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Full text of "Jets and flashes"

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noJLHpHaa 8Kcne;pmiji 1893 — 96 roAOBi>. 
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CB nep. 3 p. 50 b. 
— Bt?HO-Hacl*;^eTBeHHuH naeirB 
sexeiB na BonrHHenrb 3an. Eapo- 
nw. U. 2 p., CB nep. 2 p. 25 b. 

H. H. Kap^CBI*. HCTOpHBO-(t>H- 

ioco4»cBie n conjoiorsH. dinxH. 

It. 1 p. 25 B., CB nep. 1 p. 50 b 
F. Byacfce. OiepBn ofin^ecTBenna- 

ro nacTpoenia Bpeicen^ uesapefi. U. 

1 p. 25 B., CB nep. I p. 45 b. 
C. P. FapftHHepTEi. I. HypnTaneH 

CTKMtpru. II. O. aftpH. PecTaapa- 

nia CrioapTOB'BH JIeo^^obbb'b XlV. 

JX. 1 p. 75 B., Cb nep. 2 p. 
C. H. KpHBCHKO. Ha pacnyTBH. 

II. 1 p. 25 B., CB nep. I p. 50 B* 



B. JleoeBHHrb. OnHn, KpHXHqe- I. K. BJiyHHJiH. HcTopiji o^maro 
eicaro iscjii^AOfiaulJi ocHOBOHa<iaai> noan- rocY;i(apcTBeuHaro apasa h uoiu- 
THBQoft $HJioco4)iH, I^. 2 p. CI Hep. 2 p. THKH. u,±BA {ejmbomo 3 p.) 1 p. 50 £., 
30 s. ch nep. 1 p. 80 K. Eoabuied ycTyn* 

— UHCLua BayvHolt (t)UJioco$lH. Sj kh Be A^iaexcii. 

1 p. 25 K., cb nep. 1 p 50 s. S. EL. KapHOBHHls. 3aMi^iiaTe:c]»HiiiA 

— '3rH)AU H otiepKB. H. 2 p. 60 k., 6oraTCTBa uacTHHxi* jibi^-b bt> Poc- 
cb nep. 2 p. 80 k. cin. JJ.'bHa (&,viftcmo 2 p. 50 R*) cb nepec. 

— 4to TaKoe HayvHafl $HJioco«ia? 1 p: 50 k. 

U. 2 p., CT» nep. 2 p. ?0 k. B. <E>. BpaHfliTTb. Bopb(5a ch ntflH- 

8;i^. HaHHBUrrb. EcTOpiA CoeAUHeH- ctbouii sa rpaHHi^efi h bi* PoccIh. 

Huxi UlTaTOBi* CtB. AMepBKH. I],. II^. 60 K , cb nep. 75 k. 

1 p. 50 K., ei nep. 1 p. 75 b. JItr. Jle06oKl>. KaKi* HaAo xhti>. 

B. KH|U1(1». CoHiaiLHaa dBOJDi^ifl. I^. 80 &., ci nep. 1 p. 

n,. 1 p. 25 K., ci nep. 1 p. 50 k. B. A. FojibXifiBii^. 3aK0H0AaTe4k. 
H. H. HayMOB'B. GodpaBie co^h- ctbo h npaBii B'b Pocciu Xvni 

seBifi. ^Ba TOMa. !(. 3 p., Cb nep. B-bsal^. 1 p. 25 k., c% nep. 1 t> 45 s. 

3 p- 50 K. B. H. BDj(0B080Ba. ^HSBb espo 

H. ^pAl>. Pe4)opMauiA XYI siiKa. neftoicHxi> napoAOB'L. I. t. ^aTexn 

n. 1 jp. 25 a., Cb nep. 1 p. 50 s. H)ra II t. HnTejuc Ctoepa. Ul t. 

B. K. BaTCOHl». 3tx)AU h oiepsn SlHTeflH Ope;(Heft EBponu.H^.aaBaa- 
no o6m,, Bonpocani. U,, 2p.> ci> ai<A tomi dp. 75K.,(nbnep. 4p. 40 b. 
Sep. 2 p. 30 &. — FnoTBeHHoe h HpaBcrBeHBoe pu- 
ll. A. PyCaimWB. Btdau o pyo- BBTle A^xeft. O;. 2 p., ci> nep. 2 p. 30 x. 

ccofi HUTauu^ed ny6iHKi;. I(. 1 p. B. H. BOAOBOaOBlb. Hosaa pyccjuui 
50 K., Cb nep. 1 p. 75 k. JOiTepaTypa. I^. X p. 25 k., ch nep. 

— PascKasuoBeiHSHX'BnrposBKX'B 1 p 50 s. 
aBieBiax'BnpHpoAB.H3A«3-e.-]^. 18 k., — CaoBecnooTL b% oGpasi^axi* h pa»- 
Cb nep. 29 K. 6opax%. n;. 1 p25B., cb nep. 1 p. 45 &. 

C. A. Ha^OOHnb. JlHTepaTypHiie — O^epKiHinb pyccsoft HCTopin XYIll 
o^epKH. II. 1 p., Cb nep. 1 p. 25 k. Btea. S;. 1 p. 50 x., cbnep. 1 p. 75 k. 

B. OOTporopOKlfi. Hsi hctopIh 8- Tafljiopi.. nepBoCHraaa KyjaTyp* 
Moero y^uTejttCTBa. D;. 1 p. 25 k., ^* A»^>'" Toiiaxi,. D;. 4 p. c* noi». 
ci. nep. 1 p. 60 K. ^* E; ^^ *• « . * » 

P JTARATrAATfT.iTrv. r«o/K«: 7111^. TeTTHep'B. HcTopU BceoCnieft 

W A*Tefi. HaxaHie BTOpoe. ^. „ ^ CMuomeo^un^Hou wk>, 
60 K., ci nep. 77 k. (Moamo nocH- nyTB-Hopora. Xy;^oaecTBeBBo-Ji- 
laTLno^T. MapKanH), TepaTypnHft cCopEHKi. (Ha npocTOd 

9. PeKnio. 3eMja h hdxh. niBenia bi» jiobpBift Haon». C6ophmki. 
H Hopnena. IJ. 1 p., ct> nep. 1 p. (B'e o<5jioatK4). H;. 1 p. 50 k., crb nep. 
^ 5- . n . T. 1 p. 85 K. 

— Bejfcrifl M roJuaHAia. Di. 1 p., cb ..'^(Bi nepenjerb). II. 1 p. 75 K , 
"^P-lP-20K, c-B nep. 2 p. 10 K. 

JlH€. K. IdHrpdM'B. HcTopia pa6- T. XHrrHBOOBii. SApaBiifl ckmci's 
CTsa. I^. 1 p. 25 K., ci^ nep. 1 p. h sencKifi Bonpoci. U* 1 p.j Cb nop 
60 K. 1 p. 20 K. ' 

^OAHHc^HKH «PyccKaro BoraTCTBa», npn noKynKlj khbii, 
)jii>3yK)Tca ycTynKofi bi pasMtpt ctohmocth nepecujiKH. 



HojiHHe aKseMMapH aiypHajia «PyccKoe BoraTCTBO* 
ja 1898, 1894, 1895 h 1896 roaa. IJ;tea aa toa% 8 p. 



n poAOJi waeTCfl noAHHCKa 

Ha mecTb tomofb coqHHemfl 

H. K. MMXAMilOBCKArO. 

Il3;^aHie pe^aRidH xypHaia (PyccKoe BorarcTBO. 

YAEIXIEBJEEHHOE 

u3;iaHie CoiLinoro ^opMaxa, B^ A^a CT0j[6i];a, Wb 30 i^qaTHUit in- 

OTOBl KaXAUK TOMTi, 

CTb nopxpeTOMTb asTopa, 

KOToptifi 6ya;erB npHJioxeHT> Kb IV tomj. 

noRnHCHafl iitHa 9 pydjiefl. 

Btb oTj-fejifcHofi npojia^i iiBHa sa inecTB tomofb 12 p. 
noAnHCKa ci> HaiiomoHHUMii niiaTewoMii ho npMHNMaercfl. 

IIojinHcaBmiecfl paHBrae na I h 11 tom-b jonjraqHBaiorB 
sa ocTajiBHHe qexLipe xona 6 py6jiefi. 

Buuijm I H II TT.** 

CoAepHiaHie I t. 1) HpeAHCJioBie. 2) ^to xaKoe nporpeccB? 3) 
Teopifl jl,apBHHa h ofimecTBeHHas eayRa. 4) AnajiorH^ecKiS moto^'b 
Bi oCmecTfieHHOfi^ HayKi. 5) AapBHHH3in> h onepeTsn 0(j[)$eH6axa. 
6) £opb6a 3a HHfHBHAyajiBHOGTB. 7) Boj![BHHAa H noABHacHHKH. 8) Uzi> 
rarepaTypHHX'B h aypnajibHHX'B sairtTOKi 1872 a 1873 rr. 

CoAepwaHJe II t. 1) IIpecTynjieHie h HaKasame. 2) TepoH n toji- 
na« 3) HayqHEiA imcBHa. 4) ILaTaiioriniecRaH HariA« 5) £me o re- 
poflxi. 6) Eme Tojnrb. 7) Ha B^HCROfl BcenipHofi BUcraBRi. 8) Hai 
jBEiepaTypHux'B'H sypnaibiiEix'B daiitTOR'b 1874 r. 9) Mai* AHesHHRa 
H nepeniicRH HsaHa HenoMHfln^aro. 

Ill H ly TT. BBlfijyTB Kb KOHIti anp^JIH, V H YI FB CeHTfl6pi. 
\ nO^inHCKA nPMHHMAETCfl: 

Bi» (IJereptfyprt — bt. KOHTopt acypnajia «PyccHoe BoraTCTSO* — 
EacceiiHafl yji., 10. \ 

B^ MocKBt — Bi OTAtseHiH Roffropu— HflRHTCRifl BopoTa, A* FarapnHa. 



HOBAil KEHFA: 
CO:. 3^ej3:£>ixxss:£3:rE3. 

Bl) MIP^ OTBEP)KEHHblXb. 

3anucKU 6uetuazo namopoicHUHa. 

IIsAaBle pe;iiaKi(iH scypnajia cPyccKoe BoraTCTBO». 
I(i^Ha 1 p. 60 K*, cb nepeo. 1 p. 76 s. 
Uoj^nuc^HSii cPyccKaro BoraTCTBa> sa nepecuiRy ne njiaTATB. 
CKHAftfal H3AALHlfl[: 
Bl» neTepGypirJ^.— KoBTOpa cPyccKaro BoraTCTBa>, BacceftRafl ya., 10. 
Bnb MoOKB'Jb.— OrA-'^iieHie iLOBropu cPyccKaro BoraTCTBa>, BjiSBTCBia bo- 
pOTa, A* TarapHBa. 



H) H C T t. 

(Hsi* BOcnoMHHaHifi BeyAaHHHi^.) 



I. 

BnenaTJitHifl AtrcTBa. 

BcflKlt pasi, RaRi cbpua shmhIh cyuepRE cnojEsara Ha ro- 
pox*^, B^b HameMx 6oji[i»moirb fpui cranoBEJiocB nycTtiHHO h acyiEo. 
HacRyUB'B CBOHMH OAHHORHUH HrpaHH H 6aacB 6iraTB no t6m- 
HHTB BOMHaTaici, a po6ro xajiacB Kb nJiaiBio MaiepE, npH6HpaB- 
meft MejRAy TiM^b sajiy a^ npieiia rocTeft. IIo BenepaM^b y naci 
pasa ABa bx HeA^iomjia KapTo^Haa Hrpa <no najieHSKofl*. H Bon 
pasAasajicfl, HaRonei^'B, b% nepeAHefl sbohobi. 

— FocTH npHmjuH! Focth npinnjiHl—paAOCTHO BCi^HraBajia 
ji H nepBaa 6pocajracB onpoMerbK) bi» npnxojsyiQ. — MaiB A^JiaJia 
wb aTo ppeMJOL pacnopj32R6Hie saaceu oroHb. 

— A, synoEi! 3ApaBCTByft,aKyH0Ki!-- BcrpinajiB Mena toctb h, 
boSa& bi> ROUHaiy, TOTqaci casajTb Kb cetii aa BOJrfiHH. — Hy, 
RaKi nosHBaemb? ?to y leCa HOBOHBRaro? 

n a npecepBesHo Ha^HHajfia BURjiaAUBaTB bc% cboe MajieHBRia 
hobocth: y nacB noiepajiacB RomRa—BorB yse naTB AHefl, RaRi 
He npHxoAHrB aokoA; nana ne uoxerb cnoRoftHO cnatB y ce6a 
Bi Ra6iiHeTi, TaRi RaRi uumn 6iraiOT'b lairb Aaxe ahom^b; a lera 
BapBapa noAapHJia icnt HOByio RyRJiy, ROTopaa ynierB RiiaHaTLca 

H nBKCaTL yiCOpHTeJIBHOTOHRBMl TOJlOCOIfl, CTOHrB TOJIBRO HOSaTB 

nyroBRy. 

Emie 8B0H0RI, n aBJiajiHCB cjn^Ay^^i® rociH, Ha Bcipiny ro* 
TopuHB a TaRJKe Bu6iraj[ia; n RaacAufl hsbhhx'b npHBiTCiBOBajni 
Mena, RaRT> xopomyio sHaROMyH), Tim :r6 nposBHn^eiTB cxyqoRX^, 
AaHHUifB MHi sa MOH ^epHHO BOJiocu, ^epHuo rjiasa h Kpome?- 
Hiifl pocTL. BnpoHeifB, nasKBajiH Mena en^e tBOBiopux'Bi, no- 
^oxy HTO, RaRi myTHjm, nepsyio nojiOBnHy CBoeft pi^H a bu- 
6ajiTUBajiay en^e He ycn^Bi boAth bb ROMHaiy. Jlmto iioe otjeh- 
^anocB RpaftHeft' noABHSHociBio^ MrnoBeHHo BUAaBaJio h paAocTB, 

H 4 Onin I. 1 



2 pyCCROS BOrATCTBO. 

H rope; s. 6uj[dk pe66HKOirb bi> Bucmeft creneHH XBsawh h o6ii^h- 

TejnHHMTi, XOTJI, nOBHAHMOMy, He CTOJIBRO maJIOBJIEBUMl, CKOJIbKO 

CRJiOEHHM'b HeMHOJRKo Kb pesoHepcTBy. Ha MOO Hec^acTBe, Vb 6OJIB 

mHHCTBi SHaROMUX'B HaiTb CeneftCTB^b COBCllTB He 6wio A^iefi) 

H nepBue vQjsfi moh npoTORajiH 6e8'B cb6pcthhrob'b h noApyn, 31 

06lI^eCTB% OAHHX^b BSpOCJOIXTi; MH^ nOHOBOJli npnXOAHJIOCB bhh- 

KaTB wh Hy^Aue uni HHrepecu, npHcaiymHBaTBca ki Hajio noHfli- 
HHH'b pasroBopaifb, cjramROirb pano HacTpaHBaxB cboh) mhcjib na 
cepBesHuft jias>. 

Borb BuxoAHJn Hsi cBoero RaGHHera h otoi^'b, eni^e sacnan- 
HHft, jKuypan^lftca OTB CB^Ta, HO yjoiGaion^ifiCfl h sapanie npe^- 
BRymaion^ift HaejiasAeHin CTpacTnaro HrpoRa. Ilepe^'B AHBa- 
HOMx pacKpuBajucA TOT^aci saneEHfi ctojtb, Ha ROiopoMi noHBJifl- 
JiHCB EensOiTKEUsi RapTU, n^eiOHRa ji m^jtb; ri CTOJiy npHABHra- 

JUCB Cb npiaTHBIM'B CRpHOOMTi CTyJIBfl. M06 Jno6nHOe M^TO 6iIJI0 

Ha AiiBaHi, BOAT* npaBUiTB jLORieiTB MaiepH. SI Raawift pasi 
TBepAO pimajiacB AOSAaTBca yxHHa, sa rotopbutb, RaRB ycn^Bajia 
ysHaxB, noABAica. joofiHime mhok) BapemiRH. Ho hohotohhh& 
SjiecKi jiaHDu, CMHrieHHuft posoBum aCaacypoirb, oxHOo6pa8Hoe 
H AORy^Hoe mojiecT^HBe CAaBaeMBrxi RapTB, BURpHRHsaHBe Heno- 

HJEITBUXl MH% BFOpHUXB TepMHHOBl, CRpHlri^HBe SaHHCBTBaiOn^arO 

HTo-TO Mijua,— -Bce dTO nponsBOAHJio HaMenaBCRopi yTOHJiHK)n(ee 
AMcTBie, H rjiasa Ha^HnajiH CMURaTBca. SI in^eTHO 6opoJiacB co 
CHOM'B, npoHBRaBnuDi'b' yjRe bo bc^ nopu Moero T&ia h paajnr- 
BaBmncA no neiTB cjiaAROft TeoJioToft, tii^6tho pacRpiiiBaJia ota- 
seji'lBmiA BiRH H CHJiHJiacB HOHaTB, HTO npoHCxoAHTB BORpyrs. 
Mni HaHHBajiH iiepeniiHTBCfl CTpaHHue neflCHue oGpasH; a BBA^^a 
orneHHue spa^RH nameft HC^esHyBmeft rohirh, ROTopaa noARpa- 
ABiBaJiacB Ro mb*! imrRHMH maraioi, rpai908H0 BurH6afl Gapxai- 
Hyio cHHHRy; a nepeCnpaJiia na Cepery CBfiwiaro py^Ba HeiORa- 
Rie-TO yAHBHTeJiLHHe, apRie RaMemRn, ne to JSfiiTEi HeBHAa;HHOft 
RpacoTii; iiaMa Ropunaa iieHa BRycHUMi RHSHJieBiiirB aapeHBeirB. 
H BApyrB, T01HO Bce npoBajiHBaJiocB 3% RaRyio-TO TOpnyio any, 
FA^ BacTynajnH HOJiHuft up^Kb h THmHHa, h OTcyrcxBOBajto Bca- 
Roe cosHanie. 

H npccunaJiacB otb JierKHXB tojhrob'b, cb rotophhh Hona 
BaSspajiH Ba pyRH, ^to6u ornecTH b'b cnajiBHH). SI pacRpuaaJia 
oaaa h bba^JiA) ^^o rocTefi bi* ROMHai^ yace n'^bj a na 6ijioi 
CRaiepTH cToaa CToarb nycraa Tap&sRH h BajraioTca ociaTKH 
y2CHHa« 

— Maifa,. BapeHHROBi! — aeneiaoia a CRBOSBcaesHCOHHUMB, 
sanjieTaion^Mca asuROM'B. 

— KaRie laMi BapeHHRH, nopa cnaiBl 

H BjiacTHHa pyRH yHocHJiH MBHa^ HJia^ymyK) h npotecTyio- 
myio, B% cnaJiBHK). 

3i> ceifB Jiirb a yace noMmo ce6a rpanoTHoft h saAHO no- 



K)HOCTb. 3 

rjion^aion^eft bc% khhth, Raida tojibro nonaAsuiHCB mhI hoa'b PJke. 

^0 CHXb nOp'B JKHBO pHCyCTCfl HH^ OAHa HSl nepBUX^b HOHXl 

J1106HMI1XL RHiiH6Riy cicasRH AO^puxi (j^Bflrb, Bi Cj^JioiTb.nepe- 
njieii cb 8OJ10TUHI1 pasBOAaMH. 8tji AOiSptiH (j^eer 6firji[n b'b Moeirb 
npeACiaBJieHin coBopmeHHO ^rubuuk cyn^ecTBa&ia, xoth a h saajia 
ot:hhhho, ?to ,aa eaMOMi a'^^^^ oh'& hb cyn^ecTBjioT'B; ho unh sa- 
sajiocB^ HTO osi AOJi^su 6bi 6MTb, n hto 6e3i» naxi idpiRaRv 
TO nycTb a ASisa CescHucJiBErb. JI^iTCRafl ^aHraaifl neyioicHico par 
6oTaJia, H KHt AyMajiocb nopofi, hto RorAa a BBipocry h CA^a- 
locB yMHoft, TQ HenpeMiHHO nocTapaiocb xoTb H^CROJibRO Hanoji* 
HHTb BTy jRecTORyk) nycTOTy, caiia npeBpaTBBinacb a^^ hgc^ct- 
Hsx^b JuioAeft B:b OAsy hs'b fijuaroAtTeJibsuxi B0Jiiiiie6HHii:b. RsiucRa 
o ^eflxi, BOo6iite, BrpaJia 6oJibinyK) pojib B'b icoeft paHHOft hchxh- 

HOCROft »n3HH, TH ROFAa BUOCJliACTBiH, 6yAyHH yjRB BSpOCJIOft Kbr 

BymROft, pasfiHpaa OAnaag^H cxapuB AOManiHift xjiairb, s. cjiy^aftfio 
HaTRsyjiacb na axy 6tJiyio RHiuRe'qiRy cb nojiHHHJiuMa 30jiotuich 
pasBOA^MH, to bca saAposcajia orb paAOCia, z Ay^aio, ?to to^b- 
B^-To^b TaKoe jRe qyBCTso Hcnurajia 6bi npH ea BZKb h Toaepb* 

BojiEBHie, Cb RaRHiTb a miia bi rHBCHasiio aRsatfeHOBaTbca, 
HeBOSicoxao onacaxb. Mei^ Rasaiocb, hto axo 6biH0 cofiuxie orpoMi • 
Hoft BaacHocxn ne nna. Mena xojibRO oahoA, ho hxo Becb, ptma- 
TBJibHO Becb ropoA'B AOJi^eHB 6ajii'b rjiJiA'^XbHaHeHH bo Bc:&rjia3a. 
xpeBoxHO osHAaa, RorAa a BuftAy ^^'^ dioro cxpaniHaro 6tjiaro 
BAStHin, rA'6 ptmajiacb moh yiacxb. BtA Mejibiaftniiii noApoGso- 
CTH AHJi apRO OTne^axjitjiBCb B'b Moeft naMaxH. Ha MHt Guiio 
RaHapeeiHaro ABtxa njiaxbe ci» nepHBiMB HyniKaMB; njie^H h pyRK 
<$iiJiH OTRpuTti, H; He CMoxpa Ha acapRift aryBCTOBCRlft AOHb, a bca 
Apoacajia, xohho oxi» CHJibHaro xojioAa. 3a to ho 6ujio npeA'^Jiosi 
Moeft paAOCXH h ropAOCXH, RorAa a. Bo3Bpaii];ajiacb aovojI ci dRsa-. 
MOHa. Bee, Rasajiocb im'b, JiHROBaJio Bictcxt co mqoh)— h nesHar 
KOMue jiH)AB, H He6o, H A^poBbH, H sHBOXHua... Bo A^opt Ha- 
mero Aona MOHfl noAOSBaji'b ri ce6t OAHHb cxapn^OR^, jKHBinift 
y Hacb BO ^Jiareji'i h onenb Mena jiK)6HBinlft; hu jt^onvo cb hhm['b 
6ecbA0BajiH 061* dRsaMenax'b h Apyrnxi cepbesnux^ Marepiaxi, 
H fl noHHK), HXo ocxajsacb oiesb Aosojibna cbohm^ yicoM'B, o6Ha- 
pyseHHUM'b B'b axoA 6eciA:b, oco6eHHo bi roM-b^ hto Becbica Rcxara, 
RaRi Mffb AyMajiocb, ynoxpe6HJia xoiibRO ^xo BU^nxaHsyH) nepeA'b 
TtiTb nocjioBBDiy: csa AByua safti^aiiiH noroHHoibca— eh OAsoro 
He nofisiaembi... 

Bnjioxb AO cxapmnx'b RJiacCOBb a 6uiia xaicoro MUHiaxiopHaro 
pocxa, Hto c^Hxajiacb caBnott MaJieHbKOJl B'b rHMQasia. BjiaroAapa, 
6uxb MOJKexb, 3T0My oScioaxejibCTBy, 6oJibniaiiCTBO noApyrb otho- 
caaocb Ko Mut atcKOJibKO CBHCOKa, H a noape;RHeM[y ocxasa- 

JiaCb OABHOKOfl. ToJIbBO Ch OAHOft H3b A^BOHOKb BB HepBOlCb 316 

•Rjiacci na^ajio 6ujio y Meaa saBHaMBaibca nb'iTO bb poA'b Apy«6u* 
dxo ObiJia GBpee'iRa, no Hueaa <I»aHHH ((j^auHJiiH a xeaepb .y:R6 



4 F7CCX0S BOFATCTBO. 

He noMBK)), Tanaa se xyAeHBKafl h xajieHbicaH, jcaici a, h TaBaa 
xe HepHeHBKafl. IIospyrH oAajnuch naA'B ea BapraBOCTbH), yn- 
Tejia sax^ ea irajioycniiiraocTBH) wb HayRax^, a aarb-io caira 
co6oft Biinuio, ^TO a Bsaaa MaaeHBicyK) sanyraHHyio fflBOHRy nogh 
CBoe noRpoBHiejiBCTBO* RaBi camia ManeHiRia bo bcomi luiacci, 
ni cHsiJiH BcerAa panom aa nepaoft napri. Meac^y npoHHirb^ 
$aBHH OTjra^aaacB 6oJiiinoft aaCoxHOCTiK), a xcta npaxonaaa 
no cy66oTairb bi niMHasiio, ao hh sa hto ae coraamaaacB no 
dTHMi xnaiTb nacaTB bo apeaa ypoaoai. ymeaa caa^ajia bu- 
pasajia a^ROTopoe aexoBoaiciBO xaaot npereasieft, no ci le^e- 
aleMTi BpeaeBH CesaoJiBao npainipHJiacB cb aeio, aaR'B 6u npa- 
saaai sa aaaeaBRoft eapeftRoft opaBO CTporo cji^AOBaTB oCu^aaas 
CBoet pojiaria. %o Racaerca raHaasacTORi, noApyrb ^aaaa, to 
noaaK), b'k aa^aai aaai bc&mi Baymajia jifiXB atROTopjio rop- 
XOCTB 9Ta npaBaaeria, saaoeBaaaaa o^aoio an aacb, zoia a aa 
aaa ^yxAUXi aaai peoiaiioBaHX'B aaTopecoB's. Ho ajihjiocb aro 
aeftOJiro. BcKopi y ohobb aaoraxi aa^aaa noaajiaTBca saaacTB 
a pasxpaseale. Jlfiih aamero saRoaoyHaTeaa, Gaaa OpHaitRaa^ 
sartajna pasi no dioay noao^y i(%jroe npeaie. 

— Mu nameiTB no ey66orBWh pyccRift AHRTanrB, noayqaerb 
xyxua OTiitTRa,— roBopaaa oaa, noxAepacaaaeifaa TOjmoft co^ya- 
CTByionqix'L,— a oaa caAan, caoaca pyaa. Ha 9to aaAO JKaio- 
BaTBca. Hjia nycRaft oaa ae ^opAu6aHBrb a namen, aaai acft! 
3Ra aeBBAajiib, ^o oaa OBpefiKa. IlycRaft RpecTBTca, rojih xo- 
HOPb yHBTBca Bi raMHaaia. 

— HaiTB aanpen^eao, iyjeaMt, paCoiaiB bi cy66oTy, y aaci 
Taaot saaoHi!— po6RO^ ao Taepxo Bospaacaaa eft aaSoacaaa 
$aaBa. 

— Hy, TTO Taaoe saRoax? Eaaoft xaa^B daaoail — pesoaapo- 
aaaa Opaai^Rafi:--B3Aop'B see bto, cBpeftcRift saRoai*. Cy66oTa Ta- 
Roft xe AeaB, rbri ad. 

— A noHeay ace au ae ynaTecB b'b BocapeceaBe, nexoxaTe 
Vb rBMHaaiio, ae paCoTaere? — Ha6paBniacL xpaCpocia, nepenura 
BApyrB B'b aanaAeaie ^^aaaa, a ea ^epaue raasaa sacaepRajia 
TopacecTBOifB. 

— TaR'B TO, B^A^, Aypo^aa, BOCRpeceaBe! — sacMiaaacB Toa- 
CTeaBKaa nonoBaa,— aanuia npairlpi... Mk npasAayeiTB arorB 
ACBB B^ naaaTB Bocapeceaia aaB nepTBuxi Guaa Boacia. A cy6- 

60Ta,— HTO TBROe? 

XoBOAB dTorB noaasajuca BC%]rt»» ae acaaio^aa a aeaa, aa- 
CTOJUBRO B'IcRBM'B, HTO Mu CB BOBoaBBOfi yau6Roft coxajrbaia no- 
CMOTp'lJia aa oRpyacenayH) aameft Toanoft aenoRopayio aHOBipay, 
ROTopaa TenepB, AynaaocB aaM'B, AOJiacaa Gnjia qyBCTBoaaTB C66a 
Vb Roaei^'B cpaaceaaoft a yHBHToaceaaoft/ H ^aaaa, A'^ftcTBBTejiBHo, 
ae aanuiacB BOspasaTB Opaanaofi; oaa tojibro npanaaa roaoaoft* 
Ri napii a BApyrB ropBRO paspuAajoacB, BBrpaaaBi^ rbwb bch> 



naoGTL. 5 

CBOK) j^meBHyH) Cojib, Bce HyscTBo CescBJiifl — sa^siBTB to, bo 
^TO npoAOJisajra cbhto BipniB^ BecL aiorB a^hb, bb rauaasia a 
jioiia, no BOSBpan^ealH ci ypoaoBi, a HyacTBOBajia Taftaoe hbao- 

BOJIBCTBO CO6OIO, TilfB, ^0 XOTB HB OffBy MBByTy, XOTB B 668- 

MoaBBO, crajsa aa cropoay aparoBi ^aaaa. He CMorpa aa to, no 
41 6uaa Bi» CBOH) onepexB ohobb aaOosaa, a a&ko aepixso 9(a* 
Ji&ia CBOH) aoayH) noxpyry sa ea Kocaiale bb iyAeftcTsi, c^araa 
Heaceaaaie ea nacaTB no cy66o^aM'B npocTuiTB cyesipIeicB, — np« 
Bcem BTOicib MH'i 6ujio ctuabo TenepB, ?to a, BcerAa Tasaa 6oft- 
aaa na OTBim y^BTeaaM'B, ae Moraa noAucaaTB bb san^Biy 6iA* 
Hoft ^aaaa xotb RaROft-aatfyAB B^CRift aoboab. Kofab a acnoa- 
aaaa, aaBoaeoB, o cyn^ecTBOBaaia HOTBepToft sanoB^AH, aniion^eft 
Jtaa eBpeea^B CBjiy a no aacToan^ee Bpeiia, Mai saxoT^aocB ceft- 
Hac*B se no6isaTB b'b rHHaasiio, B08o6aoBaTB cnopi a npacTU- 
ABTB aeaaBacTByH) nonoaay, AOKasaBB, hto a jnynme ea saaio 
CBan^eaaoe nacaale! Ho cnopi 6hjii OBoa^ea'B, a, nsi 6oa8aa 
6uTB noABBTOft aa cirlx'B sa cbok) 8ano8AajKyio aaxoAHasocTB, a 
TBKi a ae pimaaacB B08o6aoBaTB ero aa jipjrot a^hb. Bcicopi 
nocjil Toro poAHTeju ^aaaa nepeixajia KyAa-TO bi ]spjvQt ropoAib, 
a a pascTaJDacB cb CBoeft noApyroft; ao Aoaro emie naiiaTeai 6ujii 
HB'i 9TorB nepBHfi ypoRi BipoTepnaMocra, AOJiro sBy^aji'B ai 
Moaxi yrnax^ 6e8cajiiBHiiift naaTB aaJieaBKoft oBpee^Ra, a Baymaaa 
aenpiasBB caHOAoaoJiBaoe aai^o a npeapaTOJiBaaa ycBcbmsa ea 

daBBCTJIBBOfi npOIBBBBI^fil. 

Hocji'i OTB^SAB ^aaaa a obbtb ocTaaacBfiesB noAPy^B. Ma- 
JieaBRoe cepAKe nonao 6hUL0 acaxA^ aioSaa a Apy^^^u, iouiajio 
roTOBBOCTBK) Kb KaKBiTB yroABO a^epiBaMTi paAB TOBapan^ecTBa, a 
TOBapan^ecTBa b*b oacci ae 6vulo a rlaa. MesAy XpyrHua yne- 
aamma TBEace ae saMiqaaocB ricaHxi ApyAOCKaxi CBaseft. 
KaaccB (Sbutb pa8o5n;eBi a sanyraai; EasAuft 8a6oTaaca JianiB 
o ce61 a o ceoeft penyTa^ia b'b rjiasaxi Raaccaoft js?k}ija. 

Ojibtb HeTpoBaa fla^eaRO, aama Kaaccaaa Afti^) npeACiaa- 
aaaa co6oft acBBoe Bonaon^eaie xaaHecTBa npaaania a aca^ec- 
Boft noRasBOft AoCpoA'^rejia. TaRoft Tana^aoft CTapoft a^bu (rbrb 
npanaTO axi pbcobbtb), acearot, rbri aaHOBi, Ton^eft, RaRi» 
cnBHRa, a 8Jioft, pasApasareJiBaoft, rbr'b $ypiB,a Apyroft ae Bcrpt- 
^aaa. KpaaaaBuft nra^ift fojiocb ea ^6auft a^bb pasAaaaaca b:b 
^Rnacci, a MaaeaBde RpucBa raasaa, Toa-Alao, maupaaa no nap- 
Tarn, B'B TO apeaa, rbri ROCTaaBue naaBitEi npoBopao 6iraaa 
no aasaaBBHiTB cnaifaHi cb fiesRoae^iaturB HyaaoirB. 

— Eaeaa JIosaitRaal — ofipan^aaacBoaa ro aai:— Ban, rbrb 
nepaoft yneaai^i, aenpaaa^tao noApaacaTB APy^HifB a oraaAuaaTBca 
BO Bpeiia ypoROBi aa saAfliB CRaicBa. 

— A Bu ^ero tbhi cicieTecB, RopoaoBBTB? 9ro aepx'B ae- 
upajiB^Ia. 



% PyCCKOB BOFATCTBO. 

— rocuojp, jifiy Bi^B, TenepB nepeiiiHa. HeyxeJiH h sacirljiTbca 

— J[a pBSBi TaKl CMiiOTCH CjiarOBOCHBTaHHUA A^BBI^BI? Bu 

QCKajiBBaeie i^ecB poii, tohbo jiomaAB. KpacHOBa^ bu ho Ayu^Te, 
HTO H B6 BHJicy n BamHXi rpHiiacB. 061) hex's Toase 6yjifirb ao- 
jioacBHO AbbIj AjieKcaHApOBHi. 

— Oiiira neipoBHa, jymeHKa, HayHHie Mena BasaiB ^yjncn! — 
no^PBTaJia bi* axo BpeHfl kii HBHenKO xopomeHLRaji, Becejiaa, 
KEKi DTH^Ka. Hbc^ JI^H^ecKyji'L. flH^eHKQ Dpexjie Bcero ^o;^03pH- 
TejtBBO BrJiii;^h]BajiacB B'b A^BO^Ky e, tojilro ne saM^THBi bi JiBi^i 
eji BBKaKoro ROBapsaio yMucjia, cooamajiacB CjiarocKJOioHHO npH- 
HflTB npociCy; Mex^y liMi Hsca, oahoA pyKofi HeiepnijiHBO 
BHpHBaii B3^ ea pyKi ^yjioKX, Apyrofl HeaaMtxHo KJiajia at 3to 
BpeHH eft sa ronoBy KOMO'^eE'k CDyTaHHUx'b bbtor'b. 

— OjiLra neipoBHa, ^to OHacxBaMH sijiaers, cMOTpHie! — 
pasftaBaJicJi TOTHacb ate mnioHCRift rojiocb Roro-HB6yAb bsx 6jiaro- 
BpaBBHx^, E BBHOBHBiia majiocTH Hecjia sacjiysceHHoe HBRasaBie. 

tlo He TOJibRO majiocTH 6ujih BeBOSMoacHU npn raRoft cii- 
creM*! BOCiiEiiaHiB,ocEOBaBHoflHaBaymH£HecTBiH ^BCTO-BninmHX'b 
upHJiH^iJix^, BO H, BOoCDae, BMRaa BHBiUaTHBa ryCnjiacB bi a*- 
Tm% Bt cauoMi sapoABini'i^. Ao6poHpaBie h 0(|)$Bi^ajiBHafl nopa- 

AOlfiOCTB TpeCOBBJIH, HT06u Ba BaiDHX'B JlBKaXI> BOCTOflBHO 6UJIH 

HaDHCaHH— TBxaa borophoctb, cjiamaBoe ncRaiejiBCTBO h a*Jiobb- 
xaa o^a6oHeBHoCTB, h caMo co6ft bbixoahjio, hto Jmi^a HamH bu- 
pajiaJiH Bcer^a oTynjiaiomyH) CRyRy b saxaeHHyK) ne^ajiB. Fhm^ 
easiJi iJBJiirjiacB jifla. Eaci> MiciOM'B butrh b BCB^ecRBxi MyHenlfi, 
a AOU'B — o6'l.toBaBHOft seMJsefi, ROTopoft mosho 6bijio AOCTBrsyiB^ 
JIBHIB npolSjifl DycTMHH) CRy^BBixi ypoROBi n HenpiaiHHX'B Mym- 

XpOBaBld DpBJ^BpiBBOfl RJiaCCBOft AaMH. BxOAfl yTpOMl) B'b RJia(X'B) 

npe^A^ ^iMiv BATH CB RHBraifH sa cboh) CRaMBio, mu oGaaaHBi 
Ohjih noAXOABTB wb RpecjDy Ojibih IleTpoBHH, A^JiaiB BepeAi neft 

aaKOHOMIi YCiaBOBJieBBHft RBBRCeH'B B BOBepeMiHHO npOTflrHBaXB 

BnepeAi* oSt p>rh, JiaAonaMH bbbsx: aiBMi csBAtTejiLCTBOBajiacB 
^HcioTa BaniHx^ Boneft... HcBaioro MOMeHia, bhjiotb ao yxoAa 

AOiaod, U£! EaXOABJlBCB nOA'B rBBHOTBaBpyiOII^BM'B BJliHHieM'B QB 

pBicKaion^xx scioAy muibbhbix'b oasoRi), ea orpbrob'b, ea ne- 
TepDBMaro b eecHOCHaro Aosopa. 

EcTecT&eiiHo, hto npa TaROM'B noJioaceHiH Bended rBHsaaii^ 
6HJia MH n]mj]e2Kfluxi» h cnoco6fl£ixi> yneHHi^'B tojibro apesoft 
HecTOJiK*GiJi b ECBRaro conepBHqecTBa Apyr^ c-b ApyroMi b pasBH- 
BEja Biy BflXT, AypBHa, aroHCTHHecRia nyacTBa. fl ynBjiacB 6jD[BCTa- 
lejiBBO B nepexoABJia bsI) RJiacca bi BJiaccB cb nepBBiMB narpa- 

AEMH. niEOJBHOe CaM0JIK)6ie 6BIJI0 paSBBTO BO MHi 3% BBicmeft 

cieneHH, fl 6HJia yace bo BTopoMi EJiacc%, RorAa ymniejih reorpa- 
$!b a&CTaBEjiii Mesa OAHasAU coBepmBiB no RapT^ RpyrocBiinoe 
nyiemecT&ie, K 8a6JiyABJiacB Ba RaRBXi to ocTpoBaxi, h ohs 



DHOCTB. 7 

rjTh se nocraBHJii'B imi eAnHHi^y. SI 6widk nopa^cena, KasrB rpo- 
liOiTb: eAHHHi^a b:b nepsuft pa8i» vh jrh3hh!.. Tohho orpoiCHuft 
KaneHB CBaJinJicfl BHesaimo cb noioJiKa h npHmH6'B moha. Bi> thm- 
HasiH A, npaBAa, yxepsaJnacB orb cjies^b, ho, BepnyBinHCB aohoS, 
xaRi ropBRo njnaRajia, KaR'B HHRorAa b'b shshh, nJiaRaJia 6ed'B 
ROfli](a, H^CROJiBRo AHefl noA'B-p^A'B. 3acHy b'b cjiesaxi, npocnycB 

yrpOM'B, BCnOHHK) TOTHaCB, HTO Bl HH8HH MOOft npOHaOIIIJIO HTO- 

TO yacacHoe, HenonpasHMoe, h odhtb sajiBiocB cjiesaMH... Moeny 
HecTOJiioCHBOBfy cep^ity RasaorocB, ^to a norH6j[a yxe naBceraa, 
^TO rojiOBa MOfl noRpfirra HecuuBaeHBiM'B bo-b^rh nosopoiTB... 
PoABTejiAirB c% ipyAOMi y^aJiocB yxiimHTB Menfl. He CMOTpa na 
noJuy^eHHBUE nocjii Toro naiepRH hsi CTpanmofi reorpa^iH, a ]](%- 
jifirfl roA'B 6oajiacB, hto 6yAy ociaBJieHa b'b tqm'b xq Rjsacci. 
KorAa BCRop'i^ nocjii dRsaiceHOB'B a nma pas'B ex MaxepBH) no 
yjiHi[t, cepAi^e Moe saxpo^Raao otb HeBBipasHiiaro crpaxa npH 
BJijA HanpaBJiafomefica nau'B na Bcrpi^y Sn^eHRO, ROTopaa cb 
o6£iHHOfl CBoefl RBCJiocjiaAROft yjiu6oHROfl roioBiuKacB, noBHAHMOif y, 
vo-To cooGn^HTB Moeft MaiepH. 

— MojRHO nosApaBHTB BacB, m-me JIOsHiiRaa, cb ycn'lxaicH 

AOTOpH. . 

Mh4 noHyAHJiocB, hto OJCbra IleTpoBHa exHACTByera, HaneRaa 
Ha TO, HTO HH^ HasHa^eHa nepeAepjRRa hs'b reorpa^in, h rpobb 
sacTBiJia B'B MOHXi SHJiaxi... II RaRoft s6 BspuB'B BocTopra ox- 
BaTHJi'B Hoea, RaRoft npHJiHBi» ropAOcxH on^TflJia a, RorAa ORa- 
sajiocB, HTO a ne tojibro nepeBeAena b'b Tpeiift RaaccB, ho h no- 
JiyHHaa nepByio narpaAy. Tpeiift RjiaccBl Ilepsaa narpaAa! RaRia 
axo 6njih MarnqecRia caoBa, sacxaBjiaBinia nena bucoro noAHHsiarB 
roaoBy, Rp'i^HRO-Rp^HRO cacHMaTB MaicHHy pyRy h 6aecTan^HifH, 
ropAUMH raasaifH CMOip'i^TB bi ea CHacTaHBue raasa. 



11. 

Hhcr, TaHfl M BaHAa. 

ToaBRo Cb nepexoAOiTB b'b Tpeiift RaaccB uu ocBooojsflJLuichy 
HaROHOAB, orB OaBrH neipoBHH ^hhohro, h ioibro cb dioro 
BpeHOHH HananacB jiflsi nena dpa nacioan^eft rHMHasHqecROft 

^aCHSHH, ROIOpOft HpiaiHO BCnOMHHIB. Ho MU 6hUlJl HaCTOaBRO 

yjR6 sarHaHH n nponHianfii AyxoifB RaaeHnaro GaaronpaBia, ?to 
CO ciopoHu HOBOft RaacCHOfi ABJm noipe6oBaaHCB caifna aaeprHH- 
Hiia ycHaia A^a Toro, ^io6ii npo6yAHiB nacB oib npsBu^uoft 
yifCTBOHHOft cna^RH H BaaociH. TaRofl Raacceoft A^tMoft aBsaacB 
Go^Ba AHApeeBHa JI,iaH0Ba, MoaoAaa, RpacHBaa seHH^HHa, He- 
o6uRH0BeHHo yMHaa, Beceaaro xapaRiepa, BpasAefinaro BcaROny 
$opiiaaH8uy h saiaHyroft B'B RopcexB TOHOpsocia. Jl^axe h ca* 



8 P7CCR0B BOrATGTBO. 

HM BH^oiHocTB ofl iipiflTHO 6pocajiacB B'B rjmsa CBoeft bojibho-* 

J[H>6HB0d OpHTHHaJIBHOCTBiO: OX^BaJiaCB OSa H6 608% HBHO^eCTBa, 

Eo Bcer^^a b:l Bucmeft CTeneHH npocro, Tepiriib ne KorJora Qum- 

BM11>, MOAHMXl B^b TO BpeHH, TypmopOBl n, Kb HejAOBOJIBCTBiH) 

Ha^ajTBCTBa, nocHJira RopoTRie bojiocki, naAaapiie eft Ha njieHH 

EpaCaBUMH BOJIHHCTUMH Up^Bm. IIpOCTafly HCBpeHHO JU06flIZ(aJI 

aIt€3, /l^iaeoBa CKopo CA^iiajiacB Kpnspom Bcero BJiacca, h c^ 
Bed MhL eaaepepuB'B xbrnjiiich HamHMH icaJieHLRHiiH paAOCiflHH, 
ipeBoraMH a oropneHlflEH. 

— A^^^i HaAO TenepB noHrpaiB h noCiraiB,— roBopHJia Hairb 
Co^l^iH AHj^peeBHai EaR'B tojibko Hacrynajiia nepeHiaa; a mu 
nepBoe Bpeufl sajmcB, no o6uRHOB6HiH), kb CRanBairB h ho 
sHajiB^ 1T0 sHaHjiTB HrpaiB n CtraiB. Torj(a OHa cana no^aBajm 
irpuMtpii B, apeBpaii][ajiCB bi oahj H8i ciapmHX'B noApyn, sa- 
TiBaJia paBHHJi Hrpu h npoRasBi. B% ffpyroe BpeMfl OHa ^HTajna 
BaMi> Bjin HT0-HH6yAB pascRasHBajia, BcnoHHHaA o cbohxi hh- 
cTHTyTCKBxi) roAarb, ciuxa nacB OTcyrcTBieiTB B'B nameft cpexl 
TOBapen^ecKaro Ayxa n iipo6y»Aaa bi iohbix'b yMax'B Mucjni, o 
ROTopuxx paHBme ora ho hm^jdi HERaRoro noHailH. HaymHH- 
^ecTBo H mcioHCTBo OHa BUBOJia cpasy^ TaRi tto BCicopi on 
HB£i> ee ocraJiocB h cuiffi^. Mu crajiH pasBHSHie, ecTecTBeHH'&e, 
majioBJiEBte, h BorB bc^a^b sa majiocTaHH h y hbcb hoabejiocb 
fOBapHii^ectBo, a bi ^eiBepToirB Rjiacci o6pa80Bajicfl yxe xik- 
HBifl ;ipy^ecElft RpysLORB, ROTopufl, no cipaHHOft cjny^afiHOCTH, 
cQCTQ^ji-h ei^ sj^nanTb ynenHi^i RJiacca, CtiBnux'B bb to se 
Bpeufi H oopBHMH HpoRasHHi^aini. RpysoRi BTOTB, RyAa nonajsa 
HeueA^eeno h ji, orB TOft se Co^bh An^eeBHU noJiy^aJTB npo- 
sBBo^e tKpyjRRa 6aniR6y8yROBi»». 

Oahoio Hsi nepBuxi» BcnoMHHaeTca imi B'B hoitb TaHJi Ro- 
poEOEiEii., AOHB clAHaro cejcbcnaro cBfln^enHHRa,— neRpacHBaa, 
HeyKJiio^aH, ROMHHHaa na bha'b A^ByniRa, ho o6jiaAaBma)i sojio- 
TUM^ cep^aeM'B H OTRpBiTBurB; auisHepaAOCTHUiTB xapaRTcpoMi. 
AoKt'B uoaxB poAHTejreft HaxoAHJiCfl RaR'B pasi no cpeAHHi Ta- 
HHHaro ujim B'B rHKHasiK), h ho^th RasAoe yTpo ona safiiraara 
sa MHoiD, qTo6B[ BMicrl HATH B'B RJiaccB. SI co6Hpaj[a emfi REHrH, 
HacEopo rjioTaa neacAy TiifB CTaRaHB ^K) h imcJieHHO npoBipna 
CBOH sHaniH no RaR0My-HH6yAB npeAMeTy, RaRi B'B A^epHxi) 
yjte noKasHBaJiocB ea yJIH6aH)^^eeca, BcerAa apRO-6arpoBoe jihd[0 
c^ 6qjii>ii]rm'& ocrpfinrB hocom'b h HeBEq)a8HTejiBHui£H RapnicH^ 
rjnasaME. ItopOHOBH^'B ho npo^B 6uJia no^panTHTB, ho OAexAa 
BHcljia, 101H0 Ha Bi^maJiRi, na ea bucoroSi, necRJiaA'ioft ^arypi. 
OAsaEo, BCH aTa nenpEBJieRaTejiBHaa BHlmnocTB cb HBJimnROM'B 
HCEynajiacb sapasHTOJiBHO-paAOCTHBiirB cirlxoiTBy MHJioft necMOic- 
EaeMofi 6ojtTOBHeft n CB^TJioft yjiBi6R0ft, He cxoAHameft cb py- 
Hiiiiiaxx, coiHux'B ry6'B, noAB ROTopuicH TaRX h 6jiecTiJiA 6ojib- 
mie, HeupaBHJiBHue, ho ocJiinHTeoiBHO 6ijiue 8y6iii. 



H)HOCTB. 9 

— Tu BC6 Bmfi KonaeoibCfl, JIosHi^Rafl, habitbI — BcspHRHBajia 
TPHfl, exsa TOJiBKo nepecTyoaJia noporb xoeft ROKHaiH^ — h b-b 
KOKHaTi, KaKb H Bi j^wb, cpasy CTaHOBBJuocB npH Bnjijb e& 
CB%uo H Becejuo: SAopoBoft 6oapoctbk), 'MOJioAoft H pa^ocTHofi 
HonocijpHBOCTbio B^^jio 0TB Bcoft ^^Hrypii, OTB BC6ro cyn^ecTBa 
910t HOBpaCHBOft, HOCKJiaXHOft A^BymKH-noApocTBa. 

— HAevB xe, HAenx, Jlenal HamH 6ainH6y8yBn bcI yse 
oinpaBUJOicB. CeroAHa 6yAerB ohohb Becejio. 

— A HTO TBROe? 

. — Hnca xoien OAny mryKy ycipoHTB ^paHiQ^ay... Axi, 
roJiy6ymBa, hto h sa npejueciB ara HhcaI Bon Boro ctohtb 
jao6nTb. SHaeniB, n npocro-iaRH BJooCoieHa b'b HeeHroiOBa— Hy^ 
He BHaio Him roTOBa fin a^ neji nosepiBOBaiB! RaKaa oHa 
cidJiafl, ebrIa imcjni eft b'b rojsoBy npHXOAflnl Hy, Bon bobbmh 
Aa y6eft ueusi—B hh si hto He npHAyvaio HHsasoft majiocTH, 
a OHa, rjiflAHHiB, Taxoe BincHnei'B, ?to npocTO shbothrh naAO- 
pBaib. H H BcerAa, BcerAa nons^ycB, a osa, saxo^en^ HHEorAa 
He nonaAeica! 

— A AftBHO-JiB TH pyrajDa Hhck) sa TpycociB, a BJiioSjieHa 
tiiuia Bi BaHAy rpiejacByio? 

— TaicB HTO SI, fl H lenepB CKasy, ito BaHAa y naci 
caMaa yicHafl b'b RJiacci. Hy, h canafl TaepAaa. Ho tojibko ona 
xHTpaa... yacB KaKB ra ee hh sa^Hii^aft, a OHa— CKpuTHHqa* 
YrB, KaRafl CRpnTHHiiia! Ona, bi cy^HociH, n AyKaso? npesH- 
paerB TOBapsHiefl. A Hhca— aia bch, RaRi na JiaAOHH. y nea 
cepAne octb, botb hto. H dio tojibro RaiRerrca TaRi HHorAa, 
6yAT0 ona ipycHxa, a na a^^ ona sa ToaapH^eft bi ofohb h 
B'B BOAy HoftAerBl Tbrhsb a 6oJiBnie Bcero juodaio, boitb rbri 
Hflca Hjm Tu! 

S nopuBHCTuiTB ABuseHleicx Tana neosHAaHHO oxBaruBajna 
Mena, tohho searlsHuirB ROJiBitoirB, cbohmh a^hhhvmoi, SAopo* 
BHKH pyRaicH h 8B0HR0 i^aoBaxa B'B cai^ua ry6ii. 

— A RaR'B se He ohohb a^bho en^e tu i xena o6BHHaaa 

Vb CRpUTHOCTH? 

— Hy, HTO JR-B, o6BHHajia. Th CRpHTffle Hhch, a Haca 
CKpHTHie MOHa. 9to HHHero ne sHa^nrB. J[k)6htb tu yHieniB 
Bce-TaRH RptoRO H 0TB Bcoro copAi^a. OAHaRO, GixaicB CRopie, 
ittJOHRa, B^AB onosAaeiTB. 

^ — Tf^ se onosAaeiTBy rofab Bcero en^e HOTaepTB AOBaiaro. 

ypORH TU BHaeiHB COFOAOa? 

— Ay Haci HTO ceroAHa? SaROHB^io Boxift a npano hoa^ 

8y60KB SHP.'O. ^ 

— RaKOft 3aE0HB Boslft? GeroAHa apHeiceTHEa, reorpa^ia, 
^paHityscRlH... 

— Oft, wo TU? Heyacera?! ^a RaR'B ae aro a cnyiajia? 
GeroAHa cpoAa? 



10 PyCGXOB BOFATCTBO. 

— HirB, BTOpHHK'B. 

— TB$y! Tt^y! SI bc% ypoKH, sna^HTX, He rt npisroTO- 
BHJia/.. Hy, aBOCB, bi> nepeiri^Hy npo^HTaio. B'&XHirB! H 06*1- 
majia Hzd*]^ nopaHLme' 6utb. roBopio Te6i, ona hto-to sart- 
Baerb, noRa G6$la AHApeesHa He npHnuna... 

HeHacuibaa asaacAa noBaro, Heo6uRHOB6HHaro, ^ero-Ha6yAB 
BuxoAfln^aro TH'S'b paMORi CKy^HOft o6uAeHH0CTH, b^iho xoMSJia 
H rjioAaJia dry fiesnoRoflHyio, cTpaHHyio, nejiinyio bb o6nifiui> 
A'^syniRy. IIocTOflHHO xoxona, CTpacTHO JiK)6a »h8hb h Bci en 
7)aA0CTH, ona bb to «e BpeiiA, nasajiocB, nocTOHHHO CRy^ajia h 

THFOTEJiaCB SCHSHBK), CJIOBHO HyTRO IipHCJiymHBaflCB, F6rB-JIH TJS^ 

xoTB HaAejRAu Ba ?to-jih6o dRCTpaopAHHapnoe, 3axBaTUBaH)ii^ee. 
ByxB TaHH KpacaBHi^eft, ona npn CBoein* xapaRiept, npn 3T0ft 
cxpacTHoft ipeBOSHOCTH CBoeft eaxypH, RoneHHO, Kpy2;HJia 6u 
rojiOBBi MOJuoAeacH n noApyrB; oco6eHHO njiiHHTeJiBHa 6ujia b'b 
Hefl rjiy6oRaH HCRpeHHocxB, TenJian saAymeBHOCiB h 6e33aBiTHaa 
roTOBHocTB AJw ApyroFo Ha BcaRyK) xepTBy. Ho Taaa 6HJia, na 
CBoe HecqacTBB, onenB neRpacsBa, h Bci c^HrajiH ee ne sara- 
AOHHOfl H HHTepecHoft, a TOJiBRo B36ajiiconiHoft H nejiinofty h bc^ 
TOJiBKO CMifljiHCB HaA^ as 6ypHoft 9RcnaHCHBHOCTB«o H crpeuB- 
TejiBHocTBK); pi;^o rto hsi noApyra jiK)6HjrB ee laRB, KaRi ona 
sacJiyscHBajia. 

OicyiCTBie TBop^ecROft ^aHiasiH ne no3BOJUiJ[o Tani HBJuaxBca 
saHBHn^En^eft rHMHa3BqecRHX'B npoRasi^, ho ona oxotho npncoe- 
AHH£[jiacB RasRAi^A P^si R'b HJianaMi^, co3AaBaeMUMB APyrHHH, 
npsqeM'B jiK)6HJia aoboahtb Bce ao rpaHAi03HurB, HucTO-roHepn- 
HecRHX'B pasM-lpoBi). Bnxoarh, HAen ROTopsix'B npnnaAiiejRajra 
ed caMofl, oiJis^ajincB BcerAa ahroctbk) h necypasHOCTBio. TaRi, 
Ha ypoKaxx pyROA^JiM y MapBn CeiieHOBHH, oneHB noHTOHHoft 
H cojiHAHOfl ASLMu, HOMHoro HpHmeneTBiBaBnieft h hoctohhho no- 
HpaBJiaBmefi npH^ecRy, Koxopaa npBRpuBajia ea JoiCHHy, Ropo- 

HOBHHB JUOGHJia HdAaiB B'B 06M0p0R'B, CTapaflCB npn dTOlTB 

rpy3H0 HaBajiHTBCH BciifB tIjioh'b Ha efl ctojtb, ^toSbi bco onpo- 

KBHYTB H npOHSBeCTH HOJIHUfl HepeOOJIOXI). 

Ho fiOTB npHfiiaiajin mh cb Tanefl B'B rmfHasiio. Co^bh 
AHApeeBHu emfi wbrb, h bi Rjiacci ctobtb HeBOo6pa3HMufl myiTB 
H raajiT^. Ho caMofi cepoAHHi KOMHaxH, nepeAi* orpoMHofl Rjnac- 
CHOfi AocRofl, KpacHBO HOAfio^eHJiCB, HJwmerB pyccKyK) xopojnegjr 
KdLR MOJiAaBanoHRa Haca ^HiecRyjiB; na^HHaerB RpeejiflTBca, tp 
yoioHce noAHJiflcuBaa, h BJiiofijiraHafl bi nee TaHH KopoHosH^B. 
KaRB TOJIBRO npHHiJia ona bb KJiacCB n yBHAaJia Hhck), xaRB h 
saSujia cefinacB npo cboh 6jiaria HaMipenia sarjiaHyrB bb ne- 
nparoTOBJieHHHe ypoRH. Hnca, Bnpo^eiTB, $aBopHTRa ^iJIa^o 
Rjnacca n jifi^xie Bcefl rnMHa3iH. MajienbRaa, CTpofinaa, rpa£U03H0 
CJioaceHHaa, HOABusmaa^ RaRi* nxHHRa, ci» ropa^HiTB pyMHHi^eBrB 
BO Bcio JSfiKjj ona to h A'^^o noRasusaerB cboh BOcxHTHTeoiB- 



IDHOCTB. U 

Hiie syCEH, MajsesBKie, poBHue, RaK^b iceaiKift 6Hcep'B, 6ijnie, 
xaBi* xeuHyrb. TeMHiie rjiasa, oixiHeHHue AJiHHHHiffi, nepHHHE 
picHHi^aiiH, ropiirb saAopHHiTb h BMicii JsyKaBsiirb oroHBROin>. 
Eesne^Baji, jierKOHUCjieHHafl, ^ohhcIh 6e8'B Tpy^a 'noAASteica 
BCAKOMy BHimHeify BJOHBiio: ceMBa seJiaerB CA'^naTB h8b hoh 
jRenaHByH) h MaBepHyio 6apuinBK), a BospacrB H*no;ipyrB ta- 
HyTB KB majiocTaHBy KB TOBapHB^eCTBy. HaA^^eHHaa :rbbbiicb h 
SoraiuHB Boo6paaceHi6MB, Ji^loBSkcia Hsofip^iaeiB ptiiiHTejiBHO 
Bok HAeB naiBHX'B npoKasB, h b'b dioifB CMuca*]^ AOJi:KHa 6£itb 
upBBBaHa KOHOBOAOHB KJiacca. IIpaBAa, ee BejiBsa nasBaxB 6e8- 
yKopB8BeHflo-xpa6pofi bo Bpena B«B86tjKH0 nacTynaion^HX'B pac- 
njiaii, B ecjiH bb o6JBfiWb osa jifipsRHTCH Bce qko AociaTOHBO 

CTOfiRO, TO OaBHUMl 06pa30HB BOTOMy, HTO CJIHmKOMB AOpO- 

ZHT'B MBiflieMB BOApyrB ce6i. OA^Ta OHa BcerAa H8JiiitB0, 

JUOCbT'B Hap^AH H B6 BpOHB nOKOKBTHBHaTB. 

— A HTO, rocnoAa, ae ycxpoHTB-jm naiiB ceroAHfl KaKoft-Hii- 
6yAB cH)piipH3B GeAopy GeAopoBH^y?— cnpaniHBaerB BApyrB Hhm, 
o6pan^aacB kb RJiaccy. 

TaBB KopOBOBBHB, HOBBAHMOMy, TOrO TODBEO H JKAaJia. 

— HoJioxHTB mBa6py Ba noport — owh nenpeiAHflo cnoT- 
XHeical — BCKpflRHBaeTB osa BOCTOpxeHBO. 

— Bin, B 6u bOtb hto CA^Jiajia: y FpiejiBCKOfi octb CTRJiBBRa 
ci» pacTBopoMB ryMMH-apa6flKa... botb o6jihtb-6h euy Kpecjio. 

IIpeA^oaceBie BcipinaeTCB o6msLM.'b ch^xomb h ocrpoTaHH, ho 

rpOSBTB OCTaTBCB BX 06jiaCTB TeoplH, TaRB RaKB HHRTO HO Bil- 

pajRaeTB totobbocth BepBOft bsbtbch saero ocymeciBJueHie. Jlfixe 
6ypH0CTpeiiBTejiBHaB TaHB tjibabtb bo Bci rjiasa na Hhck), CTa- 
paBCB yraAaTB no BupaxesiH) ea JHHi^a, myTBrb osa bjih roBo- 
PHTB cepBe8flo. 

— jl,a bu bto TaRB fiojuraexe tojibko, a CA&iaTB HHROiAa ne 
piniBTecB! 

TaKofi BpoHH^ecRift, BUdHBaionUft Bosrjiaci pasAaexca cb oahoA 
H8B cpeABHX'B cRaiieeKB, Tji^i CBAHTB Bama KJiaccBaa apHCTORpaTia, 
BcerAa BpaacAeCflaa KpyaKy «6aiiiH6y3yROBB»— AeMORpaiOBB. Fo-^ 
BopflTB HBfla- B'ijioxB, OHOHB HeRpacHBaa cicyrjiaHEa cb a^ihh- 

BHMTi capBCTORpaTHHeCRBM'bi HOCOUTi H yMHUMB BUpaSLeHleMB 

KapflXB, BcerAa flacMiniJiBBUXT> raas'B. 

ToHHO H Be cjiBimaBB AepsRaro BusoBa, Hhcb JI.HHecRyji'B Ha- 
aoTB hbhctobo RpysBTBca no RJiaccy, rpoioco san^Baa bo- 
cejiuft MOTBBB, a ea HeBSiiiHHuft CaH^o-IIaHCO — Tana Kopo- 
HOBHHB pacTepaHflO CTOHrB na oahomb h^ct^, RaRB 6u ho ao- 
yM^Baa, "ito eft cjiiAyerB npoAnpnaaxb. }Ifi npssnaTLca, h Bcb 
<6amB6y8yRHi HyscTByiorB ce6a h^crojibro hojiobro; a cava 
BaxosycB bb K0Jie6aHm... Ho Mesa npeAynpe»AaeTB BanAa PpleaB- 
CKaa, cflABn;aa paAOHB co MHOfi, cb Kpaio CRaHefiKU^H, noBHAB- 
Movy, Bca norpyxeBHaa bb npocMaxpHBaHBe ypoRa apnoMeTBRB. 



^Hl 



12 FFGCKOB BOFATCTfiO. 

Sax's BcerAa, CjAxHaa e pinniTeiiBHafl, ho desvojiBHafl, osa BHe- 
saiiHO noAEHMaeicfl cb iiicTa, 6epeT:b CBOft ^JiaxoH^b ci rymcH- 
apa6HK0iii E cojofAHUHH, CM^jiuicH maraicH HanpaBJUfleiCfl cs 
HHifb Kb yiHTejiBCROft KaooApi* Bci omejuoiuieHii; KTHOBefide Bci 
uojiHa xiKjTb, HTO Bon-Bon rposHuft ^JuaKOHi onpoRSHerca, h 
cjiyHHTCfl H66fiiBajud[ CKaHAaiTb... HepenyraHHaa bc^xi 6ojibme, 
Hbcji eABa ycn^Baen cxBaTHiB PpiejiBCRyH) sa pyxy. 

— Ciolk, BaHAOHBa! SUdJLh 6%XHaro Oexopa GeAopoBna... 
jnyHine ymi> Ha APyroirB ypoxi xu cxIjiadniB aio. A a Bon ^e- 
jifl$occy yso kob-hto ycrpoio... 

TojubRO nocjii n^ROTopoft ^oph6u BaHAa noRopaercfl e tbrl- 
se cnoRoftHo h piniHTejiBHO BosBpan^aerca na CBoe irlcTO. 

9Ta cipaHHafl, saMRHyTaH bi ce6t A^Bymaa Sujua-fiu, B%po- 
flTHO, HeoCiiRHOBeBHoft RpacaBEi](eft, ecjiE-6u secTOxaa cyAB6a ne 
CA'bJiajia ea BMicrl ci itirb aRaaiRHM's ypoAi^eMi— rop6yHBeS h 
H He HajiojREJui Ha ea BcerAa 6j^AHoe jiHito oco6oft crpaAaiB- 
HecRolk nenaTE. Ho eto npECTajiBHte BrjUA^^ca 6h bi bto jih- 
moHHoe RpacoRB shshh jihi^o, Ton HeBOJu»HO 3ajuo6oBajicfl*6H 

H BUCORElTb, HECTUJirL JI[6oirB, Ha ROTOpOMB CB^THJICH TaROft yiTb, 
E rOptBDIHMH HOAB HElTb, TOHHO AB^ SBiSAU, HyAHUEE JiyaCTilMH 

rjBtasaEE He to CEnaro, He to ^epnaro i^aiTa (ero nejiBSJi 6iiJiia 
TOHHO onpexljniTb). BupaseHle btexi rjiadi 6ujio xaKB se e3- 

M^HUBO; RaKb E EXl I^Bix^b: EHOrAE OHE BiipasaJIE HbaKHOCTB 

E SesnpoAiiiBHyH) rpycTb, e TorAa cTpysJiE uhsxie hotore Ten- 

JHUXl, JiaCROBUX^b, CBiTSBLTb JiyHeft... Ho 3T0 6UBaJD[0 JIEmB BB 

P'IakIh MEHyTii RaRoro-HE6yAB H&RHaro nopuBa e APy^^Koft 
pacnojioseHHOCTH. ?an^e Bcero, ocxaBaflCB rjiy6oRO ne^aABHimE| 
rjiasa rpiejuBCROlk rjiaA^JiE cxporo, xojiOAHO-cypoBO, hotte npes- 
pETejiBHo, 0T6pacfi[BaH, RasajiocB, na i^ijoie aochtre BepcTB Toro 
canaro qeJuoB^Ra, Boioparo nepeA'B rbwb tojibro ho JiacRajiE h 
rpijiE. BesB H^BCTBa 6ojui e HenoHaTHoft TpeBora bb jijuA 
HejTBSH 6hULo BUA^pkEBaTB dioFO Jiy^flCTaro, CTporaro e BcerAa 
rpycTHaro BsrjiaAa... Sfii pocRomniirB rocbi npeJiecxHaTO Ranira- 
Hoaaro aa^Ta BaHAa yaaaABiBajia BORpyrB fojiobu bb bha^ 
B^HRa, E 310 npEAasajio i^apcTBeHHuft beab ea cEepxejiBHO-SjiiiT- 
Houy JiEity CB RJiaccEHecRE-npaBEJiBHBiicE HepxaME, cb ropi^o 
pacmHpeHHUME hosaphmh RpacRaaro, cnijio o^epneHHaro aoca. 
Ho Rpacoxa C^AHofi rop6yHBE orpaHEUBsuiacb tojebro OAHoft r^ 
JiOBOK). $E3E«iecRoe ypoACXBO, RaxB BcerAa 3x0 (SuBaexB, ocxiP 
BEJio ESB^xHuft cJi^A^ E Ha BceEB xapaRxepi neciacxHOft A^* 
ByniKE, cxpanmo aaicRHjrxoEB, Heo6£iRsoBeHao caE0JiK>6EB0EB a 

HOAOSpflTeJIBHOHB, HiCROJHfBRO A^^ OBJIoSjieHHOEB... 

HpEMRHyBB RB «RpysRy 6aniB6y3yR0BB> e nacxo pyaoaoAa 
caMBiME cE^jnuHE H8B HaiHHXB Hpo^^JiOR^, ^aHAa HO 6£Uia ma- 
jiOBJiBBOfi E BeceJioft BB o6hwomb CMUCJii 3XEXB CJIOBB. Oaa E 
B% BecejiBE yM&[a ocxaaaxBca BcerAa bb Bucmeft cxeneaE cepB* 



IDEOCTB. 13 

esHoft H ciporot. B'b Cojiie nosAHia BpoMeHa, RorAa bi Rpyiy 
tirasBBxi noApyr^ b*b ea npHcyrcTBlH, saxoAHJi'B, oiyHajiocb, pas- 
roBopi^ TaRHXi Ben^arb, Ram jsioCobb h sany^ecTBO, FpiejiB- 
CKafl, noHHRHyBi rojiOBOft h hopbho nepe6np?fl ^apTyRi cbohhh 
jlJBHHHHMH, noABHSBHMH najirBi](aiiH, rjiflA'&iia TaRHMi iporatejiBHo- 

neHaJIBHiUI'b BBTMAOKI, HTO HH, SaviTABB CBOIO 668TaRTHOCTL, 

cninivjQi CRop'le nepoBecTB 66cbjij na Apyi'oft npeniMerB. BsrjiiiA'B 
aron cjiobho roBopHJii Hairs, hto bb Mlp^, fa^ SHBerx h AOJisHa 
JKHTB ana^ wbiJ> udoae cjhobi, 6*1x1 noHJiTift o toitb c^aciBH, o 

ROTOpOlTB 60JITajlH H HeHTaJIH MU, BAOpOBHA, HO 06HSeHHafl CJAB- 

6oft AiBymRB. 



in. 

rieAarorK-KOMHKN— Hmcnhb uiaiiocTb^ 

yAapHJTB 8b6hORB — H BCi CTpeMTJiaBTi 6pOCBJIHCB Ha M'ICTa. 

Ge^opi 6ftAopoBHTB J[K>6eitRift, jHsxejiB apHOMerHRH, 6ujrB $eHo- 
HOHajiBHO nyHRTyajiBHufl hbjiobIr'b, h eABa ycnisaJii CTHxnyTB 
noci^AHlfi OTSByai KOJiOROJiBHHRa BB pysaxB CTopo^sa CeMena, 
en^e CTOBBmaro na Bepxneft ciyneHBRi jAcmsmfn^ seAnieft b'b 
niBefiitapcRyK), RaRi ohb ofiulcHOBeHO buxoahjtb yxe hsb y^H- 

TejTBCROft H TOpOHJIBBOft, pHTMHHeCRH-njiaBHOft HOXOAROft TpyCHJTB 

no BaHpaBJieBiH) rb RJiaccy. 

GeAopi GoAopoBH^B, no o6uRHOB6HiK), Becejio yjD[u6aeTCfl 

CBOBHB mHpOKBHB, UaARO BU6pHTHU'B, CJIOBHO OTmJIH^OBaHHBIH^B* 
JHItOlfB H CHaCTJOHBO TJIflAHT'B Ha HBCB CTpaiBHO 6jD[H80pyRH]ni, 

npHmypeHHuuH rjiasaHH. O^eBHAHO, GoAop'B GeAopoBH^i ceroAHH 
vb Ayxi: Bci rpoMRO BSAOxnyjiH, y bc^xb OTJuerjio otb cepAaa. 
TenepB Bce noijifiTb^ rbrb no saBeAOHHOMy, TaRB ^to RasAoe 
A?H}ReHie, hohth RaxAoe cjiobo jnTeuR hu mojromb npoACRasaTB 
lyiB-jiH H6 CB MaTeiraTH^ecROfi tohhoctbk). 

— CaAHTecB, rocnoAa, no»aftJiycTa, caAHTecB! 

GeAopB GoAopoBHHB noAJieraeTB rb RaeeApi n, ocxoposHO, 
no<iTH 6jiaroroBi&HO pasABBHyBi csaAH (j^ajiAOHRH CBoero hhctohb- 
Raro BcerAa ^paRa, onycRaerca bb Rpecjio. SarbuB; Bce no npes- 
H^y cisH. H yjiH6a)iCB, ohi» AOCxaexB viz'h Rapnana aRRypaiHo 
croaReHHuft, CBepRBion^ift cnixHoft C^jibshoio hocoboA nnaxoRB. 
HacTynaeTB i^jioe CBJin^eHHOAifiCTBle. GMopRaeTca GoAop^ GeAO- 

POBH^B, HOAOChO ^HHHROBy, Heo6URHOBeHHO rpOMRO, CB ABHHMB 

^BCTBOHB BHyipeHHHro HacJia^AGHi^j ^ sariMB He nenie AByx^ 
MBHyn o6TBpaeTB nJiaTROMB hocb h ry6u bo BceBOSHO^nuxi 
HanpaBJieBijiX'b, b'b BepTBRajiBHOMB, ropHsonraJiBHOMB, AiaronajiB- 
HOMB, cupasa najiiBo n cjiina nanpaso. He a^^ Bort, ecjiH 

HOCOBOft HJSaTORB ORaBUBaJQfCfl HHOFAa SaGfilTUHB AOMa: J[K)6ei(Rlft 



U P7GGK0B BOFATCTBO. 

CTaHOBHJicfl Torxa Hpa^HEurB, KaRi xyna, h ho ojHa eAHSEn^a jRpa-* 
majna bi Ton jsfiBh RJiaccHHfi asypnajTb. Ki c^ctbh) OAHaKO, 
cjiy^ajiocB dTo npesBU^a^o piffBo, TaRi Kasi ohi 6sjrL aKsy- 
paieHi BO BceiTb n nysKTyajieHiy Kani niicei^'B, h luiaTROBrk 
61U0 wb ero KapwiHax'b Bcersa btIcrojibko. SasoHHHBi npoi^exypy 
OCTCTKH Hoca, Oexopi OexopoBHTB, no cBoeft Kpafiaeft 6jis8opj- 
BOCTH, xoxoAmmeft no^ra jno cjiinoTu, 6yBBaJibH0 yiuKaercfl ho- 
coiTb Bi sypeaJTb. Bnpo^eirb, o^Hi^iajiiBHtit RjnaccHuft »ypHajrB 
He yAOBJieTBopaen ero, h owb Bce cb Toft ^se 6jiaseHH0& yjitf6- 
Kol^ BUHHMaeTB HS'b 6oROB0ro RapHana $paRa cbok) co6cTBeHHyiD 
MHHiaTiopHyK) RHmKeTCy, BBUioaceHHyH) BnyrpH Haccoft pa3H0i](8'iT- 

BUTb RJHARCnanHpiHROB^ H COAepSHHyiO Bl yMODOHpaiHTeJilBHOft 
HHCTOTi H OUpflTHOCTH. TaiTB Tm^aTOJIBHUirb, RpaCHBBIITb MeJIRHUIb 

HOHepRoiTB sanHcaHH ^aicHJiln y^esHi^i RaKjaro Rjiacca h oTiii- 
newb TOTCaicn nopHAOR^b, bi RaROirB cjAjiyeTb hxi BHsuBaiB. Ors 
8Toro nop^AKa Oe^opB OeAopoBHi'b, Gesi caicoft RpaflHeft Heo5- 
xoAHMOCTH, He OTCTynaerb pimHrejiBHO HHRorAa, h cano co6oft 
noHJiTHO, HTO y MHorHxi un nacb saBexeHU toib b'b tohb laRin 
3M RHHsceHRH, H Kti Bcer^a OTJiH^HO sHaeiTB, Ror^a h ROMy nysHo 
roTOBHTbCH Ri ypoRy. 

He CMOTpH Ha Ao6poe pacnojioaceme syxa ynrejifl, bi RJiacci 
BOXBop^ercH HOHTH rpo6oBoe GesHOJUBie. BciirB otjih^ho HSBicTHO, 

RTO OyAOTB CerOAHH BKISBaH'b (h MeSAy npO^HlTB, A 3HaK), ^0 

TO»e AOJiacHa 6utb BUSBaHa B'b nepByio rojiOBy), — h rkwh ne 
MOH^e cepAi^a Bcix'b ROJiornn rpoicRyio TpoBory: a^o bi toitb 
^TO, no npeAaniio, CuBajm Bce-a:e piAKie, noHTH jierenAapHBie 
CJry^aH, itorAa OoAopi GeAopoBH^'b Hapymajn CBoe npasiiJio, bk- 
sKBaa He bi oiepeAb xixi, Roro xot^jii noHeny-JiHSo ncnbiraTB 
HJia noftnaTb Bpacnjioxi... Mu Bci noMHHJiH TaRse HbcROJibRo 
ciy^aeB'b, RorAa JIioSeitRift 6£iBajrb no-HCTHH6 cipameHb B'b npn- 
naARaxi* rntea, RorAa nmpoRift h 663% Toro noci ero pasAysajic^ 
na noAo6ie TpyCs, 6jni3opyRie rjiasa Merajra MOJOEsiii, a rojioci 
SByHajiii Ha Becb Rjnaccb noAo6HO puRaHiK) JibBa hjih pacRaxaiTB 
rpoiial Boo6ii^e owb 6ujrb Ao6p'b, ne nepexoAH OAHaRO bi cjia- 
6ocTb, npocTb H pasroBopHHB'b, ne aoxoas AO ^auHJib^HOCTH. Y 
OeAopa 6eAopoBH?a 6hism cboh nsjiiojSjieHHHe mecru h MaHepu, 
oneHb Hatf'b HpasHBinieca b RasasniiecH b^ Bucmefi cneneHE sa- 
OaBHfiiMH. TaKi Haap., yTRHyBmscb Timepb b% cbok) RHH^seHB 
n o6AytfiiiBaH, Roro BEisBaib, oh'b laR'b ycepAHO xjconaexi ce 
yRasaxejiLHBiHi) najibiteifb no nocy, ^xo ssyRH nuienROB'b pasAa- 
loxcH BO BceMy npHXExmeicy RJiaccy, h^ osaSo^enno CMopn^BB'b 
6poBH, CopMOTCXi: «Hy... Hy.., Hy...> Ho boxi owl BHeaanHO ox- 
RHAbiBaexcHy Becb npociflBi* onflXb, RaRi cojiHi^e, na caHHRy Rpecjia, 
xjionaexi» ce6a JiaAOHbio no Ji6y n paAOCXHO BCRpHKHBaex'b: 

— Hy, noacajiyftTe, r-ata JosHJUKaa. 

Si CHBxaiocb jiy^meft y^ennij^eft no MaxenaxiiRi, n dnepila 



KHOCTb. 15 

KpHica AOJiXHa 6uTB npHiiHcaHa CjiaropacnoaioaceHHOCTn JlK)6en- 
Karo so Kffb. Bee Bpeica OTBira ohi noxapaerB pyRH h, 

nO^TH H6 BHHBaH Bl MOH) 6HCTpyK), CJHOBHO OT^eRaHeHHyK) 

p^HB, B'b ffocTOHHCTBi ROTopoft sapaH^e yB^peHi, Mi^pno H 
6HCTpo ^anaerb roJiOBoio. Sarlicb, Bce Tauce neoacnASLHEo, 
npepuBaa Men^ na noJiycjcoBi, Becejio BCEpHKHBaen: cllpe- 
Be'CBMa ax-JiH?Ho!Ii n RHxaeTCfl CTaBHTB omkcKj. Mu sapai^e 
BHaen, hto btotb BpHRi jspsiRewh oSosHaiaTB npyrjiyio naTopRy, 
TaKJse RaR'b <BecBMa otjui^lho^, 6e8B npncraBRH cnpe» — ujitb 
cb MHHycoMi. BocRJiHi^aHie: c^yiB-iyrB ne xoporaoU — CMoipa 
no dHepilH Bosroiaca— oGosna^aerB mm ipn Ch noJiOBHHoft, Hjom 
xase Hempe ci HHHycoirb. JI^jih Raxxaro njiioca h MUHyca, ajia 
BcaRaro TOJEraafimaro OTiiHKa Gasjia y OeAopieiGeAopoBH^a EBf^eiCH 
canoe TO^Hoe cjioBecHoe onpeA^eaie... TaHH RopoHOBn^'B ce- 
roxHfl HapBaJiacB znojiyHizjia <xy«e, h^itb nocpeACTBenHo, i. e. 

XBa CB nJIIOCOHB. 06CT0flT6JIBCTB0 dTO B'B dHa^HieJIBHOft CTenOHH 

OMpavjio c^acTJiHBoe HacTpoeme Oenopa OenopoBEt'ia h, nocTa- 
BHB'B jijpapo OTM^TRy H saxjioimyBB scypnajiB, ohb jiflsro c?- 
A&irb Mojraa CB HazHypeHHUMH 6poBHMH, BB rjiy6oRoft sasysrai- 
BocTH. Ho, He CMOTpH Ha 3TH sjiOB'bnUe npHSHaRH, MH yxe 
SHaeirB, ^ro cefliacrB sojischo HanaTBca oCBACHenie HOBaro ypoRa, 
H HanpjBTjReHHaH CAepacaHHOCTB, B'B Roropoft naxoAHJiCA ao rtxB 
nopB RJiaccB, cpasy napymaeTca: hsb rpy^H bc^xb BKJieTaeirB 
B8X0XB o(S0er^eHiii, rhbackh CRJiaAUBaioTCfl, npoaexoffHrB paAocr- 
Hoe XBHacenie:.. TenepB hoscho sanHMaTBca spyrHMH ypoRaxH, 

MOXHO maJIHTB (JIBHIB 6fil HO O^eHB JTR'h rpOMRO H SaMtTHO), 

MOXHO He cJiyraaiB — Gej^opB GesopoBH^B bccb yftaeiB bb cboh 
iV^pii, AORasaTejiBCTBa h poBHO HH'iero He sairi^THrB. H botb 

OHl, AiflcteHTeJIBHO, BCTaJIB CB U^Xa, B9BJn> M&IB BB pyRH -^ 

H jsHi^o ero BHOBB npoflCHEJiocB. IIlHpoRafl yjOBiSRa pacniB^Jia, 
cjioBa nojnLSHCB EacRaAaMH, mi(|)pH CTaoni rpoMOSAHTBca OAsa na 
XpyryH) h 6ijiuH*B, pobhhmb fiacepoMB sanHcuBaTB socRy. Yhb- 
resb CB yBJieTOHieiTB, co cipacTBio oTAaerca CBoeiiy Ainy. IIohth 
RaxAyH) KHHyiy RHAaeTca oh'b otb aocrh r'b napxaicB h, hekjio- 
Haa RB HaMB CBoe Ao6poAyniHoe, cinion^ee jnmo, BOCRjnnnaeTB: 
— Bh noHHMaere? Bu noHHMaere? RaRaa mryRa bhxo- 
ABTB, a?I 

^Bi OTBirB, MU aneprH'iHO xpnceirB roJiOBaHH, noRasuaaa 
CBoe HOHHifaHie h yABBJienie, Ropna HeBHHH^finiia ^nsioHOHiH, a 
aMH poBHO HHHero He noHniiaeMB, minero He cJiymaeMB, Cpocaa 
lOA^B cypAHHRy Apyri bb Apyra ROiocaMH 6yMarH hjih npnroTOB- 
uui CJi^Ayionpe ypoRH* TaRB^ npoxoAHXB saROHHtift lacB, h, na- 
';0Heit'B, yAap^CTi CJiaroAlTejiBHuft sbohorb. GoAopi* GeAopoBH^B, 
[e MeAJia hh MHHyru, pacRJiaHnBaeroi, cnacxjuiBO yjiudaeicfl h 
xoAHTB AO CJiiAyromaro paaa... 

Kb TOMy :Re imny HeBHHH0-8a6aBHuxB HpeACiaBHTejieft jCTa^ 



16 PyCGKOB BOFATCTBO. 

poft neAaroriH npHHaffffesajii h y^HBinift MeHfl bi luraAinHX'B 
KJiaccax'E $paHi](y8CR0My awkj — HsaHi HBanoBHTb Manydn, 
70-jiiTHifl CTapHRii, CuBinift, no ero co6cTB6HHim pascKasairb, 
npocTHHTi (SapaCaHnpROM'b bi BejiHKofl apidH HanoJieoHa I h 
ocTa^Biniflca noaii Toro naBcerAa wb PoccIh. 8io 6fiurb omeoh 
Mflndft H AoCpoAyniHHfl nasoBiKB, y ROToparo uu poBHo HH^eny 
He Haj^ajnicB, noroMy hto (SecixoBajiB Ha jposaxi o conep- 
meHHO nocTopoHHBX'b npeAMeTax'L: y^Hrejib fijiaroAymHO pascBa- 
sHBajTB HaHi» HanojieoHi, o CBoefi nponuiolk h HacroflH^oft 
JKH8HH, a ecjiH 6iiJ[a noHeMy-jiB6o bi OTcyrcTBiH KJiaccHaA sana, 
TO H nocJii]iHeirL rHKHasH^ecBOMi cobIt^ vxb laRofi-TO yu- 
TOJiL cKasajnTi TO-TO, a APyroft BupasHJuca TaKB-TO (nociri^ee ne- 
pejaBajiocB TaHHCTBOHHUMi monoTOMiy cb yMopHxejiBHfincH orjun-- 
RBMH Ha cTOKJiflHHyK) RjnaccHyK) ABopB). IlHorffa, no Hameft 
npocB6iiy ManyajiB HHiaji-B hbitb hs^b Raicoft HH6yxB noxcynyisoft 
eiiy KHHSRH pyccRie cthxh, KOTopue noHeny-TO ohohb jhoChjtb, 
3a6aBHo KOBepnaa HesHaROMua eify cioBa, pacn^Baa hxi h t^icb 
npHBO^'fl Kjsacc^ wb h6hctobo6 Becejube. Oco6eHHo jhoShjtb Hbbhi 
MBaHOBBHi CTBxoTBOpeHle TioTH6Ba: «BeceHHia boau^ h cb 6oxb- 
uiEWb naoocoMi A^iuiaMHpoBaji'B: 

Mi MOjieAoft BecHi roH'cl!.. 
Hsp'lxRa HBaHi HBaHOBH^'B nanycRajTB, BnpoiOHx, na coCa 
ciporocTB (oco6eHHO b-b npHcyrcTBiH uaccHoft a&mu), saAaBajii 
no y^efiHHKy Mapro <c^ anixi ^o dTUX'Bi h sa HedHaaie ypoBa 
zamoeh Guaz ciaBHiB a&^o eAHBHi^i. Ho ffftjio bi toitb, mo ho- 
snaBmie ypona H^iiRorAa bi 8tom*b ho nonaxajiBCB, nycRaJiCB ha 
o^eHB npocTyH) xhtpoctb. KaR'B tojibro orpoMHafl AopoAnaa $h- 
rypa Usana IlBaHOBH?a, cb saRBHyTuuMH na 01061 ohrbiui, ne- 
peciynajua nepesx nopori RJiacca, oh'6 !(&»)& rypBfioft CpocamcB 
Kb neny HaBCTpiny h RpB^ajiH, xBaiaa ero ea pyRH h sa ^ajQpi 
^paRa: 

— MeHii, nBaHi SBaHOBH^i, mohh BusoBHie ceroAHfl! fl xo- 
pomo npHroTOBHJia ypoRi. 

— Hy, BOTi Hapomna jri He BHAOBy! Haponina h ho be- 
soByl — cepAHTO oTBiiaorB HBaH'B HBanoBsni, OTHaxHBaflCB orB 
nasofijiBBo ji-lsyn^Hxi a'^b^ohor'b h cb cB^mewb xjionaa syp- 
HajioMii no RaeeAP'6: — botb Te6ii h ne MsoBy! toCh-to h ho 

BHBOByl - ^ 

VLy HcnojmHfl cbok) yrposy, naBBHuft ciapBRi BusHBajTB lix^B, 

HR06U He npHrOTOBHBniBX'B ypORa, ROTOpBUI CHAt;BH CRpOMHeHBKO 

H THXone^Ro na ifbcTaxi, BTaflffb MenraH tomi, htoCu hxi-to 
HiceHHo H BusBajiH. HacTOJin^ia ace HesnafiRH, cb noHHRmnirB 
npHTBopno HeJioMi, otxoahjui npoHB, CTpoa flRo6u paso^apoBan- 
HUH rpHMacu...^ yjiOBRa dia HensiftHHo yAaBanacB i^iJiOMy paAT 
niROJiBHuxi noKOJi'^Hifl, Bce Bpeu^, nona 6iiijrb xsiwb Ao6puft, 
jnooBMBdt BciMB EBaHi> HBaHOBH^'B ManyjudB. Ho Bb to Bpenfl, 



%- 
s 



DHOCTB. 17 

KOTopoe fl Hanajia omicuBaTB, ' owb yxe yuepi, h coBciirb bi 
ApyroiTB ^ojfib 6ujrb cM^BBBmifi ero MOJuoAot ^^paHiiysib ji^ejifl- 
^occb. HeBiH6ca^B6Hmifi npHRas^HKb hsi uarasHHa 6&uua[9 He 
sHaBioift caioixi HSBtoHuxii HMeHi ^pasitydCKOfi jraiepaTypu, 
owb 6ujvh rpy&B Bi oCpan^emH, CimeHO-pasjitpaauiTejieHi h, wb ao- 
Bepmeme Bcero, cTpaniHHfi HaymHHRii. Ero orHeHHue Kapie rjtaBa 
Tas'B H jneTasH no Bceiiy Ejiaccy, BSHCKHBaa, Kb Komy 6u nps- 
ApaTBCJi, HTO 6u Tasoe oteputb h pasofijuaHHTB, h bi to canoe 
BpeM£, KaKB OHB cnoRofiHO, KaaajiocB; AUKTOBaJni naMi CBoe jiio- 
5HMoe npaBHJio, Koropoe x^imnMii roA&un m^eiHO BHiAP^JTb bb 
HaniH rojiOBu: fBo ^paHiiiyscKOMB ^3UEa ecTB naiB rjsaBHUXB 
BpeiceHi, — BB aio canoe Bpena pBiflcaa 6opoAa ero XBJioHAJiiacB 
HaA'B RJiaccHuuB xypnaJiOMB, h bb rpa^i RaKOft HH6yAB njiy- 
TOBEH yse HepiEJiacB eArauBma sa to tojibro, kto OHa, ABycMBic- 
JiOHHO yjiu6HyBmHCB, neperjumyjiacB cb coc^akoI. Bb rfl^Bi Jifi- 
jui^occB 6£iBajiiB H CTpameHB h CM^moHB: cb bhaomb cyMacmeA- 
maro CirajiB ohb no RJiaccy, psajiB aa ce6i bojuocki, cRpe^KO- 
TaJiB syCaMH, JioiiajiB CTyjiBA h HHorAa ji,&xjd njiaRaJTB otb 6e8- 

CHJlBHOft apOCTH... Ilo CHaCTBK), Jl^eJIfl^OCCB 6BUIB HeJIIo6HMB B 

I -' HanaJiBHBii^eft rHMsasiH. OAHaacAU, aasoA^iia bc&xb npoRasB, 
IsTN Hsoi, opHHecjia bb RjraccB Rpome^QSfi nrpymeHBHfl opraH^KB 
\ ^ H Ha ypoKi Jlejui^cca nocTaBHJia ero nepeAB co6oft na napTi. 
N^ SjiaccHa^ AaMa cJiynafiHO 6ujiia bb oTcyTCTBiH. TojiCTafl h BcerAa 
HeBOSHyTHHO-cojiHAHafl nonoBHa, MaRpH^a CjiHBHHiiRaA, OTapas- 

JUiSiCh KB AOCfit OTBiHdTB ypORB, BAPy^b HeOXHAftHHO A^fl BC^B 

cxBaTHJia no Aopori HHcnny BipymRy h cynyjia kb ce6i bb 
KapiiaHB njiaTBfl. MaRpHHa cHA^^a bb RainaTRi h bi maJiocTflXBy 
no cBooMy ^erMaTSHHOHy, TflsejiOBicHOMy xapaRTopy, o6urho- 
BBHHO He npHHHMana ynacTLai, ho bb dioTB paaB na nee hto-to 
^Hanuio>. OTBiqafl ypoRB n npaBOft pyROft buboah na Aocsi 
iriboMB (j^paHi^scRia cjiOBa, JiiBOfi ona Ha^ajna RpyTHTB bb Rap- 
Hani py^Ry opraHWRa... ^ejiiiij^occB) bb yAHBJieHin, nojiflHJL'b 
cbok) RpacHyio 6opoAy. CTpanHue SByRH npoAOJUsajniCB ta^to 
cofic^HB orb Hero Cjubsro, ho HensBicTHo r^i- KaRB yroptouft, 
Ha^ajiB OHB HeraTBCfl no KOHHart h posucKBBaTB hxb npH^nny* 
A TOJicToe, cjiOBHO HBAyToe jasjof) MaRpsHU ocTaBaJnocb, KaRB 
BcerAa, TaRHiiB HeBOSMyTHHO-cepBedHHMB, TaRHUB paBHOAyniHBiirb, 
^To tfeHBme Bcero ee Moamo 6UJ10 cnecTB BHHOBHBiieft npoAOJi- 
^xaBmefica Heag^y t^mb TaHHCTBeHHOfl MysuRH. FjiHAfl na ea $H- 
rypy, mi cb xpyAOMB yAepacHBaincb otb rpoicRaro xoxoTa, a 
padosjieHHHft ^ejn^i^occB, noBepT^BniHCb TyAa h cioAa na RaCoiy- 
RaxB, no6iraBB h noKpH^aBB, noHHajicfl, HaRoneuB, kb HaHan- 
HBQi jEajiOBaTbCfl. OpraHHHRB, ROHOHHO, TOT^CB JRC cnpflTajm. 
Bhhobhhrh OTucKaHbi He 61MSL H, RaRB HH RJuiJiCH ^^paHAys^B BB 
TOMB, HTO co6cTBeHH£iMH ymaMH cJiHrnajn 3ByRH MysHRH, na- 
HajiLHHiJ^a H BepHyBmaaca Rjiaccnaa a^lmb TaRB h ocTajmcb yBi- 

,^„,,..Vi , L..:....-.OT£KA 



^ 



IB PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

pemi, ^To 3T0 6iij[o CRpzirbHie $jiiorepa Ha Kpumi hjih saeBiaa- 
Hie B^Tpa vh Tpy(%— 

JifiJisiffocab H bhI rHMHaslH jdoCejte nndoHHTB sa noBeAemeirb 
rHimasHCTOB'b h rnKHaBHcroKi. Ecjih, Hanp., na^ajibHHi^a x^ajia 
HaiTB BiAFOBopi sa TO, vo HasaHyH^ MH 6hjih 6681 ofl paspi- 
meHlH Bi irlcTHOirb leaxpi, hjeh cJunnsoirB hosaho ryjuum no 
ropoACKOify CyjtBBapy, to KnaccB ne coKH^Baaicfl bi tomi, ^o 
XOHOCi 6ujFb A^oicb ^paHiQrsa, xota 6ji hhbto h ho bba^ti 
ero puseft Oopoflu h orHOHHaro BsrjuAa. 

YpoRb AejuL^cca npomejrb ceroxHfl 6jiaronojiy«[HO, 6e8i 

BCflKHXL npHBJDOTOHlft. Ho TOJIBBO ^TO C06pajniCB Mtf, HO OBOH- 

^bhIh erOy BocnoAsoBarboi CojiBmoft nepeMteoft e noryuTB co 
XBopy^ xaKB Bi BJiaccB B6ixa2a saniixaBniaflCfl h chibho BCTpe* 
BOseHHaa Co^ba AsgipeeBHa. 

A%TH, TTO BU XaiTE TaEOO HaTBOpEJOU? 

— Fa*? wo xaRoe? 

— YacB HaBipHoe, bto bu! 7 BacB Bi^nnfl ccopu cb dTHiTB 
cyMacm^wnHUB ^panitysoiCB, sa h jQ)yrHXB TaBHXB CanoiSysy- 
KOBB BO Bceft niMHaaiH h^tb. Aejifl(j[K)ccy bto-to nojioaouTB bb 
y^flTeJUBCBoft BB nuumy pasnoft xp^rao! 

Mh pacRpujEH rjrasa bb caHOMB Henou'^jniHOHB HsyiureHig, 
xoxfl hobojibho bcA norJiAAijra xyrB xe Ha Hucio: 6htb xoseiB, 
ona SA'^B npH HeirB-HH6yABl Ea jiyKaBfidI h BwbcA bsbojiho- 

BaHHUfl BH^Bj A'bftCTBHTeJlBHO) 6UJ[B H^CKOJIBRO QOAOSpBTeJieHB. 

He A&poii^ ^Ke TaHs RopoHOBHTb en^e yrpouB zBaJomacB kh^, 
HTO Hscfl xoHexB hto-^o €noACTpoHTB» ^panitysy) h nocjri ne- 
yAawoft HCTopiH cb KJneeuB bb rjiasaxB ea 6iiJio, oHeBHAHO, 

AOJirOMB HBCTE BOSCXaHOBHTB BaK010-HH6yAB CH&IOR) BHXOXKOft 

CBOH) penyraAiK). Rponi xoro, bc% ku otjihtoo Biix^^t sasB 
nepesB ypoKOMB ^pani^yscRaro aauKa OHa nepemonruBajiacB cb 
TaHeft H Kyxa-TO y6irajia bjAcA cb Heft. Bc% era mucjih cb 

CuCTpOTOft MOJIHIh MejD[BRaK)TB BB HamHXB roAOBaxB, H noAO- 

sp&Hie nepexoAHTB xox^aci se ho^xh bb nojieyio yaipeHHocxB; 
HO Ayx^ xosapHH^ecxBa yace HacxoJiBRO caieHB bb KJiacc%, h bb 
xoMy ace Hhca HacxoJiBRO nojiBsyexcfl oG^kmh cmcnaxLaiaiy hto 
MH) TOHHd croBopHBmHCB, HOiieAieHHO OTBOAHMB 0TB HeH msa^ 

A&iaeMB HBBHHHHfl JOLU^dk H HQAaOMB 8ByKH HsyicjieBiii. 

— Ajma AjieRcaHApoBHa haotb! cb HcoyroiiB Bfi&KaJOi bb 
KJiaccb ryjuBmia no RoppHAopy a^bo^rb. 

H xo^HO, BB RjiaccB BTOx^Jia BCfl RpacHBa, paBBApeHHafl 
Anna AjiCKcaHApoBHa, Aopsa bi> pyRaxB sjronojiywyH) nuumy. 
3a Ha^ajiBHiii^efi bcro'ihjib ne nen'be RpacHuft h BsStmeHHuft 
BjnaA^euB noflnu, ^^ejia^occB. 

— Eh bieu, eh bien» i^opxB no6pHl ^pocxno jienexaJTb ohb, 
CRpHUfl 8y6aicH h cb neHaBHCXBio ORHAUBaa nacB bc^xb cbohmh 
npOH8HXeJIBHUMH FJiasaiiH. 



Lfoi- , 



DHOCTb. 19 

AHHa AjieKcaHApoBHa on BoraeHifl ho xorjia HisoTopoe 
^peMA roBopHTb H TOUKO npHuncftJia pysy Kb BtfcoBoft^ xa- 
^ejEO fftmyinfiA rpyxH. A Haci OABOBpeiceHEo ozBaTfiBaxH i 
HSipaxi H HeoxoiHHoe JnofionHTCTBO yanaTB nocKopte, hto Taxoe 
^noJEOzeeo B'b i](HjaiHxp'b ^paHi^ysa. OxiyAa bhahh 6wa. roaso 

TOpHan^tt ROHTOB'b rpflSHOfty pBBHOftRaJIOIIIHA&KaKifl-TOII^enKH... 

— 3io TOO se xasoe... cyxapuHJi? nanajia^ HaK0H6it:b, Aana 
Aj[eBcaH;Q)0BHa, He HHa^e HasuBaBoxafl naci bi Ao6poicb pacao- 

JIOJKeHiH, EaR^ €fflTH> H AaSO clIEJUIfl MOH A^IHi* 

— Eh bien, eh bien, Koprb noCpal noxiBaxurb Aeu^occb, 
CTy^a KaCJiyBaifH o6'b noJTB. 

— dio BBi... 8T0 HHBtOi RaKb BU, cfflJUUiB, a yB^poHa... 
Hapo^HO HpHHecjoi mi> xony ciapyio Kaiomy h enjfi.^. pasBo- 
^leHHyio ropm(y! 9to npocxo HexocroftHo icaxo-ifai&CBE 6ttro- 

BOCnflXaHEKXTi X'^BBm. HiTbj 8T0r0 HeJBBSH npocTHT&. 

— 0, HBJisa, HdJisal UaAO BirHaib, BirHaTL nnraasiiiy oioprb 
iio6pH! 

— H pOSHII^ BHHOBHHIll. Bu CUtB KSb BHASABTe ETh^ 

HHane Bceny Rjiaccy njoxo npnAeicH. SHaftxe, too aa arorb 
pasi rposHTb He RaBoe-HH6yAB 6evb odna... 

— KaKOft 6e8i-o6%A^?I Tbri raAKrb mjuina... jHBTdJL-b... 
BirHBTB, BlrHaiB nafto sa xasoft AopsociBl 

— SI AaK) Bairb bcio 6oji[BiziyH) nepeii^Hy Ha pasioinuieHie. 
Bi cyn^HOCTH a Aase snafo Hiiena bhhobhhxi: cxoposi bka^jtb, 
BBKi oHb BepiijuicB B'B y6opHOft... Ho noftMHxe, a He xony Bi- 
pHTB cxo-po-acy. IlycxB owb caicn oxKpoiorb ce6a h dxairb, 6utB 
Moxerb, cMarnax'b cbok) y^acxB. 

Cii diHun caoBaMH Anna AaeBcaHApoBsa, b'b rniB^, yAara- 
aacB BOHii H3'b Kaacca, npHKasaBi h ^iaHOBoft cjrilAOBaTB saco- 
'4JoH): OHeraAHO^ efl xoxiaocB, ^xo6i mh, ocxaBinHCB oahh, cepb- 
esao oCAyMajiH CBoe noaoseme. Cxpanrao nepenyraHHua Hemy' 
TO^Hioia yrposaifH BaHaiBHHitii, mki ne Hamaa CM^niHOft jtfixe 
norlnmyK) ciieHy, npoacxoAHBinyK) sa cxeEaaaHofi ABepBiBbi ci^eay 
nepeABHH nopyraHHoft maanu vb pyKH ^eaa^oca: ^paniiyBi paa- 
pasHaca ente pasi npoRaaxlaicH na Bcixi asBicxHuxB eiiy Ai- 
aaeKxaxi, cb myicoirb BUBaaHa:b hsi B^aaHHApa Ha noai Haao- 
xeHHiift Kb Hero copi h, bi saRaioHeHie noxixH, pacxonxajii 
ero HoraMH.«. 

— 3x0 XH, Haca, CA^aaaa? npepaaaa BaaA^ FpieabCEaa 
o6niee aoa^aaie a caibto Bsraaayaa bi» aaiio BcxpeBoseHHofi a 
'no6aiAHiBnieft Hacik. 

— A xoxa 6u a a, jsKb ae BHAaxb aa bu aeaa xoraxe? 
saAopao Bunaaaaa nocjiiAHaa. 

— Hhrxo ae roBoparb o bha^^9 xoabRO a Ayaaio — a bi 
caaoMi A^a*! ayqme 6u xe6il caaoft aasBaxbCfl. BiA^ ace paBiio 
(HaHaabHHUia Te6a ate noAOspiBaexi. 

2* 



20 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

— Aa, A&, Hbca, xopoiTb noxxBaTMi uaccb:— AsHa AjieR- 
can^ipoBHa leda, ROHeHHO, HM^en bi bs^qt. Qea sase norju- 
H%ja Bt TBOH) CTopoHyl 

Hhca 6ujra h HsynjieHa h pasApaseea laEHirB o6opaioirb. 
jcljta. Ci 6ypHmii HeroAOBaHieMi oGpynnuiacB ona na BaHjQr. 

— n 8T0 roBopHTb I^ieflBCKEA? Ta caMafl,HT6 nponoB^AO- 
Bana BcerAa TOBapHmeciBO h CHBaoia laRoft xpa6pofl na cjio- 
BU'E, TenepB xe, KorAa HcnyraJnacB, ^to Bcixi noryrB hckjdd- 
nvThj OBa nepBafl yroBapHBaerb MeHa caMy ccGa bijaatb? Atb^ 
ipycN BU, TpycH Bii Bci xajiKiel.. 

— He roBopH nenyxB, ^OHHCia: secB KJiacci hckaio^htb 
Be HoryrB, h hhrto bx^cb He crpycHOTB. Ho OAHy Te6a Jiensa 
MoryrB hckjiiohhtb, noTOMy ^o a yB^pena, ciopos'B CeiieHK 
xMcTBiTeJiBHO leCfl bha&tb. . 

— FjiynocTHl hh sa ^ixo a laEoft Aypoft ne 6yAy, ^toCh 
eauot nojiteiB bb neTJuo... HycRafl Hn^yrB, nycEaft AOKasKBa- 
lOTB, Bhtb MOseiB, KB TOny xe, H3B noApyrB KTO-HndiyAB no- 
HO^cexB. ninioHH, HaBipHoe, HaflAyrca! 

— Hy, TaKB £ noftAy cefi^acB rb Ahh^ AjieRcanApoBH^ h 
aaJiBJtio, HTO a dio CA^ajia... 

M PpieJiBCRaA, to'iho, xorljia hath; cb TpyAOirb yAajiocB 
y^ep^aiB ee. Hocji'I aroro Hhcji cobc^mb noiepajna roJioBy: oua 
H Tpycujia npeACTOflBmefi pacnjiara, h HyBCTBOBajia ce6a no- 
AaEneoHoft odn^ecTBeHHUifB HHimeMB. MesAy rtMB ea saRaAm- 
HBid ApyrB TaHfl Kopoeobh^b, MOJraajiHBO cioaBmaa see Bpenji 
BB cTopoHi 0TB c6opHn^a, Heo:RHAaHHo BUCTynHJua BnepeAB. 

— R CA^aaJia dTO BMicT^ cb Hnceft, a h nasoBycB. A abo- 
HH^ Eeiero sa oaho a^o naaTHTBca! 

npoESHOca diH caoBa, ona ne raaAHTB na Hhck), bhahmo 
nojiEaii rjiyCoRaro pasonapoBama bb Heft,.. Ho npH bha*! droro 
cooepQSHecTBa bi> cavonoacepTBOBaHlH, ohobhaho h bb Hnct 
upOBcxoAHrB BHesannuft HpaBCTBeHHBift nepoBopoTB: ea KpacH- 
Baa roJioBRa ropAO BunpansaeTca; 6a%AHaa, c^ anxopaAO^HO ro- 
pau^EMH raasaMH, A^BymKa oTCTpanaeiB TaHio h roBopHTB: 

^ BsAopBl TBoe y^cxie Cuao nycTaROBoe... SI h npHAy- 
Hana B€e, a h cA'^^aaa... SI h HasoBycB, RoaH Ha to noniaol 
IlycKaft HCKaioiaiOTB — He sanaa'iy! 

Ho roTOBHOCTB RB jRepTB^ HpHHaaa, MeacAy tImb, yace Bnoa- 
H^ anHAeHHHecKifl xapaRTepB: neaoB^RB naTB-mecTB €6amH6y- 
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npHH^TB BHHy Ha i^iaufi RpyacoRB, h TOTqacB a^e, BsaBmHCB sa 
pyKH, CO CMHpeHHincB H BM'i^cxi TopaceCTByioniHirB bhaoitb ot- 
npa&iuseHca OTucRHBaTs AnHy AaeKcanApoBHy. ORasBiaaeTca, ona 
CH^Brb OAHa BB yHHTeaBCRofi ROMnaii (Aoamno 6utb, bb oacH- 
AaHiB hbcb) h eABa saBHA^BB npoi^ecciio, noAUMaexca naBCTpiny. 
Bb ea Ao6poft AynrI nepBuft BspuBB neroAOBania, o^eBBAHO^yace 



DHOGTB. 21 

npomejTb, h, bhaa npes^ co6oft hq OAHy Hhch) h TaniD, oHa 
x^pasy noHHMi^eTBy tto Tjrs pi^ Hxen t) sejiHROAyniiB; Biaftoi 
pacTporaHHaa dTHiTB, OHa npHHHicaerb Tiicx He nenie CTporift h 
HexocTyiiHfiift BKs^b. Tan savB £ c^Hiaiocb bi KJiacci HaH^ojito 
HotKoA H cnoco6Hoft itb opaTopciBy, to uwk nopy^eno csasaib 
eft orb SKn» scirb ManeHBRyio pi^B. 

— AHHa AjiescaHxpoBHa, npocTHre Hame JierKOUBicJiie... Rorxa 
XH sartBajiH dty majiocTL, ona npeACiaajiajracB sairB bb 6oaie 
HOBEHEHoirB csirbj TenepB ase ni rjiy6oKO cosHaeicB bck> ea 
rjoynocTB h 6e3HpaBCTBeHHOCTB. He hsb cipaxa HaRasaHla, a 
TOJiBRo H8B HCRpeHflflro pacsaiiEifl npocrfkcB m y BacB npo- 
n^eHifl... 

— Aral Bii npocExe npon^eHla... A iro csaxeiB n-CBe ^e- 

JW$0CCB? 

— HaRasHie nacB lasB, ito6u m-cbo J^eu^occB 6usi» no- 

BOSeHB. 

— To eciB, TTO se £ AOJisna CA^jiaTB? €BirHaTB> sacB? 
pascififljiacB AHHa AjieKcaHApoBHa, nepe^pasHEBU HejDoSHicaro 
610 ^paHKysa, h btotb cu^xb cpasy a^JI^ nairB hohhtb, ^ito mi 
^naceHU. 

— Ho icio-se co6cTBeHHO hbb BacB BuiAyMajiB diy raAociB? A? 

— Jl^a HHRTO... BCil 

— dxoro 6uTB H6 MoseTB. He Bci se mecTB ^ejcoB^RB bb 
OAHo Bpeicfl BKiAyuanH. 

— Cfia^ajia oahhb rto-to npeAJioxHJrB myiH, He cepBesno, 
noTOMB Apyi'oft RTO-TO, BB myTRj-se, noAA^psajTB ero npewio- 
jceHie, a saiiirB h cepBesHO saT^JiH. 

— 0, XHTpiIfl A'&BOHRH, BBI H3B BCerO BtlRpyTHTeCB, CyXHHH 

H3B BOAU BuftAeie! Axb, a^th, sjkm^ RaRi onacHH BarnHJu^ia... 
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^eniH... A y neHfl en^ nopoRB cepAual 

Mh 6pocHjniCB ofiHHMaTB H i^tjiOBaTB Ao6pyH) AHHy AjieR- 
caHApoBHy. 



IT. 
•cBauiM6y3yHN» npespaiuaioTCfl bb «AeMOKpaTOBB>.— MoJiowe yMNTejiii. 
HecMoipH Ha to, hto nanrB ynHieJiB reoipa^lH h Hcropim 

dlUTB OAHHMB H8B CBIOBIXB ROppeSTHUXB H CHOTBOpHHXB lipenO-^ 



22 P7CCK0B BOFATCTBO. 

xaBaTuet, HsyneHle si HeiBeproirL uacci jQ^esHeft scropiH Fpe- 
QiH curpuo HiROTopyK) poxB vb HameMi ^QrxoBHOirb pasBHtlii.. 
y Raxxofl SSI Haci JiBHjrBCB CBOH jiio6iiMHe repoH h sifltejui;: 
npoHCxoxHJiH pasroBopH i npeniji, vb ROTopuxi cBasHBUocb 
nepBoe npo6yxjsfiBie hucjih h nepBiui o6ii^ecTB6HHEiA CHMnaiis. 
TaRi noMHK), o^eHb AOJiroe Bpexa a socxHiqajiacB Aapeni JleoHH-- 
AOM'b H jQ^yvmoL repoflm Cnapm; ho OAHaacxH BaHxa FpieJiB- 
csafl o6paTBJiacB xo iiHi ci ohbhb pimHTejaraiMii Bonpocoirb h 
He Menie pimHiejiiBHBiinb bhaoki: 

— Hani HEAO oClflCHHTLCfl Cb To6ofl, JIOBHI^Rafl. CRaSH OT- 

KpoBeHHO, ROROBU TBOiP jdikaLffimn: apHCTORpaTRa lu hjhh xeiio- 
RpaTRa? 

9 BCDUxHyjia: a he paay eme 061 dTOK-B ho AjMajia... 7 
MeHA He 6ujio en^e HHRaRHXi <y6%sAeHifl»... Ho npusnaTBCH b% 

8I0UI 6KIJI0, ROHeHHO, HeB08II0XH0. 

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cepBesHO cnpocHJia 6oji'le ToponjraBaa Hnca, pflAom cb ROTopoft 
CTOJUna, csHKaa RyjiaRH, towo roTOBaa pHHyxBoi wb 6HTBy sa^ 
qecTb cBoero jno6HMaro ropoAa, TaHA RopoHOBHHi. 

— A BH-TO... Bu caMH 8a Roro? cuymfiERo npojieneiajia a, 

HHCTHHRTHBHO HmMh HaSSA^ H 6e3nOMOH](HO OSHpaflCB HO CTOpO- 

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* H HcnopneHHafl 6oraTCTBOirB h apHCTORpaTHsiioirB poAHTeJiefi; 
rjiaBOK) 8Toro RpyacRa 6uJia ocrpoyMHan h saAopnaa Hnna Bi- 
jiox'b, Cb ROTopoH) BaHA» 6ujia BcerAa na Hosaxi. 

— Ri naiTB HAHxe, JIosHiiRaji, mu da Cnapry! cufbBCb^ rphr- 
Hyjia JIoHi](Rafl^ — h rphrb ^tot-b pinuui'B kok) cyAB6y, a Bsrjia- 
Byjia Ha CRaMBBo HaAHeHHux'B, sanocHHBux'B (oraHHXB h cpasy 

HOHJiJia, HTO Iffii He UiCTO Bb HX'B CpOA'^i H HTO OCJIH BaHAa, 

Hsca H Tana, ri RoxopmrB Taroiijio noe cepAi^, croarb 8a 
AeMORpaiHHecRU Aohhu, xo sHaHHTB, 6huio hto-to HeoiaAHoe b'b^ 
Moeici npexHeiTB conyBCTBUi Cnaprl. 

— 9 Bama... a roiosa cxaiB aoHHAHHOfil npoTanyjia a, pyRy 
CBOHHTi HOApyraiTB no maJnocraiTB h rpoicRoe jmRyioniiee: cypa» 
6amH6y8yROB'B 6wio oxBiioirB na Moe caicooxBopseHHoe 



DHOGTb. 23 

pimeHle TaKi o6pa80B&iiHCB vb xoracci jspi raraBHua <nojiHTH- 
necKlfl* napriH, Bewnia Mex^y co6oh) oxecTOTOHHyK) 60PB67 no 
livh nop-B, nosa wb WHui saiaro Rjiacca mu ne crajni, HaRo- 
Hem, cjnmiRoirB cojarAHiniH oco6aMH js^a Toro, ^ao6u BcrynaTB 
HHorAa wse bi pyKonanmsM czBanoi. CypoBaa h pimHrejiBHax 
FpieJiscKaa o6iiRHOBeHHO nepBaa o6pan](ajia cjiobo wh a^o b 
HaHBHajra fipocaxB vb cnpesplnHiixi apHCTOKpaTOKi> Eajnomaioi, 
M^OKi, rj6jsaxBy BHBuaaa ocraji&HHX'B €AeMORpaTOBib> na ho- 
MOAJieHHoe noApaseme ce6i« Bnpo^eirb, ropAaa Cnapia pisRO 
yHHsajiacB ao tofo, nTo6u Ha ^HSHHecKyio cuy OTBi^atB CHJioft 
ae: OBa iojibko smpHBasacB on HamHxi CTpijrB pysaicH b 

KHHiaMfl, npeADOHBiaa 60p0TBCJI flSBBTeJIBHilMH CJIOBaMH B y6B- 

Baion^BBB HacHiniRaifB... 

dio yBJieneHie BCTopieft— ApeBHeft FpeitiB b ea rpassAaHCKaro 
ycrpoScTBa oBHaHeHOBajioc'B pasi RpynHUifb CROHAaJKOMi, nyxB 
He o6omeAniBMCfl naBi wb cjudhroitb Aoporyio uiny. GjiyHBJtocB 
oxHasAiii ^0 Co^bSL AHApeeBHa ^iaaoBa He ABHuiacB no^eHy*TO 

Bl rHMHasiK), B MH OCTaJIBCB 6681 RJiaCCHOft HaABBpaiejiBHHmi. 

XoTH ^aHOBa 6HJ[a ajia nacB He rposoio, a CRopie cxapmeft b 
jiK)6BMoft noApyroft, ho RaRaa-io majiyHBa, — pasyvieicfl, He 
npBAaBafl hb Majiiftmaro BHa^eHiB loxy, tto A&Jiajia, — HaHBcaia 
HO dToiiy noBOAy na RJsaccHoft aockI RpyoHUMH 6yRBauB: tjifik 
^aBCTByen cBo6oAa!..» B% drorb caMuft MOMenrB nposBentoB 
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niBMB penjiBRaHB na HeB^pHiie otb^tu rBMHasHCTOBi bo BpeMH 
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cHb yxa TH, 6paTei^, hb pnjia, a BBxy, ne H0HBMaemB!> Ha 
CBoe necHacTie, 6yAy^B hjioxbmi opaiopoifB, ohi» ne mofb cba- 
satB nyTHO AByzB caMuxib o6uRHOBeHHux% ^pasB b, pacneRaa 
y^eHBROBi, HecB oCuRHOBenHO neBOSMOSHiftmyio nenyxy. Mhofo 
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BMicrt yMopBTejiBHue asecxii yRasaieiiBHinrB naJiBi^eHiy cipaniHO 
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BiA&9 ^^^^ npoBBHHBmittcfl hieojibhbr'b na^BHaAi onpaBAUBaTBca: 
TOFAa MaiBieui flEOBJiesBHeMi OBjiaA^BajTB nacio o^ifl npBnaAORi 
6imeHCTBa b, ho noMHfl ce(!fl, ohb RpB^ajTB: 



24 PyCGROE BOFATCTBO. 

— Eme cjioBO... E BOjqpipB nojrponnB! En^e nojicJiOBa?... 
Emfi ^eTBepn cjiosa?.. 

rHHHasHcrBf cirlmEjrb, kohotoo, GitarOpasyicHo. yMOJOKHyTB^ a 
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nepjm RpacHOpi^fl: «T£i bto— h8boii:(hb%? tbi— -XHRapB H8i jifiE- 
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noTB?» H T. A- CiporocTB HaRasamft, Roropmra yrpoacajTB MaT- 
bU SlmoBJieBJin'hy lose 6usa o^esB opHrHHajiBHaro xapaRiepa. 

— SI Te6fl vh RBTopryl RpH^aJTB obtb o5siKHOBeHHO Bi nep- 
BOifB nopuB^ ratiBa, h ero BucoRaA, KOCTJuna^ ^Hiypa cb cl- 
AHMH 6aReH6apAaHH h 6%raBiiniini TjAa h ch)A& pacROCuira rjia- 
saMH, HM&ia Heo6ii^aftHO CBBpinuft bhab. 

— SI Te6flB'B Oh6hpb Ha nocejieHiel cicflr^aiacB nepesi h^ro- 
Topoe BpeiEfl yrposa, ecjui jriiKo pacneRaeMoe BHpasajEO bi aoc- 
TaTO^Hoft jsibpi crpaxi h pacRaame. 

— npoMopH) AB^ HOA^H Bj> Rapx^opi! yMeHBmajiacB esofi 
CTeneHB naRasaHia. 

^ Ghah C6it)AHfl 6e8*B o6iASk!.« rposHO 8aRJiH)^ajrBAo6poATni- 
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He HOA'B CHJiy, H TotAa cjrlAOBanH tohho cypoBua HaRasaek: 
OAHHi rHMHa8HcrB y«e mecToro RJiacca OAHHCTBeHHO 8a dTO ^yrB 

H6 6UJrB HCRJIH)^eH'B H81 THMHadiH... 

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cjd^ACTBiE eicy XBuni oTCTaBRy sa cJia6ocTB, h, oCHAwbwb, oh'b 
yiiepi BCRopi Bi> HameiTB se ropoA*^ to Bci rHMHasHCTU h fek- 

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rpo6o]rB Maccy b^hrobi, sa hto a noxy^HXH ot'b HOBaro cjiy- 
saRH-AHpeRTopa ciporlft BuroBopi. 

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TtlTB n Bl apocTB. 

— Eto? Rto 8T0?.. no^TE npoxpEfl^JTB offB, BHesanHO xepAE 



miocrb. 25 

OTB BOJiHOHiH rojioci, TURafl namteiTb vb Aocsy h crpaniHo Bpa- 
n^ Ha BecB josjccb rjiasaiai. 
Mh MOJiiajiH. 

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ya^ BCflKyio pascyffBrejiBHOCTB otb oxBaTSBmaro ero rn^Ba. 

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ndfli m CTOfljDi wb RaROiTB-TO ox^neH^niH, ne ABHraacL ci 
Mten. 

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cran bi yroju. 

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HHft. oceHHift ABHB HO rHMHasiH pasHeccJi ceHcaiiioHHiift cjiyxi o 
npniSuiiH Tpex-B hobbixx y^Hiejieft, tojibro hto oroh'^hbdihx'b 
sypcB Bb nerepGyprcROM'B ynHBepcHreri. BojiHenuo Hameny h 
jEH^niiTCTBy He 6UJ10 npeAisoBi». 

— CocDOAa, fl BcrpiTHJia ceroAHfl oAHoro na yjrai^^y bsboji- 
HOBaHHSiTB rojrocoiTB RpzHaJia TaHfl RopoHOBHqib: — aio nenpo- 

6hho OAHHi mrb maby noTOny ^to £ bc^xi SHrejieft ropoAa 
I nepenen sHaio. MaireHBRaro pocTa, coBciirB MOJioAenBRiftn... 
pacBBTORi! Hy, npocTO iracaHiift RpacaBHBRiI Jlniio yimoe, npe- 
KHoe H rjiasa AoQpHe, npeAo6pue. 

— A RaRoro itBiia— 'CHHie? BiiiinajiacB Hhhb B^toxi. 

— j^a, roJiyfiHe. 

— Hy, TaRi 870 TBI OjieHH^a BtTpiTouia, HOBaro y^Hrejut 



26 pyCCKOS BOriTCTBO. 

pyccxoft cJioBecHOCTH. Ohi B^epa 6iui j Haci b'l jsfiwbf h a 

Cb HHMl nOBHaROKHJfaCB. 

— A sanim owb y Bacb (Sun? 

HsHa B^ox!b npeapHTejEBHO pascHiaaiacB: ea ot6I^ 6iuis 
cjEoimROieb BasHaa nepcoHa bi ropa;^, hto6h BOBMOsesb 6ujirb 
laKoft rjiymdl Bonpocil He OTBiqaa, osa npoxoausaia: 

— ToARo HH wb RasiNrb yjcb cjiyqai oh:b He RpacaBHiCb. 
MojiOAOft— 8T0 npaBAa— H yse fipianiEO 8air6THoI Rpyrjuift, Rairb 
mapi. 2 npHTOiTb — u&kjlr. CjioBa xaHen, TflHen, Hasoicrb 
asAaTb, noKa oxny #a8y cicaxerb. A bi xoBepI^e^le Bcero — 
xoxon 1 ceMEHapiy roBopBTL Ha o, h HHKaBoro BocnHraHU! 
nonpo6yft OAHaso, bj!X)6hcb, TaHfl. 

— Te6fl-T0 BO BCflKOMi uy^a*! He cnpomycB, o6HseHHo 
orpHsnyjiacB TaHH, noBopa^HBaacB ki Hbh^ cnHHoft. — ApHCTO- 
KpaTJta npoTHBHaal Ao6aBHJta ona, Kara 6h npo ceCn:— xoxoji'b, 
Tan yzx h ne neaoBiEi a^s. hhxi, a cemiHapii — lavB xyse 
caiforo TOpra. 

— A Kara OHi 6yAen 06'MCHflTECfl Te6i bi jooCbh, TaBA? 
npojirojixaia noACM^HBaTBCfl HsHa, tohho h ne cjonnara ea o6hx- 
naro OTB^Ta. — cMo-a Ao-po^raa! Kara e jno-6jiK) Te6a!» KpBep- 
Kajia OHa cjioBa Ha hro6u ceMHHapcRift roBopi, BusuBaa o6^Uk 

CMiX'b. 

HsB'IcTHaa Bciwh caaCocTB TaHH fiHJia— naxoAHTB RaJKAaro 
BCTpiHHaro Mys^Hy HHcanHura RpacaBi^era h o^eHB CRopo 
BJiio&naTBca. Oaa BonoCjiajiacB He tojibxo no co6cTBeHHOMy BRycy 
B% oRBBuxi) BHA^HHX'B CK) JiiOAeft, HO H saoHHO, HO pascRasairB 
Apyrnxx, a laRse CHHTaaa ^^itb-to BpoA^ CBa^eHHOft oGaaaH- 
HocTH €npHCoeAHHaTBca> r:b cHMnaTiara noApyrB, ecaH cay^aftHO 
jsHaBaaa npo hbx*b. TaRHM'B ofipason ohb b^hho Roro-HH6yAB 
oCoxaaa, no R0Mi*HH6yAB cnponaAajia», juM npH btoitb co^h- 
naiB ecjiH h ho xopomie, to ohohb sByHHue, cepAKepasAHpa- 
TeaBHue ctbxh. 

OaeHHHa ua BCRopi yBHAaan Bo-o^iio y ce6a na ypoRi. Oh:b, 
AificTBHTeaBHo, ORasaaca MaaenBRHuii, ToacieHBRHM'B MoaofiOfB 
HeaoBiROirb, eABa HanaBniHui onymaTBca pacnTeaBHOCiBH), CTpainno- 
KOH^ysaHBiiiM'B, He plmaBHiHMca raaA^TB nairB npaiio vb raasa 
CBOHMH 6oaBmBHH BOAaHoroay6uMH raasam; roBopnai ohi 

BaaO, TOHHO CRBOSB COHI, Cl CHaBHUKB ORaHBeH'B H piSRHM^ 

xoxaaKKHMi npoHSHomeHieifi, no Roropmy bmIcto €roroaB> bh- 
xoAHaOy RBR'B Han RaaaaocB, fXoxoaB». Tim> He uenie.ioHHJI 
yiBTejB cpaay npHBaeKiKi ce6i Hanai cepAiia h, RpoviTaHH, 
nameai qiayio Ryny ofioaRaieaBHEm* OcoCenHO rbm na^HHai 
Hacx OaeHH^'B, hto sa caMBie caaSue otb^tu ho pi^maaca cia- 
BHTB iceBBme ^erBepRH; naTepRH xe TaRii h cunaaHCB Hs^-noA^ 
ero nepa sa naao-MaaBCRH cnocnoe^ snaHle ypoRa. IIoontpeHHua 
KOH^ysaHBocTBH) H KaFKOCTBH) HOBaTO npenoAasaTeaa caoBecHO- 



nHOCTB. 27 

cm, Mu CTan CRopo BcrynaTB cb miwb vh pasroBopu. TaRi, 

BTB OAHFB H8'b nOpSHXl 7KB ypOBOBI^ ^ M T«EH RopOHOBm 06pa- 

rmjoLCh Kb OMBsnj cb iipocB6oft pimHTb Hanrb cnopi o xom^, 
KTO BeJiB^aftmlft hsi pyccmx'b noaiOBi. 

— A BTO jse... no BameMj HHiniio? cnpocHJrb OjieHHTb, 
sacrtHHHBO npHEpuBan pyKauH CBoe yjuCaion^eecfl, ho BcnuxHyB- 
mee, EaRi noJKapi; jihi^o. • 

— SI roBopio: ^epsaBSffbl or^eBaHiuia Tana: — y snaueHH- 
T&ro pyccKaro RpHTBBa B&UHCKaro ecxB ctbtba, Roiopaa naHH- 
Haercji esoBaioi: f^epaRaBHEi... RaRoe Hiffll!> 

— A B£i Bcero BiiHHCRaro npo^JiH? 

— RiTb, H6 ROHHHjDia eusfij cikao oG'bflBHJia Tasfl, xoia Bct 

KH OTJIHHHO SHaJIH, HTO OHa H HB CoCHpaJiaCB eiBfi HHTaTB Bi^ 

jiBflCRaro, H M TJUfftEO JiOKajia ce6i rojiOBy, oxRy^a Morjia oaa 
ysBBTb ^asy o jS^epaKaBBH*!. ^ 

Bo vttb saroBopHJia pesHOCTB: a cnnrajia ce6s HecpaBHOHHO 
pasBBT^e H HaHHTaHHie TaHH h noropoimjiacB noaioiiy CRasaxB 
CB APOSBH) H BHicri (TB anjiOMfioiTB Bib FOJioci: 

— Ho Moeny, ^epsaBHH'B a&bho ycTap&rB, m Beu^aflnnofB 
pyccRHMi noaroHi aiifj&rb npHdHaiB IlyioRHHa! 

OjDteHHTB noBepHyjii bi hoh) cxopoHy cBoe pacRpacHiBmeeca 
jaisfl Cb TJUijifimjiKK H8noAJio6Bfl Ao6pmiHy cb^tjiukh rjiasaicH. 

— E bii o^eHB ero jaofiHre? 

— ^a, OneHB JTIotfjIH). 

— 3a HTo JRe^ co6cTBeHHO, bu jriofiHTe IlymRHfia? 

— 3a TO, HTO OH-B Chjtb pyccRlft Aymoft..* owb xaRB jik)6hjiii> 
Pocciio... TaRi xopomo HSoCpasHJt'B ee bi cbohx'b CTHxaxx. 

Tyn OjneHBHi OROHTOTejuBHo sacivAHJicfl n, Ra-ajiocB, Hani- 
pesajicfl cnpflTaTB cboio rojuosy uoa'b RaeeApy. JIeqib cb tpy- 

AOITB MO^HO 6UJI0 yJIOBHTB TO, ^0 SaGopif OTaJIl OWb B'B OTBin : 

— ^a, nymRHHi, ROHe^HO, Beamatmift noarb... 9to, tohho, 
jiyHmafl MipRa nsis nncaTeJieft... j[io6obb r^b poAHHi... Bu ao~ 

BOJIBHO npaBHJIBHO FJIJiAHTe HB A^JIO... TOJIBRO... npH TaROft 

wssfb spiHifl... BaiTB cjiiAOBaJio 6u«.. cjii^AOBaJio 6u en^e 6ojiie 
joooHTB... HeRpacoBa. 

— HeRpacoBa?! 

Mu 6UJIH HsyujieHU. Hameiiy cjiyxy esBa 6ujio sHaROiio aro 

HHa, ROTOpOe MU BCTp^qaJIH nOKb ROe-RBRHMn CTHniRaMH Vb 

n,iTCK9i3> xpecTOiiaxiaxi. Moft HJuiou6'b cpasy HCHesi; a no^yB- 
^TBO^uia ce6a bi cboJI ^epeA'B npncruseHHOfi h yHBHTOseHHoft. 
Tor^a BaHAa FpIejiBCRaa, jirK)6HBniafl BcerAa xBaTBTB 6uRa sa 
70ra, noAHflJiacB toko cb Micxa m nonpocHJia OjOHn^a HeiieA- 
leHHo nosHaROMHTB Haci ex HeRpacoBHMi, npoHHTaBi hto-hh- 
>yAB H3'B ero CTHXoTBopeHifi: bIab mcbo OjieHHHB, naBipHoa, 
3cixx pyccRHx^ noaTOB-B HaHsycTB SHaerB. MojeoaoA ynHTMB, 
)BABM0, roTOBi CsTjaT) CRB08B seHJiH) npoBaJiHTBCfl. Ohi sajiene-. 



28 P7GGE0B BOFATCTBO. 

fraiTb TCO-To rHMHasH^ecRoft nporpamii, o tohi, tto Rorxa- 
HHfiyAB Bnoai%ACTBl]i totob^ Koe-HTO npo^ecTB Ham, ^to mh h 
caiffly HaROHei^'B, uoMewb AOCiaTB co^imeHifl HeRpacoBa hsi $yH- 
AaneHTajiBHoft rHicHasHHecRoft 6fl6jiioTeRH. Ho im 6iiJiii Heyno- 
jiHiai H xopoiTb Ha^aJin noBTop^Tb npocb67 rpieju&CROft. 

— Axi, 6e8CT£iAHii£ BK a^bo^rhI BicimaJiacB, HaROHei](i, 
Co$Bfl*AHspeeBHa, yBExaBmaa, 7to en^e MiHyra — h OjieHHTb, 
noso6Ho rorojieBCROft HeBicrb, bcrohhtb c% Rpecjia b y6isHTB 
BOHi nsi Rjracca: — bh cqoco5hu saicyiHTB loro, rto r^ Bairb 
xopomo OTHOCHTCJi... Hy, Aa ysi* yciyiiHTe hmi, Mcse OjieHHTB, 

npOHTHXe HaiTb nTD-HH6yffB. 

El oCn^eicy yxuBJieHiK), Ommvrb BHesaneo Ha6pajicfl nocjrl 
OToro jyxy, OTRpmnb jssnp, no^HajTB rojiOBy h, xotb cb rpixoiTB 
nonoJiairB, nponejrb naEsycTB cPasiaimjieHifl y napaAsaro no^B- 
feAa». EoFAa a lenepB npHnoMffHaK)'aTO Trenie, a SHaio, qra 

OHO 6hJI0 HSl pyRl BOHB HJIOXO, HO Bl TOTB MOtfeETB ayAHTO- 

plji 5uJia OHOHB HOBducRaTeJiBHa: h niBynaa AeuaiiaipH y^HieJifl 
H coAepsanie cthxobi, Bce noRasajiocB Haui OAHHaROBO Hsyira- 
TejiLBMirB, AHBHO-npeRpacHUiTB... CepAi^t naoiH 6fiura noTpaceHU... 
Ci 9Toro AHa HoRpacoB'L CA&iaica namniTB RyirapoirB, h RaRHrbr 
HH6yAB ABa M^cana cnycra 6ojiBinaa nacTB RJiacca snajia naHsycTB 
BC% jiyTOiia ero CTHXOTBopeBia... PyccRift RpecTBaHHHi, pyccRaa 
jteHntaEia, Hxi BiROBiia, npaBAHBua bb CBoeft 6e3B%CTH0CTH cipar 
AaHlE cTajiH jsfisi EBCb npeAHBTOiTb saBiTHi^ftaraxi kjmi> h ne^ia- 
Hifiy a BOcn^BaBmaa hxi <My8aKecTHHne?ajiH> — BTopuMi OBan- 
reiaeu^. To^rao Bi caHOirb BOSAyx^ HOCHBmiaca b'b ri foah d- 
Hena j[ik)6bh kb napoAy n caicooTBepxenHoft npoAaHHOCTH erp 
HHrepecaiTB nanuin bi nannixi naHBHuxB cepAi^axi 6oraTyK) 
M GjiaroffapHyK) no'fBy^ — Otb OjieHH^ia se ysHaJUi . mu BnepBBre 
cyiaecTBOBaHiH TypreneBa h ero nodTH^ecRHXi repoHEB-AiliBy- 
mcR'B; lilTL CoJdie ne cJOxxEBaao ao Hero 6ojiiBinHHCTBO o ^o- 
6pojTiof5oB% H IlHcapeBi, o IIoMaJiOBCROirBy PtoerHHROBi, Fj^Ci 
YcumcKOWby II](eApHH% h OcipoBCROiTB. Mnoria AbBymRs xaRB 
n EQE^ftjiH rHimasiK), HHiero o hexi ne caHxaBi. Biipo^eirB, 
HTo TyrB yAHBHTOJiBHaro, RorAa BCtp'lHajiHCB Aase ffHumeAH^ hh- 
Kor;];a He ^HraBmie hh oahofo hbi 9thxi» nHcaxeJiefi! 

BTopoft VLBi> MOJiOAux'B yHHTOJieft 6ujvb npenoAaBaieJiB pyc- 
cRaro ESURa bi icjiaAHiEX-B RJiaccaxB BtoniHCRift— raRse xoxojtBi 
BucoKifi, cTpoftHuft Gproneri ob RpacHBUirB CHMuaTH^Hmrb jih- 
i^owh a ynpaMoft npaABH) nepnux^ BoaocB, naAaBmefi eny na 
Jofi'L, Oh^ TaRse 6tiJrb ysacHO HeonHTesTB h sacrtH^niBi. RorAa 
QWh npoxoAHJi'B, CfiiBaaOy no RoppHAopy memo namero RJiacca, 
rHUHasHCTRH HaHHHajm rpoicRO HHTaiB napacniBi cthxh HeRpa- 
cobe: 

E'i&jniHCBifi 6Hjn> ooo6eHHO 3ao6mgrh. 
MosacB TBoefi ifHorocTpaAaoibHOft t^hh, 



DHOCTB. 29 

y^raTejub, nepe^TB HueHem^ TBOnir& 

Il08B0AE» CliHpeHHO npOKJIOHIITB KOJI'^HBI 
EijIBHCRift KOH^iySJIHBO FOpSHJICfl) OTBOpanHBEJICfl H 6ucTpmfH 

TOaraMH npo6irajii mhmo... 

Tpexift H3i BHOBB npHfiuBiDHxi, BopeoBi, npenoAaBaBQiift 
apH6MeTHRy bi MJiaffUHXi RJnaccax'B, Ciui'b ne laKOB'b na bbai- 
GypoBoe, HenpBBixjuiBoe jrai^o seicjiBCTaro i^B^Ta oTJiEHajiocb yrjio- 
BaiuicE, rpy6HMH ^epiaiui; orpoHHuft octpufi hocb BOSBumajiCH 
Ha newbj boaoCho Camni; ciporie cipue rjnasa Biarjifl;i;uBajni 
CBepxy leiiBHrB ghkowl. Ho fflSL yneaHKi ciapmBxii KjiiaccoBi» 
Henorjio ocTaiBCflceBpeTOirb, hto bmohho BopeeBi CA^aJuca b ko- 

pi JIIOfiBMpeUl rflMHa8HCT0Bl»... Cl HeRpaCHBOft HapySHOTBK) 

ero oHeBB CKopo npHMHpHJOiCB. ?T0 Kacaeica MeHfl,py ckjiohk) 
Hafl BcerAa hbi caM0JiK)6ifl hath b'b pasp'Isi cb 6ojib mBHCTBOiTB 
a HaaiiBajia Bopeesa jifioae RpacaBi^eirB b B36paJia BKeHBO ero 

CBOBMli «KyHBpOMl>. HodTOMy, KOFAa BopOCB'B npoxoAHJii, 6sf, 

BBJio, MBico Bamero RJiacca, noApyrs KpsqaJiH mb^: <J[eHa! Jle- 
Ba!> Cjouma KajsAufi pasi spa cBoeMi npBfijiiflxeBiB ototb kpbkb 

H, BipOflTflO, nOQBBl, HTO A^aOTCfl KaR&a-TO CBA3B MBORAy 61*0 
H MOeft JTB^HOCTBH), OBI» CBJIBBO BO BSJQOChJTB MOBB; 8T0 BBABO 
6hJ10 BO BenpBBiTJIBBOMy, BO^TB cepABTOKy BSrJIBAyY KOTopuft 
Ofll dpOCaJll Ba HeBB BOBepXl CBOBXI TeMBUX'B OHKOBl, flpB 

BCTpinaxi JifliiOH'B El jiBAy. MoBB dTO cipafliBO safiaBJUBJio b 

SaCTaBJLajIO eWfi COJIBme BpBKBAUBaTBCB BJSK)6jLeBB0fi B'b 60- 

peeBa... 



V. ^^ 

JleHbKa AoMaHCKiH, sparb aeTopNTeTOBB m paspyuiMTejib acreTHKH. 

Ci paBB^ro A^TCTBa ssajia a. JleHBEy JI^OHaBCsaro, CBoero , 

JUBULhHUTO pOACTBeBBBKa, pOBBCBBEa B TOBBpBB^a BO BrpaMl H 
maXOCTAMliy B'B EOTOpOHy BpBBUKJLa OTBOCBTBCB JS?,7Eie HiCROJIBEO 

noBpoBBTeJiBCTBeHHo, EaRB cTapmaB cecTpa. Obi BpeACTaBJi^Jicj^ 
KBfb caMuifB saypiiABUMi MajiBHsmEOfi, neja^ioxMK'h, EocoJianmrB 
cicimBUMii B noAtacB rJiynoBaTHHi. Ho EorAa J(oHaBCEift Bepe- 

meJTb B'B OAHO BpeilB CO MflOfi B'B BBTfilfi EJiaCCB rBMHasiB, Bli 

HeiTB BpoBBonuia BeoacBAaBHaH a^b bc^xx nepeM'lBa b b'b ^bsb- ^ 

HeCEOlTB, B B'B yMCTBeBBOHTi OXBOmeBlB. HpeJEAO BCerO OB-B EaEl 

TOT cpasy BepecTajTB EasaiBCB HajiB^BEOMi, BpeBpaiBBomcB bi 
crpofiBaro, ciajiBBaro lOBomy cb EpacBBUMib qepBUMii ByniEoiTB 
HaA'B BepxHefi ry6oio b ropa^BMB CB^TJiorojiydBiMB rJiasauB; Bui^ 
CTb ch rhwb JleoBBAi, bjib— EaEii Bci ubi spoAOJUEaJiB sb^oh 
ero— JleBBEa CTajii» nopaacaxB CBoeft pasBBTOCiBio, BBesaBBO flp 

BBIffiBIBMCB y BerO BHTepeCOM'B Kb CepBeSBUITB EBB^CEaU'BB 



30 pyCCKOB BOriLTCTBO. 

cepBesHHirB Bonpacani h yvbsasM!h spacHO h rmffio roBopHib. 
XIpaBxa, Bce aro hh^ttb ho ximajio exy ocTaBatBCfl npesHmc^ 
jnerROioicjieHHuici, BiTpefltiirB h nopotHejAiiBnrbX)Hoineft« Ran 
pas-b Bi diy nopy h a nepexHBajia nepioxB yHCTBeHHaro h HpaB- 
CTBeHHaro ^opiiHpoBaH&ji, h h6 My^peHOy hto, 6yxyu h paHBine 
npusETejifliai, lenepB mh c6jih8hjihcb emfi rbcabe; a «[epe8% itesa 
noApysHJiHCB cb JLeHBRoft h Bci moh rHKHasnecRljai DOApyrn. 
Bcb oHi noo^epexHO Chjih npejififfTowh ysjie^eHlfl He MaHCKaro; 
OAHaso, BjnoOjiflflCB b% xpf^x'b, jth^ho so mh^ s owb nepecia- 

BaJITi OTHOCHTBCfl Ch pOBHOfi BCei^^a JDEIOCOBBH) H IipexaHHOCTBK). 

Eysy^H Ha^HTaHHie h pasBHiie mchh bi ^^opifaiBHOui cioiaii 
BToro cjnoBa, ohx Bcerxa npHxaBajTb no^exy-io orponHyio ittsy 
RasAOMy MoeMy cjiosy i Hfl^HiK)^ fp ROHita ocraBaacB MOHirb Ao- 
BBM^HHiurB noRJiOHHflROMi, KOHiTB cpHi](apeirb 6e8i> cTpaxa He 
ynpeBa>, roTOBUin> noftni fflR iceHfl naBcaKift phck% x na BCARyio 
jRepTsy. £ro He ocBop6jiHJio ffiasje to, hto, npn Bceft CBoeft npHBa- 
saHHOCTH Kb Heny, a, cb CBoeft cxopoHu, npoAOJOKaaia coxpaHHTB Hi- 
CROJi&Ro HOKpoBHTeJiBCTBeHHuS, HacHlmjUBut TOffb; no ABa, no ipH 
pasa B'L AOHB 8a6%rajn> ohi eo Mnt^TO noA'BTlirb, to hoab Apyrmrb 
npeAxoroiTB, aKorAanoGojiisHHJi ne zoAUia, oiy^ajiocB, m phh- 
HasiK), TO Hasin^ajii mohh Aaxe bi fionmyio nepeir^Hy, j^bjuuicb 
cooGh^htb Ty HJEH ApyryH) niMHasHHecRyio hoboctb. 

JleHBRa AoMaHCRift Ssurs bi aio Bpenfl ^pu ifb noRJiOHHHRoirB 
H HocjiiAOBaTejieHi HHcapeBCRHX'B HAeft, sanoeirb ^HTaoix h Hsy- 
najni cowneflia Borjih h JI^apBHna h npHHHMaji:B caxoe Kiaxejih- 
Hoe ynacTie bi TinHpBsimecKBX'b RpyxEan caHopasBHTk. no- 
HATHO, HTO ero yB3ie?eHifl h HHTepecH nepeAaBajiKCB h kh%, a 
Hepesi MeHfl h Bceny «RpyxRy 6amH6y8yROBi»>. JlK)6HicmrB ir6- 
CTOMi Hamnxi 6eciA^ h cnopoBi 6£uiia CRaicefiRa noAi» AByv^ 
orpoMHUMH 6ijaii(H aRaitiaMH bo ABopt namero AOMa, Tf^ b 
o6uRHOBeHHo saHHuajiacB bo Bcb TenjiuH Bpenena roAa. BecHOfl, 
RorAa BCfl npnpoAa nepeaRHBajia, KasaJnocB, TpeBoxHyio lOHome- 
CRyio nopy, h aRaiUH, oA^BaflCB cbohhi 6ijiHirB noRpoBOitb, hb- 
jEHBajiH onBflHAioniift MeAOBuft apoxarB, cnopu Cub&sh ocoCenno 

ropflHH H OSeCTOHCHHUt. 

— SnaeniB hto, EjieHa,-^B6iraji'B ro uh% JI|oMaHCRift, BecB 
sanuxaBniHCB, BSBOJmoBaHHuft^ n ciAfon^ift: — bIab 9T0, npaBO, Hsy- 
MHTejiBHO, RaRi caicBifB naiCB ho npHXOAHJio panBme bi rojiOBy? 

— ^To TaEoe dJiyqHJiocB? 

— Hn^ero ho cjiyqHJiocBy a tojibro h 6amRa se btotb IIh- 
capeBiI • 

— Hy, onaiB Tro-HH6yAB oco6eHHoe BH^HraJiB? 
HirB, tn nocjiymat tojibro: HCTopia — vbgb bto nenyxa, 



^|^6ojQ»nie, RBRB OAHa nenyxa! 



I ^W~ KaRaa HCTopia? 

— Hy, Aft BOTii nama HCTopk... nayRa, ROTopyio navB npe- 



K)HOGTI>. 31 

noxaion. ^enyxa, epynxa Ha nocTflOirb nacsi, coCpaHle ssAop- 

HHTb H HHROMy EeBJJBBJdTb aHeKAOTOBl! 

HcTopia HHRorAA He Gujua mohmi XBo6maiU'h npeAMeroifby ho, 

CB XPT^A CTOpOHU, fl He JUOdBJia npHHHliaTb 6Q9'b ,6opb6£I HH 

oxHoro fiOBaro Bsvs^nh JleHLKH, xoxa 6u Baflxaro Hirb h orb ca- 
Moro IlHcapeBa; ROtoparo isr, Kb rouj se, emfi ho ^HTaia. IIo- 
aTOxy fl Ha^HHan cnopHTB, san^in^afl HCTopiio <otb yuat h c6h- 
Baa nopoil cb no8Hi{iH CBoero ropflnaro, ho BftTpenaro npo- 

THBHHKa. 

— KaRi 3T0 xaR-B aneiCAOTOBi?— iBibaicyH^ajiacB a^— b^ab, na 
Kaxxoft crpaHHBi^ y^eCHHRa, noxb RasA^irb no^ coOurieirb, 
noiA^eHb TOXb h KHorAa a&^o ificfli^B, KorAa hto cJsyHHjrocB? 

— Xa-xa! Xa-xal — paspaacaoiCA TleHBRa rpoiiRHirb, hoQ^ao- 
HOCHuiTb CM^xoiTb, CHJiBHO saA'^^BaBmHiTB Hoe caM0JiH)6ie: — Htu 
npvHHMaemB Bce dxo na Bipy? Tu b^phhib, HaHBHaa Aynia, tto 
vb 862 roAy HOBropoAi^H, to^ho, xoahjih sa ]fHeE<9ecRoe nope h 
npHTJianiajni BaparoBB bojioa^^tb hmh? A wo tu CRaaRemB, ecjra 
s coo6^y re&h co6cTBeHHyio cbok) AorajiRy, B^epa tojibro npn- 
ineAniyiDi[HlBBroj[OBy,wocBapflrH»dTH 6eijih, 6htb Hoserb, ne 
HTO HHoe, RaRB <BoporH>, saBoeBasniie tbohxb BeJiHROAyniHUXB 
HOBropoAUeBB? A? ^iiCBy CRasH, xyxe moa AoraARaAoraAORBlIo- 
roARHa, EocTOiiapoBa h bc^xi APyrBXB? Hjih botb BosBHeuB 
^^HHTHCxaHa. ^BHaRHioift qecTOJiio6ieMB, ohb bbajib Aa n hobojeb 
Ha Espony necifiTHiifl opAH hsb rJiyiSHHB AsiH, h cJiywoiocB 
9T0 vb laROMB-TO lOAy. A ^To ecjiH Ha A^jrl-TO opAairB diEMB 
npocTO-Ha-npocTO spatB neqero crajio bb CBoeft AsiH^ h 6yAB 
HJni He 6yAB na cwbrb BejiHRifi ^HHrncxaHB — oh^ Bce paBHO 
XBHHyjiHeB 6u BnepeAB, RaRB abhsotch rojiOAHaJi capan^a hjqi 
nosHafl dJieRTpH?ecTBOKB Tyna? H'^tb, rocnojRa JIosHiiRafl, hItb, 
poBHo HHHero Bipnaro ne snaeie bh o npomeAnmxB cyAB(5axB 
^eJioB^^ecTBa, xoth xpoHOJioria h BusyCpena Baim Ha cjiany no 
yieCHHRy HjroBaftcKftFo! ^ojioft nodTOiiy HCTopiK), rb ^optyHCTO- 
piK>, H Aa 8ApaBCTByeTB CB^TJiaa, ipesBaa nayRa ecTecTBoaHaHlfl! 

— IIoCTOft, a KoCTOMapOBB RaRB JRC? JH^aBHO-JIB TU CaMB BOC- 

xHH^ajicfl ero co^HHeniHiiH, ero rphthroS ycTaHOBHBmHxcfl BsrjiH- 
XObb; a, B^AB, ohb Toace hctophrb?.. 

— H RocTOMapoBa xyAa se, ro bc^mb ^epTHMBl Bce BSAopB, 
BpaKH, OAHH nycTHfl raAanifl. BcixB bctophrobb na CB'^bri oi- 
AEM^ fl sa oAHy crpoHRy IlHcapeBa. 

— TorAa h rasen, snaiHTB, ho nyxHo, noroMy hto oh4 co- 
"peKeHHoft HCTopleft saHEHaioTCJi? 

— A TTO JKB, H BB raseiaxB rb ^opiy nojniTHHecRie ota^jih. 
[oAynaft tbi caMa: TbiirB samiHaeTCH aia npocjiaBJieHHaH hojih- ^ 
iRa? %o laRoe HCiopiA, BooCn^e? HsaHB no6HjrB ceroAHH GTA^tk 
lana, a na sasxpa GienaHB, nonjioxHie nosaBxpaRaBB, oxxysirJiPr 

llBana— Boxi ona Hcxopin, boxb nojmxHRa. Ha RaRoro me mh^ 



32 ^yCCKOB BOrATGTBO. 

ji&naro tboa Hciopla, tboh AjieKcaHApu MaseAOHCRie, tboh 
HanojieoHu BejiHsie? 

— Ha 6yAyn^66 Bpevfl ohh, koh6^ho, H6 nyacHu naifb; ho, 

stAB, OHH 6UJIH, B^ABy OHH— HCTOpHHeCRlft ^^Fb? 

— OipHi^aK), canoe cyniecTBOBaHie hxi» oipHitaK)! Ohh xsa 
ueasL — nycToe m^cto, HyjiB, MeHune Hyjud 

— UiTbj 310 ysi cjiHioKOirb... nocTOft, JIoHBRa, 131 ysjie- 
KaemBCfl, tk nyraenubCfl... 

— SaKi xaKTb nyraiocB? B'b neiix? Pa^? Hy-Ra, ny-Ba, no- 

CHOipHlCb. 

— ^a, R0He^H0,nyTa6mBCJi. HcTopiEjroBopHiiiByHeHyjKHO^ra- 
derB H6 HysHO... A oTKyAa se cairb m ysnajTb Bce lo, uroro- 
BopHmB npo ^iHHTiicxaHa sf nponee? 

— On HjiOBaficKaro, He6ocB? 

— He OTB Hero, ho BceTaRH hsi xoft se HCTopiH. YHe6BMBM 
Tu pasHOCHHiB, HoxoTi 6uTB, H HO AypHO, HO HO caMyio HayKj. 

Cnop'B pasropajucji; JOLenBRa RHn^THJicfl, pasApaauuica h aoxo- 

AHJTB Bl» ROHI^i ROHItOBl AO SLBEUYh fflA CaHOFO Ceds H6C006paS- 

Hociefi H aOcypAOBi noHHnie juaa^e oipnitaHia cyn^ecTBOBaHia Ha 
CBiii HanojieoHa h AjueKcanApa MaReAoncRaro. TorAa, BsdimoH- 

HHft, BilBeAeHHHfl H31» CeCfl MOHMH HaCHimRaMEy B6 npOCTHBmHCB 

CO MHoft, OHi yCiraJii eii^e noAHHTUBaiB CBoero nncapeaa. 

B% ROMnaniH co HHoft, Taneft, Hncefi h BaHAOft JleHBRa ni*- 
xajiii paHBme JlepHOHioaa h ynHBajicfl HeRpacoamrB^ snaJTB na- 
HsycTB BejTHRoe HHOsecTBO crnxoBi H A^^o cam rpinnui'B hho« 
TAa pH^MaHecTBOiTB: ho owl BHesanHO ozjiaA^joLi* rb nodrairb h 
na^aji'B pasnocHiB hxi, RaRi tojibro npoHHTajni ri ROHiiy oa- 
laro RJiacca snaMeHHTyio ciaTBio IlHcapeBa o IlymRHHi x B^bjara- 
cROifb. 9to oCcTOflieJiBCTBo 6BIJI0 oco6eHHo ropBRO jifiA nacB, aI- 
BymeR'B, RoiopuA, ne HBiaBi* en^e IlHcapeBa, nepesHBajm nopy 
caMoro ropflHaro h GessaB^THaro yBJueneHifl noasieft HeRpacoBa; 
HOCxaBJieHHua Me^RAy AByxi» ornefi, cb oahoU ciopoHu— acecio- 
Rofi jioFHRH SApaBaro ctfucjia, ROTopyio cb roJioca IlHcapeBa 
pa8BHBaJii> nepeA^ Haim JleHBRa b% cbohxi nanaARaxi na noa- 
3iK), Cb Apyroft — JiorHRH HyBCTBa, roBppHBinaro naMi, hio 
nodslfl ecTB OAHa HS'b Jiy^nuixii paAOCieft jrh3hh, uu He cnasH, 
6HBajio, AiJiuAHOWHanpojierB, npnAyMUBan, RaRHioi 6u ho- 

BlIMH AOBOAaMH CpaSHTB CBOHXl ysaCHUXI> npOTHBHHROBl. 

HoHaTHO, HTO 6opB6a npoTHB'b noaslH h sa flee Ranijia, tjuib- 

flUMl 06pa30Ml, BORpyTB CTEXOBl. 

— Cthxh — epyHAa, jppibl — saaBJUJiB lenepB JI^OMancRift c:b 

06BIHH0ft CBOeft RaierOpHHHOCTBK) H yGiSAeHHOCTBiO BB roJioct H 

xecTaxi. — Hy, CKaxHie paAH Bora, rto h RorAa roBopHJH Kb 

SHH, Bi ORHBOft JKH8HH CTHXaifH, pH^MaXH? 

A RTO roBoparb bb :rh8Hh laRHMH aj^^hhhuiie n RpacH* 
BBiMH nepIOAaicH, RaRHMH HHrnerb TBoft HHcapeBB?— Bospasajia 



w 



x)HOcrcb. 33 

oa aio fl. — yacb ne j^MaemB jm tu, hto ohi cohhhajix HX!b 6en 
BCflKHxi noMapoKi? 

— K0H6HH0, 6e9B ifaJEMmHH, Cyxb b% dioirb yBipesal 

— Ho roBopHJTb-TO OHi pasB^ iBXh ace ciuiaj^o, Kaicb im- 
can? 

— 3ioro a He wax) xopomeHBSo. Ayicaio, Biipo^eicb, mo ohi 
H roBopHJTb npespacHO. Axi, 910 TaRaa tfujia rojioBa! ^a Hero 
TH coim^BaemBca? PasB^ lu ne dHaemB, HToCuBaEorb opaiopu, 
KOTopue ronpflTb xsuKe Jiy^me, h&tb imniyrb? Hy, a ctbdoimb- 
TO, yaci> HaKbpHoe, HHKorxa hhrto hb roBopHjrb. M no Moevy, 
CTHZH — 910 hbosb B&ffx'b CesBRycLi, nonmocTH h raynociK. Bb- 
Jia^a m HepHOBHJi pyKonHCH IlyniicHHa, xoia 6u, Hanpmi^iib, 
ero BBy^Hoft n BxoxHOBeHHoft cIIaiiiaBii^? ^epHAKB dronnpHJuo- 
msB% K'b ero co^EHeHlJiM'b* Hy, bto b^ab 6e8o6pa8ie, aronoBopil 
7 Hec^acTHaro cnixoiuieTa npocxo nepeiTB AOUieHX 6iurb Tpen];aTb 
no Bciwi maaicb, npHxyioiBaa ary BAOXHOBeHHyia sByHHOciB, nox- 
6ipafl 8TH HapflAHUfl pn^MuI Bon Te5i h Myaa, Bjieiaioiitaa &i 
rocDowiirb nodiam bi» osho, boti Te6i h c FopHTb Bociosib sa- 
poK) H0B0ft»5 KOTopuB MH syCpHirb KL 9K8aMeHaKb cb Tasoft Haip- 
Hon Bipoft B'B ero BAOXHOBennoe npoHCxoacxenle! 

— fii laKOiTb cJiyHa'l^iTO ace CKasemb tu npo HeRpacoBa, 
xoTopuB caMX coBHaercfl, hto cthxi ne JierKO wiercfl eny? 

— Hy, dTorb, HO Kpaftneft M'bpi, HCRpeneHi. Xora, Bnpo- 
^edTB, HTo se da HXBqa laRaa h HeRpacoffb? ]IncapeBi» h ero 
no FOJOBRi He norjuaSHJorb 6u. Kohohho^ sa coxepsame en* 
xoBi ero yRopHTB nejiBBJi; ho aro hecrojkbro ho nimaerb weA 
yTBepxAaiB, ^0 h HeRpacoa^b 6ojiBmoft ^^AasB, mo m owl bo 
Cfo 611 pas'b yicH^ nocrynHJiii, ecjm 6u Bxicro cthxobi hh- 
eajTb oduRHOBOHHoft, pasyjiHol HejioaiHecRoft piuio* 

— JIOHBRa, mo TH FOBOpHHIB! A RTO Si'b 6h HaHHCaJTb Torfta 

«PyccRHxi iceHH^Hi>, cKoHy na PycH shib xopomo>? 

-^ Bon 6/hjsfii.. Owb bi nposi xjnmo 6h en^e HaoHcaJiii. 

— OxHaRO, HHcajTB se ohb ^o-to, b'b npoBi, xa^ roBopan, 
moxo? 

— Orroro, mo ne xoiAhi. Oh-b hphbhkb, (JixHara, Maa- 
mncB x^oiTb CBoeft shshh c^HiaxB cthxh, — ny, h orxaerB jiyH- 
miii^CHjai aroft nejitooft sasa^- ^1 npaao, ne yxHBJifliocB, hto 
HOeiH Hanoi h sHByrB taRi Majio, ne yxEBJnocB, ecjm h HoRpa- 
coffB CRopo npoTjmerB hofh: nponpo6yft-RacTOJiBRonoiiOTiTB Haff^ 

nOXHCRHBaHBeiTB aiHX'B npORJIflXilXB pH^lTB, HaffB yRJUffROft CJIOKB 

H KHcaeft vh Merpi — nedocB, ne nposHBeniB aojq^oI 

— A noneiiy se Fere aujjii joJiro? 

— Hanuota Roro aafliB. Bonepanxi, siueiici, a H^iceitRift 
sauKb HecpaBHeHHo BBipa6oTSfflHie pyccRaro, h xaicB acHRift pat 
nosHHRTB Ces-B Tpyaa cthxh nnmerB. A, bobtophxi, Fere, b^rb, 
6iurB HSB^CTHuft HxioTB, 6631 MSUiMmaro saxaxRa npaBciBeHHuxi 

^7t4 0tx£nl. 3 



34 PyCCJCOB BOrATCTBO. 

ooHffrit. ^epeii'b y Hero, no Bceft Bipo^THOCXH, 6uxh o^em 
RpinoKb. 

Boo6n^6, ASS JlesBftH ho cyo^ecTBOBaoo HHRasEX'b Tpytpavb 
EMM cxosHHxi BonpocoBi: IIhci^wb 6hj[i a^ Hero TaRoft se- 
jiHROJriimoft oTMUHRoft, Cb noMon^&K) BOTopoft caMue MyApeHHe 
juapipi oiUHpaxBCb oieHB npocTO, yxo6HO h CEopo. He b!b C9J[axi> 
napapoBaiB ero APBOffi TaKHMi »e cbosmh APBOAaioi, HHorxa 
Hyn He mnraa on coshshIji CBoero 6e8CHJEifl, orbropBRaro co- 
aufcjrtHiji o <rB6Hyn^eft» h ace se ropA^o JuoCmioft aoasiH^a Ha- 
KHffmajacB aa Hero vcfo c% ynpeRaacs kb jmeomhcjuh, bi ot- 
cyrcTBiH coCcTBeHHiirb j6bsmmAf vb pafkatecrsi nepexi aaro- 
pBxeiaigH. 

— ?fo n&k BOBra Docji'lAflaA CKasBen, to na xjmb iBodl 
cBepxy H iusan.*. GtuxHCB, JleHBRal Aabho-oh cairb ni na- 
Ksycn yuuEL Ho^micobi^ Tfjb »e Hocjift asoro xOKasaxex&CTBa, 
^9o BBBTpa TH HO CTafieoiB pa8H0CHi!B IlHcap6B& H paciioiCaiB 
Mo6% nepejt^ Kiirb''H]i6yAB xpynoii) 

Ha^lirb cuBHie houu 6iuio yRoaioTB canodnoCie J[0bbek, 
oeRop6BTB H BsneccH ero vn ce(Sa, Ran hqkoChhich oomdadsum 
Bi TBepxocxH ero yfitaneBtl, h tojibro kbA ojchcA okb cvoponpo- 
n^ajEi TBKla ocRopCfjieKUi. 

ToiTB 8a lOHon lacRais nairb fifrnzBcsHk couanHui 
6oroxBopmiaro meb IlHcapeBa/ ho, ho seoiafl pascraBaTBCii 

Ch CBOHMK XOpOnUfB HJUOOBiJOOI H BHCTlfflRnBHO CTpaOiaCB 

BcecoRpymaioniieft co^hcxbkh, mh ho loponsxHCB urais hjtb. 
Mu npeffEDOUTaiH BocnpHHSicaxB hobha HxeH wpen JIoHBRy: 
TaR:b 6wio xene h cnopsiB m OopoTBca Cb hhuh... Mh, s^- 
BymRH, HXThjm^ BiipoHein>, Boo6nie, sHa^mreJUBHO neHBme caepcr- 
HHROBi-fOHomeft H 6HJIH, Bi cynpocn, HeB&Kxaioi cpaBHSxeuHo 
xoTfl 6h cx< Tbwb se JLoHBRofi; ho eio HR^iyrB ne Kioiaio HairB, 
cHirafl ce6a bbpocjoimh h hokha, RaR'b HexaBHO eo^e owb rb- 

SaJICa Ham MaJEEHBROITb; BUCOROMipHO CHOpHTB CB HHMl HO HO- 
BOXy CaiQIX'B BaKHUXl H HeOOHATHBnL'b HBHl ^^OCO^HXl BO- 
npOCOBlf JIHIIIL Cb nOMOn^BK) BCeBOSMOJRHUX'b yJIOBORB H XBIpO- 

cieft CRpuBaa CBoe HeGOGB^THMoe HeaisecTBO. CnopHJiH mh 6ojib- 
meio ^acmo con ynai, h tojibro criohhocib JieHBRH BxaaaiBCJi 
acerxa h% RpaftHOCiH, xoboxhtb cboh noJioaeHifl so abhuz'b a6- 
cypxoB'B HOsaojiAJia hbicb nepiffU) bhxoahh^ci HecTBUHnarHX'b 
HepaBHurb 6RTa'B. Tbkb, yBJieRmncB Teopieft ^apaBHa, JleHBRa 
roTOBi 6isjrB oaho apeHJi npeRJiOHHTBca nepex^ rpyGoio 4«8£^e- 
CRoft CHJUoft, a ocjiinjieHHiift 6ji[ecTameft, nopasarejiBHO-npocioft h 
acHoft HCTopHHecROft ROHuemtieft Borjih, oipHitairb acflRoe sna- 
HOHie oTx^^Huxi JiH^ocTeft H HBxiaajiCA HBA'B cTBRiB HasuBaeicu- 
«B> aejiHRHMH JuoxBMH H repoHMH*.. 3a CBoe coHHHeHie no pyccRoft 



DHOCTb. 35 

cJiOBecBOCTH IleTpi BejiHKOMi, TAi owh <pa8BiOTHBan> reHisuiB- 
Haro luipfl, npeodpasoBareJix PoccIh, orsHBaacB o mun vb ca- 
HUTh Beao^mnesbBssrh BnpaseHliix'b, JeHLsa Tfth He nnjLmbwb 
MZ'b mcHaalH, cnaceHBsft tojibro sacTynHHHecTBOirb xspeRiopa 
KoimiKOBa, Koropiift cnaran cnoco6Haro JloMaHCRaro spacoio h 
ropxocTuo saBexeHLi. JeHBsa orx^aarcfl liirb, no rrpocBxbxh 
js^xpo HOx&no Bi Kapi(ep% h 6iiji'b nepoBexefffc bi cjiiityn^ft 
xjiaca 6en HarpaxH. 

il. MenbuiNHV 



r 



Bopbda 3a HsdHpaiejibHyK) peoopMy fl 
AhtjiIh h peoopMa 1832 r. 



VI. 



Bo BTopot pasi vh Te^oHie iiflTuiTifl pafio^ee HabeiieHie Ahf- 
jBiH nomiTaiooB AofiHTBoa pe^pMH napjiaiieHTa, sairhsBi BH6op- 
Hon oHOTeMii^ (MuronpiiiTHot HOKiD^HTejiBHO EoiTK OAHHicB BeiueBia- 
A'i^HeoKimb HHTepecaiTB, HOBoi CHcrenot, Koropaa i^oJQua fiizxa 
Bceqiio onHpaxbOH Ha ffiuoKpwnnecxMrh npsHi^flsaxi, ha Boeofin^eft 
noAa^ voJLoeoB'h, s bo BTopofi padi norepniio nopaseme. OnspaB- 
meeofl Ha sHanreibHoe 6oibnDDieTBO vb o6inrb naiaraxi HHnncrep- 
cTBo He TOiuLO OTCTpaHHJio saHBio^Hiifl TpefioBasifl, HO npEHHIO pflffb 
HipB, HifiBniHXi i^iiBi) yHHTTOSHTB Ha 6jAY^ee Bpemi Aaxecairyx) 
B08icosHOCTb BosfiysAaTB oioiB narjfiHse e onaoHHe BonpooH, Kas'B 
Bonpooi pe$opMi. 3asoHii, oocraBieHHiie EiBAOHOirb h Cs^piy- 
TOH'B, 6iuH HpHHHTii, no6iAa, sasaiocb, 6iua nonot, h onacHocTb, 
KOTopafl sacraBiflxa €jspoMtm> on naHH^ecKaro ysaoa* pyROBOAfln^ 
c^pu, onacEOCTB npeBpan^enifl apHCTOEpan^ecxot AnrjiiH vb ^e- 

HOKpaTH^eOKJD CTpaHJ, — ^MHHOBaJia. 

Ho TO 6iuo ismb OAHoi bhahhoctbd. Ha jijbjA no6b]ifik 6iiia 
spaiiHe Hessa^HTeibHoi. 

npHHHTHO cmecTB asTOBi 'RocTShfR^ HO HpoESBon osHAaoHaro 
BneqaTjrfcHifl e jifiSkcmui Ha yioi, h onacHooTB AaiBHiftniaro xBHxeHiii 
Bi) nojiBsy pe^opmi BosHHua bhobb, paHBrneHOTe^eHifl nepnaro ro^a 
nocjDL'l onjfiJuiKOBaHifl 6HJueft. 

B^ HaorpoeHiH o6]i(ecTB6HHaro MH^HiH Ha^aia ooBepmaTBcs yse 
Bx 1819 r. sHa^BTBiiBHafl nepeMiHa, yoHXEBaBinaflOH vb Tdqenle no- 
cj[tAyKn^HXi> jsfiesTR jAtl h nooreneHHO yRecmafl b mecTB 6Huefi,H 

peTHBBX'B UOHOBl KHHHCTepCTBa, H OIUOTH 3eHJ[eBJ[a;^qj[BeCKHXl HHTO- 
peOOBl Vb BKJSJb HCEJQD^HTeJEBHHX'B npaBl, EOTOpHHH BAa^^IO OHO 00 

HooTaHOBJieHlflui napjiaMOHTa, H, nasoHei^'B, h etapyx) H36HpaTej[BHyD 

CHOTOHy. MEHHOTepOTBO, pyKOBOAHMOO RdCTJlBpH H OFO 00K)3EHSailH, 
CEAEyTOlTB H ElBAOHOHl, OaMO OT^aCTH COAtftOTBOBaJIO H3HtHeHiX) 

ofin^ecTBeHHaro hh^hui h ycsopEJio ero obohitb ofipasoirB jiiA(Tmi h 
CBOHHH aaKOHonpoesTaMH. HpeHifl 1816 h 18 rr., HanafleHifl onno- 



BOPBBA 8A H3BflPATEIIiI7I> PEMP1I7. 37 

8X1^ nuTaBineSofl pa8o6jia^iHTB Miponpiffrifl CKAMyra, He nom He 
oTpasRMa HE o6]i(eoTBeHHO]nb ntaiH. nojanBa ace uHHerepoTBa 
vk 1819 r. xaia osnHHS Tonox'b effa na^aBineiijoii noBopory 
Bib' HacTpoemH crpaHH. MaH^ecrepoBiii ootiHrifl, conporaBieHie, OKa- 
sftHHoe MEHHorepcTBoirb npexxoseHiD, HaBHawb lurfiAonieHByD kom- 
MHoiD no MaHieorepCKOHy Kbrj^ speAioseHiD HameAiiieHy noji- 
MEdk onuHSL vh crpaBftf sopoAHn HjBOTBa, vl bhookoS ciene- 
Hx He6iaroiipiiiTHHfl jifiB. KHHicreperBa h oCfbtca naian Aftse 
vh KpyraxB, BpasA66H0 HacTpoesBHXi npoiHBi paAHKanHoft naprii. 
Onoro H Ha came nxeoib 6Hueft o6niecTBo eiaio GMorpirb, san 
sa HeyAaajD nonHTKj nojQ>asaTb eHorexi MerrepHHxa, BoonpoHSBe- 
CTH ee vh oTpaHft, BOHOXHryiaoHHiie nopaflsi xoTopot ctohxh wb 

npOTHBOpi^ Vb BTOt OHOTOMOt. OnorO MHHHOrepCTBO He pHCKHJiie 

norpedoBaTB bhobb orxiEH habeas corpus. Oho, bhahxo, KoiefiaiocB, 
He pimaxocB nolTH no orapony nyn, Ha^epraHHOHj B&A6BflH0GiHx% 
roxan IlHTioirb MjraxniHM^, h, xan hh BHffiiH, cxonHpoBaHHOHy 
paHBme CHjqcTToirb, kih npocro nonuo nro opjffie npHTjnHioob, 
^To sojBdOBaTBCfl HMi — OesnoiesHO. IIonHTBa BepHTTBoa ki ora- 
poHj 6Hia, npaBxa, oji^iiaHa bx 1820 r., ho oxoHmaob nox- 
HfiOTb $iacKo. Hh leMHoe a^o saroBopa vb EaTO-CipHT^ AOxaiH 
KOTOparo oxiiaxHOB HSBioiHH naBHiiVB odpaaoirb 6xaroxapfl cbh^I- 
Teno, He ^HrjpHpoBaBmeHy na cyxi} hh noHBienie BHesanno vh 
Ahtdh h moTxaHji^ MaccH BOSSBanift, npHSHBaBmHTB pa6oiee na- 
eetienie Kb BOBOTaniD ob opysievB vh pjuxi, He noHom jsjiij h 
BerpiliEXH no^cTH noxHoe pasHOxynde Binyfinnci, toS canot nyfinsi, 
KOTopafl cHibHO BOXHOBaxacB on yxaea, xorxa efi ooo6nwai o Cna- 
^xbjijk HiH noxBHraxB OxaHxerepoBB. J(ase 6oxie. Bi BossBaHiaxB 
BBCBMa MHOrie roTOBH 6uxH yoMOTpiTB pyxy arexioBB *)• noBioHy h 
vioiB «6HXBi» HpH Boiuiymiiir% r^fc oxHHHiMnETB ^exoBixB xasa- 
xepiH H OTOXBKO ace ^exoBixB MnxHipHOxepacaxH xepxB naffB xy^sot 
xDX^t,o6BHBxeHHiiXB TOT>iac% acecpaflHxaxaiiH*, h bshxh ee bi nxln**) 
BosfiyxHxa yxHfixH h nocxyacHxa nosace opyj^exTB ffn capxasMa bb 
iiaxart. 19 ^exOBisB 6hxo apecroBano, ho toxbxo vpn ocya^eHo, ne 
oxorpa Ha oxxohhootb npHoaaosHX'B bb to BpeHa xb o6BHHHTexBHmrB 
BepxHKTaHB, cxxoHHOCTB, xoTopyi) HcnHTaxB Ha ee&k h TaHTB, h 
BepxeiTB, H Kaprpafn, h xp- 

OqeBHXHo, TTO MHHHCTepciBO K^jmMoch xBHiB 6xaroxapH CO^B- 
etBynn^xy eny 6oxBn7HHOTBy bb naxaiaxB, ho ytpanxo yace no^ny 
BB orpaRft H ^yBCTBOBaxo cete ace (Soifte h 6axie cxaOioiB. He 
nponixo H XByxB xiTB nocxi notiixK bb naxaiaxB no Bonpocy o 
niecTH 6HxxflXB, xaxB HacTpoenie otimtecTaa no oxHomeHix) xb hhhh- 
erepcTBy Hamxo ce6i BHpaaceHie bb xaqi oxHoro hbb yHipoHHUXB 



*) Ann. Reg. 1820, 370. tBj some he (asTopi hand-bill, pasCpocEHHUXB 
BB Fxaaro h ap. MJ^cTaxi) is expressly said to have bleu a spy of governe- 
meDt> etc. 

♦•) lb., occurs., 107 H xp. 



38 PrOCBOS BOrATCtBO. 

ueflOBi naiaiH. <Hto laoaeroc KSHHorpoBrb, BOOBHuyn Gurwen 
Bi najiarb ofiopucs 23 amapa 1821 r.^To'on xoKaaanoBOX) nonyD 
Heonooo6HOCTb n ynparaeHii). HHSorjota eo^e Bce otba^dcmo He ((uio 
AOTasoi oreaem npoHKnyio jMa^temeirB bbbioA m HeonooofiHO- 
CT^, xaKi Bi HaoToflqee Bpeiui> h jO&Bj^esie no xo loro ohibho, «ro 
Bct asm^iaHe, (Sesb paajoniA eooioBift h SBaHit, BSHpanrb ba hx^ 
jxajieBie, Kas'b Ha eAHHOTBeHEjD cbod Hax6m7» *). H sra pft^ h6 
6iua jooiib joraHKHi xn eAHHHUiDrB MHftHieinb ueaa Bcaiani: ero 
paaxiiHio H 6QIUHHH0TB0 Hai^H. CsaHxajOHoe k&io h oponeiMrb xopo- 
jioBU KapoiHHH[,^oi^60<yB9 BBKOTopoHiMHHHorepoTBo, vbjTOffj Teop- 
ry IT, Bexo cete ao Toro 6e8TaEiso, 'no saeraBEio HaH6oifte xftpoBmro 
HSi ueHOBii ero, KaHHHHra^ orsaaaTBeii on nopr^^eu, ho toibko bkb* 
Baio nporeoTU vb orpaHi, ho h ofoexncUB bpomshho vb oahovl h 
T0Mi> se HacrpoeHiH h HapoxHyn Maooy, paSo^ee HaoejieHie crb ero 

pa^EKaiBHIDIH BOSBmfOa^ H ll6epaiBHHX1b BHTOBl 01^ HZ!& HHOfOnO- 

jieHHUMH npHBepsenqaMH, h oosxan HMeKso ion oodbs, na xoro- 
pHft, sarb Ha ao6a ^rfmficmjmajA, yse ysaakBan bi 1819 r. £ibxohi»» 
Ho onQriSsH HHHHOTopoTBa no x^ KopoieBH 6ua He exHioTBeH* 
HUHH npHnHaHH nonaro n^AOHiH ero vh naBaxi 6oiunot uj6mmvm. 
MHHHcrepoTBO xo6Hiocb HBxaHifl xpi^BOHOBOKaro, noBHXHM(»iy, saKOHa 
nponBi npeooH, a uem^j Tbin, ne cHorpfl na Becuia ycepxHiuc 
opecflisoBaHifl npeooUi xapasrepx nooiJ^Hei ho toikko ho hs- 
HiHHJiofl, ho CAbtaiefl Coxie ptosmrb. IIoHpoBHTeiBOTBo soeBeH- 

HOe, OKaSKBaOHOe HHHnOTepCTBOHl OAHOt H8l oaMHTb rpHBHim 

rasen, SDaHeHBTot cjohn Biill», BiUHBaBmeft hotosh rpssH Ha ko- 
poxeBj H efl Ban^HHKOHb bhtobi, to o6eroHTenoTBo, mto h rasera, 
H Bce 6ojrbe yBeiHUBaDntaaeH Hacca fipomnpi, naH^eroBi^ HSBto- 
Haro HanpaBxeHiH oeraBaiHOB CeBHaicaBamnoiH, oTKpHBan xnepH h 
xiflreuHi^ paffHKaiBHOt oapriH, ho nepeoraBaBmet arHnpoBaTb hb 
noxbsj pe^opHH. SasoHi o nenaTB osasuBaioa Ban 6el neprBOt 
6yKBot, H rt, BTO npoxojoian oHorpiTB na Bonpon o pe^pirk, 
saBX Ha Bonpon Hyn ne o peBOJ»miH| lopH-napii, TopH*eHHOBonu 
H T. n., co^um oefis BnpaBi npHHan oboh xipii npoTHBi pasixBa 
H paonpocTpaneHiH Toro, ^rso ohe HasHBan peBoiDi^OHKimi xT^m%« 
On c^opHHpoBaiH cKOHOTETjipoHHyi) acooqiaipn», o6n|eeTBo, lo- 
Topoe BparH OEpeoiHn nasBanieHi <Bridge Street Gang» **), h no- 
cieneHHO cran pasHrpiiBaTb no OTHomemi) bi npeoci poA npoBj- 
popcEaro m^sopa, B086ya;xaiH npeojd^xoBaHiH h xot^HBancb o6bhhh- 
TeiBHim npHTOBopoBi, npoHBneeeHie Boiopun 6iuo t&ms 6oiie 
BosHosHUKb, TOO uoHH aooo^ia^ul HBJULnoB nep^XKO h npnoasHU- 
HH| H mepH$aHH h t. x* Kpnxi HeroxoBaniH paaxMon bi Ahtiih^ 
Korxa x^oTBiH aoooi^iaxi^ ciaju Botei hohh, h onnoaHiQH x^ia 
renepaibHyK) 6etb7 HHHHCTepoTBj, BOTopoe bhio h eia6o sanqm^aio 



*) Hansard, New series. IV, 46. 
♦•) Ann. Reg., 1821, 60-61. Cm. E. May, II, 179 h oil 



BOPBBA aA II8BHFAT191BH7D FE^OPinr. 39 

QO^Ho H81 OBOHX'B MB jsjbTBnuh. *) EoxH onnoaHipH He jAajTOOB o^ep- 
acaxB nojorpo m)6ifj vb napiaKeHift, to bb ofimecrffb oeabhoo 
BoeuxAiHie (Shzo npoHSBeAeHO paso&ia'^eHiflKH Epyn h OiecTamett 
pt^BD B% dan^vry npecosi JemHHrroHa **). yClsAeme, ^ro mh- 
HHcrepcTBO 6e80HiBH0 H cj[a6o» hto oho h6 OGTaHaanBaeTCfl npe^^ 
sapymeHieiTB xoporot aHrjraqaHaxi> jra^Hoft cbo6oah» ysopeHHjiooB 
en^e cHiBKfce, ^fkm npexAe. 

Me«A7 ^^^^1^ HOBut BpaPB XEHHorepoTBa noflBHica na ci^eHB b:b 
jouii xan HiKOTopuzi TOpH, TaK'B H seiueAiiB^eoKaro uaoca n oco- 
6eHH0 ^epiiepoB^. T&se npHmnu, KOTopiu hoCjahjih paOo^ee saoe- 
xeHie Bce oi 6oxBni6i h Sonmeft dHepriefi HaoTaHBaxB Ha pe^opKi 
napiaiieHTa, na^aiH OKasHBaxB OBoe x'^ftOTBie h Ha BeiueAiJiB^eoKie, 
a OTTOOTH E seiueBiaAiJiB^eoEie uaooH. noKpoBHTexBOTBO, oxasaH- 
HOe naiaTaMH bi 1815 r. seiueBia^^ixBHiairB ooBAanieirB HOBaro 
xjifiHaro sasoHa h oraBKoi) vh 80 ihhju., AooraBHBniee spyoHiie 
CapHHiH aemeBJiaAiiBi^kHi, oiajio TepaxB oboh) cbjej. He OHOipfl na 
TO, vo VB AHTjdD AO 1822 r. xjri^6a BOBoe ne bboshjch e3:b sa rpa- 
HHipi, ci 1820 r. qfiHH na jJsilH Ha^mn fiuorpo naAaiE: jifl 65 m. 
B% 1820, AO 54 HI. Vb 1821, AO 47 M. Wh 1822, a napajuejiBHO 
oaAaiH Boe (Soiie h 6ojAe h 6apunui, noiyqaeiiue seiueBiaA&iB- 
ipofH H ^pnepaMH* Au eeMieA^iH h seMjieBaaA&HiH naorynEfB 
ofliBHiftniit HpHBHCi, KaEoro OHH en^e ne nepesEHBan vh XIX b., 
H, ecrecTBeHHO, rJiaaaBctxiseMieBjiEaAimteBir, b% ooo6eHHOCTH uctuxi 
TopH, oSpamucB k% spaBHTexBCTBy: oho aoixho fiiuo onaciH hx'b 

OTb HOeJliACTBifi KpHBHCa, npiOCTaHOBHTB KpHSHOl, npHHfflB A2fl 8Toro 
IffipH. H HHHHOrepCTBO, H napjiaMeHTB 6fiIXH HHHHOrepOTBOH'b H 
QapJEaHOHTOHl TOpH, 6iUH eCTeOTBeHHUMH H Heo6xOABM£DIH HOBpO- 

BHTeuKH HHrBpecoBi semeBJiaAiHia, h na hhx'b Boaiosena lenepB 
6iua BOfl Ha^esAft- Ho y MEHHoreperBa He oKasasoGB HHsaKoro nia- 
Ma, HHKaKoro npooKia irbpi; tiojrteioro: oho KpaSne hooxotho nuo 
Ha Bvtpkvj Tpe6oBaH]fl]rB BeMiffBja^±ibUfiBT> h abmq npofioBaio 
pasa ABa aoChtboh y saxarb oTHtnii pimenift, KasaBmnxca aoMie- 
BiaAtoi^tn HeotfxoAHMHMH Ais in HHrepecoBi. Konccui, nas- 
HaqoHHafl aw HSCjAAOBanifl nojEOsemfl aeiueA^iifl vb OTpani h 
npHUHi spHBHoa, Ha npHHua hh Kb xasHMii cepBasBiiDnb pesyxBTa- 
laifi, H nwb Bcrbxi npoeKTOBi, HpeAiosenHBDCB seMxeBJiaAi^BiiiaHH, 
npomejTb oahhb: omftHa naxora na xomaAeft. Ho Basoe aHa^eme 
xoraa HMtTB era omiHa, xorAa KpnancB npoAOjasajiOH, ^kvu naAau 
H ycKieHHHe bohih o paaopenin huh oxoBODAy? Bipa vb mhhh- 
nepiOTBo H napjiaiceHTB opaay naja h opoAH ^pnepoBX, h cpeAH 
ffkxoTopiai BemeBJiaA^^iilOBi, h hoboo, HOBHAaHHoe eo^e bi AnrxiE 
ABHxenie oosAaxocB b% hx^b cpeAi. Eom he HHHHCTepoTBO, hh nap- 
laxeHTB He noiioranrB, ^o][o^^» aoxsho OKaaaxB ee6i oano nacexe- 



*) lb., 61. 
'♦) lb, 62-3. 



40 PyCCEOB BOTATCTBO. 

sie, H BOfl AHTJdfl nospHJcaob opasy naocot mnHroBi. Hanaia^ 
CEjiMAtmta, nojimraeoKafl amaitifl, arHTiipfl, Vb Koropoi opsHH- 
MajiH y^aorie xpyiuDBie semeua^Bi^, a riaBHyn pojib Hrpafli 
^epxepH. Ptem oioBa, ropnifl pt^m paaxaBanob Ha vrva cejo- 
CBHXb MHTHHTaxi, cjioBa H fi^E, HH Vb TOiTb no^iTH He ycTynaBmui 
p£?aMi Ha HHTHHraTB vh Cna-$HJnAi. PdsoiDipH, npHHHTHa Ha 

BOteb HHTHHraTB, 6hIH BHOfflft eXHHOAyinHHHH, H Vb UCJA riaBHHXl 

Tpe6oBaHiS, npeffuiBxeHHHX<B seiueffbjEB^eoBHWb uaccoHi, croan 
pe{/SopMa nqpAOMieMmaj oniHa xeGflTHHH, BpHHyxHreiBHoe noHUKeHie 
npoufiwrovb roeyAaporseHHaro Aoxra, yxeHbmeHie naxoroBi. *) Jbo^H, 
oTJraqaBmieefl xoHoepBaTHSHOHi obohxi nj^nit, noMepsHBaBmie oy- 
Hi(ecTBy]oniii nopflxon, sanvntaBmie HHHHerepcTBO h BonpoBaBmie 
sa Boi ero nipu, HanpaBieHHHH npoTHBi pi^ffHBaioBi, saroBopniH 
6ysBaj[&H0 rbirb se asaxovb^ khuhi roBopniH pa^saiH, BHCTynn- 
jDi n paxHKaxuiuHH TpefioBamoMH. H MHHHoiepcTBo oRasHBaioob 
yace coBepmeHHO fieBCHXBHHVB HOAaBHTb js^Ememe, v6o oho nanaio 
6iuo t£mh, bto 8a oxho nien vb wewl npn oninfi habeas corpus, 
opH ooB^iaHiH mecTH 6EjaeA Kaompn, iro6u noxaBHiB paffKaiuoe 
;^HseHie; aoChtboh htb roiocoBi ji;aL raKHTb se MftpB, HanpaueH- 

HEDTB npOTHBB HHTb CaMHTb, 6iU0, EOHO^HO, HOBOSHOXHO; CTOn Se 

(SesoHiBHHMb oKaaaiocB oho, ho oHorpa na cboh mecrb 6HJuet, 
npe;^ ^axroHB HpoHHSHOBeniH nxet Koti6eTa **) h ero raaetH hi 
epejij ^pnepoB^. cosxaHin cesperRaro KOHHTera, npeA^flBieHiH eny 
tiynarii, o BosdysAOHiH npoiteoooBB no otfBHHenii) bb high breason 
H T. H. He^ero 6aio h Kpaob, TaKi Kasi AiffreiflHH ABJiflncB ne 
Fbhtb hjdi EapTpalTB, a uenu naiaxH, uenH KOHoepBaTHBHaio 

60JQ»mHHCTBa. 

TenepB aexieAlJiB^eGKift kphbhoi sacraBurB h tIxi, kto n 
Hero;i(OBaHieHi oTBepran ipefioBaHiH papncajBHHTB hhthhtobi 
1817 H nocji[%Ayx>mHXX TojsflBh ooBpan^eniH paoxoxoBi h yven^ 
memH fipeneHH HaioroB^, naoraHBaTB vb najiart na BimoJOieHiH 
ooBepmeHHo TaKoft se h xaxe en^e 6oj£e paxHicaiBHoft nporpanHSi 
He ooraHOBHBHietcH h npe^B pobojidipohhod Mipon — noHHsemfl 
npoTSfiwtovb rooyxapcTBOHHaro js,omj^. MnHHCTepoxBy volens nolens 
npHxoAHJiocB H^nr no cronavB B^epamnnrB oodshhkokb, bhoohtb vb 
najiary npooETiz coKpantenit, onorpiTB uaAHospoBHo, Kan pa^ 
npoeKTOBir, oTBeprnyTEixi npes^e, bhobb bhocbtch na o6cysAeHie 
naiam, h KaK'B hobu& ^jiohh spoxi lOna, vb paAHKaxHSHi Roroparo 

MHHHGTepOTBO HO GOHHtsaJIOCB, SaXBaTSBaDTB Bl OBOH pyKH $HRaH- 

coByD nojCBTHEy, AaiDTB eS tohx. IlepeHtHa ffeEopamH 6£ua novrn 
nojmafl, h naio no najry HHHHCTepcTBo oTaio na^axB nox'B AasJieHi* 



♦) Aun. Reg., 1822, crp. 1 h 2.' 

'*'*) B% Gjribx. 1828 r., Ro56erb h cbmi jurano roBopHirb Hft oahoitb un 
QQBhCMMi'b MHTHHTOB'b, HMeHEO B% HopEqt, r^^ cpexH rpOMEHrB aHIUOAHCMeH- 

TOBB npHHflTH GbUHI BCt paAHBaSBHHfl Iipe;^IOSeHia ero 0TH0CHTeJQ»HD ^BHaHCOBB. 

AuiL Reg., 1823, 2—3. 



BOPBBA 3A H8BHPATBIBH7D PBMPH7. 41 

eiTB HOBHX'b o(kn!OflTencTB%. Bb Haiajrl 1822 r. CHj^vyTb noXHHyn 
lOHioTepoTBO BsyrpeiiHHrb j^in, Koropiorb oh^ saBi^puan Aoairid 
TOXH, H no^TK lepesi tokl ero po^HU, Baiepon h BaHCHTrapx, 
noaxMoBan ero npwMibpj. 12 aBrjcxa 1822 r. raaBHaa OHia hhhh- 
erepoTBa, JiopA^ KecriBpn, aapisaica bx npraaAKi^ fiesjirifl nepo- 
HSHHum Hosen, h cBoet oneprBi) Haneci nocxftjiEit m eaMuS th- 
xenil yx^pB Toft oioxeiii, jxpej^oTaBHTeieirb Koiopot ovb iiBiaicfl h 
KOTopaa rocnoACTBOBaia vb AmmM vb Te^eme ((arte 7 rtn. 

itimft pawb MHEHOTepcRHTb nopr^eiefl osasajioa 6e3i BiiM(tiB- 
i^eBi, H npHmiocB oosAaBaTmo^TH sanoBO bob HHHEorepoiBo, wb ieo* 
TopoiTbHaHikNrte Kpyinaaai npeAcraBKiexfliiH orapoft CHoieim aBumob 
JfRBepnyiB h Eibaohi* Ho nooiiAHift) BAHHCTBeBDmA sauuiTHjiEb bo 
HTO 6n EH ciaio craparo nopaxKa Bentet, osecroneHHUft Bpan xon 
6a eaHHTB Hfl:TroxHiixib HaiiiHeHit h pe^opirb bx sasot 6u to hb 
teio oipaen ynpaBiemi, 6sai> no^nn oahhoki. Bi JIiBepiijii eiif 
ipyXHO 6iuo Haftn no^AepsBy, TavB sarb y npeicbepa ho 6iaoEB- 
Ksioi onpox^JieHHot nojorrHSH, h owb noMepxEBan to, sa ^cio 
CToaiH 6orte eiepmine mhhhotph. IIOKa Oim CHAnyrB, okl fiim 
npOTHBHHBOirE HOBaro yroioBHaro xoxesoa, ho sorxa Ha OTOpony ko- 
xesoa emn IIhib, oh% BornpoBan sa Hero, sasi BornpoBan sa 
BxtaiDDdD HOJorraKy EBempH, a saTixi n Taxoik xe poBHOcruo 
K aa npoTHBonoxoxHyD HOiHTDcy KaHHHHra. SanuiTHTB orapoe 
owh 6ujrB He vb OHflan, h noTony Bceq^o nox^HHEieH Biifl- 
Hin HOBHX'B MHHHOTpoBi, raaBHUTB odpasoiTB RaHKHHTa, HOiyUB- 
maro nocn HHHHCTpa HHOcrpaHHUTB fftob. no^nn Bcft hobto 
MMHie r p ii npHHaffxesaxH kb napriH Topn, ho noflBienie htb bi 
MHHicTepoTBi HO 6iUo jmHB HepeniHoft iHitB, a HBHiHeneiVB oavot 
cHoieMH. CHcreMa HHOcrpaHHofl hoihthkh Kdotjibph 6iiJia TenepBoi- 
fipomeHa h ooBepmeHHO HOBaro o6pa8a jifAeimi cxarB npHAepsHBaTBca 
KaHHHHrB, HouTH cpasy se BUCTyHHBmift na sanpry 2H6epaxBHim 
TO^enift Bi EBponi h bb H). AMopHKi. IlepeirfcHa ^ponra hi hho- 
crpaHHoi nojunnrt ne Horaa ne CRasaTBoa ao HbKOTopot cieneHH bo 
BHyrpeHHeS noxHTHxi, h ona OKaaaxaoB bi net h npn KaHHHHri, h, 
Hoert ero CMepni, h npn yauHHrroHi« HsMftHeHiH h HacrpoeniH o6- 
H^eoTBeHHaro MHteia, yoHnBaDnneeea Biuode npoHHnueHHiix'B Riao- 
coBi a Hxi HHTepecoBi, Boe CHiBHie H OHJOHie BxlaiH Ha npaan- 
TeiBOTBeHHyi) cHCTeny h nooTenoHHo npHBOAHJra vb ^»0TH«0Hy pas- 
pymeHin crapsx'B nopaxKOBi. HIckoibko hobhmi jsjxovbnovbaovb 
AHTim; wb Te^eme 8 — 10 jArb orpaHa Kairb 6u nepepoAHJUtoB. 

3a^b He HioTO ooraHaBJiHBaTBCfl na noojAAOBaTejiBHorB HSjioaeeHiH 
^ro Toro, W cAiJiaHO 6£uo bi xe^eme speiceHH cb 1822 no 1831 r., 
D Heo6xoAHMo yKasaTB HanaHfioxie BaxHiia warb npHHHTsixrBpe^^opin, 
OffpHBaBmHX'B OTapidt orpofi h noxroTOBjUBinHX'B nouy xu P^^p- 
m napianeHia. 

Sanpen^eme, codxaHHoe wb koei(& XYIII b. h mnaBmee pa6o- 
[ee Haceieme npasa opraHEsoBaTB codsh h coo6iitecTBa, no hhh- 



42 P7CCX0E BorATcno. 

i^axHBl pa6o7aro $p8H<nica Iliaea x Jipti noMOom HOBaro uen 
napiaMeBTa, lOiia, 6iUo onffaieHO napiaiceBTOirB, n 1824 r. Ho- 
THBOiTB, noAifioTBOBaBnmrb Ha napianoHTB nocijxuo npoBOsmmoHie 

CBO6OAU TPy^ft* lips BOTOpOt, rOBOpUX lOlTB, COBepmeHHO HeHHOflEMO 

6iuo 6u cozpaHMTB OH17 fllb&iSTBlai ctaparo saKoaa. ApryiieiiTii 
K)ifa oxasaiH A^CTBie h oraTyrb 1799 r. 6wn> BfinepxHyn h sa- 
icbieHx HOBHHi, npeAOCTaBJuamunrB paSovHn eoBxaBaxB bhobb 
trades unioiuu IIpaBAa, b% /1825 r. ciaTjTB ifwh orpasneHi vb lom 
oxucii, TTO exHHciBeHHO jsfiZBOMWBHME ooDsaid H aoooo^iaituuai pa- 
6o^HXB 6UIH npasHass rt, Eoropiie wMbsyrb njkMUb perjiBpoBaxB 
pateiyx) muTy, ho oohobhoI npHnmrob sasoHa 6im coxpaHesB. 
He MeKfae immHHniii 6iiiH eiaTyiH, saeaBniieoa rbrb npavB seiue- 
BJiaxiHifl, KOTOi^ui craBBiH seiueBJusx&ai^eBi Bioeo6oe h iipHBHJie- 
npoBaEHoe nojioseme. To, ^ero HanpacHO AofiHBaioi PoMUDbH, uto 
0H% oTcraHBan bo huh <oaHott o6uAeHHOH YeoTH06TH», HxeHHo: or- 
M!bHa ozpaHH jq^pancKoft aeiux otb npoAan sa aoxtb, diuo ot- 
^acTH HpHXHTO B-B 1830 T., H oHoipaiBEEurB napaiaaceKEOKHHB asioKb 
Ha HaortAHHKa HeABHxui aro HMjniteoTBa BOBiaraiaoB oteaaHHOCTB npH 
npoAaxft seiuH ynjEaTRiB Boi aesanue Ha Het ffitm. IIoioseHie se- 
MieBiaA'biBiteBi npHpaBHHBaiooB ao HtsoropoS cieneHH %i> nojn)ae- 

HiD Bym^OBl H AP* XBU'b, OTHOOBTeiBHO XOTOpKrb, Ban XH BHAtJTH, 
POMHIBH yAaiOGB npOBBOTH TaSOtt Se SaEOHL, KaBOt 0KB BHeOl B1> 

najiBTy n no OTHomeHin Kb semieBiiaAiJEBi^aH^b. En^e bb 1825 r. 
BHeoeHB 6jui> npooRTB sasoHa, OTirfcHHBHiitt APyry» npHBHueriD apH- 
OTOKpaTlH, npaBO oxoru, h ^AaiBHsift saKoni o nett. drorb npoesTB 
6ujrb npRHHTB HaxaTot otfn^n'b, ho OTBoprHyrB xopAaxH, OKasaBHtHMHCH 

BUHyXA^HHlUIH npHHHTB OFO Vb 1832 T. BO BpOKH 6opB6H SB pe~ 

^pHy. UpaBO naTpoHBTa h pasAa^a dene^Hi^, BoiopuMH hoabo- 

BaUCB XOPAH H MHHHOTpH JSfiB OBOHrB CHHOBOS H APy^et, OTaJDI Wb 

ABaAi^^THxi roAaxi buxoahtb hbi yiioTpe&ieHifl, no HHHQiaTHBi he- 
Koro HHoro, jml% lopAa JlEBepnyu.*) HcEjnouTeiBHOHy roenoACTBy 

BHOOSOtt I^epKBH HBAB AHCOQITepaXH H KaTOIHXaHH, mnfeHHHMH 

nojunraeoKHXi npaBi, Curb HaHecen CHXBHitniilt yAapB h na- 

Heceffb HHEiHl HHHKb, EBKl tftOHCoWb K0H0epBaTH81ia> yBJUHHTlO- 

HOiTL. B'b anpbA 1829 r, ohx saoiaBHi'b Feopra lY noAHHoaxB asn 
06% diiaHOHnaipH bbtojiehbobi. A bb ioa'b paHBme, 17 anpiis 1828 r. 
ABB HBi BOBMTTHreiBHHXX BSiOBi QTaparo BpeHeHH, Test H Corporation 
acts, iimaBHiie AHcoeHTepoBi rpasABiCBHXi h noiHTHHeoBHxi npani, 
fiiUH oTirfcHeHH oOiHHH naiBTaiiH no HHHipaTHBfc ^osa PocoeiH h 
npH noAAepxBi IIhjui. IIpaBo 8ac!bAim» vb napuiieHTft 6h2o paemH- 
poHO Ha BHa^uTexBHyD rpynny sxwb\ oahhb ebb ochobhhxi^ npHH- 
i^inoBi napriH Topn 6hii> btivb paspymeH'B, h rocnoAOTBy naiaiu 
lopAOB'b Vb nojDiTHKfi H aaB0H0AaT6Ji[BCTBi cTpaHH HaneoeffB Kpyn- 
Hull yAapi. HeAapoHi Ejuaoh^b HaauBaii 6hjijib o AHOcenrepaxx «n0' 



*) Life of Liverpool, III, 380 h ci. 



BOPBBA 8A HBBHPATBX&HyX) PEOOPHY. 43 

aopsiiiiuQi'B SSI 6Hjueft>, orazzBajiGfl o uewb sasi o RpaltHe peao- 
JaoI^OHHot uipk '*'); oi touh zpkBiB npaBOBiipHHX'B tops bbcb ne- 
pioxib Bpenen ci 1822 r. Cbute p6Bon>qloHH£un&, xora Vh xiieiBH- 
TeDHooTE BOA 'peBoxpnifl daKJOD^aiaoB Bi cjia6HX'B aooHTJKari', to 
oodHaTejEBHiixis to 6Q8C08HaTejiBKzix%, jHeHBiiiHTb npeofijiaAai&iKyD 
K HCKno^an»iBKyD pou seMieBJUAbob^eeKsn UTopecoB'B, n bi orpen* 
m&saai otkphtb dojde mHposyx) i^BepB npoHHmxenHHicb HixepecairB 
M ABHaoHOMy xainmuiy. IIpeoiyjiHUii, ci iouk sptaifl "uemx^ Tops, 
sagBJrftHJfl iiHHHOTpa rBOXHoooHa, oTspHTo BKCKasuBaBDiaroofl aa obo- 
6oA7 TOj^OBifl H (mAwYf ecu He noiHy», to qaoTHuyi), xiii6Hiixi 
BaiKOHOBi, flOHO oBHAiTeiBCTBOBaJO, Vh KaRyn oTopoKy HanpaB- 
juiercA cunaiifl hobbixi j^Texeft b% HHHHorepcTBt h bi saxaTi. 
Yse paHBme MiHHorpy youecy yAaiooB nposecrfl psiji^ Mtpi, emAb- 
lOHxi qiiBD paenupiTL 0Bo6oAy ToproBXH, oTifiurxB HaBsraipoHHuft 
aETx KpoMBeju, orxpurb f,ui xoxomft ^yseaeiiHiie phhshh t. a-**) A 
recsHCOofli, Ao6iBmifioflorBiiaxaTU bo hhhqboSoxu ToproBn paspi^ 
muiui AonyoxauB bbosi b'B Anrxii) XHOcrpaHHaro xxi6a, HaHeoi ^ys- 
eTBHTejBuifl y^api oHOTeMl ABaaro noxpoBHTejBOTBa seiueBxaAijn^- 
%eeuin» xfliepecairB, a OTCDXft h noxoseHiio saHHMaeKOMy B:b xHdu 
cTpaHU BejueBiaxiiB^ecKHiTb apvoroKpaTiqeouini xiaocoHi. 

HexBXSHMsarB h HeTpoHyruirB oeraBaxcfl ihidb riaBHHft hbx 
onioTOB%, Ha KOTopue onapajioa apxcTOspaTH^eoxift OTpofi opasu, — 
BH6opHaa (uioreiia. Ho nocreneHHoe HSMiHeaie b'b HacrpoeHin ofin^e* 
eTBemaro Msbuji, QOOAi^oBaTeiBHoe OTCTymoHie on oiapoit eEoreiiu, 
npoflBHBBieeGa vb nauTl h bi MHHHOTepcTBaxi, aojubhh 6izn 
paHune hxe^ noaace npnBeerH ne tojoko k% HauaAeHiD Ha nee, ho 
H Kb paapymeiiD ea. Ilosa 8th iBHiHeHifl h OToryiueHifl oipaxaucB, 
Ao 1830 r., vb ycuemH otkphthx'l nanaAenift Ha napiaMeHTOsie 
nopiXKH H Vb arxTaipH vb nox&ay pe^pim. 

Koi^a pa6o^ae HaoeieHie vb 1817 — 18 rr. bshxo Ha cefis HHHiqa* 

nsy 6opb6h cb apEOTOEpaTH^eoKmcB aHrjiiftQSHMi cipoeHrB,— bi PEAItb 

Xase jDifiepaiLHoft aapiiH oho ho HaxoAHio he Hartftmefi noAAdpsouE. 

BaewTxinie ysaeoB^ ^paEiQfscxolt peBomqiH 61110 sebo y 6oxb- 

HiHHCTBa TorAamEBXi A^Teiet, e Aase oaime jmfiepaiBaue e3i ehtb 

OKXOHHU 6uxE yoMaTpEBaTb Bi MaJitflniefi nonurst ebm^eetb hie 

noTpe6oBafB ssHftEemE bi ROHOTHryipE, ooo6eEHO, Korxa Taiuui no- 

n&isa HcxoAExa ebi cpeAU <^epEE»> <Toxnsi>, — lyrb ne seeoHHtE- 

HHe npESHaKE noBTOpeniE peBOXDi^ e vb AhtxIh. HeMEorie san^ET- 

HHSE HapoAHHxi Tpe6oBasit Vb HaxaTt BUSHBan EeospHBaenoe 

AApasEeHie e BpasAy 00 oiopoHii rpoHf^aro doxsniEEOTBa h pasEO- 

Hde 00 eropoEu HeBEanreiBEaro MeEBmflHOTBa, cuoHEaro, npaBAa^ 

t» pe^pni, HO XEHIB vb eaicot yHipesEoS ^pvi, bi bea^ ^aoTE?- 

UTb nonpaBOKi exe AOEyH^eEifl vb HaRbcTEoft xipi EapoAa ss 



"*) Twifls, Eldoa, 37 a ox 
**) Ce. pinB WaUace'a y Hansard, Vfl, 808. Ann. Reg., 1822, 122. 



44 P7CCK0B BOFATCTBO. 

y^acrin vh noismeoKoi shshh crpuii. IIlHpoKifl h ciiixHfl Tpe6o- 
BftHifl papaajiOBi, ]srh ffiuozpiomwh 6iuk A&veKO He no jsjuA 
OojiuuHHCTBy, ffik exBa n h ho Boim BHrairB, h to, hto roBopHu 
Bpyxi Hacnen ^jbctbi bhtovb kb paxHBaiaitiY aqpasaio en^e h 
vb 1818 r. ;[itQTBBTeiBH06 HaorpooHie ndepanxoft napriH. Ho yxe 
Bii6opH 1818 r. coBxaxH no^Bj ]s,mb HSiiiHeHiS. Bi naxary nonajiH 
HOBue jAtnexiLj ho HoinnaBmie rfcxi Bne^arxiHit, Koropiut noOjAiin 
MHorsn H8% joiOepanHHrb x^ui'ioiet KOHi^a XYIII Bisa 6pooHT&oji 
vb o6iaTU[ peauiiiH. Yxaou peBomi^ ffu hhxi 6fiuni ho asEBBun* 
^Toinb, a ^aKTaiiH ai^hhto nponuaro, b la cua onacoHifi hobto 
peHifl peBOiDi^ vb AHrjdH, soTopaa sacraBHxa 61110 bmtobi no- 

BftpSTb BB A^tOXBHTeXBHOCTB OnaCHOOTH, UKl HapHCOBan 66 CEKHJTb^ 

sHameiBHO npsrynuaoB. 

B% 1818 r. npeAiosoHio pe^opim, oodxaHHOe BepAeiroirB, h6 
nojiy^uo HB oxBoro roioca aa ce6ii, vb 1819 r. sa pe^opiiy ciaiE 
BHCKasHBaTBoa yse MHorie, h napijii bhtofbi nojsj> Bne^aTrtHieirB 
MaHHeorepoKol 6otHE, a saTftii'B npoi^eoca sopoJieBii, oraia cCiHauiTBcii 
ci paAHKaiaME h nonHiaiaoB 3a6paTB bx cbos pyRH sapoxHoe xbv- 
S6Hie FB noiBsy pe^opioi. IlepejrkHa HaorpoeHUi cpexi befobi, so 
BpaftHoi Mipi ^aoTH napilH, 6iijia HaotoiBKO BHa^sTeiBHa yse Wb 
1819 r., TTO OpoeaiaoB Bi riaaa coBpeiieHHHEairB. cBoi npoHHi^aTeiB- 
HEie yim, BEmerB bi 1819 r. CHXHell Cmetb wb oboexi MeHyapaxi, 
fla^HHaDrB ouoHHTBeE Vb EoiBsy pe4»opKB[, E fl naxftncB, ^to loi 
BUffoiHEKi ee xjime^ ifkwb roonoxa TdEn e EofiOernrB. Pe^opEa 
XoxsHa ocyn^eovBHTBefl e 6yxerb ooyn^eoTBxeEa* *)• 

noEBTEo, TTO npE TaKot nepeE^Ei vb saorpoeriE 4^aKTH Bonii)- 
n^Bxi 8J[oynoip66ieHit BsfiopHoft oeotomh, ooo6n](eEifl Koropuxi 
paBHoxyniEo BuoxynmBaxEOB fb npesEie roxn naxaiot, ho Dponiifl 
HesaEi^eflBHEE vb HOBot naiart 1818—19 it. He to, too6h gee 
npexcraBAfliE oo6o» ^to ie6o eoboo, EOOSBxaEEoe. RasB to 6iuo e 
paiBnie, rpeEBEieBosifi soMErerb OBasaioE. oxHflasoBO saBaieEHKVB 
X&iaEH BxoynOTpeOieEiflxi. Ho ESEiEEiaeB Tova apisiE Ha exo- 
ynoTp6(Sj[eEiE. OrKpiiTuft noxKyiTB npE BHtepaxi bb HeEpEsft, EsrEasie 
193 xpecTBEEi sa HeoorxacEyD^b sexasieEi xopxa noxa^ roxoeoBi 
BiniBieoTepi,EarxaE ToproBiaroiocaEEBi BapHOTOiut et. x. **) — 
oxikiaiECB npexEeioEib oxBBJieHHEirB paaroBopoBX e oTKpuro buokb- 
SHBaeMiix'B TpeiSoBasii jranuTB EioxeuE npaBa botepobse. HaorpoeEie 
GfiUOTaEOBo, ^To naxaTa BunysxeEa 6ujia corxaoETBCE HaBOsfiysiweEie 
npecjrfcxoBaEiE npoTHB'B 6aESHpa MaEaociE Jloneca, BEBOBsaro bbtoei, 
^TO OBi ymaTEJTB no 20 $. orepi. KaawoEy e8i noxaBaBmETB sa 
Hero rojioci HsfispaTeJiet. CyxB npEoyxEJTB ((asKEpa e uena naiaiu 
Ri> 10 T. niTpa^a h jsfijwb roxaEi TnpeEHaro sauio^esiE. To, ^ro 



^) Memoirs of Sidney Smith, i;ht. y £. May, I, 281 npHM. 
♦♦) Hansard XXXIX, 711, 1353, 1448 h ap- A*«o Jloneea, cb., crp. 1890 
Op. Ann. Peg., 1819 r., npoi^eecfc Jloneca. 



BOPBBA 3A HSBHPATEflBHTX) PE«0Ptf7. 45 

npo;tbiHBajioefc paHBme h tfeaaaKasaHHo jifiomKAm jebi^'b, seiaBmHX'B 
nonacTB bi» naiaTj, h pascKasn o ^em BOdfiysinajiB vb naiaii jehhib 
eiftxi, sauirb Btsrpimvb 6im caaujia h sasycrB Jloceoa, lenepB 
nonaio vb paspigtB npecTjoHHXB h Rapaeioix'B xMerBift. IIo^Ba au 
A'UcTBit KB nojosy pe^pMH, noBH^HiioMy HeofixoAHXofi bi Bflxy lasHxi 
aioynoTpeCiesift, 6jah noAroroBieHa, h yse vh 1819 r. soopooi o 
pe^opirb Curb noffsirrB bi epeji/k yiribpeHHHXB bhfobi Ji^Kovowb 
PoeceaeiTB, cBasaBiiiHM'B HaBcer^a CBoe Him oi nepBoft napjraueHTCKoft 
pe^picofl. Emj jAaiooB coOpaiB BOKpypB ceda m&iyi> rpynny e^n- 
HOinimAeHHKXOB'B a bi ood81 ci^ hhmh Ha^aiTB owb ynopayi) 6opB6y 
sa pe^opny, saROHqaBmynoa no(!iAoi)1832 r. 

