ^TO XSHBOCn O^TBH BS& 

coMHiniflH HTo ona ne Hosen BosCyxHTb HexopasyiiJteift, Tftvb 
fioxi^e, HTO npasxHOBaHie io6Hxex 6uxo o^HiuaxbHO paq>iiDeH0y 
H BceraKH ipycHXH. 

H XHmb TOXbKO noaBHxacb craibA, xan ysb ^^BOTopiie nn 
sp6i](on HajKH, cuTaBmie ce6A xpanBTex^MH saBitoi^ fpanoB- 
cxarOy xaxoxymHo KaajmcB, ^to Ssjih Ha lo^x^tfoirb ' oJiixA^ 
a XBoe, 6oxfte CTpycBBinie npo^^eccopa, ho ^^fafifiecx u co6pa- 
Hie, yse ycnftxx yTpon noRasaxBCH Ka^axinsy, htoCb yraan, 
Kan OHO OTHecxocb n raseTHoft sairiini, h Rcrantiioacaxo- 
BancX) HTO n neft HXb nasBaxn «jB6epaxbBiDui upoxoxHx* 
i^axH». 

Co6paBmiecH na coBintaHie ilepBfiivb Tfbjowb sanxxHCb pas- 
cxJ^XOBanieHi: rto xon Gun aBTopom saxliTRH. O^obbxho — bto 
BTO HH6yxb Hn Bparon HHROJifU GeprieBH'ia, KOTOpoMy (Soxie 
Bcero xocraxocb. Ho Sapi^moft ^ioiBTexbHo ne xon HasBan 
HHBoro, BHymaBmaro noxo8]^ie; H xftse can Mroffb Ilerpo- 
BHn 3BeHBropoxi(en, xBaxHBmijf/ii, nvo^Bce snaen, na aron 
pan xoxsenx 6urb coaHancx'lB^^ ofesycndlmHocTH cboix^ paa- 
vlxon, HauTiixi eme yrpon. Ho on o6%ntan BceivH, bo 
hto-6ei to hh CTajto, jranaTB hxh anropa, Tro6i ero ocTepera- 
jLHCb nopflxo^Hbie XIOXH. 

He cxoTpH Ha npexxosesie SBeHHropoxKCBa HanncaTb KOXxeK- 
THBHuft npoTecn npoTHn CTaTbH h npHBxeqb n hoxbhch bob- 
xosHO fioxbmee xoxH^ecTBo xhitb, pimeao 6uxo ocTBBnn cranio 
6en oTBiTa, xan HexocTofinyio x&sp n onpoBepseBix. Ha 
oTOXi HacTaHBaxH Bci, H HsaHi n^TpoBHn Tan me 6u- 



SPEI^. 161 

erpo BSHJTs HasaA'b CBoe MHiHie^ Raic^ h npeAJiosHjn> ero. Ho 
yicaaaTB nepe^epsRH, CA^jmHEUH vb pi^axi 3api^aro h apj- 
FHXb npo4)eccopon, ofiAsaTeaiBHO cji^AOBajDio, no eAHHorjiacHOMj 
uEimio BcATb npHcyTCTBosaBinBrB. 

3api^Hiift TjTb se HanHcajTb KopoTSoe dhcbmo bi peAaKiiii> 
cEseAVeBHaro BicTHHKa», orpaHH^BBmHCB bi Heir& tojibko na- 
Tj^SHSDii conocraBJieHieirb HSBpan^eHHuxi icicTb piqeftcbj^fi- 

CTBHteJIBHO npOHBHeCeHHUMH, H HO npHtfaBHJTB Kh BTOMy U 

cTpoiKB, qio npHAaBajio BHCbMy HicnoHHpyiontyK) 4^aKTHqecKyK> 
KpaTEOCTB H EaK'b-6£i oTT^HAjio DOJEoe HpespiHie Kh aBTopy 
onoTa, KOToparo ho yxocroHBajtH sase hh esHHUMx cjiiOBoirb» 
jinHO Ri H6uy oCpan^eHHuirb. 

Bci BnojiH'6 oAo6pHJD[fi[ poAaRniH) nscBMa. 

— PasyirbeTCA, uu sd ero noABHineirb! — npoHSHeci neosH- 
xaHHo CO CBoeK) otfu^HOH) BacriHWBoio yjiiBi6Roft GtfpyeBB, bo bco 
BpeMfl He npopoHBBmlfl hh ssyRa h, nasajiocB, saHHiKift jmush 
HaeiTB. 

Bi TOHi ero rojioca ($ujio hto-to BUdHBafoniiee, to^ho ohb 
He 6ujFh yBiipeffB bb o6iiteMB corjiaci^ h cbohmi BuauBaioiitHirB 
jBftpeHHUM^ TOHOMi viv^EJica QOA^OAPHTB 6ojrle MaJHOXyiHHEIX'B 
KOJuerB. 

Bci ysHBjseHHO BsrjuiHyjiH na G5pyeBa, Roropsift B^pyrB sa- 
roBopHjni, A& 6^6 xaRB p'bziiflTejiBHO, H npHTOMB He pasi^aBJL^a 

^an EOHBHROVB. 

npomjia jDiojirafl MHHyTa TJirocTHaro nejiOBRaro MOJiHaHifl. 
MHorie onycT-^ji:' jojiy rjiasa. Bhahmo npefljOKeHie C6pyeBa 
He HOHpaBHJiGCB, uo RH y Koro He xBatajio vyaseciBa npiiMo 
Otfl BTOITB cRaaaTB. ' 

— HaXJ^iOCB, B81i-8r STOrO MU HHqiHB He pHCKyeMBl — npH- 
6aBHn C6pyeBi ci AO^jposymHo-HpOHHqecRoft ycMiniRofl* 

— TyrB He b-b pncRi a4jio, JI,MHTpift HBaHH^B,— HaR0Hen;B, 

SarOBOpHJTB TOTi CaMElft CTaj[)^t HpO^eCCOpi U^SiTHHI^RiS, ROTO- 

paft Ha lofiHjiei ysip^jTB CBoero xpyra An^pen MuxaftjiOBaqa, 
HTO o6a, HaBfipno, 6ujim 6u ^RHBCxpaMH, ecjmtfB shjih ho bb 
Poccia, aBrBAnrjiiH. — Tyrb ne bi^ pack* sijio, joporofl ROJueral— 

HOBTOpBJTB NOTHBlft ROpOHaCtuft CXapHRB, HOHHacafl CBOfl SUH* 

HBift rojiocB.— Mu B(r6, p^^ajj^iheTCH, ne ocTaHOBHjiHCB-6£i h ne- 
peA'B pHCROiTB, ecjiH6i.Toro TpeCioBaia nama qecTB. 

«H BpeTB se CTapaH tfecml^ nponecjiocB bb rojioB'fi G6pyeBa. 

— A BB AaHHOMB cjiyqai h pHCRa HHRaRoro h^tb, h h, 
pasyMiercH, oxotho noAnHcajicji 6u hosb hhcbmohti, xoth moh 
pbn H He ysocTOHJiacB HSAi^BaTejiBCTBa n HSBpan^eniH. Ho ne 

[pHAaAyTB-jiH Bc6 HamH hoahhch nncBMy necBoficTBeHHuft eny 
[ nacB HeAOCToftHuft xapaRTep'B npoiecTa? H A^JiBRaTHO-jiH 9to 
(yAen onHOCHiejiBHO HamnxB OTcyTCTByH)n^HXB ToaapHii^efl? Hoa- 

[HHIH BCi H£I HHCBMO, OHH HOryTB O^HA'^TBCfl, HTO HXB HO 

n 9. OTAijn I. 11 



162 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

BKjno^HJiH, a co6HpaTB Teneps nosQHCH Bclrb Rouerb, ($£ib- 
msTb Ha otf^A^} noBAHO... KaKi bu nojraraere, rocnoAa? 

KouerH, BiafiHt o6paAOBaHHue, ^ro UjaiTRKujiA lan jiobko 
OTBiTHjTB Ha iip6Aio»eHi6 G6py6Ba H xan mn BOsiiosHOcn 
noAi 6jiaroBHAHiiirb npeAioron jBHUHyTB on noxoMCH, coraa- 
auniCB CB MHteien U^BiTHHi^Karo. H cairB SapiqHufl, Tpy- 
CHBinii uocjA craTBH bchkhtb HaiieBOBi Ha Hporeciu, HaxoxHorB, 
^ao noAHHcaTBCH noAi* nHCBuoirB kmorbu tojibko tA, ^bh pi^s 
■BBpan^eHBi. 

C6pyeBi TOJIBKO nosajTB njne^ami h noxflHjjicfl sa KOShErnvb. 

CoBin^ame, Kan boahtch, oko^ujiocb yatHHoirB. Ho pa80- 
nuiHCB paHO. Bci, hobhahkomj, 6hunL ue vb ocofioHHO aecejioirB 
HacrpoeHui. 

Ha cjQiiAyK>HUfl X6HB Vb «£seAHeBHOirB BicTHHKft», BnepeAH 
nHCBica Sap^uaro h AByrB ero KOuerB, 6hj[o HaneuTano h 
HHCBMO npo^ccopa KocHi^Karo. Bi* lenjiHrB, bckp6hhhx'b crpo- 
Baxi OHi rop^HO fijiaroAapEJi^B Bcixi noHTHBinnxi> ero BHiica- 
BdeiTB KB A6HB lo^HJieii H ocotfoHHO KOJiJiorB, f coHyBCTBie H ysa- 
seme KOTopBixi om ciHTaerB Bucniefl julh ce6fl HecTBio h Jiyn- 
mefi HarpaAoft aa cbok) CKpoMHyio TpHAi^aTHjiiTHioio A^^TeA- 

HOCTB». 

«BapeHBKa» xaKB h axHyjia, Korja npoua saKJioqHTejiiBHBiH 
erpoKH HHCBMa, flBJUBmiHCJi cjiobho-6bi OTBiTomb Ha otfBHHeme 
AHApefl MHxafljiOBHia vb xpyarfSi cb <JiH6epaj[BHBi]CH npoxo- 
AHMiiaMBi. OsB TOHHO Hapo^HO nytfjTH^Ho noATBepacAaJTB sry 
Apys6y, 6pocaH b&ibobb raaert, nojiBsyioii^eflCH ij^aBopoirB y ni- 

SOTOpBIX'B BJriflTejIBHlIX'B jni^. 

cO AByxi owb rojioBaxx ^to-jih!* — noAynajia «BapeHBKa» 
H, B36iineHflaH, fflBJiacB vb Ka^HHen h iBiviajia Hysy nacTOfl- 
miA <()eHe(]^Hci>, KaKi HasufiajTB AHApeft MBxaftjioBEqi ocotfeHHo 
6ypHUii cuenu, yqaiqaBmiECJi no nipfi Toro, BaKi> npo(|»eccopi 
crap^JTB, a npoij^eccopma, ne CMOipa na cboh copoRB hatb jAvby 
enofi uojioAHJiacB h, noxosaa na rpeHaA^pa bb io6k!6, SAopoBas 
H MORyiieHTajEBHajiy xorijia oc6hb CBoefi shshh npeBpaiHTB vb 
secHy. 

^yBCTByn ce6a ao nteoropoft CTeneHH BHHOBaTiurb nepoA'B 
BapeHBKofi H notfaHBaHCB Tans en, CTapuft npo$eccopi» cb o6bi9- 
Hoft HOKopHocTBio BBicjiymajTB ipaA'b pyraTejiBCTBi, ynpesoFB 
H sacTpanpiBaHit, ^to laKoro AypaKa, RarB osnb, nenpeiiftHHp 
BiiroHHTB H8i» yHHBepcHTera. JiHmB BpeiiH otb BpeiieHH owb noAaBajii^ 
penjiHKfl, qTofiBi iioji'iaHleirB ne AOBeciv seHy ao HCTepHKH, ro-\ 
TopaA oco6eHHO nyrajia ero, laRB RaRB conpoBOSAaJiacB canuMH^ 

OCROptfHTeJUBHBIHH JlJUi AHApefl MHXaftjDlOBBqa npOSBHIItaMH BpOAt 

tcrapoft TpanRH>, ccrapoft 6a6u» b €AOXjraro Mys^Hmi*. 

IIojiyqHFB Ao6pyio nopwH) cueirh, AHApeft MiixafljiOBRTB b^ 
OAHHaAi^aTB qacoBi nomejfB vb yHHBepcHTerB h, ho CMoipfl h& 



/ 



spfii^u. 168 

^6eHe^HCi>», ^yBCTBOBaJTb ce6n nocjA HaneqaiaHifl cBoero 
UHCBiia Kan-TO ocotfesHO aerKO h cnosoftHO. 

M axo qjBCTBo jAosjieTBopeHHOt cobIcte h cosHamji Hcnoji- 
HeHHaro AOJira cKasajioa emfi cusHie, Kor^a cryxeHTU Bcrpi- 
TESB crapHsa npo^^eccopa noqiHiejiBmiMH pyKOuecKaHlflMHy a 
uocjA jieiciaH, bi> npo^^eccopcKoft KOMHaTft, Kb neicy nopuBscro 
floxomeorik GfipyoBi h^ Ch KaEoft to oco6eHHoft no^iHtejiBHOCiBK) 
nasHMaji pyxy, sacrtHUBO h BSBOJiHOBaHHO nporoBopurb: 

— KaKoft xocToflHufl oTB^n Ha noAiiyK) craxuo n Bamen 
^nicBiii, Anxpeft MHxafijiOBH?i. 



xrii. 

B% BTO yTpo nocjii H)6Bjiefly Apncrapxi HsoBjeBHTO Hafl* 
^eeoBi, no CBoeMy ofitiKHOBeHiH), cb meciH HacoB:b yse chx^jii 
"sa rpoMaAHUMi nHCBueHHun ctojioitb h nps csirt jtainiu 
ycepAHo npocMaTpsBajTb «apxHBHiifl 6yiia»BH», co^Hpafl xaie- 
piajoi jsfiB HOBaro CBoero Hscj^AOBaHifl. 

Bx c^poMi ^aflKOBoiTb xajiaT^y ci ouam na Hocy h ci xyniH- 
CToft cerapoft b% sytfax'B, HaftAeflOB'B a&JI6£0 ho hu^jtb loro cypo- 
Bo-HaxM6HHaro BH^a, KaKofl y nero Bcerxa GtiBajTb na joojuaxb 

H OCOtfeJBHO Vb yHBBepCHTeri. SaJ^CB, Vb 9T0irb dOJIBmOVB^ HiCSOJIBKO 

MpaqflOifb KafiHHerfi, rjiaBsoe y6paHCTB0 soxoparo cocraBjujui 
(SojiBiDie niKa<]^£i, nojutte RHHri, h pissi^ CTapHHHUii jiHiorpa- 
^ii Ha criHan, cha^jtb yqeq^ft, bocb oiAaBmifiCfl JoofiHHOiiy 
HUB TpyAy H HacTOJiBEO norpyseHHui fb pafioiy, iro h 
He cjoixajTB, Kor^a bi a^bhtb qacoBi bi> Ra6HH6TB Bomejii^ thxo 
erynaii no ROBpy, c^apufl cjiyra h, nojuosHBuiH Ha Kpaft crojia 
navy raserB, lairB-ase (esmyMHO BumejTB. 

npOmJIO BACKOJLbEO MHHyTB 60^6, KOFAa HaftAeHOBB, OKOH- 

HHKB "iTenie RaRoro-vo AORyMenra h 6epesH0 ouoshbi ero vb 
'CTopoHy, o6paTHjii, HaEonei^i, BBBManle na raseru. Ohii o6bir* 
HOBeHHO piAKO UTajTB tCiapiSiniA HsBicTiai, xoth h nojry- 
^ajii HX'B, HO ceroAHH BUHyjoi'B nepBoio aiy raseiy wvb naiRH h 
THXO ycM^xHyjECH, CJI0BH0-6U sapanie npeABKyman yAOBOJiBCXBie. 

Ho ycM^niKa xoxqacB se HC^esjia cb tfpHxaro JiHi^a ciaparo 
npo^eccopa, ebkb toibko ovb npo6isajrB Ha^ajio CTaTBH, qaox- 
HOBHTeien Roxopofl 6ujn> caini. H no Mftpi Toro, KavB on 
uTajii, nasa ero AiJiaucB sjiie, h CRyjm 6iicTpie ABiraucB. 
^HAHMO B86tmeHHBift, OHB HepBHO epsajTB njre^aMH h, HaKoneiiB, 
OT6pocHBB Vb cTopony raaery, 8jio($ho npomenrajTB: 

— HaIotbI CsoTHHat 

Ynul yHHuB cxapHKB BHA^JTB, ^To CA&iaji'B 6ojiBmot npoMaxB, 
AopyuffB nepeiicoBy ^nanHcaxB cxaTBio. Ohb cuxan ero jMHie 
« HHRasB He npeAnoJiarajii^ ^to totb bi» cbooitb ycepAui hobo-» 



164 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

o6paii{eHHaro npeAaxejuA, h, bao^eboki, OKpujreHHBift Hftxesjofr 
ci^HXHyTB Sapd^qaarOy npeBSoflAevb bc^kjio iiipy noAJtocn h 
ORasercfl 6ojiBB,EOWb, He noH^BinHirB, hto HueHHO eiiy BHjniHJiff. 
HafiA6H0Bi 6ujvh cjiHrnKoifb yicHuirb qejiOBiKOirb, ^to6u 
yAOBjieTBopHTBCH TaKoft CTaiBefl. Ona, no ero icHiHifo, He CMorpa 
Ha xiecTKOCTB, 6iiJD[a rpyfia no tfescTBiACTBy h ottofo Tepajia 
BCflKyio nHKaHTHOCTL. dTa npeyBejtaqeHHOCTB o6BnHeHift| ocho- 
BaHHuxi, BAotfaBOKi, Ha HCKaseHHofl pi^H SapiHHaro, bto yno- 
HHHanie napHscKHxi peBOJiioi^ioHHBixi KJiyCoBi, cjiioBOHi»,BCfl HCia- 
CBaBma^CH on ^aciaro ynoTpetfjieBifl myMHxa rposHUXx cjiobii 
TOJiBKo noApuBajia, no MH^HiK) HaftAOHOBa, B'fipy 6*6 npaBAono- 
Ao6ie o6BHHeHift h, pasyiciercA, ne Mooa npoHSBecTH nasJiesa- 
n^aro Bne^aTjirfiHiA jifiSRe h vb rbxi c^paxi, jiflM EOTopuxii nn- 
myTCJi noAoSHua ciaTLH* 

OhI 0TJIH7H0 BHaJH, KaiCB HXl Ha^O HBCaTB, HTO&b o6paTEITB 

BBflHame Koro cjiinyerB — ohi h caxb hxi nncuBajTB npesAO 
noxB pasHfiiMH nceBAOHHuaMH— H noToiiy, pasjipaseHHuft n sjioi, 
BHj^jTB, HTO CTaTBH IlepejiicoBa coBepmeHHo Heyiri^aH n 6e8- 
i^'fijiBHaa raAOCTBy bii Koiopoft saBHCTB h 3J[o6a asTopa na 3apiq- 
Haro TSiKb h 6pocajniCB vb rjiasa. 

Ho 6ojrle Bcero &bcmjLO HaftA^HOBa, tto bi ciaTbi ynoMH- 
HaJiocB HeiTb. Ero huh npoTHBonocTaBJUAjiocB HMeHn Sochi][- 
Karo. BjiaroAapA dxoHy, Morjio abrtbch noAospi&Hie, hto uy- 
niftftmyiD CTaiBio nanncajTB ohi. 

Koho^ho, euy icajio J^^ssi, 6uzo ao Toro, ^^to noAyiianTB 
Rem B^ otfn^ecTBi, ho ohb, a^^ho yase MeqiaBmit o 6ojAe 
BHAHOiTb nojioseniH, Eoneuo, nexoi^ji'B ccopRTBCH CByHHBepca- 

T6TCKHMH BJaCTflUH. BijSJ> OHH paspiniHJIH HpaSAHOBaVb K)6HJ[eft 

RocHiiKaro. 

CTapHiTB sjiHjrcH Ha IlepejiicoBa h na cefisi, He^ero CKasaiB, 
Hamen 6ojiBaHa! Onip'fiinHjrb ceroAHfl-se noCuBaTB, rAibnysHo, 
^To6i^ oSbbchhtb, ^to OKh He npaqen wb 9T0fl rjiynot buxoaeA. 

Bi AB^HaAi^ftTOMi nacy, saEi tojilro ^to ohi 0A'6Jicfl, qio^Kt 
BuixaiB H8i» AOMy, cTapsifl cjiyra aojuoshjotb, qio r. nepeiicoHB 
sejiaoTB ero bha'^tb. 

— npHKaaeere OTKasarB? — cnpaoiHBax'B cjiyra. 

— H4rb, npHMHTe. Sobhto erociOAa, soBHTel— cb shboctbh) 
roBopHjTb HafiAenoBi^ cjiobho-6h o6paAOBaHHuft9 ^to ysHAHTB 
IlepejiicoBa. 

Ton BomejTB h^ckojbko CMyn^eHHufi. HafiA^HOBib OABa npo- 
nnyjirB euy pysy, a AOi^eHTB CHyTHjiCH en^e 6Mie on TaKora 
HeoacaxftHHaro xojiOAHaro npieaa. 

npomjua coKyHAa, Apyraa xojiqaHifl. 

HaKOHeifb MOJUOAOft AOiioHn nporoBopajTb: 

— H npamen ysnan, ApHcrapxii MKOBxesHTB, aoboxbhu- 
ju BU HcnojiHeHHuirB XHOio HopyHemeirB? 



SPSHH. 165 

— KaKffiTL nopyqeHieiTB? Si HHKjaKoro nopy^iesiH Bairb h6 
:xaBajrb, rocnoAHH'b IlepejiicoFb, noMHHTeaToxopomeHBEol— cyxo 
^poroBopHJi'B crapuft npo^eccopi, eABa Bjiaji^ co6oft, Trofiine 
paspasHTLCH rH^Boirb. IIpaBAa, a Banib Aajn» coBin h, npHSHa- 
iocB| pacRanBaiocB 0b BTon. Bu coBepmeHHO He noHHjiH mohzi 
jKadaHift H HanHcajiH wprb SHaeTb qvol H Kb qeiiy bu npe- 
nyTaju moh) $aiiHjiiK>... Kto Baci o&b sroifb opocujii>?.. 

— H nojiarajDrb, ApncTapxT* ^EOBjieBH<i'b... 

— H saniirb BU nepexajia Hexo^HO piib Sapiqaaro? — 
npoAOJDuasajiii HaflA^HOBb, He cjiymaH Toro, ^to roBopHTb Ilepe- 
jrbcoBii. — B£iAyiiaeTe,qTOBa]rbTas'bHnoBipflirb?.. Bo Bcixi rase- 
xaxi pi^iB Hane^iaraHa, h Sapi^Hut, paayxieTCii^ ne ocraBBTb aa- 
rnHxi nepeA&iORi Gesi onpoBepsemH, HxaKb Torxa bu 6yAeTe Ge6ii 
HyBCTBOBaTb, r. nepejiicoBi>? 

Oh% yacb H Tsnepb ce6fl qyBCiBOBajTb CKBepHo, no naA^^^cfli 
HTo HaflABHOBi 6yAeTb aobojiohi. 

A ciapuft npo^eccopb npoAOJUsajrb, BsrjuiAUBaH Kb ynopi 
Ha AoiieHia dauMH, npespHxejiBHO con^ypeHHUMH rjiasaiiH: 

— npHssaiocb, H nojiarajTb, no bu ho toako ycepAHU, ho 
H coofipasHTejibHu, no Kpaftneft Mipi nacTOJiBEo, qTo6u noHATB 
irbpy o6BHueHifi: h idftpy... rHnep6oji'b h ne BnyiuBaib Moero 
HMOflH. Ho OEasuBaercA, hto lyBCiBa Bainn Bfb HHROJiaK) Cep- 
r&H?y coBcivb ocjiinHJiH Baci... Tojibko axHirb h mosho oO^ 
flCHHTb ce&k HeyMiftpeHHuft tohi Bamero npoHSBeAemn... Bu ne- 
peycepACTBOBajiH, r. BepejiicoBb... ^epesi-^ypi nepeycepACTBO- 
BajiHl.. 

MoJiOAOft qejoBiRi uo6jiijs,Bi^3L'b^ Ran hojiotho. Gipue, pac- 
Bocue ero rjiasa cBepKnyjiH sjiuirb oroHbKOMii* Oh'b bha*]^ xo- 
pomo, qio noAitocTb, CA^JiaHHaH hub, ee tojibro ue 6yAen Boa- 
HarpasAGHa, ho hto enie na^b BHirb-se HSA^BaeTCH xon caMul 
qejioB^Kb, ROTopuS fiuji-b ero A6M0H0in>-HCRycHTejieMi». 

He nonpocH ero HaiAeaoBi, He naMeRHH o npo^eccyp'i, pasBi 
HanBcajib-6u owh CTaibio? 

H MOJIOAOft AOIieHTb, yHH2ReHHUft H OQJieBaHHUft, HeHaBHAiOTb 

xenepb otb sceft AyniH ciaparo npo^eccopa, ho sHaa ero chjoej 
H BJii^Hie, MOJiqa cjiymaji'b ocRoptfjieHiii. 

OAHaKO, JiHi^o ero nepBHO noAeprHBaxocB, h Rasb hh yBi- 
peHi 6UJLI HaftA^HOBi bi fiesHaKasaHOCTH CBOHX'b A^psocTefty 
TiMii He MOHie, dTO 6jiiAHoe jdu^o, bth BSAparHBaion^iH ry6Uy 
9TB B036ysAeHHue rjiasa HcayrajiH h ero. Okb BHA'&js'b, no sa- 
mejii cjiHoiKOH'b A&JieRO. Toro h tji^ah HapBembCH Ha A^psocTb! 

Uy BHesanHo cnycRan tohi, HaflAenoBi nporoBopHJi'b: 

— A BU, uojiOAofl HejiOB^bRiiy He HpHXOAHxe Bb OTqaHHie, qio 
HepBuft 6jkwwb BumejTb roxom^, h He 6yAbTe bi npeieHsiH, no 
H oTKpoBeHHO BUCRasajTb CBOO MH^Hie. BtA^ bu caMH oRasajiH 
Jiffb qecTb sejiaHieMb ysnaTb: AOBOJieHi jol h Bameft CTaibefl?.. 



166 PyCGKOB BOrATCTBO. 

XoTB H eio H HeflOBOJieErb, ho, bo BCARon cjiynai, xojiseHi npH-^ 
seaTB, ^TO 7 becb 6ujui Ao6pu£ HaH^peHifl... 

— EoTopHfl Bii-seBHyfflBJiH!— noxaBJueHHUiTB rojtocoiTbnpo- 
HBHecB IlepejiicoBi... 

— TiiTb npiHTH^e }U[& iceHfl, ecjiH tojkbko a A^ficTBHTeiBHa^ 
BHymBjrb exi... — ci Hp0HH?ecK0fl ycHiniBOft npoMOJiBEn Haft- 
xeHOBi.— Uo KpaflHoft irfipi, oAHHifb cepBesHuiTB ^ijAmesewb wh 
HajBi, HM^ioii^Hirb npaBHJiBHBie mrjuimj J Haci» fionme... Hy, 
xo cBHAamfl... HaA^iocB, coKperb Bamero asropcTBa 6yAen co- 
zpaHeni... H eiqe pasi cKasy oti's btomi pexaKTopy... 

Eorja nepejAcoFB ymen, HaBAeHOBicRasaji'b xaicepAHHepy: 

— 9Toro rocnoAHHa 6oj[bin6 HHEorja ne npHHHMaTB. Fobo- 
pHT6, ^To ueua AOMa H'In. IIoHHn? 

— CjrymaK), Bame npeBocxoAHTencTBO. . 

— A ecjw 6e8:b MeHfl npiiAen npo^eccopib Sapibranft, csa- 
SHTO eMyi HTO fl Ki» AByiTB qacan 6yAy AOMa h acAy ero. 

CTapHKB, xopomo SHaBniift 6uBniaro CBoero y^eHasa, ho cox- 
H^BajicJi, ^ro Ton CTpycHorB h btoS Hejiinoft craTBH m noTOMy 
HaBftpHo nocnimHTB npii&xaTB sb Heiiy c% oGin^aHHuirb bhbh- 
Ton. 

<3a nonyjuipHocTLH) roHflorcH, a TpycjDfHBi, KasB BcirEiS pyccKiftt 
rpaacAaHHHi! » — noAyxajrb HafiAeHOBi, HacMtnuniBO CKamiiBafl cbok 
TomdH fiesycufl ry6u. 



MojiOAoft AOiteHTb mejTb AOHoft, nojiHHft OTiaflak, npespj^^' 
His Kb caxouy ce6i h noHaBHCTH ki» HaftAeHosy, ROTopsA ero> 
HaBejTb Ha noAJKOCTb, h cam se sa bio ocKopSaui h hsa^- 

BBJICH. 

3tO qyBCTBO 8JI06iI 61IJIO T^M^ OCTplo H My?HTeJD[bH4te, ^TO^ 
OHO 6UJL0 6e8CHJ[BHO H HO MOFJIO pasptniHTLCJi MeCTblO. 

06MaHyTbifl Fb CBOHxi HaAesAaxi, ocirfeflHHuft h oueBaH- 
Hoft caHHn-se HCKycEiejieMii, ohb, ho CMOTpa na rpoMaAHoe,, 
vbHEO ToqHBinee ero caxojKiotiie, Bce Bucjiyniajt'b h ne MorbAase^ 
H Ayxaib 061 onuaii, ne pHCRys cbohmi nojioacenieMi h Auce 
Bceft CBoeft 6yAyntHocxbH)« Ma^ HaftAenoBii csjia h aBTopHTon. 

Bl yHHBepCflTeTl H Kb T0Hy-S6 Cb 60JIbIIIHMH CBHBHHH Vb MH- 

HECTepcTB^. Ohi yHH^TosErb AOiteHia npH MajiMmeft ero A6p- 
80CTH. Ohb sojui H 8jiionaMHteH!b e, qero Aotfparo, cairb-se bh- 
Aacn ero aBTopcTBo e oxpeqeiCE orb pojiH BAOXHOBBxejiir. 

Dpi MtlCJIH TOHl, qTO aBTOpCTBO erO HOSeTb OTRpUTbCE, 

ysacb oxBaTHJTb IlepejiicoBa. Ohi npEHaAJiesajrb ri^ rtirbjno- 
AHiTb, ROTOpue He npo^b coBepniETb raAOCTb, ho TOJibRO noAi» 
BejiEHaAmHiTb coRpeToirb. Y nero en^e ne 6ujlo i^EHEBMa OTRpo- 
BeHHOCTE, H osi» eii^e 6oiuicfl npesp^HiH hopeaohhuxi jiEDAeA.. 
Kasajiocb, nepeadbcoBib touro bi> bte HEHyiu hohaa bock 



•:r^.-.'v-i 



SPE^il. 167 

Bosopi cBoero noerjiuca. Bqepa, yue^eHHut paxysHUMH Mei- 
TauH, QH% He pasxyMUBajTb, qio j^aeTB, Korsa necajTb cboh) 
craTKfo. Ho ceroAHH oetb coseajTb, h imeHHO norouy, ^to ufhjihf 
]}8^m KOTopofl 6ujia cosepnieHa doaioctb, ho fiBuia xocTHrHyTa« 
HanpoTHB^, ero-2ce o6pyraj[H, xotii h ci jiAOBHTOCTbio npEsnajiB 
ero AotipBiH naifipeHifl... Obitb icepsaBi^eirb... Offb stA^ o?6hb 
xopomo QOHJijrb cuucn nociiAHHxi caon HafiA6H0Ba, (Jojiie 
ijirKixii no ^pMi, ho eAsa-Ju He ytfiftCTBeHHie ero pyra- 

HejiB&H A^se 6UJI0 ycuHHTB rojioca cob^cth yrimeHieiffB 
no6ib;^u ffjEE, no spaftneft Hipi, naAesAaiiH nacKopoe ocyn^ecr- 
EieBJe ero Heqw, h craiM flsjuuiacB TenepB nepeAi> hhhi bb bha^ 
6eduibjiSHofl FHycHOCTH, EOTopaa Mosen o6HapysHTBCH. A ovb 
fiojajica EMeHHO dToro. He Aftpon se ohi laKB Aoposejn mhA- 
Hieiiii KojuierB h 6ujn> TasB ycjiyauuBB. He HanpacHO-se ohtb 
c^HT&iiCA npHBepseHi^eiTK MeHBmHfiCTBa h HcspeHHO pasA'&juaurB 
BsrjiHAu 6ojiie ctuajihb£ixi> npo(|)eccopoBi. He BiyHi-se ohb 
cTapajcH pacnojioxHTB Kb ce6i cryAeHioBi? 

n BApyn; Bc6 dTH jooAH ysHaioirB, hto ohb oueBeiajTB npo- 
t|}eccopoBi} H HanHcaji'B Ha ehxi aohoctb*.. 

Oco6eHHO ero CMyn^aj[i> dapiiHBifi. RaffB hh BejiHKa 6uxa 
Kb Heuy saBHCTB HepejiicoBa, ho ohi ho Morb 3a6uTB ycjiyn, osa- 
saHHMxi> eny Sapt^HUMi, He MorB ne bchohhhtb, KaBB aobI- 
pqiBBo H Tenjio othochjich npo$eccop% bb CBoeicy 6iiBineMy 
yqeHHKy,„ 

Ctpax^ h 8xo6a otfyHAH neo^HTa npeAaTejiBCTBa. GipaxB 
(Shtb yjiaqeHHUiTB H 8Jio6a na cetin. Ohb, cuTaK)iiut ce6H ne- 
npHSHaHHUuB reHieiTB, yuHHi^a, npencDOJiHeHHiift ropAUHH, 6po- 
CHJiGH, ocjiiojieHHuft cipacTBH), Ha rpy6yio npHManKy, 6poin6H- 

HyfO 3TBM1» fCiapUlTB ABHBOJIOMBll 

Ohb 6hijn> BB 6ojii8HeHHO-HepBHOirb nacTpoemH HOAaBJieH- 
HOCTH H cTpaxa. Euy KasajiocB, ?to bcI yse ysnajiH tto 
cxaxBEo nacajTB ohb. H, ho^th rajUEioitHHnpyfl, ohb HCRajDiB do- 

AOSpBTeJlbHUXl BSTJUIAOBl BB OasaXB npOXOAHBDIHXl) H 0C06eHH0 

eTyA^HTOBTi. 

KaK-B sapoqHO na Ap6aTi ohi Bcrp^TajTB C^pyeaa. 

OffL nosjuoHHJicfl euy cb o6u^eo1l jiH)6e8HOCTBio h cb Taft- 
Hoft ipeBoroft BarjfHHyjTB Ha npo^eccopa. 

ToTB ocTaHOBHjicji, HO otfuKHOBeHlK), KpioKO HosajTB eMypyicy 
H EicKOJibKO ocHnmHHB nocjA Jo6njLesi rooiocoirB KHHyjTB: 

— ^BiajiH? 

HepejiicoBB cpasy AoraAajica o neirB pi^B, ho cdpochjtb: 

— ?T0? 

— ^a nacKBHjiB vh tCTapifiaiHX'B HsB^ciiflXB^? 

H aBTopB ero cb bhaoitb coBepmeHHiflmefi HCKpenHOCTH h 
AajKe CB rpHMacoft oiBpan^enia Ha jani oiaiTHJii: 



168 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

— ^HTajii. HeBosMossaji MepsocTLl 

— HaAO pasfSHaxB, kto aaxopii. Bipno, m^ 6BiBmHX^ aa 

— HaBtpHoe... Ho Kasi pasysHaiB? 

— SBeHHropoAi^eBB ysHaerb... OffB xoKa no nacn pasai- 

AUBHBijI. 

Ohh pasomjiBCB, h IlepejiicoBi Aase jcvhxwjjLCHj o6paA0- 
BaHHuft, HTo TaKb xopomo yiiieTB BjaA^xB co6ofi. 

Ho cjioBa C6pyeBa HanpaBHJiH Bci ero nomicjiu aa CBpu- 
xie cjAfiflffb cBoero aBiopcTBa, h ohb, BHi^cTO loro, qxotfu npo- 
AOJsaTB nyiB xoMofl, EAutuL-b HSBon^HKa H no&xajii Ha APyrot 
BOHeAi ropoAa, bi THnorpa^iH) raseru. IIo^th KpaAy^HCB, bo- 
mejTb owh vb noAikisAi) a Ao6BijrB cbok> pysoiiHCB on ^araopa 
THHorpa^iH, KOToput Bqepa hoilh) bha&k'b ero kb peAasi^iH. 
UacBMa Ha&A6H0Ba Kb poAaKiopy He cyn^ecTBOBajio. Ohi cauB 
Bqepa BffA'^jQi^> BftKB peAaKTopB pasop^ajTB hhcbmo H6pocHjrbero 

Vh EOpSHHKy. 

n MOJioAoft Aoi^eHTB ixajTB lenepB AOMoft, o6paAOBaHHBift, ?to 
pyKOHHCB y Hero bi KapnaHli. 

BofiAfl Bi CBOH) icajieHBKyH), HeyH)THyK> KOHgaTy, xoTopyio 

HaHHliaJTb OTB SREJLhUfimj OHl dpOCHJH pyKOHHCB Vb He^Ky H, 

KorAa jiBCTKH o6paTHj[HCB vb nenejii, b^bojibko ycnosoHJicH. 

Hhkto He ysHaerb o tohi, ?to ohi> cxbjL&jnb, h h^^tb yjH- 
uioniBX'B AOKyneHTOBi. HafiAOHOBy h^tb HHKaKoro pascHexa bht- 
AasaTB aBTopa, a peAaKTopB ne oTKpoeTB lafiHu, o coxpaHeniH 
xoTopofl HpocHJLB HafiAOHOBi. H HaKOHem, ecj[a6'B HaflAeaoBi 
H BUfl,AJL%y 0Kb cianeTB OTpHitaTB. Fa! AOKasaiejiBCTBa? 

Bee sasajocB lenepB ycTpooHO. 

H MOJOAOft ^ejiOBisB, hoai* BjuHHieirB CHJiBHaro nepsHaro bob- 
CysAeniji, h^ckojibko pasB nepeRpecTHJucfl cb bhaomb qejiortsa, 
H36aBHBinarocH otb onacHOCTH m wijib ceCi cjiobo 6osbme ne 
A^aTB noAo6Huxii noAAocieft, xoth BCjAxb aa bthub h yco- 
MHHjucii bb HcnojiHeHiB o^d^n^aHiH, ocotieHHO ecj[H6u npoACfa- 
BHjicji xopomift cjiyqaS naBd^pH^Ka nojiyuTB npo^eccypy. 



XYin. 

KoFAa Ha Apyroft achb, ^acoBB okojio couh, HaKOJiaft Cep- 
rieBH^B Sap'fiHHBift bxoahjub bb xopomo SHaKOuuft eay en^e co 
BpeiceHi CTyAenqecTBa o6inHpHuft Ka6HHeTB HaflAOHOBa, Ton 
cjierEa npHnoAHajKCfl cb Kpecjia u, noseiiafl pyay 3api^iHaro, 
nporoBopni'B nojiymynHBum tohoitb: 

— Hy, HTO AoroBopHjiHCB, jiK)6e3Huft Kojuiera? 

— To ecTB, KaKi AoroBopnjicfl?.. fl hh ao 'lero He AoroBa- 
pHBajDCH, ApHCTapxB HKOBjieBHqB*.. 9to Kasofi-TO MepsaBeAB sa 



r 



SPBX^. 169 



v^3 



neHH roBopEj:b,.. Bh pasBi He ^htrjih ceroAH^ Moero onposep- 
sefliji?— ropnio Bospasajii Sapi^uuft. 

— HBTaiii>, KOHe^Ho... OqeHB xopomo cocrasjieHO... Jl^a bu 
opBCA^it-Ka Jiyime, HeKOJiaft CepriftHq'b, h h6 BOJiHyftTecB... 
Cfoflrii'jija BOJHOBaTBCfl Hsi-sa rijnofl ciaiBH... 

~ ^a A H He BOJinyiocB,— BusuBafoqe npoasHecB 3apiq- 
Hufi, ycasHBaiiCB vh Kpecjio orojio crojia. 

— To-To H He cjniAyeri... A BcerasH y Baci bha>, Kairb 

(SyXTO, H^&CKOJTBKO B086y«AeHHUftl 

H BHHMaTejTbHo npHrjiiHAUBaHCB Kb HHBOJiaH) CeprfteBHHy h 
laiii^aH HB BupaaKeuH ero jtHii;a hto-to necnoKoflHoe s 60- 
jdteHeHHoe, — owb npH6aBHjrB Bce Tin me myTjiHBUicB tohoicb: 

— TSjol seHa nosypnjia? 
SapiHHufl rycTO noBpacH&rB. 

— Hh TO, HH APyroe, ApncTapxi HEOBJieBEHB. Mh^^ npocTO 

He SAOpOBHTCH dlH AHH, BOTB H BCel— OTBd^iaJTB HsBOJiaft Cep- 

rkeBH^i). 

— BojiBHO-HCB BaiTb BB 3pMHTaasi CHA^TB AO yTpa. 

— Bu H aro snaeTe? — ycMixnyjicH Sapiuuft. 

— H dTo 8HaH>, Kojuera. MocKBa b^ab cnjieTHBiia h paAa 
nocyAauTB, oco6eHHo TasHZB cbohzb jiH)6HMi(axi>, EaKB bu... 
Hy AE 9T0 Bame a^JIO— xotb h HeocMOTpHxejiBHO nopraxB sao- 
poBBe — a a BceTaKH noBiopio, ^to AoroBopHjiHCB bu ao Toro, 
HHKOjiaft GepriHHB... 

HaftAeHOBii HapoHHO CA^JiajTB naysy h Bzvsmjsb na 3apiq- 
Haro. CTapHKy tohho AocxaBifljo yAOBoncTBie nrpaxB cbhhmb, 
Kasb KomKa cb mbioibh), 

— Jl^a, qTo BU He KypHre... He xoTHxe-jiH cnrapy? 

Ho 3apiqHUft, SHaa CBynocTB cxaparo npo(|^ccopa, ox- 
lasajicH OTB cHrapu. 

— ?iux-se yroqaTB p^AKaro rocxH... PioiiKy BHna, ^aio? 

— H HH<iero He xo^y... H tojibko hto o6iAftJrB... 

— Hy, EaRx sHaexe... nacxanBaTB ne cxany... Mu h xaBB 
no6eciAy6irB... Si oqenB paA^, ?to bu ne safiujiH Moero npn- 
rjameHin h nosajiOBajiH; yA'&raBB cxapHKy qacxHi^y CBoero APft- 
roi(&HHaro BpeiieHH. 9 tojibko yAHBjiHJiocB, KaKB BacB na Bce 
XBaxaexB... 

SapfiHHufl nexepnijiHBO cjiyman axH yicuniJieHHO npasAHUH 
piu H, cxapaacB cspurB CBoe fiesnoKoScxBO, paBHOAyniHBuiB 
r'HoirB cnpocHJiB: 

— ^0 qero-se a AoroBopHJicfl, ApncxapxB HKOBjieBH^B, hh- 
^ ;)ecHo BHaxB? 

— AxB A&— H H 8a6ujrB, hoitb nanajTB, h qxo sacB aojubho 
^ ^ROJiBKO HHxepecoBaxB... ^oroBopHjDiHCB BU AO xoro, ?X0 UHi 
I ) Aaiie, KaKB Biepa, npHmaocB BacB 8aI^H^aTB... 

— OqoHB BaMB 6jiaroAapeHi>... HepeA^ KftMi> dxo? 



170 PyCGKOE 30rATCTB0. 

— Hy, pasyii^TCH, nepejrb HainHMi» HaiajtBCTBOifB. 

— 3a sasiH-se thsbIh bhhbi uena o^BHOflEDirb? 

— He xoraxuBaexecB pasBi? 

— npaBo, HiTb... RaaEeicH, ne coBepmajTb HB:^ero npeAOcyxs- 
TeiBHarol— nporoBopHJTb Sapiuufl Cb HanycKHOK) He6pesHacTbio^ 
uoAaBJiHii ^yBCTBO TpeBOFH, HeBOJibHO oxBaxHBinee ero. 

— 3a Bamy BHepamHioH) pAhb! 

— 3a piqB? Jifi pasBi oHa TpQ6oBajiia san^HTU mob piu,. 
ecjra TOJBKO ee npoqecTB ne bi nepeBpaHHoft peAaBAiH? 

— EcTB UHoro, ApyrB Fopai^ift, TafiHB... 

— O^eHB Aase KHoro, ApnciaprB flsoBjieBHTB, ho bto ym 
nepes^ypb. 

— He CBOpK). Ho A^O BB TOMB, JIH)6e3HKlft KOJUEefa, HTO 

Bu caMH noAaeie boboa'b o6paii|aTB na ce6A BHHMaHie 6oj[Binee,. 
^Au^ cjr6AOBajio-6£i bb Bamnxii cotfcTBeHHUXB HHrepecarbl— 
noA^epKHyjTB crapuft npoij^eccopB.— IIojioshmb, ^to ciaiBfl, tfjia- 
roAapa Koropoft RT0-HH6yAB n b'b caMOMB jsjbjA noAyMajTB fljni 
c^ejTB yAotfnuMB noAyMaTB, hto bbi onacHuft qejiOB^sB, nojto^ 
xnwby roBopH) fl, CTaTBA 9Ta A&flcTBHTejiBHO rjiyna... RcraTH^ 
BU He SHaeTe, rto aBTop'B aroft rjiynocn? 

— PiniHTejiBHO He SHaio. 

— H HHBoro He noAospiiBaeTe? 

— Hheofo. 

— Ho ecjQ[H6£i OHa 6ujuk HanHcana noyMHie h noroHBme? 

— Ho ^TO se BB Moeft p'fiqH mosho HafixH?.. Bk iHrajiB 
ee, ApHCTapxB JlKOBjueBH^B? — cnpamHBajrb, bhahmo TpeBoasacB^ 
MOJ[OAOft npo^eccopB. 

— ^TajTB h no8ApaBj!MH)BaeB..* Piu TajnanrjiHBaH h, tub- 
Hoe, snaeie ^to Mni bb net noHpaBHJiocB?— cb cairuMi cepBOS- 

HUMB BHAOMB HpOFOBOpHJI'B HaflAeHOBl. 

— ^TO? 

— OpsrHHajiBHaA nocTanoBKa Bonpoca o6b hcthhhomb re* 
poHBMfi... XoTB BamB BSTJiHjub Ha repoHSMB H pasHHTCH OTB Hpes- 
hbxb BamBXB bsfjiaaobb, ho nejiBsa He corjiacHiBCB^ hto HOBaa 
TOHKa spiHifl BecBMa ocTpoyMna, OTosecTBiHfl MHpHoe oTiipaB- 
jnenie npo$eccopcKHx*B o6H3aHHOCTefi, npn KasHXB 6u to hh 6fiuio 
B&iHiflXB, CB rpasA&HCKHMB MysecTBOMB. Hojyuft sajiOBaHBe^ 
chah cMHpHO H repoft. H Bory caiqKa h wpxy soqepra. Hy, a 
Mfii, perporpi^Bi, KOTopue ^aoMB Toase caMoe, ho oxKpo- 

BOHHO rOBOpHMB, ?T0 A^UOM^B dTO H8B-Ba COXpaHeHUi COtfCTBOH- 

Hoft mKypii,— KOHe^HO, noAJneniu. 9to npeocxpoyMHo, HHEOJiaft 
GeprftHTB, H o^eHB jkobro. Mosho, ocTaBaacB xaKHMH-aBe ^hhob- 

HHSaMH, HCHOlHJilOII^HMH BBJAmSl HaiajlBCTBa, KaKB H MU Fpi^IH- 

Hue, 6UTB BB To-se BpoMfl CTpaAajiBi^aMH sa HpaBAy BBuasax'B 

Hy6jHKH... TaSHMB THTJIOMB FepQH, HO DOKHAaBHiarO CBOO MfiCTO 

Bi Te^enie vpHAiiiaTH aiiB, bu m HarpaAHjra no^xeHHaro Ah- 



apE^H. 171 

Apen MHxaftj[OBHqa, nespHMO bobjioshjiih BiHon na cetffl x 
nonyxHO HarpaAHju repoftcKHirb dBameirb Bdtei cjiymaTejieft^ 
£0f optre Tose bIab repoflciByion, MysecTseHHo ne pascraBafleb. 
ci cBOHMi sajioBaHDbeirb. BnojiHt noHHMaio, qxo bei jaoctouhce. 
oBaipfi. Bama piqB hxb bhojih^ ctohm. 

Sap^qHuft 6ABa ycBA&ii vb Kpecjit, cjEymaji bth capRacxBh 
necsiB noxBajiu. 

BoBMyn^eHHuft t^itb, hto HaftA^HOBi npoxftJrb laxoe SHa^e* 
Bie ero pi^H, ohi nopBiBajica, tiujio, ociaHOBHTB ero h ne ocxa-^ 
HaBJiBBaiL'B. EesnojiedHol B^jsf> h PnTa noHBjia ero touo laRi-^ 
se. H C6pyeBi TorAa^ vb bbbhohi bba^, HeAapom HaBUBan m 
cetfB, H ero cbhhbaxh. H, HaKonem, pasBi, bb caMOin» x^kiA^ 
san^n^a^, bo ^to tiu he craio, KOMnpoMHCCb, ne roBopHjrB-jai 
0B% Vb CBoeft sacTOJDBHOft pi^H oTHacTB H TO, ^To Vb npoAHa- 
lApeHHO-OBappHicaTypeHHOMi bhaI nepeAaBan lenepB 08jio6jieH- 
HBift crapHKB? 

H SapiqHUft ao KOHi^a BucjiymajTB h noTOiiB OTBiTHjiB: 

— Mni ocraeiCA tijiaroAapHTB sa BaniH CBoeotipasBue kom^ 

njHMeHTU^ ApBCTapXB HEOBJUeBH^B, XOTA H He BHOJIHft MHOKX 

3acjys6HHue. 

— . He CKpOMHHqaflTe^ HHKOJiaft CeprieBH^B. 

— Bu cjiEmKOirB cy6BeKTHBH0 noH^jiH mok) piqB, ho rtin 
eme yAHBaiejuBEie, mo ona Morja hoabtb hoboab kb napeKa-^ 
HiBirb. 

— .S^pyrie, snaqHTB, hohhjuh ee o($B6KTHBH£e« Ho, bo bch- 
Kom cjiyiai, ecjiHtiu bu bb neft orpaHHqHJiHCB tojibko hbjio- 
semeMB cBoeft ocTpoyMHod leopiH vb HpHMtaeHiH eb A^flTejuB^ 

HOCTH K)6BJIBpa, TO EHRT0-6u H HO MOFB HpHApaTBCB. Ho BaiDK 
HaMeKH KaKBXB-TO MaJIOB^paXB H OTCTyHHHKaXB? BamH BK- 

CKypciH BB otfjuacTB jiHtiepajBHuxB (|)pa3B? 9to bu hh bo m^ 
H6 CTaBHTe, Aoporoft Mofi Kojuiera? — nacBiinijiHBo cnpamHBajrB 

HaflAOHOBB, BHAHMO T^maCB HaAB CBOHMB rOCTOMB. — HOJIOSHliB, 

BaMB f^a penjTai^H H3JiH)tijieHHaro qejiOBi^ica dTO nysHO, na 

RBAO BHaiB Hipy H nOMHHTB BpeMA B HpOCTpaHCTBO. . . B^A^ eCTB. 
JIIOAH, ROTOpue MOrjIH npHHBTB Ha CBOft cqeTB RJIHqRy OTCTyn- 

HHRa H, noasajiyft, HifijiH rjnynocTB o6flA^TBCB. 

tYsB H6 Tu jiH o6HA'6jiicfl1 — HOAyMajiB Sapi^Huft H nociri^ 
mxjrB nporoBopHTB: 

— fl Boo6nte roBOpBJiB. 

— Hy, pasyMd^eTOfl, BOoCme. He Morjin se bei laRB-TaRH 
pBMO HasBaTB oTCTynHBEOMB xoT£ 6u Bamero noRopHifimara 
lyry, ecjiB6ii h cqHTajiH ero TaROBUiiB, ^to, BnpoqenB, MeHH 

1CR0J1BK0 6U H He 06bA%JI0I— BSCOROHipHO BCTaBHJIB CTapHRB. 

He Ha myTRy BCTpeBosoHHuft Sapinnuft ohhtb npoMOJiiajTb. 

— n RpOMi TOrOy BiA^ CB HSB'^^CTHOfi TOHRH dp^HiH MOFJIH 
fiTH HenpBJIHqHUMB, HTO HpaBHTejIBCTBeHHUft HBHOBBHRB, RaRB^ 



172 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

^xyAeHTB nepnaro Kypca, noBadBiBaerb JiH6epajiiBH£ie KyEHuiH 
H8% KapMaHa. Bote Bci bth dEHBOKH h 6ujiih npH^HHofi Toro, 
qTo Ha Baci o6paii^eHO He ocofieHHo tfjutrocBJiOHHoe BHHKanie! — 
noA^epKHyjii> Hafi^^enoB'^, npeyBeJiEqHBinifi napo^HO 9Ty «H66jia- 
rocEJioHHOCTb» H cji0BH0-6u o6paAOBaHHuft yrneTaioii^HM'b ane- 
qaTarbHieifB, ROTopoe npoHssoAHJUH ero nyraionuH cjnoBa na ipyc- 
jiHByH) Haiypy Sapi^aaro* 

<Tbi en^e 6osbmitL ipyci, ^in a np6Anojiaraji'b!> iiOAyKaj[i> 
t^apHE%-npo$eccop%. 

M ci> otioApflioiiteft yjiu6Rofi npHtiaBHjn»: 

— H0BUH6 nyrafiiecB, HHKOJuaft CeprbHTb. 9, cb CBoet cxo- 
poHu, CA^ajTb Bce boshoshoo, ^Totiu samiHTHTB fiflBinaro CBoero 
y^eHHKa... KaKi» BHA^iTe, h OTciynHfiKH Moryn 6&itb He sjiona- 
HATHu!.. ycMixHyjiCH HafiAenoB'b. H a c^ez-b AOJiroirb pasiac- 
HHTB, qTO Bama pin, B^ cynpiocTH, hhckojibro ne oaacHa. 

SapiqHut Haqajiii, Cntjio, 6jiaroAapnTb, ho HafiA^HOBi ocxa* 
HOBEJi ero. 

— He tijiaroAapHTe. fl b^ab Bacrb san^H^ajTb ho esi uq- 
nuTb iiyBCTBib. A sHaere-jiH noqeiiy? 

— noqeMy? 

— noTOHy HTO c^HiaH) Baci» BHaion^HirB h AapoBHTUMi npo- 
4^copoirB, a yHHBepcHTerb nysAaeTca bi* TajnaHUHBuxi cn- 
jraxi!— nporoBopHjiT) HafiAenoB'b.— Hsi Baco^ Mon 6u h nopjiAoq- 
Hufl yqeHufi buai^h, ecjLE&b bu ne pasfipacuBajiHCbi ne y?a- 
CTBOBajiH BO Bcixi dTHXi TJiynux'b KOMHTerax'b, roHHHCB sa nony- 
jiHpHocTbK)... IIpHSHafiocb, A Bosjiaraji^b Ha Bacb 6osbmisi naAes- 
Aul — npH6aBHjrb CTapHBi>, ne A^povB nonsyioiitiftCH penyiai^ieft 
spynnot yqenoft chjiu h ao cexi> nopi cepbesHO paCoTaioiiuft... 

H Sapi^Hufi He Horb Hb kjwA He corjiacHTbCfl, ^to ynpeKs 
6ro 6fiiBiuaro npo^eccopa cnpaBeASHBu. Obtb ao CHX'b nopi ace 
^n^e cHOAaerb HaAesAu» h He Hosen AOBecTs ao KOHi^a CBoet 
SHHrE. A BOTb HaftAenoffb 6e8ycTaHH0 patforaerb, h paCoxii 
«ro 8HaqHTeji[bHBi. 

— 9 Aynaio sacicTb sa cbok) KBHry! — nporoBopurb ohi», 
roTOBbift Tenepb npeAaxbCfl nayqnHM'b pafioTain. 

cBi caMOHb jsjbjAy a&bho nopa, h rjiaBHoe cnoKoftff&eI>— MejibB- 
Hyjuo Bb ero rojiosi. * ' 

— H xopomo CA^jiaere... Hy a bch ara Hciopifl, noAHHiaji 

•CTaibeft, Ha drOIb pa31» OKOHqHTCH, no BCeft BipOJlTHOCTH^ OAHHm 

otiMCHeHieirb. BoJid^e cepbesHiixi nocjr&ACTBift, naA^iocb, He 
<5yAeTrb! 

— ^a B^A^ H He 3a qiol — BocuHBHyji'b SapiqHHft. 

n paAOCTHan noiKa HOBOJibHO SByqajia Bb rojioci o6paAO- 
saHHaro icojioAoro npo^eccopa. H ohb CHoaa noAynajTb, qio 
flaAO cepbesHO saHHibCfl nayKofi, orpaHHHHB'b pasHipu otfo^e- 

"CTBeHHOft A^HTOJIbHOCXH... BUTb MOSOTb, B-b patfort OH'b HafiAOTb 



spEi^u. 17 a 

fTimeEie vh nec^acTBH, ecm Pina He oxyMaercfl b ocTaBim^ 
ero... 

— Ho TOJiBKo saio Ban spysecEift coain, HvEOJiafi Cep- 
rtflq'b, noHHBTB, qio ocToposHOCx^ donrnM Ao6poAiTdu. Bu 
BrfcAB H caMH npoTiovbfjeTe «MyApocTB 3iiifl», TaiTb h npHiii* 
HHftre 66 Ha npaKTHBi cb 6oji&ineio ciporocibK), ^iwh TenepB. 
He ;utBafiT6 bojih CB06Hy opaTopcKOMy KpacBop^^ifo. 

II offb TonqacB BcnoHHHji'By KaKi jAtl A6CATB TOMy HasasB, 
korj» OHB 6ujn> na nocjiixHeMi Kypci, no HHTpHrairB, Kas^^ 
Torxa roBopBjui, caMoro se HaftA^HOBa AOJiacen'B tiiuTB yftiH 
OAHHi KbsbEulk H CHOCo^Huft Hpo^eccopi. 

— OqeHB, 3Ha6Te-jiB, npocTo. Buji'b TajaHTJiHBufl npo^ec- 
cojrB Sapi^Huft h Eirb 6ojAe bb yHEBepcBxert lajiaHTJUBara 
Hpo^eccopa Sapi^naro!— ycHixHyjnca HaftAeHOBi. 

— CoBciH^B npocTol — yj[Ei6HyjiCH H Sapi^Huft. 

— H Bu AyHaexe^ mo HHorie nsi BamHXB MHoroucjreHHUx'B 

nOKJIOHHHKOBB H HOBJIOHHHI^l CepBeSHO OHeqaJHATCH OTCyiCTBiOMl 

KB yHHBepcaT6i4 TajiaHTjuBaro npo^eccopa Sapiqearo? 

H TaRi KaicB npo^eccopi Sap^qnuft BOBce ne jiyMajTB t6h6pb. 

BOBMOIKHOCTH CBOePO HCqeSHOBOHijI, HpBBeAeHHOft CrapHEOH^B B'B. 

BMKh BXBXHoft HJuaocrpaiiiB, to h ne oisiqajrb na BonpocB Hat- 
XOHOsa. 

— HoEpHqan hIcbojibeo jHefi h satfyxyTB, yTinmBniBCB 
rtiTB, qio BBi6epyTB ce6^ BOBaro HAOJia ji^a ooKjioHeHiji h npo- 

! H8B6A7TB ero vb qHHB B8j[K)6jieHHaro qejooBisa. HonyjuipHOCTB 
y HECB, HHEOJiafi Cepi^Bq'B, ne oco66hho h saManqflBa, h b^ 

OpHBHaiDCB, yABBJIBIOCB, EaEl BBI, TaEOft yHBUft qeJIOB^EB, lasii 

yBjioEaeTecB oio h, pa^fl Hen, pBCEyexe cbobhi» noaoseHieM^^ 
8a6aBj[BBCB Bppoft BB OHBOSBiuK) H wb jiH^epajiHSMB... Heysejun 
BUy BB caHOBTB jijbjAj KSMs^^'^e, qio 9to h6 OAHa A^TCKan sa 
6aBa... 

SapiqHBift 6wL0 hoabbjicb, qTo6u OTEjianBTBCB, ho HaftAeHOBi^ 
ocraHOBBJi'B oro, 

— KyAa BBI TopoHBTecB, HBEOjiaft CepriBqi)) HoAOSABte 
BicKOJiBso MBHyTB. V MeBB ecTB Kb BBMiy He6ojii>nioe a'6ai](6, 
noMHflTe, B Bain» fobopbjl'b. 

— KaEB-Se, BOMflK). 

— BoTB BeHi B B xoqy cb BaHB BoroBopBTB B npBBjieqB 
KB B6Ky BB KaqecTBi TajiaBTjiBBaro noMon^BBEa... He JiBmBee 

pBtiaBBTB, qio A^o dTO MOBcexB opflBecTB BaMB o6obhi> xopo- 
ee B03Barpa»AeBie... B'bA^ bu, b nojuaraio, ae npoqB orb xo- 
>inaro 3apa6oTEa... Bame MBBBCiepcTBO ^bbbhcobb BipBO se 
J 6jiecTBii^eM'b cocTOBBia? — myijiBBO h, EasajiocB, se 6e3B yqacm 
< ipamBBaA'B HaflAesoBi. 

— npasBaiBCB, Be vb tijiecxan^eirB. 

— BoTB BBABT6. yqenaB npo(|)eccifl b6 oqeBB-To 6ajKyerb 



174 pyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

Haci vb MaTepiajuBHoiTB oTHomeHifl. Bon h b ejie-ejie CBOsy bohd[ci 
^a KOHi^aMHl — nosajioBajicfl HafiA6H0Bi>. 

Sap'bHHuft npo ce6si ycMixnyjiCii, cjnymafl bte xaj[o6u ckj- 
soro CTapHRa, KOTopuft hji&ii h A^HBrH H nojiy^an nn pas- 
Hurb xftcTb sajosaHBe, Koroparo jwiem ho nposHBan. 

— A jkinufi, KOTOpoe a saAyMan, secBMa neAypHoe h bu- 
roxHoe. 

Mojioxoft npo^eccopi noxospHTejiLHO HacroposHJicfl* 

— He AoraxuBaerecB?— cnpocHjTb HaftA6H0Bi. 

— PiniHTejDDbHo He xoraxuBaiocB. 

— fl Bam npexuraio 6utb mohitb coTpyxHEKoirb no cociaB- 
jieHiK) ynefiEBsa. QxHony mh^ bthih saiuiT&CH Hesorxa, ho s 
voBBMynacefifl o6injK> pexaKiuH) h oxotho nocraBJiK) CBoe hmh 
p^f>vb cb BamHifB. 

tJIoBKoI MhI BHaun, bch patioTalt— HoxyMajTbdapi^HBift. 

— %o se ^u He 6jiiaroxapHTe Bamero eraparo yqHtejifl, 
HHKOJiat Cepri^eBHTBl— BOCKjiHKHyji'b HaftxeHOBi. — Sair&TBTe, a 
Kb Ban o6paTHJiCH, a hh fb xoxy xpyroMy... G'b BaMH xo^y 
noA^HTBCH H HH CB vbwb 6ojLhme\ — myTH npafiaBBJii ohb. 

— OieHB Barn 6jiaroAapeH'B, ApHCiapxi ilxoBJieBHH^, ho... 
Sapt^Hut saMUCfl* 

— Kaxui TyTB MoryrB 5utb «ho». He noHHMaioI 

— Mffi, BHAHie-jiH, ApRCTaprb ilKOBjieBsq^B, bb nacTonn^ee 
BpeHH TpyxHo B8BTB Ha €e6H KaRyH)-HH6yAB pa6oTy. SI AOJiseanb 
t)KOHUTB CBOK) KHHry. H tios'B Toro oHa saTHHyjiacB, a u«b 6u... 

— ?T0 Bama BHHra?— Hexepn'^jiLHBo nepe6HjrB HaftxBHOBB. — 
Ona HOTepHHTB, Bama KHRra... H hto OHa BairB xftcrB... FponiH 
H jiHCToqeiTB UBpOBB... A yqe^HHEB npHHecerB xopomifl xoHBrH. 
A jsaBpu on aaci ne ytxyn... Korxa qejioB^KB otiesneqeffB, 
H xutrH jiyHme HHinyTCH... QqeHB npocHJiB-5fii Bac^B He oriuia* 
XUBan Hamero jifkjiA. Quo ueua oqeHB HHTepecyen. Bu, KOJia^ 
BaxoTHTO, patioTaTB Mosere ^Bicrpo. npHnaJurre, h kb 6yxyn^eMy 
roxy Mil KorjiH 6u nycran nami yqetiHHRi. 

— Bu o6paTHj[HCB-6u kb ilepejiicoBy, ApHcrapx'B flsoBJie- 
BHqi. Ohb CBo6oxeHB H, xpoMi lOFo, Hysxftercfl- ^^ Baaceicfl, 
owb OTjinqno cnpaBHJicfl-6Bi cb pa6oToft. 

— ?T0 xHft nepeiicoBil Obtb 6e8xapeHB. Hni HysHU bu, 
HHKOJiaft CeprtHqi!— pisRO npoMOJiBHJTB crapHiPB. 

Hy TOxqacTB-se CHHrqaa TOHiy, npRtiaBHji'B: 

— Bfii MOHH npocTO yxHBjiHeTe. TaKoe npexJtoseHie, h h 
nacB en^e xojiseH'B ynpaniHBan... %o cie sKaqHn? 

— Ho npaBO-ace uafb Hexorxa. 

CTapHKB HpHCTaxBHo BsrjMHyn Ha Bap^qnaro. 

— JijBL BBi HO BHUftre, ROJDuera, a roBOpHTe npflMo... B rvio, 
aenyrajiHCB, qio noTepaeie penyTai^iiojiHtfepajiBHaronpo^eccopa 
41 6oHTecB, ecjiH yqeCHBKB o6pyraK)n?.. Ban eoie ne Haxo'ftjLO 



spsmi. 175 

CBJC^TB memMj AByxi CTyjneBx? Taici-6u h CEasajra, a to <He- 
Eor;^aIi II sRaeTe-Jui ^to? Ban jierKO ocraTBca «h opeojii hs- 
jifD^iieHHaFo qejoBftsa h repoH. . Mosho e ho o6'b^BJiHTB Ba- 
oiero BMeHH na y^e5HHEi... SI opiffb 6yAy sHa^HT&CH aBTopoiTB, 
a CTb BaMH Mu cA'i^eiiib ycjiOBie o nojiOBHHHUxi 6apuinax'B. Ta- , 
EBMb o6pa^oiri>, a bojikh 6jxjt% cuth, h obi^u i^iu, ysi, ecjiE 

BLI TEEl 60HTeCb SaMOqHTb H0»KH!.. IIpH laKOt KOM^HHaiUHy Ha- 

;iiEoci>, f Bacb BpoM^ HafiAeiCH, JiK)6e8Hut KOjuiera! — Cb jsfl- 
8H1H010 yjLLi6KoS npfl6aBiijrb HaftA6H0Bi. 

ToMEHfl CB'Irb jiaMnfii noA'B sejieHuir^ a6aaBypoirB iiiinaii 
Hafl;(6H0By yBBAaiB, Kan notfjiiAHin HHKOJiaft CeprieBHqi, 
CTapaacb CAepmaTB CBoe HoroAOBaHie. 

— K^b comajiiHiK), H npH sToft KOKtiHHai^fl, y m6hh He naft- 
Aexcji BpeueHB, ApHcrapxi HKOBjreBHTb!.. — OTBiTHjrb 3api?Hbifi. 

— He HafljieTCfl?— nepecnpocHjii HaftsOHOB'b. 

— H*rb, ApHCTapxi flaoBJueBHTO. IIpocTHTe, wo ne Mory 
6fiiTb BaiTb nojeseETb. 

HaCTynH;io Monqame. 

Cxapufl npo(|^eccopb HicsojBKO MrHOBenift npHCTauHO rjifl- 
^jk'h Ha HBKOJiajf Gepr&eBHqa. 

— Eoaiecb, hto ysHaioTB, h qio Torja bbi npocjibiBere ot- 
erynBHKOHx h peTporpaxoiTB, BpoA:6 MeHB? — co sjiocTbio KHsyji'B 
OH'b^ OTBO^ii Bsrjfl;^. 

— 5oH)Cb nocTynHTB nponiBi ytiteAeHlE, ApHCiapx'B Hrob- 
jieaHqi). 

— B-b TaEoirb cjiyqai, npomy hsbhhhtb, qio ofipaTSJicfl ki 
Bans!— xojroAHo h BucoEOMipHO npoHBHecB HaftAeHOBB. 

H nocJL^ naysu, eABa cA^psHBaa raivb, npHtfaBHJS'b co CBoeft 
oCuqBofi capEacTBqecKoft ycicbinKoft: 

— SI nojiaran, qio bbi nocji^AOBaTejiBHie h He notfoHxecB 
lorHqecox'b oocjiiACTBift KOMnpoMHCca, o KOTopom laKi 6ji6- 
CT^n^e roBopBJiH na io6Hj[efiHOMi> ofiiA^— OEasBiBaeicfl^ qTO bu 
B en KOMopHMBccoiTB xoTHTo KOKeTHHqaTB. . . Bu y»e COtiH- 
paexecb?.. J[o CBHAaniH, EOJUieTa! 

Hf npiBCTaBan ci Kpecjia, OABa nporjiHyjrB pyKy h snaqH- 
TejiBHO nporoBopHjTB: 

— 2bejiaK) BaiTB ne pacBa^TBCH, ^to nocxynnjiH, sasib MajiB- 
qBniEat 

Sap^qsyfl lEOJiqa BHmejTB otb* Hero, noHEMan, hto TonepB 
latjieHOBi ero BparB. 

H oHii en^e 6oxie TpycEAi sa £Boe nojioseme. 



176 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 



XIX. 



Kor^a HHROJiaft GeprieeH^'B, npiixaBmn AOMot, noBBOHHjrb^ 
KaTH cipijioft 6pocEJiacB ki noA'bisAy, sarjiaHyB'B BceraRH na 
ce6H B'B sepKajio bi npnxoseft, h ToponJiHBo oiBopua xsepH. 

B'B npHxoxeft, cHHicaa myfiy^ OHa c% HisoTopoft a^^esia- 
itieft noHTHTejKBHDCTH HcnpaBHoft ropHHHHoft nocir]^Jia xojioshtb 
6apHHy, HTO Bi Ra6HH6rl ero AoacHAaetCH CTjjifiBTb. 
— Kto TaRoft? 

— FocnoffHH'B MexuHiteBi. GRasajiH, hto bh nasHaujui hhi 
ceroAHJi npHATH. TaKoft fiju^EHfi, xysod... 

— A 6apfiiHfl AOMa? 

— HirB-ci, yixajiH. 

Sap^HHOMy HeBCNiBHO 6pocHJiiocB B'B rjnasa, qio EaiflRaR'B-TO 
oco6eHHo merojsBCRH ceroAHfl OA'^Ta h BOo6iite HMien rorbtjui- 

BUft BBA'B Bl CBOBMl CBlxeiTB HiiaTbi H Wh diJdOlfB nepeAHHRft, 

CBisaHH pyMAHafl, ci npHroacBMi, BaAopmiinb jmi^oirB, cib qHcniMff, 
OnpflTHUMH pyRaMH. 

H oHi cnpocHJS'B, orju^AKBaji ee 6HCTpH]fi paBHOxyinHmi'b 

BBTJUiAOMi: 

— A Bu CO ABOpa, HTo-Jor, coCpajuHCB? 

— HeRaRi H^rb-CB... A bh noHeicy noAyMaora, 6apHHi? — 
CB HanycRHoft HaHBHOCTBK) cnpocHJua OHa, 6pocaa na Hero bhsh- 
Baion^ift BsrjiHA'B cbohxi nepmixi jnyRaBuxi rjotasi. 

— TaR^...— oxBinajTB npo^eccopi h bi xosce BpeiiH saiii- 
THJi'B TO, Hero npesAe He saMi^ajii'b, hto aia pacTopooHaa, 
ycjiyjRjiHBaH Kara onenB HeAypna co6oft. 

— A 6apuHfl AOMa? 

— HHRaRii H^T^-ci. YixajiH. FocnoAHHB HeBsroAHHi sa nniat 
oplissaji'L... npERasete noAaTB Batci naft ceft^aci hjih nocjri^ 
RaRi rocTB yftAon?.. 

— IIOTOMl... 

HHROJiat CeprteBBqi mejuiBiRaGHHerbycTanuft, ci pasBHH- 
qeHHUMH HepBaMH. AojRHAaBmiftcfl ctyAOHTb AaJieRO ho 6wch 
acejraHHUM'b rocreirB. 

He AO pasroBopoBi 6ujio 3api9H0My B'B ary MEHyiy, Aa eiite 

Cl» HeSBaROMUIfb HeJIOB^ROlTB^ 

Eny xo!rtjiocB no6uTB OAHOMy h o6AyicaTB CBoe nojioseme. 
B^Aiiii CBajiHBmiHCfl na Hero bi nocJi^AHie ahh, yrHerajiE ero H 
Rasajnicb eiiy ysacHUMH. Oco6eHHO pimenle Peth. Ohi Bce en^e 
He MorB npHATH B'B ce6fl, Bce en^e ne xot^ji'b BipHTB, mo ona 

OCTaBETl ero. OlBJie^eHHUft dlH ahh 6e3H0R0ftCTB0Hl> HO noBOAy 

ciaTBH, OHi Ha BpeKH safiuBajTB ceMeftHOiTB pasjiaA'i^, ho RaR'B 
TOJiBRO HonaAaJii AOicoft, ioicjih o neiTB Azss, bi roJiOBy h ny- 
HHTejiBHO Tepsajra ero cepAi^e. Ohi BcnoMHHajrb o nocjiiAHeici'* 



r 



XPEipi. 177 

pasroBop*! PhAz h xajnin ce6fl. 9th xsa kbla oHHHe BHsaoracB. 
PHTaae BHXoviJia hsi CBoeft KOMHam h bo Bpexa o6iAa yxoAua. 
H, BAoCaBOKi, Ko Bceiiy dro npejpioseHle HaftjieHOBa, onan on 
ROToparo rposHJTb cepBOSHmcH HenpljnrHocTJiMH. 3apiqmift xopomo 
sHaii'b OuBmaro CBoero yarejui. Osb sHajcL, ^ro owb ne npo- 
cTBTi any OTRasa orb coTpyxHHHecTBa. 

SapiHHUft yace bi rocTHHHOft pimBJonb, hto nonpoom ciy- 
AOHTa saflTH vb xpyroft pasi, vh 6ojA^ yxo6Hoe Bpexa, a cam 
cA^aen nonuTRj — HanHmerb nHcmo Pnri, vh KOTopoirb... Ohb 
caM^b H6 snajTb bi 9tj UHHjiy, hto Hammen eS, ho eiiy Kasa- 

JIOCB, HTO OH'b JLOHSaeWb dTO CA^axB... 

Ho y HHROJvaa CeprteBna ho xBanuio pinnncocTH oinpa- 
BHTB Henpl^THaro rocTJi, sorxa ohi BomejTb bt> Ka6HHen h jbh- 
AajTb 8Toro HHsesBRaro, Cjnixnaro ciyAOHTa cb 6oshuaanL nep- 
HUMH FJiasami, joouopaAOTOO (SjieciiBniBMn hbi rjiy6oRHxi Bna- 
AHHi. 3xicB, vb nojiycBiri RafiHHeTa, ocB^n^enHaro Jiavnoft nox^B 
6oju»niH]rB sejorenHn ^aSasypoiTB, axon BCROHHBmift h, KasajcocB, 
coBciiTB pacrepflBinlftcfi mojioxoA hojsob'Ir'b Rasajuca emfi 6jAxpiey 

60Ji'ft8HeHHi6 H SaiHe, l!kWb Bb yEHBepCHTOTCROft ayABTopiH Vb 

CBoeiTB BeTxovB CK)pTyRi H xyAurB canoraxi». Gjiiobho-6s cifepTB 
yse B^JiJia hbai 9toA icajienBROft ^nrypROft ex BAaBJieHHOft 
ipy»K). 

OxBaqeHHHft sajiocTBio, SapiHHsft hobojibho BcnoMHHJTB xy- 
jieHBRoe, noHTH jiiTHee nameAO ciyAeHxa, BHciBmee na B^majoci. 
H B-b HeicB oHi npHmejTB vb upecRy^, xBaitaTHrpaAycHKft ko- 
posi. H sacTaBJUTB ero npixoxHiB en^e pasi. dro 6iu[o-6u xe- 

CTOKOl 

Sf, npoTflrHBafl CTyxeHTy pyRy, HHROJiaft CeprieBHTB hsbh- 
BHJicji, HTO BacTaBHJTb 610 sg^axB H, ycaxHB'B ero B^B Rpeoio, 
npex^osHJii eii^ naio. 

CiyAeHTB HcnyraHHo h BM^crt cb rhrb pimviejiBBO OTRa- 
sajucfl. Ohi ho xoHen, Ohi^ tojibro ito murB naft. H oH^BBOoCn^e 
H6 jnoCflrB Hafl* 

E, BHABifo H^iTB-TO BSBOJiHOBaHHuft, nopuBHCTO nporoBopHjrB: 

— A He saAopxy Baci, rocnoARKB npotleccopio. flceftnacB 
xe AOJiaceHi yftTH... Co6cTBeHHo roBopa... nsBHrnnre, r. npo- 
^ccopi... H 6yAy Cb Baim tobophtb otrpobohho... ^a RaRi-se 
BHane h roBopaiB? 

— noxajiyftcTa, .roBopHie, y MeHfl Bpeiui octb. Bu b^a^xo- 
rkmy r. MeAuni^eBi, nocoB^TOBaTBCJi na chotb rhhfb? 

— Jlfi. H Ha CHon RHHrB, h BOo6n^e noroBopHiB... yacHETB 
BiROTopHO Bonpocs, ROTopue xeHfl ify^arB na cnerB npaRiHHe- 
CRoft Al&aTOJiBHocTH, paspimHTB coKHink... Ho Ji TonepB He sa rbwb 
QpHmejTB... Bh npocTHxe, noauuiyftcia, ji AOJURenrB nocoBicTH roBO- 

PBTB... S, BBAHTe-JIH, HpHHieJI'B TOJIBRO HOTOMy, "HO O^H^aJTB, 

HO H He zorbjib bath... Hepep^rnHJirB... 

Ji 9. OTB*Jra f. 12 



i 



178 P7CCX0E BOrATGTBO. 

Ohi^ ToponHJicfl roBopHTB, saxHxaicji h naxoRemh daRamxuof, 
CesnoMon^o npHxnicafl cboh TOHide, tohho BocsoBue, namm 
Kh rpyAH. 

SroTb rjiyxoft KamejuB cb KioRaiaHieirb bi rpyn npoxoJi- 
sucfl ci AoCpyK) MHHyry. Sapi^Hiift noxajn CBoeicy foctk) cra- 
saai BOAU H ynacTJiHBO nporoBopiurB: 

— Jlja Bu He BOJiHyftTecB, r. MejpiHi^eB'B. He TopomrecB, 
paAK Bora... Bs Mena hhcromro He saxepsHBaere... y xeHfl 
Bpeirfl ecTB. 

— 9to ceftnaci npoftxen— Bon h nponuio... Go6cTBeHHO 
roBopfl, aTon KamejiB... Y MeHH naxoTKal — Bxpyn nporoBO- 
piijii» i/Levmnewb h Kaici-TO sacrtHHHBO yjEuSHyjucfl, cjiobho-6h 
HSBHHflflCB, HTO y Hero ^axoTBa, H OHi ne Mozen ne KanuuTB. 

Ohi BinnuTB CTaKBHi BOAu, MHHyTRy nepexoxHyjTB h CHOBa 
TopOHJOiBO H B086y2CAeHH0 saroBopHJrB, rjEHXfl Ha SaplnHaro hohth 
wb ynopi- 

dn 6oJiBmie ^XHue rjiasa rjisjslksK na npo(j^eccopa crporo, 
nuTJiHBo H Bii Toxe BpeMfl CTpaxaJiBHecRE. Bi Hxi Bsrjiflx^ xe- 
nepB yxi ne cb^thjiocb Toft 6jiaroroB%ftHOft BOcropseHHocTH, sa- 
Kaa 6ujia, fiorxa MexuHi^eBi rosopHJTB cb HflsojuaeMi Ceprie- 
BHieiTB Bi yHEBepcHTeri. 

H OTB 9Toro CTporaro npoHHSHOBeHHaro B8rj[flx& HecHacTBaro 
6ojiBHoro cryxenra SaplqHiift neBOJiBHo HcnuTfiiBajrB RaRyio-TO xy- 
meBHyio CMaTeHHociB, tohho bb neitB-TO BHHOBaTsril. 

— n BOTV, BCJ[%XCTBle TOFO, HTO Hepep^OIEJrB, fl H HeXOT&DTB 
HXTH Kb BaiTB, T. HpO^eCCOpi. 

— %o BaiTB sa^iora HasHBaTB.iieHJi rocnoxHHOirb npo^- 
copoiTB 8xicB y ifeHfl jS)U9k. HasuBaftre Mena no hkohh. A aaRib 
Bame jnua h OT^ecTBO. 

— BopKCB 3axapoBHTB.«. 

— Ho noHeMy^a^ bh nepepinnum, BopHci Saxapim? — 
cnpocHjii, no^exy-TO noEvzaa rojuocB, 3api?sBift, n^ qyacTByii, 
HTO HesoJiBHO RpacHieTB nox^ 8thm:b cepBesHHm rjy6oRSirB 
BSrMXOEB tonofsof. 

Ha HTHOBeHie RpacRa sajnuia MepTBeHHO-6jr6xHoe jlwho Me- 
XUHKeaa. BupaxeHie; rj[y6oRaro crpax&HLi cb^thjiocb wb ero rur 
saxi. GifynieHHaft xo hojibsa, ohb, RasajiocB, nepesnajTB m- 
Hyry xynieBHOft 6opB6£i. 

— Hoqeiiy nepepinnuTB, xothto bu snaTB? — ^nepecnpocEn 

OHl HaROHei^'B. 

— Aa. FoBopHTe. He cricEHftrecB, npomy Baci. 

— (S He crtcHflK)CB« H H npEinejrBy HTofiu oO^bhchhtbca. Ho 
MHi caMOify TflsejTOy 6oji[bho, o6hxho1 

Ohb noMOjraajTB, cJioBHO-fifix co6HpaflCB cb cHJiam, h rono- 
comb, xposanitHM'B otb BOJineHlH h nojmHiirB tocrh, co CJiesaiCR 
Ha rjiasaxi npoxojuxajrB c% hopbibhctok) CTpacTHOCTBio: 



I 



XPBipi. 179 

— H Tan 6emp^j^E0 ysaxan m jao6mn Baci, Hmo- 
jiafl GepriHTb, tto fotobi Chib iiojioxhtb aa Baci xymy... S 
roBopB), B^pBTe MH& BamH JieRifbi 6£uaixu iieHii OTspoeemeicB h, 
TSKB CKasan, muiftiajiE XHi CjfjrnfA SHSHeHHiit iryiB. Owb 67- 
XHJiHMiicjiB, sacraBJUum paCoraxb k BipiTB bi HAeajoi. fl mojeuch 
Ha Baci. H BHAtob bi Bacb npo(j^eccopa, vm ROToparo HayKa ho- 
pasjc&aHa ci CHJioft jdiMffiEla. Bh cjljxmsb weA upmApowb. 
Bh nowepsHMJOi BO MH% 6oApocib K Bipy vb TopsecxBO 

DpaBSH... 

MeffHHiteBB nepeBen xyrb h npoAOAxasB: 

— H B^Kpyn... Bxpyn ara aama piH&... dron nprauBBKB' 
xonajuHCTBy . dro BocxBaieHle ROMnpoxHcea, bo no 611 hh crajio. •» 
Ha Jienpjnc'B b^xb bh ho to roBopnjH.*. 0, Tochoah! Sanftiis 
BH cKasajor sry piHB? 3a hto bh saciaBKJOi ho b^phtb BawB 
H— npocme — ho yaazaTb Bacb... HeysuH-se Bama pi^B tinjora 
BCKpoHHa? Tor^a KOMy se b^pbtb? — Ilpo^eccopy Hjra opaiopy? — 
novH KpHKHyjiB, saxHzaacB, Me^uHAeBB h cjhobh xjraHyjm ras 
«o nasB. -w 

H, cipaHHoe ff&iio, 3ap%^HHS ho rHftBancflsaBTy cTpacTHyx> 
lA^B, xHinaBniyB) HCKpeHHOcteio h tockoS Bocropsemaro ^ecr- 
Bare lOHoniH, paso^poBaBmarocs bi y^HTeni, Roroparo 6oroTBO- 
puTB. CipamHo caicojiK)6KBUt, HHROJsaft GoprioBEHB j^zxe ho 
ECDUTUBaiB 60JH 0CRop6jieHHaro canoJooOifl h ho HHiaicfl ot- 
HecTHCB RB ^ajiHniiHRi MexHHiteBa cb BucoROirtpBUifB npespiHieiE % 
HenoHflTal'o HOJioBiRa. 

BvsHico noTpflcoHEHft BTHiiH cxoBam iDHonm, npo^eccop'B 

tfOlHaJTB. 

H 8T0 KonaHie, v rpycTHHft bhxb SapfeHHaro ckyruH ciy- 
leBTa. 

H OHi nopuBHCTo oporoBopHJiBy yTHpaa ciesaft 

— 0, npocTHie iieHii, HHROiaft Cepriro... JI nosBOJitun 
ce(S%... Ho ocjihSb bh 8HaJoi.«. 

— fl He cepsycB, — icflTRO, hotth hIsho ocxaaoBHjrB ero 
3apiqHHft... — 9 noHHuaK) BacB... 

Korxa cTyxoHTB ymeiB, Bap^HHft ff>j[ro eiofi cex^^jib neno- 

J(BBSH0 8a miCBMeHHUMB CTOJIOMB. 

Ohb HeBOJiBHO npHnoMHHaiB dTE cTpacTHHe ynpoRH konoxoft 
AymH, H CB HHicB npoH8omjio hto-to ocoCoHHoe. 

OffB H6 CepAHJUCH H H6 O^HA^JKCfl, B BB OpHJEHB^ OXBaTHBHieflt 
TOCRB, BB RaSAOMB CJIOBI dTOFO 6iSHflrH, CTOflBmaFO OAHOft 

roft BB rpo6y, HyBCTBOBajiB ropBRyro npaB^y h cboh) BHHy 

^peAB HHHB. 

<H nepOAB HBMB'JFH OAHHlfB?» — HpOHeCJUOCB BB TOJIOBI J 

o$eccopa. % 

12* 



180 PyCCSOS BOriTCTBO. 



XX. 

^acoBi oKOJio oxHHaroara Maprapna BacHueRHa sepHyjiacb. 
XOMOft. Oh Heft 6Hjrb HeBsroABai. 

Bi jipRO ocBin^emoft npHxoseft Kara noj^odpraeuHO orju- 
XUBajia o6oionb. JLwfi MaprapHiu BacEJoeBHu xasaiocB eft Boa- 

6j3iffiEBUWb 

— noxaj^ftcTa, Eaifly caMOBap!b nocKopift. 

— CeftHaci Cyjeri roiOBi. 

— A Bu HKHxe laRi pane hsi rocieft?— uckobo cnpocKjm 
MaprapHia BaouMBHa, oCpazHBi BEncanle Ha n^erojieBaToe^ 
HpasxHHUoe njuiTBe ropHH^HoS. 

— H He xoffura co SBopa, 6apiiHfl. 

— ^TO laai? PasAyMajiH? 

— PaexyiiajBfa. 

— Hxenre, BacHJdft BacuneBH^, ko mh*!! 

H cb 8THMH cjnoBaMH MaprapHia BacnneBHa npomjia ^pesi- 
rocTHHHyK) wh cBoft xajieHBEift Ra6HHerb. 

Kara noCtoajia Bnep^ni, hto6% saxeHL Jiaiuiy. 

— TaKi oiesb npocRyHan na Hamen coCpaHlH, Bacndft 
BacHJiBHTB?— cnpamHBajra SapinHaa, onycTHBHiHCL Ha XHBaob h 
oQpaBJUifl CBOH c6HBmiecji no^b manoHKoft soJiozHCTHe bojioch. 

— nopJiXOHHO niKH. 

HeBBFOxHHi saRypHJTb nurapocRy h, ycasHBaac& B^xajieHE- 
Koe Rpecjio, npoAOJtsajDfi: 

— BjiaroTBopHTejiBHHfl wum Bamero nonevxejiLCTBa HanoK- 
HHoor ifHi coc^AKy sa o6isou!b na loCuei RocHitKaro.*. TasB- 
se 6ojnj[BBU h cb Tasmrb-se caicosoBOJKBHmrB aHiiOM6o]rb ro- 
BoparB nycTaRaxi. 

— H a Ha BacTb npOHSBejia TaRoe-xe BHenauiiHie?.. 

— Bs xoTB 6ajEH JDraROHHqHU, MarapHTa BacHJaeBna! 
Kara, HaMipeHHO aojeto nonpaBJKflBmafl a6axypi, cj^maiia. 

BO Bcb yniH. 

B'B ea JiyRaBiiTB Teimuxi rjKasaxi, ocTpiixi RaRiyuimeHRa^. 
CBepRHyu ycMimRa, h ohh cHoaa nexoBip^HBO CROJiiBSHyjm no 
MaprapHrt BacHJDBeBHi. 

<Bce-TO TH BpemBl» roBopum, RasasocB, rjiasa ropHH^Hoft. 

Ofla Bunma hsi ROMHaTsi, hjiotho saiBopHffb XBopn, nnmr- 
Hyjia wb HpHxosyio h onyxa 6irom nofiiauuia Kb jioKbisgj. 

OiBopHBi XBepH» ona cnpocHJia nsBosuRa, croABmaro y hik 
hojih: 

— Th ceftHac!b npHBesi 6apuHX) cb 6apHH0irb? 

— fl caimfl. 

— OiRyxa Tu ETb npHBesi? 

— Co CroxeHRH. 



SPEI^I. 181 

— G% ynipi nocaxui? 

— Hin, sacaiKa, un xona bbajtb. Onysa icHoro 6apiiHb 
BHZOffTJio. A TH ^ero pascnpaniXBaeniB? Ha HaoR'E, hto-joi, roc- 
noxa Bucjian?— cnpocHJTB, cirtflCB, hsbobhhki. 

Barfl OHcrpo CKpuracB bi xBepH. 

Ofla BOBBpanjiacB Ha RyxHio h ctasa pasorpiaaTB cavoaapi, 
ne coBciiTB xoBOJDDbHafl, HTO ea noxospima o tiapunil k HeBsro- 
fwi He noATBepsHJucB. Ona 6fiiJiia yBipena, hto ccopa, h, no- 
Bajpncoxy, cepBesHafli Hes^y MyxeMi k sohoS, BHnuia HSB-sa 
fieBaroxHHa. Ohh jiaBipHO BJceoCjieHU xpyrB vh xpyra^ ^otb k 
OTBOxan jDoxflVB nasai h orroro CUfpsA HHKOJiaft CeprtHHB 

^^OCUHB BB Ra6HHeTB. 

cHanuna xTPft Ha Koro npoiiiHinB!» — noAynajia Raxji, rop%B- 
mafl sejousfleMB otrputb rjrasa HHKOjraio CeprleBHHy, mio6u ohb, 
no Kpaftneft nipt, ne MyHHJica nanpacHO. 

H ceroAHfl, sorxa nocjii o6iAa npiizajTB HoBsroxEHB h ymeaB 
Biribcrt CB MaprapHTOft BacHjaeBHoft, Rau hohth He coMHiaa- 
jiacB, HTO OHH oinpaBHiHCB Ha latHoe CBHA&Ble. ORasuBaeicfly 
OHH, x^ciBHiejiBHO) 6wa BB HOHeHHTeJiiBCTBi. KanH He pasB TaMB 
<IiiBajia. 

BnpoHeMB, o^HaHynifl HOAOspiHlfl ne noBOJie6ajiiH eayBipeH- 
HOCTH BB TOMB, HTO MaprapHTa BacHJDEBeBHa BJiiofijieHa BB Heas* 

XHHa. Eft O^eHB XOT&DIOCB, TC06b dTO 6UUI0 TaRB, H HT0611 MySB 

o5i 8T01CB ysHajuB. Torxa nepecTanerB ona BaxHHHarB h cipoHTB 
H8B ce6ji HeAorpory. He Jiynme, mojtb, APjnixBl 

HoRa RaTJi, saHHTafl dTHira coof^pasernHMH, noHepnHyrmniHn 
ea HaQjDOAeHlft bb Teneme jificamibrRsro npeCuBanie bb aojix* 
HOCTH ropHHTOoft, HaRpuBau BB CTOJiOBoft Ha CTOJiB, MaprapHTa 
BacHJiBeBHa, BHesanno opepaaBB p^hb cbohxb SjiaroTBopHrejiB- 
uuTh HJiaHaxB,BB ROTopue OHa nanajia, 6ujio, nocB^niiaTB Heaa- 
roAHHa, snaHHTejiBHO np^OBopHJia: 

— Ay HOHH HOBOCXB, BaCHJrift BaCHJIBHTB. 

— Hoboctb! KaRan? 

— fl paczosycB cb icyaceHBl 

EaRB-tiu OHB o6paAOBaji[ca, ecjiiH6B MaprapHTa BacHJiBeBHa 
«oo<$n(HJia OMy 3Ty hoboctb foxb Tony nasaAB. A TenepB ynero 
xoTfl H 6ujL0 ApysecRoe ynacrie rb HexoB-iRy, shbhb ROToparo 
HeyAaHHO cxoacHxacB, ho, rxaBmorB oCpasovB, bb neiTB 6£un> 
BosCyxAeHB HHcaTexBCRift HHTOpecB. Ohb ero xopomo cosHaaajiB, 
BsrxiiABiBaH 6e8B Majriftftniaro BOXHenia na xpacHBoe xhi^o RorAa- 

TO XH)tiBM(ft JReHH^HHU. H, RB TOMy-Se, OHB H^CROXBRO CROHTH- 

HecRH oTHeccH RB dioft HOBOCTB. He pacxoAHXBCB-jRe OHa paHBine, 
OTAaaaacB Hexio6HifOMy cynpyry. OT^ero-xce TenepB pacxoAHTBCx? 
H paAB Roro? KaaceTCH, 6apHHBRa hhrofo ne xh)6htb? 

Txasa HeasroAHHa qyTB-nyTB yxii6axHCB, RorAa ohb nporo* 
BopuB: 



182 PyCCKOB BOrATGTBO, 

— On synm nosxpaBJiaio Bac!b, Maprapna BacsjEKeBHa, ci> 
Xo6pHirB HaxipeflleMiI 

— 9to h6 HaiiipeHie, a pimemel — BocKJuncnyjia Kosoxaa 
xeHnpma.— CjmniETe-jai, pimemel A bs, a bu^, ho BipEiet — 
pawQ)ajReflHo npHCaBHJia MaprapHia BacHJOiesHa, caifOJi]o61e bo- 
Topoft 6ujio CHJiLHO saffiTO H HeAOCiaio^HO, no oa MHifidio, ro- 
pauifi OTHomeHleMi HeBsroxima kb cooCn^OHHOMy $aKTy, Hero* 

HQXOBipHHBOCTIiIO Kb Ofl pimeHlK). 

cOfli BnpaBi He BipnibU — noAynaJia ona b% cjritjmmd&' 
MTHOBeHle. H KpacRa ciHAa h xocaAu sajiHJia ea h^okh. Eft Bxpyrs 
GA^&JiocB o6hxho, qio oHa saroBopHJia o6i» dtowb ci HeBsroxH- 
rami. Offb jsfkMw He TaRoft ea xpji^y Kaic!b eft npexAe sa- 
aaiocB. 

n OHa noHTH cyxo KHHyjia: 

— BnpoHeiTB, B^pBie hjdi ho BipBie, eio Bame x^jiol 
— ' Aa BH He cepxHTOCB, MaprapHTa BacBuiBeBHa. 

— fl He cepsycB... 

•— nojiHoie... GepxHiecB... A en^e yMHuft HejuoB^K^b! 

— npHHevB lyrB ym? 

— Bu He^OBOJIBHU MOHMH CJIOBaMH... Baicb HenpeM^HHO X0-- 

TiflOCB-Cu CAumaTB Bi hhx:b nojiHyio Bipy kb to, hto bu csa- 
sajiH?.. Ho HOAyMaftTe, BHHOBarB-jiH h, hto axoft Bipu iskrb. 
Hjdi bu xotbto, hio6u a jirajTB?.. 

— fleioro He xony. 

— TaKB cepAHiecB, kojih xothto, a a jnnnB lorna noBftpK> 
BameMy pinieHiK), Rorxa bu pasofixeiecB... 

9th caoBa BsopBajiH MoaoxyH) xeHH^my. Ona nonaaa npn- 
^HHu HesoBipia HoBsroAHHa h, B08MyH(eHHaa no ray6HHusymH^ 
c,K ayay ft; 

— £[ He pacxoxycB ceft^acB, ceroxna toabko noTOMy, hto 
Mjxb ynoaaJTB hoaosmtb nicEoaBRO ^eiceQH. He Moraa-se ot- 
KaaaTB OHy bi btoitb a, BHHOBaTaa nepe^B .mm. Ohi^ moxotb^ 
Bone^HO, AJHaiB, hto a zwb saiocTH e'b newy nepepikayHocra- 
HycB ero xenoft, ho bu, KaEi x^nieTe ne b^phtb mh^, pasi a 
BaiTB roBopK), hto ocTaBaaio Mysa... Han bu TaRoro CRBepnaro 
HH^Hla seHH^HHaxi, hto He AonycRaeie, hto6u xeHH^HHa Moraa 
hohhtb bcio MepsocTB CBoero saMyacecxBa... Han BUffyMaeTe, too 
MeHa nyraerB nepcHORTHBa OAHHOiecTBa h TpyxoBOft acHSHH? 

HoBroAHHii Tepo&iHBO Bucaymaai dTy ropa^yio THps^ty e^ 
HH?ero He oTB^THai. 

— ?TO-si BU MoaHHTe? HaH h xenepB ne BipHie?.. 

— CaoBaiTB a BamHirB B^pio, ho... 

— Ho HTO? — ^HerepniaHBo nepe6ffaa MaprapHTa BacEaBOBHa. 

— HosBoaBTe hk6 noRa ocxaTBca OoKOft HOBtpHuirB... B^a^ 
HflRoaaft Cepr^Hi sacB ohohb aioCnrB* 

— Ho a ero ne aioGaioI H a axo OMy CRasaaa B'lepa. 



SPEipi. 183 

— A ecn OHi He coBJUwierb co pBoeft crpacTuo... 

— droro 6iiXB He Moxen... 

— OxBaKO? 

— SL noMO'iL He nary... 

— Ho noxBscbib Moxere h nosartere, KoneHHO? 

— nojioxmcb... ?TO-si> juuiLme... K'b ^euj bu droBeAere? 

— A ecjTH nosajDAere, to, nosajnyl, hho ocraBHreero, ecjra 
se noJnodHTe Koro-HH6ysb Apyroro. 

^ H 6yAy OHflTb ero jROHoft, xoTKre bh CKasaxB? — Hero- 
xyion^ cnpocHJora Maprapnra BacEJCbeBHa. 

HeBsroxHVb fijiaropasyicHO npoKOJinajTb, k nepesib HHHyry 
Manco saiiiTHjrb: 

— XjssBh He TaK'B npocia, RaKi Kaseica, Maprapara Ba- 
cHjnbeBHa, h neiOBin ho BcerAa nociynaen Tan, RaKi eicy xo- 
nercfl... H BU npocTHie, ecju a pascepAHJH sacB... YbuI Ha 

MBi KaiCOft-TO pOKB CCOpHTBCfl X&SO CI APySBAMH... Ho HO- 

Bipue, fl HCKpeHHO 6yAy paA'B, ecju bu o6ptTeTe cnacTBe xora 
6hl m> Bameft jra^oft shbhh. 

Ohi nporoBopHJTb 8to ci noABynaK)n(eft ncKpeHHocTBio. Map- 
rapsra BacHJiBeBHa h^croxbro durwxacB. 

— Taxi BH He OHOHB cepAHTecB, MaprapHia BacHXBeBHal 

— Jl^a BaiTB He bco-jih bto paBHO? 

— He coBcivB. 

— Hy, Taxi a cxasy, ^ro cepjxycB. Bu moha oCxAixHl — 
BBBoxHOBaHHafl nporoBopHJua MaprapHia BacnxBCBHa. 

— EcxH H oCha&k'b, to hoboxbho... npocTHTe. 

— Hpo^y, xoPAa bu yC^AHxecB, ?to x jvAu) hchoxhxtb 
CBOH ptoenix. 

— Ho BceraxH noxa ne cHOTpHxe na mohx kxxb na xpara... 
H vb AOxasaTexBCTBO npoTXHHie pyxy. 

MaprapHTa BaaxBesxa npoTxnyxa HeBsroAHHy pyxy. Ohi 
HOHTHTexBHO 00 HcnfixoBaxB. 

HicxoxBxo MuyrB a>hxocb MOxnaHle. 

HoBsroAHH'B HyUcTBOBBXi, HTo MaprapHTa BacHXBOBHa Bce 
oH^e cepAHTCx, h Ha6xiOAaxi xa»b noAepniBaxHCB ex tohkIx ry6u, 
H Bi rjiasax'B CBopxaxi oroxexB. 

H Bi yM% ero npoHocHxacB xapTHHa CyAyn^aro npHMxpeHlx 
cynpyroBi. OffB pacxaeicx eft bi CBoeirB ^pasepcxB'i, oCixchhtb, 
noHeMy ohi ne repoft, nanyraerB ee CBoeft sarytfxeHHoft xlhbhbk) 
6effb Hex H npHnaAOTB xi ex xoraicB, BBi6paB'B yAo6HBift hchzo- 
JorHHecxit MOMonrB. H ona noxLaxWi, 6bitb moxcotb, xaxoro 
xpacaBAa Myxa h OTAacicx eiiy xsi xuuiocth, xaxi oiAasaxacB 
paxBHie H8i yBasoHlx x'b ero AoGpoA^TexxMi. Ho xpaftxeft icipi, 
Taxi 6yAen yrlmxTB ce6x, ho hh^ aoGxocth cosHaxBcx, hto 
Bi Heft Taxoe xlq HyBCTBOHHoe xchbothoo, kxk'b h bi Apyrxxx... 

A BceiaxH eiiy 6iuo asajixo MaprapHTy BacxJiBeBHy. H 



184 P7GCS0B BOPATCTBO. 

offb npimoMHEjrb, KaKU ;rpetioBaHi2 npexibflBJEua OHa Kb shshs, 

KOrxa 6HJ0[a siBymSOft, RaR'B BHCOKOKipHO OTHOCKJiaCB OHa K'b 

Timb aceHiQHHairby KOiopuA SHByrB jamiB oahhmh HHiepecaMS 
Hysa H ceiiBH, KaRi xot^jiocb eft saBoeBaTB EesaBHCHicocTb b 
BUATH sdMjTKb HO SHaTO, KaKb noj[K)6iiBniH KaBoro-HHfiyxB re- 
pofl^ H 6uTB ero TOBapHn^eiCb... H bu^cto 9Toro — saicysecTBo no 
pascyftsy hsi sa cipaxa ocTaT&cfl CTapoft siBoft. ^ase xpa- 
CpocTH He 6JEUI0 OTxaiBCfl cBoeMy TeimepaiceHTy, He pHCsyji cbo- 
eft cBG6oAOft... H xenepB HeyxoBJieTBopeHHoe HecTOJooCie Hecou- 
H^HHO Herjiynoft JKemi^HHH, ne sHaion^eft, Kyxa npEiosHTB eft cn- 
JEU. Paeo^apoBanie b:l repoHSMi Mysa, pa86HTaA jniHHafl sbbhb h 
HOCTOflHHoe pesoHepcTBo, KOTopoe Mimaen eft oxAaBaiBCfl hb- 
nocpeACTBeHHo xhshh h shtb BnenaiJii^HijstMH cipacTflaro cbo- 
ero TeimepaiieHTa, KOiopuft OHa crapaerca ofiysjaTB. 

HeBsroAHHy BaaajiocB} hto ohi noHHicaarb MaprapsTy BacH- 
juBBBHy, H Hio OHa TBKafl, RaROH) OBTE ce6i TenepB npexcTaBJifljrb. 
KaKi saJieRO 6uj[o aro npoACTaBJieHle on npeoKHflro, Rorxa He- 
BsrosHH'b, BJao6jD[eHH£ift, cqETaJiTi MaprapHiy BacHJiBOBHy nyxB jih 
He repoHHeft, cnoco6HOft yAHBHTB HejiOBi^ecTBo. 

n eicy BApyFB ciajio sajiKO npezHHTb cbohzi rpes^b, tohao 
cb hhmh yjieTana h ero mojioaoctb. Biffb h ero JisHHan mmuh 
He oco6eHHO yAannaa. H oh^b hb jno6EirB hh OAHOft JKeHn^Hfiur... 
Aa H BOo6ii^e oahhori. GqaciBe ero, hto vb hoitb nHcaieJiBCRaH 
jfOErjiKa. KaRi-6u cKBepno eny xejiocb na CBirb 6e8i» aioft lyA- 
Hoft TBopnecKOft pa6oTu, KOTopaa no BpeMenairB lasib saxBaiu- 
BaerL ero... H lenepB, nocjii h^kojibkhx'b Aneft npe6uBaHia b'b 
MocRBi, OHi ^yBCTBOBas'B nosBTOi Ri pa6oi%... Epaftne conyB- 
CTBOHHoe HHCBMO, noJiy^OHHoe hm:b ceroAHfl BM^cii Cb^ RoppeR- 
Typan on poAaRiopa sypnajia, bi ROiopoMi ne^aiauiacB no- 
B'IcTB HeBsroAHHa, hoa^oaphjio ero, h ohi pimHJTB scnpaBHiB 
H Apy^^ CBOK) Ben^ H HOCJiaTB ee TOMy aM poAaRTopy. 

— Bu B% MocRBi jsiyuMTQ ocraeaTBCJi, Maprapsia BacH- 
juBOBHa? — cnpocnjTB naRoneiii HeBsroAHsnb. ^ 

— Bi MocRB^. Cnepsa nocejiiocB B'b MetinEpoBaHHUTB rom- 
naxaxi, a norom, npE BoaHOsiiocTE, naftiiy RsapTspy... YixaiB 
MH^ HOJiBSE. Tyrb y Mena saHETlE... UoCxbokq z% peAaRiiiaM:b 
6uTb Jiynme, a to, Toro e tjiouk, noiepaeniB pa6oTy...n naRoneii'B 
BTO HOBoe A^^o... He ociaBJuo a ero. 

— n BU HaA^erecB, hto nama heicjib ocyn^ecTBEica? 

— Pasyifieica, E9Kbioch. AnocoBa yace otfin^ajia naiBAe- 

CflTB TUCHH^B. 

— Ofiin^ajia, ho en^e ne jifiLSS,? 

— ^TO sa npoTEBHUft CROHTEiiflSMii! Ona ne oTCTynETca orB 
CBoero cjioBa. 

— fly, noJiosEiTB, E ne OTCxynETca. A en^e sa RaREXi 60* 
raqeft HaAiexecB? 



MSWfi. 165 

— * Ha PafiHHSHa! Cjohiuudi opo aioro MKuioHepa? 

— En^e 6h! 3HaM6HHiiift ^pHRaHn h 6e8o6pa8HHiB!B. Hui- 
«TB rapeiTb na $a6pHKi H bi to se Bpena coCHpaeTca, ro- 
Bopan, HBAaBan raseTy bi aanvny 6ibffniXb ^6pHKaBT0Bi, 
wum>pujn Bci otfHsaion. 

— En^e HaA&ocB Ha HaicaftJiOBy. 

— Ha »ry 6uBarjio Meccajnny h xHCBOHTepmy Ha noBO'6? 
^ero paAH ohh fMp% Bairb ffiaerb na ycipoftciBO xoMa jfls. 
pafioHHX'B? H ETO Bacib HaAoymuTb Kb mm oOparHTLca? 

— Arjiaa HeipoBHa. 

— Ona, axon HEHHcrp'b ToproBJiH B!b iD6si? Bi> TaRoirb 
^GJT^i, HaAO nonuiaiB CHacxu. 

— El Pji6HHHHy ji noixy cava. A X'b HsicaftJiOBOft naAO 
iiocjiaxb MyxHHHy. n 

— n 910 coBiioBajia wjaaojAjm^a. BXOBa? 

— fyi. JS. coBiiOBaJia, hto6u kb neft o6paxHJicfl ch npocB- 
<kdl H|uu)ji[afi[ CepriHHi. 

— Orjunmit ncHxojuorL Arjiaa HeTpoBna! HpeBocxo^tHO 
pacvpexiiaen pojni! — ^ycMixnyjitc HeBsroxHH^b. 

-^ Mysa Ji npocHTB ne xony,— opoAOJUKajia Maprapaxa Ba- 
<^ub6BHa.— A Bon ecjoi 6h bh, BacHJiift BacHnH^n, ho OTsa- 
saracB noMOHB xbij h noixaiB Kb HsKaftjioBOft, to a fiuJia-Oii 
Bam 096H& 6jD[aroxapHa« 

— £[? Gb Moeft in^eji^yniHOft ^nrypoft? — BOCUiHKHyjrb, cvb- 
4iCb,*H6B8roxHHi.— ^a Bii, BEXHO, xoTBie npoBajiHXB x^o, no- 
<3iJiafl MOHfl, MaprapHia BacHJoaBBa! HsMaftJiOBa co MHoft h 
roBopHTi>-TO He saxoTOn. 

— nojmo CKiflTLCJi. 51 Baci cepsesHO npomy. 

— Aa A HO OTBasuBaiocB. OiHero h ho nocMoipfeB na Mec- 
^ajTHBy, o6paTHBiiiyK)ca wb i^Miio. 

— Tan ii&bdx$ate. A - a Bam AOCTany on ArjiaH He- 
^poBHii poKOMeHAaxejiKBoe hhcbico. KcxaxH, bh h nHcaiejiB... A 
UsHaftjioBa HX'B yBamen... i 

— HsBOJiBTe, Ji Moij^^ HO, acJiH Aas6 H o6in^aHi2 ne nps- 

BdSy, BHHa H6 HOfl. 

Bb dry kbbjtj ^BepH 6e8inyifHO OTBopHJmcB, h Ha nopori 
iioiiBHJiacB Karji cb sooaAOiiB, no cavoBapi roTOBB. 

— BorB HysHiift b^cthhkb! fl ysacHO naio xony! — nporo- 
BopHjTb HeBsroxHHB, noAHHMajiCB BCJiix^ 8a xosflftKoft, hto6b 

~^JJTH B-B CTOJIOBjTK). 

H cHOBa Kaifl 6iuia oCKanyra bb osHAamnxB. 
Eh 6HCTpiift BdTjuaiAB, xaBHO HSon^pHBiniftcH Bce bhsItb bo 
tpeiifl BaesanHiiixB nojiBaeHift bb ROMHaTy, Rorsa bb HeftcHxan 

iXBOeHB XOSdftRa H FOCTB, ho yjHOBHJIB HHRaRHXB npHBHaROBB 

]o6oBHoft aiMoc^epu, h jihiqi h nojioseHLi o6oHrB co66ciAHH- 
^BB He BHynmjoi HHRaRHXi noxospinlft A&ze HKaii, snaB- 



186 PyCCEOE BOFATCTBO. 

ineft no omny, san ropaw vbspyn vb KaKyn-HRCyxB Ropor- 
syK) ceisyBjij caMue no^TeHHue MysBfl BiBoppixopiy hohth na 
rjiasax'b y xesrB. 

Ho OHa Bceran He lepfljia HaAesAu ysHaxb cbcx) iipaQxy>. 

Maprapflia BacuBOBHa craota pasJiHBaTB naft, npoxojiacas 
paBroBapHBaxB ci HeBsroAHHmrB. Ohh TenepB roBopsan o craTBi^ 
vb «GTapiftinHX'b HsB-lcTiarL* h xBaiHn hhcbmo KocHipuiro b 
cxepsaHHiift OTBin oueBeiaHHuxi. He CMOTpa na to, hto Kara 
HapoHHO noxasa kbol craKaHa/ MaprapHia BaouiBeBHa x&se » 
He no;i^aJia cnpocHXb: xoMa-JH Mys'b, h ho xoierB jdeh wio? 

9to OTHomeHle e3> irysy pimHieuHo BosicyTHJio ropHHHHyio. 

<Ohh HBiorb ce6i naS h sasycuBaion, a 6isHiift Hucojiaft 
CepriHTE CHXHn ce($i oxhhi osHHemeHesi, to^ho ODxeBaHmiftl» — 
no^MaJia Eaia, croflBmaa bi xoppHAopi h xaxHo npHCJtymH- 
BaBmaflCfl Kb Tony, hto roBoparb bi crojsoBoft. 

n OHa nponuia Kb RafiHHeiy h npioiBopHJia xBepx. 

HiKOJiat GeprieBHTb no npesHeiiy chx^ sa mcbMeBfiuirb 
CTOJioifb, OTUuyBiuHCb B'h xpoiurl. 

TorAa EaiH, onpaBHB'b Booiocii, Bonuia bi KOMHary n thxo 
npnCjDisHjiacb s'b npo^eccopy. Ilpn bhx& ero no^aBJieHHaro, 
rpycTHaro, uersa ocyHyBmarocji jraita, eft CA^baiocb 6e8KOHe^HO 
sajiRO HHKOJiiaa CeprieBH^a. ^ 

— ?T0 BaiTb, Eata?— cnpocHJU'b Sapi^onift. 

— HaK) He yroxHO-JOi, 6apHHb? Tojibro-^o caicoBapi 6a- 
pHEi noxaial— roBopnjia Eaia, Kairb-To oco6eHHO no^nrejfKHo- 

HijKHO, BSTJUifflBM po6RO S Bl TO-JRO BpOKA BHaHHieJDEbHO, Ha 

Sapi^aro. 

— A 6apiiHH Bepnyjiacb? 

— HewBHO BepnyjiHCB Bidbcrt cb r. HeBaroxHfluirb... Ohh 

B'b CTOJIOBOft. V 

3apiHHUft noMopn^HJicfl lowo on 6on. 
cOoflTb aiorb HeB8roffHH%!» — Ho^^naji^ ohb. 

— Tan npHKaxere naio, HsKOJuaft Qepr^Hn? Mosen b 
Rymarb xoTHie... H Bairb ciojfk noflairbi icjra Bairb neyroxHa 
BiixcH... B:b OAHy HflHyty Bbe ca&d»h). 

— a HHHero He xo^y. 

3api^iHHft iioKBJun> rjsasa na saajiiBmee xopomeHBKoe k cb%x6» 
juiito ropHnmoft h B^Qiyri nepexBaTHjrb rasoft BociopaceHmift a 
njianeHHuft BsrjuiA^f ^w tot^aci OTBexi raasa bi cTopony, ni- 

CKOJIbRO yAHBJieHHIilft H CROH^yseHHUft, H nporoBopBJTb HeOJRH- 

ABHHO KasL caMoro ce&i hhfro: 

— CnacBdo, EaiH. Bu... bu ycoiyzjuiBaa xiBynuca. 

— %o Bu, 6apHHi»? 3a hto 6jiiaroAapHTe? ^a pasBi bh ne 
BHXHie, HTO xu Ban a, hto yroxHO, roiOBa giiaaTB. Tojbro 
HpHRasHiel — npH^aBHJia ona hohth monoioicb. 

— Hy, xaKi cx^aftTe mh^ nocRopie nociejobl — noiiyniyTa 



XPBqu. 187 

npHsasajTE 3apiHHut| Ji^knn wmb, hio ho saicinen ropnara 
TOH& KaiH. 

— OoflTB sAicB npiRaseTe?— Cb exBa jmobemoA Hadcimsoft 
Bib rojioci, cnpocHJia oea. 

— SfflcL! — oTBifui, He noffHHiiaji nasi, 3api^[Hlift, nye- 
CTBja, qto aroTb Bonpoci sacraBHjrb ero nospacHiTb h CHJiEHie 
noHyBCTBOBaxb cmxh CBoero nojioseHla BAOBita nps seni. 

H^ cjiobho-Oh sejiaa CKpuxb aio o6HXHoe noJuoaseHle, nps- 

GKBEJrhl 

— H ycran h Jiary nopamme... H, Bpoici Toro, Ksb neoC- 
xoxHMO paHune saBTpa BcrarB!— roBopHJTb HHXOJsaft CeprbeBETb^ 
BHjrtfpeHHO CTii;^CB, HTO OHi fjOJosj&Bn BpaiB nepeffi ropHHH- 
H0t. — fin MOJKeTe pa867ffHTB MeHfl B'b mecTb ^acoBi?— HeosH- 
XaHHo ctrpOG&jrb OH^b CTporHMi rojiocoirb. 

— RorAa yroAHO, CapiHi. 

— TaK!b pa36yABTe, nosajryftcra. 

— ByABfe noROfiHu, pa86ysy. IIoKoftHoft ho^ 6apEHi». H 
xaft BaMi Bon npljiTHUX'B chobi. 

Ofia He jxoAEjra, tohho osHAaa qero-TO. 
, — MoxBTe HATH, Raifl. BojiBme kh^ HHHero He HyxHo! — 
CKasaji'b Saptmufi. ^ 

Sara nonaBEJia bsaoxi h MexJieHHO Bunura. 

HHKOJiaft GeprieBH^i, OAHaRo, ne JioauiJiai. Ohx noAHHAca 
ci Bpecjua H, npiOTRpuB'b ABepH, npHCJiymHBajicfl kt> pasroBopy 
Bi cTOJioBoft. OnyAa BpeHenaHH ju^JierajrH ^pasu HedHaHyn^aro 
paaroBopa, h bto HicROJiBKO yciiOROHlMuio 3apiHHaro. CRopo owh 
ycsaxM'bj HTO HeBsroAHHi nj^cm^^Tca... Oni* BsrjKflnyjrB na 
HacH... nojDOBHHa nepBaro... cSna^BlW, ne oco6eHHO aojito ch- 
KbjTb... BipHO PHTa pascidlajia any, hto Cpocaers MeHfll» 

H 3apb<muft HyBcpoBaJU'b ce6A necHacTHmrb, oahhorhhx h 

HeiCHOXRO BHHOBaTUMlT nepeAl PHTOft. 

