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Full text of "Jets and flashes"

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Thist book should be returntd to 
the Library on or before the la^t date 
:itamped below* 

A fine h incurred by retaining it 
beyond the spectlied lime. 

PleaKe return promptly. 



oTALL-srrum 

CHARGE 









HEKABPb. 1896. 




EHCEM'BC^HHHft 



jiiiTEPiiTypHbiii H HoiKbiii iKypiiyi 



J«12 



C.-HETEPByPrX. 
THao-JlBTorpa$i2 B. M. BoJibijia, Pas'b'isxas, 15. 
1896. 



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HARVARD 

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LIBRARY 

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9. WepToa. Cbhto^bsS pascKasi.. E. E. EomanenKO . 217—228 
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KamuMdimu npeddud^u^uxd uoMcpoez ofcypuaMi^ inaK? 
nam HfbKomopua nuueu Mozyrm ^umh pacnpodanu. 



IIojiHHe aKaeifiuiflpH aypHa-ia «PyccKOO BoraTCTBO> 

3a 1893, 1894 h 1895 ro^a. 

IX^Ha 3a roAt: (Jeai) nepec. 8 p., ex nepec. 10 p. 50 k» 



1* 



OTKpuTa noAHMCKa ^ 

Ha mecTB tomofb co^HHemfi 

H. K. MMXAtiyiOBCKArO. 

HsAasie peAaRAiH sypHsma <PyccMoe BoraTCTBOi. 

YAEIIIEBJIEHHOE 

HSAame 6ojtBmoro ^opHara, fb ^Ba CT0J[6ii;a, bi> 30 neqaxHUX'L ih- 

CTOB'L KaSAUt TOlfb, 

0T> nopTpeTOMT> aBTopa, 

KOTopHfi 6yjiierB npHJioaceiTL ki> IV tomj. 

IIoRnHeHaH B[tHa 9 pydjiea. 

Bi) OTjitjiBHofi iipojta^i niina 3a mecTt tomobT) 12 p. 
rioAnMCKa c^ Ha/iowenHbui^ n/iaTemoiiT> He npNHNMaeTcii* 

no^tiiHcaBmiecfl paHBrne na I h 11 tomi> 3;oiuiaHHBaH)rB 
3a ocTanBHHe qeTHpe xona-G py6jiefi. 

Bbiiujih h pa3AaK)TCfl nojiracqHKaM'B I^h II tt. 

CoAepmaHie I t. I) HpeAHCJioBie. 2) Hto TaKoe nporpecct? 3) 

Teopifl Jl,apBHHa n oSm^ecxBeHHafl nayRa. 4) AnajiorH^ecKifi hotoa'b 

^ Bi o6in;ecTBeHHO& HayEi. 5) JI|apBHHS3in> h onepexKH 0$$eH6axa. 

6) Bopb6a 3a HHAHBHAyajiBHOCTB. 7) Boj[bHHii,a h noABHSHHEH. 8) IIs'B 

jiHTepaTypHHX'L h acypHaiBHHXt saMixoKi 1872 h 1873 rr. 

CoAepwaHie II t. 1) UpecTynjieHie h HaRasame. 2) FepoH n toi- 
na. 3) HayqHHH UHCLMa. 4) HaTOJiorH^ecKaa Maria. 5) Eme o re- 
poaxx. 6) Eme o xojini. 7) Ha BiHCKOfi BceiripHofl BHCxaBEt. 8) ILdT> 
jfflTepaTypHHx-B h sypHajftHHx-L saM'ixoK'L 1874 r. 9) Hbx AHesEHKa 
H nepenacEE HBana HenoMHam^aro. 

nOAHHCKA llPMHHMAETCa: 

Bi> nerepfiyprt — bi» ROHiopi sypaajia «PyccKoe EorarcTBO — 
Baccettaaa yji., 10. 

B-b MocKBt — wb oTAtienia KOHTopu — HaEaxcEia Bopoxa, a* rarapaaac 

HOBAfl KHHrA: 

Bl MlPt OTBEP>KEHHblXl>. 

3anu€KU duetuaeo KamopoicnuKa. 

HsAame peAaRmH jRypaajia «PyccKoe EoraTCTBO». 

I^taa 1 p. 60 K., cb nepeo. 1 p. 80 r. 

UoAnac^aKH <PyccKaro GoraTCTBa> sa nepecHJEy ae iLiaxaTB. 

CKJIAAM H3AA.HIH: 
Brb nexepCyprl^.— KoBTopa <PyccKaro BoraTCTBa>, BacceftHaa yx., 10. 
B^B MoOKBfb.— OTAtfleaie KOHTopu «PyccKaro 6oraTCTBa>, HaRHTcsia bo- 
pOTB, X* rarapHHa. 



ilPMAPOIHHfl KAPTHHKH. 



I. 

CAMOBATM. 

— JteHBTH-TO OCiaBHJIH? 

— Go HHoft, — ycnoKaHBaK) a co6ecixHnKa. 

— Hin, jx,i> nosajDiyftcTa, ociaBBTe. BosBMHxe naiflniHy, h 
juaAHO. 

Si npotiyK) BOspasaTB. Moft co6Gcijsp]iLKb roBopHXi p^H* 

T&SBHO: 

— Gx^jiaflTe MHJiocTb-. a to a 6yAy 6e8noKOHTBca. HejiOB- 
RO Ha caMOKaii cb AedBraiiH-TO. ^a h nacsKH ociaBiuni-du, a 
TO ii'InoHRa-TO sojiOTaa. 

^acHRE a OTRasajica ociaBiiTB h cnimy offlBaxBca. 
Mojl co6eciju3.iiiKi>y HHxeropoACKift Mtn^aHHEB, SHaTOR'B caMO- 
RaxoBB, AABHO o6iii^aBimft cboahtb nena^ cHAnrB y HeHfl bb rom- 

Haxi B RpHTH^eCRH OCMaTpBBaerB HOft ROCTiOHl. 

— 9x1, iiHflflMiTORi-TO nonjiome-6H, aa botb hto,— HaA^HB- 
Te^aa bofb xorb RapTysHRi, BBticio mjianBi. 

HaRoneii'By Moft cnyxHHK'B yAOBjiexBopHJiCfl, xoxa h ho cobc^itb, 

MOHMl ROCTiOMOBIB, H HU OTnpaBHJdHCB. 

— Bbi y^'B, RaaceTca, cJuonKoirB 6oHTecB, MapRejTB GtenaHo- 
BH^i, — CMiiocB a. — TaK'B yax HenpeniHEO h orpa6arB. 

— He oflHO 3T0. PasBasRH laRoft ne Cyjerb. YBHsarB — 6a- 
pBHib, a CO cBOHiTE TO HCJiOBiKOMB — pasroBop'B spyroft. JlioCa- 
HBiTCTByeie noBBAaTB, ace nysHO ocMOTp'i^TB. Jifi b AynaeTe — ho 
orpa6arB? Tarb-jm o6pa6oTaK)rB — juo6o-Aoporo. HocMOTpBTe (mh 
noRXOAHJia Ri apRO ocBimeHHOft DJiomaAH) — BorB Tyii ro- 
CTBHHBi^a fiHJia: fiHaajio — nano^TB a& b cnycTflTB bb npyA'B. Te- 
nepB-To, ROHeHHO, aio noBuaejiocB, a BceiaRB, h66ocb, ^EraeTe 
BB rasoTaxB: «HafiAeHi> yipoMi HeBSBtcxHuft, bi 6e8C03Hax6j[B- 
H0M<v> cocxoanlB na canoRaxcRoft njioii^aAB>. OxRyAa HeBSBicxHuft- 
xo Bsajica? Boxi b coo6paaca&xe. TenepB mu ri npiaxejoo saft- 
AeiTB. GjiHinaJiB, CoJiBinofl accopxBM6Hxx npBBesi bb axoirB roAy. 

^ByXBaxaiRHUft AOBTB, BUCXpOOHHUfl B3B fiapOHHUX'B 6peB6H'B, 

cb <raji[A&p6flMB» B 6ajiK0HaMB. IIojiobbau maxaioxca noAi* ho- 



€ PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

niMH, njnoxo npHJiasrenHue o6oh mejuecT^rB he CT'lHax'B, rpH3- 

HKfl noJii, rp^sBue ctojibkh b caji4>eTKF^ rpH8Ba>a npscjiyra, ho 

. 9JieKTpBHecKoe ocBtmeBie, ry^BrL wysHKa, ecit citeHa h nyfijiHKa, 

H apTHCTH — I^ijIHfl «aCCOpTBMeHT'B> apTHCTOBl. 

Hacb npoBOAflT'b na canyio ci];eBy, r'b OAHOHy hs-b leTupexi ] 

CTOJiBROB'B, opeABasEaHeHBiax'b a^a noHeTBuxi rocTefi. Rpoici i 

Haci, Tarn* sacinaiorb: no^TeHHHfl cTapHK'b'Ky^e^^J c^cifloftCo- 

pOAOft, Bl A^BBBOM'B Kd^TaB^, CI RpaCHUlfB JUBI^OH'B H IIBAHeHL- 

KBUH rjnasaiiB, RaKofl-TO BHA^RaRi, MBpBO cnaBmift, noJioacBBi 
roJiOBy Ha ctojibr'b, ycTaBjieHBuft ubbhumh 6yTUJiKaMH, lera cy- 
npyroBi, ;iojtjkbo 6utb npi'i^s^HX'B Min^aH'B, nyrjiBBO osnpaB- 
nraxcfl BO CTopoHdMi. 

OrpoMEUft 3ajii>*capafi fifirjit 6htrom'& naCim. Bj^aJin n no 
OAEOB CTopoBi^ sajia 611IJIH pascTaBJieHu ctojihrb, ;ipyraB CTopoHa 
H cepeA&Ha Cujih sanaTU ny6jiBRoft, ROTopyio OTA^Ji^Jia ovb cuesoi 
HaTiiHyTaa na CTOJiCaxi BepeBRa. dro 6iirjiE rpysHHRH cb cyjsfiwb^ 
iiaTpOcu, RaMeEBHiBRH H TOTi ccoGeHBKft ROHTBBreHTi> ^pifapoH- 
HOft nyCjiBRHj ROTopyio MoacHO BciptTHib TOJTBRO Ha caMORaiaxi. 
Mni ccoCeBHO CpccBjiBCB b'e rorasa CTOBBniie BuepeAH y canoft 
BepeBRH, orpouBaro poCTa b aTjieTH'fecRaro cnoaceHii jhohobhr'b, 
BT) xojin;eBOMT> CaJiaxoHi^, ch no'^epH'lBmeft orB sarapa meeft, ch 

KpaCBBIMl nOTBUM'B JIBHOMl H BaJIBTUMH RpOBBH) TJiasaMH,— ^H- 

rypa npocBBmaiiCH Ba RapTsny, n p^aomi ci hbmi TaiapHH^ b^ 
TH6eTeflRi, cb cM']bion]^BMca jibbiomI) h 6&mira syCaMB; Bsi-sa 
Hjie^'B TaxapBHa BsirjiBjiHBaJio GoJi'lsBeHHoe jieho Gesycaro h 6e3- 
6opoAaro mojuoaofo napna, He OTpuBaBmarocji rjiaBaHn orB citeHu. 
KpyroMi BBAH^BCB Bce HOXHaTBTA roJioBH, RpacHU£[ noTHBiH jmi^a^ 
sanujieHBHii, rpjisBHH, ci acaABUH'B JiioConBiTCTBoirB nenoABnauio 
CMOTplBmi;! na ci^eHy,— ny^JiBRa sanjiaTBJra naTaRi sa bxoa'b h 
xonerB BSflTB aa nero Bce otb cn;eBH. 

EuJio acapRO h Ayinno, RaRofi-io CHsuft TynaHi bhc^ji^b nhgb 
rojroBaMB. Ha cn;eH'l cba'Iji'b xopi BJiaABMipi^eB'B-poaceqHHROB'By 
Bi cyROEHuxi HOAAeBRaxi, Cb naBJiHHBBMB nepBBMH Ha Rpyr- 
jiHXi mjiflnaxi h nrpaji^ <He CyjCBie MeBa MOJiOAy*. 

— Aa-c^? BJieTijio 3% RonteHRyl— oC'BflCHAJi'B HaMi xosiniHi, 
lopRaa xyAeHBRaa ^arypa, b'b sacaoieH^OM'B ciopTyRi. — Bora r'b 
npHM^py, ryAOHBBRB, ajieRTpB^ecTBO, onaTB-ace apTBCTH... 

Moft CnyTHHR'B COT^BCTBOHHO BSAUXaJI'B B "lORaJICa C^ X08JIH- 
HOITB H-bSRHHCROft pafinHOft. 

— npomjioroAHie apiHCTH-To?— cnpocHJH ohb. 

— HirB-CB, HOMHJiyftTe. TaRHXi hh y Roro aiaicB B%rB... 
Ara^BA neipoBHal Ri Haiiii noAomjia A^BBUia wb tphro, cb rjiy- 
jiOBaTUM^ jiHitOM'B B RpyHHUim (|>opMaMH MOJiOAoro xijia. 

— BorB neyroABO-JiH ocBHAtTejiBCTBOBaTB. 



aPMAPO^HUfl EAPTBJEIKH. 7 

Ji^iBmiB, corHyjia bi jiort^ npasyio pyKj, n Moft cnyTHHRi 
norporajTb o6TWYme ke tphko, naccHBHue MycRyjiH njieia... 

— Jifi'iyhy uoxMO CRasaTB A^BHi^a! — noHeicy-TO esAOXHyBHUi, 
nporoBopmrb oh'b h raaiaHTHO npexJio:KHjrB HisHHCROtt paCHfiu. 

— KasaHCRia Cyjexe? 

— MaMaAumcRafl,— OTB^TEJia Ara^La IleTpoBHa. . 

— A ^To coCcTBeHHO, nosBOJiBTe ysHaib, HsoSpaacaeie? 
XosAHHi sanaxaji'b pyRaMH h nepe6HJi'B: 

— A BOT-B caMH ysHAHie, RaR'b Hyirepi roh^htch. 
cHyMepoMi* 6ujrB oa^tbiA bi rpasHoe TpHRO, cb norpeHym- . 

KaMH — rHMHacTi, BepT^Bmiftca na Tpanei^iH, noAHHHaBinlft sy- 
CauH :Kejrb3HyK> nojiocy a A^JiHBmift annJiOAiicM6HTK nyfijrHRH co- 

CBOeft AOHKOfly A^BOHKOft JLiVh CeHH-BOCBMH, H laRHO OA^TOft • B% 

TpHRO cx norpeMymRaiiH^ TaRse BeprlBmeflca na Tpanei^H, bu- 
AinuBaBmeft cajiLTO-HopTajie na rpasHOiTB Roapi, h xaR^e, KaRi 
H orei^i), nocBiJiaBineft noi^^^TH cbohhb MaJieHBRBUH najuBHHRaMH 

JRHBOft CT^F^ "fejtOB^HeCRBX'B T^JTB, JRaAHO TJiaAiBniHX'B Ha ci^eHy. 

Tpanei^iH yfipana. Ha cnfiwi nociaBJieHu ABa cTyjia, na ctojibro 
AueRO OAHFB orB Apyraro, hto Ara^Ba ileipoBHa jibsht'e na 
OAHOMi nm msxh saiujiRoirB, a na ApyroMi— naTRaifH. JQIJBa ora- 
Kea ycTanaBJiBBaiorB na neft 6oieHRH cb boaoA, a xoagnHi o6pa- 
nj^aeica ri nyCjniR']^ cb RopoTeHBRofl pi^Bio: 

— Esejin, rocnoAa, y Roro coMHinie na cnerB o6MaHa... 
Kpoiny noRopHO. CenB ConeHROB'B — ipHAi^aTB natB nyAOBi. 
Ilpomy noRopHO. KoMy yroAHO? CA*Jiaftre OAOJUKeme! 

Tojma uoJinwrby h tojkbro hsi saAHHX'B phaob'b pasAaerca oah- 
HORifl roJioci. 

— FocnoAHHx Ryneiti, (JyjBTe ctojib jooSesHH, npocHMi» no- 
RopHifime... 

Bjiaroo6pa8Hufi Rynem noAomeA'B rb ciyjiBaifBy cb cepBes- 
HHHi> bhaom'b noAHaJOLi* H noRa^ajTB ABa 6oHeHKa, onero BOAa 
6yjiiBRHyjra bi* hhx'b, h creneHHO oCpaxHJica r^b lOJini: 

— npaBHJiBno, rocnoAa, GyABxe 6e3i cyMJOLieia. 

GeHB CoHeHROB'B B'B TpHAKaxB naxB nyAOB^B Jie^Raxi Ha jrh- 
Boaij na rpyAH h na Horax^ Ara^BH IlexpoBBH, — MHi Rasexca, 
ysacHO AOJiro JiejRaxi, — h aca xojina, RaRi oahhi h6J[0B'&ri, 
RaRi-TO BCROJiiiXByjiacB, RorAa cnajiH^ GoneHRn, h npnifaAOHHa cb 
6arpoBiUi'B JiBi^oifB cxajia pacRJiaHHsaxBca nepeAi ny6jiHRoft. 

— A^-CB, MOJRHO cRasaxB A'i^BHi^a! — onaxB BSAOxnyBmH cRa- 
sajTB Hoft cnyxHHKB. XosaHHy jrecxHO, ho ohi A'^Jiaexi paano- 
AyniHoe jihi^o. 

— ^o-atT), Ara$Beft IlexpoBHoft a AOBOJieHi... OAoCpaiOTB. 
TojiBRO Boxi, HOCMoxpHxe, — ceroAHa y Mena Ae6K)XT>: apxHCTB ho- 
BBift— 9X0Ti> en^e nosaHaxnie 6yAeTT>. Hsb Capanyjia BBnnicaH*B. 

OnaxB fia ci^eHt ABa cxyjia, h onaxB saxHJiiROirB h naxRaMH 



8 PrCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

jiescHTi Ha HEX'S HejiOBiBii Bi TpHRO. Eify Rjraxyn Ha JUBOnb 

HaROBaJIBHH) H Cb 06^EKT> CTOpOHl CTaHOBHTCfl HO JiaReH), Cb 

Ky8He«[BnbiMn HOJioTKaMH wb pyRaxi« GeoBa BCTynETennoe cjiobo 
aHTpenpenepa: cEsojni cyiuiiHie... npomy noROpHO>.«^ 

Ha CA6Hy BucKaRHBaen hsii Tojnm ifOJioxoft napOHb, ci 
cepBrQft Bi> jjA, npoCyen HaROBaJUBHio, MOJiorb h rpoMRO h Be- 
C6JI0 o6'BHBJiiaerB: 

— HacTOflmma, pofi^xa... 

KopoTRie, cyxie y^apu najaiorB Ha naROBajiBHK) h TaRi» 
CTpanmo, rpoMRo pas^aioTCH bi» nmamei nacToposHBineftcfl toji- 
nu. fl cjoimy, oahh'b h, jsjo tojihu 3T0 He xoxoahti, KaRi sa 
RaacAUM'B yAapoiTB BBipuBaeiCH H3i> rpy^H Jnesan^aro sa CTyjiKflX'b 
HeJEOB'&Ra, HO TO BSAoxoicB, He TO CTOHOMi, CAaBJieHHoo «yrBl» 

ToJifla npHjDiBHHyjiacB ri canoft citeHt, jhomobhri RaRi»-TO no- 
RpacHijii> en^e 6oJsfbe, h BOJiocaTUfl, ^RHJincTUH pyKH bhejihcb vh 
BepeBRy. TaTapHHi BX.nojinoirb BocTopri h Becejio CRajnrrb cboh 
6'bjme ayCu, HOJiOAOft napens oiyTHjiCH BnepexH, cxpaniHO xy- 

fpt H ROCTJIflBBlft, B6Cb 06CBinaHHUft HSBeCTKOA H CTpaHHO 6ij[Ut. 
CO CBOHICB 6jrlAHHHl JOLHIfOirb H UpHJIHnniHMH RO Jl6y COBCilTb 
CB^TJIIIMH BOJIOCaMH; OHl SCaXHO, He OTpUBaHCB, CMOTpHTb, RaKb, 

ynapi sa yAapomb, onycRaioTCfl uojiotu na naROBaJibHio, h Bpeicfl 
orb BpeMOHB OTRpfiiBaeTi h saKpiJBaerb porb, cjiobho rjioTaeT^ 
Bosj^xi, RaRii pu6a, BunyTan uai boam. 

H en^e yAapi, h en^e y^api^.r h B^pyrx a ycjiumajTb, RaRi 
H3X CAinJKeHHUxi ayfioBi BupBaoicji xpHUJiiiifl monorb, orb bo- 
Toparo a BSAporayirb: «6-6-6eft mH6TC!»... ^eCioraHTb xoierb 
ycnixa, aprscTi nn^eTi cjnasu, Tpe6yeTX jiaBpoBi! 

ycn:6Binift npocHyTbca miAsaR'b' neHCTOBo xjionaerb, na^'b 
Tojmofl noAUMaeTca ryjrb, RorAa saMOJraajiH yA^tpu^ h apTHcrb, no* 
maTUBaflCb, RjraHaexcfl ny6jiHR'fi. 

— ByjibHo 6pK)xo SAopoB'b! — BHpHBaeTca BeceJiuft roaocb 
TaTapHHa: — afl^ SAopoB'b 6pH)xo! 

— Bh-jih!— npespHTejibHO roBopHTi jioMOBHR'b, noBopa^HBaa 
roJiOBy Ki ROMy-TO, CToa^^eMy caaAH ero. — ToJibRO cjiaBa, 'ito . 
fiiiJiiH... OMiiaH'b OAHHb... JI|ajiH-6H BAapHTb pasoRi! MomenHHRH! 

JIoMOBHRi HJiioHyjrb H pa9cep2ceHHuft ymeJii* YmeJi'b h Ta- 
xapHH'b, cTajia piA^Tb TOjma, h mojioaoA napeHb aojito cToaJTb 
OAHHtb cpeAH sajia, cjiobho sacTHBrnn, ci rjiasaiiH, ycTpeioreHHUHH 
Ha cr^eny. 

-- ^ero, Ay^BHa, CTOHmb!— RpHRHyjuH eiiy csaAH: — TOJibRO 
BacTHmb. 

MojiOAOfl napeHb pacTepanHO orjianyjica RpyroMi, rjiy6oRO 
BSAoxHyjn H sanjieTaioniHinica maraicH nonjiejica Kb BuxoAy- 

— CMOTpHTe, axo ayaHRH Ryxarb. 

MapReji'b CTenaHOBHHi yRasaji'b nni na CToaHRi; neBAajieRi 
OTb BepeBRH, ycTaBaeneuft OyrbiJiRaMH, sa ROTopuirb Ryxnaa kom- 



flPMAPO^HUa KAPTHmiH. 9 

naHifl jnoffit HeonpexijieHHOft npo^eccin. KoMaHAOBaJtB BucoRift, 

<$pHTUft CE pUSHMH yCaMH, BOeHHOft COaAKH HeJIOSi^Rl, TOTL, 

KOTopufi RpHKHyjii pa napHfl. Ohi bhabmo CaxaajiHJicfl, Tpe6o- 
B&Hi €inHnyq2u?o», yron^ajii 6poAHBniHX% no sajiy ap^ecTomb h 
Kpn^ajTb Ha xoaaHHa sa to, ^to jiaReft noftajii eny nepejRapeH- 

HUA 6HBIIITeRCl. 

— Bu noHeicy sHaeie, hto dio jRyjiHRH? — ciipocEuii> a Map- 
Rejia CTenaHOBHHa. 

— Eme-6H He sHaiBl — otb^thjii oh%,— pHaift-To 3to Ryne- 
HecRift cuHi RSI... — owb HasBajTb ropoAi» — npejRAe ToproBajii, 
jiaBRa CBOfl Cuiia, a TenepB na flpnapRi nMHOHbRHxi Ryni^OB'b 
o6pa6aTHBaerb. nosHaROMHTca ci uhHsuwby saBeAeri b% Ka6n- 

H6Tb HJIH Vb HOMep^— H TOTOBO. A TOTl, TOJICTUA, HTO Ha HO- 

Min^HRa noxosi, Ha napoxoAax-B l^xBTb, bi Rapiu Hrpaerb^ h 
ocxaJiBHue-To hsi ero matRH. 

3aaa omiTB CTajia nanojiHflTBCH. nHAsaRi, CHAiBmift na cufiHi^ 
HanajofB 6yAHHTb h 6NJi'b BUBeAeni JiaReaMH; tojibro 6jiaroo6pa8- 
Huft Ryneit'B npoAOJixaJi'B CHA'^Tby yroH(ajrb Ara^Bio IlerpoBHy 

HijRHHCROA pflCnHOA H, COBcini HBAHJUft, HTO*TO rOBOpHJI'B eA 

saHJieTaion^HMCH asHROMi. 

— Hy RaRi, MapRejii* CrenaHOBHHi? — cnpocujrB xomhfb. — 
€apanyjiBCRiA-TO noxjie^e Ara4)BH nerpoBHH CyAerb? 

— TnepAHA tojiob^rx, ^to h roBopHTB. Tojibro h Ara^BA 
nerpoBHa cbok) ubBj KiAeThy — chojii HysHuirB sacTynnxBCfl hoA 
cnyiHERB. — A M02CH0 apTHCTa-TO vb ROKnaHiK) namy npHrjiacHTB? 

— Oinero-JKe. 

— He MoryrB ohh, oTAuxaK)!!^,— BepnyjiCfl c% oTBiTOirB no- 
cjiaHHuA JiaReft. 

— BorB H cMOTpHTe, MapRejii GTenanoBBH'B, — sajioBajicfl 
xodflBHi. — Ara^Bfl IleTpoBHa, CapanyjiBCRifi^ BjiaAHMipi^i, ai- 
jaerB, — Bcixi i:opMHTB-n6HTB nysHO... 3A:facB, BiA^^ ne AepeBHfl^ 
caHH SHaeie, napoA'B CuBajaift, ch niiTB-TO HH6yAB ne cyHeniBCfl. 
OMTB-jKe Bon, €JiOARa». 

— Pa3B% JiOARa?— noBHAHMOMy, HoA cofiec^AHHR^ CHJiBHO sa- 
HHTepecoBajicfl.— Fa^^ aTaHana posuCRajiB? 

— Bi RaiaimBHi. dcayji^-io snaRomft, ohi y hhxi tpynny 
AepKHn. 

Ha citeni nepeA'B ^HcrapMonieA cToarB BOceHB HejiOBiRi, 
OA'fiTBixi B'b ROcoBopoTRB H RopoTRio RasaRHHH. BnepeAB Bclxi 
orpoHHaro pocra, BpoA% JioMOBBRa — aiaMaHi, roBoparB MOHOJiorB, 
CHJIBHO aecTHRyjiBpya: 

«He CTaji BOpOHOBis ojieTajiacb 
<Ha rpyAH tji'Sidiahx'b Kociefi, 
<3a BoJirofl, ho^bk), — BRpyrB orneft 
«yAaj[Hxi> mafiKa codnpajiacB. 

MoHOJiopB ROH^HJica. MipHO pacRa^HBaacB h yAapaa bi 



10 PXCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

IBKTb Jiaj(OHAMH, — ^0 A0JI3RH0 H806paJKaTB HJIOCKli BecejTB, — nOKh 

aRROMnaHHtfeHTb ^HcrapMOHiH noH)rB: fBEnsi* no vaTyinRi— no 
Bojirt*. 

Mother p'fisRO OTJin^aercfl otb o6£iHHaro h RasercH hh^ 
6ojiie CHJiBHuiTb H oAymeBJieHHuirB. 

— 9cayjn>I— rycTUMi 6acoirB RpsHHTb aiaHaHi uoarb nep- 

BOft CTpO(f>H. 

— ^TO yrojHO, ataiiaffB? 

— A nocifOTpH Bi noAOBparejiBHyK) Tpy6y. 

dcayjiB, xjAeHLRift, ^axoTO^Haro BH^a nejiOB'bieRi, b% Rasa- 
RHHi, obmnLTowb noayifeHTOMi, HsoGpaacaerB nocpeACTBOHi abjxx 
RjjraROBi cnoAOspmeJiBHyH) Tpy6y> h lOHeHbREM'B TeHopROM*b 

RpHHHTb: 

— BH-«yl — H noHCHHerB, hto BsajiH BHAHieiCfl Apy^HHa 
BoesoAU. PasrH^BaHHufi 6d6'B aiaiiaHa rpeHBTB: 

— IIIto Ham BoeBOAa.*. PasBixH He SHaeniB, hto a BOJua- 
cRift aTatfaHi? 

Jl^ijio cb Apy^KHHOft ORaHHHBaeTCH 6jiaronojiyHHO,.H cnoBa 
nJiecR'B Beceji^, h m%pho pacRa^Baioii^jicfl ^nrypM, CHosa^ noen 
^HcrapMOHia h ABa ajiBTa HajiBiiiROB'B - hoapoctrob'b RpacHBO 
Hecyicfl: <no mHpoROMy pasAOJiBioi. 

— 3cayjrBl 

— %o yroAHO, aTaManx? 

— A nOCMOTpH... 

dcayjTB cvoTpHTB n AORJiaABiBaerB, ^o Ha ropi noRasaJdOCB 
ceJio. 

pfl^OBOJiBHuft aTanaHi ROMaHAyeii: 

— dft, pe6aTa, npHHajiHBafll Ilopa h rbm-Lj xofipuiTB mojiox- 
AaiTB, OTAOXHyTB, HeAy-6parH xjie6HyTB, cb RpacHmiH A'i^BHAauH 
noryjiHTB. 

Owb ROMaHAHpyeT'B acayjia 06'BaBHTBy hto owb^ boju^rcrIA aia- 
Mani, Bi rocTH ijifivb. 

dcayjui npHHocHTB HeyrlmnTejTBHHii Bicra: BCflRaro Ao6pa 
laifB MHoro, H HHpi HAeiB Ha cjiaBy, a ero, BOJo:cRaro aiaMana, 
npHHHMaTB He xoTATB. — HdkWh paAu laHB, RaRi HepiaiTB, — ao- 
Ran^HBaerB oh'b CBOft a^kj^^A^- 

ATanaH^B hphxoaht'b bi apocTB h rpeHHT'B: 

— Ajih th nopaAKy mobo ne sHaeniB, — Moefl bojih ne cnoji- 
HaeniB. Hoorhri bb doRB, Aa b'b RyjiORi, jifl, bi MaxyniRy-Bojiry. 

AiaHaHi BBTnpHMJifleTca n cranoBHTca Bume, ero orpouHUft 
RyjiaRi noAHHMaeTca bi B08Ayx% h noacHaexB, RaRi nysHO 6BU10 
pacnpaBHTBca, a bb roJioc% sBynan hotu, otb rotopbix'b a^- 
jtaeica syiRo. 

HeHSB^CTHO, ,^irB ROHHHOica HHi][HA9HirB Cb AepeBHeft, no CHOBa 
naecRi BeceJTB, h JiOARa njruBerB naJAe bhhs'b no HaiyniR'b — no 

BOJM^. 



• flPMAPO^HHS RAFTHHKH. 11 

— 3ft, aiaicaH'B, npH^ajiHBaft RiHameMy 6epery!— pasAanocB, 
RaRi» TOJiBRo cjiOARa» ROH^oijiacB, cb Toro CTOJia, r^i RyTHJia no- 
AOspHTejiLHafl ROMnamH. 

cJIoARa> nepemjia Kb hxi CTOJiy, h orryAa CHOBa pasAajmcB: 
«9cayjii! — %o yroAHo, aTaMafffi*... 

— CRaxHTe, noacajiyftcTa, rocnoAHHi axaMaffB, — oCpaTHJica «, 
Rorxa aTaHaHi), ORasaBmiftcit AoCpojiyniHuifb 'iejioB'|RO]n> h juo- 
fiHTeJieM'B AOJiroBCROft boarh, ocbo6oahjic£ h noAciJi'B rb nameMy 
CTOJiHRy: — OTRyAa bmjih bu nepBuft MOHOJiort: cHe ciaa Bopo- 
HOBi cJieTajiacB>? 

— A Hs^ rocnoAHHa IlyniKHHa. He H360JniTe pasB'^ noH- 
betb: «6paTBa Pa36oftHHRH!» H cJiy^HJii SHMy ary bb D^apH- 
ipiiffi, TdLKT> TaMomHift aTanaH'B TaRB HaiHHaerB,— hh*! h noHpa- 
BHJiocB. H Han^Bi laifonmlft — HHsoBufi. Y nacB, b^ab, Bce TaR^B: 
Tji^i OAHO CJiOBeHRO, rgb Apyroe ycjoumHinB h BcraBHniB. IS.TOfiwh 
S2LKb'6n nojiynnie Ast noHOB^e. 

Hame ofin^ecTBO pascTpoHJuocB*. Memo MeHH bb MajieHBRyio 
ABepB €Ra6HHeTa> npocROJiBSHyjca icoJiOAaa ^ReHn^nHa b'b mHRap- 
HoicB ROCTioifb, CB TOJUOBoft, laRB yRyTaHHoft RpyaceBHUiTB njiar- 
ROHi, HTO jam?L en a ne mopb xopomeHBRO pascHOTpiiB. 

XosAHHB yacacHO saBOJmoBajiCH* Oh'b RHHyjiCH bi Ra60H6TB, 
TOTHacB bhcrohmx h, 6pocHBiiffl Ha xoAy JiaKeflMB:— Poae^HH- 
KOBi»! — RyAa-TO CRpujiCA, CHOBa 6pocHjiicfl BB RaCHHen H, B006- 
JDfij o^HapyacHBaJnx npHsnaRH Heo6iiRHOBeHHaro BOjmeHia. Aa h 
H6 owb OAHHi: JiaReH CB ,08a6o^eHHUMH jnemaKH topohjihbo 

HOCHJIH. Vb ^RafiHHeTB BOA^Cy, nHBO, paSHOI^BiTHUA CyTUJIRH, 

3aRycRH; aTanaHB posucRkjTB acayjia^ nnpoBaBmaro Bce B'B 
TOft-»e noAoapHTeJiiBHOft ROMnaniH, nomenrajicfl cb hhhb o 
^eifB-TO, nocjii ^ero acayjTB ropRHyjTB bi RaCnHerx; ryAOHHHRH 
HipajiH OKHBJieHHOy cobcIhi ne TaRB, RaRB E&cnfiE^y — Boo6n^e, 
Bcb BOJiHOBajiHCB H RyAa-TO cnimHJiH. MapROJi'B CTenanoBHi'B 
Cbtji'B ohohb saHHiepecoBaHi b, yjiy?HBi UHHyxRy, nepexBaiHjrB 
6iraBmaro bx RaGnnerB h ofipaTHo xosjaiHHa. 

— %o 310 y BacB, HBaHx AnApeeBHro, RaRa^ TaRaa oco6a? 

— Fpynia TaiiSoBKa, BHaeie, cojmcTRa HSi... — ofb nasBaJTB 
OAHy HS'B caiffuxi mHRapnux'B flpHapoHHux'B rocwHHHit'B* 

^epeSX H'iROTOpOe BpOMH, AOJiaCHO 6BITB ynpdBHBmHCB, xo- 

sAHHi noAclJE'B Kb HaicB E BUOJiFOJioea ciajTB pascRasiiBaTB. 

— KyTETB npi'lxana. OTHaaHHOft AjniE Ai^BHita! KaR'B o6pa- 
CoiaerB RaRoro-nnCyAB Rynita, TaKi> e RyTETB ba^cb bck) ho^ 
IlponiJiuft pasB TpncTa pyCjieft ociaBEjra. 

— %0'JKe oHa TyTB xkjiMTb? — CB EsyifJieHieM'B cnpocAJTB 
MapRejuB CTenaHOBETB. 

— BoTB coeeperi Bcftxi apincTOBi (bx bto Bpenfl ebx Ra6fl- 
Hera HecjiocB: «9cayjrBl— ^ToyroAHO, aiaMaHi?*)— nepenoETB exi 
BcixijBflHiTpefiyeTB, saRycRE; hotoe'b h^tb sacTaBETB, nJUHcaTB. 



12 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

MapRejTb CTenaHOBHq'b Bce He noHmiaJTB h HexoyirbBaioii^iiME 
rjiasaiiH CMOTpiji'B Ha xos^naa* 

— RaEaa »e noJiBsa efi? 

— XapaKTepi y nefi laRofi. TaMi naffb Heft RypaasaTCJi, a 
sjiicB oHa yAOBOJiBCTBie CBoe zuien. H Bce oaho— BaKiKyniiu 

Cb HHMH, ap^HCTKaMH, TaRl H OHa... CaAHTCfl Ha ROJltHH, ROFO 

yroAHO i^^yeTi, AenBrn 6pocaerB hicb h Bce, ^o eft jdoCo, a"^- 
jiaerB. A botb nofflApjuTe nonosxe, HapoAi> pasoftAexca, BuftAen 
Ha d^eny,— cana iiJiacaTB noftAei'B h bc^^x^ saciaBHT'B. H hjui- 
merh tojibro... H mo lyrB 6yAerB... nB^HHe Bci! 

lizT> RaCHHera necjiocB cHe 6'Ijibi cni^rH.t FycToft CacB aia- 
nana, cHJiBHoe ROHipajibTO H.RpacHBue ajiBTBi noRpuBajiH BecB 
xop:B. JIaReH nponecjiH HOBBift sanaci 6yT£iJioR:B, h RorAa si yxo- 

AHJTB, HS'B Ra6HHeTa CJIHniaJlBCB TOHOrB HJIflCaBUIHXl HOFB H AH- 

Kie oRpBRH sceacRaro rojuoca. 
I 

KapayjE'B, Rapayji'B! 

OxTb paBtSofi, pa86ofi, paaOoft, 
CyAapHHM moh! *) 

IlBflHaa nicEa necjiacB cb Apyroro ROHAa, ta^ Rynum synHRH 

nOABUnHBmiH ap<j^HCTRH CB Ha6'ljieHHU]fH JIHI^aMH, Bl Rpn- 

qaD^Hxi, ajTflHOBaTHxi ROCTioiiaxi, CEjsjbxsL Ha ROJrinflX'B rocreft, 

HHJIH HHBO H TOpjiaHHJIH ntCHH... 

SI Cb HlROTopBiiTB HyBCTBOM'B ofijierqenifl Bumejii na CB^jRift 

BOBAyX'B. 

GaHORaxcRaa njion^aAB saoiHTa BJieKTpHHecTBOirB. Ee oCcTynBjra 
RpyroMi TaKie ^e AByxidTamnne Aona, RaK% h totb, hs^ roto- 
paro Mu Biimjin, cb laRHMH se frojiAape^MHi h CajiRonaMH. 
Hsi OTRpBiTBixi nacreacB orohi» BurjiflABiBajiH Ha6ijieHHfiLH h 
HapyManeHHUH jRencRii jinii;a, oni srq cHOBajm MeacAy rpynnaMH 
napoAa, nanojiHflBmHMH njion^aAB h nepexoAHBrnauH otb TpaRrepa 
Kb TpaRTHpy. Rto-to Roro-TO 6HjrB, HBHHaH pacTepsaHHafl jRen- 
H^HHa BaJiiuiacB b'b hbijih h nponsHTejiBHO RpH^asa na bch) hjio^ 

maAB. IlBHHUJi H'IcHH HBCJIHCb HS'B QROHB. 

KoH(|)eTKa MOH jneAeHHCTaH, 
noJiK)6HJia a MHJioro, pyMflHHOTaro — 

H'&I'B OAHHlk TpaKTnpX. 

Befl, 6efl, 6efi nocyAy, 
Jlefi, Jiefi, Jieft bi. nooyAy, 
"5to6i. Tpemaao see KpyroMt, 
Hto6h cymifi 6uarh cojxowhl... 

BTopHJiTb eMy Apyroft TpaRrapi. 

A AHRift RpHRi: <EapayjiBl Rapayjii! Oxb, pasGoft, pasCoft, 
pad6ofi!..— AOJiro en^e npoAOJiacaJnv sBOHiTB bb mohxi ymaxx. 



*) npHntei MOAHoft B'b TOTi» vofi.'b spMapoiiaofl n'^HH. 



flPMAPOIHWa KAPTDHKH. 13 

IL ' 

M A M O H bl. 

nepeffHflfl BCfl ycTasjieHa JiaBpoBHMH A^peBLAHH. PacTopon- 
Hue niBefti^apii bi» pyccKHXi ROCTioMax'b npiiHHMaiorB nuianH 
n najiRH, no ycTJiaHHOfl ROBpaicH jrlcTHfliii to h a^o mHupH- 
lorb JiaReH b'l 6e8yKopH8HeHHO hhctuxx KOCTiOMaxi, CBepxy ao- 
HOcaTca 3ByKH MysiJRH H ryji'B roJiocoBi>^ Ha ci^H'i, na^'B ji^ct- 

HHI^eft <|»0T0rpa$BqeCKiH RapTO^RH apTHCTOB'B H apiHCTOR'B Bl 

pasaoo^pasHux'b ROCTK)Maxi>, h bi> cpeAHH'l hxii 6ojQ»nioft nopTpen 

nuniHOft RpacaBHI^V, CHJIBHO X^KOJIBTflpOBaHHOft. 

cIIpeMnpoBaHHafl RpacaBni^a* — uoBCuaerb uni xosahbtb ro- 
CTHHHBi^Nr. 3ajiBToe dJieRTpaHecRHMi CB'lToirby sajio 6HTR0irb na- 
6Hro. Merpi a'otcjib bo ^paR'b h G^jiomI) rajiciyxi aojito boaptb 
HBHa MesAy rtcno pascxaBJieHHuifn n saHaTUMH i][y6jiHR0ft cto- 
jniRaMH, noRa iieHa He ORJiHRnyjii h ho nparjiacHji'E ri> cedi 
saaROMuft, cHA^Bmift oahhoro sa CT0J[0in>. SnajiH ero AjieRcieH'B 
IleTpoBH^eMi. 9to 6Kjrb neMHOSKO Rynei](i, HeiiHoacRO komhc- 
cionepi, arenrb, a He sHaio ^t6 e^^e,— HejioaiRx Ha bc4 pyRH, 
BHaBmift apnapRy, RaRi cboh naiB naJiBi](eBi. 

— BoTB nponycTHJiH, — BcipiTHJii OH'B Mena,— TOJiBRO too 
TaHipi jRHBOTa ROHHHJiH. JIoBRo TyTb oAHa BeH'B-Baa opyAoaaJial 

K'B EBLWb CRopo npacoeAHHEJica eme snaROMuft, xaRsce 6e3- 
nJiosHO HCRaBmift cboCoahuA ctojh,— CTapa^ORi AORXopi, asibho 
npaRTHRyK)n];i& na apuapRft. 

Ha acrpaA^ CToajTB xopii niBHip), oa^tux'b wl OAHHaROBue 
ROCTioMKi, CI apRHUH jieHxaMH "lepodi nae^o. 

IIpaSAHBROM'B CB'iTJIHMT* 

Bca acH8HB npeAo mhoio... 

n'bjua CToaamaa b'b qpeAHHi TOHeHBRaa a xyAeHBRaa, cb necjuo- 
XHBniHMaca ^^opMaMH A^BymRa. RaRHiii-TO A^TCRaMi, cjia6eHBRHM'By 

HO HHCTHMl, RaRl» CepefipO, ApOJRaH^BM'B H TpOraieJIBHUirB rOJIOCOHl. 

SL arpaiD, 
Cjses'B He 8HaK), 
Mh'£ Boe wh aca8HH 
TpHH-b-xpaaa! — . 

BTopHJia efl cHJUBHimi ROHTpajtBTO CToaamaa paAOH'B n'iBHAa 
ch KaRoft-To oco6eHHoA CBo6oAHoft ifaaepoft A^P^Ka^Bca, cb cmI- 
jiUMH dpumi rjiasaiiH, paBHOAymao a xoaoAHO orjiaAUBaBnoiMH 
TOJiny, HanoJiHaBmyio sairB. Mat noRasajiocB, hto a ta^tocjiu- 
majii axon rojuoci. 

... Bce wh scHsaa 

TpHH^-Tpasa! — 
noAXBatuBaerB xopi« 



14 PyCCKOB BOFATCTfiO. 

PassaiOTCfl amudOAHCMeHTu. Ha acTpaAt noflBJUiercH BucoRifi, 
xjAOil, Cb HCTOn^eHHiiirb jihaohi cojihctb h, HaApHsaiicB h noA- 
HHMaacb Ha HOCRaxx, noerb: 

— HsB^THocTB^ — saninaen AjieKcift HeTpoBHTb. — Bi 
onep-i nijii... Owb HasBajii* oahh7> ns'b bhahux'b npoBHHi^iaJiBHHX'b 
ropoAOB'B. — MoKen* 6utl, eii^e noMHUTe: bx raseTaxi o^eHB xBa- 
omjiH. H TQTB, HTO aRKOunaHEpyeTb— BHAHie, Tose Rorfta-TO my- 

M^Jl'B,— ROHUeprU ASlBaJTB. 

A BOTb E npeMHpoBaHHaa RpacaBfli^a. Oflane HAeii, a me- 
CTBjerh H BOJiHROJiinHo Hecerb CBoe xoJueHoe Ctnoe xijio. 
EpacaBHita ^eciHo HcnoJUHHerb npHHaiua Ha ceSn nepeAi xos^- 
HHOMi o6fl8aTeJibCTBa,— o6HaxHJia Bce, hto moxho oGnaauiTb 663% 
noJiHi](eficRaro npoTOROJia, h HaA&Dia na ceCn bc^ cboh AP^^roi^iH- 
hocth; 6pHJiJiiaHTU ropan b% ymaxB, bb ROJibe, bb 6yjiaBKAXB^ 
BOTRHyxHX'b BB BOJiocN, Bi ROJibii^arb H wb 6pacjierax'b, bo mho- 

SeCTBi EfiKbthLTb Ha naJIbllil H pyRH, H Heo6K[KHOBeHHO HMHO- 

saHTHa B-b pocROmnoM'b ojiaibi ci> CBonirb Rpynnfincb r&soicb n 
TynuiTb BiipaxeHieiTb oiRopMjieHHofi RopoBu. Ha dCTpaA'6 ona He 
^HrypBpyeT'b, — ne noerb h He TaHAyen; ho sa to maMnaHCRoe 
H JiHRepu Hberb bi HeoupeA'^JiieHHoirb ROJiH^iecTB^, a Aoporie 
^pyRTu icTb B'b nopasaioQ^HXi BOo6pa:EeHie pasM^paxB. Ona— 
AJUSL 0Tj5ibj[hHUTb Ra6HHeT0Bi, AJU xopomnxi roeTeft, Roxopue 
jiiio6aTb Hscji'i^AOBaTb BHicTHifocTb sejiyARa h crofiROCTb B'b na- 

HHTRaXB JipMapOHHUXl A^tlTb H, HO nepBOMy CJHOBy RpacaBHiW) 

Gepyrb hsb 6y^eTa ropshhoirh (fipyRTOBi bi nflibAecarb pyCjieft, 
AecATHpyfijieBbrH Kopo6RH ROH^eRTb H cyrorb efl sa Ropcasi cto- 
pySjioBfiifl 6yMajRRH. 

Ha acTpaA^ ctohjh OA^Tufi bi paanyEo Rpecxb^acRyio JionoTb 
apTHcrb, Ob HOMflTuiTb acHpHHMi JHHitoifb npoRyTHBoiaroca aRTepa. 
Ohb pascRasbiBajTb aneRAOTu Es-b RpecTbancRoft sbshh cb caj[b- 
HUMH HaHeRaMH, RpHBJuiJiCH, rHycHJTb H oTRaJi&iBajiB TpenaRa 

BMicri Cb CBOHHl CJUHOlTb, RpOme^HUlTb MaJUbHHROH'b, OAtTblMB 

B% HJiHCOByio BOAA^BOHRy, B'b jsuiSLtrk Cb naBJsnHbHHi nepoMi. 

ApiHcry HHoro annjioABpoBajni; bi ocoCennocTH neHCTOBCTBo- 
Bajia, CTy^ajira HoraMH h sBenijia HOsanH no lapejiRairb cnjibHo 
BunsBmafl ROMnania HeJiOBiR'b B'b ceMb-BOcevb, cctA'^BiDaa neAa- 
jieRO orb Hacb, sa AByMfl CABHHyruifH Bir&crt CTOJiaMH. Bojibme 
Bcero MOHfl HopasHJio 6JiiAHoe, yciasoe jsmho cb BunyneHHiaiH, 

RaRHMH*TO CieRJiaHHUMH TJiasaMH OAHOFO HSl HHXl. 

— Offb COBC^Ml COJIbHOft,— HeBOJIbHO BUFOBOpHJI'b A. 

— ByAemb CoJibHOft, RorAa nonbemb hso ahh vb A^Hb ao 
Merarpexi qacoB'b hohh. TaRaa yacb cjiyx6a y Hero,— OTBtiHJix 
AieRcifi nerpoBHTb. 

— KaRi laRafl cjiys6a? 



aPMAPO^HUa KAPTflHEH. 15 

— jS^OBipeHHuft OHX... Ohi HasBajii) OAHy hsx RpynHuxi 
^epiTb. 

— %o ae Hsi Toro?— npoiojracaji'b HeaoyMiaaTL a. 

— 3HaH0Ti> — HHTb AOJiaeHx. Bu nopaAKOEVTO apMapoHHHXi 
He SHaeie, bhaho. HacToam^ifl noRynaTOJiB 6e3i» yron^enla n to- 
Bap'b sanHcuBaTB He 6yAeT'b. Tu cnaiajia nponyTafica ci hhmi> 
TpH-Herupe AHa, A^t laKi ero ySjuaroTBopa, hto6u qyBCTBOBaJKix 
BiAb BOTi OHH, HaBipHo, y:Ri bi Asyxi-Tpexi peciopaHaxi no- 
6HBaJ[H, — BHAHTe, roTOBU, a OTcioAa BOSBMyrb KoaacKH Ast na 

OTROCl H HenpeM^HHO CL A'^BHIJiaiiH. 

SL A'ificTBHTeaLHO xorAa ne snajTB en^e apMaponnux'B nopaA- 
ROBl H HCKpeHHO yAHBJiajica. 

— Ho B^A^ 8T0 Aoporo ctohtt.? 

— HeyaeaH, bu Ay^aeie, oh-b Ha CBoft cnerb?— CMiaaca 
Aaesc^A nerpoBaHx. — ^npua . OTnycKaeTi> eMy na npeACTaBH- 
TeascTBO, TO ecTB, no npocTy roBopa, na nponofi AB'i^HaAi](aTb 
TNca?i>, — Bon» BU H yxHTpHTecB npoHHTb Hxi B'B H'6cam> Cb 
^Bn>-HB6yAB. EcTB $HpMU, ROTopua oTHBcaaKXTB Ha yron^enie 
noRynaTeaeft na apiiapRi h ABaAnaTB xucaix. jija nenpeifbHHo 
H caMi neft, a to o6HAaTca. A nonpo6y&-Ra BorB cb TaRHMH 
nonHTB,— yRasaai oni na CHA'faBmixx'B sa t^hi CToaon'B, — 9to 
Bce aa[6HpaRH, nanoft-Ra hxi! 

BHAa, ^To a Bce en^e He bi Kypci, ohi npoAoaacaai: 

— IIonyTaroTca TaRX-TO, a noTOM^ h TOBapB sanHCMBaTB era- 
HyTB, H yati TyrB AOBipeHHHfl noaBsyeTCa.' Chtihrb, hto hsb icoah 
Bumeax, cnycTHii, hto BOo5n^6 nosaaeacaaocB sannmeT'B, yroeo- 
pflTB npoi^eHTHROBBHaABaAiiaTB TOBapy no6oaime BsaiB,— OAHHiTB 
caoBOMB, npoAaeTB He to, <tTO HyacHo noRynaTeaio RyoBiB, a hto 
HyacHO (|»i!piii npoAaTB. H onaiB BunbiorB h pacAtayioTca, ao- 
sIpeHHuft noRynaTeaa na napoxoAB nposoAarB— h ymi, rohohho, 
npIareaH: na caiAyion^ya) apMapRy, ri Roiiy se, RaR!B ne ri 
HBany HBaHOBEnyl 

CToai 6iiia'B ycraBaenB 6yTiiaRaicH pefiH'B-BeflHa h mairnaH- 
CKaro. Yro^aBmiA AOB'bpeBHuft meoHyai ^o-to aaReio, h r'b 
ROMnaHiH noAomaa acenn^BHa bi boctohhomi ROCTK)M'i, — OAHa 
Hsi naacaaniHX'B cTaei^u sHBora*. Mni neBoaBHO npHmaocB 
ycaumaTB RopoTRlfl AisuiorB: 

— TaR'B B'B oTAiaBHOM^ Ea6HHeTib naraaAAaTBl 

— Oui, monsieur. IIaTHaAi](aTB pyfiaefi,— aoManHBnrB asuROifB 
OTBiTHaa jRenn^HHa. 

KoMnania rpysno noAHaaacB h nanpaBHaacB r'b AsepaiiB 
Ra6HHeTa. 

— Hy, lenepB y hex-b notjifiTb cypBeraoe, — saiifaHa^ AaeR- 
dft nexpoBBHi, saBHCTaHBUMH raasaiiH npoBoacaa npoCapaB- 
mHxca MejRAy CToaHRaMH CBOapaROB^. 

Ha acTpaA"! CToaaa jifiCeJidLH HiMRa, sHaHHBmaaca na a^Hm'6 



16 pyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

ccj^ypop-L*, H nijia HiiieitKyH) maHCOHeiKy o cbohxi npn- 
luiioHeHiflX'b Ch npyccRHiTB JneftreHaHToiri). Oea A^jiajia noAi» ro- 
supeR'b, HsoCpasajia BCflRia BoeHHUA 9EC3epi](Hn;iH, BunfliHsajia 
rpyA^, RaRi fiepjiHHCKiA o^imepi, no €(j^ypopa> He Bumjio, h ee 
CH^HHJia (|)paH]^yjReHRa-, ROTopyio a(|)jima HasuBajia ^toilei V 
^paHiiyKeHRH 6Hjrb HajieFbRlfi rojiocoRi, ho ona laRi tojirobo 

MHHHROft H T^JIOABBaceHijIMH AOHOJIHHJia TO, Ha ^0 He XBaiaJIO 

rojioca, ^TO nyfijiHRa Rps^aJia bis h hbhctobo xjionajia; a Rorjia 
Ha bis OHa cn'&na en^e mancoHeTRy n b'b saRJHO^enie nepesep- 
Hyjiacb Ha acTpa^'^ BBepxi> HoraMH,— BocTopri) nyCjiHRH aocthfb 
Bucmaro pasiiipa. 

IIoTOifB Ha cjsfiEi Hjiiicajin h ^to-to h&ih ^eTBepo s^rpH- 

HHpOBaBHUX^ OBpe^HH, Sa HHMH CniftOBaJTB ROmaiift HJdTbj — 

Rasajiepi) h a&hb, OA'i^TEre rotom^ h RomRoft, o6'hncEajaiCb Apyri 
Apyry bi jiio6bh, h bujih, h MiiyRaJiH, h i^apanajiHCB, h bi oco- 
6eHH0CTH CTapajuHCB noRasaTb nyfijiHRi cboh xboctbi; hotomx na 
dCTpajut OHATB noABHJica xopi H oiJTB: cHama jrhshb RopoTRa*, 
a Hsi RaCHHera necjiHCB jsjuKlej saBUBaioHtie SByRH MysuEn cTan- 

JJfiBl> HHBOTa». 

— BoTt 6y jifiTb Hrpal— oxHBJieHHO saroBopHJii AjueKcifi lie- 

Tp0BHH'B,~M0CRBa ABHHyJiaCB... 9tP yX'B CaMU UOTRHJlOBaLAVLl 

Bi sajix BXOABJiH ccaMH». ilxi conpoBOSAas'B xobabh'b, 
Mexpi A'oTeJiB, no^THTeJiBHO BurB6a)i CHHHy, yRasBiBajix rjiasaiiH 
Ha ocBo6oAHBniifiCH nepeAi* ciieHoft ctojihrb, ho ccaHH* ORHHyjiH 
jiisBBiiMi paBHO^^niHuifB BSfjiiiAOMi CBA^BmyK) B^ 8aji% nyfijiHRy 
H HanpaBBjincB bi ota^bh£i£[ Ra6BHeTB. 3a hbmh xoT'iac'B jro 
ABHHyjica BecB xopi n BejiHHecTBeHHo npoHJiBiJia npeifHpoBaHHaji 
RpacaBBi^a. 

— fl Ha MHeyioHRy, — ne MorB yiepntiB AjreRcifl IleTpo- 
BHHX. — Mh^ cb naBJioMi) CTenaHOBBHeiTB noroBopHTB HdAO... H 
owh lopRHyi'B B-B RaOHHexi BCji'iA'B sa RpacaaHi^efi. 

Ctojihrh ocBo6oacAajiHCB H CHOBa saHHMasBCB^ nyfijKHRa uib- 
HAjracB, HO rjiaBHoe ^Apo cocraBJUfljiH laRiA sue HyaccRi^ Rovna- 
His, RaR'B H ra cb AOB'bpenHUM'B, ROTopaa cba'^^ p^aoitb cb 
HaMH. Bii i^enrpd^ sajna, BORpyrB nicROJiBRHX'B ctojiobb pasM^CTH- 
jiocB 6oJiBraoe o6n;ecTBO Rym^oBx, cyja no ROCTroiffaMT) — npits- 
2CHXI EVh rjiyxoro npoBHHi^iajiBHaro yrjia, cb xenaMB, BspocJiuini 
AoqepBMH H AByvH MajieHBRHMH A:lBoiRaMH. Ohh pacnojioacHJiHCB 
coBciiTB no AOHamHeiiy, rpoMRO cniiuiHCB, ciy^ajiH RpumRaira 
HaftHHROB'B, Myse^qBHBi HBjiH BOARy, A&MU npHryfijiHBajiH APyrie 

HanBTRB H 6UJIH OHOHB BeCOJIU H CB 60JIBn]HM'B BHTepeCOM'B CJlt- 

ABJTH sa BC'^M'B, 1T0 HpoHCXOAHJio Ha dCTpaA^. Y crbHH sa AftJB^- 

HHMl CTOaiHROli'B CBA'bJI'B UOJIOAOft RpaCHBZlft laTapBHl, OHeBHAHO 

CI xQBOij—mwb noA'B hhsro cnyn^eHHoft na j[o6i "laAP^i bhah^ 
jiHCB "lepnue cepABTue acencRie rjnasa, na mei ropijiH Rpynnue 
6pHJiJiiaHTK. TaiapHHi yjiu6ajicfl rjiasaMH h ^to-to roBopHJTB, 



'S- 



flPMAPO?HUfl KAPTHHKH. 17 

yKasuBafl na acipaAy, xbr^ ynopHO OTBopa^HsaJiacB h oiB^^ajia 

CepAHTUKE OAHOCJIO;RHm(H CnOB^Mfl. 

Bi yrjiy ab^ apxaHHHa bojih jRapide pasroBopH Cb apcj^HCT- 
KaMH, a pajsfiwb ci hhmu sIcrojibro capiOBi b'b cbohx'b 6%jiiuxi 
qajmax'B z numHux'b xajtaraxt cha^jih, RaRi HCTjRaHEi. 

Bi Ra6HHerBy saHflTuft ccauHMHi, Bce xoabjih apTHCTU, 
dCTpaAa onycTijiay h ny6JiHRa Hanajia BOJiHOBaTBca. HicKOJiBRO 
HHsenepoBi, a&bho nnpoBaBnmx'B ycauoft acTpaAU, myMHO noA- 
Hfljmcb Cb iri^CTB H A^MOHCTpaTHBHO BunuiH Hsi saiia. 

— ^opiTB SHaerb hto!— RpHHajii oahetb hsi hhx'b na nerpi 
A'OTejifly — noMaxajra y BacB nepeA'B HOCOin» CTopy6ji6Boft Gyuas- 
Roft — BU H omajri^... 

CTajin ciynaTL HoraMH, BUSHBaTB xosflnna; naROHeiCiy na 
acTpaA^ noRasajiacB n^BHi^a. 

— BoTB o6paTHTe BHHMaHie, — saidTHjrB AORiopi.— Ilocjiiy- 
maflre-Ra. 

Ha cnfiisi CTOAJia xyAafl, cb CiiiAHUMx jiHi^oirB uojOAaa aceH- 
n^Hsa. Ona 6HJia OA^Ta bi RaRoe-TO crpaHHoe 6en bchrhxi 
yRpameHift Tenfloe a^^hhob njiaxBe; npejiecTHue ^epeue bojiocu 
6uuiH pacnyn^eHu h saRptreara ee bcio. C^ HeoCuRHOBOHHuifB 
HyBCtBOiTBy TyAHUMi Meiwo-conpaHO ona nijia mydeproBCRift 
. «. poKaHCB cBjiHSRa nopa pa8JryRH» a, necMOTpa na ROMeAiK) nepe- 

l^v^ OA^BaHBA, OHa npoHSBOAiuia laRoe cnjiBHoe BneiaiJiiHle n Cujia 
TaRi> TporaiejiBHa h laRi cipasHa vb btomi RaCaRi, — bx btoitb 
roMOHi nBflHUxi roJiocoBi n CRaCpesHMxi cjhobi, hto a. hobojib- 
HO CRaaajTB: 

— B-B aroiTB ecTB woto TpanraecRoe! 

— Jifij TparHHBCRoe, — saAyiwHBo CRasajTB AOKTopi, — bi lar 
RHXB MavoHax^, — OHi o^BejTB rjiasaMH sajTB, — mhofo TparHHe- 
citaro 3JieMeHTa...B'&AB bofb, 8Tair&BBi](aROHcepBaTopifOOROHiHJiay 
vb onepi AOJiJKHa 6£iJiia d^tb, 6yAyn^H0CTB npeACRasuBajiH h— 
BHABie: Ba HHiReropoACRoft npicapRi oiyTHJiacB. 

n Ha Hoft HeAoyirlBaion^iA bsf^a^ owb npoAOoisaJi'B: 

— Mep8aBeiti> oahhi oRpyiEjn ee. Ubotb oaa oneHB mhofo, ■ 
Bce ROHBARi... CAiJiaftie mhjioctb, ona h xaRiii mryRH noerB, ^to 
MyjRiHHi CTUAHO CTaHeTB, a Ha6iacHTB MHHyiRa H cnoerB hto- 
HHCyAB BpoA'i^ HUH'linHiiro. jS^a OAHa-Jun ona!.. 

CtapHqoR'B BOOAymeBEJicfl. — Botb aRTepi aroTB^ hto MyacHRa- 

TO JIOMaJTB... Toace B'fiAB HSB'ICTflOCTB. nepBUft JtI060BHHR^, — 

FaMJieTa BrpaJii, ^aARaro, a lenepB cb cuHnmRoA rpenaKa ot- 
RajniBaerB. A dTH ap(j[>HCTRH... Roro, Roro Tyn H'^rb! RonHHTe 
TOJiBRO... SL MHoro JH^TOjnb HTb. TyrB ctojibro TpareAifi. H no^ 
TOiTB — crpaHHUA HaiypH BCTpinaiOTCH... — Co mhoS naKoft cjiy- 
Haft Ha AHHxi 6ujn>, — npoAOJiKajii paacKaaTORi. — IIoAxoAHrBRO 

MHi BOTB 8A'i^CB*Se ap^HCTRa OAHa, BSl SaH'i^THUXi; fl HeifHOSCRO 

SHajTB ee, jiiuJTB orb HH^JiyaHitm. — KaKB bu AynaeTO, AORxopii, — 

M 12. Orxin t: 2 

JBPIMHr^AACKAf 



w^ 



-> 



18 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

ciTpamiiBaerb, — BoabicyrB mcha bi ioJiepHuft rocnsTajnB?— 3axBo- 
paeie, laicb pasyiiieTCH BOSBMyfb, — CMiiocB a.— fl, roBopiiTi, sa 
60JIBHHKH xoHy yxaacHBaTB. — JSjii9.iOy ^ORycHH^aerB, nopncoBaTBca 
xoHen. — C;i:6jiafiTe OAOJiaceHie, roBopio, oxothbrob'b na aro ho 
o^eHB MHoro. — A bbrb 8to CA^^aaiB?— KasB ca^btb? CxoAHTe, 
Aa saHBHie, — botb h Bce« YRaBajiB et h saCujrB noroirB npo 
pasroBopB. ToJiBRo npiisacaio RaR!B-TO bi rocnHTajiB, — npocHJiE 
cnpaBHTBCfl oCb oahomb 6ojD[BHO)n>,— BcrpinaerB ciqijiRa— h ho 
ysHajTB A&se CHanajna, — cauaa 8Ta apracTRa. Bon bn b cho- 
Tpsrre. Bcio xojiepy paCoTaJta, h b^ab xos^ARa aa njiaTBnmRs 
yAop^A^A ^ HeycToflRy... Bcero HacMOTp^ca n ryrb Ha ^p- 

UapR*!, — SaROHHHJI'B AORTopi. 