KorAa BepxerrB, BOjiiAB aa TaBHoiOROirB Bseci OBoe, aaai mu 
BHx&iH, BeoBMa yvipeHHoe ipedoBaHie o pe^opid^, — ^PooceiB^ noMop- 
XHBaa vb npHHiqini pe^opiiy, pfiaso BHoryniurB npoTHBi BepAerra, 
Haaaan «ahkhmh h xEMepaqmoiHi TpefiOBaaia socrtAHuro a rta'B 
Bnoni onpeAkrajTB xapaKxepB, pasr&pu a Hanpaaieaie OBoelt a^- 
TeiBHooTH Ha n(MiB3y pe^^opiiH. OrpaHH^arB acuD^areiBHoe BjdaHie 

HaBH60I»I BHOHIHX'B BeHieBJUIA^^eCKHZl UaCOOBl, (TB OAHOft CTOpOHH, 

pacnpoorpaHHKB asdHpaTeJiBHHfl npaaa aa apynHiie ^afipauHe a 
npoMBQiueHHiie ropoAa, ci APTit>A, — xasoBH 6iiJiH rxaaHua ooHOBama 
napaaifeHTORoft pej^opmi, aasfB ^opHyupoaajTB ee PooceiB. To finia 
pe^opaa, naiBinaa i^jibd AOMoapaTHSOBaTB napjiaaeHirb, ho iHmB 
nyreai apaBxe^ema vb aero naBaHirB o6pa80irB Toro aosaro uacoa, 
KOTopHlt ooBAaai Curb pasBarieai ^afipa^caaro a^^ b'b Aariia a 
aameai 6urb npasa npeAoraBareiBCTBa. Ti aioynorpefiieHia, Kasia 
oopovAaJiaoB oyn^ecTBOBaaieaii humhxi irbcre^eK'B, nooxysajm aaa- 
6aaie yA06aiiHi opyAieai A^a npoBOAeaia pe^^opan, a vb aepaoaii se 
npeAioxeHiH, cb xoropiurB en^e 6 iiMui 1879 r. BHoryinu'B PoccejOi, 
ooHOBasa leprH ero npoeaTa 6iua BuaeaeHii. OnrkaaxB npaao 
nociuaTB AonyTaTOBTB FB naiaTyyasdHpaTeiel npoaaaaBniaxoa nara 
MtcTe^ea'B, npeAOcraBHTB oraaroe y aaxi npaao BHfiopa cooiAHaa'B apyn- 
HsnrB ropoAaiTB, ho ho rpa^oxaaa'B, saa^B ae AannporB Aocraiouo ra- 
paaiift npoxaBi noAaynoai, — ^botb HTosaajnofnioBicefitflpeAioaceaie 
Poceeia. JIhqib bx ciiAy^niyD ceooiD aapiaaeaTa ero npoAioxeaie 
6uJL0 noABoprayro o6cysAeaiK>. Hoxoa^ npeaift He npeACTaaui'B hh- 
wro HooxHAaaaaro: npeA^oaceaie, no yfiiaweaiD 6oxBmaHCTBa, fiiuo 
6ojiie, ^ebiTB erpanHoe, h6o ne mduio openieAeHTOB'B m acTopm aariitt- 
csaro napjEaaeBTa. A naiaxa aopaob'b, «KOTopoft npeAOTaBxeao 6uao 
TpefioaaHle Pocoejra npeapaTHTB nociijusy writs vb aiore vo Grampound 
APm aaoua ero a aecBoeBpeaenHHirb, bi BHAy 6n3aax'B BH6opoBi 
-B HOBufi nopaaaeHTB, soropHft a pasfiepen Bct oiyqaa axoynorpe- 
aeait, a aecnpaBeAXBBBurB, a6o ae auoiymaaBi ofrBacaeaia o6bh- 
-aeaoix'B, u, hoa'b laKaaa npoAioraua, OTUoaaia npoesrL Pocceu *), 



*) Hansard, XL, 1502 h cji.; 1637 h cji.j Ann. Reg., 1819 r. 248, 1820 r., 
4 H ca. 



46 PrCOKOE BOFATCTBO. 

Heyxna m ofieaKypaxHia Poooau, « e^Ba yonlia ootfpanea 
HOBafl naiata, Kaxs BonpocB o rHUom irfanre^isarK m bi ^aoTEocTH 
Grampound'i 6wrh noKBSTb Pooceiem bhobb. Ho vb btotb pan 
oHii noTpe6oBaffB ho toxbko nepeHecou npasa Bn6opa sa JbQcib, 
vh BHxy Toro, ^TO ropo;cb aion npeBpaiaxca bi^ rjoio saceiemnt 
H tfoittTSft i^eBSpi ToproBiE H npovamieiHOOTi, so h pacnpoorpa- 
Heidfl H86KpaTexiHaro npasa na BofeB anneiet, HanxaDHQKrh. 
KBapTBpu qbHOD He HBxe 5 $. er. Ho npHHan Tasoe speAioaMSie 
<Sizjio Kpatae oinaiHO joul Moryii^eoTBa seiueBxaK^^^cKaro uaoea. 
dio raamo paospmB aaerexB mHpoKji) xsepB HOBim Tpe($0Ba- 
sum padnHpeidfl h pacnpocTpasoHifl m6upmejKasro irpaBa, ym- 
"vtosstB BowosBKOflVB nootaBBCB xaRol xhOo npexIbrB amrb f[>e6o- 
BaHlfln. Ceroffu Jbxei, a aasTpa Man^eoiepi norpetfyen npasi, 
Htio owh BXBoe vaoexenAe h 6ome Jboea, a nooxImuBTpa Bap- 
uimr^ WTopizt xoxe (Sora^e Jbxoa h t. a* Ci xpyrot oropom, 
AonyOTBift X!B BaCopm 5-$yiT0BBrB ■86ffpamiet — sxann, roBc^m 
KasHBHTB, XPBeoTH flo 8 T. ^00X0 BHtSopmnoBib JDij^ca, xoaqiy rtir& 
KavB vb (Soxto HacexanoirB JbBepByift Bcero nriteTW touio 

4 T« KidopmBBOBl. AaBBTB XBFOfy JbrXCy paBXOOiXBHD iq^- 

sHatis 3a Bofan ApynwH ropoxaiiH npaBa Ha Tasy» se 
nrory. O^BBixto, ^rro xu fioxBmHHerBa npewio«aHia Pocoeu saaa- 
ncB Bce 609 ovoxb ase onacmuH, xan b HpoesTB BepAona i pa- 
XHsai(^B%*). HoHeBioxHoft lojoso HAiart h ne oshhhi PocoejmiB 
Bonpom pe^pHft flsn bhobb B0B6yxxeHB. B% orpasft anmodH 
vh noxBsy pe^pHH, ho cnorpH na «iiieocb aRsevB>,, eraxa yesxH- 
BaTBOH BHOBB. TasoTa BoMena paexoxflzaoB HoapesneMy h nHtaxacB 
Ha paoxBttTB H ropox^AEHMH pafiomm, h xaHBe cexBcunm acHTexHicH, 
B ^[lepKepaiiH, a vh opraRasB bhtobi h <8xHHtfyprcB0Hi 06o8pteiH», 
pyKOBoxHHOHi CHXHeem Chhiovb, ^se^pH h xPm THKBse, Kars h 
Bi rasenoS npeocft, Boopoci^ o pe^opHt craBHxoH Bee pimHtexBKbe h 
ptBHe. Ki 1821 r. xmsenie eraxo noxywB HaeeoBot xapaxtepi. 
IIpexxosraiH PoeoexHMaxo yxraxoTBopaxH otfn^ecTBO, nfioxie nnpoHlH 
H papsaxBHHH Tpe(SoBaaifl oiaxH BHCKasiiBarBOH laKHHH x^bnexHU, 
xoTopHO 5 — 6 Avb Hasaxi ne pnosoBaxH nofprntmb BOnpoca o pe- 

^pHt. HaWXHOB BHOBB HHTHHTH H HOXH^ neTH]^, H 17 anptXH 

1821 r. vh BaxHTy nseeMTB Gsm JlaifChrafHoirB a/kxsA r Hoxpodno 
BsqmfioTaHHiit npoesTB pe^pni, sna^HTexBHo npHftiHswmiftca «h 
iipoeKTaH<B paxHxaxBHot iiapTlH: ipexxfanift sapiaHerarB, orntea 
npavB rHHXHx^ HiereTOSB, .paax^^Hio rpa^^oTBib va Hsdnpa- 
TOXBKBB OKpyni CI 25 T< o6HBaiexet vh xaxxoiTB m oi» 
iq^aBOVB HstepaTB no oxHony npexcraBHmnD, pacnpocrpaHOHie hsSh- 
patexBHaro npana bi ropoxax-L na wbrb nxaTOXBimcBOBi aoxaxei, 
xaaee h caMia^ hoxxhtb eo6cTBeHHHBOFb, a bi oexaxi — ^na Boirs 
KonHroxBxepoBiH^pHepoBi, CHHHaioo^HrB sexxD na opoBfB ho noHte 



*) Hanwrd, Series, I, 89, 237 h ex.; Annul Reg. 1820, 98, 94. 



BOPBBA 3A H3BHPATBJUH7I) P£«0PM7. 47 

10 Jrtn. npoemrb 6iurB exBmjsoirb pi^naieirB jpm oaiaTBt, s 
nosmi Hom>, BOonoJOBOBaMncB BpeiieHHini^ oroyrctBieirb JlaiftiTosa 

■ ero fpfoet, on OTBepm npoeKrb pe^pxH 55 roaocaiiH npomnb 
43 *). Aa H xas*B xorxa oina opsmnB ero, sorjia HtoBoiBKO AHefl 
noaxe, bi Mai, (Soito yiiftpenHt Homft npoe^ Poeeeis— OTHHTb 
■atisparejoBoe opaBo 7 Bcix'b MicTeneifB, xsBtorsHrb esoett noAsys* 
Homido, H nepe&ecn 910 npaso va ropoAa^Horepnftn Ty ace yqaerB 

■ npOBaniofl (huDUOHHCTBoirb 269 nporavb 164 ^). Ho b'b btoti 
pan paaxpaseife samnniBOBi pe^opMH nporsBi yoopoinia oapxa- 
jieRa xoemno ouxhwurh pasxipoBii, k 4 mui 1821 r. on yorposn 
TOpflBeeiMiiHiit pe^pnmrindft 6aHX0rB au nporocxa npoTKBi xift- 
eiriA napuHena^ H^hdaneri npioproTBOBaia laoFonoienisfl ny6- 
nsa, ■ VI6HH napiavena, BeneT]^ JlaMfiroH'B, JennnnTOffa m Ap. 
npoHBueen pOjirfc nq^toxi sajnoraTejuoink p&«et, 'Rnraaol* ae 
noDmiisxcfi vb rasevarB h 01 mBmrB mrepecoirB spooraBiuzi 
B» AHVJria^ cIIapiairaKracas pe^^qpiia,— roBopurb Mnnaarowh^ cansft 
Basntf , eaHHt auraoTpeoenqmll sonpooi bi EaniB Bpemi. Eon osa 
Be oeyiRMiBBToa^ hi oxaa iiApa Ba noAsy sapoAa laxae ae tjffiTb 
oeymeeisxma} eeiH oaa yAscroc, Bot eamui panyxnoi mgfimm, 
aoTopHs mraen oipaaa^ HC]R>uffTGH| x npea^^ Boero HOBOjamTca 
nasBiiiiiee h moriSoiie i^iunioe BBMatfe-^nonaoBaTbos cBo6oAott 
tmuM H (U[0Ba». dra pina naaua caxumt otxim FBerpart ***). 
Bh 1822 roxf nqiiaveHTb yxe 6im 6jEMMm9 saciiiiarB nef si^iiiEH 
oniiaecH lopOKpaax orBAeBonrpa^tBrBi B'b 1823 — ofja lopEioqn^tt 
BpeBpoBOKazBT' neTBqbD bs 380 ^yroaibxnaRAi noBpsryi) 17 t. soa- 
meet, T. e. npanunyn 6ojrie ^iitb V3 Be&n ^pHronA^poBi* lops- 
BDqpa; vh 1824 h nooiiAyniqie roffa nerHi^ ho ropeeraBan poem h 
jwBBonrhM***^) . Grpaaa BiiEasHBaia Bee 6oiLoiee h fioxBxnee sereptii- 
Hiey vaeiaiBaia Bee exqinnHfte 2 eupmvbe sa pe^piily Honaiam, 
cKromia vh KPjtEL'h oftBomemaxb Kb pe$cq[aiairb, Bib BOBpocft o&b 
HstepaieiBBiHrb npaBi oeiaBaiieb rxyzs kb vapoAKHv^ Tpefioea- 
xlflSB. HanpacHO PoeeeiB, cflilxaBinift mfi m$x% Birepejitiby B'b 
cmoii terte nnpoKot oooraHOBUi BMpoea pe^M^iiy mnaxea npo- 
Been oboh i^oexis. Boft ycHJuai ero paeteBamB o&h eroftKyi) sa- 
BpRy raanaro oioifia apxeroEpaianeeKaio anriiloKaro pennca. Rb 
1822 r. Ba offiot mn oaMHX'b taeenBoacs h upeBoexoAHO oSeraB- 
xeHHiiXb pft^eft osL ootpetfoBan^ yBejEsviiB neio npeAoraeineieft^— 
or& rpuj^oTBi Ha 60, a on ropoxoB^ Ha 40. Crpana, roBopxn ohi, 
pteio HBiriwHjnwb, npoAOJoraen 6Heipo hsitIhhtboh^ HHrepeob si 

oiraBii opoAH HapoAEot xaooB Bospooraerrb, npecca, npeAcraBJieH- 
tf Kb 1782 r; boofo 79 raseiaiai, xopoeia ^o 284,--oaxh'b nap- 



^ Hansard, V, 359 h ck. A. Beg.; 182L 44. 
^ lb., 624; Ann, Reg., 1821, 44-6. 
*♦*) Ann. Reg,, 1821,43. 
♦••♦) A. Reg. 1822, 1823. 1824 h hocji. rr. 



48 PTGCKOS BOrAlCXBO. 

jiiMMTB ooraeroii HeisxftHHMitb. H aro — Kor^a jkhokhioob neexeme, 
eipaoaio pasBuaeb Toprosa h opommueEHOOTb, pacnpoorpaimiooB 
npooBimesie. HecooTBftTOTBie uexfj napiaxeHXOjrb e Hapoxnon xe- 
JAHUDIH H sfXAuoi, vesxj rtiTBy jBenoBaeTci Bce 6arte h 6o- 
idto, H Boft xpyindttiidfl x^ piinixncM eoxunucTBojrb npexoxar 
Bireiet rpa^^cTBi, sexn, aeiueffkiia, ho h6 ropoAOKoro Haceie- 
idii. IlaxaTa Buoiymai^ apryneiTEi Poooexa h 269 nporiBX 164 
ocBoprxa ero npexJioxoHie. PIhb KaHHBHra, npoHSseoeHHaa xitb cb 
oBoteneHHmrB exy louojrb h KpaoEopivieiflb, ero npoiecn npotssi 
pe^pnH pinnuH y^amb 6wum. tSL orpntaDi Bocunssyrb oicb, 
oyn^eoTBOBaHie KaKHX'B 6h to hh fiuio oyntecTBefiHim HexocTaTJSoifb 
Bib coBpeMeBHOicB orpoi naiam, Koropiie BTjauBani 6u seo6xoAB- 
EDGiB npoiBBOXBTB CTOXL ony^flDUo BKcnepHMeHTEi, xasB pe^pu. rflH- 
jDui KiunevHi sa Koropiu lenepB yKaaHBanTi naiu^aia, — xi^u 
Ham BBxaDmnxoi jijisneMBtL MHoria srb hhxb h xenepB HaiOffHtrai 

KB BlffftKiH nOTOlOLOBl T&XB CaMUXB JIIl^ XOTOpKH AepsaXB SCB 
BO BpeiUt pOBOJUDI^B, H BOTB, HO ClIOTpfl Ha Old SanUD^ pOBOIDIQH 

ooBepmHiaoB. Ho ^xo h roBopn: ho cMorpa hb Old Sammi sfcn! 
exopie fiiaroxapfl Old Samm'y h xp- noxo6HiurB HiorevairB, h eeu 
<iii HaiBTB wb BTO BpoMH 6Hxa pe^pMxpoBaHHOD naiaxoil, Oiaroxbi- 
Hia peBOJDOi^H HHKorxa ho 6iUH 6h nojrr^eHH» *). 

Au (k>XBiiuaiOTBa uamatei KpacHopi^HBEur, ho oia6o apryHeHiH- 
poBaHmu oxoBa KaHHHHra HMin bcd ohij yfiftxHTejnusoeix, ho ho 
HMtn ea ohh hh bb rjuusax'B erpaHU, hh rb paxarB onnosHipH. 
Bb 1823 r., KBEi HH BHxtn, h oenoKoe naoexeHie, ^pnepH, xaBi 
H seKxeBiaxiiBipi, orau rpoKEO Tpe6oBaTB pe^opHU, pe^opuEi pa- 
XHsaiBHot, OTvaoiH BB cxBit Ko66eTTa, h totb se PoooeiB, BOioparo 
KaHHHHTB saKJOHajTB BB 1822 r. HO sarparHBaiB 6oiie Bonpoca, 
OHHTB oxasaxoa ob hotheho tfpHraHcsoft Haoroft^HBooiBD na 6oeBOHB 
Kkri OB HOBHHB npoeETOMB BB pjsaxB. naiaTa bhobb oTBoprxa ero 
(ShuB| ho ho ocTBHOBHia 8HepriH Pocoaifl. Bb 1826 r. ohb x 
Apu6aflBXB raMHXBTOHB, eme panle ero na^aBHiift noxoxB bb noJOr 
sy pe^opHH moTxaHXCKHXB Hiore^exB, xepsan naiary bb ocaxBoxB 
HOXOseniH, saTbuB exeroxHo bhochxe npoexiii, eseroxHo npoBauBar 

JUCB, HO BHOBB BHCTynaU XpUHH SBIIlHTHHXaMH OOSXaHHHX'B HHH 

apoexTOFB pe^pHU, Borpi^ax Hoxxopxxy xxhib bb paxaxi betobb 
BB naiBTb H Boe GoxBmyi) h 6oiBmyx> bi crpaHi. 

Meiq(y t^hb cofiuriH huh cbohhb ^epexoHB h oosxaBan pHXi» 
xepexiHB, oxaBaBmxrB ne xaioe BiixHie na SyxymHOctB pe^pxH. 
Bb 1827 roxy oomeiB co enessi caxiift BHeprHuiift, TajounnHBiifi 
danpTTHHX'B napiaHexTCBaro orpoa, KaHHHHTB. B^b 1828 r. set XPT^^^ 
KaHHHHra, saHHManiie xBHEcrepcxifl xicra, Hpx hobokb npexBepli 

yaJUHHTTOHi, BUmXH H3B COCTaBX HHHHOTepCTBa H OTaiH Bl pXXU 

bhtobb, BopB6a sa pe^opxy noiy^uua npH laxxxB ycxoBixxB en^e 



*) Cm. o6i p^vH Bl Ann. Reg. 1822, 68—80. Hansard, Yn,51, 136 h cs. 



BOPKBA 8A HBBHFATBlBHyX) VBi90VK7. 49 

6ojAe pisKift xapasreiKb. HoBoe MHHHorepoTBO 6iuo HOKiDiHteiBHo 

IDDDieiepOTBOlCb TOpH, H eOTOOTBeHHO, ^TO oimo8Hipfl pe^pHaTOSHirb 

npoecrairL offiiaiaoB (k>xie ropaqeft, pimneiBHoA h HeyoryiraHBoft. 
Eeu iipea^(6 Poooejoo yxaiocB flfl6wthM Toro, ^ro naiaia mmua 
aftBOiopHfl KiorevH soiSHpaTejiBHaro npasa i nepeaeoia ero Ha 
rpa^^o lopx'Bi TO tenepB TpefiOBasie ero — ojiKinxB toss so otao- 
BBBHiD Kii HeHpiniy h East-Betford, tjiH soaktitl npoBaomen cbo- 
na pasMtpaxH noxKynH Gramponnd'a h xp.^ botp&teio noJodAniift 
omopi. Tj se ywoTB HCHHrax'b h 6hju& Poooeia, BHeooHHuft hki 
vb 1830 r., 6hju&, xoTopmrB npasa Bu6opa pacnpocrpaHUHCB 
MM JLnn, Maneoiepi h Bipiounreicb. YnopoiBo najian, u 
wh 00066HH00TH naiam lopAOBi, 6iuo TaRX boihso, ^to jiflxd npo- 
etThj BEOoeHHiifl Bib 1829 r. oAHHKb hbx Topi, lopAOHi BiaHA^l^op- 
matbt HO Hamen noimwu. dxancHnaipfl KaxoxHROBi 6iua toxbko 
«o spHUTai H onaoesie, ^o Boi iticreqsH 6yA7TB OKynieHii uto- 
xxEan H ^TO npoTecraHTU OKaxTTCii BinicHeHHiaii hbi napjiaMOHia, 
xo nucott crenen OBjawbio HftsoropHxi to)>h, ^io on pimuH nofera 
■a qiaftHDn iiipy— norpefioBaTB pi^AHKaxBHot pe^pKH. BiaHA^opxB 
oniea ToixoBaTeieicB bthx'b onaoe^ h noTpe6oBarb jHnqTOseHifl 
■86HpaieiLHiirL npaBL xioreTOK'b, €xaB% oary6Hia;% h bpoahhtl 
xn eaiounb xoporHxi nrepecoBi oTpaioi^. He OMorps Ha BHepiH* 
veoKji) noufijmsj co ciopoHH O'KoHHeifl, 6HJurB BjiaHx^opxa 
npoBamofi. Ho bto ho ooiaHOBHio ero, h B:b 1830 r., — ho^th 
MTh oxHo Bpew n (yKoHHOJiexi, noTpe6oBaBniHirb Bceo6nteft noftan 
roioooB!B, TpexifiTHHro napuHeHTa h TaiHOft 6auOTHpoBU, oi» Poc- 
eeiBirB, BHeonnnrb CBoe orapoe Tpe6oBaHie o A&poBaniH ropo^aHi hb- 
fiHpaveiBHaro npaBa, — BuHA^opj^ BUCTjnHjrb oi hobhmi npoeK- 
Ton — ^BepHyrb napoxy npHHaAJ^esan^ee exy xioro vb napiaxeHri h 
ymuiOBHTB Ha Gjjijmfie Bpena onpex&ieHHyi) waaj npeAoraBHieurb 
8a BpoKH BaciAamS naiaTS *). 

Biuo OTOB^XEo, ^rro Hxefl o pe^opMi nycTHxa rjiytiosie xopHH, 
iq^pfipiuia rpoxaffHoe BJoaHie na ynH, eon sacraBEn A^se oahofo 
Moh npaBOBipmiTb Topn Tpe6oBaTB TaKOft ?hoto xoHOKpaTH^eosot 
■%H, Kasi luaTa xenyiaTaM^. 

UpoeKTii pe^opHH, npeAXosBHHHe Tpena ueHavH naiaTu, 6fin, 
paByxheTCH, OTBepiHyni, ho oTBeprHyrii ^yrs He HasaHyRi oo6fiTift, 
epasy xe h caMmrB ewn>BUM% oGpasoMib noBAiaBmaxL na HoxoffB 
dopiGa. 

26 iDM 1830 r. ynepi Teoprb IV, h oi BcryraemeMi Ha xpoKE 
Baro Kopon, BHiBrejiBHa lY, conaoHO KOETHiyipH, napiaxoHn 
)Mmevh 6HXb 6mb paonyii^eHi h nasHa^eHH hobho Bu6opu. Pacny- 
PHie napiaMOHTa 6uko nosnBcaHo 23 iK>u, h yse 24 Idjui era- 
■it napiraMeHTB, H36paHHiift bi 1826 r., 6oJiie ne oyn^ecTBOBajL. 
m AHfl caycTfl, 27 Idm, lOHXOHCKOxy HaceJieEiK) oAixaiooB nsBi- 



♦) Hansard, XXI, 1688, XXIT, 178. 

M 4, (hxin T. 



50 rrCGKOB BOFATOTBO. 

cTjann, ^rro bo ^aiiQiH la^aiacB poBOJooipHi sairtirb n nopasH* 
Tex&HOt (SaoTpoT6ft paBHeoiaoB Bierb o TopsecTBi oroft peBomiviB, 
a sbOEoiBxo no8S6 noxy^moioB cBixinifl, vro b% Bpnooert Benux- 
Hjxo peBonoiiioHHoe jpamBtie. AHEaoTui Byp6oHOBi nepeosaxa iptp- 
OTBOBaTB BO ^aHipH, ooexiHOHie BejKBriH c^ rojutaHxielt 6iuo ysn- 

TOXOHO, « 9T0 Bl TO BpeXB, KOFXa BO TJiaBt aHriiSOEaTO M£HHCTepOTBa 

GTOflb YBuanovh, Koropovy ({ojrbe, ^xi komj HH6yx& Apyrovy, 
npna/tiesaia HHHiqaTna h BOsctaHOBieHiii 57p6oHOB%, h ooeAHKO- 
xiii BeJiBfii H rojuaHxiH vb OffHO i^oe. 

rpouaxHO 6mo BnewTJiiiie, npoEBBOAeHHoe Ha Auriii) iDJiBOKHini 
AHflxi. He OAHE pMHKaiH, HO OAHo pa6oTOe HacoJieHie npHxoAUo 
vb BOCToprB orB Toro, ^TOTBopaiooBHa EOHTHHOHTb. Opnum BHrOBl, 
48XHH67prcRoe 0(k)3piHie», cExaminer*, iH6epajiB£Hfl rasem, Bpo^ 

<Ti]Iies» H AP-9 H6 HaXOAHH OIOBI, ?T06h BHpaSHTB OBOe OO^JBCTBie 

^paHj^ysaiTB, TrotiH <A0OToflHmrB o6pa8oin»» npocjiaBiTB iniBCKoe 
ABHxeHie. HaoTOamee najiOHHH^eoTBo Ea^ttiocB bi AhfiUi. E^tnia 
Toxnu aHTJonaffB oTnpaBifluoB vb napHsi h En Ea^e 6yjiBBapoBi> 
anmoAHpoBaiH HapoxHoS Maocft^ san pyKy Jla^ery h kphwh bh- 
Bara TO iDJOcBHirB staTeawb^ to repi^ory OpieaHOBOny, BHBHBan 
ero la GaiKOVB Ilajie-Poflfljui h saeraBJuui ero roBopHTB pbva. <What 
glorious beings the French are>, BHcan lop^B A^pxeMi Bpyiiyt h 
^paaa 8Ta nepexoxnxa lai yen vb ycra. dHTysiasn, OBJii^BBiift 
yMaMH, 6inrB noJiHuS, s ohi aoothtb cBoero anorea xaiTB pas^ b'b Ty 
MHsyry, Eor^a rjiyOoEaa Btpa vb onaeeEie AetiIe otb ssosonEveo- 
Eflxi 6iAeTBift E EeypflXfl^i» noMomBH) pe^pvH napiaMexra npoHHX- 
jia Vb oaioie riyxie yrojocE CTpasa, sor^a wb Toxe BpeME epebeoi 
8K0EOMEqeoKift CO BoiMfl CBOEKH TflsexHHH nooAixoTBlEMfl ffaBasi cete 
qyBOTBOBaffB vb ropoxaxi e Vb ceJiax'B. Beaeeoo cnosottcTBie oMiEEXp 
RpESEou Vb AHrxiE. BpexeEEoft nepepsiB^ 1818 r. 6ux'b Eapyniefli 
Vb 1819 r., BpeMOEEoe e beaemoo yonoxoeEie 1824 r. ycTynExo irb- 
CTO emjd 6ojAe TEacejioMy e ocrpoMy sxoEOEE^ecKOiiy xpESEcy 1825— 
26 rr., nooAtAOTBifl xoToparo csasuBaxHOB bo Beeft OEJii jip bos- 
i^a ABaAi^aTfiiX'B toaob'b. UoJioseEie pa6o^ro sxaoca yxyxmExocB 
B'B cEiBEott cxeneEE cpaBEETeiBEo CB EeAaBHEiTB npomxBiM'B. Pafioiaa 
luaTa naxaxa Bce SEse e seso. C^poo^ xa pa(Sowi pyss sceeshice 
E npoAOjrxajL'B nosBxaTBOE. TaE-B, r^t en^e vb Ha^axtXIXs.pafio^ 
MorB 3apa6oTaTB 26 mEu. b'b esa^h), TenepB ovb exsa MorB AOOTaTB 
pa6oTy no 1 nescy sa ^acB Bb JlaExanxEpi bb 1830 e ex. roxaxi 
AO 41 TUG. pa6oqEX'B BUEyxcAOEH 6kxe cyn^ecTBOBaTB nps AByx^-^eH- 
coBoS paCo^eft nxarb vb aoeb. En^e xyse 6£ixo noxoaoEie shrb vb 
cejiaxi. ycExoESHE oropasEsaEiE, pociyn^ee o6e83eMejreHie, nepexoAii 
K% HamflEaui npE oCpaBoTxi npoAyxTOB'B seiiXE, kpeseob 1823 r., 
Boe 9T0 oxasajio cBoe A'^AoTBie e cosAaio vb epeji^ coxbckhxi pa6o- 
mai> yse bikoei^I ABaAnaTHX'B toaobb ABflsoHie, ropasAo GoxiecEXB- 
Eoe, ^H'B TO, KOTopoe nopoxAOHo 621X0 HeypoxaeHi 1816 r. BoxEOEiE, 
noAXOFE, y6i8oTBa BoapocxE B'B cexBOSEX'B oxpyrax'B AefxIe ao HeBEAaE- 



I 



BOPLBA 8A HdBBPATBlbBtK) FB«0PM7. 51 

muxri> pasiiipoBi. lOrb AawH (w&iaiofl apoEoft lyxb ne os^HeaHHX'b 
BoaMyn^eiijtft. 06paaQpaiiOB q&aui xoxipi, AifioTBo^aBmifl coBuficTHo 
H paapymaBSiiA oeiMKO-xooflftoiEBesHiia, xamHBH, wh jLoxopurL ohk 
jcMaspHBaiH sprany 6j^j(oisift. yrpo«ai>miji OHouia, TpefioBanifl 
noBunieaifl pabo^eS uMarm h jcrpaHesifl MamHSB nvh jnorpefijieHifl 
Bi xodflftoTBi pasoHxanoB xacoaMH vb ^^iiepairb h doueBiaA'&D^ 
itaiii, H j(TO oTsasHBaxi, ion noxBepraiea HweAseBBOMy oTMmBBiD. 
Hyxb He KasATD ho^ BHXHiiocB sapeBO nosapa: roprbm $epvH, oa- 
paa Aifl HaouiKB *). Bi* uapri 1829 r. ABHseiie jif> TOro yoHUJiooB, 
9T0 MBHBorepoTBo o6paTHjiocB K'B naiaxaiTB o'B !^pe6oBaHieMi yrsep- 
AHTB 6hjub, HanpaBieHHHtt nporiiBi aocoii;iai0tt h MaTesefi. Bhjub Maio 
noMorb A&iy, h bi 1830 r. Boraeiiia npoAoisanoB n npasHei 
4>woft. To, qro HMixo jfioTo b'b ahh fioxie oiaCHxi cpaBHExeiB- 
HO KpHBHCOBi 1817, 1819, 1823 rr., boboChobbulogb bhobb: pe- 
^pHa, pe^opMa bo ^rro fiu to hb oraio, botb ^to o^ixaiooB jKOsyH- 
roiTB, HO Bi» 8T0TB pa8i yso He TOiBKO FopoACEoS pa6o^t Haocu 
HO H ceiBeBottvKaR'B OAixaiooB OHO ao nojETH^eouirB no6ysAdHifltti 
H JiodynrovB radepaji^Hofi ^cth aHrjdftoaaro o6ii(eoTBa h bhfob'b **). 
IIpH Tauzi ycjiOBiflX'B npoHoxoAHU BiifiopH wb HOButt oapju- 

HOHTB, SOTOpHtt — BX 8T0HX He COMHteaXHOB Bl AnrJUH, — }Sf>ZXeWb 6ilX% 

BUABHHyTB la nepBuft niasB Bonpoci» o pe^opiii. JlstSepaiBHue san- 
j(HAaTEi noiywiH Bepxi na BHfopan b^ Hop^KOBBi, J!(6B0BmHpi, 
HoTTHflTiii'b, MHAAiBoeRci H lopKHiEpi, Tjs/k npeo6iaj(aAa KOHoepaa- 
THBBafl naprifl; SHa^HTeiBsaa ^aoTB MEHHcrepomm za,Em9fiMVb no- 
Tepniia noJULoe $iaxK0, h hhehgtopotbo norepoxo ao 50 roxoo(»'B bi 
HOBOi naxaTb. H KpaflBieiopn, pasApaseaHiie dHUDeMB ydjUHHrroHa 
o6b BHani^HaaiUH KaioxHBOB'L, h xHCepaxH, HeroAOBaBmie Ha Hero sa 
«ro HHOorpaHHyx) noaHTHKy, noxHTBKy, npeAOTaBxaBmyio hbeoo oxcry- 
Hxenie otb npHHitHHOB'B KaHnara h BOBBpanteHie ki noxHTHBi KdorxBpH, 
pafioraxH na Bfi[6opaxi npoiHS'B yaxxHHrroHa. H oh'b, h ero xhhh- 
crepoTBo A'i^xHCB Bce neHie h Hefffce nonyupHiiMH bi naaaxi 
oOnteexBa, He npo^aBinaro yaiuHrroHy ero oHHnatift ai Typaauii bo 
Bpexfl rpe^eosaro BOBoraHia h saaoAOBpHsmaro ero bb ooDSi n co- 

y^aCTlH 01b lIOJlHHBflKOHB. IIOUHBaR'B HOqeai BO $paH^iH, HOSHO IH 

6nxo TepnixB vh AnrxiH Apyroro noxHHBaKa, ero Konix) vb xhi^I yaxxHHr- 
TOHa, Boi'b qro BuoaasuBaxH xadepaxH h bo ^to atpaxa h nyfixaaat 
He oHorpfl Ha npoTecTB ydxxHHrroHa, Ha ero BaBlpeHia, ^to ohi ho 

HWbX'B HHKaKHX'B CHOmOHi^ Cl» noXHHBHROHl HO aW O&b OpAOHHaH- 

eax'B. SaflBxenifl ^paaiiyBCEOft npeocu, ^to IIoxHHBflRy yAaxooB ooora- 

BBTB MBHHOrepOTBO H Ha^aiB HOXOii'B HpOTHB'b XapTlH XHIBB fixaro- 

Aapa yBipeHHocTH, ^to ydxxHHrroHi oaaserB eay noxHyx) noAA^pauiy, 
HaxoAHxa, noBTOHy, noxHyx) sipy bb AarxiH. 



*) Cm. Ann. Reg. 1829 h 1830, occur, n 1830, 1-oft. cxp. 130. 

BiUfH Hansard 'a New series t. X— XII, Ann. Reg. 1830 h cji. roAOBi*-, BTopmrB 
TOHOHi Srevile, Diary, h ap* 

4* 



F: \ 52 PyCGKOB BOFATCTBO. 






^'- OrBpiiTifl napiaxeHTa OMMjifiow. vh bhxj Boero eroro n Beraqat- 

mEicB HerepntHieiTb: napjiaxefl[Toide hoihthki ubi spaftHeft napriH 
TopH, Tasi H BHTOBi, HTodH nooBopio noBOH^HTB 01 HononyjiflpHHirB 
■ HeHaBHOTHHK^ MHHicTepcTBoiTb; ipoxaAHoe 6ouiiriHGTBO Haoeie- 

11"^ 'V Hifli nTQ6u jBMjsjbibf HasoHOi^, ocyn^eoTBieHie cBoett xeiru— pe^^op- 
MH napiaMeHia. TenepB nb tfocbinHHOTBO HyBOiBOBajio oefia npo^aie 
H OHiBflie noffFOTOBieHHiDrB El OopB6i sa pe^opxy, ^wh B'b 1817 
. H 1819 rr. Crpana noBpiuaob pa6o«ME ooDsaini, BBA^mexbma. 
qacTb EOTopHrB oraia Ha cTopoHy reopin o Heo6xoAHHOOTH Ao6HTbQa 
npes^e h piiHBme Bcero nojraTH^eoKBX'b iipaBi, nonmeoKaro BJriiiHifl 
H BJiaoTH H oriAOBaxa nporpamiairB Ko666TTa, renra h ^p. Atareiet pa- 
AnaiBHott napiii. Bi 4^Bpaii 1830 r. bobhvri 6ueTpo pasBiBmit- 
oa coDBi, opransoBaHHiit HHTemreKiitieS h npoMinnxeHHHXH aAa- 
lexaMH B'L BHpMiHraiii cb utijm) nposeoTH pe^opvy. He6oiLinoft 
Epyxon XBU'hy co6paBniixofl vh BBpMHErBxi a^b o6oj7gj[fimR Bonpooa 

luaTeanm SBOHBoft xoHeroS, 6hgtpo npeBpaiHiofl bi BBpHBHrex- 
cEyn HaipoBaiBHyi) ysii), oxBaraBmyx) hottb bob) AbtiIb) b noxo6Ho 
BaTOjra^eoKoft aoooi0aii;iB, fo^tb Hasaffi npaaj^HOBa^met no&kjsj, o6ia- 
xaBmyB) yxe BpynHmiH opoAOTBaicE b rpoMaAHHirB BiiflHieirb. no- 
xoiTb nponm orapHTB B86BpaTeibHHXi nopoAKOBi 6im Ha^arB 
ysiet TOT^aoi se nooxi BOSBBBHOBeBifl, h yxe xo uoma 1830 r., djia- 
roAapB dHe|»iB ArrByAa, o^^&iaBniaroofl npeAoiABTOJieirB yaiH, abbso- 

Hie MBTBBrOBl 01 HOBOft OBlOft BOOBpeOIO Wb AeTJDU. til OSHaBOMBJlOB 

vb BBpMBHreirt, roBopan reoBBoooHi bi naiart emfi vb ^OBpail, 

01 aoooi^ai^eft, BOTopaa, HacBoiBBo b MorB ysHBTB ea oooTasi, npas- 
iQiiiH B o6pa8i x^^iloTBit, o^pMBpoBaaa ooBepmeBXC no oOpasi^y EaTOiB- 
leoxoft aoooipaqlB... BHien n^kshv) B086yABTB bi orpaai Boeo6n^ee Tpe- 
6oBaHie wb noxBsy pe^^opiiu b npoBOOTB ee boIbb bobkosbbebb xi- 
paxB>. To 6HJI0 npeAynpesAOBie caxaro oepBesBaro oBOtoTBa, ho na- 
laTB HO noBBia ero b Tor^acii se oTBepria Aaace yxipexBoe npoAito- 
xoBie PoooeiB xao^en xiore^ca East-Betford. 

2 B0fl6pfl napjiaxeBTOBifl saoixc^BiB 6uib OTBpiinii, b nepsafl pi?B, 
npoBBBeoeBHafl vb naiart lopAOBi, 6iua pl^B Tpea bi noiBsy pe- 

^PXU. «BeI BHAHTO, BOOKIHKByXB OBI HOOlt TOFO, Easi Vb o6n(Hxi 

qepTaxi HapHOOBajTB noxoseHie KOBTBHeHra, ^to ohbobootb BospyrB 
Baoi. Ha ropBBOBTi— rposa, npBdxBBcaeroB 6ypfl. fle xoaibto se yKpl- 
HJUiTB BamB Aoxa, Tn^aTSXBBo saoHpaTB oehb h abbph. CAtiaiB bto 
Bu xosere bbhib o6e8neuBinB sa oo6oft OBxaaiiB BamBxi oooi^^e- 
OTBeflHBKOBi B, — B pimaDOB npoHSBeoTB 8T0 OJIOBO— pe^opxBpyfl nap- 
laBBHTB^. CipaoTHoe seianie ooieHi tjuob^b anriBqaBi 6uio yAo- 
BieTBopeHo: osBAaeuaB ob scTepniBieB'B Boftna orapoxy nopaAKy Gujia 
odBBBAena ycTaxH oahofo hsi BHAaion^BxoB apBorospaTOBi AHnifl, 
fisiBinaro 3antHTBBKa pe^opxu bii AOBaHocT&iX'B roAaxi XYIU b. He 
OTBt^aTB na piu Tpea npn laKBXi o6oToaTeJiBCTBaxi> 6wiO hoxucjibho, 
B npeMBep'B XHEHCiepcTBa noAHajioa, ^toGu BupasHTB obob qyscTBa 
H ^BCTBa fiojiBDiBHCTBa nopoBx HO OTHomoHii) E'B po^pxi. ?T0 ^yBOTBa 



BOPBRA 3A HdBHPAtBJDbHTE) PB«0PH7. 5 3 

OTH 61ZIH orpHi^aTeiBHiiiai, — 6sao HBBierHO, ho YexuHrTOE'L apH- 
^an BHpaseHin sn TaKott xapaEiepi, BOTopuft jspuwdwh dimnpo- 
sBBeoib BBpHBi HeroAOBaHifl vh orpaHi. Ti pi^H, Ti oxoBa, botophh 
tfHiH npoHSHOcnoi Bi roAK, npeAmeoTBOBaBmie 1820 r., pasffuiHOB 
BHQBB, H VdJULWBTTowb saKOHun CBoft OTBiTb Fpen saiiBJieHieirB, ^TO 
sosa OFB saHHMaeTb Micro bi jnpaBieHiH, ero ofoBaHHOCTB npoTH- 
BOAtitcTBOBaTB M^paifB pe^opioi, eoiH owk 6jpjTb npoAioseHU. 

TpjAHO npeAoraBHTB ceM cEiy loro BHewTjAmji, Koropoe bth oio- 
aa, oioTB BH80BI, 6pomeHHHft crpasi, npoBSBeu bi to bpoma. ^axe 
naiaxa xopxoBi Ohu nopasesa, h monoTB HeoAo6pe£ifl h kphthkh 
noojonnaicfl Atuse co cBaiiet, r^i saoJ^AaiH cofioTBeHHiiKH h npeAora- 
BETem rflxjmLXi» nAcTe^eai. cBh oaHH, ooteTBeHHEDoi yeraui, npo- 
BOBriaoBiH naACHie Bamero MHHHorepoTBai, oraiTHJrb ojsjawb isi lop- 
XOBi, SI BOTopoMy oCpaiEXOfl sa pasxacsesieirB Y^MXBSxrovh, nopa- 

XeHHHi E HBJlUeHBIlfi BTHirb BIOIIOTOirb, KOTOparO OHTb He 7VffJL%^ 

TasB saKi Ghjtb Baoni yBipesB vb toitb, ^to BHpasaen naorpo- 
6Hie H ^jBOTpa GoxBinHHCTBa 8e]ueBJiaAixBi](eBi-j[opj(OBi. Ho b% ctpaHi 
BHe^aTJiiHie, npoHSBeAOHHoe cioBaus yeuHHrroHa, 6uio HeHSnipHMO 
fiojrte OHJiBHsurB h crpaoTHiiirB. Korxa fb 1817, 1818 h noei. roxa 
jfHHHorepoTBo KacTJiBpH H CHAHyra rpossio poBOJiDi^et, osaoHootB 
ea tnuLh na js/hA coBepmeHHO HHvoxHOft h ee pasAyBaxH. TenepB 
noiovoHie oxtiaiooB ehhmi... Bi Chth Ha ApyroS whb yrpdvib i^a- 
pua HaoTOan^as naaHxa — ^ohak nan n 84 Ha 80 h rposHXH a^xb- 
HiSHmmb naAOHieirb. IlaxM^a o6iqkkb paspaBHxaoB rpaAOVB nporeoroBi 
npoTHRB piu npoMBepa. cJIpeiCBepi o6'BflBHjrB, Kpn^aii oahhb hsi 
uoHOKB DaxaiH, no HapoA^ HO Hyaw^eTGfl bi pe$opiik.. Otb hhohh 
Hapoxa saHBjiflX), qro pe^opHa aia nysHa OMy, h orB ee noxyqHTB*. 
«HaiipaGHH 8TH oiofia repi^ora ydJUEHHiroHa, saoBJUUTB apFoSi— 
Haoraio BpenH, KOPAa ho on npHKasa ero fiyAen saBHciffB pe^opiiai. 
^aae Topn, wh aajk VvBrnMbSK^ bubjmkssel 6iuh npHooeAHHHTBOH 
ETB npoTecryioiiuiMi roAOoavB, pasAaBaBmHicca bi naxaii o6npni%, 
oxBa^eHHoft OTpamHuarB BoxHenieicB. <Ecxh, BOOXUBHyn yHH«iexBCH, 
repi^oFB pascraTHBaerB Ha noAAopsKy BHeosonoTreHHUxi (SxaropoA- 
HHTB uenoBi naxaxii, oi xoiopmiH ovb BcerAa npHBHSB A^ttoiBOBaTB 
Ba OAHOi TO fl Mory ystpHTB ero, no okb ci TasHirB se yciribLOM'B 
MOT% 6u pasouTEiBaTB H Ha 6ypD, n noxomBK) KOTopoft OHB nose- 
xajTB 6h oBiaA^TB He6e6aiiH». 

En^e xyxe 6iuo bhA cTiffB napiaiieHTa. Bae^aTiiHie, npoHSBe- 
AOHHoe saHBxeHieiTB yejuHHrroHa, qHTaein* hh vb AHOBHEffl Tpen- 

BHU, npeBOCXOAHTB BCe TO, HTO WaA npHXOAHXOCB BHAi^TB. <Si BOB- 
BpaXEIOH B'B JIOHAOHl BTOpa (7 H0fl6pH) H OJODOaJTB paSFOBOpH 

xHHiB HeooToposaocTH ropj^ora*. Bb loHAoni i^apBxo cHiBHoe bo^ 
6ya^A0Hie. 9 E0&6pBi jsfiJESBWb 6wcb GOoroflTBoa GaHseTB lopAa-napa, 
Ha KOTopufi SAaxH Kopoxa h hhhhctpob'b, ho nocxiAHie bi BHAy na- 
crpoeHiH HapoAHoft Maccu paciepflxnoB. H ohh, Kax'B h Bci wb JIoh- 
AOKb, SAaxH BspuBa, Chxh yBipeHH, ao cxoBaMX TOro xe rpeHBExa, 



54 PyOCSOS BOrATOTBO. 

"CTO «Ho^i) 6jAjTh cxiiass nomiTRH B086yAST& xfliesit, n norouj 
Bci HipH 61UH npiBHTH: co6paHH BfA BoScKft^ npflSBaaa xacca 
MaTpocoBi>, BOJioHTepoBi, youoHa HOBaa noni^A, ooBxaHiaii vb 1829 r» 
Uwevh H B086yxHBi]iafl yse Torxa oexbhos pasApaxesie bi iohaoh* 
csoMi HaceJieHiH. Boxbe Toro, Ha nooniaiHO ooaBaHHOirB ooBirt mh- 
HHorpoBii 6HJ10 npHBflTo H APT^oe ptmeme: orxosETb nooio^eHie Cots 
E onjfixBKOBaTB TOWb 3% rasoTazi. To fiaaio Maoioxi, noAAHTEiMS 
Bi oroHB. «MiHHOTepoTBO ooEmaDTb BCiiKaro poAa HacMimKaMv, 
HEinerB vo noBOAj cootin^Hift bi raaeraxi FpeBEjcb, vb jIohaoh^ Hao- 
caMH paonpooTpasjuoTCfl 0][iDiHuasappHsaTypH>, a ^sa ahu onycu, — 
cse^epoirb 10 same (SonHioro MEiesa, oo6paiE ente HOfiUff ce* 
jra, a yrpoiTB xacoii HapoAa hoebeiegb btb JIoHAOEi, h Boi yst^ 
peEH BTb npofleroflniEX'bBoneEiflxi*. OfiiABjieEie o Henocrbn^eHiE Ghjio 
E3AaH0 Bi oy66oTy, bi BOOBpeoesLe JIoeaohi npeAcraBJom a^beo 
EeBEAasEoe spiiEE^e. C'b yrpa ynipi HanoJiEEXEOB s HasoAEeEa 
6uiE TOJUtoDf Boe 6oiie e 6oiie yBeiE^EBaBmeScE. ryorufl toioh 
oTOHifl BospyrB BAaHifl napiaMeETa, Kyxa oo6pajtaeB nacca ^Aemovb, 
rpoEEO BspaacaBBiEZ'B neoAOfipeHie e nopEi^aHie XEHflOTopcTBy, e bs 
Tojmt oA&iajiooB 6ucTpo ESBioiEum to, qro saEBieEO 61110 ouAdp- 
MeEOM'B yatTMaHoirB: mehegtph, ooo6nQU% owb cotfpaBEiEMCfl uesairB 
najiaTK, ni>iy«isjm anosEXEHE coo6e^6e]e KaKoirB to saroBopt, e 
orau AMoTBOBaTB o'b TasoS nocniniEOOTBi), tto osaqaia nociaiE sa- 
flBAOEie odrb oTsasi on nooin^eHiE, a BatfbM'B, toibko cyiKE onycTtf , 
noTpefiOBaiE e on xopAa*Mapa EaqaTiE pasox^AOBaElfl BipEooTE 
noiy^esEaro AOHeeeEia. To 6ujrbCEEBHlinnfiE0K0HvaTej[BHufiyAapii, 
flaHecesEuft MEHflerepCTBy. CepBOSEHn tiesnopEASOBi wb JEoeaoe^ 
EC iipoflsoinjio. Biuo EioKoi&Bo 0TU9eR'B6i» BoSoRaME E ^om^eft, sa 
fl TOEBBO, E AOHB KOHmcff, yEecEiE OB co6oi E EOciiAHie ooraTBE 
cjiaBH yauEHrroHa. Ha Apyi^ft xe Aeu lopA'B Bpyxi yse bhoc^ 
BB naiaTy TpedoBasie pe^opxi e soTpefiOBaiB seoTEoxHoeTE pas- 
OMOipiHifl ero. Ha 16 Hoa6pfl HasHa^eHo 6euo o6cysAeHie Bonpooa 
B036yaveHHaro BpyMoirB^ npEOiBaBniBirb naiaTs b^ OBoa^aTOXBEOft 
6opB6t no Bonpooy pe^pHi, 6opB6i, BOTopas A<^nna fifiua pi* 
niETB E y^aoTB mniiOTepoTBa^ h tfyxyniee cTpum. H pe^MaTopu^ 
E san^ETBEBE oTBparo EopflAsa BEepni^eeBs fotobeieob bb npoA- 
OTOEB^oS EeE80ixHot OopBfrk, B^ pimETexBHOicy xoueETy bi xe8hs 
Aefjoe. Ho MEHECTepoTBO naxo sa cyrBH paSBme, (iiaroAAps H^Aa^t^ 
BOTopyn OHO Eonsraio no Bonpooy liste ciyile Eopoju. 

EorAa B<B ^Bpart 1830 r. nun npesiE no Bonpocy, BOBOyxAOH- 
HOMy Pooo6Ji6ii%, H oAHH^b EffB ^xoHOBB naiaiuBHeoi nonpaBBy, noA- 
puBasm}!) oEJiy h BEa^enie npeAioxenJE PoooexE, PeeBECoosi, o0pa- 
n^aflCB KB nocx%AHeMy, npoHdH6eicxiA7Kip;ifloxoBa, zapaBTopHUE Aift 
Toro BpeM6HH E ffs. Toi7(aniBflro HaorpoeHiE yMOBi: «bh en^e koxoau 
E AOXEBete AO Toro au> kofab npaBo Bii<k)pa 6yA6TB pacnpoorpa* 
EeHo Ha Bci apynHHe $a6pH>mHe oapyrH. SI yBipen'E, too abhb^ 
BToii 6HGTpo npE&iExaeTOE, a TOTAa BB BTy naxaty ebetce meeeotph 



BOPbBA SJl HSB^ATEJUbHTD PB«OPHy. 55 

H.BHeoyTL B'B Heo npeAioseme o npHUTiH laKoro po^a irlpn, xasi. 
eAB8«TB8HHaro opeACTBa cnaoemfl OTpaHii>. To 6ujlo nMnoamjuMb 
npopo^ecTBOM'b, s oso ocyn^eerBuocB paHBme, ^Awb osHxaii FeoEHC- 
oos%, ooymeoTBUocB tot^»o^ se noojrt naneEifl ysuHEnoHa. 

npH TorAaniHem HaorpoeHUi erpaHzi AJvaiB o cosAasiH isasoro 
jca6o HHOFO MHHHGTepoTBa, KpoiA KEHEcrepoTBa pe^opMH, 6UJ10 He- 
MSCJSMO, H MHooifl oodAaxifl ero 6£ua nopy^Ha GS-jrfcTHe&ij Tpex), 
KbKCflWf 37 JrtTB Hasi^'B, ropa^eiiy no6opHEKy pe^opHU h TenepB 
BHHyxAeraoMj o6oToaTej[B07BaMfl HrpaTB oTapyo pou, craiB bo 
rMBfr yxe HeHaiiftpiMO 6ojrt6 0£aa»Haro h Moryn^eoxBeHHaro, 
^Mi vh 1793 r., ABBxeHifl. Ho noioseiiie hobbeo MEHHoiepoiBa 
6HJI0 vb BHGOSofi oreaeHR Tuejioe h TpyASoe. CooraBHTB xh- 
HHcrepoTBo HO npeAoraBUO, npaBAa^ saTpyAHOHift. HeyAo6Haro n 
HeyroxBMuro Bpyiia oiuaBUH vb naiary JiopAOBi (tb THiyjiOBci 
xopxa^Baaqiepa, a saitirB ooexHsun bi oaho h rpeHBUHcroBi, b^ 
BHAi YHHEa^ ff KaiHHHrBTOB'B, B'B poj^ lop^a namiepoTOHa, ToAe- 
pHva H aPm nfepaioBirBHTOBi, B'B po^ Mej[B6ypsa, paosaoBniiscfl 
TopHf vb pox^ repi^ora PHtmoHAa, fffcaTOJieft pe^opioi, Bspo^i Poo- 
oeu, KOTopoKjr, oAHaKO, OTBen BTopocreoeHHoe idtoro, xoth h nopy- 
^UH BiqurfbrKy 6eu8 o pe^opiij^. Ka6HHerb cooraBxeHi dHurbHQBJm- 
^oreAHo HB'B OAHHXi aiMiOTOKpaTOBi — spyoHuxi seiueBiaffi^AoieBi. 
JbmB 4 mmorpa 6kmx ^JLeBSME najtaTU o6mMscb^ Bofi ooraiBHue sa- 
ebffiiSH.' B'B naiaii xopAOFb, au ynipoEHBixi pe<|^opMBOT0B% lasot 
cocTBB'E, noBHXHMOKy, yoTpasfljTB onacHooTB npoBexeBdfl paAHKaiBsoft 
pe4>op]m. n BTO TbiiB 6oj[ie, ^rra laiHifl hobhtb xhhhoipobi pe 
^pHft He 6hih TaftEOtt he aju Koro h npeAeraBXEU 0060D RpaiHee 
pa3Eoo6pa8ie. Bpyu9> otoajtb sa paonnpeHie EsdHpaiaiasii^ apaBa-Ha 
Bobx'b AOXozoBEeBi, EG Bospasai'B npoxEBi oTEExifl npABa y xioie- 
TOKB, TOFAa- KaK'B Fpot Gbutb Bceifiio 8a TaBoe OTBEiie e Ee maiii 
xaile noEEseEifl qexsa ao 10 $. or.; flfipxen BiiesaauBaiGE aa laft- 
Hyi> EoAany fojiocob'b, a Ppeft sa JunufiTEie napniieErHt TorAa KaB% 
DasuiepcTOSB' E MeJDbSypEB sexau, ^to6h c^iuiaHO 6£ueo HaAEOARo 
BoeHOEBBo MMBme EBxiseEit vb cjmMxsBjmnjdt EatepaTaiBEoS ce- 

Ho RaSOBH 6U HE 6iUH EEMasiE E HKbElE KSSEimpOTBa, B3EB- 

niaro Ba>66(ifl XEocin npoBOAeBiE pe^^opvii, eiiy epexoaeiocb eeItb 
Aftio 16 cfb naiaiot toibko, so 01 ubsum HaeejieEleM'B, HaxoAEB- 
mmiMVb oooTOSHifl erpanniaro B086ya^eHiE. IIiweEie yajuflrioEa 
He yonoEouo yxoB'B< BoneEie npoAOxsaxooB 0% npexEeS oeaoII, e 
onaoeHifl peBOiDqiE 6hih b% zounjb 1830 r. e wb Hawaii 1831 
Taun, eosH es^e Be 6ojrte qejibhezhe, nibm paEBSie. «IIo bote- 
iA ysaeHO oooToaaiie orpassi, nsnien TpeBEXB (21 HOEfipa); crb 
EdXAOt noTTOi. soiyuDTca Boe hobhe h eobhe ooo&nieEiE iiosa- 
paxB^paBpynieEiE xaniEHi, oonBaxir pafioiEzi, HaoEiiarB 0% vjkJLbS) 
mjpurtiE patfoieft HEam. KotifierrB e RapiaSiB, b^b beaex'b B086ys- 
AOEifl sapoAa, yse e 6e8i Toro BSBOjaoBaEEaro e BOsfiyaweEHaro 



56 P7GGK0B BOrATCTBO. 

T&iTB, ^To TBopETOfl sa-rpaHEi^eft, He nepecTai^Tb nHoaiB s npoHS ho- 
oHTb piu>. fii AeKa6pi hobhh onaoeHiau «J[ohxohi npe^oraBuen 
vb HacToinqyD 11EH7T7 ropo^i, BaiPL 6h paaopeHmt Boflion eih 
BpasecKHifb HameoTBieirB. B&k xjsjrb HSBiorift (mpoATb, nosa- 
paTL H T. A.> «OnaoeH]fl i^apaTB 0% nomoft cuoft; BOXHeHie 7MOB1 
HeojEHxaHHoe b ho noxose he Ha to, tto irpHxoAHzocB BB](feT& 
paHune. TpeCoBaHiii pe^opmi, ooKpan^eBia tmffKffta, BHSEiBaDn^H 
onaceHifl h coMHiHifl 7 t&x'l, Bouy eoiB, ^ro TepaTb, HeyKbpeHHOOTB 
Bi 6j]ijmfim, KpyoHHe HHiepeoH, saA^xsie j(Bis6Hi6]n&, boo bto 
yoBiHBaerB HepBHoe B0867ai^eBie, paonpocTpaHHrnii^eeca na Bci uao- 
OH. A Vb nHBapi onaoeHifl Aopooranrb yse ao nonoft ysb- 

pOHHOCTH, TTO pOBOIDI^fl H6H86iSHa. IlapTUE TOpH — Bl nOJBSOlCb 

pasioseBiH. Anaxifl i^apflrb opexK buciukx^ kjuooobi. KoHoepBato- 
pH— fieacHiBHu HH6 Moryrb oosAaTb 0K0iL]u>HE6yAB dHepmeoKaro h 
cM&iaro oprana ne^axE, soropuft Buorymurb 6h Ha saniHTy Hn 
npasi H HBTepeooBi. He to hh be^^hbtl ope^E pado^EXi uaoooBi, bo- 
TopHe Boe ffbneiBHie h A'&BTejiBHte opraairayxmfl. tllouoBHflBrb 
Hennp^, pasoxaaiiBaerb rpeBHiB (25 roHB. 1831), ooo6nQUi sso6o- 
nuTHHE AaHHHH o6i opraHEsaipE HaH^ecrepoBflrb pa6ouxnb; ohh 
ooeAHHeHH Kb 4 rpyimu, ucmbB cb nontH^mssHME ufijuaa, m 
riaBHzncb o6pa80]i% ffis. AOCTExeHifl mBHaro — ^yiy^meHiji oBoero 
noioseHiE. y HEX'S npaBHiBHoe ynpaBxeHie, HaxoAonteeofl na — vi 
M0H!l>, A Tose E opoAE seiueAibjcbi^eBx, no cioBain» Toro se He- 
impa, KOTopHft «o^ETaerb peBOX]o^ix) HeEB6isHO]o». G% APT^'oft oro* 
P0B3I, cTpeMzeHie Ao6flTboa paAEKaj[BHoi pe^opMH npoflBAEiocB bob 
oHi&^e H oEiBHie, h Vb xoHeHTB CBHoro o6paaoBafl]E HSHEOxepofBa 
orpaHa HexByoHuoxeHHo BHKasajia 8to cBOe xeiaHie h cTpeueHie 
BH6opai[fl Vb npeoTOHi, oahoitb nvb HaH6ojAe HapoAHBrrb EsdEpaxejob- 
jEEiXb uicTb. ^e&'B XHHBorepcTBa Ct8hxh (6yAy]i^ifl Jtop^B Jifif6B) 
npoBajnucE, — rpoxaAHoe tioiBnumcTBO roj[OcoB:b noiyucL SHaMeHs- 
THft Bi flCTopls 6opb6h da paAHKajaHyx) pe^opiiy, moxeo csasaTB 
OAEEi BVb KpynHHzi TBopi^oBi efl, TeHpH rdHTL. npaBAa, npoTEBi 
B0iIH6Hift MEHEOrepOTBO npHHflXO MipH Vb jifiuGpi. Rovb HaE6ojpie 
onaoHHt OKpyrb, YHH^ecxepir, vjsik Boraemfl 6hua ooo6eHHO oniBHiiy 
noQuaHa cnei^auHafl KomcEocifl, npeAaBmaa cy^y xo 1 t. nrsrb. 
Kapjafixb fl Ko66eTrb 6Bani nooaseHu Ha cbbmbi) noAoyAHHUXi> no 
o6BEHeHiD Vb B086yaKAeHiH Haoeiemfl kx Msresy, h Rapiaftn noma- 
THAOfl 2 T. $. CT. niTpa^a n AByxE roffaME TDpeMHaro saKin^eHiH. 
Ho BOJBQseHie yxoffb ne fnauLO e B036ysA6Hie 6wlo BoeoSn^EKi. 
MHHHorepoTBy npBxoAEJiocB AiflcTBOBaxb axioB cb BpafiHOfl ooTopox- 
HOOTBi), ^to6h ho BHSBaTB OH^e 6oj[Bniaro paBApasoEifl. BoTB noqeMy 
npoii[eoci> Ro66eTa Giutb orjioaseHi ao Idee. GyAi eea^ nwwb npe- 
BpaTHJDLCfl Vb sacTOflntyx) OBai^ix): noA^ Bne^aTJcfaHieHi HacrpoeHiE 
ofimeoTBeEEaro MHiHifl npEoaacHue BKHeon Eo66eiTy onpaBAaTexB- 
Huft npEFOBopi, npn vresiE KOTOparo^ vb Ka^ecTBi cBEAlTeiett, bh- 



BOPBBA 8A H8BHPATBJEBK7K) PB«0PK7. 57 

SBaEHHTB otfBXHaeiDr^ npHoyrcTBOBan i Bpyifb, h MeiB6ypvB, 
■ xopAi ^ojnbBecTOffB* 

TpjAHO 6KQI0, Bi bh;^ TaKOro HaorpoeHifl h cooionHiii cTpaHii, 
ooiaBHib 6e8i BHHMaBiii TpeSoBaHifl rpoxigtHoft xacoH HacaxeHiji, 
H KHHHOTepcTBO pimHJKO nepe^aTB BHpa6oTKy 6wvai o pe$opic6 cue- 
ipaxBHony KoxHTery hsi ^eiupex'b 6o£ie scero ojaovsasb vb mm- 
poKoft pe^pMi CBOHX'B ^z&sLOWb. PooooJiB, Jl(epx8]rB, rpeairb h ^oh- 
xaEHOiTb BdimcB 3a oooTaBJiBBie 6ejuui h Gucipo, ho bi nojariUbnei 
Taiaft noBeiK a^o. yaace 3 $eBpau npH B03o6HOBjieHiH aacftwsiJI 
napsaMOHTa TpeS xon>, vb Kpafiae TfM aHHHXL BiipaseHiflrB, saaBETb, 
^RO cnpaBHTencTBy y^ajioob BHpa6oTaTB npoesTii, KOTopHft, no ero 
mhAhId, ho nepecxynflTB rpaiEi^'b pasyifHoft yicipeHHOCTH, ho Boexy 
rocyAapcTB6HHouy ynpaBieHuo npHAacTB nojuoe eAHHOAyinie». 

nepBaro xapra 1831 r. AaBHO oaBHAaeuift 6huil 6ujn> BHeoeHi 
vb naiary i AOioseHi PoccejteHi, roBopHBiOHM'B vh samiffry 6hjuh 
6oJcle mjTb ^^MBh h hmAbhiem^ nonoe npaBO TpefioBaxB pe^opMH 
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Koft nyoTofi SByKi, KasEEib saaaiooB oho lopxaiTB. 31 0KT£6pfl, vb 
o6uuoHi Miorb oo6paEit pe^opEEorcKoS napilE, vh Grown e Anchor 
Tavern, cosBaEi 6wrh ehteetb, sa KOTopoEi pimoEo fisuo o6pa- 
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Ha MBTEfiri npHoyroTBOBaiE riaBEEDTB ofipasoEi uess napjaEOEra 
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E ptaBfliejiBEie BHOTynaiB xpyrofi eown^ sooEBinit to a:e EasBaHie 
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TpefiOBaHia A^^flcTBEiejiBEOft pe^opMU sapxaHesTa, oiHlEa xypHnx'b 
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o6Diyx) nojiBsy, saGoTHJOcB 6h o Ban^Hri e fiesonacsooTE ajui Boixi, 
a se A-KA OTA'i^xBEBixi TOABKO JiHi^ EJHE fpynni; onrbsH Botxi sa- 
cj[iA<^TBeHHiix'B pasjEE^; npeAOcraBJiesiE BcssoEy, AooiHrnieEy 21 
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saflBdHeHO, ^0 Bci 8th nyssra oodsi c^ETaerB cbmeiee cyoieoTBeH- 

EHEH A'fl aamETM EHTepeOOBl pafiO^EXl E teAHSOTBOEEO EBAeSH£Ilfl> 

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ft) Cl APyroft OTOpOEU, 9T0 IHBIB EpESETie BtAXB nySKTOBl AORia- 

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E6pfl ChJIB. C03BBVB EHTEETB B'B JIOEAOHt, SB KOTOpOEB A^RJiapai^iE 

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BOPLBi. 3A HaBHPATBXLHyK) PE«OPMy. 63 

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xbATeiot pmfSKajoHoft pa^pnH bhIth m% coDsa h jxpHHSKyTb si 
<Had^oiaiBHovy ood87» BiraKu 

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JlfiiKh BHTOffb H OpeAH MHHHOliepeTBa, Cwtb OTpaOEDnElft. IIpOTBBl 

xeuapaqiH bhhjoihu npoBuicaitii), Tp66oBaBiiiyi> ondsH khtbh- 
ra. Bi rasexaxi shtob'b noaBHJiHOB oiaTBH, HanpaBienDGU opaiBBi 
coxAa, H oTOJ^i^ Times'a e sp. ten hojdui cootisidufliai o KaBoirb to 
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BopmesEO lasoB se metbetb, EaBofl yorpaHBaBTb boI bi AefaIe. 
Ho yoEsa ea 6ius xn^exEU. MeiB6ypE% epebei^ jsfiujtBnXio, cioa 
sa KpeeiaEs, Koxopua 6hie, no oioaaEi^ oASoro ebi AO^eraxoBi, JIo- 
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E OTB sero npflmiooB oxsasaxBoa. Ho o6iaBjieHie EsxaEra seaasoE- 
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jiDAoft, eou Cejisl Pooceia ho 6yAexib npEHaxib. 

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XHAoa sflssBD. Brb Pfip6E EapoAEaa xoma 6ynieBaia atoKOJiBEO A^efi 
Ki paAy. B'B HoxxflsreMt coaBr^E XBpBEy. Bib BpaoxoAi noaBjioEie 
ysxepojufl, B'B saqecxBi^ cjabh, ydxepexifl, ropa^aa onaoafli^ia koxo- 
paro 6MJLSJ0 6Biia ESBtcxHa, BH3Bajio Eacxoan^ift 6yETB, npessonieA- 
mifi OBOHEE paanipaEE Bce xo, ^xo npoEcxoAEJio xofab bi AErm. 
yaxepejuEB 6uj['b Bcxpi^eE'B oBECxKaafl e EauflaME (29 okx.) s exea 
ycniA AofipaxBca ci bosbooeii ao ropoACBoft jijiai. Ha aion^aAE, ae- 
peAB Ayitofl, npoE3onuio cxouEOBOflie xoimar cb noAB^leS, e saBasa- 
sacB oaecxoHOHHaa ap^^i EepemeAmaa wb Eaoxoan^ee Boscxaaie. Ha 
ropoAOEyK) Ay^y oAiiaEO 6iUo EaaaAOEie, e oeb 6iua Bsaxa. BaxtMB 



*) The life and struggless of W. Lovett etc. London. 1876, crp. 77. 



64 pyCCKOB BOFATCTBO. 

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nyraHo, s uemxj BHraMH h Topn, bo Bpenx nepepHsa sacAxaHil 
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BopH. €C7D](ecTByen Boeofimee sejiaHie BiipaGoTatB KOHnpoKHcoi 
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TopH €Boie6n)mHxoii> hjth Wawerers oTaia osiohhibch ei sonnpo- 
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maom&BEBMi> z'b paAEsaiBHiarB xipam, h ci HEHEoiepoTBOHi. 

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H oh pe^opKU. MEEHorepcTBO 6hj[o 6ojrte yBipoHO lenepB, h^h'b 
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EO npEBen HipH bi EcnojiEeEie, s yjiBipaTopE BOcnoiBsoBanojb 

9IHVB, OOfipaiE BOi CBOE CEJOI, E 7 Hafl UpE BOTEpOBKi OTXtoiHUxjb 
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Oahhtb yAapoHi OEoceflo e yEEiTOSOEo 6iuo Boe, xooTflrEyro 9 
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OOCraBETB SOBOe MHEBOXepOTBO E BEOOTE HOBilft 6EJIJIB pO^OpHt. | 

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npomejTB fioiBniEEOTBOHii 80 roioooBB. Bojrb^^ saiiHi vb orr*' 



BOPBBA ai E8BHPATKfl[BH7I> PE^OPUy. 65 

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BossBaHiflMH: <ci7naftTe b-b 6aHS'b, sadHpaftie Banu aghbth, dimrb 
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H 4. OTAln I. S 



€6 P7GCK0X BOrATCTBO. 

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xorAa noflMerBi qro (hub ho npHHeoi eny HHsaKofi BHroA£i». 

• 

M. JI]f4MiviiH2 



HA KHiI3b-03EP^. 

Il3i> npisrejiBOKoft nepenacKH. 



IX. 

2 ABrycTa. 

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BBK% MOBXl dCTeTBHeCKEXb TOKJieHlfl! 

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A Hyro^y oTpesB^iB on BnewTaiHia^ npoHSBeAeHHaro 6apHm« 
Heft, cjArjen, 

6* 



68 , P7GCK0B BOrATGTBO. 

Hy, a ecjni seHHTb CyAen cii&iTBCfl? IlycTB: oipesBJieHle 
6yAeTB eniie HigiexH$e — ^ne 6yAy, no Kpaftneft icip%, lacRaTBca 
sa ero OjtBroft AHApeeBHoft h iilmaTB nrb iiA^JunnecKHirB t6te-k- 
tfet'aiTB. EaKi BBAHmB, aHajms^E Moft A^tcTBOBajii BejuncojiinHO. 

He 6681 asBHTeJiBHot yjaiSiui h^a^ eamirB co6ot a, naso- 
H6III, sacHyjii. SacHyjii ohohb BpitiKO. BApyrB npocHyjiCA on 
flAOBHTiftmeft 60JIH Bi yxi. BcROHriucB orb arot 6ojdi to^ho 668- 

yMHUft H HHCTBHRTHBHO, 611^6 Cb IipOCOHBA, OTBiCHJIl C66i nO 

yxy 8aTp6mHHy, yHSTroxaa Koxapa, BUEBmaroca vb caicyH) ynmyiD 
paBOBHHy. O'leBHAHO, BO CHi fl BunpocrajTB rosoBy Hst-uoAi^ 
njiBAa, a KOMapi dmyLi> m BOcnoJiBsoBajica. 

— Al BBC yjKi BCiaeTo! — ycjiEimajTB a bi to se Bpoiifl ro- 
jiocL Ahap6h CeprieBHHa. FoJiOBa oro BucoBUBajiacB co ABopa 

Bl 0TKpUT06 OKHO. 

— BciaH), BCTaH),— nociAiinui'B a yB^pHTB oro, XBaiaacB 8a 
luiaTBe H dTwxh cn'fiina nosasaTB, ^rro a bcbohejtb cb nocTdioi, 
nUkctmmsaasOy n HairlpeHleirB BCTaBaxB. 

^-r- npeAei!aBBT6, — npoAOJusajTb ctoh wb okeA mevb Ojot,— 
6iAH8ro BHB6Hria E&iamiieBna ao loro hohlh) cbijas. ROMapH, 
HTO osnb^ B6 coMKHyBi HH'Ha MHHyiRy TJiad^by noAib yrpo ymejn 
B'E oapafr H Tenq)B mi% sacnyjos, Ojoa npoauia h6 6yAHTB ero^ 
Ojoa 6oBTca| hio ob% ooactEi pa86HTB 6e8C0HHHitet... Moson 
6uiBy H BB cnajom lutoxa. Mo&en 6kib, h bh npeADO^jn 6u 

CEaiBy a H6 ixaXL CO ICBOft? 

— 9r6,— noAynajTb 2,-6681 aDeHixa BairB He zo^eica, no- 
la^BBsA cHHBopi, HTo6u a conyrci^BQBajrB BairB ci AOiRoft,— h 
OTBtouK—O ninl a cnaa^B, sxn yttasA. JLoifj cb yAOBoaB- 

CTBieiCB. . 

-^ CMoipBmy ycTaaaive. B^a^ see BpeKa spaAeica Bepxom 
H jdanoiTB,— BaeTanBaai imaiUlmift xoaann. 

-^ nonpo6yio* AbocbI — noBHuaJtib a KOnnecBH nae^axs, 
cnteia yMBETiica H OA^krBca, npmeiTB naTHsyarB saxBawHEHe ci 
co6oft HHTB HiiTepa oxoi^HS'iBK caoeni^ Bon vbcxb^ BOPAa a bi 
HHX% oxonncal 

OcoKopHHi nocf oajTB H^KOiopoe Bpeva HeptmraeiiBHO nepoAi 
moma ORHOirb, DoroirB, nosm^ oiomejrB. — Heoxora naneobsi, 
Hi!o6ib ai^xajcbl-^noAyMajn a, s mcb ciraxo laEi HaxB^HineosB 
BeoeJK), ^To a jsfOB CAfccaui% cA^to kb pcff% ^urausoBCKaro an- 
Tpama^ i^xosff wpeai eroaoByio aa BpsuEbOO. 

TaicB Borpfiisjia vraa^ ciaa cfflJteciftiD) rbki 970 panaee 
coaneraoe yxpo, Oora. Hu csauBi, nepe^ neio, croaoiia BpuHsa 
cb MOJioROinb, xpn craRana, h ha mpeaRi smieTHTSiie xohih ceibr 
«aro, RavB 6yAT0 emfi ff^wan^axitB^ ^epnaro 3:jtt6a. DJ^e^pcH Oan 
0TCB%vB8am cwsoTB nymsoir&, BipoaTKO, nocxl ynHBanBa xo- 
aoA&oft BOffA. Tpaaa Ha o6taHpH0irB nycxoKB AQopi Bca mRi 
H &bjLi3iSk cepe6pHCToft oSnjiBHoft pocoft. He6o Siiao acHO ao 



HA XHflSB-OSEFfi. 69 

ocjAnHTeJOHOCTH, bob;^^ CBisi h varoKi jtp ooBflHeHk mci. 
n, Bi KOHQi iu)Hii[OB'b, npojiecTHafl, Barop&naa py^sa npoiflHyjia 
UBi craiuiHi MOJiORa — nacTOfliitaro, A^peBeHCKaro MOJiORa, npasAa, 
nyTB-HyTB naxHyBmaro KopoBoft, ho O&iaro, rycioro. H mojioxh- 
necKK-sBOHicit x^Binecsit rojiocb CKasajTb: 

— XoTRie? Mu ci nanot nps Hamsxi no^Asarb ^ax) He 
HBeirb. BunBem MOJioRa, chiffon CBisaro ud^a, h fotobo. 
BaxHTe, Kasi paHo ^ahite. Px^ lyn ciaBHTB caiiOBapiI Ups- 
cjiyra en^e cnnn. 

Qna roBopHJia aro Bce npocio h sob^phhbo, CMorpjat MHi wh 
joano cbohmh HHJiiuar rjiadaira. 

— A bu HacTO xasi iBfjsre ci pojgnejieMi? — cnpocHjrb h, 
saJEDOirb ocymafl ciaRaH^ KOJioKa h ^yBciBya, hto nouonyiK) 
aciHHHuft HeKiapi. 

— Bi JiicB? nocTOHHHO. fl o^OHB jiid6jik) isjqiTB Cb HaHOt 
Bi JiicB. XoTHxe en^e craBaHX? 

H ona rpaitiosHo HarHyjiacB, ^to6u naJOiTB nai kpkhrh en^e 
cxasaffB MOJiORa. Tohho BocxBH^eHHaa, hto s. TasB MOJuoAei^RH 
BEnaun nepBHft, osa yjiu6ajiacB; roiasa es, sojiothcto hckph- 

JDCB« ^TO a HOFB OTB^THTB, EaKB HO OnpORHHyiB B'B Ce62 OH^e 

ciaKaHi ch emfi 6oja>meA 6ucTpoTot. 

r— A zJiiCa, zjr66a nonpo6yftTel 7 nacB HyAecBiuft CB&sift 

ZiMb! But JIH)6HTe CB^Hlft, 611(0 rOpHHlft XJI$6:B?— SBOH^JTB, RaRl 

cepe6pflHufl kojiorojibhhkb', rojLoch Ojoi. 

SI Cb TaRHlCB a^^RIOlTB HpOAeMOHCTpHpOBaJTB MOH) Jno60BB 

Kb ropfl^eMy "lepHOiiy xji$6y, hto B'B MrnoBeHBO ffByx'B JEoneft 

KER'B H6 CUBBJiO. H HO 8HaH), AO ^erO 6u XOniJIH MOH racTpoHo- 

lonecRlH yBJio'ieHiH noxB BjnlflHieMi loiJiaro rojioca h khjodcb 
nasi, ecjiH 6u kl RptuiBi^ ne noxBixajiH BepxoirB AHApeft Cep- 
rioBHTB H ero ynpaBJunonuft* 3a hhich pa6oTHHRi boitb enite 
XByxB jiomaAet, ocftAJiraHHHrB, OAHa a^mcrhitb c^ajioitb. 

He ycnijn a onoMHHTBCfl, RaRi moh AepeBeHCRaa re6a, to^ho 
nnva, BcnopxHyjia Ha cboh) jiomaAB, h hsi-hoa'b oh cB%TJiaro 
CHnieBaro njiaxBH na 60R7 caBpacoft JiomaAn BurjiaHyjui Ma- 

JSeHBXlfl HOSRH BX BUC0RHZ1» HOJiyCaHOJRRaZly npHRpUTUX'B HOAO- 

(SeiTB lypei^RHZi majEBBapi hsi Toro jro CHn^a. SI tojibro Tyn 

SailiTHJII'B OpKHHaJIBHOCTB OH ROCTIOMa. 

— Bk cuoTpHie, RaRi h OA^Ta? 9to nana npHAyMajTB. 
OiJoraaA roctoitb, yAoCmift ba^c^ — Bsceio BacM^EJiacB Ojih k 
HarnyjiacB, czeiajuibo OAopniBaH bhh8% noAHaBinyiocfl io6Ry njiaTBa. 

— Hy HTO se bh, caAHxecB! He 6oflTecB:ROHB CMEpnuftl — 
CKasaji'B AoApeft GeprieBHTB, hocmotp^bi BBBMaiejiBHO na iceHH. 
SL novn pascepAVJicJi na nero vb aroiB MOMenrB. HoieMy Msb 

Henp^I^HHO HySOHB CMHpHSft ROHB? H HO AyMaJI'B CoaihCa. ROHfl. 

H, saRpiiB'B r^asa, tohho 6pocaflCB wb nponaciB, h BcynyjrB Hory 
Vb ctpeiffl, HanpaseHHO npHnoAHUca na hbitb h caicB wood 



70 PrCCSOB BOrATCTBO. 

yXEBurcfl Tony, ^ro onycnuicfl vh cbffio 6wh bcabkx'b 8jiosjdo- 

— ^a BU MOJfox^HHal-^KaE'b ketI noRasaxocB HpoHHWoi 
noxBajnjn OcosopHiTB. 

Hin, offL nojioaBBTejEbHO xo^en ypoHRB iceHfl B:b roias&rB 
CBoeft xoHepH,— pinnuTb a s He 6en d^^esia ipoHyjrb Ka6jy- 
KaMH CBoero chbo-d^iwo 6yiie$aji[a. y Hero, ki Moeny yxoBon- 
CTBiH), osasaaacB nnozoAb. 8to a saniTHJirB, ABHHyBmscb sa Apy- 
iHHH H paBHflflCB ch Ojiet. Uii izaiH HonapHO. BnepexH Oco- 
KopHHx H ynpaBJifliD^lft, y KOToparo sa c^ajiohb Cuih hphbh- 
sami Kaide-^o M&nBR. 

Mh HHHOBan XBopi, Hocn, r^i caxumcB b'e jioxkh, bu- 
%xan Ha Aopory h poBHot pucbio ABHHyjncB no net neacxy 
6ojiOTaMn h nepejEicsaiiH. Ojla hhofae HocHaTpRBaxa Ha Meaa, 
TOHHO sejmfl yd^AHTBCfl, RpinoEi-Jin h b'b c%XJr6, h, ySixu- 
mHCB wh aroMi, neosHAaHHO JiacKOBO yjm6aj[acB MHib. On bxhtb 
yjuiCoRi H TO^o He ^xajTB BepzoH^B, a hjoutb hjih Jiertjri na 
RpiuEBHX^B. Ona HflrKo KOJOoajiacB na CBoefl jtomaxH. fl bha^jtb, 
BaKi efl npHHOXHarafl wb crpeMenarB Hoauca BCTpHXHBaiacB. JI 
jKpaAKOft BsrjuxuBajJTB na ary HosKy, BaCuBafl Bcjudt aHajom. 

Mh nOpOBHHJIHCB CB BaRHMH-TO A6p6BeHCRHMH sfamjuoi, o6He- 

ceHHiiHH BucoRoft OROJumeft. A He HOFB noHATB: ycaAB6a-JiH ara, 
xaieHBEafl-JDEi xep^BHa. AH^peft CeprieBH^ HOBepayjicfl ro hh^ 
H CRasan: 

— TyTB SHBOTB HUIflXTa— HOJURR. IIopflAO^HO, XOSflftCTBeHHO 

sHByn. HftcROJiBRO ceMeScTBi. 

— noifiHpucH? — cnpoouTB H. 

— Hin, npocTO, rrri q>ecTBflHe sHByn. Grmh namyrB, 
cam sHyTB... MoserB 6hxb, Ror^a HH6yxB nanain 6iuh vh 
crapHHy; a, icoserBi hcrohh nuiflZTH^aiiH, JiaaoTHHRaMH,— otb^- 
najTB OcoRopHHB. — BcoTO BipoHTHie, npeARH HXB 6HJUL saxpe- 
6eiHHRai[H y HaHa-MarHaia, ny, a hotomb, RaRB HCTopia IIojiBaiy 
HpoyHnjia, bb RpecTBancTBO o6epHyjiHCB... TaRi MXb nuuxrot 
Bc% H soByTB... 9rB, RorABrTO HCTopifl HpoyiHn HaiHHXi sa- 
xpe6eiHHR0BB ropoAa, ctojehi^i!.. neosHAaHHO HpH6aBHJiib ohb. 

— 9rel Tu xoiemB BTHHyiB mbha bb npenHpaiejiBCTBO cb 
To6oft! — HOAyHaJTB & — manmB! ne naAy^in^l H ceftiacB-se o6pa- 

THicfl RB OjoA: RaBi raxo npiioniJiacB dia mxaxia bi mdx6wA^ 
uexgj ji%comb!.« 

— ^a, lyTB xopomol TpyAflTCH, paCoraiorB... JI htb bh- 
xixa, cjiaBHUH xaRiH mta, saropijiuH, saAyM^HBua, cepBesHfiifl, — 

THXO OTOBBaJiaCB OHa H CB RaRHMl-TO BHyTpeHHHMB OABa saM^T- 

HUMB oxHBJKeHieMi HpHSaBHJia: — HOMHHTe, BU pascBasuBara o 
BFJiBHi 6iAHJiRaxB... He OTToro-JiH H y BAibmBet nuiflXTH, h 
y rtxB ($%AHHR0BB TBRifl cJnaBHUA rpycTHHH jtHQa, HTO Ilojnbina.,. 



Hi 8Hfl3B-03Bn. 71 

By BH MeHa nonuaeie? ona ocTaHOBSU sa nsb cepBesHHft m- 
jtymsBiift BsrjuiAi. 

— noHHMaH), nomacaio! — BOCiuiHicHyjii n vh noJiHon bo- 
^ciopri. — Msjuafly x& tu ropasxo jusbe h nyne, ^rbm a. xyMajrb,— 
xMBKHyjio y iieHii bi roiOB^. 

— BoTi A Tasyio-se cej[BCBO-pa6o«iy]D nuiflrry xo^y cx&naxB 
«8!b Hea H ea dyxyn^tro nyaui, — KpHKHyjTB cb CBoeft Jiomaxa Oco- 
KopHHB. Hano ho oxosBaaca Ha oro BOCKiaKame. 

— Oaa, vbffi m mi^ero He rartemB nponsB? — KpncnyaB 
'OWb onaTB. 

— Tu sHaeniB, nana, hto HH^rero* HanponaB, o^ohb paxa,— 
^mfjwtsno OTOBBaaacB ona. — nana, b^ab bio HanrB yHacrosB Ha- 
imnaeica? — cphsj nepeiiiHiiJia ohb Tony. 

— MoaoxraHa-xlBOHBal Saaen Bci cboh yvacTRil— noxBa- 
JDUi BBC^jio OcoKopaHB H, nojyo6epHyBnracB Ha lomaxv, uckobo 

lIOCICOTptoB Ha XOHB. 

Mu BBixajon fb xicb. Gnepaa bto Siutb h^^ceojebko Bopaauft 
.licoKB, p^Koe, HecKjuaxHO a^oHBineeca Ha 6ojiort wdjoosibche^ 
noTOHB no^Ba craaa cyme, xepeaBa Bsme, BopHH htb Haiaaa 

BIuisaTB H8B SeMJOl H TOaCTHHH HBBHaHHaiUI SMiHTBCa UOXB HO- 

raMH Jiomaseft. Gtbojoi yse bucoko noAuiiajiH cbob r&HHCTfiifl aep- 
niHHu. SanaxB icoxa, cmojiu, seaeHH, npoxjiaA& nocToaHHoft ray- 
<$0K0ft rtHH oxaaTHJiH Haci. 

Mil noixajiH maroHB. OcoaopHHB h ynpaaaaion^lft ocTaaaaaa* 
BaaacB anorxa nepe^B A^peBBaini, ocaaipHBaaH hxb, saict'iajia 
sa HHXB Baaie-TO Hapy6BH, sHasH. Orayxa-TO HdB qan^a Buaup- 

^JTB OXHHl H8B lixx atCHHROBB, KOTOpue B08HJIH HaCB BB aOASt 

no KBHaBi. Ha Horaxi ero 6iijni Boauume aanH, yBpinaeHHHe 
aa roaemi K^Esma^ o6BHBaa>n^HKH boo roaeaB, peMHam. 

— IOxHITB! — BpHBHyjTB OcOBOpHHB, — MSI XOTHBTB Vh TBOft 

ynacTOBi npoixaiBl 

— Oft, naHOwy, Ha bob% neaBsa... coBciHB ciaaa TpacHHa«.. 
oocai Aoacxeft- nefibm ffii maa Aoacxa... oxi, naHeasi 6y- 

fpTb TP7AH0. no ROa%HBO TJ^ BOffU 

n lOxHiTB, roBopa Bio,CHaai noapaoaya) man^OHBy h ycH- 
jeHHo Bsaaaaca, tohho ohb 6uurB BHHoaaTB, hto bb ero y^aciai 
^no xoaiHay BOAa>. OcoaopHHB HaxHypaaca. 

— A HTO-acB, OaBra AHApeeaHa cb 6apHH0]CB nycsaft nacB 
«xicB noAoacAyiB. A mi cxoahmb,— aeceao npeAiosnrB ynpas- 
-UH)H][lfl, cjAsaa CB jionnvtH. 

AHApeft GeprieBH^B en^e 6oJiBme Haxnypuca. 

— UaAO, Ojui, leCi, — csaean ohb,— Hacroan^le 6oioxHHe 
<anorH easasaTB. 

— HenpeH^HHO h^ao, nana! — coraacuacB oaa sporao. 

— A lenepB a ocraaycB sxicB h, xoiare, ni«roTOBaa> aavB 
^aft,— aeceao npeAaoataaa ona. — 9 Mory ocraiBca h OAaa: Ilerp-B 



72 PyCCBOB BOrATCTBO. 

BacHJiLeBKTb, BipoaiHO) saxo^erb cb b&mh. 7 Hero mjansu^ 
canorH. 

0, xaxi BosHeHaBHA&rb a bi aron MOMeHTb koh f^jnmwa^ 
canornl 

— Hin, Hirbl a ocTanycB ci Bami! fl He ozoTHmrb xo 
Cojron! — nocsiaiHjrb a saaBHiB. 

AHffpeft CeprieBH^i tojubko 6e8HaffeaKH0 nocMOip'ljrB Ha MeHfl.. 

— Boi'b H BeJiHBOJiinHot— BOCBJDiRHyjirb 7^paBIflI0^^ft, crac- 
KHBaji Cb CBoet jiomaAH ximKH, vh Roiopuxi ORasajucL ^aft- 
EOBJbj MaJieHBRift norpe6ei^ h CBepiKH cb xojioAHofl npoBHsiefi. 

— K)xHxi», ycTpaHBaft Kociepil — ROMaHAoaaJTb $oifa Chad- 

pOBXVb. 

' Ho Tyrb A BCTynucfl. 

— HiTB, H%n, Bu Jiy^me HXHre. fl Bce CA^aio, Bocrepv 
pasjiosy, HafiHHKi HarpiH), sa JEomaxbioi nocMOipio, — oGrbBBEXb 
fl OesanejrjifliaoHHO. 

— C]iOTpHT6-xe! Mu Hepesi naci npiiA^irb! ^to6i Bce^ 
6iuo-6H B'b nop^AKi. Ojui! fl Ha xeCa hb^iocbI— CRasajn Oco^ 
KopHHi, HeAOBipuBo oiJuiAHBaflCB Ha MeHfl h yAajuiflCB Cb ynpa- 

^wuuonpiM'b H iOuMOK'b Bi rjiymB Jiica. 



X. 
EorAa MH <rb Ojiet octamcB oahh, mhI noisasajiocB, iro & 

CHJIIO H BHXy COHl. 

Bi caMOMi xia^, TBOft sanaiicHeB&Dut sypnajuicrb, yse^ 
Borb vkn9ieTb, ckojibro jvkrb Bpa^aion^lflca cpeAH neTep6yprcK0t 
jraTepaTypHoft h HHHOBHH^Beft 6paTln cb ea sencKoft nojioBHHoft, — 
a a Te6^ ne pasi onHCBiBajrb axy noJiOBHHy, — OBasuBaeTca b'b 
HojiiccROM'B 6opy HaeAHHi cb laRoft A^Bymicoi... 

Bucosiji AepeBBH thxo h oyzo tohho sBeHJin rAi-io BBepxy, 
QABa K0Jle6JII0^^lXHCJi KpacHOBanufH CTBOoiaHH. Bjiara bos*- 
Ayxa noAi» hhmh Kaseicji TaEoft KarKoft, laKot jiacKaiontefl; 
naxnerB aeiuieft, npomjEoroAHHHH HCTJuiBmHMH nrjiaKH on xboh; 
nojcycBin, THmHHa; sasoe-TO ahbhoo Bonjon^eHle yeAHHCHlH, co- 
cpeAOTOHeHHocTH, H dra A'iBymRa, vb ea HeoCunnoiii Eocxioid 
CB oCnaseHHot roJioBBot. Ona CHaora cboh) Hetfonmyio cojio- 
Menyio nuunicy, mmeBsjv> BCflKEXi yKpamenifl, Kponi ysEOft 
^epHoft JseHTOHKH, H noB^cHJia ee na BiiBy. 

n Boo6pa8H, TyrB se h, wb oxothbuhxi canoraxi, ycepAHO 
CKjraAfiiBaK) Rociepi^ hbi jiicHoro BaJieacHHRa, yspinjEJiK) hba^ 

WOLWb KOCTpOM^ TBTaH'B H81b Cy^KOB'B poryjiBKaMH H 08a6oTOHHO 

cj&sy, KaKiBi HyryHHOM!B ^aftHHsi aaminaen BOAa. 0, a ao- 
nycKax): co ciopoHH a'6ujrB.CM&noHi, RounqeHB wb bth kh^ 
HyTH... Ho BHyipeHHO a 6wL'b crpaniHO cepBeseffB*.. 



HA XHS3B-08EP^ 73 

SL Qspyn noiyBOSBOBdjrbj nxo irafi h H6o6£iRHOBeHHo xo- 
pomo, H B'B TO se BpeMfl 60JIBH0. Ojifl noMorajia ufA: pasciH- 
jtaira njcaw, CEaiepiB na hhx%, AOCTaeaJia HdJioiiKLai nannm Hsib 
uiKOfl-To R0Hno8Hi(iH: Bce 3T0 ORa^ajiocb Bi icimBax'B ynpaBJEflio- 
nviro. H eicorpijrb na jiobkIa, fiucipufl, He cyeTJuiBsa ABHsenifl 
ea MHjnizii pjtok'b, h BApyrb axa HeaoHflTHaH fiojib b'e Koett 
rpyxH, TOHHO Bi neosHsaHHoiTb CToni, BupasHJiacb b'e nojoryno- 

XaBJIdHHOlTB BOCRJOntaHiH. 

— OjiBra AHffpeeBHa! Ho bu ho JnoSHre Bamero senHxa! 
Ona B'E dry HSHyry cxofljia na kojoAhjixi na HJiaAi, nepe6H- 

paa HpoBHsiio. ycjmmaBi to, hto h CKasajii^ ona ne Bcxajia c% 
xojaip'B. Ona tojibko ypoHHJia pyra baojib CBoero CTpoftnaro 
craHa h noAHJUia roJiOBy. Fjiaaa ea ci BupaseHieirb Hcnyra, ne- 
ffijwkmay Bonpoca— 0, KasB ohh xoponm 6ujih b'e ery HHHyryl — 
ocraHOBHJiHCE fla hh%... 

— IIpocTHTe Kui... KaKoe jko a, mafao opaBO... sajqpoxajiB Hoft 

rOJEOCB. ^ibflCTBHTeJIBHO, 6BUI0 HyAOBHH^HO, Ha BTOpoft ffiEb 8Ha- 

soMCTBa, saTparHBaTE TaRoft Bonpoci. 

— Pa3Bi oHi BaMB TaRi He noHpaBHJicfl bo BpeMfl sameft 

noiSAKH Ch HfllfE? — THXO CHpOCBJia, HaROHeifE, OHa. 

— O^eHE He nodpaBHJUCJi. Ose neAaoieKb, XBacTJOsB^i ne- 
CHOceHi,— noJieTijE'EH To^HO ch ropH, saSuBaa BCHRoe Ha6jiiH>Ae- 
Hie sa ^aftHHROMi, H8i» ROToparo BOAa xjorayjia, Cypjui h ce 
nmniHEeicE naAaa na yrjoi Rocxpa. 

Oju[ BCTajia Ha hofh, orpaxHyjia H)6Ry cb HeAJienHoft cepEes- 
Hoft satioTJiHBOCTBio, HOTOMB saroBopHJia HeiiHoro AposanpiMi 
roJiocoH'E: 

— EiAHUft BBReHTift EBJiaiimeBHH'El Ose HHRaRB ne mo- 
JKOTE H86aBHXECH OTE CBOHX'E HeAOCTaTROKE. Ho nana roBopffTs: 
xoPAa owh nocejorrca coBciiCE ba&ce, bi ffipeBsiy ropoACRle co- 

fijiaBHH, OrE ROTOpUXl H BCO OFO XBaCTOBCTBO, H JierROMUCJlie, 

He 6jjijTb ero nopTHTB« Ohb OTBURHerE ote Bcero ATpnoro. Jlfi- 
peBeHCKaa pafioxa h xjiohotu— caMoe ay^mee cpeACTBO otb Bcero 
xypHoro. 

— TaRB roBopHTE nana?— nepedHJTE a nyxE ne cb 6lnieH* 
CTBOMB dry HaBHAaieaEHyio p^he unaoft AlByniRH, roxoBot o6pa- 
THTEca Bi aBTOMarE nanHHOft MyApocxH; ff^e roaocE y nea ne- 
peciaji'E ApoxatE, nepeflAfl bi BOBnyTHTejiEHO poBHuft tohi. 

OBa ch RpoTRHMB yRopoiTE noAHaaa na icena cboh raasa, 
BsraaAa ROTopnx'E a noaosHxejiEHo ne b'e csjiaxi BUAepxHBaxE 
6effE BoaneHia. 

— 3to ATMaiD H a, ne tojiero nana, — MeAienHO CRasaaa ona. 

— Hy, npeRpacHO, bu dTO AyvaeTe, h bu, BipoaTHO, npapu. 
Ho pasBi BTO sHaHHTE, HTO BU juoChto? 

— BHRenria EBaaunleBHHa? — 6ucTpo n osHBaenno neper 
fisaa ona nena. — JboCsao. JKaaiio. Pasnl usi orh dTHXB neAP- 



74 P7GCB0B BOrATCXBO. 

CTaTKOB!b ero ne 6ojniHo* H%n, mu oro cb naiioft HcnpasHinb. 
Ona flURe noBpacH^^, roBopa dio. 

— Hy pasBi 810 joo6obb? pasBi aio jiio6obb? HcnpasjuxB 
coOBpaerecBl— sazoxoiaji'b a, ch BaRoft to sjiofioft npBHHMascB 
npHBOAHTB vh nopflxoKB "laftBDBBi, 67pjHBmift Ha TaraH^^. 

— Bii roBopBie o poMaBHTOCBoft jdoCbh?— Bxpyn thzo crb- 
9aaa Ojm h bca noTjiniJiacB. 

— ^a HMeHHo... poHaHHHecBoftI— BOCEJoncHyorb a touo bi 
RaBom TO onBflHeHlH.— ^a n ne r oabh^b roBO^. Pasai btoti 
Jiic% H6 roBopHn o Heft? PasBift dia ^yxHaa THnuraa He men- 
lerb Heft? drorb exaa cjommiift sbohb x^eBBesi ne noerb o 
Heft?.. Bu MOJioxUy bu ^yTBH, BH npejiecTHU, HasoHei^B...— « 
BApyrb yHOJUK'B, ^yBCTBya, hto cavB ne sHaio, hto roBopio... 

Ojifl c^a, Touo BJ> HeosflxaHHOMi SescHJdH, onycTHsniHCB 
Bciicb Tijiom Ha HJTOXB. Ofla bbei-to CeBHOMontHO cjiojcHJia 
CBOH uEjnu pyBH. Bi jBticy boxbophjeocb HOjraaHie. To^ho can 
xbcTb gt&iajECfl THme. HasoHexTB, a na^ajTB poSso h Hepinm- 
tojibho: 

— OjiBra AnjipeeBHa, pa^t Bora, npocTHTe kohs..* # 
Ho fl He KOiNHjrB. (tea Bcrajia, tohho cobc^itb ne ciymaa 

MOHfly sanoaBEjia pyBH sa cminy h nanaAa MejpeHHO xoxhtb 
HO MaaeHSBOft xyxsAvk cpexH Jiica, na EOTopoft mu ycTpoHU 
CBoft npHBajii. Ofia 6iuia to^ho b'b nytfoROirb pasxyMBH.- Mh^ 

He XOTilOCB BUBOXIITB 00 BSB dTOrO paSXyMBfl. OhB 6UJia TBB'B 

6e8BOHewo Houia bi noAaBjraeuoirB eio 6e8noBoftcTB% h BOJiHeHlH. 

— TaBoft j[K)6bh bb BBBOHriio EBiULKHieBBHy a ho ijb- 
CTByio, KOHeHHO, — BApyrB CRasajna ohb rjiyxoBaTUirB rojiocoirb,— 
HO pasBi 8T0 HeoSxoffno? — coBciviEi thxo, tohho canoe ce6B, 
cnpocHjra ona, ho CMorpa na mohh h OHycsaa hbsro roAoay. 

-^ Pasai Heo6xow]irB h^b^tobb na hjeoaobomi x^peai, hto6u 
HOJiyHHJSca HJioxB, OAHaRo, npepoAa cosAana tbrb, ^ao npesA^ 
HJiOAa aBJULOTCfl HHJuift 6j[aroyxasHiift i^BtTORB/ ^apyoTi nacB, 
OHBHHaeTB CBOBifb sBHaxoiTB,— coBdiTB HeoacHAaBHO ffis^ cavoro 
ce6fl npHBeJTB h ero, noaRorB 6iiTB, h&crooebro HsucRaHHoa cpaa- 
HOHie. 

— y xxb6^ y pacHy y nmeHHitfii wbn jiapyioii^xB i^bI- 
TOBi, — oHflTB TOHHO Hpo ce6a satf^THJia ona^ ho nepecTaaafl xo-- 
AHTB BsaAB B BnepoAB no jiyaEaftBi, sajiosHB^B Hasax'B pyRS^ 
onycTHa'b rojiOBy. 

— A BU HenpenisHo xothto Chtb nposaHHecRHifii xjiifiovB, 

POXBK)?-— rJiyXO BSpBaJDlOCB y MOHfl. 

— PasB^ dTo Tarb Aypno? — cnpocHJia Ojih yse ci BaRmcB- 
TO-HyTB saifiTHinrB pasApasenieini. 

3Ta HOTRa pasApaseHifl noxiftcTBoaajia na MeHff. RyAa nps- 
BOAerb HOAOfiHHft paaroBopi? saniurB ohi? nponecjiocB y mohh 

B% tOJIOBi* . ^ 



HA EHfiSb-OSBPB. 75 

— HanpoTHB'By 8T0 OTOHB zopomo. H BecB aroTb pasroBop'E, 
OjDbra AH^q^eeBHa, a saBejnb cb eAHHCiBeHHoft vd^xao noHJin 
ifOTBBH Bamero Gpasa. TenepB n htb noHfljrb h Bnojort 0x06- 
pioo, — xoROHHHJn^ fl, ycRjieHHO o6sHrafl ce6i pyRH pacaaoiMi- 

HUft HaftHBK'b H B'E STOlTb oOxort HJBCIBJE CTpaHHyH) OTpaAJ- 

— TooiBRO?— Bxpyrb BupBajiocB to wo HeBOUHO rpyciHOft 
HOiot y Ojih. 

— ?T0 TonKO?— He cpasy noHJorB a ee. 

— ToJCbRo jsfls. Toro h saroBopHJOi?— ho^h npomenrajia OHa. 

— TonKO KSfl loro. Boxa BCKHn&ia, Ojara AHXpeoBHal %o 
npKsaseie xenepB mh£ flbm,nH — yMunueHHO noA^epBHyjTB & 
iipaEniH[6CRlfl if&iH Hamero jefjmemE. 

Ona He OTBiiEJia. fl xose HOJrauiB. 

— A Bi caBCOHB x^Jii, KasB xopomo dfjbch vb jAcyl — 
Bjq^yrB csasajia ona, BSTJurayBi Ha BepmsHH xepeBBeBi. A bh- 
xtos KaRi noAHflJEacB h onycTiuiacB ea HeBHCOJBuui rpyXB. 

— Bh Bi nepBHft pasi naxoxHie 8to?— cnpocHJTB ji. 

— Bt Jiicy?— j^porHyBHieft HoiRoft nposBynaJTB ea rojiocB. — 
% S^TB He vh nepBiift, — ^MexJieHHO m saraxowo enaHHTeJiBHO npo- 

^knyjia OHa. H BApyrB, bcbohhbb onaTB na noni, osHBaeHHO saroBO- 
pHsa. — Aa? Tasi BOXa BCRHn&ia? OTJDoraHO. ^aftre vajieHBKlft 
^alHHieffB. OffB BOHB TaffB, BB TOMl M^me^B^. Ceft^acB saBapHHB 
^afty a HOTOiTB 6yxeirB ne^B Rapro^eJiiB bb wjvb... Ohb bohi bb 
70MB poroseHHOMB RyjiBiA! A noTOMB H nana cb $oHot Ghxo- 

POBHTOUB HOAOftxyTB. 

H im saBapHBajiH ^aft, sapsjni RapTO^eJiB, Oju Ha^ajiia, no no- 
BOxy RapTo^^ejifl, noxpoCno pascRasuBaTB xosjiftcTBeHHiie njnaHn 
orqa. SL cJiyinajrB, HOJi^ajTB. fl noHHMajiBy ^0 ona ne aceJiaoTB 
6o3ame B08Bpani[aTBCH rb npesHeft leiii. A mh^ ho zot&jhocb 

rOBOpHTB HH HOITB. 

Hy, He RaBepsy-jra ycrpoHJia hh% cyxB6a, 6jiaroxapfl ROica- 
paiTB H xozAfliCB, nepBUHH yxajiHBB hbb namet ho^xk^ xe- 

HEXa, BTOpUMH HenOBBOJIHBB Osi HXIH CB OTI^ltMB H JUfiZMJOD" 
D^HHl?! 

■-• -• XL 

^ojiro en^e mu chx^^ bi sibcj y Rocipa bxboohb cb Ojieft. 
Mil He M0J[HajiH. Ona, cb oeodeHHmcB CTapaEfieicB b HCRyccTeeH- 
inwh osHBjueHleiiB, roBopHJta mhI o lAcb, o njianaxB ero pac- 
iHCTRH H paspaCoTRE ofl oh^ohb, BxasacB juaoLQ bb soojioriio h 
ioraBHRy. 9, ho CMOipa na bck) HanpflseHHOCTB icoero xyo^^B- 
saro cocTO£Hifl, na bck) cuyrHocTB HacipoeHifl, He mofb ho xh- 

BHTBCfl ea HO^HaHiHMB ho iri^CHOKy XOSHftCTBy H B006nte OTHO- 

^HteJiBHo xepeBBOBB, xpaBB, aroxB, rpH6pB%, Him^ sB^pet bb 



76 pyCCKOS BOFATCTBO. . 

— 3to Bce nana— rOBopRJia ona. — 0! ool MEoroiiy HaynJCL 

MQHfll 

noTon, Bjspyrh nepBHO oCpuBaa cbok> pin o jrbcbj fla^aia 
pacnpamHBaTB neEUBt o Moeft xbsse wh neiepCypri, o hohx^ 
sHaKomisb, Moeft sypnajiBHoft xlflTenHOCTH. fl ropno nps- 
Hfljiai pascRas^axB h^ xaiocB, npHRpacHjrb Bce aio, Aft^Re KasB 
6yAT0 npHZBacinyjii Koe-^irb. Ho, rkwb ne Hesie, Moft CEen- 

TBQHSinb OTHOCHTeJUbHO MOeft SH8HH, MOeft s6flTeJIbH0CTHy B^* 

poaiHO, BceraRH npocrynmii ckbosb HeHCRpeHHee caicozBajiB- 
CTBO, h6o moh co66ciAHHi](ay BOTopafl cjiymajia, bca nacTopo- 
sacB, BHTHHyBB pjTBH H noJuysaKpuBB rjiasa, — B^pyri csa- 
sasa: 

— EaRi» y BacB vb IIeTep6ypri vHoro xypnorol 

— A rxi se ero h%tb?— noauuTB a njie^aMH. 

— Bes;^^, npaBAa?— saxynHBo OTOSBajiacB Oou,— ho sflbcK 
OHO npocTO, H6 Jon^eMipHO, a xani Bce npBKpuro, npHRpameHO, 
a Heavy t^^... Bnpo'ieMi, RaRoe ace n hm^ npaBO cyARTBl SL 
laRaa HeonuTHaa. — H ona cuyrHBinHCB yjcojouia. 

A HH% xoT&iocB BSflTB o6l efl pyHRH H CRasaTB: — CysH HeHfl ^ 

CO BCeft HOeft HSJIOMaHHOCTBlO, CO BCeft HOet HpaBCIBeHHOt JuA- 

ceHBK). Ho, Bi dTO BpeHfl, RaKB HacTOfln^lft cyABfl, HffB jr6cy bu- 
mejii ea otoi^. Ohb BHHMaTejuBHO h crporo BsrjtHHyjTB na HacB 
060HXB. Oh^ BOBBpan^aacfl Cb $0M0ft CHAopoBH^en^B h K>xh- 

MOMB. H OHB, H ynpflBJUUD^lft, H JliCHBRB, HO ROJT&Ha CWOL B'B 

rpflSH, BB CHpocTH. EffBa Osa, yBHA&ia oxx^a, ona 6pocHjacB 
Ri HOHy Ha rpyffB, TOHHOHn^a cnaceniHy nero otb ^ero to, h bo- 
CRJDiRHyjia: 

— nanal MHJmftI HaRonei^-ToI 

— ^TO T£l? ySB H6 MeAB^A^ JIH Ha BaCl BUJEiSB?— pesHHBO 

6e8noROftHO nocuoTp^B ohb HaMOHfl. 

— H^TB, npocTO fl pascRasuBajiB Ojibt^ AnApeeBHi lie- 
Tep6ypri h, RasoTCH, HanynuiB ee nopoRaHH cbro pocdftcKaro 
BaBBJioHa, — oTBixHJiB Aj ycHJieHHO pasAyBaa Rocxepx. 

— IIpeBocxoAHo! IlyrafiTe ee 9Thmb, 6yAy BaMB o^ohb 6ssr 
roAapoHB. fl xoHy, Tro6B ona Bceft Aynioft OTBepHyjiacB otb 
8THXB <ii[eHTpoBB ]VBHJiH8ai](iH>. — H ero oasa CBepRHyjra no- 

JiOSBXeJIBHOfl HeHaBHCTLH), B^pOflTHO RB «I^eHTpaMB»! 

Mena BApyrB hto-to yROoioJio. To^ho AhaP^A CeprioBHTB 

6pOCHJrB Iffli BU30BB. 

— Hy, He Bce-xe xam xaRB AyP^^- Xopomin ^BymRH b 
TaiiB nysHu, RaRB bosa^... fl nojuaraH), nocBfln^axB bcI chjoi 
MOJiOAofl AyiHH Ha xosflflcTBeHHyH) nasHBy, xora 621 h cpoAH a^- 
peBekcRHXB ycjioBlft h bb HOdiH^ecROft npocrori jehshh, ho 

TaRB ySl HCRJUO^HieJIBHO XOpOmO B HpaBCTBeHHO SAOpOBOl 

fl onouHBJicji, yxe CRasaBB aiy ^pasy. JS^oporo 6u a aub> 
"9x0611 BepnyxB ee. AnApeft CepiieBH^B, ohohb 6jrlAHUft, bosotb 



HA. KHfl3B-08Era. 77 

f 

Hsobj on jToujiemB io^6h no aicnoft tohh, crajrb Bspjn 
Heo6iiKHOBeHHO cnoRooHi H cepBeseffb. 9 yse sairiftTEjrb y Hero 
9T0 BHOsanHoe cepBesHoe cnoRoftciBie npH 6jrbfifiocm jiBKa b'b 
lumyTy Kpaflnaro pasApasseHiit. Okvh Kb Tarany c% ^aftHHKOirb, 
OTpisaffB C6($i K0i6acBi h xjoAfia, OTKycusaa KOAJneHHO He6ojiB- 
mie KycoHRH, oinHBaa He6oJiBnile tjiotkh hsx ^aniRH, ohi thxo 
H MipHO BaroBopBjrB: 

— XopomlH siBymra nesjeci nysHH. He coKEriBaiocB. Ha- 
xsBa, npH EasHxi yroxHO ycjioBlarB, He Kosen c^HTaiBCfl nox- 
BHTOiCB. Ho B'B MooiTB JiHiti BH HM^eTe s^o He CI sypHaiH 

CTOITB, KOTOparO Vjijih nponOB^AHBaTB BOJIHROJlinHUH Ben^H H 

BCflRie no/^HTB, ne 8a6oTflCB o Ton, ^ro 6yAerB ci rtioi, kto 
nocju^eTB aroft nponoB^ffi. Bx Moeirb jibkI nepeAx BaMB OTei^. 
Bh Bon so 40 Jkirh bbbojibjih coxpaHBXB saBBXHyio cBo6oAy. 
Moe xe cepsi^e 60J1&10 o6:b dioft xopomeft A^Bynnri^, — ohi 
BApyn HOJiosBJirb pyi^ na roJiOBy Ojih b npoAOJUsajTB, He chb- 
xafl aroft pyRB, — RorAa en^e ona noJisajia na ^erBepenBKax'B. 
S, saAjMUBajicfl neft en^e TorAa b HyBCTBOBani, EaRi cjEeau 
6oa8HH da ea cyAB6y npBJoiBaHxrB Kb mobitb rjiasaH'Bl H botb — 
no vbpi Toro, RaRi ona pocjia— Bsipocaio b bo mh^ oaho ne- 
noCiAHHoe cosHame. 9my xopotuyio dtbeymny a HBRorAa otb 
ce6a AO Moeft CMepTB ne OToyn^. He noABsra a xony a^ Hea, 

a 8A0p0BBa, CnOROflCTBJH HOpMaJlBHOft HpOCTOft 2RB8HB. Bl Ofl 
jAtdk He BAOpOBO B nCBXB^eCRfl, B ^BBBHOCRB 8aCBSBBaTBCa Bl 

X^BymRax'B. HoMHBTe cAHcrapMOHBHecRie neplOAUi y MnxaftJiOB- 
cBaro B'B fBopB6i sa BHAHBBAyajiBHOCTB>? He aojisho 6utb 
XJifl Hen AHcrapMOHB^ecRaro nepiOAa^ Ona cosp'&Jia jiflo. coHeft* 
Hoft ORBBHB, nycTB nojiyiBTB ceft^acB se cbok) coicbk). Ho 8a^b, 
7 MeHfl, 6JHI8B MeHfl, 3% BAopoBuxx, HO Moeny, ycjiOBiHxi. n 
njxb ea A^JUReffB sbtb b paCoiaTB b:b 9TBrB ycJiOBiax'B! Hb- 
KaBofl noABBFB He RynjiK) a Ranjueft ea RpoBB, MBHyToft ea 6e8- 
eoHHBipdf. H HBRyAa ne njinyl Ci neft BABoeiTB mu BosBneirB 
HeaoB^Ra—eft Myaca, mh% aioporo cuna, ho B08BMeMi ce6i, cioAa. 
n OHi 6jffirb BTBWb CHacTaBBi! Mki cb Oaeft py<iaeMca... — H 
saROHHBB'B ary cbok) othob'^ab, rp^hro npnacaBx roaoBRy AO^epn 
6sijsjaioti pyRofl, ohi, totoo ho aceaaa AaaBHiflnuix'B pa8F0B0- 
pOBiy BCxajTB B RpBRByaB HOBeaflTeaBHo: 

— Hy, rocnoAa, na Ronefll aomoAI 

MBHyrB qepesi naxB mbi Bci cHOBa sepxaBB ixaaB Moa^a 
H CucTpo. VnpaBaaion^ift Ciutb HeBOBMyiBirB. Oaa 6a%AHa, AnApeft 
CepiieBB^i e^e 6aiAH'6e. 

7xe npofecaBx cb BepcTy, a BApyrB ho^tb pisRO cnpo- 
CBai: 

— Hj, a OTHOcBTeaBHO cyAB6H Bopnca AnApeeBB^ bu 
sepacBTecB t6xi se BsraaAOBi? 

— BopHCi y Mena OTHaiBl— CRasaa'B OcoRopBHi, nosani 



78 PyCCKOB BOriLTCIBO. 

njreHanH.— 06pa80BaT6Ji&Hiit vniJioirB, cjiiAOBaTejEBHO,— nmHaslJi 
H BHcmee 7He6Hoe saBexeEde Heo6xoxHiiH MysuHi, HHane euj 
TP7A90 npoxHTB. noToirb Kajno-joi, — ny cJioBoirb, a jtosixBWb 
6v[jrh ero en^e ManHHKOK'b ornycniTB bi hjxjv) h npozHBHyio 
MB^ cyTOJiosy... BpoTHBHyio uwb ejofi ci mohx'b rH]CHa8HHecKBZ«b 
H ciyAeHHecKHxi Jiin... Hy, a xo^, cjisiBa Eory, Mosen ocra- 
BaxbCfl 6e8i AHnjuoMa! — H nopoBHABi cbobo jDiomaxb ci JsomsAuo 
Ojra, OHib o6h:uii ffiBymKy sa tailio. 

— PasBi Onra AHApeoBHa He 6mra bi rHMnasiB? — cxipo-- 

CHJTb fl. 

— HsrA^! Hh wb KaKOiTb ofipasoBaTemHoirB napsmci, — 
cmbnuTh sa nee OTeir&.*-Ao 12 jrbn nana nay^BJia ee Bceiiy, 
HTO HSAO sHaTB siBOHRi 8Toro Bospacia; nOTOlTb AO 16 ow 
HHHeMy He ymjiacB, BpoMi 6eciA> co HHOft Hxarepuo, AftzJ^o- 
Domjia cb MaTepBH) no xosaftciBy. BBHOBan, HaTb nayHEJia en^e 
MyauKi^. MysKica vb cemA aenepoirB — nyAHaa Beni(B! A c% 16 
jiin ona nepeHRrau xHoro xopoomxi EHHFb, ROHerao, no Moeiiy 
BH6opy. 

Ojia MOJoraa ixajia, nojiyoCHflraa ontoirb, 6jrlAHaH, cocpwo- 
TOHOHBaji. SL yifonRii. Jlici TopsecTBeHHHft h raxlft BOSBHrnaica 
BORpyn MoryHHHH ctbojuuoi. ^OMa CaAopoBn^b ixaxb xeaepB 

CO HHOft pflAOlVB. n Ji H6B0nH0 HyBCTBOBBJI'B, SaSIb BTOrb ZHT- 

puft BJiaABMlpem Bc%Mi cyn^ecTBOiTb BOCTopraeica TiMi, ^tro 
ero ,xo8JiHHi cnpHOKajn rocnoAHHa neTep6ypjRita», BSAyiiaBiiiaro 
npHBOJiOKHyTBCH sa xoB^ftCRoft AO^KOft. TaicB, no^mi Bce Bpexa 
MOJUHa, MH Aoftxajm ao Apuy* 

Bjihbb OROJonpi ycaA&6H hh Bcrpinjai sennxa. SecioKO 

HCKyCaHHHft KOHapaifH, HCIOHJieHHHft 6e8C0HHHI](eft« KaB!B 6yAio 

ABse noxyA^Binift, ohx Kasajrai xajiKHirb. 

— A^(peft CeprfteBH^! aa^iMi bu Mena ne pasCyAHoal — 
aaBpHHaJsi ohi sajioCHmrb xohoitb. 

— HeBicra nosajiijia. IIopijiyftTe y hoh sa bto pyvy,— 
CRasaji'E OcoKopHHi, cjiisaa cb jioniaAH. ; 

H KOFAa H yBHA^^ aiuH ry6H BHKeHTlA EBjraiinieBHHa, 
npHsanui icb Cxb/giot pyniA, po6RO npoTHHyroft eny cb jio- 
maAH— MHi BApyrB saxortiocB HaA^JnaTE HonpLiTHOCTeft H^roiiy 
OTiQr, H STOMy xeHHxy, h dTony $oir6 Chaopobh^, h Bcet 
dTOft ycaAB6%! 

TBoft B. 



xn. 

4 aBrycTa. 
fl Ai^aiD HenpLiTHociB, }xjpjxMmfi\ 0, RaKi a spexy njtaHam, 
cospiBiiiHMi Bi MHoroyMHoft rojiOBft AHApea CeprteBH^al IIohth 
wbcavb H Vb ero ycaABfii. Mosho cRasaTb naTyparasoBajica vb 



HA XHfl8L-08Bn. 79 

Beft. HisorAa h h0 oshasute, uo osasycB T|tRi> buhocjehbi! 
BixHO, xypHasHCTa, nporaii^eHHaro ^epes'b bcI npejiecra coBpe- 

■OHHOft raseTHOft xiflTeOIBHOCTH,— He H8B6AeniB HHHiU'b) flV Ty- 

^aMH KoiiapOBi, HE jiHnBHUii noAaMH, KOTopue npH KascAon 
marb xBaiaion BacE sa noAOiOBy, tohho ctobophjibcb cb nx'b 
zoBflHEom: AecKaiB cioitb, chav bi CBoeft KoicHui, ne nyciHifE 
KB OjnemRfi. En^ MesAe, OBaaHBaerca, CMyrHniB Hamero Cpaia 
nynocTJiMH CamRH OcoRopna, soTopuft KasAyio * CBo6oAHyio 
mByry npncraen ko Msb ch pasroBopaMH o JiHrepaiypi, o6Ha- 
pysneaa see CBoe Heno6%AHicoe ir&AHOJioCle. 

^a HTO aiol Ha iBoero danjuicHeaijiaro oerepCypsmt hh 
CBOJiBRO ne A^CTsyion hb aTTaKH lezHHRa Bopsca cb bojoith* 
^ecKHilH BonpocaMH, HH xojioAHO CKpusaeMaa sa 6edyKopB8H6HHOio 
vkxsBBocsbio BpaHAeCHOCTB ruBHaro xosaHna ycav^u. IIpaBAa, 
KeHfl noAAepxHBaei'b Kocth FopoxoBi CBoeft KOicaiecKoS He- 

BOdHJTHMOCTBX) aBaHTfOpHCTa-^HJIOCO^^^ H 6e8BOfie^HO Ao6pafl, 

xoTH BceiAa HOJi^anHBafl, Map^a HnBOJiaeBHa, CBoeft lurKOft 
rpycTHoA npHBiTjraBOCTBB)... Aa ne noAAepsHBaei'b jih moha caiia 
0ms?.. Ona noAAaeica mohitb RaBepsaiii oxotho, ho hto y nea 
Ha Kfmi!?.. ]Ifi vh neirb se coctojitb moh RaBepsu h niwh sl 
Bpexy njtanairb ea oma?— BipoaTHO, He 6e8i» HeAoyniHiH 8a- 
AaemBca tu dTHMi BonpocoHi. 

A BHAHiDB, MyApuft MOft QplHieJiB, AHApeft CeprieBEHx sa^cb 
AOHHHBpyeiTB'HaA^ bcImh. Bpata, aajiaBAaBinarocfl 6ed% onpe- 
A&ieHHiixi saHHTift hoith ao 40 jh^tb (nposHBaa HaciriAC^Bo), 

OWb BSflJTB HpaBCTBeHHO 8a mHBOpOTB H, COdulBHHBl B03X0S- 
HOCTBK) CA^JiaTBCfl ^B He MHJUliOHepOMl, DpHHyAU^ HOlderHTB 

oeiaTKH He coBciirB npoRy^eHHux'B cpeACiBi b'b ero nosiccKyK) 
seiiejiBHyK) noBynEy. A sorAa GamRa Bomejui bx dTo ji^o^ owh 
yseei ero b'b ycaAB6y h hohth chjioA ciajTB ToancaiB vh xosaft- 
CTBeHHHfl xjioHOTti. Camsa, HeBpasyicHTejtBHO xjionaa raaaavH, 
Giraen 8a CpatoirB, a Ton to nomjierB ero nafijiioAaTB 8a ohhct- 
KOft ji'Ica, TO sacT^HTB HpHcyTCTBOBaTB HpH flepeifipRi^ Top^- 
HUXB 60JIOTB, TO nocaAHTB sa npoBipsy cejiBCfto-xosaflCTBeHHiix'B 
CTOTOBi. CamRa cyeTca bo- ace 8to, ropAflCB, hto h ohi xoshehb, 
BftpoflTHo, He Hajio nyTaerB h irimaeTB 6paTy, ho HsyxHTejiBHoe 
A&DO, Ha^BHaerB BTarHBaTBca b^ pa6oTy h Roe*HTO cicucjuirB 
BTB Heft. 

TexHHRy BopHcy, CBoeicy cuny, CTapmift Ocoropbh'b o6ih- 
^TiJi^, HTo He CTanerB njraTHTB 8a ero oCyTOHie— Aa«6 h coAep- 
UTB ero, ecjiH ohb jtItoitb,' bo Bpena RaHHRyjrB, ho 6yAerB 

)pBe8H0 HOHOraTB OTIty Wh XOSaflCTBi. ]$ BOTB 3T0TB H)Honia, 

.AcacHo HanoMEHaion^ift arpHBaro ymacTaro h jionacTaro ^eHRa- 
urama, CRa^erB aepxoirB no Aicy, cJiiAHrB 8a jrlcHHRaifH, 
uono^erB orojio ceoiBCRo-xosflftcTBeHHux'B ManiHHB, AEse qsHHTB 

XI, rpeifHrB orpoMHHMH Rjiio^aiai y aifCapoBx, JiasHTB na c%- 



80 PFCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

HOBan ytfixHTBCfl csonRO CBamiBaKyn lyjta h Cepyn orryxa 
ciHa H T. n. 

Map^ HffROJiaeBHa, Boropaa vb ujxb fjmu He ^aen, ■ 
6681 TOFO, no CBORMi HHCiEHRTaiTb, HeyToicmcaH xosaftKa, HytB 
HE He caica aohtb sopoBi. 

RymiAOHa senHxa 6jKjm!di ero xecTE he na miHyiy se 
BunycBaen^En rjiasi. Hec^acrauft BEReHxift EajraEoieBH^'b, 
CTOiiB 6jnicTaienHiift vb ROcnoMaxi ciojuiTOaro nnuora, bh- 
HysaeHi ax^CB hocetb xnEHHHe canoni h paCo^yio Cjiysy, h6o 
Anj^eft Cepr^BEHi to h xIjio nocmiaerb ero na TonRie no- 
KOCH cjiixETB sa pa6oTaHE, vb JiicHHE TonE Cb RaseHHmni 
o^lH^^^eaHE jrtca (oaehx ynacroRi owb npoAajii Ha cpy6i 

KaSHi) CJliXBTb) ^P^KUHO JKH OHE BUCHETUBaiOrb BepmSE ^[10- 

BecHoft TOjm^EHH H t. R. Majlo TOTOi owb sacTaBJiflerb 6%xHaro 
synEXOHa mcetb, cairB ero y^En aTovy, ^mraerb evy utjou 
cejocRO-zoViiAcTBeHHUE jieKitiE, npEHysAaa noBTopaiB exi ceGi, 
"■iTO&b yGfiAETBCfl ycBOEJTb JiE MnxJiEineBETb CECieiry H^HeitRaro 
Moorwirtschaft. H nyiB KynEXOHib npoBperoi, evy 6en najiiitft- 
maro ynpena, ci rbwb se Tepn^HleHi noBTopEion CHoaa ty se 
jreioilK). 

EcjiE npEHflTB wb pasc^erb, nro neciacTHiit pinrareJiBso ho 
BUHocEn HanaAOHlft KOMapoBi, utijiincE Ho^aME ne coetb on 
HExib, yxoxETb cnaTb to bx capaE, to na cisoBaiTB, to na abop'b, 
TO j^KSEB na osepo bx JiosKy (e bco paBHO Harj^ ne cnHTb), 
ecJSE npEHATB BO BHEManie bck) ero Henoffx>TOBKy kb TOicy, ^nro 
cb HEiTB A^^erB Cyxyn^ift ero toctb, npExoxETCfl cosHaTscA — 
jnoCoBB KynEAOfla ri neBicT^, sasxa nooiy^ETB ee bb seniii 
6e8rpaHE^Ha, TaRB owb caMOOTBopseH^, TaRi Tepni^Bi vb 
CBOflxi EcnBTraHiflX'Bt 

A oHa cana, 8Ta CEJiB^EAa sA'IniHEXib ji^cobi, era Hanxa 
KHflSB-Osepa, dTa pocEHRa noesiE b'b Mopi sAimHeft ceoiBCBO- 
xoBflflcTBeHHoft nposK, ona pa6oTaerB npE BcbTb e sa Bcix:b: 
noHoraoTB HaTopE kb HOJiOHHoft, conpoBosAaerB onia, RaRB m 
ysB BEA^^, B'B ero xoaflftcTBeHHHXi o6xi8Aaxi, naxoAETB vb 
CM^Taxi fl c^eTax'B ohieCre e nponycRE, ycRoaB8aion];ie otb po- 
Tosia AflAn, EHorAa saMiHJierB 6paTa npE nplext RoaeHB e Rpe- 
cTifOB'B Ey HaRoneiirB, E 3T0 caMoo TporarejEBHoe, ttoebha^i bi 

SE8HE, TepniJIEBO paffBflCHaeTB SOHEXy TO, HTO OMy TpyAHO 

AaoTCfl wb JioRiaHxib ea OTaa. 

CjlOBOMly 8A$CB BCe TaRl EJIE EHa?e cyoTETca E TpyAETca, 
HanpaBJieHHoe AnApeeHi CeprteBEHOEB, e ohi^ cairB na ^oai 
Bcero aToro i^apETB cboeme HeycTanHUKE HafijnoAemaEE e yRa- 
saniaME, pacnopaseHiaicE, coBiniaHiaicE cb $oko& Geaopobe^omi, 
ROToparo nqrcTpue rAasRE TaKB e CiraiOTB, ho noftMajii Cm ax> 
na ^evB HE6yAB ne b'b Hipy sopRift xosasffB. 

A saAHEiTB HJiaHOMib Bceft .8T(ril RapxEmi cjiysarB HOjraamm^ 



HA EHfl3B-03EFB. > 81 

Bpasxe(!HHe, BAJio pa6oTaK)ii^ie nojA^yRH h cyerJuiBafl cbmla 
eBpeevB, B8HeMoraH)ii^afl bi noiy na^h apeHAOBaHHUicH moi oro- 

H Bon B'b dioft-TO cejiMRO-pa6oHeft aiHoc^pi 6e8A$JCbHH- 
Haem a h Kocta FopoxoBx. He CMOxpa Ha Bci ycHJUH ciap- 
maro OcoKopHsa npHcnoco6HTb h nacx ri^ H8JiK)6jiieHHOMy hki 
xkijf KocTH KynaeiCH, CRaqeii Bepxoin>, 0T6HBafl JiomaAeft orb 
X^a, ozoTjQTCJi, raepHH^aen hjih jsjixsaa ahhkh 'jiejKHn b's 
ravaKi, Ha cini, ffma. CBoeft rpydsoft h3i» «Ba$Jio> n, Kain> 
oiTB yBipflers, pasMunuouiJi o rmfirb Bcero seimoro. Ero dnich 

BCi Jao6iiTb. Oh'B CBOHMH myiBaiCH H ROHHHeCKHMH BUXOARaMH 

»erh McxoKb sasA$ oiAUxa y bc^xi dTHX'b H8pa6oTaBinBxca 
..(H>x6ft. ,3^a»e sffimHift €^6pHOMop:b», RaKL mu ci HBin», rohohho, 
HeMjiy co6oft HasHBaeirL cxapniaro OcoRopsHa— b totb HeoxH- 
;(aHHO RpoTRO yjai6aeTCfl, Ror^a Kocra napoABpyerb ci> neoCH- 
^atHUMi RouBBMOicb $OMy CBKopoBB^a, seHBxa, Aa A^se b 
caHoro €%pHOHopa». Hy, a fl... a ycipaHBaio RaBepsu ^epno- 
Mopy, ycTpaBBaio cosHaiejiBHO ci loft caifoft oTnoBi^AB) ROiopyio 

OH7» MHi CA&iajrb OTHOCBieJIBHO OjIB bo BTOpoft JR6 AGHB MO- 

ero Hpe6uBaHla b'b ycaA^6i, SanBicaioTCfly HanpBMipi, Ojia b 6o- 
pHCib Ha6jiK)AeHlAKB Ha cinoRocb, a BApyrb noHBJiaiocB, pacKJia- 
XHBaiocB Ha c^H^ B Ha^BHaK), no noBOAy ROCitOBi, p'Ihb o pa- 
6cmewb Bonpoci. BopBCi ifOMeHiajiBHO BHcunaerB bck) nyApocTB 
CBoero mROJiBHaro €MapRCH8Ma>« Jl BCTynaio cb hbitb bi npe- 
Bdji, xoTA TU 8HaeniB, tto h h ne cobc^itb HapoAHBBi^; mh ro* 
pfl^BMCH, pasurpuBaetfi bck) raMny nojiBTBRO - dROHOMB^ecRBxi 
pBTypHejueft, AOCiynHHXi pocciftcROft ynan^eftcji hojiioa6JRB b poc- 
ciftCROMy CTapiion^eHy jRypnaflBCTy. Ojih, mBpoRO pacRpHBi rjiasa, 
uymaeTB nacx; rociqi, cIho, rohhh — Bcero aioro to^xto h^tb. 

flBJuercfl ^pHOHop'B. JI^'bByniRa CHyn^ena. Hisno Jiiofiji- 
n^ nana saiiiqaerB, mo ero xosieiflcRoe nopy^enie npeneSpe- 
xeHO, noHTB 8a6uT0. A a, ROBapno BaRpuB'b rjiasa, npBiBopfliocB, 
^rro ApeMHK) na cini^. liana xMypBTCfl, noAOBpiBan, hto xyTB ne 
6wb Koefi RaBepsu, A^aer'B cTporoe, xoth HHRorAa ne rpy6oe 
BHymeHie cuny, b yRopBsneHHO Ranaa roaoBoft, CMOipBrB na 
AO^B. Hjib: RynBAOHT»-seHBX'B, paBxeHTaBnmcB o CBoenx 6yAy- 
mieiTB, HaHBHaerB bo BceycjuumaHie pBCOBaTB ycnixB npaBHJUB- 
Haro &RcnJioaTBpoBaHla Top^a bi noJi^Bi (hjioau JieRitifi ?ep- 

HOMOpa). fl CRpOMHO BlliniBBaiOCB, B806paJRafl RapXBHy JRB8HB 

pas^Bp^eniBxi Ha 9to& dRcnoioaTaAiH RyjiBxypTperepoB'B, pBcyB 
^flrypu BpoAi H^MeiiRaro lUxyMMa (noMHBniB, |a6pBRaHTa-Adny- 
Taia H3i ROBcepnaTopoBi) b oahofo namero npo^copa, bsi bojoi- 
SHX'B yneHux'B ciaBmaro HaeMHBKOMB yrjie-He^Te-npoHuniJieHHH'- 

KOB'B B BBHOTOprOBI^eB'B B T. H. 

KynBAOHB 6e3noMon^HO pacRpHBaen poT-B. C'b oahoA cto- 
|K>Bii, eiry bobc6 ne Ra^Rerca AypHUHi CTaTB noAo6ieMib IIlTyMMa 

Mi. On^n I. 6 



82 P7GGK0E BOFATCTBO. 

BJin TaKoro ynesaro; (tb Kpyroft CTopoHH, rjiasRE ero Hes^cTu 
TaKb HeoAoCpHiejiiBHO CBepsaiorB npH onHcaniH ycnixoBi drarb 
TOCUoj^T>y ^30 flBHO TjTh TTO-TO HO JiiaxHO... H cjryiiiaa cjri^syH)- 
jnjjo JI6BIUH) ^epHOMopa, owb BApyn sijiaerE Bonpoci HaHBEuift, 
HO 6e8noRotHHft: He oCUff^JOTb-jiML yAcnsue ZHrejrH, ecn npii 
noMonpi jULTHineft-BOJiOHHCTOBB f,o6vtbcs TorOy Hero xejuaerB ao- 
6htbca ero toctb? 

— A nycTB Hn OROJi%Baiorb! — BiiptiBaerca HeocToposHoe 
BOCBJiHitaHie y An^tpefl CeprtoBH^a, — na to ohh rjmnnu h 6e8- 
X^^hhkh! 

OiesHSHOy OBI He vb Mipy pasj^axeob TaKHMH rjnynuioi 
BonpocaKH na en^e bi ycTaxi ero yneHSBa. Ero BocKJomaHie 
OLunvaTh Ojia. Ea RpoiRle rjiasa HsjiuieHHO, nnpoKo h ne^ajonbHO 
CMorpfln Ha poxEcreJiH. A h bi aio BpeKH CesDeHHO Be;^ ci 
Eocreft ropoxoBmii Cecily o seHn^HHaxi bi FoHOJiyjiy* €llana> 
BHSHTx BsvjuiXb AOHOpH H no^eMy-TO 6pocaerb Rocoft, nexoBon- 

HUft BSrJlH^Vl Bl MOK) CTOpOHy. IIoXOBplBaen OH^, ITO H TfTB 

MOH HaBopsa, HO a laRfb hobehho BiicjrjfmHBaH) cioBa Koctk o 
HenpiHTHOiTL MycRycHOMi sanaxi TaHT^HORi, tfo %pHOMop% 
TonRO noASKuaen ry6u... 

JI|a, tfHjnift Moft, ttodsiH h nodTH^ecKOft jdoCbh h 
6ojiLme He tonyio. AI Onra AnxpeeBHa, bu xothto 6htb no- 
jiesHuiTB xj[%6Hiarb sjiaROirb na hhb% shshh! ?to-si, saCyxeirB 
nodslH)! Kcranr: xoneniB snaTB pesyji&Tairb bcIxi no^oCHHrb mo- 
Hxi RaBopsi, Rponi, ROHe'iHo, xaftHafo HocreneHHo pocTyniaro 
pasxpaxenlfl ^epnoKopa? Hbbojib, coo6nQr'. OjiBra Ajvq[)eeBHa 
Bce nan^e, yRioHHJiCB nesaii'bTHO on xosflftcTBeHHiixiAijiii^iJipH- 
coexHHJieTCH RO MHi Bi MOHXib yexKHeHHHX'b nporyjocax'B no 
jAcjy HO nojuam, no osepy wb jioxRi. Sapienti sat. 



Tbo» B. 



XIIL 



9 aBrycxa. 

Jljpyi^ Moeft fOHocTH, HKHi Koft Bpan! noKHHHiB cjioBa He- 
RpacoBa TypreneB^, Raseroi? 06pan^aio hxi R'b Te6i. II6o 
Tu, cam Toro ne liOAOspi^Baa, HacTOHH^ft h sjiitniift Moft 
Bparb. CoBiTaMH bi tbooitb nBCBMi Tu TOJiRaemB Henn AftJiBme 
no TOHy nyiH, na Roiopuft h laRB jierRouucJieHHO crynHjn^. Th 
nnmeniB: cCpaBO, sMcTByft, noynaft, npocBin^ati h, bi m^jsjk 
KOHi^oBi, noxnn^aft, ecjni aio yxacrca, ao^ dtoro nojrficcRaro 
RyjuBTypiperepa, B^psrle se RanEiaji'B - Tperepa, n6o tu ^yB- 
cTByemB: Hacapnrb fipaxb GamRH RansrajnicTHHecRoe Moorwirt- 
schaft Ha bthxi HEncRETb Cojuoxaxil 

Bi* nocjr6AHeinb-To lu, BipoaxHO, npaB'B, a Borb othoch- 
lejiBHO nepsaro, to ecTB Moefl pojui b'b cjff/ii OjieHBEH — snaeniB: 



HA KHflSB-OBEPft. 83 « 

Tyn Kasepsa npoTnn MeHfl caxoro bhxoahti^. CoBepmeHHO He- 
oxHxaHHO, HO npecKBopHO. 

JI^tilcTBOBajrB A vb TOWb pox^fc, RaKi» ooHcaji'b Te6'i, AoaoaibHO 
ycninrao. BopRC^b, ii&pityfl yMCTB6HH0 npeKO iraoio, xaKx h na- 
nan, icb irbcTj h He Kib m^tj, najDiTB QHiaTaicH hsi dROHO- 
MTCTOBi. fl HHorxa pasjuiBajECfl coBciwb coJiOBBeiTb Ha Tejfu 
o6ai6eTB6HHHfl, dROHomnecKJlA, coiiiajiBHHfl. OjseHBRa, Bce orape 
pacspuBaa rjiaaa, izpHCJiynmBajiacB Kb RdMb ace BHEMaTe^B- 
ale. Fyjuaaia ona, noBTopaio, co hhoS Bce oxoTHie. A ysi 
KaicHMi f niauoicb noTOjm JiiTHeft» ABJUJicff a bi 8thzt» namnxi 
nporyjuarb t^te k t6te! Ona ace fiojiBme MOJinajia. Ho cJiymajia 
MQHfl, ar& RaKi HyBCTBOsaJTb a — caiymajia. H pyae oh otho- 
<URejaHO xoaaftcTBa BaR'B 6yxio ace 6ojiie onycRajracB. 

— %o 8X0 y Hacb cb Ojieft? — Ao6paAyinHo sairi^TBJia pasi 
<»i[a Map^a HHROJiaeBHa, — ycraen, ^to-jib? npesAO^ CuBajio, 
Kb KOJEOHHOft, Bi RyxHi, Fb HapHHRaxi— 3a Heft, JoAy ciapyxi, 
20 yronarbCfl, a TeaepB... 

— ^ro TenepB?— CAepsaHHo, ho CesnoRoftHo cnpocHjrB ee 

MyXB. 

— ^a HH^ero co6cTBeHHO... npocio, aipojiiHo, ycraen. 

— Oju, tk ycraeniB? — noAHHJTB rjiasa na ao^ OTeii[i, osa- 
(So'iOHHiift nepeHiHoft vb Heft. 

— Hin, nana, fl coBcim ne ycxaio. MaH^^ npocTO, noaa- 
^aiocB. 

H 910 icuoe cyn^ecTBO cb tbrhitb HeBHHHHirb BsruxoirB 

CRpiUO, HTO lOHi BOBCe HO nORBSajlOCB, HIO OCJIH A^O HO Bib 

yoirajiocTH, to bi ^em-TO ApyroHi, iraai acHO BSTJUHyjio vb 
rjiaaa on^a^ nro h, RaRi» Me^HCTO^ejiB, pasapa^annpft Ayioy 
MaprapHiH, roToai Cuji'b paapasHTBca AOMonn^ecREirB cit&xomi. 

— Jl^a, RoneqHO, usb noRasaxocB, — nocnimjia na aupyvy 
jnotoqafl uaxB, jiacROBO rjiaAfl aohb ho rojioBi. 

Crapmift OcoRopHHi BAHMaTejiBHO fnocMOTpiAi Ha oSinrB 
H He npoAOJixajii paaroaopa. 

Ho OHb ce6i na yirb. Oh'b hofo-to BHSHAaerb. TypnerB 
ovb MeHjEt CRopo V8i ycaAB6u, npeA^yBCXByio! Hoaa se ohb 
BApyn OHycTHJTB yAH^a seHHxy. noneiiHory, jipR wb xpn, ohb 
BApyrB ocBofioAHJTB RyHHAOHa on BcirB xosaftCTBeHHUxi xjio- 

HOTB, AaaRO OTB CBOHTB XOaflftCTBOHHUXIi JieRQlft. H OAHaXAU 

BenepoiTB, cpeAH naxplapxajiBHaro ysHHa na ABopi, fojiocom'b 

060JIBCTHTeJIBHOft CHpOHII HpOBOSrJDE&CKJI'B: 

— Ojia H BHReHxift EajoaicnieBHHil — bk, A^ftcTBHTejiBHo, re- 
peal Hypi saxosaftHvukJracB co MHoft. ,3^ aairb k^cai^'b hoji- 
Haro OTAUxa. BHROHTift EBJiaMmesH'TB, yxasHBaftie sa Bameft 
HOBibcToft H 6oi£be HHHero. A^ ^^ 3a6yABTe pasBJieRaxB h nunero 
rocTfl Ilerpa BacHJiBeaH^a. Boiocb, OHib cay^aerB. Bcb m sa- 
BATU. Maciepi Fopoxi (xaRi sa^cb myia nasHBaiorB Rocrio) 

6» 



€4 P7CCK0S BOTATCTBO. 

ycEJieHHo saHHHaercji npeccoBRoft cina (HaMeRi Ha B^^Hoe Jie- 
xxBbe Eoctb), BnpoHeiTB, owb na aro mAwb h ocHOBame: o6%- 
'bxaB'B idpi, ycTaHeniBl 

— HeB^poflXHoI — HeBosHyTHHO corjiacHJica Eocth. 

— Hy TaRi Bon Bacb, BiiReHTift EBiaMnieBHTb, sl npHBO- 
HaH;Qq)OBHBaiOR'bOj[%yxaacHBaTB sa neft, si neipy BacHJiBeBiiHy 
pasBJieKaTB ero,— saROHHSJTB cmcbm niacHO-poEo^yn^iin^ to- 
HOiTB ^epnoMop'B. 

A I KaKOBi? Ho BOo6pa3H, hto Bbimjio h8i» aioft ero hhtphth 
npOTHBi MeHfl. ByRBajiBHo ^aKTH^ecRH Bce lani h CJiynjiocB. 
SeHHXi npHHfljscfl TacRatBCH sa Haira ci Ojieft BcioAy. Ho TaEi 
KaR!b OFb, nec^acTHHft, nonpescHeiry ho cnerb ho'ih on so- 
MapoB'b (Mapjifl Bi oRHax'B on hhxi xano noHorjia, B'b Mosupi 
osasaJiacB ohohb njEoxaa, co6HpaK>TCfl BmmcaTB hs'b Bhjibho), 

TO OHB BCe BpOMfl 6pOAHT:B COHHIlft, a HHOFAa H MKpHO SaCBI- 

naerB bCjihsii hecb, bb jrlcy Bjra bi> jioak^. Ho ffiSRe Kor^a 
owb He CHHTB; OHB, pasHHyBx CJiaroroB^ftHo ycTa, moju^htb, rjia- 
saKH JiK)6yflCB Ojieft, icaKi HoacoTi jiiK)6oBaTBCfl tojibro HKCxas 
BjiK)6jteHHaH Ajnia, a ymaicH cJiymaeTB mok) MyApocTB h jq)etf- 
jierB OTB HBfl, He cicoTpji Ha BecB BOCToprB jnniespiHlfl CBoero 
-npexMeTa! 

A Sy Koria Hanm xy^TU cb Ojieft npeBpaTHJOicB lamncB o6pa- 
soiTB B'B Tpio— CTaiTB oH^o BpacHop'b^ie, emfi rojcocHCxie! H 
BOTB TyrB-To H BUQuia CRBepnafl HCTopia n bobco ho otb ace- 
HHxa, orB iceHA caMoro... Coiy^HJiocB bto B^epa Be^epoiTB, Rata 
pasi nepejTB nojiy^eHieiTB OTB&Ta na Moe nocJiiffHee hhcbho otb 
Te6fl. ynomjiH m bi TpoeicB, TaRB CRasaTB, MaprapsTa, $ay(iri^ 

R Me^ECTO^JIB, B'B JIOAR^ Ha' OSepO RaRl 6h Cb JSibJOM) yAHTB 

puCy. Om h ysHJia. MoJi^aia h yAHJca. MBAJ^onaeBn^B (RcraTH 
Mu ero BB TasHxi npoiyjcRaxx SRcnjioaTHpyeirB, RasB rpe6aa. 
HpexAe, 6e8'B nero, CHBajio^ rpe&B a h npecRBepHO rpe6i. Te- 
vepB xe OHB, C^AHflra, TpyAHTCJi npeAO($pocoBicTHo) MflA^mme- 
BHHB npHRypnyjic'B Ha Ropii^. Ohb tojibro ^to sajiOBajiCA HaicB, 
HTO BCfl icapjifl B'B ero ORHaxi ORasaiacB npofuyToft, TaE'B hto 
AHpu no^fl He saiciTHu, a ROMapii uoryrB bb hhx'b BJieTaTB. 
Ho ceMy oh:b yaci coBciirB hh HHHyTRH ne sacnyjrB 9Ty ho'ib 
H npocHJTB npocTHTB OFO, ocjiH saApeiuieTB. PaAH Bora, ne no- 

AOdpiBSfl HeHH BB 3T0irb ROBapHOlTB HSyB^HeHil! MapJTH: 3T0, 

pasyirleTCH, Kocta FopoxoBB^ owb hotoki mhI cosHajicji: ohb 
roBopHrB, mo y nero opraHiraecRoe OTspan^eme r'b TaRHKB no- 

pOCATaiTB, RaR'B MHAJIHmeBH^B, H yCTpaHBaTB HITB naROCTH — 

eicy HacnaaRAeHie. 9, pasynrbercfl, OT^HTaJTB Kocth) sa secxoROCXB 
KB 6tAH0My Hajouy, ho sHaeniB, ymacHO xotIjib pasi^'i^JiOBaiB 
ero. HTaR:B, seHHxi saApeiuui'B, nentcTa yAHJia, a a^mohb 
ncRycHTOJiB, Bi oCpasi^ TBoero craseTnRa^, roRopHJTB o hobM- 



HA SHfl8B-08Bn, 85 

nmn TeneHiiu^b bi nojomi^ecBOft asoHoidH h b'l pocciftCKoft 
oCn^ecTBeHHoft xhbhh. 

Apyrb Hoft! Tu sHaeniB: raseia Hama MBpHO-fiypsyadHaa, 
xoTfl ci JiH6epajiBH£i]r& orrtHKOirb. H b^ HameS ^efjuasiM— 
KpaftHflH ji^Bafl, — HTO, B'b CMucjrt HacTOflii](aro paxHxasHSKa, ao- 
craiOHHO en^e npaBaa. nHmy & vb raserft 060 MHoroirb, craiBH 
MOH CHHTaioiCA pexaRAloHHiiiai H noaiOMy H^yn 6e8'b noAiucH. 
G^A^mb, HaKaTaemB, bi ly jl6 ho^ OTnenaTaion, h npeAOBo- 
jieHi. IlapeHB a leciHBft, BpaxL HHKorAa He Bpy, h6 AOciaroHHo jih 
paafiHpaiDCB vh loicb, ^ro iminy, h AOCiaTOHHO jm flCHUzi onpe- 
A'iJieHHiizi MHifilft A^pxycB? eABa-jml HasHia AOJiroft raseiHoft 
pa6oToft npHBu^Ea sOHTJonpoBaTB, kohohho, cb Bosxosnoft npaB- 

CTBeHHOfl OnpflTHOCTBK), ofin^eCTBeHmilCH H HHJOMH BOnpocaMH. 

3a6oTHrb ne ctojibko to, B'b ^en HCiHHa— arorb muiaTOBCKlft 
Bonpoci, a KBKb 6N He npoBpaTbca Tara, vo6h rocnoAa H8i 
SPJTOTO JorrepaaTpHaro Jiarepa ne nofiifajDEi. VL HHmemb HHorAa 
HCspeHHo, ropHHO yBJieKmHCb b% AannyK) lorayTy ociHHBmeiD ro- 
jiOBy HAeeft; ho CBJisaHarjai ara HAea co Bctirb tbohmi yM- 
GTBeHHo-HpaBCTBeHHinrb HyTpoiTb, Aaxe h ne saAyvaenibca. 

HaniBaa cboh cHAeftHiUi apin Oji%« sl cnepBa A^ftcTBOBajTb 
B'b Towb xe poA^, TOUKO TjTb uoffioffiiunL KeHfl He craxbH 
eAHHOimniJieHHiiKOB^ ejeh hpothbhhkobti, a mjaie rjiasa, xHinb 
osepa hjih aiica h xaxAa ne ctojibro <npocBiTHTb», Rasfb tu 
BupaxaembCJi, crojibko cnoxHXHTbi moio lonyio cJnymaTejEbHHiQ^ 
(noxHTHTb noKa en^e He B'b 6yRBaji£H0irb cmhcjA, a bi> yMCTBOH- 
HOiTb, HpaBCTBeHHoiTb— saBJEaA'^Tb ea BHEManieirb, ea Aymoft). 
Ho BOTb xyrb-TO HHorAa roBopHmb, roBopsmb, cHOTpimb Bb 
an B^BBaK)D^acH B'b tq6sl iohhh seHCKiH ohh — h BApyrb CTa- 
Hen Kaxi-TO hojiobko. Towo hsi 9nai> oneft kto to Ha htho- 
BeHle BiiTJUHen h moHHerb Te6i: Aa npaBAS -oh to> hto th 
roBopHmb? RopeHHHiTb-TO odpasoiTb j6ixjsfiWb jui m bi tomi, 
^TO roBopnmb? He yBJieKca jih th AftHHOft (uynaAHO npHmeAmeft 
ffb rojiOBy BABel? He noemb-JiH cojiOBbeirb tojibko norony, hto 
TpeoiH KpacHBu, a bx cynpocTH... 

%o B'b cynpocTH? BApyrb touo Bcnyraembca aToft cyn^- 
Hocni, BOTopoft TOJKKOirb, Hoxerb 6uib, h ho cosHaemb. JI|a, 
6parbl nponoBiAupftTb mjioiiy anBOHy ^ejnoB^i^y HbH rjiasa 
TaKb npaMO vb jnopb h CHOTparb na Te6a, ne coBciirb to, hto 
utioft sy^ HBTareJieft, r;i^ to Tairb, b% HeHSBicTHOirb a^ck^! 
Ho CMyTHmbca HaMTHOBenle, HOAyHaemb, ne hoahocth senpo- 
HOBlAyomb — TOJibKO He coBciifb yB'IpeH'b B'b tomi, ^to roBopHmb. 
06oApHnn> TaKi ce6H, Aft h saJibembCfl ohatb. 

TaR'b H Ha dTorb pasi na osepi. JIpHHiBOifb Hoeft nicHH 
Ha aroTb pasi 6ujio ocnapeBanbe ToJiCToro cb tohrh sptnia 
ny6jiHi(HCT0B:b GO-xi roAOBi. Mh^ Rasajiocb, ^0 a jAHBHTeJibHO 
saKOH^ji'b MOH) apiK) caoBaMH: 



86 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

fjlla, TOJDECTOBCTBO droEBiTB onpon^eHifl, E TO, H6My y^EHJUH ri 
jooAE,— HCTHHHaa JooGoBB KB HspoAy, HHorxa neccHMHCTiraecKH 
0Kp»m6HHafl, HO Bcerxa HAeajiHcnraecKH HeyuoHHafll^ 

CRasaBi dTO, a yHOJiRi. GjiyniaTejDiHHifa moa Monajta. ^e- 
HHX'b M TKZO cnan cb ysHBHrenHO kpotkhitb Bflxoicb. H osepo 
Kojnajio. yse TemAjio*.. Tpocthbrh ^B-nyrb meErajoicb. Ha 
wasiKb uexMj flHTapHO-jnjioBHMH oCjiaKaia lutrso ropijia 
yseHUcaA nojEOCsa sojiOTHCiaro sasaTa. Bee Ciuio nopaBHrejOHO 
THxo. H BQ>yrb pas^uicfl Tasoft xe THxift, raxlft rojioci. 

— KasB ze BH HexaBHO roBopHJiH, ^rro BBTJUffi aiHTB*.. aa- 
naxHHKOBB HTO-JDi, TOURo naccHBHoe KaSHHeTHoe Bupaseme 
co6cTBeHHoft (kuni, JBaxocn rb napoxy.*. h bb btomb amcii 
Toxe droBCTBmiu... 

Ojui CRasajra aro lavB po6RO, to^ho cava nyraxacB cbohxb 

CJIOBB. H OfinepB... ^, A rOBOpHJHb 310, H dTO, ROHeVO, He JIH- 

meHO npaBffi... ho rxi se bca npasAa? Bb neicb se a to y6i* 

SAOHB, RBRB BB HaCTOBn^eiCB 06meCTBeHH01CB aiBTpyHSifi?.. SI 

6uffh a^^pauHpoBaHB ff> Toro, teo ffixie ho nocrapaicfl BHBep- 

HyTBCfl. A VkXb M03RH0 6iU[0 6h. 

— SaBpaxcfl a ho mhofo, rojEyCyniRa,— B;Q)yrB po6RO h thzo^ 
noTOR RBRB ona, CRasajTb a, bbbbb ea pyRy... 

— Tor^a hjih cettHacB?— cb rpycrnoft HacroftHHBOCTBio cnpo- 
CHJia Ojia, He OTHHMaa CBoeft pyRH, h ^o^o-to ohohb rpycTHoe 
flocJiuniajiocB mh^ bb ea rojioci. 

— PiimHTe caHHl— CRasajTB a rayxo. 

— Xopomo, — aaj^ymsBO otb^thu 09a, hotokb ocTopoacHO 
BUriyBB pyRy hbb Moeft, CesmyiCHO Bsaaa Becaa. 

— ^TO Bu zothto x^aTB?— cnpocHaB a. 

— H 6y;^ rpecTH,— CRasaaa ona. — Ilopa fpuot. BuceHxlft 
EBaamiifBHHB TaRB xopomo cxihtb. noacorpHTe, RaRoe y nero 
Xo6poe jnsno bo cHi! — ^H ona na^aaa thxo SBHraTB Becaaiaiy 
ToiHo 6oacB pasCyxHTB myHOMB MflAiEmeBH^a. 

— OaBra AsnpeeBHa! IIosBoaBTe, a,— npoTanyaB 6iuio a 
pyRH RB BecaaMB. 

— HiTB, H!6tb! voA xoHOTca pa6oTaTB, paSoTaTB, nacroft- 
^HBO CRasaaa ona h Moana, bb noaHoft tmhih^, — h a MoanaaB^ 
RBRB* y6HTHft,— npoAoasaaa i^th... 

IIoHHMaeniB th? Hy, ecaH a dTaRB nacTO 6yxy €HpoBHpaTBca> 
nepexB nefll? A th HHinemB, noynaft, npocB^iitaftt A? 

TboA B. 



XIV. 

11 aBrycxa. 
CeroAHa, jtpyxaanej Hpoaaomao neCsBaaoe xo ckzb nopB: 
CoaBmoft n sHauTeaBHuft pasroBopB y Kena cb Map^ft Hhro-^ 



HA KHaSB-OdEPB. 87 

janeBHOft. 51 yse Te6% nncajirb, tto aia aseHn^HHa Bce BpeKfl ox- 

HOOITCfl RO KEA CHimaTB^EO B npHB^TJIHBO. Ho OHE TBRl OIHO- 

CHTCfl BO Bcixb. Bi OAHOirb Hsi nepBuxi miceicb kohx'b Te6'i 

OTCH)Aa ynOMHBaJTb a H O CTpaHHOlfE 6e8IIOKOftCTBi, BOTopoe 

TasTca rxi-TO rjoyfioKO b'b ea ycxajiOHiH, noBEjifSM.oujj JuacKOBo 
TExoMi BSTJDtflsi, laBica H HHEOFAa HO HOTesaeTB. 3to 6e3no- 
EoficTBO ea B8rjia;Qi j^buo uesA nHTpEroBajio. 

OiHOineHia ea h Myxa Bcerxa JiacKOBU, nojimi BHHicaHia 
xpyrb Bi^ XPyry, poBHJu. Ji^iiRy oco66hho Ojia, HOcoicHiHHo ro- 
paHO jno&an ee, Bcit B:b Heft no^THTaoBHu, xoia npasAy CKa- 
saTB, Kaic^b Cyxio HeiiHoro safiuBaton o ea KOJiHanHBOirb cyiii[e- 
CTBOBaalH, norpyxeHHOH'b HCBJuoHHTeoiBHO bi AonaniHee xosaft- 
CTBO H B'b 8a6oiu BEycaxi H yxoCcTfiaxi iryoBa, xiieft, poA- 
Huxx H rociefl. Korxa obojio nea myxan, pa8roBapHBaK)rb, cno- 
paxi, oaa nyrBO npHCJiynniBaeTca, h CeanoBOftcTBO B!b raasaxi 
ea HHorxa BospacSiaerb, ho ona HHBorxa ne oisoBeica caoBe^icoirb, 
canoe GojDbmee, hto cA&iaen, npHBaeneii bb ce6i Ojdiio nmn 
cuHa B Bxpyn cpexH pasroBopa noitiuiyei:b hjiii normffSTb Hx^ 

rOJEOBU. 

fl, HcspeHHO roBopa, a&bho yse pinuurb, ^i!0 oaa mjiaa 
WMa, saCoTJOiBaa xosaftsa, sisma KaiL, ho Bpaftne orpaHHHen- 
Haji xeBspHa. Jifi o neft, BpoMi Ojib, nyrB jsb ho bc^ xaBi 
Ayiiai(>rB. Myjsi a ne roBopio. Oh'b :^o juoChtb ee. Ho 
cuH'B, HaiipflMipi», dTorb jiarami-TexHBBi, OTHOCBica nyiB ho 

CHBCXOXBTeJIBHO B'B MaiepB. 

CeroAHa b% noJiAeHB, nocjc6 saBrpaBa, sa laftnuirb ctojioitb 
a ocraaca baboomi (tb Map^ft HsBoaaeBHoft. Bd nysuHu ynuiii 
Ha osepo CTpiaaiB jtokb. Hx^ Bcixi BHesaHHO yBJieBi, hojib- 
syacB fioaie cboCoahhm'b ho xosaftcTBy ahoitb, Kocxa — JUo6HTeai^ 
oxofH. Oax) oievB nosBajn cb coQoft nocMorpiTB cxpia^y. 9 
se oxBaeaxca otb BomiaHiB. 

fl Bxopoft AOHB HpaneffB. Ilocjrt OHBcaHBaro mhoio b% npe- 
WKSm&M!b HHCBifi, Ojia BaBB 6yAxo BsC&'aen Meaa, na^BHaexi 
Aase JBBHyTB bb xennxy. Fayno, ho, cosHaiocBy exo nena pas- 
ApasaexB. KoBexcrso jib axo, bjib pesyjoiBxarB xoro, hxo a xorAa 
«apoBpaxca»— Bce paBHo axo Mena nynaexi^. Jifi^ CBopie My- 
^aerB, ^iia^ pasApasaerB... H noxq^ y Heaa Bce sByuxr^ bi 
^ ymarB: HOCMOxpBxe, BaBoe y sero Ao6poe onmo! Hy b nycxB 

BOSBXCa Cb 8XBMI AO^pHlTB JIIBAOHll AbOCB, CBOpO HaAO^CXB. CaO- 

iujtb, a caersa CyABpoBaa'B b ocxaaca cba^xb cb Map^oft Hb- 
ioaaeBHofl. 

7caAB6a onycxixa. KpoMi Kena ci Heft,HBBoro ne 6hjio bo 

ceiTB otiniBpHOMi> ABopi.* H^oxopoe Bpeiia mu HonaxB. IIo- 

'>irB Bf$jn coBepmeHHO HeosBAaHHO a^ Hena caMoro y Keaa, 

"B npoAOJDBeme Moero CyABpyioniaio Hacxpoenia, BupBaxocB: 

- Map^aHBBOxaeBHa, bh aoboxbhh BH6opoirB Bameft Ao^epB? 



88 PyCGROE BOriTOTBO. 

Ona KaK'B to CTpasHO saicjirajia h HarsyjEa rooiOBy, Cjato 
CTapaacB ysjiOHHTBca on HeoaHgaHHaro yjCipa. 

— Bu6opoirb seHHxa? — nepecnpocHJia OHa, HaKOHei^'B. 

— Hy, Aft) BHBeHTifl EBJuaimieBna! — oxpisaJi'b a cb npo- 

HneCKOft nOHTHTeJKBHOCTbK) Kb dlOMy HMeHH. 

— Owb npocTofl HenoviKb. 9 dXHicB AOBOJOHa, — cRasajia 
MaxB Ojih. 

—- He cjoiiiisoirb jih npocioft? — jiaobhto cnpocHJTB a. 

— A xoTB H cjuniKOirb, 6iAu H^rbl — rpycTHO, ho cnosoftHO 
CRasana osa. Ho ^epeai HHHyiy juhdio oh saspacHijiocB, raiasa 
BcnuxHyjiH, H OHa npH6aBHJ[a: — 6yAB 9io je^tb naTB HaisaA^, a 
6ujia ^u HHoro nn^Hla. 

— noTOMy? ^TO npoHSonuio b^ 9TH naiB jAtb, — yAH- 
BHJica a. 

— XoiHTe nocJiymaTB HcnoB^A^ ciapyxB? — AOfipoAynmo 
yjoi^HyoracB Map^a HHKOJiaeBHa. 

— HosajiyftCTa,— BSMOJnunca a, — noxajiyftcTa! 

— PascKasy a Ban isjbjijjo HCTopiio. HaaHe bh Mona ae 
noftxere, thxo h saAyM^flBO aa^ajia oaa. — PoAHJiacB a, Tosy6^isKh 

MOft, Bl ABOpaaCROfl C6KB% CTapHHflOfl| TpaAHIfiOHHOft, XOTa H 

CiAHOBaToft. y^HJiacB a h BocaHxaaa b^b Ghojebhoitb, no npo- 
TORKin. KoH^Haa ch nu^poicB. EABa ROH^RJia, BcrpiTKua y diDqa 
AHApea CeprtoBH^a— ffyaca. Owb 6ajrb TorAa iopncROHcyjiiBToiCB 
ynpesAema, rA'6 cayacHJii oxei^. IIoiiiofiBJiH loi Apyr'B xpjn. 
PoARTOJiH HHHero He ^BH^ara npoTHBi». IIoseHSjaiCB. Yctpohjtb 
KOHa AHApeft CeprioBHH'B bi HameirB rHisAumRi. PoAHTeaa moh 
BCRopi yxepjui. Poahjqicb y Mena BopHCB, noroui Oaa. Ymaa a 
Bca wb HaiKxroRi-A^Teft. Tiit^ 6oJiie, hto AHApeft BApyn no- 
HeMiHHJTB npo^ecciK), yBaeRca cejiBCRO-xosaftCTBeHHmra, seifejiB- 
pHKH H noAo6H£uai BonpocaiiH. HanajTB RoaecHiB no PocdH. fl 
ci peeaieHRaicH cHA^a y ce6a b'b yrjry bi HeTepCypri, hs- 
piAKa BHAS^a HaitsacaBaiaro MyjKa, nojiyHaJia orB nero MHJma 
nncBica, AeHBrn Ha shshb h hh o ^oitb ho saSoxHJiacB^ Rpoiift 
A^xeft. HAeajincxRa a Ciuia xorAa cxpamHaa. O^oxasa Typre- 
HOBa, SCopxB-SaHA'B, A^se dxena Gio, HHxajia aarjiiftCRie po- 
iiaHu B'B ceMeftHux'B jRypHanaxB h npeACxaBaajia ce6i viph 
xenjniicB yroaRoncB a^ xopopinxi JtioAefl. MejsAy xiirB BopacB 
noApocB, Ha^ajTB ORaHHHBaxB rnMHasiio. yac'B cb nexBepxaro 
Ruacca oHi bhochjtb hxo-xo ^SAoe nameiiy yrojiRy. Cxaaa a^ 
npHFJiaAUBaxBca, npncjtyniHBaxBca Kb ero pascyaRAeHiaK'B, sa- 
rjnaAH^axB bi rhhth, RoxopBia om> fipaji'B y xoBapsmieft. fl, KaR^ 
HAeajmcxRa, A^psajsacB MH^Hia, hxo ho^h B8pocjuiui> j^xaiCB 
H6 cjid^Ayen sanpen^ixB xo hjui APyn>e ^nxaxB; a aaxo snaRO- 
MBXBca Cb ThKb, Hxo ofiH HHxaioxi>, H ocnapHBaxB, ecJTH dTo Ayp- 
Hoe. Boxi H cxajia a sHaROMBXBca cb x^mx, hxo HHxaen* HOft 
EopBci.*. a 3X0 611J11— Sojua, Monaccani, FoHRypu, CojiBmeiD 



i* 



HA KHfl3B 03EP«. 89 

HECTBio noAo6Hue poifaHH... H bic^cto Toro, «o6n ocnapHBaTB 
9TH RHHTH Bi loAfliH CHHa, H BKpjrb KSRi TO BCfl Hcnyrajiacb... 
KaR'B aio Bi TOiTb idpi, i7($ a shbj, bi Moeirb BoxBeicb idpi— 
TaBoe, TaR06?I. A nmnyrb Tasi yCiAHiejiBHo, TaB'b xbbo... H 
Banajia a. BCKaTpHBaxLca bi> shshb... bb shshb Bopn, mypHHa 
AieKcaHspa Cepr^BHHa, kbjkb b'h xhshb Mysa...— Map^a Hh- 
KOJiaeBBa B^yrb saimyjiacB. 

— H? — noo]iQ)Hjrb a ee octopoxHO. 

— n noHjBCTBOBajia, — coBdbm> rjiyxo npoxojixajia OHa, 
HTO Bi yssscEhOb KHflraxi XHoro npaB^iu. He ysnajra. He bh- 
cjilflBJEra Bce 9to bi 2ch3HH, a no ]^KOTopiiM'B cjiyHafliTB, nep- 
TOHRam, cjioBeHRaM'B, cpe^E Cjdiskhxi, cpe^H caimx'B 6jiH8KRrEi 
JDOxeft, noHyBCTBOBajBfa, mieHHO no^yacTBOBaJia^ hto h BOKpyn 
KeHfl K jiasb, H pasBparB h... Hy, bu neHfl noHJura? — pteKO 
o6opBajia ona. 

— IIoHflji's, — noHTH Hecjiunrao OTOSBaicfl s. OrpaHHo. Mni 
noRasajiocE, ^to a KpacH^K). Tohho ciivcb raxoft Boaraoft hoahh- 
Kaeicfl BO MHJ^. ToHHO fl caxi ynacTHiiKi Tot ysacHOft Aift- 
CTBHTejuBHOCTH, RaicyH) cno^BCTBOBajia» era seniotBHa BORpyrb 
ce6a, Bcero naiB Jiin HasaxB. 

* A OHa THXO npoAOJisajia: 

— IlflTB-TO jArb HasajTb H-6ii Menrajia Axa Ojiz o Bepcene* 
Burb, nHcapoBuxx, A^se PysHHsxi, sa, tsase PyAHHiixi, o 
RaRHXB HHtfyAb sopssaHAOBCRHTb Es&dJCb, FioreHeHaxi... a xe- 
nepB noHajra, ^no hxi Hirb... A Measly t^mh rto eci&... HHROMy- 
HHBOHy He OTxam 6u a Ojih 6evb Coashh sa ea Aymy, roto- 
pyio a JieaiaJia bi laROft nscroii... HHBOMyl — hohth npocTo, 
nana Map^a HHROJuaeBHa.— Ho HHROvy HejiBsa, — npoAOJURaia 
OHa KasB - TO CesHftAexHO, ycxaio, — a caica, aecTaRH, snaaa 
CHacTbe BB jqo6bh xyxa h KaxepHHCTBa, OTHaTB 3to y Moeft a^- 
BoqRH?.. H'Irb, H^rb... SL nonajia seoiaHie AHApea: ohi jdoChtb 
Ojho, nosaxyft, enie CoJUBme, riwh a— Butipaxb <npocioro> ^e- 
jiofflRa, Aynioft, ROHeuOy npocroro, a ne MysHRa, ne onpocT^- 
jiaro, CA'iaaTB Bce, hto6h ohb noHpasHJica Oai, ycaAHT& Hrb 
Ha seMJiH), vb rjKymB, nycTB, pa6oTaiorL... BAajm, BAaJiH otb Bcero 
8T0F0... Hy, Bii noHHMaeTe?. A y BHReHTLt EBJuannieBH^a A&3Re 
HeAocTaxRH-TO AiTcpie: noRymaTB^ JDo6Hrb,noxBacTaTB... — HeoxH- 

,aHHO saROH^EJia Ao6paa xennyiHa axHirb crpaHnmni naHBHmi'b 
[enipHROirb soHHxy. 

— Bh yBipoHH, HTO y Hero nirb Aypnaxi CTopoffb repoeBi 
MonaccaHa?— nycTHjn a sii^HHuft nrani. 

— AHApeft SHaerb, hto Hirb. Mu b^a^ awho sHaROMH ci 
ceMbeft BBReHTia EBJuaKnieBH^a. PefienROirb emfi snaJiH ero... 
AHApeft AABHO sa HHirb Ha6jiK)Aaerb. Eme rofae hh o RaRoft 
jceHHTb6i pliH He 6hjio. XoTa ohb aanoCjieH'b vb Ojoo nyTb ne 
Cb 15 jrlrb.*. 



90 P7CCS0K fiOFATCTBO. 

— Hy, a Ojoui?^rjiyxo BupBajiocB y Hesfl. 

— nycTB joyHine h ho JioGjm poaasnecRH... Memme cipa- 
AaTB 6yxeni— OTOSBajiacb AporHyBmim rojiocoirb Map<j^a Hhbo- 
jiaeBHa. 

— SHanm, bu BceiaKH npHdHaere bosmoshoctb cipaxaHift 
AJna nea h sa diHirb cnpocTuinb ^eoiOBisom*? — ddM!bTEM% a. 

— Axi! f» BIO ace jiaicL seEnqmaiTL xacrb ansBb coBcin 
668:b cTpaAamft! — cb KaRoft-m ^arajiHCTHHecBoft CeaHiu^eacHOCTbH) 
BSAOXHyjia naiB Oju. 

OrpaHHoe rpycxHoe MOJnaHie boshhkjio Moany HaicH. Taoft 
craaeruirBi, y aoroparo HeaBaa OTpai^aTB aaiHTOOCTH aauaa, 
Aociaiouo bien penda, — ae Hameaca he caoaa 6oadbe CRaaaTi.. 

~ BHAare-aa, roayCHHKi*, npa6aBEaa Map^a HaicoaaeBHa 
HeoaoAaaao, to^ho onacaacB, qxo a ae coBc&irb noaaai,— niirb 
npon^e ffyma, noHaaaerey npon^e — rbm a JiK)6oBb ea Taepse, 
HaxeacB^. Hy Bon, mu a zoiairb jtaiB Oai vb ujxb npocryio 
Ayoiy, Aa a ea fymj cozpaaarB bi npocrort... Oxi^ ToabEO 
yxacTca-aa? He uoKb KoanaaoirB auiBeirbi — Bsxozayaa Map^ Ha- 
KoaaeBaa a, scraBi co ciyaa^ caasaaa:— ay Cyserb o6i> aroirb. 
Ilopa a u6 xosatcTay nozaoaoraTb. A bh OTxoxayTb, Bipoaiao, 
noflxere? 

is. oaa noeaiaiao ymaa. 

Aa, yx^Tca-aa? , ^[('IflcTBHxeabao, ae noAi* KoanaKoirb! — 
Ayifaa'b a, noaypo caAa oabbi cpeAa aycroro ABopa aepeAi 
yracmairb caaoBapoMi. A ai cya](B0CTB oaa, noauuiyjS, npasia... 
npaBi-aa Bon a, CMyn^ui jobjjo apociyK) Ayiny h Biapaacb 
MesAy Hea) a Apyroft apocioft Ajmofl— a,,a, ae fiesrplniaiift bi 
MoaaccaaoBn^aai, Aa h aaao aa a^b nexi*?.. 

jO^oaro aeaoABBURBO caA^^ a. IIoToirb aomeai* a aanacaJTb 
re6b aro nacbHO. Taoft B. 



XY. 

16 ABTjcTa. 

H'bcKoabBo AHeft npomao 6effb acaaaxi npaaaK)HeBift. Oabo 
HecoMHiBao: au ci Oaeft cTopoaaMca Apyn APyra. fl — onoro, 
HTO pasroBopi cb ea aaiepbio npoasaeai aa aeaa ropasAo 6oabmee 
Bne^aTaiaie, ^in a cairb oxaAaatb ceft'iaci aocai dioro pas-^ 
roBopa. 'W 

S. ciaai BBBMaTeabEO nparjiaAttBaxbca Kb MaAaameBB'ij, 
a Mai aaoFAa AyaaeTca, hto a curaai ero rayafte, aomiie, ^tbib 
owb 9T0 sacaysaaaerb. A aaorAa... aaorAa aaoCopon: owbmb 
RaaseTca laaaicb aeacnpaBaimirb aAioioirb, aaaairB aaaorAa ae 
Rasaaca. Ho a noaaaaK) — a Bjnocb aa aero! H peBaya)! 

Kaai BTO aa rayno, a Aoaxeai npasaarbca: paaaoBicie ai 
OTaomeala k% OjA a aceaaxy a ORoanaieabBO yrpaiaai; aoft 



HA &HfldB-03BPfi. 91 

<caMoaHaj[H8i» — 8to iioe Aparoi^iHHiftfflee cboActbo, Bce en^e 
xyauKHn vb Moeft Tonovb, ho xfxxMn yse, san fiescflJiBHiift 
BoicaiTb Hajcb rjiyxHMi yxom. dson caMoasajuiBi csyxBTb wsi 
TonepB jramb a^a Toro, tto^h yciaHOBHiB ^aicrb noiepH ][jmeB-- 
Haro paBHOB'fecifl. fl to nepenojEsaiocB khcjiocjw(kbi£i caiiooTpe- 
TOHlem, roTOB'b BOSJioasBTB Ha rjiaBU aROHHxa h Hesicxfii co6ctb6H- 
Hopynno BiHipi-*AecKaTb Cysbie c^acTJiHBU, npociufl athih, a 
cxosy cb Bameft Aoponi; to ajurocB, peBHyio, nepBHEnaio, co6h- 

paiOCB OKOHHaTeJTBHO O&baCHIITbCfl CB OjU^rOft AB)Q)eeBHOft. 

EaxB otiiiiCHHTbCfl? IIpeAnosHiB eft pysy h cepAi]i6? Hjih 

TOJDUK) OXrOBOpHTB 66 OSOHHaiOJIBHO OTb 6paKa Cb SynHAOHOlTb? 

Hjih tojubko AOKaaaxB, vo h y uoha 6ctb TBepffui, iicao cosnaH- 
wuL y6i2BAeHlfl, h ocjih a cnpoBHpaiocBi, to jshib cjiy^aftno, 
BCJri^ACTBio lapsQS linguae? IIoqevB ii snaiD, hto hsi Bcero dToro 
ii xo^ cAiJLdXb? 

OxHO H HJBCTBJIO: 60K)CB dTOFO ofiBflCHeHlH CB Heft— 60H)CB 

Bcero: h tofo, tto oHa oCbjeibhtb: juoCjiio, tboa! h xoro, ^to 
OHa lOJiBKO oTBeprHOTB cnpocryK) A7niy», h Toro, hto bo Bpeiu 
oeBflCHemH cJiyHHTCJi RaBOft HB6yxB HOBuft npoKJUTHft lapsus 
linguae. JfaDCjoo-jra a ee b'b cyn^ocTH) Sd^ffisdy 6paTB, Hafconei^'B) 
C66i H dTOTB RapxHHajiBHuft BoiipocB. He no9XHHecBoe-JiH ^aHxa- 
sepcTBO craparo xojsocTHRa, y ROToparo sacHyBmlH crpyHHAyniB 
saryxim noKb Beo6mBma Bae^aTjri^HkicH, bch hoji jiio6obb 
KB dioMy louoHy iOHOHy cyn^ecTBy) He npocroe-oiH HHaMOHHoe 
conepHBHecTBO cb Aofipoxynmo-HaHBHoft, KB^Tyn^eft nonuocTBK) bb 
iHil-6 Kymrxona? Si, 6paTB, Bce noaycKaio. Bce boskosrho. Gaifo- 

aHaJIHSl MOfty HOBTOpJUO, He CHHIB. 

Ho, AonyCKaa see, h saxaio *ce6i h axoTB HH^epnajiBHfiift bo- 
npocB: a ecjoi bb cavoirB gbitb juoGhhib... naKB uiBorjaia, xbbho 
AasHO juofiHJTB OAHy noKOftHHi](y7 H TyTB, Apyauuqe, KOHitfii naiiB- 
iteBB HaHBHaroxB y iceHA xoJioxiTB, yrjm ry6B nepecKxaioTB. h 
a BQ)yrB TasB npumnaio bb npoRJuiTOiiy, JoniKOtfy djijkmaBKj 
nojty, ^0 RaseTCfl, h ho orxepycB otb nero HHsorAa. H h ffi- 
jiaio oTqaflHHoe ycHJde, OTXHpaiocB otb nojia, KaKB cyMacmexmift, 
y6traio bb nojie, bb jAcb, maraio no CoJioiaiiB, nyraio kbjrb 
HeBOBMyTBMHXB . BHCTOBB. Ho HO BfeorAa yxaoTCfl yftiH Heaairt- 

^e&HHMBl 

TpexBAro XHa> nanpHiiipB, oxoxpaxcfl a TaKHUB o5pa80MB 
OTb nojia BB Moeft ROimaTi, bucro^hjib na RpuoBKo cb JsjbjLhio 

TSOb OAHHORO BB cmnpORO-niyHHUA X7^paBiI» H HBTKHyJiCA Ha 

jjjo ROMnaHiK). Kocta cb Tpy6K0ft CBfjbjrb BepxoMB hb nepH- 
Cb. Ou Ha CTyneuBRi oxCHpajia bb Tapejsy hbb jiyRomRa 

^JPI. A Ha CRaMBHXB— BAOJIB nepHJIIB Ha RpWIBI^ ffii CRaMBH— 

3C^ajra Anxpeft GeprieBH^B h cbjuoiohehrb. 
Boo6pa9H, AO RBROft rjsynocTH o^yn^eHlft a AomeorB. CBan^eH- 
a M AO CHXB nopB BB yawCi hh pasy ne BHAaoB. H BApyn 



92 pyCCROB BOFATCTBO. 

HeHfl odHBJio— ysi He Ha c^en-jra B^H^aHk sssBaHB CatiomRa? 
& no^yBCTBOBajTb, ^to CsAnwbso^ h ffiXi% Ras^B 6y^o 6oiiCB ynacn 
OTT> BOjmeHiii, cxBaxEJicfl pysoft sa nepHJia. 

— A BOTbj 6aTiomKa, h naorb neiopSyprcicUl foctb, IIeip*E 
BacHJEBeBH^i, Hanrb npHxoxcidft oreu'L-miCTOsaeshy — cb CBoeft 
cAepsaHHoft JDoCesHOCTbH) npexcraBHjnb naci ApyrB Apyry xo- 

3BEWb. 

Banomsa, HHsesbKUl, cyryjiHft, cb bohhoA jkbctkhxi 6&pix'&<, 
KaRii jieHx, BOJioci, Cb emfi 6ojiie CB^TJioft h ohohb MajneHBBoft 
6opoAoft, Bi cbpovb mepcTflHOM*B BiufBiimeirb noApHCHHsi, jih- 
noufb ysacHO noxoprrb Ha nojiiinyKOBi-Rpeci^flHi. Om> bcro- 
iMJTb H Ha^aJTB po6ro noseiiaTB hoh) pyRy CBoeft Teimoft saRO- 
pysjioft, RaRi mepmaBafl AOH^eHRa, necoMHlHHO pa6o?eft pyKoft. 
B^AHOCTBK), npHHHseHHOCTBio laRB H B^jso OTb Hero. 

— BoTB, rocnoAHHi sypnajiHcn, — CRasajnb AH^peft Cepi^e- 
BH^ii^— TOJiRyeiTb TOMi, HoiCB Bi BaniHxi raserax'b Teneps 
TOJiBRO H pasroBopy. sepeBencROft mROJii. Bi aroft 6jiiarocjio- 
BOHHOft CTpaHi BepcTib Ha 50 wb oRpyacHocTH — HH oxHOftI IIpaBxa, 
y 6aTioniRn— y nero ^sa npHxoxa, Bepcrb sa 20 orcioAa SHsen 
owbj — ecTB npHxoACRaa, ho HH^eHCRaa, ne na^rro RynHib 6yicarE. 
AOCORi, rps^eft, xft ^ nojiin^yRH naio nycRaion Tyxaxitdl. 
y HHX7» ojsjswb pasroBopx: na n^o eiiy rpaicaxa? A y nacib, bx 
Cjniacatniiixb AepeBHaxi, hh oahhb xajiBHeHRa vb mROJiy ne xo- 
WHTb. SoMCTBa sxIcB H^iTb. BoTb 6aTioinRa H nponoB^Ay^n cjiobo 
EoxBe BO cTBHi xoAfln^iirB>l.. — co crpaHHuirB sJiopaACTBOirb 

SaROHHHJI'B OcOROpHHl. 

— Jl^a, x&> sa!— BBAuxafl HawjrB CBfln^eHHHR'By — bo nviy bo 
Tbui xojoucb: hh cpeAcrsi, he KeJoraHia b'b napoxi. Bo iBirt, 
bo TBirb! 

Owb roBopEJFB Ha 0, Cb MajiopocciftcRHMH ropTaHHUMH npn- 
AiarxamflMH, cobc^mi RaRT» MysHSB GijiopyccB, h chx^^, crop* 
Chbhihcb, RaRB HCTHHHoe Bonjion^OHle 6e8CHJ[ifl h Cesx^ftcTBk. 

— YcnoROftrecB, 6aTK)mRa! cosxaAHiTB Bam mROJiyl IlepBoe, 
neiTb nosatfoTHMCfl,— BorB tojibro bi ycaffB6i y ce6a see ycTpo- 

HITB, — AOEHR'B SJtfl mROJOI BfilCTpOHlTB, y^HT6J[BHHI{y BfiniE 016111. «. 

yrimaJTB ero OcoRopHHib. 

— He Hano, nana! a caiia 6yAy ynnrB. GxairB aRsaiieffB&a 
yiHTeuHHiity h cava 6yAyi — B^pyrB CRasaJia Oju, thxo, ho 
TBepxo, He npepHBafl 0T6HpaHB;i ^ojcb... 

— Bhahto, 6aTK>mRa! Bon Bam h ymenBHai^a! Ona 6y- 
jifiTb OTjniHHafl y^ieJiBHHifa: lepn^HBafl, x^Tefl jpoChtb, ffoCpas, 
HO nacTofl^HBafl, — xBajnrjrB xo^ cb HeoxHxaHHoft h&shoctbk), 
RaRi 6yxT0 pasuflr^HBHiHCB, Anxpeft CeprieBH^x. 

Ho 6aTK)mRa Cujtb HacipQeH'B neccniCHCTH^ecRH. 

— Txb me hitb,— na^aJTB ohi po6ro h MexseHHO, horochb- 
niHCB Ha Ojiio, — yHo6a y^oOoft, a TyrB h cb napoxoiTB sx'^QiHHirB, 



r 



HA KHH3I»-03BP«. 93 

ch poxHieJUiiCH Tose noroBopH-Ea ci hekh, y6iAH-Ka« MoJTb, 
niKOJia— He TOKifa hto, ho cairam BScmHirb Ha^ajiBCTBOHii 
OAoCpflexcfl, a r^i H yHpeacxaeicfl. IIojiinQrKy hh ao rpaMOTu, 
HB AO BaqaJCbCTBa. Ha n^o eiiy? tojebro h roBopHTi Tuna bi po- 
6eHKa-T0. TojEBKO H Bcero: Ha n^o? — h CBjatn^enHHKB pa8Beji'b 
6e8noMonp[o pyRaHH. 

— FesoHHO pascyacAaiorb! — BApyn» ^aensAtwrno oxosBaJicJi 
Kocxfl ropoxoBi. Bi caMOBCb Kbji% eaixo met? Pei^HAHBHsirb 
6earpaM0TH0CTB pacnjioxaTBfl 

BaiDniRa Rasi 6yAT0 He hohjuh*, ho, oieBHAHO, He zoi^i 
dToro o6HapyaKBBaTB. 

— Oho, AiftcTBHtejiBHO hto,— pasBeiTB ohb ohatb neonpeA*- 
aeHHO pyRaMH. 

— A MBi cb nanoft RpecTEflHCRyio 6H6j[i0TeKy ycipoHMi, — 
CKasana Ojih. — liana, AaP—noAHAJna ona cboh aaroplBndecH mh- 
sue rjiasa na OTi^a. 

— BH&noreRa 6H6jilOTexoft! — EaRi»-T0 6iTZ0 kocbjjlca aioro 
^epHOMop'b, a rjiaBHoe, mu hicb KOHRyppenuIio rpaicoTHUxii jua- 
mmeft ycTpoHiix, mh ru% ^6pnRy rnyioft u^essL, k8js,i> bi 
Bofti^exoBi, ycTpoHMi! A na $a6pHRy CesrpaMOTHOMy pa6o<[eMy 
HB mary. Mu pacHHCTBifb aro 6ojioto1 nepecTanyrL xeHB Jiy- 
HHHy! SaxoTfln rpaMOXEi, RaRi 6e3i nen sapoCoTRa ne 6yAen... 
IIpHJKMeiirB rocHOAio xjii6onami](eBiI TenepB ci xjii6oMii ne pas- 
rjjuemBCH, sapafioiRa saxo^en! — c^pRan rAasami, CAepsanno 

nXOBaJU'B 0C0R0pBHl.«. 

— Hy BOTi, BorB, aro lattb, aro laRB, — pi^ociHO corjiacHJvcji 
6aiK>niRa. — A 6H6jiioTeRa — RaRi»ente nanajiLCTBonocHOTpHrB... Aa! 

— PesoHHO, oreiti nacTOHTejiB! — saryA^JTb ROMHiecRHMB 
GacoiTB KocTJi. — CierHyTB bxx, ^0AIe^0B^, $a6pBR0ft — saxonirs 
rpaMOTn! 

— HMeHHo, BMeHHO ciernyTB bxb! — Ao6poAynrao sacM^JCH 
CanoniRa. 

— OjSBra AHQ)eeBHaI — BApyn neBOJiBHO saAposajiB Mofl ro- 
JLOcrB, — BHABie, Aaxe h 6H6aioTeRH ne naAO. 

Ojih noAHfljia na MeHa cboh rjnasa— flCHHe, rJnyfioRie, rpyciHue. 

— EB6jrioTeKy a ycTpoio, — ynopno CRasaia ona. — Dana wh 
aroiTB He OTRaxen. V nanajiBCTBa mosho BuxjionoTaTB... j9(a 
ecjn B HeoBsfl 6B6jiiioTeRy... a y ee6H saBOAy cbob rhbtb, 6yAy 
AaaaiB HBraTB... 

— Hy, roJiy6ymRa, cb 9tbmb Moiyrb TBoeMy nan* buAth 
inpiaTHOCTH,— cJierRa naxMypHJiCH ^epnoMopi. 

— Jl^y KasB HanaJBLBCTBO, RaRi HanajiiBCTBo! — BSAOxnyji'B CHOBa 
TioniRa. 4 

— Hy H 6681 6E6jiiOTeRH, ne Bci ace saCyAyrB rpaMoiy, — 
apHo TBepABJia Ojih. 

— A caMH Bii tfyAore noroxoft yHBreJiBHHBiel? Botb h neAaBHO 



94 P7C0K08 BOrATCTBO. 

npoiejTbi HTO xypnaa HapoxHaa mson xyse HHRaKoft. jD[6CRaTB, 
OHii ^(aBATB ecrecTBeHHHft yiTB pefiesRa HeHysHHioi^ a hhotw 
HOBl^pHinni CBij(lHifl]iH,— cicasan a. 

— PeaoHHo! H, Hanpnuipi: vot reHlanHiift jwb pinni- 
TejiBHO safftueni RJiaccHivisMoirB rnocHasui,— cx^jiaji'bBoviraecKK 
njia^eBHyK) (j^HsloHOidK) Rocta. 

— HanajiBHafl msojia mncaKag He saKUHn, imoro jol b-b 
Heft CBix^Hift-TO HyxHHXB, HJiH HeHyxHUTE? A rpaMorl BCfflcafl 
BiTfon! — cb npexHHirb cHORoflHmrB ynopcTBOicb Bospasura Ou, 
Bce laiuKe ueiofjmo nepefiHpaa flioxii.*--fl[ iiory ^uxb mroxoft 
yimejiiBHHiieft, keA MHoraro Moryn He hobbojihtb, ho rpavort 
Hayny, 6htl x^ieft ne 6yj(y, npimacKaio nn... ci iieHa h aroro 

AOBOJIBHO... 

— Oxi, louiafl 6apianHH, ■ snpaBxy: m ororo xobojibho! — 
Bxpyn caionrB HCicpeHHHini odpasoirb bsj^otleyjvb CaTfonnca. 
He HCHfirnuTb jih ohii no6oH vb fjbrcTwi, bi 6ypci?.. H ero 
cjnoBa, ero Bsxorb crpaHHoe na nenfl npoHSBeaoi BneuiJitHle. 
Mh% BxpyrB saxorijiocB hoxoAth ki neiiy, noxatB ero voso- 
mctjjo pyKy... Mni saxoTixooB ropmo nanacTB na ccennrae- 
CKaro manonafl Kocno, na xoBflftcTBOHHaro KyuTyprperepa ^epno- 
Mopa ■ saspHHaTL mrb, hto ohh cb wrh ^96pvisiaa Hseaian 
H ci Hxi i^HHnecKHirB rjiynaeHleicb naxo bc^itb vb hoxh^kh 
He roAflTCfl 9T0ft <6apiioiHi>, Koropoft xpBOShvo cne 6htb> 
xoTfl B% TOHeHle mROJiBHurb HacoBi pe6flTB... 

Hjy He cyKacmeAHdft Joi a? He jao6jao jih a bb cavoirb 
jijijii dry c6apinnHio»?.. E hto ace: yBean ee vb HHrepi, cjsjb- 
aaTB c6apiiniHeft>, Coaraion^eft, Kara copon, o pexaianoHHUTB 
Xiaarb Myaui?.. yspacTb ee y vaxeHBBHXiB Hoain^yBOBi? j[|,a h 
y Hea caicoft? noHHHaemB th vena? Tnoft B. 

XVL 

. 20 SBrycTa. 
Th HHrnemB: a HxeaxHSHpyio, npHxaio cannKoirb 6oa&nioe 
Baa^enie ohohb npocimrb caoBan Oaa! Mosen Chtb! Ho th 
He BHAHHiB ea, ne cainnHmB, aaRi 9Th caoaa roBoparca. Tu 6u 
noHaai Meaa, ne ynpeBaJH 6h bx HxeaaHsai^: BsraaaH th na 
nee xotb parb, ycaiimB ee cavoe xotb pasi. B'b lont ea ne 
yaipeHHOCTB vb ceOi caicoft, ne yGiacxeHHOCTB — wbn, a Taxaa 
CHOKOflHaa npocTOTa, ROTopaa cpasy, cpasy ooKasuBaen, w 
ea aceaania, crpeMaeHla, Bsraajpi — ona caiia, Bce ea cyniiecTBr 
Bca ea xynia... 

'^31 xa, HTO pacHHCHBaTBl Kpyn, x^bho a ^yBCTByn, mh 
naxo cxbaaTB oxho vm xsyxi: hjh yixaxB mn rocTenplHKHc 
ycaxbOH Vb HHrepi (six^ n nopa), hah Ha^axb acHO oCnap 
acBBaTB HaipHicoHiaaBHiia HaMipenia... Hh tofo,. hh vj^jtoto 



HA EHfl3B-03EP«. 95 

He xbnw). KaRi paseHiift ssips, npanycB a on Ojdi^ xa h 
OTO Bcirb Bi oxmoKia nporyjucH; yxoacy KyAA-HnCysb bt» rjnyxoe 
irtcTe^o Jritoa; ynjaiBaK) ea Q)flXJEoft jioxnoHRt Ha osepo, npa- 
^CB BT» arot sionHOEsA vb xpocTHHsaxi H ^acaMH jiesy bb Heft 
6e8i CHa, 6e8i» onpex&ieHHiixi micjieft. TniiniHa osepa tohho 
norjion^aerb bck) mok) xymy. Ytkh MaaHyn Haso mhoA bb He6'l 

JUEHHHUlfH CTaflMH. R^JOBmH CHflrb, JIOXRa CHHn. n TjrAflTCH 

ifH% rjiy6oKO na ah% KHaxHTb h MOJioffafl espeftKa, nyjpnca, 
irai, 6yAT0 RHflXHH'b— a, a eBpeftsa — Ojea, h jnexsm mh b%- 
RaiCH Ha aroiTB jija/b He nepTBue, a tojibro eaHapoBaHHue pycaji- 
saxH osepa... Jle^KHMi h nyBCTByeici, RaRi noffB HsyMpyjpro-xpy- 
craxBHoft nexeHoft boah 6bh)tch J0060BBX) Hamn cepnqa... H a 
cjmmy... ho Cienle tojibko icoero cepAi^t— cepAiia ne jiHTBHHa 
SHHJHiHa, a pycaRa— 6op8onHcita, craporo CopsoHHCi^a, Jiesa- 
H^kTO HenoxBHSHo He na sejieHOiTB jsfA osepa, a na ero nosepx- 

HOCn Bl rHHXOft TOpHOft xox^OHsil 

nopoft USA TjrffHTCfl, ^TO E81 TpOCTHHKOBl BUTJIflXilBaerB 

6jriAHoe npeaiecTHoe jnsno KHaraHH PansHBHJTB — nouHHmB, Hop- 
Tpen B'B Bhjibh%? — h en o^apoBarexBHiifl ry6£i, cicpuBafl 6ojib 
ropsaro cepma, CMiioTCfl, CMiioTCH, lo^mo roBOparB: 

— AI HSld^HHJTB HHi, BOTB H TepsaftCfll 

BHffHinB, a xoxoacy ffl HacTOHn^aro Konncapa. 

MeacAy rtirB TeMHierb. no osepy xomo nojiserB rpoicaAHaa 
TeMHaa nayxHHa, onyTHBaen tpocthhkh, sacTHxaerb neCo, Ksk 
craHOBHTCfl xyTKO, fl Bu6npaK)CB bi xoak^ vsb tpocthhrobb, bh- 
iaxaio wb 6e3ROHeHHO AXHHHyio isAOBHio-KaHaBy v, thxo hoa- 
TaiKHBaflCB mecT0M*B, AO^BpaiocB AO ifocra Cjihsb ycaABCii, bh- 
xoxy na 6eperB, ho bb ycaAB6y ne HAy. 

HAy fl BB AepeBHH), Koropaa paaoitb, Hepnaa, rpHsnafl 6%jio- 
pyccxafl AepoBHJi. Hsb i^apcxBa pycaxoxB HonaAaio vb i^apcTBo 

XpaHHHX'B yrpiOMHXB rHOMOB'B. 

Yjoasfiy He CMOTpa Ha cyxyio noroAy, nepecineHii xyacavB, 
TonRHMH airaMH, Tfjb neCpexcHO naBaxeni pxcaBKft ^HIlo^^ft na- 

BO8B. ABOpU, OrpaXCAOHHUe nOXOCHBinHMHCH OXOXHmiMH, CO CRpH- 

nyHHXH CKBOSHHXH BopoTaiiH, HO'iTH BceiAE HacTOHHUx SoxoTa: 
CKOTBy npoxoAfl HepesB hhxb, ocTaBxaeTB bb orpoMHOUB roxh- 
qecTBi CBOH cx^Au? ROTopuTB HHROFAa HO y6HpaH)rB. Tenxux 
BomoHix HceapeHix chsbimb auhomb ctoxtb naAB bthhh ABopamr, 

TA^ BB 0T6p0CaX% XOmaAeft, ROpOBl, CBHHeft IHilOTB COXOHa, 

\6iA]ipa H T. n. 

TeMHHfl XOCHX^iHCX CBHHBH, HHOFAa HpOTHBHO-HHTHHCTUX , 

yHHxo xpiORafl, nxeryrcx hsb yrxa bb yroxi, Boxona shbotei ho 
iroft rpxBH. TjTb XA HacxolpaxxioTCH TaRxce roxHMH, ^^epauMH 

I BXTHHCTUMH OTB rpXSH T^XailH, MaXUX A^TH CB MHXHMH XCaX- 
'^HIIH pOSHUailH. 

Bxo»y B'B H36y— HepHO, rpxsHO, nycTO... BBepxy na naxa- 



96 P7CCK0E BOrATCTBO. 

Tflzi ropu OTpemeBx h HenoABESHo Jiesa^ie juoah ci RaRmai-TO 
KaiieHHO-HenpHBi^TJDeiBinui JiHi^aiui. 

OcBinieHa H36a JiyuHoft: b% noiojiKi OTBepcrie, nox^ HHirb 
BHCHTb '^epHaa acejiiiBHaa ^^exEipexTpaHHafl iiHpaiaix&) ycWflHaa 
CBepxy; h hesi, h seprb y neft nojoie; BHyipH nyciOTa: ycrpoft- 
CTBO, hto6h jmiTB jiyqHHU He pacnoJisajicH, a yxpxHJTB bi oxBep- 
ciie Bi» Epfinni. IIoA'b nHpaHHAOft Ha Klnouaxi, npHspi^njieH- 
Huxib Kh neft, He6oji[Bmafl seJiiaHafl pimoTRa, Ha ROTopoft aie- 
XHTB Jiy^HHa, nox^ neft maftRa ci Boxoft, Ryxa naxaen Harapi 
CB jiy^HHii. Gaifa jiyHHna ropHTB ocnimrrejiBHO-flpRO, 6oja>BO 
jiflsi rjiasi H TOHHO poH^erB orneHHUH cjiesu b'b Bo^y. BoRpyrb 
ace OTi» Hefl oneHB najoio cs'liy, tohho b-b RysHHiti: ropHi ro- 
pBTB, a uo yrjiaiCB Bcioxy iBMa. 

Bi OAHOiTb TOJiBEO caKOiTb CoraioMB AOHi AepeBHH HORa- 
sajra ]CH% acecTAHyio RepocHHOByio Jiaxny h to ee ne saauiraJiHy 
a xpaHHjra, RaEB pi^AKOCTB, yBipafl MeEfl^ no RepocHHi Hirb ne 
no RapMany. 

dm TBxeJsue yrpioioie icysHRH nocxoflHHO bi 6ecix$ cb 
HaMH a^nmflpyioTB cbok) 6ijsfioc'n>y cboid oCesAOJieHHOCXB, co 
BToporo cjiOBa nepeBOAfln p^iB Ha rax6u cb cod^AflMH, CBna- 
HaHHHSB-saseiffjnijHSB-Ba jrica h ipyAHO p^hihtb: HeoAoooniaa-jni 
BiROBaa 6tAH0CTB, H;ra sHBOTHafl ajnHOCTB oiyntjaixB bt> CBoeicB 
rpflSHOHB yrjDy JuoAeft BAOZHOBJuaieTB hxb b^hhuich wuioGaiiH 
Ha cyAe6HUfl o6vau, na MomeHHHHecTBO xoAaiaeBB h t. n. SCbh- 
npiHu HHorAa RpacHBBui, ho BcerAa MepiBenHo CesyHaciHHH, ch- 
XflTB HenoABHJKHo, BHTflHyBonicB Ha JiaBRaxB, Ha nasaTflXB. TyiB 
H^TB cyeTJiHBOCTH BBJiHRopyccROft 6a6u H HadoftJUiBOft npHBiijm- 
BOCTH xoxjiymRH. Jlirw CoJDounHifH cb^tjoikh rjiasoHRaitH nyrJiBBO 

CMOrpJUTB H3B yPJIOBB, RaRB 6e80TBiTElIJI XCepTBEI BIOFO i](apcTBa 
XpaHHUXB rHOMOBB. 

9 saxoacy bb hsCu, Tojocyio cb iiysHRaicH, HHRorAa he ao 
nero nyTHaro ne AoiojiROBUBaiocB. HeAOBipie hxb rb nanaKB 
6e8rpaHH^Ho, ynopcTBO bb cboexb BSTJuiAaxB HenoROJie6EXO... 
J^ORassBaeniB noJiBsy hirojiu. 

— Ha H^O?— paSAaeiCH HeESMliHHHft OTBiTB. 

y6isAftemB acsTB onp^THO* 

— Ha njo? Byjio-6B lenjKol 

GoB^TyeniB o6n(ecTBaMB na rpoctbhecrexb seMJuiXB ao6h- 
BaTB Top^B H npoAaBaTB. 

— Ha H^o? 6oj[OTO OHO h 6ojioto— ROMy TpeCa? 

Hehto He y6^^aeTB, hbhxo ne BnymaeTB B']^pu. Beaho, 

dROHOEEHeCRafl dBOJIIOIUfl, A'ifiCTBETeJIBHO, H8B dTEXl JHOAOfi CA^^ 

aaia bb Te^enie b^robb naTenroBgtaoe <6ha^o>. H cipaHHo: bb 
TO se Bpeica ctojibro yMHuxB raasB, aobojibho BHeprEiHuxB 
jan(By CEJia ;^mE ta'^-to npa^ercji, sEBeTB... Bujib h bb JIoh- 
AOH^y Ha CB%3A$ sypHajTECTOBB. 3a6pejrb bb IDoTJiaHAiK) na 



HiL KHfl3B-08B». 97 

HicKOJiBRO AHeft, BHA&nb TA'fi-TO OROJio AdepAHHa THnu, nojioacH- 
TejiBHo poACTBeHHue aTHMi. Ta se craTHOCTB xyAuxx $Hrypi, 
Ta se cnoKoftHaa iipa^ocTb Biipasenift, to se HeAOsipie h ynop- 
CTBO Bi yrjiaxi RpynEHxi, hjioiho ORsaurb ryfii. 

n en^e tiojri^ cipaHHafl Ben^b: usAj OAepacHiiOMy xenepBuo- 
HUB AynieBHUMi 6peA0M'B, Jierne CHAiTb- bi' dTHXi AyniHUxi hs- 
6azx ch MajieHLKHKH OKOHitaBui, c% Topnmfiio jiy^HHoft, ci He- 

OXOTHO H HeBpasyilHTeJIBHO OTBinaiOiqHKH MyXHRaHH, 6681[0JIB- 

HHMH 6a6aiui, acajKHUH bb hxb ahkocth a^hh, ^iwb hath 
TyAa, lA^ OHa cpeAH en RyjBTypTperepa-OTiia, raepa-csenTHRa 
KocTH, majionaji Bopnca, 6ai6eca-AflAH, senHxa-RynHAOHa!.. 
H HacTO, nocjii j^eacaHia bi» osepi na jkoar^, saxoacy a bi 

8tH H86h. 

Bqepa 9T0 TaR'B h cjiy^HJiocB* SI fpsexAJLCn b% jdoar^ ao 
nojEHoft THHuiHU. EABa HameJirB bxoa^ bi RanaBy-isAOBHio, eAsa 
AOTOJRajKCfl mecTOHi no net ao irtcTa h bhji%8i Ha 6eperB; 
Tbub h TBHiHHa Choqi RpyroMi. Cjitno HejiBRajoi ofhh BAajm b'b 
OKHaxi y€aAB6ii, h cBepRajio njianH ROcrpoBi, ROTopHe sasH- 
raioTB BeiepoM'B Ha ABopi, hto6u ottohatb MomeRB h ROHapoBi. 

HeysejiH coSnpaiOTCH yacHHaTB? noAynaxB h, ROCTps o6£irho- 
BeHHHO 3azHraK)TB BO BpeicH cajiaro yacnna. H h noCpejrb moa- 
jieHHo, marB sa maronB, caoTuancB bb TenHOTift o hopobhocth 

AOpOFH. 0, RaRl KSb XOT^JOLOCB yBHA^TB OjIH), H BCBTaRH Ha 

HorarB 6iixh tohho nyAOBUH rnpn!.. Yace snaHHTeJiBHO npHCam- 
BHBHiHCB RB ycaA^^^^) ^ xpyTO HOBepHyjTB H no6pejiB BnpaBO Ha 
AepeBOHCRyK) yjon^. 

fl BOBce He ji,'jM9jrh saxoAHTB HH vb oAHy H86y. MhI npocTO 
xorijiocB omnyTB BOSBpan^oHie bb ycaAB6y. He y%xaTB-aiH saBrpa? 
MejBRajio y MeHH bi rojioBi, hjih... hxh hto? CA^aTB npoAJiio- 
xeme? HOJuyHHTB, RaRB roBopHTB xoxjih, ap6y8B? fk ecom He no- 
jiyny? Biji,h ecTB hto-to bi en OTHomeHiflXB ro mh*... TyTB Moe 
cepAiie TBRB aan^eMHJuo, hto, to'^ho y6iraa otb ^HSHTOCROft 6ojdi, 
OTB BciTb dTHxi BOHpocoBB, fl maTHyjTB 8a nopoFB nepBOft H86U... 
marnyoTB h saiiepi. CpeAH H86u bi ^promb cb^t^ JiyuHH croa- 
jia OjdH... 

He Mory nncaTB. FojiOBa RpysHTCfl. HoflAy npoftrHCB. Ho* 
TOMB Aonnmy... 



xvn. 

Ojeh CTOflJua nocpeAH m6Uy npRO ocBin^eHnafl orneiTB jny- 
HHHH. BoRpyrB, m% nojuyT^k, tohho iipaHHBie ^npnspaRH, bs- 
rjiJBrAUBajBLH MysHRH H 6a6£i. 

IlepeAB Ojieft na JiaBRi CHA&ia cb oneBHAHUMB OojoiisHeH- 
HUMi BanpHzeHieH'B MoxoAan seHn^Hna. BjriAHoe imno ch npo- 

.N» 4. 0«AtX% I. 7 



98 P7GGK0B BOrATCTBOi 

BajraBmHMHCA uasaicHy OBpyaceHHUicH CHsesot, mosho 6wlo npn- 
HJiTB 8a uepiBoe, ecjiH 6ii ne aiH rjnasa,. TOKHHe, juixopaAO^Ho 
ropan^ie, Kade-To MyHHiejiLHo HenoABHJKHue. 

— neTp'b BacHJiB6BHTB! — BocKJiHKHyjia Ojih, eXBa jBflx^a 
K6Hfl, H rojiocb efl 8aBB6H&rB H 6ojitBio, H BOBuyiD^eHleirb,— nocMO- 
ipflTe, nocMOTpHTe, mo fjTb y hhsb npoHcxojtfln. 

Efl BocuHi^aHle SBynajito laK'b, Basi 6yjifo npoHCXOffuro Hi- 
^0 ysacHoe. Measly rbith wA ocrajuBHue b% m6i (Shjih ho- 
BOBHyniMo uenojLBMXHSiy TOHHO He TOJDbRO nero-HH6yxB yacacHaro, 
HO pimHTejiBHO HH^ero ho npoHcxoAHoio. 

— %o TaRoe, OjiBra As^eeBHa?— cnpocHJTb a. 

— CMOTpHTe,— BcmtecHyjia Ojea pysaicH. — Bu snaoTe. Si uzr 
^laia TyTh nojK^HHBaTB* IIo xoManraHirB jiiHe6HHKaicE... VL Bon 
yasib Hes^K) jrbnj ory MOJioxaftRy,— OHa yKasajia na seHmtHey, 
BOTopafl CHA:6jianepe;i^ nea. — ^Tyn CojiHrb, TaiTB 6ojihti>! OrHero— 
He 8HaK>. no xijiy CHnasH-He chhakh, xaKU-TO oarHa. J^um&rb 
Tasejro. To osho6i y Heft, to 6yAT0 xapi. He iiory pasoCpan. 
XoAHTB Ha pa6oTy, jsfiem 6ysT0 nmero, a Basnoe jnpo bca 
H8J[0MaHHafl. H BOTb ceroAHfl ea mypHHib, — Ojia noKasaaa na ny- 
paro MyxHsa^ ROTopuft CToaorb wh croponi, — botb oHib Bxpyrb 
roBopHn: a& ee, naHeHBKa, Raa^yH) ho^ Hyaci THpaHun, 6hWh 
BossaMH, fjmsarhf hh MHHyrH hh x^otb sacnyrB... H oHa MOjr- 
HHTB, cnacaerca ri mypsHy wb HsCy, hphxoahtb ro waij roBO- 
psn, HTO CojsBHa, s hh cjnoBa o sjiox^i Mysi. — ^ORcal sa hto 
T66a uy^HTi Hysi?— H Ojna cxsaTHJia pyRH CojiBHoft. 

Ta MOJraajia, tojibro CA&iajfacB en^e 6j[i%xH%e, sarjiasa bcdzix- 
HyaH, RaR^B pasAyme BHesairao yrjni. 

— 3a n^o! sa npocrynRy! 

— MoHa BOHi RaR'B Myx'B 6KjrB sa npocrynRy; cb coaxa* 

TOITB CROXaJHaCB, Hy H ChJTB, — Cb RaROft TO CTUAJIHBO - JiyRaBoft 
OTRpOBeHHOCTBH) oeBaBHJTa O^Ha H8X eaCl, BipOHTHO, coc^XKa, 

8a6pexpiaa bt^ HsCy. 

— IIpocTynRyt 3a dRy npocTynRy! — neBOsicyTHMO, nocaca- 
Baa Tpy6oHRy, OTosBaica mypHHi CooiBHoft.— Ona aR'B CBina ne- 
poA^ CBOHiTB HoaoBiROM'B! HlaRHrB npocTynoRi y neft Henal 

— ^ero-2i Tu iffOJEHHmB? Hero ace ne CRajBemB Hyacy... — ne 
CByM&ia SEROHHHTB cBoeft $pa8H Ojia, noxpacaa pyRaMH 6oaB- 
Hoft, ROTopaa MOJiraajia, reri y6HTaa. 

B^pyrB HS'B nasi 6oaBHoft noRaTHancB MeAJnenHsa Rpynnua 
cJnesH. Ojia noffc^a Kb neft, oCnajia saRoauxaBmeeca bi» puna- 
hIh Tlao MoaoAyxH h na^aaa raaASTB ee no roiOBi. 

— Hy, MHJiaa, ycnoROftca, ny, jigayCRa,— TporaxejBHO- aac* 
ROBO roBopHJia Oaa dioft ifyacneft ^(P^, RaRi pe6eHRy« Ta B^pyrB 
HeHCTOBO saBonnaa h ynaaa roaoBoft na rpy^B Oan. Pi^RO a' 
cauxajTB TaRoft naa^B..* EasaaocB, Bce b^roboo CTpajtanle h 
yHHseme xenn^HHu OTosBaaocB b'b btomi 6a6Beu'B Bonai-BHSii... 



HA KHfl8B-03EPB. 99 

Ho wb 310 Bpeitfl ;Q>yroft Bonu, en^e Goarite ysacmift, ;(o- 
-xeiii'b Kb ORHO m6u. Ha yjiHiii tohho rofo-to ptsara. Oju 
^CKOHEJua H 6pocHJiacB Kb osHy. fl Tose. MyjREKH H 6a6H b«& 
<a86i HO mejioxHyjiHCB, hxi KaKib 6yAT0 ne uotjlo nopasHTb hhhto 
caMoe ysacHoOy npoHcxoAHH^ee b'b vrb xepeBHi. Tojibko GoJiBHaa 
€a6a, crapaacB yxe OBJianiTB co6oft| BcxjnmuBajia p^Aso h tje^ 
MiOJiOj npuoucafl xyA^a pyra ri Bnanoft rpyAH. Mh HicisonBO 

MTHOBeHlA UOAOmffiJLW. HO nOBTOpHTCfl-JIH CTpamHBlft BpHRl Ha 

yjoiqi. Ho Bce sanuuio: touo Teimafl yjoma Bxpyn yicepjiia. 