«Hirb, OAHO cnafcenle bx, paCoii, bi HayRi!» — jiju^jvh 
OHB, ROFAa Jierb bi* ^octejiB h c^aro noTAHyjiai, pacnpaBJifla 
ycTajHe ^bhh. ; ^ 

H PHTa, H HaflAeHOBx cb ero,. yHHSHj^HUVb pasroBopoMx, 
R dTOTb lOHoma HAeajiHCTi/H noAJiaa craTEa, h RHHra, roto- 
pyio HBAO ROHHHTB, H HoBsroAHH'B, H C6pyeB:^ saHHicajm ero 
hucjuh h CTaBHJiH nepeAi» HHH'b BonpocH, o ROTopuxi* ohl npesAe 
y"" AyMaJTB, ROFAa CHHTajn ce6fl cnacTJuiBuirB h cjobho 6u ne 

ri^Han Bl Ce6i TOft ABOfiCTBenHOCTH, O ROTOpoft Cl TaROK> 

)acTHOCTLK) HanoHHHJTL eny MeABiHi^eBi. ^obojibho ^pasi... 
I sa HHxx AOCTaiOHHO flBRasaHii... 

H BCH cyerjOBafl A'^TOJibHocTB ero, BHi yHHBepcHTeTa, Rasa- 
:b TenepB any neflysHOft, 6e8i](ijiBH0ft h onacnoft. HsB-sa ny- 

ROBl MOJRHO JDUDHTBCfl HOJIOSeHLi. cBfiUl'B Sap^HHIlft H hItX 



188 PyCGKOB BOrATGTBO. 

3apiqHaro>l npHnonHui obi HacM&QJDiBHfl uoBa HatxesoBa 

H XrpOEHSCR^"'^&Xl> BiCROCTBH), OTSpOBeHHO lil)H8HaBaflCB CUtOUJ 

eeCi, mto owb ipycb, cKplIBaIOI^ift on jnfiOA^tf^^iy vpycocfE pi* 

HBME BOMnpOlEHCCi. 

HaKOHeip», Bce Kasi-io nepenyruocL bi ero Moary, noie-' 
puo JiCHOCTB, H owb saeHyjTb cb uucsasD o loicb, "VTO HBAO sa- 
HHMaTbGfl oAHOft HayKoft, BOTopaa npeACiaBEJiacB my Bxpyn b^b 
JiyHesapHoicb o6pa8% Petu. 



SapiHHKft npocayjcfl on CBi^ia, naAaBmaro eyy bi Tiiasa, 
H on Toro^ HTO hla-to lurKafl, leiuiafl h B^npa^^^miafl^ ppca 
ocToposHO seprajia ero sa mimo. \. ^ ,^ > 

npocHysniHCb, ohi jSKffija> HauoHHBioyiocfl li^ '9 H'ir& fiai;!^ 
Bi Konori, usoTHO o6jieraBme]Cb BpacHBua $opiiH;efl KpibiKaro 
CTana. Ona CMorpijia Ha Hero cb s&KHoft BusuBaio left yjm6B0ft. 
OrojieHHafl Cijiafl pyxa x^psajia CBi^Ry, cBin B^ropoft ocBi^- 
lOfiXb saajiiBmeeca npHrosee jquio cl jqrBaBUHH.HepHiiiiH rjia- 
eaMH... ^., 

— BcTaeaftre, CapHHi... mecn nacoKb... Bu Bp.i|jit| paeCy- 
AHTB Baci!— rowpHJia ona jsacROBuic^ monoTOicB, sanukis^iaA^ Bb- 
pon ROHOia, H8i-noAi Koroparo BHxnijiacB HfCTaa copoHK^.' 

Sapi^Huft saBpBUTb rjmsa, 6ysio co6Hpaiic:> sacHyxB. 

— BciaBaflTe se, MSJiiift 6apHHx! — HacroftHno noBTopKia 
A'i^Bymsa, en^e HHse HaoonaflCB na^^ Sapi^HuirB h oCAasaA 

BificTO OTBiTa om np&iiHyn^py j h . y6o h BJiaciHO o6- 
ZBaTHjn efl lajilH) e npixBJiekB^ 

— 0, MHJiitift 6apHH^!— f^nT^M|J^^ ;^* ;^ rw npo^eccopa 

CTpaCTHHMH HOIjtjIiyJillH. Zj^, ^lUtl "^ 

Bii AecHTB HacoBi, KorAa'^ ^QJiaft umrieBn'B, HabHBnracB 
Haio, yxoAHiTB Bi jHHBepcEv ., Ratfl ci^xn^e 6oJlIBI^e^.^onE- 
TejuBHOCTiio noAaJia eiiy myfiy^^epsajia fiKfl laKi, cjiobho-Gu 
HEHero MeaKAy hekh ft ne (^P^ , ^ 

MojDEOAoft npo^eccopi uJApajicfl sp tji^A'^tb na Eano. ,Owh 
6uji'B cKOH^yakeBi, '^eosHaBaa ceda 'BE^OBaTiarB h cjiobho-6u 
ocRBepHEBinflirB cB(yK>'%H)6oBB R'B Pjtii E^|$:b to ace apeiui nya- 
CTBOBaiBii ce6fl btb. 8To'](Tpp .xa^fB-^^'cno^oflHie, ypaBHo- 
BimasHie e ho nxsLWh necHac^purir 

EoHerao, owh onpaBAjuBajTb ced'fl e bo bcoitb behhjtb £aTio, 
BSAyMaBmyK) 6yAETB ero bm^cto Toro, too6h ciynaTBCH bi ABepB, 
B p^mEjTB, HTo 6ojn»ine aioft BCiuimKE sB^pA ho noBiopExcfl bi HeMi. 
OAHaRO, b:b Ton se Benepi^, RorAa RaTfl roTOBEJia eMy nocrejiB, 
owh Kasii-TO oco6eHHO BHEEaTejiBHO CMOTpijDLx sa efl posoBaTuft 
saxiuiOR'B fl RorAa osa nosamuia eiiy noBoftnoft hohe, CHOBa 
npEsasajTB pa86yAETb ce6fl bi mecTB ^acoBi. 



SPlipi. 189 

r 

Bacfl iieTHyn raaaaMH, sea BcmmiBM on pv ^cn, h no^n- 
TejBHO-o^HHiajiBinnrb tohomi oiBinjia: 
— GjiyiiiaK), 6i^sffbl 



XXI. 

Ob Toro Bo^epa, RasB ArjEaA IleTpoBHa npirjiamua He- 
BsroxHHa n ce(Si h, nxocnBo noxapHBi ero CBoeft Heoipasnco- 
^P79^^ yjuCROft, nox^epKHyjni sejtaHie bea^tb BacEJdfl 6a- 
>cv&eBflv, X&RB MoasHO CKopift, — nponuio bojiiie Asyxi He^ 
iftn, a JbparoxHKb h hb ^Qriiajrb ixaiB n «BejUKOjr&nHoft 

^ Ona Wf9&^ HeBsroxBHa cb HeTepnilHleirb, AHBHBininrB ee. 

Ql^T^JL Cl InJILineft KOReTJOIBOCIBH), Hiui OCUKHOBeHHO OA^sa- 

iacB,XOKa^ J^Jiaa IleTpoBHa, Kani* HHCTHTyxKa, noA^irajia ki 
osHam B cvorp^^ na xBopi. IlocJii nicKOJiiBiaix'B xseft Ha- 
ly acparo QgaiaftHl n sejiaHie RpacaBHipi-BAOBu bha^tb HeBsroKHHa 
e||e (mj^ycHJorjiocB. 06uRH0BeHH0 cnoRoftHaa, He SHaBmaa 
i^^^ffi^ BOJorneHiJB, Bpoirb BOHMepHecRHX'B, Arjuui nerpoBna qaI- 
nura& HepBHoft, 'tosCysAeHHofi h pasApasHiejoHoft, neroAyA, 
^To HeBsroAHH'b & "iAerb nocjii raRoro Jiio6e8Haro npsirjianieHifl, 
iaKHiTb OHa ero yAOCTOHJiif. 

n — ^TO 6h[jiio Bcero /^BHiejiBgie — AStse sa a^obuhh sa- 
BflxijiMH Bi CBoeft TR)THOft ^tR.'ribTymki^, Arjuafl IleTpoBHa no 
BpexeHairb HcnHmitBiJik siSpyvBa^nyio Aocejii CRyRy h, BcerAa 
TOHHaa H aRRyp^: ^^^(l^Bajiia ^fksC'hiHHa. 

Bi A^OBoL ' ..^.ohfifplr nopolT'He cnumajnocL npeaRHeft ac- 
Hoft KpfiTROCTH. Efl Kpy^ajo^^jieHafl pyRa OTRHAUBajna nesi^pHO 
K^pjRRtt. II,v$pu nWaiHCB i'i^r?} ykI. BicicTO hhxx bi rojiOBi 

pdkJBICB COBCilTB APyrfa MHCafc'^^' " ^ 

Onil reiBaJiacB H bth cmutfcrlf HepBQiiii» it^RanpHsuBJiacT- 
Baro CBoero xapaRi^a. He Bjoo6kJlkcB-:Re oka, B'b can oitb a^^ 
Bi HeBsroABHal H,lffirB He MeHte, sekdRO^ caHoitioCie ea 6sjio 
secroRO ocRop&iefio'^'^ero HpespHrejiBHmrB HeBHHiiaHieirB, n bb 
Befi, 6oraTOxl, Aonepv b sHy^Ri^ Rpyriix'Bt&iioAypoB'by hphbhr- 
mea Ri Tony, TO)6ia sbianiii h Ra^E^ en icnoraajmcB, sa- 
poxAajiocB Ri HeBsroAHHy rbroo^tO^ cnosHoe nyBCTBo HenaBH- 
iV H FB TO-aRe Bpeicfl HeoAOJnnfaTO sejiaHifl bha^tb ero. 

OqI AOJBXeHB BO HTO 6h TO HH CTaJEO 6UTB y Hefl! 

dion RanpHsi pimHxeJiBHo OBJiaA^'B Arjuteft HeTpoBHoft. 
, dcnoTHHecRafl ea naxypa ne noAAftBaaacB HHRaRiicB AOBOAam 
: na. Qna noHmiaia bck) HejrlaociB CBoero cavoAypcTBa h hjui- 
: ura otb bioczh, hto HeBBroAm'B ne \jifi7h. 

HamcsiB exy? 



f90 • P70GKOB BOrATCTBO. 

Hh 8a H10 Ba CBfbA. OxHa mhcxb 06^ srom BHBiaiau bs 
Arjrai nerpoBsi HeroAOBaEde. 

^!To6'b axon jencoMHCoieHHHffy HenyreBoft ^exoBtsB ciAjrb 
noxyicarB, HTo ona hmx HHrepecyeiCfl, ona, sOTopafl ex ropxe- 
jmBiorB paBHO^mieirb othochi€h kl CBOflVB MHoro^HCJieHHinci 
nouoHEHRaiTB H TaftHHOTb BBXHxaTejudTB, KOTopue HO ^0Ta HeBsro- 
AiHy. Aa noBexH ona 6poBBK), h y en hofb 6un-6u HSBicT- 
HHe npo^^eccopa, jmrepaTopu, zyxosHHSHi ^hhobeho jdoxe, 
BymH-MHuIOHepH. H Bxpyn 8Ton cvapTiimBa^ 6e8B poxa 
H njieifeHM, srorb HHn^it ^aHTasepi 6wb noJosceslH, ocir6- 
Mvtca BOo6pa8HTB, HTO Bi Hero BJDDCjieHH— CRazare, mxa- 
syftcrat *^ ** 

npomjia HexiM. 

Arjuaa nerpoBHa 6iura vh leaTpi y HrajnuiHiteBrB, 6HJiia da^ 
<ieHe$Hci BTB MaJioicL Teaipi, Hax&flCL bctp^thtb HoBsrosEHa, k^ 
HaROHem noixana otsaTB bhshtb Sap-iHEoft, pascHli^rattafl ori 
Hefl ysHaiB ^iro mi6yj[f> HeBsroAHHi. Bipno OHi^HMncio 

Ho HHTsi ona ero h6 BEJt&ia, a Md^^pAa '^fitefVoeBHt 
Horjra tojibko coo6ii^htb, hto BacHJilft BailiJiBiiHX to^ho bx.bok^ 
KaHyjii ff rjiasi ri neft se Rasen ci rlrb nopi, RaRi SfuA 
<}0J9[ie HeA^JiH TOMy HasaA'B. H BOo6ii^'iH8i^'pa8roBopa ciSapi^- 
Hoft Arjrafl IleipoBHa saRjooHHOia, nrd^ Mej^ty Maprapirroft Ba- 
CEJiBeBHOft ff HeBsroxHHuii'b npoSteaJia RomRa. IIo RpaftHet 
liipi, Sapiuafl, RaRx horimuiocb Arjuii nerpoBH^, aobojtbho 
csepxaBHO roBopsna CBdbrb AiplaiejA. 

— A offb MH* Hyaenx,— ^iTHJia Arjuui IleTpOBHa, — no- 
Tony a H cnpamHBaio Heiii^' XoTf^p:po6ff;th ero uraTB Ha 
GjoraroTBopHTOJiBHOirb ROHmepTi,— BgjBmaiiHo.,cbHHHEJDia OHa. RcTaxH, ^^ 
BH cjEumaJSH ero noB^CTB. Xopojjp OHa?'^ 

— Ohi He HHTa:iix eoie mb.^H usiky ohb Hyseni, ecjn 
TOJiBRO BH AEAHie eicy peROKWi^xexBHoe yoicBMO ri Hsxaft- 

— Bh ero xoTHTe hoca^tb BMicTo wfgi^ 

— A HTO-xe HHROJafl CepriHTB ne xonen ixaiB? 

— OVB SaHJITB OHeHB... 

— TaRB HonuiBTe HeBsroAHna ro mh^. fl hblwb exy 

DHCBKO. 

— fl axpeca ero ne BHan)... 

— MOXHO CnpaBHTBCA BB aApeCCHOlTB CTOXi. RcTaTH HanH- 

iDHie eicy h ROHiieprt... 

— A HeBsroAHHB y BacB pa8B% en^e ne 6iurb? — bb cbok> 
OHopeAB cnpocHJia MarapHTa BacHseBHa. 

— To-TO He yAOCTOBBaeiiil — acincB OTB^^au AxocoBa. 



XFBipi. 191 

— Offhj KasercH, coCnpajicfl... 

Arjiaa nerpoBHa pacnponvixacB, ujkija MaprapBry BacEJoeBHj 
<!> npezHeft hckp6hhoctbio. IIoBHsnf ony, AHocoBa BOSBpanjia et 
€BoepacnoJiox6Hi6, saRjnoHHBi, hto qoxobp^hIji, ozBaraBniiA ee ea 
io6flJ6fiHOirb o6ix^ HesipHU. 

cMejRxy HflMHi KasercA, raraero H%nt— no^^yxajia Arjiaa 
nerpoBHa. dia mhcjib 6iua eft npi^THa, h AnocoBa, yxoxfl, 
cflOBa nosTBepffma Maprapart BacEJiLeBHft, ^to A^cn hatb- 
xecflTB TfiicAHi H coBiTOBajia nocRop6ft nocjiaTB HeBsroxnHa kb 
HsMafljioBoft, a caHoft MaprapHrt BacuBeBHi teatB Kb Pa- 

<}HHHHy. 

— fl Ha-xHflrB 6iiJia y Hero. Ero Bin vb Mocrb^. 

— Hy TaKTb nomnaftrecB y HsicaftjioBoft... IIhcbko kl Heft 
Ji ceroffui se HanHmy... HansmHTe h bh HcBerosHHy... IlycTB 
jiBHTCfl sa hutb... Hy ffi CBHAaHifl, poffoaal 

Ilpomio .en^e rpn jma, a HeBsrojCHH'B He sbjuulce. 

Atjulx QeTpoBHa sjrajiacB, ^yBCTBya 6e8CHJrie CBoe yxoBJue- 
TBopHTB cBoft KanpK ^. 

cBhtb MOJEen, Oi % yixanl* MemcHyjio y nea bb rojosi, 
It OHa noqyBCTBOBajia, hto otbIsxb HeBsroAHna ne BepnyjrB 6ii 
«ft iipeJKHJiro cnoBOftcTBto. 

%o dTO CB Heft A^ae. i, HaBonevBl EaKoe Cesyirie nanuio 
Ba nee? cnpaniHflgjia ona ce5k, CEffi paHHHiiB yipoicB sa hhcb- 
veHHHiTB CTOJioiTB BB CBoeft .FjriTyinsi sa oCBeMHCTOft sanHCKOft 
HocTpoflRi HOBoft $a6pHRH, HOxaHHoft oxHHHB H8B efl ynpaB- 

H OHa xaa pasa naxaBHJia .nyroBRy ajieErpH^ecicaro woHsa. 
Ha nopori ABEJicfl, no oCHKHOBeniio 6e8niyM ho, crapuft RysBica 

^iBaHOBHHB H, OTBiCHBB HRlift nOUOHB, SaMOpB BB HOHTHTeJIB- 

Hoft no8i. 

YBipeHHafl BB TOMB, HTO KysBMa HBaHOBHn npesaHB eft, 
KaRB co6aRa, h yiri^^n 6im HiuniB, RaRB pu6a, ArjiaH 
nerpoBHa jaussk CTapny nopy^eflle cocroposHO y8HaTB», bb 

HoCRBi SE rOCnOAHHB HeB8rOAHHB H, eCJIH BB MoCRBi, TO 

HaBecTH cnpaBRH, RaRB ohb npoBOAHTB BpeMfl H rffi 6h- 

BaOTB. 

— HoHflJTB, Ky8BMa EaaHii^iB? 

— noHfljTb, MaTymRa Arjiaa nerpoBHa. HaBe^y cnpaBRH, 
RB cjity yoTB, 6e8B orjiacRH. 

Ha APjroe ace yTpo Ky8BMa HBaHOBEHB xoRJi^ffUBajiB vb 
uiiTymR^y cbohmb thxhmb, cJierRa CRpHoyHHMB fojiocomb, Ta- 
iMB se 6e8CTpacHHHB, RaRB H ero xyAon^aBoe, 6ed6opOAoe 
mo: 

— rocnoAHHB BacHJiift BacHJiBHHi HeBsroxHHB naxoAflTCH vb 
ocK&b. Ohh HBRy^a ne OTjyHajmcB h8b CBoeft ROHHaTu bbto- 



192 P7CCX0B BOFATCTBO. 

Heale CBume xsyrb Hexin h fjssBO h Honpo sasHiiaioTGfl no 
iiBGUceHHoft ucn. ILnnyTb ace n xobouho imoro Hcmicajni 6y- 
icarH. n Rymaion many j ceCa, iipe6iiBaa b'l oxHHo^ecTBi, m 
HHBio y BHXi He 6wrby h HHKoro He b^Asm ohh npa- 
HBMarb. 

— GnacH(k), Ryeufa HBaHHT&!..— nporoBOpEB Atjem lie- 
TpoBHa. 

H KOFAa Kysuia HBaHOBKHi ymen, ona oCSjceraeHHO 
BSffoxHyjia H, noAHJiBi rjnasa, CBiiHBinieca lenepB paAOCTHHn 
fijiecKoicB, Ha jiaimaffBy, hctobo ociHHJia cefifl TpH pasa 

RpeCTOMl. 

{IIpodoMceHie CMbdyenn). 

K. CraHioBOBNn- 



'^H. 



6 



HopsesoBaa norapHaA 8Bonej(Hiti& 1893 — 96 rr. 
0pumhO0a HaHcena. 



Jbrnwofk, 30- ro EonOpn. A Hamen MeABisBH ort^H Ea nsy y 
oavarp ojAHa. Uefffifkff^ npHmen oi BooroKa h thxohlko npomen 
no cBteesaMepsineifj Mhxj ki OTKpHToft RanaBi, ho tttb ero aoxsho 
6iiT& HTO HHfiyAB Hanjrajio, noioiiy ^to oht» BepHyios istMgh Mron. 
Orpauo, iTo ovl Tyn (kyxAAei^j bii dToft nycruHi. Hto any sa^ob 
X&iaiB? Ci TaKHMi seiyffKOMi, KaKi y sero, hosho, Biipoqeirb, oo- 
BepniBTB nyremecTBie ki> noJODoy h oOpaTHo, he pasy ho aoodix^^Bi. 

BipOETHO MU 611(0 yBEAEEl* STOFO EOEOAl^a, KOrXa OEL BepEOTGE, H 

EaAO noiaraTb, qro oh'b lor^a noxoftAerb en^e fiiEse e eh 6yAeEi 

HEItB B08E0XE0CTB paSCEOTp&TB OrO. 

A nepemoJTB no JiB^y ^epes-b KanaBy; OEaoRasaiacB auhod wh 
348 maroBi h 6yj[a OAHEaKOBofi mHpEsu Ea aoboibeo 6oiBnioEi& 
npoisxeBiE ki> BocTOKy; vb saaaxy niHpHEa ea Tanse Eaio ESElmfl- 
jiacB. yTimHTejiBSo AyEaiB, ^o bo iB^y ofipasynroE Tasia toxhnAz 
oTBepcTiE. MicTa jsflB. uaBahiE AocxaTO^EO, eoiE 6h toibko noxyii 
Btxepi, KOToparo eu Tasi e eo eoxoei aoxa&tbce. 

Bi o6meE% HOflfipB 6un au Eairb oco6eEEo Ee6jraronpiETeE%, 
Eu EOBUH EasaAi, BEidTO Toro,^o6ii ABHEyTBCfl BnepoAi. A Ee«Ay 
riwb B'B nponuoEii roxy 8to C^ji'b TaRot xopondft Eftoa^B. Ho b'b 
8T0E^ yzacHOEi Eopi^ EHKaRi EeASfl noiaraTbcfl sa BpoEE roAa; 
o^eHB EOXeTB 6uTLy qro 8Elia osasercfl bo BtAuh OTsomeHiflxi ee 
Ea BOAocx EB Jiy^ine jrlTa. OAEaao, ei^o EaAbnrbSE, ?to bgo Eonpa- 
BHToa, fl EO Eory AyEaTB SEaqe. 

He6o nospHiocB ryoron aaBiooi, cKBosBROTopyDCBepKanrLSBisAfii, 
OTHoro Oflo Kaserofl TOEEie ofiuKEOBeHHaro. Mu 6xjm]SfiLewb oaeho- 
xie H 6e8noEon;sH6 opoAE aroft Bt^soS eo^e. 3Ta teEEaa, nyGoKaa, 
(SesEOXBEaa nycroTa sanoEEEaerb TaHHOTBeEHiit 6e8A0HEfiifi KoiOAesB, 
xyAa BsrjuiAUBaeHiBi ^o6iipa8CEOTptTBTro EE6yAB, ebeaeieb Tonso 
orpaseHie eofioTBOEEHX'B nasi. Ax:b» ote TOEETOJiBEHfl ehcie, otb 

KOTOpHXl EEKaKl EO EOSOniB OTA^JiaTBCEl Bl KOHB^ BOEI^OBl oitafi" 

ctbo flxi oraEOBETCfl o^OEB oKy^EmrB. HeyseiE wkn cpeAOTBib 

M 9. Ofxto 1. 13 



194 P7GCK0B BOTATCTBO. 

orptaniTBOfl on oftHoro oete, oBiaAiTB xoTa 6u toibko oahod mumn, 
KOTopaa HaxoAExaoB 6u BHi 9Toro Kpjra? Heyxen wkvh iHoro nyn, 
KpoMi cuepia? Ho CMepTB HeoomtiRHa. Bi oxesb npeKpaoHuft jsfivb 
osa flBiTcji, BeiH^eoTBeHHaii h HonaraBaa, oTspoen nepe^i to6oi> 

HOmHHfl BOpOTa HipBaHEI, H TH noaiIIB60IB Tyxa, Bib MOpe Bi^HOOTK. 

BocKpeeeHBO, 2-ro AeKa6pii. GBepApjirB texen yse sboKoiBKo 
AHoft; oHi AOJnseffB 6Hn cjieu bi jiooreiB, r;i;t e lenepb eme npe- 
tiHBaeTL. Ha^o HaAiflTBOfl, hto HH^ero oepBOSHaro Kin, ■ ove can 
HO AJMaeTB dToro, ho BoeiaKH Haoi bto TpeBosHn. BlAEflra! Owl 
mraeTCfl Tonso OBoiiHKoft. Y sero xaiappib ximesi; sibpoflTHO ovb 
npooryAEJuofl na u^iy, noTony ^to ovh 6HjrB aoboibho lan hoIooto- 
poseHi vb mowb oTHomeHiH. Tenepi*, BU'po^ewb, ewj CTaio jiynne e 
AojDKEo 6htb owh oKopo nonpaBHTOfl, Eo BooTaxH 8T0 AoisEO 6u no- 
ciyxRTB oMj TpoKOEi EO omnROiTB-TO noiaraTBOE Ha oe6a. 

CeroABfl yrpoEi e GAiliajrb 6oiBniyK) nporjiKy baoib onpiirot 
xasaBii, KOTopaa o^oeb paoTHsyra ExioraEE AooTEraen nopflj^OHHott 
niHpflsii, npooTHpaaoB sa A0B0jn>H0 6oj[bmoB pasoTOflHie Ea boctori, 
ToiLRO npoflAfl EiROTopoe BpeMa no HOBOo6pa80BaEEOEy Ji^Ay» r^t 
HATE TaRi se lerRo e yAo6Eo, rrri no xopomo npoTonraHoi ipo- 

HHRR'^, E AOCTHrHySl CHOBR nORpHTOfi ORirOMl nOBOpXEOCTE CTEparo 

JOAA, BHOJmi RauHaemB co3HaBaTB, ^to SHa^HTB xoaetb 6e8i jaaxn; 
pasEHi^a HsyHHTeJKBHafl. Ho ^TO-se HHi 6iiJio A^aTB? A eo uorh 
ynoTpe6jiHTB jrasE, noTOxy hto 6vao TaRi tomso, tto a&so bi o6ur- 
HOBeEHiixi> CanmaRax'B 6ujio TpyxHo e^te on^ynBio, e hpexoaeaoob 
nooTOEEEo cnoTURaTBOfl Vb TeHHori HIE naAaiB, saTHRaflOL sa 6oib- 
ndE leAflEfiui rjoi6ti. 

A uiaK) TenepL OT^eni oC'h aErjaftoRsxi dRonoAEi^axi BpeveHi 

POBKCKOBI $paERJlHHa H AOIXOSX COSEaTBCE, ^TO npSXOSy BIi Esy- 

lueHie, RERtb orb joDAeS, TaRi h on TOft cyMHu pa6oTH, ROTopyx) oee 
ooBopniBJui. AEraittcRaa Eai(iH no ectei^ EEien npaso fopaetme 

HMH. 

A npEHOMEHai), qTaurajTB Boi 8tk EoropiE, rofar fiim en^e 
MaxBHSROEi, H Moa R)Eonie(^Raa ^siasia oxB^t^ena 6ush orpaoTEHirB 
cipeiaeEieHi ri btoA npnpiSMiift e RgpTEEaic^; ROTopiia pasBepiH- 
BaiEOB nepoAO heoA. TenepB sHftWi^ RXi yafe vh splAovi Bospaori, 

RaRl qeiOBiRl, HMiDOpfi ffbROTOp^ OQufflOCTb, E XOIH HOE j^EH- 

Tasia yse 6ojAe ho yBxeRaeroa npHBjSl^KaiiE, eo a BoeTERE npoRio- 
EEDCB wh EsyiuefllE. MyxecTBesEue wkE Cjhie aiE HappH, $paH- 
RXBffb, jlpBeEoi Phoci, PHiapACoai h hwoeoi^ Meri Kiehtorb e 
Boi npo^el ^\ 

Ho HOmjii EE^TO EO EOBO HOAl JiyEOlt! \ BOXBEIEECTBO ES'B TOFO, 
ETO fl OUTaJTB SOBilMl E Ttrt a TERl qBEEEIC)^! * ERXOEty Vb dTWTb 

BRoaeAEi^xi. Meri Kuetorx noosoBaioa iiaori^i^'^ yse copoRi An 
TOMy HEsaAX. He exi fiiua beee, too oee poaeaAOB BiTERofi cxpaBt, 
TA* HOEBBioTEO yHOTpefiiBEie EUETb H TA* Hom^ *® 6HBaerB OEira 

EEMOt. 



\ 



GPEAB HOW H JIBAA. 19& 

IlflTHHi^a, 14-ro A0Ka6pfl. B^epa oootoaioob 6ojnbiiioe iipa8;i(seoTBo 
"&%, leoTb Fram, KaFB oy^Ha, xocrvrmaro oanofi Btioosofi mspo!^. 
<IIo3aBHepa mh HaxoAnracB no^^ 82^30' (Ab. mHpoTH). 

MeHD o6iju^ 6hjio ojrbATo^ee: BapesHH Maspera oi naeioirb s 
nerpyniKOft, obhhua KOTJieTu oi 4>pafli(y30REM'b ropomsoirb, Hopses- 
cEaa xtoHaii seiuuiHHRa oi pHcom» h moiokoit&i spoHOBOKifi iiaiBi(b» 
^EGTpaKTt H Ko$e. 3a ysHHom y Haoi 6ujrB oBisiA xjrbftB, ssiiii- 
Hyft oHporL H T. ff. SartiTb oooToaioa KOHi^epTb, bo Bpem Koroparo 
HacTL yroi^ajiH KOH^sraMH h BapeHHHH Vb oaxapi rpymau. CaiHi 
6ieoTfln](ifi homohtl npasAHeoTBa HaorynKTb OAiaBo Torxa, Kor^a 
Eiecesa teia ?ama oi ahuhii^emcii ropa^Hirb nyHinoMi, soTopyv 
pocHHiH opeAB o6ii](aro seoeJOiii. Hame paonoiosesie Ayxa h lara 
yxe AOOTHTjto Bucmei to^kh, ho tojbso nyninii npnxan npasxHeoiBj 
AOic^siuS oTTtHorb. Ji,iB 6oj[BniHHCTBa HSii Hameft KOMnaniH 6U10 
3ara;^soft, OTKy^a mi AOoraxB HHrpoAieHTU aih nyHma h wb ooo6eH- 
HOCSTff aiKoroiB *). 

SaTbiTL nomjiH tocth. Cna^aia fiHJia npoHSHeoeHa ffraHwag 
fopxeoTBeHHaa pt^ b'b ^eoTb Fram, saicB oy^na, yse AORasaBinaro 
OBOH Ka^eoTBa. Mhofo 61110 yMEHxi ida^I, soToptie Ka^aiH ro- 
aoBog npH HameiTB oTUJiirriH i npoAOsasHBajiH Ham norH6ei&. 

HaB'bpHOe ETb 60fl3HB 8a HaOl H rpyOTHUH npOA^BOTBifl O^OHb 6h 

yueHBiEHiHOB, ecJiR6'b OHH Moru Haoi BHAtTb B'b ary iCHHyry, 
rorA& Mu Tyrb cnosoltHo csAHirb, ORpyseHBiie HOAHbiirH yAodoTBaMH, 
upBGiHsaeifOfl vb TaBHMi mHpoTaM-B, Fb BOTopufl en^e HHSorAa He 
BCTynaio hh oaho oyAHo; Fram vb HaoTOfliqyD MBHyiy canoe oisep- 
Hoe cyAHo na Bcem seiiHOHib mapt; oho npomio ^epesi foibniifl npo- 
orpasoTBa ao cn^b nopi HOHSBtcTHUX'b ofiiaoTett h Epoiit Toro ao- 
trtBTJio TBRHx^b rpBAyooBi, KEKHXi HO AocTHraio en^e hh oaho oyAHo 
no dry oropony nojiDoa. Ho BipoHTHo Fram lyxL ne ooraHeroH; ly- 
MBHEoe 6yAyn^ee OEpHBasTB en^e mhofo Tpiyii^OBi, Koropua hbhtoh 
B'b esoe BpeMfl. MH| BnpoTOirb, ne 6yAeirB roBopHTb 061 aion 
tenepb h yAOBierBopHMOH tini, lero Ham yAaiocb AooTHrHyrb ao 
laoTOJiiaeft MHHyrbi. Skj&kmjudE'b leuepb, ^to npeAOKasaKie, saKJOH 
^asioeeoii vb npHBtioTieHHuxi oTHxaxi BiepHconai npoHsneoeHHiixi 
no df^an onyou Fram, HoaoiRHiocbl 

Mh ho Mosem He HCHUTHBaTb cTpaHHaro ^ynoTBa tofo-to spoAift 
etHAft, KOFAa epaBHHBaeiTb ipyAH, nmeHifl h noA^aoi neBOofipasH- 
MHH CTpaAaHui, BHnaAaBmifl na aojo) naniHX'B npeAmeoTBeHHucOBi, 
y^aoTHHROBT» npesHHX'B dRoneAHipft, 01 rbHH yAo6oTBaHH, RoropuMH 
HBi DOJiBsyeHOfl, niHBH repeal HeHSBioTHUH o6xacTH boo A^x^nie b% 
xaKiji Miora, RyAa emjd ne yAaaaiooB npoHHRHyiB hh oAHOMy hbi^ 
noxapHHX'B HBOjrfcAOBaTeiei. Jifk, vb oaHOMi A^t, mi HMierb Boi 
ooHOBaHiH 6uTB AOBOJi[bH£im HaniHirB nyTomecTBieirb h naoiHirB cyA- 



*) Mh ynorpeiiHiH aia aToft i^iiH imctvA bhhhhA ciniprby HviBiidflcJi 
y H&cb. 

13* 



196 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

Mowb H fl HaAinob, mo uti bi> oooToaHln 6j}ifiwb oiaiaTBTB Hopse- 
rin OTopHi];6ft sa ea Aosipie, co^jBOTBie h AesBra, BCTpaneHiiui ais 
HacB. Ho H8X aa aroro mh BoeTasfl He aojukbxi bh Ha ojsjij MBHyTy- 

8a6HBaTb OBOHlli npeAmeOTBeSEHJEOBl, NH AOJISHBI yAHBJUITBCfl HITB^^ 

Hx^ 6opB6i fl erpaAaJBDuurB, lasx us'l toibko 6jiaroAapfl flxi Tpy 
Xaxi fl TOfly, mo 6iuo nfla AooTHrflyro, 6hui% noAroTOBiea'B nyiu 
Wi flamero npewpiflTUi. Mu ami o6fl3aHU xiflii, ^to Mosefli teiiepB 
AO EBBierflot OTeneHfl dopotbOfl ex oafliurB ysaoHHMi n ynopHBivx. 
Bparovi B!b apKTfl^eoKOt ofiiaon, oi naoBy^HflB ibaoai; npHTOflx 
AH 6opeKQfl 01 flflfli oafliUTb npocTmiB oDOco6ofli, baa Bxtort oi^ 
xflfli, a fle npoTflBi sero, a AonyorflBi oe6fl saflKHyiB vb jibAiflax'b^ 
BpeAflauipeHflo a sapaflie npHroTOBABniflc& vb 0TOfly. Ha btoai cyAflt 
AH nonpodoBaiA BocnojnsoBaTBGfl niOAaflfl onuTa HaniflX'L npoAineirr- 
BeflflAKOBi. Ha 8T0 noTpaveflH 6aa roAU, flo a HyBCTBOBaxi>, hto, 
BoonoiBSOBaBniAOb flpesBAMA oiiiiTaKA,fl STb oocTOAAiA 6yA7 npOTABO- 

AiSOTfiOBaTB npeBpaTHOCTflfllb OyAB6H B'B BTAX'B HeHSBftOTAHXIb BOAaXIB. 

CiaoTBe flafli SiaroiipiATCTBoaaAO ao oaxi oopi; b a noiaraD, mo^ 
Boi ysipeAH bb toai, ito jAtl Taxflxi TpyAHOoieft a npenAioTBift^. 
KOTopiiA flu Ae Bi GooToaaiA 6uAA6unpeoAOi:bTBnpA noMonut AH!&x)- 
niAXoa BB aamefli paonopaacoHiA sa oyAai BcnofloraieABaHX'B opeAoiKB* 
Mh flaA:fceKCfl Taxara, ^o Bepaefloa wb HopBerix) cb 6oraTOK) saiBoft 
a BHOiai BAOpOBHMA. HOBTOfly-TO MH fl xortAA onopoxABTB nosAHe 
Goxam sa SAopoBBe Fram. 

3a 8T0D pi^BX) (urbAOBaxa MysHxaxBane aoaepa a npeACTaaxeaie,. 
Bi xoTopoNB JIapci, xyaaei^, npoTaai^oaaiB saxoft-TOTaaei^'Bi aexa- 
Koay yAOBoxBCTBix) aoero oSa^eoTaa; Jlapci yaipaxtB aa<yB, ^o eoia 
OBB KorAa-aa6yAB aepaeioa AOfloA a eay opxAeTca aaaTBoa ai 
Taxoe cofipaaie, xaxoe npoaoxoAaxo ai XpaoTiaaia a Bepreai npa 
aamefl^ ornxHtia, to owb aaAaoTB pa6oTy oBoaai aorxM'b. 

3a TaaAOMi cxiAosaxi tootb sa t^xb ociaBxeaanxB Tav'B aa^ 
poAaai, EOTopne SAyrB aamero BoaBpaateaifl aai roAa bi toab, ae 
saaa, xyAa oaa aoxsbh o6paii^aTB cBoa m^anoxH, ^to6h aafita aaoi^ 
aaapaoao osBAaa on aacrB asBicrii, ao a^ lepaa Aoatpia aa B'B 
aaflB, aa xi aameay nyieineoTBix), a<8a rtx»,.ETo yotpoaxB aaarB 
orBJ^SAi* a npaaeoi a^ aioro Oo^uaia septmsr. 

EpaBAaeoTBo, ooapoBosAaeifoe aysHXofl- a aecexoK) 6eoiAoftr npo- 
AOxsaxooB i^iHft ae^epi, a aame xopoaiee aacrpoeaie, xoae^ao, ae 
6hxo aonopveao liaii ito aaaii apeBOcxoAHHfi Aoxropi npaian^ax^ 
OBOa oarapH — npeAflOTB, aaiiDiniift i^bootb bb aaaiaxi rxaaaxB, ao, 
B'B oosaxiaiD, craaoBanUftoa ace 6oxie a 6ojrbe piA^aai. 

ExBBOTBeaaoe ofixa^xo wb aameax cya^ecTBOBaaia oooiaBxaeTB. 
OoxtsBB GBepxpjna: oa% eate ae coBctaii oapaaaxoa orb caoero xa- 
lappa a obabtb aa aibtI, ^to eay aoace ae apaxaToa. Owb Aoxseai 
AOBoxBOTBOBaTBOfl nffleaauHHB xj[i6oai»,MOxoKOfl'B, CHpHfl^a6ABiacBafll. 
aaooKB a oaoaaxoft. Oabbko, oai Boeiaxa noapaBxaeioa a jktate hopb 
bhAtb aeaaAOxro aa naxyfiy. 



GPEAH ILOnJL H JIbM- 197 

Biuo yxe uos^^ho, KOr^a a msoHenti yieroff vb obod Kotey, ho 
se MorB caaTB. A AOisesii 6HjrB BoraTB h Bmnen noryurrb npi 

JiyHHOlTb OBiTb. 

Bocpyn sjKSi, no o6HKHOBeHii), BHAHiioii (tomnoi KpyrB, ho 
HaffB HHHii 6HJia zpoui Toro Ayra, npHRaoanmaflOH ki ero BepxHeiiy 
BpaD, o6a ROHi^a KOTopot 6ujih o6pan^eHE[ h» KBopxy, a Ksnay. Ka- 
^aiocB, 6yAT0 STa Ayra Gmira ^aoTBD KOjn»i^a, i^OHTpi Koroparo lexajrB 
riy6oRO noA^ jyHoi. Ha hhshbhi KpaD lyHHaro sojmi;a noitin^aiaoB 
tioJUBmafl jioxHafl iryHa bjih Bipffbe 6ojn>inoe oBtraiQeeoH npoctpaHOTBO, 
Boero OHJiBHte BUGTynaDn^ee na BepxHOft ofopofffc, bi tovb Miort| 
r^t oho oonpHKacaioGB cb koji[bii[0]|'B h OKpyxeno 6iuo xexTUM'B Bepx- 
HHHi KpaevB, OTKyAa oho yxe vh BEjsfk ipeyronHHRa paonpooram- 
locB m HH8y. noneperB jiyHu npoxoAHiR OBiTflndiioii hoaoou, h boo 
BMioTl irpoHSBOffHiio ^kaHTacTiqeoKoo BneqaTitme. 

Cy66oTa, 22 AORafips. Boe tott» xe loro-BOOTO^HHft BbTop'B; owh 
opeBpaTHXofl Bi HaoTOHH^ift nrropiTB, apocTHO saBHsaDiiiit bi TaBO- 
lasi. npiiiTHo cjiymaTB ero saBHBaHui, xaB^B Rani 6ypfl, BtpooTHO 
tiHcrpo roHHTB sacB Ri oiBepy. Ctohtb MHi BHoynyTB rojosy hbi aa- 
laTRH Ha naiy6i, ^rro6H BOKpyrB mohx'b ymet Tonaei xe naqajiB 
cBHcraTB fitTepib, Hpoorno saSHsaa CHirb vni wh ihi^o, laRfB vro vb vk- 
cRoiBRO MiiHyrB H cTaBOBjTDOB 6ijmwb. Hsi oOoepsaTopiH bb cfffcxHOft 
XHxiHi^ E Aaxe na eme HeHBmeM'B pascTOHHiH ooBotirB yxe EejrBsg 
pasjoraHTB Fram; ^axe rias'B hoibbh pacRpuTB, ^o6h ohh TornacB-xe 
yxe He nanojiHH2HCB OHiroH'b. 

MBi-6ii oqoHB xoriiooB SHaTB, npomiH-JiH mu yxe 83^ ho ona- 
caDOB BoeraRH, tfo pa^ocTB Hama 6yAeTB HenpoffoixHTeJirBHa, rani 
KaRB 6apoifeTp'B ohabho yirajTB, h BiTepi 6o»inex) ^aoTBX) Aopsaxoa 
Ha ORopocTH 13 — 15 MerpoBi b-b oeRyH^y. 

Okojio noxoBHHH AB'bHaAi^aTaro hoih oyAHO noABepraooB OHnHOHy 
HaHopy JiBAa. Boe saipeaKajio h h, xexa bi RoftRt, AOJiro en^e o^y- 
n^ajTB, RaRi naAO mhod boo apoxhtb. HaRoaei^, vnt yAaxocB nnxe 
paBoramaTB vpoxoTB h HeptTHpanie iBAa. fl nopy^aiB naooBony no- 
tsMOTpiiTB, FAt npoHoxoAtTB AaBJiede iBAa h ho rposHrbiH pasBaxHTBOH 
lama XBAnna, a raRse He noABepraerofl-jra onaoHooni tto HH6yAB h81 
lamen) BoopyxeHia. Ot% ooc6iiiHit, ^o mjwb nanopa onraiHTCfl Raai 
onepoAH, TaRi h csaAH cyAHa, ho boI bx Tanexaxt BcoTaRH HimaerB 
xopomeHBRo pasoxumaTB. 

CeroAHH, oroxo I2V9 ^acoBi yrpa, Fram noABeproH BTopHVHOvy 
enxBHOvy yAapy, ROTopui 6iixi en^e cnxBHie, HiifB ho^d. Ji^^kme 
loctfk yAapa Bce npoAoxsaxo ApoxaTB;— ero yaasHBajTB, mo nanopa 
iuxi no3aAH Haoi, ho h3'b sa 6ypH HH^ero ne 6uxo cxuhho. 3th 
lanopH npoACTaBXADrB niTro yAHBHToiBHoe, moxho 6iU0 6£i noAy- 
laTB, mo OHH npex:(e Boero BtiBfiieaiDTCfl BiTpovB. Ho ohh nacTyna- 

9TB AOBOXBHO IipaBHXBHO, XOTfl TODOpB OH^O hItB UpHXHBa; HtCROflBRO 

let TOHy HaeaA'B, RorAa na^axocB AaBxede, 6eixi» Aaxe otxhbb. He- 

BffB 9THM^, B'B ^OTBeprB, BT» SVa ^HCOBl H CHOBa Vb IIV2 ^aOOBl), 



198 ITCCKOB BOrATOTBO. 

XH EonmaiH Haoioiuo cnxBinie toi^kh, hto neAep^i HaxoAHBmitoir 
Bosii OTsepcriii bo uaj, OA^sHHaro ^u onyonmii jiroTa, HioKonKO 
pasi BosaKHBacb Ha Honr, BOo6pasas, mro le^ib Qo^rb hhmi pasxa- 
VHBaeTefl. 8to b'b BHcmefi oreneHH cTpauo; wa oioibko BpeiceHB 
6Hjni ooBepmeHHo onoKoiKii, a Tenepb npHxoAHirb noTra vb sepBHoa 
oooTomie, KaKi tojibko Fram noABepraeroa yxapairb, h boo HanHaerL 
XpoacaTb, Tono otb ouBHiftmaro sexierpaoeHifl. 

BocspeooHBe, 23 A6Ka6pfl. Biiepib no npexHexj fiesi HsiciHeHift 
H ]sjerh 00 oRopooTBD 12 — 14 Morp. B'B ooKjEAy. MflieiB Tasaa, iio 
unero HoiBdA pasrJurAiTB, h KpjroirL i^apoTByeTb nyfioKaa TBMa. no- 
saxH pa naiyfii, BORpyrb pyjieBoro KOJieoa h y 6opTa HaMexo bhoobul 
OHiroBiifl Kyn, Taai ^ro, bhxowi Ha najiyOy, mu Bnoni MOsoK'b 
noHHTB, qxo ^Koo apKTBTOcxaa SHMa. Mh aojooui 6iitb paxu, qro 
Hani HO HyacHO nyoxaTBoa vh nytB b'b TaRyn sHiiy e hto mi icoseirb* 
yipiiTBOfl noA% HaBioi h ^pes'B IDE's npo6paT&otf b'b leniyx) BOftKy. 
OxKaso, osopo» BipoETEO, npEAOTB E Hania oiepoAB e mh aoiseh 6y- 
xnrB ooiaBaTBCfl Boieft seBoieft na otkphtomi B08Ayx'&, xhoei e 
HOHBD E Vb Tasyx) se EonoroAy. 

CeroAHE yTpoE'B neTepceHi,KOTopHAAoiseH'B6iu'BHoqBX) EafixD- 
AaTB sa oofiauME, ebeioe vh oaxoEi e oiipocEJii>, eb xoqeTB-XE Bta 
BE6yAB oTnpaBETBOfl (yb eeei sa Jiegb oi pysBeEi», laxi Bas'B oe'b 
yBipoE'E, TTO lavib ootb EexB^AB. Mti o'b nexepoiTB nomiE, eo ee* 
iiero Ee mofxe EaflTE, a co6aKE« Kas'B toxbko yBEAixE Eao-B, uepe- 
OTaiE xaflTB E npEEEJiECB EFpaTB Apy^ 01 ApyroM'B. IIoroAa 6HJia 
yxaoEafl; npoTEBi Biipa ho^e BaxBaruBaio AHxaflie, e oEin Ea- 
6flBaiofl Bi poTB E wb Eoox. Ropa6jiB MOSHo 6iuo pasriEAiTB nniB. 
Ea pasoTOflsiE E'&OKonsExi maroBx, E noaroEy eo oji^AOBaio A^ieKO 

OTXOAETB. UpETOEl BOJI'fcAOTBie BBDEE E AOAEEUX'B XOIMOB'B EATE 6jilO 

TpyAEO E noxEEyTflO npflxoAEJiooB TO onoTUxa'TLCfl oE^KHyx) xy^y^ 
TO npoBaiEBaTBCfl Vb EEy. KpyroMi 6iua HenpouEAHafl tbim. Bapo- 
Eerpi, OEXBEo ynaBEiUI, Ea^ian EOEsoro noAHHaTBoa e TenepB oro- 

ETL npEfiXESETeXBEO Ea 726 XEIXS]feTpaX!B« * TepEOEOTpi^ nOOTOEESO- 

EOBHmaeTCfl e nooii o6iAA nosa8iiBaji'By«6-^21,3«C. Biipo^eMi, to- 
nepB owb oEOBa Ea^utflaerB naA&iB, xote BiTepi eo ESE^^EExofl. Bi- 
pOETEo, aroTB BiTopi nepoABEHyi^ sacB hi^ liopomee pasoTOEHie B'b 
oiBopy, no Boelt b^poeteoote A&xeso sa 83\ 

npiflTEo oxymaTB Kax'B BiTep'B saBUsaerB e myEETB vb TaKexas*!^ 

AXI, eOJflfo TOXBKO EaEl EO 6HE0 E3BiOTEO, ETO BOt BOHEUfl paAO- 
OTE XpaTKOBpeEeEEli! 

Oeoxo hoxeohe BEEBi npHmexi pyxeaofl, oTOEBmifi Ea Baxrb, m 
cootiH^fljrB, ^TO lOA^B paoKOxoxoE no (iiESOOTE AOEEKa xepMOHerpoBi, 
MOSAT HHErb E OTBepoxieE'B Aifl lOTa. 9to (Ssua xa-se caMaE Tpen^E- 
Ea, xoTopaa o6pa80BaiacB xiTOirB, oEa TonepB cEOBa paoxpuxaoB. IIo 
Boeft BipoETHocTE, BOfl xBAEEa, fla xoTopot Mu EaxoAEECfl, paoxoio- 
xacB OTi» OAEoro OTBopoTiE AO jffijTOTO. Mu BUseoxE TopEorpa^ a 



r 



CPEAE HOHH H JIBAA- 199 



xpyrie HHOTpyiieBTii isx aomiks, ?to6ii se aoiepflTb htl bo Bpeiiff 
H&ifopa iB^a. 

?6TBeprB, 27 j^enipB. Omm npomio Poxaootbo, a mh boo en^e 
BixoAniofl TSK% xaieso on poaihbi; uki 8to BoeraKH rpycTHo. 
Bnpo^eiTB, 11 H6 npexaDCb MeJiaHXOJiiH b OKopito Aase pa^yDOB. 7 
jieu Tasoe lyBOTBo, sasB 67AT0 < oxEAaD qero U67AB o^ohb ZBBr 
^ireiiHaro, iro noia eme OKpiiBaerofl bo wpwb 6yA7nvtro. IIOGii 

AOJTTHX'b ^aOOBl HeHBBiOTHOOTH fl TOnOpB BHSy KOHO^B TOMHOt HOU 

B sa GOMBlBaDOB, HTO BOO ROH^uiTCfl 6jH[aroiioiyiHO, vro Hu He sanpaoHo 
coBepimm CBoe nyTemecTBie, h Boi Hanm HaAexxu onpaBAaDioa. 
BuTb Hoxen oyABOa HSoiiAOBaTejui x^oTBHieuHo Tflsejia h« xasB 
Bci yBipuDTB, noiHa Bcjism pasoupoBaHift, ho ona laBxe noma 
m cjrxmxi xriOBeHlfi, Ror^a ohi biahtb toptootbo ^eioBi^ecsofi 
Bon H npeAyoMorpHTeAHOOTH h BAan ero MaHHTB raBaHB oqaoTBH 
K Hipa. 

H HaxoaKyoB bi HacroHH^ee Bpemi fb o^ohb orpaHHOxi HaorpooHiH 
H HomiTHBaix oHiBHifimee fiesaosoflcTBo. fl ooBoiirB ne 6HjrB bb pac- 
noJoxeHiH nnoaTB bth j(hh; miciH 6iryTB h neyAepsHMo crpeiiaTOfl 
Bn6peAi>. fl oaiTB C66ir ne Hory hohhtb. Ho kto mosotb noanaTB ray^ 
Obh£I ?ej[0BiiecK0ft Aynm? JEHdHB— TauH oiosHaa ManiHHa! 

8tO BXOpOe POSAOOTBO, ^TO mi npOBOAHlTB A^ORO Vb yexHHOHiH 

Ho^, wb ip^poTBi oHepTH, oisepHie h AaiBme, lAwb sorxa JUrtSo. 
CTpaHHoe ^yBOTBo HomiTUBaeniB npn mhcjih, tto 8to 6yfl0rB 
HocjttAHee PosA^OTBo, npoBOAeHHoe na Fram. IIoTrH craHOBHTOii 
rpyoTHO, sorAa 061 btomb AyMaemB. Cy^HO oraio HannnrB bto* 
psjTB oreieoTBOMB. HamH coroBapra^H, 6iiTB mosotb, en^e 6yAyTB 

HpOBOABTB BffbOB POXAOOTBO H ^aSO HO OAHO, HO yXO 6631 HaOB, 

TaK'B saRB mi otb hhtb yAanMcs vh yeAHHenie. 

PoxAOCTBO npomio Ha 8T0TB pa» AOBOUHO THXo, HO oioHB npi* 
aTHO, H ^oiy noBiARMOMy, lyBoiBOBaiH cete npoRpaoHO. He Maio co- 
jiifloTBOBaio Hameft pnocm to odoroflxencTBO, ^ro Biiepib npHHoo^ 
H&M'B, RaRB posAeoTBeHQstt HOAapoRx, 83^ Hame cqaeiBe npoAOisa- 
jiocB AOiBme, ifbwh h opHxan. Bi noHOAiiBHHR'B h btophhkb BtTepi 
6iin> OH^e xoBOJiBHO oBixif , ho sartirB nanan naxaTB h HOBopHyjTB 
RB otBepy H otBepo-BOQTOjBy. Bi^j^ h oeroAHH jsjn otBepo-saiiaAHHt 
BiTGpB. Hy, CB BTHHi HysHO npHMHpHTBOfl, HHaqo HO MoxeTB 6hzb^ 
BpeHeHaMH aojdkhh xyiB h upoTHBHue Birps; BipoHTHO, BTOTB Rferepx 

H6 6jJtfiTb AOJirO A^RTBCJI. 

Bi posAOCTBeHCRifi go^oibhhri cootohjioob, roho^ho, 6oiBnioe nnp^ 
lEecTBo. Gtojtb 6ujn> pasyRpameHi AifloTBHTOAHO BenRoiinHo pos« 

AeCTBeHORHMH HHporaMH, npHHHRaifH, ROBpHXRam H BOflRHMH laROM- 

cis«vH. Mnoro jnoAeS naBipnoe He HMiDrB laRoro yroni(eHia! Kpoirt 
Toro, H H BieooBHrB vb norb JiHi^a npopa6oTaiH jxjkxhA aohb, tio6h 
isroixkBHTB cnoupnoe maxnaHCRoeSSS, Roropoe npoHSBOio oencai^. 
Ka^Auft B8B HaoB noiarai'B, ^to mi niiieirB npaBo ropAHTBOH cbohitb 
iqioisBeAOHiexB, Tan RaR'B maxnaHORoe 6iuo npHToroBieHo hsb <bh* 



200 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO, 

HorpaAa noupHoft o6jiaoTH>— Mopomsff. manaaEGKoe aoHpaBHiocB e 
6wL0 BUHHTo 16 najio GoKasoBi SToro 6jiaropOAHaro HannTKa. IIoTOirb 
tfsua npHHoceHa i^iuiaa sy^a uiDoipHpoBaHiaixi EHHrB, saxiirb 6uia 
Mjsuxa, nydnuHfl qieHia h nisie; B&hwb 6iuo Beoexo. 

B'b nepBHt AOHB PoxAecTsa y Haoi, roh6^ho, fiun ooo6erao toh- 
BiA odijiib H BCJitxT> SKTiwb Kc$e H npiroTOBieHHufi Ha cjAHi uo- 
paoo, nocjA lero HopAaJCb abuca cb pycesHHii naupooaiii. Be^e- 
poiTb npHHoceiTb ihUL-b MoponiKOBHi DyEmi. MormraAX Brpajn> Ha 
OHpnoRt, H 8T0 Tas'B HaDiesTpHSoBaxo IleTepceHa, hto owb nani npo- 
ntn H iipoTaHii[OBajrB. Oai ofiHapyxHJii 6ouniot ROMH^eoidl TaiaHTL 
H HeooKH'&HHo HMien paonoiosenie &% daiery. IIpooTO yxBBffreibHO 
Ao ^ero BexBKa ero paBHooropoHHoeiBt Ohi» 6wcb iiainHaHOTOHi, sya- 

Hej^OlTL, XeOTHHHKOHl, HOBapOHl, I^epeHOHilllfeCTepOMl, ROHHKOITB H 

laHi^opoMi, ovb BUKasacb Tauie 6oamjM> oaoco6HOCTB n napHXHaxep- 
oKOHy HOKyooTBy. Beqeporb oootojuoh «6oiBinot 6ajrL>, bo Bpem soro- 
paro MoriETajpi noMMewb 6ujn> TaKi» mhofo Hrpan, tto non n Hero 
JDUi pyqBeifS. HaMi cb raHoeHOiTB npHHiJiooB H3o6pasaTB a^ki* He- 
TopooHi 6un leyroHHKB; owb noBiflJiGfl, ^ro ocjith npn BOSBpan^eHiH 
AOHoft y Hero eiqe ORasoTOji Ha HoraxB napa oaaorB, to ohi fiyAen 
TaHi^oBaTB AO TixB nopB, noKa 6yAyTB AepxaTBOH hoxohibh. 

no Mipt Toro, xasB wa noABHraeMCfl Bnepexi^ cnama npH Dro- 

BOOTO^HOMBj HOTOMB DpH BOOTOHHOHB Btipt, HaCB B06 60Jrle H 60J;Ae 

pad6HpaeTB jno6oiiHTOTBo: mi xothitb BnarB, RaKB j^mo mu samxir, 
HO Bce BpeHfl 6Hj[a BBnra^HJirH He6o 6iuo noKpiiTO o6iaKaHH, tasB 

HTO H6IB3fl 6iU0 UpOEBBOABTB HHKaSHXB HafilDAeHlft. Mk npOADOia- 

rajiH, Tto oyAHo name nponuo nopHAOwoe paBoroHoie kb olBopy, ho 
KasB flfJLevx) MH aanuiH sa 83% BToro hbkto ho mofb osasaTB. 

BApyrb TaHooHB o6BflBBjiB Hani oeroAHfl nocit oe^A^, tto moxho 
BHAiTB sBisAK. Mh Bot npHnUH BB B086ysAOHHoe cooTOHHie, ho KOFAa 

OHB OOmejIB BHHS'B, TO CSasaJIB HaHB, ^TO HafijnOAIUCB TOABKO OAHy 

8B!fc8Ay, EOTopafl, oAHaKo, Ta&i 6U3R0 cTOAjia KB MepHxiany, ^to okb 
OTODxa saEjnomB, hto ms, bo bohkohb oxf^ai, naxoAHMOfl oiBepaie 
83<^20' ciB. mHpoTU. HsBloTie bto, KOHe^HOit BHSBaio BceoSmee n* 
xoBaHie. Ecih mh en^e ho aoothfih BHcmeft otBopHofi mEpoTii, syAa 
ente ho npH6jiHsaxcfl hh oahsb 9ef09iKB,.TO,ao boheomi oiy^ai, ne- 
Aureso otb hoh. 3to 6iuo (Soume, nAwb mi oxHAaxH, h noBTOvy na- 
orpooHie y HaoB tiuLo npanoAHaToe. TaE'B EaEB B^epa tun BTopoi 
AdHB npasAHHEa h npn btohb IObijib npasAHOBan a^hb oBoero pox 
AeHiH, TO, pasyMiexcfl, y hbgb 6Hjn> H3ii6EaHHHt o6iA'^ oocrofln^ift 
H8<B cjKiAyKiE^HXB EymaHifl: cyiTB HB'B fiU^aUHX'B xbootobb, cbhhhb 
KOTXOTH, 6pyoHHnoe BapoHBOy i^iTHaH sauyora, ^piEaAeiH, sap- 

TOijfeXh, BapOHBe HSB OMOPOAHHH, TOPTB H npOBOCXOAHUft MHHAaiBHHt 

HHporB 6B HaAOHGBX): cQlaedelig Lul> (BeoejKoe Posaootbo) — ^noAHe- 
ooHle 6yj[0UHEa FaHoeHa wh XpaoriaHiH. Kpovi tofo, HaiBi^- 
BKorpaKTB. Mu He MoaeNi noxaxoBaiBOH Ha nsoxoe xHTBe. 

CeroAN yrpoMB, oeojio 4xb uoobb, cyAHo nojymo ohebhuI 



I 



^ 



I CPEAH HOU H IBAA. 201 

V 

• TOJTtos'L, 0Tb KOToparo Bce sEAposajio; HO mjiia Haaopa He 6bu[o 

fHHiiiHo. Okoio 57a ^acoBi fl ejoimajTB o% npoireacyTRaiiH TpeoKX h 
mjwh nioBj^HXb jnAHHi, Ha^aBinillciE vb OTKpirrot xasaBi. Be^e- 
poiTB MH oiiiman TaRoS se myirB, ho jie^i 6HjrB cnoKooHi; n^eiB 
T 6aK6opKa cHosa diotho saspHiaoB. 

nATHii^a, 2d-ro AeBa6pji. yTpoHi h Bumeii, ito6h nooHOTplTB 
tpemiHj 7 6aK6opAa, nacToiBKo paomapHBinyDOfl, mo oHa npespa- 
TBJiacB Bii OTKpirryD sanaBj. PaajHteroH, sa mhod noojriAOBaiH co- 
(Sau. He ycnin h Aaieso otoSth, sain* yBHAix'B, vro Kasafl-TO reif- 
Hiui 4^Hrypa npoBaiHBaeTOH nepexi mohmh nadaHi. 8to 6fi[n «IIaHi>, 
•oRaTiBiHittcfl ci BHoosaro spyioro spaa jiB^a npano wb BOAy. Ha- j| 

npaoHO OFB crapaJioH BUJitsTB; KpyrorB 6uia CHlssafl THHa, h tOLVjih 
HejiBBfl 6hio BciaiB Ha hofh. A HarnyiOH Ha^pB BpaeMi iB^a, ^to6u ^i 

npH6j[H3HTBca zi> oodaict, ho 6hj[0 oJiHmsoHi bhooso h h qyTB-qyiB ] 

HO CBaiHiofl qepeai roioBy. fl BUTaoKHBajii tojebko Kyoo^KH iBAa h i 

soMBH oHtra. Tor^a a saspnan, ^0621 mhI AaxH Tonopi am iB^a, i 

HO npesjte, vtarB luA ero npHHeon, €naHi>» yse cavB BsiRapa6- I 

I uxes. ^to6h eorpiTBCH, ofb oiajTB h8o Beixi chjtb nparaTB na ibAOHi, ] 

\ oHpyxeHHHft APyrHHH oofiaKavH, KOTopsH rpoMKO xaHH, crpeHHOB, Bt- i 

' poHTHO, BHiaaaTB BTiMi cBoio pa^ooTB HO noBOj^ ero cnaceHiH. Ror^a '] 

€naHi» ynan vh Bo^y, oni boI oo6pajiHCB so VHt h, CHOTpa Ha | 

neHfl, BHSsaiH; ohobhaho, ohh xorbiH, qTo6i h noMorB hxi TOBapnmy. | 

Ohh HHiero pasniiAiTB He mofxh, ho Bce fitraiB no spaD ibahhu, f| 

noKa cofeKa caHa ne BudpaJiaoB h3i boah. B% Apyroe Bpeva HtKo- 
TOpiiH HSi co6aKi 6mtb mosotb 6hih 6n roTOBii paaopBaTb oBoero 
TOBapHn^a na RyoKH, ho TaxoBH ysi Bci ooeAaHia 8Toft somxh. cIIarB* 
loxseffB 6urb Boe BpevH nooii o6iAa npoxesaib bi oaioHi, yto6u 
npocoxnyTB. 

HesaAOJiro ao 9vs ^aooBi BO^epa oyAHO HcnHTaxo orpamnufl toi- ^| 

^OKi. A BHmejTB Ha BeprB, ho ho mofb pasoxirmaTB HHRasoro myMa j| 

Hanopa. BtTeprb tbei saBHBaJTB bb TaseiaHcfa, ito HHBaBHXi Apynxi | 

sBysovB pasxHqHTb 6iuo oaiBaa. Bi lOVa woob%— Btopofl yAapi« 1 

sarbHi, BpeMenaMH hoxh« taxo oniyiaaTB Roxe6aHifl oyAna h oboxo 1 

ll7t ucoB% TOx^sH GTaxH eHXBv&e. 0<ieBHi(HO, xeAib cABHraeTCfl rjs^ 4 

Hi6yAB no 6xh30oth. SI toxbho vra tofinpaiOH OA^TbOfl, vto6u norxH- n 

AiTB, iTO A^aoTOH, KOFAa BApyrB MormraAB coc6n^HXi, ^to nepeA% \ 

oyAHOVB o6pa80Baxca Buoosit xoxvb. Mu bshxh ^napH h nomxH. 1 

B'B 56 maraxi otb fiyrmnpHra BosBHinaicfl Kpyioi xoxHXt npooTH- I 

paBmiftofl BAOXB KanaBH, nwh, rA% A^Bxenie 6uxo o^ohb ohxbho. JIoa^ ! 

SMixi, Tpemaxi h rpoxoraxii no Bcei axhh^ KanaBH; niyMB Maxo \ 

naxy yHeHbrnnxoH, ho ohb noBTopfliefl ^epesB npaBHXbHiie npo- 

Byrn BpoMeHH, ebki 6yAT0 bb tasTB. IIOBHABHOMy, bto 6bixi> 6oxb- | 

)D qaeTBD OBise saHepsmift xbai, ho bi> Kewb noaaAaxnoB n 6oxb- 

A XBAHU. JiBAHHa, HB soTopoft xosaio oyAHo, pacKoxoxaoB bOxhsh 

), H xeAB, exysBBmilt oMy xoseM^, orax'B yMenBrnaTBOH. HaMi 6u j 

i xotIxocb, OAHaso, qTo6H btotb xeAflHott xoxui onyoTBXOH npuio J 



202 pyCCSOB BOrATOTBO. 

noA'B caMuiTb Hoooirb ojahs h jmerB noffB Hero, Tasi sasi owb^ 
Mon 6u npHUHiiTb ey^Hj HtKoiopizt BpeA'B. Xota sAtl HHSUuon^ 
ocHOBaHifi osH^aTB BToro, HO fi BoeTftRH npHKasan uoobomj sopsa 
Hft&iDAaTb sa xoiMoifB H TOTqacL se pasfijAHTb MeHji, eon lexoHas 
rjui6a npiABEHOTCH cjiHinKOH'b 6xh8Ko, hjeh lex'B no^i Haira fijAon^ 
rpoBHTb pacKOJiOTiiOfl. no Bcett BipoflTHocTH HaQopit, npoAoisaBmitoii 
HioKonRo qaooBi, cRopo npeRTpaTUGir. Houd b'btph ^oTBeprH nep- 
Baro M n OHOBa o^jthih HicKoiBKO cmHHX'B T0j[«0Bi, H H Aase lexa^ 
vb KoftBi Mora pasoiumaTB myiTB cABHraBmarooa JtBAa, ne oioTpa Ha» 
saBUBaHie Blipa b^ TasejiaaRl. 



ruBa IX. 
HobuH roA'b 1895. 
CpeAa, 2-e AHBapa 1895 r. HHKorAa eme nps saiajii Hosaro ro^a. 

fl H6 HaXOAHICfl Vb laKOHl OrpaHHOITb HaOTpOOHiH. Bo BQflROlTB ojiy* 

^aAy wb SToiTB roAy aojishu ooBepmiTBCfl BasEiu cotiurii, s o^ohk 
Moserb 6uTB, tto 8to fiyAen oahhi hsi saiiqaTejiBHiftiiiHX'B foaob^ 
Koet SH8HH, Boe paBHO, npHHeoen* jib ohi mh^ noCixy um nopase- 

Hie. B'b BTOM'B Mipi JIBAOFB roAU npoxoAHTi H yxoAHTb COBepmOHHO 
HesaiiiTHO, h mu Tasse Maxo SHaeiTB, ^to ohh npHHecu vb oo6oi> 
leioBtieoTBy, RaRi h to, ito npHHeoyrb ci cofion no3AHi8mie ropi* 
B% BToi 6e3M0J[BH0ft npHpoAl He npoHOxoAiTL HHRaRHXi oo6HTil, Bee 
noxpuTo MpaxovB, h sbIsau cBepxanTb wb HeHSMipHMOirB oTAaxeHLr 
Bi xoioAHoi Hou. Fram eme HexBSH orqenHBo pasriHA^TB; ^epHUH 
MaiTU BiicrynaDTb hsi oxpysanniei TeHHoru h noAHHMaDTca BBOpxi^ 
R% cBiTan^eiofl Toxai SBisAi. He'sairtTHofi to^roA lesHrb oyAHO, sa* 
lepflBineeoH vb fiesROHenom, Aa^eRoirB iiapoTBl oHeprn. Ho hoav 
ero naiy6ofl, t^hi ho Menie, HaxoAHTCH yAOtfHoe y6&KHn^e jubb. TpB- 
HiW^aTH ^eiOBiRi, ROTopHxi He nyraerb Bejnraie aioro ii,apcTBa. Tam 
BHHsy 6beT(Mi nyjiBOi shshh, iievAy rlm^, xaxi RpyrovB onapyxK 
iiapflrB cMepTB H 6e8MoxBie, HpepHBaeMoa^vmB no BpeMenaMi, qepes^ 
AiHHHue npoMOsyTRH, cTparnHHiTB rpoxoMiTB iBAa, RorAa ero rHraHT- 
oKifl HacoH HauHaioTb BOJiHOBaxtog. Cpeffi riy6oRot THmHHH btotb 
rpoxoTB SByHHTb RaKB yrposa, ^yBOTByeroa 6j[H80ct& A^ifOHH^eoRHX'B 
CHJTB, BexHRanoBB apRTH^ecRHxi ofijmcreft, oi rotopumh naifB, (tenB^ 
MOseTB, npHAOTOH Been oMepTeuHyD 6opB6y. Ho mh nrb m 
60HMOH. 

il qaoTo ATvaD meRouHpoBORoi Bioii, 01 HexaHXoiH^eoRurB 
Tepnimeirb BosotAaDn^eft na oBoevB MpaMopnoifb UBeAeciait. PftSBi- 
Mil SA^B He KoseiTB ojiysHTB TaRHiTB SO H8o6paseHie]rB ctepniHiji 
Ha MpaMop6>, ROFAa ohahicb na XBAy h npeAOcraBueMi roAaiTB npo* 
xoAHTB, BO oaouaHiH Toro, TTo HaorymiTB h name Bpeiia? il 6h Morb 
Ha6pocaTB borhsi lanoi oTaryH lepniniH. Ona Hsofipasaia 6u oah- 
Hoxaro leioBinai b'b RooMaTOt BoxiBei Hiy6i, noRpHiofi HHoeirB, k 



CPE^H Hon H JbAA.* 20a 

OHJtflmarO HE JEOAflHOITb XOlMi, SnepiffL BSOpH BO KpaS'B, OKJTilBai)* 

mit rpoHEAHH' leAaHHfl xaccH, h xosix&hcb BOSBpaQeHia ABOBHoro 

CBiTa H BeOHH. 

Bi oflTHHi^ souD, nooii laea, yse ho on^ymaiooB HHKasora 
xaBJiOHia, HO B^epa Beqepom oho onaTB Haqaxoob. Cnaqaia a ycjoi- 
Hiai^ oryKi h orb Taaeiaaca aa Kpiiiny na2aTKH« Tjs!k a oha'^jtb h n^ 
Tan, noBaiHioa CHin. Bhulo noxose aa Ha^HHanniiica aanopi XBAa. 
SartiTB Fram noAaeprca Taaoiiy oHiBHOMy Toiqsy, aaaoro mh eo^e hBt 
pasy ae* oD^yn^aia sa noojiiAanD saicy, Taai ^to an^aai, Ha aoTopoMs 
H GHAtn, saRaqaxea. TaK'bKaK'BR0xe6aHia h crysi npoAOAaEauob, m 
a BHmexL. C'b sani^a a olaeposanaAa pasAaaaioa rpoM aift rjn cabh- 
raBmaroca jiBAa, npoAoxsaBinifloa okoio AByxi qaooBi. ysi ae na 
oiy^an xh aoBaro roAa npHB:bTCByeTb Haoi jeoa'b Taaaai o6pa3oarb? 

Mh npiaTHO npoBexH KanyHB Hoaaro roA&» aonHeaa MopomsoBUft 
nyHBTB, nosypaaaa Tpy6Ra h nanapocu, a Ho^ero, aoaeuo, roaopaxB^ 
qro y aaox 6£uo oooTBttcTByDn^ee yrom^eaie bi Hsodaiia h mu 6e(A^ 
Aoaaia o cTapoM'B a hobomi roA'b a CyAyn^ax'b roAft^i** HrpajiH na. 
QspHnai H Ha rapiiOHiyMi. HaoTynaxa aoxaoqb a BieocaarB npaaecL 
asi aaaoro-TO, noBaABMOHy, HeHseaKaeiiaro acTOHaaaa 6yTiu[Ky aa- 
eToan^aro HopaepauBaro aaaepa, a mh pocnaia ee bb lecn craparo m 
Hoaaro roAa. 

CaHo C0601) pasyaieTca, hto ira hoboibho BcnoMaaiH, ^rro aio 
BTopaa Borptia aoaaro roAft Ha Fram a iio hh, no acefi aipoarHOCTH, 
vh nooxiAHift pt^3i npoBOAHH'b aroTb aohb BHiorlL Mil no6xaroAapajiB 
ApyrL Apyra sa Apys6y a Ao6poe Toaapan^eoTBo; aasTOasx aaoiBbA^ 
He Ayvarb, tto apoMa npottACTb Tan xopomo. CaepApyni BucaaaanL 
noacexaaie, ^no6a[ nyremecTaie, aoTopoe mh cb loraaoeaoai 006a- 
paeiiea npeAnpaaarb, bo aoixi oraomeaiaxi 6wlo o^uoiJuiBuirb k 
ycaimaHMi, snbwb mh aunaxa aa SAopoBLo a 6xaroA6HOTBie rixi^ 
KTO ocTaHOTca aa Fram b'b npeAoroanieMi roAy, Taai aaai mh HMoaHO 
ai> BTOMii roAy npoAnoiaraeMi paaoraiboa. Totb caaHft aiiepx, boto- 
psii saBHBaerb aaA^b aaaaiBi Taaexasif roaarb aaoi ae toxbbobs 
HOHSBioraHa o6xacTa, aa aaeaHo vb taaia ancoKia mapoiH, syAa, 
en^e aa pasy ae aorynaxa flora qeioaiRa. Mh ^yaeTBOBaia, ^0 aa- 
^aaanniiftoa roAi* 6yAerb izoaopoTMifMi» nyaRTOMi jifis. aamei BRoneAa- 
JifM. nycTb STOTb roAnE» 6yAeTB ocoOohho xoponiHM'b Axa xDAell aa Fraia 
H noMosen hmi npotra anepoA'B a bhqojihhtb cbod aaAany, Taasa 
aaRL H Ao CHXi noprb ohh Bunoaaaxa ee; TOPAa yarb iperto ae no- 
OMieTB ooMaiaaTboa n tobtb, tto daaaaaci Fram oaasaiea aa bhootI 
aBoeft saAau. 

AeaB aoaaro roAa npomexi npa tom^ se alrpi, npa rtxi sa 
iBteAax'B a Toi xe Tbai, rsri a paHbme. A^^se a^ noiAOHB ne sa- 
iiTBo 6hj[0 hh Maxiimaro OBiia sapa aa K)xaoMi ropasoHTi. Biepa. 
aai noRaaaxocB, ^to oaa noaaaxaob, no ae6y paGnpooTpaaaxca oxa6Hft 
BBin, ao owb Chxi sexToaaToGixaro i^aira a oxamsoai bhooro hoa- 
laxaxoa^ laai ^to a caopie AyvaK), tto bto 6hxo (ybaepHoe oiaaie^ 



204 ' PFCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

€eroxBfl TERse He6o b6j[H8h ropHsosra Easeroa "VfTh-^jrh QBirsuwh^ 
HO BpflA^-jiH 8T0 ^TO HB6y;^ APTi'oe, a hb oTfiieoKi ctBepHaro ciaHiii, 
paonpooTpaHflion^arooii Ha;^ o6iaKaHH sa ropnaoHTi ■ Boero pts^e 
BupaxesHaro no Bpaaiii. Tacofi se tohho osirb mosbo saiiiTHTB h 
B% Apyroe Bpeiifl h bi jqpjroMi M'i^oTi Ha tophsohtI. Bo^^ijTb Bqepa 
IShxb oco6eHHo npospaqea'B, a ropHBOHTB BcexaKH ocTaBaica HloROJibKo 
^(Sia^HHiTB H TyMaHHHM'B. Ho^D 6ujio ooofieHHo apsoe ctBepHoe cifl< 
Hie. Ha dshovi ropHSOHTi fiizoTpo BtipocTan jsjTootj^toMUQ Jiy« 
DBiTa, noAHHMaDii^eoH no^H jsfl oaMaro seHHra, h hcucbsthhh Jiy^aMH 
H noneperB nn BHAHiiaoB noioca OBtTa, yBinqaHHafl BeiHKoxia- 
hod KopoHOfi, OTpaxeHie HOTopoft, touo jiyHHiii ob^tb, Jiesaio sa 
oEB^y. He6o sasmo oboS ^^aseii no oiyqan HOBaro roxa h jcrpoHio 
B02me6Htifl TaHei^x xj^efi cbItb bo ifpasi Hoqa. 

HeTBoprB, 3-ro BHsapH. ^bhb TpeBonr. Kasi shshb 6oraTa nepe- 
KiHaHH, H6 OMOTpa Ha Bce OBoe OAHOo6padie! Bqepa enie hh orponiH 
njEBHu Ha 6yMn(ee, a oerojiHfl hh MOrn o^htbca 6evb KpoBa na^i 
rojioBott, noKHHynie na iB^yl 

Bi 4Vb ^ao& I'^V^ HpoHsoineJi'B hobhI Haiiop*B iB^a bi oTRptrrofi 

KBHaBl HOSBAH OyAHB, B Vb BflTB qaOOBl 16^% HB^aJTB CABHraTBGfl Vb 

jLaHBBi y 6aK6opAa. Okojio bocbmh qaooBi a npocHyics h oi&unajrB 
Tpecs'B H xpycT&Bie jibab, kbk'b 6yAT0 chobb aoahbhi 6wn» Ha^aTBoa 
Hanopi. Fram ?yTB-^yTB OApornyjicfl boIvb RopnycoHi, h nociamaiofl 
TpeoKi. KorAa a BumejTB Ha najtyCy, to tun ne mbjio H3yMieH%; 
BAOiB BBHaBU y 6aR6opAa, oabb Vb tphai^bth mararB gtb Fram, bob- 
BHmaica orpoMHHt lOABHofi xojnfi, MexAy TiMi rbri Tpen^HHs na 

^TOi OTOpOBl apOOTHpajIBGB 0T% HBCTB HO^H HB 18 HiarOBl. Bct JIB- 

sBBmie 0Ba60AH0 na JiBAy npoAaeTii tua nepeaecenii hb cyAHO, aoorh 
M njTBHKH, orpasAABinia rbroM'B XBXHHy veTOOpoioroB'B, a laRse oa- 
pat A^a ORXBAB BHorpyMeHTOBi, BoeBTopa3o5paHo. Ho BepesRy iotb, 

OCTaBJieHHyK) HaVH B^ OTBOpOTiH, BHiOTi 01 ciT^aTUirB MtniROMl OTO* 

paaxo H yBiORJio vb rjyfinHy. KorAa a HOBBAoiro nepoAi^ o6iAOM% 
OHOBB BunroJTB, TO JiOA^ BApyrB HB^aJTB cABHraTBca. Haaopi odbtb 
npoBGXOAHjrB vb RBHaBi y 6aR6opAa, H'^jrtAaHoi xoxitb, BoiiAi^Bie 
ABBjieHia, nooTeneHHO npBABHraioa. HeMoro nosAHle na najiyfiy bh- 
fnejTB GBopApyni h tottooi se b^wjjlub^ Q0i»aBBB%, vro xoimtb 6ucTpo 
HBABHraeTca na naoi, h hbi^o nepeBecTH na oyAHo na oanaxi* annaparB 
Aia fipocaaia jiotb, tbr'b rbri jieAx yse Tpecnyjii no 6ifl300TH otb 
Hero. JleABHQlt xoimi npB6jiHsaeToa rs hbhi TpeBOSHBirB odpasoHi, 
H eon OHi AOGTHraerB naoii paHBme, ^irB oyAHO ooBo6oAHToa otb 
^BAa, TO A'bflo CyAOTB nioxo. CyAHo HBRpeHHJiooB TeaepB 6oiBine 
^Wb RorAa jh6o. 

nocji'b o&kx^ an saHaxHCB irpHroTOBJieHiaMH na cjryqafi, boihSh 
HpHBUooB noRHHyTB oyAHO. Bct caHB 6tijiB BBioTaBjieHH Ha naiy6t 
Ha roTOBi, a tbrso rbbrh; 20 an^HROBi 07> raiOTaMH ajui oo6aR'B 
K)OTaBJ[eHu Ha jBAy, a 19 ao^BROBi oi xjii6ovB BHaeoeHH HBiTpniia 
II HocTaBieHH Ha Hocy, a tbrso ^renipe seoTHHHX'B s6aHa, bbrjiio- 



GPBAH HOHH H IBM- 205^ 

^aBBiie 200 ihtpob^ Repooiift. Eme paHBme iru HanoiHUH 10 He^ 
(kxxBmHX'b seOTflHuxi ooojAon 100 JiaTpaMH KepooHHa i nepesecjiH 
wxrh Ha naxySy. Chw sa ysHHoi'B, mu 4)jn»naia Bce Torb se rpoxon. 
H TpeoKi i&Aa, KOToputt Boe oTaHOBHTOfl 6nse. BApyn mu yoitimajui 
TpeoKi Kan pasi hoa'b HaMB. H 6poouoii na Bepn. Hanopi npoEo- 
xoAijr& sh HioROJiBKO yAafOHHoi otb naci Kasasi, na^Ti Haoynpo- 
TflBi iiiTHp6opAa. A oaaT& oaycTKioa bhhsi h npiwoji aa yssHi. 
Besopi flBUoa neA^pr^, BirxoAiBmift HajEOA'B) h osasan noofiHSHo^ 
Beaii) n yeirtmKoil: cjneAi* paosaiuBaeTcg le o?6hb to KpaoHBO>. 
JfeAi TpeoHyn HOAaJieKO otl fln^HKa oi oo6a^BEii^ KOpMOEi h xpe^ 
n^Bsa paonpocTpaHuacB dohth ao oaioft BopHn. RorAa a Baoien sa 
Bepxx, TO saoierb, hto TpemHBa a^Ictbetouho ssaqHTeuHa, paA% 
6e8onacHOCTi hbao 6iuo nepoHeoTH Aa^ii^nie BaepeAi* aiqBKH cb Kop- 
Mom. Bospyn oyAia 61110 Tasse xHoro icaieHbBflX'B TpemBsi. 3a- 
ThMi> M oioBa onycTEJiciE BBH3%, saKypBorB Tpy6£y h npHHUOfl ono- 
KoflHo fieciAOBftTB 01 CBopApynoM'B. GuyoTfl Hisoropoe Bpeiu iba^ 
cHOBa Haun Tpen^aTB h HanspaTB, h xota b ho HaxoAtn, ^to6h 
mjwh Giu'b OHiBHte o6uRHOBeHHaro, ho TtMB He HOHie onpooHJTK 
CBAfintKLB wb oaxoffk h Hrpann^BXB bb Bapxu, H'^^tb mm soro HHdyAB^ 
Ha naiy61; eovH h^tb, to nyoTB HT0-HB6yj|B BUijifiTh h hqohotpbtb. 
TAb JioAi oABflraeioB. ToTqaq-b se nocxi btopo h yoxHmai'B HaBopxy 
DOontmBHO mani: bto 621x1 HopAaxB, npHetsaBinift oKasaTB, mto xoai^ 
HauflpaerB Ha 6aK6opA'B. Canoe xyqoiee 6Hxo6tt, eoxB6i KT0-HB6yAV 
ocraBaxcfl na aaiy6'k Mu (tb IleAepoMi tot^bci se iio6teaiH TyAa,. 
a aa hbhh h Apyrie. Bb to BpoMfl, xasB h BsSBpaxca no xioTHHii^^ 
IleAopB KpBSHyxB MHt cBepxy. cHBAO BunycTBTB oo6aKi; OMoxpHre, 
BaxBAy yse B0Aa>. 

Mu npHmifl BOBpexfl, Taxi xaxi BOAa yxe yoTpoMBxacB bb 00- 
6aqBH iiO]fiii]^eHifl h oroaxa aoboxbho bucoso. IleAopB no kox^hb bb. 
boaI npo6paiofi kb ABepflNTB h paoxpuxB hxb. Boxboihhotbo oodaxi 
Torqaoi se BuexoqBXH h 6pooHXflCB 6iraTB spyroiTB, Taxi qro boab. 
paadpusrHBaxacB bo soi OTopoHU, ho APjriH b'b OTpaxi 3a6HXHCB b'b 
yroxi, H HXi BBAO 6uxo BHxaoKBBaTB oTxyAB, xoTH BOAa yse noxpu- 
Baxa jiHi HOFH. BlAHUH sHBOTHual Kaxi» TO OHi ce6a qyaoTBOBaxx^ 
sanepTua Bi TaxoMi rboHoirvnoMin^eHiB, xorAa oho nocTeneEHo oraxo 

HanOXHHTBOH BOAOi. 

nocxi Toro, xaxi co6aKH 6hxh OTBOAeHu bb 6e8onaoHoe irboTO^ 
a ofiomexi xpyroMB^ cyAHa, qTo6u nooMOTpiTB, ne cjiyqaxooB xh emo 
Hero HH6yAB. JLe^h pacxoxoxcfl baoxb cyAxa, h h8i» TpemnHH yerpe- 

^IBJiaOB BOAa B'B Ty OTOpOHy, FAi XBAHXa nOHHSflXaCB BCX^AOTBie A^- 

leHiB, oxasuBaeMaro na Hoe Hf^BHraBniHifoa xejiaHUMrB xoxmohb. III|ex& 
paenpocTpaBBxacB noA'B xysHHay, Boxopaa xaxBirB o6pa80MB oqyxH- 
laeB BB onaoHocTK, h nodxoMy mh nepoBesxree na caHBXB hb 6oab* 
myio xBAHxy HacynpoxHBT> xopira. TyAa se mu nepenecxx h llaniH- 
KOBB CTb neaMHxaHOirB, AmaxH ob oo6aqBHM'B xopaoiix h 19 amBXOB'B 
rb xxi6oHB. Mu xaMi oxiAOsaxexBHo ycxpoHXH Atjiui cxxbab, hb-^ 



"206 P7CGE0B BOriTCTBO. 

•X^CB, TTO TfTb 0Kb tfyAOTB wb 6e8onaoHOCTH, Tasi Kaxi TjTB Jiex^ 

0^6HB TOXOTB H^ nO BOOfi BtpOflTHOCTH, JOTOHrb. Co6UTifl 0TH OSBBHn 

BcixB, H Bci oo6paiHCB Ha naxytit. BuHecfl Ha Bepx'B en^e ^erape 

S60T8HRH 01 KepOCHHOlfB, Mil npHHUHCB Sa pa60TJ H HOpeHeOIH HBl 

TpDiia Ha najiy6y en^e 21 antHBi oi xii6oiii h pasHSe aanaoH: 
neMMHEana, mosoxaAHot iiysH, Maojia, oyxoro 6yji[L0Ha h t. Xm koto- 
puTb HaiTL AOJixHO 6UI0 6h XBaTHTB Ha 200 AHefi, no Hameiry pas- 
D^ery; sarbM'B mh hphfotobhih naiaxKH, Haorb syxoHHHi anaapaTB 
H T. n. TaK'b HTO TeaepB boo 6euo vh nopHAKi, h mi Horu oHosotHO 
je^ onaTB. Ho vh BOHqHjnr pa6oTy toaro Aft'^so aa nojiHoqB. 

SI Bce en^e Ha^iDOB, mo sto turn JiosHuft OTpax%, h tfo Han 
16 npHAOTOfl BoonojDbBOBaTBOfl BTiMH BanacaifH, HO Kama odaaaHHOOTB 
Bce npHTOTOBHTB Ha oxyqaB, eoiH6£i nponaomio vro HH6yAB hoosh- 
AaHHoe. RpoMt Toro, cToan^eMy na BaxTifc ($uio or^aHO ciporoe opn- 
Kaaame Ha6jiDAaTB aa eo6aKaMH h BHHMaTejiBHO ojA^htb aa TfiirB, ho 
paoKoiojioa ih aca^ no^i ^aniHiiH aiqHKaHH, h ho na^ajioa jol oHOBa 
Hanopi. Ecn-6u Tro-HH6yAB ojiy^HiooB, to owl HeveAieHHo noMmewb 
^im paafiyAHTB boIxi b lyqme paHBme, ^iwb noase. 

Bi TO Bpeiia, saKB a OHxy h HHmy bth orposH* ii oimsy, Kasi 
<)HOBa HannaeTOfl xpyoTtHie h TpeoKi; 3Ha?HTB, nanop^ n^a boo enie 
HpoAOjsaeTOfl. Ho Bcri naxoAHTOfl vb npoKpacHOirB HacrpoeniH, Ran 
<!yATo BTO o6cT08Tejn»cTBO BHeojio npiHTHoe pasHOofipaaie b*b name no- 
HOTOHHoe cyiQecTBOBaHie. O^HaRO yxe noiOBnna BToporo; Jiy^me ury 
SB OBOD RoflKy. S. o^OHB yoTajTB, a Bij^» HonaBioTHO ORoiBRO Bpe- 

XOHH Mffk MOaSHO OyAOTB OTABnaiB. 

IlflTHHi^a, 4-ro HHBapfl. Ho«ibk) jeoab 6hib cnoRoeni, ho bb to- 
^OHie AHfl ohi> HioEoiBRo pasi Ha^HHaiB cABHraTBCfl H Tpen^aTB. Ce- 

rOAHfl BOiepOHl OHB paCROIOIOfl Vb HtOROlBRHXB irbOTaXl, H OROIO 

AOBflTH qacoBB OHOBa 6uxo A&Bieme. HanopB Haoiynan qepeai npa- 
BHiBHne npovexyTRH BpeHOHH; HHor^a owb na^Haiofl BHoaaimiurB 
TOJiHROHB, ROTopKtt oonpoBosAajicfl rpoxoTOMB, HooTeaeHHO ooJiaCiiBa- 
DnmiTB H HauHanmBMOfl oHOBa. OAHaRO, xojihb oiaHOBHTOfl Boe Bume h 
saABHraercfl npaMo na Haoi, HOAxeHHo — RorA&'OA^ HannpaerB oi npo- 
HesyxKaMH, h 6b[otpo— naRi tojibro HanopB npo^ojisaeTCfl Aon^nie.ltosHO 
BHA'bTB, RaRi BOO 6j[Hse H fiiHse^nojiaeTB lOftHHaa riH6a; TeaepB, vb qaoi> 
ABH, jeAflHoi xoim yAajieFB oABa Ha iutb maroB'B otb osbBHaro 
xojwa BQepoAH oyAHa, a orb aroro ir&GTa ao oyAHa ho 6ojrito Tpexi Me- 
ipoBi, TaRi^HTO HeMHoro HaAO BpeMOHH, qTo6K lOAflHofl xejiMB Haei 
XOOTHrB. MesAy t&itb ioa^ npoAOisaerB paoRaiHBaTBoa, HTaoouA- 
Haa leAanaa Haooa, bb ROTopot mi aaRnwHii, CTanoBHTOg Boe 
MOHBrne n odlnxB oropoH'B cyAHa. HtROTopiu TpenpEHH aoxoahti* 
noTTH AO oaHaro oyAHa. TaR!B RaRi aoab hoab THseoTBH) xojuia no- 
HHsaeTOfl, H Fram cHJCbHie oRxoHHeroH na 6or'b, to BOAa yorpev- 
.ueTOfl Ha HOBufl leAB, otipaaoBaamifioH nonepxi oioh boah, Buory- 
nHBmei B^epa na noBepxHooTB ibahhh. 8to no^H noxose na nooTe-^ 
4ieHHoe yirapaHie. 



CPEAi HO^ H jn»M- 207 

HexieHHo, so BipHo Hiw^Eraeros aioiiimit xojutb, h xaserai, 
4^7X10 owb HirbeTB vaxipeiiie nepemarHyrb ^epes'b (Sopn cj^Ha. Ho 
ecjDi Fram AOOiaBiTb HaiTB yAOBOiBCTBie a BHCBo6oABToa on AAa, 
ICO fl youoKODOB H 6jKj HaAiflTBea, ^rro Bce en^e coftAon xoponto; 
OAHaKO wh AaHHyD MHsyry jijkMO oneuh oBBepHo. BipoaiHO^ Han 
HpmoTOfl BHAopsaTB Tflsejijio 6opB6y opesxe, ^Iitb Fram 00B060- 

JlRlUI, eOIH TOIBRO OTO HO HpOHSOtAOTB TOnopB SO. 

A BHmen Ha Bopxi h BsriflHyjTB Ha xoihi. Kasi ysipoHHO owb 
ABHraoTOfl BnepoAi! A nooMOTpin laBse Ha xpeniHHiji bo iB^y, saiPB 
<aA o6pa8yDTOfl H paoapoorpaHflDTOfl KpyroMi oy^ia. S, npHOJiymaiofl, 
Ban Tpen^HTB h xpycTHTB lOffB BHHdy, noAi hohmh HoravH, h MHi 

OqeHB HO XOtIxOOB HJ^TH BHH31 H JSOSHTBOH Vh EOlKy, HOKa H H6 

yBHxy, TTO Fram ooBopmoHHO ooBo6oAHJioa otb jiBAa. ''Bi to BpevH, 
xan a 8A*bcB OHsy, a oiumy, Ban leAi npeAnpHHiMaen hoboo Hana- 
xeHie Ha Haci h nannpaeTB h myMHTB, h h ^BOTByD, too leAanot 
:xon*b noAXOAHTb Bce 6jHxe. Hanopi jrBAa, noBHAHHony, ho npenpa- 
n^aoToa. A ne shbd, too hh en^e mosomi CA^aiL. y naci Boe ro- 
-TOBo Ha ojijqaft Heo6xOAHHooTH HOEHHyTB oyAHO. CeroAU mh bu- 
hoou npHHaAiesHooTH oaosai' h pasAi^nu hx% HOSAy BciMH, 
paaiosHBi no MimKaMib. 

OrpaHHoe noioxenie; fiesoHopno octb B^poHTie, too Boi Hamn 
nxBHii pyxnyTB BOsiAOTBie neapeABHAtHHofl 0Jiyi[aflH0CTH, ho rtvi 
He MOHie He tbki ysi oro HeHd61sH0. H hhceoibbo ne 6oK>eB, ho 
MHi xoTbiooB 6h snaTB, AOisHH iH HH B% oaHOiTB ]s/kjA Bee yxe ne- 
peHeoTH Ha ioai mxsl wbnS OAHako, CBopo laoi, h oaHoe (SiaropasyM- 
Hoe, TOO a Mory cAil^aTB — ^bto le^B onaiB. HacoBOHy OTAavB npa- 
Bas'B pasfiyAHTB mohh TOTHaoi xe, sasi tojibko JieAHHoft xoxwb 
nojsfitfffiTb SI Fram. CuoTBe, too y naci TenepB cbItatb Jiyna h 
MH MoaBen pasrjaA^TB boo-too bi 9tomx ysaoi. 

nosaB^epa hh wh nepBHtt paai yBHj^fcn Jiyny na ropHSOsrb; B^epa 
ona CBima Hisoropoe Bpeaa h TonepB ona yse ne cspHBaeToa, a 
cB^TH'n BeoB AOHB H BOD Hou. Cet^aoi* ABa Wca, a Aoxseax sa- 
0H7T>, HP a ojmmy, too HaQopi ohbtb otan OHJCbHie. 

Cy66oTa, 5-ro HHsapa. CeroAHamaDH) hohb Boi cnarL coBepoieHHO 

^A^THMH H npBTOHl OaMHH HeotiXOAHHHH BeH^H HOJIOSeHH BOSffc H 

HpiKpiaxeHH B^ TyxoBHHiy. Kaiwuft roroB'B bcboutb h BHapHrnyTB 
Ha xoAi, BaBii TOJn»BO pasAaoToa npeAOCieperaDn^ift bobi. Boe ays- 
Hfte, HpoBiaHTB, OAOSAa, cnaiBHHe MimEH h t. a- nepeneoeHO yse 
Ha xoAX. Mh v/kaA aohb npopa6oTaxH hi^ 9thm%, h TenepB y naci 
Boe wb nopHABi h hh anoxHi fotobh ooraBHTB cyAHO, eoxn toxbbo 
noHaAO^Htoa. Ho a BooTaBH ]i3mx>, to» 8to ne nonaAofiHToa. 

Si npocnaxi> xopomo h toxbbo pasrB npocnyioa, nooxyman xaR'B 
ory^HTi, rpeMHrb h Tpe^^lTb xoAi* h ohobb sacnyxi. Bi SViUooBi 
frpa Mona pa36yAHxi CeepApyirb, ooofinviBniift, tox) xoAflHoft xoxwb 
renepB yse AooTHn Fram h ohxbho nanapaerb na eyAHO« Meai^ 
Ttob Ban xeAi noxaoTB HaBepxi* h AOornraeTB hotoh Copra. A ne 



208 PyCGKOE BOFATCTBO. 

MOFL OOMHiBaTBOfl Vh HOTIHi 6r0 OJIOBl, TWL KEKl e^Ba paCKpiUl^ 

rjEasa, sasi yse pasciumajrb Tasol rpoiTB h ryjrb, jsaxjb 67AT0 Ha- 
CTynHjrb iaci> orpamHaro cy^a. H boro^hh. Hn^ero 6oiBnie ho oora- 
BaxccB, zsLKb pa36yAHTB Boixi nannix'b iDAeA, buhooth bocb oeran- 
ii^ilofl npoBiaHTi Ha JieA'B h npHHecTH Ha naiy6y naniB myfiu h aP7~^ 
rie npeAMBTzi namero CHapflseniH, ^toAbi en hosho fiuJio TOTiaci* 
BH6pooHTB sa 6opTB, RaRi TojiBKO dxo 6yAeTB nysao. Ho a^hb npo- 
mexB, a ioa^b oeraBajEea enoKOOH'B. Bi soai^ kohi^obi hh okhih bh- 
ciBmift Ha tiouHi^axi 6otb oi> xepooHHOBiui'b ABHraiejieMi h nepe- 
HeojiH ero na CojiBmyn XBAiHy. Okoxo boobhh qncoBi Be^epa, xorAa 
HH yse njUBXE, ^to HaQopi oejidk&kjn, Bjspjrh na^aio oohtb rpe- 
MiTB H TpemaxB, eme enxhiAe lAwb npes^e. Kor^a h Biifiisan na^ 
aepxii, TO Ha oy^HO o6pyniijnioB orpoMHsa Haocu JiB^a h oH'&ra. 
IleAepi, wpEi/bsasudA BM'bcTb 00 mhoid, TOTqaci se 6pocHjiOH B&e- 
peAi> H orajii npnJiesHO orpefiaiB jioai h offfcrB xonaTsoft h oiHmaTs 
OTB BBxi Kpiimy najiyfiu. fl nomerB BOiiAi* sa hhhi, ito6u caMOMy 
yAocTOBipHTBOfl Bi nojiosoHiH Beo^eA. flyBHAan 6ojn»me, ^hi mi 
6uK0 sejiaTeiBHo. BopoTBCfl trb laxiMi BparoMi 01 JtonaTOfi vb py- 
xaii, 6hxo 6k CesnaAesHo, -h h noBioiiy nosBajn naaaAi* IleAepa, 
oKasaBi eny: cnofixeMi* jiy^me, OHeeoMx BceHaj[eAi». EABaa yoiii^i> 
8T0 nporoBopHTB, Kaxi xoa'b (tb yABoeHHon ghjioS Hawaii OABHratBoa^ 
rpeMiTB H TpemaTB. IleAepi aa aio sairbTHirB: fMoHH 611 BMtcTt cb. 
lonaTsofi Gxopo ^opii 8a6pajni»,— h TOT^acrB se Haqan oMiuiTBCH. A 
Bepsyjcfl HasaA^ na naj[y6y h no Aopori bctpIthaii MormraAai ko- 
Topuft Taxse onimHji'Bci JionaTOD Wb pyxaxi, ho h oToaiarB ero na- 
8aAi>* KoFAa fl noTOHi 6pooHJiCfl Kb xtcTHHi^'l, HaxoAfln^efioii uoa^. 
napyoEHHoft Kpsmet, to yBHAaJii xasi ona HSornyjiaGB hoa'b th- 

SeCTBD JOAflHUXl MaCCl, H KaXl 8TH liaOCU CBaXHBaiHOB OTTyAa. nx!B 

611JLO laxoe MHoseoTBo, ^to h xasAyx) MHHyry osHAan, ^to ie^b 
npopBOTB spumy h saBajiBTB bxoa'b. CofiAfl bbbbi, a BUBBan Boixi 
jLDXefi Ha najiy6y, ho OKasarB hmi>, 'vtot'b ohh bhxoahxh ho qepesib- 
ABepB y 6aK5opAa, a ^epesi pyOsy h Bumu 6h go oiopoHU ihthp* 
6opAa. HaAO 6ujio npesAO scero BiiBeoTH Boi HimxH esx oaxona h 

SatiMl HU A02SHH 6jiJLK TaESO OTHeCTH BB 6e30IiaGH0e irtOTO Tt, 

KOTopue xesajiH na naxyfii. fl oaaoaJiGH,' BaBi» 6n joa'b, vb Giy^at. 
00x0611 oHi npopBan Epumy, ne npoHHX'B 3% noirln^eHie ^epesi ne- 
sanepiufl Asepn b ho saBaxHn npoxoAa, Taxi hto hu o^yTHXHOB 6bi 
sanepTBiMH, xaxi bi MiimexoBxi. Ha oxy^afi hjsabi hu o6bo6oaxxh 
apoxoAi* Ha Bepxi ^epesi MamHHHoe noMln^eHie, ho oiBepoTie TyTx 
6uxo cxHmxoMi ysxo, h HexBSH 6uxo iipoxisaTB qepesi nero vb th 
sexBiuH MtmRaMH. Bapo^eHi, 6uio HensBioTHO^ saxTi Aoxro STork 
nyTB ooraHeTGH GBo6oAHHH'b, ecxH xeAi>, xax'B ofliAyorBf Ha^HOTB na- 
oxpaTB Ha Haoi. JI ohatb bhgrotox'b na Bopxi, ^0621 ogbo6oaht}> 
co6asx, EOTopuxi mh sanepxH vb « Castle Garden » — erottx^ yorpoen- 
Hoiii HaMH y 6aR6opAa. Co6aKE saxo6Ho BHSsaxH h buxi, oxy^HB- 
moGB aoAi» napyoHBHott xpHmefi, esenHHyTHO rpoSHBineft npopaaTBGa 



r 



CPEAH HOTLH H XbJ^i. 209 



nojDO TaaseoTBH) osira h sasHBo noxopoHiib oo6ftE'B bi oHtenoi Moraii. 
S. nepepiaan Hosem boI oxpinieHifl h pacnaxsyn AsepH, oo6au 
orpeiiriaBi 6pooHnoL na aP7i*7» oroposy. Jbo^u uemjsj tkwh H3- 
MauHCB 8a nepoHOosot HimKOBi; He aa^bn 6tiJio topoohtb hxi, o&h 
aroiTb 8a6oTHxoi[ le^i, KOTopni Tasi as^bhh Ha 6oKa cyj^na, no fl 
ysTb Ayvi^JE^i ^^ Boe KonqoHo. CTpamaafl cyxaioxa i^apHiia KpyroirL, 
riwb 601*16, no Bi AOBepmesie Bcero sanrb pyjieBofl Bnoniixaxi ao- 
nycTU'b jiannH noraoiyTB, h HaoTyoBjEa TeMHOxa. H caoBa aojubovb ^ 
6HJrB onycTHTBOfl bhhb'b, no6ti HaffiiB ^to HifiyxB Ha hofh, Tas'B 
xaE'b MOH $HHOEie fomHasH BHoiu wb xaDii wa, npocynncH. Kor^a 
a 6iui BHBsy, to nanop'b iba& aoothfl BHomei to^kh; najry6Hua 
6aiKH Tpen^ajm nax'B voeS roxoBoft Tasii, ^toh AyxairB, iiooHi 06- 
pymaTCfl na Memi. 

CKopo oaJioHi H KavTH 6siiH ooBotfosAeEzi OTB MimsoBii, a TaKse 
H naiyfia, OTsyxa hk no6pocaj[H Bce Ha jioai noAauine. Jle^B rpe- 
Mtn H TpeniaJEi ci Tason cHJioft, nasHpaa na 6oRa cy^Ha, ^to mh 
He MorxH pasojiHiitaTB hh eAanaro oioBa. OffaKo, Bce oonuo xopomo 
H MK 6KOTpo OTHecjiH Bi» 6e80iiaoHoe MicTO BOOB Hamx darasii. 

Bi TO BpeMfl, KaRi MK Tacsau ir&niKH, A&BJieHie sh^ npespa- 
TKiooB, HaKOHeA'B, H Bce oHOBa cTaJo onoBoflHO, RaR'b 6ujro paHBine. 
Ho KaEOt BHAil Bofl CTopoHa 6as6opAa Fram 6iiua ooBepmeHHO no- 
rpefiena no^B CHlroH<B; BHAHiiaoB tojuko napyoHHHaa spBioia. EomSii 

MH OOTaBHJIH BHO^TB Ha GoKaHI^aXl lOAKy 01 SepOOHHOBHlfB ABHraTO- 

leiTB, TO ona HaBipHoe-6H norndxa. BoKani^ii 6£uh ooBepmeHHO 

nOBpilTH OHtrOMl H XhAOWb. YAHBBTeXBHaH lOABal OrOHB H BOAa OKa- 

saiHCB 6e8CHjaHHMH nepeAi neio h hsi hoa'b xbaa ona taRse Bunua 
H6BpeABM0ft H xesHTi TonepB Ha XBAHHi, nepeBepHjTaa EHxeM'B 
BBopxit. Sh8bb efl 6uxa npenonoxHena bchkhxi oxyqafiHOOTefl, h a 6u 
zeiaTB BHaTB, no ee eme osHAaerB BnepeAH. 

KaKi fl yse roBopHn, cyiiaToxa 6iua BeuBa, KorAa noxoxeme 
A^n npHHflxo onacHHft o6opoTB, h mh co'ue Heo6xoAH]iuM'B cb hbh- 
BOSMoauoD cKopocTBD BUHeoTE H31 caxoHa Bcl MiinKH. CaepApyiTB 
paacRasaxi mhI, ^to oht* toxbro no co6Hpaxofl bbhtb BaHny h ctohtb 
eoBoiiTB roxst, RaRX Boitb ero oo3Aaxib, RorAa BApyn ycxHinaxB, 
^xo fl oosHBaD Bcixi xDAoft Ha Bepxi». TaRi RaRi» SToro HHRorAa 
paHBHie He 6iiBaxo, to owb noHan, no npoaaoinxo nino oepBesEoe 
H nocRopie HaTanyx'b Ha oe6a nxaTBe. 

Boe, no toxbro aorxo aaM'B noHaAo6HTBoa hotomb, 6£ixo bhho- 
ceno Ha xeAi. Mh bh;^xh, RaRx pyxeBoi xan^Hxi orpoMHiift iflmoR'B 
n nxaiBflKH h Tasexyn OBasRy RpyseRi, npHBasaHHyn CHapysa 
HimRa. noTOHi ohb oHosa noaBHxca, boob yBimaHHufl pasHfiaa se- 
n^avH, HOxaHH, pyRaBii^aHH h t. h., tbrb no HSAaia yse hosho 
6hxo paaoxHHiaTB sbohb h cryRi bthxi npoAHeTOBB, RorAa ohb 6i- 
saxx. Owb AO ROHi^a ooTaxca BipeH'B oe6i. 

Be^epoMX Bci npHHaxHOB ynanoauiTB sanaou n^oxnaro, roh- 
j^RTB H T. n.; RypHXH xafiaR'B h hpoboabxh Bpeira aoboxbho Beoexo. 



210 . pyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

O^esHKHO, Boi xoTiiH BOonoJKBaoBaTBGfl (»7qaem, Tasi KaRi neHa- 

BiCTHO 6UJ[0, npHAOTOfl-JIH Kdr^a J[h60 CHOBE TEKI UpOBOAHTb BpeHii 

Ha Fram. Mh Bcii TenepB BaxoAuiHCB sa BoeHHOiTB noxoseniH bb 
oiiycTomeHHOifi rjiisAt. 

Hsib npeAocToposHOOTH uu otepejjeh npoxoAi y iiiTHp6op;(a, roto- 
puH 6ujrB saHarb 6H6jdoTeKofi k noBTOMj saspsr'B, h Aepsajin Bct 
ABepH paoTBopeHHun, TaKi ^o hofjih 6htb onoRoflHii, ^to HaarB 
jAacTcii BHORO^HTb, ^axe eoxa ^to - heCjab pynraTOfl. Mu BOBce He 
xorijiH, HTo6u JieAB saiBopHjrB HaiTB aboph. Ho Fram GesonopHo 
RpiaEoe 07AHD. Y caMaro 6aK6opAa HaxoAHTOH orponHufi jieAflHoft 
xoiHB, H TenepB BaRB paaB HaoryaEJO Bpeiia Hanopa. Cjaho orjiohh- 
jrocB Ha 6oKB, 6oJSBine qtHB RorAa ia6o, ho^th Ha 7^, ho nocni no- 
cjrfcAHflro Hanopa, BtiAepsaHHaro hmb, oho oHosa HicRonEo npHnoA* 

HflJIOCB, TaRB ITO, HO BOeit BipOflTHOCTH, OHO JXe 00B0($0AHI[00B OTO 

jiBAa H Ha^ajio BunpHMUTBCfl. TenepB, 6e3B coMHiHiH, BCflRaa oaao- 

HOCTB MBHOBaia. 

BooRpecoHBe, 6-ro aHBapa. GnoRoftHHft a^hb; oo BqepaniHflro Be- 
^epa He 6iiiJio nanopa. BojiBinHHCTBo JiDAeft xopomo BucnaxHOB ce- 
roAHfl. nocjai oS^Aa ohh boI ycepAHO npflHHAHOB ooBo6osAaTB Fram 
B3B noAB jiBAa. BopTB Mu yse o^hothah, ho na Hpumi naxoAflTOH 
en^e fioiBinia Txa6u. 

CeroAHH Hooii o6iAA FaHceHB onpeAikiHjrB Biicory MepHAiaHa, 
ORaeaJiocB 83^ 24' cte. niBpoTii. Ypa! Mk cjiaBHO ABHraeHOfl kb (A- 
Bepy. 13 MflHyiB gb noHeAiiBHHRa, h TenepB hu HaxoAflMoa na ca- 
Moft ciBepHOfi mnpoTi, EaRaa tojibko EorAa ih6o tun AocTErflyra. 
Heiero h roBopfltb, hto mh ornpasAHOBaiH 9to o6oTOflTejiBOTBo noAo- 
fianniHUB yron^emeMB, oooroflnKEHB h3b nyHma, ^pyRTOBB, napos 
Haro H OHrapB, npHneoeHHuxB AORTopom. 

Elue B^epa Be^epoMB van fiisaiH co obohhh utmRaHH, onacaa 
CBOD SH3HB, a oeroAHH BeqepoMB MH pacnEBaenB nyHuiB h Beoexo 
6oxTaeHB; TaROBii npespaTHOdtH cyAB^Hl B&iTb mosotb rpOMB JiBAa 

6lULB TOJIBRO CajnDTOHB BB lOCTB AOCTHSOHifl HaMH TaREXB BHOOREXB 

mnpoTBl EaiH TaRB, to aojisho npEBHaiB, ^to nejiib CAtiaerB Boe, nro 
MOFB, ^o6m. qecTBOBaib BacB. Hy 8to ho 6tAa; njoTB xpemaTB, ihieb 
6fii uu noABBranEOB Aft^Bme rb ciBepy. Fram TenepB HaBipnoe bei- 
AopsETB; cnepeAH oyAHO ooboCoahjiocb sa 30 caETEMexpoBB, a caaAH 
Ha 15 H HeHHoro OTOABEHyiOCB HasaAB. Ms ne namiH bb fiopxaxB 
HE oAEOft pacmaTasEoft noAnopRE, ho, TiMB ne Henie, ceroAHH Be^e- 
poMB Boi xeriH onaTB bb hoihohb BoopyxeHiE, ^toSh 6utb roTO- 
buhe TonaoB se dtsaTB na jioab. 

IIoHeAiJiBHHRB, 7-ro flHBapfl. Jifiewh BpeiieHaiEH omyn^aiooB aab- 
jieHie, HO npoAOJisaiooB oho ne Aoxro, sarl^HB onflTB Boe cTaio cno- 
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osEAaxB OTB Hamero npiflTeia j (}aR6opAa hobuxb cK)pnpB30BB, TaRB 
^10 H oxotho jEpoMisEJTB 6h ofo Ha jiy^maro coc&aa- 

Bee EHieTB RoneiiB, CRasaiB oaehb iiajtb^raHB, RorAa ero b£i- 



CPBAH ho™ h jn»A^. 211 

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cisn poBfoft. BuTb Koxen h lanopi TenepB Koirauofl, ho 6hi!b 
Moxen I h&tb; h to h ;q)yroe oAHHasoBO BipoflTHo. 

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KOMi oijqat xoTHMi ooBo6oAaTb bocb 6oprb otb iBna. CyAHO HMien^ 
iipesBBivaflHO BHjmireiBHHft bbutb npn JiyHHor& CBtrt. KaR'L 6£i mh 

HH 6£UH TBipeHH BX OBOHXl C060TBeHH£IZl CHJiaX'b, BOBTaEH MU HO 

Mosen OTHOOHTBOfl oi npespinieirB kb upothbhhrj, BoropuS bi> 

EtOKOJ[BKO MHHyTL MOSOTb npHBOOTH Bl ABHaKOHie nOAOfiHHS OpjAiA 

BoMini. BipoflTHo, jiOAB en^e BOSABHTHerB vj^^ hh6jab Tapairb ffufl 
saiTB. Ho Fram MoserB onpaBETBca o% hhitb; HHsaKoe Apyroe ojaho 

He BB COCTOflHiH 6WL0 6eI BUAOpSaTB n0A06HUi HaTHOR'B, HO BB Ka- 

Koft Ha6jAB qaoB jioab vosotb BosABflrnjTB Boaxt HacB h HaAB HaHH 

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MesAy xapjmKav a h BOjiEBaHoirB, bo BpoMH KOTopoft sap^HKH aoishu 
npHfilraTB si xhtpocth h KOsapoTBy, ^o5bi BUBepHyrBOfl hsb pys'B 
BeJuuMuia, piARO BtinfCRaDniaro obod Ao6Ei9y. Fram — dio oyAHO, 
cHapflseHHoe RapjioRaMH oo BciHH yjEOBRaira xHrpocrn a'a 6opB6u 
CB BensaHOMi), h na stoitb cyAHt ohh TpyAflxofl, RaRB vypaBBH, 

MOSAy TiMB, RaRB BOJEHRaHB TOIBRO BOpO^aOTB CBOHMB OfpOMHilMB 

TijioHB. Ho BOflRifl pa3B, RorAa ohb noBopa^HBaoTCH, to RaseToa, 
6yAT0 optzosafl cRopiyna 6yAeTB pasAaBASHa h norpe6eHa. OAHaRO 

RapJIHRH TaRB HCRyOHO BUOTpOHJIH CBOK) OpixOBpD OROpJiyiiy, ^TO OHa 

ooraoTCH obo6oaho8 h yoROJBsaoTB hsb cMepxeibHHX'b ofiBaTiS bbih- 
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xoaiii H orapaDii^Exofl otrojiotb otb nero RycRH, to HHi ohh npoA- 
craBiHDToa MOHBrne RapjiiROBB, Aftse MOHBrne xypaBBeaB. Eon icy- 
paBBH H He MoryTB hooth sapasB 6oj[Bine oahofo sepnai to, bo bch- 
ROMB ciy^ai, ob TeqeaieMB BpeiieHH ohh BHOTpaHBaDTB i^ijoii Mypa- 
BelHHRB, FAb MoryTB cHORoflHo shtb, BanviH^eEHHe OTB 6ypB h 

8B1IH. 

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OHO He Morxo 6u 6utb xyse. HaoROiBRo a bb cooTOflHiH 6wch cyARTB, 
oyAHo He Morjio noABeprnyTBCJi 6ojiie cHjEBHOHy AaBieniK) h neyAH- 

BHTeiBHO, TTO OHO TRRB OTOHaiO HOAB HanopOMB Sbjifk. OAHaRO oyAHO 

BUAepsajDLO ero, oobo5oahj[Ocb h cHoaa noAHflJiooB. Kto se TenepB 6y- 
AOTB yTBepxA&TB, ^TO $opHa oyAHa Maxo hm^^otb SHa^emfl? £ojib6b 
eyAHcf HHtio Apyryn $opMy, to^ nosajBiyl, mh 6h SAtoB ne OHAtin 
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CTpaHHUHB o6pa30MB OB diol nopu leAB yse 6oJiBme hh paay 
TBRB HaoB ae TicHHjrb. He ropth jni oMopTH TyBoraoBau mh bb 
oy66oTy? OnnoaTB hxb TpyAHo, ho oh! 6biih AOcxaTo^Ho cHnHn. 

CeroAHA yTpoMB mu cb CaepApynoMB coBepmnm nporyjiRy no 



212 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO* 

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jieHBKox) noxocoft on BocTOsa Kb sanaATt Fram Ban pas'B naxo- 
ABJicii Ha cavoiTL xyj^mein nyHKri. 

nooJLt oGi^a FaHceH^ BuqHcuii B^epamHiB Ha6jnDAeH{fl; pesyjiB- 
TBTB OKasaxofl CA'biKyDii^tfi: 83^ 34,2' o^b. HiBporu h 102^ 51' boct. 
AOiroTU. Mu, TaRHiTL o6pa80Hi, Ha^HHaH orb KaHyna HoBaro ro;^, 
noABBHyjracB na 28 KHJEOMOTpoBii Ki saaa^y h toibso hb 25 khio- 
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c^ Kro-sanaAa. JIbAHHa, noBHAHHOMy, Hsfipaxa HaH6ojr6e pimBTeJiB- 
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qTO npOHOXOABTB HJ^KOTOpilft HBHOpX, KOrAB Btxep'B rOHHrB XOfflb Wb 

nonepe^HOM'b BanpaBioHiH. 