— Hy HTO, AjieRcrbft U&tpoBttTby sapRo TairL? 

-— TenJieHBRo... — AjieRcifi nerpoBH^ Bepnyjicfl RpacHuft h 
B086ya:A6HHuft. — DpeACTaBBie, — pascRasuBaji'B . ori», — RpiomoH'B 
cA^jiaJiH H CTanH 6pocaTB bi Hero CTopyfijueBUH OyicasRH... Hy, — 
roBopflTL, — CTepjTHARn^ JiOBHTe! Ap^HCTRH H OpocnJiiiCB. Ilorbxa 
6HJia! A IlaBeiTB CrenaHOBHTB CBoeft Rpajiib rypBeBCRyH) RamRy 
saRasajTB bb ipH mcsmM. 

— ^TO-xe, H8B seiiHyra, tto-jth?— cnpocHJii AORxopB. 

— Bb btomb poAb... npHHecjiH eft nopi^iio rypBescROft RamRH, 
OHa ijia, %Jia, a hotomb h eai^tnHJia jroacKOft sa ?to-to. Buhh- 
MaeiB, a Ha ahI-to RpacHaa ROpo6o?Ra oRasaoiacB cb 6pHjuiiaH- 
TOBoft 6poniROft. H A^BHOHRa TaRB*ce6i. Botb san'bBaeTB-TO. 

IIpHAH, npHAH KO MH^ CKOp-iS, 
IIpHSMHCB KT* TpyAH MOefi CHJIBH'ifl — 

Heccfl H8B RafiHHera nloRHUft, Aposcan^ifl fojiocorb. 

— ^a B%Ab OHa COBCilfB A^BOHRa! — HeBOJEBHO BHTOBOpHJQLB Hy 

BcnoiiHHaH xyAeHBRyK), HecjroacHBmyK)Cfl ^Hrypy cojihctrh, a'^t- 
CRHMB roJiocouB yB^pflBHieft ^pMapoHHyK) nyOjiHRy, hto copasA- 

HHROMB CB^TJIHMB BCfl ^CHSHB nepBAB HeK)>. 

— Eft yoRB niecTHaAn;aTB, — BospasHJiB AjieRcift LlerpoBH^B, — 
He 3HaK), BBiropHTB-Jin jsibjio y IlaBjra CTenaHOBH^a. Bb asapTB 
nomeJTB, mecTBAeoiTB racjiHB yze A^teiB, a oieoB npocHTB cto. 

H a, H AORTopB BB oepByK) MHHyTy He noHaJOi. 

— KaRB oteiXB npocHTB? KaRoft OTeirt? 

— Ea OTe^B, fftBHOHRH-TO... Bj![fjbj[E'-'B7> XOpi, TOJICTHft Ta- 

KOft... 

— H OHB npoAaeiB aoib? 

— TaRB wbjs!b OHB He A^fl ce6H ace. Mh%, roBopHTB, HH?ero 

:ie HaAO, TOJIBRO RyHHTO AOMB Ha ea HMH BB CTO TBICflHB. A Ila- 

KejiB CTenaHOBHHB na mecTHAec^TH ynepcfl. Bote h ne coftAyrcH. 

— A AO%-TO?— AOHHTMBaeTCa AORTOpB. 

— ^a Bijifi Bce pasHO nponaAaTB-TO, — y6isAajrB AoieRcift 
JleTpoBH^B. CaifH HocyAHTe— BB TaRoft JRH8HH pasBi^ yCepeacoTCfl. 



fiPMAPO^HUfl RAPTHHKH. 19 

Hhhho CoBajiBHHK'B fflaMHaHCKaro, saBipa pioMo^y JiHKepay, 
suHHe naeejii CTenaHuii), a saeipa GienaH'B naBiuHi... 

Ha dCTpaA*! CHOBa jiOMajica h njiHcaji'B ipenaEa CTapuft aR- 
Tdpi>, MflysajiH H i](apanajiHCb KomRn, MapmHpoBajia ^ypopi niHsa 
H 6toile-$paHii;yjKeH£a CToajia BBepxx HoraKE; ho aaifb Haxatjio 
CMOipiTB, H MH cjiymaJDi AjieRciH IleTpoBHHa, ROTopuft pascRa- 
8£iBajii> noApo6HOCTH nocJi^AHefi hobocth, oOJieTiBmeft ^pMapRy, 
HOBOCTH TOMi, RaRi Kyneii> sapisajTB ap^HciRy. 

— Borb H8l BTOft CaMOft rOCTHHHHI^l... ^a BUy BipOflTHO, 

BHflijiH, — oCpaTHJicfl owb Ro MH* — 6ijieai>Raa oHa xaBaa... eme 
Majiopoccl&CRift TaneiTB njiHcajia. H ero, 6utb MoxeTi, saiiiTiiJin, — 
Borb Tyrb BCHRifl Benepi CHstjii, — owb yRasajit Ha ctojihri y 
, flBepH Bi npoxojti, no Roropony ryjiajiH ap4)HCTRH. 

JI 0TJUI1H0 SaM^TflJI'L OFO, H OHl OHeHB HHTepecoBajii MenH. 
OaHO BpeKA MWk ;i;0B0JIIBH0 HaCTO npHXOAHJIOCB HOCin^aTB 3Ty 

rocTHHHBii^y, B BCflRlfi pasb Ha OAHOifB H Toicx sce HiCT^ CHAktl 

KOJIOAOft HairOBiRl B'B CTapOMOAHOlCb TeMHOMl DHA^aiit R Bl 

jRHjieTRi, ^acTernyTOfl so canod meH. TpoHyioe ocnoft xyAoe jihi^o 
ci» ejie npo6HBaK)n^HMEai leMHUMii ycaiiH h 6opoARo&, ctporoe, 
KaRoe-TO MOJiHTBeHHoe JiHiio, Cb Tasejiuii'B B^TJiHffpwb rJiy6oRO 
nocaaceHBixii rjnasi — oho p'IsRo ^Bujiikiznoch na i^owb BpnapoHHa- 
ro pasryjia. IIpeAi* hbmii Bcer^a CToajia OTRynopeHHaA fiyiuJiRa 
UHBa, AO ROTopod, 0H6BHAH0, OH^ HO AOTporHBaJdca. BcnoMHHJiacb 
H OHa, A'&fiCTBHxejibHO <6ijieHbRafl> — cniioqeeca MOJiOAoe jihwro 
B'b paMidb 6'6ji0RypHX'b Bbion^Hxca BOJiocb ex BSAepnyTuicb hoch- 
ROHT), nyHi^OBUHH ry6aMH h GoArhmh saAopnuMH rjiasaMH. Ona 

XOAHJia B% MaJBOpOCCifiCROM'b ROCxK)Mi, BCa yB'IilliaHHaA JieHTaMH, 

CO MHOJRecTBOMi Gycb Ha OTRpuToS mei, B'b pacmHiofi copoiRi 
H apRoft necxpofi njiaxxi. 

KoFAa ona xaHixoBaJia, Jienxu BHJiHCb bo Bci cxopoHH, 6ycH 
sBOffiJiHy GiJioRypue bojiocu pasB'bBaJiHCb, b bch oua, iioJiOAenbRaji 
H CMtiomaaca, Beprhjiacb, RaRT> RaRoexo necipoe Becejoe ofijiaRO, 
H BcePAa B086y2(AaJia Bocxopn ny6jiHRH. A eme 6o3iie OHa 6ujia 
BfiaMeHHxa b% oxAtjibHbrxi RafiHsexaxx CBoeft Manepofi rOBOpHXb, 
Ch BBAOicb Hiaqero ne noHHiiaioii^eft HHCxHxyxKH, caHua rpasnua 
ipiHHHaua Ben^H. 

HnorAa ona noAcasRHBajiacb Kb OAHHOROMy MOJiOAOHy ^ejio^ 
B'iRy, H a Ha6jiK)Aajix, KaR'b ohx cb yrpiOHoft nacxofiiEBOCxbio 
roBopHJTb eS Mxo-xo, a OHa cuiajiacb eMy bi JimnOy BucoBBiBaJia 
asHKTb H A*Jiajra Hocb, a oahhi pasi, npoxoAa mhmo, y^^H^Hy- 
jra ero h co CJiOBOM'b <3JiK)iRa>, ytxajia ex RaKHMx-xo rocxeMX. 

— OhT> H8l N... — AjieRCtft IlexpOBHTb HaSBaJIT) OAHU-b H3l 

BOJiaccBHXT) ropoAOBi,— HSBicxHaa $^*pMa, c^ omoMi-xo ero a 
npiaxejib 6hji^. Bx nponiJioirb roAy nowepi, BeceJiHft 6hjii ny- 
iKBRx,— xoxb H no cxapofl Bipi, a saRaxHxca Ha apMapRy, h ch- 
rapoiRy pyfijieByio JnodHJi-b, h 6H$nixeRCHK'b B'b cepeAy, w cxep- 



r 



20 P7CCK0B BOrATCTBO. 

JUIAOBl-TO dTHX'B, ^TO Bl RafiSHeTaTb CTOpyfijieBKH JIOBHlTb, OAO6- 

pfljii. ^oica ero bi cTpyni Aepa^suiH: jEesa j Hero, icaTB aioro- 
TO, KopoJiB-6a6a, BoesoAa, Ha bck) OEpyry H8BicTHa... BoTi bu 
He 6uBajiiH Bi TaRHxi AOMaxi^ — o^KHBEJEcapascRasHHsi^,— npocio, 
SHaere, y hhxi sajih 6pajiia. JI|oin» AJiHHHKd, xeuHHft dTaRlft, 
EoimarB icHoro, bc% bi paX'B, h bi RascAoft A^BymKH sa nfljiBi^a- 
hh; 6ijiue njiaio'iRH hhsro Ha JioGi cnyn^eHUy 6ji%AHHJi Bci rsn^ 
Klfl. Thhib bi ROimaiaxi, KaJKercfl, HHROrAa TaMi h cicixy ne 
Morjio 6uTB. BHBajio, npoftAemB hsi Ra6HHeTa nepesi ROMHaiN, 
H He orJUHyiCA, pasBi BSAoxnerb rto. A caMa mojihhti Bce, 
TOJiLRo CHBajio 6poBBH) noBBAerB H npoHOJiBHrB: cHsaHB AjieB- 
cbE^vbh — HH^TB HBana AjieRC^H^a. GiapyxH orojio nea cxa- 
puii, sjcuH, 3a6op'B BUCORift, AO BToporo 8Tasa xsaTajix, tbob-^ 
AAMH yCHTB, co6aRH Ha it^HJixi, cjioBHO JiBBii, caA^ orpoMHHft, 
TeMHuft, Kb caifoft piR% cnycRajicfl. Cuna ona hh na marB on 
ce6fl He oTnycRajia, oahhi owb y hoh. Bee hocth, Ast MOJieHBJi, 

Aa CTOAHiil, AA CRHTBE, ASt CipaHHHSH, — H BUmeJI'B BUJIHTaH icaiB, 

H o6jiH?leirB, H xapaRiepoMi. MoJinnrB Bce, RaueHHuft HesoB'fiR'B, 
A&io cpasy noBeJii bi hojihoitb bha^, cJnyaca^Hxi botb RaR'B 
noATflnyjTB. B% nepBBift pas^B na JipnapRy npiixajcB, boitb ero h 
saxjiecTHyjia CijieHBRaa-To. Bee yrosapHBaJTB: tgpocB, ne nyTaft- 
M»... A OHa eny: clxo a cb To6oft, TOpiyriKoft, A^JaTB-xo 
6yAy?> Saifyax bsaxb npeAJiarajii*. Hy h nBipnyji'B. JIfi HH?ero, 
JierOHBRO, — SaROHHHJI'B AjieRcM IlexpoBHTB, — BupBaJiacB OHa. . 

CjIUmaJTB, MHpOHl y HMXI A^O BOH^HXCfl. 

Bujio nosAHO, sajii nycxiorB. 9 co6Hpajica yxoAffCB, RorAa 
ABepH Ra6aHexa Ch myicoirB pacnaxnyjiHCB, h oxxyAa BucROHHJia 
xojina ap^HcxoRi. BaepeAn, oxRHnyBniH rojiOBy Ha8aAi>H 6jiecxH 
c^puMH BJiaxHUKH FJnasaicH, RaRaH-TO AHRaa H HscxynjieHHafly He- 
cjotacB Bi 6e3yMHoft njiHCRi h BURpnRHBasa:' cEapayjrBl Rapayjn! 
oxx, pa36oft, pa36o&y pad6oA, cyAapuHH hohI..> Fpyma TaM6oB- 
Ra^ ROTopyio H He cpasy ysHaorB bi na^iajii^ Benepa. 3xo 6iiJio 
Hxo-xo oxqa^HHoe, Ranafl-xo 6e8yMHafl BaRxanaJiifl. Pa36paciiBafl 
pyRaifH cxyjiBfl, BCxpinaBinlecfl na nyxH, ona necjiacB MesAy cxo- 
jiHRaiiH, yBJieRafl sa co6ok) xojmy nojiynBaHBixii ap^HcxoR'B, sa- 
jiaicuBaJia pyRH naA'B rooiOBoft, h A^Rie orphrh pisRaro ROHxp- 
ajiiBxo cicimnBajracB ex oxpHnmKMH nojrynB^HUMH roJuocauH 
xopa. ny6jiHRa Bcxajia cb cbohx'b jcbcrb h cb saAHUM'B jiioCo- 
ouTCTBOifB cJi^AHJia sa TOHRoft rH^Eoft ^Hrypofi, OesyMHO njia- 
caBmeft bb a^bhoitb rohi^ sajia, a b'b ABepjixi Ra6HHexa cxoajih 
neiupe rocHOAHHa, cb RpacHuiai, nBflHHMH jiHi^aMH h xoxoxajiH 
Ha Bce sajio. 



KaRi XHXH ycxajiHA aBrycxoBCRia hohh! EaRoe BUcoRoe, Ra- 
Koe 8B%3AHoe Ha6o! FopoA'B sacnyjui... SaRi sb^sabi, cBixaxcfl 



flPMAPOHHUfl KAPTHHKH. 21 

oroHBKH ropoACRHTb ffOMOB'L, pasCpocaHHiix'B no leMHoft ropiy 
Mepi^aioiipiMH sB^bsAaHH xpoxarL h RaHaK)TCJi ofhh ^OHapeft na 
cyAOBUxi MaHTax'B, TeMHUHi jiicoMx npoTflHyBmHxca no Oni^ h 
BoJiriy KjAa tojibro Aocxaerb rjiasi. ?yTb JKypqnrB Boxa, 6bk)- 
n^aflCfl 6apRH Mocia, HeacEHM^ myMOMi aohochtch njiecs^ bo- 
C6JII njoiByn^eft jioarh, TajRaso h rjiyxo nporyA^jTL napoxoAi, a 
laHi, AAJieRo, KTO-TO neperoBapEBaeicfl B'b pynopB na Capxaxi, 
CJIOBHO ayKaioTCJi rojioca b'b rjiydHH'l jrika... 

Iloxapoirb ropnrb JipnapKa. EiJiuirB CBiiJiHM'b KynojiOHi 
CTOHTB HaA'b Heft CBirb MeRTpHHecRHxi ^onapeft, rpeHfln rojua- 

CRH, ryJTB HXerB IIS^ OTRpUTUXl OROHl TpaRTHpOB-b H HSp'lARa 

Ri coHHoft p'IkI AOHecoTCJi, RaRi pasAHpaionuft Bonja: «RapayjrBl 
KapayjTbl Ox% pasCoft, paBGoft, pa86ofiI> 

C. EjinaTbeBCKiH. 



HCaH'B Maee. 



CxpaHHHKa H3i» HCTopiH HapojiHaro oCpaaoBaniH bo $paH^iH. 

JJ^ifliejiBHOCTB cesaTopa ^LaHa Mace^ o6HHiiaBinafl copoEaJitTHifi 
nepioj^i BpeMOHif, sa aoci'lAHie AecflTL-ABiHa;^ii;aTb jLivb oQpaTHJia 
Ha ce6fl BEHMasde h pyGOKHXi> cTopoflHHKeBi> qacTHaro no^AHa b% 
A'^i Hapo^Haro o6pa30BaHifl; panie Mace HsaicTeHib fiujTB 7 Hacb 
He CTOJiBEO sas'L npasTHHecKifi jiikaresh^ cKOjrBRO JcaK'B TajiaHTJiEBufi 
nHoaTejB-nonyjiHpHdaTOp'B, rjaBHUM'B ofipasou'B, Kas^B a6Topi» abjx'b 
nepeBeAeHHHxi» y nacB en^e fb mecTHAecHTBix'B roAUi* SHEses'B: 
cHcTopifl syco^sa xi£6a» h ^Cjljte sejiyAKa». rjEasHofi AifiieiB- 
HOCTH ero coo6n^aJiooB, OAHaROse, Koe ^to h bi BOOBMHAecflrux'B ro- 
Aaxi. Ho TOiBEo Ha^HHaa cb 1839 roji;a pyooRan ny6jiEEa naqasa 
noJiy^aTB 6oj['be noApo6HUH GBt^'^Hifl AiflTeiBHOOTH Maoe na nonpen^'b 
Hapo^Haro o6pa30BaHifl bo <&paHi];iH. CiaTBH nefl CTass ne^aiaxBoa 
B'B pyccKHX'B nej^arorn^ecRHX'B sypnajiax'B^ pe^epaTU ^HTajiHOB bi> 
neTep6yprcR0H'B H xapBROBCRom ROHHieii rpaMOTHocTH. Bi 1889 r. B'B 
UapHsi coSiipaica cBtsAi noAi npeAC'^AaTeJiBCTBOM'B Mace. Sthitb 
CBisAOifB CEOJioseHO Ha^aio cMesjxyHapoAHOft JlErH HapoAHaro o6pa- 
80BaHifl», cj[ysan^eH AaJiBEMmHicB pasBHTieMi co6cTBeHHo ^paHi^ys- 
cRoft jiHrn. B'b cBoe BpcHH, B'B rasexaxi 6uih OT^exn xpyxax'B 
HasBaHHaro ROHrpecca. 

Hmh Mace xicHO cBHsaHO cb Hciopieft pa3BHTifl neAarorHHeoRaro 
js^jitk H y Haci* B'B Poccin; naniH a'^^toih ne mofjih ne o6paTHTB bhh- 
Kanifl Ha Toro, rto npHirbHfljrB B&k bhau h ^opxH napoAHaro npocB^- 
n^eHifl: ceiBCRis 6H6jdoTeu]i, niROJiKr jijn Aiiefl, Rypcti a^a Bspoc- 
j[uxi>, neAarorfl^ecRie iiyseH, onuTHBUi nojfl, hoirobha 6E6j[ioTeRH h 
pa3Haro po^a o6ii^ecTBa ]i,m pacnpocTpaHeHin HapoAHaro npocBtmoEiH. 

IliLOAOTBopHaa A'^TOJi^HOCTB SRarvl Mace B'B rohi^ rohii;ob'b ot- 
pasHjracB n Ha canoiTB ^pani^yacROM'B saROHOAaTejiBCTBi h npHBCJia 
Ri RopeHHOHy npeoGpasoBamio ^paEi^scRoS mROJiBHoft CMCTevu, bu- 
pasHBiHeMycH b% snaHeHHTOH'B saROH'b SKjdjlsl ^^epps 6e8njiaTH0M'B, 

06fl3aTe2[BH0M'B H HeaaBHCHMOlfB OTB RaTOJIH^eCROfi I];epRBH HapOAHOVB 

06pa30BaHiH. 3aR0H*B 8totb 6£ijrB BHpa6oTaH'B ^aHOHi» Mace sa aojeto 
Ao ero o$({>Hi;iaj[BHaro BBeAenifl h h6 tojibro BHpa6oTaHi», ho h npH- 
BHTB $paHD;y3CR0My o6mecTBeHB My cosHaniH) nyreMTb MHoroji'iTHaro 



SAH'B MACE. 23 

H HeyTOMHUaro pacnpooTpaHeHia h bi» ne^ain a Ha npacTflsi. XjDja> 
$eppH H aaiaTa ABnyxaTOBi tojbso jsfiMi euy caHsn;ix) h otfesaeqajra 
6ro pacnpocTpaHOHie sa Bce 4)paHi^y8CKoe Haceieme. 

I. 

aKaHi Maoe CKOE^aica 80-th ji'^tl (ft-b poAy, coxpaHHB'L ao EOHi^a 
SH3HH AyineBHyi) 6oapoctb h He nepecTaBaa pafioxaTB na toitl no- 
npami, soTopony nocsaTHii bcd obod ji,iii.Teja>Ej}D, ^eornyi) 8H3hb. 

OlJIHUTeJUkHUHfl OBOftCTBailH OFO 6uJ[a Heo6£ISHOBeHHafl CKpOliHOCTB, 

oaxoe HCKpeHHee 3a6BeHie cefia h HenoEOJie6H]iiaa Bipa wb yonii'B 
OBoero A^a. BonpesH BceBoanosHUtfi TpyAHOCTHMi h Topisosfln^HBTB 

BJOAHiHH'B. 

Ho Bcei BtpoaxflocTH, choabhsheeh Maoe cociaBflrB ero 6iorpa- 
4>iK), KOTopaa flSHTca lasse n hctophtockhitl o^epKoirB napoAHaro 
o6pa80BaHifl bo $paHi^iH ho^th 3a Bce nocjiiAHee nflXHAecflTHjri^Tie, 
TaKi» KaKii Bca a'^t6J[bhoctb noKo&Haro nepaspuBHo CBHsasa cb a^- 
jioifB HapaAHaro o6pa30BaHifl. B'b HacToan^ee se BpeMfl HMtexca aobc- 
AeHHaa ao 1885 roAa Ciorpaj^ia Mace, HanHcaHHaa ^eccoa, y koto- 
paro Mu H saHM CTByem cBtAi&ia sbshh e a^^oibhocth oahofo hsi* 
saMi^TesABHifiniHxi h CHMnaTH^HifiniHX'B JUOAefl ooBpeiieHHOfl $paH- 
iliH. ^eccoa HH^ero ho roBoperB npoHcxoa^efliH Mace, ho nninymefi 

BTfl CTpOKH npHXOAHJEOCB CJtUmaTB 0TB OFO APy3efi, HTO OCHOBaTOJIB JIhFH 

BapoAHaro oOpasoBaHia poAHJica bb EpecTBaHCKofi ceMB*]^ h OTJiH^ajica^ 
HesAy npoUMi), hhcto KpecTBaHCRHU'B ynpaMCTBOMB BB npecjrbAOBaHiH 
cBoeft nim, HesjEofiHBUMB DMopoHB, a Tasse h Heo6B[&HOBeHHOE) npo- , 
OTOTOK) o6panieHia, Roropoi ne asM'iHHJiiB h cA^aBiuHCB ceaaTopoMB a 
0AHHMBH3B aonyupHifimaxB jiiOAeft bo $paai];ia. Ha^ajio noJiaTaqecRaro 
noapan^a Maoe oxaocarca sb 1848 roAy. Bb Ty nopy ero BojaoBaAB, 
rjiaaauMB o6pa3oaB, BonpocB oOb aaGHpaxeiBHOft pe^opirb^ apHBeAmeii 
KB apaey Bceo6n^eft aoAaqa tojiooobb. UosAaie, EorAa A^KadpBCKii 
nepeaopoxB^ cb aeyiioiKaMoiD soctokootbd, noaasaiB eb leiiy hosotb 
opaBOAaxB Bceo6n^aa noAa^a tojiocobb, KorAa noAKjaAEOft efi cjiysaxB 
aapoAaaa xeuHOTa, Mace OTAaiB bcI cBoa cajoi aa cjiyseaie aapuA- 
BOMy npocBin^eaiJK)... 

Bb aaaapi 48 roAa 6poseaie yaoBB bo $paa^ia aocthfjio buco- 
qaSmefi cxeneaa. Peaoiiioiua twLa, 6j[H3sa. Onno3ai];ia Tpe6oBajia pac- 
npocTpaaeaia a36apaTeju>aaro npaaa aa BcixB rpasAaaB. YcTynaxB- 
jia apasaxejiBCTBO? Ecjui ycxynarL^ to aa KaEofi Toqat oao aaaAerB 
aysauMB ocTaaoBBXBca? 8tb Tpeaosaue Boapociii, mecTB hoa^Jib 
caycTfl, npaaejia s'b naAeaiio Jlya $ajianna. Basaoe saa^jeaie Toro 
nojuiTflHecEaro HoaeaTa saxsaTajno a Mace^ ao toS aopu ae aaTope- 
coBaBmaroca noABTaRofi. Obb saxoT&iB npacoeAaaaTBoa kb abbso- 
aiD. Bb bto BpeMa noaaajiacB ero aepsaa 6poniH)pa: tLettres d^un 
garde national a son vaisiHT^). .(IlHCBHa aaipoaaj[BBaro rBap- 
Aefii^a SB coctAy)- Boxb saKB aaxopB ofiBacaaexB, noAB a^bjio- 



24 ' F7CGK0B BOrATGTBO. 

Hievi KaEoro ^yBcrsa OHa HanHcana: cMHi tfujio vh to BpeMfl 
OROJO TpHAi^aTH Tpexi jrbTB, H fl Ao lixi nopi He npHHH- 
Man HHRaKoro y^aciifl Bi nojuHTH^eoREXii A'bAaxx. nHUHH cjioBaHH, 
fl He oTHocHjicfl cepLesHo Ri cBOHMi ofiflsaHHOCTflifb rpas^^aHHHa, 
TaR'L EaRii HHRTO He BHymaii* hh^ aioro bi tomi BospacTi, Ror^a 
dTO cjiiAOBajio-6H jijbjLSiTb. HHRor;(a ho 8a6y;i;y Toro MOMeHTa Moeft 
SH3HH, Ror;ia BonpocH cnpaseji^EBocTH e rpasAaHCRaro ^OJira Bnep- 
Bue npeAcraiH npe^o hhod bo bcoitb cboomi Bejinm h sasjia^'i^JiH 
MoeK) jiymot, e;^Ba ycniFB RocHyrBca es. SI oha^jc^ B'l cBoeH Ha- 
jiBBBEOfl ROHHaxRi, 3a6siBafl nnn^i r ch^, Bce Bpenui noRa coBep- 
inajica bo mhI BHytpeHHift, ;i[yn[eBHiii& nepoBOpoTB. MsA RasaiocB, 
qio Rpaflne Aep3R0 Hui^TL cBoe co6cTBeHHoe KHtnie o Bonpocax'B 
TaRofi BasHOCTH, a Bi oco6eHHOCTH en^e h ne^aTaTB laRoe MH'i^Hie; 
fl npHAHpaj[Cfl Kb RasAOHy cBoeny ciOBy, fioaoB, "^to safi^y cjehhi- 

ROVB AS^eRO H, BlcbCTi Cb T^Wby SOJiafl BSpaSETb BCH) CBOK) HUCJIB. 

Bi rb BpeMena cjiobo cpaAHRajii) yse 6hiJio bi xo;iy B, npnsHancB, 
OHO RaRi-TO HenpiflTHO SBynajo vb mohxx ymaxi, ^o Bcer^a 6HBaerb 
CB j[d;^bmh, paBHOAymno oiHocjin^HMECfl ri nomnRi h He a&dh^hkh 
ce&k Tpy^a chotpItb bi RopeHB Ben^eft. BeiHRO-se 'Giuo Moe y^BB- 
jtenie, Rorjua a BaMiTHJH, ^o caMi ;i;ij[aH)CB paAHRaj[OirB!> 

HdBtcTHO CB RaROD BHesaHHocTBiD HarpHHyia ^OBpaiBCRafl peBO- 
jnoi^ifl H BaRi npoBosrJiameHO 6bij[0 Boeo6ii;ee H36HpaTeJ[BHoe npaBo. 

Bet JIHROBaJIH, HO Vb CaHOlTB 8T0HI JIHROBaniH TaHJiaCB OnaCHOCTB, 

sopeHHBnraACH b^ HesnaHiH toS HapoAHoft Maoou^ ROTopaa tojdibro ^to 
uojLj^wjLh vb cboh pyRH rposHoo, o6oK)AOOCTpoe opysie. $paHi];ifl ne 
6una no^roTOBJieHa r^ noJiBSOBaHiio npaBOMi Bceo6ii;eft noAa^n rojro- 
eoBi» H npBSBajra r'b BJiacTH nauojieoHOBCRyK) HMnepis). 

Ha Apyrofi aohb uocjA ^eBpaJiBCRaro nepeBopoia Mace Hanncaj[*B 
CBOH) BTopyiD nojiHTHqecRyi) fipomropy, oaarjraBJieHHyi): cLes vertus du 
r6publicaiii». 06t 6pomDpH npoHHRHyTu HCRpeHHHVB A^MORpaTHqe- 

CREMl qyBCTBOlTb, ropflHHlTB COHyBCTBiOlTB R'b C^AHHRy H TJiyfiOROH), 

6e8son;aAHOH) Bponiefi no oTHomeHiio R'B t^hi, EOHy npano hoab^b 
roAOca ABOTCfl ii;eH3oin>, to ecTB bi cnjy H3BtcTHaro AOCTaTRa. 

BcJiiAOTBie y^acxia bi nojiHTH^ecRofi 6opB6%, nocii 13 ro iK)HH 
1849 roAa Smj Mace npsnuiocB yRpuBaTBca otb npecji'^AOBaHift 
peaRipn wb HopHaHAiH, y inROJiBHaro TOBapmiia. ^exupe HicHi];a cny- 
CTH, npHRa3'B o6'B apecTOBaHiH Mace 6hji'b, oahbro, OTHiHeHi, h owb 

miijLT> B08M0SH0CTB BepHyTBCfl Bl IlapHSl, a HiCROJIBRO MtoanjeB'B 

onycTH OTnpaBHJBLCH B'B dJBLBBacB CB i^^^D AocTaBiflTB RoppecnoHAOBiiiH 
raseri^ <La R^publique>. dia noisARa npHBOJia ero bi 8JiB3accRoe 
ceieme Be6jieHrefltf'B, cA^JiraBineecfl BnocjiiACTBiH R0jiu6eji[Bi) cJEhth 
HapoAHaro o6pa30BaHiH». nocrb AORa6pBGRaro nepenopoTa ors nepece- 
jHAoa B^ THxift Be6j[6Hr6ftirB h npHHHjros sa neAarorHqecRyn jx^ba- 

TOJIBHOCTB B'B COCiAHeH'B HaHCiOHt A^ A'^BHI^X, HOCEBmeiTB HaBBaHlo 

Petit Ch&teau.'Ao 1870 r. BeejEenrettifB ocTaBaica i^enTpoirB A'i^OA- 
HocTH cjIhth^, a nocjii ^paHRO-npyccROfi boAhu OTomejii r'b Fepxa- 



TRLWb MACS. 25 

EiH. naHcioiTB,' Bi KOTopoHi A^Bajii ypoKH Mace, 6iurB nepeneceHi 
Bx dHCRifi AenapTaueHTL, bi* Mohtbo. Cioj^a-se nepecejoca h Mace 
H 3AtcB nposHJii jifi soHi^a cBOHXi js,Eei, coBepmaa nots^BH no Bceft 
$paH^i£ jsfiSi Trenifl JleR^iS m op^aHH3a^iE or^^eHitt JlHrn h cb^s- 

JSfiVb. 

PasHOCTopoHHe o6pa30BaHHHft, "TfRji.yA BCflEaro po^a pythhA, 
Mace CB caHoro Haqaia cBoeft neAarorHHecEofi ^'^TeiBEocTfl jwbjcb 
BHymaTB j[E)6obb eb Hays'b h nepe^aBaiB gboh Hay^Eua BEaHiH bb 
^apTDmei $opMt, o6paii^aflCB eb BOodpaseEiE) h cep^iiy cboexb y^e- 
HH]](B. Bb TeqeniH ;^ecaTHJi'&THflro npe6uBaHifl bb Be6j[eHrefliit ohb 
HanHcaiB: «noTopiK EycoqEa xj[t6a», «A'bAyniEHHy apnoMeTHEyi, 
*«CjrfrH sej[y;^Ea», €CEa3EH» h HicEOJCBEO TeaTpajEBHUXB dbocb jifia 
DHomecTBa. IlepRBUi ipa ehhseh fiujrs sacTOflu^EHB OTEpoBeHieirB 
bb neAarorH^ecsoft jiHTepaTypi h ocraHyxcji o6pa3i^OBOi> nonyjuipHsa- 
i^eS say^HHX'B 8HaHit. 

TasejiHfl vn&Tb HanojieosoBCEaro peacEMa 60J1A3H6SHO orsuBajrofl 
BB cepAiii Maoe. Osb 6iub yfi'&s^^eHHHUB pecnydjrnEaEi^eM'B h nexa- 
rorHqecEaa A'^TejiBsocTB, npHTOifb bb orpasEqeHHoft c4»epi nascioHa 
AJTE A%BEn;B, Ee iiorjia sacraBETB ero saCuTB rpossoirB npEspasl 
HapoAEaro EeBtseciBa. CEopo oeb HamejTB HOBoe nonpHH^e aia CBoefl 

AiflXeJIBEOCTE BB OCEOBaElE CeJIBOEflXB 6fl6jliOTeSB. 

n. 

Bb 1860 r. caMO HEEECTepcTBo EapoAsaro npocBtn^eEik, bb lE^b 
TorAaoiHflro MESEcrpa Pyjiasa, EaniJio nojiesEHVB y^pes^eflie oOn^EE- 
jmTb 6fl6juoTeEB e BupasEJo cboe coo6paseflifl no dTovy noBo^y bb 
cooTBtTCTByDmeifB ipqpEyjiflpiv HaxoAEJiE sysEBUfB c^i^aTB tto eb- 
6yAb A^s sapoAEoft uacciz. Caico 006010 pasyHieTCE, ?to saflBieEie 
EanojieoEOBCRaro uEEECTpa BBireKaio eo e3b ECKpeEsaro seiaEis npo- 
cBlni;aTB axy Maccy, a npoAEasEa^ajocB rjcaBEUiTB o6pa30HB eb TOMy, 
Tro6£i 6j[ecsyTB AOtfOEpaiEBuoirB npe^B jiei^omb o^no3E^ifl. I(Bp£yjuip'B 
ocraicE HepTBofi 6yRBoft. Bb somb fobopejiocb, Moai^^y npo^uiMB, h 
asoJiaTeJiBEOOTE ^acTEaro no^uBEa, eo btotb eo^bsb Cujtb Epafise sa- 
TpyAEOSB caicflMB npaBETOJiBCTBOHB^ a noTouy Mace eo mofb pacqE- 

TilBaTb Ea COTpyAEEEOBB. 

Bb 1862 r. Mace sBEJicfl bb 6e6ieErefiMCEyiD MDpiiQ e npEsecB 

•EiOEOJIBEO EEESeEB. HXB BOCTaBEJIE Ea EOilEy, Ha EOpemEi EEBSOEB 

EpacoBaiacB EaAnncB: «Be6jieErefiHCRafl o6n^EEEafl 6fl6jnoTeEa». JIps- 

ApaTBCfl RB Ee6urOEaMipeEE0CTE 9TEXB REESeEBEe 6kUI0 B03M0S- 

HocTE jsfime jifis. EanoJieosoBCRaro npaBErejibCTBa. 9to 6kuib < Bulle- 
tin de la 8oci6t6 d'acclimatation>. IIo cjioBaiiB canon) Mace, «REErE 
Chjie TaRB gjiaroEaicbpesEH, ^to exb eerto e EERorAa se ^ETaJiBi. 
Ho 6fl6jiiOTeR'6 6uj(0 nojoxeno Haqajio. KEsrauB paspimoEo Cbijio 
oTOflTB Ea noJBLEi. SaT^HB EBEXECB APyriE, E Exx yx6 orajiE qETaTB. 
Mtcfli^ cnycTE 6fl6jrioTeRa 6siiJ[a o^^BqiajiBEO yrBepsAOEa icyEEipi- 



20 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

naiBHUMi coBiToiTL H accHrHOBaHo Ha see ^0 $paBEOBT>. npomjio 
ABa ro^a, h bi> Hen hm^jtocb yse 1345 tovobi. 

nepBuS marB Cbutl cA'i^JiaHTb, Mace saflBHin o hcitb bi oAHofi 
H3T> MtcTHHXii raseioKi H Ao^pHi npHMtp'b CTajTb HaxoAHTB noApa- 
saiejiefl. BHaqajE'b, OAHaso, jifhio nuro Bpafine Tyro. OrEJiHRHyjicfl sa 
npHSNB'B KaKoft-TO ;to6po;^yinHufi npe^RTB^ ocHOBajiaoL 6H6jiioTeica bt> 
oKpecTHOCxaxt Toro-ae BefijreHreftMa. Ho ro;^i cnycra ycrpoficTBOirh 
6e6jieHreftMCKofi 6n6jiioTeKH saHHiepecoBajrca ojibh^ bsx KpynirfeSniHX'b 
$a6pHKaHT0BX vh MiojiBrayaeHt, H3BicTHHft 8Hrej[B-^oj[B$yci>. TarairB 
o6pa30M'B qejioBtKi, xoiopui b^ CHjry cBoero ofin^cTBeHHaro nojiose- 
Hifl HorB OKaaaTB cojibahje) noAiiepssy jifksj, 6iui> HafiA^H'B. 

Okoio Toro-se BpeMenn 6e6j[eHre8MCKift Hysni^HiiajrBHBifl cob^ti 
BupasHrB CBoe oo^BCTBie Mace b'b 3aciA&HiH, Ha ROTopoirB o6oys- 
AaJiocB nojioseHie SefijiioTeKH. Mace nocntnrEj'B BOCirojiBSOBaTBCH ra- 
EHM'B Ao6pos6j[aTeJB[BH£nrB RacTpoeBieiri h cnpocHJi'B y npe^eRxa, ne 
BGTptTaTCfl-jiH saTpyAHeHifl, ecjiH opra^H3yeTCfl o6niecTBO js;ia y^pes- 
AeHifl B'B AenapTaMeHTt ofimHEHUxx 6H6jiioTeR'B, noA'B ycjOBieirB BOBH'b- 
maTejLBCTBa fb peinriosHHe h nojiBTE'^ecEie Bonpocu. IIpe^eRrB 
noMopmHJiCfl, HO Asuti paap'&QieHie. Mace 03B'&cthjI'b ^ojiB^yca h, 
nocoBiTOBaBiUHCB CB HHifB^ Hane^aTajii vb cindustxiel Alzacien» 
npoeRTB ycraBa 6H6jiiiOTe?Haro ofim^eciBa, Roropoe b 6£ij[o ocHOBaBO 
qeT£ipe ulcfln;a cnycTH. Ci nepBaro-xe ahh oho Hac^HTsiBaio 813 
qxeHOB'B. Ofin^ecTBO noiy^HJio naHHeHOBanie <BepxHepefiHCRaro 06- 
n^ecTBa od^HHHHX'B SnfijiioTeR'B*. RiHsaimeD i^bd nocTaBJieno 
6hjio pacnpocT^aneHie caMoS n^eH o nojiBsi noAo6Huxi 6H6j[ioTeRnb 
Bx BepxHepefiHCRoifB AenapTaMeHTi h nooii](peHie ^acTHaro nowHa 
BO BcixT) o6mHHaxx, Ry^a 6yAyrB HMtTB Aocryni ^jresH o6mecTBa. 
Ohh aojiseh co6EpaTB H eaReroAHO ne^aTaiB cBi^A'^nifl o 6n6jioTeEax'B^ 
pasAasaTB HpeHiE o6niflHaMi, rotophe BURasyrB HaflSojiBmyE) anep- 
iiK) B'B 6H6j[ioTeqHOMi ji,ijL% EarpaAH sa yoepAie 6H6j[loTeRapEM'B, 
HaROHei;!! A^ATB E AeHesHUfl nosRepTBOBaHifl, RorAa to noTpe6yeT0Ji. 
Khsfe AoisEBi BudEpaTBCfl caMEME qjiOHaME. HjieHCRifl B3floc'B paB- 

EfllCfl TOJIBRO 5 ^paHRaifB B'B TOA^. EH6jriOTeRapE 0CB060XAaiHCB OTB 

Hero. OCmficrtho o6fl3UBajiocB B03AepsEBaTBC4i otb RaRHX'B-611 to he 

6jiJL0 nOCTOpOEHEX'B I^tjiefi. nOGTOflHEKTlfB npe3HAeHT0MT> BBl6paH'B 

6HJIX MiojttrayseHCRift $a6pEEaHrB ^ojiB^yc^, eotobtb AenyTai'B rep- 
iraHCRaro pefixcTara, B'B EOTopoH'B ohi SEeprE^no OTCTaEBaerB npasa 
8JiB3acii,eB'B. CeRpeTapeifB Bu6pajiH Mace. OcrajiBEHe A^aAi^aTB ^e- 
THpe ^Jiesa ROMETOTa npEBaAAeacajiH Kh cpeA'6 4)&6pERaETOB'B, babo-. 

RaTOB'B H pa3EUX'B AOJTSHOCTHUX'B JTEI^'B. JIdAE BCbxi 3Basifi, COCTOfl- 
Hifi H BCeB03M02CHHX'B OTTtHROB'B MB'Iflift (SB EORJIIOqeEieil'B RJIOpE- 

RaJiBHUX'L) BupasaiE cBoe co^iyBcxBie HosoMy o6n^ecTBy, ho RaTOJin- 
^ecRoe AT^OBOHCTBO He saueAJiEJio onoJU^RiBCfl na sero. He pasx ci 
i^epEOBBoft RaeeApu pa3AaBajiECB npoRJuiTifl no ero aApecy, e bto ho 
noTOMy, ^to6h RHHrH, pacnpocTpanaeMHa o6mecTBOM7j, RasajiHCB BpeA- 

HBIHE Ay^OBOHCTBy, a EOTOMy ^TO, EBR'B BEjpaSEJICfl OAHH'B CeJIBCRiK 



aSAH'B HACE. 27 

CBiimeHHHR'b B'b 6eGi;^ ei MapOMl: <IipOHTfl 9TH SUHSKH, OHH 3aZ0- 
TffTB E flpyrHXT>!> 

Bi xeqenm nepsaro ro^a cymecTBOBaHia o6mecTBa (1863-ro) 
Hui HGTpa'ieHO 6ujL0 Ha 6H6iiioTeKH B'jb BepxHepefiHCROMi> jcenapTa- 
veHrb 6000 ^paHKOBi. Iloojii 1864 r. jijbso pasBHJiocB h bi> bogto^- 
Eo8 $paHipH; pl^safl o6ii](EHa ho Ruierb cBoeft,,xoTfl-6u He6oj[Binod 
6B6jiioTeKH. 

06n^ecTBo He Hamjo noJiesHHirb cos^aBaTB pasoMi bosmoseo 6ojil- 
mee KOJin^ecTBO 6H6j[ioTeK'i», He osH;^afl cnpoca co cropoHu caHHXi> 
o6n^HHii. Oho cnpasej^HBO nojtarajio, Tro TaKia 6((6jiioTeRH ne Hut- 
JIH-6H aRHSHeHHOCTE. Q^Ijibk) ero 6UJI0 ne ctojibko yqpesj^aTL qEiajBiBHE, 

CKOJ[BEO BHBHBaiB BXl CBMOCTOflTeJIBHOe BOSHEKEOBenie. 

HmIjiocb B'B BEATi naBEuiTB oCpaaoiTB, eobjoetb Ha ofin^ecxBeHHoe 

VHlHie, BUBCEETB HOlBSy fl EeoSxOAEHOCTB 6E6j[iOTeKE, TaKl qT06H 

osa osaBaiaoii ne tojebko jaibjioyrh stosojiBKEX'B npe^aEsiiX'B js,'hsY 
EapoAEaro npocBinteHifl jtei^'b, eo fljbsowh caMoft oGh^eui, caEEiuo- 

EEpOBaEBUHl> EJEElVinaJfllBSUMl COBiTOH*B E HOJEBSyDH^EECfl 0TB EOrO 

B uaTepiaiBEOH) noAAepsKOX). 

HsrepeceH'B OT^ffrb Mace o nepBOHi roA'b cyn^ecTBOBasifl 6e6jieH- 
reflMCKofi 6H6jdOTeEE, nocjiyxEBmefl oTnpaBHofi To^Koft jifin Bcero 
j^ajOkEiflmaro npocstTETejiBHaro ABBseBia 6E6j[ioTeqEaro oen^ecTBa* 
Ha'iaJifl (TB Toro, ^to KynnjiE EHHrB sa 16 ^paEKOBi e 10 caETH- 
HOBi, T. e. py6iet Ea eetb; cRpoMSBifi niKa^EK'B cb RBHraME dtejich 

B'B EOppEAOpi^ CeJCBCSOft mSOJTH, EO CKOpO KEEFE CTaJIE npEfiHBaTB, 

^BCJio nHTaTOJiefi Gucrpo Bospaciajiio, KEEraH'B ctbjio tIceo b'b mKa- 
$EKi, npEiDjiocB saKasaiB EOBufi nma^'B, ROTopufi yse nociaBBiE 
B'B «6ojiBniyH) 3aj[y», a B'B CuAsei^ noEBEJiacB cojiEAEaa i^a^pa: 
400 ^paEROBi Ha oahe tojibro nepeueTu! 3a TreEie 6pajirE otb 5 

AO 2 ^paHROB'B Wb TOfl,Tu HeEMyHlEX'B EOJOSeEO 6hJ[0 OCBO6OSA&TB 
OTB MaTil, 90 EERTO E6 npeAT)flBEJrB SOJiaEifl nOIBBOBaiBCfl 8T0K) 

iBFOTofi. He 61U0 TaRse savj^HOEo e eersrex'b sjioynoTpeOieBift: be 

OAEH'B TOlfB He 6hJ['B EOTepflH'B, SE O^EOfi REESRE EO paSOpBaJIE. 

B'B ycraBi cb caHaro Ea^ajra OTcyTCTBOBaia craTBE niTpa^axi, 
npaRTERa A'i^a tojtbro no^TBepAEJia ea 6e3noie3EOCTB. 

II. 

B'B TO caMoe BpeHa, Ror^a SCah'b Mace crapajica B036yAHTB ^acT- 
Eufl no'iEE'B B'B xkiA EapoAEaro o6pa30BaBia BiTtcEofi panRi oAEoro 
ss'B ^pasi^yscRRX'B ^enapTaMeETOB'B, Apyroe^ CoJiie mEpoRoe ABESOEie, 

npOEERHyTOe OAESaROBUEE npOCBtXHTeJIBSMHE CTpeMJieEiaHE, EO B'B 

BEaTOTejTBEoi cxeneEH ofijierqaeMoe ROECTHTyi^ioHEofl cboCoaoS cocbfl- 
saro rocyAapcTBa, BOdBERaJio B'B BeJiBriE. Uo saROEy, HSAaEEOMy raH'B 
B% 1842 r. (bo $paEKiE laROft-se saROEX 6HjrB zzj^hWh bi 1850 r.) 
EapoAEoe o6pa30BaHie npeAOCxaBJuurocB AyxoBOECTBy. HtcROJBRO 6ejiB- 
riftcRRX'B JiflfiepajiOB'B cocraBEiiE npocRTB o6n^ecTBa, ROTopoe, pasBtx- 



I 

4 



I»^-^U1^.^_.^_ 



28 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

BiflflCB no Bcefi cTpani^, rpynnHpoBajB[0-6H vh RasA^^Hi BaHTOEi JijDjifi% 
npoHHBHjTiixi 76tsAeHieH*b b-b Heo6xoAHVOCTH napajEHSOBaBifl KJiepE- 
KaiBHaro o6GKypaHTH3Ma. Hm^jtogb bb bh^^j bjhatb Ha o6in;ecTBeHHoe 
MH'i^Hie H BB TO-se Bpeufl B£ipa6aTUBaTB niaHu sejiaTejBtBHHX'B 
pe^opiTB BB padJUH^HUXB OTpacJUiXB HapoAHaro npocBin^eHia. 06iE(e- 
CTBO 6bij[0 ocHOBano bi 1865 r. Oho hochjio HasBaaie cJInrH napoA- 
saro o6pa30BaHifl». 

Bb oi'&ATB>meM'B roAJ (1866) Mace, npHHaAJresaBmifi Ri nnuj 
ueHOBi, npHcyiCTBOBaJTB Ha ro^H^HOifB CBis^t HOBaro 06iii;ecTBa h 
6ujrB HSjMJieH'B Heo6£[?afiHUHi» yon'lxoHi, ROToparo jAajrocB aoctht- 
HjTB BB TaKoft ROpoTKift cpoRB. Oh^ jBMjj^'b HpaRTH'iecRoe ocymeoTv 
BJieHie MucjiH^ OAymeBJiflBmefi ero cavoro npH ocHOBaHis SsdJiioTeq- 
Haro 06mecTBa bi» BepxHepefiHCROMB AenapTaHenri. Ero 6H6jdOTeRH 
H ^HiajiBHH 6ujiH, T. ORasaTB, qacTHHHUifB npBHtHeHieM'B Toft-ace o6]i](efi 
EAOH, ROTopaa nojEoseea 6Brj[a bb ocHOBy 6ejiBrificR0H JlHrn. Ho 
Ror^a, pascrasaflCB cb 6ej[BriftCRnHH ejpHOMunijieHHBRavH, ojn> bu- 
cRaaajTB HaicipeHie cA'bJiaTB bo ^pani^iH nonuTRy ocsoBaHifl noAo6- 
Haro-se OdmecTea, eiiy OTBi^aiH HOAOBip^HBofi yjmi6Rofi. Bi oaHOHB 

A^Jli, B03M0SH0-JIH 6hJI0 Ay^aTB TaROd nOIIBlTR'& BO $paHi^iH, npH 

cyiuecTBOBaBJH HMaepiH HanojieoHa III? 

9to RasajiocB HaHBHKiTB. Mace, OAHaRO, ho TepaJiB HaAeasABi-* 
B^AB HaRaHyni^i ocHOBaHia BepxHepeiHCRaro 6n6jiOTeqHaro 06ii];ecTBa 
H BTa saiifl RasaiacB HHornirB Heocyn^ecTBHHoS, OAHaRO, eeyAajiocB 
npoBecTH b:b shshb. IIoqeMy-^se He nonuraTBCfl pacmHpHTB n o6o6- 
n^HTB TO, wo yse craio A^ftcTBHrejnbHocTBD? B'b 0RTfl6pi 1866 r. 
Mace noM^cTEJiB b^ raaeTi <Opinion Nationals cBoe nepBoe bob- 
BBame. B'B HeicB oh'b ofi'BHCHHJi'B opraHHsai^iK) 6ej[BriBcRoft JIhth e 
cnpamHBajiB no?eMy-6u ho ocHOBaxB TaRoe-se o6niecTBo h bo ^paHi^iH. 
«npaBAa, sairl^arB ohb bb rohii;^ cBoero BossBaHifl, hh ho shboitb 

B'B OAHHaROBUX'B CB HaiHEMH 6eJIBrifiCRVHH CO(A]lfiME nOIHTH^eCRHX'B 

yoioBiflXB. Hau'B npHnuocB 6bi HcnpamHBaTB pasp'bnieHifl, B'B roto- 
poMB OHE He HysA^iDTCH, H HporpaMMa, ROTopyD Mu Morj[H*6u npoA- 
crasHTB Ha yrBepxAeme, 6ujl^'6u Hente HiHpoRofi^ ^itb 6e2BriftcRafl. 
Ho RorAa A'bJio haotb o Bonpod TaRoS nepBOcreneHHOfi BasHocTH, 
cjrbAyorBJiH ooraHaBJEHBaTBCfl nepoAB TaREifB BaipyAHeHieMB h ho 
miTaTBCfl cAiiaTB to, tto bosmosho npH a&bhbix'b ycj[OBiHXB?» Bos- 
SBanie saRjuio^ajiocB ciiAyDn^Mii cjioBanH: cTobopht'b o pe^opui bb 
opraHHsai^iH namero BOficKa, no^eiiy-ace, phaohb c% BOOHHOfi apMiefi, 
He ycTpoHTB jiaHABepa napoAHaro o6pa30BaHifl? EABa-jiH o6n^ecTBeHHoe 
cnoRoftcTBie h nopHAORX ^to HH6yAB noTepaioTB BCJiiACTBie TaRofl 
opraHHsai^iHt. 

JI^Ba AHH cnycTfl Mace nojiy^HJiB HMeHa Tpex'B nepBuxii ^ue- 
HOBB npeAHOjiaraBmeflcH JLeve. HireHa dth tnuoL Rpaine cRpoHHU, 
OHH npHHaAJiesaiur, OAHaRO, jboaamb, ROTopue hohhah h onjkKaiiE boih- 
Roe SHa^enle A^a: AMtnyam MaMu — o6ep'B-ROHAyRTopi» jiiOHCRoft 
sKOJi'bsHoi Aoporn, Xam Ilemu — RaMneTeci h JapMte — ropoAC^oft 



JOikVh MACB. 29 

cepsaHTi, T. 6. npocTOft ropoAOBog. Btotb no^xeHHuS oepmaHTi 6ujli> 
Moserb thUh canHiTB noiesHUKTb uenoirB npH B03HHKB0BeHiB JlarH. 
AiflcTBHTejCBHo, KaKi» EpHHaTb ofii 0^^03l^i0HH0CTH BOBoft sarbB, 
Korxa Bi> Heft npHEHnaeTB y^acTie fiincTHrejiB o6ii](ecT9eHHaro nopaAsa 
H cnoBoficTBifl? OcHOBaTejib 06ii^ecTBa, HeneAieHHo, 8aBBHj[i> b'l < Opi- 
nion Nationale> o nepBUxi HJieHaxi JlnrH h npocciJi'L seiiaioii^Bxii 

npHMKHyTB Kl HOft, npHCUiaTB HSFbn^eEiil H 06l>flBJ[ATB pa3Mtpi 

noxepTBOBafiifi. npieifL qjnenoBi npoAOJixaicfl, paspimeHie-se Bui- 
jiocb Bi BEAT HonpocHTL J npaBHTOiLCTBa no HaKonjieEiH BSBlcxBaro 
^HCia y^acTHHROBi. ^Jifiio noiABTB, ecjiH Haorajs'L fifla Hero Hac^!» 
npHfiaBJUui Mace bi» cBoeMi saflBJieHiE h He omH6cfl wb Bufiopi 
MOHeHTa: aosa^itl nocuoajiHOb bi BefijeHreHMi nncBMa oi nosApaB- 
jieHiHHH, BonpooavH, npeAfloseHiHsiH nporpaMHi. IIpHctuajBCB h 
AOHBrE. 06o BceiTB BTOiTL AaBaxcfl orqerb Bi»Tofi-se « Opinion Natio- 
nale» h pacnpocrpaHfljiaGb, Boofin^e, wb neqaxH HAea GSn^ecxBa aapoA- 
Haro o6pa30BaHui. Mace cxapaicA nocxaBHXB a'^o na neftxpajibByD 
noHBy, He Eacaacb he peJiHriosHaro, hh nojtHXHqecKaro Bonpoca. II,tjib 
6iiia npocxa h acHa: npHrjiamaiHCb juoah, aseJiaDn^ie coAtScxBOBaxb 
napoAHOMy o6pa80BaHiD. 

Micai^ cnycxfl nojiyqeno 6iuo 510 noAnnceft, vb $eBpaj['6 se 
oiiA7»nt&ro roAa hxi HacqHxuBajiocB yse 2,109, a bi Hat— 4,075. 
noAHHCKa A^a 7i202 $paHKa. PacsoAU paBnaJiHCB 2,928 ^paHKaa^B. 
ToA^ cnycia qHcio ih^b, Bupa3HBmax^ CBoe coqyacxBie HOBoay o6- 
nteoTBy, AocxHrjio 4,792, h8t> hhx'b 4,751 npaxoAHXca na ^pani^iio, 
a 41 saaBJieHie nojiyqeHO 6iiJiO h3% Bejn>riHy AnrjiiH, repaaBia, 
niBefli^apiH, HxaiiH, Poccin, ErHnia, CoeAHHOHHUx'B IIIxaxoBi C. A. 
H ASse HSi CHHraaypa. 

Bi caMOft $paHipH HanuocB ABinaAi^axB AenapxaMenxoB'B, He bu- 
KasaBmaxi HHsaRoro coTyBcxBin, a BMeHHO: MopcBax'B Ajibqi, Ap- 
pBepxcsift, 06cKift, HasHe-AjanificKifi, KoppescKift, KopcHRa, CtBep- 
Hiift, BepxHe-JIyapcBift, JloxcKlft, CaBoftcRift, BoRJDSCRift h BaaAea. 
HaH6oxBniee ^ulojlo coqyBcxByDn^te'B najio aa CeacRift AeaapxaMOBTB — 
1268 H BepxaepefiacRifi (kicxo A^flxeJiBHOcxa Mace)— 401. ^ajiie cjit- 
AOBajEH: BoreacRifi — 292, MapacKift — 238, HaaHe-CeHCRifl— 217, Poh- 
cKifi — 176, JTyapencRift — 158, BapcRift— 125 h MoaeiBCRifl— HI. 

CaHo co6oK) pasyuiexca, qxo B'b AtficxBBxejiBHOcxa qacjio coqya- 
CTBynnpx'B 6ujio HecpaBHOHHO SHaqaxejuBaie, noxoMy qxo Maorie, He 
npaioiRafl 4><)P^a^ko> J^^ npoBOABJia x^m'b ho Heate mucjb S^aaa 
Mace Bi ceiaxi h ropoAaxi. Bi pasjsHqHux'B Mlu^xaocxaxi o6pa3o- 
BaiacB RpysRH, — ^sapoAunrB opraaasaiUH cjitAOBaxejuBBO yse cyme- 
OTBOB*aji'B. PafioxaiiH, rxo RaRi yiitjix, coo6pasaacB ci ycjiOBiaifa h 
rpynaapyflCB BORpyn jiiOAefi aaai^iaxaBU. 8xa rpyQQH, bi ctiJiy 
ecxecxBeaaaro cfijiaaeHifl na noqBi OAOoro h xoro-se A^Jia, a o6pa- 
BOBaia BnocJiiACXBiH Aary napoAaaro o6pa306aBia, noMHMO oCuiaro 
aapaate BHpa6oxaHaaro njEana hjih nporpaaHbi, Roxopue MorjiQ-6u 
JTHfflB noBpeAHXB jijhjLj Ha axoft nepBOH cxynean ero pasaaxia. Thr'b 



30 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

jj^yHajsL'B Maoe: owb BBicTyasun, no ero oodcTBeHHUM'K oiOBatf'B, 6e3'b 
jcTaBa vb EapnaHt (btotb 6arasi npio6p'&CTH ho Tpy;iHo) n Ha^nHaxi» 
cb nponoB'i^An caMofi haoh h ycrpoficTBa HtcTHUxi) KpysKOBx, npe- 
;[(0CTaBJ[flfl BTHiTB FpynnaifB saBocra y ce6a BnocjrbACTBiH HaH6ojiie 
yA06Hy]D ;^fl Kas^od 031 hhxii opraHHsai^x)^ a A^Ji'^e nptrcTyaHTB, 
nyT^Mi ^^eierai^ifi, hr'b o6pa30BaHijo q^eHipajE^Haro oprasa JlnrH. 

«Bu30BHTe ^aoTsyio HHHii,iaTEBy h osa cAtsaerB cBoe A'i^Jio». 
BorB ^TO roBopHJi Mace bo Bd^xi cbosxi B033BaHiflX'B h oxaTB^ix'B. 
H eme: €M£i ho ynpaBJiHOirb h ho KOvaHj^yeMi HHEtirii. Kam^^an 
odn^HHa OTRpuBaeTL cboio 6H6jiiOTeRy a yapaBJAerB em no cBoeiry 
pasyMtniH). MexAy co6o» naini Hfenero j^inaTB, KpoM* npocToro koh- 
cTarapoBaHifl AOCTorHyraxi pesyjuBTaioBt, coo6^^eHifl noaHTOKt, npe^- 
npHnflTiixiBiBHAypacnpocTpaHeHiHEamero jiitfa, npiHCRaniA cpeACTB'B 
n JooflfiH^ ROTopue irorjH-6u ABHnyTB ;^o wh Ttxi* MtcTHOCTaxT), 

TAi OHO HAOTB Tyro H Me^JieHHO^ HaROHOI^l, BSBJieieBDI UOJUeSEHX'B 

CB^AtHift B[3'L namefi nepenncRff. Ot^otbi namnx'B sactAaHiflxi. ao- 

BOAflTL BC6 DTO J!fl BCeoSn^arO CBtA'^HiH, ^TO, Kh CBOH) O^OpOAB, CO- 

AtdcTByerB ABnsemio bi. noJiBsy yqpesAOHia HapoAHUxi> 6a6iiOTeR'B. 
MioTHhie RpyaEH 6yAyTT> BosEHKaiB noBcioAy, r^t naftAyTCH oo^ys- 
cTByjon^ie. Oah ecrecTBeHHUM'B o6pa30H% noscjiaioTB cfijiHaceHiA ci> 
cocIahhmh, h, ROrAa btb RpysRH CyAJTb AOctaTO^HO MHoro^RCJieBHiir, 
OHH npHmJiiDTi AeJEeraTOBi Ha o6ni;ee co6paHie. Bee bto HOHceT'B a^- 
jiaTBCJi OTRpuTO, Ha rjiasaxi y BJiactefi h, Aase^ -no corjiameHin cb 

HHMB». 

06mj&e co6paHie Mace npeAnoiaraji'B cosBaTB bo Bpeiifl BUCTaBRH 
1867 rOAa. 

€Bh cnpocHTe, too fiyAerB ji^budLTh JEnra no CBoeart oROH^aTOJB- 
HOMX ycxpoficTBi? DHcajii Ofl'B no BTOiiy noBOAy: Ona fiyAorb AtJaiE 
^TO xoqerB. IloJiaraH), hto jtioah, ROTopHe npHMytx bi Heft y^aciie 
He MaJiojitTHie E[mo mh^ H6?ero JioMaTB rojiosy, npHAyMUBafl a^s 
Hsxt saHfliiH B'B HacTOflniyio HEHyiy. RorAa aiiepHRaECRie niosepn 
HAyTT> Ha A^o^S SanaAib ocnoBUBaTB cboh noceJieHm, BcerAa-AH 

SHaDTL OHU, RaRl H TA^ OHH HXl yCTpOflTb? OhH COBHaiOrB CBOK> 

anepriio, cboh chjtu h 3HaH)Ti>, mo Tatti* ecTB aeBUH, rpefiyiDii^ifl pac- 
qncTRB. Ho nocHOTpHTo Ha 8TH soifJiH AOCHTB jTbTb cnycTfl: BU nafi- 
AeTe TB.wb ropoA'B) njran'L ROToparo, 6e3% coiraiHiff, ne JDesaji'L y 

HHX1> Bl> RapMaHt, BO BpeMfl HXl OTbtSAa. OAHaRO, HeCMOTpfl Ha 

BTO, ropoA'B-To BHCTpoHjDica. TaRTb 6yAerB a ex naniefi JEnrofi, ecjiH 
HH caHH ^i6ro-Ha6yAB GT6aHX>. 