— noApajniCB ULomfi, — ^huioco^kh sau^THJTB mypHHi 6on- 
Hoft, npHHHJiaflCB !Ha6HBaTB Tpy6oHRy. 

Ohi OKasaJicfl 6ojir6e, h^Imb npaBi. Bx HsCy bto-to BOmeJii* 

— HaHHOHKa 8X%CB? — cnpocHJii ToponjmBKft, ne coBciirB cno- 

KOftHUt rOJiOCl. 

— ?T0 TBT, HeTpo?— cnpocBJTB xosjiHHi bbCh BOQiexniaro 
MOJiOAOro napHfl, no THny coBepmeHHO mouansoa hsi aojkhhi 
sasoro HH6yAb JoxHorappa. HapoHB 6fiurB 6jrbAeHi ■ A^psajn 
vCHCTB npaBoft pyKH, csRSkBb Apyroft pyRoft* 

— IlaHHOHRa! HomoxhI— npoTJfflyjrb obtb pyRy Ojii4. 

Osa BSAJna ero pyRy, h bb MrHoeeHBe ea &bJOisi wbxsue 
iiamis 6hHB b'b rpobh. Ho oHa ho OTAepnyjia MXb. SI Bsna- 
^JiyjTB fijiHJRe. ycasaTOJiBHUfl naji6i(B Heipo 6ujrB uohth otc&- 
noHi H Aepsajicii na ysROMi rjso^rI Mflca. YsaceHB 6ujrB dTOis 

rpflSHHft MOSOJUCTUft lUUEOII^B, HCXOAfln^ift RpOBBH) Ha H^SHOft Jia- 

AQHH Ojni. 

— mwb 9T0? TonopoHB? — CucTpo cnpocua OHa« 

— TaRx, TonopoMB, oyxoBaio oTBibTBJTB HeTpo. Touro 

^POBH ero CABHByJIHCB. 

— PyCHJTB HTO HHfiyAB?— cnpocHJia Ojlr. 

— Hd! 6aTBR0 OTpyCflji'B, — choroAho orosBancfl Heipo, tojibro 
Bce 6ojrkQ CABBraa cboh dHepni^ecRiH 6poBH. 

— OieiiB! sa tto? — ci ysacom noAHflJia na nero na- 
Ba Ojul. 

— seMJii cnopHJiHl AIiihjihcbI Okb Kena hs'b Aony npo- 
THao'B. He no ero jReHHJica. Hy h He xot^jtb seicini a&tb. %o-3rB , 

nOMHpaTB MS% C-b JRHHROfl?— rOBOpHJIl HOTpO, nOBHAHKOMy, 6e3'b 
BCARarO B0JIH6H1h. 

— 9t0 TH RpHHaflB? — CnpOCHJTB a. 

— fl! — coBclicB xMypo OTOSBajioi Heipo, tohho ho npon](aa 
ce6i dToro RpHRa hoa'b TonopoMi» onia. 

Ho Ojih A&Jtie HBHoro ne pacnparnHBajia. Ona Buranpaia ho- 
coBofl HjiaTORB H81 RapM^, o6epHyjia hhb pyRy Heipo h tojibro 
CRBsajia: ^ 

— HofiAeiTB B'B ycaAi>^y- Hah, h 6yAy A^psaTB tboio pyRy. 
JS. OHa ocTopoacHO noauia hsi hsSbi, noAAepacBBaa HsyBineH- 
Hyio pyRy iiy^RHRa. Owb mejTB sa neft noRopHO 6wb manRH^ 

7* 



100 P7CCK0E BOrATCTBO. 

TOHHO pe6eH0Ki, BOToparo Be^^Tb sa pyHRj. fl mejTB sa heme*. 

HhKTO H8l 6vl6% H MyXHKOBli H6 ABHHyJUCJi: dTO M6HJ9[ JAHBEJIO^ 

O^esHXHO, H orpy^jieHHuft najieit'B ne icorb pacmoBejniTB hz*^ 
uacejiyK) ocHXiiRy. Hjih h laKlfl jBi^hB bi hxi 6uTy A'i^jra 
ciHinROirB oCuHHoe. 

KoFAa HU BTpoeMi noflBHJDHCB Ha ABopi yc4AB6s, rx% sa. 
CTOJioicB ci» ysHHOMi yx6 CHA^^ Bcl AOMamHie, ocBiiD^eHHiie 
orHflMH KOcrpoB'b, HLi BucTynflJiH H81 upaRa, 6yxT0 npHBHA^niH. 
Bob noBCRaRanH. He sHaio, mo Bupasajio Moe jiHito, ho 6sijsr 
Hoe JUHKO paHenaro h BSBOJiHOBannoe, n on> Toro emfi Gojrle- 
6ji%AHoe, juBuo Ojih nopasHJiH MeHH rJiy6oROft cepBesHoft cocpe- 
AOTOHeHHOCTBK). PasAaJiHCB BocRJiBi](aHifl, pascnpocu. S. hh Ha tto 
B6 OTBiqaJi'B, H HHHero ne cjoioiajiii. SI. tojlbko cmotp^&jii'b 
Ha Ojik). 

— BEKOHTift EBJiaHnieBEqiy npEnecETe mh6 ceft^aciace ABa 

HECTUXli nOJ[OTeHI](a, KyBniEHX BOABI E CBEHUOByiO DpEHOVy, 

Aft H Rap6oJiKy,— cKaiBajia tojubro Osa. 

SHeEZTh HrnoBeHHo CKp^uica bi» conpoBoacAeHlH Map^Bi Hero- 
JiaeBHU. Bee, hto noipeCoBasa Ojih^ tinuio npEHeceHo onefiB 6ucTpo. 
H ORpysennafl bcIme naifEy OHa npoMUBajia, 6flHT0Bajia, saa^- 
BUBajia paneHyio pyay IIoTpo. B'b ero tohho RaneHHOirB seicjiH- 
cto-6ji%Ahomx jiei^ He xposajia he xEJiRa. Tojubro pasi oh^ 
noBejii TOCRJSEBo rySaME. 

— BojiBHO?— npomenrajia Ojih. 

— Jl|H)3Ke 60JIBH0,— raiy6oRO BBAOxnyjTB Ilerpo, 

SCeHEx^B noAAep^HBajni paneHyio pyny bo Bpeica nepoBflsRE, 

a RaRl» SOpRO OHB CJld^AHJI'B Sa ABHaceniflME OjIE, RaR'B 60flJ[Cfl 

CA'iJiiaTB 60JIBH0 paneHOMyl Mh% BApyrB noRasajiocB, hto y, nero^ 
AiftCTBEiejiBHO, Heo6uRHOBeHHo Ao6poe jihi^o... a KaRi TO cpasy 
anepBue noHaoTB BHOJiHi BupajKenie Map^^H flEROj^aeBHBi: npo- 
craa jiym?^. 

Herto HO CRasaJi'B he cjnoaa bo BpenH npoMiiBKH e 3a6EH- 

TOBRE pyRE. BopECB fl CamRB, HOMOpntflBniECB, OTBepnyJlECB. 

CTapmift OcoRopEH^ h ero sena aoKorajnE: mohejie e noAaaaJiE 
ipanRE, pasopBBBi oaho esi nojiOTenei^'B. 9 Toace noHorajTE,^ 
HeaojiBHO, fjLR caMoro cefia HesaM^THO. Rocth, xjiaAHORpoBna 
Kypa Tpy6Ry, Ha6jiioAaj!i e A'^aJii yRasania oneaB a'^bho, RaR'B 
o6epHyiB pyRy, RaRL npoA^iB nesAy najiBuaME hojiotho e t. n. 
ToJiBRO, RorAa nepeaasRa 6iiJia ROHHena, ji noApoCno pas- 
CRasajii Bce, hto 6kjio. neipo HeaosiiyTHMO, hotte npeacHHMH 

CJtOBaiiE, nOATBepAEJTB. 

— i[K)6juo! RajiE^opnlflcRle CTapue Hpaau! e M^TRiftyAap^ 
TonopoMi)!— He mofb ne craepHEnaiB JbcTH. 

Ojia TOHHO He cjmxaJia ero, ^nacx se o6paTEJiacB hi 

— liana! ceroABE icyacERE sesyirB orypmi ci oropoAa na 



HA KHflSB-OSEPIft. 101 

KJwnXJo. IlycTB ohh bosbhttb IleTpo. IlycTB owh ijifivb bi Mo- 
v8iipB Kb xoKTopy, Bi» ropoxcEyio 6oJiBHHi^. HaAO CKopie na- 
•CTOHii^K) nepeBHSi^... A to Hoserb 6uTh Bocnajiesie^ raHrpeHa. 
Orei^ ea, he CJioaa ne otb^tiibi/ ymejiB no nanpaBJieHiK) ri 
-oropoAy, rji apeeAaiopi eBpeft rpyssji^b orypi^aifH HasflTUfl noA- 
Bosu. AH;Q>et Cepi^BH^'B ffisro He BosBpan^axca. Oji2A&Ji'a na- 
HHTBCfl IIoTpy BOAEi cb RpacHuai'B BHHoiCB. Ofla y^HJia ero, KaRi 
pOBucRaiB AOKTopa H 6ojn>HHity bi Modiipi. Ileipo MOJiia cjiy- 
nuuTby xMypo-HeaoxBHSHO, ocTopojRHO npHA^psQBafl nepoBflsaH- 

HyiO KHCTB pyKH» 

CTapmift OcoKopHHi BepHyjiCH. Ohi 6wrb BOsny^eHi. IIos- 
BOxuKH OBpefli OAHOAepeBOHAfii noipa,— OTRasuBasiiCB nocaj^HTB 
«ro Ha noABOAH. Ohh ne xotIjoi BUSBaTB Ha ce6H th&bi oma 
Herpa, sasHTOHHaro MyxHsa, ycjiyjSHB'B ero cuHy. ^toCu hocro- 
piA ylxaTB on aioft HCioplH, Cjiaro orypi](fii 6&iJiiHyjRe nanoxe- 

fiU, OHH ABHHyjniCB. B-b T6MH0T%, MHMO HaCB, HOHOJiaJIH HXl TO- 

-xbui Kb BU'lsAy H8% ycaAB6u. 
Ho yixaTB hitb ho yAaaocB. 

— nocToftTel— paaAajiCH bo ABopi rpoicRifi sencKit roJiocB. 

MySHRH HOBOJIBHO OCTaHOBHJQI JIOmaAOft. 

— He CTUAHO BaiTB 6ojiiBHoro HejiOB^Ra^ npaBB ohb, uh 
^enpaBi, ne hoabosth, RorAaoH'BMOJRenA^soyifepeTBOTBpaHu, 
>ecjDi BO Bpeica ero ne yBHAHn AORTopi*?! — To roBopHJia Ojih, 
bch BimpjiitHBniHCBi fj^oxs, h CBepRafl rjuiBaMH. Orns KOCTpoBib 
jipBO ocB'lH^ajni ee. 

— Ohb cynpoTHBi oiiia. Ohx CRasajTB nexopomee cjiobo 
OTD^y,— ocTopo»HO BUCTyHHJTB Hsi TeHHOTu caM^B apoHAaTopi 
eBj[)eft. Om roBopHjrb brpbaubo, Hep-lmnrejiBHO. 

— EpaTAu! BU yBeaere Herpa? a^?— noAonma ri caKfiiirB 
nysHRaHii Ojih, ho o6paniafl BHHManlH na Sojui, h a^^^ BSHJia 
OAHoro H8i HOABOA^HROB'B sa pyRy. H BApyrB Bci^ ohh saryAtaH: 

— HycTB ^AerB. Sbhctho, 6ojuin^i&l 

Ho B'B 8T0 MTHOBeme Heipo, ROTopuft MOJiHa cjiynxaji^B Bce, 
tohho a'^o mjio HO 061* HeiTB, BApynb hoahhjtb roaoBy m 
THxo CRasajTB: 

— He HaAO, caiTB AoftAyl JltcRoiTB eoie CRopie ao cTanipH 
AoftAy* Hhi Aoporoft— RpioRB. A a sHaio bi ji'lcy Jiasu, ipoHRH... 

fie HBAO UWb JUKbl 

— Ohb BHaoTB Jiasu, TpoHRH. Ohx CRopie AoftAen,— tohho 
oCpaAOBajuHCB, ohhtb saryAlJiH ifyacHRH. 

— 60JIBH0fi-T0, CB doJIBHOfi pyROS? — HOBOpHyJiaCB OjTH KB 

Herpo. ^ 

— jD[oftAyt — MOTHyjTB^HB rojioBoft H HeojBHAaHHo (SucrpuMi 
maraMH ABRHyjicH npoHB. 

— CiiOTpH-Jse, Herpo, bx MosupB, b'b CojiBHH^y, Kb aor- 
Topy,— RpHRHyjia eiiy bcjAa* Ojih. 



102 P7CCE0B BOrATCTBO. 

Oh'b He OTOBBajicfl, coBcim irtc^esafl b% leiiHort. 

B08H ci orypuaini noTSsjjmch. Bi cyTyjiHxi cmHaz^ nox- 
BOXHEKOBi, tipoAnmrB pjiAOMi Cb Bosaim, CRasuBajica ctuak 
on cosHaHlH, hto IleTpo iipeHe6perbnziiycjiiyroft, ROiopyK), pafls 
CapionHH, pimHJiHCB ohh ORasaTB eny. 

— KaKOFb y MeHfl KOMaHXHpiI — BocuHRHyjTb oreit'b Ojih^ 
sor^a BO ABopi ocTajracB tojibko AOManrale. 

OssL yciajio onycTHJiacB na cryorB. Oaa He OTOsBajnacB Hit 
luyTsy OTi^a. 

— Axi, nana, RaKle bto nec^acTHue j[H)xh! RaKi mhofo 

ASfl HHTB HaXO CA^JiaiBl — CTOHOITB BUpBaJIOCB y H6fl. 

Bhahihb tu ee xasi ssByio b'b MoeirB pascKasi, qyBCTByeniB,. 
noHnnaeniB? SL cTapajicfl Cbttb o6'B6KTHBHmrB, KasB naMeHB. 

TBoft B. 



ivm. 

21 ABrycTa. , 

BepycB CHOBa sa hhcbmo. CoBciMi sane^aiajTB ero B?epa^ 

^iTo6u ceroxHfl ompaBHiB: cflHmajn'B, hto ynpaajiflioii];!! Be^epoHi. 

sa^iin-io ijifTb na CTaH^iIO• Ho ceftnaci, bi ceABHoirB^^ac^ 

yrpa, onaiB pacneHaxuBaio KOHBeprB, 'Tro6£i bjiojkhtb wb [nera 

en^e hIcrojibko jehctkobi. ^^ ■( 

Bon ^0 npoHsomDio erofl ho^k). P | 

Bnepa sa yaumoMi cha&ui ho hohto. Fobopejih Toxenajio. 

He chaIjiocb, He roBopejiocB. BipoHTHo cjiy^aft cb Heipo npo- 

HSBeoTB na Bcixi Tjisejioe Bne^aTJiinle. OJHa BCRop'i no yxo^^ 

IleTpo ynuia. CamKa OcoKopHHi, JKennxi h BopHCi saCpajincK 

Ha ciHOBajni, AHApeft CeprieBHTB cb seHoioyAajaiJiHCBK'Bcefit^ 

H H KocTH FopoxoBi Bce emfi CHA&nn na ABop% y ciojna, cho* 

TpH na HOTyxaiomie bi leicHOTi BOCTpu. BApyn FopoxoBi. 

06paTHJICJJ KO MHi: 

— EanpaABl OTnpaBHMCfl-Ra mu cnan na osepo! 
fl yAHBHJicfl ero npeAJioaceHlio. 

— Xopomo, TOJTBRO He ceftucB. SI nofltAY Hansmy hhcbmo. 
IIoioirB nonjoiBeiTB. Ceft^aci en^e pane! — OTBixHJti h. Mh^ 
zortjiocB onncaTB w6i see, hto npoHsonuio, Bce, tto CA^ajia^ 
CBasajia Ojih. 

— j[l|o6pe! HCyAyAP^MaTB B'B JiOAsiyMocia, — CKasaaii Eocxa* 
fl ymeJTB eb ce6i. HHcaji'B hhcbmo. Y BceHH cipaHHo saBpy- 

SHJiacB roJDLOBa. HpepBajn nncame. Bsmiejii na KpujiBi^o. GTajra 
coBC^Mii TeMHo. KocTpH noracjui. K(^ 6KUta xenjoLaa, jiynmsji. 
Mni xoii^ocB HTO-TO CA&iaiB, KyAa-xo noftin. SI BepnyjiCH m 

OKOH^JTB HHCBMO. HOTOMl CHOBa BUmeJl'B BO ABOp'B. BUJIO OH^^ 

TeMHie. Bi leMHOii hhbko h 6ijiecoBaTO njiiuia no ipaBft poca. 



HA KHfl3ir03BP1&« 103 

H660 6uju) noAHO sBissi. Oho ajti^CB leMHie h 6apzaTHCT%6 hohbk), 
^n b:b nereptfypii. Si aojito cicoTp&ii na SBispi. IIotoii'l 
BcnoMHHJirb npexsoseme Rocth h nomeju'B. no nycTOiiy tomhomy 
XBopy Kb Mocry. IIoAoflnfl Kh nofjA, a owHSHyji'b Kocth). 

— IIpHmeJIl, HSCTpO^JTb?— OTOBBaJICH OHl V8l JlOJSfM. 

Tojuoca HaniH yniiJio, othotjihbo sBynajoi bi THnurai hou. 

— JLidh B'h jiOABy, H yxb sxopoBO BaApoMHyjoii,— npHCasHJii 
Kocth. 

SI cb rpjjipwb wh TOMHort noQajii b^ jloksj h cicyiHO br- 
j^bjTh vb Heft fopoxoBa. 

— GhxhI Si 6yAy fflftcTBOBaTb,— 6ypRHyjrb owb. 

n JiOAKa HecjumiHO, ho 6ucTpo ortb chjibhuxi xBHsenift me- 
cia B% ero icycRyjiHCZux'b pyxaxi nonjouia no KanaBib. TninHHa 
Ciuia nepiBafl. Bona BaHaBH ovb ABBUKenift jeoake SessByHHo eo- 
j[e6aJiacB. Sb^h, OTpaseHHUH bi* oh cobc^i nepHoirb sepRajrl, 
nosa^^HBajmcB, icaRi HeB^AOioie i](BiTu, pacTy^ie h8i> rjQ[y6HHU. 
Ma MOJTiajiH. Eynu xycTOBi no CToponaHi KanaBH npHSjKHJsa- 
jmcB Kb Haifb Ha Bcipi^y, tohho KaRiH-xo TaHHCTBeHHua $h- 
rypH, dsxyTBSBUH BinepHue njranp. H RorAa hu nponjiMBam 
UMO,— OHi xaKx 6yAT0 ynopno cmotp'Ijih naici bi cj^a%« 

HasoHOAx, MU HOHyBCTBOBajiH^ HTO BomjuH B'b oaepo. Crajio 

HOMHOrO CBiljAe. TpOCIHHKH KESaJIHCB AJIHHHSIMH, TeMHUMH OCTpO- 

BaMH. BoRpyrb hhx'b 6iiIjio onpoEnnyroe bhhsi He6o, nojinoe 
8b%8a:b. Eocth Ha^ynaJi'B na jsfA jioakh Becjia. H naA^Bi wcb 
Ha yEJiiOHHHu, na^aJTB chjibho h ir&pHO rpecin. Ohi rpe6i hohth 
6wb myua, BaKi HacTonn^ft ynijoift rpedem. Bb TOMHort Becjia 
MOJiBRajiH no CoRaiTb jioakh, saRi HepHua HHpaioiipfl wb bos- 
Ayzi niHivi. BpismajicB vb BOAy, ohh hpohsboahjih nHTRift 
SByRX, TOHHO SByRX EOpOTRBFO H HQAaBJieHHaro RHniniH. 

— RyAa TU njiHBemB?— cnpocHjanb H. 

— noAaJiBme, r'b cepeAsni osepa. TairB H'firB cobcIitb mo- 
meRBy — npo6ypHajiB okb. 

BcRopi xeMHHe CHJiydru tpocthhrobi ncHesjiH hsi naniHxi 
rjiadB. EpyroiCB 6£iJia BoponeHHaa— ciaaiBHaH rjiawb osepa; b:b 
Heft AposaJiH orpaaReHHUH sBisAU. Mu hjiujik 6yAT0 MesAy 
AByxx He6eci9 BHtisy hoab naioi, n BBepxy naA^ Hami. BoAa 
6jih8i jioarh bo BpeMH OH ABHsenlH cjierna R0Jie6ajiacB, h 6jih- 
saftmiH R'B JiOAR^ 8b%8ah, RaRi n b:b RanaBi, njiaBHO noRa^iH- 
BajiHCB. GxaHOBBJiocB Bce npoxjiaAH^e. BosAyxi 6uj[i nponHTani 
xoJiOAHoft BJiaroft. Heo6o8pHMaH nacca boabe AHmajia na Haci 

TOHHO neBHAHKUM'B UORpUMl TyKaHOMl. 

Mu no npeaRHeity MOJnajiH. He 6yAB h cani vb oco6om'b 
HacTpoeniH, h 6u yAHBHJiqi HOJinajniBOCTH Caiarypa FopoxoBa. 
BApyrB OH:BBCRHHyjirBBucoROBecjia, noAepacajiB nxicoBcinnep- 
neHAHRynnpHO boa%, irodu a^^^ Ranjunrb c6iacaTB cb hhxi, no- 

TOITB CHHJTB MXb Cb yXJIlOUHB H nOJIOSHJI'B Ha AHO JIOARH. 



104 'PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

— SfticB He sa ^0 yRpiiiHib Jioxsy, xase ecji]i6'& y 
nacii 6ujii AKopB, ho xocraHeniB, sipoATHO, SHa, — cicasajrb a. 

— A nycTB Hecerk JioxRy! TOieHlA no^H Hin^ paeni n 
caKOMy yrpy AOHecen syxa HH6ysB kb .6epery,— npoCyp^aJTB 
EocTir, jiosacB Ha pri jqloakh, rfjb 6usa HaaajieHa cojroxa. 

— Tu, BipojiTHO, He JuuBemBi He ycneniB? — neoacHxaHHO 
CRaBajm owh. 

— no^eMy?— cnpocHJTB a, BajpornyBB. 

-- £to TaKHHH rJiasanH chotphtb cb aenepa na niBymKy, 
RasHiiH TBL ceroAHH CKOTptjTB Ha OjiBry Aexpmbej, totb ho 
ycneTB ho^bh). 9io, anreJTB not, HCDHTaHHaa B^BOBaH ncsxoJioriH. 

— JiflS lu sairilTHJii?— daApoauuTB Moft rojioci. 

— Kto JB6 He sairifeTHjrB! JiflBuo pc% sairifeTHJiH! 9to th 
TOJiBKO HHHero He bhahhib! n aio ecTecTBenno. Tase hchxojio- 
UAy — HeBOBxyrBMO npoAOJUcajTB Socth. 

— BjiioCjDEeHHaro? — c^bjoDajTB h nonnrsy ycicizHyTBCH. 

— no ynm!— OTOSBajicH y6&KAeHH0 Kocta. 

— IIo Til roBopsniB, Bci saM^THjra? — ^naiMypHJiCfl sl. 

— Bci, pasBi spoMi ocTOJEona CamsH, xa KynEXona. Hy 
xa dTOTb HECTb xymoft m Tose BJiK)5jieH*B jifi cbhtocth. 

— A maman? 

— Maman, Cpan, moji^iitb, a Bce BHXHrb. Ona, Kasi 8to 
osepo, THxo, rJiy6oBO, a na jpi h pii6a pia[6y icn, h paBO- 

BHHBH, H THHa. 

— Hy, a ^epHOMopi?— rojtocb not craHOBBjiCH ace rjiyme. 

— daona! ^a tbt fjuMmh, cnpocia h sasBiurb Te6& na osepo. 
jD^HHJioiiaTHiecKoe nopy^enie Hiribo. 

— Orb ^epHOMopa bo mhI?— coBciHi saApoacan not rojioci. 

— Sic amicel — naciiiniJiRBO HosiBepAVJrb Rocra. 

— Cjcyraaio,— rjiyxo orosBaJiCfl a. 

— Hejiinoe nopyneHle! — ycicixHyjicH Eocth. — Mh4 nopy^eno 
ysHBTB: He sejiaeTb-JiH neipi BacsjiBeBHHi BiuieitRiJI noJiy- 
HHTB saHHooepasHOy CB KpaftHe AOJirocpoHHmrb KpeAHTOirB, ho- 
6ojamjjo nacTB seium wb ycaAbCi Obhhh, ci' rbwby hto6£i npH 
COffiftCTBlH H npH HenocpeACTBeHHOicB Ha6jUDxeHiK CHHBopa Oco- 
BopHHa ain6 — o6pa6oTUBaTB seiULH), aBCHJioaTHpoBaiB JiicB, chh- 
MaTB Top^i, npocB^niiaTB h js^^htb nooiiiD^yKOB'By— ace aro, ecn 
yro^HO, npH nonon^H nepecejieHiieB'B jraiumeft? 

— Oh'b ci yiia comejrb! — BupBaaocB y mshh. 

— He coBciiTb. HanpoTHBi»: oetb onenB pasyneHB ■ Boo6n^e 

H Bl dTOMl CJiynai BT> naCTHOCTH. OhO XaK'B, XOTB CB MOeS TO^KH 

splHla H Hejiino. C'b yua comejrB kto-to xpyroA* H ecjm cyica- 
mecTBie onaro jipyroro HeBSJiiHHHOy iiero ne lAmaen saCjtaro* 
BpeneHHo onacaTBCfl, to nocji^Hee, Rpaftnee cpeiACTBO — IleTpB 
BacHJSBeBHHx Bmieipdfty Baaii cejiBCEdft RyjiBTBBaTop'Bl OhuS ace 
cyMacmexmfi, aipnie, ohbh HannHaio^afl cxoahtb ch yiia... 



HA KEfl3B-03EPft. 105 

— SocTfl! He raepHEHafl^ roBopH npocro, acho!— nepefiHJi^b h 
€ro coBciicb TijxBWb rojiocoiTB, ^BCTByfl. HTc BecB Aposy He- 
yxepsHHoft spojRBH) H xpoacy He on cupociH na osepi. 

— HcHO? HsBOJiB, — EocTA djTb Ha Ka.i jioxkh, ouh- 
paACB pyRaioi Ha ea 6opTa.— IIoHTeHHiie poahtojih onacaioTCfl, 
HTO neTep6yprcKift foctb mrbBSLJVb hxi Aonsy, Biaftni 0T6Hjn> ee 
7 xyHHAOHa. Bhxoa'b hsi diofl KOicnjniKanlii jiflu hhxi» oahhI) 
BOSMOsmift: KynsAOHa no 6oRy, Bpy^HiB pyxy aohrh noTep^ 
^jpxnjj HO BosjuoacEBB Ha Hero Bce, ci ^irs tojibko h mh- 
cjonrB A^H HEX'S ujxrb etl AO^epH. To ecxb— AepeseHCKoe xo- 

BAftCTBO, A^peBeHCRaJi 6jiarOTBOpHTeJIBHOCTB H HeyBJIOHHilft RyJDtB- 

TypEaim^x, RoneiHO, ne b'b BflCMapKOBCROirB Ctfucjn^, CBnojr&c- 
CEOft ffPOMj rjiaBHoe se, coxpanenie aohrh pflA^amKoirB ci> hhmh, 

HOXb WTb KpUJOimKOlTL. II60 B'b CTOJOIIlfii, A^ A&^d H Wb 60JIB- 

Hde ropoAa, aohkh ohh ne nycTfln, ona h cana ne noiAerL, 
Vb dToicB OTHomenlH AOCxaTO^HO sapasena ?epHOMopoin». OHtia 
cioJiHmi, no 6jiaroHecTHBOMy mh^hIh) Bcero ceiceftcTBa^ coBepmen- 
HHe BaBHJiOHU, FA^ Ayi°&) t- g- ^ JiyHmiH cropoHu npeCu- 
Baion B'h npasAHocTH, ta^ ^HSHTOCKie Hams anneTHTH yAOBJie- 

TBOpflK>TCfl HJni HJIOXO, HJIH HSBpaH^eHHO, MOSrOBHO, yMCTBeHHUO 

annenmi npecun^aiOTCH SoJixoBHefi, xoth 612 h jnynmaro Kane- 
CTBa, HpaBCTBOHHO XB A^TOJiBHUH HoGyacAeHifl HOHeMHory axpo- 
i^^HpyioTCfl. ^epnoMopi AOCiaTOHHO b-b :rh8hh norp'lmHjn» Bciitb 
dXHiTB H HOCTpaAajTB OTi BCOFO dToro. ^0^ M^ HOFO cascoe AO- 
poroe. Ohi totobi a^tb eft BCHKyio itai^y; A^use h£cbojiibko ne- 
pesp&iaro h coMHHrejiBHaro HHrepi^a, — ho vh ropoA'B ee ne ny- 
CTHTB H OHaro nisTGpufi RjJiBTHBHpyerB npH noBcoH^H AepoBHH HO 
CBoeicy. EcjiH :Re HHiepeifi nocji^AHflro ne xo^otb, nyciB no- 
CKopM yisacaerB, JiomaAH BcerAa kb ero ycjiyraiTB... Jl6o no- 
TyTh npoHsoftTH coBciiTB HenpijiTHue KOH^jiHBTH, rJiaBHHM^ o6pa- 
^OMB) Bi HiROft A^BHTOCROft Aynrl... 

KocTfl yMOJiRx. MepiBaa THniHHa OROBajia osepo, JiOARy. IIo 
rjiaAH BOAu JierRoft njieHROft CTJiajicA HHSRift xyKanx. fl cifoxpijirB 
Ha 9TorB TynaHB, to^o b% neirB 6ujlo see a^jio. BnyrpH icenfl 
Bce Apoaecaso, heuio, 6oJiijiio, h TOCROBaJio, h BMibcTi jiHROBaJto. 
SL ne yAHBHJicH 6fii, ocjih-Sh bi dTorB icoMenrB n BApyrs rpoMRO 
Ban^jii, pasroHflfl ifepTByio thhib cbohitb ^aJiBmEBUinb tojiocoitb. 

Ho a TOJEBRO HeOSHA&HHO BOCRJIHRHyJirB: 

— RocTHi Ohh omaCaiOTCHl 

— Ha c^erB A^BaHecRoft sjum? — oiosBajica owb. He coBciicB. 
Bone^Ho, h^crojibro npeyBejaiHHBaH)TB, hto h noHATHO co cto- 
pOHH GojorHn^Hxi AyniOH) o jv>His/b poAHieJieft, ho... sepnuniRO 
ecTB... ^ase RynHAOHi, Raxercfl, na^HnaerB cMyxHO tocro- 
saTB. « 

— SepHBRHRo? JIr)6bv ro MHi?— onflTB BOCRjraRHyjTB K. Mni 
sasaJiocB, hto a cxsa^y Becjia h, RaRi cyvacmeAmifti nanny 



106 pyCCROB BOrATCTBO. 

rpecTH, htoCh uutbca, MqaxBca no dtony HyxHOKy osepy, o^a- 
poBaHHOuy THnmnot hohh. 

— jD[a, npiflrejcb! H ecjiH tu tojeeko noHaJuuseniB, — Kym- 
jipwb coBciiTb nojieTHTb BBopz'b TopManncanH,— B^^pyrb xjonHyjtb 
Keaa no njie^y Kocta. 

— Tii-6u nonajierb... na noeici itbcA? — rjiyxo cnpoourb a. 

— A! dTO xpyroft Bonpocit — BCTajrb na nonr B-b jLojsfLi Kocra. 
Apyrb Tu Moft, — saroBopim ohi» noHra B3BOJDinoBanHmrB roao- 
coitb.— Oflo Konemo — nexi. IIpnKOCHyTBai dbf^mzuM ycaxH vh 
^^XaioiMi JOEsoi'b ryCEam. Ho Bijsjb dio tojibro hhcthhrti» h dcre- 
TBsa. HHCTHHRn, yAOBJieTBopeHHuft, Cucrpo racHerb, dCTeiHKa 
jierRO BiiBixpHBaeTCfl. OcxaoiBHoe ace y nacrb Ch To6ot— $bh)I 

— ?T0) ociasBHoe?— no^n^H sjioCno RHHyjii a eny droTh 
BonpocB. 

— npHBUHKa, VOL cuoHHocTB 6uTB ceicBOHnHOirB,— Hesosicy- 
xaoco OTBiTBJi'b FopoxoBX, — cspoMHOCTB, BO BcixB CHucjiax^B, anno- 
THTOBinoHflHyTaro HHCTHHSTa, fi8Ha6aj[0BaHH0CTB noifanyroft csopo 
npexoAflqefi, no Bcerxa roioBoft oCnoBEtBCfl no HOBOHy noBojQr^ 
dCTeTBKB; CB&KecTB, naKOHeiVB, Bcero cyn^ecTBa, Ta noisa, na 

KOTOpOft MOSBO BOSpaCTHTB BC% dTH ^pyKIU, ZOTH 6HCnOC06oirB 

^epnoMopa, cnoco6oiii xepeBoncKOft hsojuo^. 

— Ho J11060BB... JtK)6oBB? — no'^TH npocTonaJTB a. 

— Ciapuft Hoft KOJiJieral*- BspyrB nojioaouTB Mni na nie^B 
o6i pyEH EocTfl — a o6i>izajii» EpyroicB CB^Ta. SI Ctun^ BJiio6jiieH!B 
b:b finonlH, b-b fonojiyjiy, na HpnniieBHrB ocTpoBarb, b'b Hp- 
jianAiH, B'B HoJODbmi^, no roBopn yxi> 06% OTe^ecTBi, cepBOsno 
BJ[io6juiJicfl« BOTB xaKso BOolnjcB, KaKB HI ceftnacB, n nontpB, 
BHBOJii OAno; Bce axo — nncmnKTB n dcieTHRa. JlerRO npnzo* 
AHTB, jierRO npoxoAHTBl A ociajiBHoey ^0 nsi jqoCbh sbjiaerb 
xopomyH) npnBasannocTB h npnBHisy, naicn cb loSoft nociano 
cpoAH namero xoJiocToro GpoAflJEHHHecTBa; y nena bi Cpoaaokhh- 
HecTB*! vh 6yEBajiBnoMi CMUcjoti, y tqCsl bi jMciBenno-npaB- 
cTBennoM'B CpojvuKnnqecTBi. Kxo bu, cioJinHnafl nHrejumreniitla, to- 
nepB, RasB ne Tasie ^on^oBHue 6poAHrH? BpocB, nosajiyft, jram- 
nioK) a:epTBy nncrnnKTy n dcxoTnE^, la^n bi nnxep'B OjienBKy. 

— A noftAorB? — noTcn npocionaJii a. 

— noMann xopomenBBO, — noacaoTB nje^aiin Eocxa. — Bi^^ b:b 
neft Toace cbob nncTHnRTU n cBoa saxAa rapHnpa snann, xoia 
6u wh BHAi KpacnHX'B CJ^OB^. 

— Qna nofiAOTB na Kpacnua caoBa?— cb yKopoirb bocrjoib- 
nyjTB a. 

— dThy rjtik Ta nncraa ^yma, ROtopaa, fiaaroAapa pastfyxen- 
noMy nncinnRTy, ne nomaa-bii sa aioSmrb RpacnoSaeiTB, npo- 
XBOCTOMi?— npespHTeaBno, Toino mBupnyai bi Bo^y am caoBa 
Eocia. 

— PopoxoBiI nocaymaft!— RpnRnyai a rniBHO. 



HA KSaSB-OSEPB. 107 

— OCKOpfiHUCfl? Hy H8BHHHI BopO^eiTb, a CBOK) ICHCCiK) noH- 

HHjrb. MosemB sasTpa oCpaTHTBca Kb cauony %pHOMopy c% 
oiff^EuXzjaBuwh jrpejiflQTBieBiewb pyKH h cepwa ero AonepHl A h, 
6paTb, saeBSLThCA He co6HpaH)CB, noceny Cy^y cnaiB, Kasi y6H- 
mfl!— H OHi HupHyjii na aho jioarh. i 

J^OJiro-JDLH a CHx&Dii MOJi^a H HenoABHXHO, Hd 8HaH). CipaH- 
Huft 8ByEi ciajTB AOHOCHTBca AO MeHa. GnepBa a ndaae ne no- 
HaJTb, OTsyAa stotb snyirB. IIoToicb AoraA&nca: 9to yse noxpa- 
miBajTB BO cwb Kocia. Ho BCKopi a nepeciaai sai^^TB arors 
BByBi. SL B6CB norpysHaca bi ce(5a. 

Oaepo cnaao. Ero CMyTHua KBjaj saiyMaHEBmHCB jier&HMa 
Ty^KaicH, Tose KaiTB 6yAT0 cnaaH ray6oRO-H6pTBHii'B choitb. He 
GnaaH a, a& He6o aaAO mhoio. Sb^sau sopKO CMOTp-laH na 
MCHa, CRB08B HaOiraBmift '^ep'B tohkhxi a hbsehx'b o6aaKOBi, 
BibpoaTHO, HeyaoBEMtDCB Hcnapemft osepa. 

J^a, BB^SAU raaA'^^ na Meaa. H a raaAiai na ehzi vh 
m6i H, onycEaa raasa, na bxi OTpasenia bi boa^* Owb louo 
HH Ha MTHOBeHie He zot&ih a&tb wA ycKoaB8HyTB on hx'b 
BaraaAa. Jlj)yrB Mofl! CTapuft Hoft Apy^Knn^e! Ectb ray6oKie ne- 
omcyeMue MOMeHiu bi ncHXHRi leaoB^^ecRoft. Ha Aynii Hoeft 
Bce KaEi-TO MepxBeHHO 8aTHxao, BApyrB cpa8y. 

B'B dio Bpeica na^aao CB^xaTB. T'I^hh ho'^h (noMHnmB HoaoH- 
CKaro?) ByAa to nonoasaH, Bce CAiaaaocB 6'laecoBaTtnrB, 6aiA-' 
mnrB, sb'^sau racaa neaau^THO, tohho ycnoKOHBiuHCB 8a Mena. 
GoaHite en^e ne noanaaaocB Ha ropasoHT^. Fycioft 6&iuft ly- 
uaffB noAHaaca otb osepa a OKyiaai aoARy. FopoxoBi cnajii 
CHOHi npaBOAHHRa. Meaa Bcero npoHHsaaa cupocTB xyMaHa. H 
mxo Bsaaca sa Becaa h aanaai MOAaeHHO, necJiuniHO rpecxn. S 
He 3Haa!B, sanim a rpe6y, KyAa nauBy. fl AB^raa'B BecaaMH, 
aoABa maa, ho, OByxaHHuft cnaonmHiTB xyMaHOH'B, a dxoro ae 
aaii^Haai. BApyrB aoAsa 060 "ixo-xo xonRHyaacB. H BCHOxp^ca. 
OsasaaocB^ to Cbuio ysKoe ycxBe KanaBH-isAOBBH. 9, ocxopoxHO 
HamynfiiBaa BecaoMi 6epera ea, BABanya'B aoARy bi KanaBy h 
noHauai no neA, oxraaRHBaacB xo cnpaBa, xo caiba aecaoiTB. 
BApyrB BecB xyMaai CA^aaca cpasy KaKHicB-xo aaxapHUirB, no- 
xoH^B nypnypHO-aauM'B. H cpasy nanaai oc^a&xb, p^a^xb. Goam^e 
BunauBaao na ropasonxi ocainnxeaBHO Rpacnoe. Ei MOOHy 
yABBaemio, aoARa 6uaa yace B6aH8H ea npacxaHs: y Mocxa. & 
nonpoCoBaai 6yAHXB Kocxk). Ohi xoaBKO npoMUHaai> hxo-xo h 
iBepnyaca jotnowh bhhsi: aipoaxHO, oxi coamia ero raasasrB 
mo 6oaBHO. BsAa, tto ero ne pacxoaKaemB, a cnaai cb ce6a 
uiBxo, npHRpna'B BicB KocxK), npsHaaHa'B aoARy, npHBasaai 

Kb no^epH^oft noROCHBmefica CBai Mocra, h BucROHHa'B 
^ 6eperB. 

H XHXO nomeaB no xpaB%, cobc^mi HoapoB oxi Jpocu. B'B 
}eBHi RpHHaaa nixyxH. H meai ne wb AepoBHio. jf meai na 



108 P7GCK0B BOrATCIBO. 

oropoA'B* TaiTb ecTB. majiam'b irsi sepxeft, npHRpuraifi cojiomoA h 
XBopocTOH'b. B'B aroiTb majnami xneirB oxxuxaerb ceicBH apee- 
xaTopa oropoAa h ero pa6oTHHitu-ff6BymsH eBpeflKs. Houh) bc% 
yxoAfln Bi xoMi apeH^aTopa B'B a6P6bhk). Mh% saxoriJiocB na 
nojiqaca yftTH bi diorB majianrB, jKputhcs, Bi neicB on Bcin 
H Bcero, AEJKe on cojiHe^naro CBiia. 

Ho Eor^a a noAomeoTB kb majiamy, a CiurB paso^apoBaH'B* 
HicKOJiBEO MOJio;(Kix'B eBpeoRB yse EononiHJQiCB B'B HOMB, xa- 

JieHBKLi A^BTOHEH HOJISaJIH y HZl HOFl. fl ZOrtjTB yAaJIHTBCfl, 

HO BK^CTO Toro noAomejii r'b niajiamy. 

— FyiB MopreHil — na cboomb naioxoiTB H^^iceitROirB azhoA 
MCROBO CRasajiB s eBpefiRaxi. 

Oak OTB^THJiH Tose na sA^niHeMB eBpeflcROirB Ais^eRri. Hxi 
TeHHiie BupasHTeJiBHue rjnasRH CBepRHyjiH npHB^iJUHBO. Oco6eHHO 
y OAHOft HBi HHXB, OHOHB xopomeHBRoft, cnyrjioft cxpoftHoft, RaRl 
R080?Ra, cb MaccoA yrojsBHo-Hepnux'B bojiocb h orpoMHUXH, yse 
B'B ea 13—14 jAtb, cTpacTHUKB tophuhh rjnasaioi. 

— Warum sind sie hier so fnih? — cnpocmnb a. 

— Freuleln kommt,— nyroraBO C'braa rjiasaxH, oTB^nuta 9ia 
OBpefiRa. 

— Bapumaa? — BupBajiocB y MeHfl yse no pyccRH. 

— XosflftRa, MOJuoAafl, — OTB'lTHJia OBpefiRa na TaROH'B-se njio- 

XOM'B pyCCROMB, RaR'B MOft E'llfei^Rift. 

— SantMB?— cnpocHJTB B, HyBCTBya, TTO Bce BaMepjio y Mena 
Bi> rpyAH. 

— Oaa xoAHn pasroBapHBaTB ob Haara. PascRasuBaerB naiTB, 
MHoro, HHoro... HaifB H A^T^iTB. 3to moh cecipeHRH, — noRasajca 
eBpefiRa Ha HajieHBRHXB AlTeft y cbohxi hofb. — IIoRa xoaasHB 
CHHrB, uu H yxoABiTB ciOAa pasroBapHBaTB cb naHHOfl... Ona paHO, 
pano BCxaerB. Ilpa xosflHH^ ona ne xo^en, npa nameicB xo- 
sflHHi, npH 3ejii... Oh'b hotou'b, tfesi hbh, sapyraeiB nacB, hto 
He paCoiaeiTBy a cjiymaeH'B nanno^Ry... A 6e8'B nero m ee cjiy- 
maeiTB, cjiyniaeicx... H caicH pascRasuBaeiTB, RaRi mh summewb... 
Ona Bce cnpaniBBaerB, bco cnpamHBaeTB,— osHBJieHHo, cb comh- 
nnecKofl xecTHRyjiflipeft, pasroBopHJiacB eBpeftRa. 

9 xoTijnb cnpocBTB, o ^en'B hmb pascRasuBaerB nanna^ ho 
BMicio dToro BApyrB HeojRHAaHHo A^ ce6fl cdpochjtb: 

— JlEoCHTe BH naHHOHRy? 

Ho BApyrB Bct bth oCopBanHSfl, rpasHHA a^bohrh, aaso 
caMUfl MajieHBRk, samyK&iH, BKUfrldJUH hsb majiania b, ne ofipan^aa 
GoJiBme HHRaRoro BHHMania na mchh, no6isaji[H ci RpHRaMH no 
Memi oropoAa. S noBepnyjicJi lyAa, RyAa oni 6&Rajiii, bc% pa- 
AOCTHo, ropiaHHO RpH^a h noAnpurBBaa. 9 nonajn hxi. H^A^ura 
OTB AOMy no icesi mjia OjiBra AHApeeBsa. 

FpflAu oropoAa, 6ojiBnieio nacTBio y»e paspmaro, nepHtJoi 
xHpHo B apRo B'B 6jiecRi cojmi^a, orriHflfl JierRyio CTpoftnyio 



HA RHfl3I»-03EP«. 109 

^■rypy bi CB^TJioirB CHiiteBOMi njiaiBi... RaR'B Bonjion^eHie nep- 
BXiTb HiacHuxx MBHyTB jri^THATO flCHsro jipa, npH6jiEsajiacB OHa 
Ki sasKOMy maiaiiiy noA^Hn^Hi^'B'eBpeeBfB. 

^iBOHKH lasB H noBHCJin Ha neft, it^njuHHCB sa en njiaiBe, 
sa pyKH, HeyMOJiHHO Tapaiopn na cBoeiTB nojiypyccROMx, nojiy- 
HiHeilROifx HsuR'b. Ona 6Hjia saniTHo Cjn^AHa, ho JiacKOBO 
yjm6ajiacB hmi, Bopo^em, RaRi-TO 6oJii8HeHHO cjia6o. 

B^pyrb OHa yBEA'^ft mbha. Ona cosdhwb noejiiAHiJia. Ona 
satiiuia npo CBpeeRi. Ofla saicepjia na itIct^. jD^pyroft laKoft mh- 
Hyru fl ho nepejRHBy HHRorAa. fl HyBCTBOBaJOfB, RaRB a 6j['Iah^, 
HyBCTBOBajTB, RaRi Hamn rjiasa BnHsaioTCfl Apyn* bi aP7^^- ^ 
CA&saji'B man kb nefi. Ona RaRi to ROHByjiBCHBHO cxajia pyRH 
OAHOfl HS^b MaJieHBRHXB OBpeORB E CTOAJia, CMOip'&iia - CACOipijia 
KB MOH rJiasa 60JIBmHMH, imi RasaJIOCB, HOBipOHTHO OrpOlfHUMH 

rjiasaHH. fl CA'i^jiiaJi'B eme marB. fl ho snaJTB, hto CRaxy, ho 
^BCTBOBaJTB, HTO CRasy ^TO-TO ysacHoo. BipofliHO, xopomi a 
6uji7> nocjii 6e3COHHOfl ho'^h sa osepi... Ona Bce MOJi^ajia, Bce 
CKOTp^a na mohji, cyAoposHO yii^iniaBmHCB sa py^OHRH a^bohrh. 
E BOTB fl noAomejTb coBciMi Sjihsro rb net h CRasaJiB: 

— OjiBra AHApeoBHa! fl zcRan'B BacB. Bams Bci cnarB. fl 
xorijii capocHTB. ynpaBJiaionqft, RasercH, ijsfiTb ceroAHfl na 
craHiUK). Mory a cb hhmi? Mh*! hooCxoahmo. Ilopa... 

fl HO ROHUJii; 6jAjifl^y KaRB noJiOTHO, ona Bce CMOTp^Jia Ha 
HeHJi. Fjiasa ea ciajiH RaRi 6yAT0 en^e 6ojD[Bme. Ona HOJUHajia, 
naRoneAB, MeAJnenHOy tiessByuLO CRasajia: 

— ^a, ynpaBJiaion^ft 'bjudTb... FpyA^ m bucoko noAnajiacB 
B onycTHJiacB. Mu o6a aojito MOJiHajiH. EBpefiRH bo Bci rjiaaa 
cuorp'ljm na nacB. 

— fl nonpoioy BacBoGiOAHOicB,— CRasajia ona, naRoneiTB, no 
npesHeny GessByiHO.— EorAa bh 6yAeTe na cranitiH, ysnaflTe... 
OTB Roro HuCyAB... H HanHoiHTe mh^ cb OOMOft CHAOpOBH^eXB, 
flpHmejTb-jni IleTpo, paneHufi, ycn'iJiB-jiE oh'b na yipeHHift no- 
i^Kh B-B MosupB?.. fl He Morjia cnaxB. Mh£ bco ^^yAEJica IleTpol 

KaR% OH'B EAOTB HOHBK) Bl TOHHOTb, HO Jlicy, OAEHB, paHOEHfi, 

noRBHynifll.. 

Ona BApyrB yMOJiRJia. fl CAiJiaji'B en^e marB r'b neft, thxo 
BHCBo6oAEJi'B Apoxan](eft pyROft efl 6ji%AHyK) pyRy hsi nepnoft 
rpflBHoft py^OHRE MaioHBRoft eBpefiRE, noit&iOBairB jiflsamwb no- 
i^^eiTB ea Hfljri^ey xojiOAHue, RaR'b jiOAfB, najiBiQi e nomeJiB 
^poHB, He orjuAHBaacB. 

IIpEAfl Bi ROMHaiy vb ce6i, a JHXopaAOHHO pacRpujTB yxe 
aneqaTaHHoe hhcbmo r'b Te6i, npo6%sajrB to, tto nanHcaHo, e 
&rB HEcaTB Bce bto. fl AOJUROHi 6BurB 8T0 HEcaTB Te6i. Hna^e 
, KOxeTB 6bitb, 8apuA^LirB 6u, RasB pedenoRi. KoHHaio! RoH^aio 
ce. H dTO HHCBMO, E to! noHEMaemB? Shctehrtb cuovuLewb^ 



110 P9C(S0B IQrAXCTBO. 

acieTHBa BUBiTpurcs, saRi ys'lpjien 6poxflra-$HAoco$ib, xo cars 
nop'B ciunttft Bi mfjA j Kocxa, noKb uoma nanTO. 

GaKib OTsesy aio hhcbmo Ha CTaHitfio. MeHfl nolsxi nonecen 
Bi nHiepi, nHC&MO dTO N> Te6% B'B rxj6h BeuRopocciH. IIoBasH 
ocTaH6Tca XBKoe H TBxoe rXojrito&e n ero aicraiar, ci ero 60- 
AOTaMH, jsicaicH, ci KHasB-OaepoiTE, bi KOiopoirb a dToftno^H) 
noxopoHHXL cbok) jiio6oBB| TaiTb se, rxi H^Borxa nozopoEHJiH 

CBOR) JDOSOBB BHflSHTB-JIHTBHHl H eBpeftRa-mSHICapRa. Ho OHK 

noxopoHHJUE Birficrt, cjoiBinHCB BB npeACiiepTHOirB o6BflTlH na- 
Bcerna... 

Ecjm 6h tu sHaiTB, RasB raxjao xopoHSTB j[h>6obb oahoxj, 
OAHHOBO9 8Hafl... ?T0 SHaa? Hh^ofo ho xo'iy BsaTBl Seaio oxho: 
OHa 6ujia AHBHO xopoma icesAy 9thxb o6opBaHHHrB A^Bonen- 
noAesn^HirB, cb CBoeft aadoToft, h B'B TaRyio KHHyiy, paneHoiTB 
nerpo... 3HaiQ oa«o: a He otHEKax) ea hh y anrB xbno^eK'bj 
HE y nerpo, hh y... Ho Heysera se ona 6yAen xenoft MHAJra- 
meBH^t... TboS B. 



XIX. 

Bhibho, 22 anrycTa. 

nBmy Te6% yse ksB Bhjibho, bbrb BHAHinB, cpaaHHTejotBHO 
RoporeHBRoe nocJiaHie, ffi6ji tu sHairb, hto cib Moeft nojrIccRot 
dCTeiHRoft Bce x^ftcTBHTejiBHo ROH^eHo. IIocjiAHee HHCBKO, RO- 
IL roe R B^epa oinpaBUTB re6i caul, co craniilH, 6iiJio h 6e8- 
ROse^Hoe, H BHOXHi cyHacmeAmee. Hbb dToro nHCBKa tu yBH- 
AHHiB, HTO fl ctajiB ^yiOHRy notpesBie. Ysb oahhb oni^A^ hsb 
ycaA^Cu, OAHa nepeiriHa uicta OTpesBHJUH MeHfl. 

OrBisAB Moft coBepoiHJicfl BecBica (SjiaroDpHCToftHO. EABa jbc 
sanenaTajiB Moe hhcbmo rb Te6i, bb mok) ROMHaiy abejioh 
AHApeft CeprieBHTB* KaRB BcerAa, cnoRoftHuft h RoppeRimrt, 

HO OHOHB fijI^AHUfl* 

— Mofl AOHB coo6iiiHJia ich%, too bu lopoHHTecB no A^JiaMi 
yixaiB?— cRasajiB ohi CAepaRanno. 

SI MOJiHa noRJioHHJiCH. Ohi noMOjraajiB h RaRi 6yAT0 emfi 
6oJiBnie no6j[iiAH%^« 

— 3ro HeHsetacHO? — cnpocHJTB ohb sna^HTeJiBHO. 

— BnoJiHi! — THXO, ho TBepAO CRasasB a. 
Ohb OHflTB noHOJraaJiB. 

— He npeJiBH^aeiB BacB...— na^aJiB ohb, saiiiTHO BOJinyflCB. 

— Hhhto!— nepe6HJiBacoBciifB roiyxo, ho TBepjRO npexnaro. 
Ohb npnciajiBHo hocmotp^jib na mohh. 

— TpyAHo CTpaxnyTB cb ceCn...— HanajTB ohi. 

— To, HTO yxe naBcerAa bbI&jiocb, — oqhtb nepeCHJui a. 
Ohb noaRaJTB HJienaMH nyrB ne npeapHreJiBHO. 



HA RHfl8IrK)8EP«. Ill 

— SaBTpaRi Ha ciojA. Uocxb saBipaRa ynpaBJiaioiitift 

^- H ceftHac:b yjiosycB, — CKasaJTB a, nouoHHBmHCB onaiB 

— ^0^ HOA Ch MHftirameBHqeirB yixajiH na osepo,— npo- 
TjemyjTB OcoKopEErs, yse jxoffi. 

— Bii nepexaSHTO mrb Mot npHB^rB h noace,DaH]ji Bcero 
jy^maro. Baci se cb cynpyroioCjsaroxapiosarocTeDplHKCTBO, — 

— He 8a TTol cnacH6o 8a ROKnaHlio, — cyxo oiosBajica 
AHxpeft CeprieBHTB a Bmnairb. 

9 yjtoKHJi'B Benqi, nepeox&icfl a Toxe Bumejui bi CTOJioByio. 

— Tbi y%8JKaeiiiBl — iparH^ecKH 6pocHJ[CH ko mh% GamRa, 
TO^rao & yisxajTB no MOHBineft nipi Ha ama^orb. 

OiTh Bce Bpeiftfl necHOCHO JioMaJucfl, CTapaacB Bfiipa8HTB cosa- 
jrikde xo<^paro icajiaro h zo8flHHa o6i> oniss^ lOBapHn^a h ro- 

CTJI. BopHCl-TeXHHKB OCTOpOSHO, EaSOTCfl, H6 6681 HaCHimKH, 

nocMarpHBajTB na mohh. FopoxoB-B 6e8ne^Ho pyrnyjTB mghh 8a 
TO, HTO fl ocTaBEiTB 610 Bi jioARd^ HO HofijiaroAapHJii 8a naiBTO 
H menHyjTB hh^ na yxo npeROiCH?HUHi, Bopo^OMB, He JoimeH- 
smrb TenjiOTU monoioiTB: 

— MoJiosuHEH^e! 

fl RpHBO H cJnaCo yjiii6HyjiCA na aio. 

Map^ HHROJiaeBHa sajioBajiacB na loirpeHB. FjiaBa ea, cb 

WX'h yCHJIHBniBMCfl TafiHKlTB tfeSHOROftCTBOlTB, yRpaSROft OCTaHa- 

BJiHBajiHCB Ha vffb He to cb yAHBJieHieirB, He to Cb y^acTieicB. 
Mysi ea Cujotb BiacjiHB'B, ho xnypi h MOJi^ajmB'B. SaBTpaRB 
npomeJTB naTanyTO. Ecjra 6'b ho myid^ CamRa h ne raepHH- 
^ajTB EocTfl, BciiTB 6iiJD[0 6ii oneHB nejiOBRO. 

ExBa ROHHHJICfl BaSTpaRB, Kb RpHJIBIQr HOASaTHJI'B yiipaBJiflio- 

n^lt. $OMa CHAopoBHHii nplaTHO h jiyRaBO yjaiSnyjiCH Bceft CBoefl 
BejiHRopyccRofl ^HsioHOMiefiy chah wl TeirkksAf Tpji yse aesajiH 
MOH Ben^H. SI oCHfljicfl CB CamRoft^ Roiopfiift bohIxjii: 8JioAiftl 
TasB CRopo!— CB RocTeft, ROTopuftmHn%Ji'BMH%Bi»yxo:— roBopio, 
MOJiOAHHHHH^el — HOirbjuoBajTB pyRy xo8aftRH, ROTopaa npH btoitb 
coBcftiTB onycTHJoa rjiasa, qTo6i ne BctpiTHTBca cb mohkh, no- 
xajTB pyRy AHApeio Cepr]&6BH?y, ROTopuft Chjtb xojioaoh'b, RaRB 
BaM6HB, h cIjib b'b TejiijRRy. ^OMa CflAopoBHHX JiHxo Tponyjinb 
BOBsaiCHy H a HORHHyji'B ycaAB6y. 
f $oiia CflAopoBH^B ycHJueHHo raajTB aomaA^ft h, to^ho coo6pa- 
aa HTO-TO, HOMajiRHBaai... Ha noBopoTi 6aecHyaacTaJIBHaa^o- 
)CRa. 

— HniB OHO EHa8B-036po name! n8AajiH ropHTBl Kpacoia!— 
casaai $OMa Chaopobh^'b, to^iho ho yAepacaBnnicB. 

SL npoMOJTiairB h MoaHajTBBciABaHacaisABiAOcaMoftcTaHi^H. 

JHCTii Ha nyTH RaanaaacB kh6 cbohmh AJSHHHiiMH nocaioi, RaRB 

1(10 vh mrb jwsanTb roaoBaxi cToaao: CRaTepBio Aopora. 



112 P7CCE0B BOrATCTBO. 

Ha BORsajii nepBuft CpocHJicA irai bi rjiasa ^epnonasuft jkexoki 
flflKejiB, ROTopuft Ben hecb cb MiwinmeBHHeirb bi ycaAbfiy. 
Ohi BecB yjmCajiCfl h Aepraaicfl. 

— ^kojib! Th 8HaemB, nerpo hsi OsHqeft cb o6pi3aHHincb 
naJiBi^eMi? He bha^ji'b, yixajTB owh ceroAHa na nois^ vh Mo- 
8£ipB?— cupocHJi'B A ero ceft^aci se. 

— *BK)!— CBHCTHyJIl flHKeJTB. — yKaiHJU'B B-B MoSUpB! GaiTL 
BHA&Hl — fl SHAORl flHReJtB BeCB CiHJTB OTB CHaCm, ^TO MOrB 
lUA C006lI^HTB 810. 

S cijvb Kb cTOJiy Ha CTani^iHy sBipsaJTB aai RapuaHHoft 
RHHSRH jiBCTORi H RapaHAamoiTB HaUHCaJTB: 

cjloporan OjiBra AnApeeBna, IleTpo bi Moaupi. YsHairB on 
OHeBBWA ero orB^sAa. Jlpyroft, xoace paneHBift, ho loxe no- 
iiaBmlft jA^wrhCR IIeTpo!> 

SaHiMi fl HanHcajii nocJiiAHia cJHOBa, ho snaio. Ho nann- 
cSkJVby AOCian^B b'b Racd ROHBeprB, sanenaTajii^ bi neiTB dTy sa- 
HBCRy H oTAajsi jiio6e8HOMy $om% GHAopoBH^y ajia nepeAa^H. 
JlyKaBBie rjiasRH JnoBRaro yupaBJiaion^aro TaRi a saCtrajm 
npH nojiyneHiH naReia. 

— HepeAaiTB, nenpeutHHo nepeAairBl— ycHJieHHO yBipajs'B 

OETB MeHH, TOHHO fl 6rO yMOJIflJB'B 061 STOITB. 

SarbicB a nomejTB wb BaroHi. Ahrbjib, Stuio, noTan^HJTB koh 
aenilii sa HHofi. Ho ero xaRi nyrnyjrB scaHAspMi, ^ro 6iAHHl 
xhaor'b HyTB He ynepi co cipaxy: Ben^H naccajRHpoBi mosho 

HOCBTB TOJIBKO SeJflSHOAOpOSHUlf'B CJiyJRaH^BMX. 

— Ho A&DcoMi, sHaft CBoe m^^ctoI— nomyrHJTB a, RHAaa Bece- 
JiOMy XBARy AByrpBBeHHuA yxe bs'b ORna narona. Ha ary 
leny: sHaft CBoe iiicToI a ynopHO b ropecTHO pasMunujurB bck) 
Aopory AO Bbjibho. Hpiixas'B se dOAa* oinpaBEJicfl bi BepRH, 
Ao6BJB[ca CHOBa paspiimeHifl nofliH b% RaHipepcRift aomib^ otei- 
CRaB'B nopTpeii RHaniHH PaASBBHjurB, nouHHmB? npoMopHiTB 
nepeAi» hbitb no«H nijiuA naci conpoBosAaBmaro MeHH ^eme- 
HeCejiBHaro JiaRea. 

MyAHuft nopTpen! TenepB owb mh% noRasajica en^e Jiynme. 

H ^yAHoe-^yAHoe ^bho\ RaRi opejiecTHa ara RHaniHfl! RaffB 

oea ROReTJiflBal n RaRoe cTpaAanie la&Ho hcrphtch bi ea ro- 

ROTCTBil RaRl 6OJIIBHO H CJiaAKO 6hJI0 MH^ CMOTp^TB Ha HBO, 

tohho h a, H OHa noHHHaeH'B Apyn* Apyra, noHHMaeicB rope 
XPjrB Kpjn. A ona, mosbtb 6htb, yxi Jiirb cto yiiepaa. 

%o a^&tb! pacRanaBmyiocaacTeTHRy cpasyne ocraHOBHmB— ^ 
Bce HHteTB ce6ib hbh^i. He A^poti RBHyjica a b'b BepRH Kb 
dTOMy nopTpoTy^. IlycRaft la aiwTB CBHHi(OBot npHMOHROft aPJ- 
roro HoTpo, a ara CBoeft yjai6R0ft ropAOft ROReTRH-cipaAaaBim 
ycaaAHTB TBoero CTaparo, OAyp^Bmaro... 

H CHOBa a ixajii no ORpecTHOCTau'B Bbjibho, no AP^Bnexy 

rOpOAy, MBHO OcTpo6paHH, MBMO BBJieHCRBX'B fi^An^ROBl CB HXl 



EA. EHJi8&-08BP«. 113 

rpycTHUKH CiaroposHUfH jnoiaiar... Eojibho mh^ 6Bauio... Oiohb 
<$0JiBH0) fl Bce se xopomo... Ho 6acTal j!(oBOJiibHO cesTHiceHiaJib- 
fiocTff, xoBOJiBHo acTenRB. nHim wai wb IlffTepi... 

TBoft B. 



noTepfiTpn* CeBiiitipB. 

H xeCi He oiBiiHjrb Ha laoe hhcbiio, Boiopoe HsmejTB sjsjbcb 
iBi vh KOTopoMi TU HHQieniB: cHaiipacHo ra HOCJiyaiajicH Fopo- 
zoBa— KTO jfftcrsMh 8Haerb> ^ t. n. ^ynasil PasB^ ji nocjiy- 
majicfl FopozoBa? Ge6fl, ceOn a nocj^yRiajica—CBoeft norepcsoft 
^poAflseft xyniH! (6poxflsefi, — aoHHsnib, no CAOBan, no tojiro- 
BBBiio Rocth). 

He xoT^JTB a torAa hh o qexi o6i dTon nacaTEl Ki'ieify? 
Bce B^ffB kohhhjiocb! CsoBa bji^si bi» rasery, Bit nojmusy BHy- 

XpeHHIOK) H BHiniHK)K), Bl rpUSHK) CI HdAaTOJOLeMB, CL TffiEdO- 

paMH, — cjioBOHi, 30 Bcl hoaoGhua npoJuecTH. Hy h HeneroBopo- 

IDBTb nCRpH, KOTOpUfl ZOTH H XTJTb, HO HOAOprHBaiOTCfl BCe- 

TaKH nenjioirb... Borb a h MOJinajTb, ho B^epa noJiy^HJOTB ciH Asa 
j^OKyiceHTa, Koiopue KOOHpyio Te5i tohho: 

1) Ha KOHBepri: C.-IIeTep5yprB. JlHieftHaa. H. B. Biuiei]i- 
xoMy. Bb KOHBopii: njioTHuft, aiJiacHcraft jnicroK'b, na Eoxopon'B 
BanenaTaHO sojiotuhh CyKBavH: 

AHApeft CeprieBH'^i h Map^a HnKOJiiaeBHa Ocorophhk HMi- 
JOTB qecTB hsb'Icthtb SpaROcoqeraHiH Aoneps hzb OJiBrH Ah- 
ApeoBBu ci BflKeHTleMB EBJiaMnieBHHeMB MHAJanneBH^eHi, koto- 
poe GyAeiB coBepmeno. bb ropoA^ Bhjibho, bb zpaiii TaROiTB-To, 
HHCJia lasoro-TO ceHTfl6pH M'icHi](a... 

2-ft AORyMBHrB— HHCBMO EOCTH— HOCJiaHHOB, B^pOATHO, HO- 

vHoro noBse. Oho rjiacHiB: 

cORpyTHJIH, MOJIOAHEHBH^e, IBOK) dCTOTHRy CB RyHHAOHOMB! 

Ilocjii TBoero oiBisAa cava saTopoHHJia CBaAB6oft. IIozyA^jia h 
crajia RaRaa-TO npospa^Hajsi. Mbhh sanpHTJiH bb ma^epa. Bin- 
Hajm ceroAHA yipoirB bb i^epRBH-mROJii (ba^b bb Bhjibho octb 
TaRaa: bx 6orobuxb npHAijnazB napra — cnpaBa A^ta MajiBHHROB'By 
CJ[%Ba A^ A^BoneRi, AHeH'b hzb Tain> ynarB). Ha CBaABCy hbh- 
jDacB Macca pefiHiB-mROJiBHHROB'B Hsii jsioGomiTCTBa. HeBicra 
CRasaia: 

— RaRii dTO zopomo! fl ohohb paAa, tto dniouoiH a^th lyn. 

^eHHZB CLSUIB. OhB TaRl H CMOTpHTB BB OH TJiasa, RaKB 

BipHHft necHR-b. Hy, a ona 6iiiJia icepTBeHHO fin^AHa, zota yAH- 
BBTejiBHO cnoROftna h xopoma! 

* Bi^H^ajiH Bib Bhjibho Hsx-sa poAHUZB JsenHxa. OHBocTaBHJTB 
CJQ[ys6y. CeroAHH ace Be^epoirB BOSBpan^aexca bb ycaAB6y Oco- 

ROpBHUXB, H HaAO AJHaTB, HO rpo6B JRH3HH. %0 SCO.' OAHHJTB My- 

Mi 4. Orxi^'b I. 8 



114 PyCCKDB BOrATCTBO. 

aceiTb noffib (SannfaRoirb h HaHBHHirb KynTypTperepoirb (kuome. 
SL ij[j OTCioAa vb Mockbj, kb CBoeiiy spesy. Bon RjTHem ci 
HHicb. Hy, a TUj uomf^noMsne? wbgb Bra^Tpuacb scTennca? a?I 

TBOftFopOZOBll. 

Uoai nojiyHeHk chxi xoKyiceHioBib Kexfj Kosoji^asannfit 
H €H8AaTejiEeirL> npoHBomojTB Taxoft xiuon: 

SL (BpaftHe yrpioKo): — SI n&bKJ na Hex&noBi HkshHI! Hams 
KoppecnoHxoHrb hutb Kpatne ojnorbl Xony cairs HamcaTb o bu- 
ciaBsi zoxB Ha*nocj[ftAOKb. 

QsTb (npBcraJHDuro BCMarpsBaacB b% ^hbIohokIio MMOxn- 
HHngi): — 3ks tiu pa8i%8Aiunic&! BnpoHeBnb, (kMEBmi bh hto-jo? 
IIoiBsaflTel BcrpazHHrecB, OTXOZHHxe en^e! KoppecnoHj^eHTh nanrb 
BiipaB^Qr nJiozoBan. IIkiiiht6 caim! 

GeroAHfl ifj wb HhshUI. IlHCBMairb Mosn Kosem* toks 
nscaiB? ^brat, Bicicio HHzib, onen o BHCiaBKl bi raseri. IIo- 

^P^y^yXen 06ciOATeJII£HHtI TBOft 6. 

B. MNxeoBii. 






SL He SHaio hokoh, wb xjmb j MeHfl 

He^HBajiiiA nicHH ;Q)o»aTib 

n, HespiiMO Jierafl, HeaaimHO sBOHa, 

IlpOCfln XH8HH H CBiTaZOTflTl^ 

H 611TB Hosen na b^rii a CTpsAaiB ocysAeH^ 
9 6010CB, TOO j][B%T7meft BecHoft 
dm nicHH Bi HorHJii BCTpesosarb Moft cohi^Q 
diH nicHHi HecniTua KHoft... 

Allegro/ 



8* 



PAcnnATA. 

(Onowiaffie). 



IV, 



Bi AOMi A6a80Bux'B xhshb, RaaajiocBi Bonuta vh cbok) kg- 
JD16K). Ajiescifi GeAopoBHHi nonpesHeny ycHJieHHO saHHiuuics 
CJiys66HUMH xljiairH; KaTepKHa IlBaHOBHa, Ban BcerAa, 8a6o- 
THjiacB cnoKoftcTBijai H yAo($cTBaz% Mysa. Hhkto ho BcnoMH- 
Hajii, noBBXHKOMy, o HOxaBHO ymexmeft wb Moriury JbtAO^si; m 
BKJi be npoHBHOCHjJiocB BCJuyn. Ho totb, kto npjsrxafjbjiaL 6h 

6j[HSe Kb BHyTpeHHOft XH8HH CTapHKOBl, nOHflAl 6ll, HTO SH8- 

HeHHuiTb CHJiaHi Hxi HaHeceHi poBOBot yxapiy hto HHKorxa, 
BiuoTB AO MorBJoi, HO saKpoeTCJi ETb copAeiHafl pana. 

n BasyjiOBH MOjmura npo JlHAO^Ky. Hmi sasaJiocB, hto 
BCflKLft pasroBopi o&b yMepmeft ocRBepHBn en^e noAasjieHHUJi 
CBopCBK) HyBCTBa. JIbaohkI roBopBJiB, HO BCK0JIB3B, HaMeicaicB, 
He ynoMHHaa ba HMeHH. 

— IIoBDBBmB, BBTii, dTO 6jwb €s joo6B]aift nvbrb. 

— Aa, dTOTB, H en^e CBiTJio-JuuoBfiifl. 

— Om, KorAa eu coymmSiJ&Bh? 

— IIoAaJiH-jni HHJuocTiiHH) 8a nee? 

Ho, ^wb AaJiBine mjno Bpexa BnepejCB, T&irB*Bce Gojrito cra- 

HOBHJIOCB B08H0XH0 TOBOpBTB 06% yMOpmeft, HO OCRBOpHflA HyBCTB^ 

eKop6B. H ffiR BasyjioBux'B 6hUL0 oTps^^HO coAtbcb BeiepoMB na 
6ajiR0H% H Ha'iaTB pasroBop'B, nojtnuft BocnoMBHaHift oJLbaohiA. 
noH6Hfiory OjiBra, a 8a neft b Bhetop'b, saroBapHBajiH o toitb- 
ae H CB KaiepHHofi IlBaHOBHOfl, b xota senn^BHU njiaKajDi nps 
8T0MI, BO BflETopB HOHBMaji'B, ^To cjEesii — o6ji6rHeHie jma hhtb, 
B HTOy GjiaroAapa cjiesaiTB, RaTepHna HBaHOBHa HatiBpaercH cbjtb. 
9tb pasroBopH 6oji%e, h^itb HTO-JIB6O9 c6j[B3hjib BBRTopa cb na- 
TepBK) KeHU B npBMBpBJDLB ero c% en cJiaCocTAiCH... 

CTOflJia sapRafl noroAa Iiohh. BojiBme MicflAa seiuu He bb- 
jfbjia AOXAH. SejLBHB a^P^bbbbb no6jieRjia, HORpBuiacBcipoK) toh- 
KOK) nujiBio; BOSAyxi pacKaJiBJica, 6£urb yAynuraBi b 8HoeHB. 

Ho BcerAamHeMy o6H?aK), BHRiopi BciajiB c% coxBuewb, nair 



1 



.PlCniATA, 117 

CEopo iipH6pajDCfl H Bumejrb Hffb.xoMa. CeroAHa oh-l oco6eHHO 

CirloiBJIl flSl KOMH&IU, 9T06U yXOCTOB'IpHTBCA) A^CTBBTeJIBHO- 

jiH BHnani hoiuo xoacAB, Koroparo osHxajiH cib Benepa. 
Ci Bwepa Ha ropHsoHii xofjuM lyHH, rffb - to jotaJieKO 
CBepBajia mojuhLbi. Ho osasajoEOCB, ^o nfkjsfixjffi 6wm oCkaHHHBU. 
Hh npnsHaRa BHnaBmaro aosas ho saMi^aJiocB, a tojubro poca 
CBepKaaa Ha munbHoft ipaBi. 

%0'Se 8T0 6jK&rby Fochoah? — Kjvsjrb Bhktop'b, npoxoAs 
nepesx ABopi Kb s^u^HHMi BopoTaiTb. — yrtmaiorB pocaifH. Pocu, 
opaBAa, CHJDfLHu en^e, Aft pasB^ oh£ ddMibaarb aoxab?— Ohi bu- 
mejTb B% HOJue h nanpaBHJiai no TsepAoft, KaBi RaueHB^ A^porl, 
BAon ponp, opHJieraioii^eft r'b napKy. 

,a;jiimHNii9, yse xejnlianpiifH noaocam TjiHyjiHCB nepeA^b 
Hmcb psaHHUi nojifl. Xxb6'b noAHAJicfl ho Bione noaca h 6iiJinb 
p^AOiTb, Movxb KOJEOCom. mwh-io jKajocHiTb, o6e3AOJieHHE»rb 
B&uio orb BapTHHu o6e8CHj[eHHUxi sacyxofi noaeft, orb anixib 
pjiAOB'b ROJiocbeB'b, He Ha6paBmHX'B CHJi'b b% bqnljA. 

3! Moserb, en^e nonpaBHTca a^jio, kojqi Buns^Tb xopomie 
AOJRAH,— AyMajTb BiKTopi, Hiarafl }ifijame, no noHHMaji'L, ^o 06- 
xaHHBaerb ce6a. 

Poxb yse AftBHO vfiirevb; ecjiH B'b aio BpeMfl ona ne noA- 
HHJiacb, He yry^HHJiacb, — sHa^nrrb, a^^ nea Bce nponajso. 

3a JiicRoifb eMy nonajica naBCTpiqy KaaHi neipoBSTb, 
BciaBaBmlft eme paaie xosjrana. 

— Oft, ne xopomo ci osHunrb, BsKTopi EropnTb,— nporo- 
BopHJii OHi, cHHMaa ^ypaacRy h onrpaa njiaiKoirb jracyio bcho- 
T^Bmyio roJiOBy. 

— 9to en^e 6a6ymRa na ABoe CKasaia,— cepAHio OTB^THjrb 

SHKTOpl. 

— ?ero ysi Tyn; bxi B8B0JibTe-Ea norjuiA^Tb na anxi 

^paHTOBl. 

Offb yRasajK'b na iraccfi ROJiocbOBx, ROTopue Top'^ajoi npaMo 
XBepxy HTJiaiai, ne CKJiOHH^Cb, noAo6Ho npo^Hirb, oraseJU'lBmHini 
rojroBRaMH na 6oR'b. 

— Bee ^ycTo^Bi^b-c'b, BHRTopi Eropfimi. 

Ho BHRTopi H caiTb BHA^Jn'b, TTO HycTOiiBiTa B'b nojii 60- 
jnie, ^iwb na nojiOBHHy. Ho hhohho dio abhoo AORasaTejibCTBO 
neyposafl cepAHJUo h pasApaJKajno ero. 

— BoTb, nocMorpHiTb, qio nocii aosas 6yAerb; TorAa h 
BpopoHbTe, a He Tenepb,— npoBopnajTb owl h samaraji'b KBun>mB 

HO HHJIIbHOt AOport. 

CojiHAe HOAfiniajsocb Bce Bume h Bume. Fa^-to bhcoro, hoai 
caMHMH He6ecauH, SBenijrb xaBopoHORi); BOSAyx'b CTanoBHJiCA 
BHoeni. Ji;eHb onatb o6%n^ajrb Cutb y6iflCT6eHH0-:RapRH]rb. 

J(opora CBepHyjua bji^bo^ nponuia qepes-b He6ojibniyio Ay<^- 
ByK) poH^y H BuCtoajda na RpecxbflHCRoe pacanoe nojie. Ho sA^b 



118 PFGGKOB BOrATCTBO. 

KapTHHa Oujia en^e 6e80TpapAe. Syxa hh gtocflrajoTB asops, B&sfjk 
BHAH&iacB xajncaa, HHSKopocjiafl, p^xKafl posB cib KpomeHmarb 
nycTHHi KOJuocoicb. MtoraME bexsIjihcb igrnu Bume b Ty^sie, 
HO 0H% pasc&iHii 6vum no nojoo cp^XH no^nn njcmyt saroHOBi, 
necTp^Bmiix'b copnoft ipaBoft h XEKHirb BJieBepoirL. BflRopbties- 
HBAesHo MazHyjrB pyBOft h HanpaBHJicfl no iceaci Kb cejiy. ^e- 
pes'b jifiCATh UBsjn xoAb6ii ohi iiHHOBas'b nojie h BHmojTb Kb 
BpecTBflHCKHMi oBHHaiTb. TawB, Ha nojuflHK^ OKOJuo 8a6poineHHoft 
OBHHHofi AMU, OKpyoseHHOt CTapuMH, rycTopaspocmHiCHca ph6h- 
HaMH, CTOJiJia Kyva KpecT&flffb. Koe-sio CBj^bjub na npacjiacby ho 
6ojiBniBHCTBO CTOflJio, BasB-To 6e8HaAexH0 onycTHBi fojiobh* ^e- 
jioB^Ba ABa ChULUy He CMOTpa na HaHsnaion^yiocfl sapy, bi nojiy- 
niy6Kax'B. BnepexH Bcirb nouiH^aica Eapni GaBeneB'B, bkco- 
Kift, cyryjoift HyuiHHa, cb ysmiMH meHaioi, ojsoBflHHmrB BSfh 
poMi, pacRpuxmoi ry6aHn h pascTaBJieHHuira HoraMH.^^ozoAH 

MHHO HHXl, BHRTOpi CHflJTb HUUiny Ha JSTb HORJIOHIb H HOmaTb, 

61U10, sajame, no hotoitb Bepnyaicji Kb hhki. 

— PSH-TO HJEOXH OHBHB, — nporOBOpHJTb OHl, onycKaflCL Ha 

Top^an^ift noHB h saKypHBaa nannpocy. 

— ^To H roBopHTb, 6aTK)iiiKa, BHKTop'b EropuH'B. 

— y Bacx, cyjapB, en^e 6jraroRapeHie Focnoj^y, — csaaan 
pusift H sAopoBOHHiift HHKOJiaft neTpoBi. — A Bon, y naci h 
rjiAA'iTB He Ha hto. 

Tyn BTb TOJm']^ saroBopHJOi Bci pasoifb. Bhrtopi crapaicfl 
Bc^ymaTBCH, ho sojito ho mofb pa8o6paTBy hto roBopHTB. 

— %o BH TaRoe TOJiRyere, npo BaRoe na^ajiBCiBO? ne pa8- 
6epy,— CKasajn ohi, HaRoneui, Mopn^acB otb HanpHsenia. 

— BpocBTe raji^^TB, HepiHl — cb yipoHaK)npHi Kb tojoA 
xecTOiTB npoHsnecB Kosjiobii, MyscsqenRa Jiin HHTHAecflTH) cb 
ocTpeHBRofl 6opoARO& H XHTpmiH, 6iraionpQfH rJiasaiin. 

— Henrro cb 6apHH0irB TaR'B mojrho tobophtb) G'b 6apH- 
HOiTB HaAO BecTH pasroBopii thxo, 6jD[aropoAHo, a bu rajqtixB... 
MyjBH^e!.. 

Owb KkjL^Lm> CoJiBmiH ycHJiia, ^oCu BHRasaxB ce6fl o6ha6b- 
nnmcfl sa 6apHHa h, bb cboio oHepe^B, o6ha6tb €vyxHHBe». Ho 

A^JaaJTB OWb 8TO 6e8R0pHCTH0 H HHROFO HO oGHA&TB. 

— Hy, roBopH, }i,^]s,si CaBOJiift. 

— H to pasHHB 6pexaj[Ry-T0. 

— JIoBOKi, co6a^ CHHT>, 6aaTB. 

— 3to HsriOJfflTe BHj^^TB, 6aTioinKa, Bhrtop^ EropHTB, Banie 
6jiaropo;^ie,— CJiaAKHM-L rojiocoMT» nanajTB Kosjiob'b,— iripcRle joojtfi 

HdAyMRJIH Ha'^aSBCTBO UpOCHTB CJliCTBie Ha nOJIfl HdBeCTH. Bce-JiH 

BHXOAHTB 6jiaronojry'mo y nacB cocTOHrb... 

RpeCTBJIHe OHHTB SarOBOpHJIH Bci pasoBTB.* 

— XomB CB rojioAy noMHpaft* 

— PoacB poacBK), a yace h apoBHHa roponb. 



PlCmULTA. 119 

— IIoKapajTb TocnoxB sa rpixs. 

— Tpeilft voKb Hesopoxu; ipexift rox^ iiaeMca, a ciaHOBot 
He sj(6TB HHCKOABO. IIoAaft eMj noxaTb, xa — ^nox^ft! 

— ^To se, — csasaJTb BHKiopi, sorxa myii^ HeicHoro yxaxB. — 
npocHTe seHCsaro BuizaiB na noju— asn cociaBHXb« 

— A Bs caiym&TB, hto ero 6jiaropoxie roaopHn,— onaxb 
crpoimrb roiocoirb KpHRHyjrb na lOJiny KoaiOBi,— ero 6jiaropo- 
fXe yrarb nacb, ^ypMOBi, yMy-pasyiiy. J 

— dro TOHHO. Mhofo 6jiaroxapH£i. 

— Oho... TQro... rjiflsii, 6p^Tnu... cb rojioxy Bci noMpeirb... 
Bimio 8T0 nopaxKB,— cRasajii, B^pyrb pasBoaraoBaBiiiHCBy MOJi- 
^laBBiUI Bce BpeicH ^Baapwh h oumh ycnoROHJucfl, lyno viuwi ne- 
pexi co6oft H pasHHyBi pon. 

PaaxpagceHHiit, roTOBUft na nepaoicb nonaBineHca BincecTHiB 
X0cax7i HaBiflHHyio bhaoitb rH6Hyn^iDcx noJieft, Bepnyjica Bhrtop^ 
fipuoi. XojioxHaa KJuoHeBaa Boxa, Koropoft owb ynBuca, ycno- 
soHjn ero neiCHoro, h owb Bumean na 6ajiK0FB, rxi yse npn- 
roTOBHjQi yrpesHift naft. Bmaoph ovjisbjjica apyroitb; nepex'B 
Hmrb TflHyjiGs o6innpHuft XBopi, nopocndft MOJiKOft KyxpeBaroft 
TpaBofi. no ABopy 6poAiuiH syps, h HspixsA npoxoxBAi, Haeaui- 
Bas nepM, HHxiftcEift irirjTb. Hanpaao, bi rjiyfiHH^ ABopa, Hh- 
KH^opi HHcrajTB Ha BOJoi jiomaAb, nipHO 0T6HBafl mfiTExA no 
cxpe6HBi](% H BpeMenaicH pyraa apyaHaro, leicflociparo Ahiuo- 
kaia noAJnei^oirb h MomeHHHKOMi. JHflUAOMSTb paaHOAynmo Bticjiy- 
msBajTb 6paHB h, acejiafl noRasaTB^ no OHy ace pasHO, to Ghjtb 
BpacHBot nepeAHeft Horoft no somji'I, to, CBepnyBi ronoBy, cra- 
panca yaycBTB BUCTyni crlmi. 

HeifHoro noroAa, na 6aiiK0H'B Bunua vb JierROMi yrpenHeicb 
KanoTi OjQ>ra, posoBaa, en^e sacnaHHaa, KpacHBaa h c^acTJiBBa^ 

KaTepHaCTBOlTB. 

— H saniMB 8T0 na ohatb BUCRonnjia hsi nocrejiH? — ^ho* 
AOBOJn»HUHi> roJiocoMi n CTapaacB pascepABiBca, caasajTB Bhr- 

TOpib. — GkOJIBRO p83% npOCHJIB HO BCTaBBTB A^ MOflfl. He COS- 

noBOftca, B 6e8B Te6fl nanBiocB naio. ^axe nplaTHie OAHOify... 

npoBSHOca nocjiiAHia, oSeahbih cjiOBa, ohb yse 6hiin, co- 
bcImi cepABTB B CB Hacjia«AeHleMB Ha6jiH)AaJiB, Bc^oca rjuiAfl 
Ha seny, EaKB joasfl en noAepHyjiocB ne^iajiBio. 

— AxB, Bhta, — rpycTHO oiBiTBjia OjiBra,— Aa ecJiB mh4 
CBBOft npiaxHO BcxaTB nopaHBine. t 

— no MHi, BaiyniBa, xotb cobc^hb ne cnn... 

Ohb npBAyBUBajiB, tto CRasaxB en^e, hto6u coeciBB o5b- 
A^TB OjuBry, ho, BsrJUiHyBB na ea onenaiiesHoe, MBnoe jibiio, 
nepecBJiBJiB ce6a b cb BSHOBaTUBB bhaobb nosanB ea pyay. 

— Hy, He cepABCB, noMBpBMca. 

* Oaa yace ne cepABJiacB b c^acxjiBBO rjiRxbn^ na tfysa, ^ypa 



120 .PyCCSOE UyTJLTCiBO. 

% 
OTBusmle 88 HOHB on CB^Ta rjiasa e up^XKa BSAparHBaa ois 
CBbsaro yxpoEHJiro Bosxyza. 

— A AOSWt OIUITB H01&K) He 6UJ[0? 

3x0 nanoHHHaHle sesu o AoacA'b onaib pascepAHJio BsKiopa. 

— EaKx jce, — o6HAHO-HacM&DjaiBincb xoHoirb EpoBopnajQCK 
OHi>, 0TXJie6uBaa ropa^lft ^afi, — bch) ho^ JoiJi'b jaBUsi... 

OshTdL onflTB noryiDuacB, a BHETopi, cep^nTO BCTaBi» co 
cryjua, ymejii bx ROMHaxu. 



^fytb Bume noAHirajiocB coJiHiie Ha 6e8o6i[auoM'b, fiyxra 
pacKajseHHOH'B neCi, t^m'b ynynumBie cTanoBHoiocB Ha seiiJii. 
nepeA'B 06'Iaom'b Bhrtopi, ycn%Bmifl yjKe ABa pasa B^KynaxBca^ 
^yBCTBOBajii BSHeMOxeHie bo bccmi t&ji'6 e ne b7» cocioaHiE 
611011 hhh'Imi saHflTBCfl. Ohb rpycTHo norouiAHBaJii na ropH-* 
BOHTi E jQfUdJThj ^To BHepa xoTB o6jiraHKa HJiaBajiE no H66y, a 
HHHHe H BToro H^rB. PacKajieHHoe, MepxBeHHoe He6o, 6yAT0 
sacTUBmee bi CescTpacxHofi, 6e8npeA^^Jn^ot cEHeBifc, BOSAyx'B 
CHHXi, ropanift, naorflEDiift, yAymjiHBBift, xarocxHuft. ^epesBfl ne 
mejioxHyxca, BOAa ea jpimA cnoROftna, Kani sepKaJio. Ilojifl ebhv- 
BHioxx orb asaoRAH; cxaAO yHNJio CpoAExi no nepejAcRaitB, oh^h- 
nuBajEL cyxla, jiBmeHBUfl apoMaxa, Gujoehre. BcK)Ay sHoft e 
xocRa. 

nocji'l nojiyAHH noAH^JiCA 6njio Bixepi, e c% hemi naxnyjio 
rapBio. Bixepi CRopo yxEX'B, ho hi BOSAyxi ocxaicfl CMpaABHft 
sanaxii AUMa. BERXopi osaConeHHo npomejii Kb fpaj ynpaa- 
jfflion^aro. 

— %o 3X0 sa A^nci, HBaHii IlexpoBETB?— CRasaorB oh'b, 
noAXOAH vb 6ajiR0Hy, rgb pasMopeHHuft orb sapH CEAbjix 668'b 
jREJiexa E rajicxyxa ynpaBJiflionilft. 

— A, Boxx, noaaJiyftxe cioAa,— OTstxEm HsaffB Ilofpo- 
BETB, noABOAa BERxopa Ri» RpaH) CajiROHa, — botb, ESBOJiBxe 
nojuotfoBaxBOf. 

Oh'b yRasajTB pyRoft na pasHEHy, x^HyBmyioca sa p'l^ofl, 

HOpOCmyK) MOJIREirB RyCXapHEROlTB, HORpUXyH) GOJIOXaME E 036- 

paEE. TaEi, B'B HOJiyBepcxi orb ycaAB6u, cxoajtb, 6yAX0 saxy- 
EaBDiECB, orpoMHuft RJiy6i coBepmeHHO (^uaro AUMa. 

— 8x0 Hxf-ae xaRoe? 

— A iop$aHoe 6ojiioxo ropEXB. 

— 9re-re. 

— TyHBROBCRoe-CB. S, npEBHaxBOif yace .AaBHO dxoro aosrb- 
AarocB, Ilepecoxjio. Bi 82 roAy to se 6um... 

nosAHo BenepoEi, EorAa na H0X6MH%BnieMi neCi aascrjiECB 
y»e SBi^sAu, BERXopi, Ayvaa ocb'^kexbca nocjii MyHExejiBHO 



PACIUATiL. 121 

sHoftBaro XHfl^ iipomejiCA no ycapGi Kb piHsi. 3a piKOft b'b 
oTAMeHiH no npeacHeny ctoajbtb Rsyfil G^iaqaro cpeAH Teu- 
HOTU jfUMa, a no^i nnirB, to Qjxjbch^ to Tani sicifiKaMH Bcnu- 
xHBajtH oroHBKH, npo6iraBml6 no seicjii. BpeMenaMH oroHB caa- 
S&i'B, uosffh HyTB saMirnoft cxpyftRoft nnsoirb, a sariirb, naflxfl 
nHnQT, SBAHO oxBaTUBajsi cjKb noJoycrnHBrnaro AopoBAa, B3($^- 
rajTB vb BHumny, ROj&itoiCB. o6jierajrB Ao6HHy, jiHsajrB KpacnmrB 
asHKOMi Kopy H, ynn^ToacHBi Bce, hto 6eijio eiiy xoCTynno, 
onflTB npHTaHBajicfl BHHsy, ^yxB lenjuicB cpeAH xpaau, ynopno 
BHCjriftsHBaa, ne HaftAOTCJi jih en^e AOfiu^a. 

BiiKTopi AOJiro BFJOfflAUBaJicfl b'b npHxoTJiHBUii OHepxaHia 
oroB[LKOB'L, noTOMx noBepHyjicfl, hto6m hjth cnaTB. H BflpyrB 
ocranoBBJiCJi, paAOCTHiift, ne b^ph cbohiii rjiasaifB. Ha APyrom 
spaio ne6a HeAJtenno nojidjia Hepnaii, rposnaa xy^a, otfjieraa 
nojsoBHny ropnaoHra. Roig^a oh'b npoxoAHJi'B MEMonoKHRaynpaB- 
JiHion^aro, BBani IleTpoBnq'B yace b'b bohhomi socxioBfi Tose 
BrjtHAHBajicfl cb SaJiKona wb leimoTj He6a. 

— HsBBniiTe, BflRTopi EropuH'B,-^CRa8aji'B HsaH'B IleTpo- 
BZH'B, CTBiAJUHBO sanaxBBaH oAexAJi nacROJiBRO 9to 6sjio bos- 
M02CH0, — a no AOMaraneMy-ci.. . 

— A, BiA^^, 6yAerB ao^ab,— ne cjiyniaa ero, otb^thjh Bbr - 
Top:B H ociaHOBHJica y CajiRona,— HTO CRasexe,— b^a^, jsvb 9Ta 
MaxymRa ne oCManeT'B. EyAerir, 6yAerB, a& en^^ RaROfll 

— FocnoAB BiAaett-cB, — BBAOxnyBi n cjiosbbi pyRH na 
RpyrjioiTB SHBOT^, saM'lTHjrB HBaHi nerpoBBTB. 

— Hy, ya-B bh xoace, nanpopoHHxe. 

— Bjiaroft Hxo-xo b'b BosAyxi ne xanexi. PasBi hxo, sa 
nojinoHB co(5epexca; a axa ne r'b nam-CB. 

— npon^aflxe, — cepAHXo CRasaa'B Bhrxop'b h nomeJiTB Kb 

Owb npocnyjuca cpoAH hohh otb aixpa, Roxopuft myn&TB no 

saK^sHOft Rpumi h pBaorB b^xbh A^peBBeBi. Ha ABopi rpenijia 

6ypa. HacRopo OA^BmncB, Bbrxop'b noxnxoBBRy, nxo6H se pas- 

6yAliTB Ojp>rB, npomeJi'B bi yrojiBByio b ox^opBJTB GaiiROBByiD 

AB6pT>. Bixepi rpoxoxajii xaR^B^ hxo RasajiocB, bofb-botb copBex'B 

Rpumy CB AOBa. HpnCoiBxeHie rposH 6hjio necoKBiBBO, b, a'^A- 

CTBBxejiBBO, BCRopi CBepRByjia ifOJifliH B pasAajuca pacRaxi rpoifa. 

SaM^XBO Chjio, hxo Be6o Bce 6ojiiBnie b 6ojiBnie Rpoexca o6jiia- 

Kami. Co CTopoBBi BacBJiBOBCRa saABBByjiacB orpoMBaa xy^a, b 

IpHBRE 6B yxe BBci^JiB BaAi xojQcaifB. Ho Bixepi Ira aa mb- 

/xy BO ciiOJiRaJTB, B AepeBBa rjiyxo myM'^JiB, BarafiaacB boab 

opBiBaicB 6ypB. 

— 9x1, RaRi 6h Be pasaecjio,— cb oropneBieirB AyMaJo. 
^BKxopi.— H oxRyAa axoxi Bixepi saajica? 

Obi npncljii Ba 6ajiR0H'l b xpeBosBO ruBjiiish na Be6o, 
a6J0ioAaB, BaABBraexca-JiB xy?a. Obbxb CBepRnyjia MOJiBia, b 



122 PyCCKOB BOrATGTBO. 

onflTB nocjuunucfl rjiyxoft pacsan rpoMa* Ho xosas Bce He 
6ujio, H Tjia, EasaiocB, He noAxoxKia 6jiHse. 06puBBH ea yse 
HecjmcB Kb Apyroft ctoponi ropHsoHTa, h yse tan BCHuzHBajoi 
mojihIh. 

— JSifik HeysejKH-se lasi h He 6yAerb xo^fl?— Myquica 
BHRTopi, saM^^uui, ^To TenepB BecB BO^yxi 6vun> HaDOjmeHi^ 
rpoBOft, cyxoH), TOMHTeoiBHOft* Rorxa BcnuxRBaJOi mojihIh, HeJiBs^ 
<^jio CRasaiB, Ha Boibpoft cTopon^ He6a oni ropiftjiH. 

IIoHeMHory Biiepi CTajni CTHxaiB, ho emfi hh saojiH aoxaa 
He ynaJio, a na Toft cxoponi He6a, OTRyAa HaABarajiacB tyna, 
yse HORasuBajiHCB bb^sau. H BApyrB, no jseirlsHoft Kpuini Aova 
sacTy^aJno. Bhetopb BSAporHyjn h npHCJiymajicfl. BixepB ho^h 
coBci^MB CTHXB. Ilo Bpumi yAapjuiH pi^AKlfl, spynHUfl Raojra 
AOatAa. 

— CjDLaBa TeCi, FocnoAH, — BCJiyxB CRasajii Bhktopb.— Hy- 
Ka, Hy, en^e, en^e... 

yAapu AOSAfl KpOBJuo Bce npOAOJUKaJiHCB. TflsejoiA, 6yxio 
KaMOHHUfl, RanjoL 6apa6aHHJiH o xeJiiBO, ho hsb ciomHXB rpj6'b 
emfi He jnuiacB BOAa. 

— Ji,Q. Hy jse, Hy,— BB Heiepni^HiH menrajTB BsKfopB h cb 
yjKacoiTB saMOJi^aiB. YAapu aosah ciaHOBBJOiCB pi«e, cjiaCie 
h cpasy yMOJnuiH. Ha neCi rop&m sBidAu, a npoHecmaacfl 
o6pfimRaMH xy^a CROHHJiacB na jsp'jTowb Kpaio He6a, ^epnaa, 
rposnafl, BcnuxHBaBmafl ornaMsi KOJialft... 



AosAB, HaROHei](B, npHmejiB, Mory^ift, o6HJiBHufi; ho nps- 
meJiB yse bb to BpeMA, RorAa xon^aa, HaHOJioBnny ysja^taiaa 
TpaBa 6ujia CRomena, a poxB noTepajia chocoChoctb najiHB^TBCJi. 
drorb AOJRAB JDHmB ocb^^chjib He naAOJuro BosAyrb, ho ho 
HanoHJTB xasAyn^eft seiiJiH. HepesB cyxRH hujib BSBHBaJiacB 
Ej[y6aHH, H TyManoBCEoe 6ojioto ropijuo nonpesneMy. Bci na- 
AeacAu RpecTBHHB o6paTHJiHCB na ^poBBie xji%6a. 

OrOJIO nOJIOBHHU mJlR BHETOpB, npOXOAfl HOJIAMH, CB yABB- 

jieHleMB ocraHOBHJicfl, bbah, hto xoJiicoBCRie RpecxBane rocatb 

POXB. 

— SAy HHRHia,— RpHRHyjiB OHB RpaftHeMy Roc^y,— OTO aro 
Bu A^^aexe? Mh, naft, He na nnsy. 

HHRHxau ocxaHOBHJucH, CHHJiB RapxysB, noRJiOHHJica ocxpHseH- 

HOft BB CEODKy RpaCHBOJI TOJIOBOfi H, HJIiOHyBB Ha pyRy, CHOBa 

Bsajicfl 8a Kocy, ho ne nomejiB cb neft, a ocxaHOBHJica bb oxh- 
AaxejiBHOKB HOJiOKemH. 

— A ROCHITB, BhKXOPB ErOpHTB, ROCHMB. 

— Bnaey, ^xo ROCHxe, — cepAHxo BospasHJiB BaRXopB, — a& 
cBiuciTB-xo BB 3T0UB RaRoft? HocJiiAHee sepHo pascopHXB XOXHXe, 

BHAHO. 



PACIUATA. 123 

HHKHia Cb yKopoicb norJUA^^ Ha Hero s nojuosHJTb socy 
Ha seicjuo. 

— A Tu, CapHHi, HOffb-Ka cioxa, novjuim* 

Owb noffiejph ero n secaTKj h npoTHHyjTB eicy Jiencift h 

lO^tft CHOHl. 

— Ha, cyAapB, noHnpi sepna. 

Bmaofi> BSflJii CHOirb h ciajinb pasrjiHABiBaTb kojiocx. Sepna 
noHTH He 6jnL0 cowiwh. 

— n MOJiOTHTB He^ero, — AOtSaBUib HnKHra,— OAHa cojiOHa. 
H Cb cbEOWh ORasajsocB xyse, ^ir& hosho 6iiJto oacHxaTB. 

TaMi, TA^ Ha j[yry co6HpajQi cio lejiirb, TenepB e^Ba > nacm- 
THBajiH jsfiCATh, H ipasa 6uj[a ne co^nan, ne BKycnafl, annneHHan 
apoMaxa. 

SpecTBAHe nepecTajiH BssBixaTB o6'b oshmom^ HBcinaAesAU 
B03JIOSHJIH Ha apoBue xjri^6a. 

A fpmfiA ouATh ne Cbijio, h comnfi nonpesHeny hohhjo 
cepAHO naonuio, nocHJiaH sHOftHue jty^H na HCioiuienHyK) seiuoo. 

VI. 

Ha^ajiacB MeAieHHaa aroHia nojieft. 

EaRi y nocTOJiH CHepTejiBHO-6ojiBHoro 6j[[H8Rie ero, sHaa, ^o 
Hi^eacAu H^^, HTO niCdJiB ero — BonpocB BpeHenn, BcerasH, 
o6MaHUBaK)TB ce6ii h tobophtb: <eMy ceroAHH JiyHme; ohb rjna- 
XBTfc 6oAP%e; y nero oKapB yHeHBniHJicji», tohho xaiuRe Bci 
xbpomo noHHifajiH, hto HHsaide aosab ne BepnyrB HCTon^eHHOft 
XOJiroft sacyxoft seMJiib rkxb chjib, Eoiopua nymHu eft jifla, no- 
npasKR xjrl6oBB; bcI xopomo noHHHajiH, hto cMepTB lanTCH bb 
nojiHXB, H Bce sue a^ajm ^yAa otb Aoa^eft, xoiijm nafflATBCfl 
Ha HeBOSMOJKHoe H 060APHJOI APyrB apf^: 

cBoHB, BB naiHHAy Bce «e Cujtb aosa^; xotb h nefioJiBmoft, 
a Bce jQiyHHie, h^mb HH?ero. MoaceiB h ceroAHH co6epeTCfly Aa 
H pocu noAAepsHsaioxBi. A aroHlH Bce ^oAOJUsajiacB. Ha- 
npacHo He6o, 6yAxo csajiEBmncB, cxajio nocujiaTB aosah,— 

CKyAHHfl, HHSROpOCJIUft OBeCB OABa ROJIOCHJICH XOH^HMB SepHOMB, 

Bepm&OBuJS jieHB yjKe oxi](B'Ijib^ a He npH6aBHjj[Cfl bb pocxi h 
He Ha6pajiB jcyAejm; nmenHAa CHpo rjiAA'^a piAKHMB, n^exH- 
HHCXHUB KOJiocoMB, yHBLno npHrn6aflCB KB s^ujA. n xaiiB, TA^ 
nnASAe 6yfiH0 BZii6HBajiHCB, lyxB ho paBHaacB cb popBio, npo- 
xjii6a, xaMB huh'& 6i:RaJiH BBepxB cyxHMB cxe6jieHB roh- 

ift H^aBBJiB, Jie6eAa h HeJiEifi JionyniHHRB, RaRB JiHmaH na 

jiBHOHB xijrb. 
ByATO 6ojri^3HeHHHHB npeACSfepxHHMB hoxohb noRpHoajiHCB 

HHHHH yxpaMH HOJia yxe HenyacHOK) pocoH), yHHixoacan dxnicB 

icJiiAHia acQdHeHHiia chjih, h RaKB CMepxHoio x^hbk), kpujihcb 

pOBaXOft 0AH006pa3H0fl HBIJQiK>. 



124 fTCCROB BOFATCTBO. 

&% EOBBj aBiycra cMepTB H&GrynHJta, HasoHeirb, THxaa, Top- 
jRecTBeHHaa. Ob nocju^AHHirb BSHaxoirB pafio^eft pysH rociqi, craxo 
flCHO, HTO H6fl86&RHoe coBepniEj[oc&: nojiJEr yMoipajra^ yposaa ne 
6ujiio BOBce. 

Bi Ha^aj[% oceHH BHSTopi co6pajiica bx BacHueBcirb na 
AaBHo osHAaeMoe hitb onepexHoe seMCSoe co6paHle, sy^a os*^ 
BCTynai'B, RaRi roiacHiift. Offb yxe j^aBHO roTOBHJicfl kt> aioiiy 
coCnTiio, noAucKHBaJH Bonpocu, Koiopue, AJHaJii offB, naxo 
noAHflTB, H oiScyacxan, HanpaBO hjqi Hajs^Bo qojuoshtb map'b 
EyKypHHy nps GaJDmorapoBirib nocjri^AHHTO bi aojukhoctl npeA- 
cbffLrejLR ynpaBU. TasHxi <BoiipocoBi» y Hero HaKonHJiocb^ 

He MUO. 

Bi 6ojamoft ROMHaTi, yEpameHHoft nopTpeTaioi nepBHxi 
npeffci^AaTejiiefty co6paj[OC& yse mhofo roiacHurb, ROTopiie pas- 
roBapHBajiH, ctoa ota^huhh RyHRaus. IIocepexHHfi ROMHam 

HaXOAHJUCa ffffWHHWft CTOJTB, HOKpUTiaft SeJeHHMT^ CyRHOUl. Ha 

CTOJi'6 npoiHBi RaiKAaro ciyjta JieacaJiH RapaHxanur h jihctu 6i- 
jDoft 6yMani. 

UosAopoBaBiiiHCB cb rJnacHUHH, BHRTopi nosomejrb Kb Cbh- 
n^eBy, ROToparo sbajfl sa oahofo HS'b jiyqnnirB Jiioxeft yitexa h 
y(5&KAeHHaro seHCRaro ji^rejui. 

— YwUBJUi&rh MOHfl,— CRasaJTB OHI, OTXOAH CB HHITB RS 

ORHy,— noHOMy b% fpjuLVijifiXb ynpaBu hItb hh cjiOBa o He- 
ypoxai. Bix^, xo6poMi HUHinmee jritTO ne oroh^htcji. 

— A, Bon, Bu H noxne cb hhkh,— pasBOiTB pyRami Cbh- 

n^eBi, HaneHBRift, cyeTjniBuft nejioBiRB, sUn copoRa nara^— 
cnaHRa naci OAOJuisaen... Yjr'b bu, noaRajiyftcia, He HOJraiTe, 

BHRTOpB EropHTB. Bu ?eJ[OBiR!B CB&Riftl A Mfil BaCB HOXA^p- 
JRHMB. 

R'B HHITB HOAOmeiTB BaBHJIOBB, RpaCHBUft CI JMEhan JDUtOlTB 
rjiaCHUfi 0TB RpeCTBflHB.. 

— BOTB, CeiieHl CeMOHHTB, MH TJTB POBOpHM'B HCypO- 

x^i. 3to x^jio BaHB xojurho 6£Itb 6JIH3R0, — o6paTHJica RB Heicy 
CBHHteBB.— TpydH'fflj'^a He to x-Ijio 6yxerB hjioxo. 

BaBHJuoBB norjiaxHJTB fiojEBmyio, oRiaXHCTyH) 6opoxy h xo6po- 
Xymno-XHTpo yj[H6Hyj[CJi. 

— Hac^OTB HeypoxaeBB, THMO^'Ift nerpoBHHB, XOJiosy a 
BaHB, paneHBROCB. FoBopH, He roBopn,— ne nociymaBOTB-cB... 

— BOTB, BOTB, CJOHQHTe, — paCRHHflTHJICa CBH^eBB^ — BOTB, 
OHH BCi TaRB. 

— HH^ero He BsiftAeTB-ci, Bipnoe cjiobo, — hobtophjfb Ba- 
BHjQiOBB yace cepBesHO.— IIoTOMy, caia nsBOJiHTe sHaxB, Thiio- 
^ft IleTpoBH^B, rpoui He rpaneTB — nysHRB ne nepeRpecTHTca. 
BoTB HTo, 6yAe hocmotphhb, rb Becni-CB... TaHB yacB BHSffbe 
CTaneiB. 

— Jlfij BtjB, CyXeTB H08XHO. 



PAGIUATA. 125 

— A TenepB paHo-ci. 

— TenepBy ksr'b pasrs, BpeirA* 

— Qho h BpeEfl, no xiJty, a& hkhoto ho nox&iiaemB... IIo- 

HOe CJIOBO. 

— Hy, Bon, BaiTby Bsinops Eropii«rb, r npexcraBiiTejiH 
Kpeerbssiu nojuoCyftrecB,— cRasairb c^ rope^bH) CBim^eB'b.— 
A K0My*s6, RaseTca, nepBOMy nosjoBib rojioci... 

BaBBJioBi onflTB noramquTb 6op^Ay n nocMOTp&TB Ha 060- 
vxTb yifBuicB, HeMHoro sarasoHHmrb Bsrjuixoirb. RasajnocB, owh 
xorftjii CRasaxB hto-to no cyn^ecTay, Kaxafl-'TO HCKpenHiiA n 
cepMsnafl mhcjib yace saropajnacB wb ero poBHOirb, ynopnoirb 
BBTUX^, HO nOTOMB OHB OnflTB ymeJTb BB ce6fl H CBasajQLi 0611H- 
HUTb, HiCROJD[BKO yCJIOBHKUTB TOHOHi: 

— HapoxL MH HeyHeHfid... Ts!b yacL naiiB! FocnoAa aiynme 
sHaiOTb, EOFAa h "ito... 

JlepBoe, yipeHHee sacijiaHie nponuo kha BBKTopa coBep- 
meHHo AapoMB. Ohi Bce pasroBapHBajrii co sHaKOMinrb, cb ko- 
TopuiTb AaBHO He BHAascfli laraiTb xe, ms,% owb, CTpacTHuuB 

OXOTHHROITB, nO (j^aiflUdH ChTOBHITB. ChTOB^ BHnHCaJIB HOBOe 

pys^, Kasoft-TO moniaHACROft ^pHKH, h yrBepsAaarB, tto 
^ayapi BHKiopa HHRyxa ne roAHtca. SatiiffL ohi cooCn^BJii, 
"vo saBejrB y ce6H koctpomckhxb fohhexb, HaxOAfl, ^no nocjrbA- 
HiH, no Kpaftneft Mipiy wb cto pasB Jiy^me dnirb pasHorjiasuxB 
nowenflwh h aapmoIaobb apjieRHHOBi. Tasi saK^ Bhrtopb 
oneHB qinHJiB CBoe pyacBe h yxBepsAA^'^ ^^ ly^odji ron^a— 
apaeKKHH, to paaroBopi ci Chtobhei saHHjrb ero h ohb mojio 
cjonnaii^, mro A^JiajiocB KpyroMB. Ho cpeAH caHaro pasrapa 
cnopa (monoTOHB n npHRpuBniHCB otb coc^a^ pysoft) Ghtobb 
BxpyTB upepBaJTB pasroBopi, CBasaBB: <BHHOBaTB> h BCiairB. 

— fl AOJusoHB saiiiTHTB Ha 8T0,— RpacHBmrb rpyAHmcB 6a- 

pnOHOICb SaflBHJIB OHB, — HTO BOHpOCB HOA^eXHTB HOpOAa^ B'B 

peAasiiIoHHyH) roichccuo... 

— BHHOBan, — OHJiTB monoToiTB npHgaBHJB OHB, caAflCB H 
o6pantaacB kb BHRiopy. — y Mena idP^B, fjonoxy Bam, 
rraRaaecTB mojiBHa— HyiRoft soByn... 9to co6aKa... BnHOBaTB-CB. 

n OHB onaTB CTOOB y CBoero CTyjia h o6panta][Cfl kb co- 
<SpaHiiD: 

— Cmraio HysHUiTB nanovHEXB noHTOHHOMy co6paHlK>, ^0 
BonpocB 8I0TB yso pasciiaTpHBajica, h ciATa yrBepsAOHa... Bh- 

HOBaTB, — OHJITB monOTOMB TOBOpHJTB OHB BHKTopy: — Ha leMB 

6vmh ji ocTaHOBHJKCHi Ha HyTRi? a^I IIpeACTaBLTe, Hanajra Ha 
cjoiAB H Jiafljia nacoBB AecaTB... 

Ohb bhahmo n^eroJuuTB nepeAB hobhmb rjnacmniB bthmb yiri^- 
HieicB roBopHTB, TBRBCKasaTB, na ABa ^ponra* H Bhrtopb, x^- 

CTBHTeJIBHO, yAHBJUiJICfl, XOTH He MOIB HO Sai^b^HTB, ?T0 BCk 

penjraRH CnroBa othoouuicb rb nycraRauB. 



126 P7C/3SOB BOrATCTBO. 

Bnpo^eiTb, H Aouaxu lose 6hum nycTHe, ohh TssjJOLCh 
oxHKB sa Apyrmrb, cRy^HHe, 6e8XH8HeBmie. FjiacHue yiioiuui- 
JDCB, H Bsaaopb co craxoirb npHBHaBasca caiioMy eeei, tto h 
cam ycrajTE h hto, BHkiTO Toro, ^to6h Esy^an HOBoe am Hero 
X&io, owb 6ojii£ine safiarb pasroBopoirB o T<maTh. Oai oTBep- 
nyjica OTL coc%xa> nojiBsyiiCB nepepuBom pasroBopa, h cTajrb^ 
BCJiynmBaTBCJi. yupaBa AOKJca^praa^a o cocToaEdH hoctobi re- 
peal pi^KH Hicpy H Eosyp bi xajiBHeinb mEnjb yiaxa. 

— yXBepAHTB, — JliHHBO H, BHXHMO, CKy^afl, SaflBBUTB Roi^- 

pHHi, nepefiHBaa HieHie. 

— yTBepXHX^) — OTOBBaJIOCB 611^6 HiCEOOBRO TOJTOBiKB. 

BnRTop'B HeosHAaHHO asa ceCa BCiajTb h, CKyn^aacB otb ho- 
npHBu^RH roBopHTB nepeffB nytSjisKOft, cnpocHn: 

— IIosBOJiBTe ysHaiB: a kto ace CBHsliejiBCTBOBajrB an 
pa6oTU? 

^eft-TO rojioci npoHSHeci xobojdbho po6ko: 

— ^Jiewb ynpaBii isxHorB. 

— SI nojfaraK),— npoxoJUKajTB BHsropi,— ^txo coCpamio diora 
He AOcraioHHO. JifiJURisii 0£itb oco6iie ynoJiHOiiOHeHHiie, ROTopHO 
npoBipjEran 6u x^ctbIa ynpasu. 

Cbtobi, 6yxT0 yKOJiOTHft, bcrohhjtb ■ saaBHJii cbohmi ho- 
ryHHjci 6apHT0H0HT»: 

— IIpeAJiaraK) HasHaHHTBpeBjisioHHyioBOHiaicciK)! 

Eiiy 6ujio CespasjiHTOo, hto noAA^psHBaiB, ^to onpoBepraiB. 
Ho OHT» He MorB He saaBHTB o ceOi. Ha pasHuxib ROHKan crojia 
nocjDBimajiHCB oxHBHBmiecH roiioca* FoiacHHe 6ysT0 tojebro le^ 
nepB upiinoMHHjDi, ^ro naxo jijbmTb. 

— HaAO crpoHtejuBHyK) Romaicciio. 

— Onero h^tb nocTOAHHoft peBHsloHHoft? 

KyRypHHi nuxasca 6hjiio ycnoROHTBnpoTecTaHioBi, HanoMHHBS 
AOB^plH R'B ynpaBi, ho ero ne otymajni. CBHo^eBi aaBHiejiBso 

XaJTb nOHATB, HTO TOJIBKO BB BaCHJlBeBCROirB BOMCTBi H B08X0SHO 
6hJI0 06X0AIITBCJi HiCROJIBRO JI^TB 6e81> peBHSlOHHOft ROmfflCCiH H 

"TTO CTpaHHO SAxe^napHBaTB Heo6xoxHifocTB en. Chtobx npo- 
HSHecB i(&ayK) piqB, ROTopyio HanajTb o^enB HssajieRa, HyrB-joi 
H6 CO BpeHeni PHMa, BOCRjraRHyjTB saniiTB-TO <caYeant>, ho 
noTOxi cChjuch h saROH^HJTb npocTBiiTB buboxoicb: 

— n laRB, H npomy HasHaneHifl crponrejiBHOft roxuhccIh. 
CTeQeHHuft, THzift CTapHHORB BpycHHi^iHB, ROTopuft cocpe- 

XOTOHeHHO cjT&ffUTB sa AORJUiAaiffi no ne^aTHoft TerpasRi h bco 
Tro*TO OTKiHajTB, HoseBajTB (SesayOHMH ^ejnoctflicH h, ne BCTa- 
Bafl, He o6panuuiCB rib npexciAaTeono, rpoMRO npoHSHecB, rjiflXH 
Ha CHn^Bmaro npoTHBi Hero, RaRB 6ysT0 mcoHHO eHy HasHaiajTb 
CBoe saMi^Hle: 

— Ho'ieMy H AOJixeH'B b^phtb, hto Bce CA&iaHO RaR% oii- 

AyeiB? PeBHsioHHan RomcHccla ^ro rjiasa coCpanifl. 



PACMATA. 127 

n OHib onflTB norpysHJiGH wb Terpavcy. 
BpycHHipiHa jBaJKajiHy ri csoBairB ero npHCJiymHBajuiCB. H 
Ha dTorb pasi ero Qaui^aHie oKasajiocB pimaioii^Hini. SaroBO- 

PHJIH BCb paSOlTB H nOHTH BCb B<B nOJDbSy KOMHCClE. 

— Hy, BOTE ^TO, — csasajTB KyRypflH^b, Korsa myin. yraxi, — 
9T0 MOXHO o6cyxHTB BmQfowbj a leneps 6y}ifiTb pa6oTaiB pe- 
xanaoHHaji. OCxflBJotflio nepepiiBX fp cent HacoBi». 

J[eoHHXi>, co'iyBCTBeHHO RHBaBmift fojioboS BHRTopy, Rorsa 
Tor^ ropa^acB h BOjmyacB, BcxaBJiJurB cboh 8aiii?aHiH, ToiiepB 
BCJiyxi noxBajiEJTB ero. 

— Tu y MeHH HOJioxei(B! IIoBffpaBJUiiD cb ycnixom. 

— A Til 1T0 MOjraajTb? — cnpocHJTB BiERTopi, 8acj[umaBnilft 
Bi aroft noxBasi Jien^io HpoHiH). Eiiy BcexaRH 6iuo ^ero-xo 

CT&IXHO. 

— Hax& HaifH He Ranjien, — OTBinarb cb ycirlniRoft Jleo- 

Benepoifb rjnacmie conuiHCB, s onaxB noTAHyanicB aorjim^I) 
CRyiBHe, osHOotfpasHHe. Go6paHie oshbhjuocb jihiiib Torxa, Rorxa 
BH6HpaJD[s ^eHOBB ROMMHCclft. 9to 6hjio HHiepecHie. CTapajiHCB 
BH6HpaTB JiHQB, saB^AOMO HenpliisHeHHiixi ynpaBi. 

UOJllQJHCh OCXaHOBROft HTOHLff, BHRTOpi SarOBOpHJTB OHflTB. 

Ohb He HaxoAHJEi bi cu^Taxi Ha 6yAynpft foab HHRaRHXB yRa- 
saHift cyicMaxi na mROjni, a seifCTBy HSBicTHO, hto bi hiro- 
Jiaxi on^H^aercH HacTOflTenHaa Heo6xoAHMOcTB. SaTiiTB bc^itb 
HSBicTHO, ^To BB cejii JI^'iieHeB^ Heo6xoAEMo ycrpoHTB npieM- 
HHt noROft; Bpa^e6HHft coB^n a&bho AORnaAUBaorB o6b aroiTB, 
a, MeacAy rliTB, bi AORJiaA^ o6b ^toitb hh cjioBa* H, naROHeuB, 
noHeify «e ynpasa hojiutb oxHOCHTeJUBHO A^a napoAHaro npo- 
XOBOJiBCTBlii? H ynpaBi, h co6paHiK) xopomo hsb^ctho, ^to MicT- 
HOCTB nocTHrHyra nojiHuiTB neypoaRaeiTB. 

npH dTHxi cjioBaxB BflRTopa bb sajii co6paHlji HaciynHJsa 
fieHOBRaa, Hanp^seHHaa THnniHa. OrjiflHyBmncB, ohb yBBA^^ Jmito 
JleoBBAAf CHorpi^Bmaro na Hero BanHiepecoBaHHHirB, okhbhb- 
mvMCfl BsrjiflAOirB. Bb droiTB BsrsiBxb 6kvjio h JiioGomiTCTBo, h 
ynacTle. AP7^^ ^^^^ Bupasajm CpesrjiBBoe HeyAOBOJiBCTBie, Ra^B 
6yAT0 BflRTopi CA^ajTB CesraRTHOcTB. MyauRH hjih norynHjuiCBy 
HJiH CMorp^^ Cb lAwb saraAOHHHifB HanpaseHleirB, cb RaRHHB 

HeA&BHO CHOTp^B Ha HerO H Ha CBHH^eBa BaBHOIOBB. 

MoJi'iaHie HapymsjiB RaRoft-TO rocnoAHHB, i^^tb hoab 50, cb 
SHBmiH, 6oftRHHH MaHepaMH h ROJiK)n^ia[ rjiaaaMH. Ohb bcro- 
HHJTB H saroBopHJTB cpasy Ha bhcorhxb noxaxB, pisRHiiB, xem- 

HHMB rOJIOCOlTB: 

— yace Tps roAa^ i^^ux^b xpn roAa a Buiio hcctb... 

— THMOHia, — RpHRHyJITB RyRJpHBB CBOHHB XpEHJIIUMl 6a- 

covBy— 9T0 Bii, npaBO, Ha criny Jiisere... YcHORoftcH^ . HHHero 

B^AB He CJiyHKJIOCB... 



128 F7CGK0B fiOFATCTBO. 

— noBBOJiBTe, Bame npeBocxoxBrejiBcrBO, a HxiH) npaBo 
rojioca A xo^y CRasaxb o npieMHovB nosoi vb ceiA ^iTemvk. 

— Hy, roBopH, imi ^to, — CRasaJTb RyKypHH^, RaKb CyflTO 
ycnoKOHBmscB.. 

XejraHUft rocnoxHHi 6otKO 8aroBopBjn» o npieicHOHi noBoi, 

HO H OBTb X0JUK6HI CuJt'b yUOJIBHyTB, laiCB KBXb ^epOSl H^ 

CKOJiBKO KHHyrb BHSMaHle raacHHxi 6ujio oTBJie^eHo on npieii- 
naro noKOfl nosomexinmcb ki EysypHHy JlHnaroBfiDTB, HSBicT- 
math Bceicy y^sy npeABOAHiejuBCRHirL KaMepAHHepoirb* Kyxy- 
pHHib, yxe AftBHO 6e8noROHBiiiiflca h norjiAffiBaBmift na ABepB,— 
TenepB BHOsanHO osHBHJKca s Bcrymunb cb JlHnaTOBmrB bi ojrhb- 
jieHHyH) 66c%Ay BDoxrojuoca. 

— Cmotph, ouATb HaBpere,— AOHOcucfl ao BmTopa xpHn- 
joift 6aci npeAC^AaxejoLfl: — onsrb, bic^cto HaAepu, sasaTUTe bi 
coyci KaxeTHHCsaFo. 

— He HSBOJiBTe CesnoROBTBca! HacToan^afl Apa6aaa[-c:B. 

— TO-TO. A El AHIUHTairE TTO? 

— MapHHaA'b-c'b. 

-r Hy, CMOTpH, A HaA^IOCb. 

GiapHKi crpaAajTb npsnaAsoirb Hocrepniucaro xatiCoconcTBa 
H nop^HJTb Ha ceroAHA nparjiacHTB rjtacHHxi ea ysiHB. Pas- 
roBopi 6hun> xopomo cjainieHi> bi sajii, h acejiHHuft opaTOp'B 

BBAHHO c6HBaJICJi Vb TOH& CBOOft pt^H... 

CBBH^eBi Hamyjicfl repeal nejioBtRa Kb BHsropy. 

— Bii CA&iaJiH onmCEy, coeAHHHB'b bi oja;Ho neb xpH bo- 
npoca. Hy, mojeoti 6htl, en^e ho bco noTopjiHO. HaAO 6yAerB 
bo8o6hobhtb pin Heyposai... 

Ho CHAiBmit HOBAaJieEi BaBHJiOB'b noAomdJrb Kb wswb na 
I^l^0HEax'b H Ao6aBHJi'b: 

— Borb BHAHTe, BHETOpi EropUTB, paHQHBEO-Cl, paHOHBEO... 

EorAa JbnaTOBi ymeori), oahhi H8:b EpecTb^Hib hoahhjich h 
npH HacTynHBmeiTB MOJinaHiH, 6yAT0 yAHBJieHHHiTB h^ceojibeo 
rojiocoiTby npoHBHeci: 

— HiiiK) qecTb aojiosbtb: Tose h 9to rocnoAHHB BaEyjtOB'b 
npaBAy csasajiH... 

KyEypHH'b noBepnyjiCH ei> roBopHBineuy, bhcoeo npHnoAH^Bi 

6pOBH H npHCMaTpHBanCB El H6My, TOWO El HOBllA&HHOKy SH- 

BOTHOuy. MyjKHEi BHAHHO CEOH^ysHJiCA, H FOJioci oro cpasy 
ynajii na ab^ hotu: 

— a HacTOTi Toro, ^TO HaAO 6h pe6arb rpaMorf noy^HTb... 

3to B^pHO. 

EyRypHHi MOTHyjii rooroBOfi. Ohb SAajrb xyAtnaro h SHajrb, 
^0 paaroBopi o HeypoJEai BbisoBeTb neyAOBOJibCTBie Bucmeft 
aAMBHHCTpai^iH. Bonpoci o rojioffb BHclorb en^e HaAi coSpanieMi, 
RaKi Aa^bHflfl Ty^a, h 6oflbmHHCTBO, bhahho, 6oaJiocb noAXOA^Tb 



PACDIATAt 129 

^'b Hevy. Ilocjri CRpoHHaro saasiteHiH rjiacHaro-MyxiiRa, pas- 
jta^iCH sByHHuft rojiocb CHTOsa: ^ 

— BpeHH A^fl HapoAHaro oSpasoBama Haspijio. IIpHHHicaH 

BO BHHMaHie, Ch OAHOft CTOpOHU... 

IIpeAci^AaTejiB ynpasu saroBopHjrB-duJio o HeAOCTaTsi A^HerB^ 
HO GBEnteBi sairiTHjrb ^bji^ho, ^to na nporoHU HiROTopim 
HBHOBHKRairB HaxoAHTCH jsfiEhVE Bi ^eTBopHOAnb pasirlpi^, TaiTb 
Easse He na&TH Ha JH'tneGHHi^ii h na mcojiu. Bonpoc^ cHOBa 
paspiamjTB Bpjchhi^uh'b, oCbabhbx CBoexy BHsaBH: 

— M03KH0-JIH TyrB CHOpSTB: y^HTB HapOA'B HJflO H jrtqHTK 

Toace HaAO... 3to acho, Kasi aghbI 

n ROFAa ciajiH o6cyxAaTB. doapo6hocth jsjhji^Ly BctirB crano 
EaKib-TO BBceJio Ha Ayini. BojELmtiHCTBO roiacHfiix'E co^yBCTBOBajm 
xbjEy napoAHaro o6pa30BaHia. A rjiaBHoe — dTO BceraRH Ceijio 
jiCHfie, H^Hi) BonpocB rposHBrneifB OiACTsiH, h xapaRTep'B, h 
pasirbpti ROToparo noRa tojibro nyraiH. Kpoiit loro, ao OTRpu- 
Tui co6paHiH xoAHJiH yace monoxoMi tojirh h coo6paseQlH, Ra* 
caemiecH <(BUcineft ry6epHCR0ft nojiiiTHRR» no dioiiy npeAvery. 
IlepeAaBajFH, 6yAT0 KyKypHHy HssicTHO ropasAO 6oJiBine, ^fairb 
owb BUCRaauBaerfc, h 6yAT0 ohi hh wb RaROifb cjiynai ho mo- 
oRen AonycTHTb Bonpoca o «Beypoacai»... Gjiobo «rojiOA:E» en^e 
B6 npoHSHOCHjnocB TOFAa HHrA^b, — a N— CRoe seifCTBO CHHranocE 
4BC6rAa OAHHM^ H8I caMUxi OTCTaiiuxi h naccBBHuxi. 



vn. 

Mea^Ay T^iTL, wh cociAHOft ROMHaii jtkb sbhrbjih TapejuRH, 
HaRpuBajiH cTOJifii Hflsi yscHHa. IIodTOuy AORJiaAu npoAOJixaiHCK 
3BJI0. FjiacHHe yciajiH. ^cBi rohhhccIboi... «yTBepAHTB>... «oao- 
<$pHTB»— pasAaBajiocB to h aIjio. 

BHRTopi HOHyBCTBOBajTB, HTO y HOFo B8% rjiy6HHU KyniH no-- 
AUHaeTCJi rjiyxa^y 6e8(|>opHeHHafl TOCRa, totoo RaRaa-TO Booraa^ 
ROTopaa BOTB-Borb xjoiHen na cepAi^o n hotohhtb Bci ocraxB- 
muH omyn^eHk. 

CpeAH RBRoro-To CRyqnaro h A^HHaro AORJiaAa owh Bcrajii 
n npomeji'B b'b RoppBAopi. Sa^cs, nopoBHABniiicb Cb nesanepToft 

ABepBK) He60JIIBni0ft 60R0B0fl ROMHatRB, OH'b yBHA'^JI'B JleoHHAa. 

IIocjiiAHiA CHA'^^ 8a jioMfiepHmrB CTOHoirb cb Bpa^em Xojirh- 

HHM'B H AByMH rJiaCHEIMH, HsaHBHUITB H IleTpOBinrB. XOJIRHH^ 

cocpeAOTOHeHHO HHcaji'B Ha CTOJii H^JiOMiy JleoHHAB paBHOAyniHO 
TacoBaJTB RapTii, MBaHHHi ropAHHUCH, AOKasuBan XoJiRBHy, ^to 
TOTB He HM^JT'L HpaBa xoAHTB CB Tysa 6y6eH'B,a neipOBii, savt- 
raamift BHRTopa b% nojiypacRpuryio ABopB, po6RO yjiii6HyjiCHevy. 

— A MH-CB 8Ai^CB,--CTHAJniB0 SaRHBaJTB OHB OMy rOJIOBOft,— 

^aRBCi OAHHi po6epoTOR%. 

J* 4. Ota*ji% !• ^ 









130 P7GCK0B BOTATGTBO. 

HBaHBHi orjiiTHyjica h naxlcjrpHJi'b juoCi. 

— H^, HTO jRe-c'b...Ka6u ^to xbioMoe TaiTL HHiajiH, hj... k 

MU 6U... a TO KERHXl-TO TaHl COJIOTaX'B... 

— Ysi) Hero jsjbahffbe naniH x^ba, — AoCaBHJEi JleoHHAi b 

O&UBHJTb Tpe^U. Ho BaiilTB, ROHHHB'b po6epi, 0H1> BCTaJTb K 
1^:* ^ BBflJTB BHRTOpa SB pjKy. 

' — Th hto-to Hexopoini. ^to aro cb Tofioft, HeyxMH Hsi-sa 

Toro, HTO noTepnijTb neywHy. 

— Hin, TBRl HTO-TO... BOpOHeiil, H dTO TOHB... OAHEBO^ 

KaicB-se axo tu... 

— ?T0 A^BTB. HrpaK) a, ejih He Hrpaio, on dxoro hh xyse 
HH jsyHine. A tu BceraKH He ohohl oropnaftcfl. Hanraxi ne CRopo 
pacRaHaemB. IIoroAH, saroBoparB Apyria seiiCTBa, h mu co6epeinb 
BRCxpeHHoe coCpaHie:.. 

— FoTOBO, JleoHHAi $eAopoBHTB, — nocJoimaJiocB orB CTOJia. 
BHRTopB en^enocTOJiJi'BOROJiiOHrpoROBii.noTOirB noBepHyjica h 

OHATB npomeJTB bb sajiy sac^AaHifl, rgb TAHyjiCH Bce totb se 
AORJiVTb. 

— yiXBTB HJIH Hi^TB? — AyMBJ^^ BflRTOpi H COSHaBaJIB, VO 

GXUAHO GiacBTB Bib nepBoe se saciAame. Ho tocrb tbrb ycHjra- 
lacB, "iTO OHi R0Jie6ajiCH, ero THnyjio Aouoft. 

— TocnoAH, HeyaejiH »to ohatb id? — cb ysacoifB AJMajTB 
BHRTopi H npHnoMHHajTB, hto 8a HocjrfcAHee BpeMfl ohb hohth 

COBCiMB 0CB060AHJICfl Oil npHHtWROBl TOCRH, ROTOpue CHBaJIE y 

Hero npeacAe. Ho nirB, dTO ne cobc^mb mo, 3to ho yRopu co« 
BicTH, HSBHTeJiBHue, HeyMOJiHifue. 3x0 Hoioniiafl, cocyn^aa, ho^ 
noBBAHMOMy, CesnpeAHeTHafl tocrb. 

— AoRJiBA^ ynpaBU, — yse oxpHnjiuiii tojiocom'b mns^rb 
A^JTBme CBRpeTapB,— cocxoamH AoporB hb raxaxi ^pyacHEHa h 
Cjibsb Bejiioa. H chobb na^aJiocB Hreme, He ctojqlb cRynnoe, rbkb 
npeA'BBAyn^ee, ho cTasmee CRyHHHHB A^a jTOMJieHHaro BHHMama 
rjiacHUXB. JUhhib tojdbro HTesi'B Aomejn* ao MocTOBoro naacTHH- 
HiRa, RucB Bomejii na mnnoHRaxi JlHoaxB, h, noTpacaa aahh- 
HUMH aHFJiificRHMH 6aReH6apAaMH, rpoMRHK'B monoToui aojioshjtb: 

— KymaxB hoabho. 
EyRypHHi sBBOJiHOBaJica, orjianyaca RpyroifB n A^i^a nero-xa 

nOSBOHHJnb B!% ROJIOROJIBHHRB, XOTa Bl SBJli H 6e8B^ TOFO KBp- 

CTBOBasa HanpaacoHHaa xHniHHa. Hotoitb rpoiiorjiacHO h xopxe- 
CTByioH^e oGBBBEjrB: 

— 06BaBJiaH) nepepuBi hb... hb crojibro npHAOTca... rocnoAa, 

MHJUOCTH npOCBMB BBRyCHTB... 

FjiBCHue BCTBJiH 0, HoxarHBaacB, pacnpaBJiajiH ycxajiua pjRR 
h hofh. SaxiMB Bce coGpaeie BanpaBHJiocB ^epesi RoppHAopi 
KB 6oj[a>my»), ycxaBJieHHyio AByna cxoJiaMH Ronnaxy, rxb yaie cyle- 
TBJica EyRypHHi, ocnaxpHBaa sBRycRH. KyRypHHi hh hb mbh}^ 
Be AonycRBJH mbicjih, hxo yroqaerB rjiacHuxB cb xaflnofi : 



'■■V- 




PAGIUUTA. 131 

8aAo6pHTB HrB Ha cjTsnaft 6aJuioTiipoBRH, ^a s rjiacHue He coKHt- 
BaJiHCB Bi 6e8KopHCilH HaCHpaoMaro, xasi xaRi yile HsxaBna 
Bci anajiH, Hto RyRypHni crpasaerb Hacji^ACTBenHEiirb, cajiflufj/affb 

Vh RpOBH, nOpOKOMl HeBHHOCHXaTO XJOL-KSoCOJOCTBa. CjiyHaJIOCB, 

OHi Rp:6nflJicji no nlcROJSBBy MicfliieBi, ho B^yrb npopuBaoicfl, 
RaK% HBAHHita, AaBHdft sapoRi, h saRaTUBajn yMonoicpa^aion^ 
o6iio. n HO jsflB Toro, ^iTo6ii noxBajiiiTBCJi, a npocxo bi ciuiy 
KaRoro-To neoAOJUHiiaro BjieneHiA npvHfliB h HaRopioiTB. CavB 
offb xajieRO He 6uji% jEEoeBTejieicb HsucRaHHsxi 6jQ0jrb h npex- 
noiHTaJii'B jiflA ce6fl npocTua, A&se rpy6uH RymaH&a. H na arorb 
paai BHRTopi sauiTHJTb) hto xj[i6ocoja»HHft npeABOffHTeJiB isrb 
o^eHB Majio, HO sa to cxbjffurb HaM^TaBnniMCA BsrjuiAOM'b sa bc&ih 
npHfiopaMH H He ycraBajrb peROMeHAOBaiB rocrairb rb hjih hhuh 
CjsiDxa. 

— BacHjdft E^HMHTB, a ny-sa nonpodjftre Moeft jiocochhrh... 
HHROJiaft HHROJiaHH'B, TaRi, GaTOHBRa, HOJUBBJi, BOBBHHTe en](e, A& 
coycy-TO, coycy npH6aBBTe... JlanaTOBB, xu Hero siBaemB? necH 
Ha lorB ROHeiTB Gjuqao... 

Ho rocTH uaoo oCpan^ajiH BHHMamfl na xosaHHa h saHHiiar 
joieB RasAuft co6ofi h cociffium. RaR% h BcerAa Ha RyRypHH- 
CRMi'B o6ififJi'b H yjRHHaxi, 8a ciojioirB Cuuio Becejuo h nenps- 
HyxAeHHo. 

Sorsa oROHHEJicji jlojuHl h cuTHuft yjRHH^B, BHRTopi saifi- 
rajTB, HTO ,8xicB H TaHl paBCTaBJuuiHCB y»e JiOM6epmie ctojiu, h 
nacHue 6HCTpo h 6e8i m ajr&Bmaro satpyAHeHia AijnumcB na 
HerBepRH. OrRyAa-xo hohbejiocb h^crojiibro rojdloaib Rapxi, sa- 
JKrooiCB cb^hh h ho npomjio fficmuL MiiHyTi, RaR'B bo BcbTb roh- 
i^axi ROMHaxu pasAaBaoiocB: 

— ?epBH, ABi nepBH... hhrh!.. 6e8'B ohux'b... 

— Bame npeBOCxoAHxejiBCTBo, — CRasajCB EyRypHny, xoace 
CHA^BmeMy sa bhhtohi, xojicxenBRlft ceRpexapB, — en^e xpn AORJOLana 
ocxajiocB. 

— %o?— paBHOAymHo oxBixHJTB KyicypHHi, npRcxaaiBHo Brjia- 
AKBajiCB BOE» mno napxHepa, — xaRi bu CRasajm cpasy MBi nepBH? a?.. 

— Axi, GaxeHBKa, nocxofixe, ao BacB-ora lyxi?— Ao6aBHjrB 
owbf o6paHi[aacB ri coRpexapio. 

-^ S. XOJIBRO Cftjll CBOnifB AOJ^'OITB... 

— Besi Roaiipeil?.. 3re-re!.. TpH AORJiaAa, bu roBopnxe?.. 
ILiXB, cyAapB/nepBeil... A? hxo?.. xaRi a 6epy npHRyni?.. ^a, 
lasB xpH AORJiaA^?- A) Hy, hocuotphitb... xpH AORJuaAa— HiXB, 
y MeHfl He xpH AORJiaAa, a 6oJu»moft mjieic^ b'b nepBAxi... 
Bam xoABXB... 

GurpaBi QuieMi, KyRypHHi o6BiiBHJi'B, hto locjii ysHHa 

HOBOSMOSHO HpoAOJiacaxB sac^AAHio* FjiacHue ne AByacHJiBHBie. H 

6HJI0 HopimeHO, hto ocraBmlecfl AORJiaAu 6yAyx% coiymaxBca 

aBXpa. 

9* 



132 P7CCKQE BOrATGTBO. 



vni. 

Ha Tperlfl s^hb sacixaHifl orohhhjihcb, h Bhktop% cb o6jiier-* 
HBBSBWb cepmsMn^ yixajcb xoMOft. mwb 6jnise noxB^sxajn ohb 
Kb XojmaMi), rtin Bce paxocTH^e ctaHOBBuiocB y Hero na cepffti, 

H OHB fJMMLh^ ^TO TODepB, Wb Kpjry pOffHUXB, OHy ciaHeTi co- 

Bciwh xopomo. Ho b% totb skb BenepB, chaa bb yioTHOft cto- 
jroBoft, ApRO ocB'bn^eHHOft JiaMDoS, sa ctojuoitb, HaRpHioMB 6iJiOH) 
CKaiepTBH), npH jiacROBOiTB Bop^aHBs caHOBapa, ohb no'iyBciBo- 
BaJO), "iTO H BA^CB He BepHyjiHCB KB Heiry hh noKOft, hh pS^OCTB 
H ^To Bi cepm% nonpexHeny rnidAHTCfl ynopnafl, cocyn^afl Tocsa. 
Eny noRasaJiocB xenepB, hto Bce, lero ohb Ao6HBajiCfl bb nocjri^ji;- 
nee Bpeica h Hero AofinJica/ jih)6obb Ojcbph, cohbh, HaTeplaJiB- 
Hoe (IsarococTOflHie, — Bce aio nycTO, nejiRO, CesQBiTHO h lycRjno, 
a Bce flpRoe, Bci npacRH xhshh— ocraincB nasaAH*.. H eiiy 
CTpacTHo saxoTijrocB BepnyrBCJi ohatb rb rtn, xaBHO npomes- 
mHMB, CesyMHfiiMB roAaui, noJHmcB chjebhutb onQ^niieHift sapa 
Kyrexeft, Hrpu, zenii^HHB... Botb tjs^, — ji^aiB ohb, — hoxho 
6u Haftrn saCBenle otb aroft rpusy^eft tocrh, botb ^mb mosho 
6u sarjiymHTB dioiB 6e8noROflntift BHyrpenHift rojiocB, ROTopuft 
sByHHTB laRB rpoMRO HMesHO noTOMy, HTO pasj^aeTCH bb THnuiH&. 
Eny xortjiocB ohjitb myiia h cyeru, 668yMH£ixB Honeft n xotb 
HeTOCTEixB, HO sTyHHXB, oDBJiHflionpaB oCBflTlft. Ohb He Aora- 
ABaiBajrca, hto sto ManHJia ero tojibro npomeAmaa hojioaoctb, boc- 
noHEHanie o6i onQrn^eHlflxi 6uTiJi, CBJisaHHuxB a^ Hero cb 

lOHHHB ABaAaaTHJliTHHlTB BOSpaCTOMB. 



OceHB Hactynajia HenacTHafly MpaHHafl, cb TeMHHME Ho^aim, 
Cb HopuBaMH AHRaro B^Tpa, ciyTOH^aro no zejuisy RpoBjm, boio- 
n^aro bb TpyCaxB, cb MejiRHiiB, yHUJraMB aoxagmb, thxo, 6eB- 
sByHHo ciion^HMB Ha deKJuo, npoHHsuBaionpnrB ao Rocieft xojioa- 

HOK)^ 3H06iin^eK) CUpOCTBH). 

0% caHaro yxpa BHRiopy 6suio ne no ceGi. Ohb ^yBCTBOBajTB, 
HTO npocTyAHJicji h tto b'b Tijrb chahtb JiHXopaAO^HUft 08Ho6b. 
nocjii saBTpaRa ohb nonpo6oBaji'B HHraTB, ^ho ^renie tojqcbro 
yxoMJiJiJio ero. Torsa ohb npHJierb na CToaBmift bb Ra6flHeTi 
cTapuft Typei^Rift AHBaHB, bb rotopomb otb AO^raro ynorpeC* 
jiciiiH o6pa80BajiHCB amu, RaRi pasB a^h Jiesanaro nojiosenU, 
HaRpuncfl CB FOJUOBoft AOMamHeft RopoTROft myCRoft h ho^h tot- 
nacB sacHyjiB. Ohb cnaoiB RpinRO h thx&jio cb neacHUHH cho- 
BHAtoijiMH, noTouB, npocHyBHincB, AO^ro ne mofb npHAm bi 
ceCfl H coo6pa8HTB, fa^ ohb h hto cb hheb. Bb btotb npoxe- 
scyioRB MeacAy chokb h npoCysAemeiTB owb bchomhhjib o Ayni. 
Bb rocjiliAHle Mioai^u, cpeAH xoft cipaHHOfl tocrh, ROTopaa 



PAcnjUTA. 133 

oxBaxuBajia ero Bce 6ojiBme h (k)jQ>me en^e co Bpeuemi co6paHia, 
om> HacTO BcnoKHHaji'L o Jijwb. TenepB eHy ao 6ojiih Itejio sejib 
efl... Fa'^-to OHa? ^to Ch Heft? H Ras'B owb mofb no8a6uTB o 
Heft, He AJMaiB o ea cjfff>6il Owh npeACTasjouurB ce6fb ee b'bhh- 
TBjffrk, jaimemax% h ropBRO bhhhjtb ce6a h A&BauB ce6i cjiobo 
pasHCRaiB ee. 

noTOMi UHCJIB ero nepenuia k% neny caHony; owb nepecMa- 
xpHBajfti roA^ sa roAOHi coGcTBeHHyio xhshb h ch ysacovB 
y6isijiMC£j HTo KSm^ ero nonpexHeMy ORyxaHa TBHoft, ^toohi* 
CA&najcB sa 9th foak? HH^eroI Oh% tojubko onycKancfl Bce HHxe 
H HHORe, rbmmji'b TH^ecjiaBie uevsdjm o BH&nHeBCB no^eii^, sa- 
CTaBUJTB seny cxpaAaiB (frb npsnaAROBib ero Taxejiaro xapaR- 
Tepa:.. A TaicB, bb rjiyCHHi AyniH ocTBBajiocB Bce TO-se, tojubko 
8a 8TH roAu «]iaTHyi]iKH> BxiAajuiCB, RaKi psa, Bce rJiyCse n 
rjsyCse vh ero CesAiaieJiBHyH) Aymy* Ohb bccb BSApornyjiii orb 
xaRoro-TO BByxpeHHAro ysaca. 

ToiT^a eny bchomhejuocb BApyrB, ^o nocjui a^AH ero ApBa- 
Alii CienaHOBH^a ociajicfl AHeBHERi, h hxo bi ahobher^ btom'b 
ecTB zapaRTopHCTHRa ero, BHRiopa. Ohi npHDOUHflJirB ce6i h to, 

HTO AHeBBHRl dTOTB HOJIOJRHJI'B Wh OnOpOJRHeHHUft JX/d HHCBMeH- 
Hllft CTOJTB CTapHKa H ^TO CTOJIl dTOFB OCTaJICfl CI HpO^OK) 06CTa- 
HOBROft Vh 60JIBniOMB J[f)lA* 

RpoiA 6ijn>a i cepe6pa, hsb cxaparo AOMa ho bbajqi HH^ero. 
BHRTopi nocemjica bo ^mrejA, a aoitb ctoajtb nycToft h Mpa^- 
HHft wb ToiTB BiiA'i, Bib KBROHi 6iVLT> nps CTapHR^ BaRyjiOBrft. 
Paea ABa bi> itic^mi 6uBmift RaliepAHHep'B ApRBAifl CTenano- 
BH^a GaBOJlft, ocraBmiftcfl nps ycaAB6% neHcloHepoMi, OTnpaB- 
juuicfl cb RjnoHaHH Bi sanyn^eHHuft AOifB h crnpaJi'B Cb Me6eJ[n 
niiJOB. RpoMi Hero, bbkto ho sarouiAHBaJi'B TyAa. Bhrtopi nopi- 
nom, hto HenpeiiiHHO noftAera h onin^erB bi cxojii noROftnaro 

A^AH AHOBHERl. IloCJli BOHepHflrO H9A OH'B HOpBUKCJi Wb CBOeiTB 
CTOJSi, OTUCRaJIl TaiTB KJIIOHH OTb CTOJia A^AH, BBflJTB CB^Hy H 

^HapB H, npeAynpeAHBi Gaaejdfl, RyAa haotb h saniinb, na- 
HpaBHJiCfl Hepesi ABopi Kb CojODbmouy AOMy. OH'B OTnepB CRpH- 
nynyio HapysHyio AsepB, hotoitb AsepB bx npHXOsyio h, sa- 
sennH CBliy, nomeji'B no ROMHaTavB. Ero oxaaTHJio nicROJiBRO 
acyxRoe, nejioBRoe nyacTBO OAHHo^ecTBa, oxHysAOHHOCTH otb 
Bcero Mlpa bi bthxi CooiBniJix'B noRoaxB, ci bucorhhh hotoji- 
Ran, CO CTapHHHoft Bib 6%JDix'B qexjiaxi ueCejoM. IlaxHyjioMo-* 

niJIBHOK) GIipOCTBK), SarXJIBOfB BOSAyXOlTB HeSHJIOft, AaBHO He 

npoBiTpHBBBmeftca o6HTeJiH. FyjuRO pasAaBaracB mani no Roima- 
TaiTB H neBOJiBHO xorinocB hath THme, 6e88ByHH%e. 

OAHHORaH CB^Ha cjt[a6o osapajia KOHHam, h iipaR^ CRonJUflJCx 
nOA'B BUCORHMH JUinHSMH HOTOJIRaMH, B'b yTJiaxB, noAi Me6ej[Bio. 
OrpOMHUfl CTapHHHHH SOpRaJia rJEHA^ TaHHCTBeHHO, H BHRTopy 

RasaiocB, HTO, ecjiH ovb sarjUHerb bi Hnxi, to yBBAm Tan 



134 PyCGKOX BOFATCTBO. 

iTO-TO CTpaniHoe. Po6octb oxBaiuBau era, ho os:b 6opoJica ci 
Heft. OB'b'npoxoAHJi'b TenepB ^epes'b fioJEbmyio rocTHHyjo, upa^- 
HyH) npH SHeBHOiTb f»x,e CBixi, h BcaouHHJTB, KaKL He jik>6hjii 
dToft KOMHaiii en^e npn jrhshh ahah. Orb nea Bcerxa Bioo 
HiiTb-TO ynujonrby HOAaBJiflioiitiurB. Bi Heft xoTixocB roBopHTB 
THme, CHA^Tb HHHHie, RaRB 6yAT0 Ha cxapEHHux'b mro^Huxb 
AHBaHaxi, Bi HeymocmHrL Kpacnaro nepoBa RpecjiarB, osoao 
BaiiftjmBHx^, BUJioseHHuxii 6poH3oft n nepjiaxyTpoirb ctojib- 
ROBi cHAins T^HH yjiu6aK)n{HXca9 ci posan h rojiyCRaioi bi 
pyxax'B, Bi CTpaHHuxi yCopaxi ci po6poHaini ffitn^ h nanyA- 

peHHUXl, CL OrpOMHHMH CTOA^EDfH BOpOTHSRaMH fipETaAHpOBB H 

renepaji'B-nopyHHEOB'B, no^epniBmie nOprpeTu EOTopsrB BUciJiH 
no crtHaiTB. 

BHRTopi ocranoBEJicfl nepeAi oahhitb jswb aiHX'B nopipeTOBi 
H, HOAHJiBinE CBi<[y, ciajii BFJiHAUBaTBCfl Bi Hero. 3to Cbutb 
HMeHHO Torb cacnHAi>, o KOTopoirB BcnonHHajTB HHorAa ApKiM(ift 
CxenaHOBH^i. Bo ^otcsoitb xyHAHpi BpeuenB HUDepaTpHQu 
Ahhh HsoCpaseni Cujh HieiHCTfiift, nepnOBOJiocuft MysHHfia 
jAtl copoEa. noAB orpoMHBiMH HaesHBHOiMHca 6poBfl]m yrpEOtfo 
H ne^ajiBHo rjiflA*^ nepHue, HeMHoro xaiapcBaro xHna rjnasa. 
BuAaBmiflCfl CEyjmf lasace H8o6jai'iaj[H MOsrojiBCRoe nposcxos* 
Aeme. Bee jomo oipasajio CRopte CKop6B, h^^btb 8Jio6yi ho 
OEOJio yrjiOBi pxa Hrpajia HeAo6pafl, sjiOBi^aa yjmtfKa. 

— BoTB Tu KaKOB'B, jiK)6e3H£ift npanpaAiATQE^} — BCJiyxi 
CKasajni BHETop'b h TOT^aci ace scnyrajicji BByna co6cTBeHHaro 
rojsoca, npo6&KaBmaro no nycTmrb noROiiirB, OTAaBmarocji rA^-xo 
AaJieRO HeacHiiiTB ryjioxB. A jun^o tacHHAa^, KasajiocB, yj[u6Hy- 
jiocB Bi oxB^xi H ycxa npomenxaiH: 

— ^a H xs, If oft MajuBHEKi, xose xopomi. 

XojioAHajst APOSB nponua no Bceiiy rimy BHKXopa h ^xo-xo 
oxAajiocB Bi caMHX'B rjiiy6oRHX'B xaftHHisaxB KjmsL: exy BasaaocB, 
Hxo xiHH Kasoro-xo Mpa^Haro nponuiaro, a^ho yHepmaxo, xa- 
nyxcfl K^ HOHy, Kasi ri cBoeft sepxBi. Oob npomejTB en^e oAHy 
ROHHaxy H CBepfiyjTB qepeai RoppHAopB bb fiojiBinoft, yciaBJien- 
HHft RHHJRHHim mRa^aicH Ra6]iHexi. Taxi, nocxaBHBB cni^j °^ 

CXOJTB, OHB npHCiJTB H OXHOpB OAHHB HS'B H^HROB-B. H OHflXB 

8B0Bnb saicRa nenpiAXHO napymajTB desMOJiBie noRSHyxaro Aona, 
KasB 6yAxo 6yAa RaRia-xo rbER^ nopoxAaa RaRie-xo cxpaHHHe 
oxRjiHRH. HepBU BHRXopa HanparaancB, RaRB bb xy naxaxHyn 
HO'iB, ROFAa yxepi ero aaa^— 

BsRxoprb BUHyjTB sanuaeHHyH) xexpaAb (tb AHeBHEROMi no- 
RoftHaro H xoxijTB BAxn AOMoft, no, pasBepnyBi xerp^B, nesa- 
icixHO yBaoRca HxenieirB h Ao^ro ne oxpuBajuca otb sanncoRB 
yMepmaro. 

<BoK>cB a 8a BHRXopa, — npoqeaB om^ bb oahomb H^cxi,— ohi 
BecB nopHBB, yBJie^eme. Oh% oAHnaROBO crxohohb Kh caicoKy 



PiJCIUiLTJL 135 

npeKpacHOMy h BucoROHy, KaRi n Kb hhsromj. Msri Basercji, 
HTO Bi nopKffii CTpacTH owb He ocraHOBHTCfl HH nepeAi^ ^iwh* 
H KaiTB sHaiB, ^TO en^e Hosen xxaT& ero hi 6y)[jmfiWb. Oh^e 
He ycTaHOBHJiar h en^e xmto He yctaHOBHTCfl. H xot&itb 6ii 
BepHyTL npesHia CHjra, ^to6u CAepacHsaTB aioro njiaMessaro 
H xopororo mh^ lOHomy, pyROBOAiTB nwh. Mei RaseTCfl, ^nx) 
Bi HeiTb, RaBi h'b ^Ryciy a BExy h bc^ onaceeia, h Bci hbt 
ffix/m Hamero necHacTHaro poAa...» 

A HicBOJiBRo xbvb cnycTfl 6ujio saHeceno: «... nsi Hero 
(BHKTopa) BuxoAHTB, Raxexcfl, xopomift HeJUOBisi. Ho a no^ 
npesHeny 6oK)Cb sa Hero. Ectb b% nen "qio-TO cyMacdpoAHoe, 
^THzifiBoe. A MeasAy liirB, nonpesHeiiy a nyBCiByio, hto hhohho 

B'B 8T0ft JSyuA AOJUReHl paSBirpaTBCfl pOROBOft RpHBHCB. fl A7~ 

Majnb, HTO npoRJUflxie namero poAa npoRp^TiuiocB. Hiii, oho 
Honuro As^AHie. H a 6ok)Cb sa nero, 6ok)cb 8a cyA^6y aioft ho- 
ypaBHOBinieHHoft, cipacxHoft h HiuiRoft natypu... Ohb CHMnan- 
^esB, noTOMy ^to vh ero ropa^eni ce^jsfjjb TasTca npeRpacHue 

Bl^aTRH. H eCJlH OHB paSOBBOTB HXl, Hami pOA'B 0CB060AKTCfl 

^TB poROBoro HacjriACTBa... ho xosaHHa, Bibpnaro pyROBOAHxeJiii 
Bi> ero Aynii nin, Hjm aron xosahhb HOJraHTB. BlpHaro npoA- 
ciaBjieHiH HanpaBJieHlH Aopora oh'b ho mA&n> h jierRO ho- 
acerB CBopnyTB b:b TpacHHy. A TorAa, TorAa»... 

JI,HeBHHKB BJUnaJTB H8l pyR'B BHRTOpa, RaRB 6yAT0 0TB BHe- 

sanflaro TOjraRa. 0, RaRi 8totb ciapHKB xopomo sHan ero! H 
OHB npeACRasaJTB B^pno: a^^ botb lenepB ohb, Bhrtop^, a^bho 
vb TpacHHi* Qhi BSAporHyjTB H orjunyjucfl cb nepBHoft apo^rbio: 
B'B dToft caxoft ROKHarfi yxepi) BoiaAHMipi. Bohi xyrB cioflJia 
Jiyaca ^epHoft RpoBH... 

n RasB HOFB OHi, BflRTopx, no8a6uTB npo dTO? MaioAym- 
Hiift crpaxi oxBaTHJTB ero. Ohs po6RO nocMOTp^^ RpyroHib. 
€rbo8b pacRpuTua bucorIh ABopn raiaA^jTB Ha nero MpaRi co- 
c^AHeft RoifHaTBi. KpyroMi no CTinaui croHjni orponeue qepHaro 
Aopesa nma^H. Ha oahohi hsi hexi rjiaA^^ xapaRiepnaa ro- 
JiOBa 6poH80Baro HyniRHHa. H Bce aro ROJuedaJiocB TiHHHH b^b 
cjiatfoH'B HepxtaniH OAHSOROft cb^hh. 



3a ORHOMi, BSXOAflnqnci bi ifB^THHRi H Kb cejuy, mynin 
XOAA^; cjoiniHO 6hjio, RaKib Biftxepi npHrH6aeTi BepmHHU a^ 
poBBOBi. Ho wicB B'B HORHHyTOMi AOi^ CTOflJia HOJiHafl THnora^ 
H Hunm He cRpe6jiH noffB noTpecRaBniHMHCfl h BSAyrmai napxe- 
TaHH, sa HOJiHHflBmmoi, nopBaHraimi oOoflia... 

BApyrB RTO-To thxo nocryHaii cnapym b% 6ajiR0HHyx> 
jlBepB. BsRiopi noAOSAajTB n nojaassjju^ naAi&flCB, ^o aro 



136 PyCCROE BOrATGTBO. 

omH6Ra cjiyxa, h 6ohcb ssrJiflHyTB na XBepB. Ho bb xBepB n(H 
CTy^aJiH CHOBa. 

Torsa BnKTopi bcko^bjh co cryjia, spoxa on Hecrepmiuaro^ 
oxBAaniiSE nero-TO ysacHaro, h bsabii CB^qy, cA^ajni* marL Kh 
ABepH. Tyrb owb 'OCTanoBBJica, cepxAO ero saHHpajio, bi ro- 
jiOBi MyTBJiocB,— nepefti rjiasaiiH HauHajia BupiicoBUBaTi»cfl cxa- 
pa£ rajiJiioitflHaivJsr. GKJSOHHBmlflcji nejiOB^Ri, spoBb na jom^ b 
Ba rpyAH... Botb ohi cefinacb noAuuen rojuoBy,.. 

BHKTOpT> pBaSyJICA Bl ABOpn, HyBCTByA, HTO CsSLZOKb KS 

CTpamHOMy noTpacoBiio. Ki c^acTBio, CTysi noBTopnjiC£ loi^acB- 
se, H H3i sa ABopH AO CJiyxa BflRTopa AOHecca ckbosb mju% 
AosAfl iHxift jKOHCRlft rojiocB: 

— BflRTopB Eropim, a, BHRTopi Eropurai. 

— StO TaHl)?— iE^HRHyJIB BsRTOpi, HOAXOAfl £*& ABOpH. 

— 3to a/JIjHa, OTBopn, Bhrtopb EropHW, . a& CBi^-io^ 
oicxaBB, CB§Hy. 

— FocnoAB!— BEi cefifl on HsyMJieHiH h paAOCTH bocrjihk- 

EyJTB BHRTOpi, CBJDLflCB OTOHRHyTB AP02RaiI][]IMH pyRBMH AB^B. 

— JijEA^ — npoAOJOiscaJTB OHB, BDycRafl ee bb KoimaTy, — a^^ 

^0 8T0? yXB H6 CnJDO JU s?.. 

Ofla Bomjta h hhbro, cieneHHO noRJiOHHJiiacB eiiy; ona no- 
xyA^JDia H nocTap&ia h OA^ia 6ujiia bo bco ^epHoe, KaRB oa^- 
BaK)TCJ5[ He6oraTiiJi CoroHOJUBHUfl iiin^aHRH. 

— 3ApaBCTBy*, Bhrtopb EropiriB. 

nOTOMB TOponJUlBO CXBaiHJia nOACBi^fflUCB E OTHeCJia BB CO- 
C^AHIOK) KOMHaiy. 

— Gb cejna 6u ho yBBAaJiH, — hoflCHHora ona. 

Ohb TMKbjL'b Ha Hoe, HsyiuieHHHft, paAOCiHuft h Aposan^ift 

UepBHOK) APOXBK). 

— OiRyAa Tu s RaRB ciOAa nonajna? 

— fl BTopoft AOHB csLXij J RysHOiia, npfltaHJiacB. ffieHa-xo^ 
ero Ryica uai. A npsnuia a. noBHAaiB leCa en^e pasoRB, Bbr- 

TopB EropuH^b. j!I|a Bce cnoco6HOCTH ho Cujlo. 

— PascRasuBafl xe o ceCi, Bce pascRasutBaft. fl a&bhcv^ 

TOCRyio no leOi, .Syna. 

— Bbaho cepAi^e Moe b^ctb re6i noAasajio. 

— ^a HTO Tu, rjijfnafly npBHO ne npHnuiia. CRaaajia Cu^ 

mxo paHBme snasa ueea. 

— H%TB, HO roABTM, WO TH, Bort CB io6oft. 

— AxB, ,9jHA, RaRB .a uyaiJica sa lefia; Bce, AJMaio, b'b. 
nysA^ lu. Hy, pascRasBuaft se. 

— Aa, BOTB, BHCMaTpHBaiO a, ORHOMB A& npHAyMBKBaK), RaRB^ 

6u Te6fl noBHAaiB. Xoi^Jia RyMy noAOCJiaiB BusBaiB Te6a. A 
rjTbj TAflAB, BB ciapoMB noui oroHOKB saienjmjircfl. SI npo6pa^ 
MCB caAOMB Aft Ha 6ajDacoHB. n Bonusa. 

— flflk HTO 6WL0 CB T060t dTH TOAU? Tfjb SHJSa TH? 



PACMATA. 137 

— A 6oJiBme no MOHacTupflifb. Ejujia y icaiepH ApKaAiH 
vb CTapKOBCROft oCwnjok; y npenoAoGnaro BapcoHo^ifl, bi Ek- 
pHJunoBCKOH'bMOHacrupi. £ce Bora MOJDiJia, Bce cepAi^e HSJiHBasa, — 
THXOHBKO H DOTyHJiCB Ao6aBHJiia OHa. 

Obi rji^A^Ji'b Ha nee xaAHUMi, BOCXHU^eHHuinb Bsopom h 
Bce eme Aposaaii orb HeAasHflro nepBHaro noipHceHiH. 

— Hy, a AaJiBme hto? 

— TenepB npoGnpaiocB jsfLJiene. Bi GBflTOOsepCKyio o6}HTesb. 
Taifb Cyserb Koneicb MoeMy CTpaHCTBiio... J(a cepxi<e-T0 He bu- 
Tepnijio; saxoiijiocB en^e pasHR'b noBHAaTB leCa... Bhta tfoft, 
BaieHBEa... 

— He saCHJia eme Mena?.. 
Ona rjiy6oRa BSAOxnyjia. 

— Htmio saCyAeniB. 

— AyHHy cjnymatt, tu HsicyHEJia mohh. ymjua Gesi AenerB. 
Bi BUJBfiTb, He6ocB, 6ujia. 

— 3, mo MHi AeHBFH? HB HaAO MHt HXB. 

— FocnoAH, RaR'B a BBHOBaxB nepoAB To6ofl! 

— IIOJUHO, UHJOUft) BCe A npOCTHJSa. Th-TO MeHfl npocTH. 

Ohb onycTHJiB rojiOBy h rjiy6oKO saAyMaJiCH, hotohb hoahjutb 
TpeBOSfluft H saropiBmlftCA BsopB. 

— AyHA. 

— %o TN, BHKTopi EropuHi?— cnpocHJia ona. 

— Cjiymafl, fynSi... xo^emB... tu, beaho, BopaBAy saROJi- 
AOBajia MOHfl... xo^euiB & Bce 6pomy... 

— IIOJIHO, BHT6HBKa*.. 

Om> BciajiB H cxBaiHJicA sa rojioBy, KOTopaa na^HHajia ouibho 

(SojniTB H KpyaCHTBCfl... 

— 9 ceft^acB cxoacy Kb ce(ii, BOdBuy AenerB... yfiAeiCB, 

fyUB... A^BRO, fJUlBKO... Ha Rpaft CB^Ta... IIhRTO HaCB HB 
OTiin^BTB... 

— Opb ce6a hb yfliH, BarBHBKa. 

— BoTB HTO... A yae hhtofo hb xony... a ohhtb tboA) 
Ayna... B08BMH HBHa, }(yHa... 

— Ofl-M? 

— B%pHO... yacB a 6ojiBmB hb yfiAy otb Te6a... JIjmomjRSij 
lyna! 

Ona TOZB BCiajia h cb saropiBniHiica Bsopoirb n^onuia rb 
HBvy h cxBanjia bfo sa pyRy. 

— TaRB HB 8a6fiijrB bh^b MBHa? JiioCa a emfi TB5i? 

Ohb cipacTHO oxBaTHaB oa craHB pyBaim h npHsaaB junto 
KB BH mny. 

— Hb yftA^niB, — mBHiajTB ohb, — icoa tu... h norH6axB tbrb 

n OHa OTB-lnajna ony TaRHMH x,e CesyuHiDa noitiayaiiH h 
aBHyaa rb neicy, iBpaa roaoBy, cHacTasBaa h CTpaAaionitaa. A 



138 PyCCKQB BOFATCTlto. 

Bi» cepAA^ BHRTopa cbosb nopuB'B cipacTH 6Hja cipya rasejioft 
60JIH. BApypL JIjBH 6ucTpmrL nopuBOM'B ^ucEOJibSHyjia HBiero 
06'MTift H CpocHjracB r'b 5aJiROHHoft ABepH. 

— GyMacmeAnne iiu, OAepsHioiel — He cbohitb rojiocoiTB 
RpHKHyjia ona bi yacaci, — pasBi sa 9THirb npHnuia h jsh Te6i? 

Ohi» xoxiiTB onaTB CpocHTBCfl Kb Heft, HO OHa ocTauoBEJia ero. 

— He cuift,— xasejio Aimra saroBopsjia ona, — He cnift! H 
Bejnudft oC^Tb Aasa. H Tps roAa na roju^haxi npocroHsa, mo- 
jiHJia... HojReHLRH onyxjiii, Hscoxjia sl... a nexijiHMH b% pen 
KycEa He CpaJia, njie^H njieibBTH HspaHHJia... Ore^b HsBOJiaft 
CjiaFOCJiOBHjrb Henn Ha HHO^ecTBO... A ra... HCKycsrejib... onflxb 
MeHfl pacTpeBoxHJi'B... OciaBb, ne hosxoah!.. 

Ho owb yse h cam onoicHHjrca, Bb KOMi^Ti^ 6yAT0 npo- 
HecjiocB "iTO-TO HOBoe. Ona ycnoROHJiacB nepBaa. 

— jl 8a pe6eH0HRa namero MOJiHJia, — thxo 8aroBopHja[a ona 

OHflTL aUUIRHMB HaATpeCHyTilirB rOJCOCOMB, Cpasy npOHHKOIHMl 

wb jijmY BHKTopa. — hohb Bce HOJEHJua, Bce snajia: npocTHTB-jn 
MOHfl rocnoAB...A TEi...Aa z 6h pjrh na ce6flHajiosHJ[anoTOirb. 

— HpocTH MOHJi, JtyHfl,— noKopHO CRasajTB BHRTopB, — 3a5y* 
AOHB, ^TO 6jujio. 

Ohh noMOJraajDi, h o6ohxb ciajia oxBaTHBaib THxas, rjiyCoRaa, 
6e8rpaHH^Haa ne^aJUB. 

— TflsejTo naici, ^jee. 

— Oft TAsejEO, Bhta, TaRi t^jrko, Tasi taxro... 
Ona cffijiajia Kb neiiy man h onycTHJiacB na ROJiitHi. 

— HpocTH vena sa Bce; bch) 8jiio6y mok) npocin. 
Owb nopuBHCTo HOXHHJTb eo. 

— Te6i JiH npocHTb Mena? a-xo, a RaKB BHHOBarb nepe^B 
To6oft... 

— Borb npocxHrb... A a sjia na Te6a ne sepji^, BHreHbRa. 
Hy, npocTHMca na b^hhoo pasciaBaHbe... 

Ohh noAomjiH oahhb ri ApyroMy h rp^hro oCnajaicb. H 
yjRe He 6hjko wb aioirb noi^y^ cjd^aobi cTpaciH. Jlyna cxIuJia 
marb rb ABepairb. 

— EocTOfi, — ORjraRHyjTb OFb ee,— RaRi se th Cesi Aonerb 
noftsemb? noroffi neiiHoro, a cxo^y npHHecy. 

— He BosbMy, HH^ero ne BosbHy, — ropano OTRasajiacb ona. 

— .SjHa, He Mynaft Mena, Bosbini. XoTb dTHMi rqueovo... 
ycHOROft Mena. 

Ona ocxaHOBHaacb 

— Hy, coTHK) naft. 

Osb BcnoMHHJTb BApyrb, tto 8a6ujrb cnparaib aojiyTOHHua 
ceroAHa mi> rohtoph sa ApoBa jsfii tuchto h paAociHO, cb 
AposbK) Bi pyRaxi oTHCRHBaJTb HXB Kb RapHafli. 

— EcTb, ecTb... dAicb, — menrajTb ohb, BUHHiiaa mrb. — 
Bon, BosbMH, cnpaHb vb Rapicaffb* 



\ 



PACHIATA. 139 

Ohi QpocKvca Kb Heft, oShhjtb ee h sanjiaKaji'L. 

— Ath^i npocTH KeHfl. Bora pa;(H npocra. 

OHa THXOHbRO oTCTpaHBJiacb oil Hero, noAHajia pyny na 
o6pan H TopsecTBeHHo nporoBopnjia: 

— BoTb Te6ft CBHK'&TeJiB, Bce a npocTHsa, Bce h8i cepjma 

BOHnb BHKHHyJia. npOCTH H Tfill 

Ona nepeRpeciHJiacB h pinmrejEbEBHfb maroHi nomia Kb 
tfajiKOHy. Bti ssepflX'b ona en^e pas'b BsrjuiHyjia na BasTopa, 

HOTOMl OTBOpHJUa XBOpb H fiUIHiia H8l BOMHaTH. Btiep'b H J^OSJ^B. 

CKpmm mywb ea maroBi. 



X. 

Ob dToft HOW fflsi BHBTopa Ha^anacB crpaHHaa shshb. Ohb 
KasB-TO ynajTB AyxoMi, OTCTpaHHjrcflOTBjnoAeftHAaaceoncevBV, 
ymejTB bi cefia. Owb hh^itb ho saHHicaiiCfl h i^tjnie ahh Dp9- 
BOXUTB Kb Ka6HHeTi, oxHHOKift, yipioHBifty paBHo;^inauft ko 
Bceny, hto hh gbsiA^Mb xpyroifB. OjiBra Ha^iHeaia tpsbokhtbca 
Bce CoJiie H 6oji'6e, ho HH^jia cboh npH^HHU ne aob'&phtb hh 
EOMy CBOK) TpeBory. OxHaRO, h JIbohhai saviTHJi'B cocTOflHie bath, 
mrajica saroBapsBaTB cb hhitb, pacnpamHeaTb h ne soCHJicfl 
HHHero. 

AeHB sa XHeiTB npo6%saj[H rpH xoJirie, crpamHUd js,iie Bhk- 
Topa iriMnta. B'b kjuA ero ycTaHosHJiocb OROHqaTOJib^o RaBoe-To 
TAseJEoe cnoRoftCTBie, RaRi 6yAT0 jsflA Hero yse ptineHB Cujtb 
poROBoft, x&BHO TepsaBmift ero BonpocB. Bb cyn^HocTH-se noci- 
H^eHie fysB. BepHyjio ero ohatb nasaAi, sa j^cbojubro JutrB, h 
OKB yBHA^^ ce6fl ohatb npesHHiTB, ohatb ohi crajii y nanajia 
HyiH, ROTopuft RasajscA eicy npoftAeHHHiiB, ohatb Jimiioif b rb jiHiiy 
Cb TinH-se BonpocaMH h cb T%irB-se snaROimiCB h odatb cbI- 
jRHiTB crpaAAHieirB. 

JleoHHXB yroBapHBaxB cecrpy npnrjiacHTB Bpaw ncHxlaipa, 
HO OJUBra no?eiiy-To ynopno h 6oa8jihbo oTRasHBaJiacB otb aroro 
npeAxosenia. 

— 9to He TO, He to, — ciiyn^eHHO TBepAHJia ona. — ^Y nero 
saRaA-TO TAsejiaA, nenoABHsnaA hhcab. 

Ona 6oAAacB aroro coctoahIa, ho en^e 6oA%e CoAsacB 
ncHxiaTpa. Ona ^to-to TaHJia npo ce6A. 

OAHaa^tH, 8T0 6iuio nocjii HOBaro roAa, OHa Bomjua Benep- 

ROKB Kb RaCHHOTB lCy»a. BHRTOpi HOAyAeSaSl Kb 60JD[BniOirB 

Kpeci^, Tyno fjiaaa bb seifJiK) h hh^oto ho cjiuma, hto A^Aa- 
jiocB RpyroKB. OABra ocTaHOBHJtacB nepeffB hhitb, A^psa na py^ 
BaTB zopomeHBRaro RyApABaro TpexjriTHflro K>poHRy. 

— A Mu npHnuH Kb Te6i cynepHH^aTB, — CRasajia ona,— 
npBHHHaft rocTeft. 



140 PyCCEOE BOrATCTBO. • 

BHKTopx ch ycHJiieHi npHnoAHajTB rojiOBy h 6oj[i3fieHHO 
CMopnyuicH. Owh npHnoMHHajii lenepB, hto yse ne pasi npa- 
CTaBsuiH K% Heicy, to sena, to JleoHH^'B ci npocBfiaiin ^o-to 
CRasaTB, hto-to oteputb. A any HH^ero, HHqero ho HaAoI H bc^ 
3Tfl JUOAH, H OJiBra, H JleoHHAx, H skiMf — iBcieiiyHysAU h hk 

ROM'b HSI) HH£B OHl HHROFXa HO AyMaOTB. H HTO CjX&Fb Ch 

HHifB Aajn>me, ohi Toze ne Aynaerb. Ofli BcnoMHHaerb jramL 

TO, ^0 ChJIO, H ho Bl CHJiaXl OTOpBaTBCfl OTl HdTHX'b OTpaB* 
MJOmfiTh BOCnOMHHaHift, OWh SHBeTB CpeXH HHZ'B. 

— ^ero Te64?— ci> ycHJrieM*b nporoBopHJii ohi, OTBepiH- 

BaflCB Bl CTOpOHy. 

— Bht^, npHJiacRaft ace Haci». 
Owb cjierRa MaxHyjii pyRoio. 

— He Haso. YftAH, noacaiyftcTa. 

— Beta, BnTfl, ^qiTO ch To6ofl, ito tu? He AJut MeHJS, xasL 
AU ffiTeft, yMOJiflK) TeCa, ohhhcb, nocrapaflca onoMOHTBca... 7 
Te6fl ^To-To TJBUBejioe ea xjmi... SI HsirywjiacB, a no soiairb 
npHFJiflAHBaiocB Ki Te($i H ^HTaio Ha TBOOMi JiH^i cTpamHyio 
Myny... SoxiJOiCB co mhoS, CRaaui Bce, n im 6yAeirB crpaxafE 

BlliCTi. 

Ohs nyrjiHBO npymojomzcu. 

— ^TO?.. a rOBOpHJUl HT0-HH6yAB BO ch4?- 

— HH^erOy Beta, Hnane a He cnpaniEBaoa-Cti toCa. 

— Hy^ TaR!B ocTaBB; HE^ero wbrb. Cmotph, icajib^K^ cefl- 
Hacb saHJiaHerb. Hexopomo tpoboshtb ero Boo6paxeHie... 

Ona BcrajQia h BHnua, ho TOT^acB sue BepnyjiacB OAHa. Ofla 
c6jia OKOJKO Mysa, roraAHjra ero pyEoft no jomy, JucKaJiacB r'b 
HeMy, esBa yxepssBaa cjiesH. 

— BETa, HTO a y Te6a cnpomy... 

— Hy? — paBHOflyniHO OTBirajTB offB. 

— OceHBK), — saroBopsjia ona BSBOJmoBaHHBDrB, ho TBepxmcB 
roJiocoiTB, EaRB 6ysT0 pimEJiacB upoHSBOCTE doJuisHeHHyK) one- 
paAiK),— oceHBH) y Te6a 6ujra RaRaa-TO seHotEHa... b'b GoJSBinoM^ 

AOlii... MHi rOBOpHJIH... RTO-Se 8T0, BeTA? 

Ohi cTpamno noCsibfpibjrb, h ona HyBCTBOBajra, RaRi owb b6c& 
saxposajii noA'B ea jcacRaion^ett pyRoft. 

— Kto? RaRan senniBHa?*. 

Ona He cpasy namjiacB hto otb^thtb. Ona ysnajna b'b nep- 
Buft aRe roA'B hocji'I cbi^6u, hto BEsropi Cujii CBHsan'B Cb Ra- 
Roft-TO cyxacHoft oReHn^EHOft^. OrRpuTie 8to eacTaBEJio ee hhofo 
BucrpaAaTB, ho jaRB RaRi Bertop^ HecouH^HHo e ropn^o jex>- 
6fljii> ee, OHa noHeHHory npHMflpHJiacB cb bteitb OTRpuTleMi^B h 
HHROFAa He saroBapEBajca ci nyseH^B o ero npomjioMi. 

— ?T0? yse ycnijiH naojiecTE npo Mena?— Bi rojcoci, ro- 
TopuiTB offB npoESHecB 8T0TB BoopocB, cjiHmajiiacB HaATpecHyraa 

E ^aJQIBHIEBafl HOTa. 



PACMATA. 141 

-^ RiThy Kpjvb Moft, H HH^ero He anaio h HH^ero He ATMaio. 
9 TOJiBRO cnpamHBaio, h xo^y, & HMto npaso snaTB, ne 3Ta-JiH 
jKeHDtHHa TaR^ noBJii^jEa na lefia? 

Offb HawHajTii cepAHTBCA, ho OjiBra paAOBajiacL h dToicy. 3to 
Bce JiyHiQe, ^ivrb Tynaa anailii. 

— Aa ?T0 TU Ko uni npHAHpaenncii wb canoirB a^jtI — He 
Bce se cBaRaTB Ha o^Hoft Hori Aa nicHH uin. 

Ho OHi» caiTB noHBMa^'b, hto roaopHTi HenpaBAy, (j^aaiBBmBaa 
Hora H eny caMOMy pibsajsa yxo h, roho^ho, ho Morjua o6MaHyTi> 
Onry. Ona a^bho BHAHn, nro ohi BpeuenaMH 6yAT0 sacBinaen 
jQrniofty a BpeHenaMH CTpaAaen, lan wb ce6% RaRyio-To neno- 
HATHyio eft CRop6B. Oe^ HH^'&M'b He HRTepecyeTCH, saSujTB Aa»e 
npo A^Teft. Ohi hohth nepecTajrb icib, noxyA'^Jii, noKejirijrb, 
noRpujicfl Hopn^HHaHH H Ha noJiOBHHy hoc^a^^'b. Ho, rjnasHoe, 
HO^H, 0, arn THseooiH, aojifIh ho^h! OjiBra npHTBopHTCH, ?to 
cuBTb, a caMa npHCJiyniBBaeTCH, npHrjiaAi>iBaeTCH, RaRi owb hohth 
AO CB^Ty Bopo^aetcfl cb 6oRy na Cokb, npHBCTanerB, nocHAHrB, 
HpofiAeTCJi HO ROHHaTaMi, onjiTB naTRQVb H onaTB Bopo^aercA. A 
KOFAa sacHeiTBf HaRoaeit^, RaRoe CRopSnoe, cTpaAajiB^ecRoe bbi- 
pasenle y nero Ha sivLni. KaRib oh'b crap^ TorAa, HSHeMOsceni. 
O, y Hero crpamHaa TfljRecTB na Ayini, h oh% TanrB aiy ta- 
secTB, He xoTOrB hoa^htbch cb neio. Ona saRpHJia jrai^o py- 



— MHJiBift, A He Hory TaRi* CojiBine... 51 Bce, BCe npHify, 
BH on ^ero ne oTBepnycB... Ho sa nro-se TaRaa MyRa? ^to a 
TeGi cA^aJia, noneify th saiiRHyjicfl orB Heni?.. 

Offb OTBejTB efl pyRH h npHcrajiBao BrjiHAUBaJucH bb en SEnp, 
<$yATO HaHflHafl ohatb ysnaaaTB, 6yAT0 Hsy^aa ero, 6yAT0 CTa- 
paacB npoHHRHyxB Bi cauyH) rjiy6HHy en cepAi^a. 

— A ecjiH... aa UHOft... npeciynjieHle?... — CRasajTB owb rjiyxo. 
Ona OTBlTHJua ne cpasy. JIjxi saxsatHJio. Ona yse npoA- 

^yBCTBOBajia vo-to noAo6Hoe, ho CTpamno, neBUHOCHuo Csjio 
nepexoAHTB on AonMlORi r'b yaipeHHocTH. Ho, OBJiaA'^Bi co6oft, 
OHa ynajia HepeAi Hyseici na roji^hh, npHJiBHyjia r'b neiiy 
aisHO H po6Ro H rjiaAHJa ero pyRy pyROft. 

— Bce uni OTKpoft, Bce, Bcel.. 

H OH'B OTRpBUTB Oft BCO. TflXHIfB, FJiyXHlfB rOJUOCOlTB paSCRa- 

BaiTB OH'B eft, RaRi Ha ncnoBi^AEr, HCTopiio Bceft CBoeft jrhshh. 
H HHHoro He yiaHjrB, HB^ero ne npHRpacHJU. OffB CTpamno 
CTpaAaJTB BO Bpeiia pascRasa, ho bto CTpaAanie Gujio oCiier^eHi- 

€1CB, Vh CpaBHOHlH CI MepTBan^HHl CHOROftCTBieiTB H TOCROft, I^a- 

pHBmHMH Bi> jkjmb ero nocJi^AHie u'lcai^u. RorAa ohi orohhhjtb, 
BacrynHJio My^HiejiBHoe HOjraaHie* Bhrtopi thsojio A^inajii h 
xiaji'B otB'lTa, 

— Hy, TenepB tu Bce BHaemB... H ra Aojusna OTBopnyTBca 
on MOHfl... HaacerAal 



142 PyCGSOB BOFATCTBO. 

Ofia jsp GoJOL cacEjra ero domnyio, iiycByjiHCTyK), ho CTpaniHO 
BcxyA:iBmyio pysy h nospiiJia ee nov^yaxE. 

— Mni? OTsepHyiBca?!. Ho a Te6s jdo6j[h>, jiio6jiio en^e 
cHJiLHie... EcjiH TH CTpaxaeinBy h a 6y;^ cipaxaTB... 

Ohi* cjierRa oiTOJiKHyju'b ee ci HenoHATHmcb eny caxoMy pas- 
xpasesdeirb. 

— $pa3Hl.. n HA^ero vni He nysHO... Hah CBoeft soporoft... 
A ii HofiAy CBoefty fl snaio, hto mhI x:&iiaTb... 

Ohi xoT&i'b BCTaii, HO ea pyna ORasajiacB CHJUBHie, ^iwh 
061 Aynajn. H ohb ocxajicfl na wbcA. 

— HIt^, dTo npasxa, — roBopHoia OHa bi rjiyCoKOirL pas- 
xyHBH... nocTOt... 910 Bce HHa^e... ne Tas^, KaKB ra bhahiqbI 
9to HenpaBAa npo BjoaffHidpa... h npo pe6eHKa loxe neopaBx^: 
ru He xoT&ii dToro h ho snajTB... tboji BHHa... Bce name rope, 
HTO TU o6Ejiibjrb 0iy A^Bynnsy... snaJTB, ^o o6HsaeinB, h o6EKkjPb... 
ch aioro Ha^ajiOGB, axo hswq HCRyuHTB h sarjiaARB. 

— RaKb-Se, BBKB, HayHHl — CnpOCHJTB OHB 6e8nOKOI]^HO... 

Qna o6HHJia ero Kpinne, Ras'B MaTB cipasaiontaro peCoHRa, h 
OHH cbaIjih TaR^b, npHSHMaflCB Apyrb r'b xpyry. Honnafl lOMHon 
CM^HSJia xojnie cyiiepRH. 

H BHRTopi HyBCTBOBaiTB, HTO MepTBAHiee onaanie yoRO yciy- 
HHJio Bi Herb ificTO rjtyfioROft, ho THxoft rpycTH, Toft rpycn, 
npH ROTopoft en^e bosmosho xlhtb. EaRi CyAio Ta CHJia jrio6BH, 
ROTopyio npHHecJia eiiy Hi^eApuirb cepAiteifb Ojibra, TeiiJiiOMi» npo- 
HHRjia OMy Bi AJiny, pasorpijia ee h ciciirujia. Eiiy xoriJiOGb 
Tenepb njraRaTb, npHacHxaTBca Kb 0jibi4, HCRaiB y nea san^aisi 
H noMonui. 

— 0, eCJUH 6vi USb BCHOXHETB, CX RaRHXH HHOHHO MHCJraMH 

AaBajn. a lorAa aiH AeHBin HHRemRi... Ho, Hin, & ace bcho- 

HHHaH), BCe BCHOHHHaiO H HO KOry BCaOMHHZb... Bl 9T0HI MOO 

rope, dTOMOHa cboahtb Cbyna... 

Ona npHJiBHyjra Kb neny, BSAparHBaa h emfi Rpinne npn- 
aRHMafl ero R:b ceCi. Oaa roaopHJia qTO-io... GoioBa 6ujni Hey(!i- 

AHTOJIBHU H CJiafiU, HO OBTb HyBCTBOBaJTb, RBRl paAOVB 02 COpAIie 

fibOTca ero co6cTBeHHoft Cojibh), h eny cxaHOBHJiocb 6ojibho sa 
nee n Buicii RaRi* Cjato Jier^e sa ce6a. 



XI. 

XOTH BflRTOpi HO OnpaBHJICfl COBCilfB, HO Cb SToro BOHOpa 

eicy ciajio h^crojibro Aerne: oh'b yse Horb onaxb SHTb, xoth h 
cb B^vfloft rpycTBH) Ha cepAi]^^- Gohi BosBpas^ajiCfl Ri HOHy, ho 
MbicjiB npoAOJiacaJia ynopno pa6oTaTB HaA% HToraKH ero xebhh. 
Owb npHHOMHHaJi'b CBoe nponuoe h ^yacTBOBajn, ^lo bch> zhbhb 

HaXOAHJICA BO BJiaCTfl RBRBX^-TO BpaSAOCHUXX, TOHHblXl CBJTB. 



PACIUIATA. 143 

Oh!& BCnOMHUl OnflTB SHeBHHKb ftflAE H CTAJIIl RaRl-TO KHCTHHe- 

CKH cyeBipeffb. Fpin npeAsa cacnnAai BBucKHBaerca Ha nocjii^ 
jOrioii^Hrb noKOJiiHlJiSB. B'b ero nyint pasurpaJiacB 6opB6a cb 
poKOBOft CHJsoft ceiceftHaro npoxJiaT&fl; n owb h6 ycTOJiJi'B npo- 
THBt Bpara; ohi yse najrb, 0H:b yHH^TOseni 9 no^aBJieH^. H 
HanpacHO Onra roBopim, ^xo Bce mosho HCRynnTB. ^im HCKy- 
hhtb? JIioCobb, jik)6obb! Ho b%ab ohi, Bhktopi, BcerAa roiOBi 
Ha HOBoe npecTynoieHie. JI|aBHO-JiH fotobi ohi 6ujn> Bce 6pocHib 
H 6iacaTB cb Jjjneft? dro ajia Toro, ^to6h en^e roiyCse norpjis- 
Hyzb vh THH^ H rpjiSH, 8axjre6HyT£es b% 6oJiOTHOft TpacHH'l h 
HaBcerxa pas^Hib jrhshb eo^e oahoA seHH^EHK. Hin^ ho eny 
HCByoaTB... Eny h^tl cnacemA Jiase b% cicepTH. CipamHO ymi- 
paxb. CTpamHo sarJsaHyTb sa axy poKOsyio nepiy, OTA^jiflio^yH) 
eyiAecTBOBaHie seuHoe otb hhofo, HeBiAOvaro. 

3a nocjiiAHee BpeMa crpaxi CMepiH Bospocb y BHRiopa so 
cieneHH 6oJBii8H6HHaro yacaca. BcaKoe, A^use JierRoe HeAomoraHie 
noBeprajiio ero bi yHKHie, rpaeH^UBmee cb nepBHiurb pascTpoft- 
CTBom, H npiirjiamaeMOMy Bpa^y ctohjio neiiaHUxi ULOuorh ycno*- 
KOHTB H 060APHTB ero. Bi> HaHiflmet npocTyA^ owb BHA^JTb 
opHBHaRH cepBesHOft 6ojri3HH; eny nyAHJiocB to Bocnajienle Jier- 
KHXB, TO m^y TO CTpaAaale no^eRi. Ogtb isibjaie nacH nocs^- 
majTB Ha yraAUBaHle, otb RaROfl CojrbsHH yMpexi; pimanB HHorAa, 
HTo norHeHen orB naxoTRH, APy^A P&^9 ^^ ciiepTB hbhtch bi* 
BHA'6 paRa B'B sejG[yARi. Ho 6oajLCA owb He diepTHuxB CTpa- 
Aasit, a MorHJiu. CTpaAam^ ottofo h HpeACTaBJuuniCB crpamHUMH, 

HTO sa HHMH CTOflJI'B npHSpBRB CliepTH, SOJOAHUft, HeyiCOJIHlOlft . 

BHRTopi yABBjfjiJicfl xenepB na to, ^to en^e He xaRi a^bho ohi 
MeHTaJK'B CBcepTH, RaRi ofiii OTpaA^, RaRB noRoi n HCRynjienlH..* 
MesAy TiiTB, jrhbbb nuia cbohmi nepeAOMB. Tojiebro Bhrtop'b 
6wn> OTroposoHi otb nea tohho CTisoft. OffB saSBUHB rposi 
Heyposafl, HaABiiraBmeflcfl cb ocohh. Ohi HHRyAa ne BU'bssajrB, 
piARO BUxoAHJDLi H8i> ROMHaTU H, ROFAa BBixoAHJH, CTapajicH yAa- 
juiTBca orB JiioAeft h he ci r'Im'b ho saroBapHBaji'B. OoiBra xoace 
He saroBapHBajta cb bbmi neypomai, 6oflCB TpeBOSHTB MyjRa 
hobumh 3a6oTaMH. 

OAHaRo, nocjii naM^THaro pasroBopa cb senoft, Bhrtop'b RaKB 
6yAT0 oHHyjiCH. Ofli CTajn bikoahtb h HHTepecoBaTBCfl ORpy- 
zato^HMi* JifiR Hepesi ABa ohi> saroiaHyji'B Aft^se na RyxHio, 
poBucRHBafl pa6oTHHRa, H K% yAHBJseHiJK) CBoeicy, sacrajiii xeny 
rB oCn^ecTB^ RaRHXB-TO noAOspHTejiBHHX'B o6opBaHi^eBB. Ojibra 
^Aina B'B RpacHOiTB yrjsy na juaBRi h, noAyBaa na 6jiK)Ae^R0, 
BfiHHaTejiBHO m cocpeAOTo^eHHo noHJia hsi cbohxb pyRi nesna- 
KOMaro icajiBHHRa Jiirb mecTH^ c:b CTpanmaHi, ne pyccRHin> joi- 
^ou^. HcxyAajiBifl h, bhahmo, oaa6mift pe6eH0R'B suiaho rjioiaJTB 
renjiuft naft, xpycTfl na 6'&jd[bix'b, rp^hrhxi 8y6axi RycoHRavH 



144 P7CGK0E BOrATGTBO. 

caxapa h Bce emie hbaob'&phhbo HcaoAJio6BH BsrjuflAi'Bajrb nep- 
HHMH rjiasKaini Ha 6apfi[HK). 

— Hy, nocToft, a Te6t emfl najiBio,— roBopHJia OjiBra, nepe- 
Aasaa naniBy Ryxapirb MaJiaHB*!. 

— XjtIG'b AAft)— He "pjccBJuwb BtiroBopoifb npoHSHeci Man- 

HHR!L. 

— J(aM'b, }[flwb^ noroAH! GnaHaJia BcetaRH oTorpMcir. 

— ^TO, MajraHBfl, cKopo nocn%en» 6yjibOHT»? 

— Ceflqac^, cyAapHHa, cJiHsaTb Cy^y. 

no ApyryH) CTopoHy CTOOia cek^jie h Toaceimjin ^^A hsi rpy- 
6uxi» ch sejueHUMff vB^nwa nameirb ABoe Bspocjruxi*, HecoMHiflDso 
TaTapcRaro npoHcxoHAeHln, uyssmuBA hl seHn^HHa. My:RTOaa, ci 
coBepmeHHO xejrrHBTB EcxyAaBmnirb jthi^oki h nmpoRO pascTae- 
jieHHHMH yseHbRHifH rjiasaicH, c^ caHosaCBenieBrB xjteCajTB iisi 
6jiK)Ae^Ra ropjiqifl, AHMiiii^i&cfl ^afl, rpoHRO npHHiioRHBaH ry- 
6aiffH. ^epHorjiasaH, en^e MOJioAafl, ho ctpamHO HcfOEqeHHafl sen- 
n^HHa TO OTAasajiacb qaemiiio cb loft ace asaAHOCTbio, tto h 

COC^A'B afl, TO TpeBOSHO H J[[H)60BH0 BSFJUIAHBaJia Ha pe60HRa« 

— Hy, BOTB, — roBopHjra OjiBra, — CTasB, Majianwi, na ctojh, 
Aa noAaft i£Bi OTA^^JUBHyio tapeJiRy botb ajui aToft hth'Irh. 

BspocJiHe rocTH, CpocHBi "laft, JKaAHO naRHHyjiHCB Ha Rpinslft 
n ropHHlft fiyjiBOH'B, nHxaa wb porB orpoHHBie RycKH xjrbCa. Jljaze 
TaTapRa yjRe ho b'b CHJiaxi 6BiJia o6pan^aTB sHHicame Ha cuHa... 
A OjiBra ocTopo^Ho RopuHJia najBTB^HRa cb AepeBHHHoft jiossh, 
iFepnijiHBO CAepHHBaa ero roJotoAHyio acaAHOCTB. 

Bbrtop'b Bomejii vh RyxHio h npHdJiHSHJUcfl r^ CTOJiy. 

— ^TO 8T0 Sa JOOAH? — CnpOCHJTB OHl, 6eBC03HaTeJIBHO XMypii 

JI061. 

— Ilpoxokie... rojiOAHH o^ohb, — thxohbro h RaRi 6yAT0 po- 
6fbs[j oTBi^THJia OjiBra. 

TarapHHi CpocHJii HeAOB^p^HBuft h TpeaoxHuft bsfjua'b aa 
8Toro xvyparo 6apHHa h CTajiB en^e ToponJiHB'le xjieSaTB 6yjiB0H*B, 
RaRB 6yAT0 6oacb, ^to y Hero OTUMyT'b. Ho hotoitb coo^paxenie 

BSflJUO Bepx^ HaA'B HHCT0-SHB0THUM1» ^yBCTBOMB. OhX HOJIOXHJTB 

jiosRy, BCTajii H noRJiOHHJica, a sa hhitb Tose noBTopHJia ta- 
TapRa. 

— 31 RaaancRa ryfiapHH, — TBepAHirB BBiroBopoMB CRasajTB oh^^. 

— CaAHTecB, caAHiecB, iniBTe, — ^yBCtBya nepBHoe coApora- 
Hle, CRasaJi^B Bhrtopi. — RyAa npoCHpaerecB? 

TaTapHH'B nonpoGoBaji'B ochjihtb acaAHOCTB h yAep^RaxBCfl otb 
%AU, HO He BBiTepni^Ji'b h cnona naRHHyjica na SyjiBon^, lopo- 

HHCB H 06KHraHCB. 

— A TAi Ao6pH jiioAH xjiidBia aW^-- 

— A ^TO xe y BacB, bhaho, hjoxo? 

— y HacB? y naci, CapiiHi xopomift, cb roJiOAy AOxnyrB. 
HapoAi AOXHarB, RaRi» co6aRa. Y Hacx, 6apBiH*B, cicaprB npu- 



PAcnjiiTA. 145 

man... 8HMa npmnejTB, — niraBaTB 6jffiWb; secHa npiimeorb,— 
BompaTb 6yv3in«.. 

— MHJmft,— THXOHBKo cKasam iiysy OjiBra, — tbi ne SHaiii: 

^TO-TO BApyrb 6yAT0 ysapHJio bi cepsi^e BiiKiopa; so^^ 
OTynaHeHHHft yiTB ero CTajrb npoacHJiTBca. 

— nociymaft,— nporoBopEJTbOffb, Ran 6ii npHnoHHHaA tto- 
To,— pasBi y Hacb... a hto-to npHDOHEHaio Tenep&... 

Oea noHJijffa, o hohi ohi enpamnBaerB h KaK:b*TO q)a8y ao- 
raxaiacB, hto CRpuBaiB He HyxHO. 

— FoJEOs'b, Bhta! noBceuicTHHft, CTpamHuft, ysacHut ro- 
jioffii; BO BceiTb pasrapi^. 

Banopi BCKO^HJTb co ciyjia) na ROToput npHC&i'b 6usiOy n 
nomejii rtb ABepaui. Ho hotoitb ouatb BepHyjicH, noBHHyjicB 
KaROMy-To HenoHaTHOxy OHy, aRryqeicy h doJilsHeHHOuy nyscTBy. 

— BeacoBicTHaa,— CRasaJTB oh%, ^yBciBya, too ri» ropjiy 
HTo-TO noACTynaerB, — n in MOJnaaa, mhI h6 CRasaJia as^bho! 

Owb fiHCTpo BumejTb h aojito, CHAfl Bi RaOHHerty He Mon 
coo6pa3HTB, HTO xo^&Tb A:6jiaTB^H ?T0 HBAO A^^TB. Ohb BejrijTB 
noBBaTB Hfiana IleTpoBH^a, ho lOT^acB se nosaCujrB o6'b d^owb. 

— FocnOAHl H dTOTB HaJIBHOHRa CB TOpHUlCH IJCaSRaMH, CROJIBRO 

pasib OHi, APJURHO 6htb, npocHJi'B Bce: Mamca, jjA6vfik.». H rjia- 
seHRH HepHue... crootbro eo^e... H RaRB-se 9to ohb 8a6turB. BiA^ 
en^e TorAa bb coCpanlH ohb roBopnJKB h BOjmoBaJicfl... 

Ohb bcso^hjtb h ohatb cb jiHxopsg^o^HO-SoiecTiBniHMii rjia- 
saini B6ibjRajrB bb RyxHK)« 

— He BunycRaiB hzb, — BBBOjmoBaHHp-roponjniBo menTajnb 
OHB OjiBrfi,yRa8BiBafl na laiapB.— HaRopxH, OAexB fjaA h AenerB... 
nycTB TyTB snByn, noM^n^eme y nacB octb... Fochoah! MajiB- 

HERB-TO, MaJUB^HRB... 

— MHJDUft MOft, — OTB^THJia OjIBra,— HySHO CHOROflHie... RasR- 

AUft AeHB npHXOAflTB..* Ho bosmojrhocth hu noMoraeirb. 
Owb BHesaDHO BcniixHyjrB h bosbuchjib rojioci. 

— Ho BosifoaHOCTH! TOO sna^HTB <no bobmojrhocth^, too ana- 
^HTB— CHORollHie! Bee naAO OTAaTB... 

H OOHTB, BCHOBiHHB'B HTO-TO, OHB BtlHieJZB, HdAkS'B y COSfl 

nojiymyCoRi h nomejTB co ABopa rb cejiy. Ho bb cauiaxB Bopo- 
TaxB oHflTB p%8R0 ocTaHOBHJicfl. J RajiHTRH, Ha saneceHHoft CHi- 
roiTB jiaBo^Ri, CHA'^Jna HevojioAaH senn^Ha cb nycTuifB ifi^m- 
ROiTB, BHci^BnaniB lepesB hjioho. Ona Gujia CTpamHO xjAa h hcto- 
H](eHa; rjiasa rjLsjsjbjm 6e3a:H3HeHH0, cb Tyuoio horophoctbh). 

Cb HenoHHTHOK) eicy eaMony Tpeaoroft h hotoh osjiofijieHleirB 
cxBaTHJTB ee Bhrtopb sa njie^o. 

— Kto TBI, TOro 1064 naAo? 

Ona Tyno norjiHAljia na nero h MOAJieHHO noAHflJiacB. 

— Ho RyCOHRH, pOAHMHft, XOXy, no RyCOHRH... 

^ 4. OTA*a» I. • 10 



146 P70GK0E BOrATCtBO. 

— no Basie rjcohkh? 

'— A XpHCia-panH c6HpaK)«.. JIjiTemui notcn npocfln, a 
noicTB He^ero. 7 Hac&-io hhkto yjrb ho noxacn... CSi yrpa 
xoxy, BOHi TOJiBEO KpaiomeHRy Hac(5Hpajia... 01, HOseHua He 
Hecyn; CHJiyniRH H^n Moeft... 

— Th hm? 

— £[*T0? a a Kojio6aHOBCRafl. KojioCaHOBCsafl a, 6apHHi... 
R'B 6apiiH% a nua; OHa, Caion, saJiocTjniBafl, xa, Bon, npno- 

XHJiaCB SOJIBHO. 

— H HSRio, roBopsniB, He noxaen? 

— y Bcixi Hoxonuio, poAHHuft. Ha Casapi-io xjiifiyniBO no 
P76JDO no ceHH rpHBeHE... 

BHKTOpi OHHTB SaKHH&Il KaROK>-TO SJIOfioft. 

— ]ij^^ — Rpj^yjTE offb, — Hero xe ycljDacB?... H^h bi igrxmo, 
ny, HjH, hxhL. 

Om Taici RpHHajTE, hto semiitHHa nepenyraucB h zortia 
yxoxBTB npoHB ci ycaxB^H, ho owb czBaisn ee sa pyRaBi bot- 
xaro nojiymyCRa h noTan(Hjrb vh RyxHi. 

— Bon Te6% en^e,— Topomqpo roBopmii owb Onrl, Bxoxfl 
vb Ryxmo,— HaRopn ceftnacB-se, jijA xenerb, xft c% co6oft iiyRH* 
Qna roBopBTb, x^th y nes... 

OjDtBra cb TpoBoroft CHorp^a Ha ero nopuBiciufl, nepBHHS 
XBHsenlji. Bi RyxHi npH ero no^BJieHiH BOXBopaJiacb RaRaa-io 
onacjoiBaa neaoBJCocTb. 

Ohi onaxb Bionen. 

— nocjiymaftie, HeaHi IleTpoBHTb,— CRaaan oob npnnw- 
rneny vh Ra6HHeTL ynpaBJunon^eMy, — hto se ero xaRoe x^^nercH 
y nacb? 

— ?T0 npHRasere?— ci xoctohhctboitl cnpoourb Heaffb 
neipoBHHi, yxHBJieHHO rjuixa na BSBOinoBaHHaro xosHnna. 

— Aa, B-lx^y napoxi^ rojioxaen... 

— BoSbH BOJEfl-Cb. 

— ^a HH TO Hero cnxmrb? A bh emfi cnparnHBaxH, npoxar 
BaTb-jn xjri&b. Mhofo y naci xjii6a? 

— IIpoxaTb-TO HHHero ne npoxara. 

— H ne npoAaeaftre: hh sepna! 

— Cjiymaio-ci. K% juiiy, rohohho, JiyHme k^^ en^e noxu* 
jceiCH. 

— RaRafl qina! Pasxaib Bce, cjtuniBTe, Bce paaxaBaTb fj^ 
poiTb, Ao nocjiixHHro sepmraiRa! 

HBaH'b nerpoBHTb cepxHTO BCRHHyorb njieHaMS. 

— Oxbra AjueRcieBHa h to yarb hto pasxaJia. dxaRi, Bhk- 
Topi EropHTb, HHRaRi neBOSKoaRHo-cb... Ecn TaRi— 

Ho OHb BHesanHO ocTanoBHXcfl. FoEaBa xosflHna CTpanno CBop- 
RaxH. Jlnno ncRasHJiocb. TaRHiii ynpaBxaio^ift HHRorxa enie ne 
BHX^xi BaRyxoBa. 



PACniATA. 147 

— Bee pasAaiBl — Kprayn offb, Jffipw i^JEaKon no cnxj. 

— GjnnnEie! 



xn. 

Owb MeTajicfl> BCRajTE nero-To h h6 mofb npHnoHHHTB, ^ero 
HMeHHO. Eiiy Haxo 6hLK0 hto-to cxiian, hio-to ocimcjiETb, ho 
rojiOBa 6HJD[a TyMaHHa, mucjih nyiajracb. Jifi, BcnoHHHajrb owb^ — 
rojiox'B, Bi Hapoxi rojioff&; Haso KopMEib. Bohil, Ojnbra Ropiran... 
Ho, wbrhj aro ho to, bto bob ho to. Fojioai Rpyron, rojiOAi 
wb cejrl, TMOKb Bi y^A^, bi rf6epHlH... 

H owh ODflTB TopoQjQiBo Bfiimejirb Mz% AOHy. Ero pacTepaH- 
HOCTb H BOsCysxeHie H^ROJUbRO yifeHBiinuiHCB, ho ho hc^bsjih. 
TyicaHi npoxojURajTb en^e nanojiHATB ero rojiosy. GrpaHHinrb, 
cHyxmor&y noKaaaxcfl OHb Hapo;^, cotfpaBmeHycfl no ero pacno- 
paaceHlio vh xoitb crapocru. BHsropi chx^jtb b% KpacHOirb yroiy 
ma6hi, onjcmwb rojroBy, hto-to Ayvaa n ne saiii^afly Hid ni- 
jraercfl Bpyrom Hero, bto bto npHmejTb h sa^n npHmejTB. 
Mucjih 6isajai, otphbohhua, 66dCBfl8HiiH. Ha6%rajiH nocTopoH- 
Hky uycTUfl, HBHysHBfl coofipaxenifl, BOcnoHHHaHiJi, ho CRsosb 
KTJiy BTHxi micjieft npoCHBajiacB oahb ynopHaa, My^HTenHaa^ 
soTopot owh emfi ne mofb ochjoitb h ROTopaa ero Hy^HJia, 

A RpyroiTL 6wm cocpexoTOHeHHUH, nonn yrpioHHfl jonta, 
^BHHMarejiBHO paBcuaTpHBaBmlH ero vb 0SHAaHiH,^T0 OHbcsasen. 
Hsx-sa neperopoARH BiirjiflsuBaJia xyxaa seH^HHa; Tpexjr&THHfl 
A^BOHRa JsajiacB Kb neft h CTapaaiacB cnpaTaTBCfl vb qa capa- 
^anl, jnoConuTHO BucicaTpHBafl, OAHaRO, CjcecTan^HiiH rjcaBRam 
uvb uoKb ea pyRH. Gi> hohh Tose rju;^^ abI napti ojrhbibh- 
Esrb rjnasoRi, a orojio pe6flTi» BHXHiiacB speBUOB, CTapyxa, mm 

CTapOCTU. 

— ^a,— AyMajrb Bhrtopi, — icajiBHHR'b, senn^HHa... Bce bto 
roJiOAHue, 08fl6nile... ^a,— BcnoKHHJi'b oh%, ^nx) zoT&rb CRBBaTB, 
H orjUHyjicH Ha Tojmy. 

— SApaBCTByfiTe, — npoHSHeci owb BCJiyxi, — ^ro y Bact lyrb... 
rojiOAaerb napoAi^? 

Bi TOJini sameBejiHJQicB. IIocjiuniajiocB cpasy HicROJiBRo ro* 

JSOCOB'B. 

— BiAa* npHnua, CaTiomRa, BnRTopi EropuvB! Xa%6yniRa 
H^TB. no6HpaTBCH AOBeaocB... hohI icyRa-TO na Sasapi RycaeTca...* 
xouiB, He xoniB, hjibth pyCi comb rpHBenB... A MyiHHRH, SaiorB, 
en^e xotati noAHATB... 

PacrajuRHBaa TOJiny aoRTfliiH, npoCpancfl BnepeAi totb caioit 
AHAfl Casejiift, Boxopuft TaRi yirijiB roBopHTB cb rocnoAauH. 

— A Btl HHRDIHH, — CTpOFO OCpaTHJECfl OHB RB MySHRaiTB. 

— ?ero sarajTA^JSH? Kojh esejiH ero BucoBopoAle hbbojshtb cb 

10* 



148 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

HaHH, cb AjpaRaMH, pasroBapnaTB, tu'b bh He nuuiH... Bon^ 
nocTOft R CKasy... 

— Hy, roBopH, hto-jib... 

^flAH GaBejdft nocMorptob BBepx'B, norjiaAHjrb sjopoBefiHoft, 
ysjioBaroft pysoft ds&on^io 6opoAy h, BssoxHyBi, Ha^ajii cjraA* 
HafimBHi rojiocoiTb h HapacniB'L: 

— Oaho cjiobo, 6aTH)niRa, same BHCOKopoxIe, passopeHie 
name npHmjuo. IIoMiipaerb npaBocJiaBHuft HapoAi... 

BHBiopi en^e pasi ORHHyjTB TOJiay BsrjiiixoirB. y bc^x'b 
mi^a 6ujn[ xy^uff Cb seHJucTUMi orriHROinb, a roiasa ruffkni 
He c!b o6u^mfiiM% AoCpoAymieirb, a cypoBO h TopsecTBenno. H 
TO, Kas^ CKasajin GaBejuiK) croBopH hto-jib> H6 Cujio noxose 
Ha oCinHoe myTJiRBoe h cjierRa nacictnuiXBoe corjiacie, cb ko- 
yTopiuTb BHnycRajiH oCuKHOBeHHO BnepeA^ jryicaBaro icysH^OHRy. 
H caMi fiflffi. GaBejoift yace He p^majicfl, Kaici Bcei7(a, oneHB-To 

RpHHaTB, HipaH CBOK) ABOftHyiO pOJIB — Ha^aJIBHHRa HaAi» Tojmoft 

H noRopEaro cjiyra fiapHHa. Ohi A^ajii 9T0 yicipeHHO, CojiLnie 
no npBBUHRi Ri HJiyTOBCTBy, H xopomo aoHHMajn>, ^to lenep^ 
HejiLsa nepexoAHTB BSBicTHOft rpaHsipi. 

— Xjiii6x-T0 noRynaere?— cnpocHJa Bhktop^. 

— 3Bal— nocjisrmajiocB bi OTBin, — cb caMaro jrlia noRy* 
naem. Kynnjio-To npHrynHJiocB. 

— Mh, 6aTioniRa, Bame BUCORopoAie, — BCTaBEJUi GaBejdt,— ^ 
saBcerAa HanajacTBOiCB aobojibhh, a ^to Racaerca juii6yniRa... 

— Hy, saMOJioJi'B, — nocjiumajioeB hs-b TOjmu, h a^h Ga- 
Bejuift TonacB yuojiKb. 

— TeiRa Mapea,— CRasaJTB bucorIA c^aoA crapHRi JlapHBo- 
Wbsvh, — noRasB 6apHHy Ham'B XJA6^. 

GioflBmaji sa neperopoAROft seHnQiHa OTBepnyjiacB Kb no^ 
ctaBiQr H, BuftAH H&i-sa neperopoARH, icooraa hojiojebjui nepeA'B 
BflRTopoMi RycoRi HepcTBaro xjiib6a. 3to Cuoia ^epnaa cb se- 
jneHBK) Macca, HOdApeBatafl, b'b 6ojiiBnuixi» RpynHHRaxi, HSAaaaB- 
man CReepHuft sanaxi. 

BHRTOpi BonpocHiejiBHO HorjiHA^Ji^ Ha RpecTBaHEHa. 

— HeyjKTO 3T0... am *ah? 

— A TO Hirb? n dTOMy paAib 6yAemB... Y nacx, 6apHHi^ 
6pK)xo-To MysHQRoe, He rocHOACRoe. Sooni HeneFO icTB, h dTon 
coMHeniB..* 

— Axby HapoA^Bl— BSAOXHyjTB GaaeJiift. — Hemro mosho dtavb 

Qb tfapHHOlTB. 

Ho Ha Hero ne odpanuiH BHHMaHiir. 

— JI|a Bu 6u ynpaBy npocHJiH, hto-jih* 

— TaiTB, cjoimB, SHaiorb! Koiocren RaRoft-TO, 6aKjni, ycTpaH- 

BaiOTl. 

JlHita HeMHoro oshbhjihcb; RpecTBflne A^ajmcB cjiobooxot- 



PACIUATA. 149 

— Banomro, BiKTopi EropuTb, lu 6h 8a Haci nouono-^ 
TU^L... Abb, cyxapB, OosecKyio lorjrocrb... 