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pasi noA'B xyHoft. Owb hk^jtb beai rpoinutBaro OBiTfl^^u?ocfl OTora 
ciHB Ha ropHdOHTi H BepxHei cBoen HacTBu bioahxi bx kozbi^o, 
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c^HKHOBeHBo, nepeBepHyrBfl oBiTHnxaacH jsjvtk. 

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Ha^axi ipeD^aTB. B'b 9to bpomh h h MormraA'B TpyAHXHOB hba^ no- 

crpofiBOX) pyqHuxi oaneA; BApyn ebei hbai cyAHOMBf xasi h noffB 

, EHMi, OIUIT& padAaiofl TpecB^, B08o6HOBJuiBniificfl HioRoiBBO pasi; 

ho vb npoMosyTBaxi xexi^ 6sn ooBotBTB chokoohi. 

fl H'bcsoJiBEo pasi, HaxoAflOB Ha JiB^y, npHCJiymHBaiofl B'B Tpe- 
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Bl CymHOOTH MH EBR'B 6yAT0 SHBOMl MB A^ftOTByKH^eMB ByXKBHi. 

HsBepseHie, soTopoe aoxsho fiyAOTB pimETB namy y^aotB, mosbtb 
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6yAerb AOCTBrnyTa; hih se mu noiepfleMi cyAHO h aoishh 6yA6M*B 
yAOBoxBOTBOBaTBOH T^wb^ ^TO yso AOOTHrHyTo paHBme, HO M Ha o6- 
paTHOMi nyrn hbmb, 6utb Mosen, yAaxooB 6u pasoiiAOBaTB e^e 
qacTB seMJiH ^paHi^a-IocH^a. 3to boo. Ho bo bohkomb cxyiai 6iuo 
6u o^CHB TflxejLO noiepflTB cyAHo h o^ohb rpycTHo 6iuo 6u bha^tb, 
Kasi OHO Hoqesaerb na hbihhxb nasaxi. 

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GBepApyna, cEainBanieMB jibab na xoiMi y 6aK6opAa; ohh yse ao- 
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BpeMfl npHJiesBO saHHiiaeMOfl npHBeAeBioMB caneft bi nopHAOKi e 
npnroTOBJieHieM^ hxi kb nyremecTBiio, tbrb kbr'b ohh Bce paBHO no- 
HaAofiflTCfl meI, noflA^HB jie mk na dBepit hjih hb dib. 

JIh^b oeroAEfl MEHyio abb foab. Ohb yse 6oiBmafl a^boub. H 6kl 



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ULeian SHaiE, ysHan xh a ee; Bpa^ib n ii aatxy y Hen xora 6h 
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«t AiJiann BceBOSMOsinie noAapu. BipoarEo BonoMHim m o Haoi, 
HO siKTO He siaerL, rji^ hh TenepB HaxoAHHoa. 

Bi noojoAAyDiitie ahh xe;r& ooTaBaioa onoKoeni boo BpoHs. 

Bb ho^b Ha 9-e aHsapa le^i OHOBa na^an neHHora TpemaTB h 
ipeniTB, HO sarivB see npeEpanuooB h 10-ro HHBapH 61110 Bossi- 
sKeno: «jIeAi ooBepmeHHo oiioKoeHB». EojoSrh jiOAHHoft xojnrB ho na- 
ZOAUOH no npesHOMy 7 6aE6opAa, to HHKOMy 6ii h btb fojeobj ho 
npHmjio, ^0 Biuufl wspb HOAaBHo 6hji% HapymeHi; TenepB Bce 
muTB cnosoflHO h mhpho BpyroHi. Jle^B npoAOJOBainrB oRaiuBaTB^ h 
xojiirB saMiTHO yHeHBmaeToa. 

MonoTaxir, BHiork 00 mhok, yoepj^Ho pafiOTaerB naxi oaHHHH bt> 
TpDMi. Hesffy npoHHitB h noDpo6oBaA ohhtb cb pasiHUHX'B iiyHK- 
TOBi ^OTorpa^ii) Fram npn JiyHHOVB 6vbTk. PesyxBTaTK js^aeKo npe- 
Bsomu MOH osHAiUEdH. Ho TaKB Kas'B BepxymKa xoAMa yse osojEOTa, 
TO CHiHKH He jsfiJDTh TO^aro npeAOTaBieHifl tohb, Kas'B btotb 
njfOBy^ifi JiOA'B HHSBeprHyxcH na Fram. Saiini hh npHBem b% no- 
jHiAOKB lanrB ens^ Ha fiojiBniott sbj^Evf^ y nrtHpfiopAa; hu cofipaiH 
Bci HamH ciiaj[BHue Hinnui, jiaiuaHACKie h $HHOKie 6amHaiai, bonbh 
iiiy6ii h, sasepnyBi b-b 6oj!Biiioft napyoi, oTneciH noAaxBme Ri sa- 
na^y. IIpoBiaHTi 6un pasAiieni na meoTB OTAiiBHiix'B Kyrb, a 
pyasBH H BHHTOBKH paonpoAixeHU FB TpexB hoojAabhtb syiaxi h 
Boe aro npHspuTO napyoaHH ob jioakh. Hh^hkh vb HHorpyHeHraHH 
TaHoena h hohhh TaRse npHRpHni napyooHi, BHiorfc 01 BeAPOHi 
HanojueHHHHi naTpoflanH. RysHHi^a h Boi oh npHHaAiexHocTH fifiura 
TH^TeiBHO npHopHTaHH H Hasepxy, na <6oiBmoHB xoj[h1> oioseHH 
caHH E j[HSH. KaasH xesaiH nepeBepnyTue jifjn bosjA Apyra h 
jfesAy BBHH noHtn^ajiGfl RyxoHHHfi annapaTB h laHUH. Mu paonpe- 
A'iiHiH Bci HpeAHeTii TaRHHB o6pasovB AJra Toro, Tro6£i flama no- 
Tepa 6Hia He cjihoirovb BeiHRa, bb oiy^ai eoiH ToiOTafl JiBAHHa 
Bie3anHo paoEoxercH. Mh BHaenx, vjiik hto hoxho HaflTH, TaR'B tto 
nyoTB saBUBaeTB BBnra, oroxbro eit yroAHO, hh HH^ero otb »Toro ne 
noxepflOH'B. ' 

BeqepoHi l4-ro HHBapH mu yonimaiH ABa paaa pisBifl TpeoRi, 
To^BO nymeqHHt bhotp^, bciIa^ sa kotophmi nooxumajiofl Tasofl 
myHB, RaRB 6yAT0 vro HH6yAB pasBajraBaxooB; no Boeft bIpohthooth, 
3T0 paoRoxoxcfl xeAB Box^A^^TBie OBXBHaro xoioAa. Mni noRaaaxocB 
TOFAa, RaRB 6yAT0 oyAHO orxohhxocb en^e 6oxBme, ho, 6htb hosotb, 

^0 H He TERB. 

BpoHH npoxoAHxo H nodTOHy hh chobh yoepAHO npHHHXHOB sa 
npHroTOBxeHiH ri oaHHoft aRcnoABi^iH. , 

BTopHHKB, 15 ro flHBaps, fl HanHoaxB Vb AHOBHEKi: fCeroAHfl 
Be^epoHB AORTopi npo^exB loraHoeny h mhI xoki^d nepeBHSKl h 
xtieniH cxoHaHHuxii ROOTOtt. A xesaxx na OToxi h na mohh nanxa- 
jtUBaxaoB rnncoBafl noBHSRa, MesAy t^hi RaRB Bei RpyroHB ctohxe 



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214 pycCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

H OHOTpijiv. Ho jasib oahhi bhai Tasoft onepaEiH AOJiseni diui 
HaBeoTH Ha flenpiflTHiia hhcjih. no^ofiHoe sec^aoTie cpe^H noAflpnoi 
HoiH, npH 40° — 50"* xoiOAa, 6hio 6h MOHte Bcero acejiaTejibHO, 
TaRi> Kasi, He.roBopa yse o tomi, rto Tyrb a'^o 6n mjio o Hameft 
9SH3HH, Mu BpflAi> ™ ciyifbjiH 6ii KaKi cjLi^AyeT'B HaioasHTB nepe- 
BA8KJ. OAHaKo, noAofiBJiifl ojij^afiHOCTH Halo BtpoflTHU UH BipH^e: 

He AOJISHU 61ITB BipOHTHHi. 

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3apH saHHjfann^iroofl aha — ^ahh, spH pascBirt soToparo mh jsflMSMU 

6YJlfiWb BKCTyUHTB. 

18 -ro flHBapa a sanncan, ^0 yse bx AdBHTB jrpa mosho 6iuio 
pasjnnHTB nepBue npHSHaRH sapn h fb hoiaohb jifioae o^tjirajiooB no- 
^TH coBcliTb cBiTJLO. SI HO AyHaD, Tro6u B'L Te^eElH MicHi^a craio 
AociaTo^HO evhno au nyremecTBui, ho noBHAiuoicy TaKi h 6yA6n. 
Bo BOflsoiTB cjiyqat orapBie conuTHHe» juo^h o^HraDTb ^oBpais 
offlmKOiirB paHHHH'B H oiHmEoirB zojioAHHHi MtoflCi^eii'B ;^ifl nyieme- 
OTBifl, KOTOpoe H Bi Mapit BpHAi iH eto-ih6o pftmHTCfl upeAnpH- 

HIITB. OAHaKO H3]l%HHTb TyTB HHierO Hejl[B3fl; MH HO HfiJOBSEl TpaTHTb 

BpeHH Ha pascysAOHifl oGi yAo6cTBaxx, eon toubro xothmi abh- 
HyrbCH BnepeAi> panbine liTa, sorAa nyremecTBie OTaHeTb hobosmos- 
hkmx. JI He 6oK)GB xoioAa; mu HoseMi saniHTHTb oefia otb nero. 
MesAy Tim npHroTOBJueHiA HamH npoAOJisajiHCB. A npHBejTB vb 
nopHAOsx CBOH AHeBHHRH, sypHajiH Au sanHOH Ha6j[ueflifi, $oto- 
rpa$HiecKie chemkh h t. n.; oahhitb gioboitl Boe, ^iro mu xoTiJui 
BSHTB CI co6oi. MorjoraA^ saHHuajiofl bt* TpDMt HsroTOBJieHieifi no- 
jfoaBOBi AU caHeft, a aacticeHi Hawaii codnpaTB hobuh oann. lie- 
TepceH'B npnroTOBJifljrB bi HamHHHOH'B OTA'^ieniH rBOSAH, Hysnue 
MornrraAy npn o6HBKi oaHeft. Jiipjiie se bbiotpohjih hbi leAflHHX'B 
rjoifii H CHira 6ojn>mjD EysHnqy na jibahhI h saBrpa yrpoiTB mu 
ci CBepApynoHi HaHipenH norpyaHTB noiosBH bi oMoiy h oreapHHi 
H corflyTii EVb vh ropfl^evB cooTOiiHiH, ^to mosho oA^aiB tojojlo 
vb KysHHQjt. SI HaAiDOB, ^rro HaMB yAacToa, hbcmotph na 40** xo- 
jiioAa, nosjmh AOCTaroqio Buoosyi) leMnepaTypy au npoHSBOAOTBa 
BTott BasHofi pa6oTU[. AMyHACOH'B saHHTB Honp^BienieMB mojibhhipi, 
EOTopafl onflTB He bi nopHAKi, xaKi Eani syfiqaTHii soiecanoHCTep- 
jiECB, HO offB AyMaeTB, ^0 BMy yAacTOH ee ooBepmeHHo nonpaBHiB. 
^OBOJEBHO-TasH xoiOAHaH pa6oTa — ^xesaTB npn Blrpi na Bepxy na 
MeJiBHHiti H npn oBirt ^oHapa cbopjihtb- TBopAyi) oiajiB e lyryns 
upH TOMnepaTypi osojio 40^ xoioAa. Ctoh na naiy6i ceroAHH, fl omo- 
Tpifli BBepxi <Ha $OHapB h ojmmajiii, sas'B pa6oTaeTL cBepjio; na 
SBjsy yse mosho 6hj[0 oyAHTB, sasi xnepAa craiB. KorAa h hotom^ 
, ycjuunaJTBi sasi AMyHAoeHi xjonaerB jiaAomaMH, to noAy^aJTB: <j[I|a, 
noxionHBal^, noxjiomiBaft, ApysoKi! He o^bhb to todjio jiesaTB Tani^ 
HaBepxy!» GaMoe xyAmeei tto npn Tasoft pa6bTt HensH Ha^^lBaTB 
pysaBHj^i H HaAO A^floTBOBaTB rojuiMH pysaMH, nTo6u aoGhtbch ^ero 
HH6yAB. €^oiro pa6oTaTB HeiBsa, pysH aaMepaaDTB, ho a^o, b^a^^ 



GPEffH HOra H li;[[A. 215 

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6oTaTS. 8to TaKoll HOJiOAei^ bo booitb, sa tto 6£i ohi hit 6pajiotf; 
a jTiman ero Tijn», hto BpflAi» ih HamiocB 6H mhofo jaosfiH, eoto- 
pne 6ujiH 6U wh cocroflHiH, iipE TaKom Mopoft h^K'B cisepy otb 
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A a AT^ajTB, qro npexftifl dKcnej^Hi^i onepeAHU nacB bi stomi 
OTHomeHiH; a xoqy csasaiB, ^to uh GiJunKOMi mhofo o0Avir& TaifB 

BHfi3y». SI HHCROJIBRO HO HOKOJietiaJIOfl paSJBtpHTB OFO Bl QTOUX, 

TasB KaKi OHB jiibudLevb Boevjiflk Bce, ito mosbtb. 

H nepesHBas) orpanHoe Bpeiui; mrb Kaseroff, icaKi 6j;^o s npE- 
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nua, MesA7 TbiTB sasB mh HaxopiMoa erne toibco cpe^H shhk, a 
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ooiraiHifl. AeKb ocTaeTCH oaoKOHEruirB; TpecK'L, Koropuft cJiuniiiTOH no 
BpeMenaifB bb jn»AHHaxB h bi Fram, octb jihhib pesyjBTarB xoJiojia . 
IIocjriAHee BpoMH a OHOBa nepe^HTiiBajTB pasosasi Ilafiepa ero 
oaHHoi 8K0^eAHI^H na cbBop'B, ^epesB syn^B «Austr]a>; Eej^bSH 
cRasaTB, mo6hi btotb paaiPKasB A'i^ioTBOBajii o^ohb BOOAymeBJUfliomHirB 
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OHH He BorpiTHJiH CBoero oy;(Ha; uu me hkohho pascqaTUBaeM^ j^o- 
cTHrnyTB STofi oTpaHH, EorAa HamB npoBiaHTB npHAOTB eb mnuj, 
Ilosajiyi BTo MosoTB noKasaTBCfl lerROMHOJiieMB, ho a BceTBER se 
AyMaD H He Mory ce6i npeAcraBBTB, qTo6u oipaaa, bb EOTopofi mme 
BB aopijrb HScfiHJiyDTB ueji,Biji,E, TyaHsn h Eonps, h r^i trio he 
rpiDTCfl Ha cojiHii^, Jiexa na job^y, ne 6£ua 6u cofiiTOBaHHofl seu- 

JI6ft» CB CMOAOBHMH H HOIO^HilMH ptsaiCH*, fiflSL AByXB MysqHfiX, 

EMlnn^HXTi jyb oBoerB pacnopflseniE xoponiifl pysBH. HaBipHoe Taut 

IfOSHO He TOJIBEO yAOBieTBOpETB CBOH HeiieAieHEHH n0Tpe6H0CTII, HO 

enie o^iiaTB saiiaoB AJi^AsuiBHtfinian) nyieniecTBifl Halllnei^fiepreHii. 

MeS^y TiMB HOBO^O npEXOAHTB Ha HUOXB, ^0 nopOK) BMeHHO Torjia 

(^BaeiB TpyAHO AOOTaTB sHSHeHEue npHnaou, sor^a b'b hexb dojibme 
Boero HysAaeniBCfl. Ho TaEia mucjih 6ucTpo apoxoaetb. Mbi BceTaKE 
roTOBEKCfl EB BiiCTynieHiK)^ cposB EOToparo 6BioTpo npEfiiEmaexeE. 
HeTHpe sba'Ijie bjhe oeoio axoro npofi^yTB OEopo, e. lor^a: npomafi 
yDTHoe rHtsABiinBo, soTopoe saMiHEJio saifBpoAEHy bb Te^eHin cojty- 
Topa ro^a. Mh yxOAEiTB xyAa, fb iipas-B e xoioab; Ty^a, taI i^apgTB 
nonafl HeBSBioxEooTB. 

23-ro EEBapa. Sapa naoTOiBEO yoEJiEJiaoB, ^to ea oiaEie yse bsa- 
HieToa Ha jiBAy. Bb nepBufi pasB bb btomb roAy a pnAtn EpacHiaa 
orfiiecEi ooiHi^a riyfioEo BHE3y sa ropEBOEii, ooBio^eEsouB aapeft* 
Mh CA^aiE npoirfcp'B en^e ao Hamero oi'BlsAa h HamiE' 3850 hct^ 
poBB. SairlifB a nparoTOBEJi'B iuxe e laEB EasB oooCeHHO saicfla. 



4 



216 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

^o6h ohh 6Hin raaAKH, jnpyrH h JierKff, h xopomo ckoibshib, to sl 
mTb xopomeBBKo nponnTaii jifirtewb^ cieapHHOirb h cajioirB h Tenepb 
ooTasaioob TOJKBBo no8a6oTHTbOir, ito6h Hors xopomo x^ftcTBOBaJU, ho 
a He coHH-iBajio^, qT(f tbri h CjsfiTh. 

BTopHHBb 29-ro HHBapfl. BtpoflTsaa mvpoTa 83^,30* (sa HiosojrBHO 
AHoS nepe^b bthh^ hu naxoAHJiHCb oiBepaie 83^40!, ho Tonepb nacx 
onffTB oTBecjio El Dry). CTaBOBETca bob CBtiJii^e h bb hoxj^ohb ho^th 
yse cBtTJio nasi AHeni. Mffb saseTOH Aaace/^TO a Horb 6ii npovecTb 
no;^ oTKpHTSHb He6oHb Ha3Baate srarH, ogxh tjibko 8to Hasfianie 
HanenaTaHo EpynHKHb h OTqeTJEHBUMb mpa^TOHi. Kas2(ii& jsfiVb b. 
BKXOsy Ha nporyjisy, 9to6h npHBiiCTBOBaTb sapx) HacTynaniuaro 
ABH, H sarfaHb npHBBManob sa p86oTy no cHapflseHin BBcneAHiniH. SI 
HcmiTUBaD crpaHHoe qyBOTBO. RoHe^no Tan, vh riySHHi Aynit, a 
oiuyn^aD nt^o Bpo^i^ UBOBama npH hhoxh, qro Bcrb mo^th koh 6ih- 
saTca Eb cBOSMy ooyn^ecTBieHiD no Mtpi Toro Basb oojiHi^e hoahh- 
MaoTca Bce Bume h Biime, ho bx to ase speiui HHor^a Heaa oxaaTH- 
Baerb rJiy6oEaa rpyoib, Bor^a a pafiotan cpoAH oBoeft npEBu^iHoS o6oTa- 
BOBEH. 8to TaEoe ^yBCTBOf EaEoe Boer^a HcnErruBaeTca nps npon^aaifl 
Gb xpysbflUH H AOHOHir, HO^'B Epumsft EOToparo Aoxro HaxoAHJTb y6i- 
TBiEmfi. Mu cpasy noBHAaeai h aroTb jsflwb h jqeoeyb MHJiuxb eoTOsapH- 
men HaBoerAa, h mh^ yse 6oj[Bnie HHsorAa ne npHAeioa pasryiHaaTb no 
nanyfrb, nospuTofi cairoHib, sajrtsaTB noA'B napyoBHHyx) Epumy, oiu- 
maxB cuixb Bb ynTHOHb oaJioni h CH^tTB Bb EpyryApyseft.HnoTOii'b 
KHi npHxoABTb Bb FOJUOBy, HTO Eorj(a Fram pasopBerb Basoneqb cboh 
jiBAflHua OEOBH H HOBOpHeTb HasaAi Bb flopBeriD, TO a yse ho 6yAy 
BA^cb. npomiaHie npHAaerb boImi^ npeAveTaM'b EasoS-To ooofierautt 
rpycTHiifi OTne^aioEi, tohho Benepaaa sapa npa saEari abh. 

Cto pasb Ha AOHb a o6paniaK) cboh B3opu Ha Eapry, BHean^yi) 
Ha CTini, h EasAut pa8b Heaa oxsaTUBaerb xoxoAHaa Aposb. IlyTb, 
jiesan^ift nepoA'b naiiH, npoACTaBJueToa KtA Tasjorb AaiesHVb a q>e^ 
BHTCTBift Ha Hameai nyTH 6uTb noserb 6yAeTb o^eab HHoro. Ho Bar 

TtWb MOHH CHOBa OXBaTtlBaOTIb COBHaHie Hei36£SH0CTH; TaE!B AOISHO 

6uTB H Esa^e 6£1Tb ho MOserB, Bce noAroTOBJEeHO ouniEOMi TU^a- 
leibHO H oTCTynaTb yse nejasa. MesAy TiM'B llsmift BiTep'b cbh- 

CTHTb HBA'b HamHMH FOJIOBaHH, H KU BOO ABHraeHOH El ^otBopy, Ha- 

BCTpt^y names i^i^in. KorAa a BHxosy na naiyfiy h hohbe) oMOTpn 
Ha OBepEannUft BBteAHui cboai h niaMeninntee ciBopHoe ciaaie, to 
Boi xaEia mkcjir oxcTynanTb, e tffli Easexca, hto a Hory OTAOxnyTb 

B1> BTQH'b OBHTHAHn^l, Bb BTOfi TeHHOlt, rJiy60E0&f OeBHOlBHOtt By- 

CTHHi, Bb BTQWb 6e3npeAiibHOHb xpaMi npnpoAU, rAt Ayma orpe- 
KHTca El cBOOHy nepBOHGTO^HBEy. npEiesHEifi Mypaseft, ^to h31 Toro, 
AocrnrHemb tu oo cbohhi sepnoiib n^w hjih h'^tb? Boe HcnesaeTb 
Bb Hopi B^qnocTH, Bi BeiHsofi HnpaaBi. Hama HMona oi roAaHH 
6jKjrb 8a6£iTU, namnxi A'hflHilt hheto ne BcnoHHETb, nama sasHb 
npoieTHTB, Easi ofijiaEo, h Ho^iesHeTb, ebbi Tyaanb, paBronaentt 
ayuHH oojHi^a n yanqrosaeMHlt nxi TonjuoToft. Hama SHBHb — aio 



r 



V^*i 



GPBAH HOHH S JAJU* 217 



TtHB, nposejiBRHyBniaH memo, h He Hosen BepsyxBoa HasaA'B; KOHi^a 1 

HHKTO H6 HOSerb H86isaTB H HHKTO He B03BpaiI^a6T(Ul! 

j^Boe HBi HaoTb OEopo yfi^TB en^e Aanme b'b 8To& rpoMaAHott ' ,1 

nyoTbiHi H 6yAyTB orpaHOTBOBaTB opeAH en^e 6dlBniaro yeAHHemfl h 

THIDEHM. ^ 

CpeA&« 30-ro sHBapfl. CeroAHH npoisomjio BexHRoe oo6uTie: Bti- 
p^Fan MeuEHi^a nocxt Aoxraro oTAma cHOBa Ha^aia* pa6oTaTb. He- 
cMorpfl Ha xoJioAi h leiraoTy, AiiyHAoeHi HonpaBHJTB 8y6^aTH8 ko- 
jieca H renepb nexbHii^a ABHaeioH poBHo h rjiaAKO, tohho no pe- 

SHHi. 

Bee Bpevfl jijrh ciBepo-BOoro^Hiift BiTep'b, h mh oHOBa ABHraeMCfl 
Ha oiBepi». 

Oroxo 8-ro $eBpaju y Haoi 6£ijih roxoBii oaHH oi AepoBflHHuiic 

nOIOBBflMH, H HU HOriH EYb HCapo60BaTB; HU HamiH npH 8T0K^, HTO 

Hxi ropasAO xerqe Tan^BiB, ^tn'B noxoaeHEHfl Ha hoxosba, o6HTUfl 
HaRJiaAHHH^ oepe6poH'B, xorii rpyai 6iiijrB OAHHasoBB Ha o6ohx'b ca- 

MBTb. PaSHEI^a 6sxa XaKl BeXHEa, mo OaHH Ol ofiHTUlIH nOX03bflMH 

Hani nosasajiHOb baboo THsexie. 

HamH HOBufl oaHH hsi HceneBaro A^peBa TaKse 6wle ho^th boh- 
qenu M 6eyb hoxosbob'b BicHn 15 KHJiorpaiiH'B. Boi juoah ycepAHo 
pafiOTaDTB. CBopApyni nnerB a^h caneft KaieHLsie MimBH hjih no- ' 

AymKH, KOTOpue AOXSHU 6yAyT'L CXySHTB HOACTHXROK) Jlfi9 EaflBOBl, 

noiioseHHu:L'B na caHH. loraHcenx oi ApyrHHH HanojiHADTB 8Tn M'J^msH 

DeMKHEaHOlfB, EOTOpuft Affl BTOfi I^tXH AOXSeHl 6uTb XOpOIHO HOTOA- 

^enx, ^Tofiu cocraBHTB zopoinyiD noAOTHJiRy ais HameH Aparoi^^HHOfi 

jiOAEH. HanoiHeHHHe TaEin^ oOpasok'b qerupex'byroJibHfiie rxaAEie 

MimEH Ha xoxoAi saMepsaDTb, saE'B EaiieHb, h coxpaHHDTb cbod 

4K)pKy. BxeccHHrb ohahtb vb pa6o?e& sonHaTb h cHHHaerb eooIh 

cb ^OTOipa^ifi, nesAy Tiwh EaEi FaHGeHii A^aerb Ha6poooEb EapTu 

Haqero nyTH, sanHCbiBaerb aaa Haoi oboh Ha6juDAeHm h t. n. Ko- -^ 

poH6 roBopfl, BpHA^-iH HafiAercfl xoth 6u oahhb qexoB^E'b na oyAHi, 

xoTopHfi 6ii He qyBCTBOBairb, hto HOMenrb otbisAa npH&iBsaeTCfl; 

pasBi TOXBEO Bi EyxH^ Bce HABTb no npesHBHy. 

Bqepa Mu 6uJB[H Ha 83' 32,1' oiB. mnpoxEi h 102« 28' booto^hoA 
AOJiroTH. TaEi qio MH, SHaqHTb, OHOBa BanpaBHXHCb El Dry. Bnpo- 
^ewb 8T0 He '6bA9k, qxo SHam-b oahoS hih AByHfl hopcehkh khahmh 
toxbme Hjui MOHbrne? 

BooEpeceHbe, 19-ro ^oBpaxH. CeroAHH 6uio tbe'b cbItao, qro 
GEOJio qaca AHfl fl Morb aoboibho lerEO HHTaTb cVerdens Gang», ToxbEo i 

HysHO 6iuo ABpxaTb rasery upoTHBrb CBiia sapn; eojiH se a noBep- 
THBax'b ee npornBi jiyHU, OToan^efi raKy6oEO na ciBepi, to HHiaTb i 

6hxo HeBOBHoauio. ! 

nepeA'b Q&bnowb a npoAnpHHajTb EopoTeHbEyx) noisAsy cb AByna I 

HOXOAHMH co6asaKH, cFyxeHOiTby h cCysHHOfii, a TaEse iRaft^a- ' 

COMXP. ryxeHT» en^e hh paay ne xoAHjrb bx ynpajKH, ho BceiaKE no- 
mexb xopomo; xoth OH'b h BUEasajii ntEOTopoe ynpaMOTBO cnaqaira, 



218 pyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

HO 910 BCKop'b nponuo, laRi ^rro, h ^ijiiai), ovb 67^6x1 xopomen 
oo6aRo&, Kor^a Haj^HToa. cCysHHat, yse BosEsniafl oanH npomion 
ocoHLi), Beia ce6fl, KaB'b onHTEaa co6aKa. ^opora TBepjiafl i a^h 00- 
6aKi He npei^oTaBiiklTOff Tpy^HOft; nowa ne ohohs nepoBHa, ho h ho 
cjTHinKOMx naAKa. JIoa'b poBHHfi h j]io6ewh am 6ira, Tasi tto a Ha- 
AbncB, ^To BTi AeHL MM fiyAOM'L npoxoAHTB xopomifl paacTOflHifl h 6y- 
AOHx jiBHraTBCfl BnepoA'B cKopi^e, ^wb a Ayvaii. H He Mory OTpn- 
i^aTB, ^To 8T0 A&^esii nyTB. Hhkto en^e TaR'& pimHTejaHo ne csh- 
ran obohxi Kopafijiefi. CnoBa naftTH cy^Ho 6yffen hoboshosho h ne- 
peAi> HaHH lexHTL Bejonoe HeH3BtoTHoe. Tam eoT& tojebro o^Ha ao- 
pora; ona BOAerb npHMO, Bce npHHO, 6yjs,h to nepesi cymy hjih BOffy, 
repeal rjiaARoe hjih nepoBHoe npoorpaHOTBOy ho toj[lro nepesi iba'^ 
hjvh ^epes'B xe^B h BO^y, e h Tsep^o yfiiasASHi, tto mi npo6epeHCH, 
Aase eoiH aoxshh fiyxeiTL HaTKHyiBCH na caiioe xy^mee, — ^na sohjii) 
H njioBy^itt le^B. 

CpcAa, 13-ro ^espajTH. IIoAyniKa hsi nenMHKaHa h oymoHuft nam- 
TerB Hsi ne^eHKH yse fotobei. KaaRH CyAyii jiexaTB na npeKpaonoi 

nOACTHJ[K'6 H fl OOrblHBaiOCB yTBOpSAATB, ^TO TaRlJI HHOHUfl HOAyniRH 
afiOOJIIDTHaH HOBHHRa. nOA^ RaSAHM'B RaBROMl HaXOAHTOH TpH TaRHX'B 

nOAymRH, TOHHO npHrnaHHiifl Ri oanflirB h Hif&ioiuifl ^l^opvy AHa RaflRa. 
Ohh bIohtb 60—60 RHxorpaMM'B. Mhco (noHMHRaHB H cymeHaa ne- 
HOHRa), HanojiHaDn^ee Bci Tpn noAyniRH, atcHTB npefijiHaHTejiBHO 160 
RHJiorpaMifB. KasAutt h3i> naci EJcfcerB lerRiA cnaiBHHfl MimoRi 
H3i OJiOHBHro irfixa, bb ROTOpon mm cx lorasceHOM'B Qonpo6oBavH 
npocnaiB Dpomjiyi) hohb na OTRpiiTOMi) BOSAyxi. OAHaRO, mh 06a 
HamJiH, TTo 8T0 AOBOJiBHo npoxiaAHd, XOTH Boero toibro 6hio 37^. 
B21TB MOserB MU ojiHmROMii lerRO OAtiicB noAi BOji^Bet iny6oi h 
noaroMy oeroAHH hohbd nonpodyeni CAiJiaTB BTopoft oauTB, tojq»ro 
OAtooMOfl noTenjiie. 

Cy660Ta, 16-ro ^OBpaJUi. Hame cHapHsenie A^iaerb fiojo^mie 
ycQ'&XH, xoTH eniie naAO no3a6oTHTBrH pasHuxi Meio^ax'S, ^to bosb- 

MOTB BpeMfl, TaR-B ^TO fl He 3HaK), 6jflfiWb JIE MM rOTOBBI Kb BUCTyn- 

jieHiD Bi cpeAy, 20-ro ^eBpaira, RaRi a ATMajTB paaBine. Jiflewb xe- 
nepB TaRi OBiTJSO, ^to eojiH6i aa 8tbm^ 6hj[o a^'o, to ms mofjih 6h 
BuoTynHTB TorqacTB se; oAHaRo, 6mtb mosbtb, Jiyqine 6yA6Ti> qoao- 
»AaTB jsfiBh HiH js,Bh. TpH oaHHHX'B napyoa ysRe fotobh. Ohh oa%« 
AaHU Hsi lerRot tiyMasHofi MaTepiH h HirfcK)TB bi mnpHHy 2,20 Me- 
TpoBii npH buoot6 Bi 1,30 MOTp. napyca xaRi ycTpoenu, hto htb 
MosHO oooABHiTB BMicT& H ynoTpe6HTB, RaRi> OAHHi napyoi na aboS- 
uuTb oaaax-B. il AyicaK), hto ohh nani oRasyrB xopomia yciyra, 
ohh Bioarb oroio 600 rpaMMX. KpoMt xoro, mu yse npHroTOBHXH 
6oxBmyK) qaoTB DpoBianxa a^a Harpy3RH wb MimRH. 

{IIpodoAoiceme CAfhdyerm). 



OdsofTL Hameft eoBpeMGHHoft noaain. 



IT. 
rr. MnhckIM, MepemKOBCKiH, <t^oct>aHOBi». 
FoBops ooBpeiieHHoft pjeoxoft noasiH, hhbto He BSAyHaen, pa- 

9plidTeJi, rOBOpHTB r. nOlOHOKOIfB, €06X1 OOraXBHOMl H31» CTaH 

OiisBEofl* HarnHxi opioBi <uoTaro» HCKjcerBa, — $eTa, Maftsosa, Ajl. 
TojoToro H up. Ero nicu yse xaBHo nponira, k Jiy^niitt paoi^Birb 
es, sas'b dio hh oipaHHO ot> nepBaro BsmAft, OTHOotEiOfl kt> 60-irB 
^0Aall^, Kb limb caimM'b roAam, soTOpse speipi uojaro HcsycoTBa 
TaKi jTDdflTB Tenep& pasHoeHTB s noHocHTb (noasia r. IIoiOHOKaro 6iua 
paH&me Boero i Jiy^une boofo oj^aeaa JifttfOJaoioBuwb). He Menie 
crpaHHHirb 6wio 6u nociaBHTB sa o^en ooBpeiieHHoS noaaiH h at^ob- 
Haro aHTHHOAa r. IIoJiOHOKaro — jijijifiXTsneoKjt), rpasAaHOByio iiyay 
r. ^M^ysHHKOBa: ona TaBse npeffCTaBiaeTi co6ok) shbo& nanaTHEKi 
AaBHo XHHyBmHrB BpeiieHi. HecpaBHeHHo 6j[Hse k'b ooBpeMeHHOOTH 
rpa^ rojteHHn^eBi-KyrysoBi, i xiici h6 Meaie hh BOspaoTL SToro 
noera, hh BpeMS, Kor^a othxh ero BusuBajiH bi o6iiiiecTBi HtKoio- 
pui HHiepeoi, He no8BOJi[flK)TB Hani o^HecTff h ero ei Hpe^oTaBH- 
Tejuifb MOJiOffOH noasiH. IIpaBAa, HSBioTHuft ^HJipoo^)^ BjiaA. Go- 
jnoBBeBi othtHBHii HO Tasx AABHO, ^To rpa$i KyxyaoBi HBifleroH 
vb nosAHittHieM'b ^^asHci cBoefl noaTH^ecKofi a'^tojitihooth Bupaan- 
TeieM'L y nacL E^eft 6yAAB[3Ma: OTKpHTie aio Cujio oMimo, BaR'B no 

OfiOeft HOOSHA&HHOCTH, TaB'B H MaJIOtt p60CHOBaHH00TH... Bi» npocTQTi 

AymeBHofi hh nojiaraenii, tto B3» noaAHiMmeM'B nepioAi oBoero paa- 
BHTifl noaaui rpa^a * poBHO HflHoro co6od ho HSofipasaerB, Kpoirb 
ynaAKa rkxb ^HOTO-noaTH^eoxHX'b ajieHeHiOB'B, Rasie, HecoMHiHHo, 
6iUH B'B Hefi nepBOHaqaiBHO. Tor^a, Vh rohi^'^ 70-x'b roAOBi, bt> 
cTHxoTBopeHiflZ'B, eooTaBHBiiiHX'E nepBBifi ofiopHHit'B rpa^a FoJieHH'- 
lUeBa-KyryaoBa, ohi A^ftoTBHTeJiBHO odHapysHJOLi e CBtoee mojioaoo 

qyBOTBO, H HCRpeHHIOD JU()60BB B'B SH3HH npHpOAU, XOTfl HH TO, HH 

Apyroe He nuo, paayMteiofl, A&ALine EpaoHBJbix'B nepeniBOBi y:be 
AaBflo B8BioTHKKi» ofipaamOBX, ^eia, TnT^eBa, Ajl. Tqictofo h np. 
Bi noaA^mie roAU,~ci yxoAOMi voioaoote h yAajienieM'B wb peaK- ' 
[];iOHHHH E3AdH]fl,— rpa$i> KyxyaoBii HBnero yse HOAaJU'B, BpoHt Hi-< 



2 PyCCKOE BOPATCTBO. 

oKOXBEHxi oKysssTb nodiTB, npeACTaBJUBn^HXi camifl o6HKHOBeH- 
HHfl, 6e80HJi&HBUi noTyrH $uooo^cKaro ueooHUHSMa, Koropiui Ha- 
nim ytoesaDO^HHOfl $uoco$oirL-KpHTERoirB npisATH 6iin aa opi- 
niHaiBHoe npoflBJieme Ha pyoosoft no^OBi HAett 67Mn8Ma... 

3a TO HH oAHHi o63op% MOJiOAofi Hamet noaalH He Moserii o6ot- 
THO& 6e8'L Toro, HTo6u He 6iUH ynoiiaHTTEi hjih jft^Ke noctaBieHH 
BO rjnBy yrjta HHena TpoHxi noaroB'L, Tose ne OTU^ann^axofl yxe ooo- 
6eEEoi MOJiOAooTBK): Hii HHieiTL vb BHAy tr. HHHORaro, MepesBOB- 
osaro H ^^anoBa, caMOMy HxaAmeiiy bb'l ROTopHX'&, naBipnoe, ecTb 
yase sa TpHAi^aTb jri^rB... 

Ho Bonpooi jri^Taxi— Bonpooi, koho^ho, BTopooreneHHiifl. Mu 
orpaHH^HMOfl oGn^Hi, &krssnrb ovepsovB noraneosHX'L ^HsioHOMit 
HaaBaHHHX'L nHcaiejiet, mBmocrb o6pa80M%, bi Bi^y nrb ofime- 
HdffkTHocTH (ne A&^ie, Bnpo^eni, Easi wh nponuoHi roAy, mh ro- 
BopHjH r. Mhhcbomi aoboibho noApo6HO, no noBoxy 3-ro HSAaHUi 
ero onxoTBopeniA: oh. <P. B.», Idhb). 

Paoi^Bin noBTH^eoKaro Taianra MnHORaro othochtoh Tasse Kb 
AaBHO HRHyBmHVb BpeneHaMi. IIpaBAa, vh cepeAHHt 80-x% foaobi, 
xorxa nosTB nrpan yse BHAHyD poxB bi noxoseHiH oohobi au 

HKHtmHeft mKOIH BCTerOBl-CHMBOJIHCTOBl (a mBHOn H8l 8TSXI 
OOHOBl flBJUerOfl 06m6CTBeHHHfl HHAH^peETHSn* €mKOXH»), TaJiaHTb 

ero coxpaHflxi en^e nonyD onjiy h cosAaBarb BpeMeHan hothhho 
noaTHHecBifl Beoui. Ho vh 90-e foah ovb npHmexi vb HBHoe saxH- 
p^Hie, H vb HaoTOfln^ee Bpena yron^aerii ^oiTaTexeft cOiB. BioTK.», 
a HHorAa h cBioTHHKa EBponiii TaxHMH A^aHHiiHH, xoxoaho-bh- 
^lypHHiiH BHpmaMH, axio6u ^Hiooo^oxaro coAepsaHiH, ^to ipyAHo 
OHBaen Ao6paxB0H ao hxi oHHcxa. KyAa A^Baxoa h cxaiiit, spa- 
ohbhS HtsorAa othxi r. MHHoxaro: ouohhuA h npes^^e vb hsxhei- 
Heft BHTieBaiocTH, ohb npeBpaTHiOfl leiiepb bi roxyD pHTopHHeosyx) 
^pasy... HenyApeHO hohbtb, bi cyn^ociH, h npH^EHy Taicoro ne- 
qax&naro npeBpan^eniH. AaBi xosynrL nOBOny €TeHeHii» pyooKOft 
no88iH, oam r. MsHCKit ofixaAan AooTaiovaiM'b yMOMi n xyAOse- 
OTBeHBHMi ijTbem^ Tro6ii ne BHAiTB Boixi> rtxi Hexinooreft h 
tesrasTHOOTet, vb KasHVB npHmxa €mxoxa>, oootosBmaH net fie- 
HHKOBi BpoAt IT. JlbAOBa, Coxory6a, BaiBHonra, r-SH rnniiiyci 
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sypu, MH rpoMorjiaoHo npHsnaeHOfl — mu myrHuI.. He Bib saRoi ohm-* 

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n^aro cviji/bmB; pyccRie ohmbojihcth ooraiHCB npn cbocm^ ixpemtm^v 
credo h ocohbr) otrpodtb, Bipoflino^ HOBUft noxoAi n somaio tStfi* 
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BiiDHBOROfi RHHXRi iPyooR. Bor.» noHBEJiaoB CTaiBH Apyroro aBTopa 
r. BajDbMOHTi, ABDn^aa HaMi nonoe npaso yMOJraaxB o(h» oahomi htb 
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po6RH, ka BUOJoA coi;^aoHu, sa o^ohb pasBi HeaHaHHTeuHUME hc« 
xjnoqeHiflMH: TaRi, no HameMy MHiHix), ohi> HicROJiBRO npeyBoxHu- 
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8 PyCCKOB BOrATGTBO. . 

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ineiu; njosafl rr. CoxoiytSiH Baxepift Bpnoosi 6jjijTb npAMO re- 
siaxLHH, H8o6pasaa cbohblh ooo6aM]i HanxExi AOMOpon^eHHuxi Me- 
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A^Mj noBipHTL r. BajibMonry, ^o bi 1896 lOffy ohb, to^ho Boospec- 
inii npeAOTaBHTejib oaHTHHeHTax&Haro HanpaBieniH, ryuH no jritoy, 
fnoqixyeHi tpoboshtb uoTByi? Hie r. BpnooBy^ ^to owh cxesvrB 
Bi apoHart (?) aaajDft h APOHJun bi nyaHKaiBHoft THBn»? 7si oeo- 
pie se MH roTOBu noBipHT& hxi uaAmeMy TOBapHiqy no mKOJcfc, 
r. 6. Cojioryffy, xOTopHft ntobHOAaBHo Ha 0TpaHHitaxi& «GiB. B.»: 
yiH6ai)CB, 8a6aBiflK)CB, 

GaiTb C060H) BXOXHOBIfllDCB... 

BoTB noxxoxan^ii aoHrpa^ xo Boett namet TaKi HasHBaevot cbm- 
Bon^eoRot no88iH! On paasaxeHui Moara hih on xpyrnrb npn^HKB 
BOBBpaniaflOL bi> MxaAenecsoe cocioaHie, ohh, xUoTBRrexBHO, yjm- 
€aimu[, 8a6aBiflDTca, oaxH co6ox> b^oihobuidtgh... 

?ame Bcero, KOHono, cMtmHTi, ho Mosen HHor^a uphboahtb h 
vb HORpeHHoe HeroAOBaHie Ta KanlH Ben^H, xf> ROTopot xoxoffm 
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npflMo CeaoTUAHoe oTHomeme ri oiaBHUHi saBiiaHi npomiaro na- 
met nTepaiypH, Roropoe ohh oe0% nosBOJUDTB. Eohovo, laROHy, 
Hanp., (TB nosBOieHifl cRasaTB, HHoaTejoD, RaR'B r. BpnooBi, mosho boo 
npocTHTB, — h to^^to OHi fsaBin^aeTB obox) RHmy b^hhooth h HORyo- 

eTBy», H to, ^TO cHB^rSa BTOpOOTeneHHHX'B HeAOOtaTROBl HiROTOpBZXl 

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He 6681 Taiana. Ecih dia AoraAU HOBipHa, to asTopi rhhih € Chefs 
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psqeOREX'B 0IEX0TB0peHit>, Vb npeAHGiOBlH ri rotophvb rOBOpRTOH: 

cBx Te^enie AeyxB (?) AeoaTExiTift HexpaooBi ooraBaxoH Heorben- 



0£30FB HASIEfi COBPEMSHHOfi nOSSIH. 9 

leMHxrb BiaoTHTeJieirB jijwb coBpeHOHnxoBi. IIoopeACTBeHHue cthxo- 
TBopipur, EKeHa Koropiixi a^ho yse norioTHJua cMeAieHHaii Jfera^, 
BTopm exy aptshhitb xopom; Boi oenuBHne pycosie nodra npe- 
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pemi. Ho npomio Boero Asaxi^aTB jAtb h ot& npeuoseEifl sToro 
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jfiMMBU 6ui!h HasBaHH, KpoMft IlymsHHa, Tdt^obi, $6T!b, Bapaisni- 
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ats MOH othxh npoemoe seianie npHAaTB hitb HaH6oxie OT^eruBoe 
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ipooToml Avby saRoe Bce aro A^annoe, HOHOKpeHHee xoxaHBe h 
cOMeAiaHCTBoI 

A r. JIbaobi, HH^TOse oyKHnmeoH, npoAOisaerB BHiiltoTBOBaTB: 



10 PyCGKOS BOrATGTBO. 

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nepeuTOBax) otexe cb en^e 6oxuiifl]rB yAHBxesieEi: MEi xaseroE, 
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HeBEETHUM'B, TaEEOTBeEEHinb rOXOOOE'B, yXOBETB KOTOpUft VoA JJ^9k- 
XOOB XEEIB 01 BeXEHainiEHE yOEJliEHEP. 

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CHTB, XOKaerB-XE OHB Vb 8T0 BpOEE OTyXBE, SO F. JlB^OBIb, CXpOMEO 

noTyoEB'B rxasa, nocninuurB eoeceetb! €... e, ecxE ocMixDOB laxi 
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BHAEEaro Mipa>. * 

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0B30FB HAmEft COBPEUEHHOfi nOdSIH. It 

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npoHoerb eny nxaHeHHyx) oAy: 

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Taxi orjameHHHfi— Bosifi niiHHHS'B — 

npHHOCHTI) B% XpaMt GBJlTyK) A^HB, 

KoFAa iipocTpeTi si neuy cBfln^eflHxsB 
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yxe cHH^eirB npEspaxoBi OeanAomniMh EeBupasEMoft spaooTK» e ck 
TOCKot Bonpomaerx: 

Kasod HaniBi, Kasifl csa^SH, 
Kasia KpacKH h nepTU 
nepej^aAyxt cbaxua lacAH (?) 
HeBonjomeHHofi Rpacoxu! 



12 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

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floe... Bi ^OTdaeA, padyiiieTOfl, npoeysAAeToa idOoiihtotbo, h on 
^mfi nepoBopauBaen orpaHEi^j: 

B% HOHH npejc^yBCTByfl sapn 
H pascEdbiafl b'b nefl^ 

.& B'b Xyniy Bd^^IHOCTH CMOTpi) 

CsBOSB Kpasi xyniH Moeft. 

Xopomo r. Jbaobj, eotophS yiifteTii fpasoBftiaTBi, ho AJUiHaoi, 
mpOOTSIXl CMepTHHXl, TyTi MpaRib, noiHiift MpaE'B. 

GiiepTL, He TH iH y nopora, 

H He TBOft IE CIHIOy 30B% 

Bb xopi TainHxi roiocoBi? 
ECJEB TaSl, TO c6pocB HospoBB: 

0«H CTpaCTHSA rOTOBH 

vK% cosepi^aHBH) xpacoTu... 
9to thI 

Kasil TasB, Bweman^ r. JIb^ob^ ho coBoiM^ OTAyHan yvEpaTB? 
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PoAHHKB cBAToro yirbnieHBA 
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TaKOBO coAepsanie tuecmu nepBUx^B OTHxoTBopeHift vh riaBHOiTB 
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H He XJa HHXB SB^SAaMH BUmHTB 

KoBepB noiyHo^fflHXB He6ecB. 
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Ohh HAyxB senHOfi TponoK), 
KasB 6yAT0 HmyiB hoab co6od 
MorHiB xJfl npaxa CBoero... 



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KHX'B TaiaHTOBlI 

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npOCTpaHCTBa MHHMOCTB (?) npSBOBMOrB? 

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^epieaB HeBi^OMOfl Hrpn (!). 

B'B ApyroMi OTHXOTBopeHiH THinHHa y Hero €8acHyi[aBi»cjie8axB>; 
fh TpsTBeMB Haci yfiAacnaioTT.: 



14 ^ P7CCS0B BOFATCTBO. 

GosepuafiTe naxenie cH^a, 
CoaepuaftTe naAenie (?!)• 

AaxBme <aosa^ jbAhhbo HopooHTB, to^ho mvl HespiunirB ohtb^i 
« o«6HHei[y BiTpy noarL saAaen Bonpooi: 

BiCTHHKl 6e8AHII pOKOBOd, 
nofiiSXeHHUft, HO SHBOfi (?), 
HbH Bl Te6i MATOTCA CHia? 

Gi K'bM'B BurifiCTByerB yniuo 
BorozyuHud roioci tboS?. 

I BiTep'B, paBjutorojiy HH^ero ho OTsl^aen Ha vry BHTieBaTyn 
^enjxy, h, bi OTiasHiB, r. JEbsobi, HasoHei^, npisiaeroa: 

& nosa^HTB seicHiie SBysH, 
YTpaTHrb cioBa xapi seMHofi.*. 

Bon Te6t, 6a6yinRa, h H)pbeB'B aohbI.. 

SarjuiHeirb, laKOiei^, bi> noojilAHUI OTjijbjrb rhifh «HaniBH», 
UE— Bipiie 6IUO-6U oKaaaTB — «nepenteu>, Tasi KasB dojaiHEi- 
tsTBo nontn^eHEHTL BKboh jnoGoBHHX'L oTHXOTBopeHift r. J[bAOBa npeA- 
eiaBJUiDTB oumKOiTL HBHoe noxpasaHie Maxo HSBioTEHitb y saoi 
DOHeraiTB IleTpapKH; HacTOflniie nepeBOjm h8% nocjiiAHaro noMinieHH 
TyTB-ze. OAHaxo, oprEHauHUTB sypBesoBi se o6epeinBos i Vb aioiTB 
OTAiJii. nosrb Me^iaerB HaoiaAHTBos vb OBoero BoajinfiieEHofi <oo- 
^eraHBeiTL, HenocTHSHimirb we 3eiuH». KaKi JDo6flrB r. J[baobi h 
no^oMy paaoTaiea g'b nefo, Mosen noHfliL jihuib toti, kto cqocthtb 
BOOToprB Heo6iiToiHHXii crpeiueHit). y eji eofb «£HmB vb HeoiBflS- 
^ebhitb aari^RairB Mofi jsjrb TaHHOTBOHHO BjieR0in>»; «aworb saorb 
manHTOK'B saHanHBO-ooHHuft (?!)». Hsi Oiiuxi KpuiBeBi cepa^ma 
«6e8Tiji[eoHO» ynaio sa aeiun nepo, h hbi Hero oosAajiaoB B08jm6- 
jtoHHaa no8Ta. 

yase HBi BTHxi HeiiHorouojieHHHZ'L npnipoBift bhaho, saKi 

MHOrO ^paSHOTOOTH H MBJIO CepAeTOOCTE Bl JQOGOBEHX'B EBJdflHiEXl 

T. JlBAOBa. Bnpo^eiTL, era «6e8TiieoHaE» h «senooTHXE]iaii ais 
86]UE» JU060BB se npou EflOFAa e on ErpHBOoreS, Eanp. bi otexo- 
TBopesiE lOnyn^eHH mTopii y Hameft Kapeni*: 

0, TafiHua MucjLB, po6Kie BsnaAHl 
K% HCHy jHUCH'fepHTB? paspyiDHM'B saiBopu, 
3a6yAeM'B JDAed h JiDxcsia nperpaAu! 
y Hamefl sapeTU onyn^eHu mTopu. 

OAEaxo, Kasi^se Bce bto cKyqEO, saK'B csyuol H jxb, eo- 

HOqEO, HH HO 0TaU-6H TEKl HOApoOHO paSOMaTpEBaiB €JUI- 

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ma EaniExi paceloKBxi OcKapoBib yafiXBAOB'B, eciE 6ii hitb eo 
npoAEieoTBOBaio Tasoe pasBESEoe npoAECJiOBie. H BaKi toibko 
noAofiEse 6My pE^nan ocM&iHBanTOE npOTEByEocTaBJUTB cboe sai- 

Bifl BflpmE EpOEBBOAeEiEM'B EECaieJIA, EHE EOTOpaTO 6yAyE^ HOTO- 

pEsi JiHTepaiypu, EecoMEftEHO, npESEaerb oaehmi esi ipexi b6IE- 



0E80PX HAmEft COBPEMEHHOK QO83I0. 15 

VDCh noaTOBi, kotophx'b jijuio HairB xeBflTHaAi^aToe oroJiiTie!.. Ohh 
ocMiiHEaDTCfl jTBepsAATB, TTO 6e8ii cii^a nponuH rt BpeiieHa, 
Korxa pycoKoe ofimeoTBO Moria jBiesaTB e TporaTB ciiysa necTH i 
&e?ajni>, ora €6AjifLUi^ vb spoBH, rhjtoitb iseiHeHHafl ]C78a>, ji 
flieran npasAHnsi ajui aokojio6£ixt» aoreioBi, okmboihotobti n A6Ka- 
jieROBib. Ki o^acrii), btotb npasAHSKi iitl npHciucs, h pjcosoe 
<>6m;6CTBo eme se aosuo ao laKoro nosopa. OfiaflHie osop6Hoft noa- 
Bin HespacoBa, Kas's h rtoHo oBflsasHot ci Hen k>eo& mjsh HaA- 
i^oHa, omnKOMi eme fiBerB BcAm vb rxasa, tco6h mosho diuo noA- 
BopratB ero xota 6h MaiilmeMy ooHHiids). 

VI. 

r. (D p y r I. 

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noMiiiiaeTOfl Boe Jiyvnee, no Aa^ii r. $pyn eme bi to Bpeiut, KorAa 
B086ysA&Ji^ 6ouinifl BaAesAH, BaoraBiflu AynaTB, mo hsi yssaro 
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co^BOTBifl B&bwb orpaAaDiiiHM'B, odnBeHHHjrB h yrHeTeHHuirB jnoAairb, 
^681 pasjiHHifl Hxi pacoEHXi HiH pejEHrioBHHxi ooofieHHooxeft. OSB- 
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OAHO BpeHH OiaTL WOLe EHCTO-pyOCKHlTL niBI^OHl, H OIOBO <PyoB> 

o^eHB nacTo BBy^aio na ero npi BMioTO npesHflro €CioHa>; roAa 

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Ha crpaHHi^ii raseTEi cCBim, npnHHJio aaso o^ohb orpaHHufi au 

npexHHro eBpeftcEaro naTpiora oTrlHon, o^ohb noxosifi bo bghkomii 

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16 PyCCKOB BOPATCTBO. 

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craBJUiDrB, cpaBHHTejKHO, ciabyD togtb. Eirh Vh r. 4^pyri aim* 
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TO, mo HH AABHO SBaOlTB H9B 6H6j[iH, H npOKpaOHIlft Bl OBOet 
IHOTO-HapOAHOi HaHBHOOTH HOAIHHHEK'B TOSbKO CTpaAaeTB OA BTOFO 

nepeo^BaEia vh EHTeuureHTHHt Hap&Ai; A^fl npHMipa yKasem^ 
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aHTHnOBTH^HO. 

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aTHMl BOHIflM'B, HOJIHHirB TOOKH H OTpaOTH: 

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A paxocTBd, yBHl TaRi Maio natfepeTCfl; 

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Jl^yrafl cs BonjoHB o6opBeTca!.. 

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noxapa Hcspy posoByio!.. 

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HJE Aase r. MEHCsaro bb jiyqinEZB ero Beic^axB. 

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TETCa rpaEOTflOCTE, HTO MU C07JE HeiEmEEM'b CA^aTB 3TE 3aHi?aHiiL 

ox^oweMy aoaiy. 




OBSOPl HAmBft GOBPEHBHHOft nO»8IH. 17 

sanp., xaRi oimciiBaeTB r. ^pyrB, oSpan^aacB kl OBoeMj naosip- 
Koicy ooBpeMeHEHsy: 

Eorxa Te6£ pynoft safioTiHBoft h HtoHoft 

BoxHja MaxL b% seieHiui noiA, 

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H EWb uojoi'b'TrpascB. th nosopoM^B 

H Hax'b MOOD Mysoft xozoTan. 

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Th Bi rpyxB mod pysod aecTOSoft ihj's... 

0, caoii»so CHXEi CBtoeft h Mory^eft 

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n CHacTBe xaiBHee poxHofi ero scmjih. 

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6pue, fioJmue Ha^esffGi, SByEv: 

ji 9. OT)(in IB 8 



18 PFCCKOX BOrATGTBO. 

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OBSOFb HAimtft COBPBIIEHEOt nOBBIH. 19 

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.^sypb orapiie, .auho HaBioriHe KOfUH, pa6eKH EAjn isfiHToi xo- 
porot (fiorie sia^iHTeiBKHeTaiaHiHyiKeodiiiiisnexoK&rboociteHii). 
. HanpoTHBi, rt noarHr, bi CTHxan KoropHTS onnniTOfl hih oninia- 
JLOOB npHojTOTBie HaoTOflHiaro Taiaxra, EiiiDn ocryseHioe oepAi^e h 
ouai^eHHHAym; desouunie Kaerpani, XDHe MeprBei^iii 8th nHom- 
^^Tapipi HanpafiuinTb OBoe Boofipaxeiie h ^tbotbo bi erapoHj 6oa- 
EHXi H nopol npno SBBpan^eHHSirb ^aiTasil, TooKjnn no Kasoft- 
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.JUBLDTB 00 cMepTBi), H oTHOOHToa 01 iposieft Vb €Tan xa8UBaeKol» 
rpaswaHOKOfi osop6K. 

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noertAHio roxH Tasott ananvioft n HiXH^peHTEot z% o6meoTB6H- 
rfiim Bonpooam* fiaxas, ooHiuafl, jroiuesHafl jsfiMe vb ly^mei 
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aefi poaB^ioHHH]rB axexeirairB,— h Bnpasi a osa npeieEAOBaTb, ^to 
fl OTB ooBpoMOHHoft iHiepaTyps Bierb Tin se yTOiu[eHieM<B i loft 
se auTiefi? JiHTepaTypa— xhts shbhi, roBopm mk bi orani o 
HaAOOH*!,— I noKa shbhb 6yAeTL oipa h MOHOTOHHa, xo rtr& nop-b 
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OTBBa, aoaaic. BpeMOxaiai xoryn BemcxKBaib OTxiiBHiui, ojiy^iat- 
.mia CuieoTSB, ho o6iii(Ut ^h% ooraHeros lyoBiHirB h (SiiAKHirB. ^bhcb 
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no oepAiVUTL loi HeBftAOHon OHiofi...» PaBsoAyniHoe oSiaeorso npoft- 
^en MBMo HOfl: coahe se noflMyTbt ho yoxHrnarb Apyrie>... 

CpeAH KHoroiBOieHHHX'b npHHEHib^ oosAaBmExi laKoe neuiBHoe 
nojioseaie ^kih, se nooriABDD pou, AyxaeirB ]fii,irpajioTO otooa- 
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jilHieirB. He orb Boaxaro, KOHeno, BpeiieEH BnpaBi mh Tpe6oBaTb 
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oTMi^eEEaro ne^aibi) oeih e opErEEaiBEOOTE,--Boe ero saoiiAio ^u- 
jiurb, doxle ouoiuBuxi BpeveEi. Jifote rt nvb AapoBEiim fiei- 
jieipEOTOBi, KOTOpHo, Eo OTapofi naxETEi Boe en^e npoAOjnsanTB oniTb 
MOiOAuxE, Boi 068% EOBJDo^eEifl Hifinrb yse abjicko sa TpEAi^aib 
jAvb, E, oxiAOBaTeiBEO, cmoioaoo nosoiiniei ee bi EaEoinb orpuA 
M!d EMlen npaBa emh ropAflnoa... 

Ho 8to-6u en^e noxfiiAU — 668nio;ae oaeofo AOOETExtTia; seopaB* 



20 P7CGB0B BOrATCrCBO. 

B6HH0 Xyse TO, HTO BaKOfiyTO OTpaHHHft TKIIHOn yMOTBeHHarO H KO-^ 

paiBHaro ynaAsa npooreivB oboe Mpa^HSUi Kpaxbo. h n MHOrHTB. 
npoAcraBHTejieft n^pesBaro, ji[7^iBaro BpeKettx, npoKOJisannQncB emj^ 
jrbfloTBOBaTB vb mrepaTypi h si^aBaTB eft tovb. yBasaeioie HiROrxa. 
poHaHHOTH, y^iBmie MOJioxesB j»)6bh z% spaBfffc s dBiTy, He niy^ 
manrofl pa6oTaTB vh opraHaxi, Ha sHaiieHH KoropHTb HanHoaHH ue- 
MeHHaa HeHaBHOTBHpaBHOAyinie kb o6nteoTBeHHOiiy nporpeooy; uorie 
. Apyxie BHeaTexH hsi 6uBJimTb He Tasi aabho «]iep6A0BiafH» otkphto 
nepenuiH bb paA^i aKtHBHKXi (Sopi^OBi peaKipH. Bespadnnoe otho- 
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FHXB, BecBua no^reHHuxB bi ApyraxB oisonreHJoztB nacaTejiei... Ha 
expaHHipi JiyiHiHXB xypnaiOBB Boe ^ame npo^paAHBaDiea 06MOJIBRH 
bb Ayzi HAeft oHMBonaxa, oyrB KOToparo, EaxB mh yse ne pasrB. 
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(OAHO H8B MOAHHXB TOHepB OXOBeieSBl), a HO TOHB, HTO HODTB 

AOAseHB 611TB He nftBii(OHB-nTBi^eft, a npea^te Bcero ^eiroBiKOHB, 
rpasAaHHHOMB poAHOft orpaHH. 

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HUHB HeiepniHieHBl 

n. 0. rpNHOBNHB. 



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Kl B0IIP007 OBI ICTOmEOIOt HBOBXOAIXOCTH. 21 



KtBonpoey o&b HeTopiweeKoft Heodxo- 

flHMoera. 

£*& noofliAHee speiui b% pyooKoft sypi&iiOTHsi, bi OBasH (tb bo- 
npoooMi MaiepiBJDiomeoKOM'B flOHHMaiiiH HOTopiH, oCcya^aeroa bo- 
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xe ffByxi aBTopoBi h no loxy se sonpooy. TaKHiTB ofipason, Bonpooi* 
cB0(k)Ai BOXE seosHAaEHO BucryiraxB sa ci^eHy bi bha^ aduoro 
o6n(ecTBeHHaro Bonpoca. 

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jH3Ma> EiH MaTepiaiHOTHqecRaro noHimaHifl HoropiH^ nHinerB r. CipyBe, 
BHOBB nooraBHio Ha o^epoAB Bonpooi o oooTHomeHiH Moa^Ay oBo6oAoi 

E ECTOpH^eOKOft Eeo6xOAHMOCTBI» *). 

r. CipyBO HO Tonso cTaBETB BTOTB BonpocB, HO E miTaoTCfl pas- 
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oKon Eifl TeopeTSHecKOK) yBipeHEOCTBH) E yBipeEHOCTBH) nosxojiorfl- 
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poA'i Toro, ^To saKosi pasBEiifl ofinieoTBa roBopETi se to, hto bu&- 
AOTB 6e3h HamEXi AiUIOTBiil, a tm naniEXi A^0TBiIt» **). (Abtopb 
8Toro cnaoETenEaro TpK)E3Ea — r. ByirasoB'B). 

npexAO, HiiTB nsraTbOfl AOOTEFHyTB rtxi ^eiooo^csexi BepmsEi, 
iTB BHCOTU BOTopHXi T. GrpyBO pascMaTpEBaoTB E pasptmaerB Bume- 
ynoMflflyTHi rHoceoiorE^ecKifl Bonpooi, mi oHEraeicB Eejounaflirb 
•ooTaHOBETBOfl EioROJiBso HOApodHie Ea caHoi nocTaHOBKi ero, las-B 
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TEBopitift, oAHa nooranoBKa laBoro Bonpoca yse npeAciaBiflerca obo- 
ero poAa saraAKoft. 

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ocEOBaEiE efl npeAnojiaraerca saKOHOiiipHOOTB flBJioEift odn^eoTBOHHoft 

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*) Ceo6oda 90au u uemopwtecKaH ueoOxodMMoetM, cBonpocH 4>HiE000(I)iH b. 
4iflnoiociH>, aEB.-4^8p., crp. 120. 
**) lb., oTp. 138. 



22 PyCCBOE BOrATGTBO. 

Hameiiy loiKii), AUcTBHreiBHOMy xogj Ben^et, oh£ 0Bfl8iiBa»n Hame- 
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Effb 8T0rO BHXHO, ^0 O^BeSTOlTB HOTOpHHeCEOft H606XOAII]IOOTH flBJUieTCflv 

Ci Apjroft oTopoHu, Bonpooi oBo6oAHOt Bojcfc Bpantaerca hosoo- 

^HT6J[£H0 Vh oSnCTE BSyTpeHHflTO OOBSaHlfl OTXiJOJIO BSflTarO ^610- 

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flii OHO OTHOCETCA, o'B oAHofl CTopoEH MezaHHHeosH oSjoioBJieso BEinz- 
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TpaKTyen r. CTpyse, fiaBi OBEBasEOirb cb MaTepianoTEHecsEMi no- 
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He ToiBKO paBHOAiioTBynnqrx) oOn^eoTBeEEaro ABExeflifl, eo laRxe e 
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ToxBKO wb TEKOiTB cij^tA 8Ta ^opMyjia oTaBEM 6h es aAenroBi wh 
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Eeo6xOABHOOTBD BOBEEKIO 6h TO EpOTEBOptw, KOTOpHVB, nOBEAHKOUy» 



n MOFOCy 09B VCTOPHnCXOft EBOBXOAHMOCn. 23 

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poxoBom oioJoaoBeHiH xexAj Boeo0iei[iDiianr& SHaHieirb n obo6o- 
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noioaMBie, npe^fcnBueres onaoTH boboo OirairB nflTHOvb, a onacn 
ospameHHrnrL vh HeonpexixeiHocipHt i^sin,— Aase ^ui jooxot oi 
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KipocosepiiaBieKi, — to iraaa sbbbb ot^i^ho Bsararo HeiOBisa, 
JEOXHO cuBaxB, ooTaoTca nonpesHoicy B'b HenpouqaeKOirB HoropEie* 
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xn xoTopHXB xBJifleTOi xama jnraxaa sxbxb. Eon mi, bi xamell 
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noiBsyexex xanixMx sxaxixmi vh ofiiaorx, oxaseKb, reoiorix xn 60- 
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Hix» X8i o6xacTX cyGiexTXBxaro ooBxaxifl wh oftiacTB oCioxtxbxiixi 



24 P7GCK0X BOrATCTBO. 

lOTopH^eouxi AueHifi h oonociaBiaHie Hosrops^eoMi Heofixojinfoen 
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se Bpeiui j6iMjsfiEMSsA Vb TaroiiDmeft xai(i hhitb HcropHqeoxot le- 
ofixoxixocTH; UK xe — ito6u vok HcropHHeoKafl HeofixoAHMOOTb abu- 
laoB xui xaa^^ux) OTxiiunro ^eioBtoa m> bia^I (oiie hu nesie 
iion>o6uro npeAOKaBaiiifl ero co6oTB6HHoi xhshh h AteTenuiocTH. 

H Tan, Han xasoToa, hto bx oaMoft aooraiOBKft Bonpooa, ipas- 
lyraaro r. CTpjBe, xaHTca KopeHEoe HajtopasyiiiHie, BoiijKOTBie meiro 
HpoffiaraeMoe BXh pJoneHie aroro HeopaBUBHO noeraBieHiaro Bonpoca 
xepaeTL ssaoreiBHyn aojud oBoero sHrepeoa. 

MesAj TbTB, aaR'B r. CrpjBe, xara h r. ByxrasoBi, BacaDToa Kb 
oBOHTb OTaiLaxB APForo o^esh HHrepeoHaro , Bonpoca, mtomaro 
npaxoe oxHomeHie Vh xaTepiaiHOTHiecRoiiy ooHiMaHix) loropiB, a 
nMeHso — Bonpooa pora ^ejioB^Ka bi HCTopin, Ton SKavesiH, Ka- 
Koe HiiinTL Bi xeft ero eyfiieKTHBHiu crpeiueHia, jse nepemeAniui 
B!B^pMy A^OTBifi. HiMSKOJTBKo o6mHX7> notioxemi, BHOEasaHHEm no 
BTOMj noBOAY Hamiu aBTopaMH, Maxo pasiaoHeHH hmi. Bee kxb 
BHHiEaide ooopexoTo^exo Ha uoto cy&beicTHBHOft oroponi jsjbjOk^ Ha 
opHHHpeHiH saKOHOHipHOCTH o6n(ecTBeHHiiX'B HBienit orb OB060X010 
Bon Vb ooBHaniH orxiiBHaro ^ojioBtea, — 01 ceoffodoto veioBft^ecKHXib 
;i:UleTBil. MesAy Tiwb^ xase aih paspimeHui nHTep6cynm[aro wx% 
npoTHBopi^ Moawy obo6oaox) h Heo6xoAniooTbi) ^ipesBH^aftHO BaxHO 
oSpafHTb BHHxaHie na o6xeKTHBHyi) oTopoHy ^oaioBi^ecKHXb j(ftftOTBiS« 
Ha oooTHomeHie Kesxy cytiieaTHBHHMH cTpexJieHiflHH, kotophmh ohh 
ofiyoxoBsiOHH, H HXb posyjibTaTaHH, Ha (Sonmee hih MOHbinee ooor-^ 
BiTOTBie Moxxy nepBmiH h nociiAHHHH. HeooHRiHHO, ^ro coorni^ 
OTBie Heavy osHAAeMSQui h A^flcTBHTexbHUMH pesyibTaTaHH Kaswro 
coBHaTeibHaro ABHsenifl cooraBueTb o^enb BasHst aieneHTb Toro 
oioasHaro onqriiieHiH, KOiopoe hh HasHBaeni obo6oaox) boih. Eon 
Gsij sexaa BoraTb, mh A'&'ttjui abhsohih, npHBOAHBmiH naoi vb xe- 
Hca^oe HU saKoe yroAHO xpyroe nojioseme, ho toxbko h^ bi bopth- 
saiBHoe; eon 6ii, seiaa OTnpaBHTbOH B'b nexepfiypi, uxl nonajj^an 
Bi MooRBy, H T. A- — oxOBOH<b, eoiH 6bi Meiwy namnHH orpemeHUOoi 
H ofoesTHBHHMH hoojAactbuuih bthxx oxpeHJieHit He yoraHOBHJIOOb 
Bi HameHi oosnaHiH nponaro oooxHlTOTBifl, hh 6Hjai 6h inrnoHu 
BOflKaro upexoraBieHiH oBOtioA^ namnxi A^ftoxBift. Mh ^BOXBOBaiH 
du oefiH Bi pyisaxi HOBiAOHOfi ohih, iiepe5paouBai>iii(eH nao^b ns'b 
cTopoHH Bioxopony paAH EaxErb*xo neBiMoHHXi narb i^eS. Oto* 

BHAHO OrtAOBa/reJEBHO, VrO nepBHHl yOJlOBieHX, CHOCOfiOTBOBaBHIHHl 

paaBHxii) Vh naoi oosHanH namei oBoboAu, ($hxo oooxBteioxBie MasA7 
HaHma oyftbOKTHBHHHH cxpeHJieHiHHH H Hxi 06TCKTHBHHKH pesyn* 



Kh BOnPOCy QB% HeSOProCSDft nOBIOAHMbCTH. 25 

Him a nepejumseaim aamero ooti^rBonaro lin. 

SaTteb, o^epa, Kb scmpoi wioiKteb m«nn omymazb oboio 
<)Botioxy, B6e 6ojelA x 6oj^ paomflpuaob no xipi ei^ 3iaKoicoTBa 
^ saKOHOHipHocTbD oKpyswimn ero sBiesit. Ho seofinAUo u- 
xftixTL, iTO BTo paomEpesie ^aaacijio ad voaRo on nosMOfM nejio- 
BiicoMii oooTHomeJBfl a 8aKoa(»% aaieaUt Baftaiaefi upapoffK, ao tasse, 
a wse rjcaBBuai otfpasoKb, orb joa&inHiro a;i^BKftaeaia aai 8thx% 
noaaaait vb Ao«nxeaii) noioxafejEbaiirb ofoaaTHBastx^ peojxBTaroBi. 
Baicrt o'b paoaaipeaieKib cBoero oniim, leiOBiai aee 6aiie a 60- 
jtie ytStaxaioa b% icbseeoodpasBOcra OBoarb AUoraift, bi ycatmaooTB 
CBoeft 6opb6H 01 npapoAOA, a dia astaBaaa poib, ooBotioa^AaBmaa 
ero ^aKTHqeoKH, oipasaiaob oooiBiTciByi>maK!b ofipaaoirb aa ero co- 
3Baaia. Eon 6h, xase npa eaaoai noiaon aaaaia aoixi oooTao- 
meait ae»A7 a&ieaiaMa aaiinaeft apapoffi, nooHTEa ^aiOBJkKa boo- 
noibdQaaibOfl oTaaa aaaaiaaa au ooTB^eoTBieaia oBoarb mrancb, 
^jtSMxraBHHZ'b orpexieait oaasHBaiaob aeyxawHaa a npaBOAaia 
vh aeoasiAaaHHai A&a aero aoojiiAOTBiaa^b, to y aero ae aopjio 6u 
BosBaaayTb a ynpomrboa oosaaaie obo6oah oaoaxi fffcfloTBit. y aero 
ae aorao 6h BOsaaKByrb aaso npexoraBioaie OBoan xlftetBiax^, 
Tasi san oro apeAoraBJieaie aeovj^^ao orbonfAaeaiiirbpeByxbTaTOBOb. 
Cosaaaie obo6oah ffUcTfiift aeofixowao apexaomraen doxbmpo aaa 
aeabBiyi) ysJ^peaaooTb KbAooiaxeaia awbonaro peeyxbTaTa. £oia a 
pimaioeb, aoxowunb, saseqb oaany, to ora piniaaooTb aoria Bosaaa- 
syrb Bo aai tojoso noroay, ^to a yaipea^ B'b Boaaoaeaoota xo6HTb bthkii 
nyTeax oroBb. Bci aama seaaaia ooaoaaaa aa npowo yoiaaoBEB- 
amtca acoojociaitia aesAy aaamaa A'&loTBiaaa a osaAaeauaa orb aaxi 
pesynmraHa. Caanil reaeeaoi sexaaift oaasaa'b ch aaoro pasi no- 
BTopaBioaaaoa oniiraaa, npaBOAaBmaaa vb rbwh emb. APyraai ao- 
jreaaurb A^a aac% nocatAOTBiaai. H TaBi, eBo6oAa a6o6xoAH]EO apeA* 
noiaraarb seaaaia, a acexaaia aeo^xoAaao npeaaojiaraDT'b yAanaisa 
nonuTsa ixi oeyveeiBieaia; oti^AOBaTexbao, aHiuucoe ooeaaaie obo6oah 
ae 6firio 6u Bosaoacao, ecxa 6h an ae Aooxarara oaoaaa A'UtoTBiaaa 
aeeaaeMux'b pesyabTaTOBi. OcBofiosAeaie aamero cosaaaia aepaspuBao 
oBosaao ciaamaa^b ^aKxa^aeKaai ooBotfosA^aiea^b a8i*noA>aeorpaHi*- 
^eaaot BJiaoTa ospysava^eft aaoi npapoAH. 

Eeaa xh nepeflAoai bi oj^py oCn^eeiBeaaoi xasaai to yBaaaai, 
irro a SA^bob Taase cyfiieRraBaoe OBKya^eaie obo6oah ff&ftoTBit aaxo- 
jqnea B'b oooiBftTOTBia 0^ oObeKtaBaOD AifioTBarexbaooTbi). Tojibao 
npa yoiOBia BoeaoasHaro ifixeooodpaaaaro BatmaTexbOTBa wh npoiiecci 
otimeoTBeaaoft xasaa, bi oosaaaiH ^eAOBiaa aosevb BosaaRayrb apoA- 
oiaBieaie c^oefi oxaooareibaoft OBo6oAi ai OTOft ofixaora, — ra udeM 
^S6o6odu, KOTopyx) ^yjKbe pasoaaTpaBaerb, aan ABaasymyK) oaiy. Ho 
raaii xasi ofi^ecTBoaaHa aBieaia, ooo6eaao vh nosAai^tniia aoropa- 
^eoKia anoxa, npa Boaaaaaoaeaia 6oabmaxi rocyAapoTB'b, OA^aiaob 
OHeab oioacaaaa a aanyTaaaNaa, to aAea obo6oah ab 8T0ft o6iaoTa 



26 P7GCK0B BOFATCTBO. 

He TaKi HenoepeAomeHHa, joseb vb o^epi BOBxiftoTsiJi ^eiOBisa sa 
BHinoooi) npnpoAT, h naroiiy boboo He aia Bofacb jooxet hxi t)6me- 
OTBeHHaa auafiB eonpoBoav^aerofl ooraaHieirB obo6oxh obohtb jijUt- 
CTBift. npHHOHHHTe, HaiipHicipi, IIiaTOHa KapaiaeBa h rt oioBa^ 
KOTopHMH A. ToJioTofi saEanHBaeTB ero Hsodpaseme: 

«KaJHoe oiobo ero h Kaa^oe j^flOTBie 6kio npoaBienieirB ne- 
HSBtcTHOft eiiy xiflTejsHOOTH, KOTopaa 6izjia ero xhbhb. Ho xhshb^ 
ero, ȣ*& ovh caKb OHorpin Ha Hoe, ho HMiia omicjia, Kara or- 
AiiBHaa SH8HB. Ona miijta omion toj&ko, xaKb ^acTHi](a qiuiaro, 
KOTopoe owb nooTOHHHo ^jBOTBOBan. Ero ciosa n AitoTBia BHiHBa- 
JI0OB vffb Hero TaEse paBHonipHO, Heo6xoAHHO h Henocpej^oiBeHHo, 
saxi sanaxb oTAiueTOH on i^BtiBa. Owb ne mofb noHiTb hh i^hh^ 
HH sHa^enifl ota^ibho BSflraro A^ftcTBifl eih ciOBa». 

Ajui Toro, Tro6ii cAbtajioH BosMoxHUVb nepexo^i on lasoro onqr- 
n^enia OBoero noiosenifl h OBoefi pon vh oKpysann^eft shshh bs 
onqr^eKuo 0B060AH OBOHTB xiftoTBift, Tpedyeica oooTBiTCTBjD^it 
onBTTb, cooTBiicTBTDiitee npeAcraBxenie ff&ioTBBTejaHooTH, noTOpn- 
Hfroe H2H H81 HenoopeAOTBeHHaro HafixDAenifl Ha;^^ nen, hxh njieirB 
snaKOMOTBa 01 Hcropiei) oSiaeoTBeHHot shshh. 9to on^jH^eHie He 
flBueroa niirb-To npHoynpnrB qeJiOBisy, KaEi ero ATvaerL, hobbhh- 
MOMj, r. GTpyBe, orpeifSQifloH npoHHsnyrB vb TatHSi rHOceoxonrae- 

CBHX'B npOTHBOpilifl; OHO paBBHBaeTOH B'B XDfflflZl Vb OOOTBiTCIBiH 
01 BTb AUciBBTenHOD pOXLD Vh HOTOpiH. IIoaTOlCy XH H rOBOpHM'B 

o^oHB qaero joojuiarbj SKB7n^HX'& 6e3co3HaTeJK&non xhshbd vh c^e- 
pi ofi^ecTBeHHsa'B OTHomenifi, h npofijsj^eHiH htb ooanaKifl bs 
8T0t ofijiaoTH. HeiOBtKi, anBjnUfl 6e8oo8HaTenHo, ho hosotb o^y- 
iqaTB CB060XH OBOHxi a^otbU; sto on^jHieHie pasBBBaeroH noMipi 
paonrnpeHiH oCjiaon ero ooaHaiejoHOft shbhh. B'B oosnaHiH Kaxj^aro 
odn^ecTBeHHaro x&iTeifl, HSBicTHaro poxa a^otbih vb o6nteorBeH- 
Hot c$epi aoooipHpoBaHH crs HSBioTHaro po^a ofoeBTHBHHMH pesynta- 
Tan; vb HiKOTopnrB oiy^aarb sia aooo^ia^ifl 6ojcie uoi Menie pn- 
oKOBaHa H HBuerofl vb BEjsjh npeAnoioseHifi; vb j^jnrb osyqaorB 
yoraHOBjieHa npo^HO, noroMy hto no^rrBepssaerca ohsitohi Boeft 
HOTopiH. Ha 8Toft peajcbHoIr noAuajpA h oosAaexoH name oy6ieKiHB- 
Hoe oniyH](eHie cBoefi obo6o/(h vb o^pi o6n^ecTBeHHoft xhshh. 

TauMi o6pa80M%, pasBHiie bi vexoBisi GOSHanifl OBoeft othoce- 
TejQHofl 0Bo6oAii OBflSHBaercH c% oCmbthbhhme peeyjK&TaTaKH en> 
;[^TejiBHocTH, ozBaTHBano^eft boo doAmyi) h 6oxLmyi> ofiiaotB OKpy* 
acaniaeft ero ^iciftoTBHmiBHOOTH. Ob axoft BBOjmi^OHHOfl tohkh apteiflv 
saRi Mu AyMaeuB, h oriAOBaio 6h paaoMaTpHBaTB noAHanzfi r. CipyBO 
BonpocL cBofioffi Bojra, a ne ci lofi hhcto Hera^naHqecRoft to^ikh 
spiHk, CB sasot ohi paacMaTpHBaeTOH saBi hh%, laR'B h niBOTO-^ 
piiMH jipyrHXH oTopoHHHxaHH 8KOKOHOMH^eosaro HaTepiaiH8Ma, laK'B 
KHoro roBopanuun ceocMz xiftJioKTHiecKOHi veroAi. 

EoiH6ii <t. CTpyne ne yBxescfl xera^HaHTOOKOt HooranoBKot bo- 
npoca H zeiameiTB npoHHSHyrb b% rHooeoioni^eoBia Tatnn, to ovby 



jffh Bonpocy 061 icroPHUCKOt ^boexowmocth. 2T 

BipoflTHO, 8aiiiTurB-6H, xaiot Jiomeoiit osawB ovb Aijiaen,.sorAa 
nepexoABTB HenocpeAOTBeHHO otl obo6oah bojih k& Hcropi^eoKot ho- 
o6zo;(nH06TH, on ojtSMiTHBsaro coBEatia vh odn^eoTBesHoxy XBHxe* 
HiH), T, e. n peBynTaiairB souexnBHOt ffinToiBHocTH Boin ue- 
HOBi o($B](eoTBa; om, B'i^poaTHo, aaiiftTHn-dH, ^o Beo6xoffi]EH]rb obh- 
synn^DTb SBiHom xea^ obo6oaox> boxh h BoropE^eGsox) Heo6xo- 
AHKOCTBD flBueTOH oSteKmuoHoe fipoMAeme cbo6oah Bon, t. e. xsnr 
Baa A^bireJOBOOTL ^eiOBisa, b tio noxBBTEdt bmi* Bonpoo^ pa86K- 
BseTCfl sa ABa oiiA7x>n(Hxi: 1) o oooTBomeaiB iieawy cboSoaox) bois 

H IHHBOK) AtoreXLHOOTBK), paSCliaTpHBaeMOX) CO CTOpOBil M oS'SeETHB- 

BHXi pesjJCbTaTOB'B; 2) oooTBomefliB xesAT JoraEOX) fflflTeuH00TB» 
H HOTopH^ecKOD Heo6xoxEMocTBX); HHaHO roBopii — pOJEB qejioB^Ra 
vh EOTopii. Tax's xaxi nocmjiWKu OTff&DbEo BSflraro vejroB&xa, era 
jiflHEoe ynaorie wh EoropEiecxoirb npoitecoi, EaxoAETOE o^ oaeoA oto- 
poEH vh E8BioTEOM% cooTEomesiE fTh oro cyflkBexTEBEHm coBEaEiem, 
a ci ^yrot OTopoEii npeAOTaBJUix>n oo6ox) oj^eei e8% 8ji6icesT0B'& 
o6n(eeTBeEEofl sesee, to oee e ooorraBiaDn EeobxoAEMyx) JxcrE^ecxyio 
cTynoEB A>fl nepexoAa orb cyfoexxEBsaro Hipa wh Hipi odxesTEBEoft 
ECTOpEHecxofi AlfioTBETensocTE. Mh BEANIE, ^to T. CipyBe MEEyers 
dry eryneEB e npflMO craBEn Bonpooi o oooTflamesiE MosAy 0B060- 
Xox) Bom fl saxoEOMi, ^pMyjrapyx)ntEirb A^flCTBiE i^-bjiaro o6fl](ecTBa«, 
Bi 8TOK1 E saxAD^aeTOfl cAhJiassiit En xorE^ecxift cxa^oxi. 

r. CTpyxe paaoEaTpEBaoTB oBotioAy boh vh ea MeTa^ESE^ecKot 
oyflqiocTE, Bi be;^ EeEooTEXEEOt rEoceojiOFE^eoxoft Tafisu; owh eo 
EEaiESEpyeTb aroro cj^osEaro omyn^esifl e eo cBESHBaeirB ero 01 
o(h>exTEBEHH9 npoEBJieEiEME. IIoaTOEy EH EO EaxoAEEi y sero pOBEO 
EE^erOy HTo xacaiooB 6u nepBaro ebi AByxi BOEpocoBi, Ea xoTopae 
padtfEBaerofl EocraEOBjeEEHfi. evb BOEpoo%, t. e. cooTEomeEiE xesAy 

CB0(k)A0X> BOXE E 06ieXTEBEHKE peSyi&TaTaKE TOXOBineOKEXIi A&ftCTBift*^ 

nocMOTpEE^ xe TenepB, xasi paspimaeTca emi e r. Byxraxo- 

BHEl BTOpOfi BOnpOGl, EenOCpeAOTBOEEO OBESaESHft (Tb EepBHlTB, BO- 

npoo^ pon neiOBtxa B'l EcropiE. flooMorpEEi, b% xaxoEx gooteo- 
mexiE EaxoAETOE, no BsmAaEi Eanmxib aBTopoBi, eo CBO(!oAa boxe^ 
a eE, Taxi cxasaTB, peaiBEHft oy6cTpaTb, t. e* AkftcTBifl ^eiOBtea, e 
EO 01 ECTopETOOxot Eeo6xoAEKOcTbX) — ^EOEETieEi oxEEiKoirB Eoonpe- 
AbxeEEHE^ — a 01 tox> $opEox>, xaxyx) npsAaoTi EoropEHeoxoS eo- 
06XOAEEOCTE KaTepiaxECTE^eoxoe noEBMaEie Eoropifl. Kasi mk y«e 
ynoxEEaiE Bsme, mh Eaxoipnrb be STorB o^en vh oraTBExi rr. Byi- 
raxoBa e CTpyBo toibxo Eioxonxo o6e(exi noxoseEiS, <tpx>e8mobi>, 
Ea xoTopiixx, EO XEiaiD r. ByjiraxoBa, eotte eo oioetb oorasaBiE* 
BaiBoa. 

cHo ECTopiE, EEEieTL T. CrpyBe, bi to se BpoME dfbAaemc» 
ModhMu^ orpeKfln^EEefl Vh ocyEteoTBJieEiD eeouoc^ ufbAeH^ AUcTByxH 
fl](BME BO EEfl ceouxb u^eaAoe^ *)>. (RypcEBi asropa). 

*) „BonpocH ^Hjioco<|>iH e ncEzoiorin*', AHB.-Hi^6., CTp. 121. 



28 PyCCKOS BOFiLTCTBO. 

<GnpaB6siD0 Topxoe esoen Mejuosaim oO'BjeKtniocTBK^, oe 
(MaTeikiMHeTB^eeioe noHSiiaHia HOTopiE),.nHiii6n r« BjxraKon, bh« 
cTaBiiJKi ^opjqrJiy sasoioiiipBaro pasBiTiM oOi^eoTBa, no Koropot aro 
pasBiTie ooBepisaeioff, eciH He Bonpeu, to noifuio cyfixesnBHiixi 
HAoaiOBfii; orpemeritfE h npoiyinui noA^ft, no aTOny y^enuo, npn nsei- 
cTHHxi yosoBim, xanrB ni^To sn npioco nporvBonoiosKoe, nin bo 
BOflEOMi cjiyui BHoe, ^in^ oaHAan idae *)»• 

TaKi oTBiqann na nooTaBienHBl naiiH Boapoc:b TeoperHSH aso* 
Honn^ooKaro MaTepAraaiia. Horopin x^aeron jdoauih, oTpenfln^Hiaiefl 
Kh ocynteoTBxeHii) cbohtb qlxefi; ho paBSHTie o6n(60TBeHHOft xhshh 
ooBopmaeiofl, ecxn ho BonpoKH, to hohhmo cyfiiieBTHBnurb OTpeiue- 
Hifi iDAoi. Ba» dTOft KiieHHo HesaBHomfOOTH ofSn^eoTBennaro paaBHrifl 

OTB OyOieBTHBHHZ'b HAeaiOBl H SaBJIBiaOTCfl TOTB 06ieKtEBH8]ni, KO- 

TopHifb f onpaBOAUBO ropAHTOfl> MaTepianoTH^ecBoe noHHicaHie nero- 
pii, Ofiineof Bemoe pasBHiie jua, auk^Q roBopn, npovfiwb noropK- 

qeOKOt XE8SH KOHRpOTHO BUpasaeTOfl B% HeXOBiveOEHX'B AlftCTBiflXl, 

EOTopiiMi> cooTBteoTByDTb Tb HJLH Apyrifl cy6'BeBTHBHiiE CTpenieHiii; 
sasoKb o6nteoiBeHHaro pasBHTifl BunojiEfleTOfl jmABun, oTpeicflauQiHOfl 
Ki oeyiaeoTBjseHix) CBonn oyfi'LeKTEBEHxi uc&ieft. Ho, oorjiacno he- 
TepiajmoTE^eoEOMy noEHMaEiio noTopin, aTon saEOHi yoTaHEBUBaerB 
HeooOTBixoTBie iieaKxy orpeiueEiaiiE jaojsfi%. e ECTopn^eoEox) Ai^ioxBH- 

TeiBHOOTBD, E 8T0 HeOOOTBtTOTBie nOA^epEHBaOTOfl r. ByJiraEOBEIE'b, 

sasi xapaETepEEE, ochobees oeoSoHEOCTB Boei EOHi^em^iH. TaKHirB 
o6pa80Mi> JooxE EBJurorofl EonojonrrexaME ECTopnqeoKEX'B npeAEawp- 
Tasifi, He HMtonqirb.HE^ro o6n^aro ci exi oy6!LesTEBHHi[E i^- 

IflEE. B'L TEKOMl BEA^ pECyeTOH EXl OfoeKTEBEaa EOTOpE^eOBafl 
pOJDb. 

Ho, cnpamEBaerefl, AOOTHrax>TB ohe ue ne AOOTErauTi oboexi n[i- 
jieft? EoJiE Be AooTErauTB, to, vb TaBOHi ciyiai, A^ax)TCEHeo6i4iOHE- 
hioch caMUfl 6y6'LesTHBHHfl cTpeiueEifl; nps orcyTOTBis onuTa, yoTa- 
EaBUBanniaro obesb MesAy oTpeuuieHiflifE h exi oKieETHBESHE no- 

OJI^AOTBifiME, OTEEOBETOfl HeHOHETHZIM^ OEHHfi MexaEESlTB ^OJEOBtie- 

cKflXb A^ftoTBii; HenoHETEO, OTsyAa fiepoTCE y xsAei BEyTpeEEEH 
aEopriE A^a BizneiEemfl lysAoft hh^^ EOTopE^eoKott meocIe, eo co- 
oTBiTOTBynn^eft exi oytiMSTEBHHirb vjl^xawb. HaKOEOiti, TEEoenpeA- 
noxoseEie seBOSMOSEo, noTony ^o bi %EOjii btexi cy6'B6KTEBflHX'b 
qixeflHa nepB0E!ii Micri ctoetl cBEsaHEEEs (r& oaiuiM^ oyni(eoTBo* 
BEEieMi JooAai e ci orpasAOBieicB ex'b joraot e EoxxeBTEBsofl ses- 
HE on TUCEU EEEHHxrb H o6nteoTBeHHHx% onaoHooTeft: ecjuifiH jodae 
He AooTHraxH axEXi q&ieft, oee nepeoTaiE-6izsETB, h oiiAOBaTOjcbso 
Ee MorEE 6n BanoiEflXB cbod EOTopH^eoKyx) mecoIx). 

Ho eCEE EDAEy EBEflflCB Bl OBOEXl nOOTynKEXX H CTpeMEOEiEX']^ 

BimoxEETexflMH HSBicraaro aasoEa Ddn^cTBessaro paaBEriE, vb to 



*) SoKOHh fipuHUHHocmu u c3o6oda seAoethKetKuxh dnuemei^^ UoBoe Gjeobo, 
Maft, cip. 185. 



£1 BOHEOCy 061 HCTOPSHBCROfi HSOBXOAHUOCTH. 29 

xe Bpeu xoeTKmyrb «eohx% oyfeeBnsHiix^ ^ixeS, to oqera^^Ho, 
vro tTHKi xoonmiyfiiiicH pesysbraTaicB snomieToii xcTopneo^as 
AlftOTBirenRoen. Ho Torxa tfBJuefoii BeodiaottxiiM'B) sauirb o6pa- 
soiTB icTopnecxaa AttonarenasooTb oRasiiBaefToii se ntofliet m^ero 
o6ntaro 0% oytiiexTKBHinoi crpeHieviflicH xxm(^. HenonrHo, KaKBifb 
odpasoiTb AifiovBia jao;(6ft ousHBaDtoa oxHOBpeiiaHBo ooyn^eofBidBieirB 
Hrb oyfhbeKTEBHHX'B i^iiefi h ooyn^eoTBieflieiCb flotopneoBaro jsaKOHa, 
H6 HMin^aro HE^ero o6ii<aro oi hxi oy6ieKrn¥HifK q^MH. 8ro 
npoTraopitiOf Kan bhahti HBTafejr&, ho rHoeeiOFneOBaro xapasTepa; 
j{lio BAen Be cyth^eKTHBBom cosBaBiB ^rayioBiKa, a a idpi^ 061- 
OBTBBBJEirb BBJLeBift. 9to npOTBBapitle many BmypB^ecKon ;^icTBB- 
T6jn>flO0TBX), KBEOB) OBa' B6B36iaao BBiaeroB BO 4K)pifyjrb r. CrpyBe: 
cBDTopifl jijkn&toa, jii>a&mb...» h t. x-— b KascMD OBa oEaauBaeroa no 
BHme npEBOxeEHofi $opMyxi r. ByiraROBa. 

r. ByjiraKOBi mosotb, eohouo, osasaTB, ^ro obi Be OTBiTOTseffb 
8a ^opMyjiy r. Crpyse. Ho a^o bi tomi, ito ly se ^opiryiy bo- 
BtopBerb B caxi r. ByarasoBi bi oBoem onaoBTeiBBOBi rpioBSiiif 

daSOB'B paaBBTlfl 06B](e0TBa rOBOpBTL TOITB, ^tro BHfiAerE f43h BamBX'B 
AiBOTBifi. OBaSHBaeTOff, ^0 BSI BaBIBXl» ffliCtBitt bbxoabtb Bt^O 

BXE npflMo npoTBBonoJiOKfloe, bjib, bo bobeovl oxy^ai BBoe» ^tei> mh 
osBAajEB. CjrlAOBatexBBo, nojiy^aeroB bmobbo to npoTBBop^htie, Ba 
EOTopoe Hu TOjiBEO ^0 yBasaiB. 

Ho r. ByjntAOB'B bboobtb ohobb BasBoe orpaBB^eaie so BTOpyn 
nojioBBBy cBoeft $pa8u: corpeifJieBifl b nooTynEB XDxeft, no exoKy 
y^OBix), roBopBTb obi, npu uaefMrnnHon yMoeisiffbi xeayrb wimo Bjni 
npBHo npoTBBonojiosBoe bjib, bo BoaEOMii cxyqai, bboo, ^wb ose- 
AajiB iD^B*. 9to orpaBB^OBie, b% oyi^BOoiH, yBB^TOsaerb Boe ssaie- 
Bie ero nepBaro EaTeropB^ecKaro ynepaiAeBifl: caaEosoHipBoe pasBB- 
Tie ofiH^eoTBa ooBepmaeToa, eon Be BOnpeBB, to bokbko oyteeETBB- 
Buxi BAeaiOB'B). J^iflciBBTejaBO, eciB toxbeo apB usef^emntAXh ycAo- 
einxt Bi pesyxBTaTi OTpeiueBifl b nooryBEOB'E jooffit nojryweTOfl 
Bi^no npoTBBOBoxosfloe bxi sejiaBiffM*b, to oxiffOBaTeiBBo 6HBaiorB 
ojiyiaB coBHaAesifl BCTopB^eesBxi pesyaBTaTOBB ei cyfiieKTBBBUMB 
crpeiueBiBMB joojxfii. A TaBrt Easi b aTB cxy^aB Befl86teB0 bxo^bti 
cocTaBBOX) ^acTBD B'B coAepscaBie BoropsqeeEaro npoi^eoca, to, tsfbufi- 
BBTexiiBo, BTOTB Bpoi^ecoi oofiepfliaeTOfl He BonpeBB b ne hobbho 
OyfiieETBBBHX'B BAoaxoBi. 

O^eBBABO, ^TO eciB TOXBEO AOnyCTBTB, FB EBKOirB 6h TO BB 6iU0 

pa8Hipl, BXiflBie oyC'BeETBBHUx'B cTpeBurexifl jix>Aei bb xoa% o6a(e- 
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Eas'B BeBOSKoacBO 6yAerB ota^itb bi BCTopBiecEorB npoi^ec(y| Ty 
TOOTB ero, EOTopafl ooBepniaeTOB hombko bbb BonpesB cyteeETBB- 
BHxi^ eTpeMxoBlft XDAet, otb Totero ^botb^bi xoTopoft ocyqecrBJEB- 

DTOfl 8TB OTpeMXOBlB. HaSOSei^, eOXE 8Ta BOdiA^AA UGTB dflm- 

EOMi HB^Topcfla B BeeaMiTBa, to mh BOBBpan^aeMoa Kb nepBOMy npo- 



30 F7C0KOI BOFATCTBO. 

THBopiiii); orpamiHeHie, oAiiaHHoe r. BymEOBinrb, xepien Torxi^ 
oBoe 8Kai6Kie» h nepnas noiOBisa ero ^opMym BCTynaen wb noi- 
Hyv) oMMj. Ho MH yse BH^^iiH, Mfi KaBoft oTeneiE am nepBaa noio- 
fiiEa Heooruoma ci rtm nojiosemeicb, hto Hcropur xixaarea inxBia, 
oTpeium^HiiHCfl SI ooymeoiBJieHiK) oBOHTb i^et. Hian, hju Hcropifl 
j(ijnexcfl He jODXBin, uh osa coBepmaeios He BonpexH h ne noMKMo 
iixi oycybennHiixi orpeicieHii. 

r. BysrasoBi He orpEitaen BJdiHiH oyKieKTHBHHTb orpeiueHift, 
Tan KaicB saiiBiflen, hto npn HSBftoTHiirb yoxoBuai^ ohh nepexo- 
xan Bi HGTopH^eosyi) xiBoTBHtaiuocTb, h BHioTi ci Tim oh% 
OTpHi^aerb sto BJdflHie, yiBepawaff, ^ro oOniecTBeHHoe pasBHrie oo- 
BepmaexoH eeu ne Bonpeu, to homuio cydieKTHBHHxrb orpeiueHifi. 
. r. ByAraEOBi, BipoflTHo, noiaraenb, ^ro bto npoinBopi^e paspi* 
maeroiE oveHB lerxo h npooio eiiie oxHurB caaoHreiBHiDfi tpdhs- 
Mom, KOToput MH HaxoAHVb vh oro CTaxbi, a EMeHHO ojAAyD- 

«Ho MaTepiaiHOTHiecBoe noHuaHie HoropiH cynrB yonixi XMOib 
Tim oosHaiejaHmn ^icTBunrB ieioBiBa» KOTopau oorjiaoyDToa ci 
saKOHOirb pasBHiJH ;^aHHaro o6ii^eTBa» *). 

Ho vb nMRowb oxpsBA piu HxeTB oaHom aaKosi o(SiiteoTBeH- 
fiaro paBBHTifl; npoTBSopitie, na KOTopoe mh yBasiiBaeirb, sauD- 
^uierofl Bi TOfl ^pMyxi, bi BOiopoft r. ByjraioBi Bupasaen oBoe 
MaTepianonraeeBoe noEHMaEie Hcropifl; 8to h eorb toti camift sa- 
KOWb o6ii(eoTBeHHaro pasBHriiBE, eb soTopmrb aojixhei coofipaaoBaTbOH 
oodHareiBHHfl A^ioxBiH JOOAofi. J^r saHnsKmiiaTt) naoi Bonpooa He 
BaxHO, orb ^ero EHeHHo saBsoHTbi no MHiHii) r. ByxraKOBa^ cBce 
o6]iiecTBeHHoe 6ime»; offb Ayvaen, tto oho saBHOHn «0Tb ooi^iaib- 
Haro xo8flftcTBa»;noxosE]n»; ho era saBHOHHOCTb oOn^eoTBeEHaro 6h- 
tiH OTb ooipaibHaro xoaaftcTBa HBrnerefl;, no oTHomeHin bi xaHHOMy 
Bonpooy, TOJDUKO n^yron ^opHyupoBKOX) Toro se oanaro sasoHa, ko- 
TopHKi ycTaHaBXHBaeroa HeBaBECHMOCTb oSn^ecTBeHHaro pasBHTiiE orb 
oyGMETEBHKOirb cTpemeHift. Eom-se saKOHi o6nieoTBeHHaro pasBEiui, 
o6HIMaI)I^ii 0060X) Bci oosHaiexbHHfl jslUkmBia, ^exoBiica, ycraHaBiK- 
Baerb, ^no pesyxbTam sthzi fflSoTBift ne saBHOHrb orb cyfibeKuiB- 
EHxi oTpeueHifi, to bto HyeHHo h BHaun, ^0 oy6ieKTHBHm[ crpeme- 
Hia TOXbBO Fb Tasoirb cxyiai xocTKranrb yonixa, eeiH ohh corxa- 
oynxcH 01 t^mh fpjvBMM ^aKTOpaiiH, orb BOTopuxi saBHOHTb o6iiie- 
OTBOHHoe titirie, vh AavHOirb ojBEynai — 01 ooniaxbHiarb xoaaicTBOHb. 
£ojra6H oy6ieETHBHiifl OTpemeHiH Morjn AooniraTb ycnixa BonpesH 
coiQaibHOMy xosatoTBy, to bto SHa^oio-tiH, vto ohh HMiiH-6H caMo- 
oTOflTejbHoe BJdflHie na o6ii](eoTBeHHoe finTie h, oiiAOBaTexbHO, hbih- 
i£0b-6fii srb CBOX) o^epe^b ^sropaMH ofimecrBOHHaro pasBHrifl, ^to 
HpoiHBopiujio 6h ^opHyjuipoBaHHOMy r. Byjiu^aKOBiorb sasoHy. Ove- 
BHAHO oiiAOBaTeibHOi ^TO npHB8AeHHoe HaMH paBbflOHeme r. Byjn^a- 



•) cBonpocH $EIOC. H ncHx.» Hoa6pB— ACKaCpB, CTp. 611. 



r 



Kh BOnPOGF on HCTOPH^BCKOtt HEOBZOXHMOCTH. 31 

SOBS 0TH0CST8ISI0 Toro, npt KftBSTb mesKo jQxoBiflxi cipemeKui h 
sooryiiKH voffit h6 j^awrrh ^ero-TO npoTSBoiosMro mmm khofo, ^^tb 
inaosfOM JooxB, spexoraBiflen oo6od npoorjD oepe^pasHpoBsy bh- 
csaaaKHoft Hm ochobhoS ^piqriH icanepiaraorneoKaro noHEmHia 
EOTopii. 8to xiftezBHTeiBHo TpDHBMi^ flu JooAofi, opiBHaBiiiirB ety 
^picyiy; 10 offb He pMp&niaen aauD^uomaroos vh net nporsBo- 

npoTHBopi^ daxxD^aerofl b% toicb, ito, n oxsofl oropoHu, oy6B- 
eKTHBiHii orpeiueHifl, pyKOBOfaiqiii AUoTBifliai jooxet, ooHOBaHH Ha 

4UEIHBH0fi pOlH WIOBiU Brb HOTOpil, Ha AQ<'™nyTHX'B HM% fcajsh- 

^twaoi'b^ Ha ero saBoeBaBiHxi vb o&iaoiH BiiAHiHel HpnpoxH h na ero 
BKtmaTeiBoxBi vh ofin^ecTBeHHyn shbhb; an crpemeHiH lonso no- 

^MJ H B08HHXai>n» HTO OHH OBaattHH CI B08M0SH0CTU) HTB OOyme- 

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^eproD ^pMyni, Biipasann^fi 0060D sasoffb o6n^eoTB6HHaro pasBH- 
irifl, HBueTOH nojonril pauaffB ura^ oytfiesTHBHSDiH orpeHxeHBiMH 
H ofiiesTHBHHMH peayxBTaTaKH ^MOBiiecKoi A^flTOJiBHOOTH. Ham Ka- 
^sexefl, HTO 8T0 npoTHBopii^e Moxen 6htb paapbrneno tojiuo bhao- 
HairbieHieHi oanoft ^opuynii, xoHyH^eHieHi vb nee oyft&eBiHBHaro 
BieMenra h oooTB&TOTBynniHHi naiduieHieirb hohhtui o&b oOo^eoTBeH- 

HOKE paSBHTUI. 9t0 HOHflTie HO HOXOTL 6HXb OtiMSTHBHUKb, TBiKh 

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ccBymqHX'b o6niecTBeHHina nsMiHeHiflm, hbudtoh oyfiMHTHBHHH 
cipeHxeHiH. 

OcraBHHB nosa kb cropooift o6n(ecTBeHEyi) shbhb h npescraBHWb 
4»(tt, ^no HH xoriiK 6h Hairn fopHyiy, Biipasai>ni[yn aaKOKb Hsxi- 
HOHit, HpoHozoAflmKZ'B Ha aeiiHot noBepzHoon aa nepioAB Horopn- 
TOOKoft aoTOHH ^ejioBiEa. 9th HBHtaeBiH, sacB HaBtonio, xoboxbho 
^Ha^OETdiBHH. HeiOBfacB paeaonutB nouy, H0Tpe6HjrB ihiuhtb ani- 
4>«fe, syjmxKHHpoBarB xhxih paoieHui, naBiesB na noBepxHOCTB u^Mue 
mraeni xaiceHHaro jvxa. h t. a. Gjlobomb, okb xo naBioiHoS oreneHH 
nepeooaxaiB BHAnmoD npnpoxy, oootipaano obohmi noTpefiHooiflHi; 
OHB aaeraBHVB ee oxyxHiB obohmi HHiepeoaHi h ifarB oaKEorb jdi- 
HiHn 66 6H fieaorpaoTKaro ofiiesTHBHaro xapasiepa. Ko bo^hb paa- 
j^ysiHTejiBHiacB h ooamaDHtHMB onnurB, xitoTByDn^nrB na aeHHoS 
JioB6p2uioeiH, HpHeoexHKHiaoB 8H6priH ^ejiOBiBa, HanpaBiOHHafl na 
AOoiHzeHie naBierHiaB i^iiel, na ooyD^eeiueHie cytiMKiHBHUX'b 
«Tp6]ueHil, ooBopmeHHO oieyroTBOBaBnaxB rb npHpox^ xo noHBaenifl 
veiOBftKa. Biaroxapa aiOMy, iotb aaKOSB, Koropoiqr nox^HHuaoB panic 
4!oro xnaHB aeiiHoi lopH, jnoMM/emb 6iurB HanftHHTBOfl h hphhhtb 
cyfooKiHBHyi) oKpaosy. Ohb yse ne motb 6h 6uTb BHpaseHB bb 

6XHHXB 06BeBTHBHHZB lepHHHaTB, HOXOHy HTO BB CaHOft X'i^OTBITeiB- 
HOCTHi BOTOpyi) OHB J^OMXQWh 06hHTB OBOeD ^OpuyiOI), nOHBHIOfl 
OytiBeiEIHBHHtt aieneHTB BB BHX^ OOyn^eOTBZBHIHXOfl OyCSBOKTHBHUXB 

OTpoHxenift nexoBlEa. Cy6BeBTHBHEUi orpexieHiH nexoBiKa cBHaaHH 

-CB xUCTBHTeXBHOOTBD HO TOXBKO T^KB, "VTO BHSHBailTOH 6D, HO TaKSO 



32 P70GKOS SOFATCTBO. 

s rtmk, no en mteiim ee, h 9& 0ion cioiort nunrroa ivop- 
^eoKov nioi). Iloxib m BiUmerb wioBin cosHaen bobhs iom- 
6mai(ta[ Memnoirb BBimeft inpvpoxa, ejmfivafpt^miM npeffMipH- 
TeiMo TOJOBO vb ero roxoBk, h sartm nepMiuem an soMfeHaqiH 
VB Mipi ofiMEfBBBim flBxesii) rflfc oat ae norm 6h Bowaaayri^ 
xpyraxi nTTOHib. Taaan o6pa8ovB bo aeaaoft c^pi, rxi A'UoTBjen*^ 
^MOBftKi, aaiaiyToa lasia BHiniHia aBMiaeHifl, xoropHA ooomfe- 
erajDn ojrtiwsTiBaiiirB ifluuDCb a cyfeeKraBnnnb eipeiueaiairB. 
Baiaiaaa ope^t Maxo^ao-iiaiy nepeoOBxaena oootfpaaao noTpe6ao- 
cram ^eiOBtaa. TteOB% jijUkmneMbMsA xoffL Mmfit, a owb m no- 
sen ae orpasBTboa na (ffoprnjiAf npeieaxyD^et aa HOToxKoaaaie 
AiSoTBaieJtBHooTa. 

Mh 8aaeM%i ino OTBfaan luon Ha aro eiqwavBBa vaiepian- 
erawoaaro noHBuaaia aoropia: cBh roBopare o oyfoeanBaiix'B eipea- 
jreaiaxi, ao aanrB aaaian ae a^en Ktafbe aroro; uu me enpaina- 
BaevB, oTsyAa aaianiea cyfoeBraBaiia orpeiueaiji a yTBepxx»eirb» 
vro oaa BHSBBanroa aaiepiaiBauMH yeioBiaaa oapyaouDnieft sasaa. 
BonoMBBTC, ivo roBoparb r. BejOiTOai: ecaa 0h HejuoBtei ae xajr& 
wb Taaott cpexb^ aoTopaa oaocoOoTBOBaia paasHTiD ero nepe;^aBi'K 
aoaauooreS, y aero ae teao 6h pyai, aiarb yAaaaTeiBaim opyxiftt 
CTOJtB nociynnoixi ero sort; a eon 6h y xdaoA ae 6iixo pyai, ae 
6ujio 6ii a yeoftxoBi cpasyaa^, a t. a. CrtAOBaTeAao, bi ooaoaaaia 
BceS yaoTBeaaoft a ncaxaqeoaoft aEaaaa lesaTb MaTepiaiBana yoio- 
Bifl». CynptocTb eioro sospaseaia oaoABToa vb Toft Bexaaott acrnorb^ 
no eyfiMKTaaaHa OTpeaaeaia ae Boaaaaanni tieenpa^aaao, ci hIm'b 
Koae^o aeiLsa ae eoraacHTbca. Ho xarie ciixyon Taaofi bhboxb: 
Tan aaKb eyOieEraBaiia OTpeaxeaia ae aBxaKToa 6%vh npauau, to 
Boa MTh aoTopaTOoaaa poxB, Boe to ffBaaceaie, aoiopoe coo6B](aeTca 
UMU oKpysanmei opexi, yse ooffepsaToa vh tItb npanaaarb, so- 
TopHMB oaa BiisaaaH, caixoaaTeiBao wrh aosao BHSBayTB Wb ufaat 
npsqaai a oiiAOTBifi. TaaoBa, Tasi osasaTb, ncaxozoria aaTepiaJia- 
ora^ecaaro noaaaaaia aoropia. 

cA «b aaaoHB xe xoraqecaoirb oraomeaia ai axeaiy gtobtb aa- 
TepiaiaoTa^ecKoe aoaaaaaie aeropia?* cnpaaiaBaeTb r. ByiraaoBi *}: 
«B[a vb saaoHi! MaTepiaiaora^ecaoe noaaaaaie aoropia octb aayroaa 
AOKTpaaa, aatomaa, cxixoBareaBao, x^^o acaxDurexBao orb aoaaaBa- 
aieiTB Bxa noaaaaaiem asaloTaunb sasaeaaiixB OTaomeHii>. 

SasaeaEna xe OTBomeaia, no aroft aoa^eII^ia, npaxo BatTeaaa>TB 
a» TOfl MarepiaxBaot opexK, aoropaa ospyxaerB xDxefi. Totb aay- 
Tpeaaift aipB, ^epeei aoTopaft apoxoxarB ara cpexa, npea^e ^wb 
npeapaTaTBoa bb BBBicraiia asHBaeaaiia oraoaieaiaY ae aaoeaTB cb 
OBoel oropoHH aaqero aoBaro a aa^ero ae QpadaaxaerB sb t^kb^ 
xUcTByDmaHB CBxaaB, noxB BxiaaieirB aoropiixB obb aaxoxaroa. 



*) 3aicotn njEtuHuunocmu u ceo6oda Hej^oenn, dfbUcm&iu^ <Hob. Cjdlobo*, Maft^ 
CTp. 198. 



HOBUa KHBrH. 33 

Owh ojiysffTb TOJLRO npoonnn oepeAaTomnn* SBiHom bi icexa- 
XHSMi oiSmecTBeHHoft A1I3HH, a noTOMy sayRa). Bsy^anmafl btotb m6- 
zaHflsm, He HM^en ki Heiiy HEBasoro xorHieoKaro oTHomeKiii. 

Bi eroiTb, Ban Hani BaseTca, saBiD^aeToa 071QH00T& ofiieBTH- 
BHBMa Bi> MatepiaiHOTH^eoBOMi noBHHaHiB ECTOpiB. 9ra crpaH/poaiaa 
noBUTBa BBeoTB HCTOplD ^eflOfiiiHeoTBa bi cHOTeny Hayuaro oiiHTa> 
oBOAHTOfl vh TOMy, HTO Bsi ofimeoTBeHHiiX'B BBAeHifl BpocTo yoTpa- 
iflGTCfl TO, ^TO ooctaBlfleTB Hxi xapasTepHys oeo6eaHooTB, wrb 
ormle OTB Boirs ApyrHTb rajieHitt, soxiiesamHXi HayqHOMy HBOxi- 
AOBafliD: li npoi^ecou pasBKTifl h 6opb6h, KOTOpue npoHoxoAfln Vh 

Xipt CyOlOKTHBHHXl BBJieHift H Saiill'B OTpaoaDTOB B'h 0Kpysai>]i^6S 

epeAi- 

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TepiauGTHHeoxaro ooHHHaHifl HCTopiH, HacKOJEBRO OHO BupasHAooB bo 
BsrjKBAax^ rr. OrpyBO h ByirasoBa na CBo6oAy h HOTopH^eoKyD He- 

OfiXOAHHOCTB, HH XOliJIH yBasaiB Ha HpOTHBOptnie Vb HXl $opM7- 

Jiaxi, BOTopua OBHSHBaDTOfl HUH 01 oyn^HooTbX) MTh yqenifl h b'b 

KOTOpHXl, KaSl HaiTB BaXeTCfl, TilBSe nOBTOpfllOTCa HiEOTOpUfl 06nQfl 

HOxoseHiji BoeS mnojiii. 

EciH 8TH npoTHBopivifl H pasptmaiaTOfl Kasi »6o npa 6oj[Bm6M'B 

paSBHTiH OTflXI^ OClKlXl HOJIOSeKit H npH TOMl Xe OTpH^aHiH HOTO- 
pH^eCBOtt pOJlK 076l6KTHBHfiIXX np0]}(6CC0Bl>, TO BO BOHKOBIT* ^J^tA Mil 

He HaxoAHiTB 8Toro HE y r. CrpyBe, hh 7 r. ByjiraBOBa h he y offHoro 
HBi> nonyrapEsaTopoB'B btofo 79eHiji vh p70CK0fl sypHaiBOTEBl. 

n. E. 



HoBHfl KHHra, 



M. CrapHH^slft. BornaHi XMOJiBHiii^BBiift. HcTopH^Hii Apana b-l 
5-Tii ^isix'b H 6-Tii oj^EHHaxi, 31b ano4)eo80E'b. EIob'b 1897. 

dnoxa B03CTaHiE BoraaHa XMCjiBHHnKaro, cocTaBHBmaE no- 
BopoTHUfi nyHKrb wh ECTopiH nojiBmH H MajiopocciH, cpaBan- 
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Tofi H Apyrofl HanioHaJiBHocTH. IIo cBoeMy sasKHOMy ana^eHiia 
B'B ECH3BH o6oHX'b BaponoBi>, paBHO KaKl> HO p^AKOMy 6oraTCTBy 

d$$eKTHUXli JIHITB H ApaMaTHHeCKHX'fc nOJIOXCeHifi, OHa HeCOMHi&HBO 

3acjiy}KHBaeTi> xynoKecTBCHHaro BocnpoH3Bej(eHiE, ho noHeiiy-To 
AC CHxi> nopi* nonuTKH nox[o6Haro BocnpoBSBefleHiH ocxaBaJiHCK 

Be OC06eHHO MHOrOHHCJieHHUMH H He OHeHB ynaHHUMH. Uocji&jiBasi 

nonuTKa TaKoro pojia btb noJiBCKofl JiHTepaTyp^, npeAnpHHSxaA 
CeHxeBEHeMii bi> ero HaB^CTHOM-B poMaH'6, nepeBeAeHHOMi> b Ha 

M 9. On^n n. 3 



34 pyCGKOB BOriTGKBO. 

pyccKifi iiauKib, OKasajiacB coBcpnieHHo HcyflOBJiexBopHTeJitHofl^ 
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r. CrapBOKaro sBJueTCB Aajiexo ne o6mBM'B: Ha KOHKypct, 
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HBBejieHiH. 



rep(Sep!Fb GneHcepi. Oghobhiih Hanajia. IlepeBOAiciaHridftcxaro.. 
C.-neTep6yprB. HaAanie H. <&. IlaBTMiteBa. 1897. 