Ha^aio A'^TOJIBHOCTH Mace coBnaio cb nepioAOM'B Toro on^'bntHe- 
Hifl, Tofi HpaBCTBOHHod cnH^RH, ROTopaH oROBHBaJia ^paHipD BO Bpe- 
Mena BTopoft BMnepia. dxa a'^tojibhoctb cnocoGcTBOBaia npo6ysA^- 
Hiio ({>paHii;y3CRaro o6n^ecTBa h yRasaza eiiy, na ^to h RaR'B oho 
AOJiaRHO HanpaBHTB cBoa HHTejueRTyaiBHua h HpaBCTBOHHBiH CHjru a^a 
Eaafiojite niOAOTBopnaro hx^ npHviHeHia. 

nponoBtA^ Heo6xoAHMocTH npoGBJ^n^eHiH jsfia ^aHUjyeccoft AepesHH. 



mkWb MACS. 31 

Hamia otejuuii y Tix-b, komj npHuiJuocB enie TaRi> HeAasHo yBQAi^rB 
HeonpOBepzHMoe AOKasajeJibCTBo TeMHOTU 6ojiBmHHCTBa ^pani^yscEaro 
Hapoi(a, KOTopuft, oiBepHyBniBCL oti> pecnyfijiHKa, caMi) Ha;iiiirB Ha 
c66fl HaaojDieoHOBCKie osobu, caMHuii HeyAa^HJUMi» oGpaaoirB Bocnojib- 
soBafiinHCB 3aBoeBaHHiiii'B j^ifl Hero ropoACEHMi> Hacej[eHieMi> h flHTej[- 
j[ureHi(i6& npaBOMi BceoGn^eili noAaiiH rojioooBii. 

m. 

Bi> 1867 roAy Jlnra Bcxynnia bo BTOpoS ^asHOii CBoero cynie- 
cTBOBaHiH. OcflOBaxejib Hainejrb, ^to qncjio ^jLenoBi AOciaTO^Ho bo- 
IHKO AJta cosBaHia o6ii];aro cofipaniji. Oho 6iiIjio Ha3Ha?eH0 Ha 15 
H0H6pa Toro-se ro^a, bt> Xlapast, ho ho coctghjiocl, TaKi EaKi> npa- 
BBiejiBCTBeHHoe pasptmeme 6uao nojiy^eno 0jinHiK0Mi» hosaho. Mb- 
. B'^n^aa o6'i> axoifL, Mace pa3ocjiaji'L upoeKrb ycrasa, ROTopufi im'k- 
jiocB wb BBAy oGcys^aiB Ha co6paHiH. Botb 8TorB ycTaBi: 

CmamM J. «2lHra HMterB i^iABD BU3BaTB bo bc6& $paH^iH qacx- 
Hufi iio^aHi B'B nojDLBBy pa3BflTiH HapoAHaro ofipasoBanifl. 

CmamtJi II. Jl.^TejLhEocTh JIhph aaKJiDqaexca bi> ocHOBaniH 6h- 
OsioxeKb n KypcoBi jim B3pocjiux'B, axasse mKOJTBA^fl A'^Teii Bes^t, 
TA'b B^ TOMi OKaseTca HaAo6HO(yrB, a TaKJKO h bi noA^epsK'b 110^06- 
EUXb yqpeacAeHift Taui, r^t OHHyse cyn^ecTByK)!^. 

CmamM in. KaRi* npa ycTpoitcxBi 6B6JBLioTe^i»| xasi* h bi npo- 
rpaHMaxi msoJi'B h sypcoB'B, ocHOBaHHUX'B hjih noAAepsHBaeMnxi 
JlHrofi, Heo6xoAHMO B03AepsaBaxBca oxi> KaKofi-6u xo hh 6buo peJiH- 

rioSHOfi HAH lIOJIHXH<ieCKOii nOJieMHKH. 

Hjiohu JIhph BcerAa ocranyxca cyABaMH pasMipa, cpoKa h yno- 
xpeSjienia A^HesHux'B bshocobi. 

Ohh 6yAyxi> rpynnapoBaxBca no CBoeny ycMOxpi^Hiio bi neaaBH- 
oHHua ofin^ecxBa, sanpaBJuiionUa BiiojiHt cauocxoaxejiBHo cnoco6oMi» 
ynpaB^eHia, cboScxbomi h o6i>euoiFB cBoeS a'^tojibhocxh. 

JIflra 6yAexi> HMtrB ArenxcxBO, KoxopoMy nopyqaexca: nponaraH- 
AipoBaxB A^jso JlarH, HSAaBaxB ox^exH ea a'^tojibhocxh a cosHBaiB 
eseroAHoe o6Q(ee co6peHie. 

CmamM TIL AreaxciBO CyAOi^ npoACxaBJiaxB oxqex^ cBoeft 
AtaxojiBHOCXH Ha6jiiOAaxeABHofi soMMHcia H BB sa2SAoui> ^ox^exi ne^a- 
xaxB noApofiayK) xa6jiui^y upaxoAa a pacxoAa. 

CmamM VIE. HaKa&oe HBiilHOHie nacxoa^aro ycxana ho iiosexi 
611IXB BOxapoBaHO oGniaifB co6paHieM'B 6e3i» iipeABapHxejiBHaro coo6- 
lUeaia i^HxpaJiBHOHy areaxcxay, Eoxopoe oGasaao aoboahxb ero ao 
ooH^aro cB'&A'^Hia oxAtsBBUx'B 1 pynn^, BxoAaiuax'B bi cocxaai Jlara. 

OAHaKO HeMHorowcjieHHU 6uJia emfi Epysaa h pacnpocxpana- 
jibcb ohb aobojibho MeAJteaao. 3axo wb nlKoxopux'B sasaBGaJia kjuo- 
^OM.'b a Bii aaxii ae a^aAeia ycajiili a xpyAa. Kx ^aciy aaa6ojrbe 
AtflxeJiBaBKX'B flpBaaAiiesaji'B, aaapaMip'B, KpysoKi, oGpasoBaBmiica 
b^ Mei^t. BjiaroAapa BUAS^i^niia^ca juofl^wb a jifiaeKwawb cpeAoxBaai , 



32 PyCGSOB BOrATCTBO. 

KOToptuffl OHH pacnojarajiB, A^TeJCbHOCTB sioft rpynoH AooiHrjia mH- 
poRaro pasBBTui. He mejio coAtflCTBOBaio jcaixy h to o6cTOflTejn>- 
CTBO, ^To Meii;cKifi npe4>6KT'L ^euefi^ewKo paspinmjt'B o6iuee co6paHie 
Ha 8T0Mi> co6paBiH ^ujin uphhatb ycTaBi, KOTopfiia, xaEse 6j[aroAapa 
ooAificTBiK) npe^esTa, 6hiJL'b HOMeAieHHo b yxBepav^esi. Bi loirB-se 
roAj (1867) spyxoK'B oTEpujTB 6fl6juoTeKy h Eypcu js;m BspocjHX'B 
ci nojiBofi yflBBepcBTeicEofi nporpanMOlt, sa BCSJiio^eBieM'B JtaxBBCKaro 
H rpenecKaro BauEOBi. 

BjiaoTB B6 npoTflBBJffiCB Ao6poMy Ba^HHaHiD, HO enBCEOB'B paspa- 
SHxcfl HB 6ojrbe hb HeHie EaE'B— -oxiyqeBieHii ovb i^epEBBl 

HBflniaTop'B Mei^cEaro EpysEa, npo^eccopi Htcxsaro JiBnesi BaEKa 
6jiaT> vh TO so BpeMfl h npesBAeHTOHT* Haconcsoft jiosb. B'b cipeflfk 
HacoBOBi 0Hi> Baniejii noiesBuxi, jyAjLorh noHomiHBKOB'L. Ebbceoitb 
Boonoj[B30Bajicfl BTBMi, HTo6u yEasaTB fla MacoHCTBO H Ha Jlary na- 
poABaro o6pa30BaBiB, EaE'L na j^sa o^HHaEoBO BJnoBpeAHuxi ;^a. ^ase 
naparpa^'B yoTaBa Jefh, roBopHBmift g6'l ycTpaseBiH peiEri03Buxx e 
noiETHqeoEHii BonpocoBi*, nocjB[ysBjKi enflCEony hobo^^oitb kl o6bh- 
HeHii): cSHaqHTB, xejiaiorb CBCTeMaTB^eoEB ecejid^tb pej[HriK)>, Tas'B 
odxacHfljTB OHB. CaMO C060H) pasyifieTCfl, ms> ocihGh Jlnra BSAyKajna 
saHHMaTBCfl pejiHrioBBHirL BonpocoiTB^ enHCEoniHaro Haniejrb-6£i npe- 
AOcyAHTeiBHuiTB. BnpoqeiTB, 8to nepBoe HanaAenie nocjiysBJio Ha 
nojiBsy JEnrt, TaEi EaEi npio6piio et co^bctbIo HacoHCTBa: n&h 
uens MacoHCEHTB Aosi js^rexhEO nponaraHjprpoBaiH ea a^o, uas;B 
cpoABoe CB flxi ooGcTBeHHuiTB <no 6j[aropoAOTBy h BosBumeHBOcxH 
HA6H1. BiaronpiflTHUiTB o6cToaTej{BCTBOirB abhiocb h to, ^to ennc- 

KOITB Bl» TO 86 BpOlTfl OHOI^BJIOS H Ha MHHHCTpa HapO^HarO UpOCBt- 

H^eHia ^pDB, EOTopuS CTapajECfl npeoCpasoBaTB cpe^Hifl aceHCEiH 
yneGHHA saBeASBifl bi cMucjit BesaBHOBirocTH otb EaTOJOTB^iecEaro 

BliEHlH H nOEpOBBTeJIBCTBOBaJI'L OTEpBETiX) SaBOAeHlfl, npOHHEBpUXB 

aHTBEiepHEajiBBHirB AJ^oMi. FoneHie, BosABBrHyxoe enHCEohoMi o^ho- 
BpeMOHHo E Ha MBHBCTeppTBO BapoAHaro npocBin^eHifl h Ha ^ry 
HapoAHaro o6pa30Baflifl, nocTaBEJio sanoieoHOBGEoe npaBHTejiBCTBO 3% 
Heo6xoAHUocTB Hflrqe othoothcb ei Jlwci. 

HpHEtpy MOAOEofi rpynnsi cEopo nocitAOBaiH EpysEH, o6pa80- 
BaBmiecfl b*b PeftMOl, ^iannt, KojiBMapi^, FaBpt, OpjieaHl, Pyant e 
HaHGH. SaTiM^ cTaiE BosBHsaxB rpynnu h BiAepoBHEXi. Oco6eHHO 
OEJ[BHO Shjio ABHseme bb 68 mi h 69'Wb roAy. Ero ycniixu hosho 
npocj[iAHTB no oT^exaiTB, soTopue ne^aTai'B bx to BpoMfl Mace. Bb 
hhx'b mu HaxoAHEB noApo6ByK) jr&TonHCB JIbfe, ea nocjiiAOBaTejiB- 
suxB ycHJdfi BO BceMB exb p3Hoo6pa3iH, CB yEasanieMB Ha MtoTHo- 
CTH H ji[H)Ae&, coAiKcTBOBaBinHXX A^y. '^Hxaa bte OT^oTBr, mbi Eas'B- 
6h npHcyTCTByoMB npa BiopaeHiH nporpeccHBHOft hagh h nooxeneH- 
HOMB 3aBoeBaHiB QJD cxpaHii. Mace hooxoxho BCxynaiB bb nojioEBEy, 
HO no BpeMeHasTB ocxpoyMHo oxst^ajB aa Hansen bb EopoxeHBEEXB 
saMtxEaxx, oeoSeaHO bb xtxB cjy^aaxB, EoxAa nepexojrvoBBiBajiH sa- 



SAHl MACE. 33 

jia<ia Jlnrn, a to h npflvo RjieBeTaiH. TasHHi otb£toii'l EJieBeTHHEaBTB 
6uji2k E 6poniiopRa ero, osarjiaBJi^HHafl <Philosophie de la Ligue». 

]lo canaro 1870 vojifiL, to ecTB jjjo ofiiiflBJieHUi $paHKO-npyccKoft 
Bofiflu, Jlora HO nepecTaBajia cjit;i;0BaT& no nyTs, HaMi^eHHOMy SKjair 
HOM^ Mace. KpoMi i^jcaro pa^a MioTHOcrett bo ^pani^in, ABHxeme 

OXB/lTIIilO Aa3U) efl KOJOHIH, TJiaBHUH'B oSpaSOHl AlSEp'B. Mo»HO 

csaaaTb, vio BnepBue nocjA 6e3^eJi0B'b<iHuxi» no^BflroBi ^paai^a- 
csHx^ BottcRi vh. CiBepsoH Aj^pHKi 8Ta EOJiOHifl, 6jiaro;i;apfl si shbt 
TOTOJiiiHOfi cieneflH ycnjimwb JIheh Hapo^Haro o6pa30BaHifl^ ysH^^tjia 
JB. xopoinifl CTopoflH oBponeficRofi syjofbTypn. 

IV. 

KpysoK^, ofipasoBasmificfl b7> IlapHst, OKasajTB Cojihmia. ycjuyrs 
jijbjLj H, Bnocji^ACTBiH, CA'birajicfl i^effrpoii'L JlHrn sapoAHaro o6pa30Ba- 
Hifl. FjiaBH&iMi coTpyAHflROMi Mace b'l IlapBst 6kuii Heo6£iKHOfieEHO 
AiflTejibHiifi HejTOBiRi BHaHydJiB Bonid (Yauchez), bo MHorHxx otho- 
meHiflXi> HanoM HHasinifi canoro Mace. Boma 6ujii» bi JiyqineMi cMuoii 
cjroBa alter ego ocflOBaTOJifl JEbfh. FjiyGoRo ySisAOHHiifi, cRpoM- 
eh9, HeAo6HBaBmificfl HHSorAa hsb^cthocth h fiesROHeqHO Tpy^oxKH 
^HBufi qejOB^RT), Boma, noAo6HO ^any Mace, npHHUca sa A'i^o oji,BWb 
H BecBsia GRopo crpynnnpoBaJLi BORpyrb ce6fl tfEornx'B co^yBCTBO- 
BBBniKxi daAaqaHi JlErE e ri Tony se BHAanniiExcA Joojifit. Ilpesfl- 
AesTo&ii soBaro RpyaRRa corjiacBJica 6utb ssaMeEBTufl acrposoHi h 
nonyjiflpflsaTop'L ^aaMHapioEi). Bb nepBufl TOjp> cyntecTBOBaHia na- 
pflscRaro oTA'J^ia (1867) Bi newh EacHETUBajocB 117 HieflOBX. B'b 
Eaccb emIjiocb 449 ({tpasROB'B e 50 caETHMOBi! nepBafl nonuTRa eo- 
Baro o6ii];eGTBa se yBta^ajraoB ycnixoMi: npeAAOSEJiE Hapy o^soS es'l 
oCniEEi) iOpcRaro AonapTaveETa AOsesEoe noco6ie Ea OTRpBirie 6e- 
6jD0Te<rRE E RypcoB'B A^ BspocjifiX'B, a TaRxe e sa cTEneEAis ji't- 
TEM^ EeAOGiaTO'iEBix'B poAHTOJiei, so MBpi EO co6j[aroBOJ[EJ[i At^se 
OTfiiTBTB sa npoA-iosesie. KpyasoRX se ysuBajTB, ^ecjio ^AesoBi* ero 
B03pacTaj[0. 6i Bepxse-MapscROM^ AonapTauesTt sanuiE ceJibCEaro 
y?BTeJifl, ROTopufi, EecHOTpfl sa orpasfl^essocTB gbobxi MaxepiaJiB- 

flUXl) CpeACTB-B E 60J(Biny]0 CeSBH)^ BEOiTEt CaMOCTOEieJIBEO yCTpOEJ['l> 

Kypcu AJUi BspocJiHxi. napBscRit RpysoR^ nocjiaji'B eiiy 100 4>paE- 
VJDBTb sa noAAcpau^sie noiessaro A'kxh. ^BaAi^aTB ^pasROBi* 6buo 
OTDpaBJieso Ea ycTpoflcTBo 6B62iOTe^Rfl b-u BBescROMi AonapraMeErb 
E 52 ^pasRa ji^jie TaRofi-se i^e B'b 3pcRiK. Bb iioat cjniAJiOE^aro 
roAa iioflBfljicfl nepBHE OT^erB spysRa, j)opMyj[EpoBaBmiH ero 3aAa?y 

B'B CJltAyDmEXTi CJIOBaXi: 

tB-b IlapEst oprasB30BajiacB Jlsra sapoAsaro o6pa30BafliE, Euto- 
ii^afl i^tjBK) pacnpocTpafleEie npocstai^eEifl B'B npoBEEuifl. Hosan 
rpynfla ciaBBTB ce64 BCRjmoqBTeJiBEOK) i^tjiBio: ipyABTBca sa nonpBmi 
pasBETifl oCmaro o6pa30Baflia bo ^pasi^is e BOSAepssBaTBCs otl bch- 
Karo yMacTiB b% nojiETEHecREXi* s peiEriossux'B npepeRaBiflX'B>^ 

M 18. Ox^in 1. Z 



34 PyCCEUE BOrATCTBO. 

^eflOBt BTb xyl'nopy 6hjio y«e 234 h bt» tojtb hhcjA ipa AenyTaxa, 
TjiaBBHft peAaBTopx ^Opinion Nationalei) Fapy, n3AaT6j[B cSi^cle 
FaBeHi) H 0ARHi» ceHaTop^, a HueHBo sHaMOHHTBiit nHcaxejiB Cewh- 
BeBi, AonoJiHfljFH guhcor-l BBiAaion^Hxcfl qjieHOBi. Esero^Hiiie bshoc^i 
AaBajiH yse 1037 ^paHKOBi. 

IlapnaccEik KpysoE'b Eiftjii bi* BH^iy pacnpocTpaneaie npocBtme- 
HiH, rjaBHUMX o6pa3ou'B, b^ cpeji^t ceJiBCEaro HacejieHiff, noon^pHfl 
lacTHufl no^EHii fl^JLE saBeAeHia eapoAHBixi) qnTajieHii, CesajiaTHBix'B 
uypcoBT) H nySjiHqHHXt aeKD^ift. Ha ofimewfi co6paBiH bt. Iboh* 1869 r. 
o^E^ecTBo oKOH^aTejiBHO opraflnsoBajiock h Bupa6oTaJio ce6i yciaBi. 
IIpeAcfeAaTejieirb Bu6pajiH Mace, ceKpeiapeM-B — Boiua. Bni^e iipe3H- 
A6HTaMH B£i6paHii 6wivi: H3B'bcTHHft HCTopHK'L AHpH MapxeHT. n acxpo- 
HOMx ^jiaMMapiOH'B. B'B EOMHTOT'b HaxoAHJiBCB: KJtaiiaxepaB'b, Mac- 
coJTB fl iKyp^iiaHx (peAaExopt <Sifecle>). IIpoineHie o paapimeHiH 
HOBaro oOmecxBa aobojibho aojifo cxpaHCXBOBaio no M^HflcxepcxBaMi, 
He MHHya h noJiHiie&CEofi npe^eBxypH. KoMHxerL HSAajTb ;i;Ba bo3- 
3BaHifl. B'B OAHOMT) fid's HHX7> yEasuBajiocb Ha HacxoflxejiBHyio Heo6xo- 
AHMocxB noAHflXB ypoBOHB HapoAHaro oCpasoBaHia bo $paHa.iH, xaKi 
KaE^ osta saaHMaeTX B'B otomI) oxaouieuiH deihuadnamoe Mtbcmo a 
CTOMXB HBae CoeAHHeHHHX'B inxaxoB-B, niBefiiiapiH, IIpycciB, ToirjiaH- 
AiH, BaBapiH, BK)pxeM6epra h APyr. HB»e *pafluiH cxoajih xojbeo 
K)3SHo-eBponeiicEia crpaHM h Poccia. Bo BXopoHi B033BaHiH yKaausa- 
JiocL Ha nojib3y, Eoxopyio Moacext npHHecxii napHaccKaa rpynna JlarH. 
Oaa upeA^araJia 6e3[TjaxHoe coAtncxBie bhobb BOsanEaBninMB idko- 
jiSkVL-h B-b A't'ik npio6p*xeHlH yieoHux'L nocoClii pasaaro po^a, HaiH- 
Haa oxi> reorpa(|>H'iecEnx'b EapxB & KOHHaa ^HSHqecRHMH nHCTpyuea- 
xaMB. KpoMt Toro npeAJarajsiHCB xeJiaion^HM'L oxEpuBaxb 6fi6;iioxeRB: 
Kaxajiom noJiesHux^ sHBrb h cob'I^xju a^h Bu6opa RHarB juia cejiB- 
cRaro H ropoACRoro paSo^aro Hacejieaia. 

nocROiiBEy A03B0JiHx^ uaxepiajiBHuii ^ocxaxoRB, Jlara 6pajia Ha 
cefifl noAAepacsy h. AeaeaHUMH cpeACxaaMB. 

Ki BossBaaiK) npejioaceHa dbua xafijiHi^a yse CA'^JiaHHiix^ pacxo- 
AOB^ Ha y^peacAeaie CHSjiioxe^eR-B, Ha nocoCia Haafioiie sacjryaeH- 
HiiiM^ cejiBCRHMi y^HxejiflMB H Ha noAA^pacKy oAHoro cHpoTCRaro 
AOMa. 

Bo33BaBifl tujia pacnpocxpaHOHH no Bcefi ^paHi^in vh ROJiHHecTBi 
it'bCEOJiBEHX'b Tuca^i aRseMnjiflpoBi. Faaexu nporpeccBBHaro oxrbHEa 
iie^axajiH hx-b aa cbohxii CT0jD[6i^axi>. 

PeaEn,ioHHafl ne^iaxB ae aaMeA^HJua onojiqaxBca aa «H0Bys) h fipe^- 
uyi) 3aTb]D». HameJicfl A^se npo^eccopi HcxopiH, npHCjaamiH pyra- 
TOiiBHoe HHCbMO ceRpexapEo napEiaccRaro oxA'bJia JIarE: cBu HaHBHO 
pacqHXbiBaexe, nHcaji'b dxorb npo^eccopx, 3aBep6ofiaxB bi cbobo aaxa- 
pejiariosHyH) h aHXHConiaJibHyiD ceaxy Hlaoxopux'b ceaiBCRHX'B ynnxe- 
Jieft. TaEi* saafixe-ace, AepeBHa BaMi a^cxi oxnopi. Baci» xau% aaa- 
jDTii, H ecjiH BaMi H yAacxcfl saaepdoBaxB Eoro-HH6yAB, xo axo 6yAyxiB 
HJiH AypaRH, HJiH HeroAflB. yHBBepcHxexi> oxaepraexi* aacb, Kaai onac- 



aSAHl) MACB 35 

HHiT* noMomHOTOBTb, ijaKi ^a^y6HHX^ TOBapHmeS, hcthhhhx^ lyA'b 
HcKapioTCKBrB bi ji^ijA napojiHaro npocBimenia... ^ejitanaa CTtaa 
CTOHTi, i[ea;^y BaMH H BCiMII qeOTHHMH jijojibmh*. 

KJepHKajiBHafl rasexa «Univers» BocxHTHJiacb ciipeKpacflHM'b ^ys- 
CTBOM't, BAoxHOBJiflBinHtfT> aBTopa HHCBMa*, npo$eccopa llHKOJia (ce- 
KpeTapb napnaccKaro oT^tJia JiHrH nane^aiaji^ ero bt> raaeii). «JI,M- 
CTBHTeJBHo, DpflGaBJiaJia «Universj>, MpaKi HeBtwecTea ^peJ^^oi^qTflTe- 
JneHi CBtty, KOTopHft OKaaajca fiu 3ap8B0M^ noacapa. Mh aejiajH-6H 
ynpa3;i;HefliH 6K);^aeTa Hapo;^Haro upocBfemeHia, ecjiu oat Ojji^QTb cjiy- 
SKHTB oiaroM'B ^o;^o6Ha^o npocBiiueaia*. 

TaRia OTKpoBeHHBia neqaTana saaBJieHia, BuctaBJiaBinia BparoBi> 
Hapo^Haro o6pa30BaHia b^l hxi hcthhhom'b CBtxt, b^ KGBn,"fe kohii;obi» 
0|:a3HBajiHCb tojibko nojeaauMH A'6jy, BsaioMy aa ce6a Jraroio..TbcHie 
CMUKajiHCb pa;^Li HCKpeHaHXTi .ctopobbbkobtj aapo^iHaro npocBtmenia 
n nocjii nocjiaBifl Me^cKa^o enHCKona, nocji't;iOBHBniaro aa opraBHsa- 
Hieft nepBoii rpyiinu JIarH b^ Mec^t, ^hcio ea ^iJieaoBij Baeaanao 
VBejrHqHJiocb aa neTwpecTa v^^^ob'^k^. To-»e caMoe npoirornjio a 
BCfl-feAii aa eaHCKOflCKBMH rpoMaMH bx ;^pyrHX'b MbcTHOCtax^ ^tpaanlH. 
Koaeiao, aejitaa cKa3aTb, ito6h apoTaBOAtficTBie Bcerj^a a uoBCK);^y 
6wj[o nojieaao AJiH pacrrpoctpaaeBia opraaasai^ia Jliira, ^o BaBtciaocTb 
a rpoMKaa raacaocTb, 6o^x coMffiRia, b% saa^aTeJibBott cieneaH 6hjih 
;^ocTaBJieBu BparaMH. Be3^ apoiaBOAtficTBia Kpyn. qieaoai, 6bIJI^-6H, 
MoacBT^ 6KiTb, o^mapHte. ao aejbsa oxpa^aTb roro, axo apaacAa a 
oraop-b CO cTopoabi ^poTBBHHKOB^ cdjiothjib aaaSojite aaepra^iBfiio a 
;iapoBH[Twe ojieMeBTU. 

Eme Be ycatjua yMOjKByTb tojkb o6^ oOcKypaarb-npo^eccopt, 
KBK'b BoaaaET* aoRufi Hai^aAean. ^yxoBeaciBO BepxaeMapacKaro ;ie- 
aapxaMeBTa ofipaxajo BBBMaaie, ^xo aa jiojijo axoro apaa BHoajLo 
aaaSojibmee KOJiaqecxBO noco6i8 oxt. napHaccsaro Kpyasaa. Tpoe y^a- 
Tejieii, npeiioj^aBaBiuBxx aa aypcax-b AJa B3pocaMX'b, aojiyqaia aa 
ycep;^aoe a xojiKOBoe oxaoiBcaie K'b ji^^Jij no 50-xa a ao 100 $paff- 
KOBTi. OjiHoiA yiHxejTbaaa'fe, r-at MroBbepo, KowaxexTb apacjiajii aaary 
B"b pocKoniaoMTj nepenjiext. CBepxx xoro oaa nojiyqaja oxx> KoMBxexa 
aecxaoe nacbMO, B^ KOxapoMx ee 6JIa^o;^apBJB aa ycniniaoe apeao- 
j^aBanie Ba HeBOKHX'b Kypcax^ ;^ia B3pocjiHxx, bt> xe^eaia aicKOJib- 
KHxx jvkvh. yqaxeiLbaana co^epaajia naacioax,. Ko abh) pa3;iaTO aa- 
rpa;!;!., ojihb^ mi BBAe-apeaaj^etexoBX* Jlara, a aaeaao, aaaiieaHXbia 
acxpoaoMi ^iiaiiMapioBT) npitxajix aai IIapB»a A-ia npacyxcxBOBaaia 
aa cKpoMBOMT* xopacecxB*. 

9x0X0 aecJiHxaHaaro ooCnxia Cujio ;^ocxaxoqao jim xoro, ^xo6h 
Mtcxawtt naxep-b oe^aBBJi^ Bo8ay ^lecxaoft xpyaeaan.'fe. Ha ;^py^oft-xe 
Aeab nocj'b aaacioacKaro anxa oaii apoaaaecx cat^^yron^yio nponoB*^ 
CBOBMX apaxosaHaMi: cMai apeAcxoajio apo;^oir»axb mob 6e&bjtji o 
cMepxaoM^ rptxi,- ao. a ;^0Jfaea^) roaopaxb ceroAaa o 6ojite Baaaoji^ 
irpe;iMexi. Xoxa a a ae bmIx) o6uKaoBeBifl yRaauBaxb aa Jia^aocxa, 
Bi oco6eBBocTfl-ae ci itepKOBaofi aaeeApH, ao oCcioarejiBCXBa apa- 

3» 



36 P7CCE0B BOrATCTBO. 

Hy»AaH)rB ueHfl rI) tomj bi HacToamyK) MHHyiy. Ci HiKOTopbix'B 
nopi) BaiTB, jQofiesHue npHxosEane, npHxo/^HTca cjnamaTL HaaiieHOBa- 
Bie, ROTopoe 6ujio, eme HOAaBHO, coBepmeHHO HeH3BicTHo MHorHM'B 
B3i> Baox. 9to HaHMOHOBaHie: Jlnra napoAHaro npocBlmeHifl. He Ay- 
iiaji'B fl, ^To B'b HaineMi» 6j[aroHecTHBOM'B ropoAt npHAeTCA Msi onjia- 
KflfiaTB 8j[oynoTpe6jieBi6, rposflii^ee oxsaTHTb bcd ^pani^iK)! ?TO-se 
Tasoe Bxa Jlnra? 3to co]D3'b JiDAefi, sejuaiomsxi ynaqTosHTB peJiH- 
riD. 3th jtdah seiraiOTB BocnnTaHia fiesii npaBBj'b, 663i> Bipu, a 
cjitAOBaTejiBHO, H 6e3i HpaBCTBeHHocTH, a Bi TaROM'L ciyqai ^^Tose 
CTaneTCfl cb poAOifL ?ejioBi?ecEnif^? 8th jidah, 8th Jiace-^HJiocoj)^ 

HH^TO HHOe EaKl ^^paHRX-MaCOHUf BO rjaB'fc ROTOpnX'B CTOHTL HtRifl 

SKaH'jb Maoe, asTopi* 6e36osHUX'B RHHr'B... 3Ta Jlnra upocBin^eHifl 
BOBHBRJia Bi* 1866 roAy. UMh ea — ocbo6oahtl seHH^HH^ orb BjriaHlfl 
AyxoBeHCTBa. ^iTefi ynaTi OTpHn;aTB fitirie Boaie, RaK^ 6yAT0 Hayna 
HecoBMicTHira ex Bipofi! Ecjih a, Hanpnirbpii, Btpyio Bt Bora, mo** 
Serb - HE dTO noMimaTB yni anaTL, ^to ABaasAu Asa - ^erupe? Obh 
nowTaioTB Hacb HeB-bRAaMH, bth y^eHue, pa3cy«AaH)mie o lIipax^, 

ROTOpBie Hin> EeH3BiCTHU, ROTOpUX'B OHH HO BHAaJHB*... 

nponoB^A^ 8aEJ[DqajiacB yrpodoft JHHinaTB npH^acTis A'i^Tefi, noct- 
m^ann^Hxx mRoiu, cocroan^ifl hoa'b nospoBnrejiBCTBOM'B Jlnrn bjih en 
ocHOBaHHiiiA. ynoHHHaiocB Bi HeS H cn^eApBix'B Aapaxi>>, pacTO- 
^aeMUXi JEflroK), h o tomi, ^to bo ^paHi^H— jwu^^iom^ lueermcarm 
fnucHHz MoccoHOOh^ ROTopHe Bci OTJiyqeHH orb iiepEBH. HponoBtA- 
BEKb yBipaJi'b TaRse, ?to jiikm ^apMoaonoez noAsepraioTCH oco6oMy 
P^X7 RpeBxeHifl, npH^eirb Hin> coToe^aTUBaiorb Ha Ttjrb TaBpo>, a 
sosyrb EXb eoA%amaMU hie eoAHUxoMU. 

Bt> cymnocTV, npaBeAeEHaa nponoB'fiAB He rxynie MHorEXT> Rjofe- 
pifRajiBHUxi naii^JieTOB'b, ho oaa, no cnpaBeAJiHBOMy sautqaBiD 6io- 
rpa(|^a Mace, Moserb cjtysHTB oOpasuoirb HeAoCpocoBtcTHocxH BparoBi 
JlHrH BapoAHaro oOpasoBaHia h Rpaflaefl pisROCTH Hxipi^efi. TaRi, 
Ha3BaTb aBTopoMi QesOosHHX'b RHHrb SCaaa Mace, HaQHcaBmaro 
^HcTOpiJK) Ryco^a xjiifia*, cJLiAyniRHHy apHeireTBRy* h t. n., 6hjio 
npaMOK) rnycHOR) RxeBeToio. 

BaTO nporpeccBBHaa neqaxB nooToaaHO coA'i^iicTBOBajra ycaixy 
JlHra. Ea opraau eseAveBHo HanoMHHajEtH o aelB h coo6iii;ajin csijil^ 
Hifl ea pasBHtia a 6opb6t, ROTopyn npaxoABJiocL efi BLiAepssHBaTB. 

CRopo HOBaa saAa^a npeACTaBiJiacb A^Teiani OSn^ecTBa. Bii 
MapTi 1870 r. at CrpacCyprt o6pa30Bajica ROMHTerb ci is^hjo bh- 
SBaxB ABBseaie b^l noibsy oOasaTeJiBHOCTH o6yqeaia. 

$paHi;y3CRoe npaBHTeibOTBO b% Ty-ae nopy BHpa6oTajio AOKperb 
6e3njiaTHOCTa aapoAaaro ofipaBOBaaia. lEioJib Cbuohx Tpe6oBaji^, 
qTo6u wb GesnjiaTHocTH npHCoeABHeaa 6ujia a o6a3aTeJibaocTb. He- 
o6xoAHMO 6uio noAAepaaTb bto TpefioBaaie rpaaAiosauirb saaBJie- 
aieai co CTopoHH oCmecTBeaaaro MatHia. CTpac6yprcRitt KOMBTerb 
JTara cxajni pasAaaaTb uexai^ioHaue jibctu. SEjoJih CHUOB'b a hhhbctp'b 
aapoAaaro npocatmeaia ^lopioa jifijus cboh noAaaca. jI^Baaeaie npa- 



SAHl IIACB. 37 

I 

BAJO BHymHTOJiBHue pasuipiii cb nepBHXX se js,nei. 20-ro anpl^Jifl 
(5ujo uojiyqeHO 100,000, noflnnoefi, a 15-ro iiojia tocio nxi. Boapocjio 
;^o 350,000- 

BoceHB;^ecflT'b xpH AOH^pTaMeHTa 0T03BajiHCb Ha npesuBi Komh- 

TCTa. FOTOBHJIHCB yXO npeACTaBHTB 8TH COJIHJQ^HHfl ii^H^pu 3aKOHo;^a- 

TeiBHOMy Kopnyoy, ho cofiHTia na'iaBmefica b^ iiOHi 70 -ro ^o;^a 
4)paHfio-iipyccEO& boAhbi otbiokih BHHuaHie $paHii[y3GEaro o6mecTBa 
bb APyryiD CTopony. CamiH J^taTeJIBHHa hs-b corpyAHKOB-B Mace — 
Boma OTKpKTJii noAQHCKy bi nojiBsy paHeH^xi, a Kor^a ^peai HtEOio- 
poe BpoMfl ^paHDtyscEifl BoficEa crajin xepn'bTB nopasenie 3a oopa^e- 
Kieiii, OHB oSpaTHicfl cb BOsaaaHieMB ei* BOJtOHTopaM'B js,m o5pa30- 
Baaifl JierioHa ;^o6poBOJ[Bi;eBB h, HaEOEei^i, bi asrycrt h caul) ho 
BUAep^Kan h nomeJi'B b^ BoioHTepu. 

V. 

nT5-xe ociaiocB otb Bcixi CTapanifi n ycHJrifl Jlarn bi nojiBsy 
HapoAHaro oQpasoBaHifl la APyrofi a^hb nocjt'b boShu? MHOsecTBo 
rpyaiiB Ann npeEpaTfljH cboio a'^^tojibhoctb. DlecTafl AOJifl odmecTBi, 

BOSHBKniBX'B Bl dJIB3aGt H JIOTapHHrill, OEOH^aTeJIBHO nOI^6jia. U.OHTp'B 

nponaraHAU Mace — cejienie Be6j[6Hrefiii'B nepecTajio npanaAJiesaTB 
$paHi(iH aocjLi npncoeAHHeHia Kb repHaHia npBpefiacEax'B npoBHE- 
lUfi. Boms BepayjiGa bi IlapaarB. IIphxoabjiocb Ba^aaaTB a^^o ch3- 
EOBa. napBscEid EOHHTerB bsbji'b aa ce6a saAaqy Eoai];eaTpHpoBaBia 
ABEseflia a B36paj[i JHOsyaroHi: o6H3ameAhHOCvm tuKOAhnato odyneHXH. 
MoHeHT:B fiujii Budpaai yAa^ao: ceojibeo pa3^ noBTopajiooB Vh rj 
iiopy HHiaie, ^to TepvaHia noStAajna fijiaroAapa inEOJiBHOMy yTOiejiE). 
CaMa HanojieoBOBCEaa aunepia bi> nocjiiAHie foabi caoero cyoiecTBo- 
Baaia aanaaajia, noBaAaMOMy, CTpaniHTBca aapoABOfi TeaaoTH, a ea 
jiaOepajiBBue MaaacrpH, aaEi asB'bcTao, npeAnpaaauajia Eoe saEia 
Mipu jifla 6opB6u ca> BapoAHUMi> aeBlxecTBOifB. BiA^ bi tomi, ?to 
npaaajiacB aa sto a'^ao cjiamEo'k'B nosAao, a ceAaacEi& norpoM'B ex 
Cesnon^aAHOH) ecboctbio noAxaepAajTB sto. 

Boma npeAflosajii cBoeay EoaaTexy npa6'lrayTB ei^ odnxapaoay 
nerai^ioaHOMy ABaaseaiE), cb a^tsBio BuaaaiB odniecTfieaHoe ABaseaie 
vb nojiB3y o6e3neqeaia a^a acbxi a aasAaro ofiasaxeJiBaooTa aaqaiB- 
aaro oGpasoBaaia a AoSaiBca cooiBiTCTByiDn^ax'B asataeaift bo $paa- 
iiy3csoM'B saEoaoAaxeiBCTBi. Ha nepBHXi nopaxi Bospaseaift 6wlo 
ae HaAO. IIo Bceft ^paai^ia ea^e ^yacTBOBaiocB apaBciaeaaoe yioue- 
aie, Easi aeaadisaoe cjitAOTBie BejuaEaxi 6i^ACTBifi. HanoMaaaia o 
nexaa.iax'B b^ Cxpac6yprt, sorAa xaui* Oujio coOpaao ao 350 xuca^x 
noAnnceft, ocxaBinaxca A^^sse ae npeAxaajieHEUHn. Ttai ae aeate, 
E0MHX6TI npacxynajDii eii A^y a Bupafioxajn npoeaxi nexfli(ia Vb 
0Exa6p'b 72 roAa. «Bojite qiai EorAa-JiaSo, xeaepB, noojrb Bxopse- 
aia npyccaEOBi a rpaasAaacEOt Bofian, Beo6xoAaMa 6opB6a opoxaBi^ 
aeetsecxBas, roBopajiocB, iiesAy npoHavB, b'b BossBaaia Konaxexa. 



38 PyCC^pE BOrATCTBO. 

IIeTnii,iii oaarjiaBjeHa 6HJD[a: ^'^ai^loHajibEoe .;^Ba3KeHie npoTHB^ HCBt- 
secTBB. IleTiriiia btb nojibsy 6e3(iJiaTHaro n oSflsaxejibHaro o6pa30Ba- 
Bifl>. 

EaacAHfi Aaioniifi cbod noAnncB o6fl3HBaj[Cfl no^KpinHTB ee b3bo- 
coM'B nnmu canmuMoez. Bshoch AOiacBU 6uja[ noKpHTb pacxo;{Li no 
neqaTaHiK), a ociaJibBHfl ABHbrn npeAHasHa^ajnncb na upoAoisenie 
AtJia JiHrE. FjiaBHOK) n^ijihV) MapHOfi arHxai^iH Oujto: o6paTHTb o6me- 
CTBeHHoe BHHvaHie aa KanHTajibHufi Bonpocb HapoAHaro BocaHTanifl 
H o6pa30BaHia, RaEii aa kjijdii> ki ptmeHiio Bcixi ' ocTasbHux^ bo- 
npocoB'b H ocHOBy BCBKaro npeycntaBia; npoCyAHTb roTOBHocTb kt» 
aepTBain. h nojieaHOJS At^TejubHocxH, crpynaHpoBaib Ji»Aeft jitJia, oa- 
HHM'b CJIOBOM^ noAroTOBHTb Ba Bctx^ EyHKiax^ *paH^iH i^eHipH, 
rpyanu, KOMHTeibi, flMiK)iiiie HafijuoAaxb sa HCUojiHeBioM'b saEOHa o6iy 
o6fl3aTeJIbHOM^ o6pa30BaBin, b o6jierqaTb ero BunojiHeHie. (Bi> to 
Bpeiffl caHO MBBHCxepcTBO HapoAflaro npocBtn^eBiH noAroTOBJifljio 
npoeKTb laKoro saKOBa). 

31-ro 0RTa6pH OTapaBJiesu Ojujib nepBLie tk)kh ci> neTBuiaMS no 
aApeoy paajiHiBuxi rpynn^, BxoABBraHX'b wb cociaBTj JInrH, h ony- 
fijiHKOBaBo HOBoe B033BaBie, KOTopHMi, co6cTBeBBo, fl BaiajBCb «ne- 
THi^ioHHafl KaHnaHifl>. Ea ycntxi> npeB3omejn> omRj^B^nia. IIpoBiiHAifl 
ropa^o OTiUHEByisacb sa iipHSbiB'b, a napoHCKaa ne^axb osasajia aaep- 
rnqecKoe coAtficTBie. Ouo BupasHDCb, ue«Ay npo^HMii, h bti npcA- 
AOTRenm poAaRuifi p6cny6j[HKaECEHXb raserbi kbeii ctojih^skxi., xaK^ 
B I'poBHBUiaibBHX'b — co6BpaTb noAUHCB neTBuioBepoB'b. JI,BH2KeBie 
iipKHajLO upn TaKoft noAAepsKt mapoRie pasMtpbi, AOCToKaue ^3itB- 
uieiica Bi BB^y CLsaropoAHofi a^jie. KjiepHKajbaaa se napiia se aa- 
Eo.uflJia BuuasaTb bck) cbobo BpaHCAe6B00Tb. Cama no ce6t oSasaxejib- 
Hoc.ib Ba^iajibBaro EapoAHaro oopasoBaaia ae Morjua en^e uoqaTaxbca 
'<i'iiacaiiMx» EOBOBBeAeaieM'B, ao aio 6brjio nepBbiui niaroM^b no nyxa 
AaJibBtiimnxi) np606pa30Baaift bi bxom'b A'i^jit. KiepaEajiBi onoji^n- 
jiiicb H npoTEBo «6e3njiaTaocTa», a npoxBB^ '€06a3aTejibB0CTa».Enie 
jipocxate cxajia aanaAEa, Eor^a, cb jierKoii p;eb Biiiaieibaofi raaexbi 
«SiecIe>, saroBopajsa n co EesaBECEMOcxa mEOJi'b otx EaxojiEqeGEofi 
iiepKBE». Bd xpfl xpedoBaaia 6ujie opraaaqecEE CBa3aau[ idesAy 
c:;6oK), BO JIara orpaBHiHJiacb, Ba nepBMfi cjiyqafl, xpeSuBaHieMTj cofia- 
saieiibaocTai o6pa30BaBia^ xas'b EaRi> aa axofi no^si Jierqe 6lijio ao- 
CTBrnyib Bceofimaro corjraraeaia. Ecjib oxeAT> o6a3aH'b Aocxaajnaxb 
npooBxaflie cBoeay peOeaay, xo se Meate oSaaaxeJibao A^a aero ^a- 
aaib eny a Ay^OBEyio naniy. 

K.iopHEaJibBaa napxia EeMOAJieaao npaaajiacb oxcxaHBaxb npaao 
OT^oB^ ceMOHCTB'b ocxaBJiaTb A'bxefi ai cnacaxejibaoM'b aeatsecxBi. 
3x0 Ba3LiBaj[0Cb ccBo6oAoa». ^xo Eacaexca <6e3njiaxaocTa»,xo EJie- 
pBEajiBi aaxoAEJuu, qxo cymecxBynn^efi iiaxepiajibaoi nouoaia Beaify- 
rnanx Bnojat Aocxaxowo. Oaa cocxaBBM RoaxpT> nexaAi©, bt> eoto- 
pou yaa3biBaj[H aa Eeo6xoAauocTb peiariosaaro, €CBo6oAaaro» a 6e3- 
njiaxaaro js,m 6iji,EhLii> oSpaaoaaaia. Bet AOSBoieaaua a aeAOSBOJiea- 



SAHT> MACE. 39 

• 

muB cpeACTBa irymeHu Cuhe wb xoai* ji^a coOHpaHia noAUHceS. Qtj 
neT^UiK) nposBajiH bo $paHii,iH eaHCKoncRofi. PeAaKTHpoBEHa OHa 6BiJia 
BeoBHa JioBso, a ^to6h HsSisatB kphthrh pecay6j[HKaHCKofi neqaxH, 
enBGKoncKyH) neTHi^iK) ho ne^arajBiH wb rasoTaxi. O^HaRO, peAaKii;i8 
<Si^cle> ycniia npio6picTfi[ aRseuiiJiflp'B z He saMeAiHJiia j^aiL o 

ILGWb RpHTHqeCRift OTSUB^. B'B HeifB oC-BflCBflJIOCB, ^0 HHRTO HO 00- 

BapHBaoTB y otiiobi» ceHeflcTBi npasa Aa-BaTB obobmi a'^^tah'b TaRoe 
o6pa80BaHie, RaRoe hui> 8a6jiiaropa3cyAHTCfl; OTpHH^aeTca tojibro npaso 
He AaJsaTB HHKaRoro o6pa30BaHifl. 

TiMX BpeHeHeMX, Siiojih Cbmoe'b, BaHBHaBmifi TorAa Boor's mh- 
HBCTpa HapoAHaro npocBin^oHifl, BHeoi npooRTB saROHa 061 o6fi3.i- 
TOiiBBOCTH Ha^ajuBHaro o6pa80fiaHifl, j^na pascMOTpiHifl ROToparo 6uia 
HasHa^eHa oco6aa romhcoui. Hsi 12-th HJieuoBb ea tojibro jiBoe 6bueh 
pecnyCjTHRaHi^aMH: Rapno (fiuBmifi mhhhctp'l 48-ro ro^a) HPHRapi. 
IIpeAciAaTejieHii Budpanii Oujei. mohchhbopx ^lonaHJiy. TaRofi Bu6op^ 
CHJit KaK-B HejiiB3a Cojiie y^oeeHt ajh RJepHRajroBi*. Ho ^tM^ 6ojiie 
conpoTHBJiieHia BCTpt^ajia pe(j[>opiia, rbwb peBHocTBie Ao6HBasHCB es 
pecny6jiHRaHUiii h bo rjiaB'b HX^^JIH^a HapoAHaro o6pa30BaHia. 

He upoxoAHAo AHfl, ^To6ii JincTBi cb noAnncauH He 6&[Baj[H roh- 

^RCROBaBH CeJIBCRHHH CBameHHBRaMH, BOJieBUHH CTOpOSCaUH H T. H. 

AAMHRHCTpaB;ia h cyAe6Hoe b'^aohctbo noAAepsHBajrn Ay^OBenoTBO. 
nepexBaTHBaa noAnHCHue jihcth, rpo3HjH npecjitAOBaflieHi h jrai^aMi, 
AaBaBfflBMi CBOH noAnHCB. Sa^cb — npoRypop^ OTAaBaJi-B npHRaai 3a- 
AepzaBiH noTHi^iE, TaicB — acaaAapuH pacxasHBajun no AepeBRHMi, ho 
nosBOjraa aoAHHCuBaxB h conpoBosA^fl sanpenieHie yrposassH, ne cmo- 
Tpa Ha TO, qxo A'kJiQ nuio noAAep^^His saROHonpoeRxa, BBipa6oTaH- 
Haro MHRHCTopcTBOifB HapoAHaro npocBin^eHifl. HlROJibHiiie yHHiejia, 
HOAosptBaeHue bi coqyBCTBiH ri noTHi^iOEHOMy ABHseaiH), noAsepra- 
JLHCB BCHRaro poAa npHABpRaMx co CTopoHH RaTOJinqecRaro aY^oboh- 

CTBa. 

CoRpexapB napnacRaro oxA'fcJia JlarH noJiy^HJiii oxt oahofo yqn- 
nejLB cji'bAyH>nie6 bhcbuo: <M. T. H npocHi'B sacB npacJiaTB hh^ jih- 
CTU ireTHiiiH B'B nojLB3y o6a3aTeJibHaro h CesniaTHaro o6pa30BaHifl. 
Ohh DOJiyqeHUMHOH), ho a ne mofb aycTHTB hx-b bti ofipamenie, noTOMv 
TTO mohh pa3AaBHJio-6u AyxoBencxBo, a a jiflnxewb rophhtb cbohm'>> 
ipyAOMi seny h A'^^efi. il 6bi tfon* co6paTB ao 300 noAUHceS: 66iiB- 
maa ^aciB t6xi>, rto hbii CTpaxa tsjie no h6o6xoahmogth noAnncaiH 
euHCRoncRyD neTH^iH), nocn'feniHJin'Su aarjiaAHTB cbo& nocTynoRi, noA- 
nHcaBi Hamy. H RaRx noAyMaemB, qxo fi^iBmaa ^acTB ^paHi^yscRHxi* 
mROjn>HB[X'B yqerxejieft naxoAaTca bi oAnaaROBOH'B co mhoh) nojiose- 
Bia! EcjH 6'hAHocTB, Hnn^exa h saBHCHMOOiB saoxaBJiaiox'b coBepmaxb 
MHoro HHSocxefi, xo oHi, cBepx'B Toro, en^e h saAepsHBaiDTB npoaBie- 
Hie MHOraxii fijtaropoAHBix'B qyBCXB'B^. 

He CHoxpa aa MHoria a pasHOofipasaua npenaxcTBia, ABHseaie 
pooio. Kt> 25-My Haa coGpaHO 6ujio 847,761 noAHHceK, h npaiosHBi 
paH'be co6paHHua fb Cxpac6yprt, nojtyqaM'B: 1.197,761. B'B xeqeaiii 



40 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

ceHK cb nojEOBHHOK) ktcjii^eBi co6paHO 6uJio 847,761 noAQHcefi, h0to 
BonpeRE saAepasEaMi h npoHCRairb iipotbbhheob'&. 

KjicpHKajTEi, o;^HaROy npHHflJiH CBOH Hipu. KorAa JlaRpereJib npo- 
CHjri co6paHie HasHa^HTB jsfiEh ajui oficysA^Hia xoRJiaj^a o neTHii;iflX'B^ 
OolbniHHCTBo, upeABOABHoe ReJuepoHx, OTRasajiocB otb HasHa^eHifl 
cpoRa. neTHi^iH npenpoBoasAeHu 6ujm bi ROtfHOcis), bi» KOTopoft npe^- 
ctAarejuBCTBOBajTB mohcbhbopti ^lonafljiy. Hhumh cjiOBaMH — nerHi^iif 
OiijrH noJioaceHU noji'b cjrho. Mes^y i^ui> noAOHCKBaBie npo^ojisa- 

JIOOB, H ROr^a Bl> H0fl6pi COC^HTaHM 6UJIE nOAnHCH, TO BHi^CTt (TB 

CTpao6yprcRntfH hxti oRasaiocB 1.267,267. 

Hn OAHa nersi^iH bo ^pasAin He HHijia noAo6Haro ycaixa. 

Hd'b 847.761 BB nojiBsy o6fl3aTejiBHOcTH 6ea'b CesiuaTHocTH no- 
AaHO 6£iji[0 116.105 noAUBcefi, sa ofiasaTejiBROCTB h fiesnjiaTHOOTB — 
383.391^ a ffh no2B3y o6)93aTej[BHocTE, 6e3iU[aTH0CTE h HebaeECHMOCTH 
OTB i^epRBH — 348.265. 

PeaRi^ioHHOe coSpanie He nosejiaj[[o cjiymaTB AOKJiaAi, e tk)rh (tb 

EOAEECHUHE JIflCTaMH OCTaJKECB B'B RBCCTypt. Ho OHH C^tsaJIE, TbWb 

He Mesie, cBoe a^jlo^ BosSyAEBB e noAroTOBEBB o6ii^eoTBeHHoe mh^- 

Hie, AaBl HpaBCTBeHEHtt T0£<I0RI. 

IleTEi^ioEHoe ABHHceHie se noMtmaio napESCRoify ROHETeiy JIefe 
opoAOJiacaTB a'^o, yKasasHoe ea ocHOsaTeJieirB. CpeACTBa BoapociE, at 
E3B oT^eTOBB BE]^iwb, ino CB 1 Mas 70 FOAa HO 31 A^Rafipfl 1872 r. 
cyMna npEXOAa, ne cMOTpa na nefijiaronpiHTHiiH o6cTOflT6JiBGTBa th- 
sejiaro BpeMeHE, noBHCEJuacB ao 56.086 ^paHROBB. Hsb ehxii 27 
cjiEEiKOU^ TUCEi'B flpeAEasHa^esu 6hj[E Ha noEynEy RSEn aj^a ^h- 
TaJteHB. Ha noco6ie mEOJiaM'B e npenoAaBaTejiaiiB EspacxoAOBaHa 

6hJ[0 11.513 $p. B'B BTOTB C^eTB HO BXOAHJE CyMMH, nOJiy^ieBBHE 

nps co6EpaHiE noAEEcefl. ?to Racaerca npoBESi^iajiBEBixi rpynni> 
JIhih, TO ob4 B03CTaB0BjiLajiBCB RpafiEe Tyro b MeAienHO. Upetohoio 
TOMy fiBTjra peaRiiia, HacTynEBmaa nociib Bofinn. AAVESECTpanlia bo- 
Bce se 6NJira pacEOJioseEa a&bbtb pasptmeHia na oTRpuiie hobux'b 
o6niecTfii e cabb TepuiJia cymecTByDn^ia. IIeTBii;ioEfloe ABEaseHie 
6hjio bb Bucmefii CTenens noxesEO JlErb: paaiiacsaa fb ocH3aTejLb- 
Hoft ^opirl 3Ha^eHie e nojie3HOGTB ea A'^&reiBHOGTE, oho yRasBtBaio 
TaRae e na hooSioahmoctb rpynnnpoBKE JsioAefi, ropa^o oTBoca^^EXca: 
B'B jifbjij EapoAHaro npocB^ni^eHia. Orojlo Toro-xe BpeveHE ESB^CTHHlt 
napEKCRift $a6pERaBTB MesBe noxepTBOBai'B 8.600 $paHROB^ ci 
T^Hir, ^to6h BTa cyHva pacnpeAtiajiacB nesAy EBMCosie ycepAHBEUE 

y^HTeMME HesaBHCEMUX'B lEROJTB. 

Yonix'B ^eTE^iE naBeii napEscRifi rometotb na mhojib co6paTB 

qpeSl nOCpeACTBO AOI^StpTaHeHTOREX'B COBtTOB'B E MyHEI^HnaJSETeTOBS 
AaHHHa MHtHiaXli, ROTOpUXl npHAOpSHBaDTea SBETeJIE AftHHOft MiCT* 
HOCTH OTHOCHTeiBHO otfaSaTOJIBHOOTE^ fieBEJaTHOOTH H HeSaBECEMOOTa 



SAH^ KACE. 41 

Vb jsjhsi HapoAHaro oSpasoBaHifl. IIpHTOirB, o6pamaflOB vb BJiacxflirb, 
MOSHO 6ujio H36'6xaTB uHomi neyj^oCcTBi, eotopumh conpoaoacAa- 
jiocB noAnHcuBaHie neTHii;iH. Bi nHCLMax'B, oSpan^eHHSx'L ex Aonap- 
TaMeHTflBiui coBiTaM:b h MyHHi^HaaiHTeTairB, jKasHBajrooB na h6o6xo- 
AHHOCTb npeo6pa30BaHifl h jjiyqmeHui mROJiii j^m BOsposA^Hifl $paHi]iH 
noGJit HeoqacTHOtt boBhu h bo H35isaHi6 HOBiixt 6lACTBifi. 8tot£ 
npHSUBi He ooTBJica fiespesyjtBTaTHBLMi. 

Boma, KOTopoMj npHHaA^eaBaiaEHHi^aTnBa, cofipaji'B HHTepecHifimie 
AOsyHeHTU, noAnHcaHHue 6oJiie vkwb 35.000 nepoBi, hxi noHon^- 

HHEOb'B, AOHapTaMeHTCEHX'B n OEpyaCEUX'B COBiTHHEOBl, flBJIflBniHXCa 

T. 0. npeACTasHTeMHE 14 hjih 15 MEjudoHOBii SHTOJieft. Bi Te^eHiH 
HtcEOJTBKHX'b HeA^JiB, coEpeTapK) ^acTHaro o6ii^ecTBa yAaiocB co6paTB 
eskji.'bEui 6oite nojraHE h o6cTOflTejiBH£iE, ^hi tI, EOTopiia AOciaB- 
jiEioTCfl o$$ni^iajiBHurifE, jifixe. napiaMeHTCSEiiE ojiiACTBiEMH e cToarB 
6oj[BiDEX'B saTparB, ocTaBaacB qacTO Heo6pa6oTaHHUMH h CeanjioA- 
HuuE. 8to 6ujia rpasAiosHafl enqufite, KOTopyK) npeAnojiaraJ[OCB pao- 
npocrpaflETB sa Bcn ^paHi^ix). Ho TytB HarpEHyio 24-oe vafl. UocjA 
HHSJioseflifl Tfiepa npaBETOJiBOTBeEHaE BiacTB nepenuia bi» pyEE sjie- 
pEsaiBHofl H HOHapxflqecEott peaEi];ifl, qio npoABin^ajio jifi& JEefe 
HecoMHiEflyK) apy npeojiiAOBaEift s npEXEposi. CjcfcACTBie, Ea^aioe 
ne EEEi^iaTBBi oorpyAEBsa Mace, npeRpaTEJiocB^ ho bosheeio hoboo 
noiesHoe jtjbJLo: eoisobue 6E6jiioTesE. Bii 72 roxy nontn^eHa 6Hjia 
Bi> OAHofl BoesEOfi ra36Ti: «Balletiii de la rSunion des officierst sa- 
ir&Tsa, yEasuBaBEiaE sa Heo6xoAEMocTB ooEOBasiE bi Eaaapiiax'B ^e- 
TaieEi. Ha 8totb pasi ofipaxEJiECB yse He ei MEEEcrpy HapoAsaro 
npooBiii^eHiE, a ei BoeHEOMy MHBEcrpy. XoAaxaficTBo yBiEqaJsocB 
ycntxoMB, El soTopoHB coMEiBaJiCE caHB HeyTouHMHft Bom9. B'B 
OAHO npespacEoe yxpo coMEiEia 6hjie paaciflHu inTa6B-o$Ei^6poMi^ 
EBEBniEMCfl npooETB ooA^^ficTBifl napESGKaro EOHETeTa Vb A^Jit ycrpofi- 
OTBa BoeHsofi 6fl6j[ioTeEH. Foa'b cnycra EMiiocB yse 70 ^EiaieEB. 
nocunajiEOB nozepTBOBaEia EHEraHE, fipomiopaME, reorpa^flqecEEME 
sapiaHE, a teeso e AOHesHBiE. FeEepan CHcca HasHaqEJH 6e6juo- 
Te^Eys) EOMEccix) ESB o6pa30BaHHUxi> o^Ei^epoBi^ soTopue npEnuH 
El noiEOMy corjramefliK) cb ceEpeTapeifx JIefe. BoeEEoe KHEBCTep- 
CTBo pasocjrajio sopnycHiiirB EoiiaEAEpaM'B i^npsyjupB, ESBin^aBHiitt, 
HTo Jlara HapoAsaro o6pa30BaEifl npeAxaraerB AOHBrE h eeeph js^jui 
ycrpofiCTBa BoeEHSXi GHEJiioTeEi. Hojirgbehsh cocraBAEiH ceecsh 
EEETB, npHSEaEEuxii nojiesHiiMH, JIefe nosynajia h pascmiaia 8tb 

EHEni. 

Bi coGTEBi nepBUXB BoeHflux'B 6H6iioTesi boeijie $pasT];y80Eie 
siaccEEfl, jiyqmifl HcropEqecEiA coqEsesiE, reorpaj^ifl h pouaEBi 
SUfOMR BepHE. Cnpoci Ha seefe vb BoeEEOirb Mipi Chjtb teei bojiesi^ 
qro JlEra Ee ycoiBajia yAOBierBopaTB eify h orspuxa noAEECsy na 
AenesEUfl nosepTBOBasifl. 

BciiA*^ saTtifB crajiE boseeeetb no noHEEy TOfi-se JIete e 6h- 
CiioTeEE wb rocEETaiEXii, rA'b y cojiAarB 6uio MEoro Aooyra bb ne- 



42 PyCCEOE BOFATCTBO. 

piOAKE BUS^OpOBJieHia. IIpH B06HHUX% SlI&SiOTeRaXl CTaJIH SaBOABTBH 
EJiaCCHUfl ROMHaTU. Bl OfiniBpHBIX'B, XOpOmO npOTOQJieHHUX'B H OCB']^- 

meHHXiixi) sajiaxi) okojio oothe coji^2m>. hofjih y^BTBCA h ^HTaTB ao 
10 ^acoBi Be»iepa. 

HoHlmeflie He nycroBajio, cojiAaTM oi];i^HHjcH hobob j^peasAeHie. 
IlBJiHCTBo H CyBcTBo jMeHBinHJiHCB H BoeHHOMj HaqaiBCTBj ocTaBajio:;b 
TOJBKO GiaroAapHTB HBHi^iaTopoBt Aofiparo A^Jia. Maao xoro: coiiAaTLi 
Esii dpoTOHi^eB'b H BasAefiueB'B, He SHaBuiie $paHi^3CEaro fl3LiEa h 
roBopHBmie ncRjuo^BTeJiBEO Ha utcTEOWb Hapi^ia, Buy^HJUCB no 
^paHi^yscKE... 

YII. 