Hn-sa neperopoxKH Bsnuia sasa cvapacm h ynasa Bhr- 

TOpy Vb H(HV. 

— EopHHJiem ni HanrBy — saroBopiuia ona,— noacajiM xi- 
Teft Majoai; He ocTasB, poffumft, noxjtono'm sa j6oTBXb... 

— BOTB HTO, — CKaSaJTb BEKTOpi, nOXHHKaaCb Cb JiaBKH, — 

s isj B'b ropoff:b; paayBHaio xani, hto h BaKb. 

Be TOJin% oiuiTb saroBopBura wb paaoitL, yse co^BCTBeHHO 

H OaOIBJieHHO. 

— A &j — npoxojUKaJTb BaKTopiV bbhobbto yjoiCaacb, — h ho 
imaitb, HTO y Baci> ao Toro ^^onuio. 

— TaKoe jijo... 

— Fffi-arb BBHi 3HaTB... 

— HsB^THO, Bame x&io rocnoxcBoe... 

Jififfl GaBejdt nosuiJirb, hto eiiy tenepb ho3cho cnaacHHHaxb, 
H Tonaci npHHflJi'b rposHuft bb^^. 

— ?ero rjioTRH xepeie? He myniTb, rojih rocnoABHi pasro- 
Bopu BBAerB... BaTiomRa, — ^tyiB ho co cJiesaifH oCpaTHOicfl ohi 
wh BiiBTopy,— ](a Himio se ui He noHHicaeirb, hto ho fochoa- 
cxoe 310 A^Jio namy mjsrhlukjv) nyxAy pa36HpaTB... 

— IIocjiymaflTe, — npoAOJDusajnb Bhktop'b, — bu 6h saHfljuH 
y Koro HH6yAb na npHroBopi, xjrtCon. 

— He BipflTB CojiBme, — yrpioMO OTBiiKJirb JlapHBOHu^i, h 
vb TOJtni Ha MHHyry BOi^kpHJUocB Tflrocraoe ifOJi^oHie. 

— BsAopi, — BOCKJiHRHyjii Bmciop'B, — W^XSTb. H BHAan 

BOpyVTe JlbCTBO . 

OoflTB BOitapHJiocb MOJiHanie. JD^ah GaBeodft marHyjrb bhb- 
peA^, cocTpoHJi'b yMHJieHHoe joasfi n Ha^an cJiaASHirb rojEOCpicB: 

— Bame BHcoRopoAie; bh naniH oti^u... 

HicROJibKo rojiocoBi pasoiTb h cypoBo ocaAHJm ero, h ohi, 
Po6ro orjuiHyBHiHCB, yiiOJiRB. 

BnepeAib BUCTynHjrb JOLapHBOHEi^ik. 

— Ha dTOiTb Te6%, BHRiopi EropuTb, on Mipa homohi. 
He ocraBb. 

— CocTaBbie cHHCORi. Hopy^HxejibCTBO AcuTb xoTb ceroAHH se. 

— BjiaroAapHirb^ Bhrtop^e EropuHi, — npoAOJisajrb cia- 
pHRi.— Ho CROJibRy npHRaxems Ha AJiny? 

BHRTopi) HeifHoro saAyicajiCjaL. 

— BoTi Hio. nsniH CTOJibRO, HTo6u xBaTHio nepeHecTH 
I^Ay. He noMHpaTb se. 

CrapHR^b KOJraa n hhbro noRJiOHiuicfl. Bb lOJini ne cRaaajiH 
iH cjiOBa H TOJibRo H^ROJibRo pyRi HOAHflJiocb A^ui RpecTa. 
"^"se CaBBJiift H TOTb npoMOJi^aJTb. 

— y HeHA, — JiyitdJlb BHRTOpii, — H CBOfl XS.i6b eCTb, AA OHl 

./seHi Ha HHoe. 



150 P7GCK0B BOrATCIBO. 

HeMHoro cnycra, owb izan no HanpaueniH) ki ropoxy h 
Bce fyu^JTb B&Kh liM'b, Hio pacKpiu[OC& nepeffB HH^b. Ho ve- 
nepB imcjm ero 6wm Acmi, onpex&iOHHH. HHKasHX'L coMH^tedt, 

EH KOJI66aHlft He 6UJ[0. Osh SHaJOLl, TTO HaXO ffijiaTb H HTO OHl 

H 8T0 cosHame iota 6u 6jiHxaftimn maroBi yxe bhochjio 
HiBOTopyK) flCHOCTB Bi OFO HacTpooHle. KaKib 5ysio TOMHafl Ty?a« 
HexaBHO saKpHBinaH boo ero shbhb,— Tenep& cxBEHyjiacB oxHHirb 
KpaeiTb H OTKpHJia RycoKi cHEUiro H66a. 



xin. 

Eorfta BHBTop'b nplixainb jsb ACaaoBmii, JleoHHxi^ bsjuts ero 
8a o&b pysH h fpjiTO npHrjUAHBaJicji kb HOHy. 

— BoTb T£i ceroAHJi onflTb noxosi Ha ^rejioBiBa, — CKasasi 
owh paxocTHO. — %o y Tefia cJiyHHJiocL HOBaro? 

— Aa HTO, — Sa^QTMHHBO OTBiTEJTb BSKTOpi, — AlCepHRy A 

oixpHjrb. 

— Hy? KaRyK) ace? 

— roJDioj(i», 6parb, y nacB. 

— ^a ysi HHeHHo AnepHKa. Th npocnaJTb noJUB-SHHu; ui 
yse x^BHO BHaeiTb npo ary AicepHsy. 

— TaKB ^TO se xijraTB-TO? 

— ^a BOffB, dOMCTBo co6Hpaj[ocB H en^e coCeperca. IIoMHHniB 
BaBUOBa: cpaneHBRo-CB, rocnoAal FpoiTB He rpiiHerB, nysHB'B 
He nepeRpecTHTCfli. Hy, lenepB yse ne pane. FpoirB rpaHfJiB 
H Bcb Ha'iHHaiorB Toponnao RpecnTBca: cociaBJUiioTCfl romv- 

lem, HHHOBHHRH BUHHiaEOTB y COCe HSB SaJIOBaHBH... 

— 9to Bce He to. Haxo en^e hto-to xpfo^i~<^i^^^^^ ^^* 
Top:B. OffB nocHA^^ nesojiro n saiiiiB ornpaBEJicfl rb npesBO- 
XHTeooo. 

y RyRypHHa bhhthjoi Ha wjTb crojiarB. Epa bxoa'I BaRy- 

aOBa, XOBEHHBy paCRHHyB-B ROJIOXy OROJIO CBOeft BaOHCHy nOXHHJICJl 

CO CTyjia: 

— Hy, xenepB^ rocnoxa, BHHBeiTB boxo^rh. — A, Bhrtopb 
Eropu^Bl OieHB paxB, RaRHicB ero BiipoicB sanecjio p^XKaro 
rocia? 

— y MOHfl RB BaMB X^O, — CRaSaJHB BHRTOpB, HOXXOXfl RB 

HeEy. — CRaacHTe, nosaj^cxa, vso emfi EEfterca bb BExy oiso- 
cEiejiBHO noMonpi rojuoxaian^EM'B... 

JlEEEHGRift, dOflBnnt CB pioHRofl vb ^jvk TyiB se, rpoERO 

H BEyniETeJIBHO SaEiTEJTB Ha 8TE CJIOBa: 

— € FO JOXaK)mHX!B > H^TB. 

— RaKB HiTB? — BOCRJiERsyxB BERTopB. — Th OTRyxa npi- 
izan, c:b jyEH hto-jib? 



PACIUATiu 151 

•— HiieHHO Bin, — noBTopHJTL xaKxe BHymarejiBHO jKedeh- 
ckU, h orjiflHyjDCfl, too6h besItb, Kasoe snenaTJiiHie npoHSBO- 
jlfln ero cjioBa. 

— ECXB ByXfjB^ HO He TOMSb. 

n OKb onpoKHHyjTb piaMKy hi pon. 
Bnciopi HeAoyiribiaion^e fjiha^^ Ha nero. 

— 9to em/d hto laicoe? 

JbmHHCKift nosonie]r& k% neicy cb BycEoifb copa wh pyRazi 
H jracROBo BdJUTB ero sa jiOBOib; 

— Eaqceicji, ero xu nplixajorb ci jrymi, ecjus He SHaeniB 
TaRixi npociuxi Bereft. Y nacB ctojilko oG'b eioirb TOJEKOBajra! 
H corjiacKCB cain>: ny, Kb neny rpyCuA cJiOBal «HeAopoA'B» — 
Bioro HOJiLSJi He npHsnaTB, ho troMKbi^... 

— Hy,— p^teKO OTBinuTb Bhetop'b, — HaauBaftre, Kasi xo- 
me. CnpanmBaeTCH, TOjm-io on eioro saKOft. fi^iuLO He mwbr 

HHTCfl! 

— Moft Apyn> Ha Bce nyseffb xasn. ,S^^o, kohohho, ho 

HSMiHKrCA, HO HBM^TCA CJIOBO... A pa8B% BTOFO MaSO? 

JiHHHHCBift HOAaBHO BepHyjiCH Hffb ry6epHCRaro ropoAE h 
X^ajTb bha:b, ^ao npHBesi orryAa pyKOBOAflH^ Ha'^ajia. 

Erpa uoBaicH €HeAopoAi», cnyxAa* h troJuoA'B^ KasajiacB 
eiiy ^%irB-TO Heo6uKHOB6HHO SHauieJiBHiiirb h owl crapajica 
noxasaTB, hto ohl, JLanHHCKift, ocB^AOiueHi ropasAO jny^me, 
^iwh OTCiaBHOft, onycTHBonftca crenepajTB*, EyBypHHi. 3to ho 
M&najio eMy, Bnpo^eirb, Gaib ohohb A^xej[BH&iir& OTHOcnTe:i[bHO 
lOMon^H «Hyag(aK>n](HHca», npHHHiiaT& y^aciie b'b KOMHieraxii, h 
BooCmfi oHi Ciui'L HOJiedeffB. 

— Hy, — npoAOJUKaji'b BHEiopi, — ofoacHH ate, hto Ham 

f^UOkTb Cb dIOft HyJKAOft. 

— JI^iJiaTL HaAO Bce^ no yRasyn. IlaiaHi npHHaAiiejKHrb 
ApyrHics, nairb— HcnojiHeHie. Ho rjiaBHoe— nysHO cnosotcTBie. 

BHKTop'b Ob HenaBHCTBH) Hocif oip'ljrb Ha caicoAOBOJiBHoe ssno 
JbniHHCRaro, thxo AonHBmaro CBofl nopiBeftHi h aicRypaTHO no- 
craBHBmaro pioiocy na ctoju. IIotomi, hto6u ne pascepAHTBCH 
OKOH^aiejiBHO, BaKyjDcoBi nonpo6oBajrb o6paTHTB a^jdco bi myrsy 
H, BdJWB JbrnHHCBaro sa 6opTfi[ ero HOBaro nsAsaKa, cjiersa 
BcrpHXByjTb CBoaBa. JlnnnHcidft ocioposHO, ho TBepAO OTCipa- 
HHJTB ero pyKH* 

— Moft MHJOlfty — CBasaJTB OHB HeBOBMyTHMO,— eCJIH HyjRHK'b 

xase H crQ][OAaorb»9 nHAsasi icoft bi btoitb hh icajio He bh- 
BOBeni. H BOo6n^e CRasy: 6^Hi&cfl no diOKy noBOAy ne na- 
zoxy Heo6xoAHiai]n». Mh, csysan^e, aojqshu js^ksMb a&io, ho 
HH^TO He HpeHflTCTByen nairb shtb, BaR^B mu jrhjih. 

— Jl^a jrhbh, h Tose ne npeHflicTByioI Tojibro leoe ojuiif- 

Ilit€X0e CHOROftCTBle BHBOAHTB MOHfl H8% Ce6a. JSf^epeBflHHUft TU 



152 pyOCXOS BOrATCTBO. 

Tro-jm? Use HpaBCTseHHuft sacTpan, Bexociyiraiit uHKauirb 

BOJIHeHijiKl^. 

— A onero mcb He 6uTb cnoKoftnuicL? — csasan JBLehiih- 
CKift, nosHMafl njie^aME. — Bon ^to a TeGi cxaacy, iioft usuaA: 
a TyrB hh b'b Hen ne BHHOBan k kb tomt se en^e ae 6u- 
Bajio, TFo6u PocciA Bca Bmcepaia on roxoxa. YnoBaiD, hto k 
lenepB ocTaneTCJi jsjim... j[^obojilho o6i droirb h coB^iyK) Te6% 
danoHHBTB: HyjRAa ecTby rojio^a H^n. Ilpflaai aro Kb cb^x^hIid 
AJifl saiBHiftuiaro... 

Bhrtop'b OTomejt^b on Hero h, neperoBopHB'B ch Kysypn- 
HUH'b OTHOCHTejiBHO sa^cjieHiH ce6fl wb ROHHTen, noixaiTb wh 
XojQiBi. Ohb noplmajTb, hto cb saBipamHiiro se aQA Ha^aen 
uonoTBi o6b ycipofiCTBi ctoioboA^ a ycrpoHBi nepByio cioao- 
ByH), Hawen plAcnrnpan ea OTxlJiema ho Bciirb HanpaBJieEdbDrb. 
Sanacu u%6a nofl^Qrn na aro a^o, a Tan mosho fiyxen 
npEKynHTb npEnacoBB e nira aroro saaan A^aerb, sanosETb 
^acn EMJ^aia. 2S>aj[iTB owb ae 6yAen anero. Oai» see c^fr- 
jiaen, hto6u ae Sbhib eesy^aciamcb sparejieirb aapoxaaro 
6%ACTBifl. 

BoApoe "lyBCTBo oxeaTUBajio BsKTopa no M%p% Toro, icasB 
oa'b yacaajTb ce6i Bce 6ojiiBme aCoJUbaie A&^niftnila cboe a^- 
CTBifl. Oai rjiaA&iB aa Teicao-caaee ae6o, no BOTopoxy iceAJieaao 
HJiujia aojuaaa Jiyaa, to saRyruBaflCb wh aa6iaRaBmee, JierBoe, 
RaRB coaaaa rpesa, o6jiaHRO, to csepRaa aa CHaeBi ae6a iiepT- 
BuiTB cB^TOiTb, E AyMajTB cHORoftayK) Ay^y* Bb caMOft TJij6wik 
ero cepAi^a, Tain>, rgk emfi aeAaaao phIsahjiocb oaho OT^aaaie, 
60JIB RaRB 6yAT0 caoJiRajiay saniaaacB caoRoftCTBieBTB. 3a6oTa a 
CesaoROflCTBo o6paniajiECB aa Apyi'oe. 

OaB cJisoiKO a RpiaRO sacayjiB bb aiy aou, aaRB yjse Auao 
ae cnajiB, ao npocayjuca cpeAE ao^a a cijuB aa nocrejra. H 
OAaoBpeaeaao ace npocayjiacB e OjiBra, craBmaa oco6eaao ^yT- 
Roft BB aia Tpeaosaue jAcajm. 

— Th too, Baia? — raonoToaB, 6oacB acnyraTB ero, cnpo- 
CEJia OjiBra. ^ 

Ohb noBepayjica rb aeft cb crpaaamrB BHpasealeMB jni^a 
a B^JTB ee sa pyaa. 

— OjiBra, — CRasajiB oaB cb aeaoaaTanEB eft BupaaReaieirB, — 
Ojw, Ojia.- 

Oaa po6RO rjiHAiJia aa aero, a oaB ace AepsaJiB ea pyRE, a 
CMOip'&JiB RyAa-TO BAaJiB, nosepxB ea tojiobu. Oaa cb yAEBJie- 
HieHB saM^iajia, too esb rjiaBB ero xoRyn cjiessL 

— %o TH, MajMft, TOX) Beth? — cnpamEBajia oaa cb Tpe- 
Borofi, cxapaacB npaacaiB ero rojiosy rb ce6i^. 

Owb onflTB OTRaayjicfl aa noAymRy a xoT^aci sacayjiB. 
Ojika en^e AOJuro rjiaA^Jia aa ero JiHno a hotomb aepeicpe- 
CTEJiacB cB paAOCTHUMB o6jierHeHieMB. Eft noRasaaocB, too aa 



FACIUUTA. 153 

aroiTb m09 so KOTopoMy/Rairb Boamu, npoxojiRjiH h TenepB 
<xbffi EaKHxi-To oiiQ^meHlft, HCHeaia BceraRH tslkl aojito ny* 
xaBmaa ee csaaffak lynoro oi^aflEU h 6e9Esg(esHOCTH. 



XIY. 

HaciynHJio to y^iBBTejiBHoe h tmj6obo noymenHoe Bpeua, 
BOTopoe BfiBHaieJiBHOiiy Bsopy Horjto pas'BHCHBTB MHoroe. Mici- 
fiocTHy nopaseHHUfl 6lACTBieicb rojioxa, up^ct9Bs^mch nypa- 
BefiHHKOirb, passopeHHHKi HBeft-TO EsacTHoft pyKoft. EaRB Kb 
TaKOMi» uypaBOftHHRi, laKL h bi rojiOAaion^azi ry66pHlflX'b sa- 
irtTHO 6iiJio neofimaftHoe xPOseHiey fieaaoROftCTBO, ycHJiraHaa 
pa6oTa. Ho wb MypaB6ftHHR% diraerb, cyeiHTCA, zjionoieirb BOCb 
HapoAB^— BB JiioxcROH'B vypaBeftHHR^ cyexHJiacB jmnib "lacTb My- 
paBbeBi-JuoAott. HiieHHO rk, ROTopuxB RocnyjiacB 6ixft9 ho 
cyoTEJiHCB, He xjionoiajiH, a see npHHHicajiH ci uojiHajoiBoft 
iioRopHOCTBK) cjfjbtSA. GyeTHjiHCBy H GiraoH^ H xjtonoiaJiH it, 
Roro 6iAa ROcnyjiacB jibiiib onactH, 0Tpa«eBieirb. 

n, RaRB BB passopeHHOifB MypaBeftHBR^ MypaBBH 6iraK)TB, 
cyexflTCA, RBsasocB 6N, 6e8B i^jih h cicuciia, — TaRB, na nap- 
Buft BarjuiA'^, neocMucjieHHO cyeiojiHCB y nacB bb rb nanATHue 
AHH. MypaBOft, ocjih nparjuwiiBca rb neMy, fiisHTB nso BcixB 
CHJiB, AoxoABTB ffl ROHiia coioMeHRH, noBopaiEBaeiB HasaffB, 
XBaxaerB nepBoe nonaBmeecfl sepHO, GpocaeiB ero, RHAaerca bb 
cTopoHy, AOXOAHTB fto jiejRaii](aro jiECTHRa, noBopa^BBaeiB ooatb 
mBagh. H xpyroft, h ipeiift, bcA Ryxa-io h sa^uB-xo ca'iiiiaTB, 
HHiero He AOA^^JOiBaiorb, BesBpan^aioxcfl HasaA*^ cb vbwhj ^xo6h 
CHOBa 6%saTB bb hhohb nanpaBJieHlH. To^o xaRace 6pocajiHCB, 
iaAmiH, HTO-xo ocMaxpHBajm, o nexB-xo xAonoTam cjiysaiqie 
no seiccxBy, ^hhobhbrh, ^enu ROMHxexoBB, BpaHH h noniiipncH. 
2, BM^xi Cb HHHH, myM&Dta, RpHHajia, cepAHJiacB na Roro-xo h 
sa ixo*xo npecca, oacHBJueHHafl, HH^ero, Rasanocb Su, ne npoHs- 
BOAHBmaH, Rpoiri myva. ^hhrhhb, uiewb BacHjfbeBCROft sen- 
CROft ynpaBJEJ, yjBO bb jifiCAToA pasB ixajiB no nopyneHiio ynpaBU 
BB ciBepnyio nacxb ylsAa, Hexajicfl; He xsLnin HSHypeHHUXB 
MaiioRopMJieHHuxB BB dxoHB FOAy seMCRHXB jiomaAeft, no AopeB- 
HflMB, o6xoAHJ[B ABopu, ocMaxpHBajiB aM6apH, HXO-XO sanHCH- 
BajiB, BUHHCJuuiB H, nepeHO^OBaBB BB cejii KoJi6aHOBt, BosBpa- 
qajiica BB ropoA'b cb x^hb, ?xo6u ^epesB aohb onaxB %xaxb bb 
ApyriH AepeBHH n onjixb hxo-xo ocvaxpHBaxb, npoBipaxB, aanncH- 
Baxb. y^dAHaro Bpana nocujiajiH 6yMaraMH hsb ry6epHiH, xo 
xyAa, xo cK)Aa h Bce aax^MB ae, hxo6h hxo-xo BHAixb, ocmo- 
xpixb, HCMB-xo AOHecxH. ^jieHH ry6epHCK0ft ynpaBH, a sa 
HHHH n caBiB npeAciAaxeJiB npoixajiHCb no bc^mb yisAairb h 
70X6 ^xoxo ocMaxpHBajiH B sanHCUBajnai. Uojims^ He naxoAHJia 



154 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

ce6i AHfl cnosoflHaro cyn^ecTBOBaHia h Boaecua no yisxairb^ 
KasftJuocB, He SHaa saniirb bto Hano. SeiicBie Ha^UBEHRH, npex- 
BOAHTeJiis BpaHH^ uem Komrren, bc% cyerajracB, ftsjiRjifl, co6k* 
pajoiCB Ha coB^n^aHlH h, noBHXHMOMy, hh ki ^eicy He npHxo- 
vun B'B pesyjiiBTart, HH^ero nyrHaro He x^au. 

Ho Bi MypaBeftHHEi na Jipyroft xe a6hb tlocjA passopeHla 
Bce npHXOAKTB B^b HopflxoBi: 8ig(&KaHu o6HasHBinLacfl rB^xa; 
AHHBH ynecemi na CBoe Micro; cyxin nrani cochh, KycoHss 
seujEH, Mejucifl BiioHKH, jihctob'b,— Bce nepeHeceno, npEJiaxeHa 
H sapaBHeno. MypaBeftHHKi ohatb npHHJurb Ton bhvb> Eoropuft 
HM&rB fip npExoAa. Gix^, h hhkto 6h ne CBasajTb, ^to zibch 
emfi TOJiTBRO B^epa 6iuio orpoMHoe BOjmeHie, noxHHBmee na Horv 
Bcirb o6HTaTej[eft, bhjiotb ao spiuiaTEiX'b aKHTejiefl, noviniaio- 
mwxcR wb cavoft rjQ[y6HHi ropoARa, lani, r^^ vb jjiino uo- 
seHHUx'b rslsxaxi 8a6oTjniBO npHcrpoeHu jra^sH. dra, Rasa- 
jrocB 6U, HenysHafl, Gesi^ijiBHafl eiroTHH, cyerHS HesairidHa 
cj(!uiajia CBoe xbsio^ npHBejia kb nopflSKy, ki nonpaBsi 6iffi. 
H ecJDH, Tiicb He Henley nocjAACTBia on 6%au octb; ecjm no- 
nifijio npH BTOiTb HSBicTHoe ROJraHecTBO pa6oTHHKOBi>; ecu yr^ 

PHHO HiCEOJEBKO flH^eKl, — Wb 06^0111 SH8HB, BCOTaKH, BSflJia 

CBoe H cHOBa noTOEJia osHBJteHHo, Kkffieshuo. 

ToHHO Tasace h y JnoAefi-uypaBBeB'B Heny^maH, noBHAHMOiiy, 
isAa cjiiysanpirB, cyeia, 6e3i^iu[BHiie, a HHorAa h eescBasnue 
pasroBopH H cHopu, BCH dTa 6e8TOJi[ROBaji, HenoHATHaa cytojioKa 
ch myMOiTb rtBiserhy cb osecTOHennHMH cHopaMH npeAcraBHreJset 
pasjiHnHuxi napTlfi h Bosspinlft, Bce jbi cjhoshocth cfjbssjio CBoe 
A^o, HanpaBEJio xo^b iribcxHuxi TpeSoBamfi, yifHpoTBopHJio. H, 
ecjiH He lasi CBopo, ^itb bi icypaB^HHKi, h ho TaRi> hojiho, — 
Bce se npHHecAO niKOTopue hjioabi. UjbBJi na xjql^G'b ynam a<^ 
AMcTBETejiBHOft CTOHMOCTH xjii6a, Cb lOFa nonuTH noisAa CB 
BepnoiTb, Hffb CTOJoa^u ABHHyjmcB vsjuiioHu. Ha^aaracB o6iitecTBeH- 
Hiifl pa6oTH; crapHRH, a^th, seHH^HHU ropmhjihcb bi AapoBBccib 
Cf ojiOBHXb. ^ase rb urn bhchihx'b RjnaccoBi, rto Mosen 6utb h 
H6 Ayi^ajii^) ^To H ohh Moryrb AaiB HTO-jm6o 6jnuKHeiiy, h rb 
He OTRasamcB otb noHonp rojiOAHuvB... deiicRie AenexHiie 
flH^HRH nycT&iH, HO Bi oSn^evL 6iACTBie, ecJUH h ne sarjuawuiocB, 
TO Bce se HOAAftBasocB ot^bcth oCn^HiTB ycHJiiairb. SHiia npo- 
xoAHJia, cjiyHaeB'B nacToan^aro roJuoAa, bi ysacaio^eirB sna^enlH 
dforo cJiOBa, cianoBHiiocB Bce HeHBme h MOHBine. XBopaJiH, 

yMHpailHy CTplWaJEH, Tepn&ni H HaA^JHCB, CipOHJIH HOBHe HJiaHU, 

^^ SAaoiH HOBaro ypoacaa. 

^ Bb rjnynni AepeBOHB, cpeAH xoft qaciH nacejieHui, ROTopaa 

^ npHHAJia.Ha ce6fl yxap'B 6lACTBia, cpoAH RpeciBHH'B — Bce 6wiO 

THxo, cnoROftHO. HapoAB, HsroJiOAaBiniftcfl, otfeacHJieHHUt, He 

cyoTHJiCfl, He niyiiijnb. Bna^iajri^ ohi^ najiiflJicfl na BsaHMono- 

Mon^; HaH6ojiie nyjBAaiontiecfl hobuoi, RaRfB BcerAa, «no Ry- 



vkCWUiTk. 155 

coHKEi; ciapHn, seHI^HHU, xini saicHHyjui sa cnHHU kotombh 
H pasfipejiHCB no cejieHiBirb, npocfl zjr&6a bo hmh Xpflcia. npo- 
can^ HO coMHiBajiHCB, ^ro, Kan k BcerAai OTRasa He 6jxfiTb. 

n TOAKO TO 06CT0flT6JIBCTB09 1X0 HOAftBaTB CiaJIH BCO MI&BbmQ 

H ueHBme, no HHOft Bre^eHie ntjiaro koa ho Ha6Hpajiii» Hsnero, 
cb nopasaion^eft HarjuixHOcruo yG^ffuo Hapoxi», no 6iA& pfts- 
pasuacB impoRO h cvepTBio noB^o HaicB Bceio HtcxHOCTBio. 
H Bon, yase ahbio h Hnero ho noAaBani npocfln^HiTL; xiiH 
HJuaaJiH OTB rojiosa, Bspocjoie xyx^jm s HCTon^amcB. SaKpuBa- 
jiHCB BHHHHa JiaBKH; HO iipasxHiiRaift'b He ciajno cjmniHo niceffB 
MOJOAexH* JQI^epeBHH npniioJiKJia, saj^yifajiacK Ho cyem no npes- 
neiiy ne 6ujn> saiiiTHO. H, ^wb CoJiBme xjionoiajra n cyen- 
JUHCB Bucmie sjiaccu, rbmb THme h rjiyme 6huih sep^BHHi liHB 
cnoKoflnie rjUAijui saneceHHiiJi CHiroMB cejieniH. 

Sara 6yAto 9totb cipHt, npHHHxeHHuft, yase xaBHO npn- 
BHaBmlft CBOH) noffHHHeHHyio sojoo HapoA>, totb caicuft naposB, 
KOToparo pixKO bio hsb buchihxb c^nrajTB sa paBHaro ceSt, 

TOTB HapOXB, KOTOpOMB HAyTB CHOpU, HOJUOBHO HJUI HO HOJEeSHO 

6htb ero; napoA'B, cHHiaionitlft ce6H oCnsaHHuiiB KiaHflTBCH sas- 
Xoicy, HapoA>, Koroparo hhsto ho AonycsaeTB jiiBkSbme nopora, 
TOTB camift HapoAB 6yxT0 nonyBCTBOBajTB BApyn« ^^o oob mho- 
ro norpyAHJicfl h hto TenepB, Korxa ohb o6e8CHji%JiiBy Aojukhu 

HOTpyXHTBCA H n08a60THTBCfl 0. HOMB Tb BHonie... 

n 8T0 se 6e8B cjiobb, 6e8B HanonHHaHlft noHflJoi h Bucmie. 
OXHH He snau (SjiaroAapHOCTH, APyne ne GjnaroAapHJiH... 



XV. 

Kb naujiy bochu y BaKyjuoBUTB OBasajiacB bhojuj^ opranH- 
BOBaHHoft HXB jiHiHafl HOHOH^B HapoAT* ^B XojmaTB 6BIJia OT- 
Kpina CTOJioBafl, HaxoAHBrnaacji hoab naAsopoiiB OjiBrn. Bhb^ 
TopB AOJUseRB Cbutb cosHaxBCH, ^To Oura Jiy^me ero yiiiia no- 
craBHTB A^o H no A^o y nea haotb xopomo, crpoftno. 

Ho H CaMB OHB H6 IfOPB SajlOBaTBCfl Ha HOJiaAU BB CTOJIO- 

BtiXB. OhA paspocrajiHCB no piwycavB otb Xojdiobb h saxna- 
TUBau Bce 6ojiBniijB h 6oiBinlt paioHTB, OTHHMafl y BHBXOpa h 
BpeHfl, h cpeACTBa. Bb nojioBHHft MapTa orb o6paTHJiCH bb OjBrI, 
xaKB-6u sa eoBiTOHB: 

— Tu noHHHaemB caxa: na noJAoporft Han ocTanaBjiH- 

BaTBCH HOJIBSH. 

— ?T0 se TH xo^emB csasaTB? 

— JIonaTHHB, BHAHmB-n, npoAJiaraeTB BynnxB 06yxoBeKift 
jicB.*. fl AyMaH) npoAaxB, a? 

Ona MOjraajia) a ohb cicyntajicfl Bce (kuAe h 6ojAe h nau- 
van yse cepARTBCH. 



156 PyOCKOB BOFATCTBO. 

— Mai Bix^i RaaseTCff, He Ha ii6tobctbo hjsbo... cava no- 
HHMaemB. 

Ona BZVASiRjm na nysa jiyucTun, jmtijmpnfH rjiasaMR. 

— Tu npaHb, Mot ffijrby npoxasaft jricB... 

H jtici 6ujrb npoAaH'b, xoth HBasB IleTpoBHn Tomo py- 
RaMH pasBOAHn h yrBepSAajEb, no ohb noeii »ioro hh sa no 
He ociaHeiCH cjtysHTB y vaKsxi xosiieBi. Ohi, oxnaEO, ocrajiCH 
H HpHcyxcTBOBajTb sar&iTb npH npoxasi Sap^uoft h saiorft 
,9^Het. Ohb BOSHarpasAajTB ce6fl rtxB, hto H^bsoTopoe Bpemi 
rj[[y6oBo npesHpajiB BasyjiOBa h HBirajCA rpytfHXB evy. Ho Bhe- 
TopB He saM^HajTb hh npespiniH, hh rpy6ocTeft h HBavB Ilerpo- 
BK^B ycnoBOHjtcH H BHHHcajiB cetS/k xjiA OEOHqaTejiBHaro jkjmeB- 
naro paBHOBicin noBoe pyKOBOffCTBo no caHpHnsMy. 

Bb HOJuoBaHi anp&iH BHBTopy npHnuocB, no nopy^emH) ko- 
HHTen, o6i:6xaTB naApi^HUH cejienifl, hto6u nposipHTB, bb ica- 
KOHB nojioseHiH naxoxHTCA pa6o?ift crotb AepeseHB. 

Ob 9T0fl H0!&8AB0t <$UJI0 CBflSaHO H HHOrO THSOJIUXB H He- 

Hajio oCoApHion^HX'B BneqaTJiiHift. P^bh h oaepa buihju hbb <!e- 
j>eroBB, cjiEjiHCB H otfpasoBajuf orpoxnoe osepo-Mope, bb koto- 
poHB sxbch H laM^ BBicHaHCB ByuaMH en^e o6HaaeHHii^ poo^H. 
CejieHifl BHAHijiHCB na necqaHttxi CyrpaxB, cobc^ub saTonaeH- 

HUH, OVpisaHHUH OTB HpOUXB A^peBeHB OrpOHHUXH BOAHUMH 

paBEHHaicH. BoAa Bce npH6&iBajia h ipyxHO 6uao cBasaTB, sorAa 
H rni KOHUTCfl en npHfiuiB. 

BHETOpB ixaJIB BB 60JIBin0ft meCTHBOCeXBHOft XOAK^y Ha- 

npaBXHHCB CHa^axa kb sepeBH^^ EydOBxeBoft. Yxe qaca xsa, 
KaKB xoAKa 6£icTpo CR0XB3Hxa no TBXHiiB saTOHaiTB, TO BBiisacafl 
na pOBHoe k6cto, Tji^b jAtomb pascTHxaxacb rxajB osepa CsfiTa, 
TO saBopauBaH bb jAcb h npo6HpaHCB sxhhhuhh h ysEHHH jrite- 
HUMH npociKaHH. 

— ^aieKO-jiH Ao EysoBxeBa?— cnpocnxB Bhrtopb pyxesoro, 
orpoMHaro> pusaro BpecTBHHHna, EOTopuft, CTOxna Ropiri^, octo- 
posHO H yid^xo HanpaBJDixB xoab xoakh. 

— E% ne Aaxene, — otb^texb pyxeBOft, a oahhb hsb rpe6- 
nflBii AoCaBHXB: 

— BoTB, nepeineKB MaTpenHEB 6yropB, TanB h KysoBxeBO 
BHAaTB 6yAe. 

Ho BnsTopB HanpacHO npHrxHAUBaxcA, osHAaA pHAaTB 6y- 
ropB. EyropB Tose 6lixb hoab boaoA. 

3a EysoBxeBuxB npHouocB ixaTB no caxoHy pycxy piiRH, 
KOTopaa npHMi^THa 6uxa xhoib no 6ox'&e TGMHbuiB BOAaMB a& 
no noflBBBineHycH 6BiCTpoMy le^eniH). Tpefii^ii (^hhxhcb, ho 
pyxeBoft H xoAsa 6bixh see t^ xce. 

BjiiBO, BB OTAaxeniH bbichxhcb, eqe hoepbitbih bb yn^exBHXB 
no6ypiBinHHB EpncTaxxH^ecKHMB cniroHB, to «iepHHH, to 6arpo- 
BEia OTB EpacEOft rxHHU, ropu BBicoraro 6epera p^Ex. Cexohhb- 



PACDJIATA. 157 

meecji isb aaKavy cojUHi^e soiothjio CHiran o($AftBajio jiyqaMH 
o^HasHBiiiiecfl Bucrjnu h xojihu. Msp^Asa npo6dbraj[H Depejti^ 
rjiasaiEK poiqH cocohi h eaeft, npiioTHBiniicca he CKaiax'b. IIo- 
naAajncB KaMeHOJiomiH; pacKBHyjiacB orpoMHUMH KphushauK Bi- 
TpsHEH M6j[uaii](a; bhah^cb <$&iafl cejiBCRan KOJioxoaBHA xa 
cepouHBO BBFJEiiByjrB Ha nyiHHROBB 6oj[Bnioft onycr^uft, cb sa- 
6Kni]iH OKHaxa, (Sapcidft xomb, OKpyseHHSt orpoMflBin, c6j^ 
iftBioBirb KB piKft caAom. 

Ho npBMo nepeAB JiOASoft, h nosaAR e^, h cnpasa fiujia jnHmB 
OAHa 6e8KOHe«naaH, BOAsan noBepzHocTB, cnosoflHaA Kb saTonaiiB 
H myMHas, HeroAyK)iitafl Ha cepeAHffb p^kh. Bojhli rposHux, 
OHJ^HeHHUfl HecjDoicB HeyAepsmuMB xoaomb BnepeAB h BnepeAB, 
uecsajnc o 6opTU jioakh h o6AaBajiH nyiBBKOBB tipusraw. 
IHecTB BecejuB cb TpyAOUB npeoAOJclBaJiH xe^OHie, b JnoAsa eABa 
noABHrajiacB BnepeA>. 

npH saBoport pfiKH paBHHHa BOAu en^e pacniHpHAacB h, 
RaKB na BSMopBd^, cjiBjiacB CB ropHSOHTOUB. TenepB snepeAH h 

BnpaBO OTB JIOABH He BHABTB 6uJiO HH^OrO, BpOlli BOABI, TO CBOp- 

KaH)n(eft cepeCponB npn 6jiecwb coj[H6ihhxb jsyneft, to ho^th 
HepHofl h rposHoft bb HpocrpaHCTBaxB, HeAOcrynHuxB cojiHity. 

nOTOMB npHHIJIOCB OHBTB CBCpHyTB BB CTOpOHy, BB SaTOHU, 
OHATB BATH, TO HO rJiaABHHB, CHOROfiHUHB 036paMB, TO HO JliC- 

HiiHB nporajiHaaHB. BpeneHauH, nyTB aperpa»Aaj[B BepxymKK 
npiicejiB, OTropaacHBaion^HXB ji!6tomb biitohb otb nojiefi; npeiie- 

HaMH AHO JIOARB 6HJIHeB bItBH DOTOHJieHHarO JIOSH^Ra. TyHH 

a;hrhxb yxoRB, rphrobuxb, bihjioxbocthxb, hhpkobb cb myMOMB 

HOAUliaJIHCB cb SaTOHOSB H, CBHCTH RPBIJIBBMH, RpyiRHJlHCB CB HC- 
rOAyiOmBHB RpHROMB HaA1> nORBHyTUMB lliCTOlfB H yHOCHJIHCB 
SABJIB, HTOfitl OHyCTHTBCJI HE HHOfl, CojAb CHOROftHOfi paBHHHi. 
Cb pisRHMH RpHRBMH HpOHOCHJIHCB 6ijI0rpyAUfl HaflKH, TO OHJ- 
GRaflCB AO CaHOft BOABI, TO BSJIOTafl BBepXB. H HaAB BCi^MB BTHHB 

HpocTpaHCTBOMB clfljia BecoHHeft yjai6R0ft ^HCTaa jiasypB He5a. 

BBRTOpB AOJirO npHFJIBABIBaJtCfl KB HOBUMB A^^H HOFO RBpTH- 

HBHB, HO, nocjii odB^SAa HicROJiBRBXB cejiemft, nepecTajiB jug- 

60BaTBCH BHA^HBLIMB. GjHmROHB TBSejIBI 6UM BHe^aTJliHi^, BBI* 

HeceBHUfl H3B AepeBeHB. 

CrojioBBifl cyn^eCTBOBajiH h bi 3thx% noTomieHHuxB a^P^- 
BjmBaxB, HO A^ftcTBOBajiH xyse h cpeACTBB hh^jih iieHBine. Ho, 

XOTH JIH)AH tii^CTBOBajIH SA^CB, KasajIOCB, HO 6ojAe^ T&MB BB APy- 

'HXB M:&CTH0CTJiXB, BHAB cejieHlcl BpoACTaBJiBJiCii 611^6 6e30TpaA- 
iie. JI^Bopu 6hULa. Bci cnjiomB pacKpura, a ^epHaa, na nojio- 
HHy norHBBinaH cojioMa niJia na RopHB CROTa. 

Bb nepBOHB sue cejiOHiii Bhrtopb, o6ofiAH ABOpOBB hatb, 

-jecTB, nepecTajTB sarjiBABiBaTB Aa^Bxne h tojibko onpamaBajiB h 

^tanHCBiBajTB, y Roro crojibro ocraiocB crotb. OcuaTpHBaTB fiuao 

lenysHO h tbsojio. Be8A'& 6hiM OAHa h tb se (esoTpaAHan 



158 P7CCE0B BOrATCEBO. 

KapniHa. RopoBU Cb noxotfpaHHiiicb, MopiqHHHcrun BimeHevb, 
ch tioKaKH, oroieHHiiiai xo kosm, eh uoibamh rpHSHOft, csa- 
jUBineftcA mepera, cb rHoiHiiME .pasami Ha BiiAaBomxcfl ko- 
CMrb Hon, ch petfpaMH, TopHanpniH orBpauveuHot jAmet^ot^ 
yHfiuo H anaTHHHO jieaiuuiH vh irftcHHi rpASH. JIomasH, HCxyxaB- 
mlfl xo Hoej^ffiet cveneHH, cb o^iisnuiMH zBOcraMH^ ch CBaxflB- 
meftcfl B^b oxHffb Bom rpsBot, a OTBHcmuiH hhshhmh rf6aMH, 
cb rjiasaKH, noTyxmHMn bi npox'iyBCTBui CMepn, hjih ctohjoi, 
ymuo CBftcHffb ocjuUJiBink naoBH, hju, (kurito HSHypoHHUH^ 
BicijH Bcim rtioKb na HOHajorasB BepeBKan, sanc&HJieHHiizi 
sa 6ajuai. 

— Mnoro-jiH KopoBi ocTaiocB?— -cnpanmBan Bnropb bb 
oxHom cejieniH. 

— EcTb en^e,— paBHOxyiHHO h bud oiBftTurb cnpocra, ne- 
xoTfl Bumexnnt hs^ ms6u. 

— A Kaffb? 

CiapoOTa uoTjmskjrb xu nero-io na saxoxflniee cojiHi^e, no- 
Tom HOHecajTb jioxMaTyio rojiOBy h Ee/fiBosbuawb rojiocoirb o5pa* 
THjiM ^epen haoto n noxomexmet wsiAy crporo oruxuBaB- 
ineft npi!68saro (SapHHa. 

— fl/iffi Bacuif , — cnpaniHBaiDn ohh, hto cbothhei ocrajiocB? 
^Boe HJEH Tpoe npBHxncB c^HraTB. 

— EopOBB CB TejIBaMH XBaXI^ftTB HHEaiCB, — OTB^THn X^XH 

BaCHJOft. — fl^BtOflfirh H TO. 

— Bonaft 6ojiBnie, — nepe6HjiB HHseHBKit HysH^eHBa, Bee 
BpeiiH CTapaBmitCfl Haxjio6yuTB nioxHie na rojioBy manKy. 
^atB, y OpHHu B^epacB Tojisa naia, xft y coxxftnn OjieHii aa- 
MexHfl Koposa. 

— Boaaaxit&TB BopoBB ociajioeB, — HonpaBHjiCH x^Xfl BacHjdfl: 
Cvapocray Bce BpeMfl paBHOxynmo cjiyinaBinit mem h uh- 

XftBonft Kyxa-TO BffiJiB, otfpanijicfl kb BHKrqpy h xmoshjtb: 

— BoeeMHaxi^aTB KopovB* 

— A 6lU0 CBOJIBBO CB OCOHH? 

OicadajiiocB, iro gb ocenn 6uao cro ^erupe KopoBU. IIotomb 
CTam CHHTaTB Jioniaxeft h namju, mo hsb xeBanocTa xsyxB Jio- 
maxet yi^ijri^o xraxiiaTB nerupe. 

fl BB xpyroHB cejiemHy h bb xperbeMBy Beaixi 6um oxho h 
TO S6. SopoBU H jiomaxH y^BIBaJDI CO CTjianiHOft 6uCTp0T0ft H 
BpecTBAHe He Hax^^HCB, qro ocraBinajiCH CKOTnna xoTunexB 
xo enaxa boxb. 

XVI. 
noMon^ Hacejiemio Bce ycHJiHBajuusB h (Subhjiocb BpeiM, 

EOrxa M02KH0 6yxeTB CHHHaXB HOBBit XjA&b. OSHHH BHIIUIH H8B 

nox:B CH^ra BejHxojriftnHUHH voroxa CiaronpifflCTBOBajia xiMairB. 



PACmiATA. 159 

Onra tqaeo yAniuuuiacB, oisyAa tiepyrcfl 7 BHsiopa cuu. 
yace Tperit MJicanibj owb noTn He cnan, &cb sa xoaj k, bh- 
XHMO, BecB 6iijrB norjionteffb CBoeft koboS xkBTeoBocmo. Ohi 
^SesnpecraHHO oijiidsajn croiOBiifly bo bco noxHn cavb, yc«- 
^HBan^ npoBftpuTb, BUAuajTb. 

Ob% 096HB nOXynftjTB, HO ItB^Tb JIHI](a HMikB'b aXOpOBIlt H CO- 

BepmeHHO nosa^ujrb npo npesnioH) tocbj. BpeMenaiiH ovh ocjia- 
4iiBajcb, Tepujrb anepriH). 

— EiTby BHXHO, HXHero to nosiueniB. BHw ocBJiHBaen, — 

rOBOpHA OKb TOma. 

Ho BHXb raxo, jBipeHHo padoraBineft nps Tin se croio^ 
Biixb seHBi noxKpinjum ero, AaBan HOBiit sanacB Biteprui. 

Oura TpeBosHo npHrjuxuBajiacB kb A^TejuBHoerk Hysa, 
€e8noKouacB, bhaa, hto oob joshtoi sa nojrao^B, noCBfl^an 
Benepa CHerain, a BcraerB cb niTjxaiai, ho ho pinnuiacB ocra- 
HaBJiHBaTB ero. Onra ^BcrsoBajia, hto bb 9Toft jraxopaAO^noft, 
caifooTBepaBeHHoft patfort okb nepnaen HpaBCTBenHBUi chjoi h 
Ba^BOHie npesHATO. 

Bcft Ajifu BHBTopa o6panteHU tfiuni bb oxho a^jo. Hh 

^eilB HHOICB OffB HO MOFB rOBOpHTB. OhI HO^IU HOSaiSBUTB CJ- 

mecTBOBanlH co6cTBeHHfiixi xbteA m pa9B ysacHO yjqaKJicH, Korxa 
OAra noxnecjia kb noMy MaieHBiyK) JlHxoHKy, of^rpo bb njiaTBHi^e 
H (SanniaHKH. 

— Jifi,, vigby ona eiqe bi py((aineHRi 6tm? — CKasan ohb, 
jAHBjieHHo Tjuiffl. Ha pe6eHBa* 

Ohb Becejio noi^ijuoBaxB xopomeHBsyK), nyxjieHBByE) xkBonvf^ 
BOTopaii Bca cocTOua h9b AMOHeiCB H pojprnoBB, ho xoiqacB se 
nepexajTB ee ouatb Maiepn. 

— HeKorxa mh^ cb BaxH,— cicasajrB ohb k ymen cajpnrBCH 
BB TapaHtacB. 

OffB He SHJB, a ropin Bce bto Bpeiui, ho wul Hero bi 
^dToiTB, HOBHXHHOMy, 6iuo Kasoo-TO yxoBjieTBopeHie. 

Bb oaho Matcsoe ytpo BHSiopi ^ajB vb Hxerenot lOjAxfA 
KB xepeBHK) IIpoHHHo, Kyxa HaxanyHft hphChuib o6o9h cb npn- 
HacaxH. TaHB A^CTBOBajiB y BHETopa homoh^hheb ero, y^Hren 
HapoxHoft mEOJiBi, Ao6pOBOJiBHO ocraBiniftcji na j^to npn yu- 
jcan^ H H6 jmeKBii na po^HHy na BaHHsyjai, KaEB ohb ^(ijiajB 
9X0 oduKHOBeHHO. El HeMy-TO H ixajTB TenepB Bhbtopb, ^to6bi 
eoo6nta hphhatb h npoBipHTB npHnacu. 

yvpo CTOflxo CB^ee, HHricoe. He6o, totoo xersot saBicoft, 
saAepnyro 6uxo npospa^Hoft nmcEot; TyMaHHUft BOSAyxB xacKajiB 
rpyAB lenjioft Bxaroft. Jifixjifi ne npeABH^ocB, ho bb caMOM-B 
Bo^xi TaHjiacB Bxara, Ram cokb bb coiJiovB nxojii. 

J[opora mxa noRaTofl pasHHRot h, xy^ hh AOCiHrajTB BsopB, 
668x6 dejuenijiH nou TywuxH; nnpoBOXHCTUHH, ryciuxH osh- 
ifflHH, HiacanpiXHCfl bb tohjiohb, BxasHOMB BOSAyxi... 



160 PyCGEOS BOrATCTRO. 

Ilf uDaA, cb oTBHcmMH n^eiEaifH k (SxixHum, ujioKpoBHiiiis 
jniiom yuren ByujORb yse noxsHwurb BHsropa h paxocTHa 
yjDB6ajiefl evy, waujift noxvftssaioii^yio rexbrnxj. 

— SxpaBcrayftTo, BHRTopb Eropim, — TOBopnrb om nps* 
tfuBmeiiy.— noasuyftre HHqHHii^u ci xopora noKymaTB. 

BywMVb AOJTO He Mora spiBUXHyrb Kb BxRVopy, Aepsacb^ 
Ha-CTopoasi cb €6oraTmrB ((i9HHon», TpesosacB, KaRb 6bi He 
ypOHHTB CBoero AOCTOSHCTBa, He nosMAtBTb HpeHO^peseHifl icb^ 
ce6ft« By^HJiOBb uojioffb 6usi> 6oic&8HeHHaro caMOJitotiix, npo- 
^eccioHajiBHoft ZBops napoAHUxi y^axejiet, nocraBJieHHun b^ 
saBHCHHocTB, He CMOTpii Ha noJiyTOHHoe HMH ofipasoBaHie, OTb 
jDotioro H8i cejUBCiCBTb Ha^ancTByioqHX'b Jism. Ho BnicTops 
ffipxwb ce(SH n Hanajia h xo soHi^a xasB 6eai>BCsycTBeHH(> 
Hpocro, THJSh He saM^qajTB crapamft By^HJOsa ne ypoHHTB cefia 
H Taici) HaKOHei^i, yBjioKajiCH A^jioirb, mto ByqHjiOBii coBepmeHHa 
HSHiBBaB CBoe OTHomeHie Kb cfioraioify ($apHHy>, cjiymajrb 
Kasj^oe ero cjiobo, Kasb o6pa9eirb MyApocrv, h npsHiurb Ha ce6s 
saBiAUBame H:6cK0JibEniiH ctojiobumb. 

ByqHJiOBa, mKan se (SjitxHafl h vaiOKpoBHaH, sairb h es 
Hysb, xepaoua na oahoA pysi petfenKa, xose (Sj^ABaro h nyx- 
jiaro, a CBotfosHoft pyKoft ctaBHJia na CTOjrb, nosputuft Tpy6oK> 
CBaiepibK), lapejisH h xjtjlbh. 

— Bee ju npHHHJiH, BacHjiifl: BacHJUbeBHTb? — cnpocHjrb 
BHKTOpl, CHAfl 3a BaBTpaRoirb. 

— Bee Bi nop^ARi, Bbbtopi Eropuqi; qpesBuqafiHO aKKy* 
poTHO AOcraBJieHo. 

— nepeMftpan? 

— n nepeiri^pHJii), h nepeB^CHU. CeroAHfl en^e ao csifa 
BciaAi B Bce irilpHjrB. 

— Hy, BOTb, cnacH6o Bairb. Ohi y Baei MOJioAqftHa, Ha* 
AesAft HBaHOBHa; Bairb bki ero BuniEOJiHJiH. 

— Hy, saKb se ii!— OTosBajiacb HaxesAft HBaHOBHa,— Bce 
8TO OHB AAA Bad... Tenepb, Bpoiii Bacb^ kul Hero ysce hekofo 
H Hirb Ha CB^Ti. 

— Ay nacb, BsKTop-b EropHW, HenpinTHOCTb,— sair&THirb 
Byquoffb. 

— ^To TaKoe? 

— Xjii^6oAapii naniH o(Sa ^to-to saxBopaju. 
XjiiCoAapaiiH y hhx% HasuBajracb nap^A^HBH, noMoraBuile 

ByqHJLOBy no crojiOBOt. 

— ^TO se Cb HHKH? 

— Co BqepaniHflro wul cjierjiH. CnjibHbifl aicapi. Cepriens 
Aase ({peAHTb. 

-- 3re! naAO safiTH Kb HHHb. 

Offb samejib h ki Cepr6eBy, h Kb Apyrony xjii6oAapy. 06& 
jiesajiH Bb CHJibHOirb sapy h Bce npocHJiH nnb. Ceprfiesi^ 



PACMATA. 161 

6ujn> Fb 6e3naMHTcrBi, ho Hspi^Ai^ft npaxoAHjrb b'b ce5ii h TorAg 
njmnoAUMajn ocjiatSiBinee rijio, orjiffAusajTb H35y BocaaiessuMa 
rjiasaiiB h menTajTS cneKoiHMacH rySann: 

— HCQHTB... HC-DHHTB... 

Repeal Asa xhh b^ IIpoHnHi 6ujio yse qeioBin necfln 
tfojiBHUxi, a en^e ^epesi h^ceojibko ahoS Tade se 6ojisHue no- 
aBHjiHCB Bi> OpixoBi, BT> KoMsoBi^ H, HaROHei^'B, BB XoaMaxi. 
IIocjiaHHue Bpa^s ocuorpijiH hxb h xoaecjia bb yapaBy: th^b. 

3io CTpamHoe cjlobo oqhtb BSBOJiaoBaJio jho^ckoS icypaBeft- 
HHBii« Oqhtb nociiiiajEHCB fiyuarer, npe^iiiicaHiH, h oiutb 8a6t- 
rajiH juoAH-HypaBBH. OSpasoBajicfl HOBuft yld^Huft KOXHTeTb; nn 
ry6epHCKaro ropoxa BuixajLi caHarapHufi: OTpn^B; vh Herep- 
Oypri) mjin soHeceHlH. HoBas 6iAa Harpflnyjia na iiypaBeftHHKB, 
HO, KaKii H npH npesHeS. (5tA%, ri, Koro OHa ROCHyitacB npesAe 
Bcero H 6oj[Bine Bcero, RpecxBAHe, He myiiijiH h He cyerHjuiCB. 
EyATO nOKopsflCB cyAB6i, A^peBHii uoji^ajna, Bcrptwfl hoboo rope. 

B'B AOMt BaicyjioBBixi ESsicTie o th|)& 6iiIjio BCTpi^eno Ch 
TpeBorofi h po6ocTBH>. MajOAymie ao Tasoft cieneHH OBiaAiuio, 

6UiI0, BflKTOpOMB, HTO 011*6 pilOHJICfl BBltxaTB H31 XOAHOBl. 

OAHaso, dTa po5ocTB 6uji2l HEieyTHOfi; ohb upeoAOJiijnb ee h ho- 
pimHju'b, qxo yiAOTB OAna OjBra Ch a^tbhh. 

— Hh Ba qio, — OTBiqajia na 3to pimeHie O^iBra. 

TorAa BsKTopB CTpamao pascepAHJicfl h Aase saronaJTB ho- 
raMH, Bii npanaAK^ aabho y»e ne HcnuiaHHaro raiBa. 

— A a roBopK), hto yiAeaiB, — KpaqajB ohb, ne hohhh ce6fl. 
Oaa HOCMOTptjora na Hero h yaopasaeHHO nosaiajia rojiOBOt. 

— HoJIHO CepAHTBCH, BaRTOpii. 

Ohb yse ne cepAajicH. Esiy 6ajio h 6ojibho, h aocbaho na 
xe6B^ ho pacKaHHiH noKaaaTB ne xot&iocb. 

— Ck)o6pa»efliH y tcCh h4tb, — Bop^ajorB ohb. 

— Moft Apyri, — CHOKoSao OTstTHJua OjiBra, — vjs^ th, TaiTB 

H HHi Mi^CTO. OaHOFO Te6H H H6 OCTaBJIK). ^a H Cf£IAHO 6fiU0- 

6u CisaTB. 

M OHa ociajiacB^ xoth Bastopi Aoiro en^e HacraaBai'B na 

OH OTBi3A'6. 

xvn. 

BojiBHue HpaHHMajia HaaaaiaeHUH hmb jLl^RapcTsa, ho otfcra* 
HOBKa, BTB KOTopofi HaxoAajBiacB saxBopaeoiie, tfujia ao apaftao- 
CTH aesAopoBa. Bee qaiqe h ^ao^e ciajia noABJiHTBCfl cjiyqaH 
CMepTB. HapoAi* ynajii aj^omi laicB, aasB ae naAaiB bo apeMH 

rOJIOAOBKH. 

Osojio nojiOBHHEi Maa Bhktop'b npiixaai pasi bb IIpoHHHO 
H nomejii no 6ojibauHi>. 

— Docjiyaiaff, HacracBa, — caasaJTB ohb seai xj[%6oAap& 

.^ 4. Qt^U'h I. 11 



162 P7GCE0B BOFATCTBO. 

Geprieea,— B^AB t&kb JtesaTB, ks^kb Mmrs laofl: Mys'B, bi va- 
— n-H, poABicBit, — OTBtinjia seHo^HHa, — HOHHpaTB exy^ 

BHABO... 

Ho BHKTopi He xoTiji » 9TH]nb corjracnBCfl. OcMorpiiv^ 
ooic&meHie GeprieBa, owb jBEj»jrb, qTO no Apyryfo cropoiiy d- 
Heft BaxojBLBTCfl soBOjiBHO HHCTafl xoJiOAHaH ROMsaTa, H TorqacB 
se opHHajroi sa en ycxpoftcTBO. IIo ero yKasaHlK) Buuem hojtb 
H cAwa, BknecjiH HeByxHUH aeii(B, npotepjiH okho h ycrpoBora 
B0CT6JIB. SariarB Bhktopb BSHJTb tfouHoro box'b ubiiiirb, Ha* 
CTacBB sa BQrH, H nepoHecju ero vn xyinHoft h acapicoft h96u 
b'b npoxjiAAByio saAHioH) ropeHKy. Ho, HanaBib STBirb, Bbktop^ 
yse Be xotIjii ociaBaBJUBBaTBCB na nojixopori b nomejTB bo^ 
ApyrBVB H36aifiy rxi 6hua. 6ojiBBue. Sarbvb co6pajrB cxoxb b 
BacTOHjix, hto5bi MipB oTBeai ajih 6ojibbuxi nycTOBaBmift xjri6- 
Buft icarasHBib. BeqepoMi, Be saisacaH AOMoft, owh npoixajrb b:b 
ropoAi»9 neperoBopBJi'B c% Bpaqeirb b bshji'b ci aero o((imaBie^ 

qrO Vb IIpOBHBO, TAi tfUJO OCOfieBBO XBOFO 6oJirBB£IXl, 6jjifin> 

BociaB'E Ba BpeBeHBoe acBTejiBCTBo ^[^enAoiepB. Ha Apyroft a^bb^ 

BbKTOP'B OBJITB 'ixaJI'B BB HpOBBBO, nOTOBl Vh SajTBHOBO B 

BesA^ caiTB Ba($ji[K>AajrB, vto6ii bcbojibbjibcb npBRasii Bpa^a. Ha 
CJciAyioiiuft AeHB owb obittb 6ujrh TaMi se, oGxoabjtb dojuBBBixB, 

6paHBJlCB CB X03iieBaBH TftX-B AOHOBB, Vh BOTOpUX'B 6uj9k rpHSB^ 

B Be^epoBi, ycxaiuft, cb pastfojiiBmeiocii rojOBOt, ixajTB AOMoft, 
Ayiiafl 06% 0TAUx:6, nocxejiB. ^Mre boctohbbo saBBMBBmifl era 

MUCIB CTaBOBBIX'B TeuepB EasajTBCB BeByaCHBIXB, CKy^HUBB. 

Jle^B CBopie BTB BocrejiB, aafiuTBCB, ycByTB. 
Obb HH^ero ho^tb Be ijTB wh totb acbb b bco se cb 
OTBpan^eaieB'B norjiJiAiM'B na iAy^ ROTAa cikni AOBa vh yioTBoll' 

CTOJIOBOft Sa BOSAHit oGiA'b- 

— Htoto Be xo^eica BB^ero, — yciajiiiBi rojiocoxi csa- 

SaOCB OHl. 

Ob% (bui'b 6jr6AeH'B b BSHypesi* 

— 9xh, Bhtb, — CB yBpesoBi saMiiBjia OjiBra, — HejiBSB 
AOBOABTB ce6a ao laRoro BBBeHOseHia. dAasB b pacxBopaTBca 
He AOJiro. 

A OHB cjiymajTB ee b Aynajti tobi, ^to fojiocb en sBy- 
HBTB rA:i-TO BB OTAajieHiH, xoTa ona b CBA&ra bpotbbi» eero. 
n upBTOBi rojiocb en, Toqao crpyna, a ob'b, Bbktopb, Be BDOjiai 
HOBBBaerB cmucji's ea cjiobi. Ho bco bto nycTaRB, a roiaBHoe 
vb TOBB, qTo6^ nocKopfte JieiB b BacayrB. Oai apotfoaajTB bu- 
HBTB qaiO; BuaypflTB aanapocy, bo Bce ero aasaiocB TenepK 
OieBRycBUBB, ropBRBBB. He CBOTpa aa Tenjiyio noroAy, eay 6uao 
Bce xojiOAHo: 6yAT0 jieAHaot BOAOt otfjiBBaja exy caaay. 

— Tu, AOJiSBO 6uTBy apocryABJiCH, — CRasaia OjiBra,. apa- 
fJiaAUBaacB bb aeay. 



PACniATA. 163 

— ^a, KaseTCH, jmxopiMlKa HannaeTCA. 

Obtb He sosAMCfl o6uHHaro naca h Jierb B'b nocTen. IIoji- 
Hoe H8HeH0S6Hie ozsaTHjuo ero, JoiniB tojibeo owb butsesjjlcsi 
Ha MHFRot nocrejiH, ho oaKJixaeiiaro HyecTBa HacjiasAeniH on 
oiKUxa OHi H6 HcmmiBaji'E TenepB. Evy no npesHOMy 6ujlo 
Hexopomo h Kan-xo (SesnpH^HHHO tocsjihbo. FojiOBa Cojrtjia, a 
no rtjij npodiran osfko&h. 

— IIpHKpoft MeHH inyfiot, — CRasaJH offb OjBrt. 

Ho H my 6a He corpisajia ero. IIotomi xucjm ciajiH Mi- 
msuhca; HaxjniHyjiH tfescBHSsufl, no fiojBiaeft nacTH^ totocthua 

BOCnOXHHaHiH, H HBHJIOCB O^HO OCOtfOHHO My^HTejIBHOe Hpeff- 

craBJLeBie. Ohi SHajrb, ^to npaMo Hax^ ero rojioBot 6ucTpo Bep- 
THTCH orpoMHfiifl, BB HicEOJiBBO coTB Hy^OBi mapi H rto mapik 
dTorB BOTB-BorB ynafien h pasAaBHn ero. A oh^b, Bhbtopb, 
mto6u san^HTHTB cedn, npoTHHyai hsb-hoxi^ OA&iJiia pysy h yAep- 
jRRBaeTB mapi cHHHKot. H bto crpamHO yrHerajio ero, h locsa 
npoEcxoxHja HveHHO OTToro, «o mapB Tani^ BejiHSB h MseorB, 
a HowepsHBaerB ero Tanaii HH^TosnaH najio^Ka. 

BHKTopB npocHyjiCH H norjTAA'fijrB KpyroHB ceds. Bee 6ujlo 
THXO H MBpHO. Q^BiTHafl jiaMnaAa (Spocuia cj[a6uft CBiTB. Ta^-to 
AajieKO, AUOKO npoaByqaji'B croposeBoft EOJiOKOjrB. Bhetopb ycra- 
jso noJioacHjii rojtOBy na noAynisy h erajn HpHCJiymsBaTBCH. 
OrxyAa-TO HBAajresa AoneccH rjiyxot myMB* TRjvb ycHJiEBaercH, 
iipHfijiHsaeTCfl. Obb boo eme rjiyxoft, HeonpeA^xeHHut, ho Bhe- 
Topx yse SHaexB^ ^ro BtJiwnueaAnM jnoACEan Bojma. Bceco- 
spymaioii^HMB hotoeoitb HAyTB orpoMHus Tojmu napoAa, rposHUH, 
HeroAyioiqiH. KoHi^a hub qItb, h HAyTB ohh npHMO CK)Aa, Hn^yn 
fiHXTopa; OHi Ha nero HAyT%... 

Ohi> j^inB/erb ycHjiie npBATH HeHHOTO bb ce6fl, h CHOBHA^Hie 
Bd^esaerB. ^acu 6bh)tb nojiosHHy Bioporo. 

ToFAa OKasBiBaeTCH, ?to Bhetopb jieacHTB bb EycTaxi> n 
poTOft cojEAaTB, na 6epery nefiojiBmoft p^kh. PysBH sapAseHSi. 
Bci HOJi^aTB, Bci 6jAjsfLUj BCTpeBOseHU. Bhetopb AoraAUBaeTCH, 
qTO OH'B na leaTpi boShbi, hto ohb h cojrAaiu ero noASHAaioTB 
HenpiHTejTH. H A'^AcTBHTejiBHO, TaMB BAajiB, sa piEoft, bhaho 
Easoe-TO ABHseHi^. KasiH-ro rpynmi coC^npaioTCH, pacxoAHTCfl, 
HAyTB 6jiHse H 6jrase. H botb, c6oEy BBdtesaexB, rpeMfl rsfiusiwi, 
Cb BJiOBin^HXB cTyEOMB 6aTapeH H CHHHaeTCH n nepoAEOBB. ^ep- 
HHH^ sisijom^a sepaa opyAift odpan^enii npHMO ciOAa; oeojio 
nymeicB hto-to a^mioti^ EaEie-TO jioah. IIotomi yse Bci OTomn; 
tojibeo ho OAHOMy qejiOB^xy ctohtb y EasA&ro opyAin. BHETOpi 
dOHBHaexi), qio ceftqacB 6yA6TB soHaHAa^ ocTaBicieca npH nym- 

KBXb JliOAH A^pnyTB mHypU H HBB OTBpaTHTeJIBHUXB, qepHUxi 

HcepjtB 6pi>i3HeTB oroHB H o6AacTB ero h ero cojia&ti» ocboi- 

aMH sejdbsa. EMy xo^etcH aaojiaEaTB otb cTpaxa, mojihtb t^^x^b 

liOAefi He cxpijEATB, xoqeTCH csasaTB, o6bhchhtb hhb, ^to ohi 



164 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

6oHTCJi 60JIH on nepeCHToft Hora, BupBaHHaro sycKa MHca. A 
nymKH ctoatb, rposHua, secTOKiH h ajirao nsifflTh na Hero 
HopHUHH acepjiauE. 

OH'b npocHjjicH H pacKpujn rjiaaa. Eiiy AyMajioeB, hto 
AOJisHO 6uTh yse nosAHO, h OH'b f^HBEjiCHy HTO AGHb en^e ne na- 
ciynaerb, ^to Kpyrom THmHHa, h Ojibra ciiHrb. Oflb saxerb 
CBd^Hy H BsrjiHHyjii Ha nacu. Eujoio tfesb hhth MHHyrb ^Ba. TorAa 
OHi cb HeeojibHUH'b cTOHOifb HOBajiHjicH Ha HOAynucy. Gsopo-JiH 
AeHb? £aKb TOMHiejibHa aia no^b cb My^HrejibHUHH BEAtHiaiui, 

aiOTB COH'b, H3HypHH)niift, TOMHn^ft CTpaXOMl H TOCKOft. 

Ohhtb KpyxHTCA mapb; onnib cepAAe saiiupaeTb orb CTpaxa. 
M acapb, H osEo6% pasoMb. Ho xyace Bcero, ^to Kasie-TO Hesi^- 

AOmie J[H)AH Cb OIBpaTHTejIbHUHH KpaCHUMH JIHI^aifH) OA'i^TUe BO 

Bce KpacHoe, Mamyn BOKpyrb Hero pyicaMH, pa3iBaH)Tb orpoH- 
HLie piu H npuraioTb oahhi sa ApyrnM^b na icbcrb, (esHpepuBHO, 
He nepecTasaH. Owb orjiJiAUBajrb exb ((esnoKOBHuirb BSopoHb; 
any xox&iocb ociaHOBHTb rjiasb xoTb Ha OAHOMb H8b hhxi>, ho 
OHH BC6 npurajiH h cxpamHO yTOMjiMH ero. 

El yTpy oHb sacHyjui cnoKofini^e. Uotomi BHAiHia na^a- 
jucb CHOBa. KorAa ohb npHinejii Bb ce6fl, 6hun> yse Be^epii. 
nepeAi> BflKTopoMi ciOHji'b sHaKOHuft eny Bpa<ib hsb BacHJibeB- 
CKa, JleoHHA'b, h HcnyrauHaH, cb saiuaKaHHUHH rjiasaMH Ojibra. 

BHETOpb XOT^JH, 6bU0, CEaSaTb, qT06H BCt OHH BUniJIH, nTO 

owh ceflqacb BciaHerb, ho HSAani BvicTO cjioBb KaEoS-To acajiRiS 
CTOHb, a npEHOAHflBmaECE rojiOBa fiesnoMon^so ynana na noAymEy. 
jn.oETop'b ciaBHjii sa^iMb-To rpaAycHHEb h AepsaJTb pysy 
BHETopa Bume ehcih, norjiHABiBan na ^lacu. A BusTOpb, ifOJi^a, 
jiesaji'b, CTpormib BSopoHb orjiHAUBajrb OJtbry h cejiejich npn- 
HOHHHTb ceOb, ETO 9Ta asoHiqBHa H qero eft 3Aicb HaAO. Ha 
MHHyiy cosnaHie ero npoHCHHJiocb, h TorAa OHb hphhombh ajib, 
^TO fiojiiffb, HO, bcji'^a'b sa rbMb, eto-to o6jHBajrb ero jieAHHot 

BOAOft H OH'b, EaKb CEBOSb COffb, CJlUDiaJTb co6cTBeHHufi sajiKift, 
6yAT0 MOJiflnUft ^enb-io ctoh'b. 

^HH qapesb ABa AOETopb cEasajii JleoHHAy: 

— CoMHlHifi HiTb: aro iH^b, h Bb acho BLipaseHHOfl ^opift. 
A na TpeBosHuft Bonpocb JleoHHAa CTeneHH nenocpeA- 

*CTBeHHoft onacHOCTH Ao6aBHjrb: 

— EyAeMb A^pssaTbCH ueroAa BLisHAaTejibHaro. OpraHHSirb 
HCTon^eHb; ho cy6beErb CHjibHBift. Cxporift peaBHHb AOJUKen'b 
HOMO'ib HaTypi... 

XVffl. 

HOTHHyjIHCb TOHHTeJUbHEie AHH H HO^H. BoJIBHOft HSp^AEa 

npHXOAHjib Fb ce6^; lOFAa Mucjib ero Henau'&HHO nanpaBjuiJiacb 
Eb Hc;riP!TCMy npoHLioicyy Eb napoAHoft 6ixk h nouontH vb neft. 



PACHJIATA. 165 

Ho MHHyTU 9TH 6BICTpO npOXOAHJIH, H CHOBa THHejIUfl, IfJ^H- 

TejiBHUH bha&bIh caieTajiHCB Kb Rem h Tepsaia ero. 

lIpEXOAH vh cedfl, owb nocTOflHHO BHj^'ito 7 CBoeft nocrejin 
OjiBry, HO noqeMy-To cb TpyAomb ysHasajTB ee. 3a to JleoHHAa, 
ROTopuft no Jiisjaxtb nacavb npocraHBajrb Hajn> hhicb, padCTasHBi 

AJIBHHBIA HOFH, ^M^OXMWb pyKH Bib RapMaHBI 6pi0E1b H CB^CHB'B 

Ha rpyA& rojiOBy, ohi ysnaBaji'B HcrapajiCH CKasaxB eny hto-to, 
HO Bcer^a bmActo cjiobi y Hero B£ipuBajicfl THxift ctoh^b. 

JleoHHA'b (Tb Hanajia Coji^shh shth ho^th emeAHeBHO npiis* 
sajTb wh XojiMU HOMoraTB cecTpi yxasBBaTB sa ffojiBHUirb. Ho 
6ojiBnioft HOMon^H Ojiira on nero ne sHAajia. Oh'b totobi 6usi> 
A^jiaTB Bce, ^TO yroAHO, jehhib 6u o6MTmnrb 6oj[BHoro, ho Kaffb- 
To BuxoftHJio laK'b, qxo Bce A'i^jiaji'B ohb HeyM&io h Bcerxa npH- 
HysAeHB 6LiBaji'b sBaTB cecTpy na noiionitB. 

— B'£a^, BOTb, H 6parb a leCi,— roBopHjra oh-b bi cMyme- 
hIh,— a BaKoft-TO ypoAHjica HHot. 

Ha BOCBHOft AGHB (SOJI^SHH, Vb BO^Opy, BHETOpi OUSlIb HpH- 

meJTB wb ce6H h aojuio Cb nanpuseHHuirB JHofionuTCTBOifb bfjih- 
AUBajiCH Fb CHj^n^aro hpothbb ero HsrojiOBBfl JleoHB^a. ToTb, 
HaKoneui, Bciajii h HarnyjiCH Kb neMy. 

— Hy, ^TO, ((pan, KaRi> KbjOLmKB? a?— JIoohhai piftmHTejiBHO 
He SHajii, HtiTB en^e o6oaphtb 6ojiBHoro h nosBaJi^ OjuBry. Ta 
ocToposHO HOHpaBHJia noAyniKH H upHHOAHHjia CB HOJia ynaB- 
mit Konei^i oA^HJia. BojiBHoft nepeBejii> Ha nee BHHiiaTejLBHuS, 
CTporift Bsop'b. HoTOHB HomeBejiHJi'B ryfiaMH, CTapaacB npoHsne- 
CTH cjiOBO. Ojiira narnyjiacB 6mxe Kb neuy. H^ckojibko mtho- 
Benift owb nanpacHO HuiajiCH bufobopbtb hto-to. 

JleoHHAB He HOHHHajTB HH^ero, HO OjEbra AoraAajiacB. 

— Jl^a, A», Bce, coiaBa Bory,— CKaaajia ona. — XjA6'b HAen 

OTOBCBOAy. n 60JIBH£ie HOnpaBJIHBDTCfl. 

Ohb ycTajio saKpujii rjiasa, ho lUHyn ^lepesi* hhtb otkpbutb 

HrB CHOBa, OrjTHHyjTB KOMHaTy H HeOSHAaHHO rpOMBHM'B rOJIOCOlTb 

HporoBopHjn: 

— ^OHH, ocTaBB naci cb neft. 

JleoHBA'B yAHBJieHHo B3rjrflHyjiB na hoto h nocnimHjTB BuftTH 

HS% KOMHaTU. 

— Tbi hto, MHj[£ift, BoFB cb Totioft, — ipoBOSHO csasajia 
OjiBra, HOAXOAH Kb neuy. 

JIhi^o BHKTopa 6ujio paAOCTHO h TopsecTBeHHO. Ob hoho- 
HHTHoft bb TaEOMB ocjiaCtemeiTb opraHHSiri CHjiot bbhjtb ohb 
pysy Ojibfe h vjiajiikL'b KyAa-TO BAajiB saAynHBuiiB h vopase- 

CTBeHHUMB BSOpOHB. 

— a ysHajDLi, — meHTajTb ohb, — h Bce ysHajrb... BCHOMHHjrb... 

— ?T0 Til, Bhth, bcdouhhjtb, Trot 

— ToFAa REKemsA... cto py&seft... ne na to Aan... A ^to6u 
ovB... He TporajiB... 



166 PyCGKOE BOFATCTBO. 

— Aa, Aa> MHjnift, j»... 

— H fljBSBA pe66H]ca... ii Toace He SHajTE* 

— He AyMaft oOb aroiTK. Bora pa^H, He xyicaft... 

— A nepex:b Heft BHHoaan... 

Ovb ycrajio saEpiucE uasa h, Rasajiocb, SMRyiii. Ho ^epen 
MHHJTJ OTKpfim HXIb H JiaCKOBO HOTJuuftn Ha Ojbry. 

OnHTb npomjio A^a MjiHTOJiBHasb xhji. yipowk na xecHTuft 
AeHB 6ojii8HH, BHEiopb pacEpEUTb uasa H OTZBxbscB. Ha Bpec- 
jian, OKoxo ero HocrejiH, cnajia HBHyieHHan Onra; JleoHVAa He 
6wio vh jEOMHart. BojEBHoft HomeBejuxcH, h Onra cpasy npo- 
CHyjiacb H po6]EO BSFJiAHy^ia na nero. £aKoe-TO HOBoe BupaseHie 
CBftxHJiocB vh ero rjiasaxi^. 

— ?T0, Bhth, Kan HyBciByeniB cetfa? — ^monoTOMb CHpocuia 
Oura. 

Offb BHHMaTejuio npHrjtflxftjicfl Kb neft h paxocno yjui6- 
.HyjicA. 1 • 

— OjLHy SHTb XOneiCfl UH^... SHTb... 

— SChbh, xoporoft; Cy^eHb Bora HOJiHTb... 

Ona ynajia na bojeAhh okojio nocieiH h, npeoxof&BaH pa- 
AamH, Mojrajnacb npo ce6£. 

— OiEpoft BaHasicKy,— HonpocvjTb BHsropb. 

Eoi^Aa TeuHaji BanaBicb oncpujia okho, Bb KOHHaTy BopBa- 
jiHCb CHOHH ^pnaro jd^TH^ro cojiHiia. Mosho 6mjio pasrjiHAiTb 
CKBOdb CT6£js[a sejieniioiiiifl BAa^H lyuuH nojui xjr66oBb. 

— Oji^,— nporoBopHjBTb BHKTopb, — TO, HOHb fl cTpaxaib... 
noHHHinb... npojBxerb aro, a ^yBCTsyio... npoftAen, KaEb BTon 
ysacHLift roA'B... 

— ^, ff^—uorm Tomco OTBiTHib ona. 

Ho HHCTOMy BO^Ayxy SBy^HO HpOneCCH lEOlOBOJEBHUft 3B0Hb H 

sanepb bjiibljlvl. JRm o6iABfl. 

— A Tenepbfl ycHy,— osaAKO noTflrHBaiiCb, csasan Bhetopi 
H noBepnyjCH ki crbfidb. 

Omra 8a6oTjD[HBo yKyxajia ero OAtHJiOHb. Ohi qyBCiBOBajrb est 
ABHsenla h saeunajEb Kp:6nEHMb, Ji^e6Eumi CHOMb« H BHepsue 
sa AHH 6ojr68HH MyuTejibHUH BHAink ocraBHjiH ero. BsaniHi 

HXb OHb BHAiJlb paAOCTHBlft COHb. Oflb BHA^Ab yTpO TpOHI^UHa 

AHJi. He6o yKpuTO 6uao jierKOK) auhkoSi namft h bjuubhhh 
BOBAyxb npocHJicH Bb rpyAB. Heo6o8pH]i£iuH paBEHHavH THHy- 
jiHCb HHBU 6oraTfiixb, coHHuxb xidMJoBb. Bbicoko, noKb caniiMn 
HetiecaMH, SBeH&iH roAOca asaBoponicoBb; thxo meniaib uoxoAOft 
AHCTBoft 6epe80Buft jiicb. Bee jraEOBaAO BpyroMb Bb apoMaTHOMb 
yxpi BecHu, noicpuBafl 8a6BeHieHb cxapoe rope, HpHSUBaH Bb 

HOBOft SH8HH,.. 

n. EyiiuniHb. 



CpettH HoqH H Jibjia. 



OABA y. 

SjfMHflfl HOHb. 

fla 8T0TB paaii hh, saaajiocL, cepBosso saorpHJiH bo jcbjcj, h a 
ia[6 osHAaix, qio Fram ooBo60AHTCfl on jiBAa panBine, h^mb ipi 
OEaaKeMCfl no tj OTopoHj nojnDca n 6j]5fiwb npH6jiHaKaTBGfl kx AuaH- 
TH^ecKOMy oKeany. Buia yxe jiobojlho nosAsaa ooohb, h oojiHi(e cs 

XaSipiM'B AHOM'L CTOflJIO BOO HHSO H HflSO Ha^l ropHSOHTOH'B, TOH- 

nepaTypa noeroaHHO nOHHsajiacB. 

HaGrynajta AJ^HHHaa SHMHflfl ho^b — orpamHafl ho^b! Hauib HH?ero 
He 0CTaBaj[0CB^ saKi npEroTOBBTBOfl kl soft, n hu, HacEojiBKO Mom^ 
nocrapajifiOB nocreneHHO npeBpaiaxB Hame cyi^HO b'b yAo6HyD 3eic- 
HDi) KBapTflpy. B'B TO se BpeMfl KU npHHflu B&k Htpu npeXocTO- 

pOSfiOGTH, ^T06il SaniHTHTBOfl OTB paSpyniBTeJIBHUXl BJIlflHifi XOiTOAa, 
lUOBjqBXl JU>;^OBX H ]ipjtBTb CTEXiflfiHX'B CEJIB, BOTOpUH, EaffB HaiTB 

npeACKasuBajiB, aojishu nory6HTb HacB. 

Mu noABuiAH pyJiB HaBopxi, ^To6u OHX H6 Ciui pasAaBiesTB 
BanopoifB JUiAa. To se cauoe hu xoTisn c^tiaTB e cb bhhtoitb, ho 
Tan RaKi ohi bi cboomb sejiisHoiiB oA'&flHiH kofb ciiooo6ctbO' 
BaTb yKpiojieHiD axTepmieBEfl h, naBBuunb o6pa30Mi, otooki jijui 
pyjEfl, TO Hfii H ocxaBfliH ero na uiorb. Cx iiamnHoft Tasse Haifb 
tujio He MBJia A'^Jia; BBisyTa Siua saxAafl ea OT^iJBHafl ?aoTB, cMa- 
sana HacioM'B, yfipasa Ha saiiy; sojiothhkh, nopmna h BaiH 6hjui 
maTexBHo ocHorplHu h BHqHni^eHu. Boe ero mu npoA^Jiaia cb bo- 
JunattmeK) Tn^aTOJiBHocTBD. AMyHAseai cHOTpiiii sa HamaHofl kbr'b 
6yATo 8T0 Ciuii ero co6crBeHHfiift peSeaoEnb. Ci yTpa jsfi nosAaelt hou 
OH'B npooHSEBajeLi B'B MamBHi^ h HiiE?Eiea cb hoio oaiCHirB sisHHinb 
oOpasotfi; iru se noApasHEBajiH ero draiTB tojibso a^ tofo, ^to6h 
jBHfiibth, SBJU-hOTb nocuoTparb na hbox BHsuaaDii^airB BaopoirB h 
oaaseTB:— MosoTe roBopaTB, ^ro yroASO, irai^ Boe paaao, ho na OBtTi 
EtTB Tasoft Apyroi MamaHfii, Eaax axa, h 6buo 6s cthaho h rpimHO 
He aaSoTETBCfl o Hefil 

He ATM an, ^to6u Breqeain Tpexi JLirb, aauoS hjdi liTOVB, owk 



168 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

uponycTBjrB xotb oji^be'b AesB, qTo6s He onycTHTBca bhhs'b h ho no- 
nsjitTb Ha MauiHEy h ^to HB6f ab He iipo;]j§jraTb cb neio. 

MU O^HCTBJIIH HicTO B% TpDMi Alfl CTOJIflpHOS MacTepoRoft. Me- 

xaHH^ecKaa MacTepcESfl 6ujiia y Haci vh ManiHHHOirB oTA^eHin; 
Ky3HBi^a ze cna^aia timia na naj[y6i, a iiotohx hbi ee nepeaejirK 
Ba neKh. SCecraBUfl pafioxH ku npoHSBOABiiH bi pyGsi, a tfamvaq- 
unBj napycEHHHfl h ;ip. coBepmajiH bi* oajioHi. Bo Bce Bpevfl SKcne- 

jaU^ BCi 8TB pa60TH npOflSBOABJIBCB OXOTHO H CB JIK)6oBBIO. HaTO- 
Hafl OTB CaMZIXl TOHKBX'B BHCTpyMeHTOB'B, BHIOTB Jifi SepeBflEHUX'B> 

CaHJMasoB'B H pyEOBTOK'B j^fl TonopoBX, Boe A^ajiocB Ha cy^Hi. Ko- 
rudi MK yBBAajH, ^to y nacrB ne XBaTaerB BopeBKH ^^a loia, to 
ycTpoHjDH Ha uAy tioJiBinyH) KaHaTHyn MaoTepcEyio, osasaBmynca 
HaiTB o^eBB noiesHoft h nojuy^HBinyD (SojrBmoe npBMiHeme. 

Saiiis'B MU npHciyiiBJiB k'b nocraHOBRt BiTpaHoft kojubbbi^i, ro- 
Topaa AOJiSHa 6£i;ia bpbboabtb bx ABBseme ABHaMO-HamBHy, AOcraa* 
laBmyx) naM'B ajieRTpHqecRifi cBirB. IIoRa name oy;^o niio nojT^ 
napaHB, ^^saMO-MainBHa npsBOAHJiacB bi ^BBseHie napoBoD Manui- 
Hot, HO yse AOCTaTO^Ho ;^ojiroe Bpeva hbitb upbxoabjiocb aobojib- 

CTBOBaiBCfl OAHiMH RepOCBHOBHMH JTaHnaHH JlfiB OCB-ln^eHia HamEX'B' 
TeMHUTB saDrB. 

B&Tpanaa MejaHHi^a 6uia ncifiinieHa Ha6aK6opAtcyAKa na Bepx- 
Heft najy6i^, oeoxo 6oxBmoro JUDRa, eo nponuio B'IcEOjnbo ne^^iiB, 
npesAO ^^ OTOTb BasHuft ;^a Haci annaparB 6wch npEBe;^6H^^ 
Wb Ha;uieacan(ee cocTOEHie. KaE^ a. yse panBine ynoHHHairBy mu 

MH BSaJSH CB GO6OD BOpOTB AIA npBBeAeHla FB A'^fioTBie AHHavo- 

vamHEN. Si AyvaEi, ^0 ovb hbii'b 6yA6TB noieBeH'B bi tIxi ojry^a- 
BTbj xorAa He 6yAerB APyrofi ^HSH^ecRot pa6oTU. Ho pa60TU y 
HacB y B&krb 6sulo\ AOciaTo^iHO, ^to0h Bpeiia ho TEEyxooB ters 
HeBUHoeHMO Aoxro. To heao 611x0 sadoTHTBoa cy^Ei h TaRexaiA, 
ociraTpBBaTB napyca s RanaTU h t. a-; to Tpe6oBaxooB npBHecTH 
npoBiaEix BCERaro po^a hbi ee^hrob-b, xpaEEBnmxca bi Tpnut; to 
HysHo 6uxo pa3Ao6HTB xB^y, xopomaro xB^y eb'b npicnoft bo^h r 
npEHeoTE ero vb RyxED, r^i ero oCpaiqaxH yse vb Bo^y, roAEyn 
Axa nHTBE, npnroTOBxeBia nfln^E h cteprh. KpoMi Toro, Rasi a yse 
ORasax'B, Wb EamEXi KacrepcRRxi BcerAa 611x0 AOCTaTo^mo A^ft 
Axa Botxi. 

HanreMy <Ry8seity JIapcy> (IleTepcesy) npflmxocB sanaTBca npE- 
BeAeEieMi* vb EonpaBsocTB 6oRaEi^eBi, na ROTopuxi yRptnxena 6uia 
6oxBmaE xoAxa, T9X!b RaRx hx'b nornyxo BOXHaMH bo BpeHa namero 
sepeiSAa ^epesi* EapoRoe nope. 3aT&irB exy na^o 6hxo to OA&iaTB 
EaRoft HH6yAB MCTBi'b, Rpfio^eR'B EXE BfiiEOBaTB KaRoft EE6yAB jQ)yrot 
npeAverB. Hameiiy seerflSERy, Bce Tony se cRysnei^y J[apcy»,HaAO 
6iixo EsroTOBHTB 6oxBnioe secTEEoe Be^po jifia pacraHBaEia xB^a vb 
xyxHb. MexaEER'B AHyaAseE'B terso noxy^axB saRaau HsroTOBHTB 
TO TOTB, TO APF^' EEOTpyHeErB; ^aooB^^IR'B MorniTaA:B AOxsenrB 

61IXB TO npOB'bpBTB H BU^EGTETB TepHOHeTpH, TO ECEpaBETB REEyiO 



CPEflH HO^H H JttAA- 1 69 

iiH6yj^ npyxBEy fb ^aoax'b, a HanrL sapyoHuS MacTepii noiy^aii 
npEEasaHie bsfctobhtb ynpirsB jifig. Go6aKnb, ZBriwb KasAuft e3T> 
HacB jifijLmevh 6hji'b 6htb cbohmi co6cTBeHHUM'B dannra^HBROifL h 
DpHroTOBHTB cc6t uapycBHHiie 6ainMaRH Ha toactuxt* xenjmx'B ;^e- 
peBBHHUi'B noAomBaxi no HOBifimefi choaoih CBepj];pyna>. Mexa- 

HHEl AMJBASeffB nOJTf ^HJTB, KpOMt TOFO, npeABHCaHie HSrOTOBHTB 8a- 

nacii HOBux^ njacTHHOK'b b3i jiECTOBoro qHHsa a^h rapuoHiyHa, ^to 
61120 caHuu'B nocjilpfBM'B H3o6p'bT6Hie]rB pyKOBOAHTejTfl ascnoABipB; 
Hamevy dJieKTpoTOXHBKy 6wio ho naio A^ia, TaK^ UKh npHXOA*)- 

JiOCB OCMaTpHBaTB H TOCTHTB fiaTapOH aESyuyAHTOpOB'B, KOTOpBUE noA- 

BeprajiBCB onacHOCTH saMepsHyTB. 

Kor^a, HasoHOi^'by Bi^rpjiBaa HejBHHi^a 6uia roTOBa, onaTB-Tasa 
npHxoABJiocB BOBBTBOfl cb HeD— ynpaBJiflTB OK), OTaBHTB no Bixpy H 
T. A- EcjH ae BiTop-B ycMHsaicH, to npaxoAMOCB Koicy HH6yAB 
B3J[t?aTB Ha BepxB, Ha MejrBHHi^y, ?to6h bsatb ph4[ih napycoBB. Bo 
BpeMfl SHMHflro zoioAa TaRoe saHHTie ji^blsbw ho 61110 npifliEO h 

nOCTOEEEO npBXOAEJlOOB TOAyTB Ea EaSBI^I, TO lepOTB EOE^EK'L EOCa. 

Orb BpeueEH ao BpeMeHs hpexoaejiocb BceTasE BiiKa^EBaTB BOAy 
V3% cyAEa, xoTfl see pise e pi^xe Eysso 6u3io npH6iraTB b% 8T0Hy, 
TaEB KaKB BOAa KpyroiTB cyAsa e bo bcIxb ero maasB yse BaMepaia . 
HoBTOify nOMuii, Ea^^Esaa ob AeKafipfl 1893 no Idjb 1895, ee paay 
Be pa6oTaiE. EnEECTBeHEaa, OTOion^afl yaovflEaElfl, t6^ saxoAEJiacB 
wb HamEHEOirb OTAtxeEiE, eo OEa eo Eutjia doiBUioro SEa^eEis: 
npExoAEXocB TOiiBKo eseM'kfl^EO oKaiKFBaTB jieA'B Ea jijA oyAHa e 
EOAHMaTB ero EaaepxB bb BOApax'B. Ko BciH'B btemb pa8EOo6pa3- 
sHiTB pa6oTavB HaAO npfl6aBHTB caEua BasHafl — Eay^iEUE Ea6£K)A0- 

ran, ROTOpUfl fiUJIH nOOTOESHEIH'B BaEElieiTB A^E HEOFEXB EBB SaC^. 

Bcero 6ojn>ni6 TpyAa Tpe6oBaiiE, pasyHteTCE, MereopoiorE^eom Eafijrio- 
AeHJE, EOTopufl npcH3B0AEJiBCB 7epe3B xaacAUd 4 qaca, aeomb h eo^bk), 
a BB Te^eaiH aobojtbeo npoAOJSErejiiBEaro BpeveHs jifiood ^epesB 
KasAHe ABa Haca. Oaeeb ejie a&so aboct iioAeS Ji^kaafk A6Eb 6fiiBaiH 

BTEITB BaEETH. 3tBMB OTA^IOMB BEBtAHBaffB y HBCB CKOTTB-raHCeBX, 

a EOCTCEEEUMB acccECTeETOMB oro 6ujrB loraEceEB AO uapTa 1895 
roAa, KorAa ero Micro BacrrynBJTB HopAajiB. Ho^d !Ea6iK)AeEifl npo- 

KSBOAEJIECB TtEB, KTO CTOflJI'B BB 810 BpOME fia BaXTi. 

KasAHO ABa aee, ecjE noroAa Ee GuJia nacuypHaE, CROTTB-FaE- 

OeEB 00 CBOEMB aCCHCTeETOHB BEEEMaiECB aOTpOEOEE^eOREICE EaSjH)- 

AeeEiflME, noq)eAOTBOHB ROTopuxB moseo 6iuo onpeAl^xflTB HioroEa- 

xosAOEie cyAHa. K'b aroft pa6oTi Bcb ^jioeet BRcneAEii^iE oteocejcbob 

BexH^afiniEM'B EHiepecoifB, e noroHy sa^acTyD RaDTa Crottb- 

ECeEB, BBTO BpeMfl, RaRB OEB npOHBBOAEITB CBOE sa6jii)AeEiE, 
.OXAaJiaCB npaSAEUME SpHieJUIME, SeiaBEIEME BEaTB, nOABEEyJTECB 

I KU, H ecjuH noABEEyjnscB, to RaR% a^Jkoro, R'b otBopy ejie rb 
ry, 00 BpeMeEB nocjrtAHEX'B Ea6iDAeEifi. Otb pesyjiBTaTa stex^b na- 
DAOEiS BX 3Ea?HTejrBE0& Mipi saBEoijio rocnoACTByufl^ee Ea oyAEi 
korpoeEie. Bb onpeAtjieEEiie cpoRH CRCTrB-FaEcerB AOJOseEB 6HJrB 



170 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

TaKSe IipOH3BOAHTb MarESTSIUI Ha^JUOAeHUI. OflB npOBSBOAHIHOB BHa- 

^bjA b:& najiaTsi, oneipajtBHO BuerpoeHHoft am 91*o£ mils ke Jibxy, 
BO izo3;^H'fce uu BiiorpoHJiH AM 8Toro fiojubmyD XHSHsy hsi catra, 
KOTopaB 6EMa ae tojibko i^tieoooGpaafiie, ho h yAo5ate ffjifl Ha- 
6jQ[i)AeHifi. 

HameMy sopatSeibHOHy spa^ A^a 6u£o HeiiHoro. Oitb xoiin) 
B rmexBo osHxajii nai^ieHTOBi b bx KOBi^t-soHi^OBb oi ropa^ saHiuiofl 
jr&<i6BieMi> co6aEi>. Pasi bi iftGflA'B ohi npoHaBOAHix cboh Hay^HEU 
Ha6iDAeflifl, coctobhub bi> tomi, hto obi Eaa^aro ^eiosica bbbI- 
nmBaAB, o^BTan y nero spoBflBUd mapasH n onpeAt^flJ'B KoiE^ectBO 
spoBBHoro nflmeHTa, ^to6u hb ocHOBaHifl sxoro bu^boibtb BOJiH^eor- 
Bo EpaoHuxB KpoBBBUXB mapEKOBi H reHorj[o6HBa BbKpoBB EaxAfti^- 

KB BTOfl pa60Tb BOt TaE3B6 OTflOCHJIflCb OB 60fl3J[BfiblKB BBTOpeCOHli, 

TBRi aasB Kaacj^uft AynajtB, hto bsb nojy^eBHUXB peayjubTaTOBi ohx 
Moserb BfiiBOOTfl sBEJin^eBie Hacnerb Toro, ebeb AOii^ro obb Moserb 
o^BTBTb ce6fl rapaHTHpoBaBHHU'b orb safiojiiBaBifl OEop6yTOirb. 

Kb HBOJLy saniBXB nayiBUXB 8a,AB^i> npflsaAJteacaio tbeso onpe- 
AiieHie xeMuepaTypu bo;^gi h coAepsaHiB bb hoK coib hb paaia?- 
HKXB nySBBaxB, co6flpaBie h HsoirbAOBaBie sbbotbuxb, BaxoABMuxB 
BB 8TBXB ciBepBbiXB Mopflxii, OHpe^tJieflie KOJLB^eoTBa 8ie&TpBqecTBa 

BB BOBAJXi, HaOjUOAOBie $OpHB, pOCTa E TOin^BHU JUbAOBB, a TBKSe 

TeMneparyps paajuB^iBurb jioabbuxb oaoobb, B3C2iji;oBaBie MopcEoxB 

Te^esifi DOAOJUbAOllB B T. A- 3TflMb OTAilOMB SBB'ibAt'tBaiB fl. HaBO- 

Hen,B, cjntAy^TB eme ynoHBHyTb o npaeBJibHKrxB BafiiDAeHiflXB u^xb 
ciBepflUMii ciBBiOMB, A'B Bsy^OBiB EOToparo MBi BaiOABXflob BB npe- 
BOcxoABbiXB yojEoaiaxB. HtEOTOpoe speiiA a saEBuajtoa btbmb A'i^^ojrb, 
. a saiiBB dTO jiMo bsbjlb bb ce6fl BjieccBBrB. KorAa se b ocibbbjib 
cf ABO, TO nopy«iBjiB eny e Bci ooTaibBua BaSiDAeBifl, aesaBinifl hb 
Hfli. 

He MdJiosBaqyn^yK) qacTb HamexB aay^muxB pa6oTB oocraBJUAB 

BpOMipB rjiyfiBBU E JIOBifl puCu nOCpeAOTBOMB ctTE. npE 60JtbfllO& 

rjiy6flBt, 8T0 6ujia Tasaa paSora, bb soropofi bcI a'^'^keu 6iule ho- 
Moraxb; npE tomb se oaocoOt, EOTopufi hu AOirsBU 6ujiii ynoTpe6juirb 
nosAHte BB BTOfi pa6oTi, 6pocaBie jiotb daHEMaAo EBOfAa y bbcb 

I^ijLUfi A^Bb. 

Ha oyABi oabeb a^bb BecbMa mbjio OTJBqaaca otb APyroro, dobto- 

My OnBCBHie OAEOFO aba, bo BCtXB CEOJIBKO EE6yAb 3Ba7ETei[bHUXB 

nOApofiEooTflXB, CyAOTB OEEoaEieifB e scixB ocraJUBHUXB. 

Bb Bocevb ^bcobb mei BCTaBaiB h sbbtpbeujie, sasTpaEB cocToajrb 
]|3B cyxoro XAi6a (psaaoro b nmeHaqflaro), Cbipy (rojuaBAOEaro 
^eorepa, mBofii^apcEaro B apO) K^HO^PBOBB bsb coxoEaro mbcb e 6apa- 

EBBV, Ser^BBU EJE ^EEBrOEEXB EOECOpBOBB flSB BBUEB, KOHTOEan 

caaa, EEpu, BE^oycoBB, saxlKB OBCBEUfi EJiB aEniftcEilt EopaCeab- 
HHfi xM'b cTb aneJirbCEEEuirb MapiiejiaAoHB eie EaBEiiB BE6yAb APy 
rEEB (j[>pyETOBUMB soio. TpE pasB BB EeA^JiD y HacB 6bub CB&se- 
EcaeqeEEufi xni&b e BEorAa Easie BEfiyAB HEporE. Hto EacaeTca 



CPBAH HOW H JQ>AA. 171 

HaiiS!rKOBi», TO BHa^affb mu ese;iHeBHo iihjii so^e h moKOJiaA'B, nosAHie 
He Ko^e TOiBKo ABa pasa bi HejitjuD, ^aft ABa pasa h moEOJia^rb Tpii 
pass. 

IlooJii saBTpaKa ^aoTb namHX'B Juoi(efl, ssflBinaa Ha cefia noae^e- 
Kie oofiasaxi, oTHpaBmacB A&Baxb hmi sopifL, cocioflBmifi esi 
noJiOBHHH TpeesH AiA Kas^oft co6aKH hie napu oo6a^HXi> napo- 
rOBi, oTBaauBaxa ootiasi h, Boo6iue, jijbJiuik Boe^ hto nyHHO orojio 

HHXB. OoraXBHUB SaHHMaiHOB paSHHlCH paSOTaHH, B03I0»eHH£IMH Ha 

EHXi. Kaa^Hfi noo^epeAH AOJtsen'B 6hjd[i> npoBoxHTB neAtjiK) Ha EyxH'i, 
HOKOraa noBapy, HaRpuBai'b na ctojdi'l h y^HpaTB. IIoBapi ji^ORT&ewh 
6wL%- jaocA saBTpaKa cocraBETB mohio o^jifi^ h lOT^acB se npH< 
HHnaTBCfl 8a ero npHroTOBiieHie. HtKOTopne hs'b HacB oTspaBJiajiHOB 
Ha nporyjiEy ao JUBAHHaui, ^o6fii noAHmaTB ob&ehmi BosAyxoifB h 
BMicrt 01 riwh HScaiAOBaTB cocxoHHie jsbaobb. Bb ^aci jifiE kuco- 
6HpaxH0B K'B ofiiAT) cooTOflBmeuy o6i>iRHOBeHHo HSBtpexB nepeH'i^H^: 
cyna, icaca h Aeo^pTa, MiE bb xaKOMB nopflAKt: oynB, mhoo, pu6a 
HJLH Mflco H AeceprB. HflorAa, EnpoqeMB, oGIa'b coctohai y HacB tojibko 
HBi ph6u h icHoa. Ki vflcy noABBajicfl BcerAa KapTO^ejiB hie EaEaa 
HE6yAB Apyraii seieHB h iiaEapoHLi. Mu Bci HaxoAHJH, ^to npoAo- 
BoiBOTBie y Haci xopomee, ho xyse ^tm AOHa, e jijlr HtEoxopuxB, 
Hosajiyi, 6b!J[0 pj^xe symne. H uu huIjie OTEopMieHHuft bhab: y 
BiEOTopHX'B AASRe saifbHajKocB o6pa80BaHie aboehofo noAGopoAEa e 
HaEiOHHOCTB El oTpan^EBaHiD 6pioniEa. 3a EpyxsoD nsBa oGbieho- 
BeEHO i^BpEyiflpoBaiH pasHue pascaasu e myrEE. 

UOCJIA Ot^lAa EypEJIBH^flEE, CBITfiie H AOBOIBHUe, OXapaBJIfl&EOB Ha 

^syxHK), EOTopaa cjrysHjia bi to se BpoHfl h EypHxejiBHOH) EOMHaroS, 
TaE'B EaEi TaCaEB AonycEaJiCE bt> EaifraxB jheuib bb TopseoTBOHaux'B 
ojiyHaExii. Ha EyxHt EypEjiE e 6oxTaj[B, e EHorAa BOSHEsaiH oiohb 
ropEHie AHcnyTu; saTbiii EasAOMy esi naox nojiarajicfl EopaxEift 
OTAuxii, noQit EOToparo mu npHEEMaiflOB sa pa60Ty, npoAoisaBmyiocfl 
AO mecTE TOCOBB, EorAa AseBEoft xpyAi* cqaiajicfl noEOHqeaEUMB h 
Ha<rB cosHBaM ei ysEsy. 

ysEH'B 6hm TaEOBi se, EaEii e saBTpaEi, toabeo bi bsa^ sa- 
DHTsa BoerAa noAaBajioa ^laft. KypETB cEOBa otEpaBiEMCB na syxHK), 
a caJioH'B npeBpaa^aiofl bi TExyio ^ExaJiBfli), bb EOTopofi vu eoab- 
80Baj[BCB npeBooxoAHOE) 6EdiioTeEofi, cooTaBAEBOiet Aap^ BeiHEOAyoi* 
VBTh EdAaxeiet e Kpjselk SEoneAH^iE. Eoflflfiu ste AoSpue sepTBo- 

BaTOJIH tfOrJIE BBA^TB, EaE'B DH SAtCB, Ha JS.MBKOWh OtBOpi, OEAIxE 

Be^epoifB BOEpyrB ciojia, yrjiy6flBmE0B bb ebefe -•hie co6pasitf sap- 

EHB, TO CHE 6£I QOHEJIE, EaEEME EOOI^'^HeHEBIEfl COTOBapEE^aEE OEE 

Wh HarpaAEjiH e EaE'B MEoro ohe caooofioTBOBajE oboemi noAap- 
)Mi TOHy, ^To Fram npeBpaTEJicE bi HaieEBEift oasEOi cpeAE 668- 
.)aHHqHOfi JDiaASHOfi nycTHHE. 

Oeojio 7Vi — 8 Be^epa hpehooexbcb EapT£i bae aarbBajiaoB Easan 
EdyAB Apyi'&H Erpa, EOTopaa saTarEBajiaoB EsorAa ab^oko 8a hojieou. 
Ito HHfiyAB caAEiofl ei rapicoHiyMy h ssBJieEajti e31 nea SBysE, 



172 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

jojrasjiKafl Hainii ojiyrB jtoCshhhh npoHSBOAeBiflMH, us se loraHOOHi 
npHHOCBJTB CBOD rapiioHHKy H pa3urpHBaax na Heft paaHsa xopo- 
meHBElfl nLecEH. 

OeOJIO nOJIBO^H MU, nOCTBBBB'B HO^HJE) BaXTJ, OTnpaRIHJIHCB Bl 

CBOn RoflsH. Kas;i(iifi o6ad&wb 6u3Cb npocroflTb qaoB Ha BaxTi. Ca- 
MyK) TpyAHjH) pafioTf Ha Baxii cooTaBxaio seAeme ah6bhhkobi h 
BHCMaTpHBaHie uz'h 6o^kh, Eor;i;a co6aKH HawHaxH JiaaTB, ^j& npn- 
SiBxenie H6;^BtAeft. KpoMi Toro, KapayibHEift AOimewb Qbltb Raa^He 
ABa HJHH ^eiiipe qaca sajisaib b'b 6o^Ry hjih se OTHpaBiaxBCH Ha 
jreA'B, mto6u nponsBOAHTB MereopojiorHqecRifl HafijUDAOBifl bi» aoxhk'I, 

BNGTpoeHHOMl JIJIA TepMOMBTpOB'B. 

a c^Hxan ce6H BiiJ^aBi csasaTb, hto, B'b otin^eifB, speMfl js^a Haci 
npoTeiuuu) npiflTHO h HoaaiciTHo, h BCJiiACTBie npaBHXBHaro ofipasa 

SHSHH HU ^BOTBOSaJTH Ce6fl OpeRpaOHO. SaUHCH, ROTOpHH H A^aiTB 

eseAHeBHo, Moryrb Jiy^me Bcero a&tb nOHHTie o Hameft shbhh bo 
BceMi efl OAHooiSpasiH. 

BtopHHR^, 26 AeRa6pfl. IIpeRpaoHafl soroAa. GojiHi^e oroHTb ro- 
paa^o HHse. ytpoMi oho HaxoAHjrooB na 9^ na^i ropHsoHTOMi. 3HMa 
6H0Tpo npHfiiBacaeroii. Ceroj^BH Be^epoHi 6uio — 26" C, ho mbc Haxo- 
;^HJH, qro bto ho xojioaho. Ki cosariHin, oeroAHflmHia HafijnoAOHui ho 
yRasHBaDTB SHa^HiejnHaro ;i;BHseHifl Ri ciBopy: vh bco en^e naxo- 
Xhmch uo;^ T&^'SO^ ciB. niHpoTsi. nepe^i BO^epoirB a nporyjiflzoa 
RpyroMi no ibjsjsiai. 

Hn^ero ho hosotb 6iitb npeRpaoHie apRTH^eoRoft ho^h. 9to Hip's 
rpesi, pa3yRpaineHHHft oaHiiirH Hi^SHUHH TOHaim, KaRie toaro mosho 
ce6t BOotipasHTB. 

OAHa TtHB paonjifiBaerofl bi Apyroft, TaR% ^rro rpy^He onpoAi- 
jiHTB, r^i ROH^aeToa o^na e HauHaeTCH Apyraff, ho riwb ne Menie 
Bc^ ofii^ najiHi^o. $opMi RirB, Boe npeACTaBuexoa RaRoB-TO His- 
HoJfr, MeTrareJiBHoft MysHRoi, oxAaieHHOi KSJioAiet, pasHipiiBaeHot 
nojB cypAHHRy. PasBi Bce, ^to cooraBJuerB Rpacory shshh, ho TaR^ 
se BosBHineHHo, ntsno h hhcto, RaRii eia ho^? IIpHAaftTe Bceiiy 
BTOMy 6ojAe fijiecTflnpa RpacRH, h 6yAerB yse ne laR^B RpacHBo. He6o 
noxose na orpoMHHfi RynoJTB, ROTopuS Ha sepxy roJi^tioro BBtra h 
sarlHB RHHsy nepexoAHTB wb sejieHuS, saiiiTB B'B JiHJiOBHft, cb $io- 

AOTOBKHli OTTtHROVB HO RpafllTB. Ha lOJUIHUXl HOJIHX'B JieSaiTB X0« 

jnoAHUfl ^ioJiOTOBO-roJiyfiBui t^hh cx 6ojr&e cBiTjsnrB fiiij^HO-RpacHmrB 
OTTtBROM'B B'B tiTh M'IcTax'B, Fffi oipasaDTCH HocA'i^AHie oxfijiecRH 
yracaDnviro aha. ^Bb roxyfiOHi oboa:!^ HetSeonaro Rynojia CiecTirrB 
dBidABif BosBtmaDmiH, RaRi Bcerxa, o 'uHpi. C'b nra BcraerB 6oj[Bnias 
opanseBafl jryna, oRpyseHHan sejitsHHVB Rom^oiTB h lerRHira aoio* 
THCTHMH o6jiaR8HH, HJiHByn^Hirn Ha roiyfiovB $0Hi. 

BoTB noHBHjiocB ciBepHOo ciflHie; oho pacTHnrBaerB no He6ecH0My 
cBOAy CBoe fijrecTfln^ee oepe6pflHoe noRpuBaip, oTiHBavn^ee to seji- 

THMTr, TO BeJieHNlfB, TO RpacHHHl I^B^TOITB. IIORpfilBaJIO TO paCHIH- 

pBeTCH, TO CHOBa CTflrHBaeTCfl, 6e8npecTaHH0 H3MiHHHCB^ H TO pasAt- 



CPEAH HO^H H JH>;^A. 173 

XflQTOfl Ha HHOsecTBo pasB'bBaion^xcfl CieoTflmaxii c6pe6pflEBIX^ no- 
jLotyh, HaA^ KOTopsHH npoxoAATL BOJrHOo6pa3aBe cBepEaK)i]]ii6 jiiy?R, 
TO HC^e3aer& coBepmeHHO, ^to6u oaoBa fijecnyTB bi Ba^t orfleHHUxi 
asHKOBi RaEi. pasx bi> sohht^ hjih b-b BB^t OB'i^TJiioft nojuocu, noAU- 
Maion^eHCfl ottb ropHSOHia Baepxi^ h sarbifL Bce paoiBopfleicfl bi jijh- 
HOVB ciflHiH. Taifi h oahi MejuBRafiorb erne jij^e cB^Ta, HeonpeAi* 
jresHHe, KaRii npeA^BOTBie— 8to nujiB otb fijueoTaii^aro oAtaHia ci- 
Bepaaro ciaHia. Ho botb, oho chobo craHOBHToa flpne, BUCTyiiaK)rs ho- 
Bue Jiry^H, h onaTB Ha^HnaeTca dedEOHeqaaa arpa caiTa. KpyroMx Bce 
Bpeiia irepTBafl TaniEHa, upoBSBOAan^afl Bne^aTitaie KaRofi to chh$o- 
bIh 6e3R0He9H0CTn. 

A HBROFAa He MOPL aocTQ^B, BO^eny ata ofijuacxB ocysA6Ha ocTa- 
saTBCfl nyoTHHEOH H HOotiHTaeHofi. K% ^6My se boa 8Ta RpaooTa, ecjia 
HtTB cyniecTBa, Roropoe Morjio 6h eio BOoxHmaiLea? Ho Tenepb a aa- 
^■iHHaK) noHEtfaTB. 3to somjih 6yAyni;aro; Tyn co6aehHv1Rcb Rpacoxa h 
ciiepTB. Ho pa^H RaRoS i^tjiH? Tpefiyftie OTBtia, eojia MoseTO, orb 
joiHHHaro sais^^aHH rojiy6oro HofieoHaro oBOj^a! 

Cpe^a, 27-ro oeHiaSpir. CipoHBRaa noro^a HOHaiHHfi ioro-sanas- 
HHft BiTop'B. HopAaJiB, HonoiHaBoiiS oeroAHfl aoihchootb noaapa, js^on- 
seH'B 6uji'b AOciaTB ooiiOHSHy, ^aa aha joLesaBmyio fb Mopt^ b'b 
MimRi. He ycaiJii ohb BHTai]i;BTL vaco, RaRi) TOT^acB ace bi> ysaci 
KpHRHyjn;, "ITO OHO nOCpUTO RaEEHH-TO nojisaiDn^RMH shbothume. Owb 
6p00HJ['B MimORX H* OTCRO'lBJII'b OTl HOFO^ Meac^y tImI RaRl SHBOTHBia 

paoaoj[3JiHCB EpyroMX bo bc^xi* aaapaBJieHiflX'L. 3to ORaaaiacB m»- 
jieaBRie paRE, npoioaREBmie ce6t Aopory bi khco. Elxx 6£U0 6e3qH0- 
jeHHoe HHoacecTBo, Raa^ BHyipH, TaRi» n oHapysH MtmRa. OiRpuTie 
npiHTHoe; HaMi>, 8Ha?BTB, He npHAexGH rojio^aTB, noRa ho»ho Aocia- 
BaTB TaayH) nnn^y, norpysaa tojibro bx ao^y H'lmoR'b. 

BeHTceaii — yaecejiHTejEL Bcefi BRcneAHii;ia: oht> BcerAa npEAynaeTB 
saayK) Hfl6yAB aecejuyio mytRy. Tojibro ^to npH6'6saji'L ro ^wh oaee'l 
H3i Hamaxi jijoaqS. h no^ETBJiBHO s^erB, ?to a evj npHRasy. 3x0 
BeHTceni o6tfaHyjrB ero, oRasaBb eny, ^to owl mh^ nysen'B. Ho 
EeHTceHi HO ycHORasBaeTca h '^epes'B cauoe RopoiRoe apeiffl npHAy- 
MHBaerb yace RaRyio HH6yAB eobjio inyiRy. 

HeiBeprB, 28 coHTflSpfl. Cair'B e siTep'B. CeroAHH HacrynHJi'B aoeb 
O0Bo6osA6HiH A^fl coCaRi; ao chxi nopi onb BJia^JiH o^ohb rpyoT- 
Hoe cyn^ecTBOBaHie, xaai Raai* ex canaro aaniero OTB'bdAa esi Xa6a- 
poBa, oHi Bce Bpeira ociaBaJiHCB npHBasaHHUMH na cyAHi. Bo apeiia 

6ypH BOJDIBH ORa^BBaJIH HXli H fipOCaJE HSl OTOpOHU B'B CTOpOHy HO 

naiy61; ow^ nyxB ne saAOXJiaoB B'B cboex'b omefiHERax'B, h RasA^fi 
pa3i, ROFAa HHJUH najiySy, axi onpBicRflBajiH boaoH e3'b Tpy6u. Oat 

CTpaAaJIH HOpCROft 601LtdEh1D H JlfiSMRU 6hJIH, RaRl B'B XOponiyiO, THRl 

H AypnyD n^roAy lesaiB aa tom'l cavoH'B Micii, k'l ROTopoAiy 
Bx-B HpHRoaaia cypoaaa cyABCa^ 6o3i> BCflRaro APyroro ABHseaia, 
spoM'b Ciraaia B3aA'B h BnepeA'B> nocROJUBRy no3BOJia6TB A^HHa ii;taH. 
TaRx o6paniaioTCH ex aaMR, npoRpacHUfl acHBOTHua, RoxopKa aojishbe 



174 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

6uTb HameiD noAAepacKOD fb ^a^ Hysffu! Ho Korxa npo6B6rB btotb 
^acB, TO, no Kpaflnefi wbpi, xotb Ha o^ho MPHOBeHie Bam 6jfffiTh 
HpEHaAJiesaTB no^oTHoe Micro. 

Kor^a cnyoTHJiH, hsrohoi^i, oofiaic^, to xHEOBaHie 6h2o noiHoe. Co- 
6aKH GapaxTamoB bi ciftry, ^qLHCTHflHOB h TopnoB h cnb j^hkoid pa- 
AOGTBD H rpoHXHiTB is^wb npuTME HO XBAJ. Hama jiaj^HHa, xoTopaa 
em& nWBo sasancB TaKOft nycTHEHofi e yeAEHaHsot, Bxpyn npe- 
oOparaneB » EOiaBiBEmra^ jESorouojieaEaro HaceJOLOEifl', BisoBoe (Ses- 
Monie 6BU0 EapymeEO. Ob aroro Bpeaieni mh pinuuE npEBasiiBaTB 
saniErB oo6aB'B Ha jtB^y. 

IlflTEEi^a, 29 ceHTfl6pfl. ^ohb posAOHiE AOETopa EieeexEra, vh 
qeoTB ROToparo 6111% ycTpoesi nepBiift 6ojiBmoft npasffEEKi he oyffdL 
Ki 8T0Hy y HacB 6uj['b ABoiHofi noBojir^. HaniE nojiyAesHiifi Ha6j»- 
AOHifl yEasara, hto mu HaxoAEuoE hoa'b 79^5' <Ab. nmpoTH; ssa- 
UTB, EH nponiJiH eni^e rpaAyci. 

06iKb y Haoi coctoeji'b ho KOHBine, reki estb hete nepeKiE%,E 
bo BpoEE o6iAa HcaojiHeHa 6ujra TmareJiBHie, ^^tb Kor^a ie6o, eb- 
6paHHaE EysuRajn^Haa npoipaMMa. Bot:b sonia mosid Ea btotb a6hb. 

„FRAM" • 

Menue, 29 septeebeb 1893. 

Soupe k la julienne avec des macaroni-nudler. 

Potaee de poisson (fiskspudding) avec des pommes de terre. 

Pudoinff de Nordahl. 

Glace du Greenland. 

De la Husholdnings-bi^re de la Eingnses. 

Marmelade (intacte). 



Music d Dine. 



1. Valse myosotis. 

2. Mennette de Don Juan de Mozart. 

3. Le Troubadoure. 

4. College Hornpipe. 

5. Die letzte Eose de Martha. 

6. Ein flotter Studio Marsch de PM. Farbach. 

7. Valse de Lagune de Strauss. 

8. Le chanson du Nord (Du gamla, du fricka . 

9. Hoch Habsburg Marsch de Kr&l. 

10. Josse HSlrads Polska, 

11. Vart Land, vart Land. 

12. Le chanson de chaseuse. 

13. Les Koses, Valse de Metra. 

14. Fischers Hornpipe. 

15. Traum-Valse de MillScher. 

16. Hemlandss&ng. «A le miserabbe^. 

17. Diamanten und Perlen. 

18. Marsch dfe «Det lustiga Kriget». * 

19. Valse de «Det lustiga Kriget». 

20. Pri^re du Freischiitz. 



r 



CPEAH HO^H H JBB^A. 175 

noiaran, qHTaiejiH corjiacflTCfl, ^o ajka 79* oiB. nrapoTsi 8to 6uz'h 
vexTPHOft 6aHKeTi. Bnpo^eirB, bi eme tfojiie micokhx'b mEpoTaxi 7 
Han MHOro 6iiBajio Ha Fram't TaKHn» se 6aHKeT0Bi.. 

Iloojit o6tA& nojaHU Chjih KO$e h cjiaAOciH, a sa ysHHoirB, ko- 
Topui 6hji% TaEse jry^me o6HKH0BeiHaro, noAaBaioeL seMJiflHHiraoe 
H xHKOHHoe MoposeHoe H rporB mrb AHMOHHaro ooRa go cqhptom'b. 
CHAinura 6inirh npoBOsrJiaiireH'B toctii sa repofl TopsecTBa, a saT&iTL 
HH poonuH 6oKajrB sa 79^ rpaxyci ciB. mpoTs, Tas'B saR'B, no 
Hameify yCixAeBii), bto 6eii% nepBHft rpaAjoi^ • hsi uojia MHornxi 
ApyrHXB, KOTopHe hh aoisbh tusE nepefiTH noAofiHHMi se 00- 

paBOHl. 

Cy66oTa, 30 ooHTflCpH. A ho yBtpeHii, ^0 iioioaceHie Fram'a cjA- 
jKyen o^HraTB oco6eHHO npvroAHHM'B a^h sbmh. Bonmafl jiBAHHa, na- 
xoAsmaacfl do oropoHU 6as6opAa, k^ soropot mi upHBflsaHH, em'^otb, 
xaKi pa8^, y oepeAHHu oy^Ha HeRpacHBiifi Bticryn^; oh'b jismmewb tjjievh 
csnHo AaBHTB HI cyABO, wh HMjnsA eciH jre^^ Ha^Herb OABHraiBCfl. 
HcxoAH H3i dToro coofipaseHifl, mu ceroAHfl aee noiFpo6oBaj[H ABEHyrb 
cyAHO HaaaAi, ^To6fii noeraBHTB ero vb ly^mia yoiOBin jn»Aft* 9to 
TaBAH pa6oTa, ROTopan bo BeasoirB cuy^a'b noABHraerca ho o^iohb 

6fiGTp0. 

KaHBii, ooraBaBmiflcfl opaBHHTejiLHo cboCoahuitb otb jibab, npoxo- 
jumiift spyroirB, BOKpurb vh HacT0flni[ee BpeMfl aobojcbho toictuvb 
cjioeiTB iBAa; ero naAo 6wio H3py6HTB npH noMomn TonopoB^, jioao- 
sojioBi H oorporB, ynoTpefijuieinix'B a'a oxotzi sa Mopxefi, n pasio- 
mn Ha Hycsn. CA^asnb bto, hu marB sa maroHB npoBera cyAHo 
repeal pasjOMaHHyK) JiBAHHy. 

TcMnepaiypa ceroAHa se^epoiii— 12,6» C. ''lyAHBift saKarL coraii;a. 

BocRpecoHBe, 1 0RTfl6pfl. BJ^tepB &b BecTB-snflA'B-BecTa h vflrRaa 
noroAa. Mu ceroABH oTAuxaeMib, SHaqHTB npoBOAHVB BpoHa bi* Ry-. 
peHiH, tA%; CHi n ^roBiH. 

UoHOAi^'BHHR'B, 2 0RTfl6pfl. Mu npoABHHyjiH cyAHO en^e 6oite Ha- 
saA^, noRa, BaROHoi^, ho nanuiH yAo6ByD croflHRy. Co CTopoHu 6aR- 
(SopAa y Ha<rB HaxoAHjacB 6oj[bmta JtBAHHa, na Roiopofi mu yoxpoHjiH 
Hami co6a^ift larepB, rAt npEBasajiH 35 ^epHsrx'L oo6aR% na Cinowb 
iBXy* Bra jTBAHEa 6ujra ofipani^eHa wh Hamy CTopony cbohhh hbsrhmh 

H BHCROJIBRO HO OHaOHUHH RpaflVH. 

Yi niTHpSopAa ioa^ 6uj[^ tbrxo xopomift, njocRiS, TorAa RaRi 
MeSAy CyAHOMl H JaAHHOfi Cb 06iHXB CTOpOVB HaxoAHiacB HOBOoCpa- 

soBaHHafl jneAflHafl noBepxHOCTB. TaRaa se to'iho noBepxHocTB o6pa- 
^acB, BoriACTBie noAHatia cyAHa, noAT» ero ahoitb, laKi wo Fram 

B 6yAT0 HOROHTca Ha xopomefl nocTejirH. 

nocjoit o6*Aa» KorAa CsepApyn-B, IObjutb h a CHA*Jra b^ py6B* h 
rroTOBjraiH BepeBRy j^jia jiota, BApyrB B64asajrB IleAepB renAPHR- 
Ti, HaniB rapnynntER^, cb rphrch^: 

— MeABtAt! MeABiA^! 

9 cxBaTHn pys&e h BufiisajTB. 



176 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

— r^t OHl? 

^- Taxi), 7 mTflp6opAa b6ih3h naiaTEH. On sas^ pa3i» jtomexB^ 
AO Hefl n noiTH sa Hee HaTSHyjica. 

AtftGTBBrejibHo, MeABiAi»9 tiojubmoft h seiiBift, Haxo^Hjiefl y naiaiRH 
H odHioxHBajt'b ee. Crotl FaaceH'B^ BieccHHrb h loraHceHi fiisajiH 
Gi HaHBOSicosHOK) cEopooT^ HO HanpaBJuesiK) Kh cyAHj; a se cooko- 
HHiii Ha ji6A't> B Tose 6pocHi(Mi, HO nocKOJUbdHyiofl, yaaii> h CHoea 
6ujQ[i Ba Horax'L..MesA7 rkiii MOABt^B npeKpaTHii cBoe oSHK)XHBa- 
Hie, BtpoHTHO yd^AHBHiHOB, ^To sejDLtsHafl JioiiaTsa, najiRa aj^s oEa- 
iMBanifl JSBAa, Toaopi, ROiumKH h nojioTfiO naiaTSH h6 npeACxaB- 
jTBiorb y4o6oBapHMofi hew,^ js,^^e fl,iA MeABtacBaro seAyAsa; owb 6p3- 
OBJi'B naiaiKy h toJihinniLE maraMs HanpasHjicfl ho cjl1&ji,y Ctrxei^OBi. 

TyrB 0H7> yBBAtJI'b MOHfl H OOraHOBHJKOH H3yiIJiI6HHUft, KaEli 6yAT0 uo- 

AyMaJTB: <^TOBTOeD^e raicb sa nactKOHoe?* A npH6jiH3Hi[ca ei Hevy 
Ha paaoTOHHie BucTp'kia; owb ne meBejtHicfl h npoAOisaii cuoTpttB 
Ha MOHfl. Ho BOTB owb noBepHyjii HeMHoro rojiOBy, a nocjiaiB omj 
Dyjiio Bi> saitfjioEX. He nomeBejiHBi hh oahhmi HJiano^rB, ohi thxo 
CBaurica sa jibab. 

H BuayoTHJiB co6a£'L, qTo6i> npiyqHTB hxi Kh aToropoAa cHopiy; 
HO, El coasaJitHiiD, co6asH BUEasajs sb Heuy BecBMa Maio HHrepeoa 
H Asuse «K6BKi>, na EOTopyio ku BOSJiaraJiR ctoibso naAoasi^i otho- 
cHTeiLHo MBABtsBefi oxoTu, yHHpajiaoB H nOABHraiacB ihoib hoa- 

JOHHO H OCTOpOSHO, HOASaBB XBOCTl, 9T0 npeAOTaBIHJlO AOBOIbHO HB- 

HasBHOe spijiao^e. 

Ho fl AOitseH'B paBcsasaTB ECTOpiD Tbxi, eto nopBUe HxtiH oiy- 

^&fi n03HaK0lfHTBCfl CB BTHMB MBABtA^lTB. 

Ceottb FaHceHB Hawaii yoTpaHBaiB ceroAHfl naiaiEy ais nafiiD- 
ABHiH Bi) He6oj[BinoMB OTAaiBHiH OTB oyAHa. Ohb noasaiTB nocjtt o6tAa 
EJieccHHra h loraHcena, ^toObi ohh noiiorjiiH euy. Bb to Bpeira Easi 
OBH ycepAHO saHHTU 6hiJLE 8THMI A'^^oiTB, BApyrB HOEasaicH KOA- 

BliAI>9 HBAaiBEO 0TB HBXB y HOCa CyAHB. 

— Cmhpho! He meaejiHTeoB, ^toCh ne HoayraiB ero, cEa^iaii 
laHceffB. 

— ^a, JI,a.~H ohh HasjOHHiHOB h cTaiH cHorptTB na MBABtAS- 

— HoaKajiyft, a ny^me noiipo6yK) oinpaBBTBca na oyAHO h coo6n^j 

MBABtAt, aantTBJIB BjEBCCHHrb. 

— fl Toae TaEB AyMai), OTBtqaiB TaHCBrB, BaeccHHrB Bufii- 
«aji[i> Hsi najBTRH Ha n.nno^Eax'B, ^o6u ne HcnyraxB dBtpa. MesAT 
TtMi MeABtA^ octfOTpijica h o6HK)xaji'L BosAyxB H o6oHaal6 ysaaajio 
eHy EyAa hbao hath. raBCBHi iraio-iio-Maiy nodtA^B cbod 6oa3Hi 
HcayraTb HBAB^Aa; mbab^ab sb santTHn BiBCOHHra, npoSnpaDmarocik 
Ha cyABO, H nycTHxca sa hhm'b citAOMi. 

EjiBCCHHrB TenepB TauKB OTaii HeHBniB saSoTHTBca o Hepaax'b 

ifBAB^Aa. He 3Haa, ebeb nocTynHTB, ohb ocTanoBHioa. Hocii mh- 

HyTHaro padnrunurenia, oAHaEO, owh npHmojrb ExsaEjED^eHiK), tto bb 

'TaRyio MHHjTy jryqniB 6bitb btpobm'b, neaejiH oAHOMy, noaTOBcy ny- 



CPBAH HOU H 2BflA. 177 

emnw dixaib nasaxib, ki ;g[>7rs]rB, OKopie, ^iMi on 8to cAiian 
paume, lorAa yxoxurs otb hhx'l. MeABi^B oiiffOBaxB sa Hmrb 
TftKae n xoBonHO (Soibihod jcKopocruo. FaHoeHj aro h6 oobo^mi 
HpiBUocB H oJTb HOAyiuurB, ^no TenepL Haorynuo Bpeiu npH6ir- 

BJIb Vh XHTpOCTH, KOTOpjD OVh BH^flTail Vh KHHrt. Offb BUIipfl- 

vuca BO B6CB poon, oran pasHazHBaiL pyxanH e Kpn^aTB hso 
Bceft cuu GBOHXi xorsHzx, vb ^ewh eicy noKorajrb h Apyroft ero 
TOBapHn^i. Ho nesBiAB ocrajicii xojioxeffb ki aroiiy MaseBpy h bgo 
npifinnajica. IIoioseHie oraHOBuooL EpHTHqecsn'B. TorAa KasAui: 
soorapaica saxBaTHTJb xasoe laijjpi opysie: FaHoeHi BOOBysHioa 
xyOiHSot AU oKaiHBaHUi iBAa, loraHoevB Bdan Tonopi. BieocHHry 
se HK^ro He AOcxaiocB. 3aTiirB ohh orais bo bcid moul spHqaTb: 
cMeffBlABl MeABiABl> h fipocHJUicB dixaiB no HaopaBieHii) sicyAHy 

BaOKOABKO B08M0SH0 6uorpO. HO BLOABiAB npOAOJUSaJTb nOABHraTbOfl 
Kb naiBTKi I TOIBKO TQFAa BOCJliAOBafB Sa HHMH, KOrAa 06HK)XaJI1b 

xopomesBso Boe (KairB hh yise roBopHxa paHBme), ^ro BauD^asocB 
BB naxaTRi. 

dro Curb oaiiei^, o^ohb xyxot. E^AHHCTBexHoey tto kbi Hanum 
y Hero bi seiy^Ki, Borxa ero BCKpuiH, Sun syco^eKB fiyicarH 6i» 
HaAimcBK) cLUtven uod Mohn>. OqeBHAHo, ofipuBOK'B ofiepiKH orb 

OIAhKB, 6pOineHHIlll, BftpOHTHO, OAHHlTb HSl Haci Ha iBAy. Ci* BToro 

ABB, OAHaso, ueHH BEcneAHiiiH Be pimaiHCB ooraBJUiTB oyAHO Hnaqe 

EaKl BOOpySOHHHe 0% rOJlOBH AO HOFB. 

CpoAa 4-ro 0BTfl6pfl. B^epa h eeroAHs od^BepoaanaAHHfi Biiepx; 
B^epa y sacB 6iuo— 16^, ceroAHfl — 14® G. A isibssA jsfiRb saHHMai- 
Oh 6pocaHieirB lora h aootetb riy($HHHnpH6iH8HTeiBH0 vb 1460 kO' 
TpoBB. IIpo6H rpyHta yRasaAH na exoft dpoft uhhh^ bb 10—11 
caHTHH erpoBi TOjnqHHii, uoab soTopuirB naxoAHJiacB KopH^HOBafl riH- 
Ha xiH Hn. 

TeMnepaxypa Ha ab^, hto (Shjio aoboibho yAHBHTenno, 6iua 
BeHHoro Bume to^sh saMepsanifl (4- 0, IS"* C), a na 150 MerpoBi 
Bume AHa TOMnepatypa 6uJia ^yrB ^yrB HHse (— 0,4® C). 3th ^asifii 
onpofiepnuBOTB ao BiEoropofi oreneBH jiereHAy o MexEoiTB nojuipHOHi» 
6aeoefiHi h o H6o6HEHOBeHKOfl xojioahocth boak nojupnaro Mopfl. 

nocxi ofi^AB xeA'B BApyrB TpecHyjii» Tor^aci noaaAH Fram h 
pacH^exBHa tbetb 6ucTpo oraia yBeiHHHBanoH bb nrnpHHy, hto rpoe 
Hsi Haoi>, oTnpaBHBBiieofl, vrofiH yspinHTB lOAflHoft HEopB, aoxshh 
6hih noaoaHTB AAHHHyi) AOCEy h yae no neS, ebei no Moory, ne- 
pefiTH Ha oyAHO. Ilosse Be9epoMi> npoHSomiH en^e niEOTopBia nsM'b- 
HBHiH BO jBAy H HosaAH nepBolt pao^exHHH o6pa30BajiocB en^e ni- 

CK0J[BE0 HOBHX'B TpOn^BHl. 

Herneprb 5-ro 0ETa6pa. KorAa a oerOAHH yrpoMi 0A*BajicH ex 
saBTpaEy, BApyri eo irai bi EaE)Ty Bdteax'B pyieaoft h o6i>aBHi%, 
^To noEa3ai6fl MOABiAB. R bhoeo^hjtb na najqr^y h ysHA^JTB HeABlAfli 
B^npaBuiion^arooH ex K)ra, n noABtrpeHHoS otb nan ciopoHH. Ha 
A0BOJBa»HO en^e hophao^lhok'b pasoioaHiR ohb ocTaHOBHxoa h craxv 

M 4. Orxftn 1. 12 



178 PyCCKOJB BOrATCTBO. 

orJUiAiiBaTboa spyroirb. Eorxa owh OffOTB ^^HHyioa, a h TeHxpHKoeffb ^ 
cooEoqHiH Ha I6AI H 6iUH sacTOiBKO cqacTJiEBHt no BCaAUE OHJ 
lyjin B% rpyAB ra pasoroiiHiH nous 300 KerpoBi h sasi pasi b% 
Ty KHHyiy, Kor^a oirb xorkjcb yAaxHiBOfl. 

Mu Bce nparoTOBxaeirb lenepB kt> shmI h osHAaoHOMy nanopy 
xbjsfiB'h. CeroAHfl noojii o&bfliBk v u noABflu pyxB. IIpeKpaoEaa noro^a, 
HO xoioAHO; B'b 8 ^acoBi Be?6pa — 18* C. 

PesyiBiaTOM'B oeroxHflniHHXi ESciiAOBaHift 6wlo OTRpiirie, qro 
y Hacx Ha cyAHi Bce en^e ogtb uohh. Ho a npaBo He SHan Easi 

HaiTB 6opOTBOH (TB dTHMl; y BWh (SOJIBine BilTb napa E Mil QOdTOKy 
AOJUKHil B03JI0SHTB Bci GBOH EaAeSW^ Ha XOIOAB- fifiXBiQR% COSHaTBOH, 

^TO aro OTKpuTie npocio ji,i3L3en> uema. 6o2BHHirB. Egjih biohh iipo- 

HHBHyrB BB HamH SHMHiH myfiU, to ]S,iJLO 6yAeTB COBCtlCB 6eZSLHr 

AesHO. Ha oi^ATDmee yxpo nodTOMy hu saHHJiHCB renepaiBHOD 
HHCTKoit no BciMB npaBHjrairB canoS oiporoft aHrnoeiiTHEH. KaXAOny 
CujLo npeAOHcaHo chhtb Bce oboo crapoe uaTBe, xopomeHBEo bu- 

MBLTBCfl ei> HOrB AO FOJIOBU H OfijiaiETBCa BO BCO HOBOe, BCO S6 

crapoe niaTte; mAxobuh oAlua h Apyrie npeAMexa 6Eua BSHeoeHH 
ocToposHo Ha najqf6y h ociaBienu xairb Ha bod dHMy. dio 6huio 
(iojLLine, niM.% 8th HaciKOMUfl Morjui bhh6ctb; 58* C osasasooB 
cjraniROirB mhofo ji^sl hex'b, TaKB mo lui EionoBB Goxbme ne BHAau- 

HiiTHEi^a 6-ro 0KTfl6pa. Xoaoab ao 24* C HHse Hyia. CeroAoa 
Mu Ha^aJiH yoraHaBAHBaTb B^TpHHyK) KexBEHi^y. 

TaRx KaEB co6a]LH HoryrB saMepsHyTB^ eciH ooraBHiB hxb 668B 
BOflKaro ABHsema, to mu h piniHAH caroAna noojcb o6ijifik OTsasaTB 
HX'B H noiipo6oBaTB, MosoMB jiH MM HXB xasB ooTaBHTB. PasyMioToa, 
owk TOTcucB He saTiaiH jspjirh ci ApyroMB Apasy h HtsoToptia h3b 
OTEXB 6t}paiTb cosAanift, npaxpaMUBaa, yAaJiHJiHOB cb nojui 6htbb, 
HCKyoaHHua h Hci^apanaHHua. Boo6iue se bb oo6a^eMB jiarepjb i(ap- 
CTBOBaia BexH^aftmaa pi^ooTb; oo6aKa npuraiH, Ciraia h Capaxra- 
jiHOB BB cHiry. Be^epoMB — ^BexHKOjr&OHoe cisepHoe oiaaie. 

Cy66oTa 7-ro 0KTa6pa. Bce Tasolt se xoj[oab, Ba»B h bb npcAB- 
HAynue ash, hph ciBopaoMB BiTpi. Boioob, no nacB yHocHTB xe- 
nepB KB K>ry: sa nicsojubKO ahoA ao axoro mu HaxoAH^nicB, no Ha- 
HiHMB Ha6j(DAeHiaMB, noAB 78M7' c^b. mEpoTH. HxasB, Meaie q%MB 
BB EOAiJiH), MU noABEHyjiHCB Ha 16^ El Dry, 9T0 ojmmKOMB MHoro! 
Ho MH 8T0 onaxB EaBepcTacMB, mu aojureu eate fla ctsepB. 9to 
SEa^ETB, «iTo MU OEa^ajia yAaiEiECB otb poAHSU, a saTtMB 6yAeMB 
npsfijiHsaTLca sb aefi. 

KaRaa saxBaxuBanii^aa KpacoTa h bb toso speMa (iesKOEe^Haa 
rpycTB saEXD^aiDTca bb btexb BeqepaxB, osapcHHUXB KauiMB to 
MevraxejirBSHMB 6xecR0MB. Hc^esEyBQiee cojrai^e ooraBEio nocji^b ce6a 
MejiaHxojiH^ecRifi orHBHsufi ca'&a^. MysuRa npapoAU, sanojuiaDn^aa 
Bce npocxpaflCTBO, nponsTaEa tocroA, noxoMy no Boa 8xa Rpacoxa 

H30 AHa BB AOEB, H3B SeAtJUE BB HOA^JIK), flSB TOAa BB FOAB I^^p- 

cTBYexB saAB MepxBUMB MipoMB. Ho no^eny? CoJKEi^e cRpuBaex'ca 



CPBAH HOW H AAA. 17^ 

TEKse H 7 HacB na poxHsi. Mhgib 8Ta npsA^ori btomj spiun^f 
vb KOHxi rxasax'B eme 6ojiBniyi> i^hj e SHaieme. 

Ha saii]^ spoBaBO-spaoHoe luaicA pi3Ko OTAiueiofl on xojioa- 
Haro OHira. E noAyiniTb tojibso, ^o 8to Hope leaepL saKOsaHHoe 
Bi qliiH, H ^TO oojiHQ;e sao:b CKopo nosHHorL h hu ooraEevofl bo 
KpsjA, oiHHl <3eicxa (Ssuia nyoTHHHa h H6B08A^aHva>. He sro jie 
«CTB Mope dyAyn^iro? 

BocKpeoeHBe, 8-ro 0KTfl6pfl. HpeKpacHaii noroAa, coBepmui no- 
isWKy Ki sasa^y Ha xiisaxi» bi> conpoBoaiAeHiH Bcixi oo6aK%. 
noi3AKa6HJiaHicKoiBSo BaTpyAiexa cojieHOD bo^oA, npooa^HsaDii^eftQii 
repeal cwirb na noBopxHooTB luoosaro HOBoofipasosaHHaro j&A&f 
nepeifexaBmaroofl ci HepoBHiiME rjotifiaiiH 6ojr6e oiaparo upoHcxo- 
MpflJOB. SL npHoin na cairoBOft Ky^i, MesAy Tiirb Kasi oo6asH 
rbouiHCB Eo MHt, ^To6u fl HTB noriaAHJTb. rji[a3i6jiysffarbno6ou- 
inofi, 6e3KOHe^iolt, yeAHseHHoft paBSHri; HH^ero Kpovi cntca, spy- 
rom esknl 

CeroAHflmflui saSwAeaifl nopaauH Haci o^eab HenpiflTHo: hh 
enycTsiHCb yse ao TS*" 35* oiB. mnpoTU. Oaeaso otiiaoHeflie lyn 
AOBOJibHo npocTO, eoxH npHHflTb BO BHvxaHie cisepHue h oiBepo- 
sa&aAHHe Biipa, rooaoAOTBOBaBinie bi nooitAHee Bpeifa, h OTKpii- 
Toe nope He^axeKo orb Haoi si lory. RaKb toibko Boe saMepsHeTb, 

MH AOJSBH CjJlfiWb CHOBa ABHHyTbCa Ha OtBOp-b, 8T0 HeOOKHlHflO; 

ho BO BCflKoiTb ciy^at nojiosoHie HenpkTHOe. SI Haxosy niROTopoe 
yrtmenie bi tomi ^asii, mo Hacb xBHraerb HicsoABKO k'b bocto- 
Ky, TaKi ^TO mi bo BcaKOH'b cjyqat ABHraeiicfl ao Btipy h Haoi* 
ae noxa^Hio bhhsi b% saas^HOHi HanpaBJieHiH. 

HoHeA'iJibHHS'B, 9-ro 0RTfl6pfl. SI uxopaAHTB BCJD HOHb. Borb 
BicTb, ^To osHaqaerb eia nejiinocTb! 

KorAa a ceroAHfl yipoMi AOCTaBaxx npo6u boau, to B^pyrb 8a- 
MiTHJTb, TTO ^epnasi ooraHOBHJicfl Ha rjiy6HHi hAcsoxbro Menie 

ISOMOTpOB-b. Offb, A^ftOTBHTeJIbHO, SaGTpflJTb HaAHt. dHaUTb MH OHOBa 

HonaiH K'b Dry, na Kejiaoe ir&OTO. 

OcTaBHBl HE HiCEOJibKO UHHyTb JIOTb Ha AH^i Mil CTaiH TIBfliklh 

Ha BopeBKy, KoropyH) B'b 8to HrnoBeHie noTanyjio bi oisepy. dro 
6vao BO BOflKOM'b cjiy^at cjiafiuMX yiimeHieM'b. HoojA o6i^AA — mi 
xasi) pasi Bi 8T0 apeMfl hht^vb ho 6iuh saHHTH h npooro 6e6i- 
AOBajLH — BApyrb pasAaicfl orjiymaTejiLHufi rpoxoii h boo cyAHo aa- 
Aposiio. 3to 6iurb nepBut HaTHCKB JibAa. Ma BiifilaEaiH na naiyfiy. 

Fram Aopsaicfl npeBooxoAHo, saa'b a n osnAan orb Hero. JIoai* 
OABHrajicH, He npeKpan^afl AaBieaifl, ho AOJtaeai fisun* HanpaBUTbCH 
noAi* cyAHO, KOTopoe MOAJieHHO noAHHHajiioob na Bepx'b. 9th HaAaBn-* 
BaHifl noBTopfliincb HicBOJibKO pasi bi Te^eniH Boero nocjAo6iAOH- 
Haro fipoMeHH h HHorAa fiiiBaJiH nacTOJibKO OHJibHsi, ^o Fram hoahh- 
Maicfl ABHseHieui Jihx2k na HtcKOJibKO ^yrb; ho bi TaKHxi anyqaflxi 
iEOA'b He MOFL AOJiro oAepsHBaib oyAHo h pasjiaMfiiBaJicH noAi hemi. 

K'b 66?epy JieA'b cnoBa pasomeACH, laK'b ^to itu o^yraJiHOb h& 

12* 



180 PyCCEOB BOrATGTBO. 

noBepxHOGTH AOBOXBSO 6oiBmoro npocxpaHCTBa OTsporoft Bojpi. Mk 
nocirlmjUH npHspiiiHTb oBoe ojxho n crapot shunvA. IIOBH^ituioHy, 

JTOAl SJ^iOB HaXOABTCfl Vb OUBHOITB ABHX6HiH. Ileffepi TOJILKO ^<y 

pasoKasan Ham, ^xo owh HeAaieso orcDAa oiHmajrB rxyxol Tpecsi, 
ofipasyeicHft OHJObmiicb saaopoirB AAa. 

BropHHiffB, lO-ro 0KTfl6pa. BoneHie bo Xhjsj npoAOJisaeroa. 

Cpexa, ll-ro 0KTje(6pff. CeroxHs nooii o(%Aa mh ysHan ne- 
qaiBHyK) hobootb, ^to <rio(Si> (oo6aKa) H3AOX*B;.ero paaopBan xpy- 
rifl oo6aRH. Ero ipyiTB Hamn vh nopffAo^HoiTB oTAajteaiH otl sopafiu. 
€3yrr6Hi» OToposua ero lasi, ^no HExaKaa xpjvas. ootiasa se ho- 
rxa K'B Heny npHtinsHTbCfl. 

diH co6axH 6oj[Bmifl 8a6iflKH; ;(Hfl ne npoxo^^Hn 663i tiHTBH. 
^oHi o6uKH0BeHHo KTO HH6yj(B H8i> HacB HaxoAHTCfl no fimSOOTH, 
^To6i» npeRpaTHTB APftBy* HO HOqB piAKO npoxoAHTB 063% Toro, ^TO- 
6u oHH He HanaiH Ha OAHoro hsi cbohxi TOBapHmeft h He HCRyoaxv 
ero. BiAHUlt cBappafiacrB* noqiH noiepHjrb pascyAOKi otb crpaxa; 
ovb lenepB ooraeTOH Ha oyAHi, He pimaflOB cnyciHTBcs na xeA'B, 
Taai Ras'B sHaen, vro ocTaiBHiu co6asH TOT^aci se HaSpocflrcH 
Ha Hero. Hh tAjifik pui^apoKHX'B ^yBOTBB ne saiiiTHo vb bthx'b ncaxB 

H eOlH r^t npOHCXOAHTB 6HTBa, TO BOH cBopa, to^ho AHKie BBipH, 

Ha6paouBaeToa na nofitexeHHaro. Ho, 6utb Mosen, TaROffB ysi sa- 
ROHi npHpoAH, "vtoiu san^HTa oRasHBajacB CKJEBHOHy, a ne cjiafioMy? 
BUTB HOxeTB HH, lOjiOBi^'iecKiH oyn^ecTBa, A^ftoTByeaii, hhohho, Ha- 
nepeRopi npHpoA^, pikjisa. Bce bosmoshoo, cretin san^HTHTb oiafiaro 
H coxpaHHTB eny shshb? 

JleA'B H6 onoRoeHB H oeroAHH hu cHOBa noABeprincB aobojebho 
cHjEBHOHy Hanopy. Ha^HHaeiCH (r& loro, ^o cjnnDHTCH jterRit ipecRi 
H CTOHi, HoereneHHO yoHnBaDntiltcfl h nepexoAanutt ^epesrb Boioiy 
rbHRH SByROBi; cjnimeH'B BUooRifi saio(>Huft 3ByRi, hotohi rpoxon 
H HaROHOi^ BopnaHie, nocjd ROToparo cyAHO aa^HHaerL noAHHMaTBCH. 
niyHi Bce ycHjiHBaeTOH, noRa ne ynoAo6HTOH TpyCHBnrL sByRaMi Ra- 
Roro HH6yAB opraaa, oyAHo aP^shtb h inaTaeTca h noAHHaeicH hjeh 
cRauaKH wsR se MeAxoHHO h HocreneHHo. Mii HcnnniBaeHi npior- 
Hoe ycnoROHTejuBHoe ^ynoTBo, npHCJiymnBaacB k% arOHy myHy h 
yRptniflflCB Bi cosHaniH Hpo^HooxH Hamero cyAHa. ^yroe oyAHO 
AaBHO yse fiiuo 6el pasAaBieno. Ho joai^ pasAanuBaeTCH o 6oRa 
Hamero oyAHa n paonaBmifloa jibahhh Ry^iaHH npoABHrauTca hoa'b 
Rp&nRii HeyflSBHHfiifl Ropoyci cyAHa h oho horohtoh na hhxi ^o«o 
Ha RpoBaTH; Bai^Hi Hajio no Haiy myMii saTHxaen, cyAHO oaycRaercH 
Bi cBoe npeasnee HOJoseme^H onflXB HacTynaen THnmaa. 

J[eAi» HarpoMOSAHscfl bo hhofhx'b Hiciaxi RpyroHi nacrb h bs 
OAHOMi uioTi ay w AociHTjia a^uko sHaureiBHofi bucotu. R-b Be^epy 
xeA% onaTB. pasABHHyjroa h hu cHOBa o^ynjiHCB wb 6osbmoirb ot* 
RpuTOHi npoorpaHorot boah. 

^eiBeprb, 12-ro 0RTfl6pfl. yTpoH'B mh houibuih, BHtori ci bbt- 
met JEBAHHoft, no rojiyfiot boa^, noopoAH fionmoft OTRpuroft RaHaas^ 



CPBAH HO^H H JIBAA. 181 

paenpoerpaHflDmetofl aubko kii oiBepy, si tohj Mtory, r^b ropH- 
80HTE iipeAOTaBJU[j»» yase TeiiHorojEyfimcB. HaoKOJiBKO xn Hom pas- 

OEOTp&TB HBl fiOlKH, IipH nOVOniH HaXeHLKOt IIOASOpHOft TpySH, OT- 

BpiiToe npocTpasoTBo boak sssaxooB tiesKOHa^HHirB n toibso teitbh 
cflMi nxaBan oTAtiBHHe syoKH XB^a. 8to 6hio ooBoiirb ysi Heofitis- 
HOB^rao. 

SI 6wrb vh HepbnHMooTH: ho nparoroBJuiTBCfl m yse k'b Tony, 
"iTodH HATH A&A^e noAB HEpaMH? Ho MU A^kBHo yxe npHCTynHiH s% 
pasCopBi HamHHfl bi BHxy bhmh, TaKi ^ro noH2^o6HiocB 6ii xo- 
RonHo npoAOJUKHTejBHoe Bpeica, Tro6H CHOBa oofipaTb ee. Bhtb no- 
sen j^qme ho ToponHTboa. 

floHaa oone^Haa noroAa, npoKpaoHHt asHBHreJiKBHuft SHMHiftAeHB, 

HO BOe TOTB 86 (AsepHHft BiXOpi. BpOOaiH lOTB H HaBUH 90 MOT- 

poBi rjiy6BHH. Haci HOAJieHHo ynocHTb Kb Dry. K'B BO^epy xeji^B 
CHOBa craix cABHraTECfl ci 6oxbmmn> myHOirb, ho Fram yxepsaioa 
Ha oBoeHi Micrt. Uoexi o6ixa a 8a6pocHxi MuppeeBosyi) mejn&o- 
Byx) ciTB*) Ha riy<^HHy npH6j[H3HTejiBHo bi 50 MerpoBi h saioBHn 
KHoro MaieHBRHxi paROo6pa3HHxi> SHBOTHHxx H vaiOHBEaro apsTH^e- 
cEaro ^epBH (Spadella), maBaniij^aro vb Hopt. 

JIOBHTB pH6y TyTB Heo6HSHOBeHHO TpyAHO. EftSa HaXOAHIH MU 

KaKoe HH6yAB OTsepcrle bo iB^y, ^to6h cnycTHib vb Hero BepeBKy, 
Kasi xe^B TOT^aoi* se nauHarB OABHraTBca h na^o 6£uo bosmosho 
cKopto BHTacKHBaTB BopoBKy, TaKi KaK'B HHa^o 66 MOFio yn^exHTB 
MOSAy uABHaxH H TOFAa BC6 nponaxo. 8to sajotB, TaKi xasi tyrB 
HOSHO 6hjio 6u OA^^aiB BHTepecHHi yiOBB. Fa^ toibko oyn^ecTByerB 
MajcUbnee OTBepoxie bo iBAy, lairB hosho bha^^tb $oc4»opeci^eHqiK)**) 
BOAu; BOo6n^e bji^cb bobco Htrb xaKoro HeAOcraiKa shbothoA shbhh, 
Karb BTO hosho 6ujio 6u osHAaiB. 

IlflTHHi^a, 18 0KTH6pH. Bb HacTOsn^ee Bpeim mu naxoAHVCfl saK^ 
pasib B-h TasHX'B ycjcoBiflxi, KaRHHH Hacx seJiau HanyraTs pasn^- 
HU6 npopoKH: leAi AaBHTB h cABHraeroa KpynoM'B nacB, npOHSBOAH 
cTpamHufi rpoxoTB. Owb HarpoMosAaeToa b% bha& aihhhhxb ct&h'b 
H KyvB, no^H AocTHraDo^HX'B BsicoTii TaKOiasa Fram. JleAi nanpfl- 
raerb Bct yoHxifl, ^toOu pacTepeiB Fram B7> nopomoxx. Mm, OAHaso, 
cHAHurB cnoKofiHo Bi saioTaxB H A&se ne noAHHHae.MOH na Bopxi na 
naj[y(Sy, ^to6h BarjiflHyTB hto A^JtaeTCfl, npoAoxauiH tieoiAOBaTB Easi 
HH Vb qeui HO 6uBaxo. 

B^epa BO^epoMi nania npesHAH «co6a^BH iBAHHa noAeepnacB 
oTpamHOHy nanopy. JIoa'b narpoMOSAHioH BHme caMofi bhcokoB Bop- 
xymKH 8T0S jiBAHHH H ofipyniHJica na nee. 8x0 naHB HcnopTnio ko- 



*) 3Ta mexBOBafl c^tb bi bha^ M'kmjsA vrysBETb a^a jeobhh SHBUz'b 
SHBOTBUZ'b H paCTHTeiBBKZ'b OpraHHBMOB'B Ha passH^HHrB rj[y6HHaz'i>. Bo Bpe- 
ufl Bamero njiasaHia mh nocTOflHHO ynoTpeOjEflHH sry c^Tsy Ha ^BSJUNSHTb 
rjiyGHHazi h vaoTO AOCTasaJin npH efi hohoh^h 6oraTyK) AO^uvy. 

**) 9Ta (t)oc$opeci^eHi^ifl BusHBaexcfl no npeHMyn^ecTDy npHcyTCTBidm b-b 
BOA'b MaaeHBRHrb cB^Tan^HZCfi paicooCpasHUz^ 



182 P7CCK0B BOFATCTBO. 

joxesB^ Hsi xoToparo mh jsfl citb nop'B AccraBan xopomyn boaj jifm 
HBTxa, TBEii KHXi OBI BanojiBHJicfl cojieHot BCjsfii. SaTlMi BCfl era 
rpy;ta cfpyniBJiacB Ba bsdh JieflSBOft HKopB, yAepBHBann^itt xopii;, 
H Ha ^acTB CTajiBHoro Tpoca h TaxrE ooHOBaTeiBio sacunaia HrB^ 
HTO vzi xojbbbhCiue noTOM'B 0TP76HTB xa6eiL. Jle;^ saounajnbTaEse 
HaoiH AOCEH H caHH, cTOflBmifl Ba JIBA7. BcKopi nocxiToro BamH ootfasi 
noABeprjBBCB onacHooTH h BaiTeHHOicy opHiniocB pa86yAHTB aecb 
asEnasi oyjpra, ^to6u cnacn cofiaKi. B^ rohi^ kohi^ob'b UAHHa 
pacKOJiojacB. 

GeroAHs yrpoiTB oom^e ooBixHJO rpycTKyn KaprHBPf xaooa sbjifiwh. 
KpyrcMii HacTB^ BarpoMosAHUCB BucoKia xpyTHs JEeAflBua crtHU. 
XoTfl jiBi Kan paai BaxoAHUCB sa py($e»6 cHAHiflmaro AaBxeHui, 
HO Ki yAHBjreHix) nonjiaTBiHCS toabko noTepen JieAflHoro flKopa, Kyoxa 
oraiBHoro rpcca, h^ckojibkhx'b aocokl r [jvpjnTb AepeBHBHsx'B npoA- 
uerovb, a Taxxe oojEOBVHcft caMo^ACEBxi casefi. jll^a h eio Bce hu 
MorjiH 6u coxpaBHTB, ecjiH 611 Bo Bpeiffl 06% eroMi nosafioTHjrHCB. Ho 
XDAH oAiJuaiBCB Taxi paBEOAyiBBu vb AaBJieBiD ABAa, vto xaxoft 6u 
rpoxoTi BH pasxaBaicji, hhkto Asse bo noTpoBOSBTOH bhAth na na- 
jry6y, nnoCu nocMOTpiiB, hto A'^&^TCfl* Bc4 ^yscTByDTB, hto cyAHO 
Moseii BHAepxaTB aro ASBJieBie h noaxoHy He^ero 6e8noxoETLCfl. 

YTpcHx A&Bj[eBie cBOBa yMeHBmHiocB h cxopo mu oiutb o^yrB- 
ncB, xax'B B^epa, na noBepxHooTB fiojiBmoro npocTpaHOTBa boau. Ce- 
roABH 8T0 OTxpiiToe npocTpaHOTBo eme yBem^BAOCB xi oinepy, ta^ 
TOMBut ropflsoBTB 00 BpesBOHy yxaBiiBaAii Ba jifiOhwbimee pacnpo- 
oTpaHeHie OTxpHiaro npocTpaBCTsa boan. 

ToFAa H OTABJi'B npflxasaHie CHOBa co6paTB HanniHy, tto, xax'B HEt 
oxasajiH, uoTJio 6htb cAiiano vb nojiTopa, hhofo ABa ahh. Mu aojishh 
OTnpaBBTBCH xiciBepy e nocHOTpisB, rAi tbitb CBo($OABHtt npoxoAi>. 
A Aonycxa^, ^to Taii'B BaxoABTCE rpaBBi^a xesAy nioBy^BUii ibaohi 
Vb KOTopufi nonaja «X;aHBeTTa> e tod leABEox) rjKu6oft, n xoto<- 
pox) HU TenepB muBeni* e'b Dry; hjie, 6utb Hoxen, laMi EaxoABTCJi 
BeHjra? 

Mu AocraToqQo AOJiro saxoAHJiBCB bii o6n^ecTBi OTapofi, TenepB 
yxe paspynieBEoA jubabbu e noBTOHy, nocii oMa^) nocTapaxEcs 
EOABHByTB BBHie cyABO ESHHoro EasaAX, Tax^ xax'B jioAB cTan* ohhtb 
oABHraTicH. Kii Be^epy AaBJieBie BoaofiBOBBjrocB BOxpyrB octbtbobx 
samett npesxefi jibabbu e bt» raxofi CTeneBB, ^to, no Hoevy MEi- 

EiD, HU AOJUKEU 6UJIE n08ApaBHTB Ce6fl Cl TiHl, ^TO nOXBEyJKE 66. 

O^esBABo, ABBJieBle jtbaob'b xaxoABTca sa^cb fb cbese (tb boieod 
HpHJUEBa B, 6uTB HosoTB, A&so BusuBaeTCfl eD. Obo HaoTynajio cs 
saniqaTeJiBHOD npasBJiBHOOTBD: ABa pasa vb cyrxE jiica'b pacxoAEJiofl 
H ABa pasa exBETajLOB. Hanop'B jibab, o6uxBOBeBBO, sa^BEajicE okojo 
4, 5 fl 6 yTpa E BOscfBOBJUiJicfl xax'B pasi vb Ti se caHU6 qaou 
nocjii o6iAA; Bi npoHeaxyTX'l hu ocTaBajiECB aoboibeo AOiroe BpoHE 

Ha nOBOpXEOCTE OTXpUTOfl BOAU. 

OieflB OEJIBEOe A&BJI0Hi6 Bl* AftHEyD HEByry, BipOflTEO, EBUeTOfl 



CPBAH HO^H H Xhf,lL. 183 

XMByjoraTOirB nouaro npuEBs; 9-ro, vb nepBEii aoh& A&Bxemfl, y 
Msffb 6wL0 HOBorfHie. Mu o^yrHjra 8to ^^aBJieHie bi totl jifivb tot- 
^acB noort o6tAa h saTiM'B ci saawiiM i jsfiQWb oho Haoryaajio nos^- 
Hie; Bi^ HacToamee Bpevs AaBiesie Haorymuo bi 8 ^acoBi se^epa. 
Teopifl, oraBiimaa ;^iBieHie ibaobi b% dHa^mrejBHOft oreneHH vh 
saBHOHMOcrB OTB BOJDiu npHAHBa, hIgkoibko paax yse BuoKasHBaxaoB 
apsnraecRHMR H3<Mrtjii[0BaTeJUMH. Bi to Bpeiur, Kor^a Fram jBJieEaio 
TOTOHieiix, KH BMiiE ojEj^aft Hsy^BTB BTO ABJieHie KBote jy^me, ^itb 
tfoxBinsHOTBo HSOutd^oBaTOJiet, H HaniH Ha6j[io;(eHiA Boojrai no^TBeps- 
xaDTB, vro npuHBi sa SHa^qfHTeJBHOirb npocTpaHCTfffc BusuBaerB abh- 
seHie H Banopi iB^a; bto cjiyqaoTCff, HMeHHo, bo Bpeica noiHaro npn- 
jTHBa R o6HapysHBaeTca msbwbe npn HOBOJiyHiH, Hesem npH nojiHo- 
jrysiB. B'b Te^qieHiH npoMexyTO^iHHrB nepioAOBi j^aBieme iBAa o6ki- 
KioBOHHO oioHB cjia6o HJiH ;^ase hotth ho jSfi^Tb ce6fl ^yBOTBOBaiB; 
npHTOiTB se Vb Te^OHiH EHinero luaBaHia mh ho boo BpeMfl noffBop- 
rajiEOB dTOMy AftBiemD. Oho ji^mtao oe6fl nyBCTBOBaTB iipeHMyni[e- 
CTBeHHo ooeHBH), Eor^^a UH HaxoAHiHCB b6ih3h oTspuraro HOpH^ Vb 
ciBepy OTB Ch6hph, h Bib nooJcbj^Ae foaei aROiieAHqiH, xorAa Eram 
BpH6nsaj[Cfl icb AiJiaHTHHecKOuy OKeany, nanopB JSBZta Ceije'b uenie 
saHiTeH'b, Rorjua mu naxoAHJiHCB bi noupnoiTB 6aGceflHi. Tan a^b- 
leme HaoTysajio HenpaBHiBHo h BussBaiocB rjaBHHiTB oCpasoiTB 

BiTpOlTB, KOTOpHl rOHHTB lOA'B. EOJH npeACTaBHTB COtii, TTO ipoHaA- 

HiUE JieAflHSfl MaocK, ABRraDntiflCfl vb HSBiioTHOirB HanpaBJieHiH, Ha- 
TajiKHBaiOTGfl BHesaiiHO Ha npeiiHTCTfiiH, nanp., na APynfl JieAflHUH 
MaccH, xoTopfiifl BcxtACTBie nepeiiiHH Birpa b'b 6oiie ejih Menie 
OTffajreHHoft ofijaoTH ABHranTOH b'b npoTHBonojiosHoirB HanpaBjeHur, 
TO CTaHOBHToa jcenco noHHTHmfB, ^9to aojokho npoESoiTH otpaniHoe 
AaBiOHie, e Taxafl 6opB6a MezAy JieAEHUME MaooavE fiesi coME^HiE 
npoAoraBiEeTB BemHocTBOEEoe sp!&j[Eni[e. ^yBOTByeroa opHoyTCTBie 
TETaHE^ecKExi OEn E SE^ero H^TB yAEBETeiBsaro, ^lo po6Kie ymi 
HyraDTeE e EonsTUBaDTB on^yn^eHie Kas^b 6yAT0 mnro eo moxcotb 
yoTOETB npoTEB'b paspymETOiBEaro AlflcTBiH 8texi> chjts; tIitb 6o« 
jrte, ^0 Kor^a JOAEEfiifl Maocu HaqsEanrB OABEraxBCE, to A^iicTBE* 
TenEO EaxeTCE) ^o boe eobopxeoctb somjie AOJisEa epexoaetb otb 
OToro Wb ooAporaEie. 

Bi jreAflsoft nyoTEiEi npexAe Bcero ojiumsTCE myHi^, EaaoME- 
sannpft rpoxoTB OT^ajieHEaro seiueTpflceHifl; rpoxoTB btotb oiaEo- 
BETCE Bce 6sELmd E dmse e pasAaoToa bi ff6cE0flBEEX'L Micraxi. 

JBeBMOJIBEHfi JieAEEOft Uipi* EanOISEeTCE BTEirb rpOXOTOlTB, BOJIHRaEII 

npEpofffii npo6ysA&K)TCfl ki dETBi. Jle^B Ea^HsaeT^ jioMaTBoa Kpy- 
roiTb E rpoEosAETCfl ApyrB Ea Apyra, Tasob hto coBepmoEEO BEesaiiEo 

nOEaA&GlHB Wb CaHHfi qOETpX 6eTBK[. Co BCtX'E CTOpOEB CJIHEIETOf 

8aB£[BaEie e rpoxoT^; ^yBCTByoTCE, KaKi jioa'b aposetb e TpengiTB 
noAi* EoraEB, eefaI^ virb doroe. Bi nojiyiBMi bhahu bgo npH6jE- 
saDEQECE BUCORifl JieAESHE u^bun^ rpoMOSAEE^flOE APyi^ Ha APyra 
H o6pyniBBaK)npflCE. JIbaeeh tojiii^heok) bx 3, 4 e 5 HexpoB'b j[0- 



184 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

HaDTCfl E noAfipaoHBaDTCfl, TOiMO OHi jiersH KEK-B nepo. OnA hexbh- 
raDTCfl laKi (Sjebeo, ?to hexo 6isaTB| 9To6h onaoTH cbod zhsib; 
HO BOTB BHesaiiHO xeffB pasABHraerofl r sepe;^ Haiu orspHBaercs 
qepHaa 6e3AHa, hbi Koropoff ex myMOirb jcrpeiuuieicH BBepii BO^a. 
BpooaemBCfl vb ApyryD oTopoHy, ho bi xeicHorfc BceraKH mosho 8a- 
irbTHTB, ^0 h TjTb ;(BHraeT6H HOBtbi jieAHHaa criHa. IIpofijeinB^HXTa 
Bi j^pyrou'b HanpaBiemH, ho r Tain> Tose canoe. KpyroirB boo Tpe« 
moTL H rpozo^eTL, T09H0 ^AOBEH^Huft Bo^onax^, Kb KOTopoHj npv-- 
coeAEHHSTCfl BspiiBU, Hoxoslo Ha cajQDTEi HSi opj^ifl. Boo (iuxe H 
6nse HaABHraoTCfl joa'b. JTB^HHa, Ha ROTopot otonniB, oraHOBETCH 
Bce MeHBme h MeHBine; Ed's eoa'b hoh 6pH8xerB Bo^a. E^ehctboh- 

HHtt BHZOAI^ — 8T0 B0Rapa6KaTbOfl Ha ABETaX)miEOH MejiMEJEU TssAu 

E nepetfpaTbOE na Apyryi) cropony jieAflsofi MaooH. Ho BoneHie na- 
^EHaen yrflxaTb, rpoxorb oraHOBETCfl riyme e Majio no Maiy to- 
pEercE B^ajtE. 

Boe 8T0 npOECXO^HTl S^iCB, Ha AA^OKOITB CiBepi, H81 lftCflI];a HB 

vb vbDmi,%j E3:b ro^a B'b foa'b. Ae^b pacEaxHBaoTQE e rpoHOSAEToa 
KyqaHE, KOTOpufl paoEpocTpaEflK)TCfl no BirlM'b EanpaBiesiflX'B. Eorafi^ 
MOSHO 6buo o6o3piBaTB JieAflEUfl nou ci> bhcoth mnvsbaio noxera, 
TO oHi npoACTaBEJiECB 6ii TO^HO pasAtiesHHHE Ha KBaApaTH E no- 

RPHTUICE OtTBD OABEEyBniEZCfl BUiCrb JieAflflHXB I^nett EJE, KaR'B 
UU HrB Ha3UBaSE, nJIOTESls TaiCB SaKl BTS I^HE CBOHHI BEAOHl Ha« 

noHEsajTH HaM'B noEpuTUE csiron ejotehh nameft poaeeh, yno« 
TpefijuieKziE bo mhofhx'b MicTax^ fl,Jta. sarpasAOEiH noxefi. 

Ha nepBiiS BsriEAi* EasercE, 6yAT0 bte d^he, BiisBaHHHH Aarae- 
HioMi iBAa,-paonpooTpaHfli)Toa bo Boix'B EanpaBieHiaxii. Hpa 6oaiie 
se SiESROH'B EsciiAOBaEiE Msi noRasaxooB, ^to oeI Eir&nTB onpe- 
A^ieHHoe HanpaBieHie h ehoseo haytb eoai npniniHi yraoiTB kb 
EanpaBJieHix) AaBieHk iBAa* ROTopoxy o6fl3aHH cboem^ npoEOXOSAe- 

HiOMl. 

B'b otqeTaxii o6i apRTE^ecRExi BRonoAEiiiEX'B ^aoro mosho Borpi- 
TETB onEcaEie ropsuxB i^nefi e xoimob'b, BOaHERntEX'B BCJU^A^'TBie 
AaBieniE h AOCTEraion^EX'B ao 15 MOTpoBi bucotu. Bce 8to cRasRE. 
ABTopu noAo6sHXi l^aHTacTH^ecRHX'B onEcamfl, naBipHoe, ne Aam oe6t 
TpyAa ESMipETB BHCOTy dTEX'B xoiMOBi. B'B Te^oHle BceroBpoMeEE Ea* 
mero niasaHiE bo j[BAaxx s crpaHCTBOBaHiE no jieAEmurB noxEMi a 

TOJIBRO pasi BEAtl^ JieAEHOfi XOJnTB, 60jAe^ qiVB- Wb comb MOTpOffB BH- 
BIBHUf. Kli COSaJftHJK), fl EO EM^JTB B08H0SS0GTE E3MipETB CFO, HO 

sojiaraK), ^o BucoTa ero 6iij[a npE6j[E3ETeJiBE0 oroxo 9-te MerpoBi. 

Bci CaMHE BKCORlfl rJIU5H, ECTOpHE MEI CJIJ^iaiOOB ESMipflTB — a Ta- 

KfiTb 6kjlo HO Majio — He npeBiimajiE 5V» — 7 MerpoB'B, e a Mory ci 
jB'bpeHHocTBK) yxBepsAaiB, tto CABBraEie MopcRoro iBAa ao bhcoth 

6-HE MeTpOBli COCTaBJDTflerB JIEmB ptAROe EORJUOVEOEie *). 



*) MspKreM-B Bi) CBoeMi o-meTfe roBOpHTb, tto ki cteepy oti boiuh TpH- 
Hejiii owb BeTp'l^qaa'b je^flHue xooum bucotch) B'b 18 MeTpOBi* il jij^ieKo He 



CPEAH HOU a JIBA^. 185 

CytkJoTa, 14 onadpfl. CeroAHfl uh oaoBa nocTaBan aa iribero 
pyju. Mamaaa no^TaFB nopajo^Kt,* a uh fotobh ABaayrBoa Kb oiaepy, 
Kasi Tonao Jieji oxspoerca paao noyrpy. Jle;^ Honpexaeiiy npa- 
RflUbao oABaraerca a pasABaraerca ABa pasa vb aohb, Tasi tto mh 
jftoseai sapaaie pac?BTiiBaTb. Ceroaa kh Taaase Baaixan totb ace 
caMHt OTBpuTHt Kaaan Kb eiaepy a ffioie, aaoaoAso xsaiaeTB 
rjaasi, oTRpuroe nope. ?to6h bto jaorjio oeaa^TB? 

CeroAaa BO^epoirb Aaaieaie jii^Aa 6ja3lo AOBOiBao oajiLBoe. JEbAaau 
rpOMosAanacB y 6aK6opAa a, aaaaiocB, roroBH 6ua o6pyniaTbea aa 
Fram^ ao Koa^auooB riwb, too xoai paoaaiUBaioa a yxoAajTB noAi» 
j^LO cyAaa, noAaaaaa ero. 

JleA^ ae o^eaB nioreai a ae MOxeTB npa^Haarb xaoro apoAa, 
BO oaia ero BceiaRB aaorAa rpoaaAaa. Besnpepuaao a^Baravrca 
HOBUfl aaocH a aainn lasol bbab, xaKB 6yAT0 aa^o ae aoserb 
npoTBBOCToaTB aM%; rbwb ae aeaie oai, aeAieaao a Bipao, paaia- 
icHBaDTca 6oRa cyAaa. Bi aaqToan^yi) aaayry (8Vfi ^aooBB ae^epa) 
Banopi, aasoaei^, npeKpaxajioa. Be^epi ob^tjcuA, oBepKanniia SBisAU 
a apaoe ciaepaoe oiaaie. 

EoFAa a Koa^ajti^nacaTB oBot AHeaaaa'B a, yiermaoB bb aoftay, 
Bsajii ^pBBBa <0 npoHOXoacAeaia BaA0BB> a ciaiB ^mraiB o 6opB(^ 
sa cyii](eoTBOBaaie, usb noojiHinaiocB BApyrB, hto eo6aKa, laa^ aa 
jiBAy, myaaTB 6oiie o6KKBOBeaaaro. JI spaaayji'B caAaapm'B bb ca- 
joai, TOodu ETo aadyAB nomeiB aaBepx'B a nooaorp&x'B, yacB ae 
MOAB^Aa la OTO aacTaajuiDTB oo6aKB xasB canao JiaaTB. CaoTB-raa- 
<^BB oinpaBBiGJi a, BepayBniacB^ ooo6niaiB, ^to, aaicB eay KasaiocB, 
OBB padrjuiA&iB bb Teaaoii aaaoro to 6oj[Bmoro 3Bipa.]|| 
— Tas-B noABTe a ytfeftie ero! 

GKOTTB-raaceax lOT^acB se nparoTOBaica BonouaTB npaxasaaie 
a BHiaeJiB bb oonpoBosAoaia en^e aioaojiBKBX'B leaoB'lKB. Ha na- 
lyGt, aaAB aoen roiOBOX), nporpeaixB BUOTpijiB, noroMB apf^'i ^' 
TiaB BKCTptoi (ud^Aoaau oabkb sa ]ifijTEan>f xaaB hto bi o6nieaB a 
axB aaoqaTajTB AeaaiB. 

loraaceaB a TeaApaKoeaB tfpocajiaoB BBasB, ^to6h saxBaTaiB no- 
^ojiBine naipoaoBB, a aaasajia aavB, tto .BBipB paaeaB, TaKB aasB 
crpamao puqarx, aesAy Tiai Eaai paaBnie oaa BBA'i^a tojkbro ae- 
onpeAiJueanyx) CojUBmya) ciposaTO-fii^yD aaocy, ABaraDn^yDoa bb 
Teaaorb okoao co6aRB. TenepB oaa piinajia coycraTBca aa jioab. 

Heraepo, oTnpaBaBinaxea lyAa, A^ioTBaTejaao aaouiH bb aeSon- 
moM'B OTAaaeaia aei^aiAa, paaeaaro AByaa BUOTpiJ^aaa. 9to 6wrb 
MOioAOfi BBipB, oiapHB se, B'i^poflTao^ aazoAHJica fa^ aa6yAb no 6j[a- 



Y6^siji,ewb Bi> TOMi, nro sto ho 6 huh aftc5eprH. 0;](HaEO, Gesi* coMH'bHiJi, mos- 
HO TaKKe ;^o^ycTHTB, ito CHHBHoe ;^aBJIeHle 3% cTopony MaxepHKa hjeh ^to hh- 
6yft,h noAo6Hoe Bussajio o6pa80BaHie xaRHi'L xoaMOB'b. Ha ocHOBaeiH Hamero 
onuTa fl, OAHSKO, ae Mory AonycTHib bobmoshoctb noflBJueHifl hxi bi OTspu* 

TOWb MOp^. 



186 PyCGKOB BOriTCTBO. 

BOCTfl, TaK^ Kan co6aKH Boe en^e npo^oJosaiH rpoMso laflTB. Bdk 
6euh yfiiiu^eHH, qro BHAin AByxB HexBiA^i^ h tto apti^* sBtps 
AOxseHi 6£n% Tasse TaaKOio pasevB. lorasceHt h TeHiflpHKoevB oih- 
maiH Bi OT^ajuBHiK ctohi, Korxa ohh bo Biopoft pasi OTapaBsnos 
Ha JieffB, hto6h Bsarb ocraBieHHUt hmh hosi. TpyiTB MOABiAS tot- 
^am se neperanpuni Ha cjxho h coApara oi Hero mKypy, npesA& 

^ITb OHl JOOiffB OKOieHJITB Ha MOpOSt. 

C766oTa, 15 osiHSpa. Ki Hanreicf jprBjeniD, jie^B, nooii ohib- 
Haro Hanopa, 6HBniaro ceroAKfl ho^bx), ho pasABHsyxoH e aaso h& 
6iuo npHSHaKOBX, jBasHBaDii^a'B Ha to, ^to ohi mototb pas^BH- 
HyxBOfl s% yrpy; mosaj t^itb y nac^ yse Bce 6fiuo fotobo ki xan- 
HifimeMy uasaHii). Kor^a nosffnie nosBHJnioB osHA&eioie npHsnam, 
H TOTiacB se oT^an npHRasaHie pasBOAHTB napH, a cairB, t^vb 
BpeiieHeirB, ornpaBHJioa Ha jioai^, hto6h nOHOKaTB oxtxoBi panenHxi^ 
B^qiepa sBipeft. A Hamejrb cjA^u ho tojlbko y6HTaro iiejpiAHi ho h 
Apyroro, 6oj[Bmeft BemraHCi, BtpoaTHO, caicKH, h eme tpotbhto SBi^pa, 

KOTOpilI, BipOHTHO, (sOXh TflSeJKO paHOHl E.TamHJKUI Ha Ba^HHll HorasB^ 

TaRX xaR'B OHi ooTaBHJiii no oefii mnpoRift RpoBaBuft oii^B. 

IIpottAH H^ROTopoe paaoTOHHie, a BononHHTB, ^o y MeHfl HtrB 

HHRaRHTB HHCTpyKeHTOBl, RpOMl COfiCTBeHHUXX pyKl, VOL TOFO, ^TTOSs 
npHBOIOHB yfiHTEIXB BB^^pOft; HOdTOMy H p'lmEai BepHyTBOfl Ha oy^Ho, 

vo6h AOoraiB opyAifl h bshtb oi oo6od noMOii^EEROBi. RpoHi Toro^ 
y MeHfl 6Eua en^e Gjia6afl naAezAa, ?to je^i vh aro Bpeva hosotb 
pasABHHyTECff, Taxi» ^To loi, BHioTO npecjiixoBaHifl aerhxi SB^pety 
nonniBeMi BMiort ci Fram Rib ciBepy. Ho aro c^acTBe savB h& 
6hj[o cysAOHo. 

H HaAiiTB jnisH h, bi conpoBoa^eHiH co6aRi e ffByx'B ^oioeIri 
Hdi namero BRnnasa, ornpaBnica bi hohorh sa wb^iA^^wh. Ha h^ro*' 
TopoH^ paaeroAHiH mh, RaRi pas'B, flanaiE na to Mtoro, fa^ xeABlA^ 
npoBOJTB Ho^B^ GTpaniHaa aio 6uj[a hohb ajui 6%AHaro SBlpfl! Sa^ob 
fl TaRze HamejTB ^Ajsfi cbmre. ^yBCTBO srjiooth hoboibho oxBaTHJO 
ueHfl npH MHciE, ^0 OHa OTopoaREJia Tyrb OBoero 6%AHaroy6ETaroAiTe- 
HHina. BcRopi noojrl Toro mei HaiRHyiEOB na Apyroe paaeHOe SHBOTHoe^ 
ROTopoe ci TpyAOHi Tan^HAocB eo jBAy. CiapaflCB yftxH otb naoi h 
He BHAE Apyroro EcxoAa, iieABiAi* 6pocEJiefl b'b He6ojrBiEoe oTBepcrie 
BO jDbAy E HupsyjrB bi BOAy. HoKa loi npHroiOBifliE neTin hsi^ 
RaEaTa, oo6aRH naniH na^iajE 6traTB BORpyrL OTBepcrifl, to^ho noicl- 
maHHHfl, E MH TOiBRO (TB TpyAOMB yAopsaifl ErB, nTofiii oeI se 6po- 
CEJIEOB Bi> BOAy BGJLiAi 3a MeABiAOMi. HaROHei^, neTJUfl y naoi fiBua 

rOTOBa, E ROFAa SBtpB OEHTB BBIEBipHyjI'B, TO MH Ea6pOCflJi[H OMy EeTJID 

Ha oAHy EB-B laiTB E nyoTHJUi eny nyai) vh rojoBy. Bb to apeME, 
RaRx HOE TOBapEn^E BOJTO^EiE sa cyAHO MOAHtAff) fl Eomeii no oJiiAy 
caMRE, HO BceTaRH He Hameji'B MOABiAHAH. BnpoqeM'B, a cRopo aoji* 
seHT» eiuii noBepnyTB, TaRi rbr-b^xot^jtb nocMOTplTB, e^^tb ih RaRsrB 
j[h6o fiiaronpiETEHX'B npESHaBOBii, eo yBEAin, tto jioa'b, RaRx pasi*. 



CPBAH HO'TO H JIBAA. 187 

Ri» TOMy BpeMemi, Kor;^ o6mHOBeHHo mu Bnpasi 6iUH pacursBaTb 
Ha TO, qro owb pasABneTCfl, cHosa cran FfcosojiBKo o^BHraTBCff. 

HOGJTI 06iAA HH Cb CEOTTB-raHOeHOM'b OHOBa OinpaBMHOB OTH- 

OKHBaiL MOABiAEi^- KaKi fl E osB^^ai'B, MH HanuDi yRasaHlfl, ^ro ona 
BOBBpan^aJiaoB e FbROTopoe Bpeua nuia no cjAjij, ocTaBXesEoiiy Tpy- 
nom efl A'^TesHma, Rorj^a ero boxorjih Ha oy^HO, ho saTbirB OHa 
noBopHyjia kb BocroKy, e lasi Kairb fiiuo tov ho, to khe norepaJiH ea 
OH'&A^ Ha BHOBB c;i[BEHyBmeMOfl iB^y. 

3totb »nB8oj^ OB HeABi;iflMH CTOHJTB HaMB noTopE AByx^B Go6aRi>: 
<HappE$aca> h €$oEca>. BipoflTHO, o6i oth oo6aBH yfiteajiE cb 
erb nepenyry, sor^a toxbko ^o noflBEioa moab^ab; mofjio 6iitb TaEse 

9T0 OHi 6lUE paHeHH, XOTH fl E HO SaMtTEIB HERaSEXB IipE8HaR0BB» 

noATBepxAaDnvxB 8to saRin^eHie. 

CeroAHH Be^epoMB jioab onoROOHB, xoth oroao 7 ^aooBB o^yn^a- 
xocB jiersoe A&BJBtdHie. 

IIOHeAilBHHRB, 16 0RTE6pH. JIOA'B GnOROOHB E HO COMRHyJIOH. Ha- 

6j[i)AeHUi 0TB 12 0RTfl6pa yRasuBaiOTB 78*^5' eiB. mEpsHti; mi ho 
nepeeiaeHB ABEraTBOfl rb Dry, Sto mosotb npHBOCTH bb or^aaHiet 
06a OirieAa BepnyjEHCB ceroAHH paHo yTpoMB. 

BTopHERB, 17 0RTfl6pfl. HeEpepuBHoe ABEsenie bo iBAy. Bb 
TeqeniH hohh jioai^ e'Iorouro pa8ABHHyjicfl;HaHlROTOpoMB paacroHsiE 
OTB oyAsa ooTaBajiacB doABmaa pacn^ejiEHa. BoRopi nocjrfc nojmo^n 
B08HHRJIO oqeHB oHJiBHoe jieAHHOo A^BieHie E iiesAy 11 h 12 naoauE 
yipa oniyn^aiCH CTpaniHEitt nanopB, ho nooii Toro A&BieHie oehtb 
HicRoiBRo ooj[a6ij[o. 

CpoAa, 18 ORTHfipfl. KorAa ceroAHfl yipoicB MereopoiorB loranoeHB 
ornpaBEjEOfl na naiy6y, ^to6k[ BarjflHyTB na TepMOMerpii, ohb saMii- 

TEIB, ^TO COfiaRE, npEBEBaHEUfl TOnOpB Ha CyAHi, Ha TTO-TO 

CHJiBHO lanrB. Ohb DepernyjiOH nepedB 6opTB Ropini y pyiH fl yBH- 
Ati'B noAB oo6ox), y oaiioro cyAHa, CHEHy HeABiA'. Ohb Tor^aoB mp 
npHHOci pysbe e h^orojibrshe BHCTpi.iaHE yjKosEJTB ueABiA^* no3A- 
Hie MS ysnaJiE no cjiijifiwb^ vro MeABlAi* EBciiAOBajiB b(A Ryu 
OTfipocoBB, HaxoAEBmiflcji BORpyrB cyAHa. 

HicROJiBRo nosAHle, nepoA^ ofiiAonB, a cA^JiajiB aRCRypoin na 
lOAB. CROTTb-raHceHB E loraEceE'B 6iijie sasHTZi cb DXSOfi CToposu 
oyAHa MarHHTHUHE sa6jii)AefliflHE. IIoroAa 6u2a npeRpacnafl, cojiHi^cf 
oiflio* SI eroajTB y OTRpuTaro npyAa, HOAaiORo otb oyAHa, s pascvaT- 
pEBavB o6pa30BaHie e pocTB soBaro JibAa, RorAa ob oyAHa pasAaicA 
BHCTpiiB. fl orjiAHyjiOH H yBEAixB enne oahofo MOABiAfl) ROTopsS 
yMrai'B no HanpaBJuesiK) r'b zeAHHUMB BosBumeHHocTHHB. Fbeaper- 
ooHi yBEABJTB 610 OB ndkJPitu, KOTjifik OHB HanpaBJuiofl RB cyAHy, HO, 

OHyTEBHIEOB BCOPO Ea paSCTOEHiE siOROJIBREXl EiarOBB OTB OyAHB, 

MOABiAB sairbTHJiB rancesa e loranceEaE npflHOHanpaBEicflR^SEMB. 
Bb 8T0 BpeHE reEApHROOEB y»e npsTan^EiB cBoe 'pysBo, ho oho 
flicRoiBRO pasB jsfijio ooi?Ry, npesAo nivb paaAaica BscTp'kiB, 
Boj^ACTBie Toro, hto y reHApERcesa cyn^eoTByerB Eec^aoTHaa caa- 



188 P7CCK0E BOrjLTGTBO. 

600TB Ao TaKOi GTenemi CHadSBaTb Ba3eiiiH0ir& sypoKi pTaouat, no 
npyxiHii Touo Kynanroi vb usA. HaioHei^t eicj yxaioob BHorpft- 
uTb H nyu npoHHua b% Kocom HaopaBiesiH ^epesionmyRrpyAB 
MOABijIf. SsipB lEOXHUos la saxHiH jnnH, DOMaxan vb imjijA 
nepeffHMH lanaKH^ sartirB yuan, oHOBa boro^u'l h, npoOixavB 
maroBx TpHj^i^aTB, oKOH^arexBHo cBanicii; iryia ai^^aoepffi^e. 

TaHcevB yBiqajnb MeABiAH TOJtBEO TOr^a, Borxa pasxaicii BHcrptii^ 
oHii 6pocuc2 Kb HeMy E nyoTEJTB eMy ^^ nyu vl roiOBy hb'l peBOiB- 
Bepa. 9to 61UL 6oiLniofi sb^pb, eaMufi 6oiBnioft uexfAjsfi, Rasoro 
TOJiiBKo HaiTB yxaxooB saorpiuiHTB fp cetb nopB. 

Okojio nojiyAHfl a Bifax fb 6o«y. He cuoTps Ha aoHyi) noroAyi fl 
HH Kb KasoiTB HanpaBieHiH ho 3aMiTHrb npHSHasOB'B seiuH. Paome* 
ma BO xB^y, Hjgntaii AftxeKO ki ciBepy» coBepmeno roqeaia, ho 
Bi TeHOHie HoqH, ooBoixi^ no 6xh3octh cyxHa, otfpasoBaiaoB noBaa 
6ojBinaa saHaBa, mjijiOfiM otb c^BepasiDry, ho lenepBHOspuBmaioi 
iBXOMi. AaBxeHie j&ffa orpaHHUBaeTOH, naBHinrB odpasovB, RpaaxH 
aroro OTBepcrifl, h opoojrtffHTB ero. mosho no odovn'b HanpaBiemairB 
MesAy crtnaHH exBHHyraro jiBxa, buotb ao oanaro ropnsoHra. Ri 
BOGTcsy JieA^ ooBepmeHHO HenpepHBHHt h nxoeKil. Mh san pasi^ 
HaxoAEiHCB, cji^AOBaTeJObHo, B-B Miort oaMaro oHjanaro AftueHifl. 

HoTBeprb, 19 0KTii6pfl. Jlegh HioKoxBKo pasABHEyxofl vb te^eBie 
nooxiAHeft hohh. 

yipoiTB II nonpodoBaxii oAixaiB noisAKy Ha oanflxi, sanpflxen- 
EUX'B mecTBK) co6aKaMH. Si BnperB hx'b bi caHOiAOBiH eaHH h, yoiB- 
niHOB Vb HEi'B, saKpH^ajTB: cnppp! npppl» Co6aKH 6iicTpo noM^ancB 
no sbffj. Ho xaiaHie uoe npoAoxsaiocB hoaoxto; xh noBorpft^axH 
orpoMHyx) xBAHHy h aoxshu 6uxh noBepnyrB. Eabb 9T0 6uio oflijaHO, 
Rasi* ooteRH bo boob Ayxi noMqaxHCB si cyAHy e vxi hhuki HexBSH 
6tixo OTorHBTB OTTyAB; oHi Boe 6iraxH Kpyroxi cyAHa on OAHoft 

Xy^B OTfipOOOBl R'B APy^Ofi. EOXH fl OTBiBasafb CO OTOpOHH HITHp- 

(iopAa H KHyroM'B BUHysAaxi hxi hath na xbai, to oni otiiraxH Kpy« 
roiTB KopKu Ri 6aR6opAy cyAHa. H Aopraxx bobxh, HspER'ax^ npo- 
RXflTifl H npo6oBax*B Bce, no toxbro moxho, ho HanpaoHO. TorAa b 
BHxisi HS'B canefi H nonpo6oBaxi hxi* yAepsarb, ho cofiaxH pBaHyxH, 
H fl noxer&xi BBopxi HoraMH Ha xoai*. RorAa Mffb yAanaxocB saAop- 
^xaTB HX'B Gkvb y xaxofi HB6yAB Ry^H uycopa hxh rxu6ii xba», to 
OHi OHOBa yoTpeuxflXHCB RB niTHp6opAy cyAHa, a a, 8Xo6cTByfl, nxexcH 
sa HHHH, roTOBEitt pasopBaTB HX!B Ha ^acTH, eoxH6'B MHt yAaxooB 
H3X0BHTB HX'B. TaRB upoAOxsaxacB era Hrpa, noxa ona hh^ caxHirB 
He HBAoixa h ont noAynaxH, BtpoHTHo, tto paAH pa3HOo6pa8ifl 
MoryTB nonpo6oBaTB npo6tsaTBCfl no TOfi Aopori, xyAa a nanpaBxaxi 
Hxi>. Oni ycTpeMHXHCB, xaxB BBxpB, no nxocxoft XJ^HHi, noxa a He 
saAepsaxB Hxi na oaho MrHOseHie, no6i a&tb hmb nepeAoxnyrB. Ho 
npn nepBOMi se hoom'b ABHseHin fb canaxB, oh% CHOBa noBepnyxH 
HasaAit no npesnelt AoporB. R oyAoposno Aopsaxca sa caHH, xpa^axB 
Ha ooCaxB, A^praxB bossh h cTeraxi KHyTOMi», ho, ^m*b 6oxBme a ore- 



CPSAH HO^E H XhUk. 189 

ran, rtm. npoBopHie ovk 6&sajni no H86paHHoft ma Aoport. HaKo- 
Heiifb Micft 7AMoe& ocraHOBHTB cami, ynepiDHOB HoraiiH vh CHirb 
Mesny nojroBBflifH h BoniaBi ttb Jiejoix KptaKift spDRi. Ho ctouo 
Msi nntb xoMHoro sasiBaTBCJi, hji yse 61111 Ha 60K7, ^ coChikh oiuTb 
H^ancL, Boio^a mohh no onirj, na soropoirb niKaa raaeian ^acTB 
Moero rbia ociaBUia niHpoRit csbjfb. TasL nuo ji^o hsi syiBRa 
B% poroxKj. fl noTepnn A00K7, Ha xoropoft aojokohi 6un cva^tb, 
noTOMik BHyrB, nepuTU, mansj, h, Eoneao, bth notepH He MorzH 
enooo6oTBOBaTB jjrpnaeaiB xoero HaorpoeHia ATxa. Pasa x^a a npo- 
CoBajTB Strnxtb nepe^B co6aBaKH h xorbrB euoD sacTaBHTB wrb no- 
BepHjTB, yrposaa hitb KHyroMib. Ont fipocaiHCi hsi oTopoHH bhb oto- 
poHy H HeciEQB en^e csopte. UoojA btofo, HasoHeirB, bobsh sanyrasHOB 
G&b tfOH HOPH, TasB TTO fl ynajTB njnamiifl bb cann, h lorxa co6aRH 
no6fesajiH, toiho (imeHUH. 

8x0 film nepBHft xott ohhtb notexu bb caHarB, h h ne Mory 
jTBepauaTB, ^eto6u h o^ohb ixb ropAUca, ho a BHyrpeano nosApa- 
BiaiB cefia cb xiiiB, tto hhkto ho BH^aiB xoexb repollcRHX'B noABH- 

rOBTB. 

nocAi oC/kjifk a HsoiiAOBaAB Bo^y, odpasoBaBmyDca otb laaHia 
HOBOo6pa30BaHHaroKpaoHOBaTO«KopH^iHeBaro iB^a h osonaBmyioGa bb ao- 

BOIBHO dOnmOMB KOXHTOCTB^ BB OTBOpCTiaXB KpyrOMB. OspaOKa 8T0ft 

BOAu, HasB noKasaiTB XHKpooROnB, saBHotia otb 6e8UGjieHHaro ROJiBqe* 
CTBa MOJunxB opraHH3MOBB» npeHMyn^ecTseHHo pacTemi— AiaToaeft h bo- 
xopooiei, H3B KOTopuxB HftKOTopuH Hir&iH ooBciiiB' oooCoHHyio ^pay. 
Cy66oTa« 21-ro 0KTa6pa. CeroAsa a oeraDOB aa oyAHi BoiiACTBie 
601H BB Hinm^axB hjih peBMaiasMa, HoaBHfimarooa y aeaa bb npa- 
Boft oTopoHi Tfiia. ^OKTopB A^aTb xena iiacoaaeMB a bthmb en^e 60- 
Mie ycHJiHBaeTB hoh cTpi^aaia. 

Hejseia a yace TaKB crapB a xhjcb au aro tojoiBo moo Boo6pa- 
xoHie? Caaoe 6ojrBniee, tto a aory CAioaiB — bto KOBiuaTB, npazpa- 
loiBaa, HO HHi xorbiocB 6h ^HaiB, xory n a BcraiB a no6traTB 
BsanycRH Balcri gb APynuca; ani no^ra RaaneToa, no a aory, ecu 
Aia BToro npeAcraBEToa xopomifl oiynt. 

XopoHTB 32-rb-jrlTHifi apRTanecRift repoft, BaiaDndfioa bb RofiRi! 
SL aaoro pa8i» nepe^arajiB nacBaa cb poAHau, nepeaocaica MUCxaMa 
Apaol a xe'^TaiB BOBBpan^eaia — ho ^epesB croaro jt&tb?! Ob ycnt- 
xoaii au 6esB ycnixa — ae bb btohb a'^oI 

A BeilurB fipocHTB xotb; ORasaxocB fiojiBme 136 aerpoBB; an, aaa- 
UTB, CHOBa 0Ra3B[Baeaca aa 6oj[Bmeft rjEyfiaai. JIotb noRasaiB, ^to 
MSB yBieRaexB bb nroBanaAHOXB HanpaajieHiH. 

dfo nenpepuBHoe ABaseaie rb Dry aai ooBcixB nenoHarao. Bb 
)ciiAHee Bpeaa bItpobb 6ujlo aexHoro; ceroARa gjerb siiepB cb 
ffiepa, ao ae oaaBHHfl. Hto aosexB 6htb npauHOK) Taaoro aaieaia? 
\ caoTpa aa Bd aoa aBOxlAOBaaia, coodpaseaia h pacqeiu, a Bce- 
ca ae aory ofiBaoaarB ce61 cyn^eexBOBaaie droro DaEaaro le^eaia; 
•Heaie aojckho 6iuo nanpaBJUiBca rb oiBepy. 



190 PyCCKOE BOFATGTBO. 

Ecjm To^OHie HanpaBuexofl ki Dry, to sas-B xe o6i»flCHBTL cj- 
n^ecTBOBame 6o2Bmoro OTiqpuTaro vopa, Koropoe mm nponiJEH ki ci- 
Bepy OTCD^a? A ototb zMnwb, k> oaicaro KOHi^a Koroparo sa wu[^ 
HOMii ciBepi Mil mju noA> napam? H to s Kpjroe He Morxo cyn^e- 
oTBOBaTb BHa^e, Kasi Bi TOiCb osyqai, ec2H Te^Hie HanpaBjuieTcii k% 
oisepy, Kas'B aro fl paHBme yTBepsAui. 

l^HHOTBeHHO, TOO MeHA ctfy^aoTL, BTO BanafiHoe Te^eme, Eoropoe 
Bce BpoMii 6hao npoTHBTi Haoi*, KOFAa MH ujouM Bfpja> oHdnpcEaro 
6epera. Hn vh xasoirL oiyqat uh He omEjif^wb, too naci noHooerb 
Ki sry, MHMo hobo-ch6hpokhx'b octpobobi, saTiMi na aan^^ b^ojib 
OHOnpoKaro 6epera h OTry^a Kb oinepy, mnio loioa HerocKiiHa, no 
TOfi caMofi Aoporb, no soTopofi mu ovAa npH6BUHl 3io 6wlo 6u ojnim- 
KOMi xopomo, He roBopa yse o tomi, too mio 6u ooBepmeHHo vb 
pa8pi8i» CO BoiMH MOHMH pascieTaMH. 

Hy, ^TO aa fiixa? KyAa HH6yAB j^a aojcshh ae mh nonacTB; TyrB 
MH He MosoMi Biuo ocTaBaTbCfl. KoHOi^'B BftH^aerb a^o, roBopon; 
OAHaKo fl 6u BCOTaKH sejajTB, ^toSh mk AHHraiHOB h^ckojibko 6u- 
CTpie^ KyAa 621 naoi hh yBJioKajio Teqenie. Bi nanieft rpoHJiaHACKOft 
excneAHipH naoi Tose noTan^sjco oHa^axa si sry, OAHaso BTa dRcne- 
AHi^fl BceTaKH xopomo soH^aiaoB. 

BooKpecoHBe, 22 osTfl6pfl. FeHApHKoeffB 6pooajgrB jigtb ceroAHfl 
yTpoMi H Hameiii 129 MeTpoBi. <Ecj[h naci Boo6n^e ifeceTi KyAa hh- 
6yAB, cKasaix ohb, to aTO ki> BOcroKy, xoth no^iH HHKaKoro abhsohui 
He 8aMiTfl0>. BiTpa oeroAHfl nirB. A ocrancB bi^ cBoefi roSk^. 

IIOHeAiSBEHRB, 23 FO ORTHfipfl. Bce 0^0 joxy Bl CBoefi Hopi. 

CeroAHH rj[y6HHa na aobhtb MorpoBi MOHie, hAwl Biepa. BepeBKa 
OTKJioHfleTOH Bi» DTo-sanaAy, ojii^oBaTeiBHO nacx Tan^HTB k% oinepo- 
BOcTOKy. FaHceHib noABejTB htofb HafMODAeHunrB otb 19-ro 0RTfl6pfl h 
HameffB, ito mh yAaimjiHCB na 10' ri cinepy, TaRB too a(Mdkhu Ha- 
xoAETBOfl TenepB noAi> 78^15' ciB. niEpoTBi. 

HaRonei^i to, RorAa BiTopi yxerca, Te^enie ki oinepy CA^^iaiooB 
6oiie saMlTHBZMi. B61H8H naoi oTRpiuHCb KanaJUi, oahhi baoib oy^Ha, 
Apyrofi BnepeAH ero, no 6ih8ooth npesnefi KaEaBu. UoojA oMAano- 
ABHJHCB JEencie npHsnaKH nanopa jibaa- 

BTopHHRB, 24-ro 0KTa6pfl. MeSAT 4 h 5 ^acaMH yTpa npoHBO- 
meJTb cuBHiifi HanopB iBAa, HicROJiBKO npEnoAHABDiifi Fram. MoacHo 
osHAaiB, TOO ABHsenie Jihj^owb Ha^HeTCH oHosa. 

CeroAHH yrpoMx jioai pacRpuica nacTOiBRo, too Fram ocboIJo- 

AHIOfl COBepmOHHO, ho nOBAHie JOA'B CHOBa CABHHyjIOfl H OKOJIO 11-TH 

^aooBi» npoHSomen chjkbhhS nanop'B. SaTiMi HaorynHJTB caoRofiHsfi 
npoMexyTOR'B, ho nooJii o&bjffk nanopi JiBAa BOSodnoBHioH h Cujtb 
OHOHB CHjieHii MesAy 4 h 4 q. 30 m., TaK'b too cyAHO coAporajocB n 
noAHHMajiocB Ha Bepxi, ho hhcroibko otb dToro ne nocTpaAaio. 

IleAopii BupasEJii MHinie, too AaBienie jiBAaHAerBcioiBepo-BOCTOKa, 
TaRi> KaKib OHi Bi BTOMi EanpaBieHlH cjnunajTB npH(5j[HseHie inyna. 
loraHCBHi) 3a6pocHjrB a^ hohh mejuROByH) o^tb na riydnHy 20 MeTpoBi 



CPSAS HOU H MhUL. ^ 191 

X sBsnh ex fioJUBmnirb TpyAom jciK&rB BuranuiTb ee cBoeBpeiieHHo; 

43a TO jxoB'b 6iu'b 6or»mft. SI boo en^e ciixy bhisj. 

CpeA&, 25-ro ovtsCysL. Bqepa BoiepoirB sairb npanuoob BHAop- 

^saiB crpanmiift nhnopb. SI npooHjxea on btofo h ^yBcrrooBan, KaRi 

Fram noAHfljioa BBepxi, saTpacca h Ciutl ofipomeHi; a oiumajnb TaEse 

rpoMKift TpeoK-b Ji^a, paoKaiKBaBmarooa o 6oKa oyAia. 

IIpHCjyniaBinncB H^Koiopoe BpeMfl k% arojij niyHy, a OHoaa sa- 

<sHyii ch npiaTHBUTB cosHaaieirB, tto Boeiasx xopomo HaxoAHTbca 
wh aio Bpena aa laKom^ cjAai, aaai Eram; b^ab toptobcke 6izjio 

<>H H^upiflTHO, ecjni6i Hait'h ayuo 6iU(0, npa saa^oirB nanopi iBAa, 
BOTasaTB H 6£n% fotobeuih ocTasHtB cjAHO 01 HamaiiH yaeiKaiCH sa 

<aiaBot, RaK'B aio fiiuo ch jidabmh €TereTTro$a». 

Tenepb leuHieTb ducipo. Ob sBxjxfiwb paaoMi eojuo^e, noKaati- 
BaaoB aa aefii, ctohtl ace smse a aase. Caopo oao Hc^esaerB co- 
BciiTB. ^ojoaa Teioiaa SHiia otoetb y Asepeft, a mh tyji^wb paAO- 
BaxBoa, KorAa HaaoaaqB aacrymcrB aeoaa. Ho aio 6u aa^ero ae 3aa- 
wj[o, ecj[B6B ToxBKo MH MOFJia ABBByTBoa KB oiBopy. TenepB rocnoA- 
OTBynrB mrosanaABHe aiTpii. 

HaaoaeniB mh acnpo6oBajiB aamy BiipaayD moibbhi^, soropaa 
TOToaa botb yace aicEonao ahoA; pa6oTaerB oaa npeaocxoAao. Ce- 
roAaa y aaci lyAecaoe BJieaTpa^ecEoe oeB'^n^eaie, xotb BixepB b bo 
oqeaB oajEsa'B— 5 — 8 MorpoBB bb ceayaAy. Beraaoe yqpesAoaie ajrea- 
Tpa^ecKia jiaMnu! 

Kaaoe rpoMaABoe ajuaaie oaasHBaerB cb^tb aa Aymeaaoe aacrpo- 
^Biel GeroABB sa ctoiomtb aro 6hjiq ocofieEao saM&TEo; cBin A^ft- 
msjerb aa pacnoioseaie Ayxa, aa^B rjoroai xopomaro aaaa. H aaaB 
napaABo BBcrjiaAarB aanrb caJiOBBl Mh pimau bhiibtb no aiOMy oiy- 
HaD sa SAopoBBo Ooaapa ^aaooaa, aaaBBiaro aa oe6a aoi pacxoAH no 
aiesTpa^ecsoMy ocainteaiD, B^odBaaBxa ero npa aioMB ay^aiBMB bsb 
TOBapan^eS. 

HyABHft jEyaanft caiTB oeroAsa ]ft^epoMi»; ob&tjo aaBB ahomi. 
CiaepBoe oiaaie aaseroa hoathmi a laax oipaaao BHriaAHTB npa Jiya- 
aoM!B ocBtn^eaiB. Okojio JsyaH 6oiBniot spyrb. Bee. aro ocaiiitaeTB 
Aaieao pacapooTpaBBDnuftoa Mepi^annuft ioa'b, BarpoMOJ^HandSoa xaMB 
M oaMB B6j[fl8B aacB. GpoAB aroro 6e3MOJifiBaro jOAaaoro Mipa, aaia- 
laro cepeSpaamuTB 6ieoKOMi, aiTpaHaa MejiBaaqa aopo^raerB obob 
TOMBHa apBLUBB, BBEA&iaDii^iaca aa TOJLj6owb iffowb Be6eoB a oiaep- 
aaro ciaaia. Kaaoft nopadflTejaanft aoBTpaoTB ob OKpyauuDni;et o6cTa- 
HOBKoK cocTaajiaeT'B btotb apoAysTB j^BBaiBsaipB, Baeaanao Biopray- 
Bmefioa bb aaoTHBniift npaapa^anfi mip'b! 

Saarpa jsfisb poa^eaia Fram. Cbojibko BocnoMBaaaifi BHanaaeTB 
roAOBnpiBa ahb, aorAa Fram 6wn> cnyn^eaB aa BOAy! 

HeiseprB, 26-ro 0RTa6pa. KorAa mh oeroAaa yipoMB 6pocaJiB 
JLOTB, TO aanuLH 300 MerpoBB rjiydaBH. Mh dnerpo ABaraeaoa kb 
ctaepy, <iipaMo sa oiaepBi, roBoparB noAepiiB Ai^flcTBBTejiBBO, aa- 
acexea, aaRB 6yAT0 niih aanifl craaa jy^me TeiiepB« 



192 F7GCK0B BOFATCTBO. 

Beusoe lopxeexBO ffu Hs^aiocB crpftiBteft bi i^b. SaitirB j 
HacB 6uK% npeBoexoAKHt oUbxh H3i ^eiErpex'B (Si»a>, noxBeprmEXib 
HonHTaHiB Hannb nmteBapiTeiBHHft annaparB. Tocn sa sxpaBie Fram 
6wn> noRpuTb eaniMH tiypiHUH annxoxHciieHTaMH. SaflBxeHie opaTopa, 
HTO Jfj^ime Fram Tpyxvo BHAjMaTB oyjpio a^i Hamet q&u, Hanuo 
ropa^ oTKiEKBB'B oepjq^arB BcArb ciyinaTexeft hmu nosexaxH Ha- 
meiiy cy^Hy h oetii BxicTi ci HmrB MHoras Jiira. 

nocxl yxHsa noxaai 6iurB seiuuBnitHHiil h jiHMOHHuft nyHnrB b 
sarbn otb (ioninoD TopxecTBeHHOCTBX) nocii^oBajia paa^a^a Harpa^^r 
coapoBosAaeMas myrRaini h cooTBlTCTByDnmiCH BspeieHiflHH, 6oxb- 
meD TOCTBX) npHAyMaHHBQiE HamHirB Bpa^oirB. KasAHlt aojyrajTB Ha-- 
rpaAy. Cairafl nepBidt noiyqHjrb AepeBflHfluft specrBOpAeHa <Fram>, 
KOTopHlt AOJUceHi 6vun» hochtboa Ha mei na 6iiofl nojroTHflBoft 
TecBMi. nocjiixHeMy AocraiooB sepsaxo, bb botdpoitb offB Hon ix)- 
6oBaTBoii Ha oBoe naBmee BeiHtie. 

Bii 8Ton BBTOpi 6uio paspimeHo sypeHie Vb oaxosi^, h npasA- 
HBi BaBopmHicH BecejuiMi BHCTom, EypeBievB Tpyfiosi h iiHTBeirb 
rpora. 

TenepB a OHsy oahh-b h mhcju mor hobojibho yneojiHOB sa roj^B 
HasaAi, B^ Tony ]W0, xorxa xu ctohih na niat^picb r €OHa» b£i- 
nxeoHyjia maMnaHORoe bi cropoHy cyxHa oo GxoBaHH: cIIycTB 6y;^TB 
TBoe HUH <Fram»— nooA'l nero EpinKift, Tflsexzift Eopiiy(rB oy;^Ha 
Hawaii MOAieHHO oEOXBSRTb BHHdi^. A EpiiiEO j^epsajTB ee sa pysy; 
rxasa HanojiHRXHCB oxe8aHR,H qio to taKfB osaio ropso, ^o neiBSH 
6HJI0 npoHSHecTH HH oiOBa. MoHqiut EOpnycB norpysRicfl bi cBep- 
Eaun^yD BOxy; xerEifi coneiHuft ryMaH'B osyraJTB bcd EapTRHy. Hh- 
soFAa He 3a6uTB mhI Toft HHHyrs, Eorxa mh otobxr Bxi^cri h cmo- 
TpiiH Ha 8Ty oi](6HyI 

PasuiyqeHU MopaHi, deuzei h ibxomi>1 Mea^y HaHH en^e xexatB 
ro^a; lenepB upoffOJiseHie Toro, qio Ha^axo 6kilo wb totb naMHTHut 

AOHB. Ho CXOIBEO BpOMeHH fto npOAXRTCa? y MOHfl eoTB Iie^aJIBHOe 

npeA^jBCTBie, ^o[ a ne TaE^-TO cEopo ysHsy obod poARsy. Korxa a 
HauHan c6i dtomi ;pa3A}MUBaTB, to SHaD, iio pasxysa fiyxerB 
AOJiraa, ho XHi ne xo^OTca STouy aipRTB. 

CeroAHH Hu TopseoTBeHHo npoeiHJiHOB oi coxHi^eHi. Bi* noJA^HS 
nosasajiacB tojibeo noxoBHHa ARCEa bx nooiiARift P&s'b hba^ xpaeH'B 

XBAOB'B, Vb DSHOt CTOpOHi; OOXHI^e RMilO BHAB EaSOFO TO yiUEOHieH- 

Haro TiJia, RcnycEasii^aro HaTOBsfi EpacHHfi cairb, ho 668% Tonxa. 
OTKUHi MH BorynaoMi Vb SRiaunD hou. ?to to ona npRHeoerB 
Hani? Ta^ TO Hu CyAOMi, EorAa coxHi^e ohhtb BepHeTca Ha seiui)? 
^yAHHfi xyHHult OBirB EaEi 6yAT0 xexaerB BoanarpaAHTB naci 
sa noTopx) ooxni^a; jEyna ne cxoahtb (tb Re6ocBjiOHa hh HO^bx), hk 

KBBWb. 

Kb yAHBxeHix), AABieme xBAa TonepB craxo xeHBme, r tojibeo r3- 
piAKa on^ymaeToa xerxlft aanopi. JIoab oARaEO pacEpuBaeTca.^cTo 
na sHaqHToiBHorB pasoTcaHiR; bo HHorHxi HanpaBxeRiaxB o6pa30- 



GPEAH HO'IH E Sh]l,iL. l93 

BanCB 60i[BIIlilI nOJEHHBH. B'L DSHOfi CTOpOffI HaXOAHTOfl H^OKOAKO 

Tasm fiOAOOMOBi* aobojubho SHaqHxeiBHofi wjonMBU. 