Bi* KOHHi^ npomjiaro 1896 rojxa Bbiuiejii> bi* AnrjiiH BocbMofr 
Toii> KanHxajibHaro rpyna rep6epTa CaeHcepa „A system ot 
synthetic philosophy", cociaBJiiiiomifl bu^ct^ ch Ti§Mi> Tperifi toh-b 
,,Principles of Sociology'*, neiBepxaro coHBHeHia ms-h naxH, bxo- 
AHniBxi^ Bi> „CBCTeMy^* anrjiificKaro $BJioco$a. «IXBa TOManflTaTX>' 
B nocJU'l^AHflro coHBHeHiH ,, Principles of Ethics", BumjiH paHBnie. 

TaKBM-B 06pa30Ml>, BOCbMOfi TOMl* „CBCTeMU'\ SanOJIHHH C060K>' 

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nooji-feflHCMy TOMy cBoero xpyna, ovjisijiuBSLSiCh BaaaifB, nepeai. 
paai> axHxi> xpBjxnatB xpexi Jiixi>, kotophh npoxennB co Bpe- 
ueHB na^ajia CurnnemuHecKoH jfiuAOCo^iu^ a HyBcxsyio CMymeHie 
aepeni» Aepaocxbio, ci> Koxopofl npacxynnjiiB ki> psL6or% b ynaB- 
JiHiocB, Hxo MH-l^ AaHO 6ujio ee okohhbxb^^ yKasuBaii na 6o;i'£3ub 
H yna;iOKi> cb;ii>, Koxopuii npepuBaJiB ero pa6oxy, oh-b bchomb- 
HaeTB, Hxo 6£iJio BpeMH, Koma oh-b oxnasiiicfl osoaHBTB na^axuft 
xpyfli>. 3x0 sacxaBBJio ero nocji-^fe raecxoro TOMa, saKjnonaBmaro 
nepBUfi xomib CouiOAOtiu^ np^MO nepefixa k-b flesaTOMy b jxecH 
xoMy, oxBejieRHUMiB A^a SmuKu. HaAanieH'B 8xaxi> xomobti Cnen 
cep-B 6oJv^t Aopo^BJii*. OAHaKo, cbjiu ero nosBOJiHJiB sosBpa-^ 



HOBBifl RHnra. 37 

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JIBKOSaBHUMH Bl» paSBOC BpOMfl. 

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jKOxoparo aa pyocKift a3UKi> a nocjiy)KBJi'B ajih aaci» noBOjioifi.. 

^CB axaai 3aM']&xKaM'B. 



38 P7CCX0B BOrATCTBO. 

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HOA^riBHHBKOMrB H BCeFAa HaXOABJIH pyCCKifi TeKCTl> 6J1H3KRM1> inb. 

anrjiiflcKOMy, xopomo nepeAaioniHMi> ero cmucjii* h xopomHMi pyc- 
ciCBiii> ASKKOM-B. IIocji^ABee Bi* Hame Bpeufl He ohchb nacTO 
Bcrp-^^aeTCH bi* uepeBOAaxi>. Butb Mosexi*, cji'l^AOBajio Gu 
ynpexHyTB nepenoAiBKa 3a H^KOTcpyionpoHSBOJiBHocTB npH bi>i6o-^ 
p% Tei^HBCB'B. A^fl npBM'^pa eepeii-B caMuft ocHOBBofi naparpa^ 
Bcero TpyAa, HueHo § 94, ta'^ saKjiio^aeTCB Bucmift CHHTe3i> Bcen> 
cymaro. npBBeAem cymecTBeBHoe if^cro btofo naparpa$a, saxik. 



HOBUfl SHBrH. 39 

OHO nepesejieHO no pyccKH, npocraBjiflji bii cKo6Kaxi>, rn^ ny^Ho^ 
anrjiidcKifl BupaxceHbi h TepmiHu: 

„Mu npHSHaiH toti 4>asT'B, tto nayica, Hscid^xyfl reneaioriK) npewe- 
TOB'b (ofvarions objects), naxoxHTB hx^ cocxaBHiifl ^acxH dsiBinHMH nisorxa 
vb pasdumoMh cocTOflHiH (in diffused states), a cjtbji,E tstl HCTopiio b% 6y- 
xymeifb, Haxo;^T%, hto oh^ bhobb npHMyr's pasjcsToe (diffused) cocToaHie. 
Tbwh caimirb xh npHSHajiH j^asirb, "ito Tpe6yeKaa ^^opvyjra xojsna oxBa- 
THsaTB o6a npoTHBynojoxHue npoi^ecca— cocpexoxo'ieHia (concentration) h 
pasjumw (dijQfasion). Onpex&uui 8thmh "lepTanH o6miA xapaRxepi ^o^kjssl^ 
KH yse npH^JiHSEiHCB SI* cneiuaiBHOMy (specific) BiipaseHix) en. nepexo^a 
Hss pasiHTaro (diffused), nesaMnmnato (imperceptible) cocToania B'b cocpe- 
XOTOHeHHoe sajmnwoe (perceptible dxo HHTerpaioa MaxepiH h coiipoBoautaK)- 
n^ee ee paacfMuie (dissipation) jtBHsenia, a nepexo^^ bs'b cocpeAOToneHHaro 
aantTHaro cocToaBia B'B pasiHioe sesaMd^THoe — axo nouonienie (absorp- 
tion) ABHsenia h conpoB02BAftK>iil&fl ero AHSHHTorpaiua vaxepiH. dxo xpy- 
HSM'B. CocxasHHa HacxH arrperaxa ne Horyx% o6pa30BaxB ero, He yxpaxHBi 
nacxB CBoero oxnocHxeiBHaro XBHsenia, h ho Moryxi pacnacxBca (separate), 
He noiy^HB'B npadaBKy b% CBoeiiy oxHocHxeuHOMy ABHseniD. Mu He iobo- 
pHiTB sx'bcB ABHseaiH Hacxefl Maccii oxHocHxeiBHo xpyrax'B vaccB, iobo- 
pHifB xoJEBKO XBHsesiH Hxi oxHocHxejiBHO M,V1^^ xpyra. OrpaHHHHsaa name 
BHuanie axHH'B BHyTpeHBHicB ABHxemeit'B h HiiiDiiiHirB ero Ben^ecxsoM'B, 
idi BEjiBMi, Hxo AOiSHH HpHSHaxB cj'&^^ioiiiyio dKciouy: npotpeccuenoe othedu^ 
nenie (prog:res8ing consolidation) xpe6yeTi yMeHBineHia BHyxpenHaro xbh- 
seaia, a Boapacxame BHyxpeHHaio xBHseaia Be^exi s'b npotpecaunoMy pac-' 
nadeuiw (progressing nnconsolidation). (Pyccs. nepenoA^; cxp. 237; aHiJ. 

HOJtX. no 3 JEOHAOHCBOMJ H3AaHiD cxp. 281). 

Oxii'^^eHHH^ HaMH KypcBBOM-b nepe^aHH aHrjiificKHxi> xepMs- 
BOB-B He Moryn* Guxb npHSHaHu yjiaHHBiifH. Owb He HCBaxcaiorB 
ciiuoJia, HO JiHinaiOTi» x3t>iKi> xoft to^hocth h onpe;Eri&JieHHOcTH, 
KOTopBiiiH OHii OTjiHHaexc^ y CneHcepa. Difhision, KOHe^Ho, ne 
paanHxie, a paac^nHie; dissipation bi> AaHHOMi> ii^cr]^ ynoxpeC- 
jieHO B'B CMBicJii^ yrpaTBi jiBHXceHia, ero HSJiyneHiii, ecna xothtc; 
OAHBicB H r^wh ^e cjiOBOM'B ^pacnajieHle^ HejiBsx nepeBO^HTb 
dissolution (KaKi> bi> npenujiyniefi rnaBi), a separation, a nnconsolida- 
tion... He oxpHiiaH aHaneHifl aa axoio npoH3Bo;iLHOCTBK> xepiiHHO- 
jioriH, uu BcexaKH soji^khu npHanaxB, hto jie^amifl nepenrb 
HaMH nepeBOAB HcnojineHi* BnojiHi^ yjtoBJiexBopHxeJiBHO h mo- 
MtTh cjiy^Bxis npeKpacHUMi> HanaJiOMi* jinsi osHaKoifJieHiii pyc- 
cKoft ny6jiHKH ci* CunmemuHecHOio ^iMOCO^teH aHrjiifioKaro iibi- 

CJIHTeJIX. 

Eme OAHO saM'^naHie. KHnra HassaHa ^Ochobhuh Hanajia'^ 
Mu HHHero ne HBi'^eiii. npoTHBi> xaxoro nepenojEta anrjiiftcKaro 
aarjiaBifl „First Principles", ho %€%o^ onnaKo, OcHOBHaa Hanana? 
y CneBcepa oaarjiaBJieHO xaKB: „A system of synthetic philosophy 
Vol. I: First Principles". TyrB acHO, nero nepBoocnoBBi npe^jia- 
raerB KHara: He nepnoft iiariH h He HHxerpaJiBHaro HCHHCJieHia, 
a cHHTeTHHecKofi $HJioco$iH. He u^nuuio Cu h no pyccKH yno- 

JfjrayXB Cdl* BTOMB liaJieHBKOMlt 06CT0axeJIBCTB'^. 



40 PYGCKOB BOriLTCTBO. 

PiinieHie $vjD[oeo<|^Karo Bonpoea o AoerOBtpHoexH eyn^ecrso* 
BaHla jiyiSLn u Tbmk. CaMocTOfliejDbHoe 4^Hioco<)»CBoe sBcxbxoBaHie 

Cs'&HHHBOBa. Capanyji'b 1897. 

ABTop-b coBepmeHHo HanpacHo noxc^epKHBaerb i^caMOCTOiiTejiB- 
HOCTb" CBoero B3Cji'!§AOBaHi5i. H 6t3T» Toro, CTOHTi» TOJiBKO npo- 
HvreLTh jiio6oe h31i noJioxceHifl aBTopa (6pomiopa HanHcaea btb 
^opM'fi KpaTKHx-B noJio^Kenift, paaitflCHHeMuxib h 8amHmaeMuxi» 
B-b H^OKOJiBKBxii cTpoKaxii, cJi'^^nyiomHX'b 3a nnojio3iceHieMi»**)^ 
HTo6u y6*flHTi>cfl, HTo ^caMOCToaxeJiBBOCTB** aBTopa He ycxynHTi* 
caMocToaxeJiBHOCTH rorojieBCicaro $H;ioco$a TunKHHa-JIfliiKHHa, 
KOTopufl, KaicB 8TO HeooBfHi&HHO HdBi&CTBO, AO Bcero jiomejvh 

^,C06CTBeHHUM'B y MOM'B^ . 

Ajix jEioKaaaTeJiBCTBa cnpaBeAJiHBocTH Hamnxi^ okob'B, npHBe* 
AeMi> ^BaiKHi^fimifl^' M']^CTa h3i> capanyjiBCxaro $BJioco$a. IIojio* 
^eHie >& 9. ^IIpHpoAa conepacaaiii h BHA'^niii bi onxymemH ecib 
BHAxmaa npepojia, hjih HHa^e, naina Ayma^. JIoKaaaxejiBCTBo: 
„npBpoAa cojtepxcaBiji h BHfl%Hifl cymecTByen bt* omymeHisi Cb 
BRjv^mtwh. EcjiH npHpofla coAepxcaHis h bha^hIx cymeciByerB 
bi» oBxymeHiHX-b BEAi^HieicB, to oaa bi* omymeHui BHSHrB. Bcjih 
npHpoAa conepxcanifl h BHjii&Hifl b-b omymeniB BBOHTib, to oea 
ecTB BHAflmafl npHpojia. BBffsmasi npepojia, bi> KOTopoft cyme- 
cTByiOTB BTi omymeHiii cojiep}KaHie h BHA^eie, ohcbbaho, cctb 
Hama Jtyma, TaKi> KSLK'h cnoco6HOCTB BHA'^^Hin npBHaA^eiiCBrB 
jxym*" (cTp. 12, 13). 

Mh iio^eifB coBepnieHHo ycnoKOHTB Hamero aBTopa: neco- 

MH'^HHO, HTO HH OABHl $Ha0C0$li HC Itpem>ABBrb Kli HClcy HCKa 

aa noxamenie npHBeneHHaro OTpuBxa. 

CTOJiB-^e HecoMH-^&HHo McaMocTOflTeJiBHu^Hjcpyriii noaoxeaiji 
aBTopa; nanp. >6 49. ,,npBpojia, wh KOTopoft soijieHie cyme- 
cTByeTTi BH% omymenifl, ecTB HeBHjiamafl nplipoAa hjih iHa^e, 
Hame rfejio". 

Ho, B^poflTHo, HaH6ojiBnieft ^caMocroxTejiBHocTH'' AOCTHraerb 
aBTopii B% cji'^AyiomHxii wyxi* nojiosKeaisx'B: >6 56. ^HAsm&H 
npHpoAa Be HMilerB jxjis ceCsi HHKaxofi npnpoAU** h >6 66. „He- 
BHAflnxas npapona He nif^^erb jum ce6a EHKaxofl npHponu'^ 

Otit&thmii eme oany McaMocTOBTe;iBHyio' ^epTy: irfiHa sa 6po- 
miopy B-h 79 cxp., BecBMa He6oABmoro ^opMara h HanenaTaHHyio 
o^ieHB paaroHHCTiiiirB mpH^TOifB, HasBaieHa 6 py6jiefi. Ecjih tojibko 
8T0 He onenaTxa (bm'^cto 5 Koneeici>), to bto, (SeacnopBO, BnoJiB'b 
cauocToxTeJibHaji AenajiBBaiiui namero xpeAHTHaro py6jiji. 



JS^'jyb T. Ph6o. ncHXOJDtorifl BHHMaHifl. UepoBoxi c% 8-ro <|>paH- 
i^yscKaro HSxaHis Gn6. 1897. 

3Ta He6oABniaB KHHOKxa npHHaAAexcarB rb Toft cepin mobo* 
rpa$ifl (BoA^BHH naMiiTH, £oJxi^3HH ahhhoctHi Boa'^shh Bojni)^ 



flOBUfl KHHTH. 41 

noCpeACTBOMTi KOTOpUZl* aBTOpib He TOnhKO COOCmaJI'B Dy6JIHKi^ 

peayjiBTaTui coCcTBeHHux'B pasMunmeHift h HSCJX^xoBaBift, ho erne 
"SL aBBXOMJurh ee ci» cospeMeHHUMi no;ioiKeHieinb juiHHarojBonpoca 
ncHXOJxoriH. 

PasGBpaeifax iioHorpa^iii oTJiH^aeTOH orb npemuynmx'b mo- 
Horpa$H^ecKKXi» HSCJii&noBaHifl Toro-xce asTopa t&tb, hto ona 
nocBsmeHa HayHeBiio He 6oJi%3HeHHuxib yKJioHeHift, a caMoro 
iiBJieBia: neuxoAoiiu BHHMaHhi. wll&Oi Hamero Tpyjia, roBoparb 
aBTopi» (cTp. 4),— >ycTaHOBHTb H AOKasarb cji^Ayioaiix nojioxce- 
His: cymecTByiorb zib% paaJis^Hua $opifU BHBMaHis: oAHa — ^bhh- 
Maaie ecTecTBeHHoe, HenpoHBBOJiBHoe, Apyrax — HCKyccTBeHHoe, 
npoHaBOJiBHoe*^. 

nllepBaii ^opifa, ociaBJieHHaB b% npeneGpe^eBiH 6oJii»mHH- 

CTBOlTb nCHXOJlOrOB'B, npeACTaBJIXeTIb CO60IO $0pMy A'^fiCTBHTeJlB- 

Hyio, npHMHTHBHyio H ocHOBHyio; BTopas, cocTaBJisBinaji ao cuzrb 
uop'h npeAMeT'b hx^b Hson^AOBaHift, npencTaBJiBeTi» co6ok> nojt- 
paJKaHie, peayjiLTaTi* BocnHtaHiA h ApeccHpoBKH. HeapovHoe h 
maTKoe npoHSBOJiBBoe BHHMaBie onnpaeTCfl Bceii%Jio na BHBMaHie 
BenpoH3BOJXbHoe, Brh KOTopoMi» OHO BaxoAHrb cBoe ocHOBaHle. Oho 
ecTB TOJiBKO ycoBepmencTBOBaHHufi cHapHAi, nposyKrb ]ihbhj[h- 
aaiiiB^. 

^BmucaHie, fobophtb aBTopi* Aa^i^e, bti 8thxi» AByx'b $op- 
vsLTb He ecTb HTo JU160 HeonpeA^eHHoe, aKrb hbcto AyxoBHuft, 
AiMcTByioQiift TaHHCTBeHHuiTb H HeyjioBHiourb odpaaoMi** Mexa- 
nusu-h ero, no cymecTBy drntameAbfrnH^ t. e., A^ficTBynniift na 
MycKyjiu H nocpeACTBOiTb MycKyjioBib, rAaBHLUfi» oGpasoMi*, bi> 
$opiii& 8aAep)KKH'^ 

^IIoaTOMy annrpa^OM-B kb HacTonnieiiy TpyAy mo^ho 6hao-6h 
B36paTb cji%Ayiomee*Bupa}KeHie MayACAH: ^HejioB^Ki, necno- 
co6Huft ynpaBJiHTb cbohuh iiycKyjiaiiH, Hecnoco6eHii h ko bhh- 
MaHiio'. 

,,BHHiiaHief bb o6%hx'b ero $opiiax%, npeAcraBiiflenb co6ok) 
cocTOHHie BCKjiioHHTejiLHoey anopMaJiBHoe, He Morymee aoafo 
npoAOJUKaxbca, noTOMy ^to oho npOTBBop'^HHrB ocHOBHoiiy no- 

AO^eHUO HCHXHHeCKOft ^iCHaHH — H81l%HBeifOCTH. BHHuaHie eCTB CO* 

CTOBHie HenoABH^Hoe. Ecjih oho aahtch Hepeaqypi> aojito, oco- 
6eBHo npH He6JiaronpiBTHUX% ycAOBiflxi, xaxcAufi 3HaeTi» no 
onury, ^to hhi> BHamaeTca hoctouhho BoapaciaioaiaH HeacHOCTB 
iiucjiH, nonHoe yMCTBeHHoe HaneMo^KeHie, nacTO conpoBosKAftio- 
meecfl rojioBOKpy»ceHieMi». .9th Jiencifl BpeMeHHua noMpaHeHis 
3nBaau[Baion» na npHpoAHufi aHTaroHBaM% MesAy BHHMaHieMi» a 
HopMaABHofi ncHXHHecKoft acH3HBio. Bahbctbo coanaHia, cocTaB- 
ABx>mee ocaoBy BHHMaHiH, acH^e Bupa^KaeTca b% 6oA'£aHeHHuxi» 
DpoHBJieHiHXii ero.,. icaicB vh xpoHHHecKOfi hx» $opii* — ^id^es 
fix^ Tax* H vh ocxpoft— cocTOHBie BKcraaa'* (cxp. 6—6). 

^HopifajiBHoe cocToanie ecrb ifHosxecTBeHHocTB cocToaHifi co- 



42 PfCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

BHaHisi, HJiH, oii&sy^ Bupa^KeHiK), ynoTpe6JijieMOic7 h^rotopumibi 
nncaTejiflMH, nojiHHjieH3M'B. BaHMaaie-^Ke ecTB KpaTKOBpeifeHHax 
aanep^cKa aToro 6e3npepuBHaro pflsa pa^H ojiHoro KaKoro-HH- 
Cjjih cocTOflHisi. 9to yace — mohohj^chsbi'l'* (cTp. 7). 

BnpOHeMl>, M0H0HIieH3Ml» BHHliaHiil eCTb TOJIBKO OTBOCHTeJIbHUft 

MOHOHneHsirb. AdcoJiiOTHufl Mo^.O]IJleH3Bll» BCTpi^Haercs TOJIBKO j^Bl*. 
oqeHB p^nKMx-h cJiyHasixi axcTaaa'^ (cxp. 8). 

3aT^Mi», n^icecToicax 3y6Hafl 6ojib, kojihkh bi» noHJcaxii, objib- 
Hail paflocTB AaiorB BpeiieBHoe enHHCTBO cosHaHis, Koropoe He 
cJT^AyeTi* cir^mBBaTb co BHHMaHieirb. EHHiiaHie jxojvikbo vairi^. 
o6i»eKrB; oho He npeAcraBJifleTi* co6oio hhcto cy6i>eKTHBHaro 
H3ir£HeHifl, a ecxB no3HaBaHie^ (CTp. 8 — 9). 

HaxoHeiTb, nyjicHo eme yuoMSHyTb „o caoco6HOCTH opraHH3Ma 
npHcnocoGjUTBoi — chocoGhocth, ooctoahho conpoBoxc^aiomeft bhh« 
Maaie h Hii%K>meft 6ojibmoe Bxinnie Ha ero oCpasoBanie...^ 

„Bii cjiyHaAXi* HenpoH3Bo;iBHaro ^HHifanifl Bce tI^o cocpe** 
AOTOiHBaeTCfl Ha o6rbeKTil BHEManiji; yma, HHorz^a h pyicH Ha« 
npaBJUiOTCfl KTh Heiiy. Bcfi ABH^eniii na BpeMH npeicpaniaiOTCfl^ 
JIhhhoctb nor;iomeHa AaHHUM-b o6i>eKTOMi> BHHMaHix, t. e. bc^ 
efl crpeiiJieHiH, Beci» HM'^iomiflcJi Ha-JiHKO sanacb anepriH na- 
npaBJienu Ha oahhi> h tott* xce nyHKn>. npHcnoco6;ieHHOCTi» 

BHi&DIHflAl ^HSH^eCiCafl SlBJlHtTCSl npHBHaKOMli HpHcnocoCxeHHocTH 

BHyxpeHHeft, ncHXHHecKofi. CocpenoTOHeme Btjievh kib eAHHCTsy, 
saHi^HflionieMy pa3c%iiHHOCTt> ABH)KeHifi h nojioiKenifl T%jia, xa* 
paKTepHsyiomyio nopMajiBHoe cocTOflHie'^. 

JBi oiyHanxi. npoH3BOJii>Haro BHHMaHiH npHcnoco6JieHHOCTX». 
sanacryio CuBAerh Henojmas, nepeMe^aioniaiiai, HenpoHHas*^ 
(cjp. 9—10). 

Ilocjii^ Bcero aroro asTop-b onpeji^nseTh BHEiianie cjAkyjo-^ 
niBMii o6pa3oirb: ^BBBMaHie ecn* yMCTBeBHufl MOH0HAeH3Mi» b% 
coeABHeaiH ci> HenpoB3Bo;iBHOio hjxh HCKyccTBeHHOio npBcnocoG- 
jieHHocTBK) HHj[(HBBAa. BscilcTo dTofi ^opiiyjiu if03iCH0 JiaTB H flpy- 
ryio. Borb ona: BHBMaHie ecTb yMCTseHHoe cocroBHie, hckjiiohh-* 
TeJBbHoe HJiH npeo6jiaAaiomee, Hb cbjI3h cb nenpoBSBOJibHoio huh 

HCKyCCTBCBHOlO npBCn0C06jieHH0CTbK) HHnHBflffa** (CTp. 10). 

He cHOTpB Ha to, hto aBTopi> pasciiaTpHBaen ne 6oJi%3HeHHiJH 
yKJiOHenU BBHuaHiB, acaimfi npouteocb BHHMaHiB, ncuxOAOWio bhb- 
jiaHifl, — HyxHO npB3HaTb, hto hbcto ncHXOJiorHHecKan cxopona 
H3CJi%j[0BaHiH BBJiHeTCB 6oji%e cJia6oio ero CTOpoHOio. AsTopi* 
ci> 6o;ibniairb MacTepcTBOMi> Hdynaerb ncHxo-$H3ioJ!iorHHecKi5i 
ycAOeia BOSHHKHOBeHia BHHMaHiH, ho ne TOJibKO ocTaBnaeTi* vb. 
T^HH OTHomeaie BHBMaHia ki» H'^KOXopuirb jipyrHMib ncaxBHecKHM^ 
npoiieccairb (nanp., pOJib BHHMaHifl npH oGpasoBaHia oio^huxii^ 
npoAyKTOBii AyxoBHofi A'feBTejibHocTH), Bfo AUKe BHanaeTbi no 
HameMy iiH'^Hiio^ bi> Hi&KOTopoe npoTHBop%Hie c% caMHirb coGoia 
npH onpeflf seaiH ochobhuzi ncaxoJiorBHecKHxi CBoftcTBib bhh* 



flOBUfl KHEFH. 43 

xaHifl. TaKi», Ch ojSMoft ctopoHU, OHib coBepmeHHO b%pho Ha- 
oraHBaerB Ha cbash BHHHaHin h nyBCTBa. HanpHMi^ib, na CTp. 
11 owh roBoparb: „npHHHHcio BHHMaHlfl — xaiCB cjia6aro, TaK-^ h 
CBJiBHaro— Bcerjxa h bo BCi&xi» cjiynaflxi* ABJuercfl o^^eKmuenoe 
cocTOiiHie. 3to o6mee npaBHJio, He Hici^ioaiee HCKJuoneHift**. Ci> 
Apyrofl CTopoHu, KaKi» MH bha'Sjih Bume, aBTopi* oTKasuBaeTCfl 

BHfl^Tb ajieMCHTU BHHliaHiH FB TOITB ^ejlHHpTBi^ COBSaHifl^, KOTO- 

poe o6ycjiEOBJiHBaeTC)i ymtctoKoio 3y6aoio 6ojibk> hjih ohjibhoio 
panocTLK). KaKii mli bha&ih, ohi^ nocTynaerB TaKi* noToiiy, hto, 
no ero lurlHiio, „BHHMaHie cctb nosHaBaHie^. Ho, HeroBopayse 

O TOITB, HTO MO^iOBEO Cl» 60JIBin0I0 OCHOBateJIBHOCTBIO HaXOflHTB 

no3HaBaTeJiBHue ajieMCHTU h bi» ^ecroKofi 6o;ih, h bi» chjibhoA 
paAocTH, — HejiE3fl He saM-i^THTB, HTO saKOHHOCTB orpaHHHeHiii bhh- 

UaHifl OAHHMH nOSHaBaTeJIBHEUIH COCTOflHiflMH OCTaeTCH HeAOKa- 
SaHHOIO HamHMl* aBTOpOMl*. 

OjXHaKo, caMO co6ok> padyiii&eTCfl, hto yicasaHHasi HaMH cjia6afl 
CTopoHa H3c;i']^noBaHiji Pfl6o cb 6ojiBnmM'B h36ktkom'b B03Ha- 
rpasKAaeTCfl jtpyrHMH MHoroHHCJieHHUMH nocTOBHCTBaMH, Boo6me 
HpHcymHMH coHHHeHiflirb btofo ct)paHixy3CKaro ncHXOJiora. 



EereenreHHiilt HpaBCTBOHHHlt aaKOHi* IIcHxojorH^ecRia ochobu 
HpsBCTBeHHocTH, HacxfeAOBaHis HfiaHa nonoBa. CeprieB'B noca;(i« 1897 r. 
It. 3 py6. 

ABTopi» HaHHHaerB cb yKasaHifl Toro, hto noHHMaerB oh-b 
noAi* Bupa^KeHieM'B „ecTecTBeHHiafi HpaBCTBeHHufl saKOHT***. 

nO cyoxecTBOBaHiH bi* HejiOBi&Ki&... BnyTpeHHsiro 3aK0Ha, yxa- 
BLiBaiomaro eiiy nyxB jxo6pa h no6yMcaaioii(aro ero cji'^^AOBaxB 
8TBMi» nyreMB, acho CBHj(i&TejiBCTByeTB, judLfCb Cjiobo £o>Kie, TaKi* 
H y^eHie Otuob-b n;epKBH**, roBopHrB oh* na cxp. XL „BorB 
BTO-TO BHyrpcHHee B036y»cAeHie k-b H3Bi&CTH0My, cxporo onpej;*- 
jieHHOMy o6pa3y n^ficTBifi h Ha3UBaeTCfl y anocTOJia IlaBJia h b-b 

COHHHeHliiX'B OTIXeBli IiepKBH eCTeCTBeHHUMlb HpaBCTBeHHUM'B 3a- 
K0H0M1», T. e. 3aK0H0M'B, BJI0)iCeHHUM'B B'B OaMyK) HpBpOAy HeJIO- 

Bi»Ka^ (cxp. II). 

Pa35BpaeMa5[ KHHra ecTB nonuxKa jiaxB naynnoe o6ocHOBaHie 
Bi>inieyKa3aHHOMy yxBep»c^eHilo OxaoB-B nepKBH. „Jli&Jio xpn- 
criaHCKoft jiio6o3HaxejiBHOcxH h nayKH o npaBCXBeHHocxH, roBo- 
pnrB aBxopi* na cxp. XII, pa3BHXB nonpoCn^e bxh nojio^iceBiji, 
BupasiceHHUfl OxnaMH iiepKBH 6ojr£e bi» BH^axi* Ha3HAaHifl, h'£mi» 
AJifl yAOBJiexBopeniH hhcxo nayiHaro HHxepeca. 3xa npaKXHHecKafl 
irfijiB o6'BsiCH5ie'FB Haai-B, noHCMy... roBopa o cymecxBOBaniH ecxe- 
cxBeHHaro npaBCXBenHaro 3aK0Ha, oxim qepKBH ne H3cji'£nyiorB 
Bonpoca, B'B KaKHxii coCcxBeHHO CHJiaxi» HejioB^iecKaro Ayxa 
0H% KopeHHxcfl H H3ii KaKHX'B ocHOBHE>ixi> xpe6oBaHift HeJIOBi&?e- 
OKoft npHpoflu onrb BOdHHxaerB^. 



44 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

Hacji^AOBaHie aBTopa npHBojiBTi> ero ki* saBjuoHeHiio, hto 
^HpaBCTBeHHan noTpeCeocTB... BUTCKaerb h3i» caMaro ocaoBHoro 
cTpeMJienia HenoB^Hecicaro jiyza kt* rapMOHis, nopnAKy h ejxHH- 
CTBy** (cxp. 596). 

ABTOpi>, 3HaHHTeJIBHyK) HaHHiaHHOCTb KOTOparO HCJIBSfl He 

npHSHaTB, oTJiH^rao noHHMaeTi», hto npexcxte, H^wh fobophtb o 
epoofcdeHHOMz cxpeiuieHiH nejioBi&Ka ki> nopxAKy, rapMoniH h cubh- 
CTBy, Hy^Ho pa3A'^Jian»cfl cb 8Bo;iioiiioHHoft ^HJioco^ieft, koto- 
pail yTBep)KAaeTB, hto ona MoxceiB oCbiichhtb do^tmiCMOtf^Hie bthxi* 

lyBpOSKAeHHUXB^ HaKJIOHHOCTeft. 

ELodTOMy aBTopi» h nocB^maerB 6on^e 40 crpaHHix'B kphtmk% 
MBBOJiionioHuofi TeopiH iiopajiH'. Hy^HO, OAsaKO^ aauilTHTB, ^to 
aTa KpaTBoca, He npeACTaBjmii HH^iero BOBaro, oGHapy^HBaerb 

BM^CT'^ CB rfiMB HBMi^H^HBOCTB HayHHOfi HOdHIXiH aBTOpa, npUCHO- 

€o6AHKmau> CBOH flOBOflu KB Tpe6oBaHijiHB MBHyTU. TaKB, Hanp., 

BB OTJCfeJI-fe; ^KpHTHKa yieHlil BBOJIlOHiOHHCTOHB O HaOll^ACTBeH* 

Hoft nepeaan-ll HpaBCTBeHBUXB cboActbb^, aBTopB HBjifleTCfl cto- 
poHHBKOMB BeftcnaHa, y KOToparo obii h aasMCTByerB oboe Ban- 
6o;i'j^e CHJiBHue aoboau. Ho, He roBopn y^e o tomi, hto Beftc- 
MaBBSM'B mioxo rapMOHHpyeTB cb ApyreiiH BAeflMH aBTopa, moskho 
aaifi^THTB aBTopy, hto ohb coBepmeHHO 3a6HBaerb o Beftciia- 

BHBli'i, KOraa SaHHIfaeTOI KpHTHKOK),, BSFJIflAa Ha BpaBCTBeHHOCTBy 

KaKB Ha opyxcie bi» 6opB6% 3a cyI^ecTBOBaHie*^ A ne^Ay t^^mb, 
AocTaTo^fHO xoTfl 6u yKa3aTB Ha BefiCMaHBCTa KHzma (npH3HaH- 
naro caiiHirB BeftcManoMB), BaoHcaBinaro ix^Ayio KHsry, ochob- 
HaH HAefl KOTopoft Ta, HTo HpaBCTBeHBocTB ecTB Ay^mee opy^ie 
BB 6opB51l sa cymecTBOBanie MCxcAy o6aiecTBaMfl. KasaAOCB-Gti, 
HTO XOT1I-6U BB KaHecTB^^ 5AaroAapHOCTH sanoMonxB, OKa3aflHyio 
HameMy aBTopy BeficnaHoiiB npoTHBi» Cnencepa, ohb mofb 6u 
nocTapaTBCfl pasiacHHTB BefiCMaHHCTaMB hx% 3a6Ay^AeHie. Ho 
aBToprb OKasaAca HeAOB^Kom He6AaroAapBHiiB h hb oahhm'b 

CJIOB0Ml» He 05M0ABBACfl AAA HOyHeHifl BefiCliaHBCTOBB. 



GyjiraHB m JIjepaeaBH. MaJiBBOJiBKa MaBB-Kojia. nepoBox^ cb 
aHmficsaro. Gn6. 1897. 

JlBTepaxypa BocTOiHaro sonpoca oco6eHao 6oraTa bb AarAia, 
TA'^ BeBBAi&^HMuft KpB3BCi» MeAAeBBO . paaAaraK)marocfl boctoh- 
Haro CTpoa BSAaana BoaOy^KA^m'B k^b ce6'£ coaepnieHBO hckak>- 
HBTeABBufl aarepecB npaBBxeABCTBa, o5mecTBa a ABTepaTypu, 
VLu^SL BB OTCTaAuxi» cTpaBaxB BocTOKa BuroABue puBKa cCuTa, 
oaacaacB BaaHaxeABBaro Boapacxaaia pycoKaro Boeaao-MopcKoro 
Monrn^ecxaa bb cAynai^ naAeaia Typuia, a ae aaxoA^ aauX'B 
B']§poaTaux'B aexoAOB-B p^meaia Bocxoiaaro Kpasaca, KpoM'6 
pyccKaro aaBoeaaaia, aarAa^aae cb BeyAOBOABcxBieMi> a onace- 
BleMi» CMOxpi^AB aa padaaxie apasaca a xox']§ab AyMaxB, ^ro 



HOBHfl KHHTH. 45 

ntJio BOBce He TaK* yace njiozo, hto Typuia cnoco6Ba ici» b03- 
po)iCjieHiio H nporpeccy, h "vto^ ctejio (Sutb, 8a6oTa o TaKOMi» 
BOspo^KjieHiH H nporpeccl h jioJixcHa 6uti> 6jiH»cafimeio saAaneio 
Bxrb iloJiETHicH, BMi^cT^ ch TiwB H sajiaHeK) HCTHHHaro ryiia- 
HHstea. noJiBTHKa oxpaHU TypeKKaro rocywpcTBa co CTopoHu (5pH- 
TaacKaro npaBHTejiBCTBa h onrHMHCTHHecKifi Bsvjism'h Ba coctoh- 
Hie 8Toro rocyAapcTBa bi» anrJiiftcKoft JiHTeparypil OTJiH^ajia 
aroTB cpaBHHTCJiBBo HenaBHift nepionib aHrjio-TypeKKBX'B otbo- 
meHifi. CpasHBTejiBHo HeAaBHo no BpCMesH, ni&Jiafl b^hhoctb — 
no BHyrpeHBeMy xapaKTepy arHXi oxHomeHifl. KnHraMaiCB-KoJiJi, 
aarjiaBie KOTopofi Bume B&inHcaHo, h KOTopaa HejtaBHo noiiBHJiac& 
Bi> pyccKOMi* nepeBOKi^f npeACTaBjifleicfl apKHMii BLipa^KeaieM-B 
SToro HOBaro HanpaBjieniii aHrjiiflCKofi nojiHTHKH, HOBaro aacTpoe- 
Hiii aarjiificKaro oCmeoTBa h hobi>ixi» Boasp^Hifi aHrjiiflcKofi jrare- 
paxypu. 

MaK-fc-KojiB ropii^o paTyeTx sa yrnexeHHyio xpHcriaHCKyio 
pafiio TypniH, cyjixaHa HHaqe ne nasHBaex-fc, Ksach BeJiHKHMi. 
npecxynHHKOii'B, n oxpni^aexii jii&flcxBBxejiBHOcxb BCflKHxi* bhlixi» 
cpeAcxBi>, KpoMil npHHy>iCAeBifl. HejubSii cKaaaxL, hxo6u npHBo- 
jvsMue AOBOAU 6R7IEI MaHo y6i^AHxe;ibHU. ^cho no oneBHAHOcxa 
H3i> npBBeAeHHux'B jiaBHHX'B, ^xo xypKH HHKoriia He ^ejiajiH h 
TenepB se jicejiaioxi> ^apoBaxB xoxb ckosbko Hfl6yjii> cnocHoe 
cynxecxBOBanie noKopeHHUMi. HeMaroMcxaHCKHM-B HapoAaMi>.Heco- 
. MHi&HHo, Hxo HacHJiifl, HcxaaaHifl, nepiojiHiecKifl MaccoBua BsOie- 
Hifl H Henpexpaniaiomeecji oCnpaaie xpHCxiaacKofl paflH HdAABHa 
JiBjiflioxcfl npoHHO ycxaHOBHBmHMCflf, o6menpHHflX£iMi» MexojxoMi> 
xypcnKaro ynpaejicHiH. Mhofo paai* noxaaaHO, hxo HHKaKia 
npeACxaBJienifl Brtx* KepHcas-B seinioro mapa HHHcro xyxx Be 
iiojiijiAK)r'h. ToJiBKo npHHysKAenie, xojibko naxepiaJiBHafl CHJia 
npejxcxaBJUiexoji BHyniHxeABHUM'B apryMeHX0MT» bi. rjiaaaxii cy;i- 
Tana h ero coB^xH^KOBib. Bee axo HecoiiH'feHHO, oieBHiiHO h bc- 
ocnopHiio. ToJiBKO npeAHaM']&peHH0 saKpuBaa rjiaaa aa ne«ianB- 
Hyio fl']&floxBHxejiBHocxB xypenKaro ynpaBJieBia Ha BajiKaHCKOMi. 
noJiyocxpoB* h b-b nepe^Hefi AaiH, moxcho He npnaHaBaxB bc^x-b 
8XHxi» Heyx%niHxe;iBHBixi> bhbojiob-b MaKii-KoJifl. Ecjih ^eJiaiox-B 
yjiy^fflHXB ycjioBia cymecxBOBaHia nosBJiacxHux'B xypKairb napo- 
AOBii H AapoBaxB HM-B xoxfl 6u caMyio sjicMeBxapHyio 6e3onac- 
BocxB jiH^Hyio H HMymecxBeHHyio, xo cyjixaHa h cro xypoK* 
Heo6xo;iHiio iCB xoMy npHHynaxB, ho KaK-B npHHynaxB? HeJiBaflt 
CKaaaxB, hxoGu oxb^xx Ha axox-B BonpocB 6hji'b sicewh caMoiiy 
MaK%-KoJiK). T^M-B iieH-lle oh-b aceni* h yO-^flHxeJieB-B iHxaxe- 
JiXM'B ero KHBrH. 

Hame Bcero noHxeHBiifl aaxopi. nnxapyex-B npHirtpii 1880 rona, 
Korjia, Hxo6jbi npHHyjiHXB xypoK-B oxjjaxB HepnoropiH h TpeniH 
xeppHxopiH, npHcy^KiieHHua BifB no 6epjiHHCK0My xpaKxaxy, 6huio 
pimeHO Mcacny Poccieio h Anrjiieio (noaiKc npHMKHyjia k-b hhhii 



46 P7CCK0E BOrATGTBO. 

eme HraJiifl) saHflTb CiiHpBy h HajioxcBTL ceKsecTpib Ha xaMOseH- 
Hue Aozoflu 8Toro ropojta^ rjiaBaaro BBOSHaro nopra TypixiH, 
CymtkB'h HeMejiJieHHO noKopHjicH. Hpjawtp-h, osHaKo, ne j6^jivte^ 
Jieai*. IlepesaTB TeppHTopiio h BsecTB pe^opiiu ab% semH, coBep- 
meHHo pasjiHHHuii. Rjisi BsejieHifl pe$opMi> Majio corjiacifl cyji- 
Taaa h IZopth^ Hero BnojiH']^ jtocraTOHHO ajih nepena^H reppH- 
TopiH. JXjisl BBeAeHix pe^opMi* Beo6xo2iHiiu roTOBHOCTb H cno- 
co6hoctx> aflMHHHCTpaniH, Heo6xoflHMu roTOBHocTb H corjiaoie 
MaroiieTaacKaro HaceJieaiji. Hsi* caMofl khhfh MaKi>-Ko;ifl abct- 
Byerb ao oHeBHSHocTH, hto HesoaMoxcHo pascHHTUBaTb hh Ba to, 
HE Ha Apyroe. SHa^Hrb, neoGzojiHiio ne npocTO npHHyxcAeHie, 
a ir^Jioe saBoeeaHie, ho aaBoeBanie nero? A& Bceft TypixiH, noroiiy 
HTO BcioAy noAi* rneToii'B HeBUHocHMoft TypeuKoft aAHSHHcrpaaiH, 
B36HBaeMoe $aHaTHHecKHiiH rypKaiiH h rpyCoio TypeuKOK) coji- 
jiaTHHBOK), iKHBerb xpHCTiaHCKoe HaceneHie, ojxBHaKOBO BSUBaio- 
mee o noMome, oAHHaKOBo HM']^K)mee npaBO na coHyacTaie h 
noMomb. Bii MaKenoHlH h ApMeHin, bi> CHpia h Aji6aHiH, B% 
MeconoTaMiH b OpaKiB, iaa KpBTi^ b bi* caMOBi» KoHCTaHTBBO- 
noji^ rocnoflCTByerb rsLMt CesrpaHHHHafl TBpaHHisi, oABHaKOBO 
6e3HaAe^HaB ki> BcnpaBJieBiio npB coxpaneHiB Typemcaro BJiajiu- 
HecTBa. Bt* cyniHOCTBf b MaKi-KoJib yTBep}iaiaerb to sice caMoe 
B, KOBeHHo, HB^ero He B03pa3flji:b 6u npoTBBii coBepmeHHaro 
ynpasjiHeHiji Typemcaro napcTBai ho cb btbb'b esBHCTBeHHO bob- 
MoxHuwh BUBOKOMi. Bsii Bcero ero coHBHenui He cor;iacyeTCB 
peKOMeasyeiiafl bmi> nporpaMHa npBHyjKAeHiB TypeoKaro npaBH- 
TeJiBCTBa. Ero moxcho npHHyjiBTB ycTyoBTB FpeiiiB, Cep6iB, Bon- 
rapiB TeppBTopiB, HacejieHHbui bi> 6ojibiiiBHCTB']& rpeKaMB, cep- 
CaMB, 6oJirapaHB, ho ynpaB;iBTb btbmb TeppBTopiflMB (Kaicb h 
Bci^MB ocTajibHUMB) CKOjn»Ko*HH6yiib CHOCHO B AocToftHO ero 
npanyABTb neBOBMoxcuo. Oho ne yMi^erb h He MOJKerb ynpas- 

JIBTb CKOJIbKO HB5ym> CHOCHO B AOCTOflHO. 3tia4BT'b, He HpHHy- 

ABTbf a ynpasAHBTb Typaiio b ecTb eABHCTBeHHafl ni^ecooCpas- 
HaB nporpaMna pi&meHiB BOCTOHHaro Bonpoca. Ho ba'^cb to ■ 
noAHBMaeTCB Torb poKOBOfl Bonpocb o nacjii^ACTB^ nocjii& ||6anb- 
Horo HejioBi^ica^, KOTopuft yrpo}icaerb eBponeflcKoio Boftnoio ■ 
sacTaBJiserb Hapoau h npaBBTeabCTBa K0Jie6aTb0B nepejii> nep- 
caeKTBBoio BToro, OAHaKOy HeB36i&^Haro pi^meHis. BcjibCu moskho 
6!iijio npBHyxiBTb TypoKi* BBecTB cBocHoe ynpaBJieHie, hxi* 
AaBHo Ki> Toiiy npBHyABJiB 6u^ ho nepes'b paspymeHiemb TypuiH 
B ero ecTecTBeHBUiTb buboaomi, ji^jieyicowh HacjiiscTBa, ocTa- 
HaBJiBBaiOTCB caiiue CM-^^jiue rocyAapcTBenHue jhoah. Bib BTOBnb 
TopnitBi* yBejiib necHacTHaro Bonpoca... 

Onacenie eBponeflcKofl Boflnbi — nyacTBo snojini^ AocToftnoe, 
KOTopoe, noBBjiBHOMy, Bce Kpi^onerb b paBBBBaeTCB cpeAB npa- 

BBTeJIbCTBl B HapOAOBl* EsponU. 3tO OAHO B31» BeJIBHaflOIBX'B 

BaBOCBanifi nocjii^AHaro BpeiceBH. OhihCohho 6huio 6u nyiiaTb^ 



HOBHfl KHHTE. 47 

osBaKO, HTO dTO H7BCTB0 noM^maen* paapimeHix) BOCTOHHaro 
Bonpoca Bi» jKBSSLBiLoirh HanpaBjiesiH. HanpoTHBi* Toro, tojibko 
TOrAa, Korsa oho OKOHHaTejiBHO oKp^nHerB h noji3r^Hn» rocnoA- 
:t:TBO, AOB^psMOb eiiy h BsanMHo He onacaacb Apyn* npyra, Aep- 
.^aBU Moryxb CMi^o npHCTynHTB k'b u&iecoo6pa3BOMy pi^meHix)^ 
jkJix Bcix-h 6e3o(5HX(HOMy, AJU Bc%xi> paBHo BuroAHOiiy. He paa- 
jn^^'b, a ocBo6o)iCAeHie (BesA'^, rji'k bto bo3mo^ho)* MO^Ken* 

HBHTBCfl TOJIBKO 6e306HnHOIO H JUUL BCSxi* BUrOflHOK) KOMGHHa- 

^ieft. ToBopHMi* ^juiflBcSxii B£iroflHoioKOM6HHaixieft", noTOMy hto 
OAHO H3(^aBJieHie otb rpeBon* h onaceHift» cBA3aHHJbixi> ci> He- 
paspSniBMOCTBio BOCTo^Haro Bonpoca, cooraBJi^erb ohchb Kpyn- 
Hyx) Burojty ajia Bcefi EBponu h hjih Bci&xi> ea rocyAapcTBi h 
BapoAOBi Bi» "lacTHocTH. Emc 6ojn>niaa BuroAa— pa3BHTie ecTe- 

<;TBeHHUXl> 6oraTCTBl> BoCTOKa, HUHil HeB03IIO}iCHOe noA^ HeBOB* 
]i03KHUM<Z» pe^HMOMli. Mu B^^pHMl^f HTO EBpOHa npBJXeTl» ETh 

^TOMy JiorHHecKOMy h 6jiaropoj];HOMy p'SmeHiK), n HUHi&niHee ryMa* 
HBTapHoe jiBH^eHie bi» AnrjiiH ssBJisiercsi OAHHMib h3-i> Ba)icHuxi» 

CBMHTOMOBli BTOfl BBOJIIOI^iH. KHHPa MaK'B-KOJIfl HpeACTaBJiaeT^b 

BUOJiB^ BUjiaiomifiofl MOiieHrb yKaaaHHaro jiBHSiceHiji 6pHTaHCKaro 
oGniecTBeHHaro MH']^Hiii. Ona 3aox[yxcHBaen> nojinaro BEHiiaHifl 
fie TOJIBKO noBTOMy, HO H 6e30THOcnTeJiBHO, no 5oraTCTBy co- 
<5paHdaro MaTepBEJia, no HOBHSHi^ h'Skotopkix'b Ba^HUXi* j^aH- 
'BUTh H3ii HCTopiH Bonpoca, no B03BunieHH0My HyBCTBy, npo* 
SHKa^meiiy bck) KHHiy, KOTopyK)^ ecjiH mo^ho ynpeKHyTB 3a 

"^O aH6o, TO paSB'^ 3a H^KOTOpufi OHTHMHSMl CB OJlHOfi CTOpOHU 

H 3a H3JiHiiiHK)K) HOflOBpHTejiBHOCTB no OTHOmeHiK) Kl> TepMaHlH. 
BHHOBHa BO MHoroMi> 6HCMapK0BCKaH FepMaHifl nepejfB qeJioB-i^- 
necTBOMii, Bi> Tourb HBCJii^ H nepejii* boctohh£Imi» HejioBi^ie- 
<:TBOMib, HO 6yAymee npHHaAJie»cHTi> ne 6HCMapKOBCKofi FcpMaHia, 
« napoAHoS' H KyuBTypHoft, Ha KOTopyio HapoAu MoryrB ckotp'^tb 
<:i» AOB'£pieMi>. noKyna Morynafl t^bb :Kejii&3Haro KanaJiepa eme 
npHKpuBaerB repMaHCKyio noJiHTHxy, ho Bpeiux Hjieri* h, b^^postho, 
«ej(OJiro ^AaTB noJiHofi ^MaHCH^a^iH orB sthxii TsrocTHux'B 

3aBi&T0B'B. , 

Bo BCflKoifB cjiyqai^, KHHPy Max'B-KoJifl mosicho peKoiieHAO 
BaTB BCBKOMy ^ejiaK>meMy yncHHTB ce6i& coBpeMeHnyio }KH3hb 
BocTo^raaro Bonpoca. IIoHTeHHufi aBTopi* cA^aJTB b-b 8tomi» 
OTHomefliH OHeHB MHoro, H HHTaTeJiB He no)Kaji%erB BpeiieHH, np- 
TpaneHHaro Ha osHaKOiuieHie ch bthmi* o6'htujiCTuu'h h yBi^CH* 

^JUWh TOMOITB.' 



B. CBajnBOBCRift. BH'bHiH«fl nojnrniBa PoeeiK h noiosenie 
sHOcrpaHHHxi xepsaai. Gn6. 1807. 

Ki> co^ajii^HiiOf Mu BBKaKi He Mo^eirB CKa3aTB Toro }Ke, 

'<ITO TOJIBKO HTO CKasaJIH O MSLK-h-KoJl^^ H O KHEF^ T. K. CkEJIB- 



48 FyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

KOBCKaro. MU| no Kpaftaefl ifi^p%, HCKpeHHO co^aji^eiiib o Bpe« 
MesH, noTpaHeHHon aa npoHTceie axaxtb 660 CTpaHHaii. Mfioro, 
OHeHB HHorocrpaHHix'B H HUneio bi bbxt*, hto ne 6ujio 5u HBsi&CTao 
Ecbwh «mTaTejiiiiii» raserB. Ilpn siowhy Bce aro npHnpaBJieHO 
6ajiarypcTBOMi> jiypHoro xona, KOTopoe aBTopi» npHEHMaenb, uobh- 
AHiioiiy, aa ocTpoyMie. 

yfPoccM eej^wcodytuua^ oHa seicaerb sa 8io niaTHTB xodpom h, Tax^ saK'b pyc- 
cie ABQionaTu, 6j[aroAyuiHO naHBHiie, ne b% CHiazi conepHH^aTb ci noTOXKa-^ 
MH ViHcca, TO flBHiocB xoiTaBie A^icTBOBaTB Be sa rpe^ecjdft yM'B b cepme, a 
sa rpe^ecKifi sapiiafli. Omaoda b bosbbjuo b% Poccifl bi 1884 toaJ ^«^ 
^anie aoMknum^ d»nji0JMaflNtmec«0€ ucicyemeo aatoMOMh, HsDMi— BOpBBsa, KA&'h. 
csasaBO Bume, cocTaBiaeT'b BaasBiflniyD oTpaciB oTnycssofl rpeHecBofl 
ToproBiB, 6ojrfee bojcobbbu Bcero BHBOsa BopoieBCXBa FpettiB. KopaHsa 
otnpaBJueTca orpoimiivH Haccau b bi Abtjox), r:ji,± 6e8S bopbbeb aBrjEB^ase 
6£UH 6u jiflineBu ucTifiniaro bsi cbobxi BacjaJKA^Bifl, b6o y bbxi bo^ 
6iuo 6h bb plnm-pudding'a, bh plam-cakes, BCflBBxi Boo^n^e xpa^iaoB^ 
nux'h plums, KOTopsz'B sopBaaa rJiaBBoe ocBOBaaie. £(^186% b xpyria lo- 
cyxapCTBa, bi oco6eBBocTH Poccia, bo^xa^ib bopbbbj bb rasofi ase Bpo- 
flopuifl, Kasi asriBHase, to Fpeuia 6£ua 6u 6oraTifiniei) cxpaBofi; bi^ 
iiipb, Aoxojoi ea 6iuui 611 BeflciepnaeiiH, b bob xeppflTopia OBynaiacB 6u 
BBBorpaxBBBaMB. Jfo »ec«acmtfo, pyccne mom mdxmh Kopumm, FpesB BOo6pa^ 

3HJIB Ce6t, ^TO 3T0 flpOBCXOABTIb 0TB XailOSeBBOft BOBUBBH...^ (CTp. 325)^ 

3x0, npaBo, ne Bsrb MCxpeKosBi''... 3to nojuiHHHaB xoHnaa 
ixaxaxa h3i» ^cepBeaHofi^ KHHra o y,BH']^niHeft noJiHXBKil PocciH**^ 
cxpaHHixa, npeaBaHHaA o6cyABXB ocHOBaHia rpeKo-pyccKHXi> oxho- 
meHiflll „Hrpa Ha mapMaHKax'b ne H8Mi&HHXi» xponnnecKarp^ 
KjiHMaxa^ (cxp, 354), roBopHxi> r. CKajibKOBCKift, ocy^Knaa^aCHCCBH- 
CKyio axcneABniio BxajibflHneB'B. ^Hasi^oxHO, ixo Beci>KocxK)Mib jiblu-k 

BHyxpB A^pflKB COCXOHX% Hep^ffKO Jlflmb Hai*' OAHOft HHXKB 

Cncepa bjib MeJiKBXi> paKOBHHi>; ecna »e oni^ hocbxii nepeA- 

HBKH, XO He pa^H CXUAJIHBOCXH, a JUISI aaOXHXBl OITB KOJUOHHXIh 

pacxeHift** (cxp. 348). 3xo Jiio6eaHoe coo6ii^eHie noir^meHo; onnaKO^ 
b'b KHBr^ o BH'lmHeA nojiHXBKil PoccIhI.. Koraa coCpaJica ere- 
oexcKiA nap;iaHeHXi», xo (ne MeH-^&e jiio6e3Ho cooCnxaexrb r« 
CicajiBKOBCKifi) ,,BBi6paHHBie, KaKinonajiOi apa6Bi 6oji1let&cero xjko^ 
noxaJiH o TOMi*, qxo6Bi hmi* noaBOSHJiB chk^xb noJi^aBi Hora b 
KypaxB ipyQKH** (cxp. 350). Ohchb ocxpoyiiHo, He npaBAa«JiH? 

MOBCHO Ili^JIKTH CXpaHHIlU HOHBCaXB KBXaXBMB Bl> 8XOMI1 BKycl^,, 
npH3BaHHUMii ^O^KHBHTB** BBJIO^KeBie... BlfScXO OXCHBJieHiB HB- 

xaxeJiB HyBCxayerBy oAHaKo, xojibko CMymeaie, hxo nonajii biil 
o5mecxBO, noBBABMOMy, HeAocxaxoHHo BocoBxaHHoe. 

Ha cxp. 347 ^HxaxejiB npo^xex-B, hxo IIoJiBina norB(5jia BCJiii-^ 
cxBie xoro, hxo He aasejia y ce6fl npoxeKaioHnaHa! HBxaxeji^ 
HenoyMi^Baextb bjiboAh'^, ne anaB, Kaxi* dpbhbxb bxo cootfQeHic;, 
cepBeano bjib b-b myxKy? Buxb uoyscevh^ axo xa ^e KopBHKd^? 
A 5uxB Mo^exB B caua KopBHKa Be bi> myxKy? T'^^m'b 5oJi'6e, hx o 
BOoCme BBxopB He o^eHB ocBi&AOMJieBi» o DpeAMexaxiCBoeroBBi i- 
iiaHiB. Taxii, aa cxp. 322 coo6niaexcB, hxo sa Kpnx'fi nojiOBHHa m ^ 



HOBLIfl EHHrH. 49 

vTejiefi MycyjiBiiaHe (MeH']^e OABoft xpeTH). Ha crp. 12 roBopHTcn, 
HTO ffo PfluiejiBe (t. e. ^o XVII b.) <I»paHiiifl BauHHajia Biopo- 
creaeHHoe aojio^eHie bi> Espon'^ (co BpeiieHH pa3a']^jia MOHapxiH 
Kapjia BejiHKaro HeasMi^HHO sejiBKaa AepiKasa). Ha CTp. 15 Ph- 
mejube HasuBaercfl yrHeTatejieirB ryreHoroB-b (oHii otuajii* y hhxi> 
aoJiHTHiecicifl upHBBJieriH, ho cQ6jiiojiajvb oojiByio pe;iHrio3HyK> 
TepuHMocTB). CTp. 49 aoB^CTByearb, hto bt» peflzcxari^ (repaiaH- 
CKOMii) CTOJi&Ko ^e BparoBi» odxeAHHeHHofl HMnepia, ckojibko 
CTopoHHHKOBi> (aenpaBfla, He aacjiy^KHsaioiiiafl cepbesnaro Bospa- 
^eaifl). Ha cxp. 120 yaHaeMi^ qxo, HxaAia cosffaaa npuxomwo 
HaaojieoHa UII.. H t. a. h t. a. 

H axH npHMi^pu o6niBpHHxi> h pa3HOo6pa3Buxi» nosHaaifi 
r. CKajibKOBCKaro no BonpocaMi» coBpeMCHHofi eaponeficKoft 

HCTOpiH MO^KHO 6UJI0 6u TSLKTtCt 6e3K0He<IH0 yMH0>iCHXi>, KaKl. H 

npBM'^&pu 6ajiarypcxBa AypBoro xoHa, Buxne iiHXHpoBaHHue. K-h 
axoMy MOJKHO eme npaCaBHXb hI^ckojibko npHM'^&poBii BosBumeH* 
HOCTH B033p'£Hift aBxopa nBH'gmHefi noJiHXHKHPocciH.^ HepeHHc- 
jiHBii napxia 6o;irapcKifl, ocxpoyMHLiA anxopi* 3aM'iHaexi>:„TaR0Bu 
6ujiH napxiHf ci» KoxopuMH cJi'^AOBajio CHBxaxBCH KH)i3Ki (EaxeH« 
6eprcK0My) b HameA AHiuiOMaxiH. Ha 6n>dy o(kb napmiu npa mho- 
raxii HeAOCxaxKaxib onMuncMUCb %apHHUMb ffoMapcKtiMh nampiotnas- 
MOMz'' (cxp. 273). TaKi» Ha 6'£Ay? CaiAi* r. CKaJUbKOBCKlft Ha BcejTb 
npoxfl>iceHiB csoeA KfiarH ABABexca, OAHaKo, naxpioxoMi. cBoero 
oxenecxBa. BnpoHeifB, ^naxpioxu OBoero oxenecxBa^, naxpaBJom- 
Baiomie cbobxi> cooTeHecxBeHHBKOBi» Ha BpajKAy h HeHaBHCXB ki> 
Hy3ice3eMaaMi>, a jiioah, „HcnojiHeHHLie ropiiHaro naxpioxH3Ma'\ 
pa3yM']^exc5i, He oaho h xo »e, AaJieKo hc oaho h xo}Ke... HpBBe- 
ACHBaa xoABKO "1X0 UBxaxa MO^exi* KoaeHHO HsyMaxB CBoei> 

XIBHBHBOK) OXKpOBeHHOCXBK), HO Bann» aBXOpi> Bl> dXOMl> oxHome- 

Hia He cxi^CHsiexcfl. HejiOB']^KOJiio6ie ohi> oxxpoBenno Ha3UBaexi» 
^HeAOCToftBUM-b cxHMyjioMi>'* HOABTBRa (cxp. 254); tideu npBHecjiB 
wh Poccia oxpHuaxcAbHHe pesyAtxaxH (cxp. 255), „5hao 6u 
6e3CMKCJiieM'b b BapBapcxBOirB, aacBABCXBeHHO b HeMeAJ^ieBHO 
ocBo6oABXb a$pBKaBCKax-b pa6oB-b„ (cxp. 367); rapfl6aJibAB OKa- 
suBaexcfl ae 6oJi^e KaK-b KOHAOxbepb (naeMHUfl cojiAaxi>) a x a. 
3xa BHAaiomaiicii BOBBumeaHocxb B033p']&Hifl r. CxaaibKOBCKaro 
BMib caMBMCb OTKpoBeBHO o6bHCHflexcji Bi> DpeABCAosiB (oxp. VI): 
,)He CKpoio, Hxo OTBAeneHHUB BAea o BceoGmeMi* CAari^ a 6pax- 
cxB*^ aapoAOBiB MaAO Meaa xporaiorb a BHTepecyioxi*'*, 

JIorHKa namero aaxopa cxobxi> coBepmeaBO na ypoBHl^ bo3- 
BumeBBOCxa ero BAefl. Ha cxp. 241 obi* peaoMeBAyerb coi03'b 
cb Typuiefl, a aa cxp. 256 — nporpaMay ea pa3pyineHiaI 

Cii Haci», OAHaKO, aoboabbo a ocxpoyaiM, a yneaocxa, a bo3- 
BumeBHOCxa BAefi, a Aoraxa aaxopa ^Ba'llinBeftnoABTBKa Poccia^. 
Hxora caaa flCHu: KHara 6uAa Gu BpeAaa, ecAaOu He 6uAa 
xatcb nycxa. 

j^ 9. 0iA*j» n. 4 



50 PyCGSOE BOTATGTBO. 

mnlOHCTBO npH HanoJieoH'fc I. Bapji'E JBLjMMetcteph. nepe-* 
BOX'b 0*5 4>paHA. B. SieMfioBCKaio. Esx. EepesoBCKaio. Cn(i. 1887. 

XOTA 3T0 H3CJI'^JX0BaHie OTHOCHTCfl Kli 06jiaCTH BOeHHOft 

HCTopiH, OHO 6e8cnopHO ch BHTepecoM-B Mo^erb 6uTb npoHTCHo n 
He cneniaJiHCTOM'b. inyjii>]ieficTep'B cootoajiii BoeHHUMi mnio- 
HOMT* npH HanojieoH^ I bi> TeneHie iii&Jiaro pnxa KaMnanifl ch 
1805 no 1815 r. Bi> FepMaHiH aojito hmh ero npoHSHOCHuiocB ne 
HHane, KaKi> ci> HeroAOBaHieMi.: „der grosse Spion*^, KaKi nasu- 
BaJiB ero h^^mioj, Gujitb no HCTHHi^ bjham-b remeMii ux-b hojiko- 
BOAneBi*^ paoKpuBaa ({^paHayscKOMy BMnepaxopy caiiue saxaeH- 
Hue Hxi> njianu, npoHHKafl cb n^jibx) pasB'^AOKb bi> caiiyio 
cepeAHHy HenpiBxejiBCKHX'B apMifi. ^epsHHaHAb JXB$$eH6axb, 
nocBBXHBmifi CMy oco6oe Bscji'^AOBaHie, nonaBJism cboh naiiio- 
BhJihBhtsi aHXHnaxlHy Ha3UBaexi> ero Be;iHHadmHM3> mnioHOMtb 
Bci&xi> BpeMCHb. 3x0 xo ^3CJi']&A0BaHie h jierjio rjiaBHUM-b o6pa- 
soMii Bb ocHOBy Hacxoamefl khhth. 

IlHcaxb 6iorpa$iio xaxoro HCJXoB'^&Ka, KaKi inyjii»iieficxep'B, 
npeACxaBJKJiexii oco(5ufl saxpyweHiji, BunyxcjieHHufi no zapaKxepy 

CBOed A'^flXejIBHOCXH nOCXOHHHO M'^HAXb CBOIO ^aMHJiiio, Heyjio- 

BHMUfl Bb cBOHXi nocxoflBHUXb pa3i>i&3Aaxii H noxo^Aefliflxi*^ 

0B1» OCXaBHJIl* CpaBBHXeJIbHO MaJlO CJl'^AOB-B CBOefi A^BXejIbHOCXH 

Bi> o^^nniaJibHuxb 6yMaraxi>. Hto jkc Kacaexca co5cxBeHHux^ 
ero noKasanifl, bi> oco6eHBocxH crpynnnpoBaBHUX'b bi» Gpomiop']^ 
aHOHHMHaro asxopa, bi> Koxopoirb noA03p'£BaioTi> ero caMoro, 
H3AaHHoft Bb 1817 roAy, xo hitb, no MHi^Hiio 6iorpa$OBb, Bcero 
MeHi&e MO^HO AOB'^&pflXb. IIocji'^ naAeHiii nepBoft HMnepin lHyjib- 
Meicxepb miijvb Aocxaxo^Ho ocHOBauift onacaxbcfl MecxH npyc* 
cKaro H aBCxpificKaro npasHxe/ibcxBa h noAxacoBaJib Bb yKa- 
saHBofl 6poniiop'£ MHorie $aKX£i B3b cBoefl jkhshh. A >iCH3Hb 
dxofi A^ficxBBxejibHO 3aM'£HaxejibHoft jiBHHocxH HMi&exb CBoeo6pa3- 
HUft BHxepecb. 

Kapjirb mynbHeficxepb poahjicji Bb 1770 r. 6jiii3b Cxpac- 
Cypra na npasoiib 6epery PeflHa b 6ujib cuHOMb nacxopa. IIo 
tfcBcnopHUMb sanHCflMb oj)$BniajibHuzb AOKynenxoBb cb 1892 
no 1897 roAb lUyjibMeflcxepb 6htJi'h xoprosneMb ^eji^3HUMH 
mji^msiutk Bb cBoeMb poAHOMb cejL% a cb 1798 no 1805 r. — 
xoproBixeMb KOJioHiajibHUMH xoBapaMH h xaGaKoiib Bb Cxpac- 
6ypr£. Bb xeienie axoro speiieuH OHb saBBMajiCJi KOHTpa6aHAofi| 
peiiecJiOMb, Koxopoe npaKXBKOBaJiocb xorAa MHorHiiH 6aAeHiiaMH 
H 8Jib3acnaHH h 6ujio aobojibho npnGujibHO. MojioaoA* JioBKift 
H CM^jiufl, OBb JiBHHO nepeB03BJib xoBapu, nojibsyflCb 6jiaro- 
npiBXHUMH ycjioBinMH Pefiaa h xopomo 3HaK0M£iMb eny pacno- 
jioxcenieiib ero ifHoroHHcneHHUxb ocxpoBOBb. KorAa Hanajmcb 
j>paHi];y8CKifl Bofinti h apiiifl Mopo nepenpaBJiflJiacb nepes^ 
PefiHb oKOJio xoro iii^cxa, ta^ npo^BBajib UlyjibMeftcxepb, no- 
CJi^AHift BBjiflexcfl y^e Bi pojiH MejioHsaro xoproBaa, KaKHXib 



HOBKfl KHETE. 51 

^MHoro Bi> xBOcri Ka)Kjiofi apMin: ohi» upomBaji'h cojmaTaiCB 
BOfficy ■ Ta6aKii. B^ponTBO, TorjKa ohi* 6ujn> sau^Hewh reHepa- 
^jioii-b CoBapH, KOTopufi cTaji% nojibaoBaTBCE ero ycjiyraMH, Kaic% 
paaB'SAHHKa. Ysice cb 1800 r. ohi> HecoMBi&HHo saHHMaJioa nmioH- 
CTBoifB H HaA3opoMii 3a BMHrpaHTaMH, npoJiCHBaBinHMH Ha npa- 
BOMi> 6eper7 Pefiea. Ci» caMaro naiajia KaMnaniH 1805 r. owh 
paCoTaJii* AJifl $paHny3CKofi rjiaBHofi KBaprHpu. 

O JiOBBOCTH, HeyjiOBHMOCTH H HaxoAHHBOOTH IQyjiBMeficTepa 
cymecTByerb mhofo JiereHA%. nepe%3»cafl cb Heo6uKHOBeHHoft 
GucTpoToft rpoMaAHUfl pa3CT05iHi5r, nepeoA'^Tuft to pa3H0CHBK0irb, 
TO B-b aBCTpiflcKifl MyHAHp'B, OHi» CB060AH0 Bpamajicji Bl> aBCTpifl- 
CKofi H pyccKofi ap]ii5ixi», jcKOjihBsui'h H3i> nojCB caiiaro Hoca 
cojijiBTh H ^aBflapMOBii, uocujiaeMUXB ero apecTOBan*, e onnHib 
pa8i>, nepeoAi&Tufl aBCTpiflcKBM-B reHepa;ioMi>-EHTeHAaHTOMi>, nps- 
cyTCTBOBajiB sasKe Ha BoeHHOMi» coB'i^Ti&y na KOTopoMii npeAcfi- 
AaTejiBCTBOBajn* <[»paHm> II. IUyjn>MeftcTepi» danjiaTHjiB MEjuiioBib 

"^paHKOBB TOMy BHTeBAaHTy, BMfl H M%CT0 KOTOparO 0H1> SaHEJTB. 

O csiuowh ^aKTi^ nocTynjiefiiE ero Ha c;iy3ic6y Hanojieony cy- 
mecTBycTB cjii^Ayiomifl padCKasii. B% 1805 r. obb jihhho npeA- 
JioyKUJVb CBOH ycjiyrH EiinepaTopy. 

^KaKiE y BacB peKOMeHflaniH?** — cnpocEJii HanojieoH*.— 
„HBKaKflxi>, E caMi» ce6E peKOMeHjiyio''.— ^Bb TaKom cJiynaiK, 
E He Mory Bocnojii>30BaTBCE BamHiffl ycxyraicH^^ otb^Ithjh Hiine- 
paTopB H 0T0ineJii» 8a niBpMy. myjiBBeficTepi* MFHOBeHHO npe- 
o(5pa3BjicE: b36bjib pyxofl bojiocu, cAl&jiaji'B OAHy-jiB'6 rpsMacH 
B CTajiB coBepmeHHo ApyniMB HejioBi»KOMB. HiAaepaTopi** bliSae, 
B8i» 3a niBpifB, yBBAaji'B nepesB co6ofl HesHaKoima. ^Kto bu 
rraKofi? Hto Bawh nyECHo?** BOCxJiHKHyji'B oh-b.— „fl IIIyjiBMefi- 
<:TepB*^. nopa)iceHBi;ift TaKoft jiobkoctbio, HMnepaTop*B TOTHacb 
npBBEJi'B ero na cjiy»6y. 

IIoBEAHMOBy, ^aKTu npoB3oniEB BBa^e, H inyjiBMeficrepi 
^hui-hy Bi^poETHO, peKoiieHffOBaHB nepBOMy KOHcyjiy naBHO 3HaB- 
mHHB ero reHepajiOMT* CaBapa, KOTopoMy HaoojieoHi* nopyHBJi'B 
opraHB3aniK) mnioHCTBa na Tearpi^ boAhu. CaMUMB tpomkbitb 
A'^jiOBB lUyjiBMeftcTepa 6ujia KanBTyjismiE MaiCBa. BoAee vh 
noB'Spie MaKKa, IIIyjiBMeficTepi coBepmeHHO c6bjib ero ch TOJiKy 

JIO^flUMB fl npOTBBOpi&HBBUMB AOHeCeHlEMB O HepeflBBXCeHiEXTb 

B HaM'lpeHiExi (|)paHixy3CKofl apMin b r^Mtb He MaJio cnocoG- 
CTBOBajiB c2iaH% apMin b opyAifi MasKa^ ocaacAenHaro bi» Yjom^ 
HopoK), HTo5u 3apeK0MeHA0BaTB ce6Ey IIIyABMeftcTeptb AaBajii 
MaKKy B BilpHiiiE csi^n'^^HiE, KOTopuE onpaBAUBajiBCB, b noAy- 
HaAB 3a TO 3HaHBTejiBHUE cyifMU. PoAB lUyABMeflcTepa B nocA% 
B3ETiE YABMa He cpa3y 6uAa pacxpuTa aBCTpifinan. 

Mu He 6yAeMi> ca^abtb 3a ero AaABB^ftmeio A^ETeABBocTBio. 
Oaa npoAOA»caAacB bhaotb ao 1815 r. 

ABoflcTBeHHocTB HaTypu H A^ETeABHOCTB IIIyABMeftCTepa 

4* 



52 PyCCEOB BOrATCTBO. 

OTpaxcaeTCfl h bi» jiBoficTBeHHOM'B Ki» HeMy OTHomeHiH ero Cio^ 
rpa^oBi*. Ohi> iiBjiHeTCfl y BMX-h to asaHTiopHOTOMii, to re- 
poeiTB. M«, KoneHHOf 3HaeMi>, ^to Bofina hm^^ct'^ cboio mo- 
pam> H JiorsKy. UlyjiBiiaHii pHCKOBani ^khsblio ajis ycni^- 
zoBi» ^paHuyacKaro opy}iciii. Ho, B'^ab, paB-^e ohi* pHCKOBaJi'^ 
eio, KaK% K0HTpa6aHjiHcrB, pa^H jxenerrb. (Ohi» saHBifaJica 
KOHTpaGaHAofi H BQocjii&ACTBiB, Korsa 6biJiib 6oraTi> h ocTa- 

BHJI1> CBOK) A^flXeJIbHOCTB UpH apMis). H Bl* TOMl* H Bl> APyrOM'b 

cjiynai^, ohi> npiyMHoxcajii* cBoe cocTOflHie h noBejii> ero no mhji- 
niOHOBib. Ohi* paaopHJicfl, Korna bi> 1814 r. cgk)3Hhkh BcnoMHHJis 
lUyjibMeflcTepa h pa3rpa6HAH ero saMKH. yiiepii ohb b-i> 1853 r.^ 
uejiKmth paHTbepoMT* bi> CxpacCypr^. TaKHM-B o6pa30]ii>, a 6o- 
raTCTBO ero nomjio npaxoM'B. Ohi> ne jnodHJiii, Korjxa eroHaau-^ 
BajiH innioHOMi>, h nonii CTapocTB BejiHHajii> c^6ii OTCTaBHUMi* 
BoeHHUMi* Ha6jiK)AaTejieMi» h reHcpaJibHUMii KOMiiHccapoMib apMiE.. 
Korna Hi&Memcifl nncaTejiB Ioch$i> FeppecB bi> CBoefi CTaTii']^ 
HasBajii* ero penecjio uonnuwhy owh OTnpaBHJicfl ki> HeMy, jirjij, 
nomeHHHy h nx'h ewa poshiijih. OjiHaKo, HanojieoHi>, KaKii hh 
ufhB^s.'h ero ycjiyra, He Aajii eiiy hh oahofo opnena. ^Illapjifc, 
CKa3ajii» OHX oAHasKAu lUyjibMeftciepy, ny6jiHHHo no6jiaroAa- 
pHBi» ero 3a cjiy^6y, tu oahhi» ctoboib tx&jioH apMia; npocH| 
Hcro xoHcmt: hh bi> ieM> ne OTKaacy",— ^rocynapb, npomy 
opAeHi> IIoHeTHaro Jleriona" — „J[eHen>, ckojkbko xoiemb'* 
OTBi&THjii. HMoepaTopi*, ^opAenii — HBRorna: a Cepery ero jwa 
cBOHX'b zpa6peaoBii^ (12). A jyich na hto xpa6peuoM'B Cujrb^ 
inyjiBMeficTepi*) Be pa3i> pHCKOBaBmifl h noa% nyjisMH h nepeni* 
QepcneKTHBOfl BHci^Jiami... 



H. KapHmeB'E. Tpy^'B, ero poa h ycioBi^ npuoxeHiji vh npoHa- 
BOACTBi. Gn6. 1897 r. I^. 1. p« SO s. 

noAi> npHBeACHHUM'B 3arAaBieii'i> npo(|>. KapumeBib BunycTHA-b 

Bl* CB^Th HaCTB HIHpOKO SaAyMaHHaFO HMli Kypca nOAHTHieCKOft 

aicoHOMiH, KaKi> 8T0 BHAHO H3i> KpaTKaro npeAHCAOBifl aBTOpa. 
06Qiie HJiani h saAana btofo Kypca HMi^iorb bi* CBoefl ocHOBi^ 
cji^AyiOQiyjo mucab: y,H3y?aTB TeopeTHiecxyio dKOHOMiio noAe3Ho 
pxdoMZ (KypcHBii aBTopa) ci> Hsy^eHieM-B xo3AflcTBeHHoA 
acHSHH pa3Huxi> CTpaHi> H npeHMymecTBeHHO PoccIh: Taicb 
jierne npoBi&pflTB AeAyKTHBHJUii noAOOKenifl Teopin, H3CA'£A0BaTB 
npaKTHHecKifl hxi> npHM^HeHis h bm^^ct^ H3yHaTB Ty o6cTaHOBKy, 
cpeAH KOTopofi npoTeKaerB xosaficTBeHHaH A'^HTeABHocTB AK>Aefi". 
TaKyio pyKOBOAsmyK) mucab asTopa cji^nyerh npHdnaTB ao 
cymeCTBy npasHABHofi h HAaH'B HSAO^eHis noaroMy ir&Aecoo6pa3- 
HUHib| no Kpafiaefl if^p^, bi* o6mHxi» HepTaxi>. JIslbbo npomAO 
TO Bptusij KOFAa cAaraACfl, TaKi> cKaaaTB, ahoib caMufi octobi» 
HayKH o HapoAHOMi> xo35iflcTBl&, H HOTOMy TenepB rAaBHi^flmee 



HOBUfl KHHTH. 53 

BHHiiaHie dKOHOMBCTOB'B uoyKeTh H noJimcno 7»ce cocpenoTO'^H- 
BaTbCfl Ha HacTHOCTjixi» H oco6eHHOCTsix'fc npeAnera, Bii oco6eB« 
HOCTH aro cniiiajioch bosmo^humi* h na»ce ofiflsarejibHiurb, 6jia- 
ronapfl aacjiyraifb BCTopaHecKofl mKOJiu bi> noJiHTHHecKoft 8ko- 

HOlfiH, BUHCHBBmefi nOCJI'^AOBaTeJIBHyK) H31I']^HHBB0CTI> XOSflftCTBeH- 

Bha-h BBJieHifl H Hxi> T-llcHyio CBa3b c-h ApyrBMB, He bkohomh- 
HecBBMB, ABJieBiflMH B ycjioBlsMH oCoxecTBeHHaro pasBHTifl. IIpaBAa, 
•cymecTByion* eme jio HacTonniaro BpeMCHH nonuTKB CTporaro 

OTAi&JieHifl HHCTOft HJIH TCOpeTHHeCKOft BKOHOIfiH OTh efl BCTOplH 

H j)aKTBHecKofl njiE. npBK;iaAHofl ea nacTB. Ho nonuTKB bth 
orpaHHHHBaiOTCB o6i>iKHOB6HHO npcK^jiaHB BBCAeHifl h;ih mctoao- 
^oriB, TaKi» KaKi> cxporo BujiepxcaTb TaKoe pasAi^jieHie npeffueTa 
BBKOMy Be yjiaeTCfl. Ci* Apyroft cropoBu, pxjiowb ci> npBBHa- 

Hieilli BCTOpB'ieCKOft Bdir^HHBBOCTH X03HfiCTBeBHHX'b 5IBJieHift, 

cymecTByiOT'B, a oco6eHHO BanajiB pasBBBaTbCB aeAaBHo y Haci» 
Bi> PocciH, nonuTKB ycTaaoBJieaifl oABOCTopoaaaro Bospi^aia aa 
cymaocTb o6niecTBeBBaro pasBBTia, 6yjsto 6u bccuI^jio o6ycjiOB- 
jraaaeMaro oaaaMH BBOHouBHecKBMa $aKTopaMB bjib, hto eme 
ysce, — jiBoiii ycjioBiaiia b ({>opMaMa npoasBOACTaa a c6iiiTa. 3to 
nocji^Aaee aanpaaseaie b-b aaaiaTeJibaoft u'kp'k yusLJisitTh 3Ba- 
^eaie BCTopaKo-dKoaoaaiecicaro MeToaa, rjiaBaasi sacjiyra KOToparo 
3aiCJiK>HaeTca bo BcecTopoHaem*, )ica3HeHaoMii, a ae a6cTpaKTHoici> 
H3CJi']^flOBaBiB xo3sficTBeHBUXi» HBJieaifi, Bi> OTcyrcTBia npeABdH- 
Tuxi> Teopifl a paMOKi», B'h KOTopuB HacaxBCTBeaBO nonroaaioTCsi 
MBorocjio^Bue (|>aKTopu, ycjioBia a ^opMU oSmectBeaaaro pas- 

BBTifl... 

HaMi> Kasajiocb Beo6xonBMi>i]ii> npejinocJiaTL btb oGniia co- 
oGpa^Keaifl KpaTSK-^g pascMaTpaaaeMaro rpy^a pajia 6ojr&e mapoKofl 
B npaBBjiBBOfi ero oiiilaKa. Koae^ao, oabo aiia ero cocTaBBteJUi 
ecTB AOCTaiOHaaa rapaHxia ero AocToaacTBrB, TaKi» xaK'B npo$. 
{Capumeai* aaaaMaeTi* yjuce aaABoe m^to cpeAB pyccKaxi» bko- 
BOHBCTOBib, npeBMyn^ecTBeBBO 6JiaroAapa ero ascjii^AOBaaiaiii* 
aiieaao (^aKTBHecKax'B cxopoa'B xoasiAcTBeaaoft A^axejiBBOCTB. 
TaKOBu ero ab^ Kpynaua pa5oxu: ^BI^nao-aaoi'^ACTBeaaHft 
aacMx seiiejiB"* (1885 r.) a „KpecxBaacKia BB^-aaA^ABaua 
apeaAU^ (1892 r.), pasao KaK-B a ni^jiufl paAi* oxa'&abbbixi> 
HdCA'^^AOBaaifl, neiaxaamaxca npeaayoiecxBeBBo aa cxpaaauazi* 
aamero ^Kypaajia noAi* oCmaai* aa3BaaieMi» ^HapoAHO-xosafl- 
cxBeaauxii aadpocKoai*^. CBepxi> axoro buoijio xpa asAaaia ero 
KpaxKaro noco6ia no nojiaxBHecKofl BKoaoMia, noAi* aa3BaBieHi>: 
^SKoaoMB^iecKia 6ec*AH'*. 

PascMaxpBBaeMoe xenepB conaaeaie np. KapumeBa oxpa}icaexi> 
Ba ct6i KaiCB rjiaBB'Sflinia Aocxoaacxsa ero npeAi>BAyniaxi» pa* 
^OThj xaKii paaao a ai&Koxopue cBoftcxBeaaue aai. aeAocxaxKa. 
Upe^iCAe Bcero xaara Aopora HpesBUHafiamrB oGaAiein* ^aKxa- 
^ecKHxx Aaaauxi., oneaB ^kbbo a noJiao ajijiiocxpapyioniaxih 



54 PyCGKOB BOrATCTBO. 

poJib H ycjioBifl TpyAa, KaKi* rjiaBH%ftiziaro $aKTopa npoHs-^ 
BOACTBa. Aa^Hua btb naoTbio saHMCTBOBaHiii bb-b BumeyKasaH- 
nux'h ot;^%jibhuxi» Hscji^AOBaHifi, qacTbio npeAcraBJUiiOTOH co- 
BepmeHBO hobumh, oco6eBHo KacareJiBHO PocctH* Bcfl KBHra. 
pasii'ijiJieTcii Ha mecTB rjiaBi*, hbi* kohxb Herupe nepBux no- 
cBflmeHu BUflCHeHiio pojm n BHaHeHiio Tpysa Boo6me (rji. I)^ 
npHpoAHUMB naHH&iMi» npoH3BoncTBa H Hi^KOTopiiiM'B o6meeTBeHHo- 
npaBOBUMB ycJiOBiflMi* nojiBSOBaHifl bmh (rji. II), KoJiBHecTBy 
xpyna (rji. Ill) h cro KaiecTsy (rji. IV). FjiaBa V npejiCTaB- 
JUieTi» co(5oio cacarafi onepKi* BCTopin ocBo6o;KAeHifl Tpyjia bi> 
BBpon"^ H PocciH (nazcenie Kp^nocTHoro npasa), h nocjvkji^suk 
(Yl),— HaH6o;i%e 0(5niHpHaB — eeicjienojibsoBaHiio Boo6meH Hameii^ 
o6mHHHOiiy 3eMjieB;iaA%HiK) bi> ocoCesHOCTH. Kaxrh moskho bb- 
A%Ti> H3i> BToro KpaTKaro HB^ioyictBisi coAepxcaHin KHHrn, oHane 
BnoJini^ noAxoAarb noAi> o6uHHoe eaiajio Kypca noJiHTH^iecKoft- 
BKOHOifiB, TaKi> KaKi> Bi> Hcfi H^^Ti* o5maro BBeAenifl, MeroAO- 
jioriH H Aa»ce xota 6u o6mHxi» onpeA^^eaifl ochobhuxi» sjie- 

lieBTOBl XOBBfiCTBeHHOft A'^HTeJIbHOCTH BB pOA% DOJieSHOCTB, IXkU* 

HOCTHf KanHTaJia, ochobhuxi> tbhob'b xoanficTBa (napoAHaro b 
HacTHaro) h t. n. MexcAy rfiwh TyTi> ^e padCMarpsBaioTCii n^- 
KOTopue (5oJi%e ?acTHue Bonpocu, oTHOcsimiecii ki> xossflcTBeH- 
HHHi* npoKeccaifB — npoHSBOACTBy h OTnacTH pacnpeA^JieaiK). Bi» 

BHAyOTCyTCTBiH 06meyCTaH0BAeHH0fi CBCTeMU H3JI0^eBiH Kypca, B'h- 

TBKOWh OTCTynAeniH on* HaH6oA%e pacnpocTpaHeHHuxi o6pa3- 
UOBi» HeABBB enie bba'^^tl Kpynnaro seAOCTaTKa caMoro no ce6^; 
OAHaKO STO BO' BCflKOMB cjiyia^ jiBmaeTTi Ksary aHaHeHin xotsv 
6ii HanaJia pyxoBOACTBa bah noco6iH no noAHTHHccKofi skoho- 
Min BooGme. Ho h hsb Toro, hto HanenaTaHO; mo^kho yjice cyAHTb 
o6«B oCniBX-b B3rABAaxi» H npieiiaxi* aBTopa, ch kotopumh hcjibss^ 
BnojiH% corAacBTBCii, h hto cocTasAHerb oabhi» o6mift npacy- 
mift npo$. KapumeBy HeAocraTOKB. ByAynn npHBep:KeHneiii» 
HCTopn^ecKaro MeroAa, ohi» oco(5eHHO ycni&mHo ero npHM'^Hseri^ 

Vh H3CJli&A0BaHlflX'B ^^aKTB'VeCKOfi CTOpOHU X03flflCTBeHH0ft 

A^nTeABHOCTB, TA* BTOMy MCTOAy HO npeHMymecTBy B cyacACHO 
HTpaTL npeo6AaAaioniyio pojn». BAaroAapn CBoeMy o6mHpHOMy 
SHaxoMCTBy He toabko ci> BKOHOMH^ecKofi ABTepaTypofi, HO H< 

CO MHOrHMH nepBOHCTOHHHKaMH 0C06eHH0 CB SeilCKO-CTaTBCTB- 

HecKBMH B3CJi%A0BaHiBiiH PocciH, — npo$. KapumeBB BupadoxaAB 
oe6'^ coBepmeHHO npaBHJiBHue h b^^cko MOTHBHpoBaHHue bmb 
BsrjUAiii Ha ycAOBifl pyccicaro aapoABaro xossficTBa, npeAcraB- 
Afliomaro co6ok) bi» CHAy ocoCeHHocrefi ero HCTopBnecKaro pa3- 

BHTiH MHOrO OpHrHHaJIBHHXB HepTB, HC BHOAH^ yKAaAUBaK)mHXC5lr 

Btb o6mie-TeopeTHHecKia paMKB h ^opiiyABi pa3BBTi&. TaKB, iie^KAy 
npoHHHii, npo$. KapumeBi* HBJUieTCsi ropBHBMB ctopobhbkomi*- 
Bamefl 3eMeAbH0fi oGniBHu h apxejiBHUXB $opMi> npoEdBOACTBa,^ 



HOBHfl KHHTV. 55 

He yBJieicaeTCJi HCxyccTBeHHo Haca»cAeHHiiiifu orpacjiflHB Kpynnaro 
<|)a6pHHHaro npoHSBO^cTBa h t. n. 

Ho puRowh ci> armrB np. KapiiieBnr&,AO hbw&ctboA cTeneHH, 
MOxen» 6wrh oTHeceB'B ko Bxopoft h3% BumeHasBaaHuxi* Ka- 
Teropifl dKOHOMBCTOBi», oCjiasaB ckjiobboctbio npsicaBaTb cjuim- 
KOM-b npeoGjianaiomee sHaneBie OAHHirb hhoto aKOBOHR^ecKBm 
$aiCTopaifi» o6mecTBeBHaro pasBBTifl. 3to aaifilTB-^ge Bcero CKaau- 
BaxocB Bib ero ifajieBi>Koiri» xypc^ noJiBTBHecKofl BKOBonifl, 
KpaTKOCTB KOToporo flc onpaBAUBaerb B'&KOTOpofl ero oabocto* 

POBHOCTH Bl» TOWh OTBOmefliB, HTO BKOBOMBHeCKiji HBJieniil TaiClb 
pa3CMaTpBBaiOTCfl BH*^ BCBBOfl CBfl3H Ch lOpBSHHeCKHMH H nOJIHTB- 

HecKBMH ocBOBaifB o6mecTBeBBaro 6iaTa nycTpoAcTBa. Saorcyr^* 
CTBieifB Bi* paacMaTpBBaeMoft khhi^ o6maro BBeAenifl, cyjiBTB 
06% ocHOBHUzi BBTJum&S'h efl aBTopa npHxoAHTcx, rjiaBHumb 
o6pa3oin», no nepBod (xeopeTBHecKofl) tjislb^ a sari^irb b no ni- 
KOTopuifB qacTBUMi* Bonpocaii%. TaKi. yxce caMoe o6mee onpe- 

S'SjieBie Z03flftCTBeHB0fl A^^HreJIBBOCTH aBTOpi CBOAHTI* Klb ynoB- 

jieTBopeHiio HCKJiiOHBTejibHo uarepisLSbKax'b noxpedHOcrefl bjih 
BHTepecoBi>; nexcAy rkwh juonn TpymaTCJi a pa5oTaiorb BecoM« 

7&BHO H AJIfl TOrOy HTO0JbI ySOBJieTBOpflTB B Apyrifl CBOK 

noTpe6HOCTfl, T.-e. He tojibko MaTepiam>Hi]»i. Bi» cbash cb btbwb 
o6Hapy»HBaeTCH h cJiHcnicou'b ysKoe MaTepiajiHCTnqecKoe onpe- 
;i'^jieHie otjibiIa npoBSBOSBxeJiBHaro xpy^a oxi> HenpoH3BOflH« 
xejiBaaro (§§ 4 h 5). Tyrb aaxopi* cxporo npHAepicHBaexai 
oAHoro H3*b caifuxib cxapuxi onpeni^jieHift npossBoiiHTejibHaro 
Tpy^a, AaHHaro erne A a. Cmhxomi», ho aar^M'b aaaHExejiBHO pacma- 
peaaaro nocji^AyioniHMa dKoaoMacxaMa. TaKOBUMib npH3Haexca 
TOjiBKo xpym, Bii pesyjiBxax^ Koxoparo nojiyqaioxca aoB&ia 
peaJibBu^ iCi^BaooxH, yaejiaHaaaionxiii o6myK) cyiiMy Bapoiiaaro 
6oraxcTBa; npa Bxoirb nocji^aaee noaaiiaexcii onaxB xaica b% 
8XOMB 3ice cJiamKOMB y3KOMi> If axepiajubHOATb CMUcJiil. IIpHBosfl a%- 
CKOJIBKO ccuaoKB Ha onpejii&JieHiji npoH3BOAHTejibHaro xpyna pa3* 
auMB BfcoHOMBCTaHB, aBxopB yiiajiHHBaexi* o BSiB6oji^e cepbesHomb 
npoxBBaarfiA. CMHxa, a HHeaaoo ^p. J[Hcr£;H JiambBB noACxpoH- 
HOMi* npHirfiHaHiB, 6e3ib ynoHaaaaiB ero HMeaa, yKasuaaexai, 6e3'b 
BCflKflXB Bnpo'TeM'b onpoBepsKeaifi, aa noAM-^Heaaua bxhmb y^e- 
auMB npoxHBop^Hiii a aenoc/i'^AOBaxejibHocxby B&ixeKaiomifl a3% 
KJiacca<S)HKauiH aaAOBTb xpyjxa y A. Cnaxa, a aMeaao, hxo ^A^* 
Jiaxe/ib cKpanoBi* flOJi^eaB cnaxaxbcn npoH3BOABxe;ibauMii pa- 
6oxHaBoin», a cxpanaHB — aenpoaaaoAHxejibauMi*; Bocnaxaxejib 
oxaooBxca ko axopoft Kaxeropia, a oxKapMJiasaiOQiid cBaaefl — K'b 
nepBoft; span-b ko sxopofi, a anxeKapb ki> nepaofi a x. a." 
{en. 13). Hacjio TaKaxo* npaMi^poBB mo^bo yaejiaiaxb nyxb ae 
AO 6e3KOHeHaocxa, noAOBCBM-b, npa3aaBa5i xpyAB Kyxapicn apo- 
a8B0ABTeJibauM*b, noxoay hxo oaa nepepaCaxuaaerb cupoft iia- 
xepiajii Bi> roxoBuft aab noxpe6jieBia npoAyKxi, a xpyAB rop- 



56 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

HH^Hofi — w^Th. A ueTKRj T^wh H Ta, H flpyraa cyxB npscjiyrH, 
TpyjTb KOTopuxii Boo6aie npHSHaeTcn HenpoBSBonBTejiBHuirb. Hy, 
a ecjiB BSflTb, HanpBif^pi*, npaneniHoe aaBejieaie hoih 6aHH, b% 
KOTopuxi» saHBTU B HecoMHi&BO paCoTaiorb MHoro BaeiiHUxi 
;iBni>, X0T5I H He npBCJiyrb, to Kyna bxi> npa^BCJiBTb? 

Bli CTaTBCTBK'^ OHB COCTaBJIBIOn> AOBOJIBHO 06lIfBpHUfl KJiaCCl* 

jiBm>, oTHOCBMufi Ki* n^Jioik oTpacjifl aaHBTifi „no oGesne'veHiio 
^HCTOTu T^jia. H OA^yKRU^f B zoTH 8Ta y^HBCToxa^^ He ecTb peajii»- 
Hufi npoflyKTi., MYBeJiBHHBaiomifi cyiiiiy HapoAHaro OoraxcTBa...**, 
OAHaKO, oneBb BAyKnoe ycjioBie cymecTBOBaHisi nejioBi&Ka. Ha 

8TO y aBTOpa, KOHeiHO, HaftfleiCB OTB']&T'b, ^TO BTO CCTB ,,nocTaB- 

jieaie cuporo narepiajia, opyAifl bjih $a6pflKaT0Bi» (t. e. Boo6ine 
pa3JiBHHUXi» npej|MeTOBi>), b'b ycjioBi5rf npa Koropuxi* Bamjia 6u 
ce6i& npBM^Henie ero noTpe6BTeni>Haji ctobhoctb* (crp. 19). 
IIpaBAa, 8TO OTBOCHTCff He ICE BToiffy npBMi^py, a jixsr nosBeAeHiii 
nojii* noHBTie npoB3BOjiBTejibHaro rpyna Toro, KOTopufi nanpaB- 
jiBCTCB „Ha flocxaBKy fl coxpaHCHie", t. c. Tpyni» ToproBiieBi>, 
npBKaa^BKOB'B h t. n. Ho B-^nB bi> peayjibTar^ v raxoro rpyjia 

B^Th COSAaBiBHOBHX'B peaJIbBUXT>U'%HHOCTefi... BuxoAaHSiinpoTH- 

Bop^«iifl aejiLSB naflTH h bi* tomi*, ecjiB CHHraTb npoBSBOABrejib- 
mawh ipYJi'h Tom>KO $H3BHecKifi bjib cocTaBJi5rfoaiift npoMucJiOBoe 
8aH5iTie, iCB KOTopoMy, ojiHaKO, TpynBo OTHecTH JiBHHyio npHCJiyry 
H T. m. BuBojih oTCDjia OKHH'B — HTO TaKOFo pi&sKaro paarpaHH^eHifl 
BO KanecTsy b HanpaBJieaiio Tpyna jionycxaTb Be cjiilflyerb. Ho 
6ujio 6u npaBHJibHi&e cxaBHTb Bonpocb rojibxo Ba oTHocHTejib- 

HyiO KOJIBHeCTBeHByiO TOHKy Sp^HlB B nOTOMy CHBTaTb HenpoHS- 

BOjiBTejibHUMrb sjiB HapojiHaro xoasrficTBa Tpyni>, Banpairfip'bf 
HSJiHiDHe cojiep»cBMofi npBCJiym, npesni^pHaro KOJiH^iecTBa iiysu- 
KaHTOB-b, HBHOBHBKOB'b B T. H. Bi> jcpyroFo pojKa npoTHBop'^Hte 
aBTOpi> Bnajiaerb cairb cb co6oio Bib npexpacHot CBoeft r;iaB'£ 
o SHa^eniB dAH npoussodumeAtHOcmu pa6omu He TOJibKo TexBBHe* 
CKaro BJIB npo4^eccioHaJibHaro o6pa30BaBiB, ho h oCmaro, Aa>iee 
npocTofl rpaMOTHocTB. Ho ecjiH Bce bto raKi, to Bi&Ab h Tpyiii> 

BCeB03M0SHI>IXli yHBTeJieft npHBOJlBTb TOXCe Krb npOBSBOflHTeJIb- 

BUUT» pesyjibTaraMi*; OAHaxo yHBTOJisi, no KjiaccH$HKaixlH asTopa, 

Be AOJI^HU 6HTb CHBTaeifbl npOB3BOJlBTe;ibBUMB pa60THHKa]fH, 

xoTB, KOHeHHO,BMi>, KAich B MHorHifb jxpyrBMi> npescTaBHTeiUMi* 
TpyAa HenpoHBBOffBTeJibHaro (bi» stomi^ jsKowh ifaxepiaJibHOBTb 
CMbicji']^), Be OTKadUBaeTCB bt* opflSHaHiB bxi» rpyna o^eHb no- 
jiesHUM-b H fla»ce BeoCxoABMUiiii ajih o6mecTBa, a CTajio 6biTb 
H TLJisi HapoABaro xossficTBa. 

CrpeMJieHie asTopa cTaBBTb Bd& Bonpocu Ha Taxyio Marepia- 

JIHCTHHCCKyiO HOHBy, C^HTaCMyiO BMT. 3a 1BCT0 8KOHOMBHeCK3rK)$ 

npBBOflHTii ero ki. jxpyroro po«a HaTflxcxairb h HapynieHi5i]fi> 
CBCTeiiaTHiHOCTB B3X0xceHifl npejiiieTa. Taxii Bonpocrb o6ii hcto- 
meBia CBJn> pa6o<iBXi> npeiii^pHofl nponoJi^KHxenbHOCTbio $a6pHH- 



HOBVfl RHVfE. 57 

«ofi pa6oTu paaciiaTpHBaeTCH bt> rjiaB% IT- ft Ha pujiy co bccbos- 

3I03KHUMH JC^^ftCTBHTeJIBHO ,,npHpOilH£l]iH*' yCJIOBlSIMH npHJIOSCeHifl 

Tpyjia, KaK'fc-To: MeTeopojiorHHecRHyH, KjnrMaTHHecKBricn, reorpa- 
^BHecKBifH, Tonorpa$HHecKHMH H T. n. Pa3yir£eTC0, cnjiu pa6oHHxi» 
MoryTi> HCToraaxbca, noTOiiy ixo J^;Ia hhx'b cymecTsyerB hhcto 
-eoTecTBCHHHfl npen'feji'L; ho HapymeHie ero cctb peayjiBxarb 

H3BilCTHIiIXl» COniaJIBHO-8KOHOMHHeCKHXl» OTHOmeHifi H 6T> HaCT- 

BocTH npeHMymecTBeHHO KanHTaJiHCTH^ecKBX'b $opMii h ycjionift 
npoHSBOACTBa. 3th uocjibJiBisi BU3HBaion>. y ^a6pHKaHTOB'fc 
CTpeMJienie ki* bo3mo)kho 6oJi%e nponojiacHTejibHofl pa6oTi& h 
jiemeBofl nosynKi^ Tpysa paGoHBxrb; bto BWh h ysaercfl 6xaro- 

JiapB KOHKyppeHHlH pa60'7HXl> H OCOGeHHOCTflli'B npOffa^H pSL60ThL^ 

xaKi> TOBapa, BUHysKsaioaiBM'B pa6oHHXi> corjiamaTBCfl Ha bccbos- 
ifOSECHusi TffxcidH ycJioBiff Hafkiia. Sarbwh^ Torb-»ce BonpocB CHona 
pasciiaTpBBaeTCB, ho y3Ke bii rjian^ IV-fi, nocBflmeHHoft BUHCHeniio 
ycjiOBid, BJii5iK)niBXT> na ^KanecTBO Tpyjia'', bi» tomi> ^mcni o 
^JiaronpisTHOiiii BJiiiiHiH na npoB3BOflHTejn»HOCTB Tpyjia coKpa- 
meHifl paGoHaro jkh9. IIoBTOMy oapih'b ni^jiBHufi Bonpocrb pa36H«' 
BaeTcii Ha nsa; a Mexcny t^wh Tasi*, KaKi> ohi> B03HHKaerb h 
pasp-^^maeTCH Bib Ai^ficTBHTeJii>HOfl ^h3HB, oht» HMi^erB MHoro 
«nie H npyTHX'B cTopoHi* H npH ToiTb He TOJibBo ^iHCTO MarepiaJib- 

HUXB. TaK'b, OH'B HM'^eT'B HenOCpejlCTBeHHyiO CBSSb Cl» BeJIHHH- 

Hofl B03Harpa^x(eHifl 3a TpyAi>, -^ sBaHHTT*, k'b nexy npHsercfl 
«03BpanxaTz»CH eiae pa3i» wb yieBin o pacnpeA^jieHiH noxonoBi* 
m B'h HacTHOcTH cooTHemcHiH sapaGoTHofi njiaru h hphGujih. 
H, HaKOHcm, TyT'B nnerB pi&HB o6i> oGesneHeniB pa60HHMi» 
BooCme Gojii^e cooxB^TCTByiomaro hx-b lejioBi&HecKOMy soctohh- 
CTBy nojiosiceHia, b-b tom-b iBCji-fe GoJiBmaro jiocyra, hcoOxohh- 
jfaro.KaK'B jvin o6niaro hxb pa3BHTiH B00(5nie, TaxB h juia nojiy- 
HCHiii neoGxojiBifaro 06pa30BaHiH, b^b oco6eHHOCTH ajiji najio h 
iHecoBepnieHHOJii^THHX'B paGo^HXB. 

A B'iflB BTO Bce ixi&Jiv, o6e3ne^BBaeM£iff npH noiioniB t^&xb 

BJIH HHUXB BKOHOlffHHeCKBX'B CpCACTBli, TOfi HJIH HHOfi OpraHH3a- 
HiH X039flCTBa, COOTB^TCTBeHHUXl» SaKOHOJiaTejIBCTBl, KaKB 

pe3yjiBTaTa 6opb6iiI HecoMH']&HHO accoHoiiH^fecKHX'B BHTepecoBi 

CB OAHOft CTOpOHU H BlT^HiaTejIBCTBa rOCyjiapCTBa, KaKB CHJIH, 

upoTHBonoTiaraeMofi Top)KecTBy chjiu KanHTajia cb Apyrofi. BorB 
dTOMy-TO nocjii&jiHeiiy Bonpocy wb paaciiaTpHBaeMoft khhf^ Boo6nie 
He npHffaeTCH jiQCTaTOHHaro 3Ha^eHi5r, a TaiiB, rjs,^ HjierB p^^h 

^O BJliffHlH ^aKTOpOBli lOpHAHHeCKHXli H HOJIHTHHeCKHX^B, OHH COBep- 

meHBO KaKB-Cu OTCTynaiorB na BTopoft njiaHB h onBTB-TaKB cb 
HapymenieMB cHCTeuu H3Jio»eHifl. 

TaxB BB Tofl ^e 11- ft rjianil, na pBAy c% BumeynoMBHyTuiiH 
,,npRpojiHU]iH^' ycjioBisMHf ecTB naparpa({>B, nocBflmeHHufl pac- 
npejii&jieHiio seMejiBBUXii y^acTKOs'B. CaMB no ceG'^ btotb napa- 
)rpa$B ecTB ohchb o6cTOflTeJiBHoe craTHCTHHecKoe B3o6pa^eHie 



58 pyccsox BOfATcrBo. 

$OpMl» H pSLBU^pOB'h noaeHeJIBHOfi C06CTBeBUOCTH B'b pa3HUXl» 

cTpaHaxi», mo eoTb eecoMHilHHo nponyKrb secBMa pasjiHHHUxi. 

tUlOBUX'h, lOpHflHHeCKHX'B H nOJIHTH^eCKHXli yCJIOBifi HCTOpH^ie* 

CKaro pasBHTifl. Ho btotb onepKi* ee HaxoAHTca fb npfliioft cbssb 
ci» nocji^jiyiomHM'B HBJioxceHieiii*, noToiiy hto to^bko bi» V-fi r;iaBi& 
ninsLercn H3Jio)iceBle naneHin Kp%nocTHoro npasa, a VI-si rjiaBa 
nocBflmeHa aeiuienojiBSOBaBiio. IIocJii&AHee naxonmcsi B-h neco* 
iiHilHHofi CB5I3H CB pacnpeA^jieHieMi» seiiejibHoft coGcTBeHaocTH 

H FB TO ^e BpeMfl -eCTB HeC0BfH']&HHO BOnpOCB, OTHOCiaEml&CSI 7»e 

Ki» Tofi HJiH HHoft opraHHsaaiH xosflflcTBa, T. e. cnoco6airB^ 
npoH3BOACTBa H BHflaiii* npcAnpiflTift. Bjiarojiapa :Ke npEHJiTofr 

aBTOpOM'B CHCXeMiif nXl> CeJIBCKOXOSilfiCTBeHHUfl $OpMU H BEAU 

coBepmeHHo oTpi&aaHu h otb o6maro yneHifl o npennpiarisix'B, m 
OTB ToproBO*npoiiuinjieHHUX'B hxi* bhjiobb. 

B'h TaKOMB-»ce poA^ saii^HaHisi mo^bo cuinsLTh h othocb- 
rejiBHo Hepe3i> lyp'B pacmnpeHHofi rjiasu in-fi, nocBsimeHHoft 
^KOJiHiecTBy Tpyna". Tyxi* onesB nonpo6HO HBJiaraeTCB to, hto 
o6uKHOBeHHo cocTaB^fleTi* coAepxaeie npHKJiaAHofi HacxH Kypca 
cxaTHCTHKH, a HiieHHo: cocTaBi» HacejieHiii no nojiy, Boapacxy, 
aaHiiTiiiMi*, po}iCAaeMOCTB, CMepTHOCTB, Goji'iaHeHHOCTB h saxce 
HecHacTHue cjiynan na paCoxi^. IIocjii&AHic paBCMarpHBaiOTCff 
Ch TOHKH api&flifl coKpameHifl hmh paGoneft chjiu; ho, eecoiiHi&HHO, 
BonpocB 8TOTB BU^evh FJiaBH-^^fimee 3Ha«ieHle cb cobcI^mb HHOft 
TOHKB apilHisi, a HiieHHo, bo nepBuxBf Kaxi* peayjiBrarB h3b%ct- 
Hux'B ycjioBifi npoH3BoncTBa^ a bo btopux'b, b eme 6oJi%e, ci> 
TOHKH api^Hifl OTB^TCTBeHHocTH aa BTo npeAnpBHHuaTejiefi b o6e3- 
neneHiB sKeprsB necHacTHux'B c;iyHaeBi> bi* $opBf% cootb^tct- 
Beaflaro crpaxoBaaiB b b'b CBsaa cb ApyrBBB ero BBflaMB (on» 

BpeMeBHUX'B 6on%3Beft, CTapOCTB B BHBaJIBABOCTB). 

IIpBBeAeBHUMB npBM^paMB uu B orpaHBHBBaeMi* CBOB aaiii^* 

HaHlB, KOTOpHB BC% BOHTB OTHOCBTCB Kl» CBCTeiii^ KypCa, eCJIB 

npBBBMaTB KHBry, KaKi» HacTB TaxoBoro. Ecjib xce OTpi^mBTBOi 

OTli TaKOfi TOHKB ap^Hifl flJIB OIX^BKB BBHrB, TO 3HaHeHie BXTfr 

B^ 3HaHflTejiBBofi cteneHB aojiskbo yifeHBinBTBCB, raxB Kax'B, 
BBBxaB B'h OTA^BHOCTB, KHBFa Bxa npeACiaBJiBeTB co6oft OieHB 
ir^HHHft BKJiafli* B'h Bamy BKOBOMBiecxyio JiBTeparypy; b 6jiaro- 
AapB 6oraTCTBy cb ^aKTBHecxaro coAepBcaniB, es HTeaie aojixcho 
6uTB npB3HaBo BecBua noJieaHUMB una jibitBi 8BaK0M&ixi» cb 

06niBBB OCHOBaMB nOJIBTBHeCKOft aXOHOMiB, nOTOBy HTO B'B OCmBX'B 

Kypcaxi» dTOfi BayxB oGuKBOBeBHo He otboabtcb AocxaioHBoro 
iii&CTa AJiB BdjioBceBlB BCBaneBHuxB npaxTBHecKflxit AaHHUx'B 
xoaBficTBeHHofi fli^BTejiBHOCTB. CA'^JiaHHUMB 3X6 BaMB aaii^HaaiBMB: 

BIli^JIOCB B1» BBAy HC CTOJIBKO BUpadBTB COBCaJI^HiC O H^KOTO- 
PUXB HeAOCTaTKaXl», CKOJIBKO no B03M0BCH0CTB HOBJliBTB Ha 

ycTpaHenie bxb xopBB bjib npn^iBHu bi» npOAonBceniB atoft 
HpeaBUHaftBO noHreHHofi paGoTu, HaAo tojibko ixeJiaTB r 



HOBUfl KHEFH. 5d 

BaA^flTbCfl Ha TO, HTo6u HEMiipeHie aBTopa paspaGoraTB bcI^ 
OTA^^jiH HajKH ocymecTBHJiocb ch Toft-}Ke TmarejiBHocTbK) h ao6- 
pocoBi&crHOCTBio,icaKi» BTO jytct CA^jiano bi» nacTOiimeMi* BunyoK^.. 



HOBMfl KHHTH, nOCTynHBIOlfl B^Bpe^aKI^K)^ 

HMKOsaft K>pobokU[. HxeaiHCTB. Pomehi bi S-xi nacTflxi. M. 97. 
H 1 p. 25 K. 

Se^oiTb OajiBKOBOKlft. BecexHe aBjKH h xpyne MaieHBsie pa»-. 
cxasH. HsA. 3. K. MaoBCsaro. Gn6. 97. I^. 1 p. 25 s. 

cnpHaKiBrb*. J[HTepaTypBHfi c5opHHK% Bi noibsy specTapium b 
ixmeBEaafb cnoco6HOCTH s% Tpyxy apT^ciOBrb h hxi ceMeflcxBi. Hax* A^ 
rapHHi-BEHAHHrb. M. 97. I^. 3 p. 50 k. 

OnepKH H saM^TKH. M. K— oft. M. 97. H- 1 p. 

H. M. PaAei^Klfi. E^ 6opB6i H cB^Tj. 1. caMoy6iftcTBi. 2. Gthzo^ 
TBopesia. 0;(ecca. 97. II. 15 s. 

ILodTb HBi Hapoxa H. G. Hhbhthhi. GocTaBieHO 8. KHOJiHHOKOft. 
M. 97. 

O. A. BearepoBrb. KpHTHKo-tfiorpa4|»HHecsift cioBapB pyccanxi imca-s 
Tejeft H y^eBBXi. (Ori na^aia pyccsoft otfpasoBaHHOCTH ao Eamnxi xHOft)^ 
T. V. I^ naTH TOMOBi 15 p. 

no noBoxy BOiosBHifl rpai^a J[. H. ToiCTOio B'b ero co^Heniaxi: «&& 
^ewb Koa Btpa» h «Ri Bonpocy o cBo5oxi boih». ^i saiiiTKH. n. T. 
AerTHpeBa. M. 98. o;. 10 s. 

AAOJiBorb FaonapH. HcTopia HTaiBaHcaoil iHTeparyps. T. U-ft. 
HTaiBflHCKaa jraiepaxypa anoxH Bosposxenia. IlepeBOx'B E. BaibicoHTa. Hsx<^ 
S. T. GoxxaTeEKOBa. M. 97. I^. 3 p. 

BceofiJAaa ncTopia ci lY CToi^iia xo Hamero BpeiieHH. GocxaBieH^ 
Boxi pysoBoxcTBOMi 8pHeoTa* JlaBHOoa h AjiBopeAa PbmOo. Toin. 
TpeTiJt. 06pa80BaHie 6oiBnrax'B rocyxapcTBi. 1270^1492. BepeBOX's B. He-^ 
Bixo|iCKaro. Hsx- K. T. GojxaTeHsoBa. M. 97.JI. 3 p. 

Cepr'bft lUyMaKOBi». TBopcsie asTu. Bun. n. Akth 1649—1761 rr^ 

HSX- TBOpCKOfl YveHOft ApXUBHOft KOMMHCCIH. TBepB. 97. II,. 2 p. 

y^edHEKi pyccsoft HCTopia. BjteaeHTapHHff sypci, xia m Biacca raa* 
HaaiH H peaiLHBXi y^HiHim. GocTaBsn M..OoTX>oropoKlft. Hsx- BTopoe^ 
Gn6. 97. II. 60 k. 

n. H. Meooaxx>mi». ^aHJUHxila— rocyxapcTBO hie pyccaaa oapaiiHa^ 
SHa^eHie oco^hxi ynpesxeHift ^BHiaHxcsoft ospaHHH Pocciftcsoft HiniepiH^ 
Cn6. 97. 

COopHHKrb Bi naHaTB AiescaHxpa Gepa4»HM0BHHa raAHesaro. H8x< 
HHser. y^eHoft ApxHBHoft Eomhccui. HHSHift. 97. 

H. M. repeHmTeftH*!*. Poib nydiHAHCTa. Gn6. 97. 

Bro-»e. HapoxHoe oCpasoBaHie. Gn6. 97. 

MaTopiaiH aul xapaaTepHCTiicH coBpeiieHHiixi iHrepaTypHiirB HpaaoBV 
Chm^bpcki. 97. 



«0 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

n. C. MHJIJIB. CHCTena lOrHRH CHUOrHCTH^eCKOfi H HHXySTHBHOt. 

IIepeB03;i> ci aHmftcsaro hoai *pej(. B. H. HBanoBcjcaro. KnHra sTopafl. 
Hs;^. Mar. «RHHJSHoe a^o*. M. 97. IIoah. q. 3 p. 

8. A. AHjnipeo'B. HexocTaTSs p'i^H h 6opb6a npoTHB'B hex's bi ceicBi 
H niRorib. Obht'b pysoBOXCTBa ffiK poxHrejeft n BOCBHTaTOieft. KpoHniTaxTB. 
97. a. 1 p. 75 E. 

H. H. TesHKOBii, seMcsift caHHrapHHft Bpa^i. 3eMCKafl iiexHmiHa, 
8a6oji'&BaeKOCTB h cnepTHocTB HaceiOHiji b% EiHcaBeTrpaxcRoicb yisxi^ 
(XepcoHCKOfl ry6.) bx 1896 roxy. BLax. EiHcaBeTrpaxcKaro YisxHaro 3eiiCTBa. 

ryoTaBi» niMOjiJiepi». Haysa o HapoxHom xoMfieTBi, es npex- 
MBT'B H neTOA'B. IIopeBoxi E. KoTJupoBCftOfl. Hsx* M. H G. Ga^amHHBOBmn*. 
M. 97. It. 50 B. 

JH^moBTh KenBorb HHrp8iii». HcTopiA noiHTHHecsofi dsonoiiiH. Hsx. 
BTopoe. nepeBoxi Ai. MHSiameBCKaro. Hsx. K. T. CoixaxeHKOBa. M. 97. 
U;. 1 p. 50 K. 

OpHTlCKPnb HaHoeHrb. CpexH iBxa h ho^h. IlepeBox^ cb hopbos- 
^icaro B. CeiieHOBa. Hsx. n. n. CofisHHa (^IIojesHaji 6H6iioTesa^). Cii6. 97. 
H. 50 s. 

Ji^sL ^TOHifl B'b msoiax'B H xoMa. Hapoxu h npoMucni PocciH. Hsx. K 
H. TflxoMHpoBa. M. 97. O;. 25 k. 

iiepBOHaqaxLHafl reorpa<j|>iA cb sapTHHaira. GocxaBHia M. T. HpomeB- 
t5Kafl. M. 97. H;. 80 E. 

HcTopiA seiuH. npo(|». M. HeftMaftpa. .nepeBOxi Hex's o6ine}o pex. 
lipo(|>. A. A. HHOcxpaHueBa. BimycKH 3—4, 5—6, 7—8 h 9—10. Hsx. T-aa 
^UpocB-l^nieHie*'. Gn6. 97. I^. ho HOXHECst (30 b.) 11 p. Otx. bhh. ho 50 s. 

^FSHB pacTOHifi. nonyjiflpmiA 6ecixK FpaHT^B-AJureBa. Hsx* Mar. 
„KflHaHoe i*io". M. 97- IJ. 60 k. 