Bii TO BpeHH, KOFAa KoaiHi^ifl MOEapxE^ecEEXi> napiiE Bi sepcajiB* 
CEOM'B cQ6paHiE AOOTaBEJia BJiacT& Mapmajiy MaK'B MaroHy e TOpace- 
CTBo RjepiEaJiaMii, noj[oa;eHie JlarE napoAHaro o6pa30BaHifl c^JiajiocB 
HecpaBaeHHO 6ojD[te daxpyAHETejrLaBiM'Li ^twh to 6wlo J5,axe bo Bpe- 
Meaa Biopofi Eunepin, RorAa Bce-ase cyin;ecTBOBaj['B oTnopi> KJiepEKa- 
jTHSMy m> caMMXi> npaBHrejiLCTBeHHHX'b c(j[)epaxi. 

niSOJIbEIJU'L yqETOJIEH'B B^ UpOBEEI^iE danpeD^OEO 6UJ[0 ^TO 6U TO EH 

6ujL0 npEEBiiaTB 0Tb JIefe EapOAHaro o6pa30BaHifl. SanpemeEie 3Ba- 
HEJiocb B'B TaHHOHi i^HpKyjDfEpt MEEECxpa EapoAEapo npocBtmeHlH 
BaifiE, pasocjiaEBOM'L npe^eKiaMt. YqExeJiE BosapaniajiE JTarfe h 
AeHBFH E KHErE. ]ifl7Bi]ifiyLi> nocHaaj[ECB\ Bi> en napESCRiS ROMETeTii 
EECBMa ceJbCEHXi y^BTejreS, npocEBOiEX'b BuqepRnyTB hxt» EMena 

E3^ CQECRa ^J[eSOBl>. 

ro6jiD, fiKiBmift BT, TO BpeME AenyTaTOMii, CA'fejaji'B no aTOMy no- 

BOAy 3anpOCT> MEHHCTpy BByTpeHHEXl AiJIt. EMy 6hJ0 OTBt^eHO, ^to 

BX HapoAHHxt 6E6jiioTeEax'B BCTpinaioTca RHHrE nojiHTE^ecKia h npo- 
TEBHUfl HpaBCTBeHHOGTE. OnacHHME npn3HaBaji[ECL, MesAy npo^HM^, 
BCTopHqecRia coqEHeniE, bi ROTopHXi roBopBJiocb, ^to ao ^'^89 r. 
HapoAt (j[)paHi^y3CKift njiaTEJi'L AecaTBEHHH HajiorL, bccb dapn^HHy e 
He nojiB30Bajicfl jiehhok) cbo6oaok). yRa3UBaj![0CB na RHnry <La statue 
de jean Jacques Rousseau >,KaK'B Ha onacnyio AJia ofiniecTeeHHaro no- 
pflAtca, a Ha caHoro ^HJEOco^a — KaKi Ha ^ejioB'l^Ra 6e8spaBCTBeHHaro. 
^oaaHo nojaraiB, . ^to aHSHeonHoaHie JlyAOBBEOBT, XIV h XV se 
.npeACiaBjiajio ouacHOCTE msl HpaBCTBeHHOCTE, no MHiBiH) TorAanisaro 
$paBi^y3CKaro npasBTeJiBCTBa. 

JlEry o6BEEEJifl E Bi aTOEdii'b. ro6jid, Bospasafl Ha o6BEHefiiE, 
3aMtTEji^, ^TO Pycco HHKorAa He 6ujn> 6e36o»HEEOMi, b BctMi o6pa- 

30BaHH£LM'B JUOAEM'B BSBiCTOE'L OFO AOHSHl. 

^opuajiBHaro sanpen^eHifl JiHrE, OAsaRO, se nooi'l^AOBaJio, bo no- 
cTaBJieHJU 6hjie ycaOBifl: AOJiseBi 6ujl% npeAcxaBJUiTBCE ot^otb BJiacrflirb 
o6t> ynoTpeCjeHiE cpeACTB'B 06ni,ecTBa, KaxaiiorH — na npocMOTp-B aa- 
qaiLCTBa, E AJta EasAoS uyGjiE^BOfi JieEn,iE oCasuBajiECB EcnpainEBaTb 
pasptmeHiH. Ct» caoefi cTopoBH enECEoni. AHacepcRifii H3Aajrb nacTop- 



SAH'L MACE. 43 

cEoe nocjiaHiey b% EOTOpoir& saapentaiocB BipyiomHH'B npHHHMaTB 
y^acrie bi> Jlnrb, a Bcsopt noflBHjacB h nanoRaA BHi^BKiiHEa, rpo- 
MHBmafl HeqecTHByD JiHry. ynopcxByromaxx ^jeHOB-B ea naaa paapt- 
inaii. OTjiyTOTB orb ii.epKBH. PacKaaBmaMca oTnycKaiH rptxn. Ouy- 
qaTB OTB iiepsBH, nmaTB npn^acTifl jiEK)Aefi, iiocBajn,&ioia,inx'b oe6fl 
Atjy HapoAHaro odpadOBaHia, Bce 8to h6 mofjio He BusBaTB jsu6sr y 
6jiaropa3yMHB[X'B Jno^eS. Ile^aTB odpan^aiia BHBifaBie o6mecTBa na 
EJiepHsajirBHue rponu e noApoCno pasOflpajia sypBosu uacTHpcREXi> 
noojraHli, mx> He Morjuo ne yoHnsaTB co^yBCTBia K'b npecjti^AyeMOMy 
ofimecTBy. Bx ironi 1876 r. Jlnra HacqHTBiBaia see Tara 210 rpynn-B 
B3ia OTA'&JioB'B, HutBinnxi Bi CBoeiTB pacnopflseHia noJiHHJiAioHa EHHrB. 
HjieHOBi» fiu-Dfo — 30,000, Hapo^HHXX TiHxajreH'B — 400, hojjkobhx'b 6h- 
(JjiiOTeKi— 175. 

VIII. 

HaEonen.'B, pecnyfijiHKa cAtJiajiacB saEOHHHH'B h ooinoapusHaHHuif'B 
npaBETejiBCXB'jM'B. Ona npoBOsrjramajiaoB EOHcrnTyuiefi h bt^ najiarl 
^JienyiaTOB^ ButjocB sna^HTejiBHoe pecnyCjiQKaHCEoe 6ojiBmHHGTBO. Jlnra 
Morjia HHA^flTBCfl Ha npo^HOO cyn^ecTBOBaflie e HsdaBJieHie otb upe- 
CJi'LAOBaHifl. ^McTBHTeJiBHO ABBacenie B'b nojLBsy HapoAEaro o6pa30BaHifl 
pacii;B&io CB HOBOK) CHAoio E 6EdiioTeEE craiE oTEpuBaTLca OAna sa 
Apyrofl. Qeojio btofo BpeMesE Mace npoESsecB na o6n:(6MT> co6paHiE 
napHacEofi rpynnH npeKpacHyio pi^B, b-b EOiopoft, roBopa o 3Ha- 
^eHifl Jlflrn, cEaaajnTi, hto oto o6mecTBO He BMterB ^4J[Bro pacnpo- 
cTpaHesie EaK0ro-j[E6o oco6aro yqenifl, oho oSpamaeicfl jeuib ei 
^ejoBiqecEofi cob4ctb h pasyny, aejiaerB bhochtb cfftrb e fiopoiBoa 
CB MpaECJi'B HOBisecTBa. Hto EacaeTCfl peJiEriE, to HCEpeHHo Bl>pyH)- 
niie He Moryi'B ne coqyBCiBOBaTB JiBrt: ra Btpa, Koiopyro npouoBi- 
AyerB EBaurejuie, ne Hoxe'nb 6htb BpaacA^^na ea i^'biaMB. BparaME 
ea MoryTB6BiTB TOiBEOHSBpaTETejiEpejiEriB, nojiBayiomieca ew ajih ko- 

PWCTHHX'B fl UOCTOpOHBHXTi I^iJiefl. 

MHBEoxpoM'B HapoAHaro npocBimenla 6ujn> bb to Bpeua Ba^- 

AHHrrOHl, H3B4CTHBlft yMtpeHHOCTBU CBOEXl BBrJEHAOB^. OEXflpeAOCTa- 

BHJiB JlBvi upaBO cHa6aaTB EHaraME h y^efiHUMH noco6jaME Bci 
mEOJUi, EOTopBia BB TOMi> HysAHJUHCB. Bi 1876 r. Jlara EHi^a bosmojk- 
HOCTB B03o6flOBETB H CBOK) euquete, npepBaEsyE) coSbitibmii 24 -ro iraa. 
Ho sartHx^ Eani fl3BicTH0, peaEi^ia CA'^aJna enie o^ny HonuTEy BepnyTB 
ce6t BJiacTB. dra nonECTEa 6ujia Bonpocoii'B seshh h cnepTE ]5,jlsl pec- 
nyCjiEEE E pasp'i^mfliacB 16-ro Maa. Bca pecny6jD[EEaHCEaa napTia 
cnjTOTEJiacB E jifijLQ, Apy^KBuM OTEopi EpaBETejiBGTBeHHOHy BaroBopy. 
JlHra ocTaJiacB b-b cToponi otb nojiHTBqecEaro ABHaeaia. Ee nonpo- 
CoBajiE npecjsiAOBaTB, ho oGuceh bT) napaa*]^ tojibko noATBepAEJiE, 

^TO A^HCTBBTeiBHO OHa SaHEMaJLaCB ECEJliO^ETeJlBHO HapOAHBUfB 06p8- 

aoBaflieMx. B-b npoBHHii,iE yAoCEte 6hjio pasrpoMBTB oTAtaeEia Jlarn, 

HO 3A'tCB BCTptTEJIOCB Ha BTOTB paBI* npOTHBOAtBCTBie CO CTOpOHU 



44 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

caiforo HaceJieHifl: napoA'B otoajtb sa peciiy6iHRy h jifijrb oinopi peas- 
i^iOHHOMy saroBopy. ^taTeJObHOCTB Jlara czHmKoiTL xopoino fiujua hs- 
B'bcTHa HacejieHiiD, TaEi> qio HHOSHyaiuH i^ yrpo3u He BoauirbJiH 
HBKaRoro A'^ficTBifl. Koe rjx/k saKpujiH 6H6jiioTeRH, noAi* npe^JKoroHi, 
^To OEi cjnyasaTL c6opHUirB nyHKToui aj^a HafinpaTejiefi, Mes^y TivLT> 
KaR'b Bi EJ[epnEaju>HHX'B 6H6juoTeRax'B BoSopniHRaM'B He MtniaiH co- 

6HpaTBGfl. 

Bu6opu 14-ro 0RTfl6pfl h noojii^AOBaBinee aa hemh y^aieHie MaR^- 
MaroHa BepByjiH $paHi^is onoRoScTBi& BuicTb Ch hhmi» npeRpaTHJincB 
H npecxtAOBaHifl^ HanpaBJseHHUfl npoTHB^ JlHrE. B-i^ sHBapt 77 ro^a 
cosBaHO 6wL0 o6n^ee co6paHie, Ha KOTopoicb Mace npe^^TaBBJi^ oT^erB 
en A'^TSJiBHOOTH n cRasaA'B p'bqb, bi> Roropoft, yaoMAHyRb o npe- 
GAixoBaHiflX'B, en^e pa3i> noAiBepAHn, nxo cJEsra ne saaHMaeror 
noJLHTHKOt, HO Jifojiji 16-ro Mafl He Morjis npoorflXB eft npocBiTHTejcB- 
Haro Bxiania Ha HapoAHHH Maccsi, t. e. na 6oj[BinHHCTBo H86QpaTejieft« 
KOTopuxi OHa BoenETHBaia h jiM^^l caoco6H£iHE pasyKHO h cosaa- 
TeiLHO nojiBBOBaTBCfl cBOEHi npaBOMi BceoSn^eS noAa^iH rojiocoe-bi. 

TenepB, nocAt Toro, Ras'L mhhectpi» napoAHaro npocBtmeHifl BaA- 
AaHrroHiy o^^Hi^iaiBHO npflSHajLi HpEHi^Hn'B 06fl3aTeJ!BH0CTH Ha^ajib- 
Haro ofipasoBanifl, a ero npeeHHER'B BapAy noTpeSoBajoi'B h 6e3aj[aT- 
HOCTH, HOSHO 6hjio HaAi^TBCfl H A4H JIefh AaJBHi^uiHX'L ycatxeBi* H 
6e8npeiMTCTBeHHaro pasBHTia. Mace sanajica hobumx a*Jiobii> — ^ycipofi- 

CTBOUI* OeJIBCRHX'B EHESHUXl JUaBORl, HaXOAH, ^TO CeJLBCEitt SEieJIB^ 
BUy^EBHIHCB ^HTaTB, JlfiJLKQWb BfiiyqETBCH H HORynaTB EHflSRy. 

IX. 

Pe^opMa mROJUBHofi CEcieMu npHfijinzaiacB ei CBoeMy ocyi]:(ecTBJ[e- 
HiH). Bx Te^eHiB mecTH jAvb ' cBoefi neycunHOfi h neyRioBHofi a^- 
TejiLHOCTH, Jlnra noAroTOBHJia no^By, pacrqHCTHJia js^iBi npeo6pa30BaHifl 
$paHi^y3CRofi mxjOJLhi h yoTanoBJieHifl ea na paii;ioHajiiLHUxx Ha^ajiaxi. 
CRopo naxaTa AenyTaioBib npHueTii hoa'b cBoe noKpoBHTeibCTSo Bein- 
Rys) pe^opMy. Mea^y rkwb ^HHaHcOBaa cropona JlHrH, nocTOHHHO 
yxy^maaoB, AOCxHrjia ao 174,852 ^paHEOBi eaceroAHaro GDAseia.. 
lara oTRpiua noAnacRy cb ufkJOM AocxaBJieHifl y^efiHuxx nooo6ifl 
CeJBBORHiTB HiRoaaHi. 

IIpeGJLOByTBiS: aBTopi neji'&iiaro nacBHa, HaAi^iasmaro ctoibro 
myMa bi cBoe apeHa, npenOAaBaTeiB HCTopiH Hbroih, cHOBa o6pa- 
THflca c% nocjraHieu'B TaRoro-se coAepsania ri ceRperapiD JEhfe, Boms, 
HO Ha dTOTi pasi hm'Iji'b cRpoMHocTB HO noAHEcaTB ero. noBHAflHOMy 

BTOTB BOpqJIHBUfi rOCHOAEE'L CTOaJI-B BO TJLdLBi pOaRI^lOHHOfi IiapTiH BB 
OAHOITB HSB npOBHHU.iajIBHUX'B FOpOAOBl. Bli HOBOVB HHCBHt TOBOpE- 

locB <rHycHux'L>, «rpa3HUxi» BMeHaxx: raHderru, Ajuesa Tapaca, 
Cax)jiiaepa, niajuBMejuB JIaRypa h Inpapa. 

<?T0 RaoaeTCfl aacB, m. r., a Baci ne snaK), ho, npeAuojuosHBB, 

TTO BH qeCTHHfi ^eJOB'^RX, HpOHHRHyTUt ly^tHEME HaHi;v.)HiaHH, S: 



2RAH^ MACE. 45 

CEasy BaiTB: noAyvajiH-jiH bu cepBesHO, ctaba CBoe hma bo rjiaBt 
cnHCKa 8THXI Hero^^eB'L. CoMHiBaacb b'b Banieft pascjAHTeJisHocTH, 
Haxosy, qro bu He sacxysHBaoTe Toro, ^to6h a oCHapyxeju'L cBoe 
raifl». IIoAnHcaHo; <$paHiiy3i». 

noAnHCKa ^aJia 7 J 18 ^p. HecpaBHeHHo fiojr&e co6paHO 6ujo[o nocjifk 
TOro, EaEi Jlera saBeia cboh nocTOHHHKfl EpysEH a^h d6opa nosep- 
TBOBaHift Bi nojsBsy HesaBHCHHUx'B msoju. lUepnEajtH ne nepeora- 
BaiR rpoMHTB Bi GBOflx'B FaBOTax'B fflsojiu HOBaro THna H 6opB0a 
AOOTHrjiia cBoero anorea wb 1879 roxy. Mhhhctp^ Hapo;^aro upooBi- 

meHifl ^K)JIB $eppH TQJIBEO ?T0 BHCCB SHaMOHHTUft OpoeKTB, SaKJIK)- 

^aBmift npeBycjioByiyK) 7-ib OTaiBK), fb CEny EOTopoft sanpen^ajiocb 
npenoAaBaHie ^jieHairB He npHSHaHHux'B npaBHTeJiBCTBOMi* ^yxoBHBix'B 
oCmjdCTWb. KjiepHEajTU, no npEHipy JlnrH, npeAQpHHflJin neTHn;loHHyio 
KannaHiK). SacxaBJiaiH no;^DncB[BaTB xeHn^BFB h A'^Teft. raseni npo- 
CBiTHJUH nydJiiHRy no qacrn HCRpeHHOCTH btex-b noAHHceft. Ho, HecHOTpa 
Ha crapama EJiepHRaiOBi, pesyjiBtaTH noJiy^HJincB Epafiae osyAHiie. 
^paHi^ia OTBapaqHBaiacB otb hhxx. SaEOHonpoeKi 6jwh npnHarB. Fo- 
pa^o npHBtTCTBosajiE ero Mace h ero coTpyAHHsn. 

HoBaa mEOJEBHaa CHCTeifa uoTpe6oBajia hobuxi JiioAefi, h q-bm. 
6£ua-6ii npecjuoByxaa Honaa niEOJia, ecn-fiu bi xeqemH Aoxrax'B jrkvb 
He noAroTOBJiaj[a htb A'^TesBHocTB Maoe h ribxi, eto BHtcrfc cb hhm^ 
6opojroa npoTHsii pyTHEH, nacajTB neAaroraqecEia SHHra, npocBiii^ajin> 
AepeBHK) a ropoAi» a npiyqaji'B $paHi^iE) ropaqo oTHOcarBca ei aa- 
poAHOMy ofipasoBaniH) a saBoeBKiBaTB a^ aapoAt^ msojiyi b'b Eoropofl 
yqBjni-6u cBtry, a ne TBui? 

X. 

nocjii no6iAu, OAepsaHHoft peoiiy6jiiaEaHCEofi napiiei^ Mace npo- 
AOisajTB CBOH BEcsypciH ao Bceft ^paai^ia, yse ae onaeaaoB npecjii- 
AOBaaifi. TenepB a msoia a qaiaiBHa a ny&iaqaaa Jiesii;ia mofjih 
OTEpuTo aasHBaTBca pecny6jiHEaHCEH]CH, ho 6opB(Sy ci siepaaaiaHH 
Bce-raEH npHxoAHJiooB, a& npaxoAarca aecTH a noHHEi. ToiBEoyoio* 
Bia 8Tofi 6opB6ii craiH 6oiie GiaronpiaTHUMH. 

BtEOBoe BJiaAuqecTBO TeMHHxi OHTB He OTHpaeTca oashmi noqep- 
soiTB nepa, a ji^bud^ ooTaaaiooB en^e ae Maio. Jlara npoAOisajia ona- 
paxBca HCEjaoqareiBBo aa oBoCoAy cob'^cth. Oaa xpeSoBaia, ^toSh 
saiKAOMy qeioB^qecEOMy yMy AaBaiaoB bosmoshootb pasBHTia, bo3- 
moshoctb caaocToaTeiBao BSBtnoiBaTB a oAiaaBaTB. Cxporo ysasafl 
HesaBECHHOCTB OBOHX'B ueHOBi, Jlsra He OTBopaqHBaiacB otb JiioAeil 
caMuxi pasHoofipasHHX'B Bosap^aifi^'Ho caMa ae CTasaia ce6t saAA^efi 
nponaraBAy EaEOfl-Jiafio $Hioco$csofi hih pejiHri03H0ft aoetpihu. 

Co6cTBeHHO roBopa, ao ghxi nopi* Jlara ae npeACTaBJuua npaBHABHO 
cnjiOTHBmaroca cTpofiaaro i^aro. MHoroqacieaHua o6n^ecTBa, BOOAy- 
jaoBJieaaua OAaaaEQBmia cTpeiueaiaHH, pafioTaion^ b'b OAHaasoBoai^ 
HanpaBJieaia, BoaaaEaia caHOcroaTejiBHo bo Bctx'B Eoai^ax'B ^paaiijiB, 



46 FYCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

HO BHii 8Toii oCnvsLocTJi cTpeifJueHift Heacj^y hhmh ho cymecTBOBajio 
HHKaKofi ocofioft OBasn. Hpn OTcyxcTBiH cbo6o;^h accoi^iai^iH TaKoe 
nojioaceHie rpynnt JirnTB, xaKoe oTcyxciBie i^eHTpajiBHofi BJnacTH cociaB- 
J3HJI0 A^fl JIhph He cJnafiocTB, a CHJiy, EaRi. Ha to yKa3UBajii> Mace oi 
caMaro na^aia ea cymecTBOBanifl. Ho c^ iipiofipiTeHieMTi fiojibiiiefl cbg- 
ooj^Li coK)30B'B HJneHBi JiHrH H caiTb Maco HainjiH noj[e3HUHi> A^Xh eS 
npaBHjbHyx) opraHH3aii;iK) h ycHJiaxL ea i^eaxpt, He ji,m BiacTBOBaaia 
n-dji.'h ocxajbHHMH OT^iJiaMH, a jjia jjocxaBJieHiK bosmohhocth Sojiie 
aRTHBHOMy H 6oraxoMy i^enxpy, x, e. napHaccKOMy 0T;^'k[y, npHHOcaxt 
B03M0HCH0 6oja[i)niyH) nojbsy. HaKOHen;i', h 6opb6a ch npoiBBHHKaMH, craB'b 
btj 6ojrfee 6jiaronpiflTHBia jina. pecnyo-iHKann.eB'b ycjoBin, xiM-b hb Me- 
Hte He npcKpamajacb h j^jisi ea ReAenia npaenjibHaa opraan3ai;ia, ko- 
xopofi H36'braJD[H BHa^iajii h BCjiACTBie BHtuiHflX'b npaqna'b h oxqacxH 
BO Hsetaasie npeofijaAaHia (fopMM Ha;^'b co;^eparaiiieMi>, xen^^pb cxa- 
HOBHJiacb noJuesHofi h a:ejiaTejrbHO&, xaK'b KaKTb y}Ke He crajio oiiacaocTH, 
xaKx cKa3axb, aaAyniHTL coj^epsKaaie $opMGft. CoAepswaaie paspocjocb i 
laKi, ^xo Chjuo ^xo ofi^cAHBaib. 

Mace ocaoBajTj MHOssecxBO hobhxl ofimecxErb, ny6jHqauH leKaia 
oro Hepij^KO npHHHMa,iH nojiaxHyecKift xapaKxepi), x. nanp. ohT) aaep- 
ra^ao npoxecxoaaji'b npoxae^ nepensepaaia rpa$.i Ae Meaa, HSBtcx- 
aaro ao6opHHKa KaxojHqecKHX'b mKojii>, iioibSOBaBmaroca cHJbHOH) 
iiOAA^pacKOK) AyxoBeacTBa. HeyxoMHMocxb, cb KOTopoK) Mace TinxaJH 
CBOH iionyjiapHwa jreKr^ia bo bcSx^ KOHi^axx ^paac^ia, Moano, no 
capaBeAJHBOCTH, Haaaaxb ^hcto aMepHKaHCKOio. O^ho uepe'iHCJieHie 
MicxHocxea, r^t oh-b qaxaji^, cocxaBBjo-Sw AJiHHatHiiiiS cuDCOK'b. 

Bi> 1881 TOjij Jlora OKOHqaiejibHO opraHHSOBajiacb. ycxaaoBJieHU 
OHJH oupeAtjieHHbra oxaonioaia Me»;^y rpynnaMa a nepioAaqecKie 
cbisAbi. napaacKifl KOMHxex'b, CHBinia b^ xeqeaia ^ecaxH Jitxi $aK- 
xaqecKHiTb i^eaxpoM^ ;^BHa5eBia, cAiJiaJca ero ^opwajibaHMx, saKOH- 
liuwh njeaxpoM'b. Ox^exu napaatcKaro KpyaKa npeBpaxajiHCb bt, o6ni;ie 
«OxqexH-<j[)paany3CK0ft Jlara aapoj^aaro o6pa30BaHia>. 

Bee 8X0 6hjlo ptmeno KOHrpeccoMi., saciAaBHiBM'b qexupe ahh. 
Ila aeMX oficysAS^HCb Bonpocbi: o6x yaoxpefijieHiH-HOBaro ;^Ba;i;n,axH- 
Tucaqnaro noaepxBOBaaia, o cejbCKHX'b KHH»Hbrx^ JIaBKax^, aaaro- 
Bomaxx, cejibCKaxi Myseaxi, ayCjiH^Hbix'b neRxopaxt, ofiniecxBax-b 
;uH cofltficxBia Hapo;i;HOMy o6pa30BaHiio, nouyjiapHux-b jieKaiax'b, 
MtcxHHX'b cbizj^SLXTy H Hpoq. ^oxoAH HapHacKoft rpyniTH 3% BXO BpeMH 
paBHHJiHCb yae 60,000 ^paHKOBi. KaKT* ocoCeaHo nojieBHyK) Mtpy, 
iipanaxyK) KOHrpeccoMi), cjat^yexi oxMtxaxb opraHB8an,lro i^-hjiaro oxpa^a 
jieKxopoBTb, KOTopiie AOJJ«HH 6hjih qaxaib o6n^eAOcxynaHa jieEuiH no 
]>a3HUU'b npoAMexaM'b h no Bcett ^pam^ia. Hirb nojarajiocb Bosaar- 
paa^eHie hs-b cpe^cxBi Jlara. Konrpecci saaepmajica xopaecxeeaBHM'b 
sac'i^Aa'HieM'b bi SAaaia TposaAepo noA'b npoAciAaxejibcxBOM'b FaMfiexxbi. 
/I,Ba fi^tca^a cnycxa AweraxH ox-b 112 o6n^ecxBTb, BXOAHBniax'b Bt 
cocxaB'b Jlara, H36paj[a coBtrb h3i> 30 qjieaoB'B, bi xohx qacji'b a. 

niCEOlbRBX'b ZeHH^HH'B. 



TRAWb MACE. 47 

Co BpeMeHH cBoero okoHHaTeJihHaro yTBepxfl;eHifl JTiira He nepe- 
crasajia pasBBBaiBca. Bi 1883 ro;iy ^hcjio o6mecTB'B Aonrio ^o 598. 
nepio;n> 6opL6u MHHOBaji'L n Jlora ho aoABepraeicfl HHRaKHM^ Dpe- 

CJlij^OBaHiflMl. HpaBHTCJIbCTBO (|)paHI^y3CK0ft pecny6JIHKH UtHHTT> H 

npadnaeTB BazRHUH ycJiyra, oKaaaHSHa eio A*jy napoAHaro npocBt- 
meflifl. Oho ne tojebko hg iipothbhtch ea npeAnpiaTiaM^, ho aanpo- 
TiiBT) uoompaeTii ea j^tfliejibHOCTB h ;^aae Cepei^ cb nea npoMtp^. 
MHHncTepcTBo Hapo^Haro npocstnieHia npHHOMaerb Kb cntjiikn'm a 
cjfeAyeTB Many a K^eaarL Mace n ero coTpy;^HHKcBL, OKasuBaa awt 
^o;^;^ep»Ky cbohmi* asTopaTeTOM^. Oho a hohhtho, xaKt KaKt aoBaa 
$paHi;y3CKaa lUKOiia Be;^eTT> caoe naqajio ort aaKoaa $eppB, to ^cts 
Toro caMoro saKOHa, nyiB ;i;jia KOToparo 6Hjn> noAroToejieH^ A*flTejo>- 
HocTBK) Jlnrn Hapo7i,Haro o6pa30BaHia, ocHOBaHHoa. aiaaoMt Mace. He 
najio coji.'feficTBOBajia Jlnra a yTBepacAeHiK) caaoft ({)paHn;y3CK0H pec- 
ny6jioKa. He BMtniHBaacB B^ noiBTHKy, ^jieHH Jliira BocnaTHBajia 
JiiOiiei^ a ;iaBajia HU^ bosmoshoctb npaBL'^LHO oi^l^HnBaTb 3HaqeHie 
pecny6jiHKaHCKofi $opMBT npaB-ieaia j^jra $paH^ia. «Mw saHaaaeMca 
ae BBiOopaMH, a H36BpaTejieMx», roBopnjin> Mace, «mu apiy^iajia kt> 
MHUiiieHiK) rfx'fc, KTO ae yMi^i-b MbicjiaTB, apiyqaja kt* AtBcTBiBO Ttx'b, 
KTO He A^ficTBOBaii^. Mu BocnnTHBajifl Jiro^ett a rpaac^iiaB'b... Kto 6bi 
HH aana^aaji'b aa aacb — ^paai^ia Bcer;^a oTAacrb aan^ cnpaBe,Ji- 

;iHBOCTb». 

Bi BOCBMaj^ocaTHxii ro^axTb Mace tui-h aadpaai bt> cenarb. Ho 
Bcefi BipoaxHocxa oa-b npaearb aio SBaaie HCKjrroqHTejiBBO vb aaxe- 
pecax'b JlHra a Boo6n^e aapoj^aaro ofipaaoBaHia. Hecxojiiofiie 6hjio 
eny ^yacAO. HaCpaa^ ob-b 6hji^ aa aacjyra no pacnpocxpaaeaiio 
npocBimeaia bo ^paai^ia. Mace Gujuh neAaroroMi, no npasBaaiH), ne- 
AaroroMT> b-b JiyqmeM'B cmhcjh* axoro cjiOBa, lyac^biM'b pyxnab, 
AapoBHXHM'b a aeofibiKHOBeHHo acKpeaHHM'B a Ao6poAyniabiM^, ^xo ae 
iitmajio eny aeaaBHAixb 3Jio a aeatsecxBO BC^Ma CHJiaMa AJina a 
HaxoAHXb nopoK) ropaqyro a cxpacxHyio ^opay ji^iisL BHpa»eHia axoft 
aeaaaacxa Rani) bx* ptqax^, iipoaaaocHHux'b mi coCpaaiaxi), xasi a 
wb MaoroqacjieBHHX'b cxaxbax^.a fiponiiDpax'b. JI,o KOBi^a aBsan npo- 
iRTULTi oai, no iiepecejieaia mi^ diibsaca, bxi xomx* caMoifB naaciOB'l^^ 
npenoAaBaaieM'b vb KoxopoM'b aaqajoi'b cboh) neAaroranecKyio A*aTeJDb- 
HocTb. 3aM0K) OHi A^Barb ypoKa bx» naacioa'ik, bo apeira KaaaKyjis 
pa3B43aajii no Bceft $paBn;ia a ^axaji'b jieauia, pafioxajrb aa nojibsy 
JIarH. naacioH'b noMtn^agica b^ Moaxbt, bi> SAopoaofi HicxaocxH 
3acEaro A^napxaHeaxa, a npiioxajca bx o^eab opamaajibaoM'L noHt- 
nieaia — cxapaaaoHi saaKt BpeMeai ^paai^aoaa I-ro ci xojicTKHa 
cxtaaMH, fiamaaMa a rpovaAauMa cxapaaabiHa aaMaaaiia. nocxpoeH'b 
axoTii dauoEii aa CEJioat xojiaa, Baasy cxejiexca ABpeaaa, a Asuite 
pasBepxuBaexca npejiecxauJB jiaaAQiH^^x'b. IIosaAa saMaa — cxapaHHUtt, 
xi^aacxuft napai. Mace 6HJ[^ cxpacxabiM'L ji'I^coboaoh'b a okojlo napKa - 
uoApocxaen* HacaseaauS aMx* eioBbifl jiicoKX. Eio^a 6uj[a suBe- 
3eaH asi po^Horo diBsaca. Tyrb-se paAOM-b BoaBumaeioa xonojib, 



48 P7CCK0B BOFATCTBO. 

o6caseHHiifi posobumh KyoiaicH — ero nooaAiiJifl vh Ton a^hb, RorAa 

Vb 3aMRi nOJ[y?6HO-6HJ[0 HSBiorie O BOTHpOBaHiH KOHCTIITyi](iH, ROTO- 

poD yiBepsA&iacB $paHi^3CBafl pecnyfijiHKa. 

Bo TJLMi naHoiOEa ctohtb no^TeHHaa seHn^HHa, soTopas wb to- 
qeHiH oopoEa jAtl 6iua coTpyj^]iii;eD SaHa Mace. Bi MoHTbe HanH- 
caHO HiTB MHOseoTBo cxaTefi, 6poini)p'B e ne^iarora^ecKHXi coqEHemfi, 
w^ TOiTB Hfloit npeBocxoABUfl pyEOBOACTBa no Ecxopin e reorpa^iH: 
<Une carte de France pour les enfant8>, <La France avant les 
Francs* h Apyr. 

Oaeem'b E3i nociiAHEi'B RpynEsx^ js^iy Mace 61120 ooEOBaaie 
vb 1889 r. «M6aKAysap0AE0ft .Iefe EapoAHaro o6pa80BasiH», ROTopyio 
OHB EasuBaii <MesAyEapo;^UMi RpeciOBiiMi noxoAOHi npoTEBi Ea- 
poAEaro seBi»ecTBa». Bra Jtera 6£U[a ocEOsaEa Ea ciidA'6 1889 r., 
HirlBmeirB npeAueroirb qacTEuS noHSEi. bi A'^Jii Eapo^flaro o6pa3o- 
BafliE. Ci rjcydoREiTB e ECRpesEHM'B coHyscTBieiTB oTEOCEJiica Maoe 
s'B ^acTEOMy nouEy e bi A'^i pyccRaro EapoAEaro npocBimieEiE s 
paAOCTSO npEB'ibTCTBOBajK'B pyocRyD EapoAEyK) jiETepaxypy, ocsosaEie 
y Eaoi EapoAEUX'B mROJi, GEdjrioTeR'L e RypcoB'B ^jsa Bspocjuixi. 

HesaAOiro ao CBoei cuepxE owb BupaCoiaji'B nporpaMiiy o6n^eoTBa 
BsaEMonoMon^E e noRpoBHTeiBCTBa MaiojiiTEEifL pa6o?BHi. 3to 6uia 
ero jD[e6eAflEafl nicva>. IIojiessiiiirB xbiowb saBepmHJii oeii cbos) bu- 

CORO-nOieSEyR) aSESSB, EeESHiEEUMl AeBESOUl ROTOpofi 6HJLR CJKOBa 

J[eft6Efli;a: «TorB, rto abpsetb bi* pyRaxi ofipasoBanie, Hoserb mvA- 

SETb Jlfll^O 8eiUE». 

E. BapTeHOBa. 



HAIEA KJUnA. 

MapiH KoHonHHi^ieoH:. 

Ilepeeodz C6 noAhCKato. 



HanajEOCB a^o co crapofl KpoBaxH, Ha EOTopofl mh Bipoeifb 
xsnajnr. 

0t6i^ BepHyjcfl ci piKH sjioft h, yciemHCb Ha jiaBRy, 
nojD(nepi» pjKoft rojiOBy. MaxB pasa Tpn AOJisHa 6iua cnpocHts, 

HTO CL HHITB, OOKa OHl OTB^^THJUi, HTO paCOTa Cb KaMHeiTB HO- 

KOH^HjiacB, H TenepB RjuiHa 6yAeirB bobhtb tojibko necoBii. $d- 

MKb cefinaci moh^ nHXHyjii bi» 6oki, a naxB thxo saciOHajia, 

Co6HpajiCH oiei^ nofiiH Kb Benepy sa AOsropoirB, Aa ho Mon 

pimHTBCA HHlCaKB. XOAHJTB, AyMajTB, HO yrjiaiTb rjH^A^JTB, HaEO- 

Heq>, ociaHOBHJicfl nepeAi MaiepBio h CKasajTb: 

— Kt* ^eiiy MajiBqyraHairb KpOBaiB, AnyjiBKa? Ciuud a Ha 

BeMJiiy TaKB H OHB MOryTB. 

- Mu neperjiflHyjiHCB. ^^ib sojiotuji HCKopsH CBepKnyjiH vb rjia- 
8axi> $3JiBKa. IIpaBAal K'b neMy Hain» EpoBaTB? 3a IleTpyceirB 
TOJiBKO TMxbrb npHXOABTC^, qTo6£i He CBaj[HjicH CL Hen. 

— Tan^Hl Ilo'ibxajial— EpHBHyjTB ^dJieRB, h He ycnijia MaTB 
otbIthtb, KaRTi MBi yjRe CTan^ujiH Brpoeirb c^HHHirb na hojtb, a 
^djiefTB CTajTB Ha iLem> KyBupRaTBca. 

Ho, BOFAa M£I CTaniHJlH CiHHHEB, OKaBaJIOCB, ^T0 y KpoBaiH 

He xBaxaerb jifijxb aocokb, a oabhb 6obi> h coBc/bieb OTBajorBaeTCfl. 
IIodTOMy CTapBeBn^HKB, Koioparo hh^ OTei^ npHKasajTB nosBaxBi 
H pasroBapHBaiB He ct&si o KpoBaTH, crpe6i oTcqHTaHHue iii- 
Ahkh bi> KHcerB, aaBflsaji'B h cynyjiii sa nasyxy. yciynHJTB OTei^ii 
AecflTKy '*'), noToiTB ab^, noion nj-bjiLift sjoruft **), ho shab CTOiUTB 
Ha CBoeiTB* HaKOHei^i, npocyByBB hsb cfineft vb KOMnaTy cboh) 
6opoAeHKy, om corjiacHjicH a^tb hojithhhhbb ^en ceMH rpomeft^ 
ecjiH OTeAB npoAacrB eny h noAyniKy. 

Orei^'B He pimajiCH, BsrjiHHyjrB na nacB, nocMOip&rB na xaiB; 
Bcero na-Bcero buxoahjuo OAHnaAi^aTB bjiotiixi. 



**) dsoTuA— nflTHaAi^aTB soiritoKi. 



M 12. OxAin I 



50 PSrCCKOB BOIATCTBO. 

— Hy, KaKb, iiajiBqyraHBi?— cnpocHjn owb uaKOHei^i-- 060ft- 
j(eTeci», ^TOJiH, na Bpeif^ 6en noAjmicH, noKa MaTb 6ojibHa? 

— CEOiibKO yroAHoI — rapKHyjii* $aj[eKi> rjiyxim'b rojiocoarb, — 
OHi Bi> dTy cauyH) ifenyTy CTOHJi'b ua rojio^ h, ne uepewbEaa 
QOjioseHiA, mBupHyjani noAymsy Ha cpoAHHy EOMHaru. IlerpycB 
cxBaTHjii ee h 6pocEjrb bi> $dJibKa, ^djieKii bi* uohh, Tani qTO 
CTapbOBii^HKy npHinjDLOCB OTHHTb ee y nacb, a to m&i 6u ee pac- 
TepsaJiH. 

— TojibKo 6631 HaBOJioiKBl — nporoBopHjia CJia6bm rojio- 

COlTb MaTB. 

CiK) xe MHHyTy mu BupBajiH Em> no^i) MumEH y ciapbeBn^BKa 
noAyniRy h cxajiH ciacKHBaTb cb Hea naBOJioiKy. 

OTajcqHTb TO Mbi ee cran^HJiH, no OAHirb yroji'b no?iymKH osa- 
BajDLca pacDopoTUirb h hsi nero cbinajiHCb nepbu. CHOsa cTa- 
pbeBcqHicb He saxoT&Ai A&Tb OAHHHaAuaiH sjiotuxi, a A^saji'b 
TOJibRO A^BATb 6ed'b OAHHHaAi^aTH rpomeft. 

ToproBajiCfl-ToproBajCH, HaKOHem>, coraejiCH Cb omoMi Ha i^4- 
jLUTh AByxi> py6jiHxi, ho ci ycjiosieMi upii6Mwth eny en^e name 

Oieiii BarjiBHyj!!) Ha MaTb. Ona 6LiJia TaKi cjia6a h 
6jr6AHay qxo Kasajiacb MepTBoft, jiesca Ha cnaHi, Cb rjiy6oEO 
BHaBfflHMii rjiasaMH. — AeyjibKa?.. — upomenTajii* oxei^^ Bonpoca- 
TejibHo. Ho Haib saiieiajDiacb, KamjiAA, n noToiiy He Horjia ot- 

B^THTb. 

— Jifi uuy nanKa, ne xothmi OAtajia!— KpHKHyji-b ^ajueicb. — 
HaiTb n3i> sa dxoro OA'bAJia tojibko KaH^yK) no^b ApaTbca npH- 
XOAHTCH. Borb, H BHUdiTb CRaserb?.. 

— JIpaBAa, nana, — noATBepAHjn a.— KaacAyio noib npaxoAMM 
ApaTbca, noTOMy ^to cnojisaerb... 

CrapbeBii^HKb cjiosnji'b yace oa'^hjio h 3a6pajrb ero rose 
noAi» MHiHKy. Mbi) TopsecTByn, BuGi^sajiH sa hhu-b bo ABopii* 

— Snaexe? — KpsiKHyjrb ^dJieRiMajibqHKaMb, HrpaeniHifb xaui) 
BT, jianTy,— cxapbeBmairb Kynaji'b namy Kpoaaxb, OA*flJio, no- 
AymKy! Mu 6yAeMT> Tenepb na nojiy na cbHHHK* cnaxb!.. 

— BejHKa BaacHOCTb!— saMixHjn) ejiiAHufl lOaeirb, acHBmift 
y nopxHoro B-b jitBOMi> (j^jiHrejii.— fl yace Asa roAa y Macxepa 
na nojiy chjik) h bobco 663% ciHHHEa. 

TaEoft npuTH hbi oxi nero ne oKHAajin. Cnaxb xaEHMi xa- 
HepoM'b 6ujio npHAyMaHo, 8HaiHxi>, ho HaMH. 

Bi> xoTTb ace A^Hb y naci 6uji'b AOExopx, a a Asa pasa 
64raji^ BT) anxeEy, noxony qio Maiepn CHOBa cxajio xyace; ho 
jiHmb TOjiLEo Haciajii Benepi), mu ejie mofjih Aoicxb EapxomEy, 
TSiKh xopoHHjiHCb Ha c^HUHEX, Eoxopufi uu ce6'& COOpyAHJIH Bl> 
yrjiy aa ne^Eoft. $3jieRT), — tox^ eme c^ xjiifioMi bb pyEaxi 
cxajiB Ha EOJiiHH noMOJLHXbca H MHrouB ox<iHxaj!i'b cOxqe 
HainiY H cPaAyficHi; a xoAbEO ao hojiobhhu Aomejui), naEi 



HAmi SJfl^A. 51 

Offb yai BOJiOTHi'B ce6fl wb rpyjB *) xairk SAopoBO, ito see 
sa^posajio y nacB vb ROMnaTi u, CKuujB'b Cb ce6si o^ny tojibko 
6jQ[y3y, ceftqacb se sajieri) y neqKH. IIpaBAa, h h ne npoiB 6£jjrb 
norpiTBCfl y neqra, ^a ne ctohjio yarb saj^tBaTs ero, TpecHyjrb 
a TOJiBRO ero no yxy a jien y cr]^HKH, a neipycH mbi npoMeasi 
ce6H yjiosHjiH. CHaqajia uwh Bce KasajiocL, ^to rojioBa Kyja;a-To 
HasaA'b CB njie^ CKaiuBaeTCH, no npHBUHK'& kb noAyoiB'b, 
AOJiasHo 6uTB, a noTOirb hojioshjib a ee C66i na jioeotb h 
Bumjio qyiecHO. 

— m^w\ »e Mff6 Baci, pe6aTHinKH, naKpuTB? — CKasajTB oieoB, 
rjiHAA, KaiTB HBi sajiHCB ApyrB KB ApysKi- 

OCMOTpiljrB OHB KOMHaiy, CHflJTB CB TBOSAH CBOO CHHeO naJIBTO 

H 6pocHj[B ero naiTB. 

Mu 3aKpHqajiH 0TB paAOCTE n cefiiacB sacoBajiH pyEH bb 
pyEasa. Oabhb IlexpycB nnntajiB, ne yM'i&H nonacTB bb hhxb^ Aft 
MBI ero CB rojioBofi noKpujoiH, ohb h saHOJiiajiB. Ovei^B, npeacA^ 
Hii}s:b Jie^B, en^e pasB noAomejiB eb HaMB. 

— Hy, HTO? Tenjio BajuB, nocrpijiflTa? — cnpocnjiB ohb. 

— Met Tenjio!— otbAthjtb a hsb noAB najiBTO. 

— A MR* TO EaEB! — EpHEHyjiB $ajieKB. — Mni, nansa, TaEB 
AH ace sapEo. H ohb BucyHyjiB cboh a^^ihhhkih xyAun Hora, 
mo6hi noKasaTB, qxo eMy noEpBiBajio HnnoqeiiB. 

jS^i^flCTBHTejiBHo, npiiiTHaA xenjioTa pacnpocipaHHJiacB na HacB 
OTB neiEH, noTOiiy ^to OTei^ nepeAB Be^epoMB npBHecB soKcy, 
pasBejiB oroHB h saBapnjiB MaTepH qat. GefiiacB hh h sa- 
CHyjiH. Ho noAB yxpo CA^JiaJiocB BApyrB oiohb xojioaho. flno- 
TAHyjTB najiBTO BB CBOH) CTopoHy. $djieEB cnaqaJia CBeacHjica bo 
CHi, a noTOHB H cauB cxajiB TanyTB najiBTo eb ce6'b; a TasB saEB 
A He nycRajiB, •noTOMy qTo b^a^ ^My 6&iJio renji^e OEoao neiEH, 
mbwb MH'6, TaEB ohb cxapajiCH norjiy6se saji'&BTB noAB najiBxo. 

IIoAJii^safl, OHB BipHo npHAaBHJTB EaEB-HH6yAB IleTpyca, noxoiiy 
qTo iiajiBiinB BApyi^ cxajTB HHO^aTB, a hotomb h cobc^mb pas- 
peB^jrCA. MaxB thxo aaoxajia. 

— $BjiiinnB) a $HJiHnnBl — CEa3ajia ona cjia^BUiB foiocomb — 
sarjiHHB-Ea eb Hajib^nmEaHB, a to IleTpycB qero-TO njia^eTB... 

Ho oTei^B cnajiB. 

— Pe6iiTa! — nporoBopnjia oh^tb MaTB— qero bto HerpycB 
njianerB? 

— 9to ero $3JieEB, Maua! — OTBtTHjiB a. 

— HenpaBAa, nana, BpeTB ohb, bto Bhi^9eb!— 6ucTpo hoa- 

XBaTHJlB OHB SacnaHH&IMB rOJIOCOMB. 

MaxB en^e Taacejii^e BSAOxnyjia h, xaEB sakB MajiuinB ne 
nepecTasajTb njiaEaxB, cji^^sjia cb EpoBaTH, BSHjia Hexpyca na 



*) KaTOJEHKH BT) KOHii,i& MOnnTBBi V;(apfliDT'B ce6fl H^cBoiBKO pasii xyjiaROin 

Bi rpYAB. 

4* 



52 PFGCKOB BOrATGTBO. 

pyra H CHecjia ero na cbok) nocTejib. Hairs ciaio CBO(k>AHi^e; 
ceftiacB se ^dJieffB TOj[KHyjii» Henfl bi 6oKb, h jsfi^jnb euj cxa^H 
H| OTBepHyBnmcB Apyn otb Apyra, ku oTjuqHO npocaajui xo 
caHaro yipa. 

JIfia ^epeait ABa nocjit droro ouhtb ABiuiCfl CTapBesn^Hffb. 
Hhkto ero He SBajTb, npniueji'L Tasi, Ed's B^sjiHBOCTfl, Kan 
OHi> roBopsjTb^ ysHaiB, Eairb sAopoBBe MaxepH. Haqan xo- 
AHTB no KOMHarl, ociiaTpHBaTB msa^'B, Ta6ypeTKH. Ho otodcb 

CbUTB H6 B1> Ayxi H He CiaJTB Cb HHITB MHOFO paSFOBapHBaTB. 

Ohi npHmejTB odhtb na cjr6AyK)nUft a^hb* B\ arorb a^hb 
Mil noo6iAaJiH oahoA KapTomicofl cb cojibh), ^noxoiiy qxo 
Bce BBimjio; xjii($a Tosse ne ocxajiocB, h IleTpycB ymeji'B vb 
niKOJiy HaTon^aEi. Mni oieiii Bejiijui npflroxoBHTB iii^inoKb noAi> 
yrojiB^... ^BHHyjii hchh $8JieKB bi 6o£i>: xenjio, kojtb, 6yAerB 
y Haci> ceroAHH, a to BiTepi CTpaxi EaEi CBHCTajii no kom- 
Haii; Ch paAOCTH vu pacxoxoiajiHCB, a yse h^^csojibko BpenenH 
CTOHjiii CB H'imKOirB; HO 0Teii;i^ bhaho, nosaCujn npo yrojiBA; 
yc&icii ce6i na MaTepHHoft KpoBaTH, saAynaJicji h non^HnEiBaeTB 
ycu. H KanuiAHyji», — ohb j^sxe ne BSFJiflHyji bi> moh) CTopony; 
H Kamji^Hyji'B Apyrofl pasx,— nocMOTpijii», tohho ho bhaa Menn; 
a TyTB KaKi» pasi* CTapBesn^HKi nosajioBajn Kb nairb h ciajirB 
noEynaiB niRa$i». 

nepecTynaii cb Horn na Hory, a noAOSAftJi'^ ^n^e, ho ysacHO 
TopoHHjic^^ noTOMy qTo BOAa y BOAOKa^KH saHepsjia, h ^djiesB 
nocKaKaji'B EaiaiBCH; nodTOMy n pncKHyj'B h Kamji^HyAi Bib xpe- 
Tift pa3i»* Oxei^'b noBepHyjiCH, Aa KaKB TpecHerb KyiaicoirB 
o(h> ctojibI a Vb c4hh, qyiB ne cnoxKHyjicfl o noporB, a CTapBCB-. 
nsMB'b Toace BBimearB BCKop:6 h ciajn SHBaxB najiBi^eirB espeio 
CB npoTHBynojiosHoft CToponu. OTen^B MesAy xiin> nosnaji'B m6hji, 
xoTfl y Hero en^e oxqero to ApossajiH pyKH, OTC^HTajni mecxHaA- 
i^axB rpomeft h Bejr6j['B 6i7Ra,Tb sa yrojiBHHH. 

KoFAa a BepHyjECH, cxapBefin](HKi» h oBpefl cb npoxHsynojiosHoft 
cxopoHU BUHocBjiH mKa^i. Oteu,i> cxaji'B y ABepeft, ^to6i>i ne 
Bamjio MHoro xojiOAy, a MaTB oxBepnyjia rojioBy kb ct^hJ^ e no 
npHBBiqKi xHxo cxonajia. OxcyxcxBie mKa^a vb yrjiy, rA'6 ohi* 
cxoHjii> Bce Bpeiia^ ckojibko Hory sanoMHHXB, jifi^o nan^ noBoe 
A'&so; Mu KHHyjHCB KB Ha6paBineiiycfl xaiTB copy, n Ha^aJiHCB 
noHCKH. $9Ji6KB Hameji'B ssecxflHyK) nyroBHuy, soxopyK) ceft^acB 
se npnniHjii CG6i Kb pysaBy, a a ntenKoft Aocxajiit hsi mfijui 
fioJiBmyio, sapataBiBfflyK) HMy h 6o»bk) KopoBKy cb noAorny- 

TfiUm HOSSKaHH H OTjUOMaHHUlTB KpUJIBIUIROirB. Mu cxajiH ABHraxB 

ee, HO OHa 6£rjia HepxBan. 

IIpH KasAoft naxoAKb, mu paAOCxno BeKpHKHBaoiH, n oxd^i 
ejne MorB nacB AosBaxBCH 'ficTB Eamy, KoropyH) OBii CBapHjii 
Hani na o&bKb h EOTopod xojibko xaxB ho saxoxijia nonpo6o- 
BaxB. HaKonei^'B, mu nepexpncjin Bce h, y6iAHBniHCB, ^xo ys'B 



HAnu KJiflu. 53 

6ojiBine EHKaxHTb coKpoBHnrb FB yrjiy H^n, BUMejiH ocTajiBHoft 

Tyn T03BK0 a sairfiTBjTB, hto bi tomi Micrt, rjii ctoajtb 
mna^^'B, qacTB ci4b£i KasajtacB 6'iji'ie ociajiBHofi KOHHaTLi, h no- 

A&IHJICH BTOfi HOBOCTBK) CB OdJIBEOMl), a XaKB EaKl> H MaTB 06- 

qajiBHO rjiHAiJia Tyxa se, to oTei^ Bcrajii, paaiHCKaaB bb 
fln^Hirft ABa ivobah b, bkojiotkbi ex'b bb ^otb yrojii, noB^CHjTB 
Ha EHXi) naTepHHo RopH^HeBoe npasAHH^Hoe njiaiBe a Apyroe, 
6yAHH^Hoe^ CTapaiejiBHO uoEpBij[i> hxi njiaiEOMB h sajiosHjrB cb 
6oKOBi^ spaa. 9to Bumjio oqenB EpacBBO, a ^djiesB cb IIoTpy- 
cewh cedqacB CTaJiH Tam nrpaTB bb bpateh. 

MaxepH Bi dTO BpeiiH ciajio hto to xyse; aoetopb bcjiAjtb 
eft icTB xopomift 6yj[B0Hi» h CB^acee luibo, h xotb njiaEajia ona 
HSB-sa TaEofl TpaTBi AeeerB h, sasB Morjia, otrosapHBajia ori^a, 
BceraEH BnpoAOJiseHiH i^ijiofi neA'iJin a eseAHOBHo 6irajrB sb 
icjiCHHKy B noEynaji'B HHOrAa i^ijiBix'B noji^yaxa. 

A ciapBeBH^HEB xasB toti> yasB xasB eb HaMB npHBUEB, ^o 

BBaJIH JIH MU, BJ[H He BBaJIB, OHB BCHEift A6HB XOTB ^OpeSB ABOpB 

sarj^AUBajTB. YarB Aftse FyjiBxaft, co6aEa ABopHHKa, ho jaajia 
Ha Hero, nocjrib niEa^a cxapBeBn^HSB EynEj[i> y nacB HeTHpe 
EpameHHBie hoab opixx cxyjia, na EOxopuxB mbi caABJTHCB o6i- 
AaxB. Ob dTHHH cxyaiBAMH Bunua HacTOfln^afl noxixa, noxoMy 
Hxo cxapBeBH^HEB He MOFB BSflXB 6ojiBine AByxB, a APyrie ABa 
MBI HecjLH BnjToxB Ao OpAHHai^Earo. 

Co cxyjiBHifH Ha roAoeaxB hu marajiH nocepeAHH% yjiBKU, 
a $djieBB xaEB opajn> cAopory, Aoporyl* qxo Aase hsbos- 
HHRH ocxaHaBjiHBajuiCB. CxapB6BcqHEa HU AaJieso ocxaBHJUH no- 
saAH ce6fl^ xoxh owb h raajicH sa naMH, spHqa: pa36oSHHKH, 

mBapI(B-H)pU H X. HOA* SKHAOBCEiH BBIAyHEH. A BB EOHA^, Ha 

OpAHHai^oirB, Mu AaBaft 6apa6aHHXB no cxyjiBHMB. C6isajica 
HapoA'B, AynajiH, qxo aKpoCaxu irpi'bxajiH; xyxB ysB cxapBeBn^BEB 
AornajiB nacB, cxBaxHJtca sa 6opoAy, yBBA^BB xasoe c6opHn^e 
HapoAy BOEpyrB cxyjiBeBB, h a&Jtb naiiB CEopie xpH rponia, 

XOJIBEO 6U MU yXOAHJIH. 

TaBB HaiTB no Bsycy npHnuiocB bto nyxe necTBie, qxo mu 
xojiBKO H cnpaniHBajiH, qxo naw) bbihocbtb. 

Bb oco6eHHOcxH ^dJiOEi Bce HOBoe npHAyMUBajiB. RaxB 
XOJIBEO BepnexcB hsb uieojiij, ceftqacB sajioa^HTB pysH nasaAi*, 
xoAHXB no EOMHaxi H noyrjiaiTB, Eain> 0A'6HiixHEB,BucBiaxpHBa6TB. 

— A, MOSOTB 6UTB, HaOKa, BOXejIOKB? A HOSeXB EOpUXO 

EjiH qacu? 

— y^Hpaflcai—padcepAEjicE sa Hero oxei^B, Eoxopuft xe- 
nepB noqxH hocxoeheo cepAEJiCH e rpycxnjiB. 

— ^BAeKi, qxo XH 9X0 6ojrraeinB rjiynocxE? — nporoBopEjia 
cj!ia6iiirB rojiocoHB MaxB. — Tu ou, nosajnyft, CEopo h Ayiny bi> 

xjui'6 npoAajTB? 



54 pyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

Mil cb neTpyceMi Toace chjilho BOSiiyTHjiHCb. 

— Hy, botl!;. KoieaoKb!.. Eme nero!.. A b-b ^eirt »e Ba- 
pHTB Eamy bah KapiomKy? 

— Hjih qacul.. — npHdaBHjTb BOSMymeHHHft Hexpycb. — A 
KaBt me tli ysHaemb, EorAa Te6i saxo^eiCH icxB hjih cnaxB?.* 

— Ceojibko, Cparb, yro^no!.. BOCKjiHKHyjrb ^dJieKb, — hto 
Apyroe, nosajiyfi, tojibeo He 8To! Jl^a h xedi b^^ab noKasBiBaioxi 
jiH qacBi, Hjm He noEasuBafoxB, Bce xojibeo 6u ijLT>. 

— A caMii xBi jsflH jiBBO^Bnufii sa 6yjuca]CH ((iraeiiiB, qxo6£>i 
cyxapB nojiyqHXB. 

— BoBce He 6iraK>!— oxb'^^xhjtb, noKpacniBi, ^dJieEB. 

— BiraemB! 

— He 6'6raiol 

— Hixi, 6iraeinBl H cain> bha&tb, EaEi xu cyxapB ijiB... 

— a? cyxapB? Hy, eft Bory ae, ne ijril — Tyxi» oh-b y^a- 

PHJII EyJiaKOMB Bl CBOK) ipy^B, XaEB qXO ASkSe 9X0 OTAajIOCB. 

— Hy, xaKB aoxhhI.. 

^djieK'B noAomeJi'B h xaBi AOxnyji^B, ^xo ASLSne napi) noinejLB. 

Ilo6ijl2L ocxajiacB na ero cxopoH'b. Hh^ixo He ynadLiBaJio, 
HTO OHii i^jTb cyxapB, fl8B rjiy^HHU Bnajiaro SHBOxa necjio jehoib 
cxpaniHoft nycxoxofl... 

He CMOxpH na npoxecxu, ^d^eEib BcexaEH He yHHMajiCfl. 
OAHaacABi, pacxaacHBan no EOiiHax:^ h norjuiAt^Baa no cxtnaMb, 

OHB BAPyrB BOCKJIHRHyjI'B: 

— A EOCxpH)M-xo, nana! A cxynRal A yxiorb! 

Mbi xaEi> H o6HepJiH. KocxpiojiH, yxK)rB h cxynEa 6hjih na- 
mHMH ceHefiHBiMH AP&^Q'^HHOCXflMH. UoctaBJieHHue Ha nOJOLRt 
npiiMo npoxHsi) ABepn, ohh ocji'i^nHxeiBHO Siecxd^JiH, saK'B do- 
Jioxo. Cpe^HHy hojeh saHHMajia socxpK)jiiH. HacsojiBso Mory 3a-< 
noMHHXB, a. HHEOFAa He BHAajTB, ?xo6u vh axbft KOCxpK)ji:& sa- 
pHJiH. dio 6UJI0 6u np^MO cBAtoxaxcxBOMiI Ho BcexaEH HaxB 
BCAKjjo cy66oxy 6epea:H0 qHcxirjia ee xepxiiMi EHpnH^eiTB hjih 
80JI0H, noaxoMy ona h 6jiecxijia xaEB secejio, cxoh na nojuci 
CB o6pan^eHHofi ei» Eonnax^ py^Eoft h cnepEan np^Mo bb 
rjiasa npn bxoa^. Paaomi cb neio cb OAHoft cxopoHBi . cxoHjia 
ciynEa cb necxHBOMi), cb Apyroft yxion.. Cxynsa 6ujia Mwb po- 
BecHHi^efi. Ee EynnjrB oxeuB b'b xorB a^hb, EorAa h poahjica, 
^To6u nopaAOBaxB HaxB h no6jiaroAapHXB ee sa cuna. 

H HHEOrO H31> MOHXl) CBepCXHHEOBB CB HameFO ABOpa, JifilSRe 

CO Bcefi Hameft yjini^Bi, a xaKB ho yBaasajTB, EaEB 9xy cxynEy. 
MaxB CHBMajia ee tojibeo pa8i> bi foai^ bb cxpacxHyio naTHHi^y, 
^xoSb ecxojio^b b'b Heft EopHi^y a^h nacxajuBnaro cn^aiiiKai, h 
xorAa o6BiEHOBeHHO noBxopjiJiCK pascnasB, bb Koxopom repoHun 
6UJIH H H cxynEa. Co6cxBeHHO roBopn, pasHHAa 6ujib, xojibeo 
xa, qxo HeHH npBHecB ancxB aapomb, a sa cxynxy npHnuiocB 
oxAaxB A^HBrn. Hnqero, cjiJ^AOBaxejBHO, h^xb yAHBHxejiBHaro, qxo 



HADIA EJriI<IA. 55 

^yn^ecTBOBanie ea h cqBTajii> BamH^e Hoero, Tim> 6ojAe, hto 
fl BHA'fiJL'L ysaseHie, KoiopuMib ona Bce speiiH nojiiidOBa^acb... Hy 
a CO HHOfi-TO BC^KO 6UBajI0y H TorAa, h dotomi... 

YTBorB To»e OHtHB pi^KO cnycKajiCH cb bhcotu hojikh ^o 
Hamefi o6uAeHHOfi asHSHH. MaTb rjiaAHjia hitb tojibko npadAHHq- 
HUfl iiaHHinRH OTi^a a^ cbos TiojieBue qenABi; ocxajiBHoe 6iJLhe 
mjio noA'b KaiOKb. OAHa»ABi MaTs Aaxe nopyrajiacb H3i>-3a aToro 
yTH)ra Cb ABopHQiHxofi, saxoTiBuieft B3flTb ero y Haci» Ha Bpeiu. 

— CyAaptiHfl! — CKasaja eft Hsuh BecLna pimnTejiBHO.— Ta- 
Eaa Ben^b ho OAOJiacaeiCfl, He OTAaeica vb qyawin pyKaL. 3to 
Aenerb ciOHrb!.. Bthmi odsaBOAHTCH pasi na bck) 2su3Hb!.. 

Mu Bci noMHBJiEr, KaKb ABopHHHHxa ch . TpecKoicb sa- 
xjiODHyjia ABepb h bi» cinaxi aaji& bojiio CBoeft rjioTic^fa, h Ran 
y MaiepH orb rH'^sa s BoaMyiqeHiH ApoacajiH pyKH, KorAa ona 
repeal) eicKOJbKO HHHyrb piaajia HaMT> xjii^6ib Kb 3aBTpaKy. Ci 
dxoro BpeueHH yiiorb cifjibHO noAHflJiCH vb Moen MHiHis. SI 
H ero HLicjieHHO DpaqHcaHJorb Kb t^hi> Ben^ain, KOiopun coBep- 
inaH)TCH T02Ke pasi vb shshh, KaKT), nanpHMipi, Kpentemei 
Hjus noKynKa ciufaro najibTo, KOTopoe^ no cjiOBairb OTi^a, rose 
CuBaerb oaho na bck> SBSHb. A xenepb BApyrb, nsBOJibTe 
BHA'J^Tb, ^djieR'b TaKi> paacysAaJi'b o6b yiiori; KaKb o KaKofi- 
BH^yAb CTapoft jioacK'i hjiii MexjuJ^. H B3rjiHHyjii na oii^a, wb 
nojiHofi yBipeHHocTH, hto yiuH ^ajibKa nocxpaAaforb sa 9xo« 
Ho oxei^ ycxasHJiCA b% nojib h xepe^Hjrb ycu. Xopomo en^e, 
4X0 Maxb cuajia Brb axo BpeMH. 

Bl) XOTb A^Hb H He 6'kTBUl'b Sa MHCOlTb AJIH UaxepH. ToJIbEO 

Rocxeft oxeE^b Bejiijrb hh^ Kyimxb Ha xpoHKi *) h csapffjrb HS'b 
HHX'b noxjie6Ky. 

Ha cjiiAyK)ir^ift aohb ohi* npHEnejni, npo3H6HyBii, ho Becejio 
noxapan pyKn, h KpHKHyjib en^e y nopora: 

— PaAyflca, AnyjibKal Bncjia, xoro h tjiiiah, xponexca, 
noxoMy HTo Bixepi) noAyjrb ci sanaAa. 