IlflTHHi^a, 27-ro osTflbpa. JIotb ynasaJTB ceroj^Hfl 95 MerpoBi 
r^yfisHB. CorjaoHO nocjclo6iAeHHUMi HafijUD^^eHiairbHH noABHHjjiHOB 
Ha 3' Kh cisepy h h^ckojibko 6ojiie ki sanaxy, ^^m^ 19-ro oErafipfl. 

yasaoHo HenpiflTHO, no uh Tyrb BepTHMOfl Ha oahokb utoTi. 
Mu AosBHO 611T& nonajiH vb Aspy, bi KOTopofi zoa^ ABHraerca Kpy 
ron, H He uoseirB h3i Hea BuCpaTbCH. Bpeiffl TpaxHTOH 663noj[e8Ho. 
Sorb BHaoTL, KaKi Aoxro 8to npoAiHToa. EoiHfirb noxyn cHiBHiift 
DXHiiA BixepL H noraan naorb K'b cfeepj, ohb 6h BusairB Haci> 
H3% aaxpyAHeHiH! 

MOH JIDAH OOflTB CHflJUI ^yJIB. Bb TO BpOMfl, SaKl OHH SaHflTU 
^JIH BTHITB AilOlTB, BApyPB Oj^aiOCB CB^TJEO, RaKl AHOITB. HoofiUSHO- 

BeHHuft orneHHHft mapB npoptsajTB h66ocbji[ohi Ha sanajt^ n ocBi- 

THJB BC6 r0J[y60BaT0-6t][UHl OBiTOlTB. loraHOOHB fipOCHJIOfl BHESl, 

VB oaioH'B, 7ro6x ooo6^htb o&b dtoitb uwb h GROTTB-FaHoeHy. Ohi 
CKaaajix HaiTB, tto en^e xosho bha^tb cBikrssa. noioon, qi^a^, oora- 
BieHHHft mapoMi na CBoerB nyiH. KorAa hm BdomjiH Ha naiydy, 
to yBHAaJiH OBiian^yDOH jqtj na He6i. Mereop'B hc^obx bii oosBisAiH 
«jIe6eAff>, HO dflHie ero emfi Aoiro ocraBaiocB vb BOSAyxi vb bha^ 
oBiTan^efiofl muH. Hhkto ne bha&si oauaro orHeHHaro mapa, noxo- 
uy vto Bci vh 8T0 Bpeiia oroau rx neny odhhoS, h noroxy hhrto^ 
He uorB csaaaTB HasipHoe, pasopBaioa m owby hih h&tb. 9to bto- 
pofi Hereopi neofinRHOBeHHaro 6ieoRa, BHA^HnHH naiiH wb dTHXi 
o6ji&cTaxb. 

JIoAB BHRasHBaeTi saMiwTejtBHyn orsohhootb paoRpiinaTBca, 
xoTa AABJEeaia h ho 6uj[o, ho no BpoHenairB oyAHO oRasuBaeroa cpeAH 
OTRpuraro npocipaHCTBa boau. dro cjiyq^jocB h oeroAna. 

Cy66oTai 28-ro 0STa6pa. Bjraero ae oiy^HJiooB aaiii^aTejtBEaro. 
JlyHa GBixHTB A^eiTB H Ho^D; Ha nrb saiiiTHo eme uepi^anie 

BooRpeceHBe, 29-ro 0RTa6pa. IIoAep^ sacTpiiHjrb ceroAaa yr- 
poiTb y canaro cyAHa ^kspo moaiiy. Mh yse h^oroibro BpeueHH 
TOMy HasaA^ saifiTHJui ucbh cjiiAH, h bi BOCRpeceHBe MorciaAB 
yBHA^JTB ncHi^, ROTopaa, o^cbhaho, peryjupHo aBiaiaoB rb cyAHy, 
^T06u noxapaxB ocraiRH BiinoTpomeHHaro MeAB^Aa. BcRopi noeit 
Toro, RaRi 6iuay6HTa nepnaa JEHcni^a, aBHJiaoB BTopaa, no^yasmaa, 
016BHAHO, cBoero MepiBaro TOBapHni;a, ho ona o^ohb cKopo CRpHJiapB 

OnHTB. YAHBHTeiBHO, VtQ Ha BTOfi EUaBy^ett JBAHHi, TaRB A&^ORO 0TB 

seiuH, HaxoAHToa laRB unoro ncHi^. Bnpo^eicB, noasaiyt^ aio hh- 
CROJiBRo He fiojiie yAHBHieiBHO Ti^ifB to, ^to a BCTpiqajiB ojt&abl 
aflcaqi Ha JEBAy vesAy JlHx-MaSeHOHi h HlnHi^CepFeHOirB. 

(IIpodoAOiceHie CAfbdyemz). 



•^ 4. OTx*ji» I. 13 



OJIHBbE nATAffb. 

(Hn noMimuHeeKuxh npaeoeh co^peMeHuaa ^antm)* 

PoMaH-L HOojiH Kasa. 

XVL 

Ha cjiftAyx)n^6ft Hex&ii OjiHBBe npHcyTCTBOBan Ha CBaxLGi ^e- 
HioHRa. Ciofl vh itepKBH, cpexH TOJiini, bi Koropoft KejmcajiR 
nepefli HHirb xopomeHBRlA jraqa, cb tohshmh npo^HJDunai napK- 
XHMOKbj OBTL yjoiCajiai, nyTs saiiiTHoft H^bsHoft yjoiCicoft, 
Bciifb — H MysHHHairb h aceHn^BHairb. Ero Mscja pacimipaJDncB, 

nOXHHHaJIHCB BHCOKO, KSSTb I^apCTBeHHUfl IITHIIU; dTH ICfilCJIH BpH- 

BoxHJDDi ero Kh npeA^am k6hth, Roropaa ero nociniajia boti 
yjKe oKOJio uexbjniy CyxKia cpexH hohh, sacraBJiflJia ero JiesaTB. 
Cb OTRpuTuioi rjiasaioi ^o pasesiTa, Me^m, KOTopaa Bonuoi cb 
msxb wb dry itepKOBB h o ROTopoft owb xyMajrB vb we MrsoBe- 
Hia. 

RiOrxa cjrysCa KOHHSJuacL, ohi nomejTb bi pHSHmQr h no- 
sajTB pyKy jl[eHH)HRa Cb HCRpeHHHirb BOjmeHieirB. BocnomraaHiH 
061 Exi crapHEHOifb TOBapHniecTBi, Konmnm 6ec!&x&^n« Korx& 
OHH ynunscb bi soJUieriH — BHesairao ero pasHteEJor. Bee 8to 
6ujL0 yxe xft^ORO. Bi aioirB noscarlH pyra eaiuriOHaJiocB nocjs^x- 
Hee npocTH. Apyrie, Eojioiceci h neppoHa, Ckuih Taxse sxlc^, 
HO H OHH npon^ajmcB. 

OjiHBLe ycEOJiBSHyjii Hesaic^THO, comeorB co cryneHesi i^epEBH 

H HOTepaJICfl Bl TOJini. 

Ohb meJTB npflHO Aouoft, roponacB Kb cBoeuy CTOJiy, cb 
jiHCTaHH 6iJioft 6yMarH. Botb yxe orojio Hex^^, RasB owb hchhcu- 
BajTB 6oJiBiiioe KoioiHecTBO 6yMarH, pBaoTB h sotb HanHcannoe, 
a sairiMi CHOBa BOso^HOBJiflJirB aTrany cb yHpHKCTBOiTB coJAaTa^ 
yBipeHHaro, hto BOSBMerB pejyrB. 

drjm'b peAyroMi 6Nrjia RHHra, KHHra RpacHOpi^iH, cb 
HopipeTaMH BejiHRHXi opaTopoBB AOMORpaTXH, HaHHHaa CB MHpa6o, 
xHpoHAHCTOBi, jiH6epaj!0B'B peciaBpai^iH, so Bappo BRjmo^HrejiBHO. 
Bb aToft rhhtI, TKb RaKAHfl repofi-TpH(JyHB, raRi CRasaTB, npone- 
HOCHJI'B CBOK) p%HB, pascRaBUBaH ce6'6 H CBOeiTB BpeMeHH,*— 



OJODBE AATiJrB. 195 

OiiHBBe pHcoEajTB cjsaTiiMH ^epTaMH HOBiAmyio HCTopiio $paH- 
viM. Eaagioft ^asib cooTBiTCXBOBairb CBot opaiop^ bosxb Ha- 
poxa, Kory^ift pyjieaoft, OAHHirb yxapom pyu HsxiEflBinift xojpb 
cyxHa. Ohk cjAxoBaJoi ;^yrb sa xpjvom bi HepaBEHxi npoice- 
jcyxRan, BoeBumaflCB Ha^i^ otfcroarejibCTBaiai bo Becb CBOft pocn, 
Ha npoTHseHiH B^Ba, rocnoxcTByjr HajCB Tojmoft, towo AHHacm 
HOBUxi Ropojieft, noMasaHHHXi Ha i^apciBO reHleirb. 

OjIHBBe KaRl 6h OTSpiUI'B 8iy KHHty, BCH) ItiflHSOIfb nOKOHB- 

niyH)Cfl Bi ero rojioBi. Hysen^b 6yAen roxi, ABa roxa^ hto6i 
HanHcaiB ee, co6paxb vaTepiajoi, nepecMOipiTB, nonpaBHiB, (aan" 
ffji xHeft BxoxHOBeHlfly nepe^HiHBaTb BCJiyxi cipaHHitii, nanH- 
caHHHfl npexxe, npoBipHTB hxi BByHHOcxB H cosepxaHle. Bnpen 
X0JUK6HiH SByxi jAvh OHX sanperca, xo6poBOJi£HO ocraHerca y, 
nopora CBiia. IIoTOirb ohi» BucTynHTb cb KHHroft bi pyici. ^o 
rbxb nopi,— ^0 aHaHHJix Ana Hero nysna h cricHOHifl? Oai 

6yX0Tl> SHTB Ha HiCKOJIBKO BOHiOKl^ Bl XOHB. OhI BCeTXE HaB- 

xerb ypoKH, npHHOCJUiue laBOft cKpoMmd xoxoxi. JLuhb 6h ho 
yMepeiB cb rojioxy. H atH xbb roAa saTBopHH^eciBa h paGom 
KasajDiCB 6My sapanie dojihhmh npesecni. tn^issui rjiaBu boshh- 
RajnH B% ero yn-i, KpacHopiHHBUfl h npeKpacHsu. Bci li, o 
Kovb oFb roBopHJii, HOAHHHajiHCB H8i> jupasa hoChtIh, B03Bpa- 
n^aJiHCB Ki srhbhh; ohi ocasaJU'Ly BHAiJi'B h cjuimajrb hu. 

CeftHaci, B'b KepKBH, eny npHnuia bi rojiOBy oahb ^pasa, 
nposByHaBmaa bi ero ymaxi, KaBi 6u HameHraHHafl neBEAH- 
MHiTb cyn](6CTB0Mi. 9io 6iiJia nepBaa ^pasa ero ehhth. Ohi ee 
KBan Bi npoAOJiaceHlH noAiJiH. PaAH hoh HcnHcajrb CTpaHHi^i 
HflAWiecflrb. TenepLOHi noBTopajrB ee na xoAy, npHCJiynniBaacb 
Kb cjAfjiojnjiWbj yse TaHyBmHMca sa nepsoft. HpoAHCJioBie osrb 
Hannnierb bhobb, sa oahhi pasib, CHJSBHoe, sHaHHreAHoe. 

— Hy, Hio se CBaA^Ca? Bbuio hhofo napoAy? HeBicia xo- 
pomeHBsafl? — ^saKHAajia ero BonpocaHH FoHopHna. 

— H Te6i Bce aio pascRasy nocoA, lenepB irai naxo pa- 
(SoraiB. 

OB!b Cucipo pasAiaca, naA'^^ HJioxeHBBift cnpTy^eisi^, bocb 
B'B naTflaxB h A^paxB, h CKopie 6pocHaca kb CBoeiiy cToay,^HB 
ciaB KB Heny... 

OffB HCHHTajOLB mecTB KicaiieBB c^acTBa, mecTB M^kaiteBB, 

BUpOAOJISeHiH KOTOpUXB OHB aCHJUB TOJIBRO CBOOft HaHaTOft RHH- 

roft. Ohb He saHiHaJiB, hto ero naBiajnoHU nopBaancB h Cujol 
sanaaiaHBi cyRHOMB paajiHHHiixB asiiOBB. Ohb hohth ne iJiB, 
caajDLB He 6ojii%e naiH nacosB bb cyiRH, yracajiB, csHraeicuft 
HOCToaHHofl JiHxopaAROfl. Bb ROHi^i TpyAa 6uj[o ocBoGoxAenie. 
jIjyMaH o6b dioicB HHorAa, no BenepaiiB, ohb yjiu6aJica CBoeft 
HsmieTi, RaRi ^ejiOBiKy, KOToparo yi^maioTB h oGoaphiotb o6i- 
H^HlaMH 6yAyH(eft HarpaAH. Ohb noABurajiCH neAJieHHo, CTpana- 
Ua sa CT]^mjfiii, crpoKa sa cipoRofl; ipyAB 6iajiB TaaceaB h 

13* 



196 PyCCXOE BOFATGTBO. 

AOJion. RasAuft aohb, bx npo^oJiseHiK qijuix'B HOffln, owh xo- 
Xiuii Bi 6K6j[ioTeEH, nepeCapaa icenyapH) pyBonncH, coCnpaH 
XOKyKeHTEi; noTon, cx^as'b sanacb/OBi BeceJio HOTEHajn onnTb 
aTxasy. Ero repoH npEHHicaiH peansiia ^opioi, BucryiiaJiH, 
TOHHO 6y;^yI^iH CTaiyH hs'b fjihCh ifpavopa, TBepAO, aoiBO, sir 
nojioaceHiax'B, npoBipenHsixi^ ' ircropieft. Owb nocjrlAOBaTejiBHO 
Bonjioii^ajicfl wb KasA^iro EVb haxi, OAjmeBJifljicfl hx% osHBmiiHH 
rojiocaMH. Ohi shjtb Ha KHhtfiEm,^ Tf!b owb u^JVb hmcn ot- 
BOpJITB SBOpH CKJienOBli H BOCKpomaTB yMBpniHrB. 

IIpHiiufa BSMa. He hm&i TonjraBa, ohi pa6oTajii wb noctejoi. 
Roi^a and on xonosa Bo^enijiH naniiBi, h oJieA'^HiBmaa pyxa 
OTBadUBajiacB nHcarB, om> ox^BaJica, men si roHopfliHi, rpljica 
OROJoto ea najieHBEoft lyryHHofi nensH, h ohh CojrraJia. 

TenepB ohi oTAasajTB eft aci cboe, sapaCoTaHHua na ypo- 
Raxi, jsfiEhTK H nopy^HJEi eft xosHftcTBO. Majio-no-Hajiy oHa 
saxBaTHJia bjibctb Ha^b hhmi. Ohb ynpaBjuuna, a OHib hobhho- 
BBJicfl CB nojiHHHi paBHOAymleH'B. HnorAa, Bnpo^em, rpy6ocTB 
ea o6paii(eHlJi sacTaBJiHJira ero BCTpeneHyiBca. Ona ero A^pxajra 
B-B pysaxi, peBHya cbok) BJiacTB, rpy6yH) h fficnomnnjv). Ma- 
jritmifi cnopi BusuBajTB ci ea CTopoHH rphkh, sanajiB^HBOCTB, 
nopoft HeHCTOBisa BcinmiRH. Oh'b noRopajrca, npHHEicaa Ha ce- 
6h Bci BHHU. Ohi 3HajrB, HTO OHa Ao6pa h npeAanna, nyBCTBO 
bbji'b, ^to OHa ropAHTca cbohitb MajieHBKHn npaBOirb npHrl- 
CHflTB ero, H MaxaJi'B pyROio. Tofab h ohb cranosHJiacB RpoTRoft 

H H^HOfl, nSBHHHJiaCB BSFJlHAOlfB HJIH JIBCROft SB CBOK) BCnmnBy. 

— %o 6yAerB, rofab th cTaneniB CorarB? — cnpamHBaJia 
OHa HHorAa. 

— Hy, BToro HHRorAa He OyAeiib. 

Ohb Ra^asa roJiOBOft. PasB^ pa6oTa 6ypacya ne npHBOAHJia 
BcerAB Ri 6oraTCTBy, bi penri, Kb xopoinHMi nociejiairb, na 

ROTOpBrXl UOSHO BfbXETbCa? 

OjIHBBe, A^ftCTBHTeJIBHO, HO JfJUBJTb B^ dlH MHHyTU 6oraT- 

CTB%. Gjiobb ero jih)6obhhi(u RaaajiHCB eicy OescmicjieHHtiME, ho 
BceraRR ohb cjiymajLi hxx cb sauHpanleirB cepAQa. Ohh sBy^ajra 
B-b ero ymaxB, jsAKb npeACRasaHie raAaJUBiitHi^u Ha Rapiaxi. 

Ych'Ix'bI ycnixB! BuAth bi oahhb npeicpacHfiift a^hb hsi 
OTOfi ^epHOft aHH, BB ROTOpOft OHB npo3H6ajrB, Tjai hhrto He 
CJiumHrb ero puA&Hlft, rfik owb pHCRyerB yiiepeTB cii tojlojxj. 

OAHascAii) OH'B nepe^eJTB ipijiyK) rjiaBy. Eny noRasajiocB, hto 
xojiOAHUjEk BiTepB, CBipofl h sjotOBOHHUft, RaRi A^xskHie norpe6a, 
npomeJi'B no ero JHHi^y. $pa8u 6ujih MepTBu, 6e8JRH8HeHHH. Ont 

BHCijm, RBBB JRBJIRia JHOXMOTBH. CipaHHI^a 3a CTpaHHI^eft BaiOIJmCB 

wb RaRyio-TO nponacTB, ychaHHyio ofijioMRaiiH npeAMetOBB, no- 
TepaBmHXB ^opify h sna^eHie. 

Ohi> HOAyMaJiB, hto cxqahtb cb yica, h pisRO oxtfpocHJTb 
6yMarH, hbai ROTopuMH ero roJioBa HeBiiHOCBUo RpysuacB. 



OIEBBE MTAHl. 197 

Hn ero rpjAH BupsaJiai CesnoMon^HHft Rpiucb tockh H^npn- 
SHBa: 

— FoHopHHa! 

— Tu 60J16HI?— cnpocHJia ona^ B6iraa bi KOKHaTy. 

Ona Aepsajia ero sa njie^H h cnpamHBajia rjiasaHH, neicfloro 
6jiiwaff, HcnyraHHaa h CMy^eHHafl cipaAajtBHecKHiCB Bupase- 
Hieinb ero jraivu 

Qhi npepsajTb T£sejioe MOJinaHie h BUCKasajDiii eft cboh com- 
MHinia. OH!b roBopHJTb AOJKFOy cJiOBa ero 6uj[h aBBHiejiBHH, 
xrjiMy ropBKH JOkKb sejraB. Oh^ onHcajrb CBoe onajude. MnHy- 
TaMH 0H!& ocraHaBJOiBaJicfl on jsjaunBumTb ero puAaelft. 

FoHopHHa cjiymajia ero GesyqacTHO. Eji jmufi Bupasaao 
jHmB Tynoe yAHBJieHie. 

— OjsfiBxo Tu xoJUKeHi>-se SHETB, zopomo dxo Hjm xypHO,— 
OTB^Hajia OHa h npH6aBHj[a: 

— Korxa TH saEpmajTB ceftnacB, a ^QTMaJiiay hto leCfl pi- 
xjTh... 7 Te6fl ^auio^IIHa^iH... I^ nopxHioB ce6i spoBB h 
jiOMaemB roJiOBy tbohmh HeroAHHiai sHEraMH h CyMaraira*.. 
SnaeiiiB hto, npoflwicB no BoTaHH^ecROMy ca^, tu ho buxo- 
vrjTB ABoe cyiOR'B: dio ocb-Ishtb tbok) roJiOBy. 

Qna ero npornajna ryjuTB, owh KpoiRO noBSHOBajicfl h, co- 
BepmeHHO yHHuroseHHuft, Cpoahjtb xo canoft hohh. 

Cx lix^B nopi OKh ysHajii'B TOCEy, HeyBi^peHHOCTB, secroKifl 
CMimi nenajifl h paAocxH HejiOBiBa» ROTopufi muneTB RHiiry. 
HHorAa ohb npocunajica b'b TaKOiCB HacTpoenlH, BaRB 6yAT0 
0Hi> Chjtb iiojiy6orB; BenepoiTB owb saBopa^HBaJiCA b% cboh 

UpOCTHHH, RBKB TpyiTB BT> CaBEHB, RaRl HenOSBHSHOe T^JIO, 

R81 ROToparo Aynia yjierijia, jammBmHCB ynoBaniA. 

msH irbcflipi, 6ucTpo h MeA^eHHO bb oxho h TO»e BpeMfl. 
EHHra noABHnuiacB BnepexB cpew Haxeacx^ h coiraiBift, h no 
Kipi Toro, RaR^B oh:b pa6oTaji'B, hm^b OBJUuiBaJsa rjiy6oRafl h h&r- 
nafl JQ060BB Ri» joofflwb. TojDDKaacB uexgy HapoAoia», cpeAB 6ifr 

HflROBB, ROTOpUHH 6UJL1> nOJIOHl AOITB, Tf^ OHB aOUTB, OWb nO- 

HyBCTBOBajTB CpaTCRyio CHMnaiiK) ri axnirB necuciHHicib. Bi 

8TBZ:B HHn^enCRHX^B XOSJlftCTBaXl, TJS^ 60JIBHBIfl A^TH RpHHaJIH 

noK^jaiiTB HOHaiTB, ohb HaxoAHJn» npeAannocTB) vyxecTBO, ynop- 
CTBO B'B jifljirb, CesponoTflocTB, ROTopu^ ero TporajiH 6ojDie, i.iui> 
canne npeRpacHue nopuBii RpacHopi^Hijsi. Ohi nyBCTBOBaJS'B, hto 
cianoBHTCJi JiyHme, jehba cpeAn HapoAa, rpy6ocTB Roioparo ero 
He ocRopCjiHJia. YTpoiCB oHi oCiiiHHBaJicji HCRpenHHiTB H Apy- 
secRHUi pyRonoacarieiCB c:b pa6oraMH, HxynpiMH na paCoTy. 
Ohb cjujrmajTB hxi cnopu, coniajiBHUH rpesu h^rotopuxb Me^ia- 
lejieft; oni yAHBJiHJKCH xx:b yny, niTROciH nxi» cysA^Hlft, crpen- 
jienlK) vb ocyn^ecTBJieHiiD cnpaBeAJDiBocTH. 

H OHB Me^TBJIB 62ITB ROFAa HH6yAB pynOpOMB BCiX'B npH- 

ABBJieHHUXB, BdxB GespjiacHBixi H cTpaAaion(HrB. 



198 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 



xvn. . 

PasTi, yipoiTB, BorAS owb iiHcajii, bi Heny texohbko aociy- 

HaJIHCB. 

— BoflxHTe, — saspH^ajTb ohi^, xan RaKi kjuo^'b Cuutl Bib 

BomeoTb Jlasapioci; KpacHoe jaupj xejuTOBaxuft Kocnoirb, 
mBpoEift RpacHuft rajiCTyxi na mei, ci pasBiBaioiitfliiHCfl roh- 
i^aiin, iDBpoRafl BoftJiOHHa^ nuuina Ha roJioBi. 

OjTBBLe BCRpBRHyJTB 0Tb p^^OCTH H 6pOCHJICfl Kb K^JTJ Cb 
pacRpuTuiiH oGlflXUllH. 

— KaRl, 9T0 TH? 

— ^a. fl c:b BHBHTOiTb. SI HacTO npoxoacy mhmo; x^bho co* 
CapaiocB saftTH h BHRypHXB ch xo6ok) xpy6Ry. HaRoneiTby boxi 
fl H npHmajTB. 

Oh'b o6BOAHjrB RoicHaxy BsrjuiAOirBy RaR^b 6jjsfo HCRajTb ^ero-xo. 

— CRasH nosajiyftcxa! Th oxjihhho mBeniB. KoMHaia xa- 
Raa HBcxaji, RaR% HOBeHBRaa HOHexa; axo Beceao... Sjajbch nax- 
Hexi sennpHoft... 

Ojuiblo yjoifiHyjiai h noauurb njienaioi. 

— Haft%K)Cby fl xe6fl He cxIchjuo, — npHCasKirb Jlasapiocb 
cRpouHo. — Tu snaemb... SI nosMy xe6i pyRy h ao Apyroro paaa... 

OhI XaHHCXBOHHO HOHHBHJIX FOJOEOCb, CXOA HeHOABVSHO HO- 

cpeffi ROMHaxfii. 

— Ho xu HBRoro HO cxicHaemb, HanpoxHRi. CaAHCb se, 
noroBopHiTb... Ha6eft cbok> xpy6Ry... Y mbhh wbrh xa6aRy... SL 
He RypK). 

— y tfOHJi eCXb CBOft. 

JlasapKHTb ciJTb, 6pocHBi» CBOK) mjuiny na RpoBaxb, h ao- 
cxajni Hsi RapMaBa rpoMaAHbifl RHcexi^, Ha6HXiitt xaBaRon, tohho 
Hyaupb. OjsHBbe saMixHJirb dXH Hepxu neCuBajiaro BejanEOJrlniH 
Ao6paro Majiaro, Roxoparo owh BcerAa onoCHjrb. 

— He nojiyHHJi^b jih xu HacjuibACXBa? — cnpocHjrb oob, npn- 
RpuBafl 6yMarH sa cxoJii JiHCxoirb rasexu. 

— Hi^Tb en^e. Si ag^y HacjiiACXBa,8xo npasAa* Ho, bo1-x%, 
RorAa emfi oho npsAexi, a BO-fixopuxi... H^ROJibRO 6HaexoBi bi 
ThLcmj ^paHROBi... CxoHxi JHH Hsi sa dxoro xejiaxb cicepxH 
Ao6pofi cxapyxB, Roxopofi a Bnpo^eirb HHRorAa ne BHA^Jrb... 

— mWb SELQ XH cxajTb xoHepb? 

Jlasapioc^b CA'&saJi'b ABHsenie rojuoBOfi h cRop^Hjrb rpnicacy, 
oxi» Roxopoft samiflcajia ero xpy6Ra. 

— Hxd! iHsTb cxajm? J[dk Bce xiH^b asel RaRHM'b nopxox^b 
cxany & xenepb, wb moh toah? Jl^enb npoxoAHTb sa A^eBTb, a 
MeaRAy hhmh — noHb, EaacAoe yxpo a saHiqaio, hxo en^e jkhbi, 
H Hopofi cnpamHBaK) ceOa: sa^Hi? sau^Hx, axo coJiHAe; sa^irb 



0I2BBB JlklkWh. ,199 

jioJiByrb cipufl TyHH, H^erL fpxtf^ Hjm ch^tb; sa'iiicb Cujio 
B^epa, ceroxHfly sasipa, Bcerxa; santicL KaTflicfl diuniaaKH, w- 
^ivh BnepeAB bxi» diryn jiomajpi; Kb neuy jno;pi, ROTopHe 
jKBByn, roBopflTB, KpHHan, BosaTca, icaBi iiTRipi bi KypflTHERi? 
dia HencTOBafl npHB^saHHocTB ri xhshh Menfl npociro hbjm- 
uerb. Torna a Hanpflraio CBOft yin, Kara h^wb mazMaTHoft 
saAaneft, CTapaacB ce6i npexcxaBHTB, tto 6uji[0 621, ecjm 621 
mnero ho 6wio. Hyl a en^e ne HamoJii pimemfl. A laKb BaR'B 
s TfTb mnero He noHHMaio, to h ffijiaH) to, ho b(A APyrie, 
T. e. asHBy. Snaeinb, mh% KaseTca, Aftse, ^ito a CHacTjoiBil 
Ojkhbbo pasciiifljicii. Bi ero BOicHaTy nazHyjio cBiauorb bos- 

^QPCOMI. OhI BCIIOMHHJrb T^ H^KOJIBKO MtCAAeB'b, KOTOpUe OHH 

npoBejiH BMicTi bi Fpocjiei, iiocni ocaxu, hxi nyxHUH npo- 
ryjiKH Kb Jiicy MoHMopaHCH, npeKpacHut sanaz^b seiuui h co- 
KOBi, KOTopuft OHi, BiiBAopaBjnBaBndft, BXHxam, KaKb jrhseoh- 
Hiift dJieKCHpi; B0jane6Hy]D BecHy Toro roxa, noToirb noxapi 
Hapflza, Ha KOTopuA ohi rjuxiJii CBepxy, cpexH tAfpsrh h 
TaKse HcnyraHHbirb npyccaKOB'b. , 

— Aa, BaRi 6ucTpo yxoAHTb BpeiiHl — CRasajTb Jlasapiocb. 

Gepwe OjiHBbe csaxocb. Bi caiioicb a&iA, hto ohi QA^an 

BOpOAOJESBHlH dTHXl FOAOBi; OCIH OHl nOAHHKeTCA HasaAb, HO 

x^BOHirb cniAAMi) niarb sa maroicby AOHb sa AHem, hto offb 
HafiA^n? RaBoft HenpepuBHHft p^A'^ nycTflROBi, qinjEflBmHxca 
OAHH sa APynixi| cocTaBJuurb HHTb ero cyn^ecTBOBanifl ci Tin 

HOpi, KBKb OHl CraJTb ICySHHHOft!.. 

Jtasapncb npoAOsajrb CojiraTb cb rhm HsCuTKOirb BRcnaH- 

'CHBHOCTHy KOTOpHft HpHCyO^l jnOAflin>, BHAflOpiMl Wb HUISHH JDHHb 

4ia6aBy a^ui rjiaax h yiia. Ho OuBbe noHyBCTBOBan noTpe6-* 
Hocib HOAiiHTbCfl cb HHiTb CBOHXH DJiaHaMH H HpepBajTb ero, 
^TO&b cnpocHTb, HTO OHi AyMaerb khbt^ TaKoro-TO coAepsa- 
Hk; aaiiirb owh pasBsn nepeA^b HHirb cbok) Mucn. 

— 3to He AypHO... npaBO... th HHmemb 8to? 

— Aa. 

— AI 

Owb MOjraajTb HicBOJibKO ceKyHAi ex OMpaHenHfiDTb jonflwb, 
cicynteHHinrb BsrjuiAOirb, crpanno HCKpHBJieHHuicH ry6aiiH. Mosho 
6ujLo noAynaTb, hto ohi cTpaAaerb. Owb aoBxopHjrb H^BOJibBo 
pan: 

— Al 6al... 8T0 xopomo... aTO o^enb xopomo... 
HasoHei^x ohx BUROJiOTHJi'b soJiy m% Tpy6RH cbox) Hory r 

CKasajTb: 

— H TaRse AynftJii HanHcaTbREUiry... RorAa icni Ctuio ABaA- 
j^iTb jrlrb. fl A^se na^ajrb nacaTb, Tenepb ne noHmo kbjblq to^ho 
o HeHi. 3to 6fiLiio TTO-TO yacacHO sanyiaHHoe. Tain» 6wio bcb. 
SI BHOBb co^HHJii BH6jiiio, HOHHHaemb: BH6jiiK) XIX B^Ka... Oh 
7060H} 6yAeTb TO-se, hto h co mhoA. 



200 PrCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

OjiHBBe noHyBCTBOBajn HesupasHtfoe CT^Henie. RaKB 6yxT0 
jAapi Horoft paspyiiiHjrb ero s^aHle. 

— EHHral — npoAOJURajTB 6oreKa. — Passi ecTBHacB^Ti RHiiral 
Ch Bin. EcTB TOJiBRO la, ROTopyiD HHKorAa He HanHmyn h ito- 
Topaa He Mosen 6utb HanHcana, KHHra, ROTopyio HepeKHBaems 
xeHB sa AHeiTB, cxpaHHi^a sa cxpaHEiteft. IlepByio ciposy dioft 
RHHrH Haxo HaoRcaTB Bib HHTBAecarB jrbTh... fl MorB 6u sa dTo 
npHHflTBca, noTOMy ?to mh6 CRopo Cy^eTB narBAecarB.,. Ho Ror- 
Aa, RaR^B H sa^m? ^Jia dxoro HyjRHo, BO-nepBHX'B, ^o6tf b'b 
RapnaHi CpaHHajut MOHera vh qhtb ^paHROBi... Fjx^ vrb BiiyxHtB? 
Ojifixjsj... Ej ee, nojosHiTB, AocraTB jier^e. BsrjiaHH BorBHadiy 
napy, ee uwb a^i oahhi^ fiajiaxi, MHjmioHep'B. IIoicTB TaRsce 
yAaeica:.. xora aio ipyAHie. Ho AenBrn?.. J^aBaiB ypoRH Ma- 
jieHBRHiTB, AepsRHiTB coHJiflRaMi, ROTopue HanojKHeHH Bceft rjiy- 
nocTBK) ABjTh 6ypKya8HHxi ^aiffljiit, napoHHo coeAHHHBoraxca 
AJia iixi» posA^HiH? IIocTynHTB na CJiyjK6y bi MHHHCTepcTBo? hoa'b 
HanajiBCTBO 8o6acTaro CTOJuona^ajEBHERa, ROTopufi mcthti leOi sa 
TBoe npeBocxoACTBo, TURaa b'b hocb cboh Hacsr, RorAa tbi ones- 
AaemB, Hjoi HaxoAa op^orpa^HHecRyio onmCRy bi AORJiaAHOfi sa- 
HHCR'I! GiaTB npHRasuROiTB vb ToproBOiTB Aoiri^? HO b-Iab mokho 
OTpaBHTBca CMpaAoifBy HcxoAfln^HM^B Hdi AenesHuxi cyHAyR0Bi>! 
HaROHeifB, AonycTHMi, ^o a npomeJTB nepesib axo... AonycTHirB^ 
HTO a npoBeji AsaAiVkiB jAvb aRESHn, npHROBaHHuiTB rx CTyjiy... 
PasB*! a Bi|A^^ 6u hto HH6yAB? pasBi a xhjtb 6u?.. A lenepB, 
a 8HaK) TUca^H jiioAeft bi IlapHjRi, a iixi BCTp^Haio. Hsy^aio^ 
cji'lacy sa hhmh, noACMaTpHBaio... a snaio hxi MeTni, hxi mbic- 
JIH, Hxi nopoRH... a mnloHH) sa hhmb... SI snaio bc& ott^hrh 
saRaia h BOCxoAa cojmipi co Bcixi moctobi, co Bcixi bucotb..^ 
A BHA^x, RaRi» naAaen aosa^ na Bci MocTOBua... 9 snannpa- 
bu cia nueifeHB, oCHraiontHX'B b% IlapHsi 6orb o 6or%, bi^ 

B^HHOft 6opB6i HOSAy CO6OH)... fl SHaH) paAOCTE TpanHHHHROFB, 

CirjoncB, 6aHKnpoBi, npoAasHUx^B ^RennpiHB... HaROHem», ce6a, 
a snaio CBoe a orojio naiHAecaTH jiirB... Si snaio Ty Ry^ crpa- 
HHAXy ROTopaa laiTB octb BHyTpH Mena, xoTa onine HanHcaHu; 
a HacTO Hxi nepeJiHCTUBaio, nepeBopa^HBaio, nepesHBaio... Ho- 
sajiyft, A^uKe h jRainco... Bce, hto Tam co6paHo, pacnoiBiBeTcay 
RaRL jdOMh m'h Tpy6RH, Bi xy MEHyxy, RorAa Moe cepAi](e nepe- 
CTaneTi 6HTBca... Sa^irB aro Bce 6ttjro h noneicy Bce aio o6pa- 

THTCa B'B HRHTO? JlioSOHUTHO, OAHaRO, HOJiy^HTB Ha dTO OTBilTB 

nocai CMepiH... 

Ohi» nporoBopHJE'B cbok) THpaAy MejianxojnnHO, icancOi Ces^B 
HenaBHCTH, 6esi» rn^Ba, Ha6HBaa ManraHajuBHO CoJiBmHicB najiBi:(eirB 
CBOK) Tpy6Ry. Hotoitb owb saRypHjrB h BBinycTHJirB rpoicaAHoe 
ofijiaRO rojiy6aro w^aid^ noAHaBmeeca ao noxoaiKa. 

OjiHBBe ^yBCTBOBajTB HiROTopoe cipaHHoe npHHHseHie nepeA^ 

dlHirB JriHHBKM'B J^HHHROITB, CB erO HOdTHHeCRHlCH BHAiHiaMH. 



OJIHBBE XATAHl. 201 

— Ho,— iipH6aBEj[% JIa8apK>ci9 — Bce aro JiHiepaiypa. Th se 
nojnmnci. Th xejiaemb npHxni Kb neicy HH6yAB. ^Jta Te6fl hjjk* 
HO KbBcmiel Tboa KHHra— cnpaBOHHaa RHHia jiflu aftBOKaia, rhh- 
ra xiiBiia, Koropyio nysHO 6pocHTB uogb hofh hjih b'l jlvho 
nyfinsi... ^to-an, 6htb hokoti, veCi h yxacTCfll.. 

XoTfl TOHB dTBTb cjnoBi BupasajTb TJiyCoKOo oposp'lHie, OWh 
HO MorB CKpuTB TO SO ApoxaHle ry0B, Roropoe h paHBme hobojibho 
ofinapyicHBajio CKpHiyio saBHerB — 6htb HOserB, cosajiiHle o cbo- 
eft xftpoiTB norpa^eHHOfi shshe. 

OjUBBe nOHflOTB dTO H DpOCTEJTB. 

Bb ary kbejtj xBopB oTBopKsacB. ToHopHHa cjoimajia Bnpo- 
XOJiseHlH XByxB qacoB^ xx'b Ceciffy h npanuia nocMOip^TB, rto 
8TorB HesBaKOMeqi cb TamrB rpoMRiiirB roJiocoirB. 

JlasapncB BCRoqui, noiuioHHjrcfl iiepeifOHHo, po6KO, hmobko, 
o6jnraa naiBipi orneicB Tpy6RH, ROTopyio OHicrapaJicfl noiyniHTB. 

— Cy«... cyxap-.* CopnoraJTB ohi. 

QoEBBe CMorpijii Ha Hero, yxBBJUflJiCB aroft Heo6uHaftHoA pa- 
CTepaHHOcn. ^ero paxH oni HrpajiB ary KOMesiio? IIoHeuy oh'b 
oeiaBajiCH, kbk^b npiipocmlft cpeAH BOHHaxu, naKJiOHHB'B CBoe 
orpoMHoe TyjioBH^e, KairB 6yAT0 rb HHirb Bonua RopoaeBa? 

— ^a caxHCB xe h opoAOJiaLaft RypHTB... dro FoHopHHa, hoa 
cocftARa... Moft APyn JlasapiDci. 

roHopHHa, 6pocHBX BSTJUA'^ Ha noc^THTejia, noRasajia bha'b, 

HTO yXOAHTB. 

— He JB[ BacB nporoHflK) cyA&p^iHfl?— nporoBopnirB 6oreMa, 
noAHiKaacB cHOBa co cryjia h npoTxiniBaA pyRy £b CBoeft mjufln*!. 

— 0, HftrB, HHCROJIBRO... SL fJU^LSAj ^TO OjlHBBe OAHHl... 

SI npBAy nocjii. 

Oea BdflJiacB sa pyHRy ABepH. 

— EosajiyftcTa, — HacTamai'B Jlasapiociy — HJiHflTose yflAJ- 

— flfi ociaBaBcA, — CRasajii OjuuiBe, oAsch. 

FoHopHHa TBRse Rycajia^ryCH; HTo6HHe pacxoxoraTBOi. JIk>- 
6e8H0CTB BToro orpoMHaro MoaoAiia, ero Beceaioe jun^o, a^RJi&^a* 

TOpCRlft TOHl ero CJDEOB'B H TeaTpaJIBHUO SeCTU BilSUBaJIH HeaojiB- 

HHft BonpoGB, mo dTO 8a CByMacmeAmift? 

— CyAapHHfl, — ^Ha^ajiB ohi,— a cTapsft Apyri OjmBBe... H ero 
oHeHB JiK)64ao... Mu nepesHjra BMteri ysacHua laiHyTH, ho h 
xopomla Taane. H ecjoi 6u ne Tpe6oBaHija[ jrhshh, ne saTpyA- 
HHTejiBHOCTB, ch ROTopoft nojryHaemB CBoft sasTpaRi, na ^to 
HAen ysacHo mhoio BpeuoHH, bu 611 Mesa sHaJiH yse a&bho. 

HeHHoro HaRjuoHHBniHCB BnepeA'B, ohb roBopajB, pasicaxHBaa 
pyRaxH, H He cnycRajorB rjiasi* ch FoHopHHu. 

IIoTOHiy noBepnyBniHCB rb OjiHBBe, ohb norpenajii ero no 
HJie^y H CRasajTB: 

— 0, OKB MOJiOA^ eme, nepeA> hhwb 6yAymee, y Hero octb 
^ecTOJirio61e. 



202 P7GGK0B BOrAlCIBO. 

FoHopHHa ero npepsajsa. 

— Jlfij HO OVb O^eHB BOpUHB^b H npBJ^HpHHB'B. Bk HO 

Mosere ce^*! npeAcraBHib, Kasi om> Hy^aeTCA hbgio mn sa co- 
BepmeHHUXi nyciHROBi. nXBupaerb Gyjcara, dpocaen ehhth, 
cuofpBTb Ha sacii, KaKB EomRa, soropofi npHn^^mra XBOcrs, ro- 
BopHTb, HTO BC6 cossoTi, HTO y6B6!r& C6(5fl H TOicy noAo5Hoe. 
H ys'lpena, «o bu He Tasoft... 

— 0, fl, — HporoBopHJi'L Coreira cb MHorosHaHHTennoft yjiH6- 
E0%—SL He b% c^eTB... Kb Toicy se, snaere, nejEBsa ciasHtB bi 
sacjiyry, hto a Bcerxa AOBOJieff&; bto BonpocB TeMnepaiceHTa, aro 
saBHCHTb on poBHaro npasa, otb HopiiajiBHurb x npaBHAHurb 
OTHpaBJieHift opraHHSMa... H HH^ero ne jsejiaio, HH^ero ne npo- 
my, HHsero ne xfj. H jao6jm sech idpi: Corana, soTOpHt 
npo^^BsaeTb memo mohh vh Baperl, saRyTaHHHt b^b cboio my6y, 

1T0 MeHfl sacTaBJuerB shbo ce6i npexcraBRTB on^yH^eHie AOBon- 
CTBa H TenjioTu; pa6oHaro, ROToput HaoHBaeica nBAHUirB b% 
cy66oTy, pyraen MeHH, h mh% dio cir&mHO. Rorxa a Bcrpi- 
qaio BjDoCaieHHia'B, npHsaBoiHicfl spyrb ri Apyry, Racb 6h 
cJiHTuzi Biiicift, wai CTanoBHTCfl Tenmo na fjuA. Ecsol aro 
Hec^acTHufti Bi jioxKOTBarB^ zyxol, nosejirtBinli on jmmeBift 
H 60JI&HH Hjui nopoRa, Bce paano, a roBopio: GiflEflrar, 
SH8HB Tflaceia, ny, noTepnurB. JKhshb ne Bi^na, a Bt Ronqi 
6Ji npeRpacmift h bH^woA noRoft. Th CyxeniB HauasxaTBca bi 
TBoem cocHOBOiTB rpoCy, noxony hio CMepiB eciB paft necHa- 
CTHuxi. He roaoxETB, He zojuoxaiB, ne saBHAOBaiB... 

FoHopHHa oiyniaiia ero cocpexoroHeHHO. Eft 6sjra snaRoiiH 

dXH MUCJIH, 0H% HOCimaJOl t 00. ^OpiiyJIHpyfl EXB, dTOn HOJIO- 
BibR^B OTRpHBaJH Oft ^BCTB Oil CaHOft, TBMHHft yrOJIOrE OA X7°™« 

ROTopHft lenepB ocBinuicfl. Okb RaRi 6u yraxaJU'B ee, Kan jiob- 

Kift HCnOBiXHHRly ROTOpHft BBIBiUaeTB BamH npHBHaHifl, HW HM% 

Haacipi^y. Ohh odM^HflJoicB BsroiAxoHi^ noJiHinrB rjnyGoRoft cmiaa- 
TiH, H CTajm cpasy xpys^MH. 

— Ho OHi?— cnpocHJTB JlasapiocB, nepeM^HflaxoffB,— Hero eiiy 
MyuTBCA? Ohi HHmen RHHry, Roiopaa fiysen hm^tb ycnin. 
Ohx MOAceTB pa6oTaTB, y nero octb bojea... Ci bthitb xocnraion 
MHoraro... Oe^ ho Heancaa RaHajiBfl h ho pHCRyen sapBaTBca... 
%o se Te6H xasB orop^aerb? 

OjiHBBe HyBCTBOBajTB ce6H HOJioBRo H HO SHajcByiHTO otb6thtb. 
diH ABi napu rjiasi, oxHAaion^Hx^B ero OTB^xa, cnynitajui ero. 
To, hto OHi MOFB CRasaTB, 6JA3LO cjiHiHROirB xyicaHHO. 

TorAa FoHopHHa Havana: 

— KoHe^Ho, owb He c^acTjniB^B, ho octb 6ojrfie Hec^acTHue 

H^M'B OHl... B'b KOEHi ROHI^OBl A HO 8HaK) XOpOmOHBRO, HOFO 

OHi> xoHOT'B... HpasAa, hto eny ne Besjio Roe bi nem... 

H oHa pascRasajra o neyAawoMi uocibn^eHlH Eappo, o6i> ot- 



OnBB£ AA.TAHX. 203 

HaflsiH OjDiBBe, o ero oTKaai noBiopETb BHsarby o ero x&jlo- 
6arB... 

— Ax'B, Hoprb bosbmhI — CBasajrL Jlasapioci, aa nojiOBHHy 

HpOHHHeCBH, Ha nOJKOBHHJ COpBeSHO.— ECJIH HI TfkKh 6Y]lfiXnb 

BecTH CBOH A^^i Tti HO AajiOBO yftxemB. Tu nepBeHi h qyBCTBH- 
rejLewhy isBSSb apTHcn, a MesAy litfi, b^ab isoe a^o coBc^n 
H6 uLWSBjmji Hcci^CTBa, a noJiHTHBa, T* e. A^o rpy6o6, eb eoto- 
poMy npHCTynaioTb, saBepnyBi pynaBaAO nJieTb, Hnocjui Moion 
xopomeflBEO pyBH, npeacAe nina c^ctb rb 06^^79 ^^^ npexJio- 
SBTB pyKy pasAymeHHOft Aaiii. HsCiraft HSJiHmHed n^eneTHJiBHOcxB. . 
FopAOCTB xopomee ffbjio, ho ona ne BOAen hh kb nexy. H 6iunb 

rOpAB, fl TOJDbKO dTHMB H 6bJIB, H BOTB BHAHmBl.. fl H TOHepB 

CHHTBH) C66fl Bione BcirB, y Koro a hofb ^0 HH6yAB npo- 
CHTB... Aa, HO A^ Moeft BapBepH HysHa botb TBRas mnpoBafl 
rpyAB, BOTB lasoe tijio, soiopoe hhhto ne Morao noABOCHXB. 
SpoMi Toro fl He cxpaASK) senBio, fl ne laKoft jsejmit, EasB 
Hi, y HOHH TSfArb joa^a ne hoxoxb na HOAOBp&iuft jehmohb, 
saRB y leCfl. H, o^ob^aho, h co^aHB 6iueb koa shshh coaepita- 
lejsBHoft. H^ BipojnsO; mofb 6ji A^cxBOBaiB bb npomeAnda Bpo- 
MOHa, HO yzB naB^pHO ho cosAanB ffls jffiis, bb Hacrofln^eMB... 
A m— A&io jSfijTWl BoBBpanviftCfl bb 8THMB JEiOAflirB, HaAO%A&ft 

HHB, BHBOAH HXB H8B Xepiri^HiH, HOKB OHH He nOHyBCTByK)TB yrpU- 

BBBift covbcn, una noxa ohh He saxoTATB oTA^axBca 0TBie6fl, 
HcnojDmiBB CBoe oC^n^anle. Bca cua bbtokb, hto6b yHpaBOUTB 
cbohmb KpoBOo6pani[eHieiiB... He hbao spacHiiB... BorAa ne bu- 
KasHBaemB cxsa&> owb h ho cy^ecTByeiB*.. Bee aro, mosotb 
6htb, He o^eHB spacHBo, ho hto A^aiB? Ha sexjii znyrB 
TOJIBEO jmffi. 

OjiHBBe He OTBinajTb. Bb jmab, ohb AJxajiB, tto ne boc- 
nojuBsyeicfl dTHim cpeACTBavH. Ohb npHAeiB eb cBoeft isjisa. cb 

BMCOEO nOAHflTOft rOJIOBOft. 

Jlasapioci BCTasB. 

— H oCUffoo ceroAHHCB mohmb Bajiaxo][B,--CEa8ajrB okb. — 
CEopo BenepB, AOJUEHO 6vtrh nopa. IIosBOJDiTe bu ich$, made- 
moiselle, saxoAHTB nosypBTB dToro napHA? 

— 0, A2^« SaxoAHxe nonage. Ohb cjumiEOHB oahhoeb. 
6oreMa BumejTB, hba'^bb caHoyB^penno cbok) mnpoEyio ^er- 

poByK) mjuny, BunaiBBB rpyAB, noEauBaacB na fioApaxB h sa- 
caacB CBOHm mapoEHMH naie^aMH ctIhb yssaro EoppHAopa, Be- 
Ayn^aro kb jEiicTHHi^. 

xvm. 

Ha Apyrofi AeHB OjiHBBe BepHyjica aomoA pascipoeHHUfi. 

— a noiepaJiB ypoKB, — CKasajiB ohb FoHopHHi. — Pe6eH0KB 
6oJieHB, ero nocuJiaiOTB na iofb. 



204 P7CGK0E BOrATCTBO. 

— HaftAeniB spyroft, — oTB^qana ona npocro. 

^a, HO dTO sHaHHJio npepeaxB pa6oTy. Oai coxpaHHsi cho- 

maHlA Ch OAHHirL H8% CBOHXl npeiKHHZl UpO^CCOpOBl, ROTO- 

pufi OHy xocTaBJEAJTb ypoRH, HO npo^ccopi He jubn euj HB^ere 
yKasan. BpeMfl roxa 6um He6AaronpLiTHoe. HyacHO Chjio no- 
AOSAaiB xBa Hjm TpH uicflipt, noKa npH(tsH8flTCA dRsaMemi. 

— ^Ba HJiH xpH v^^xvtl — BOCKJonooyjia FoHopHHa, onycniBi 
pa6oTy. 

Ona xoJiro CHorpijKa na nero uojin, coo6pasafl hto-to, h 
noTOMi cnpocHJia: 

— ROHHHmB TH EHBiy RL TOKy BpeiieHH? 

— Aa. 

— Hy, laKb HHinH ee... He 8a6oTbai hh o Hen's... fl 6yAy 
pa6oTaTB sa sbohxi. ^ 

Owb BcsoHHJTb. Ohi He acxajn HH^ero noAoCnaro, saGuBi 
npeAJsoaceHie, noropoe OHa euy CA^Jiajia yace oahhi pan paHBme. 

— KaiTb?.. m ueHfl 6yAemL coAepsaiLl./HoTii He AyvaeioB 
Toifb, HTO m roBopHms!.. ?to xe a 6yAy laRoe... 9to HeBos- 

MOSHOl— BOCKJmKHyJTB OHl CepAHTO. 

Ona yjni6HyjracL. 

— Ho ecjm se m B3nero ne naxoAHniB? 

— A HOftAy Ki OTi^y... owh waH jificn npuon. 

— y Hero HiTB HH rpoma, y TBoero oiiJia, okl crapi, 
ycTajri, ohb eJie ropmhtb ce6a cavoro... Th sacTaBHmB ero BotxH 
vb AOJHv... 3to 6yAeTB Aypso... 

OjiHue MOjraaji'b, Mpa^o CHOTpa nepoAi co6oft. Exy bchom- 
HHJDiCB CesHe^HUfl HanepH h rpyCuft rojiocB Jlasapioca. Bi no- 
n,o6BUz% 06cT0flTeJiBCTBaxB, 6oreMa tojobbo nepeAepHyjii-5H ue- 
HavH, KaKB cjOEOHi, sejiaioiiuft ocboCoahtbch on ci^ijm... Bb 
TO se BpeiiH OHi» cepAHirca na FoHopHHy sa m npeAioaceme. 
KaRi Majio OHa ero yBaacaen»y KaRHiTB cjia6iiirb cuTaerb ero, 
ecJiH npeAJiaraer& npHCTanHH^e, KaKi pe6eHRy. HiTi, ob% na- 
BipHO HaflA^n Apyrie ypoRH. Ohi CKopie nocTynHTB naASHpa- 
TejieiTB Bi caKyK) GiAHyio micojiy; CTanen qepHopaOoHBirb, «rbHi 
yroAHo!.. 

A RHHra? a dTorb Kmwsulk Topn&iHBiift TpyA'B, KOToparo, 
sHaHHTb, nejiBaa orohhhtb! ^pesi TpH Micflqa ona 6iuia-6u 
roTOBa, 8T0 HanipHoe. Ho RaRoio it^HOio? 

A HTO, ecjiH OHL corjiacHTca? ecjm ohi nporjioTHTL dTo yHH* 
2ReHle, RaRB bbbobi cyjsfi6iy RaRi Rpafinee npoHBJieHle ropAOCTH 

H yB^peHHOCTU Bl Ce6i, ^^ToCu BHOCJI'^ACTBIH BCHOHHHaTB 06% 

9Toaii», RaR^b caHOMi yjRacHoiTB HCHUTaniH, ROTopoe euy npH- 
xoAHJiocB no6tAHTB! ^to :Re! Ohb He 6yAerB RpacHiiB nepeAi 
FoHopHHOfi: aio tojibro saeiTB. Ohb BOSHarpaAHTB ee bhocji'^a- 
ctbIb! 

Ero 01061 npoHCHHJicfl. HHRorAa eni^e ohi ne Cujib TaRi 



OJIHBBE AATAffB. 205 

ocjiianeH-B napaseicb na/tesAu, RaB'b b:^ aiy roxHHy 6iACTBlft« 
£ro ycnin na^HercA nepesi ipn icicfli](a. Oh^ OTfl!ecerb cbok) 
KHflry K'b Bappo, h Ton osaacerb eny noKpoBHTeiBcrBO. Ero 
Tpyx^ nporpeMHTb bi> noAHTH^ecRoifB idp'ii. Ero mifl Cyxyn 
noBTopflTB. Eiiy npesciaBJuunicB tucshh jiioAelt cb sejiToft khh- 
roft noffb MHmsoft; ee 6jKprh nepeJiHCTUBaTL na yjoti^a'B. dTon 
ycntei oCesnemrB exy shshb, oispoerB 6yxyn^ee. Euy ho npH- 
AOTCfl npocBTB, jffh HOMy npBAyrb cb npewtoseniiaiR. 

— HeiTb TH AyMaemB? 

— nocjiymaft, FoHopRHa, a npHHEuaio... Cjiaroxapio Te6fl... 
Tu HHorAa AyuftemB, hto a fiyxy 6oraTi>... Boran? fl atoro He 
xyicaH), H He Tpe6yio«.. ho KJuiHycB Te6% hto tu ho ynpeniB 
npocToft pa6oTHHitefiI.. 

Ero KiflTsa SBynajia TopsecTBOHHo. Ohx He 8a]ciTHjrbB3rjiflA& 
CBoeft JiK)6oBHHitii, jieTy^aro pyicflHi^a, BcmiXHyBinaro na ea mfi- 
KaxB, fiiicTpo npoHeJKBRHyBoiaro osHBjreHiH ea 6jiiixHaro, CTpa- 
AajEBHecRaro XEUd^. 

Bd Ta&HfiiH HaxessBi FoHopHHu ocyniiecTBJiHjniCB. 

TeaepB. oHa sepsaaa bb cBoeft nojmofi BnacTH btofo ?ejio- 
Bisa, KOToparo JiH)6HJia, hbb npexaHHocxH rb ROTopoMy CtiJia 
roTOBa oT^aTB cbok) rpobb. BapoAOJixeHiH i^ijiBii^B iftcfli^eBB cb 
Toro Beqepa, RaRB OHa CTajia ero jrK)6oBHHi{efi, y nda 6ujiia 
TOJiBRO oAHa nijLb: RynHTB ero MaJio-no-icaJiy, bsatb na^B hub 
BeprBy HOftaBHTB ero, rhhytb rb cbohmb HorairB, noCiacxeHHaro, 
saBHCflH^aro otb en MHjiocepAiH. Ohb ho npHHaAiesajiB rb ea 
idpy, Kb en KacTi, oq;B He 6fiiaB npocTBiiCB pa6o?HMB. Oaa ot- 
JiH^HO noHHMajiia, hto ctohtb hhso ero. BuBajiH ahh, Ror^a OHa 
ero HenaBHA'&Jia, RaRB yRpoin^eHHBift ssipB, Roiopuft paqHTB npn 
BHA% CBoero rocnoAHHa. Ona BOsicyn^ajiacB, roTOBaa yRycHTB no 
HHCTHHRTy, H3B noTpe6HOCTH, Cpocaiofl^eft ApyrB Ha Apyra pas- 
jQ[H<[HHa, HOBHAHUony, Apy^ocRla pacBz, ireacAy ROTopuicHrayxaa, 
CRpniaa HenaBHCTB fotobhtb bb 6yAyn^eMB HeH86%XHyK) 6opB6y. 

PaAOCTB HoGiAU 6iiaa TaRB BeaHRa, ^ro ona xoT^a 6£i 
xmItb BosMoacHOCTB GpocHTBCH Ha meio OaHBBe, CRasaTB eiiy, 
^To OHa ero TenepB en^e CoaBOie aioCarB, hto ona 6yAeTB 8a6o- 
THTBca HOHB, aacRaTB 010. Eft RasaaocB, hto ofla cranoBHTca 
aynrne, 6ojrbe RpoTRofi, 6oai^e cocTpaAaToaBHoft. HnRorAa en^e ne 
npcTBOBasa ona ce6a TaRB 6aH8R0 CBasannoft co cbohmb aio- 

60BHHR0irB. 

Kb Toxy se, no cainoft B^p*! HOB^bacAH bb to, Hero ohb ho 
HOHHMaeTB, ona B-lpnaa bb nero. Ona yse BHA^aa ero bb 6y- 
Ayn^euB CoraTUHB h MorymiecTBeHHuicB. 

PaBB*! ona ho 6yAeTB yiacTBOfiaTB bb stomb ycnix*!? He 
HM%aa aH ona na aro npana? PasBi OasBBe bb sth ysacHue 
roAH nepBuxB hohutorb ho jifiji'b eft na ce6a CBoero poAa bor- 
ceaB. MoFB an ohb ne sanaaTHTB 3Toro Aoara? 



206 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

QfijtidCb owb omoh noBTopEn cboh bjutbuI 

BupoxjMseHiH AByxi uicwfivh Hyxxa 6iua aeannut. XjMib' 
BMxaBaxca no sopqfflirb, icaco in pixso h huh tojibbo wjfj. 
H, oxHaKO, 3TH ffOL xicjixta 6ium nojimi BecejuKH, cnciu ■ na- 
ffixm- y OjraBBe He dsuLO npwoBjsfowb Kaio^ymiH. Ocrb pate- 
Tank ex muoirb, jBipeHHwdt bx ycnixi. IIo Be^epairb ohh 6oji- 
Tan, 8a0aMuuicB cocraBJieHiem zHMepRHecRHX'b npoesroBX. 

no BpeiieHam h» nocinvurb JboapiocB, Koroparo ozHxan 
ci HerepiiiHieirb. Ohx BpHHOcurb Becoue. 

Tpeiift uicsn'b Hanajica h soH^HJica. (XmBBe nomejn onarB 
Kb CBoeicy npo^copy. YpoROBi m 6hj[o. 

— Hy, Tasx Hto-se?— roBopHJia roEopHna. — He oropnaftca, 

JifiKTOph JUvnOh npHCJUUTB, KX CHaCTBR), HQMHOIO ffimCb, ^OO 
HKb n08B0J[EJD[0 KyDHTB fflCROJIBKO JOTpOBl BHHa, H OjDIBBe OpO- 

sojusajix pa6oTaTB. En^e iribeBOiBKO raaBx, o6in!dk upacMotffh 
Tpyxa, nepeA^Ka HeyAaBmarocji nopipeTa, sauiDneHie, — h KHKra 
ore roTOBa. 

OnsLBXfji eiiy noKasajiocB, mo FoHopEHa liin to 08a60HeHa. 
7x0 H^CROJUBKO BpeKOHH OHa roBopKJia Maxo, 6Bua si^mraa, 
HpocmKHBaia Jioxojry, ycTpeMHBx rjiasa bx oxny Touy. Eorxa 
oiTb sBHJTb ee, OHa CHOTpina na Hero pacrepaHHo, KasB Cyxro 
MHCXH 6fl 61UH najieao. 

Torxa OHX CTaorB H86%raTB ea Bsrjuixa, Cojbecb noHfliB, vb nen 
xijio. ReysejiH npHAeTca CpocHTB KHHry TenepB, na nocjrixHHrB 
uaBanl 

OxHasAU FoHopHfla saroBopHia caiia: 

— OjiHBBe, a GepeMOHHa. 

Owb BCRpHKHyJIi: 

— Tu onm6aemBCH, th oniHCaemBcal.. 

— HiTX, TenepB a yse yB^pena. 

OffB cMOTp&ii Ha nee b% cnyn^emHy 6e^^> BCHKoft xucn, h 
era soHn^HHa RasaJOEacB eicy TenepB HyAOBHni[eicB, yrposaBnoDTB 
Bceft ero xhshh. Eiiy RaaajiocB 8to cHanajia npocro HOBipoHT- 
HHiTB. Bx nepBue iiicfliQi hxi cbash ohx nacro onacancH 6e- 
peiieHHOCTH, cnpamHBafl cefiH, bo BpeiM npHnaxROBX or^aanlay 
ino Cb HHicB 6yserB, bx cjiyiai droro HOBaro saTpyAHeniH. Ho 
ooaceHiH noHeMHory pascinanicBy h ohx sagsjix 061 onacHOCTH. 

FoHopHHa CMOTp'ijIia na Hero icpaHHUHH rjiasaicH. 

— Hy, ROHeTOo!— nporoBopHJia ona,— neJEBSfl 6utb vh cbash 
cb seHHiHHoft, He pHCRyfl noABeprHyiBCfl diouy... 

6x en rojioci 6ujia CRpuTaa paAOCTB. Ona npHfiaBHJia: 

— TenepB y xeSa ecTB combh. 

CeMBal ^enn^HHa, ROTopaa CEopo ne CyAOTB bx cocToaHix 
pa6otaTB, pefienoRB, poAu, MaiB-RopicHJiHiia!.. H hh rpoma Kb 



r 



OUBBK JUTAHl. 207 

Kapvaai! Hnero, Kpoxi iipo6jieMaTHHecKaro ycofaa bscmboh* 

HeHHOft KflHTJl. 

Al ecjoi6u Bi 8T7 MHH7T7 oxHHiTB cnoBOiTb, secTom, okboio 
CHJOio xejiaHiJi offb Kon sacraBRB npoBanrBCJi dry sennpiHy, 
sacraBKiB ee HCWBHyr&l 

— Ho roBopH se,— CKaaam osa eny cb yjni6B0ft, — roBopn 

HTO HH6yffB! Th CMOTpBDIB HE MeHfl, REKB CiaTy£. CbIUKH HTO 

HH6yxB... Th 6jrt)|Bffb, Kan iipttiep«... 

— ^To se KBb rem ocasaTB?.. Mh Bocnnaeirfc droro pe* 
6eHBa. HaMi (SojEbme HH^ero ho ocTaerca... JI 6yxy patforaTB... 
3to cjiynjuocB HeBcran... ^to, ecn a ne 6yxy HJcixB ycnixa? 

(tea noxonuia e% Heiiy, e ob^ noit&iiOBajis ee bi j[o(h», BHe- 
saiiHO H HeBOJQiBHO yMHJDiBniHCB HpH xucjuH muieHBKOM'B cy- 
qecTBi, ROTopoe HanHaso ^pmipoBaTBCA h 6ujiio yxe ero 
peCeHBOiTB. 



XIX. 

J^eflerB! x^erBl eiiy HyxHO 6iuo ffiuerb. Ero RHHra, KBJRe 
eaoL 6u owb ee KOHnjTB repeal nesbsio, ho jsficrb htb cet- 
Haci. 

EaftTH BSxaTejuil Ob% uomu He fjuM'b ofo droirB: A&^e 
ecra HBAaiejEb Haftxeicji, npoftxyn uicaipi, npeicxe ^iwh mosho 
6yxeTB nojiynHTB najniftiiiifl aBancB. A Meag^ liifB hh oahofo 

XHH COJIBine OHl He MOFB ^TB ZJli6'B FOHOpHHU. 9t0 6BUI0 6u 

GJonmcoMi HyxoBHH^o. 

OffB HacTo saniHajn no codbACTBy MajieEBKyio niROJiy, y6oryH> 
Ha BHffB, OTS&ieHHyK) OTB yjoiiQi pimeTROl, npyiBfl ROTOpoft 
^epexoBajiHCB cb noJiocaMH jiHCTOsoro sejrbsa rpflsno-aejieHaro 
itBtxa. dta niROJKa noicin^ajiacB si rj[y6HHA rjiyxoro nepeyjixa, 
sacejieHHaro pa6oTOiH. ^OMa sfficB Cum Mpanu, ct^hh cHpu, 
B8I OBOHi BHciJio CijiBe, To^o ^ani. 

He naftAexB jih ohi iiicTa wb eroft nncojii? 

OjlHBBe TOJIKHyjIl> BaJIHTRy H OHyiHJICfl BO SBOpi, Ha KOTO- 

poKi BTpajio AO ABawaiH HeCpeacHO oxbrnvb MajiB'aiKOB'B. Xo- 
saRHi mEOJTU CTOBJH Ha Kpujaifi, onnpaflCB na xejAzBjio 6a- 
JincTpaxy* 9to Cujii tojucthS ^ejioBiicB neCojiBnioro pocTa, cb 

BpaCHHIfB H BpyrJUIlTB JIHI^OM'B, OA^TBlft 61 HmpORlfi, HepHUfi 

ciopryRi, nojOEU Roioparo aoxoahjih eiiy jsfl hi^b. 

— Bh npBnuiH RCtaTH, mbjiocthbuS rocyxapB,— QRasaji'B ohb, 
KOFAa OjiHBBe CAbJcasB CBoe npeAJioaceHie.— $1 ornycTHJi'B yiH- 
lejiji BHepa h, bu bbahtb, a caHi BpHCtfaTpHBaio sa a^tbuh. 
niROJia He BejiHRa, ho b'b nefi Hyamo abobxi... Moh ycJiOBk: 

COpOR-B (|)paHROBl B'B irkfllCB, SaBipaRB H 06iA^. Bh CBOfoAHU 
BenepOMB, CB nOJIOBHHU PfiBATdirO. 



208 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

— SI npHHBMaK). 

— Mbt Ha^Heifb CI saBTpamHaro yrpa, ecjm yroxHO... bi 
BOceMB qacoBir. 

— Xopomo. Bu Moxere Ha neaji pasciaTHBaxb. 

Ohh noauuiH xpjrb xpyry pysH, h Ojinbe ymen ch 
THJEOJoiirb cepweiTb, co cuesaini, noACiynaBiinuai bi ropjiy. 
I — SI npHHomy HSBicxle o6i yxa^i, — csasajii oh% Foho- 
pHH% CB 6oJi^HeHHoft yj[£[6soft.— 0, TU npaBa, hto b^phhib bx 
MOK) SBisAy, Bi Moe (SyjQrn^ee 6oraTCTBo. A HaHHHaH).«. Ci sasTpain- 
Hjiro XHH A He 6y;Qr yse y xeSa na mei. JI 6yjvy 8arpe6aTB 
ABa BOJiomxi bi i^cai^ h saBrpaKaTB h oGbfi^rh Eaxxuft aohb 
BH^ Aoua... %o Kacaercfl xo Hoeft bhhth, ona nanHmeircfl... 
6eitl Kosen cana co6ok)... 

Ohb CBepHyjTb pyKonscb, saBepHyjTB ee bi> raseTy, npHBOjrb 
Bi nopflAOK'B RHHTH. Oh'b 6ojiiBme He cajifiTb Kh CBoeicy CTOJiy... 
Eny RasaxocB, ^ro owb xopoHHn jmofiHifoe cyn^eciBO. 

— Uy, — CRasajTB ohb rpoMKo, — 6jnewb MyacecTBeHHH h hb 
CTaneiTb HJiaRaTB. 

Ha Apyroft A^HB owb BCTynHJTB b% aojukhoctb. Ohb sa- 
ciaBJuuTB MajDb^raHOB'B HHiaTB no cusu^airB, a ohh soBapno 
noAcreperajni RaxAoe ero ABHsenie. noBOpaHHsaflCB k'b hhicb, 
OHB BHA^JTB, RaKi OHH ciapajDicB CRpuTB rpHnacu, a Vh BOBAyxi 
HOCHJtHCB H niHnijm 6paHHua cjioBa h Hacid^niRH, npoHSHOCHMUA 
Bi nojirojioca diHicH MajieHBRHKH, ciAioniiHicHCH, Bjunn piaicH. 

— HrB HaAO BCTpHXHBaiB, HOHHicaeTe, — roBopRJTB eiry xo- 
s^HH'B niROJiu, yAHBjieHHMft paBHOAymieiTB CBoeronoMon^HHRa.— 
He 66ftTecB bji^hhtb HHorAa non^e^HHy hjih cxBaniTB sa yxo. 
drnini coHJiasairB i^na Hefiomnafl! A cxaHeniB HisHHHatB,— 
npoHaAeniB ci hhmh! 

OjiHBBe He HyBCTBOBaiTB pacHOJioseHla e^b onjieyxairB^ ho 
o6'ln^ajii> 6uTB 6ojrbe BHeprHHHuirB. 

Bo Bpeicfl peRpeaiiift, RorAa a^th HrpaiH, saA^Bafl ero 
eaceMHHyTHO, ohb saAyHHHBO maraJTB ho icaJneHBROKy ABopy b:b 
ABaAi^aiB maroBX a^hh, ho saifl'iafl orjiymHrejiBHaro myica Rpy- 
roHx. HanpoTHBi, ero ORpysaJia RaRi 6u XHrnnna h cupociB 
ROJiOAma. 4to oh'b lyrB A^Jiaari? IIoHeify ohi* ne y6BeTB ce6H? 
?ero OHB JRAOTB lenepB on slhbhh? SaBipaniHlfl aohb 6yjsfiTb 
HoxoAHTB Ha ceroAHflmmft, A&ace xyse. Sa'i'lirB ohb nosnaRO- 

ICHJICfl CB FOHOpHHOfi? OhB HO JIE06HjrB 00. 3ia HyBCTBeHHaa 
CBH8B, J[flXB HiaCHOCTB H HOpBIBH, 00 COHpOBOSAftBHlie,— 9T0 HO 

JHoOoBB. Bi diy MHHyiy ohb ee HOHaBHA'^irB. BtpoarHo, ona 
TopxecTByoTB TenepB, ona xo^otb sacraBHTB ero seHHiBCA. M 
HOHOMy se H^TB? Pa3B'& OHB He npoAaJi'B ce6fl? PasB'b ohb yse 
xenepB ho crH6ajicfl nepeAB hoh), roxoBUft eo bchrhmtb HHsocxaiTB, 

JTHHIB 6U HSfii^^aXB d^OHfil? A peGOHOR'B! 8T0XI KaSOHBRlft HO- 

ssaROMeztB, oxo npoRoiHHaeHoe h yse ano^HHoe cyin^ecxBO, saia- 



^oe B^ Hy^x^i 6X offHy hs^b Honeft, noJUHUx^ OTHaaHla h 6§- 
mencTBa, 6uth MOJKeix, cjiea^b, RorAa yBfOMi BJiaxiJiii mhcjih o 

^^Koy6iftcTBtI IIsi KaRofi rjiflHU, OAHaRO, cJsi^ajieHii li, rio 
6pocaeTB CepeiieHHUxi A^BymeR'B? 

XosjeiHHi niROJiH CRopo cooCpasHJUi, ^to Bi acHSHH ero yn- 
T8Jia 6BrjiH HoyAaiH; ohi> yraxuBaJi'L Bir Ojibbko HeJioB^Ra spy- 
toro cocjiobIh, fipomoHHaro nec^acTLeMt h Hyacfl;oft Ha aiy rplflB- 
jffyio y^HiejiBCKyK) Raeejpy, bi rjiy6HHi MebeBcRaro nepeyjiRa. 
Ohi crajDEi soHAnpoBaTB ero jiobrhhh BonpocaHH. Mano-no-Majiy, 
BCJi^ACTBie K)HomecRaro Tn^ecJiaaiH, aobojibhuA o5aHHieirB, ro- 
Topoe owh npoHBBOAHjrb na CBoero xosHHHa, kojkoaoII ^ejiosiirb 
npHSHaJiCH, HTO ROH^aeTB RHHry. Oei roBopHJi-B o Heft ci 6yp- 

HUlTb RpaCSOptqieiTB. XoSflHHT), 60JIBin0ft JD[H)60TeJD[b HCTOpH^e- 

<sisxb coHHHeHift H y6isAeHHUft, hto ^pani^iji BeAei-B CBoe na- 
najio JDiniB CB 89 ro^a, npHmeJocB B^ dHrysiadMi. 

— noi[eMy Bu HO noMtcTEie 3to bi^ raseraxi? Rasjmft 
nopTperB ota'^jibho... 8to cocTaBsrB cepiio... SI saifB pyiaiocB 
sa 6oJiBmofi ycii'bx'B... JI,a bu npocJiaBHTe hoh> niRoaiy! — bocrjihr- 
HyjTB OHi, noTBpaa pyRH*— dio BejiHROoriaHO, wprb bosbmh! y 
BacB ecTB iiicTa, cnocoSeBiH yBJie^B ^•6JIoe coCpanie,.. 

Ho OjuHBBe y^e ho cjiymajii. FaseTul RaR^ dio ne npHouio 
eMy B'B rojiOBy? Mes^y Tbtfi dTO laRi upocTO. 

— Hy, MaJieHBKaH FoHopHna, — rosopHJii 0H^, npHAH jo- 
Hoft. — KaRi TBI ce6H ^yBCTByeniB? He cjrHmROM'B jm th ycrasa^ 
6iAS^2CRa!.« HoiepiiH neMHoacRO, h tu yBHAHin^— ^ Bce Hen- 
Taii RSHii, ROTopan, RaRi 6oM6a, aaopBeTca cpasy ci rpoKoirb 
H TpecROMi... HirB, um ceaHajia nycTHui sacTpiJiBn^aROB-B... 
yAHBuxejiBHo, RaRi E He AyMajiift paHBine o raaeraxi e 2cyp- 
Hajiaxi. y MeHH octb lajiaHTB, h a ero ciany npoAasaiB no 

RyCOHRaiTB... 

B'B CiiHHafiniift HeiBoprB, bi CBo6oAHoe nocjirfa-o6tAa, owh 
OTA'i^JiHJTB on cBoeft pyRonHCH juhctrob-b ipHAi^axB h nanpa- 
BHJiCA BX ROHTopy J^BMOKpama^ eAHHCTseHHaro sypHaoia, Ha- 
npaBJiesie h h^crojibro AoraiaTH^iecRaH cop&esHOCTB ROToparo 
HosBOJiajiH HSA'i^fiTBca Ha noMinj^esie craiBH. ' 

RoHTopa Hoirbn^aJiacB bi yjDLHi];t MoaB(apTp^, bi rJiy6HHt 
ji^jiiiHHaro ABopa, h saHSMajia ^jiHreoiB, wh nepBoifB aiaxt roto- 
paro CHjDia THnorpa^ia. BExaa jiiciaHiia, noRpuTaa sejieaoft cap- 
set, Bejia B'B nepeAHK)K), vjs^ MOJiOAOfi ^ejioB^R-B oacEAajrB orojio 
Hacy, CTOfl y ORua h Ctforpa na THaorpa(|)CREX'B pa6oTHEROBi», 
ROTopBie wh AJIHHHUX'B djiysaxi npoxoAESE Hepesi abop'b ci 
nanHpocaME b^ 8y6axi, co cb'Ikeme RoppeRiypaHE vh pyRaxi. 
Orojio Hero, na cRaueftRi ceaI^jih h »a2Uie xaRs&e ABa 6iAHflRa. 
XjionaJiH ABepE, bxoaejie jiioae cb bucoro noAHHTBtHs rojioBaiCE» 
Ch caMoyB'bpeHHoft ocaHROft; ohe noAasajiE cboh RapiOHRS, h bx'b 
.^npEHUMaJiH cefl^acB'Sce. UlyiTB pasroBopoB'Bi BspuBu CMixa 

^ 4. Orxtji I. 14 



"210 ^ PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

cjnumaJiRCB nn ROMHan, AsepH Roiopuxi buxoahjeji bi nepex-- 
Hioi), KaRi ABepH MOHacTHpcRHX'B K6j[[ift. HaROHeicb cjiyra noxo* 
meji'h Kb OjiHBbe, BaRi 6yAT0 tojibro ^to sairilTHBi) ero: * 

— ?T0 npHRaa^ere, cy^apB? 

— Ja fl B^AB BaiTB CRasajTB: imi Hyacno bha'^tb ceRpetap^ 
pexaRi(iH. H saHi OTJiajx'B mok) Rapio^Ry no^iH naci T0M7 
HasaA'B. 

— Ax%j Ast, A&l- Oh% Gujii OHeHB, o^ohb saH^rb. SL He 
BHaK), npaBO, MoserB jih om npvHfliB BacB. H ysHaio. 

H OH'B ymejn, npHeaBHsi Ha zoAy: 

— OH'B HaB-lpHO saGuji'B npo BacB. 

Bi ly ^e MHHyTy ohb Bepnyjica h saRpiraajiB HSAajre: 

— IIoxajiyflTe. 

CeRpeTapB peAaRiiiH, upeRpacHo oa'^^tuH, ch tohehitb, 6srh)ir 

HHITB JEHI^OMB, AepSRHlTb BHAOlfB H HOHORJieirBy TJiyCORO BCTaB* 

'jieHHUM'B Bi rjiasfiyH) BnaAHHy^ne npHnoAHSJiCH. Ohi HOBepHyjis 
roJtOBy HI CTopoHy nociTHtejiJi h nyiB sauiTHo noRJiOHUjicfl. 
OjniBBe cRasajTB, BaniiTB npHmeoi^. 

— ^TO xe Bu wai npHHecjiH?— cnpocHJi'B xypnajnicrB. 

— 3th)ab MHpa6o. 

— ^opTB bqbbmhI aro ne HiiieTB jkhbofo HHiepecal... 
Bx IlapHaci HaftAyxcfl cothh tucahb btioaobb MnpaCo... Ho- 
RaacBTB... 

Owb BBflJTB pyROHHCB, HpO^eJEB Hi^CROJIBRO CTpO^ORly Hepe* 

BepHyjn nicROJiBRO crpanHieRB, noBepTUBajiB pyRonncB nanpaBO 
H HaJL^BO, HBROHei^ Aomejix AO saRJiiDHeHiH. 

OjiHBBe ejie ABrmaji'B, oxBaneHHBift tocroA h 6e3noRoftCTBOMB^ 
^BCTBya OTBpan^enle Kb CBoeBcy npoBSBeAeniiOy Roxopoe cyAHJis 
Ha ero rjnasaxB. 

— 810, Raxercfl, neAypHO, Ao6pocoBicTHO, xota ne h0Io. 
EcTB RpacHoplnie, ofohb, kojioaoctb... 3to CRopibe p%hb, h^itb 
CTaTBa... Cjioboitb aio neAypno... Ho... ho... 

H nocMOTp^BB BB jDBi^o MOJiOAOMy lejiOBiRy, OHi> noRa'iajis 
roJiOBOft, BUTAHyjiB ry6u h npHnoAHAJi'B 6poBH, TaRB hto mo- 
horjub Bunajix. 

— Ho... HO... Mu He Moxexx aioro bshtb... 9to ciapo^ 
H86HTO, BTHiTB npoacyxxajiH yniH... Ecjih6i bto Cujii en^e nop- 
TperB ^eJnoB-lRa namero BpeneHH, Bappo, HanpHii'bp'B, Roro 
HH6yAB, HBO Hira hoctoahho Ha muKb h b:b ymaxx bc^xb... Mh« 
pa6o! 0, H'bTB... HaA'B HaMH cxanyTB cm^atbca. 

— Bh, OAHaRO, roBopsie, ^to bb axoirB ouurb ecTB xa- 
juanrB?... 

— KoneHHO... Ho hxo a:e H3i aioro? xajianxi! V nena 
owh xose ecxB, y nacB BcbxB, y Roro se xenepB Birb xajiaHxa?*« 
Ohx Ha&A6xca a^^^ h y ROHXopn^HRa! 

OiiHBBe HyBcxBOBajti cyAopory bb ropjii. Onrb xoxiji'B BCxaxE 



OIBBBE A^TAB%. 211 

B yflra, HO npaCaBEB^b hh cjioBa. Ho owh ocTaBaJSCA, Rasi 6h 
npHrBoacxefiHuft Kb CTjJiy, fotobhS npocHTb, yvoJuiB, totobhA 

BUTepn%TL BCJiKift nOSOp'B H yHH2R6Hle. 

— EcjiH Bu UH% OTKasBBaeie, — KaBofl sypnajii^ MOHfl npH- 
Mon? 9x0 Morjia cs'^^jraiL tojibro ^eMOKpamui. 

JKypeajiHcrb BCxaBHJCb CHOBa CBoft MOHOKJiib h nofjutjrh 
hIckojibro ceRyHffb. 

— 3to BpaBxa, a^a laRofi craiBH z laRse ne snaio ^py- 
roro sypHajia... JOtpyrie vn^yrb cnjuereni, jdi^huxi» HanaAOR'B m 
npHTon Henpeir&iHO na Roro HH6yAB, He seukiej RaRi B^epa 
cxasaBinaro p%% b% najutrt h npHSBaHnaro ri> nopaAKy**. Ilpn 
OAHOMi imeHB: MHpa6o, ohh Baaii yRasyn Ha ABepB. 

OjniBBe ero npepBaJii h rjiyzHii'B rojrocoiTE, cb RpacRoft Ha 
Ji6y H Ch ApoJKan^Hiai pjtrbhh, nporoBopHJTB: 

— Ho fl yMHpaK) CB roJsoAy, mjgaxB30... y Mena h^tb yse 

HJiaTB^y Btt BBAHie... dTO JIOXMOTBfl... HO, o! OCJIB 6il BU SHaJIH... 

JKypBamcTB pasBejTB pyKaiai h BCiajTB. 

— He HaAO TepflTB xyacecTBa... HanHnnrre Hain hto nnCyAB 
Apyroe... mAmnfie xnBofi HHTepecB. Si 6yAy o^enB c^acrjiHB'B, 
RjuiHycB BaiTB, npBHiiTB Bamy fiOByio CTaiBio... ^o CBHAaHBa, ao- 

poroft TOBapHH^'B... 

Ohi» eny nporflnyjrB CijiyiOy nepBHyio pyi^ Ch rojiiy6mfH 
aRBuiRaMH, RaKB y seHnprHu.- 

OjiHBBe mejTB no jsBsk; ero lOJUcajiH npoxoacle, oRpHRHBajm 
Rynepa, ho ohi ne cjoimaJi'B h ho bra&h'b HH^ero. Eiry xori- 
jiocB 6pocHTB CBOH) pyKonHCB B% CTOHHyio Tpy6y. dWTb HeJIO- 
B^Ri, Rone^BO, cojirajn eHy: ohi» Hameji'B ero pa6oTy oxBpaTH- 
TOJiBHoft, 6e8o6pa8Ho&. HHane, ohb hphhajtb 6u ee. ?to xe n 
Hmrb 6yffiTby econi y nero hItb a&skb TajoLanra? Ri neicy se 
8nr6e8COHH£ifl ho™, cTpacTB Ri ipyAy, b^hho nanpaseHHafl bojui? 
Ob% mean, cairB ho sHaa RyAa. Eiiy RasajiocB, no oh'b RaxBTCfl 
RyAa-To CB RaRoft-TO ropH. Hin-JiH p^rh BHHsy? He RHHyxBca jih 
eny lepesi napanen Mocra? 

n BApyrB, CB BHesaHHUiTB npo6ysAeHleirB OHepriH, . cyAopo- 
jRHO cacaBi pyROHECB, OH!B BfiinpHHHjrcfl... H^TB, offB He CAacrcA, 

OHIb HOftAGTB HO BCilTB pOAaRipilirB, OHB CyAeTB JIOMHTBCfl Vb 

ABepH, OH'B sacTaBHTB npiisHaTB ce6H...' 

Ci 8thx:b Hopi, no ^eiBeprairB, rofab owb 6Hjrb CBo6oAeffB, 
OHB CTajTB Hocin^aTB peAaROlH, co CBoeio pyROHHCBio. Ohi CTa- 

paJIICfl rOBOpHTB TBepAOy TOHOKl aBTOpHTera. Hopoft pyROHHCB 

ocTaBajacB a^ npocMorpa; npoxoAHJm neA^JiH, a sartirB cjiyra 
B08Bpan](ajrB euy naRen 6e8:B bcarhx^b o6iACHeHift: 

— rocnoAHHi AaiaHi?.. botb mo jifla. bbcb... 

Pasi Be^epoicB, BepnyBnnicB AOMoft, OjraBBe HamejTB Foho^ 
pHHy Jiessan^eft. 

— fl HyBCTByH) cedfl ohohb Aypno botb yxB BrilcROJiBRO 

14* 



212 PYGCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

AHeft, — CKasajia ohe. — Mh^ RaseTCfl, hto a poasy Ha cexBHOBCE 
Miofli](i... Bpenfl npHCjiucaerca... A tbo)i ciaTJUci?.. noBcbcTJUiL 
TH ee?.. 6jKjTh y Te6a jemra? 

— ^a... Ha dTon pasi a o^eHB HaAiiocB... 

OhI TOJIBKa ?T0 OHflTb DOJiyUJI'b 06paTH0 CBOH) pyROHHCb y 

KOHCBopaKa, npHHeci ee nasepxi h sacyflyji^ b'b an^nsi CTOJia. 

BcK) Ho^ OH'B He cnajn. Bee KOH^eno, 6ypH ero onpoRH- 
Hyjia, OKb no6&KAeH^! 

Tom ero uojeoaocth, KOTopue xpyrie npoBOAfln cpexH Be- 
ceaiBJi, cpe^H CMixa n niceHi, ohi nocBATHjrb Tpyxy. Ohb 
yrjiyfijijijica B'b Bonpocu hojihthkh, HsyiaJTB, ATMaorB, npoBOAHJTb 
6e3C0HHUfl hohh. Ohi cocTaBHJTii ce6i ap&niH y6tjRAefiiH. Ohb 
sHaji'b H cosHaBajn cbok) CHJiy; qhi» npesHpaJTL HCKareJiBCTBO h 
HHTpHry. ^axe cbohxb Apysefi ohb oiroJiRayjii on cefifl, pas- 
c^TUBU Ha CBoe MysecTBO h ynopciBo b% xpyAi. H Bce 
aro— ipyffb, yCiacAenia, ropAoe nyaecTBo, — Bce CeanojiesHO... 
Sna^HTB owh JEHJii xHMepanH, 6iAHuft, cjDAnoft raiyneirb! ^epes^b 
H^EOJDiKO AHeft TpH cyH^ecTBa ynpyrb ci> rojiOAa... Bon Bce, 
HTO H8B aroro Bunmol 

A ero nojiHTH^ecKie eAHHOB^pi^i... 0! ecjiHCsi ohe moitb otom- 
CTHTb EMI, no4iAnTB HXi, saciaBHTB HTb saojiaTETB sa CBOe 
yHHseHie! 

Meofo pasi OHB HyBCTBOBajTB, ?T0 caicafl Bipa ero HscflRaerB, 
Kati TOHerB Kopa6jn» cb pasfiHTUirB Tpioicoirb. Ohb aaici'iajiiiy 
vfTO ROJi^Jtercfl MejKAy oCpasaifs npaBJieHia — Bci ohh npeACiaB- 
jMumcB eiiy lenepB BejmKHicH h pai^ioHajiiBHiiMH. 

HapoAi*] TpeCoBaJTB jih ohi rjiaBencTBa napoAa hjih npesH- 
pajTB ero, san^Hn^aa ero HHrepecu? OffB ne snajTB. 

HirB, HirBl Bce 9to 6ujiih jihoib oiOBa. OfiiiXortjrB oah^: 
AOcnrHyiB bjuhhIh. PasBi ohb Kjusijrb o ^eiTB HH6yAB j^- 
roiTB? Pa9B% leoplH h yioniH ho CKpuBajni BcerAa cuBnyio 

JIHHHOCTB) CTpeMHBmyiOCH KB HSB^HOCTH? HjIH HpOCTO... XJbJLJ- 

AOKi, ORHvaBmifiCii OTB roJOAa? 

Vace. H'IcROJiBKO xicfliieB'B rasem KpsnajiH o peaRiiioHHHrB 
saroBopan* FoBopHJiii o pecTaBpaulH iconapxiH. IlapTifl Monap- 
XHCTOB% noAHflJia roJiOBy, myvijia, CTaHOBuacB ABpsROft. 

Ho ecjai-6ii dxa napTia ero npHHaoia, oh% 6u npeAJiosHJTB 
eft CBOK) vojDtoAOCTB, CBOo Hopo, CBoft roJiocB, ce6fl caifaro. Okb 
BCRaJTB HBeAecxajia. Ohi opHHflJi'B 6u BCARift: mieHH npojierapieB'B 

HJIH JiaBefiCTBO BO ABopi^. 

IlepBHe JiyqH OjriAHaro, xoJiOAHaro pascBiia npoHHBjni crbo3b 
sanaBicH ORHa, noxoAHsmie na oiAaJieflHiift, 6i^J[0BaTiift TyMasB. 
Oh^b ApoauuTB B'B HocrejiH otb JiHxopaARH H 6e8C0HHHi9i. Ero 
ropjo Hepecoxjro, Huesn 6ojrbsBi* 

BAPyTB OffB COCROHHJI'B CB HOCTOJIH. 

Ero sBajiH. 3to Cujtb tojiocb Fohophhh. 



. OJraBBB* AATAffb. 213 

Oea CHAiia na CBoeft nocTejoi n Csuia nvb (SjiixHfty ^ro 
ee MOXHO Chjio npHHATB sa irepTByio. 

— £[ posy, fl poacy, OjiHBLe, neocTaBJiflft moha... OjoiBBe... 
0jihbb6,.« 

Ha SBJxb ea BBxnijicfl yacaci. OjiHBse noiepajni rojioBy. 

— noMorHTe, DOJforHTe!— Rpn^ajn owb. « 

npnCisajra coc^ah* KaKaa-ro sffln^iiHa aBSJiacB bi oxHoft 
py6amEi, ci 6ochmh HoraicH, x^psa io6Ky b'b pyRars. 

— Haxo ee OTBecni bi poxBJiBHiift xoitb... 8to wb jificsm 
mararb OTCioxa... en^e ecxB Bpeica... 

— fl noftxy cb BauH, ecjiE xoTBie,— npexJiosEn xaKoiBt-TO 
pa6oHit. 

FoHopHHa OA^JiacB th noMoniBio coctxKa. Bee ea rtio spo- 
saao. Ona ne cnycsajia raan cb OomBBe, Koropuft Baajrb ee sa 

pyity. 

— He Besen naif^B cb To6oft... fl onrnfijiacB hhcjioitb... 

— ByxB ocTopoana. 

Ohi nejuoBRo novoFB eft ox^tbch, h ohi sci Tpoe Moa^a 
OTopaBHJiBCB. yjiami 6hua[ nycru, xoaoSHH, ejne ocB^n^eHU 

fijiiAHHMl TyicaHOirB, ROTOpuft RaRB 6h nOAHHKaJICfl H8l MOCTO-' 
BOft. 

— Eorxa tu QpHxemB ro HH'b? 

— HiorjffiH.. Xft BisB a ae Mory OTJiyHHTBca b'b Cyxaa!.. B% 
BOCRpeceHBe... ^epen XBa xHa, a upaxy. Bee Cyxerb xopomo... 
BiXHaa Moa, xoporaal.. 

y aero BiipuBaaacB H&RBua caosa, ROiopmrB oht» yxHBaaaca 
H ROTopua noBTopajTB, cam TpoayTiift wx% aiacHocTBK). 

Ohh Bomaa bb xBepa 6ojibhhipi. ^epeei aicRoaBRO loiHyT^ 
roHopaay Ryxa to yBeaa, h OjiHBBe OT^Taaca oxhhi Cb pa6o^fliCB. 
Ofi^ noauuTB eny pyRy. 

— BaaroxapH) BacB, — CRasaai owb wb BoaHeaia. 

— 0, H6 8a 1T0... mb 6uao no xopori; a pa6oTaK) aa lOft 
CTopoH^ Hapaaca. 

jQl^eHB Taayaca yacacao xoaro. 3anepTHft bb crtaarB mRoau, 
epexH araxi) npoTBBHHxi x^Teft, OaaBBO saxHxaaca. Owb npo- 
CoaajTB saaaTBca cb ehmb, capamaBaiTB ypoaa, ao cam ae mofb 
cocpexoTo^aTBca. Ohi naoxo caymaai, ae Roa^ajTb aa^aioft 
^pasu, a Bce xyvaai o MaaeaBRom cyn^ecTai, Roxopoe voacen 
CuTb yace poxaaocB na CoaBaa^aoft RpoBaia, rxi croaBto ae- 
CHacTBUxi BSBBBaaacB BB Myaaxi, rxi ORO^eaiaa coraa Tpynoai. 

Ero pe6eB0RB aanaaaai sbseb cb foaBaai^i. BixHufl apom- 
Ra, HTO-ace acxen ero b'b Gyxyn^eicBl 

— H a He vory 6iitb nxbj ycainnaTB ero aepauft apHKB... 
BixHaa FoHopaaa... th ae yaaxaniB asraaxa XPF^9 noacaiia 
pyaa, ae ycamnaniB caoaa acaaocra, aoropoe npaxaen nysecTBO... 

CjiijQ¥yinlt xeHB npomeai wb RaRom-io OTyniala. Oh^b 



214 PyCGKOE BOrATCTBO. 

Cwi'b HecnocoSeHii pascyacsaTB h noBiopiurb icezaHBTOCSH oxho 
cjnoBo: AOHBrH, ffeHun. GMyrao BcnoMHHajicfl eiiy en^e EojEoxecb. 
Qsib noftAOTb Kb Heicy, nonpocim ero noHomB h npoTOKi^H. 

B% BOCRpecoHBe, nocjii o6iAa, owb OTnpaBEJiCfl bi 60JIBHH117. 
Ohi npomejnb x^HHyio, ohohb CBiniyK) saxy cb b£icoriimh, ro- 
joiMH crtHaMH. )l|Ba pflA& KpoBaieft cb 6iswa noiorai£H xflHy- 
jiHCB cnpasa h cjiiBa. Oai marB nocpejpfli no sospy, sarjiy- 
maBmeMy ero mani, Hn^a HOJiepa ToHopHHU. lips ero npoxoA^, 
rojiOBH nosHHMaJuicb ci nofjmeKb; owb Bcrpi^an HCioirjieHHue, 
yrpioioie BBvuam- 

HaKOHecrb owb yBHxin FoHopHHy. Osa A<^a eiiy nofloftrH) 
He yjni6aACB, Cb paBHOAyniHini'b (SjiiAHmrB jdu^oitb. Ea rjiada, 
KasajiocBjHe bba^^ ero. IIpBnoxHflTaA Ha noxymKarB, ona x^p- 
auuia KB pysaxi y rojioft rpy^H (Ses^opifeHHiift CBepiOKb. 

— ToHopHHa, — nporoBopsjii owh thxo. 

Ona HjTb TjfTb cuoHHJUi rojiosy h npoHSHecxa ^yxB cxh- 
mHo: mTl 

— noAoftXB) nosoflxH,— npH6aBHJia ona saTlirb... nocMOTpH..* 
ofeh yjiepi... yace ci nacB Tony nasaffB... a ne CRasajia... y ireHa 
ero Bafljor 6h... m 6h ero He yBH^'&jirB... 

H OHa OTHflJia otb rpyAH pebesRa, icaseHBEaa, Mopn9iHHCTa£ 
rojtoBa KOToparo 6e8XH3HeHH0 oncHHyjiacB nasa^B. 

dTOTB HeoasHKaHHuft yxapi nopasHJTB OarasBe. Qh% onycnuicfl 
Ha cTyjTB, CToaBHdft y RpoBaiH h, cnpaTaBi roJiOBy bb noxyniEy, 
saojuaRajTB. Biuio-jra oro rope pe6eHR^ h^tb. Ohi njiaRan 
ce6i, TOMB, HTo OFB TasB Hec^acieH^. Ohb AajTB bojih) cjie- 
BaiTB. C'b maoL cjiesaiiH RaRB 6yffT0 yxoABJia ero RpoBB, ero 

XHSHB. BeCB OH'B RaRB 6U TaflJTB BB CJDtesaXB, yHHHTOSaJUCJI, 

HCHesaji'B) pacnycRajicji bi hhhto. Ohi miaRaJTB jspjm), safiuBrB, 
HTO Racajicji roJioBoft T&ia CBoeft jik)6obhhi(h xpysa CBo6ro 
pe6eHRa. 

Bo ABopi BayHifBHO npoCHJiH ^acH. 

IIociTHTejm ffOJiSHU 6wai yxoxHTB. 

FoHopHHa xorpoHyjiacB fp OjoiBBe. 

— Te6fl nonpocflTB yftrH... noif&iiyft ero, no Rpatnet vipi, 
vb nocj[iAHlft pasib. 

Owb npHHOAHOCfl, RaRB JiynaTBRB, coBepmenHO CescoBHaTejcBHO, 
H npHJ[oacHjrB 17611 rb JiHqy irajieHBRaro noROftHHRa, MflPROicy 

H XOUDXHOMy. 

— npon^aft,— CRasajia FoHopHHa. 
Ohb noBTopHiB: 

— Upon^A. 

H| HO CRasaBB hh cjiOBa, ne BsrjumyBi Ha nee, ohb ymen. 



OIHBBE AATARl. ^15 



XX. 

Ero cpasy ROCHyjiocB oacHBJieHie yasmuj sajiHTOft cojumetfi 
H ABBxeuleift'b. Fjiasa h yniH KaRi 6jk£o OTRpuoiHCb y Hero 
oocJii AOJsraro oA'IneHeHlfl, h owh yAHSJiflJicH shbocth yjiH^HBixi 
Bne^aiJiiHift, mhmo KOTOpUXl OWb npoxoAHJTb o6urhob6hho co- 
^peAOiOHeHHiift H Tyaoft, ne BH^a h He cjiuma HHHero. Euy sa* 
BajiocBy HTO xenepB oni Ran^ 6yAT0 pasxBOEJica, hto owb co- 
CTOHTb HdOi cyqecTBa 6e3AH8HeHHaro, ROTopoe lanyuiocB TiiseAO, 
VBJL% Tpyni, H Apyroro, ROTopoe, HaoCopoTB, npocHyjiocB ch 

o60CTpeHHUMH HyBCTBaifH... 

Ohi npoxoAHJTB Hepea^B npaswH^HyK) Toorny, TOJERaBmyioca 
wh BoiaHHHecROM'B caxy* Heysepr h owb cocraBjrjierB ^acTB 
moTO 6ojiTaK)H](aro9 myicjin^aro, 6e88a6oTHaro ^ejiOBinecTBa? He 
npocHyjucfl jih ohi b'b hobom^b iripi, na HeHSB'icTHoft HJaneii? 

— KyAa HAy A? — cnpamHBaji:B ohi ce6A.— Sa'iiirB no eioft 
fljceHHo jJLVini? RyAa npHeeAerB ona HOHa? 

Ho Bi cyn](HOCTH ohi xopomo sHajn'B, Ryxa mejTB. Ohi yxo- 
XU'B oTi (S^AHuxi RBapTajioB'B H HaopaBJEUJicA Ri KoJioicecy) 
pimsBmHCB MOJiHTB xoTB Ha ROJn^Hflxi RycRa xjii6a. 

Owb He BHAibji'B ero 6ojiri^e roAa; OKb ero ocropGhjtb bi no- 
cJi^AHioK) Bcxpl^y aj[o6Ho h cosnaTOJiBHo. Ohi jtfijn^ eny yra< 

gtaXB CBOK) peBHOCTB H CRpUiyH) SaBHCTB. EaR'B TO OH'B npHMeiTB 

ero ceroAHJi? 

CjnysaHRa ne ysnajia ero. ^aace KorAa offB HasBaJTB ce6H, 
OHa ocTaxacB b'b HeplniHMocTH. Ho KoJioicecB BCRpaqan: 

— OiRyAa TU? ?T0 CB To6ofl?.. Tfl 6hun> 6oj[eHi... HoHeMj 
lu uwb He HaaacajTB?.. 

y OjiHBBe CTynajiH syCu, a cepAi)[e nepenoiHHJiocB paAOCtBH) 
jipH BByRaxi dioro APJ^K^Karo rojioca. Eiiy RasajiocB, ^ro owh 
ynaAOTB ceftiacB na roji^hh h 6yAerB npocHTB npontenifl. 

— £[ ceflnacB hs'b 6oJi[BHHi]iii... 

Ofl^B ynaji'B na AHBaHi, ctobbuuA bi ROMHarl, h, objusuc^bi 
Jiajio-no-Majiy co6ok), pascRaaajii^ see cb xaROio hchoctbio h 
laKB RpacHopiuBOy ^0 wb 8TH nojmaca ohb bhobb nepesKaJTB 
8TH Mpa^HHe roAH. Oh'b pascRasajii o cbohxi ice^raxi, o cbooitb 
ynopHoiTB ipyxi, o cBoeft KHHrt, o neyAa^axi, o ^epnoft, a^ 
BflH^eft HHn^ert, o cbash cb FoHopHHoft h o HecnacxBH) BXb cba- 
aaBmeiTB; pascRasan o poacAeniH pe6efiRa, o tom:b, rbr^ OHib 
ceflqaci puAajTB HaAib iiajieHBRHirB rpyaoiTB, sapuBinacB roJioBoft 

B'B COJIBHHHHUa npOCTBIHH. 

— OirojumyTHft vb nepBuft pasi, bi eAHECTBeHHiift pas^ 
BorAa fl npoTflHyji'B pyRy, a npHt^rfiyjii Kb pa6oTi, norpysHJcca 
Bi> Hee CB osecro^eHieiffB, sejian coxpaaiiTB ee HHcxoft, tocthoA, 
4ijiaropoAHOft H BucoRoft... Ho RorAa HyxAa aacTaBua Hena 



216 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO, 

DpexJiojKHTB ee, KorAa a saxoiijrb o6MiHATb ee Ha zjniC'b, na: 
AeBLFF, HTo6i> sanjiaTHTB aRyjnepRi, HTo6'b OTAaiB jipjurh :sao6oB^ 
huaxb, ROTopaH ubra KopMHJia,— ohh mohh BUioJiKaJiH sa ABepB, 
BasuBaa soporBMi co6paToin»... a saiiifb— aia Hec^acTnaa, aia 
6oJiLHBi](a, jiMBEBa sajia cb RpoBaTJiMH, Ha ROTopuxib MH% qy- 
juaJifiCB cyAoporH h aroHLer, 9Th jiHXopaAOHHHe bsfjihaki, h bto 
biAHoe iiajseHBRoe cosAame, MOft cuh^L. Ghh'b? Ho a ho snaia 
Aame, Ri RaROMy nojiy npBHaAJieacajii btotb peCeHORi, ROTopHfr 
npoacBJi'B Bcero h^crojibro ^acoBB. 0, a Aomejii ao RpaftHOCTH... 
MoH HepBH BaopiiaReHU..^ fl saCujii yace, ^oaTe6i^OBopBJ^>..• 
Tu A^fiCTBHxejsBHo lyrB nepeAO mhobo? He bo ch^^ jeh a BH»y^ 
Te6fl H roBopK) c^b 106010?.. Heyxejui a tojlbro ito pascRasaji'B. 

A'lftCTBBTeJlBHO MOK) 9KH8HB HJBH H 6opiOCB CB HpHSpaRaMH, RO- 

Topue HaniviaioTB h npecjiiAy^^ neHa?.. 
KoJioMecB cxBaTHjn ero sa pyRH. 

— Moft 6<iAHUft OjiBBBe, ycnoROftcfl... 

H moHOTOM'B, ocTopoJRHO OHii npB6aBHjrB: 

— Th h6 fojuoabkb? Tu ijii ceroAHA? 

OjeiHBBe BcnoMHHJiB, HTO ABa A^ yjRO offB He roTOBBJiB ce6i^ 
€6iffiy HO HORaHajn'B rojiOBofl: 

— H'irB, a He rojiOAeHB... Moe cepAi^e nepenonHenOy ona 

^fflRTB MeHfl. 

— B'bAHuft ciapBHal 

KojionecB npHTAHyji'B ero r'b ce6i h noi^iiOBajix. Ohh ch- 
A'iJiH o6HjiBiDHCB^ RaRii fifidk Cpaxa Bi MEHyiy RaTacipo^H. 

— Ho y Te6A 6ojiBmofl lajnaHTB. HanpHM^pi ceft^acb... 
HocHOTpB, a HJiaRajai h npoAOJiacaio en^e HJiaRaTB... Tboa sRVLSEh 
ysacnal HoHeiiy tu mh^ HSRorAa ne nHcajiB? Th, OAHaRO, npe- 
spacHO sHaji'B, mo npH HepBoui soai a npH6iuicaJi'B 611 ks 
Te6%. 

— TopAOCTB, T^ecjiaBie,— npo6opMOTajiB Ojihbbo, Rpacnia. — 
fl npesBpaj&i, npeHe6perajrB jiioabmh, a cuTaJn ceCa Bume bxb 
H, ROFAa a npHmeJiB ri hhmb, cMflpeHHuft h yHHseHHuft, ohh 
M6Ha pasraAajiH!.. Ohh copBajiH Macay Moero Jioxnaro yHHa^enia; 

sa HeK) OHH yBHA^JKH BUCOKOUipie H ropAOCTB... H OHH OTOlf- 

CTHJiH sa ce6a... 

KojiOMeci BCTajii» h saRypnai namipocy, Roropaa lonaci se 
pacnpocrpaHHJia npIaiHufty pisRift sanaxi. Bi cboomb AOMam- 

HeHl ROCTiOHi HSl CiJiOft ^aHOJUIy B!B SLBSIUX'b CaOIliaRaX'B, CB 

HeCojiBmHMH &&jQ[ORypuMH ycaiiH, BOBeTJiHBO saRpyneHHUHH RBepxy, 
KojiOMeci BBf^saaca na pHcyHsi o6oeBi, cpeAH Aoporofi Me6ejtH) 
Basi H CTaiyeTORi,— caiTB noxosift na auBBoe npoHSBeAeHi^ 
xcRyccTBa. Ero Jiauto, HicROJSBRO aRencTBeHHoe, Bupaauuio Teneps 
rjiyCoRoe h HCRpeHHee cocTpaAanie. Owh cmotp^'b Ha caoero 
Apyra HpHCxajiBHo, sa^yinHBo, ci» rtMB ynactleMx^ cb icaRHn 
cHOTpaii Ha Mopana, ROToparo 6ypa B£i6pocHjia ejie aRHBoro, na. 



OJTHBBE AATAHl. 217 

tfepen* Owb yBBA&Di ce6a bi npncyTCiBiH Ben^efl, o cyn^ecTBO- 

BEHUI EOTOpUXl OHl CJIUmaJTB, HO KOTOpUA OH y 6Hjni coBepmeHHO 
HeSHaKOMH. 

— 0, Mu Te64i BHTamHMx, — CKasajTb OHi.— y Te6a ecTBta- 
jaHTb H (5yAerL ycnixi! Moa MaiB tbGh npHCipoHrb. Ho, kohb^ho, 

HaAO BOftTH Bl CBirB. IIofiKn, HTO HHKTO HB odflSaHl BCKaiB Te6fl, 

ByjKHO caMOiiy noAoflTB ki> rop-l, h npnoirb h6 Bcerxa mo:rho 
B!ii6npaTB BTy ropy... Ta AocTHTfiemB i^^jih tojibeo npH noMon^H 
CBiicsaro o6iAecTBa, bfo cjiaCocieft) ero To^ecjiaBiH. ^to ctohtb 
CRasatB KaKOMy HH6yAB HeroAflio, ?to ero JiK)6oBHHAa coCJiasHH-* 
TBJiBHa H npBKpacHa, xoTfl-6u OHa 6ujia rjnyna h oiBpaTBTBJiBEa. 
A yjEi owb TfSii (SjiaroAapeHi. Bee a^o bb tobcb, hto6u snaiB 
BOMy H HTO HysHO CRasaTB, ?To6ii Bo-BpeMfl HaflTH HacTOAn^ee 
cjiOBO. dm HayRa HeTpyAHaa* HeMHoro JieciH, jtfiSRe He Bcerxa 

HOBOfl: MOSHO nOBTOpaTB no HiCfCOlBRy paS'B OAHO H TO Ke, 

CTOBTB JiBHiB BOAUCKaTB pasaB^Hue o6opoTU. 

FoBopa BTO, OHi BsoGpaaRaJH bi> jiBitaxi Ty pojiB, ROTopyio 
flrpajs'B B% o6mecTBi. ^yiB satfiTHBift Keen, HeyjiOBBicaa bhto- 
Bao^jor, rB^KiH ABBseniH, hto-to oco6eHHoe bo Bceft ero ^nrypi 
A'iJiajio ero o6ojn»CTBTejubH£iiirB. 

OjiHBBe HeBOJUBHO yjiHSHyjicfl; Eoaioifeci saMiiBJi'B bio. 

— Th BBABmB, BTO BOBCe HO TpyAHO, — CRaBdJn* OH'B. 

— C-ByMiio JIB a? 

— 0) BToro AOCTaTO^Ho saxoriTBl Mei ceflnacB xe BBicxy- 
iiBMi» B-b noxoAB... fl Te6H npeAGiaBJiio IIojDtBHBepairB, ohb AaJDB- 
sie poACTBeHHHEB Moefi MaTepB... Hx-b cajioHB nojiy-nojiBTH^e- 
cidft, nojiy-apTBCTBHecBlfl, nojuy^cBiTCRifl, nojiy-^BHaBcoBUft, Bcero 
BOHeiiHory, ho owb BSBicTeHi. 

— Pecny6jfflRaHCRlft? 

— Hyl H^Ti... peaRiuonepHufl, EaiojiBqecRift b ROHcepBa- 

TBBHUfl: IiepROBB B KOpOJIBl.. BopO^eMl, A XOpomeHBKO He SHBH), 
HTO y HBX1> TaiCB CJiyjRBrBAdBBSOirB... JUBJliH, raJTJlBCBlft H^TyX'B 

BUB BMnepaTopcRlft opejTb? JifiL ohb b caHB BToro ne snaion... 

KaR^b BBABHIB, npOCTOpy JkJlH BBOJIIOaifl AOBOJIBHO. 

— TU, SHa^BTB, BSM^HBJI'B CBOBMl yCiSAefllBBl? 

— EaRHMi y6isAeHlflM'B? Ohb ohbeb npocru: Te^eaie, ro- 

Topoe MeHH npHBeABTB Ri A^nyiaTCTBy... y Menfl ApynixB eAtb, 
no-RpafiHeft Jtiipb napysno... BnponeiTB, noB^pB, hto a ocrajica 
Bi fjuA Tbwb ace majiyHOMi, ROTopuft eHopBJTB cb to6oio na 
ABopI ROJiJiesa. 

— Ho Bia Brpa onacna. Moamo CBOMBpoiceiBpoBaTB ce6By 

saRpuTB ce6'& 6yAyn;ee. PeaRiflH TonepB CBUHa, oaa Moxen 
HOt^ABTB, HO OHa uox&n B HpoBrpaTB,— ^To-se TOFAa? 
KojiOMeci HoxaJTB noie'^aMB ch npespBrejcBHoft rpBMacoft. 

— IlyCTHRB!.. IIOBepEtemLCH CnBHOtt KT> OAHOft CTOpOHi B 

DpoTflHemB pyRy AP7n)ft. IIoBipB, npsByn! 



218 pyCGlCOE EOrATGTBO. 

Bi» ero TOHi 6jujd[o Tasoe ysipeflHoe caMoxoBOJCbCTBO, iia 
OjmBbe onflTb yjm6Hyjiicji. 

— Tu o^eHb ciuieHi, ecam cHJia bi loirb, nroCi scerxa 
npeAasaTB, — CKasaorL ohi. 

— IIpexaBaTbl Eoro-xe npdAaBaib? Toro, kto t66x npexacn 
Ba Q)yroft x^hb. SChbhb Bca npoxoxsiib bi npexaTducTsl. Bc6 
npexaiera h bc^xii npexaiorL bi cboio o^epexB. Bci dio SHaBorb, 
H 8T0 HO HsifiHflerb nocjiixciBlft. BoTb Korxa csrkxj&rb Bcaoim- 
naxb o6b amraoxi Mesxy iBcycoMi h rpioiHHiieft! Tu pasBi hh- 
Eorx^ He 6ujirb iipexaTOiiein»?— BOCKUHBuyjrb owh ci npaTsopHot 

H KOMHUOft SanaJOiUBOCTBlO. 

— He xy^aK). 

— Hy, TaRi iibrjrb He npoKpHun ipen pasB, Raicb tu.«. 
Hjih fl CKasy, ^to tu ho xoctohhb 6urb sorxa jih6o npexcra- 
BHtejoteifb caMaro yiiHaro Hapoxa. 

Bb diy MHByiy rjiasa OjiHBbe ociaHOBEinicb Ha 6iocrt oma 
Kojioiieca. 

CTapuft HSTHaHHHRB, yvepmift bb cchjub'I, ho ne HsvinHB* 
mift CBOHiTB yCifl^eHUici, ne HiciBmift ea CBoeft naiiaifl hh 
exHHaro nAiHuniKa, ^ejiOBticb, o KotopoMi nocjii CMepiH xo- 
XHJiH npeRpacHHfl, puaapcKin JiereHxu, BOCXHn^kBmis x&xe dro 
BparoBi najiaTOfl,— dTOTB cTapiil rarflaHHHBB cb necTHEUCHy 
6jiaropoxHUMH ^epTanH, sacTUBnuiHH bi xejiTOMB MpaMop'6, npH- 
HflBmeiTB OTxiBOB^b Tpyna, CMorpijiB na CBoero cuHa h Kan 6u 
npHCJiyniHBajicfl rb ero cjiosairB. 

OjoiBLe roTOBi 6wn npoiflHyTB pyBy h noRasaTB HamiQieH* 
HUMB jRecTOMB Ha dTOTB 6k>ctb... Efo cob^ctb DieBejiBHyjiacB, 

HO OHB SaCTaBHJIB 60 SaifOJIRHyTB. 

— nycTB 6yxeTB laRB,— CRasajiB ohb.— fl ciany npexETO- 
mmbI.. 



XXI. 

OjraBBe BepnyjECfl xoMoft CBXByxfl cxaMH ^panROBB, maamM 
BsafiMU y KoJiOMeca. TaRHUB oGpasoHB, ohb Ghutb oSesDeneHB 
Ha H^ROTopoe Bpeira. FoHopHHa, Buftxa hsb Consjaija^ oixoxHeiB 
H HonpaBHTCJi; y neji 6yxeTB xopomee bhho. PeCesRa He npa- 
xercfl xopoHHTB BB o6n^eft MorHxi. 

Bo BpeHH HOXOpOHB, OjIHBBe, BB HOBOMB OJHaTBi, RyHJieH- 

HOKB BB MarasHHi roTOBHXB Bon^eft, cjiixoBajrB sa rpo6oicB oxhhb. 
Ohb BOBBpan^ajica nasaxB ycnoRoeHHuft, HcnuTUBaa ^hbhio- 
CRoe yxoBOXBCTBie otb xoxb6u. He noxopoHEXB jih ohb cbod 
HHo^eTy CB riioMB dioro najieHBRaro cyniecTBa, cMepiB Roroparo 
ero TaRB noipiiCJia HaRanyni? 

Bb nocjribxy^^lo WH ohb fjKdjrh tojibro o torn CBkrb^ vy 



OIHBBE A^TAFb. 219 

KOTopaft co6Hpaicfl BCTynarb. Oai npefBHX&i'B Tan pocRomB) 
6jLecKbj XLGBmflWb^ o6ojiBCTHTejiBHyK) Hrpy Rpacor^. Ohi ero 
GpaBHHBajTb cb Teojioft, AymncToft saHHoft, soTopaa ycnoRaHsaer'b 
HepBU nocJii CBJiBHofi ycrajiocTH, osHBJUierb nycRyjiH, cjiaAO- 
crpacTHo HixHTB pa8(5HToe, CoJiBHoe r&io. 

Ho ero nynuia co6cTBeHHafl saciiH^HBOCTB. HHKorAa ohi ho 
AOCTBTHorB HeapHHysAeHHocTB H pasBHSHOCTH EoJioMeca* Ohi» 
"lyBCTBOBajTB ceSa ctfimBHirB h HOJioBRiiirB, y Hero h lenepB 
sorH KaRik 6yAro Hajraru CBHEi^oirB. Ohi noRaxefca rjiynmrB h 
6yAeTB HeoAOJTHMO cipeMETBca bi yrojiRH, ^io6h H85irHyTB 

BdTJDUiAOB'B H pasrOBOpOBl. 

Hy HirB, obi noC^AHTB dry sacT&HHHBOCTB, octb 6yAerB cb 

HeK) 6opOTBCH, H HHRTO HO 8aH%TflTB OFd BHyTpOHHeft ApOSH* 

Bth mbtcjui 6opB6i h ycsjdax'B noAcipeRajiH ero, sacraBJiAJiH, 
HTO HasuBaeTCfl, craHOBHTBCfl Ha au6£i ofb Herepn^BiH CpocHTBca 
Bnepex'b. 

CTpaHHOy ^0 HH pasy bo Bpeira anxi rphshcobi owb ho 
noAyMaJiTB o&b oth^. BnpoHeicB^ raca^B npn^HHi M^DiajiE ssjiia- 
max.'b icesAy othoitb h chhoitb. Ohi jiK)6]ijrb oma, yBasajiB h 
o6ojRajrB ero. Ho obtb ne otrphjtb 6u eiiy CBoero cepAiia, ne 
XOBipHJ^B 6u cBom ?6Ctoji]o6hbux'b rpesi, neyAaTB h naAesA^, 
He HamejoTB 6u bi ero npncyrcTBrn t^tb xryqHX'B h BMicrt 
iipH]CHpBH)ntHrB BupajReHift, KoropmcH saBoeBajTB Sojioiceca. 

TOJIBRO npOAB KOJIOMeCOlTB OHI E MOrB BHCKasaiBCfl laRHlfB o6- 

pasoMi... 

FOHOpHHa BHXOAHJia HBB 60JIBHHI(U Bl KOH^I HOA^^. OffB 

>SAajrB ee y ABepeft. Ero cepAnie chjubho csaiocB, RorAa owh ee 
yBHA&ni» ci^AHyB), HCxyAaBmyfOy cb nycraicB pyRaMH, noBHcmsioi 
B!B 6e8CHJiiH« Ofla cjierRa yjoiCnyjiacB eiiy, HSAajiH, rpyciHO. 

— fl 6iuia yBipena, mo tu npHAomB... Th Chutb na noxo- 
poHaxi? 

— Aa- 

— BiKHHft RpomKa... npomeHTajna ona. 

OhH MOna BOpHyjUHCB AOMOft. 

Oaa ceftnacB saHajiacB ROMHaxoft, OTRpujia orho, ciajia hoa- 
MeraTB h crapaTB dujib. 

— Tei MOJRemB OTAOxnyiB h oROHqarejiBHO nonpaBHTBca. y 
Meea octb A^HBrH. 

— Al nponsHecjua ona paBHOAynmo; hotomi npHCasaiia: 

— Si CTBHy CHOBa pa6oTaTB... 9to iceKa pascfterB... H 6yAy 
veHBme AyxaTB... A m HxieniB xopomlft beai»! tu coBciMB nepe- 

viHBJICfl. 

Ofla CMorp&ia na nerb ci H^KoropmrB HOAoSposeJiaTeiB- 
CTBOM'B, KaRB 6yAT0 CHHiajia ero OTBiicTBeHHiurB ea CBoe ne- 
ciacTBe. 



220 P7CCB0B BOrATCTBO. 

— Ba, Tu KynHJTL HOBoe njiaTBe... 0, y tefia Gjieciflii^jl 

BBXl... 

— Tu OTJUHHO sHaeniB, ^to Ha mh^ Gojol jtoxicoTba. 

— 0, fl Te(5fl He ynpeRaio... Ho mh% naRi to CTpanno Te6a 
BHA^TB ojciiaro Cb hfojiohrh, cb nonoJiHiBniHHH nteKanE h bo* 
cejiiUMi» JSHi^OMi .... HOHHHaemB, aro aih mohh laKi hobo. 

HaapacHo OjuiB&e roBopHJii ce&by ?to Buy ne b'b ^eir& ce6fl 
ynpoKHyTB; ohi ^yBCTBOBaJii cicyn^eHie, hoith cthx:b nepefti 
BToft HocHacTHOft, KOTopaji sojiajna, ^to6u bcb OKpyaaion^ee Ha- 
noHHHaJno eft ea rope. 

Ona npoAoaxajia: 

— Bnpo^eiTb, HejiB8fl-aKe sciwb 6vab HecHaclHUHH, He npan- 
Aa JHH?.. Ho KTO HecHacTOHi, HecnacTen'L Bnojmi... 0, btotb pe- 
6enoKhy ROTopuft ne saxortjii jubtb... ohb HsCaBRji'B MeHH on 
MHorHxi) 8a6orB, oropneHlft h CTpaAasift... Kto snaen, KBJSb 6u 
A ero BocHHTaJna. Moacen 6htb, Bto Cujio 6u Moe HecnacTBe. 
Ho BcerasH, s. tbri 6uj[a euy pigta h pas'B yxea corjiacHJiacB... 

— Ho ecjiH 6u owb jrhjtb, pasBi a?.. 

Ona He OTBi^ajia) h 6pocHJia na nero Mpa^vraift bbfjua'^^ 

Bli BOTOPOM^B OHl npOHHTBJl'B BBipaSOHie HeHaBHCTH. 

BnpoAOJiseHiH Asyxi AHeft ona hohth ho roBopHJia cb wan^ 
norpyseHHaa b'b MOJi^aHie, ci sjoufB jmmm%^ HeHOABHSHUMs h 
noTeMHiBmHicH raiasaMH. Sarlirb, OAHaagpi yrpoiTB ona Bonma 
Bi KOMHaiy MOJioAaro neJioBiRa h, o6aAVh ero sa meio pysofl, 
noi^OBBJia. H ea rpycTHaa yjiBi6Ka roBopHJia, qio ona npocHTB 
npon^enlH h ?to nyxno hohatb h hsbhhhtb oh CRop6B. 

Ho Be^epoiTB, KorAa ona noMoraJia eiiy OA^BaxBCH h yB^A'iia 
ero Bi ^epHoft napi ex BiapfemzMi aaiJiieTOM^, ona CBasajia pisBo: 

— TasB TU 6yAemB BeceJiBTBCfl y bthxi noJEHnbepoBi? 

— BeceJiHTBCfl? H^tb... Si TyAE HAy ^^'^ RopucTHUxi bh- 
AOBi>... Ctojibro ase ffiSi Te6H, RaRTB h vul jieHfl. 

— EpHHeMi TyrB a? 

— dTH CHomeHia BipoaTHO novoiyrB uiA buIth na Aopory. 
KojiOMecB y^e roBopHJn hh% o ir6cT^ ceRperapa y oahofo H8- 
Bi^CTHaro aABOKBTa. 

— Te6i, Te6%... no^rh bobbmhI ie6i aro nocjiy»HrB Kb ie- 
My HH6yAB, a aro SHaio .... ho hh%? 

-- Tu dTHicB Toxe BOcnoJiBsyeniBca, a Ayiuuo. 
Ona Hoxaaa naeiaifH cb bhaomi coMHiHia h sanojauia. Ho- 
TOiTB ea ry6H daApoacaaH otb CRpuraro CTpaAania: 

— A B^AB, Bb cymHOCTKy— CRaBaaa ona, — tu Aoaseni 6utb 
OHBHB AOBOJieni, HTO pe6eH0R'B yicepi... Ohi ohohb cticHaarB 6u 
Te6a nocaft... 

MoaoAOft ^eaoB'iR'B nocicoTpijrB hb nee, HsyicaeHHUft n bos- 
Myn^eHHuft. 

— Tu c:b yica comaa!.. ?to sa Hucjni npHxoAarB Te6i bi 



OJTHBBB MTAHl. 221 

TonoBy nocjii aioro HecHacT&a?.. Th ojRecTO^aemBCfl npoiHBiB 
iceEfl... To, ^0 Tu CRasajia ceftnacL, HyAOBHn^HO... SaniifB Tii 

MH^ rOBOpHHIB BCe dTO? 

— noTOHy OTO a yraAEiBaH)... IIoTOMy wo c% rixx nopi, 
RaR^ XI poxHJia^ fl MHoro Ayicajia. ^si neA^n h ho pafioxajia, 
a dtoro CO MHoft He cjEynaaiocB en^e HBsorAa. Hy, botii & Bce 
Aynajia. Ci peCoHROH'b h ciaHOBEJiacB Te6i bi larocTB, RaRi 
^Apo KaTop3KHHRa, orb KOToparo ho TasfB to JierRo ocbo6oahtbch..» 
MesAy ^tf^ o^ OAHHORoft seHn^HHu H86aBHTBCH TaKse jierRO, 
RaRi njooHyiB... EpoMi loro, ne npaBAa^'AH? mi ho MO»eirB b-Ih* 

HO aSHTB BMlCTi. Tu MOHfl 6pOCHniB. 7 Te6A 6yAyrB AOHBrH, 

yAOBOJiBCTBia; TBoe hh^ noflBHTCH Bi nenaTH... Hy, a a... a Bce 

i5yAy A^aTB CBOH IlBiTU... 

Ona roBopHJia MOAneHHO, mohotohho, ho HSHinnH rojuoca, He 
ofiHapyscHBaa BoarHeniH. TenepB efl KasaJiacB nanpacHoft ea Mena 
synHTB CBoero JnoCoBHHRa, cjihtb ero cyn^ecTBOBanie co cbohhi, 
BufiTH sa Hero, noacajiyft, sanyacB. 

— Ho BiAB H Te6fl He 6pocaio, ^opn bosbmhI-^bocrjihr- 

HyJTB OjIHBBe HeiepH'&IHBO. 

Ona ynpflifo Mojraajia. 
TorAa ohi o6Hflji'B ee. 

— nocjiyniaft, FonopKHa^ 6yAB pascyAHieJiBHa... CRaacH uwb 
OAHO cJiOBo, HTo6i He pasciaTBca TaRHMB o6pa30irB... Tti onm- 
tfaeniBCfl Ha Moft c?erB.«. FoHopHHa... h onosAaio... 

— YxoAH... a Te6fl ne A^psy... 

OjraBBO 6UJIII pacTporaHi h dcarHeHB. ?to Mon ohb CRa- 
saTB? FoHopHHa 6HJia npana Ceny cthaho 6ujlo chophtb h npn- 
6iT9kTb Ro nxB, ROTopaa, BnpoHeiTB, He o6MaHyjia 6u ee): oie 
BHAHO, owb ee i5poCHTi>. %o Racaeica pe6eHRa..* dra ciiepTB ero 
rjiy6oRO ipoHyjia. Bi ery HBHyiy, ocjihCu noTpe6oBajiocB OTAais 

CBOK) RpOBB, HTOdl BOCRpOCHtB G^AHyK) RpOHIRy, 0H1» OTAaJTB 6u 

ee ci paAOCTBH). A MeacAy libini!.. ^to-to meBOJinjiocB bi caHOft 
rjiyCHHl ero AyniH, bb RaROicx to OTAajreHHOiTB TeMHOirB yrojiRi^, 

TX^ OWb (MTb HHHerO He BHA^^^ aCHO. n OHli OTRaSHBaJICfl orB 

Hoxbe BHHMaTejibHaro Hscjii^AOBaHia, 6oacB oTRptiTB bi aToft rjiy- 
Chh^ acecTORoe ^yBcxBo... 

Ohi noBticHJi'B rojiocB, RaR'B 6u GoacB, htoCi ohb ho Apor- 
Hyju-B, H CRasan: 

— Jifi CBHAaHBH..; a aepnycB, Bipojirno, oneHB hosaho. 
EpoTOCTB FoHopHHH OFO yAHBJuaJia. TenepB ohi» HpeACTaB.SHJrB 

ceGi paspuBi bosuojrhuicb h Gjehsrhitb h BHyrpoHHO paAOBaJica 
npesAeBpeMeHHoft horophocth cBoeft jiio6obhh]pi. 

3to (SHJsa HHSRan, TpycjiHBafl mhcjib, otb ROTopofi ero jomo 
noRpuJiocB Bi TeuHOT^ RpacROK) CTHAa. He 6uJio jih 8T0 npeA' 
BHaMeHOBaHieifB? Ero nponutoe 6ujio npa^Ho, ho hhcto. ByAy- 
sqee, Roropoe oTRpuBajiocB ci aroro Benepa, ne fotobbjio jih eny 



222 P7CCK0E BOFATCTBO. 

MeAieHHarOy ho poROBoro na^eHiji? ]IpHH1^iIIu SojuoMeca Kasa-* 
jiHCB eiiy BOBMjTHTejiBHH. HiaBi, owh OTpeRaercfl orb rop- 
AOCTs, orb ^ecTE, oh^b CTanen loproBaiB jtojkbioI Ohi ocy* 
AHTB Ha MOJinanle cbok) cob^ctb, ohi» orpeneTCA on cbohxi no- 

JUBLTHHeCKHXl BSrJUAXOB'B, OHl HpOTJiHOn pyRJ MV>fflU%j KOTO- 

pux:b npesHpaJTB hhcthhktiibho, kbki hchoptohhuxi h rpH3- 

HUXl. 

A sa HHniy HasaxH 6ixBafl FoHopBHa, rpycTHO pasMuniJEiriD- 
n^aa osna bi CBoeft njioxo ocB^^eBHoft KOMBartl E^AHaa ffl* 
BjniRa, xJifl ROTopoft npavoxyniie h qecxHocTB 6ujih HOoCxoAHiai, 
Raxi caMa JHoniEal Jl^oCpaa Ayma, ROTopaii Cujia tbrx npoAaHa 
eny B^b dTH upaHHue ahhI.. 

0, ho tojibro acen^HHy^ — ohi ocnasiJL'b sa 006010 cboio go* 
BicTB, CBOK) ropAOCTBl Ohi jijuKJVb Tom, RBRi 6jiaropoAHO, 
RBRib^repoH^o 6huio 6h ocTaHOBHTbCA ceftHaci, BepHyTBCJi na^ 
saxi*, BsOisaTB no juicTHHA^ h 6pocHTBca wh o6i>£Tlji Foho- 

PHHU. 

— Th BHffiniB, s. Bepnyjica... s. lyrb, mh yMpem Buicri, 

eCJIH 8T0 HySHO... 

^Ho OjiHBbe Bce mejTB BnepoAi, ycRopa^ mani, Coacb ohob- 
xaTB H He sacraiB y»e EojroMeca. 

— %o sa jomo y Tetfa, Hopn bosbmh?— BOCRJiHRHyjrb no- 
cjiid^AHift npH BHA^ CBoero APyra* — CypoBocTb noacajiyt HAon 
Kb caAOHy noJiHHBepoBi, HO Tu npeyBaDHHHBaemB. IIocTapaftai 
pacopaBHTb CBOH Hopn^HHU... Th ho CyAoniB HiiiTB ycnixa cb 

dXHIfB HOrpeCaJILHUM'b BHAOltb... Mofi MHJIUft, MH HAOITB HrpaiB 
ROUeAlK)... MOfl pOA— pOJIB HOpBarO JIK)60BHHRa. 

H OHH ymjiH noAi* pyRy. 



xxn. 

SbOHI ROJIOROJIBHHRa y BXOAHOft ABOpH BUSBaAl Vb OjOIBBO 

HorpflceHie, RaRoe HcnuTUBaiorb Aft^RO xpa6pue jiioah npn nep- 
BOiTb nyme^Hoirb Bucipiji'b, nanHHaionteBrb 6]iTBy. Ho ohb bu* 
npiiHHJiCfl H Bomeji^b b'b rocTHfiyio cb bucoro noAHflTOfl roJio- 

BOft, Cb TBepAUMl BSrJDEJlAOH'b. 

M-mc IIoJiHHBep'B Cuoia sennpiHa cpeAHaro pocTa cb Rpac* 

HUMH H^eRaMH, SeCTRHirb H XOaiOAHJUMl JiVmOWb^ BHCOROMipHUlTb 

H npocroBaTbiiTb bbaomi. Ho oHa npociaja npH bha^^ MOJiOAoro 
HejioB^Ra. Ona npHHJiJia ero cb yjm6R0ft noRpoBHTeJCbCTBeHHoft 
Ao6poTU H nosajia oHy Apy^ecRH pyRy. 

— fl Bacb sHaH) yace, monsieur... Moft Apyn>, m-me Rojuo-* 
Mecb (mbib 8Toro noBicu,— bto bi CRofiRaxi) vh6 mhofo ro- 
BopHJia Bacb H B'b TaRHxi noxBajiBHiiXB BJupaseniiix'B, ^lo 
a BBMi OHOHB 6jiaroAapHa sa Bame nociH](eHle. 



OJIHBBE AATAFL. 223 

Ona yKasajna eny Ha CTyjrb orojio ce6ji h npoxojisajra fobo- 
pBiB m-me KoJiOMeci, o&b aroft Aoporoft poACTB6HHHi(i, Ta- 
Kofl xo6poft, MHJioft, Kani 6u cosAaHHofi CjnicraTB bi» CBiti, h 
vh TO ace BpeMa TaRoft nenajiBHoft. OaHBLO ee eoie dnajTb. Oea 
He HOKaaHBajiacB wb chiii cb rbxh nopi, Kasi saCojrIjia. Ohb 
lyHam Heft juniiB KaKi ofo oxBJieHeHHoft CHji, o6'b hcrjc- 
HoiCB H ocToposHoiTB BJiJiHlH, pyROBOAflH^eiTB HSAajiH maraiiH 
Eojioveca n'h cb^tI. 

Cjiymaa ■ oTBinafl oahocjiojkho h, bi to se speMir, KHAaa 
spyroiTB CucTpue Bsraflxu^ OjniBBe saM^TSJorB h%ckojibro xopo- 

meHBRHXl OKeHCRBZl H X'^BHHBEX'B ^HrypB, HTB O^HaJKeHHilfl 

HJie^oi, Hxi 6iflua mee, pasHOKBtTnyio, oxBBJieHHyK) cvficB Tya- 

JEeTOBl, DOBB, XeCTOBl HOft'S OCJrlnHTOJIBHBnrB 6^0BaT2IJfB H 

uixaam GjiecRoui CB^^eft. 

M-me nojKHHBep'B roBopHJia seManno, niypHJia rjnasas c»h- 
Majia CBOft H Ced'B tofo ifajieHBRift pothrb. Ea rdjcroci, cyxoft h 
p%8Rifty RaRi 6u paaCBBascH na nejiRie secTRie rjcrh, ROTopue 
HenpiflTHO CTajiRBBaJDHCB jKpyrb cb Kpyrowb. Bnpo^eifB hoai^ se- 

MaHCTBOlTB ^OpMII, HOA'B CJiaH^aBOft DiaJIOBJlHBOCTBH) BUpaXeHlft, 

OjiHBBe yrasuBajii dneprHHecRyio bojik>, nojraifimee OTcyTCTsie 
HyBCTBHTejoBHOCTH, noTpe6HOCTB BJiacTH. dro BMy 6BIJII0 6ojrbe 
no cepxi^; owh nyBCTBOBajnib 6u ce6s. hojiobro, ecJiH 6u ony- 
THjicfl wb npHcyTCTBifl oco6h npHBiTJiHBOfl: H AoCpoft. Ho nepefti* 

HHM1» BpaTB, ROTOparO HaAO SaCTaBHTB CJiyJRHTB) ROTOparO OHB 

npexacrB 6eB'B yrpuseHifl cob'Icth. 

— IIoBHAHMoify,— roBopHJia OHa, — bh UHoro pa6oTajiH. Ba- 
ma MOJiOAOCTB 6HJia nocBiin^eHa TpyxaicB vb npoTHBynoJiosHOCTB 
MOJiOAKUfB jifdsflwby ROTopue o6uKHOBeHHO Ha'TOHaioTi CB pasBJie- 
Henift. Bami Apyn» CHHTaerB BacB ohbeb snaron^HMB. 

— Ol cyAapHHa,— OTBtnaJi-B OjiHBBe cRpoMHO, ho Cesi CMy- 
nieniH. 

— TaR'B p^AKO MOXHO BCTP'ItHTB TpyA0JIH)6HByH> mojqioaoctb 

Bi name Bpeicfl <$e8nopjiAR& h anapxlH, RorAa AOCTaio^no hm^tb 
AypHUH Manepu, anjiiOH6'B, nocin^aTB Ro^eftHH h 6yflHHTB, hto6u 
HdA^TBCH HM'i^TB BJiiflHlo Ha A^a FocyAapcTBa. 

OjDSBBe npHCiajiBHo nocHOTp%Ji'B Ha nee n onycTHJii rjiasa. 

Ona npoAOJixajra: 

— npocTO Hosopi), — KaRle jiiOAH ynpaBjrflion. naMH. HeAas- 
Hie o6opBaHi^u, ne mi^Bnile ao BoftHU HHHero, Kpoiii aojifobb, 
Tenepb noRynaiorB ce&b ABopi^u; jiioah Geai TajiaHTa, 6e3i npHH- 
ipmoB'B, Gesi ctua^? rpy6ue crotu, nacTOJin^e cuhu cBoeft pec- 
Hy6jiHRH... JIioAH, ABBHSX ROTopuxB — tiesGoflue! 

— Ho, cyAapHHH,.. 

OhI OHJiTB SaHOJIHaJIl, saH^THB'B, HTO 8a HBICB Ha6jB[K)AaH)T'B, 

H BHpasHJii CBoe corjiacie HeonpeA'^eHHUM'B ABHseHieMi ro- 

JI0B2I. 



224 P7CGK0E BOriTGTBO. 

F-aca IIojiHHbepx BHesanno nepeiiiHHJora tohi. 

— £[ Baci ceftiacb npeAcraBJuo r. JJ^BdJia^ya, cb RoropuM^b 
H yse roBopua o saci. 

^bejia^ya, saRi aABORarB, fiiijn HSBicieH'B ei^e bo Bpena 
HtfnepiH. Ero nepBoe rpoMRoe k^jlo AOciaBEJuo eny cpasy espo- 
neftCKyio HSB^CTHOCib. Xopomo npHHATJufi npH ABopi, RypTHsaHi 
E yMHBiia, BoineAinift bi Moxy CRaHxaiiBHUMH h npoAasHUMB 
npoKeccaMH, ohi mofl 6u cocTaasTB snanTeJi&Hoe cocroaHie, 
ecJiH 6u HpesMipmia noxpefiHOCTH ero cjouiromi mnpoRoft na- 
Typu H6 sacTRBJiajiH ero npeAasaTBCfl Bciicb yAOBOJn»CTBiflM'b, ^to 
norjion^ajio rpoMaAHua cyMini ero 3apa6oTRa. HeJioBtRii RuajxhCB 
H BAOXHOBeHia, HMnpoBBSHpyioiitift cboh CTpoftHHa ptiH, Mory- 
^ecTBesHufi aABORan h tojibro aABORan, 6epyii^ifi Ha ce6a 
jratDB TpyAHUH, HeBOBHOXHua A'^Jra, sapaH^e noiepaHHua aia 
ApyrHxi,— OH'B H wh KE3HH HyjKAancfl B^ nocToaHHoiTb B036yaR- 
AeHia h HanHinecTBarB, hto6x noAA^pacBBaiB HSB^CTHyK) AymeB- 
ByK) Teicnepaiypy. Ero HSBicTHocTB h rpoirswHuft xaJiaHrB no- 
AaBJiflJiH BcaRoe sjiocjiOBie b ocya^eeie. 

— BusHaere, — CRasajnam-menojurHBepi), — ohi BcerAa npB- 
HOCBJi'B c^acTBe CBOBBi npoiese... Ohi cb j[io6obbh) saHBMaeTCJi 
o6pa30BaHieM'B cbohxi yneHBROBii. H AyBaio, — oROH^BJia oaa Cb 
AOBOJiBHoft yjm6Rofiy— HTo 0H% BosBicerB Bac^B r:b ce6t. 

— £[ He sHaK), npaaO) madame, Raai AORasaiB cbok) npB- 

BHaieJIBHOCTB. 

Ohi 6opMOTajrB eft o CBoeicB cnacTBH, ho ho on^yn^ajii ero. 
Oai) BHaJii penyraniio J^Bejia^ya, RaRi RyTBJiu b aieBCia, b eny 
craio HOHTB CMimHO nps UHCjm, hto btotb ^ejEtoBiRi npoHBRi 
Bi rocTBEyio, ROTopaa cjiaBBJtacB crporociBio npasoBi b pes- 

HOCTHUMl RJEepHRajIBSMOlCB. 

Bi dry UHHyTy owb yaBA'^JTB bi aajii BucoRyio KOiOAyK) 
A^BymKy, bx 6'bjLOWb. Ona 6uJia CesycjiOBHO npeRpacna, Cb 
HBCTBiMB ^epiauB, 6jiecTantBMB rjiasaMB, bucokbmi 560111, ch 
BOJiocaMB, npBnoAHaTUHB npBHecRoft^ RaR'B y jS[,iaHH. Ea ropAaa 
nocrynB BHSBiBajia caoeio HenpBHyacAeHHOCTBio b jierKocTBio bucjib 
npeRpacHoft RJiaccB^ecROft cxaiyt. Ona noAxoABJOia CBBHpasKe- 
HieBi BBicoROMipia Ha jasn% b ohb no^BCTBoaaji'B, hto ero 
"^To-TO RaRi 6yAT0 lOJiRaerB nasaA^ npB ea npBfijiBaceHiB: cob- 
Ha ero caBa yrjiy6jiajiacB b-b cnBHRy RpecJia* 

— Moa AOHB,— CRasajia m-me IIoJUiHBep'B. 
Ofl^B Cucrpo noAHajicfl. 

— r. OaBBBe JifiTdLWb. 

Oh^ noRJioHBjica. MojiOAaa A^BymRa OTB^iBJia nyrB saM^^T- 

HBHTB HaRJIOHenieM^B roJlOBU, B, BHnpaMBBmBCB, OWb BCTpi^TBai 

BsrjiflA'B AByxx BOJiBROJiinHBix'B raasi, cmotp^&bizjbx'b na nero 
npBCTaJiBHO) CB HoyjiOBBBO-saraAO^HHBi BupasenieirB, 

^EOJiH cRasajna aj^ckojibko cjiobi BaiepB. Ojubbbo orxoABJiT*, 



OJIHBBE A^TAHX. 225 

nTo6i» ycTymiTL eft m^cto, KorAa xaROft to rocnoAHHx noAomeji'L 
Kh HeHy B B8JIJIX ero sa pjKH. 3to 6usi> r. IIoJiHHLepi>, ao- 

BOIDbHO SpaCHBHft HJ^HHHa, C^b HeSHaHBTeJIBHHMX, X06pUM'b JIH- 

ifOM^b, OKafiMJieHHHMii poBHO noACTpBseHHUMH ci]5ibiom^M.iiL 6a- 
KeH6apAaMH. Ohii noranpLJii MOJiOAoro HejnoB^Ka b^l MajienBRift 
caJiOHX, Tjsji qejdOB'&K'B ABawaTb ny^^EHi bo ^paEaxx, ci> kjia- 
KauH noA^ MumKoft, 6ojiTaJiH, H^ROTopue chah, 6ojiBmaH ^acfs 
CTOJi, RanaacB na cboex'b pasABHHjTBiZ'B, BBrr^HyTHX'B Horaxi. 
r. IIojraHBep'B noBTopHJU'B OjiHBBe Bce, ?T0 eiiy yse CKasajia 
ero xeHai MojioaoA HejiOB^Ri noRHJi%, ^lo dTorb rocnoAniTB Ghjii 

JIHmB OTTOJIOCROICB, 9X0, ^tlCB-TO Bl pOfli MyXa-CJUyrH. OjDLHBBe 

CAiJiiaJLi* BHHMaTeJiBHyK) ^HsioHoiffiK) E Bi TO se BpeMH Ha6jiio- 
AajTB rocTeft, npucjiyiiiBBaflCB ri> OTpuBKaHi pasroBopoB^B, roto- 

pBie MOrB yJIOBHTB. 

r. IIojniHBepi roBopHJii AOJiro, cb BaxnuirB h ceHTeH^io3- 
HBnrB BBAOM'B, CTapaacB He ocTanaBJiEBaTBca, BCTaBjrflfl bi» cbok) 
p£^ 6e8R0HeHHBiji OTCTynJieniH. 

— TaRi Bi BpeTaEOi, AORaauBaji'B ohi, Ha namefi poAHH'i^ 
r-»n IIoJiEHBep'B h Moeft... a Gujtb HOTaplycoirB bi ^... b% np'o- 
AOJixeHiH AecHTH Jiirb, a moh jseHa npHnaAJieacHTB ri comb^ 
HHHOBHHROB'B H3X Bucmaro cyAe6Haro H;ipa... MUHM^eMX seMJuo, 

RpOlii SaVRa, ^"B ROTOpOMl HBT HpOBOAHITB HOTHpO, H^TB M^Ca- 

i](eBi Bx roAy. Hy, TaRi bh ho Mo&ere ce6i npoACTaBikTB, Ra- 
Ria saTpyAHenia mh BCTp'i^aeni ejReAHeBHO Cb ^epnepaMH, RaR'B 

XHTpBI H HeA06pOCOBiCTHU 3TH JliOAH, RaRl pOCTCTB BXl A^p- 

socTjb. Pa6oHlft, ROTopBift AOBOJiBCTBOBaJtca npe«Ae A^caTBR) cy bi 

AeHB, HepHHITB XJli60HX H CyHOICB H ROTOpuft 6hUn> npH dTOlTB 

CHacTJiHB'B, 3AopoBi> H AOBoaeHx, TenepB Tpe6yerB TpHAi^aTB cy, 
6iJiiaro xjrl6a, Maca, n bbi AynaeTe, hto OHi BaifB 6jiaroAapeHi>? 
OHinHmerB na CT^naxi* m^jiomi name hmh cb npH6aBJieflieH:B 
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Aoporb, OH'B He B'ipHTX TenepB HH'ieicy, ohh ne xoAarB 6ojii^e 

BB IiepKOBB; n 310 BB BpeTaHH! — 0! dTHHOBUa BJlfiH^ 8TH mRO- 

jiBi, dTO Bce nxi A'^^o!.. 

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RaRi say^oHHuft ypoRX. Ero a^ecTU coxpannjiH npoBHHitiajiBHyK) 

piSROCTB; CepBeSHOCTB HeHOABHSHarO aHD^a 6B[JQ[a CJIHHIROM'B 

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jiHJia cBoero cynpyra, ho eft ne y;iajiocB npsAaTB eny noABHac- 
HOCTB, JioBROCTB, TO HeyaoBHMoe HiHTO, HO ROTopoMy MBi cpasy 
ysHaeiCB napHsamiHa. P. IIoaHHBep^B npeACTaBJiaaca OMy neao- 
utKOM'B, naAit ROTop£un> MHoro TpyAHaHCB h HaROHei^B CpocHas, 
norepaBB BcaRyio naAeacAy, RaKx fipocaion HeroAHHft npeAMerB, 
KOTopBift nepecTawT'B Aaae BHAiiB oRoao cefia... 

— 3to HecTHHft H HecHacTHHft ^eaoB^Rx, — noAyMaa-B oii^. 
Ohb HyBCTBOBaa'B, hto MoaoAue awAH ocMaipHBaioT'B ero, 

-' 4. Or Aia-B. 1. 15 



226 pyCGEOE BOrATCTBO; 

?T0 OHi> B086yaECAs^erb jiK)6onHTCTBO. y Hero ne 6ujio hh bx*^ 
MSHepi, HH yirlHiA AepiKaTbca, he descipacTfloft rpHHaciii Jiai^a. 
Ero $paRi» H 6piOKH Chum spyroro nospon. Bc% sth mojio- 
Aue JHOAH 6iuiH He^ypHU co6oft, npuiTHu b% o6paii](eBlH, ho 
aio o6aflHle ohh npioCpixajiB, RaRi jKeHn^HHU, ch noHOH^Bio 
HSHCKaHHaro TyaJiexa, BunpaBRoft, npHHOCROft k'b jomy, H'lifB to 
HeyjioBHMuirb, ocoGeHHuirb daRpy^HBaHleirb ycoB'B, CTpHSKoft 
6opoAH, nocTOflHHOJBt ROReiJDLHBOft yjiKt^ROfi. Ohh Bci Cujih 6o- 
raTH. TntecjiaBHaa AepsocxB ycTpeMJieHHHxi na Hero BsiJiflAOBii 
KasajiacB Ojibbbo rjiynofi: TaRi paBCHaipHBaioirb Jionqtffb, Rap- 
THHy, HHTepecHuJt npeAMen; h owb oiBi^ajni mrb BusuBaion^efi 
yjiufiROft, BiinpflMHBmHCB, RaRi 6u jsjiM arraRH* 

r. IIOJIHHBep'b yCXpeJCHJICH K'b KaKOlfy-TO HOBOMy rOCTK), E 

OjiHBBe ociaJiCH oahhi. Oh'b MeA^eHHo ABHrajiCH neiRAy rpya- 
naiiBy npHCJtymHBaacB k'b pasroBopani. Ohh eepiiJiHCB na ko- 
HOTRax'B, MOAHnxi aRTpHcax'B, jiomaAaxB, nepecunaJiHCB BBfpa- 
^eHi^HH apro h cnopTa, npepuBaiiHCB cjuHmsoirB rpoMRHirB cirb- 

XOlfB. BuCORift HOyRAEO^ft MOJIOAOft HeJUOBiRl, CB MOHORJieSTB B'B 

rjiasy, ci CMimHBurB JiHi](oirb, a^eRTHpyion](HMi» naHBHocTB iipo- 
ciaRa, pascRasuBaJU'B myTOHnyK) caeHy uesAy rapcoHOiTB pecTO- 
paaa h HBHHoft A'iBRoft. H^crojibro 3a6aBHUX'B cjiobi pasBOce- 

JIHJIH OjIHBBe, ROTOpuft OCXaHOBHJICfl H CJiymaJTBy OOOApeHHUft 

BsrjiflAOBiB pascRasqHRa, ropAHBmarocH cbohmi ycnixoMi. 

— BorB hhxhrh! — CRasasi ce6i OarasBe, hobojibho yAu6aflCB 
yAaHHo pascRasaHHOMy HHHToacnoMy aneRAOiy. 

Oh'b yAajiHJiCH, conpoBOJRAaeMuft BsrjuiA&v^} ^ ciajii xoahtb 
OROJio cepBesHuxi fochoab, roBopHBnmxi no ABoe hjih rpyn- 
naMH. Hx:b JiHi^a 6bijih Mpa^HH h CRy^HH. Mnorie roBopHJiH 
TaRjRe cnopri, Apyrie o noJiHTHRi. OjiHBBe npHCJiymajicH. 
Ohi ycjDumaJi'B hobua scajio6u Ha nacTOiin^ee noJiojReHie. ^ajiBme 

6paHfl:iE[, TOHTaJIH B'B rpHSB aiOAefi, KOTOpUlCH OH'B BOCXHO^aJICH. 
HaXOAHJIH Bl HXl A'&flCTBiflX'B HBSRle MOTHBBI HJIIH TpeTHpOBaJIH 

Hx^ CB npespHTeJiBHOft JierROCTBio, ocyacA^A oahhu'b tohom'bhjih 

UpOHH'ieCRHHB CJIOBOITB, HBSBepraH OAHHMl HpespHieJlBHUM'B 

lAejiqROM'B. OAHa ^pasa sacraeHJia ero pisRO o6epHyTBCji. Ona 
6BiJia CJTHHIROM'B HOJiina, cjiHrnROicB HecnpaBeAUHBa. Oh'b 04y- 

THJICa JIHaOMB Rl JIHI^ CB 6JI0HAHH0irB BB OpAeHdX'B, KOTOpuft 

nocMOTp'bjiB Ha Hero cb HsyBuieHleM'B, BBiTapan^HB'B rjiada, c^ 
uep'&aiBTejiBHoft yjiBi6R0ft na ry6axx. 

rio pasroBopaicB ohi> yraAaJi'B AenyTaTOBi*, npesHHx^ hhhob- 

HHROBB, yBOJieHHUX^ HOBUM'B HpaBHTeJIBCTBOlTB, yTiniaK)n^HXCfl 

Bi> npasAHOCTH oxcTaBRH JierRHMH capRasicaMH. Ohh hoxoahjih na 
npornaHHux^B JiaReeBB. llrb 6ojrroBHH cociofljoia B'B cHJieTHAxx. 
He 6ujio npoHSHeceno hh oahofo rjiy6oRaro hjih B^pnaro cjiOBa^ 
He 6bijio h noMHHa o&h haohxb. 



OIHBLE ;^ATAH'B. 227 

— Grotu, AOCToftmie xjiucra h Bosseft..* jiaReH, — noKjusLJVb 

OjIHBBe. ^ 

Obj» HanpaBHJicA ki xBepairB 6ojamot rocTHHoft, npHBJie- 
^eHHuft ryjioiTb aKeHCRHXi rojiocoBi, h ocraHOBiiJicfl na nopori. 

Ohi jbha^jtb BucoKyio A^ByniBy Bi C^jioicb; ona CHA'^Jia 
nocpoAH ROMHaiu, pasroBapHBaH ci AByKH Mys^BHaicH, h noA- 
HHJia roJEOBy npH ero BXOAi. Mosao 6bijio noAjMaTB, ito ona 
noA^cHAajia noHBjreHla hojioaofo ^ejiOB^Ra, h, KasajiocB, nepe- 
CTaaa cjiymaTB CBoero co6eclAHBBa, BunpflKHBrnBCB na KpecJi^; 
^ rpyAB noAHMaJiacB noA'b MOJioiHOft TBaBi»K) sopcaaui, e^irjiasa 
bctpItbjihcb cii rjiasaicn OjuiB&e. 9to npoAOJisajiocB h'^ckojibro 

CeRyHjll. nOTOlTB, IfOAJieHHO, eCTeCTBeHHUirB ABHaCOHleiTB A*^ 

BymRa oTBepHyjiacB. Ha Hero sb OHa CMOipljia? BHAlijia jih ona 
ero?— OHi He sHaJTB. Ho ohb hobtophjtb npo ce6H ea hua, RaRB 
6yAT0 sejiaa ero sanoicHHTB: cJEfOJiH, dTO Xiojihi. 

Oh'b BHA&ii Gfl npo^HJiB. HpflMoft HOCB CujTb saici'iaTeJibHO 
npaBHJiBHOft ^opicBi;* bto 6kjio RaRi 6yAT0 o6pa8iioBoe npoHSBe- 
Aeflie HCRyccTBa, BBHOHeHHoe hsx JiyHniaro Mpauopa. BucoRift 
jLO&b TepAJica Bi xeMHurB, rycT£ix:B BOJiocaxi: Ronrypii pxa 6iiJiH 
^pesBu^aftHO HisHH; HacHcnoft noA^opoAORB rpaitfosHO coeAH- 
HJiJicfl cb JiHHieft TOJioA men, A^HHOft h rH6Roft. Otb aioro 
H86uTRa RpacoTu Bifljio xojiOAOicB; cyxocTBK) jijmTi H cepAOa* 
HTO 8a6uBajiocBy npaBAa, RorAa A^Bynoca noBopa^HBajiacB jnasfiwb 
H CMorpijora na sacx 6ojiBmHifH, orneHHina^ nmpoRO-pacRpK- 
TUXH rjiasaiiH. 

Hrpajia-JiH OHa pojiB? Sejiajia-JiH ona BUSBaTB ero BocxHn^e- 
Hie? ^tiTB offB 6£ijrB A^ nefl, CTaHeTB-am offb rbwb HH6yAB A^ 
BToro npeRpacHaro cosAaHln, B086ysAaBmaro saBHCTB cairax'B 
6oraT(irB jiiOAeft! 

KaRB paai npontBi Hero, Ba apTtoitb ROHi(i cajiona, Ko- 
lOxecB, CHAH Ha ny^, GonajTB cb ^xopomeHBRoft 6pK)HeTR0ft, 
ROTopafl, noAHJTOB RpacHHft Btepi RB noAfiopoARy, CHOTplsa Ha 
Hero CB jiyRasoft yjiii6R0ft. BipoflTHO, p%hb nuia o jik>6bh. 

B% dry MHHyiy juaReft aojioxsjtb: cAORiopi npaBi ^Bejia- 
$ya>. 

Bomejnb Toicrut, RopoieHBKlft nejiOBiRi cb Rpyrjouiib Rpac- 

HUITB JOmOWbf CB MaJieHBRHMH SHBIIMH, XHTpHMH FJiaSRaiUi. Owh 

npH6jiBJKaJiCfl Cb pasBflSHOCTiK) AopeBencRaro tfapumHHRa, bu- 
HypHO noRJiOHHicfl r-s6 HoJiHHBep'By ROTopaa BCTajra n BCRopi 
nocxk Toro noABaia ero ri ABepxuci MaieHBROft tocthhoS. 

— r. Ojubbo Jifinm^^ o ROToporL h Bam roBopHJia, juo- 

6e8HUft AORTOpi. 

J(oRiopi Jl^a^ya npOTjrayjTB pyRy Ojeebbo h nocMOTp&rB 
Ha Hero TaRHMH Hepmnni m npoHSHrejiBHHMH nasaicH, ito ho- 
jiOAoft HejioBiKB cMyTHjrca. OffB crapajrca onpaBBTBca, 6oflCB> 
noRasaTBCH HeaoBRHitB H po6rsm'b. 

15* 



228 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

— SI BK^ ocTaBJUK) OAHHxi,— CRasajra r-jRa IIojiHHBep'B, 
OTXOfla. 

— H npiixaJTb OT^acTS paAH sac-B, cyAapB...r-acanojinHBep'B 
BSHJia cb MeHH o6iii]iaHi6y a a oieHB jRejuaio eft 6bitb npiaiv 
HuifB... ^epesi HeTBepTB ^laca a yjoisHy OTCioAa... nosaBTpa- 
Rafiie saBTpa co MHoft... 

cOh'b BosBMerB MeHfl R'B ce6i, ohi mh^ CjBfiTh npoieauK- 
poBaTB, nocxaBHTB Mena Ha ^oporyi,— BOCRaHii;aa'B 0jihbb6 wh 
TJiy6imi AyniH, bi nopBiB^ BocTopra. Ecjm 6u ohi nameorB b:b 
RapKaHi CBoero ^cHjueTa m&Kb na cro THca^i ^panROB'B, dTO He 
yAHBHJio 6h ero 6oji%e. 

jH^BeiLa^ya ORHHyn BsrjiaxoirB MajieHBRift caaoHi, ejie oni- 
risjvb Ha MHOssecTBO horjiohobi s npomojii* ci npespHTejiBHUiTB 
H npesefipejRHTejibHmi'B bhaoicb cpe^H HaRJioneHHUx'B rjJioBmn^, 
nos^TB. pyRy BaacHHxi rocnoA'B. 

^epesi HicROJiBRO MHHyrB qhb BepHyjica Kb HOJiOAOHy ^^e- 
jiOBiRy. 

— RaROBa? 0; 9Ta AP^nnaa ^k)jih Hacioan^aa RpacaBHi](a... 
Sfi aaBTpa, HenpaBAa jis?.. Moft BHSiirb ROH^ieni, iiena bha'^^jth, 
H a Hc^esaio— 

IIpofiAa CHOBa ManeHBRift* casoH^, owh ncies'B bi npoinBono- 
jiojRHUxi ABepaxi. 

OjEHBBe, CToa Ha noporfi, OQBania'B orb c^acTBa h ne bh- 
A'Ijtb y:Re HH^ero SojiBine. BecB btoti* niyMi iojiocobi, bspbcbu 
jR8HCRaro cifixa, n^eaRanBe B^epoBii nanoaHaair ero BOCXHTHTeJiB- 
HJBZiTB qyBCTBOMi yAOBoaBCTBia. Ohb BUHHai OAHHi sa ApyrHH^B 
B'IcRoaBRo craRanoBi nynma, pasHocHMaro na noAHOcax'B aaRea- 
HH, H BApyn» RaRx 6u o^nyaca, noiyBCXBOBaB'B na ce6i BsraaA'b 
JEioaH, ROTopaa npnciaaBHO CHOTp'Haa na nero. Oni yAepsaaca, 
^ToC'B ManmnajiBHo ne oiBixsTB eft yanSRoft. 

Bi ipeiift pas'B owb BCTpiiHa'B dTon orneHHuft BsraaAi, 
npon^aaCL cb r-aceft IIoaHHBep'B. Ohi» hhsro noRaoHHaca ^loas, 
ROTopaa, RaRfB eny noKasaaocB, ne oiB^^aaa na ero noRaoHi, h 
8a6Krai» noaaiB pyRy r. IIoaHHBepy. 

Ohh BBimaH Ha' yanDty bm4ctI cb KoaonecoMi. 

— Hy OTO? — cnpocaa-B noca^AHift,— th AOBoaeHB? 

— Bi Bociopri, cxapEHal EaRi 6yAT0 cb Mena cnaaa aaoe 
oiapoBaHie! 

— BHaeniB.., a Te6a ne npeAynpeAHa-B, noTOicy ito iHnaoxo 
CBHrpaa'B 6h poJB, a HaAO npeAOCTasaaTB HiROXopyio Aoaio 
cayqaio... ih npeACxaBae^T. b*b axoifB Aowi He xo, hxo coBcfeMi 
peaRAionepoMi, ho h^itb xo b'b poA% dxoro... 

— %o mh4 aa jxjbuoy pasi a ao6bk)cb CBoerol 

— Axil XH npeAaxeaBi — BOCRaHRHyai KoaoMecB, cMiacB. 

— KaRHXi> alrb m-Ue IIoaHHBepx? 

— JI|BaAn;axz ex ^iiCB-io. 



OIHBLE A^TAH'L. 229 

— H eme He saMyaceiTB? 

— ^oprb B08BUHI B-b TOMi TO n i^tjio... 9to cTpaHHaa ji- 
BjniRa, OHa bc^mi OTRaBUBuenb... Oaa oneBB HecT0JiK)6HBa, ho a ne 
SHaio, Hero ona xohotb... Sto A'^Bsna ne noRJiaAHCTafl, AepsBafl, 
K0R6TRa, BTO RaRoft-TO 6^6H0Ri, 6631 cepftita... yMHa-JIH? Hy 
9T0 saraARa! Ho CHJia bojih! npoA'^ dioft BOJieft cniGaeTca en icaTB, 
a aTHM'B MHoro CRasano... Mena ona, rohoiho, npesHpaerB... 
Bujio BpeiiA, ROfAa a efl roBopHJrb pasHHH jiioOesHOCTH, ho y mbha 
CRopo ot6hjqi oxoTy... TenepB mh nojRHMaoM'B Apyn Apyry 
pyRy H 9T0 Bce... Mu ho oGuinjuiHCB hh cjioBOifb 3% 9T0in> 
roAy— 

Ojirbbo HacRopo npocTHJica CO CBOHBTb ApyroiTB. Eny xoii- 

JIOCB OAHHOHeCTBa. 

OHimeJi'B 6HCTpo, 6oJibinHiiHniarain(, RaR'B 6yAT0 noAroH^eMuft 
oprieft (3jiecTflii](HrB raJunoitHHaAifi. Eny RasajiocB, hto ohi ne- 
peiiiHHJTB T^Jio H Ayniy. 3ojioT£ia BpaTa 6yAyn^aro BHOsanHo 
OTRpHjnacB nepoAB hhitb, h no ly cTopony ohb bha'^jtb cnjiomHoe 
ciflflle. Macca oROJiaHit, ao t^xi nopi euy neHSB'IcTHuxx, csre- 
lUJiH ero. Owb AynaJTB o npeRpacnoft HxooiOAHOfl ICiojih. ^to eft 
Hy^Ho? MyacB, ^eoioBiRi AOCTofintift ea, ROTopHfl 6h eft ynpo- 
HHJTB, Bsaiftei aaRpacoTU h aojiOTa, cJiaBy, B0Jime6Hiift opeoJTB, 
BBBicTHoe HMfl? UoHBuj 6u Buy HO ciaiB dTHicB HysceHi?. KOHeHHO 
OHa AOJi:KHa Gujua npesHpaxB bbcb ^totb RjiaHi* mojioabixi jiioAeft, 
xopomeHBRHxi, HanouaseHHUXi, nycTUX'B; ROTOpue BepThsHCB 
OROJio Hea, MOJi^aJiHBBie BJin Haxajo^Hue, Hecnoco6Hue en Tpo- 
HyTB, sacTaBHTB saApoxaTB CTpynti ea AyniH. Owb qyBCTBOBSJi'B 
ce6a Bume hx'b! Ona TaRxe AOJi^cna Gujia bto no^yBCTBOBaTB. 
Eh BsrjiHAB, HSAajiH, RasaoiCH TaRHHi snainTeJiBHKCirB n xaRHM'B 

HOHHTHUM'B. 5026 MOft! HBy^eJIH 9T0 BOBMOSCHO? 9X0 HpeAaxejIB- 

CTBO? Ho ecjiH, A^ftcTBHTejiBHOy HacTyHHrB peciaBpaiiiia, ecjiH ohh 

OnaTB BOSBOAyTB Ha ipOHl ROpOJIH, pa3B% He06X0AHM0, HT06bI OHIi, 

OjiHBBe, TOJiBRO HOTOMy, WO HHBeTi Bi Biy BHoxy, 6HjrB ocyx- 
AeHB Ha 6e3HaAe^HyK) HH^eiy h neHSBicTHOCTB? PasB'i ohi ne 
HoserB ocTaiBCH qejroBiROM'B Ao6pa h nporpeccana cjiyac6i ro- 
poJix)? BfiTTB Hoserb ero jRAyrB nonecTH. IlapTiH ne 6oraTa yimuHH 
H HecHacTHUMH 6i&AHHRaMH, xejiaiontHMH ycnixa« Aa SApaB- 

CTByerB ROpOJIBi rOBOpHJTB OHB CeS'i CB HpOHieft... ^K)JIH, BBJIH- 

^ecTBeHHan n npeRpacHaa, h ohb, coeAHHeHHBie bi GyAy^eMi, 
Horyn].ecTBeHHEie, ORpyacennHe jiBCTeAaMH, Aepacanpe b'b CBoeft 

BJiaCTH BBCB Mlp'B... 

Ero JiBxopaAOHHoe oKHBJieHie HCieajio, RaR'B tojibro ohi oiy- 
THJiCH nepoAB ABepaMH CBoero AOMa. Oht* bchomhhji'b, ito oAnasA^Bi 

BO'lBK) OHIi BepHyJICH BbTaROlTB JKO B036yXAeHiH,HaRaHyH%CB06r0 

noctnieHifl Bappo. 

JIoAHHoft xojiOA'B oxBaTHJii ero njie^H. Stotb ysRift RoppHAopi 



230 PyCCKOB BOrATGTBO. 

BQjib 8*1 ero Cijpijio ROMHaiy, bi ROTopoft owb tbk'b MHoro crpa- 
AajTb... Tenepb owb Bosapan^aJiCfl bi» nee peiieraToirb. 

Owb npomeji^b na qanoHRaxi, Ces'B mjMy BJioacEJH kjiiotb b'b 
saHOKi. Mucjib, HTO FoHopHHa ycjfumsLTb h nosoBen, yaca- 
caaa ero. 

Ohi> nocirlinHo Jierb bi leicHOTi. 

Sacuoafl, ohx noBxopaji'B ce6i^: «HeyaRejH a onflTB o6)faHyjicfl? 
HeyscejiH h pe6eH0Ki, Koxoparo saHHMaron h oOKaHfiiaaiorB boji- 
me^HUH CKa3KH?> 

(IIpodoAoiceHie OMbdyemi). 



OB'BflBJIEBIH. 

OTKPHTA XpeXM'ibCHIHaH UOjijmCEk 

CB 1-ro Anpija no 30-8 Idm 

HA H3J^AK)I^IECa BE3l> IIPEJI;BAPHTEJII>H0H njlHSYPLI 

SSEM^OflHHHft JRyPHAJH 

M rasery . ^^HeAt^bHafl XpoHHKa BocxoAa^^ 

IjiHa ci flocTaBKOft H nepeo, ara TPH Micaija— TPH py6. 

nojKaHOUBaK)iiiiecfl Ha roA't ci> 1 AHBapa nJiaTarB 10 p. h 11017 • 
qann sypHajti h raaery oti 1-ro J*. 

Bi BumeAniHi'B qoTupexi Rflflrax'B sa flHBapB, ^espajb, naprB 
H anpijB, MesAJ npo^HMB, noMlmeHO: 

L „roeoiiJi". TpaiexiA bi 6-th x^ftcTBiflX's, W. PacHHa. IlepeB. bb cth- 
xaxB. 0. H. HioMNHoR.— U. „0 H^KOTopHX'b Hy^xax'b eBp. HaceieHifl b% Poc- 
ciu. Jli-pa C. H. rpy^eH^epra— 111. HcTopHHecKie o^epKH sapaHHCTBa. Hsb 
dTMOBB espeilcKHX'B ceBTaxi. A. H. rapKaaii.— IV. „ypiejB ABOcra^. Hcto- 
puHecsafl xapaBTepHCTHsa, H. SaHrsHixA. (Ci aHmflcKarp). C. /I. ♦eAopo- 
BM4V— V. „liBcimjTb pHTjaiBHoft HHCTOTii y ;^peBflHXB eBpeeBB". Kb hcto- 
piH pasBHTla ycTHaro y^enifi. J(-pa jl. G. KaueHejibCoHa.— VI. nBircTBO*'. Pa?* 
CKasB. 6eHvAMN.— VII. ^EBpeH bb AnrjiH bb nociiAHie TpH BiBa**. M. N. Ky- 
jiMuiepa.— Vm. „Xefl6apcidH rat**^, Hsb xpoHUKH IX B'bKa. IIoaHa bb cth- 
xaxi. B. Jle6eAeBa.-~X. ^Hsb nyTeBuxB Bne^aTjrbHifl B'b ^epirb Oci^^uiocTn". 
BcTp^qH, icapruHKH, paaroBOpu. /I. E. 06ojieHCKaro.— XL nsB ^UepenHCKlt 
o6b yna;(B:k eBpedcTBa**. IlHCBMa Maiica HopAay h P. M. CeneNiMOBCKaro.— xn. 
^HiHB 6u He BB X'^BKax'b''. UoBtcTB. M. PMBecMaNa.— XUI. ^XaxB-rajufl^. 
IIcHxoJorH^ecKifi dTK)AB. H. 3aHrBHXiJi. (Cb aHrjiificKaro). C. il. ♦eAopoBHsi.-— 
XIV. ^Ha-B MOifx-B BocnoMHHaHiH**. M. r. MopryjiMca.— XV. „BepjrHHCKoe eBpeft- 
CKoe o6ii^ecTBO bb XVI CTOJiTiH". Epo^, il. rearepa.— XVII. ^reHepajCBma". 
PascsasB ;(OKTopa H. npywaHCKaro.— XVIII. ^le&iB. IIoBicTB h3b shshu Hbd- 
lopscKaro reTTO. A. Earana. (C'b aHrJiidcj&aro). M. E. Py6NH0Ba.— XIX. „06'h- 
TOBaHHafl seiufl^. E.fl. XHCNHa.— XX.„IyAeficKiii ApeBHocTu''.C0?.$jiaBiii IocH<))a. 
HepeaoAB cb rpe^iecBaro r. r. TeHHejifl.— XXI. „CTHX0TB0peHia:" C. r. ^pyra, 
0. H. SyMHHoA, 8. Jle((eA®Ba, X. 3iiHrepa a il. 84)4)6.— X All. „CoBpe)ieHHai£ 
I'^TOHHCB**: — XXIII. JIl'bjiTejBHocTB ^I^eHtpaiBHaro coK)8a'' repHaHCKHXB 
rpasAaHB iyieftcBaro HcnoBiAaniH. Ajib4>oHca JleBN.— XXIV. ^JlixHiA mKOJB- 
B£Ifl BOXOHiH''. M. C— p-b.— XXV. nKoiOHHsaiuoHfioe XBHseHie pyccBUXB eB- 
peeBB B'B naiecTHHy h AprenTHny''. A. M. BepiieHreiiMa. XXVI. „CeHaTCRafl 
npasTHBa*' no BonpocaiiB 06% oTBiTCTBeHHOCTH paBBHHOBB, uenoBB eBpefi- 
CKHxi AyxoBHHXB npaBjeHifl'H 6osHH<iBHXB xo3opoBB 8a npecTyojeHui no 

;^OJSHOCTIf. M. M.— XXVII. „no HOBOXy nieCTHXeCflTHliTla CO AHH KOa^HHU 

A. C. nyniKHHa". C. M. CTaHNc;iaBCKaro.— XXVIII. r.-^HTepaTypHafl ji^to- 
hhcb: BOBufi sypaajiB na xpeBHe-eBpedcBOMB usuBi**. (^ramnioaxB*'). C. r. 
fMHs^ypra.— XXIX. ^JlHTepaTypHUfl nncBHa 1. ^HflmaHa*'. C. f— -b*— XXX. 
n. CMoaeHcaiit. C. M. rwHsdypra. — XXXi. ^bepne h JlaccaiB**. C. V.— 
XXXII. „KpnTH?ecKie Ha6pocKH". A." TopaHa.— aXXIII. „En6jiorpa(|>iA*'. 
c. r. H 8r. KauHBjibcoHa.— XXXIV. n3a uponumit roAB". Jl. 3. ^ 

II,iHa Ha roAB xypnaaa ^BOCXOA'b*' h raseiu „HEAMbH0M XPOHHKM BOC- 
XOAA"* 10 p., Ha nojiroAa 6 p., Ha 3 who- 3 p. 3a-rpaHHited Ha toab 12 p., 
ua HOJiroAa 7 p. Pascpovsa noAUHcnoft niaTu AonycKaeTcx toxbko jsaa ihab, 
noAHHCHBaKon^Hxca cb 1-ro AHBapx na roxB, Ha CA']bAyH)niHXB ycioBiflXB: 
upH noxnucK'b 4 p., &b 1 Mapxa 3 p. h kb 1 Ikxul 3 p. 

noAHHCBa npHHHuaeTCA BB rxaBHOH KOHTopi peAaxiUH, C.-IIeTep6yprB, 
TeaTpaiBHax n.ioniaAB 2 h bo bc^xb shhshhxb narasHHaxB. 

HoBbie noAHNCMMKN, sejiaiomie noiy^UTB nepBue 15 jihctobi „IyAeficRHXB 
jIlpeBHocrefi'* L ^jiaBU/ 6jiaroBoiATB npH&iaTb en^e 1 p. 

PexaBTopi-HSAaTeJiB A. E. ilaHAay. 



OBlflBlEHIfl. 



ampjionEKHHECKiH cjiobapl 

(Ea^aiBiit w^. Z. E. AHSFEEBCKHMI) 
noii'L PEiiAKmEft 

n«n» APCEBdBBA h saciyseHHaro npo^ccopt 6161 liET P) ulEBlinArO 
npH y^acTlH peAaKTopoB'B OTA'bJiOBnb: 

npo^^. A. H. BeKeroB'b (6ioJiorHV. Haysii), G. A. BeHrepoBi (HCTopia loraepa- 
vyps), IIpo$. A. H. BoeftKOBi (FeorpwjjiiA), IIpo(|». H. H. Ka^Bi (HOitipU), 
A. SL CoMOBi (ksio^h. HCByccTBa), Ilpof. X^ H. MeaxeiritoB% (xHicnEO-TexHHV. 
K 4^a6ps^HO-8aBOA.)i IIpo^). B. T. Co^HiieBCKifl ^ (cejibCBO-zouiftcTBeHHfiift ■ 
aiibcoBOAOTBo), BiaAHMip% GojiOB&eBi (4E>HJEOco4)iA')j npo4>. H. 6. CoAOBbeBl 

(MyauBS). 

BHPHKJIoneffEraeOKlft onOBapB bhzoxhti Kasxue xsa irbcffqt 
noiyroicaMH, bi 30 ahct. yCopacToft nevaTH. Bi naoTOflii^ee Bpeiifl budukh 
^ noiyTOM0B%. Bcero noxyroMOBi npeAnosaFaerca ao nflTNAec0Tii. DjibHa sa Kas- 
AUt noJiyTom* (b% nepeiueTb) 8 py6., sa AOcraBKy 40 son. Bi UocKBt ■ aP7- 
FHn yHuepcETeTciuirb popoAuni sa AocrasRy He miaTflrb. 

CUlOBapB o6H]DiaeTi> co6o» cB^iBla no Bdbm OTpaomuTB Haysi, bo- 
sycoTB'b, jUETepaTypu, HcxoplH, npoMunaeHHOCTi h opmuaAHHZi sBa^. 

TeKCTi noM^n^aemix'b bi ciOBapt craieft cocraBiEseTcx caMOCToaTesBHo 
pyccxmiH yqeHUMH h cnei^iancTaicH, npH^em Bce KacaiaiD;deca PoccIh o6pa5a- 
mBaerca HaH6ojrito nosao h Tii^aTeii>HO. 

SaRBAOHifl noAHMCHt npNHNnaiOTCR: vb KOHTop^ »yp- 
najia tPyecKoe BoraiOTBO* — neTep6yprL, EacceHuoji yji., 
d. 10. 

iionycKAETCfl PA3CP0HKA SHoS5ki;sr^.:^^^^^^^^ 

Doort vero BUAaH>Tcs HMtion^ieca aa-jiHiio nosyroMu; ocTaJcunui cyiofa AOAra 
BumavraaeTca eaeM^bcavraniH BSHOcaMH otti veiupezi py6jieft. 

HsAATeu: <b, A. BpoBrayai (Jleftsi^KrE), JI. A. E4>poBi» (C.-IIeT6p6ypn). 



HOBAa KHHrA: 

A. O. HOBOABOPCKATO 

(OcHnoBHHa). 

3nH30A'i» H3i SU3HII Bu naBu HH BopoHEi. XL KapBcpa. in. TeTymjca. IV. Cy 
BCEHpi. y. PoMan-L. yi. Me^ixaxeiif. yil. HcTopin. yill. HaicaHyni jhkbu- 

Ittaa 1 p. 50 Kon., ci nepecHJKofl 1 p. 70 k. 

nonnHC^HKH cPyccKaro BoraxcTBa^, oepamawmie- 

Cfl Bt lleT^pSyprcKyH) h.ih MocKoucKyio KOHTopy aKypHaia, 8a ne- 

pecMJiKy He niraTHTTb. 

JiaAaxejiH: Bjl. KopoJieHKO. FeAaRTopu: n. Emkobi>. 

H. K. MHxafijiOBOKl&. C. IlonoBi>. 



XjrfedHHfl LffeHH H HapOjmoe X03flfi[eTB0. 

(OKOHHOHie), 



Bonpoei o SHE^eHiH zjA6Eha% Ji^kwh nu, KpectuiHOsaro xosaftoTBa 
speAoraBJifleTCfl 6oxbe BSSHiiirb, qin lorb se Bonpooi wb npHMiHe- 
bId Kii xo8fllicTB7 noMimiueMy. KpeoTBJiHCSoe seiueBJiaAiHie h ao 
cBoeMj npocTpEHCTBy, H no ^Hcjiy ihivb, saHHrepeooBaHHux'b bi* Hem, 
njueroa 7 Haci 6ojAq xpynHHirL ^asropoirb sKOHOMH^ecKoft shshh 
oipaEU, nin'b ^acTHoe seMJteBJiaA'bHie, KOTopoirb Han npHxoxHjrooB 
roBopHTB Bi nepBOfi CTaTBi. DodToify BHaoHenie Bonpooa bjuhhIh 
HHBKHXii zjMvux'b i^'B Ha specTbflHCKoe xo3iittcTBo npeAOiaBiflen 
eaAa^y nepBooreneHHoft BasHocTH: owb saoaercii HaoejieHiHi npeBH- 
manmaro 60 mhjue. hoiobIki h saHSTepecoBaHHaro bi o6pa6oTKi oiHin- 

XOM'B 130 MIU. AeC. 861UH. 

HcxoAHOft TOTCot AU pasptmeHiH jKasaHHoi aaAan ao^sho ojrjr- 
SHTB ocHOBHoe Hoioseiie xapaKTepHsx'B ocoOeHHOcnix'B sen- 
leA^B^ecRaro npoiracjn. Bo BpoMH npesifi, npoHCXoAHBiHHX'b vb 
BonHouii dKOHOMH^eosoirb 06ii(6CTBi no Bonpocy hhrrhxi iiiHax'B, 

np0$. HynpOBl OTHteEJI'B 8TH OCOGeHHOOTH O^OHb yAa^HHMH npHMi- 

paMH. cHeJiOBiRi, npoH8BOAan](ift rpodii, CKasan ohb, HysAaerca vb 
OBoen npo^yKTi tojuro oahhi pa3i> bi sh3hii, eanosHnsi hbhochtb 
He fioiBme AByx'B napi oanon* hsi hIorojibrhx'b aochtkobx napi, so- 
TopBH OB*i> cnoco6eHi npHroTOBHTB Bi* TenoHie roAa; seiueA^ei^ 
xe AOAseHi ynerpefiHTB BMicrb cb cenLet 6oAte noxoBHBUToro xjrl6a, 

KOTOpUfi OVb npOHBBOAHrB CBOHlTb IH^HUHl TpyAOirB». HOXOAH Vb 
CBOHX'B CySAOHiflXl H81 8T0r0 KOpeHHOrO OBOfiCTBa BOtfjieAln^e- 

ORaro npoMHCJia, hh onnpaeMoa na nojioaceHle, ROTopoe xoxerb 
c^HTaTLCfl fiescnopHHiTB; ero npBSHaeTL ho toaro npo^^. ?yn- 
poBii, ho h npo$. HoaoBi, Roropiii, opaBHHBaH o6pa6oTUBax>- 
jnjD npoMnnueHHocTB cb ceiBORHirB xoaafioTBovi, OJ[iAyx)n^[]rB 06- 
pasoMi onpeA^JUieTB oco6eHHooTB seiureA'i^ia: «KaKB a^gko oho hh 
ymxo Bi CTpanax'B HaH6ojiiie iqiBHiHSOBaHHHXis roBopnrB r.HcaeBib, 
uoAHy samiTsie bi» ceiBCROM*^ xossftcTBi, 6ih3R0 ctohtl r'b oBonrB 
BasHifimHMi noTpefiHOOTHHi: ho toibro Monift, ho h Rpynnut se- 
MJieBJiaAiiei^'B ne^erB xji16'b hbi* cBoeft nmeHHitii, BapsTB oyni hbi 
OBoero Hflca, hbotb OBoe hojioro. BaxHifimaa qacTB noTpeSHOoreft, 

M 4. On^n IL 1 



2 pyCGKOB BOrATGTBO. 

cooraBJiflsn^afl j^ui i^uxi uaccoB'B 6096— noTpefiHOCiH bi nnmi — 

YAOBJieTBOpflnTCII ZeUJieBJa^^ShTSfiWb BHA BOIIKOtt OBASE Cl pUHSOlTB. 

IIpio6iipQrB CK)Aa noTpe6HOCTB bt» snjiHn(&, Koropaa norjioDOiaerb 
15—20% pacxoAOB'b, h mh no;[7^nirB 75—80% noTpe6HOCTei, Hesa- 

BHCHMUX'B 0TB pKHSa>. '*') 

Hai STofi xapaBTepHCTKRH cejacKO-xoaaficTBeHHaro npomicjn cii- 
AjeTB (Tb HeH36isHoft Heo6xoffHMOCTBi), "ITO MeiKoe aeuesxaAiMef 
Aai>mee bobmoxhootb nponsBOAHTB jihiiib Tasoe sonnecTBo xjri^6a, ko- 
Topoe lysHo jifs. jAOBJierBopeHifl noTpe6HocTet seiueffbjnjia h ero 
ceKLH, flBJUtercfl xoaaicTBoinb HaiypaiBEHM'B, npoHSBoxan^HirB He 
Aifl npoAasH, a ajta coOcTBeHHaro noTpetSieHifl, cjriMoB. HesaBHOsDOiHirb 
OTB pHHKa HH B'B cMuort npoAasH, HH wb cMHCi% noRynRz xift6a. 
Ecjra xe xosfificTBO hbctojibeo moiko, tto oho ho AOoraBJuieTB Toro 
sonqecTBa HHn^, ROTopoe TpedyeiGH seiueA^^i^eirB, to TaRoe xosHft- 
CTBO HMieTB Hys^T Bi noRyiiHOiirB xjiifii h bx brjsj btofo saHHxepe- 
cOBano wb towb^ ttoOh juACt^ 6ujub AemoBi, a ho ;toporb. 9to — ^lorn- 
HecRifi BHBOA'B h3% npHB6A6HHaro BHme HOJioaReHifl npo({)eooopoBx 
HynpoBa h HcaeBa o6t> oooiSeHHocTHX'B zeuiejs/bjosi. Ecra npHSHaiB h8- 
aoseHHyD Bume xapaRTepHCTH&y, to saRiD^enie o pasjiH^HoirB or- 
HOHieHiH R*b puHRy RpyoHaro h Monaro BeiueBJiiMctHiH He Moseri 
611TB oonapHBaoMo. Cano cofioft pasyHieTCH, hto sto daRju^ieHie hhoto- 
TeopeTH^ecRoe. HacKoiBRO oho ocyn^ecrBJuieTCfl npaRTH^ecRH, h RaROe 
npaRTHqecRoe SHaneme oho HMterB — bto mu ysHAHirB hhso. A noRa 
pascMOTpninb cb btoS TeopeTH?ecRoft to^rh spiHui oTHomeme RpecTB- 
HHCRaro soMjieBJiaA'bHifl ri piiHRy. 

Mk HaxoAHn» B'B ciaTBi JL. H. Mapeooa cUpoHSBOACTBO h no- 
rpe63ieme xjilOa B'B napOAHOVB X03flftcTBi> (Biinnie yposaeB'B h xiM- 

HHXXI^ffB, T. I) padC^BTB QOTpofiHarO ^eiOB^Ry MHHHMaJIBHarO VXh 

jiHqecTBa pacTHTejiBHiixi npo^yRTOBi. Ha ocHOBaHiH ^HsioxorHqecRHxi 

JiaHHUX'B DTO MHHHMaiBHOe ROIH^OGTBO OHpe^C^^l^ npHfijTHBHTeJIBHO 

B'B 18 nyAOB'B B'B ro;(B. Hto aia Hopua He npeyBeiH^ena^ hosho aa- 
BmqHTB E3'B Toro, TTO vb roJio;^HHfi roA'B naoR'B na qeionbRa 
Chjtb onpeffkneffiB vb 13 ny^.; eTO 0BH;^:6TeJiBCTByeTB caMuirB 

RpaCHOI^HHBSirB 06pa30n», tto npH HOpMaJEBHHX'B yCJIOBiHXl HBJEO- 

B-bRy HyacHO GoiBine btofo HHHHMyMa pacTHreiBHoft hhii^. 

KpOMi npOAOBOJIBCTBifl Heo6xOAHMO npBHHTB TaRSe BO BHHMaHie 

H RopMi cRora H HTEi^u. Ha ooHOBanlH HScii^AOBaBifi^ npoHSBOAeH- 
SHX-B B'B HicROiBRHX'B yisAaxi* pasHHX'B rytSepHift, r. Hapecci onpe- 
js^erb ROjra^ecTBo Ropua, HCoSxoj^Hiiaro cpoAHeiiy RpecTBflHCROHy 
xosflflcTBy, vb 45 u., HiH npH6jiHBHTejiBHo — 77i ^y;^. na fliymy. 
diy ]^H$py TaRace hojibsh npHsnaTB qpesHipHoft,. een hphhhtb 

BO BHHMaHie, TTO CTaTHCTH^OCRiH HSCXiAOBaHiH, npOHSBe^eHHEIfl Vb 

neTep6yprcR0ft h BopoHeaccRoft ryOepHiflXB, a&u fioJi'i^e BHOoRia 



*) A. A. HcaeBT^: Fa^ JiesarB rJiaBHEiH npn^nHH xoajBftcTBeHHHX'b spn* 
BHcoB'B? (cB^cTHHsii EBponii>, Hod6pB, 1888). 



-KIXBWUL H'hBSL H HAPOAHOE X03flftCTB0. 3 

sopMH. IIpH6aB28a HE QoxoA> 1 njffB* F. Mapec(rb npnxoAim r'b sesixh 
n&BWy mo jsflo. jAOBJieTBopeHis noTpe6HooTefi oexBcsaro HaoeieHifl bi^ 
^epa'b wb roAi ipeGyDToa oii^A7»n(ui RoiH^oTBa: jiflB. npoAOBOuoTBia 
19 s.| oqiiTaa Ha Kpaj^ h au Kopxa oKoxa h niHitii 45 s., oHHTaa 
^a OAHO zoBflficTBo, HiH npH6ju8HTejn^o 7*/, n. na jijmj^ a Boero 
267i njAOB^ Ha symy. 

%T0 ace AOKasHBaerb npHBexeHHufl paso^er^? Ohi onpeAiuerb 

TOJIBKO TOVb MHHHH;M'B paCTHTOaHOft HHII^H, KOTOpUft HyS6Hl> pyO- 

osoMy BpecTBHHHHy jifis. Toro, ^to6h 6HTb cEmziTB caMOHy H npo- 

KOpMHTB OBOt CKOTB H HTll^y. nOCMOTpHMl, XOXeTB JIH BOIUH, Xa- 

xoAflnv&flca vb ooOcTBeHHocxH h vb ncKibsOBaHlH KpeoTBflHOKaro na- 
ceieBifl, AOOiaBHTB noojAAHeicy ysasaHHOe XEHHHajiiBHoe kojie^6Ctbo 
/paornrejiBHofi nHmi? 

Ha ooHOBaHiH npHBeAeHnHXi BHme npoAOBOucTBeHEHXi h xop- 
xoBUxi Hopn MOSHO pasc^HTaTB, KaKoe KOJia^eoTBO xii6a Tpe- 
6yeT0H KpeoTBflHCKOMy aacejieHiD, HHCJieHHOCTii RoToparo nSBioTHa. 
Taxi>, Hanp., KpecrBflsoKoe HacejiOHie MocKOBORoft ry6epHiH oooraKiHjio 
Ri 1 HHBapa 1892 r.— 1.174.516 Ajnrb o6oero nojia (208,100 abo« 
poBi BT. 1890 r.). EojiH CTOtaiB no 19 ny^. Ha Aymy JipoAOBoat- 
ciBeHflaro xA'&6a h no TV, nyA- RopMOBoro, to ho Tpy^ao BHCHHraT^ 
^TO RpecTBHHani MocROBORoft ry6epHiH HysHo b'b tojij> ji^lb, npoAO- 
BOJiBOTBifl 22»325 TUCflii HyAOBi h flfii npoRopna CROTa 9,364 tbi- 
CHU nyAOBii, Bcero 31,689 thc. nyA. IIpH noHon^a taRoro pao^eta 
onpeA^LiaeTCH, mo no Boiwb 50 ry6. Espoa. Poccis aju npoAOBOib- 
-OTBiii RpeoTLancRaro HaceseHis HysHo 1.285,622 tuc. nyAOBi bi 
roAi, jSflSL Ropxa CRoxa h nxHi^ti— 476,550 tuc. nyAOB-B. 

CuraeM'b HysnuifB noBTopHib 3AtoB, hto RaRi npoAOBOJiBCTBOH- 
Haa H RopMOBaa aopMH, laRi a npaBeAeaaue arorn aaliorb 
HCRjisuTeJiBao Teopera^eoRoe saa^eaie — oaa noRa3UBaK>rb toxbro 
noTp66aocTB bi> nnni^t a Ropxi, ao ae A'^ficrBBTe^BBoe noTpeSjiesie. 
cHoxoAa asi a&^^hx'b ^asioxoria a onuia, xh xosexi oTBtTaiL Ha 
Bonpoci — CROURO aysao xxifia pycoROxy RpecTBaaaay au Toro, 
^to6h oa^ tbijrb curb a xon npoRopaaxB oaoft orotb a nrai^y. 
OtbItb, ROTopuft fifi^eTb npaaoAeaaiifi Bume pasc^ieTB, otbdab ae 
AORasuBaeTBy tto RpecTBaaaai A'J^&CTBBTexBao ciiAaerB ctoxbro, 
eROXBRO oa^ Aoxsenb oi^AaxB, ?to6u ae shtb anporoxoAB. » 

Ho RaRoe xoryrB axtTB saa^eaie noAo6aue TeopeTanecRie pas-^ 
^leru? CKasyTL aax'B: aasao saaxB, croxbro cxiA^erb RpecTBaaaai, 
a ae to, crojibro exy nysao xxi6a. Mu noiaraex'B, ^ito aasao saaxB 
a TO, a APyi^Oj noTOxy ?to ae saaa, croxbro xxi6a ayxao RpecTB- 
aaaay, xu ae xosexi saaTB, cutb xa obt» axa roxoAeai. Ji,JUi Toro, 
mo6hi BiiflCEHTB 8T0TB BoupocB, aysBO HpesAO Booro onpeA^JiaTB^ 
KoxerB xa aaQ.ixBaaa sexjia AOOTaaaTB apecTBaacRoxy aaceJieaiD 
noTpe6aoe exy ROJca^ecTBO naa^a a Ropxa. 

Bb eseroAauxii oOsopaxi yposaoBB, nyOxaayexiixi H^eH- 
TpajiBauxB CTaTacTB^ecRaxB KoxaTexoxi*, At^^Tca i^a^pii Biiciaa 

I* 



4 P70CK0X BOFATCTBO. 

X oGopa XMi6ovh. T. Hapecci BOcnojEBSOBaioic bthmh aahhuhh jifi» 
onpexiiesiflr rtxi Eon^ecTBi aepxa (sa BsneroirB ciMflFb), KOTopiut 
o6HKHOBe]iHO nojiyHaDTCJi n Haxinnai seKOib. PeayiBTaTOirb 
BToft pa6oTU flBEiacB Tafiin^a CJiiAyvn^^ro coxepxaHiii. ^s xa^^tofr 
ry6epHiH onpeAiieno bi THoa^axi nyxoBi soJoraecTBo psE, nponrb 
apoBBixi xii6oBx, Bapio^eifl zoBda, BBcpexHein (1883 — 1892 it.) 
eseroAHO oo6HpaeMuxi, sa Bu^eroitB dkuswby Ha speoTBaHcuxB 
xax^Hiin BOMiflXB. SarbirB Bci ui6a nepeBeACHH Ha poxb, h 
onpex^i^eHO o6iiiee xon^eoiBO zjrt6a, co6HpaeMaro oi KpedTBHHORHXB 
HaAiiBHiix'b soMeiB, Bi Kai^oft rjtfepKiH. Tan naap. wb Mockob- 
oRoft rytfepniH opeAHifi eseroxHufi c6opi BHOHEiaHi wh THosiax^ 
nyAOB'B: psH— 8,090, npo^HTb hpobutl ui60Bi — 1,033, Kapro- 
$eu — 8,756, OBoa — 3,713. Bee 8to npH nepeBOffi na poxb cocraB- 
xaon 13,795 tug. njjs,. Ecn conooraBHTb »tj B[h$p7 cb Komqe- 

CTBOITL XJI%6a, BOTOpOe TpedjeTGfl Vb rOAl A'H npOAOBOIBCTBlH Kpe- 

mhsacb MooKOBOKofi r76epHiH h yAOBJieTBopeHiH nvb noTp66HOCTH vh 
xopHi, TO oKaxercH BpynHHfi HeAonen: Tpe6yeTGi[ 31,689 luo. ny^., a. 
oofiHpaerofl cb HaA^BHUTL sexeiB Bcero 13,795 tsc. ny^. £oyiH 
npoHSBecTH TaBOft pa3c?eTi no BciirB rydepniflirb, to OKaseTca, ^ro 
cHig^iiBHHH BOMIH vb HaeT0fln(ee BpoMH Bi rpoHaAHOiTb 6ojamHH-^ 
OTBi oxy^aoBi* ne noRpuBanTB jsfixe toibbo npoAOBoiBOTBeBHiirB 
noTpeSsocreft KpecrbflHcsaro HaoexeH]fl>. 

Boxie A^TaxBHO btotti bkboai Bupaxaercfl vb cjAjsjtiinjni'b jsfiMr 
vsTb. B'b o6jiacTB Boftcxa JtoHORoro h vb ryfiepHiaxi— TaspH^ecKoi 
K OpeHfiyprcKofi Ht^tAHUfl aeiuE odesnenHBaiorB cbohx'b Bxa^ixB- 

I^OBB H npOAOBOXBCTBeflHUMH, H KOpMOBilMH CpeAOTBaMH H AaSO J[fiJDTb. 

BiROTOpse H86iiTRx; B'B Beooapa6oRoft, ERaTepHHOciaBCROtt, Boxuh- 
ORoft, TairfSoBCRofi H KypxiTHAOROfi ry6. y HacexeHiA xBaTaera sepna,, 
BBRfL AJifl npomrraHlH, tbri OT^acTH h js^mb RopMa CROxa; vb Bopo- 
xescROft H BflTCRot — sepna XBaiaerB toxbro js^e npoQHTaHiii, sa, 
RopiTB S6 HRHero HO ooTaexofl. Bi ocTaiBHHXi 40 ryCepxiMxi xxi6a,. 
cofiBpaeMaro orb HaAtxBEDux'b seiiexB, HeAOOTaTO^HO au tofo, qTo6H 
RpecTBflHCRoe BaoexoHie Morxo noxyqaiB cRpovHyx) npoAOBOXBOTBOH* 
xyx> Hopiiy B'B 18 nyA. Ha Aymy: vb 2 ry6epHiax'B jifiiffvuwirb npe- 
BBrmaeTB 10 mhxx. nyA., bb 19 ry6. ohi cocTaBXflerb otb 5 ao* 
10 MHix. nyA., bi 12 ry6.— otb 3 ao 5 hhxx. nyA., a bx 7 ry6. — 
MOHte 3 MHXX. n. Otcdab r. Mapecoib f/bz^erb ooBepmeHHo Bipniift 

BHBOAIiy HTO FB fiOXBrnHHCTBi OXynaOBl HaAilBHUfl SOMXH 0Ra3UBaDT- 

Ofl Hecnooo6HUXH npoRapKXHBaTB cHAflH^ee na hhxi HacexeHie, Aaoo* 
Vb cMHcxi AOCTaBxeniH opeACTBi, Heo6xoAHMUxi> au yAOBxeiBope- 
Hifl TOXBRO Haoyn^HHrB ^HSioxofE^eoRHxi noTpefiHocTeft. 

Gx^AOBaTexBHO, eoxH 6u a^so paonpeA&xeHie sevxH MOSAy RpecTB- 
HXORHKH xo8flflcTBaMH BHOxffb oorxaooBaiocB OB HyvAftVH nocxixHHX'B, 
T. e. BHoxHt oTBiqaxo 6s Tpe6oBaHlflirB cnpaBOAXEBOOTH, to boo^ 
TaxH npHmxoGB 6u npHSHatB, ?to y RpeoiBSHB bb HaoTOfln^oe BpeMfi 
exHrnROHB Maxo sexxn rm Toro, qrotSu ohh mofxh, o6pa6oTUBaa 



UMHHIC I^^HU H HAPOAHOB XOSflfiCTBO. 5- 

*TOj[&KO CBOH sa^iiH, cyn^ecTBOBaTb He roxoAaa. OrcioAa eotecTBeH- 
Hoe erpevjieHie Kpecuhswb npHKyaaiB h npiapeHAOBiiBETB Beuuo^ 

TAft H OKOJILKO M08H0. J[l)6oiIHTHO SHaTb, HaCKOIBRO Kjaiifl H ap6HJl(- 
"HHJI 86IUH BHAOHSHiHflDTL CAiiaHHHt BUmO BUBOJB OTHOCHTeiLHO 

npoAOBoiBCTBeHHaro h RopifOBoro ofiesne^eHia KfQCHhsarb. 

Ki cosaiiHin, Ha 8totl Bonpooi Moxen 6htb js,VkWb toxbko Hpn- 
^SnsHTenHHft h Henojrauft OTBtn. CaMoe BasHoe BHa^eme HirfciDTb, 

XDHeHHOy apeHAHlIH 86MIH. Ho < eAHHCTBdHEKOTl HCTO^nHKOlTB ICaO- 
COBHXl CBiAiHift HHXl OipBHTB, KaR'B HBBtOTHO, 060XiA0BaHi6, BU- 

HOiHeHHoe I^eHTpaiLHiurB CTaTHCTH^ecKHHi KoHHTeroifB Bi 1881 r.»; 
HGBLjj^j TiiTL, no cioBaiTB caMoro aBTopa CTaTKH, KOTopot MBi ro- 
BopniTB, ccni^j^Hiii sth, no cnpaBeAXHBooTH, cmaDTCH h yoraptJimui 
fl HOAOCTaTOHHo nojHin[H». B% HaoTOflH^en cjiyqai, OAnaso, hhto- 
fecHo 6£U[0 BUflCHHTB BHa^eHle apoHAHZiXL aeiceja, toako sasi ^OH^a 
AiH noRpuTifl npoAOBOABCTBeHHHX'b HjSA'B KpeoT&HHCsaro HacejieHiH; 
luriAOB. Bonpoci saBJUo^aios fb onpeA^eHiH pon, ROTopyn Hrpaen 
apeHAa naxaTHHXB soMeiB vb pasjra^HHxi jrlcTHOOTfln h paftonax'B. ^ 

BTOft OrpaHH^OHHOfi H^ME OSaSaiOOB BOBMOSHUITB BOCHOJIBBOBaTLOa A^H- 

HiiMH U^eHTpaiBHajo CTaxHCTH^ecRaro KoMHieTa, noTOMy tto, ho hbcaI- 
AOBaHiD npo$. KapumeBa, cpasiiinieHie hqioci h paiOHOBino AaHHHirb 
KoMHieTa ooraeiofl TaxHui se, RasHirB oho HOJiy^HjrocB no AaHHsirb sen- 
ORot OTaTHCTHRH». OcTaHOBHMGH HioRoiLRo noApo6Hie Ha BTOmb BO. 
npooi H npHBeAem eb'b rhhfh npo$. RapHineBa aoboau vb nojoaj 

HBIOSOHHarO MHtHifl. 

no cioBaM'B 8Toro HBCjrfcAOBaTaiH, AaHHUH^ H^enrp. CiaT. Ko- 
mrreTa HacroARo oonnaAaDTB crb seHCRHifH, tto «AaaKe nopflAORi^, b^ 
ROTopoiTb pasHin^aDTOfl pattoHH no npHsnaRy BoapaoraHiH BHaneHui 
•apeHAi Vb RpeoTBHHCRon xosflftcTBt, noTTH He HapymaDTos: 

no XaHHUM'B BpeMOHEHKa. no XaHHHirb BCMCRO-CTaiHCTH^. 

CfiopHHROB'b. 

. noXOCa XeHBIHHI'B apoHXB. 

1) C'i^BepO-BOOTORl. 1) C^BepO-BOCTORl. 

2) K)rL-OTenHoft. 2) GtBepo-BanaAB. 

3) D^eHTp'B. 3) K)rb crennoft. 

4) CiBepo-3answi»* 4) H^eHTpi. 

noxoca fioxBQiHX'B apeHAi>. 

1) rorO-BOOTOR-B. 1) K)r0-BOOTORI. 

2) K)ro-Baa£^. 2) K)ro-BanaA%. 

3) H)rB. 3) Cisepo-BanaAB. 

4) G'i^Bepo-BanaA'fc. 4) TOn. ' 

ToxBRo ojifiwb oiBepo-Bani^HHtft paioHB napynraerB noinioe to- 
^ecTBO o6oErb paspaAOB'B, BanHxaH ofiiHMH gbohhh ^aoTHXH (icaxo- 
fl XHoro-apeHAHofi) wb nepBoiTB pa^y Miera, nicRoxBRO 6Qsie bhco- 

Sifl, VkWb BO BTOpOM'B. PaBMipU RpeCTBHHCRHX'B apoHj^^ npoACTaB- 
aflDTOH TaKT» no A&HHinrB I]|. G. ROMHTOTa OTHOOHTOXBHO tiOJIBHIHllHt 



6 ^yCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

^iWb no JlfiiSESMli SeMOKO-CTaTHCTE^eOKHX'B oSopHHKOB'B. Bo BCftx'h. 

ocTaiBHHXx HacTflxi npEBej^eHHue pflA^ HHvbirB h6 omqanToa oahh'b 
orb /(pyroro. Cxo;(ctbo MaTopiaia o6ohx'b hctohhhkob'b b'b btoitb Ha- 
npaBieHiH kosho upocjtI^^htb eme A^raxBEri^e no ^acrfliTB orjijbxbvavh 
pailoHOBi>H OTj^juBHnxi rytiepsiS, npeACTasJUiDn^BXi paamqia no^^ 
AaHHOMy npH3HaKyi. *) 

Ha 8ToirB ocHOBaHiH r. Mapecci AonycsaeTi, vro jibmsuo. H^enrp^ 
Ct. RoMHTeTa npnroAHS jvib. onpeA^enui o6nxeft paoapocTpaHenRocTH 
KpecTBflHCSHX'B apoHAi. TaEHM'B nyToiTB noiy^aoTOfl bosvoshoctb. 
oxapaKTepBSOBaTB oi jRasaHHoft to^kh spinifl ropa3AO SojiBinee npo- 
crpancTBO Poccin, ^iwh TeppnTopii, oxBa^eHHaa seMCRHMn oraTH- 
cmeoEHKH c6opHHRaMH. OKasuBaeTcii, ^o naEfiojiLniee sHaHenio 
HnioTB apen^a bx ?epH03eifHiixB ry6epH]jixi, ocoOohho bi XepooH- 
GKoft, CapaTOBCRofi, Rypcsoft, CaKapoROft, IIoATaBCROft, IleHseHCRoflr, 
ERaTepBHOCJ[aBORofi» CnMCnpcKOfl h ^epHHFOBCROft. Cjii^OB., BasHte 
Boero 6wio onpeAiiHTB, RaRoe Ao6aBO?Hoe rojih^ootbo XJiii6a MoryrB 
noiywTb RpecTBflHe ci apeH^HHX'B seMOJiB vh yRasanHoft nojioct* 
OoHOBHBaflCB saTtiTB Ha AaHHHXii pasMtpaxi apoHAHoft njion](a;iH 
Aifl RasRAoft ry6epHiH, r. Mapecci paso^HTaii croibro hosotb 6urt^ 
nojiyneno xjrik6a cb seMejiB, apeHAyeicHX'B RpecTBflHaMH. 

Ho Rpoifi^ apeH^HUx'B seMejuB, ^ohj^oicb a^h nojiyqeHiH xj[i6a bx. 
RpecTBflHCROirL xosflficTBt cjiysaTB TaRse RynqiH somih h oropoAu^ 
Othochtoibho BTHXi ji^BjTh ^aRTopoBi HSQiiAOBaTejiB paonoj[arajrt» 

AaHHHMH, ROTOpUfl HOSBOJIfln C^tJiaTB TOJUBRO npoAnojiosHTeiBHufi 
pascqeTB. Seiufl, naxoAfln^aacH no^x oropo^aMH, npn o6ojr£AOBaHiH 
1881 roAa, fisua BEinqeHa wb o6niyD py6pHRy: cSomjih no^i yca^B- 
6aKH, oropo^aMH h oaAaHHD. HoBTOHy onpOAtieBie njionia^H axofi 
dOMJiH BO8M0SHO TOJiBRo npB6j[H3aTej[BHoe. ABTopx npeAnojiaraeTB^ 
HTO noAi* oropoAU b'b oGnxeMx otxoahtb orojio ■/, Bcixi nasBaH- 
vuTb seMOJiB. OcHOBaHie js^k TaRoro npe^nojioaReHiH, Ri> cosajrbHix)^ 
ocraercfl Heo6i>flCHeHHU]ii». ?to RaoaoTOH BeveiB, RyueHHBtx'B. 
RpeoTBHHaMH, TO T. Mapocci He yRassBaen, OTRy^a hmi saHMCTBo- 
BaHH CB'bA'i^Hifl ehx-b, cocTaBHurB aRe ^lacTflrB bthx'b seMOJiB CBi- 
A^Hifi He BH'i^eTCfl; nodioMy HSCJiiAOBaTeJiB npHHHMaerB a^h hex's 
li ae OTHOCETOJiBHiie pasMipii yro^ifl, RaRie cyn^ecTByDrb jifla na- 
AiJiBHuxi aeMejiB. 

Bb pesyjiBTart btex'b cjioshhx'b paso^ieroBi nojiy^aoTCE TaGiEi^a^ 
B'B ROTopoft Buc^HTaffB A^fl Ras^ofl ry6epHiH c6op'B xJiiOoB'B ci apes- 
Ayemix'B, Ryn^EX'B h oropo^Euxi seMeatB. 

Hoojii Bcero, ?to cRasano Bume o npiejiaxi 8Toro HdciiAOBaHiH^ 
coBepmeHHo echo, qxo nojiyneHEHfi pesyjiBTaiib HoxerB HirbTB tojibro 
npeATTozosETej[BH£ifi xapaRTepi). 3to ho ROHCTaTHpoBaHie ^aRxa, a 
rsnoTesa. Ho nacROJiBRo ara rHnoTesa B'bpoETHa? CaMoe BasHoe sna- 
HOHie jisn p'bmeHiE aioro Bonpoca EHton fflmma. o6'b apoHAHUxs 



'^) H. KapKiDeBi. BpecTBflHCEifl BBtea^^toiHUfl apenAU. 1892 cxp. 31-*32. 



XA^BHUfl I^^HU H HAPOftHOE XOdflfiCTBO. 7 

Hemsxi^ cjijxaDoiHxi ncMuA Ha;^LHofi seuH HaH6o2ie KpynxanrB 
^HAOMi ^fl Ao6HBaHifl xjiida bi speoTBAHOKoirB xosflfiCTB^. Mei bk- 
jj^in, HacRonKO HenojraH e HecosepineHHsi csiA^Hia, HHinndflca no 
aroKj npeAMOTy, ho, OAHaKo, 8th evb]!lkmSy uosf^ewBwi hsi abttb 
ooBepmeHHO pasiH^nrarB hcto^hhkobi, o6HapyaKHBai>T:b xaxoe OinssKoe 
cooTBiTCTBie js$jrb crb ji;pjTowb, Koropoe nosBOJUcen sasiD^ETb od-b 
H£b cooTB^TCTBiR (Hi jj^fiGTBHTejoHooriiK). 8to coofipasesie A^torB npa • 
BO nojiLSOBaiBoa CBifftaiflxn o6i apoHj^axi, Hx^DimniHoii bi Hamet 
nrepaTypi. Hto Kacaerca oropoAHHnci h Kyimx'B seMoiB, to hh 
rk, HH APyi*^ B6 Hrpanrb BHa^nrreJiBHOfi pon; noaroMf irpej^- 
noioseHiff, AouymeHHUH oTHOcHTexBHo pasvtpa nepBuxi h coeraBa 
BTopHxi, He Moryn npHBeerH ki Epynnot oniH6Ki. 

06n(it peayjiBTan, nojrpEeHHut arnrb nyreifB, npej^eraBJiHerB, 
HO Hameiry HHiHiD, AonycTHHjs) rHnoTOsy, ROTopaa, kslvl BOHKan 
nmoTesa, Tpe6yeTB noj^TBepsAeHk, ho npn nacTOflni^eirB cooTOflniH 

pyCCKOfi CTaTHCTHRH HO HOSBTl 6£ITB OTBepraOMa HH no CBOftCTBy 

jtaHHHX'B, nociyxHBniHX'& oh ocHOBaHierb, hh no npieHarb paspa- 

6OTRH 8THXI AaHHHX'B. 