HcTopifl ajOETpHHecTBa. O^epsH Hb. CBATOKaro. Hsx- H. n. 
OoflBHHa. («noJi. Bh6j[.>). Gn6. 97. EC. 50 e. 

PasBexoffie EopMOBuxi TpaB-B na hoixxi. GocTaBHXB arpoHOirB K. jQjMH- 
TpieBrb. Hsx. K. H. THxoMHpoBa. M. 97. H. 20 s. 

B. KyKib. UpasTH^ecBift xosuHH'B-nTHueBox'B, hih EaE'B cxtiaTB HTn^e- 
soxcTBO xoxoxHinTL. IlepoB. JI. KojuoHTafi pox% pex. H. H A6o3HHa. Hsx. 
E. H. THXOHHpoBa. M. 97. H;. 45 e. 

ArpoH. K. AMHTpleBii. 06% yxo6peHiH hotou hsboctbe). Hsx* K. H. 
T^xoMHpoBa. M. 97. IJ. 10 e, 

JI. E. XaH'B-AroB'B. O^epEi iiacio6oftHaro npoHSBOxcTBa. Hsx. K. 
£. THxoKHpoBa. M. 97. H;. 15 b. 

K. H. TyMOKlft. Jli^cHiie hpomucih. ^o^HBanie shbhuh, cipu, 
^BHHHxapa, EaHB4>oiH h Bapa. Hsx. B- H. THXOnHpoBa. H. 97. H;. 15 b. 

TypEecTaHi. Ho xopor^ ei TypEecTany, saBoeBBHie TypBecTana, seme- 
X^e Bi TypEecTBHi^: pncb h xiohoei h BaBi hxi BOSx^jraBaDTi. Hsx. B* 
H. THxoMHpoBa. M. 97. H;. 5 e. 

Ox^eTlb X'i^TexbHOCTH BioBCEaro o6n(ecTBa rpaMOTHOCTH sa 1896 r. 
KiOBi. 97. 

OTHerrb o x^atoibhocth nepBofl nyxcBoft BOCEpecHoff iheoxh sa 
BpeMA OTi 9 $eBp. no 4 Man 1897 r. KieBi. 97. 

KaTBJior'B EcceHTyECBofi 6H6jiioTeBH, OTHeTTt no ycTpoficTBy pasHnncB 
:yHpesxeHifi, npRHaxiesaniiHX'B HocbTHieiflii^ EcceHTyBCEofi rpynnH h EpaT- 

«ijl CBtX^Hifl HSl HCTOpiH BaBBaSCEHXl MHHepaJBHHX'b BOXl. M. 97. 



HOB£U[ jemarn. 61 

Ot^OTB o6]iiecTBa noneHenuL o Ha^ai&Hom o^paaoBaHiH B'b r. Tomcs'& 
sa 1896 r. Tomcki. 97. 

OOaopi* x^flT&iBBOCTH MBHHCTepcTBa seicjiexiiifl H rocyxapcTBeHHHX'k 
Hvy^ecTBi sa Tpeiifl roxi ero cymecTBOBaHifl. Cn6. 97. 

CTaTHCTB^ecKii cOopHHKrb no flpocjaBCsofi ry6epBlH sa 1897 roj^i. 
Bhjv. 1. Bhah sa yposaft u'&6ob'b h TpaB-B. Fox'b nepBufl. flpociaBiL. 97. 

COopHHKii CTaiefi no BonpocaM'B, OTHOCJuitviica s'b shshh pyccsHX'K 
H HHOCTpaHHUx'b TopoAOBi. Buu. Y. M. 97. 

MaTeplajiu ki oi^i^HBi seiieiB HHseropoxcKoft ry6epBiH. 3sohomh- 
HOCBaa ^acTB. Bun. II. JlysoaHOBcsifi ytexi. On^rb U h npHJoseniji. Hax- 
Hsser. Ty6. 3eMCTBa. HnsBifi. 97. 1(. 1 p. 50 b. 

Bb^d(U Ha yx>oataft bi IIoiTaBcsoft ry6. b% 1897 roxy. IIo coo6nie« 
HiaM'b KoppecnoHxeHTOBi noiTaBCKaro CTaTHCiHiecKaro 6K)po. IXoixaBa. 97. 

Bh AKi Ha ypoasaft xjii&6oBi h xpaBi b'b HsxeropoxcKoil ry6. b'b 
sonny uona 1897 foa'b. Hsx- Hnser. ry6. seMCTBa. HnsHid-HoBropoAB. 97. 

£[3CJi'b;n;0BaHle specTBAHCKaro csoTOBoxcTBa bb CapaTOBCEofi ry6.^ 
nponsBexennoe B'B 1895 roxy- T. Il-oft. Hsx. Capai. ry6. SeiiCTBa. Capa-* 

TOB-B. 97, 

O03op% ceiBCKaro xosnfiCTBa B'B IIojTaBCBofi ry6. sa 1896 rox%, no 
coodn^eninii'B KoppecnonxenTOB'B. IIojiTaBa. 97. U,. 1 p. 

^aTescsifi y^A'B. COopHHKrb oniHO^Ho-asoHOMH^ecKBX'B xannia'K 
T. L Bun. I. HsA- KypcKaro ry6. seiicTBa. KypcsB. 97. II. 2 p. 

Maieplanu ^a oii^hkh iieiKHzi ToproBux'B n upoioinueBHux'B sa- 
Bexenifi. Hsx. Kypcsaro ry6. seMCTBa. Sypcs'B. 97. 

CejEBCKO-xosflflcTBeHHHfi oOBOpib^laMapcBOfi rytfepniH sa 1894—95 roxa. 
Bun. n-od. Hsx. Tj6. seHcsoft ynpanii. GaMapa. 97. 

To-»e sa 1895-96 rox-B. Bun. U-oft. Caiiapa. 97. 

CejBCKO-xosnflcTBenBHfi oOaoprb AiTaficKaro ospyra sa 1896 roxv 
Bapnayi'B. 97. 

Tpy^M BmcoHafinie ynpesxennaro BcepocciflcKaro ToproBO-npomni-^ 
lennaro cBtsxa 1896 r. b'b HnsHeiCB-HoBropox'^- ToMa I— Yin. Gn6. 97. 

Cbox'b nocTanoBjenifl yj^sxHUX'B seiccsnx'B coCpanifl HepnnroBCKoft ry* 
6epHin sa 1895 roxB. CocTaBHii Mr. T. FapKymeHKO. Hsx* Hepnnr. 
ry6. 3eKCTBa. ^epnnroB'B. 97. 

HCypnajiBi ypsyMCKaro yisxnaro seMCKaro co6paHin "^"^y oiepexnoi 
cecciH 1896 roxa. BaxKa. 97. 

AoKJiaAM JoxBHiucofi yitsxHofi seMCKofi ynpanu XXXTT onepexHoiiy 
yisxnoiiy seHCKOMy co6panii> 1896 roxa. JEoxBHina. 97. 

npHJioaceHifl B'B xypHajtairB h xoBiaxam onepexnoiiy seiiCBOicy 
co6paHiK) XXXII cosuBa. JIoxBHiia. 97. 

WypHaJiM JEoxBHUBaro onepexnaro ylsxnaro seiicBaro co6paHia 
XXXH cosuBa. JIoxBnna. 97. 

3anHCKH nayBOBoro TOBapncTBa iMenn njeB^eHBa. Bbxoxhtb y JEbbobi 
nix pex- Mnxafiia FpymeBCBBaro. Tom. XVin, bh. IY. 

HapOXHOTO H HHXyCTpHJIlHOTO O^paSOBaHHO B'B PyCHfl H pyCBOTO BCBy* 

CTBO. B'B CBp'BSEa cb rjiaBHHTt MoneHTH sa ByiBTypnoTo pasBHTHO na pyc- 

BOTO O^B^eCTBO OT'B KKpRJTh BepBOHKO. Go4»HA. 97- H^. 1 ^eWh H 40 CT. 

"N. Miohailowsky. Qn'est-ce qne le Progr^s? Examen des id^es de 
M. Herbert Spencer. Traduction du Ensse, revue par Paul Louis. Paris 
97. Prix 2 fr. 50. 



^2 PTCCSOB BOrATCTBO. 

TopHecTBO HemeKoft Hai^oHajiBHoeiH h 

oejiepajiHeTineeKiH cipeMJieHiH fb 

ABCTpm. 

(IIucbMO usb Aaempiu'). 

Bcero toibko tph ro^a tomj HassAi rjasa aBorpitcsaro KoaiK- 
i(ioHHaro MHSBorepoTBa, kh. BHHXHinrpeqi, Morb en^e no3BOiHTB oe6i 
rpovRo saflBHTfc, iTo-Ae «npaBHTej[bOTBO n SHaen UKaRoro ^emoKaro 
Bonpocai. Ho 8to 6iua toako ^pasa, h a^oro caMOHax'biHHaro sa* 
•HBJBEeHix He nosBOJiHTb ce6i noBTopHTB Tenepb hh OKiVh hsi aBorpiS- 

^eNX'h HHHHOTpOBl. 

$pa3a KHfl8fl BHHAHmrpei^a 6uj[a HeBipia he no OTHoineHii) n 
TOM7 MOMeHTy, KOTopiifi npH HOM'B nopesHBaJia AscTpUi, hh no otho- 
meniD e'b HCTopin ABcrpiH sa Bce noojiiAHee aiiTHAecaTHiiTie, a b'b 
EacTOfln^yi) HHHyty, Korj^a H3x-3a nemoKaro Bonpooa cnona npojni- 
Baexcfl KpoBb Ha yini^axx Dparn, IlEJiBseHa, BpDKca h jipjnTb ro- 
pOAOBi BoreiOH, Kor^a 8Torb BonpocvB HBifleroH yrposon ^fia. Boero 
napjiaM^HTOKaro pesHiia h cyn^ecTBynn^aro cipon ABorpin, noBTopenie 
«fl Morji(o-6u KasaTBOfl nycroi) ^aH^aponaAoi). 

n, tImi He Menie, ee noBTopHBOTB; ho noBTopHDrb vh coBepmenHO 
HHOiTB OHHOjrib, MOHie yonoROHTexBHOicL H 6oj[te orop^HTejiBHOirb AM 
noASOBaBinefloH ao chtl nop^ bo^mh npHBHJUieriflHH bi HHnepiH ra6- 
<$o6yproB% Hiiieipcofi Ha^i0HaJ[BH00TH. 

B'B TaKOM'B HMeHHO cmuojt]^ OHa npoBBy^ajta bi piqarB rjtaBapet 
HiMei(K0-jKH6epajiiBH0ft napxiH, IDiesHHrepa h Fpooca, npoH3Heo6HHiiX'B 
Ha nocj^AHeiTB Parteitag'iB'b Teimi^. 06a ohh, yRa3UBafl Haonao- 
HooTH, EOTopuMH rposHTi HtHoiiKoft Ha^ioHaJ(lHooTH pacDopflseme 
Bi^HH o5b ynoTpefiieniH o6ohx'l hshrob'b — ^enioRaro h niiieqRaro — 
Vb aAHHHHorpaTHBHUX'ByqpesAeHiflX'LBoreMiH, saRinqain^ oboh ptnH 
enoBaMH: cqemcRo-HiMeipcift Bonp(yrE npeBpaTHica bi ofin^e-aBcipifi- 
ORifi Bonpocn>!> «TenepB HtrB6oj[ie«i6taoKau>Bonpooa, a oyn^eoTByerB 
Bonpooi HfbMeuKiily vb nonoM'B cmuojeI aioro ojiOBa, Bonpooi oy- 
n^eoTBOBaniH Boero vbiceitRaro napo^a vb ABOTpiH!» 

noRa HiMi^KE roBopaTB, ^To Ba^eHH He Hirberb npana TpefioBaiB, 
^o6u B&b iBHOBHERH Wb BoreniH snaxH oda asuRa h oSxhchhihcb 
iTB npooHTOiflMH Ha TOiTB hsurI, ROToput noof&AHie npexnouTaDTB; 
HOKa OHH RpH^an, no TaRoe Tpe6oBaHie saRJiDuerb vb oe6t rpy6oe 
jHHseme ffls, Hini^eBi h craBBn htb bi MeKhe npHBHxerHpoBaHHoe 
nojioaceHie, ^iirB Him^esi bi ApyrHxi uorflXB ABorpiH; noRa ohk 
eaflBUDn, ito hh bi RaRom oiy^at ho noiepmn Taaoro napyme- 
Hifl HOTopHqecRHX'B upaB'B, — AO rivb nopiMOsno npoxoAHTB xjraAHo- 

RpOBHO MHMO 8THXB XaiieHTaqift, TaRl RBRl HH paS^lbUTB HH, HH 00* 



TOPXECTBO lEmCEOS BAlUOHAJaHOCTE. 63 

^jBCTBOBan HiTB H6B081I0SH0, xan 01 ToixM sptHifl o6meiejioBtqe- 

4)K0S, TaKl fifiMB H Cb TOUB Spisifl MiOTHUX'B HBTOpeOOBl. Tp660- 

Banie SHasia en^e oahofo asuRa, o6pan^eHHoe ki UHOBmsairB (h 

TOJIBKO Rl HHHli) H 067ai0BJieSH06 HSB^OTHKHH MiCTHKHH yOIOBiaMK 

^ojiiinanoe Haoeieme), he bi KoeirB ojijiai He Mosen o^HTaTBca 
npaBOHapymeHieiTB, a paasi HapymeHiirb saRofi-HHtfyAB npHBHudiiH. 
£aui ooofipaseuii rooyAapoTBesHux'B HHrepecoBi h HHTepeooBi MicT- 
Haro BaoejieHiA, am KOToparo, bo BoaROirB (uiy^ai, yAo6HO, Tro6ii ^h- 

HOBHHKH BHaJIK 06a flSHEEa, npHBeXH Kb COBHaHin HeotfxOXEKOOTH BBe- 
^BHia 060HX'B flSHSOB'L, TO BTOMy OOTaOTOlI TOJIBKO nOAnHHTBCfl. Btj^, 

Tpe6oBaHie SEaiiA lemoKaro flsuBa o6paii^eEO ho zt^ HaoeioHii) Hi- 
jieAKOMy, qro A^ScTBHTexBHO 6ujio 6u npflTioHenierB, a z% ihhob- 

HBKaMlb HiMOpKHlTB, HDTOpUH^b npaBHTeJR»CTBO BCOFAa CTaBHT'L ■SB'fcOT- 

HHH yoxoBiH nocTyiueHifl Ha cjiysfiy. Bi xaHHOM^ ojiy^i laKHirL 
Tp66oBaHieM'B HBJUieTca SHanie nemcKaro flsusa Hinei^KHMH ^hhobhe- 
jsaHH H HiMei(Raro asuRa qemoRHME, to^ho TaRi se, RaRi aHrdfioRoe 

npaBBTOJEBOTBO Tp66y6Tb BHaHlfl MtOTHHEZ'b HBpi^ OTB qBHOBHHROBl, 

ornpaBiaoMiixii bi rojiohIh. Bi^B, hImi^ HH^ero ho HninrB nponiB'B 
np6Ai>aBjiaeMaro vb HHHOBHHRaMTi TpedoBania npexcTaBBTB xota 6s 
ATTeoiaTB spiiocTH, AJUi ROToparo HyacHo HsyqaiL en^e MOHie nysHue, 
^iTB ^emoRifi, aaiBHORifl h rpe^ecRift hburh, h ^ase hh ffia. ^ero ae 
aysHua UHOBHHRy TparoaoaeTpiK) a RooMorpa^ix), HanpaMlp'B. 

Bnpo^eMib, OTqacTH h oaME HiaeAKie BoauiRH OTRpuBanrb OBoa 
RapTii a AOBOJTBBO aei^epeMOHHo yaaaHBaDrb €wo liegt der Hund 
^egraben». 06sirhob6hho, BtAxb 3a BOORiai^Hiaaa o Ton, ^to paBBo- 
npaaie asHROBi wb '9exia npaBOAeTB ri yHB^TOseaiD caaooroaTen- 
Hoft aiaei^KOft Ha^i0Ba2BB00Ta a OAaacTBa ABCTpia, qro 8to pacno- 
paseaie BaAoaa afiiaeioa onacaiiMi Hapymeaiea'L RoaoTHTyiaH, ^to 
oao ae oooTBiTOTByen nojioaceaii) a^JTb vb orpaat a t. h., — bgjtIa'b 
Ba Bcbin> BTKWb BHorynaDTB aa o^epoAB 6ojrle npaRTaieoaie pasro- 
BopH, TOirb, HTO BOBsl saROB'fc BaAoaa OAiiaerB bcd 6i)poRpaTii) 
Wb Boreida ^emoROi), iro lexa saftMyrB 6ojiie aaABoe nojtoseaie vb 
CTpaai, npio6ptTyTTi 6o2a>mee Bjniaale a JiamaTB aiai^eB'B Boixi 
npaaauerUt, Roiopua an, aaa-B saBoeBaiejiairB, 6iijia AapoaaaiiTa- 
RBMa-To a TaRBMa opAoaaacaaa i^jiaro paAa BMnepaTopoB'B. 

^A^GB OTRpuBaeroa TaRoe mapoRoe noxe aju oonocTaBieaia i^'^- 
^aro paAa Bsaaaao yaaTrosaDo^x'B ApyrB Apyra npaAaqecRBXi a 
oo^aoTBTOCEHXi XHTpoonjieTeaift, qxo npa noaon^a yaijiofi SRBHJia- 
CpacTHRa RasAaa cropoaa Mosexi AORasaTB Boe, hto efi Raseroa ays- 
HiUTB. «IIcTopH9eoRia npaaai npeapan^anTca wb jreraie mapn, roto* 
puaa o6ft oropoau soarjiBpyDTi laRB yaiio, ^o bh aaRoaeqi BTax'b 
mapoBi ae pacnosHaere. 

TaKB^ Hanp., 6yproHacrpi SarayaAB, OTRpHBmiit Teimi^dfi Par- 
teitag, cuTaeTL, Roaeqao, hto owb ae ooBepmaerb aaaaRoro npeoryn- 
.Jiema npoTBB'B aoropia, aorAa roBopBTii: cqexa aapyoiHia Boi npaaa 
it)CTeapia]iOTBa: au, aiaipii nosBOjiaia ynoTpe6iaTB vb aamaxi bu- 



64 PyCCROB BOFATCTBO* 

AiHiflTB HX'B pO^SOfi flSHKl, a TOnepB OHH XOTflTb SaCTaBHTb H Haoi. 
rOBOpHTB Ha 9T0Wb flSUKi; XaKHlTL SaSHaBmHMCfl rOOTIIM'b He06X0AHM0* 

yKasaTL Ha ABepB». %6 eiiy h ero eABHOMHnueHHHKain xo giobb 
nepsaro noiopiorpa^a ^exiH, Ilaiaiqcaro, saBln^aBmaro oiioeM j napo^y 
HSBioTHyn THpa^y: «mh 6£uih b:b BoreidH paHBme, nibwh TyAa npn- 
nuia ABOTpifl». Him^ sa 8to npeoaosoftHO oiB^Hanrb: oa to HaiTB 
Boreiiifl npHHaAxessrb no npaBy saxBaia, KOTopoiiy MHsoBafla ysd 
OBepx^B SOO-ir&THiui AaBHOOTB».— cBioporo 8axBaTa»! saAOpno otb^- 
^aioPB qexi. A nonpo6ytTe, vb oaHOMi A'bAi, ^oKaxHTe, qro HMeHHa- 
qexaiTB osa npHHaA<exHTB no npaBy nepewo saxsaxa. B^x^, h paHB- 
me HX'B Tam KT0-HH6yAB AA Ckjtb se. 

Gb APjrOft CTOpOHH HiMI^U RlriiDTB OHilOCTB nOAAOpSHBaTB OBOH 

TpeCoBanui o ooxpaneHiH sa HiMeip^HMB flBiiBoirB ero npexHaro npH- 
BHiernpoBaHHaro nojioseHui ooeukod HiceHHO Ha § 19 oohobhuxb 
saBOHOBi aBorpiftORoS soHCTHTyi(iH, rjiacan^ift: <Boi HapoAHOorn ro- 
oyAapcTBa paBHU nepeAB sasoHOirb, h KaxAoft HapoAHOoiH npeAcoiaB- 
laeTOfl 6e8yoxoBHoe npano na ooxpaHenie h Aft^^HiSmee pasBHrie 
OBoefi Hai^oHajiBHooTH H CBoero aaizRa. FocyAapoTBo npHSHaoTB paB- 
HUMH nepeA'B saKOHOM'B Bcrfc ynoTpefiueMiui vh orpaHi napi^, KaK'B^ 

Vb fflKOJii, TaKB H FB aAMHHHOTpaTHBHHXTi ynpeSAOHlflX'B H BB 06- 

nuecTBeHHoft sh3Hh>. dTBiTB naparpa^oMB nojiBsyeroa, nanp., A^ny- 
TaTB dnoHHrepi, ^to6u AOEasaTB, ito HiMi(u aojishh noiBsoBaTBoa 

TOJUbKO HlMei^RHMl H3UK0MI. (Ho, B^AB, HO npOTHBl 8T0r0 H HanpaB- 

xeHO paonopaseHie BaAOHH, TpeOyjon^ee, ^to6u ^exi, SHBymift bb 
HiMeipLoS HaoTH EoreiiiH, HifirB npaBo AaBaiB, hoioshmb, noBasaHifl 
Ha cyAi Ha ^emcEOHB mulbA). 11 8totb se AonyrarB, ABynfl orpo- 
KaMH HHse, BorAa eny Hyxno AOKasaiB, ^to bb ^exin nitfei^Bift 

HBUKB AOASeHB HOiEBBOBaTBOfl HpaBaMH rOOyAapOTBeHHarO flSBIXa, TOI- 

KyerB 8totb 19 naparpa^B bb tomb oMuojii, ^to ohb-a6 upeACTaB- 
JueTB HAeajBrb, sb KOTopony fiyAOTB CTpeiinTBOfl bb oBoenB paBBSTin 
ABCTpia; bb npaKTH^ecBofi*se shshh aoixho nojiBSOBaTBOH opAonan- 
oaMH 1852 r. (roAa npecitAOBaHifl '^exin), orpaHH^HBniHME npana 
lemoBaro flsuEa. 

Cb OBOefi OTOpOHU H ^eXH BB CBOflXB TpeCOBaHlflXB paBHOHpaBiH 

HSfiROBB ocfiuanTofl Ha cTapnHHHfl npasa seiieu «KopoHii Ba^eoiaBat' 
H Ha Ti H8B HMnepaTopoRHXB opAonanooBB, soropue ne oTBepraiH, 
a npHSHasau bth npana. 

fleyAHBHTejnbHO, hto Him^u ace Bpeiui^ nona ohh naxoAUBCB bb 
nonosoHiH beati possidentes, o^ohb Maio 8a6oTHJiH0B o6b yoTaHOBJieHiH 
obohxb HOTopHHeoBHXB npasB Ha BoreidD, a cnoRofiHO npHAepxHsajiHOB 
npasHJEa: crto naiRy bsha, totb h Ranpaj[B», npeAocTaBJura ^exaMB 
AORaBHBaxB npoTHBHoe. TenepB toilro, sorAa h'&mq;u bb BoreidH oraiH 
TepflTB nouy aoab HoraMH, ohh nanaiH oooTflsaTBoa cb lexaMH bb 
OAOBonpeHiHXB no Bonpooy o6b HOTopH^ecEHXB npaBaxB odinx'B oto- 
poHB Ha BoreMii). E TaKB saRB BcaRaa napTia, RaRiH-6£i ujkMM oia^ 
HH npeeJtftAOBajra, BcerAa naxoAHTB obohxb HAeojioroBB, snoui HCRpeHHo 



TOPSECTBO VmCKOft HAi;iOHAJ[UiOGTH. 65 

San^HUV^DIlVrB'CBOBnieAHHOIIHIlUieHHXSOB'B, to H Vh JlfiMJELOWbWpxA 

o6t CTOpoHii HarpoMOBXixn orpiniHyx) nTopaifpy no vsqmj Bospooy. 

nooKonsy oaopL gojiaivteaL bi stbtb Hpex^jraocB, osi DpoAcniB- 
jTflerb, 1I0K6TB 6bitb, oFpoMHHft jwTepeoi A^fl odhwTh eropoffb h ho- 
sen ojiyaoiTB irpeBpaoHHiTb ]fSTepi&i<»rL j^jol t^vwihuiE; ooiyBorBfai 
se H BHHMaiifl oorajiBHofi EBpoHH HE offsa mn eropoHi nps iesek 
ycioBiaxB se ]foria-6K bhsbshi. 

BojiBme Toro, boa Espoaa (aa EOKJD^Hieii'b TepiiaiiiH) h rb ooo- 
6eHH00TH Pocoui, ooqyBOTBeuo calAHBmaa sa BBeftvmot) 6opB6oi> 
saTepuBinaroofl opexH ^yxHTB HapoAHooreft lemoBaro ueneBK, oipaono 
oT6HBaBiiiaroeii otb Boirb houhtor'b repMaHHaqpoBaTB ero h OTOtamaB- 
maro, le oMorpH n na Kasifl yTHeTeadii, oboh npasa, ouax^n vl 
arofi 6op£6i oi toro KOMeHTa, KasfB ^exB, cosHasaa obod ouy, 06- 
sapyasirBanTb nonoiSHOBekie BooaoJOBOBafBca obohhh cHoropH^eoKsn 
iEpaBaMH», qTo6ii oraTb Ha iritoro npmiCHBraiefi, t. e. oraHOBffrai 
BE Ty se Towy spiHiff, orb soropoft OTapaBAUHOL Hftm^ii, koiw 
OTsasiiBaiH lexaiTB bi> cmibxi npHiivraBnixi npasaxi. 

CoBepmeiHo HHane oOoroBrb a^o, eoii nooMOTpiTb Ha nero n 
ToqKH apiHifl KOHorampyeiiofi HiMqanni j6ujle ffi^Hei^Raro BiiaHiH h 
poora cjiaBflHOBaro Bxlanlfl n nonrHBy ABCipiH. Rb aroirb oiyni 
TOmcEiS BOHpovB OTaHOBETea ffise ne oCn^eEiwei^am, a oGn^ee^o- 

nefiCKEMl BODpOOOE'B. 

Head pasBnre Bcero saEiistb, ^ro BorexiE eooroBxaerB oaHyn 
6oraTyi), oaMyD pasraryE) vh npoifiiniJiOflnoirL owomeEifl uotb Ab- 
OTpiH E eairyD xoporyi) seinysHEy bi soposi ra6o6yproBib. Bb 
1894 r. BoreMifl (BHtorb 01 GaiesieD e MopaBleiD, t. e. bbexe ^em- 

CROft ROpOEK) BEeCJIE Vb RESEy 41 lOUJliOE'B E31 OfiU^ft OyMMH IIpE- 
UhlTb EaXOrCBl BI 111 MEJUdOHOBl, T. 6. OROJK) EOJIOBEEH, H 56 
KEJIAiOEOBIi B81 112 MEUlOHOB'B EOOBOEEHn HaiOTOBX, T. 6. folUDe 

nojiOBHEU, npsieM'b oahe toibro BoreMk yaiaTHxa 25 MEiEioBOBii 
KOGBeHEHXii EEioroBtb E 62 MHUiOHa iipflMuxi, a Birboii cb ooran- 
EiWH no6opain[ vb oCn^eMi 1197s meuuoeob'l. dm se orpaiHii yva- 
oTByiorb Bi, o6meEMnepoRHi'B pacxoAaxi bi oyniii, npeBB[maB>ifl(0i 
Ea 50 MflJUdOHOBi AOJUD BdflrpiE *). 

npfl BTOM'B cjaBEHCRaE iBCTb HBceJieEiE AOiDBEa 6iua en^e En 
co6oTBeEflux'i> opeAOTBi noRpsTB pacxoAtf , norpeGsue au ooA0psaaiE 
ea noxETEqecRflX'B yqpesjie^ (12 HEJudoEOBi) e oe yqefiHiix^E aa- 
BOAOHifi (7 HEJiJi.)* H^ d^i^ OAHoro yse bhaho, ^o Eaoaieflii) Bo- 
reEiE npExoAHTOE HSBJteRaTb se naio aoxoaobi; e, AUoTBvrejraEO, 
BoroMiE, pasBEBDiaE y ceSa doraryn npoioiQiieEEooTB, nooraBEBmaE 
Ea BBTooRyn orynoEB obod arpHRjvBTypy, cosAaBinafl y oete ryoryn 
eJ^Tb sexidEHX'b Aopon», saHfljra xenepL oaho ebi Eaflfojrbe beaehxi 
EioTB opoAE npoMHiDJieraaixi OTpaEi> Eaponti. H«b BaEExaeMuxi oo 



*) 8th xaHHixfl, pasHO rek'l h cj^xynn^ifl, saHECTByeM'B hs'b HexaBHo 
BunneAmed RHHrH Bonrlier: 4:GoBpetf OHHan Borenia^. 

M 9. OTAiA n. 5 



66 P7CGE0S BOFATCTBO. 

51,948 KB. KflJtOMerpoB'B toako 2(>>/, ooranrofl HeBOBAtiasHHin; 
oorai&soe, bibh;^u RpjnHuxTi noirfioTifi (KpyiiHOMy aemeBiaAiHiio 
npiHaAiesHTb OAHa TpeiB Bcixi seiieu), bjub BpecTKflHcnxi ynaor- 
xoBi, o6pa6aTiiBaeTOfl, h bi o6oHrb GJiyqaax^b BeAeros paiUoHaiBHoe 
zobhAgtbo npE nonon^H MamHH'b h yKasaHiS HayKH. Biaroxapa aroiry, 
HaoexeHie He toibko yAOBJieTBopaeTB cBomnb iioTpe6HO0Tfl]r&, ho OKa- 
SHBaerofl Bi oootohbIh TaKse bhbobhti na orpoMHyD oyMny Boesos- 
Moauoie aemeAtiL^eciue npoAyKTu. Otb seiuejicijuii He toibko He or- 
CTaia, HO H nepeni;eroiflJia ero $a6pHqHo-8aBOAOKafl npoMumieHHooTB. 
TaRi, Hanp., Ha caxapHHX'L saBOAax'B BoreidH padoraio vh 1890 r. 
41,940 pa6.; nHBOBapeHKEie saBOAH BimyoTHn vb rowb se ro^y 6 
ujudOHOBi resTOJiHTpoBi HHBa; nponaBOACTBO iiyKOMOJtBHiixi HeJUB- 

HHI^ OpiHHBaiOOB B% TOMl Se FO^y Bl 84 MHJU. ^opHHOBl. TKaA- 

Kafl npominueHHOOTB, hpohbboactbo KOTopofi o^lHHBajrooL bi 196 
MHuioHOHB, HorpeSoBajra 130,756 pa6ouxi pyKi; xJioaHaTO-GyMas- 
Has npoKiunieHHooTB— 28 mhju.; xBHO-npflAUBHaa — 68Vi khjudoh.; 
4»a6pHRH nojiOTfta — 64 HHuiona; dyiiasHiifl $a6pHKH — 3 MHJuioHa; 
^aanci h otokio — 20 hhjuIohobi h t. Am npaqeirb bi BoreniH npe^- 
oraBJieHH Bci orpaoiH npoMiiinieHHocTH, a niKOTopiui hb'b hbx'b 
(cieKJio, HoiOTHO, MysiiKaiBHHe HHCTpyMeHTu) nooraBieHH Taxi bk- 
ooKo, ^TO oxysarb npeAMeioMTi noApasaHla h nojosynToa rponKon 
HBBioTHOCTBio BO Boeft EBponi. 

7se no BTHirb ycnixam, AOCTHrRyTUHX, ne OMorpH na uoTyio 
6opL6y MesAy oMhmh HapoAHOOTflMH, HaoeiflnnpEHH BoreHuo, mosho 
oyAHTB TOiTb, EaKoro npoABiiaHiH Morxa 6h xooTHrHyrb sxa 6oraTO 
oxapeHKafl oipana npH 6ojrte 6jiaroiipiflTHiix% ycJiOBiflX'B. IIpaBAa, 
orqacTH era se 6opBtia, ojiysHBinafl HMnyncoirB K'b npoABJieHiD 
anepriH Ha Boix'B sonpHn^axi A'i^TejnbHocTH, oocuryxHxa h xopomyi) 
aiys6y. Ho bi ofin^eirb ona Boe-TAKH aaHJiaoL KpysHoi) noMixoD au 
npaBHJUHaro pasBHTifl orpanH h sacraBHia o6paTHTL bcd dHeprii) 
Vh OAHy CTopony, HspaoxoAOBaTb Maocy CHJt'b na BonpooH naipoHajnb- 
Haro xapasTopa; laEi ^to boh, nanp., JtHTepatypa ^emcKaro napoAa, 
AOKaaaBmaro, ^rro owb mofb 6h CAiitaTL ne najiufl BKJiajpi bi AyzoB- 

Hyi) OOKpOBHH^HHIU EBpOIUI, AOJirOB BpOMH OGTaBaxaOB ^HOTO ulCTHOK) 

■ He Horxa ocBo6oAHTBCfl otb najroseHHoft na nee HaiuonajCBHOK) 

<iOpB60K) He^TH. 

BopB6a aia, oo6oTBeHHO roBopn, HHKorAa ne npoKpan^aiacB, 
HO ooo6eHHO oTpaoTHiifi xapasTepi ona npHHfljia sa nociiA^ee 50-th- 
jrbTie, oo BpeiieHH norpHcmHxi bcd Eapony ootiHTifl 1848 r. JlfiMe 
HenocpeAOTBeHHO nocii nopasenin y Biiolt Fopii, ooKpyniHBniaro 
caHGCTOHTejibHoe cyH^eoTBOBanie BoreMiH, ^exH npoAOJisaxH 6opB6y sa 
€BOD oaMocTOHTeJiBHooTB, H noTpe6oBaiooB HOBoe HeyAauoe BoaciaHie 
qemoKoS apHOTOKpaxiH, ^to6h oKOHiaTex&HO yHHvrosHTB ox^u ca- 
MOOTOflxejiBHaro oyn^eoTBOBaHifl "^exia vh 1741 r. Ci aroro MOHeRra 
KB BoreiiiH, A^fioTBHTejiBHO, HacTynHJio aaTHniBe na AOiroe bpomh. 
HemoKBH apHOTOKpaTifl tfuorpo nanaja OH'bMeuBaxBOfl, h qemoKift 



TOPSECTBO ^mCEOft HAI^IOBAJTbHOCTH. 87 

«8SK% oAiaajroii Hapitieiii aopobhe, npocroro jida&i no^esHyBi oo- 
^epmeHHo mvl jiHTepaTjpu. 

Ho OOtiHTlfl BOIHKOfi ^paHIQrSCEOft peBOJOOipH HO npoiUH 668- 

'iUiiAHo E AU dTofi orpaHH. jO^eMOKpaTHnecKui stadfl, saHeoeHmia 
•ODAa HSi <^paii9H, noMom h ba^cb Hafirn HeHO^epnaeMHfl 6oraT- 
OTBa B% HapoxHOiTB asuKi, Bib HapoABHXi irlcEHxii. nojnrmeoKitt 
THeTB 00 oTopoHH Him^eBi jt/kjiwb ooo6eHHo AoporflMH H OBpysan 
ooofiuiTB opeoJioiTb 8TH AP6BHifl oarv, vb EOTOpHXi BooiiiBaj[HCB nox* 
BETH repooBi 6Bo6oAHaro Hapo^a, e n 8Toro MOnesTa ^emosaa n- 
Tepaxypa osoBa osHBaerL. 

HsBJ^OTBuft cJtaBECTL ^o6poBCsift nepBEifi npEHHMaeTCfl 3a flayi- 
flyiD paspaCioTEy rpaniiaTflSE ^emoEaro ESUEa, BOsoraHOBJueTb ero 
upesfliE $opMH E A&6TB B'B pjEE APys^A sapo^a Mory^ee opyxie 
.AU ero npocBln^eHifl. H nepBHO se no8TU ^emcEaro sapoAa nojo- 
8yttT0fl dTHHi* opyAieiTb ajte Toro, ^to6u osHaEOMETB CBoft sapoAi oi 
^y^niEMH npoHSBexeHiflME oBponefioEoft sETepaTypu. OpErEEaiBSHE ace 
npoESBeAeflifl HeinoRBX'B nBoaTOJiefi loro BpeMSEE e nosAHtftmaro ne- 
.pioAa Bci npoBEEEyni toueo AyxoEi naipioTESMa s mhcieme oti^ 
ooBoGosAOBiE OBoeft poahen. 8to sacrpoeEie e OAtuio ^exoBx ooo- 
<S6eeo BoonpiEMHEBUME El oo6uTifl]rB 1848 r. 

noAo6so BeErpifl, e ^exia rpoMEO npEBiTCTBOBajia oobo6oah- 
TOJCbEUfl le^efllE 1848 r. B'B napri 1848 r. B'B Ilpart 6iuo oosBaflo 
HiTTO Bpofffc yipeAETejiBEaro oofipaEijEt, sa EOTopoMi npeACTaBEren 
oiaBflE^ Bupa6oTaj[E rjiaBBiifl desiderata ^emcEot saiijioEaiBEOOTE. 
Ho, noBEAEMOEy, TOFAa yse BpoME 6uio taEoe, tto orpaEEwrBca 
OAEHHE TOJiBEO saiposaiBEUMB Tpe6oBafliflME 8T0 cofipaEio se MOrJTO, 
E B'B ^Eoxi OBOEX'B dosiderata oso BiicraBSJio, peaoitb oi rpefioBa- 
sieiTB paBSonpaBifl o6oex'b asuEOB'B, e Tpe6oBaEie yHEvroseEifl 6ap- 
o^EEH, a laEse TpefioBasie npflnoro EapoABaro npeACTaBETencTBa 
Vb jiasATari, EOTopjuft AO'seHi 6hi'b b^a^tb A^jia Boix'B seiien 
qemcEoft soposu (t. e. BoreniE, MopaBiE e CEiesiE). 

TaEBE nporpaMMa, Eoseuo, oiyMiia BOsfiyAEXB ropaqia OExnaTiE 
^saoeJl[eEiE, n aBOTpiioEoe npaBEieJiBCTBO, EonyraBniECB dToro abexo- 
fllE, OA^aio TOxaiTB BEa'qflTeiBEUfl yoTynEE. Yse wh anpiii oeo 
.E8Aaj[0 naieflTBr, eoeme npESsaBajtooB paBEonpaBie astiEOB'B, ooria- 
cflxooB sa y^pesAeflie wb Ilparb BHcmefi e oisiTirrBeEEoft sepeAi 
<yrpasoft aAUEEEGTpaI^E a^b Bceft BoreiiE e sa Aonyn^esie npoAora- 
Bflraieft ropoAOBi e ceii Ei y^aoTiD bb oCcysAeflis ^'b vb Jia^A- 
Tart. 

Ho 8TE ofitn^asifl xaEi ofiiniasifltfE s ocTaisoB. KaE!B pasi BfB 
ero BpsME 6usb oobbbsi bo ^pasE^ypri dsaicesflTHft nasrepHascsiS 
oapiasesTi, bb EOTopuft ojtaBflse pimsTejnbso OTEasancB sooiaTB 
OBOEX'B AenyiBTOBi. BojiBnie loro, oee eosBajiE CBofi (bi Hpari) oia- 
BflsoEifi EOsrpeoo'B, sa EOTopufl bbeioob osojio 340 AeJieraioBi on 
mbrb ojiaBEECEExx ueMes'B: ^exoBi, oxoBaEOBB, soieeofb, pyoes- 
«ovB> ojioBEEi^eB'B, EpoaTOB'B, cepdoB'B. 9totb EOETpeOOl AQJUKeS!B 

5* 



68 pyCGKOE BOrATGTBO. 

6wn> o6cjnwtb iritpu a^ui san^HTH ejEaBflHOKHTB HantioHaibHOcret fe. 
ABorpiE, o6paTHTL0fl ki nunepaTopy n aApeooirbi Vb Koiopoirb. 
6hiXE 611 TKasaHH TpefioBaBin oJtaMHi, h H8Aai% Jiattf^eofb, koto* 
psft otfpaTim 6u BEManie Boefi EBponii sa yraeTeHSoe noAOfteiiie- 
eataBiivB bi AbctpIh. 

JifijLO, o;(HaKO, KOH^HiooB o^oHB ne^auHO. Bo367awaeitfda crb optofr 
dToposH ffbicei^KHiite arffraTopavE, 01 APT^oft — ojlm&Micbmvl^ Hapo^- 
IHH KaccH HO jAepatajTHCB otb cTOJiKHOBeHifl Vb npaBBTejrbCTBeiiHHiai 
dofiOKaMH; Ha yjiii^axi Biipocjis 6appHRaAu, Bi (mekn Ha KOTOpioi 
npaBHiejiLCTBo couo oe6H BopaBi npEHATb oainatfl BHeprHiHiiH BoeH- 
Htifl Mipn. 3aiqHTHHKH SappHRa:irB nocjit RpoBOHpojRTHaro otoikho- 
B6h1h 0sj[h pasciflHH, A BiHCRoe npaBHTeJEBCTBo cpady HepeiilHHia- 
^poHTB no otHonreHii) ki ^exaMi. TenepB cho yttiB h6 toibko ho 
SylHajio BtiHoiH^Hik j^mstBa.'b ewb o6tniaHii, ho yHH^iosBJio ■ 
XHoroe HS'B toro, iro nexH npiofipiiH paHBme. HemoKifi hsuri cHOBa. 
(Sim HsrfiaHB hsi aAMEHHorpai^iH b ihroii, h B(rb yoHxia npaBH- 
TOACTBa o6pati^6Hi7 Ha repMaHHsaAix) crpaHu. PeaRi^bi TopiteoTBo- 
Baia He tojilro no otHomeHix) r% BoreMiH, ho h Ha Boi^rB oct&ib-, 
EHTB nyBKTarB, h noTpe(foBaj[ofl Js^uH T^BKh y^apoB^, TaRsxi »ecfTo- 
KBTb y^apoBi, RaRi ytpafa ABCtpiJSD iTaiBflHoSHxi npoBHHqifi (bx^ 
1860 r.) H nopasenie npH Ga;^oB& (Brt> 1867 r.), ^o6s o6il6Tnia- 
xoHy aBorpificROiiy pesHtey 6ujlo HaneceHo OROH<taT6JtBHoe nopaMHie. 

ICaRTB HBBioTHO, BeHTpLf, npoAOTaBJiflBmaH bo Boe bpomh 0opB0H 
8a oBoe cyn][edtBObaHio oabd i^Oe, yoniia Boonojn^soBaTBOH btHitb^ 

KdMeHTOHl A^'ultOH^TeJBfBHaro O0Bo6O9KA6HiH CBOBXl BexeJtB HSl HO/pB 

on^RH ABcrpiB. Y BorenlH ho XBaiRio oh^tb jfla TaRofi itotiixu. 
^OB ^exavB npaxoABJiooB BBXA^pXEBatB ($opB6y He Tonxo cb HiM- 
^aMH, noAAep^KBBaBniHHH itestpajiBBoe npaBHTeiBctno, ho h ob npex- 
ctaBBTeiflVH Btiomnx^ KtfaoooBi hxi coSotBeHHOt Ha^iOBa2BH60¥H, 
npH^MB BnojiBrI onpMj^ajrooB npeAOKasanie^ BupaBeHHoe bb napon;- 
Hoft noroBopRi: <^exH 6y;iyfB m6ixjtjBnu ronhzo ^lexaHH^. 

%ntGRafl apBGTORpBTiH, RhRB ^TO dSTBaJTO H C% apHOTORpaitotfH HHO- 

ftrh xpyrjni% napo^oBi, ROHoptiiTB (lipHOTORpaTiflHB) sHfiOTdH ne 
AypHo bpH BCHROifB pesCHHi, AOBOXBEO fiaoTpo Ha^jra oHitfe^EBaT&oa. 

Bl ROHI^ ROHI^OBl, Bta apBGTORpaTiH, 6cm H He CAizaiaOB BHDJEBli. 

HtveipK)!), TO BO BOflROVB c2yqii% nepecraia 6£rrb h ^idmoKOD, Arb^ 
OHa caiMa npHd^aeroH, h o^eHB itajio ^yu^a oyxBfii ^emoRaro na- 
poAa. EoiH OHa H'^ROTOpoe Bpeit^ npHHHHaia y^orie wb Han;ioHaiB- 
HOMT» ABE^eHiH, TO xHmB HOTOMy, ^TO pasc^ETEiBajia SaiflTB pOJtB 
spaBsn^aro Riaoca vb aBTOHOMHbfi BoreMin, ho RaR'B tojibro naqaxB. 
pte^ orrtBBTBCfl ABHORpaTB^eoitift ^y^ ^emoRaro ABHsenifl, apnoro- 
RpaTla nonuBfa BcnarB, nepeo'rajia noAA<opsHBaTB ABHXeHie h ho ORpH- 
BaeTB, ^TO BOHRafl KeHT^aJuisai^, xoth-Oh h H'i^Mei^Rafl, ho oob66os- 
AanmaH ee otb ROHtpoia napoAHaro npeAOTaBHTeJUBOTBa^ es oepxiiy 
ropasAO jnofiesBie, ^mi eaMaaf mepoxafl aBTOHOtfifl, noRODQaacfl Ha. 
Bii6opHoiii Ha^axt. npaBHTeaoTBO Borynaio vb nex) bo BoeBOSMOx- 



TOPSEGTBO ^mCROft EA^IOHAJ^»HOCTH. 69 

xaro poAA CA^^H H BoerAa jmIko Qosynaib sa^ qe^eBnHyi) iiox#e6sj 
^ea ui^m nepBopoAOTsa, a aaiiicx 7se apnorospaTia 6pMa Ha oete 
saAa^y pqasoohtb nqxynp obphjtb oooie^GTBeHHmwP* bi noaoso- 
^eHAoirb BHA^. B^b kohicI bohi^ob'b oHa A^Qua ao xasofi onpoBas- 
HooTH, 9T0 oKynHnaob Aaxe TpaTflXBOii 'la soioto, a npo6aB4flAaoB 
ofiusaoBeBHon MBinypoi), h EorAa, HanpHMipi*, vb oahojh Hsi aaoi- 
Atiuft jaKATafa Fperpi BJ^ecii npoeKT^ aApepai, vb KOTopon ranepa- 
Topy HA^OKfiHajiooB H6o6xoAHUQ0TH BoaoTaHOBiOHia rooyAapoTBes- 
Haro npasa BoreiiiH, apHoroKpaTU 0Tsa3?uiHCB noAaTB roAOci sa biotb 
npoesTB, MO'QiBHpyfl OBoe noioseiie rbwbj ^ao crnatc^ naKb xocydajf^ 
cmeeHHoe upaeo odno ush caMi^xb esjim^xi^ nj^ashy mo e%o ne doAQicHO 
KOMff^aJn^mupo^omh nontimKaMU, ne wnuwmi^MU uuKOKuxb %uaHcoe% 

flp K'B TOMy Bp9Me]^H^ KOFAa apHoxosp^TiA iipH6iqu[a kb TaKflm 
o6opoTairb, ee yHdMH jm paoKycHXB; pysoBOABxejUtCTBO ABHasetHien , 
Bepenuo vh 9To speiia k% luiMo^exan, h HsirMa apHCTOKpaxiH MB 
Kom y;K^ saHeoTH cyn^eoTBeipLaro yn^epfia ABHseHin, 3a to b;b OBoe 
BpeMA 8Ta apHOTOKpaxia yonixa APoiaiouo sapauBOBaTB sij^moKoe 
ABBa^eaie 9 Aase pasBpaTHiB cTapo^emoKyn napiiD, KOTopan ^orb 
orb HOD Bcxynu^ na nyxB cajfuxi rpy69Z'B xoKapojnioooB'B. EUaco- 
jsfi^ MK)]fy, lemoi^e a'^xo najio ^Harpaxo wh capiije yAP^Hue ftuc 
xeio MOKeHX^, bi 1861 r. a b^b 1667 r. 

B:b 1861 r. ^exH ooA'B BJuaHieirb apHeroEpaTlH orpaH^UAXOB 
siEpTopwiB yerypxaiCH, Koiopi^i He Hooau Aaxe xapaKx&pa sa- 

SOHOBX, a npOCQiXl OpAOHaHQOBl>, KOTOpBIj^ MOSHO BO BOHKOO BpeKH 

. OTMijiKpTB^ H A^OTBHTeaHo, KaEi TOJiBSo 6ore|ccK9A Aidxa saroBopnia 
TOMi, HToCif Hi^nepaiop'B aBcrpiftosifi sopoHOBa^cfl ^emoEOK) ^opo- 
Hon^ Hai ^exoB^b HeiceAJieHHo Hopun^Hi^ caMBiq aaecioBi^ upieoiiAO- 
Ba^ia: n^seiiu se oiiiAH ^si^HyTb, peAastopiJ 6ofBoa9 iipooH»9Baja 

B\ T^p^MaXl, lAWb 8^1 peA^lj^TOpOKHM'b CTOXO]^'^, ^ ^e^H, IPA* 663- 

njLOAAOOTb qK)Bf!b yoiuaft, Aevoio^^paTHBHO OTi^aafMHCb iipjiHHMaTib 
^y;9aoTie vh ooB^ii^aH,uiX'b ^aHATaroBi H peBXciara^ 

Tos^Q Tasxe^ 6jaroj^^p« s't^HOMy marchaivdage'y, ij^OTopufi Ben 
iie;^^ ()o6<ND ^eifosw ^pEoroBpaTui h BiscEoe npaB^x^boiBo, no- 
oii^eiij y;HUioob xai^ii HjsypoAQBaTB AapoBaHHs;^ n.oojiKi 1867 r. Bo- 
FpniH 9H(SopaHa 9paBa, ^70 QpeA,cTaBaTejibpxBO vb A%9ATarii h pefix- 
OTacii AOOTaBiUfp otfOMM^§ BjpeHMymecTBa H^Mei^soMy aj^neHiy. 

Bjiaro^pii laBi HaaiiBaeKOfi «H36HpaTeJibH0ft reoHerpJH', npH Qo- 
wmji EOTopoi QosAawoH caiw» HCEyco;i;96^u6 HaQHpaTeAbyiie OEpyrn 
(QTh rycTO HaoeJieHHBixi ^emoEHX'b OKpyroB'b OTpiatp^xoa sycsH x 
npHpisHEBaDTCH E% Htiiei^EHiix oEpyraH'b, xaEi qxo ^emd^ia Hp6Epa- 
^W pai(99i|BaE)xca bi o6q(eft Maoci sliieqsaro Hacexe^if ), ^bht- 
paj^MloWf EpaBHxej^cxBy yAaioob AOcxEpcyxb xoro, ^0 b'b 06^0- 
nmepcsi^ napiaHOHxi H^iceqsoe ^a^oecaHie, cpoxMUDmea 36% ^PQVo 
HaoejieHifl, noouxaxo ao HeAaBHaro BpeneHH 117 AonyxaxoBi^ a qxa- 
^BaHCBoe Haoexeiie, oooxaBiaD^^^ Of^ime 609^ o6jfi»}:o ^9^9^, qooh- 



70 P7GCR0E BOFATCTBO. 

JLMO 136 jifiujnTOVb. 3a TO Bi» oftMoft BoreidH Kpyasse seueBia- 
AiiBitu wb moii 452 HKiiH vb laH^Tari 23 AonyraTa, a 236,480 
oexBORHX'B HsOHpaTeiefi HMijin umB 30 AenfTaTOBi*; 92840 ropox- 
ORErL H36HpaTeiefl laKse hk^h jlbiiib 32 A^iiTTaTa, a 186 ubhobx. 
ToproBuxi najiarb Huiu 5 AonjTaTOB'b. 

"^TO se Kaoaerofl paonpe^enui AenyraTOBX no Hai^OHanHOcraiis 
Vh BoreiiiH, to oho e tofo EypBOBHie: OBiune 3i- hhjuIohobi oitf-^ 
BflHCKaro HacejieHiA hbti uojia o6ii^aro HaoejieHUi, o^peAiIfll^I^a^ooff 
i[[H$poi) Vb 6 MHJudoHOBi, nooHABJiH 40 AenyTaTOBTi, a 2 MEJudofla. 
fiim^eBi noduan 36 xenyTaTOBi; k% nooitAHHiTB aoisho npnHOjtHTE- 
H 18 npe;ioTaBHT6Jieft KpyoHaro seMieBJiaAimfl, ROTopBie HHKorAa hs 
Bi> ^eirii He oTKasusaDTB sopoai h Hooarb ^ase noBTOHy no^eTHyn- 
UH^y €das yerfassungstreue Grossgrundbesitz*. Touo TaKse b'b 
(ioreMOKoirB jtanATari Bac^Aaerb 98 ^emcsHX'B A^nyTaTOBi, 71 Mih 
MOi^Kitt H 74 EpynnHxi semeBJiaAiJiiBi^a, iiesA7 Tim Kasi 6e8i no- 
xoniH «E36HpaT6i[BH0ft reoMOTpiH* OHH A0isHH-6u paonpoAiiHTBCff 
Vb oj[iAyK>n^6irB nopHAKi: 135 ^emoRHxi ^enyTaTOBi, 72 HiMeipLHXi 
H 36 OTB Rpyimaro seMjeBiaAtHia *). 

Bi 1868 r. ?exH npeA^flSHJiH npesHAOHTy 6oreMORaro jtaHffrara . 
npoTooTB no nosoAy oxHomeHui Kb hhh'b h en^e pasi HanoMHsiH, 
wo cseuH ^emcRoft jKopoHU HHRorAa ne 6uih peaiLHo ooeKHHOHif- 
CL ABOTpioD; ^0 sa BoreideiD coxpaHOHO npaBO n86HpaTB no OBoeMy 
yoMOTp^Hii) Ropojui, B'B Giy^ai npeRpan^eHiH ABHaoxiH, h cooraBHTE^ 
EesaBHOHMyD oTpaHy;^o HomcEift napo;^ ne ^oiiseH'B o^HTaTBca oi 
TpaRTaxaMH, orpaHH^HBann^HMH ero npaBa e saRJin^eHHUiiH, GesTBoro^ 
B^AOMa, HoaKAT AHHaorieK), Benrpiei) n jspjnyiE Ha^iOHaIBHOCTflMH». . 

B^ OTBiTB Ha 8T0 no(U(t;^OBaj[0 jehib o6xflBieHie IIparE wb ooa^- 
HoMi nojtosoBiE E HOBUfl npBOJiiAOBaHifl. Ho ^exE se Ha MHsyTy ne- 

OTRaSUBaiflCB OTB 6opB6£I E AOBOJIB, HaROHeO^, A^JIO ]lfl TOFO, ^TO Ra- 

6EHerB ToreHBapra npoAJiosEJi'B wb 1871 r. ^aa MEHHCTepoRHXi nopr- 
$exE ^exaiTB, a EMnepaTopi ^panicB-IocE^i, npErJiamaa ^exoBi 
npsHHTB yqaoTie vb xaHATari, ROTopsfi j^oAxewb 6ua'b Bupa6oTaTB^ 
MipH A^fl ycTanoBJieHifl Aotipuxi eocijiflKVLiy oTEomenift MQSAy ^e- 

XaiCE E HiMI^aHE, OfipaTElCa R^ SHM'B Cl peCRpHIITOm, Vb ROTOpOVB. 

ORaaaHO: <IIpeRpacso nanETyfl nojtosesifl rooyAapcTBessaro npaBa 
seMBJiB BoroMOROfi RopoHH, ooBEaBBE, RaRyD oiaBy E RaRoe Moryn^e- 
OTBo 8Ta Roposa AOOTaBEia HamEMB npeAmeoTBesEERaHi, a TaRse e 
TO, no BapoA'B BoreuiE BcerAa ci HenpeRjiosEon bIpeootbh) noAAop- 
SEsan EanrB Tposi, mu oxotho npEasaeM'B npaBa SToro RopojteBOTBa 
H roTOBH bobo6hobetb 8T0 yTBopiKAesie npEoaroi) npn CBfln^eHHOirB. 

R0p0H0BaHiE>. 

Ha 8T0TB Tops6CTB6EH£it pocRpEnTB 12 cesTa6pfl 1871 r. leXE 
BeerAa coEuutDTOE, RaRi sa raaBsoe AOxasaTeiiBOTBo npsasasifl sa. 
BoreideD ooo6aro rooyAapoTBessaro npasa, xote btotb peoRpsnrb. 



*) I. Bonrlier ^GoBpeseHHafl BoresiE^. 



TOPSBGTBO qEmCKOft EAipOHAJTBHOCrff. 71 

HHCROUKO H6 Hoirfaiiajrb HunepaTopy <^paHi^j-IocH4>7 aaflBHib vb 
1889 r., Bor^Ka MJiaAoiexH HaaoMHue eiiy 061 aroirb HeicnoraeH- 
Eowh oMn^amH: co^ohb san, ^to otou OAapeHHiit lemoKifl la- 
po;^ BpyujTb uaoTb Tasoit crpaHHoft KoiinasiH (sonderbare Oesell- 
schaft)». f 

Au oBoero BpeHOHH ototb peoKpHim bo bohkoitb oiyqai flBUJieji 
KyjiBHHHai^iOHHEorB nyiKToiTB TopsecTBa lemoKoft HaipoHaibHoon. 
JIaHATan 1871 r. exHSOAyniso npHHim npoeBTs sasoHOBii koto- 
ptuiH ooBAaBaiaoL Bnoxfffc aBTOHOMHafl Boreidfl. Ho HiiienjKifi ajie- 
MOHTB diui Tan HanyraHTi othmi TOpseoTBom ^exoBi, ^to o6pa- 
Tuofl sa noxonQUD vb FepiiaHiH, h EHOMapKib (Horpo dEoneAHpoBan 
3% Btay BOpOJifl CasooHOEaro, noort BH8HTa Koroparo msHoiepoTBO 
TorevBapra aoiseo 6hj[0 bhIIth vb ororaBKy h yoryoETB BiaoiB 
Ka6HHeTy Ay8p6nepra,xoTopHlt noontnran paonyoTHTb laHArarb, Bory- 
nsTb Bi oonsi 01 Grossgnindbesitzer'aiiH, miA^vrh HsOHpaTeAHiift 
sasoHi H oo6paTB hobuH xaHATarb erb npeo6jiaffai)ii^HirB niMei^KHm 
6oxBiiraHOTBOir&. 

H BApyrB Fb TaEofi EpEmeoxit MOMeHn lemosle Bosara noA% 
BJiuudeirb apHoroEpaTui aaflBJUuorB, ^to Ha ary nonrisy npaBHTej^- 
cTBa BnojiHi ]ifi<ytotmiaa> otBirowb 00 oropoHs ^exoBX 6jji<&rb toiuo 
noxHTHsa naooHBHaro npoTOcra, h ^emoEie xonyraTU orsasHBanros, 
E:b Beuqaftmeft pa^ooTH HiMi^eB'B, ynacTBOBaTB wh patoxaxi jraHxrara 
H pelxoTara. 

Ob dToro MOMeHTa h HanHaeToa paoEon, npHBeffmifi nooToneHHo 
K'B noxvoHy TopsecTBy juraAoqemcEOft napriH, HaoTasBaBineit Ha 
aETHBHoft H Aftse BOUHGTByDn^eft aojiiiTHff& H BHeomeit bi obod 
DporpaiEMy HHOiifl AeHOKpaTB^ecEiH xpeOoBaHifl, h Kb OBOsqaTeiBHOMy 
coEpymeHiD oTapo^emoEoft napiiH. 

Bi sanari 60P&6H ofiaflHie orapo^exoB'B tiiuo en^e AOoraToqHo 
CHiBHO, qTo6H onpaBHTBOH n He HMiBmHMH eii^e HHEaEoro aBTOpH- 
Tera HMAo^exaiiH. Ohh 6hjih oCiflBJieHH peBOJ[X)^ioHepallH; riaBHHt 
BOxaEi», PHrepi, oTBepiyxoH orb cbobx^b npexHHX'B oopaTHHEOBi h 
jWMB npoEiHJTB Hxi; H Ha ajAjsjmnjiTb BHCopaxB MiaAO^exH, ^Ut- 
ctbhtojibho, noTepnixH secTOEoe nopaxoHie. Ho xasi hh HaionoieHHo 
6hio HXi npeAoraBHTeiBOTBo vb napiaMeHTi, ohh ho nponyoKajiH hh 
oAHoro cjiyqaH, r^i nysHO 6hjo BHoryiiHTB fb aamHry ^emoxaro 
BJneHOHTa, H Bosopi o(paTHJ!H Ha cefifl BHEMame napo^a, a crapoiexH 
oouH 6ojrfe6 fijtaropaayHHiivB noHHpHTBCfl 01 himh. A nesAy riwb 
npH Ayaponepri BJdflnie Hixei^Karo sieHOHTa npoxojnaio BOspaoraTB 
FB jmfif6'b ojiaBflHCEOMy h npHHHJio TaEie padM^pii, ^ito h ohb ne 
pimHioH jsfkxBUb xaxBHtSmifl yciynEH HJ^H]](aMi« no^OHy h jifixmewb 
6£m yorynHTB BiacxB MHHHOTepoTBy Taa^e. 

nocAiffHift OHa^aia aojlto saHrpHBan 01 qexaxH; xeiaa ooora- 
BHTB napiaMOHTOEoe 6oiBmHHOTBO 6681 y^aoTiH Bi Kewb HixepEHxi 
AenyraTOB'B, okb yBH^irB oe6fl BUHysAeHHiurB oeiohhtb qexoBi, orsa- 
BaBDiHxcH 0TB yiacxlfl VB napjiaveHTi^, boHth oHOBa wb napxaHenn 



72 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO, 

\ 

B He nooKynHjca sa o6imasui. Ha ji^A Boe orpasBqeiocB sicRon- 
aaa muocthbhiih cjioBaHH no aApecy ^xobi Vb TpoHHofl pkvn h 
HiKOtopuiTH MeAXHifH yoTynsaiiH qexan, h sa 6 An oyn^eoTBOBaaia 
MBBBCTepcTBa Taaj^ sonpoci o paoioHpeBiB aBTOHOxiH BoreiiiH, o&b 
HSMiHeBiH H36BpaTejiLHei OHcreiiH h o BsuKax'L ho noABBHyiM he 
■a nian>. 

B% TO se BpoMii HtMei^Kift aiaMesii OHOBa ycHiueii, h limpi 
601U BOBMoxfliiirB BSCxaBHTir 181(06 TpeSoBaHie, sasi noxBoe ssrHaHie 
qencRaro asuEa bbi uoto*h'&m6i^iix'b ofijiacTet BoreiiiH h coxpa- 
Hesie 8a crrflvb aeiiKoirL npaxb rooyAapcTBeHHaro ffiooLa wb ^em- 
CKBTh o6jia<sT8X'B BoroifiH. He eMoipa w^ bA npoTeorm MdiaAOYexoB'b, 
eiapoHexBi iipoAOJisaiH Been cbod HonrHKy yroAsaiecTBa h Aaxe 

pftlBEIHOB CEOBa HSTHaTB HBl CBOOrO Hiytia eMRUaUdWb OXpOIITVBiiX'B 

maAo^exovb. 

PbBiHTeibHufi HOMeHTB HacTyou^bt lOFA^ mxavB npHDUooa bh- 
aasaTbCH no sHaiieHHTOKy Bonpooy o «IIyHCTyaipflX'b» 1890 r. 

diHHH <nyHKTyai^flMH» HaHooHjicfl seoTOKift yAapi qemoKHirb oipeif- 
leHiiHi: OHi yHH^TOsajiH npexme opAOHHaHOM MHHHCfpoB'b, npBSHaB- 
mie paBHonpaBie bbhkobti, oocmeHiH HCEHDureiuH) slHeipde 
tjAu Bi oGiaoTflX'K BoreMiH o'b oirbinaKHHMi HaceieHievB, npexo- 
oiaBiflu KypiflMT) npaBO «yeto», yoraBaouEBaxH BBroxHys vlsi HtM 
HibWb H86HpaTejuHyi) OHoreiiy h t. a- Bi uaxo^eHicBoirB Bxyfii oTsa- 
saxHCB A&S6 c6oyBA&TB 8TH nyHRTtf, H Ror^a cTapoqemcRift zsj&b 
npoeiepB oBoe yroAHnneoTBO ao Toro, ^to hphhhjtb bth npoaRTii, 55 
mn 94 ero ^iohobi nocaimHin buIth. 

Pflrepi He nocrlcHHJiefl Torxa saasHTB bi cHIas Naroda», ^eto, 
HpBUBaa SHaMeHHTue nyHRTii, ciapoTOXE, rjiaBHHB% o6pa30H%, orpe- 

BEJHCB COSABTB H8^ BOlX'B yB'tpOHHSIXl 8JDBBeHT0VB OHIOVB Bp0THBl> 

paABxaJiiHKXi H padpymHTexBiuxi TOHxeHi^ft. 

Ho 8T0 6Bia yae noexfcAHHB niooHRa crapovexovB. dBeprHVHaH 
XbsTeiBHOotB BxaAO^emoROfl rpynnH, ho AonyominHX'B npa homohih 

060TpyRB[lH npHHHTifl HaiipaBflBBHHXl HpOTHBl neXOVh aaXOHOBB HK 

Bf!b pellRoiarb, hh b'b jiaHATari, cfffaHuui hxi Rpatae HonyiflpHHMH 
B& HBpoAHHX'B Maccax'B. H RorAa wb 1891 r. nocit paonyiKeHiB nap- 
xaBeara 6hjb HasHaTOHH EOBiie bhSopbe, orapo^iexB noAHepmoB 
ptmHTeflBHOBy pasrpoMy: mrh 40 qemoRHTB AOByraiOKB 38 Bierb 
HOiy<EHn BiaAO^iexH h toibro 2 — orapoiexH, a hb nooitAHHTB bb- 
toparB ompoiexH se pimHJiicB ambb BucraBflTB oboktb RaHAHAarovB. 

HocilAHie roAH cyn^eoTBOBaHiH BBBicrepoTBa Taa^^ teu FonaBH 
oooteHHO HanpaseiHoft 6opb6h oo OTopoBu toxobi. HrB npeAora- 
BiTeJiH Bi napjuiBeHTk aobcjih o0cTpyKi(ii>, aro eAHROTBeBHoe Haxo* 
AHBmeecfl vb ixi pyRaxi opjsie bi 6opB6i ei napxaBeBTORiBi 6oib- 
BBHCTBOBrB, Ao TaKixi pasBtpoBi, WO ooB^nTOHBO napau8<NiaiH 
xftBvanaoeTB napxaBesra. 

Ho Be TOXBRO Ba noiiTRqeoRot no^i BexaoB 6opB6a, ab ohb 
Ohu 6m B ooBepmeBHO HeB08B0SHa, eojia 6h ^exB vb npaiTBieoRofi 



TOPSECTBO ^EmCKOfl HAAIOHAJILHOCTH. 73 

^UEBBH, r^i 6opB6a bojiecb eme oseoTO^eiBie, He saHaiH oubhii^o 
flojioseBia. 

Bi 8Tot o6jiacTH yoioBifl hmsl ^ezoB% ohovhihob ooo6ewo 6jia- 
TonpiflTHO. On^oHQHHue otb npoMuouEefliioft A^^areuHQCTH, Koropiafl 
BacasAaiacB yoHJiisiiH i^eHipajiBHoft BJiaoTH h norony npe^ociaBiajra 

BCflKlfl JDbrOTBI HlMI^aMl, OHH ]S,03MSli 6UU Vb XOSflfiO^BeBEOlCB 

OfHomeBin nooBHTBTB oe&i Boei^xo semieAijiiK). dro y^aJtwe voxob'b 
Ji8l!B' ropOAOBX, Wb ROTOpUX'B flipaxH oaMji) bbahjv) poiB HiMI^, 
jsfisro cROBfiBaio ^emoKoe ABBsesia h A^^axo ero naxoBiiairejiBHuii^. 
Ho ^eiDGBoe BpeoTBflHCTBo He noJLTo ooiaBaiocB Tiwb saoi^opysiuirB, 

^(SoflB^HMCH BOfiSarO HOBOBBeAeHifl, KpeOTBflHGTBOlCIi, ROTOpOe flBIfl^TCfl 

xapaExepHmi'B ffjia lutarHX'B eBponeflcEHn OTpan^B. Co BpexeHH yjm?- 
noseaiH ^o^aiBHUXib npsBBJueclfi ^emcBoe KpeoTB^HCiBO BUflksMMO 
MVh cefo HiiTo BpoA'& anrjiUtOJEoA AsenpH hjih aiiepHKaiKOKaro $ep- 
nepcraa, T. e. oooTOflTejQ»HHi, HesaBBOHioifl Kxaco^ oeiBcsaro ^aoe- 
aema, mwbBmxk bobmqshootb jAOBJieTBopfiTB h obobitb a7^obhuxx 
-aaopooaicB. ArpHEyjDbTypa Cusa nocTaBJEena na pai^ioHajiBByx) no^By, 
H vh HexiH yipesAOHO 6iub mhosbotbo 3eiu6Alii.B^eoKHXx inBOJTB 
jDBmaro, opeAiaro h BHOinaro mna; BpoMft loro, »t> saa^ox^ OKpyrt 
yqpesABuoB seiuiQA'biiBie^^a aoooQiaipH, paonpocTpawsHiia sypHam 
s fipomnpu, vb Koropuxi paxoini ob TexBusiBCKVHH yKaaaaiaHH h 
ofiBd^HOBieicB BonpoeoB^ KpeciBflHOBaro ofinxoAa o6oyaviajiHOB BoapQcm 
Biiomaro hophaba* 

TasHXi o6pa8ox'B, y ?exoBi» Bspoojio otjeh^hoo otb ApyrHxi orpaHi 
H €Tp6TBe coo20Bie», soropoe ho toabko 6uxo onooofiHO k'b Bponpia- 
TiD HA6t, paaDpocTpaHfleiiiix'B ^emoBox) HHTeJUQareHi^iex), ho oauo 

BHA^^ffiUO H3Ti 6e6a aHaUieXBHEdl SOBTKHreHTB IHJt-B, nonOJIHflBIiniX'B 
pflAU BHSQXXBreHIUH B'B Ea^eOTBt ytlHTexei, ^BHOBHHaOB'B H T. n. 

-die BiiAbieBie ooBepiiuyK)o& wb TasHXi RpynHux'B pasicipax'B, mo Vb 
HexiH cb doiBiiiiit'B upaBoxi, nikirb ta^ 6ii to hh Oiiao, vosho 6ufi6 
OASO Bpeu roBopvTB nep6i]|K)HaBOA0TBi BBtejUHreHqii; h, saBi 
BBBifftROj oQoteuo mvifiiBf) B% PooeiE, arorb bwuhob^b wmcjcoft 
jmiBUHreflaps AOJtroe speiia ojiysBjn a^sk^ b'b EanecTBi aobojd^ho 
Baauaro article d'exportatioB, Koi!Op9fl BUBoaaxofl bo Boi crpaH^. 
^offlCKas HHX&xureHi^, 6faroAap9 aioyy, HMtia npeqpacHo boato- 
TOBJUEByxv noiBy avh arBTai^iH, h, 6aaroAapa to$ HsymcrexBHofl 8Hep- 
iiBv KOTopyv OBa HpoHBKAa Wb OBoeft aTHiauJboimofi A^iaiBSOorrH) h 
lot BoonpluHHBoow^ Rovopyv o6HapyxHJ[o KyiiBTypHOQ ^epioi^oe na- 
oaaaHie, CAiAaBmeeoiS Bpaftxie HyBOTBHiesbHux^B b'b ^ucoBoirbplio h 
HeonpaBOAWBoiiy npHTicHeHiD oo CTopoHK H&xeiuuu^o axficeHTa, 
Hiqpi dTot afBTanii a^V ce&i OEopo aiaTB. 

Hh yace rosopHJiH. ^to Bps oBoevi Boapoaw^ ^einoMH nre- 
parypa tsof» CAixaiaoB rjEaBHHM'B wcHrexeicB vai^oHaABffot baob; 
HO avy He^asTB naTpioTHSMa, uefifijiio Aasa ysxaro naipoHaiHSMay ohb 
flocHxa enie Aoxroe Bpexfl nooi'b BOBposAeaifl b A&se bi xoMeBTB 
CBoero paoi^iAia. He toabko aepBiie paQoTHHSH xa xHTepaxypHoft 



74 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO, 

HHBi ?6xiH, HO H Bci nooiij^yDii^ie, ESKi KojiJiapii, S^ejiaKOBQKiJt* 
HepYAa, FaBJiBqesi h ap-, cuTais oe6a Ha ojiyafii y qemosaro Ha- 
po^a. Ohh c^HraiH obood rxaBHOD oSasaHHOOTBD paHBme Boero ne* 
pecawTL Ha ^einoKyn no^ny xy^niie hjtoak eBpoueficKOft JiHTopatypH^ 
a Bi OBOHX'b opErflHajtBHUxi npoHSBOAOHiflX'B 6pain ^anie Bcero ci>- 
seiOM'b HapoAHUfl npoAaHin, jnereHAsi ^emcKaro Hapo^a, ero nioHH^ 
ero repoH^ecKift anoci, ero HesaBH/^Hoe nojioseme ope^H sasoeBaTeiet^ 
HaAcawi H ynoBaHifl. Oco6eHHO MHOro CA&iaJiH na axoit novi flpo* 
cj[aBi» Bpxj(Hip;il, nosHaKOMHBmift ?exoBi» oi uaooHRaHH B&bn^ 
eBponefioKHX'B jun^epaiyp'b, e CBHTonojisi ?exi, noBTH^ecm npoHSBe- 
xeHifl ROToparo CA&iaiHOB AOOTOHHievi Bcefl HapoAHoft Maccu, npeBpa- 
THBmeft HXi vb Hai](loHaiBHUfl nicHH. Bi btoitb se HanpasjieHiH 
AificTBOBBJiE H npoAOTaBHTeiH Hay^Hofi MHciH, KaR'B najiai^Rit, ma- 
4>apHRi H Ap. n MOSHo TOjDbRO yAHBUTBCfl TOH7 Moryqeiiy oTKjmcyt 
ROTopoe Borp'l^ajio b'b qemoROMi HaoeJieHiH Raa^oe HauHanie ero 
HHiejimreHi^H, EirbBmee i^iiBX) AOCTaBHTB TopseoiBo Hai^iosaibHoft 
H^e*, 

RaRi HJunoTpai^ix), Mu npHBeAoifL jihiob HOTopix) oosAama upas* 
CRaro TeaTpa h dTHorpa^H^eoRofi BucTaBRH bi Ilpari, Tdkvrb RaRi 
HveHHO laRifl jifikAema ovb noHHHaHifl iiaocu Hacejemfl h Hecyjumiar 
HHRaRofl HenoopeAOTB6HHOf noiBsu Ha^HHaHifl BO BCBRoft Apyrofl oTpani^ 
pHCROBajiH 6b[ pasCHTbCfl paBHOAymie Hacexenifl. Bi HexiH se HMeHHa 
8TH Ha^HHaHifl iQ)eBpaTHj[HOB B'b rpaHAiosHyiD Hai^OHajirBHTD a6M0H* 
orpai^K). 

PyROBOAHieJiH qemcRaro ABHaenifl, oosHaBaBmie, tto Teaipi mo- 
T&QTh oiysHTB npeRpacHHiTB arHTaiuoHHHMii cpeACTBom, npHJiarajnr 
Boi yoHJUfl Ri ooBAaHix) co6oTBeHHaro ^emoRaro Toaipa. CneAiaxbHo 
H86paHHUli A'fl OTOro ROMHTerb o6'BHBHjn» nai^iOHajiBHyn noAQHORy m 
B'b RopoTRoe Bpeiifl co6paj['b aHauTejoiBHyx) oyMMy, nosBOXKBmyx) npi* 
oGpicTH yqaoTOR'B sevn, h npHoryiiHJiH ri coopysoHix) Tearpa. 3a- 
RjiaARa SAanifl npoBpaTHJiaCB Vb HaI^0HaIBH06 TopseoTBO, Ra ROTopo^ 
npH6iiiH HX^ Bcixi yrojiROBi ?exiH ciyAeH^ecRie ^epeiHH, RpeoiBaH- 
CRie coDSH, pa6oqia accoiaaiiiiH, bx otin^eirB orojto 10,000 ^lejiOBteB. 
Kor^a paoxoAu no noorpofiRt SAanifl Teaipa npeBUOHiH nepBOHa^an- 
Hyn cMiTy, HaiiiOHajiBHaa noAimoRa HenexJieHHO nonoxHHxa HeAooraiD- 
myx) cyMMy. H BApyrB nepe^i oatfHM'B TopsecTBOMi oTRpiiTifl leaipa 
SAaHie 6Hjro yHH^TOseHO crneifB. Ho «pyRa AaDo^n ne ocRyAiBaxa»; 
OTRpHTa 6uJia HOBaa noAnnoRa, ROTopaa vb le^eHie OAHoro aioai^a 
AooraBHia XHJUdoH'B ryjiBAeHOBi>, nosBOJiHBmBX'B aobooth a^o ao ROHi^a. 
1883 roAi*) osHaMeHOBaBmifica oTRpuTieirB Hax^oaaiBHaro TeaTpa, npe- 
BpaTHJioa B'B x)6HJieflHfiifi roAi* a^a ^exoBi: vb Te^eHie uiiaro roA^ 
Haceieaie oamix'B rjiyxexi xicrB ooBepmaaro naxonHH^eoTBO bi Ilpary 
Aia HociiueHia TeaTpa, a BOMHorHXi aicTHOOTax'B oxRpuBaiHCB noA- 
HHCRH A'fl AOcraBieHia HeHMyn^HirB bobmoshooth noiixaTB vb Ilparf 
H nooiTHTB TeaTp*!. 

Touo TaRse a rpaHAiosnaa BHOTaana 1895 r. 6iua ooBAasa hc-- 



TOPSECTBO UmCROtt HAmOIAIBHOCTK. 75. 

un^HTejibHO yoHiiflMH ^emcKaro Haoeienifl. IIpaBHTeiBOTBO He TOUKa 

CTKasaiO Bl SaSOt fiSI to SH 6iU0 OjfiOBAiH BTOS BUOTaBRi, OOIUailCK 

Ha TO, ^TO 8T0 H6 o6xaGTHaa BHorasEa, a HaqioHaiuaa, ho h orapa^ 
jtrooB noHimaTb et, ho paapiinaa npeAHoxaraBmetoa axh aioro jcot-^ 
TopoH. Ho 8X0 He ocTanoBHJio ^exoBB, Koxopiie nyTem ^aoTHHX'B no-- 
sepTBOBanii oo6paxH HysHji) oyiiHy, h BuoraBKa, npHBieRmaa CBBme 
iVs MH2iioHOBi» nooiTHTeJiet, osaeaxacB ne Menie xory^urb opy^ieirK 
nponaraHAH. 

nocjii BToro He yAHBHreuHO, ^o jpui y^pesAenift, noxesHOOTL ko* 
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BCiTB OTOpOFB. IIOMHMO EpyEHUXB HOXepTBOBaHift JfiE yHHBepOHTeTOBB, 

HHOTHTyTOBi H T. n., ^emoKle EOMHTeTii eseroAHO cofinpanTB bo Bcix'B 
ropoAax'B n oejraxB oothh THeflTB ryiBAOHOBB au yorpofioTBa insojiB^ 
H Ha BTOXB nonpHn^ copeBHOBanie xesAy nixi^aiiH h ^exanH oco- 

6eHH0 BOJIHEO. 

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rem'a». Bb oxb^tb na 8X0 ^exn C08;^aiH cHlRonHy MaTHi^y». Bi. 
1860 r. BB BoreviH 6hio xhhib 10 opeAHHXi hiroxb, xenepB xaRHX'B 
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Tfli^u» co8AaHO CBume 100 Ha^aaBHiixii niROJnb, xaRB ^xo na noQiApr 
newh roAHUOMB BaoiAAHiH Hiif6ip;aro Schulverein'a ROMHxexB AOXseffB. 
6inrB cosHaxBCH, ^rro ero AiflxejiBHOoxB ooRpamaexca copaaiiipHO (Tb. 
pooxoxi «inROJ[BHOft MaxHi^ii». noAAepsRa cBoet ne^axH xaRse cooxaB- 
jifloxB oAHy HS'B rjiaBHHxi sa^a^'B ^emoRoft HxeJ[u^eHI^H, h bb Bo- 
revin cymiecxByeTTi xeaepB oroio 300 nepioAH^eoRHXB HSAaHift, ns^ 
ROHXB H&ROXopsH, RaRB «Karo€liu Listy», AooxHrn 20-xHCfliHaro 
xHpasa. 

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padAaBaxHOB saiofiH na Hixeip(HXB Parteitag'axB. 

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He cHoxpH na xo, vto oho 6fiuo aobojibho nepasCop^HBo bb npHMi^HeHlH 
MipB AJui noxaBJienifl ^emoRaro ABHsenur. 

nocjri OBopsoHiH MHHHGxepoTBa Taa^e, daarpuBaBmaro ob ^exaxH,. 
npaBHxeJiBcxBO cHOBa BcxynHJio na nyxB penpeocaiifl. BHHAHmrpeiVB» 
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HOOHXBCA RB OXOMy ABHSOHIK), RaRB RB BpeHOHHOMy, HaHOOHOMy. HeXB^ 



76 PyCCSOE BOrATGTBO. 

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vfbME. HexH nepdHeoJiH 6opB6y B'b crtHH napjiaiieHTa h, h6 ouorpa Ha 

TO, qiO OHH COOiaBIflJEH JUUHB MeHBHEHHOtBO, BWb yAaBaiOOB SA'&OB 

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xKh) y^esABHiB ojiaBHHOKofl rHMHasiH wh Q^hjuih, otaBura npioaEcejiB- 
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npooi 061 HBtiHpaTftiBHofi pe^opvi, cA^JEaiH HeBOsvosHHMi npHHHirie 
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HSBffiaro BO BpeMH ay^poHi^iH Hxnepaiopy: <ifu nonojiHiieirb Tonso 
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BHaaifB, ^To naniH hpoimbhhkh aojishu xaEOX) 6u to mr 6hjio a^hoi) 

g^QfiHTBOH npflMHp6HUI Ol ^OXajftHi. 

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ofioArHCB deal noHoms nxoB'b. 

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HHpeniA AocTHrHyfB. 

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eaott RopoHH. TaRHiTB odpaaojfB, yAOBJuetBopemd H^moi^Hxi Tpefio- 
BaiiS o6o6Haiaao-6ii piiHHTejcbHoe BHiOTyiLieHie na nyiB ^A^paTHB- 
fiaro paaA'&'eHiH Aaoipui. 

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naioseHie ABOipis, Roropafl, wb Ra^eoTad^ o^pBoJuaoaHOfl Boeanot 
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TOPKECTBO ^fflCKOS HAI^IOHAIBHOCTH. 7T 

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CROD, E RtaiBHHOKOlO, OTaHOBETOH Bl HaCTOOH^ee BpCMH prlmHTeoHO 
CJKaBflHCKOD CtpaHOD. ^B STD E HO MOSOTB 6iITB EHaqO BB OTpuA» 

TXk Ha HaceJienie vb 43 XEJuioHanpExoAHTGa uhib — oaMoe (kxiBinee — 
11 vsraoHOB'B HiimteBB, a oj^bahb eBsme 2i HHJrjiioHb». 

dm HfiiGJiH npeAeraBJttioT'B co6ox) ne aBaxeMH^iecKui^paBcyaEAraifl^ 
a HocflTOfl vb BOBiiyii; hmh npoHHsaDTOH ne toibko noxHTHqeoisie 

BOSaRH, HO H UpaBETOlBOTBO. H T^Hl* H6 MOHle ipy^O BipHTB, ^TQ 

rpa^y EaAenH yAacToa lenepB pasptniHTB btotb cnopi. UpaBHreyiB- 



T8 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO, 

<CTBO Ed's oamixi pasn^Hficn coo6paseHifl[ nonpofiyen en^e otta- 
HjTb oKOHiaTejiBHoe pimeHie, Mosen 6iiTb, BepsoTCfl flpMe sa Bpeiu 
vh penpecGEBSHiTL KipavL. Ho 8to Maxo miAjarb noiosejiie. Te- 
nepB yase js^a B&brb iioho, «eto yoiOHTB Vh HepaBHOirb caopi>— 
4^eETpaiH0TOKii[-jrH orpev xeHia BtHOsaro npaBHTonoTBa, hih ^eAepaxi- 
-OTH^ecKui TOHxeHi^K 'OTjsjkMhvairb Hai^OiiaiBHooTei. IIo6&Aa nooi^A- 

^aTh — TOAKO BOnpOiTB BpeMOHH, H HO O^OBB OTAUieHHarO BpOMeHE. 

n. SetdANHii. 



JoHTi AhtohIo KaHOBa(yL jtejib KaeTHJibo. 

(IIucbMo t/m Hcnaniu). 

Tpara^ecKaa enepTB nepBaro rooy;(apoTBeHHaro ^ejiOBiKa HeoaiiH, 
naBmaro hoboA sepiBot aHapxHSva, npoHSBejia rasejioe Bae^aiJiiHie 
Ea Boe eBponellcKoe o6ii(eoTBO, naKi no toA pou, KOTopyD Erpan 
KasoBacB jsfixb KaoiEJiLo wb sciopiE noojiiAEEX'B AecflTEjrtTii wb 
HcEafliE, laK'b s no nps^nsairb, BHSBaBnuiMi 8to ne^aiBEoe oo6HTie. 

KaEOBaoi xeiB KaoTHno, 6e3cnopEO, 6wrb oaehm'b nwb EaE6ojrt6 
BUAann^flxofl nojiHTE^eoKHX'B xiflTojieft HonaHiE vh Te^eaie XIX BiRa. 

KdkJSTb BOXA^ EBB'bCTEOfl EapilE, OEl BXbJL'b MEOrflXl nOIBTEHOCKEXl 

EpoTEBEEKOBi. Ho 6opi»6a (Tb EEEE Boer^a ooBepmaiacb sa koeote- 
Tyii[ioEEoi no^i. RaEOBaci oraEOBEJica bo rxaBi npaBETOiBCTBa eie 
ooraBJuuTL BiaoTB, CMorpfl no Tony, b^ uojosj KaRofi ebi GopaniHXOH 
naptifi OKiOEfljiHOB BioK napjiaEeBTOKaro npoAOTaBETenoTBa. Bpara 
€ro, xasib se, KaRi e owb oemi, c^EraiECB oi MEiEiEVE e npasaMH 
Apyi-B jipyra, e a^ui ycrpaEOEifl npoTEBEEsa on BiacTE se npB6i- 
raxE Bi Eaofli^oiBeEEinrB EiplurB. yCifloTBo RasoBaoa SE^ero 06* 
nv^ro E6 EEien 01 ero noiETEqeoKofi nporpaMHOt, EXiEOEy ooBop- 
moEEO EenpEWCTEM noiETE^eoKie epotebeeke nepsaro MEEEOTpa. 
KaEOBaoii najTB eo xaKi san^sTEEK'b Toft EiEApyrofi $opicu npaBjie- 
Hifl vb HonaEiE, eo KaKi npeAoraBEieiB Toro exe jsfijvoTO EanpaB- 
xeEifl BO BEyrpeEEefl e BEiiniEefl noxETExi orpaEU, a sasi sanotT- 
HEKi ooifiaxBEaro OTpOE, oy^ecTByK)^^iro eb oaeexi e lixi se Ea- 
^laiaxi Vb HonasiE, ebki e b% ocTaxbsoft EBponi. y^ificTBO npeas- 
AOETa EonasoKaro CoBira Meeeotpobi, bi dTom oTEOmeEiE, EBueToa 
BnoxBi aEaxorE^EHiTB npoEomexmeMy Eiosouso jrbrb Toxy EasaA^ 
ytfitoTBy npesExeETa ^paBi^yscKoft pecnyfiuKE RapEO. 06a oxtxaiiOB 
.sepTBaME aEapxBCTCBEX'b npeoiynieEift, toxbro noTOvy, ^ro ebxexbob 



AOETb AHTOBIO EAHOBACB Jl^Elb EAGTHJEBO. 79 

npeACxaBHTejiflini o6meoTB6Hiot BiaoTH h samiTU. B^ bvaj SToro 
;^paiia, padHrpaBmaaoji 27 inu (8 aBryora) Wh GaHn-Aryaxiy HirbeTB 
i3Haq6Hle ho HicTnaro co6HTiii, BHSBaHiaro oco6MtfH yoioBifliui lonaH- 
4)xot ofin^en^eoTBeHHofl sh3hh, a OHMirroMa oKpuTaro 6ojrl3HeHHaro oo- 
^CTOflHiJi, vh KOTopoiTB laxoAHTOfl coBpeMOHHoe OBponeftoKoe o6ii^eoTBo 
AT xoTopoe c^iJiaio bositoshkii'b Taicoe flBieme, kbri aHapxHSM'b. 

Ho ocraBBMi siorb Bonpoci, ho HMiDn^it npaicoro OTHomema 
Wb npejpieTy Hamero o^iepKa, h nooHorpEiTL, kto Taxoft 6ujn> KaRo- 
Baoi, xaxoe Micro saHHiiai'B owh ope^i ooBpeireHHHX'B nojrariraeoxHX'B 
naprifi HcnaniH h bi ^omi Bnpasaeioii sxa^eHie aroro rooyAapcTBOH- 
flaro A'i^Texfl b'b HCTopiH coBpeneHHOft HonaHlH. 

Bayxi oAHoro hbi repoeBiBotHsisaHeaaBKCHMooTB 1808— 1810 rr. 
« owL-h yqirrexfl Mopcxoft xoueria GaffB-TexBMo vb Maxart, JiflKh- 
AhtohIo KaHOBaoi a^xb KaoTHXBO poAUoa bi btoitb ropoj!^ 8 $6b- 
paiA 1828 r. PaHSflfl CMeprB on^a h OToyTCTBie opeACTBo^ xi oyn^e- 
<rrB0BaHiK) noCy^HXH JI,oh'b AhtohIo, xax'B orscpmaro hsi ouHOBeft, xora 
H oqeBBX)Haro, sairfaeTHTB oTi^aB'BAoxacHOGTHnpenoffaBaTexfl. Gbohkh 
'BapaOoTxaiTB ofb noAAepsHBarB oenBX), cocTOflBoiyK) wrb unrtepR h 
^exupexi dpaTBeBx. 

Ob 1845 r., HecMorpfl Ha oboe 17 x^tb, KaHOBaoi npeAiipHBxxi> 
n^A&Hie rasoTH: <l.a Joven Malaga^ (<MoxoAaa Maxara»). Tasera ora 
<oxysHxa BupaseHierb micxei n lyBOTB'B xoHoepBaiEBHaro dxeMexra 

irtOTEOfl MOXOAOSHf Kl ROTOpOMy npHHaA^^SiUE'B KaHOBaO^, H BB TO 

xe BpeMfl— opeAOTBOMB yAOBxeiBopflTB xHTepaTypHonoBTH^ecsiii na- 
XXOHSOCTH nocx!£AHflro. Ho «La Joven Malaga», noAo6HO tioxBiDHH- 
GTBy npeAnpiBTift aioropoAa, cxopo npexpaTxxa OBoe oymeoTBOBaHie sa 
HeAOOTaTROiTB noAnHO^HxoBB. ^yscTByx npHSBBEie xi XBTepaiypHoft A'ba- 
TOXBHOOTE, cosHaBafl seAOCTaToqEOCTB OBoero o6pa80BaHifl, KaHOBaoi 
raroTExofl MOHOTOHsoft, 6tAHofi ooAepsaxieM'B seshbd b-b npoBEEi^axB- 
HOiCB ropoAxi AHAaxysiH e pBaxcE b'b MaAPVffB, — ary o6iTOBaHHjH) 
B61UK) HcaaHoxoft ^poBBH^iaxBHoft MOxoAOSE, OTpeMflnitefioa oobastb 
^e6i EHfl E noxoasoEie bi o6n^ecTBi. Me^ia 621x9 ocynteerBxesa. Ra- 
HOBaoi EBExcE BB MaApEAB E CTBX'B GxymaiB xeK^iE Ha K)pEAE^e- 
t^KOiTB ^axyxBTerb, sapaOoruBaa bb to me Bpeifii xycoxi xx'bSa vb 
xaqeoTBi oxyxan^aro wb ynpaBxexiE MaApxAo-ApaflxyacKot xexisHofi 
AoporE. 8Ta nopa sesee KanoBaoa 6uxa BpeiiefleirB yoEx^EBaro TpyAa 
H Eay^EurB saEETift. Xex7> owb vb cxpoMHoft €casa de huespedes* sa 
yxEi^ Yalyerdei OTicEEE oetia bo bcoitb e Tpaix ooraToxi cboexi 
xsxyAHHxi aapafioTXOBi EOBxx>?BTexBHo Ha xsEni. Gbo^oaeoo BpeiCE 
OH'B nocBfln^affB xETepaTypsofi a^^toxbhoote, noiiinitaH oboe pa60T£i 
fiexxerpECTE^ecxaro bxe nyOxE^HOTE^ecxaro xapaxTepa bb pasnuxB 
xypsaxaxB. Bi noAO^HOirB xe noxoxexiE HaxoAEXECB e HixoTopue 
E81 cBepcTHExoBii E TOBapEE^eft KaHOBaoa, xoTopuicB Taxxe npflm- 

XOOB BHOCXiACTBlE EPpBTB BHAADnKyDCfl pOXB B'B nOflHTE^eCKOft ECTO- 

piE OTpaHH, xaRi RaoiexEp'B, Afiaxa, MapTOCB s ap« Hotehehitb 
H^^acTBeiTB AJUi KasoBaca 6bixo to, ?to vb MaApEA'b owb Eamex'B noA-* 



80 PyCCBOB BOFATCTBO. 

AepSKy H co^jBCTBie eo oropoHH osoero poACTBeiEHKa, HSBioTHaro 
jTHtepftTopa A. Cepa^HHa doieBaHeoa KasBAepoHa. IIooir&KHift mhofo 
ooAtttoTBOBarB Ha^HHann^eiry nHoaTeiD saBflsaiB eHomeiiia o& jeto- 
paiypHUHH E nojEHmecKHifH sHaneHHTOcnMv Toro BpeimiH^ n Kano- 
BaCB HaBoer^a ooxpaHm ^lyBOTBO rjiy6oEOit npHaHaTejrBHOOTE saosa- 
saEHUfl euj yciypE vb rpjj^jv> nopy sobee. KEBra KaEOBaoa cEL 
SOlitario y gu tiempD^, Vb EOTopofi ovb npeAoraBEn fiiorpa^in eiora 

EEOH^eiE, fifiUa OASEITB Vffb BHpaSOEiS BTOft 6j[arOJ|apEOOTE. 

npB nocpeAOTBi dGT6BaEeoa KaEOBatrB otivEsuoE oi BsaveEETsnrK 
wh TO BpeEE nyfim^flOTaiTB A- XoaKEsoirB ^paEOEoso Ila^eBo, ko- 
TopBit, oi^EEBi xETeparypEiifl onooofiflooTE eoioaofo aE^^aiysi^a, npE- 
rjcacEn ei^o y^aoTBOoaTB vb cbooitl xypsairfc cLa Patriae. La. 
Patria BnoortAOTBiE o;rfaRU[ao& opraEOKi noniE^eoBofl naptiE €J[e- 
OepanEaE yEifl», r<b soropoft npEEaAsesaxi KaEOBtOB. KasiE saxau 
npeojiiffOBaia Bra napxiE, e saKEirb xapaBrepoifL oTHEqaiaoB OEa— 
jh^fiwb stoKOjr&Eo sEve. 

Havaflo EapjiaHeBrapEOft AteTesBEOGTE KaEosaoa ooBnaA&o'TB cfh 
Haoryiuresiex'L peB(KiH)ii;iE 1854 r. Evy Tor;(a 6iuo Boero mnib 2fr 
Ji'farb, Eo BjiiflEie ero 6uiO yse EaorojibKO BexBEO, ^to OMy nopy^EO 
fifiuo GocTaBieEie xaK'B EassB. <MaEoaBapeooKaroKaEE$eora7ii)iiE>, 
hi KOTopoM'B «nporpeoeflOTa» crasEJiE oboe ytkioBiE sopost, e *soto- 
pfirt noAEEoavb fiinrB O'^OHeEen. Torx^ace KaEOBaei E86pasi»6Hi^ 
xeoyraTOEi otb t. Maiani vh yqpeAETensHe KopTooH, BupadoraB- 
Erie EOByn KOEOTEtyi^X), KOTopas, o^EaKo, BOJiiAGTBie peani^iE, Eaoty- 
EEBorei B'B 1855 r., eo noxy^sxa npaBTE^eoRaro npEvbseHiE. Bocopi. 
noert STOro KaEOBaoi saEEEaerb Btussst nofsrh vh xEEBorepoTBi 
EEotyrpaBEiirB ^<b, nojiywBn AHiuotfaTEqeoRyi) luicoii) b% Pemtb 
Jim EOAroTOBJieEiE ROSBopxaTa Memjsj HonaEieft e BaTERaEoirb. Ilpe* 

6B[B(lBieMl Vb Pfllrt OVb BOCSOEBSOBaTBOS ^M CBOER^ Eaywo«apTEoifl- 

^eoREXi i^iieft, co6pajirB T8Ei» MEoro npexvoTOBi EORyccTBa e xoRy- 
HeiTOBii Au cocTaBiBElfl ffsyxi EOTopE^eoRErB pa6o!rB cBsETie PEKa» 
E cCpaseEie npE lIaBiE>. IIo BosBpafl^eEiE b% HonaEix) oeb Easna- 

qeffB 6uA'b BflIie-AHp6RT0pOEl» XEEEOTepOTBa EEOOTpEEEElXl ff/kTby 

sarbE'B EtROTOpoe Bpenfl 6hjii rydepEaiopoiTB KaffERoa, a bi 1858 r. 

8aEirJk*B OAEEB Hn BaiTE'bfimEX'B nOOTOB'B B'B EEEEOTOpOTBi BEyTpOEflflX'B. 

Atff'B. Bi TO^eEie Boero BToro BpeMOEE oei He ooTaRiflEi oBoefi Eayno- 
EBTepaTypBoS A^ETejrBEOOTE E Vb 1860 r. H8AaI^ EETopeoEoe oouise- 
Eie <o Ea^ait e ROEi^i BoeEEoft cyupeifeTiE EcnaEi^eBi vh EBpooii,. 
ROTopoe oTRpuEo ovy AOCTyiTB B'B RopoEBBORyn aRaxeiiii) ECTopis. 

BEyrpeEEie pasAopu napiiE, vb Roiopoft npHEaAiesarB KaEOBaei^ 
saoraBEm ero Ea ElROTopoe BpeHE oomBETB EEBEcrepoTBo, e oei 

OTOfln BEt EOEfl'nSRfl ffO 1864 T., SOrAB nOJEyHBTB DOpT^eEB MEEE- 

oreptfTBa BEyrpeEEErB a^jki vb yE'lpefiEo-jn[6epajH»Eox% BatfEEOTt 
Moee; sartiTb oA'bJiaiGfl meeeotpowb soEOEitt b npediiMn eb aioiis 
nowy AD 1866 r.y osEaireflOBaBi cboh) A^uerreiBEooTB oooraBiesievB 
SBROEonpoeRTa 061 yEE^toaceElE pa6oTBa bi EooaEOREX'B roeoeiex'B. 



JSfiWb ABTOHIO KAH0BAC1> ]l,T^Xh KACTEJOiO. 81 

^0 nooiliAHiiro MOMeHTa on BU^Hmaari jiH6epaiBHHfl habh bohothtj- 
i^oHHOft MOHapxiH npoTHB'B ycuHBaBDieiofl peaRi];iOHHot nojotiEKH 
HapBaaoa h roHcaxeca BpaBo, npeAOKaausaa, iro era nonTHsa npi- 
WK&tb vb norept nsafieuioft II ipoHa. 

npexoKaaaHie aro oOhjoob. Ho pamune liwb roBopjriB o(h» drom, 
Heo6xoAHXO nosHaKOiiHTBoa oi xapaKiepoirB HonaxoBix'B nonme- 
OKHXi napiifi h ysiaTB, KaKoe irboro opoAH bbtl saiHicax'b KaioBaoi. 
^STateiB BBBHHVFb Had, eojTH fflM 6osbmet aghooth mh Ha^uieMi» 

HiCKOIBKO BSAaiOKa. 



BosHiBHOBeHie wh HcnaHiH nojiHTi^ecKBX'b napiifi bx co6ciseH- 
Hoifb emicjrb arcfto exosa oiHOOHTCfl ro BpeiceHH npOBOsrjiameHlfl Ka- 
ABROKoi xoHCTHryi^ 1812 r., KOTopaii BBiaeTOfl a^iomi n6epaiOB'b, 

JOBOHBUmXl HAOH nepOAOBSEX'B ^paHI^OKHXX MUOAHTeJieft H BOCTOp- 

seeTBOeaBinHX'L bb A&HHHfi MOMeHn HaAi* oTopoHHHKaicH cTaparo a6oo- 
noTHOTQKaro peaoiHa. TocnoAOTBO sroft napxiH 6iiio senpoAonoiTejiBHo. 
PeaKii;iji, HacryiiHBniaii bi 1814 r. h npoAOJEsaBinaiiofl ao 1820 r.,npi- 
ooraHOBBxa pasBBiie jrHtiepaxBioft napriH h BOseraHOBfljia torapuft no- 
pflAOSB*. PoBonoi^fl 1820 r. Tonso aa 3 roAa BoaoraiOBHJia napan- 
MOHiBpEHft peaHMB. Cb 1823 r. HawHaeToa HOBaii peasqia, npecxi- 

AJDTCfl utiepaiU, E I^ipHTB nOAHHft a6C0SH)TI3ll'b AO 1883 r., ao OMepTH 

OepAHBaHAa YII. IIpoBosrjiainoHHafl pereHrmet, no oiyqai) HOoOBop- 
meHHojrlTia eopOjeobki HsaOeuii II, naTbea, Mapia-XpECTHHa, AQ'saa 
Ciijia o6paTiTBCfl sa bomoii^bk) st uSepaxaiTB a" 6opB6u npoxHBi^ 
xapjiHCTOBB H Jl. Kapjiooa, oonapHBaBmaro xpoHB bb obod iiojn»3f . 
^(jm npHBJie^eHiii jiHfiepajioBB Ha obok) oropoHy, OHa HSAaxa 10 anpixa 
1834 r. T. Has. «opraHH^6CRifi OTaiyTBi nanoAotiie toS ROHCTHryiiiioHHOft 
xapriH, xoTopaa nosaxOBaHa 6urs JIidaobekomb XYIQ ^paHiiyBCROiiy 
BftP<)Ay9 K Tofi, KOTopafl noBse Aana Ohm IlBeMOHTy KapiOHB-AxBtiep- 

TOVB. 

Gb btexb nopB cynieoTByDTB ABt ROHOTBTyiuoHHua napxiH pa- 
AOMB ApyrB OB ApyroMB, Ha noHBi oahhxb h rhxB se yqpesAOHiJt: 
iBtfepaxBHaa (xphothhoch), ycBOHBrnaa nocjrb OKOHqamH nepBofl Kap- 

XROTKOtt BO&HEI BB 1839 T. HaSBaHiO npOrpeOOHBHOft, H KOHCepBaTHB- 

Haa. IIpeACTaBHTejuitf H nepaoft 6wa AprajiBeoB, MaprHHecB Aexa Poca» 
dcnaprepo, HapaaBCB, MoHAeoadaxB, FoHoaiecB BpaBo, a BiopoS — 
Cea BepHyAecB, HcTypnoB, Mohb, IlEAajiB, IlaqeKo. MesAy bthmh 
napxiflMH npoHCxOAHTB OesnpepuBHo 6opB6a hbb sa BxaoTH, oonpo- 

BOa^aaCB npHABOpHHMH HHTpHraMH, BOeHHUHH tfyHTaiEH, HSM^HeHiHHH 

BB xoHCTHTyipH. Bb 1854 T. nporpeocHCTH HaqHHaK)TB OHiBHyD onno- 
SHipx) npoTHBB ROHcepBaTopoBB, cTOflBmHXB y BxacTH E sioynorpetf- 
xaBmHxi ex), a roHepaiB O'^ohoib npoHSBOARTB pronunciamiento^ 
nocAiACTBioMB KOToparo 6bub nepexoAB MEHECTepoTBa bb pyRE npo- 
rpeccEOTOBB. Bb RopoiRift npoaesjTORB BpeiieHH ohh npoBOAaiB 8a- 
ROHH sejrfeHHXB AoporaxB, npoAaarb i^epROBHiixB EMymeoTBB m 

M 9. OniM-h n. . Q 



82 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

nfirranTOfl a^tb TopaceciBO Bjsfi/b o HanjiOHajiBHOirB oyBepeBarerl, ho 
Ha 8T0MI nynsTi lepnarb nopaseHie, n bjriotb oHoaa nepexoAHn 
El KOHcepBaTopavB. 

Bb 9T0 BpoMH 8B0Ai)itui napiil BcrynaeTB wb hobji) ^asy. nooii 
norepH nporpeccHOTavH BJiacTH, <npaBafl> arofl napiiH eoejinHseTOH crh 
€jrhBoi» KOHcepsaTHBHoft, o6pa8yeTOflHOBafl h, hoa'b HasBanieirL en- 
6epajiBH0fl yiini, saHHMaeTB npoMesyxoqHoe MioTo uemjij rbjub 
nepBiuiH. Ki 8Toft EiieHHo napxlH, bosaoitb Koropoft 6iab O'^o- 
HOjiB, npflCTaix RaHOBaci. B% 1858 r. O'^onen) yxaeTOfl oBKt^jifbsb 
MHBECTepcTBOx'B H y^epsaTB ero vb pyKaxi OBoet napris bi le^eiie 
^exupex'B jAtl h bocbmh irboai^eBi: ^aKii He6iiBaj[Bd& aotojtI. Bi 
1863 r. XHHHcrepoTBo O'JI^OHeiii naxaen^ cAKferb saTiiE'B ^acraa 
oMiHa KafiHseTOBi yHioHHoroKaro hjih KOHcepBaTHBHaro xapaKrepa, 
noKa peampoHHaa nouinsa nsafiejuoi II se paspimaeToa peBojoo- 
i^efl 1868 r. 

Gotfinie, HSfiioTHoe nogb BMeseirB c6HTfl6pB0Roft peBomi^E, 6iiJio 
fl/biowb Tpexi napiifi: «iiporpeooBOTOBi>» pa60TaBinHX'L 0% ysjieve- 
Hien'B Bi» noxBsy ycTaHOBieHia npHHi^na HapoAHaro cyBopeHHTera, 
<yHiOHHOTOB'B>, nojiBsoBaBinHXGa 6o3a>mMWb oo^BOTBiem b'b orpaHi 
H onHpaBniHXGa Ha apiiii), h napriH €AexoKpaToBii>, nocreneHHo 
ofipasoBaBmeftcfl mi> SBsaxBTHpoBaHHiixi nporpeocHoroffb €ilBOft>, ho- 
noB%piBaBmBX% peciiy6jiHRaHOKo-X6iioi(paTH^eoKiH habh; opranoirB hx^ 
cjtysEJTB yse Bi 1839 r. sypnajii <E1 Huracan», HSAaBaBmiftoH 
noBTOiTB donpoHceAa, KOToparo HasuBaDn HcaaHOEurB BafipoHOiTB. 
PooTL 8T0A napxiH, bosaomi Koropofi OAiiajios dHHiio Eaotojuepl, 
tvun* HacTOJDiEo Cuorpii, ?to yse wb Eopreoaxi 1855 ro^a 20 ao- 
xoKpaTE^eosHxi A^nyTaTOBi BotHpoBaiH npoiHBi xoHapxin. Bii le- 
HOHle AOCHTH nooiiAyion^HXTi jrbTB napiiH noorendHHO yBejiH^HBaia 
OBOH pflAH H BJiHHie, MOSAy T^M'B EaKi HOJiHTHKa Tlza6evai II cia- 
HOBHiacL Boe 6ojiie HenonyiapHOft. 5 H0fl6pfl 1865 r. AexoEpaTBi 
HHiflH MHTHHrb vb leaipi JiHceo, rAt H36paiH hsi cBoeit cpeAu 
HOHHieTi), EOTopony nopy^eno 6iuo opraHHSOBaiB ooDpoTHBseHie 
peasi^OHHOMy npaBHTOJiBOTBy. Boennoe BOScraHie renepaia IIpHifa h 
CesnopflAKH wb MaApHAi vb 1866 roAy 6ujih nepBUHH npeABtoTHB- 
xaiui npH6xflsa]Dn^eltofl rposu. %o6u opeAynpeAHTb ee, HsaSejua 
npHHysAena 6iua npEdBaiB ei BiiaoTH renepajia flapBaeoa, ho oMoprb 
ero 23 anpijifl 1868 r. lasi so, Kasi h npoAinecTBOBaBinafl ett 
CHopiB 0'Ji;oHe2fl (6 HOflGpfl 1867 r.) JiHmHjia TpoHi HeofixoAHMOft 
noAA^psEH CO cTopoHU nonyjTHpHHxrb Boa^eft napiifi, a HBrnaHie hb'b 
KopoJEeBOTBarepiloraMoHaaHOBe, MHorHX'B reHepaxoB'B h niKOTopHX'b 
uenoBi o^^03H^ioKHot naprift pinniJio yiacTB MonapxiH HoadejuH U. 
17 oeHTH6pfl 1868 r. Bi KhahecI BonuxHyia peBOJII)^iH, bo rxast 
EOTopoft OTajTb aAHHpan Toneie, bosah 0^^08H^i0HH0ft napiiH Ca- 
raoia h Copn^rBH, a na cxtAyDn^ift AOHb roHepaJTB IIpHMi HSAairb 
MaHH^eoTL HHBjioaKeHiH nsaOeim. OoiaBaBnriecfl BipniiMH eft booh- 
fiue oipflAu pasoiflHU 6hih poboidiuohhidu BOftcEaxH npn AMh^ 



AOHl AHTOHIO RAHOBACL AEIB SACTHIBO. 83 

soiea, nocjA ^ero Hsafieua aoishe 6uxa hok&tb yfiisH^a bo ^pas - 
^. npeABOAVTejm BosciaHifl MesA7 Tiirb opraHHsoBajiH BpeneHHoe 
npaBHiejiLOTBO n vh 1869 r. oosBan y^effHTeniiHe sopToou au 
nepeoMorpa kohctetjiph. JlfinjtBkTU b'b soprecH H86paHu 6Hn no- 
opeAOTBOMi Bceo6maro rojrocoBaHifl. BoAmHHOTBO oocraBJuuH A6ifo- 
RpaTH, plmHBinie npOHSBOOTK ESuiEewia. bi kohothtji^h bi AOMspa- 
THiecROSfB AT^i, 0% coxpaHOHieirB, o^HaKO, KopojEOBOKofi BiacTH, a 
peony6jrflisaHCKHxi AoayTaTOBi 6hj[0 tojibko 71. Bi bthxi Kopre- 
-carB npHHHMai'B laKse y^aorie vb Ka?eoTBi A^nyraTa h Kaao- 
Baoi. HsrHaHHHt HesaAOiro ao oeHTfl6poKOfi poBOJinqiH, ohi Bosspa- 
niofl Bi oTe^eoTBO nooii HHBioseEia Hsafieura II, ho ho npHHHMank 
7qacTifl vh co6£iTUiXi. n86paHH£ifi AonyTaTOirB wb KopieoH, obtb o% 
,piXKHirB BOOAyineBxenieirB BHOTyuHn npoTHBi TopseoTBynioiet xo* 
MospaTiH, AOKaausafl npeHicyn^ecTBa KOHCTHryi^oHHoft MOHapxis 
nepeAT» peonytfnsoft h san^nn^aii npoTHBi HanaffOE'BMapii) XpsctHEj 
X H8a6eJU[y, ho ho Basi npHABopHiifl, a Ras'b y6isAeHHHt xonap- 
XHon, saAaBinitofl i^iiBiD caooo6oTBOBaTb pecTaBpaipH Byp6oHOBii. 
Jl^eMOKpara npoBOJiH saKOH'b o KOHCTBTy^iiI 1869 r. h BpeKeno 
nopyqBJiH perenicTBO ren. Ceppano, piniHBi BoscTanoBHTb KopoieB- 
OKyi) BJiacTL. Gpe^H 6oj[LiiiHHOTBa oSHapysHiHOB paBHorjradfl no bo- 
npooy TOMi, eto aojis6H% 6utb HsOpavB KopoJieirB, ohhb-ih Haa- 
<iojUH n — Ajq^ohgi, MyvB-JiH OH ceorpH — repi^oi-B MosDaHeBe^ 
nopiyrajiBORift'iH BopoxB — vb HHTopeoaxi o(h>eAHHeHiH nojiyooTpoBa 
MiE repi^orB Ma^pHACKift — Baysi A. Rapioca. TeHepajTB IIpHin., 
ooiBsoBaBmifiofl lor^a orpoHHHirB BJikHieirB, npeAiosKn KaHAHXft- 
Typy npHHi^a JleonojrBAa ToreHi^oxiepHa, ho, KaKi HSBiorao, et boo- 
spoTHBHjDiefl HaaoJieoHi lU, hto h noaiysHJio HeDocpeACTBeHHmrB. 
nOBOAOMi pH $paHEo-npyccRoft boShu 1870 r. HaROHei^, nooxi 
iipoAOiSHTejiBHux'B cnopoBi, 16 HOflfipa 1870 r. 6oibhihhotbo 191 
rojiooa npoTHBi 101 npHiflio npoAioseHHyx) xim ase reHepaxoM'k 
UpHxoiTB RaHAHAarypy BToporo ciiHa BHRTopa-dxiiaHyHJA — Am6X6H 
OaBoficKaro, ROTopHft h 6iurB npoBosnanieHi RopoieirB. 9to (Sou- 
mHHOTBo, TaKB HasuBaeioixi, <aiieAeHcfoB%> cooraBJUUH HftRoropHd 
HB'B uoHOBi €u6epaiBHofi yHiH» (<npaBafl> — Toppe, Ataxa, Po- 
Mepo PofijieAO H AP)f Ti varb j^euoKp^rcovb, Roropue o6^BflBHiH oete 
^rropoHHHRaMH noHapxiH («ji'&Bafl>— PHBopo, dqerapeft, Kanaiexaci) 
«, HaROHOi^'B, Boi nporpeccBOTU (<i^eHTpB»). 

npHOiiTie HOBaro Ropoju coHpoBoa^ajiooB neqaiBHmrB axa Hero npoA- 
^HaxeHOBaHiem. FeHeparB IIpHirB, 6oiie BcftrB cnooofioTBOBaBinit 
BOBBeAeHiD ero na TpoHB, npo'lssaa fb Raperb no oahoM hbi yjHi^-B 
MaApHAa, cpoAH Giuia ahh 6ujrb yfinrB maftROi) yfiilii^ Roropux'B 
Aftse HO miraiHCB pasBioRHBatB. 

Co BpexoHH BCTynieHia AneAeH na npeoroni KaHOBaciyoTpaHuefl 
OTB nojiHTHHeoRoS A^TeiBHocTH, coxpaHHH, oAHaRo, canoe noqnrejiB- 
^floe oTHomoHie si> HOBOJuy jconapxy, vb ouy obohxi xoHapxH^ecRHxi. 
^HkKj^eEiA. Ho RorAa paAHRaxBHaa naprui CTaia saiiiTHO jouHBaTBes. 

6* 



84 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

H Bce npoABtn^airo ftiHSBoe ycTaHOBxeme pecnyfinu, KanoBaoi pft-^ 
mflTejBDbHo OTsn bo rxavfc peoTaBpai^oHHaro abhsohubi, pa6oTafl b^ 
noi&sf oiiHa Hsatiejuii II — fi,. Aih^nctk n npHHUBx HeorpaHHveHHSiO' 
nouoMotifl on BnoAHixoBipHBmetofl ejcy, pasBiHusHoi sopojieBcsofr 
$aiaui£ HcnaHui. Pa^iKajaHafl napm o6pa80BaxaGfc,' 6jiaroAapfl ho- 
Bo8 Koii6]iHaAin pasuuHXL aieiieHTOBi yaie oymeoTBOBaBniErL no- 
XHTneoKHxi naptifi. <I(eHTpx> h €jrbBafl» aM^eHOTovL cooahehihcb. 
Meai^ C060S E o6pa80BajiB napTiv <nporpeeoHOTOBi-ffeifORpaTOBi», 
HO, 6iaroAapH neooriacUiHi bosaoS oh, GaraoTH h Pyioa Cophibh, 
Bi Hei cKopo o6HapyxHJiofl pacKon: Caraoia cuohhach kb ofiiHxe* 
HiD n yHioHHcraMH, lorxa kbhi PyHoi CopniBH 6un ctopohhbxoh^ 
oyapeMaxiB A&MospatOB'B. OOpasoBaucb jpi hobuh naprii: pa^HKajtB- 
Haa, cocTOflBmaa hsx fiKBrnHxi AeMOKpaxoB^ h OoxBniHHCTBa nporpeo- 
CHCTOBi H npHSflaBaBmafl cbohmi^ Boac;t6Mi Pynoa Gophibd, e KOEoep- 
BaTEBEBE, B% oociaBi KOTopofl BomjiE stsoTopue nporpeocEOTu E B&L 
yflioEEOTU, EpESEaBiOBOEHEBoawuHrepi^oraToppe h Caracry. nap- 
TiE dTE oxecTo^eEHO fiopoxECB Moa^^y 0060A, Bl RopoTRoe Bpevfl 

OMtEEXOOB HiOROEBRO MEEEOipOBl, AHeAOtt EpOflBIfliTB HHOrO TaRTB H 

TepuHKocTE no OTEomeEiD Ro Bcikwh naprJEMB, eo, eo omotpe Ea obojR* 
XE6epaJKE8BnE», rbrb EEocTpaseii(i, obi eo noiBSOBajiOfl nouyjupso- 
CTED E 11 ^OBpaxfl 1873 r. oqen ce6fl BHuya^eEEHMi orpevbOE otb. 
npecTOJia. HeMOAieEEo BoiiAi» saTim bb RopTooaxi noAEan 6hirb, 
Bonpoo^ o6b yoTaEOBJiOEiE peouyOiERE. 319 ceEaTopoBi e Aenyra- 
TOB'B BHORaaanoB bb noiBsy pecny&iERE npoTEBi 32 aA^oEOEOiOBi. 
yfliOEEOTOBB, E peouy&iERa 6iua npoBoarjianiesa. 