Ho Maxb, BsrjiHHyBi) na oxi^a, Bcnjiecnyjia pyRaMH n jifixe 
c&ia na nocxejiH. 

— $HjrHnm>l— BocKJiHKHyjia ona— a xyjiynb vjAI 

Tenepb xojibro n sajrixHix, qxo oxei^i BepnyjiCH 6e3T» *yjiyna. 

Ho HeKorAa 6ujlo aojifo pa3cyacAaxb h rjiHA^xb, xaRT> usiKb 
oxeAi) cxBaxiijrb sa pyi^H HexpycH h 6ucxpo cxajTb KpysHXbCH 
Cb HBMi). HoxoiTb rpoMRO pacxoxoxajicji, oxnycxHjii) HexpycH h, 
opaci^Bb Ha MaxepHHy RpoBa^b, ch^bjich xaKb, ^xo a&^o cjiesu 
HoxeKjiH no ero noqepHiBinHM'b niieRaMi>. Ho CRopo owb Buxepi 
Hxi> pyRaBoifb cBoero nHAScaKa. 

— Hy, Hio, AHyjbRa? KaRi xu HHnqe?... — cnpocHjrb OHb. 
Maxb, oxRHHyBoiHCb Ha noAymRH, HOJiqajia. 



*) TpoflKTb— xpH rpoma {V|^ Kon.). 



56 PyCGSOB BOrATCTBG. 

— $HjiHiiirB!--nienHyjD[a ona, HaKoneiyB, yK0pH3H6HH0.— ?Ta 
8T0 TU?.. TyjiyiTb npOAaji:b?.. 

— TyjiyiTbl Tyjiyirb!— noBTopHjLi oTei^'b.— Hy h ito »e ly- 
jiyiTB?.. BejiHKa BaxHOCTb ryjiynil ^obojilho a ero noiacKajn aa^ 
CBoeiTB vfiKy! A h TBscejrb se tfuji'b, noAJiei^i, RaKi cob'6ctl y 
vejiiBHHKa... Jl^ase jierie crajo, KaKi> a CKHeyjrb ero ci ce6fll 

A Korxa MaiB tbxo sacioHajia, ohi norjiaAHai ee pynoft 
no BOJiocaH'B h npH6aBHjrb: 

— Tu TORHO KpHBaii 6epe3a, AHyjiBsa — h8% 8a-BCflEaro nycxj^Ka 
CTOHemB... Eujn* lyjiyini, nirb ero, ny, BejTBEa jih BasHocTB?... 
%o-se? Ha^opMHTi) MeHfl pasBi Tyjiynii, hjih sanjiaTHrb sa 
KBapiHpy? BecHa na Hocy, loro a tjihah jieji^ xpoHeTCH, a a 
6ysy BT> Tyjiyn* meroJWTB... ^a b^jb CKopo h bt» iinA^caKi 
sapKO 6yAeTB, KaEi> pa6oTa noAofiA^TB... 

Bl TOTB A^HB OnATB y HaCl» 611011 rOCnOAHHB AOKTOpi), H A 

o&flTB 6i^raji'B Bi anxeKy. 

— XOJIOAHO 3A'6CB KaKB-TO— rOBOpHJTB, yXOAfl, rOCnOAHHB AOE- 

TopB,— H cupocTB qyBCTByexcH. HaAO 6hi nojiyHine xohhtb... Oh'k 
BSAporHyji'B, saKyxBiBaflCB bb iny6y. Oxei^B BucjiymajTB, noHHRHyB^ 
roJioBofi. 

BecB dxorB AeHB, Bopoqem, oxei^B ^ujib oichb Becejii); ho 
BiTAHO eme qxo xo y Hero Ha cepA^4 Jemajio, noxoMy qxo, KaKi 
xoJiBKO naxB He riLflA^Ji& na Hero, jhd[o ero hsic&hjijiocb, rooiOBa 
onycEajiacB, a rjiasa Adi> (r&pjuxB A'^aJiHCB noqxs qepHUMH, xaKoe 
bhah'6jiocb wb HEXi rope. 

UoKb BeqepB iiBi KyHHjiH TjjbjLux'h nojUB nyAa yrjiH, h y nacB 
CujL'h xaKoft oroHB, qxo A&^6 xpen^ajo bx ne^E^. Oxoab npH- 
ABBHyji'B CEaiieftsy b^ HameMy ciHHHKy h cbjib ka Hee, HaxB 
xome noBepHyjiacB, wnoChi nooHA'i^xB na ofohb, h mu Bci co- 
rp:fijincB npoBOCXOAHo! 

Ilpomjio OHHXB hoa^^ ABi. y oxi^a pa6oTa cjiyiajiacB ho 
qacxo, xoxB, hojioshmi, h AOMa eA 6ujio He iiajio; xo 6ijiBe 
BBicxEpaxB, xo o6tA'B CBapHXB; npaBAa, ho BcerAa ohb Ba- 
pHjicfl, HO BcexaKH He xo, xaKi Apyroe 6£iBadio, a nacB xaicB^ 
pasBt XOJIBKO nocjiaxB EyAa-HH6yAB... Maxepn xose 6hiA0 hh 
xyace, hh jiyqine; HCxyAajia ona xojibko chjubho h jehhiomx no- 
6tjii^jia, KaKB 6yHara, xose h EamejiB CHJiBHut naxoAciJtB na 
nee Bce qan^e, vh oco6eHHOCXH na pa3CBi&x:6. 

HnorAa bi EOMHaxy sarjiHAUBajiH coc^aeh h yAnajiHaHCB, 
qxo MaxB xaEB noxyA'&aa. 

— YflfB xoxB-6u BorB nop']^HjrB bb xy hjih bb APyryio cxo- 
poHyl— roBopHJia oxi^y sena cJiecapH. 

— TB$y — njiioHyjiB oxe^B. — 9xo 9xo bbi, EaKin boh^h fobo- 
pHxe? ^xo-HB, HSAO'&Jia ona hh^^, qxo* jih? HeysejiH uu noxh 
BineiTB jnjiH h npncArajiH xhxb bm^cxI^ xojileo bb 3A0p0B0& 



HAIDA 7SJULU.. 57 

Bpeufl, a n CojAzhb. noKHHyTB spyrB APyra? Pasei ona ne y 
ueHfl, H6 ci MOHMH petfjiTauH SAopoBBe norepHJia?.. 

Ha TOiTB pasroBopi h KonqEJucH. 

Mopo8u Bce A^psajiHCL. Xotb Btiepi noAyjrb h cb sana^a, 

HO Bl KOMfiaT^ CTOflJTb TaEOft XOJIOAHII^e, ITO BaJEJIX napi). C'B 

Beqepa hcmhosso narpieTCfl, a Kb yTpy onaxb laKi saMexeTi 
CffiroMi Haine OEoni^e, hto CB^iy He bhaho. nerpycB h bl mKOJiy 
nepecTajTB xoaetb, *Bce sa ne^Kofi, j[u6o y hofb MaiepH ce- 
A^jtb; TaKofi HiseHKa! A hsi cb ^ajiBEom, hto6ij corpd^ibca, 
ch&kkh KaTajiH, aa KHAajiH HMH Apyrb Bib ApysKy. 

KaBi TO pa3i» newy ne touhjih. 0x61^1 npHspiurb MaiB 
HjaTKOiTB, a MOHH HOCJiajTB Kb cocAfjA HOHpocHTb KycoqeEi> ca- 
xapy A^H MaiepH. Ho y coc^abh toso He Cujlo. OiKpbiji'b oTei]^ 
CBot cyHAy^OEi) noucKaxb, ne saBajiHJiacB jih Tjfi& kslkslh HH6yAb 
Bpoxa, noTOHy hto xaib laKB EamjiiiJia, 6yAT0 y hoa ^to to bb 
rpyAH paspuBajiocB. Geft^acb mu oficxynHjiH oxi^a B(r& xpoe, no- 
Tony "iTO Bi cyHAyBt jieauuiH pasHUH Ben^E, soTopuE naifB 

p:6AK0 npEZOAHJlOCb BHA'^TB. EbUIH TaifB BB OAHOA KOpO^Ki 6pETBII 

otzhobckIe, bb Apyroft EopajuiOBUE 6ycii MaTepE, fibuiB neppuft 
mojiKOBufi HjiaTOBB, KOTOpBiiTb oTei^ o6BE8UBajrB mem bb 6ojiBnne 
npa3AHEKE, 6bijio iiaTepEHo uajiBTO cb KpacHoft noAEJiaAKofi, cro- 
jiOBan CEaTepTB cb niBiTaHE^ noEpuBajio a^^ EpoBaTH e3i» se- 
jnoHOfi MaTepiE. 

Ho Ha dTOTB pa3B MLi o^ManyjoiCB: bb cyHAyRi 6biJio nycxo. 

Tojibfio BB yrjiy, saBepHyTan bb spacHBifi njiaTOEii, lesajia 
rapHOHin OTi^a, ocTaBmaECH otb ero xojiocToft shshh. OTei^ 
TpoHyjTB ee h^ceojibeo pasB, Ea^b 6u Coacb bbetb ee h CABEHyxB 
Cb liicTa. Ona ESAajia sBysB e yMOJUuia. Ho $dj[6EB ysb sa- 
nycTEjTB Jiany bb cyHAVEi. 

— A rapMOHb, nana! — saEpHqajiii ohi, noAHEMaE spacHuft 

CBOpTOEB. — A rapMOHb TO B^AB MQ»HO? 

— ^djieiTbl.. nosBajia naTb cjia6BiiiB pojiocomb cb sponaTH* 
Otenib HOspacH&rB, othejib y $dj[bEa niaTOErb Cb rapHOHieft 

E, nojiosEBB BB cyHAyKb; 3ai:ep:b ero he saiioEii. 

Bb totb A6HB ysacHo hu aojdto h8 3aBTpaEaj[E» a o6iAa 

TaSB H COBCtMl HO 6bIJI0. H AyMaJL'b, ?T0 OTei^ MeHE XOTB 3a 

xjA6oirb cnocujiaerB, aa o6jiaHyECE. Toueo nexpycH) AOCxajiacB 
BqepaiuHEE EpaiomEa. Gi ropE mu nonuiE cb $9jibegm% bb ctHE 
EppaTB „BB EJiaccu^, a TO BpeiiE o^eHB yaBi» AOJiro xEHyjiocB. 
Blijib, nosajyft, BTopoft ejie TpoTifi qaci, EasB HaTb noAO-* 
SBajia MOHE ycTajiBiiiB foeocomb eb EposaTs e roBopETB CB pas-^ 
crasoBEaMH: 

— G6iraft-Ea, BniiycB, si> npaiEi na UlflTJuOj SHaeniB?.. 

— Eme 6u He snaTB... Bb TpexlB noMepB... 

— Bi* TpeTift — noBTopua HaxB.— Osa xopomaE seHn^EHa^ 
Be EynEXB-EE ona yxiorB... 



58 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

— ynorb?.. — noBTopaji'^.ii, He jOB'fepHH cBOHU'b ymavb. 

— TojiBKO nycKaft npeAeirb wb cyuepKH, qTo6u ABopHH^Bxa 
H6 yBH^ajia en na ABop*]^... Hy cTynafi... 

SL cxBaTHji'B maoKy, a HaxB oniiTb soserb HeHn: 

— BHiiycB!., 

Ho KorAa h noAomejn, ona nocMOTp&m KaKi-TO ao oco6eH- 
HOMy Ha HeHH h CKaaajia: 

— Hnqero, Bnpoqein>! Ciynaft... 

H yHi 6i>ij[i> vb ABep^xi, Kaicb oRa CHOBa Bopoisjia MenH. 
Ona npanoAHiijiacB Ha KpoBaTa, BnaBinie rjiasa ea 6luih mnpoKO 
pacKpuTBi. 

— H crynKy... — mennyjia ona xaKL thxo, wo a. ejie paa- 
cjiumajiB. SL OKaHeH^jrb. Mni noRasajiocL, xoqno mchh caMoro 
XOTijIH npoAaTB. 

•r- CtynKy? — noBTopHjrb a raonoxoMB, HaKJiOHLflHCb Kt J[IH^y 
MaiepH. 

Ona Aumajia Ta^ejio, HepsHO, vb rpy^H cjrunieH^ 6u^% 
ocrpufi CBHCTf). Hnqero He OTB^qaH, ona tojibko Aep^ajia uenn sa 
pyKy. JIaAOHB ea 6ujia xcjioAHan, MOKpan. Pasa Asa, rpa ona 
pacKpuBajia poTB, nonejiTJ^Buiifi jioCb noKpujiCH noTOMB, h ona 

BTHHyJia B03AyXB rjiy60KHMl> B3A0X0HB, KaKB 6u BSAuxan. 

— H Kocxpio-iio...— npomeniajia OHa c:b ycHjiieiTB. 

— Kocxpiojiio!— eABa BuroBOpHjrB h. 

Ona xojiBKO naxnyjia pyKOft, rojioBa en ynajia na noAyniKy, 
rjiasa saKpujiHCB. 

H BLijiex^^ cjKOBHO omnapeHHuft, cb maiiKofi bb pyK6« Bb 
ciHHXB H HaxKHyjicH Ha ^ajiBKa. 

— CjuniB, xu — KpHKHyjiB a eny bb yxo.— KocxprojiK) h 
cxynKy, h yxiorb, Bce KaicB ecxB npoAaeiTB! 

— A HopxB! — *9jieKB, pacxoxoxajiCH, noAnpHrayjiB Ksepxy, 
ycjiuxaBB apo xaKyro norixy, h xJionHyjTB ce6a no 6eApaMB. 
9xoTB npuacOKB 6BIJIB y Hero caiiuuB jiyqmHMB HoiiepoMB, h hh- 
KOFAa a He MorB cb hhmb bb bxomb cpaBHaxBCH. Ohb KHAajica 
BB B03AyxB xaK-B wc jiePKo, KaKB pBi(5a BB BOAy* ToxqacB mbi cb 
HHiTB nojiex:6jiH na IQHrjiK), noxoMy qxo $9JieRB ^ujtb caM0jiK)6uBB 
H HHKorAa HH Ha BOJiocB He xox^JiB ycxyuHTB MHi. 

Ho npa^Ka ne aaxox^a co mhoA h paaroBapnBaxB hhofo. 
CKasajia, wo KocxpH)jD[a eft He nySbHa, a cxynsa h yxiorB ecxB 

CBOH. 

Mbi BumjiH BOBMynieHHue. 

— HniB, HopxoBa 6a6al — KpHRHyjTB $9jiieKB. — Kocxpiojra eft 
HO Hysna! Tanaa K0CTpK)jia, RaicB Eama, h eft ne nysHa. 

MaxB AoacHAajiacB neHa cb ^jiecxan^HMH rjiasaiiH; KorAa a 
eft paBCKasaoTB o pesyjiBxaxi^ namefi mhccIh, ona BSAoxayjia, KaK'i> 
6u noiyscxBOBaBB 6oJiBnioe o6jQ[erqeHie. 

HoAB BeqepB, OAnaKo, ona nosBajta HeHH onaxB h Beji:6jia 



HAnU EJIfl^LA. 59 

cCiraTB, 3a CTapBeBii(nKOHi>. Mu bucko^hjih 06a cb ^aaBKoiTL, 
OTacTjiHBue, 1T0 dTo A^^o eu^e ne KonqEJiocb, CTapbean^Bfci 
npHmejTB, nocMoip&i'B yirorB^ QOCMOTpijrb koctph)jih>, nocMOTp&n» 
CTynKy h, npespniejiBHO na,J^^wb ry6Li, CKasajii, ^xo 9to bc6 
roiHTCH pasB* vb jioiTb. Yiiorb neperopfcrb, ciynKa Majia, ko- 
CTpiojiii TOHKa H cnaHHa cb 6oKy... 3a Bcb Tpa Ben^H bh'^ct^ 

OHl AasaJI'B A6CHTB dJKOTBIX'B. 

MaTb BCKOiHjia h ctjia na EpoBaTH. 

— Hto?.. JIjecflTB sjiOTMX'L?.. O^Ha CTynKa cTOHjia qhtl 3jio- 
THXX H TpHHaAi?aTb rponiefl! A yTion»l.. A Kocipiojifl! 

— Hy, KB jioiTb...— Hanaji'B 6ujio ciapBeBmHirb. 

Ho OHa He wljlsl eiiy AoroBOpaTB h ApoaKao^efi pyicofi yna- 
suBajia Ha ABepB. 

— CiynafiTe! CiynafiTel IlycTB moh rjnasa Baci He BHA^rBl.. 
He BBi OAHH Ha CB'fiii.— H ceftiacB-se nocjiajia nacB sa Apyrnirb 

CTapBeBIAHROM'By PyABIMl, EOTOpBlft y HaCB KynHJTB nocju^AHift 

cTOJii: OHB ocBinajTB HacB npH6ayTKaMH, a sa to, qxo mbi otho- 
cjiH ero noKyuKy Ha APyryio yJIH^y, aajtb nasTB cb $9JiBKoirB 
no op'bxy. IIpaB;ia, $dJiBKy nonajiCH ci> Ai>ipKofi, ho ohi> na neiTB 
BecB AOHB CBHCT'iji'B, HOApAsaH OTxcAHH^eMy no'idAy. HiaBi no- 
jierbjH uu sa PyABiMi. Owb TapaTopHji'B qio-TO na yrjiy y Jia- 
BOHKH CB dTHMii HOpBBiM'B, KOTopBig yinejofB OTB HacB. Ceflqaci 
OAHaEO HonpaBHji'b HimoicB cb 6yTBijiKaMH na chhh^ h nomejrb 
sa HaMH. 

Ho, nocHOTptBi CTynny, ROCTpiojiH) h yTK}rB) A^BajTB sa hhx'b 
TOJiBKO A6BJITB sjioTUX'B H mecTHaAAaiB rpomefi; roBopnji'B Taoce, 
^TO CTynKa bi* jioitb He roAnxcH. MaxB xpncjia jiHxopaAKa h 
OHa, xoxH He Morjia noqxE ABHHyxBCJi na EpoBaxn, BcexaKH ot- 
Hjwia y PyAaro namy KOCTpiojiio h 6pocHJia ee na hoji*. Ko- 
crpiojiH sasBenijia, KaKB pas^HTBift sojioeojii>. 

%o TO cxpaHHoe cjiyiHJiocB co MHoft, EorAa h ycjiBimaji'B 
aroxi sboh-b. 

Mh^ HOEasajiocB, tto sacTonajiH cxinu nameft ROMHaxu. 

A'laxB saspujia pysofi rjiasa h sanjiaEajia. 

En^e sacB'fixjio nepe6BiBaj[o y naci oeojlo hath cxapBeBH^H- 
soBi), HO KdasAufi AaBajii) Bce neHBine; xoxb na ABa, xpn rpoma, 
HO MeHBme. TapaxopnjiH, cnopHJiH, oxHHirajiH Apyn> y APyra Hamy 
CTynKy h nami yxiorB, raiTB cxomi, toiho na Casapi. 

^SJieKl XOJIBEO nOQHnLIBaJl'B MeHfl 0T1> yAOBOJIBCTBlH. 

— BoTB, 6paTB, noTixal — menTaji* ohb, saAHxaacB otb 
CAepsHBaeMaro CH^xa, h mh oCjievnemji nepeKysBipKHyjiCH. 

HaKOHe^•b, xoproBABr yfipajiHCB, HcnopxHBi iojibko BOSAyx-B b% 
KOHHaxd^; EocxpiojiH, yxiorB h cxynEa ocxajincB cxohxb phabiui- 
KOMi Ha CRaMefiKi osojio Maxepn. Ona CMOxp&ia rpycxnuMi), 
ycrajiBiM'B, hohxh HenoABHSHBiM'B Bsrj[flAOMi». Ho KorAa Hoposii 

KB HO^H BC6 yCHJIHBaJICH, a HoxpyCB, HSB^XHO— HenpHBBIHHUft 



60 PyCCEOE BOrATCTBb. 

Maj[£ini'L, HaiajTb nnn^aTB, ^to eny xojuoxho h icvh xoqexcir, 
uajTb eejuijia mh^ c6iraTB kt> ABOpHH'iHxi h cnpocnxB, ho ej- 
nvTb JLH oHa yxiarB. Ho ABopHnqmca He satfujia, bhaho, npes- 
HAfo OTEasa MaTepH h aaAjJiacB, poeuo ii^epEOBHBifi Kjiiojrb. 

— KoJH 6yAy noEynaTB, laEi hobhA Bynjuo. ^to mh4 Bib 
TaifoHi cTapL']^! 

Korxa a nepe^ajii axo MaTepH, Kpacsa 6pocHJiacB eft b^ 
jiHii;o. 

— Shvh^ TSiKh wbTbl — sanpHHajia ona ApoacacqHin> otb ra^Ba 
TOJEOCOMi. BHAajrn! CrapBe!.. HniB EaEan 6apEiHii! Oaojxhtb, TaEi> 

XOpOOTB 6UJ['B, a EaEl> EyHHTB, TaEB CTapBe! IIOJtOSAH THy 

ApflHB... noA^nan... H OHa pacEamjiHjiacB, cxBaTHBiiiHCB sa rpyxB, 
HO ^o^HTB eft tfujio neqero, noTOHy qTo ipaBa jublbw Bunuia. 

— BHitycB!— oTOSBajiacB MaxB npepuBaion^HMCH tojiocoitb — 
c($iiraft-Ea eb caMouy nepBony CTapBeBn^HEy, EOTopuft fiecmh 
aaoTuxB AftBajTB. Ex TOHy qepHouy, sHaemB? IlycTB ysB npn- 
xoAHrb. n, saspuBB ycrajiBie rjiasa, npomenrajia: 

— 3a 6edi^^H0E'B npoAaiiB, Aapoirb 6poiny, a tu, aphhb 
BAaEaa, ho cmM ciapBeirb qysoro AOCiaxEa o63BiBaTB... He uo- 
jiyquniB. He nojEyinniB! 

H ona sanojiqajia, yTOMHBniHCB bb EOHeuiB. 

$9JieEB TaSB Ci^SaJTB CO HHOft EB eBpeiO, HTO HHTEFI yA^PH- 

jiHCB JIH2KEH. Mu AyMaiH, iTo Eon BtcTB Txb evo npHAeTCA 

HCEaTB, a OHl CTOHTB HOHTH OpHHO HpOTHBB HaiHHXB BOpOTB, 

sacynyBB pyEH sa hohcb CBoero xajiaxa, h njnoeiB ce6i no cto- 
poHavB. 

CoBcinB EasB 6yAT0 jRAaifB HacB. RorAa $dj[eBB noAJietijiB h 
TOjiEHyjL'B ero vb jioeotb, y Hero BafijecT&iH npHii^ypeHHue rjiasa^ 
EaEB y EomEH, h ohi>, noTHHyBB HOcoiTB, dBtcTpo noaiejTB 8a na- 
MH. Ho H owb TenepB ne saxor&jrB AftsaxB fiojiBnie, q^irB cpoBHO 

AeBflTB SJIOTUX'Bl . 3tO €p0BH0» OWb npOHSHOCHJTB TaEl», saEB 6yAT0 
Kb dTHlTB A6BHTH SJIOTBIITB I^^JIBlft nOJUETHHHEB npH6aBJHJ['B. 

y Marepn ohhtb zeu,o pasropijtocB. 

— %o Bu! — BocEJiHKHyjuaoHa.— Jl^a B^A^ HH^ero He y6aBH- 
jlocbI Jl^a B%Ai» BBi paHBme a^chtb siotlix'b A&Bajut. Jlja b^^ab dxo 
TO se canoe! 

— Hy, TaKB qTO-ae, hto to ate caHoel — otb^thjei $jierMa- 
TH^HO ciapBeBmaEB. — fl pasAynajTB...* 

— JHftite ysB xoTo a^chtb sjiotbixb, EaEi bh paHBme A&Bajm... 
HotiofixecB bu Bora!.. 

— Hy, Bora h 6ok)cbI Ecjih-6u h Bora ne 6oHiCfi, Tasib 

K 6bI BOCeMB 3J10XBIXB A&^TL, a KaKB H BOTS, 60H)CB, XO fl AU^ 
POBHO ABBHTB. 

— HycTB BacB Bofb HaEasexi sa to, qxo o6Hsaexe Mena — 
npocxoHajia MaxB. 

— 3a qxo HaEasexB? — npHBCEoqnjTB cxapBeBn^HEB. Iloqeiiy 



^LasaseTB? Passi h j^apoirb xoqy bsjitb? PasBift h Hfcopi> saio? 
Hy, A jijBLJo HacTo^n^iH xeHBrHl 

Maib ysi HHHero He oxB^THjia, :ilbho en 6um TB,Kb 6ji^aho, 
EaBi» 6yMara. Rorfta eepet c^Hia^ii A^HBrH, y ^dJiBKa rjiasa 
(iirajiH sa KasAoft Aec^TKoft *). Ka^b toabo KOTopaa HH6yxB 
H» UHXi 6ujia xoTB HeMHoro noTepra, ohb cefiqacb HCiuDoqajDii 
ee H3i cqeia, Bpnqa, hto ^aJBEnsBaa. Espeft CHaqajia niHEajTb, 
noTOMB pacKpacH^JicH TaKB, qio, KasajiocB, ero ceflqacB na* 
pajraqB xBaTHTB, pasB jijBLxe sanaxByjiCH na ^dJiBKa, BUBeAen- 
Hut H8B ce6ii, HO BApyiB yjiu^nyjiCH, AOCTajTB hsb SHjieia chjib- 
HO noqepHiBmift rponiB h, noAaBaii ero $9JiBBy, CKasajTB: 

— Hy, TBI yMHuft HaaiBqrHKB! Tu qsHOBHHEB 6yA6niBt Ha 
Te6i Ha npHHHB3»I 

Ho ^djieKB HO 6pajQ[B rpoma. 

— TyTBy CMOTpHTB, He XBaiaoTB TpoHEa— CRasajiB OHB, CTyqa 
najiBi^eMB no KyqBi rpomefi, cociaBjuiBnieft sjiotbiA. CioAa npn- 
<!aBBTe, a mh^ HpHHHKaMH dy6u ne saroBapaBaflTe! 

Espeft OTB yABBjieniH qiioRajTb Bce CHJUBH'be* 

— A kluger Bub — mennyjiB ohb npo cefia. 

HaKOHeifb, Roe KaBB pac^HiajtHCB, »hab cb rpoxoTOHB bh- 
HyjEB yifOFB, CTynny h EOCTpiojuo bb rpHSHuft HiniOBB, a Menn 
MaTB Docjiajia sa yrojiBiiHH h sa xjii^6oMB. 

KorAa npHmejiB oieirb, btb ne^Bi rop&KB yse ofohb, a mu 
HOoqepeAH nooHBajiH boa^hby **) hsb asejiisnaro ropmeqxa. 

0'tem> ocTaHOBHJiCH ea nopori, norji^A^jTB na ofohb, na 

HaCB, nOTOMB ORHHyjTB BSFJIflAOHB BOMHaTy H, WVJSJBi eVO BSOpB 

ocTaHOBHjicH Ha nycToft hojik^, noxynHJiiB rjiasa n na uuaoq- 
KaxB noAomejiB bb iiaTepHHoft BpOBaTH. 

BcBopi nocjii BToro naqajiacB necHa. CnjiBHut rpoxoTB ipe- 
CBaion^arocH na Bmcili jiBAa cjiuinajiCH no HoqanB bb nameiiB 
noABajii. OAHaRo, yrojiB mu en^e Bce noRynajiH, noiOHy qio cu- 
pocTB BB BOMnaxt tfujQia TaBaH, qTo Bci crtnti 6ujih MORpuH. 

KoHHaTa nama onycr&jia ao qacia. 

— J|,aS6 6jieCTHTB— rOBOpHJTb $3JieBB. 

Homjio CTapoe HaTepHHo njiaiBe, nomjiH qacu, nomaa ao* 
xafloca, a BorAa nomjio h cHHee najiBTo OTi^a, a noTepjurb co- 
BepmeHHo Bd^py bb 1*6 Ben^H, BOiopuH jtibJiSkioTCA cpasB aa bcio 
sh3hb>, bb oco6eHHOCTH nocjDit HeAaBHflro onuxa cb yiioroiiB. 

Mbi pacxasBBajiH lenepB no nycToft BOMnaxd^, BasB bb i^epBBH, 
a $9jieRB BpHqajTb, caoshbb pysH y pia, qroOu BUSBaxB sxo. 

rOCnOAHHB AORTOpB npHXOAHJIB BCOTaRH RB HSkHB, H BB aHTORy 

B CirajTB. KoiejioBB sejiisHuft Tose en^e 6uj[b, ho mu p^ASO 
BapHjui o&bKb; cBapHMB Bapio^ejiH) cb yrpa, TasB h na neqepB 



*") 10 rpomeft, uATaqeKi. 
**) PoA* nozjie6BH. 



62 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

XBaTajio, a Aneirb mu roHHJiHCL 3a xosHftcKSME KomRaMH, noTOMf 
qTO OH'b ysacHO EpHqajia ao KpumairB* 

OAHaacABi OTei^'b npHc^Ji'b Ha nojiy y cyaj^yKa, oispburb ero 
B xojiro pasAyMUBajn) o qem-TO. 

A B^ dTOTB A^Hb tiuJia CHJBHaH 0TT6neJIL, T6EJ0 Ch KpUUTb, 

Ha XBop'6 qnpHKajiH h j];pajincL bopo6bh, h cojiHae bt* nepBsiH 
paBi> Bi> BTy 3HMy sarjiHHyjiio Kb Ham bi> noABajrb. Ho HaiepH 
CHOBa CTajio xyace. Bck) non ee HyHH.i'B Eamejib, a hhtb ona 
npocHJia pasi uiiTB. JlenapcTBa He 6bijio... 

^djieKh Bciaji-b Ha i^uno^EH h rjiHA^^ qepes'b njie^o oTAa. 
Offb AynaJix, ?To yBHj^HTb Bon SHaerb hto, a iiesKAy t^hi hh- 
Hero oco6eHHaro ne yBHA^Ji'b. 

Oieifb TOjibKO Kaqajn> rojiOBofl, TepeCajrb ycu h, Mojiqa, rjw- 
Ai^jii Ha KpacHufly jreacan^ifi na Aui CBepioirb. HaKonei;!}, npo- 
THHyjTb sa HHiTb pyEy, Bunyjrb rapMOHiio h, ctBi» na xaTepHHoft 
KpoBaTH, Haqajii nrpaib. 

MaTb H'j^CEOJiBEo oacEBHjiacb, Beji^Jia nocaAHTb Kh ce6i na 
EpoBaTb IleTpycH} ^a h mu BCTajiH HenoAajieEy h cjiymajiH. 

CHaqajia oiei^i Hrpajii) Beceoio h, Hrpaa, pasroBapBBajt'b ci> 
iiaTepbK): 

— noMHHmb, AnyjibEa, El^jiaHBi? IIoMHHnib, Easi mli no- 
SHaEOMHjiHCb? KaEii H Te6'6 BTo HanrpuBajTb no Aopori? 

— nOMHK)^ HHJILIJ}, — CKasajia MaXb THXO. 

— A BTO? noMHHoib?.. Bt TpoHn;y, bi. xpauoBofi npasfl- 

HHE1>, Vb CoJTblCb... 

— noMHK)— mennyjia Maxb. 

— XBarb y nac^ otcdi^! — CEasaji'b mh4 noTHXOHbEy ^bjicki^ 
TKHyBi MeHH Hoj^b pe6pa. 

— Ha Te64 xor^a 6ujio pososoe nojiocaxoe njiaibe, h EpinEa 
A nocjiib 6631 xe6a xocKOBajn>,— npoAomajTb OTeu,i> iwrKHirb rojio- 

COMIn 

— A 3X0, AnyjibEa?.. 

— 9xoro He 3Haio.., 

— HeyacejiH He BHaemb?.. Biflb 3xo »e 6ujiO bi Bojii^ 
UM HomjiH xy^a Cb SHxeMi), en^e s EpyscEOfi saixajni) xony 
HiMuy, qxo K^ xe6i noA'bisffiaji'b... 

— ^a, npasita!— raenayjia Maxb. 

Oxeip> npoAOJia:ajrb nrpaxb. On-b sepacajrb rapMoniK) Ha eo- 
jrkicby pacx^rHBaj[% ee, CABuraji'b h 6bicxpo nepe^EpaJni najib- 
i^aHH no EjianaHam. 

HHKorAa He* npaxoAHJiocb mh:& cjibimaxb xasofi xopomefi: 
Brpu. 

— AnyjibEa, a axo?.. KaET>-ace? 

— HoMHK), $HJiHnn'b,— cEaaaJia Maxb — aio 6hjio bt> xo bo- 
CKpeceHbe, KorAa xu nac^exii CBdLj(b6u Kb nony xoahjlii. Mix 
Cb noEoftnai^eS-MaxepbK) 6lijih Kb HepHHKOB^... 



HAniA KJIfl^A. 63 

— ^epesi) u'hcH^b Mu yaci> BOSBpaqajiHCB ci to6oB, npn- 
6aBHjii oTWb.— Mu HrpaaH... 

— A EaRoft sanaxi) Torjia on cnpeHH 611 jx... RaKb co- 

JBLOBLH SaJIHBaJIHCB... 

— A KaKaa tli Tor^a icpacaBHi^a 6um... EaEi> po3a ABi^ja. 
$^JIeK^ soi^TOJiisHyji'b Mean. 

— EaKT» TttTorAa Hrpajii), MHjiufi... KaicB th nrpaji^! ^ 
Ona yjiiu^HyjiaCB, Bd^oxHyjia h, Kasajiocb, uanajia sac&i- 

naxb. 

Otcab h TonepB HrpajiB npeepacfio. Caa^ajia Becejio, CKopo, 
KaKi> njiHcoByiOy caMft hofh y Haci Ha^ajiH xoahtb. noiOMB Kb 
3T0My BecejibK) cjiobho npHtfaBMocB qio-TO Apyroe, Bce rpycxHie, 
rpycTHie, xaEii ^lo ^dJieicB pasa ABa ysB BuxepB KyjiaKOHB 
rjiasa; BApyrB, oxeicb pacTflHyjii pasoirb rapuoHuo ci o6:&hxi> 
CTopoH'B, u OHa HSAajia xaKofi sajiocTHufi ssyKB, EasB opraffb, 
EOFAa HrpafOTb sa ynoEofi. 

MaxB cnajsa. ^acxo na nee uaxoAHjii xenepB TaRofi cohb, 
Easi) 6yAX0 exo MaEOiiB ejS rjiasa nocunajn. A nocjii npocu- 
iiajiacB cj[a6aH, 6jiiAHaA, cb xojioahumb noxoiTB na HCxyAajLOiiB 
jtHa'i. nocHA'i^jrB oxei^B, noHypuB'b rojiOBy, nocHA^^Ji'B, noxoiTB, 
Bcxajii, BSAOXHyjTB, saBHsajTB rapMOHiio bi> EpacHUH njiaxoEB, 
cyuyjii ee noAB MumEy h CEopo, HaA'^BB maiiEy, Bumejni aa 
AunofiEaxB. KoFAa mh BxpoeMi o^yxHjiHCB na c^^hhue^ hoab 

MaxepHHUMB EiaXEOlfB, $8JieEB XCJlEHyjlB lieHfl Vb 6OEB H CEa- 

sajTB BB nojirojioca: 

— Bsi^eEB! 

— %o? 

— SnaeoiB?.. A b^ab cxapsEB xo Hami ojiaEaJHB, EorAa 
HrpaiB. 

— Hy-y? 

— Efl-Bory!-~no6oaHjicfl $3aeK'B, yAapHBB ce6n EyjiaEonB 
BB rpyAB CB xaEoft cbjioA, ^xo a^wkg bb Heft qxo-xo sacxoHaao. — 
He cjiinoft «, bha^Jib... Tojibeo, 6paxB, cjiesu xo y Hero no 
ycaMi xeRjn... 

— JI,a H He yAHBHxejiBHo! — npH^aBHji'B ohb ^epes^ MHHyiy — 

XOJIBEO Ha^HH, XaEB OAHO 3a APyrHMB H npHHOMHUXCH... 

Ohb xHfflejio BSAOxnyjni, nojieacajn> ci» iiHHyxoqEy xhxo h 
noBepnyjCA Ha doEi eb ue^Ei; CKopo ao Menn Aoneccfl xpaai. 
Oxei^B BX» dxoxB Be'iepi uosaho npHineji'B aomoS, ho npHHecB 
HaxepH jiiiKapcxBO, pasBejTB ofohb h sasapHjii ^afi. ^ojiro ne 
MorB a ycHyxB bb Bxy hoib, a b^ lOJiOBi y MeHH Bce qxo-xo 
Hrpajio, xo Becejio, xo rpycxHO. BajKbjL'b a BC^Eyio BCflqany bo 
ch4 bhjioxb ao caMaro yxpa: 6yAxo caAB y HacT> bb EOMHaxi h 

BB CiUHXB COJUOBBU HOIOXB, a Ha CXiui, TAi npeaSAO BHCfcHH 

nacH, xenepB cxohx^ nojiHaa cepe6p;iHa>i jiyHa. 

KorAa h npocHyjica, $3jieEb yaie cha^jib Ha ciHHHK* h 



64 PyCCROB BOriTCTBO. 

sacTerHB&ni) peHeHL na cnycRaioiiiHxcH mTaHaxi. ^pesi pac- 
KpuBmyiocH, BCK) B% sanjiaiaxi py6amKy bh/hiu 6i^h ero hc- 
xyAajua pe6pa, hsi Bopoia Topqajia sasi y Bopo6Bfl TOHsaii 
meji, a HeHMOsipHO xyABui hofh ji^jiajiH ero ropaaxo Bume, 
H'birb OHi 6£iji'b Ha caMOni* A'bjrb. 

— ^djieicbl — BocKjiHKHyjnb a. — ^to 9to tu, KaKi sepAb bu- 
poci sa 9toTb wbcHVUb? 

— AypaKb! — pascM^HJicH $ajieKi.— fl tojibko MnycB TaiPb, 
iTo6u 6pK)xo noMeHbme CTajno. 

H BUTHHyjiCii nepeAo MHot^ cjiobho CTpyna. 

— Hy HTO? — CnpOCHJTB. 

— Aa fl H roBopH), HTO TU noxoarb na MapHHOBaHHyH) ce- 
JieAKy. 

— OijEHqHo! — BocMHKHyjii *3aeKT>.— BHaemfc— ii noft^y bi 
KttoyHuL. 

SI aacxi^Anoi. 

— ^TO TU? — xyAoe aro peMecjEO, no TBoeny? 

H, xjionnyBik pyKaMH no 6eApairb, osrb noAnpurHyjrb BBepxi, 
jiOBRo nepeKyBupeyjiCH b^ BOSAyxi, Kasi Komna, h ynaji'b na 
HeTBepeHRH. 

— SnaeniB, — CRasajn ohi, sl vbxb HSi-sa btofo nysana TaRi 

BUTHHyJlCfl, — OITB RBBHyjIl FOJIOBOft Bl CTOpOHy IleTpyCil, ROTO- 

puft oCbikhobohho npocunajiCH paHbme scixi) h 016011 ocMaTpH- 
saTB ropmRH, vh HaA^aRA^ HafiTH Bqepamnie ocTaTRH. 

— noRa HAem bii mKOjiy — npoAOJisajn ^^MKhy TaRi oh'b 
BCK) Aopory Hoen, ^to rojioAefli. Borb h npHxoAHiCfl OTAftTb 
evy nojiOBEHy Hoero xjiifia, TOJibRO 6li 3aM0JiqaAi. 

— Hy-y?— cnpocHjn n HeAOBipqHBO, qyBCTaya, mo mh4, no- 
sajnyfi, He p'imHTbCH 6u aa TaRoe repotcTBo. 

— Efi Bory ace!— nocn'iniHO no6osHjicfl $9JieRi, xpecHyBi, 
EaRi BcerAa, Ryjianoirb no xyAofi, cjiobho n^enRa, rpyAn. 

H, rjiBAfl na IleTpycfl, ROTopuft Ha cbohxi> ropotrhxi, spH* 
Buxi Horaxi cb 6ojibinHM'b, paaAyxuii'b orb RapTomRH shbotomI), 
mapHKoiTb RaTajiCH no ROHHaxi^, mu 06a to^ho cyMacmeAmio 
npucHyjiH HeyAepasHMUMi> CH&LOirb. 

— ^ero bto bm Tan-b, najibi^Bi, xaRi xoxoqexe^— cnpocHJia 
MaTb cjra6uirb rojiocoirb. 

— ^a Haffb IleTpyceirb — otb^^thjii $9jieBi», — bbhib, ohtb na- 

EOft TOJICTLlft... 

— KaROft Offb TOJiCTBifi, 6i&AHflral Ci qero OMy h TOJiCTbun» 
Cbitb!— CRasajia waTb. — IleTpycb! — npH6aBHJia ona.— HAH-na kl 
Mairb, CHpoTRa. 

E OHa yj[bi6ajiacb eiiy, naAA ero no roJuoBil, a mu qb bto 
BpeuH HaApuBajnicb orbcuixa... 

CROpo/ OAHaRO, nama necejocTb 6ujl2l OMpaqena. 

— Snaemb, AnyjibRal— CRasajii Fb Torb a^hb OTeqib, ca^HCb 



HAniA KJIfl^A. 65 

Ha MaTepHHy RpoBan. — HpHjeTM, bh^ho, Hamy MHiy no Jiio- 
AHiTb nycTHTB.— KjiHqy?.. BocKjiHRHyjia MaTb noAHJiBniHCB Jiaase 
Ha nocTejiH.— no6oficii Bora, $Hj[Hnin>l ^a b^a^ ona bc'6x'b Haei» 
KOpufint.. 

OreiTb, THacejio onnpaiiCL aa pyKy, MOJi^a Tepe6irjn> ycH. 

— KopMHTB H He EOpMHTbl — npOHSHCCb OHl HeMHOFO CUyCTH.— 

Ob €KaTeacoHi> *) na piKy h He Aynaft aoKasuBaxbCH. Ci saM- 
HeiTb xenepb HHKaKoft pa6oTU nirby necKy To»ce H^eTb ne Bon> 
BtcTb cKOJibKO, Ha chjlh^ 611, noacajiyfly h pasnecb ero, a Tyrb 
BCAKia AeHb cojioMU Eynn, Aa h 0Tpy6eft xoTb ropCTo^Ky, no- 
TOHy qxo oBca ona n ne bhahtb; TenepB noii'bn^eHiey noACTHjisa, 
a B'hAi> Bce Aoporo. 

Maib TOjofbEO npocTonajia. 

Mbi o6MepjiH, cjiymafl. Ilexpycb BbiTapaiiiHJii'b na OTKa rjiasa 
V poTb pacKpuai; h toiho ORaMeHij(n>. 

HaKOHei^B ^dJieKB BCTpenenyjiCH: laKb Mena vb 6oKb nonoT- 
TOBajii), vto y iieHH bt> roiasaxB noTeMffJlJio. 

— GjiumHinbTU, BHii;eBfb!— KpHRHyjiBOHi»iiH'& BBcaMoe yxo. 

— He rjsyxoA h— pHBsnyjrb a euj bb yxo eqe rpouqe. H 

ceB^acb mu bucko^hjih h% cinny noTOMy ito Haci oxBaxHJia 
xaKaH acajaocTb, qxo nnopy tojibko noApaTbCH. 

RjiHqy Mu jik)6hjih fiesrpaHH^HO. GROJibKo Mory saHOMHHTB, 
BcerAa 6ejjih oTeAB, iiaxb h Kjinqa. ^^ajibRa tojubeo hotomii ancTEi 
npHHecjiB, neipycfl Toace; a Rjinqa npBHaAJiesajia Kb qncjiy xftx'b 
cymecTB-b, ROTopBiH cymecTByioTb BcerAa. CymecTByrorb noroMy, 
qxo cyn^ecTByioTb. Si. ce6i npHMo BOo6pa8HTb ne Morb hh Ha- 
qajia efl, hh ROHi^a. 

KjiHqa npHHaAJieHcajia HaMi, a hu eft; hh mu otb nen, hh 
ona ovb Hacb He Morjia yftxH. 8to 6ujiio xaRi npocTO, hto a h ho 
HOHBMajiB coBepmeHHo Apyroro nopaAKa Ben^efi. Vxi hto yroAHO 
Morb 6u 6biTb HCRjiK)«ieHi> H3i namero RpyiRRa, TojibRo ne nama 
Rji^qa. ^a, BiA^} ona 6Bijia Bce Hame yrbmeHie. 

KoFAa oxeij^'b BosBpaiqaJicji cb p'bRn aomoA, hu Bu6irajin Ha 
HojiAopore, jiiHnib-6bi nocRopie yBHA'i^Tb Rjinqy. 9to y Roro 
tiujio, MBI HecjiH eft H coBajiH Bi HopAy, RycoRi>-jiH xjri6a, Rap- 
ToioKy, HaflAOHHyio-jiH na ABopi JiHHOHHyio Ropny... 

H RjiHqa nacb o^enb jiioGjsab,. HsAajnH y«e psaja ona, 
yBHAH HacB, H ycROpBjia marb, paAOCTHo nacTopasHBaH ymn; 
ROFAa MU xjDiouajiH ee no mei, no 6oKaMii, ona oTjiaqno hohh- 
Majoa 8TH jiacRH h, CB'ficHB'b CBOEo T^HejiyH) MopAy, xBaxajia Haci> 
sa BOJiocBi, aa oAescAy* Ilerpycb 6ujrb oco6eHflbiM'b en jih>6hm- 
iieMi>; ona npocTO psajia na OTi^a, qiofiu Torb BSHji'b eio Cb 
C060S. 



*) tEaTes'b> — cbto hsi seaiSHofi npoBOJiORir na AflHHHOft sep;^, ynoTpeO* 
Jiaeisoe npa a ^ HBaaiH KpynBaro necKy. 

;« 12. otxIj-b t. 5 



66. pyccROB fiorATCTfiO. 

KoFAS 0T6i^> Buapflru'B, Torsa-To HaHHHajiocB sacTOHiqee bo- 
cejiBe. ^MeKh ceftqacb scKaKHBajTb sa en KocTjuHByH) cnHHf , o(5o- 
ApauHyK) CTapuiTb xoifyTOin> h, wh to BpeMAEaRi KJiaqa norpy- 
auua CBOK) orpoMHyH) Hop^y 3*5 npBBAsaHHBit icb en mei lA- 
moKb CB njioxHirb EopMOii'b, ohi, CTaBi na oaho KOJiiHo hjih ctoh 
Ha OAHOft Horj^, iiaxajii> mansoft a Kpa^ajrb: 

— BoTb SHaueHBTuft %8]K.ofn» HSi noABaja, BOToparo eoqe 
HHKaKan G^jubl ae nyrajial IXposuBaeTca $9Ji6Kb Moctobabi, 
rep(h» ero — yxsarb a cairb aapeaB XBarbl Kto aactb 6ojn>ine?.. 

Ha 9T0 cKto AftCiTb 6ojn»nie» hu noAaaMajia TaKoft raicb, 
^To ButfirajTb Hapo;(b asi ^Jiarejia. 

nocjA $8j[bEa Eapa6KajiCH aa KJi^ny HeipycB; aaai eae jAa- 
BajiocB aoAcaSBTB ero, la^b KaKB Bcerxa aepeBimaBajTb shbotb. 
Mu TopsecTBeaao aoxajia no ABopy lufliy Cb IleTpyceui), ae Aft- 
Baa ei cnoKoflao noicTB sopay, a idJiBKb caoaa, noaaxaaaa 
manKofl, opajni*: 

— A BOTB IleTpycB, rep6i» ero nysBipB. Ha aeai ab^ sa* 
QjiaTU a BOceHB Aupi>. flfij^'h 3y6oBi> cnepeAa ae xBaiaerB, a 
caai> aa jummt pudiJissaerB!.. Kto a&ctb 6ojiBine?.. 

OTKyAa owb dio CBoe cbio amtb 6ojiBine> nosaaacTBOBajn, a 
aaaoFAa ae HorB OTraAaTB; cbmb $aaeBi» yTBepsA&Ji'b, ^to sto 
TaiTB yasi, oabo ki Apyroay baotb. Mu caoaa paspaacajiacB ax- 
CKaai raaoHi), Kasi 6yAT0*Ha(rB 6bijdlo ae Tpoe, a qejBioBi^Ki TpaA- 
i^aTB... 

— nocMOTpBTe-aa, jnfOAa,— roBopajia, ctoh vb ABepaxi, toje- 
CTaa juaBoqaai^a,— '^ero tojibko ae BUAyMaioTB 6ecTia MocTaEO- 
BBi MajiBqamBH cb aoCuAoft? ^ectbih oSesBaau b8i> SB^^paai^aL. 

H oaa TpacjiacB, noaaTUBaacB co caixy, TaKi> mo ea rjiasa 
coBd^ai npaiajiacB vb sapaoui Jiaui. 

— Oxi, xayToai 6U, KayTOMi!— TapaTopajia oaa, o6pan{aacB 
Kb OTi^y, ajm: ccBasy aaTepa>, ajia ccBasy Ejia^iii. Ei no- 
cjiiffLBt yrposi loi otbocbjubcb ohobb cepBoaaO; a qacTO Ile- 
TpycK) nepeaaAftJii» Jiamaift aycoKB^ bi> oco6eaaocTa orB $aj[BEa, 
tojibko 6u cae roBopajii Kjiiaqi». 

Mu ae Moraa aepeaocaTB, ecjia oaa rjiaA^Jia aa aaci cb 
rpycTBK) OAaaHi> CBoaai> rjnasoMi, bi> to Bpeaa, EasB aa Apy- 
roa:B, cjid^aoai a nofiiatBaieaii, — aiEO cb c^A^iut pd^aBi^aaa 
noAaaaajiocB a onycaajiocB aeAJneaao, aaEi 6u cb yapeEoai... 

— GjiumB, BaitdEb!— roBopajii) $dJieEi». — y aameft EJiana 
ecTB vb dToai) FJiady hto-to Taaoe apoasaTeji^aoe. Ho ubA 
jiyHme 6u yacB OTei^ cbisAaji'B peaaeai, niai EorAa oaa Tasi 
TjaAarB. Bi caayio Te6i Ay my sarjiaAUBaeTB... 

Mu qaCTHJiB Ejuiny Bcaaift a^hb, ho aa pasy a^^o ho 060- 
nuiocB 6681) Apaaa asi-sa n^eTEa a cEpefiaai^Bi. CEOJiBEoau Tor- 
Aa y aea mepcTa aaApajial KaKi rpaay sanyTajial Kjna^a, OAaaEO, 
Tepn'bJiaBO cioajia, npantypaBi SAopoBuft rjiaB'bjH tojibeo speaa 



HAinA Ufl^A. 67 

orb BP6M6HH MaXSUUl piXKHlTb XEtOCTOlTb, KaKIr6£I OTMaXHBaiiCb 

on Myrb. 

BcKopi nocjri IlaczH HaqHHajiocb Kynanie kjuiu. Bosa tibijia 
eniie xojuoxHa, KaKi jieA^, a mh noxBepHeirb mTaHu h— bi> p^Ky. 
KaBoe dTo fiujio Tpiyif|»ajibHoe mecTBie! Majib^uniKH co Bcet 
yjiHi^u yBHSuaajiHCb sa HaHs, ho mu OTroHHjiH hxi> KHyroirb. 

Hy H otijiifBajiH ace uu juimj boaoA, pacrnpajiH et hofh 
H 6oKa^ HacBHCTbiBaH, KBkKb BTo fftjiajTb oToi^b. GaMoe 6ojtbmo6 
HecqacTie Cub^ljlo Torxa, Korxa Ejinna, sejian ocBo6oAHTbCfl on 
Hacb R Hamero none^OHiH, mjia vb BOAy mara Ha ABa A^JiBnie. 

— FTOHen! yTonen! — opajrb fleipycb h, aecb chh^h, npn- 
ciAajTb jcb BeiuA, nepmach o6iHHH pysaMs sa CBOft co6cTBeH- 
Hiit acHBon. ToFAa mu nycKajracb sa neft vh hofohh) h THHyjra 
sa XBocn Kb 6epery, nocjii nero — KJinna BnepeAH, a mu sa net, 
npoApormie h uoKpiie, cjiobho yTonjieHHHKH, BOSBpaqajiHCb AOMoft. 

H ary-To Hamy jm6EMEu,^ RjiAqy OTem co6HpajicH npoAan? 
3to no HameHy pasyir&HiK) (SbiJto q!6irB-T0 vb poA^ CB^Tonpe- 
ctaBjieHiii. 

' Ceflqacb nodTOHy buckohhbi vb ciHH, a saixajrb idjoxj vb 
yxo, OHi MHi HaoTMamb vb cnsHy, a hoh^tho ne ycTynnjrb, 
XBaTHjTb ero Tose no JnonaTirb, 6wb mchh RyjuaROM'b bi 6oEib 
ABHHyjii rd^Kby ^to y hchh HCKpuiisii rjasi nocunajiHCb. Uocjii 
dToro M£i o6a cxBarajiH Apyrb Apyra sa bojiocu h Ejiy6B0]n> no- 
KaTHJiHCb BiricTi iTb nopory. H TaKan vb nacb sajocn 6uj[a, 
TaEoe rope HSi>-sa siofl sajiocTH, hto hh oahhii ho HSAajrb hh 
BByKa, He nHKnyjrb juBLxe. 

Ilocjii APAKH Hairb CTajio Jierqe na cepAA'i. 

Mu yse BepnyjiRCb wb KOMHaTy, noToiiy qxo xojioA'b npo- 
rnajn nacb cb yjEHi^u, a oieai Bce en^e y6isAaJt'b naib: 

— Tenepb eqe mosho BS^n sa nee KaKin hh na ecn AOHb- 
rn, a KaEi noxyA^ben, noTOHy h h Kopny y6aBjijiH); to kto so 
Aacn sa nee qT0-HH6yAb) Hy, Kairb-se AnyjibKa? Rairb no tbo- 
eiiy, HHjiaB? ' 

Man TAsejio BSAoxHyjia. i 

— ^a HTO-asi Moacen 6Bin no HoeMy, $HjiHnni>?.. IIo mo- 
eny, Borb rnacejio HaEcasajn Hacb SToft 6ojiribsHbK). IIo Hoeiiy, h 
Te6i KaMHetfb na met crajia h ko Any Te6ii Tuny... CHpo- 
xaxi AyRAH)... 

Ona saRpuja rjiasa pyRaHH h rpoHRo sapbiAajia. Oieit'b i^- 
JiOBaji'b ea rojioBy. 

— AHyjibRa!..MHjiaH!.. AnyjibRa!,.— noBTopflJii ohi, Aa BApyn 
H caMi sapeB^Jii. 

— 9opn BOSbMHl.. — npoBopqajTb sa mhoA $9JieRi», yxHpafl 
cjiesBi RyjiaKOMi. 

Ilpomjio H'bcROJibRo AHeft, ho o npoAas'6 RJinqn He 6ujio h 
p:bqH. Maiepn cTanoBBjiocb Bce xyse. Eh THsejinfi^ xpHnjiuft 

5* 



68 PyCCKOB BOFATCTBO. 

KamejiB ?acTo 6yAHjn» Hacb no HO^LaHi* orb KptoKaro x^TCKara 
CHa. He paai) ona sacuiiajia ahcmt* h, Hecuorpa sa to, ^to aa 
yjLHi](i BApyPB CAtjiajiocb TeajEro, jiaxopaAsa xpncjia ee xaKi, qio 
TOJiBKO 8j6u CTjHajiH. Oiei;!* KaiTb 6yAT0 cpasy j'firB Ha a6chtb 
nocTapiai h xoahjii no KonnaTi^ crop5jiieaBu&, sejTuft secb, k 
H3i sa BCHKaro nycTHKa Hairb ciajio orb nero nonaAarb, sa bch- 
idft nycTAKi njiaTHJiECb nainH bojocu. ToabKO mu ciapajiifCB 
He oqeHb to nonaAaTbc^ Ha rjiasa, a 6ojibine npoBOA^^JiH BpoMH 

Bl KOHiOmHi. 

Ob Tin nopi, Kasii nairb CTajia rpodOTb onacHOcxb no- 
TepATb KJia^y, nocji'^AHHa CTajia sjih Haci> en^e baboo Aopoace. 
Mh yHHJiHjiHCb Tenepb npn BCflsoirb ea ^upicaHiH, nps bchkomb 
ABHseHiH ea XBOCTa. 

— Bo... icTbl — BOCRJiai]^aji'b nerpycb, Cb BOCXHcqeHieirb sa- 
rxBA'i&BniHCB na nee, sorAa ona onycKaoia cbok) 6ojibaiyK> HopAy 
Bb acjiH H, noAHBBi ee, sesajia nycTyio cojiony, ntypa SAopo- 

— Bo... nbeTb!— KpH^ajii) ohi, KorAa ona BCOBbiBajia cbok> 
MopAy Bi> CTapoe BOAepso, qTo6bi pasi-Apyrofi rjiOTyHTb boau, 

KOTOpyH) HBI eft C06CTBeHH0pyiH0 npHHOCHJIil. 

Mu ci> ^dJibKOJTb caAHJiHCb no o6'&hmii CTopoHairb en na 
acjuixb H, pasiiaxHBafl HoranH, no i^ijibiirb qacanit cjiijijija da 
BCAEEirb ea ABHseHieMi. 

Aaa(6 KapTomsy, EOTopyio Tenepb naini KasAuft A^Hb nps- 

XOAHJlOCb iCTb Bl nOCTHOlTb BHA'ft, Mbl npHHOCHJH CH)Aa, qT06u 

o6i^AftTb BMicri Cb oHqefl, xoxa noA'fiJiHTbCH cb nefl fiujio ne- 
qiMi>, noTOMy ^to HaMi* caMBirb EasTb-TO Bce HOHbrne AOCTaaa- 
jiocb. J}|a H Becejrfie nairb 6ujio Bb KOHEomai, qtui bi KOMHarb, 
noTOMy qTO cojoLEi^e cb'^tbjio npano bi sy^bi qpe3i> Hacresi pac- 
KpuTjio ffie^hj a wh noABaji'b, a& 60(6 vb Haini» yrojii, oho ho 
sarjiaAbiBajio bo Becb roA^b. 

— Jl^a TyTi> xojDLOAHo y Bacx!— roBopairb rocnoAHH^AOKTopii, 
saxoAfl K'b MaTopH.— H cupo yscacHo! Bairb 6u naAO nocTapaTb- 
CH Ha-cqerb cyxoft h renjioft KOHnaTu hjlb schbi, — npeCaBJiiiAii 
OHi, EOFAa OTeiTb npoBosaai'b ero vh c:6hh,— Bamei aseui ne 
cJiiAyerb jiesaTb bi TaEofl EOMHaTi. HeBOSMoacHuft BOSAyxi, 
rHajioft. Hi^rb aa aeaTajiHiiiB, aa catra. HaAO ace Baai) wh ca- 
uoirb A^'6 no3a6oTaTbca o sean^aa'b, pasi oua 6oJibaa. £B ace 
xyase, Aa a AOJiacao 6uTb xyace npa Tasaxii ycJiOBiaxi. 

Oxei^'b Eycajii yci^i a aojuqajii, CBicaBi rojioay. 

— Mojioaa efi Tose aaAO CBtsaro, aaca, Bnaa pioMEy a3- 
p^AKa... Tyrb jieaapcTaa aaqero ae noaoryrb, Tyrb ayacaa na- 
TaTejibaaa Ai^xa. 

Oai yme ymeji'b, yace bt* Apyryio yJIa^y nosepayji'b, noToay 
qTo a rjiaA'feJi'b eay Bca4Ai>, a otoj^i ace en^e cxoaji'b Kb ctaaxi* 
noaicH aocb, a aycajii* ycu. 



HAmA KJ[fl^A. 69 

B|[pyn owb sameBejiHJiCH, pBaHyjii) Ha rpyjiH py6axy, paso- 
pBajii u'bmeqeKb ci> €niKanjie»eirb> *), jiflcrajvb OTTy^a cepe6- 
pflHyH) Moaefy c^ BoasBeft Maiepbio h nocjiajii iieHH sa yrjiH- 
VB H MOJioKoirb, npHKasaBi) He roBopniB MaTepe, hto h Kairb. 

Ha cjoi^Ayion^iB jienB, wh noju^eHB, hu ysce totobejehcb Kb 
npeACTaB^eHiio, h ^dJieicB yace Kapafisajicfl na Ejiaqy, Kaicb B^pyrB 
BxoABTb vb KOHioiuHH) oieicb, a sa HHHi rocHOABH'b JlyRami 
Gmojihri, KpecTHUH namero IleTpycii, hsbosihri h3% IIparH. 
MHt ceft^acb noKasajnocB ^to-to oco6eHHoe, rosKnjjvh h nodTony 

$3JIBKa H HBI 06a npHTHXJIH. 

rocnoAHHi JlyKami), nepecTynHBi noporb, nociaBBjii bi yrojiB 

CBOJI BHyn, BBICMOpRaJIC^, CynyBB CBOfl drpOMHUft KOCTJIHBllft 

HOCb Bi DOjiy CHH^ro xajiaTa h BBiTBHyBi AJiHHHyH), xyjiyK) meio, 
ueAJneHHO ]ioHK)xajii> Ta6aKy. 9to ^ujtb cxapHRi BucoKaro pocTa 
H CHJLBHO crop6jieHHBift, qepHBi6 rjiasa npoHnn;aTejiBHo CMOipira 
iisi noAB MOXHarux'B 6poBe&, BBipocmnx'B ota^jibhbimh KycTHica- 
HH. noA'B ero KOCTjiABUMi) HOCOM'B Top^ajiH mejiTBie, KaKB y ca- 
nepa, ycu, BOTopuiiH, Kor^a nioxaji'B Ta6aEB, oh'b jBHrajTB, xaBB 
KpojiBKB. Hsi noAi> 6ojiBmoft CHHeft manKn BurjiAABiBaJiH chhIh, 
oBpocmifl eijoLOBaTHiTB nymEoiTB ymn, na npaBOMi» hsi Hnxi» 6i6- 
cri^jia cepe6p^HaH cepeasKa. E^ Ham Tocnowwb JlysanrB sa- 

rJDIAHBajDl'B p^AKOy XOTH npHXOAHJICH HaiTB KyMOMB; HaxB roBopHJia 

HeiTB, HTO 0H^ cKpjira, Ha A^HBraxB chahtb; a HHorAa npeA- 
CKaauBajia, mo owb oiEaserb Bce IleTpycK), Tasl KaKB 611^11 

6e3A'£THUH'B BAOBH^OITB. 

KorAa HBi, BApyPB OHiHiffB, ocMaipHBajiH rocnoAHHa Jlysainay 
oreuii— OBB K&Kb 6yAT0 ne BHA'^Ji'b nacB — nomejrB npflMO eb 
AC^BWby OTBHsaji'B KJi^qy H xjioHHyjiB jiaAOHBK) no en saAy. 

— Hy, ciapafl! — saKpaqajTB ohb, noBopa^HBa^ ee iiopAoft kb 
CBixy. 

KjfHqa saiRuypHjia CBOfl sAopoBuff oasB, a cjiinuriiB, niHpo- 
Ro pacKpBiTUMB FJiHA'bjia, EasajiocB, KyAa-To AajreEO, A&^eKo... 

rocnoAHHB JlyEamB, Aep^a y Hoca n^enoiEy Ta6aKy, naqajiB 
CJraAKO yjiii6aTBCii h, uepeEOCHBi roJiOBy, cmotp'^jtb na sjuiqy to 
cjiiBa^ TO cnpasa. 

— Xe!.. xe!,. xeL. ^o ace tm, EynaneEB, npoAaTB xoqemB? 

IIlKypy HJDLH EOCTH? 

(>reirB xHypo BsrjiJiHyjii HcnoAJio6Bfl, h yen y Hero hoahh- 
jmeB, ho ohb nporjiOTHjii tojibeo cjifony h eEasajiB: 

— Ulsypa H eocte 3apa6oTaH)rb y nacB, EyHB, na mhco. 
T0JIBEP-6B1 OTXOAHTBCfl eft Ha OBci, TasB 6yAeTB spypjiaa, EasB 
numEa. 