Bume (Shio oKasaHo, no xjii6a, cofiBpaeiiaro KpecT&HHaHH oi 
HaA^^HHxi seneiB, ho xBaTaerb aih npo^OBOJiBOTBifl HaoaieHifl vb 40 
rytfepHiHxi. Ecjih se npHHHTB bo BHnManie apeHAHiiH, oropoAHKH h 
Kynqia semiH, to npHKOTCH HSKtHiiTB 8totl bubo;^ h nocTpoETb cjcfa- 
jnynmyK) rHnoresy. cBi TaM(SoBCRoft, Beccapa6cRot, ERaTopHHOcjiaB- 
cR0fl« TaBpE^ecRoft, OpentfyproRofi ryCepniHX'B h wb ofijiacTH BoftoRa 
AoHCRoro RpeoTBHHCRaa sanamna fb i^ljioirB ho toibro npoAcraB- 

JIHOTCH AOCraTO^IHOft JlflE yAOBJieTBOpenifl npOAOBOJ[BCTBeHHHX1& h Rop- 

iroBUXi noTpe6HOCTeft HaceieHin, ho h ;^aeTB em^e cboCoahhS js^sl 
npoAasH ocraxoRi (oroio 46 mhjui. nyAOBi). Ki ry6epHiHHi», Bnoni 
oSesneneHHUui, no Bcet BipoarHooxH, othoghtch en^e — ^XepooHCRaa, 
CapatOBCRafl, CaHapcRaa, aTaRseCHH6HpcRafl h BojoiHORaa. BiKyp- 
OROft, n6B8eHORott,BopoHescROfi H HpooxaBORofi rydepHiHX'B RpeoTBane, 
vb cpeptev'B, HMiDT'B AOoraTo^nrafl axh co6cTBeHHaro npoj^oBoiBOTBia 
RonnePTBa xjr&6a, ho RopMOBaa noTpeGnoGTB hx'b cnoana yaRe ho noRpH- 
Baerca. Bi en^e xyAniHXi ycJiOBiaxi naxoj^aToa ryOepHin: TyjiBORaa, 
KioBORaa, 7$HMCRaa, CMOJiencRaa, KooTpoHCRaa h BaTCRaa:— SAioB, 
aa yj^OBiexBopenieHi npoAOBOJiBOTBeHHux'B noTpefiHOoreft, ^m RopMa 
oRora ocraDToa oaMiza Hesna^HTeAHHa ROjnraecTBa sepaa^ TaRoe 
se noiosenie, BipoaTHO, saHHManTB einfi ryfiepniH: OpjiOBCRaa, Pa- 
saacRaa, IIojnaBCRaa, XapBROBCRaa, RaaaaoRaa, Haseropoj^cRaa, Ko- 
BOHCRaa, noROBGRaa a C.-neTep6yprcRaa. Do Boeft arofi rpynnt ry- 
fiepnift Aia Ropva cROia h31 co6cTBeHHHX'B sanaooB'B ooraeroa ae 
6ojiie 38 MHJji. ny^oBx, hxh oroio 18^ Toro, no Hyasao... HaRO- 
Heqi, BT> ocraiBHiix'B 17 ry6epHiax'B RpecTBaaaH'B o6iiqHO ne xaa- 
TaerB co6oTBeHHaro xjrifia wui cBoero nponHTaaia, eon jsfaae neoB 
OBecHb, Gesi ocraTRa, pacxoji^yeToa bmh HCRjno^HTeiBHO crb npoi^oBOiB- 
eTBeHHUiCH qljraMH. Do 7 ry6epHiairB npoAOBOiBCTBeaaHft ao^bi^htb 



8 PyCCKOE BOr^TCTBO. 

He AOCTHraen 3 muur. jtjuobi^ no 7 rydepiiflirB owh oooraBuierL 
3—5 MEJU. njA. H no 3 rjie^mawb — npeBHrnaen 5 mhju. iija. 
(no MooROBGKofi rydepnin — okojio 6 mui., no BoioroAOKoft — rose 

OKOIO 6 MHJU. H no ^epHHTOBOROft— llVl 1<^H2I. UJJlflm). Uo ^(AWb 

17 rjGepfliflii'B ji^a nponsraHUi HacaiemA neAOOTaen h3i oo6cTBeH- 
waxi> 8anaooBi — 67.896 tbio. n7A0B'&». 

Ha aroMi bhboa^ ojAji^yen s6oko2bko ocranoBHT&oa, ^ito6h bh- 
flCHHTb ero HOTHHHoe dHa^eHie. SaKiD^enifl asropa ^opiiyispoBaHEi 
Bume ero me oioBaMH, no Tasas ^opicyiEpoBKa, no nanieicy HHtmi), 
nOAaoTL noBOJTB xu neAopasyiiiHift. Hsi Bcero, ito 6iuo panEme 
HSJioseno, BOBoe ne ojitxyerB, Gy^ro vb 30 ryfepnuix'B speorBflHOKOe 
HaoejieHle dthacmeumeAhuo noTp66jiflerB xit6i h KopMi, nojiyueicutt 
zwh cb Ha^'i^BEHTB, Eynuxii oropOAHUxi h apeHAmm seiieiB, a 
vh ooraiBHUxi 17 rydepEutxii dtbticm&umeAbHo Boonojraaerb a^^h- 
nfsTh vb 67,8 MBU.nyAOBi. GjiiA0B.,H3i BHrneBBAOsesHaro hojibsa 
sasiDqaTB, qTO wb 30 ryCepnuix'B Kpeorurae ne npoxaiOTB xii6a, 
aBx 17 — noKynaDTi ero. Boa, tto moxho BiiBecTH nsib npexmeoTBO* 
BaBmaro, eon npHanaTB npaBHJtbHoft BHOsasaHHyD Biime rnaoTesy, 
oBOAHTOfl ZT, ojr&Ayx)n^eicy. 

Eon dH KpeoTBancKoe Haceieaie A^floTBHTeiBHO noTpe6uio xorii 
6u TOTb HHKHKyM'b pacTHTejiBHofi nHoiH, xoTopHfi ycTaHaBJiiiBaeTQa 
aaKOHaMH ^Hsiojioiin, It eon 6u RpecTBflHcsift geotb Ropxaioa oroib- 
RO HHGyAB Ao6ponopaAO^Ho, to pycoRoe RpecTbaHCTBO ne toibro se 
Morjio 6u npoAaaaTB xjiOa, ho noRynajio 6ii eseroAHO 6oj[te 67 
HHJu. nyAOFB. B'b taRom oxy^ai KpecTBflHO HaxoAuncB 6u vb 
nojoaseniH HexRsx'B co6cTBeHHHROB% h laRi xe, RaRX ohh, othoch- 
iHOB 6h paBHOAyniHO B'B i^HaMi Ha xjA&b, hih Cujol 6u saHHTe- 
pecoBaHH Vb HH8REXI i(£Haxi>. TaROBa Teopern^eoRaa oropona 
Bonpooa. 06paTHicofl vb npaRTHR% h noorapaeiccH BBeoiH bi hmo- 
seHHoe noiosenie Heo6xoAHicufl nonpasRH. 

B'b A'i^ftOTBHTeiBHOCTH, RpeOTBflHORift vA&b nOHBJUieTOH Ha pUHRi. 

Bto ^aRTB, ROHcraTHpyeHufi mhofhich HCTO^msRaMn h npHSHaBaeMutt 
aBTopaHH HSCjri^AOBaHifl o Bjonmn ypoxaesx e xxi6HEixi s^hti. Bu- 
me yse 6iuo yRasano, mo bb 5 ry6epHiHX'B h odiaoiH BoftoRa ^oh- 
CRoro CB RpecTBAHCRHTb seHon noiy^exoH cBo6oAHiift a^ npoAaxH 
oGTaTOR'B, OROJEO 46 MEZJL nyAOBB, ROTOpufi, Rovo^BO, nooTynaoTB Ha 
pHHORi. HOf RpoHi BToro yRasaHlJi, HysHO OA&iaTB eme j^suH pflA& 
ApyraxB. 

Bame roBopHJiocB o RpeoTBHHCTBi, Raai i^xokb, h 6bijio noRa- 
sano, ^0 8T0 i^tioe ho xoxotb yAOBJiexBopHTB CBoeft HOpvajiBnott 

nOTpetiHOGTH BB HEH^ H ROpMt. HO BB AtfiOTBETeJIBHOCTH RpeOTBHH- 

GRoe HaoexeHie He npeAcraBnerB OAHOo6pa8Hoft Maoou, paBHOHipHo 
HaAtjioHHoft 8e]tj[efi;GJiiA0B.,HeA0GTaT0RB seiuH ne paonpoAi^eTca 

paBHOHipHO MOSAy XOSflftOTBaMH. HanpOTEBB, OAHa ?aOTB RpeOTBHHB 

HxieTB ioJLbme seiOH, h^hb nyaRHO ei ajui yAOBieTBopeEifl HopMaiB- 
Eofl noTpe6HO0TH BB nmnib h Ropni; a a^ apP^B pasnipii seue- 



XENBHSL HVSBl E HAPOAHOS XOSflSCTBO. 9 

BiaAimfl BOjixcTBie 8T010 oxasiiBaDTCfl em^e HHsse Toft Hopvu, soTopan 
npHnnaoB 6u nps paBHOMipHOirB pacnpe^tiiOHUi semn h HOAO^eTa; 
H ^n 6oAinafl luon^aAB KpecruiHCKaro aeiueBJiaAiHifl npHxoAHTOfl 
Ha nepByD KaToropiD, rbm 6oibme dy^erb sonnecTBo KpeoTBHH- 
cKaro xi^0a, KOTopoe nonaxerB Ha puHon; BxiiOTb 01 rkunb oootb^t- 
ezBeHHO SHa^HTeiBifie OBaseioH h Hja^a ocraiBHot ^acTH speoTBaH- 
cisa FB xrt6i. Eon npHSHaiB, ^0 bb o6nieMB xpecrBflHcsoe nace- 
MHie He noiynaeTB ob cbohxb zeuexb nysHaro eny Kora^eoTBaxjriMa, 
TO npo^asa xpeoTBflHcsaro xjriUSa na pnEsi xoxeiB npoHcxoAHTB 
npes^e Boero otb HepasHOMipHocTH pacnpeffbiesiH seMJiH Mes^y 

KpeOTBAHCKHHH XOSflfiOTBaHH. 

r. MapecoB pasoMaTpHBaerB . ototb BonpocrB jramB bb oSiqeft h, 
KaxB HaMB Faxeica; HeAooTaTO^Ho AeiaiBHoft ^opvi. Ohb hoxoahtb 
OTB ^aKTOBB, OTHOCfln^HxcH KB HepBOHa^aiBHOHy HaA&veHix) KpeOTB- 
HHBseHJiefiHaocHOBaHiE IIoioxeHifl 19-ro$eBpaifl 1861 r. nojCBsyflOB 
cCraTHCTHKOfl noseneiBHoft co6cTBeHHOoTH>^ anropB pasOHn Ha rpyn- 
HH o6npraH 6iiBinHxi» rooyAapcTBeHHUxB, jjsjkxbinivh h nOHiniH^- 

HXB BpeCTBHHB, pasytfifl nOAB HMeHOMB Ofifl^HHU OOBORynHOCTB Rpe- 

OTBHHB, nojiy^HBniBXB OAHHaKOBBTft HaA^iB Ha AJiny H HBrlBmHXB 
OAHy ycraBHyK) rpavoTy hjih Bia^i^HHyx) sanncB. TaBEXB nyroMB no 
46 176. (sa HCKADHeHievB npH6ajnifloKHXB ry6. h o6iaoTH BoficBa 
AoHOEoro) nojryqHiooB 7 OTAbiBHHXB rpynnB: gb HaA&rOHB Ha pe- 
BH3CKyD Ayniy — AO 2AeQ., 2—3 aoc., 3—4 J^ee., 4 — 5 Aec, 5 — 6 
A6C., 6—8 AGO., 6ojd^e 8 A^c.; o6ii^hhh se RpecTBHHB npoqHXB pas- 
pflAOBB (fianiRBpii H TenTflpn, eBpeH-sevjieA'i^JCbi^ur h t. a*) bha^- 
lenn bb oco6yi) rpynay. OcHOBiiBajiGB na 8thxb a^hhuxb, asropB 
BH^ciflOTB ROAH^ecTBo jjA6b, nojiy?a6xaro cb naAiJiBHOft sohih 
Kaa^AmrB paspaAOMB RpecTBHrB, ROTopne npn aioifB pa36HBai)T0fl na 
3 rpynnii: 1) HHto^nxB Menie 19 nyA. na Ayniy, 2) HMtnniHXB 
19 — 26,5 nyA. h 3) HH4»mHXB 6oi4e 26,5 nyA-; npn btomi no 
KasAolt TaBoft rpynni npHBOAflTOH OBiA^faniH uoii naiH^HEixB A^a 
1877 — 78 rr. AjniB MyKORoro noja. Eojih npeAnoJOXHTB, ^ro otho- 
oHTOJiBHoe pacnpeA^JieHie KpecTBHHOBaro naeeieHifl vesAy o6wiflEdMR 

ho HSKbHHJIOOB CB T^XB nOpB, TO ORaSOTCfl, ^TO BB 90-XB TV. npH 

HaiHUOMB BB TO BpoMH HaooJieHiH, Ha 1-H) rpynny npHXOAHiooB bb Eepo- 
netcRoft PooeiH 45,3 mhijt. AyniB o6oero nojia, hxh 70,7% RpeoT. 
HaceneHiH, na 2-k) — 13 mhju. hjih 20,4% h na 3-i) — 5,7 mhju. hjth 
8,9%. 9ti! ii[B$pu noKa3iiBaH)TB, qro bb Hacrofln^ee BpoMH ne Me- 
Hie 70% KpecTBHHCRaro HaoejEeHUi HaA'fcieHu soHJieft bb TaROHB ne- 

AOCTaTOUOHB ROIH?eCTBi, ^TO Ofl HO M0X6TB XBaTHTB A^ yAOBJIO- 

TBopenifl A&ace oahIxb npoAOBOiBCTseHHHrB nysAB, ho o^xTaa Rop- 

KOBHXB. 

Ho 8T0TB BUBOAB AOJ^SOHB 6firrB H^HiHeHB HOAB BJliflHieHB AByXT) 

npH^HH'B'. Bo-nepBUxi, 6xaroAapH nepaBHonipHOMy Hapocranii) na- 
oexeniH, HiROTopuA oGh^hhh, npn^acjieHHiiH rb o6e8ne^eHHHHB, bb 
A'i^ioTBHTejiBHOOTH, HopenuH bb paapflAB HeoSesneqeHHZixB. Bo-bto- 



10 PyOGKOB BOFATCTBO. 

pnxi, B-B cocTaBi caKHX'B' o6mfiWhy cb noABopHinrB seiueBiajj^imevB, 
npoHsomiH HSMtaeHk vh paonpeAiieHiH seiura, nOBJOABiniii na ot- 
HomeHie diBxi o6ii^hhi bb puHsy. IIocjrlABee oficToaTeibCTBO suieTK 
BasBoe BBaiesie a'a oupejs/kjLeBia. Toro KOJuraecTBa xrt6a, soTopoa 
Bi AificTBHTejEBHOCTH noni^aeTB Bi npoAaasy. Bb bha7 btofo kei 
He MoseiTB npHSHaTb AocraTO^ao doihumk biiboah r. Mapeoca 
no 8T0UJ Bonpooy. Ha ocHOBamB aahsbdcb o 5 yisAaxB oh^ 
npHXOjpTb Kb sasuD^eHii), tto <ecjiH, ci oahoA cropoHii, vh 
oOn^Hax'B uAHoseuexbEaxh h Borpi^aDToa ffBopu, AOoraTO^Ho 0668- 
ne^eHHHe seuefi, to, ci APT^ot CTopoHii, h bb o6ii](HHax'B no- 
ToseMejiLHHX'B HtrtuTOfl ABopu, cxa6o otfeane^eHEEie seiurelt. ^(is 
rpynnH ABopoBi vb Mai08eiiej[BH0& oCmjawk, BoaBsimaDniteftofl naA^ 
cpexHHHx ypoBsei'L no odesne^eHHOCTH cpoAOTBaini cymecxBOBa- 
Bin, Bcerxa h bi MHoroseiieaBHOJI o6ii^iHi HaxoAvroir paBH03Ha^y- 
ntaa ett rpynna ffBopoBi, OTOHiiKafl hhso opejpmro ypoBHS. CaMHa 
Koxe6aHifl h b'b toitl h b'b ]s:pjroitb ORjwk nojrywDTca npHfinsH- 
leiBHO oAHHaKOBHfl H AauTB no^H paBHUflKpallHifl rpynDH. O?eBHAB0(?), 

^0 npH yCTBHOBRi TpeXl fiOIBBIHX'B rpyOITB BCb BTB OJCy^aH BSaHHHO 

KOMneHCHpyDTCB, laB'B TTO iHoieHHUfl cooTHomeHifl Mes^y rpynnavH 
noiy^aDTCfl, ebri pasi, 'A, Earn ycraHaBjraBanTCflBinne^. 

DpoTHBi BToro cysAOHifl MOSHO BOspasHTB npesAe Boero, tto 

HeiBBfl OOHOBUBaTB OFO Ha AaHHHXl 5 ytS^aXl; BO-BTOpHXl, ^nK> 

oho BOBce HO oTBi^aoTB Ha Bonpoci. noATBopABiTb nooJiiAHee fh- 

nOTOTHqeOKBlTB HpHMipOBTB. IlepeAB BBMH A^^ OGliqiHU KpeOTBHHB. 

Bi KasAoft 00 20 ABopoB'B oAHHaKOBaro cooraBa h ^raoieHHOOTH, 
npH^OM'B Ha ABop'B HysHo no 10 jifio. jsfla Toro, ^rro6ii noJiy^KTB 
HeoGxoAHMoe KOJoraeciBo xjrtCa h Kopna. IlepBafl o6nuiHa mho- 
rosoMejiBHafl — BJiaAien 200 ago., BTopas se MaiosetfeJiBHaa — 
TojBRO 150 flfic. nepBOHa^ajiBHO seiufl 6Hia pacnpeA^ena pan- 

HOHtpHO HOlBAy OTA^^BHHMU ABOpaMHI Vb nopBOft 06niHH6 npHXO- 

AHJiocB no 10 Aoc. Ha ABopB, bo BTOpot — TOIBKO no 7,5 A^* CjA- 
AOBaiejiBHO, Vb o6n(6M'B vb o6iurb ofin^HHax'B HacuTHBasocB 20 abo- 
poBB (50%) ofieaneieHHHX'B, h 20 ABopoBt (50%) — HeofieaneTOH- 
Hsxi. He Ta, he Apyraa o6npiHa, nps HopiiajQ»HHXi ycioBiax'B, ho 
vorjiH npoAanaTB xcbfia: Ha piiHOKB ho nonaAa^o hh oahofo ny- 
Aa. IIpeAnojioxflirB, ^lo (tb TeienieirB BpeHOHH, npn HeHsiciHHOirB 

COCXaKb H TOft 86 ^IHCJieHHOOTB ABOpOBB, H3lrtHHI00B paonpeA&I6Hi6 

seiuLH MOSAy hbme: bi nepBot o6nymi 10 ABOpoBB onyoTHiEOB hhso 
cpoAHflro ypoBBii: y hhxb tojibko no 2 abc na ABopi; ooraiBHHe se 
10 ABopoBB hmIdtb no 18 A^o. Ecjih nonpesHeny npoAnoiaraiB^ 
TTO Ha ABOP'B Heo6xoAHHO BHiTB 10 A^o. A^ noiy^OHiH HysHaro 
xil6a H Kopva, to 10 ABOpoBi nooi^Anei RaTeropin MoryrB TonepB 
npoAaBBTB oiSopx (tb 80 fific. JXpeAnoJiosEM'B, iro bo Biopot o6ntHHi 
TaRse HSiiiHfliooB paonpeAiienie aeim: 10 ABopovB HMfiDTi toibbq 
no \\ ABO., a 10 ABopoB7» noAHsraoB Hi^i epeAHmrb ypoBneirb h 
BJiaA^DTB TenepB no 14,5 a^c CjiiAOBaTeiBHO, exa BaTeropifl ABopoB^ 



XJLKHUfl I^fiHH E HAPO^HOB X03ffRCTB0. 11 

uoxffTb npoAaBaiB o6oph c% 45 jifio. Gesi yiK6p6a au co60TBeHHaro 
npoAOBoi£CTBia. Bo BTopoui ojcy^ai, nonpesHeify vb o(fbEVb o6mji* 
Hax'B 6yAen 20 ABopoB'B (50%) oCesse^eHHHX'b h 20 x^povh 
(50%) Heo6e3neTOHHuxi; uemjij liwh^ npn npeaRHeiTL pacnpeibffe- 
iriE aeiUH na phhok'b ne nonaAajio hh oahofo ny^a xji'&6a, a Tenepb 
spoAaerofl cOopi* ci> 125 ^eo. 

npEBeAOHHUB npHirfip'B EJuuocrpEpyerB, xota e bt» npeyBeja- 
^eflsoft ^opift, pesyjiLTaTB XE^^epesipai^E, spoEcmeAnieS vb cpe^^ 
icpecTBflscKisrB oen^Esi sa nocjrbAHie 20—30 rtTL. Mea^y rbwb btotb 
BasEsfi Bonpoox ocraeTCE y r. Mapeoca seAooraro^iso EsojAAOBaE- 
sawh: ero ccHXRa sa BsaEHEyiD KOMneEcaipD MesAy MEoroseve^b- 
HBVfl E vajEOdeMejrBSHHE ofiniEsavfl Eeyfi^AsrejiLEa. 

yRasasEHfl ABi npE^BEK— EepaBsouipEoe EapocraEie Eaeexesifl 
wh OTAiiBEurB o6mEEax'B E AH^j^epeEqiaitui BsyxpE oGeiee'b, no- 

CK02[BKy Oflt OTEOOHTCE Rl SBA'i^SOfi SeVJOrifc, MOriE TOIBKO yBBXE- 

^UTB npoi^esTB seo6e3ne^eEHaTO HacejieBifl e ojrbAOBaieji&EO ooEpa- 
TETB MefiLDiEscTBO, EHtK)iae6 s36htke xii6a A^fA iipoAasE. Ho ^c- 
jiesEOCTL aToro Hes&mEscTBa AOixsa 6fiiTb noBumesa, ecm npE- 
BETL Bi coo6paHeEie Kyn^a s apeEAEUE sohjie. OAHaso, bjqe* 
Bie 9Toro $aKTopa Horio csop&e BHpaaETBOE b-b toitb, ^o abo- 
pii, E 6e8i Toro cToaii^e Bume ypoBEE, noiyiEJis • bosmoseootb 
yBBJiii^EBaTB cboe fl36BiTKE, miwb B'b ToiTB, ?T0 A^opu Eeo6e3n6- 
^OESHe nepexoAEifl b^ 6oJtie Bucositt paspEA^. 3to npeAnojiose- 
Hie ocEOBUBaercE Ea coo6paaceEiE, hto Byn^ifl sevjiE, Boofime se 
ErpaH)nua SEa^EreiBEot poiE, nonaAaH)TB vb pyKE o^beb orpaEEqes- 
saro HeEBEiEEOTBa, a seiuifl, apoEAyeiiHE KpecTBEEauE, yseiE^EBaioT'B 
co6oK) nj[on](aAB EaB6oJiie cejibehxi* xosEftCTBi. IIOGi'&ABed soEora- 
TEpoBaEO npo^). KapHmeBBUTB Ea ocEOBaslE seMcso-oTaTECTaqe- 

CKEXX E30J[iA0Basift. «Ha6Ml EpeOTBEEaME BSiBaA^BSUX'B seHeiB, 

roBopETB os%, pasBEBaeTCfl Vb npflXovB OTEomeBiE c% yBejiE^esioM'B 
(SjtarocooTOEEiE apeEABTOpoBi, cb pacmEpeBieirB EaxoAEiUHXCfl bi 
Exi pacEopflseEiE co6cTBeEsofl seujiE, ipyAa e RaiiETai[a». IIoGJitAEee 
o6cTOETejn>oTBo BorpiqaerB, OAHaRO, &poTEBOB%<rB bi tohi> o6otoe- 
TaiBCTBi, ^TO EaB6oj[i^e OEJEBEO^asBEni apeEAH cpeAB BJraAtjEBHecREX^ 
BpeneEEO otfflsaEBBrx'B e BjraA:]^j[B^ecRExi A&POTbbeeerobi, t. e. Asyx'B 
EaflMeEte ofiesne^eEEUX'B rpysni speoTBEECKaro Eacej[esiE>. 

IIpEEEMaE bo BEEUaEie 8TE yCJUOBlE, r. MapeCCTB npEXOAETB Kb ojrfc- 

AyDE^euy BUBOAy: «ao Bceft eBponeftosoft PocciE (46 ry6.) paonpeAi^- 
jTOflie npoAOBOJUBCTBeEEUx'B cpoAOTBi, AoeraBJUieinixi e nh^bsKROUE, 
E apeEAyevuHE seMJEUE, npeAOTaBJueTCE bx esijsji^mfiwb bea^: 
Fpynna oi BOAOoraTKaicE — 33,553 rao. Ayin'B 52,3% 
> TOJiBKO ETO o6e3n. — 20,428 > » 31,8% 
» c% EafiHTRaiiE — 10,176 > > 15,9% 
dTofi Ta6jiiEi];efl, roBopETB r. MapeoirB, xapaRTepEsyeTOE bqe oojo^ 

OCO-XOSflfiCTBeEEaS Ai^ETeJlBEOCTB RpecrBaEl». TOJIEBRO npE6lEBET8Jn»S0 
Va HXl npOESBOAHTB 3epE0 Ea OpOAaay. IIOETE % COfiOTBeEEHMl 



12 P7CCX0B BOFATCTBO. 

xiitfoMi npoAOBOXBCTByercfl, ho h36eitkob% jifisi npo;i;aan ho Eirlen, 

HEUpOTEB'B, ABaCOTepiIHTBHiKOTOpHttHeAOCTaTOS'B Bl KOpMOBOVB Sepsft. 

HasoBei^, noJiOBHEaBcirB KpecrbiiH^b npoHSBOAm xii6a MOHune, i/kwb 
HjSHo ;qui nponirraHui; HeAOoraDiitee au nn npoffOBOiBCTBiii KOJni- 
^ecTBO xjii6a npHfijiBSsrejiBHO onpeA&ueioA bi 200 mui. iijaobi bi 

Et BTOTb BiiBo;^^ HvleTL, ROKe^HO, TOSULO rHDOTerneoKifi zapas* 
lepi. Ho yKioHeHie xMcTBHrejiBHOcn on HSJioxeHHoft rHnoresii oupe- 
A&ifleTOfl, no Eameify MHimi), rjiaBHEurL ofipasoirb xH$$epeHi](iaKi6tt bi 
BpeoTBflHOKHXio6mvHazi; oj^AOB., HjsHo iipeAnoiaraTb, "qro KaTaropiA 
KpeoTBiiFL, MorymHTb no pastfipaHi cBoero xoaaioTBa npo^aBaiB 
sepHo, He ;^ocTaraeTi h 15%, ho rojihtootbo 36iuh, Haxoi^nnieecii b'l 
HX'B pacnopflaseHiH, fioJiBme, ^itb npeAnojiaraoTB pa86Hpaei[oe hscjA- 
AOBaHie. 9to MeHbHiHHCTBo specTBffHCTBa, no zapasrepy cBoero seiute- 
BJia^ttHiH, saHHTopecoBaHO bi> toitb, ^o6h i^hh Ha xitte 6eu[h bucokh. 

Ho KaKOBO vb dTOVB OTHomeHiE ^asTH^ecKOd nososeHie Heo6e3- 
ne^eHEaro 6oj[BniHHCTBa? AaHHMH, eoo6n(eHHBU[ Bume, noKaBZiBaDrb, 
Tio 6ojrbniafl naoTB RpecTBascsaro HaoeJieHifl, 52 % , hie Bume, ne ho- 
TKffTb nojiyvHTB Cb Ea^'biBEHZi E apeEXEuxi denexB ctojtbeo xj[i6a, 
vro6u pacnoxaraiB xase MEEEMaxBEofl npoAOBOXBCTBOEEofi sopvot b-b 
19 nyA. na Ajniy. CjAaob.^ npE EopvaxBEuxi yoxoBiflX'B shsee, ara 
^acTL BpecT&EEOTBa AoxsHa fiuxa 6ei npEsynaTb xi'b6'&, e TaKEirB o0- 
pasoiTBy no xapaKTopy oBoero seExeBxaAiEiE, saEsrepecoBaEa b-b 
Tom, ^TOtiH i^EH Ea xMi6% 6hxe eesee, a se bhooke. MeacAy rbwb 
vh AtficTBExejiLHOoTH 0Ka3BiBaeTGfl, ^TO E 8Ta ^aoTB EpecTbHECTBa npo- 
Aaerb EdBicTEyx) aoid CBoero xxtfia. 

HpesAo Boero npoAaeicE KopMOBoM xsi&b. Ho dTOHy noBoxy 
r. Mapecoi roBopETB oxiAyDn^ee: <CaHo co6ofl pasyuieTCfl, "iioyAO- 
BxexBopeEie axofi noTpe6EocTE (bi KopHi) eooetb sicKOXLKO EEot xa 
pasiepi, ifbwb xE^soe noTpeCxeflie. Eoxe hbmb nooxiAHee bo meo* 
TBTh cxyqasxi noAxesarB SEa^HrexBEouy csEuaEiD, to noTpe6xeHie 
OTB i^xfljfH xy^maro xopMxeEiE oeothhu, seooBiEiEEO, o6xaAaerb en^e 
HeEBmefi onpeA^xeEEOoiBX); BeoBiia b^poeteo, ^to bi 6oxBniHECTBt 
cxy^aoB'B noTpe6EooTB bi bopmobeix'b cpeAOTBarB yAOfixeTBopfleroE 
xEmB EacToxBRo, sacROXBKo xo3flficTBo catfo j[,w&rbWJi cpoACTBa, Baxi 
E86fiT0K'B, sa noKpirrieM'B npoAOBOXBOTBeEsux'B noTpe6EocTefi». 

EpE Tol csEMaoMOCTE, Kaxox) ofixaAaerB norpefiEOciB bi> Eopno- 

BUTb CpeACTBaXl, eCTeOTBOEEO, 710 OBeCB exySBTB Bl KpeCTBEEGKOlTB 

xoaflfloTfil rxaBEuiTB npoAasEuiTB xxtOovB. <KaR% nosaaaxo EicTSoe 
EBcxiAOBaEie noMooKOBOsoft ryfiepsiE,— roBopETB r. Mapecoi, bb o6- 
TOfiyrb no ryfiepmE, e^ npoAasy o6iiRE0BeEE0 noerynaerB osoxo no- 
xoBEHii Bcero o6opa OBca, npEqevi* creneEB paonpocrpaneEEocTE SToft 
npoAaxcH onpeA^^eiCE, rxaBEHMi oepasoEB, pasxEiEUEH npEqHEaEH 
BEOEOEHTOCKaro xapaKTopa. Hwb 749 oexeEifi, no KOTopsorB 6iixe no- 
xy^OEu OTB^TH, yxasHBaDn^ie i^b npoAasa OBca,— bi 319 (43Vo) 
npoAaxca OBoa BUsuBaercE npeEEyn^ecTBeEEO toxbko EeoOxoAEEocTBU 



Xl^BHUfl HVaU H HAPOAHOE XOSaflCTBO. 13 

ymaiH useHHiirb h apf^^^ o6opoBi, no TaRoiiy ace ^scxy cejienit 
HMierofl yKasaHie Ha to, vro oseoi npoAaeTca bi hhtb, khk^ au 
jQiaTH noBHHHocTel, Tui 1 AU YAOBJieTBopeHifl Hteoropuxi jj^oicani- 
ncTb, HiWo6HooTett, h, HaKOHei^, wb 111 ceieidjiX'B (14Vo) TcaaiiBa- 
laob Toa&KO dxa noojr&AHiiii qtob npoAasH>. cEabs jih hh omH6eiioir, — 
roBopiiTL BBciiAOBaieU) — ecu Ha ocHOBaniH npHBexeHnHxi a^hehxi^ 
aaunnm, vro HBEan ho iceHie 7a HasHavaeMaro o6uKHOBeHHO Ha 
iipoAasy oBoa npoAaeiofl orb qtobi) ynorpefiirrb BiipT^eHiiu AeHBra na 
jmraTT saseHHUxi h apF'^*^ o6opoBi». EbBloTHo Tasse, — npoAoi- 
saen r. Mappeorb no hoboat npHBeAeHUirB i^Hrarb, tto npoAasa 
OBca o6KiXHOBeHHo coBepmaerea oceHBD, t. e. vb Taxoe Bpeiui, BorAa 
6ojrte Bcero TpeBOxan €o6poKaMH», uA&b xe BOAeTca en^e cboS: 
MVh 249 OTBiTOBi TOJiBKO B'B 14 BpeiieHeMi HpoAasH 6uM jRasana 
He oceHB, a Beenat. 

$aKT& npoAasH OBca au ynjiaTH KaaoHHiirB h hhhx'b c6opoB%, 
HORpuTifl AOHanraHXi aorpefiHOCTett speoTBflHCKaro xoaHftetBa h t. Am 
BHooan BHauTOJiBHyD HonpaBRy Bb noayqeHHufl Biime bhboab or- 
HooHTeiBHo creneHH ofieane^OHifl EpeoTBHH'b npoAOBoiBOTBeHHUioc 

CpeACTBaMH. HcWCJUfl npOAOBOJEBOTBeSHUfl A6$Ht(HTB, — FOBOpHTB F. 

Mapecanb,— MH Bce BpexH AonycRaiH, too bocb obbci bt» xosoficTBi, bi 

CJiyvai HOAOCTaTKa Vb npOAOBOJI&GTBeHHOH'B XXk6% HORJOO^ITeJlBHO 

HAerL Ha ero nonojiHeHie. MesAy TbvB vb AblcTBHTeiBHocTHBHa^HrejaHafl 
^aoTBOBca npoAaerofl en^e c^ ooeHH. cOqeBSAHo, too oojih 6ti sto o6- 

CTOflTOJIBCTBO 6lU0 IipHHflTO BO BHHVaHie, paSirfcpH npOAOBOJIBCTBeH- 

HaroAe4>HE(BTa no BcivB BHrneysasaHHUirB ryfiepHuiMi noxy^HjoicB 621 
eo^e dojiBmie, a ryfiepniH BopoHeaKOBafl h Bhtciuui oTonura 6u ki 
rpynni ry6epHiS, Hdofiesne^qeHHiixi co6oTBeBHUHH cpeACTBani. 

Ho specTBflHe, npHHaAiesanpe kx KaTeropin Heo6e8D6^eHHHrb, 
npoAaioTb fle tojbko OBecx, HysHHfi au KopMa cKOTa, ho laKse h 
jxUrb OTBDAB He oooTaBJuinnitifl Hafiiirsa. Stotb Bonpoci saoiysH- 
BaeTB ocofiBHHaro BEHManifl, wb BHAy ^ero mh ooTaEOBHMCH na neiTB 
HioBOJiBKO noApofiffbe. 

Bi eraTBt r. Mapecoa m BCTpiiaevB oiiAyvn^ui yusaHifl no 
BTOity npeAHeiy. cPycoKoe BpecTBaHCSoe xoBflftoTBO bi 6ojiBniaHCTBi 
ciyqaeBi ecTB xoBflttcTBO ^ihcto - narypaiBHoe, BOBAbJtKBann^ee sepHo 
He na npoAasy, a a^h co6cTBeHHaro noTpefijieHifl, no 6osbme1k ucth 
He noBpuBaDtqefl jusatd cbohxi noTpeSHocrei. To ofioTOHTeiBCTBO, too 
Ka3Myx> ocoHb Ha daaapax'B noflBJUWTCfl' bobs gi xii6oirb, too ese- 
roAHO na puHOKi BufipacuBaeTCfl naooa xjrb6a, HMeHHO oceEbn, KorAa 
wcTHO-BiaAlJibqeoKui bkohomIh, a tbrso h jL&BtojAe BasHio^Hue 
KpecTbHHCKie XBopu, Hutontfe A^fieTBHreuHHe hbChtkh xji'btia, en^e 

BOBAepSHBaK)TCfl OTB npOABlBH, B eCJUE H npOAaDTl, TO BO BCflBOMl 

ciyqai Besyrb xjii6i ho na 6aBapH, — aro odcTOflTeibCTBO bobob ne 
yxaBUBaefb na h36i3tkh xjil6a, a Huierb coBepmeBHo hhoo snaqe- 

Hie. flfiJiO Wb TOMl, ^TO ecu KpeCTbHEHHl OCeBbl) npOABCTB XXlfi'B, 

TO BHMofi H BecHoM offb OHOBB noKynaoTb ero. XMrb se B'B btoitb 



14 PyCGEOB BOrATCTBO. 

cayqai o6pan(a6TCfl vb Aenni Aia jAOBxerBopeHui HacTOflTejiBHfiiX'& 
HysAi, a aaiiirb oHi Dosynaerofl juls bpoaoboibctbIa, depercfl bi 
sailMu H npo^ee. dio, vb oyo^HOGTH, ho npoxasa, a raxeiaa aanoroBaii 
ouepaiqjiy Kb KOTopot npHfiiraerb EpecTMiHEVB fiespaajaiuo — h b% 
qepHoseMHofi, H BrbHeiepHosexHoft nojiooit. 

fHecMorpx HaTO^^ro Vs Hacexeaifl (b'b npHKOcsoBCKOiTL paioHi) 
npHxoABTOfl noKjnaTb xxfc&b, mosho Kasxyx) oeeiB BCTpiTHib na ro- 

pOACKEXl E CQlBOEHX'b pUHEarB npOAaXHllB SpeCTbJIHOEifi XJlt^B; BO 

arc TOXBKO ooeHBD, Torqaoi noojii c6opa; npoAauTB Boer^a no Hys^i, 
AJU jnjiaTii noAaTeft. BeoHoS se noj[osHTejiBHO Boi speciBflHe bokj- 
"nann xjii6%». (cTpy^H 8KcneAH0[iH jifin BSCJiiAOBaHifl xxi6Roft Top- 
roBn ■ npoHSBOAHTenHOcn PocciH». Toirb m, BiiuycKB 1-ft. cTop- 
roBJU wb npHHOQEOBOKOiTB pafioHi». HacjiiAOBaHie B. H. HaojiaBCKaro. 
1873 rox^). Bi BepxHeBosKCKoirb pafiosi <KpecT&aH6 jifia. yuaxH 
noxaToft npoxaDTi Tor^aci noojcl y6opKE <[aoTB OBoero xit6a, a no- 
Tom oGpamaDTCfl k% noRynnoHy h, sa^aoryi), oo6cTBeHHaro npona- 
BOA0TBa(«n3ciiAOBaHie xjAtnoi ToproBin bi BopxHeBOisosoirb 6ao- 
ceisi>,II. 6. BapEOBCKaro). Bi oahoA B31 fiixHMniBX'B semexfaitv- 
^ecKHxi ry6epHift — vb nojiraBOKOft, sas'B nosasajEo MtoTHoe BBcii* 
AOBanie, bc& cooiobia h bo Boixi oeieHiflrB jifiJOTb hhofo xoaneBi- 
BejuexfiJiu^eBX, npoAax)ni(HXi oceHbK) bcA oopra xjrl6a c'bTiirB,^To6H 
ci cepexHHH 8H1IH KiH paHHei BecHot noKynaTi^.BX'B. OoeHnna npo- 
Aaxa KpeoTuiHCBaro xjA6b. — na ynjEaiy noxaToft h na xosflftcTBes- 
EHE Hyai^AH, a saTin ofipaTnaa nosynKa— na npoAOBcxEOTBie h Ha 
cj^nena^ uh, jj^jtemu cjtoBaMH, saemb Aoier'b noKb saion xii(Sa, 
ecTB caHoe oSu^moe y naci aBiesie, noBcevicTHO hbi ro^a b'b roxib 
noBTopann^eecfl. cCavo co6o9 pasyMiexon, roBopHTB 6. A. II(ep6BHa, 
^To xodflficTBa, npfl6ira]onqfl si Tasofl ABOftnoft u!bwb — cHa^axa 
xjii6a Ha AOHBrH, a BatiirB AenerB Ha xjrb6%— EaxoAHTon b% noiose- 
HiH CaxaHOHpynnpx'b xosflfioiBx, na tofi to^e^, 3a soTopoft Han- 
HaoTOH oKOHUTBi&Hoe naAOHie)) *). 

K'B Toiry, ?T0 cEasano b'b etoft BHAopsRi, nyxHO npntfaBiTB enne, 
^TO specTBHHe (iHBanTL BunysAOHH npoABBaiB ooohbd ho tojuso 
HacTb npoAOBOJUiOTBeHHaro h RopuoBoro xjrtfia, ho ]t,BXQ h ctoaK- 
Haro **), H TTo HiTB HO BCBFAa yAaoTCfl BHOBb noRynaib zai6i» boo- 
hod: npHXOAHTCH esHMaTB AO RpaiHOCTH noTpe6ieHie, nHTaiBCfl cyp- 
poraiaMH, mophtb fojioaojh cROTHHy. Hysno npHSHaiB, hto $aRTH- 
TOCRH RpeoTbflHB, A&so Heo6o3neqeHH£ie xiitfom h rophoitb, ne- 
cyTB qaoTb CBoero xiifia na phhor'b h ho BoerAa bhobb noRynaixrB 
npoAaHHoe. BiaroAapa bthitb BmiysAeHHHMi npoAaxain, RpecTuiHe, 
Rotopue no paBMipam obohx'b xo3flilcTB'& ho aoishu 6iUH 6u. BOBoe 
npoAaBBTB XAi&b hjih a&sb aoishu; 6uie 6u noRynatb ero, B'B a'^B- 
0TBHTeji[BH0CTH, HOA^ A^BJiOHietfi* HysAu, HBJUWTOH npoAaBAaicH. Ha 



*) «BjiiiiHie yposaeBi r i^fe'B>, I, cTp. 52 — 53. 
**) TaMi» ate, cTp, 59. 



XAfiBHHfl I^^HU H HAPOAHOE XOasfiCTBO. 15 

«ro o6oTOflTexB6TBo j^auTOfl yEasaHifl vb TesymRX'B cB']^;^Hiflxi sen- 

CKHXB c6opHHSOBl. Bon HiOKOJDbKO npHMtpoBi: 

fOScTOfliiBjabCTBO, xapaKTepHsyBii^ee BiiflHie xopomaro Tposaff, 
coofimajiooB ns'B OpiOBCKot ry6. vb 1894 r., saun^aerofl wb xpaftne 
HfldKHXi mfcHax-B Ha noieBHe npoxyKTu. Yposaft xoponrB, a uevajij 
TfticB HacTOflmifi roAi» Bcerasn npHHeoi icnoro paso^apoBamfi h orop- 
^OHit cenoRHin* xo3geBain>, xasi noiiintHsairb, TaKi h RpecTbHHairB. 

HB3X1II UJkRU Ha pOSL Alfl KpeCTBHHB HO HH^JIH fifil, BIipO^eHl, HB- 

iSjnronpiflTHaro SHa^eniH, TaRi KaRi possB noTpedJuteTCfl, Boo6me, oa- 
juMi HaoejieHieMi; b% sbKoropuxi ifioTHOOT&xi oHi AasEe bstoxhh 
juui BpecrbflHi. Ho a^o bx tom'b, ito i^hu hhskh Boofin^e^ na bo^ 

HpOAjETIi, Vb TOITB HRGJlt Ha OBOCB H Ha SOHOnjIX), HpOAaseiO ROTO- 

pHXB H noRpuBaDTQfl BO^iaTH. IIodTOMy HacejieHuo npHAercfl c6£iTb 
no HHBRBarb xrlnairL 6oiBmee roxh^ootbo npoBHX'b, ^to6ii - Bupj^wrb 
Heo6xoAHM£ifl opeAGTBa Ha yniaTy noj^aiet, hoaohhrh, HaRonHBineftca 
Bi npeAnrecTByDHue Heyposatmie row, h pasiHUuxi AOAroBi. 
MHOiie RoppecaoHAeHTEi BUCRa3HBax>TB, tto BupyqRa^orB npoAasv 
apoBiiX'E BceraRH ho noRpoerB Bcix'B pacxoAOBi, TaR^ RaRi apoBiie 
BO MHonncB MicTHOGTflX'B ypoAHiHCb HeyAOBjeTBopHTejiEBHO, a npu- 
demcH npodamh u uacmb oauMOtOj ^to yze ^yBOTBHTeiBHO OTpasaeica 
Ha npoAOBoxBCTBiH BacaJ[eH]fl». 

Barb Ejieipcaro yia^a ooo6iiMumB'B ToirBseroAy: «HiiHiniHifi ypo- 
mbA o6e8iie?HTL RpeonflHHHa iipoj][OBOJiBOTBievB, coAepsameirB cROTa, ho 
ymiaTy nosaTefi h noBBBHoorefi BiipyHHTb ne ci ^ero: i^sh na BosRilt 
xiiftb TRRi HnaRH^ ^TO npo^aBaTb ero He npexcTaBJifleTCfl bo3mo8Hocth». 

«npH OBJlBHOirB TpefiOBBHiH rOOyAapOTBOHHHX'B H MipCRHX'B nOBHHHO- 

isreft, — RBRi ORJiaAa, laR'B h nej^oHMRH h npoAOBOiBCTBeHHaro AOJira, Rpe- 

^SnHHaiTB nOHOBOlt HpEXOj^HTCfl cGUBaXb CROTB, OOraBAflA TOIBRO caHufi 

Heo6xoAHXHt>. Earb JlHB6HCRaro yis^a nscaJiH, ^o ccpo^HHe njia- 
TesH H noBHHHooTH BUHysnaDTB cGiiBaTB xjii6i sa fiesKiHORi. C6u- 
^aiomz u doAOKmu 6ydyfm c6umb sect ypooica'A^ — RpecnuiHe its, yojraTU 
ooAaieft, a nonimHRH aah norameHifl cpo^KHXi njiaTeseft, hh iiajo 
He satioTflCB TeRynpxi paoxo^axi na nyspi xosHftcTBa... SaMtrna 
crpanraafl cnimRa vb MOioTB6i h npoxast sepna. Aoho be^ho, ^o 
Aifl pasBHSRH CB HJiaTesaHH yftABTB BecB yposaft, a y HHorax'B eme 
H He XBaTHTb... a lani oohtb CyAyrB shtb ao hobhhh bx ^ourb, 
Hepe6HBaflCB BceBOSHOSHBniH ^HBancoBUMH R0i[6HHaipHi[H: RpecTBflse 
<(pocflTGfl tn> RyiaRaifB ci saRjiaAaKH, a noH^n^HRH npH6iirHyrB ri 
6aHRairB>. IIo ojioBairB HiROTopHX'B RoppecnoHAeHTOBi» hsi Maioap- 
xanrejiBCRaro yi^s^a, «eciH RpeoTBHHe npo^aAyrB A&se BecB xflifii, 
TO H Tor^a Bupy^eHHHX'B AOHerb ne xBaiHTi na ynjiaTy no^aTett h 
noBBHHocTe8>. cMesAT t^hx RpeoTBasHHy 6oiBHie ne oTRy^a bshtb 
AeHerB>. <EjiaroAapfl RpafiHeft AomeBBSH'b xjr&6oBi RasAOvy upExo- 
AHTCH Tan^HTB Ha npoAasy ropasAo 6ojiBnie, tIui» owb pasc^ETtiBaerB 
no OBoevy xosatoTBy, h BeoHon eicy nonpesHevy npoAcroETB oaoi- 
j(aTicfl». <XJii6a XBaTEJio 6ii ci E36betrohi tojibro bi> tomi ciy^ai^ 



16 P7CCK0B BOrATGTBO. 

eon 6u He npo^aBaTB*. Ho €bi bha7 npoAUor zii6a la jvMrj 
noBHiHoorelt, HaBOiiHBinExos vb nponaae roAHy h qaoTHKXi aojkfobi, 
KpeoTbflHairB, nps AomeBHSsi xrt6a, epa n iBs^THTb' ero h» co6- 
cTBeHHoe ooAepsaEie» *). 

Bi 1895 ro^y Bib ofisopi pesyttTaTOFb ypomui uraeirb ortxyv- 
irSa, KKEb 6yATo, npoTHBopiuBHa coo6iiteHiJi. Ci offHOt eropoioi 
<no BOjra^ecTBy ceHBH xajio poAHToa n Haff6ia», Boi^XCTBie ^ro 
«HeAOCTaTOBi co6cTBeHHaro xii6a sa npoxoBOACTBie uuercfl j^b, 
HaceieHifl bo MHorHxi oxy^uuirB nem&kmsuwb n o6mHiiirL>; oi xpy* 
roft CTopoHU, HexocTaioBi xjAtfa BOspaoraerL BOiixoTBie cyouesHOft 
pacopoxaxH urUa oceHBn 1894 r., BusBaHHOt spaftHen AemeBHBHott 
nociixHHro h Heo6xoAHHOCTBi) npoHSBeoTE si cposy Boi HeofixoAK* 
MHe niaiesH, Kan qacTEue, Tasi k xa8eHHHe>... **). noyisffiniB 
cB^xiHia noATBepsA^^DTi csaaaHHoe. Okbwb H8%HaH6oiie xapastep- 
EHxi oTBHBOBi ooo6ii^aeTi, TTO €He XBaTuo xii6a noTOicy, nro bcj^a- 
OTBie ero AemeBHSHH h HHSKaro KavecTBa, npHnuooB no^H bocb npo- 
AaTb ero Ha ynjaiy noAaTeft» ***). 

noAo6HHfl me oBtA^Hiii mosho JDEpKBecTH OTHooHTexBHo Apymxi 
ry6epHiB, Haap. IIojiTaBOKoft. cHacejienie, ^araeirb mh vl Obaopft 
cejEBcsaro xoeafioTBa b% IIojrraBCBofi ry6epHiH sa 1894 r., noA'K 
BiiflHieifb HeyposaeBi ciHiOBoirB uHoro aaAOJrauuro xasi qacnaoTB 
jo^airB, TaBi h pasHaro poAa npaBHreiTBCTBeBnKjrB h oda^eoTBeHHHirb 
yqpesAeniflirb, oKasHBaBmaM'B ooyAH sarypox) h A^HBraiiH bi Hey- 
posaflHue roAHT. TenepB HysHo Boi dn aoxth nononnn*. dmtb 
o6%acEfleT0fl, no^eicy KpeoruiHe cnpoAaBan xxJUSi MimsaMH s lop- 
fiaiTH CKyDn^HKaiTL Ha Ma9excKHx^ fiaaapaxi, a Rpori Toro, HHorAa 
nepeMajuiBaiHeroHMyEox)iipoAaBaju vh UojrraBl ToproBsairb *''°*^)». 
B% Ofisopi sa 1895 roAi H^BOTOpiie RoppeonoHAeHTii ccraBflTb neAo- 

CTaTOEl OilEllHl Vb KpeOTbflHOBHXIb XOSflltCTBaX'b B'B UpSXpO SaBHCH- 

HocTB OTB HHSKHX'b jj/bwh Ha xxifo, A^B^ DTOiiy Taxoe o6iacH6Hie: 
HecMOTpfl Ha o6H2BHiit yposaft 1894 r., KpeoTBJiHairB npHXOAHxooB, 
npn oyH^ecTByDn^HXi hhskhxi i^naxiy npoAanaTB SHa^HrexbHoe koxh- 
^ecTBO xxi6a rxaBHSiTB ofipasoMi Ha yniary pasxH^HsnTb HOBHHHOOTett, 
a oT^acTH H Ha HeoGxoAHHHH ii0Tpe6H0CTH cBoero xoaaloTBa; no- 
8T0Hy, y HixoTopHxi xosaeBx * ne XBaraxo cBoero xxi6a ne toxubo 
Ha oficiMeneHie, ho Aase h na npoAOBOXLCTBie» *^**). 

Hsi CexBCKO-xoBfllcTBeHHaro ofisopa no BoponescsoS ry6. sa 
1894—95 roAi mh ysnaoMX, ^to cysacnaa A^ineBHsna xxi6a aacra- 
BXHOTB MHornx'B KpecTBHHx yueBBmHTB KOXH^eoTBa nooisa, a h^^- 



*) CejibfiKOzoBAftcTBeHBuft O^Bopi* HO OpxoBCBoft ry6. 8al894 roxi^- B. II. 
PesyjiBTaTBi yposaa erp. 201, 204, 205, 206. 

**) CejDKCBOxosaftcTBeHHuft 068op% no OpaoBcxoft ry6. at 1895 r. Bun. 11, 
cTp. 139. 
*♦*) Tam me, crp. 143. 
♦^•) OCsopi sa 1894, crp. 172 h 238. 
*♦♦*♦) OdBop* sa 1895, cxp. 221. 



ZJITOHHfl I^^HH H EAPOffSOE XOBflfiCTBO. 17 

TopKTb H ooBofafB OTKasaxBOfl 0TB sevejaHHii ni^;(ixoBi>. IIo oio- 
Bam offHoro KoppeonoHKeHTa, cci niseiHirB qjECTBOitB specTBH- 
H1F& Besers cBot xjAfo Ha npoAaasy, orapaacB npoAaiB janni otojebko, 
TOotfii nOKpiiTb oairaji Heofixoxnoifl iyBU(u». cBicbert cb npouu 
xoBfleBam speomiHe HSHiiBanrb BoxiAciBie Heo(}xo;^HMocTH orjsfiiBBUb 
juMh TjrTB n He 8iwapo]rL». Boo6H(e ysasaHHOe cocroHHie i(Ih^ 
no BiipaseHUO jspjrKTb KoppecnoH^eHTOBi, cooKpymaerb RpeoTbHHi», 

«He HOSBOJUieTB HMl cHOAffOpsaTB OBOD HeSaTtttlHByi) 8K0H0MiD», 

Hexaeti conpaBHTBOSi nocJB^ HeyposaftHHX'B jAtbt^ *). Bi 1895—96 r. 
vn Toft me rf6epHiH ooo6n;aiooL, ^o cno cj^^ai) hhskhxi i^iH'B 
Ha xii6a BpeoxBue coBoiiTL o6e3;(6HexHJ(H». «Chjibhh& jnaAOBi 
nfkwh na Boi xj[i6a, nHmjTB APyrie Koppee^o^AeHTZI^ oiHinRoirL 
HediaronpiflTHo oisHBaeToa na 6jiarococTOflHifl cejacKaro HaceieHifl>, 
«noniaTHyjrb cexBCKoe xo8flftoTBO», nocraBHjrb ero <vb tiesBoxoAEoe 
noioseHie», fpascrpoHn^ **). npHBeAeHHUH BintHCSH noKasuBaDn 
01 AOOTaio^mot ydiAnreiBHOCTBi), ^lo KpeoTbHHe, ho tojibko ofiesne- 
veHHue, HO H Heo6e3HeTOHHHe, BuoTyiiaK)Ti> npoAaBi^anH X2i6a, h 
npHTOVB He Tonso BopMOBaro, ho h npoAOBOJiBCTBeHHaro, a TaKse cineH- 

HOrO. HeJlBBH COMH^BaTBOH H Wb TOH, ^HK) BeoeHHHH HOKyiiKa xjrifia 

He Beer^a oAjsjerb sa oceHHefi npoxaaceft; ci^AOBaTeiBHo ne Boer^a 
MOSHo cBeoTH Hpo^asy EpeoTBUHcsaro xjrUa kb onepai^iH sauiMta. 
tbAa. vh bh;^ oth j^aBTH, nooTapaencH TenepB pasofipaTBoa bb boh- 

pOCi SHaieHiH XlifiHUXB I^iHB A^H BpeCTBHHeKarO X08flfiCTBa. 

Hame KpecTBflHCTBO a^ihtch na xpn nepaBHSui rpynnn: nepBaa, 
cooraBdUUoni^aa HeHBmHHCTBO, noxyiaeiB HSJOEnnKH xii6a, ROTopue h 

BHHOCHTB Ha piIHORB; BTOpafl ]ip0H3B0AHT:B HB GBOOft SOHli JUUHB 
OTOJIBRO XJli6a, CROXBRO HySHO^ UT061I yAOBIOTBOpHTB HHHHHaiBHOft 

^HsioioFH^eoRot norpefiHocTH vb pacTHTexBHofl nxinib; naROHei^ 
TpeTBH HHierB ^ase MOHBrne aroro MHRHHyiia. 

OTCD^a BtiTeRaoTB oiAxTgimfie aaRjao^enie: eciH 6£i pyocRoe 

RpeCTBflHCTBO HOTpefilfllO XOTfl 6s TO MHHHMaiBHOe ROJDI^eOTBO IIHI^H, 

ROTopoe npeffSHOUBaercfl saROHaMH ^Hsiojiorin, to npo^aaaTB xii6B 
Horxa 6u toibro nepBaa h3b nepe^HCJieHHHX'B rpyniiB h ona o^Ha 
TOURo E cipaAaJia 6£i otb he8rhxb i^b; BTopaa He npoAasaia 611 
H He noRynaxa h noaTony oTHOcHJiacB 611 deapaaiHHHo rb i^aairB 
Ha xj[i6B; TperBH, caHan MEoro^HcjieHHaH, noRynajia 6u xxi6'B h 
6iua 611 aaEHTepecoBaEa bb hh3Rhxb i^aax'B. Bth nojroseEifl hooG- 

XO^HHO BUTORaDTB E8B TOFO OCEOBHOrO CBOftOTBa OeJHiORO-XOSflSCTBeE- 

Haro npoMHGJia, RoropoHB roBopaJiocB bb na^ajEi 8T0i craTBH. 

Ho b'b fffeSoTBETejiBHOCTfl pyccKift RpeoTBHHHHB BUHysAeEB no- 
TpeOuTB pacTHTOJiBsoft mumjBL ueHBme, ^hb Tpe6yeTB ero opra- 

HE8MB, H AOIXeHB HeAORapHJ[EBaTB CBOD CROTEHy, A^E TOfO, ^T06u 

npoAaTB qaoTB CBoero xxiCa h h8b BupyqeHHUXB AenerB ynJiaTEXB noAa- 



*) OGsop* sa 1894—95, crp. 95. 
*♦) 0680P* 8a 1895—96, orp. 95. 
M 4. OTxi» n. 



18 pyOGKOB BOFATCTBO. 

TH^ BsecTH noKinuiKj niaxy sa apesAy seim, noKp^xb xojdth h t. ii.; 
nosTOHy BTopafl h iperBfl rpynnu KpecTbnoKaro neejieHui, BonpeKH 
saKOHaiTB HopxaiBHaro OHrasiji, t. e. HanepeEOpi npopoAi h SApaBOiiy 
OMUGiy, noHOBOJcb npoAaion HSB^THyi) xojoo OBoero ypozaa, h vh 
Tot Mtpi, vh sasot offb npoxaBorB sopno h He naKynamrB ero bhobb, 

H JipHTOMl no pHHOUHITB I^tSaiTB, OWk ttBBBXfrCB, BpeMesHO saiHTe- 

peooBaHHUHH Vb BKcoEHxi xii6HHX'b iftsaz'B. HraBi, Teoperi^oKH 
cnpaBeAJiHBO, ^to 6omiiHHOTBy pyeoxaro KpeoTBaxcTBa uh Cespas- 

JIH^IHO, KaROBtl I^HH Ha XS/k&bj HIE BSrOAHie, ^ro6u JijbBU 6£UH 

HEdu. Ho Ha npasTHKi 8to xeoperH^ecEoe noAoxeme jifosso 6htb 
orpaHH^eHO. ^jul Toro, ^to6ii pimHTB^ zakb bbsseo 8to orpaHH- 
^oHie, Mu HO JoAewb aahhuxi, xoth Tpy^HO npeAcraBHTL oedi, 
?To6ii OHO 6iuo oqeHB sHa^xejobHO, tairb EaKi HopMa noTpefiioHiH 
HeodesneqoHHiix'B Bpecri^Hi iipH6jiHsaeT0H ei> npe^ixy, npH kotopoitl 
eABa B08H0SH0 cyn^ecTBOBanie. 

CKasaHHoe mosho H^ncrpHpoBaTB npHHipoHi. Hhrto h0 6y- 
AOTii enopHTb npoTHBi Toro, ^o ^eiOBisi, Eocmift py6axH, 
HO He npoHSBOAHHiitt HTb, saHHTepecoBas'B vb TOMi, vro6ii js^kau Ha 
py6axH hujLK hh3kh. Ho oojIih TaROHy ^eiostey hpexoahtoh HecxH 
Ha puHOK'b CBOD py6axy, nro6u RyHHTb ce6i nniqH, owh nojuyqaers 
HHTepeoi Bi Ton, ^o6h i^iHii na py6axH, bo BpeMH npoxasH hitb 
CBoeft py6axH, ctohjih bosmosho Bume. OnpoBepraen me oiorb 
nocjrbAHift 4^asTB BucKasaHHoe Bume noiosenie? Roneuo, sirb. 
To^HO laKse noJiosenie, no KOTopoiiy 6oji[BmHHCTBO KpecrBSHCKaro 
HaoeieHifl vb Poocih ho saHHTepeooBano bi BsieosHxi vinax^ ho 
onpoBepraeroH rtirB j^asTom, ^xo ^lacib specTBHEi 8T0ft saTeropis 
noneBoii npoAaerB HSBicTHyx) jsfljoo cBoero ypozan h noatoiiy 
Vb npoAi^arb atoft npoAasE, HacsoiBSO ona ne Boaiiin^aeTCfl no- 

KyOKOtl, BpeneHHO HaXOAHTB BHTOAy Vb TOMly, ^Tro6lI XJrUSHUH I^HH 
6Hi[H BUOOKfl. 

HaiTB Moryrb 3atfiTHTB, ^o vb BHAy $aETHTOCEaro noJoseHifl 
speonflHi, saoTaBJumn^aro RTb hocte na pziEosi a^so sectfxoAEMHft 
uwb xiidi, BucKasaHHiift BHme TeopeTEieosifi bhboa^ eo EirfceTB 
SHa^esifl. Ho bto HOBipHO. KpecTBflHHSi, npoAax)nufi HSjuinieK'B xjr&6a, 

HHieT'b nOOTOflHEilfi HHXepeCB Vb TOWb, ^T06U XJr66HUE I^iEU CTOHJUI 
Ha B08H0SH0 BUCOKOITB ypOBffb. nOCTOHHEIlt S6 EHXepeCl RpeGTBHEHEa, 

npoAaron^aro ^aoTB OBoett maajL, sasiDuaeTca b-b toitb, ito6u Ee npo- 
AanaxB en^ t. e. ^o6u owbEetvuLb Bfiuya^aeiTL o6peMeflHTejrBHOGTBi> 
noAaiefi, nenoHi^pHofl sucoTofi apeEAHoM njiiaxEi, BooSn^e oRyAHocTBi) 
cBoero 6B)AseTa HeoTH na puHOR'B npoAyRTB, Koropiitt HyseHi eny 
caMOHy AJiH noAAepsaHiH saopobbh e sesee. 

dROHouE^ecRaE nojLETERa, HanpaBJueEEaa ri» ooxpaHeEiio RpecTBEH- 
OEaro seHJOBJiaAiBifl, Ee mosotb ho HiiiTb b'b BHAy aioro pasiE^ 
E AOJiSEa HanpaBETB oboe cTpeMjeHiH ri Touy, Tro6Bi RpecTBEHaMi 
He npHxoAEJiocB npoAasaTB xjiifii, ROTopHft EyseH'B emb caME&rL. 
EciE 6u 8Ta js^ksb fiHJua AooTErEyia, t. e. ycTpaseHU 6uzk npn^EEU, 



U-BBHilfl BI'&HH H HAPOAHOB X08flflCTB0. 19 

yrKeTaDinlfl bi HaeToaniee Bpeva Bpeet^HCRoe xoaatOTBO^ to Bii<»w- 
saraoe Biime teopeTnecitoe nofloaceme o BiiiisiE xjrbds&DCB j^iwb sa 
xosflicTBeHHyi) A'^TenffOGTL KpeoTBfls^ 067ii^eeTBJUiJioe& 6uHanpafi- 
THKi Bib noiHol Mip'&v IIpR eyii](eoTBjiE)me]r& noioiseHin RpeoTBfflCKa- 
TO xosfltoTBa noAHATie xjnidniixi J^wh Hoserb tojubco jsjmnisTh 
yciOBia ero iHRSHAaipH, h HanpaBXHTB aKOHOMEqecByi) noiHTHKj wb 
dry cTopony SKVivrb 3a6oTHTLCfl ho o tomi, ^o6ii npeAOTBpaTHTB 

^HBpOTCTBO KpeOT^flHCKarO XOSfltCTBa, a IHHIB TOITB, qT06u 8T0 

6aHBpoTOTBo ooBepmuocB B08K0SH0 BiiroAHie AU pasopflioniHxofl 
xosaeBi. 



SI HO Hnin B'BBHAy sacaTBOfl Apyrnxi oToposi BHHrB, BHnyn^eHHOft 

noAi pexaKi^efi npo^. ^ynpoBa h IIoeHBROBa. Bi mod sa^a^y bxoahjto 

' mnL oTMiTHTB HiEOTopHe peayiBTaxH 9Toro HSciiAOBaHia, HMinnpe, 

Ha MoS BsrjiflAi, HaH6ojrBmyD BaxHOOTB. PesDiTHpyfl B^ MioKOXhKarb 

CIOBaXl 06mift BHBOJ!^, MEl MOSOMl OEaSaTB, ^TO Wb BIIOOKHX'B I^HaX% 

Ha xjrl(h» saHHTepecoBaHH HeHBmHHOTBO ^acTHSixi 8evj[eBJ[aAi2Bn;6B% 
X He6ojrBHiaH rpynna speoTBAffB; ocjih se iraooi KpecTBHHOKaro Race- 
Jieaia h npHXOAatcH xenepB npoAaaaiB ^aoTB oBoero xjr66a, to 
Tasatf npoAflsa flBJiaeTOfl BiiHysAeHHoS h npeACTaBJiTHeTB ne^ajcbffoe 
cjiiACTBie KpattHoft HysAu, bi soTopot naxoAHToa Hame RpecTBAHCKoe 
BeirseBJiaA'&Hie. IIociiAHeo noioxoHie OTMi^oHO wh BHHrb, ho, qo Ha- 
meMy HHiHiio, H6A0CTaT0^tH0 orriHeHO. OcHOBHoft se TesHci, na 
ocHOBaniH KOToparo wb bhcorhxi qiHaxii, no yoxoBlHHi seirjieBJiaAt- 
HiB, saHHtepecoBaHo tojd[beo veHBiHHHcTBO cejrbCE^aro nacejieHifl, no- 
oiaBJieHB cb noJiHikfiineft hohoctlx). JS^osasaTeirBcrBo BToro TesHca BaxHo 
He tojiBRO Gi> TOHRHsptHiHTeopeTH^ecEaro noHHuaHifl ycjOBift Hamero Ha- 
poAHaro xosaScTBa, ho h bi bha7 npaRTH^eoRaro eHa^eHiayRasaHHaro 

BHBOAa. ECJTH HeHBmHHCTBO, SaBHTepeCOBaHHOe B'b BUOORHXl i^tRaxi, 

o6paHiaeTCfl ri npaBHTOjncTBy ci> npooB6ofi o BOonoco6ieHiH n upH 
dTOBTB roBopHTL otB HMOHE Bcoro cojiBcRaro HacojieRifl, TO Heo6xOAHico 

H OieHB BaSHO HanOHHHTB npOCfln^HMl», TTO OHH COOTaBJUtDTB TOJIBRO 

Heana^HTejiBHyD rpyimy h^o 6oiBmHHCTBb hjte BOBce He orpaAaen 

OTB HH8RHX1> I(IhB, Hffl HaXOAHTB BB RHXl BilFOAy. 'EeJLR SO Ha 8T0 

BoapaxaiDTL, hto vaooa EpecTBHHB BceraRH npoAaerB CBoft xji'66x, 
TO npH djiHsafimeirb B3CJsiA0BaHiH OEasHBaeToa, ^ro MaTepiajBHoe 
nojoseHle 8T0ft vacoii ne hosotb yiy^iHHTBca npo^HSMi o6pa30]i[ b 
(fjiaroAapfl noBumeHin xjii6Hiixi> n^wb. 

KorAa o noMon^H hpoohtb 6oxBniHHCTBO, to oanut $aRTb, ^o 
on> HBBicTHaro flBieHia crpaAaerB 6oiBniafl ^aoTB nacejieHiH, yse ojiy- 
SBTB Bi^cEHM^AOE&BaTexBCTBOHi FB noj^bsy vA^'b BocnocoGieHUf. Eom 
2Ke oTpaAaerB tojhiRO ifeHBmHHOTBo, to Ha oSflsaHHocTn ero JieaHTB 
noEasaTB cnei^aiBBHs coo6paseHifl, no soTopuH'B rocyAapoTBo Aoxaaio 
npHATH eny na nouon^B, sepTByfl npHBTovB HHTopeooirB 6oj[BniHHGTBa. 
dio dieHeHTapHoe npaBHio nojiHTHEH npHirlHHtfo h sb AaHHOHy oiy- 

2* 



20 P7CCK0B BOFATCTBO. 

^an: xeHBinsiCTBo, 0Tpa;^ai)ii(e6 orb HnaRHXi xiitfHEiTB i^hi, o6fl- 
saHO AOKasaTb, na msowb ooHOBaHin rocyxapoTBO jkosaano npHHors 
oneipaiBHHfl jApu wb ero HHrepecaxi h sonpesH Hffrepeoaiiii ooraiB- 
Hott ^acTE HaoexeHifl. Onus proband! ioshtoh Ha npoofln^HZ'B. 

A. MaHyHJioBi>. 



AnojiJiOHT) HHKOJiaeBHHi MafiKOBi. 

KpHTH^eCBlt o^epBi. 

HoAftBHO osonaicfl A. H. MaftKOBi, orapitniit mi» pyocKHX'^ 
noaroBi. Bi 1888 r. npasAHOBajioa 60-jri^THitt nduefi ero jurrepa- 
TypHofi A^TeiBHOOTH, TaKi ^0 oiTb e^Ba He aoshjtb so 60-jriTHflra 
x)6HJD[efl. TaEaa npoAoisHrejaHaa nrepaTypHafl ^'barennocTB ho ^cto 
Bcrpl^aerofl. npHTOMi, ho cMOTpa Ha cbod riydoKyn ciapocxB, A. H. 
MaflKOBi He fipoeajTL nepa, h jifl cs^caro KOHiQk ero shshh BpeMH on 

BpeMOHH nOflBJUUHCB Vb HO^aTH OFO HOBHH IipOHSBeAeHiHy XOTH, KO- 

He^OBio, jiHTepaiypHyi) ero a^^jibhogtb hosho 6wio c^HraTB yace 
AasHo 8aR0HqeHH0ft« Hobuh ero cTHXoTBopeHUi HHoaizcB, dojBmei) 
qaoTBD, Ha paBflHO TopseoTBOHHue ciy^aH h yxe nnqero ne Hom 
npHfiasHTB R'B npio6pi^TeHHoM hhi» penyrai^lH. Hen hosho 6iuo 
cKasaTB, TTO OHB ffasHO yse offfcian Boe, ^ro kofb coBepmnrB, h 
ecjDi BGOTaBH npoHSBOAeHiflX'B ero en^e ne cEasaHo nocitsHee cao- 
BO, TO noTOKy, ^0 8T0 6iurB nncaieiB sooTaxo^HO riy6oBift, shboA h 
MHoroe Hsi Toro, no saipoHyTO vb ero npoHSBeAOHiHX'B, ne yipaiHio 
H Ao cHXi nopi Toro HHiepeoa, RaEOft hh&[0 npn nepsoKi HosBJie- 
hIh Vb ne^aTH. Kohohho, hokoAhhS (hirB HHcaiejiiB ne FeniaiBHHft, 
HO H9B Tixi, Tto cosAaiyrB eaoxy bi iHTopaTypi, ho bo bohkoitb oiy- 

qai BSCOKOXaJiaHTJIHBHfi H OpHrEHaiBHH&, fijIHCTaBmifl OBOHUl C06CTB€fH- 

HmrB, a ne saHMCTBOBaHHUMi cBiioirB. 

A. H. MaflKOBa hphhhto bi nameft raTopaiypi HasHBaiB <nap- 
Haoi^eHi>», BMicT^ ci ^eroMi h IIojeohcrhii'b, ho naaBanie dto ne co- 
BoiirB Touo onpOA'i^erB ero raTepaTypHyx) ^Hsionoidjo. Ecjm hoa'b 
cjioBoiTL «napHaceip»> pasyHlTB HCKjm^iHTejiBHoe yBie^enie ^opKofl, 

BHimHOCTBD, TO OHO HO BHOini IipHHtHHMO Kb aBTOpy «TpeX'b OMOp- 

Tefi». Owb Boersa khofo 8a6oTHACfl o ^opiii, ho a^6eo ne hoejdo- 
qHTOJiBHo: 6ojmnaH ^aexb ero cTEXOTBopenift oth^^^ohh cepBeamiirb 
coAepxanieiTL, ]i,bxo MlcraiiH owb rpiniHrb cKopie pesonepoTBOKi, 
iJbiTb HeAOoraTKOiTB MHcm. CaHaa saCoxa o BHimHocTH, o ^pvt 
HBUJiacB y Hero pesyiBTaTOirB BiicoBaro npoACTaBieHifl o SHaveniH 
HOKyccTBa, a ne yBie^enieirB BHtmHOOTBm. B-b oahoitb cbooitb cth- 



AnouoHi HHEOiASBEqrb vaIkobi. 21: 

l[0TB0p6HiH OWb TSKX MOTEBEpjeTb H606Z0AHM0GTb SafiOTHTBOfl ^Opirt 

upOHSBeAemii: 

Bo8B£nneimafl hkoxb AOoroftHoi xo^en 6poHH; 
BorHEfl cTporaa— eft wjmwb nBOAecxajTB, 
H xpaiTb, H sepTBeHiHsi>, t npa, h BEMBan, 
H nicflH ciaABiii, b boihu 6juiroBOHifl... 

Htui, no ero xflteii)) ^opira BureBaerB ksi coAepsaak, ne- 
o6zojpitfa A2fl zopomaro sHpasesui hkoib. Eqe ptniBTejaflie osl 
sucra8HBa6Toa npoTBBi ^opioi AU ^pMH Bi oiiAynnu^irB AByoiH- 
jbIb: 

^opMH, Hoft Jtpyrbi eoBepmeHOTBo He Boe eme bi ff&rfc 

acRyooTBa: 
^Horafl nycTL HSBHyrpH cBiTHrea vb met wA sjmA. 

Boi noHTi npoHSBeAeHiii MaflsoBa, jifiMe oauHfl jierRiji no BHim- 

HOOTl, OTlli?eHII miQIBI), HBJUDDTOfl WlOJipWb HO CTOX&BO ^BGTBa, 

eRoiLEO pasyiia, no^eMj HepiAso h Kasyroa xoi^wosme. JiHpHKoirb 
ero 0TmpjEb..RemMi- n aD DOTL s bo cBopie x]W)VHHS0M'b-iiH0:Kincfi2eii% k 
Bupasesie <napHaoeip»» HoserB 6iitb onpaBAaso jihxiil rtirb onosoficTBi- 

eMlHOfiieKTHBHOCTLX), KOTOpiIMSIipOHHKHJTil OFO CTEZOTBOpeHifl. IIo Ha- 
Typfc OffL OTBDAB HO npOpOKl>, BB HOITB BiTL cTpoiueHifl criaroiOMi 

mevb oepA^a 2i)Aei», wfsnrb crHs, BirB HaoTpooHifl, Heo6xoAHMaro ^xa 
8Toro, 6oju^iiiaH jifioie qaoib ero npoHSBeAeslfi ho CBflsaHu ci coBpe- 
MeHHocTBi); ho HOJCbafl OBasaTB, ^to6h bb hhxb ho saiporHBaiHCB 

«3JI06U AHfl>. OhB TOJU^KO KaCaiOH dlBXIb c 31061 AHH» no OBOOMJ, 

orapaacB yKasaiB h nattTH ochobzi hxb, to sbiHoe, hsb xoioparo ohA 
HoreKanTB h BoropBorB BUflCHaDTca. 06pan^aaoB sb nodiy, ohb ro- 

BOpBTB BB OAHOHB OTEXOTfiOpesiH, ^TO HOBTB HO JSflJLVieWh pafiCBH 

cAnoi^di,Th sa bIromb, KOTopuft sardaraHH oboS cBepmaeiB njTb. 

HiTB: MBieiB^^TBoa nycTB spiexB h paoierB, 
JiHniB BB Bi^Hoe BopaaMH yrjiyCjiflacB, 

n ropHSOHTB OBOft mHpHTB, B08BIiniaaCB, 

HaA> ypoBHeuB MHMoClryn^axB boab^.. 

Ho 6iAA BB TOUB, ^TO JOrKO MOSHO SB B^THOe npHBHTB BpeKOH- 

Hoe H npexoAan^ee. Kb cosajr&Hix), HejEBsa csaaaTB, ^to6u MbAbobb 
fiiUB BB WOMB oTHonieHiH 6e3ynpeTOBB. Ohb He ^sab Chjtb ho 
TOiiBRo oiim60RB, HO A^URO yBJieqemfl, a oahhb rphthrb coBopmeHHO 

HOB'^pHO nHCaiB HOMB, 6yAT0 OHB HO MiHHJIGa BB Te^oHle CBOeft 

AOJBTOfi JiHTepaTypHofi A^xejiBHOOTE. EcjiH 8TH HepeMiHH, npH ^reniH 
ero npoHBBeAeHifi, ne CpocaiOTca pi8R0 bb riaaa, to noTony, hto xy- 
AosecTBeHHufi BRycB H cnoRofiHHi xapaRTepi* aBTopa ovar^aBOTB 
BCBRia pisRia oiepraHia. Tbwb ho Meale, BriaA^BniHCB npaoTaiBlo 
BB npoHSBOAeHia Ma&ROBa, mosho BHA'bTB totb rjiyCoRift HpaBOTBen- 
soSl nepeaopoTB, RoropHfi ooBepniHJiGa bb HeaB bb Te^enie ero aojdl- 
roft AHTopaTypHoft a'^^^^bhocth. K oabb-jih btotb nepoBOpOTB npa- 



\ 



^2 JPyCGWE 9PrATGTB0. 

6i9pjii ero OTb ppej^ewaro .il'b Bi^soHj, xaKi aro sasaiocB 9117 
oaMOMy. 

0;(HO HOXHO cRasaTB, qTO HeHSM'&HHOtt oorajtacb caHaa ocsoBa 
ero HaTypii, He OMorpfl Ha "rt nepeiiiHU, KoropuH npoHcxoxHU bo 
BHiniEOCTH ero BsrjiflAOB'B h ero TBop^eoTBa. Mosho OKaaaiB aasko^ 
6ojn»me, qTo Bci bth BHtmHiH nepeniHii 6han oAjcioBAeHH caicoft 
HaTjpoft ero, ^0 aa^aTBH hxi mosho BH^irB yse bi nepsuxi ero, 
noHTH VHomecsHxi npoHaBeAOHiax'B. Q^ijiuo namero o^epEa hh HifeHHo 
H CTaBVM'L jK9Wth iiif|BHiifl ooHOBH ^axypu H TainHTa noKoibiaro 
Hoaia, o67oioBHBinui to padBitxie hx'b, ROTOipoe Moamo hpocjt&ahtb 3*^ 
ero npoHSBeAOHum. HairB xasoTCH, tfo aa^ia^a era BHrepecna h crb 
o6H(ecTBeHHoSy h n ncHzojiorHiecsoft to'tkh spiHia, s mh 6jjifiWb a(h 
BoiBBzi, ,eaH HavL zoTfl oT^acTH jxacTCfl paspiniHTB ee. 

Mil csasaiH, ^oBupaseiie cnapnaoei^'B^ He bq[Ojih$ to«o onpe- 
xiwen jiHTepaTjpHyx) ^HsioHOMiK) MaflKOBa. Tiwb He iioHie naasa- 
Hie MaflKOBa napHaci^eirB HHiJio HiEoiopoe ooHOBanie, Tasi saK's 
jLjunvMz ero npoHSBeAeHiHHH ocTaDToii Tasi HasuBaemifl «aHTOxorH- 
^eoK|fl», HanHcaHHVfl Ha mothbu AP^BHe-rpe^ecRot h jtpeBHe-pHMCKoft 
no83iH. KaRi phabmi jiBJCbme^ ohh ocTaiOTCH JiynnjEHH noTony, qTo 
bhoihA oooTB^TCTBOBaiH Haiypi noBTa. Kor^a no^BEJiHOB b-b neqaiH 
erg uepBiia aEioJOiorHiiecRia GTHxoTBOpeBia, BtAHHCRifi nacajrb*. ccrojibeo 
aiUHCRaro h anro^orH^ecRaro Bi ero cTHXOTBopeHiflxi>; jsufioe hsi 
Bjsxb MOSHO nepoBecTH ox pyooRaro na ^ysoS hssiri, RaRi rpe?e- 
oRoe, H TOJC&Ko 6u HepeBOA> 6un m3san,ewh n xy;|[02KecTBeHx, hhrto 
He 6yAerB cnopHiB rpe^eoKoirB npoHOxoxAOBiH nBecH... SjijiHHCRoe 
cosepi^aHie oocTaBiaeTB ocnoBHoft aieiceHrb Tajaaia MafiRosa: ohx 
cuoTpnTb Ha SH3HB FiaaaMH rpoRa h Hnaue ne yHioTB na nee cho- 

TpiTL>. Bl JS$JVOU% MiCTi BijHHGRii rOBOpHTB, ^0 aHTOiorH^ecRifl 

oTHXOTBopeHia MaflROBa ne ycTyiiaH)rb TaROBUMx se IlymRRHa. 

Cx ThTb nopx, RaRi B'&iHHCRit HHoajix aTH cipoRH, nponiJio yse 
lUTBAecflTb ffbTB, KOTopufl GjiaronoAyuo upoaam OTHXOTBopeaifl MaM- 
ROBa, ooTaBaHCb TaRHHH se cBtanuH h dhumh, KaRi npn obooitb 

nOHBieHiH. SHaMOHHTilft RpHTHRX HO OmHdOfl B1> Ol^R^ EXh H OlOHB 

yxa^HO yRasaix na ohocoChoctb MaftROBa bxoahti bi ^jtl h xapan- 
TepB ^ysAott noaaiH. ^iftoTBETejiEBHO, noarL vb araxi cTHXOTBopeQiflxx 
TaRx npoHHRca aHTH^tHHifB AT^oifb, qro HioTaMH .owh AMKe 6QiDune 

rpORX HIH pHlUHHHHL, ^iWb CaHH pHMJIflHe H PpeRH. B08I»M6Mlr, Haap., 

oiHXOTBopeHie <nipu>. Ha apeni x[HpKa pafi^ii oTAaniOfl na paciep- 
same xeh^oixx aBipefi. Ha bth Hrps c% ysacoMx h OTEpaD^HieicB 

OMOTpHTL MOAOAOft aOHBPiHEE'B, HOTOIcy ?T0 OWb HpHBIIRl pyROHjeC- 
KaiB TOJURO cCTpOftHUMli IHpil BBJRaiTB, OAHHlfb Spai^lTb HCRyCCTBX^ 
Ite BOHXfllTB H H6 UyRaiTB^. MOHAy tbWb CTapHRVpHMIHHHH'B OHOT- 

HTX Ha 8T0 yBeoeROHie ci yAOBOJiBCTBieirB, roBopa aoEHgHRHy: 

S. pa;^:E TOMy, tto ecTB 

En^e B% cepxnaxi Tojmu cbo6ojui roiocb— necTB: 

EpocaioTca pa6u y HacB na pacrtepaaHbe— 



AnOJUOH'B SHKOlAHBH^l MAfiROBl. 23 

Pa6aii'& CMepT^ pa^cEaji! CofiaiBn cMepxb padani! 

^TO TOJDCy Bl XnSHH EX't— npHBUSHyBmHX'B fi'b njhnsM'b? 

AoctoShh Hxi OHH, AOCTofiHU nopyraH^fl! 

ABToptk on 06(Sfl He roBopBn HHiero, ohi nepeAaerB iamb ^b- 
cTsa pHiuflxua, Korapmi Tas'b oTJranHH on t^bctbi Jo^Aeft ooBpe- 
MenniX'B. JPHMOKie paSu 6Hjm pafiau He no Ajxy, a BcilA^TBie Ha- 

OHJOH, H iqpHOTiaHCKOe ^JBOTBO He MOSen ho BOBHymaTBOfl 8TH]fb 

BoarAacoMt: <rope no6toAeHHHHiI> flo MafiEOBi ocxaeicH coBcini 
Fb cTopoHi on Toro, mo BHCKasKBaen phmahhhh'b, ohi» Bupasaen 
juuHB ero BBrjuflAi, ero HjBCTBa, BosxepsHBaacb on BCHKaro BHpa- 
xeHiH cBoero mhAhui, ffixe osopie cb co^jBCTBieirb, liwb ci ocys- 

EiE^e flp^e 8T0 npoHHKHOBeHie uaooH^eeRHifB HaoxpoeHieH'B bei- 
pasaeTCH vb HbEOTopuxi jedOobhzix'b CTHxoTBopeHiflX'b MaftKOBa. XpH- 
eriaHCTBo, BvioTi cb yBaseHieMi e^ ^eiOBi^ecKoft jkh^hooth, na 
xasoi 6u oxyneHH OHa hh croaia, pasBuo bi» naoi^ cthajihboctb no 
OTHomeHin k'b njioTosoft shseh ^eJioBiica. dra nzoTOKaa sh3hb BnoJinb 
npHSHaBaiacB uaccHqecsflVB qeiOBiusoMi, BOTopHft noKJOHfljcfl npe- 
HMjniecTBeHHO Kpacorl He AyineBHoft, a i^JiecHofif pejrarifl xoToparo 
He BauD^aia bi ce6i nHKaKHxi* saAaTKOBi acKeiHSMa (RpoKi pasBi 
nyjiEBTa Becrti). ToHepi bi «OAHccei> paacKasHBaerB, Hanp., cl ipo- 
raTeiBHott naHBHOCTBlD, Kasi BipmiS OAHCcefi HacjrasAaJicfl jii)6obbk> 
CB Kannco. TaBHMi» orcyTCTBieM'B BCHKaro ^HroBaro jmcTsa otjih- 
^u^ercfl, nanp., h ornxOTBopeHie MafooBa: «AHaBpeoHi> h CRyjBnropB^. 
AnaBpeoHi^ pascKaTpHBaa npoHSBeAenie OEyjiBnTopa, Haxo^Hn bi 
Hem ?epTH pasHHX'B cbohxi j[K)5obhhi^'b. 

Fopmi^, HaHHOK) BCKOpHieHHIIX'By 

KynnAOHOMi npnnaceHHHX'B 
Mni, KaKi 6aiOBHK> ero! 
A Ob Kpacon hxi noKprnajio, 
MHJCHft ApyrBy Hf ynaAaio, 
SfiaiD fl, HH AJUL Korol 

n OHB BcnoMHHaen pasHua noApo6HooTH hxi» KpacoTu, nanp. 

«OHHHH BOIHHCTOOTB 61JI0fi>, H Vb KOMJl^ K0Hn;0FB rOBOpon, ?T0, Bi- 
POHTHO, XyAOSHHKH, KaK'B 6orH, BXOAan Vb SeBCOBH qepTOFH — 

n ^Hiafl MHCuiB ero, 

BHAan B'b Bi^HurB HAoaiaxi 

TO^ ^TO CMep^^HUITB B'B JifiJUaib MaJOIX'B 

OrKpuBaete (SosecTBo. 

Mhcjib Bipnaa, ho ^opna, Vb RaKofi ona Bupaxena, Moxen vb 
HaoTOflntee BpeMH moRHpoBaTB hhofhxi. B'b tomi se poAi cthxotbo- 
poHle <Aona8iH», bi ROTopoMi BHaHeHHTaa RypTHsaHRa, Bj[K)6j[eHHaH 
VB DHomy. crapaeTOfl choodhthoctb ero ex CxaxencTBy npiy^BTB*. 



24 PyCGKOS BOFATCTBO. 

CTHxoTBopeHifl viJL, laEi HeoomoHBU 01 'Awby iTo MH ouraeiTL te- 
nepB HpaBCTBeHHHirB, npHBon jifiMe fb HeroffOBasie Opeora Msixepa 
(cm. ero cTaiBD o MaftsoBi), s owb ooBiTOBan nosTj BH6poQHTb wrh 
H8i oo6paHifl ero npoHSBOAemfi. ^o Hixoiopot cieneHH owb, nosa- 
xytt, 6njrb npasi. ^jbctbo dCTOTB^eoKoe oBasaHo OT^aon n HpaB- 
OTBOHHiiirB H, Hanp., OTHDAB HO HOSOTB B036yaBAaTB aoTeTOTeosara 

^BOTBa AHaKpeOHB CpOAH KpaoaBHI](B B1^ CTHXOTBOpesiH MafixoBa. . 

Jl^pflxjud, nBflHuft, BecB paa6HTHi, 
^epenib posami soKpimifi— 

^dbH'b HHl rOIOBil BCSpySHI'B? 

A offib HaMib xopoiTb iri^H, 
%o i]d6htb mh He jwbjoi, 
Sas^b sorxa-To ohi ito6Rxiu,. 

Ham Kaserodi, tto b'b aioirb cjEjqai MaisoBB, bi norosi sa 

aHTH^HOCTBH), XBaTaOTB H'bOSOJIBRO TOp68B Kpaft, XBXfleTOa 6oJU^nie 

auHHoirb, ^im> rpexH. BxoAfl bb ajxi, Bib HaoTpoeme APOBsaro rpesa^ 
orptmaflCB on ycjioBit TonepemHefi HpaBOTBeHHooTH, osl, Ham Ka« 
aserca, 66peTB H^KOTopiifli ^epiH yna^Ka, a He cjh^hoctb rpeiecKaro 
Mipooosepi^aHiH. TpeKH 6uaL (iojn»niie acieTHKH h noHmiaiH, ^to hb- 
iHmecTBO HapymaeTB rapHOHiD, cocraBJUiDntyK) Heo6xoAnHoe ycJiOBie 
spacoTH, H ropa8j(o 6ju[se Vb hemb MaftsoBi, Kor^a roBopin dho- 
maxik Bi «EaHeflX'B»: 

MjAPHt MheTb Clf CailOGOSHaHBeH'B, 
n Ha CBi^Tl, H 060HAHBeMl 
OH'^BILerb OH'b BHHO. 
Oh%, TepflA THXO TpeSBOCTB, 

Mhcjlh BiecK'b AaeTi h p^sboctb, 
yMHiHexcfl Aymod, 

H Bjai"]^ CTpaCTLIO, rHi^BOM'B, 

Cxapi^aM'B HUJTb, npufxeH'b ^^d^BaHi 
H— AOBOieHi caH'b co6oft. 

Sau^THHiy iTO mi 8;i:]toL 6epe]irB otphbkh othd^b He hbb j^^- 
muxb aHTCJiorHqecKHXi OTHXoTBopeHifi MafiKOBa. JEy^inifl, KasoBii: <Ha 

MUCi caH'b AHE01fX>, «nOR7GCTBO>, «ORTaBa> H JIfi., AOCTaTO^HO HBBtOT- 

HU, qTo6u HXB HysHO 6ujio OTMiqaTB. Ms xoT^H JiHinB yEasaiB, 
^TO flfioae HdJiHineGTBa MaiKOBa npoHCTOKanTB hsb crpenjieEifl boSth 
vh AyxB Kj[aocH?ecEaro uipa, oTpimnrLCH OTb coBpeMeHHOCTH. Owl npn- 
CTynasTB ei H3o6paseHiH) sjiacoH^ecEaro nipa, saKi nafijiioj^aTeirB, KaEB 
apxeojrorb^npoHHEaacB hjih cxapaaoB upoHHEHyTBCH ero Kipooosepi^aHi- 
eMi, He BHOGHB'BCBoe H3o6paseHie EB^ero cy6i>eETQBHaro. Tasi ace ovb 
nocTynaeiTB h wb cbohxb HOBorpe^eoKHX'B, oepdcEHXi ntcHflxx, vb cbo- 
jLTb opeAHesiEOBHX'B 6aj[JEaAaxi>, bi cbohxb cEaHAHHaBCEHxi npoH3Be;i[e- 
Hiflxi (oBajiBjiypi, EpHHrHJiBAi}, xoth ho BesAi eny yAaoTca Tasi» boAth 
B'B j^yxi qysAaro Hipocosepi^aHiH, saE'B bb aHTOxorH^ecEHTB crnxoxBope- 
HiaxB. r. MepessoBCEiH cnpaBe^iCHBo roBopnxB o hohb bb oBoefl BHRrb 
(cO npH^EHaxB yna^Ea h o hobhxb xe^eHiflXB coBpeMOHHoS pyccBoft 
j[Hxepaxypu»): c^yjioBHii^Hue o6pa3u cteepEHxi osaiBAOBi npio6pir. 



AJLOJaOVh HEKOIAESSVB UlAsOVb. 25 

^TttDTL jMaftxoBa HSfflqecTBO, 6i6CKb h npocrory roKepoBOxaro anooa. 
€ep6oKifl ■ HOBo-rpe^eoiifl iiicHH 6nx6 k% iHTHHHoiiy mpocosep- 
itaHin, H oHi j^faDTOfl noaiy ropas^o ly^me. Ho nyOoKlft MHon- 
ipsn nepBHTB xpHcriaHi, laRse usib hobhtb oiBepHUxi HapoAOVB, 
oeraxoa MahcoBy mv&n qyanHMi h HeAocryuHiurb*. 

OqeBB^Ho, He oiy^afiHO HatKOsi Ha^an cbod jrarepaTypHyi) 
j^BieuHOCTB 01 noaslH aHTOiornecsofi, a noToxyi mo OHa tfonme 
oooTBiTOTBOBaia ero ToiinepaMeHTy. Owh ooraBaxca co6oTBeHflO uao- 
•CHKon no HacipoeHiD jsfixe h Tor^a (ito nposBUOOB otucth yse h 
wb nepBHTB ero npoHSBeAeHiflx^X Kor^a jiioirB tuxh o^eHb jsfiiez'b 
OTB uaooHHeoKaro idpoooaepiiaHUi h osopie nopsi^acb ero, ^iirb 
upHSHaBaii. Aa. FpHropLeB'B, Hanp., roBopui o Hems ^ro OHib 
^eioMojtto- Kagoft-TO ofaaawBocmt pHcyen Hxeaui ju^aaasom. n 
iuacoHHecKie, Hoea b% jsjjiA ooBepmeEHo .HHue». A^o b% tomi, hto 
xiacoHiecKoe idpooosepitaHie 6wio Boer^a 6xHse ero ^ipeiBy, ero 
fiaorpoeHii), ^dm'L xpHOTiaHCRoe npeAoraBieme o KpaooTfi, ^eiiy cno- 
eofioiBOBaiH H o6oTOflTexBOTBa ero in^Hoft shskh. Kasi HSBicTHO, owb 
4iiJFb oiiH'B xyAoamHKa h oairb roiOBucH oraib SHBOHHOi^eirb, tto 
-caMo ho ce6i npexpaonoiosHjio ero hi nxacTHTOGKOMy noHHMami) 
KpaooTH. npHTOiTb uo^TH BOfl OFO SH8HL npoTeKaia Bi o^opi HCKyc- 
^TTBa, c^aoTUBO H 6e8o6jiaHHo, ho^th 6031 bchkhxi AymeBHHxi 6ypB. 

He Bce H BB uaccH^ecKoft sh3He 6iuo OAHHaKOBo AOOTynHO Ha- 
meHy noery. Bojcbme Boero oHa fiiua Aocryiraa eiiy bi cnoKOftHOirb, 
rnxb cKaaaib, OTaTH«[6CK0]rb oocroHHiH, hto oiunB-TaKE BHTemo hbi 
ero HaTypH. B'b oraTH^eoKOirb oooroaHiH Bnoni npoflBxaeroH HxeaJTB 
BHimHeft KpacoTH, ROTopufi HOEasaerofl 3% oooroiiHiH nepexoAHOirb, 
B'b BoneHiH, BUABHrann^eiTB na ci^eHy Kpaoory AynieBHyD. TparHieo- 
saa OTopoHa shbhh apobhhxx rpoKOBi h pHmflHi hotth ne Hanua 
nooTOiiy BEipaxoHiH y MaftsoBa. 9io noji^iArwrb emfi h BlxHHCKifti 
soTopHft, BocxBaiaa oTHxoTBopeHifl MafiKOBa, nnoajTB: €Totb ho ho- 
hhh 6ii Haci, kto saxorbji 6h BEjs/bth bi aHTOxorH^ecsEX'L othxo- 
^TBopeHiflXB MafixoBa noiHoe BBipaxesie AP^BHeS nod8iH his noxHoe 
BiipasoHle axeiieHTOBi sh3hz ApeBHHX'B, BiaccH^eoKaro xyxa. Fapiio- 
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AHOJIIOHI* SHKOJABBH^'b MAfiROFB. 27 

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▲nOUOH'L HHKOJIAEBH^ MAftKOBl. 29 

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AHOUOffb HHKOJrAEBH^l MASKOVB. 31 

HE pjccKyE) o6]i(6CTBeHHyi) SH8HB sftoiaBuo MailKaBa vkame hoboS 
SH8HH npH HftcrynjieHiH i^ipoTBOBUiifl HMnepaiopa AxesoaHApa II. 
Owb nomejTB Bciiji^ sa vmth BisHieirb (a h6 snepeAi) h npHsiT- 
<rrBOBarb ero oTHxotBopeHieirL: 

Bacyxa!... Bosxyrb ciihti h He6eca uoji^^t'b... 
H apijKE aoioBuxi 6e3MOJ[BeHi rpycTHuft pAX%... 
Ti ap<|ni— 8T0 BH, n'&BI^I xoed otthshs! 
To odpaax Banmx's xyMi, HcnojiHeHHiJX'b tocsoA, 
Me^Toft 8ao6xa'n[ofi H.rpycTHoft ysopHSHofit 
MonaTi oh:6, xojnaTb, saxi ap(^H, b^b dTOTr& SHod. 
Ho ecj[H-((i XHMO Hxi npoM^uacA BHxpeirb remft 
E SHSHH Ayx'b naxHyn B'h poxnod CToponi^— 
Ha BCTpi^qy bobux^b chu h hobhx'l OTspoBemft - 

JiaXMME-&h SByxaMH OTBJEHKHyjIHCB OH^t 

XapaKTopHO, ?To cTflxoxBopeHie bto 6£uo HanicaHO vb to Bpeiuf, 
Kor^a yse €sh8HH jijTb naxHyjTB bi poahmoS OTOpoHi». HediMtoJiro 
nepeiTB liirb nodTB ho santaajTB BaoyxH k H8Aajnb a^uko o6opsHK'b 
<STiixoTBopesift: cHa 1854 roA'B», b% KOTopHX'B BHcrynHJTb ci HAeflMH, 

no BffbnHOOTH OiaBflHO^EXBCSHlIH, BO KOTOpHfl, B-B Cjn^OOTH, 90BCe 
He OJiaBflHO^HIBCKifl H KOTOpUfl BnOCJTfcACTBiH OKOBiUTeiLHO BOOTOp- 

secTBOBaiH vh Aynii ero. Mosho 0Ka8aTB« ^lo bi kjuA MattBOBa 
^ojroe Bpeiffl 6opoiHOB ^Ba HanpaBiesui, aoaa oaho hsi hexi ho 
BocTopsecTBOBajo, xoTfl, jijmBieTea. Ham, no6iA& ero 6£U[a jse npex- 
pimeHa sapaHle Haiypofi noaia. Bi bthxi oTExoTBopeHiflx^, hEa 
1854 r.», MafiKOBi roBopHTi, oorjiaoHO n cxaBflHO^HiaiiH: 

nopa safiiiTB HaBim uue, 
nopa H HawB rxasa otkpstb 
n nepecTaiB ysi o PoccIh 
Ob qysoro rojroca tb6pxhtb. 

n jifixbme MatKOBi BooxBauerB Poodv, Kara BooxBaion ee h 
<»aBflHO$HJQi. Ho pasHHi^a bb toitb, ^to oxaBflHO(|)HjiH roBopsn aro 
o PoociH, KaKi rooyAapcTBi bobmoshoitb, o 6jjsjmfii Poocis, coBpe- 
MeHHOfi se 6uxH o^ohb HeAOBonHU h pi8K0 nopHi^aJH ee. MaftsoBB, 

HaapOTHB'B, HHCaJTB: 

n nyoTB OHa e^e pedenora, 
Ho Easi TxofliBTb yse yimo! 
En^e ^TB Bumn isi nexeHORB, 

Ho CKOXBKO eK) 008AaH0l 

XoMHROB'B roBopHn, HTO Poccifl He cosxajia jifiMe u loimeiOBKH 
8 HHoaxi 061 dToiTB €pe6eHKi», ^m Ha nero «yBU, lara HHoro rpi- 
xoBi TsmeiUTb Haierjioli^ Oco6eHHO se ho Hom 6bitb xoboxbk 
oiaBflHO^Hiu BpeMeneMB csacyxH*, Kor^a aoxoBuu'B ap^aiTB ot^hshh 
HpHxoAHXooB MojraaTB; HO MafeoBi rpoMiiTB Ha oBoei aoxoBot ap$i, 

H IIHCaXB CBOeiTB CTHXi: 



32 P70GK0B BOFATCTBO. 

Bi Hem 6jiemffrb Hxearb PocciB kojioxoA, 

KOTOpilfl CBiTHTB ESJn BOXKTeJIBHOfl SBtSAOt, 

ToTB ropAHl HAeaiii, Koropntt, OKpBUflA 
JbofioBin HanTB at^'b vb roAHHj ropBKHX'B 6ijn>, 
Bee oeflsaTexBHift h ap^e Tpn^iiaTB xbn 
Ooyu^eeTBifleTcfl nojii eKHiiTpoM'B HHBOJKaal 

Go6ht]ji BOCTo^Hoft boIhh aoHo noKasaxH oanootfoxBiiiteHie laKEXs 
naxpioTOBi, KasHirB BHCTynajTB MatKOBi vb vnofb CTHxaiBo- 
peHiflxi, H eBoero o6opHHsa <Ha 1854 r.> oitb He nepene^aruDBai^ 
Fb oodpaHiH CBOHTL opoHSBeAemtt, sa Hcun^eHieHi oahofo <Riep- 
MOHTeKaro eo6opa». H btj uoaiiEy MafisoBi Ao^roe Bpena nepene^a- 
THBan 6e8i saium^eHui, bi kotopoitb roBopHJTB, ^rro ku oHSAem^ 
xpavL, en^e HeBiAOMiift BiKan*, — noKa He cxepxHCB Bae^auri^HiA 

BOCTO^ULOft BOtHH H OA'bJiaJEOCB CHOBa B03M0SH0 FOBOpHTB TOUl, ^TO 

... MOseTb 6htb, BpaiH npexBHXfl'n, 
Hto HSt PocciH zej^smoSi 
Eme HBBHAaHHoe ^uij^erb 
FuraHTOB'E n.ieHH kt^ hhm'b rposofl, 
FHraHTOB'B Cb HCHaCUTHOfi iftasAofi 
EescHepTBfl, cjebh h Ao6pa, 
rHraBTOBi— Kan's HX'b idpi oxEamm 
dpii^b Bi ^yxHOMi o6pa3t Ileipa... 

B^ nocjAAHeM'B HSAaniH upoHSBeAeHift MaBKOBa 8Ta nodMBa noH- 
BHJiacB CHOBa vb no;iHoiii» bba^, noToxy, 6iitb hosotb, ?to y hbcb^ 
CHOBa cTajTB nonyupeHB 0Aeajii»y Koropuft hochxca nepcA'B nosToirB 
B-B 1853 r. Bi 60-ue ro^H jodah OTpeMHiHCB e% HHOny HAeaiy h obitb^ 
MaftKOBi 6az'b yBJie^eHi bthhi cTpeiueHieM'B. 3to 6ujio ly^inee Bpeiui 
ero TBop^ecTBa, BpeMH, scrAa ero nodTHHocKui chjeh npniniH EaKi» 6u 
Bi noiiHoe paBHOBtcie. Ohb npHBiTCTBOBaxi ocBotfoxAenie KpecTBasi^ 
OTHXOTBopeHiflifH: «KapTHHKa», <TpoiEa», ohb BHCBaauBajTB vb aia 
Bpevfl mHpoKie, ^SA^e BCHEoft HCKjno^HrejnbnooTH BaruAu b^ Ta- 
KHxi cinxoTBopeHiaxi, ebki «npEroBopi>, cCaBaHapoua*, cry- 
ojuipx> H APF* Bi 8T0 xe BpeMH ovB HanHcaiB h Jiyqinee cBoe npo- 
HSBeABHie' tTpH CKepini, a TaEse €j[K)i];ifl>y EOToparo Bnooxi^ACTBiH 
noABeprB nepepafioTsi, npHBHae'B neyAaisiui'L, ho KOTopufi nocjri 
dToro, yjny^niHBniHGB no BHimHOOTH, cxajrB xyse no A7s:y. Oh'b cxa- 
BHJTB ce6^ Bi dTO BpeHfl saAa^eli (cm. cTHXOTBopeHie «IItBei](%>) yMH- 
poTBopflTB crpacTH, HanpaBJtflfl JooAefi E'b nporpeocy b 6Aary. 

K'B cosajiiHiK), 8T0 paBHOBicie AyxoBHoe npoAOJisajiocB y MaftROBa- 
He AOiro. Caopo ofin^ecTBeHHua co6fiiTifl paspymnjH ero, xaBi Vb AJini^ 
noaxa nepeBicB t^itb CTOponairB ero naTypiz, eotophh ho tulotjol 
6htb yHETTOzeHU ero ofiii^eoTfieHHUM'B ysjie^eBieMi. Ha^aion hobo- 

pOTa MafiEOBa E1» TbUl BSFJUIAaMl, EOTOpiie BHpaSHJEHCB Bl c6opHHBt 

<Ha 1854 r.», nocjiyxHJio noABCEoe BoscTanie. Bi cTHXOTBopeHiflXiK 
tSanaAHafl PycB> h «Kh. ;i;pynEoiiy-CoEOJiBHHHKOMy», MailE0B^ oia- 



AnOJIAOVB JtSOLOJiASBlPVb HAfiEOBl. 33 

paicfl en^e jj^epsaTBOH na <xj[oncKoS» TO^Kfi^ spiaifl, ho oaa 6uji[a Ha- 
^jioirb nepeBopora vb ero jGisAemarB. Oh STiirb nopi ovb Bce 60- 
sbd H 6aiJto jTBepa^jcajiGfl vb BOdspiniAX^, soTopziH r. CKa6H^eBCRifi 
vh CBoet EHHrt HOB^ftmeft pycoKoS jnrrepaTjpi ho coBcixi npa- 
BEiBHO Ha8iiBaeTB <ciaBflHO$Hjn»eRo-noiBeHmiMH». HairB jcasRerQii, 
^0 Bsrjugpi MaftBioBa csopie npoTHBOsojiosHH ojiaBiiHO^iUBOKHirB; 
HTO xe Kaoaerca HaHHesoBaHifl btl no^BOHHUMH, to onanrTaKH co- 
miBaeHCfl, htg6b[ oho 6iijlo acho. IIo^eHHHROirB 6iurb AaposHTfift, 

MaiO OI^SeHHIlt EpHTHBl An. rpHropBOB'B, ho CXOAHXCfl 01 HHlfb Maft- 

SOB'B pasBi TOJTBKO Bi nopiOA^ cBoero radepaiBHaro yBxe^eHifl. Hi- 
oxoxBKO Coiame owb cxoAHJiOfl cb ^ooroeBCSHH^, ho naTB^TaRH mosai 

HHMH 6H20 H MHOFO paSiffllifi. ECJDB CTb kAmI OHB CXOJUUCH BHOISb, 
to pa8Bi n KaTKOBHirB, K'B SOTOpOUy OHl CTaJTB, nOBHAHHOMy, OTHO- 

CHTBOfl 0% diaroroBJ^eiTb... 

Rasi H ciaBflHo^HiH, MaftEOBi npoTHBonocTaBJcajTB Poccix) Sana^y, 
HO HpoTHBonocraBiflJCB HHa^e-^RaE'B rposHyn HaTepiajiBHyx) cHiy, h 

^aCTO BOCXfiaJULTB Wb Heft TO, TTO CJiaBflHO^HJEK cqHTajiH <rptxoMi> 

OH. HdBicTHo^ iTO cjTaBflHO^HJTH A^HJ[H Poccix) Ha seMH^HHy H rocy- 
WpcTBo H cHHTaiH, ^0 CB IleTpa BeiHBaro HapymHAoa cod3x MesAT 
amcH AByMfl odJiac^HMH pyccKOft shshh. fi^xa MaftKosa raKoro ji^ 
JieniH HiTB, semmHa ava nero Hc^osaetB b% rocyAapoTBi, h ohb crb 
6iaroroBiHieHT> othoghtch ki naHHTH Ilerpa BejiHKaro. Maio Toro, 
OVB OTHocHiGH OB 6j[aroroB'fcHieM'B H K'B loanny rposHOxy, koToparo 
eaiTB se, vb xjmmA nepiOAi CBoero nHcaTeiBCTBa (bi CTHxoTBOpeHiH: 

«ynpa3AHeHHHft MOHaCTHpB»), 06pHC0Bail» TaEB: 

KyOTB OHB MUCJIB — KaK'B 6u CIUEOTHTB 
BCD PyCB B-B OAHO, ^o&b HH^iero 
He cmI^jto bb nefi jiumaTB h shtb 
Eesi HSBOJienifl ero... 

TenepB ohi OTaix 8to onpaBAEiBaTB TivB, mo loaHHB yrBepxHTB 
Vb HapoAi BlpoBanie, ^to «BorB hitb y^e^Hn n^apfl vb hcxoai 

. OTB THSRHXl 6^^^^ ^TO I^apB, JTHHIB JSjtb CyAHMHtt, H SpHTB XEHIB 

\ na Hero, napoAy cy^B TBopfl». Bi ciHxoTBopeHiH, nocBm^eHHOiTB 
loanny TpoBHOMy (bx 1887 r.), ohi fobophtb otb iHi^a ero: 

HaB'&BH xyxom Pycb cb i^apeM^ cbohitb cjcBizcbl 
Jl^al— itapcTBO Bame— Tpy^i, CBepineHHHft loaHHOMB, 
TpyxBy BucTpaxaHHHfi hhb, bb 6opeHLH neycTaHHOM'B. 
EL nauflxyHTe bh: Bce to, hto CTpoHii ohb, — 
Ohb CTpoBJB Ha B'Jbfia! Tx^ bsbbjeb ao hoiobhhh, 
r^^ yKasaiB nyTH... n Tpy^B 6uj['bxoBepnieHB 
JIhuib noxBHroMi IleTpa, yvoxi^ ERaTcpEHH... 

TaEB EasB orpaHHHifB HBjrfleTOH TaEoe yTBepsAeme no OTHomeHiD 
El FposHoiiy, TO MaftEOBi cTapaeToa nafipocHTB coHsiHie ^ase na 

. XO0TOBipHOCTB HCTOpH^eCEHXB HOM'B ^aHHHXB, rOBOpfl, ITO UJlWTb 

Hapo^a HBAB rpo6oMi loaHHa «bb Binaxx BOTn^e ne npona^eTB h 

M 4. Ot««i% n. 3 



34 P7CCK0B BOrAlCIBO* 

6yjsfiTb rpoM^e ohi, ^Au^> htoTb lOEirb noAseuHHH ooflpoKoi ueaerH 
s 3J[o6ii flH08eMKot». Bi «Pa8CRa8ax'B vn pyocKoft HCTopiE>, Hanoas- 
wEOi'b Au A^ToS H HapoAa, owb ouflT^Taiui npociaBuen loaHHa 
FpoBHaro, roBopa, nro Boe npH Hen cOBepmoHfloe <6hj[o saffyxaHo 
Tas:b My^po, ^to ho HapymajiocB bo Boi nociiAyDii^ifl cMyTHiia spe* 
MeHa». Owb 8a6KiBaeTb hu crapaeioa sa^Hib, ^ro bi cvyTEHflBpe- 
Mena e^Ba He nonifijio Boe roeyAapoiBO, — h 8to, ao HSBtoTHofl ere- 
neHH, 6iuo Tose jsjbMowb loaHHa. H eon wb canoirb j^ii MHoroe 
noGjAAyDH^ee b^ pyocKoft HoropiH nojiyHHJio sopenB bi i^kpoTBOBaiie 
loaHHa^ TO Ha hjioau otb btofo KopHa He 6e3i ooHOBanifl HaniMtuH 
oiaBflHo^HJUi, yKasuBaa Ha aoAaBJieHie aevoKaro BJiexeHTa oopHv- 
HULO&i ROTopyn oaiTB loaHHB peKOMeHAOBaii noroMKami, roBopH, 
^0 €Bi Hefi o6pa8ei^ yuHeni roroBii. RcTaiH cKadaxb, cPaacsassi 
H8i pyccsofl HCTopiH> Ma&KOBa roBopan nmb o poort Haiepiaja- 
HOll CHIil PocoiH. 

HaH6oite RpynHiurb npoHSBeAeHieiiii eroro nepiOAa nHoaTencTBa 
MaftKOBa flBuercfl noaiia «KHflaiSHa», wb Koropol owb orapaerca 06- 

pHOOBaXB OOHOBH POOOIH, KaKl OHB ETb HOHHlian. OffB pHCyeTB Vb 

no8ii& KHany, soropaa noJiyqExa BoonHTanie h loesb sa rpaHHi^et, 
Bo ^panqiH, ho bo Bpeiia KpiDKXBoft boIhu apoaBHia (Soiunoft 
naTpioTESwb h yxaaoiBaxa sa paHenHMH, mki oecipa naiooepAia. 
«noAi» 6paHHoft joinib rposoi), roBoparL noan no OTOHy noBOAy, 
craHOBHinBoa th, Pycb, oaMa co6oi>» y RHasau ecTB aesaROHHaa 
X0%, ROTopaa A^aerca aarHJiHOTRoft, yxoAan on MaiepH h aartiti 
ocopHToa ci» Hen a aoboahti ee ao oicepTH^ Haxo npHsaani ^to 
no9rb pacyerb ary HaraaacTRy (Sesi BcaRot 8J[o6h, xoia c^araerb 
ea HAea aaB&raHHVH ci Sans^a, Raai a npesHia cRaraaia no 3a- 
rpaaai^aiTB Raaxaii, saoraBiaa oAaoro MooRBa^ia (mocrbhvb, Roae^iao, 
npeAcraBareiB aao Cm pyocRax'B Hawaii) roBopHiB HarLoMaxx — 
xaxepH a AO^epa: 

Bi aaxi Bh Raaqoft RaaxRa roBoparB anaa, 
B'b RHasai oAaa, a bb a^bo^rA aPF^*^- 
Ho c«Taa Boe bto ijTRjjjiwb, aaBiaaaurB aa aaxi ex SaaaAa, 
nosTB Tilth He Meffbe bha^jtb bb hbxi pyocRia ocaoBii xapaRiepa a 
npaaoMHaaen OAHoro npeARa rhhsbu, ROTopsit RyTajn, 6e8o6pa3- 
aaqan, saBeJix i^&nifi rapevi, a noroirb BApyrB noRaaioa, xerb bi» 
rpo6i, aaA^JTb Bepara a laRi npoaexL aoaei^ oBoett sbshh. Cra- 
pyniRa aaaa roBopaTB Ao^Qpa RHasau: 

9x1, ApyrBi a ae6o, a seiua npoSABn, 

A AypB-TO aeniTO BWaa? MaayeTi)! 

JijTb J aea Cottmoi, bot-b a 6yinyeTB... 

HiaRi, no8TB pacyeiB aaniH Bsomie Rjiacou, RaRB oxBaneHHue 

qysABiH'B AyxoKB, HO HO HOTepaBinie cBoero aai^oHaxBaaro xapaRiepa. 

IIoTepaaH toaro aa^ioBaJnB£Ie aAeaan, Roiopue, no ero lorbajx), 

coxpaaajracB vb npociOMB aapoA^, BucxynaDn^ea'B vb noBMi wb JLonik 



AHOJULowb msoxAEBm maSkobi. 35 

^TapjmKH-HflHH, no noBOAy soropoft noarB tobophtb: ^o^acTUs^, 
THoa^eKpaTB o^aorxHB'B HapoA^, vb msM'b jsjxi eoTB rfc- vb rjiy6HHH 
cBaTiiii>. Bo Boom aiom no8Tb, nosajr^, cxoahtm go ojiaBaHO^H- 
jcaME, HO piaKo paoxoAHTOfl wb obohxi Hxeajian h bi noEHMamH 
pyccBoft HCTopiH. Owh BKiaj^BaeTB vh cKsflSH*]^! Bi yora oahofo 
Jioaia TaEoe pascysAeme o Poooin bi opaBseHiH n 3ani^0Ki: 

TaM'b CHJod Hip's 6ui'b cnjo^eH'B <)>eoAoiBHuff 
n necTpHJt c6po;('B njieMen'b b% oxhh'b napox^: 
Sx'i^CB BecB HapoxB, xotoib RasB 6ii onaiBHHff, 
BeiHBoe npHSBaHBe cosnaexi* 

H pa;(H TOft BACH KOlOCCaJCbHOft 

Ohb BecB— OTt cMepAa j^o uapa— hagtb 
H rocyxapcTBj bb rp'&iioctb OT^aeTCA 
n TepnuTB BGCi iHuiB Bipa xa cnaceTca... 

TOiTB, xaiTB noHfljTB B^py MafisoBi, MM noroBopHiTB Aiuaiiie, 
^jificb so saiiiTBKi TOJEbKo, ^To, npociaBiflii oiiAABaHie rooyxapciBy 
«Bi KpinooTB» A2fl onacoHifl BipH, ofb pimHTejiBHO pacxoAHToa ot» 
<sjiaBsiHOf uaMH, KOTopHO 6ffn npoTHBHHKaMH cvimeHifl rocyAapcTBa 
H Bipii. BariflAM MafisoBa vb btoitb HaapaBJieHiH oupe^^eEHH h 
flpxH, nocTaBJiesu bi> cbobii'b po^i Ha ^Hiooo^^oKyi) ooHOBy h paaBHTU 
OB y6iameHieH% h chioK. HeooMHinno, ^ro KopoHB wrb jKiftoTBH- 
Tejn»Ho HaxoAHTOfl bi HCTopin Poccin h naoTpooHie aio npoHBJUUOOB 
y MHonirB naniHX'B nHcaiejieS, Aft h ho Horio ne npoHSJUiTBOfl, eom 
OHO BHposaiooB H BB XH3HH pyccsaro HapoAa. Oho osaaaiocB, 
Hanp., H y nymuHa bi cTHxoTBopeHiH: cKieBeTHHEaM^B PocciH>, bi 
KOTopoMi noBTB HpoojiaBiflerB MaiepiajiBHyi) Mon^ pycoKaro rocy- 
AapotBa. Saoiyra JlepHOHTOBa vb tokb, ^o oeb BHpuBaercH hsb ^ 
Kpyra ararB noHflrifi, coBAaHHUXB noropiefi, h fobophtb, ^to ero nii- 
HflOTB «He ojiaBa, KynxeHHaa spOMD, ne ropAaro Ben^ noEOft». 
Hnoro 6iao uoru BHimnflro naTpioTHdHa h bo sarjuiAaxB cxaBflHO- 

4»HX0BB, H MOSHO fMKQ OKaBaTB, ^TO BTOTB BH&HHift naTpi0TH3VB Vb 

BHanreiBHofi creneHH HCKaaHJTB < 6iaropoAHoe y^eHle oiaBflHO$HXBCTBa» . 
^ooToeBOKil ne paai BnaAan Wb btotb me BHimHift naTpioiHSMi, 
xoTfl H orapaicH CeayoniniHo bhSth h3% panoKi ero. J[. H. Toiorofi, 

HtKOTOpUMH OTOpOHaMH CBOOrO y^OHlH CBflaaHH£I& CB CJiaBHEO^HJIB' 

oTBOMi, KaiTB 6u npoAOTaBiflDiiaft lorHHOCKoe paaBHTie ero, yse co- 
BepmeHHO qyasA'B TpaAEI^oHHa^o naTpiOTHana, ^to h KxaAerB 6e3AHy 
MeasAy hhkb h oiaBflHo^HxaHH. MaftROBT»i cBflaaHHsft Tose oi> cjia- 

BHHO^HJn^OTBOMl, HOmeiB Bli COBOpineHHO npOTHBOQOJIOSHyD CTopoHy, 

THKB TTO B% TO BpoMfl, KOFAa ToAOToft OTpimaeTGH 0TB Bcero BHim- 
Hflro, MaTepiaxBHaro, MattsoBi Boei^o npodHKHyrB BHi^mHHHB, h 
xapaBxepHo, mo ofo ohh ctohtb na xpHcriaHCKofi ocHosi, eoaep- 
meHHo paaiH^HO noHEMaa aiy ooHoay... 

KaRi MU BHAiiH BHme, npesAo MafiEOBi» npHAopsHBaiCH hhbixi> 
BoaapibHifi, ho cjAjijeTb aaMiTHTB, ^to ochobhuh ero BoaapiniH — ^aio 

Ti, Ha EOTOpUXl) OHl O0TaHOBHJ[Cfl BO BTOpOft nOJKOBHHt CBOefi SHSHH. 

3* 



36 P7CGK0E BOFATCTBO. 

r. CKa6H96BCKift, HMifl vb BHA7 BftftniHk nepeH^HH vh noBsiH Mai- 
KOBa, HasHBaen bi cBoeft BHHii ero Mysy «noAaTJUBot>. Ho Tasoff 
oHa ToiBSO Kaserofl, TaxoBa OHa tojibro no bh4^iiuiocth. MatKOBi spe- 
HOHHO noAVHflJiGa pasHiarB leieHiflirB, Moarao otkphtb vb ero npo- 
HSBeAOHlflX'B ^ase gjAjsji BJdima HoRpaooBa (Haap. b'b oTHxoTBope- 
HiflX'B <MaTB H A0^», cCiapsit xiain»» h apfO* ^^ B'B ochob& 
ero Harypii Bcer^a sua HaKiOHHOciB ei Tiwb BsrjuiAAii'b, Ha 
KOTopHX'L oHib H ocTaHOBucfl OKOH^aTeiBHO. KoFAa, Haiip., Bofina 
B0K0je6ajia ero ^jbctbo, TorqacB ase o6Hap7XHj[acB ero HCTUHHafl 
oymHOCTby Taxi hto k'b Heiiy voxho 6u iipEirbHHT& ero co6cTBeuHK[fl 
cioBa: «uo^ 6ypsofi jihuib rposoK) CTaHOBBinBCfl th, Pjob, oaiia co- 
<k)K)», — eojm6u toibbo oeb, A^tcTBEienHo, BupaxaJTB bod Pjcb... 



TeiiepB Mtt nocrapaeifcfl noApo6Hie o6pHCOBa;rB peJuuiosHoe Ha- 
oTpoenie, penriosHue Barju^^u MaiBOBa, Koropiie Tbmo cBflBaHH 
QTb ero o6ti^ecTBeHHiiHH BsriflAaMH. IIoBEAHMOHy, FB Hawaii cBoeft 
jiHTepaTjpHoft A^TejiLEocTR MaiBOBi j^aieKO ho 6Bijrb ^js^tb Tixi 
coHHiHifi, KOTopBU lasi CBOficTBeHHH odpasoBaHHUiTB JoojsflVb Hamero 
BpeiieEE. GiiAH btofo, xoth e cjia6ue (eotohj ^o peiEriosHHe bo- 
npocii CHa^aia Maio ero saEBiiaifl), ocxajmcB vb ero npoESBeAOEiHxib. 

Bo BGHBOITB CJEJ^a'^, H B'B TO BpOKH COMHtsifl OFO HOCEJIH XapaETOpB 

9j[erfl«iecKifiy fiiuni coej^HHeHH o'b coxaj[iHievB o&b yrparb B^pH. 
BoTB, Hanp.^ OTHroTBopeHie, HaDEcaHHoe -B'B 1841 r. h OTHi^oEHoe 
HueEso TaKHiTB sacTpoeHieiTB: 

Sa'TiM'E cpsAB o6ii(aro BOiseEiA h myiia 
MeHA rneTCTi OAsa Mj^ETeiBHaa xpra? 
daTi^H'b He pa;(yiocB npH o6n(HX'b KiHKaxi a? 
HiB Mipa TopsecTBo He npas^HHSi j^k MeHA? 
RiaseH'B, KTO coxpaEHJTb en^e SHaiieHOBaHBe 
06maeB% otiiob^s, hx'b TeHHaro Hpe;(aHBfl, 
OxB'^TCTBOBai'b cjECSofi Ha niaie ncajma; 
Rto, Boied OTopBaBi coMH'&Eifl yxa, 
CsflTyE) BH6iiK) HHTaerb cb jMHieHBeK's... 

B'B cTExoTBopeHiE, flaHEcaHHoirb BB 1857 r., <06i[aiKa», en^e 
HCH^ BucTjnaerB crpemiresie MafisoBa B'B pexEiiosEiarB BOSspiskirB 
KOTopBui OTBiqaxE OFO no8THq6CKOB HaTypi. roBopa o6b o(}j[aiiKax'B, 
GirynpncB no Ee6y, oeb saMi^iaeri, ^o cBiime BinooTB — BorB>, 
H ^rro 6e8'B hex'b ee Ea hoitb ho mofb 6u ocraEOBETBCE Bsopi, — e 

SaUDHaerB CTEXOTBOpOEie TBREHE BOIEEOlinEBIME CTEXaMH: 

GTpacTH cepAHa! chu na^^esj^u! 

B^oxHOBeHBH 6peA'B! 

Biu^B 6u njcvb 663% BacB e cipameHib 

CepAEiy Boaifl cb'&t'bI 

Baci pasB^ATB cb fle6a sh3hh, 

H BCfl aii3HB Tor^ca— 

ChJCB Cld^nKXl, SaSOHOBB B'J^^tHHX'B 

B'hnjLSLK Bpas^a*.. 



AnOUOVB SHSOJIAEBE^ MaSSOBX. 37 

Ho ecjiH pejniriosHiiff sosspiHui MafiKosa 61UH oHa^aia o^eHB 

HeonpeA^eHHH, to BOnpOCB npOTHBOnOJIOXHOCTH fl8£ra6CTBa e xpH- 

cTiaHGTBa saHEMai'b ero oi oaiam nepBuxx ;^Hefi ero inicaTejEBQTBa. 
E'EJumcKift, no npo^TeHin ero nepsBixi npoHSBeAOHift, nnoajTB hom'b, 
^0 owb GVOTpHTB Ha acH3HL TjiasaifH rpesa h HHane ho yiiierb hb 
see CMOxpiTB. B'b qtowl Cujio ueoto npasAu, ho bo bcheom'l ojnynai 
H Bi TO yse Bpeiffl MafiROBi OTapajEoa nna^e Ha nee cKorptiB, 
npHSHaBan'B ochobu anTE^iflaro Mipa HOAOCTaTo^HUiiH, a hotoitb Aq. 
FpHropBOB'B yse coBopmeflHo cnpaBejpHBo nncaarB HeMt, ^0 ohi> 
pHcyen niacTHHooKie HAeajra spacoTU, hogh bi j^juA coBepmeHHO 
HiHe. Mohho cKasatB, ^0 ohh 6hjih chhkmh» ASkxe h vb nepio^'B 
BaH6ojiBinaro ero yBJie^eniH dJUHHH3M0]n». 

Eoie B'B copoKOBHn (1842 r.) ro^axi MafiKOB's Hane^aTajn no- 

8My cOjUHBei B 3c$HpB», Vb KOTOpofi np0THB0n0CTaBJ[fl6TB XpHCTi- 

aHCTBO aau'^ecTBy. B'b npeAHOiOBin k-b btoS nosiii owb nHcai'B: fPfln* 
csaji HMnepiH, pacnpocTpaHHBi oboh Bjia;^ifl bi Tpexi H8BicTHUxi> 
ed lacxaxi oBiTa, cAlJiaiaGB cpeAOTO^ieMi h npeAoraBHTeiBEHHieE) 
Boero ApeBHHro idpa... 8to 6£ui'b orpoMHHft 6aoceBHi, vb KOTopoirB 
euiOGB E oMtmaiooB Ces^scjieEHoe MHoseoTBo py^BOB-B... B^pyrB 
noopoAE BToro vipa flBuercfl Ma^o^ECJieHHoe ofin^ecTBo, KOTopoe A^p- 
saeTB BOScraTB na kojocci, BosABHrnyTui BiKaMS, — ^BoscTaTB 6631 
Me^a E BofioEa, onoiHEBnmcB oaheitb ciobom'b, oahem'b ob^tom'b ecte- 
Hu. To fisuiE xpHCTiane. ^a Ai^MOTpaiBHo npoTEBonojiosHHfl Ha«iajia 

He MOrJ[H OCTaTBCfl Bl» MSpi; ^BCTBeHHOOTB E AyXOBHOCTB, SSESHB 
EHtoHflfl H BHyTpeHHEfl — flBHJ[HOB BO BpaS^l, B'B npOTEBOAtflCTBifl, 
B'b 6opB6i Ha SE8HB E CMepTB>. 

Sa^a^a, xoTopyK) nooTaBEJLii ce6i nosTB B'B dTO]n» vHOmecsovB 
npoH8BeA6HiE, saHHiiajia ero noTOM'B bcd xeshb e bod zeseb ho 
y^aBaiacB evy. ^Oaehoi e dc$HpB> ohb npESEajTB HeyAaqnoft h 
B'B 1863 r. sanEcan na Ty xe Teny noBMy <J[K)]^ifi>, soropyn ohjitb- 
TasB npEssajTB HeyAa^soft, e bi oKosnaTeJOiHOKi bbaI Ta se Tena 
noBBEJiacB o6pa6oTaHHoS b'b TpareAiH c^Ba Hipa^y ^SAaBaBmeiicfl 
noBTOiTB OTB 1872 r. no 18^1 r., T. e. no^TE AdCETBjrbTB. «MoserB 
6iiTB — nnmerB uobtb vb npeAHCxoBiE Ei nefl, — HEorEMi noKasercs 

CTpaHEHMl, ^TO ^eiOB^E'B HyTB HO BOJO SE3SB BOSETCfl CI OASOD Xy- 

AosecTBeHHox) EAoeft, mjle no spaflEoft Mtpi ctojibso pas'B ki boA 
BosBpan^aeTOfl. Ho beaho e (urbAOBaji'B EHOTEESTy, noAORassiBaBmeMy 
Hffb, "^TO JEy^me cAtiaiB HTo-HE6yAB oaho, Aa <no vbpi ceii»». 

Bo BOflsoirB cjiyqa:b, Tasoe ynopsoe BOSBpan^eflie {i OAEOft e Toft 
»e TQwb saciysEBaeTB BSEMaEiE e cBEAiToiBCTByerB se tojoiKO o 
seAaHiE cosAaTB hto-ae6o «no Mipi cejiii*. noMEMO TpyAEOOTE oa- 
voft TOMU, xopomo EjiJUooTpflpoBaTB ee Mimajra aBTopy e ero saTypa, 
Kas'B OHa ace noMorjia evy BoscosAaBaTB xopomo sbshb ap^bsex'b, 
rpoEOB-B E pEMJUBTB. BjiaroAapE CBoficTBaHi ero EaTypu, xpEcriaEOEoe 
vipooosepD^aEie bobooe nouoTi CBoeft HaacerAa ooraiooB qya^fiui'B 
eny. B'b oyn^HOOTE, vb eoitb BcerAa sejee A^a ^exoBtEa — xyAoxHHE'B 



38 PyCCEOB BOrATCTBO. 

H MHOTHKi, He coFJianiaBinieQfl ApyrB <yb ;q)yroH'B, npi ^ewh BTOpoft 
Hapjmaji'L i^&i&hoctb. nepsaro, a 8totb, bi cbod o^epeA^) HCKasEn 
CTpeMieHifl BTOporo. BnooiiACTBiH MafisoB'B AomeJTB jsfi tocto BHim- 
Hflro corJiameHifl hxi*, ho 8T0 osasajiocB cb yii](ep6otfx h j^a Toro, 
H A^fl ]i,ipjToro. Stotb qeioB^Kiy TaKi yBseKs^mificfl sevHoft shshbd, 
TaK'B tohko noHHHaBmift RiacoE^eoKie H^eajiu, KOTopoMy ooofioHHO 
6hj[o 62E3K0 BnHRypefioTBo Jlni^iji, Eor^a OTpfiiBaAoa yMOMi otb 8thx^ 
HAeajEOB'L, Kor^a bi> jijmi ero noGisAS^'B hhothki^ HHcajTB o MaTO- 
pia^HCTaxi: 

Hh'b toilko BHAHHocTb— noTpe6a, 

Te6i iKe cyn^HOCTb, TafiHuft cmuci'b, 

Hm'b— TOJiLKO pa;^'& 6e3J^yfflHHX'I. HHcat, 

Te(5* ae— 6e30HeHH0CTfc He6a, 

3aAaHa CHepTH^ ahshu i^'&ib, 

Hepaspd^inHHafl ^oce^TL, 

Ho ys'B H B-B 'laeMOH'b ptmenbH, 

Yae BTb npe^^yBCTiH ero, 

Te6^ j[,Q,fDmXR nposp'^HBe 

Bi TO, HTO jM[Ji ^yxa semecTBO 

ECTB TOJbSO (|)0pMa U ABJCHBe... 

Bi dTOMi cTEXOTBopoHiH BEipasoHo xpHCTia^oKoo npeAOTaBJiOHie 
0. BeiE^ecTBi, RaKi jhhiiib o $oput h asjieEiB, ho aBTop'B tojibeo Ha 
eTOui H ocTaHOBHJicH, H xpHcilaHOKoe Mipocoaepi^aHie y Hero Hs^yrB 
He oTpa3HjiocB Ha ero o6t^ecTBeHHUX^ Bsrjifl^ax'B. Bi btom'l oTHome- 
HiH oco6eHHo xapaKxepHo ero CTExoTBopenie: cnoojitAHie ii3u%9HKH>. 
Sa'I^cb owb H3o6pazaeTii nocjr&AHHX'B fisuiqHHEOB'L, EOTopue OTEasa- 
juLCb no^i^EHHTBOfl HepoBopoTy, npoHaBeAeHHony EMnepaiopoirL Koh- 
oraHTHHOMi. Ohh yorpaHEJiECB otb ofimecTBeEHofi »e3hh, yinjiE bi oefo, 
a MesAy Tiwb Mipi-mejii Bnepex'B, noBoe xpnoTiaHOEoe i^apoTBo 
pasBEBajiocB H npoi^BiTajio, EaR'L 6yATo bi newb hetto ne hsm^^- 

HE20CB: 

TaiTb ROJiecHBi^u, Ropafijin... 
noAi TBepA^x) He6a roJi[y6oD 
CjiHBajicfl fijaroBioTB BAaiH 
Ob nodtAHoft boehcroA Tpy6oD... 

• HTaRi, Boe wb cyn^HocTE ociaiooB no crapoMy, jsfioiie h BOEHORiJi 
Tpy6H, TOJEBRO Ha xpaHaxi noflBHiGS RpecTB, H flSiiHHHRH, cuorpH 

Hfl 8T0 OiflHBe HOBOfi CJiaBN, HOJiHU BaBHOTJULBOfi TOCRH, CTaflfiJOlCh 

npoHOjraETB: «]fu HenpaB£i». fBca OHJia Vh towl — cnpaBeAJTHBO he- 

CSJCb O&b dTOWb GTHXOTBOp&HiE OpeCTB MflJUCepi, — TTO dTE JlDpt T02B- 

Ro Boo6pasajiR Ge6fl nooj^AHEME asuuERaMH, ne yirbfl AoraAaiBCE, 

TTO TOTB HMHepaTOpCRifi AOSperB, ROTOpHfi OSliflBHn XpHOTianOTBO 

rocyAapcTBeHHoft pexEiiefl, npaMo bhooejtb fl3s?ec£yK) oipany bi 
caKoe J[OHO xpECTianoEoft o6n^EHBi». dioro ne noHHxajTB e aBTopi 
cTExoTBopenifl, soiopHft, Raiti mu yxe ORasajiH^ hqhhji'b xpEcriaHCTBa 
^ECTO BHiniHHM'B o6pa30Mi H HOOTapaiCH oorj[[aGETB ero oi hsh^ 



AnOJUOVL HHKOJIABBH^X UASkOB'B. 39 

qecTBOicB, UK'b H Ti xpHCTiaEe, ROTopne nomu sa HMnepaTopoirB 
KoHcraHTHHom, oo6ia8HeHHHe BHtmsoorBn. 

Bsrju^i Ha xpEcriaHOTBo, xas'B na Bipy tojcbko, ho ipefiyDmyH) 
]s^T>, He Tpe6yK)ia7D npoBeAenifl b'b shshb jooCbh r-b fiiHSHHiTB, 
BnpaseHi H vh ApyrHXi npoHSBOAeHuix'B MafisoBa. B'B stoitb oiy- 
qat OHB oooraBJifleTB coBepmeHHyK) .npoTHBonoioxHOCTb gb J[. H. 

TOACTHMB, JtaJieKB AAXe H OTL CJ[aBflHO$HJ[OB'B, KOTOpUB OsUIH FOpfl- 

EHMH npaBoojEaBHHMH, HO OTHD^B HO yTBepasaiH cBoefi Bipu Ha ro- 
oyAapcTBOHHOfl BjaoTH. MaftEOBi se, EasB us yEasuBajiH Btinie, 
nBoajfB pyccKOHX HapoA^i ^o ohb €roGy;iapcTBy bb EptaocTB 
oTAaoTOfl H TepuETB Boe, jiEniB Blpa Aa onaceTGfl». Bb tomb ase 
CHUOJii OHB BiiCEasuBaercfl h bb CTEXOTBopoEiE, nocBfln](eHHOtfB Ra- 

paVSHHy, B'B SOTOpOU'B rOBOpETBy ^0 8T0TB EOTOpEE'B HapEOOBaSB 
B'B OBOefi HOTOpiE 

.... o6pa3B njkjLSkTO Hapofla, mo nponecB 
Gebosb BCfl^eGSEXB HeBsro^it'B EWh oosAaHEoe n;apoTBo, 
H BoiiTB, B&kwb xepTBOBas'B BO EMfl fOoyAapcTBa, 
SCEBa 6o i^epBoBB bb homb, a bb net FoonoAB. XpEOTOCB. 

E^Ba-JiE MOXEO HasBaTB npafBEJiBEmrb Tasoe noEHMasie pejuirui. 
GawB MafiROFB b^ c^Byx'B uipaxB> saoTaBiuierB xpECTiaEEEa Map- 
JSfijuidk roBopETB ^ei^iK) o pasyiii, BonjEon^esBe ROToparo be^etb vb 

CaMB oe6i naifB roBopETB: 

SI ECTEEa, H fiea-B onopu 

Ha Me^B, 6jiiABieTB e aposetbI.. 

E[ BOTB, noBTB BEa^aeTB B'B orpaHHoe npOTEBop'bme orb caicEMB 
co6oK), sexaa, B'B cboh) o^epe^B, aatb onopy Meqa CBoeft EOTEst, 
nojarafl, tto pejrariH Moria caacTEOB CiaroAapfl jiteeib noAAepssiro- 
cy^apoTBa, flfione OToseciBJUfl BEtmnJOD OEjy rocy^apoTBa cb Bsyr- 
peBHefi cHxofi pejiEiiE. 

XapaRTepEO, ito MafiROBB, ^tkuch 6ojAe yTBeps^ajica bo Bsrjifl- 

AitXB, ROTOpBie OHB OEETaOTB XpECTiaECREME, T^UB BCO 6oJLbe TOpEJIB 

noHEMaHie ECTEEHaro Ayxa xpECTiaECTBa, ocEOBaEEaro Ea jih)6be. IIpE 
Bcix'B seAOCTaxRaxB ero nepBaro safipocRa esb 6opb6h xpEcriaECiBa 

(TB fl3H?eCTB0U'B, EO^^ SarjaBiOMB cOjXEEG'B E 9cj»BpB>, BB 9T0MB 

Ea6pooRi^ Hecous'&HEO fiojcbme npaBEJiBHaro noEEMaHifl xpEcriaHCTBa, 
"■itHB Vb nocjrlKyE)nieMB paSBEiiH toe ace tohh. Bb cOjiEEei e 

9c$EpE» OE'B EOEEUaJIB, ^0 BE'&EIEee TOpS^CTBO XpEOTiaEOTBa ewfi 
SeJ[B8fl HaSBaTB ero A'^ECTBETeiBEUHB TOpXeCTBOM'B. EoEE$aii,ifl, OTei^» 
90$HpE, rOBOpET'B BB 8T0ft IlOdU% RaRB 6U BB EpOTEBOpi^ie CB TtUB, 
HTO nOTOUl>CaMB MafiROB'B ORaSaJTB bb CBOEXB cIIOGJliAHEXBflSinEE- 

Rax'B>: 

0, PhHB, EOBHJI BaBHJOflB! 
Til Bd^pofi HCTflSEOfi 06ieRCfl, 
KaRB pE30fi HOBOd, EO... jbh! 



40 PyCCKOS BOrATCTBO. 

Bee sjaia cb ropj^od: fojobh 
. Th He coBjeEi; th ne oxpeKca 
Ottb myMHHXi HrpHm* h nHpoBi; 
Th, no;t'B XpncTOBOio ojiesiAO^y 

Bee Tk'S,% CSpSUTB A3BI.I, JL0J[E1» rptXOB'b... 

Bi ApyroMi Ha6pocKi, <JI]o^ii», ohi BHABHraerB joofioBb^ Kas'B 
oeHOBaHie xpHoriaHCTBa, saoraBjuui obok) jIha7 tobophtb: 

2Khbh jmsi 6±xshDi'S n npoeTHX^, 
Hnyio SH3HB b-l ;i;ymd^ ]ipo6y^Hii£b! 
Yiiaib eeda xia (5Jiara hx'b— 
H 6oJii>iue TU, H Jiy^me 6y;i;emL! 
H Bce xaBHO ys'b Ha^aioeb 
Be3;^•fe,— Beaji-fe npomei^ XpHeioei! 

GmOTPH: OTl MOpA H JJ^O MOpA 

Te6t npeA'b HHeHeM'B XpHcxa 
Otkphth jtBepn! HiTy ropa, * 
' HHrA*. cjesa He npojHTa, 
^To6'B Ha jipyroMt KOHirt BceieHHofi 
He OTosBaiHeB en cepAua... 

Him 6ojQ»ine BOSHJicfl MaflsoB'B ct Texofi, Tim OHib Boe 6ojLhme 
yMajuuii A^OTBeHHyn, o6meeTBeHHyK) cHJ[y xpEcriaHOTBa, nosa hs'e 

OBOHX'B tflfiJTh MipOBl» nO^TH HO HGUD^UUTL OIOBa CJDD6oBB». Owb 

saMiHHU jid6obb «iipoii^eHieirB», noioxy ^to nepBas asTHBHaHTpe- 
6yerb jsjbjrh'^ BTopaa se naoenBHa h Moserb HHqiirB He BHpa3HTLoa 
Bi ofin^ecTBeHHofl xhshh. JInAa vb ^Abjx'b iiipax'B» Taici oiipe;^^- 
juAeTB oymHOCTB xpHoriaHCTBa: 

Biflfi xpHOTiaHCTBO, Bce yqeHBC, 
HiTB, He yqeHBe, — sh3hb — npomeHBe. 
EseMHHyTHoe npon^eHBo, 
npon^eHBe BtHHoe... 

TaKoft CTpaHHUfi nporpeoo'B wb pasBHTm xpHciiaHOKHX'B BsrjuAOBib 
MaMKOBa tIitb He MeHie Bnojrai noHflieffB. Ecih jifiose vb nepBuft 
nepio;^^ cBoero nnoaxejiBCTBa ohi ne 6urb BipyDnporb b'l noiHOirB 
cMiicii 8Toro GjiOBa, TO no Ayxy ohi> 6ujrB 6junKe eb xpHoriaHOTBy, 
ooTjTBOTBya T^Ki ofin^ecTBeHHUiTB ABHseEiiorB, EOTopufl, eojEH He Bcer^a 
GOBepmaucB noAi> SHaEeHevB KpeoTa, to bo boeeoitb ciy^ai scTe- 
Kaifl H8i nyxa xpHCTiaHCTBa. IIoxxBaqeEHuft BOiHoi peaKniOHHaro 

HaOTpoeHlfl, Sa^aB% OTHOCfiTBCE BpaSJ^efiHO si aTElTB ABEXeSUUfB, OKB 

craJTB FB npoTHBOBtme n (tb Ay^oiTB xpHcriaHGTBa e OTan sobojibho 
HCKasaTB 8TorB ATxiBii eooTfiiTCTBiE oidTEiTBHacTpoeEieirB. OffB no- 
crapaicfl yorpaEHTB e8i> flero Boi sa^ajia 06iii(ecTBeHE0CTE, npoTEBO- 
noeraBHTB ero o6n^ecTBeEEOMy ABExesiio, roBopa, hto «cBo6oAaiEiiiB 
Bi i^pcTBi ATxa> E satiHBaEjHTO 8T0 xpEcxiaEGKoe HOioseEie otsdab 
He onpaBAUBaerB EaoEJOE e HpEiiGHeHifl Ba seiui. 

EoTecTBeHEo, qTO TaKoe iipeACTaBJiesie oted^b Ee Mono onocofi- 
GTBOBaTB BipEOEy E3o6paseEii) HepBUXl XpEGTiaEl. H xUCTBEieiBHO, 



AnOUOHli HHKOJIEAEBH^'B MaAkOB'B. 41 

xpiCTiafle b'l ^Jifiji.'h Mipaxii, EaKi enpaBeftKHBo otit&tu'b bi oBoeS 
SHHri r. MepeaKROBOKii, ne Haoroflii^ie xpHCTiaHe Toro BpeiieHH, a 
BecBMa Ea^HTaHHHe h 6orocjD[6BOKH-o6pa30BaHHue pesoHepu. «To h 
AiJLO cusvoDTb OHH i^HTaTaMH E3'L CBas^. IlEoaHifl, Ha Xpncra h hh 
Eora CMorpflTB ho oi sanBHoft om']^octbx) iD^eft, TBop4I^HX'B uospo 
peiHrix), a 6KB08B sanujieHHyio BEsaHxifioKyn npHsvy rocjAapcTBOH- 
Haro EonoBiAaH]fl>. HflTas soaxy, ne sipHniB, mto6u 8th jid^h mo- 
riH nepeaepHyTB b6cb Hipi. Ohh ho ropa^n, se xoioahh, a tojibso 
TeiuH, BiipaaKaflCL cioBaira anocTOia. 

^yfiCTBya 6e3SH3HeHE0CTB obohxi xpjEcriaH'B, MafiROBi eobojibho 
cxapajicA ycHJEHTB BneqaTJiiHie 6o3Ae qepHUMH, 6ojrbe Mpa^muim 
KpaosaKH, o6pEOOBHBaa ;Q)eBsifi idpB. Jboj^ia^ KOTopufi sauio^aii bi» 
ee6i Msoro cHMnaTsqHUX'B "iepn, se cMOTps sa cboe anHsypeESirB, 
OHi> npoBpaTEJTB Bii A'^A^^ iipeEonojiE6Hsaro ropAociLK) n npeapi- 
EieiTb Ko Bceiiy, HE^iirB He onpaBAHBaeioiME. A'^A^ osnb OEpysmrb 
jiK)AiafH coBepmeHHO pasBpan^eHEHMv, HaxoAan^HMHCA B'b nojiHoft ^e- 

M0paJ[H3ai(iE, HTO eOIH E 6£U0 BipHO ECTOpH^eCKE, TO, BO BGHSOM'B 

ojiy'ia'b, Aei^iD^ soioparo aBTopB BooTaKii cxapaeroH npeAcraBSTb 6jia- 
ropoAHHiTB, He tiujio EHKaEofi ny^i^Au oo6EpaTB ETb BORpyrB oefia. H, 
fiopaoB (TB coBpeMeHEHHH Te'ieHiflME KHOiE, aBTopi* BaoTaBEJTB oBoero 
JfiJXJM. paxoBaTb sa paayHi, oj[Hi];eTBopEa vb seiTB ooBpoMeHHoe asH- 
HecTBO. Owb TOJIBSO 3a6iiiBai'B, ^0 2d;(e, paTynm^ie TenepB sa pa- 
syifB, ?acT0 (SiEse Ri xpECTiaflCTBy, h^vb owb, MaftKOBi, oTapaB- 
mificfl yTBepAETB xpEcriaHCTBo na uoTO-Bsinisefl CEii. OpeoTB Mei- 
nepi no sTOMy noBOAy onpaBOJisBo yKasuBajTB, ^no fBOsspan^eEie ei» 
dTofi Teirb OBasKBajioGB y noaxa co siotei) AHfl> — B'B toitb yssoiTB 

CMilOJil, KOTOpufi OBflSaE'B (Tb BOQpOOOH'B HEFEJIESKi E TOlTB, OTl 

Hero OMy norE6HjTB. 

HTaKi, Tpy;^ Bceft XHSEEMafisoBa HeyAaxcsE se MorByAacxB- 
cfl. A saAB, noTOMy hto xeMa, saTposyrafl eitb bi c^Byx'B Hipaxi>, 
eABa-j[fl se caicaa SHBorpeneEiyn^aA teMa s aaa Hamero BpeEOHE. 
*Bnojis'l EOEETB ee MaiEOBi se mofb, noTOHy vto oaHi ohb, BiSHa- 
HEToiBsofi OTenesE, ocTaicE asu^HHEoirB, 6oj[Bme eshhhheoii'b, ^iirB 
T&, KTO npEssaoTB ocsoBH flSK^ecKOft spaBCTB6EH0CTE (TB Bsiniflefi 

OTOpOHU, npOSSKHyBniEGL 06nteCTBeHEHHE CTpeHJteHiflUE xpECTiascTBa. 

KaK'B 6u TO EH 6hjio, noEUTKa MaiBOBa, xote e HeyAa^Hafl, npeA- 
OTaBJiaeTB riy6opft Esxepeoi, noxoMy hto sa^yHaEa OHa dssTJia npa- 
BEXBSO E 2EinB EOEopqeHa noA'B BxiflHioM'B JLossaro saorpoesiE anropa. 
HaiTB, no Bpafisefi xipi, axo Eacrpoesie KaaceroE sosHUifi*. 



Ha oaMoi BsiniEOCTE npoESBeAesifi MajfiKOBa piSKo OTpasEucB 
oco6eHsooTE ero lEqsocTE, Ta ABoftoTBesEOCTB, KOTopas saifb^aJiacB 
KesAy ero saTypofi e BsrjBuiAaEE. Kasii mu yse OTMiTsm bi» Ea^aii 
oxaxBE, DO Eaxyp*! oEi 6wcb npeEMymecTBesHO xyAOXESKi-njiacTEKi, 
6oshme Bcero nosExajTB KpaooTy BE'i^niEiaBD, vb cTaTE^ecEOiTB oogtoe- 



42 PyCCKOE BOriTCTBO. 

Hiv, Korffa kohtjph: ea hchu h ocasaTejiBHK. TaicT., vjsjk Kpaooia bh- 
xoAHTb BBi CTaTH^ecRi^ro oocTOflHifl, r^i oHa hb's BHimHet j^aeTCfl 
BHyrpeHHeft, He ctojilso bhj^hhoK^ o&ojibro nocTHraoMofi, — mwh xy- 
AoscecTBesHHa chjhi ero cjiaMK^Tb. H botv, lyqinvMH npoBBBeAemflMH 
Ma&KOBa ocTHK^Tca rt, rAi oh'l mofl ABHTbca ho jihphkoh'b, ho npo- 
noF&AHHKomb, a XHBonHoii;eM'b, TaKi» KaK'B eiry Cujia speHHyiaecTBeHHo 
AOCTynna KpacoTa <|>op]['L, a He nyscTBi. Cpe^H onHcaxejiBHHXTi ero 

GTHXOTBOpeHift HOnaj^aDTCH TaRifl, ROTOpun no yAHBHieJIBHO'H pncoBRt, 

no OHJii RpacoRir, conepHH^aiorB oi SHBonncBD. TaROBO, nanp., gth- 
xoTBopeHie: «BaKxaHKa», bi KoxopoMX nosTi Tairb onHCUBaerB cna- 
myx) BaRxaHRy: * 

IIo aapKOMy Jiimy, no MpaiiopHofi rpy;i;n 

jlyqi coiHua, T-jfeHB JTHCTOB-L CKOJibSHJiH, TpenexfiuiH; 

Ct* a&anooM'B h njEomeM'b BiacH esi caaj^ajii 

Ha Koay iHrpoBy, EaKt piasHji cxpyif; 

Taui* THpc% H3JioMaHHui(, Tau'b ?aina so^lotoh. . 

KaRi jfjoLuiRTb BHHorpaA'B na nepcux'b y He^, 

KaK-L ajHa ycxa, y.iH6K0H) nrpaa, 

JTene^yTi, nojHHK TOMjeHba h orna!.. 

Ct 8Toro npejiecTHaro cbnxoTBopeHifl onijio mosho phcobbtb Kap- 
THHy... KaE'B xyj^osHHRy-nxacTHRy, MafiRosy y^aBajrooB npeHMyn^e- 
oraeHHo H8o6paseHie aHTH^Hoft seshe, saROB^eHHOft, npnnflBineft 
BnojiHi onpeff'bieHHEifl BHimsifl ^opMH. y^aBaiHCL xaRxe noApasamn 

HapOAHUM'L n'bOHflH'L, XaRl RaRli Bl» HapOAHO& SHSHH HOSHO BCXpt- 

xaxB xy xe saROH^eHHOCXB Rpacoxu^ yAaBaincB n ooHcaHifl npnpoAH 
npoHiiyn^ecxBeHHo wh onoROfiHOMii cooxoamn, h bi axoMi oxHoniemH 
y MaftROBa Bcxpi^aioxoa bti cBoeicB po^t me^eBpzi. Ho coBpoHeHHaa 
sasHB ynopno ne AasaJiaoB OMy, RaR'b He HMlioniiaa cxoj[b oupej^tJieH- 
HBixi H acaHxii ^opH'B, RaRi» aHTHqnaa xhshb, h bi» Roxopoft dJie- 
MOffTL BHyxpeHHift npeo&iaAaex^ Ra;(i BH'bniHniii. 

Bo MHorHX'B oxdfiiBaxi no83iH MafiROBa hosho BcxpixaxB Hsi- 
Hie, TTO xajtaHTB ero 0GJia6tjn» bo Bxopoft nojioBHHi ero shshh. 3xo ' 
MHiHie HaiTB Raacexca onjHfio^HUM'B: ne xaiaHxi* ero ocjLaOiJi'B, a cairb 
OHi cxajni, 6jiaroffapa HOBony cBoevy HacrpoemiD, saHEHaxBoa ynopno 
xaRBHH xenaifH, Roxopua najio cooxBixcxBOBaaia ooHoai ero ^apoB/i- 
Bia. C% oaMaro Ha^aia JiHxepaxypHOfi ^taxejiBHOGXH bi MaftROBt sain 
RaRi 6fii ;[Ba naoaxeM: oahhi — xyj^osHHRi-njiacxaR'B, cosAaBinift 
npoasBOAeHia, nouEia cbjeh n Rpacoxii, a Apyroft — pesoHep'B h xojioa- 
auft paxopi, CB xpy^oirB no;^6BpaBniift cxpo^u a pa^iiH, oxMi^enaHa 
xojioAOM'B H Hanun^enHOcxBD. HeyAa?aa noaMa ^EnasHat, HanacaH- 
Haa B'B 1877 r., no oAanaROBO neyAa^mBi «rpe3u» h cBapuniH'&», 
HanncaHHua bi 1845 a 1846 rr. Pasnni^a xojibro b% xoitb, ^xo bi 
nepBOi nojioBHHi JiaxepaxypHoa a^xojibhooxe MataOBa paxopaqecaia 
npoaBBeAeaia Bcxptqaioxoa jinniBy RaRi> acRjnoqeEie, a bo Bxopofi oaa 
;^tjiiaK)xoa o6uqHiu[H. 

Eoia noAik ROHeii;^ CBoero nacaxejcbcxaa MafiaoBi cosxaBaAii ue- 



AnOJUOH'B HEROJIAEBHTB XAftKOBrS. 43 

Hie xyAOsecTBeEiux'B npoHSBeAdHii, ^arb vb na^ajii, to noTOMy, tto 
xjAOSHEKi B'B ero Ajnit 6hj['b noAaBJioFB ero HOBHH'BHacTpoeHiex'B. 
XjAOSHHiLi no EaTjpi, OTBie^eHHufi aGROTTi no BsrjuiAaM'B, MafisoBi, 
npH HOBOMii cBoevL HaerpoeHiH, yse ho mofl bsh^i^tb BnojiHi toS 
npeJiecTHOft $opHofi, KaRoft OTJiH^ajiBCB ero aHTOjiorH^eosifl ctuxotbo- 
peHifl. Bee fiojiBme oh'l HanHcaJi'B TaKHxi» pHTopHHecRHX'B cthxctbo- 
penifi, KaKifl, Hanp., BcrptqaDicfl b-l o6opHHKt «Ha 1854 r.» H xa- 
pasTepno, ?to KaKi tojibro ohi B;^aBaicfl vb ^jtrjijb) eMy, RaKOi xy^oH- 
HHRy, o6jiacTL, TaR'B ero TOT^acB se noRn^ajio npncymee eiiy b^ox- 
HOBeHie, saMiHflflCB pHTopHRofi. Hanp., fKiepMOHTCRift oo6opi» na- 
nHoaHi» npejiecTHO, noRa Hj^eTit onHcaxeiBHaH "iaoTB, s Heo6ii?aflHO 
cjia6o H pHTopn^Ho B'B saRJuo^eHiH, r^t A&se $pa8U HimaioTCA n ny- 
lauTca. , 

H ^^vLTi 6oji[Bni6 MafiK0B^ npoHHRaicfl obohmi hobhicb naoipo- 
esiexx, rbMii ohi A'^ajiofl Boe xojiOAH'le h HanumeHHie. MROTopua 
ero nocjii^AHifl cTaxoTBopeHifl, HanHcaHHUfl na pasnufl TopsecTBen- 
Hue cjryqan, HanoMHHanrB no cBoeify xoi[o;(HOMy, pHTopH^ecRony xony 
TopsecTBeHHiifl OAH jS^epsaBHEa. Eojih e npn eoboitb EacTpoesiH y 
Hero BOipi^aiDTCfl nspiAsa oTHxoTBopeHifl noarH^ecRia e cnJiBEHfl, to 
OHH npoESBOAarb o^eflB CBoeo6pa3Hoe Bne^aTJi-bsie. Owb onieHB, os'l 
AOXOAHTB HHOFAa ]if) na$oca/ BOon'J^BaH BEi^niHee Moryn^eoTBO Pocoin, 
ea SesrpasnqLHoe npooTpaHCTBO, ea 3aBoeBaT6j(BHyK) cEJiy. Botb, sanp., 
cTEXOTBopenie cEasaRi^, Bt ROTopoMi MafiROBi BOoniBaers bto 
«cauo6HTEoe cosAanBe BoiBHofi pycoRofi CTapHHfi[», onpamEBaa ero, 
OTRy^a owh AepsETB nyTB: 

Oxt CTy;^eHofi-JIH TopneH, 

r^i BCK) 3HMy COJHUa HiTl, 

Tfl:h noMJiAHBajii th aopuo, 
KaK^b BejkQTb ce6& Taui* iubca'b? 
Mjs OX'S HiMana h BhcjiUi— 
Ha3, noBixaeiDL, qio temi 
Bee noRa 6jiaronojiyHHO, 
Ho ApenaTB ne Ha^o HaHi? 
Hit OX'S ^epnaro xh Mopa, 
T]s,% paaiisji;* Aepaa, CBoft BSMa^'B 
ycxpeMiflj-b He pasi th aiaj^HO 
^epea-B Mope na UaptrpaA*? 
01% BocxoKa, TA"^ HapoAu 
Ha Te6E, 6oraxupfl, 

KaRl Ha B^J^CXHHKa, BSHpaiH 

BoiH 6'kiaro uapfl, 
Tu JiexHniB csasaxb, qxo Hosufi 
noAAanexB^ npociiX'& Rpafi, 
^xo cb Kasaasaro oHKexa 
BuLi'B ysib BHA'^Hi* rfliiaiafl?... 

CTExoTBopeHie bto pteRo e aoboueo oejcbho BupasaeTB npe^- 
cTaBJieEie MallROBa o PoeciE. B'B Bs^y Toro, ^to wl E'bROTopux'B 
HORpoJiorax'B ycEJiOEEO OTapaiECB npeACxaBETB ero ciaBEHo^EJiOM'B, 



44 P7CCK0B BOFATCTBO. 

He jKHmsee oTniTHTb, ^ro PocoiD owb^ npexoraBJuiiii ce6£ coBepmeH- 
HO EHa^e, ifbwb cjiaBUHo^uH. nocjr&;^e BjudiumsvpoMSK es AyxoB- 
Hyx) oTopoHj, Me^iTajoi, qio Hame oie^eoTBO moxotb BseoTH vb uipi 
hWo HOBoe AT^OBHO H npeofipasHTb ero, MaiKOBi se bha^^ bi* 
PocciH npenMyn^ecTBeHHO rposHjD MaTepiaiBHyi) CHxy, tj cuy, Ha 
soTopjD ci 6e3noKoioTBOirB h cipaxoiTB BdHpanrB sani^Hiie Hapo- 
AH. En^e Bi ^EjiepMOHTosoMi. oo6opi», npoTHBonooTaBJifla Poocin 
SanaAj, ohi» HHoaAii, mro hs'b PoccIh BuMAerB Ha Saaa^b tpoaou 
irflraHTOBii iiiGiia>, IIpe^'Bero AT^OBHinrB okohi, Kor^a oh'b npe;^- 
CTaBJifln ce6t Pocciio, EaEi fiu hochjthcb o6pa3ii aiaBHUX'B saBooBa- 
Teoiefl ApeBHOCTH, paspymaBmHX'B rocy;^apcTBa m% HeHacuTHot sas;^u[ 
«6edOHepTBfl H cj[aBS[>. 

Ho noHHMaJTB-jiH MaiiKOBi Pocciio? HaH'L KaxeTca, e^Ba-m. He 
o6jLaAas oHocofiHocTBK) nocTHraTB AT^OBsyK) cyo^HocTB, KpacoTy He 
MaTopiaJUBHyK), owb ne saHiTEJii h ho noHflJocB rfan nyGoKHX'B 06- 
^ecTBeHHux'B Te^enifl, kotophh nponcxoAflTi vb e^apa^'^ pycoKaro 
o6m;ecTBa h napo^a. H ofin^eciBO, vb cbod o^epeAB, OTBopnyjiocB 

OTb Hero Bl TO HMOHHO BpOMH, ZOTflfi, OHl, HO erO MHiHUO, OTaAl 

pa3pa6aT£iBaTB caicuH pyccsifl tokk. ^m HHiaTejieft MaftsoBi Bcer^a 
6uji'B H ocTaneTCfl AoporB npeHHyntecTBeHHO saKii aBTopi» npejiecr- 
HHX'b npoHSBeAOHift H8i» aHTH'iHaro Hipa. H A&3se wb HeRpoioraxx^ 
nHGaHHuxi no HOBOAy ero CMepiE, ero npeHMy^ecTBeHHo npocxaB- 
ifljiH, KaE'B tnapEaci(a>, KaKi aBiopa aHTOJiorn^ecKHX'B cxExoxBope- 
Eifl, sani aBTopa «AByxi MipoBi>, coBepmeHHO HHorxa safiiiBafl 
ero naTpiOTH^ecEifl h TeHj^eH^iosHiUE npoHSBeAeHiii. Ho jifR HOiopH- 
£a JTHTepaTypH, jD(ia ncnxoiora Bce Aoporo h HHrepecHO vb npoHB- 
Be;(eHiflxi> MaSROBa, Aa^se, 6iitb iioseTB, 6ojcbe HHrepecHH rt, bi 
ROTopsx'B ci oooCeHHofi cHAot BiipaSHJUOB C2a6ufl CTopoHii ero xy- 
AOseoTBeHHaro AapoBania... 

A. yMaHbCKiii. 



HOBUfl KHHrH. 45 



HoBHfl KHHra. 



Bhask HHAOCTaHCBift. npHspaKH. OKOHHaHie hob^cth M. D. lep- 
xoHTOBa, HaHHHajomeflcH cjOBaini: „y rpa<|>BHH B... 6iu% MysuEajBHufi Be- 
^epi^ H npepHBaioiiuficA na cxoBaxi: „Oh'l prbmHJic^'*. ^NtHTacTHHecsifi pas- 
cKa3i« MocsBa. 1897. 

Bpeibu(epoBa coHaTa HcnonHHTejifl. SanHesn TpyxaHeecicaro. 

Cn6. 1897. 

Me^Kjiy MOCKOBCKHM'B H neTep6yprcKHMi> *) asTopaMH oGmee 

TO, HTO 06a OHH UBmjTh^ TSLKTh CKasaTB, nO JIHHe&Kaii'B. MOCKOB- 

CKid aBTopi* nnmerB no jiBHeftKain>, Harpa^JieHHUBfB JlepMOH- 
TOBuncBy a fljui neTep6yprcKaro pasjiHHOBaji'B Gyiiary Jlesi* Toji- 
CTofi. OTb TaKHX7» Ha^HHaiomHX'b BajiJiHrpa(^OBi> Hero ;Ke Tpe- 
Cosatb? Ohh eme nepa He nayHHJiBCB AepxcaTB KaxTb cji']&z(yeTi>, 
coACAiOTb Ha 6yicary CesnpecTaHHHH kjuuccu, cJiHBUBaiOT'B 8th 

KJIAKCU JiSUKOU'B, H^llfB, KOHeHHO, CHXe 60JIbine nopTHTB CBOIO 

pa6oTy. Bi btohcb hxi* cxoactbo, a pa3JiHHie hx-b coctohtb bi> 
T0Mi», HTo KHH3B HHAOCTaHCKifl 6oJi^e CM^moHB, a TpyxaneBOKifi 
CoJii&e ^aJioKi*. Khbsb HHAocxaHCKift cMi&moH'B, noTO^y hto yen- 
jiHBaeTCH 6biti> BejiHKOJii&nHKLMx: oflHHi> nceBA0HHMi> Hero ctoht'b! 
Ho HMfl — BByKi* nycToft, a boti* KaK'B aBTopi* peROMennyeinb cnero 

KHfl3iI (KOTOpufl, 6yflT0 6u^ H eCTB HaCTOJiniifl aBTOpi* nOKOHHa- 

Hi5i noBi&CTH^ — npieM-B, ohatb TaKH cKonnapoBanHuft y JlepMOH- 

TOBa): „KHJi3B HHAOCTaHCKifl 6jlHCTaTeJIBH0 OKOHHHJIl> KypCB yHH- 

BepcHTeTa, hotomi ohchb mhofo nyTemecTBOBas'B no BceMy 3eM- 
HOMy mapy, HHKoraa He nepecTanaH dHaxoMHTBCs c-b nponsBefle- 
HijoiH HejioB'^^HecKaro reHiii bo bc^^xI) ero npojiBJieHijix'b, bo Bch 
BpeMesa h y Bd&x'B HapoAOBi*. noaroiiy h']^ti> HHHero yAHBHTe/iB- 
Haro Bi* ToiTB, HTO ero (^H;iooo$CRifl h acTeTHHecKiJi BOsapl^Hiji cko- 

PO AOCTHTJIB HpeBBUHaftHOfl, HCKJIiOHHTeJIBHOft HIHpOTLI**. KaKOBa 

jlOJi3KHa 6uTB noBi&CTB, HanHcaHHafl, xotx 6u Ha saHMCTBOBanHyio 

TeMy, HeJIOB'^&KOM'B CB B033p%HijiMH HCKJIK>HHTejIBHOfi mHpOTU? K-B 

BecHacTifo, ^bi* caiioe nocji%AHee BpencH** khxbb HnnocTaHCKifl 
„CA^;iajiCH CTpaCTHUM-B nooji']&;ioBaTejieM'B cnHpHTH3ya^. 3to co- 
CTOHHie iCHfl3Ji BHymajio onaceHia: „fl cb onacenieM'B BaMl&naji'B 

(rOBOpHTTb aBTOpi>), HTO HaCipoeHie, KHKJI'B AyM'B H HySCTB'B STOfl 

TOHKH 3p']^Hiji BaxBaTUBaioT'B ero CB HeoTpaBHMOK), npflMO onac- 



*) Mu HaauBaeifB aBTopa „3anHC0K'b TpyxaneBCKaro'^ neie^yprcKHM'b 
TOJLbKo noTOMy, HTO Ha oOaoffiKt 6poiiiJBopH nocxaBjeHo: „C.-neTepi5yprL*'. 
Ha cavoui jRe x^'^, dponinpa (saK'b dxo Ha nefi h o6o3HaHeHO) neYaxaiacB 
Bi EsaTepHHocjaBi, ueHdypHpoBana bi KieBi, a bi neTep6ypri juoib ^csiajcK 
B3AaHia'S Ckoibro ^AonoTb 6ujo a:>Topy cs cbobui x'^THn^eKi! 



46 pyCCKOE BOrATOTBO. 

HOK) CHJIOK)^. KaK'B HH aJIHnOBaTO dTO CKaSaHO, HO nOHATB MOXCHO: 
KHSLSJO HHAOCTaHCKOIiy CJll^nOBaJIO 6hl He nOBi^CTH HHCaTB, a Jli' 
HHTBCH. Jli&fiCTBHTeJlBHO, OHT* CKOpO yTOUBJIC^ ^Bl* npHHaAK^g 6e- 

syMifl^, HO paacKaai* ero ocTaJicn, a bi* pa3CKa3% Biowh nBeaaiiO' 
HaeTCH Taxaji npasjia, KOTopan, pa3i> tojibko KOCHyBmncB junm^ 
y^e HHKorjia He Mo^exi* eaGuTBC^''. 3to roBopHTi* cicpoMBHfi 

aBTOpX C06CTBeHH0Ml» np0H3BejieHiH. Cl^ CBOefi CTOPOHU, MU 

CKa^eiTb, HTO Hameft nymH poBHO HH^qero He KocHyjiocB B-h 
pa3CKa3% KHjisa HHAOCTaHCKaro. Hto xacaeTCii TpyxaneBcicaro, 
TO nHmerb ohi>, no»cajiyfi, Aasice ajiflnoBaTile kbubsi Hnj^ocTaH- 
cKaro. ,,HeBaxCHoe co6LiTie, KOTopoe jioKaaajio mh% tojibko, hto 
uoyscevh cymecTBOBaxB okojio mchsi npeHuyn^ecTBo nejiosl^Ka ro 
Taxofi CTeneHH mh^ HecnunaTHHHaro^. i^Bi* PocciH Boo6nxe cy- 
iixecTByeTi> cKBepnafl oCuiCHOBeHHOCTB cocraBJiATB o nejiOBi^K'!^ 
MH^Hie...^ H np. jfUoji'h pi&CHHiiaMH ^yajicfl Ton» BsrjisA'B, koto* 
pufl MeTHyBmHCB o6^HraerB Aymy^. TaKia CTHJincTH^ecKisi kjiukcu 
cocTaBJifliOT'B CKBepnyio o5uKHOBeHHOCTB Bi* 3anHCKax'B TpyxaneB- 
CKaro. TpyxaneBCKifl, KaKT» homhet-b, Kone^HO, HHTarejiB, bto 
MyauKaHT'B ,,KpefliiepoBofi coHaTu*^ ToJiCToro, h bt» nSanHCKaxi*" 
0HT» roBopHTHb KaKi> 6u OTB cBoero jiHiia. Mu, paayic^eTCji, He 
6yjxeirB cjiijunTh sa t^mt*, KaKi* OHik onpaBAUBaeTi> oe6ji, h o<5bb- 
' H^erb IIosAHunieBa, noTOMy ^to cobc'1Imt» ne B'h tom:b s^jio h 
He saT^ncB noB^CTB HauHcaHa. JX^^o b% tomi*, hto HamH pe;ncaK- 
Topu yiKacHue MOBeroHU— bott» rjx% necB sapuTi*. ,,fl HanncaJTB, 
paacKasuBaerB aBTopi*, aarpHMepoBaHHuft TpyxaneBCKHMii, npaB- 

AHByiO nOBi^CTB H81» CBOefi 3KH3BH, HO HH OAHa ptRhKUXH HC npH- 

Hfljia. Majio Toro: 6oJiBniHHCTBo penaKnifl 6e3MOJiBHo npio6p^jm 

B'h CBOIO C06CTBeHH0CTB 1^ HOHTOBUfl liapKH, KOTOpU^ Ji nOCU- 

Jisuvh Bu-h B-h HaHBHOfl Ha^e^A^ nojiyHHTB OTB-l^rB^S Jlenco jih 
dTO nepenecTH? HpaBCTBeHHaa o^Hjoca h MaTepBjuiBHiiifi ymepfo, 
HaneceHHue aBTopy penaKidiiuH, BoniioTT* ki> He6y o Mmenin. 



J^'bJ^h H jib>ah; B'ftEa. Otpubrh hsi ciapofl sanHcnofi sHHasRir, CTaTBH 
H saK^TSH. n. B. MapTBHHOBa. Towb TpeiiH. CIIE. 1896. 

r. MapTBAHOBi* HasLiBaeT'B ce6s[ „nodTOM'B-cojiAaTOMT»". Mbi 
HHHero npoTHBik SToro Ha3BaHiH ne Bii^eith^ no cojmaTu 6LiBaiOTi> 

paSHLie H MLI XOr^JIH 6lI CnpOCHTB, KaKOft HMeHHO UOBTh'COAdafm 

r. MapTBsiHOB'B? Mu AyMaein*, hto bto n03Ti>-B'£cT0B0fl hjih hobtb- 
paacHJiBHHfl hjih, HaKOHeu-B, — caMoe B^poaTHoe — noarB-fleHB- 

UXHK'B. „JQti&Jia H JIIOAH B'^Ka'' H306pa^aK)TCfl r. MapTBHHOBUUl* 

cB TOHKH ap^Hiff, BHOJiHi^ npBJiHHecTByionieft AeHBuiHicy, a hto 
KacacTCfl no83iBf to boti> Bam fljis oCpasna hoahhcb k-b KapTHH-^ 
xyfloaKHHKa BaxTepa jjIIopTpcT-B r-»cH SeJienofl": 

IIopTpeTi madame 3ejieH0fi 
ILopiipeT'B BnoAH'b seJienufi. 



HOBUfl KHHTH. 47 

Hjih botb Apyra^ carapHiecKafl noAnacb ki> KapTHH'6 xyjtio^K- 
HHKa CazapoBa ,,Bojioto'': 

Xopoino „BojiOTo", 

Ho B'b neifb H'j^T'B Hero-TO... 
XopomOf r. MapTbHHOB'Bl CnacH5o, r. MapTB^HOBi*! 



A. A. HaBpoDiBlft (H; A. BponsijS). CieadaHla HHHyBmaro. Pyccsia 
61UHH11 H npe;^aHifl B'b cxHxax'b. Cn£. 1897. 

Bt» to BpeMx KaK'B HamH uoJioRue noaru HmyTi „hobux'b 
nyieft" B'B HCKyccT]9i&, x. e. npome roBopa, HsaypflioTCH bt. no- 
Towk aa cio»ceTaMH h xeMaMH, r. HaBponKift HsOpajii* ceG']^ 6jia- 
ryio HacTB: He sa^oxjicB o HOBssHi^, ohi> nonepnaexi cboh tcmu 
H3i> Hameft cxapHHu h bi> y6utk% pasyMi^excii, He ocxaexcH. 
Hame scxopHHecBoe nponijxoe, ecjra He oco6eHHo 6oraTo, xo h He 

BOBCe 6^JPiO apKHMH JIHHH0CT5IMH H ApaMaXHHeCKHMH HOJioaceHiiiMH, 

KOTOpus HaBcerAa ooxpaniixi* HHxepecB ajih HacToamaro noaxa 
H HacTOflHuiFo $HJioco$a. r. HaBpoiiKifl nHxaexis ki* Hameft cxa- 
pHHJI H es repoflMi> h repoHHAM-b HCKpeHHiOK) JI1060BB, HO 6ilAa 
B'B TOM-B, HTo OHi* He HacTOflHiifi noBxi* H jia^e BOBce He noaxi*. 

BU 6JIH3ICH ^Wk BCl&, rOBOpHrB r. HaBpOIIKifi B'B ctexotbophohcb 
QpeAHCJIOBiH K'B CBOeft KHHli^: 

Bh 61H8BH xBi Bci; b^ab B'b muy BxoxHOBemii 
a Cb BaMH cxpaxai'b, h j[i>6Hi!b, h cKop6'ki'b, 

CxiOHflflCB npeX'B BaniHM!B BOSS^IbeWb CMHpeHiH, 

Pnxaa Ha^i rpyxoft saiiy^eHBHZ'B rbrb, 
3x0 CKasaao ne xojibko nposaHHso, ho h nesi^pHo: HBaHi* 
FpoBHuft, EpMaKi*, PasHH'By nexp'B, uapeBHa Co^h, naxpiapxi> 
Hhkohi> h t. n. — xopomH, ne^ero cicaaaxB, npeAcxaBHxeJiH cmh* 
penijil.. CxapajicB corjiacoBaxBCji cb HCxopHHecKofl HCXHHofi, 
r. HaBpomcift hohcboji^ nojuscewb BsnannBaxB b'b ycxa cbohx-b 
repoeB^ xaKiji p^^H, b'b Roxopux'B o^ohb Ma;io xoro tjiea, ko- 
Topufl 6bui'b xaKi> jiio6i> HamHM'B cjiaBAHO^HJiaM'b, 6;ia}KeHHoft 
naiiAXH. PacapaBjiBHCB co cxpi&jiBixaMH (xoxce onenB cKHpeHHuft 
HapoAi>), Ilexp'B pacnopflAHjicH hob^^cexb Tpexi* hsi* hhx'b ne- 

pejtll» CaBILIIfB OKHOM'B KCJIBH Co$BH H CMBpeHHafl HH0KHH5I BOX'B 
KaKl» MLZCJieHHO CeC^JUtT-h CB CBOHUCB 6paxoMii: 

Tu He nocirbi'B 
MeHJi sasHHTB, sasi pyccsyK) i^apeBHy, 
Ho BUAjueLTb HHoe. Tu xot'^ji'b 
MeHfl saMy^HTB cxpaxoiirb x^x'b Biut^Hift, 

ROTOpHd XHHJI^B TU BUSBaXB H paSBHTB 

B'b MoeA Aym'b Kasrb iiiox'b Boo6paseHBA, 
HoHefl 6e3C0HHiix'B, npasxHOcxH, tocku, 
BescHJBHoA apocTH... 
Hi^npaceH^ xpyxil Mena ne hctouhtb 

n0X06B03 myTSOfi ABHBOJIBCKOd; xoboibho 

ji BH^iJia Hxi Ha CBoeMi B'bsy. 



48 PFCCKOB BOFATCTBO. 

9tOT1> OTpUBOK'B KCTaXH MO^erb CJiy^iCHTb 06pa3HHK0M'B 

yif^HBji HJiH, TOHHi&ei Heyif^HBH r. HaspoiiKaro nJiAji^rh slbu- 
Kou-h: BUSsaTB H paseuMh bi> jsjuA cTpaxT» BHA'!§Hifl Kami nAO&b 
soo6paoiceHbH-^'BTO a3ukt» co^peMeHHBixi> raaeTHuxi* ^ejiBeTOHH- 
CTOBii, a He iiapeBHu Co^bh. Ho j^ajieKO He Bcerjia ocTaeTOK 
r. HaBpomcift B^^twh h HcropHHecKofi h ncHxojiorHHecKofl npaBA%. 
He Bume no aoctohhctby h Heyiii&peHHHuft HCTopHHecsift ohth- 
MHSMii aBTopa. 3TorB onTBMHSM'B, nepenocxcB na Gyjiymee, ne* 
fepoxcAacTCfl y r. HanpouKaro bt* nl&KOTopyio MeHTaTCJiBHyK) 
6jiaroxceJiaTeJiBHOCTB cb sHaHHTejiBHofl npHiri^CBio MaHBJiOBmHHu. 
JXocTaTOHHO npoHecTB saKJiioHHTejiBHyio nBecy KHHry ,|KapTHHa 
rpjrjiyniaro", hto6li y6%jiHTBca b-b stomi*. 



H. A. BoftHeBCKift. B)HOpHCTHHecBafl lydHeB^a". nodiia vb cth- 
xaz-b. ens. 1896. 

^yBUHie Bi* Aym^ Moeft ycxajiofl", CKa3a;iH ifu HeKpacoBCKHifi> 
CTHXoiiii, npocMOTp'l^B'B HOByio D03My. Sthmt* mli peaioMHpoBajiK 
KJisL ce6x o(5niee BnenaTji'^Hie oti> ,,]OMOpa" r. BoftneBCKaro. Boti* 

KaKOBl* STOTT* lOMOp'b: 

JIaXBH TpOAHCEHX'B 6toeilOBl> 

£j(Ba saBHj^ft CI BnniRH, 
Oaa: nBoxi sl BacB noAieuoB's, 

Hh JPia BaMlb, HE HOKpumBH! 
B% HTaiiiD? Hy, h'j^t'l! Si bomi 
TaKoro (i)e4>epy saxam, 
Hto He6y CTanert atyxKo"! 

TaiCB roBopHrB cynpyra SeBca, 6orHH5i iOnona. A Borib icaKi* 
6orB Mopeft nocefiAOHi* yCMHpxerb pa36yineBaBiniHCii bojihu: 

I][um! J[660TpflCH, CBHCTyHH! 

BHmB, 6yilCTByK)T% He bi nopy! 
3a napymeHLe thdihhh 
Sa^aMi Baifb nepe;i;epy! 

9to sHaaieHHToe Quos ego! bt* lOMopncTHHecKoirB nepejiOKeHis 
r. Bot^eBCKaro. A botii» HaK0Hem», Kaxi* noBi^CTByenb cairB re- 
poft noBMu dHefl: 

To ^njja, MmeHBGHi BOcniuaBi, 
iS 6poHB H nLieH'b CTaiBHue 
HajT^'b, sa ^DsepB <5iry cTpeMriaBi... 
Fjihab, nosaiSun mTaHH a... 
Ho Ha BodH'b, BaR's na BOfini, 
He Ao mraHOB'b Tyii 6euo m^, 
6*5 mxaHax'b jlh xyxi repoficTBa?! 

r. BofineBCKiftl Hey^ejiH BaMi* secejio 6i>i;io imcaTB cbok> 

,,IOMOpHCTHHeCKyiO" no3My? 



49' 

PyfiaKiiHa. Gn6. 1897. 

AO' Kaocoft ' cnmesB,. nsiCTomejshBSLf norpeCHOcn^. bb . TaKQMi> 

cTMW^Hue H' npDBiwniaJibHue, KsutanosM^ Bik o^esir^ MHonsxi*. 
cjiy'9ftiixa» B» HBx^ He tojqoco nepe^racjifi&ju khkiv^ , miSioKaiwK, 
b3p 6B6jiioTeK£j. HO TaiQice: YKaaaHU. npoHSBexMiiAf. nejoHsmiacH/ 
b:^ ne^ojwueeKHKrfe* zzMmuK%>, co ccu/iMoft na cooiaiiiTCTBeHr 
Hue Hy)iepa>H rojUit nocii^AHflx^^. 3fiaKO]ii£&T c%r TpypHUiia^ h. 
KponoMBBUMSb A'St^oiTb cocTasjieHUir TaKoro Kaxa^iQXtt « noftucTi), 
KaKii .MBoro noTpi^HeHo sA^OBHanpacHaix) Tpyna^.r— rHaapacBaro 
BCJi^CTBie' ero paspoaaeBHOCTH; moK-jia^ 6H(5JiioTeica .BHHy^KAfiHa 
npoA&ian saBOBo ary KponoffJUtByio pa6oTy TOJUdto naxoicy, hto 
y Hacbf H^n^ noiiHaiO' OHoieiiaJBHecKasto yKasaxeiUv vh HaBiH¥3> 
nepioflBHecKBii^b maajmisiwhr o6niaro. xapaxTopa. PaoHue icaxa- 

JIOEH> OHCTeiiaTBHQCKarO ^fieHis^ Ha^HHaii 01». BBB^CTHOfi B,; Ka- 

xo^tQsi, nepBoft^'HonuTKB^ B%. aToicQb^ poA^ PaonoHOBa, nanHOVoft 
jiaAexo' H6 ocaiH«aJiH<Bb, oTHacia BCJi^AcrBia Hxab. ix&ia. H:>Ba^ 
npaBJieHU, onafyrBtBtenoTOMy, hto cacxaBJi^JiBeb. bi» nposHH^. 
^tH^^o MarepiajiaBib 66jrhe bjib M^^e cnyHaftHisai^* IIp^sBCAe 

H&i«r. BUfiHpaTB^ HTO npBf QABO • JUIB HBIttTeOIB, BHiyHiarO CBBQ- 

oOpaaoBBBiBf Heo^xoAHiio*. cocxaBBTB BHBeaxapiiy. onpen'^JiBTfirf 
HX0 y BaQi* ecTB^r nei^o h^tB' b .Hxa hbao noHOJOOBTaE^. 

OneBBflHO, nonuTsca cocTaBHTOJiB jieBcamaro* nepwi* aaiiH 
MyKaaaxejiB^ — nP^aotiparbCB hb- HaJiB^BOcTa nepeBonHoft 6efl- 
jieTpBciBKB, oymecTByioaiefl hb pyccKDMi» Bsuic^** -- aaojiy^KH- 
Baeni> BcanecKaro OAo6peBiB» CocxaBBTejib bsbji^ hb ce6H apo* 
noTJiBBuft TpyA:b Bu6paiib HaicyniecTByiQiBiBXii 6B6jiiorpa$B<ie- 
CKBX!ii noco6iA ,ynpoH3fiejteBiH ii&x7» aaxopOB'B, soropue BrpaBB 
BaBi&CTByio pojiB .bi». BCTopiB HejzoBfiHecKofi loicTiB ci> speB- 
BlUkiQBX'B AO HQB'&ftiBHX'b' BpeMeHi». Hsicasofa BBoro KpBTepiB 
Kii BadBpaeMuu-B aaiopaMB^, KpoMi^ KpHxepin BCTopBHecKax?o, qq-^ 
amsMTeuih na npes'BABJiHJi'B^. IDiau^b ^YKaaaffeJiB** cji'fiAyK^mift: 

OB'B COCTOflXtb Ha'B.AeBflTB OTA^i^OB'bf KSLJKJIU& H31» KOTOpUX'B 

nocBBmeH'B BSBiimoA jiBTepaxyp-^ Toro. hjib Apyroro HapoAa bjih 
HSB'icTHUxtb rpyaiTB BapoAOBB. nepej^ob KaBCAUM^b otjsfkJioMrB 
yKaaaHu maLBuiAmiM ca^HHeHiB, nocsameBiHiaB 6QJi'%e hjih Me- 
Bfee oC^xuBBx o63opaiiii Jiai^paTypu- AaHHoS cxpaau. KpaxKtft 
COBCOK'B BX7», HanenaxaHHufi 6QJiie KpynBHM^ mpa^xoirb, npeA- 
cxaBJUiexa> KaKi* 6u. BOxopB^iecKoe BBeAeaie. 3axi^Bi» flAyTi» 
coBCKH caifuxi> npoBSBeAeHifi xoft bah bhoA Jiaxepaxypu., KaKiB 
ecxB Bi* paajiB^HUXi* HSAanls^'B na pyccKOB'B bssuc^. Ilpa wk- 
Koxopuxi> aBxopaxT» b npo]^3BeAeHiBxi» yicadaHU xaKBce oxhoch- 
miBca Ki> HEMi* cxaxBH KpHXHHecBia H 6iorpa$HHecKiji. Kpon-j^ 
xoro, o6niBpHoe ^npHAOBceHie** saHAxo t^mh npofl3BeAeHiflMB no 

M 4. OxAtJn 0. 4 



50 P7CCS0B BOrATCTBO. 

HCTOpiH HHOCTpaHHOfl JIHTepaxypH, ny^JIHUHCTHK* H KpHTHK^, 

KOTopuji noHeiiy jih6o He HamjiH ced*!^ icilcra B'h npeAunyntHZ-b 

KHara raKoro conepxcaHiH Morjia6u 6utb no hcthh^ 6jiaro- 
n^smiewh He tojibko JiJin ^icascnyn^HX'B npocBi^n^eHiH HHTareji^fl, 

HO H A^ff BCJiKarO, KTO XOT&JVh 6u SaHXTbCX ACTaJIbHO KaKHMT> 

HH6yAB BonpocoMi) HJiH MOiieHTOMi) Bi* HCToplH jiHTepaTypu. 
^aJib noaxoMy, 'ixo „yKa3axejiB'*, npn Bceft ii^hhocth coOpaH- 
uux-b BTb newh MaxepiaJiOBii, cocxaBJieni* ch xaKBiiH ynyme- 
HisiMH, KaicU HenpocxHxejiBHu saace jiJisi nepnaro onuxa. 

IIpe^KAe Bcero ohb npesBHiaflHo nenoJioH^B. IIpoB3BeAeHisi, 
He BomeAmix bi> Hero, nacHHTUBaioxai coxhbmb; icHoriJi nepio- 
^^HecKifl HSAaHiB He HC^epnanu, a ni^Koxopufl nawe hh paay He 
ynoMSHyxu, xoxb cneiiiaJiBHO HOCB5inieHi]i 6UJIH nepesoAHoft 6ej[Jie- 

XpHCXHK%. ^epeHHCJI^XB BXT» W%Th B03M0XCH0CXH. YKaXCeMl* JtJIH 

npeirilpa cepiio ^BBiSJiioxeK'B'*, ne ynoMBByxux'b bi* ^yKasaxejii^**: 
^BadjiioxeKa poMaBOBi», noBi&cxefi h x. a.^ yjiBXHsa (MocRsa 
1839—43. 24 xoica) h TjiasyHOBa (Mockbb 1836—89. 18 x.)i hBh6- 
Jiioxexa poMaHOBi>^ Poxrana (1835 r. 24 xoiia, rjjUk 6hijai npoHSBe- 
Aenifl UK. ^anena, BajDbaaKa h iip.)f nBa^JiioxeKa noB'^^cxefi h 
aHeKAoxoB'b'' M. T. KaneHOBCKaro (M. 1816 — 17. 5 xomobi»), ^Bh6- 
jiioxeKa JiBxepaxypno-xyAOiKecxBeHHux'B cxaxefl^ KyKOJibHSKa 
(5 KHHrB), ,,BH6jiioxeKa HcxopBHecKHXT» B yrojiOBHuxik poMa- 
HOB-b^ BopoHOBa (36 x.)) ^Bn^JiioxeKa B36paHHux'B poMaHOBi^ 
JlepMOHXOsa h Koiin. (1861—62. 56 kbhi^), MB«6jiioxeKa jinx 
^xeHiH" CaxapoBofl (1874— 1886^ ao 150 KHHrb), „BH6AioxeKa 
AJia AaHi** CMHpAHHa (1853 — 1858, 36 xomobt.) h x. a. Oie- 
BHAHO, ^yKasaxejiB" onenB AaneK-b oxt» xoro, hxo6h „npHBecxH 
B-h H3Bi&cxHocxb HajiB^Hufi XTOcxaBTb jiHxepaxypH^. Bii npeAHCJio- 
BiH ecxb KSLK-h 6li HaMeKi* Ha xo, hxo bt* ,,yKa3axeAb^^ KHHra 

BHOCHAHCb Ch H^^BOXOpUBrb BU6opOM'b, HXO eCJIH B7> HerO ,,B0* 

roAa AaJieKo He bca CeJTAexpHCTHKa, cymecxByioniafl Vh nepeao- 
Aaxt Ha pyccK0Mi> fl3HKi&**, xo f,BoniJio hohxh Bce Jiynmee^*. 
Me»CAy T&wh B-b neiTb nponymeH-b, nanp., „TpecceAH" reii(J)pH 
yopAa, poMaHT*, Koxopufl neqaxajiCH cb nanajia npooiJiaro roAa 
»% AByx-b ^ypHajiaxi); axo hsb HOBUX'b Bemefl, VLs-b cxapux'b 
HSB-^fecxHuxi poManoB-b H*x-b ,,3Miiu'' IIlBeftaepa. Fefina'b To- 
Boxe Aa>Ke He ynoManyrb. 3a xo noHcoHi>-AK>-Teppaftjib, Illa- 
Bexx-b H TaCopio napaAHpyiox-b bo BceMii ejiecK-fe. Mh ne irpo- 
XEBik Hxii BHeceniH Bit yxasaxejib, ho AyMaeMi^^ hto naxcH'^e 
•5ujio 6h oxMi&XHTb, Hxo ,,MaHOH'b' JlecKo'* IIpeBO, j^Opacb*' 
^op^cb SsiHu-b H ,,rocno:Ka BoBapH*^ blioijih TaKSKe B'b H3Aa- 
HiH ,,HoBofl BH6jiioxeKH'* CysopHHa. Hjisl nepBuxii AByx-b po- 
ManoB-b 3X0 eAHHcxBCHHUH oxA'^JibHHji H3AaHifl, a AJiH xpexbaro — 
cauoe AemeBoe. 

CHCxeiiaxHiHocxbio „yKa3axejib" xoHce ne 6jiemexT». Bt> 



HOBHfl KHHTH. 51 

,,npBJi03iceHiH^' CBaJieHE icacca csLnux'b .paaHOoGpasHux'b CTaxefl 
H ntBEVh 6eB'h nonuTKH pa306paTLcx bi* hhxi»; nponycKOB'b h 
dfl'^CB MHO»cecTBo. CiiHCKa coKpameHift bi> KHnri He HM^erca. 
HocTaBBTe ce6H B'h nojio^enie Toro HHTaTejia, KOToparo muf^ji-b 
B-h BHA7 ^yKasareJiB*^ h KOTopoiiy npenoAHocurb TaifB xaKia 
^YKaaaHlfl*': ,,Kp. ex. H. M. O. 3. 77 r. 8'*. Mhofo-jih okb 
uofiBierB BT» STOft ma^poBaHHOft HaAnHce? Kamb ohi» yaHaerii, 
KaKoe HSflaHie CKpuBaexcsi noAi> 6jkbbub O., H., C, h KaKoe 
o6o3HaHeHo 6yicBoft B. — ,,BpeMfl'*, „B*ctb*', „Bocxoff**' hjih 
yfB^K'b^^? HasBaHia nepejcaHu cb yAHBHTeJiBHod xa/iaTHOCTBio. 
HsflaHiji, BomeAmu bt» „Co6paHie coHHHejiifl H36paHHuxi> hho* 
cTpaHHuxT» n&caTejieft'' hu posy He o6o3HaHeHU icaKi cji'&AyeTi>: 

OHM HaSUBaiOTCH TO „H8n. 6p. IIaHTeJI%eBUX7>^S TO „H3A. B. H. 

JI/\ xoTii Ha KajKAoft iCHH»cr£ dToro HSAaniii HanenaTaHo: aajia- 
TejiB r. 6. naHTejieeB^. ^JXepeseBcxie paacKaau'^ Aydp5axa 
(h3A. JleAepjie) HasBaHU „IIlBapuBaJiBACKHMH pascKaaaMH'*; 3to« 
npaB;(a^ 6uJio 6u B%pH%e, ho 6H6jiiorpa$H^ecKift yKadarejib 
TaKHMH „HcnpaBjieHisiMH'' TOJibKo nyTaeTi* Toro, kto nnterB bi> 
Heu-B cnpaBKH. Ha orp. 23 yicasaHa necymecTByiomafl CTaTBfl 
^BojiBTepT*, Kaxi* nHcarejiB h xaici nejiOBi&iCB^' (bmI^cto „Boju>- 
Tep'B-HejiOBi^K'B H BojiBTepTy-MuoiHTejiB''). MoJioTOMy aBTopy 
cxaTefi 06% HCKyccTBi^ h KHHm o pyccKOfl JiHTepaTyp^, khsi3io 
O. M. BojisoHCKOMy, npHinicaHa cxaxB^ o EooteecmeeimaA icOJuedtu 
JXftHxa, HaneHaxaHHaJi b-b yCoBpeifeHHHK'^'' vi> 1837 rosy. B% 
QTji!kjA HCTopiH HxajiBjraoKod jiHxepaTypu KHnra IIbhto ^yHcro- 
piji BaKioHajiBHofi jiHxepaxypu'' ne HaasaHa cobc'^&m'b; jihiiib bb 
o63op'£ JdHxepaxypu o JX^Hxe ona 5m;iHexcji nofli> sarjiaBieMi ,,Hcxo- 
pHHecKie oHepKH HxaJiBflHCKofl Jiaxepaxypu'*. KcxaxH o AaHxe. 
He yKaaanu hh xaKie nepeBOAu EooKecmeemioA noMediu n en 
Hacxefi, KaKi* SapyAnaro, MHHaesa, IleTpoBa, Hoposa, hh nepe- 
BOAi* H nepecKaaib Vita Nuova b-b KHHrfi ^^TpiyM^u sKeHmHHu'', 
HH cxaxBH nieBLipeBa h Bycjiaesa. HacxB axexi* CB^n-l^Hift co- 
CTaBHTejiB MorB no^epnHyTB b-b ,,3HiiHKjioneAHHecxoM'B cno- 
Bap**' Bpoicray3a h E4>poHa, na KOTopHfl ccBuiaexca Hacxo — 
CJiHmKOM'b ^acxo, h Jia^e HanpacHo, noxoMy hxo BC5iKifi 3Haexi>, 
Hxo BT* dBWUKJioutjumecKowh c;iOBap'£ AOJi^aa 6zaTB cxaxB5i 
o BujiaiomeMCx nHcaxeji']^: ea cxaxBH dHOHicnonejuiHecKnxi* cjio- 
Bapeft npHHiixo ccuJiaxBOi b-b 6H6jiiorpa$HHeciCHXii yKasaxejiflx-B 

JIHmB XOFAa, KOraa CXaXBH aXH SBJIAIOXCII nepBOBCXOHHHKOM'B HJlH 

noAnncaHu H3b*cxhI]Imi> HiieHeM'B. Bi. oxa'I^ji* ^rsaBHux'B co- 
HHHeHifl no HcxopiH 5i3UKa H nncBMeHHocxn** cocxaBHxejiB He 
yKasajii hh oflHoro pyccKaro opHrHHajiBearo coHHHeHia no hcxo- 
plH A3UKa, xoxAa KaKB KHHra, Hanp. KpymescKaro, Kone^HOr 
npsroAH^e ajisi SHaKOMCxsa cb Hcxopiefi ssuKa, h%mi> bc* cc 
HHHeHiii, yKaaaHHH^ bi» axoM-B oxfl-iji*. HpaBjia, bi. hoicb ecxi* 
npHM'feHaHie: „noflpo6HocxH cm. bi» axofl KHHrfe b-b oxfliaaxo* 

4* 



52 PlOGBMt BfiliMCBO. 

aauKosHABUi H..TeopiA>c^OBwaoeYH.^^ Ha Ha&pacHa aeicajia. mu 

8T»K^ OXffftd|OB%i BGb. 9tQ&. UBMCfbl > WX'h. He. OfCadaJOKMOb, KftBlh Be 

OKaaajiocb » laxNiBKib j^ycHXA, ovAteoKbv Ha. Kozopiiie. tsiuk^. 
ccBuraeTCii. cocrasHMaii: ,|Cm. ciTAihBQb.$Hi[oco$tH*i. nCA&tOn&ai 
aTHKH**, ,,0SA&iiK npaaa'^'v ^il^CiKoi JiHrepaiypR*^ Hlt. Xk-^hh-^^ 
^ero atoro w!bTb^ muemBMl^ctRo^ otkya^ upomzoutMn axuceiunov.. 
HyiiepaKifl Bift yxiuaTeurti xoflKe, ovm^mai^ cosjouiBa atui tofo^ 
HTo5u ctUiBaxb. HBxaTejHi. ». Tonxj, HjMfipa, Mj^fTh. ((rrp«. 96> 
B%. TaKOita*. lU^iiAKts 5690. Ill; 3709. Ill;' 6646*. ttl; U7(k VI^^ 
2895v HI; H&CKOJi&BOtKHBn^.Ofsib nyiiepftf 3arfiHi^oii4Br&: 3477^ HE., 
YnemBfth KaKyi» HafitfjiB csctftifiy Bob. 8tbxi». dmfuan'iecniiii^ 
apadcttBX^ ■ pflMCKBxibv nw$pax.«ui. ptt»ir]kflumBH»b bik crooib. 
npazoTJiBBOif^ nppwKife', naiai. ne jMJiOCh^ cocTavuMTO^ :k^ hh 
co6jsaroBOJiK]nk« AaTB. Kjiio^i* iKb.HHirib.. Boq6b^ ^yjftaK!:^ dTQrr% 
cocTaBBTeJiB: Jla^Pom^yKo coocitaQk.npoayciajrB^ a ,|JW&chh aa^ 
naimux'b oiastti'B^v co^iB«tteH&ui HpocnepoMOk. Mepn^, taio, k 
OTHecb K^ cjsaBBHCKHir^ jxBTepaTypaiii&I • 

Han)OMHBir^ bi*^ aaicjiKraeiiiB, \tq\ uarepiaJiis^ cqlh^aHHue bi>. 
ffyKaaaTBA^^*^, cHvtaewB oieB2> uteni^icH; HeAociaxKS er^ -r 
BesojsHOTa h OeBnopBffOKb. — Qty^vh^ Komsmso^ ycrpaB^BM. bi> 
cji^yiomeirB* hbabhIbv Koxopoftf. Kaic:^ mu yB^pcHu^ oootpe^yexca. 

OHtm^ CKOpQ# 



9km. BMrepOBa. JOteMpflaTpuia xafHRrapBevMEK* Cii(^ 1897- 
r-:ica BeflrepoBa' BHanaveji^Bo cjiIabt^ aa hobbuib HanpaBjie- 
HiUMB Bit eBponeflcKoft jisTeparyp^ h ucKjcexBrk h cvapafiTca 
BHymBTB pyccKOi ny6JiHK& HHTepec&^Krb Htaoropnurik aBjiefliaM3»^ 
sanajxRaro HCKycctBia, b^ KOTopuxi* oaa bbahti> 3aHa9KK.rpH;i:y» 
meft craAiH ero paasHTiB. dra yaaerca aa^opyimjieRO HeBcerjtia^ 
OH^ Be yMi^erib c6jih3hti> ^HTaTejur ci^ xyao^saaacowh^ h caMCb 
cKjioHeH'b yBJiexaTBGii ne to, hto6^ HeHCKpeHBo, bo xaaoABo^ 
roJioBofl. XyAOBcecTseHHfiie aneiieHTH Kpaflve cjia6u Btb ero« Aa- 
poBaniH, B wh aTHx-B M^^PSLic^epHCTHKax^ii''^ HHTepecHux-b Jitomeft 

MU He HainJIBHH OAHOft ^HBOft HHZCKBHAyaJIBHOCTH^ IIo coflepBca^ 

HiK) KHHra r-3iCH BenrepoBaft coBnaj(aeT% bo UHoroirb ci» HSBi^cx* 

HUMOb KpBTHHeCiCHMtb HaM^JieTOM'B HopAay; HO HaCKOJI&KO :kb3- 

HeHHH H spKH $arypiii bi» HeonpaBeA-nHBUxi* h. jiaobhtuxi* 
OHepsaxii nBupo^jieHi^^', nacTOJibKO OH-fi bhjiu k cftpu B'b na- 
HerHpHKax7> r->KH BenrepoBofl. npBHiiiin'B, c& tohkh dp^Hifl ko- 
Toparo HopAay o6o6msai» SBJieHiB Hosaro eBponeftcKaro Hocyc- 
CTBai 6ujrh^ KOHenno, Bu6paH% HenpaBHJibHo, h npoBe^eHie ero 
nosejio 3a co6oio iii&JiHfi psix^ neJi'l^niiix'B cysKAenifl. Ho y aBTppa 
,,XapaKTepHCTHK'B^ w^Th HHKaKoro o5o6niaiomaro Hana^a, nivh^ 
no Kpaftnefi Mi&p']^, hohutkb bubchhtb ero— h oG^manie asTopa 
^noKasaTb o6niyK) HjiefiHyio ocaoBy bi> TBopHecTB'j& cospeMeHHUX'B 



53 

noaroro s xyjioacHaieoB^ paafBuxb e^oHeicRHX'bCTpaKlnb** ociaeTCii 
«eBBiii0JiBcsiBi2iii», ^ilo cKpiflBaetcx aa amn BpecjiosymifB 
nSt^ikgwhi^r*': ,^BjtteaJiHOTviieeicoeBCKyocTBo'*, ^BOBas icpacoTa^? 
BicnMaiBiBaerb-jiH aBTo^, odljso Gpocalekmifi xxib^ Kaxoe-BB^yztb 
'onpeTd^JieoHoe conepsKaHie bi> btb. noj^arjinBUJi ^opMyjiu? dvoro 
«e BBSBO. Bhaho, HaoGopoTb, CTpeiiaieBde, ^B^^Tb jibBa ci» jm- 
jiieft", nofiVH fUL Bcrpi'^Y spoTHBOOCMKMKfiUMrb vne aicneKtHKoio 
corJiacBiaiiKb Tpe6oBariiaii%, K<m>pi»i npejiifliBJiflioTCJi kb liCKyc- 
CTBy pasmoodpasHsnH «a.vpaBJieHuniH oCmecTBeBBoft h hojihth- 
^ecKoA XC1I3HH. ABT0p7>— Bi* cyfltHocTH, Bi* paofr&arh <rh cbokmb 
KCXOSBHHH roHKaim ap^Hix— C7byA0B0Ji&CTBieir& oTirfrvaerb, hto 
HOBoe eBponeficKoe HCKyxtcTBO cosjiajio nonoanneinMKie siiveajRf , 
^OKaaajio BniKHie Ha oGsiecTBeHftyio boibhb, eBusftvo Ch bkosomh- 
YMKBMB « HpaBCTBeHBuifai j^BBJiceHuiini fl T. fl. 9vo flR moKpevtiO. 
EcnH-lta 3Ta cTopoHa ^boboA -Kpacorru^ ^arna A«f)ora'aBTOf>y., ro, 
<hiTb M03icerft, iitcTo rmaoTO HpaBoav^cTHHica ^dTB^Beaoaix) on^o- 
meoifl Kib acnaHB^, Kavb YaMjihrn*^ ^eajio i^tjmom, Ay, xoTsr-^«i 
Deif^pn yepsf^^oTopifll ee raonb imoienti ho ^Jift^cei^fc ^cryYcoi^ 
•cpaicnneoKBiffe BoiQX>oaMib Baraesro BpoieHH h, rJnasBoe^ eosHa- 
reHBHo (StDODRe. Abtop% yiiasHBaen» ea to^mo ;tB'b AarjiiMpas- 
-BHTie yww^eHBaroscKyecTBa h orslneHeiisoAvoaacB Hpepa4N^Jm- 
itwik HJteTib pyte x>6'B pyicy cob oGBOftSonHTenBHun ;iiBB:KesAeMi> 
pnCoHaro Kjmeoa ■ osHsm &9i» caicuxi» Bimmmcccx ieomobi> 
^BJixevcfl BBi«iiism» Moppscii, repoft oftpoxHUxi*' MBnraroB% b pa- 
-^o^nm^ MBwa^eMiA **, Ho inb 'HOff& npHKBpnovcfl bth sanpaxjie- 

Hifl, rRft'<«H[Te8l aiVKH B BCTetrMKH, aBtO|}% s "Be aHTaeTCH pi* 

nnifib. A B'k cyfiiHocTH, silA, Jiitoo ne bi» imii», "no MoppBCi* 
BHl^mBBaeTcs 3% pft6o«iee KBH^iceHie, ano^ciiy tw^aio n^&juteth. 
'CuaSBTh Bi»'3aci7ryry "BOBOMy HCKyccTBy «ro9TvteaDft xapaacrepi* 
HiAenb sposo sihjbb toti>, ^kto noitancenb «xib "taeoGgLOjUBfyio 
<rB5r3ib>. 

drviecKie KOMeRTU Be nyoicxu HOBOiry McKfPCCTBy^i ho oera bxo- 
jljm» srii Hero He b% rpy<^ofi ^^fOfpai cnyHataHzi coBnaoieHiA, 
Ha ^ToecTB pasposneHHueHairam h Bt>icHBr% r^aoi BeHrepoBoA. 
Ho oHa HeycToflnHBa bi» BosaptsfBtrb h vM^cro cuil^oft napTiteofi 
sao^m irHAHBHAyajniCTHHectfaro BCKyccTBa, cb Roropoft MorJSH- 
cu cvnajhesi ero hpothsbhich, majia dKJieicTH^eCKie o^epxH, ko- 
TopuoTB esBa-JiH cjysmfi^o BOsfiynHTb BipyccKOfi ny6j7nac% HHTe- 
pack Ki> BO'BOMy eBpolieftcKOMy HCxyccTBy. 



BMy afiaaHin it watiaji^fidm. IlepeBoXi E. A. SB^rHHuesa mxh pexas^i^fi 
H cb npe^trcjc^^etti H. &. BiipieBa (KyjCbTypHO-^HctopH^ecBaa 6i6jiioTe]ta 
O. fi. nonoBoi) CBB. 1697. 

no H3CJ8^aoBaHiK> BeaiHKaro icyjSBTypHaro ABH^eHisi Havana ho- 



54 PyCCKOS BOrATGTBO. 

BOfi eBponeflcKoft BCTopiB bi* Hameft nepeBOj(Hoft jiHTepaTyp'B> 
iiM'^^eTCflt onea tojibko KHnra JIioABHra Feficcepa— TpyA% ci» ycTa- 

HOBHBmefiCH HSBi&CTHOOTBK), HO He JIHmeHHUft H'&KOTOpUXl* HpO- 

6^JiOB'h H, KaKi* HSB-I^CTHO, 6oJi^e 5oraT£ifl ^aKTHneCKHMH 
AaHHUMB, H'l&irb pyicoBOflHmHMn HAeflMB. ^HcTopiii pe$opMai:(iH 
Bi> FepiiaHiH'* Bernajshna, (hsx co6paHiB: OHxeHa), nepeBOAi* ko- 
Topofi, BaicB 6ujio oei^aBJieHO, fotobhtcji TenepB kt» ne^aTH, 
He saui&HHT'B, BilpHO, KEBPfl Teflccepa. nodToicy HejiBss He npH- 
6']&TCTB0BaTB nepeBOAi* coHRHeHix BapAa, nanHcaHHaro ex xoft 

CTporOOTBfO H CaMOCTOaTeJIBHOCTBIO, KOTopas TaKl> rapMOHH-SHQ 

coeAHHHeTCii B-B Tpynax'B anrjiiflCKHX'B yqeHiazi» cb mHpoKHBfB, 
oCodmaiomHiTB xapaKTepoMi> HsnosceHis. 

Pe;iHrlo3Hafl pe^opMaui^ XVI Bi^xa He npeACTaBJueTCfl BapAy 
o6oco6jieHHzaM'B MOMeHTOMi.; bi* ochob-^ cBoefi ona Aasice He ica- 
^ercji any ^ABBXceHieMi) teojiorH^ecKHifB, pejiHriosHUM'B hjih 
aepKOBHUMT»^. Ob'b BHAHTi* Bi* Heft jiBHiB HacTB Tovo MoryHapo 
Boapo^AeHiB leAOB^necKaro Ayxa, KOTopoe AaAo HasfB BOByio 
nayicy. ^Ona 6u;ia oAHOfi CTOpoHofi o6nxefl peaKixieft npoTHB-B 
iiepKOBHaro h acKexHHecKaro Ayxa cpeAHHX'B b^kobi* bo hmb 
djijraHCKoft mucjih: 6£iAa BOdBpamenieMi. kt» npapOA*^^ ne bos- 
CTaBaa, OAHaKO, npoTaBT» Bora, o6panxeHieMT» Vb pasyiiy, Aa- 
BaBmeMy ir&cTO h ajib npocrofi hokophocth 6B6AiH h XpBcry^. 