PeonyfixERa, npoBosriameEEafl sa $6AepaTEBE0VB sa^aii, npooy- 
HiaoiBOBaJia Boero eeeib 11 MicEi^eKB, vh ToioEie Roropun yonin 
oepexisBTBCE qerHpe MEEEoiepcTBa— -^Eryspaca, Ufl-E-Mapraju, Ra^ 
oieupa E CaJDUcepoEa. He oAHony hsi eexi eo yAaxooB oEpaBEXBOE' 
01b TpyAHOOTEHE, ROTopufl cosAaBaio AoroBopsoe sa^axo EOBoft roe- 
OTBTyipE. npESEaEie pecny6xERE na ^eAepaiEBEovB Ea^art EMiia 
CBOEMB EoortAOTBieM'B RasTOEaiBEoe ABEXOEie vh RoxoEiaxB E npo- 
BEEi^xi, BOBoraHie Ea Ry6i e BTopyx) RapxECTCRyD BotEy. 

2 EEBapE 1874 r., bi> totb aohb, rofab RopTOCii H86pajui npeaE- 
A6ET0H% peonyOxHRE GaxBMepoEa EaMicTO KaorexEpa, roEepaiB lEa- 
Bifl npoEBBOJTB rocyAapcTBOEEKft nepoBopoTB, pasoiflX'B cofipaaie, a. 
CeppaEO npoBOsrxanieEi Oiutb AHRTaTOpom. 9to 6iuo Tpiyn^E'E. 
BoeEEot napTiE, ynopEO fiopoBmefloE npoTEBB RapxEoroBi e EysAaa- 
meftofl' Au yonimHooTE 6opb6h vh 6oxie tbopaoeb npaBEreiBOTBi.. 
IlaBifl coBBaxi oo6paEie E0Ta6xefi a^a o6oyxA6flifl Bonpoca ^pnt 
npaBiefllE. RaEOBaoi jifisb RacTExBO oeobb BuoryiuurB bb san^ETy 
nptoB AxB^osoa sa npeorojB, yRassiBas eb to, ^to peoraBpai^ifl £yp- 

6OEOBB— -eAEECTBeEEOe OpOAOTBO BUBOCTE £[caaHiX> H3B BEapxlE. Ho 

npeffioaceHie Ohio OTBoprEyro, e RaEOBaoB csoBa npHHEXB buseab- 
TOJUbHoe noxosBEie. ffOTBXjps^ CeppaEO npoAoxsaxaoB ao 2» jifiuGpa 
1674 r.^ ROFAa npoEBonixo hobob pronunciamiento, npoEBBeAOEEoe: 



« AOHl AHTOHIO KAHOBACb ABIB KAGTHJTBO. 85 

VB noflBsy AJii^oHca XII reiepajroirb MapTHHeeoirL KaMnoooHi, oro- 
4iBinHiii» BO rjiasi BollcKa vh CarjHrt, z^b KOTopoiiy npHOoeAHHUoa 
s CeppaHO, HaxoKHBmiScfl b^ Ma^pHAi *). KaHOBaoi opHSHajTb 
OaryHTOKitt nepeBopon, xora roBopHu noroiTB AP78UirB, ^rro 
npeAno^ejn 6m npoBOsrxanieHie Ajib^oHca XII Eopoiem vb Kopre* 
^n, ^wh Bi> BoeHHoifB Jiarepi. 

HsBtn^eHHstt 060 Bceifb npovomoAiiieirB, Ajib^ohoi HeiieffJieHHO 
nopy^njTB BxacTB ao cBoero npHSsrrifl ooBftry peresTOTBa, bo riaBi so- 
Toparo oraii Garaora. CKOpo, bi coiipoBoaEAeHiH MapTinieoa EaM- 
noba, Bi» HaApHAi» flBEioa h oanx KopoaiB. P60TaBpa^ifl BypfiosoBi, 
BasiTsaa xe^Ta KanoBaoa, Gsjia, TaKnirb o6pa80Mi, oc7ii^6CTB:ieHa. 
^OoTasaiocB ynpo^sTB noioseHie AHHaorii Ha npeoroii, yMEporso- 
piTB KapiHCTOB^ H Ky6aHCKErB HHoypreHTOBi, apoAOjnsaBinHrB 6opB6y, 
H, HaK0H6i;i, npHVHpHTB paaiHqHiifl napTis ci peoiaBpai^iet nyreiTB 
HSAaHifl HOBot KOHCTHTyipH vh tosiB n6epajB[BH0]rB Ayxi- Boo bto 
jiflmewh Curb cffiiaTB KanoBaoi), soxopoMy Aib^ohoi XII, hb- 
xeAieHHO no cbooitb npHfiHrii b'b MaApH^^t nopy^HjrB cooTasjieHie 
aoBaro RafimieTa. KafiHserB btotb noxjmJTb HasBaHie cnpHurpiTexB- 
Haro», rssTb kbjl% naBa ero ycrpaHflX'B Bcasyx) khoib penpecoa- 
jiiflrB H MBctH. <M£[, roBopEJi'B KaHOBaoi, HanipeHH npoAOJisaTB 
iiOTopiD ncnaHiH>, aejiaa CKasaTB bthitb, ^to peoraBpaipfl ho 6y- 
^en peaKipett npoTHB'B peB02iDi(ioHHaro nopioAa, a 6yAeTB cxftApBatB 
TpaAmiiflirB e HHrepBcairB HoaaHosaro HapoAa. 

' PecTaBpaipn npoflSBejni, rxaBEHirB otfpasoiTB, <aiB^EOHOTH>, 
EaxoAEBiniecH noA% pyKOBOAOTBoirB RaHOBaca; ApyrHMH bosaame Biot 
oapriE GuiE ^paflOHCKO GfliBBeiB h 8cTe6aHeo'B; BCRopii 01 Hen ooe- 
^HEiECB cyx'&peHHHe» BpeiieflH naadejuH II (RopAenacB e apO h 
fliROTopse €yHioHHCTH» (Aflajia, Povepo PofixeAo, 3ji[BAyafieHi). 06par 
•BOBaiaoB T. Eas. €Au6epaAf>no'noHc^eamtt6HaH^ naprifl, Boa^eirB 
ROTopofi cAiuiajicfl s ocTaBajicfl jtp caiioft cMepTE Kasoaacx. GyAB6a 
^pyren napiit 6HJiia laROBa. 

€KoHcmumyuioHHaH> poBOiDipoHEaro uepioAa no6'kBAeEa 6Hia 
MapTHEeoi-KaEnocoifB e npBimpHiacB arb coBepmHamEECfl ^'aRioirB; 
<paduKaAf>HaH* saEflJia irbcTO onnosEiiis e, ooeAHESBmECB cb ffbco- 
TOpuHE EBi pecay6iaRaECRBrB BireMeETOB'B, eoa^ riaBBEGTBOMi PyHca 
<?opHJiBE, o6pa80Baj[a npotpeccueHO-deMOKpamuHecKyn) napTin, pasSEBr 
myncfl no CMopiE cBoero bosa^ sa ab^ $paRI^B: yMipesHyi) (Muro) 
E peBoxiDiiiOEEyK) (Esquerdo); <pecnyffAUKaHCKaH^ pasA^iEsaoB Ha 4 
•^paRi^iE, BosAflVEEOTopHxitiiujrECaJEBiiBpOEB, KaGTBJUEpB, ^EFyapacx 
HllE-E-MaprajiB; nepBHo Asa EBJUiDTOECToposHERaxEyHETapHot peo- 
ny Gjihre, TorAa RaRi A^a nocjrbAHExiiCTOflTBBa^eAepaTflBEyx). IlapTifl 
Kaorejupa s ^EryBpaca EaAiflioa ooyn^eorBSTB oboe EAeara nyrexi 



*) Go6iiTia HOBifimefi HcnaHCBofi ncTopiE xopomo HSioseHH bi co?. 
K^etchlchteSpaniens von demStarz Isabella's biszam Thronbesteigung^ Alfon- 
so's, von Wilhelm Laaser (2.BB.), u Les orig^ines de la Bestaaration dea 
JBourbons en Espagne (Paris, 1890). 



86 P7CCK0E BOrATCTBO. 

SBOJDOipH (nOOGHdUHeTEI, pe^OpMBOTH), TOr^a KEBl CaJi[BMepoH% H IIh-- 

s-Maprajn» peKoiceHitynrL peBOjini^ioHBiifl opeACTBa; HaKoaei^, ^Xap^ 
jucmcKOHi^^ BOTopyv) noAAopsHBan set yiBTpaMOBTaHH, pa86i[T& 
6sijia Ha uojA opaseHin; hoojA o6HapoAOBaHiii kohcthtji^Ih 1876 r.,^ 
OAHa rpynna KapncTOBi (Alejandro Pidal) o6pa80Bajiia cnpaBjUk 
KosoepBaTBBHoll napiiH, APJ^a^i pimsBmaflCii noAAepsHBaxb npasa^ 
JS,. Kapxooa, ofipasoBajia caMocTOflTenHjx) napriK) <9LmBHBEWtme^ 
CKji)» (Barrio j Mier, Zanz, Mella), e TpeTBfl,— napiii) «HHTerpHO- 
tob'lV (nooejiaJB[B), paBHOAyniHyio ki ABHaoTHqeoKOvy BOiipooy. 

nocjrl peoTaBpaB;iB bo BsazMHHX'B OTHomeHiflX'B HiKOTopuxinap- 

Tit npOHSOmiH H8MlH6HiiI. A^ BHpa60T&H COBpeMOHHOfi KOHCTEiyi^H 

€irpaBaA» €KOHOTHTyiUoHHOfi> napilH coeAHEHJiaoB ci ROHoepBaTopaMH^ 
TOFAa Kasi GoraiBHue ajieiieHTU €KOHCTflTyi];ioHKofl» napris oooah- 
HH2HCB CI HiKOTopuMH «paAHBajiaMH» E oOpasoBajiH AuSepojutnyio^ 
napmm pecmaepauiu (€jB[H6epaiBso-AHHacTEHecByD>), pasAiAflDn^yDos 
Ha «npaByiD» (ranaco, HaBappo, Maypa, XHRysHa) fi^eHTpx> (CaraoTa,. 
rpoacapA^) H cjitBjni (Mopen, MoHiepo Piooi, Mapioci). Bosaohv 
8T0H napTiE flBAflercfl Caracra *). TaKaa rpymiEpoBKa napnfi, wh 
OBOBxi oyniecTBeHHiiX'B ^epraxii, cyH^eoTByoTii h b'b AaHHufl MOHeffTB. 
IIoxHTHqecKiH napriE b'b HcnaHifl, Easi h noBCDAyi paSBEBaiEOB no 
nipt TOro, Kasx Ea o^epeAB oraBEJoiOB HOBue Bonpoou nojiETHqecKaro^. 
SKOEOME^eGEaro Ejra ooi^iaiBsaro nopEAsa. BesKOHeqEoe ApofiJieHie 
Ha OTA'i^jrBE£[fl ^pasipE oGycuOBJUiBaJiocB eg tojibko pasiflqieifB pyxo- 
BOAanvx'B npESi^EnoBi, eo tee'l se e pasJiH^ieM'B m, Bu6opi opeA- 
emb jsfiE ocyn^ecTBJieflifl nooraBxeEHKX'B qieEanE TOft hie Apyroft 
napiiH saAa^i. JlnqEoe caM0Jn)6ie OTAiJiBEHX'B nonrfl^eoKEX'B a^e- 
leiett HOpiAKO hbihjiocb VLCjajo^MTejcbEUWb motebohi js^r o6pa30Ba- 
Hifl caHOCToaiejiBEHxi napTii. OpraEEsaTopcKift lajiaETB KaHOBaoa. 
TaBis» xe, KaKi h Caraom, noHorB dTEiTB nfijwb a^toiem'b codAatB. 
asi pasnqEBXii aieMeETOBi ABi OojiBmiE naprlE, (tb noMon^BH) soto- 
pHxi OEE E ynpaB2Ej[E noo^epBAHO crpaEOft bb Te^oEie nooitAHaro 
ABi^i^aTEjrbTiH. 

Ctoe bo rjiEBi €npEHHpETeiBHaro» KafiEEera s onEpaflOB Ea koh- 
cepBaTEBEyD naprlE), RaHOBao'B yAopsHBaii fiesnpepHBHO b% cboex^b 
pysaxi BxacTB bi nepiOA'6 orB 1876 ao 1881 r. Bi le^eEie aionv 
npoMexyrsa BpeneEE oei OEooodcTBOBaiB oKOH^aniK) Kapiflorcsoft 
BO&HH, noAaBieHiD Ry6aECEaro BoscraEiA e ota^jkbeuxb 6ysT0BQb Eft 
noiyoorpoBi^, EBJuiBiimxofl OTroioosaME npoAnieoTBynnieft peBOxioi^OE- 
Hot dEOXE, E HSAajTB 30 iDHE 1876 T. KOS<r^BTy^iK), ffbtCTBynn^yiK 

H B'B SaCTOEE^ee BpOKE. 



*) Azcarate, Les partis politiqnes en Espagne, pp. 8—11; Bafael SaliUaa. 
La evolacion de los partidos politicos en Espana, p. 86 (La Espana Modema^ 
1 jnnio 1896).— CoiuaiHCTHHecKaa napTiji, noiynason^aa onpeA'^eHHyi> 
opiasHsaiui) B'B 1878 r. h ci 1891 r. dopaniaflCfl aa H36BpaTeiBHot. 
HOHB'b, Be rnr^eTb coEOCTOATaiBHaro npeACTasHTeiBCTBa bi HcnaHCsoE'B^ 
HapiaEeHTi. 



AOHl AHTOHIO KAHOBACl JS^JLb KiCTEJBDbO. 87 

KoHOTHTjipfl ora flBJueiofl oeAUfOD no o^ery; bi Te^eiie XIX 
B. HonaHifl jAbbm oomb pasi cBoft xohctht7ipohhh& crpoi: b^ 
1812, 1834, 1837, 1845, 1855 (vb npoeKTi), 1869 H 1876 rr. Hsi 
arHTB soHOTHTyiufl oaMoe npoAOJonrejaHoe cyn^eoTBOBame mAerb 
noojA^Hiifl. Ona nosaJioBaHa 6iijia KopaieirL vb KopTOoarb h, wb 
OTXH^e on KOHCTHTy^iH 1812, 1837, 1855 h 1869 rr., oTBepraen 
npHHi(BirB ftapoAHaro oyBepeHETOTa: Ajkb^ohci XU npHmjrb thtjh 
«Re7 constitcieional de Espana^ (soHcnrryiiiofiflficB KopoA HcnaHiH), 
ho (tb npE6aBJieiie]n> cpor la gracia de Dio8> (mhiootbd Boaicbefi) *). 

no 8T0ft B0H0THT7^iH, SaKOHOAaTeJELHafl BiaOTB npHHaj^esHTb KopoiD 

M EopTOoaMi, oocToaniHirB hsi abttl naian: oesaTa e naiaTii Aenyra- 
TOBi (Gongreso de los dipatados); oeHarB oootohtb hbi ooHaTopoBi b'b 
OHxy oo6oTBeHsaro npaBa{oin[OBBji Kopoifl, rpaH^H HonaHlH, reHepam 
H aAHHpan), hsi uchobi, nosHSHesHO HasHaiaeioix'L KopoieirL h h3- 
6HpaeiEHrB oT^lmauiH RopnopaiiuiMH roojAapcTBa. Hadpame Aonyra* 
rowh vb xo]irpec(rB ao BBeAOHiA soeofimaro rojioooBaHia orpaHEqEBaiooB 
onpextieEHHinb iieHSOirb^ bi> sacToan^ee se Bpeicfl EsdEpanTCE oee no- 
cpeAOTBOM'B Boeo6meft noAa^fl roioooBi, no oAHOHy AOnyraTy sa sas- 
AHe 50,000 ^exoBiiTB, sa 5 xirb. RopreoH oosHBaDTCE eseroAEo; 
BJiacTB Kopojifl, — HaoiiACTBesHa; eny npEsaAieasETB npaBO epeboaetb 
»b EcnojiseBie saKOEii h BiaoTB HasHa^aib MEHEOTpoBib; veheotph— 
OTBiTCTBeEHH **). KoHCTETyi^fl 1876 T. onpsA'l^ueTb oosoBSUE rpas- 
AaHOKifl npaBa HcnasaeBi laREH'L ofipasoirB: hekto se ofiasasi nxa- 
THTB sajioroB'B, pas^ OHH se BOTspoBasH KopTeeaicE eie xoMneresT- 
HKiMs Kopnopai^iflMs; hhkto se MoxerB 6nTB apeoroBasi HSa^e, Kan 
vb ojiy^asn h vb ^opui, npeAnsoasEHX'b saKOHOirB; sasABiS ape- 
OTOBasHHi Aoixefl'B 6uTB OCB060SAOE1 EXE npeACTaBJiesi b'b paono- 
pasesie oyAoCsot Biaors se nosse 24 ^noovb n MOMesTa apeora; 
HE OAHHi Eonasei^ se Mosen 6htb sauD^eni vb TDpBsy 663% 
ptmeHiE KoxneTeHTHaro cyABs; eekto se mosotb boXte bi ji/nrb 
Ecnasi(a ejee ssooipasi^a, npefiuBann^tro wb HonaHlE, 6evb ero cona- 
dH, aa EOKjm^eHlerB oiyEaeB'B e vb ^opsi, npeAyoxorpisssix'B sa- 
xosaME; woTsafl no^roBas BoppecnosAesi^ eo M0sen> 6iiTb saAep- 
sasa SIS BospuTa npeAeraBETeuifs BJiaors ***); psKCKO-RaToxneoKafl 
peiETis npsasaercE rooyAapoTBesHoft, so arc eo EOKJiD^aeTL cbo6oaii 
peiEiioaEoft cosioTS e npasa OBo6oAHaro scnoBiAOBaflifl aa ApyrHES 
xyjiBTaME. HaBosei^, EosoTSTyipE 1876 r. npoBoarjiamaerb mswpo 
OBofioAy MBGXE, oxoBa, neqaiE, woiHHxrb cxoaoki, aooopiaitifi, is?- 
EUTB EXE soxxeKTBBEHX'B noTEqilt, aApeoyeMUXi sopoxK), KopTecaiTB 

EXE BXaCTEEl ****). 

TaxoBa fiiixa bi Easfioxle oyn^eoTBessuxi ^epiaxi ta KoscTBiy- 



*) Manual de los senores Dipntados (o4)4»Hia&iBHoe HaAasie noxoxesift 
A^fiCTByDiii^ed BOscTHTyiufl. Madrid, abril de 1893), p. I. 
**) ib., pp. 22-26. 
*••) ib., p. p. 7—17. 
•***) il>-, P- p. 20-21. 



98 P7GCK0E BOrATCTBO. 

i^, KOTopjD peAaKTipoBaiii KaHOBao'b wb corpjAHHieorBi ot» KOHoep« 
BaTopaHH H ei qjireHaiis ApyrHxi napjit, BctynHBinBicH oi hbki n 

KOIinpOMHCCl. 

Bi 18B1 r. nepoBicb uepemen aa oropoHj ra6epaiBHoft napiiv, 
KaHOBaci, vaijsfl. bi OTcraBKy, B36paHi 6iwb ^enyraToirB on r. MaA- 
pHjia, a Caraora o4K)pMBpoBaji'b Jwdepaji&Hiift KafiHHerB, nuraBBziftofl 
npoBeoTH saKOHi o Beeo6m,eMi> rojioooBaEii, ho 6e8joir&mHo, BoiiA- 
OTBie onnosHpiH KanoBaoa e ero otopohhhkobi. 18 flEBapa 1884 r. 
KasoBao'L cHOBa oBJiaAii'L mmcrepoTBom, HasHaun hobho Bu6opH 
vh Koprecu, KOTopue Aau (SjiaronpiflTHKe j^jia HOHapxiH pesynTani. 
Bib GjtiAJDn^eH'b roAj bdshhki KOH^iHKrB oi FepMaHiefi no Bonpocy 
EapcnHOEHXi ocrpoBaxi, Koropuft yAauo 6eut» paapinieffL Kaso- 
Baooui; B'B TO se BpoMa eicy npHmjioob npHHAiB dHeprHTOifl Mipu 
AAi oOjier^eHifl ynacTH HapoAa, HoniiTziBaBinaro bi 1885 r. iflxEift 
pflAi» MxoTBit, BOjii^oTBie HaBo^HeHift, seMxeTpflceBifi ■ xoJirepH. B^ 
ix)Hi BToro roAa e^Ba ho npoHsomex's MBHHorepoKitt kphshitl Boiix* 
cTBie sexaHifl Eopojifl jihhho ornpaBiTBoa vb Mypoiio a^b oprasBsa- 
i^H noMon](H HaoexeHix), ocoGeHHo 6i^0TB0BaBaieiiy otb xoiepu. Ra- 

HOBaOl HaOTaHBaJTB Sa TOMI, TTO EOpOXL HO Jlf>JL7BieWb 8Toro AfaiaTb, 

yrposaa bi dpotebhoitb ojiy^ai bhSth BioroiaBRy. KopoxLyoTyaHX'L. 
25 H0a6pfl Ajib^ohci XII yiirepi>, ocTaBBBi AByxi AOHopeft i 6epe- 
MeHHyx) seny, Mapin-XpBcxBHy, KOTopaa h ofruBieHa fiujia pe- 
reHnnet.. 

Bx TOTvse jsfiVb KaHOBacL no^ajii npomoHie o6'b OToiaBKi, se- 
jsas npeAOoraBHTL pereHTBit noiHyjo OBofiOAy A^floTBiS, npexooraBjreH- 
HyD sopoHi KOHOTBxyipefi, H CaracTi Ha Apyroi pfivb nopy^eHo fiiuo 
c^pHHpoBaTb HOBHft Ka6flHerB. KaHOBaoi se H86paHi> 6iiun» npesH- 
AeHTOiTB najiaTU 222 roiocaiiH npoTHBi 112, BuaaBinHXi fb nojoay 
PoMepo Po6ieAO, saBHHaBisaro noon UEKHOTpa DOTHiiiH bi Ba6nHeTl 
RaHOBaoa. B'b anpii'b 1886 r. CaraoTa nasHa^HjrB HOBiie Bu6opfl bx 
Kopiecu. HsGpaHO 61110 mhofo peony6nKasi^eB'B, ho tfoJEBmnerBO 
6iira MOHapxHCTii. ILoxoseHie voHapxiH 6iuo ynpoTOHO, Korxa 17 mbh 
1886 r. KopoxeBa paspimixaoB on 6peMeHH csieom'b, soTopui h 6Hjrb 
npoBosrxameHi Ropox[eirB no^i HHeHeiTB AiB^Hca Xni. 

MHHHcrepcTBO CaracTii osEaMeHOBano 6hxo pa^oirb hobhxi* yoni- 
xoBi xHtepaxBHoft napiJH: efi yAaxooB, He cMOTpa na onnosHAix) Ka- 
HOBBca, npoBecTH sasoHK Bceofim^eiTB roxoooBaniH, oy^i npaoas- 
Huxi, rpasAaHOKOHi 6paBi h t. a* 

Caracra ocTaBaxca y Bxacra ao 1890 r., EOrxa ero oaoBa saMl- 
hhxi> KaHOBacii. KpHsao'L npoESomex'b Ha no^Bi TaMoseaftoft noxa- 
thkh: Caraora CKxoHaxoa aa oropoay cbo6oahoS KOHEyppeHii;ia, Tor^a 
FaEi KaaoBaoi 6hxi otopohhhkom'l npoTeE^ioHH8Ka. MaaaoTepcTBo 
KaaoBaca npo^oxsaxocB jsf> 1894 r. Ero oaoaa savinaxi Caraora, 
B'B HEHHorepoTBO KOToparo BomixHyxo HOBoe sy6aHOBoe Bosoraaie. He 
fiyxy^H B'b cooToaaia onpaaaTBoa ci bhitb, Caraora b'b EOHqi 1895 r. 
yorynax'B BxacTB KanoBacy. Ho, Kasi asaicTao, a Kaaoaaoy ae yxa- 



JSfiWb AHTOHIO KAHOBACB ffilLh KAGTHABO. 89 

JIOG& BOAaBHTb dTO BosoTaHie, rasi se san e lOBoe oeIIapa^iOH- 
Hoe XBHsesle, BOSHisniee Ha ^aiEnimHCKHxib oerpoBarB. Iloxose- 
Hie ffkn nocTOHHHO yxyAmajiooB. Bonpoci o Ky6i noraontarB h no- 
rxoiaaen Boe BHHMaHie h npaBHTeiBGTBa, h ot^eoTsa, rm% saK'b 
<rB VTEWh BonpocoMi oBHBUBaerefl jQ>yrofi: Boopooib o oaHOH<B oyme- 
tsTBOBaHiH HOHapziH. npH Tauxi oficTOflTeA&cTBax'B OHepTb KaHOBaoa, 
oxjsHBinaro rxaBHHVB ohxotovb MOHapxiH, HBiaerofl oo6uTieirB nepBo- 
ereneHHOfi BaacHocTH. Eojih BoeHHHfi hhhhctpi AoKapara moitb saHi- 
OTHTb KanoBaca vh Kneemi npeaH^eHTa ooBtia hhhrctpobi, to He- 
Koify saHtoniB KaHOBaoa, sasi Bosji^fl KOHcepBaTHBHoft naprin. Ta 
t^BflSB, KOTopaH cymeoTBOBaxa nesAT paainqnuMH sxeiieKTaMH ea b% 
m^i RanoBaca, npeEpaTuacL, h napTia reiiepB 6hotpo pasxaraeroa 
Ha oocTaBHUfl naoTH. 06pa30BaHie Ka6HHeTa ^paHOHeao GHUBejia, 
BosjKH EOHcepBaiopoBi-AHCOHAeHTOBi, oHHpaDn^arocH Ha reaepaia 
MapTHHeea RaMnoca, hu me npEHflxie MHHHOTepoTfia Caraciot — ^Bon 
KBi B03M0SHIUI B0M6nHaipH paspioieHifl ooBp^xeHHaro nonTH^eeKaio 
RpHSHea HonaHiH vb (SxaroiipiaTHoirb au MoaapxiH OHUcx'b. Ho 
HSBiCTHO Tasse, TTO HapflXT ^ BTHMH KOxdHHai^HMH oyn^eGTBynrB H 
ApyriJEr, Menie (SxaronpiaTHHa. 

no3HaKOMHBHiacB CI xo^owB H pesyxBTaiaicH ;r&flTexBHOOTH Ka- 
HOBaca, sas'B rocyxapoTBeHHaro ^exoBina, uTarexB Be oocraBKTb 
npe^cTaBxeHiH o HpaBCTBOHHoft n o6ii](ecTBeHHofi ^HsionoMiH ero, 
eoxH vh TO se speMfl ho ysHaerB ero o6n(aro HipoBosspiHiH, ero 

HpaBCTfieHHHl'B H OOXHTH^eCKHX'B HAeaXOBlr, KOTOpBIMH OHIb pjBOBOA- 
CTBOBaiOfl Bl OBOeft AkflTeXBHOeTH H KOTOpHXl* MH HOSOHl Oyi(HTB 

Ha ooHOBaHlH ero ootioTBeHHiix'B npoHSBej^enift. Mii ojrbxaeirB sb- 
CKOXBKo i^HTaTB, HO BAaBaflOB Bi HX'B oi^HBy. Kan uraTOXB yBH- 
AHTB, ohI AOOTaTO^Ho flpsH oaMH HO ce&k. 

«9th oTpaHHi^i*, roBopiTB KanoBacB bi npesHcxOBlH si Hantexle 
HHTepecHoS jvoL Hamel i^iiH KEHii (cGoBpeiieHHHfl saAan^ *), 
npeAcraBxaDH^el cCopHHK'B pineft, npoHSHeceHHiiX'B hitb hxh vb 
Mi^HAOKOVB j^GROWh otin^ooTBi <ATeHeo» HXH wb aapxaMOHTi, taxH 
CTpaHHqu HHiDTB OToxB SO 6iorpa$flHeosil, okoxbko h Hay^nsft xa- 
pasTepi, xasi* saK'b oxyxarB BupasenieHi oyn^ecTseHHiSmHx^ h8!B 
HOHX'B HAel H saExn^DTB TeopexHHecKoe o6iflCHeHie Hoero noBexe- 
Hifl B'B Tenenie Boero Toro BpenoHH, KorAa na mod aoxd Bimaxo 60- 
poTBCH ynopHO H He Ha shbhb, a na onepTBCBpeBoxDidoHHiiMHTeH- 
AOHi^iaMH aTeHCTH^ecKHX'B H AOMarorH^eoKHxi nncoxi, xoth bto h ne 
M^axo HHi san^niaTB Bci saROHHsrH npio6piTeHifl ^HBEXHBa^iH» 
(t. I, p. vni). 

Eiae Vb DHocTH OBoet, 6yxy« HSxaTexeMi raseTii cMoxoxaa Ma- 
xar^», KaHOBaoii saaBEXi cefiii, Kasi soHoepBaTopi. Hobiu BiflHifl h 
noxAiHHeoKiH 6ypH BTopoft noxoBHHii HHH&nmflro oroxftTiH ne HSM'b- 



^) ProblemaB contemporaneos, por D, Antonio G&novaB del Castillo, 
Madrid, 1884-1890. 



90 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

HUH ero y6&BAeHift. Ovh ocraBaicfl TassirB se KOHoepBai:opoirb b^ 
aaoxy eeHxaifipLOKoS peBoxDpur, saKi h ao, h nooii Hea, M6Xaj rtn^ 

KaEl HHOrie HSl ero OBepOIHHKOB'b MiHIUH, Bl SaBHCHHOOTH 0TB o6- 

oTOfliejiBOTBi, H jnrepB, n 8Hai£a. Garaoxa, HanpHuipi, ofun hs^b 
Haafioiie bhahuxi A^TOJieS uoojA KaHOBaoa, ho npoAoraBJuieTB Vb 
BTowb OTHomeHiH HCEiD^eHifl. PasjMieTOfl, sonaHcide KOHoepBaTopn 
hmIdtb HHoe 8Ha?eHie h xapasTep'B, ^Awl bb ]s;pjrHTb orpasaxB, 
v^k Hep^AKo noA'B KOHoepBaTopaMH pasyiiinTOfl peasqioHepH, ta^ ih- 
Gepajui MorjTB 6utb yiiipeHflie HonaHCKEXi ROHcepsaTopoBi. RaHO- 
Baoi He fifiU'B peasiuoHepB, owl fiuii, ynorpefiiiiH HicTHyn lepiai- 
HOJioriK) <jui6epaxBHHS KOHoepBaTopBt, t. e. npHAepsHBajiofl Toro 
iipHHqBna, ^to rocy^^apciBO bb cbooitb pasBHTiH aojdbho ojrl^oBaTB 
HaqiOHajtBHiurB noTopHqeounrB ipa^giipflirB h ci teJiBmoft ooropos- 
HOCTBD BKcrynaTB sa nyxB HOBOBBeAOHifl. 

«nojuiTHKa, roBopHTB oHi, ecTB HO 6oxie Raid HOKyocTBo ooyiqe- 

CTBXflTB BB KaSAfili HGTOpiraeCKiS MOMeHrEi Ty AOJU) HeJEOBi^eCEEX'B MJUd-- 
ajOBB, KOTOpyX) SOSBOIflDrB OOynieOTBHTB AAHHHfl 060TaflTeJIBCTBa. 

Kas^^ft, Hanp., Ao6pizft Honasei^ xeiierB mhojib o BOSBpaiqeHiK 
HcnaHiH Toro no^OTHaro Micia cpe^H Haqii, saxoe saHHiiaxa oHa Hi- 
sorAa; ho BOHKaro floxHTHKa, xotop'ufi, npH3HaBaH ery MeiTy ooyH^e- 
CTBHKofi, CTan 6ei A^oTBOBaxB TaKB, xaKi* AiftOTBOBaiH Hannc npe^KH 
vb 8Hoxy Rapxa Y, hobho 6uxo 611 ci noxHuirB ocHOBanieirB noHi- 
OMTB BB jifiwh cyifacnieflniHXii (ib., I, pp. XXV — XXVI). 

OoHOBaTeiBHO BHas HOTopix) cBoero OTeiecTBa, TaK^B se, saRi h 
coBpeMOHHoe ero noioaiceHie, KaHOBaoi HaxoAvn, nro xoHOTHTyifiOH- 
Hafl MOHapxiH flBXHercH caHoft noffxoAflHiel jia HcnaHiH ^opMoft npa- 
BxeHiH. Tpe6oBaHia HOBaro BpexenH cb ero TeHAeHO[uiMH Kb abmo- 
KpaTHsaifiH nojmTH^eoKHXi y^pesAenit ohb oTpexHJicfl hphhhphtb (tb. 
ApeBHHMH TpaAEqiflKH EonaniH, ynpaBUBnieficfl vb cpe^nie Bixa k 
OT^acTH KB HOBoe BpeKH nocpe^oTBOH-B soprecoB'B. 06pa3qo]iB noxpa- 
sanifl AAH KanoBaoa cjiysHJia anrjiifioKafl KOHCTHTyqiH, saK'B mosho 
aauDHaTB hsi* cxiATDiqaro ero npHSHanifl: 

cHhKTO ho COBiOTH HO MOSOTB OTpHqaTB TOFO, ^0 fl HCSpOHHO K 

rxy6oKO npe^aHi napjiaMeHrapHSMy; tto 6ei laiTB hh roBopucH, a 
HxaMeHHufi npnBepseHe]^» KOHCTHTyqioHHoft ohctohu h 6ojAe^ liitb 
sto-j[h6o Apyrofiy SHrysiaorB nporpeoca. Aohhitb AOKasaTeiBOTBon^B 
dToro MoseTB ojiymHTB to npeKioneHie, Koiopoe bb TeqeHie Boefr 
Moeft BHOXH oSnapysHBan h ho oTHomeHix) Kb BexEsewb Tpi^nqioH- 
HmrB H nocTOHHHO ooBepmeHCTByDHpnicfl y?pexA6HiHirB AnrjriH, o^i- 
jiaBmHirB 8a ABa nocjiiAHiH OTOjrbm npaBxenie 8Toft CTpanii jLjuoRWb^ 
qiiTB npaBxenie, oyn^ecTByDn^ee y Boix'B ociaJiBHUX'B hobuxb Haqift, 
He OMOTpfl Ha omfltio^HOOTB MHorHxi npHHqHnoBi»y KOTopsai npH^ep- 
XHBaDToa anrjiifioKie npaBHTOu. Sa^ifB oxpuBaTB? Emohho to, ^wh 
o6xaAaeTB Anrxui, a He ^ro APyroe— BcerAa hbjuuocb mohh'b koh- 
RpeTHUJii> HAeaioiTB no oTHomeHii) si HonaniH. Ho bo sjiacTH-xH 
o^Hol napriH hih oahofo ^exoBiKa ooyn^eoTBienie 8Toro HAeaia x>^s^ 



AOH'B AHTOmO EAHOBACB JlfiSb RACTJEUILO. 9t 

BO BA^OB, a 7 KaKol jtoaho H81 KOHTHHeHTanHEOi HaipA? yfiii! ro- 
pasxo Jierqe xosen oiynTBoa, ^ro c^omBoe paBHOBioie, en^e 07- 
B^eoTBynmee fb SpBiaHOEoS kohctbtjiph, Cjfifim HapynreHo, csAjijn 
o6meft 07AB6I ^eioBiieoEHX'b jsjkn, lAwb naipE KOHTHHOHTa npn- 
fijosaTCfl KX OTOMy Hfleajiy* (id: I, pp. XXVI— XXVIII). 

Heo6xo;^HiiHMH yojiOBiflUH aj^ npaBHiLHaro h nooiiAOBaTeiBHaro 
KOHOTHTyipoHHaro pasBHTui crpaHH 6kio, ch touh spiHui EaHOBaca^ 
oyn^ecTBOBaHie Asyxi 6oJBinHX'b napjia]ieHTCKBXi> napTit, KOTopua, 
DOX06HO aHrxlfioKHiTb BHrH H Tops, ^epexoBanoL 6u aptt^ o'l apJ- 
roifb y BiaoTH, orpasaa lacrpoeme h noTpe^HocTH oCn^eerBa bi sas- 
jfjaA AaHHHft momohtb, h orapaucb 611 iipoH8BOAHTb yxy^nnemfl vb 
XB8HH crpaHU, He yfiH^osafl oymecTBynn^x'B KOHCTHTyipoHHHX% 
yoTaHOBiemt h lixx HOBOBBeAeEit, Kashi oA'i^aHU npexineoTBeHHii- 
KaMH. ^2 ycnixa noxHTneoiuro paaBiTui nai^, jsjuMii ohi, aoisbh 
cymecTBOBaxB napriH, a ne cesTii. RasAaa napidfl AOJisna 6htb 
BO8MOSHO KHoro^HcieHH'be, a uoxo napiifi bosmosho Honbiinm. 
KaHOBaci pasjiH^an leraiBHEui napiiH otl sejierajiBBDEix'B: nepBiiMH 
6saE li, EOTopuH OTpeMHiHOB npoHSBOAHTB yjifuneHiii B'B orpaai Ha 
no^Bb oyn^eoTByDn^ell KOHOTHTyqiH, a nejeraiBHUMH ri, KoropuH 
HeodxoAHMiiirB ycioBieirE au KaKHXi 6u to hh 6uiq yjiyqmeHift 
c^HTajiH yHHTToseHie /^cTsyDn^efi KOHCTHryipH (ib. Ill, p. 65, 

6 H0fl6pfl 1889). TasHMH HexeraiBHHVH napriflKH tiiiiH, Hanp., Kap- 
ncTU H p60iiy6xHKaHipi; caMHXH se MHoroHHcxeHEHMH H xe- 
raxBHUHH 6wLE rt, KOTopHMH pyKOBOAUH KaHOBaoB H Garaora; 

nepBilft fiilJTb BOSAOHB HOnaHCKHX'B <TOpH», a BTOpOft — BOSAeMB 

cHonaHosHX'B BHroB'B». 06a nooxiAOBaTexBHO OHtaaxH Apyri Apyra 

7 BxacTH Vb le^eHie 6ojAe ABaAiiainx'i^THflro nepiOAa BpeneHH, noA- 
AepsHBaa MOHapxin Ajob^oHoa XIII npoTHBii KapraoroBB h pec- 
sy6j[HKaHi^eB'B. He Hory He bohohhhtb no BTOify noBOAy xapasxep- 
Haro cpaBHOHifl, KOTOpoe ]sikJL9J0Tb HO^aHI^I MesAy obohmh hojihth- 
^ecKBME A^TeuMH H repoflMH TaBpoMaxin: Caraora h KanoBao'B 
AU HHXB HBXflDTOfl KaKB 6u AByiffl €espadas» (MaTaAopu), soTopsie 
noojdAOBaieJiBHo nepeAyDTca APyn cb ApyroirB Ha «Plaza de Toros»» 
nio6hi He yTOMXflXb nyfiiHKy OAHooCpasieiTB npieMOB'B h HafirH bob- 

MOSHOOTB CaMHlTB OTAOXHyTB. 

KanoBaoi, xasi hh yse BHAini, 6wrh hpothbhrkom^b €Boeo6ii^aro 
roxocoBaHifl», aasovB KOTopoirB npoBOAeKB 6hirb bb oaho hsb khhh- 
crepcTBB Caraeru, h aabtb cxiAynniee leoperHneoBoe odiHCHeHie 
OBoeny OTHomeHiD kb aroMy Bonpooy: 

« j(a 6yAeTB nosBoxeno hhA saMixHTB, ?to, ob to^kh sptniH ^hxo- 
oo$ia H ooiUoxoiIe^ BceoOn^ee roxoooBaHie npeAcraBxaeTB ne 6oxie 
RasB OHxy, OHxy, Koxopas ci TaRHHi se yontxoMi MoacerB noA^n- 
HHTBCfl npany h padoyAsy, KaKi» e HeonpaBeAXHBOCTE, e orpacTHH'B. 
BoficKO, EOKXD^BTexBHO paoHoxaraBHiee npeEAe oyABfiaHE napoAOBi, 
HoerAa 6mxo h CyAerB oexoS, 6oxie paByMEo oprasEBOBaEEOft e xy^me 
jEpaBxaeHOft, HixB Boeofin^ee roxocoBaEie> (ib. I, pp. 188 — 189). 



92 PyCCKOE BOrATGTBO. 

Ho pas'B saROHi o «Boeo6iiteMi> rojiocoBaHiH> npomen, RaiOBacB, 
OBJiBAiBi MEHHcrepcTBom, He o^HTan cefia BapaBi OTirbiiHTb ero n 
npiKiipEiofl oi» ooBepmHBmBKCfl ^aKTom, BHpasrai, oAHaKO, sejca- 
Hie, 7ro6H €Boeo6ii^ee rojioooBaHie> 6iuo, no spaftHeft Ktpi, xpHoii»i- 
oKHiTL, T. e., ^o6u upaBoirfc Tim nojiBSOBaiHCb iHHib jrai^a, Honorb* 
KJDma. RaTOXH^eosyi) peJuiriD (ib.)* Mosem npHdaBHTb on oe6fl, 
^To EaHOBaoi seiarL lasse, ito6u BBe^eHie sasona o Boeo6- 
n^eiTB roxoooBamH He yHflHTOSSJio ohih pasiH^H Mesffj xeraiib- 
HUMH H HexeraiBHUMH napriflKH h ho naio nepeeica nooxiAHHirB 
Hai.'& nepBUMH. CvoTpfl na BceoSn^ee rojiocoBaHie, RaKi na citHjn 
CHJiy, KaHOBaoi oiwrtJi'b oefiii ofiflsaHHKirB ptkoboxhtb ex), hu, aP7- 
THHE cxoBaHH, osasuBaTB AaBxeHie na HSfiHpaTexeft HpH BH6opaxi ne- 
nyratOBTi bi sopTecoH. IIpoinxoroAHie BH6epBi, AABiuie KapxHcrairb 
10, a pecny&iHRaHitairb toxbko 3 roxooa vb KopieccH, TorAa EaK-B 
KOHcepBaTopoBi HstipaHO 6suo 303, a jn[6epaj[0B'B — 102 *), HHKOHVb 
o6pa8oirB ne icoryn oxysHTB AORasaTexBOTBOHi cjia6ooTH pe^njfiiH'- 
Kascsoft EXfl sapxHCTORoS naprift, uexjij KoropsuiH, vb AtflcTBHreJiB- 
HocTH, pasfflxfleTGH 6oji[BniHH0TBo HcnaHosaro HaoexeHiH, a cBEAi^TexB- 
OTByioTB xHniB A'bflTejnbHocTH KaHOBaoa, cByHiBmaro, nyreirB axHH- 
HHorpaTHBHaro BHimaTexBCTBa b'b BBi6opu, ^aTB OBoeft napm Top- 
seoTBo. 

yoraHOBxenie oy^a npHcasHuxi TaKi» se, Kasi h Boeo6n^eft no- 
Aa«m roxocoBi, KaHOBaoi He o^Hiaxi noxesHiiirb au HonaHm, ho 
npHHAXi 8T0 yqpesA^Hie vh HaoxiA<'TBO otb xHfiepaxBHoS napTH. B'b 

npHHI^Hni OHB He 6hX'B npOTHBHHKOlTB OyAa npHCflSEHXl, HO crb He- 

AOBipiem othoohxch ri peayx&TaTaici, RaRHXi mosho 6hxo osva^^tb 
orb nepeHeceHifl anrxo-oaRooHCRaro yqpesAeHifl na HoaaHCRyx) nouy 
(ib., m. p, 251). 

KaioxHi^Hsirb a'^ KaHOBaca aBxaxoa Toft KpaBOTBenHoft CHXoft, 
ROTopas OAHa Bi cocroHHiH onaoTH nexoBiqeoTBO on Toro Ap^OBHaro 
paexosenifl, wh ROTopoin*, no ero xniHix), naxoAHTOH coBpeiieHHoe 
o6ii^eoTBo. <EBpoaeftcRafl AOvoRpaTifl, roBopHn owb, Ooperofl cb RaTo- 
XH^ecRoi i^epROBBX). Heo6xoAHMo san^HiqaTBcii h noopeAOTBOHi> 6opb6h 
H nponaraHAU yoraHOBHTB HOBue nixx)8u npoTHBi HaBOAHeHifl h pas- 
pymenia, yrposax)mHX'B coi^iaxBHony nopflAKy» (ib. 1, 113). IIpHSHa- 
Bafl RaroxBi^aiTB eABHOTBOHHOX) pexHiieft, neyRxoHHo h noox^AOBa- 
TexBHo noAAopsHBaDn^eft htl ^exoBiRi njifiio o oBepxecTecTBeHHOirB 
H CoseoTBeHHOMB (ib. I, 116 — 117), EanoBaoB 6wcb yOisAenx, hto 
AiH napoAOBi xaxBHORofi pacu HtTB ciiaoeHiii BHi RaT0XHi](H3Ma. «JIa- 
THHORafl paca, saniiaeTB ohb, HaRi crapman hsi AO^epeS RaTOxx- 

I](H8Ma, AOJUKHa Cl OOOfieHHEIMl BHHMaHieiTB OTHOOHTBOfl RO BCiMl BO-* 

npocaMi RRTOxH^ecEoft i^epRBH H, n BipoK vb 6yAymee, pasBHBaTB 

CBOH eOTeCTBeHHB[H HBRXOHHOOTH Kb $HXO0O$iH H HORyOOTBy, H86trafl, 



*) Cm. Hamy Koppecn. hb'b Ma;(pHAa b% «Pyc. BiA-» 1896 r. J^ 26& 

26 COHT). 



JlflWb AHTOHIO RAHOBACb ftlUB EACTULO. 93 

BO wto 6h to eh craio, 0K6iiTHii;H8iia, KOTopuft Bcerxa npkBOfjuPh dTj 
paoy n nouol ri6en>. 06pa]i(afle& so Kb obohmii oooieiecTBeH- 
HHxantb, owh Aaen wn cxixjnnUft oosirb: <He aaeuBatre npn isy- 
TOiiH UH npH oBo6oARO]ni iipeiiOAaBaHis Hays'L, ^o sxioB (bi Hc- 
naiu) XH ofiiaxaeiTB ropasAO 6ojaiQuui HauoxHoeifliiH vb CBopx- 
eoieoTBeHHoicy, vh coBepmemioMy, ^An sami oiBepHne oonepHui 
(^paHi^ysH). MosoTB 6uTb 8to noTOMj, "TTO MEi saxoAHMoa B'B 6oite 
noeroHHHOiTB oonpHsooHOBeHlH cTh (iesKOHe^Hiunb, n neiowb, n coxh- 
UfiWb, n vnaa 6e8UQjieHHiiKa Mipaioi, ospuTb Koropue on> xaoi 
flo^H HHBorAa H6 YAaeroa 8 HjAHUirb soian Dra... OCpame, la- 
Koiem, BXHMaHie aa to, ^to xh — ao npipoAi tooxoph h, uki xa- 
TiuHe, — ^KenpeoAOXHXHe noara, xjaosukh h MeTa^iaiiu; iro eoxH 
flflOFAa loi OTerynaeiTb otb tofo, "iftirb 6hxh BoerAa, to xhhib uoai* 
yexoBieiTB ho otraBJUTb pasBHTifl OBofioTBeHKUx'b HaMii HasxoHHOoiaft^ 

KOTOpUfl aBXflDTOlI KaSl 6H KOMnaCOlTB, fflSBSHWb BorOlTB^ J^Ui Toro» 

^to6h HapoAH He (SxysAUH Ha cbooitb nyTH h oyirhxH bhhoxkbtb 
Ty saAa^y, KOTopaa Bunaxa na vtb Aom bi 668EOHeiioll Apuii 
MoiopiH. EoxH xaTHHoua HaqiH Vb 6oxBinB]n> TpyAon yoBOHBaniii 
HosycGTBo 6htb 0B060AHUHH, TO eme TpyAKie hitb HayuTBoa 6utb 
csenTHKaiiH, i rope Tim, KOTopue yoBOflBanrB OBenTHitHSMi ui 
ycBOHTB ero BnoxHt* (ib. I, 60). 

Ho He CMOTpa sa bcio obod speAaHHOcTB saTOXHqHSjcy, KanoBaoi 
He 6iijL'b ^aHaTHKoiTB. cChh'b nosoxlHiH, rOBOpHXl OWb 26 H0H6pfl 
1872 roAa vb AreEeo, Koropoe coMHiBaxocB bo boomti h HaAi^ BotMi 
HaoMixaxooL, h 6parb no BoapaoTy, yienix) h orpejueHiaini rhx'B 
oaiuix^ XHin*, xoTopHfl eni^e h TeiiepL bo mhofom'b coMHiBaDTea h 
MHoroe OTpEi^anrb, a Haxoxy, ^to npoaBxeHie AorMaTHneoKofl HOTop- 
naifocTH OTOXB xe Maxo cooTBlTOTByerb Moett HaTypl, KaKii h co6pa- 
Hix>, nepoAi* botophhi a roBopK» (ib. 1, 123). 

OrpoMHoe BHaneHie, xoropoe iipHAaBan KaHOBaoi KaTOxai^HSHy, 
o6yeiOBXHBaxocB ne toxlxo ero xh^humi* pexHiioaKUMi naorpoeHleirb, 
HO Tasse H aexanieMi ocTaBaTBca Bipuiirb TpaxHi^ian Hoaaaoxaro 
aapoAa, BoerAa orxaqaBmarooa npeAaaaocTBD xaTOXH^ecKolii i^epKBH, 
a 01 Apyroft cTopoHK — BUTexaxo hsi» o6ataro BossplHla KanoBaoa 

Ha KaT0XH^H8M'B, KMRb Ha OAHy HS^b OOHOBl coBpoMeHHaro OOI^laXB- 

Haro H 8BOHOHH^ecKaro orpoa. 

«Kax'B HH oTpaHHO xaseToa aa nepauft BarxaA^, paaoyaiwaxii owb^ 
HO 6evb pexBiiosHoS aipu Bcasaa aAea onpaaeAxaBOOTa oraaeTB 
HecoBulcTHMoft ci> HSBicTHHMH saKOHaxH noxBTa^ecsoit BRoaoMia 
(ib. I, 139)... Teopia aecoBepmeacTBl seaaofl sasaa b% ooeAaae- 
aia eh yqeaieiix desoiiepTia nuoL^ otimfijbmdwb Aooraseaie oo- 
coBepmeHCTBa, kt* xoropoay oyn^eoiByerb aacTaHxraBHoe orpeaxeaiei 
B^B APyroHi Mipi; BoaBJumeaaaa Aoraa Boaaarpaaweaia ao aaoxy- 
raax, aa KOTopoe aoryrB paaoHaTusaTB 6/kjsjuaM Tam, aa aeSeoaxi; 
aAoaxaaaiqa oaaoi MAaocTa, CTpaAaaift a Aftxe caepTa; xpaoTlaa- 
€Kaa Hxa pexarioaaaa 6xaroTBopatexBaooTB — bot% eAaacTBeaaua cpoA- 



94 P7GCK0B BOFATCTBO. 

CTBa ycraHOBHTB hsb^othtk) rapMOsiD iies^^y 6oranua h 6iffno[v» 
cMflrvTb ropeqB crojucHOBeHift jieujsj 6oraTHMi v 6'^HflUKE, seiB- 
fiissHxi npH ooBpeHeHHoiTB pesEiri oBoSoAioft RoiKjppeHn;iH; pas- 
fiOBioie MesAY pasHopoj^HHiii HHAHBHAjaiBHmiH OTpeiueHLuui xo- 
sen 6uTL noMepsaHO jniniB npn yojioBiH oanooTpe^eHia h xobojo^ 
€TBa Kaa^aro oofioTBeiHOD jiaoTBD, KasoBa 6h osa hh 6Hia» (ib. It 
151—152). 

Bo8Mo»Ho jra sasoHOAaTejEBHUKH opexeTBaMH, onparnHBaen Ka- 
HOBaoi, ooAiftcTBOBaib yHHTroseHiK) HepaBeioTBa uemjij j[Djq[kiek» 
ycTaHOBieHEaro oaMoft npHpo^ofl? Orvbrb He xpyARo yraAaib. «9ko- 
UOM0CTII, roBopHTb osi, cTapaflCL yoraHOBHTB oapaBeAKHBHe saKOHH 
paoapeAiJieHiH 6oraTOTB'B, npHHHMann ABOflsaro pp^a pasjoraui, 
Bcer^a oyn^ecTByDiitia mosay jidai^me: rk, soTopHfl yeraHaBiiBaen 
cana npHpoAa, A'^aa oaehx'b fiorie c[ioco6hhx'b vh TpyAy, APr™x& — 

MOBie, H rt, KOTOpHfl BOSHHEaDTB, BOI^AOTBie CJiy^afiHOOTH pcN^p- 

Hiji, 6j[ar§Aapfl soTopoiiy npiofipiTaeiiafl cnooo6HOOTB Vh ipyAy pas- 
jiH^aeTCfl vb saBioiMooTH OTB CBOfiOTBa nojiy^eHHaro BOonEraHiJU. 
Ho Kara 6h HH HH orapajHOL cAiuraTb o6yieHie hoxhhhi h o6ii](e- 
AOorynHHMi, hu He mosohi ycTpaHHib paaxntie vb npio6piTaeHiiX'B 
HocpeAOTBOHi BoonHTanifl cHOoofiHocTflxi iCL TpyAy« nosa oym^eoTByDn 
eo6GTBeHHooTB H HaoiiACTBeHHOOTB, AMse eoiHfiEi o6pieHie 6hio 
o6ii^eo6fl8aT6iBHmrb, t. e. npeAiiojiaraio 6£i RapaieiBHua iiipH no 
OTHOmeHiio bi poabtoievb, ho HociuaDii^Hi cBOHrB a^tbS Bi mKOiy» 
(ib. I, 128). 

Uo noBOAy o6iueo5a3aTeji[BHOOTH A^poBoro o6yqeHui, RanoBaci A^* 
jiaerb cjitATDniee sani^UHie: « Se AOBtpu jifione poAHTeiflMi^ ^bho- 
oTHBe CTopoHHERH AapoBOfO o6y^eHifl oTapaniGfl CAtiaxB ero oSasa- 
TeiBHHWb B'b Tasofi creneHH, qTo6H[ HOABepran mxpa^y nnti, Hapy" 
maiomHX'B BTOTB npHi^Hi. Ho eou AoaBOJTHrejiBHO, xora h ho crporo o(ki- 
saiejEbHO, AonycRaTB iDAefi ao roJiOAHoil cvepTH BosKifi pasi, KorAa hoao* 
craTOKi ecrecTBeHHUxi oiiooo6HocTefi B'b ipyAy hie BpeMefiHoe OTcyrcTBie 
8apa6oTKa mmaDTB Heo6xoAH][uxx cpeAOTBi Kb cyoiecTBOBaHini to ho- 
^eHy se HejosiioynitecTBOBaTB, ooraBaflCBBiHeBtsecTBt? TavB,Bi» dimsoit 

XHaiHKb, TA^ He nHXaeTb OFOHB BI CHpiUt BHMHifl H09H, FAb OABaMOSHO 

HaflTH APyroe nprncpHTie orii neHacTEfl, saR'B RpHmy n xoioahhh orluEai, 
RaRofi ^y6J[H^ECTL 6yAen HacroiBRo RpacHop^^nni, ^to6u yfiiAHXb 

MaTB Jfh TOMl, TTO CHHB OH HMieTB (OSyCIOBHOe HpBBO HB TO, TTOGH 

ero ofiyuiH rpaiiOTi, xoth ne HHien HHRaRoro na lenio, nooren 
K Aase Ha neofixoAHMoe nHTaHie?» (ib. 1, 130). 

KaHOBaoi 6un HoojrtAOBaTexeM-B nporeRQioHESHa, c^nnui ary 
cHoreMy BKOHOHH^eoROft nojiHTHRH HaHtiojrte HOAxoAinieft au coBpe- 
MOHHSExi xoBiificTBeHHUx'b HHTopecoB'b HonaHlv. nojieHHSHpyfl Vb OAHHm 
BBi npeAQTaBH!rejiel RjiacoH9eoRoft birojbh nojiHTH^ecRoft SROHoniH vb 
HonaniH, rafipiaieMi PoApHreoovB, HasBaBniHVB ero yqeHHROM^B JlHora^ 
KanoBaci oTRasHBaeroH npEBHaib ce6fl nooiiAOBaTexeMi niMei^Raro 
dROHOKHOTa. cBiaroAapfl Bora, saHiqaen KaHoaaoib, Beu^aftmift nn 



AOVL AHTOHIO RAHOBACL ffEJTb KAGTHJIBO. 95 

lieAOGTaTKOBi MOHXi TpjAOBi aaKiD^aeTOfl He FBTom, tto oeh oooraB- 

^eHH nOA'b rtlTB HIH APTTHVB BJliflHieifB, KaK^6H AOCTOftHO H B08BH- 

ineHHO OHO HH Ohio, a vb toitb, ^o, xjao hju xopomo, ji mhcxi) soerxa 
i^aHooTOflTeJiBHo... SI HO 6;a7 KacaT&OH Bonpooa^ upoAoixaerb obi, 

CTOpOHHHKli JIH fl SaopeTHTeAHOft OHCTeMU HJIH F&rB, Tasi KaK'b BCtol 

fl3BioTHo, ^0 fl HMiD Vb BHAj HO sanpeoieHie BBOSa HHOorpaHHiirB 
TOBapoFb, a jiHHiB Heo6xoAHHoe nospoBHTeiBOTBo HamHifb, AU Toro, 
^o6u noojckAHie Moru KOHsyppHpoBaTb ob nepBUXH, eoiH He na 
paBH£tx!b, TO Ha oxo^cHHXB jOAOBiflrb. TaKse He Moserb 6uTb h pbHH 

t) TOITB, HTO fl XOTf nOSpOBHTeJCbCTBOBaTb XHmB AJ^fl nORpOBHIOJIBCTBa, 

xoTfl 6u OHO 6hjio fieBnoiesHO, h xota 6h AAHHan iipo]aimjieHHoeT& 
XTOflia Ha lasoft bhootI, ?to ho HysAaiacB 6ii bb mwh. Boe 

BTO, EOHenO, CTOHTB Bl nOIHOlTB HpOTHBOpim OB MOHMH BOBSpt- 

HiflMH. noKpoBHTencTBo AOJtSHO HMtTB MtoTo npes^o Booro H fiojTbe 
%eero no OTHomenin kb nai^oHaiBHoiiy Tpyxy, noroicy ^xo ipjAB — 
^aqioHajieHB. IIo OTHomeHiD kb HonaHiH h xo^ toibko Toro, ^ero 
^OTflTB wa oeGfl CoeAHHeHHHe IDTaTii, JIhctb j^in repManiH h ffpyria 
TOoyAapcTBa — jt^a. ce5fl... Tl hsb naoB, ^arraeMB AftJiBme, kto ecihi- 
^TfiiBaiB jAOBOABOTBie BB ooHOBaTOJCbHOHB HBy^eHiH oiaBHaro nepiOAa 
Hamel HCTopin, kto co BHHMaHieicB Hsy^aAB BKOHOMH^ecKiA npH^nnH 
Hamero yna^Ka, kto cosHaeiB bck> 6iA0TBeHHOCTB namero coBpeneH- 
naro noioseHiA, nocTOAHHO yxyAmaDQ^aroGfl, rk ne HysAA»TCfl bb 

.J[H0T&, HT06u HOHflTB, IJO dKOHOHHqeOKafl HOlHTHEa AOJISna HMiTB 

sflicB xapaKTepB cyiiiecTBeHHO HaiponaiBHUt. Hsy^enie HOTopin h 
pasHHHueHie hi^b hod BMioTi ob Tn^axejaHUMB aHaiHSOMB noHATifl 
•0 TOMB, ^TO TaKoe HaiQfl, H KaROBa efl i^Ha bb nponuoHB, nacrofl- 
fl^eHB H 6yAyiiieMB ^exoBi^ecKaro po^a saoraBHJUi iceHfl OTKasaTLCfl 
t)TB BOflKaro yTonH^ecEaro KocHonojiHTESMa, pa8pymaI)^^l^o ocHOBHHe 
1IpoBHAeH^iaJ[BH£Ie BieMeExn nporpecoa» *). 



Co^mHeHui KanoBaoa mosho pasAiiHTB na xpH rpynmi: hctoph- 
^CKifl, ny6ji[Bi^0THHecKifl n noaxHHeoKifl. Hbb HcropHqeoKEXB ero 
pa6oTB, KpoHi yse ^HT^poBaHHoft «0 Hawaii h kohi^ BOOHHoft 
oynpeMaTiH HonaHii[eBB bb EBponi» (bb xpyroHB HSAaniH cow- 
meHie 8T0 HOOHTB HasBanie: <ncTopifl yna^Ka Hcnanifl co Bpe- 
neHH'BCTynjieHifl na npeoTOJiB $nj[Hnna III jifi ovepTH Kapjia ni>X 

HaH60JD)inett HSBiOTHOCTBD HOUSyDTOfl cO^epKH HO HOTOpiH BjapOTBO- 

Banifl ^Hunna IY» (MaApHAi* 2 v., 1888 — 1889). IlepBoe H9BHa- 
BBaHHHXB coHHHeHit oocTaBAfleTB rnpoAOjnseHie SHaMOHHTaro Tpy^a 
lesyHTOBB Mapianu h MHHBflHH cHcTopifl ncnaHlH»; BTopoe— saKjoo- 

-qaOTB HOBUfl HHTepeCHHfl A&HHUfl AU BOeHHOft H nOJIHTHieCKOft HOTO- 
piH HcnaHlH BB XYII CTOAiTiH. Ro BTopot rpymii OTHOOflTOfl hAro- 



*) ^e c5mo he venida k ser doctrinalmente proteccionista:^! ib., m, 
405-413. 



96 P7CCS0E BOFATCTBO. 

Topua I8X yse sasBaHHUX's HaMH co'iHHeflii, sairb cCoBpeiieHHiia 
saAa^Hi, r;^ aBTopi oo6paj|i oboe pi^H h oTatbH no BonpooairB no- 
XHTE^eoKaro, aKoikoimecKaro n ooi^lajiBiiaro xapasiepa, san cEl 
Solitario y su tieiQpo», npexcraBJiiiDii^ee 6iorpa$ii) dcTeBaieca Bajn&- 
AepoHa Bi OBflSB ox o^epKom Horopii BoaposAeHk HonaHORoft iHie- 
Typii; oDAa se orsoonToa ero «jiHTepaTjpsH6 8TDffEi» (^Estodiaa 
literarias, Madrid, 2 y., 1868), paAi* npeAHOiOBifi si npoHSBOAeHiiiirK 
pasu^RUXi ooBpe]i6][Hiix'& HHoaTejieft. Hsi sthxi npoAiojio^ft ooo- 
teHHst HHTepeoi npeAcraBifleTL cCoBpeiieHHHft HCDaHoicift learpi^^ 
oooraBJiflnmee BBexeHle ki ofopHHKj ^Autores dramaticos content- 
poranea8», (Madrid, 2 y., 1884) h nepoBexeHHoe va ^pani^oRift 
flSHKi («Le th6&tre espagnol contemporain», tradoit par J. C. Mag^ 
nabel, Paris, 1886). ?to KaoaeToa noarneoKHX'L iipoH8B6AeHii Kaio- 
Baoa, TO OHH oTiH^avTCfl MU Me^raTenHO-xHpH^ecKHMi wa naTpio- 
TneoRim xapaKrepom, xaKi tioxsmHHOTBo TBopesift ooBpexeHHoft 
Mjasc HcnaHiH. 9th npoEaBaAevia KanoBaca oo6paHU vh xbtxi xoMax-K 
«Arte8 y letra8>, (Madrid, 1887) h lObres poeticas*, (Madrid, 1887). 
HoTopH^eoBifl poMaEi hbi ApparoHCKoS xhshh XII b. «La campana 
de Hoesca» (Madrid, 1852) npHHaxJiesflTB Kb ^aetj jcfoaETb 6ejue-^ 
TpHOTHTOOuxi couHeHitt KaHOBaoa. 

KaH0Ba<r& 6hxi npesHAeHTon'L icaAPHAOROl sopoxeBOKol asi^eiilH 
HOTopiH, KaxoBHiTb H ooTaBaxofl Ao oaMoS OMepiH. noffB ero poAaKi^ieft 
^jieHii 8T0i aEaAeiiiE npeAnpHmn o6mHpHoe HBAanie paxa MOHorpa^ift 
no HCTopiH OTA&iBHHX'B i^apeTBOBaHlt, noA'B ofin^iHi HasBaHieirB cHoro-* 
pifl nonaHiH>. 

OxEOBpoHeHHo KaHOBaox cooToim uieHOirB xpyrHxi y^eHiixiL 
o6iueo!rBi Kasi bi HonaHin, rasi* h aa rpaHHi^el h, xpoiit sroro^ 
^aoTO 6iurb Hstiipaein npesHAeHTOMi MaApHACKaro HayvO'iHiepa- * 
Typflaro ofiiaeoTBa cAieHeo^, ooHOBaEHaro bi ffiagjifkTuvh roxaxi. 
Hiuiiiiflflro CTOjiiTiii. 

Boe 0Bo60AHoe orb rooyxapcTBeHHoft a'^tojuiHocth Bpemi Kaso^ 
Baoi nooBflman cbohitb vD6moawb lOTOlf^HKO xiiepaTypHHirL saEfl^ 
TiaH'B. y Hero oSpasoBaiaob BejusojiinHaH 6H6i[iOTeKa, cocroflmaii 
Hsi 20,000 TOMOB%, opeAH KOTopuxi He Maio i^HEHxii pysoiiHoett 
H crapHHHHX'L HSAaaift. CorxacHO aaBin^aHin, Eas'L roBopoTB^ boh 
aia 6H62ioTeRa Aojosna nooryiiHTB vb oofioTBeHHOOTB MaAPHAORoS nai^io- 
Haiuofi 6H6jnoTeRH. SEhxi owh vb cBoerb naAPHAOROHX ABopi];i« 
TaRi HaBUBaeMOiTB cHuerta^, ORpyseHHOHi poorohihuhh oi^tt^MH. 



IlHinynteMy sth orpoRH ne paoi uphxoahiogb npHoyroTBOBaiB Ha 
aaciAaHiaxi HoaanoRHXi RopreooBi h ojoimaTb pi^H RanOBaoa, RorAa 
OHi, noAHHBiHHCB iYb TBsrb HasuBaeMOft €roxy6oft ORaMBH» (banco 
azul), OTBiian Ha HHiepnejifliUH AOnyTaTOBi hie sanj^En^an i^oE 
saROEOnpoeRTS. HauEan oei eIoroxbro rxyxo e moeotoeso, eo oRopo 
ozEBXflxofl; jiiMh ero OTXE^axacB ESfln^eoTBOMi e xerROOTBD otrje e 



JlfiVh AHTOHIO EAHOBACt JSfiSh KAGTHIBO. 97 

o6HapysBBaia lOAnsHHiaro napjiaHesroKaro opaTopa. 6% caxoft BHto- 
HOOTH ero 6hiJL0 VHoro cepbesHaro i HMDOHHpjDn^aro: mHposift lofrB^ 
upHqecaHHEie HasaAX bojioou, rycnia, oubho HaBscmifl Ha^ riaaaiiK 
6poBH, asBBol BSrjiflA'B, npoHflSHBaDDi^ia CRBOSB neHOsa, npaifoft, ho h1- 
csoxBKo mnpoKifl hoctl, ToxoTue, ci^ue ycu, Hedonmaii acnaHBOxsa, 6pH- 
T£ie n^eKH h noA6opoAOK'B, ocaHnorafl ^orypa— TaKOBi nopiperB Kano- 
Baoa. Ho wb STOft oepBesHoft h no^TeHHofi HapyxHooTH SHBoe BOo6pa- 
seHie HonaHi](a Boer^a yirbio Haxoj^HTb soMH^Hyu cropcHy, h HonaHORie 
RappflKaTypnoTU, npeyBejmqHBaa TEHHUufl nepxH iBi^a KanoBaoa^ 
yiiyApflJDtHCB npH^aBaTB ero E8o6pas6HiK) bb^ x tfyAB^ora. IIoMnD, Kasi ojs,- 
HavAU wb Mvsfiaxk, Ha Puerta del Sol, OKBWb npo^aBei^ MaxeHBKHX'B co- 
6a^eEi npEBJieKan BHHMaHie Hy6xflsi Boarjiaooni: <CMOTpHTe, roo- 
no^a, BOTb coGasa o% rojiroBoft aohi AhtouIo KaHOBaoi ao^ ^~ 
OTHJiBo!» npoxosie ooraiaBiHBajDtfiCB h yj[£i6ajiHCB, a npojiasei^ 
Hnijii ycnix'B. 

V KaHosaci He 6ujn> nonympeni. Bnpo^eifB bi CHiy ooo6eHHaro 
CKiaAa HaipoHaiBHaro xapaKTepa h TpaAHi^iS bt» HonamH AocraroqEQ 
oanoHy nonyjiapHOMy ^eioBfesy noxy.^HTB BxaoTB, ttoGh bkIotI oi 
tIitb noTepflTB BOflKifi RpeAHTB Wb o6ii^eoTBi. HcaaHemb Bcer^a 
6yAHpyeTB npoTHVB Biacreft, h bto o6T>acHJieToa ctouro se hoto- 
pH^eoRHMH, OKOJiBKo H' coBpoMeEHHHH npHUHaiiH. <He sa^o satiu- 
BaTB, rcBopHTB OAHVB Effb ooBpejceHHuxii HcnaHOKHrB ny6xHJi;H- 

OTOBl, ?T0 HonaHk— OTpaEa BHAHBHAyaJEBHOl HeSaBHCHMOCTH, ctfeFOT' 

pift>^ T. e. oaxoynpaBJBteHifl, Aoxoiflni(aro ao aHapxin, CTpana «gaer* 
rillero8» (t. e. HpperyjflpHuxi BoeHHUxx otpha^bti), tjA sopoxB h 

HapOAl, SHaTB H AyXOBOHCTBO OAHHaROBO 6iUH 6yilHH H MflTeSUU» *). 

Crb Apyroft OTopoHU, bi HacTOiin](ee Bpeiffl noJOTHsa bii HcnaniH o6pa- 
THJiaoB vb ESBtcTHaro poAa onoprB, asapiHyK) Hrpy, Vb KOTopoft Kas- 
AHft o^HTaen ceOa BHpaEb npHHHMaTB 6ojite hjih neHle aETHBHoe 
yuorie. CiosHJiaoB A^se xapaRiepHaa noroBopKa: «En tauromaquia» 
medicina y politica todos los espanoles son aiitoridades», t. e. «bi» 
HoaycoTBi Topepo, b^ MeAHi^tHi h noiHTHKi Ka&AHft Hcaaneiii 
flBJiflercfl aBTopHTetoHii. BiiSBaiB HosyccTBeHHciMi o6pa80irB naAOHie 
AaHHaro MHHHCTepcTBa, botb vb cyn^HocTH n/kth fioJObniHHCTBa Hoaan- 

CRHXl nOIHTHKanOB'B, OrpeHfl^HXOfl SaHflTB MiCTO Bl aAMaHHOTpa^iH 

HAH o6e8ne^HTB eedi neHcix) aKoi-MEHorpa b'b 30,000 peaioBi Wb 
roAi (peai'B, bhpotoitb, xexie 10 son.)* 9^ ^^^P^ ^ noJUTHRy ra- 
sejio oTSiiBaeiofl na nojioseHiH Hapo^a h bthmi oth>flGHfl8T6& ero He- 
ApysejiD6Hoe OTHomeHie ki ero npaBHTOiuurb h y6isA6Hie bi toitb, "vto 
HcnaHiflfleMoseTBHiciTB xopomaro npaBHTejTBCTBa. HeBOJBHo bohomh- 
HaeroH rpapiosHoe oG-BHOfleHie Taxofi yiacriH HcnaniH, Roropoe juBJon 
ea cHHEi: eciHOn, roBop^Ti ohh cb Hpomeft, ro BoiMi GjiaraMi, ro- 
Topiu, no npocBGi Canriaro Ae RaHiiooTejua, Bofb A^poaaii* erofi 
OTpaat, Bi BHA^ njtoAopoAifl hoibhe o6Hiifl tferaixoBi, ^yAHaro He6a 



*) Azcarate uht. co^. crp. 18. 

J% 9. OtA%M% U. 



98 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. . 

H KiHHaia, xopomaro BHHa e KpacHBHxi senn^EffB, en^e ^an 6u h 
xopomee npaBHiejEBOTBO, to Hcnasifl o6paTHxaoB 6u Tor^a vb aenoft 
pafl, H xiOAfliTB He^ero 6hxo 6u A^aiB bi Hen... 

B. n— w. ' 

BapceJOHa, aBrycTi 1897. 



Ha jrfeTHHyL koHrpeeeaxt. 

(lIuobMO U3h JHeeAuapiu). 
OjifOk cTapooB^TOKaa Htioca co 8xo6ol saniTHxa, ito osopo-xe 

BeCB CB^TB 6jndTb OOCTOflTB H8X OAHHTb ^epeftHOBl A^ BOHTpOCOOBB. 

9ra FbMEa, Ha^o OT^aTB ei onpaBexxHBocrb, — xapaxTepHaoBaia cBoncB 
8io6HKir'B saMiiaHieiTB ^pesBii^HO BBixaDimDCfl OTopony HameS 
anoxn. H Hcxopia fieayoxoBHO orirfcTHTB, uk'b xapasTepHjD ooo6eH- 
HOOTB Hamero BiKa, to odoTOflrexBOTBo, ^iro Boi cTpeicxemfl, B&b xpi- 
ndfl ^aflina, TeqeHia h sryuiA npoTHBop^^^, BOdHHEannufl bo bo^xi 
c^epaxB ^exoBinecxoS shshh, HaxoAflTi cBoe noAspinxeHie, paspi- 
meme sxh cnoonimecTBOBame nyreiii o6ii^hx%, oBoero poxa napxa- 
]ieBTapHiixi», oficysAOHii. Bi npoTHBonoxosHOOXB BoiirB npoAUAT- 
n^irb anoxaiTb 8to jiBxeHie ootb HeooMHisHo Mory^ KyxBTjpHuft 
nporpeooi, soTopHft, cxyaca pesyxBTaTon boxhsexb TexHH^eosHX'B 
BaBooBaHift vb o6xacTH MesxyHapoAHUx'B OHomeHii, nyreft coo6meHifl 
I 6oxte impoRaro npooBtn^eHia HapoAHHXB Maooi, oxyxETB o% cBoeS 
CTopoHH Moryn^eoTBeHHHiTB ^axTopoiTb Kb xo^ft noxHTHiecRaro h 
odn^ecTBOHHaro pasBHiifl napoAOB^b. KasB rxy6oEo e noBceiitoTHo BHi- 

APBLIIOB 8TE HOBilfl ^OpilH ^eXOBt^OCBEXB CHODieHifl Bli SH8EB H 

cTpeiixeHifl ooBpeHeHHooTH, Tony cxysHTB HarxEAHHMi AOBasaTexB- 
cTBOiTL He TOXBRO o6Hxie ROHrpecooBi E He ToxBRO HXB noBoeirbcT- 
HOCTB, HO H Hxi ptAKlft, HeSuBaxull 60^6 cocTasi H xapaRTopB. Ha 
TaRoro poAa ROHipeocaxi npHHUOOB khA vb npomxovB mIcai^ ho6h- 
BaxB vb niBefti^apiE, bi 8Tofi RxaocHHeoRoi orpafffc nesAyHapoAHHX'b 
oiisAOB'B, Vb 8ToS cTpani c^seaeicHoft HBAyoTpiH» — raxi HaafiiBaeifofl 
Fremdenindustrie. 

€Aiif dem freien Boden unseres Landes» — Ha novBi namefi cbo- 

(SoxHoft orpaHH, Rani vb ropxooTBX) roBopflrB niBefti^api^, oo6HpaxoH 

Bi 0TO xiTO, RaRi Boorxa, Ao6piiil jtfiomojL'b BoeBOSMOSHHX'B Meawy- 

^pOASHxi ROHrpeoooBB. Ohe cAtxaxHCB nooreneHHo OAHoft ebb ao- 

c^npEHtqaTexBHOoret, npoAxaraeifUXB BEHMaHir e xx)6o3HaTexBEocTH 

Tii% A60ETROBI TBICflTB EEOCTpaEI^eBl, ROTOpHO HatdSaDTB HO A- 

TaMX Vb dTOTB ^AHBB yroxORB aeMHOFO mapa. dxa AOCTonpEMiia- 
texBHOCTB TiHB npETaraiexBHte, ^to ona ^aoro HMien EHxepeoB ho- 



HA A^bTHRZl KOHTPBCCAX'B. 99 

msHH, TaRi» KaKi cneidaxBHOOTBi) niBefti^apin cAtiaucb oo6pasifl 
^me He 6&BaiKrb paHie, ne^euxh uemjfjjaapojiiauTb ROHipeooon. 
TauMH nepBiiMi KonrpeocaiiH Ohjih bi> lIlBeii^apiH Vh aro liio, 
iiesAy opoum, MesATHapoAHHe KOHrpeooH iiaTeicaTflKOB'B, npeAora- 
Birejiefi Tarb flasHBaeMOfl KaroiH^ecKoft HayxH, crapannuixoa npH- 
MirpHTB SHanie h Bipy, soirpeocrB o saKOHo/iaTeiBHOft aan^HTb Tpyxa 
s KOHrpeoci cIohhctobi. Mohitl xsnssiwb BneqaTJri^Hiairb on AByx'L 
nocattABiXL BOHTpeccovB fl xo^y nooBflxiTB aro ohobmo. 

Mhojib Mesg^yHapoAHOiTb peryupoBailH ^afipHuaro saKOHO^a- 
laiBCTfia aapoAHJiaoB snepBue bi TaKoe BpeMH, Korj][a ava oa npoBe- 
Aeeifl vb SH8HB He 6iuo Ha ibi^o oanuxi Heo6xoAH]nix'B yoiOBift. 
49to 6ujio b'b 1841 roAy. dJiBsaccKifi ^6pHsaHTB AakieAB JlerpaHi 
BBioTynHxi 0% npoeKToiTB icesAyHapoAHOfi ^afipn^Hoi HHcneKipH, ho 
He BOTpiTHJTB HHKaKofl noAAopsxH. Ci rtx'B nopi 8Ta XHOXB Hanua 
eeftb ooo6eHHo GxaronpiHTHyx) nouy bi HlBefti^apiH, rnt, Ha^tHHaa 
^"B 1855 roAa, orB BpeHexH ao BpeneHH noABepraxacB o6oya:AeHiD 
Vb pasxH^Hux'L npeACTSBHTeiBHHX'L y^pesAeniflxi ooDSHofi pecoytf- 
XHKH. CwoTXHBafl HlBefii^apui, He sHaa hh oseoro^eHRiixi BHyipeK- 
HHxx, HH BHimHHX'B paonpeft, yxe neoAHOEpaTHO HBXflxaoB HHHi^aTO- 

pom H TBOpi^OM'B BeXHXHXl MOSAyHapOAHHX'B HaiHHaHiS; AOOTatO^HO 

HasBaTB BoeMipHHi noHTOBiifi oodbi. Ta-se Bucoxaa creiieHB xyxfr- 
TypHaro n noxBiH^ecsaro paaBHiifl^ B'B obhsh oi B08HHxax>ntHHH hs 
BTofi noiBi noTpe6HooTi]iH, no6yABxa IDBefii^apiK) bbhtb Ha oe&i h 
HHHiuaTHBy HesAyHapOAHaro yperyxHpoBaHia BaBOHOAaiexBHOfi 3a- 
4^HTi2 TpyAa. niBefii^apiH panie APyrHXi CTpaHi Bsexa y oe(ifl cpa- 
BHHTexBHo oBHUfl pbmETexBHUfl MipH jifisi orpaHH^oHifl BKonxyaTai^ 
OHxi» paOo^aro XDAa, ona nwbQTh canoe maposoe h nporpeocHBHoe 
eoI^aJ[[BHoe daxoHOAaTeibOTBo, n He yAHBnrexBHo, eoxH ona h31> oo- 
o6paseHifi MesAynapoAHOft KOHxyppeHi^iH Boixi pinrarexBH'be na- 
craHBaerB na iiesAyHapoAHOHi* oorxameHiH bi c^pi san^HTs TpyAa. 
OoraBXHH vh cToponi pasoMOTpiHle eroro Bonpooa vb iipeA'i^axi 
MesAyxaBToHajiBHaro yperyxapoBaniHy ojrbAyerB, rxaBHuni oSpasoHi, 
ooraHOBHTBOfl Ha rirb MOHOHTax'B niBefiiQipoKOtt HHBiijiaTHBii, KOTopae 
* HJf&iH Vb BHAy yperyxHpQBaHie MesAynapoAHaro saBOHOAateiBOTBa. 
B'B 810111 oTHomeniH sacxysHBaexx BHHHaHifl p'b^B HSBtcTHaro roqr* 
AapoTBeHHaro A^^exa IIlBefii^apiH, noxxoBHHBa $peH, OTxpiiBniaro 
B'B 1876 roAy B'B xa^ecTBi npesHAOHTa mBefli^^poKaro napxaMenn 
{Nationalrat) co6paHie, MesAy npouMi, cjiiAyx)nMafH oxoBaMH: €...fl 
npeAxoauu'B 6u niBeflAapiH B036yAHTB BonpocB o sasiD^eHiH HesAy- 
HapoAHuxi AoroBopoBii ci> qfaxBD boshosho 6oxie paBHOMipnaro ype- 
ryjiHpoBaHiii yoxoBit TpyAa bo Bctxi npoMumjieHHHX'B oTpanarB. 
Biffb oanafl 6oxB]nafl TpyAHOOTB ^adpH^naro BaxoHOAaTexbOTBa da^boo- 
^aeroH B'B tom'b o6oTOflTexBOTBi, ^to, nyTOMi HsoxHpoBaHHaro o6paBa 
AUcTBifl oTAixBHot cTpaHH wb CMHOxi yxyvmenia aoxh ipyAa, ona 

rpOSHTB npHHHHHTB CBXBHilft ymOpCl Cn0006H0CTH OBOOS npOMHHI- 
XeHHOOTH KOHXyppHpOBBTB Ha MipOBOlTB pUHB*!. EiTb OOKHiHifl, TTO 

7* 



100 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

yoxoBifl npoi3BOJD[OTBa Wh pa3iinisHrb upomniureHHiixi GrpaHax'^ 
pasHflTOfl jipyrb on Apyra, ho era pasHHi^a ho xasi BeuRa, IT0611 

HejIBafl 6hJ[0 yCTaSOBHTB HSB^^CTHJID paBHOMipHOOTB vh yoxoBiiixs 

Tpy^a n coxpaHeHierB veo6xo;^icaro npooropa jsflo, rbTb hih hhhxi. 
ooo6eHiiocTeft h HOKiio^eHifi*... Rb 1880 ro^y totb-S6 noxKornxKb 
$peft, 6iarBmiS BnoGiiACTBiH oahhitb hsi MEHHorpoBi, t. e. uienowh 
CoiosHaro CoBiTa (Bniidesrat)> cvoBa B086yAHJrB npesHit CBOft npo- 
BKTB H BHecTB vb HaKioHaiLHHtt ooBi^TL (Nationalrat) ojr&Ayioniee 
npejEiosevie (Motion): «Co]D8Hufi CoBiTi npnrjiainaeTOfl boSth b^ 
neperoBopH 01 riaBHiftmHiiH npovsnnjieFHNtfH orpavaiis 6t» i^ixBi) 
yoraHOBJieHiff MesjiyHapo^Haro $a6pnHaro 8aBOHo;^aTej[B0TBa». dto 
npenosoHie 6kjio npHHiiTO, e coDSHufi oovbrh veueAJreHHO npHHsriofl 
8a ero Bimoiraeflie. Ho ycHJrifl coBiia ho bctp^thjih tfAaronpiflTHoft 
noTBH. Or^eTB coi)8Haro ;^enapTaireHTa ToproBn h ^BliieJsjb6R roh- 

GTaTlipOBaj[%, ^TO cUpOeKTB BOTptTHTL nOAffepSSy JKHBTB 00 OTOpOHEI 

oavaro BetioiBnroro wojra rocy^apoTBi, Tasi Kasi tioiBmEHCTBO 
orpavB He HaxoAflTb $a6pHnoe saROHOj^areiBOTBo no^Ji^exantHVB 
xemAyHapopcoiiy yperyinpoBaHiio bi BHAy ocoSeHHfiixi yoioBitt h 
HecorjfaoyDBTHXOfl HnrepecoBi pasjrir^Hiix'B GTpaFB...» Bi 1887 roAy 
ueHH napjiaJieHTa, A'P'b AexypTHH'B ■ ^aBOH'B, cHosa npHHfliHCL 8a 
npoesTB $peH, a Vb 1888 r. ohb 6vfn eAHHorjracHO npHEflTB h na- 
i^OHaiLHKirB coBi^TOHB. Ha ocHOBaHiH 8Toro B08o6HOBJieHHaro asra 
CoiosHEul CoeiTB B'B Mapii 1889 r. o6paTHJD[OH (TB i^BpsyjrapoMX KO 
Boin* eBponeficRHiTB TrpominiireHHUM'B cxpavaHB. Ci to^kh sptnia 
00D8HaTo coB^Ta pi^ mjia bt* sroirb ciy^ai ob o^^hoS cTopoHH b&h 
HSB'fioTHoirB yperynpoBaHiH npoHHmjireHHaro npoHSBOAOTBa, ci Apyroft 
se — oOb yiyroieHiH ywoBift Tpy^a. KaKB na oSiaora, oi 6oj[BniHirB 
yonixoiTB noffjiesaii^ yperyjooipoBaHii), vl i^Hpsyjapi yRasuBaiooB 
Ha BooRpecHfift npoMBmieHHHt rpy^i h Ha Tpyx^ aeHmEHB h a^- 
Tel. Brb nojrb nporpairaux'B nyHRTOBi jffiB HesAyHapoAHaro ooria- 
meHifl i^vpRyjrflpB iipeAAararB: 1) Boonpen^eme BOORpeonaro Tpy^a;: 
2) yoranOBJieHie ]fHHfiMaj[[BHaro Bospaora ^ra j^onyni^eHifl j^Teft r^ 
$a6pHqH0My Tpyicy; 3) yora^oBieHie MasoRicajiBHaro pafiovaro m^ 
AJUi nonK>oTROBB; 4) BooHpen^enie pafioru seHmHHib h hoj^octrobi 
B'B oooSoHHo BpejtHHX'B jsflsi 8AopoBBfl H oHaoHuxi npoMHCiaxB; 
5) orpaEHqenie ho^hoI pa6oTBi jsfla senii^HH^ h eo;q)00trobb. Csfk- 
AyDnqa crpaHH OTBiTHJiH Ha i^HpRyiiipi corsaoieMii oo6paTBca na. 
iipe;{xos6HEyi) oonsHHirB gob^tomb ROH^epeni^: HEjepjiaHjifii, Ben- 
riH, nopryraiifl, ABorpo-BeHrpiH, ^pani^iH, JIioKceM6yprB, Hrajrifl h 
BexERoSpHTaEiH. PoooiH OTRxoEExa npeAxosesie mseti^apcEaro npa- 
BErexBCTBa, a 00 CTopoEii ^aniE, repHaEis, meeipE, HopBoilE e 
KonaEiH eb nocTynExo EERaREXB BaaBiesit. Bb AaiBHlfimeiTB i^np- 
Eyxapt mBefti](apoRoe irpaBHTexBOTBO npeAxosEio oTcpo^ETB ROE^epeE- 
i^iio ffo BeoEH 1890 roAa, ^0611 em^tb BpeME Bupa6oTaTB ji,a Ees 
fioxie j^eiaiBEyx) nporpaHiry ;^tcTBit. 

niBefti^apifl 6uxa TaRi 6xfl3Ra ri ooyntecTBxeEix) caoero nxaaa^ 



HA. MTHBXl KOHTPECCAXl. lOl 

xasii BAPjrB, Ri HdymeBiD Boero uipa, noBBHUOB ssBioTsne ooip- 
^utLHO-nojiHTH^eoKie jKasu repiiaHOBaro HKnepaiopa Bflnreiua II on 
4 ^eBpau 1890 roAft. 3tk ysaau saaBJian, ^to caauD^eHHiifl b'l 

MeSAJHapOAHOt ROHKJppefll^H TP7AH00TH A^A jJij^ineHui EOXOSeEifl 

pa6o^aro BJiaooa Moryri 6utb, eou ho ycrrpaHeHii, to bo BoflsoirB 
ajLjn^ik cMiirieHH nyreMi He&AyHapoA^aro oonainema erpaffB, rooaoA- 
cTfiyDQ^xi Ha BooMipflOHi pHHStt. Bi» BHA7 BTOFO, SMLBJian Bhjcb- 
rejEBMi II, — «B X097, ^To6u npesAo Boero fisui oAluiaHi 0((>$Hi^aj&- 
mfl aaiipoci y $paHx^H, Ahfjuh, EeuriH h IIlBefii(apifl, ho Hat- 
jijTh'ME OHi BOSMOSHuirb BCTyiiflTB 01 EaMB vb ueperoBopu xu 
MexAyHapoAHaro oorjiaineHia»... TasHni oGpasoMi, repMaiifl oraia bo 
rjuiBi ABHSOHiB, HanpaBJieHHaro Ri MesATBapoAHOMy yperyupoBaiiio 
ooiqaiBHaro saROHOAATOJiBOTBa. IIlBefli^apoRoe npaBvrejiLOTBo ororynH- 
jocb vb nojibsy 6epiiHHCR0ft R0B4^epeH^iB, Roropaa saoftABJiA otb 15 
^0 39 Mapra 1890 roAa. 

BepaHCRaa ROH^epoHipfl, AOJUBBHeTBOBaBniafl CA^JtaTBOn Ha«aioii% 
cflOTeiiaTH^eoRoS h HenpepuBHofi a'^t6IBhogth axa npoBeAeHia iiesAy- 
HapoAHoS aan^HTU TpyAa, wb A&flCTBHTeuHocTH ne onpaBAaju aioro 
SBMHeia n nms TopMasua mBefliiapcRyD HHiiiiaTHBy. Ohb HMtia 
OAHBRO ROOBOHHo TO zopooiee a^ctbIo, %to noRaaaia i^eiieooCpaa- 
HOCTB HairfciieHHaro luaHa h saoTaBHJia mBOfti^apoRHXi AiarMeA n 
ycBjieHHofi 8Hep|rieS oHOBa npHHflTJboa sa a^o. B^tiaa rpynaa BHAai>- 
.flUDLOfl mBeai^apoRBxi o6iii[ecTBeHHO-nouTH9ecRHX'B A'^flrejiel, oaspaaoB 
Ha noAAopxRy npaBHTOiBOTBa h pa6ouxi opraaHsaoiifi, oosBaia, Ha- 
ROHoi^, vb uponuoHi M'bcfli^ nepBufl iiea^yHapoAHifltt ROHrpeoci au 
sauuiTU TpyAa. nporpaMMa aroro ROHrpecoa ho^th BaoxHi coBaaAaia 
<VB npHBeAeBHUMH Bume ayaRTaicH mpRyjupa inBefiAapoRaro npaBi- 
TeuGTBa, nooTaBHBi Ha o^epoAB, CBopxi Toro, JiHmL en^e uyHRTB, 
KaoannaicH TpyAa BspooJiuxi padouxi*. 

MioTOMi ROHrpecoa mBeftAapiVii fl86paiH B^DpHxi. diorb ropoxi 
pacTOTi* H8i roAa b'l roA^b, h, aBJUHCb ^aRTHqeoRH i^eHTpom mBofi- 

AapCROfi SH3HH, nOCTenOHHO JilklBBtOai H O^OHB daMiTHUM'B OBpOHOft- 

i'RHM'B i^eHTpoHi. Heiupe—naTB xbrb TOny aaaaAi a ne npHflOMHn 

H TpOTBefi AOIH TOrO ABHSOHia, ROTOpOe SailtTHO TOIiepB Vb MlOTHO- 

oiaxi, npHxeraD^HXi Ri BORsaxy h I^npHXCROMy OBepy. Bi roh bIrh 
6uBaflo HETRHeJUBoa aa ntcROXBRO HoyRinsyD i iiejiaHXOuieoRji) 
^Hrypy noxai^eftoRaro, a TonepB — qiTo hh nepeyioRi, to .myi^iiaH%| 
CTporifi, BopRifl, BUMymrpapoBaHHiifi ho xyxe pasBaBHaro 6epjuiH- 
ORaro xpaHHTOAa nopaARa. JIdCoqutho, kosaT npouirB, to, ^rro ara 
BHEHiROxeHHaa, npeyMHOxeHBaa h yooBepmoHOTBOBaHHaa MtcTHaaao- 
jouua Ha^ajiacB, rjiaBHHMi* odpasoifB, co BpeMOHH HasHa^eaia TpH — 
qeiupe roAa Tony Ha8aAi> ipopHXORHirB noxai^ajfelcTepoirB r. ^orojiB- 
Banrepa, 6fiiBinaro ao nociiABaro BpeMena eAHHOiBeHaiurB coqiaxH- 
H3TH^eoRHirB AOnyTaTOMi vb nneii^apc&oii'B napjKaMearb a ao chxi* nopi 
^«OBiiiii^ai)H(BifB 8X0 cBoe RanecTBO cb noiHi^eftcRoS oiyx6oil. Ero 

^ABBOMUIHXeHHHRH HiCROlBRO ROH^ySHTOa BTOFO COBMiOTBTeiBCTBa H 



102 P7CCK0E BOrATCTBO. * 

nox^aci myraTB eakl cbohui €T0BapHii](eirB>9 HasuBaa ero aucb-- 
socialist. 

OprasHsaTopaiTE soHrpeooa jAaiooB aih ero co6pasift noxy^ETB- 
B'B cBoe pacnopflsenie HOByiD Tonrajue, canoe pooKomaoe hbi a^a- 
Hift, BBBeAeHHHrb sa nocrtAHie A^a ro^a Ha 6epery Q^DpHXCKaro 
osepa. Ha npnsHBi inBefli^apiteBii . oTuauyjuiOB oo Bcixi cTpaHi 

OB^TB JOOAH paSEHXl SBaHUt I COOTOflHifl H, HXO BCOrO BaSSte, JDOAH 

caMBixi pa8Hoo6paBHHxi nouTH^ecKHi'B HpenrioBHUXiHaiipaBieKilt. 
OTAishBUB npaBETexBOTBa, xaai 6eiBrilicKoe h ^paai^dosoe, npH- 
ciaii cBOHxi oco6hx'b npexcraBHTeJireS, ^to, noHHTHo, offBiaxo h 
mBeii^apoKoe npaBHrenoTBo h bcI KaHtoHH mBeftnjapoaaro ooDsa. 

CooraBi soHrpeooa npeAoraBiajii^ neorpyi) sapTHHy. 8to nepBHfr 
ciy^aty RorAa jidah oamixi npoTHBonoxosHUX'B napxift, caMHK'B 
desnoinaAHsurB o6pa80]rb Oopan^eca Apyi^ nponiBi APyi^ bi napjui- 
veHTax'B, Ha Bii6opax'L h vb ne^aTE, HanuH o6iityi) noiBy km. cob- 
KicTHUxi otfcyweHie oahoS isi sryuxi xeici. JIk)ah naptiH 6e6eu 
H JbiGKHexra, onraBmie Boe ooiaxbHoe ^ejioBiveorao coojEOniHofi pe- 
aB^ioHHO& MacooS», HanaaDrB a^&t^ pasHHi^ bi cociaBt arofr 
naocH; aHaH6oj[te nepeAOBHe oioh btoA Maoou ne Taxi oxino h 6e- 
8ane<iii];ioHHO bohIdtb, hto boo spoirfc hhxi cuoinHHe paspymHrejoi^ 
UH, saKi raacHTB MOAHaa uH^Ka—Umstarz. Phaohi ci BefiexoMTi 
H ero eABKOHHnueHHHRairH pasjiH^KHXi crpaHi, mosho Giua BHAtiB 

Vb BTOTb paS'B XHfiepaJlBHUXX nOJIHTHKOBl, Vb pOAi HSBiCTHOrO cyAiH 

H ^y6J[H^^CTa RyxieHana, soHcepBaTHBHuxTi A^TeieS h nHoarejieft, 
EaKi A-P*^ PyAO^B^i^ Mafiepi^ MHorovojieHHyx) rpynny xpnoTiaHOKH- 
coi(iaiBHiix% A^flTOjieS CBtroKaro BBaHiH, BipoAiaBCTpiSosHxi anrn- 
oeiiHTOBx, H, ^TO Boero sairfc^aTeJibHi^e, vfbjL^vi nacoy no9TeH£aro> 
KaTOXH^eoKaro a eBanrexH^eoKaro AyxoneHOTBa vb axhhhohoxux'b Ka^ia- 
Haxi H ci npomnr aTTpH6yTaKH hxi Ay^oBnaro SBaniH. He 6iuo 
TaRse HeAoeiaTxa h bi» seHcxHX'B jijkBtejtarb paaxH^Haro HanpaBxeniH. 

ROHTpeOOl AftOn BOStfOSHOCTB BHA^TB B'B c6opl XDAOS, npo BOTO- 

piixi TO H A^o oxHmimB bi pasoRasax'b hxh uraenib bi raserarb, 

HO KOTOpSni HO BOaidft OHOAOGlTCfl yBHA^TB BCO^n. Ii;K)pHXCKift ROH- 

rpeoci npeACTaBXflxi vb vtowb oTHomeHiH 6oxBmofi HHrepeoi. Caiia 
Q0601) pasyKbeTCfl, vro oaMa niBefti^apiH h oociAHia CTpaHH— Fepiia- 
Hifl h ABcrpiH — OTpflAaxH vb II|i>pHxi HaH6oxBinee ^hcxo npeAcraBs- 
Toxet. Kpoici yHHBepcHTercRBxi h cnpHBaTHuxi) y^enHX'b tipoca- 
XHOB B'B rxaaa HSBicTHHe noxHTH^eoRie a^toxh. Bote rposa repiiaH- 
CRaro napxaHeiTa, nooxi EBreHifi PnxTopa, Bipni^e— paAoifB n hhitb 
oainiS orpaniHHS opaTop'b peflxcTara Be6exB. HoAaxeRO on nero ero^ 
XHUHt Apyi^i Ko HepiAKO noxHTH^eosit aHraroHHcrB, ooo6eHHo 
nonyxflpHKft B'B vshoS FepiiaHiH ^OHx-^oxBHapi. rHraHicRaro poora^ 
MyaraHHa, ohi tioxie 25 xin onEpaxca na roothxh h desnoHooiio 
Boxo^Hxi CBOH ROHTyseEHHfl B'B ^paHRO-npyooRyx) BOllHy Hori. H 
TOXBRO TonepB, OB oTRpHTieu'B poHTreHOBCRHxi xy^et yAaiooB naiTsi 
vicTOHaxoauoHie nyxB, BUHyiB hxi h bopothtb BTOMy rnraHTy Boa-- 



EH UTHHX'B EOHrPEGCAXX. 103 

xoxHocTB nepeABHraTbes sa co6cTBeHHUx^ Horaxi. 9th Asa noirrflKa 
ooiKsymcii yBaseHieirB h oo oTopoHH (901x1 npoxKBEHKOBi, 1 He- 
piAEo MOSHO 6hio BXi BHxtTB Ma KOHrpeoot vb APyxeoRoft 66(r6Afc 
cTb KpoTEHiTB RaTOJiH^ecKHKi naiepoiTB. FopasAO MeHie o6iiiHTeieH'B, 
HO H6 MOHie o(Sfl8aTeieHi» vh u^khx-l OHomeHlflxi TperiS vewh 
SBaiienTaFO TpijMBHpaTa 72 jjAthIS JlnduexTB. IIpeAaHHHft, xasB 
BcerAa^ OBoei ny6jiHitHOTH9ecKofi uncoiH, orapiifi xjieoTBift sypna- 
ncn H HicBOARO AeonoTH^eoBift me^'b-peAaBTOpi <Vorw&rts'a» 

CBXBTb OTAilBHO OTB AOJKOraTOB'b ROHTpOOOa Bl BepBOHl pg^y TpH6yHH 

sypHaiHeTOBib, tieenpepstBHo saHfliut nHOLifeHHofi pa6oTOfi. 

HHTepeoHyD rpynny — ^eioB^R'B 80— npeAoraBxaiH RaTomveoBie 

XpHCTiaHOBH-OOipaJIBHHe A^ieiB, 8a HOMHOrHMH HOBIB^ieHlBMB, 66I&- 

ritcBie h ^panitysoBie cBan^eHHHBH. BHOTynaBmie vn ixi opoAH 

OpaTOpK OEaSHBaiBCB 6260TamHMB CB OBOOft TOUH Sp^BiB Al&AeBTH- 
RBMB, npORpaCBO OOBiAOUeHHilMH HB O^OTB SFJ^BXl BOBpOOOBl 00- 
BpeiieHHOCTH nOjBTBRaHH. Jifii 0006eHH0 BBTOpeOBUXB IB^BOOTB BH- 

A'lifljracB 181 cpoAK CeJiBrifioRot A^e^a^iE. Oahh^ h81i hbx!b hsbIot- 
HHi 6pDoeiBORilt BABORarBy AOnyrarB DapiaMeHTa h npo$eooop:b ta- 
Momsflro BOJEBHaro yHBBepoHreTa $aHB-AepB-$eiBAe. Emfi ooBciirB 
MOJioAoft ^eiOBiR'B, 0% 6j[iAHZiin> jiBi];oirb, odpaiueHHKirB ^epsoft 60- 
poARoft, 01 acHBHMH rjasBiiH, owb noojii oiiepTB OBoero Apyra ^hb 
BoJiBAopoa oABffB hsi nonyjiapHiflniHX'B 6eJ&rifloBHX'B hoihtbrobi. 
Ha ROBrpeooi ho 6iuo opaTopa, paBiaro eiy. Ero pt^B o^aoriHBoe 
oo^eTBHie ^opim, ooAopsaiiB, rosooa b aceoTOFB, dHoprHUHiTB, bo 
rpai^iosflnM'B ABHseBioM'B pyRi, ohb yoHiBBaerx a^ORTB oboexb 3By«- 

flUXB H OHABBHXl OIOBB; BOpOfi OBI OSBMBOTB RyjIBRB oSIrXB pyR^> 

A^aoTB marB BnepoA^ h bbsbab h ycHieBHuirB noAHBiieirB oBoero 
RpacBBaro rojiooa nopasaoTB ojiymaTeiB rbrb moii](huS h rapiOBBqe- 
CRifi BRRopA'B R0Bi];epTa. 8to nyfioRoe aoilniB^eoRoe HaciaxAOBie, sa- 
eBBA^TejiBOTBOBaBHoe B Tim oiymaTOJiflMB, ROTopuiTB HeaoHaTHa 

^paBI^SCRBfl pi^^B... HiCROABRO HBOrO pOAB nraOOTB BTOpoft OOOTO- 

qecTBOHBHRB $aBX-A6pB*<&ej[BAe— a66arB Daens, RaTOjH^ecRit obb- 
n^eBBBR'B eABBOTBeHBHfi Vb cBoeiTB poAi. ^eJiOBiB'B OB'B yace nOSHXOt. 
B^B ero ooBopmeHBO 6pBT0]rB, HioBoiBRo RpaoB'fcDii^eiC'B bo BpeiB piqs 
joalb BBABH 6ojiBmoft jwh b BeooRpymBMaB oiia boxb. CaoRoftHo 

CTOBTB Ofll BB Tpfl6yBi, OFO CBfln^OBBBqeORift AJiTBBHUK Ra^TBBl BO- 

Ao6p&fli csBAB TO^BO. AftMORii nuefl^B, bh oabb oribarb bo meio- 
xHOTCfl, a rojioci BOOAynieBieBflaro opaTopa Boe se BSAaoTB nopofi 
CBiBHoe BByTpoBsee [^Boneflie. 8to rjiy5oRo BipyD^ift h HaSoxBiift 
RBTOjiBR'B, y ROToparo ropaiee cepAi^e cbjebho 6BeT0fl h OTdSBaoToa 

BB BeBSrOAK SB8BH B CTpBABHifl qeJEOB^^eOTBa. y Ce6fl BB pOABfli 
OBB BaSAJTB 16 1820 BparOBl. 

3p,1^h ROTBTE ynoiflsyTB emfi oabofo ueia ROBrpecca, sHaieHi- 
TBFO rauQificRaro naTopa CTouoBCRaro. Mvh 50 otb poAy, opeABaro 
pooTB, GaiAHuft, no BupaxeaiD raas'B b ^epiaiB aai^a HaiioiHBaDii^itt 
OTapKfl BTaaBBBORia isotipaseiia CnacBreaa, bo Bpeia piu ai« 



104 P7CCR0E BOrATCTBO. 

OSOJILKO HepBHHft 01 OTnO^aTKOlTB rJiy60K0fi HdRpeHHOOTH H Me^Ta* 

xeJCbHOoTH— Bi oOmeifB BaxBaTUBa^mafl, oiapoBKBaD^aa xH^Hocrb. 
Bi AJ^HHHoiTB cBfln^eHHiqeosoMib oAiflHiH owb 6scTpo nepeCiraen otb 
OAHoro y^acTHBKa EOHrpecca si APT^oicy, BHiMaiexLHO ciijqiTB sa 
B&bwb xoAOMi BaciiaHifi e ;^jia6TB otm^tkh Ha 6yMart. ^HTaieiE 
cPjooKaro BoraTCTBa» sHaDrb pou GTOnjioBOKaro bi ABHseHia raiH- 
i^iflcKHX'B Kp6CTi>afl'B. Ero HeycTaHEoi arHTai^H h nydm^HoraqeoKoi 

AiaTeJIBHOOTH 8T0 JSfiESeBie OfiaSaHO CBOHlfB Heo6uKHOBeHHHKl poG- 

TOMi. Maoro npHmjiocB eicy BUHecTH orb obohxi HOApyroB'B, ho ran- 
^ificKie KpecTiflHe ocTauoB na ero cTopoHi^ h opexH hhxi ohi nojur* 
syeicA piAKofi nonyjuflpHOciBD. Bo Bpeiifl docji'&ahhx'b Bii6opoBi ero 

BparE BBBOJIH Ha Hero HOOJIUXaHHUfl ofiBBHOHiA Vh CBHTOTaTOTBi H 

npoqBXi ysaoaxx, seJiaa ao6htbch ero apeora h oobo6oartboa otb 
cnaoEaro nojETHHeoKaro npoTHBEHxa. Ho eiiy y^ajooB yfliE vb Ben- 
rpiK) E EBioAEoro norpaHE^Haro irlcxeua pysoBojiETB Bu6opaMfl. 
BeErpiH a no cie Bpeiu OTKaattBaeTOE bu aabiitb naxepa aBorpiiloKEir'B 
BXaCTfllfB, laKl ^TO CTOflJIOBOKitt MOSei'B onoKOiEO npoAOJisaTB obod 
pa60Ty E peAaSTEpOBaTB EiOKOJIBSO OCHOBaEHUX'B EITB AM KpeoTBflrB 

raseTB. 

Si yse ynoMHEajii Bume ESBioTsaro KOEoepBaTEBsaro nEoaTeM 
A-pa PyAOJiB^a Mafiepa, aBTopa <Emaiicipationskampf des vlerten 
Stande8» h jspjTBTb KanETaAEux'B couEOEifi. 3to Ao6poAyniEuft 
orapn^eK'B, ^eJiOBtK'B cb fioraxiiMi sHTellcKHM'B oauTom^ — owb sasE- 
MajicE, MesAy npoum, oojibokem'b xoaolcTBOjrB meofo Jrbrb wb Aeo- 
pEsi, — ci> oCmEpsuME BEaEiflME, E A<fl BupasoEiE ero xucjiei no 
saKOMy sB6yAB nyEKiy EeAOOiaToqEo orpaEEqeEEo pasufapeEEaro spe- 
XOEE Ea KOErpecoi, a Tpe6yi)T0E i^-bxHe tohu. noaioiiy sasAHft pasi 
npoBSBOAEJio o?esB 8a6aBEoe Bne^aTiiEie, EorAa a*P^ MaSepi boxo- 
AEji'B Ea TpE6yEy e ctb 6jiaFOAyniEofi meeoS sauEajTB paafiEpaTB totb 
hie EEoft BonpocB ab ovo. TiirB BpeMOHeMB EcieKajio HasEa^eEEoe 
BpeME, npesEAOEi'B sboeeju'b Bi KoioRon, a npepBaEEHft oparopi (tb 
npeTeEi^i03EiiMi» beaomx cMOxpiJiii sa qaoii e saEBXEXB: a^, eohe- 
lyfiTO, fl E AO cepoAEEU Toro Ee Aomei'B, tto xoriiib cKasaTBl.. Ho 
npfl cCn^eMi OAymeBieEiE co6paflifl yqesoMy e wpes^ypii ooEOBa- 
TOJiBSOMy opaiopy iipexoaejioob ooraBiarB TpE6yEy. 

Hai APT^'''^'^ aBCTpifioKExi qi^soBX KOErpecca o6pantaeTB Ea Qe6fl 
BEEMasie iJiaBa pafio^aro ABEseEiE bb AbctpIe a-P'b Bektopx Aa- 
xepi— Ee6ojn>mafl e, sa nepBUft bstjueab, naio npe3eETa6ej[BEaE $e- 
rypa. KasaiooB, qro Ha seMi ocTaBaiacB eme cBisie cjt&au xixB 

HeBipOflTHUXl yCEliS E TOA ^AOBE^EOft 6opB6£I, KaKifl npEHUOOB 

npeoAOJiiTB BO BpeME araiai^iE aa pe^opny EsOflpaTexBEaro npaaa h 
vb nocjrlAEX)!) BsSopEyx) KOMnaEiD, bi Koiopoft nwh 6ua eoCetb 
BiECKEMX asTEoeMSTOMB. Ho KOFAa 8T0TB TE^eAymESitt qeiOBtx'B sa- 
Ha«Eli6TB roBopsTB, TO 8a oTOExaME o^soBB nosaBUBaeTOfl ffB rxasaxi 
orosB B036yxAeEiE; ovb cTaEOBEics pisoKi, saorynaTexeHii noAas* 
XEDH^B cBoefi 6e8non(aAHofi caiEpofi. dio, iieisAy npouHi, bi BHcmet 



HA JH-BTHHrL KOHrPBCCAXl. 105 

^neeneHH isTejiAHreHimifi h tohkIA opatop'b. He oTOJtbKo no co^epxa- 
HiD, cROJiiKO no BHimHUirb ^opMaiTB, AAiepa npoBooxoABTi ero 6ih- 
^asamift corpyAHHRi nepHepoTO^epi, fiiiBmit AonyraioirB peSxcpaia 
H Ha nooji^AHHX'b Bii6opax'B TaKxe iio5BTiift aHraoeifHTaMH. IlepHep- 
OTO^ep'b Ha^an obod Kapsepy Easi j^eHiifl h naoaTejib; ohi en^e h 
TenepB HSAaen HHiepeoHHS, xoth Majo paoapoorpaHeHKufi sypHaiii 
^Deutsche Worte» IIocTeneHHO ohi ho^th Bcei^ijio OTAaioa nojEHiEKi. 
dra noojiiAHii uoiy^Hia BiJiHi^ IlepBepoTO^epa HesaMtHHimft aKseitn- 
Jiflpi. DpoBajiHBniHX'b ero aHTHceuHTOB'b ofb HeHaBHAHn bo^mh $h6- 
paMH xyniH, H Kor^a ohi npHBHuaeiofl hx^b pasAiuiBaTb, to 9yB- 

CTByeiDB, ^TO OTL HHXl paSJietaiOTCII UOHBH. 

CoBepmeHHuirB soHTpaoTom aBJEflDTOn Apyrie xeJ^eraTu Toft se 
ABOTpiH, HO iLVh HHoro, xpHcxiaHCKO-coiuaiBHaro Aarepa. Baaxb 6ii 
xoTB Hpo^eccopa Dlafixepa, ohi se Aonyrarb pefixcpaia h KaiojiHie- 
<5sifl A^Teu. To^HO eiejl no oepAi^y pauHBaeica ero piiB, npoHS- 
HOCHMafl 01 noRawBameirB roioBii bo Boi oropoHii h cb ysf hjubhuitb, 
npocanuiirB ahi^om'b. Ohi ohobhaho o^ohb irarKooepAeHHafi ^exoeis^, 

nOTOMy ITO OTOHTB OMy TOIBRO HiOKOIBKO OSHBHTBCfl H npHXaiB CBOeft 

apryiceHTai^eft npoTHBHHsa s'b orlHi, xaRi ohi cHona BnaAaeti b'b 
•aaerHqeoKifi tohi... 

Aaieso He Tarb irarKooepAeHHii aBorpiiosie aHTBceiuTJEi ^hotoI 
icpoBH. EcTB ^To TO csaHAajiBHoe, BKSizBaDB^ee h Bi Hxib pinaxi, 
H Bi Hxi ABHseniaxi. VLzh btoS saTeropia Oiui, HesAy npouirb, 
Ha ROHrpecei AenyTarB aBCTpifloKaro pefixcpaTa AsoHaHi, ooo6eHHO 
oTJiH^aBmiftofl bo BpeMfl HBBicTHUX'B osaHAajiOBi BToro sjioo^OTHaro 
y^pesAOHifl vh nooiiAHee BpenH. KorAa btotb ne^aiBHui repot h 
Ha i^DpHXCKOMi KOHrpeccl BnajiubBiHe HaAJiresani^iJl toh'b, tobi sajit 
pasAaiHCB ojioBa: nosBOATO, bbi ne bi aBcrpiSoKoirb napxaHeHTftl 

06i aHr2HHaHaxi» ofloaaiJiocB y monixi npeAOTaBieHie, KaEib o 
4»erMaTH'E[HHX'B oyni;ecTBax'B. Kto xoTim 6ii pasyBipHiBca bibtoitb 

MHiHiH, TOHy M02KH0 pOKOMeHAOBaTB npHOiymaTBOfl H npHOMOTpiTBGH 

SI HetioiBHioft rpynnt aHrjdScsax'B AOJioraioB-b Ha i^dphxceoitb koh- 
rpecci. dro Boero KaKHXi HH6yAB 12 — 15 ^e^oBiK'B ci Tpeicfl v^vxsl. 
^a rpynna nepBiie Asa a^a CHAiia bi riy6HHi saxa, Ha Tperift 
AeHB oHa yse ne xoTina ichphtboh ci Tasofi novTHrexBHOft AHOTan- 
ipei 0Ti> TpH6yHH h nepeneojia cboS gtox-b S'b eg noAHOsiio. Ci 
HeycunHUicE BHHiiaHieirB oiiAHJra bth cuhh Aj[B6ioHa sa xoaomi npe- 
Hifi H sa KasAHHi ciobomii OBoero nepeBOA^HRa. A otohio juuhb OAHOMy 
HBi HHXi caHOMy Bi Ra^ecTBfi opaTopa bsoSth na TpH6yHy, TorAa no 
Bceft ToHrajue pasAaBaJiacB oBoe6pa3Hafl HyauRa aHrjriftoRoi ptu, h* 
^6pan](6HHaH bch bi ciyxi anrjiiMcRafl AeJieraiqa RpHRaMH: hear, heart 
yoHAHBajia OAymeBJEeme h naeoox oBoero opaTopa* 

Hb'b 820oqacTHOfl HonaniH npH^un fb RaTOCTBft A^JieraTa H^Rift 
npc^eocop'B yHiBepoHrera bi BaienniiH, A-pi* A^itb Pa^aeiB Poa- 
|)Hrei(B AG KeneAa, MHRpocRonHHecRifl ^ojeobIr'b na xypHHUXi hos- 
icaxB H oi»6oABmH]rB rop6oirB, neBHHHuft RaRi* petfeHORi, h hhcroabro 



106 / P7CCK0B BOFATCTBO. 

Hesapasensft nporpeooHBEuioi HAesMH opoAHeft EBponii. Orb ropa^c^ 
parofian sa nojubsoBaHie A^TCSHirL xpyxoirB h ho om jthxoii HnoKonico, 
Korxa A-p'B PyAon^'b Maftep'B ei HiosoiBKO npespRreiuiot Mmoft 
BoraBHn: cHoaaHifl He pasfioraiiia otb tofo, vto esepxi HipK bko- 
uyaTHpyerb A&Toidfi TpyAi...» 

Msi xo^ercii en^e ynoHflHyrb s^ioB xotb oxhofo nneii^tpoRaro- 
AiflTeifl, H cnpaBejpHBooTB TpefiyerB ooraHOBiTBoa Ha AjnA eoh- 
rpeoca, ero renepaiBHoirB ceKperapi h naBHOiTB opraiHsaTopi. dro 
repMaHi rpofijDixi, Hsi npooTEm pa6o^HX'B AooiyxHBimlofl jsf) bh- 
ooRHX'b oieneneft. Bhih TpyAHiui BpeiieHa y aioro ^enovkiuk. Owh 
npHmen vb H^DpHxi npooruirB nepeHJBrerusoH'b, ho BOKopi bsais 
Ha cete peAaKipn o^HOi pa6o^et rasem h Bh dTOfi x^renHOOTH 
HaxHjn oe6i Maocy BparoBi. PaaosasiiBUDrb, tto eme 15 Jtin TOMf 
HaaaA'B, sorAa vb ero AOMi oiy^Hxcfl nosapi, ero hpothbhhkh vb- 
maiH TymHXB oroHB. Ho BpeMOHa HSMiHanoB. rpoftxHXi npHJiesHO 
H yoHjieHHo pa60Taii, ycBOHn nacoy sHaRift, mjHMjrb ^panicyBOKlft, 
anriiioKift h HTaji[BflHCKiB hbiikh. HicKoiBRO xbrB TOny Ha8aAi» cods- 
Hoe mBefli^apoKoe npaBHTejiBOTBO HasHa^vio ero oesperapeirB niBet- 
i^poKaro pa6ouro 6i>po; cb 1890 roAa ohb Bii6paHB vb KaHTOHaiBHse 
coBiTHHKH (EantoHsrat), a ob npomxaro roAa — bb ueHH BOXHKaro 
ropoAOKaro ooBi^Ta (Grosses Stadtrat). Bb Haoroaiaee Bpevfl OMy 5S 
liTB H OVB HSBioTOHB BB DlBeflii^apiH HOA'B HMeHOMB Papa Greulich. 

06paTHMeir, oAHaRo, vb rjiaBHtiHiHMB paOoTavB KOHrpecca. ^ep- 
saoB xpoHOx6rH^eoKaro nopHAKa, mu aojixhu, npesA^ Boero, OTHiTHTBr 
pe^epaiB npo^eeoopa leojuoriH npn ^pefifiyprcsotfB yHHBepcHrert- 
(bb UlBefii^apiH), nocBHn^eHHufi BoospeoHOMy TpyAy. 