— AxB, qroCBTeCn, EyManeEi!..— paaciiiHjic^ oh^tb rocno- 



*) «IIlKanj!esi»>-^(KycoveB'b naTopiH) hocatb sioah, npEHa^^esan^e £% 
■BB^CTHaro poxa AyxoBHOHy dpaxcTBy. 



70 PyCGKOE BOFATCTBO. 

ABHii JlyRanTb. — Otxoahtch! PtxoahtcaI Jifi, b^ab OBeci>-To ao- 
porB TenepB, EcyMaHesii. IlHTb siOTux'b ^eTBeptoiKa, KyHaHeKbt 
H c^Ho Aoporo Tose. t 

— ^a, Aoporo^csasajTb cnoRoftHO oiei^, ho si BHAin, KaKi 
y Hero darop'bjiHCB uasa. 

— Horyl A, Hy!— KpHKHyjTb okb h yAapHjTb KjiOTy, nepecry- 
HHBmyio nocrpoMSH. 

— Zel.. xel.. xel — e^e cjian^aBie dacMtiuiCH rocnoAHHi J[y* 
sani'B. — Aa^ h Bnsy, y hcb h koji^ho icaieHBKo npenyzjio. 

— jsi^a, npHnyxjioI — OTBirajTb KopoTKO h cyxo otoi^b. 

fl A6pHyjn> ^dJiBKa sa pyKaBi, Tan Kairb no Moeny tieso- 
nacHi&e 6ujio A^psaTBCH no6jiH2Re Kb ABepn, ho ohi» orrojKHyjrb 
TOJDLBRO uena JOKxeirB h cmotp^jii, mapoKo pacKpuffB rjtasa, to 
Ha (yiujBLy TO Ha focth. 

— y-y-y— coCaiBH onyxojiB... — roBopHii» neaAy rtM* rocno- 
AHHi JlyKaniB, BBicOBBiBaa CBOfi xyAoft o6pocaiift CHHsy noA^opo- 
AOKi, H8i> noAii aecejiTaro mepcTHHoro njiaTKa. — y-y-y... ony- 
xojibI..— H Ha^ajTB qiiOKaxB ry6aHH. He npoftAOTB yaci ona y Hea, 
h^^tbI— npHtfaBHjTB OHB, BTHHyB% noHB)inKy Ta6aKy h KHsaA 
roJOBOft. 

y OTiia ycBi noAHHiiajiHCB Bce BBime, noica ohi, naKOHeqB, ne 
OTAepnyjii hxi pyKoft bhh31>. 

— Jl^a, H fiaiTB, KyiTB, BOBce h ne xoqy Bcy^sTBl— CKasai'B 

OHli, OflAH Vh SeiUUO. — jinB HCHH OHa H Cb TaSHlTB K0Jr6HO]rB 

xoponia! Ka6u ne Cojii^SHB 6a6£i, a HaaipHoe ne 0TAaxB-6u hh- 
ROMy Rotiujiul Oea, b^ab, RopKHjuHi^a nama.*. 

FocnoAHHi JlyRami) uojiqa narnyjicfl, ynepcji pyRanH bi ro- 
ji'6hh h CTajTB ocMaTpHBaTB Hora y rju^ih. 

— Ona MoseTB xponaerB?.. XeL. xel.. xel.. — sacMtfljica oh'b 

BOnpOCBTeJIBHO. 

— XpoMaoTB? 3Ta Ro6ujia xpoMaerBl— BOCRjiERHyjTB oxei^ 
H BecB sanBuiaji), RaKB vh omi. — IlycTB mohh Eofb naRaserB, 
ecjiH ona xpoMaeTi>l IIoKasH, RyirB... Fa^ ona xpoiiaerB? 

— Hyl.. ny!..— cjiaARO yjoutiajica rocnoAHHi JLyRanrB,— Aa> 
B^AB B TOJiBRo ciipauiBBaK), HOTOMy HORynaeniB jiomaAB Bce oaho, 
HTO acenniDBCfl: ^ero ne Aorji^AHniB rjiasoifL, sa to nonjiaxHinB- 
cn RapHaHOMi... 

— 9 He MOineHHHRb! — cRasajii nopuBHCTO OTei^i, h ero py- 
KH da6'&rajiH. — 9 Ahrofo ne xoiy npoBecTn! ?to npaBAa, CRasy, 
jTTaib He 6yAy- 

— ?T0 ona?.. cjfinaA?— cnpocHjiB, BApyn B£inp)iiuiHH<^B, ro- 
^noAHHi JlyKami) h, pasABHHyBi najtbuaHH noMepTB'iBmifl b'6rh 
RjiiiqH, noraflA^Ji'^ b6jih3h na eii rjiasi*. 

$dJieRi) HomeBejiHJiCH h, nepecTyuHB'B cb hof? na Hory, TaRi 
60JIBHO yn^HHHyjTB MeHA, ^to h nyTB ne saRpH^ajii. 

^ Cdliliafl, — OTBiTHJll yAQBHTejLBHO CnOROftHBIlTB FOJIOCOICB 



HAHiA JuiaruL. 71 

meisiby xoTH ycBi y Hero onan naesHJiHCB.— Ha jiiBhiA oan 
OHa cjnina. TaKOft yasi a ee KynnjE'b. He y MeHH oaa ocjiinjia. 

— Xel.. xe!.. xel.. — ejiaftKo pascMi^jicfl rocaoAaH3> Jlysam'B h 
CHOBa nojLin vb KapMaHi> sa Ta6aK0irb. 

— Tara H roBopH, KyuaHeqeRfb! — GjdftnaA!.. y-y-y... cjiiao- 
Ta HacTo^maaL. y-y-yl.. 

Owb OTpaxHyjTB najiBi]^£i H cnp^TajFb TatianepKy. 
^ KojiH OHa cjriiiaa— CKasajDLi Offb, noTHHyBi»Hocoirb,— TaKi 
wo OHflTB A^jio Apyroe, h pasroBopb xpyroft... 
Ho JiHi^y OTua nponejiBKHyjia BApyrb t^hb. 

— Easoft TaKoft Apyroft pasrosop^B 6yAeTB? — CRasajTB ohiv, 
H^CKOJiBRo nopBiBHCTBiiTB FOJEOcoMi. — CjinaH, TaiTB cji^nafll 
Tbi, b^ab, KyiTB, rpanoTi ee yqsTB He 6yxeaiB, bi» mnojiy He 
CTaneinB nocBijiaTB. H Te6i, KyirB, cicaaBy, qio Apyran cjiinaH 
Kjurqa nojiyqine jublxb sp^qeft. A ora iu)6um TaKaa pa6oTflniaH, 
HTO fl CB poAy He BHAiuTb Apyrofi xaKoi patioTHHmu. 

— Hyl.« Hy!.«— cjiaAKo cir&Hjicfl rocnoAHHi JEyicanrB. — Tbohmh 
6Biy KyMii, ycTaMH, Aa MeAB hhtb. En^e, nosajiyft, noBipHniB Te- 
<S%, qro TBOH cJiinaH luraqa Jiyqine Bcixi 6yAeTB. 

— JLyqine, ne Jiyqinel A qxo h He BHAiJii ko6ujd[£I Tanoft 
padoTflH^eft, TaKi ne bha&tb. BipB, ne BiftpB, h BpaxB ne CTany, 

H KaTOJIBEB. 

Orei^'B roBopHjuMeAxeHHO, CAepHaHH0,H0 rojsoci ero KHn&n. 

BApyrB, KaiTB 6yAT0 tojibro xenepB yBHAiBi nacB, ovb cxna- 

THJTB 4^jiBKa sa iDHBopoTB H, TOJiKHyBi ero KB ABepH, saspHqajcB: 

— YtinpafiTecB bu oxctoAa, qepxeHHTa... 

MbI KaKB Bi^iepi* B£Uiei4jIH HSTB KOHH>inHH H Bi^xpoifB BJie- 

vksE vb KOMHary. 

HeMHoro noroAH, BomejTB oiem, yse coBepmeHHo ycnoKOHB- 
mncB BMicTi cb rocnoABHOHB JlyKameirB, Tan Kan He foahtca, 
npoAaBan CKOXHHy, ToproBaiBCH nnaqe, xaKB b'b KOMHarb, Aona; 
TOJIBRO i^urane ne cotfjiiOAaioTB sroro. TyTB ohh naqajin Apyr£ 
Apyry noAaBaxB pyny, rocnoAHHii JlyEanrB qepe3i» nojiy CBoero 
HBBOsn^HqBHro xajiaxa, oxei^ qepesi* CBoft cfopiyKB, Koxoparo 
ocTaTKH xojiBKO AopsajiHCB Ha ero njieqaxx. 

— Bhahtb BorB,— cKa3ajii> oxeit-B, — qio h qysoMy hh sa 
KaKiii AeHBTH He npoAajKi-tfu Bxoft ko6uji£i. TenepB snaK), no 
KpaflHefl uipbj qxo ona bi xopomin pyKH haotb. 

— Xe!.. xe!.< xel.. — cm^hjich tochoahfb JyKami,— no KyiioB- 
cxBy, SHaqHTi! Ho KynoBCXBy! He otinasy a es... A bi» cjiyqai, 
qero ho jifiA Bofb, — xyxi ohi> yKasajii roJiOBoft na naxB, koxo- 
paH, Kdjeb HepxBaHy jiesajia (tb saKpBixuMH rjiasaHH, — ny, xaKB— 
cepAAe He KaMeHB,— no jipyx&b BUBesy AftpoirB... 

Oxei^i HHqero ne oxBixHJTB, tojibko noxynHjrB rjiasa ii saAep- 
raji'B ycBi, a MaxB sacxonajia, npocHyBmncB. Moxexii 6bi .b, A^ace 
OHa H He cuajia. 



72 PyCGEOE BOrATCTBO. 

KoFAa rocaoAHH'b Jlysami, corHyBmHCB B^ Tpa norEi6ojiH, bu- 

XOAHJH Cb 0TI^01il> RVh KOMHaiU, MU KHHJJIHCB 8a HHHH, ^T06hl 

c6!6raTB Kb Kjia^i. 

Ho OTei^ii BAp;n> noBepHyjECH. 

— H Hocy sa noporb ho chIxb BucoBUBaTBl — EpHKnyji'B oitb 

P^KO. — GflAHTe Vh KOMHaTl... 

E xjionHyjii> ABepbK). 

Mu CTOflJiH oropomeHHBie. Si rjEAA^JTB Ha $dJiBRa, a ohi Ha 
HOHir; rjiasa y Hero cianoBBJiHCB see 6ojKBind, see npospauie, 
ry6Bi H noA6opoAOEi» Aposajin, KaKi bx j[HXopaAir6; HaKOHei^i), 
owb BUHjicH o6iHiiE pyKaiiH vb CBOE BOJiocBi H sajiuacii ropbKBMH 
cjoLesaifH. 

HacTajio Tenepb xopomee Bpeii^. B-b KOMHaTi CTajio tohjio, 
nepecTaJiH pocxn rpH6Li no CTtHam, y JiaB0UHii;i)i mh BannJiH 
eme OAHH'b KOTOJioK'b noA'b Kamy. 

TojibKo 6681 KJHHH o^eHb yficb rpycTHO HaMi noEasajiocb; 
KaEb KT0HH6yAb H8i> Hacb BSFJiaHeiTb Ha KOHiomHio, TaKi> cei- 
^acb CJB168BI Ha rjrasa h HasepTbiBaioTCH. 

^a H cb MaiepbH) xojiKy ne fibiJio. 

— H CKopo yHpy, ^Hjinnnii...— roBopHjiaoHa laBfb TBXOHe^- 

KO, KBKh JlilHlft BiiepOKb.— Til ySb H6 TpaXbCH Ha MeHfl fiojibine. 

A TO BApyrb, HH c^ xoro, he cb cero ona na^HHajia no 
npanji^xbc^; npocHJia nHBi^a efi noAorpixb, hjih MOJioKa ci> iiac- 
jiOMii, a caHa IlexpycA HUJia, lecajia; xorAa ona pascKasuBajia 
HaHb, Kaicb 3X0 ona sudAopoBJ^exi^ EaKi bi> ^encxoxoBy *) nofi- 
Aexi>, KaBi^ ona Ha(rb B08bM6Tb ci» co6o&, KaKifi mbi xain> 6aniHH 
yBHAHMi, Eocxejn, EaKi> 6yAyxi> nrpaxb na opraHazii. M xaicb 
xorAa pasropajiocb eii jhhi^o, a rjiasa cb^&xhjihcb, KaKi rHHjyuiKa 
Bi> TCMHOxi. 3x0 6BiBaj[0 o6uKHOheH^o BeqepoHi. 

Ho JiHoib xoju>KO nacxaBajio yxpo, ona Jieacajia njiacxoirb, 
Ksusb noKofiHHita, ci> KaacAUHb ahchii bco CjiijifAe h npodpa^i- 
nie, CJiOBHo xyiiaHi. Hh rojioca vb neft, hh A^^aHifl; oxei^i 
BCKaKHBaexb, npnoaABiBaerb yxo ki> e^ ry6airb, upHKasbiBaerb 
HaMi npHXBxnyxb,— H cjKyniaexi>. Bbaoxhoxii BApyrb rpoHKO, Kaffb 
6yAX0 caiTb oacnab, h noAHRMaex^ rjnasa irb qepflony pacnaxiEo, 
qxo naA'b KpoBaxbio bhchxi>. Ho pasi) Kasb-xo ne Aocjiymaacfl. 

Maxb noMepjia ho^bk), xaBi> thxo, ?xo hhkxo Aasce ne cjau-^ 
xaii. Hexpycb cnajLi> obojio neii bi> xy HO^b, h onrb ne cjiu- 
xajii. Bbiinjia h8i> nen AyiQOHO^Ka, Kasb napii; Aaase ne sajiono- 
xajKa, RaKi ^opo6efi, KorAa yjiexaexi. 

IIoxoMy, KOFAa oxeub, oxHHBb rojiOBy orb ea Bucoxmeft rpy- 
AH) KpHKHyju'b, qxo uaxb cEonqajiacb, mbi OKpyacHjiH cb 6ojib- 
mnii'b yABBJieHieMi> KpoBaxb, rjiHAa xo na nocHH^BniiA ry6u, xo 
na HexpycH, Koxopuft y en xoaoahuxi^ BUXHHyxbix'b nenoABHac- 



*) PopO^^'b Cb ^AOTBOpHOfi HKOHOfi EOHBOfi MaxepH. 



HAinA RjUI^A. 73 

HO Horb cnajii» Tenxufi, pyMAH&ift, noKpHTuft aa Ji6y soHijac- 
Huirb aoToiTb. EaKOBb Majiuni'b, — CMopib ero Jiomewb Asnajjia, 
a OHi HH^ero! 

Cefl'iac'b Bb Hamefi KOMHaifi hoaehjich fioumoft rsajm, na- 
fipajiocB coc:bAORi>, na^ajiH coaixoBaTB, Ka^aib rojOBaHH, bbau- 
xaxB^ a TaKb KaKb oxeqi vh TOTb aohb KamH a^a Haci> He sa- 
pHjii H Uexpycb OTb rojiOAy njtaKaji'b, to JiaBo^HHi^a BB^jia ero 
Kh ce6'6, A& H HaMi k^jls^ ho Cyjucft. 

— Bi^mh paaiuiua 6a6a!— ffleaHyjib ^ajieffb, noKiaoBajii y 
Hen Tyxb-se pyKy h, pasHamHcro pacuaHHBaacb, mapKHya'b 60- 
cofi Horofi. 

Becb aiorb A6Hb mh^ Bce Kasajiocb, qio kto-to meniexb naA'b 
yxoub: cHirb y^cb MaTepnl.. HOMepjia naxb*. H a BUXHpajii rjia- 
sa KfJiaKaiiH, noxoMy ixo mh^^ yacacHo xox^jiocb njiasaxb. 

HecMoxpH Ha 9x0, mu qyAecHO npoBejin Bocb A6Bb, noxony 
qro y nacii xaicaji rojiKoxHA uijia, kb^kb na OpAHHai;Koin> puHJci. 

CKOJIbKO SanOMHK), HHKOrAa a ho BHA'&a'b CXOJIbEO JDOAeft Vb 

HameHi noABajii; h BCHKift, npoxoAH mhmo Haci>, xo no ro- 
Msh HorjiaAaxb, xo noauurbexib, xo hocomi» noxAHexi*. 

Eme Bqepa hhkxo bo BceMb aoh^^ ne HasuBajTb Hacb HHa^e, 
KaKi mejionafljfH Hjm copBH-rojioBaHH; a xenepb, poBHO hmi rxo 
MeAOMi* ry6bi CMasajL'b: «CHpoxbi! Cflpoxo^KH £osbH!> 

A $djejrb xojibEO rojioby SHaft ce6d^ noACxaBjiHexi>, a^ rw 
saifH Hopraexb, a KaKb npofiAexi Kxo-HH6yAb, xojucaexb hshh. 

— BoTT> KOMeAiAl.*— meniexi u Bb casaxbixi Kyjiasaxb A'&- 
jiaerb ABa sAopoBuxi KyKHma, a ^suKb caiib y Hero sucoBUBaexca 
HSh-sa 3y6oBb, xoHKifi h ocxput, Kain> acajio. 

Oie^b HeacAy xiin>, KaK!b (SesyHHufl, xoahai> ho KOMHaxdl^; 
cxBaxiixi> Hxo-HB6yAb H OHflXb nojioJKHTb) xoxfl Bb Hameft nycxu- 
Hi H 6paxb xo, noiBxafly 6£iJio neqero. 

A 6a6£i Bce nainy HysAy pascHaxpHBaHxrb, Bce APyrb 
ApysKi qxo-xo Ha yxo menqyxb... fl AyMajii, wo n BOHAa 9x0- 
ny He 6yA6Xb HHKorAa, ho, naKoneij^b, pasomjiHCb, noxoHy wo 
o6iAi> y HHxi) BUlCHnd^^-6u nsi ropmKOBb. 

Ka6bi He axH juoackIh co6ojiii8HOBaHk, xasb loi 6£i h ne 
oqeHb qyBCXBOBajiH, mo uaxb nonepjia. Ci nojiroAft yace ona 
He HOAHHjfajiacb c^ nocxejiH Bb axoft 6ojii8HH, a Bb nocA'&AHee 
BpeicH xoqb Eb ton xaKi>-se xnxoneqKo Jiesajia na KpoBaxH. 
H xenepb, RorAa a TM^kjub na nee, hhI Kaaajoiocb, 1x0 HSb 
noA% vbKb ona BOAHXb rjiasaiiH sa Ilexpyceirb h yjiu6aexcfl Jie- 
roHe^KO H qyxb ne roBopnxb: cEaKoft owh xojicxufi, (iiAHHseq- 
Ka!> CoBc^Mi), Kasb h npescAe, xojibKo cb^hb ne ropiJiH xorAa 

OROJIO HOH. 

Orb Bxasb CBiqeft aa nee nanajia npoapaqHaH seatXHsna, ko- 
Topaa nyrajia Mena; a nonyBcxBOBajix xose, wo y nea pyRH 
coBC!6irb xojiOAHua, aoxAa OTei^i» Beaijrb aairb noi^&iOBaxb axi. 



7 4 PyCCKOE BOFATCTBO. 

Oruy, oAHako, bhaho, Teojio 6ujlo okojio Hea, noTOMj vro, 
Ha6'6raBinHCB bo bccb a^hl, to bx Rani^ejiflpiK), to Kb CToiflpairB, 
TO Hacqerb hoaboau, — bofa^ HapoAb padomejicfl^ ohi dkrb Ha 
CKaMefiBi y spoBaTH, nojioasHjrb roJiOBy na ryny h cmotp^jtb 
TO Ha qepHoe paco^Tle, BHciBmee HaA:b spoBaTBH) MaTepn, to na 
TeMHUA HMKH CH BaRpuTux'b ijias^. S. ycHyjii, a ohb BCO 6^6 
cn^s!b. Ho HoqBH) MeHH pastfyAHJio *THxoe puAftHi6. 

3to $9j[eKi>, KOTopBift BecB AeHB maTajiCA, nepeApasHRBaan h 

CHiflJICA HaAl» BCiMH, a MeHA TO H A^JIO TOJUCaJTb Bl tfOffb,— CH- 

A^JTb TonepB na cinHHsi) bi> pascTerayToft y BOpOTa py6ainiEt, 
o6H^jrB KOjriHH pyKaMH z, tjijiah bi» nycTyH) KOMnaTy, njiaKajTb. 

Ha TpoTift ffiHhy Mu en^e cnajiH noAi saTKoirb wb cd^Hsxi, 
EyAa Ham otoxtb Bearijui nepeTanpiTB c&hhhkb* To^ho ckbosb 
cowh a ycjiumajTb snaBOMoe pacanie. 

SL liuroMi bcro^hjtb; cepAi^e y mohh CTyqajio to^ho mojio- 

TOEB. 

Psanie nocjiuinajiocB CHOBa. 
. — ^dJieKblRjia^apserbl— KpHiajTb a, cxBaTHVberQsaiuieHo. 

Om BBipBajicH H noBepnyjicfl Ha Apyroft tioKi, ho RorAa paca- 
me nocjiBiQiajiocB ohatb, ohi> Toasa BCKoqHJFB^ yciJiCA na ctH- 
HHKi H, mnpoKO pacKpuBi rjiasa, crajiii c^ymaTB. 

npoTflKHoe THxoe psame hobtophjiocb oobtb. 

— KjUflqal— pHBKHyJTb ^dAOKB H, HaSHHyB'b Ha ce5H KypTKy, 
6pOCHJICH Rl> nOABaJIBHOft jriCTHHI^i^. 

H 'TopoHHjicji OA'fiTBCH, a pyRH y ueKfl TasB 6$raAH, hto h 
HHKaKb He MOFB HacacTB HE Ha OAHy nyroBHi^y. 

— - BcTasaft, 06TpycB!— BaKpfl^ajTB Bj — BCTasaft! EjiH^a nps- 
mjial.. 

H a TpHCB ero, Eas'b BAaaHKy cojiomu, TaEi Bani ero TpyA- 
HO 6ujio paB6yAHTB. 

^iflCTBHTejiBHo, y BopoTB, sanpiiaReHHafl bi npocryK), no- 
CTJiaHHyio ROBpHKOiTb, TOJiik'y, CTOiiJEa nama RJifl^a* Ha en mefi 
BHciJTb yse $3JieRi>, o6HHKb 66, nacBOJiBRO Morb AOcraTB: orojio 
TejiirH CTOAJTb rocaoAHHi JlyRami Gmojihri h noT?HBaj[i» ABop- 

HHRa TaCaROlTB. 

Mbi cefiqaci hoahujih HeonncaHHUft raMi. 

— KiiAqa! Hama Rji^qa! Hama Aoporaa, uHJiaH, ciapymKa,— 
BOCRjuHiiajiH Mu HOHOpeir&HHo, rjiBAH ee, Tpenjiii, npHSHnaJiCB 
iffb Heft, RTO Tjiib Morb. HexpycB HenpeMinno xoirbjix BCRapa6- 
i^aTBCfl Ha nee. 

— CxocKOBajiacB no Haci, Rjaia, a?.. HpHinjia irb nairb, 
Ejiaqa? 

— UpHmjia).. Xopoma^, Ao6pafl, CTapan Rju^a nama. 

H A&Baft rji^A^TB eft vb 8y6Bi, n^ynaTB e^ hofh, qecaTB nau- 
uflMv rpsBy. Hani) h vb rojiosy ne npBxoAHJio, 3aH'6in> Rjnqa 
npHmjia kb naicb, qero sAajia sxa Tejiira. 



HAinA Klfl^A. 75 

Kjiflqa ysHajia Hacb h tiujia pa^a Ham: nepcAHeft Horoft, ko* 
Topafl SHa^HTejQBHo noTOJiCTijia orb Coji^shh, ona Becejio yna- 
p^jia no uocTOBoft, 6oApo, KaKi»-6£i Buc^Kaa AJia nacb hckopkh 
paAOCTB; en uopAa to noAHnuajiacB, to onycsajiacB, hosaph (j^up- 
EajiHyKaBB y mojoaoA lomaAn; obatb Ha Ham'B CMtxii h rojioca 
ona moBejiHjia ymaMH, BUiiirHBajia meiOy h en rpoMKoe paaflie 
HanoJiHiiJio nacB HeBupasHHUirB HacjiasAOHieifB. Psanie 9to cjir- 

BaJIOeB B'B OAHO Cl nOXOpOHHUlTB SBOHOlTBy KOTOpufi EOCJIBIinajI- 
Cfl Bl dTOTB MOMeHTB. B'B 9T0 CaHOO BpOMH E9b HOABaJia AOHeCCfl 

xo naci cxyKB iiojioTKa. Mh h ho saiiiTEJiH, KasB nocTaBHjiE 
Ha Tojoii^ry rpotii*. 

— Ho!— KpHKHyji'B rocnoAHBTB JlyKanrB. Ejuiqa TpoHyjiacB h 
loi OKOJio HCfl B'B npHnpussy. 

Ha yrjiy yjiHi^Bi n orjuaHyjica; TOJina cocfbjsfiKb e npoxoasHxi 
yse pai^AsacB, h sa xejiirofl, KOTopoi npaBtfJii rocnoAHHi Jly- 
Rami, mejTb oahhb otoitb Cb manKoft bb pysaxB h nonypHBi 
rojiOBy. 

A Mu, UBi (SisaaH OKOJDLO caMOft BJiiHqH Becejio, paAOCTHO, 
HH Ha HHHyTy HO npepBiBafl cb neft pasroBopoBB h jiacRB. 

yTpo 6BIJL0 MaflcKoe; jiyqncToe cojiHi^e cbohhi tfjiecKoiTB sa- 
jLBBajio yjiHi^u, HOCTi», Bncjiy; h9b BCJiKoft anaiOH, co BCflEaro 
KapHHsa nte6eTajiH bopo6bh. Ho rpoHqe bchrhx'b Bopo6BeffB n^e- 
(Sexajia nama KOMnanifl. 

— Bhihb, BHiteRB— RpHqajti ^aieffB,— sasB ona pacTOJtcri- 
jial EoBa-TO y nea KasB BSAyJiHCBl.. CHOTpH-Ka^ Kaxoft hobbiA 
xoMyTB... KaKaa cdpynl.. 

H Hu onflTB npoAOJiacajiu xopom: 

— RjiflHal Hama KJiaqal Hama Aoporaa, CTapaa Bjuiqal 
Hpoxosie ocTaHaBAfiBHJiHCB h nosHHajiH njieqaHH. Hm, 

AOjasHO 6BITB, BasajiHCB crpaHHUMH xaKiH noxoponu, cb xpoftKoft 
BeceJio HrpaiontHXB a^toA bo rjiaBi. Bi oco6eHHOCTH na MocTy, 
Tji^ npHnuDLOCB Bi T^CHOT^ i^xaTB ueAieHHie, Hama noxopoHnaa 
npoi^ecciji npoHSBOAHjua oco6eHHoe Bneqaxji'bHie. 

Pasa ABa rocnoAUHi) JlyKami npHEpHKHyjTB jislskb na naCB, 
qTo6£i UBi mj0i nosaAH xejiitrHy ho mbi ho xot'^jh he na marB 
OTOftlE OTB KjiaqE. 

CoJiHite rpbjLO Bce CHJiBH^e, Aopora CTanoBEjiacB necqaHoft, 
Tflsejuofi; KJiaqa Tan^HJia CBOfl bosi cb h'^kotopbiitb ycHjdeirB; 
8AopoB£ifl OH TMn D^ypEJiefl OTB 6j[ecKa, na cjiinoft, 6e3JKH3- 
HeHHuft caAHJiHCB pasApaaceHHua sapoft nyxH. Mu ceftqacB na- 
jiouajiH Bep^HBixi Bi^TOKB E Haqajui cxapaxejiBHO OTHaxEBaxB hx% 
OTB KjiaqE* Gaiis hh ne qyBCTBOBajiE ycrajiocTE. Bocekomb, bb 
CTapuxi fflTanaxB e saiuiaTaHHuxi KypTKaxi, hu 6oApo marajiE 
paAOMi CB Kjiaqefty a nepeA:B naHE Bce pocjiE h pocom luiaAtiE- 
ntOHCKie KpecxBi... 

TaicB KaiTB EOCTE rpo(h» 6ujio Hesoiiy, to nponycTHJiE nacB 



76 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

cb Tejiiroft sa BopoTa. Ho rjvb npninjiocB ssaiB, noTOMy hto 

MOrHJIBIItEEl He KOHqHJTb 611^6 pUTb A^J H TOJIbKO TOHepB 00- 

cnimHO Bu6pacuBajrb hbi ubh sejiTuft necoEB. Cefi^acB mu aa- 
qajiH psaiB AJifl KJEAiH aafl^BK) EaaycTKy h co^iHuft noAopos- 
HHKBy KOToparo 6ujio MHoro y Aopors. Mesxy t^hb, oreitB cb 
roeaoAHHOirb JlyEameirB chhjih rpo6B cb teji'&rH, n uocTaeiuE 
ero Ha Rpaio jimu. He MsejiB ohb Cujib, bhaho, noTony ^to 
KyiTB, HecMoipa Ha cxapocTB, ctoejib npHHo hoab rasecTBK>; a 
OTita OHB TasB npHrHyjiB kb seicjii, KasB KpectB — n^^aioii^aro 
Xpncia, EOToparo sl bha'^jib y CepnapAHHiteBB. 

BCKOpi SadBOHHJTb TOHeHBKHMB FOJOIOCKOMB KOJDEOKOJIBqHEB, K 

cnycTH HHHyTy npHmejiB EceHASB bb cisxapt n npHCJuyssHKB 

CB KpeCTOMB H KpOnHJIOHB. OtOI^B CypOBO BSrJIHHyjIB Ha HaCB, 

no9TOMy Hu BCTajiH CB ^djiBROiTB Ha KOjrfiHH, A^psa BB pyRaxB 
no ropcTH cB&seft TpaBu. rocnoAHHB JlysainB h oiei^B xose 
BcrajiH Ha koji^hh; uorHJiBii^HSB npoAOJtsajiB cbok) pa6oTy. PasB, 
ABa, TpH, npoiejTB KcenAS'B cbok) jiaTBHCRyH) MOjiHTBy, ynoMflHyjTB 
HMfl H $aiiHJiiiH> MaTepH H BejL^jiB ^HTaiB <Or>ie naniB*, naiaBB 
caiiB BCJiyxB. 

Oiei^B noAHAJTB RBepxy juoio h o6i pyRH; ohb chotp'&jib na- 
BepxB, a no nteRauB RaTBjiHCB i^acejiufl, Rpynnua csedu. ^- 

JieRB, CTOfl pHAOVb CO HHOft Ha ROJT&HilXB, TapaTOpHJIB MOJIHTBy, 

ycTaBHBB rjiasa na RJinqy. 

Haciajia xaRaa THmnna, ito cjiumeHB 6hjib caioift JierRift 
myiTB aeptis h cuRanie csep^Ba* 

— Bo, ^ctb!.. icTi! — pasAajiCH BApyrb cpoAH eioft thidhhbi 
TOHRift rojiocB HeTpycfl, ROTopHt AepsajTB pyqoHRH, nojiHUH 
Tpaau H BeceHHHXB i^siTOBB, nepeAB MopAoft rjihih, pascunan 
4)iajiRH H iiaprapHTRH. Rjihu h^sho hsb a'^tckbxb pyRB 6paj[a 
ry6aHfl Tpasy n sesajia ee, OTBepeyBB rojOBy, MejianxojiHqecRH 
rjiiiAH cjiinuHB, nofiiji'&BinHMB rjiasoiiB Ha cojiHi^e. Rcohass 
BsrjiHHyjrB, otoab CMopn^BJicji h, TaRB KaRB H CTOHJTB na Rojrfc- 
HHXB 6jiHse BcixB y Hero noAB pyRoft, to ohb chjibho noTHnyji'B 
HeHii sa yxo. 

TyxB ^dJieRB na^ajiB rpoioco 6htb ce6H RyjiaitbiiB bb rpyAB 
BB BHaRB Toro, ^TO OHB yse npo^ejTB MOJiHTBy H Bce, HTO naA- 
jnesajio^ HcnojiHHjrB bb touocth, nocji'& qero, BSonnyBB HCROca 
Ha OTi^a, 6£iCTpo yApftJTB rb Rjinqi h RHBHyjTB uwb. SceeASB 
Tose, oRpoHHBB HpcABapHTejiBHO rpo(hi, OTqero h na nacB no- 
najo HeMHoro cbhtocth, ymejiB cb npHCJiysHHROMB* 

fliia Bce en^e ne Ciuia Bupuxa. MorHJtBn^HRB nonajiB bs 
rjiKHy H jtEfflB noHeMHory, tohho Macjia Ha xjii6B, 6pajiB eena 
jLonaiy. 

Orei^B Bce hojihjiich. Oahbro, rocnoAHHB JlyRaniB, bhaho, cni- 
mHJTB, noTOMy ^lo Bce Ta6aRB nioxajiB h na leariry norji^u- 
BajiB, Aft K roJiOBy noqecuBajrb; HaROHenB, HaRjioHHBuiHCB rb 



muj^ nomeniajiCH ch Hvinb HeMHoro, nossuiH ApyrB Apyry pyKs, 
noTpHcmH pasa Asa no-npiniejiLCRH, nocjr& ^ero Kyiii nomejii 

Mbi ee paayRpacHjiH yse, KaKi^ uomjljk). Tojibko ^to pac- 
i^vj^TmiH B^TRH aRai^iH TopqajTH y nea sa ymanH, nojTb c6pyefl, 
B8^-8a xojiyTa, BCioAy, ta^ tojilko yAajiocB BoiKHyTB. nyBi> jKej- 
THxi OAyBaHHHKon EpacoBajiCH na Ji6y, noA'b CKpen^HBaioniH- 
UBcs peMHJiMH. Ob rpHBu CBimHBajiacB shboroctb h uasoBuft 
i^Tb. OcTajiBHyK) TpaBy mbi AepsajiH bi» pynaxB, qTo6Li o6Ma- 
XHBaTB eH) Rjiflqy on cjAnnelt. 

TenepB naiajicfl Hacxoim^ift TpiyM^ajiBHUft noxoAB. 

BnepeAH meciBOBajTB nerpycB, He tjlswi na Aopory, Tonqa 
xajreHBidHy CBtoin^ HacunaHHUfl hstb sejrraro necsy, a'^tckIh 
MorHJUCH, Bcasift pasi RaKi orjiHABiBajiCH Ha T6J['6ry. 3a IIoTpy- 
ceiTB RJiflqa, THxo ^LipKafl, noMaTUBajia tojioboA, ytipaHHoft 
ABiTaHH H seaeHBH), a mbi ci ^anBROMi, tiynro nassH, marajiH 
no jAbjio e npaByK) cropoHy. Tejiira noABHraJUtCB MeAJneHHo, to 
noAHBMaHCB, TO onycRaiiCB bb npoBajiHBniiflCH moiujiu, a csbah, 
sa HaMH HeccH rjiyxoft, Bce rayme, ryjii seiuuiHBixi ROHBeHBy bo- 
Topue Di^ajiH Ha rpo6i MaTepn. 



HHopoRCiLr H HHopo;^qeeKi0 BonpoeT> Ha 
HHHeropoHeKOft BeepoeeifteKoft 

BHeTaBKt, 



rAaBHoft aaAa^efi h u^bxMo BcepoocificRoil HHseropo;];cRoft BuoraBRir 
nocTaBj[[6Ho 6ujio H8o6paxeHie boshosho npaB^BBoK RapTHH&i coBpe- 
M6HHaro cooTOflHia pasjinqHuxi* bhaobi HapoAHOH npoHSBOAHTeibHo- 
OTH b'l odrnHpsoiTb 3Ha?6Hm BToro ojoBa. Ho na BHcraBKt 6hjih ot- 
jlisja, KOTopue npecitAOBajiB Apyrifl, 6oiie o6jnm v^m: HSoGpasHTb 
BO Bceft ooiHoii oGoTaHOBEj SHSfifl Tofi UH Apyroft, o6j[aAaK)ii^efi 
xapaRTepHUHH oco6eHHOCTflKH ^acTH CTpasu. TaRofi xapaETepi> hoohjih 
Ha ee6i otjsjhjai^ nocBfli^eHHfiie Hain|K'B ORpaHHaM'B. HaH6ojD[ie bu- 
A6psaHi» 6ujrL btotb xapaRTopi* bi dKcaoHaTaxi oHfinpcRaro oT^i^a^ 
opraHHSOBaHHaro noA'B pyROBo^cTBOHi Hamero noqTOHHaro y^oHaro, 
BHi^e-npedBAeHTa pyccRaro reorpaj^aqecRaro o6mecTBa n. n. CoHe- 
EOBa. nojTLsyaob GoraxuHi KaxepiajioMi, oocpeAOToqeHHUH'B b'l BToirb 
OT^tJit, aTaRse ^acTii) b'l oiA^ji cKpafiHaro ClBepa» — mu nonHTaeiica 
crpynanposaTB st^cb h^croabro a&hhux'l, xapaRTepeayDii^HX'B nojo- 
HOHie HHopoA^ecRaro HaceieHia Ch6hph h a^lhhjo ctBopa Esponeft- 
CRofi PocciH. 

dRcnoHaTH OT;^a «KpaflHflro CiBepa» a&h)tb cpaBHHTejBHO ho- 
MHoro Marepiaia ji,jai xapaRTepHCTHRH noJioseHia HamHX'B HHopoA* 
nfiVb. 9RonOHaTU bth cofipaHu cjiyqattHO, 6e3i» onpoA'&JreHHofi cHorenH^ 

0TJ[HqaK)TCfl 6tAH0CTBK) H 0AH006pa3ieHl> H BUJI^eRU 6UU[H Bl oco- 

6mh oTA^n ciHinROHi noBAHO, HosaAOJiro nepoA'B HaqajoM'B BuoraBRH^ 
Ror^a yse HeiBSs 6£uio co6paTB Cojiie mis. ireHte o6niHpHu8 h oh- 
CTeMaTBBEipoBaHHBiH MaTepiaj[*B. BoiBme Bcero a&hhux'b, bi bha'^^ o6- 
paai^oBi, ROMORi^ift, CTaTHOTflqecRHXi CB'J^A'&Hifi h ota'^^jibhuxi* Hayq- 

HUXl XpyAOBli MH HaXOAHlfB BB CHeHptROM-B (XIII) OTA^Jlt BUCTaBRH, 

cooToan^eifB hb'b cjsifljiom.^x.'h noAiOTAtiOBTi, pasfiETBix'b no reorpa- 
$HqecRHirB rpynnaM*B: 3anaAHo-CH6HpcRaro, BocToqHo-CflCnpcEaro, 
npHMopcRO-AMypcRaro, AjriaficKO-KadHHeTCRaro h ToMCKaro h, naRO- 
Eei^i>, KHpfHSCRO-CTenHoro, pacnojEOHcoHHaro ho bi* rjraBHOirB SAaHiH 
CeOapcRaro OTA'^a, a bi SAaHiH CpeAHed AbIh. Bi* 3anaAH0-CH6Hp- 
CKOMi noAioTAti'fa MK HaxoAHiTB BRCHOHaTU, xapaRTepHsyiDii^ie Shtb 

CaMOiAOB'B, OCTflROB-B, BOPyjOB^ H BUpflBTB, B% B0CT0qH0-CH6HpCR0Ml» 



EEOVOJlJlfi H HHOPOA?. BOnPOCB HA HHS. BCEPOC. BUGTABR'B. 79 
HSHfiOAie I^HHOlTb AJUi HaCl, TaKl RaSl Bl HeMX HHOpOA^al^b 0TB6- 

;ieHO o^eHL KHoro ulcTa, mi SHaKOKHircff cl GypaTaiiH, ARyTaMH^ 
coHoiaMir, KHHyoHHCKHtfH TdTapaMH (Ka?HHi](aKH), TyHryoavH, ^yK^aMH 
H /ipyrEHH MeiKHMH Hapoj^HOOTflMH d^Bopa BocTO^Hoft Ch6hph. Creii- 
Hofi noA'bOTAii'B pHcyerB 6uTb kepfhsob'b, TapaH?eft, AynraH'b h Kai- 

UHKOBIb. npHIIOpCRO-AHypCRift nOJEOTA^JIX, Rli COSaJTbHlX), COBOiM'B 

HO npoACTaBHJiL^b SH8HH o6BTaK)ii^Bxx Bx IIpHaMypcROirB reHepajivryfiflp- 
HaiopcTBi: 3a6afiRajibCREXi 6ypflTB, npHiropcRBXX vozhjsjovh h opo^o- 
HOB'L, flRyroBi E AP* HHopo^i^i He BomiH TaRse vb nporpamcy 
Ajrra8cRO-Ka6HHeTORaro nOA^OT^tjia, npeAoraBiHiDniaro Bia^^nia Ka- 
6HH6Ta Ero' BoJiHqecTBa h Edji^sisi ERaTepHH6yprcR0& rpaHHJiBHOft 
$a6pHRB. * 



C% TOHRH spiHifl TaRx HasHBaoHaro HHopoA^ecEaro Boupoca, — bo- 

BpOCa TOITB, n0^6Hy HEOpOAipi, HpH COnpHROCHOBOHiH CB 6oxl6 
CEUHOd paCOft, TepflDTB OBOE CaM06iITHiIE ^eprU HJHE BUSffHpaDTB, 

H ^TO syacHO A'^aTB ]ifia toto, ito6u ho AaTB hitb coAth ci EoropE- 
HBCRofl ci^eHu, a npo^ojisaTb pasBEBaTBca h coBepmeHOTBOBaTBCfl, — 
CB BTOfi TO^RE 3ptHifl HaH6ojiBniiA HHTepecb npeACTaBJUUDrB ctBep- 
Hue EflopoAi^i: 6ypflT£i, ERyTU, Tysrysu, ootere, caHO']^;(u, Boryjoi, 
^yRu, DRarepH e jq). HejCRia Hapoj^oirrfl. Mes^y nepeqflCAessuHE 

BXtCB ESOpOAIi;aMH TOALRO 6ypflrL E ERyrOB'b H6 OTHOCflTB OOURHO- 

BBHso K% yraca]Dnp[M'B nieMOHairb, BiiiiEpaHie aRe Bcixii ocrajTBHEix'B 

CtrETaerCfl JIEEIB BOapOCOH'B BpeM6HH. SmAtEWL BJlfkOh, ^TO EMeHHO 

eTH jifib Hapo;^ocTE bo Bcixi OTEoni6Hlflxi» o6HapysEJ[[E HaESojBmyiD 

CnoC06sO0TB npEUtHETBCfl RB HOBBIITB BROBOtfE^eCRHH'b yCIOBlEirB: 

TaR'B, Hanpfluipi, setfie^iiieMX esx Bcixi* ciBepsux'B HHopo^iieBi 
BaHHMaDTCH jiHmB OHE oAHE. ^ajiBnie Bcixii Ha nyiE nepexoj^a otb 
CROTOBOA^ecRaro xosaftcTBa ri aeiueA'i^iBqecROKyynuEGypflTuHpRyT- 
cRoi ry6epsifl. dm EsopoAi^u A^e e Hafl6ojnniifi % npspocTa na- 
ceAesiA co BpeneHE nocjiiffHeft peBEsia jsfi Ha^rajia AOBHTEAecflTux'B 
roaoBT»- 

BypflTKL HpRyTCROit ry6epHiH ho bosa^ CAtiajtH OAHHaROBHo ycnlxH 
BTy A&rfa paBBETifl seiueA'Mfl: bi> hIrotopux'b BiAOMCTBaxi Baia- 
rancRaro e HpRyTCRaro ^RpyroBii ohh xodflfisE^aDTB ne xyace cbo- 

EXt CQ&bjUdi pyCCREX^, B% BOCTO^EUX'B SO BtAOHGTBaX'B BepXOJtOH- 

cRaro, Bx TaREXx, HanpHuip'B, RaRi* RyryjiiBCRoe, ohe cobc^h'b se sa- 
BEManTCfl SBMjreA'&iieM'L. II aoctoHehB BEHKaHia $aRTi: HKeHEO Bi 
Thvb BlAOHCTBax'b, BoxaECROMi fl YRHpcRoiTb^ BaiaraECRaro ORpyra, 
FAi GypflTU yse saBepmEjfE nepexoAi^ R'b seMieAin^ecROiiy xosaft- 
cTBy, Tjiib HAon^aAB sanamRE, npHxoAfln^eficH sa oaho saJiH^Hoe xo- 

BEBCTBO, AaSSe BBime CpOAHeft RpeCTBHSCROft, TaM'B 6ypflTH A&AH E 

EaEBHcmifi npflpocrL EaceiBEifl (-f- 25,9 e 29,5%), bx CROxoBOA^ecRHX'B 

se, BBtpOAOBHKX'B E pil6onpOM£UnxeEH£IX'B, COBCllTb HO 3aHHMaK>niHXCH 

seMieAtiieiTb, rbr'b KyTyiBCRoe e Esani^BECRoe BtAOMOTBa BepxoAeE- 



80 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

cKaro oi^yra, tsitb Haceieme xaio HaH6oji:Biii7K> 76ha( — 15-3096^. 
TasHiTb o6pa80]rB h cpe^H r&xx HHopo;t?60RHX% ueviewb, 6yAymee 
KOTopui'b, no o6mfiuj HffbHiio, npHSHaercfl HaHOoAte o6e3ne^6HHBiMi>, 
BcipiqaDTCii rpynn£i, oOHapysHsann^ui se npHpocn, a SHauHxejiB- 
Hyn yfisjiB Hacej[eHiff. Ci Apyroft cropoHH, ecjia 6u y Haci 6ujra 
6oxte HIE MeHie Toqsafl cTaTHOTHRa ABHsenifl HacejreHifl BUtfHpaKH 
mfo.'b EHopoj^i^effB, HanpHHipi^ octjikobx, tomh, HaBipnoe, Bcfpt- 
TEAR 6u KeiiSAy hhhh otj^beho poAU, KOTopBie, HaxoAflCB no^BHy- 
HH6yAB fi^ 6ojAe BuroAHiixi yoAOBiflXi, ^axK sa nocjtbAuee BpeMfl 
He y6iuB, a npHpocTB sacejeHifl. dio ysaaHBaerB, ^to npRqHH^ 
jracaHiii HHopoAqecKHxi njeHesi cxt^yerB HCRaTb He bi j^HaioiorH- 

qeCKEXl* 0C06eHH0CTflX'By He BB KpOBH HHOpOAI^eBly a B-b dKOHOMH^eC- 
KHX'L H 61ITOBUXI yCJIOBiflXl HX'b SH3HH. 

KaidH se ycioBis OTpHi^aTeiBEo BJiiEDn na sb3hb HHopoAi^eBi? 

Kyj[BTypH0-6UT0BIIfl $OpMH SflSHH HaHIHX'B HHOpOAIteBl HMtnrB 
KHOrO HeHOpMaJBHHX'B H HeSAOpOBSXl CTOpOHX, EOTOpUH H6 HOTJfh 

He OKasuBaTB oTpei^aTeiBHaro BJiiflHifl na hx^l paaBHiie. Ho ne axn 
$op]fu HMiH>rB riaBHoe BHaqenie: OHi, Bi^B, oyn^ecTBOBajiH h npeacji;e, 
Aaase npesAO npoHBJifliHCB b7» 6ojr&e pisRoirBHrpyfioMi BB;^t,-^TtH^ 
He MeHle BHopoAi(u, fifl npEXO^a bi» Kpaft hoboS, 6ojrbe chibhoH b^ 
KyABTypHOMi H BKOHOHRqecKOMi OTHoni6HiHxii pacu, HO o6BapysH« 
BaiH TeHAeH^iH kb yracanin.^OHH shjeh cBoeK npocroi, necRJiaAHOt 
H OAHOofipasHoii shshbk), yirkiH HSBieKarB cpoAOTBa ki» cymecTBOBa- 

HiK) EWb HCTOqHHKOBl CBOft 06niHpH0t, HO CRyAHOft SOHJIH, DO CBOOMy 
TpyAHJtHCB, no CBOOMy npOBOAHAH BpeHfl OTAUXa, HsptiRa npHXOAB- 

locB HMi oTcraHBaTB CBOH BHTopecu H 0T6HBaTB HamecTBiH TaKHX'B se, 

SaRli H OHH, 6e8CHJILHlIX'b ROqeBHHROB'B, — Vb 06n^eM'B OEH SHIH 6e8- 
MHTeSEOin CB060AHOfi SH8HBK), ^0 TbXX HOpi HORa HSl HOBtAOMOft 

cTpaHU npamajTB r'b hehb saBoeBaTejiB, noRopHJii HX'B, o6jB[03Rflji7» 
HcaRoiTB, HenoRopHHX'B yrHaji'B ^aiBine, bi rjiy6B Tafirs, hie ycMH- 
pHii. IlHopoAi^ Hdi CBOHXii CRjAHuxii cpoj^cTBi, HapyiHatf paSHOB'b- 
cie vb CBOOMi HocJiosHorB HaTypajiBHOiTB fiiDAserb, cxaiH niaTHTs 
BaBoeBaxejiK) sa cBoe cnoRoficTBie, sa npaBo nacrn cboh crs^a, oxo- 

THTBGH Ha SBtpH H XOBHTB pH6y Wh CBOHX> pOAHUXl, A&BHO HaCB- 

seHHHXi irbcraxi. Ho bto eni^e ho boo. SaBOOBaieib cRopo npBeejcB- 
sa coCofi Fb Rpafi 6oj[Bnioe ROJinqecxBO TaR^xx-sq, RaR-B h oh-b, ih) 
ffeS, ROTopue noceiHJiHCB ope^H RoqeBHHROBx h orojio Haxi h na- 
qajiH npoqno raiTB ycrpaHBaTBCH. Ohh ho RoqeBaxH co cbohhh cTa- 
AHVH CB xicTa Ha MioTO, a npoqHO octiH bb o6iK)6oBaHHUx'B ynacT- 

KaXl H npHHitfXHOB BOS^rblHBaTB SeMAK). OhH BeiH BHOe X03JifiCTB0 H 

HHoft o6pa8^ shshh, TbH'B BejiH nepBOHaqajiBHBie. ofiHTaToia Rpan. 
HtROTopue E3i» HHX'B saBejiH ToprofiUfl cHomeBifl cb HHopo^^aicfr, 
npH ^ewh qacTO sioynoTpeCjiifljiH npeHvyoiecTBOM'B cbohx'b SHaaia h 
jioBROCTH, H SRcnAoaTHpoBajia cbohxb OesxHTpoGTRUXB H npocTo;(yni< 

HUXB COCtAeft. HHOpOAI^U npHOHaTpHBaJTHOB RB SHSHH HOfiUXl 06h- 

laieieft, bha'&ih hIrotopuh npeHMyn^ecTBa eiod shshh nepe^B CBoen, 



HH0P0AI1(H H HHOPDi^q. BOnPOCIb HA HH». BCEP0G.;BBIGTABS«. 81 
tM)6jlia3BflJ[UCB HiKOTOpUMH efl C06jia3Ha)fH. YpOBeHB HXl* II0Tpe6H0- 

orefi pacniHpfljica, a m6»at T^vL'b BsoHOMJa^ecEoe nojioseHie Bce 
(ojuine a 6oJLbme naAajio. ilsAajio oho h 6jiaroAapa cpaBHHTejiBHO 
6ojiu>niHin> cpeACTsaMi, saTpaHHsaeMiiiM'B Ha y^OBJieTBopeHie HOBUX'b 
HOTpeGHOcied e, rjiaBHUHi* o6pa30M'B, fijiaroAapa tohj, qTO cEyxHaa 
npHpo^a He iiorjia npoKopMHib yBejiHqHBnieeca nacejieHie: n cTapiucB 
oOHiaTaieft, h hobuxI). Mes^f Thwb HOBiie,6oj['be cMunuenHHe n ynt- 
xue npfumejLhu^^ nojiBdjflCB JiyqmHMH, CojLtQ ycoBepmoHCTBOBaHHUMH 
opyAiHHH, MorjiH ci> 6oiBui6iD lOFKOCTBK), Bi yo^epOi a6opHreHaH'b 
^paa, no4B30BaT csi ^c^pauH npHpoAu. 

IIpH H3ffboriiuii $opiil xodHHCTBa 'BT> CTpaHt eoTB HSfilcTHaa rpa- 
HHi^teMHOcTH A^^fl OH HacejOHiH. Kor^a^Ha HacBin^eHHua yse bii Aocia- 
To^moH creneHH afiopHrenanH npocrpaHCTfia senuH HBHJiacb hobuo 
o6HTaTeJLH, OHH He MorjiH cyH^ecTBOBaib oah£hi» Ttin», vrb ohh, TaKi> 
cxasaTL, OTHHHaiH y a6opHreHOBi»^ ho juosmeu 6ujih npH^yMaTB ho- 
Bue onocoOu BKcnitoaTai^iH OoraTCiB'b senuH h BBeciH hobuh ipoj^nu 
xoaaficTBa. HHopowu-aOopHreHU nocroaHHO coapHsaoaiHCb ci npn- 
inejiBi^aMH h, shbh otb xoH-se seiuH h otb lixit-ace 6oraTCTBi» ea, 

AOJDSHJU 6USE BJIH BBOCTH H y Ce6fl HOBiia 4^0pilU XOSafiCTBa EJOL 

o6pe^ ce6a na xpoHH^ecKoe rojOAanie h na BUMHpaHie. TaH'B, r^^ 

HOHOpeHHHe pyCC£HMH ;iHOpOAI^Bl flpHCnOC06HJ[HGB £!» HOBBIMIb ^Op- 

HaMi xo3HBCTBa,^-y spuMcsHX'B Taiapi, KaBKascKHX'B ropi^eBi, Oam- 

SHpOBli, KBprHSOB'B, BOTflKOBl* BOCTO^HOM PoCCIH, TaifB OCTpaPO HHO- 

poA^ecRaro Bonpoca na BKOHOMH^ecKOH no^B'b ne cyH(ecTByeT:B. Tain» 
HoryrB cyn^eciBOBaTB MtcxHue aitoHOMHHeoKie Bonpocu — 6e33eMej[B- 
Hue TaTapu wb Kpniiy, iHineHHBie dHa^HxejiBHofi ?acTfl cbohxii 
seMejiB OaniRHpBi wh Openo^prcKofi h Y^HMCsoft ry6epHiH — h, 
KpoH^ Toro, TaH'BHHopoA^ecKid BOHpocB Moserik o6ocTpaTBCfl Ha APT-- 
roS no^Bi: HHopoAi^H qacio TpyAHfie npHcnooofijifliDTca h noA^HHH- 

DTCa HOBUM'B OUTOBBIM'B H OOn^eCTBeHHUlfB ^^OpjiaMT*, qllTB dSO- 
BOMHqeCKBMl». B% CaMOH piSKOH ^Opiffa, H Ha nO^Bl dKOHOMH^eCKOft, 

H Ha no^B'b coipaj[BHO-6uTOB0S, laKi HasBiBaeMBifi BHopoA^ecEiS BOHpoci 
npoaBJiaerca TaM-B, pa* HHopoAitH ne ctyMtjiH enie npHcnooo6HTBca 

B'B HOBUM'B ^OpMBMI) XOSaiiCTBa. 

OciaKH ToCojiBCKoft py6epBiH, bb oco6eHHocTH t4, KoxopHe naoe- 
jiaDTB Teuenie ptKi— MpiBiffla, BoibbioS h Maaoft 06h H Ap., an- 

BJTB PiaBHHM'B oCpaSOMl pBl60JI0BCTB0Ml». Bo BpeHH np0H3B0ACTBa 

HpoMHCJia OHH nocToaHHO nepecejHBOTca B'B MtcTa 6ojiie yAo6flKia au 
jiOBJiH pbi6h, MiaaiorB cboh ctohbkh, cjiiAya aiiOM'B sa ABH»eHieM'B 
pBi6u H ocTasaBiHBaacB B'B itlcTaxii oKOJueHia ea. HacTo ohh otb- 
i8sas)TB A^a dioro otb cbohxi* shmhhx'b SHJiam'B na 500 h 6oji'be 
BepcTB. B'B nocJi'bAHee BpeMa qacjio ociaKOBx, HAymax'B Bt pafioTy 
HI qyxAHM'B X03aeBaM'B, yBOJiH'iHBaeTca, a qncjio JHOAeii, paSoiaib- 
n^HXi Ha coScTBeHHHX'B npoMucjiax'B, yMeHBrnaeica; qacio npoHHcjio - 

BHX-B yPOAifl, OTAaHHHXT. B'B apOHAy ^yaCHM-B JIWAaM'B (ToproBi^aM-B) 

<JTaHOBHTca 6ojiBnie; yjiOBi> 3Bipa MeaBnie, yjnoB-B ph6h MenBine, i^t- 

M 12. OTA^nl. Q 



82 PyCCKOE BOrATGTBO. 

EKi Ha HHopoA^ecRifi TOBapT» ji^iaDTOfl qpesHtpHO Mais, a na sy- 
neqecKifl — ^pesMipHO BeiHRH. ^;^4 CojrBine Bcero pyccKHXi ToproB- 
uevbj TaiTB B'B ocofieHHocTH saniTHa 76uj[b BHopoAiieBi, h Hao6opoTB, 
TjA pyccKHxi MeHBnre, TaM-B Bairt^aeTca Aa«e uphShjtb*). Xoto pa- 

60J[0BHHff yrOABfl C00TaBIflK>T1> OOScTBeHHOOTB IfiCTHUrB XHTeieiy 

HHopoidieFB, HO pycoKie ToproBipi HsucRHBaiDrB Bcanie onooofiu, qro* 
6h Ha Buroj^HUTB ycioBiflX'B npio6ptcTB jyqniifl pu6oji[OBH£ifl lAtyn. 
Ohe iTpH6irai)TB ^'fl OToro ki o6MaHairB h nesaKOHHuirB opeACTBairB^ 
BAO^HBanTOfl Toro, ^to oaviie Aoporie HpudHse €nec]iE> apeH,o[ynrb 
8a OTOHB jifimeBjTO raary; 100 — 200 py6. ohh luaTarB sa npoMHoeJTB, 
rjs/b HO srB Go6cTBeHHHM'B HORasaHiflirB OTOHMOCTB Ao6uBaeMofl pu6u 
Roxe^ierofl Mesjiy 4000 h 8000 py6. h 6ojr6e na uicrl xOBa. «B'b 
CypryrcKOiTB H BepeaoBOKoiTB 0Kpyrax"B 6oiBniHHCTBO pHfiHiixiirtcTB 
apeH^KynTOff no nicKOABKO ;^ecflTK0Bi jAtl cpfl^y oahhmh h litfH-aee 
jun^avH, npH ^ewb npaso na apen^y ^aoro ^ase nepeAaoTCfl ho naojrbA- 
oTBy uexjsj apeHAaTopaHH. novrn Boi boahuh npooTpaHOTBa c^Bopa 
HaxoAflTca B% ucTHoiTB apeHj(H0Mi HoibsoBaniH h cb OTAaJieHHUxi 
BpeneHii pasAtjreHH Ha pafioHu. RasA^iirB h3% bthxi paiOHOB^ 
apenjiaTopx nojn»3yeTOfl oAHHon^Ho— s^toB ohi npoMuniJuierB pu6y, 
cRynaeTB ee h Apyne npoiyRTH Tpy^a HHopomes'B, SA^cB-se ohib 
OAHHi TOiBKO H TopryoTB. TaRHMi o6pa30]rB Ha npocTpaHCTBi Boero 
BepesoBORaro oRpyra o6pa80BaiHOB RaRi 6u BJtaAiHifl pasHBix^ nn% 
BaHHMann^xcH pii6humh npovHciaMH h TOproBiett, ao 06cRoft rytfii 

H AUBe BlBTOtnOCJBtiAHefi.HnOpOAipi naCTOJIBRO OHJUBHO npOHHRXHCB 00- 

BHaHievB CBoeft saBHcraocTE otb pyccRHX*B ToproBiieBrB-apeHAaTopoB'B 
HTO jifixe HO npeACTaBjrsDTB oe6i boshoshocth caMocTOflTonHaro cy* 
mecTBOBaHifl h noRopno hoa^hhadtch Boeiiy, ^o hitb npeAJiaraeTOt 

00 CTOpOHfil pyOORHXl. ToprOBI^U npHBOSflTB TaR'B HaSUBaOMBlfi «00- 

TffaRi&> TOBap^, ROTopiift npio6piTaeTCfl ntOAhKO Aiia. npoAaxH ooth- 

RaiTB H OaMOiAAHl H OTIHVaerCH HHSRHlfB Ra^eOTBOlTB H BUCOROft 

n:lHoft. Btotb TOBapi— MyRy, xiifii, ^aft, caxapi, cojb^ xoacTB, chti^h, 
ii^AHUfl yRpamoHiH h nyroBHi^H ht. a-i — OHro6M4HHBaK)'rBHapH6y 
H uymHMH y HaoroiBRo HOBuroAHO a^ hhopoac(obi, tto bi rohoi^ 
o6e8utHHBai)TB npoAyRTU hxi ipyAa. 

TaRse ToqHO naJTB puOHsft npoMuceii h yueHBHiHjrHOB 3apa6oTRK 
otb Hero y npHfiaftRaiBCRHX'B 6yparB HpRyrcRoft ry6., n naAenie ara 
CHJn»HO OTpasHJiooB Ha (SiarococTOflHiH iitoTHaro naceJieHiH **). 



*) Cm. ct. iipo(I). SIko6\b: cOcthrh c4b. vacTH To6oaLCRoll ry6.> b* «Ese> 
POAHHK* To6. TyC. Mysea*, 1895 r. bhh. IV h pa6oTH rr. BapnaxoBCKaro h 
lOpacoBa Bi YII izacTH R&Taiora BKcnonaTOBi To6. ry6. na HHseropoAosoft 

BUCTaBK^. 

.*♦) Cm. TpyAH no yuacTiH) Boct.-Ch6. oTAtaa HMnepaTopcKaro PyccKaro 
reorpa(J)HqecKaro On^ecTBa na BcepoccificKoft BucraBsib bi» 1896 r. Hmioctpm- 
pOBaHdoe onHcanie 6HTa ceiBCKaro HaceseHia HpRytcKoft ry6. OocTaBJieHO H. 
A. Mojo^^MX-b, n. E. KyaaKOBHMi h ap. ^JOHaMH ota*J» nosj, peA«BAiet n. H. 
CeM6H0Ba. Crp. 221—226. * 



HHOPOAI^ H HHOPOAq. BODPOCL HA HB8. BCEPOG. BBIGTABE^. 83 

7 oaMoiAOB'L, HaoejuiDii^HrBKpaftHiftciBepiEBponeficRofiH Aaiai* 
cKoS Pocoiff, pasfipooaHfiuxi neisHMH rpyaaaMH no Boevy no6epes6i> 
JEoAOBHTaro OKeana, na^aDTB SBipoioBHuft h pu6oj[OBHuft npoMuoiu 

H 8TH npOHUOra, BMtcrl CL 0JieH6B0AH£Il£l», yS6 He Bl> OOCTOflHlH 

AaxB BosHoacHOCTB HHopoAi^amb jAOBAeiBopHTB Hxi> pacniHpHBiniHOfl 
noA'B BmHienii pycosHXi noTpefinocTH. 