C00(5pa3H0 Cl> BTHMl* aBT0pl> HaHHHaeX'B CB paSCMOTp'l&HiB Ti&Z'B 

nonuTOK'B pe(^opMu, KOTopuB npeAmecTBOBajiB pe^opMaqiH. Ohi> 
pasABqaeT'B bi> nHxi* Tpn KJiacca. Pe^opMU KaxoABHecKiB Bupa- 
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ABIDB B Hy^KAUX-B peABFiB BHTepecoBi> HpaBBTejied B AyxoBeB- 
CTBa. BTOpOfi KJiaCCl> — pe^OpMU MHCTB^eCKiB; BBABBCB A^OM'B 
B'b BUCOKOfl CTeneHB ABHHUM'Bf BHABBBAyaJIBHHM'B, CTdBB OT- 

A'^ABHyio Ayuiy Bi> r]§CHK[B, npBMUB, BenocpeACTBeHHUfl OTHome- 
HiB ch BoroMi* 6e3'h nocpeACTBa CBflmeHHBica bjib TaBHCTBa, mbc- 

TBUBSMX CXOABTCfl C7> Cy67>eKTBBBB[M'B HpBHIlCBnOM'b OpOTeCTaB- 

TB3Ma B ^panixBCKaHCKie y,firaticelli'', Tepixiapin b H'l&iiemde 6e- 
rapAK noAxoABAB BHorAa 6ab3koil'b usmajiawh^ B08B'£meHHfaiMi> 
pe^opMaiiieft. HaK0Hem>, tpotbb KaxeropiB pe$opifaTopoBi> ao 
pecJopMaiiiH— BajiBACHCu, Bnicjie^'B, TyccB— b no MexoAy, h no 

BUBOAaMl> XaKl* CBABHO HaHOMBHaiOXl. JllOXepa B IXBBHrAB, HXO 
Hy^HO yABBABTBCB, HOHeMy OBB Be BM^AB xaKOFO-^e ycH'&xa, 

KaKofi BLinaJii* na rojno hoca^ahbx'b. CA^AyiomiB AeKiiiB xpaK- 
xyK>xi> o B03po)KAeHiB HayBx B'B TepifaBiB b HxajuB, o BH'&m- 
HBXii npoflBJiefiiBX'B pe$opMauiBy o en npBHiiBnax'B, o esL oxho- 
meniB ki* pasyncy b cbo6oa'^« B'b nocji^AHefi AeicixiB npeBOcxoAHO 
oxapaKxepBSOBaBa cyniHocxB tofo MOMenxa b7» Bcxopin mlicjib^ 
Koxopufl onpeA'^AHexcB Ba^iaAOMT» rocnoACXBa nay^Haro MexoAa, 



HOBUfl KHHrH. 55 

,,J[iOAH jBHji^JiB, HTO rjiyno cxpoHiB ompoKiH npejinoJio^ccHia h 
noTOB4i> cTapaTBCfl HacHJiBHO noflroHflXb ki» hhmi. $aKTU... HayKH 
oAHa sa flpyrofi oTKasuBajiHCB oti» npnHimna aBTopHTOTa h ao- 

Bi^pflJIH TOJU»KO TOMy, HTO MO^KBO 6hjio 05oCHOBaTI». H CBo6oAa 
MUCJIH, p^^H H XCH3HH 6£IJia npaKTHHeCKHMl> nOCJli&ACTBleM'L 

HayHHaro Meiojia. HnHcro He MO>KeTi> 6hti. nejiorH'iHi&e, icaKi. 
npeAOCTaBHTb Bce CBo6oAHOMy nscjii&AOBaHiio, a ero pesyjiBta- 
TaMi* yrpoxcaTB HatcasaHieMi*". Bi> bthxi* H^eflxi. KopeHHic^ 
rjiy6oKoe paanHHie MeiKny noBepxHOCTHO cxokhbimh pauioHajiH- 
CTOMi» 3pa3MOMi>, 6e3CTpamHO saHHMaBoiBucfl kphthkoA xeKCTa, 
B JIiorepoMi*, sasBjiflBinHMit, hto ^^pasyMi* eoTB nepsan h3% AbH- 
BOJibCKHxit 6jiyAHHm>''. TepsaeMuft BHyTpenHHMH npoTHBop'^- 
HijiMH, JIiOTepi» 6hijn» o6jiRHfiTenewh pa3yMa, aBTopBTexii koto- 
paro ^yBCTBOBajirb bi» ce6i&. T0'5ice 6ejjio ci> BonpocoMi> o pe 
jiHrio3Hoft CBo6ofli&. JXaBi> b7> obohxi> co^uiHeHixxi* uohth 3a- 
KOHHeHHyio Teopiio pejiariosHofi cbo6oau, ohi> He pa3C'mTaJii>, 
HTO npoTecTaHTHSMi* He orpaHHHHTOH ero $opMofi npoxecra, hto 
cpejKH HHTejieKxyajiBHofi 6ypH, BU3BaHHofi pe jtopilaaiefi, 6yAyTi> 
BUCKastiBaTBCfl y6^3KAeHifl, aobojilho AajieKin oti* opTOjioKcajiB- 
Haro npoTecTaHTH3Ma; h3b^cthh ero oTHomeHiH ki^ aHa6anTH- 
CTaMi>, — a owh eme 6ujn» iiarHe jipyrnxii. KajibBHH'B He comh^^- 
sajicfl Bi> cBoeMit npaB'£ KapaxB ,,HecorjiacHo MLicji^nxHX'B" ca- 

MLIMH KpyTUMH lli^paMH, a „MflrKifi'* MeJiaHXTOH-b, HHCKOJIBKO' 

He K0Jie5jiflCB, BHpa3HJii» cBoe nojiHoe co^yncTBie KaJiBBBHy^ 
Korsa TOTik 3axBaTHJii> h KasHHJi'B CepBera. Bi» flajiBH'^fiineMi> 

pa3BHTiH CB'£tJIUH B033pi&HiH JliOTepa sarjioxjiH h CKOpO ^HOBaH 

■ o^icecTO'^eHHaH TeoJiorHHecKaii HenaBHCTB 3aM'^HHjia crapyio''. 
KaxoBU 6I2JIH T& HOBUH pejiHrio3HiM yneniH, npoTHBi> KOTopuxii 
• HanpaBBjiacb HOBan odium theologieum, HdJiaraerb cji^^yiomaH 
jieKKis; OTjiijihBUH rjianu nocBsmeHBi HCTopin pe^opMaaiH bi> 
niBefliiapiH H AnrjiiH h pasBHjiio npoxecTaHTCKoft cxQJiacxHKH. 
3xHMi> KOHHaexcfl cneidajiBHoe Hdcn-^^AOBanie Bonpoca bi> era 
xeojiorHHecKHX'B MOMenxaxi*. Tlocji^jiaisL xpH JieKiiiH Hocflxi» mH- 
poKift xapaxxepii hcxhhho icyjiBxypHoft HCxopiH. Fjiana o pasBH- 
xiH KpnxHHecKaro flyxa btb BBpon']^ Hpe3BLiHafiHo nnxepecHa. IIpo- 
ixeccb pasBHxifl „BHcmefl kphxhkh**, KOHe^HO, ne npencxaBJisexca 
asTopy 3aK0HHeHHUMi>. Ki. co»caji']&HiK), Koneirb axofl jieKnia, 
npejKCxaBJiHiomift h31» ce6a aobojilho nexajiBHoe H3Jio»eHie pe 
syjTbxaxOB'B 6H6jieftOKOfl kphxhkh 19 B'^Ka, npHOUiocb BunycxaxB, 
paBHo KSLich H nanajio cjii&Ayioniefl, nocBHoxeHHoft paaBHxiio <^h- 
./ioco$cKaro Mexo^a h Haynnaro H3CJii&fl0BaHiH. Jlnsi JIioTepa eme 
He cynxecxBOBajio noHHxie ecxecxBeHnaro 3aK0Ha; Me;iaHxxoHi> 
xBepflo B'kpmji'h B-h acxpoJioriK). Ho yace bi. 1543 r., 3a xpn 
rofla Ao CMepxH Jlioxepa, KonepHHKi. ony6jiHKOBaJii> cbok) KHHry, 
Id acxpoHOMiH, cxap-feflmaa h3'b ecxecxB^HHuxi* HayKi> h nepBtifl 
Coem, Ha py6eaci& Meiicfly nigpofl h 3HaHieM7», npHHHJia, xoxsi h 



56 ri0aB0BiMK13!CTB0. 

mt wB<xBB^i:Ga»,jTOTbimBjKhriVOTopuA ;oHa .co^pMSMjuiia oiO' cero 
XBS. BunepjKamb:iHaTHCKi>x)inionitts,ia€X|aB^ caofi 

DOCT% £e<nOXZhl, KOVCfpJIOf C^BBJUL I7eO9tA^pa3BBlis;unIIP0HQX(H 
9KX€Hie BHA4m!B^»^9TH HblOVflHOBGBCisi^HaPiaJia^ IHameFOr CTQJIl&Tkl, 

<6iJuon HSAattu .iomiB iS'B . 1869 . cosy. 3th $aKTU HaBosarb 
aBiopa Ha \«hcjii>, .^hc' cJiiSg^yeTb jnoTapyio Bi^py sipaMBpfHTb (Tb 
eoBOfi 'ji^tcTBHcejiBfioeEBuo .iiyi!tMi> yerpaBcoix vnd^KovopsQEBi h8% 
RA:co€TaBBuaub ^HaoTeA, Kan> o6ycjio«neBaux«> *9PdMeHeifa» h 

:Ho afU:Be.iDocj££jiy69i3>:aataBxopoii'b;»i» ero ^terocJioBGKBZtb 
oao6pa»ceHiaxi>, He Hii^iooutx-b npfliioro xnDaaoaeHifl /Ka> .-sctoph- 
HecKOMy YHSCji^osaBiiQ, . Aa tccie .eKOMKaHBfiDMb ^si> pyccjcoii«» «ne- 
peeoj^. rBEaca* . npaajieicaiox^b -sob xamr^ rBsfmarHeieYH ancv, a 
npeBQCxojiHO .aaAfMaaaoe 'H BttnoaBeHHoeiHay«i^iefoaiHoro^H3i» 
aaH6oji£e rHBTepefiBuxi» Hsiopn^ieeKKXi* MO]teBiKKB&. fie combS- 
Baeiica, hto axa CTopoaa, oo^tb r BCHepnHBjrpmagt xxjufptairie 
MOHorpniiiHiBBpff^, .caiyMCHTi> ^aaJIo^ol<l> .rex .laapttKaro ^ji .npo*i- 
Haro-^ycnfixa. 



Jloseai H .wifqwHHiaiaHBaB^XBopa'JbDffdBBBa'Xy H^tfaplH AarjOBavm. 
IIe|>. ei .^paH99B«Baro. B8?(. JL. 7^. UaHrejrbeBa. .Oa6. 1897. 

tABnop'i* BixxAMOHHTHttBe Hit^jia* o6iiH^nnDeauAUHib ^[f&iicft; ottb 
<Ktc9[B eHHOxoivnejieB& ^kb nopoHa]i& 4>6fl(ecTBa, faocji^ncrie ahh 
icoTapaiY>.p«cyeTa);iiaKaiaHaB oropoaa «aBB88H ^paHnysoKara-XBopa 
Hpomaaro rBdhna jipHB«»i»ei9> ero camiaTifl BaoroitMco, ^^no ot- 
TamcBOBaiQiiiaii kHojauiafliGa eiofi iCjieorameA makmBBCfm ^ixo^h 
Boerjia saxoaHT8> y laBToparaqpubBaBHieBibi jnHpoictHrbv *^ciuHDKoii% 
rnHpoKOMgi ■gnrjMa^ oa 8eiOH,tKoxapii^ioHa> cairb, ib4^obtho, > chmt 
Taerx> .BpxopHHeoKainb. -Ho '0h«> xopomift h iiipaiiXQiBfi8& £ptfBOiMB* 
HHK%, H /TO, RTo ^ftofliaifiHo iBMOTyiHiTb Ha nepBHft nnoH^ 4IBCIfy- 

IXftet^, ^CBH Be ^BQb BrO «HHlf£, TO 4B& 'miOJSH ^HaiUTQJIH, iTBS0b 

xaiob ^aiBTMi xooOmaeMue .aBropojiii, AocmcxoHHO XApaicrepKH h 
roBopfl?^ 'CaMHaa(<a6y5ji,»&e'5oBOB (H&KaKOCO'OCBilnreBisi.fiaapaaiio 
.^O9T0My aBirQpi* ;HaccaaBBeTi> sa nomb, ^nro ^^npyris ^bhokh, 'tisnb 
«(0»cen», sajiH 6oJi£e reaiaaibBBcnb jiiojieft, BovH'BgbiKaKoe StPY- 
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orpacjUQUb "lejiOB^vecKan) yva ih ^Gaxrite ip^niccft 'y90H«eHHl>cv£r'^ 
He axa iBrpymeBBaH nKyjibTypa yua'', (^BpSL9ffim>uo yxoAiiBiaafl 
Bfb BTOMi> nXopQxneMa> odmeor^^gr" Ha caJioBHBCB ^jmvpgjuai h 
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co5jiip;ieBiio imnapaBox^i 2L&poQzanD'TaaBra,90 ^to 5b[ to sh cra^o, 
ocTaBJi3ioiri> p&naN)mee Mne^aaorbuit Jipa BBaicoudS^ Cb BVyt- 
pfViffieA ^^cBaBiOD btoto •ofoiecTtBa, a vcoKDe to HenoTMisBie, — 
no^eMy axoTSb .pasjoo^jiBmi^GH h jiaKHBfiiS Mipa> nepsicajicsi TaR% 



57 

AOBaHieMit, OHa, tfilTfc 'teaseea^ paammaojuMu 4»m ciJMiilMia, 
HO dro n^itty-^piMia'Kb, jimxmM oUpejdbMnryio KaptMry §BiTa 
€e8% 'BCAKHiib «0inieBTapl0B'&. 

A «apTMB d<ra teBaefrB HoOTftCi* o^^hb 7not$oqE«THa. Botnb, 
aalipMi4&p<b, Bttociicopojxiic>e KATOJiiMeci^M ^Gi6i^ ti3% koto- 

paro vaxxm^Vh itp^iHBKHOBeBHue samHtHBini asimps, ik^erib «i> 
HepKOBB. ^Bitt^To toe m^fjio mmimeiT^B <i6nrBf^tJiian» bb/Hka ^tctb 
e% BocKt>eceHBe «c>B o&lls&il... Ho ^e Y^mfusritteoib^ ecj»H HOpoio 
vejiiJtiBetPh 7Jitt6iGa 'Ha ycraxi iiexinvftx^ii; tasismA Ttepiri^HTB 
Bi> py4caxi> -irojHmeaEMKVi h, ivaBSjKUMwy, fl0£^yiReH% •i^ Kfin^- 
cQacHTejiiim^ ^nreiB^e; bo -eosiH laa icopemic^ sHa^qarcx ^iaoocMB%, 
TO MiyT^ 'saKjnoHaeTCx ^c60pHak% <;KaBMiHe»HHXf> 'h <:«a6fie8- 
Bii:ft«r pa3<2tta30B«b. Bmopo wrovo ' ae <XfUBaeTi>, 4i bC% 9t« iCBttMtta 
<]fcTaidTCfl %*& ^eplK&B no at%jS!fnm0iPo BOCKpecevhSL b% '^aciM^pii- 
xei0H o»yr% h iio0ioTepiMi», KOMpsnii* ttpeflociMffJiiieTai {>a8- 

fmaih «0 Bcett% « Boeroa. A|ncieiiHOMifi» jEts^Cbodb, UteeiKM)^ tia 
«<K:npe«ieH)e TpletitCKaFo ^cotSopa^ ropw«HI mo0BM&fih is^eotu; Ba 
TO K% CBJiHftHittKailib CBivefi eoa^xiHottk CTpoxce, HiM% txrh «eM, 
^ ifffiCjAny^th nxib aa Mioty. ^flo, 4i%Xb» Mjbh iCKfpe TaftMce 
ji«>6jnnb ^oMTry, itcaitt* a 'Bfa^-^Mni^'Meiib «iiy JB»ndft»t% XVI,— 
no^ify-^^fee "Mi Bmso^MTe vro oeOfe h saap^Biaerne bM!^?^ — ,|lIo 
o4eHB ^iq^ocToA ttpnvtadk^ Bame «iejnr«ecno: moh fiopofitt tf^Mc- 
xoKiiprb oTi> BKMft ^aiiftxiB, « fiopon iMttxi icnpe opsHas^- 

Ha pasy (3% KpaiilBBm *aojio6octp«ctieMi» {osopa — QesrpaHB^ 
BBfl paiScKafl «eHaKi€m> npoTHBi* vjiaci«emHa, dtn^xtflaintardicfl 

JtSJlBTB no CBMliy. JlMCfODbETHO BHS%Tb, oiK) iBCII tpUBh^ BUJMtfm 

BnecTt^ncvBtMip&BontsiJi^omamb n^H^eirb'tta Bec^acmyiro ^Ma^pUo 
A«7aBevry;MMD^)ia^8i> maofpu,, BtepoAi* He neptouft Manamb Da 
KcfpoidMy, oHi» "be i0ttJi% aiBvopoii«» Tttfcma.i» naoiSM^feft, 'koto- 
psM paonpocTpofi^mHOB «ictojimco jiiMYe2m>M, ^o necuiMaDitaeB 
Tva^e vh Xlewj^pVTb. y,O0% vhc&tb upaao BClpdtBiax%iio3!«0H- 

ROCTtt, TaKl> KttTB-OHH BCXOHHJIH Otl> OMIOFO TKBOpa'S 

O caMOirb repo% leaKm Morpa ^KasaTB ««<et^; oh7> atepe- 
ceH% jiBGOB ica«> utim^iHBi'ft apcACTavHtejiB cBoero paczrymeilnairo 
BpeMCHH, H ero 6iorpa$ifl — toabko paifica ajis HHrepecHofi, itoni 
H H^CKOJiBKo pacTAHyToft, HCTopHHecKofi KapTHHu. KHsry Morpa 
MO^HO peKOMCHjioBaTB TOMy o6DiHpHOMy KJiaccy HHTaxeJiefi, ko- 
Toptai 9me 'OayvaeTrB 3a BCiiopii^ecKOlft 3iOBorpa(I>ieA e ysjieicaeTCfl 
pOBaaoafB: otoa mt^Th KocToancTBa nocjAsHsiro h He HMi&erB 
ero i!eitoctaTKOBT>. 



58 pyCCKOE BOFATCTBO. 

MosrOBaa pa6oTa k neperoyjueHie. JIj. BjidRBa. nepeBoxi ci 
asriiflcsaro. Hsx- ^- IlaBieHKOBa. !(. 30 son. Gn6. 1897. 

nonyjupHafl dpomiopa H. Bjibkksl HaoHcaHay vh oOmeu-h^ 
TOJIKOBO H 06men0HiiTH0. EOJIbinHHCTBO coo6QxaeMuxi> aBTopoiii> 
cBi^Ai^Hift, KOHe^o, yse hsb'^cthu oGpasoBalfiBUMi* jiiioflHMi», 
xoTji BcerAa He6e3nojie3Ho eme pa3i> hxii ycjiucnaTb. OAHaKO, 
bib pasCHpaeMoft 6pomiopi& mo^ho HafiTH ee iiajio h TaiCHxi* CBt- 

fl'^Hifl, KOTOpum, 6UTB MO^erBf He HSB^CTHU H JIIOAflMl>, CT05I- 

mHiTb bi> nepBuxi* pjiz(axi> Hamefi BHTejuiBreHiiiH. TaKi>, Hanp., 
jiiOAH, saHBTue yMCTBeHHUMi» Tpyfloicb H BeAymie CHAfl^ift o6' 
pa3i> ^H3HH, n36iyiceLnM-6hi uaovRX-h 6oJii&3Hefl, ecjiH-6u nOM- 
HHJiH, HTo y Hacb |)06e3ne<ieHHLie jiioffH ^jisTh 6oJi^e, "vkwh 
3TO TpeCyexca hxi> opraHHSMOM'B^ (cxp. 17); hto »npH onpefl-fe- 
jieHiH AieTju cJi'^AyeTi. npHHXTb bo BBBManie, hto npB cHA^^ieft 

3KB3HB UtB^e TpeGyeTCB 3iCBB0TH0fl IIHniB** (CTp. 18), BCJli^ACTfiie 

Hero ,,roBflABHy h fiapanBHy j^ojiyicno ^cjh ne 6ojr£e osHoro 
pa3a Bi. cyxKH** (cxp. 18). To, hxo aBxoprb roBopaxi* o Bpejjife 
KypeaiB xa6aKy h ynoxpe6jieHiH cnapxHMX'B HannxKOB^b, KOHe^^BO, 
no KpaftHeft M-^p^ bi^ o6mHxi> nepxax'b, bc^mi* hsb^cxho. Ki* 
co^aji']&Hiio, asxopi* HHoraa dA'^cb BupaxcaexcA He jiobojibho 
onpen^eBBo. „Ec;iB, roBopHxi> oh7» na cxp. 18, cnapxHue HanBXKH 
noxpeCjiJiioxcB b-b o^enb 6oJii>raoMi» KOJiB^ecxB'^, xo aJiKoroJib yfla- 
jisitTCSL H3i> opraHH3Ma repeal* hohbh b xaKii paanpaxcaexi* xKasb 
axBXi> opraBOBit, hxo bi> pesyjiBTaxI^ moikcx* noJiynaxbCB 6paft- 
xoBa 6ojfk3Bh^ BJiB xpoHBiecKoe Bocnajienie noneicb^^ OABaKo, 
8X0 ,,oqeBb 6ojibmoe kojibhcoxbo*', o Koxopoin* roBopBxi aBxopi», 
Be xaKii sejiBKo, KaK!b Mo^Kexii noAyiiaxb bboA HBxaxejib. Y^Ke 
npB npB npieM^ Bxenesie cyxoK'b 30 rpauMOB'b ajiKoroJia, axoxi* 
ajiKoroJib nosBJiiiexcB bi* uoh^; a htoCu Bunaxb 30 rpaMMOB-b 
aJiKoroJiB By3KH0 noxpe5HXb 75 rpaMMOB^b copoKarpaflycBofl boakb. 
A xaK-b icaKi* 75 rpaicM. boakh bm%ioxi> oG^beMi* Hi^CKOJibKO 6ojib- 
mift ^ cxaKana b H^CKOJibKO MeHbmift n cxaicaHa, xo, KaKi* hh- 
xaxejib BBABTb, AJifl xoro, hxo6li ajiKOroAb hobbhjic^ bt. moh* 
(a axo yKa3UBaexi>, hxo ohi» nponieJii> nepesi. hohkb, pasupaiicaH 

BXl. XKaHb), Hy3KH0 BLIBBXb HC XaKOe J^'b „OHeHb COJIbOIOe KO- 
JIHHeCXBO BOAKB^^ KOBC'^HO, OXl* HOBBJieBiB aUKOFOJIB Bli UOH^ JXO 

6paflxoBoft 6oji'£3HB eme AajieKo, ho, bo bcbkomx cjiyHa,% axo— 
Hanajio. 



BeacaepTle erb tqhbh sptnia dBOJQn>]](ioHHaro HaTjpajnnBa. 

JEeKiliA, HHTaHHafl bi JKeHeBcsoiCb yHHBepcHxerb bi anpd^ 1894 r. h bi* 
Cop6oHHi Bi Mapii 1895 r. ApKBHOMi CaOaTbe, ACKaHOH'b ecxecTBeHHO- 
HCTopH^ecsaro ^^syATexa, xHpeKxopon'b HCTopH^ecKaro HHCTHTyxa b<b Moh- 
nejibe, a xasse naqaibHKKOii'b sooiorH^ecsofl cxaniUH bi CexTb. IlepeBOX'B 
B. 06peHM0Ba. Cn6. 1897 r. U;. 60 k. 

He CMOxpa na o6Hjiie rpoMKHXb yqeHHxrb xBTyjiOBi* aBxopa, 



HOBBIfl BHHTH. 59 

MU AepsaeMrb CKi^saTB, ^zto KHHra ero OTJiH^aeTcs 6o;iBiimMi> 
jierKOM£icjiieMi>, Taicnirb jiencoMuoiieirb, KOTepoe no obohmi> pe- 
syjiBTaTaicrb hh^mi> He oTJiHHaeTca on> "uiCTaro Hesi^xcecTBa. 
Mu, KOHeHHO, AaJieKH oti> sepsKofi mucjih aaaonospHTB bi> He- 
B%3KecTBi& Aexana $aKyjibTeTa, Hnraionxaro JieKKin h bj, napH»c- 
cKofi Cop6oHHi§ H Brb ^eHCBCKOMx yHHsepcHTeT^. Ho ua .Moxceurb 
npHsecTH He iiajio M^crb bbt* ero khhth, b-b KOTopuxi) ji-^jia- 
lOTCsi yTBep^AeHiH , Ao TaKoft creneHH JiHmeHHux ocHOBanis, hto 
MU co<ijiH-5u asTopa aa nejiOB'^Ka Bes'i^xcecTBeHHarOy ecjiH-5u 
BHHMaTejibHoe HTenie ero khefh He npHBejio Haci^ Kr& yC'^^^Aeniio, 
HTO BeoBMa HacTo ynenocTB aBTopa 5uBaerb 6e3CHJiBHa cofiJia- 
jiaTB ch ero JierKOMucJieHBoft pHTopHKofi. BorB, nanp., oaho 
H3i> TaKHXi> ifilcrb. Hy^KHO aaifi^THTB, hto bto onenb Ba^Boe 

Mi^CTO, h60 BT> HtWb aBTOp'B, TpaRTyiOHlifi O 5e3CMepTiH CB TOHKH 

ap^Hin 960Ji4(n9i(>HHa%o HomypoAUSMaf roBopHTb o tomi>, b% HeMi> 
saKJiioHaeTcs BTOTB BBOJiioitioHHufl HaTypaJiH3Mi>. „BjiiflHie cpejiu, 

rOBOpHTB CHI., JCBJliSi XCHBOTflaro 0praHH3Ma'npHH0pCBHTbCfl BTb 

OKpysaioniHiii'B ero ycnoBisiMii, oahemI) cjiobobtb, npHcnoco6jieHie, 
KOTopoMy BejiHKifi JlaMapK'B npHCBOHJii> rjiaBHyio pojib b-b npoHc- 
xo^KeniH b«aobi>, — npHcnoco6jieHie, roBopio h, CHOBa 3aHHJio bo 
BHEManiH HaTypajiHCTOBB to m'^cto, KOTopbiui* esBa-6ujio He 3a- 
BJiAJLijiSL 6e3i> BCHKaro Ha to npasa jiapBEHOBCKan Teopin ecTe- 
cTBennaro noA6opa. Ho npHcnocoCjienie opraHH3MOBi> ecTb HBJie- 
Hie CKop^e Hdi o6jiacTH BHyTpeHHefl ^hshh, h%mi> psiKb jx^ActbiA 
Hapy»cHuxi>, BH£niHHxi>. Pa5oTa npHcnocodJienifl eoTb paGora 
HHTHMHan; opranHdMi^ npe:iCAe Bcero pa6oTaeT2> Hani> caMHMi> 
co6oiO H He BHocnrB 6opB6u bi. cpeAy Jipyrnxii. Oh'b npuMfb- 
HjiemcH Kz ydoffcmeoMz oKpyoteaiamuxh ctfuteomeh (?1) (KypcHBi. Hami>) 
6oJii&e, ^iwh caui* 3acTaB;iseT'i> Hxrb npHMi^HXTbCH k^b cbobmi* 
co6cTBeHHHMi». OH'B noflHHHiieTCfl H HpeoCpasoBUBaeTCfl cKop^e 
caM-B, ^^wh CTapaexcH nopa5oTHTB Cit6^ h HCTpe6HTB jipyrHX'B. 
^ECHBOTHoe, poAHBmeecfl b-b xenjiOMB KJiBMar^, OyflynH nepeneceHo 
B-B cypoBufi, HOKpuBaeTCfl flJiHHHOK) H rycTofl mepcTBK)... Hpnc- 
nocoCjienie npennojiaraerb bb yicaBowh opraHH3M^ CBoflcTBa npn- 

M'^HHTBCH KTi oGCTOHTeJIBCTBaiTB, HpHHOpaBJIHBaTBCil K'h H3Bil&CTH0fi 

H-l^jiH, BTb Hewh H'^^rB HH 6e3HpaBCTBeHHaro h uh Toro, hto npeAaojia- 
rajio 6u HenocpeACTBeHHoe CTpeMjienie ki> OopBG-]!^ ch ce6^ noAoC- 
humh. Bc^ MoryTii OAHHaKOBO coaepBHHaTB bi^ sthxt* opeBpameHi- 
HX-ByH Bi> BTOMii HeJiB3H BBjc^TB HHHero^KpoM']^ ecTecTBeHHaro CTpeM- 
aeniH 'ki> npio6p']^TeHiK> Ka^ecTBB, GjiaronpisTHHX'B ajih opra- 
HH3Ma« npHcnoco5jieHie, xaxi* TaxoBoe, HejiB3fl, cji'^AOBaTejiBHO, 

CHHTaTB miOXBMB COB^THHKOM'B, H CB 3T0ft T01KH 3p']^Hifl yHCHie 

TpaHc^opMHCTOBii, a BM'^CT'^ CB HHATB H Hayxa 3aCJiyXCHBaiOTB 
onpaBflaHia" (cxp. 8—9). OcxaBJi^fl 6631. pa3CM0Tp'feHi« bck) pH- 
TopHxy aBTopa, pyxoROAHMaro 5jiarox) ntjshK) noxaaaTB, <ito y,H 
Hayxa 3acjry>XHBaeTB onpaBAaHiH*^, mh otm']&thm% tojibko $axTii- 



60 pyoewB • boiiitovbo. 

neotiisi onm^KH m ssvpameHia, uemymieBUhm anopairb b% sume- 
npiBBewaHofi iiBT<aT«. Bo-sq^Buxb^ TTBepxKeHie, iro Teoptx Jbi^ 
MapKE ciEOBa aaiBiJia to k^cto, isoTopoe 'CKBa (huio He jnnBKJia 
ero Teopiii AapBeaa, ^oro TTSepxcseeie Bj^BoftsS HeBrgpHLo: w- 
B'i^p^o KaK'B xEOcoMy, HTO TeopiH JEaaiapBa h ao Abpbbha hh- 
Ronta <He saMMitJia bhahbto M^ra wh fr^eais riarypajiRCTteii, 
TBncb H ooTOiiy, ^qiTO noAttB^Tmosiee ^ojiBznBiieTBo HarypajneTOBi 
Bi> HACTOJimee Bpevn mpBmmmsmm* F^eeie AapBHora, a He Jla- 
iiapKa. yTesde Jkniapsa, ociti^dra&oe ceepeiceBHaKatfiB is. ornep- 
THyroe oepBECHH aBTopvTenaara Toro Bpeueira, fSuJio do^itb aa- 
6uTO, "H TOi^&KO nocjii Toiro, Koroa ynenie AapBKHa Bittca^Ko- uoji- 
HnJfo aHa^eeie TpaHcfycipiiRma^ y^ieHHie, nfmsBasDde Tpaac^op- 
MH3«% (a Tenepib wc^ upmataaoru ero)^ so HeooBOJiuKHe ^lapoa- 
HOBC]CBM7> irwaiflui., BeoDoiinanB t> JlaMaps^, vaKi* ^to, s-b cym- 
nocm^ aoffB^ieHie Aa^yBsna He yM cnbOMUK), a tvcahvuio ^bcjio 
cTopiOBnncovi^.yieHui ^amfMca. £cjiH-6id aBTopi» sajoor^Ji'^ sa* 
pflcOBanb Bi&pnryn lo^nway coBpesieAHaFo BOjaosKejiiA Bonpoca o 
crpo»c»9JKjteBai be^wntb, to oh& noJCKeHOb Hmx^-Cm csasan*, ^ro 
no^TTH BC% yveHiiie nps^i^Hrrb i6ojiikinoe ima^eHie ^ecrecTBeHmnqr 
OT5opy, fiptt«ieirb o^hh ^KaKi» Hasp., BeftciiaHi) -cwtTaiorB 8Toti> 
OT6opi» adtrtMBMeNifiMo #aKTopoinb oprosnmcmA aBOJBloQHL, a 
jtpyrie npsBBmn^ eme h cyfliecrBOBaaie yaacsi&jioaaiBiM #7VK- 
]tioBajif>QBM3 irptotftH^veHHUUb ^udi^HeBiA (t« -e., y^re&ie JJEam^Ha). 
3aT%Mi^ npnilpii, npaneneflMnifi aamncb asTOQnHi'B, '«a6paBi> 
«iii!b nopaBHTemffio seyxa^Ho: mieMo paBMiI c taepcra f aca- 
Boimx2>, xeBBysiHarb il% xoflOfflseoiflb Kjuxari^ bbudohmt* t>6paBOMT» 
fM if0»6eTi> 6uTB ofosiCBeHO yBacji%iioi3laHieif% ^mmioRtLaMLO 
Hpio6pilTeBHiinca> oco^aMDcselu Cn«Boep& (aiiraiMilaioaBbft y<ieHie 
Jlaiiapica bi* cbo«A SHaMeHBToft nojieiuncft cb Befloiaatnrb, KaKi> 
H vb npfvarh <aixniK& co^neHijixi*) t)oodeHBK) BuciaBjiseTi* oa 
BB:t% TMeH&BieHie oCiieMa ^samocreft y lOEBHJisaoBaHHftiX'fc Ba^o- 
jxosi, BCJr6ffCTBie yveafrmeBki inrb pa<k>T&i. Bio gd^fierBarejifAo 
yAa^HO •iff<^aHH£A iipBiiH&pi>, 060 aeooMHi^HHO, ^ino mh jum 
itepesKeBiiBaHts oamei qbibb yatoTptCitxevh- ropaano Mes'Se yca- 
jiift, '^twh 9T0 A&iajm oTjiaJieHHHe HasH iipeincH, HesHafcoiiiie 
c% yaovpe5jieHieMi> ovbm. Crb Apyroft cffopooKi, o6i>scnTb yjcesB- 
nte&ie ^ejiiocTH <ecTecTBeHHti«i> oii6opoinb HCHBas noTouy, hto 
34COHoifis crpoHnenBHapo waTq^iaiiia 3a1^ci> TaKi» sHHTo^CRa (h apH- 
TOMi> MaTepiaiTB ^BsiojiorB^ecKH tkkoA ^sajtanikisBudk}, hto osa 
He Morjia noBJiiHTb na mcxoRik <$opb6iii aa cymecTBOBaBie. Cji^- 
AOBaxe^bHO, Cnescepm, 6tpn csofi vpnuip'b^ Ch osHoft CTop<Hiu 
onHpajicfl Hao(kaenpH8Ha«H£ifl4>aKrby8e^H^eHiji opraeoBtb noiai» 
BJii5miein» pfl6oT>ii a yBieefcaKBlji axrb hoa'b BJimmtwh 6e8^(^- 
CTBiff, a c% sccpyroft cToponm yKaasBaanb Ha HeBoaao^KBoctb bcb- 
Karo BHoro oCibsiCBeHifl oTM^&WHHaro mwh HBJieaui. CoBc£a!b 
«Hane noctynaerb Hanrb asxopi*. H^rb hb oaboto ^^ioJiona- 



61 

^eoHaro la^omKaa, AosBponnofliava opew^iittflicHn,. ^ipfiu xpm^ 
nQOft V Bjiisobeiffb affinoos ; Banana. noa^niBairj^Sk. mopcna);. c:ib< Ap^-< 
ro# ctopaui, BSk scMiairHQm^ KsamadriliJDepcxa. Taa3> oo^ieaiia^ ito 
Bouflot }iiBBOUMMv pfl9iBBaieae& en^ 60ji£&:teBantM:ki naxpoBQiOk^ 
65AiTi^ BifftTi>v KopaaAGi lioinMn^.ioaHedBXr.yQ[Bn^&' w apctiiif (Bmui, 
H^iTb ero iieH^e noKpuTue poah^h. OjATwrnfaexkno^ eaTeci^aeH- 

paafBBiriiQt mepciB .b&». xiuioflBOHib. kjubwoA. 

HocMOiqpBii^ ieii«9b, Kassb^noHHaqirKb aBWfnHcaMtfft bobpocb 
o 6e3CMepTiH. 

y COBpeMeBH&IX'b CiOJIOrOB'B M03KB0 BCTP'6tBT1> BHTepeCHUX 

pa3C7:iCjieHiH o CeacMepxiH njiasuBi. B-b csluowb n^Ji^, ecJUL ho- 

Bi)l^.KJD[i&T9fUq|[,,Bq^BBKap9|irV..H^> CTa^ii^T* U^Z^MTh, A^^JDteHisp^ TO 

BO>iCHO roBopHTb o 6e3CMepTiH BTBYh KJi'kTOHeK'b^ n6» cxapa^ 
KjiitQi^uWi B0> yy«ipaari>'^ icaiPB. yaiwpaiQni. MBoi^oBJiiiTMatte. opra- 
HH3MU, a pacna^aeTCfl na ab^ mojioahu kji'I^to'^kh. Oum6QHBhi 

flJIB B'ipHU 8TH eHeRyjIfl^lEF 6fOriIOrOB!b) BOr OH^ KOHe^BO He 

saiorb „$B^otnoraqecKaro ocHOBaBia aay^ieBiB 3appo6aofi kbshb'S 
KBKirdTo A7Ba€r&aBTopi> (cTp« 42>, H5o4^a3k>JEOFiii'Bpo99Ji»caeTCtf 
TOJibKO Jio rpo6a. 

Bferpo>ieM*i>. <|)B3k>Jiori5i aBTopa TaBoaa, nxo-oHa ifOBcexi* Bana- 
BBTbCB nch poMjitnim n npojiojiyxarhc^ nocjrfi' cveptH, b6o, no 
aBTopy, „»fl3HB aaxoABTca veBnf^^ tohbo xaKxee, xaicv b Ayx'B, 

nOTOMy- ^TO OHlr, eCTB BGTO'VHHK'b B OpraBBaBTOp'B BCBSBB^ (CTp 

69). Hy^cHO saMi^TBTB, ^^to are yTBepsKAdsie as/rae^ea He rbk-b. 
pe3y;^cbTaTi» B3€Ji'6A0Bafli4 aBTopa, t. e., Be icaa^ bubojecit b3i> 
ero KBBTB, a kbk-b HCBonauA nyaKTir ero paacysKAeH^ft. 

Ho paarb Be9jii%cyiivBCcth bih3b» b jcyza npflBBTu, to ki> 
HeBy-Bce erne paacy^saTB 0'6e3CBepi>iB? CBepvB Be icoBceTii 5uti> 
TBHir, TU^ ecTb ^CHSBB B ffyxitf a TAKu KBin^ »cB3Hi» B Ayzi* BeK)Ay» 

TO, Oli&AOBaYejIbBO, CMepTB W&^'h HBra^t 

A Me^sy Ti^BObr aBTop% nflmeT^ B<]&jiyio ssBFy o^ aaojiK^iiiB 
GescMepria. Kaaoro^^Ke 6«8CMepTia? MoBcevi^ 6utB| o6ir aBOJiioixiH 
6e3CBepTia Toft cBoeo5pa8HOfi KOM6HHai{iB, Bo-Topaa asjiaerca Ha- 
msB^b a? IKn», aaTopi jG^mM^wb^ ^to HOB^ftmia naHHua BayKH 
^He noaBOJiaiOTi^ 6ojf^ fobopbtb ci» yB'fepeflBOCTBi» o euBBOMi* 
H Bepa3H'&JiBBOB^ a" (cTp. 47)'. 3a to, obi* roBopBTi* o boshbk- 
HOBeniB Kaaofi'TO 3arpo6BOfl njiaami. mEcjib, roBopHn* ohi^ ta 
CTp. 104, aeMHoft oprasBBM'B Cnui'k npoBssejieBieMi* nyxa, To-aa- 
rpo6HUft T^wb 6oji%t uorh n jion^^wh 6ynh TaaoBUBii, jiumh 
cb TOK) pasHHaeA, hto bi» yc;iOBiaxi>, oTJiBHaiomaxca Apyroft 
CTeneHbio cbjiu, h npoBSBeAeale nyxa paaoBBexca ao BHcmaro 
coBepmeacTBa jihhboctb^« ^Ecjib TeMHaa b cjia6aa ucaxB^iecKaa 
CBJia Morjia opraBBdOBaxB rpy6yK> b HeMomHyio seMHyia njiasMy, 
TO MO^Ho npennojioacBTB, ^to ncazB^ecEaa CHjia, CA'^jiaBinaaca 

JlHHBOCTbK), MOBCeTl), Bl* CBOK) OHepCKB^ OpraHaSOBBTB H-J^HTO 



62 PyCGEOK BOfATOTBO. 

Bpo2X^ 3arpo6Hofi imasMiii, tobkoA h Moryneft, cnocoCnoft opra-' 
HHBOBaxb aKKyMyjiHTop'B Bucmeft ncBXHHecKofl cvljih^, ,,3toti> 
HOBufi aKKyMyjiflTopii ^on:iKen'h coctoxtb TaK»ce hsi* nero-TO, hto 
Mu HasuBaeMi MaTepieft, ho iiaTepieft 6on^t CBo5oflHoft, 6oJii^e 
jierKofi, OTJiH'^aiomeftcH Conie KoopoHHHpoBaHHUM'B, 6oji'fie rap- 

MOHHHHUMl* CTpOeHieMli * ^ . 

KaKi> "raxaTejib bhahti», bc^ 3th HSMilHeHia HM^fon* oneHb 
iiajio o6maro cb aBOJiioixioHBJbuii* HaTypajiHSMOMrb, ci> tohkh 
3p1^Hifl KOToparo HaMi* aBTopi> o6im&Ji'h pascMorpi^TB sonpocb 
o 6e3CiiepTiH. 



A. B. CejraBaHOBX. 9to Mn voTHHa: ^Hioco4»cKifi o^epKi. 
Omck-b 1896 r. 

(fl. EcmOBHTB). Htofb SB3HM. IIoiiyjEflpB^ (SioiorBnrecBift o^epn-B. 
Cn6. 1897. 

MU COeilHHHJIH 0630pi> 3TBX'b JlByXl> KHHnb, noTOMy RTO o6% 
OH^ flBJIillOTCfl nOnUTKaMH AByXl* AHJIJieTaHTOBlt p^IDHTb ^Tb 

He Bc^ ocHOBHue BonpocH. KHHra r. CejiHBaHOBa npeziCTaB- 
jifleTi* C06010 He6oJii>niyio 5pomiopy bii 52 cxp., HaQenaTaHHyio 

pasrOHHCTUMli nipH$TOMl>. TyTl» rOBOpETCH H o cymecTBOBaHlH 

Bora, H o napBHHH3M%, h o ManoHHaxi* Pa^aajia, n o MHoroMi* 
jipyroMB.He cifOTpji na TaKoe o6HJiie cK>3KeTOBi» h xaKofi MaJiufi 
oO-hewb 6poiniopu, aBTop-b yjii^JuieTit ho^th jib% CTpaHHUu pa3- 
cKaay (saHMCTBOBaHHouy bbt* ra3eTU mHoboctb^) o6i> ojXMOWh 
yCiflcTB-fe, cjiy^HBrncMca b'b UexepCyprt b* 1896 torY' XIpieMi. — 
xapaKTepHHfi juia jtHjuieTaHTOBi, Koropue caMH cocTaBJuiioTB 
CBOH y6'£)KAeHiji Ha ocHOBaHin AByxi»Tpexi> ^acTHUxi* cjiynaeB-b 

H nOTOMy OXOTHO npHBOASTl> Bl* HOffTBepSKAeHie CaiCUX'B OTBJie- 
'^eUBhlX'h BUBOAOBlt KaK0d-JIH50 MejIKifi BHHSOA'B. TaKl> H SJC^Ob, 

EBTop'B, pascKadLiBaji cjiynafi co3HaHiH y5ifiixu non'h BJiismiewb 
jiacKOBaro o6pameHiji, AyMaen*, hto drorb cJiynaft Aaexi sa^ic- 
ByK> onopy ero leopiH AyniH. SaroBopHBniH o xeopin AyniH 
r. CejiBBaHOBa, mu, hxo6u AaxB noHsxie HHxaxeji5iMrb o nHca- 
xejiBCKofi Manep'^ anxopa, npHBeAeMi> oahb'b oxpuBOKi* B3rb ero 
6poiniopKi. ^EcjiH, roBopHxi* ohii nacxp. 19, cymecxsyex^ nenpn- 
MHpHMoe npoTHBop^Hie Bit oGuHHuxrb aoHJixiflxi> o Aym*]^ nejio- 
Bi^HecKofi c-b xeopiefi JlapBHHa o npoHcxo^AeniH nenoB^KSi, xo 
AJifl MeH^ xaKoro npoxHsop'^iisi h^xi*. Hsjioxcennoe mhoio noHS' 
xie o Aym'^y KaKii npoflBJienie bi* ^leJiOBi^Ki^ 6o^ecxBeHHOft cym- 
hocxh, HHCKOJibKO He HAexi> Brb pa3p%3i> CB yHOHieMii JXapBHHa, 
Koxopoe Kacaexc5i jihidb nejiOB'^Ka, KaKi* ^HBOTHaro. HejiOBl^K'B 
ecxb H 6ujrb ^khboxhumi*, ho npe^Ae ohb 6biji'b xojibko hch- 
BOXHUMB. Oh-b cxajiB HeAOB^^ficoM'B JiHiBB CB xoFO MOMCHxa, Kor;ia 

BTh HCMB 3apOAHJIBCB T^ CXpeVJieHiil, KOXOpUlI yKa3UBa]0X'B Ha 



HOBHfl KHHrn. 63 

npHcyTCTBie bi> HeMi» 6o)KecTBeHHaro H&Hajia. OTCiojKa cjd&AyeT'b 

KHHra r. EcnnoBH^ia ({^sjaimsi aBTopa ne BUCTaBJieHa Ha 
o6jio)iCK%, HO noAHHcaHa noj^-h ,,nocBAmeBieirB^) Hici^erb TOT-b- 
nee xapaKTepit. BnpoHeM7», ara KHHra uu^erh y»e 264 cTpa- 
mam h o6Hapy^HBaeTi> h^ckojibko CojxBmyio HaHHTaHHOCTB. 
Uarb ^nocBumeBisi^ uu ysHaeMi*, ^to Span* Haniero aBTopa, 
OKOHHBBmH Bi> 1856 TojiY HHXcenepHoe yHHJiHme, cefiHaci>-^e 
uoixajTh Bi» CeBacTonoJib, tk^ CKopo h Chui'h y6Hrb. IIpexcAe- 
BpeMeBHaii cMep-nb 6paTa nopasHJia asTopa^ KOTopufi Toraa-sice 
cTaJii» pasMunuiATb o cynxHocTH ytcMssm n cicepTH. Pobho nepeai* 
40 jrkTh (^nocBamenic** nonaHcaHo: ^CcBacTonoJiB 1896 r.") 
aBTopit c^en-h^ cboh pasMHOiJieHifl saKOHHeHHUMH h p^rnHJii no- 
Kkjaerbca hmh cb nyOjiHKOio. 

FOBOpH 6e31> BC4K0fi HpOHiH, MU He M03KeM% HC HOXBaJIHTB 

aBTopa 3a to, hto ohi> BTeneHie Bceft cBoefl xchshh pa3Mumj[iA;iT> 
HaA'B caMUMH Ba^HUMH BonpocaaiH 6HTia, hto ohi* bi* cbo6oa- 
Hoe OTB cjiyseCHuxit saHiiTifl BpeMfl HHTajii* cepBeaHus cohbhc- 

HiH pyCCKHXl* H HHOCTpaHHUXl* aBTOpOBl», OflHHlTb CJI0B0M1>, Sa 

TO, HTo npoaa »h3HH h cjiy^eCnaa ^opuajiHCTHKa ne sai^JiH 
ero; ho aanl^M-B tojibko oht* HoneHomcMZ peayjiBTaTU cbohx'b 
paaMuiDJieHifil 



PereCTU h naAUHCH. Cbox'^ HaTepiaioBi xu HCTopiH enpeeBi bi> 
PoccIh (80—1800 r.). Bun. L HsxaHle 06mecTBa ;i;jui pacspocTpaHeHifl npo- 
cB'bBteniji Hczxy eBpeanH bi PoccIh. Cn6. 1896. 

HasBaHHufi cCophhicb, nocBameHHufl Ha^aTenHMH naMHTH ne- 
AaBHO yMepmaro npo$. C. A. BepmaACKaro, HkilerB CBoeio 

Il']&JIBI0 — ,,npeACTaBHTB BTk XpOHOJIOrH^eCKOM'B nOpflAK^ CBOJCB 

Bd&x'B CB'^n'^Hifi no HCTopiH eBpeeBi* bi> PoccIh, paac'SnHHBix'B 

Bl* MHOrOHHCJieHHUXrB H TpyAHO AOCTyHHUXl* HaAaHijCCB, THi OHH 

TcpsiOTCJi Bi> Macci MaTcpiaJiOBi* o6QiaFO xapaKTepa''. Bi* BHjiy 
BHaHHTejiBHaro KOJiHiecTsa HM'^iomarocH y^e bii nenaTH icaTepiajia 
no HCTopiH eBpeeBT» bii Poccin, cocTaBHTenH c6opHHKa orpaHH- 
HBjiH noKa cBoio aanany jihiiib Bu5opKofi CB-ijc^Hift hb'b pyc- 

CKHX1> H8AaHifi, OCTaBHB'B Bl* CTOpOH']^ HOUBCKie HCTOHHHKH. BnpO- 

Hewby npeBH^flmiH naB^CTin aaHMCTBOBajincB Taicxce h Hai> hho- 

CTpaHHBEX'B HCTO^HHKOB-B, HO HpeHMymeCTBy apMHHCKHXl>, BH3aB- 

TiftCKHX'B H apa6cKHXi>. Ha^B pyccKHX'B )Ke nanaHifi ne bohijih b'b 
HHCJio MaTepianoBx cGopHHKa jibhib HanaHHue bi» CBoe speMH 
C. A. BepraaflCKHMi. „JloKyMeHTu h perecTH K-h ncTopia jihtob- 
ciCHxit cBpeeB-B^^ KaK'B ,,H3flaHie, cneuiaJiBHo nocBamcHHoe hcto- 
piH cBpeeB'B H no cHCTeif^ CBoeA anajiorn^Hoe ci> HacTosoiHM'B". 
BumeAmifi nepBLifi BunycKi* c6opHHKa a^jihtch na jcbI; nacTH. 
IlepByio HacTB ero cocTaBjwiOTT> HaOTpo6HHH HaflnncH Ha mofh- 



64' PVCGBAl. IflffiiOrrBO. 



cBp^eatftv HaAji0aBBHftiMLx]BF&{:B&aiaaH«fti'PoGoiHi^aB> Aao9»' 
cKoif3k notepexcB^f kb IBp«iiy> ■> mi Kagaaa>) k; on6iw>TMwiinmiit 
B|ieM» cfeadr. m P. Xv jqq 1773 r^i scsocni anxs lumHaceft 
nposanBTCtf; bh ctepsn^ nocjioBavftu Hse ^ws icacacsctf cacfaB<- 
jissmEX'k Bsapyia esor natfiBi aics0B%„ pabbo icaiGSi' Bsaasp^CBUk 
HVB. jjri&i - ^UMUi i flt paaoBVBEiixit dnHBtHiA^ iiO' 3;id6ic&^ mo) CojiubbAi 
Hsuam oepemnofl jnmnfr cyHiecneHHoc conepxcaHie aajcnsoHaxK 
marocft BtB. jtaHHOiubi iHUifQEmea6£} aBsnteeJibCtBa cb cofifmse- 
HJewiB^. BOBMCnmo* rofxaoasm' w uGJEBOimr m^r^Bhsao Wh^ 6oJvk&^ 
BsaKBHXA cMfnasuL-h^'iudM CBBQi^ejiBCTBa* cooOmaioi!c». icto»* 
KDKB^ dXfti ^facsb ofopBaKft 0KaiBnflB€U9TCfl> 1&K> ■ roAoiei>. ELpB. 
oKOB^waiJV Bc;er-o aasf M^^Hara Tpyna Banaxejsw^ o0^bnaiQn»i npQe 
jdOBcnni Ka»4 HeMy Bi»e9»eft h reor.pii4iinie«icift yKaaarenB!. Cocw^r 

JieHHUft TaKHMrb 06pa30Ml> C60PHHK1». JtMTl* H9 MlbB^ BBBPepeC- 

Hmi^i.H^ BasHttux^ ca^A'^iiifi a npe6£i9aHiii» eBpeeBC» bi^ ApmohIh 
lb rp73i«v o. xasapoKourb na^xBi^v npaBBTeas h <iacTB BaceiicHiii 
lUKCGparo jHanoB'iAiiKBajiH ijAeftfiBsrior peAwriiOi o xoproBx^ espeesx^. 
B'lbi QL B&i5^. ofe^eBpejix.Ti ButPycBk aa Bpeiifl^Kii^BexaFo.' iiepioiia,> 
BWCQwa^' o6i».aBpeAcKQiiZi.Hace;ie«fai SanaAiiaft Pyca^ b» XIV — 

XYI BBm KliK JBOfl^pOMy K OISQCHTCB COOpaSHldl BO^ KBHP^ C06« 

cTBowo an^Biaft ifaTepiaji^H. Dpaajia^ noczAftHift ee aTJiBHaeroi 
6oja»niE[Mi» pasHooGpaaieM'b coAepBcaniii: rjiasHyio iacTi» ero* co<- 
oraBJiAiorB cyjieCHLiJi p'^meHu no paajiHHHUirb rpaxcAaHCKHirb 
A'^^oaiTby npcBMymecTfieHHo no BBucKaHiio nojiroBi* icaK'B Me^jiy 
eweaMHv Taici» h. Me^Ksy hpmb h xpHCTianaiiQ,. BByTpeHBflJi oiaisHb 
eBpeficxaivp H^e^ieBiif aaaM0o^FCCKBxi» 3fiie^B< ocBifemaeTca 
8THMi> MaTepiajioiTb jiBmii Kpaftne cvyxno, mx Koe-funciM ca1to'&-> 

Hisi 00% HHUXIr CTOpOHaXlK dOM^ft ^KBSHB' BCe-SSe BMiftlOTCfl Bli 

Heiciir. yica»ieMrb xovii-($u na GpaKopaasoAHoe Ai&jio, p^maBaaeecB 
v%^ 1540- r« rpoAHeHCKBm CTapocT<A uwkk? eBpeixoft. JIlBopKoft 
» icyiKesr:^ es ArpoHOM^B (fb 309). Coci^BHTe/iBM:B' c6opHBBa 
M&iscao, nosKftJiyft^' nooTaBHVb b% ynpeKii npeaifSpHyiO' nua^ejik'- 
HOCTB, CB KaKOfo oH« noffqaci* BHOCHJiH Bii CBOB KHHTy Mate- 
piajirb, KOToparo, 6e3i» BCSKaPO flJia Hen ynxepOa, Mor^o 6u btb 
Heft B He 6urh. TaKB, bpba'B'JIB CxATia HaAo6HO€TB bhochi% B«b 
Hacposrmtft c6opHHKi> yrpoay jr^TaHBCixa ncKOBHHairb^ ^rro ccjih 
OHH saCyffyrb kh. AjieKcaHj(pa ^pocjiasH^ia, to npHpasHBioTcs 
eBpesun^ aa^fiiBDiHM!^ Bora (>k 176). IIo;co6hbcmh cpaBHeniBinr, 
HBHero He npH6aBjijiiomHMH ki> hctopib eapeeB^, mojkho aaHHib 
oHeHB MHoro M'icTa, To^Ho TaK^Ke mu ne AyMaem^ Hro6ia m» 
»,PerecTii h HaAnHCH" cji'^AOBano BKJinqaTB MaTepiaJii*^ OTHoen* 
miftcji KB epecH jKHAOBCTByioniBXB. Cs'^A'^HiH o6b eapeftXB- 
ynacTHHKaxB^ aroft ccktu, KOHe^Ho^ jion^uu 6ujih HaftTH ce6^ 

U^CTO BB KHBF^, HO CABa-JIH HC npaSHJlBH^ 6UJI0 6H HMH H 

orpaHH^HTBCA. EcjiH ^e cocTasHTejiH c6opHHKa nocraBBTB ce6i^ 
aa^aneft coGapaTB CB'^A'^niB o Bci&XB pyccKHXB cexiaxB, na 



HOBtlfl EHHrH. 65 

icoTopufl oKasEiBajio BjiixHie eBpeficKoe B^poy^eHie, nx'h npo- 
rpaMMa j[0Ji3KHa 6yfler& nonBeprHyrbCH cHjibHoiiy h bpha'b-jib 
«eo6xoAHuOMy pacniHpeHifO. 



Khhth, noeTynHBmlfl bt> penaKn^^K). 

B. CJbpomeBOKlA. Ha Bpax) je^cobi. IIoBicTB. Hsa. JI. ^.' nasre- 
aiesa. Cn6. 1897. O;. 1 p. 50 k. 

Cexui Mare. nepejci^aHO cb if^paniiyacEaTo. A. M. Hsx. KHHSHaro 
«Biaxa A. M. MypHHOBofi. M. 1897. n;. 12 b. 

CTHxoTBopeHia B. B. KoHmHHa. T. I-ufl. Cn6. 1897. !(. 2 p. 

noiHoe co6paBie coHHHeHlft H. C JI'j^OKOBa bi 12-th xoxaxs. Hsx. 
BTopoe A. $. MapEca. Gn6. 1897. U;. sa 12 toxobi 15 p. 

BapoHi A. BjiBOHep'B. SeieHaa BHHra. GaiaHa. TH<i»iECi. 1897. H. 
1 p. 25 B. 

Ci'bniiii; TailHii xynra; ceHB npHHiiecci; cxepTb TeHTaaBHia; sTopsenie 
-cxepTu: flATb ApaMi coHHseHU MopHoa MexepnHHKa. M. MDCCGXCYI, 

Co6paHie co^HneHifi FenpHKa HOoeHa. Toitb Y-ufl h Vl-oft. Hsx. 
I. K)poBCKaro. Cn6 1897. I(. no uoABHCsi sa 6 tomob'b 4 p., ci nepec 5 p. 

BacHH H. A. KpujiOBa ci spHJOsefliexi ero 6iorpa(|)iH, HanHcaHBoi 
H. A. DieTHeBHirB, npHMt^aniff, cocTaBieHHuxi no B. G; ReneBXTf h hat^ 
dTK)X0B% 6acHflxi KpsuoBa U. CHHpHOBCBaro. Gn6. 1897. 

M. M. CTHXOTBopeHia. Cn6. 1897. O;. 40 b. 

He BmH B'b ceii, bhih 3% ce6^. Hapoxsua cueHii bi Tpez'B x^flcTBijix^ 
H, A. IIojoiymHHa. M. 1897. 

Pascfiadu noKOBH^a. Gn6. 1897. I^. 1 p. 

HpHHi^i H HHiiuA. UoB'bcTB fifiiL H>HoniecTBa MapKB TBBHa. XXepeBOJcib 
ci noci^ABflio aaiJE. hsa. 0. Nick. Hsa* ^. A. loraHCona. EieBi. 1897. £(. 

^B. 

HopAi-dB^sxa. Padcsas'b hsi xhshh npHBOjrscsBxi oxothhbob'b H. F. 
ByHGTHHa. H3;^, lOano-PyccKaro 0-Ba ne^aTBaro ^tia (^^iTCBaa 6r6i.^ 
H. r. By^eTHHa). O^ecca. 1897. H;. 30 b. 

AjibComi*. ^Ba^i^aTHnaTHi'lTie xoBapHmiecTBa nepexBHSHsrb xyxoxe- 
CTBeHHiix'B BUCTaBOBi. 1872^1897. Hbji;. xyj^osecTBeflHoft ^^tothbIh K. A. 
^Hinepi. Bun. 1-ud. H, no no^nHCKi (6 Bun.) 9 p. 663% nepecuiBH h 12 p. 
Cb nepeciuKofi. 

CoEpaTi. £ro shshb h 4'BJOco<j)CBaa A^aieiBBOCTB. Biorpa4». o^eps'L 
E. OpjiOBa HsA. ^. HaBieHKOBa („^H3Hb saiii^aTeibHHX'B jD^eft*') Gn6. 
1897. A. 25 B. 

HpaBHTejiH H xucjnT&in. Biorpa(i»H^ecBie o^epsH E. 6. JiHTBHHOBOft. 
H3A. ^. HaBaeHBOBa. Cn6. 1897. i;. 1 p. 

IIpo4>. H. M. OtopoHceHKO. BojEBHOxyveu'B anoxH BosposxeBia. Hsx* 
BH. xar. rpocHaHi n KHe6ejB („Bonpocii saysH, HCsyccTBa, XHrepaTypa w 
-aui3HH« Jfe 8). M. 1897. Hj. 20 e. 

M 4. (hKhsa n. 5 



66 P70CFOE BOFATCTBO. 

PHxcsie nodTH vh 6iorpa4»iflX'b h o^pasi^axi. GocTaBEJH B. AjieKCb- 
BBTh. T. nepBud. HsA. A. C. CyBopHBa. Cn6. 1897. I^. 2 p. 

HespoiorB tfHBinaro xHpeRTopa HoBropoxcsaro peaiBHaro y^xiHB^a 
RoHCT. AjtescaH^. EomejiBKOBa. CocTaBHii A. BojixOBOKOft. Tbjiihci. 
1896. 

n. Mhjookob'B. O^epKH no neTOpiH pyccBOfi ByjBTypu. ^acTB bto- 
paa. Esx. pox* sypHaia „Mipi Bosifl''. Gn6. 1897. S;. 1 p. 50 b. 

dmyapA'B H^aHHHHrrb. HcTopin CoeAHHenHHX'b UlTaTOBi C4b. Ana- 
pnKH (1765—1865 rr.). nepeBoxi ci aHmficRaro A. KaiceHCBaro. Hsx. O.H 
UonoBofi (,KyjBTypHO-HCTop. Bh6i."). Cn6. 1897. !(. 1 p. 50 s. 

F. Op. KojThG'h, HcTopifl ^eioB^HecBOfi ByiBTypu. IlepeBOjcbCi 3-ro». 
nepepa6oTaHHaro h SHaTOTeiBHo xonoiseHnaro, h^u. bbx*, box'b pex- A. A 
PefiHTOiBXTa. Bun. m. Hsx. ^. A. loraHCOsa. KieBi. 1897. O;. no noxuBCRt 
(8 Bun.) 2 p. 50 B. 

H. B. JXyHBOD^Klft. HoBHA HSciixoBamii no HCTopin BpecTBAHi bo 
^pamuH XYm B. B. I. RieBi. 1896. 

R. O. OA&PH6HKO. HpaBCTBeHHua h npasoBHA ochobu pyccBaro 
HapoxBaro xosjidcTBa. M. 1897. !(. 1 p. 50 b. 

r. ooHnb myjubiJ^e-reBepHHTmrb. Kpynnoe nponsBoxcxBo, ero ana- 
Heme a^b dEOBonHHecBaro n coiuajiBHaro nporpecca. 3t]da'b bs'b o6iacTH 
xionHaTo6yiiasBofi npouunuenHOCTH. UepeBOxi cl HiM. X B. Rpacsna noj^ 
pex. n c-B npexBCJOBicMi n. B. CxpyBe. Hsx* X $. IIaHTej[ieBa..Cn5. 1897. 
H. 1 p. 75 B. 

Ahc. Ct. Mhjuib- OcHOBania nomrH^ecBofi dEOBOiiitf. UepeBOXi c^ 
nocrbxBBro ano. usx. E. H. OciporpaxcRofi, noxi pex. 0. H. OcTporpax* 
CRaro. Bun. n. Hsx. ^. A. loiaBcosa. KieBo^. 1897. I^. no noxoHCRi (5 Bun.) 
2 p. 

OprasBsaAifl cbo6oxu h odn^ecTBeHBiift xoitb. A^. IlpdHca. Uepe- 
Boxi ci ^^pami. noxi pex. h cb npexHciOBiem P. H. CeiieHTROBCRaro. Gn6. 
1897. U. 80 R. 

MnmejiB Poboh'^. ffio3e4)'B xo-MdCTpx. ^hioco^Ib boISbu. UcpeBox'B. 
H. PocnonoBa. Cn6. 1897. I^. 50 r. 

nojiB-JlyH KypBe. CoHBHemB. '^acTB nepBaa. Hsx. JI. ^* UaHTe- 
lioBa. Cn6. 1897. B,. 2 p. 

T. <I»ayaieprb. UporpeccuBHaji HpaBcxBeHBOCTB. OuuTb stbrh. Ilepe- 
BOX'B CO 2-ro am*!. U3x. Hsx* ^. A. loraHCosa i„Bceo6mjBJi Bii6i^ J^ 3). KieBi. 
1897. n;. 15 R. 

Probl^mes Bociaux contemporains. Par AohUle LiOrla. Paris. 1897^ 
Prix 4 fr. 

iLa scienoe sociale d'apr^s les principeB de Le Rlay et de ses continuateun.. 
Par J.-B.-Maurice VigneB. Paris. 1897. Prix des deux volumes 16 fr. 

Abb4 Victor Charbonnel. Congr^s universel des Religioxis en 1900. 
HiBtoire d'une id4e. Paris. 1897. 

TopasecTBO repiiaHCRofi npoBHUueHHOCTH. Co^. E. E. YHJiJiBBMOa. 
UepeBOAi CB anrjDf. B. JLinBxeBCRofi, Cb npex. npo$ n. H. reopriescRaro.^ 
Hbx. n. n. CodRBHa. Cu6. 1897. Q;. 1 p. 

J(-pi MaKorb BeOeprb. Bnpsa h ea ssa^euie. nepcBoxi cb Bin. 
0. R. Ksx. I. DpoBCRaro („Me2BxyHapoxBafl BB6juoTeRa" Je 48). Cn6. 1897. 
A 15 R. 

GoxtilcTBie pyccRofi npoMum^eunocTB bi cannTapHO^TexBH^. oTnomeHiB.. 



HOBHfl KEBFE. 67 

J(ouaw A-pa A. B. IIoroffieBa. Hsx* IIooTOJtHHofl SoMXHcciH no toxhe^. 
o6pa30BaHiK>. Mock. Otx- Hxn. Pyc Texsm. 06m. Bun. 4-Hfi. M. 1897. 
I^ 20 k. 

Benxoiorifl. O^epKi o(^obhiix^ saKOHOBi xymeBHoff x-j^toilhocth. ^-pa 
P. Afisjiepa. UepoBei'b cb Bin. H. PexHSOB'b. Hsx. H. JlefiHeHtfepia ( JBh- 
fijaoTOKa AJLA Bc*xi** JfewMv 15—17). Oxecca. 1897. H;. 30 k. 

P. Flechsigf. Ilpexiiu xynieBHaro paBBOBiciii. P:fiHB, npoHSHeceBsan 
Vb AOHB poxxeHifl AiBdepTa, KopoiB CaKcoBCBaio 23 anp. 1896 r. Hepesox^ 
Ch Bin. C. miefiBraysa. Esx- lOxBO-Pyc. 0-Ba ne^axHaro fi^iiA. Oxecca. 
1897. I(. 40 K. 

CoHBHeHifl TejibMTOjJCbJjfiL. ^ 4. 1) HayHHOo b (|>Hioco4»CKoe Bscjrlxo- 
Banie sp^HlB. 2) 06*6 aKaxoMBHecKoft CBo6oxi. iElsx- M. ^ExannoBa. Gn6. 
1897. S;. 15 K. 

HcTopifl aeiuraf. IIpo(i». M. HeftMaApa. nepesoxi co BToporo esx* 
nox% o6jnfi¥> pex. A. A. HEocipaBiieBa. Bun. 2-off. Hsx. T-Ba ^IIpocBin^e- 
Bie^. B;. no noxnHCK'b (30 Bun.) - 11 p. Oxx. Bim. 50 k. 

BoxBnufl pacTeniii Cpexned Poccin. EuDCipEpoBaKHiid onpex^JmreiB 
BOXBBHzipacTeniJ^^XflBopacTyniHX'&BiCpexBefiPocciB. CocTaBEOHB. Oejq;- 
HeHKO E A. OjiepoBT*. Hax. aBXopoBi. M. 1897. I^. 40 k. 

BiOHSBMeH'B. Bioiorifl pacresifl. QepeBoxi* H. A. nexpoBCKaio nox» 
pex. E cb npex- npo4». £. A. TEEEpflseBa („nay^mo-o6pa80BaTeiBEaE 6e- 
6ii0TeKa«). M. 1897. H* 50 k. 

A-p% Hex- U. H. KyGaoOfinb. ^to xaxoe MEspo6u Boo6n^e e tfoiia- 

BeTBOpSIZe Bl ^aOTEOCTE? MEKp06i010rBHeCBiEEKIESEVeCKiEE3CliX0BaEia. 

Cn6. 1897. 

OpHTio^rb HaHoeHrb. Bo MpaBi eohe e bo uxaxi. Hsx- 0. H. 
UoEOBod. Bun. n. Gn6. 1897. II. 30 k. 

B. FJiHHOKlft. PyccKoe cyxe6Boe BpacEopiHle. Cn6. 1896. !][. 60 k. 

H. A JIflXOBei](Ktft. XapaKTepncTEKa nsBicTEiix'b pyccKHXi cyxe6- 
EHXi opaiopoBi cb npHJEOseEieEi EsdpasEofi p'bHH Kaxxaro esi eexi. Cn6. 

1897. n;. 2 p. 

GnpaBO^Haa KEEra x^e onoKysoB'B e noneTHTOiefl. C6ophhe% saBosoBx 
E paaiBCEeflifi. GocTaBEi'b H. MapruHOBTb. Hsx* Bxopoe, kehse. Mar. 
H. K. MapxHBOBa. Cn6. 1897. II. 1 p. 

YsaKOBeEie e ycHEOBJieBie xixeft (SaKOEi 12 uapxa 1891 roxa) Ch pasii- 
BCsefliEUE E o6padi(aMH 6yiiar%. Esx. ke. Mar. H. K. MapxiiHOBa. Cn6. 1896. 

H. ApyHCHHHH'B. iOpEXE^ecBoe noioseEie KpecxuiE'b. HsciixoBaEie. 
Hsx. BE. Mar. H. K. MapxuEOsa. Gn6. 1897. H. 2 p. 

Dojosesie o BExaxi na SBxexbcxBO. CocxasBX^ e Esxairb n. B. Hic^e- 
pBI^aH1•. Bsx* Bxopoe Heo4»4'BiuaiLfloe. CapaxoBi. 1897. I](. 50 k. 

npio6pixeHie h ox^sxenie BMyn^ecxBi. CocxaBEJTB fl. B. A6i»a- 
MOBrb. Esx. $• naBieEKOBa (^nonyjupEO-DpEXEHecKaa BE6iioxeKa'' ^ 3). 
Cn6. 1897. II. 25 k. 

ycxaBi cxpoBxeJBBufi (Cb. saB. T. XII, h. 1, e8X- 1857 r.). HsM-i^seE- 
bhA e xonoiEeHHufl no npoxoiseniEM'B 1886 loxa (cBoxBOMy) e 1887 roxa 
(o^epexBOMy). Ksx. Eeo(lKi)Hii(iajiBBoe. CocxaBEjn A. K. Fyo^Brb. Hsx- bxo- 
poe ^. A. loraBCosa. KioBi. 1897. U. 1 p. 

M- KponOTOB^b. En^e o KpyroBoft nopyKi, KpecxBuscREX'b niaxe- 
sax'B E noxaxBHX'B nopaxKax'b bi RpecxBEECKHZ'b ofin^ecxBaxi. ApooiaBiB. 
1896. H.. 25 B. 



68 P7CCK0B BOFATCTBO. 

ABCTpiftcKie saBOHiz 1) 06% oinpaBiemH cy;^ h no^cyxHOCTH rpaa&^ 
xaHCBHX'b A^Tb 0611^011 cyxam h 2) 06% y^eaxeHiH cy^OBS. H. A. Typa 
(IIpHioxeBie bi J^& 4 „ffiypH. Mhh. K)ctbiuh"). On5. 1897.. 

OT^&if'h no 6juu?OTBopBTej[BBOMy o6BiecTBy cyxedHaro BiAoncTBa (Upa- 
losesie bi J^ 4 n^ypn. Mhh. E)cTHKiH*'). Gn6. 1897. 

H. Kaprbesi*. Bii6op'& 4>aByttTeTa h npoxosAenie yHHBepcHT6TCKaro 
Bypca. Cn6. 1897. A. 60 b. 

A. BapaHOBrb. B% san^Hry norH6mHX'B seHB(HH'&. Hsx. pex* »KaxcBO- 
BojUBCKaro Kpan^. RasanB. 1897. Il[. 25 b. 

An. HexOBrb (A. OJbj^oA). I. npHspime xymeBHO-donniixi b% C- 
neTep6yprL II. AMROioxs&M'b h BOSMOSBHaa cb HHirb 6opB6a. Hsx. A. C. 
CyBopHHa. Gn6. 1897. n;. 1 p. 

BOepniTeflHii. HecTB h ioshsui hohbtU ^ecTB. nepesox^ cfb Hix. 
HsA* ^. A. loraHCona („Bceo6niafl Bh6.i." J^ 8). Ries'B. 1897. B,. 15 b. 

n. r. BflTCBaa ry6epBiB bi pa^y xpyrmt'B ry6epHifi EBpon. PoccIh (Esi 
HCTopHBO-ciaTBCT. c6opHHBa BbtcboA Ty6. n. roj[y6eBa}. BaTsa. 1896. 

C. T. BojiKOBnb. Kfb Bonpocy saceiemn xaesHiirb oBpaHH'b Toh- 
cBofi ry6epHiH« ^OBiax'B ToMCBOMy Otx^J Hmh. Mocb. 06nii. ceiBCBaro xo- 
sBficTBa. ToMCBi. 1896. 

BocBpecHUfl TreHiB a^b pa6o«rax'b na saBOxi E. Tnrs h R<^ b'b Mocbb^. 
JoBja^'B H. B. TyjiynOBa. Hsa* Mocb. Otx. Hmh. Pyc. Texn. 06jh. M- 
1897. D;. 10 B. 

H. H. BopHOOB'B. npoxoisHxexBHocTb Bypca b-b oxHOBiaccHiirb 
seHCEBXi mBOjaxi XepcoHCBod rybepniH. Hex* Xepc. ry6. Sen. Ynp. XepcoH%« 
1897. 

JlecBTHJi'lTie (1885-— 1895) QepBOBHO-npHXOACBHfi maorB OpentiyprcBot 
enapxiH. HcTopBBo-CTaTHCTHHecBid onepB'L. Cbbbi. Bji. IIOKpOBORaro. 
OpeH6yprB. 1896. 

MapTO-0BaHOBCBoe HapOAHoe y^HJinn^e btb 1892 — 1895 rr. O^epsi hb- 
poxnaro y^Tejia F. H. AH;m>eeBa. Hsx* XepcoHCBodry6. SeiicBofi ynpaBii. 
XepcoHi. 1897. 

A. r. HeCojiCHH'B. OpraHHsaiiiB sypcoB's aih Bspocnixi pa6o^Bx%. 
Ji;oxjax'B Ha ToproBO-npoionnjeHHOU'b Cbtsx^ 1896 r. bi HHXHeMi-HoBro- 
pox^' Hsx. pex« sypH. „TexHH?. 06pa30BaHie". Cn5. 1897. 

mBoiBHUfl HopMH. B. BaxTOpoBa. Hs^. pc^. sypHBiB „PyccBaa 
niBOJia*'. Cn6. 1897. 

JL1x^e6BBR'b AOitaniHHxi sbbotbux:b, cocTaBieHHufi xjeb cejEBcsaro Hace- 
jieBia seTepHHapHUMi Bpa^oH'B A. H. CTenaHOBMM'B. Esx* xpeTBO (f^06- 
BJ^eAOCTyBHUB Bsxanifl XJfl xepeBHH" J^ 1). HoBropoA'B> 1896. I^. 15 b. 

npoTKBonOHcapHan ;i^epeBHfl. PascBasi („06n(exocTynflHfl hbx* 
XiB xepeBBH" JVs 2). floBiopox'B. 1897. n;. 5 b. 

BopB6a orb noxcapaMH bb ^epeBHrb. („06niiexocTynHUfl hsx. 
XXB xepeBHH* J^ 3). HoBropox'B. 1897. D;. 8 b. 

H. CejiMBaHOBOKlfi. Hs'B xepeBHB. L Raxi b ycTpoHJPB Hecropae- 
uHfl oBHHi. n. GTapufi JlyroBHHi. HsA. E. H. TaxoMBpoBa (A^ 98). M. 1897. 
o;. 4 B. 

Ero-»ce. E3o6p']^TaTej[B depecTamix's TpocTefi. PyxoBoxcTBO no bh* 
XbiK'h 6epecTflBHX'B, 6yHaBLBiiix'B h BoasaHiaxi TpocTefi. Hsx* S' E. Thxo- 
MBpoBa (?€ 147). M. 1897. U,. 10 b. 

£ro-Hte. OflUTHufi BpyneHBBi-ToiOBOHHHB'B. PyBOBOACTBo no npHio- 



HOBHfl KHUrH. 6$ 

TOBieHiD sanapHoff Kpynu h ToioKna hsi oBca. Hsx- K. H. THxoirapoBa 
06 149)1 M. 1897. IJ. 6 B. 

£ro-2se. Cauonpflio^HBEi. Pascsasi. PysoBoxcTBO 2*5 bujcIis'I caMO- 
npBioxi. HsA. £. H. TaxonHpoBa (J^ 160), M. 1897. H;. 20 b. 

OBparH, Hxi saspisiueHie, ofiiicesie h sanpysHBaHie. CocTaBHn 8. 8. 
KepH'B. HsA* TpeTBe AonoiHeHHoe. M. 1897. H, 75 b. 

A. H. nyjiBxepoBi*. KaB% aohb AeaieBo bphfotobbtb bbho? KpaT- 
Bift o^epBi o 4»p7XTOBOH'b BHHOA'i^in. Hbx- 4>hp)(h lOjiii^ h K^, b-b Kaiyrb. 
Kaiyra. 1897. n;. 15 b. 

C60pHHKrb CTBTefi BO BOflpOeaifE, OTBOCBB^HKCfl S'b SB8HB pyCCKHX'B 
H BBOCTpaHHHX'B rOpO^OB^B. BlIB. IT. M. 1897. 

XapBBOBCBift Bai6Hxap& sa 1897 iox'b. Hsa- XapBBOBCBaro Fyfi. GxaTHCT. 
KoMHTera, boa'b pex. B. B. HsaHOsa. XapBSOBi. 1897. H;. 1 p. 80 x. 

CnpaBOHBHfl jBasaTejiB seucKHx^B ceiBCBOxoaflflcTBeHHHX'B y^esAeHift 
(no CB'bAd^HiuM'B Ha 1896 ioai). Foa'b BTopod. Hs^. JtenapTaifeHTa seifiiex^ 
nA. Cn6. 1897. 

BanBCBa no Bonpocy o BBexeHiH sa CTaniUflX'B BOMHBCcioHHofl onepaiUH 
no OTnpaBB* rpT^OB'B. CocTaBBJ-B Koipiep^ecKifl ArearB C. B, Pofl;3e- 
BHHli. KieBi. 1896. 

JUjOBiaAU TsepcBOfi ry6. SeiiCKofi ynpaBH no dBOHOxn^ecBOiiy OTji/kry 
o^epexHOMy cotipanix) ceccin 1896 roxa. TnepB. 1897. 

CTaTHOTHHeOKlft oGopHHKrb no G.-neTep6yprcBod ry6epBiH. 1895 
rojt-B. Bnn. 11. Cn6. 1896. 

OTHOTHb 6iiBniaro AenapTaHOHTa BeoBJaxHBixi c6opoB'B, a HUHi raiaB. 
Baro ynpaBiesiB HeoBiaxHHX'B c6opoB% h BaseflBod npoxasH narefl sa 1895 
roA%. 2 TOMB. Cn6. 1897. 

AB'J^HammaTufi ryCepHORlA o'l/bBj^'h Bpa^eft TBepcsoro sex- 
CTBa. 2—9 Idm 1896 r. TBepB. 1896. 

B. M. MHxaftjiOB'B. 3AHBHB 3a6oclBaeMocTB ceiBCxaro saceie- 
bIb B'b noBropo;i;cBOM'B yisA'b. HoiTaBa. 1894. 

Ero-sre. B^pejtih Tiiecaiixi HaBasaBld B'B o6n](ecTBeBBo-iieABiQiHCBOx% 
OTBomeniB. Ota^. ott. bs'b npoTOBoia 06m,. Bpanefi Honropox- ry6. sa 
1895 r. Cn6. 1897. 

HaxBHeBBHCBoe sa-^OBy ropoxcBoe o6niecTBeBBoe ynpaBieHie B'B 1888— 
1897 n. AOKJiaAnb Haxfl^eBaBcsoit Ba-^osy FopoxcBofi YnpaBH. HaxB^e.- 
BBBB Ba-Jtony. 1897. 

06BKecTBo BcnoMon^ecTBOBaHiB CTyxeHxaM'B Hmb. Cfl6. ysBBepcBTera. 
OTHerB sa 1896 r. Cn6. 1897. 

OT^errb AcTpaxascBaro JiBrepaTypno-xpBMaTB^ecBaro ofin^ecTBa sa 
1895—96 loxh. 

OT^eTHb odn^ecTBa ssaniiBaro BCBOxoseBiJi npsBas^BBOBi b% r. TaH- 
6oh^ sa 1896 r. TaH6oBi. 1897. 

06BiecTB0 BoneHeBiB o 5ixBiix% b 6oshBXLx% x^taxi. OTHeiTB or- 
Xiia safl^BTu xiTed sa 1896 rox'B. Cb6. 1897. 



70 P7C(aX)X BOrATCTBO. 



H3T> ABCTpiH. 

(Bu6opu Bi> napjiaiieHTx). 

HflKori^a eme Bu6opu vh aBcrpifioidft pefixcparB ho bosSjsauk 
Tasoro HHiepeoa^ Kamb Ha btotb pasib. dio h ho yAHBHTOJibHO. Bxa- 
roAapa pe^opMi rp. BaAeHH^ kx HsfiHpaTeuiHBurb ypHain> snepBHe 
AOJUBHS 6Bira ABHsyTBOfl mEpoKifl MaocH Hapo^a, He npHHEMaBinifl 
AO CHX'B noyb HHEaKoro yiacria Btidopaxi. Kasi 6jjijTb roJiocoBaTb 
8TH MaocH, vb nojcbsj KaEHX'b napTift BUCKasyroji OKb — botb Boapooti, 
TpeBOSHBinie o6iiieoTBeHH06 MHi^Hie ABcrpin. n36HpaTej[E npHBRXie- 
rspoBaHHuxi sypitt oi TpeBoroft npHCJiyinHBajracB si tomj, tto rpoMSO 
BUCKaauBaiE HpoAcraBHTeu ainx'b MaocB ^a oBosx'b coSpamax'L h 
vb OBOHXi oprasaTB, ho HaBpa^'B jih kto hh67ab HMijTB HCHoe npeA- 
CTaKieHie o&b ncTHHHoirb HacTpoeniH napoxa. ^o cijxa oCniecTBefi- 
Haro HHifliH aoxoahjo HenoHoe axo 6opB6u, EOTopyn bosk bb HapoA- 
HoS cpeAi paaxH^HHH noJiHTH^ecsifl napiui, ho hhsto 6u He pbmHxoa 
cEasatb sapanie, eto wnAjifiirh hsb aiofi 6opb6ii nofiiAHTOJieirb. 
HsfiEparejBHaa GopLtia, ocofieHHO vh hoboS, lUToft sypiE, roroBExa 
CDpnpESH, soTopne jsflVRwa 6hj[e ho Majo yAEBETB Asse onuTHHXib 
nojiETHSOBi. Aa E sexerEo Cbuo pa3o6paTBGH bo bo^xi btex'b xe^e- 

HIEXB, BSBOlSOBaBniHX'B OnOSOfiHKfl AO CEXB EOpB flapOAHUH MaOCH. 

n36Epai62BEafl ({opBfii^oTpasaia vh 0Q6i totb padHomepcTHiift xa- 
pasrepi, soiopui flBJueTCfl OTJiE^BTejiEBHUjrB npHdHaEoiTB b(Axb 
aBcrpificEEXB OTHOmeEifi. 

Pa6o^ee ABESceEie) opraEHSOBaHHoe coi^ajrB-AOMOEpaTaiEEi asTEoe- 
KETEBiTB, FopAutt iio6kffjBiiiEj oAepsaHscniE BB Hoci^AHee Bpeua, 
cauiifl pa3Eoo6pa8Eiui TeieHUi cpeAE npo6ysA&Bni^ooa EpecxBEECtBa, 
EiepEsaiESMB, crpeMflHufioa eb reroMOEiE — botb pasjiE^^Ene ^as- 

TOpH n0J[ETE?e0S0l Sfl^E ABCrpiE. £CJ[E-6£J A&IO OrpaSE^EBEJIOOB 

EHE, TO Bce 6iiio 6u emfi aobojiebeo npocio. Ho bb AsorpiE nrpaoTB 
spoMi Toro en^e ohoeb BassyD poJiB Hai^OEaxBEsft BonpocB. Bb 
ABcrpifl ^exE 6opx)TGfl ob Eim^aME, hojceke cb pycBEaHE, CJ[0BEEI^I 
CB ETajn&HEHjaME, mMbsanu cb xopBaiaiiH e t. a- Pa36epflCB xe 

TyTB BO BCiXB 8TEXB OTHODieHiHXBl 

Bceo6n(ee BHEEaEie npEBJieRaia^ padyiiieTOfl, npesAe Bcero, 
cTOJifli^a MOEapxiE Btaa, fa^ bb 6ofi BcrynaiE ab^ npespacso oprasE- 
sflpoBaHHUfl E AHCi^EHJULEEpoBassHH apidH: aETEceMETcsafl E pa6o^aua[. 
J[B6epaiu BB EflTOft KypiE ne mofjie pac^TUBaxB na. ycoixii e 
no8TOMy Exi saEAEAaiypB eheto ho HpEEEnan bb cepBesB. 

Fxasa Boixi Cujol o6pani6HU naBiEy. Oaee cb jiDfioiuiTOTBOirB, 
Apyrie ob BOmeEieMi osiajsfi^JOL aba BKfiopoBB, orb EOTopaFO saBEoiio 



H31 ABCTPIH. 71 

D^OHb MHoroe. Col^aJl'b-AeMOKpaT£I ycTpaHBaiH SesqHOieHHoe sojflie- 
eiBo MaoooBiixi co6paHifl, arHTHpoBajH des'B jcTaiH cjlouout> ■ 
neqaT&K) h HaaparaJiH bcd gboh) BHepris), hto6ei cospyniHTB Bpan^, 
TopAflmarooa nofiiAofi, oxepsaHHOt npH HeAaBOHXi BH6opaxi» vh 
ropoACRofl coB^Ti*. 064 napTia BHCTaBHJin cbohxx RaHAHAaTOB^b. 
Oo^iajTB-AeMOKpaTBi BuoraB&Jin caaraxi^ BUj^aK)iiiHxcfl obohx'l Bosa- 
xoB'b: dr. A^iiepa, pe^aETopa stHCKofi «Arbeiter Zeitang>, myicaepa, 
PeftMaHna h ap- ^^t> aHTHceMHTCKHXii EaH^^AatoB'B, BuoTaBieKHfiix'b 
Vb Bifli, TOJibKO ^BtL — Jliorepi h ARcnaEffL— xdah HHTOJi^HreETBiie. 
Bei ocTaiBHue — nlmR?, plnrHTeiBHO nwiiwh ce6a ne saaBHBinie. 
Boa Hxi saojiyra ooctohti bi tomi, ^io ohh apnBepseHi^u Jliorepa, 

« ;U[fl B^HOKHXl JiaBO^HHROBl, peMeCAOHHHROB'b, HBBOS^HROBl H OTO- 

posefi BToro BnojiH'b j^ocraTO^HO. Bmrb jifiMQ oiyqaft, ^o oahh'l hs^ 
BHoraBJieHHux'b aHTacexflxaMH saHAHAaTOBi», asHBinHOB aa aapoAHoe 
<)o6paaie, ORaaajn: caama nporpaMaa cocToan> es'b Tpex'L oiob'b tHoch 
dr. Laeger»l Co6paaie npaaajio axo saaBJieaie 6ypaBiaa aaaioAB- 
OMeaiaMa. H ji^hiomwrQUhRo ]SflSi 6oiBinaBCTBa BiacRaxi aaTBoeME- 
TOBi dr. JlK)rep'B aaJUieTGa oAai^eTBopeflieai* Bcet noxaTa^ecRoft a 
aROHOMBHeoROfl nporpauKH napria. Bee, ^to roaoparB dr. Jliorepii — 
OBATo. ^BRaa nponoB^A^ peiariosaaro ^aaaTasaa a pacoaoft aerep- 
uaifocTa^ ROTopyK) btotb nanoBiR'B aeAerB bi xe^eaie otoibrbxi jAvh^ 
apaaecjia iuoau. Hacexeaie Bian aasmaxi cAoeai, sa acRjrio^eaiearB 
padyaierca pa6o7axx, cilao haotb sa JlDrepoiTB a fotobo OT^aTB 
CBofi rojoo'B Bi nojEBsy aaa^aro, kofo owl peaoaeaAyerB. Mea^ 
aaiaceaaTCRBf a aaaABAaTaaa o^yxajca o^aai aopi, ae bb aaROtfB 
Ha6yAB nepeaooaoiTB, a bti npaaoaii caaoai dxoro cjioaa, RapMaaaBift 
Bopx — MBTTepaaepB. H, xora mapoaia aacoH aapoAa aaajia, ^o 
MaxTepaaepi yapajTB y cBoero xoaapan^a — aejiBaepa — aicaoiiBKo 
ryjBAeaoB'B, OAaaao, t&m'b ae aeaie Maxxepaaep^ aacROXBRO ae no- 
Tepa^i oaanaxia OBoaxi a36apaxeiefl. ^ocTaiouo 6euio xoro, nro 
ero peRoaeaAoaajTB Jlrorepi. ^aaee pacnpocxpaaaeaoe b'b a^eb bu6o-> 
poBi noA^aaaoe aacBMO MaTiepaaepa, ai RoiopoM'B okb cosaaeroa 
Vb apasi, ae noajdaxo aa asfiapaxeiefi, a MaxrepaaepB Cbu'b 
asCpaai. Aaxaceaaxu Aonyoaajia aa caoa co6paaia toju»ko npa- 
aepseaiieBii Jlsorepa. Ecjia aa aaxi cjiy^aftao noaajuiJioa apoTaaaaR^, 
TO eay ae Aasajra roaopaxB a objioS BacxaBJuua ero yAaiaiBoa bbi 
^ajoi. Caao oo6oft paByM'^eTca, txo aaRiMi ae RoaxpojiapyeKue, 
BOEsaRB aaTeceaaxasaa aom roaopaxB aa cofipaaiax'B^ vro bitb 
TOURo 6iuo yroABO. 

'^xaa opraax aaraceaaroBi, cDeutsches Volksblatt*, npaao yxBB- 
laeaiBca 6e3npeAtiBaofl aarjiooTB ero asAaxejieft a xaaoft se aaaa- 
HOGTB ero noAnac^BROB'B a laraxeJiet. Bi axoa'B opraai an acrpir 
qaexe oavyx) fiessacTtauByi) xosb aa boeromi mary a vb aepeAo- 
BBi^arB, a ai ^Bexoaaxi, a bii aoppeoaoBAeaipflX'B, a ai xejierpaif* 
jiaxi. A^aaa xpaaxa acero, ?to tojibro ctobti xote 6u wh Kaaoi 
Ha6yAB OTAaAoaaoi obesb ci eapeflaa, AoaoAeaa sa^ob ao ooaepmea*^ 



72 P7CCR0E BOrATCTBO. 

CTBE. PeAasipfl HH^iinb pinmeiBHO ho cTicmeTog, Tro6fii toibs(v 
noA'iScTBOBaTB Ha rpyfiue H&eTHH£Tii H6BiseoTBeHHol icaeou. Eft 
HH^ero He otohtb laiucaTB iiepeAOBHi^y o6^ jHOTpefiiesiH eBpeouff 

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pacoBofi HOHaBHCTH H peiHiiosHot HeTepnHKooTH H6 npooua 6e8ib. 
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HiTB HH saxoqeTCfl ee bocth. Eirb coMHiHiJi, ito, eciH6i Bosasii 
aHTHceMHTCEaro ABHaseHia BaqaJiH nponoB'lAHBaTb H86ieHie Bciks.'b espe- 
eBi, TO BiHa 6uj[a 6u CBHAtTexBHHAefi xaKHX'B yxacHux'b sp^Hiqi^ 
xaKHMH osnaifeHOBaAHCL eBpeficsie norpoMH b'b opeAme b^u. 

HaoTyiiHJii'B A^HL BRfiopoBi. Eoifi 6uao ooBctrb TeHHO, RorAa na 
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6ujih npoHSBOAHTBca BH6opu, yse lOinHJiHOB Ky^ss aapoAa, iipe- 
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ffbROTopuxi nyHsiax'B roiocoBaaie naqajiocB no^TH wb 7 ^acoBi. 
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UKi MOSHo oKopie oTAaTB oBofl TOiocB H HATH Ha paOoTy. Me»;iy 
rbwb KOKHCcia He TopoEHToa, n rojocoBaaie HAen oneHB MeAienHO. 
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HOJiaraDTB, npaHaAJiezaTB rb Jiarepn hxb npoTHBHHKOBB. KonHCcapu 

HpHAHpaDTCa KO BCa&Ofi MeJOW, ^TO€h TOABRO OTGTpaHHTB pa6o^HZB 

0TB rojiocoBaflia. 

nepeAB HsfiapaTeJUKH 6K)po oroarB coii;ian-AeMORpaTH^ecRie b 
aETHceMHTCRie opAHepu. IlepBiie OTiH^aDToa RpacHMMH aepeBasaMa na 
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Ea ROTopHe pasAtiOEa Bina, oyn^ecTsyDTB arHTaii;iOHmie nyHBTU 
o6iHXB naprifi. HaAB coipaflB-AeMORpaTH^ecRHMH pasBiBanTca Rpa- 
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caMaa osaBieaHaa pa6oTa. TyAa npaxoAaTB asfinpaTejiH sa ooBtraMH, 
TaiTB 8anoj[HajoTca HHeneMB RaHAHAaTa H86flpaTeaBHHe xhctu, TaHB. 



HB-B ABCTPIE. 73 

yiaxHBaDTCfl BOflKia HeAopasyiiiHLii s t. a* OrxtuHue arHTaI^OHHHHe 
nyHSTii coo6max)TCfl Apyn cl ^pyroirB, no 6oiBmeft qaonr, npE 
noMoii](H BexoodaeAHCTOB'B, xoropue to h jsjkjio MOABKaDTB sa yiHutaxi. 
ArHTaqifl BejifiTCB caiiUMi HHTeHCHBHUMi odpasom oi o^iHX'B 
cTopoHx. AHTHceMHTCKie arflTdTopEi xoAflTi OTB AOMa Ki Aovy H 
yroBapHBaiDTB EsfiBpaTeieft hata R'b ypsi. B'b 8T0fi arHTaii[iii npann- 
UBJDTh o?6Bb BBA&K)ii^eecfi jvaoTiB naTepH h seEn^BHii. lips oroifB 
aHTHcoMHTKi KB fipesrauTb HHRaKHMH cpeAOTBanH. Bi> 12^. yse6iuo 
apecTOBaHO 6oi'be noiyropa ABOflTKa aHTHceMHTCKHZ'b arHTaTopoB'B, 
soTopue noRynau rojioca. Bi nepsoiTB oKpyri, rAi npoTHBi Peft- 
MaHHa BHOTynaerb kb KanecTBi KasAHAaTa aHTHceHHTi BiaorjiaBeKi, 
CTopoHHBBE nocjiiAHflro pa36pacuBa]DTB Maooy sapToqex'B ojiiAyDQ^aro 
coAepxaflui: cToBapami PeMuaHB'B 3a6oji']^x — BH6HpaflTe AORTopa 
djueH6oreEa>. AHTHceMHTU AJMaiorB OTHirL nyreirB uhibtb KaHAHAaTa 

CBOHXl npOTHBHBKOB'L HO BpaftHefl M^pt siOSOJIBKBXli OOTOVB rOXOCOBl. 
B% OAHOH^ GSfiHpaTeiBHOMB nOMtll^eBiH OpAHOpU XOBflTB aHTflceMHTa, 

lOTOpufi noAaoTL oBoft roioci y»e BTOpHqHo. Bo BTopoiTB OKpyrii 
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H dr. AAJiepB paaissajTB otb oabopo H86HpaTeju»Haro noMin^eBiB 
El ApyrOKy. B'B TpeTBOHi OKpyrb, bi BOTOpoMi epotebb mBEaro 
BOZAH aETEooEflTOBi Jlioropa pa6oHie BHCTaBEiE peAaETopa ^emcKaro 
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spasi. OAEaso nECBEO sto eo npoB3BOAETB 6oj[Bmoro BneiaTjrbBia 
sa $asaTE3flpoBaEEyi) Tosny aBTEceicETOBi. AETEceiiETH pacnpocrpa- 
EflDTB ojiyxi, ^0 IQyMaep'B apeeioBaffb e noTepsjiB npaBo 6htb 

ESfipaSEUM'B. 

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Bisa npESBESieT'B CBOfi OdHREOBOEEHft BEAX. Ha yJIEI^aXlb, OOO66SEO 

BB i^BETpt ropoAB, ABExeEie Bnoni EopHaiBEoe. EcieCh vb Biny 
npiixaTB vb stotb a^bb RaRoS EE6yAB EEoerpaEei^'B, eo sEanniit, too 

TaiTB npOEBBOAETCE Bil6opH, OEB 6h 06l dTOEl E EO AOraAftACE. 
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pa8jiE^SH[xi» naprit, yRasHBaeTB be to, tfo oromta AscTpiE nepe- 

aCEBaeTB TpeBOSEUE HEEyTtf. 

Bi ^oTirpe Haca aoabceo 61120 BaKos^STBcn roJiocoBaEie. KoheccIe 
npECTyoEiE Ri noAO^ery foiocob'b. Kb mecTE ^aoaxx vb meflTpaiB- 



74 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

HHX'L a^BTaI^OHHUx^ nynKTaxB Basx^ro H86HpaTej[BHaro OKpyra sa^aia 
oo6HpaTBCfl njGiHsa, osHAanniafl ofixEKieaia pesyjubTaiaTa BuOopoBi. 
3ajni pecTopaHOBi* e^Ba MoriH noMtcTHTB Bce jBei[H?EBaK)myBOoa 
Tojiny, CHiAaoMTK) Jiio6oiiUTCTBoirB. R^wb yxaiooB npoHHJEHyTB bi> 
oieHTpajiBHiifi arHTaipoHHuft nynsTB pa6o?eil napiUI naiaro onpyra. 
TpOMaAHoe noMimeHie peoTopana nanoueHO MHororucfluoil my- 
Mflmen TOJinofl. Mhosoctbo senn^cvB. Bci cb HeTspniHieMB osh- 
AaioTB 06'BflBJieHifl oKOH^aTBiBHaro peayiBTaia BudopoBB. HacrpoeHie 
desyojioBHo onTHifHCTH'iecKoe. npnoyrcTBynmie pascsassBanrB Afjrb 
;Q>yry maHcaxB EaHjuHAaTOBB, sioyaoTpefiaeHiflXB 00 exopoHH 

npOTHBHHKOBB H T. X- EseaiEHyTHO BB SaJTB flBJUiiaTQa BOB HOBUfl H 

HOBsa Ey^KH JuoAefi, Bossiiuanmiji, ^0 inaHCu myMaepa CjneorsiaH, 

H TTO BUfiopB erO H6 nOAJHeSHTB HHKaSOHy COXHiHUO. OASaKOf 

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GsuTb HSB'toeHB. iHcaqHafl Tojina BoiHyeroa h ipefiyerB otb npesH- 
Aiyna o6BflBj[eHifl pesyjiBTaxa Bu6opoBB. Paaxaerca sbohoeb, h loina 
Ha MHHyTy saTsxaerB. ORasuBaeicfl, ^to npHnuo BSBlcrie ebb oahoS 
TOJiBBo cesoiiB. PesyjiBiaTB dJiaronpijiTeHB jifla pa6oqaro saHXHAaTa. 

PaAOGTHUfi EJEHKB BUpUBaOTCfl BBB rpy^H TOJinU. Pa3AaH)TCH JSfiMVO 

HeoxojisaH)ii(ie ephkh «brayo», «hoch Schumayer»! Toj[iia osHBJieHO 
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Apyrolt cesipH. OKasiiBaeTca, mo aETHoeMHroEiS saHAHAarB MeTrep- 
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rOXOOOBB. Ho BOTB OpBXOAflTB HBBiOTifl H H8B APyrHXB CBEI^ii, H HOHTH 

Bci OHH oqeHB HefixaronpiflTHii axa pa6o?aro KaHAHAara. Toina yAH- 
BxeHa, HO yHHHifl nesairbTHO. Ona TasB yfiteABHa bb no6tAi OBoero 
KaHAHAara, ^to ao nooxiAHefl ManyTU enie HaAteToii Ha hto to* xota 
aHTHceMHTGEift EaHAHAaTB npiofipixB TaKoe fioxBHiHHCTBo, ^iTO no6tAli 
myMaepa He mosotb 6£Itb h pBqn. Yse oboxo OAKHaAi^ATH nacoBB, 

H 60XBinHHCTBy H8B npHCyTOTByX)Q(HXB npHAeTCa BCTaiB Ha OJltAyDIIlift 

AOHB OHOHB paHo yipoMB; oAHaBo, hheto h He Kjuaerb yxoAHTB. Bci 
SAJTB o^^flqiaxBHaro ooo6iueHifl. HasoHeiCB, bb nocxiAHift pa3B 
pasAaerofl bbohoeb; aa BOBBiimeHia, fa^ noicin^aeToa npesaAiyMB, 
noaBXflOToa myvaepB, BorpiqeHBiifi rpoMorxaoauMB «hoch»I Kofa^ 
BOCTopseHHse xxHEH OHoxsaDTB, IIIyMaepB HauHaeTB roBoparB. 
nytSxasa oxymaeiB ero, saraaBB Aiixaaie. OAaaKo se nepaua cxoBa 
ero plu ae npeABintax)TB HHiero xbpomaro. Ohb 6xiAeHB, ero roxooB 
SBy^HTB EasB TO HeecTecTB6HH0. MaTTepaaepB BocTopaceciBOBaiB. Obb 
noxyiaxB 24,820 roxoooBB, bb to Bpeaa, KaKB IIIyMaepB toxbko 
20,920. Boi npaoyrcTByDmie bb aeroAOBaHia spa^iB to «pfai 
Mittermayer»! to «hoch Schumayer»! Toxna nopaseaa a caa^axa 
ae BtpBTB ne^axBaoMy BBB'i^eTiK). Koe bto npoTaxsaBaeroa SBTpa6yat 
a Tpe6yeTB y npeAoiAATexa noAiBepaweaia aroro aSBioria. Bet noxa- 



Z8l ABCTPIH. 75 

BJieHH H nocnimHO BhoojifiTb sai sajra, 8a6£iBi» jisxe cnpocETB, KaKi 
o6oTOflTB ]sM^ Bi jiipjvvTb HdCHpaxeiBHHX'b ospjrax'b. 

HOMHOrO CHyOTfl BI ropO^t OraiO HSBiOTHO, TCO HH OiJ^BH'B HSl 

KaH^HAaTOBi pa6oqefi napriH He nonairb B^ napiaMearB. CTOoi^a hm- 
nepin Bina Bu6paj[a naiepiixi asTHceicHTOBi. AHTHGeMHTHSifb boc* 
TopseoTBOBai'B. Bi» BiHi osacajiEicB 6e3aopfl;](ROB'L, ho pa6oqie MHpHO 
paaoniJiHCL no Aoxaii'b h okpio noJiynoHH bi ropo^i Bce 6hUL0 cao- 
koSho h thxo. Touro Bi peoTopaHax'b h Ka$e aHTHceHHTU npas^i- 
HOBaiH CBOX) no6i;i7, no6'£A7 TaRyi) HicnosaHTHyK), Kasofi ohh h caMH 

HO OXIlJlfiJltL... 

To^HO TaEi se 6jiieoTflmeS 6HJia nod^Aft aHTHceMHTOBi h bo Boeft 
ooraiBHoft HesHeft ABorpin. Boi ^eiupe AOHTraTOSHXi nojraoKo^a 
uonaiH B:b pjRH aHTEceifHTOBX, npn^eiTE npoBaiHjiGa TaKOt nonyxap- 
HHft KVkRjsfljifikrh coi^ai'B-jKeMOKpaTOBi, Kasi fiHBinift AenyraTL llep- 
HopoTop^epi. Bro npoTHBEHRi-aHTHcenHTB BeApaiB, o Koxopoirb hh- 
KTO H HBROr^a H HO owxaji'by noijuJTb 24,830 rojioooBi, b'b to 
BpoMfl, RaR'L nepHopcTop^epi Bcero 21,987. 

HecjiKxaHH&fl no6i;^a aHTHceuBTOB'B nopaaua Bcixi. ^ase aa- 
THoeMHTCRiS «Deutscher Volksblatt> 6HJnb RaRi 6u omeiOMJievB no~ 
Gijsflt H fla Apyroft jifiBh nocii Bu6opoBi ho Eainejii ciobi*, vrofiu 
wb AocTaioiHofl irbpi oit^hhtb ee. ORasajiooB, hto aHTHoeicHTfii A^lt- 
CTBBTeiEBHO rocnoACTByATB Bi» HHSCHeS ABcrplH, a co^iaJ['L-AetfORpa- 
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?EXi». B(A rt sapoAHHO axeneHTS, ROTopue b'b KaROirB-nCyAB Rpa- 
BOBi HJiH JLbBOBi 62UE Bcei^xo npoAaHH paCoiOH napriH, RaR'B Ha- 
npBMftpi MOARie peMeoxesHHRH, jiaBO^HHRH, noAOEiaaRH, cTopoxa, pas- 

CHJIBEHe, ESBOniERE E T. Am B'B B^E^ EBJlflXHCB OaMHME pBJIEUHH aPE- 

TaTopaME aETHceMHTCRaro jiarepa. 

Goi^aJi'B-AeMORpaTEqecRie RaEAflAftTH noxyujUE Vb Blsi 88,000 

TOIOOOKB, EXl npOTEBEERE CXEmROMl 120. HySEO, OffEaRO, EpEEflTB 

BO BEEHaEie, HTO Bi EOXBsy coii;iajrb-AeMORpaTOBi» roioooBasE e mso- 
lie jiE6epaj[i]i, e 0OI^ax'B-^omTHRH, TaRi ^to heoto ooipajTB-AOEORpa- 
TE^eoRStxi rojioooBi RaEAEAaTH pa6o^efl napxiE nojiy^EiE oroxo 70,000. 
B'B ApyrEXi npaBEEi^X'B ABCipis, oco6eEEO B'B l^exiE, pa6oHefi 
napTlE noB63jio, TaR'B ^to vb Rosi^i ROEi^OBi eS yxaxooB npoBooTE 
14 OBOflXi* RaEAEAaiOBi bi napjiaxeETB. J[D6onuTEO rojee^octbo ro- 
xocoBi, nojiyqeEEUxi coii;iajii-AeMORpaTauE B'B paajuqEBixi E36flpa- 
TeiBEKXi ORpyraxi naroft RypiE. Botb ex'b coaooraBJieEie: 

KpaROVB 22.214 

BEsep'B-HeiimTaATB 21.987 

V BiECRift oKpyrB 20.920 

II » ». 19.154 

III » » 18.076 

BproEE-B 17.457 

rpai^i • 16.517 



76 "PyCCKOE BOfATCTBO. 

JlbBOBT* 15.310 

npara 1.5.150 

Ct. HejiLTeirB 10^45 

KopHcrfiyprB 9.339 

TpiecTL 4.464 

KpeMCX 3.461 



Bi o6m6ici> 224.791 

Bi niirb oKpyraxi, Tjsjk B£i6opii se npoHSBOAUHOL sesoopeA- 

OTBOHHO, TP7AH0 nOACUTETB rOJEOCS. O^BKO, MOSHO CRasaiB Ea OOHO- 

BaHiH EiKOTopurB AaHEHxi, ^To pa6oHie KaH^j^aTU nojiywH Bcero 
OKOJDLO 900.000 roioooB'B, npHieui hjsho npHSflTb bo BHHicaHie b 
sioynoTpeeienifl, KOTopuA npeasffe Bcero nyosaJiHCB bi* xoa'b no otho- 
meHii) Kb paCo^HiTB RaHAVA&TairL. 

3AoynoTpe6j[eHifl bo Bpeiui BufiopoB'b 6uih bobj^— bto HecoMflr&HHO, 
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xoA^ cpeACTBa Esoro poAa. Caicoe pacnpocrpaEeHEoe cpoAciBo — ero 
noARyn'B E36EpaT6ieft. PeaRi^OEEHE napm npEMiBiUE aro cpeACTBO 
Bi TaEExi mspoREXi pa3M'&pa£b, ^To Vb HaoTOfln^ee speiu octb i^- 
jnie ORpyra, Eacexesie ROTopuxi»^ 6xaroAapa aioMy, coBepmeflso ao- 

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Vb Faxfli^E, BT> TaRoft cTonoEE npEBHRXE npoAaBaTB CBOE roxoca, tio 
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paHE no OHepeAE Bcixx RaEAHAaxoBi e npeAiaranrb hmi cboe yoxyrs. 



HSt ABCTPIH. 77 

Kto Hin» o^lntaen sanJiaTHTB 6ojnbme, vh noiBsy toro ohh h oT^a- 
DTB CBOfi ro200i>. Ha no^Bi HaCinpaTeirLHaro noj^yna BOSHffsia j^ase 
i^aii oipaoiB npouuinJieHHOCTH ^f^i generis. IIoaBHJiHCB Giiei9aABEfiie 
npexnpvHHMaTejiH, HSsftoTHue b^l TaiHipH no^i HasBameM'b <H86Hpa- 
TeiBHHXB masajiOBiy, Eoropue cKjnaDTB roioca, a noTOirb nepenpo- 
fjBJOTb HXB TOMj HJiH ffpyroiiy RaH;piAftTy. HysHO sayiTiiTB o^^saso, 
vso anrraTopH naprift, He npH6'6rai)ii^BX'B xi TaKsm* rpflSHUHi opejt- 
osaiTB arHTai(iH, noA^aci o'^eHB imiioHHpyDrb KpecTuiHairB, npHBUR- 
lOHifB iipo;i;aBaTB oboe roioca. <Bhaho wrh ;^io npaBoe!», rosopHJE 
HanpEMipi iiysEKH no;i:B KpasoBOirB, bhaa, vto aiHTaTopH He toibko 
He HOKyoaDTi roioooBi, ho w^trq He miTaDTCH yron^enieirb npHBJie^ 
EpeoTKHHi Ha OBon OTopony. 

no Mi^pi Toro, Kasi nojiHTE^ecKafl arErai^ EpaflHEXi naprift 
npoHHEaeTB vb napoAHyH) epejij, no Mipi Toro, EaKi Kyjn»TypHHfi 
ypoBeHB HapoAHMXi* Macoi noAHEMaeTOfl, noAsyiTB nepeoraerb aM- 
CTBOBaTB. HanpflMipi bb HexiE, vjsjk emfi jrfcTi 15—20 xony HasaAi 
saHAEAaxH cavutfi 6e83aoTiH^HBBi]rB ofipasoHi noEynajuE rojiooa, xe- 
nepB hItb Hs^ero noAo6Haro. To se canoe Hafinoj^ercH h wb ApyrflX'B, 
(Soiie npocBtn^eHEux'B npoBEHUjisx'B ABorpiE. Eojie e lenepB en^e 
xosHO BcrpiTETB noAKyoi, sasi opeAoxBO arEraniH, e vh 6ojAe KyiB- 
TypH£m Kpaaxii AscTpiH, to tojibko cpopaj^^ecsE, wb bha'6 horik)- 

ApeHoft cTpamHuz'B sjitoyEOTpefijieEift 6HJia BOGTOHHaa ^aors Ta- 
jnntiH. ^0 EeAaBHflro BpeMeEE 9Ta crpasa HaioAEiacB Bcei^o vb 
pyKaxi KOHcepBaTEBHO-RiepEKaiBEoft naprifl, KOTopaa paonopflacaiacB 
jtenrraTCKEME noiHOHomflifE He toibko hb'b Rypin Rpyusoft cofioTBOH- 

HOOTE, HO TOHHO xaRSO HBl RypiE COJIBOREXl 06lI^EHl E FOpOAOBl, 

saRi cBOHMi HeoTBeHieMBnrB AocTOflmoM'B. OAEaRo Boeicy dsBaer-B 
Konen^B, e bi bocto^eoA TaiEipE MEoroe EepeMtaEiooB sa nooii;(Eee 
BpeHE. npesAe Bu6opu hpoesboaejiecb laREMib oCpasoirb, hto crapo- 
era (EaqaxBEERi oRpyra) no coriamesii) oi i^oHrpaiBEHirB npaBs- 
TeiBCTBeHHuirB EsOEpaiejiBSuirB ROHETeroiTB HasHa^an na AaEEBiS 
H3<SflpaTej[BHiizft ORpyrB RaEAHAaia, no 6ojiBnieft ^acTE o|[HOro ez% irbcT- 

HHX'B nOMin^gROB'B. TaROft RaE^HAaTB EEOROnRO He 8a60TEJ[0fl TOM'B, 

nroCu flBBTBCE nepe^TB EsSEpaTejumn, biihoeetb eitb cboh) nporpavHy 
H ORasaTB, %t5 oei Hani^peHB A'biaTB wb napiaMesrt. 9to 6hjio co- 
BepHieEflO xEmnee, TaR'B RaR'B vb nojiBsy ero arETHpoBaiR Boi hIct- 
HiiE BiiacTE, Ea^EEaa oo croposa e Ronqafl BoSTaME. Bofti^ Kas^ofi 
rMBHH 8a6oTEi(Mi Toul, ^to6h RpeoTBflEe noABlAOHOTBessiix'B eny 
cerb noAaifl roioca fb nojiBsy npaBErejaoTBeflsaro RaHAEAaTa. TaRi 
RaRiBioeABORoft RypiE Bii6opH ABOfiEsie, T. e. CEa^aia Boi Hiritonae 
npaBO rojoca Bu6Epai)rB E86flpaTejreft» EOTopHO yse hotoitb no^a- 
ixn> OBOE rojioca vb nosbsj Toro hie Apyroro RaEAE^aTa, to Bce 
BHEHame 6£uo ycrpeiueHO sa to, vro6u fb EsGEpaieJiE nona^aiE 
JTOffE <BlpSHe>, T. e. CTOpOEHERE KOEoepBaTHBHaro RaEAE^aTa. Taiii, 
rxfc HacexeHie 6wio eme ooBepmenso Temio, Budopn BsfinpaTejieft 



78 - pyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

jcTpaHBajnicB o^ohb npooro. HaoexeHie xepeBEH ho npHRHMajio b% 
HHX'B BHsaEoro, y^aoTifl. B'b Kop'ui, bi jee^jsf^Cik nowbmjnok uh Bib 
AOMi CBfliaeHHHKa oofiHpaiocB HioEOiLKO ^eJioBiK'B KpecTBflHi, npe- 
AaHHuxi KaHAHAaiy, fffccsoAEO ^BopoBUX'B noir&mBEa, BoirB, HHcapB, 
Rop^Mapb. Ohe Bii6HpaiH hbi^ OBoei cpem HsGHpatejieft, a Bci ocraxB- 
Hiie SBT6JIH oexa yssaBaiH o BHfioparB toako TorAa, Korxa ohh 6iUH 
jse OEOHHeHU, a npaBHTejcBCTBeHHUt soMHccapB, ycTpaHBaBmift etb, 
ylxan bi jifijToe cexo, ^to6h npo^^aTB h tbitl to se canoe. 
Bx ceiax:b, r^i icysflBE yse HiiijiH EisoTopoe noHATie o Ton, 

RaSl npOHBBOAflTOH BH6opU, ^0 npOHCXOAEXO ffi^OBOUEO HHa^e, He 

TaBx ysib npooTO. Eon KpecTBflHarb'yAaBaJiocL B£[6paTB BiHSfispa- 
TejiH HicKonRHX'B CBOBXi vofifiiy TO EaHABAaTB-noMtiBiHirB npHHHM an 
oamifl pasHoofipasHUfl ir&pH ki TOHy^ hto6u nepeMaHHXE hxi sa cbob 
cTopoHy. Bo-nepBuxi, owb crapaicfl noAKynHTB HSfiEpaTejiet, xasaa 
3a roiooi no nflTH^tecarH, mecTHAeoflTHHAaso no oTy ryjiBAOHOB'B. Hh- 
^ero yAHBHTexBHaro, ^to KpecTBflEHH'L, ho ooBotirB acho npeAoraBioi)- 
QUfi ce6i Tb Bwoffi^ KOTopKfl npoHCTOKanrb otl H86paHii[ onuoas- 
i^oHHaro KaH^HAaTa, aobojibho oxotho npoj^aBajTB oBot roiocB. 

Bnpo'^en, judEhm AaBaiHCB toibeo 6ojAq orofiJunrB hsi H36Hpa- 
TdJied. BojnbBiHHorBO hbi hhxi npojoiaBaiH cBoft rojioci sa xopomee 
yronKOHie— sa BOAKy, Boi6acy, cHrapy. TexHiifi, xHByI^itt BnporoioxB 

pyCHHCKift EpeOTBflHHHl, KOTOpUfi tOTB VflOO OKSOTb paSl B'B TOKb — 

Ha naoxy — pt^^Ko Mon yoTOBTB nepoAi HCBym6Hiein> HaioTBOA h 
HanHTBCfl BBOiiK). To, ^0 o6ima6TB oano3HqiOHHufi RaHAHAaiB, en^e Bofb 
SHaeTB KOFAaTO 6yAeTB, — pascysAiurBTaKOltMysHK'B,— oi noMtn^HKOiTB 
Atio HHieiDB eseAHOBHo. OTAamb CBod roJocB bi noiL3y KaHAHAaTa 
onnosHi^ioHHofi napTiH, Tasi noirbi^HRi cb^^otb Te6a. He na paOoTy He 

BOSBVeTl, HB APOBI H31» sioj BSBTB HO JlfiffThj HE OKOTa BUTHaTB Ha 

nacT6fliiie He nosBoiHTB. 

B'b MioTHOCTHX'bY T^ onQosEipoHHafl arHTai](iH ycntia nyoTHTB 
KopHH, TAt KpocThflHe ECHO ce6t npoACiaBJiflJiE, ^To SHa^HTi Bu6op% 
Toro EJUS HHoro KaEAEAaTa, yse ne AtMcTBOBaiH TaBifl cpoACTBa, Basi 
noARyni HJHE yron^eHie. EHBaiH cjyqaH, no MysHK'b, BsaBOiid aohbte^ 
B03Bpaii][aji^ Hxii HsSHpaTejibHoii kohhcoIe. Tyrb ysi npExoAEXOCB 
npEdtraxB B'b 6ojr6e KpyTUirb MipairB. Tyrb Buoryaaia na ci^OHy 
saHAapuepifl, HHorAa h BOftcEo; E86EpaT6Jiefi, ROTopux'b Hojibafl 6iuo 
HE noARynBTb, be sanyraTB, npano apecTOBUBaAE, saROBsiBaiE wh 
RasAaxu E rnairE B'B SjmsaflmiE oToposEB. ILqcjA BBifiopoBii* exi 
o6uEHOBeHHo BHiiycEajiE Ha cBo6oAy, HepiAKO pjBkf&e esbeeejihob nepeA^ 
HHHfl E coodn^aAE, qro ohe Cuj^hl saEiiD^eHJU no BeAopasyvi^siK), ho 
6bij[o yase BOHiieHO. 

HaCEpaTOjiBHaE pe^opna rp. BaAeHH, BBOAamaE maOHyio noAa^ 
roAocoBi npn BB[6opaxi> saEi bi naToft, Tasi* h Vb qoTBopToft EypiH, 
Hanecjia AOBOJtbHo cajtbhuS yAapi* ROHcepBaTHBHo-RjepEEajibHoft napTin 
B'b FaiHitiB. ^ij[o BT» Toin>, hto npeaiA©, RorAa roaocOBame 6hUL0 abhoo, 
noM'fen^HE'b npeEpacBo sBajn'b, rto noAaerb roJioci vb nojn>3y nero, aKTO 



HBl ABCTPIH. , 79 

npoTHB'L. KpeoTMTHe, ;[ase HacrpoesHue oimosHitioHHO, noHHMasH 8To h 
onacaflOL mbcth co eropoHii noMimEsa, HHorAa ufaxo npHHysA^HU 
6ujai noAaBaTB bi nojirBsy ero cboe rojioca. Teneps hitb se^ero Ohio 

60flTB6fl. HeKTO He 8Haj['B, Kara OHH rOJiOCyDTL, B B03M0SHK 6UJ[H 

Aase xasie oiyian, tto RpecTEflHHE'B, BsaBmift y noHiiUHKa A^HBrH h 
o<SimaBmifl noAAopsaBaiB ero KaHAHAaxypy, roAoooBarb 6u Biy noiBsy 
ero npoTHBHBRa. KoHoepBaTEBHo-RiepHKaiBHan naprifl npBmjia wb 
oMflTOHie H ffknm^ Mo6Hn8HpoBaTB Bci cboh CHJni, ^to6u toilko ho 

AOHyCTflTL H86paHlfl 0niI08HI0OHH£IXl> KaHJtVAaTOBl. 

B'b BOCTOuofi FajiBi^H 6opL6a npoHcxoAHxa iceftAy AByiu Jiare- 

pfltfH. Gl OAHOfi CTOpOHU BUOTyHEJia nOJIBOKail EOHOepBaTHBHO-KJiepH- 

RajEbsafl napriE, j^MoTBOBaBmas vb ooDsi cb KOEcepBaTflBEo-EjepE- 
EaJiBEOi pycEECKOft napTiefi (^paRi^ifl EapBHEOKaro), oi j^pyroS ciopoHH 
roTOBBJECB B'B 6oK) pycEHCsifl oaHOSfli^oEsufl ^paEi^iE: EapoAOBi];ii e 
paj^EKajni, noAAepsEBaeMue e noibCKEME KpecTBEEaME, e noAbcsEHE 
pafio^EME TaMx, r^i co^iaI'b-AeMOKpaT£I se BucraBJuiJEfl oboexi co6- 
cTBOEEuxi Eas^Ej^aTOBi. PycEscKafl onaoSflipE BuoiaBEJia oboex'b 
EaE;i;EAaT0B'B eo^te bo Boix'b oRpyraxi naxofl e RpecTbEECRofi Rypifi. 
TaRi RaRi B'b ropo;^ax'B BOCTOHEOfi raiEqiE pyoEEu npeAciaBJiaiorB 

0«{eEb Ee8EaqflT6JIBH0e MeHbmEEOTBO, TO B^ ropOACROfi RypiE OEE BO- 
BCe HO BHCTaBlflJlE OBOEX'B RaEAEAaTOFB, a BOAAepSBBaifl nOJIBCRHX'b 
XeMORpaTOB'L. 

Ha?ai(GE nepioA'B arETaaia, npejumecTBOBaBmeft Bti6opaM^ E86Epa- 
Tejrefl. PycESH-onE03EiuoHBCTH pasBEBaiE o^oeb osEBJieEHyx) A'ba- 
TeiBHocTB, ycTpaEBajiE EapoAEUfl BtTO, co6paEia, BHCHJiaAfl bo act 

CTOpOBH OBOflXnb aFETaTOpOBTi E T. A- OlOHB A^TeJUEOe yHaClJe B'b 

arETai^iE npESEJirE ceAbCBie CBameHEERE. Oeh oofiEpaJiE cbobx'b npfl- 
xosafli, BHflOHEAE EWh 8Ea^eHie BziSopoBi, paccpoGrpaBfljirE Mes^y 
HEKE E36EpaTej[bHUfl B088BaEiE, FOBopEJiE nponoBft^H sa nOIETE«ieGBifl 
leuu E'T. A- ArETaipfl, BeAeHEaa oaaosEiposEHiui sapo^oBi^aEE e 
paAERaiauE, npoHERajia B'b caHue OT^ajieEEHe yroJiRE BOCToqsod Fa- 

lEUlE, E RpeOTbEEB SaSOIEOBaJECB. IIpaBflTeflbCTBeHSUE ra8eTBi H 

opraEbi ROHcepBaTEBso-RAepERajibEoft napriE noAHaiE rpouRift RpERi 
HeroAOBaEifl, ofiBEEfla pycEHCREXi> araTaTopoB'b B'b A6HaroriE. ^eOAais, 
HGoyraBniECb Eapo^Haro ABEseEia b onacaacB, hto est* exi pyRT> 
Moryrb ycR0ib8HyTb jifiujtdiTcvin nojEOMoqia, ROTopiza oee c^EiaiE 
CBOfliTb EeoTieMseuuMii AOGTOEEieM'b, ciajiE Tpe6oBaTb BMimaTejibOTBa 
BjacTefi E BoScRa e npeACRaaHBaiE, ^to jsjbjLO jifl&jifirb ao RpoBoapo- 

JlflTiA. A'^fiCTBETOJIbSO STOFO M08H0 6tfJlO OSBAETb. HapOAEUfl MBCOU 

BooTO^Hofi FajiEi^iE, BUBeAeESUfl E81 TepirbEifl, fotobu 6iiiE Ha Ha- 
cEiie OTBtTETb HaoEiieM'b. GnoRO&Ebifi, ^jierMaTEHEuft pycEECRift 
MysBRx 6uji'b AOBeAeEX jifi ftbnreEGTBa, e voecho 6hj[o EaaipHoe 
ORasaTb, ^To arETaiopu, npoSyAEBinie bi newb nojrETE^eoRoe oaMoeo- 
8EaBie, EG oiyH'^JiE 6h ero y^epsaTb otl oTRpuTaro BOdicymeEia bi* 
cjiyqai^ eoj[fl6H iipaBBTejibGTBeEEo-^eoAaJiBHHa c^epu npE6trJiE Kh 
opoBORai^iE. PycESGRie arHTaTopu oiEniROHi hosaho bsejiecb sa 



80 PyCCKOB BOTATOTBO. 

A^o b; BHBBaB'B vb Hapo^i rpoMaxHoe j|BH8eHi&, ho CByvtiH opra* 
HH30BaTB ero xorafiu tan, sasi bto o^iiajra vb sanajpioS raiEHips 
noiBCKaa oanosHqijer. PycHHcsia Hapo;(Hus Kaocu He OTAaBajiH ce6t 
OTTOTa Bi TOMi, HTO cjAjijeTb j^tiatb, hto6h npoBecrn OBoero BanjiE- 
Aaxa. ArHTauifl 6iijia BOAena orainKoirB nocninmo. 

^To-se KacaeTCfl BOHoepBaTHBHO — BiepHsaiBHoft DapriH, to ona 
BaRi 6yAT0 coBepmeHHO h ho ;ii;;Maia o BuGopaxib. OHa orpavH^ra- 
jacB TojikKO riwh, tto BtieraBua obohxx KaHAH^aTOBi (iiojiAKOFb 

H pyCHHOBl) BO BiT&X'B OKpyraXT* BOCTO^HOfi FaiHIliH H CnOfiOfiHO 

oHHAaM AHfl Bu6opa nsGHpaTejieS. A& ^ sa^vi se eS; 6uio xao- 
noiaiB no noBo^y BuGopoBi, Eorjica ona snajia, ^to A^Bj^eHie BJiacret, 
xaHAapHopiH h BoficRa o^ibaerB cBoe a^o? Ona osHAajra cnoRoSHO, 
arHxai^iH He Bejia, ho fima yBipena bi toitb, ^to AonyraTOKifl nojiao- 
Motia Tas^ Em HHa^e nonajnyrb vb pyKH ea jnoA^t. Tojibeo ho^th 
HaRaHyHi Bu6opoBx H36HpaTej[eft npaBHTOACTBeHEafl naprifl A&^a 
oe6t 3HaTB. Ha^ajiacb nepBaa cepia apecroBi. ApecroBajtE okoio 
ABaAqaTH caMHXi aHeprHqHuxi arHraTopoBi pycHHOBi h coi^iax'B 
ACM OKpaTOB^. MesAy npo^nnrb bshjih h hIckojibkhx'b yHiaTOKHX'B caa- 
moEHHROB^, arHTEpoBaBmaxi bt> nojn»3y pycHHCSHX'L onnosai^ioHH- 
CTOBB. ApecTOBaiE jtjBOie OAHoro ]i,eiprt9ktdk ji[BBOB0Raro UHArara — 
HoBaEOBCKaro, pycHHCRaro paAHKaia. 

HacTyanJiH Bii6opH HS^HpaTexeft, h botb KorAa Ha^aiacB A^TdiB- 
HOCTB EOHcepBaTHBHo-RjiepHBajiiHOfi iiapTiH. PesyjiBTairB bthx^ bei- 

fiopOBl B'b I^HJ^paXX (BT> OAHOfi TOIBRO BOCTOUOft FaiHipH) npoA* 

CTaaueroa TasairB ofipaaoiTL: lutTb toxob^ki y6]mixi, oroxo 20 
TaseAo paHenuxi n 6oxte naiHcoTX apeoTOBaHanx'b. SioynorpefijieHia, 
KOTopua TBopujiHCB vh TasMH^, npaMo HeomxaHHsia. Bi» drowb ot- 
HoinefliH FajiHi^iK) nepemerojiajia pasBi toibko OAHa Bearpia, fa^ bo 
Bpejffa nocitAHHXi BsfiopoB'B y6HT0 Gojiie copoEa ^exoatEi. 

Biii6opti HsfiBpaTexeft no ceiaMi hpohsboahjihob to^ho TaEHirBse 
o6pa8oii^, sasi h Bu6opu bi JianArarB, o Eoropuxt mu yse ooo6- 
n^aiTH B'B CBoe Bpeva ^HraieiaiTB «PycoEaro BoraTCTBa». IIpaBHTeiiB^ 
cTBeHHHl EOMHCcap'B; pyEOBOAHBmifi BK[6opaMH, cTapajTca npiiasaTB vh 
AepeBHD HeosHAaHHo, no 6o2Bniet ^acra ropasAo paHBme^ niwb 
Bs6opH 6hj[h aasaa^eHU. Ecjih eay aio yAaaajiocB, to ohi ooGapan 

H'teEOXBRO cOBOEX'L lX)Aet» H npOHBBOAHJi'B BU6opU TaEl, TTOfiU ITB 

wcjio HsdHpaTejieft ne nonajTB aa oahb'b asi npoTHBHEEOBi aaHAH- 
Aaxa i^eaTpajiBHaro EOMHTeTa npaBHTencTBeHHoft napria. Taax, rjslk 
EpecTBaae 6Bria aacTopoacfi a osaAaJia npaBaxencTBeaaaro soicao* 
oapa, BTOTi nocjE^AHift nycaajica aa pasiaqaua yioBEa, ?to6h npo- 
Becia B'B HsSapaTeJia CTopoaaaROBi npaBarejiBOTBeaBoft RaaAHAaTypii. 
Bb Th HicTHocTB, TA^ aacojieHie, EaEi tftuo sapaaie asBtoxao, OAacTos 
ae jierso a 6yAerB aacToarexBao Tpe6oBaTB jreraiBaux'B BudopoBB, 
Cuio nociaao boAceo. Bb Kojiapai 200 ^esoaiE'B, aBaamaxca aa 
BufiopH, 6ujL0 apecTOBaao. ApecroBsiBaia naxaaAi^aTajilTBax'B a^* 
BonesB. Tpf AHO nepe^nrojaTB aei sjioynoipeOjieaia, BOTopBia npaa- 



ESI AB€TPIE. 81 

I'EKOBanoB BO speiur BafiopoBib HstfHpaxeiefi. Mtb 6yKBazBHo hs 
^AHOro OKpyra Boctonoft PajiHipv, tjs^ 8th Bfi6opK 6hxh 6h npo- 
iBBeAeHH BuoiHi xerajKbHO. H OAnaKo, ho cicorpfl Ha Bce 8to, onii03H- 
i](ioHHHin» napTiHiTB y^ajiooB Bfii6paTB laKoe 6ojn>nio6 KOJiHqeorBO aa- 
<SHpaTeiel, iTO Bii6opfii HiiuyTopiix'B onno3HQioHHiix^ KaHAHAatOBi, 
msaxooL, 6uxe BHi BCflRaro coMsi^Hifl. Oco6eiiHd cnxBHa 6EiJia Ha- 
AesBAa Ha bh6op'b bowi PTohhokoI onnosH^iH PoHaHHysa, soToputt 
BucTaBtn oBon RaHAHAaTypy wb hhth oRpyrax'B (Y h IV* RypiH)^ 
a^BOKara OieoEHi^Karo, OAHoro hsi oaicfiiX'B BUffanmEXoa HapoxoBi^eB-b, 
BoflsaRa pyoHHGROi paAHRaAHoS napriH HsaHa ^paHKa h CTy^eaTa 
HIifHrepa— Tose paAHRaia. 8totl uocAjuaiii Hirfeiii Bbpnoe 6ojibniHH- 

-CTBO Bl HiCKOJlLKO JSfiWtKOVh TOlOOOWb. 

HaoryHBJi Kdwh bk6opob«b hbi nflrot Kypis h oRaaaiooB, ^ro h» 

•B'Cfo'b pyCHHCRHX'B OnHOSHI^OHHOTOBl BKtSpaffB TOShSO O^RffB dr. flpO- 

oeBHii. Bcfh ocrajcbHue npoBajiHiHOB. PesyjiBTan BHfopoBB hsi He- 
TBepTOt RypiH 6BijrB TaRofl-Sse. IIohth Bea^i inn H36paHH hxh no- 
JMRH HIE pyoEHu npaBHTOJiBOTBeHHaro xarepfl. Hsi oano3Ei](iosHeTOBi 
nonara wh AeoyraTH toabro abb: noiypaj^aai'B OKyseBORit e sa- 
poAOBBi^B TaHHROBBTb, 3iioynoTpe6ieEiE, npoEoxoAEBiniE npE Bin* 
fiopaxi, npeBocxoj^TB BCERifl onHoaEia. M^teize aKHEEEorpaTEBSGEa 
BJiacTE nojiyqEJiE npEKasaEie cBHme Ee AonyoTETB b'b napxaveETB 
HH oAHoro onao3Ei];ioEEaro ABnyraTa. H bte BJiracTs noctapanoB ec- 
HOiEETB npERasBEie oBoero Ha^aiBOTBa, ne saaiiifl can. PyoEsii 
onpoiecTOBaju Bofk BBi6opu e TpeCynrB otb napiaiieETa assyEEpo- 
BEEifl fl36paEifl Bcixi RaEAEAaxoB'B iieHTpaiBflaro ROKETOTa. Maio 
xoro, OEH noAaDTb saiofiy Vb cy^i sa bcA 6e3i» EORjiK)iieEiE e36e- 
paiejiBEUfl ROMEOoiE, oCbeees nvb B'B MomeHHEqecTBt. IIoaToicy vh 
FaJtei^E upeACTOETb n^jnui pflAi^ ohbeb joofionuTEUxi Epoi](eccoBi», 
ROTopHe npoaBDTB EpRift cBiTB Ea EsCEpaiejiBSiiji ltaxflEa^ifl n atott 
crpaHft. B'B Maiepiaii ji^a oyAeCsaro pa36EpaTej[bOTfia EOAocrarKa ne 
6jjifiTh. He roBopE yxe 061 oOKRHOBeHEHtxi cpe^CTBaxi, RaR^B apecn 
E36EpaTeJUi^OTopoBEflRa ounqsEi^OEEaro RaE^EAaTa, HeAonyn^eEie oa- 
no3EipoHEHxi> E86EpaTej[eJBr vb zmlj bh6opobi> e t. n., Ea stotb pasi 
nycEaiEOB B'b xoa'b cpe^ciBa, rpaEE^anpE ci 6iJioft Mariefi. Tbri 
fiaop. vh Towb ORpyri, rAt 6ujcb EstipaEi dr. SpoceBE^B, npoaajio 
xpEAivtTB EsfinpaTejiBEiix'B EECTROB'By yse onymeEEuxB fb ypsy, h 
Eponaio coBepmeEHO HeDOEETSBEi oSpasoiCL. Dr. JIpooeBEqy, ro- 

f bpuS BOBCe Ee Eajl&BElCE 6hTB E86paHHfini'L E BUCTaBEJTB CBOD RaEAH- 

A&Typy eAEScTBeHEo 01 toS i^tmoy hto6h ssecTE E3BftcTEoe oseb- 
jieEie B'B HapoAEyx). naccy, — y^ajiocB npoBecTs vb rokeooIk), npoES- 

BOAEBmyX) BU60pH, JlfiJVb CBOEXB OTOpOESEROBl^. KpOM^ TOrO OSl 

caiTB npEcyTOTBOBajTB B'b sajii BHdopoBB E cHsraiB ESfiEpaieEeft^ 
noAXOjpBmflX'B ri yps'b e onycRaBiiiEXi vb Eee EsfiapaTejiEBEue jieotrh. 
To se caHoe A^iaJTB h oaeeb rpoctbeeee'l, oTMtqaBmift Raa^aro h3- 
6BpaTeifl HOXOiTB Ha naiRi. A ABa cropoEEEKa paAERaJtBEaro RaHAE 
,AaTa, E cam A-P^ flpoceBsqi e ototb RpecTBEEEE^ EaoqEiajiE 220 

7k 4. OrxiJn n. S 



82 PyCCKOK BOrATCTBO. 

Bs^HpaTeiet. MexAY ^i^f Kovjsfik hsi ypiH Ha^sjiE BmuucaTL no 
oEOH^aHiH BuOopoBi HsfiHpaTejacsie ihgtkh, to hxi osasajooB Boero 
HI Bcero 190. Ky;i[a X'i^aiHCB oorajiBEHe TpHAi^aTB? Uohatho, ^to 
nponan xhotkh onnosHi^oHHaro, aHenpaBHTeJEbCTBeHHaro KaH;^iiAaTa. 
B'B TapHonojaoBOiTB ospyri, r^i iipOTHSB rpa^a IlHHHHCKaro 
BHCTjnaxB paAHsan mjrarep'b, BoceMiA^im KpeoTBflVB noxi npi- 
CflTOt TTBepsAaDTB, ^0 oHJi roxoooBan bt» dojibsj IQtfErepa, ueanj 

TilTB V8T» HStfEpaTeXBHOS JpHU BUHJTO T0J[BR0 «<emMpi«a<)t«amft 2HCT- 

xoBi CI ^aMnjdefi IQiiHrepa. 

Bo MHOm'B MiCTHOCTJiX'b SaHAapKH BBipHBaiH J RpeCtTBaH'B H81 

pys!B H86HpaTej[LHHe JHOTEH, pasi OHfl nojiaraiH, ^to otk speoTBflHo 
npoTHBHUui npaBHTejnoTBeHHaro KaHAHAaia. 

BiaroAapa TaKHMi HecjisixaHHHirB siojaoTpefiieHiflirB, bo MEorHTB 
Mftoraxi KpeexBaEe BpuBauoB bt> H86HpaTeji[£Hoe 6x)po, pasHooajor 
iie6eJDb, S020THJIH ROMHocapoBi, pesyjiBTaToiTB ^ero oqetb 6ujio BMi- 
maTeiBCTBO BoopyseHHOlt chiu saB[AaptfepiH h Boficsa. Bo mhofexi 

XepOBHETB BCliACTBie BTOrO CTOflTB BOtCKa, OyAOfiHiie Ol'lAOBaTOJIS 

ooSHpavTB MaTepiarB j^a nporoRoiOBi, a otopohhhrh npaBHreJiBOTBeH- 
HHXi RaHAflAaTOBii TopsecTBji)TB» Hi^o iioiaraTB, Bnpo^exi, vb no- 
oiJbiffHijK pasii. 

BX ROHAi ROBBlOBli Ha BH6opaX'B Vb BOCTO^HOft rajUHI^H BOCBMB 

76htux'B, 6ojiie ABaAuain Tflseio paneHiix'B h oroio THca^H ape- 

CTOBaHHUXX, HSl ROTOpUXl, BQpOieiTB, tOjAs TpeXB ^6TB6pTeft 61IIO 

BHnyn^eHO cefi^acB me noori oRonqaHifl bh6opobx. 

Bi napxaMeHTB Bomjio a^batb, a Biritorb Cb ABymi 6yR0BHH- 

OBIMB, OAHHaAD^aTB pyCHHOB'b, ROTOpilO nO CBOHITB nOIHTH^eOKHirB 

BOBspiHiAU'B pacnaAaDTCfl na npaBirreJBCTBeHHBix'B (6) h onno3H- 
qioHHUXi (5). nocjii^^HJifl rpynna aoboueo pasnomepcTHa. B% neH 

XaXOAHTGfl OJSflWb ptmHTeiBHUft paAERai'B J^-p'B ApOCeBHTB, OAHffB 

noJiypaAHRaii— A-pB ORyneBORift, oxawb napoAOBei^, TanqROBHTB 
H ABa SyROBBHCRHX'B oanoBHi^ioHHOTa HeonpeAivoHHaro xapaRrepa. 
nepBHe Tpn A^nyraia onnosHitioHHoft rpynnu ooHOBaxn oaMOoroa- 
TexBHufi Riyfii, ROTopufl HanipeH'B HATH wb napjiaMeHTi pyRa o&b 
PTRy CTB co^iaJ[l»-A6HORpaTaHH H $paRi(iefi CiofljiOBCRaro. B'b napjia- 

MOHTi OBH SaHHJIH ViOTa COCiAHlfl- (TB 8THMH CaMUMH RpaftHHMH 

l^aMH. 

To^Ho TaRifl «e sioynoTpedJieHiH, RaRui Ku/hvi Micro wb bocto^- 
xofi FaiHipH, npaRTHROBaiHCB AO HeAaB&flro BpeneHH h B'b aanaAHoft. 
OwaRO SAicB OHH yxe noTepajiH totb 6edo6pa8Hiift xapaKiop^, 

ROTOpHM'B OHH OTJI[HqaH)T0fl Bl BOCTO^^HOfl TaJIHI^iH. KyJIBTJpHUt 

ypoBOHB EaoeieHiH, 6ojiie pasBHToe noiHTE^ecRoe coanaHie HapoAHUTB 
vaccL,— BOTB npnqnHBE, no ROTopmirL 3J[oynoTpe6j[eHifl b'b sanaAHoA 
^aIH^i^ He BHCTynaurb yse bi laRoi pisRoft $opui, RaRii fb bo- 

OTO^HOfi. Ob BnOJHt COSHaTeJIBHHirB, nOJIHTH^eORH BOCnHTaHHHM'B nOJIB- 

ORHiTB RpecTBflHHHoiTB HJiH pa6o^HirB HOBOSMOSHo yso nocTynaTB laRi^ 
lURi oi> pycHHOM'B, HO 6oj[Bme& ^acTH xeMHHH'B, aafiHTUM'B. nojaoRaH 



H8L ABCTPIE. 83 

xapoxHSfl vacca ynierb nporeoroBaTB JieraxLHiofb o6pa80]r&, a ea 
opraHHsaTopH h pysoBO/^Tein jAepsHBaDn ee on Cobiijioahux'b bu- 
xoxoBi HeieraJiLHaro xapaRTepa. IIodTOMj-TO, xoth h vb sanaAHofi FajDi- 
2i(iH HpaBHTejiBCTBeHHafl napiifl ji^cTBOBaia h noAKynoifi, b saoHJoeMi, 
oxiaso nopjixoKi Hvr;^ ne 6KJrB HapymeHi. Ha 8aiia;K^ TaJiHitiH ho 
6H2a npoiTHTa hh oAHa Kama xpoBs, ho cifOTpa Ha*TO, ^ro h Sffbob 
apecT0BHBaiHH36HpaTejiefiEKaHA]|AftT0BX, h ba^cb BuoTjnajm soflcsa, 
X SA^cb BiaoTH npBfiiraiH Kb npoBOKaiiiv. 

Sa^ob h6 6iuo HE HapoAHaro BosHjnieHiii, sh Tasoro nopasesifl 
onnosHBiioHHuxi RaHAHAaTOB'B. Hao6opoTB, s^boB o^II03H^ifl no6&- 
AKxa Bx 6oj[BinnHCTBi obpjtob'b EaK'B naroft, las'B h ^OTBepToft xypia, 
a noJETBOKaa soHcepBaTHBHo-mepHKanHaa napiia 6£ua paarpoaxeaa coe- 

AneHHUHH OHiaHH nOJIBOEHX'B pa60^EX'B E Rp60TBaEl. 

B% sanaxfloft raiEi^E npoTEBi ciaEHssoBi (BoscepBaTEBEO-iuie- 
pEKaiBEofi napriE) BBicrynajifl TpE onnosEiQOEEHa napiis: BO-nepsux'L, 
nojiBORaa KpeoTBasoKaa, pyBOBOAflicaa CraiiESOKBirB e peAaKii;i6fi ^^pyra 
sapoAa», BO-BTopuxi npEBepxeEii[u CxoaJioBOEaro e Bi-TpexBExi 
ooipaJTB-AeMospaTH. 

KaiTB npEBopseaipi CTaoESOKaro, larB s OTopoEEESE CroajioBORaro 
]ro6EJni8EpoBaiE RpeoTBaECRyH) apxiD npoiEBiroonoACTBOBaBinErB ao 
OEXi nopi BT» ^aJl[E^iE craE^ROBi, a exi 6oeBolt luavb 6ujrB: «ao- 
20ft coJEEAapEOCTB EOJiBORaro <Kojia>l HTo6ii sanm ^ETaien eoeejie, 
RaRoe sEa^oEie EMierB btotb xoajErB, wa aojcbeu oRasaiB sIorojebro 

CJIOBTB SanqiTEflR'b T. E. <0OJ[EAapEO0TE> — nOJIBCROMB RJ[j6i. 

nojrBORifi vjTj&h BiEORaro napiaxoEra, ESBicrsiifl eoab EasBasieM^ 
EOjocRaro «Kojia», npeACTaBiaJTB ao oex'b EopB rtcEO cnjEOHesEyi). 
GonAapsys) no BoiurB BonpocairB, crporo AHG^E^J[EEEpoBaEsyK) aapiii), 
ROTopaa BcerAa 6iura onopoft npaBEieiiBCTBa. BojmnEEOTBo AenyiaTOB^B, 
BxoAaniEirB vb cocraBi fKojia»» npeAoraBETejm Rpynaaro soMieBJia- 
Aiaia, ^eoAaiBEue oieMeETU, EsfipaEEiie bb RypiE RpynEOft co6oTBes« 

SOOTE E Bl 60JI[BmEE0TBi ORpyTOBIi HOTBepTOfi, T. 6. RpeOTBEECROft Ry- 

piE. HeB-lsecTBeEEaa, 8a6ETaa RpeoiBaacRaa Maooa rajnai^iE aobojibeo 
Aoiroe Bpeaa nosBOJUua ^eoAaxaMi paonopasaiboa Kb RpecTBEEORoll Ry- 
piE, KaRi Bi cBoeft co6GTBeESoft. Q^eaTpaiBEUft E36EpaTejiBEKft ro- 
METerB, opraEEsoBUBaBmifioa nepoAB BoaREME Bii6opaME e cooToanUtt 

HO^TE ECRJin^flreJIBEO E3X ^0Ml^^IR0Bl E JTOAOft OTB EEX'B 3aBEQa- 

nqncB, BuoraBiaJTB cboexi RaEAflAATOB'B e B'b RpecTBaacKoft Rypifl. A 
TasTi RaRB noxin^ERE paonojiarara Be toxbro 6oj[bieeme xaTepiaJU- 
EUME cpeACTBaxfl, EO E ooA'i^ficTBiexi saEAapxepiE, a npE ciyqai e 

BOftORB, TO JlfiXe BBT&XB ORpyraXl, TAt RpeOTBEEe GflJIBEO npOTEBB- 

aacB E36paEi]0 npaBEtejiBCTBeflsux'B^ t. e. ^^oAaiBEBEX'B RasAEAaioBi 
STB nocjii^ABie tifiiu Bu6BpaaxK, 6iarOAapa AftBieEiK) BJiaoTeE, aoxo- 
AEBmexy ESorAa ao EacToan^aro leppopa, noARyny e pasjiEqEux'B 3jio« 
ynoTpefijieEiaxi. 3to npaRTEROBaJiocB coBepmeEBO OAEEaROBo bb ofiiBX'B 
^aotaxx ^aJ[BI^E, npE^exi rocnoAOTByx)nUa b'b FaiEqiE RoaoepBa- 
TEBBO-RJiepBRaiBENa c^opu AoxFO BO BOTpt^ajia cepBOBEaro apOTEBO- 

6* 



84 P7GCR0E BOrATCTBO. 

AitcTBifl. fyk H RTO KOFB iipoTEBO^iftoTBOBaTB Boeicorjmefi: nuflxxi 
vh HajLOKyiBTjpHoft, OToraiofi Duihiuh? Jbi6epaiH, tfopnnqeoa vb xpj- 
TWTb npoBHHipiix'b Oh ^OAaiHBiioinb, wh litsn^u HHKorAa He npex- 
oraBJUUH 6oji[Binoft ojeih, yse no oxhokj tomj, ^to bi btqI 
cipaHi^ noiTE coBopmeHHO JisineHHoft ^aCpEHHoft npomunjieHHocTi, 
Cypsyasifl Hrpaen TperLeereneHHyi) poiL, flfijsjfxm^ HaOpaiiHHe Kb 
KypiH ropoAOBi h ToproBo-npoMUinxeHHHX'B najiarb, HMeaoBaBmie cefia 
j[H6epaJi[aMH (HaorAa AeMORpaTam), no 6oAmefi ^aoiH oroaiH Bi 
saBHCHMOOTH OTL BiiflXTH. A jasi Ras^b Bi oflij HauioHaauHxi& 
Tpaffiipft H HEiepecoBi ohh BorynaxH vb nojocRoe «Ko2o>, to exb 
poib Bi napiaii6HT& 6HJia o^ohb nia^oBHa. 3th iH6epaxbHHe Aeny- 
TaxH pimHTesBHO HH^ero ne hofjih noxiaaTB, TaK^b KaKi npeji(CTaB- 
juuH Vb noiBCKoxi sjiy6i HH^nosHoe HeHbniHHOTBo, BAo6aBosi» e^e 
oBflsaHHoe yoraBorb cKoia>^ Bfi[pa6oTaHHiuii soHoepBaTopaicH h 
Tpe6oBaBniHM'b orb uohobi xjiyfia tfesyoioBHaro nox^HHenui pime- 
HiaHi 6ojD»DiHHCTBa. Taurb odpaaoirb Aftxe BHOini ndepaiBHo h 
j^eHOKpaTH^eoKH HacTpoeHHHft mewb <Kojia» osaaHBaiOH oBHsaHHiarb 
no pyRHHi H no Horarb yoraBOHi, rapaHTflpynnKHirb nonyn coin- 
AapHOCTb Botxb noiBORHX'B ffenyTaioBi. 

BuBan npaB^a nonuTRH oxoxHTb 8Ty couuapHocTb, ho oh^ hh 
pasy H6 yBin^aiHCb yonlxoM'K. Ilpn BOaRoirb noffo6HOirb ojiy^ai 
npecoa, naxoAflniaacfl vb pyaarb ROHcepBaTHBHoft napTin h nousyi)- 
u^Moa orpoMHUH'B BddflHieirb, noxHHMajia crpaniHuft RpHRi», o6BHHaH 
AonytaTOBi, ^epsHyBnuxii BHCTynHTb B'b napxaneHTb npoTHFb boju 
«Kojia», Kb H3MtHi^ HaqionaibHOMy a'&'Ti bi ora^sb vb BparaMH 
noibCRaro napoxa h t. x« HepasBHraa rainqiftcRaii nyfiiHRa A^iroe 
BpoMH xftBaia ce6a rHHEOTHSHpoBaTb 8B0HRHMH ^pasaMi 061 coSn^oicb 

HaiUOHaibHOMl fikA*, tXSMi^Hi OTe^eOTBy> H T. A*> H^ OCHiJIHBaHCB 

noAAepxaib pimHTeibHSirb oCpaaoMi taRHXi xffcoHxeHTOBi, h boo 
ocTaaaiocb no npesnoMy. KpoMi Toro ranniftoRie ^eoj^aiu o^ohb xobro 
noibaoBaucB bcarhmi yA06HHMi cjiyqaeirb, ^toCk npio6pioTH cxopoH- 
HHRa Vb uqi TaRoro Ju6epaibHaro xenyiaTa, ROTopiift npn HSBicT- 
HbDLi yoiOBiax'b Morb tfu oraTb Ka hexi onaomm. ^oboibho mhofo 
j[H6epajibHHxi> noiBORHxi xenyTaTOBi (n^enaHOBCKit, PyroBCRii, Jle- 

BHipdft H XPO9 BKCTynaBmHX'b Vb <KoJ[0» npOTHBHHRaMH mJUXTBI, 

oieHb 6H0Tpo npeBpamaracb vb sipHHTb oiyrb h xoJionoBi ^- 
xajibHo RjiepBRaibHaro fionnraHCTBa. OxHoro hsi hhxi nuaxTa nepe- 
MaHHBaia na cbod cTopony ofiio^^HieM^ xoxoxaaro MicTa, XPT^^ 
safiHpaia Bib oboh pyRH npn noMon^R x6HerE, BBjpy^aa ero nanp. 
H3i TpyxHaro ^HHaHcoBaro noxosoHiflHT. x* Oxhhitb qioboxi npex- 
GTaBHTom raiHii;ificRaro iHfiepaiHBMa cb o^ohb He6oiLniHM'b hcrikh 
qoHieMi nonaxaiiH bi pyRH nuaxTU, ROTopaa yMiia napausoaaTb 
Bd BXi 6jiariH navHaHia. 

OxHaRo BT> caMoe nooiiMiBee Bpena noioseme x^a bt» TaJiHi^ 

HaUHaOTb XOBOlbHO 6£I0TpO HBMiHaTbOfl. Ha OI^OHy BilXBHraOTOH HOBUft 



H3% ABGTPTH. 85 

^anropi, KpeorbflictBo. Foiocx Kpeor&flECTBa Ha^nraaerL pasAaBaxBCfl 
Boe rpone. 

Bi Hameft oraTbi o q^eorBflHesoirE xbhsbhIh bi ^aIII^lH *) us 
noiq[K)6HO xapastepHSOBaiE Boi Te^eina, KoropHfl Ha6j[K)Aai)TCfl b% 
noiHfnecKoft shshh ranqltoRaro speoTBjmcTBa. IIodTOMy lairB ho 
npHfferofl pascvaTpHBaTL xaaoioe hbi hbxi. Mh Koxeirb orpaHR^HTBCii 

TOJDbKO BtOBOJnKHMH Sairb^aHiflllH, OTHOOfllH^HKOfl Kb TOKy, ^0 npoHBo- 

mio Fb opeAi raxHi^iosaro KpeoTBAHCTBa (tb ocobb npomiaro roj^a. 
3a 8T0 BpeMfl nepeirfcHHJiocb aoboibho mhofo. IlaTepi CioaioB- 
GEift, KOTopa ft, BaBi KasaiooB, TOpaji'B yse BjdflHie Ha KpeoTBasoKia 
Kacou, Bj^yrb, fiiaroxapa 6e8TaKTJ(ocTH raiHipicKaro BHomaro jsjuo- 
BexoTBa H miAiTH, OTan nosyiflpHitmefi jnraHOCTbi) bi TaiEi^. 
Aiio Bi Ton, ^0 AyxoBeHCTBo nojp, HanopoirB cTaH^HSOBi irpeAaio 
ero aHaeeirik h onymo ero on iiepKBH, Ayvaa laKiorb o6pa80H'B 
ooBepmeHHo H86aBiiTBoii otb HecHooHaro arHraTopa. IIpaBflndfl bi 
rani](iH c^epii paseuTiiBan Ha peaHrioBHOoTB nojobcsaro KpecrbflHOTBa 
H noiaraiH, ^rro OBanteHHHB'B, oTJiy^eHHut on ii[epKBH, He 6j]ifiTb 
HHiTB HHxasoro BiiflHifl Ha HapoAHUH MacoH. OAHaKO pac^OTB oia- 
saxea HeBipHnirB. RpeetMiHe He TOiBKOHe OTBepnyiHCB otb oTJiywH- 
HSTO, HO oTan oHOTpiTB Ha Hero, uri na ky^eHHsa sa npaBoe 
pjkjiOi xan na orpaxajiBiiia sa KpeoTBHHCKie HHiepeou. Ky^a Gto- 

HXOBCHlS HH H0flBJia£Cfl» KpeCTBHHe HOBCDAy BCTpi^aJiH OfO 01 HO-^ 

ojoixaHHUHi aHTysiasHOM'B; yorpaHBaiH OMy ^aReiBoyrH, lopsecT- 
BOHHHfl OBaAiH H T. A- HaB^ia, cosHBaeiiufl Gtohjiobckhvb, creBazcH 
HapoA'B B.n caMHXB oTAaieHHHX'B MioTHocret, a ero pi^u BsoiyniH- 
BaancB npaMo ctb 6jiaroroBiHie]rb. Hanpacno cBHB^eHHHKH oi axBo- 

HOBl AepOBeHCKHZl KOCTeXOBl TOIROBan HapOAy, ^TO BGHKOe OHO- 

menie cb opeAaHHiiirB aHaeoMi oBfln^eHHEHOM'B HaBAeKaen anaeoMy 
H Ha BpeoTBHH'B. EHHoro He noHonuio. HapoAi nojuiJicfl na <xy^e- 
HHKa» H He oiymajii HHKasHTB yBin^eBaHifl. TorAa Bxacrn, bhah, 
^0 nijio o6cTOBTB en^e xyase, HeseiH npesAe, cTan npecrtAOBaTB 
CTOfljiOBOBaro na KasAOVB mary. EaKi tojibko ohb noHBuiOH KyAa 
HH6yAB Ha Bine, ero apecTOBUBaiH, nepeBOSHJiH vb 6jiHsaflniift nymcrB, 
ni HaxoAHJicfl eyAi, sanHpan vh TspBicy h, onycra ni^Koiopoe npe- 
XH, npHroBapHBau Vh mrpa^y nm si 6oJiie kih nenie npoAOjnra- 
TeiBHOMy TDpexHOHy aaiuao^eHiD. 06iisH0BeHH0 npHAHpaiHCB k-b 
Basoi HH6yAB ero pin, naxoAHu fb fiett h cnapymeHie o6meoT« 
BeHHaro nopflABa», h focKop6jieHie BiaoTeft», h npo^. 8to npHHy- 
AHJio ero (StaatB Vb Benrpix) h nocentBCfl vb Ilemrt. Bnpo^eirB 
H TBM'B ero He ocxaBHiH wb noKoi. IIo HaoTOflreiBHOMy Tpe6oBaHii) 
raniqicsHTB BiaoTeft ovb 6urb apeoroBavB. TainipficsiH bmoth 
Tped^Ban, ^to6h owb 6HjrB HpenpoBoxAeHi vb Fajmi^iD, ho btofo 
A06htboh hvb ho yAaiocB. Bi nemri 6iuo oosBano MHorojnoAHoe 
oo6paHie ho nonny MicTHiixi hojoqbhx'b pateni'B. Ha btoitb oo6pa- 



*) Cm. cPyccBoe Eor.> eeHTji6pb 1896 r. 



8^ PyCCKOE BOFATCTBO. 

eIh npHoyTCTBOBaiH mevm BeHrepoKHxi onnosHipoHHHXi rapxift. 
Co6paHie eAHHOnaoHo npsHUo pesojooipi), Tpefijsmyi), ^o6ii BeH- 
repoBoe npaBHTOjacTBo OTsasajro ^aJDI^ifio]aDrB BncTfliTB vh BSAa^rb 
roHHMaro narepa. Boe ofin^eoTBeHHoe MHtme BeHrpiH aaHHrepecoBa- 
jiocB (yjjsf>6ot CTOfliOBOBaro, H owb j^ifiorBHTeiBHO He 6im BU^affb. 

H BOTB CToaiOBCKit nooejTfleTOfl Bi Hai^b, ropoAKi, Jiesantem y 
caMofi raiHipficKoi rpaiHipi, nepeBOAHTB lyAa obod THnorpa^uo h 
BKOiuaeTB H3ii BesrpiH cboh raaoTH tMsei^t h tll^eiByi bi 
^aIE^iI). BasHitmie nn ero otopohhhkobi npiftasaDn vb ^.mj h 
BirboTi 01 HHiTB BHpa6aTUBaDTB nxaHi H86HpaTeiBH0t BaKEaHiH. 
BxioTi o'B dTUWb A^iejiBHOOTB CiOflJiOBCKaro HamaerB npHHHHaiB 
Bce 6oj[ie h 6ojiie paAfiKaiBHHft xapaKTepi. BHcrynaa Ha Biqaxi 
H oo6paH|HX'B, GioflioBOKift Ha^HHaerb sasBUiB, vso owb ooBepmen- 
HO oonaceH'B cb coniarE-AeiiOKpaTaiiH no boAvb BonpocairB broho- 
HH^ecRaro h noiHTH^ecEaro lapaKxepa, xota He Hosen npHSHaTB 
pemiiH tqaoTHiuTB fflioirb», KaK-B roBoparb ooi^ian-AeHOKpaTH. 
CTOfliOBOEilt c6jiBsaeT0H HaKOHBi^'B H ch npeAOTaBHTeJUHH pa6o9aro 
ABHseHifl FB TajiHi^B, noMiniaeTB vh cbohx'b opraHan OTatbHv vh 
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Ohb HeoAHOEpaTHO saflBiflerB vb obohx% raeersarb, hio, Kas'B b(A 
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craTB AOOTOflHioH'B pa6o^Hxi, KOTopne jifl6uxE ee ce6i, 6jiaroAapH 
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GTOflJioBOKift arHTHpoBajTB B-B BTOiTB HanpaBieHui H HOepeAOTBOHB 

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BaHAHAaTOBi, a peEOHeHAOBan noAAepsHBaiB boIhh cHxaMH KaHAH- 
AaTOFB pa6o?eA naprui. 

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OHa saHHjia bi TaiHi^ oneHB BSAaDn^eeca icicro cpeAH apT^'^'^ 
nojiHTH^ecEHxi naprift. Tan-B Easi TaxHi^ crpana "ihcto aeiueAin^ 
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$a6pHnaro npojieTapiara, to ara napTia ne Hona h AynaxB Tom^ 
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Haro rp. BaAOHH, rami^ftcEaa paSo^aa napTifl noiyuia 6oiBmoe 
SHa^enie. Aijio vb tomi, ^to rp. BaACHH, pasAiuBB rajniipx) na 
rpoHaABue H86HpaTeiBHHe ospyra, bb sotophx'b ropOAOEoe na- 



EdTb ABCTPIH. 87 

oejiesle yronajio fb Haooi *cejn»cEaro, aacraBEJTB co^ian- ^e* 
MOKpaiOBi ofipaTHTB cepBesHoe BEHMasie Ha a^HTa^ilo opexi 
specT&flHi. FaxHiptcEie ooiparL-AeiioKpaTii saHHMaiHCL ok) Gnopa^H- 
^ecKH H npea^e, ho co BpeHeHH BBeAeHia HOBaro HsSHpaTOJiLHaro 
aaKOHa oan Sepyrcii sa bto i^o BocLva SHeprH^Ho. Exi arHraTO- 
pH Ha^HHauTB yoTpaHBaTb MHoromueHHiifl oo6paHifl no AepeBHorB, 
isHa^aia tojtbko bi OKpecTfiocTflrB KpasoBa, a hotoh'l h vh ooraxL- 
mtrb OEpyraxi). O^ohb neGjiaronpuiTHHfl aROHOVHqecRifl ycxoBifl^ vb 
soTopizfl HocraBJieHO raiHiuScBoe KpecrKflHOTBO, rpoKaxHoe KOJiH^ecTBO 
6e38eHejn»Haro npojieTapiaia h npHROBaHHOfi k'b sevjri GIahotu, so- 
Topott sa HeHiiiHieirii wb raiHuiiSoKHX'B ropo^ax'B npomimjueHHOoni 
HOKyAa A'^T&ofl — Boe dio OHnno 6iaronpiflTOTBOBajio arHTai^E vb ffi* 
peBEflxii. JlETOoe BJiiflEie CiOflJiOBORaro, KOToputt bb cboex'b opra- 
Haxi> E sa B'ift^axB BupasajTB oouAapEOCTB eh opraESSflpoBasHUMH 
pafiouME, Tome Ee Majio noKorjio STOMy a^jlj. 

HaKOfleil'L pimeEo 6ujio oouoBaTB o^e^iai[BEHft opraEi jijui Kpe- 
CTBEVB, KOTopiit E HOflBEJicfl B'B KpaKOBi 006HBI) npoEuaro roAA. 
droTB nonyjTflpso peAESEpoBaEEHft opraEi CTan o^esB 6iiOTpo 
pacnpocrpaHETBCE cpexE BpecTBEEi, KoiopHe ^flran ero HapaoxBarb. 
Ko BpeHOEs BufiopoBB pa5oqafl napTifl yxe EiilJia cpoAH KpeoiBEflCT- 
Ba Ee TOJEbKo naccHBEUxi npEBepseEB^eBii, eo h aRTEBHUX'B arEia- 

TOpOBl, ^T0 DOSBOmO napTiE BHOraBETB CBOEX^ RaSAEAaTOBl Vh 

tioumeft qaoTE E36flpaTej[BE£ix'B OEpyroBi naTOfi RypiE. 

HaqaBB arETa^iD no j^epoBHflH'B, ooi^an-xeMOEpaTS hommbu 
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spaxaHE E RpeGTBEECRoi napTiefi. TaRi rbri nepBHe npea;Ae Boero 
paacuTUBajiE Ea noA^epxRy 6iAHifinieA ^aora oeiBCRaro jmxa h 
^erRo EaxosEiH cpe^H hbxi npEBepxeEi^effb, to RpecTBESORott nap- 
TiE Boieft-EeBoiefi npEniJiocB onepeTBCE sa 6ojr&e aasETonurB My- 

^KEROB'B, ^TO TOT^aCl SO OTpaSEJIOOB E Ea BCOfi A^TeXBHOOTR 8T0tt 

napriE. Majio no Maiy RpeoTBEEORafl napTia Ea^BaaerB TeparB oBoft 
pi^B^aiBEHA xapaRTep'B. Oaa beahho nepexoAETB EanpaBo e saBE- 
suBaeTB TftoEilniifl cEomeEiE cb ROSoepaaTEBEoft rpynaofi 6oraTiixi 
xysEROBi, rpynnEpynniBxcE vh tMysEi^ROM'B CoDai^. PesyiBTa- 
TOHi 8Toro cfikflseEifl EBiaeTCE coeAEHeHle RpecTBEEORaro Rji[y6a vh 
iBBOBCROiTB jiaEATart CB AenyTaTBHE HBi cMysEipcaro GoD8a> b% 
jvm. BwioTi ob 'Awb bb opraaaxi RpecTBEECROfl naprin otoabe- 
raerea na aaxEifi njiaai 6opB6a oi ^eo^aiaiiE e RiepERaiESHoirB, 
a BGE ea ararai^ EanpaBxaeToa npoTEB'B ooi^aivAeHORpaTOBi. 
KoEcepBaTEBEo-RiepflRaiBEzui o4»epu, sanyraHEiu EeosEAaHHSirB 
noEBiesieirB pado^EX-B arETaTopoBi vh AepeBEEXi, fotobh npEME- 
pETBoa (TB RpecTBHECRoft napTiefi i^OD EesEanTeJOEfixi ycrynoRi. 



88 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

OpraHH npaBiTencTBeflHOfi npeccH omirTODTL oBOft tohi, roBops o 
ABBseEiH, pyKOBOAflMOin> r. CxaDHHCEBirL. 

BoeBoft ueqi «AOJiot coxBAftpHOCTb nojucRaro Kojia» pas^aeTOft 
Bce ojiaMe h ciaftbe oo CTOi6itOBi» opraHOB^ KpecTBflHosofl BapriH. 
XoTH spevAO c^HTaiocL pjkMowb ooBepmoHHO pimefiHHirb, tto Kpe- 
CTsaHOKie AonyTaTfii, Bii6paHHii6 Ha ooHOBaHiH nporpanMU c^yra. 
EapoAa>Y He Bofl^yTB bi cooraai noiBCKaro cKoia*, a oocraBflis 
cne^iaIbHilfi sj[y6%, lenepB opraHU KpecT&flHosoS iiapTiH HacraHBa- 
DTb TOJiBBO Ha H3HiH6HiHyoTaBa cRoiai. EcjiH yoraBi €Koia» 6yAeTB 
HBHineHi H uenaiTB xpeonHHCBOfi naprii fiyAen ^ana BosHoxHocrb^ 
BHorynaTB oaiiooToaTeJiBHo no BonpooaHi, sacannvtiica specrbflHcuix'b 

HHTOpeCOBX, TO HH BCTynHlfB Vh €RoiO», FOBOpHJIH 8TH OpraHH. 

RoHcepBaTHBHo-KJiepHKaiBHUfl rasoTU Kasi 67;^-6h h BHcrynajnv 
e^e HpOTHBi KpecTBflHCKaro ABHxeHiH, pysoBOAHHaro r. CranHHCSHMi^ 
OAHaKO OTB BpeiieHH Ao BpeHeHH oii jifiMe XBajian ero, o6pyBiH- 
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Bpeiia BH6opoB'B, thtb CMHpnie oTanoBEJiHCB Bosau speoTBflHcsoft 
napTiH. Boiie paAHkajiBHafl ^aoTB KpeoTBancTBa MacoanH yxoAHia^ 
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ABHseHiD Ha^aflH npHHaBUBaTBOH xdah HH^ero ei hhitb ofivaro ao 
OHX'b nopi H6 HiciBmie h hbho HaAtflBmieoa BiKa^eoTBi cnapoA- 
BEKOBi» saHOJiyCTTB AonyTaTOxoe noinoiio^ie. 6i KpecTBHHCKoirB^ 
ABHseniH, pyKOBOAHMOiTo c^pyroM'B HapoAa>, Bce ap^e crajTB bhotj- 
naxb aHTiceMHTHsmb. 

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OKpyrax'B sanaAHOfl TaiHiuH Basi vh naTofi, i&B,'b h bi qerBeproft 
KypiH. To xe caMoe cAixaii h i^eHTpaxBHiitt KOMHren soncepBaTEBio- 
BiepHRaiBHofi napriH. IIpHBepseHi^ CroajnoBCEaro ycryiiHJUi co^iaJ^&- 
AeMCKpaTaiTL bcd naryi) Eypin sa HOKjnoqenieK'B oahofo Ha6Hpa- 
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BepToft. ^Ba Boautsa KpecTBHHOKOft naprlH BUCTynHu h vh ropoA^ 

CBOfl KypiH BO JiBBOBi. 

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oxHAHHia. Bci nojiaraiE, wo ooiuajn-AeMOKpaiH ho toibbo ho 6y- 
ATTb BuCpaHii HH vb OAHOVL ospyri, HO Aase ne npiotipiTyn^ sna- 
ureiBHaro KonqeoTBa rojioooBi. Tose caMoe jijmhiul h o npHBep- 
xeHi^x'B GroaiOBCKaro. 3a to hotth hheto ho ooMHiBaxca, qTo Kpe- 
cnaHCKaH uapTia no6lAHrb h npaBHTeiBCTB6HBHXB saHAHAaTOB-B, b 
KaHAHAaTOVB GroaiOBCfiaro, h coiUajTB-AenoKpaTOB^ no KpataeS Hip'i 
Bx 10—12 OKpyrax'B. JAqmjij t^wl bbquo KarB pas'B Hao6opon. 
Bb nATOi KypiH o6i ctojihi^ TaiHi^H xocraiHOB coiqan-AeHOKpa- 
TaiTB ^aniHHCBOMy h EosaReBH^, npn^irB nepBuft hbb hhx'b 6ujrK 

H86paHl KOlOCCaJCbHUlTB 60JIBmHH0TB0MX; OAHHCTBeHEHt KaHAHAaTB 

CroaiOBCKaro, KpecTBaHHffB-peifeoieHHHKB KyfiaKB, TOse6urBBii6paffB. 
?to xe BacaeTca BpecTBanoKoi napTin, to eft yAaiocB noiy^RTB OABa 
OAHO AenyTaTCBoe noxHOHoqie, Aa h to eAHHCTBcHHO 6jiaroA&Pfl noA- 






H31 ABCTPIE« 89 

ffipmsA ooi^an-AeHOEpaioBi, KoropHe rojrocoBUH b-b noiBsy Kpe* 
exbflHOKaro KaHAHAaTa dr. BHHROBCKaro npH nepeiSajuoTEpoBRi. 

Bii6opH Esnb qeiBeproft xyplH, Ea sotopyi) npeHvyiqecTBeHHO paa- 
c^HTiiBaia KpeoTbflHOKafl napiifl, oeohuuhob noiHuwB es nopaze- 
mewb E TopxeoTBOiTL OrofliOBCKaro. IIpsBepseHi^eBi GroEJioBcsaro 
lafipaHo DETB, KasAEj^aiOBi KpecxuHCROft aapriE toibko j^Boe. To«o 
Tasse E Bi ropoACKot napiiE nposaiEiECB BEAHUmie npoAoraBH- 
Ten H BO»AH KpecTUHOKoS napriE: 6HBmift ^^eEyran JIeBaxoBOEi& 
V pe^aRTopb <JlBBOBCKaro KypBepa^ SoBaxoBEVB. Bi neii EsdpaE- 

HfilXl MS^ ^OTBepTOtt EyplE GTOpOSSEKOBl CrOElOBGKaTO, RpOKi 96- 

THpen KpeoTBflHi, OKasajioa ojsflwb aABOBaTB s oaekb CBJuqdHHER'b, 
RaKi pasi HasasyHi EstipaHk jiEmeHHiifi npaBa EcnoiHETB oBEH^eE- 
Hfl^eoKia o6fl8aHsocTE — inTOH^^epi. CavB CTOEjroBosii, xebe kb Hai];t, 
pyKOBo;^J[^ bo^me B£i6opaME cboexi KasAExaTOBi. GavB osi He 
HorB BucTjnaTB KaHAEAATOiTB, Tasi saKi EOTepajEi Ha meoTB Arb 
opaBo B36paHia vh Aenyiatu Ha ocHOBaniE oAHoro oyAe6Haro npEro- 
Bopa. B-B AOKaCpt SToro ro^a CTOfljioBOsiJl GHOBa noxyuucb bobmos- 
HOCTB j^aoTBOBaTB Bi Bu6opaxi9 xaxi Kaxi K'B 8T0M7 cpoxy ECTe- 
Kaan meeiB jiin co BpexefiE norepE hjtb naooHBEaro s86flpaTejn»- 
Haro npaBa.. OjifiWb hsi Bu6paHHnx'B lenepB ero * ctopoheekobi, no 
Beeft BipoflTEOCTE KpecTBEEEHi Ky6E?B, OTKaaoeicfl otb OBoero 
noiHOMOiifl, a Buicro sero BOftxerB vb napxaHeHTB cani OroEjoBoidft. 

Bo Bcefl sanaAHott TajumiE KOHoepBaiEBHO-uepflKaiBHaa napriE 
noiepnijia cipaniHOe nopasoHie, on Eoropoi efi yae ho onpaBETBCE. 
IIpEHii[Eni cojHAapHooTE Koio yHE^TOseffB, rtjpb sara he npEBop- 
wL&mfi CTOflJiOBCRarOi hh co]]iiafl'B-AeMoxpaTH ne Bo^njTb vh cooraB-B 
nojiBCRaro Rjiy6a Vh napiaMOETi. TaREKi» oSpasoHi bib aBCTpifioROirB 
peixcrart b% nepBHJt pan noflBJmeTOfl nojtBCRafl onnodEii(iE. OBa, 
npasAa, cjia6a vb RoiE^ecTBeEEOEi oTHomeHiE, so sa to 3a net eioflTB 
HapoAHUE KaccH. yae na nepBom sactAaHiH HOBaro napxaneHTa 
noucRoe <Eoxo» no^BCTBOBajio, RaRi HenpiETEo EviTB aeEJUiROB^ 
BTB oanosEiqE. KorAa pascMaipEBaicH BonpocB o&b ooBotioaneHiE 
OAEoro HB'B rampfloREX'B AonyTaTOBi, HpsBepseHita CTOEioBORaro — 
RpeoTBEHEHa Illaepa, aaRiD^eHEaro Wb TDpBiiy sa H86EpaTej[BHyD 
arEiai^K), coii;iajiXAO][ORpaTB ^mBHOsifl e ctopohhhkb QroEJiOBCRaro 
J(aHEJuiR'B ycniflH HaroBopsTB ctoabro ropBRErB hotevb noj[BCROicy 
cKojy», 9T0 npeAciA&TejiB eToro nocJui^Hflro OBopoRilt ne mofb yAep- 
saTBCE on ojied^B HeroAOBamfl. . 

CaMUiTB xapaRTepHinrB MOMeHTOHi vb ranqiftOBEX'B BHfiopaxi 
EBJifleTCE H86paBie AByx-B *) coipan AOKORpaiOB^. Ooo6eHHO nopasE- 

TexeHB BEl6opB AftEEEHCRarO B'B RpaROBOROKB ESSEpaTOXBEOlTB ORpyii 



*) Co6cTBeHEo FOBopa, Bu5paH0 Tpoe coitfaJiii-xeMOEpiiTOBii. Tpevifl— Jfie- 
jujDxeBBqi, saBuowsBxift vh nop&My sa HsdiipaTeaiBEyiD arsTai^io, BOJEy^sn 
ropasAo tfonme roaocoBi, Hoseas ero npoTHBHHKb bc. Ilacropi. Ho sa 4d-TH 
jEflCTRax'b, OTAasBtm b% ooney HeiamseBna, me 6mxo toqxe hsa^ Z, s ste 



90 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

nflTofi KjpiH. 8to OEpyrB oi npeodiaAAiDmavb KpeorBflHOKHirb sace* 
jLemewby a hosaj Thu% ^aisHHOBilt 6hLsrb HsSpas'b TaKHMi ConmEH- 
cTBoiTb roiroooB'B, KaKoro h6 ^OJlJ^HJl^ hh oj^hhi hsi pa6o^HX'L KaH- 
AHAaTOBi Bi caMuxi npoHsniJteHHHX'b OKpyraxi ^exiH v MopasiB. 
B'B TO BpeHfl, Kor;^a o6a npOTHBHHica ^amHCBaro — KaBffHAaTB npa- 
BHTOJiBCTBeHHoft H KaHSHAarB BpeoTBBHCBofl napTiH — nojry^HJDi Birb- 
ort 6.000 roJiocoBi, ofb 6un HsSpasi 23.000 roioooBi hsi 29, 
yqacTBOBaBinHxi vb BHtfoparB. Oabbli BpeciBflHCEHx-B rojiocoBi ^a- 
mHHCBift nojtyui'B onniKOH'B 12.000. 

To^Eo TaBse h bo jiBBOBCKoirb OKpyrt^ rjsjk npoTflsi pa6owro 
KaHKEAaTa RasaEeBEqa BKCTynajTB npesHifi ropoACKOt roioBa Mox- 
Haiqcift H paAnsax'B Bpafiiep'B, KosaBeBE^'B nojiy^jn rpoHaAEoe bo- 

JTEHOCTBO BpeCTBEECBErB POJIOOOBl. BuGopi (^aKTE^OCBiA) ^JHflDIBe- 
BEW Vb ^EOTO-BpeCTBflECBOlTb, B'B TOliy 86 6^6 CMimaHSOH'B, EOIBOEO- 

pycEsoBOM'B EpoojaBCBOiTB oBpyrfc, EpEHo nopasETaiefl'B. H jspjne 
pafio^ie BaEAEAaTH nojiyqfljiE BEyflrarejiBSoe boie^ootbo roxoooBB s 
TO A&se BT» TaBOiTB OBpyii, rfljk arETai^ eo BenoB est6ecebeo/e 
Txk 3Ji[oynOTpe6jieEiE 6wie o^beb bojiiebe. 

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fiEpaTeiBEUMi 6Dpo, yse bb A6CflTE qacaMi yrpa 6hie y6pasH. 
KorAa se eoab fie^ep'B cTaio ESBicTEO, ^ro XanmEOBift EsOpaEi, 
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OBaiUn CBOOHy A^I^TaTy, E AOOTaTO'iEO CHJIO EiCBOJIBBEX'B CAOBB, 
CBaSaflEHlB EITB, qT06u BOi 8Tfl JDOAE CEOBOflEO paBOQIIflCB UO 
AOMaiTB. 

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E BO JiBBOBi, EO TaiTb JIBBOBaEie 6UJL0 OMpanOEO Se^aiBEHMB CO6H- 
TiOMB Vb ^aBEAOBi, AOpOBeEBBi, pacnOIOEEeSEOfi EOAaJKOBO 0TB JbBOBa. 

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CEXB nopB em.e se oboetoeo. 

^aBEAOBCBaa Eoropifl AOBasuBaeTB, BaBB eo EpasH 6im Ti ebb 

pyCEEOBB E EOJUBOBB, BOTOpUO yOKETpEBaiE BO BCtXB 8JtOyEOTpe5xe- 
EiflrB E BpeOTBEEOEEXB BOJIEOEIEXB BB BOCTO^SOft Tami^E ECBJOOn- 

TOJiBEO Eai][ioEaiBEyD EOABJiaABy. IIoiBCBiE moBEEEOTE^eoEifl raaoTK 



SHOTRH HO 5iuDi BpHHATH BO BHflMaHie. Ho QMOTps Ha 8T0, JKezaiiiBeBiraB 6ua.% 
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oTfcflHcKoft iiapTiK noAX^pauuEH npaBHTOJiBCTBeHHaFO BaHXHA>^Ti^* BuSop% Iltr 
OTopa no Boet B'^oaTHOcTH ho Gyx^TB yTB6psA6HB napameBvoirB. 



H81 ABCTPIH. 91 

npexcTaBiUH bod fid6ipaTexui7i) aniTaiqD pycflHoiuirb onnosHi^ioH- 
HUTB napiift, uucB nponoB^AB HeHaBEon npoTHBi «juxobi>, a bu- 
BBaHHiiui OTOft arHTai^eft Boueidfl, icasi <aHTHnoj[LORiji». AaBHAOBO— 
^moio noAhCKoe oeio, bi soTopoiTB HirB he oAHOro pycHHa. KaHAHAarL, 
Bib noiBsy KOToparo roJiocoBaio Aebhaobo, Siutb nojiaKi (Kosase- 
Bm). Boo6nte, fijiaroAapa pe^opxi rp. BaAeHH £ npHTOKj niHpoKExi 
xacci He j^aoTBOBaBmaro ;^o ohxii nop'b vb HdfiHpaTeuHOH'B ABHaceHiR 
HaoeieEiH, Hai^ioHaiiLHHe ^aKTOpu, HrpaBmie npeaiCAd vh ABcrpiH Ta- 
Kji) BBZAaDn^jDCfl poiL, Ha^oraaDTB OTOABHraTBoa sa saAHift niani. 
TaEi, B-B oiBepHOi ^aors ^exlH, soropaa ao ohx*^ Hop's 6uia 
apenoft OT^aaBxoi Hai^ofiaitBHoil 6opB6ii Hea^ HiMei^iHiri» 6oiBinHH- 

CTBOITB E qemCKHlCB MeSBBIEHCTBaiTB, Ha 8T0TB pa3i nojiHTH?ecKaa 

6opb6a Hiciia poBepmeHHo HHolt xapaBTop'^, fiiarOAapa BHtmaTeja- 
oisy pato^efi napriE. PesyiBTarb Cbutb totb, tto Bci naTL AenyraT- 

CKHTb nOJEHOKOHifi ciBOpHOfl ^exlH QOHaiE BB pyKE COipafll-AOMOKpa* 

TOFB. Bi eroiTB, BnpoqeirB, h^tb HH'iero yAHBErexBHaro, laxi KaKi 
EMeHEO ciBopHaa Hexia EBiflercfl caHOfi npoMHBueHHolt ?acTBX) AB- 
crpiH. Majio Toro. H bb pesyuTaTi bhOopobb esi cejiBOKOfi KyplH 
TixB se oKpyroB'b pa6oHie KaHXEAaTU ^eiBeproft KypiE nojqr^Eu 
oqoHB 3Ha?ETej[BH06 KOJiH^ecTBO ToioooFB. Hto xe Bacaerofl ropoAOBB 
oiBepHoft ?exiE, to bi Pefixes6epri, bb drepi, fb Kapio6aAi> bb 
Te^eni e bb TltfijioHi^ a^jio aomjio aa^ko ao nepe6aji£OTHpoBKE 
xesAy Jni6epauHHMH e pafiouME KaHAEAaiaiiE, npEioHB jm6epaj[H 
no^'boAajoi eA^EHCTBeHEO fijiaroAapa TOHy, ^ro bb noJEBsy hexb roxo- 
coBaxH H6 TOXBKO Exii iipflBepzeHipi, Eo E Ea^iosaxu, E KxepEBaiu, 
H xoe-r;^ Aase ^exE. 

3a ECEJOD^enieirB Eixei^Koll lacxH ^exiE e CExesiE, Boi octaiB- 
sufl ?acTE saoxiAifl cb. Bai^aBa BucRasaiHOB npeEMyn^eoTBeHHO bb 
noxBdy xxaAO^exofiB, soropHe cb oahoA croponu yHE^nosEXE ocraixE 
etapo^enicBoll napTiE, ob apT^^ — Easeon lEsexHft yA^P^ Hiiiei^- 
XEMB lEfiepaxaiiB. Bb nflToft sypiE BoreMiE esb oAEHsaAAaTfl espy- 
roBB OB npeodxaAaDEVtMB ^emoKEicB HaoeiemeHB toxbso Asa nonais 
BB pyKE ^enioKErB ooitiaiB-AeHOKpaTOBB: Cmexobb e IIexbseo. Bci 
ooraxBEue fimn Baflm luaAO^exauH. Oaeeb esb hexb, npaxoidfi, 
OEs noiywxE, Bnpo^eEB, ob fioxbinsME yosjoHME. Bb aroirB 0Kpyr6 
Chjtb BuoTaBxesB luaAo^exB BpxesEOBCKitt, E3BioTSHft cBOEMH pa- 
AEBaxBHUKE pt^Qtufl Eai^OHaxBEaro xapaKTopa s noxBsyDiHiiflcH 6oxb- 
molt nonyiflpEOOTBD bb ^emosEXB MacoaxB. Ero conepssKOHB 6hxb 
Jl.iAEi^, OQHTEHft BosaKB pa6o?aro ABEzesifl. maEOU BpseanoB- 
OKaro tvua. aobojibeo xopomE, TasB saKB npaxcsift ospyrB ooctoetb 

H3B OAHOi TOXBKO IIparE, 6e8B HpeAEtoift. npeAHiCTBfl, SOTOpSH 

HisorAa 6hxe oajfOOTOflTexBSHiiE ropoAainr, bb EacToaiKee BpevE oo- 
BepmeEEO oxexecb ob Ilparofi, ^ro oAEaso se Mftmaio spaBETexBorBy 

npECOeAHEETB EXB KfB COCiABElTB, HECTO KpeOTBEEOKEirB EBfiEpaTOXB- 

EHMB OKpyraMB. Bb caMoft xe Ilpari $a6pEKB e Boofin^e npoHiun- 
XCESHXB saBOAeEit HO^nE e^tb: Bci ose EaxoAHTca Ha npeAvicTBaxB^ 



92 PyCGXOB BOFATCTBO. 

TAi H sHBeTL npeotfjiMiaDmee 6oiBniHHCTBO pa6o«X'B^ kukb rtxi^ 
xoTopHe pa6oTaDTL fb caMoA Ilpari. Tim He nesie patkral Blui- 
AHA^Tb nojy^HJTb OTOiBKo FOioooBi, TTO Hyauso 6hjio npiMrHyTb k% 
nepedajuoTHpoBK!]^. H botb pawKajii BpxesHOBOidA, ^toAh ofieaire- 
^ETB 066i xenjraTOEoe nojiHOxotie, sanpaBueir Kb BOxaKy MioTHizx'B 
KJiepHKaioB'B K j(a^i otiiiuaHie, ^to oh% He dyxerB BHcrynaTB Bi 
napiaMeHTi npoxHBi TpetioBamft EJiepHxaiOBi. Sapy^HBinHiOB Hos- 
XepxKoi uepHsaiBHHxx BJieMeHTOBrB, EpsesHOBositt 6un yse yBft- 
peH'B vb Qo6iffl. H Tin He Menie, OAiaiio, A^A^VJ yxaiooB nojiy- 
UTB oianiKOH^ QaTHawaTB thoh(ii» roaooOBi, Bcero na HicRoxBso 
THOHTB MeHBme BpaseBHOBOKaro. 

don coDSi cBoOoxOMHCJumaro panHsaiaoi uepHsaiaMH o^ohb 
lapaKTopeKb H Bi BH(k>pa» wn nflroftKypciHHetfEU'BJiBieHieirBptx- 
tawh. Bi Toft se ?eilH mh bhxhmi Ran npn daxioTHpoBsarL HtHi^ 
6paTai)TCfl 00 cbohhh sbejutkhh sparaMH TOxaicH, feoxajm 6po- 
cauTCJi Bi o&barha. luaAO^emcKHTB AenoKpaTOBi, aHTHceKHTu ohh- 
paDTOH Ha 6oraTiU'L enpeeBi h t. x- Co^iaJ[BHHft ^^aRiopB yoTpa- 
HHen Boft ooofipaxoHiH nai^iOHaiBHaro h peiftriosHaro xapaKTepa, 
ofijoixaen naprm, soTopnfl ao chx-b nopi Bpaa^oBaiH xpyn ci xpy- 
roxx H coeAHHHeTB Hii vb oxHOHi Jiarepi au 6opb6h ox o6nvarh^ 
6osie onaoHHHnb Bparom. 

Bi cexBCKofi sypiH luaAoqexH no6iAHAH Be3A%, fa^ iipeo6ia- 
AaerB ^emoKoe Hacejieme. Toa&ro bx TperB HsSHparejcbHurB ospy- 
FarB 6BLIH HstfpaHBi ^emcRie ROHAHAaTH, BuoraBJieHHiie npoTHBX o^- 
4»Hi^iajiBHizxi KaHAHAatOBi luaAO^emcRaFO i^eHTpaxBHaFo R36HpaT6XB- 
HaFo ROMHTera, Aft h to oahhx hsi hhxx — npecjioByTHit BamaTBdl — 
MjfaAoqexi.Hsx A^yxi oerajUkHuxB oahrx RiepHRai'b, aPF^ — aFpapift. 

Bi FopoAORofi RypiH ?exaM*B yAajiooB oAepsaTS dieoTHn^yi) na- 
ipoBajiBHyx) no($iAy bx ByABotoi (BopeHifl) h OxBMX)n;ib (MopaBift). 
nepBnft H8X aTHXx FopoAOBx c^orraiofl ao ohxi nopi FJiaBHot TBop- 
AHHOft H'bMei^RaFo HOFymeoTBa bx DaCHOit BofohIh, BTopot HrpaTB 
Taxyx) se pon bx oiBepnoft MopaBin. 

BjtaFOAapfl 8thmi» no&kjijBkWb vh BorexiH h MopaBiH, HxaAo^emoRit 
Riy(h> Bi napiaHeHTi hoith yABOHiroH. IIpeacAe lUMO^exoBx 6hio 
36, xenepB hxx 6yAen 61. HemORHX'B ooipajirb-AeHORpaTOBi BH6paH0 
mecTB, H8X HExx OAHHB HstfpaHi FoiooaHH nojOiORHxx pa6onxx H 

RpeOTBHHX BX BOOTOaofi GHIOdlH* HpH^ieMX OHB nOtS^AHJI'B HOlBOSaFO 

RjiepHEaia Il^tHi^y. 

Hto RacaoToa idshuxx oiaBSHx, to ^ieojio htb wb hobomx nap^ 
nneHTb ho oco6eHHO yBejEHUTCH no opaBHOHin co oTapiors. Hasp., 
citoBHEii[eBi Rasi 6hjo, TaitB H oorajooB 16. Oni npio6piiH ABa ho- 
BHxi noRHOHo^iff, HO sa TO norepfljiH Asa npemHHxi. OGo6eHH0 ^b^ 
ctBHTenHa ji^ cxoBHHi^eBi HorepH HorpifioxaFO hoihomo^. He ovo- 

TpH Ha TO, ^TO Bl EOTplH HTaJ[BHH]^I npeACTaBJUOOTB MeHBBIHHOTBO 

HacexeHiff, HCTpificRHMi noxHOHO^Mi BaBxaAiJFB HTaiBHHCRiS npo*^ 
FpeooHOTB (HppeAeHTHcn). 



H81 ABCTPm. 93 

^ejio xopBaroFb 7Bejni?iuo6& Ha 4 (lenepB nvb 11), cep6oBi Ha 1. 

Bib npe^iiHXTiKeiii napxaHOHri 6uio Boero TpnHaj^i^aTB HTasBHH* 
i^oBi, lenepB xe xn xeBHTHaAQaxB. HTajiBflHOsie HporpeocHciu, jlo- 
TopHe AO OHXi nopi He npHHHiiau HHxaKoro jqacriH b% Bu6opax'B, 
npio6pin hats xenyraTCRBrB noiHOMo^ifi: oaho h3i nflTOft KjpiH, 
TpH Bi ropoAOEofi H OAHO wb KyplH ToproBonpoHumjeHHHX'B na- 

MTb. 

HesHavTejBHo jBeinujiocB h KOJHieoTBO pymiH'B, BOTopiie, hosat 
nporam, BufipajiH oAHoro OBoero npeAcraBHTeis wb 6yKOBHfiOKofi 
HHTOA KypiH. 

TftRmrB ofipasovB, Bcb ho HiKOipda HapoAHocTH ABcrpin Boonon- 
BOBaiaeB HS^HpaTenHoft pe^pnoi rp. Bi^enn h eiyirbjra ycHiHTB 
CBOH no8Hii(iH Bi B^HCKoiTL napiaHOHTb. Hbojo HtHiteBi Bi pefixo- 
Tari OTHocHTejiBHO jMeHbniHiocB, rsaBHiiirB o6pa30HT> 6iaroAapfl no^ 
paseHkifB BX Hexia h MopaBiH. Ooo6eHHO ^yBCTBBTeiBHoe nopaase- 
Hie HOTepntvH HiMei^Kie jiH6epani, aoiopHe norepHJiH 28 AeHyiaT- 

CKIXl nOJHOMO^i H H8% OAHOfi BBl OaMHXl BliflTeiBHHX'B Haptift 

crau rpyunofi ho^th 6wh BOflRaro BiiHHifl. 

npoii[eccx BHyrpeHHflro pasjEoseHifl e nonaro CaHBporcTBa H^Mei;- 
sott JuaOepaiBHoi napriH HBiaeTCH oahhmi» hb'b obmhx'b xapasTep- 
HHxi flBiemft noiflisraeoKofi shbhh AbctpIh. Uojiib AaBiemeKB oi 
OAHofl CTopoHH soHoepBaxHBHO-uepHKaibmix'B, ci APyrofi paAHsajiB- 
hhx'b BJieHeHTOBi, HiMeipuui rafiepaiBHaa napriH OTOABHraeTOfl na 
aaAHii njiaKB, a KoerAi h ooBepmenHO BiirioHfleTOH. noAoOHiifi npo- 
i^eooi saxiqaeTCH^ BnpoHexi*, He toibko bi rbrb irpoBHHi^tflX'B, vflit 
AO cHXi nopi rocnoACTBOBajia Hixeipraa jiH^epajibHafl napTin. To se 

CaHOe, TOilBKO Clb KteOTOpUMH BBAOHSMiHeHiflHH, 06y0JI[0B2HBaeH£IHH 

HtoTHHiiH OTHomemflHH, Mil BaHtqaexib h b'b TajiHi^H, h b'b Hexin. 

J[H6epaiBHafl napriH, flBJumn^aHGH npeACTaBHreiBBHi^efi HHiepe- 
OQRB dypsyaaiH^ 6£U[a ao neAaBHaro BpexeHH Bxicri oi rivb h npeA- 
craBHTaiLHHi^efi HOTHnnaro XBOepaiHSMa. BypsyasHufi iH6epaiH3Hi 
wh ABOTpiH 6wL% Bxe^enie HSBicTHaro BpexeHH HOCHreieM'B HAefi npo- 
rpecca h Bei-B 6opB0y oi peani^ieH) en^e TorAa, KorAa opeAOTBOHi* 
6ofh6u fimia peBOJOoipfl. Ho jiHfiepajiHSMi 6i AsorpiH to^ho TaR'B xe, 
xaK'B H vb APjTHxi sanaAHo-eBponeScKaxi cTpaaaxi, (TBHrparB cbod 
poiB. Ti nojioaKHTejiiitHHfl n nporpeccHBHHfl baoh, EoropuH owb Ban^n- 
majKi npeai^e, cTan A00T0flHieM<B ApyrHX'B, fiojrte KpafiHHXT» Te^emft. 
JiHfiepajQi Ha^aiH o^ohb 6ucTpo tepaTB ctopohhhkob'b h bh^ctI oi> 
riwb nepeABflratBCfl nanpaBO. IIojiBTH^eocifl nopasoHia^ botophh ohh 
TopniiH Bi» nocjiftAHee BpexH, osoH^EBmiHCfl ho^th hojihiivb bht^- 
CHOBien etb hsi tIx'b nosfli^ifi, BoropHa ohh saHHuasH Bre^enie 
XHoiHxi xbn^ bhsbbjui cpeAH ji[H6epaj[BH0ft HHTejurareHKiH nonHTKy 
BOBpoAHTB H HCTHHHiitt jnL6epaiH8Hi vb evo nporpeccHBHO ft $opMi 
TaEHM^B nyreiiib BosHHBJia bi Blai rpynna t. h. coii;ian-nojiHTHKOB%. 
dia HOAOAaa napiifl, bo rjiaBi noropoft ctohtb: npo$. EBrenift $h- 
MHOBHTO, iipo$. Tpyfiepi, dr. 0$$flepL, AMJTarb KpoHaBerrepi, 



94 P7CCK0E BOrATCTBO. 

Otto BflTieiBcxo^eirB, ognch sn cope;|[aEiopoffB o^bhb paonpocipa- 
HeHHaro sypEajia tDie Zeit» h aP-9 BUCTjiiHia Ha nonrs^ecByi) 
apeHj jio]p> sHaneHeiTb tiopBfiii oib KiepnansHoirB h BOiiBaro poAa 
peaE^iefi bo sua nmpoEofi ooipaiBHoft pe<t>op]in. Ctoji aa Bceofimee, 
HenocpeACTBeHHoe, paBHoe h railHoe HadspaTeiBHoe npaBo, sa no^ai- 
HjD pe^opHj vh jsjjA nporpeccHBHaro flOffoxoAHaro Haiora, ooI^aIl»- 
nojHTHKB AynaiH o6iobht& ynaBmift aBCTpitosilt ndeparaaiTL h, ohh-- 
paacB Ha HHTeuHreHqiD, Bos/cUcTBOBaTB Ha ntn^aHCTBO, npeHHjH^e- 
cTBeHHO HejiKoe. Co^iaJrB-^olHTHKH npnHfliH yvacTie vb H86HpaTeiB« 
H0& 6opi>6i H, noAAepsHBaa vb naTOit sypiH KaHABAaTOBi pa6o^eft 
napxiH, BucraBEJOi cbghxi co6oTBeHHHxi BaHAHAaTOBi. vb iperBefti 
ropoAcsoA. OAHaso, Heusa cKasaTB, hto6h hxi nepBHft Ad6DTB 6hxb 
jflfimwb. Hsi C6MH KaHAHAaxoB'B coi^an-noaTHBOB'L &*& HapxaHOHTb 
npoHHKHyrb jAajiooB eABa jamb oahomj, a^ b to TaKOMy, KOToparo 
noAAepsHBam h n6epaAH, h Boofime bc£ nporpecoHBHHe uteMeHTii 
AaHHaro OKpjra. BnpoHeirB, eAHHOTseHHiit AGnyraT&v >36paHHufl vb 
Ka^eoTBi coqiaix-nojiHTHfia, dr. KpoHaBeTrepi, yse h npevAo 6jiarb 
qieHOHi napianeHTa, fa^ ohx nocjii IlepHepoTop^epa 6hii» caMUirB 
nporpeccHBHiiHi AenyraTOM'B. 

noBHAHHOHy, napTiH G0^iaJlI»-^0JlHTHK0Bl He cyaweno nrparb bh- 
Aanmeftofl pon vb noiHTH^eoRofi sebhh AbotpIh, MOJiOAafl HnreuH- 
roHi^a Bi JLEis/b jijmnBTb cbohxi DpeAcraBHTexeft haoti ropasAo 
AaiBme HaiiBo, niuT> co^iaJ^>-^OJ^lTHBH, a MimaHCTBO, he Roropoe 
ooi^iaJn-nojEHTHKH CHiLHO padc^HTUBajTH, BOBce H6 npoaBJULOTL seia- 

Hifl HXl nOA9ep2KHBaTB. 

ELo wkpk Toro, KaEi jiH6epajrH8VB b'b ABOTpin BHTicHflOTCH hbi 
saHHHaeHux'B EWb Ao cHXi HOP'S ^08H^ifi, uepHsajiHSMi Bee Bume 
H BHme HOAHHMaerB rojioBy. Mkc nooBflTHjH aBcrpitosony RxepHRa- 
jiHSMy cnei^iajBHoe hhclmo *) h noaroHy ho 6yAeM% sa^ol o nevL 

rOBOpHTB nOAP06HO. I^OCTaTO^HO TOJIBRO ORasaTB, HTO UCIO JieUHXt 

RjiepHRaiiOBii 3% aBCTpiicROM'B napJiaMeHTi ho^th yABomtooB. Ilpn 
nocjiiAHHXi Bu6opax'B ohh saBJiaAlJiH bc^hh AeiiyraTCRHMH nojraoMO- 
^BHH HflTofi RypiH Tzpojifl, 3aji[Bi^6ypra, $opapj[B6epra, coxpaHHB'B 
npH STOH'B H npesHifl nosHi^iE ocTaiBHUx'B Rypift. 

AHTBCeMHTU, ROTOpHO HpiofiptJIH 18 HOBHXl IflCTB H 6yAyrB HpeA* 

oraBJiflTB B'B napjiaiieHTi chjebhbiS Rji[y6i hsi 28 hibhob^b, neooMHi^HHo 

CTaHyTB CODSHBRaHH RJepBRBJIOB'B H HOAAOpXaTB nJl> peaRipOHHBEH 

Tpe6oBaHifl oxHocHieiiBHo hiroabhoS pe^opMH h ApyrnrB noAotiHHX'B 

BOnpOCOBT*. 

Boo6ii^e, B'B HOBOM-B oapjiaMeHTi Ay^^B peaRniiH h RjrepHRaiHSiia 
eyAOTB npeoOiaAaxB. KyqRa hothhho nporpeccHBHHX'B A^nyTaTOBi 
6yAeT'B o^OHB ho BSJiHRa, a ea a^i^bibhoctb na Raa^OM'B mary 

BCTptTHirB OTHOpX CO OTOpOHK OOMRHyTBIX'B pHAOBl peaRltlOHHHX'B 

HapTin. il. BacMJieBCKiii. 



*) Cu. H0fl6pBCKyH) EHHsay '<P« E.> 1896 r. 



HS'B ABVllU. 95 



HsTb AhtjiIh. 

I. 

AHFiiicsafl noJiiTH^ecKaii ne^aTb, npea^d ^iirb AOciHrJia Toro He- 
BaBHCHMaro nojoaEeHifl, Koiopoe OHa aaHHMaeTB TenepB, npomia jspuvii 
H TepHHCTHfi nyxB; oypoBna HaKasasifl oxHAaiH rbTb asropoBi, 

SOTOpue OCM&IHBaJIBOB RpHTH^eOKH OTHOOHTBCfl Kb TOHJ HJTH /CpjFOMy 

ABiesiD. SanpflHipaMH xo/^HTbHexaieKO, b'b1540 r. Aheoh'b Cxaficib 
H PotiepTB na^oH^ 6usE npHcys^eHii Ki OTci^eHiD pysT» aa nan- 
^en npoTBBi EflHSaBeTU. B'b 1630 r. AjieKcaHApi JlefiTOHi, orei^i 
apxieiiHCKona, 6zu'b BUCTaKieHi y noaopHaro 0T0ji6a h saT&x'B 
cb^ewb sa to, ^to Hamoan c a fanatical and rude libel oa the queen 
and bishops^,— TaKi roBopjnrB eoBpeiieHHBKii (^aHaTH^ecsift h rpy6Htt 
nacsBEn Ha KopoieBy h enzcsonoB'B). ^enipe ro^a onycra, cMiiKft 
i)6jni^imQjLb AyxoBOHCTBa Bhuehicb npefini ihvrb oojmjifiWb SB'teAHofi 
naiaxoS, sasi <oxH8MaTH&i h ueBerEHKii^. GyA'B npnroBopHJi'b 
BHse^ OHy Ha oGiHX'B ntesax'B RaieHinrb sejr&soMi 6yKBu <S. L.» 
(Schismatical Lib^U^f) ^ saTO^HTb ero Bi TDpsHy na bcx) bchshb. 
HecqacTHHfi nameji'B eme chiu fffla. sajiaMfiypa h oxasaji'L, ^to6u eiiy 
BHCTaBHJii! Ha mjdJsA Stigmate Laudes, ne^aTB apxienHCKona JIayAa. 
3a 8T0 npefiHy OTptoajH en^e h yxo. 

^ofipHft aBTOpi «Po6HH80Ha Kpy8e» tvuFb HeyorpaniHMult syp- 
HaAHUt 6oei](i&. 3a nan^jieTB npoTHFb KopojKfl owb 6hui> BucTaBieHi 
y no3opHaro cT0Ji6a h saTiM'L nocaseHi vh TDpBMy, r/^ oht* Ha- 
HHeaxB cBon noBHy <Hynm to the Pillory» (rHMVB ei^ noaopHOMy 
CTOJifiy), KOTopafl Aoxroe Bpeiifl oiysHia, CBOero po^a, CoeBHiTL Jto- 
ayHroiTB jsjui aHTJiiaosHX'B sypHajiHCTOBi. B'B AymHofi RaMepi HBDroT- 
CROtt TDpBHU Jifiiffo H CTajTB Ha^aBaTB CBOU raaery The Beview, ro- 
Topafl, AXE oBoero apeHeHE, 6ujD[a RpynHiiHi ofinteoTBeHHUH'B aBJieHieirB. 

<IlHCBMa CyR0HnpRa»f O ROTOPHX'B HHSO, 6uJIH ROH^HCROBaHU, HX'B 

aBTop'B He HHHOBaji'B 6h noaopnaro 0T0JK6a, eoinSH 6si'b otrpbitb. 
B'B seiaBiH npecjrbAOBaTB HeaaBioHMoe ojobo He^ocTaTRa ho 6kio. 
noaopHsfl 0T0Ji6i jifiA sypH&SHCTOBi BoaABnrajicH ^ase npz raHHOBep- 
ORofi AHHacriH. IlaM^ieTSf h sypHajni ROH^soROBajiHCB n csHraiHCB 
pyRofi naia^a; ho h3i nenia, RaR'B ^eHHRcrB, BoaHHRJia CBo6oAHafl 
npecca. Ecih npoTHBi acypHajiHCTOBi* 6iua CHJia, to aa hhx'b — o6ii^e- 
CTBOHHoe HHiHie. Tixi, Roro RxeflHHiH, RaRi npecTynHHROBi, ofin^e- 
OTBOHHoe MfffcHie, Vb BBfljb nporecra, HSOHpajio ajiBAepMaEajiH, meps- 
$aifH HJiH se qjieHaMH napjuaMeHra. Oaho BpeMfl ofin^eoTBeHHoe HHt- 
Hie nepecrajio noAAGpsHBaTB hctotb. 8to 6£uo Tor^a, Ror^a sypna- 
JHOTU noTepflJiH TfBOTBO canoyBaseHiH, Rorxa raaeru nanojiHHncB 



96 PyCCBOE BOrATCTBO. 

HHSKoA E rpy6ot jieoTBi), Kor^a jx^barea neqaiH, Bidcro Toro, ttoOk 
o6'£ep[HBT&cfl, ocHnajiH jqpjvb jspjvh rpjCum pyraTOJiBOTBaMH; Korxa 
taojDieifEKai AOOTirjia r^Tb pasirfcpoBi, saRi mosay «EataiiBwill Ga- 
zette» H €£atanswill Independent^, jsfijua, raaeTauH, onHoaHHUMH 
fifiSMEcowb vh <IIhkkbhmx'b>. SaTbiTb xHuafl noieiiHEa HsrOHfletoa 
ooBepmsHHo. PaioHi KpHrnqeoKaro HSCjrbAOBaHk neqaiE craHOBHTOfl 
KpafiHe mHpoKirin>. H, saxi^aTeiBHoe jsjkJLO^ nporpecoEBHo cb diEirb 

paCT6TB TOTB CnOSOfiBUft, KOppeKTEEli TQSl, EOTOpUMl OTUHaDTCE 

TenepB Bci 6QXBmifl aEriiftcsiE raseiH. 

IlepioduHecKCM noxETfl^ecKafl neiaTB EapOAEiaoB Vb AErjiiE, opa- 
BEBTejiBfio, nosse. IlepBafl npaBEnsaa rasera, bi tovb oEHort, Rasi^ 
npEEETO sasHBaTB TenepB, noaBEitacB nniB 1665 r. (The Oxford 
Gazette), xote ropasAo paEBme, se nepiOAE^ecKE, noEBAuniCB KypaBTu, 
ooAepasaBmiE TeKyn^iE sobocte. IlepsBia noiETE^ecsiE rasern: The 
Postboy, The DaUy Gourant^ Flying Post, noEBEBmiflCE Vh DiapcTBO- 
Basle KopojueBU Aehh, 62Ue sacTOJn»Ko uaio pacnpoorpasesH, vro 
n76j[fln;EOTu, ^nrodu BuoKasaTBOE, npE6traj[E e^b oTapoft ^piri^ nax- 
^Jieia. Co6eniesEO roBopE, naM^ien, aro — nepBaa noJiETE^eoEaE 
asrjriflcKafl raBeia. Abtopk naM^iexoB'B Eeo6iiSEOBeEflO ^71x0 ordEt- 
BanoB Ea sasATD 8J1067 ahe. naK^jern paoxoAEEECB Ae<^aTBaEH 

TEZOflVB, E SilEOTOpHe flSB SETB EEEOOEEE BCeCTOSift JAapi npaBE- 

TeiBCTBeEEoS napriE. 

BpEA'B-EE Mosso jsasaTB sa MEOFo nax^ieTOBi, soTopue Eamj- 
MiJiE 6h xaKi E EMixE 6h TaKoe orpoHEoe BJOEEie, KaBi Drapier's 
Letters (IlEOBKa CyKOEEVtsa) CBE^ia. IIpoECxoawesie exb tesobo. 
Bi) MpiaEAiE qyBCTBOBajraoB Eeo6xoAEEocTB bi Mejaofi itIaboS ho- 
Eert. Bi 1720 r. fioraiiift seMieBJiiMri^ei^ BEiJnuurB ByAi» ^epes'B 
repi^oFEED KeEAaiB, n)6oBEEi^ KopoAE,* nojqnrajTB npEBueriD Ea 
lesaEKy ^apTEEroBi e noxneEE ee cyEEy bi 100 thcetb $yETOBi cr. 
ByAi croBopEJioE ci KeEAajiB taKi. MoEery owh oraEerB ^eREEETB 
BE 40% EEse efl otoekocte, a QapmnE oee pasA'bxflTi nonoiaiTB. 
Hysso cKasaTB, fro e Oeai Toro ByAa seEEBEAiuiE bi HpiasAiE, 
noTOHy ETO osi Kpyro e rpy6o AaBaiB EyBCTBOBaTB EaeeieEiio oBoe 
npaBO 6oraTaro seHieBJiaA'bJiBi^a. Bx EaceiefliE Ea^axocB rjtyxoe 6po- 
seEie. BfiiiE EeAOBoiBEH liirb, tto KopoxB oTAaJTB npEBEierix) eo 
EpiEEAi^, TiEi, vro MOEeiy ^esEEEJiE B'B AsTEiE^se roBopE yace icaio* 

I^'&EEOCTE EOBSXl EOineEE, KOTOpEE OUAE OTRpHTa BnOCltAOTBIE. 

BtpoETso, ofin^ecTBeEEoe EeyAOBOiBoiBie 6hctpo yjierEooB 6H| ecjni 
6uEa oi^eEyEeflBEJtcE Mory^ naM^JieTEcrB. ByAOBu nojmesH noe^y- 
xEjm GBE^iy noBOAOM'B sanpaBETB cboe yAapu ^a npasETejiBCTBO. 
Oaebtb aa APyrairB noEBSjiHCB naM^jierH, osarEaBEeEEHe tllflOBEaiiE 
CyKOEn^[Ka». Oee 6waL o6panieEU e b% ToproBEOfB hdaevb, coAep- 
SETeiEBTL JiaBOK^, ^pMepaHi H, BOo6n^e, vh AepeBesoKOHy jsjK)A7 ^^" 
pojioBCTBa HpjiaEAiH '*') «fl3EiKi» BTEXii nav$jieTOB% EaAOETO noexj- 

*) „To the tradesmen, sbopkeepen, farmers, and coantrj-people in gene* 
ral, of the Kingdom of Ireland^. 



HSt AHTJriH. 97 

SHJTL o6pa3ii;oHii Am Bci^xi coTpyAHHKOBi lapoAHHX'B raseii bi 
CoeAHHeHHoiTB RopoieBCTBi. Aa Bpfl^^ ah ohh h lenepB bqojiih']^ ^yasAU 
noApasamfl. 

«BpaTipi, APysBfl, seMJuiKH H TOBapHH^H, — nncajii <oyKOHiii;HK'B», 
OTB HKeHH BOToparo o6pamaioa Cbh^tb.— To, "vso fl co6HpaH)CB cKa- 
saxB BaiTb, 6jni3EO Kaoaercii sacrB, Bamero cnaoeHifl, Bamero utSa 
Hacynpiaro, hshbhb Banraxi AbxeA Boeqijio saBEonrB otb aroro. Bi> 
cHJty aroro a aauHHan BacB, KaKi xiojsfi% KaE'b xpncTiairb, Kas'i' 
OTmoB'B H KaR'B naTpioTOBi>, npo^ecTB 8Ty craTbH) 61 6o;iiBmHirB bhh- 
HaHieinb. Eoie se bh HerpaHoiHH, npooHTe Apyrnxib npo^ecTB... 
BsaHaii a BaiTB pascsasy ^retb, a noToirB yse H^y^y, saRi Bani 
diAjen nocTynBTb... HiRifi ByAx Aooran EopojieBCKii naTOHTL Ha ^e- 
EaHsy Ha 108 thch^i ^yHToni uijifOATb HonerL. BoJiBinaa ne^aTB 
ero BOJUHHecTBa othdab ne odflsuBaen sacB npHEEMaTB sth ^apTHirH 
E nojineHH... Bh aoishh snaTB, ^lo bi AHram MiAHaa HOHOTa otohtb 
noiTH otojibkOy osojibko BicHTi. EojiE BM iipoAaABTe uiAHHsy HaBioi 
Mosery, to bu noTepaeTe Bcero junnb okojko noHca sa mnjuHHrB. Ho 
ByA'B cocrpflnaJTB cbox) MOHory es'b TaKoro vajioi^iEEaro KaTepiaia e 
cA^iajTB ee EacxoiBKo seme aHrJdficEHX'B neHOOBi, ^to sa mEJUUErb 

HOBUXl ^apTEErOBl E nOlEeEE HiffEEK'B H6 JlfiLCnTb BaiTL JSfiSBiQ fl Qefloa. 