BoTB FjnBvfc&miH mciH pe^epenra: KasAut pasB, KorAa bb^ 
sasoHOAaTejiBHHX'B yqpesAeniflXB pasiHnHXB erpaHB BOstiysAaxoa 
BoupooB sasoHOAaTeiBHOft san^HTt npasAHvaaro OTAUxai to eo 
cTopoHH pyKOBOAHomxB rocyAapoTBOHHiiXB Myset oxHrnaxHOB ona- 
oenlH, no ycHxenie btoS san^HTii Moserb noBeotE rb ooKpani;eHiD 

0D0C06h00TH npOHHHUOHHOCTH AMHOt OTpaHH KOHRyppHpOBaiB OB 

XpyrHMH orpaHaMH Ha BceidpHOMi puHX'k He OMOTpa na to, ^to 
OHHTB OTA^HHXB oTpaHi oosepmeHHo OHpoBoprB Tasyv TO^sy Bpi- 
HiH, yKasaHHHt npeApasoyAORB Boe en^e o^ohb paonpoorpaHeEB. 
MexAT TiMB, BaxoHOAareiBHafl sanuna BOCKpecnaro OTAHxa ecTb OAHa 
H3B i^xl npo6xeiiB Ban^HTU rpyAa, RoropuH BjmjuMmsi bb MesA7- 
HapoAHOVB paBpimeHiH, h6o BonpocB o BocxpeoHOMB OTAHxi eoTB 
sHBHeHHHlt BonpooB, xaxB AXfl CxaroHOxy^ OTAiiBHaro pafio^aro, 
TaxB, paBHO, H AXA npoi^BiTaHifl Boero ^exoBi^eoTBa. J(xfl oTAixBHara 
pafio^aro, noxHufi h HoyMaxeHHHt BOoxpeoHufi otauxb eoTB npesA^ 
Boero HeoTspaTiiiioe TpetfoBanle ero ^HBH^eoxaro baopobbh. Hto xa- 
oaeTCfl BxiflHiH BocspeoHaro OTAHxa na gjiOBvpo shbhb pa6ouro 
XDAa, TO Taxoft otahxb ecTB fiesyoxoBHoe TpetfoBanie o6nieoTBeHHOt 
onpaBeAXHBOOTH. Ohb a^otb bobmoshootb yxpiueHia ajxobhuxb ohtb 
pa6o^aro, paornHpenifl ero o6pa80BaHifl h noxBBOBamH Boinn xyxB- 



HA JfBTHHXl ROHrPECCArB. 107 

TypHHMH fijiaraMH ^eiOBi^ecTBa. yse AaBHO yxooroBipeio, vro orpaHii 
01 HaH6ojiie npHSHaHHUMi BOOKpecEUirB OTjpzxoMi pacnoiaraDn b 
Haafojiie HHTex2areHTHHM% pa6ow]rb oooiOBieirB. BooKpecuift ot- 

fiJiTb eOTL TaKSe OCHOBHOt TLOOTJJLWTb pdAHllOSHOtt OBO6OJIH; HOKOt- 

Huft BOSAB napriH itenpa BHHAropoTB roBopHn: ji He xony OEioft 
FHaiB paSo'iaro vb iijepKOBs, ho h Tpe6yK> laKoro sasoHa, soropuft 
Aajn»-6u evy BosHOSHOcTb osijsfiBhrh cbohmi peJiHriosHUMi Bie^e- 
HiflMi. JIflo BpeHTaHo noKasan, tto pafotiertxi OTpaHi, rx^roonox- 
OTBjen 6ojrle coKpamoHHHft pa6o^iS jifisb h BocKpeoHHft otauxv 
AemoBJie h lyvne padoraDn; npoBSBOAHTexBHOOTB ipyxft npn dxowh 
He TouKo He noHHsaercH, ho SHa^HreJiBHo paoiers h, xini camncB, 
o6e3ne^HBaerB AftHHOfi CTpaHi boshoshootb oi yonixoirb KOHKjppn-^ 
poBSTb Ha MipoBOMib pHHKt. BoospeoHHll OTAuxi OTBUBaeTCH Taiwe^ 
Ha oospaiueHiH kphshoobi. Ohb, naKOHei^, OiaroTBopHO Biiaerb na. 
noxHTHqecEoe BOonHTaHie HapoAa, AftBaa eicy BosMosaocTb h ao* 
cyn» Au noiBBOBaaia cbohmh rpasAanoKHMH npasaMH, vb Ka^60TBi> 
HaSHpaiejra h np. 

3rH cneitiaxBHHa ocaoBaHia B'b noABsy OTMiHH BoospecRaro ipyAai 
BeAyrB k% AaJUBHlfimoMy TpeteBaaiD oTHoCHiexBHO pa6oTHHi](i») koto- 
poe saBJiD^aeToa Wh npeAOciaBjieHiH hm'b caepxi Toro cBoOoAHara 
nocji'bo6iAoaHaro BpeneHH wb cy66oTy. KaKaa nou3a pa6oTHai](l otk 
cBo6oAHaro BocRpeoeHBa, ecu ona aeoB ototb a^hb AOJisaa yiioT- 
pe6HTB Ha y6opKy OBoeft SBapTBpu, aa auiBe h no^HHay nuraiBft 
oBoarb nineti h t. h. IIpeAooTaBjieHieMi se hojiobhhii ahh bi Gy6-^ 
6oTy noojrt o6iAa pa6oTHHiii A&Ha 6iua-6u bosmoshootb yse na 
KaHyni BOoapeceHBa cnpaBaiB ace neofixoARMoe no xoaaftoray, a vb 
BocapeceHBe a)UIotbbt6jibho oTAUxaxob oo aceft caoei oevbeft. 9t& 
jtBrora Aoixaa 6htb, hohhtho, npeAooTaajieHa h ne saaysBeft pa6oT- 
HHi^i. Aarjiia OTOcuraBie jrpynx'B orpaHi ai btomi OTHome&iB: ho^ 
cjiiAaie $a6pHHHiie saKoau Baeu yse lam iraKyD JiBrory au pa-^ 
6oTaHi^i, Ao6uTHft onim fiieoTfln^BirB o6pa8oirb onpaaAaii aoajEaraa- 
Biiaca Ha btotb saaoH'B naAesAU. Bi DlBefii^apiH ABBseaie b'b nojiBsy 
Taaofi pe^opMH A^aerb xaase rpoMaAaue ycirbxa, oooOeHHO oi rbrb 
nopi, aa&'B sa ea pasyMHOoiB h HaoToaTeiBHocTB Biicaasaioa i^tiuft 
paAi npeAnpaaaifaTejieft. 

Ha ooHOBaniH ooo6paseHiit pe^epenia, npo$. Beaa, soHrpeooii. 
MesAyHapoAHOfi danmni ipyAa oiaBHTB 0JilA7»nUa Tpe6oBaRia: 

1) 3aapen^6Hie Bocapecaoft pafiom AOJisao 6utb no boshosbooih 
a noAik cipaxoMi cepbesBHxi BdHoaaaift pacnpocTpaaeHo aa BOfk 
aaTeropia aaeMaaro ipyAa, cje^a- ^^ pa60Ty ai npoxumjieaHooTH, 
BX ropaHxi npoMiioaaxi, wb peaecJieaHOirB npoHaaoAOTBi, wb cexB- 
oaoiTB- xoaatoTBi, bi» OTpaciaxi nyreft ooo6nieaia (seji:&8HOAoposaofi^ 
no^TOBofi, leierpajtHoi h Teie^OHHoft oiysfiaxi), ai apynHuxib a 
nejiKHxi ToproBuxi saaeAeHiax'B. 

2) ncain^eaia Horyn 6iitb AonyoKaeaii tojdbko bi rtxi ojiyia^ 
axi, KOfAa 8T0 HeofixoABMO au oOesneqeaia aopaajiBHaro npoAoi-^ 



108 PyCGKOE BOrJlTCTBO. 

^eiifl iipoH3BOA0TB6HHaro npoi];eoca bt> noHeAiiBEHKi, hjih sorxa dtovh 
npoB^eooi, no TexHH^ecEHirb npH'^HHaMi, h6 nosers 6utb npespameH'B. 

3) HoKJin^eEui, AonjcKaeMUfl OTHOOHTesBHO sanpe^emfl BooKpeo- 

VOft paCOTJBI, AOilSHH 6wth ^aOMH He Ha OCHOBaHiH AHCKpei^iOH- 
SHXl EOTOJiBOBaHifi SaKOHa aAMHHHOTpa^ieft, ho BHOJIHi TOHHO BHpa- 

aceHu B% TeKcrb oaHoro sasoHa. 

4) Bo Boixi oTpacuxi Tpy^a aoisho Ohtb paBHOMipHo npoBe- 
^eno TpedoBanie^ vb chij KOToparo ui^airb, BKHysAeHHiiMi, corjuaoHO 
AonyH^eHHHH'B HCRJuo^eHifliti, si BocspecHoft paborb, o6e8ne«BaeTOfl 
AJm npasAHOBania sasAoe BTopoe BooBpeoeHbe, a bmIoto npopa6o- 
iBHHaro BOGKpeoeHBfl — 0Bo6oAHNft jxfiEh wh To^eHie HeAlu. 

5) Co CTopoHS npeAnpEHHiiaTejEeft ne aojishh, he tloai* KaREirB 
BEAOMX, HaJiaraTBCH Ha padouxi oOflsaTejiBOTBa BOOKpecHaro ejie 
npasAHHHHaro Tpyxa; BOflm TaKin oa^ahh He Ewkmrb ofiflsaTeiBHo- 

npaBOBOH OHJIS. 

no KasAOMy nyHKTy nporpaiiiai opraHHsaniOHHUMii ROMHtsTOirB 
^uiH HasHa^eHH ABa pe^epaia, oaehi^ na H^Mei^KOMB h8uk%, apj- 
rofi Ha 4>paHi^y8CEO]rB. Tasii saKi o6a laKExi pe^epaia vb cyiae- 
OTBeHHHXi qaoTExt ooBnaAaiE, to au Haci 6yAeTB AOoraro^iHo npa- 
BecTE H8ii oCoEX'b caMUH oyH^ecTBeHHHa HHOu. Biopot nymtTb npo- 
rpaHKH 6HfB nocBHHieHi pascMOTp^HiK) A^TCKaro ipyAa, o ^ewb ho- 
^epnuBasHUiirb o6pa30]rB pe4>epHpoBajii A^Toidft Bpa^'B vb Bepsft 
A-pi repHHi'L. no ero ciOBaMi, $a6pHqHafl pa6oTa A^Teft oy^eoTBo- 
Baja yse bi» 17 h 18-irB BftKax%, ho toako vh 19-mi> cTOJii^TiH ona 
AOOTHFJia TasHXi pasMtpoBi, TTO noHaAo6EUOB rocyAapcTBeHHUfl nft- 
ponpiflTiH npoTHBi ea rE6ejiBHHX'B nocii^ACTBift. Anriifl h Eei&riH 
oA^iau Bi BToifb oTHomeHiH nepBue maiH. HayKa ooBepmeHHo oo- 
rjacHa nao^en noojAAOiBifi A^TCKaro ipyAa, ho BasoHOAaiejiEOTBO oo- 
tiuocB A&xBKo nosaAH Tpe6oBaHifi rHrieHiz. 3totb npeAMeiB e^e h 
HO oie BpeMH bo mhofhxi cay^aflxx npoAocTaBjaeToa na npoHSBoiB 
HacTHaro yoMOTp^HUf. MesAy t^vb 0Rcnj[yaTai],ifl A^TOEaro ipyAa HAen 
^HinB Ha noiBsy ^acTHOi npeAHpiEMHHBOOTH: ona a^bhtb na 3apa6oT- 
HyD Mary BspocjniX'B jlei^i, Tasi wro ceicBfl npH Easyn^eicofl aapa- 
<ioTK% A^ToB sEBerB, Vb oyiuHooTH, He xyqme, a mhofo xyse. ^aiB- 
HftfimflirB poKOBuiTB nooAtAOTBieiTB A^TORaro TpyAa HBJUieTCfl nepe- 
yTOMienie, A^TCRit opraHH3M% ne bb cEJiaxi OuaaeiB ocBofioAHTBca 
OTB BnETaBmExofl bb Hero haobhtux'b ot6pocobb« rasoBTb h np. duo 
BOAerB RB rtiecEUMB noBpesAeniflMB h onaonuMB ncHXosaicB. Boe 

paSBBTie AHTHTH npHEHMaeTB HeHOpMaJEBHUft XOAB. H^xuA pflA'b 6o- 

^toHeB, BOBHHEann^Hxi paEBme nn nosse, MoserB 6utb OBOAeH'B 
Kb ^esMftpHoft pa6oT6 j^rei. 

CoBpeiieHHoe saROHOAaTexBCTBO pasjiE^HuxB 0TpaH^ bb pa8iH<i- 
Hux-B creneBflX'B orpaHEqEBaerB A^TCRil TpyAB. Bo ^pasi^iH jtfin 
JiOJiose 13 AtTb, BB FepiiaHiE — Hoioxe 14 iAtb, bb BeJiBtiH— ho- 
jiose 12 Arbj BB AnrjnH — Hoiose 11 liTB, B0o6nie, ne AonycRaDTCH 
IL'B paOoTt Ha $a6pHsax!B. OiHooHiejiBEO npoAOisHrejcBHooTH pa6om 



HA JI-BTHEXX KOHrPEGGAXli. 109^ 

XftTeft, ^paHiiysoRii saROffb npeAUvcuBaerB, ^to a^th KOioxe 16 ain 
pa6oTai)T'B HO fiojite 10 lutooB'B wh ojtkh, bi Bospaoit pn 16 ao^ 
18 jitTb — He Cojrbe 11 qacoBi. Sanpemeade HO^moft paCoTu A^Tefi npo- 
BeABEo vb B^^JioM'b pflA^ orpaHib, TOJBKO Bemlfl, niaxui h Honama 
OTCTaiH Ha dTOWh nyTH. Ho Bce CAl^aHHoe bi» btowl OTHomeHiH 
HpeAGTaBiaerB en^e bi ana^HTeiBHOft orenoHH ho 6ojiie EaiTK 
KOMnpoHHocu. Ji^^anvtejoiEoe orpaHH^eHie A^TOKaro TpjAa saniD- 
qaeicii vh oGn^eui, o6a3aTejiBHOiii niKOJUbHOirB oSpasoBaHlH, KOTopoe^ 
KaKi, HanpHHtpx, bi nJeefii^apiH, aihtoh buotb ao 15-ro roAa. 
Hs'b TtTb TpeGoBanifl, KOTopuH msoxa oraBHn ish a^tjimi, Moma 
BUBeoTi H maximum Ao^BOieHHoi a^tokoB pa6oTu. Bi msojiax'b 
aroTB maximum paBnaeTOfl 6 qacaMi. Ho rHrieHH^eosifl jcjioBifl 
msoiu: naysu MesAj ypoKaiiH, 7Ao5HUfl osaicBH h np. — Bce dio 
CTOHTB Bume ycioBifi pa6oTu Ha ^adpHKaxi. HoaTOMy A-P*^ 
repEBn noiaraerb, ^no pa60Ta a^toA bi Bospacrl ao 15 A^vb Ha 
Aoissa npoBumaTb 4 ^acoBi bi cyrRH. CaHuirB xe pa^ioHaJ[B- 
HuiTB cpeAGTBoiTB HBifleTOfl BBOAeHio ofiflsaTOJiBHaro oSy^enifl na 
KpafiHeft irbpt AO 15 ji:bTHflro Bospacran, rbirB cavuMii, — ooBepmen- 
B06 BOoopen^eHie pafioTia jifi^Tei vb dtowb Bospaorb. Oxpana noApocT- 
ROBi Bi BOBpaoTt 0TB 15 A<J 19 jiItb 60^6 ooTaBJui6TB MHoraro se^ 
jiaTB. MesAy rkwb BOspaorB BosHysama h ooBptBania caMUH ^ys- 
cTBHTOJiBBHt Eo BOHKaro poAa T^JieoHiairB noBpesAOBiaiTB. Tojoko (tb 
20 jitoHaro Bospaoia HopHajHtBiiill pa6oqift A6hb aajraoTca fiesBpeA^ 
BiiiTB, AJiH 16—19 JiftTHBX'B HOApocTKOB'B maximum pa6uTu H6 AOJi- 
mewb npeBumaTB 7 ^acoBi. 

CjiiAyiomie ^OTupe tesBoa ROMHCciOHHux'B pesojini^ifi 6ujih npa- 
HHiu KOHrpecooM^ no BuoiymaHiE pe4»epaT0Bi> h noexi ojniAOBaB- 
mefi wriwi AHOKyooiH: 

1. JifiTBWh MOJiose 15 JLtTB Boonpen^aoTca BcaKaa npoMunueHHaii 

AtaTOjIkBHOOTB. Ao 15 jAVb BUD^HTeiBHO B0& A^TH OfiaSBHU HOOft- 

n^BTB HapoAHyK) msojiy. 

2. EOAPOOTKH H yqeHHKH BlBOSpaCTt OTB 15 AO 18 JI^Tb MOryTB 

pa6oTaTB He OBume 8 ^aooBi Vb cyiKH, noGit 4 qaooBX pa6oTO 
AOJSHa 6uTB cAi^aaa naysa ne Mea^e IK nacoai. 

3. Bi Te^enie aroft pafioru yieHHKairB h noApooTKam jiflxsMo 
(uTB npeAOCTaBJueno Heo6xoAHM06 BpeMa am noci^eaia o6^^IX'B bih 
npo^ecoioaajiBHuxTi yqpesAenit* BHimsojiBHaro oSpasoBania. 

4. HoApocTKaicB a y^oHHRairB 6e8yojiOBHo Bocnpen^aeroa acaaaa 
npouumjJieHHaa pafioxa bb BOospeoBBie a npasAHa^iaue ahh. 

HyHRTB 1 cjriAyeTB noHHMaiB vb Towb OMuojift, 9T0 A^iaai BO0-^ 
npentaexca TaKse a pa6oTa bi tbk'b HasuBaeitoJl AOMamneft HHAy- 
CTpia, a nyaarb 3— bi tohb omuoi%, vto y^efiaoe apeita ae AOAsaa 
6uTB nepeaeceao Ha ae^epB, KorAa yToaaieHHuft otb padoiu aoApo* 
OTO&'B Hu yqeaaai ae b% oooroaaiH BOOHpaaaiiaTB o6pa80BaTej[Bayxx 
Hanqr* 

llepeftAearB ri TpcTBoay pe^epary aoarpeooa, rb p6(t)epaTy i^d^ 



110 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

pHXcxaro ojaui r. Otto Jlasra o pa6oTi Bspocjux'B Kjmwrb. Mu 
BHAiJiH Bume, ^to 8totb nyHRrL He sHaqHTca wb nporpaicMi ((epiHH- 
€K0ft KOHjtepeHi^H 1890 ro^a, ho HOOAHOspaTHO Ae6aTHpoB&scii he 
gQ^yrBX'B KOErpeooaxi daBHrepeeoBaHHiiiz'b aoevb. Offaoeme, ^to co- 
cpameHie paCSo^aro BpeHeHH aoisho 0uTb KynieHo i^hod cospanie- 
Hkr 8apa6oTHoft nxaTu, onpoBeprHyio j^aHHUHH onuia; mu Bcipiia- 
ev'b npoAOASHToaLHuit pa6oqift aobb HMeHHo Tan, r^i oymeoTsyerB 
HHBxaH 8apa6oTHai[ njiaTa. ^aiie Bce 6ojrte paonpocrpaueTOH jOte- 
Aenie, ^to jiflB o6e8ne<[eHifl BuroA'B cospan^eHHaro pafio^aro aui ne- 
^6xoAHuo ero saKOHOAaTeJiBHoe yoTanoBJieHie. IIpaBAa, npo^eooioHaxB- 
HuiTb opraHHBai^flM'B (Oewerksohaften) jabjocb bo MHorHrb oiy^aaxi 

AOdHTBCH AZK BBB^CTBUX'B MftOTEOOTet H HpOlUIUUeHHtlX'B OTpaOIOt 

€OEpan;eHifl pa6oqaro am* ho opraHvaoBaHHue vb bthxi Gewerk- 
achaften pa6otie Boe eme eooTaBAfiDTi opaaHHieiBHo H66oamy» 
AOJin pafio'iHX'b BOo6nie. Onuvb TpeCyeTB MesAyHapoAHaro saKOHOAa- 
TOJiBCTBa A<fl saniHTU TpyAa. Ecjih pasiz^Hua npaBHTeuoTBa yrsep- 
■SAaiH, ^To H8i coo6pas6Hift KOHRyppeHipH OHH He Moryrb oaMooros- 
TejBHo npeAnpHHHMaTB coipajnauH pe^opmi, to ocHOBaTOABHOOTB 
BToro AOBOAa ae noAJiesaia HHKaKoiiy coMHlHix). IIpaBAa, pesyiBTaTu, 
AoSuTue niBeii^apiel ci 1887 roAa B'b ea BUBOsHoft npoMumieHHO- 

iySBy MOrJIH 6U H^OSOJIBKO 0CJia6HTB BTOTB AOBOA'B, HO Bce-so yCHJdfl 

Ki eoKpan^eHix) pa6o?aro BpeMenn aojishu a^'atbch bo Bcixi oTpa- 
Haxx, Taxi EaKi tojibso MexAyHapoqHoe saKOHOAaTOJiBOTBo choooOho 
o668neuTB 6jiaroAiTeJiBHoe BJBuifiie TaRHXii iilpoHpiflTift. 

npH saKOHOAaTejBBHOM'B peryjEpoBaniH TpyAa Bspooiuxi irysnffB 
BosHBEBDrB pasHaro poAa Bonpocu. IIpesA® Boero HaA^o^HTB pi- 
oiHTB, Vb saxoMi Bospacrfc hpexoahtoh noiaraTB rpanni^y MesAy 
noApooTKaMH H BspocJiuMH pa6oqH][H. niBefii^apoRift $a6pHuuft 8a- 
sowb rrpsmEOJLHQTb mojeoauxi jidaoS mojeoso 18 liTB K'b noApoot- 
Kam. MesAynapoAHui KOHrpecci vh napnart vb 1889 r. TaBse 
H)OTaHaBjrHBajcfl na BTOft rpanHi^'b, to^ho Taxse aBcrrpificKoe h an- 
rjiificsoe aaxcHOAaTejiBeTBa. Mnoro Basnie Bonpoci, Kaxyx) npoAOjir- 

^KHTeJTBHOOTB eJL^SjeTb HpHBHaTB 8a liaROHliaiBHUirB pafio^HiTb gEeWb. 

niBefiGtapcKoe h aBCTpifloxoe aaKOHOAaTeJTBOTBa yoTanoBHiH 11 qaco- 
Bofi maximum. Bo VHorHXi OTpaciaxi h MtoTHOCTflX'B FepiiaHiB, 
"^^paHi^H H AnriiH ^aKTE^ecxaa HpoAOJOXHTejiBHOOTB pa6o^aro Bpe- 
jiOHH MOHBrne 11 ^acoBi, Touo Taiflse h bi UlBefii^apiH tojibko 
iipH6ji[HBHTejiBHo HOJLOBHHa Boixi> HOAiesaH^Hxi A^SoTBix) 4>&({pH^Haro 
saxoHa padouxi snaerb 11 naooBoft maximum; Aifl APT™^^ <>k^ 
OBOAHTOH Ha lOVii 10, 9Vi H 9 ^acoBi. Ci APT^oft oropoHu, mu Ha- 

XOAHITB nOBODAy B'b ABCTpiH H UlBeftl^apiH, Vb TftXl OTpaCUHTB, 

sOTopuH HO QOAiesaTB A^B^TBii) pa6ouro aaxoHOAaTeiBCTBa, 12—15 
qacoByx) H AAxe 6oJiBmy» npoAOiSHTeABHOcTB pa6o^ro BpexoHH. 
Pe^epeHTB AopaxHToa TOro HH^Hifl, ^o saAa^eft xoHrpeooa He mo- 
«erB 6htb nooranoBxa yToiiH?eoKHXi> Tpe6oBaBitt, qTO ohi ne aoji- 
-seffB bhxoahtb 8a npeA^m npaxTHHecxH AooTHSiiMarc. BooBMHWCOBot 



HA JLNBJDCb KOHrPBGClXl. Ill 

pa6o^ AOHB npexcraBJuieTCfl snojiHi AOOTHsiMoft i^&aD; vh 6ojrle 
mipoKOirB odievi n^a Hopua nposexeHa nonyAa toa&ko fb ABorpaiU 
H AMopiiBi, HO H Ha eBponeloKOM'L KOHTHHOHTb oyn^eoTByeTi jsjbMEii 
^Kb npoHHOioBii (TB yonixoiTb npaKTHKyDn^Hzi BooBHHUooBofi pa- 
<So^ jifiEh. IIocTeneHHoe paonpoorpaHOHie btoH hophh na Bci npo- 
MHOJOi npeAcraBuerofl Bnojrai BoaMosHHiTB. IIpesA^ Boero npHxo- 
jifOTb Bi vsowb OTHomeHiH vb paso^oTB Tasi> HasHBaeioiH npoHHin- 
leHHHH np^AnpiHTifl. HdiflTHiiH ooTai>TOH oeibOKoe loaaftoTBO h Top- 
roBU. SaBOHOAaieaBOTBo aojukho enraTsoji oo BOflRaro po^a ooo6eH- 
hocthmh h hotomj MOserB yoraHaBUBaTB H3BtoHiit mftTjni^m 
4)Bepx9aooBo& patioTs; t^ Apyi^oll oropoHii bi pasiH^HHTb orpaomrb, 
4SM0Tpfl no noTpe6HOOTH, npoAoisHrenHooTB pafioTS mosotb BOJie- 
^aTBOfl pasiH^HUMi otfpasoiTbi HO He AOJUBia BHXOAHTb sa Hopny 
MaKCVMajiBHaro pa6o^aro aha. 

BoBMOSHOCTB upaKTE^ooKaro npoBOAOHiH MaKeHHauHaro— one- 
ipajEbHo BOOBHHqaooBaro pa6o^aro kbb AORasEiBaeTOH o6HRHOBeHHO 
AByiifl onooo6aHH: TeopoTH^ecKHMH BiiuQienkHH h yKadaniHiiH Ha 
•onHTB. dra HHAysniBHaa apryMOETai^a, o:b naKonjieHieirB bi noojrbA- 
Hee BpoMH TO^Haro h naAeaataro onuia, npio6pijia lenepB Bnoisi 
yd^AHTeJiBfiyD OHJiy. HoTopifl ipyAa noKasHBaen fiesnpepHBHyD toh- 
^GRisfM} Ki nocreaeHHOicy oospan^eHin pa6oiaro BpeMOHH. dxo onpa- 

BOAUBO He TOJIBKO OTHOCflTOJIBHO pa60TII A'&Tet H aEeHmHHB, HO H 

Bapoorax'B pafio^raxi. HirB HHKaKoro cMHoxa npeAnoiosHTB, hto 
^Ton npoiieeoi pasBHTia BApyrB npiooraHOBHTcH. IIporpeooHBHoe 
yxy^moHie pa6ourB iteTOAOBib, yBeJiH^eHie oHapoBu h npHOiioooC- 
leHHOOTH pa6oHHx^, HenpeEpan^aDnueoa ycirlxH wb roonoAoxBi hi^i 
cHjiaHH npipoAu — Boe aio oosAaerB en^e HefiHBajnui yoioBia js,ee 
cospan^eHifl padowro BpeneHH; ctb Apyrofl oTopons BaKOHOAareABHsifl 
Mipu vb HanpaBJEBHiH TaKoro coKpan^eniH AaDTB hobho tqiuh au 
yooBepmeHCTBOBaBifl TexHHKH. 

HoxoAii H8i 8THXI ooo6pas6HiB, i^opHiosifi HOHrpeoci npHHieJi^b 
Kii ojilAyx>n](HM*B pesojiDi^iiiBrB: 

1. MesAyHapoAHuft KonrpeocB am aam^HTii ipyAa o^HTaerB na- 
OTOflTejiBHOll noTpefiHOCTBD BBeAOHie 8aK0H0H% yeranoBieHHaro Ma&- 
€HMajn»Haro pa6o9aro ahh a^ Boix^ jhhi^'b, saHaTuxi bi npoMmn- 
j[eHHOOTi, ToproBAi, Bi OTpaojEHXi, cjiysaniHXB a^u nyret oootin^oHia 
H cHomeHiH, b'b ooibcko xosafloTBeHHEiX'B spyaHiixi npoHHOjiax'B, b'b 
Ka3eHHHxi» H ofin^eoTBeHHHxi npoMiiojiax'B. Ji^jui oejuBcsaro xosafioTBa 
bo BpeHfl saTBii AonycKaDTOfl HciuuoieHifl. 

2. KoHrpeooi noAaraen, too npn coBpeMeHffoirB ooctohhIh xex- 
HHKH H noojii^ Toro» KaKi Vb pasiH^HEixi npoMfiioiaxii h crpanaxi 
coKpan^efiie pa6o?aro bpomohh ao 9 h 8 ^aooBi yBinqaiooB yoni- 
xaHH, sasoHOAaTexBOTBO aojisho aooiaBHTB ce6i isfibD BocBKHqacoBoA 
pa6oHifl A6HB. 

3. TaMi, FAi nepexoAi si BOCBiui^ooBOMy paSoneiiy ahd hb- 
^laeTGH Vb HaoTOflH^ee Bpeiifl HeBosMoxHHM'B, HaAiexHTb npHfijraxaTBoo. 



112 P7CCR0B BOFATCTBO. 

n H6M7 nyreiTL ycTaHOBieiiji boskosho 6onie 6n8Karo ki 8 ^- 
caifb MaKOHMaJiBHaro pa6oiaro xbb. 

3. 3aR0H0AaTej[iCTB7 HaAxesHn, sa HOEiD^eHieirb oooGeHHux's 
ojsyqaeBi, joiaHOBHTB aia Bcixi npomioioBi oahj h tj se MaKCH- 
iiaiBHyx) Hopuy. 

5. nocKOiBKy sasoHOAaTaxBOTBo jLBSt^erh lysHHirb AonyouTs 
yxioEeHifl orb MaBOHHaiBHaro pa6o^aFO BpeiieHH, yojiOBui TaurB^ 
yKjuoHeHifi aoxshu 6sTh totoo osHa^era bi oaitoirB saKoiii, a xo- 
nycTHMaa MaROHMaJiuafl npoAOJisHrenHooTB t. h. cBepnaooBofi pa- 
60TH AOJUKHa Curb yoraHOBioHa do onpeAtieHniiirb ^acaiTB aui h 
BpeiieHairb ro^a. 



Bi Hame Bpem, sara HSBioTHO, b% o6Braaft Bonrn onei^aiBsa 
soHcsia KOHrpeooii. C^y^aeTCfl A&sd> ^nx) bo rjiaBi ciiiniaHHiii^ 

KOHrpeOOOBB CTOIITB SOHIIUEHU; npHnOMHHHTi XOTfl 6il 6apOH600y $OHl' 

CyTHepi (yb ea nponaraHAOfi MHpa. HasoHei^, hh oahvb say^Hul 
HJTH nojiHTneosiB ROHrpecci ho oCxoiihtos 6eBi m&nm^wb. Owb xo- 
Tirn, qTo6H Hxx oiymaiH h roBopsu ehxii. A Tasx Kasi mhofo 
oTOJi'lrit noApnA'B Ki Hxi coBiTairb Bi o6iiie6TBefiHiix'b A^axi He 
npHoiyiDHBazHOB H Boero Meffle roBopiJiH ehxi na Konrpeocaxi, 
TO TiiTB HaoTofi^HBie Tpe6yx)TB offb lenepB BHHHaHifl kb oe6i. He> 
yAHBHxaiBHo noaTOMy, hto h ipopHXosli soHrpecoB noeraBHiB bb npo- 
rpaMMy cbohxb saHflrilt BonpooB asoBOSoirB ipy^b b ?to bb pa6o- 
TaxB soHrpecoa seHmHHH npEHHHaiiH o^oeb a^tojibeoo y^aorie. Ha. 
KOErpeocrb, vjifb cBiTOKifl s Ay^OBHHE jrai^a, jUHdepajiBEHe, A^MOEpa- 
TH^ecKie, KaTOJEEqecide, xpEoriaEOEE-oojqiaiBHHe, Eai^osajTB-coiqajn- 
HHe, aETEoeMETE^eoEie e npotie aieveETii cooahehiecb j^sl o6n^art> 
Atjia, seEDpEaiTB baboI si ipyAEO 6uio ototoatb OBoe sescKoe ffbio. 
H OEi A'iuiaiE 8T0 E6 6e8B TajiaETa e asepriE. 

RasB no sasAOMy nyEEiy, tbkb e no Bonpocy sescsoMi TpyAi> 
tiiuo AB<^ pe^epoETa. SI oTMl^y iheib pe^epaTB, npoqEiaEEHft A&Moi. 
8to eme MOioAaE AiBymsa, jifl^h EBBioiEaro yace eemb nana Fpoft- 
jiExa. Hue roonoss FpofiiEX'B BCTpftqaiooB yse VEoro pasB bb ne- 
^aTE, Eo laMB 61UE iflmB jiecTEEie otshbu Eeft, sasB xy^os- 
HHi^^. Bb Ka^eoTBi^ ny6AE^E0& AOEiaxHEi^H^ oEa BnepsHe ]ffi6t)TEpO' 
BaJia Ea i^pexokomb soErpecci. Osa xyAosEfli^a, eo e oaifa Horjia 
6ju ^HrypEpoBaTB Ea sarjiaBEHXB AEOTax'b ooBpeEOEEUXB xyAOse- 
cTBeEEUXB sypnaioBB: xyAesBEoe, coBoiMB eo riieoEoe cosAaEie, cb. 

EepBEHlIB MaJEeEBKElTb JEE^EKOITB E OB npOCTOft, EO ESfl^EOt EpE* 
qeOKOft BOJIOOB. Bo BOtXB ABEXeEiflXl> BEAeSB XyAOSeCTBOBEHft BSyCB- 

E ^yBCTBo M^pH... Efi po^opaTB orpaEE^HBaoTCE oonooraBxeHieMB 
rJEaBEifiniEX'B momoetobb seEOsaro Boupoca. Osa EOECTaxflpyeTB 
(i)aRTB Boe ycEiEBaDEiefica oxpaEH soECEaro ipy^a npaBBTOJiBOTBaifE 
Bcixi crpaEi. CoBpeifeEEafl npoMumjieEEOCTB EETepBaI^OEaJasa, 
OEa Tpe6yerB noaTOMy e HesAynapoAEoft Ban^ETu sose^eeb. IIpo- 



V 



HA MTHHrB ROHTPECCAX'B. 113 

lonnjieHHSJfl pa6oTHHipi OTSHOBaTCii Bce 6oxbme1k yrposoi oevBi, ary 
yrpoay mosho euanwth pejiiraeHieM'B ]i[tHHOOTH icy^ccsoro tpjae. Ooo- 
6eHH0 HeHopMaiBHUfl yoiOBifl rocnosoiBynrB lenepB wb orpaojiaxi 
MexKoft npoMKmAeHHooTH, BHb oiBeflHOirB npoHMOii, vb AOMamiet 
jOLjijoTpia. H np. IIo oKonaHii ^afipn^HOt pa6oTH[ pa6oTa seHn^iHu 
en^e He npeKpanuieTOfl: ee Mfjrb BeflKifl xoManxHifl 8a6oTH. OTODAa 
r-sa FpofijiHXi Tasse npaxoAHTi) ki TpetioBaHiD hoiobhhh oy66oT- 
Hflro AHH vh nojuisy seBn^HHX. Oaa HacraHBaerb eme onei^aiBHO 
Ha npHHiiiBD'l paBHofi njiaTU aa paBHull TpyA^ Myac^HHi h senmaHi. 
Bto Tpe6oBaHie BnepBHe 6iijiro nooTaBieHo vb AHepHsi h oi rtxi 
nopi npio6ptTaen aoe 6oj[Linyi) flonyjuipHooTB. BiBHcmeS oieneHH 

BaSHO H Heo6xOAHHO OXpaHHTB SeHH^HH'B Vb 0006eHH0 KpHTH^eOKie 

nepioAH hxi shbhh, bo BpoMii 6epeMeHHocTH, HioKOXBKO BpeiieHH ao 
H rocjA poAOBi. SaipaTii na TaKyn oxpany neBeJiHKH, a bhtoau 
OTb nefl A^fi oOn^eoraa h TooyAapcrsa HeHO^HOjraMBi... 

XIooAi cnoftottHaro pe^paia t-me Fpoftjuix'B na TpH6yHy Bomen 
OAHHi 6ej[BriftcKi& opaTop'B, eii^e opaaHHTeuHO moaoaoI ]i^ieja> xpn- 
oriaHOKH-ooipaiLHoft napxiH, a-P'b KapTovL-A^Biapi. Owb paapa- 
Bcaerofl ropn^eft ^HjiHiiiiBROfi h aaasjifleTii, ^nx) ooapeKeHHafl aROiuy- 
axaqifl seHosaro rpyAa ogtb BOoiDH^ee axo h OKeprHuS rp'bx'B npo- 
THBi senoKoft HaTypH. Jlfixe oaMaa jL&nuai $a6pHiHaa pa6oTa 
AOJiSHa 6uTb npHSHana rnGejiBHoft wa. aseHmHHi: ona paapymaerib 
nYb HepBH H aAopoBBO. HtoHniHHa AOJRRHa 6bitb MaTepBD, OHa 
A02SHa 6htb BoaBpan^eHa coMBi h AOtfamHevy xosHftoxBy. Ha axoiTB 
ooHOBaniH owb Tpe6yeTB noereneHHaro yAajieaifl sohdibh'b hb'b aoixi^ 
OTpaciet Kpynnofi npoHHnureHHOCTH h, rbMi oaHHVB^ yapasAHOHla 
HXl KOHEyppeHipH Cb Myac^HHaMH. 

* dTo npeA'oseHie 6ujio cHrHaxoifB s'b seorosot oxBaTRi. OAia 
aa APF^B BKcrynanrB senoxle meuu Ronrpecca h b(A oh'6 npoie- 
crysTB npoTEB'B jiHmeHui hxb npana Ha rpyA'B. Brb oofipaniH eiu- 
niHTCfl oHJiBHoe osHBieiie, sorAa npeaHAeHTB naaHBaerB hmh f-zh 
EpayHi. 9to ao^ npycoRaro renepaia ^ovB-Kpewepa, BnooitAOTBiH. 
oaMOOTBepseHHaa seaa noRoftnaro RajriRH-npo^coopa THSHURaro, a 
TeuepB c^aoTJiHBafl cynpyra peAaRTopa-HaAaTeJifl Archiv fcLr sodale 
Oosetzgebnsg and Statistik, A-p& lefiBpHxa Bpayna. ThxoS, Hi- 
oRojiBRo TopseoTBeHHoft HocTyiiBK) noAUMaoTOfl aia RpaoHBaa sen- 
H^Ha na TpH6yHy h 6e3i naeooa h secTHsyjuri^ft, ho oi 6oiBmot 
orqeTJiHBooTi)!) Ha^HBaerB soapasaTB KaproHB-AO-Biapy: cMu, sen* 

HIHHH, OTOflmifl Vb BepBUXl pffAaXl C0BpeM6HHaf0 ABHSeHIH, 

TaRse TpefiyevB aan^Tsr senoRaro TpyAa TaMi, vj^i ohb HBueTOH 
BpeAHHMib, HO mjTb Vb rojioBy ho npHxoAHTB TpefioaaiB coaepmeH- 
Haro ynpaBAHeHifl ipyAa senntHH'B. SCeHHtHHa, npeacAo Boero, ^lo- 
vbKb H BMioTB npaBO na oaMOOTOflTenHoerB. Hto6u 6iitb Mate- 
piaiBHo HesaBHCHMHMi, HeofixOABHo ooRpaoieBie pa6o^aro BpeneHH^ 
HO He aanpen^eBie pa6oTu Boofin^e. TpyA'B ocaoCosAaerB neioBtea h 
AyxoBHO... RaROBH 6UM 6u noci^bAOTBifl npeAioseHHaro r. AO-Biapoirb 

n 9. 0!q|£a% n. g 



114 ^yCGSOB BOFATCTBO. 

sanpenieHiji seHOsaro Tpy^a wh RpyaHiizi npoimoiaxi? Rwrto HKoe» 
xasi paci^iTB 6oiie JnheshEoli ^^oiiainHelt HH^Kjcrpii h npeBpan^eme 
ceHeftHaro o^ara, vb MacrepcKys... Sanpemeide seHOsaro xpyxa 6umo 
6h KpoMi Toro npeMiefi Ha EOHsyGnHaTB, oho oiysHio 6ii au mho- 
rsxB padoncB npeaffroTBiein» Kb xeHHiLfii; oho 6hjio 6ii Rhsbe 
npeiiieft na pasBpairb, Ha iipoeTHTyipi>...> 

AscTpificKafl ',6apoHecoa ^oreusaHTb, opeprnxi jAtb wdwmjBOA 

€*& HiOSODbSO HaAOpBaHHiOIH ^CUaMn, 0R0p6HTB TOITB, ^CTO TUUUK 

xaoca sennpiH'B oropBana on oombh h 6pomeHa vb boaobopotl oo- 
BpeHOHHOft sanHiaiHOTH^eoKoft ropauH. Onib Tpedyen npeHMyn^e* 
oTBOHHoft oxpaHu soHOHaTo Tpy^a, Tasi KaK'B soHD^HHa no npnpoA^ 
eiatiie MysuHH. Eotb, roBopnrb ona, Houn^nrejiBHiui seHOKia na- 
TypH, onooo6HHH Ha oBepx^exoBi^eoRifl ycHJda. 3a npHvipoirB ho- 
^ero fiuBEO xoahtb: bto Kxapa Q^erKHH^l... 

dro HO 6ujL0 npeyBOiH^eHieirb oo oropoHii 6apoH600£i. Kxapa 
H&TRESh pexaBTHpyeTB b^b HaoTOJiii](ee BpoMH vb DlTyTraprfc soh- 
osyD raaoTy cDie Gleichheit» h HBifleToa caMOft BUAann^efioH npex* 
craBHTejDbHHi^eft coBpeiceHHaro senoKaro ABHsemA. Ei TonepL jtIti 35, 
H oHa npomjia ipyAHyD, noinyn mnemS xhshh. Tiirb, ^to oHa 
60TB TonepB, OHa oA^JiaiacB fiiaroAaps oBoeicy aUotbhtoibho cBopx- 
^ejioBtTOCKOMy npHiesaHii). 

*^ Ohi^ 6ia9L nepBOHa^ajouio inseeft. HeyroMOHHan sasAa SHaniii w 
odpasoBaHifl ne ooraBuaa ee bi noKoi Ao lixi nopi, noKyAa ona 
HO OKOHHia QTb CBOoft pa6oTH cyMvy, HeoOxoAHMyD A^fl nocTyoie- 
HiH Vb yqHiejUMKit ceMHHapib. no BHAepsaHiH aKsaiceHa ona oA^Jia- 
laoB HapoAHofi y^HTOJEBHHi^ett. Bi Ha^art 80-xi toaobb ona Buiua 
BaMyxi sa H^enuiHa, cb kotophitb nepecejEHJiacB bb IlapHSB. Bcsopi 
es HysB safioiliB h yMep'b ^epesi Asa roAS nooii senniBfiBi. Boft 
8a6oTBi no yxoA'6 sa eojiBHiurB HyseMi h AByna MauiMH AiiBicH Jie- 
xajiH 6peii6He]rB Ha MOJioAot senn^HHi, Koropas a^hb h hou pa6o- 
Taia, ^ETo6u noAAopsaTB ceMBK>. Uooxb cMopTH vyaEa ona enie Hi- 
xoTopoe BpeMfl SHJia wb IlapHxi, saHHiiafleB iHTeparypHoft pa6oTofl, 
sariorB BopnyjiacB vb TepiiaHiD h, HaKOKeA'B, nocoJouaoB bi nXTyr- 
raprt. Kjiapa II,6tshhb Bnojoi oaMoyva. £s npeBooxoAHiia BHaniH 
HtMoqEaro, ^pani^ysoKaro h aHriiftcjKaro HdHRonb cAiiaui ee nesa- 
I MiHHMoft nepoBOAUi^ell na KOHipeccaxB. Es opaiopcKifl ciiooo6hoqtii 

HeotiuKHOBOHHH. KoFAa ona Ha uHoroJiDAHKX'B coBpaHiflXB HavHerB 
I OBOD fA^b ciOBaHH: GenossinenundGtonosseQl — ^h ?acB-ABa oi inm- 

i HOMB roBopHTB Vb caHOMB BopxHOMi porHCTpi, 6e8B nepeASHiKn, 

teSB BOflKHXB SailiTOKl BB pyKi» HO CB KaCOOD I^H^pB H $aKTH- 

; neosaro MaTepiaJia,— TorAa, oiymaa ee, bh ho mosoto ne CKasaiB 

Bxtcrt OB GapoHocooB: a^* bto HOExnuTexBHoe tfaxemel 

H HO Mory 8a6uTB sa^ob spoTsyx) h Aofipyn ne^aja»HHi^ ciieHB- 
met oeorpHi, oynpyry <TafiHaro oanaTapnaro coB'i^THHKa> r-acy 
MapiD IDtphtb; HioEOiBBo EOMHHecsyi) ^nrypy M-me Bonnevial, ne- 
MHoro sai^BlTmyi) ^pani^seHBy, ho ^paai^yseHsy bo ^ro 6u to kk 






HA SfNBSrb KOHTPBCGArB. IIS 

'^laxo. JI ynoMflHy HaB0H6in» ojumnifioKi ohokoIshxi, rpaiposHuxK 
« jpaB&oBimeHBHXi aHrjra^aHOKi, b hu saBepmy raiJiepei) seH*- 
lojnrb ROHrpeooa... 

Pe80Ja>I^H, npiojiTua soHrpeccoiTB no Bonpooy o memKOWb rpjjilky 
rjiacan ojiiATD^Hirb o6pa80]rb: 

1) RoHrpeccL TpeCyeTi miposot h paiposaiBHOfi sanprrH B&kL% 
JUD^ seHouro noia, BSMxrurb wb KpynHoft h Meiisot HHKyorpifl, bi 
ToproBii, wb ipaHenopTHon ji^ h vb AOMamHefi npomunxeKHooTif. 

2) KaK'B ocHOBaHie oroft dan^HTEi soHrpecors Tpe6ydn MasoHMasb- 
>Haro pa6ouro aha bi 8 ^acoBi h 44 ^aoa pa6<mi vh sej^ino. Pa- 
<SoHee BpeHfl aojisho bi cy66oTy bi 12 9. au npeKpan^aTBoa, ^o6ii 
oOesneiHTL semitHHam, no KpaHHoft nipb, 42 qaooByi) nayay fiesape- 
j>HBBaro OTAUxa jto noHOAtiBHERa. 

3) KoHrpeoci xpeGyerb orporaro sanpeiE^eEifl o6H^aa, bj> esiy xo- 
Toparo pafioTHHi^airB h oijsan^irB seHOxaro nou AaeToa em^e pa6om 
fla AOMi. 

4) ^0 pOJ^OBlk pOSeHHI^H He AOISHH 6hTB SaHHTEI Bl $a6pKHH0- 

•^aBOACKHXx npoKHCJuax'B B^b le^oHie boo&hh uejx/ksb; nooxi poAOBib — 

HO MOHie 6 HBAtJCb. 

5) Boi saKOHK H nooraHOBJieHk, craBamie ceiBOKO-xoBHtoTBenHHi^ 

pafiOTHBI^ (H pa60THHR0Bl) B% HCUDUTenHOe HOXOXOHie cpaBiH- 

TOAHo cb Apynms KaTeropiflmr TpyAan^HXoa (yorapiiHO yciaBu a 
JV)MBsnMei^ npHcxyri, saapen^eHie npasa ct^epeftHOBi h ooOpaml), aoixhh 
^(SiiTb ynpaaAHOHH h BicicTo hhxi^ HSAanii saKOHHt oooTBiTOTBeHHO Ha*- 
eToflHUDrL pesoiDi^ui. 

6) HoxoAH H8i Toro coo6pas6Eifl, tto orpaHHWHie xovam- 
Heft EHAycrpii bo boAxi oh ^opxaxi BirreKaen Bffb noipetf- 
Hoorefi HapoAHot nirieHu h npo^^ecoioEajiBHoft opraHHsai^H ipyAa- 
jqixca, KOHrpeon Biipasaen seiaHie, htoSh aron nysKTb, vh cbsbh 
-orb BonpoooiTB o pafiouxi ssimitaxi, 6ujrh nocTaBieai^ Ha o^epexb 
>A^6jra cjilAyD^aro KOHrpecoa bi HHrepecaxi 6oiie BoeeiopoHKiiro o6- 
KsjameHifl. 

7) KoHrpeocb BHosasiiBaercui sa paBHyn sapateTHyn niaxy mem- 
JKEHaMi npn paBHom ipyAfc h BMiHaerB vb otiasaHHoerb Aoxenmai 
BOBAiitoTBOBaTb vb vtowb OMHtuA Ha o6n^eoTBeHHoe mrbHie h na sa- 
soHOAaieneTBO. 

Mni saib, ^rro o ^eBBH^aflHO ooAopsaTeibHOirb xoua^ iBBft- 
cnaro nnieHHCTa iipo$. dpzovaHa a BanysAevb ynoiUHyiB vb Ta- 
Eot xe oxaioft $opMi. noTreHHHfi y^eHHft roBopmrb o Honoirb Tpyxft 
H TpyAi BO BpeAHuxi Au SAopoBba iipoMUOiax'b. Jlanib vb 70-rb 
roAaxib Cbtjio noioacoHo aaiaxo orpaaa^eHiD Honoro ipyAa. noA> 
saniHTy 6ua noojiiAOBaTeibHo nooiaBxeHH AfciH, seaH^aaH h aapoo- 
aH6 MysHHaH. B'b ofin^ea'b saaoaoAaTejobCTBa bi BToirb oraomeHia 
pasjHHHH a aoAOCTaTO'iao noaaH; Bspoonie aysqaau oxpaaamtta 
oTb HOHHoft pa6oTH HosyAa vb oahoB nXeefiiuipia. Bospaon noApoor- 
^soBi, AonycEaoMHX'b Kb ao^aott pa6oTi, vb fioxbmaHOTBl orpaKb en«fr 

8« 



116 PyCCSOB BOrATCVBO. 

o^eHB HflSRit, otinxHOBeHHO 16 xin. Ci nirieHH^eoRofi to^kh spimir 
HO^HaJi pa6oTa Aoisna 6htb npHaeaHS speAHoft axa soirb e sasA^^ror 
oia paspymaerb HepBHyD oncreiiy, BiisuBaerL nooroiiHHjK) joraiooTB, 
pasApasHTeiBHOCTB, noBpesA^Hie opraHOBi luni^eBapeHia h np. 

IIpo$. dpHOMavB noiaraen, qio Honaa pa6oTa, t. e. pa6oTa uemjkj 
8 ^. Be^epa h 6 ^. yxpa jhojooba 6utb Boonpen^esa ajh pa6o«iHxs 
BOSRaro BospaoTa h nojia. HoRjin^eHifl Moryn 6£itb jj^Beuu Tonno^ 
Aifl BspoGXim MysHHHx H TOjiLKO AJiE rtxi OTpaoxoft npoMHiiueH- 
HOOTH, ROTopHu, no texHH^eoKHM'L npHTOHaHi, saBHoarB on 5e8npe- 
piXBHaro npoi^eooa npoHdBoACTBa h aojuchh Ciitb tohho o6o8Ha?eHEi^ 
m Basoiii. Csepx^aooBafl pa6oTa He AOiansa 6htb ^osBOJieHa A^^nmiy 
noxpooTKaiTb o6oero noia sMViQ 18 liTB, a Taxse h seHn^BHax'B. 
^jifl Bspociux'B Mys^HHib OHa Bi BHA^ HCKjnoqeHifl AonycTHMa, ho* 
Tasafl patioTa ho jsfamnt^ pacnpooTpamTBCH sa rk laoH, KOTopue no^ 
sasoHy npHHaxJiasaTB Kb HouoMy BpeiieHH. B'l bha* Hcsjuo^eHifl 
npexoAflniee yAUHeHie pa6o?aro BpeiieHH AonycsaeTOfl, sorAa AaHHoe^ 
npeAnpiflTie noABeprjuooB xaKEirb HH6yAB oco6eHHinrB neoiiacTHiiu'B 
oxy^aftHOCTflMi, npH^HHHBniHHii xo3flHHy 6oj[inilfl noTepH. Bi lix'B' 
orpaourB npoHHmxeHHOCTH, kotophh no cBoefi npHpoAi ^yHsi^ioHH- 
pyDTB desnpepuBHO, jifijnaai 6utb yciaHOBJieHu Tpa ohIhh, a am 
BOCKpeoesBH AoxsHa Ciitb ocofiafl pesepBHaa oniHa. 

nepexoAH K'B TpyAy bi onaoHiix'B axh saopobbh npoHHciaxB, npo$. 
dpHOMani oTMi^aerB, rjiaBHSw^ o6pa80M'B, upoMuojiBi, cBHsaHHHe (tb 
ofipasoBaBiflHH oco6eHHo BpeAHot iihxh, paspymaton^et AUxaiexB- 
HHe opraHir. B&krb BpeAHie HeTajTraqecsaa mixB, neHie BpoAHa 
niub orb SHBOTHUxi H paoTHTexBHsxi npoAysTOBi. OraTHOTHRa no- 
sasuBaen nopaBRTeiBHyx) cHepTHOcTB MCSAyi xaRi HasHBaeMuvH, 
murBHHKB pa6o<[HMH (Staubarbeiter), mn oysAona ahdib RpaTxaa pa- 
6o?afl nopa, ofiHRHOBeRHO ohh aoxto XBopaK)TB h yMHpaDrb otb ^a* 
XOTRH. En^e xyse yuoTB patto^raxi b'b t&xi npoMHOjraxi, xoTopHe 
BUAiiflDTb HAOBHTHe Fassi: pryTHse, ^oc^opHqeoxie. Bi HaoTomii^ee 
BpeMH, Kh oTacTBX), oepe6po Boe 6oxie npHxoAHrB Ha cHiny pryTH 
B'B sepRaxBHOH'B HpoHSBOAOTBi. UpHHiHeHie se $oc$opa Boe en^e 
A&iaeTCfl Bi ysacnHXi pasMipaxi h radenKiiMi o6pa30Hi> otsh- 
BaexoH ooo6eHHo na patio^Hxi, eaHHTHx'B iipohbboactbohb otpHiix^ 
onsmeKh. 

Hpo^eccopi npHXOAHTL vh eiAjiijv^viEurb TesHoairB, npHHaiuH's 
xoHrpeoooM'B: 

1) PasplmeHie BJiaoreft na OTxpHTie onaoHiix'B axh saopobbh npo- 
wiexoB'L AOXSHO nooiiAOBaTB JinmB TorAa, ecu npniuiTU Bei saso- 
HOMi npeAHHoaHHUfl Mtpu jifiE yoTpaHenifl BpoARHXib CTopovB TaxHxi 
HpoHHOxoBx. Bti ooo6eHHooTH HaAiesHiTB Tpe6oBaTB, ^o6ii Bce yoTpoft- 
CTBo npeAnpiflTifl naoROXBRO bobmosho npeHflTCTBOBaxo npoHHRHOBe- 
Hii> BpeABKxi exeHeHTOBi vb pa6oqee HOMin^eHie. 

2) AiTH, noApooTRH Hoxose 18 An h senn^Hu ne aoxshh ao^ 



HI JLVtBMX'b KOHrPEGGAXi. 117 

ojcKaTBOfl iLTy pftfiori vb onacHurb aia SAopoBBfl npoMUGiu'L h nfs 
)ropaux% pjAHHKaxi. 9to Boonpen^eiie aojixso fiiiTb'atfooJiDTHHirb. 

3) B'bonaoHux'B j^na SAopoBui npomiojiaxi AOHHoe pa6oHee Bpeiia 
jiflJooLO 6urb joraHOBieHO HHse saKOHoirb onpextJieiaiaro MasoHvasb- 
Haro pa6o^aro ahii, npnen coKpameHie pafio^aro BpeiceHH xoxxho 
^oo6pa30B8TBGi[ 00 oToneHiK) onaoiocifl a-ui SAopOBUi xaHsaro npo* 
Kiicjia, a pa6o^e6 Bpeiui hh vb KasoirB oiy^ai He aojdbho opeBiiinan 

^ ^aCOffb Bl A6Hb. 

4) Bi onaoHux'B ais SAopoBBs npoMHciaxii HaAiesHn jcraHo- 
BHTB nepioAneoKoe Bpa^etinoe HsturbAOBaHie oocToaHifl SAopOBBa pa- 

<S09BX1>. 

5) 3a noBpeaweHie SAopoBBfl h sh8hh» iipoHCTeKaDii](ee oTBsau* 
Tift Bi onaoHiixi au saopobba nponaoiax'B, oTBiTCTBeHsoorB JiesBrB 
Ha npeAiipHHHifaTeycfc. 

6) npH qpesBUTOfiHofi onaoHooTH HSBiciHOi OTpacn npoMuoueH- 
aooTH npHMiHOHie Bp^aofi iiaTepiH aojkvho 6htb coBepmeHso boo- 
npen^OHO. 

Mai ocTaoTCfl en^e ynoifaHjTB xpaxKo o HOOjrfcAKH^^'B njHRTaxi 
4Qporpa]afH ]](iDpHXOKaro KOHrpeooa: 1) o opoAOTBaxi h nytux'B kb ooy- 
meoTBieniD KesAynapoAHoS aan^Hni TpyAa, h 2) o icesAyHapoAaoirB 
<3K)po TpyAa. Hto KacaercH nepnaro nynBTa, to pin Moserb Hxn 

..JUUHB O&b yOTHOlTB H HHCBMeHHOITB paOnpOOTpaHeHlH, BJllHHiH Ha 

aaxoHOAaiezBCTBO, o nponaraH^rb ysasaHHUxi TpeteBaHift bo Bpexa 
BH6opoBi H T. n. MesAyaapoAHoe dnpo 6yAerB, no much ROHrpeooa, 
jipesAOHO TOTqaci, saici odesneioHO 6yAeTB conyBOTBie, ho RpaftHei 
Mip^ Tpexi eBponeftcKHXB rocyAapcTBi. 9to 6K)po 6yAerB opoAoro- 
'^eiTB Aia BoiTB pafioTB (coCpanie MaTepiaia, opaBHSTCJiBHaa o6pa- 
<k)TKa ero, ooi^ajiBHo-noJiHTHqecKafl oraTHorHsa h np.), OTHOCfln^Hxea 
n o6xacTH MesAyHapoAsoft sa&iHTEi TpyAa. Ha 6k>po 6yAerB Tassa 
JiesaTB cosuB'B KOHipeccoBi H oT^ieTiooTB xoA^ pa6o^ro saROHOAa- 
TOXBCTBa. MioTOHaxosAOHieiTB (SDpo 6yA0TB BpDocen Hia D^npHXi* 
KoHrpecoi wh saiuiDqeRie obohxi paOorB Bupaaaerb 6xaroAap- 
HOCTB mBeSi^apcKOMy npaBHTOiiBCTBy sa ero HeoAHOspaTHsa ycHJdJi 
<Bi B086;sA6BiH MesAynapoAHHX'B neperoBopOBi no sa^HTft TpyAa s 
npocHTB ero b'b HaoToan(ift 6jiaroapiflTHuft moMohtb cHOBa boSth vb 
TaBie neperoBopH ci eBponeficRHKH npaBHTeiBOTBaiiH. 



Oahhi H31 paBBHROBi, 6HBmHX'B Ha 6a8exB0RoirB ROHipeooi oio- 
8HQT0BI, (iyAy^H nopaseFB aHrysiasMOMB cotfpaHk, BooRURHyn: cm 
HUDnnsoiTB yMaxfliH hhtohohbhootb oIohhotoroI Hxen, mh HMtiH ne* 
gKOcraTonoe npeAoraBieHie o paBiiipaxi cioHiOTCRaro ABHsemfll..* 

npHSHRDCB, fl HMiJI'B 06b 8T0TB ABHSeoiH, 6HTB MOSerB, O^e HOHB 

mee npeAOTasieHie, ^iu^h HayKxeHHsft paBBHHB. B'b BHAy Broro h ■ 
jioixajTB H8i iJ^DpHxa Vb BaseiB. 

Bnpo^eiTB, emfi aa HftcsoiBRo uimufivb ao OasexBORaro Ronrpeooa^ 



118 nrccKOB bofatctbo. 

jioe BHEnaiie 6HJ10 npiBJueneHo noieHBKoi, npoicxo;(HBmei wh h^ 
MeiiKOi neiaiE no boboat npeACTOflBmaro TorAa BOHrpeooa. IlepBo- 
la^aiBBO KOBrpeod npeAnoiarai'L oo6paTBCfl srb MnHxes'i, ho Hi^ 

MellKie paBBHHH, Sa HeMHOrHMH HOKJOO^eHlflHH, npOTHBHHRH CiOHlGT- 

esaro ABBseaifl h bcImh cpeACTfiaMH Himan KOHrpeccj co6paTB6ff 
aa repMaHOBOft hohbI. PascKaBiiBanrb, ^0 vb MDHxeHi cioHHCTamy 
me yxaiocB HatTH jvui KOHrpeooa hh oahopo npHuuaro noirliQeHifl. 
npHnriocB OBpeficKift BOHrpeccx co6paTB bx TaKoS ropoA'B, r^t novis^ 
Bribn espeoBi. 

Ha^aio ciOHHSMa oTHOoaorb qyxb a He k^b MOHeHry, Henocpe^- 
CTBOHHO oi^AOBaBHieHy sa paspynieBieM'B ijAeficKaro i^apcTBa. IIoTnr 
ABa THOflHefllTUi HO nepeoTaoTB Aei'bflTBOfl Ha^eiwa hb BoscTanoBxe- 
Hie HaiUoHaiBHOt oaHocroaTeiBHocTH, na BOBBpo^eHie espeeBi vh otii- 
TOBaHHuft Bpaft. diH ABB TUCflqejcbTifl espen npoBexH paaoteHHKMir 
cpeAH ijXRTb HapoAOBi, He na OBoet no?Bi. dro 6hxo Bpeicfl xe-^ 
erosHxi 6lA0TBift, npoTHBi KoropHxx rxyfoKaa Bipa bi Haoryiueiiie^ 
&ias6HHaro 6yA7I^a^o 6iua necoiiBtHHO otohb oHnBinrB npoTHBO- 
BicoMii. KoFAa vh KOHivi nponuaro BiKa h ocotieHHO bi 50-xi ro^ 
jUKL'b TeB}n](aro oroiiTUi Haqasa h'6csoibro cMflrqaTBoa yqacTB eBpeft-^ 
oroa ■ OAHO rooyAapcTBO aa ApyrBMi npoBiaiuipoBaio paBHonpaBsooTB 
Beirb HOHOB^AaBifty to TaroriBie OBpeeBi si ropi Ciony, KasaxooB^ 
HicKoxBEo Haiaxo ocxa6iBaTB. BospoAKiaoB HaAexx& hb B86aBxesie' 
X BHt naiecTiHH. 9if aHOHBai^la eBpeoBi TpetfoBaxa hxi iioxHaro oxifl* 
lifl, aociMHjMiUH 01 ooraxBHUMi HaoeieBiem. dto TpeSoBanie hbxo* 
xuo 00 cTopoHH eBpetcTBa noxEoe yAOBxerBopeHie, h vl vtowh xo« 
Bom xosyHii; aocHnxai^! yoMaTpHBaxocB saKii 6h Ha^aio HOBot 
apH, KorAa Boi xdah oTanyrb 6paTBB, h ho 6yAeTB he bxxhhobi hbt 
lyAoeBX. Ho ho aoxfo npoAoxsaxocB aio xiEOBaHie. Ha apoHt o6mfi^ 
eiBeHHoi XH8HH BosasaxooB orpamHoe lyAOBHme: aiTHceiuTHBirB. 
Bh npoi^ecci acoHMHXflitifl He toxbbo HaorynHCb 6oxte xeAxeEHHt- 
"temm, ho bmIoto npesBHro xosyHra pasAaxoH co morHTB oropoHi 
xoBut napoiB: nooxiAOBaiexBHafl, HeyxocHBTexBHafl npHBepsoHHOon^ 
XB OBpetoxoi HBi^oxaxBHOOTX, BOBOTaxoBxexie oraparo lyAeftoKaro xa- 
qioxaxBxaro rooyAapcTBa. 

HepBoxa^axBxo en^e xaxo saxtixoe ABXzexie xa^axo paspo- 
eraiBCx oco6eKXO vb SO-xi roAaxi. Ha^axx ^^opxxpoBaTBOX 000611a 
oioxxcTORie xpyaBxx, xameAinie xHrepaTypxyx) ^opxyxxpoBxy oboxx'b 
eipexxexift bb xaBtoxoi 6poiiiDpi OAeoosaro Bpaqa Hnxoxepa <Auto- 
Emancipation>. Tixi Bpexexexib AAAHifiinlx oyAB6u eBpeftctBa b^ 
pasxxHXUXi crpaxaxi caoco6xH 6i3xk xhhib HOAorpiaaTB bi wdWh 
ODTHXxoTxvecBia OBxnaiix naxeorxxoTBa. Aooraiouo ynoxflxyrB xsy- 
xipcTBO mTesKepoBOKot nponaraxAu x noox^AOBaBniaro sa rfciTB axrx- 
oexHTpieoxaro aBaxiDpxsxa AxBBapATOBB, JDi6epxaffb-4^ox%-3oxxex« 
Heprovb wb repxaHix, a>^o xeoxuxaxxnx axTHcexxTxiecxix opiix 
wk Bbxt, HOAB opeABOAHTexLCTBOH'B ex ropoAOBoro roxoBU Jlyxrepa^ 
ipoCu noxxTB, ^To X y taxxxi 6xaronoxy^xHxi» aapaxxxTOBi, xaxii. 



HA nTEHXl KOHTPBGCArB. 119 

pewKTop'B BiHcxoi <Neue Freie Presse* ]irV^ Teojopi Tepi^iB i 
BSBicTHHft aBTopii tllapaAORcoBii Masoi Hopjitay, xomyxo lepniHie 
H saroplxooB xeiSHie onaoTHCB bi erpaHy XaHaasa. 

'^TaToifliTL f Pyoosaro BoraTOTBa» HSBioiHo ssi OAHoro aBorpii-* 
oxaro HHOBMa r. BaoraeBOKaro ooAepxanie HaffixaBmeft HHoro myvy 
KHH2KBH A-pa Fopi^fl ^DOT Judeiistaat». dra xHUCKa nOHBuaoB btb 
oavnft pasrapi aBcipifioKaro aHTHoeHHTHaxa h 6Hxa oo oropom 
eBpeeBi BCTpi^qtena cb HeoKpHBaevHin Booroproifx. Bi TpyAHyx) ro- 
AHHy noMpa^eHifl juovh TaiaHTJiHBiift aBTopB njwin Ha6pooaTB 
xapr^Hy rpasAioBHoi nepcneBTHBii: BoxoHiraaiqfl IlajiecTHHH eBpeun 

TiVh CTpaS'B, Vb ROTOpHX'B OHH UO ClJWfiVrBJDmsafh SaKOHaiTB HO 

MoryrB aecnmnpofiaTBoa c% npo^HiTB Haoejuememb, jsfjtie ooHOBaKie 
onsepeHHaro eBpeftcKaro roeyAapcTBa hoai nporeKTopaToirB Typi](iK. 
^HaHcoBan oTopoHa Bcero aroro npeAnpiHTiA 6iua BH^oxoHa ao 
noextAHHX'B Aeiaiet; 

JSfiMMmie^ BUSBaHHoe rpaBAiosHHiTB npoeKTOirb a-P^ Tepifis, 

BOTpiTHJIO BOKOpt OFABHyD OnDOBHipX) 00 CTOpOHH eBpetOKOft Sypxy- 

adiH siMei^KBxi oTpaHi h ea at^obhhxi BosAei— Bil[e^KHX^ paB- 
BBHOBi. droi 6ypsya8iH sHBerca npHBOiBHo cpeAH Boixi Hai^it, a 
efl paBBiHH nponoB'^Ajni^ ^ aMBosa, ^to HirB eBpeioKoS naiUi. 
B'b BTHX'B 6X011X1 oBacaiHOB, VTO cioHiCTOKoe ABHseiie OHOBa pa»- 
AyeTB nxaMfl aHTHceHBTHTHSHa H saBHOTH H yxyAniHTB noxosoHle 
OBpeeB'B AasRO tbht, fa^^, xbei bo ^paii^v, Abtxih, HiaiiH h Amo- 
piKi^, eBpeflMi SHBOToa hoboAho. Consi HiMei(KHx^ paBBHBOBi ony6- 
xBKOBax'B Mlcfli^a 2—3 Tony HasaA^ npoieoTB npoTHBi ciOHHorosaro 
ABBxoHifl, yKasHBBfl Ha TO, ^To ero orpeiixeHia ooHonaTB bi Ilaie- 
CTHHi Ha^ioHaxBHoe iyAoSoKoe rooyAapcTBO npoTHBopfiwTB MOooiaH- 
CEHMi saBtTam iyxetcTBa. drn saBiTH saxosenH Vb obhh^ohhhx'b 
XHBrax'B, npeAnHOHBannpixi nooxiAOBaTexairB iyAetcTBa 6iiTB nper 

AaHHHJIH TOMy OTO^eCTBy, EOTOpOMy OHH npHHaAXesaTB, HBCi^MH OH-v 

xaxH ooAiflcTBOBaTB ero naqioHaiBHiinrB HHiepecaMi. Ob othmh o6m- 
aaTexBOTBaMH ne BaxoAflTca ao hh b'b ebbomi npoTEBopi^H rt orpeM* 
xeniH, BOTopHfl HanpaBxesH Kb EOxoHHsa^iH IlaxeoTHHH eBpeftoEUH 
xxi6onaniAaxH, HOsaBHOBMo otb bobebxi nxaHovB HaipoHaiBHaro 
roeyAapexBa. 

CioHieiH He ootsxhcb vb ppjnj h otb^thxh paBBHHam: aro He 
BipHO, iTo oiOBHOTOEiH cTpeMxenifl npoTRBopiqaTB MecdaHCEHm aa- 
BiTBM'B; TBEot aBTopHTOTB, BaEi pa66H KaxHmepi, AOEasHBaen 
HpoTBBHoe. C'b y^eHiflMH iyAeAersa oiOHHOTOEifl oTpenxeHiH ne wA- 
Wb HH^ero ofin^aro; ohh, npexA® Boero, HanpaBxenu Ha yorpaneHie 
HeHopMaxBHaro noxoxeBifl OBpeioTBa. CIohhoth OTBeprann A^Ae n 
BOSMyn^oHieHi ynpeni paBBHHOBi, cAtxanHHS hoa'b npHEpiirieicB ooo- 
6eHBaro BaipioTHSMa, ^to eiOHHorcEoe ABHacenie npeiiflTOTByen 6yxT0^ 
6ii ero oTopoHHBEairB hoooxhbtb s&k rooyAapcTBeHHHfl h rpasxu- 
cBifl HOBnftooTH. CioHHOTH, HBEOHei^, TBEso 6epyTB uoA^ CBOX) aa- 



120 P70GK0B BOrATGTBO. 

JBJTFJ KOJioHHsaqin IlaieoTHHSE, xota ho oToseoTBjnEnT'b n dtuwh 
oeHOBHEtn CBOHrB orpeueflit. 

Ha ooGTOflBmefiofl vb uorb axoro rofta Eos^epeHnlH csiicei^KHrE 
oioHHOTOBi» 6ajio nooraHOBieso oprasHSOBaTBOfl bi o6nteoTBO h JipH- 
HflTB yvaetie vh cmpoBoirb soHrpeooi* vb Basert. 

Bi npooTopHoiTb saii 6a3ai&oKaro KasoBO a HamejTB co6paHie 
qexoBftn 6oiie abjxi ootb, flBmnaxGa xeJieraTaicH on oiomoT- 
eKOTB opraHHsai^Ul, eBpeftouTB o6mfiWb Boixi uoreft cBi^Ta ao oa- 
Moft naiecTHHH BKU)?flTenHO. Sffiob 6hxo h hhofo rooreS ofioero 
noxa, oTjAeH^eoBoft uoxoAen. Eoxh 6h He hIokoibso TaiiiyAHiecKExi 
^HTypi Bi A^EHHHxi HaHTiflrb H GpuojiuTh Ha FOxoBi, TO Ha' nep- 
BHt BsrxHAB TP7AH0 6hxo 6u jipeAiroxoxBTB, ^TO 8T0 OBpeftosil KOS- 
rpeooi, TTO 8T0 KOHrpeocB BOo6ii^e. Boxbidhhotbo qxoHOBi KOHrpeooa 
<iiixo BO ^paKaxi h 6ixHrB raxoryKaii, o% meoTf hih boouuso- 
He^suMH xeHTO^OQiMH sHa^qKaMH Vb neTXH^axi, soiopHe aoxshh 6iUH 
osHaqaTL repSi i^apa A&BBAa. Ha ipHfiyHt paoaoxosHXHOb b^ pH^b 

^eXOBtKl JSfieSLTb qXOHOBl KOMHTOra, CpOAH KOTOpiIX^ MOSHO 611x0 BH- 

AiTb H jSfijTb pyooRo-oBpeficKHXi ffb&Texet cb xpynHUMn HHJi^eHep- 
OKHMH SHa^avH Ha rpjAH. SaMi'iy Tyrb-se, ^rro Ha xoHTpeooft co* 
BepmeHHo oToyroTBOBaxn rb qxoh eBpefiosaro Hapoxa, xoTopiie, xasa- 
xoob 6e[, npea^e Boero nysHS ji^b. ciOHHOTOxaro iipeAnpiflTiJi: oroyr- 
oTBOBaxH— -AOHexHafl oBpeficKafl apHoroxpaTia h eBpefioxii npoxera- 
pian. S^iob 6hxh no^xH HCKiDHHrexbHo npeAoraBHreiH opeAxaro 
Kxaooa oBpefioKoi HHTexxHreHAiH: Bpa^a, aABOxaTu, HHseHepH, hh- 
oaTexH, sypHaxHCTH h OTyAOHTH. HyOxHsa 6Hxa TasHirb o6paao]rb 
ncraa, eBponeioxH npooBin^OHHaa. Cano oo6oi> pasyiritoToa, "no 
cpeAH 8Toi ny6xHBH xasAKft, npexA6 Boero, Hcxan Ttob xaqb^ koto- 
piia TasHirb HenooTHwniuirb otfpaaoirb o^yraxHCb bo rxaBi oIohhot- 
cxaro ABHseaia: — A-poBi ^epI^a a HopAay. Hiia nooxiAuro xo- 
pomo Bcim asBicTBO. ?to sacaeToa a*PA Tepi^xa, to bto emfi mo- 
xoAoi ^exoBixi— xirb 35, xpaoHBHft tfpnaen, 01 Bsamaiani Muie- 
paMB. SI saai) aeirb loibKo, ^0 owb Hlosoxbao xirb 6un napax- 
CKHM'b xoppeonoHAeHToirb Biaosoft <N6ue Freie Pres8e> a Toaepb 
oooToarb OAaaai asi ea peAaxropoB'b. CBoa aa6xnA6Hia aaAib $paa- 
i(y3CBot sasabD a oBoa BneuTxftaia, oo6paaBHa vb syxyapaxi ^paa- 
iqrseKaro napxaaeaTa, owb asxoxax^ bi tixeoxan^e aanacaaaol xaark 
«Da8 Palais Bonrbon». Sarfcaii asBtoTao en^e, tto oai aoAaaao airbxi^ 
xa^ayx) ayAieau^ix) y Typeiputro oyxxaaa, asi xoropoft, o^obbabo, bh:- 
aeoi aisoTopoe noAKpinxeaie oaoaxb oioaacTCBHX'b axaaoBi. 

H o6otAy BorynBTexbayx) pi'iib A-p^ Fepi^xa a oxai^y aioaoxbao 
VHoxeS aa^ piu Maxea HopAay, roBopaBmaro ofo odn^eai aoxo- 
aceaia eapeeBi a 6iiBniaro rxaBaua^ repoeai Boero xoarpeoca. Eay 
B^poBTBO ae (Soibme 50 xirb, ao owb aeoboiA^, a ToxbBo aaA^aca- 
BHHB yaaMBB rxasaaa pane^Ho BHAbxax^xoa ryoTMa ^epaua 6poBa. 
CpeABaro poora ^arypa vb KopoTKBMi TyxoBameai, aa soropoaii ao- 
KOBToa fioxbmaa roxoaa. Kpynaiia, npaBaxbaaa oeaarffieoEia wpTH 



HA raTHHX'B ROHTPBGCAX'B. 121 

oiHita, c% TmaTexBHO pao^eoaaot. dopo^oft h yoami, ci Bueojsmrh 
ji6om,— B% oSmeiTB HHrepeoHaa, noABHSHafl, HMayiBOHBHafl nqaoorb. 
Offb fiesycioBHo oquthuS opaTopi»« ohi yaipeai bi npoHSBOAHMoiTB 
ero pl^n BneHaTjrbHiv, h aiapl^ AittcTBHTeJiBHO xaK0ro-To ooo6aro 
xapasiepa: luaciHuafl no $opiii, opHFHHanHaflno B0]c6iHan;iH uuejieA, 
(SesyojiOBHO pasouTaHHafl aa a^l^eBTi, ho, rfiiTL ho MOHie, npoHHs- 
Hyraa ae xpaiaouiMi, a THXHirb, saxBaTUBannunnb naeocoiTB; noiy- 
^aemB BHeuTjpfcHie xyAOxeoTBOHHoA rapiiOHiB EjifiA — xotii nojs,%affh h 
oapaAOEoaiLHurB. Bote ffbsoTopHfl hsi bbxi. 

IIoBCDAy, rj(i BorpiuemB eBpeea^, Borpi^aeniB h eapeAoRia HOBd- 
roAH, KOTopHfl eapeH HonuruBanTi ho ukb n)XH) a kbibi eapei. 
Hosao paan^aTb xaa poxa neBsroAi — naTopiajiBHiia h iiopanHHa. 
Bb BOOToiHOft Espoirb, Ha BOOiOKi H CHei^iaiBHo wh A^paai Y^* 
espeeffb HomiTHBaDTb My^HreJiBHHa aafiora o saBrpaniHeirB jpA s 
<SopB6y 8a xsbt'h Hacyo^ufl. B'b aanaAsot Eaponi i^apHTB xyxoBHaa, 
MopajnbHaa aysffa eBpeeai, npn^HHann^afl hhi exeAHOBHiia orop^a- 
Hifl HXi qyaoTsa qeoTH, Haiarann^aa Ha aaxi o6n^eoTBeHHiu[ iBmeaifl, 
BiiHyaqanniaa vrb b'b nHmeHuiH'B 6iarB xh8hh, KaBBxi h6 SHaerB 
HH oAHffB He OBpei. Ho Boerau eapet o^HxaeToa cb orpaHHHeHiflim 
irboTa XHTeiTBOTBa. Kto Moxep — ^haotb hb oiopoay, HOia OBiia h bo3- 
jiyxa Ha ^TsfiBfli; rto ae hoxotb yftiH— rH6HerB Mopanao h T&iecHO... 
CaMHe aecqaoTHBie eapen sHayrB wb MapoKKO. Ohh norepan Boa- 
Byx) onooo6HOOTB noxaaTBoa na BHomyx) crynoHB h tojibko Boipaxit- 
Banroa Torxa, Bor^a^epHB, y6aBaa.H rpa6a, BpuaaoToaBB axi reio* 

BjiasopyKie jhoah noiaraiH, vco ycTpaaeHie orpaHH'ieHii voxbtb 
Hci^^bJEHTB He^yrB; HoyxaBinieoa BKonepaifeHTH 8MaacHIIa^ia eapeeBi 
noKasaiH npoTHBaoe. Y sanaAHoeBponeftoKaro OBpea 6opB6a aa oy- 
n^eoTBOBaHie npHHajia, npaBAa, Oojite OMarqeaHHa (i)opMU. Ho TinB 
6ojrbe npaxoxHToa eicy 6opoTBca c% HOBsroAaMH HopaiBHiiMH. 7 aero 
«OTB xjiMb, ho ho eAHHUM'B xjiifioiTB xHBi ^oiOBtei; eay He aeerxa 
rpoaHTB paaiiHpeHHaa nepHB, ho ne otb OAHnxi nopaxeaift Tftia vore- 
KaeTB RpoBBD leioB^Bi. <Mh Bouon^aeMB ucryn ^eaoBt^aooiBf^ 
aaaajraDTB eapea. <Te6i HexooTaerB noaaija ^both, — raaovrB oratn 
HapoAOBi, He AOcraoTB HpaBoiBeHHOCTH, naTpioTH3Ma> mh Aoaxas 
HaxBTB Tetia OTOBonxy, faA Heo6xoAa]ni oth KaqecTBa»... Eorxa aa- 
poAH aMaacHOHpoBaam eapeeBi, to o6aaHiiBaji[HCB aao^erB oofioTBen- 
aniXB cBOHXi ^yaoTBi: aMaHOHnaqia 6iua jubtb peayxBiaToirB apa- 
MOiHHeftHaro ^paH^yacKaro paipoaaiHSHa 19 oTOJitTia, nociiAOisifl 
^Hiooo^iH aH]];HKJiioneAH0TOVB. Eapea, AOOEaTB, idab, noaTOvy oaa 
Aoixmi hhItb qexoBi^eoRia npaaa,— ae no BeitHin ^yBoiBB, a ho 
TpefoBaalH) aorHRH... A& npooTHToa mbA xecroRoe cioboI bocrih* 
qaeTB HopAay: jooah 1789 roAa, BHaacanHpoBaBniie hbob, cA'biaaH 
BTo Hal aa oiaoro nyoraro npHH)[(aiiiajrH8Ma (Principienreiterei)!.. AP7* 
ria crpaHH ortAOBaaH hitb ho aai BHyipeHHaro noOyxAeaia, a no- 
Toay, iTO npaai^BnH peBOAnqia paAoxi oi noiBTa^eoRoS obo6oaoA, 
eBo6oAoft neqaiH, conaoBi h co6paHitt cwaiH a 6Bo6oAy eapeeai 



122 T^PTCCKOB BOrATGTBO. 

Meo6xo;(H]niin> yrpexAeHieirB ooBpeneHHaro roojAapoTea, noAofino Toxy; 
Kasii vb (karoyorpoeHHOiTB xosfltoTBi Eufk&rea, n masHHo, xots 
HH ojsjswb BVb ueHOBi ;i;oHa ho jirten sa hbitb iirpaTB. O^Ha Astjeui 
npeActaBJUJia, wb dToncb OTHomeHiH HOKinqeHie. Tarb eicaHOflnaipfl 
BHTesaia, x'i^ftcTBHTejnbHo, h8*l qyBOTBa h 6iixa oasRixloHHpoBaHa sa- 
KOHOAaTeieiTB xoxroe BpeMA cnycrtt noort Toro, sasi na canoirB jijbxk 
yxe He 6hxo paanqifl MOXAy espeeirB h ho oBpeeiTB. 

EBpetcKie reTO 6Hn oqaramr, oie^ecTBOiCB efipeeB-B, rxi wrh 
cneii;H^H<iecKifl paooBUfl ooo6eHHocTH HaxoAUH ee6i nonji) oxpasy. 
3a noxBaJiaifH bbA foto otoaii^hxi se rHaiiCB, oiapaiHOB xhhik 
nOHpaBHTlCII GBOHirb fipaTBfllTB. TaRHHi ofipasoiTL, 6BpeH BexH vb reTO 
noiHji) »B8HB, osE 6uxH rapMOHH^eoRHMH HaTypanH. npHmxa 8HaH- 
OHnaiqfl. Espex) CRasan: th TenepB iioxHOnpaBB[uS rpasAaHHKb. 
TfiOeft poABHH. CpeAH XHROBanit HeAOBHxi Miofli^eBi aicaECHnai^ii om 
Haiai'b xoHaTL nosaw oefia Boi hoctu: lenepB owl HMierb xy^a. 
npETRHyTBOfl, eny Hesaqiirb 6oxte exHTBoa xi oboeki ootfpaiBairB. 

noGxi sepeAumxH bx 30 livb npopBaiaoB orapaji HBHaBHOTB xtb 
eBpeanT — asTHoeiiHTHBirb h pasodxaHEXB xoTHHEoe Boxoxeme Ben^eft. 
EBpeft eone voxerb noxaBaiB cboS roxoox Ha BuGopaxi, ho hsi ood- 
80B% H o6meoTB% ero 6oxie hxh HeB|e HeABycHMOxeHHinrB o6pa- 
BOiTb npooHTB yAaxBTBOfl. OffL HMieiff en^e npano Ha roxocoBaHie, 
HO ji,bjA% 8Toro nyTH eiiy aaxpuru. Camui rxaBHiia yoHxifl h safioTii 
ooBpeHeHxaro oBpea HanpaBxeHu x% saicaoRHpoBaHiK) cBoero hoaxbh- 
Haro oymeoTBa; ohi desnoKOHToa, ito b% Hem* ysnanrB oBpex. Kan 
Boe xoxHoe, tavL h bth yoHxifl 0TTaiRHBaK)TB CBoeft xoxbx). Jy^imie 
jDAH cTOHyn, KH^a Ht^ixenui h HsdaBxemfl. Bipy vb npHmeeTBia 
MeooiH OHH norepaxH. MHorie nn^yTB onaoeHia vb xpemeHiH, koto- 
poe, OAxaso, ne onaoaen on paooBaro aHTHceioTiBifa. Ooraerca 
XHHiB CBHTOTaTOTBeHHaa xoxB, (TL ROTopot nepeRpenieHB[H CTapaDTOS 
npoHHRHyTB wb xpHOTiaHORyD o6nuniy. 

CepBesHHe xdah yBipann, no eBpen otixaAanrB Boim (Jorar- 
CTBBMH Hipa H paonoxarax)TB pasHHicH TaHHOTBeHHuin OEian. dra 
Ta HaoMtmRa, Roropaa H^A^aeroa hba^ Bam, nooxt toro KAVb ho- 
HaBHCTB Hanecxa Bam pany. AHTHoeMHTH, oaepxi Toro, ynpexaDTi 
eBpeeai MaicoHOMi. MexAy riwb louxioHaiiH h MHXJdapAaHH o6xa- 
AaeTB HHTTOSHoe neHBrniHCTBo. <Hto o6maro y HspaHxa ci> droit 
Ry^Roi? lyAettcTBo npopoROBi, rxxxexa h Chhhobh, iyAOtoTBO Bepne 
H TefiHe HO BHaeTB arxn ToxorooyHOBi, Rotopiie iiyn to, no mh 

X6HaBflA>ll^ H H6HaBHAflTB, HO HH nHXl. Mh HCTeRaeiTb RpOBBI^ 

sa HHxi; eAXHOTBOHHoe, no ohh A^axm— bto mbxoothhh. Bi iyAefi- 
6Ron q^poTBt OHH 6h ctoixh Ha HooxiAHOKb xiort, a ne yxooroH- 
BaxHCB(iu TfcTB no^eciell, opaohobi h THiyxoBi, rotophhh htb. 
tenepB ocunax)n». 

,3 nepoAan, sohohho, SA^to nnib cxa6Hfl ROHonecrb Toro opa- 
lopoRaro RyHHiTDRa, ROTopHfi, no HHiHix) xoero BOoropxeHHaro oo-^ 
lAxa Ha ROHrpecoi, 6yAerB na^aioMii HOBoft apu bi oyAB6axi oBpet- 



HA JII&TflHX'B £0£rP£CCAXl>. 123 

esaro HapoAa. n8o6paseHiHfl MaKOOMii HopAay noBxojiorifl eBpeft- 
exaro leTO h TpareAia coBpeMOHHaro OBpea ho noMUOToa nepexart. 
^peaBinallHO CHMnaTHHsoe Bne^aTsbHie dpohsboahti Tperift Kpyn- 
XBft npeACTaBBTen oioBBcrcKaro ABHseHia, TaiaHTAHBuS ny6AHn[EcTE 
A-pB BBpHfiayMi— xapasiepHut TBirb HOJiOAoro OBpefiosaro yneBaro. 
£ro AoxJiBAi* o6ooHOBaBinifi ciOHHCTOxyx) nporpaiuiy, Obutb riyOoxo 

npOAyvaHBHMl, TOBKEITB ByUTypHO-^HIOOO^OKHlTB O^epEOH'B BBpefl- 

€TBa. Bfijui cA^aBU en^e AoxjiaAu o noxoxeBia eapeeaib bi oij^kMh" 
MBXh eipaHaxii, o cioHBCTcxoit opraHBsai^iH, o K0X0HH8aI^H, o ApoBBe- 
eBpeflcxoft iBTopaTypi h t. a. noApofiBaa nepeAana Boero aioro sa- 
Beia 6u MeBfl cibbixomi Aa^exo, h a orpaHxqyoB noaroiiy xhdib npa- 
BeAeHieMi Hlxoropuxi nocTaxoBxeflift xoBrpeoea. 

CioBBBMi cipeMBTCfl xi oosABBix) A'^ eBpeficxaro BapoAa otiesne- 
lexHoft vb ofimeoTBeBHO-BpaBOBOirL onflcri (dffeutlieh rechtlich) Tep- 
pxTopiH Ha no^Bl naxeoTBBH. JUfl aroil i(bxH cpeACTBaMH cxysan: 
1) i(iui6coo6pa8HaB KOJiOHHsaBjifl naieoTHHU eBpeficxBHH xxt6oiiain- 
JVMM, peMecxeHBHsaMH h npoMUHixeHHHBaMH, 2) ofoeAHBeBie Boera 
eBpeftoTBa, npx xoMonqi o6n](HX'B h m'j^otbux'b opraHHsaipfi, coofipasHo 
n saxoBaMX xasAoi aahhoA orpaxH, 3) yxpinxexie Bai^oHaxBHaro 
ooBHanifl enpeeBi, 4) noArOTOBHiexBHHe marH vb eogbtcfism oimrb 

mlXflirL CO OTOpOHH npaBXTeXBOTBl. 

CiOHBeroxaa opraHBsai^fl pacnaAaerofl ;Ba kohhooui, B^AuoiKbi: 
1) HBOxbAOBame OBpeioiBa; 2) xoxoHH8a^ioEHoe a^o; 3) opraHXsa- 
]^ nponaraHAH; 4) ne^TS x npeooy; 5) opraHHsaAii) HexAyHapOA- 
XiiXB xoHrpeoooBi. Cxepxi Toro, sabpocaxH HpoeKni cosABBifi xa- 
jpoxaxBBaro ^obab, y^exAeBix cnei(iax£Haro eBpefloxaro 6axKa« 
oexoBaBJH yHHBepGBTera vb IlaieoTBfli h np. 

CiOBHCTOxii xonrpecn n caicaro oBoero Ha^ajia h bi Teienie 
ipexi AHet CBOBXB sac^AaBift mowb xa BHOCni Heocxa6Baro xaii^o* 
HaxLEaro OAymeBxeHix. Haoxouxo sHSxexxa h ooyn^eoTBXKa xAea 
eioBxaxa, aro, xoxeuo, Apyroft Bonpooi>. Jljui aroro xeAOcraTOHKo 
OABBXi HOciaxoBxeBifl xoxrpecGa, ji^b, aioro, xaxB BHpasExox oahhs 
axTHcioBxci'E, BeofixoABHH spesAo Bcero espex h rooyAApoTBo. KaB^6H 
TO XX 6iixo, HO ecxx (SasexBcxifl KpxrpeooB xe 6iu% xxmB OAXot 
xoxHOl Tpeaorot, to cioxxcicxoe ABXsexie, cAixaBmxoB oepBes- 
BHiTb npeAxeroiCB ny6j[x«aro o6cysAexix, npxxo xxx xooaexxo Bxe- 
€erb fioxBme OBiTa x oxHBieBix bi rt oxox eapeioxaro xapoAa^ 
otieaxxieaie x A^iiopaixsai^ xoicpuxB MaxcB HopAay xaotfpaaxjn 
BB laxxx'B xpaoKopiixBHXi X apxixi* xpaexaxi. 

A. KospoBB. 



124 P7GGK0B BOrATCTBO. 



Via^ Ahtjiui. 
I. 

AerycrB Bastcireffb vh JLonovb boa's sosBanieMi «dull-8ea80n»^ 
(cByHHHft cesoBir). napxanesTi saspHBaeTCH, KOMOHepii jni6o nyTe^ 
mecTByDrb no HaTepasy, jifl6o crptearorB syponaTOB'b b'b IIIOTJiav- 
AiB, jib6o pavbtssaDTi bt^ eBOBX's co6cTBeHBm*& BXTazi. Bi ra- 
seTaxi Bi> BTO BpeHB MepTBHfl mTflUb. Uponaxaen BHTepeci xase 

%% cMOpCBOXy 8H%V)>, KOTOput BOTb yse POBHO CTO jftT^B, KBES 

aaxypaTHo bbsahB toxb noBBJiBeTCfl Ha eTox6i;axi aBriifiCBHXT* ra- 
sen BO BpeHB «dog-day8> . (vb Tionnfb injB). O^eBB^HO, BCABOMy 
OBOfl^y CBoe BpeMB. A uemjij Tin, bottb yse xobatb xivh, KaB& 
vb cavom paseajt <CBy^Haro ce80Ha» ooycTtBmift JIohxohi nne- 
saiiHO osBBjueTca, Bci^ACTBie npitsxa RpaflHe 6Boe6pa8HiirB noci- 
TBTOJiei. VLrb noxBOSjirb nojyHo^HEie noftsxa co BCivb bohi^obi 
Ahtjub. TyrB cTapBRB 6'&jiEiei bbbi jiyHb, h BpacHon^eaie, BxopoBiie 
napHB cb iBBpo^afiniflMH nie^aiifl h ynonoHpaHBTexbHoS BeianHH 
ByuBaMB; Tjrb x^ByniBH h pe(5iiTa-noxpocTRB. Bet paspaseHH no 
npasxBBqHoiiy; y XHorBzi bi pyRaxi 6yReTEr ab^tobi, y Bctxi na 
jBuaxi HaoBcaHO osHAaHle Hero to ohohb xopomaro. Bi xBa ^aca 
BO«y Rorxa wh o6iiHHoe BpeMfl no cohhhmi yiBaan rHraiTcaaro 
ropoxa 6poABn iamb oxHHORift 6e3xoiiHHft <tramp» (6poAHra) mn 
se «6o6b> (nomieflcRifl)i — sa TpoTyapaxi saiii^THo cubHoe osh- 
Bieaie. Toidh naocasapoBi, o rotophtb b TOJibso mto CRasajpB, 
exoABToa c% pasHiixi craHii^ifi, cjBBaDTca Birbcri, ofipaayDTi o^vy 
orpoMHyio SBByro aojiay, noxBBSHyx), kbri pTyTb, sasHepaxocTHyD, 
Kax% CTBH ataBopoHROBi. CMixiy BeoexHfl myTRH, o6piiBRB ntceHS 
ryxHTB B'b dOHHOM'b BOBjiyxt. OrpOHiaa, MaoroTuOfl^HaB TOJina 06x0- 
xan HOHbD Bcfc cRBepu, bcA riaBBHa yiBi^u, a Wb xeBHTb lacoBi 
yrpa sbbumi BacKaxoifb JibeTca no xicTBEofby Bexyn^et asi nox^e- 
MeibBOfl craHma Snow Hill; otcdab mmjsjsle xecjiTb MBHyTi ornpa- 
BXBBncB cnei^aibHue nots^a, ROTopae exea ycntaaDrb saSpatb 
HaccasapoBi. BeacoHnaa hohb hborojbro h6 yueHbinaM Beceiba. 
Bdb OTAtieBia aaroaovb OBTROirb naSBTu. Tavb, ni xomu ca* 
Xbrb mmb 8 ^eiOB'bR'b, noM%ni^ax>TOfl ABa^i^aTb. H bto en^e 6oj%e 
yaenqaBaer^ aecexbe. Bi aaroHaxi, bbri cepe6paHae roioro^wrv, 
BByqflTi x^TCRii cvbvb. Bon pasxaicfl rycroft pacRan zozotb, 
BOToput, no SHBonflCHOMy BupaseHiD Forou, nanoMBEaeri pcB^ 
Xayxi 6yraeB*b: to nayDrb napaa ci mapo^afimaMi nxe^aMR b 
yMonoiipaiaTeibHHMB RyjaaaMa. rxi-To sanaqaja wb aaroHi XTXaftf 
emfi H en^e. n^eRa irpaDn^axx naxyJiacb, rbri Boiaaaa, rxaaa 6ie* 



H81 AHTJaH. 125 

CTflTB. Ha BecB noiax'B pasiHBaiOTca jAUi^e, pasaaxopHeaDn^ie 
SByu <ASHra». 

— - Horn AepsHte! — He BUTepuixb oahhte h8% napseft. Bdb BCKa- 
KBBai)T% Ha CRaMbH, oqnmiafl ir60To, a noji* aaroHa xposht'b boa's 
yxapaMH noA6HTHX'b rpOMaxHUMH rBoaxsMi dafflnasoBi. 

— JI^flAV> Ansa cDAal — apHWTb secejae roioca. ^JifiM^tL Ahb'bi, 
Kasofi-HBtfyAB BecB 6&iuft cxapHBi, ihko xoTOparo Bce ciMTb ori 
yAOBOJtBGTBUi, oTHisBBaeTCflj KoHe^Ho, Bi OBoe BpeMH OHi Tanc^o- 
aajLi H TaHi^OBBJ'b xopomo; ho syAa se eMy Tenepb! — orroBapn- 
Baercii oe^b. Ho MoaOAesB npocHTB yfitAHxeiBHo. HasoHei^'B, ahah 
JifiK'h saflBueT'B, HTO OH^B He npoqB npODjuicaTB ASHr%; ho ihihb 
TorAa, KorAa TexyniBa Bphashti cTaHerB naapoTHBib. HanpacHO no- 
ojitAHHH HaHHHaex^ oTiiazHBaTBCfl pyBaHH h vl BBA'b nporecTa 
BHeprH^Ho sasyTHBaeTCJi vb sejieHyD BJitTqaTyD niajB. Mojioaosb 

DPOCHT^ TaS'B ytf^AHTeJTBHOl ^yAKH UBTBfiT'b npOHBHTeiBHie; MOTHBl 

craHOBHTCH eiii;e 6oiie sapasHTejEBHuicB, TeryniKa BpHASHn pacsiB^b- 
xaeTi BCfl} BaiCB totb Jiyn, no BOTOpoHy mHTCH TOnepB noftsA'B, h 
DJiaBHO BucTynaexi npoTHB<B ahai flfi^^^ xoTopHft ihxo BUCTysHBa- 
eri Ra6iyBaMH. Ho bot^b hb tfi'ibAHOM'B iohaohcroitb ve6t, Roropoo 
Bapfibe yAauo cpaBHHJ'B cb ihi^omi nosoftEHRa, noRpstHHi RHceOD, 
BacBepaaJui Rpama XpycTaiBHaro ^Bopi^a. DpitxajiH. 

Eto se 8TH Becejiue nociTBTexn? To ROOnepaTops c'B'bxajiHCB (yh 
paslHqHUZ'B ROHJ^OB'B AhfJUH Ha CBOft npasAHHR'B, ROTopsft BorB 
yse ACBflTB itT'B, RaR!B ycrpaBBaeTCH eaceroAHO bi XpycTajiBHOMrB 
^Bopi^t. n CB RasAUMi roAOM'B npiisA'B ace 6oj[Bnie h tfojtBme yae- 
j[H«iHBaeTOii. Bb 1887 r. co6paiocB jibhib 12 tkcb^'B qejiOB^Rif B'b 
npomioiTB roAy — 42 TiicaqB, a b-b btomi — dojiie 50 Tucsm. Bb 
orpoMHHxi sajaxi XpycrajiBHaro ABopiia, rA'i^ b-l o6mfloe apeiia 
no^TH wbrb hhrofOi ceroAHji myHHo h jdaho. KooHepaTopu ycrpouH 
cbod eseroAHyn BucxaBRy. KpyroHi co cbhctoh<b Bpani;aDTCfl ro- 
jieca ctbhrob'b, npHBOAHMUA b'b ABHseHie BjeRTpnecTBOirB, ciyqarB 
piiHarH, "nixo ryAflTi TRai^aie ctrhrb: — Bce bto BHCxaBjieHo paajiH?- 
HBMH ROo^epa^UM^. Boti bhtpbhr HaHqecTepcaaro RooaepaTHBHaro 
o6n(ecTBa neqaTHHRos'B. Sa^cb BiiCTaajieBfii naM4>JieTEr, 6poniDp£i h 
sypnajEi, neqaTaeMiie ROoaepaTopaMH. BoTi RHnrH, rotophh Hann* 
canH, OTneuTaHH, HUincTpHpoBaHH h nepenjeTenu yqacTHHRaxH 
pasjiHqHux'B Roonepai^ifi. PasBepHeM'B orpoMHuft toitb OTqexoBi 3a- 
cbAaHift ABBAi^aTB A^BBTaro Ronrpecca KoonepaTopoB'B (The% twenty 
ninth Annual Go-operative congress, 1897) h hh 235-oft cTpaHBi^'b 
BafiAeM'B pflA'B Ta6jiHi^'B, noRasuBaDntHX'B npoi^ecci ROonepaTHBoaro 
ABBSKeeifl Bi ABrjin aa nocjitAHlA tpbai^btb jAtl. Ecjkh crpynoH- 
pyeHi BTH is^jot^a, to nojiyqHMi cj['&AyK)niifl d^hiI^ph: 

VHCAO 1IRCJE0 npOACtHO BOJiytleHO 

To;^. o6ii^ecTB'B. co^JieH. RanHTairBi Boonep. iipr6hjui. 

1861 HeyKasaHO 48,1^4 333,290 $. CT. 1,512,117 *. 

1865 867 148,586 819,367 „ 3,373,847 „ 279,226 



126 P7CGK0B SOrATCTBO. 

1870 1875 249,113 2,034,261 4>. ct. 8,202,466 p. 655,435 

1875 1163 479,284 4,700,990 „ 16,088,077 , 1,425,267 

1880 1183 604,063 6,232,093 „ 23,248,314 „ 1,579,873 

1885 1288 803,747 8,799,753 « 29,882.679 „ 2,883,761 

1890 1435 1,066,152 12,067,426 „ 41,503,196 , 4,079,281 

1895 1695 1,349,420 16,122,710 „ 62,096,664 „ 6,344,205 

^ Ho ecJiB npHCMOTpsMCfl BHHHaTeibH'bei to saaATHMi peayjBTaTiF 
elite 6ojAe BasHHe, ^!byn» HaTepiaiBHae ycntKB. Tin cbohki xo- 
zoAOB% EOonepai^iH y^ciiBDT'B orpoManji cymin Ha, tbki HasHBae- 
MHfl, BOODHTaTeibHHfi ^OEji,^. UyTeifb leRi^ifi, msoii, 6H6jiiOTes*b» 
vxj6owb H np. BOonepai^iH ciapaDTcfl noxHATb ymcTBeEHHt ypoBesb 
CBoHxi couraoBii H, saBi yBBAHMi, CTapasifl He ooTajiHCB 6e8- 

MOAHUMH. 

MnoroTHCA^HaA TOina oxpyxaeT'E scTpaAy, na soTopoft cb- 
AAT!E TenepB bosah KOonepaTHBHaro jUBHseHia b'b AnriiH* BoT& 

B&k HOAHBjraCfc H 6ypHHMI[ aHJOAHCMeHTaMH BCTp'b^aDTS BOOBMBJO- 

ciiTHjrbTHflro, HO eme fio^paro CTapHu. 9T0-*HecT0pi anrjiflcsHxiB 
Koonepai^ift, HSB'bCTHsft HBcaTeJiB rojooRi (Holyoak), soToparo Po- 
6epn OyBHi Borxa to HaM^THji'B, sas'B cBoero npeeicHHsa. Gra- 
pHBi — sBBBfl ji^TOHHCB HpofiysAeHiA xeBioBpaTiH vh Ahfjuh. Bc» 

CBOD SH8HB OWb A^BTdBHO OTCTaiBajI'B CBOB netkXU, KaSl (TB 06- 
POIPB B'B pyKaX'B, TaB!B H CB TpH6yHU. Ha SaKaTt SH8HH OHl BCaOM- 

HBJTB, HTO MoseT'B pascsasaTB en^e Boe ^to spatne HHtepecHoe 
€BOHM*B corpaaBA&HairB h HanBcaj'B gboh Menyapv, BOTOpire 6iijra 
BCTptqeHH spafiHe co^yacTDeHHO bc^hh opraHaiin ne^aTH, 6e8*B 
paajniHiji HaapaejeHifi. MemyapH bth hocatb HasBaHle « Sixty years 
of an agitator's life». <Bb oahoS bbi BOHeiiift BeHi-^soHCOHa, — ni- 
merB cTapHSi bi CBoeft aBTo6iorpa4>iH, — cjiyra roBopHTi o cBobm 

ZOBAHHi: ■«OH!B O^eHB nO^lTOHHlrii XSeHTeJIBMeHl, TOJIBBO y Hero H^TS 

BpeMeHH 6EITB caMHiTB C060D, Ao TasoS CTeneHH owh 8aHjrrB». To 
se caHoe hobtophiocb h go hhod. Si Tas'B aoafo 6sjrB sanHTB 
oTCxaHBaHieiTB npani xpyrnxi Ha shshb h 4K>pMyaHpoBaHie]CB hxs 
xeiaHifl no dfoiny noBOjty, hto xo nocjr&j^Hjiro row y hohh se 61119 

BpeMeHH BHCSaSaTB HOH C06cTBeHHEIfl HH^Hifl^. B'B CBOHXl BOCnOMH- 

HaniBX'B oHi roBopHTi tix% cTpax&uinx'B h Tofi tfopBtfi, BOTopim 
fifixsMu 6uzE BHAepsBTB aHrjdflcBifl MaocH, HOsa ohI xo($hihck 
HpHBHama hxi npaBi. ABTo6iorpa({»iH FojdoKa bcji x^niHTrB T'bah 
OHTHXHSMOH'B H Toft FjyfioKoft BtpoS B'B qeJOB'^Ba H npaBo ero Ha 
c^acTBe, BOTopoe TaB*B ^apyDTi ^HTaTeu bo bc^x'b npoHSBexeHiaxiB 
BUAann^BXCA aHrjdficKHX'B HiicaHTeiefl. 

OoflTB rpeufHT'B annjoAHCtfeHTu: to BCTpi^aDTi Apyroro crapEBa, 
HeMHorHifB pasB'b MOJiose TojioBa. 9to Jlfoixoj (Ludlow), OM^wb hs^b 
nepBux'B BOonepaTopoB'B bi AnrjiiH h oahh*b hs'b hocx^ahhx'b o^e- 
BHweB'B 6ypHaro XBHseHin B'B aiod CTpaH'6 B'B nepioA'B 1844 — 1848 it. 
PflAOH'B (TB jlK)Ajioy— CBiiiii;eHHHB'B, CB BpyrjOMi, cHyrjBiirB, yuHciKi 
H HeofiHBHoeeHHO SHBUM'B jHD^oiTB. 3x0 spafise noayjrflpHuft opa* 

TOpl Ha BCtX'B HapOAHUX'B UHTHHraXX JIOHAOHa — BBHOHHK'B CbOTTV' 



HSl AHrJOH. 127 

TossAnA'h. 06uKHOBeHHO, acxpaxa yspameHa ihoib ^^laraHH AarjiH^ 
HIoTiaHAiH H HpiaHAiH. CeroAHfl ciDAa npHcoeAHHeHU" em^e ^mve 
HoBoft SejiaHAm. 8to bi ^bctb opaxopa, MOJiOAoro Ai^eHTUbiidHa 
4^% dHeprBuuifBf HicKOJibBo BHopoA?ecaaro THsa jui^omi^ BOiopiidl 
CBABT^ PBAoiCB c% GftOTTi-FouaHAOicB. 8to HpeAOTaBHTejiB Booae-. 
paTHBHOfi HoBot SejiaHAiH, 6HBinifl MBHBCTp'b HapoAHaro npocBin^e- 
fiia MBCxepx Phbci (Beevs). Go BpeiceHH 6pHj[jdaHTOBaro ¥>6EjeBf 
iborAa 6oaBfflaa nyfijuKa AHriiH snepBue nosHaKOMiuacB cb yxHBH- 

TOAHOft UOlOAOfi KOJOHiell, HHTepeCB Bl Heft H6 TOJB&O He ooiafit- 

Baei^ HO Bce 6ojiie h 6ojite paerex^B. Phbitb npHHecB (tb co6ofl, 
TaBi csasaTB, cBisifl 6pH3'B cBoefi AaJie£oi poahhu. H bovb yxe 
OiBa Hicfli^L, Baai tinefflift mhhhctp'b — ^repoft JIoHxoHa. Bb kohaA 
<rraTBH a noroBopD hoxpo6ho o hobhxi pe(tM>pifaxib TOfi CTpaHii, 
soTopyD npeACTaBueT*B hb npasAHHsi KoonepaxopoB'B Pbbci. 
AnnjoAHCMeHTu yMOJSJB. IIoAHBaca JlDAioy. 

— Jldfifl E A»eElTeJK»M3HH, — ^TOBOpBTB OffB, — Vb CBB8H CI flpO- 

rpeccoMB Boonepauift aoucho eaxoAHTBCH Bce 6ojiBfflee h 6ojBniee 
paaBBTie B^eH Heo6zoABMocTH enacmM js^& bc^x'b. Bc£ jeidab pos- 
A^HH A^a Hero. E opaTopi BHacHaeri, ^o hmbbho cspaiDHBaeTB 
&BBHB. OvB roBopHT*B 6paTCB0]irB eAHHOfiiB, saxl^iCB 061 o6juLro- 

paXHBanni^eMl BjdBfliH SHaHlB) My8HBH« HCByCCTBl. RaSl HOTOt 

AHTjni^aHflH'B, oh:b He satfuBaeTii y^^JHTB cBoe Mtcro h cnopxy. 
yse H xenepB HHoria BOonepai^iH,— npoAOJsaex'B opaxopi, — ^saBeiH 
^aoK 6fl6jioxeKB, cboh BOHAepxHHH saau, cboh xyra A^fl Hrpu b!B 
4yx($ojrB H Bi jiayH%-TeHH(rB. Ho bto en^e He Bce. Bb CEopoinb 
BpeMeHH Hu 6yAeH% b!b cooxobhIh ycxpoaxB «AoiHHy oxAHxa». Koone- 
paxopH coodn^a npio6p%xyxi orpoMHiift napsi; xaifB 6yxerB h p^Ba 
AU BaxaHiH B'B lOABaxi, h jLjrb A4a ^yx6oia, h BOHJ^epxHHfl, h 
Taui^oBaxBHHH sajiH, H 6H6iioxeBH. Bi napRt 6yAyxi» AOKa, Byxa 
ycxaBHiie Boonepaxopii Moryx!B npiftzaxB pasi b% foa'b, hxo6h ox- 
AOxnyxB HicBA^. 

IlyCxHBa aHBJioxHpyexi h ch^huxi hb jryasaftBy, v^i vh orpoM- 
fiofi najiaxK'b ycxpoena i^Bixo^Haa BHcxaBsa. 9xo see ab^xu, bu- 
poH](6HHHe BOonepaxopaMH Bib cbohz'b MHBpocaonE^ecBHX'B caAHRaxiy 
Bi CBo6oABoe oxi pa6oxu BpeMfl. XoABxib h jiK)6yDxa[ BiicxaBaeH- 

UHMH XyXl Se EOJIOGCaiBHHUH XHEBaHH, rHraHXCBOft MOpEOBBX) H 

flCHOiBHCBoft sanycxod, Boxopan nacHXEn (b* B'bpoHXHO, jSfiLSJd 
FapraHXDa. 9xo Bce obohoi, BHpocmifl Ha moxjiaHACBHxib soonepa- 
XHBBQUXB 4>epMax'B. Ha xeppaci^ SBy^axi e^ahi'^ xpy6u h HBmaTB 
AyAEfl: 6e3B0HeuuM!B 6axaxiioH0]i!B npoxoABX'B A'bxE soonepaxo- 
pOBi. Ohh xose npBHaAiesaxi ei CBoeft ca^tcboS rHJiBAiH». Ha 
jiyry ycxpaHBaK)xca cocxfl3aHifl: a^xh 6'6ryxi b'b sanycBH, npuraDXi 
^epeffB BepeBo^ayi arpaioxi wb jKayH^B-xeHHCi e np^.AnrjiflqaHe, 
opesAO Bcero, AiHax'B KptHsie MycayJiH h sasajieHHoe SAopoBBe. Bi» 
xaEOMi cjiyqai, ohe icoryxi paAOBaxBOa, rjBAfl hb bxh osHBieH- 
auB, Ai^nian^ifl SAopoBBeMi, pacBpaofitBHiiECfl A'^TCfia JBi^a. Ejee- 



128 PyCGKOI BOrAT€TBO. 

BHTCfl TpH HaCftt H 3&k CotniaTB OOflTb Vh IBOpCI^, B% TeETpl^ 

HTO(Su iiocijmai& aBaiieBHTiit xopi, eocroniipfi sn eeiiH thcatl 
-niBi^om. Xop>, KOHeno, jDfieTejBCBift. 8to Boe xoonepaTopii^ 
ueHH pasjmHHxi crHjBAifl», b'l aro nm yrpo oo6paBiiiiecfl ws^ 
pasHim soNom AHriiB. KasxEA «rEiBAui» HKien CBoft xoph. 
ntaiD OHH 7HHJHCB vb CBOflxi xjjtfax'B, Be^epaMB, nocjA patiorsL 
KoxoccaibBEd zopi npoHaBowTi cajbHoe BnenaTjiflie, aaarb npe- 

KpaCHHMB rOlOCaMB, TBRfb E CTpoftEOOTBD. IIODTb HapBI'L MeHAeA- 

ooHa, BaT^BfL xopib rafiAesa; bo 6aiBflie acero BapoxEHH n^bcHB. 
nytfiBaa fiypsHifB aflnjoABCHeHTaMH h MaxaflieHi niaTsoB's npH- 
B&TOTBjen rBMH!b BOonepaTopoBi: «6od save the people*. IIobxbo 
Houi) opasABflB'b saKaEHflBaerca 4^eftpBepK0M% h Taai^iMi na lyry. 
nosflaBoiiEiica Tesepb fl-bcKoiBBO 6jiBSe ci KOonepaTBBBinrB abb- 
xcEiem B^b AEriifl. 



n. 

Haqaioirb KoonepaTflBsaro ABEseBia vb Aariifl sysBO cnraTK 
ocEoaaBie Po6epTOM!b OyaEOM'b bi 1816 r. cHHCtsTjTa xxa otfpa- 
BOBaEiE zapaKTepa* (The Institate for the Formation of Character). 
Kasi BBBicTflo, nepBHfl obhti 6ujL'b xpaiBe jAWewh. Mwb ae 
npflzoAETca BAtcb pascaaaHBaTb Eoropiro HbD-JIesepRCBOfl Koonepa- 
D;iB: Bce bto bsb^cteo pyccsoi nydjiflB'i xopomo, Kasi no kehs&'& 
P. OydEa €0&h o6pa80BaHiB nejioBiHecRaro xapasTepa>, Koropaa bk- 
xepsaia y eac'B, saseTca, Tpa BSAaBia, Tawb a no CTpacrnofi, ro- 
paneft crarbi^ Ao6poiK>6oBa, noEin^eEBoi bs IV-oms tom^ cofipasia 
coHBHeflift ero. 

Bb 1834 r. OyBE'b nacajb lopxy Brongham'y o6*b arofi aoone* 
paiUE cJiij^yDmee: <£[ xyHai), aaM'b bbb^ctbo, hto be oahbi onurb 
Be Cuj'h Taa'b yxaHefl^b, xaKi tott, xoTopofi mb cA'^ajiE B'b HbD- 
JleBdpat, xoTE owh tfaji'b npoA'bjaB'b BonpeaE Bcft.M'b CTapHVb 
BpeApaacyAsaMi ja>Aei. B% Teqenia xBaimaTE AeBaTE jitoi xu o6- 
lOffinch 6e8'b xaniCTpaTOB'b b 6e3*b aj^BoaaTOBfb. HaMi be pasy 
Be npEuiiocb upafi'brByTb Taase k^ Haaasaflii); y Baci 6uao ae- 
BBB'bcTflO, santM'b flysBH BajioFE AJa &bjifiurh. Mu coapaTEJiE npo- 
AOjiSBTeabHoeTb pa6oqaro ahe, bbojib xopomee ofipasoBasie Ala 
A^Teft, yiyinraaE noxosesie Bspocxux'B, cA^xajiE exi y^acTBBBaifE 

Wb AOXOAaX'b ^6pBBB, CBepX<b TOrOf o^bctexe 300 thcato ^ySTOB^b 

CT. BpB6HJiB» '*'3 0eoj[o tofo BpeMeHB nOHBEXca nepaufl sypaaxi, 
BOCBameHEuft BOonepaTBBBOMy ABaaceBii) «The Econcnnist*, roto-* 
poay BCTopBR'b BToro ABBseHia yAiMaeT^ noHOTBoe MiCTO. 
PoAaRTopOM'b B B8AaTejeM!b <8R0fl0MECTa> 6iix*b PofiepT'b OyoBii. 
Bnocx'iACTBifl, boa'b T^H'b se sasB^BieMi, ^seMci BaxbCOB'b 
ocHOBaxi APyrofi sypaaxi, aoTopiift CTaxi 6oeBH]rb opraaoirb 



*) Holyoakef «The History of co operations v. I, p. 56. 



m'h AMTsm. 129 

doraxHX'B npoHHOiJeHHHBOBi. Bb nepBoicb sOHepi sypnajia Ma 
HHTaeM'b: <9K0H0iiEC'rb» — nepiOABHecKoe HdAame, ocHOBaHHoe 
AJUi pasijiCHeHifl hoboS CHcreMii o6ii^ecTBeHHaro cipofl, bu- 
pa6oTaHflOfi PotiepTOHii OyBHOM^, Esq. Bi sypnaji^ 6yAeT% oficys- 
AaT&cfl TaKse uaHi accoiUai^fl, HMton^ei s^iibD yjyqniHTB no* 
loseeie pa6o?aro uacca npH cyn^ecTByiospz'B nuni ycjiOBifizi 
HafiHa>. n B'B cjiixyDinieft ciaibt Toro se Hjicepa HSJiaraeTca 
npoeBTi cRoonepaTHBHaro h dKoeoHH^ecKaro o($ii](ecTBa>. 3to, ecJiH 
fl He omH6ax)ci>9 nepBoe no BpoMeHH Bib AHrjiH iiCHoe h to^hob onpe- 
Aijenie aoonepaiuH. 8nHrpa({>0])Cb au CTaTbn Po6epT!b OydH'B hb- 
6paj['b cjoBa MHjBTOHa: 

<Our greatness will appear 

Then most conspieuoos, when great things of small, 

Useful of hurtful, prosperous of adverse 

We can create». 