SBipoxoBHijfi npoHiiceii», KpoMt Toro, ni^aerB doith noBoeirbcTHa 
BCJT&AOTBie yHH^oseHui iiooBi» H xHU^aH^ecsaro ncTpefiieHia sBfepa. 



dKOuoEaTu, pHcyionUe 6£irb h npoHucjiH caMO'i^AOBi, vh 0Tj3,tit 
Epafisflro oiBepa, oaiioti^OBi, octakobi h BoryiOBi-— bi saii Sanax- 
Hofi Ch6hph, oaMoiAOBi, lyHryaoBB, flsyroBL e 6ypflTL — bi saii 
BocTOHHoft Ch6hph — HJULDorpspyDrB Bce to, ^o BuoRasaHO Bume. 
Bo Bceifb BHAHa nysAft h GiAHOCTb, Boi npoAHOiu HooaTb ne^aiB 

HOBtseOTBa H AHKOOTH. Bl OOOSOHHOOTE CtjlJiOOTb 0KB03ET'B BeSJ^. 

nonpofiyfiie TsepAut Kasi KaEOHb xit6i EHOpoAiteBi SanaAHoft Gs- 

6hPH, H npCEOTpETO, EaOROIbKO Alfl HHOrSX-B ESI 8TEX1» ES0p^A^eBB 

Aase TaKofi xii6i flBiaeicfl HOAOOTEasBEoS poosooibD, nooEOTpare, 
KaEi Msoro BoeB03EOSsux'B cypporaTOBi saEJ^EEOTb ESopOAitaMi xii6:b. 
Bi HKyrcKoiTb 0TAtjr6, Bi rpESEOMi, oTBpaTsrejibEOE'b oiBBAy Mimsi 

E81 ROSOKOfi ROSE XpaSETCE OlOSb pacnpOOTpaHeSSUft CpOAB EHO- 

poAi^eB'b ciBepa JlRyicRoft o6iacTE oypporarb — ^EyRa cyoaxRE hie 
xiifiEEipi (Butomus ombellatus). flRyra B£irpe6aK)rb meoiaEs oo 
AEa osepi RopEE 8Toro 6oj[OTEaro paoreEifl, BaoymEBaDTi», moidti 
E saroTOBJuiDTb Ea 8EEy i^tjme niniRfl. Bo BiasHux'b EESEeEEOOTEXi 
opeAE ropi ERym vb fioibnioM'b ROJiE^eoTBfa ooSEpaDib RopES oap- 
AaHH (lilium spectabile). Bi El&ROTOpuxi MJ^CTaxi EpaRTBRyeiOE 60- 
lie JierRitt cnooo6'b Ao6uqE aioro pacieEiE. ^ijio bl toei, ^to noie- 
Bue oBpaacRE eie cyoAERE co6EpaK)rb oe6i bi* eopre ero sanaoH.S 
ERyTU OTRanuBaDTb EopRS, yfiEBanrb OBpaxROBi, laRi RaRi» e ex'e 
GEE iflfiTbj E noxEn;as)Tb y hexi exi EEE^y. 

HEopOAAu cisepEHX'b ORpyrOBi flRyioRoft oSiaoxE e 6iAHiftniax'b 
coMefioTB'b Ea K)ri ynoTpefiiEDTb bl OEn^y APOBeoEys saOoiosb. IIo 
8T0My noBOAy y r. CipomeBORaro *)Efii ^EiaoEx: <ApeB6CEafl 3a6o- 
losb, rjiaBEUMii o6pa80M'b, ynoTpe6ifleTCfl oooEOBaa; jiEOiBdESE^saE 
c^ETaeTCH xyse. CAHpaxnrb ee EpeEMyn^eoTBeEEO xiTOMi ejie paE- 
Eefi BeoEOK), RorAa paoresie toibro mro sausaexB npoouaaTbOE. Co 

CTBOia MOJIOABIXl AOpOBbeB'b OOTOpOSSO OpisaDTb BepXEDD ROSE^y 

E saTiMi noEon^BD ocTpuxi saRpyrjiessux'b Eosei oocRa6iEBaiDrb 
HtSEoe ocTaBmeecA xbiro. JIbiro 8to pisyrb Ea EeiRie RyoouE,"Ba- 
pETL Bi flicKOJbREX'b BOAax'b, ^to6h yAaiBTb CEOiy, sartMi noAOa- 



*) tflByrfii, omm eTHorpa^iBtiecRaro H8cjrbA0BaBUi>, Cn6., 1896 r. (ESAaso 
Feorpa^Hiiecsmii oCn^ecTBoifb na cpexcTBa, noxeprBOBaEHUfl A. H. rpoECH 

BOfl). 

6* 



64 PyCGROE BOrATGTBO. 

BJiflDTB fill 6tfmy%acb (noxJiefiKa-Kama hsi Ko6uiBflro MOioKa ci icy- 
Kol H8i cypporaTOBi xji:b6a) hjh cymarB, TOJKyrB h ccunaiOTL bi^ 
oyxoe Micro, bx sanaci. CocHOBoe iuro najionHTaTeiBHO. 3to OHii^a 
G^AHbROB'B. Bi 1859 r., no BuqECJieHliD MaaKa, bx BuioflcKorb 
ospyrb na cenBi) bi foa'b yxo^HJio on 10 no 100 ny^OBi ;tpeBec- 
Eoft 3a6oiOHH, MeHLme ezk 6oj[Bme, cMOTpa no ji^ooTaiRy cenEi h 
pasBHTix) xjiifionamecTBa b^ as^hhomii yrojLsi* (crp. 318). 

He TOJEBRo jjit&b y MHorHXi HHopoAi];eBX saMiHflerca cypporaiaMH: 
"qafi, Hrpaion^ifi TaRyn rpoHaAHyio pojb b'l bxi nHTaHiH h bo mho- 
TBTb Micraxx o^eHB jsfimeButi fijiaroAaps 6j[B3octh ri rpaHHi^M'B 
MoHroiiB, 6j[aroAapA fiesnonuiHHHOMy h R0HTpa6aH;iH0]cy BBosy, HaRO- 
EOi^'B, npocTO fijiaroAapfl Tony, mo n^fk npio6piTaeTCfl oaMHfl Maio- 
i^tHHHft H AypHoro Ra^ecTBa, btotb qafi Bce laRH noBceiiicTHO Wb 
tioJiBmefi HJiH MOHBinefl cTenesfl saHiBflerca cypporaiaMH. H RaRHXi 

TOJBRO paCTHieJIBBBIX'B DpOAyRTOBl* BU HO BCTpilHTO Bl HHCJli 8THX1» 

cypporaioB'B: jihctba qepsnojioBHHRa, yTecHofi TpaBU h 6pycHHRH, 
cTefija XBoiua h 6aAaHa, jenecTRH mHnoBHHRa, rpH6RH na fiepesaxi 
H HE. AP- Mea^y cypporaTaHs ^^aa oco6eHEO ynoTpefiHTeieE'B oaheb: 
TaR'B Ba3KBaeMafl b'l Ch6hpe «iata — saTBepA^Bmift fiepedosuft cori. 
no BEiraEOMy CBOOMy BH^y B y^ittEOMy Bicy btotb cypporart ro- 
pasAO fiojiBHie noxoAETB aa RaMOEB, aa RycoR^b sejisaoft pyAU? ^ivb 
Ha ^aS. Owb pacnpocTpaseEi eo tojibro cpoAH coSotobi, 6ypaTB, 

flRyiOB^ E AP- HEOpOAAeBX, so E epOAE pyCCRHXl. EOJUBEIHECTBO EEO- 

poAAOBii ynoTpe6jiiflX)rB RaR'B ^an, TaR'B e cypporaiu ero, REnaTE exi 

Wb BOAt E EOAfiaBJIflE Kb EEMX MOJIORO, MaCJIO EJE CMOTaBy, COIB E 

EeMfloro MyRE ejie ea cypporaioB'B. nojiy^aeTca ae naft, a noxjiefiRaf 
KOTOpaa A^a MEorHXi EEopoAaofii* flBjuaLexca rjiaBEofi e eo^te oaee- 

CTBeHBOfi EEEiefi. 

BoJiBmEEeTBO EEopOAAOBii EO rEymaeTCfl ynoTp66iETB bi* nfln^y 
MEco nsAOxniExik shboteuxi». EypflTU noaynaiarB naAaj[B y cboexi» 
coc^Aefl-pyccRHX'B HIE noAfiapaDTrb ee bx nojii, ilayTRr, As^^Ke Gora^n, 
TaRse EO CpesraiorB naAajBiQ. TaR'B RaRi» <onofl» (paspHB'B cepAi],a) 
cqETaeicfl y eexx laRofi cMopTBio, nocjit ROTopofi meoo HSAOxmeft 

CROTEEBI MOSEO tCTB TaKSO, RaR'B E MflCO BCBROfi yfiHTOft E dapisaE- 
EOfi> TO OSE CJIHmROM'B 8J[OynOTpe6jiaR)TB BTOfi 60J[t3EBI), H RaR'B 
tOJLBRO naABTB SHBOTEOe, Bl» OCOfiOEEOCTE SEpEOO H COfijiaSEHXeJIBSOe, 
GEE rOBOpflTB, ^TO OHO cnpOHaJlO OTX onofl». T'b SB ERyiU H REp- 
rfl3U ^AflTB JlfiiXQ MflCO SHBOTEUXl, naBEIflX'B OTB EOBaJIBBBLX'B dOJl'bS- 
soft, CH6HpCR0ft flSBU, ^yMH B T. H. IIpE 8T0M^ flRyiU C^ETaSOTB EO- 
06X0AHM£IM1> TOJIBRO 0C06eBBUM'B 06pa30Ml, TH^axejIBEO, npHFOTOBETb 

MECO^ a RHprESK npHROJiK)TB 8a6oi['6BuiyK) CROTEHy, npesAO q^Mi OHa 
ycnieTB HSAOXHyxB CBoeJo CMepiBro. flayiH h ntROTopHe APyrie heo- 
poAii;Bi RpafiEaro ciaepa, b'b rosa'& semh, RorAa nsii^a noA^epeica, 
a pii6Haro npoMUCJia en^e saqflaaTB eojibse, qacio cHEManrB cb oroei 
sosy EajiflMOBi, cjEysflBmyD bu'&cto ctorojib, e ynoipedjiflioTB' ee B'B 

EEE^y. ELHOpOAAH paSJIEHEUX'B M'J^CTEOCTeft ynOTpe6jUiK)T'B B'B HEElty 



HHOPOAI^I H HHOPO;i;?. BOnPOCL HA HHS. BCBPOC. BBICTABK-B. 85 

Mflco OBpaaKOBi, Hepn'L (oco6h8 bhji;^ TiDJieHa: phoca baicalensis), 
MeABi;^efi, i];aniefi, aHoroB'L, BopoHii e ;^. mvLuj, h shbothhxx. 
TaKafl Hepasdop^HBocTB bi> usun^k o67Cji[OBjrHBaeTCfl EpafiHet 6£;(- 

HOCTBK) HHOpOJ^B^eB^, EOTOpEIlfb ^aCTO npEXO^HTCa OCTaHaBJEHBaTBOfl 

nepeA^ ajBiepHaTHBOft: roioj^aTB hjth ynoTpe6j!raTB b'l nnmy to, ^rro 
npeTHTB j^ase htl neTpedoBaiejiBHOMy BRycy. 



IIOHflTHO, ^TO Heo6xo;^HMOCTB BUfiXH H31» RpafiHO EOyAOBJieTBOpH- 

TenBHaro aROHOMH^ecEaro nojioaceHia sacTaBJmerB HHopoAi^eB'B azv/k-^ 
EflTB $opHy GBoero xosflScTBa h HsiicsHBaTB HOBHE cpoj^CTBa cyn^e- 
CTBOBaEifl. B'L OTOifB OTflomeHiE flOJioseHie HHopoAi^es'L caiiaro spafi- 
Haro ctBepa, xixi MicTHOCTeft, ^j^i xJii6onainecTBO EeB03M0«H0» 
BEOJiE']^ 6e3noHon^Eoe. 3Ta to fiesnoMoniEOCTB e EBJiaeTca oahoS es'b 
naBHHX'B npH^EHi BUMspaEia e yracaaia i^tj[Hxi> nJioMesi. B^ Ryjn- 
TypEo-seifjieAiJiBqecEOfi nojoct Ce6hpe nepBoe h eASECTBeEsoe caace- 
Hie EEopoAAu saxoAarB ce6i bi» nepexOAt OTh cEOTOBOA^ocEaro xo- 
saacTBa eI) seMJieA^jiB^ecEOMy. Stotx nepexoAi* csa^aia a^'Otce o^oeb 
Tpy^EO. UoEyaEa dojuie eah HOEie pau^ioEajBEUx'B seuieAtJiBiecEHX'B 
opyAifi EOAocTyasa sa^uiEaioniEM'B 36MJ[eA^Bi];aMi>, EaEi Bci^ACTBie 
HXi 6iAH0CTE, TaRi E BCjrfcACTBie Toro, ^TO EeCojEmie pasMipa sa- 
naniEE eg HoryrB osynETB OojiBniEX'B saTpaTX Ea xopomia eeboe- 
TapB. Pa6o^ift okot'b en^e eo npEonoco6ieE'B sb 3eHj[eAtiB'9ecRflii'B 
paeoTaM-B. Bi pesyjiBTaTi pafiorB h bi ypoaai e^tb toS yBipoEEO- 
CTH, EOTopaa noAAepacBBaeTB bt. Tpy^i CTapuxi e onHXEUXi* 3eMie- 
AiJiiBi];eBX. «B'B cxapHEy ciajEE jJL^(yb TaEii: BCEonaDTB sofi-sasi 3eifJ[K> 
jionaToft — T0IBE0-6H ^epflija, pasfipocarorB ciiia, saTiMi BosBMyrB 
cysoBaTyi), pacEEAECTyn b^tbb sa soseii,^ e BOJio^arB eg namEi... 
BoTB fl 3a6opoEEj[E... BC6 ctiffl sa Bepxy... npEJieTETB ETBipi H no- 
jTOBBEy c'BiAa'Pt^ *)... y EaqnEaioniBx^ seiueA'tJiie BEprasoBT) coxy 
npeACTasjiaeTi Eycosi AOpOBa cb sEejisEBrirB sasoEe^EEEOMi* 6e3% 
oTBajia, a BMicTo 6opoEH cayaarB ApeBecsHe cy^Ba. Tasia seo opy- 
Aifl o6pa6oTEE noqBH hk BCTpi^aoM'B Ea BUCTaBE*]^ cpoAE aP^beo- 
creft MBEycEECEaro Hy3ea. Yfiopsa e MOJroTB6a xjiifia, nepeiiaiUBa- 
Eie sepsa bi MyEy Tasse coBepniaDTca npa noHon^fl canux'B nepso- 
6uTEBix'B opyAift, AiJaromBxi npoB3BOAHTejiBEocTB TpyAa EpaftEO ee^- 
TOSEOfi. BypaTH, sasx padCEasBrBaioT'b orapEEE, vb erapEEy pyEaira 

BUpUSaiE EOJLOCBfl BHiCTJ^ Cl» EOpEEME ES^ BOMJEE fl 36pE0 OTB ME- 

EESu oTfiEpajE pyEaHfl. ^aTB xjrb6'B cepnaME e 0Ba3BiBaTB ceoeei 
EayrajEi exi, no ex^ caoBaMX, Cb. HHEOJiaft ^yAOTBopei;^. ilKyrH 
Bx fiujuiia BpeMOEa cpBrBajiE xM'h pyEanE, no OAEOMy EOJiocy, no 
utpi coBpiBafliji xji'£6a. Kojiocba cymEiE Ea cojmn^t e padMHEaiE 
pyBaMB. TaRie cnocoCii e ao cbxx nop^ npaETEEyioTca b-b nefiojcb- 
niBX'B aEyrcEEXi xosaftcxBaxx. Y 6yparB aa oEpaEEaxi EyjBTypEO- 



*") C^pomeBCBiik, exp. 289. 



86 PyCCKOE BOFATGTBO. 

seMjreAfijiLqecKot noiocH EpRyTCKoft rytfepHifl h j axjroB'b hotth 
noBCBHlcTHO coxpaHZJfflCB CTjiiKH ^ifix ToneHifl sepHa, py^Hiie sa- 
MeHHue sepHOBa h jsfijRe AepeBflHHiie xepHOBa ci B6HTfiUfii b'b a6- 
peso nejiKHHH RaHemKaHH. OpyAifl bth, iipoH3Bo;piiQii[, Kone^HO, He 
iTfKy, a uoxoro Ka^ecTBa Kpyny, mosho Geulo BH;^Tb Ha BuoiaBsi. A ri 
caMOMy cnoco6y ne^eniH zii6a HHopoAi^i npHBURasoTB Me^JieHHo h 
nocieneHHo. EypaTH pasGRasHBaBrB, ^o ohh en^e HSAaBHO ne SHajiH 
ne^eft^ a neRm uMh bi doA. OjiBxoHORie 6ypaT£[ ao ohx-l nopi 
coxpaHHJiE cnocoCi npHFOTOBjieHifl «(^jHO^>: HCTOjqeHHoe bi ciynaxii 
sepHO OHH OMirnHBauTb CO cHOTaHofi H Rpyriue rohrh BiineRaDrB 
cpoAH xaHeHLes'b, saciinaBHHX'B sojrofi. flRyni no;i;EapHBaK)rb t^cto 
Ha cROBopoAR'b OROio RaHOiBROBi. HeyMlHBe BRycHo ne^ xii6u 8a- 
cTaBJirflerB BHopoAi^eBi ^amfi ynoipediUTL vyny b'b apfoitb bh;^: 
OHH no;aiininBa]DTB ee Kb pasnaro po;];a noxiefiRaiTL. 

MicTHas aAHHHHCTpaipfl npHxoAHia Ha noMon^B HHopoji^eoRoicy 
HaoeieHiD, ho Mips homoiqh ho Bcer;^a h ho Bes^i^ 6wlii ]^ecoo6- 
pasHH H ^acTo AOOTBraiH o6paTHUXi pesyxBTaTOB'L: npHHyAHTeiLHua 
KipH 0T6HBaiH oxoTy R'b BemeAtiBqecROMy ipy;^. OTHOCHreibHo 
BJiiHHUi uip'b, ROTOpufl npHHHHajia MicTHEH aptHHHCTpai^ifl j5,JiA pas- 
BHTifl soMJiieAiJtiH H oropOAHH^eoTBaBiRpai, oyn^eeiByDTBcaHUflnpo- 

THBOnOJIOaBHUfl MHiHJfl: OAHH OTHOCHTL HGRXD^HTeiBHO Ha C^eTB BJUHHlfl 

aAMHHHOipaipH coBpeMOHHoe pa3BHTie xj[i6onanieGTBa y 6ypaTB, Apyrie 
roBopflTB, ^TO OHO pasBHiocB fiiaroAapfl naiiiHEBniHircfl bi xpai axo- 
HOMHqecRHM'b oTHomeHlflMi H, 6j[aroAapfl BsiroAHim no^oHHUiTB h 
sjnucaTHqecREirb ycjuOBinirb, pasBHJOOL, necMompn na aA^Q^HHcipaTHB- 

HUH HipU. CH'i^O, ROHOmO, TaR06 BHOXHt OTpHI^aTeJIBHOe HH^Hie 

iri^paxi, cpoAH ROTopsxi 6iiJBfn ne tojibro nofiyAHTeiLHKH, ho h noon^- 

pHTeJCbHHfl, ROTOpUfl ^aCTO RJIOHHJLBCB JSTb TOMy, TTOfiBI nO^bftCTBOBaTB 
Ha BH0p0M6BT> HpHlfipOlTB, HO, (Yb ApyrOft CTOpOHN, BOtlTL SHaROMUlfB 
01 HGTOpieft paSBHTifl CeJIBCRarO XOSflHCTBa y HHOpOAHOBl HSSiOTHH cjy- 

qan, B'B poA^ Toro xaRofi, HanpHMipi, HpoESomejri c% pasBHTieHi xj[i6ona- 
mecTBait oropoAHH^ecTBa y fiyparB 6iiBinaro OisxoHCRaro B^AOMCTBa, 
BepxoiOHCRaro ORpyra. MIoTHux'BSHTejiefinpHHyAHTejiiBHOsacTaBJUiJKH 
noxyiiaTB sev jeA^ABqecRiH opyAifl h cbMena XAi6HHxx pacTenift h 
Rapio^eifl, OTfinpajH otb hhxi noAnncRH bi tohi, ^o ri» H3BicT- 
HOMy BpeMOHH y hexi* CjflfiTb HSBicTHoe ROJTH^ecTBO sananiRH. Bjia- 
0X8111 mT> HHopoAi^OFB H T^wb 6ypflTaHi, y Roro ORasexcfl 6oj[Bnie 
BanamRH, o6in;aHH 6ujih sarpaAu. Ho BCJi^ACTBie Toro, Tro^RJiEMaTE- 
^ecRifl ycjoBifl MicTHOCTE HsfijiaronpiflTHH ji^jia senjieAtiifl, nipu bte 
He AOCTErjUE plniflTejiBHO HERaxEX'B pesyjiBTaTOBi: npaBAa, na 6yHarB 
qacTO noRESHBajiECB agcatre h aaso cothe a6ceteh'b namHE, ho b'b 

AifiCTBETOJIBHOCTE SCOJl'ISO COX'B fl fiopOBTB nepOROBBEBaiOCB Ha MOTUFE 

H RonopyjiE^ KaRi tojibro ocjafiiBai'B nun MicTHaro HaqajiBCTsa, a 
seiueA^ie B'B B'^aomctb^ ao chx'b nopi. ho HrpaerB ^aRXflqeoRE 

HHRaROfi pOJIE. 

3x0 uoAJieHHoe h cjrafioe pasBExie seiueAtiiH o6i»flCHfleTOfl bobco 



hhopoai];h n^HHOPOA?.|BonpocT> ha retr. bcepog. buctabi^. 87 

H6 jliHBK) HHOpOAI^eB'B, KaRl» yTBepS^aDTB HHOrie. HaOSOJtLRO OHH 

oaoco6HU R'b TpyAj, mosho bh^tb Hs-b ouHcajii& pafioTB no pacqHCT&i 
xaKEA noAi) no&ocTb wb tovb se 6HBin6in> OjEBXoHCKOirb B'bAOMCTBt h 
H3^ ^OTorpaj^lft, HMiBmnxca Ha BUciaBKi. KaKi* HSBiorno, 6ypaT£i 
nameHi obohx'b HaBosoMi* ho jAoQpaiOTB. BeoL HaseMi yxoAHirB y hhx'l 
Ha canoe T^axeJiBHoe yAo6peHie hxi* tyiyroBiii, noKoooB'b npH ycaA&- 
Caxi. 8th ytyrH ne tojibko yAo6pflK)TOfl, ho en;e laHii, rAt octb xotl 
KaKaH hhO^ab boshoshoctb, HcsyccTBOHHo opomaniofl. OjiiiXOHCKoe 
HaoeAOHie, Hya^aacB bi noKooax^, hsi tokj bb foa'b yBejH^HBaerB 

HXli HJlOn^aAB HOB&UIH paC^HCTSaMH HSli nOA'B RaMHfl. ^fl BToro 

BpynnuH EaiieHB HSBJieKaeTca nsi seiuH h OTBOSHTca bi^ cTopony, 
HO^Ba o6pa3yeTCfl HCKyooTBOHHo .HyreirB HaKomeHifl hobbix'b h hobbixi 
OAooB-B Ha3dMa. Ho axoro Hajio. TaRi Kas'B KpaS btotb oxpaAaerB 
OTB HeAooTaTsa BjiarH, oibxohi^u npHHHMaDTi* Bci irfapu a&h xorOi 
4To6u saAepsaTB ee Ha obohxi yxyraxi*: ohh ycrpaHBaiDTB saupyAU 

1 OTBOAHT'B BOAy HO KaflaBaATB AaJIBKO Bl* CTOpOHy OTB ptsi); noKar 

tooth H3pi3HBa]0Ti> HpoAOJiBHUMH , KaHaBsanH A^fl ^ Toro, ^To6£i npH 
laaHiH 0H:bra h b'b ojiyqai AOSA^fi BOAa ho cxeKaia 6£iOTpo, a saAop- 
s^ajiacB vb no^Bi; hsi* xiua ycTpaHBasoTB na cbohxii yryraxi) ^htu 
$nyfix$ AJiH Toro, qxoSu okojio hhx'b OKoniflJioa sbmoid .CHtrB *), Jl 
Boe-xaKH, HBCMOTpfl Ha xaKie xpyABi, SHByrB ohh Kpafine Heo6e3ae- 
^HHo. KaKi jw^joTh xpyAHXBoa AKyxu, mosho bha'I^xb H31» cjiiAyK)- 
H^Hx-B cjioBi r. CipomeBO&aro: cBx na^aji Jitxa, KorAa aboitb sapu, 
Kooaxi no 6ojiBmelt ^acxH houk), ho yxpan^ h Be^epaMH. Chhtb 
AHeiTB. CoBTb Boo6n^e Majo — hIc&oabso ^acoB'B vh cyxKH. 3a xo b'b 
HeflacxHue ahh B£io£inaH)TGH ^ho B'b H:bpy — HHorAa 6e3'B nepepuBa 
oiiaxi» no 20 qacoB'B... Hpn njioxot nnn^t HHorAa aoxoahtb ao hoji- 
Haro HSHOHOseHifl. JI SHai) wb BajiraHxaflcKOirB yjiyci oiy^afi npe- 
MOHHaro cyMacmecxBifl, npHnHcaHHuft sHxejuucH no HcxHHi t^esM'^p- 
Hoiiy» xpyAy h nya^l. JLai^a paeoxann^xi a'^^^tch nOA'B eohoi^'b 
noKoca saKie-xo xynoyMHiui, cxps^ajiBHeoKifl, noxoAKa xflsejiaa h 
BHj[aa» (283—284). 

Tasaa cnocoOnocxB Kb xpyAy, koho^ho, ho BcerAa nponaAaexi 
A&poiTB H MHorie imofojmu noABHHyjHCB sna^HxejiBHO BnepeA> Ha 
nyxH pasBHxifl OKOHOMH^ecKaro 6jiarococxoflHifl h na nyxH nepexoAa 
Ki seMJieAtABiiecKOMy xodflicxny. fl yse ynoHHHan npo 6ypaTB 
HpKyxcRoft ryCepniH, ly^rnHxi. xjiiConanmoB'B cpeAH HHopoAn;eBi, 
Bypaxu HpEyxcEaro h BaiaraHcsaro OEpyroBi* npoHSBOAflxi xjDii6a 
cxoABEo, ^xo eseroAHO ho Menie 1 MHJuioHa nyAOBi cGuBanxi* na 
OTopony, rjEaBHuifB oCpasoMi vb flEyxcEy© o6j[acxB, na soaoxHe 
npiHCEH OjieEMHHCEO-BHXHHCEoft CHCXOMU. Y HHX'B yss BHOJEHt npa- 
BUBHoe H ycxaHOBHBmeeofl soMJieA'&iB^ecxoe xo3flficxBo, xt-se caMufl 
npiemi o6pa6oxRH ho^bh h y6opRH xjit6a, qxo h y pyccEHXT*. Y hhx^, 



*) HjuDocrpHpoBaHHoe onscame 6uTa cencsaro HaceaeHifl HpRyrcKoft ry6« 
OTp. 62 H 66—72. 



88 pyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

KaE'B H y pyccRHxi, pacnpocTpaHHK)TCfl bx uoenijifieQ BpeHfl Roiecjxff^ 

BtflJIKH B MOjrOTHJKH *). ECTB JifiOHQ 6ypHTCKia BtlOMCTBa, Tjjji MO- 

ma^B s^anamEH, npExo^fliueficfl Ha HaxHTBoe xo3flficTBO, BKtme qtirb 

Ta, ROTOpafl npHXOKHTCfl Ha HaJH^QOe XOSHSCTBO pyCCRHXl) RpeCTLOH'B 

cociOTHXT* BOJiooreft. YqeHHEH onepe;i;HJiH cbohx^ y^nrejeS. flEyrKr 
bt* jijkn^ pasBHTia 3eMJ^eJ^'feJIifl CJ^iJraJlH ropaaio Menie yon'fexoB'L, ^itb 
CypflTH. Oho h noHaiHo: EJiHMaTe^ecRia yciOBia flRyTCROft oCiacTH 
Vb o6mewb nedjaronpiHTHU ]^ie seifjuej^tjiifl. Tbwb He Monte, ci Has- 
j^ifB rojioifB HRyTH Bce 6oJiLnie h fiojiBme saxBaTBiBaioTB m> cboh pyRs 
npOHSBojicTBO xj[t6a h o'l RasAUM'B roj^osTB npoi^eHTHoe OTHomenie bbosh- 
Maro Bi flKyxcRyK) ofijiaoTL xjri6a e-b noTpe6MeMOMy na;^aeTi>. Bt> 
1841 r. aRyiH co6pajiH Bcero 1753 qexBepTH, a BTb 1890 r.— 51,259 
T. e. 56 % Bcero xjrtfia, cofipaHHaro bx ofijacTH. Xji46Hoe xosaficTBO 
paBBHBaeTCfl h y KHprHSOBi*. Tasi* 6ij[0RaMeHCRie £HprH3M, no cbh- 
irtTeJtBCTBy r. KaxanaeBa **), ci Eaa^n^Mt roj^oirt Bce 6ojR>nie h fiojrbnie 
BKC6JrflE)TCH Hdi CTonH Ha EaBa^LH norpaHH^HBifl JLHHiH. Ha TaRoe 
BucejireHle BJiiaeTL Ra2K;^iift ceoilro HH6yAB sHa^mxejrLHHS naj^evB 
CROTa BTb crews, Eax;taH aaoyxa, Rasj^oe 6ojLie hjih Monte o6ii^ee h 
^acTHoe ofinnmaHie EHprnsoB'L-cTenHHROBi. ^hcjihcb saqacryio vh 
OTj^ajreHHHxi. CTenHHXx bojtoctbxi, EHprnsH cb Raac;^HarB roAOM-L Boe 
6o]Lie lepflioTB cbhsb cb bthmh bojiocthue h, tbei cRasatB, oc&AaiOTB 
oROjro pyccRHX^ nooeieHifi. Mnorie hsi hhxi Astse xjionoxaia o 
saRpiujieHia 3a hhmh Rada^BBxi seHOJiB a 06% o6panteHiH axi vb 
RasaRH: xojilro hxoCu dosbojuhjih emi» ho nepeirbHaxB MaroMexancRoft 
pejiTHria. IIpaxoAH cna'^ajia Ha Jianiio sah BpeHeaHUX'B sapaCoxROB'B, 
RHprESH BpiyqaDxca sa^cb h r'b xjrb6onamecxBy. 



^M xoro, qxofiH noROH^HXB vb ycnixaMH bi cejiBOROMTi xoaaScxBi 

HHOpOAIi;eBl H CB ETb dROHOMHqeCRHU'B 6UX0M'B, H AO^SOH'B cEasaxB 

enie o6i> o^^hom-b EpynnoMi RyaxypHo-Hcxopa^ecEOii'L mart c^ijaH- 
HOMT. vb nocjtkjiMee Bpena HiROxopHMH HHopo;^ixaMH. Oihochxcjibho 
6ojiBmett HJiE HeHBmefi npo^nocxa a nocxoaHHOcxa npaEpinJieHia r% 
iRBjramaHX aaopojiicEi pa3A'i^aK)TGa aa dpoAa^axii, RoqeBUX^ a ocijir 
Jiuxi. £pojiiaqift 6hLTh — canaa aasRaa cxeneaB KyjiLxypu. Mu yse 
BHA'i^jiiE, ^xo ocxHRH ir^Haioxi 'cBOH acajKHHi^a H nep6xojiaxi> cb Mtcra 
Ha uicxo, oxiicRBBaa Jiyqniia pufiHBta Micxa. CaaoiAK neperoHanxi 
OBOB cxaj^a aa hobuh M-i^cxa, no ufp^ xoro, rbri oiena yHHqxoacaH)x% 
RopM'B Ha npesnaxi RoqeaBax'B. Tyarysu a aaparasM 6pOAaxi> no xafiri 
b-b noacRaxi sa saipeirB a Ambjo. Bpo^a^iift 6hx^ — canoe aeo6e3- 
ne^eHHoe cocxoanie, ne npaBasBTBaBDn^ee aaopoAB^a ri oAHoay onpe- 
fffeaeHHOMy Micry, ne xpefiyDn^ee oxt> nero ocofioft 8a6oxjiHB0cxH o 



*) Cm. PIjiJiocTpHpoBaHHoe onHcanie h t. ;^. Cxp. 107—111. 
**) 3anHCKH 3aa. Ch6. ota. PyccK. Teorp. 06m. kh. XIV sun. 2. Ilpa- 
HpTumcKie RaaaRH h RHprHsu CeMHuajaTHHcsaro yt8;^a. Crp. 2. 



HHOPOAI^I H HHOPOA^. BOnPOCB HA HHS. BGEPOG. BHCTABE^. 8d 

6y;iymeirB, ho npHHysAaioii^ee ero AiJiaxb j^ifl oe6H e ;cjifl cia^'B 
cBOEXi KaEie HH6yAB saaacBi. 

Ko'ieBofi 6hti — bto yae ropa8;^o 6oJi4e BHCOKaa creneHB pasBirria, 

KoneBHMH npH3Ha]DTCfl rb HHOpOJI^Il^, ROTOpue HMilDT'L no Hi^CKOJIbKy 

nocTOHHHUxi SHiBm'B H nepe6HpaK)TCfl hst* o^Horo bt* APY^oe Ha 
onpeA'i^JieHHHJi BpeMena roAa. Ki ko^obuitb HHopoAi^aM'L OTHocflTca: 
HRyTH, 6ypflTif, SHprn3K[ n ap* ckotoboau. Bci dth BHopoAoifii nepe- 
fiBpaiDTCfl Ha JitTHee speirfl b'b TaKi> nasuBaeHue jmnrnunu hih Atb- 
moeKUy no6jiBse Ri nacTfiHH^aH'B, h na SHMHoe — B'B sumhuku mnm aw 
Moenu, xji^b y hhx'b HM^DTca lenjoifl h36u, OTafiRH h saronu, npH- 
onocofijieHHNe a^h bhmh, h r^t y HHopoweB'B, npHHaBmnxcH sa 
seMJieA'^Jiie, HaxoAaTca naniHH. HiROTopne hsi HHopoAi^eB'B EMi^iorB 
eme occhhuku h eecennuKu. 8to no 6oiBmefi qaoTH OTAaieHHiie 
OTB sHMHiiROB'B HOROCH, OTEy^a HoyAofiHo nepeBOBHTL c^HO H Ryjia, 
noBTOMy, oc6HBK> HJKH BBCHOD noperoHfleTGH CROTB jifiE Topo, 7ro6u 
cRopMHTB eny npHnacoHHoe ciHO. 

OdkjlJUiUR Ha3UBaK)TCfl HHOpoAil^fii, HMiionj^ie OAHO nOCTOHHHOe 
MicToacHTejiBCTBO H He noRHAaromie ero Rpyrjoift ro^^. Bi aAMHHH- 

PTpaTHBHOlfB OTHOmeHiE OC^A^UHE EJIH flCa^HUHH npE3HaH)TCH 'A 

EHopoAilH, ROTopne, npHHflBi» npaBocjaBle h bshbi bi senn pyccRHxi 
jrbBymeRi» h xenmfiWh, npEcejiHiiHCB ri pyccRHM'B A^peBEflirL hj[H 
o6pa30BajLE caHocroATeJiLHUH ociMwi nooejieHiE (KaptAMCKin AepeBHH, 
KapwMfA — y EpRyrcRExii h saCafiRaABCRsx'B 6ypflrB). Ocbji^jLue hho- 

VOJlJlfl, B^ 0CO6eHH00TE * T^^ ROTOpUO ^ECJIflTCfl B'B STOMl COCTOHHiH 

yze HJ^cROJBRO noROJi'i^Hid, ROTopHxi en^e npa^^A^ e npanpa^tAH 
B3HjrH ce6t pyccRHXi <aeHOR'B>, — no BfffcniHeMy eBoeiiy BH^y e no 
o6pa3y SHSHH yse hh^'6m'B ho OTjiH^aioTCfl orb RopeHHUX'L pyccREXi. 
Ore TOJiBRo npEnHcaHU He rt* pyccREMi boiocthmi, a rx EHopo^- 
^ecREiTB BiAOMCTBaH'B, nojiBsyDTCH HiROTopHMH jiBFOTaHH HO ynjiaii 

rOCyAapCTBOHEBIXX OfiOpOS'B E He OTfiUBaiOrB BOEHCROfi nOBEHHOCTE. 

'B'B HooiiAHee AOCflTEjlTie laRofi nepexoA'B bi» €OctAJUue» npiocxa- 

HOBJEOH'B. Ho RpOMJ^ dTEXX, I0pHAE?eCRE OC'&AJIIJX'B, eCTB 6^0 $aRTH- 

"^ecRE oclAJiHe flHopoAiU>i. 3th Moryrb 6iitb npasoojiaBHHMfl, ebu?- 
HHRaHE EJE JiaHaETaME, HoryrB eh'I^tb pycoREXi seni* ejh anopoAOR'B. 

K^ BTEITB ^aRTE^eCRE, a H6 lOpEAHqeCRE OCijlfiElWb {Vb aAlCEHECTpa- 
TEBHOMli OTHOmOHiE OHE ^ECJlflTCfl RO^OBUMe) OTSOCflTCfl 76 HHOpOAIi;^!, 
ROTOpUe, 3aHHBnjECB SeMieA^Jlieii'B H yOBOEFB HOBUH ^OpMH XOSflft- 

GTBa, HaniJiE HeBBrroAHUjrB nepeRo^eBHBaxB eaepoAHo e3'b sehherobi 
B'B jrbTHERE E o6paTHO,. E nocTenoHHO nepemjiE caifocTOETejirBHO otb 
RO^enaro 6£iTa ri ocijiKJOHy. Stotx nepexo;^ bhojih']^ nonaTeH'B e 
pai^oEajieH'B: HOBHroAHO setb Ha ABa xosaficTBa, HeyAOdno nocroflHHO 
nepeB03flTB yBeJEqEBaionUficfl EHBeHxapB, Heudfl ooxaBjaxB 6031 
HaACMoxpa RJiaAE e aM6apH xjnifia e x. a- *)*' npoii,eoci» nepexoAa 



*) noApo<5HOCTH ROiieB&flX'& H npoi^ecci nepezoAa 6ypflT'b vb oc^a-^ 
aoMy 6HTy cm. EimDcrpHpoBaHHoe onHcaHie h t.a. Cxp. 8, 115— 126, 197-^199, 



'80 PyCCROB BOrATGTBO. 

H8'b so^eBoro oooroflHifl wb ocbjiflOQ Ha6iK)Aa6TCfl ooo6eHHO cvjibho B'b 
nocjiiAHie foah y UHopoAiiieB'B, ^ep6X0AflI^HX^ otl CEOTOBOA^ecRaro 
xosflficTBa Kb seMJieA'bJni^eoKOiiy: KaRi hh jse bha^ih, owl Ha6i]o- 
Aae'TOfl H J sHprHSOB'L KOHeBHHKOBi, noKHAaDii](HX'b cxenn n ociAan- 
mjiTb oROJio Kasai^KHxi nocejieHifi, y 6ypflTB bi. pasHHX'B Micraxi 
HpRyTCKofi ryfiepHifl, HafijoDAaeTCfl h y AKyioBX, bi» ocofieHHocTH sa 
nrt otiiacTH, npa ^ewb aKyiii, nepeoTaBmie Ro^eBaTb b^ jt&thiirh^ 
KhKb H CypflTH, RaR'L-6u wb ycxynRy CTapsHt, EuiviTb bi> shm- 
HHRaxi OROJLO Hsfi'B 61116 H DpTU, RyAa nepefiHpaDTcii Ha jAto. 

dra cauocTOflTejiLHafl npiocxaiOBRa RO^eBaniA n nepexoA'B vb 
ocbAJroe cooTOflHie— bi» BucmejB CT6neHH BasHufi npoi^eccB. £ro hosho 
o^BTaxb npHSHaROH'b He tojilro npHonoco6j[fleHOCTH Haceienifl Ri ho- 

BaUT> 8R0E0MH?eCRHM'B OTHOmeHiflHl H R'B UOBhLWb ^OpMaiTB XOSflfiOTBa, 

HO Aa3R6 — npHSHaROH'b ys6 saBepmHBmarocfl npoi^eoca npnonocofijieHifl. 
KorAa HHopoAOi^ caMOCToaxejiBHO nepocTaeTB RoqesaxL, aro SHa^HT'B, 
4T0 A^fl Hero yace ne crotoboaotbo, a seirjieA'i^Jue nrpaerb rjaBH^HinyiD 
pojiTL, HTO B^ ero coBHaniH yse bhojih]^ yRopeHBjracB mhcib o Baac- 
HOOTH H noJiesHOCTH seuAeA^^BqecRaro npoMucjia. KorAa HHopoAeA'B 
nepeciaeTB RoqenaTB, 8to sna^HrB, ^to oh'b npiodpiiaerB sci^ maHCii 
nocraBHTB cBoe xo3flftcTBo Ha laRyD-ise Hory, RaRi oho ctohtb h 
y pyccRHX'B: ofb hosotb hmItb sananiRy, pyROBOACTByacB toj[bro na- 
jih^huhh GHJiaMH cBooro xoBflftcTfia, HoseTB yse hphhatbch h sa 
oropoAHH^ecTBo, ^ero ne MorB CA^aiB, RorAa no nicROJiBRy pasx B'B 

rOAy MiHHJI'B CBOH SHJiBE^a. 



Hhsroo KyAhtnypHoe oocTOHHie HHopoAi^eBB npesA^ Boero npoHB- 

JBfflerOfl B'B HXB 06pa3'& aCH3HH. RtO SHaOTB ne^HCTOnJEOTHOOTB HHO- 

poAH^eBB, HasnaROMOTBO hx'b o:b canuMH ocHOBHBUfn rHrieHH^ecRHMH 
H oaHHTapHUMH npaBHjTaHH, ujLOxiH, catfUH aHTHTHrieHHqecRifl ycjioBia 

ETb SH3HH E BOCnHXaHifl HXl A'^TOS, RTO BHA^JTB A^HHUfl, TeUHHfl 
H OMpaAHUH SHJIHina HHOpOAI^eBB, 3HaerB, BX RaROVB BHAt HaXOAHTCfl 

^CTO HX'B nema, — jifia, xix-B coBepineHHo hcho, RaRB ry6HTejiBHo 
AoiSHu AMcTBOBaxB Ha HacejieHie xaRie grbophhh ycAOBifl EXb pfi- 
MamneS 2kh3hh. Ha BucxaBRi, B'B pasjHqHBrx'B HopoA^ecRBX'B ox- 
A'lJiax'B, 6bijo HHoro $oxorpa4>HHecRHXB chhmrob^, npeAMexoBB, onH- 
canift H oTA'i^bHux'B nay^Ho - JHxepaxypHHXB pa6oxi h apJI'hx^ 

BROnOHaXOBB, no ROXOPKMB MOSHO 6BU0 nOSHaROMHXBOH CB ATPHUUH 

yoiOBiflMH HHopoA^ecRaro 6Hxa. 8th aTPhuh ycjioBifl noBEcoiaDxi cuepx- 

HOCXB CpOAH HHOpOAnOB'B H, B^pOHTHO, HMOHHO CJmmROBTB 60J[Binafl 

cMepxHocxB, a ne Majran posAaoMOcxB, cnysHTB npE^HHofi He3Ha«iH- 
TSJiBHaro poGxa h qacxo a^ukb yfiniH HHopoA^ecRaro HaceieHifl. R'B 
coaai'&Hix), niTB ith^p'b h e'Itb cxaxicxHRH ji,sa xoro, ^o6ii mosho 
6ujL0 npoBtpHXB 8X0 npoAnojioseHie. 

CeHefiHO-nojroBUH oxHomeniH HHopoAn;eBx ORAaAiiBaDxcfl xanse 
spaftne nedJuaronpiaxHO js^a hxb pasBHxia. Sa^ob na ^epBOM^ ujiaHt 



HHOPOAI^U H BHOPOA^. BOUPOCL HA HSS. BCEPOC. BUGTABK'B. 91 

iiaAO nocTaBHTb odu^afi yiuaTu Eajnina 3a HOBicTy. KajiHirB btotl 
^acTO JiHpiaerB MOJiOAoro h SAopoBaro ^ejnoB^Ka bosmoshooth Ha^axb 
oeneflHyD sh3hb; (tb APjrofi cTopoHii ciafiue, ho fioraiue, HiiiiDii^ie 
B03M02RHOCTB H^^cKOJiBKO pasi jnjiaTHTB JSAJiUiTb, 6epyrb Ge6t no ABi 
M Aftse BHorAa no TpH sohh, HOTHBHpya 8to uo CojirBmeft ^acTH 
rtui, qTO nepBue 6paKH tfeaniOAHu. MeacAy t^m^ npn^Hna 6e8iuiOAifl 
leacflTB qaoTO ho bi senax'B, a bb Mys'6. PaHHie h HopaBHse 6paRH» 
npesAO oqeHB pacnpocTpaneHHue opeAH BHopoAH^eBi, xaRse osasH- 
Baxu OTpHi^aTOJiBHoe BJiiHHie na ABHHOHie nacejieHifl y HHopoAAesB. 
MeaEAy tI^'b bc*]^ HSciiAOBaTOJH HHopoA^ecRaro fifirra yEasuBaiDTB Ha 
TO, ^TO laKie ^acTO ao ypoAinBOCTH HeHopHajtBHue 6paKE pacnpooxpa- 

HeHU H AO CHX'B HOpi. Mh^ CaMOMy UpHXOABULOOB BHA^TB B'B MpKyX- 

eKoft ry6. meoxHaAi^aTHjATHflro napHH senaTaro yse 6oj[Bine 7 ji^tb 

M ofipeMOHeHHarO MHOrOWCAeHHIW'B CeMefiCTBOH'B, AByMfl AO^OpHH H 

i^ByMfl cuHOBBflHH, 18'B KOTopux-B cTapmeuy mejL'b yse coabmoK foa'b; 
j^ecflTHjiiTHflro MajiB^Hsa, senaTaro na ABaAi^aTHJiiTneft A^Bymst; h 
jfHorflXB 15 — 17-Tn xIthhxi K)Homeft, seHaTHXii yse hIokojibko 
joAtb TOMy HasaAi. ^to RacaeTca npocTOTU h cbo6oah hoiobbix'b ot- 
HomeniA nnopoA^ecRHXi Hysqnn'B h sennpraii, to, wh bjljsj Toro qTO 
OTHomeHiH 8TH y 6oj[BniHHCTBa HHopoAi^eBi CB060AHU jiHmB MesAy 
HOiOAesBD, en^e neoBHaaBmeft ce6fl ysaHH 6paRa, wh bkjij tofo Taicse, ^to. 
A'&ByniRH, HMiBnrifl ao 6paRa A^Teft, He c^HraBToa onosopenHUMH, a 
HanpoxHB'B, HacTO A^ace flBJUnoxca npeAnovrHTOJiBHiiiHH EeBicTaMH, 
Tasi* KaRx oni yse AORaaajiH cboh) onocofinocTB Kb A^ToposAeHix),— 
BB BHAy 8Toro TpyAHo pimHTB, RaRoe BJiiflHie na ABHsenie nace- 
lenifl HMtoTB TaRafl CBo6oAa hoaobhx'b oTHomeHift. 

O^OHB HHOrO BpOAHBIX'B OTOpOHB, TaRSe ORHSHBaiDnpX'B OTpHI^a- 

TeiBHoe BAiHHie na shshb hhopoaaobi, HMierB npeofiiaAann^aa nlpa 
(SojiBniHHCTBa HX'B Ha cisepi — ^flSBi^ecTBo hjih maMaHHSiTB. IIoopeAHn- 

JUUfH MeSAy JEDABMH H 6oraMH, no MHtniD HSHCTHROBIi, HBIflDTCa 

HXB spei^ HJHH maMaHH. IIIaHaHU 8th ne OTJH^aDTCH hh ocofien- 
HUMi o6pa30BaHiein», he yqenocTBX). ^Jia Toro, qrofiu manaH^ MorB 
noj[B30BaTBC£ no^eTOM'B H yBasenieiTB cpoAH npocroro napoAa, owb 

AOJISOHB XOTB ^iMl* HH6yAB OTJIHqaTBCH OTB BTOFO HapOAa. Ob APJI^oS 

CTopoHu, caMBifl aRTB o6n^eHifl (tb BucniHMH Ao6puMH H BJouiH cy- 

n^eCTBaHH AOJISOFB RaRHMB HH6yAB BHimEHlTB o6pa3oirB OTpasaTBCfl 

Ha niaMant. IIOBTOHy-TO mavaHU, ROTOpue onooo6HU aoboabtb eeoH 
saRjuHHaHiflMH H cBfln^eHHOAi^icTBiflMH AO HepHnHXi npnuaAROBB, 
HoiBsyDTCfl naHfiojiBniHH'B no^eiOHi opoAH HHopoAi^eBi* maifaHHCTOBi. 
niaMaHOBB oneHB hhoto cpoAH HHopoAi^eB'B, pa3Hue maManoRie 06- 

pflAH, BX ROTOpBIXl BCOFAa O^eHB MHOFO MHCTH^eCRHXl, CHtfBOJOI^e-. 

ORBxi H BCHRHX'B TaHHCTBOHHuxB dieiceHTOB'B, coBepmaiOTca na rjia- 
saxi Bcero napoAa; nonaTHO noBTOMy, qro AOJKiie F^Ra ciyseniH 
BTofi Bipi He MorjLH ocraTBCfl 6e3i BAinnk na HepBHO-i(03roByK> op- 
raHH3ai;iio HHopoAnee'B. Boi ohh, no OAHHorjiacHOMy noRa3aHiK> h3- 
ej[iA06aTe:iefi, c^enB nepsHu, nne^aTiiHTejiLBHU h, o6j[aAafl Rpafine 



92 . PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

HeycToflTOBoS opraHHsai^ieft, jnerKo no^BepraioTca bghkhm'b HepBHHBf^ 
3a(5ojiiBaHiflM'L: oHEyinecTBO, HHepaqecTBO h pasHua $opMH HCTepo- 
dnnjrenTH^ecRHX'B safiojiiBaHift CBoficTBeHHU Bcikwh HHOpo;^ii;airB. 
^fl Toro, ^To6u HJurocTpHpoBaTL aiy mhcjb, a ^pHBe;^y hs-b Moeft 
cTaTBH CypHTaxTi HpKjpTCKoft ryfiepflin, noMtmeHsoft Wb nocitA- 
Hefi KHHacKi <H3BtcTift> BocToqHo-CH6HpcEaro OT^^tia HMnepaTop- 
cKaro pyccKaro reorpa^mecKaro ofimecTBa, ;^Ba ptsKHXi npHMipa, 
Majo HSBicTEHXT. o6mecTBy. Bypaiii MpKyicKofi ryfiepHiH noj^Bep^ 
T&eBU nepio;^HqecKHB['B dHHAeMH^ecRHM'B 3a6oj[tBaHiflM'B oahoh b-b 
BHcmefl CTeneHH HHiepecHoS, ho, kb ooacajiiiHiio, coBciin* ne Hayien- 
HOH, ncHXH^ecROB 6oj[i3RiH), Ha3£iBaeMofi no 6ypATCRH Hau%yp^ h 03- 
BicTHoft y pyccKHx-B KpecTBaH-B no^'B HMeHeMTb dypmhH. Ho ;^o6h- 
TUtfi MHOD yRasaHiHifB 6oji']^3HB 8Ta HaqHHaeTCfl cjnijiymmEMT) ofipasoiTB. 
BojUBHOft — namypmuM^ HcnHTHBaerB rojiOBORpyaeHie, JioMOTy Vh Tiffft, 
HBOr;^ npejoix rJia3aMH ero BepxaTca orfieHHHe Epyrn; RaRoe-To BHyi- 
peHHee CesnoxoftcTBO, HcnHTUBaeMoe 6ojiibhhm'b, ho nosBOMerB eiiy 

SaHHMaTBCH RaREH'B-HHfiyAB OAHQlfB A^JTOMl BIB A^Se OCTaBaTbCfl Ha 

o;^H0wrB MicT*. Ohx xoji.ht'b HSTb ;^0Ma b-b aomt», 03^ lopxH wb lopxy, 
TA* eropaAymflonpHHHMaiorB h yromaiOTi TapacyH0MT>(6ypaTCEiftjierEift 
cnnpTHufi HanHTORi), neperoHflenHH h3'b MOioRa h xjiida). BoiBHofi yse 
. AaBHO cJHfflaa'B, ^to no cocljACTBy r^i-TO xoahtb i3,ijiaa TOjna laRHrt- 
se, RaRT) H OH'B, 6ypflrB, ncnuTUBajoniHX'B BHyTpennee fiesnoRoficTBO h 
co3Haioni;BX'L, ^to hx-b xojTRaerB na qxo-xo h r^ qeiiy-xo Beflexi> RaBaa-xo 
HeBt^OMaa cBia. Owh npncoeAHHaexca ri n^otL apxejiH xaRHxi nafi- 
rypniHHOB'B, apxejiH, npoBO^HHRoiTB RoxopoS cjiysHxii qacxo oahhi 
3nopoBBift qeJioBiRX — a^atatl, AflAtRa. Bx xaRoftrpynni nafirypniHHOKB 
HHorAa fiHBaexx oahhi dyAamum — ni^o wh po^i cxapooxH. C^ oco6eH- 
hhmh ni^cHaHH, Roxopua xaRi» h nasuBaDxca naftrypHBiMH nicnaMH^ 
CO 3B0H0MI 6y6eHixoB'B H ROJiOROJiB^HROB'B, CB HeHoptfajBHO BosSys^eH- 
Hoft »ecxHRyj[an;iefi, rpynna Cojibhhx'b, nocxeneHHo yBemTOBaacB Bce 
dolie E 6oj['6e, nepexoAHxi» h3i> lopxu Vh npxy, hsi yjiryoa vh jjijiyh 
^BHKenie pacxexi — nibnue yjycH Haranaroxi HaSrypniHXB. BypaxH, 
seBapasHBrnieca 6ojiii^3HBBD, ex no^exoiTB npHHHMaiox'B y oe6a 601B- 
HMX^, cj[yniaK)X'B hxi nican, RopMaxi^ h yron^aK>xi hx^. BoRpyrB 
Ha&rypniHHOBi, b'B oco6eHHocxH AT^SkmHHa, axoro cBoeofipasHaro Gy- 
paxcRaro neAiyna, hoohxca opeojii* Ra&oro-xo sera^ia, Roxopoe npa- 
Aaexi HifB o6n^eHie ci BucmaHH cyn^eoxBaMH. B'B BajiaraHCRoirB, 
HpRyxcROMi) H BepxojeHGROM'B ORpyraxi* dxa 6oji13Hb fiujia chjibho 
pacnpocxpaHena bx aaqajit copoROBUxi ro^OBi. B&k BiAOvoxaa no- 
cxeneHHO nepexBopajiH eH) bi 6oj[Bniefi hjih HeHBmei cxeneaH, fioiisHE 
4)acnpocxpaHHjD[acB na 3 oRpyra h, saxHXHyB'B aa BpeHa, qpesi h'^crojibro 
jitx^ onaxB cxajia pasBHBax&ca. TaRHirB ofipasoM'B axa 6ojor]^HB nepio- 
AH^ecRH noBxopaexca b^ pasHHX'B nicxaxi, xo mapoRo paaiEBaaoB 
no B'i^AOMcxBaH'B, xo saxBaxuBaa JianiB oxAtiBHBia jh^hooxh. B% 6hb* 
meM'B Ojibxohoroh'b b^aomoxb']^, BepxojueacRaro CRpyra, emfi He xaR'B 
AaBHo, HMeHHo B'B 1887 r. 6ojL'kdB.h npHaaja o^ohb 6oj[Bmie pasnipH. 



HHOPOAI^II n HHOPOA^. BOnPOCB HA HHS. BCEPOG. BUGTABES. 93 

Ha?ajiT» HafirypHTB TavL fiypAX'B Ajia^ieBi*, EiaH^HHCEaro Bt^OMCTBa, 
Ri HeMj 6HCTpo craJiH npHCoeAHHATBca APjrie dojEBHBie, sapaasajiHOB 
i^^^e yjiycBi. Bb oco6eflHocTH mhofo safiojitBaHig 6ujlo bb yjiyoaxB 

XafipHKTHHCKOlTB, CeiTHCOCeHCKOMB, KyTyjBCKOHB H KyqyjIBrHHOSOHB. 

7 HpRyrcRHXB 6ypflTB ecTB Aase mhofo njatfaHOBi», noJEy^HBrnnxB 
€Hiy H npaBo matfaHETB fiesB npeA6*apHTejiBHofi noAroioBRH h o6h9- 
HUXB nocBflnteniH bb maiiaEU, a toabro BCJiiACTBie Toro, ^to ohh 
6HUIH HafirypmHHaMH. 

MesAy nouTaeM£iHH bb BajiaraHCROHB oRpyri h coc^ahrxb irb- 
cTaxB aamoMU — CoraMs mrb npesAe 6HBinHXB jrioAefi, h^hb HH6yAB 

OCoGeHHO OTlHqHBmHXCfl BB 3RH3HH, C'^HTaDTCfl TaRB HaSUBaeMIIfl 

cYjieftcRiji MHorifl»^ o npoHcxo»A6HiH ROTopuxB GypflTii pascRasuBaDTB 
Qfl'i^AT^ii^oe- OAHa yieficRaa 6ypflTRa BSxaHa 6ujD[a sauysB bb Tap- 
xafi. MysB ea oSpamaica cb Hen secroRO, ona tfiacajia otb Hero, 
GaiLBk HoftifaHa, noABeprjaoB mhophmb TflsenmrB HCTHaaHiflMB, comia 
CB yHa, cA^aiaoB maMaEROfi, y6isajia na poAHHy, fa^ BCRopi yAa- 
BHJiacB. nocjrb cvepTH ona Ciiua npHqHCJieHa 6ypflTaHH rb saflHaHi. 
Ea cyABfia ho ocraiaoB 6e3B Biianifi Ha yjeftcRHXB 6ypflT0RB. OrajiH 
nepioAH^ecRH noBTopHTBca ciy^aH ncHXH^ecRHXB 3a6ojrlBaHifi MesAy 
6ypaTaMH HofiojiBinoro yjieScRaro Bi^AOMCTBa. BypaxRH 8Th A'bJiajiEOB ma- 

UaHRaMH, ORaH^HBaJlH SH3HB CaHOyfiiftCTBOirB, UOCJA OUepTH npH^HCJlfl- 

jiHOB RB aaflHauB, yBoiH^HBaa maMaECRitt naHTeosB; no cBiA'^HiEUB 
IT. XaErajioBa e ArannroBa (Maiepiajiiii no ssy^eHiD manaECTBa) 
€yjieficRHXB MHorHXB» Hac^HTUBaioci^ 350 AyniB. Airowh npomiaro 
1895 r. MHi oaMOMy npEnuocB bea^tb noBicEBmyncE bb YjieScROiiB 
BiAoucTBi MOJioAyK) maHaERy, ROTopaa^no o^^ni^iajiBSOHy noRasaEiD 
6ypaTB, BB nocjiiAHie roAU cxpaAajia AymeBHKurB pascTpoficTBOMB, a 
no qacTEUMB pascRasaMB, maMaEH^a. Ta TaEscTBesEocTB, ROTopofi 
6iUE ORpyseEU 6oji'63sb h OHeprB 8ToS*6ypfiTRE, e ooo5oe qyBciBO 
peiHrioasaro no^HraEia e crpaxa, cb ROTopinrB roBopEAOCB o noRoS- 
HEi^i, AaDTB vwh ocEOBaEia Ay^aTB, tto e era maMaERa-oaMoy6ifii];a 
yse npEHnejireHa rb «yj[eficREMB MEorEMB». 

Bci ciBepEua nsopoACiu - maHasaoTH OTEocarca cb RaREMB-TO 
ocTopoacEHMB, ecjiE MOSEO TaRB BupaBHTBca^ yBaseaieMB e fliROTO- 

PBHIB CTpaXOMB RB nCEXE^ieCREHB 60J[BEUHB. ILo EXB MSiHiD, CyMa* 

cmecTBie npESEaRB fijuasRaro o6nieHia 6ojiBEoro cb BucmEUfl cyn^e- 
CTBaME. 9to e npE3EaRB, a OT^acTE E npaqHEa sepBEo-HosroBoro 
nepeyTOMJieEia, aBHBmaroca BCJutACTBie matfaECRofi «qepE08> Btpn 
BEopoAueBB, noiosEBmeft na eexb rjiyooRiSr OTaeqaTORB, ryfiHxejiBEO 
A^ftcTByBoniefi Ea shxb e cjiysan^efi oaeoS esb npE^HEB, saAopsE- 
BaK)n;BXB EXB pocTB fl pa3BaTie. 