TasEiTb o0pa8OirB, sa EeroAnyi) apae^ (trash), sa soTopyiD C7» Baci 

Tpe6yX)Tl> 108 TEIOflq'B ^JETOB'B, BABa-OABa HOSSO A&TB B006MB TU- 

can. Ho bto en^e e6 caMoe xyAmee. ByA'B hosotb TaftsoMX oT^eRasETb 
EOBUfl 108 Tucfl'Tb E, TaKEui o5pa30]n>, cBynETB Bce Bame Ao6po sa 
OAsy ABiflaAi^aTyio wctb ero A'^^flcTBErejcbEofi ctoemocte. 06'BflCHn 
BaiTL 8T0 npEHipomb. Ecjie mano^BEKi) xo^btl npoAaTB ADSEEy mjiflirb 
no EETE msjiiiEEroB'b E BOSBHST'L ynaaiy syAOBCKofi MOEoroi, to, BMicTO 3 
^yETOBi, OHi nojiy^ETB JiEEiL iiETB lEEJidiEsroBiY. JifijAe aBTop'B spoA- 
jiaraerii sanpamEsaTB yflBEBmExea cb hoboS moeotoS i^tsy b'b aocatb 
pas^ 6ojiBiiiy]D AbflCTBfliejiBHofi. tEejiE cKBafipi ssAyMaerb npiixaxB 
wb ropoAi} 9to6u RynsTB niaTBe hje BEEa, eih 6aRaie£), eie ^o6h 

npOBOCTE SAiOB BCK) BEMy, — TO nycTB OEl npEBeA6TI> CI CO6OE nETB 

s£E mecTb Eosefi, EarpyseEEiix'B hoboS HOEexofi, eciE oei xo^en* 
pacDJia?EBaTLCH es). A ecjin ero 6apuHfl nosajiyerb b'b BainyjiaBKy, 
TO iiyoTB BesyrL sa sefi i^yn Tejiiry, EarpyiReEByD ByAOBOKoft uo- 
Eerofi. HaA&iooB, bu craseTe npESHHaTb ee toibso no xoft i^ist, ko> 
TopyH) osa CTOETB... ^10 KacaoTOfl Eeflfl, to e yse p^mnjii, ?to a^- 
laTb. y MeEE xopoman jnaBEa cb EpjiasACEEU'L cyKHOMi e meiEou'B 
(EysEO noHEETB, ?T0 Cbe^ti roBopHTi> OTB EMeHE cyKosn^EKa). 
BMicTO Toro, qTo6£i npEHEMaTB cKBepsyK) ByAOBCRyio M-l^A^) E 6yAy 

HiEflTBOE TOBapaHE CB HOEEE COC:I^AEME — EfiOEHKOMli, 6yj|[0 iEEKOlTB E 

E nEBOBapoMTi. To Ee6ojiBnioe Eojm^ecTBo sojiOTa h cepe6pa, Eoxopoe 
ecTB y MeHE, a cTany xpaEHTB, KaKt st.HEi^y OEa, ao ay^miHX'L Bpe- 
MOEii EJiii se AO Moero cMopTEaro ^aca. TorAa a Bejoo EaEjoBTBBy- 
AOB0EBX7i AenerB, KaRx aaKynHJix mqh otoi^'b MtAEUxt A^Hert ro- 

M 4.^0TAtrt II. 7 



98 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

poju HsoBa *), npH^eiTb uaTsn so rsHei sa 10 ^jEXOVb. H na- 
A^DOB synnTB crojiBRoxe Ha iuotojib h saioproBaTB xjA6a, eciH toibr > 
HafiAJTCfl JiypaKH, sotopue BOBBHyrb y KeHfl HeroAHyn iiOH6Ty». Cy- 
KOHntHEi roBopHTB xaiBme, ^^to hobsa jifinhm itenco uosho 6yserb 
noAA^^aiB, Tas'b KaKi 8to aactb ^ajiBinHBOMOHeTUsairB OojiBinoft 
6apuiin>. — «H HiiKorAa h6 ROHwrB 6ii, ecra6u craiB nepemojunB 
Bci HanaciH, EOTOpmi BurepnEHB hh, eoxH npHHerB npoKiaTyx) mo- 
EeTy. HraKB, ApysBfl moh, j^epasHreoB Bci sa oahofo h OTKasHrecB 
npHSHMaTB vepaKyio apahb> (this filthy trash) ^). IlaH^Jien bu- 
3Bajrb HacTOfln^yn 6ypi). HairpaoHo npaBHTeiBCTBo o6i^iQajio orpoMHyiQ 
cyifMy TOMy, kto yEaserB aBTopa Hjn xe HSAaieu. Bi HpjuasAiH 
HXB ssajiH B&b, HO j^oHOCUR-B HO HaxoAHJiofl. IIpaBHTeAOTBo Tor^a 
HasHaqHXO cil;^OTBeHHyx) ROKMHCoiD, ROTopaa saiiBEJia, ?to By;iOBa 
MOHeTSk sojnioir&HHa e xopomaro Ea^eoTBa; ho «oyROHmiRy> BipHiH 
6ojiBDie, ^l&MB BcivB XHpeRTopaiTB EopojieBORaro HOHeisaro ABopa, 
jiSaTEmB BKioTi. Ha o^npaxBHUfi ot^otb cjni^cTBeHHol rohhccIh 
noGjiiAOBaio HOBoe tnECBMO cyROHii^HRa». cOaaoHOOTB Hamero pa3o 
penifl npH6jifl8HJiaoB en^e 6ojiBine, — roBopBTB aBTopi bo BiopoiTB naii- 
<f»j[ert. — 6t» cHJiy SToro, h Haxosy Heo6xoAHM£iirB bhobb npeAocrepeHb- 
BaGB>. Ha 8T0TB pasB <iipeAOOTepeseHU[> 6waL o^'liaHH bb ropasAO 
fioji'i^e pisROMB toh4^. HauaARH na npaBsreiBCTBO cj^ajiHOB ropasAO 
ciitjrbe. OtHooHTejEBHo HcniiTaHifl EOHeru, «cyROHii^HRB> nflcaiB, tto 

ByAB ilOOJiaJTB UmB HiCROIBRO XOpomEXB 06pa3I^0BB; EG 8T0 BOBCe 

HO AORasEiBaeTB, ^to Boi ere ^esBrfl xopomE. tDaoTyxi npEHOcBTB 
wsA npoAaTB OBixy e yBipaerB, ^o ocTaiBEafl cotee, ROTopafl na- 
oexoE Ha Jiyry, taRaa so sepebe e TOHROpyEflaE. PasBt a rapas- 

TSpOBaBl, ^TO OHB H6 EBAyOTB ]f6Ha?> — saAaoTB BOnpOCB OyEOE- 

Bb roei^rosii[Obb Boe saROS^ExooB no6'lAofi Csfl^Ta. HpaBH- 
T61B0TB0 BHEysAOBO 6hjio yEEqiosETB ROSTpaRTB E saniaTHTB By^y 
orpoiiEyB) EoycTOtRy (no 3 THca^m ^yETOBB bb toab bb bha^ nea- 
cIe). cHflSRODiiEEaai aoEeTa Guia nepenjtaB£6Ea. Si ooraHOBEJiGa 
HtCROJiiRO aa 8T0KB 8nH30Ai noTOMy, TTO osB AftOTB npeACTaBJEOHie 
TOMB, RaRB aErii£oRie ny6j[Ei](H0TH xpaRTOBaxE dROflOMS^ecRie bo- 
npocu, npEMiaaacB rb flapoASUMB uoHariaaB, a raRase noTOMy, tto 
Bxiaaie cnHcearb CyR0sn]giRa> mu ysEaeaB flicROJiBRo jt&tb cDycia 
BBOTatBEXB, noaBHBinExoa bb € North Briton>, bb nepsofi BxiflTeiBHoft 
aarjuiflcRoS noiETE^ecRofi raaexi nponuaro cTOJEiTia. OoHOBaTexeHB ea 
6HJn» AsoEB BaxbRocB (Wilkes), OAaa esb t£xb eiurexb, cipaoTEiiXB 
saiypB, ROTopuxB 6oJLhme Boero crpamETB oaho — 0E0RoficTBie.%o6u[ 



*) EopoaL Abobii, HysAaacB b'b A^Hbraz'B, vto6u saniiaTHTB sasoBaHie 
cojij^aTavB, npHG^rrb vb nocjffb^^HeHy cpe^cTBy, sa soTopoe ZBaraeTCfl rflGHyn^ee 
npaBHTejUiCTBo: uwb yueuhmm-b i^ibaaocTB mohotu. 

*♦) The Works of Jonathan Swift, vol. VI, p. p. 360—373. 
*♦*) The works of J. Swift, v. VI, p. 378. 



nVb AHTIIH. 99 

HH roBopuH BparH ero, Kasia 6iai oipEiiiaTejibiiHfl ^e^pm ohh he 
7Ka3iiBajiH B'B ero iH^Hoft shshh, ho HecoirHtaso, ^to Bhilkocb 610% 
^ecTHuft H ropa^o npeAasHiifi A'b^y 6op6in» aa HapoAaiia npaaa. jSi^ase 
TenepB, cnycra noiTopacTa sirb, bh cb jAHEJieHieirB uosere BoxpiTHTL 
wb aHTJiiiicsoft jiHTOpaTypi oo^HHeHifl, vb KOTop£ix'B aBTopu 8anaj[B^HB0 
H enb nojieiuiqecKHirB saxopoiTB roBopirrB jftaieii, aia KOToparo yse 
AaBHHMi-AftBHO HacTynEA'L <cyffi HQTopiH». BHiBsecrb poAHioa 17 
0STfl6pa 1727 r. Cwscb doraxiixi poAHTOJiefi, oe-l nojuy^En xopomee 
BocnHTaBie B'B JXefiAesoaoifB yHHBepcHTert. Tor^a lairB 6uj[a i^an 
KOJioEifl asrjBtifioEofi HOjiOAexE. CBoeofipasEoft xhshe ea moxso 
HaiTE Msoro EHTepeosaro y Kapjettia. Bo Bpeiui nyxemeoTBiS no 
ToiJiaH^E E no FepMaEiH Hoioj^oft ^exQBte'B HayqEJioa noEExaTB e 
2D6flTB HapOAi»* Tor;(a y Hero EBEJiaoB waexb nooBETETB ce6fl aan^rt 
EHxepecoBi ero. Bi 1748 r. Beibkocb BOsapaTEjicE na poAEsy, rA% 
BCKopb oomeicfl 01 RpysKoiTB BHJulaMa nBira. Owb CTaEOBETOfl 
o6nt6CTBeHHinrB A^&TejieM'B, uenoifB pasjiH^ranxi KOMMECoifi, noroiii 
nonaAaoTB bi napjiaHeHTB. Ob Te^oHievB liTB BEj[BRe(yB Bce 6orte h 
6o2'be HaqajTB paoxoAETBca bo BBrjiflAaxi orb IlETTOirB s vb 1767 r. ooeo- 
BUBaeTB CBOD oo6oTBeEsy]o rasery, noroMy tto cqEraen, tfo nyreMii 
ne^aTE mosso ropas^o fioiBnie oA^JiaTB, niwb nyreiTB napjianeETCEOfi 
AiflTejo^HocTH. dra rasexa h ecTB «North Briton», cocTaBEBnraa Ea- 
cTOflmyD sEoxy bi EcropiE aHriiftcBoft xypEaiHOTERH. Bb nepBHfi 
pasi A'i^flTeJiBEOCTB rocyAapoTBeEH£ix?B jiDAeit AHriiE noAaeprjiacB cy- 
poBoft KpETEE'l, npfl^eiTB A'^^TejiH EasKBaiHOB nojuniME EHenaifE. 
Pi3K0fi RpETERi EOABepriaoB A'i^xaiBHOGTB BoecfliBHaro rpa^a BBmra. 
€1 nepBaro ace HOHopa raseTa Bsajia seofinRHOBeEso BHOORift toei. 
€CBo6oAa Ee^aTE — EpEposAOHEoe npaBO Bcaaaro 6paTaEi^a e, no 
oEpaBeAUBocTE, ouTaeTCfl EaAesHifinuiM'B oejiotomi sedaBECEVOCTE 
HameS CTpaE£i>,— EEcaiii Bhibrocbbo BCTynHTeJiBHot oraTBt. — tHe- 
saBEQEMaa npecca 6ujD[a BoerAa rposofi hjlr Bcibrb AypHuxi heee- 
crpoBi, e6o ex'b TouEue ejie me onaoEHe BaMiiciu, wn exaSooTB, 
Hecnoco6EocTB, ABoficTBeHHOOTB HaxoAEJiH cypoBaro oyABi» *). Cui- 
locTB rasoTU nopasEJia BoirB. Osa He 6ofljia6B RacaTBOH aaxo TaREXi 
E^eROTiEBuxii TOMi, RaR'B BjdEEie jiopAa EBDTa Ea MaTB Ropora re- 
opra m. no noEfOAy norjuomeEiE Anriieft IIIoTjraHAiE e HpjiaHAiE 
{vb rep6i ROTopuxi, MesAy npo^EiTB, saxoAETCfl peneNflflE'B) Bejib- 
Reel nEcajii: «HaAEflxx cROE^aiofl noHTOHEHfi, qeoTHuft fl npEMO- 
AyniEui ASOETiBMeH'B u-pi ^soei* ByjiB. Ohi noAaBEJCE rojoo^roA, 
ROTopyi) ovb B'B BEAi yRpameaifl noM'bcTEJTB Ha cBoeiTB caia'rt. ^o 
dioro EJtaqeBEaro cofiuTia ^soe-b ByiB noiBSoaajica OTM^EEBiirB 3ao- 
poBBeMx>. SldUKb BEXBKeoa 6hji'b noA^aci rpy6i, ho BcerAa CEiesi 
H BseprE^eEi; caTflpE^ecRifl se cxptra peAaaxopa BoerAa npaHo 
nons^aiE vb i^ab. Botb npEirbpi. BHmejrB tCjioBapB^ a*PA J(soh- 
oosa. Beibroctb nEmen. pemeEsiK). ^Mst RasccTca, EO^reHEuft aBTopi* 



*) Memoirs of the Reign of George III, vol. I, p. 171. 



100 PFGGKOB BOrATGTBO. 

MOPB 6U AOnOIHHTB OdlflCHeHie H^KOTOpiIX'B GIOBl. MbI EaiEJIH, Ha- 

npHuipi, ^TO ofixflOHenie /oiOBa cneEoifli He AOoraTo^EO nojnco. A 
Mes^y TtiTB y AOGTono^TeHHaro AOKTopa laRafl orpoMHaa 8pyAinrifl 
vb dTom oTHomemn! Mu e^jij^uok, ^nro bo btopoitb HSAaniH cCio- 
Bapfl2> yBaxaemift AOKTopi BEeoerL Hamy nonpaBRy, KoropyK) mu 
oMipeHHO npoAiaraeiTB: cneHciH, bto — jifiMhVE, rotophe BUAaDToa 
npoAasHuiTB KjmBm> saiisiiiHy poAEHi». Bi AaHHOifB cjryqa'i, y^api 
nonai'L npaMO bi oepAi^e A>>^oH0OHy. ?to6bi 6opoTBGa ci North Bri- 
ton'oiTB rpa^i Bbdtl ooHOBan cbok) co6GTBeHHyH) rasery; ho Bhjib- 
Reel y6Hjrb ee bo MHtniH nyfijiHRH. <Aaditor» (laKx HasuBaiofl syp- 
Han) npeRpaieicfl, h Bh^lroo'l HaoHcan eiiy dnHTa^in: 

Deep in this bog «The Auditors lies still; 

His labours finished, and worn out his quill, 

His fires extinguished, and his works unread, 

In peace he sleeps with the forgotten dead. 

Widi heath and sedge, oh, may his tomb be dressed, 

And his own turf lie light upon his breast *). 

(rjD[y6oRO Bi 8T0MI fiojoT* MHpHo no^Hj'L fCjiymaTeiBi. TpyAH 
ero noROH^BHii, a nepo HcnHcajiooB ooBcimi. Hiaiffl ero noTyxio, a 
nHcaHifl ocTaiHOb Henpo^nraHHUMH. Sa^cb owb thio oohtb chom'b 
sadBBHifl. IlycTB Mornjia ero sapooieTB sepecRoin h ocoRofi, a pfifEi> 
He ;^aBHT'B eiiy rpy^B). nonyjHpHocTB aypnaja yBeraqHBaiaoB; ho 
BMloTb CB HBD poojio ^MCJLO BpapoBB. OAHaRO, BCB mio 6iaronoiyqHO 
ji,o Ttei nopB> noRa BumerB 45-ft HOHepi, b'b eotopoitb noMin^eHa 
6EiJD[a HiaMeHHaH oraiBfl npoTHBi Bcikxi, cnoKymaDn^EXOH Ha HapoA- 
HUH npaBa». dnnrpa^oifB 6mj[h BH6paH£i oiOBa Q^Hi^epoHa: cOratio- 
nis atrox et vehemens, cui opponitur lenitatis at mansaetudinis>. 
A.BTop'B He no6ofli[Gfl BBiorynHTB A&se npoTHBi* orpeiueHiS Teopra ITT 

nOA^HHHTB Ce66 napiaHeHTB. BoTB SaRJED^HTeiBKUBL CrpORH 8T0ft 

cTaTBH: cAHFJrifioKitif RopoiB — iHmB nepBoe AOJSHOOTHoe ihi^o OBoefl 
cTpanu. SaROHi BBtpHJi B'B ero pyRH bgk) HcnoiRHTeiBHyi) Bxaors; 
KopojiB oTBtocTByerB nepoA'B ceoeft orpanoft, eoiH oh'b sjioyuoTpeSffTB 
dToS BiacTBH) HIE ooAH BEi6eperB HeAo6pocoB^Taaro HHSECipa. 
JlH^Huft xapaKTepi Hamero BOSjnofijeHHaro Eopoja HAeaiBHufi. Ma 
cqacTJiHBu GOSHaHieM'L, ?to napoAHaa BjacTB nepe;KaHa b'b xopomla 
pyEH; HO j[H)6Hifi(ii RopoiA BEi3Baj[H HpoTHBii ce6H cupaBeAiHBoe He- 
roAOBanie Bcefi crpaHH. IIpeporaTHBa RopoHH He cootohtii bi tomx, 
qTo6u o6jieEaTB BetpeHHoS eit BiaoTBio, pyKOBoj^flCB jihoib ojArqS 
cHMnaiieft. Bt. AaHHOM-B cjyqat pyROBOAHTeMMH ;^0JiaHBi 6htb My;^pocTB 
H FOoyAapcTBeHHoe 6iraro. TaKos'B jyx'B Haraett KOHOTHiyniH. Hapo;^^ 
Toace HirteTB cboh npeporaTHBu. SI naj^iiocB, qio CTHXt ^paftflena 
vjiiy6oKO saneqaiJiBTca y Bcixt: 

cFreedom is the English subject's Prerogatives. 



*) Fox Bourne^ cEnglish Newspapers*, v. 1, p. 162. 



H81> AHTJim. 101 

(CBo6oAa — npeporaTHBa aHrjiifioEaro nouaHHaro) *). Ha Apyroii 
j^eHB noojti Buxo^a Jt VLZjifiLWb dujn npHKaai apeoTOBaTB asTopa, h8- 
jifikieJUL H paonpocTpaHHTeiefl CTaiBH, Koxopaa aireoroBajaoL «riy- 

miSWb H BOBMyTHieJIBHUUX naCKBHieHl, OrpeMflB^HUOH BOOIUaMeHHTb 

JMU, OTAaiHTB ji]o6oBB Hapo^a orb ero BejiH^eoTBa h noAcrpeKHyrB 
£'B ESutsHH^eoEoiiy 6yHTy npoTHBi iipaBHTeJiiCTBa». (A most infa- 
moos and seditious libel, tending to inflame the minds and alienate 
the affections of the people from his majesty, and to exite them to 
traitorous insurrections against his government). ^soffB BHjaEecB 
jifikSTb BOSMOSHOOTB CBOOMy copoAaKTopy Hep^eJiK) 6i2BaTB, a caux 
BSAJTL Ha ce6fl bod OTBiTCTBeHHOCTB. Eio OTBOJUE vb Toydpi. TasoTy 
KOH^HCKOBajiH H 66 pimHjiH cso^ pyKofi najia^a npex^ BiojsflWb bi* 
napiaMeHTb; ho TOJina BHpBaia y najrana nyMepi, TopaKecTfiOHHo no- 
HBOia ero no BcoMy ropoAyi noTOMi pasBOJia cboh Kocrpn h cosrjia 
npHRas'L o&b apeorb BHiBseca h noprperii oy^efi. Hapo^y hhkto ho 

MOPB nOMimaTb. A ho HMJUO B03M0SH0CTH OOXaHOBHTBCfl 8;^0B Ha 

jno6oaBiTHofl HcroplH, BOSHHsmefi no noBOAy apeoTa BHjiLReca (ero 
jiH^HocTB, KaKi ^OHa napjiaMBHTa, tuns, HenpHsocHOBOHHa), Koroparo 
jsfljimEa ChULR 0CB060AHTB repeal hoa^d. Ona npoAoisaiacB nHoro 
jiiTB H £0H^JiaGB noiHUHB nopaasoHleirB BparoBi sypnauoTa. 06- 
niecTBeHHoe MHinie 6uso ao laROfl creneHH Boopyseno npoTHBB npo- 
fl3B0jn»HHXB apeoTOBB H npecAiAOBaHifl neqaiH nosopnuifB OTOji6o]rB 
H TBpBMoS, ^To npaBHTOJiBCTfio Cosbme EBsoFAa He pimaiocB nps- 
fiirnyTB fb TasHirb aneprH ^HHjrbMipairB, KaKB bb a^^^ BmiBKeca **). 
Ha CM'i^Hy npoKpaTHBuiarocfl cNorth Briton> hbhihob cJlHCBMa 
IOHiyca», h bb hexii e^e 602^ pisKO 6hj[h BUcraBJieHn li oohob- 
HUfl uoAoseHiH, ROTopufl oTOiaHBan BffliBRecB. TenepB bth cnflCBMa^ 
£j[acoHt[ecKa& KHHra, Koropan bb KOJieAsaxB HaoTOHieJiBHo peKOHen- 
Ayeioff BoonHTaHHHRaiiB. A RorAa-TO tEHCBiiai bb HSBioTHHXB RpyraxB 
cqnraiHOB Rpafine npoAocyAHTeuHHifB eo^HHeHieiiB, sa Roropoe ly?- 
meH HarpaAofi jijosxea 6utb iDpBHa, ecu ysB HeBosiiosHo oTci^e- 
Bie pyRH. €nHOB][a> oraiH noaBjrflTBca oi 1769 r. bb rasoTb PubUe 
Advertiser. ABTOpB (uoab noeBAOHBMOMB Khwych cKpiiBaica capB 

^HAHiinB $P8HCHCB) BHCTynHiTB ropfl^HMB Sam^HTHHEOMB T^XB npHH- 

i^HHOBB, ROTopne ooo6eHHO AopofH aHTJiiftcEOMy HapoAy: obo6oahuxb 
fis6opoBB, OBo6oAHoft upeccH H CBoSoAHaro cyAa. cYgia^aK) h 3a- 

KAHHaX) BaCB,— UHOaJlB K)HiyGB BB nepBOH'B nHCBMi, — He OCraBJIHTB 

6e8B pimHTeuHaro h ynopHaro conpornBieHui hh oahofo nocara- 
TOJiBCTBa Ha name rooyAapcTBOHHoe ycTpofioTBO, RaRB 6u oho hh Ra- 
sajiooB BaMB HesHaHHTOJiBHO. Oahhb npHiiipB npoH3BOAHTB APyroS; 
ohh Giicxpo HaKoniiaDTCfl h oraHOBaTOH saROHOUB. ^to s'lepa Sbiio 
4)aRT0HB, ceroAHH cxaHOBHTca AORTpHHod. ByAi^TO yBipoHii, ito sa- 
ROHBi, 3an^Hn^ax)n^ie nacB h namH rpasAancKia npasa, npoHCxoAarB 



*) Forster, Historical and Biographical Fssays, v. 11, p. 
♦*) Rae, « Wilkes, Sheridan, Fox», p. 317—18. 



102 P7GCS0B BOrATCTBO. 

mrb soHOTHTyQ;iH h o'B Hefi aoxshh nacTb ejih npoi^BiTaTB... HaoH- 
iiiBTe dTO FB OBoei jijmi; BHyniHTe cbohmi st^Tsan, hto OBo6oAa 
npeocu ecTb oajiotb Boixi rpasA&HCKHX'B, nojrBTH'<ieoREs'B h pejiHrio3- 
uuTb npaBii aHrjraqaHHHa, h ?to spaBO npEcasHaro oy^^a — BUCKa- 

3£lBaTB BO BCi>Tb BOSMOSHHX'B OJLJ^BATb ofin^ifi npHrOBOpi BHHt 

HJin HeBHHHocTH — ecTb oyn^eoTBeHHafl ^botb Bamero rooyAapcTBen- 
Haro ycTpofioTsa, EOTopaa h6 AOJnsHa 6£Itb orpaHHqEBaeHa oy;i;BflUH 
u noABepraeiia ooMHiHUo BaROHO^aTeiaHE. Biacxs Koponfl, nopjsfiwh 
H odnpHi BOBce ho ootb BJiaoTB iipoH3BOJn»Hafl. Ohh noBipesHue, a 
He C060TB6HHHSH rocyAapcTBa. Mh ^aeHi hitb bto noJtoseHie». Ilpn- 
BeAeHHaa BBi^epaKKa — ocHOBHaa khojib nnoewh,.. cAHrjufloKifl sapojui 
npej^aHi raHHOBepcKony flOMy ne noioMy, ^to ohi» npeAno^HTaerb ojult 
oeMBH) Apyroft, a noTOMy, ^to j&bxjifiwb, mo now^psKa wofi AHHa- 
cTiE Heo6zo;^EMa jim ofiedne^esifl noAETE^eoKott e pejiEriossoS 
cBo6o;tK» *). Korj^a TeoprB HI xot4ji'b noj^qEHBTB ce64 napjiaireHTb, 
K)Eiyci BHcrynEJTB cb HanoMEHaBieMTb oy;jB6H CTroapTOBi. «KopojiB, 
npoAOJfsaDEnift exi. (CTBaproBi) noJiETEsy, AOiseHi euItb nocTOEsso 
Bii BHAy Exi y^acTB... Owb jifisxewb eombetb, ^to to, ^to npiofip*]^- 
TaoTCfl OAEofi peBOJ[J0^iefi, uosotb 6iitb uoiepflEo bo BpeiiH aP7" 
roft» **). rpa<|>B BBDrt Hamej'B cypoBaro e cMiJiaro o6iEqETeM bb 
Jifli^ H)fliyoa. «?to6h cI^etb eMyiy e ^to6ei paspymETB o^tacTBe sa- 
poAa, OTHDAB se Tpe6yK)TGE KaKie jlu6o oco6ue lajiaHTu; Tpe6yeTca 
jiEmB BposABEEiafi syAi TBopBTB 810 (a natural itch for doing mi- 
schief). Mu 8T0 E BE^tjiE B^ To^esiE i^afo pflAA JrbrL». 

Bea'b cjia6aro 6ofti^a, EAyn^aro om^jio Ha CEABEaro e oipaniEaro 

npOTEBHEKa, BCCfAa B£ai3£IBaeTB CO^BCTBie Wh SpETOJUiX'B, B'B OCO66H- 

HOCTE, ROFAa nocjrbAHie sEaiOTB, 9to 6o&i;omi pysoBOAflrB se ie?h£i& 
MOTEBH, a sexaHie otctoetb etb se EHTepeoH. KaK'B ee cjiafia e 
6e3noMomsa dnia sa nepBuxi nopaxx npecoa fb AfirjiE, Rasi he 
CEJIBEU 6BIJIE efl BpaPE, so sa ea croposy 6]yGTpo oraia Mory^aa 
cEjia — o6n^ecTBeEsoe usisief e nepex'B eemi xpycjEBO AOJnsEu 6um 
OToryDBTB Bpars. 

TLocjA cIIfloejirB K)Eiyca», aobeboh'b asrjificKEXi raserB CTajio: 
<a free people must have a free press* (y eBo6offBaro BapoAa 
AOASsa 6UTB cBo6oAEafl ne^aiB). FeoprB m ao caHoft cHeprs oh- 
Tajicfl 6opoTBcfl (yb dTEMi npEHKEEOM'B. Owh HanoMEsan'B leJSEOBiEa, 
KOTopufi BdjsjMWb Ou nOTymsTB Koorep'B, saBaiEB'B sa sero orpoH- 
Hyn oxanKy ctsa. Ofosb, npasAa, CBpuBaeTCE sa MSByiy; so jceeib 
AJifl Toro, ^to6bi BcnHXEyTB hotoitb ci sobod e eu^e 6ojiBmeio oe- 
JOH). Ci> noflBJKesieH'B <IlEceM'B K)fliyoa> coBnaAaei'B sasEoe saBoe- 
BaHie, cA^JiaEsoe aBrjtiftcREUE rasexauE: ex'b penopTepairB yAaJiocB 
npoEERsyTB B'B EapiaMeETb. riaoEooTB CA&iajia yse a6cojuoTEO se- 

BOSMOSSUM^ npOESBOJI'B B'B BEA^ Taflsuxii flOCTaSOBJiesift HeaaROE- 



*) «Letters of Junius* 1* 35. 
*) lb. 



HS-B AHMIH. 103 

Eowh apeoii h t. ]s,. Bi rohi^ npomjiaro BiKa Hapo»AaK>TCfl t^ ko- 
jKOCcajiBHiifl raseTfii, ROTopsui BQocjrtAOTBte HaqraanTB pacxoAHTBOfl 

Vh OOTHflXl TUCHH'B BRSeMnJIflpOB'L. ^HTaTOJUIMl JSe HO^erO 60flTBC£[, 

^To raaoTU 6jffjTb coaoseHH pyRofi naia^; flo sa to HHorifl HSAaHifl 
yTpa^HBanrb HiROTopufl hsi lirb ^epTB, KOiopufl A'i^JiaiH ctojib 
cHMnaTH^HHMH HaioEBKie sypHajra HaqajoLa h cepeABHu XYm b. 
SI He Etfix) HaMipeHifl nnoaTB HOTopiio aspjiifioROfl nepiOAB'iecRod 
ne^aTfl, a xoTkni lasmh Ha6pocaTB ftfcrjoifl xapaETepneTHRH H3AaHifi, 
ROTupHfl AaJiH TOHi HapoAHUMi TaaeTaM'B, nocTaBHBmBK'B ce6i aa- 
Aa^eft 6uTb yqHTe^flMH AOVORpaTiH. JI c;i;tJiaH), noaTOMy, fioiBmoH 
cKa^esi n nepefisy npano ri Hacroan^eMy BpeiieHH. 

II. 

KoHeiHO, oauofi opHrHHajuBHofi h HandojiBie TaJcaHTJUfiOft nai 
Bcix'L aHTddlloRHX'B Hapoptux'B raaerB ABJUieTOH Clarion. Oaa noiiB- 
ayoToa orpoMHHMi» BjuaHieiti ofeji^z lixi qvraTejieft, sa KOTopnx'b 
oHa pac^HTaHa. FaaeTa bsxo^^ht'b no BocRpeceHBaHB; ho yse crb 
nflTBHi^u HHTaTejra Heiepn&iHBo BurJuijunBt^jOTb ee. Bi nponuoui 
roAy Ah;i[pbr) Pefi^^ii, co6Hpafl MaTepiaAu jsfia HcropiH aHrjiificRofi 
HapoAHon npeocu, pasocjiajTB i^Bpxyjiflpii, bb ROTopuxii oht* npocHJiE'L 
qHTaieJiefi pa6o^HX^ OTsiTHTB, RaRyx) raaexy ohh npeAno^HiaiDTB 
H no^eny HMeHHO. nojuyroxca pa;r^'RpaHHe opHrnHajtBHNXx otb:&- 
TOBi. Hai EBTb aBCTsyeiB, ?to vb JloTLji,owi opeAH Maocu SoxBme 
Bcero CHMnaiiefi noxBSyeToa Clarion. ^KAopiom HHi Heo6xoAHUT>, 

KaKX MOH Tpy6Ra», — HaHBHO OTB^^aeTB OAHH'B Hai nORXOHHHROBl . 

«JI MHoro jAtb dpoAHJiii BO ifpaR*]^ H He yMixi coaepmeHHO paao- 
6paTBca B'B aBJEeniax'B aKH8HH. Ho ci> lixi nopi, RaRi> a oiaai ib- 
TaTB KA9piom, moh rxaaa otrphjihcb» — oTstTOerB flpyrofl. <^KA9pi 
(w»— CTapHft Apynb, y Roioparo Birao HOBaa yxH6KaHary6axi>, — 
BupasaeTB CBofi BocxoprB Tperifi. Kaxoft to «AORepi>> RaieropB- 
HecRH aaaBJiaerB, ^o raaexu, Rasi KAspioHz^ HedHxo e ho 6yAorb. 

KaRl BHAHie, B'B BOOTOpSeHHUX'B OTaUBaXl ny6XHRH HOAOOTaTKa 

hItb. Hai Bctx-B HapoAHHXi anrjiificRHX'B raaerb, aacROJiBRO uvk 
H8BicTH0, KAopiom eAHHCTBeHHaa, ROTopaa HHierB ^HTaieiefi a no- 
RxoHHHROB'B Hd Bcpxaxi o6n](eoTBeHHoS xicTHH]^I. FaaeTa cpaBHH- 
TejiBHo Maxo SHxepecyeTca nojiHTHKOft. TxaBHaa aa^a^a ea — npocBt- 
THTB ^HTaxeia, AaxB eicy HOBsft, 6oxi6 mapoRia Rpyroaopi, Hay^HTb 
ero npaBHJiBHo noaaxaTB a paafiapaTBca B'B aBie&iax'B saaaa. Oaa 
rOBOpaTB OBOBMii ^araTeJiaMi o aaAa?axi> A^HORpaTia, o 6yAynp[ooTa 
ea a T. A. Maaepa aaxoseHla— Rpaftee cfioeo6paaHa. KAapiouz aBHA- 
eToa saROHHUMB noTOMROifB naM^xexoBi XVHI atRa. KaRi a axa 
naa^xeTH, Sjiapiom oxotbo npaCiraeTi ri uory^euy opysiio, roto- 
fuwh BiaAierB npeEpacao — capxaaiiy. TaaoTa npaaanaeT'B bo aaa- 
Maaie a A^^efi obobxti ^aTaTOxeft. fii aasAoiTB aouept noirbmaeToa 
pa3CRa3T> A^ aaxx. H ara Msy eHBRia npoaaaeAeaia noxoacHTexBao me- 



104 P7CCR0E BOrATCTBO. 

ABBpuA^TOKoft iHTepaTypii: TaRoe ropa^ee, joofian^ee oepwe bh^ho vl 
HEXik, TaROfl xyAosecTBOHHHft TajiaHTi, TaRoe noHHHaHie OBoero MajiesB- 
Raro TOxaiejifl, ^o otb 8thx'b pascRasoBi ho oTopBemscH. Bi Raa^oin» 
HOMepi norkimeTOfl h neAarorE^ecRaa ciaTefiRa no^ii o6ii(efi py6pH- 
Rofl iParents and Educations. Bi hexi <AORepairB», uaTpocaMi s 
np. AORasuBaeicfl, RaRi speAHa po3ra vb cEOTeni BOcnEiaHifl, RaEas 
orpouflaa HpaBCTBesHafl OTffbTCTBeHHOCTB nesanrh Ha njie^axi poAE- 
T62et. Ho raseia HBRorAa He BnaAaerb bx cyxofl AORxpHHepcRit 
TOHT.. «The CU»rion men do not preach to their readers, they sing 
to them» (ooipyAHHRE KAapioua fie ^ETam'B nponoBiA^fi CBOEirb 
UTaieJuaifB, ho noDTb), — ^ErypaiBHO BupasHJicfl oaehiesi horioh- 
HHROBiy'paSoux'b. PoAaRi^ rasoTu aBiaerofl TbcHo oiuto^eEHUirE, 
saiciqaTeiiitHo cniBmEMca oodsoitb ^erupex'b ooTpyAHEKOB'B: AByxi 
6paTBeBx BiaTi^opAOBi, esi* RoiopHX'b oaehi nEmerii noAi» uoe bao- 
HEMOM'L Nunquam, a apF^^ — MoHdJOHra, sarbHX A. M. ToMCona 
E P. $ea. KaRx e 6paTBa Bjibt^^opab, ociajibHue Asa ooTpyAHERa 
piABO BHGTaBJuuoTB OBOE HMOHa; TopasAO 6oj[ie nonyjrapHH isxh ncsB- 
;(Phhmh: Dangle h Bounder. 

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6eprb. IIpeABHaMH RpafiHecBoeo6pa8HHft TEU'B.PoAETeJiH ero 6hj[et1m'b, 
^TFO vh Ahfjuh HasMBaeTca strollers, t. e. cTpaHCTByDn^HME aRrepaHH. 
Bi» npomndHi nHCBMi a roBopEJi o hhxit, RorAa yioMHHajii o le- 
aipi HEn^Hxi* Bi> yaliTieneJii. 'MajHiURi BHa^ajri^ nooimaix HapoA- 
HyD mROJiy, ho bi OAEHHaAi^aTb Arh Buwjxjiewh 6uR'b yse cBOEirb 
TpyAOM'b coAopxaTb ce6a. Owb nocTynaerL na any^Ry r'l n^eTO^iHERy, 
nOToiTB Ha cyROHHyK) $a6pHRy, sarbirB loi BEAEicb Bxan^opAa CTpas- 
cTByDn^HM'L aRiepoMi, a bi ABaAii;aTb nivb owb nonaAaen na yiEi^y, 
6e8T» RBaprnpsi, fiesi fianmaROBx, 663'b pa5oT£i. Bo Bpena cTpaHOTB> 
BaHill no Tpyn^o6aM'L JIoH^oHa, mojeoaoS ^eiOBiRi npio6pijrB to orpon- 
Hoe sHanie napoAa, ROTopum owb nopasaei'b. Hsi 8thxi se orpan- 
cTBOBanift Bjiar^^opA'B bmhocb tojomoA sanaci napoAHiixx ocrporb 
h myro^eRx^ rotopumh juotmrb HHorAa lenepB npHnpaBHTB oboe 
craTBH, ^Mi» BBisHBaeTB He Maiuft Booroprb cpoAH HHTaTejiet. Y 
MOJioAoro aHrj[E?aEEHa nai TaRoro nojiosenia, bi RaROMi fiHnBiai^- 
^opA'B, JiEHiB ABa ^ecTHux'B BHXoAa: jih6o aiiErpEpoBaTB, 1060 noiiH 
wh cojAATu. BiaTH^opA'B BH6paiL'B RpacHys) aypiRy Tome AiiEHra *). 
B'B cojiAaiaxi Bjibth^opa'b npociiysHJi'B mecTB lirB. Bi Rasapuaxi 
OH'B i^-IJiHa HO^fl npoBOAHJOfB sa pa6o^EHB OTOXOMI, nonoAHaa CBoe 
o6pa30BaHie: ^Exajrii naccy, y^HJica HHocTpaafiHH'B asHRaii'b h np. Brb 

ROHI^t-ROHI^OB'b, OWb CAaJTL O^HI^epCElft 8R3aHeHl>, HO HO CTaJTB CJiy- 

8HTB AaJiBme, a aumeji'L b'b OTciaBRy. En^e es'b Raaapirb Biai^^opAB 
nooxaji'B H^OROJiBRO o^epROBii cojiAaxoRofi 2RE8HH B'B Suuday Chronicle. 
GTaxBH o6paTHi[H Ha ce6a Bceo6n{ee BHHHaHie, e Esjifi^'tesh npErjia- 
maoTB BjiBT^^opAa BHa^iajiii bb coTpyAHHRE, a hotomi vb poAaRTopH 



*) ToMH AxjiHHni— HapHi^aTOJiBHafl KJiH^a bc^xi aarjiificRHX'b coi^aTi. 



H31i AHTJUH. 105 

CB sajiOBaHLeM'B wb 1000 $. ex. bi> tojp*. BflSTH^opA'B opasy npflj];ajrb 
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HBAaxejut. Ohi> npeAJnosfln pe^anxopy HioKOJOiKO CManLHXB xohi h ho 
sacaxBOfl coBoiirb xizx BonpoooBi», ki KoxopuirB HawHaDO^fi: syp- 
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BEJL% peAasxopcxBO, ooej^HHiucfl 6i» xpeMfl jipj3hsaaL^ h ocHOsarB 
Clarion. Ci nepBaro se ro^a rasexa 6iioxpo nomjoia wb ropy. 
PodepxB BJidx^^opAX, HJiH Nanqaam, noMin^aexx bi KasAOMi Hyuep'b 
HicROJiBRo cxaxefl caicaro paBHOodpasHaro coAepacanU: xo ohx nsiia- 
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noJEeMHSHpyexi o% BparaMH AOxoKpaxiH, xo Biicxynaerb, KaEii 6ejue- 
xpHGTb lijoi KaKi noarb. 

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isTb Koxoptud'B OH^B npBdiraoTB xor^a, Kor^a seiaexi oA^JiaxB oBofi ox- 

B^TB npOXHBHHKy HaHdOJETJ^e CUBHHtt'B fl ijlfiMHTb. Bjiaxq^Op^^B B'B 00- 

BepmeHcxBi BJia^^exB opyAiem* aHrjoftoKHX'B naM^jiexHCxoBi— CMixom. 
Ero capRasiTB xin 6oiie ydifloxBOHi, ^o xohi» Bji8x?$opAa BoerAa 
poBHufi, cnoKO&Hufi. JEd^hxi npH6iraxB Nunquam ki napo^iH. Okb 
6epeTB noioseme npoxHBHHKa h 0% cBoeodpasHofi JiorHKofi aobo^htb 
ero jsfi AHKaro h neiinaro adcyp^a. Ilopofi xaKaa napoAifl y6HBaexi 
coBepmeHHO npoxHSHEKa bx nasax'B nyfijuiKH. CpaxaacB, 01 uysecx- 
cxBOiTB ciaparo oojiAaxa, 0% MHrbuieMz npoxHBHHKa, Bjiox^^opA'B, saKi 
sypHasBHufi 6061^1, oxju[?aexca pixKOft soppoKXHocxBD: jiuMHOcmh 
npoxHBHEKa jifiE Hero CBan^eHHa. Nunquam BHnycxHJTB ox^iiBHiiirB 
H8AaHie]t3> oboe cojrAaxoKifl BoonoMHHaHifl, saxtii'B poKanx tA son of 
the Forge» h cdopHHRB ^aHxaoxnqecRHX'B pascRaaoBx, ;^0Ra3HBaK)- 
mfLTb RaRHicb 6oraxiiMx soofipaseHieirB ut^inewb anxopx. OAaaso, 
caHHH'B xapaRxepHHSfx npoHSBeAeHieifB Nunqoam'a flBJUflexcA c6op- 
HHRi «Merrie England* (BecexaH AHrjda). 3xo nepene^axRa pa^a 
naM^exoBB, noflBjcflBmnxcH bx €Clarion». KHHSRa flMixa KOJuocaiB- 
Buts ycn'bxx. Bx nepnue se ahh ona pasomiaoB Kb ROJin^ecxBi 
100 xHCfl^x 8R3eMiij[flpovB. TeuopB, repeal roAx nocjrb noHBieHifl nepna- 
FO JLSjsfiEiB, Merrie England fOQomJiVkCbB'b 700 xsiCHii aRseHiuuipOB'B. 
KpoMi axoro, h^crojibro Hs^aHiH noHBHXOCB bx AiiepHRi. KHHKRa 
aepeBe^eHa Ha roJuraHACRifl, HtM6^Ritt, A^xoRii n HcnancRift jrurh. 
<fl HanH.aji'B RHHry, noxouy ^xo xoxijix a&tb mohm'b ^utxaxexflMii 
npeAcxaBJieme xoifB, ^xo xaRoe AenoRpaxifl, h RaRosu sajo^am efl»,— 
roBopHxx Nanqoam vb npeAHCiOBiH. Bb rhhsr£ npe^x naifH HBJuiexcfl 
rfly6oRO y&kBAOHHHi oirrHMHCTB, ROXopHH yiiiexi nepe^axB cboS onxH- 
MBdiTB ^HxaxejiD. ABxopx BucxynaexB ropawifB samnTHHROHTB ^ejo- 
B^Ka, Eoxoparo, no ero MHimH), oRJieBOxajiH npe^cxaBExejiH cxapofi 

nOJUHXHEO-dROHOMH^eCROfi mROJTU, CXpOHBipie CBOH BHBOAIBI Ha HOIO- 

sesiH, ^xo cxpeiueHie Ri nasiBi — HanfioJite xapaRTepnafl qepxa 
<AByHoraro cymecxBa, dea-B nepBenx, ho ct> Ayniofi*. 



106 pyCCKOB BOrATCTBO- 

fllojiHTH^ecKafl 8K0B0Mifl Banisxi npoTHBHHfiOBi» nocTpoeHa Ha 
;iosHOMi> npeACTaBJieHiH o HeiofiiqecRofi apHpoAi), — roBopBTL Nanqaam 

Bl DflTHaAI^aTOtf'B nHOBMi Ell CmBTJ (RHHSEa C0CTaBJI8Ba H81> pfljia 

BHoeHi K:b sojueRTEBHOMy nEta^rejoo ^soHy CwHTy). — ^IIpooTue khhs- 
Hue ?epBH, oyxie <y^eHHe>, oo^HHHreiH Ea6iiH6TH£ix'B Teopift ot^ 
HiOABi He MoryrB 6htb aBTopHTeraMB si Kkji± SHaHUi neioBi^eoKofi 

npHpO^U. TaKHHH aBTOpHTeTaMH EBJIEKTrOfl nOBTU, BeiHRie pOUaHHCTU, 

xyAOHHHKH, SHBmie cpoAH 11DA6H, Hsy^asmie hxi h npHouaTpHBaB- 
mieofl %% EHKi. yqe6HHKE jifla HsyHeEiE ^ejiOB'bqecTBa, bto — npoEs- 
BeAesiH mesoHEpa, Fioro, CepBaHTeoa, CTepna e np. ^to6b[ noEET& 
qejQtOBiqecKyD npspoAy, bi rpy^H Ha6jiDAaT6jrfl AOiaKso Cetbce ropa- 
"lee, j[]D6Hn(ee cepAi^e. IIoMHflTCE, HajcB^EBOH'B emfi e uTajtii osasEy 
npo HpHEDia, BOTopoMy ^ea Bpy^Bia B0Jime6Boe nepo. Kor^a npBBi^ ao- 
TparEBaJCfl emi ao Bdro-HH6yAB, totb HaqEBajn roBopBTB Bce to, ^to 
y Hero 6bij[o Ba jijwb. TaBoe nepo, ci tok) se BOJ[ine6Hon ohjiok), bu 
uoxere Eiri^TB doctoehho, KorAa saxoTEre. Hme eny — ^jnD6oBB k'b ?ejio- 
BtqecTBy. 3tem'l EiieHBo nepoinb ofiaaAajiH IIIeKcnHpi, CxepBt, Cep- 
BaHTecB. n BToro nepa BtrB y samEXi iipotbbbhrob'b» *). 

JI,ajite, aBTopi» crapaoTCfl bueobbtb qBTaiejiflirb, rbrx pa8Eoo5pa3- 
BU MOTopBi, ABEraDmie qejiOB^bqecTBOMi). Ob^b buboahtb BBaiajit 
aKeBD^EHy — cecTpy MEJiocepAiE, ROTopafl EBJifleToa BonjonieBieM'b caico- 
oTBepseBiH.cHe npaBAa-jE, RaRaa 6jiaropoAHaHRapTEBa? — onpaniEBaeTB 
Nunquam. — ^TaEOBa qeJiOBiqeoEaa npBpoAa». SaitiTB, RaRt aBiETesy, 
aBTopx pEoyeTB BaMTb nopiperB <of the outcast Jezebel of the Lon- 
don pavement (oTBepseBHyR) lesaseJiB joEAOBCRoft MOOTOBofi) ccb 
AiaBOABCRofi EeBaBECTBK) B'B oepAH^j CI oTpazeBieH'B aACRaro opee 
vh rjnasaxi*. «He npasAa-jiE, RaRaa ysacBafl RapTEna? By, TasoBa 
HOJiOB'&qeoRaa €npEpOAa>. 

^HeiOB'bqecRafl npspoAa cocTaBJieEa bs'b RpaftBO pasBOOdpasaux'B 
9JteMeHT0B'B». fl^na. EjurocTpai^iE Nunqnam bhboaetb Ba oi^eHy 6e3R0- 
BeqBufi pflAOb repoesi npoESBeAeBiE bojihrex'b nflcaTejueM. <Hi, to- 
nepB npEaoMBETe seAOBooEa Ses'B RpoBH e desii Aymn, BOAOHOCRa, po- 
AHBEiaroca Vh Mosry Ra6HEeTE£ix'B AORipEHepoBi, ofiJiaAaDmaro jinmb 
oABofi CTpaoTBD — ^cTpoujieBieM'B Rii EasEB'i», — HeAOflocRa, KOToparo 
OBE xoTOTh UhWb BMAaTB 3a TEBEuaro npeACTaBETeiE qeJiOBlqecKott 
npEpoAu>... **j ABTopi BHCxynaeTB p,bjAq nuiKuwb onTHMHOTOM'B. 
fHeysejtfl qejiosiqecRaE npnpoAa ne cnocodBaRii Ao6py?Ho stobo- 
npaBAa. J[k)ae ehctebrtebbo npeAnoqETaDTB cBifB HpaRy, jiiio6obb 
BeBaBECTE E Ao6po — Bjry. CaMuft aroECTEqEufi qejtoB'J^R'B bo AonycTEJi 
6u norB6ByTB TaRoe »e, RaRx b obi, oyn^ecTBo, ecjLutu owb mofb 
cnacTE ero 6631 noiiKaro pacKa a^e ceoA. TOdiBKO AyuieBHO-OojibEOd 
Mosei'B JIM co6cTBeHHaro yAOBOJiBCTBia noAnajiETb BEBy ejie 90 OTpa- 



•) M. Blatrhford, «Merrie England>, p. 111. 
♦*) Ibid., p. 113. 



H81> AHrJUH. 107 

BHTB ROJIOAeSB. OTCDJia fiUBOAty ITO JtDAH MOrfTB fljbJidLtb Jlfi6fO pSAH 

Ao6pa>... 

Nanquam nepexoAHTx £!> AS^BHifimeJiy pa86opy ocKo^soro nojio- 

SeHIfl dKOHOMHOTOB'B CTdpOfl lOKO^Ifii: ^IIpflnOlCHHTe SE3HB FaiOHJieff, 

BpyHo, HBDTOHa h ooiefiiAP- Hdciij^oBaTexeft, <J[)H£ooo$ob'b HMy^e- 

HHKOBTi. JIi060BB RT* HOTHfli, JIX)60Bb Kl 3HaHil), jUD60BB Rl HGRyc- 

CTBy, jiK)6oBB Ri* cjiasi,— Bce bto eoaie Moryqie MOTopH, ^iMt crpen- 
leHie Ri> HasBBi» *). Ecjih Roro-HafijAB yAHBHTB ajieMeHxapHocTB 
MHorHXTb H31 dTHTb noioxeHifi, TO nycTB OH-B npBnoHHBT'B ly ny- 
fijiHRy, R'B ROTopoS o6pan^^Tca Nunquam. 

Ha RaRie Bonpocu oTstqaDrB €6aj[iaAH> BjtdT^^opAa bhaho hb'b 
nepBOd crpo^u, Hanp., npoHSBeAema, osarjiaBjieHHaro cMajTBTysiaH- 
cRaa Teopifl>: 

Twas at a public meeting*, 
Where Blanksby lectured, 
John Hardliead raised a.-. question, 
And this is what he said: 
«You talk of unemployment; 
The remedy's at call— 
Eeduce the population, 
And there'll be work for alb. 

(^ijio 6blio Ha MnrflHri, Ha ROTopoifB B2dHRc6H ^HTaji'B JneRi^iK). 
AxoH% KpimRorojioBBiit nfeji^omEiin> BonpocB h Borb tto cRasajTB oh'b: 
«BH TOJiRyexe o hohm'Iioiipx'b pa6oTH. JI-lRapcTBo, b^ab, hoa'b pyRoii. 
yiieHBinHTe ROjrHqecTBO HacaseniH, h TorAa Ha&Aercfl pa6oTa a^a 
Bcixi)». 

JleRTOpir oTBiqaeTB any, ?to cto jiiri Tony HasaA'B nacojieHie 6BLiia 
Bi AHFAiH BTpoe MeHBme n, liMi He Mente, h TorAa 6usiR fiespa- 
6oTHHe. npH noMomH 6oj[Linoro rpa^HHa h ifaieHBRaro cxaRaHa 
jieRTopi ofiiacHHerB HarjuAHo, ^to TaRoe, TaKi EasuBaeiioe, nepe- 
HacejieHle. 

nocjii Po6epTa BjtaT^^opAa, Handoiie TaflaHTJEBUM'B coipyAHH- 
ROMX KAopioHa flBJUflercfl A. M. Tomcoh'b (Dangle). Oh'b — ^aBxopi psA^ 
naM$JieTOB^, hbi RoxopHX^ oahh^, «Tliat blessed word liberty*, nepe- 
ne^xaHHHH oxAtiBHoa 6poinK)poft, roBopflxi, pa30inejicfl bi* coxhhx'b 
lucai'B BRdeMnjiflpoB'B. Mfii Rasexca, oAnaRo, ^xo HaH^ojite Bcero 
JEH^HOCXB ToMcoHa oxpasHJiacB FB ueJiRHxii paBCRasaxi, Roxopue b-b 
nocjiiAHee BpeHa nepene^axanu H3^ K/h9pioHa hoa'b o6^^lH'B nasBa- 
HieH'B <Dangle's Mixture>. B^b RasAom pascRaBt nporJuiABiBaeT'B ry- 
MaHHaa, MarRafl, BAyHiHsaa jiHqHocxB anxopa. BlpoaxHO, pyccRaa 
nyfijdERa 6£ua 6u fijaroAapna xoiiy nepeBOA^Ry, Roxopud nosHaROMHji'B 
6u ee Q-h HiROxopuMH pa30Ra3aMH Dangle'a. 

CUmon HBJiflexofl en^e xann^HUHiB, RaR'B HapoAnaa rasexa, bb Towb 
oxHomemB, ^cro Boi coxpyAHHRH bbuhjih caMH m'b napoAa. HIorojibro 



*) ibid., p. 119. 



108 P7CCK0S BOFATCTBO. 

HHyH) ^HsioHOMlK) HOCHTL APjraa eseHe;](iiBHaa rasexa Beyndds's 
Nenspaper, BHoraBHBinaji jsfiBmowb ojoBa: < Government of the Pe- 
ople, by th% People, for the People*, raseia, cpasHRTe^iBHO, MaJio eh- 
TepecjeToa 8K0H0MHqecKHMH BonpooaMH. I(eHTpi xosecTa es — nora- 
THKa, A& OTpeuieHie no;^HflTB yMoraeHHuft jpoeeHL cbohx'b ^Htaiejieft. 
Reynolds's Newspaper ocHOBana nexBepTB stsa TOMy HasaAi; ho o^en 
AOJiro 8T0 6BiJia raseia, nojibsoBaBmaflCflRpaftHe ABycKfircieHHoS penyra- 
i^iefi. HsAaHie uj^hajio Ty ^ssioHOMiEO, KOTopyK) EuAerb TenepB> ieoib 
TOFAa, EorAa bo rjiaBi ero cTan MOJioAofl h TajaHtJiEBHS aABOEan> 
BESbawh ToMOOH'B. XapaKxepsafl oco6efiHOCTB rasoTH— aio xa cepia 

^HJIOOO^CEnX'L H HOTOpEEO-JUBTepaTypHUXl CTarefi, EOTOpiia nOflBJlfllOTOA 

Bi> EasAoiTb HOMopi. HanHoafiu ohh caHHirB ToMooHorb. 9to Bant- 
HatejiBHuft nooyiflpflsaTop'B, jwkjoin^i HSiaraxb caMyjD ciosHyK) 4^h- 
locoj^cEyn CHoroMy tbkhm'b EpncTaiE^eosH - acHBiirB asuEoirb, hto 
OHa oraHOBHTCfl noHETHofi BOEEOMy €;^0Eepy>. HarjiEASEUCL j^osasa- 
T6jiB0TBOMi» TOMy ojnysETL c6opHEE'B € Democratic Readings » (^omo- 
spaTE^eoEiE TreHifl), o EOTopoirb a yse ynouEHyjrb MOJiLSOirb bi 
npomjtoifb naoBMi. Bi npoAEOJiOBiH aBTOpi rosopETB, ?to xejiajnb 
AaTB spaxEyx) acTopiK) yMCTBeaaaro a apaBCTBOEHaro pasaaria ?e- 
jEOHl^ecTBa. KaazEa cooraBjueaa evl 29 btdaobi. Bi aasAoiTB aa- 
6pac£iBaeTca xapasTepacrasa unaocTa a y^eaia tIxi» Bej[BEaxi> jsjisi- 
leieft, EOTopHO oocTaBaia anoxy bi BBOxniiia ^eioaiqecTBa. . Tasi, 
aBTop-L saaEoaaTB aaci cb Sopoaoxpoui, Koa$yn;ieirB, BOoroqaoB^a- 
jiooo^iefl, sarfcicb— 01 rpeqeoEoft ^ajioco^ieft bi ibi^ CoEpaxa, Hia- 
Toaa a Apacroteia; Aa^e, aaropi aacB boabtb bi cpe^iaie siaa, saa- 
fiOMBTB ci oxojiaoTaEaaa; noroMi*, — oi y^aieirB aoBuxii b^eobi, amoTb 
jifi MapEca a Fepdepra Cneacepa.. Koe r;^t npaaeAeHU aedojuBmia bbi- 
AepsEB. Democratic Beading cEopie ae aoTopia yaoTBeaaaro a 
apaBOTBeaaaro pasBaria ^ejosi^eciBa, a ^ajioco^oEaa saitBEionexia ajih 
aapoAa,— aaii,BEJ[oneAia, npoaasayiaa o6n^eft axeefl a cocraBjieaaaa cb 
^SoJUBmaax saaaieiii a ci 6o2BniOD adSobbd.Bi aacToamee Bpeica 
PefiaojiBAOBa rasexa pacxoAHxoa 6ojr&e, h^m'b b-b 200 xuoa^ax'L BEseM- 
ojEpaxi. Hsi ea coxpyAaaEOBi» e^Ba ja ae oaauMB oparaaaiBauM'B, 
EaE'B xan-L, aBiaexca KaaaaraaB FpaaaB. Bb 1886 r., bo apeaa 
cEpoBaaaro BocEpeceBBa>, Eor^a bi> Tpa^aiBraB'B-CEBepi npoasoduo 
cxojiEBOBeaie Mes;^y aapo^OMB a nojiai^eft, o^aairb bbb nepBBCXB no- 
oxpaAaBmaxi OEasaica aaEony aeasBicxauk ^^seaxeiBHeai, cb rycxoft, 
qepaofi rpaBoft EypqaBUXT* boioci, aaBacmai'B aa;^ BOJiasojiinao c^op- 
aapoBaaaHH'B jComb. KpaBEJiBEoe a Epacaaoe ^ai^o aeasBicxaaro 
6HJI0 noEpuxo xpooaqeoEEMi aarapoai. OEaBaiocB, vto aro xojn^Eo 
1X0 B03BpaxaBmifica asi K)sBofi AMepaaa KaaaaravB TpaaHi*. IIo- 
jyqaBi npeEpacaoe o6pa30Baaie wb KaMgpa^^iKCBOM:^ yaaBepcaxexi, 
KaanaraM'B Fpaaaii fotobbjice BaaaxB cyAoiCEifi cxyji'B; ao MOJoiOAOay 
lejtoBiEy ducxpo onpoxEsijiE n 6ojrBinofi ropo^x, a cyAeficEoe epk)tco- 
xBopoxBO, a 6ijiue napaEE. Poaeob oai* aa ABtoxa sivb paabme, b31» 
aero BMniejni 6£i aaalpaoe oaebi jx31> xtxi acEaxejieft npEEJUD^eait^ 



HSl AHOIff. 109 

saKi Tjj&owbj KOTopne OKpofiaBiesHHM'B EyjiaKOM'B BQHcaJiH cBoe Etm 
Bi HCTopiD. Ayx'B BceoBtTHaro dpoAflFH, 6e8iioKoSHaro HcsaTexfl cESh- 
HHxi Bnet[aTJiiHift h hobhx'b npnRjmqeHitt, othdab ho yracB bi oo- 
BpeMOEHOirb noTOinci PoSsssoEa KpyBa cb Tixi iiopi, KaR'B ohi CTa- 
pEHHyn mifliiy h RaMSOJTL aairbHEJTB locEan^EHCfl iiejiespok'l e moa- 
HHiTb nanBTo. KaEEHraiTB Tpaauj CTaio TioEo bi doiBmoiTL ropojti. 
Os'B feaiE3EpoBajirL CBoe nopHAO'^Eoe cooToasie, bob eopbeiei na- 
poxoAOiTB nonjfiUB b'b soBufi Kpaft, bb K)sejk) AiiepEEy. lav's 
«LLD> (Legum Doctor, AOBTopi npaBi) 6HCTpo <onpooTHi[ca>, saBOffB 
«paH^>, sesEiCE sa noxyAEBoft lysevKt, Koiopas uaoTepcKE cBa- 
Kaia fla seoc'i^A'aBEOM'B kob^ e KyiaKoui Mona csaJiflTB 6&iqRa, y ro 
Toparo npo6EBaK)TCH yse poacRE. TaRB nponuro iiiiux'B ^oTupHaA* 
i^aTB liTB. Ho BsesanRO saoryaEJita nopa, Ror;^a e nojiyAERit npo- 
OTopB EaAOdhiB TaRSKo KasEsraEi Tpaavy, RaRi e xeusue RoppE^opBi 
jioEAOscRaro cy;^a. Oeb nociaJTB ki ^epiy obok) €pasqy>, eiiROBi h 
Rosefi, safipaJE'B sesy e jsjkiei, ebeice b% JIoeaoei e fb totb se abeb 
nonai'B sa MEiEBrB bb Tpa^aiiBrap'B-CRBepi, OROswBmifiCE ctojib njia- 
HOBHO. Kpoirb pa36HT0fl rojioBu, CHBinifi €paEqH8S'B» nonxaTEicE en^e 
6oJiBnisH'B mrpa^OMi, ROTopnft saiuaTEix caiTB, se noacejiaBi, 7ro6u[ 
AJiE 8Toro yoTpoEiaoB oOmecTfiessaE noji^EECRa. KasssraM'B-rpaaM'B 
6pocEicfl BecB, TaRi cRasaTB, bt* Hope sypsaJiLSoS 6opB6u. Osi nc- 
;qpysEJB:ofl cb iiORoftBiniB BsirBfltfOifB MoppsooiiB, ob B. Tohcosomi, 
CB KeflpB-FapAE e ApyrsMS Apys^v^ sapo^a e BucTynsjTB lurases- 
EHiTB naiaAEEOM'B ero. y sero o^sa A^va cepAma— AeMORpaTia. H efi 
osB npoAasB 6e33aBi^TS0. Jifis. BosaejiEqefliE e ji^jlb. npocjraBiesifl en 
Bci dEHTeTU eMy RaaRyTca 6i1ahume. Otb craTeft KasEsraifB TpaaEa 
BieTB mspoREE'B npocTopoiTB orpoHEuxi OTeneft, Bb sext* ^yexos uo- 
lyAHRaa hoeib loro Rpas, b'b rotopomb laRB Aoxro npo6ujrB asTopx. 
H:bEOTopoe BpeHE bi sypsajiBsott AtoTOJiBSocTE KasBsraMB-rpaaEa 
6ujL'b nepepBTFB: ohb Cujtb EsSpasi bt» napjiAHesTB; so, saR'B opaTopB, 
osB ropaaAO cjo[a6ie e 6e3i(BiTsie, EtvB RaRi sypsaJiECTB. Ha bh- 
6opaxB 1892 r. KasEEsrasB- TpaaMB eo npomeji'B e beobb Bcei^tio 
oTAajicfl sypsajiBEofi A^TeiBHooTE. 

CaHas cTapaa sapoABaa raseia bb Aflrjiis sto — f Weekly Times>, 
ROTopaa BB flSBapi BToro roAa npa3AE0BaJia CBofi DETHAeoETEJitTfliH 
io6Ejrefl. Ee oosAajio, laRt BasHBaeMoe, ^apxEcicRoe ABBaeBie. HnmeTa 
H 6e3E0H0ii;ff0CTB pa6o?aro Rjcacca, nojiHoe EeycTpo&oxBo $a6pH^Earo 
6BiTa, sart&TB 6e3iiJi0AE0CTB aj^a pa6o'iEX'B napjiaiiesTCROii pe^^opuB; 
1832 r. nopoABJB ero. OpraBE3aTopH ABsaeBia xoiiJiE noAaiB napja- 
MOETy OTB pa6o^BXT> neiBi^iH) (people's charter). HyBRTH, BHCTaBjreB- 
BHe BB seii, 6zdrjiE: Bceo6n^aa noAa'ia roJiocoBi>, eaeroASBie B£i6opB[ bi> 
napjaMeBTL, Tafiaaa fiajiJiOTHpOBKa, oiEisa HMymecTBeaBaro n;eB3a, 
paBHHe HaOapaTejiBHHe oKpyra no qHcay BsfiBpaTeieft. IlapiaMeHTb 
oTBeprL nepByio noTHiuio, no;3;nHcaHByK) 1.200.000 JIB^^. TorAa BaE6oJiie 
niiJEie yqacTHHKH opraBH3an;iE ciaflH npBSKiBaTB rb aRTHBBOEy npo- 
lecxy. O'KoBEopx, O'EpieBx n Apyrie bosah qapxHCTOBB 6hjib apecTO- 



110 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

BaHii. Hajiea^pi napo;^ 6u£h pastivrH; B'b oco6eHK08TH neccHMHavB 
jBeiBqEica nocrt 48 roxa, otb KOToparo sa&ih raKi HHoro, h koto- 
put Aaii TaK'b Haio. BspHBi rjiyteKaro onasHia noojr&AOBajn bod;(7- 
Bt, TaEy»-TO nopy BuoTymua rasexa <Weekly Times*, bh- 
craBHBX na cBoeirL sHaxeHs a^bhsi: «nporpeo<r& n HapoAi»>. Faaert 
npe^cToaJia TpyAHaa saj^a^a. £tt npExoxmocb BsymiiTb ^HTaTeno Bipy 
Bi 6yAyiiiee, efi aysHO 6ujio AOKaaatb, vro oaho nopaseHie ei^e hh- 
^ero HO AOKasuBaen, ^o nodt^a snepej^H. H TFe6% Times ^eono 
HcnoxHua cbod mhcoIk). Besi coMHiHifl, raseTa fiujca npasa, Rorj^a 
ona BucTynua co cbohmi oaTHKHSMOirb: sa nuTLxacan jrtrb eft npa- 
nuoob oTMiTHTB i^toift pa^i 4^a6pBm£ix'b (Seuefi, H86flpaTeiBHEifl pe- 
^pnH, AOBeAeHie sstiEpaTejibHaro i^eHsa novni ao KHHHiiyiia, seeoG- 
mee o6pa80BaHie, paABBaiBiryD pej^opny B'B MyHBitHaaiLHOH'B cano- 
yapaBieHiH h np. IIpHiiuocb oTMiTHTB KHoro TasHxi pe^piri», o £0- 
TOpurB He oirbra Aaso neHTaTB ^apTHCTH. IlflTbAeciiTi liii noApajCB 
raseia 6uia BOCQHTaTeibHHi^eS cbohx'l ^BTarejieft. Ona BH^tia, saKi 
KpyrB nooK'&pnm Bce 6ojshm% h 6ojiBine paornHpaerofl. 3a droTB j^oirifi 
aepioAi BpeveHE uiHaAHCb peAasTopu; ho bcI ohh noA^epsHBara h 
OTCTaaBaiH ci doiBmHifB hjih MeHsniHirB TajiaHTOirL Ti apHHi^HQii, ci 
BOTopBHn naTBAecarb Avh TOity Hasa^b Baepsue BHcxyaajia rasera. 
Weekly Times^ oaho speifa, coaj^ai'b cBoeotipasayx) 6ej[2eTpHeTHKy, ko- 
Topaa Bramxa Macoy noaioHHEKOBx. 9to 6cilio lorAa, sorxa vb rasert 
npHHEvaJTb yqacTie Biaamapi. Hysao npeAcraBHTb oefii orpoMaaro 
sAopoaasa, Jiirb copoaa, Kpacaon^eaaro, crb ajoiMa ry6aifa, ex OMin- 
maifaca rjasaaa, b'&^ho pacTpenaaaar), ai^^ao ayasAann^arooa ax Aeab- 
ran, ae onoipa aa 6ojn>mot lareparypaHfi 8apa6oTOKi. TaaoBi 6HjrB 
Biaanrapb, aBTopi i^aropaAa poHaaoB'b, aanoxaeaamci yABBateibas- 
HH npaKJcn^eaiaiia. BiaamapbBoonojibdOBaxca crpacrbD Kb aaai aaria- 
^aa^ ]ifl& Toro, mto6u yj^ofiaie apoBOAarb B'b coaaaaie npocTiirb ?h- 
Taiejieft ryaaaayK) a ajtOAOTBOpayi) aucib. dia poaaaH aaijiH kojoc- 
CBAauft ycni^XTi. IlyCjiHKa cb jraxopa/j^o^auirb aerepataieab x^aia 
aoaepa ci ^eTsepra, oropaa orb seJiaaia yaaaxb, aasx BiiayTaica asb 
dRCTpaopAHBapaaro aojioseaia repotff— aaTpocb, ooij^BTb ejle se pa- 
6oHifi. Oaa ae saajia, ^to bti 8to aveaao apeva pe^aKTopa 6beTb rose 
GBoeo6pa3Baa JiaiopaAKa: aacrynaia yse naraai^a, a ae 6Hflo aa npoAOJi' 
Hceaia poxaaa, aa Bjraamapa. Tor^a bo aci eobd;h Jloa^oaa paaobuairacb 
roai^. Bjiaamapb caAi^HaBtpaoeBiCEpoiraofiTaBepai b^ Soho,rAt 
noatn^axca «:Kjiy6'b Aaaapeft*, ^UEeaaaa aoToparo b^ to speaa 6fiua 
xoBAoacKaa 6oreMa: apTHcm, xyAosaaaa, sypaaxacTH, a ae repi^ora 
aMapKHBu, KaRb Teaepb. Tor^a <Aaaapa>, bh'&cto o6tjta, AOBoibCTBosa- 
lacb sa^acryK) apysaofi 8Jia a& Tpy6Eot cKBepaaro latSasy; lenepb ro- 
AOBaa niata bti aiyfii «OTKapeft», — 60 raaefl (t. e. 600 py6.). 3aT0 
Tor^a c^HKapai ;^o yrpa Morxa npocnoparb o aoBoirb cioat ai sap- 
Taaax'b $opAa MapAoaci-Bpayaa, o6'BTeopia acTOTH^ecRofi Pgcaaaa, Aa 
• 6% BAeaiax-b ^apracroFb; TorAa KaKi Tenepb — aoRJUoiraTejibaofl xeaoft 
pasroBopoBi (urysarb EapTU a ORa^Ra, caa^Ra a Eapiii. 



jei3T> AflTJlIH. Ill 

HHor^a BjraHmapa He HaxoAHU bti xaBepsi vb Soho, lorAa hjsho 
6ujro ero noKaxb no ftpjTRWb Rafia^Kam, r;^ owb HaBipHoe cKpH- 

BaJICfl OTB KpeABTOpOBl. PoUaHHCTa npSBOSHJIH Vb BaKpUTOlTB Kd(it B'b 

peAasipK), sanspan bi oupfksbBjv) KOMHaiy, h repeal ips ?aca 6£ua 
roTOBa HOBafl rxaBa poMana oi hobiikh yHonoMpa^nrexBHuicH npsRHH)- 
^eHiflVH. nepeomTpHBas Teiiep& oTapue HOHepa Weekly Times, hh 
yfitsAaeHCjr, ^ro y Bianmapa 6HjrL HBADSHHEBift laiaHTL; ho obtb npo- 
najTb E aaCKTB no eo6cTBeHHOft 663aj[a6epH0CTH aBTopa. Hn oahhi 
poMavb He BHmeJi'b oTAtiBHsorB mn^Eiewb. 

Bi 1892 r. Bi AHFJiiH o6pa80Baj[acb cHeBaBEGHMaa pa6o?aa nap- 
Tifl>, KOTopaa, KaKi b napiifl napHejEOTOBi* vb 6iuoe BpeMir, pi- 
nnua noAAepsHBatB bi» napjiaHeHTt e na BHfiopaxi . 663pa3iB?H0 
KOHcepBaiopoBi EiE se xHdepajiOB'L, cHorpa, kto esi hhxi» 6y;^eTL 
6ojiie nojeaeHi pa6oqeiiy nacejieHUO. Bo mvb napilH ciai'b enep- 
rs^HHtt moTiaHAei^i KeMpi-rapAH, 6fiiBmifi <Ma8Hepi»», t. e. pyAO- 
Kom, xeoepb sypHajiEcn. y Refip^-FapAH xflsexoBaToe, KboKOjrBRo 
rpyCoe, ho y6iAHTejiBHoe e CEJbHoe spacHOpttie, soTopoe BHABEnyjio 
ero en^e wb moioaocth na pafio^Exi* iiETHEraxi. ToBapsmE bh- 
coKO i^tHEjiE erosa ropa^n npeAaHHoerb o6n;eHyAiJiy e aa aairlqa- 
ToiBHyK), ucTO RBaReposyD ^eoTHOGTB. cHesaBEOEMaa pa6o^afl nap- 
Tifl» cpasy npiofiptia MEorEXi ctopoeeekobi, Taxi mo Ha bh6o- 
paxi 1892 r. noojiaia csoero npeACTaBEiejifl, Refipx-FapAE, vb nap- 
jraiieHTb. Tam ero mnpoKiH nje^E pyAOKona, Aa oEJiBEafl, rpy6oBaTaE 
pl^B, o6ejibho yoHameHHaa EapoAHSME myTO^KaME, cooraBJiajrE ao- 

BOABHO-iaSE pi3Rifi BOSTpaOTB CO BCbllX OEpysaDDUItfl. Bb OditAy- 

nmeifb roAy Kefipi-FapAH ocaoBUBaeri raseiy <ic Labour Leaden, 
KOTopafl HBiEerca o^(j[)Hiuajiii>HUM'b opraHOM^ napria. llHnierb KeftpB- 
FapAE TaB'B xe, Kasi* e roBopHn: Ay^OBaio, b'I^ceojibro lasejio, ho 
CEXBHO E yG'^AHTenEO. Fasora qaoTO BnaAaerB vb nojueMEsy, npE- 
newb peAaKTopi Ee BcerAa OTAiiaerb MHiEie npoTEBEERa orb laq- 
HOCTE ero. FiaBHufi i^eHTpi TasecTE raseTS, aro — aRosovHRa. Jlta- 
TejBHBiiiH coTpyAHERaKE Reftpi^TapAfl aBaaDToa Tom'b Mse'b e BevB- 

TeXOTB, ROTOpBK'B E yse rOBOpEJTK Vb npOmflOM'B nEOBMi. 

MeEie onpoAi^eHsofl ^EaiOBOHieE, ^in> HaaBaHHHE Binne ra- 
aeTBi, oTJffl'iawTca cNews of the World* , «Lloyd'8 Weekly News« h 
< Weekly Dispatch)). IIociikAHaa Aaerb oqoHB mhofo CB'^A^Hift o TpaA^- 
yEioHaxi. Rpaftae EsrepecHH it napoAHHa rasersi, bo rflaai roto- 
puxi CTOflTB cBanKeEHERH paajfE^EHXi AHccHAeETCRHxi i];epRBeM. B-b 
ooofieEEOGTE, xi>6on£iTEa raaoTa Christian Socialist, ESAaBaeiiaa cbe- 
n^eEHHRoirB, A-poH'B RiB^opAOH'B, CuBumwb ROFAa-TO TRaneiTB; Eo a 
EaAtocB en^e BepHyrBca r'b btoS Teni. 

Mil bhaIu, hto, Vb 60JiBnrEHCTBi^ ciyqaoBi^, EapoABNa raaeiii vb 
AariiE EdAaioTca JinABME, BHmeAniEiffE Hai napoAa. Boi ohe 
Ha nepBOMi> niaHt cTaBaT^ pasBETie cBoero ^EraTeAer e oSoranieHie 
ero E0B2IME EjieaME. IIooMOTpflux TonepB, RBROBU BSAaEia.. pacHE- 
TaHEHH Ha cccjiyrB roonoARHa RyuoHa>. 



112 pyCGKOS BOrATCTBO. 



ni. 



^TPEanoraifB npBimocB pimaTB ^^oboibuo Tpy^syi) sa^aTf : npn- 
AjiiaTL HSxaHie cfiesi MHOjietff>, noTouy^TO sa aBTOMaTH^ecKoS HyiiepoB- 

KOft OpAOpOBl CnOOOfiHOOTB BOCOpEHHUaTB MHOJIH eoBopmeHHO aTpo^H- 

pyercfl. KaKHxi* HAeaiaxx hoskho 6buo 6u cRasafb canyraii'L KynoEa»? 
He OTOiTL se, tto bi^ rpii^^yii^eMX y hhx'b 6yAerb oofioTBOEHafl GaHKHp- 
CKaa soHTopa hjih se coScTBeHHas Kacca coyjTB Ha JIovOapAib'CTpHTb 
siE se Ha KopHXHjiii? H botl, npe;^ nauH H;(eajiBHoe HSAanie, nsi 
KOToparo BOflsie HaMeRH Ha mucab BBirpaBjeHU. dio — pacxoAflnUtca 
wb Kon^eoTBt nojiyiiHJiJDOHa XK» — 3HaMeHETuft «Tit-Bit8», HMtnmitt, 
co6cTBeHHo roBopa, o^enB A'HHHoe sarjtaBie: «JIaKO]fKft KycoR'B on 
wxbj.'b HaH6ojr&e HHTepecHHXi* KHEn., sypnaioBi e ooTpy^EEKOBi^ 
Bcero Mipa» (Tit-Bits from all the most interesting books, periodi- 
cals and contributors in the world). XypHajrb OTKpHBaeTCE TpoHa 

0T0l6l^aiIE aSOKAOTOB'B. ?T06liI nOSEaROMETBCE CB E8;^aHieHl, B08B- 

MeiTB nocji'lAHift EOvep'B. Xoteto ysEaiB, EaKOSH aHeEAOTBi? Msboxbtb. 
It 1. cBpeHOEa TeuepB laK^B hjioxe, tfo e dEOEOVEue jno^E c6pE- 
BBxyrb ce6i ycu, ?to6k bobitoseo 6oj[Bme suRypETB cErapsut ORy- 
poKiD. a 2. €Mrs. CmpoHtMundz: 3a ^o BaCB nocaAEJiE b^ TnpBiiy, 
MOft (SiAHflra? Apecmanim: JI soEHJicfl bo BTopofi pasi. Mrs. Cmpam^ 
Muudz (cB EsyvjieEievB): He mosotb 6htb? 3a 8to ho oaxaioTB b'b 
Tupi^Hy. Apecmantm: A tfes^y Ttui laRi. A seEEjrcE Ea hoboS 
TKiewb, a crapaE sena, ROTopaa yse 6u£a y MeHE, ynpfltajia neEE 
0K)Aa sa ABoeseHCTBO». A: 3. aAemoph. Bu He KoaROTe ce6i npei- 
ciaBHTB, RaRys) yfiny HapoRi^ e ipa^y aa pyRonEOE, rotophe ompa- 
BiEio vb pe^aRi^iE. KpumuKh. Oxotho aipD. ^aiiB, qxo ao cexi nop'B 
He BBeifl peiyp-B-MapKE, no yMeHBmeESoS i^'fifli)). 

Ha^ OTpasHi^efi EaAQEOB, npEFJiamanmaE corpyAEEROB^ npEcu- 
jiaTB aEORAOTu no rsEei (10 pyC.) sa CTOJifiei^ (^opHara cHeffLra^). 
HepeBopa'iiEBaeM'B crpaEHixy. Kpoui en^e aaeRAOTOBi, lyrB ipE CTa- 

TefiRE, E B'B OAHO& FOBOpETCE, RaR^ aRTOpU OTJUUHEBaDTB, nOA'B Epe^- 

jEoroiTB CojiisEE, OTB npeACTaBjroEifi, ?to6u nonacTB sa CRa^E, B'B 
Apyrofi pa3CRa3UBaeTCfl, RaRi seEa ROEAyRTopa npsroTOBEJia adaacypB 
ESii o$^HI^aJlBEoi oynarH, a B'B TpeiBofi, aaRifi orpaEEKE nosepTBO- 
BaEia nopoi nocrynaiorB. Ha cji'bAyion^efi OTpasEn;^ OTaietKa, osa- 
FJtaBAeEEaa: ecKaRi. senniHEK sapaeaTUBaioTB A^HBrEi, e OAEa EVb 
riTb €8aAa?i>, ROTopua bbojh b'b EOAy Tit-Bits; eg o&b btohi eeso. 
nepejuECTUBaeifB eme cTpaEEny: oeetb asesAOTH, OTarefiRa noA'B Ea- 
sBaaieifB: (cHeB'bc'iH na oabh'b AeHL» e ii'j^uh paA*^ ycjioBift, rbr'b 
BKEFpaxB npHSX. B'B cTaTeftRt pascRasuBaerca o A'^BEii;ax'B, rotopkle 
BuxoAEJLE saEyscB sa yMflpaH)nuix'B. JI,aj[te cji'bAyerB py6pnRa: ccFd- 
poE E repoHHE AHfl». Ha q'j^judS cTpaEHi],t coo6n^aH)TCfl aaeBAOTH eb'b 

SE3SE se 6e3U8BiCTS0ft E Vb PoOCiS pOHaSHOTRE, MHCCB BpdAAOs^, 



B31> AHrJIH. 112 

Hu jsHaeiTb, ^to poManHCTRa JLK)6wrb xo^htb no aysi^OHairB, r^t no- 
EynaeTb «old bits>, t. e. TOT:b ciapHfi uaM'B, RoropiiS kohhtb ^- 
xasH, seiaDOue jsipHTB Haci>, ^ro 7 bbxi. TOHsifi bkjoi; ysHaeirb, 
saKi> MHCCB ierb h ^to oBerB; jsaaeMi, tto osa naiiHoajia yse meoTb- 
AeoflTB (!) poMaHOB'b, 3a KOTopfie QOj[yt[BJia i^oe cocroBBie e np. 
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BonpoGOB'B, cb o6tn;aBie]irB ynjiaTBTb no rBHei sa pasplmeBBuft npa- 
BBXBKo. Ctojibko SO npoMaraeTCB sa A60flT0s% €xoponiHX'B» Boapo- 
eoBi. BoTi>, BB 1T0, HesAy upouicL, aoisbu otb^^tb "vrraTeiu: 
«EcTB-jifl Ba ewbtt Tasott bsubt, bb KoropoirB BeBOSHoacBo nepe- 
ABBtfiB TeierpaMMBit? clIpafiocarB-iB KaKyn-Bfl6yAB noxBsy oo£i>? 
<EcTB-jiB b% AariiB i^epKOBB, koiokoibeb BOTopoft 6£Lia 6u BHspa- 
mesa vh spacBKB b Otiuifi i^ti»? <KaKofl aBrjuilcKitt eaflOKOiTB 
npoojiBBBJiofl, Kasi 6oKcepx»? b t. ji,. SarbiTB E]ijrb^ tbe'b Baaaeae- 
xiie, «$aKTBi>, KOTopHO iiosBOJiBDTB ^ETanesK) 6jiecByTB oBoefi apy- 
jpti^ejl vb o&naoxE Bcropifl. Bctb stsoTopue bsi arflxi ^^betobb. cY 
maxa nepoBAcsaro Co^^b oabbi» rjtadi Obui ^epBull, xPJtoA — rojrf- 
6ofi». «y AjieEcaBApa BejiBRaro Chib bb npaBOfi CToposi moH 601B- 
mafl 6opoAaBBa. CoBpeMeBBBRfl c^BTaicnyB aro npBdBasoM'B o9aoTBfl», 
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BpeMBpoBaBBufl pascsas'B, riaaa poMBBa h pasoKas'B, e upeHiB^npe- 
Jiifl Gebi* BOfl^a. PeAaBTopi BMtAx b'b BEAy, ^nx) «BpeiiB — ffiBhVK^k. 
HflTBTeAB AOiiaeB-B BSBTB sypBaii, noTOMy, hto aio euiodHO jsfia. Bero. 
& BOTB, <Tit-Bits» BBejTB i^tJEyK) cepiB) npsaoBb h apoMilt. Bo nep- 
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TBKOfi CTpaxoB&:b 10400 (p. or.). SarhirB ABBesBaa aarpi^a BasBa^aeToa 
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jiaABxejiB sBaeTL OBoero ^UTaTOJUi: nysBo paaptaaTB specrB AayiiB BBApi- 

SBMB TBEl, mi06u BSl KyCKOBl MOSBO 6UJI0 GOCTBBBTB SpeOTB CApXBUeAy 

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BBJiooB cBfldBoe Bape^BBie; sysBO bsbtb 3aoTaBomBui 6yEBU bbi Tit- 
Bits B COOTBBBTB ^pasy B T. a- I^CTB, OABBKO, BBOS ^BTBTeAB, KOTO- 

pony AAsse tbeoM ipyAi* se no objebitb. A, MOSAy ifin'B, rsBei) Buy 
Bce se xo^eToa hojij^btb. Hsabtojib bobombbjix b o Ben. KaxAyv 
BCA'biiK) BBSBa^auTCfl ABB npnsa no rflsei. fifin loro, ^to6h bhstpbtb 
Bxi, BysBO 3BaTB UBIB oioBEeBle. HsABTeJiB npeAsaraeTB ^BTBTe- 
MWb laOiB^y, Bi EOTopoft sasA^ OyEBa asSyEE o6o3Ea^eBa or- 
j^iiBBO* AB$poM: A— 43, B — 79, W— 54 e t. a- KasAOMy npeAia- 
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MiABTB vh poABEi^iK). Oabb ^^npoElH npoAJiaraeTOfl sa EaEHesBmyB^ 

M 4. (hr«i«% n. 8 



114 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

i^^py, Apyrafl — aa HaHfiojnmji). Ha npomjiroft HeAiJui nepBiii npasi^ 
Aocrajicfl np. Uriah Upton, norojiy tto cU> no Ta6iHiift cCosHa^aerb. 
HOJB. BropofinpES'b Aoeraioii c^acTJraBi^y, Koroparo cjABfia HaAiuia 
XXHHHinii piiAOirb HHOE'L Joseph Odiner Oldfield Owen Oates, TavB hto 
HHEiiiaiH BT> oyuKi oootaBHiK i^i^py 428. Tan jswb oTBtn aoi- 
xoHi 6iiTB HeapeuiHHO nociaH'B Ba KynoKb, orpisaHHOvi on ho- 
Mepa Tit-Bits, to pascqers HS^aiejifl oqesb npoctoS h, nporovB, 
sbpHufi. SypHan npemrpyerB en^e pascsasH, Koropiie AOJo/aui oo- 
xepsaTB HO 6ojAe 700 ojiobi; bo saHftqaToiBHiie seero, Kose^HO, 
npHCflaicHHe pouaHECTU sypHajra. Tyn npe^i naME, CBOero po^a, 
SEaiieBHTOCTs,' flpoasBeffesifl KoropHxi pacxo^piTCfl vh coTHflrs m- 
cavb aKseMiuuipoB'L, — SHaiieHHTOOTE, soropuM'B ponaHu bi oamzft so- 
poTKifi cpoKi npiBeeiE orpoMEHfl cooTOflEia. CtutnTecB-iE bh vh Ba- 
rofli noAseiniofl seirteaoft Aoponr, iAere-n bu no sanpaBieHii) m> 
XpycraABEOMy jifiOfJsj tvol npocTo fipoAEre no yAE^avi, BaMi> gtoetb 
nniB noAHETB rjiasa^ HTofiu yBE^bTB aa ciisi orpouHyx) KapTEHy: 
Ba Eefi AvenT6JrBif8E'B ci laflHCTBeEEHME riasaHE, a Ea nne^ j 
Hero orpoHEHtff qepEHt rotb. 3to — ^repoftpoHana c^oKTopi* HHKOJia>, 
xoToput vb owwb Ton'b AOcraBEJii afiTopy ero, corpyAEEKy Tit-Bits, 
Pad ByscfiE (Guy Boothby) 10 nicflqi ^ysroBi, ctojibko se, ckojibeo 
EOxyqEi'B HaHoeE'L aa CBot TpyA^r. PyccKOvy ^ETaTejno coBepmeEio 
flenoEETeH'B arorb ycnixi. DpE oanoMib BEEMaxeABEorB qxeHlE, owb 
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aeveiBflxx, to b'b rnuajiaSoEEX'B ropaxi, cb repoflME — ooHflanOyjiE- 
craME, varEETEsepatfE e np.; RaEHVB odpaaoHi TaKoft povaffB mofb 
HM^TB ycirkxi bi orpaHi, rAi nHcajH ^BKseEcrB, TeKsepefl, ^opsi^ 
djAoTh E GTeBaEcoEii. Ho pyccaoMy qETaxeiio sysEo boeoheetb, b-s 
saROHi xpyry qHTanrB 8te poHaflu. KcrAa noEBHicE ((^oaTopx He- 
KOJi[a», noiOBEBa a'^bei^ JIoEAona EasBajia cboexi kotobi EMenevB 
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BTOpoft (Tose noflBEBmiflcfl BHa^a:ii b^ Tit- Bits) — ^noAi Ee neflie 
eeEccaaioHEUMi sarjraBieMi; 4;The Beautiful Wtiite DeYil> (Ilpe- 
xecTEUft GbsoA A^EBon), sarlM'B erne e en;e. Y Byac6E oaebii koe- 
KypeETB — ^HBOci Mapifl KopeiJiE, oaeei e8x pouaaoB'B KoropoS ycepA- 
Huft poooificKift BopeBOAqEKi yse nepecaAEJTB sa aamy no^By, eon. 
He oniE6aK)CB. 

HopasETeiiBEHfi ycn'ixi Tit-Bits BtisBaAB naccy. noApasareJieE. 
B'B oAHHi roAi> EapoAEiocB 6ojiie cotee ESAaHiA, ROTopua cTaxE pa6- 
ORE RonnpOBaxB sypnajn; so Bci oeh jionajracB oaeo aa ApyrEMi. 

Ho BOTB, Ea CAOEy EBEJECfl EOBUfi TOpofi, ROTOpufi OTAE^EO nOEEJTB 

noEXOAorix) cBoero qflraTeu. Ecjra RT0-sE6yAB BaAyuaerB nHoaxB, bm^- 
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xaAEfla, MOserB bshtb bi» repoa AxB^peAa XapHcyopTa (Harmsworth), 
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fpnsjM ^axooEa e np. Oxei^ e 6paTBfl XapHcyopra aaoiAaioii* b-b. 



H81 AHTIIH. 115 

offioirL Hsrb KanHEH'B Eypo&a xa JIoHtfapAi^-erpBTi. Ohh 6oraTHe 6aH- 
Kipn. Hoio^oro AjiB^^pe^a roTOBsm wh npscni; ho vb ceundkjsjsiBab 
jAvb OFB yCisaJTB nvb mKoin h OTan peQopT^K>M'B oi saxoBameirB 
VB 31 m. 6 n. vb HexfiJCD. PojD;HTejiH TopsecTBeHHO oTBepHyiBCL otb 
6i7AHaro cHva, soTopidt HicRonKO jAvh rsLJSjjrb xamexjio penoprep- 
GsyD isjoij. Bi 8T0 BpeMfl, KaK^b 6jieoTflnvui paEera, BdJieTiAi Kb 
Bopxf Tit* Bits, 0611110181 Boiu (tieoROMrb aojiOToro aosa^- ^ osa- 
Ban yxe, ^to cothh EBxaTejiefi 6pocHjnrcL bi noroHX) sa 8ojiot£Iich 
coBOpeHaiiH; ho bo:6 ofiosrm cedi iiajai^i. Rjia^ SA&n oBoero Ai- 
jiaABHa. H Borb, OB'S hbhioh. XapMcyopn OTuno anaii cbod ny- 
6xHKy« Eicy 6ujio HSBicTHO, ^to Tit^BUs mixb yontxi BHeHHo no- 
Toky, ^0 esjn r-na Rynona ho JOofiflTB h ho nepoBapHBanrb 
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B6CB OOCTOHTB H8% KOpOTeHBKHXl <$aSTOBl», B^b TpH GTpOlKH, aH6R- 

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THTB sa Bce: eoiH ci hhhx eiy^EToa neo^acTBe na cdaftRtD (bosoch- 
noA'i), ecjSH ero EBapTnpy ho^mo o6oRpaAyTB h np. KorAa Xapvcyoprb 
otipaTHJica 00 OBOtiHt npoeRTOiTB vh HSAaTOJno, totb hoahhii ero na 
c]itxi». ToFAa HOJKOAOfi lejoBiKi, KOTopHfi BipHii wb OBofi sypHan, 
RaR^b KoiyM6^ bi cbod habd, RavHHaeTB HBAaiejiBOTBO na codcTBOH- 
HHt CTpaxi H ^epesii roAi» eiaHOBETca 6ora^eHi. TenepB ohi no- 
Jiy^aerb 140000 ^. ot. foaoboto AOxoAa. Poahtou HBAaieu, yBH- 
A'&B'B, qio Hxi (SjiyAHutt OHH'b, wb oyn^HOCTH, yM^TB Jiy^me «A^aTB 
AOHBrHi, js^wb OBM, HpHinJiH CTb HORopHofi npooB6ofl A^TB HMi> naft Vb 
acypHaJii. TaKrarb ofipaaom, ho oti^t. a CHHy npHouocB aaROJiOTB 
yiurraHHaro TOJui^a. iKypHajix Xapifcyopia HasHBaerca c Answers*. 
BoBBMy sa BHAepsRy h^crojibro ccoTaieeRi&i vksEEowb un nooJiiA- 
HHTO HOMopa. «B'b HacTOHH^ee Bpevfl vb JIoHAOHi 6ojrfte 6000 lu^o- 
RaTOBi*. «M8ii era xpoMaDn^HX'B y 85 noBpesAOHa I'i^saii Hora>. <Ca- 

Hllfi BHCORifi O^HI^ep'B B% 6pHTaHCR0fi apHlH — RanHXaH'B OOBaJIBAB 

dMCB. Oh'b ejiyaRHTb bo BTopoMB lefiCi-rBapAeftcROMi nojiRy, h pocia 
Vb mwb 6 $. 8 adAkob'bi. «Typeipull cyxraHi noiyqaerB wb jifiwb 
AOXOAa 3000 $. CT., aBOipifioRift HMnepaiopi 2 t. ^., repiiaHCRifi— 
1600 $., BTajEBHHCRii RopoJiB— 1300 $., RopoJiena BBRTopifl~-1300 $., 
RopoiB 6eju.rifloRi8— 1300 $., ^paHx^yscRift npedHAeHTB— 1000 0. gt.». 
(kEojih sacTaBHTB jLBBa H ROHflTan^Tb qT0-HH6yAB Wb npoTHBonoJioaK* 
HHfl cTopoHU, TO ROHB jiorRo . nepeiflHeTB jEBBa; HO ecjiH nocAiAHee 
aRHBOTHoe ocraHOBHTOfl E yTBepAHTOfl TaKBy qTo CHOserb nepeHecTH 
i^OHTpi TflacecTH Ha tfyoRyiu 8aAHHxi» hofb, to oho nepeiflHerb ROHfl» 
H T. A. (iedTi ROHi^a. TenepB «ADSwers» paoxoAHTCH bi ROJiH^ecxBt 
1 MHJTJuoHa aRseMHJiflpoBir. XapHcyoprb cRopo cTan HSAaTeieirL h 
Tpexi eseAHOBHuxik rasoTB jiflA Tofi se ny6jiHKH. HHTepeona hgto- 
pia nepBoft no BpeiieHH. Bi 1893 r. capi KaJiBpoAxi KoHapi ocho- 
Baai AemeByi) noiynencoByB Be^epHDV rasoTy Evening News^ Cb 
i^'&ibi) nponaraHAH cpoAH paCo^HXi, MejRHX'b JlaB0lHHR0B^ h np. 
HAeft TopHBMa. HBAareJEb 6Hjrb Topn craparo Tnna h naHBHo nojia- 

8* 



116 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

raA'B, ^TO ero raaera noflAOTB. Owb juonajTB sa Hee 20 tuoavb $. or. 
He OTaio ?fiEevb, Ha^ain HdAaBaiB vb flfixrb. B^ sopoTKifi cpoKB 
rasoTa ss^ojimaia 16 t. $. orep. HsAaiejiB pa^nb 6umi> 6u orjxjkJLVthca 
OTB raseru; ho ee hhkto He xoTtJii» 6paTL. Ho botl. Ha Gii;eHy hb- 
jifleTCfl MOJioAofi penopiepB yjraqnofi raseis <Suni> — EeHHeAH JS^ohctb. 
EaRHM'b-TO njieiTB eHj jAaioob sarjurajTB Bi EOHTopo&k khhiii Eve- 
ning NetPS^ HS'b KOTOpUTb Offb OA&ULTB BlUrfcTJUl H db HHMH HBHJICII 

SI XapMcyopiy. 

— Gkojibro a&AH1!6, eojui fl BaiTB npeAXOxy a&dlo, soropoe Kozen 
AaiB 30 T. iff. orep. bi roAi»? — naiaii ohi. 

ComjDBCB Ha nai b% npeAnpiflim TorAa KeHHSAH As^ohccb iipeA- 
jiosHJTB KjiiHTLEyeniog.NewsH npHAaiL raaeri Apyryn ^^HsioHoiciio. 
Hdj^aTen pa^i 6iu'b yorynflTB rasery sa 15 t. $. Hepesi foat* OHa 
npHHocEia Bj(Boe 6oiie Aoxo^a. Faseia o6paTHia ruBHoe BHHMame 
Ha penoprasi^, hPhtoitb, Ha nojrai^efioKift. Ea penoprepa, ero — Ha- 
oToanufi, npaBHiBHO opranHdOBanHiift OTpa^'B saMi^aidJiBHO jcobebxi 

CHUUIEOBl H CHHPI^. HySHO HHtTB Vb BH^y, ^TO aHTJiifioKie SaKOHH 

OTpamHo oypofio KapaDn sa Biopsenie vb JEaqnyn srhshb, eoxn He 
6uA0 ^KTa npecryiueHiH. B<b OEJiy axoro, penopxepairB npHXojqBrrofl 

6UTB 0C06eHH0 OOTOpOSHUHH, JIOBKHHH H npOHHI^aTeUHHlfH. KpOMi 

noj[Bi],e8oEnxrb noBicTett, Evening News AftOTB noApofiHifiniie onem 
sasAom syjiaqHoirB 6oi, o EasAoi Tpanjii Epuci, KaKi 6u soh- 
onnpaTHBHo 8Th sanpen^enHJUH yAOBOiBGTBUi hh yoTpanBaraob. Biift- 
jPiHTe BeiepoMx na nepeEpecroKi myMHuxi yjcni^ JIoHj^na. Baoi 
ocraHOBErb, HaBtpnoe, JsjiianA ipAjp> co8HABnieft» (lax^ nasHBaDn 
pasHon^HKOB'B 01 AByMfl AocsaMH o6xaBJB[eHiJl na rpy^H h na oHHHi). 
^pso-spaoHUMH rHraaiQEHMH CyEBanH na 06'BflBJieHiHX'B y HHrB Kpa- 
ejeT(^: iiCmcnlme! OcmoHoeumecbll Tapapa6yMdea!l Hoe(uino6fbdall 
Bcvb nodpoSHocmu nomnxutlh. dio BoarjiamaeTcs no6iA& 6oRcepa. 
3a Evening News XapMoyoprb ooHOBan BTopyD rasery Toro se THua 
Morning^ a noTOirb Daily Mail (vb Kai nponuaro ro^a), KOTopafl 
lepesi TpH icicflqa paoxo^HJiaoB yse bi RojiHqeoTBl 250 TUOflTB 8S- 
seiinjiflpoBi. Kor^a hbhihob bi H3o6HJiiH AOHBrH, XapMcyopiy saxo- 
TbjLocb H no^eTa. H bote, owb cHapHAHJTL noiapHyn 8K0^eA^^iD na 
setfjno $paHi^a-IooH$a (ara asoneAHipH soiptTHJia HaHceaa b'b anry- 
ort nponuaro roAa). 

TasoBU, B'b ofintHxi lepraxi, rk ABa THna HSAasifi, soTopsie co- 
SAajincb Tor^a, sorxa B'b Anmn HapoAHJiofl hobhS ^HraTejib. 

AiOHeo. 



no noBOffy noiEKHKH o js^moBowh xsxb^. 117 



Ho noBOjiy nojieMHKH onemoBOMT. xjitdt. 



Maio MosHO jKasaTb vb pyccsot nTepaiypi khhfb, noflBjrenie 
KOTopuxi Vh ewbrb BusBaio 6ji Tasyx) 67px), saKi poAaKTHpoBaHHoe 
laicH H9A&Hid no^i sarJiaBieinb «BjnflHie ypoxaeBi h v^wh xrt6a Ha 
sbKOTopHfl cTopoHH pjccKaro HapoAHaro xo8flflcTBa>, KOTOpoe yase 
SHaKOKO ^HTaTejrairB «PycGsaTO BoraTOTBa> no CTaTBmrB A. A. Ma- 
nyuOBa. KpHTH^eom cxaTLE n saiiiTRH na^ajiH uomsarhcn t^tb 
HO na Apyrot jifiMh no BEixoAt khhth h npoAOJisaDrb nanojiHaTL 
OTpaBHi(u raserb h sypnaioB^ ao HacToan^efi MHHyrH, xota oo Bpe- 
KOHH H3AaH]fl KHHTE npomxo yse ipn uioanfi. Ecu npnaTB bi 
pao^ierb^ ito ji/bjLO haotb o AByxTOMHOirb ipyAi ojraniKoin> vb 1000 
crpBmaxb HeiKoft neuiH, m Maoooft ii[fl$p'B n oraTHcnraecKHX'B la- 
6jdii^, TpyA^, OAOiiTL KOTopuft nejEerKO A&se saBanroiiy cnei^ajracry, 
TO BHHHaHie namefi nyCnKH h sypnaiHOTHKH kb DTOMy nponsBOAe- 
hId nBJifleTOfl noBCTEHi saninaTeJiBnuirB. 

HysHO csasaiB npasAy, OoiBrnHHcrso nHoaBmHTB ao chxi nop% 
no noBOAy naBBaHsaro naAaHifl omeoiHCB xfB neiiy HeApyaEejoofino, a 
MHorie jsfiMe npauo BpasA^fiHo. PisKooTB oianBOB^b HtKOTopHXB opra- 
HOBi ne^aTH no aApeoy oooraBHTOiefi ota'&ibhuxi oiaieft bi C6op- 
maA o&h yposaflxi n qftnaxB xjrt6a h oco6eHHO no flMQ>ecy ero 
pOAaKTopoBi, nepexoAHTB BoaKie Aonyosaeioie y naoB, aoboibho mn- 
poKie npoAtoa. nsAanie onopoqEBaeTCH h 8a to, tto bx hoitb nann- 
cano H vh oco6eHHOCTH sa to, ^ero Bt ebmb bobco ne HannoaHo. 
TaKoe eAHHOAyniHce HeAofiposejEaTeoETCTBo oABa A kosotb Chtb o&sy 

flCHBHO HCRIDmeJUBHO KaKHini-'J[H6o H6A0CTaTRaHH RHHrn. MaiO JIH 
BUXOAHn XHHFB QTb HeAOCTaTSaHH, H OAHaSO HflXt He rOBOpHTOfl 

ooToft AOJra Toro, ^o yse ao oex% nop% BHOKasano o noHMOHOBaHHOirL 
CfiopHHst Ha orpaHH^axi ne^aTHux'B opranoBB. Sjsjkoh aojishh 6iitb 
6oxke rjEyOoKiH npn^HBU. 

noHflieHi BspuBTi HeroAOBaHJH npoTHBi HOBaro npoHSBOAeHia 
ne^aTH, KorAa cho HAen vb paspisi oi npovo oxoxHBmBMHCii Ha- 
y^BHHH yfiisAesuiVH ejih AoporHHH cfin^ecTfieHBUifH HAeajiauH. Ki 
HBHieiiy BBAaBiD ne npsHiBBHi hh totBjHh Apyrofi noBOAi>.riaBHoe 
noJiosenie peAasTHpoBaHHoft bbkh KHHrv 3aiLi[i)?aeT0fl bi tojh, ^to 

eOppOHeBHIlfi 0eJ[BCK0X08ilRCTB6BHSft KpHBHOl, BHpasBaDntUtofl Vh 

KpaftHeut noHHxeHiH xjiiQHiix'L JslbB%^ saTporHBaen HHrepecu ho 
6oj[BniHHCTBa, a HeBBniHHCTBa pycciuix'B sejiieAiJiBqeoKHX'B xoaaftcTBB. 
Hams KpBTEEE He Moryrb nepeBapHTB aroro noJioxeHiii, He MoryrB 

nOMBpBTBCfl CB TOD HHCJBI), HTO Vb CTpant, SOTOpafl HBAaBHa C1H« 



I 
118 P7CGB0B BOrATGTBO. 

TaiaoB H jio ovTh nopi lueHyeTCfl BLwrwaufii EBponu, ase Sojblb- 
niHHCTBa xodflfioTBi HIE 6e8paai]raHB[, hie Aaxe BuroxHH HHSsbai 
i];iHu xjrfifia. 8to roonoAOTBynn^ft KOTHBib, ROTopst j^wrh ocHOBHott 
TOFB Boeft KpHTHsk Hamo TTBepi^eHie oGiaBueTos Kasoft-ro epecBi), 
BoniDinflirB HapymevieirB He toxbko ofinieiipHBHasHiirB aRdoiTB Ha- 
JBH, HO jifikMe QpooToro SApasaro CHHCJEa. A xesj^ rtMi, mto eoTB 
wb HeiTb HOBaro jwe BCHRaro ^eioBisa, osojiBKO-HH6y;i> HaqHTaHsaro 
vh darpaHEuoft h names 8KOHOMHi[ecKot jrarepaiypi^? 

nepBafl floosjaa Toro cmiiorHBica, saKiv^eHieirBKOToparo flBJULeroa 
BHineHaioxeHHiifi Te8Hci», riaovTB, ^to Kejma seiueA^^^ecKifl xo- 
sflioTBa BOo6iite Jiene nepeHOOHTB A^BJiBHie hhsritb rsfiwh^ HexeiH 
KpynHBur, a bo hhofhtl ojfjr^aflxi a&sb BHErpiiBanTB. 8to nojiose- 
Hie, B% cBon oqepe^B lors^ecRH BirreRanniee msi Toro sieHeHrap- 
Haro $aRTa, ^o wiuejs!bshnj oi ero oeKbet HysHo (rBierb no Rpafi- 

Hefi H-lpi ffOJiOBHHy TOrO Xjrt6a, ROXOpuft OWb npOHSBOSHTB cbohk^b 

jnrohoi'b Tpy^^oMi, ecTB otfmeHSBioTHafl HOTHHa, npHssaBaeiiaH h 
pasA^kifleHaii oaKUME aBTopETeTHiiME eROEOUEGraME. Cno6o6EOCTB 
MexRaro seiaeBAajr^Hifl npoTHBooTOETB RpESEoaMi 6iijui o^En vn 
BasEiftoiEX'B apryKeETOBi sa cropoEt sanmrsEROBi uenoft co6cTBeH- 
HOCTE vb GTapoiTL oEopl opaBSETensHxi npeEHyn(eoTBaxi& Rpyn- 
Earo E Meuaro seiueBiaj^Eifl e xosflftcxBa. VLbt, eobhxi broho- 

HEOTOB'B Ea 8T0ft TO^Rt SptElfl OTOflTB ly^DIlie SEBTORE OeXBCROXOBOt- 

6TBeEE£ixi» OTHomeEii, RBROBU, EaEpEMipx, Bi repMBsiE iipo$. KOE- 
pa^^, namet Tosbxs;b, ByxeEteprep'B. H hto sairiqaTeuEo, bto eo 
T0J[BR0 Teopers^eoRaa hhcib, so EafijiDAesie, Roiopoe beojoetI uojsr 
TBepsA^eTCfl seiueji^^ecREiiE o6cjcfcAOBaEiflME, npeAEpEHETiniE vb 
pasEuxx orpanaxi no^^ BJdflEieirB RpssEca. TaRi ^paEi^scRas 
aBRBTa 1879 — 80 ro^a nosasaia, tto eoa^ BJOEEien esbrex'b nlkwb 
noiosesie uejnflxi oo6oTBeEEHROBi e apeEffaTopoBi He toiero Ee 
yxyAEiHJEocB, Eo KBOne yiy^EiEJiocB, e tto bteitb yjiy^mieEieK'B ypaBso- 
BiiEflBaeTOfl E /lase nepeBiomBaeTOJi EefixaronpiaTHoe BUEEle pH- 

EO^EHX'B ROE^bDERTyp'B EOBarO BpeKOSfl HB RpyilHilXl H OpOAEEX^b 

seiueBiaA'bJiBiteBnb *). IIoao6eiui ise EadJOD^eEifl 6hjie CAiiaEiz vb 

AErjdE, RBR'B ofiCTOflTeJELHO EBJEOSBEO Bl CTBTBt F. MaEyEAOBa 

Vb npomj[oft REESRb <PyooRaro BoraTCTBa>. Hto e vb FepHaHiE 
Ea6jnDAaeToa to se caMoe, o6'b btomi hoseo oyAEtB no oBBA^TeJOb- 
cTBan KoEpa^a e ToxBi^a. TaREirb o6pa80irB nepBaa nociuRa Eama 

BHBOAETCH A^AySTEBEO ESI IipEpOAH OeAOROXOdatOTBeESarO npOMUOJia, 

noARpinJUterofl y6ixjieEieHi& nepBORJiaooEHXi BanaAHO-eBponeftoREXb 
y^Huxi» **) E noAAepaniBaeTOfl OBEAiTejucTBOiTB npaBETeiBOTBesEttX'B 
pascji^AOBaEift bo ^paEi^s e AErjDE. 



*) Keitzensteia and Nasse, Agrarische Zast&nde in Frankrelch und 
England. 90—91. 

**) Mnftnlfl steei^HX% yqenuzi JIop. DlTeftHa, EoEpaxa, Fojai^a no pai- 
CMaTpHBaeMouy sonpocy noApodno h8JE0S6HH n cTaTBi H. A. Ka(SjiyROBa b% 
Hameifi HSAaniH. T. 1. crp. 139—143. 



no nOBO^y noiEMHRH o AEmosoirB zji^bs. 119 

Biopyx) nocujncy Toro me CHUorHSiia oooiaBiaDTi oGnie- 

HSBlCTHHa HTOrB Hamofi OTanSTHEH n036iC6JIUIOfi C06OTB6HHOOTM. 

Kto ho BHaeTB Toro $aRTa, %o opeAE KpeoiKflffB EBpoueficsot 
PocciH oBoio 100 MBji. fffimrzwh seifJiH pasAixeHU MeacA7 8 
xsi noflOBHHOD HHJiiioHaKH xoBflflcTBi, TaBTB qio cpeABlft pas- 
uAyb xoBBfioTBa cooraBJuieTi Boero oroxo 12 aocjithhi na ABopi, 
H ^0 cpoAH qacTHHX'B seiueBJiaj^ijiLi^eBi qerupe naTHxrb Hiiiurb 
yiaoTRH, se npeBumaiomie 50 jifiowanBCh. IIpeoGJiaAaHie Mena* 
ro 8eiueBjia;^Hifi — ^oto ^asn, to^ho yoraHOBieHHUfi Hamen nose- 
HejEBHoi) oraTHOTHKofi H HHB'fcH'b jifi OHX'B Hopi HB OBpoBepraBimi- 
«fl. dToro Maio. Bi Hameft jiBTepaTyp*! AasHHicb a^bho, bi ooo6eH- 
HOOTH ae 00 BP6K6HB fl3BtcTH&ixib pa6oTi iipo$. HscoBa BaA'fciax'L 
E nxaxesaxiy npHsnaBajiooB, Kasi (SesciropHaa HOTBHa, oyn^eoTBOBa- 
Hie MaioseveiLB cpaAH KpecrnaiHib 6o2BinBHOTBa HaniHXii ry6epHitt. 
Ob Ttob nopx pijKBaa svEra, roBopEBmaa o BpeoTBEHarb, ptAKoe 

ESI aeMOKO-CraTHCTEieOBHX'B HdCrtAOBaHifl He npHHOCEXH HOBSTb 

noATBepasAeHift HeAOCTaTOTOooTE HaAtioBi. A bIab oxobo HaioseiceiBe 
osHB'qiaeTB TO, ^0 Ha seMejEBHoft njioiqaAH, soTopoD BJiaAi^OTB xpe- 

CTBEHHVB, HO KOBEen 6HTb AO6I1ITO AOOTaTOUO Xrt6a M,Vl yAOBIOTBO- 

peHia Hacyn^Hux'L noTpe6HocTefi ero h ero oeMBE. Y Koro He xea- 
TaerB xjrbtfa, totb He noEeoerB ero na phhocb, a ocjeh xjiICi npo- 
ABBaTBCE He 6yAeTB, saBoe a^o ero BiaA'i^ity ao xxiSnoft nima. 
Hame sauDqeHie, jroniTOCRH BHTeBaDin^ee es'b o6meH3BioTH£ix'B no- 
CUJIOK&, oaMo no ce6t, vh cboio oiepoAB, HBuercH aabho enaROMHirb 
Hamefi lErepaTypi. He oocTaBJuiJia jih anoiom A^niOBaro ixi6dk 
ofin^syD Teny pasoRasoBi h cTaieil A. H. dareJEBrapAra h jifijvBTh 
BHaTOROBTb AepoBEH E HapoAa. TaREMi o6pa30Hi, HE HaniH no- 
€iURE, HE BHBeAeHHoe HBi EHxi saRittqeHie He OOCraBUDTB 
HHHero HOBaro, Heotfu^Haro, HH^ero HAyn^aro b'b paap'teb ei 
yOisAeHuiMH o6pa30BaHHofi ^aoTE Hamero ofimeoiBa. Hama RHHra 
«0TB wb cyniHOCTH, eoxH xoTETO, HH^o EHoe^ RaRi ^p'Myjn- 

pOBRa Vb HOBHXl TepKHEaXl'H HJUDOTpaqlfl Ha HOBUTB ^aRiaxB 

exaparo, ac^bho SHaRoiiaro.BciirB HBieHia pyccRaro RpeoTBHHORaro 
Jiaio3eKeiBfl« 

OTvero se, OAHaao, RHara BUSBau TaRyD secTORyD onnoBH^iD? 
Hei nosBOuejnb 6e6i oCihchhtb btotb $aRTB t&vb npes:(e Boero 
o6cT0iiTejQiCTB0H'b, vro RHHra nonajui npoTHBi hjkooibrhxi ceibhhxil 
Teienit bi nameft o6niecTBeHHoll seshh. He noAxeaoirb ooHsbHin, 
510 Ajfl SHauTejiBHOft rpynnH Hamnxi ooibgrexi xoshobi, npoESBO- 
As^^lx^ tA&b jsabl puHsa, hhbrui h^mu hbihdtch 6lA0TBierB. Bnoi- 
sA eoreoTBeHHO, hto dra rpynna, CEiBHaa cBOEirb noioxenlevB bi^ 
ofinieoTBft, BonieTB o noMon^E, e no ofimEOuy kb hoaoGheixi CJiyna* 
41X1 yBJie^eEii) orpeMETOE npeAeraBHTB cboh HErepeeii otimsMH hh- 
^epeoBMH Bcero pyooaaro napoAa. Xoia bi Hamefi REEri iHSRoe no- 
aoseHie RpynHiixi h opeAHHXi WMzeBxtBLfifahUfiVh o6pEOOBaHO vh 
jipRExi RpacRax^, ho im nanixH vb Poocin eHanreiBHoe ncio 



120 P7CCR0E BOriTCTBO. 

zosflftcTB'b, KOTopHiTB noHHseiiie Jx^kwb npHvocHTb nonpaBKj, e 9Toro 
jTKe 6ujio AOBoiLHO A^s Toro, qioSii wb ssb^oteeix'b Kpyraxi h opra* 
Haxi ne^TH Hame ESciij^oBame 6iu[o aaKieiiceHo, saRi noxoA^ 
npoTHB'B KpynHaro seueBJiEaA'i^Hifl. IIpoTrnTe Bj^oxBOBeHS&ni THpaAd 
no 8TOV7 npej^neTj xots 611 bi opraffi r. rpHHrnyTa, n bsi 766^8- 
TecB, TTO TaKoe o6iflCseBie Hirfien Ha CBoefi cTopoHi SHa^HTeiBsyx^ 
AOJTD npaBAonoAo6iH. 

KpafiiHocTH Gxo;^flTGB. OEasuBaercfl, miGraiH nonepen AoporaHe 
lojffiKo rtiTB, "Jhn mrrepecH b;^oxhobmi)tb rr. rpHHmyTa'HK^., ho h 
jaofjBWb coBoiiTB H8B APTToro JEarepfl. VL bi raserHOt nojieicBKt h vb 

HpOHUIX'B, npOHOXOAHBniHX^ Bl BOJIBHOITB dKOHOMBqeCROMTb 06iaeGTBi^ 

HaiTB npHHHCUBaiocL crpeMjreHie saBpacHTB cyn^eoTBynn^ jo ;^Ugtbh- 
T8IBH0CTE, AOKasaiB, tto Poccin 6iaroAeHCTByeTL h a&zo HenpepiiBHO 
noABHraercA BnepoA'B no nyTH tfiaroAeHOTBia. 

nocMOTpETe, HaapBHipir, wb raseTHUXt pe^epaTaxt npeHisx^ vh 
BojiBHOHi dEOHOMH^ecKOiTB 06ii^ecTBi, 01 RaEHiTb sapoiTb noju^epxH- 
BauTL 8Ty MUGiB vb sactAaHiflxi 1 E 2 Mapia iipo$. HcaeBi n 
npo$. XoACKii. H totb, h ;Q>yroft opaTopu He tojilro npssHaBaiH sa 
HeoonopflHHit ^aBTB, ^xo Hame ss/^aHie HairtpeHHO nojcmHyro no^-b 
onpejribieHHyx) noxHTHiecKyD TeHAeHi^io; ho jifixa, ornpaBJuuioB otb 
BToro ^aKTa, nodBouiH Ge6i HopajuHSEpOBaTL no Hameny axpecy to 

Bl $0pir& [rpOBHOfi ^HJIEHdHKE, TO HO^B JUmHOlt CHEXOAETeJKBHarO 

Ao6pOAyiniJB[. SaMiiaTOJiBHO, OAHaKO, ^o hekto v^b roBopsBinHXi h 
nHoaBmExi ho saAajrca ukiojibx) npoBipsTB oe6fl, ho noTpyAEJUoa nps- 

BOOTH MiCXa Edli Hamoft KHSrE, Vb KOTOpUXB A'&fiOIBHTeiBHO yTBop- 

SA&^ocB 6u, ^TO Pocciii npoipixaeTB, a TiH'B 6ojAe^ mo 6j[arooocTOfl- 

Hie Oil pOCTOTB. 

EciH 6h mu nosoJiajiH ooitHETB cTenoHB (SiarooooroHHin orpaHK 
HAH pimHTB Bonpoci TOKB, yjJEy^maeTCH uh yxyAmaeicH nojiosema 
Hapo^a, MU AOJnsHH QiubCu npsBjire^ Apyrie Maiepiajiu e ynorpe- 
6htb APyi'ie npieMN. Saxa'qia namero xpy^a tnaa TeoperHqecEafl: 
xyAa HIE xopoma nama KHEra, ho ohb ho nojcHTHqeoKift naH^ierB 
H He BiAOMCTBeHHUft AOKiBAB; rjaBEaa njksb efl 6iua pasofipaTBCH b^ 
Bonpoeif KaKoe Biiflsie na pasu^Hue cjioh pyecKaro nacejieHUi h na 
pasiHqHUH cTopoHH pyecKaro napoAHaro xosaficTBa oKasHBaDTB nepe- 
MiHU B'B ypOBHi yposaoBi E jsikwb xiMdk. 

He HH'Ifl npflMUX'B yKasamft o toitb, KaRyn emoeso nomsqecRjKy 
TeHAeH^iK) MH npoBOAHMii, a MexAT tIhi bo hto6u to ee cTaio xeiaa 
AORasaTB ea npEcyrcTBie, Hamn rpetere BHEyvA^Hii 6hjui ^EratB b^ 
Aymi. Ho xyTB to e oRasajiaoB bce TpyAHocTB aroro ynpaacEeniH. 
HaMi npEnflCHBaiacB mhcjib, 6yAro mu bb sesrexi ^isax^ HaxoAHMi^ 
naEai];eK) otb bc^x'b dROSOME^ecREX'B sojtBi bi BEAy ROTopofi oraEO- 
BETOfl soHysEUME HBRaRlfl APF^^ M^pu. HaMi craBHJtE wb yRopi^ 
^no, npEBsaBaH fiiaronpiflTaoe BsiaHie hhsrexx n^iwb Ha pasHua oto- 

POEU EapOAHOfi SH8HE,MU nOAA6pXEBaeMl O^BI^aiBSlUfi BSFAEA^ 0" 

HOCTeneHHOM'B poci*]^ fiiarococTOflEiii PccciH. Ho Bci 8te e noAO(!Eua 



no noBO^y uojievhrh o AEinoBOji'B u%b«. 12I 

JTB&pXJlfinVBi OOBepmeRHO npOHSBOJIBHII. J(0Ka3UB(i'Cb, VrO HHSSifl I^tHU 

HHinrb T8BAeHi^i]o AificTBOBaTB (SjiaronpiflTHO Ha xy hjdih BHyio cro- 
poHj HapoAHaro xosflficTBa, eme He BHaiHTB npHanaBaTB hh Toro, qio 

HapOAHOe XOSflflCTBO HaXOAHTCfl Vb OTJUIHOITB COQTOflfiiH, HH TOrO^ ^0 

OHO RjiefTh BnepeA%. Kor^a cTaiHCTHKi Bejia BeScrB bi» HSBioTHoirB 
ero co^BBefliH KOHctaTHpoBajTB BJEianie A6nieBH8HH xji'b6a na noHHse- 

Bie CMepXHOCTH, BpHXOAHJIO JIH KOMJ Vh rOJIOBJ BHBOAHTL H3T» 8T0r0, ^TO 

0Hi» cHBiaerb vh' H3CjrbA0BaHHHX'B hitb orpa^axB CMepTHocTB hhskoi) 
HAH noBBsann^eiocfl? Hh Haxo. noHHseme CMepxHocTH npn AemoBHSHi 
xxb6a ofiHapysBJiocB OAHHaxoBO h bi cTpanaxi ci bucokoA h bi crpa- 
Haxi* c^ HB3Kott oHepiHOCTBH), H TaHi TA^ oMepTHOCTb Bpo6n;e nOBU- 
maercff, h xaMi rA% oHa noHHsaeTc^. Tose HysHO cKasaiB o nameHX 
Bonpoci. BjiaronpiflTHoe BjniHHie HnaxHxrb js^wb xji-btia coBHioTHUO h 
erh bhgoshh^, h orb bbskhhi, h oi> noBiunaDO^HHCfl, h c% bohh* 
aKaDHiHMCfl ypoBHeiTB tfjiarooooTOHHiH. npHUHCUBaTB Haifby na ooHOBaniH 
HaniHX'B BsrjiHAOB'B xji[i6HBrx'B l^HarL, Kasyio-TO npoABsaTyi) ohth- 
MHOTBHecKyx) TeHA6H^i]D, a rincb fiojiie a^atb naoi OTBiTOTBeHHUMH 
sa onTHMHSH'B ApyrHxx j[hb;i, — sna^HTB Bnt^axB b'b jiorH^ecKyi) omH6Ey. 
HeBipHoe ooB^menie Hamero hba^hIh i^BtTOiTB to toA, to APjroft 
nojoiTH^eoKOfi nporpanMU aBJUneTCfl OABa-jH ho rjiaBHOi) hphihhod 

CrpaCTHOfl nOAOMHRH npOTHBt HOfl. HSl 8T0r0 HOTOUHBa BiiTeKaerB 

sexaHie bo ^o 6ii to hh craio onopouTB sHHry, xoth 6h a^h btofo 
npnxoAHJiocB nenpaBHiBHO HOTOuoBiiBaTB, noArarHBaTB n Aase npatf o 

eOHHHHTB $aKT£I, K10HfllI](ieCH Kb OfiBHHeHlK) HpOTHBHHRa. ClIOpi HQ 

noBOAy Hameft khhth npeACTaBJueTL ne iiajio 21060 huthuxi npHMi- 
poB% AiA HJUDorpaipH BTEVb HOHXojiorH^ecKHX'B ^opTL nHfliyn^aro ^e- 
jiOBiEa. 

npo$. HoaoB'B, AM AOEasaTeJiiBCTBa HpHcyn^efl 6yATO-6B[ najTB toh- 
AOHipH pacKpacHTB coBpeMOHHoe noAoseHie PocciH, H BiycTHUx'B npe- 
Hiflxi, H Vb ne^aTHUXi oTatMix'b ooEuajEcs Ha name jKasaHie o6'b 
yBeJiH^HBHieucfl noTpefijieHiH onnpTa wb 1893 h 1894 roAaxx. ^tt- 
CTBHTeiBHo, B% 8TH roA^, OTjmiaBmieofl xopomnirb yposaeiTB n hhskehh 
qbHaMH xjii6a, BHOHBaiocB BHHa 6oxBme, ^jtbb'b npexiHeciBynntie foah 
rojiOAa H AoporoBHSHu; ho r. HcaoBi otfiflomiJii btotb pooTb HorpeS- 
jieBUi HO Tbwb^ ^TO HaceJieHix) shjiocl sene, a xiifBy ^rro noAeme- 
Bixx cnnpTB — srb 1893 roAy na 22^|o, a Wb 1894 roAy na 38%, 
BCJKtACTBie qero naceJieHie, noTpe&sHH HtcROJiBKO fiojame BHHa, xpa- 
THjio Ha Hero MeHBme, neseiHBi 1892 roAy. SEbOJiafl oQesneiHTb oe6t 
TopsecTBOy a npoTHBHHKaiTB flopaseme, r. HcaeBi yifojuan toitb, 
^0 jn> i^Hi BHHa, noTpe62fleicaro naoejieHiejnb, riaBHyi) poja Hrpaen 
He oaMufi OHHpTL, a asi^Hei na nero: aKi^iai se cb 1 A^BaSpfl 
1892 roAa 6hjii> noBiimeHi crb 934 AO 10 koh. Ha rpaAyoi, Tasx 
^ao Vb 1893 H 1894 roAy, He OMOxpfl na noHHsenie ptiHonoft i^hh 
cHHpTa, HaoejieHiD npnxoAHiocB njEaTHTB sa noBynaoMoe hm'b bhho 
HU cTonRo se, oboabbo oho njiaxHjm paHBme, hah jifiMe Aopose 
TOTo. EeJiH 6h Tasoe yMonanie 6wio npHHtneHO saypHAHUMi j^raaer- 



122 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

HmrL pa6oTHHROirb, vu odiACHHra 6u ero npocTsnrb HeAOCMOTpou'B, ho 
B'B ycTax'L onei^iajiHOTa no ^HHaHGaic^ oho SHajceHyoT'b cnei^H^H^ecRyD 
noj^Rpacsy ^aKxoBi. Totb se npoj). Hcaes'B, ^rroCa onpoBeprHjTb 
Hamj ccfiURy Ha cpaBHETeuHo saroAHoe npn fiaorofln^eifb xjA6Bom 
RpHSHci nojBioxeHie Taknii xo3flftcTBT», ROTopuii nepeinJiH Kh oneqi- 

aSbHUlTB RyjIBTypaiTb, paBHO RaBl» RX OROTOBOAOlby H OBI^eBOJ^OTBy, 

OTMiHaeTi TOTB $aRTB, ^TO npH HacToanneifB RpiSHoi noAemoBtrb 

HO OAHHl TOSBRO XSlfiX, a TaRSB CKipi, mopOTB, OnopTB H Hp. Ho 

roBopfl yse o toitb, ^o noHHsenie B&brh njbwb Ha Ha3BaHHue npo- 
A7RTU, paBHHDU^eecH 2^/o, 5Vo, 6%, ooBepmeHHO hhtfosho no opas- 
nemso cb o6e3it'6HeHieMi> xjii6a Ha 24% — 339(» r. HcaOBB no«ieicy-TO 

C^eJTB HySBHUirB ORpUTB, HTO 8a TO S6 BpeHfl (TB 1890 HO 1895 TOffb 
HOAHflUeB H^Ehl HlCROJjrBRHXB npO^yRTOVL, OTHOOfln^HXCfl R'B BHflie- 
OBHaiOHHUHB OTpaCJTHM'B CeiBCRO-XOSHiCTSeHHOfi npOMUmieHHOOTH, 

HireHHo jiBHa — na 6,4%, HOiRaro CROxa — na 5,47o Macxa ropobbhto — 
Ha 6,3%, caia — na 9^/o. Ohhtb yMOiqanie OABa-JU 6e8i^BHoe. 
FaseTa «Hobogth», zejiafl oCihwtb namero coTpyAHHRa, r. Ma- 

peOOa, BX HOATaOOBRt ^aRIOBB CB TOHAOHI^iOSHiUCH I^flKH, ccujiaeToa 

Ha orpoMHyn pasHHi^, 6yjrro 611 oyn^ecTBynn^yx) Hes^y o^tHRoft na- 
poAHaro noTp66ieHifl bi oahoA hs'b npesHHXi ero paCon h bi h»- 
cTOflOieirB E3j(aHiH. T. Mapecci, aBTopi AORU^a HooROBCROMy npH- 
AHiecRoify o6ii(eoTBy bi 1893 roAy* 6yAT0 621 yTBepsA^^irB) ^0 «pyo- 
ORiS o6fiiBaTej[B icTB 12,4 nyx. xri6a bt* TOjipi h, ava^HTB, xpOHH- 

HecSH HO A0tAA6TB», a TOTB SO MapOCCB «CAiiaBmBQB COTpyAHHROITB 

HHHHcxepcTBa (|^HHaHcoBi», wb 1897 FO^y AORasHBaoTB^ TTO noxpoS- 
j[6Hie HapoAa npooTHpaeroa ao 21,5 nyAOBi h «Heo2RBAaHHo pHcyen, 
TaRHiTB o6pa30Hi, RapTHHy HsSuTRa HHTaHiH, eciH He o6sopoTBa>. 
?T0 HosexB 6ktb, noBHAflMoHy, flp^e h cEiBHie TaRoro otfBHHeHifl? 
A vesAy r^wb oho oRaBiiBaeroH cnjomHofi noATaooBROi. F. Mapeoci 
BB 1893 roAy B'h i^H^pi noTpe6ieHiH fiHniBajE'B tojibro npoAOBOJiB* 
cTBeHHufi xii6B, (npH^oMi cpeAHflfl Ha jsjmj noj^qajncB 12,7 nyA., 
a He 12,4), HO HHqero He roBopHn o&b oBoi, TOrAa RaRi m> 
1897 roAy OHi BBOAHTB vb AH^py noTpe6j[eH]A RpeoTBHHCRHXB oenet 
H OBecB, a 8T0 cocTaBifleTB pasHBity bi 3,6 nyAa, TaRi ^to norpeS- 
jieHie 1893 roAa Hocjii eroft nonpaBRH aojqrho 6utb oi^hoho vh 16,3 
nyAOBi Ha Ay my. ?to Racaeros ao 1897 roAa, to MapeooB HHTAi 
He AAon i^H^pu Bii 21,5 nyAOB^: nanpoTHBi, nsiero i^H^pB bhxo- 
AHTB opeAHee noTpefiienie na gjutj vb 17,4 nyAa. «fl yAHBUDOB 
BeiHROAyniii) «HoBOOTet» — ^HEmeTB r. MapeoorB no aioHy noBOAy vh 
cPycoRHxi BiAouooTflXB» (}i 87),^9TO oKb oAHy i^H^py yneHBrnanTB 
Bcero Ha 3,9 nyAa, a Apyryn yBOiH^BaDrB na 4,1 nyAfB. Hitb hh- 
HTO He MimaAo oAny i^^py yHeHBnnrrB na 6 hah na 10 nyAOBi, a 
Apyryio yBOJiH^HTB na 8 uh na 12 nyAOB%. TorAa oni noxy^HiH te 
CTaxBCTH^ORyK) norpiniHocTB wb 200% hie bb 300% ». 

Ooo6eEHo j[X)6onHTHHe npHirilpii (iesi^epeifOHHaro oCpan^eniH cb 
^aRTRHB CB i^D AOEaeaxejEBCTBa npoABBHToft MHon npeAOiaBiflen 



no nOBO^I^ nOJDSMHKH ABniOBOlTB ZJIlBft. 123 

noiaHHRa <Mooeoborhx'b BiAOKOCTefi». 3x£ob nojfcraooBSH h nepe- 

XepXSH AOXOAflTB JiP paSMipOB'B nOHCTHHi rpaHi(i08HHI'L. ^To6u 06- 

BHHHTB HamBX-B ooTpyAHiKOBi Bi» rpy6im npoTHBopi^x'B, a Ha(rB, 
peAaiCTopoB'B, b'b csan^HT^ npeABSfliHX'B BHMuniJieHHiix'B noiosemfii, 
ra3i8Ta uphboahtb, HanpHuip'B, ciiATDn^ee: «t. II]^ep6iiHa, nHmyn ^Mo- 

OBOBCKlfl BftAOUOOTH», BOqEOJEflBTB eTOHHOCTb OpeAHAFO 8a IlflTKJr&Tie 

HTb 1S83 Qo 1887 ro;^ ^CTaro c6opa psH bi 231.701.593 pyfijifl, 
a r. FpHropBeBi onpoAiifleTB otohmootb loro aid c6opa psH bi 
409.618.300 py6jieft bjih Biune Ha 76%». 9to oCxB^eHie noKasaioob 

CMOCKOBCKHITB BiffOI[O0Tflirb> HaOTOXBRO yfiiAHTeXBHHirb, TTO OHi 

oo^m sa 6j[aro noBTopHTb ero bi sauDuieuHux'B HToraxi oBoeS 
nojieioiKH. OEasuBaeToa iiesAy i^mii na js^y ^ro 8;^ol hhtto hho6, 
KaKi CHimHafl h HeioBKaa nepe^iepsKa. T. II]|ep6HHa roBopHTi bi 
npsBdAeHHOiTL uiorb o c6opi psH na Kpecmtmcicuxb senmi, a r. 
FpHropBeBi ua ecvhxb seiuiflx^, KOKb KpeemhjmcKuxhy maKh u HacmHO' 
BJHidfbAhHecKuxi. HiTB HH^ro ]iy;Q)eHaro, ^to i^$pu» oTHOoan^ifloa 
Kh j^ByiTB paBiH^tHHicE iipeAM6Tairb, OKasajniOB HecoBnaAaiDn^HMH, h hto 
itfeioe Bumjio 6ojiBina wcth. Ho btofo xaio. Hto6ii emte ap^e bki- 
cTaBHTb npoTEBopiqie i^h^^fb y j^Byxi HSCJiiAOBaieaEeft, «MocROBCKifl 

BiA0U0CTH> BVnJLE BO BfOpofi paSB BB nOKaaaHIH OAHOrO HSB HHXI| 

r. II(6p6HHu, civeHa, yse paHie Hcun^eHEHfl caifHifB ascjiiAOBa- 
njiewb: xaKnirB nyxeirB noiy^HiacB ipi^pa bb 231.701.593 py6u, 
BHicTo 329.201.932 pyfijiefi, A^eTBErexBHO noKa8aHHUX*B y r. Il^ep- 
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nouaoBaHie MaTepiaiavB, cMocROBCRifl BiA0MO0TH» oiuitb BErmraDTB 
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noTOMy HTO opca hsb hhxb saoaerca o6opa uAioB^b KpeorBSHaicH Ha 
Bcixi* o6pa6aT£[BaeMnx'B sexiflXBy koki nadthAhHuxi^ maia u open- 
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HHX'B opraHOBX neun. npieiiaxi SToro po^a mhofo roBopHTb He 
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BaHfii Ha HeAopaayictHiH, na HesenniH hju neyiciHBH BHHRHyrB 
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xii6a. Ki p&neHix) bto& saAav mi no^xopum nocteiieHHO. HapoA- 
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npixi o6jiacTb bbosh; Hao6opoTB, soHHseHle xj[t6H0fi i^tan jBenvH- 
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H 0C060 pascMOTp&ra KTb HHTepecu, Kasi npoHaBOABiejiefl h noipe- 
Onreiefi xrl6a. YierE arnxx HHTepecoBi 6hji'b npoHSBeAOHi Haim 
npexA^ Bcero no ryeepHiflMi. Ho ^ npoA^arb Kas^ofi ryCepniH h 
xasAaro yia^a Horyrb saxoAHTBCfl specrBflHe h ci AocraTQ^HiiirB, h 
crb HHiTosBHH'B Hc^iioirB: nepBKe nai hexi, o^obhaho, fiyAJTi HKa^e 
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fioABmafl ^aoTB, iioryni^aH upoh8boahtb aepHo Ha npoxaay. jlaniB aia 
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otbIthjivh Ha Bonpoci: hbh BHTepecBi aaTporEBanTOfl KOiefiaHifliCH xii6« 
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MosHO 6HJI0 fin noflTH AaJCbme vb aHauai; Hoano 6wlo 6u 
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HOBHaBeBiH ji/bssL Ha uASrh, Ho mh ne nooraBHU oefit laKOro bo- 



no noBOAF nouMUKH o AsniOBOirB xji^bb. 125 

npooa no x«jwh oeHOBaflLurB. Bo nepBHTB, mh cqarain icaxo cyn^e- 
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na€Ma/%o XMh6a. Mosho jih, vh cavon ;ckit, ci to^kh api^nifl 8ko* 
HOMiH Qijuaro Hapo^a, coH3MtpaTB bhtoau oahofo Kpynnaro xosflftcTBa, 
npoflaDn^aro oothh tuca^'b njAOB^b sepna n BEorpuBanni^aro npn nox- 
HflTin j^iHi ui6a AeoflTKH TUGa^<B pjtSiefi, (vl noTepflMH h^okojib- 
KHXi THOfl^TB xosfltoTBi, noRynaDn^rB xAffb nyxavz h lepfinn^iix'B 
nps BSAoposamn xjr66a umiB py&iH h ^aze aoih py&iefi. Conocra- 
BJUTB H OaianonpoBaTB btb BeiH^HHH — SHaquo fin sadiisaiB ^eso- 
Btea HSi 8a TOBapa. jd^pyrnirB ockoBamen nocjiryxHio ji;ul naoi ne- 
HMiHie AOCTaTouo HaAesHHXi KaTopiaiOBi o6i yposaflX'B na ^acTHO- 
BxgA'^^eoRnxi seHiflxi h o nepoBOSRax'B xj[i6a, b% ocotfeHHOon ry- 
seBfiai. yKioHHBniHCB no bthitb npHiraairB otb noApo6Haro pas- 
OMOipiBia BiimeyRasaHHaro Bonpooa, mki orpasinuncB raniB KpaTKHMH 
yKaaamfliai. TaKi icaKi vb Hamefi orpani ihoiohho npeoeia^aoTB 
xeiKoe RpecTBflHCKoe xosaIiotbo,^ h TaRi Rarb rpynna RpecTBim, mA- 
iLJBfa. H8611TRH, npexcraBAflerofl neuHoro^HOjieHHOfi, to hu ecTecTBOBmo 
cAiiaiH BUBOAi, TTO na punoKi nocrynaerB jhuib MeHBinafl aom ypo- 
xafl, 6aiBnrafl se ^aoTB c6opa norpeCuercfl Vh rbxi eamixi xosait- 
ctBaxi, Vh KaRBXi H npoHSBOAHTCfl. MejiBROin* KU npoBipffJiEH 8T0 sa- 
RJnoqenie. Bo BBeA^Hui hu noRasaiH, ^to b'b yposaftniie roAU oyioia 
xai^HHX'B H86uTR0Bi, 8a noRpiiTiei&'B noTpe6EOCTeft ceiBCRaro naoe- 
Jiejijfl, cooraBxaeTB Boero orojeo Tpexn yposaa; vb cpeAHift ro2(i oho 
naAaoTB %m» HiaKe. Ha cip. 63 h 54 t. I 6hjio BHaoseHO, ^rro Bci 
noTpe6HocTn pHHRa noRpHBanrcdi vh nameft orpaai oahvms tojebro 
^lacTHOBJiaj^tABqeoKniiE xoaaftcTBaicH a^ xoBflflOTBaiiH He6ojn»mot 8a- 
siTonott rpynnu RpaoiBflHi. IIo 46 ryeepnuuTB EftponeicRoft PocoiH 
nepsHo nyoRauTB bi> npo^aiKy orojio 300 meji. nyj^., BTopue oroio 
209 MHJ[. nyAOBi. 8th ase 500 vhje. nyAOBi, cocraBianniie oroho 
86% uoTaro c6opa xjil6a no 46 rydepniflMi, nonaAU>TB bi nepoBosRy 
no saiiBHUH'B AoponufB, BOAHmrB njTflirB h ryseiTB. Bojrte noApo6- 
Haro y^oTa mu nnrAi ne A^eiTB. 

YRasaHHuft npotiin, coBHaTOJEBHo cAiiaHHHi Ham no BumeiisJio- 
seHHHH'B npHUHaMi, noqeny-To nosejiajra boohojihhtb noBpeHeRHua 
HBAaHiH, onlmHBmiH noaHaROHHTb qaraTejiefi crs HamnKH ndoiiAona- 
HiflHH («MocROBORm BiAOicocTH>, <KieBmHHHi», <Hobocih> h apO* 
He HaxoAH y naoi A^TajiBHaro HBHaro y^oTa RomeoTBa noorynaio- 
nuux) Ha puHORisepna, ohh nonpo6oBaiH caMH a^tb 8TH yqerni 8a- 
nyTamoB m> hbxi, npHnm ri ooBopmeHHo Heooo6pa8Hiun> BUBOAairB 
h 6e8i^epeicOHHo npHnHcaJui bth bhboah HaHi>. Hpn btohi ofinapyxH- 
looB, HTO BOBpasaTOJiH HO B^HTaiHOB 6i> HamH paCoTH, ne pa8o6paiH 
jivh ocHOBaHifi, ROTopiia noojrysHn HairB au y^era rpynnB nace- 
xeHifl, saHHTepecoBaHBHX'B vh Roaedamnxi is^Vh. TaRi, He 6un no- 
JBTEi yoranoBJteHHHH vb HSOiiAOBaHiH uopMu nompeSAeMM h t& iiiin, 
paAH ROTopHxi OHi npHMlmuHCB: nompeSHOcmu vb xjrt6i duAU CMfk- 
uuMu ch dfbUcmeumeobHUMz nampeffAeHieMi^ xoth 8th ABa hohhtui fb 



126 PyCGSOE BOrATGTBO. 

BsciiAOBaHiH orporo. paBrpaHEUBaxmuL HaMH 6hjio noKasasOi nanp., 
HTO jUfl npaBUMaro npejMTttuesifl o HopKauKOiTB oipoi pjooKaro 
KpeoTBAHosaro xoBflioTBa, HysHO mwciflTb norpebnocTB Kp6CTi>jU'b vb 
sepsi wh 26,5 nyAOBi jia KSmj (18 hjaobi Ha npoAOBOJCLcr^e, 1 
njA^B Ha noMOfB h 7^5 hja. Ha Kopn cxory). OAHaso, specruoie b'e 
rpoMaAHOHt 6ojamHHGTBi cxy^iaeBi^ ne HicbDTb bobkoshooth jAOBxe- 
TBopHTB esoHirB nOTpe6HOCTii]ii> B% TasoiTb pasMipi: hsi Bcix'B 50 
176. KpecTBHHCTBO paoHoxaraen A^flcTBHTejiBHUHx HSjraniROH'b au 
c6HTa Toiuo Bi 6 rydepHiflX'B, vb ocraiBHUX'B-xe nan toabko nospH- 
BaeTB CBOH norpefiHooTH, npoAOBOJOotBeHHHfl h kopmobmh, hjih toxbko 
qro o6e8ne?nBaeTca bi obohxi npoAOBOJOiCTBeHHux^ Hyx;(axi, hih 
^aseH Bi BTHxi flya^axi He ofiesaeiBBaerofl. 

MexAT rbMi raBeiu noHajiH HaniH pao^exu vb toitb omhoiI, OyAVO 
specTEHEe AMcTBHieiBHo noTpefijUDTB noBciDxy no 26,5 ujjs,owh 
xjiifia Ha xyiny, h, hcxoah hbi 8T0i jioshoA, bobco He upHHiwexa- 
meft HaHi MuoiH, o6pyHiHj[oc& na nabi n o6BHHeHiflUH, 6yAT0 hel 
He CBejEH soHAOBi ci> soHi^aMa H upBmjiH Ri> HBHinrB Heooo6pa3HO- 
ctaHii. 

«KieBiflBflHi> HaxoAHTB HamH pacneTu cnopasHTexBHSKH^ onpo- 
KHAUBaDiiuiMH B<rb cjcoaoiBmiaGa DpeAoraBJieHiH seiueAi^b^eoBoft 
PoociH>. cBi 44 ry6epHiflr& specrBflHaHi* ne xBaTaerb Boero npo- 
HBBOAHMaro Ha gbohxx apeHAOBaHHux'B seKauxii xj(i6a a^h cofioTBeH- 

HUXT* HySA*!* H TOJCBSO 6 ry6epHil COCTaBJUODTB CqaflTJLHBOe hcexd- 

^enie. KaKoe orpoHHoe kojh^octbo xjii6a ao^sho noEynaTB name 
BpecnaHOTBO h fa^ oho nosyaaoTB btotl xjii6i>?)) 

«Ec2H npHHflTB Hopiiy AynreBoro noTpefijieHiA vb 26V2 i^TA*, — 
roBopBTi «KieBiiiHHHi», TO A^fl cexBCRaro HacOdieHifl norpefioBaiooB 
6ii 2040 MHJE. nyA. Bee xe noTpe6x6Hie xjii6a ropoACRHMi (no 18 hja-) 
E cejiBOREVB EaceieEiflH^ BupaBHxocL 6bi 2247 mhji. nyA. xxt6a/ 
He c^BTafl npoRopiueHbi AouamHHX'L shbdthux'b b% ropoAax'B, aoo- 
CapaJiocB ero 1696 mhj[. nyA. EseroAHaa HOAOOTa^a A^a PocoiH xjii6a 
paBHfljiaGB TaRBMi o6pa80]rb, no pao^eiy rr. ^ynpoBa h IIocHHROBa, 
551 UEji. nyAOBi, a uu bubobemii ero BarpaHHi^ eseroAHO 300 — 
400 MHJi. nyA.». 

K% neiiy 8Ta TspaAa? Mu HHrAt hh oahhitb ojeoboitb ne oOmoi- 
BEJiBCB, qro ceiBCRoe Hacexenio, A'^ficxBHTexBHO, noTpeduerB no 26,5 
nyAOBii. HanpoTHBi, mki CRasaxH, ^no noTpeSxenie wb cexBCROifB Ha- 
cejiOBiE xoxeOxeTCH vb mspoRBXi npeA'i^Jiax'b, noAHHHaiicB vb saaRH- 
Toqsfiix'B rpynnaxi ao 26,5 nyAOBi>, bi HeAOOTaTo^HBix'B xe onyoRaaeb 
ABxe AO 12 nyAOBi. PoAaRTOpy «KieBxaHEHa» npocto ho yroAHO 6uMr 
BUTBTBCfl Bi Hamy pa6oTy, h boob pac^oTL, naA^ ROTopuirB oh 
ynpasHflerB A^nieBoe ocipoyide, eoTB he^to ehoo, RaR'B nxoAi^ co( 
cTBeHHofl ero Aocyseft ^aHTaeiE. 

€HoBOCTfl» noBTopanrL onnsSRy cKieBxaHEHai. IIpEnHoaBnui Hav 
saRxio^eBiH, RoropHxi y Hacx tfbrb n fiBiTB ne Horxo, wto KpeeiBflH< 
nOTpe6juiiDTB no 26,5 nyA. xjii6a na Ajmy, raseia, EOHe^so, hoao 



no noBOAy noJiEUHKn o ABmosoM'B ui^ht. 127 

ciETHBaerofl SHa^HieJi&Hux'B sanacoB^b xiiSa Vb erpaHi h pimaerE, 
nso mi o6peKae]rB ropoAOKoe Haceienie, jifiSL norpeiSHooTeft Koxoparo 
Tpe^iyeiofl bo MeHie 200 — 250 m. ny^., h ^aoiB cejnicsaro Ha rojioA- 

HJl) CMepTB. iMh TOJllAtO OUpoCHlTb, — rOBOpflTB fHOBOOTH*,— COOTa- 

BHiejiett SHHin: oTKyAa ase (Seperca xzi6i>^ noKynaeiuiA ne tojuko 
lopoAOKHiTB HacejiemeirB, ho h rpoiiaAHiiM'B 6oiBnniHOTBOMii oaHHxii 
npoHSBOABtejiefi xjii6a? KasHicB ofipaaoifB Poccia HaxoAHTB en^e jjA6b 
VOL 8KonopTa». 

Ha Towh ase caicoMi safijuyacAeHiH cii ynoperBOM^ ctohti h «Mo- 
esoBOsifl B'i^AOicocTH». nojiii8yflc& HamflMi yftasaHieiii, ^to GiAHM- 
mefi rpynni specTiflH'B ne XBaTaen okojio 200 mhji. ny^., rasera 
saxjin^aerB, ^o sia rpyona HeopeuiHEO iioKynaerb 8th HeAocTan- 
n^e 200 MHjTiioHOB'b ny^., EOTopue npo^aDTcii, ROHe^Ho, KpecTLaHaiiH 
xe, H ^0, no8TOMy, KpecnaHe en^e 6oAi6 saBHTepecoBaHii vh bu- 
cosHXi i^iHaxi xsM^y Hosem Kpynflua BJiaAtiBqecRifl xosaficTBa. 
Mesj^y TtMi, MH HHqero He roBopHHi h He Moseirb tobophtb o no- 
syHK^ EpeoTLAHaMa 200 heji. ny^- xjii6a. TaKoe sasjin^eHie Bce- 
qlxo npHHaAJiesHTi oanHirb cMockobokhhti B']^A0M00TaHi>». 

Bet noAo6HHa BospaseHia, ocHOBanHHa aa ooBepmeHHo apoas- 
BOXBHiixi ynpasHeniaxii ci i^a^paMa, ae ctohtb pasfiHpaxB no oy- 
D^ecTBy, TiM'B 6oji'6e, ^to btb ynpasaeaia o6HKHOBeHao asofiajiyDTi 
a Maoraaa ApyniHH npoMaxaaa. Baioro OTBiTa aa hhxi, nonuTaexca 
aa ocHOBaniH AaHHUxi aamefi SHHrn npocro aatb rt y^em, aoTOpux'B 
MU TaiTB He npeAOTaBHJia. CnimairB oroBopaTBoa, ^o ara y^eru, no 
xapiucxepy HaTepiajroBi, na tfoJiBmyi) to^hootb, aoHe^ao, ae nperea- 
AyDxt. 

IIoTpefiHOOTa aamet cipaau bi sepai MoryrL 6htb ao^aoAeau 
b-b oj[iAyx>H^eifB pasaipt: 

L Eserojiao BUBosHTca sa rpaaaKy bi ope^aeMi shboa^ okoxo 
360 MBJi. ny^OBi* BCHRaro aepaa. Bi btom'b bubos^ npaaaaaerL y^a- 
CTie MeacAy npo^HMi CtBepaHft KaBKast a I^apcTBo HojibCRoe, ro- 
Topne Bi aame asojiiAOBaaie ae BRJiiBD^eaH, a ves^y i4ai» A^nrb 
AJia BBiBoaa orojio 57 mhji. ny^oBi pssa, nmeaai^u, oBoa a a^veaa 
(BTb 1890 roAy) *). 3a BH^eTOMT, sthx^ 57 mbj. ny^OBi opeAaaa 
i^^pa xjit6aaro oxnycRa 3arpaaaii;y a3i> 50 ry6epBifl EBponeficROft 
Poccia cocTaBJiaerB orojio 300 mhji. ny^. 

2. noTpefiaccTH BaaoRypeaia paaaaioToa bi» ro^^ orojio 58 mbji. 
nyAOBi, CB BEJiioqeaiea'L Rapio^ejia no nepeaoA^ aa posB. 

3. noTpeCHocTH ropoACRoro Haceaeaia (ORoao 10 mbji. Aym'B), no 
aopatf npaaaTofl vb ascJitAoaaHia, AociaraioTB 154 mhji. nyA* 

4. IIpoRopMi JiomaAeft bi» ropoAaxi (o^HTaeTca 2,8% Boixi jio- 
maAefl bi* Poooia) noTpe6yeTB orujio 8 mhji. nyA. oaca. 

5. KpeoTBane (no 50 ry6.)) aeAyniie seajieAiJiBqeoRoe xoshMotbo 



*) AonoaHeaie k% CTaTRCTHqecROMy OGopaaKy iehbhct. nyTeft coo6ii^eHifl, 
BHn. 6. 



128 PyCClLOB BOrATCTBO. 

(OROxo 61,7 MU. jsjjsrh), no coo6paseHifli[ib, npEBdAesHim Vb h8-* 
ojitAOBaHiH, noTpe6jflK)rb b% cpexHeirb no 17,4 ny^a hb ajiiiT ^t 
Bcero— 1073 MM. nyfl. 

6. CejiBOKoe HacexeHie (ho KpeoiBflHCEoe), Bexymee seiueAiiBTO- 
oKoe xodflficTBO (OEOJio 5 MM. ^^mi), pacxoji^yerb sa Aymy, soHerao, 

OTOJEBEO Se, CE026R0 H KpeCTBflHe, T. 6. HO 17,4 ny^a, BCerO 87 HEI. 

iiy;^0B^. 

7. KpeoTLflHe 6e8X03iiliHue h cejTBOKoe Hacexeme, He se^qmee 
soMjieAiJiBqeosaro xosflftoTBa, npEHaAJiesa lei 6ijijsiAmEWb rpynnairb 
E He HH'&i CKOTB, noTpe&uieTB He 6ojrfie jsakl no 15 nyAOBi sa 
^tyniy — Bcero 180 mhi. nyAOBi. 

8. IIpoKopirb CKora bi HacTHOBJEa;^^^^^^*^'^ xosfltoTBax'S no- 
Tpe6yerb orojo 48 hhi. ujj^ovh, 

Bd HyaRAH namefi crpaHH wb sepni AOcrEranrb laRHMi o6pa- 
sovB B% cpeAHifi roAi n;H$pH, npHMtpHo, bi 1.900 mhji. nyAOFB. 

Ha yj^OBJieTBopeHie sthxi Hyiui(i, no noRasaHiflirB i^eHxpajiBHaro 
cTaTHCTHqecRaro ROMBTeTa, co6Hpa900B Vb cpe^HeifB 8a 1883—1892 r. 
eseroAHO 1.696 hhi. ny^OBi. OAHano, npHBeAeHHaii i^B(j[»pa nys- 
Aaercfl bx nonpaBRax^. 3a AecflTHiiiie 1883 — 1892 foaob'b yposaH 
Ha ^acTHOBJiaAijiB^ecRHXX seiuiHX'B npHXOAHTOH c^HTaTB OHiBHO npe- 
yHOHBHieHHUMH. Uo H3CJiiA0BaHiflH'B cQeniaiBCTOB'B (np. $opTyHaT!)Ba), 
nenrpajiBHUft craTBOTHqecRiS ROMHTeT'B xaerb noRasaniH o6'b yposai^ 
MOHBHie A^fioTBHTejiBHHX'B npoi];eHTOBi Ha 20, RpoMib Toro, sa nflTH- 
JiiTie 1883—1887 roAa nooiBHua njon^aj^H npHHHHajiHOB no Hscii- 
;(OBaHiK) 1881 ro^a, a sa aro BpeMH oai BHaqRienno yB6iH?HjiHCB» 
B'B oco6eHHOcTH B'B DSHBixi rytfepHiflXi. IIonpaBRy r'b c6opy ei 

TOCTHOBJiaAiJIB^eCRHX'B BOMeJIB HySHO CmaTB npH6jlH3HTejlBH0 Bl 130 

HHI. nyAOBi B'B TOji.'h, TaRi ^TO Gpe;i(Hift c6op'B PocciH oocraBHrB wh 
CE3[j BToro ORGAD 1.830 HHJ[. Hy^^OBi. HeAocTaHa OT^aoTH nonojiHfleTGH 
CiBepHuirB KaBRteoMi h APyniMH ORpaHnaHH, OTRyj^a hphbosbtch 
xjiifii Bl EBponeftoRyn Pocoin (HanpHwbpB, vb AoTpaxaHCRyn ry- 
6epHiK)). HysHO saMlTHTB, ^o cpeAHift c6opi bi naTHJiiiie 1891 — 
1895 roxa Ha CiBepHOMi KaBRasi Aoornran 184,661 mhji. nyAOB:B 
Bctxi xiieoBii 6681 Rapro^eJiH. IIoTpeCHOCTH HaoexeHifl (3.040 tho. 
AynrB) cocTaBjiflH)TB ne fiojcbe 84 hhi. nys. Vb ro;^: h36utori ao- 
CTHraeTB 100 mhx. ny^. 

H TaRi, cpeAHift cdopi xjrbSoHB vb EBponetoRoft PoooiHnpH6a- 
8HTejrBH0 noRpuBaeTB Boi ea noTpe6HOGTH, HcncjieHHUH na Tixh 

OCHOBaHiHX'B, ROTOpUfl npHBOAHTOH Vb HameM'B H80ltA0BaHiH. KOHI^I 
Ch EtFi^aHH BnOJCHt GXOAflTCfl. 

Apyroft Bonpooi, KaRi* pa6npeffliflX)T6fl bth sanacH, RaRaa aoim 
noTpetSuerca vb oaHiixi xosflftoTBaxi h Raaafl noorynaerB na pa- 

HORl? 



*) nOApo6BOCTl 8T0r0 paoqBTa CH« Vb cPfCCKHX'B Bd^OHOCVflX%%, }k 87, 

CTaibJi r. Mapeoca. 



no II0B0A7 noyBVssH o jxjsmoMWb :ljl%m. 129 

noTpetfHocTE pHHKa KorjTL 6vm> onpeffbieHH taFL: 

1. Bhbosx sarpaHHi^y— 300 mu. ny^. 

2. TopoAa— osoio 162 mhi. njA. 

3. BflHOKypeHie — osoio 29 mu. hjaobi 0g[»7raa nojioBBHa xaie- 
piajtOBi, nepeKjpnaeiiuxi Bl ci^pi'L, npoAsBOAti^et no Boefi vb- 
poflTHooTH wb Tixi xoBflfioTBaxi, Bi KOTopHxi H nopeKypHBaeTOfl). 

4. RpeoT&iiHe K npo^lfl oejtsoRiii oocjroBiii, HOBeAyn^ seMJceA^iB- 
^eosaro xosidcTBa, okoxo 90 loii. ny^. JiipjTdJi nojioBHHa HeoOxow- 
MHxi van, sanaooBi ooTpefixaercfly so Boefi si^poaTHooTH, bi» npexi- 
jLBX'b ApyrHXii xoBiitocBi (6aTpaKH roxoBHe, cposoBue h ooAeHHue) 
mm 318 npiotipiraeioa HarypaiBinini safpaCorsaiiH, saacoHOirB s 8a- 

HOIOTOMl. 

Hioro 541 nx. nyffOBi— cooiaBXinoTL ly caiiyi> oyMny xii6a, 
soTopaa noKynaeiofl bi Hamet oipaHi. 
HaiypajiBHoe norpefixaide: 

1. KpeoTBUHe— 1.073 ku. nyxoBi. 

2. CeiBOKoe HacexeHie, Bexyn^ seiuexiiB^eoxoe xosafioiBO, ho 
HO npiHaflieaBantee vh oooraBy Epeor&aHOKEX'L oCntecTBi— 87 mhji. 
nyfloBi. 

3. BHHOEypeHie — 29 lou. nyAOBi. 

4. EpecTMOie h cej&oKiii coojioBia, ho BOAyntui seiuexJ^^ecxaro 
xosflflcTBa, 6aTpaKE npa ^aoTHOBJiaA:&i&H60KHX^ xosaftcTBarb h npo?. — 
90 Hu. nyAOB^ 

5. Ckotb vh HtmBOBMB^jomosarb SBOHOidflXB okoxo 46 mu. 
nyAOBt. 

Bee oorpetSieiiie vb Haryp-i AOCTHraerB 1.326 hhji. nyx* Ta^Hirb 
o6pa80]n», noTpe6ieHie, oiua^HBaeifoe AeHBraiiH, eooiaBjuien okoio 
80% cpexHaro ypoasaa. 

no AaHHBiTB nepeBOBOuofi eraTEOTHU bs 1890 ro^y, exmerBeH- 
HovB, ffflg. KOToparo y^TOHO 6iuo Boe nepexBHseHie xjrUa, mejAmo- 
AopoasHoe, Bo^Hoe h ryseBoe, vb nepeBOSKy noorynaio bi 50 ry6ep- 
Hiaxi — 584 HHJE. nyxoFB, okojio 37% ucraro edopa (au rjEaBSUxx 
iLjA6ovb — npHtiiHSBxexBHo tasoe se sojnraecTBO, KaKoe Aaeroji h 

HaVH). 

TaKHiTB otipasoiTb, BHune yrBepxAOHie, ^lo Ha piiHOKi nocrrynaen 
OKOJIO OAHoft TpeTH yposaH, HMioTB sa ce6fl oepBesHSiH ooHOBaHia. 

(IIpodoAoieeHie CMtdyerm). 

A. MynpoBii. 

A. nOCHMKOBl. 



M 4. Onin n. 



130 P7CCB6e BOrATCTBO. 



HHeBHHKB atypHajfflem. 

nepexoxmie 8S3a][eHSL— rmiHaairaecKie y^edHiDUL 

L 

Bi MHHjBnieirE 1896 roxy, no oiy^aD soposaqiOEHiirb Topsecrei, 
Boi y^an^iecfl 6uj[h ooBofiosoyteHH on nepesoAHHrb aKsaneHOB'L k 
nepemjH vb oAjijDinie siaooH no roAOBUirb 0TMiTsa]r&. HicbBiirairB 
onrlTKH nejAOBJieTBopHTeiLHiiiE 6hjio npoAOcraBJieHO A^psaTb ooohbh) 
8K3aMeH% HSik rbxi npoAMeiOBiB, no KoropHn hhh Cjulk noJiy^enu 
aiH HenepeBOAHHfl oriiiTEH. Cothh tsoa^'b y^an^Hxca ne noABepr- 
uGb vh 1896 roA7 nposipoHHOMj HomiTaHii) noopeACTBOirb BEsaiie- 
HOB'B^ icbcfliteirb paHBnie na^ajTH Baxai^oHHuft otabxi, uicaneirb 
6ojiBin6 ero inriuai, Jijmae otxoxhjjih h nonpaBnn s^opoBBe, o% 
jy^mHicn cHjiaHH oce^hK) npHciynHJiE si y^enliD^ KOTopoe otb la- 
soft OTirbHH dKaaMeHOBx HHcsojibRo He noorpaffajro. IIo Kpaineft lAipi, 
cpoAH Henpespan^aBDuixoii boob asaAeMH^eoRit 1896 — 1897 toa'b 

TOJISOBI 061 OTJrfcHi BKBaMeHOBl HO pasAaiooB HE OTKyAa HE OAHoro 
rojooa EaKEXi 2e6o saTpyAHeHiflX'B hjie Hoyon&xax'B, BiiSBaHHUX'B 

OTEiHOD 8K3aM6H0Bl» Wb 1896 rO^y. 8tOTB ^aKlTB flBJUaerCE O^OHB 
OEJCbHHH'B AOBOffOMl B^ nOJBEBSy OKOH^aTOJIBHOlt E nOBCeutCTHOfi OT- 
MiSH nepOBOAHUXl BKSaMeHOBl, EOTOpiie A&BHO KOHnereHTHiUIE IE- 

ssfiMn npflSHaDTOfl EeHysHmoi. Mea^ npouMi, ho kb^j^ nponuiaro 
ro^a, r. noneMTOJiB c.-neTep6yprcKaro y^efiBaro OKpyra, Bi CBoeM-B 
ipipsyjirflpi *) no noBOAy ocBo6osA6Hifl otb dssaMeHOBi bi 1896 rojiy, 
coBepmeHHo KaToropEiecBE BHCKasan mhojib^ ^to roAOBiza oiirbTKH 
o&b yonixaTL yqan^nxoa em^iotb ropasAO 6oJiBnie6 SHa^eEie a^ oqi^n 
dTiiTb yon'ibxoB'B, seseim dKaaKOHai^ioEHUfl OTiiiTRE, EopiAKO oiyqai- 
HUfl, E ?T0 no8TOU]r nepoBOAEue SKsajieEu EBJuaixKroa ESJiflmHEii'B e 
BpoASHH'B o6peM6HeEieirB y^an^Exoa. Bte xncurE, BuoRasaHHiifl aB- 
TOpflTOTEHK'E npoAOTaBETaieirB BtAOMCTBa EapoAEaro npoGBin](esi&, e 
npHToiTB vh o$$Ei(iaiBEOH'B AORyMOErb, noA&JiE o6n^ecTBy saAoacAy) 
^TO BpeHeEsan Hipa, npHHEraa no cAy^aio RoposaKiOEEHXi npasA- 
EeciBx, o6paTflT6fl Kb nocTOflHsyD, a cESjiEmEee e BpoAEoe o6petfe- 
sesie yqan;ExcE» 6yA6TB npeRpan^eso. Yonixi nponuoroAEaro onura 
en^e 6ojrbe noAAopsEBajTb sxy saAOSAy Ha ooyn^eoTBJieHie a&bho se- 
juaEHofi pe^opMH. 

Pe^opHa 8Ta se EBEJiaoB 6u ^wh to eobiutb b EefiuBajoiM'L. 
MEorifl soEcsiH FEMEasiE AABHO npaETMRyDrB 8Ty Mipy Bi bea^^ oc- 
Bo6o8AeEiH orB nepesoAEiix'B BRsauesoBi saE6ojrite yon&BaK)n^[X'B 



♦) Cm. Hedn^jM, 1896 v., M 13. 



AHBBHHR'B SyPEAJEKGTA. 131 

y^eHEi^. noBse to se oanoe Hawaii npniuunrB m vh MysosEX'b 
niMHaaiflxib vb siKOTopiirB y^efiEHxi OKpyraxi, HanpnuipB, fb ne- 
lepfiyp^KOiTb, Tjfi on 8R8aiieHa ocBo6osAaKm« y^eHHKH nepBaro 
paspjixai T. e. rt, Koropue, bobco ho EM'iifl HeyAOBJierBopHTeiBHHX'b 
TO^owa.'b onATOKi, ntorb vb cpeAHem bhboa^ osoxo ^eiHpex'b. 
HsBtciso, ^TO 8T0 ooBo6os»eHi6 yiesHBOBi oepBaro paBps^a on 

BKdaiieHOB'B BE MBJIO HO BJOflOTB Ha JOniHIHOOTB ISTb SaHflTifi H OHE, 

(5ojn»mex) ^acTBD, ooxpasaDrb CBOfl paspflxi, ho OHorpa na oroyrorBie 
8K8a]feEa^iOHHa^o JiflxoioLOhak MO^a h ooeAEHeHHaro cb man BeooH- 
Haro noBTopoHifl npoflAOHHaro sypoa. C'b xpjTOfi oropoHii, bto no- 
BTopeHie HHOKOjiEBKo HO ooxtftotByeTB y^eHHKaiTB BToporo H TpeTBflro 
paspflAOBi noBiimaTBCfl paspflAom* h obs, no 6oJiBinefi qaoTH, oora- 
DTGfl BipHH oAHas^ia npioSpiTeHHOMy panry. GjiOBom, BiiicTO Toro, 
^o6h roBopHTB, ^T£0 HaH6oyiie ycn^BaDniie y^oHHEH ooBOiSosAaDTca 

OTB nepOBOAHUX'B BSSaMeHOB^y KOSHO (TB TaKHMIb S6 UpaBOlTB CEa- 

saTB, "^TO E6 BBsaMeEyeHHe y^essKE EaEdojiie yontBann bi y^esiE. Bi 
caMOMi jxIbiA, Kio se Eay^EiOfl vh te^eEie ro^a, Ton eo EaynEToa e 
Bik TO^esie 8B8aMeEa^ioEEa^o irbosi^a, a kto say^iEioa, TOny eo sa- 
^'bwh oEOBa y^ETBoe. 3to eceo ao o^eBEAEOOTE. BKsaHeEii, KaK-B 
Mfbpa dAH npoetbpKu yneHUKoehy se EHiDTB SEKaKoro ssaqesiE, KpoMi 
coBepmeEEO sanpaosaro e sa^aoiyx) o^oeb Bpexsaro o6peMeEeE]E 
MOflOAoro EOKOJrbsiE, e 6eBi> Toro kb Kosiiiy yqedsaro ro^a yroiues- 
Haro E nepeyroiueHsaro. Ha DssaMesu uosso oMOTpiTB nniB, ebki 
sa Mfbpy djM npoenpnu y^av/^uxh. HeMy oee sayTOjm e EaEi* sa- 
y^HAE Vh Te^esie y^e6Earo rosa, are beaeo sa dEsaMesax'B e cpeA- 
sflfl ycniinEOOTB BEeaMesai^osEfiix'B otb^tob'b sBJifleToa osEA'i^TejrB- 
gtbom'b ssaEifl, yvbsifl e ipyxa npenoAasaTejieft e pyEOBOASTejiceit 
yqe6Baro saBeAesis. 9to nOEflTso, so sejD[B8fl-ji[E aocte^ arofi npo- 
MpEE se Bi yQ^ep6'B yuniEHOfl, a Aase sanpoTSBi cb noiBdOD a^e 
EExi? Bij^> vb EOEi^ EOEi^oB'B) yHeCEHE saBeAesifl oyn^ecTByDTB se 
A4fl soro Apyroro, EaEi AJUi ynan^xoE vb hexi a'^^toA. 

Ha^aTB C'B Toro, hto e bi saoTOsn^ee speufl jiflsi spoBipKE y^a- 
mBxi ojiysarB, rjiaBEUiTB otipasoiTB, se nepeBOASue, a BunycESHe 
BEsaMeEH, TaE-B EaEi EB'B ospyra e ysEBepoETeTOB'B soErpoxEpyDSQe 
npeAOTaBETOJiEEOMaEAEpyDTCE EuesHo saBKnycEEiieBS8aMeEB[.Eoji[Ese 
nepesoAEue BEsaKess tojcbeo MoiAu-tJbi axjmvsb wui KOErpojur ebab 
y^an^EEE, a b^ AificTBEiejEBSooTE E TenepB BTOsy se oxysaTB, to 
6e3noxe8EOCTB bthsb BEsaMesoBi jaeane ci bto&, eAEscTBesso Aony- 
cTHMofi, TO^EE 8pisiE OTasoBETCfl o^eBEAEOi). IIpaBAa, MU osasajEE, 

qiO OEE MOIAU 6U OJiySHTB AJEE SOETpOJffl SaA'B y^BII^EME. B-B BEAy »e 

seiaTeiBEOGTE laEoro EosTpojui, uosso 6ii, nosaj[[y&, CA^JiaTB bbi- 
BOA'B se 6e3noxe3socTH BEsaiiesoBi, a o seo6xoAEMooTE npsoyT- 
cTBifl sa EEXB npeACTaBETOJieft OEpyra s ysEBepoETeTOB'B. Moxso 
yiBepsAaTB, e se 6e3i» ocEOsasiE, ?to EOSTpoiB sa BimyoESEix'B be- 
aaicesaxi seAOcraTO^esB, a& s sioEOJK»EO sasosAaiuft. TaEHM^B o6pa- 
80MI, OEaBBJiocB 6ii sejiaTeflBEoi) se oTEisa, a peoprasssai^fl BEsa- 

9* 



132 P7CGS0B BOrATOlBO. 

M6H0M. He 4I0HO-IH, offiaKO, mto 6ojAe lacToe nooiitteHie npoAora- 
BETeiavH ospyra h ynBepoHreroBi yposovb vh mevie roAft, Birb- 
6Ti (r& aHABOMOTBoiTB 0% TOKyniHXH y^HnecBHHH moBMOHiuiiH pa- 
6oTa]iH, jqnme bqiikhxb 9K8aic6H0B% jcTaHOBua 6k kohtpqib Ha;^^ 
npraoAaBaHieiTB? Eon se, TaKiorB ofipasoirb, Bowoau^ saM^HSTb 
assaveHH XPT^^'^^ oHOTeMon BOHrpoia, to sairbHa era oiaHOBMiea Ha- 
oToareAHOD. nepeyTOiueHie yvamHzoa bi ooBpeMOHHiix'B insoiazib 
xaBHo HPH8BAB0 BctifH xoimeTeHTHiiiai cyABaxH. dEsaxeai se ab- 
juercfl oamiTB jTovsaexhsuwb BmaoAOtrB KasA<^ aKftA&iiH^eosaFo 
roAa* Boiie paaHifl otauxi h (koie panee ornpaBxeHie kbi jropoAa 
Ha BOJEbHHft AepeaeHCKift B08A7z^ cozpaHjiu 6h mhoto baopobbh h 
CHXH vb xoiOAOiTB HOROi'^HiH, Titti caxHirB o668ii6UBafl H 6oj[bmyi> 
yontniHOOTB ero y^HUX'B saHaTit. noHano, noaroiiy, to Hanpa- 
senoe BHHHaHie, ox botophm'b pyeosoe' o6mfiCfim> upHQiyniHBaiocB 
jcb ToxKam H raBOTHmrB eiyzan'B o bowoskocih h BftpoaiHooTa 
ooBopmeHHoft omftHH nepexoABHTB oKsaMOHOBib. 

Koe-HTO Vb BTHXi TonarB h oxyxaxi ho 6jsmo toibko orpaae- 
Hien o6maro seianiH. TaKX KHHHorepoTBO rooyAapoTBeHHUx'B Hxy- 
H^eoTBi H ZQMXBKtjia HBAato paesopaseHie, no BOTopoKy vb y^e6- 
vstTb saBeAOHiax'B ero v&AOMCTBa nepexoABHe assaxeHK oTMiHaorca 
wb bha6 oauTa Ha tdh roAft- B'b aroirB paoaopaseHiK lanucTepcTBo 
coiuaxocB, MesAy npo^mrby Ha nonyn ycnftnifiootB oaura 1896 roAa. 
BooHHoe HHHHorepcTBO Toa^e o6paTHJio BHExaHie na 8totb BasHHft 
Boopoci Hy n iftiBi) BoeoTopoHHie BuacHHTB BOSHQXHOGTB npoAno- 
loaceHHofi pe^pMu, aApeooBaiocB vb xHHHerepcTBo napoAnaro npo- 
oBin^OHiH orb hpoob6od cootimnTB OBiA&aifly HacBoxBBo yon&neHB 
6un OQHTB 1896 roAa h HaoKOXBKO oirpaBAaHO npastHSOi) ycBoen- 
Hoe HisoTopHMK yHe^HHiiH OKpyraxH npaBHio o6'b ooBo6osA6Hia otb 
nepeBOAHHTB aasaiieHOB'B HaaSoJiie yoniBavii^HrB y^enaxoBX. 3to 
o6pamraie BoeHnaro icHHHCTepcTBa no6yAaxo MHHHciepoTBo napoAHaro 
npocBin^enifl paaoojiaTB no BciMi jHt6mai'b saBeAeaiaMx oBoero vh- 
AOHOTBa i^paynp'B cb npeAXOseHieirB o6oyAiTB ysaaaHBHtt Binne 
Bonpooi BooHHaro MHHHciepoTBa Vb neAarorH^eeBHTB ooaiTax'B h oo- 
o6mHTB Heo6xoABMue oTBim o'b sauD^eHiflMH eoBftioBi h y^edsaro 
Ha^njBOTBa. TaaHn ofipasom HHHI^aTHBa mamoTepcTBa rocyAap- 
CTBOHHfia'B Hxjn^eoTFB H BoeHBaro, npHBeu h mhhhctopotbo napoA- 
Haro npooBimeaiH B'b Heo6xoAiHoeTH BceoTopoHHe o6cyAHTB arorb 
BonpocB, A&BHo HacToaTOJEbHO Tpe6y]Dii4fl Kb ce6i BHHMaHia, KaiTB 

TbOHO OBflSaHHHft Vb SAOpOBBOHl H HpaBHJIBHUHl paSBHXieirB MOIO- 

Aoro noKOJitHifl. •ByAOM'B HaAiaxBoa, tto o6cysAeHid DKaaMOHai^OH-^ 
Haro Bonpoea nociysHTB mmb nepBHn marovB^ sa KOTopuH^ no- 
cA^AyeTB H BTOpoft, ptmoHie o6i oEOHUiejiBHOft OTuiH']^ BToft yoTa- 
pijuoii cHOTeMu, aBUDio^efica, no cnpaBOA^HBOMy saiiftiaHiD r. none- 
UTOJut n6Tep6yprcKaro y^efinaro ospyra, HaxHoiHHirB h BpaAHUMi 
o6peHeHeHieirB y^an^axca. 

ycntmHoe npaMiHSHie BpeKMHoi Mips o6b oTHiHi aBsaMoaoBi^ 



XHSBHHKOb STPHUraCTA. 133 

iBFf> 1896 roAj, npoAOjneHie orofl xipH enie Ha Tps row KHHEorep- 
OTBOiTB seiueAift^ H iroBoeirboTHoe ra o(Soys;ipHie nesaronra^ouiiH 
<^BiTa]iH xftBaxo pyooBOHj ofiiqecTBy molt) ocHOBraift H^i^TBefl, ^ro 
H MHHHCTepcTBO HapoxHaTO npooB^iiteHifl OTKaseroa on pymEH 
nep6B0AHiin> assaiieHOBi. ^ EaoroiiiqaTo 1897 ro^a i»h HaAesAH 
He OGyHteaTBHjmOB. OTjroa»HH06^ oAHaso, ho eorb en^e noTepaHEoe. 
OtioysxeHie npoAontaeTGH. BywHi HaAiatE>(ui, ^iro a^^ OTAosefio 
He Bi^ AOJirifl an^BHi. EHTepecu mojioaofo noKoiiiHifl, ero baopobbh, 
sflBHeHHociE H ero o6pa80BajBdH oyiB HacroflrejaHitmie Haii;ioHaflB- 
Hue HHTepeCH, npeApbmaviitie na MHorie roAu HapoAHyi) dyxyn^- 

HOCTB. 

Au Toro, ^Tofiii 611T& ofipasoBaHHHM'B iieioBiKoiTBy Tpe6y6Toa vh 
HacToamee Bpeiifl o^ohb mhofo. A^ Toro, Olefin vAtb bobmosb- 

HOCTB OOBHaTeJIBHO X BCeCTOpOHHe yOBOHTb KaKyD'6H TO HE 6WL0 

cnoAiajtBHOOTB, Heo6xoAHMa bi HacrOHHtee BpeMH ooHOBaTeJCBHaa nox- 
roTOBKa, xopomee odn^ee odpaaoBame. Bee 8to ^)8iara6Tb Tfl»ejiyx) 
H oTBiTCTBeHHyn eafta^y na epexHBX) misojiy, aaffa^, o^ohb odnnip- 
HyH) H paexooTopoHEni). ?to6h yAOBjrerBopHrejDuio oTBixHifB btoA 
saxaTb H BMicTi c% liirB otiepeni AymeBHUH h Tftieoszui onm mo- 
jiOAoro noKOJiiHiH, ero SAopoBBe h SE8Heoaooo6KocTb, neoCxoAHiia 
oxporo o6AyHaHHafl OHOxeMa^ B!b Boropofl ne 6am 6u hh OAVHaro 
HaiHinHflro h HanpacHaro ?aca ipyxa h yroweHiH h fl Koropofi 
tiujEO 6u OTBeAOHO nrapoKoe MioTo BOsoraHOBJieHiD ohji^b, ncrpa^eH- 
HiiTB Bi Te^Hie, no Heo6xoA]iHoe!ni, o6peMeHHTej[BHaro TpyAOBoro au- 
AeMHTOOKaro roAa. Sua — ^yvoTBeHHOny ipyAy, jtIto— BOBcraHOBieHix) 
Hcrpa^eHmxi chjtb. Ecmeh 6u ouraiB, ^rro asm. BOBeraHOBJEeHUi cui 
AOGTaTo^HO oTAHxa, TO A^^H BTOfo fifiuo 6u AOcxaTOHHo H TaKoro 
cpOKa, KaKi ABi hoaIih posAeoiBeHCKHX'B BaKaipfi. OxAOXHyTB vh 

ABi HOAiU MOSHO Wh HOJKHOt ]Cip6. VdAJ^JOXb BOOB FOffB A^UEB Ha 

miTB ceMeexpoBi, orxiuieHHiirB AByxHeA&EbHUHH BasaipHMH, mh no- 
JiyujiH 6h Aoofltb HOAiiB Basaipfi h copoKB ABi hoa^ y^emfl. 
B'B HaoTOHH^ee ase Bpeiui ywHie HpoAoxsaeroa 35 — 36 HeA&iB h 
AiTH HH^Dn He HflTB, a ABa nepepHBa ffu otawul HHTAi) OAnaso, 
hhrto ho nommjuierB Tasot peij^pirb m tomj HirtoTefl caiiiifl 
ocHOBaTOjaHsiH H cepLeBHiia npn^HHU. j(iiso wh tohx, ^ito oahofo 
oTASxa HOAOcraTO^HO a^^h BOBCTaHOBJieHifl oui, Horpa^eHHiix'B npn 
HanpflSOHHOHii yMCTBeHHoifb TpyAi aEaAem^ecKaro roAa. Heo6xo- 
ABMo ynpasHOHie apF^'^ opraHOBi, KpoMt xosra h nep^OBi. He- 

OdXOAHIfB TOTB AfcffieiBHUfi otflcbHl BeH^eCTBa Vb OpraHHBMi, BOTO- 

pnft ToiBBo H xosen ofiesneHHTB BAopoBiift pocrb h pasBHTie xojiio- 
Aoro noKOjAHiH h soropHt, oAHaso, BaAepxHBaeroH oHAfliei) aoiBHBK) 
y^ednaro oeaona. Hnaqe roBops, noocb nepiOAa yxcTBenHaro TpyAa 
BHHOi), Heo6xoAavL nepioffB ^HBH^ecEaro TpyAa hu ^HSH^ecKHxi 
ynpasHOHit jt&tomi. Ilocii nepioAa cHAa^eft shbhh — nepioAi abh- 
aseHiH. nocjii 3CoxHaTH0fl h uacoKoft aTMoc^epH — BOSAyxi jAcobti h 
nojieft. H HeoOxoAHXO aro na cpoKi, HaoxoABO BHaareAHHll, 1T0611 



134 F7CCS0B BOrATCTBO. 

opraHHSiTb icon bi nonofi iiipi sonojraiTb saxepsBy SHHHaro pocra 
H pasBflxifl. 3B8aMeHu, oTHEMaa oBume irbcflqa on ororo nepio^a 
BOBcraHOBJteHifl caucb 7HaI^a^oofl noxojriHifl,H (tb btoA cropoim upe^- 
ciaBJuooTOfl 0H0T6M0X) BpeAHOD. IIpaBxa, 7 HaCTB HeAocraTO^Ho h ho- 
yviio noibsyimui BasaBpuiifH, ho bto yse KPjrot Bonpooi. Ki 
Toiiy se 8K8ai[eHS[, ooKpan^aa fla noioBHHj BasaipB, sHa^srejcbHO 
saTpyAHflDTB paBjMHyD opraHHsaitbD jArsaro Basai^oHHaro oTXHxa. 

II. 

Mh ynoMHHyn toibko ^to o rpjAHot h pasEOoropoHHeS saffa^, 
BoaxaraeMofi b% HacTonn^ee BpeMfl Ha opeAHDi) msoxy. Heo6xoAHica 
crporo ofixTMaHHaa cHCTeva, osasan ui, bi Koiopoft ne 61UO 6u 
HH OAHHaro H HBiHniHflTo ^aoa Tpy^a h yroMJEOHifl. d&8aM6Hii h 

flBJULDTOfl CI 8T0t TO^KH SptHifl «H8JnimHHirB H BpeAHHlTb oSpeMO- 

HeHieMi yun(HXOfl#. OAHaRO, exBarjiH ho cyry6o jraiHnnrwirB h cy- 
ry6o BpeAHumb o6peHeH6Hieirb y^an^HXca npeAoraBJuuDicfl neyAOBie- 
TBopHTOJiBHiie y^e6HHSH. Ki» coasajTbHiD, Eejoaa oKaaaTb, ^o6h 
Hama ope^KaH mKoia Horia noxBacTaTbCH cbohmh y?e6HHBaMH. Emfi 
Kh 6oj[LmeMy coaKariuBii), npHXOAHTOH KOHorraTHpoBaTb, ^^to rb btomi^ 
OTHomeHiH bobco ho saxi^aeTCfl nporpeooa, h y?e6HHEH OKopie yxyx- 

mdDTOfl. OhH ho T02BB0 RO HOILSfl HeflOHH H 06HB?HBiI, SaTpyAHHH 

yoBoeme npejpfera h ho aosbojuue pasyHHaro paonopaseHifl h noiB- 
soBaHifl ycBoeHHHH'B MaTopiflJiOM'B^ HO mo6ErpoTb npHMO onrnfiKaiiH 

H HeBipHOOTHHH, HOpOD HpOCTO Vb H3yUJieHi6 npHBOA^IQHME* dlO 

OTOJ[B oepB63HOy ?T0 oTOflTL noAOJCbme H noodoToarexLHie ooiano- 
BHTBOH Ha vrowb ne^axBHOiTB ^BETi. GeroAEH saftneicofl y?e6HEEaiiH 
pyecKaro Hsusa. 

«a nepeoMorpijTB btex'b y?e6HHB0Bi OBume AOCflTKa^ ho 6oxte 
noApo6Ho ocTBHOBJiDGB Ha TpoxB, HOdiyHBBniHX'B oco6eHHO mapoBoe 
pacnpooipaEeEie. B% nepBoirb pa^y otoetb y^e6sHS'B, cocraBJieHHiift 
rr. KupnuHHUKoetAMh u FuAHpoetAMz: <9TEjiOJ[orifl pyooEaro fl8iiEa>. 
KEsra ^peKOMeHdoeauay jssjs.'b y^eCsoe pyEOsoACTBO, YqeHHirB Rome- 
TOToiTB UEHHOTepcTBa EBpoAEaro npooBimoHifl AU cpeAEEZ'B yTO6- 
Euxi daBeAOEifi BiAOMCTBa jfEHHcrepoTBa HapoAHaro npoeBftii^eHiE>. 
^paaa btb, Hane^aTaHEafl na sariaBEOirL jucrt eeete, eoeo^eo, ho 
Hosen osysETB ofipasi^oirb xopomefi pyccEoS piEE. 9to oaxo no 
oeGb EETopeoEo. He MOEie EErepeoEH h Apyria cBiAtEiH na Tom se 
sarxaBEOM'L XECTi. IlepeAO meod lesEnb d6adt4atnh nninoe ESAasie, 
noMiqeEEoe, oaebeo, 1890 roAOitb. Ha o6jiosRi 6pooaeTCfl Vh raasa 
crpoKa: cTS-ft AeoflxoK'B teioeei*. CeMtcotm mpudttamb muMH^ yne- 
HUKoeh oeHB jAtb Toiiy sass^'B Ceijui yise o6y?eEfii pycosott rpamia- 

TEEi no TBOpOEiK) IT. RflpEEESEEOBa B rEXflpOBa... TB0p6Hi6 8T0 E 

TonepB TBRse paonpoorpaseEo, tbei ^to ne uyApeno, eoxE sa comb 
i-brB, EoresniEXi nooxi BiixoAa Koero Bsaeiiiuapa, eegio pacnyn^eE- 
HHXb BEseMnupoBi AOOTHrio MEJudosal 8to oeoeb EHoro, Aoporie ee- 



AHEBHEK-B XTPHAnCTA. ^ 135 

Taiejoi, E eon TBopeHie rr. KHprnramoBa b FKiapoBa HeyxoBjieTBa- 
pflTeoHO Hay^aen pycoKoS piv h rpuiOTi, to ho yAHBuflreoB, 
Bcrpi^aa mhofo (SearpaiioTHOOTK Vh ooBpeveHKOt npeooi. 

^KpamKOH pyccnoH ipoMMOUHfica. HaoTb IlepBafl. drHnoJiorui. Co- 
oraBEffB A. UpeadpasuceHCKiA. H^ame decsmoe. MocKBa. 1896 r.>. 
7^e6HHX'B r. npeo6paseseKaro OAo6peHi> 7^6hhmi KoMHTeioirB uh- 
HHorepoTBa Hapoffiaro npocBin(6HUi. Eojik 26 HSAaHit khhth it. Khp- 
mraHHKOBa k ruflpoBa wmr OBHme 730 THO^rai eKseimiflpoBi, to 
AOOOTB KSAaHift r. npeo6paseHQKaro xomm 6Bun paonpocrpaHHTb 

OKOIO 300 TEZOflTB 8E8e]IIIJUrp0BB. 

iif. OMupnoemA. yueffHum pyccKoA tpoMMomuKU. '^acTB I. 
dTHKOJioriA. Hsdame deftHodtnamoe. MooKBa, 1896 r.>. Koho'iho, 
y^edHHRB OAo6p6Jrb YieHmrb KoxHreTOicb MEHHorepOTBa HapoAnaro 
npooBimeEiii. IIo TOJiy se pasoqoTy KHHra pasonuaob vb ucii 
osojio 350 THo. aKsemuuipoB'B. Boi Tpn y?e6HHsa, siiicTi Bsarue, 
paonyn^eHH vb nieii osoio MHJUdoHa meoTE ootb thchtb BKseiaufl- 
poKb fl AOiXEii 6bu[e EayiETB CBiime Asyxi mejuIosobb y^eEEROBi 

inpaBEJIBEO rOBOpETb E IIECaTB n0-pyC0KE>. tSfflltb CTb BTHME I](H$-' 

paEE 6jtbjaAeTb sna^esie npo^Exi ooBpoMeEEim y^etfsEKOB'B, no- 
jiy^EBniEX'& opaBEETejBEO sesEaHETensoe paonpocrpaEeEle. Tbwb se 
MOBie, a ocTaEaBUBaDOB e Ea e&cotophx'b pj^jTsxh, npeEMyme- 
cTBeEEO isyb 6ox6e eobhx'b, t. e. TasEZB, KOTopiie, doao6eo yse 
yxaBaEESMi TpeKb, npEonooo(ixeEu n ooBpeHeEEEni!^ y?e6EHEi» 
niaEaEi cpexEefi msoxs, UESEorepoTBa Eapoffsaro npooBin^eflifl. 
HsBioTEO, ^TO 8TE yHotfEHe ExaEH GEiBEO ooEpaTEJra npenoAaBaflio 
pycoxaro ESHxa e oiOBeoEocTE (?to6h ooBo6oAETb xtoo sxaooEqe- 
cxEMi asHKairb), a npenoAaBasie pyccKOft rpaMHaTEXE orpaEE^Eifl 
nepBiDiH TpeEfl KJiaocaHE. IIpesEie y^etisEXE, pascuTaESHe e Ea 
KPjrpo npoAOixETeiBEOOTB npenoAaBaEia, e sa APyrot Bospaen 
yunpaofl, oKaaancL EeroxHmiE. Tr. Kepee^serobb e TflJUipOBi 
nepBHe yAOBxerBopEJiE arojiy soBOEy ypisaEEOEy o6'BeMy npenoji(a- 
BaEia. dmsTb e ofiiaoEaeToa EoiooeaiBEHfl yoirki exb npoEBBeAe- 

Eia. Boiix^ EBEIEOB OB OBOEHfl yie6EflKaKE IT. CMflpHOBOKift E 

IIpeofipaseEQKiA, btpoomb ob y?e6EEK0MB rr. KEpnE^EEKOBa e Fe- 
juspoB9^ saEEMaa vl Eaoroan^ee BpeMa no^TE Boe noie opeAae-y^eCh 
Earo HpenoAaBaEJa pyooKoB rpaMMaTEsa. IIpflxoAEJiE Boii^B e Apy- 
rie. Hh'B eo xaxi noo^aousBEJiooB. TiuB se MeEie e oee bsoojie 
OBOD jienry bb flijio ofiy^eEia moaoakx'b noKoiiiaiJi <iipaBffiKBso ro- 
BopETB E EEcaTB no*pyoosE». PyKOBOAECB BHme yKasaEEmrB ooo6pa- 
seEioEB, EH ooTaEOBEEoa en^e aa oriAyDQHXB yHetfEERaxB pyo- 
OKOt aiEEOioilfl: J7. H. Eotdanoei. PyecKOH tpoMMomuKa. Bteeojio- 
lia a CEETaabaoB. 

PycadA sswa. Ojihtb rpaaaaTE^eoKaro yrodEEisa pyooRott rpaM- 
aaTERE. dTHEOAoria bb o6pa8i^an. CoorasajTB Eoncm. dedop. ^empoe^. 

PyccKOH yftrnMomuKa M. Puffanoea. dTaaoioiia, oaaraReHOB, 
OTBxoQioseaie e araorpa^a^eoaii yaaaaTeJirB. 



136 P7CGB0B BOrATCfBO. 

HTaBl^MH ijJSjSITh H1C&T& JS^O (Tb DieOTBX) OOBpmeiEIUffl T^HHSftlll 

pycosaro asas&t bbi hxtb npeHMyntecTBenio ei xpeiia focqo^iotbtd- 
mHMH, paonpooipaHeHiHME vb uojii 6oiie noiyropa MunoHa asaeM- 
siapoBi. BnosHi oosHaBac abhtd BeBoanosHooTb seob seotiKOXUHi 
rpaioiaTiraeosilt MaiepiaffB BMicTHXB b-b irfpes Tpex'B usmsx'b snc- 
GOBib FHiiHasifl, MH nooTapaeKoc 6arb 6oiie ^liifb cfiHoxoffnanEsiHH 
wb Henojmort h npoHjoun. 7eMy noxmi&scb flayaTB y^sEiTB npe^- 
pimeHo rHiiHa3V9eoKOD nporpunioD h vb dtmi ofEoraeHiE oi 
aBTopa BaucnaaiB saTpyAUTeJOHo. APF^e AiJU)* icma; j^etb yvefi- 
HHK'B. HoeH^fr-iH? n npaBuoH^-jra? npeuynveTBeBHO anorB mn h 
saitMeMoa na moBeexii^Kysiiqai orpraHi^arB. Haiseirfc n y^enifl 
rxarojrt. 

Mu BHfiHpaerb y^eHie o riaroii ho toxbko au Ha^aia xamero 
asatHsa, ho e xu 6oj['be (Soxie nouaro x o6oTOflfeiBHaro pa80opa, 
noTOKy ^To o^HTaeiTB aio y^eme npofismrB ornlion Boasaro y^e6- 
HHKa pyoosaro asHKa. CipoeHie HMen h HftcTOflMeHift, a rtzi 6ojAe 
HeHBitiueMHXi uerefi pftu, 8*6 cymeoTBeaKoicb h Bassfcfiineirb, 
joAerb Vb pyecsoirB flSBmi mhofo o6maro h oxoxHaro ci incb erpoe- 
HieMi B% APT^^'ii^^^ poACTBeHHuxi, HKAo-eBponetosHTB flBuxaxB, uao- 
cHYeoKsn H, HOBHX'B. IIodTOMy, K yxesie o6% neHaxBi irter^HMe- 
liaxi H EeiiBMiHfleifHrB ^aoraxi pitt ropasxo Jierve h8X02bvib y^o- 
BieTBopHTeiBHo, a y^eHHKB K-B TOKy se HMieTB nooTOflHHO noxcnopBe 
Vb napaJueiBHOirB HsyieHi^ rpaMManKi HHOcrpaHSHXii assEKOBi. H&- 
AODOJUToe HTb y^eteni pyecxaro asHxa osb o6ihchetb o6(% mb 
6oAe TOjncoBaro ESioseHifl xoro se y^esia vb xaTXHexoirB y^efisHKl. 
HeAoc&aaaHHoe pyoeKBnrB yqe^HHBOirB, owb HaftAerB vb ipe^eosoirB 
EiE H^Hoi^ROirb. 8to hhokoxbko h6 onpaBAHBaeTB asTOpa, ecu ovb 
AonycTnn vb oboe yie6HECb HeflcsooTb e EenoHarHOOtiB, ho bto o6- 
xeraaoTB EonpaBiexie sthx'b jsfi^essoieb. CoBciirB Vb jsffjrowb noxo- 
seniH HaxojVBToa yqesie o pycoxoE^ rxarojrb. CTpoenle rxaroxa vb 
pyccEOMi flsxaft o^ohb opEniHaxBHo. Oho SHa^HrexBHO oixH^aerefl 
OTL cTpoeHiH rxaroia aausoB'B sxacoE^eoKHX'B h HOBO-eBponetoKHX'B. Ilpn 

BTOMl, OAHaSO, OffB, XOTH E APyTEXH OEOOOfiaiCH H OpOXOTBaKE, EO 

BnoxEi OTBiqaoTB Tiwb aaxa^airb, Eoiopiiff npearbxyi^TOH oamufH 
CoraTUiCE no OTpooHix) uacoH^ecKHME rxaroiaMH. Hsiosetb spaTSO 
E BpasyicHTejiBHO yqenie o naroxi sib pyooxoM^ mboA h Hay^HTB 
BHOxHi coBHaTexBHO E pasyuEo paonopaaMTBCfl dovsmmE cpexoiBaxE 
ero orpoeEiH flBJureToa 8iM(a^o«>> xoTopyx) sexBas onEcaxB oi xaTES- 
cKExi H vAmiusMrb y^efisHxoB'B. Ee HiMto o6pa6oTaTB oaHooroa- 
TexBEO, n asanieHi jijSai^, Cb toskevb yiiiHieirB EaxoseniH. Botb 
Do^eny HH H HaaBaxE y^enie o rxaroxi npo6HHKb OTxbxoMi BcuKoft 
pyccKoft rpaEHaTHXH. IIpE aioitb, xe^eETHoxy EaxoaBOHiD aioro orx&ia 
nonpasKE ho BEeoyn saExyonifl rpaimaTEBE sxaocEveosErB e eo- 
BHTb aauKOBi. 

Jifui BBnpaxoEiH orrtflKOBx xUoTBiE fl oocTOEEia BxaeoE^eoxie^ 
HOBo-poMaEoxie e repicaEoxie oaHXH noxBayDToa c% oxxot oiopoEU 



AHBBHHKX SyPHAJniCTA. 187 

T&MH se saioraiEH s HauoHeKkaiK, xotophhe nonsyeros h pyo- 
cKift riararby a cb aPFO* oropoHH MHoro'iHiuieHHHifH ^pnaira ape- 
uewb npojnexniHX'B n SyxTOVxi, ^pma, oroyroTByBiiauiH y pyo- 
cKaro rnroia. Owh saviHaerb m ^opioi eudamu. Emmb roBC^, 
pyoQKii asuxis BicbcTO pasBHzia MHorouoieHHHXi iffopvb oahofo ria- 
roia« GOBAa^Tb XBa s 6ojn»ine riaroiavB, oaxooToarejaHim no ^{ort, 
a no cioiciy eooiaBJunonom oxho cnpioceHie. dm noiyoaMooTOflrejOiHHe 
rjiarojiEi s nasuBaDToa BHxaioi. y^ame o BwjsfiXb pyooRaro rxaroia 
BnepBHO nay^Ho yoxaHOBJieHO n pasBEXO 6euo Bootobobeotb bi ero 
npocipauoS (nayuot) rpamcaTHKi pycoEaro flSiuca. Booioeobi onpe- 
A&nm ^eTEq>6 BHAa: HBooBepmwHHfi hju HeoKonaieiBEHt, coBopmes- 
mA, OAHOspaTHuft h MHorospaTHHt. noojri^ BoexoKOBa h jsp HanrarB 
AHOft pyoGKafl rpaMnaxHsa toako oausah cnoBa noABeprjiaob nox- 
Hoft naynofl o6pa6oTKi, uceHHo vb siaocH^ecsoirb Tpy^i 6. H. By- 
ciaoBa «ncTopH?eoEafl rpaxxaTEKa pyocsaro ii8HKa», bi xsyzib to- 
icaxi. r. EyGiaeBi, BHaureiBHo n eepbeano nepepa6oTaBi yveme o6i 
o^osotfaMtti B^KOBi, Bx-B x^fciOHie H onpoA^enie ocraBBn, Kasb oho 
6h20 yciaHOBJieHO pa6oiai[H BooiOBOBa* iHoropineojsaii rpamiaTHKat 
BHaoTB rt se H&nxpe bxaa o^ i^^kh se HasBaHLuoi *). HasBaHiHe 
TpyAU BooTOKOBa h EyoiaeBa npeAoraBiflxmb ao cero BpeMOHH oahh- 
CTBeHHiifl HoyiMM rpaiQEaTHS^ pycosaro aasosa, nanHoaHHua raaKe* 

HHTHHH y^HHMH H rJiy60XHMH BHaiOBaMH SBHXa **). EOTeOTBeHBO 

noiaraTb, ^o wb ^eirb ohh oorxaoHH, bi toitb ho xoryrb 6isxb oi 
Haxx He conacHH it. Rhpohihhsobii, npeo6paseHCKift, CmpiOB- 
osii s APyne Tane se cnaynue aBropHrerH*. KaaMTca, ixo Tairb... 
nooMorpHiTb. 

rr. KHpnHHHHKOFb n FuapoBi naxoAsn nipu bha^- T. Cmepbob- 
oKift y]sa3HBaerb dea BEAa h ABa noAB^A^* T. npeo6paseHCKit ou- 
Taerb bo£ nemupe BEAa caKOOTOflrenHiuiH, npn^eirb coBepmeHBHt 
BHA> pasA^^eioa na Asa noABBAa) oEOHvaTeibHufiH saisHaTeibHuft. 
r. P£i6aK0Ba» yKasHBaen nipu bea^^ (npoAoxsHTeiBSHft, oAHOKpaTHsit 



*) tHcmopuHeCKOA rpoMMamuKa*, hba. 5-e, 1881 p., I, $ 63, OTp. 105—107, 
a TaBse § 89, 215. Bt caoeici spaTSOMi cyve(iBEB^> r. BycsaeBi oxHOspaTHHfl 
BHA% cdAHsaerb crb coBepmeBHum, o^Eraa ero KaK% 6h noABHAOMi, ho Bce- 
TBxn He oK^nmBaen h He oTosacrsjifleirB. Cm. § 37, crp. 41—42, no h«a^uo 
1896 r. H BnpeAb' HHme bc* cchjkh Ha BycsaeBa CyAyr* OTHOCHTbcfl b* yka- 
WBBSorh HBA&Hiam, npE nexi oouskh Ha *HcmopuH. FpaM,*, km, BpaTSOcTH 
o6oBHaiieHH npocTo; £y<;^, a Ha BpaiviE yiiedBHXK EycA., Vh, JiflR oompan^e- 
hIa se o6o8HavaK>Tca vb couBan yqe6HHB% rr. KHpnnnHXOBa h THJiapoBa— 
Kpm,y r. CMHpHOBCKaro— CjKpM., r. IIpeoCpaaieHCEaro— il/^tf., r, BorAaHOBa— 
Etd.f r. HerpoBa— llw^. h r. PuCaKOBa— IV. 

**) Buao, BOHeviO, He Maxo aaM^vaxejibHHrB MOHorpa^iB no pycesoB 
8THM0JioriH, BHavHTejifcHO nepepaSoTaBmarb He tos&bo yvenie BocTOBosa, ho 
H HisoTopufl qacTs yveHlH BycsaeBa. TaBOBu TpyxH IlaBeBaFOi n. JUspoB- 
cKaro, IIoTe6HH, rr. HeKpacoBa^ OoCoaeecKaro h ap- CBOAHafi patfoxa Aoaana 6uTh 
ynonaHyra en^e toji&ko OAHa, hmohho HSB^cTHaa KHHra Fpoxa <PyccKoe npaBO- 
nHcaHi6>, 8auK)iiaBDn^aa, BpoHi ^hcto opeorpatJtHiiecKaro cBOAAy saic^HaTeJibByiO 
H opHTHHauKyiD o6pil6oTBy Beero OTX^ft j^oHeTHBH (yqeHie o sBysan). 



138 PFCCSOB BOrATCTBO. 

H MHoroBpaTHHft). T. nerpoBi (KoHoraHTHirB OexopoBHTB) HaxoffTb 
iueemh bhaobi (HeeoBepmesHHft MHoroBpaTmifi; fiecoBepmeHsuS se- 
OHpeximeHHHi; seooBepmeHHEdL onpeA&ieEHHt; coBepmeHioifi o;(ho- 
KpaTHufi; ooBepmeHHHft Ha^HHaTesBHHt h ooBepmeHflidi OEOH^aTen- 
HuS). r. BorxaHOBi, HasoHeiiEi, noynaerB Haoi njimu BHAam (Eeco- 
BepmoHHiit, coBepmesHHfi, MHoroKpaTHfiS, oAHOKpaTHuft h OAHORpaT- 
Hiifl MrHOBeBHHfl) *). Htbe^, ckoxulo se BBAOBi HKien pyccKit 
riarojTB: TpH-n, san Kju^ffn r. KHpnflnmHKOFL, TOTEipe-n, sasi 
yniTb r. npeo6paseHCKii; nflXB-in, xaKB noiaraerB r. BorAaHOB'b; 
VJOL^ HaROHei^ii, mecTB, Kara HSBioiHO r. IlerpoBy? He Tpyj^Ho no- 
BHTb BOflKony, xoTfl HeKHoro BHaKOMOny n orpofiHocTBi) y^emfl o ria- 
rojiax'b Apynm HHXO-eBponeftcKHX'B abkbobi, ^no Taxoe im hhoo 
ApofixeHie naron no BHAam cymeoTBeHKO HSMisaen Bce npoAoraB- 
lOHie pyccKOicb riarojA, noroiiy uto wb oaMoirB ocHOBamH sroro 
npexoTaBxeHiii xesHTL y^oHie o uraroxBHoirb bha^- 

nooMorpHiTB Tenepb Ha oiipe;^eHui, AAsaeiaifl y^efiHERaiiB. ffui 
npHirtpa ooraHOBHHCff fia onpeA^eHiH coBopineHHaro BHAa, HHeHHo 
Toro BBAa, xoTopEifl npHSBam saHiHHTb bi pyocicoirB BSsaA neAO- 
crasniee pasHootfpasie BpeMen npomeAniHX'B k 6yAyn^HrB. Fr. KHp- 

nH^HHKOBl H rmpOB'B: cCJOBOpineEEilS BHAl noKasHBaeTB A^fiCTBie 

OBOSHeHHoei nanp. noHHtnt^ npoHumamty uanucamty. Ha^aTB oi TOro, 
^rro vb HpHBeAeHHHX'B yHe6HHK0irB npEMipaxi ciilmaHO npoESBOAOTBo 
HOBiixik oaMooToaTeJKBHsx'L narojioB'B npH noMonui npHcraBOKB (npe- 
^HKCOBi) Gi» npoH8BOAOTBOM% rbiTb SO cnocoOoiTb ooBepmeHHaro bhab. 
Hanp. ^opiia nanjunt HHEaK'B ho Moaserb Curb npHSHaHa ooBepmeH- 
HHiTB BEAOiTb OTb FxaroJia x-mu (ApeBH. rjiarojTB, b'b oioicjA 6pamh\ 
TtJooFb BHAOiTB flBiflOTOfl rxaFon eMfnh. He roBopa o6i aTovB ho 
noHHMaHiH dHa^eHifl oMueia i^BTHpyeifiixi npHMipoBi, oaMo onpoAiieHie 
HmcyAa He roAHTCH. Hanp. am oSosAUMJi^ ana ycnyAay ona nofgpiWHfbAa, 
PasBi vb BTHXi cJiy^nuiX'B hosho HasBaTB A^toTBie h2h oooroHHie 
(oocTOflHie Toace nponyn^eKO vb onpeAihieHiH) OBOHqeHHiniib: o6o3ihb- 
niHOB, oKB, MOseTB Gbttb, BiHTOfl H TonopB; yoHyBmH, noKpaoHiBniH, 
oHa, Mosen 6htb, en^e onHTB, enie He onpaBHxacB on oicynteHUL 
Jl^ifiOTBie Hjni oooroflHie coeepuiuAocbj ho ho BaBepmuocB, ne okoh- 

UiMOCt. HOTOMy-TO BHA'BHHaBKBaeTOH f00Bepm6HHHM1&».ABT0pfiyHe6- 

HHBa aioro ne BHaDn. He ysHan aroro h OBHme MHiBOHa y^anmxoii 
nonBOBaBniHXca vtuwb y^efiHHKOii'B h noJiyHHBmHX'B oaMoe npeBpai> 
Hoe, HenpaBHiBHoe b HeflOHoe nonirrie o coBepmoHHOMi bha^. Me- 
SAy lAvB BTO noHfliie flBjneTCfl no CTOJUbxy-se ooHOBaHieMi Avsyqe- 
Hifl BHABTb, xas'B oaMo y^OHle BHAaxi — ^A^ y^eHla o pyooEom 
raaroii. 

r* GBuipHOBQKift nHmen: ccoBepmeHHuS (bhai) noKasiiBaeTB A'U* 
CTBie HiH oocTOHHie HJUi oKOH^OEHoe (nanp. epocumt^ cnthtni)^ hjbie 
HaHomoe (Eanp. 3anfbmh)y. dio kbri* 6yAT0 ly^me. T. GuEpHOBC!Q& 



*) K/wH., 82; CMpH., 33; np6„ 52; P6. 53> 2Iw/>., 72; Btd., 63. 



XHBBBHSl SyPflAJHGTA. 139 

HO 8a6maen o eocmomiu.^OwbmBiBTb tui se, iro He tojibko oxom- 
HeuHoe AiicTBie bie cooTOflHie o6o8HaweTOfl coBepmeHHinrB bhj^oitb. 
OAHaRo, lanp. Wh HpoAioseniH ta 0isajr&> (be;^^ HecoBepmeHHHtt): 
Heyxeu ffi^SoTBie 6iuo ho Ha^aToe? Hjih bib npeAiosemH «ohi 
cnHTB» ooeioflHie OKasKBaerGa xe Hawnnrb? HejsaiH bi» oaiioirb 
Xirt? A bAa^ (hbotcM^ M cnurn^ $opMH BB^a HecoBepmoHHaro!.. ^a 
H Bootfn^e HeysejEH r. CiupHOBosit noxaraen oepBosHo, vra 
ffUoTBie HiH cocTomde, npomeAmee h Haorofln^ee, Mosen 6vm> 
He nauTHiTb?! A vh tjsjmfiWh BpeneHH h b'b npeAioxeniH <OHa sa- 
soerb> (6ep7 npHxipi r. CmpHOBOKaro) ffUoTBie en^e ne nauTO, 
npH ^eiTB meHHo aro odcroflreJiBCTBO, hto jsjbAvrBie hjui cooroHHie 
eme He Ha^xo, h Bzipasaerofl BOHKHirB dyxymHirb BpeMeHeiTB, oo- 
BepmeHHHM'B h HecoBepmeEHHitb. Cjiobomi, r. CMHpHOBOKifi ^lyBOTBO-* 
Ban BOD HeroAHooTb h HenpaBHJiBHOOTB onpeAiieniA rr. KHponqHE* 
KOBa H rHJupoBa, HO Bib BB^i HoiipaBBH nj^Arb BBecTH TOXLKO cy- 
ry6Hfi cyMfiypi, tojibko a6oypAlb. On nonpaBXH onpeA^enie He onuto 
npaBHJDbHie, sa to orajio HenoHie h o6HBHHBie. H oothh tucsvi> 
y^OHHsoB'B no y^e6RHKy r. CmpHOBOKaro ocTajracB no aroiiy ochob- 
HoMy Bonpocy oi npeBpaniHH'B oOiHOHeHieirb, Koropoe na^o 8a6iiTB, 
^To6u npaBHi&Ho noHHuaTB h ynoTpe6iaTB naroJCbHHe b^a^- 

r. IIpeo6paseHCKifi, nsAaBmift cbod rpamiaTHKy nosAHie r. Cmhp- 
HOBosaro, noBTopaer'b onpeAiJienie nooriAHHro: <ooBepnieHHKtt (na- 
"SHHaiejiBHUft HXH OKOH'^aTejtLHHft— -verba perfectiva) noBasHBaerB, 
^TO A^ftcTBie Ha^aiocB hjih osohujioob; nanp. aamsHymt, sammy, 
3anMmfAz; nponMHymft^ npomsnyA^^ npomjtHy>. Ha^aTB ci T0ro,HTO hh 
samnuymh hh nponMuymb BOBce He HBJUUorofl ooBopmeHHiurB bh- 
AoiTb OTB HeooBepmeHHaro BHAa mmymh (coBepmeHHHft bhai* vh 
aioicb CJiy^ai: nonumymh), h npeAcraBJUiyrB oaMOoroflTejiLBHBie rxa- 
rom, o6pa30BaHH£ie ^esi npHoraBsy. TaRi xe, BaK'b nodrnmymhy 
pacmmymt^ ymmyrnhj enuMymh^ nepemjiHymh, donumytm. Boe 8X0 
narojra ooBepmoHHaro BHAai ho ho aih HeooBepmeHHaro numymh. 
Ore caiiH otb ce6fl ofipasyiorb hobho naroxii necoBepmeHHaro BHAa: 
samjnueamh^ npomjivueamtf nodnuntMamt h t. a* dxoro pasn^H 
Mea^ o6pa80BaHieM'B coBepmoHHaro BHAa ^8i npncraBKy h o6par 
soBanieiCB qpes'B npHoraBKy-se hobutb naroioBS), noBHAHMOiy, ne 
Moryrb noHHTB Boi naniH yie6HHKH. HeHCHOoib vb npeACTaBieniH o 
TiBioshSho.'b BHAarb AOBOAHTCfl 8THMI o6cTOfli:ejaoTBOirb Ao noxnaro 
xaoea. IIpHBeAeHHHe r. IIpeotipaseHeEHM'B nprniipK HHrepeoHu ei 
Apyroft CTopOHu: $opHa aanMnymh npHBOAena bi npHMtpi AltoTBifl 
Hawraro, a ^pna nponMuymt—vh npurbpi oKOH^eHHaro, ho ne- 
ysen €a saiHHy* (npniiipi r. IIpeofipaseHcxaro) osna^aeTL AU(rr- 
Bie Ha^axoe, a «fl npoTHHy* — oKOH^enHoe? O^eBHAHO b% onpeA'^eniH 
eeiB "^To TO o^oHL HeiaAHoe, ecn BiixoAflrB xaKie naeoaxH... Mab 
AiH noiy^enifl Tasoro a6oypAa HaAo6HO tojebko noHHicaTB OiioBa HaHa- 
moe H cKOHHeHHoe Bi etb KbkmBwresbBowb to^homi BHa^eHiH h 

CMUOXil A eCIH MTh nOHHMaTB He Bl TOHHOITB CMBOliy a Vh KaKOlTB 



140 pyCGKOB BOrATCTBO. 

jni6o HHOiTb, TO H6 jijuie-jui HTb saiiisBTfc oiOBan. ufaon^HXH 

8T0TL HHOfl OMUOn? 3ailiHHTB| KOHO^EO 6iU0 6il HO TP7AH0, 6lU0 

6u TOiBKo noHflTHo aBTopAiTb xeKOMOo BHa^ieHie... He noxose, oxsaKo, 

^TO 6H 6EU0 nOEfltHO. 

r. Pii6aK0Bi He npuraaen ooBoin coe^memaw BHxa; oh% sa- 
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