(Hame BeiHHie npoABHTCA BnoiH'b Torxa« sor^a mh cHoxeM'B 

CAijaTB BejiHiUA Ben^H Hdi hhtooshhtb, nojEesHcia m% BpeAHHxi ■ 

ixfiiTjmjoi ESI yBflA&»mHxi). IBi'h cosajiimiD, RaKi hbb^ctho, j^ajb- 

Hitmifl KOo^epa^iH vh AsrxiH He yAaBaiHCfc. OT^acTH, bto saBH- 

CbjEO OTTb caHHZ<B y^aCTHHBOBl, 0Tb HXl, TaB'b cBasaTB, coiqajbHoft 

HenoAroTOBieHHocTH, oxHacTH, BCiiACTBie n,ijiaro pa^ He^xaronpiHT* 
BHVh yciOBiiB. ToproBi^ii tfoflBOTHpotoxH BHOBB BOBHHunie cuaxH H 
OTBasHBajiHCB OTnycKaxB hmi Tonapu; npntfau pacnpeAi^uuacB xhhib 
Mej^y ocHOBaTeuMH H nafi^HKaHH, a nosynaTexH ocTasajracB bi 
CTopoH^. TaKBiTB o^padoiTBi y nocJi^AHHzi ue 61110 ocHOBaHifl npe^- 
no^ecTB jiaBBy BOonepaxopoB'B ApyrHMi MarasHHaiii. 06ntecTBa ot- 
nycBaxH bi BpexHT» h TepniH mhofo, Borjua aojubhhbh oTBaasBa 
iHCB HiaTHTB. JIhhib cb BOBHHBHOBeHieM'B PoHAeAjieBCBaro CBia^a 
ocHOBaHHaro na hobomi npHHi^Hni, Boonepaipn B'B AnrjiiH craiH 
npoiHO Ha HOFH H AocTHrxH Mory wro pasBHTifl. npesxe, ntiCB npH- 
crynHTB x*b HOBiftmeft HCTopiH anrjiflOBHX'B Boonepaiafi, Heo6xoAsiio 
Cj^aiB oxHo saM^qaHie. Oni ropas^o 6oxBme o6fl8aHH Po6epTa 
Oyany, li^ui bto MOser'B noBaBaxBCA ci nepBaro BBrjuAa* c^oxHHy 
OTji;i]xa», BOTopofi roBopHX'B J[x>A4oy, Bxyfiu h xoHi^epTHHH saxH- 
xeaiUH H BpyXBH caicopasBHTiji, — HecoMB^HHo, HastaHU HAeaxH 
<HBD-xeHepBOBaro $HXoco4»a». «noj(o6HO ILiaTOHy, OydHib npixa* 
BajCB orpoMfloe BOcoHTaTexBHoe BHaneHie ho toxbbo BHamx), ho 
H nimi), TaHi^BM'B h ^HSH^ecBHH'B ynpasHeHixMi, bi BexBXOMy 
yxacy cBoero coBOMnanioEa no <|^a6pHBi, — BBasepa, — rOBopHTi bi 
CBoei cLeetnre on Foreshadowings of Co-operation in Plato» BaxB- 
Tepi MopBpooffB, xopomo SHaBmifi xh^ho Oyana. — IIOAofiHO Ilxa 
TOHy, OydHi c^HTaxfB caHOo6xaAaHie, saTiiCB pasBHiie o6n^eOTBeH- 

HHX'B HH0THHBTOB'B-"OCHOBa][H BOCnHTaHifl>. 

Bh 1843 r. A^bxBL 4^xaHexeBHZ'B (|^6pHBaHT0B% b!B Po^wixi^ <Shxh 
BexHBOxinHH. TaaqH pimHXH, bi chxj btofo, npocHTB npnteBBy 
saxoBaHifl. Tofab pa6oHie bi AnrxiH 6hxh bi eoBepmeHHoifB noAU-* 



130 P7GGK0B BOrATCTBO. 

ReaiH 7 npe^jpipHHEMaTeieft. <The right of combiiiation», t. e. npaso 
coeAHHjiTiiCA wh C0D8H, npHBHaHHoe TenepB sa hhxh uapiaHeHTOirB, 
TOrAa c^BTajocB npecryiueBieicB. Hocit j^oxthxi neperoBopoB's pa- 
6o9ie p^niBJiH MesAy ootfoD nycTBTB npofiHufl mspi,: aocJiaTfc x^ny- 
TaiOB'b Ki Bjiax^Bii^y oahoA 4>^Phkh. Ecih xenyTaTs nojiyqan 

Omopiy TO BCi TBaU TOfi $a6pHBH AOJQBHH 06'BiIBHTB CTaHKy, a 

pa6otie ocrajbHHZ'B ^^tfpBSi o&iaaHH noMepsBBaxB TOBapHO^efi 

BSHocaMB no ABa neHca b'b ue^bjao. OcxaBajiocB caHoe TpyxHoe: 

BsCpaTb AonyTaiUn. Bi to Bpeiu Basxni AenyTaTi uon cmotp^tb 

Ba ce6a, kbri sa noTepaBsaro ^eiOB^Ka: ^a6pBBaHT& bk^jcb ero 

nocTOBEBO Bi BBAyi KBBi sa^BBBJ^Bsa B noACTpeKaTexfl, B npB nep- 

BOMi cjiyqai CTapajCB OTxibjiaT&CB orb Bero. CKSiiBBOBeBBO, vb xe- 

nyTaTu nonaj^aiB saBtfoifte caocotfane b pasBBTHo pa6oHie. H rim 

6oite npexBpBBBMaTeJiB OTBOCBjracb bi ebm% ci BOAOBtpieMi. 7bo- 

jieBBHfi jKfiujTBTh BcsajTb pa(^TU Ba APyroi $a6pBB%; bo aTTecrai^ifl 

ar«Be, tSLKh 6e8noBoiBaro neioBtsa, pacDpocTpasBiacb yse BCDxy* 

B BoBKifi npeAnpBBBMaTaib 6oflJiCB npBBBTB «BOsaBa e dMBccapa pas- 

-'iMtBBHLeft matKB, BssicTHOt BOA'S BasBaBieiTL Trade-Union^. Bi 

lUHn^i BOBi^orb, Be CMOTpfl Ha CBoe BCByccTBo H oBBTBocTb, Aeoy- 

H'VMTKtfiBonaAaji'b bi njia^eBHoe cocroBBie, onpeAi^Beiioe bi AarjiiB 

-QflBpaHH «alwaysoutofwork» (BcerAa 6e^ pa6oTH). Bo Bpeva btbx'b 

u mmojiBflim 008011081 pa6oTii 6%AHflra, 6HBajio, cjiy?aftBo nonaAOTi 

aBmrApaiBf 6jib8b Bafiasa. Ci^eBa nepeBocBTca wb cyA'b. Bi APyroe 

d^%pnBQ^O BOB^BlOCb 6u BB^M%; HO MaTBCTparb COCTOBJl SB'S 
~iCri(pSbHMl>i^6pBBaHT0B%. JliCByTaTl Blfb BciM'b tfUJTb BSBtCTeHTb, 
.''QnKMT!6QHB6toftHHft ^OlOB'bB'B, H OFO OTOpaBJAJH B'B TDpbVy, XOTB 
^^i;a](>H0:UIBilBCBBlOCB| 9T0 BMeBBO OBI n^BBBMan yHBCTie B'B 

ni.fiT>-4*ri&oAcya(aHufl 6iija> AenyTBTOirB! Heroseen^e 6oxbme\ TaKoft 
-iqeroji^ eans'Qe CBepmBjTB enie npecTynjieHU ceroABB, to sasTpa 
oJWBpHiimf o^biflenpeirbBHO. Tbk'b ys'B jyqme b'b TDpBMy ero: no 
£imMA§efraifepft9 ne 6yAerB 6ojie noAcrpesaTB HBBoro.— TaB!B pas- 
Y^q^AM'BBiranKiTpa'rB. SE^bb b a'^tb AdoyTBTa BonaAajiB vh pa6o«£ift 

-^^AM'^^^WISt^'KIOeqaCTHHft <9MBCCapX» BUXOABJ'B EVh TnpbMtf, Ha 

T^Homm yKk-'IsnajQ^neeciniBaeuoe bbtbo <onacHaro HeiOBisa*. B'B 
-^xrveMV^^^^albjotfiAHBra BMBrpBpoBajrb, b'b xyABieH'B — norpysajicB 
OEB!Bf<xpoiiBCTH^iiipnHaBo OTHBBBiB. Ta&oBB tfiua aapbepa A^nyTBTa b^ 
v^WifflIWfaf>{Koi\i(s»pMHefij[eBCBie tsb^b pinuuiB OTnpaBBTb nocojnurrBO 

•du:V.-^oSM ttUffUfh^h^i^dTO 6un cTapHft BoupocB dsonoBcsoft 6aOBfl. 

iiB%QKafll8)I]^toBJE;^:^0OB0Ty BySHO BBB'bCHTB ROJIOBOJniqBRi; HO 

-uMfrws<kAiai(niiBafTtf;/:iTo^p%niHJiCB 6u cA^jaTb bto. HysBo bm%tb 

vh BBAy, HTo TOFAB paCtfiie b'b Abfjub 61UB en^e npBHBseBH b 

nr^fdiBliJ Hflt4o<T^voTKaT«9rH^ajrB en^e ne toabo napoAHHU yHB- 

v^n^CHTttTaK^'fOAraBiBzif^fl^jdoTeBarB b raseTaz'B, peAasTBpye- 

(iHiiu^' ifli(aiifl^iMiiieAiiinui'''BB'b napoAa, ho Aase npocrot rpaiioT* 



HS'b AMVim. 181 

«ocTH XJEfl B&bvh. HaROHeui, CM^jTBHaRH HanmcB. To 6iijih Hsa* 
fiojiie pasBHTHe paCo'iie, hsi KOTopim H^soTopiie 6iiju xopomo 
SHaxoMH CB npoesTaMB Po6epTa Oydsa. ^ajbine see nomio, KaK!& 
nosHo 6uM npeABHA'bTB: zosaeBa OTxaaajHCB yeejiHTOTB uaxy, a 
4enyTaiila, cocTouBjnaji h3% 28 HejiOBisi^ noiepajia pa6oTy. Ho xe- 
nyTSTH He 6ilih AOBe^eHH j^o TiopBHu. CiosEaBafl, hto ajia uo&bXB, 
HfifB HysHa npesjie acero HeaaBHCHHocTB, ohh ptntHjiH ao6utb oe 
cpH noMOiQH soonepas^iH. H b'b Po^AOfijii y^ajiocB to, «ito ho yxABa- 
jiocB xo Tirb nop'B *). «B% soHn^'b 1843 r., bi cupofi, TeifHHfi, Mpa?- 

HUft Be^ep'B, B*& 0XHH*B HSl Tizi HOXtfpBCRHU aHriifieRHZ'B Be^epoB%, 
jcorxa cojiHue, saseTCHt cRpmocB orb OTqaaHia h otb cosHaaui 
CBoero tfescHJUfl pasornaTB lyuMH cspyi) nexeny, — Hi^CRoaBRo 6ifr 
HHX'B TRa^efi, noTepflBiHHZi pa6oTy h naxesxy fia nee. He niiiBiiiHxi 
no^TH, vAwh npoRopMHTB x^Tet, co6paj[HCB Birtci4, hto6h o6cyxHTB, 
saR'B nocTyoHTB. DpHdirHyTB jih hm'b r'b noMon^H patfo^en xovon? 
Ilo BixB 9T0 SHa^ffiT'B HonacTB wb HOByD Ra6ajy. dMHrpepoBaTB ju? 
Ho BixB 8T0 6yxen ccHJUta b% HaRaaanie sa to> hto TRaw hm^joi 
Hec^acTBe poxhtbch tf^XHHRaifH. Hto se x'i^aaTB? H TRa^H cm&io 
p'bniBjiH cTaTB cauHni RyniiaMH, co<(cTBeHHHRaMH tf^afipHRi h Rann- 

TaiHCTaMB. y HHRl* He 6UJL0 HH OHUTHOCTH, HH BHaHlft, HH CpeXCTB%. 

Ho pyRRM'B Homen noxnHCHofi jbctx. TRa^H ofijisaiflCB bhochtb 
«seHextJBHO no xsa neHca, xota po^xefljeacRie potoibjbxh H6 
MorjB 6h cb yBipeHHocTBD CRasaTB Torxa, tfyxyTi jh y bbxi xaRis 
xeHBrH». TaRi HHHieTib aaTopn^ cHcTopiH Roonepauift b% AHriiH». 
Hepes'B 52 Hex'bJH y <aRi^iOBepoB'B» ae HaRonniocB es^e xocTaToiHOfl 
myvuUj HTo6fii RyuBTB H^moRi a^MeHHoS MyRB. A nepes'B 13 i^ti 
OHH yse noxyqajH eseroxBO 76 Tucani $. ct. TeuepB se oTx^ienia 
po^xeftJiOBCRaro cRjiaxa horphxh c&tbd bcd Anrjoi). Bi xeJUi6p'b 
1844 r. Rooaepaiua, nojyqHBmaa BaBBanie «Eqiiitable Pioneers^, or- 
KpHxa CBOB x'i^flcTBia Ha Toad Lane (b-b cJarymeqBeiTB ]iepeyjiR'&») 
Bi Po^xefijii. «CpexH ToproBi^es-B npoaecca cjiyxii — roBopni^ rb- 
Top'B ^History of the Bochdale Pi0Heer8», — qxo hxi* ROHRypeHTi^ 
BHCTynflTB HMOHBO Bi TOTi BeHepi, H He MRJO jdCohuthux'b riasi 
sarjiaHyxo HapoHHO Bib rjyxofi, rpasHufi JIarymeqift nepeyioR'B. Ho 
^R0HRyppeHT'B» CTHXBjica HORasaTBca. cllioHepu* (xaRoe HasBame 
noJiyqHiB 28 TRa^efi-ocHOBaTejiefit fiHBoiie xenyTaTu) co6paJHCB b% 
HBSROfi, HpaTOoft ROMBBTt cBoeFo «Hara8BHa> H o6cy2xaJH, y Roro 

XBRTH'TB Xpa6pOCTH OTRpHTB CTRBHE. cHaROHeA'B^ TRROft CM^&IBHiaR'B 



*) HecTopb BoonepaTHBHaro XBBsema bi AhtiIh — rojdoR'b b'b CBoet 
^HcTopiB PoYxeftieBCRHX'B oioHepoBi^ o6%aCHaeT% yxaqy bmohho t^^m^ hto 
sapoA'B nocjE^xoBajii coB'bTj IlHjua h Baal's „cbok) cyxi>6y wb cboh pyRs^. 
^Ost (npesBia xoonepaiUH) se yxaBaiHCB HMeBHO nOToiiy, qio xo6poxoTH 
flOMOiaiH HM'B Ed's cBouxi RomeiBROBi... GaMonosepTBOBaEio H Haxeacxa 

HCRJOOqETeiBEO TOIBKO HR CaMOFO Ce6a— BOTl tOTb ceRpeTB, ROTopmn 

*o6'bacjriieTca ycnixi poHxeiieBCRBXi xoonepaiuit, xaRi HXHorHX'b xPFHZ% 
ApexnpiflTifi''. 

9* 



132 PyCCEOB BOrATCTBO. 

Bameicflt craBHH 6Hjra chath, b, sa noTixy jn^Euvb ManqflniKau'K^ 
B jiaBOiiBflBai[*i>, nosasaJiocB vb oBHaxrb roMeonaTB^ecsoe KOJiBHecTBO' 
a^veffBofl MTBB, caxapa b ?ax)». Ha nepBUxi noparb jaBo^sa tfuaajia. 
OTKpHTa jflBiB no cy66oTa]rB ab no noBeAliBBBBaiix, w h to ne 
il^Hft Mfiuhy a JBBIB Be^epoMi. Oabhi m% uenoB^B jr^peAHTejeft 
CTOiiJi sa np«Ka37flBa, Apyrofi 6hji'b cesperapeui, Tperift hocbj'b 
rpoMsifl TBTyji saccapa n sanBCHBajrb bi sHHry exBueAiihaui 060- 
porb Vh 2 ^. CT. HeTBepTHfi 6HjrB oCjte^eH'b emfi6oMie no^erHiaiB 
BBasleiTb KasBanefl, h bi ero B^A^HiB BaxoxaxcB bocb apTexBHui 
4)0HA'B Bi 28 4>- OcTajBHHe 24 fnioBepa> 6iixh bi oxho b to se 
BpeMfl BypaTopaMB, XBpeBTopami, aKi^ioBepaiiB, nponaraexHCTaMB b... 
eABBCTBeBHHMB noKynaTexBKB. k ynoMBeyxi yse, hto cpe^H nioBc- 
poBi 6HXfl sisoTopHe, BOTopHe xopomo sHaxB bsfxhah Potfepia. 
OysHa. CamisfH BHAaDB^BMBCJi ocHOBaTexflMB 6uxb BaxiaMi Eyaep^ 
H '%tpxB3i» FoBaprb, botopho b Biipa6oTajB ycraai. «Sooaepaiiii& 

BH^eTl I^XBD, — HBTaeiTB HH B'B HCMX, — 1) yCTpofiCTBO XaSBB AHfL 

npo^asB sBBHeHBHx% npBDacoB'B, OAe»AU b t. x-; 2) nocTpofiBy ua 
noBynsy aomob:b, bx soToptix'B hofxb fin sBTb co^jeHs, o6'BeAQ- 
HeHBue o6iHEn sexaaieirb yxyqniBTB BsaflXBoft noMon^LK), BaB<& xa- 
TepiaxBHoe noxoseHie, Tasi b yxcTBeHHoe pasBBTie ipjrb xpyra; 
8) BsroTOBxefiie 4^a6pBBaT0Bi, Cb a^xbd xocTaBBTb, TaBBMi o6pa- 
8om, pa6oTy HyswDfl^BMCii wh Hei; 4) npio6p%TeHie bxb se apeHji.y 
yqacTBOBTb seiixfl, BOTopse mofxb 6h o6pa6aTHBaTBCfl coueHaxB, Be 

BM^DBl^flVB BOBCe patfOTS BXB 26 BKilDH^BMB OIOZO OBXaTOBaeMBB^ 
SaHilTiB, H 5) HaCBOXBBO B08M0SB0, 06nieCTB0 XOXSBO CTpeXBTbCa 
Bl» TOMy^ HT06b[ 6hTB B*b COCTOilHiB BSrOTOBXBTB BCi Heo6zOXBXHS 

B'B ero o6flxoA% Ben^B. Oho tfy^eT'b noMoraTb bi tomi xe b ApyrBMi 
otfntecTBaMTi. Bb CBxy vnorBxi o6cTOflTexbCTB<b (^to6ii BstfirayTb^ 
BpazAO^^Bitxi x^flCTBift APyrBx*b xaBo^HBBOBi, HTi^u npHBxevb Ba- 
HBTaxH B np.) po^eflxeBCKie nioHepH aoxshu 6iixh OTBasaTBca or^ 
Bceqftxaro npoHBTiB npoeKTa KOonepaTBBBofi xbbbb, npejo^xoseHBaro 

OyBHOlH. OflB CTaXB npOABBaTb npOXyBTII no pHHO^HHM'b I^'bBaH'B 
B 3a60TBXBCB XflBIB TOMl, HTo6h TOBBpS 6hXH ZOpOBiarO XOCTOHB- 

CTBB. TaBHHTb o6pa8oirb« HaaonxBxacb npatfaxB, KOTopaB ci cjL^Mjn- 
n^aro se row CTaxa pacnpex^xBTBCA nponopoiOBaxBHo xes^y nesy- 
narexflMH. Btoti BpocTOfi cnoco(h» pacnpex^eHUi cyn^eerByeTb 6e3B 
BSKiHesiB AO CBzi nopi. EasAHfi noBynarexB, npio6p%TaK)Qifi hto- 
HBtfyxb B3'b xaBOE!B, ycTpoeHHfiix'b no po^xeflxeBCBofl CHcreiAy noxy- 
^aerb n^BHsoByi) MapBy ci otfoBHa^eHieirB ctobmocth noEjBBH. Bx 
KOflA^ BasAoft HeraepTB roA9 ^th HapBB npeA'bXBXxBTCfl, h nosy- 

naTeXD BSAaeTCB COOTBtTCTBeHHan WCTB ABBBAOHAa (06UBH0BeHH0, 
OTb 1 — 3 mHXXBHrOB<b fla 4>yBTl»). HTO61I CTBTb COUeHOMl Koone- 

paiui, nysHO bhoctb XBmb oabhi mBxxBHr'b. Bi flacTOBn^ee BpeMfl 
BBOAeao npaBHxo, ^to abbbabhth sasA&ro coHxesa yAepsBBauTCfl 
Ao tIxi nopi, nosa orb h6 cocraBiiTb AOCTaTOHHoft cyMMU AJ& 
noBynsB bbtb naeBB o6ni[ecTBa no <|^yHTy aasAHfl. SaT^irb, ooueHs 



'HaHHHfteT'b noiy^aiB A^BHAeHA'B sa CBOfl nafl. Bi Haux6 ofin^ecTBO 
n^aTHJio SVsVo, saTiiTB, ^To6u npHBie^b KanHTaxn, hobhcejio nuTesa 
JLO 5K;TenepBHe jkiitLTun (SjecTan^H, ?to npoi^eHT'b onaTS hohh- 
seHT.&& oAHiz'b poHAefijeBCRBrb soonepai^iflrb bbhoci oahofo uau- 
juHra Aaeri yse coueny npaBO roioca; b% xpyrax's — oho npoAOCTa- 
Bjaerca jhbib cb npio6pftTeHieirB naa wb oxhh'e ({>yHrB. Ho nocji^AHift 
BaaoajaeTca, saai hh BBxtjiH, hhcto aBTOMaTHHecak. BcdaT) rx^ cy- 
mecTByDTi poHAefijeBcaia soonepai^iB, 3aBiAyK>iQie CTpexaTca npi- 
oCniHTB H o6ieAHHHTB 6e3i BCRju>qeHifl BC^% jLHTeiefl AftBHaro 
ospyra. IIociiAHflro CTpeMjenia Ma He BaHinaeirB wh o6aiHOBeH- 
Hux*B KOonepaTHBHBX'B o6niecTBax'B, nanp., bi 6oraTot <Giyil Ser< 
vice Supply As8odatioa», ocHOBaHHofl b^b 1867 r. ho^tobhiih hhhob* 
BoaaHH. Ci caMaro Ha^aja 6iua npHHHTa CHCTOxa npeepaBteEia 
npa^Hjiefl b*b sanHTaji'B. IIpaBxa, o6ntecTBO orpeiCHJiocB ki Toxy, 
^to6h opoAaaaTB, no bobmoshoctb, no cbohmi i^tfiax'B; uonpntfiUB 
BeMHHyeMo AOisna 6sja HaaonjaTBCa sMeHHO BciixcTBie yciOBit 
npoAasH bi pa8Apo6B. B-b onepai^iax<B cCivil Service Supply Associa- 
'tion» MU BHABKi, B'B sasie orpoMHiie KanHTajm MoryivB npespa^ 
THTBCfl APo6Hua <iacTH neHcovB H ({>apTHHroBi '*'). 06niecTB0 tisio 
ooHOBano b*b 1867 r. Bi 1882 r. HaRonHjutCB orpoxHaa npH6BiB, koto- 
pyn yipeAHTejiH h pacnpe^'&iHJB nponopi^ioHaJBHo cbohitb BBJUiAairBt 
sas'B axo A^jEanrB oQiiKHOBeHHua aai^ioHepHHa BOMnaaiH. TenepB 
axi^ifl o6mfiCTBs^, cTOHBrnaa BHa^ajct jhuib 10 majuHEroB'B^ — ^npo- 
AaeTca no 125 fff. h npHHocHx^B 127o* B'B pesyiBTax^ to, hto b8% 
copoaa THcaq'B noTpe^HTOjeft jhdib 5 Tuaivh HMinTi npaao roioca. 
cCiyil Service Supply Association* — CBOero po^a aoonepaTHBBaa 
ojBrapxia. Po^Aefi^eBcaie se nionepH ci caiiaro Ha^ajui yoTanoBiiH 
npHHABnx: ckojibko noBynaxejeft, ctojbbo h roiocoBii; oabh'b n&- 

JOB'iX'B MOSeXl HM^TB JUfflB O^HHl rOJIOCl* ^MHIil. BOTOpiie Ha 

^TOjBxo paBHOAymHs vb o6nt6My A'^y, hto ne xothti aBHTBca Ha 
sactAaHie, He aojishu nepexanaTB HHKOiiy CBoero npaaa. ^ho^hhh 
no^BsyDTCH bc%mh npaaaHH h noryx'B 6iiTB, bbki cjyxantHMH n 
o6niecTBi, tbb'b h pyBOBOAHTeiflHH ero« 06paTHicca vb pesyiBTa- 
TaifB. Bb 1844 r., po^AefljeBcsaa BooaepaAia na^aja obod a^- 
TOJBHOCTB cb BanHTBJiOM'B vb 28 ^^yHTOBi. IIpHtfiMefl nojyieHo He 
6hio. Ha BTopoft foa'b o6n(ecTBO HacraTuaajio yxe 1747 booh., a 
ocHOBHOft BanHTajn ero paaHaica 181 $., o6opoTHHfl se — 710 $• 
UpatfiUB oocTaaxia 22 ^. H hbi hhx'b ceftwci se SHa^HTejBHaa 



*) J(u noflcneHifl npHBexy npHxipi, saHMCTBOBaHHidl ebb bhhth Bear- 
pHCH GflXH6fl*B666B 4:The Co-operatiye Moyement in Ghreat Britaui>. 06- 
•mecTBO npio6pdbTaeTB isA no 1 m. 10 n. 1 ^'pr. sa ^jBTb. Uo^ewb ono 
AoisHo npoxasaTB 3 ymia? CaMO co6ok) pasyxtercfl, ono xojsho 6jxeTb 
HiH OT6pocHTB xpo6HyK) ^ACTB 4|)apTHnra, hih npH6aBHTB, ^to6h noiy^siacB 
•^yn^ecTByiDn^aa MOHexa. B% nepaoxi ciy^ai, otin^ecxBO noxepaen, bb BOffi^t 

BOHI^OBB, OrpOMBHA CyiOlII, BO BTOpOX'b, BpOTHBB SOianiX, BOXflHrb 601B« 

wjv> npHfiiuB (p. 64). 



1S4 P7CCK0B BOrATCTBO. 

HacTB 6uja OTAijena au o(!pa80BaHUi, tbx,% HasHBaeiiaro, cbocoh- 
xaTeJiBHaro 4^HAa». Bi 1876 r. BiAvb ueHOBi 6hjio 8892, xanH^ 
Tail Boonepai^iB paBHucji 254,000 t.^' roxoBoft o6oporb 305,000$., 
a npH6tijiB cocraBHxa 50,500 ^. Bi 1887 r. jiHXCKoe OTX'&ieHie Ha-- 

CHITHBaJIO 23 THCJi^H COUeHOBl H nOJIJ^HJIO 59 THCAH'B $. OpB- 

61UH. OiBxreMciuui soonepai^iH Bi tomi so roA7 BOsapaTHia cbohitb 
23 THCfl^aiTB coHieHaifb noBynaTeiBH'E 90 THCJiq'b $. ct. bi bha^. 
XHBHAeHxa. tUpoACTaBTe ce6& 6oraTaro nejOBi^Ba, soTopiifi ese- 
roAHo AapHTi pa6o?Hii'b .no 90 Tuca^i $. ct., — ^HTaexi mh b'b 
cFortnighily Beyiew» 8a 1887 r.,— ero nopTpera 6ujib 6a bi sas* 
Mfiwb OBHi, ero CTaTye h 6k>cth yapaniaiH 6a aazAaft csBepi a 
ero H86pajiH tiu b^b napjaiieHTi, xotb cwTajm 6a BejH^flmBM'B 
nynuoMi bi idpi. He ropasAO 6ojrte-jH noneTso to, too pa6oHift 
KiaccB caMi ce6t Moserb noAapHTb ary cyMMy n ee o6B8aH!b 6ja- 
fOAapHocTLK) HXKOMy 8a ero 6jiaroTBopflTejD»BoeT{i> ^). ^Tohho Taa'E^ 
Kaxi oymecTBOBaflie 6aHH vb ropoAt noBasaaaeTi nporpecci co- 
8HaHia seo6zaAHMOCTH oopbthocth, — npoAoisaeTi bi Apyrom Mftcrb 
TOTB se BocTopseHBHft aBTopi, — TOHHo Tasi se y^pesAenie Koonepa- 
THBHofi laBKH po^AeAieBcxofi cHCTeMH CBHA^TeiLCTByeTi nporpeccL 
c08HaHifl npoMamjieHHofi HpaBCTBeHHocrn n AOKasuBaeTi, tto opra- 
iiHaauioHHag A'&ATejibHocTB na^ajacB yse cpoAB pa6o^ro Bjiaoca». 
?T0 BBTopi noApasyM'bBaeTab noA^ CJOBaMH tnpoHaoueBHaa HpaB- 

OTBCHHOCTB', — OHl 06'BflCHfleT'B BaifB B'B APyrOfi CTaTbt, nOM^IBieH- 

Hofi Bi €OT^eTarB» ciisAa aHrjiifiosHX'B aoonepaTopowB sa 1890 r. 
<Bc% jaBRH, BxoAflHiiiH bi cooraB'B csooaepaTHBoaro coio8a», o6a3a&H 
npoAaBaTB He 4>AJBCH(|^Hi^Hp6BaHHae npoAysTu. Sojih opoAaaeui 
BHaerB BasoJi-HH6yAB bbibhi b'b Tpe6yeMofl Ben^H, ohi o6a8aH'B 
npoAynpeAHTB noBynaTeu. TasBMi odpaaoMi — xoonepaKui anawTB- 
noBHmeHie nponaniJieHHOft HpaBCTBeeHooTH. B'B eoha^ kohd^obi, BiA 
BoonepamH aojsuo 6yAyT'B coeAHHHTBca h ocHosaTB oaho rHraflx- 
CBoe npoH8BOAHTejiBBoe o6n(ecTBO ajue nsroTOBieaix aaoiHi^ Ao6po- 
Ba^ecTBeHHHZ'B (|)a6pHKaT0Bi. Ho hto6u hm^tb bobmoshoctb npo- 
AaaaTB Bnoant Ao6poBa^ecTBeHHae Toaapa, — aojshu 6aTB uosyDa- 
TeJiB, HacTOjibXO BocnHTaHHue, qTo6u iipio6p'6TaTB arb, noayuaTeiH, 
AyxaDope ho CTojn»Bo o i^tH'b, cboibko o npeaoczoAHOifb BanecTBt 
npoAysTa. ^emeBaA pa6oTa o6o8Haui>7B BaAyBaTejiBCTBO,— npoAOi- 
ataeTii anojorerb KOonepaAift, — MOineHHH^ecTBo n AOMOpajiHaai^iHV 
pa6oHaro; tohho Taai, sasi npHBaqsa so asH bb o6aAeaHo& 
»B8HB cBBA^TejibCTByeT'B HOJiHolt HpaBCTBeHHofi AeHopaiHBaii^iH. 
J^emeBHji h^^hh osna^aDTi, B'b 6oJibinefl ub se ai MeHboiefl ore- 
neHH, HBaayD 8apa6oTHyK> nitaxy. nenaxb roioAai BH^eHcraa h 
CMepTH jexHT% Ha sasAoft Aenieaofl Beni.H». OAHaso, BOSBpaTHHcit 
B'B UHit^paiTb. CxaTHCTHBa noBaaaJia, hto b'b AnrjiH sasAua ^erapet 



•) «P. E»., CCXLVnr, 1887, p. 163., CTETba: «The growt* of co-ope^, 
ration in Englancl». 



n3i kBTsm. 135 

THCfl9H ceMefl pa6oHaro uacca yua^HBaDT'b eseroxHO jaBOHHH-^ 
xairb 10 THcaii ^jhtob^ iiph6hih sa ;(00TaBsy ck7AHHz% sanacoBi 
HX'B eRpoMHaro o6Hzo;^a. Rb fo^]^eAMeBCZBXb soonepai^Uxi bca BTa 
cyxMa BoBBpamaeTCA o6paTHO nosynaTeMM'b. Bi> nponuoHi roxy 
B^ AHrjiiHt TaKHiTb ofipasoMi, pa6oHie nojiy^HiH otfpaTHO 6ojrbe 
50 iiHJuioHOBfB py&ieft (5,724,535 ^. cr.)- Bi nponuoMi ro^y SAiu;^ 
6iuo 1453 TasHXi o6iitecTB'b, flaoqHT£iBaBinHX*& 1.378.036 ueiOBi. 
EanHTaJTb o6mecTBa xocTHrai^ 15,367,319 $. ot. Ohs npoAajH 
TOBapoBiHa 36.942.030 ^. ct. Ufi^pj npH6iue& a uphboahjtb yse. 
SoonepaiVH orpoMByn nacTb cbohxi aozoaob^ y^'ituDTi Ha <BOcnH-' 
TaTeJBHufi ^OHAi». Kas'B yBH^HMfb AajBme, oni npoTflHyjH pyxy 
Trade-Unions, KOTopiurB ojcaaajH CHXBHyD no^epsRy ne pas'B. 
EaMeHOTecH bi BHoesA^ (BajHci), KOTopHe boih 11 nicAqHyD 
6opB6y ch jopAOMi UeHpHHOM'b sa npaBO hh^tb cboA coiosi,— • 
npoxepsajiHCB las'B ^ojro h OAepmajra (SncTaTexBHyiD no^'j^xy, 
MOSAy npoHBHi noTOHy, hto xoonepaiuB nouepsajiH hz%. OH'i xe 
o6imfiijaL oTKpiiTB MexaHHJcaMi, 6opflniHMcfl TenepB 3a BOCBMHiaco** 
Bofi AeHB, xpeAHTi B!B MBJudoHi py6jeft. Basi bhahtc, soonepa- 

TOpH He 8a6HJIH, HTO BaCTaBHJIO BfB 1884 r. COeAHHHTBCa BMiCT'b 
pO^A^tjeBCEHZ'B niOHepOB'E. 

DoHTH OAHOBpeMeHHo (TB pocfAeftjeBCKHMH HOTpetfHTeJiBHBMH o6nie"* 
CTBaMH Mil BH^HMl BOBHHRHOBeHie npoH8BOAHTeiBHO-noTpe6HTejn»- 
wsocb Koonepaiqd 6yiOHHHaoB'B h xejiBHHKOB'B. Easi h wb PoH^efijii^, 
BVh nopoAHia Heyxannafl CTa^osa. Hto^h ojiomhtb cmy 8a6acT0Ba- 
BniBxi, npeAnpHHHMaTeiH noxroBopHJiH 6yj[0HHBS0B*B h xaBO^iHHKOB'B 
He OTnycRaTB pa6oqHirB b^ aojifb. Ochobubba noTpe6HTejiBHO-iipo- 
HSBOAHTejiBHyD soooepai^iK), pa6oqie xot^jih xasse o($e8ne?HTB cetfx 
orB track-system (chctomh pacnjanHBaHia TOBapaun) h otb BiiHys- 
AeHHofl apeHAH soTeAseft y npeAnpHHHiiaTejie&. Bb nacTOflniiee 
BpeMfl roAOBOfi o6opoT'B BTHX'B Kooaepa^ifi AocTHraerB AByx% nBJudo^ 
HOB'B $. CT. Bo rjiasi nxo^ ctoht!B ccoeAHHenHoe rjiacrOBCBoe o6nie- 
CTBo xji£6oneKOBrE>, 76 uenoB'B KOToparo pasA'^i'HJffl MesAy co6oi> 
B% nponuoM'B roAy 27,490 ^. npB6iiJin. Ob 1862 r. KU bhahxi 

BOBHHBHOBeHie If'^^lBrO PHAA HCBJnDWTeJIBHO npOHSBOAHXeJIBHHX'B 

KOonepaii;ift. Oni uovjTb 6uTh pasA^ieHs Ha TpH rpynnH: 1) 06^0** 
CTBa« Bi soTopHxi pa6otie nojiynaDTi ^acTB AHSHAeHTa; 2) BOone- 
pai^iH, wh KOTopiixi pa6oqi6 npBHHicaDT'B BisoTopoe y^acrie vb 
ynpaBjemn A^JtaiCH h 8) BOonepai^iH, ocHOBanHUA ne hoctopohbhhh 
iHi^aicfl, coiyBCTByDHJ^MH pa6o^M%, a cbmemh se npoHSBOAHTeiaicH 
tfesi nocTopoHHet noMon^H. Gi)Aa othocatch Koonepai^iv, opraHHSO- 
BaHHUH noTpe6HTej[BHiiiiH o6Q](ecTBaHH (poHAe&ieBCBaro Tsna). Ha 
nepBuxi nopaxi A^Jia HisoTopiixi Koonepaiofi ittjni Tyro. Eoooepa- 
THBHiift TpyAi Tpe6yeT!B HSB^cTHaro pasBHTia h npOHHKHOBeHia bc^xi 
npoHSBOAHTejiefi cosnaHieiTB o^n^efl hojbsh. Ob pasBHTieM'B HapoA-* 
Haro o6pa80BaHiA, ci> pocTOMi TpBAi-DHioHOBi, cb HaposAeHieH'B 
AenieBofi niapoAHot npeecu, npoBeAmet bi cosHanie MaccH mhofo 



136 P7CCK0B BOrATCTBO. 

cB^Tjinx'b m^ei, ci npHSBameMi hobhxi cioesi K^b o^n^ecTBeHHot 
SB3HH, — nponopi^OHaiBSo BpinjH h pasBBBHjracb soonepaii;iK. Bapo- 
^eirb, y^HTKB opoHSBOXHTeibHEix'E o6n(eoTBi wb nepBEie roxu cyn^e- 
CTBOBaHifl 6hih chaho npeyBBJiHTOHU BparavH bxi. <B£UH hchb- 

CieHU yfiSTKH BCixi 06lI^eCTB'B, HaSBBaBlDHX'b cetffl KOODepai^iHHH, 

npHqeicb He npHHHMaJocb coBepmeHHO bo BEHnaHie, saKjiD^aDTB 
JH OHH vb ce6i KaKofi-HH6y;^L KOonepaTHBHHfi npHHB[HirB Hjra se 
H']tT<&, — roBopHTi FeHpH BBBiaHi. TaK'b, HanpHir6p%, B'b 1883 r. 
6HjrB cocTaBjeffb ciihoobi 224, 6jito 6h, soonepaTHBHHX'B otfn^ecTB'E, 
noHecniBX'b y6iiTBH. Mesxy t^mi, bi btom^ ciracBi (Ssjio Bcero 
jmniB 24 aMctbhtojibho soonepaTHBHHX'b o6ii][.» *;. Co6cTBeHHo ro- 
BopH, npaBHAHafl, desycjOBHO B'itpHafl cxaTHCTHsa cyn^ecTByen^ 
jihihl CO BpeveHH ocHOBaniB €Pa6oHeft accoiuaiaB xu noontpeHlB 
xoonepaTBBHaro npoB8BOACTBa» (cLabour Association for Promoting 
Co-operative Production). €Accoipai^iB» ocHOBaHa bi 1880 r. He- 
cTopoMi BOonepaTBBQaro ^BBseHiji bi Ahfjob, npaBOB^pHiiMfB yne- 
BBBOiTB Oydsa — rojdoBOM%. n^&iB en: 1) nyreirb newTB, pacnpo- 
CTpaneniB jraTepaTypn, HTesiB lesi^ifl b np. nosHaBOMBTb eapoxi 
ci npBHUBnaifB soonepaiofl b cb BiiroAaMB bxi; 2) cox^tCTBOBaTB 

06'BeXHHefliD TpBA'B-K>HiOHOBl B BOOnepaiOfl am BSaBMBOfi nOJIBBB B 

nporpecca; 3) AOCTaBJiBTb BceBOSMOsHiu cB'&A'i^BiB o BOiosesiB 
cyn^ecTBTDniBrB soonepaQit b yqacTByDBiBxi bi hbx'b pa6oHBX'B. 
B% HacTOflBiee BpeMB «Labour Association* coctobti b3% 300 ue- 
HOBi Aft HSi 45 Koonepainft, cocroBfliflX'b bi cbod onepeAB bs^b 

12 TSCflH'B COUOHOBl B BJB^'lDntBX'B SaDBTaJIOirb BfB 360,000 4>. CT. 

B'B npoBUoiTB roxy «Acco^ia^iB> npoua bo wbvb nacTjui AsrjiiB 
6oxie 250 n76jiB?HEtx'B jiesQifi o Boonepai^iBX'B xa BiinycTBia okojo 
50 naM(|)jieTOKB, soTopae pasonuiBCB vb BOjra^ecTBi 250 thca^ 
BBseMBJiBpoB'B. <Pa6o<iaB Accoqiai](La> Bs^aeTi CBOfi co6cTBeHBHfl 
sypsajii cLaboor Copartnership*. Oaa ocHOBajia mbofo hobbxi 
soonepaii;ifi, noAXepsBBaeri bxi bcb^ocbb, AOCTaBjuierB bitb pa- 
6oTy. TenepB oaa CTpoBTOb Aona xia i&oonepaTopoBi **). 



m. 

BoTi TatfjiBua, noBasiTBaDOtaB noioseaie npoBSBOXHTeiBBiix^ 
Koonepaiqd vb flacTOBBKee BpeMB* I^H^pH bsbth bb'b ynoKBByTofi 
yse BHBie 6ponii>pH BBBiaaa. 



*) Henry Vivian, 4:What co-operative Production is doing*, 1897. 
**) Cb. «Twenty-nmtg annual co-operative congreBg», 1897 b Taxxe 
^Labour AnnuaU, 1897. 



HSl AHTJUH. 137 

1883 r. 1893 r. 1895 r. 1896 r. 

"^cio oGmfiCTB'b . . 15 110 155 160 1 

KanHTMi 103,436 639,884 915,302 1,000,000 I ^^^^ ^^^^ 

npoxaHO sa rox'B . . 160,751 1,292,550 1,859,876 2,000,000 > nosasaHa bi 

npH6iiiB ...... 9,031 67,653 94,305 1,000,000 I AyH^ax^ ct 

y(5HTM 114 2,984 2,296 — J 

Bh ^ECJA dTHZ'E o^n^ecTBi ecTB soonepaiuH ^io^hhkob'&, 6ain- 

VaHHHBOB^E, SeCTAHUZ'E J^iXJ, VaCTepOBl, TSanefi, BajflJIBIIlHKOB<B 

cysHa, MezasH&OB'B, bot&ibhhkob'b, neHaTHHsoB'B, qacoBEtzfb a'^j% 
HacTopoBi, HozeB]qHKOB'&,. saMeHBn^HBOBi, nopTHHX'B, ropmeHHH' 
BOB'B, CHpoBapoBi H np. O^Ha Hdi crap'^^fiiiiHX'B Boonepaiiifi 8to — 
re6i(eH6pHAScsoe o6meCTBO Tsanefi 6yMa3eH (Hebden-Bridge Fustian 
ISoclety), BOdHHKinee b'b 1870 r. OchobhoS KanHTaii (Shjii cocraB- 
MWh EVb ueHCKHxi B8H0C0BI no TpH ncHoa. AiarejiBHOCTB Ha 
nepBHX'B nopaxi CBOAHJacB no^TH b'b nyjiD. Eoonepaviiji jihidb pas- 
pisuBajia Coxbmie BycBB 6yMa3eH, saTiM'B noouaia oxHora hsi 
coqjieHOB'B npoxaBaxB hz'b Ha yjiHi^ax^B. CoHyBCTByDH^iji XHi^a h no- 
Tpe6HTej[BHHfl BoonepaqiH abhjihcb Ha noMon^B. B% 1872 r. m% 
1,806 4>* ocHOBHoro BanHTaja pa6oHHirB npHHaAJiesajiH jkhidb 29 4>* 
O^H^ecTBO npHHfljo CHCxeMy yqacTiji pa6oHBn b'b npH^iiJiHrB. Bse- 
xeno 611J10 npaBHio, no BOTopoMy npH6Hn ne BiiAaexca xo t^xi 
noprB, noBa ona ne cocTaBHTB AocTaToraot cyHMu xia npio6p'iTeHiA 
ABaxuaTH naeRB no OAHOMy (Ji>yHTy. PesyjiBTaTii bhahu no qncjy 
naoBi, BOTopne npnnaAJiesaT'B xenepB pa6o?BirB. Bi Boni^i 1896 r. 
noTpe6HTejn>HB]f% Boonepai^iflM'B npHHaAiesaiH 10,655 (j^. ocHOBHOro 
BanBTaia, pa6oHH]rB 8,323 ^. h qacTHHifB jini^airB — * 13,910 ^. 
'06n^ecTBo Bjia^^eT'B TenepB ({>a6pHB0&, xonaMB; exy npHnaAJiesHTB 
6oMhmo1k npyxi h np. Bb Boonepai^iH yqacTByDTB TenepB 332 pa6.9 
BOTopiie Bc6 noj[B8yK)Tca npaBOHi roioca bi npaBJieniH* GpexHEirB 

^HCJIOM'B, BaSAElfl H8l EEVh HlfieT'B HaSB^B Ha 26 4>- 

DocMOTpHifi TenepB, Baa^ BupasaeTcn bi i^Ei({>pax'B nporpeccB 
re6;^6H6pHAscBaro o6n]iecTBa TBa^eft fiyxaeeH. 

1870 95 55 *. 3 $. 

1880 • 384 18,625 > 1,774 > 

^1890 684 38,794 > 3,499 > 

'l892 742 39,578 > 5,118 » 

1896 822 46,862 » 4,829 > *) 



*) Bb 8 J^ sypnaia ,Jiabonr Co-partnership^ sa asrycrB 1897 r. mk 
BaxoxHHB mi4)py) OTHOCflmyK>ca bb tioi^be nosxHeMy nepioxy. 3a nepByx) 
uojOBHHy dToro loxa npoxano (f^pHaaTOBB na 22,499 ^., a npn^HiH noiy- 
•qeHo 2,136 <^. nafln^EH noiynHaH no 1 mnuniniy na ^yet% XHBHxesw 



138 ' P7CGK0B BOrATCTBO* 

B:b dTOMi o6niecTBi He bblfoaho otosbuocb to, hto KanHTars^ 
pa6o^HXfB Ha nepBoe Bpeiui cocTaBxjin jnimB oahh^b npoi^eHTi: ohk 
uoryri nowBaxB roioci, ho ho HoryTi 6htb HB6paHH b*& some* 
Ten npaBieHiH. 3a to nocjrbAHifl cocTonrb HcajuoHHTejiBHO hbi pa- 
Comvb H na&niiHKOBx bi x^B^^Tyn^eirb <A Society* damiiaHHHKOBfB h 
caoosHHKOB'B. 8t& Koonopai^ifl CTa^a Ha hofh caMa, 6edii> nocropoH- 
Heft nouon^H. IIocTopoHHie aRiUouepu HBHiHCb JHmb Torxat Korxa^ 
A&ia HajiaAHJHCii yse Bnorai. Soonepaiyfl BHanaii cocToajia Bcero 
jtEmh Effh 3 uoHOBi, Tenepb vrb TpHcra. Bc/b ohh naflH^HSH. Bs 
anpijtt 1896 r. o6n^ecTBO OTxpiijio CBOft co6cTBeHHaft aejiHBOx&n- 
HHft HarasHHi. Ero MaorepcKia CHa6»eHi2 AopornHH xamHHaMH ho* 
Bifimefi CHCTemi h HacrojibKo npocropnu, ^to Koryri BvicTHTB. 
eo^e 600 HejioBiKi. 

€jIeflCTepcBoe KoonepaTHBHoe o6ni;ecTB0 HyjoHHHKOBii (Hosier 
oo-operatiYe soeielyl ocHOBano bi 1876 r. Bi 1891 r. Bcix'b hm- 
HOBx 6uJio 260, H OHH pasA&iiuH Ke»Ay co6oD 628 ^. hph6hjih,. 
a vb 1896 r. o6nteCTBO nacuTUBajo 660 uenoBi h sanHcajo b-l 
npHzoAi 3,313 ^. ct. hpb6imh. KaR'B h re6AeHtfpHASCSoe o6n](ecTBO^ 
TKa^eft CyMaseH, <Hosier Society> Toze BHanaii ne Aonycaajo pa- 
6oHEX'h ffb xoHHTOTi upaBjeHifl; ho TenepB bto nocTaHOBienie jme 
6ojAe He cyn^ecTByeTi. Otjh^hh A^ft yojiEcajn>cBaro o6iuecTBa 
CJiecapefl (Walsall Padlock Society), ocHOBaHnaro BHanaji^ hciuldhh- 
TejibHO cb n^xbD HOAAepsaTb cTaneHHHKOB'B. npHMips A^ftCTBy* 
DTI sapasHTejibHO. HHTepecHO bha'^tb, KaKab npHHi^Hnii KOonepai^iH 
HaxoAHTi B-B saRojCB HH6yAB ropoA^ Bce 6oiBniee h 6ojiBmee iHCia 
cTopoHHHKOBrb H sazBaTHBaeT'B Bce CoiBmyi) h 6oibniyK) o6iacTb. 
Bo8bMe]f%, HanpHM^pi, JleicTepi. fiHana^'b TaH'b ocHOBaiacb Koone- 
paiuA ^yjioHHHKOBi, BOTopoft H yse roBopHjii BHme; yxa^nan no- 
HHTjia saoxoTHJia Apyrnx'B, h Bcaopi noaBHJiHCB TaiCB se ab^ apTexH 
tfamHaHHHBOBi, A^ia kotophz'B Tose nomiH Bensoji^nHO. Tor^a 
ocHOBaaocB soonepaTHBHoe o6H^ecTBO newTHH&OB'B, soropoe Tose 
6ucTpo CTaao na HorH. THnorpa(|>Ei bohuh bi codsi ci 66n^ecTBOiis 
MexaHHKOB'B H otfpasoBau OAHO <Leic6ster Co-operative Engineers^ 
Society* (JleftcTepcsoe soonepaTHBHoe o^n^ecTBO MezaHHKOB'b). 
ycnirb o6H](ecTBa cofijiasH&jrB jieficrepc&Hxi &aMeHbniHKOB%. To se^ 
sapasHTeAHoe Biianie npHiitpa hu Ha6jiK>xaeM'B vb EeTTepHHrib* 
Eor^a SA^cb ysHajm o Toui, xaKi xopomo ycTpoHjHCb jieftcTepcKie 
6aniHaHHHSH, KeTTepHHrcue canosHHSH ceft^iaci se o6rbeAHHHjnicb 
B'b coDB'B. j;iia HonuH zopomo h boti BosHHsaDT^b KoonepaiuH 

HOpTHHZ^, SaTilTb — KaMOHbHlHBOB'b* HySHO CSasaTb, HTO Kb Kax- 
AOMl H8% dTHZl rOpOAOB'b cyD^eCTByK>T% tioraTUA nOTpe^HTeJUHHH 

o6ntecTBa (poHAefijeBcsaro THna), KOTopiiH osasiiBaDTi BceBosiiosp 
Hoe coAiftcTBie BOSHHsaDHpiirb npoBBBOAHTeAHHifb otioi^ecTBairb. 3a- 
T&cb, Koonepai^iH noKoraDrb xpjrh xpyry. EeTTepHHrcaie BaMeHb- 

H^HBH, HanpHMipi, BHCTpOHlH HaraSHHl H MaCTepCKyD KUL MiCTHOft 

soo^epaI^H nopTnux'b. He Tasi a&bho emfi JIohaohi nasiiBajiH cThe 



£31 AHTIIH. 13d 

cooperatiYe desert*, soonepaTHBHofl nycTHHefl. Tenepi, OAHaso, dxa. 
<desert> Ha^HHaera osHauTBCfl. Upo^Ho CTaja na hofh H']tcTHa8 
soonepaqui nepeajoTmoBi (London Go-operatiYe Bookbinders), xota 
ona cymecTByexi juniB^AeciiTL jrbTB. cioHXOHCKie nepenjeT«iHKB»^ 
yA^javrb snaHHTejBirjrD nacTb cbohx'b npB6uieft vh csocnHTa- 
TejBHiifi 4^oHxi». Ohh — caMHe ycepXHue noctoHTejiH BOJBHaro ynn^ 
BepcHTeTa, hto sa OpMOHAi-CTpHrb (Working men's college). Bj[ecTa-> 
mfi Bexexi Tasse cboh ji%ja cJIoHAOHCRaa KOonepaiti£KoseBHHsoBii> 

H <0OK>8% MeZaHBBOB%». Bl OOCJliABee BpeM£ CODBl KaMeHBlI^HBOKB. 

BacHBTUBaeT'B 6ojLie 800 ^eJOB^K^E. Orpounoe SHa^iOHie m^sl npoaa* 
BOABTOjefi BMiio yqpesAeflie b^l JIobaoh^ i^syx's o6n^eOTBi: cGoope- 
rative productive federation » (aoonepaTBBBafl npoBSBOAHTeiBHaa <|^ 
Aepai^iii) b cCo-operative Institute Society> (aoonepaTBBHoe ynpcAH-^ 
TeJbBoe o6ni[ecTBo). <$eAepaAia> nocTasHJia ce6i q,ijibX): l)pacnpo- 
crpaHBTb MesAy noTpe6BTejBSiiMH o6niecTBaMB Tarn HasHBaeuHft 

«list>, T. e. CHBCOKl Bctel BOB^et, HBFOTOBJUeilUX'b npOBSBOAHTejEB-^ 

HUMH o6ni(ecTBaHB, cb o6o8Ba<ieHieMi u^iwh; a^a aroro, cnei^iajiBHtie 
areHTH o6ii8»aE)rs Bcb MacTepcua, Tas'B hto KOonepaTopii HoryTOk 
BxoABTB vb BenocpeACTBesHua oTHomeBia Cb hbhb; 2) ycrpofiCTBO 

BUCraBOBl, Ha B0T0PUX^ MOFIH 6u 6HTb dSCDOHflpOBaBH ^a6pHBaTH 

Bcixi BpoBBBOABTejbuiix'b o6ntecTB'b. cinslitute Society» ycTpOBJia 
B<b JoHAOHi i^eHTpajrbBbifl MarasBH'b am npoAasH Ben^efl, HsroTOBieH- 
Huxi EoonepaTopsMB. 

HHTepecBoe asjieHie cpeAB soonepaTopoBi cocTaaiaeTib tJSeH- 
csaa BOonepaTBBHaa rHJn>Aia» (Women's Co-operative Guild), cods'b 
pa6oTHBi^, BXOAan^ifi bi accoAiaKiD n ApyraifH aHaiorB^Hiufa o6- 
n^ecTBBMB. <rBabAia» cootobt'b Tenepb bso^ 223 oTA'l^eHift (branches) 
H HacTOTUBaeTrb 6oaie 10,555 U6hob%. Bo raas^ bc&xi OTA^ie* 
HiB HaxoAHTca AeHxpajibHuft kombtoti,* BsSapaeMBfl eseroAso. H^JOy 
frBjbAifl>: 1) nosHaKOHBTb seHn^BHi, aaai cb Toopiefi BnpaaTHBOft 
soonepai^ifi, xasi h crb apf^^b coiUajn»HHMB pe^opaaHH Bucmaro 
nopBAXa H 2) yjyqmHtb ycjiOBia AOMamset sbshh pa6o'Uix'b. Tejib- 
Aia uojiaraen, ^to noioseaie vysiEHH, sasi Ao6aBaTejia cpeACTso^ 
Bfb sasBB (wage-earner), SHaqHTeibHO yjiyHniHTca, ocjib seHnnHHii 
HayqaTca BaB6ojiie i^']tJiecoo(!pa8HO xpaTHTb sra cpeACTsa. TajibAia 
peaoHeBAyerb seaii^flHairb fcraHOBBTbca naflo^ai^aMB noTpe6BTejib-^ 
HHx:b o6nKecTB'b, opaBBMaTb yqacrie arb A^axfb bxi, noayaaTb jiamb. 
apoAyKTu, asroTOBjeBHue TpeA'b-nnioHaiui, HBca^ecsH araTflpoaaTK 
B'b aoibBy (f»a6pBqHaro saaoHOAaTejibCTBa, aiiton^aro Js,iihM> sania- 
TBTb sesn^BBy pa6oTHBity> ♦). Bb sBAy nociiAaaro, MHOria ynacT- 
HBAU <seHCKoft raabAifl* Tn^aTejbao asyiaDirb nojiosEeHie patfoTaai^'b. 
B'b Aarjiifl, acHjiflni[a AJia 6^Mflux'b a A^AcTBie saaoHOBfb o 6%ahhx'& 
(poor laws). ^BaAABTb naib ueaoB'b €rHabAifl>, n tod ae aIibk), sa^ 
HflMaDTb Tenepb bo^ <cob£t'& rpa({>CTBx> amsbocth Taai nasu-^ 

*) Labour Annual, 1897, p. 122. 



140 FyOCKOB BOrATGCBO. 

BaeuHX'b <poor law guardian8>. TashjiiE co6pajia Haccy Kaiepia- 
jLovh^ KOTopue coCdSf sarB otjih^htd cjiys6y Cjxjmfiuj BasoHOAa- 
Tem. Bb 1896 r., HanpHH^p'B, KoppecnoHAeHTn <rHji>Ain> ocmo- 
^pixB H noApo6Ho onHcajH 457 4mi6phk'B, b| ROTopaxi pa6oTaiDT'B 
72 TBCfl^n senniHErB. (cAnnual Reports, p. 46). IIoKa, crBjbAUi^ 
He HMieT'B en^e caoero sypHajia; bi HSWHiH KOonepaTopoBi efi nps- 
HaAJesHTii jiHiBB oTA^'B, Hocflii](ifi HasBaaie <Woman's Comer». 3a 
TO, €TiiLjhfi}A> eseroABo nsj^aeTii uaccy naM^iexoB^b b 6poniE)p%, 
flsi KOTopiixi nisoTopHH BpespacBO cocraBjeHH *) $ohau vujh^ 
He BejraBH. FjaBHUMi o6pa3ou'B, obh coctoht'b evb ueftcRHXB bsho- 
i^ovb (1—2 mHjMHHra wb FDA's), hbi Bnpy^KH ox's opoxasH jhtb- 
paxypu H ycTpofiCTBa BenepoBi, hsi nacTHHX'b nosepTBOBamfl h 
np. B'B 1896 r. aozoa'b rHjBAiH cocraBjiHXB 312 (j). 18 hi. 3 n. Ho 
Ha 9TH ue6QXbTma cpeAcxBa rBJBAifl A^JiaeirB o^esB hhofo: OHa ot- 
spHBaeTi cBcxeMaTHqecKie KypcH Teopia Koonepauift, Baiiifi hh- 
^aerB b'b paaJiH^Hun ropoAaxab njbjnii paA'B o6nieo6pa80BaTejiBHHXi> 
aesmft, ycTpasBaerB K0H4>epeHi]^iB, jHTepaTypHiie ]uy6ii, oeMOfiHue 
Be^epa au patfoTHHi^'B-uaTepeft h np. 

R yse H'bcBOiBRo pasi ynoMHHajTB, ?to soonepauiH TpaTATi 
BHaHHTejiBHyH) TOGTB cBOHxi AOxoAOB'B Ha o6pa80BaHie fl pasBHTie 
i^BOBZ'B couenoBi H xbrei hxi h Ha noAHHTie bxi HpaBCTeeHHaro 
ypoBHB. B'B nponijoHii roAy TaBHiifB o^pasoiTB, BaTpaneHO 6iiJio 
42 TucfltiH 4^. CT. CMOxpji no cpeACTBam cbohmi, soonepaiiiH 
YXbiADTh eserOAHO otb 1 (|)« ct. ao 2000 ^. b<b cBOcnHTaTeJiB- 
HEifl $0HA'B». Hai OTieTB, npo^HTaHHaro cneipaiBHSM'B BOimxe- 
TOiTB Ha 29 BOHrpecci EOonepaTopovB, bbaho, tto 153 ofiniecTBa 
JA^-UUB Meate 60 $. bi ro^B, 39— oitb 50 — 100 $., 30 o6niecTBi — 
OT^B 100—200 4>* niecTB Boonepaipft a^jotl eseroAHO na o6pa30- 
BaTejiBHHH Jifbsii 6ojAe 1000 iffi Ma MoaseiTB naiiiTHTB xpH rjaBHUxi 

TeHSHia B'B CHCTeM'Jt BOCHHTaHifl, — rOBOpHTtB AOKlBA'iHB'B: 1) CTpeM- 

MHie nyxeMi jeBi^ifi, Be^epnnx'B KjraccoB'B, pacnpocTpaseHui jtHxe- 
paxypii, nponaraHAH na MHTHHrax^ h np.— pacnpocrpaHBTB BHanie 
npHHi^HaoBi B HeroAOBi Boonepai^ifi; 2) CTpeiuieHie nyxeiTB yfiSBep- 

<^HTeTC&BX'B H HaCTHUX'B JI6B^ifi, Be?epHHrB H AHeBHHX'B mfiOJI'B, 

<{B6jioTeBfB nocTOBHHEix'B H nspeABHSHBix'B, — AocTaBBT'B 06^06 o6pa- 
BOBanie h 3) sejiaBie AaxB couenaM^B h a'^thitb BXh pasynHUH h 
noxesHHH pasBjie^eHiH. Ob btoA i^'iiBX) o6n^eoTBa ocHOBHBax>T'B hh- 
TBJiBHH, cnei^iaiBHue HHTBHrH, <tea meetings*, BOHi^epiH, hoihth- 
HecBie H iHTfpaTypHHe zxj6u, uy6i ajui opraHaBai^iH ho^bao&'b 
<rambling clubs) *), Bax'fai'B xopii, BposeTHiie luy^H h np. Ha 



*) TaBOBu HSAaHHHfl Bi sponuoiTB roxy tipoonopH: «The History of 
the Poor-law* (HcTopin sasoHft o 6*^11x1), «Wliy working women need the 
Tote» (IIo^eMy pado^efi seHB^HHi Heo6xoAH]fO npaso rojioca B'B BHOopaxi), 
<The life of a Weaver*. (3Kh3hb TKa^a), <Working Day in the Home>, 
<Pa(k>^ AeHB AOMa), etc. 

**) Ha KoonepaTHBHuxB na^aiaxi npeAnpHHH]iaK)TCfl bo^babh b% riy6B 



H81> AHrilH. 141 

HETaAHH H 6H6jiiQTeKH Kooiiepaii;iH bi nponuoMx roAy HspaczoAO- 
BMB 16.607 4>* PasBHTie soonepaTopoB'b 6iicTpo noABHHyjiocB Bue- 
pejCB CB T'i^L'B HOP'S, sas^ BOonepai^iH npoflBHjiH CBJBHoe tafo- 
T^Hie K*B poACTBeHHOuy, vb cyn^HocTH, HHCTHTyTy, KfB oniyersity 
extension. 

cOcHOBHOfiTOH'BHamero CTOiiTui: AeKospaTia h BaaHMonoMon^B, — 
CRasaJEi OAHHi uBi opaTopoB'b Ha B0H(i)ep6Hii,iH unirersity extension 
vb OKCtj^opAit, 4 aBrycxa Broro ro^a. Kasi aooaepai^ia, Tas'B h uni< 
yersity extension o6a HacTpoeHH flMOHHO na btoti toh*b». Aajite 
opaTop^B ysasaJTB naTO, sasoe orpouHoe SHa^enie npBAaBajH o6pa- 
BosaHiD nepBue npoBOSBicTsHBH aooHepaTHBHaro ABQseHiji m 
AnrjiiH. Ohh abejecb nioHepaMH bi yHpesAeeiH bojbhux'b 6H6iio- 
Teai, pacnpocTpaHHTB KOTopsa bsajhcb TenepB HyHBi^HnajiHTeTH. 
OflH se noonipaiB TexBH^ecsoe ofipasoBaHie sa xojiro ao tofo, 
Kaa^ 8a bto bbajibcb cob£th rpa^^cTsa (county coundls). TenepB 
aoonepai](in aoishk aBHTBCA BnHroHaiCH npoBOSBicTHEKOBi: owk 
AOjIShh AftTB TOJiqes'B BucmeMy ofipasoBaniK), HOCHTejieicB soToparo 
HBiaeTca Uniyersity Extension. MHoria soonepai^iH h bx Hacroaniee 
yse BpeMa sbbo saHHTepecoBaHu BOjBHHifB yHHBepcHTeTOll^. 
Bb OjiBAraM^, HanpHHiprB, na Jieai^iH sanBcajiocB 6ox^e 1000 cxy- 
AeHTOBi pa6oHHX'B. Bi ToAvopAeH'b soooepai^ia Bsaia na cete b(A 
pacxoAQ no ooAepacaHiK) JieaTopoB'B, h saT^ifB oTaps^a cBo6oAHuft 
XOCTyni vb ayAHTopiD ji^ Bcixi sejiaDn^HX'B. Bi retfAeni-EpHAsi^ 
vh BojTOHi, KB IIjiHMyi4 H BO HHOFHX'B Apymxi M^CTaxi KOonepaD,iH 
oaasajH Uniyersity Extension cnjiBHoe coAUcTBie. 

Uniyersity Extension h aoonepaiUH coAaiH TcoepB Apyrb APT^ 
pyKH H BBaHMHo ijfjTb npecjfbxoBaTB o6mji> nfkxb: pasBBTie bi 
couenaxi Tixi* bucdibxi HAeajosi, tiesi aoTopux's ne noserB 
cymiecTBOBaTB he HopvajbHoe HejoB^^iecBoe otfn^ecTBO, he pasyMHOe 
c^acTBe, — npE^aBEJi'B xpyrofi opaTopi, MapsHSi Phhoh'b. H Ha. 
K0H4>epeHiuH 6um noAQHcaHa csoero po^a ynia Mesxy AByica poA* 

CTBeHHlUfE ABHSeHiflMH. BoO^H^e, 0KC4K)pACBift yHEBepCBTeT'B, M^CTa 

posAenia tUniyersity Extension moyement>, BrpaerB lenepB BEAHyiv 
pojiB vb HCTopiH KoonepaTBBHaro ABHSeHia. 

IIoifHMo yHEBepcBTercKHxi E qacTHHrB lesi^ifi, o6padOBaHiK> ho- 
jioAHxa^ KoonepaTopoBi coAMcTByerb xaBse mhofo to, ^to y nacTE 
6hjio tin HaBBBHo spysBaMH caMopaBBHTia. BoJiBuieK) ^acTBX), spysaa 
BTH ycxpaEBaDTOH couenaifH b'b neOojiBniHX'B, He6oraTiiX!B Koonepa- 
luaxif HaxoAan^flzcfl wb rjiyxflX'B npoBEHiMajEbHux'B ropoAax'b, HHOPAa 
ABjeao on sejiibsHHX'b Aopon. B^ aHniftcsoA jiHTepaTyp'b otohb 
MHoro npexpacHo cocTaajieHHBX'B bhetb a^h caMopaBBETia. BsAHoe 
MiicTo cpeAH BEVb 8aHEMaeT<b <MaBCEMjiiaHOBCKafl> aoueuiia, «Eng- 



CTpaHu, Ha 6eper& xopa, na o. Mam eis se Ha soHTHHeHTb. OcoticEHa 
xiiiTenHoe y^acTie b% ycTpoflcTBi TasBxi dBcaypcifi npHSHEaerb jioh- 
XOHcaiA cnojmTexHHKyicb*, aoTopHft Bosarb eseroAHo Bd^caoibKo TucxH'b 
oonepaTopoB'b bi IIlBefiaap\K> DapHsi, na o. Maxepy h t. a. 



142 PFCCKOE BOTATGTBO. 

lish Citizen series^. 3a'6cb ms Haxcj^mrb tombbh^ TpasTyDiiiie o BoeirE 
ToiTB, HTO Heo6xoxHMo 3HaTb aHrjilficsoMy rpasAaHHHy: o i^eHrpaxB'- 

C(0M1B npaBHTOJEBCTBi, DpaBaX'b H 06fl3aHH0CTflrL aHrjH^aHHHa^ 

061 H36BpaTeju>HOM'B npaB'b h saBOHOxaTejEBCTB^, HicTHoiTB cavo* 
ynpaBieuiH, o6i OTHomeHiH rocyxapcTBa b% Tpyxy, b% seMeAHOny 
Bonpocy H B^ i^epKBH H np. Bon sa dxHZ'b to oepiaxi h bocbhth* 
BaiDTCfl KOonepaTopii b'b rjyxHXi ropoxax'B. 06uKB0BeHH0, sto 
BsaHMHoe yqeaie npoflcxo^BrB Ta&«B. Epysos'b aoonepatopoBrb co6h- 
paercfl BenepoMi nocjA paSoiu bi jixjOi (Cesi nocjri^ABiiro HHsaaoft 
^mrjraqaHBH'B ho noseT'B jkbtl: JopAU h HflQiie, yneHue h hbboh^hbb, 

BSpOCJIUe H A^TH, BM'IdT'B CBOH BJiyfin). KT0-HH6yAB HB'b pa6o?BX'b 

nooHepoAH ^BTaeTi BCJiyx^ Baayio-HHfiyAB BHHssy bbi HasBauHoft 
<;epiH. BcBsid, soiry xaRoe jih6o m^cto ho noHATHo, hjeh se, sto 
sejiaerb boabatb BonpocB no noBoxy Kasoro-HH6yAB nyHSTa, npo- 

ISHTB HTeim OHOpKHyTB M^OTO B'B BHHrb; BaT^Ml HTOBie opoAOJisaeTCJi. 

E^B BOHi^y Be^epa, Bci onepBHyTHJi Hicxa npocMaTpsBaioTca, ch- 
trreMaTB3flpyx)TCH, npo^BTHsaDTCA bhobb b npocBBniBM^B o^epsayTB 
npexJaraeTCJi boahbtb xeCaTH. KoonepaTopa iK)6aT% BTyCHCTeny) 
BOTOny HTO oHa Be npepuBaeri ^ealH. 

Si cBBBajii yse o6<b oahou'b uoryqeiTB codsbbb^ Roonepamift; y 
HflX'B TenepB ecTB enie Apyrofl, He Meuie CBJiBEiift, xotb b^b ApyroMi 
poA"^: Trade-Unions, pa6o^e codsu. Yse MHOro jfbrB bosah o^ohxi 
ABBseniA dHepra^HO nponoB^ATDT'B Heo6xoAHMocTB TibcHaro ooDsa. 

f npHMafl 06<3aHHOCTB BOOnepaTOpOB'B H TpdA'B-DHiOHHCTOB'B BOMOraTB 

H DOAAepsBBaTB BCB^ecBH ApyrB Apyra, — qsTaeui uu wb npeao- 
cxoAHOfi JieKi^iH BeaTpBCU *GHAHefi-Be66'B tThe Relationship between 
Oo-operation and Trade nnion]8m>. EoonepaTOpi pa6oHifi, BOTopud 

He COCTOBT'B B^B TO Se BpOHJI qjOHOM^B CBOOFO TpBA^DHiOHa — 

rp%niBT*B npoTBBrB bc^zi nyHBTOBi BaTexasMa BsaHiionoMoniB. 
TpsA'B-iOHioHHCT'B, He npBHHMaK>n^ifi ynacTia B'B BOonepai^iH, — caxi 

BKe BJiaAOTl HOBHA SaBaeBBH Ha CBOH I^i^HH... BOSAB TpeA^-DHiOHOB'B 

B BOOnepaTHBHaro ABBsemB, C!B MHuioHaMH couenoB'B, HMixyrB 

BnepeAH fijiarOpOAHHa I^iJIB, BlBOTOpUH'BHHlCltAyeT'BCTpeMHTBCB. 

EcjiH OHH CTanyTi bbbbmho noAAepsBBaxB Apyr^B APyra, — «8weating 
«y6tem» (t. e. CBCTOMa noniTyHHoi paCoxu hb AOMy, AftK)niaA 

B03M0SH0CTB CTpamHO BBCBJiyaTHpOBaTB pa60HHX'B) 6yAeT% OBOHHa- 
TejBHO HSrHBHa H3*B CTpBHCI, B Hpe3M%pH0 BpOAOJSHTeJIBHHfl pa6o- 

mi AeHB H Apyrifl 4>opMH npoMHmjeHHaro nopa6on^eHU CAi^jaDxca 
t^OBepmeHHO BeBosHosHHirB BBjeHieni. Godbi aoxsohi 6htb ocho- 

BBHl Ha BSaBVHOM'B yBBSOHiB UpflEI^HnOB'B, HB BOTOpHXl AepSHTCH 

BasABH H31 AByxi opraHflBaKifi. BeS'B btofo hhrbboB nporpeccB ne 

BOBMOSOBl. C0K)3'B VeS^y B00aepaTBBHHM«B ABHXemeM'B B TpSA'B- 
DHlOBBBHOlll AOJSOHl 6hTB nOX03B^ HB BAeBABHIlfi 6paB^, B'B 
SOTOpOKl BBSABB HB'B CTOpOHl yBBaUierB HHAHBBAyajBBOCTB Apyr!B 

Apyra, HO, B'B TO 3Be speMa, coo6nia crpeifaTCfl B'B OAHoft i;iiB>. 
TaB'B DBCBAa GBAHefi Be66'B vh 1892 r. TenepB ne HysHO yse 



ISSFb AHFUH. 143 

<$ojiie AOKaaiiBaTB hh soonepaTopaiTB, he Tp9;^'E-DHioHHCTav% ne- 
06ZOAHUOCTB coDsa. Aymnwb AosaaaTencn^Boirb ToMy KOser& cxjxan 
noMoiQB, osasaHHafl ^eHpHH^all'&• 

TaRHiTb o6pa80H*&, soonepaTHBHoe XBBseHie b<& Asvm o6im,9,- 
en npeBpaTHTi»ca vh Morynifi nOTORi, ex r^vh nopi, saai bi 
oAHOMi pycjii cjiHjracB Tpa Te^eeifl: 1) noTpe^HTeiBHHfl Koone- 
pai^iH poHxeflJieBcsaro THna, 2) Tp9Ai*K>HioHH8irB h 3) Uniyersity 
Extensioii. 

IV. 

^ npH OTspsTiH npasAHHKa BOonepaTopoKB Phbci He 6en ocho- 
Banifl CBaaajTb, hto oh'l BBisercR npexcTaBBTejieiTB crpaHH, boto- 
pyD jiBOiB sicBoiBKO ue^iJih Touy Hasax'B SHan tojbso no oxHOMy 
BaBBamio. BHesaiiHHfl HHrepecx b*& aeft Bos^yxnjrb 6pHjiiiaHT0BHft 
«)6BJefi. Torxa npenBepH AajesHxi sojiOHift npoHSBejiH vh JlouiovA 
TBBoe se bnenaTj^Hie, RaB7» ^paHHJiHHi bo speMfl cBoero npi-bsAa 
vh napHsi wh 1776 r. IIy6j[BKa cb BOcroproiTB yBH&ia o tout, 
HTO AaJCRo 8a OBeaHoirB BHcrynsjio Ha apeny shshh nojioj^oe o6- 
H^ecTBO, KOTopoe BOcnojBsoBajiocb OHHToiTb cTaparo cB^xa n p^nni- 
jiocB cjri^AOBaTB, noBTOHy, HOBUiTB nyreMx. UocA d^hjoa Ho- 
Byn Sejianj^iD ne 8a6iuH. HaofiopoTi, otfcroflTeiBCTBa cjoshjibob 

TBR'B, TTO ee BCHOMHHaJIH HB OABHIi paSX. UpeKpaTHJiaCB OAHH- 

BawaTflirJtcHHHax CTaua b*b BBoeni (Bajnici); BJiaA'i^jrmii ue- 
xaHH«iecBHxi saBOAOBi ycrpoHXH loek-out (pasc^eTi saCacTOBaB- 
marbX Rorxa pa6otie noTpetfoBaiH BocBMH?aooBaro xha — h 
npecca BcnoMHHja HoByv) 3ejraHAii>, rx^ cranH lock-out Te- 
nepb HeBosifosHH, a BOCBMHqacoBufi pa6oHifl jievb BBeAeHx BCK>xy« 
yicepi 6HBinifi mhhhctp'l rjaAcroHOBCsaro BafiBHexa ^sohi Myn- 
Aejjuk, HHTaBHiiftcfl ycTanoBHTB npH MBHHCTepcTB'i npoMiimjieHHO- 
^TH TpeToflcBifi cyA% Aifl pimeHiji HexopaByHWfi Mesxy HpeAnpn- 
HHnaTejAiiH H paiiSoqBMH, — ^h ooatb bc% BcnoMHHjra HoByv) SeiaflxiK), 
rji^ 8TH TpeTeflCBie cyxu x^bfiCTByiorB npeBocxoxHO. BiimejrB ot- 
nevh HjiaHeBHOHi nojioseniH BeMJiex^Jiix b«b AHrjnH, o qpeBMibp- 
HoiTb pocT^ apeHXHot HjaTH, — H onflTB BaroBopuH BeuenHim 
pei|K)pMaz'B vh Aajiesofi rojiohIb. Gjobomi, HoBaa SeiaHAui Bcno- 
itHHaeTCA ?acT0. HasoHeiti, Ha npas^^HHB'it RoonepaTopoB*B Phbctb 
43aiiBHJii| HTO KoonepaTHBHoe XBHsenie saxBaTHJO Mon^HiufB hoto- 
Komi ero po^^nyn CTpany* MhI Kaseroi, noBTOMy, hto mmTexn 
<PyccKaro BoraTCTBa» HBHero He 6yAeTi hm^tb, ccih a nooTapaDCB 
Bi bfiniHX'B ^epTaxi nepex^TB noaoseeie btoA HnrepecHofi aoJiOHiH, 

A> KOTOpOfi rOBOpHTTB TaSl UHOFO. 

HoBafl SejiaHAiH — jsfin ocrpoBa, jsfesan^ie coBepmeHHO o6o- 
co6jeHHO on ocrajBHoro xipa h onojicanHiie ke tojibso mo- 
peifB, ho em,e h oaeaHOH'B. OcipoBa sth ppoxoiroBaTH, ro- 

PHCTH, Heo6lIKHOBeHHO SBBOHHCHtf) a XXHHaTB HXl yAHBHTCJIB^ 



144 P70GE0B BOrATCTBO. 

nut: xflrKifi, xacsannUfi, e^Ba jih fle caiCHfi sxopoBQft b'B' 
idpi. CHepTHOCTB Tenepb He npeBSfliaerB 9,04 Ha Tscaqy. Bojlot- 
uua jiHzopaxBH h oneHB mhofo Apyi'nn 6ojit3Hefi coBepmeHHO He- 

EBBtCTHH. no ftOHTypj H HO 6oraTCTB7 SpaCOB'b OCTpOBa HaDOXHHa- 

¥>rb TypHcraiTB HTajii) hjib se Hmmn. IIoHBa xaen 60—70 6y- 
iDuefi sepna ci aBpa. Oseci xaexi emfi Jiy qmiit yposat. Hacejie* 
me cocTOHTB EVb 700 THcx^i HejOBisi 6ixavh h hbi 40 — 50 th- 
Cfl^i j(o6poAyniHuxi» HHopoxi^eB'b (MaopHCOBi), soTopue Boero jihidv 
ABa noBOjrfcHifl Tony nasaxi cmruRCh csLVuwb cBHptnuMH jdao- 
ijiaicH Bi> Mipt. Haceienie BLHBeT'B, rjuiBHUirL otfpasoM'b, baojb 6e- 
peroBib; ho ROjoHiH Bcrp'^^^aVoTCJi h BHyrpH ocTpoBa. HoBOseiaHxi^u 
He SBaDn, hto taRoe miJuioHepi; ho hm% neHS^THa vb to so 
BpOMH h KpaltHffH HHH^era. no fioraicTBy, npuoj^qeMyca cpeAHHicb^ 
HBCJLOWh Ha Basxaro o()UBaTejji,— HoBaA SejaHxiH BaHuaen bto- 
poe Micro B% Mipt. Uo sojiHqecTBy se 8apa6oTsoBi eft npHHax- 
jiesHTi nepBoe Micro. HyisHO eni^e npHtfaBHTs, ^to stoti Ma- 

jeHbBifi Hap0X*B BHCORO O^paSOBaH'B. Bb HaCTOflH^ed BpeMH Vh^ 

HBBDiflX'b H cpeffBHX'b * j^eCuwcb BaBeAeHum ^a bi yHHBep- 
CBTeTan BOcnHTiiBaDTCii 150 thca?% DHomefi h ^iTefi. VLvh^ 
HHxi rocyjiapcTBa Bcei^ijo coAepsHTi 0,9. yHHBepcHTeTii, cpex- 
hU yHe6HHfl saBexcHiA h ho^th Bci Ha^aiBHiia niKOjn (0,9) — 
opHHax^esaTi rocyjuipcTBy. OfipasoBanie BCDxy cBo6oAHoe, 6e8njaiv 
Hoe, CBiTOBoe b o6fl8aTejn>Hoe. Oho naxoxHTCfl b'b BixiHiH Micr- 
HHX'B yqeHHsi BOMHTeTOBi Qocal education boards), HS^BpaeMim 
ad hoc. cHapoxi Bpaftne xoposuirb cBoeft cHCTCMofl o6pa8oBaHui^ 
H rope TOMy, bto noBycHTCB Ha Hee», iHTaeMi mh y o^Horo hb^b 
HoBO-sejiaHACBBrE ny6jiBUflCT0B'&. Bi HoBoft SejiaHAtB seHii](HHu 

nOXB8yK)TCfl BCiMH DpaBBMH, MOSXy HpOHHMl, H HBtfHpaTeiBHHMH. Bl 

yHHBepcHTeTan seHniHHH Morynb noayTOTB Bci creneHH napasHi 
ci MysqHHaMH. «Ba bbxhto, — roBopHTi Phbci, — ^to y HacB he 
ojkBEi yieHHfi opaTop'B He mofb 6ii, xote 611 xase h bi uthhcboS 
piw, cpaBHHTB crpeMJieHiH senH^EHi, xo6HBax)H^BxcH npasB bi 
yEHBepcBTcTi, ci (SimeHOTBOM'B, xoTopoe nopofi oxBaTHBaeTi co- 
6aB'b». (noxoteoe cpaBHenie cxixaai bi^ Mai btofo roxa oxhh*b hs*b 
yicEHxi xoKTopoBi KeM^pExscKaro yHEBepcETeTa). 

cBoraTCTBO HoBOfi SeJiaHXiH BCHEeXEeTCE BI 200 MHUiOHORB 4>. 

CT. R nox^epBHBax) bto olk^TOflTexBCTBO, — HBmeT'B oxHffB m% Miciy 
HHX'B ny6xHi^HCT0FBy — j^Ms Toro, too6h bu BHxi.nr^ hto, xoth mu 

H CXiiaJIB HiCBOXBBO CMiXHX'B pe^OpM'B (HiKOTOpHe HaSUBaDTB EXS 

xaase 6e8yMHiiMH), ho othdxb ho nocTynajE Ha o6yMi. & xyiiaK),, 
BH caME HoftMere^ qro CTpana, BOTopaa ho^te bce cocTOErB bsv 
cocTOATeJBHHX'B jUDxofi, HO cTaHe*FB HiyTETB myxoBi (is not likely 
to play ducks and cbracks) ci naiuoHaiBHHM'B 6oraTCTBOM<B> *). 

BOJEBOIBHCTBO pC^^OpM'B 61110 HpOBeXOHO B'B HOBOft SojaHXiE B'B HO-^ 



*) «Eeform and Experiment in New-Zealand:^, p/21. 



HSl AHTJUH. 145 

cjiiXHifl naTB Arb. H npes^e rocyxapcTBo 6hjo sa^cb cairairB 
jLpjnBuwb seicjieBiax'i^jcbi^eirfi, a noTOvy camofB KpynHUM'B nojiyHa- 
TeieifB apeHAHOft njiaTEr^ h npesAe npasHTencTBo abjuiocb so^th 
HcuionTei&HiiM'B noApaX'iBROirb npH patioTarB. H npesAe eny 
upiiHaAJiesaJia HHHipaTHBa vh a^^ BOcnBTaHifl. rocyxapcTBy He 
nprna^jesajH iHmB noHTa xa xaasH (co60TBeHHOCTB tipHTaHcsaro 
npaBHTejDbCTBa), sa to oho Bcei^&io BjaAijio TOjerpaij^aMH h bcjih* 
jiOjAnHOfl GHCTeiiofi Teje4>0H0B'B, KOTopae CBABtisaDrB b(A nacejreH- 
HUfl irbcTa. SarbifB, rocyAapcTBO HORonojiHSHpoBajio CTpaxoBsy 
SH3HH, sanHTajiovB H ncyH^ecTBa. EMy me npHHaxJiexajiH (sa hb^- 

TOXHHKH HCUDieHUlMH) BC£ SeJI^HHa AOpOFB Ha OCTpOBBll. Ilpa- 

BHTejrBCTBeHHHii seHenHEUi noTapiaiBBiui soHTopu (Gtoyemment 
Land Transfer OfBces) CBepioaDTi hohth Bct Rynniii sptaociH h 
uepexaTOHHHji sanHCH b'b HoBOi SeJiaHAin. FocyxapcTBO mohohojh- 
sHpoBajo xaRse A^i^BHocTB noB'&poHHHX'B, HacTHHZ'B oneayHOBB H 
KypaTopoBi y^esAemeui oco6eix^ xenapTaMeHTOBi, HasnBaeiCHX'B 
co6n^ecTBeHHHMH noBipeHHHMH> (Public Trustee offices). Hm'b ho- 
pynaeri CBoe HM^Hie Bcaaift, npeAuoHBTaDiuifi rocyAapcTBesHsro no* 
B^peHHaro — HacTHony. < Public Trustee > nepeAaH)Tcii HMisiji jihi^'b, 
He ocTaBBBoiHX'B Ay^oBHaro saBtn^aHiii, ecjB nacjiixHHBH ocTaBHJU 
HoByn SeiaHxiH) hjib se eon obb nacrojiBBO 6e88a6oTHia, hto ne 
B3H1H BBOM BO Bjaj^^Hie. Public Trustee xpannrB Tauce saBin^a- 
Hiii, nosa He abbtch nacjiiAHBR'B. £My nopynaeTCfl ynpaBjienie hh^- 
HieiTB fiesyHHaro. < A hhcbojbso ne npeyseiB^y, — saii^ueTrB luiTHpy- 
eirafl BHme asTopi, — cisasaBB, ^to bi HoBoft SejuHxin Public Trustee 
aBUercA A^ficTBHTejTBHHirB ApyroM'B BAOB-B H CHpoTi. Public Trustee 
HBRorxa He y]iHpaeT*B; ohi* HHsdrAa ne MoserB coAth ch yua, 

yisaTB nOTHZOHBKy; OfiaHSpOTHTBCfl, CJOBOM'B, HHROFAa He MOSeX'B 

CTaTB noB^peHHUMi), soTopoMy Bu 6ojLie ne BlpHTe». (ib. p. 22). 
^Public Trustee offices* HacTOJiBso nouyjapuH, qxo bi hxx Btjcbuiu 
naxoxHTCfl 6oji4e, h^hi Ha iVa MHjjiona ^. ct. Btfyn^ecTBa. Bc^an 
y^fpexACHlH cyn^ecTBOBajH yme hatb ji^tb Tovy nasa^'B, xo na^aja 
pe<{>opMaiuoHHaro nepioAa. TaanirB oGpasoirB, Haceieaie 6uio noA* 
roTOBjeno si HOBOBBeAemHMf . Oho npBBUKjo B'B BM^maTejBCTBy 
rocyAapcTBa, kofae A'&Jio baoti 061 o6nieii'B 6jiar:b. Bb 1891 roAy 
npoHSoniJio CAauie h^cbojbbhx'b napTift: «pa6oqaa opraHH3aAUi» 
coeABHHxacB G% cHOBoft pa6o?eft napTiefi» b co CTapiiMH JB^epajaiiH. 
Bo FJUkB^ dToro CHXBHaro coDsa ctbjtb dHoprHTOHfl A'i^BTejB--^Saji- 
jiaRCB. CojioHeHHua rpynau BUCTyiiHJiH bi oapjiaHeHT^ cb ninposHMH 
opraHHsamoHHUifH ujiaHaMH. IlepBofi pe<t)opMo& 6hm noHHTsa CAt- 
jiaTB rocyAapcTBO eABHCTBenHUH'B BUAasaTejeMi (|>epHepaii'B HezKBxi 
H spynHHX'B ccyAB. ?fiSk roAa Tony uasaA^ npomeJ'B saKOHt, koto- 
pnifB rocyAapcTBo ynojiHOMO^HBaercH CBepmBTB BH^niHifl saeifB au 

TOrO, HTO61I HMi^TB BOBMOSHOCTB BUAaBaTB CCyAH* PcSyjIBTaTH 

6iiKB HeHOAJieHHu: npoAeuT'B na xanBTaJi'B ynaji'B cpasy. BTopoft 
pe<|)opMofi orpoM Hoi BasnocTH 6£uo BBOAenie hoboA CHcrexii sexeiB* 

Aft 9. 0«xin 11' 10 



146 P7C0K0E BOrATCTBO. 

Hux'B H noAOXo^HHxi HUoroBi. 3eMejBHiift Huori nuaeTi Bce- 
ujbjLOEe^CTOEVocThHeot^aSomaHHau uohbh, t. e. i^ibiHHii. Bet yjiy^- 
meHiAY cx'biaHHiM ({>epMepoirb, nocTpofiKH,.CKO!rbH t. x« H86aBjieHH 
OTB Huora. fOfijoseeix) ho nojuesHTi Bce to, ^to ^pxeiKB cj^l- 
jujL'h f,JUL seiuH B'B noT^ jiHi^a cBoero hih ate npH noMOucH saaH- 
TajUi> , rjiacHT'B saKOHi^. Bi CHjy eioro sasoHa, 4>epMeirB specTBAHHHi, kb 
oymflocTH, H6 luaTHrb HH^ero: o6ioseHiK> HaioroHi He noxiesHTi 
coBepmeHHO seMJui, .soTopafl do o6pa6omKu^ vb nl^jokjAy CTOua 
MeHBme 500 4>* ct. Bsme 500 $. Hajior'& paBHaeTCH 1 nesH Ha 
^^yHTi. Ecjra ase seiuui xo o6pa6oTKH cxoHja Biuae 5 xucjiTb $., 
Torxa aBjueTca hobhA sjieMeHT'b — nporpeccHBHufi Haion. B% CKiy 
erO| HMi^Hie bi 210,000 (|). ct. o6iaraeTca orpoKHinrB Hajiorom B!b 
TpH neHca ci <f^yHTa, t. e. Biax'^eii^^b bhochti eseroAHO oboio 
8500 py6. no^ioxoAHufi Hajora ocHOBaffL Ha toxi xe npHHi^eni npo- 
rpeccHBHOCTH. HK'itDntie HeHbme 300$. bi foa'b aozow— He ojuiTaTi 
HHsaKHXb naxoroBi. 3a nepByi> THca^y ^. Bsme 300 ynoicflHyTiixrb 
TOJiBKO ?T0, niaTHTca no 6 neecos's 0*6 (j^yHxa, sa 6oiie BucoKii ao- 
xOAi* — no niHXjraHry cb 4>yHTa t. e. 5V«)- TasHMi o6pa80Mi, 6htb spyn- 

HUICB KanHTaiHCTOlTB B'B H0B0fi-3ejaHAiH — He 0C06eHH0 BHrOABO. 

IIpaBHTeJBCTBO BBeitO CHCTeMaTH^eCKifl XOHTpOJIB Hax'B SOMiefi. 

dlO— Cepifl SaSOHOBl, HHiDni^BX'B KOHOHHOi I^'itXBD HaiUOHaiHSHpO- 

BaTB, no BOSMosHOCTfl, no^By. Rb nepBue toah* RaBx h bo bc6x:b 
KOJOAUX'B CTpanaxi, npaaHTejiBCTBO HoboA SeiaHAiH pasAaBaio 
(Se88a6oTHO seiux). Oho 6wlo^ yC'^bsAeno Torxa, tto cavoe Jiyqniee, 
HTO Moseri cA^jiaTB rocyAapcTBO, bto — oTA^iaTBca CKop^ ot^ 
seiUH H AOCTaxB KOro-HH6yAB, kto corjiacHjica 6a BcnaxaxB ee uh 
se xoTB nacTH cboti na i^&iHH'b. Bi pesyxBTaTi (hxo TOy too y 
npaBBTexBOTBa yinen He oahhi Aecaxosi THcan^B axpoBi. Ob 1891 r. 
iH)cyAapcTBo npHHHxo cHCTOMy BpaTBocpowoft apeHAH. Oho cooep- 
moHHO He npoAaoTi sexxD, ho bbcjo tbri nasHBaeiiyK) <per- 
manent teniire> (B^HHyx) apeHAy)> BOTOpaa ocraBjiaeTi sa npa- 
BHTexBCTBOM'B HpBBo HOCToaHHaro KOHTpoxH, a (|)epHepy AaeT!B 
npepporaTHBU co6cTBeBHocTH. Eoxohhcitb noxy^aex'B onpeA^iea* 
HHft y^acTOBi sevxH na 999 j^pb h hjbtht'b sa nero ro- 
cyAapcTBy no 47,, CHHTaa na ctohmoctb a^^hh. IIoa^ CHCTexoft 
etemeal lease boxohhct'b ho MOxeTi saxosHTB cbod boicxid; ho 
uo2BeTi> nojyHHTB oTi npaBHTeiBCTsa ccyAy nodh m/fh y^Htuemn, 
BOTopua CA^xai^ y ce6a (t. e. hoa'b nocrpoflKH, uoa'b appHraiUoH- 
Hua coopysBenia etc.)* IIpaBHTexbCTBO coxpanaex'B sa co6ok> BiraHft 

BOHXpOlB H CX^AHXl SaxlH'B, <lX06u HB SeMXD OC'&X'B <j[^pMepi bOHB 

fide. EcxH BOxoHHcrB nepoAaex-B senxx) ApyroHy, xo npaaHxexBcxBo 
npeA'BaBjiaexi xt se xpe6oBaHia h B'BHOBOKy BxaA'&XBi^y. ^Ba.roAa 
xony HaaaA'B npomeji sasoH'B, ynoxHOKOHHBann^ift npaBHxexBcxBO 
npio6p'&xaxB o6paxHO Tb seiuH, Boxopua oho xasi 6e83a6oxHo 
BOfAa xo pasABBaJio. B'B hhuxii cxynaaxi npaenxeAcxBO nosexi 
3KCDponpiHpoBaxB hx^b; o6HBHOBeHHb se bio A^xaexca xbk'b. Kpyn- 



HBi ahthh/ 147 

Hue sevjkeBi&Kbjhim HaxoxflTi HeBiiroAHBirb m,ms cete luaTHTB 
orpoMHHfi nporpeccHBHHfl Huon h ycrynafon seiLno npaBHraiBCTBy. 
B'E CHay sasoHa, seiueBiaA^eu'B Mosen noTpe6oBaTB y npaBHTeu- 
cTBa, qTo6ii oho KynHio ero BiaA^Hifl, pasi ohi HaxoAHTS, ^to 
Qo;i;oio3;Hafl OAiHRa ohchb Biicosa. 

HoBafl DapjiaiceHTCEafl napiiit pe<f)op]fHpoBaia Tasse coBepmeHHO 
B7V 1894 roxy 4^atipHHHoe saBOHOxaTeACTBO. Buxh B£q>a6oTaH'b 
i^ijHfi pflA^ x'^^p'B, CTpeiuimHxcji Ri TOMy, HTotfa 3aii](HTHTb, no 
BostfosHocTH, iipaBo Tpy^a. Besi conHiHifl, 4^6pH9Hiiift Roxescb bi 
HoBOfi SejfaHAiH TenepB caMHfl nporpeccHSHafi bo Bcexi Hip£. Ha 

4a6pHBy H6 MOSeTl 6£ITB n|)HHflT'b HHBTO HOJIOSe 14 Xbrb. 32LTbMT>^ 

MajBHHBH H A^yBiBH CTapme dToro BoapacTa MoryT'B 6uTh bpehhts 
aaioB Torxa, Borxa npe^iJiBATB CBH^iTejiBCTBo o&b oBOHHamH ea- 
qajiBHOfl inKojiu. ^0 16 ji^ti MajB^HBi HJH A^Bymsa, sejaDii^ie 
iiocTynHTB Ha ^afipHsy, aojshii npeAiHBHTB KeAHAHHcsoe cbh- 

A^TeJBCTBO TOMl, HTO (j^HSHqeCBH COBOpineHHO SAOpOBH. ?T06lI 

nacTepcBifl He MoriH ycsojiBBHyTB otb BHEHamA ({)a6pHqHBix'B 
BHcneBTopoB'B, BBCAeH'B saBOHi, no BOTOpOMy $a6pHB0t npH3- 
Haerca BCflBoe noifj^n^eHie, bi KOTopom pa6oTa]DT'B 6ojAe, ^ui 
ABa ^ejiOB^Ba. SasoHOAaTeJiBCTBO ynoTpe6Hjio luA ycHJdn, hto6h, 
HO B03HOSH0CTH, yHHHTosHTB pa6oTy Ha Aoiiy. TaB'B HasasaeKafl, 
€sweatiDg system>, CBHpincTBynniaA bi JIohaoh^, vb JlHAcb 
H Bi JiBBepnyjii, cHCTeva^ npeBpan^aK)ni,afl paSo^Hxi bi 6%- 
xuKi HOBOjiBHHBOB'b, — cjysHjia HoBO-SeiaHACBOny npaBHTej[BCTBy 
xopornHMi Memento! J^aiie saBoni npeAnHCHfBaen, ^to hhbto, 
HOJEose 18 jtri, He AOJEseni pa6oTaTB na $a6pHBaxi 6oi^e nin'h 
48 HacoBTi vb HeA^JH). 3EeBni,aHH He AonycsaDTca Ha hohhua pa- 
6oTHr. Bi HSBd^cTHue AHH roAa (|)a6pH?Hiift HHcneBTopi KoaseT'B 
pasp^niHTB «oyer-time> t. e. pa6oTy cBepx'B HaBHaneHHaro BpeiieHH; 
HO sa sasAHft JiHniHift nacB pa6oqie aojshbl noiy^iaTB, b'b TasoirB 
cjiy^ai^, jBmHVK) njiaiy (minimum— 6 nencoBX b'b ^aci). KaxAony 
pa6oqeHy, BpoMi BOcapeceHBA, b'b neA*]^'!) AOJiseni 6utb npeAO- 
craBjen'B €noi*B-npa8AHHBa» (half-holiday), nocj'b naca aha, 6e3'B 
BHHeTa HBi sajiOBaHifl. Ton se caiiutt aaBOH'b cTQecTByerB h 
OTHOCHTejBHo npHsasTOBOBi Bi MarasHHax'B, BOTopaxi 4^a6pHqHoe 
saBOHOAaiejEBCTBo B'B Ahfjuh, nanpHM^p'B, coBepmoHHO ne aacaeTCfl. 
IIocji'bAHift BaKOHOb 6uxo o^ohb xpyAHo npoBecra. Oh'b noTpe6oBax'B 
naTHj^THefi tfopBtfii. €noj[y-Qpa3AHaBH» Ha3HaiaK>T'B no BsaHUHoiiy 
conameHiK) patfo^nxB n npeAnpHHHMaTexefi. KasAsS oapyrB na- 
BHaqaexi cBofi aohb. JlamB wh oahomb HtcTt bi HoBoft-3e- 
jaHAiH nojynpasAHHB'B npHxoAHTCif bb cy66oTy; bo Bcixi seocTaib- 
HHX'B MicraxB, — B'B cpcAy HXH ase B'B qeTBepn. 

TpH saBOHa sacaDTca pa6oqet niara. Bci ohh ctpbmatch b'b 
TOMy. qTo6H BCABiS pa6otifl Hor-B noiysEaTB ots npeAnpHHHBcaTejia 

HJaTy 6631 SaAepSBH, HOXHOCTBD H HaiHHHHMH AGHBlfaMH. (3aB0H'B 

roBopBTx: fEvery workman should be entitled to get his wages in 

10* 



148 P7GCS0B BOFATCTBO. 

faQ, in coin, get them quickly). Maccy CTapaHil npHjoseHO ki TOMy^ 
^To6u npexynpeAnTB CDCTeHy pascvera TOBapaiiH. SasoHi npeAHHCu- 
BaeTi npexDpBHBMaTeiflirb ycrpaHBaTi paac^en Aasxyx) hca^ik). 
BcBBifl pa6o^ift, sajoname soToparo saxepasaHO 24 naca, HxieTi^ 
npaBO noAaTB sajiBjeHie; Torxa na aoxoxh npexnpHUHHaTeja Hajia- 
racTCA sanpen^euie h h8*b nepBim se xeHen iipohbboahtcii pas- 

C^en* PjIAl SaKOHOBl rOBOpHrB 06% OTBiTCTBeHHOCTH npeAnpHHH- 

MaTCJiefi sa sbbhb r 6e8oiiacHocTfc patfoHExi^. 3aKOHoxaTeiH npexy- 
cxoTpijiH, Taai HaauBaeiroe, contracting-out, t. e. sauiDqeHie ycio- 
Bifl vh o6zoA^ saKona o6!b OTB^TCTBeHBocTH npeAnpEHBiraTejifl. no- 
ciixHifi Be Moserb Taase o6ofiTB saxoHi npa noHon^H nepej^aiH 
KOHTpaaTa Bjra se iramBHi vh apeH^y noxpaxHABy. Ho 6oxbrae 
Bcero BOBosejiaHXCBie pe(|K)pMaTopii xoposarb cbobmi < Conciliation 
and Arbitration act», saaoHOMi^ crpeHan^BXca noaosaTB &0Hei(i> 
DpoifBiiijieHHuui BofiHaH'B: CTanaMi, c!b oAHOfi CTopoHH, H clock- 
outs > (t. e. pascHexi 8a6acTOBaBniHX'B)— ci xpyrofi. 8tb npoMamjieH- 
HUB BofiBu ej[(Ba XB He 6oji%e rB6ejn»Hii, h^m^b otfiiBHOBeHHiifl cpa- 
seHiii. Pe4>opHaTOpii hoxoxhjeh hb^b tofo nojroseHlB, ^to, ecJiH bos* 

MOSHO 06HBH0BeHHyD BOflHy BpeAynpeXHTB TpeTeflCKBITB CyAOM!b« TO 

no^eMy se HeiBSa CAimn Toro se npn npoMKinrjreHHofi boAh^? 
HysHo HM^Tb Bi BHxy, HTO conclUatlon and arbitration act, ko- 
TopoHi A ce&HacTB CRasy, npoBexeii'b no nacTOBiejrBBOMy sejasiD 
Tpyxaniarocfl sjacca. OnpaBxacTi jh sasoH^b osuaHiB, Bosiaraeiiua 
Ha Hero, — nosaserb, sone'iBo, nmb 6jfijmfie. TpeTeftciuft cy^'b co • 
cTOHT'b BS'b XByx*b HHCTEHuifi: H3% cyAa H anneiai^ioHHofl najaTsr 
(Court of Appeal). PimeHie noca^xHeft BHCTBHi^iH OBOHHaTeJibHo. 
3a MHA roxa cyn^ecTBOBaHia saBona hh oxhh'b cnopi nupasy He xo- 
xoxBJix en^e xo BTopofl HHCTaHi^iH: o($£ cropoHS ocTaBajincb xo- 
BOJibHu ptmenieirb cyxa h nox^HHaincb eiiy. noxo6HHe cyxH Ceexh 
ycrpoeHH b'b AHr^dH no HHHi^iaTHB'& ^sona MyHxeiiu. Hejibsa cbb- 
SBTb, 7To6u x^aTeja»HOCTb HLXh 6HJ[a ycnimna. HoBOseJaHxcaie 
nytfjiHiiHCTH ofi-bBOHaiDTi 8Ty Heyxaqy MHorHMH o6cTOflTej[bCTBaMB; 
Mesxy npoiHiTb, t^mi, ito: 1) pa6o^ie HHRorxa He 6ilih yBipenii 
Kb tfeanpHcrpacTHOCTH TpeTeflcBaro cyxa h 2) r&irb, qro bt^ AnrjdH 
He 6viJLo BTopofi HHcraHmH, pftmenie soTopofi OKOM^fameji^Mo. 

Pe4K>pMaTopH npoBeJB Tpn roxa Tony nasax'b 6BUb seHCRHX'b 
npaaaxi. Gi t^x'B nop*b tfajiH yse o6n^e Bizfiopii, h hhrto Be sa^ 
aoBajCH Ha TO, 1T0 na cqeHy aBHJHCb HOBne HstfBpaTejro. IIo 3a- 
ROHy, npaBO rojroca HH^DTb set p%mHTejn>HO seHH^HHir, xocTHrmia 
coBepmeBHOi'iTifl h SHByn^ia nocTOBHHO bi oxHOirb hbi H85HpaTejrb- 
Hsx'b oRpyroBi HoBofl BejanxiH. Ba6opii xoRaaajro, hto senn^HHii 
Moryn npHHBHaTb ynactie B!b hhxi h hto ohh ne BHocarb pimH- 
TeibHo HBRaRoro paaiaxa wh ceMbD, rbri onacaxHCb npoTHBHHRH 
^HUfl. Bi x^BflTHaxi^aTH ciyHaarb hbi xBaxi^RTH, aaa^b noRasax^ 
ODiirb, BC4I ceifbH noxaaaja roiocb sa oxHoro h Toro se aanAHxaTa. 
^oqepH BOTBpoBajrH sa oxho cb OTi^axH, cecTpn, b% orpoxnoM'b tfojb* 



mrb AiriiH« 149 

lUBHCTBi CiyiBeWb, Ch Hi^koTOpHMH IBDIb HCUDHeidfllfBt — Sa OAHO 

€1 6paTi»flMH, seHH — CB Mys&flKH. OoacajHCB, ^TO sesniHHU noA- 
niM^jT'L Doxi BjdflHie xyxoBeHCTBa, h nporpeccHBHaji napxia 6jfifirb 
paafiHTa. 06ii^ie Bii6opH, OAHaKo, AOsasaiH npoiHBHoe: orpoiCHiiM'b 
^(oiBmBHCTBOM'b BjuicTB OBflTB AocTajacb pe<|^pMaT0paMi. «2KeHCB0a 
BjiflHie caasajocfc yse vh jipjvot. o6iaCTfl: sa ci^eHy BUABHHyTH pe- 
4{>opMH, CTpeManuaca vh BosxosHOMy cospan^emi) BBHoaypeHia jb 
opOAasfl cnflpTHHTX'b HanHTKOBi. SaT^Hi, senn^BBDH nooaaTHjiH bcd 

8HeprilD Cl A^UD BHrpa60TKH Mip'B, BOTOptia MorjiB 6u ySHHTO- 

xsLTh npH^KHH, npoHBBOABnqji nopoKx» *). Ob nepaaro me aha, 
aaai tojibko pe(|^opMa^opH ciaiH y BiacTB, — obh nocrapaiBCb npo- 
BecTH 6Bjijib, ROTopHfi x%j[aeTi HdjiflrnHHifB noj^pflA'iHBOB'B npH pa* 
6oTan. SaKOHi btoti vawbcTewh bi HoboS 3eiaHAiH boa'b ho co- 
BctHi ToqHHm HaseaHieMi tCo-operatiye Contract System> h co- 

CTOHT'B BB TOITB, HTO npH BOAPflAaX'B npaBBT&IBCTBO BXOJlflTb Bl 

HenocpeACTBeHHua CBomeHia cb caMHMH patfo^aifH. TaRHM'B o6pa- 
80MI, pojiB noApaAHHsa-xosBEHa coBepmeHHO yHH^xosaeTca. G^aqa 

pa60Tl UpOHCXOAHTl TaKHHl 06pa80M'B. lIpaBHTeJIBCTBeHHUe BHSe- 

HepH cocTaBjuiiDT'B caHyD noApofiHyi) cMiiy, BaT^Mi aecB boapba'b 
pasA^^eTca aa H£csojn>so ?acTefi h cAaeica ota^jlehitb pa6oiBM'B 
apTeJflM'B. MaTepiajoi, Heo6xoABMEie npa patfOTaxi, noayaaeirB caMO 
npaBHTeJUbCTBo. TaRoaa b'b oauWx'b o6niHX'B nepxaxi sapTHHa pe- 
4>opMi, BBexeHHHxi vh uocjAxBiE naTb ji1t%. IIpaBHTeaBCTBeHHaa 
napria, rgb toaro Morjia, nocTapajacB npHifiHHTb bosmosho mnpe 
npHHi^HB^b B8a9]fODOKoii][H. H QpBHiHeHie 8T0 A9LX0 BCDxy (lecTaii^ie 
pesyjbTaTur. 

<A uocrynan 5u BpaflHe nenpaBBjibHO, ecjra 5h nocTapajca 
yB'!bpHTb Baci, ?to Becb Ham^b napjaMeHTb, Bca Ta napTia, ROTopaa 
BpoBeia pe4>opi»i, — coctohti ECRjroHHTeiBHo hbi oahbx'b njiaiieH- 

HHX'b dHTy3iaCT0B!b HAeaJIBCTOB!b, BOCOHTaBIIIBXCa Ha COipajlHCTHHeCROfi 

jBTepaTypt a ropan^axi sejiaaieM^b yBBxaib cRopie cbob Teopia 
ocyntecTBjeHHHMH. Ehjio 6u coBepmoHHO omH6oTOO nojraraTB, ^to 
Hama pect^opxaTopii upoaoAaTi jranib to, ito cooTB^TCTByexi B'tEWh 
BAeaiaM7>», — caaaajii Paacb aa tfaHaeTt BinouTHqecROMi «Eiglity 
Clab». — EcJH HaoiH pe^KipHaTopu ropxaTca h'6h'b, Taa^b bto t^mi, 
HTO OHH, npeacAe Bcero, ROJiOHBCTu-npaRTHRa. A OTHUjib ho xo^y 

CRaSaXb BTHMi HTO CpeXH BflX^B H^Tl yHOHHX'B JDAOfl, ROTOpHO 

rjiy6oRO HHTepecyDTca dROHOMBHecKBHH BonpocaxB. fl 0THK>Ab ae 
xo^ CRasaxB, "qto 6oibmHHOTBO xoBX'b seiuaROB'B ae saaeTi, hio 
Kapii Mapacb a Peapa Mapacb (ueai napjaMeaTa, RoacepaaTOpi) 
Be OAHO a TO se Jiai^o; ch^k) aacB yaipHTb Taase, ito hu act 
saaeM'B, hto Bepaapi nioy (anrjiflORift nacaTeib ROJueRTaBBCTi) a 
€8pi> AmneAi BapTjieT^b ae ooB&bu% corjiacau aoBsrjaAax^b **). Ho 



*) «Eeform and Experiment In New Zealand^, p. 85. 
**) Caprb Anmex'B BapTieTi — npHT^a bo asui^rB aariiftcsaro napia- 
neaxa, apaft Typao^aji^, ^ABBinift aexaBHO aa noaioaeaie arb AdAyn-ra- 



150 P7CCK0E BOFAICTBO. 

Bce se HH BEOcHHi jmiiiL TasyD pe(])opMy, ROTopyi) (HHTaeii%» npesx^ 
Bcero, DpasTH^ecxH Beo6xo;(B]iofi. HamH pe(iK)pMaTopu, npesxe Bcero^ 
sajtaDTB ce6% BonpocB: «NoseT% jb TaKOfi to 6bub yHB^TOsBTb 
cyqecTByDn^ee aio? MoaieTi xe owb npHHecTH HexeAieHHyi) nojiidy?" 
HeofixoAHM^ XE OBI cefiqacB? Ecjh b^ti, to nycTB jy^me 6iuja 
flOjesfli'B eflie». B'b CBiy btofo, BanpBN%p'B» pe(|^opiiaTopii nposeiH 
cConciliatiGii and Arbitration Bill> (saKOB^b o TpeTeflCEOHi cyA^ b o 
HocpeABB^ecTB'b) Be botomj, tto obi A&erB BOSHoxBOCTb rocyxapcTBy 
BMimBBaTLCfl MexAy Tpy^oifB B KanflTajtoMi b peryanpoBBTb npo- 
xuniJEeBBHB CBCTeMBi; Bo noTOMy, ?To npH cyn^ecTBOBasiB Tasoro 
saEOBa noHTB BeHHCiBMo noAo6Hoe sp^janie: 4>&6pHKaBTu ycrpoBjiB 
lock-out, a pa6oiie 5poaat'b, Be snafl, r^i npeAJoxBTb cbob ycjiyre. 
CoBepnieBBO Bipao, hto y saci ecTb BAeajiu; obb coctobti vb cxi- 
jijwmfiWh: MEi Bcfb cTpacTBO xeiaoMi, hto6h samy npespacByK) ^ 

C^aCTJEBByiD CTpasy HBBOBaaB 6h T% ($'lACTBiB, KOTOpKB rpOSBT'b He 

ToiBSo CTapoHy CB-bTy, ho b AiiepBKi... S. ray6oRO j6ivfiE%^ ^Ta 
y naci pe4>opHu se uoryT'B 6utb cMeTeflH BOSBpaTBBmeflcB peaBi^ieft 
BJH se yBBHTOseBH comajBHofi peBoaDi^iefi. Hh js.xe nepaofi, hh 
AJH BTopofl B^Ti noHBu Bi HoBoS SojaHAiH. HanpoTHBi, 6yAyH^ee 
y BacB BpaHaAJresBTi hobbitb pe(f)opMan h Bporpeccy». 



JjHeBHHKB atypHanHeTa. 

PyccBO-noiBCsifl oiBomeBifl. 

I. 

KoFAa jnBBBa CKaTfiBaeTca oo cBlsHOfi BepmEHu saofijia^Biix'B 
TOpB, oHa 6EicTpo pacTorb no nyiH CBoero ^aiaiiBHaro csoABsaHiflt 
ysjieKafl cb co6ox) HOBUfl caisBUfl rjui6ii, OTpHeaii RaKOBBfl h ^I- 
jnia CEajui, cAaMHBafl h BarpysaaoB BisoBUMB APoaeoEHKB hobojie- 
EaME, Bce saxBaTHBafl, otb Bcero EapocTaff e ycEJCSBaflCB, Bce yBJi[e- 
Eaa E Efl^ero se niaAE... To se bb EcioplE qeiOBi^eoRoft. KorAa B'b 
saKyn HH6yAB EoropE^ecKyio dnoxy o6pa3yeTca oeiok) ECTopE^eosoft' 
Eeo6xoAEMOOTE TBEafl uBEEa, OEa Be TOABKo Bce npeoAoaisaerB sa 
nyxE oBoeiTB, Be toibko cOKpymaerB BCflKoe conpoTEBieBie e npe- 
nflTCTfiie, Eo e boo norjion^aerB, BupocTaa h ycflJiEBaECB caiia oofioD 
noTOMy TOJiBKO, ^0 BeiEKa E Moryna, e norony en^e, ^o ABEseiofl. 

BCEKifl 6iniE EOTOpEHeCRifl AaBESU... BeIJIE EAefiEHfl, KasB KpeoTO- 

Bue. noxoABi, pe^opMauia, peaoJiDi^fl. Buxe e ^eoto cTExiiEUE, RaKB 
HamecTBifl Atteiu, ^nsrEsa, TaMepiaBa. 8x0 asAesie 6ucTpo e 

MBjty. HajcB BHMB noximaeTCfl bb toibro onnosHQia, bo h cbor ROBcepBa* 
TRBRaa napxlR, bb ROTopoft obb npEsaAiesBTB rb caEiiMB «Eenps- 
HHpHEiniB:^. 3to iDtionnTBHfi npeACTaBHTCAB OTSHBmaro yse BibRa, c^TaD- 
iipfi Aase CaiBc6DpH peaomiuoBepoMB. 



flffKBHHlCB anrPHAJIHGTA. 151 

ncTO cTHZifiHo HasoiuaDiiteftoa ouh, BHesanHO BEipoomeft isi^ hgto- 
pH^eoKaro He6iiTia, otohb paonpooipaseHO vb HoropiH Bcteb anoxi 
H HapoAOBx. PasHQi ohjqi 6HBaDrB aiH laBUJoi. ^^hhths'l h Taxep- 
3i9J£h saiHJui KipB spoBBD, oOEpyiiiEm TUoa^ejcbxHUi itapoTBa, scrpe- 
6Bja MHoroiouBOHHHe HapoAHy Ha n^uane Rtea norpyasjai leiOBt- 
^eoTBo B% BapsapcTBO. A ooBepmeHHo Tas'B se HaiaBmift coBepmeHHo 
TaRofi se <]cipoKp7]nHTejrB» cyjrraHi KeHHoapu, bi ooposoBuxi ro- 
AaxB &Toro crojiiTifl, orpaHnun obod KpyniBTeiBHyi) xhccid ojubAue 
XEpnacKHMH cTemoiH e ho yonin ^ofirH a&s6 ao OpeH6ypfa. Ilep- 
Biie Tps RpeoTOBHe noxoAa aaJe^ko aa bootok'b e dfb OTOABHsyiH 
Bony MycyiucaHOKaro BJn^pneoTfia, a HerBepTut orpaEamoE y^a- 
OTieiTL Bt OMyraxt xpsoiiaHcsoft BflsaHiiH. H t. a-> s t. a* PassHe 
nodTOxy E ujLom 8tbx'l oavoHaBoiuEniqHxcfl, oaMopooTynmx'B eoto- 

pETOCKHX!b MOrymeOTB-b. UMOm 8TE MOryrb 6iITB SHa^HTOJIBHHe h 

sHHToasHHe, OBiTJOie h icparase, paAOorsHe h ropecTHHo. ^an^e, 
Bnpo^eHi, 6iiBai)rB ohh xpauue e ropeoTHue, ^wb csiTJuie n pa- 
AOOTHue. H eBponeftcicaa scTopifl XIX Bisa HCHHrajia ste EBJieHifl 
EGTops^eosExrb jaBEE'b. HanojieoHi I EBJueTCfl ooo6eHHo flpKsirb 
npeAOTaBHTeieH'B aioro poffa Eoropfl^ecKEX'L ABEseHit. MeE^e apso 
6ujio Toro se, seooxsiHEo, po^a ABHXOHie TepMaEiH bi> Teqesie 
^eTBepiE Bisa ci 1866 no 1890 roAi. $paflKO-pycosift eomarb o6Ha- 
pyxEBaerb TesAesqiD saMiEETB 606010 8to repMasoKoe ABEseEie. 
Okb B036yaBAaen yBJieTOEie b'b CKaHAEEaBiE, HiajiiE, Ha BaxnaE- 
CKOH'B noJicyooTpoBi; oSoApaerB ojiaBaEOKoe ABESOEie Vb AbotpIe; 
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