He 6yAy ocTaEaBJiaBaiBca 3AicB, 3a HeAOcraTROHB HicTa, sa Apy* 
TEXB BpeABuxB CToposaxB maiiaECTBa, sa npoEaRaH)n]^XB Bce 6oj[te 
B (Soji'i^e BB maMaECRyi) cpoAy bcerexb seqecTHUXB cnoco6axB ji^ii- 



94 pyCCEOB BOrATGTBO. 

oTBift, BRoiuoaTHpyioiaHxii TBMj z. H6B'&seoTBo sipyDn^Hxi, XHTpurE 
H ofiMaHEHxii npievax'B, npoHHRmExi* Kb mauaHaH'L noKb BiiaHieirb 
BOflSHXi pasiaraion^Bxi BjreMeHTOB'B, BopBaBniHxcfl bi* noci'&AHee Bpeiui 
Bi HHopoA^ecRyx) cpe^y h noj^puBaiamBxi nxi HpaBOTBeEHiie,— He 
flSu^ecKie, koho^ho, a ofin^e-qenoBi^eoRie, ycTOH. Bpefli mavaHOTBa e 
Boofin^e asii^eosaro RyjiLTa o6ii^enpH3HaH^, Heo6xoAHMOGTb nponarasAK 
Gojr&e BucoKofl Bipn cpeAn HHopoAi];eBi He noAiesHTb coHHimD. R<b 
BTOMy HanpaBiena A'i^flTeiBHOCTB npaBooiaBHaro AyxoBeHCTsa h a^iiH- 
HHorpai^iH. Hama megcU H3AaBEa jtjbicTBj&r'h Ha ch6hpokhx'b OEpan- 
Haxi, cpe^^H HHopo;^i^eB'B. Ho ^to mh bhj^hitb^ Kasie peayxBiaTu A^a 
UHorojri^THflfl ooeAHHeHHaH A^aiejiBHOCTB aAHEHnorpai^iH h Ay^oBencTBa? 
KojmqeoTBO o6pan^eHHiiX'L bi opaBOOJiaBie EHopoAHieBx— rpoMaAHoe, 
BiiflHie 8Toro ofipan^eHui na ATxoBHo-HpaBOTBeHHoe oooroEHie, na^ 
o6pa3i SH3HH E 6ht'l EHopoAi^eBi*,— MEHHMajiBHoe. Hsi imoro?HCj[6H- 
HHXX HBAaHift, HMiBmEXGa Ha BHciaBKi H OTqaoTE npeAoraBJULBniExi 
eKcnoHaTU pasHsx'B utoTHux'B y^emix'B o6n^ecTB'L, mi yfiisAftevoH 
Bi DTOMi». OcTEKH H oavo'J^AK c^Bopa To6oj[BCKOfl ry6epHiE AStse lairb, 
Tsjk npaBOOiaBie OAtiaio HaE6oiie ycntxoBi, bo BceK HEoroTi coxpa- 
BEJiE flSBi^ecKie o6pflAU- ^SsyTH no^TE Bci HOMHHajiiBHue xpsoTiaHe H 
^aKTE^ecKie esutoekh. MHcoioHepoEaE A^ieJiBHOCTB ho^th y Botxi 
EHopoAi(6Bi xocTEFJia coBepmeEHG o;i;EsaKOBiix'B peayjEBTaTOB'L. Bi 
«Tpy;^axi no yqaciiro Boctoiho-Ce6. Ota. Feorp. 06in. na Boepocoift- 

CROfi BUOTaBE^i fl HECaJH pesyiLTaTaXl HEOCiOHepCROfi A'^^niOIBHOOTE 

cpe^E GypETB HpRyroRoft ry6epHiE Tose, iro mosso CRasaxB o ea pe- 
pesyjibTax'B e ope^E APjrExi HHopo;n^eBx. «BypflT£i a^bho cTaxE upE- 
HEHaTB npaBOoiaBHyD Bipy. Ohh noooqiflJiflOB r'b arotfy noAapRauE, 
Earpa^auE e pasHfiiHE jubroTaHE. 76isAeaie h npooBin^eEie bb js^A 
npEHETifl dyparaME npaBOcnaBiE Hrpajra npesAe caMyn HesHa^ETeib- 
HyK) poiB. noonipfliaoB h Harpas^ajiaoB ap[ESflCTpaI^fl, bb ORpyri 
KOTopoft fisuo Msoro o6pameHifi bi npaBOOiasie, HarpasAA^HCB 6oiie 
yoepAEue MEcoiosepti e nopsi^aiECB laRie, Bi craHt ROTopuxi fiuBajio 
Hajioo6paii;eHifi. BypfliairB, coAtfioTBOBaBinEMB pacnpocTpaneHiK) npa- 
BocjiaBifl, paBAaBaJTHCB no^eTHUE Harpa^u, Ra^taHH, nncajiHCB fijia- 
rocjEOBenifl. IIoHflTHO, Kb ^eny Monn npEBO^ETB TaRin litpu. RaRoft 
pacnpoGTpaHETejiBHEi^efl xpEoriascTBa uorjia ebetbce seMORaa no:sEi^ifl 
H RaREME nponaraH^^EciaME yqenifl XpncTa MorjiE 6£itb HerpaMOTHBie, 
HesHaBmie He tojibro pyccROfl Bipu, ho ^^acio h asBiRa, pa3HHe TaSniE 
H 3aciA&Tej[fl 6ypflTBi. ^jke noJiyqeHifl narpa^'B ohh npESiranE Kb na- 
cflJiiflH'B, RaR'B to 6uj[o, HaapEMipi), o6HapyseHO, B'b ESBioTSOirB ji,ijA 
o6paii^efliE b'b npasooiaBie ajiapcREX'B fiypflTB B'B 1891 r. AtflTeiB- 
HOCTB npaBOCJiaBHoft uECciH cpe^E 6ypfl'rB HpRyTORoft ry6. HeiBSE 
HasBaTB yAaqHofi. Xote rojie^ootbo Rpeiii;eHux'B fiyparB B03pocAO pfl 
oqeHB GoiBmoft i^E^pu s rt* HacTOEn^eiiy BpeMesE Rpen^esuxx 6y- 
pflTi fioiBflie %, HO 9Ty TpexB neiBSfl cqETaxb npaBooiaBHOio: ona, 
3a HCRjuBoiesieifB eAEHE^HUxB JiflqEOCTOE, coGjiioAaerB maiiaHCRie 
o6pflAU H sepTBonpEHomeHifl, yqaoTByerb bb Tafinarasaxi h, peaoitb 



HHOPOAl^U H HHOPOA^* BOnPOCL HA REM. BGEPOG. BUCTABKB. 9 5 

CI npaBOOiaBHOlt hkohoS, onpaTaHHofi rA^-HEfijAB vb daAHeiTB yriy 
npTBi HJEE fi,ou^, Ha bhj;houb Micrb a6Pshtb ohfohob'b h uhopo APT* 
vajTb pa8Hoo6pa3H£ix'L npeAMOTOBi maHaHCKaro hie fiyAAifiosaro RjiLia. 
EypflTu no GoiBmett ^acTH paBHOAymHu K'b AyxOBHiiui Bonpocaiii h 
jixi> pej[Hrio3Hiia BOssptHifl o^ohb CMyxEBi h sanyiaHii: h Kpen^eHue, 
H HeKpe^eHue CypaTH npndiraDrB OAHHaKOBo ki> noMOu^H n maiia- 
HOB'B, H UpaBOGiaBHEm OBfln^eHHHROBB, H laifB. Bb npasocjiaBHOft 
i^epKBH BEi Moxeie BoipiTHTB maHaHHOTa, craBan^aro BOCKOByD CBi^y 
nepeAii hbohoS Hasoiaa ^yAOTBopi^a hjih ob. HHHOROHTifl. Heyonirb 
Hameft hhgcIh cpeAs HHopoAi^eBii HaxoAHToa bb saBHCHMOciH otb mho- 
roHHGJieHHuxB npHUHi: npesAO Bcero oipfli^aTejiBHoe BiiaHie oKasu- 
BaJta HenpaBHJQiHafl nojiHTHsa HHOcioHopoBB, oxpeiiHBmHxoa ho kb 
Ka^ecTBeHHOMy, a kb sojiH.q60TBeHEOMy paonpooipaHeHii) xpzcTiaE- 
oTsa. He ptesifl no6yAHTejiBHiiH h noon^pHTeiBHiifl iiipii, ne niHTue 
xafnAHU H H6 MOAajiH AOJUKHU pacnpoorpaHHTB hcthhhoo xpHoriaH- 
CTBO, a xopomift npniiipi, ofipasoBame n pasynHaa nponoB^AB. Kb. 
BTOMy oosHafliK) npanuo vb nocjitAHoe Bpemi h o6n;ecTBO, h yiipaB- 
leaie mhocIh. TjiaBHEiH opeHflTCTBia, KOTopua BoxpiqaerB Moocia y 

HHOpOAABBB, — BtO HXB HaTOpiaiBEOe H AyXOBHOO y60X60TB0 H HOBft- 
ZeOTBO. 

Ho npHWHfii MaiuxB pedyjiBTaioBB uHccioEepoKoi Ai^eiBHOCTH 

lesaTB E6 BB OAHHXB TOJIBKO yOlOBiflXB HHOpOAqeCKOft CpOAU. ^ 
(kXIBmefi UOAOTBOpHOCTH BTOfi A^TOJI^HOOTH HOOfiXOAHMO npEHHTBL 

KipH KB noB£imeHiK> ypoBHa e juj^memio oooraaa e oaHHXB pacnpo- 
0TpaHHTej[e& npaBooJiaBifl, MEocionepoBB. He au kopo ho Tattsa, ^to 
o6ndft ypoBOHB Ay^oBeHOTsa oiAajieEHUXB otb ospaEHB Ch6epe 
KpaftHo HeyAOBieTBopETojieHB. MEccioaepcBaa a^tojebhootb bb eoteh-^ 

HOMB, BUCOROUB 01fB[CJlft 8T0r0 OJlOBa — TflSOJIUi HOABEPB. ^iffTeXB- 

HocTB era KpattHO ipyAaa e OTBiTGiBeHHa. BesB y6isAeHifl bb bh- 
coKofi BasHOCTE xbiVkj bb rpoMaAHMineiTB sHaqeHiH xpEcmHosoft eaoe, 
npE T&XB Kpattae HeyAoSHUXB h tesojiuxb yciOBiflXB, bb rotophxb 
oSpasoBaHHiift qejiOBlRBSflBerB bb EORyjiBTypHofi, qysAOfi OMy opeAi,— 

06u^H£lft MHCGiOHOpB HEROPAa SO HOSGTB CTOflTB Ha BUGOTfc OBOOPQ 

HOiosesifl. Bb meccuo aysHH HaEfioiie onoco6HBie h GsiAynue 

CBHn^eHHHRE, HO OHE, 3a eAHHE^HUMH HORJKUqeHiflMH, KOPAa HUE BCG- 
I^IO pyROBOAETB EAOfl, HO HAyPB TyAa. HeofixOAEMUfi ROSTEHPeHTBt 

VHCcioEepoBB HonoAHaeTGfl qacTO Hajio caiAyionviHE, ne noiyqEBmEME 
Aave o6Q(apo ofipasoBanifl, HeGnoco6HHME ui^aHE, ne MOpyn^EME sa- 
HflTB cBflnieHflEqecKiE BaRaHoiE bb ropoAaxB, fiopaTUXB oeiaxB s pa3- 
Hux'b xopomo o6cTaBieHHHXB E AoxoAHuxB npHXOAaxB. Jifia topo. 
qT06u HECoiosepcRafl A'bflTejBHOcTB nua ycnimHie, Heo6xoABHO no- 

BUOflTB 06niiS ypOBOHB CBEn^eHHEROBB— MEGGiOHOpOBB, a A^fl BTopa 

HysHO lyqme o6GraBETB h GAtiaiB 6ojiie gsoghumb exb cyn^ecTBO-. 
BaHie BB pxyxEXB h ne^ajiBHuxB EsopoAqeoRflXB hpexoa&xb. 



96 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

Hyh TbX'h CKyAHUXX ECTO^HEKOB-b, ROTOpue EMtlEGb HS BUCTaBKi 

no OTHomeHiH) zii nojosesiH) napodHOti tuKOAu cpe/ts HHopoA^iecKaro 
HacejieHia, mosho 6hio yfiiAHTLca tojibko bi o^homx, — BMenHO, ^to 
nocraHOBEa aioro wh BucmoE cTeneHE Baxsaro A'^Jia y HHOpoAi^eB'B 
ocraBjraeTB aeJiaTb eme oqeHL h o^chb MHoraro. Y BHopoffleBi To- 
6ojn>cEoft ry6. cooTOflHie niROJiBHaro jitiLB, heso BCHROfi rpetere. 8to 
jierRo odiflCHaeTCfl OTCTajiocTBiD nMeHHO btex'b EHopoj^i^eB'B, 

rpOHaAHOCTBK) pa3CT0flHift, OTA'bJTfllOIIlEX'L 0AEH1» HacejuoHHuft nyHRTB 

on» APyroro b, MoaeTi 6HTb, rjaBEHMi oOpaaoirb, EpafiHe* 64;iiH0CTbK), 
cpe;^B KOTopoft BJia^iarb CBoe cymecTBOsaHie octhrh, caMot^^H b BoryjH 
Kpafinaro ciBepa TofiojibcRoS ryO. Y aRyroBi ;^4JII0 napoAHaro o6pa3o- 
BaHifl oficTOBTb HeMHoro Jiy^rae, ho h to qacjio mROJrb bi> btoS rpoMa^- 
Hifimefl no npocTpancTBy o6jiacTH ho npeBiimaerb e Tpex'b ffeciiTROB'b. 
Jly^nie Bcero jijbjLo bto nocraBJieHo y 6yparb HpRyicEofl ryfiepaiB. IIpo- 
i^earb rpaHOTHMX'b e y^an^Exca Hy^cRaro nojia rx o6ni;eMy RoiE^ecTBy 
MyaiBHi paBHaeTca 7,2 ]i,m fiypaicRaro HacejieHia HpRyrcRon ry6ep- 
Bin, Kb TO BpeMa EaRi A^a pyccRaro obi» paBeai 12. BoJibme Bcero 
rpaMOTHocTB pasBBTa B'b BajiaraHCRoin» ORpyrb. S^iob % rpaMOTHUX^ 
pyccKHX'b Mya^BH'b — 12,4, a 6yparL — 9,0. 

EcjiH,npHHaTb BO BBBMaHie, too % rpaMOTEHXi cpe^E pyccREXi 
8Ha?ETejn>B0 noBumaeTca 6j[aroAapa 6oj[bniOMy ROJia^ecTBy rpaHOTHHX'b 
ccujibHux'b, ROTOpbix'b H'lkrb cpe^H 6ypaTii, to no Bcefi BipoaTEOcra, 
ORaaceTca, too 6ypaTU BaiaraacRaro ORpyra sa CTOJibRO-ace, a Moxerb 
6HTb, jifioae HeMHoro fioiie rpaMOTHH, ^ticb RopesEoe pyccRoe aace- 
jieaie oRpyra. Bo BcaROM-b cjyqat, ecrb OT^tJibHHa fiypaTCEia aiAOMCTBa, 
TAi % xosadcTB^ (Tb aajiE^BbitfE rpaiiOTaHMH ^Jieaaio Bume, ^ttf'b y 
atsoTopHX-b coctAeft pyccRExi, ciBTaa ji^a^e a rpaaoTBHX'b noceJOH- 
i^cBT). HoA^epRHeMi 3Atcb TO, TOO ABa TaREX-b Bt^oMCTBa, BoxaacRoe h 
YRHpcRoe^ AsiBmie, bo BpeHa cTaiacTERO-aROBOMBqecRaro nscjitAOBaBla, 
npoBSBeAeaaaro noRoflEHM-b H. M. AcTHpoBHM'b a rr. JiBqROBUjrb, 
CMBpaoBUMx, aaaSojibniiB % rpaMOTEEix'b, o6Bapy»BJ[B B'b Tose apoMa 
a BaH6ojibfflyH), no ryeepaia njioma^b aananiRE, 6ojibniyH), ^iirb B'b jibo- 
6oa RpecTbaacKoft bojioctb HpRyTCKoft ry6. (19 jec. aanaoiRB aa 1 aaa. 
XU3.). 3acjiy»BBaerb Tasae BBBMaaia to oficToarejibCTBO, too aMeaao 
BTB ABa BtAOMCTBa js^^tt 00 BpeMBEB X peBEsiE no 1889 r. aaadoibmift 
% npBpocTa Bacejieaia (+25,9 a +29,5%). BypaTH BOo6^^e CTpe- 
MaTca E-b rpaMOTBocTB, oaa ch oxoTOft nparjamaBorb am o6yqeBia 
rpaMorb cBOExrb A'^^ed cjryqafiabix'b ccbunbaux'b. Ho ae cMOTpa aa 
BTO, a 3Atcb A*Jio oSyqeaia cToarb AaJnoRo ae aa AOJanoft bhcotA. 
y^edaoe atAOMCTBo ae npEcnocofiaiocb ri* RpaSaeMy pa3Eoo6pa3iK) 
cocTaBa dypax-b B'b pasjua^BHX'b MicTaocxax-b. B'b to Bpeaa aasb 
0R020 Jiaaia MocROBCRaro TpaRia noqTE act 6ypaTu xopomo roBoparb 
no pyccRB E no o6pa3y aasaB, no RyjrbTypaHjrb npHBMqRaM'b Jiainb 
• aeMBorBM'b OTjraqaioTca orb pyccEEX^, dypaTHOTAaieaaHX'bBtAOMCTB'b 
BepxojieacRaro oRpyra hotob ae roBoparb no pyccRB a bo acett nop- 
BoGuTBoS qacTOTfa coxpaaajia caoS cxapaaaufi 6uTb a cbob stpoaa* 



' FHOPOAI^fl H HHOPOj[(?. BODPOCl Ek HH«. BCEPOC. BUGTABK'B. 97 
«iA. nOHflTHO, TIO TO, TTO XOpomO H yA06H0 JSfliL OAHOrO paioHs, 

spafiHe HeyAo6HO ;^ih Apyi^ro. BiaroAapa xasoft HeiipHcnoco6j[eHHOCTH 
ffporpaMKU Ki SH3HII, 6iaro;^apji HeyAOBieiBopnTeJiBHOMy cocroAHiD 
naccioHepcRaro AyxoBOHCTBa, a TaEse BOAi^CTBie Tbxi» ofin^nxi nps- 

«iaHT>, nO^l BliflHieiTb KOTOpUX'B I^epSOBHO-IipHXOAOKifl mROilH H B^EBpO- 

neftcKoft PocciH nocTaBJieHU xyse sevcKHxi* e VHHHCTepcKnxi, — wb 
Oh6iipe KHccioHepcEia mRoiH noibdjioTca. ropa3AO ueELmeft nonyjiflp- 

HOCTbD, ifkWb HSHHCTepCEifl. 9tO CUpaBe^JKHBO Bl 0C06eHH0GTH HO 

OTHomeHiK) k'b xiM-b MHOcioflepcKSHL niROiairs, npH KOTOpUX'B nui- 
lOTCfl nancioHH. Kas;(uft po^^ aoisrofl OTnpaBJirflTB no 1 y^OHEKy 
Wb TaKofi naHcioflii, e tski saK'L poAflTem OTiiycRaH)TB cboexi» A^Tet 
HeoxoTso, TO 6ypflTH[ Esor;^ oo6EpaioTB AeEBFE no pacKia^Ki e nia- 

TflTB dTE AeSBFE T^EB E3% CBOEXl pOAOBE^Oft, ROTOpBIO COrJtaCflTOfl 
OT^aTB CBOBXl* ^bTOS B'b 8TE mROXBI *). nOSflTflO HTO ^aROfi nopfiAORl» 

Beiqeft spafise HesopnajieffB e mosotb hm^tb jehib OTpEi^aTeiBEue 
pesyiBTaTU. 



Bb ^ijii pacnpocTpaEeEifl o6pa303aEifl, KaR% e bo ebofex'b 
;ipyrExi cToposaxi sesee, vjiib EpoEBJuieTCfl BJriflEie ap[EHBCTpa- 
^m sa yiy^meHie 6EiTa Esopo;q^eB'B, mh saTaiKEBaeHCE sa TaRoe 
ne^^JtBBoe EBiefiie: 6iariE EaiiipeBiE aAHEEEcrpai^is e KpynEiiE jifi- 
HesEUfl saTpaTU sa npEBeAOBie btexi* sau'&peEiS b-b EcnoiEeflie Ee 
emIktb aKej[aTej[BSiiixT» pesyiBTaTOBi* BCji^ACTBie Toro, tto Kasi^ejiEpiE, 
Bunycuaioii^iE i^HpRyjiEpH e np6;^nEcaBifl, ctoetb cjiEiiiROirB ;i;aieE0 otb 

jfbftCTBHTeJBEOft SE3EE E EO 3EaK)TB Ofl; ^TO, RpOM^ dTOFO^ flCEOJIHe- 

^ie 8TEX% npoAnEcasift BOdiaraeTca sa npej^CTaBfrrejiefi eeseexi* CTy- 
noEeft aAMESECTpaTEBEOft JH'IcTHei^u, cjyqaftflux'B jrEi^B, KOTopBrub 

BECROJIBRO Se Jlfy^OTE ESTOpeCU A^fiCTBETeJEBEarO ffbra fl KOTOpHBTB 

^y3KA& EflopoA^ecRafl se3eb. Ha Hamflx^ ORpaEsaxi^ eItb TaREXi^ 
jTEi^i E TaRExi y^pesAOflifi, KOTopuMX 6uia-6H SEaRova irbcTEaE 

a;E8EB, 6jIE3KH Ofl flHTepeOU E E3BtCTSII Afl SyS^H, E ROTOpHfl EirkfE 
6Ei AOCTaTO^EO CaHOCTOflTeJtBHOCTE Jl^ TOFO, TToCh SaflBJEETB 001 BTEXX 

sysAaxi. Ha EamExi ORpaEEaxi»sirB TaREXi opranoBi, KOTopue ctoejie- 
^u y cauot seshe, EutiE 611 e caME AOcraTO^so RoxnoTeETEOCTs vb 
npoA^jaxi irbponpiflTifi, RaoaiontEXGa MicTHMxi A'i^n, e EirbiE-fiu Bcb 
cpoACTBa js,]isi npaBBXBHaro e OBofioAEaro ofioysA^BiE EacroflrejrBEUX'B 

CBOEXB Ey»A^. OaHEX^ OIOBOITB, Ed EamEXl EEOpOA^eCREXl) ORpaE- 

Eaxi fltrb oprasoB-B seMORaro caEoyapaBxeEiE, ROTopoe CAtiaio ctojebro 
A^fl EBponeficROi PocciE. HirB ji^tblq KaREXi* saSyAB OTA^i^BEUX'B 
npeACTaBBTOJieft vb TaROMB poA*. BEtcio BToro cyn^ecTByiOTi oiapHe 
Aope^optfOBSfiie nopaARE, oyn^ecTByDTB tbr^b EasuBaeMua «8eMCRie» 
EcnpaBEERfl E saciAftTejiE, BpeMs ROTopBixi nonon^eEo rjaBEHarB 



*) HfliiiocTHpoBaHEoe OEHcaHie Cura cejiLcsaro Hacesema HpsyTCKoft ry6. 
Ctp. 132—136. 

M 12. OffAtn 1. 7 



98 PyCCKQS BOrATGTBO. 

o6pa30H'B HonojiHeHieirL BCflSExx ^hcto nojiHi^eficRHx^ ofiasaHHocieft. 
H KaKEX'B npeAcraBHTeiefl h Hcno^sHTeieS BiacTfl mh bhahmt* cpeAS 
seMCKOH noAHi^in, cpoAE iojiocTHUxi*, ynpaBCKHXX h ceibCRHXi nnca- 
pefi Ha HaniHX'B OTAaieHHHX'B HHopoA^ecKHX'b, a^ h ho HHOpo^^e- 
CKHXX OKpaHHaxii? Pea6HjiHTnpoBaHHiie yrojKOBHue ccuaBHue, noce- 
jieHABi, ea^e He BoscTaEOBjeEEue bi cbohx^ npaBaxi', Honoj^roTOB- 
jieHHHe, Haio o6pa30BaEHse 6uBmi6 EaHi^ejiapcRie ojiysHxejiH h ro- 
poACEie EBapxajiLHue HaASHpaTeiH, Hoyj^a^EHsn bchkexi bhaobi> h 
paapflAOB^, KOTopuifL HOEyAa GojiLme A'^fiaTBca — ^botb iip6o6j[aAaK)ni;i& 
djKeMeHTEl OHfinpcEoi a;iMBHncTpai^iE HHsmaro pa3pflAa- Bi> Ch6hph 
TOJiBEO h GJEKmnniB sajo6K na Hej^ocraTOE'L j[K>Aeft, nouonnHH&OBi, Ha 
H6AOCTaTosi» B£i6opa cjiyaan^EX'B. H 8to Bnojini hohatho: na^o cna- 
qajia yjiyiniHTb ofin^ia ycjioBia cyn^ecTBOBaEifl, noAHHTB o6mifi syjiB- 
typHufl ypoBe^B cTpanu, nocraBHTb jlrh^^ A'^ftcTBHiezLHO asejia^ioii^BX'B 
padoraTB, b'b ycjiOBia bosmoschocte laROfi pa6oT£i, — TorAa toibeo hosho 
HaA'bflTbCfl np.HBJie^ib si* cjiyxCt hctehhbix'b h nojfcesHux'B pa5oT- 
HHEOB'L. Mh e Bi PocciE saMiqaeiTb, ^to BCJi'&ACTBie pasjm^siiix'B 
ycioBifi Msorie nojKedHHe o6ii^ecTBesEHe A'^^toih h qflsoBHEEH OTcrpa- 

HHDTCfl OTb AiflTeiBHOCTE E CJLJ7Bi6u E EXl HtCTa SaOXynaiOTL H6HtQ 

Tpe6oBaTej[BHUfl h ycTO&qEBBiA jiHi^a, — ^bi» Cn6Epfl-se aro EBjieHie 
en^e 6ojiie noHflXHO. 

HeAocTaTosi> e Heyj^OBieTBopExejiLHoe cocroflfiie EoaoiHHTejKeft 
npaBHTeJiLCTBeEEHX'B npeABanepTaHift, o6maa i^tJiL EOiopiixi — [ipio6- 
n^BTb HsopoAi^eB'B EL oGn^e-pyccEoft Eyj[bTypi,>-spaHHe BpeAHo otsk- 
BaexcE Ha MHorExi cTopoflax'B EEopoA^^CEofi SH3HE. H o6n](ee le^e- 
Hie efl 6huiO'6hL ropas/^o 6oJite npaBEJSLEO, h BsoEOMH^eo&oe cocTOflflie 
6ujio-6u ropasAo BLime, eo Gbijio 6bi Toro cnaEBaflia HSopoAi^eB'Ly 

Tixi> 06MaHEUX'b Iipi6M0Bl> fl HiiyTSefi, EOTOpBTMB nOABepraSOTCE HflO- 
POWBI Bl> paSEUXl MiciaXl EamEXli OEpaEHb CO ClOpOHil BCHEEX^ 

ToproBi^eBx, csynn^HEOBx, pasHuxi npeAnpEEEHaTejiLeft i djiaroA'i^Te- 

Jiefi HecqaCTHilX'B, GeSXHTpOCTSHX'B H AOBipWBHX'B nepB06UTBB[X'B 

JUDAOH. Meopo pasjiaraiomEX'B sjieMeHTOB'B e mhofo caMux^ Hesejia- 
TOJiLHuxx flBji[6Hii B03HEEJ10 6j[aroAapa TOHy, ^TO flcnoaEHxejiEMH Bca- 
KEx^ npeAHa^epTaHifl flBJfljiHCB Jiflii;a, ajul EOTopuxi EHTepecBi 
H jLjTRjifii HfiopoAiiieB'L 6hULE coBepmeEHo ^SA^9 EOTopue npeai'bAO- 
BajH jamh cboe eopuctbhe i^^jie h MaiepiaJiBHUE BHroABi. Tasi^ 

Ea£l> A^fl npOBeAGHiE BCEEHX'B Ha^HHaEii, HCXOAEnUBX'B CO CTOpOHII 

Bucmefi aAtfBHECTpa^iE, npeACTaBHT6J[flEi> EHsmefl Hyaena 6HJia eomoii^b 
areHTOBii eq-l EHopoA^ecEOH cpeAiJ, sysEH 6buie nocpeAHERH mosaY 
AByME coBepmeflHo qyaAHMH OAsa APyrofi ctopoebmb, — BHopows^MH 
H aAMHHECTpa^iefi, — to ji^sl Toro, ^to6h bte areETU co&iioAajiH hetg- 
pecBi BJiacTE, Exi> HaA'i^flJiE necnpaBeAJiEBiiiHE npHBEJiJieriBME, eoto- 

PUMH JierEO 6UA0 3J[0yU0Tpe6lflTB, E TaEHUI) 06pa30]i'L B1> HEOpOA^O- 

CKyK) cpeAy 3asocEj[E sjieMeHTu BpasABi. SaposAajracB rjiyxaa 6opB6a 

HeXAy B36paHEEEaME BiaCTH E SapOAOITL, EOTOpBlfi dTHXli E36paSHE« 

EOBi cqETaj[i> CBOHME BparaMH H npoAaiejifliiE. Y B36paEHEEOB:b se 



HHOPOAI^H H HflOPOA^. BODPOCl HA HBS. BCEPOC. BUGTABK^. ' 99 

tiHia cBJia H X)Ha A&Baxa bmi bosmoshoctb HaxojiHTB ce6i nocjAjsfh 
Baiojiei H san^HTHHKOB'L yse bi CBoefi cpeAi. 



Mu vh caMUXi o6mjm'h ^epxaxi yKasajun Ha rjEaBHtfimiH, Han- 
6ojr66 A&Dmifl ce6fl SHaxB OTpni^aTejiiBHHa cioponu coBpeMennofi hho- 

pOA^eCKOt SH3HH. KpOlfi Till, KOTOpUXl TOBOpHJIH MBI, eOTB QmO 
HHOrO OTpHl^aTeJlBHUXl CTOpOHl, HO MU HB OCTanaBJIHBajDlflCB Ha HHTB, 

^ito6ki He yBejTH^HBaTB ^epesi) qypi pasHlpoBi cTaiBH. 

Mu BHAtiH, qxo MesAY bc^hh ciBepHiiMH HHopoAi^aMH Ch6eph9 
cpoAH 60jsie UH MOHie Kpynnux'B njieHeH'B, HaH6ojr&e fiesiiOMoni^HHiCH 
HaAO c^BTaxB octheob'b h caMOtAOBi; ohh HanMeHie npHcaocoOHJiHCB 

Kl HOBUMB 8B0H0MEqeCKBin> OTHOmeHiflMB, MOH'^e BCerO BSflJIH 0TB 

j[y^mExi cTopoHi sh3hh cBOBxi i^HBEJindaTopOB'B, pyccRHxi, H 6ojtbe 
Bcero cTpa^aDTB otb OTpBi];aTej[BHBix'B hxi cropoH'B. 8th HHOpOA^fiI 
AO CHXi nopi en^e nepeacHBaioTB cTaAiio (poAfl^aro fiBrra, daHflHanxcfl 
SBtpO- H pudOJIOBCTBOMB H JIBHIB Koe-FAt o6HapysEBaioTB cTpejfJieHie 
Kh nepexoAy b-b KoieBOiiy cKoroBOACKOMy 6HTy. 9th EHopoA^H hocto- 
noHHo yracaDTB. Ko^eBue flsyTU saHHMaioTB cpeAHee HicTo MesAy 
ch6hpcrhmh HHopoAi^aHE. HacTB Hxi yse CTajia saHHiiaTBCfl seiue- 
A^iieHx. no OTHomeHiH) kI) ABHsemib HacejueHifl^ HacROJiBKO hosho 

CyAHTB 06b BTOH'B JSdT> nM'6K)n^HXCa CKyAHUXl CTaXHOTHqeCKEX'b CBi- 

AtHi8, HRyTU TaKse saHHMaiorB cpoAHee ifi^cTO HOSAy t^me HHopoA- 
i^aiiH, KOTopue A^^H bb nocjitAHee Bpeiffl npEpocTi HaceJieHifl, h t^mh, 
EOTopEie A&JE j6ujih: ohe, cyAfl no HeMHornui h otplibohebiitb a^h- 
HUMB, AsuiH caifidfi HesHaqETejiBHufi npflpocTB. no pacupocrpaHeHiK) 

CpeAE HEXB rpaHOTHOCTH H 06pa30BaHlfl, OflE SaHEMaDTB AOBOJIBHO 

BucoEoe Micro cpeAH APyraxB EHopoAi^eBi ciBopa, ho ctohtb heso 
fiypaxB. HpKyTCKie Cyp^TH bo Bctxi» oTHomeBiflXB onepeAHJM APyraxB 
cifiepHBixB HHopoAi];eB'B Ch6hpe. Mnorie e3b hhxb nepexoAflXB ki 
ociAJioMy cocTOHHiio, CoJiBfflHHCTBO nopeffljio otb CKOTOBOAqecKaro kb 
soHJieAiJiBqecROMy xoaflficxBy, npH newh seMJieA^Jiie y hexb nocraB- 
JI6H0 noqiE TaRB ace, RaRi) h y pyccRHXi. Bb jiikjik pacnpocTpaHeHia 
o6pa30BaHiH h no cipeifjieHiio rb ncMy ohh TaRse saHHMaDTB nepfioe 
M-bcTO. Onn-se asjle h HaB6oji[Bnii£ ^/^ npHpocxa Hacejuenifl. npH 

dTOMB, HaH60J[ie 6iAH£2fl H OTCTaiUfl 6ypHTCRifl B^AOVCTBa — OTCXaJIUfl 

BO Bcix^ OTHomeHiaxi, a HanCojite fioraTwa h nepeAOBBW— onepe- 
AEJiE ApyrnxB bo BcixB OTBomeHiax'B. HanoMH© BoxaHCRoe h Yrhp- 
CRoe BtAOMCTBa, BaiaraHCRaro ORpyra, ROTopsifl o6Hapy»HJiH HaH6oiB- 
mjH) HJion^aAB sanamRE, HaHgojiBmyio oGn^yio BROHOMBqecRyK) o6e3- 
neqeHHOcTB, HaH6oj[BmyiD pacnpocxpaHeHHOCTB rpaiiOTHocTE h a&JIh 
HaHGojBmift . % npEpocxa naceiieHifl. 9x0 AORasuBaexx, hto rjiaBEbfi- 
inHMB ^aRxopoHB o6iiiaro 6j[aronojiyqiE ehopoai^ob'b HBiaexcfl fioiBmafl 
EJiH ueHBmaa npEcnocoOjieHHOcxB eb hobum'b ^opMauB xosaficxBa e, 
npesAGBcero, EB seMJiOAiJiiR). CoAificTBie npoi^eccy nepexoAa rb 8xhmb 

4):)pMaMBX03flfiCXBaH flBJlfleXCfl FJiaBHOH) 3a6oX0K) 8R0H0MHqeCE0il nOJUE- 

7* 



106 PyCCEOB BOrATCTBO. 

THKH no oTHomeHin ki HHopowairB. Othoohtoibho rixb hhopai^oobi, 
ROTopue sflByTB Ha ospaHHax'B, Tjiib pasBETie aeiueAiJiifl HeBOSNOXHo 
BCJi'l^ACTBie fleBuroj^Huxi no^BeHHUxi h KUMaTHqoEHXi ycjiOBift, era 
saxa^a ocjioSHfleTCff. SxtcB Heo6xoAHMO BcaqecKoe co;^OTBie noAA^p- 
saHiK) npexHHX'b npoMucxos'L, cTapaieiBHoe ofieperanie HHopoAAeB'b 
OTB BCflKHX'B BKcnjioaTaTopcKHX'B cTpoNieHift npHmeiBi^eBi, HSKCSaHle 

HOBIIXl nCTO^HHKOB'B H Cpe^OTB'B CJED^eCTBOBaHifl H, Vb CaMOHl Kpatt- 

uewb cjiy^at, nepecejieHie BiKOTOpfiiX'B HHopoAi^eB'BHaHOBiifl Htoa*). 

HeoGxoAHiia niBposaa, CHOTeMaTH^ecsafl pa6oTa, HanpaBieHHafl Ha 
ycTpaHeHie Bctxi i^xt* HefiiaroapiHiHuxi yaiOBift pasHaro nopflAsa,. 
noA'B BiiflHieifB KOTopuxi (Ran mu nuTaiHCB odi^flOHHTb Bume) h 
oBJaAUBaercH btotb cBonpooi>. 

Bi saAa^y nameft saMimii ho uoserB bxoahtb noApotisoe buao- 
H6Hie rbxi Mip^, ROTopiza au aioro Hyxiu. 

M£i xorbjiH TOJiBRO nodHaROHHTB ^HiaTeifl 01 rbwb^ vo aagti 
saHB BucraBRa jim BUHCHeHifl HaoToaniaro noiossHifl HHOpoAi^eBib 
Hamero ciBopa h ci^Bepo-BocroRa. 

Mh BflAEMi, ^To noioseHie bto o^ohb RpnmecRoe. Saciyra tIxi 

OTA^JIOBl BKCTaBKE, Vb ROTOpUX'B ^HFypHpyiOTB HHOpOAipi, Xa, ^TO 
OHH npOACTaBHlH HCTHHHOe OOBpCMeHHOO OOOTOHHiO nepB06UTHiIX'B 

jmAeft noRopeHHuxi HaMH oRpaHVB, cooTOflHie HaoTOJ[BRO sajiRoe, 

^0 R'b ESMtHOHlH) OFO HOMOAJIOHHO JSfiXSBU 6uTb HanpaBJOHU OaMHfl 

A'i^flxeiBHiifl ycEiifl. 

n. E. KyjiaKQBi». 



*) Ho, soHeoHo, oAHteH BsoHOVHqecKHMH v^OBpiiiTiiaiH He voserfc 
OiiTb pasp^meH'b cHHopoA^ecKlft BOiipoc'i>>. 



MOJIOXl. 

(DOBIiOTb) 

noceAiuaemcji B. ^. K — eoH. 



I. 

SasoACRifi ryAORi» peB%j[i> yxe Ao6purb dhtb MBHyrb, bosbI- 
B^afl Hanajio pa6oHaro ahh. 9totl ryctofi, xpHnjiufi 8ByRi>, Ra- 
saJDLOCL, buxoahjii OTRyAa-TO B8i> noAT» seifJiH h hhsro pascTiuiajica 
no 6fl noBepxHOCTH. MyTHufi pascBiTi* AOscAJiHBaro aBrycTOBCRaro 
AHH iipiiAaBaJii> eMy CTpaHHufi OTTiHORT> TOCRH H yrpo8ii. 

FyAORi sacTajii BHJKeHepa Bo6poBa sa ^aeici. Bi nocjiiAHie 
AHH AHApeft VLjLhsvh 0C066HH0 CHJUbHO CTpaAaJii CescoEHBi^eft. 
6e?epoMi>, JiojRacB wh nocTeJiB cb THxejioft roJiOBofi b nonBHyr- 
HO BdAparflBafl, tohho otb BHoaanHux'B tojihrobi, ohx BceraRB 
8a6uBajicfl AObojibho cRopo 6e8noROfiHBnrB, hopbhuitb choitb, ho 
npocunajica 8aAOJiro ao sapn, cobc^itb pasCHmfi, o6e8CBJieHHBift 
H pasApajReHHufi. 

npBqBHofi aroMy, 6e8i> cohh^hIji, Cbijio npaBCiBeHHoe b $b- 
8B?ecRoe nepeyiOMJieHie, a TaRxe AaBH^a npBBUHRa ri* hoarojr- 

HUITB BCnpUCRBBaHlfllTB MOp^U, OpBBUHRa, CB ROTOpOfi BobpOBl 

HaAHAXi HanaJii ynopHyio 6opB6y. 

TenepB ohi> cba^ji'b y oRHa b MajieHBRBMB rjioTRaMBnpBXJie- 
6uBajii Hafi, RasaBmificfl eiry 6e8BRycHuirB. IIo cieRJiaBrB moa- 
JI6HH0 CTpyBJiBCB RanjiB. JlyjRH Ha ABopi Mopn^BJio b pa6BJD[0 
on AOXA^. M8^ ORHa 6ujio bbaho He6ojiBnioe 08epO| ORpyxen- 

HOe^ TOHHO paMROft, ROCMaTUMB BeTJiaiCB ex BXl HB8RBMB, rOJDEI- 

MB cTBOJiaMB B cipofi 8ejieHBK). KoFAa noAHHMajtcji Bixepi, TO 
Ha HOBepxHOCTB 08epa BSAyBajiBCB b 6ijRajiB, 6yAT0 ToponacB, 
MOJiRlHy RopoTRifl BOJiHU. BjieRJoafl Tpana 6e8CHJiBH0 npBHBRJia 
DOAi* AOflCAOM'B Ri caMofi 8eMjiii. ^OMa 6jiBSHefi AepeByniRBy a^ 
poBBfl jiica, npoTHHyBmarocfl 8y6qaTOfi, TeHHOfi JieHiofi na ropn- 
soHTi, nojie Bi* HepHuxi b xojituxi 8anJiaTax'B,— bco BupBCO 

BilBaJIOCB C%p0 B HMCHO, TOTOO Vh TyMaH^. 

^acu noKasBiBaJiB ccbb, RorAa, HaA^Bi Ha ce6fl KJiceHnaTufi 
HJian^i ci> RamomoHOMi, Bo6poBi Bumejn* bsi* Aony. KaRi» b 



102 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

Bcb HepBHue jiioah, ohi Ra^oe yrpo HyBCTBOBaj['& c66h o^ohb 
Hexopomo: rkso 6ujio cjcafiOi b'l rjiaaaxi on^n^ajiacb lynan 

6OJIB, TO^HO KTO-TO A&BBJI'B Ha HHX3 CHJIBHO. CHapyJRH, BO piy^ — 

HonpIflTHUfi BRycB. Ho Bcero 6ojLhBie A^ftcxBOBaJTB aa eero toA 
BHyTpeHHift, AynieBHiiift'pasjiaA'B, ROTopuft ohi», BcejAa oco6eHHO 
CRJiOHHufi icB TOHsoMy ncHXHiocROHy anajiHsy, npHMinaji'b B'b 
ce6i Cb HOAaBH^ro BpeMeHH. ToBapHn^H Bo6poBa, rjiflAiBinie Ha 

TKSLSEh Cb CaMOft HOCJIOXHOft, BeCOJIOft H HpaRTHieCROfi TOHRH Spi- 

Hifl, HaB'i^pHo 0CM%flJiH-6H TO, ^TO npHHHHflJio OMy CTOJIBRO xaft- 
Hux'b CTpaAanifi, h ysi bo bchroitb cjiynai ne noHfljiH-6H ero. 
Ob Ra^EAHMi AHOicb B'B HOifB Bce 6oj[Bnie H CoJiBme napociajio 
OTBpan^eHie, hohth yjKacB Kb cJiysOt na saBOA'b. 

HecHacTie AnApea HjiBHia coctohjio wb toitb, ^to ohi He 

MOFB, RaEl 60JIBniHHCTB0, npHSHaBl H yBipOBaBl B'B RaRyiO-HH- 
6yAB HCTHHy H ASISO, RpaCHBO HCnOB'^AyA Oe B'B rOCTHHHEiXl, 

BecTH B'B TO SO Bpena cb JierRHU'B cepAi^OM'B coBepmeHHO HHyio, 

npOTHBHyiO HCTHHi JRHSHB. Ywb erO HHKOrAa HO OCiaHaBJIHBaJICH 

Ha 30JiOTofi cepeAHH'fi, — Dtoitb HaAejRHOifBy^ijKHn^i TpycoB'B h rjiyn- 
ilOBi, — a 6e3non(aAHO mejTB BnepoA'B naBCTptny nocjiiAQnicB bu- 
BOAaiTB* n, TaRHiriB o6pa30BrB, Heo^nAanno ajui caMoro ce6H, ohi> 
BApyrB oHyTHJica jiHi^oifB Kb jiHuy ci> y6ixAeHieBrB bo BpexHO- 

CTH TOrO f^^^j ROTOpOMy OHl CJiySHJTB H B'B TOBfB, ^TO UpH- 
BBIHRa Rl> OTHOCHTeJIBHOMy ROM^Opiy, CJia60CTB BOJIH, 60fl8HB Ha- 

ciffimeR'B H coTHH APyrnx'B hphhhh'b jehhib irimaiOTi eny BeciH 

HHyiO SH3HB. 

no CRjiaAy ero yna, no ero npHBiiHRaifB *h BRycairB, eny 
jiyHme Bcero 6£ijio-6h hocbathtb ce6a Ra6HHeTHi»rB saHHTlHMi, 
npo^^eccopcROfi A^TeaiBHOCTz hjih cejiBCROscy xoanftcTBy. HHse* 
HepHoe A'^Jio He yAOBJieTBopHJio ero h, ecjra6H ne nacxoHTejiBHoe 
sejiaHie naiepH, oh'b ocTaBHJi'B*6u HHCxniyrB en^e na xpexBeiCB 
Rypci* 

Ero Hiacnaa, no^xa seHCXBeHHafl naxypa acecxoRO cxpa^aJia 
orB rpy6Bixi» npHROCHOBenifi A^BcxBHxejiBHOCXH, C3 ea eseAHea- 
HUHH, cypoBUMH HyxAaMH. Oh'b cairB ce6a cpaBHHBajTB, B'B axoiTB 
OTHomemH, cb qejiOB'isoM'B, cb Roxoparo saszBo coApajiH Rosy • 
HnorAa nejio^H, HesaMineHHua APyrHMH, noxpacajiH ero ao rjiy- 
6hhh Aynin. 

Ero HapyjRHOcxB ocxaHOBHJia-6ii BHHMaHle ncHxiaxpa. Ohb 

611011 HeBBICORl pOCXOMl H AOBOJBHO XyA'B, B^pHio — cHJEAOR'B 

ROCTBK)». BoJiBnioflf, Ctjuuft, npeRpacHtift jio6i yRasuBajr'B b'b neiTB 
MucjiHxeaa. PacnrnpeHHue h, npaxoM'B, neoAHHaROBofi bojihiiihu 
spa^iRH 6ujiH xaRi BoaaRH, ^xo raasa^ Birbcxo cipux'B, RasaiacB 
HepnuMH. Fycxua, nepoBHua 6poBa cxoAiiaacB y nepeaocBa a 
npHAaBajia axani roiadaMib cxporoe, npacxaaBHoe BBipaxeme. 
ry6u y AHApea HaBana 6fiiaa aepBHBiai xoHRia, ho ne aaiia, a 
HeMHOf HecaMexpaHHBia: npaBBift yroaB pxa npaxoAHaca aeicHoro 



Moiorb. 103 

Binne jiiBaro; ycBi r 6opoAa HajieHBKie, shakio, 6%JiecoBa- 
rae, cjtOBOiTb «HeRoppeKTHfiie». IIpejiecTB ero bi cyn^iiocTsi He 
KpacHBaro JiEi^a aaKJuoianacB tojibro b-b yjni6ici^. Kor^a Bo6- 

P0B1» CMiHJICH/rJlia3a ero CTaHOBHJIHCB wbKEhHUS, H BBCeJIUVH. 

IIpoSAfl npJiBepcTBi, BoCpoB-b B8o6paJiCH na npHropoKB. Ilpa- 
vo noA'B ero HoraifH OTRpujiacB tHraHTCRaa nanopana saBOAa, 
pacKHHyBmaroca Ha naTBAecHT'B RBaApaTHBix'B BepcrB. 3to 6ijji'b 
A%jiufi ropoj^B HS'B Rpacnaro KHpnH^a, cb JiicoicB bucoro xopia* 
n^HiTB wb B08;[;yxi saRon^eHHUX'B Tpy6iy ropoA'B, BecB nponHiaH- 
Huflf sanaxoH'B cipu h seji'lsHaro yrapa, oroiyinaion^ift b%h- 
HuiTB, HecaiOJiRaeHUM^ rpoxoxoiTB. J[b1^ AoneHHUH ne^H rocnos* 

CTBOBaJIH EWb SaBOAOlTB CBOHHH MaCCHBHUMH Tpy6afifH. PhA0KT» 

CB HHMH BOSBumaJiocB BOceifB RayoepoBi, npeAHasHaieHHBix'B ajih 
i][HpRyjuiiUH HarpiTaro Bos^yxa, bocomb orpoimBix'B ^Rejrlsnux'B 
6ameHi>, ys'i^HHaHHUx'B RpyrjiUMn RynojiaHn. BoRpyrB Aonen- 
Hux'B ne^eft pa86pocaJiHGB spjtiR sAaHin: peHOHTHan MacTepcRaa, 
jiHTefiHuflf ABopi, npoMUBO^Han, napoBOSHan, peJUBConpoRaiHaH, 

MapTHHOBCRlH H HyAAHHrOBBIH HeHH H T. A* 

3aB0Ai» cnycRajica behsi Tpenn rpoMajtHNMH npHpoAHUMH 
<:TyneB^MH. Bo bc^xi HanpaBJieHiaxi CHOBajin MajieHBRie napo- 
B03BI. noRasuBajiCB Ha caMofi HH»Hefl[ CTyneHH, ohh cb npoHSH- 
TSJiBHuifB CBHCTOMi jieiijiH HaBopxi, HCHesajiH na HtcROJiBRo ce- 
RyHA'B B'B Tynejiaxi, OTRy^a BuptiBajiHCB, ORyiaHHue 6iJiH[irB na- 
poiTB, rpeniJiH no MOCiaifB h, HaROHei^'B, to^ho no BOSAyxy, ne- 
cjracB no RaueHHUH'B BCioRaAaM'B, hto6h c6pocHTB py^y h rorcb 
B'B caicyio TpyCf AOMeHHoft ne^H. ^ 

^ajDtBme, sa atoft npHpoAHOft Toppacoft, rjiasa pasSiraoracB bi 
TOiTB xaoci, ROTopufi npeACTaBJiHJia HS'B ce6ji m^cthoctb, npoA- 
HasHa^eHHaa a^ BosBeAeniH rpeTBeft h neTBepToft AOMeHEHxi ne- 
Hefi. KasaJiocB, RaRoft-To CTpamHuft noAseicHuft nepenoporB bbi- 
6pocHJi'B Hapyxy 3th CeaiHCJueHHua rpyAU n][e6HH, RHpnHHa pas- 
Huxi BOJiHinHx H i:(B%TOBi, nec^iaHUxi nnpaifHA'B, ropi njiHTHa- 
Ra, niTa6ejie& jROJi^a n Jiica. Bee axo 6bijio HarpoMOSAeno RaRi 
<5yATO-6H deal lOJiRy, cjiyqallHO. Cothh hoaboa'b h thchhh jho- 
Aeft cyeTHJdHCB sa^cb, tohho nypaBBH na passopenHOifB nypaBeft* 
HHR%. B'&iafi, TOHRaa h ijsjiSLB, HSBecTROBaa hhjib cio^Jia, RaRi 
TyifaHi, wb BOSAyx*. 

En^e A&^nie, na caMOMi Rpaio ropnaoHra, orojio A^nnaro 
TOBapnaro notsAd TOJinHJiscB pa6o^ie, pasrpysaBmie ero. IIo na- 

RJIOHHUITB AOCRaiTB, Cnyn^eHHUMl HS'B BarOHOB'B, HenpepuBHUiTB 

noTOROiTB RaTHJiHCB Ha seHJiH) RHpnH^H; CO SBOHOITB H AP^^es- 
Towb naAajio sojuiso; jiot^jih bi BosAyx'b, HsrnCaflCB h npysn- 
HflCB Ha Jiery, tohrIh aocrh. Oah^ uoaboabi HanpaBJiJiJiHCB zj> 
noisAy nopoacHHROifB, K9jnn. BepenHaeft BOSBpan^ajracB orryAa, 
HarpyjReHHUH ao Bepxy. Tucahh sByROB'B ciiirnHBajincB bi> orjiy- 
mHiejrBHyio CHM^Hiio; tohrIo, nacTue h iBepAue sByRH RaMeHB- 



104 PyCCKOS BOrATCTBO. 

n^^HXi sjCbjii, BBOHsie jAapu KJienajLii^BEOBi, H6RaHJiii(HX'b^ 
saRjieiiiii Ha KOiJiaxi, xflxejifiift rpoxon napoBuxi hojiotobI), mo- 
ryqie bsaoxh h cbbctb napoBuxii Tpy6'L nORpuBaaracB Hsp^Asa^ 
rjiyxBHH noA3eMHHMH BspuBaMH AHHaMHTHHX'B naxpoHOBi>, saciaB- 
jiflBinHMH AposaTb SeifJIK). 

9x0 6ujia KOJioccajiBHaH, saxBaxuBaioii^afl Kapxana; nepe^i^ 
Hefi B7> OAHHaKOBOicB HsyMJiefliH ocxaHOBHJUiCB-6ii H nodxi, H $H- 
jioco^B. ^ejiOB'lHecKift xpyAi> K]inijii> saIcb, RaKi^ orpoMHUfi,. 
CJCOSHUfl H TOHEhA MOXaHHSMB. TucfliH JuoAefi: EHflceeepoBB^ 
KaMeHLn^HROEB, MexaHEKOBi, njioxHBROBi, cjiecapefii seiuieRonoB'B^. 

CXOJI^pOB'B H Ky8Hei^0Bl COCpaJIElCB CIOAa H31> pasHuxi KonupB'b 

seMJiH, nxo6u, noBBHyacB jKejiisHOMy saROHj 6opb6h sa cyn^e- 
cxBOBaHiey oxAaxB cbob cbjiu, sAopoBBe, yiCB h aHepruo sa oabh'b^ 
X0JQ>R0 marb BiiepeAi> npoMBimjieHHaro nporpecca. 

HuH^^nmift a^hb Bo6poBi> oco6eHHO nexopomo ce6a ^y BCXBOBaJiB. 
liHorAa, noJioflUiMB o^enB p^ako, pasa xps Bjm nexupe bb foa'b^ 
y Hero bbjihjiocb secBMa cxpannoe, iceJiaHxojiBHeCRoe b bbtIcx^ 
CB xiiiB pasApaJCBxejiBHoe Hacxpoeme jijxd,. Cjiy^iaJiocB dxo o6ur- 
HOBeHHo BB HacMypHUA oceHHlfl yxpa, BJiH no BenepaiiB, bo Bpen^ 
SBMHefi pocxeneJiB. Bee bb ero rjiaaaxB nplo6pixajio CRy^Hufi h 
6e8i][BixHufi BBA'b, ^eoioBiqecRia JiBAa RasajiBCB MyxHBuiB, HORpa- 

CBBUMB BJIB COJSiSHeHHBIMH , CJlOBa SBy^aJlB OXRyAa-XO BSAaJIB, 

He BusuBaa HB^ero, RpoMt CRyRB. OcoCbhho pasApasajiB era 
ceroAHA, RorAa ohb oOxoabjqlb peoiBConpoRaxHufi iiixB, 6JiiAH£ui, 
BunaiRaHHua yrjieicB h xo^ho BucymeHHua orneuB junufi, pa6o- 

MBXB. TjiHJifi Hj^ BXB ynopHBlfi XpyA1>, BB XO BpeMH, ROrAa BX'B 

xiiia o6KBrajii> sapB pacRajieHHuxB iiaccB, ohb cairB RaRB 6yA- 
T0-6BI BCHHXBiBajiB HacxB BXB ^flSBHecRBXB cxpaAamfi. EMy xoFAa 

CXaHOBBJIOCB CXBIAHO B 8a CBOfi BUXOaieHEUfl BBAB, B 8a CBOe 

xoHRoe 6^Be, b sa xpB xuca^B CBoero roAOBoro sajtOBaHBfl. 



IL 

Ohb cxofljiB orojio CBapoHHofl neiB, cjiiA^ sa pa45oxofi. 

KaXAJK) MBHyxy ipOMaAHBlfl, ^fiIJIai0^^a siBB HQ^IH HIBpORO 

piacRpBiBajD[Cfly'Hxo6H HorjioH^axB oabhb sa APyrBMB ABaxi^axB-ny- 
AOBue naRexu pacRaJieHHOfl A0-6ijia cxaJiB, xojibro hxo BumeA- 
mie B3B HJiaMeHHuxB ne^efi. ^epesB nexsepxB ^aca ohb, opoxa- 
HyBHiBCB cb aACRBMB ipoxoxoMB HopesB A^caxRB cxaHROBB, yse 
CRJuaAUBajiBCB na ApyroMB rohii% MaciepCROfi ajihhhbimb, rjnaARBMB, 
6jiecxfln^BMB peoiBcaMB. 

Kxo-xo xpoHyjiB Eo6poBa csaAB sa njneno. Ohb AocaAJiBBO 
o6epHyjiCB b yBBA^JTb OAHoro bsb cocjiysBBiieBB— CBtxeBCRaro. 

3roxB CBtjKeBCRlfi cb ero BcerAa Heimoro corayxofl ^Brypofi^ 
He, XO RpaAy^efica, ne xo RjotaHaion^eftcB, cb ero Bi^HUMB zb- 



MOJOXt. 105 

xHKaHBeiTb H noTHpaHBen'B xojioahbixi>, HORpiiix'B pysi, Kasajica 
oco6eHHO HecBtfiiaTHHeHi> Bo6poBy. Bi Heiii Cbuio ^o-to 8a- 
BCRHBaio^ee, o6HJReHHoe h 8Jiio6floe. Oai b^hho sHaorb paHBine 
Bcixi saBOACRlH cnjueTHH n BfiiRjiaAUBaiii nxi ci ocoCeHHLiH'b 
yAOBOJiBCTBieiTB nepeAi* t^icb, souy ohh Cbijih HaHConibe He- 
npiflTfliii; Bi paaroBopi «e nepBHO cyetHJica emeicHHyTHa 
npHTporBBajiCft ri> 6oKairB, njie^aicB, pyKanx h nyroBHitaM'B 
co6ectAHHRa. 

— ^To 3T0 BECi, CateHBKa, xaKi AaBHO He bhaho? — cnpoco'B 
CBiseBCRifl; ohi> xHXHRajt^ h Hnjui bb cbohxi pyKaxB pyKy 
AHApefl HjiBiiHa. — Bee CHAHTe h rhbjrkh no^aiUBaexe? IIohhtu- 
Baexe Bce? 

— SApaBCXByfixe, — oxosBaJica nexoxa BoCpoBB, oxHHMaa py- 
Ry. — IIpocio MHi HesAopoBHJiocB 8X0 Bpewa. 

— y 3HHeHR0 3a eaMu bc* cocRyHHUHCB,— npoAOJixajiB 
MHorosHaHHxejiBHo CBiseBCKift. — Ox<iero bu y HHX^ He Cusaexe? 
A xaHi xpexBBxo aha 6ujii> Ai^pesTopi* h Baci> cnpaBJiajicfl. 
PaaroBopi aaioejiB RaRi xo AOMeHHuxB pa6oxaxB, h ohi 
BacB oxBUBajicji CB 6oJibmofi noxBaoiofi. 

— BjiarAapio Baci aa npiaxHoe HSBicxle, — yCMixnyjica Bch 

6pOB*B. 

— FoBopHJiB^ ^xo npaBJieHle Baci onenB i^HHrB, RaRB hh- 
SBHepa, o6jiaAaion;aro GojumflMH aHaeiaMH, h hxo bbi, ecJiH 6u 
saxortjoi, MorjiH 6u noflxH o^eHB AaJneRO. IIo ero MHiHlio, nanx 
BOBce He cjiiAOBaJio 6u oxAasaxB (|)paHAy8aMB Bfirpa6axBiBaxB 
DpodRTB saBOAa, ecjsB AOMa ecxB xaRie CB^Ay^l^ juoab, RaRi 

Bil. TOJIBRO... 

— Cefl^aci ^xo nnCyAB nenpiaxHoe CRaacexB,— noAyMajn 
AHApeft Hjibb^b. 

— TojiBRO, roBopaxB, Hexopomo, hxo bu xaRB yAanaexecB 
OTb o6n^ecxBa b npoBSBOABxe BoenxjiiHie aaiiRHyxaro neaoBiRa. 
HHRaRB He HoflMeniB, rxo bu xaROfi na caMOMi a^'^^ b He 
anaeniB, RaRB cb BaMB Aep^R&TBca. Axb, Aa!— BApyrB yAapBJTB 
€66a HO a6y CBiseBCRift, — a boxi 6oaxaK), a canoe BamHoe-xo 

B HOSaCuJI'B BEMB CRasaXB... ^BpORXOp'B DpOCBJIB BCtXB 6UXB 

HenpeiiiHHO saBxpa rb AB^eaAitaxB-HacoBOMy noidAy na BORaaai. 

— OaaxB CyAOMi BCxpiqaxB Roro HB6yAB? 

— CoBepmeHHO Bipno. YraAafixe Roro? 

J[bii;o CBiseBCRaro npBHaao ayRaBoe b xopacecxByion^ee bu- 
pajReHie. Ohx noxBpaai pyRH b, noBBABBOMy, BcnuxuBaai 6oaB- 
moe yAOBoaBCXBle, roxoBacB coo6ii^bxb CBisyio hobocxb. 

— IIpaBO He anaio Roro..» ^a a b ne nacxepi bobco yra- 
AbiBaxB, cRasaai BoCpoBB. 

— H4xi>, roayCHHTB, oxraA&fi^^e, noxaaycxa... Hy xoxb xaRB, 
HayraAB, Roro HB6yAB naaoBBxe... 

Eoi5poBB aaMoaqaai m cxaai* cb npeyBeaB^eHHUMB BflBManieii'B 



106 pyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

cji^AHTb sa A^ficTBiJiBni napoBoro Kpana. CB^xeBCRlft saMiTHJi^ 
8T0TX MaHeBpi H sacyeTEJiCH en^e 6ojiLme npe^Hflro. 

— Hh 8a HTO He CRaseTe... Hy, A^t fl yse He 6yAy Bacb 
6ojiiLme TOMHTB. JEAyrB €caMoro» RBaniHHHa. 

^aHHJiiK) OHi npoHSHecB cb TaRHiTB OTRpoBeHHUtfii noAo6o- 
cipacTieM'B, hto Bo6poBy Aajse npoTHBHO CA^JiajiocB. 

— ?T0 ace BH TyTB HaxoAHxe oco6eHHO Basuiaro?-^Qnpoci!JB['B 
He6pe^H0 AHApefi Hjsbh^i*. 

— KaRi, HTO ae oco6eHHaro? IIoMHJiyflTe. Bijih^ ohi b-b 
npaBJieHiH ^o saxoHeTi, to h A'lJiaerB: ero, RaR'B opasyjia, 
CJiymaiorB. Botb h lenepB npaBJieeie ynoJiaoMo^njio ero ycRO- 

PHTB pa60TU, TO-eCTB, BHUKH CJIOBaMH, OHB caiTB ce6fl ynOJIHO* 

uo'iHJi'B Ki diOMy. Bh yBHAHTO, RaRie rpouu h HOJiHin y nacB 
no^AyrB, KorAa oht» npitAeii... B% nponijioM'B roAy offB no- 
cipofiRy ocMaTpHBajni* — sto, RaseTC^, ao BacB en^e 6£rjio?.. TaRi 
AHpeRTopi H HeTBepo HHseHepoB'B HOJieTliiH CO c^OHXi Micrb 
K'B qepiy, y BacB saAyBRa-TO *) CRopo orohottm? 

— I^a yae hohth roiOBa. 

— Hy 3T0 xoporao. IIpH neMi, sHa^HTB, h OTRpHTie RaMna- 
HiH oinpasAyeHi n Hanajio RaneHHUx'B paSorB. Bu SBainnsHa 
caMoro BCipinajiH RorAa HH6yAB? 

— Hh pasy. $aHnjiiio, roho^ho, CJrumaji'B... 

— Ah TaRi Hiiijii yAOBOJiBCTBie. 3to acB s, BaMi CRasy 
TaRofl THHii, RaRHXi 6ojiBine He yBHAHie. Ero bccb neTep6ypn> 
sHaeri. Bo-nepBux'B, TaR'B tojictb^ hto y Hero pyRH na sHBori 
He cxoAHTCH. He BipHTO? ^ecTHoe cjiobo. Y nero h ocoCaa 
Rapeia TaRan ecrB, ta^ bch npaBaa ciopona OTBopaeicH Ha 
mapHHpax'B. Hpn eioBTB orpoimaro pocia, pfiixift, h roJioci, RaRi» 
Tpy6a iepHXOHCRan. Ho hto sa yMHHi^al Bo Bcixi» aRnionepHux'B 
o6n(ecTBax'B cocroHrB ^enoiTB npaBJienia h nojiy^aerB ab'^th 
Tucai'B Bcero tojibro sa ceiiB aaciA&Hlft bi toa'b. 3a to yacB 
RorAa Ha o6n](HX'B coCpaHkx'B naAO cnacaTB CHTyai^iio — Jij^me 
ero He nafiTH. Caiiuft coMHHTBJiBHBijft roAOBoft OT'ierB ohi> TaRT> 
AOJio»iiTi>, HTO aRAioHepaiTB nepnoe 6ij[i£iBrB noRaKercA, h ohh 

HOTOHl yJKO He SnaiOTB, RaRl RITB BUpaSHTB HpaBJieHlK) CBOH) 

<$jiaroAapHCCTB. FjiaBHoe: ohb HHRorAa h cb a'^om'b-to BOBce ne 
snaROifB, ROTopoMx roBopHTB, a HpHMO 6eperB anjiOM6oirB. 
Bu saBTpa nocsymaeTe ero, Tajsi naBlpno noAynaeTe, hto ohb 

BCK) amSHB TOJIBRO H A'^^^JIl, HTO OROJIO AOHeHHBIX'B Heiefi BO- 
SHJICfl, a OBTB B-b mLTb CTOJIBRO Xe HOHHMaerB, CROJIBRO a B'B 
CaHCRpHTCROM'B A^wA. 



*) BaAyBEoft AOHeHHoft nevH BaBmaeTCfl pasorptoanie es nep6Ai> HaHajioir'& 
pa6oTH AO TeMneparypH luaBJieHia py^^i, npHGjiHBHTejiBHO ^o 1600^ G. CaMoe jifiA- 
cTBie ne^H HaauBacTCfl nRaKnaHieft". Ba^yBsa npoxosaaeTCfl EHor^a HtcKOJiBBO 



MOJIOX'B. 107 

— ^a yat.,. a-iflciBHTejiBHo — rairb, CKaaaorB BoepoBX. 

— JIja, BOT'B.r. Ha HTO Jiynme... SHaeie, KaKX owb npHHH- 
Maen bi neiepCypri? CaAHrb roJiiafi bi BaHH*! no cairoe ropjio, 
TOJibKO rojiOBa ero pujRafl Ha^'b BOfloio cb4thtcj, — h cjiymaeiTj. 
A KaROfi HH6yAB lafiHufi coBiTHHRi cTourb^ noHTBTejiBHO nepe^'B 
HHin> corHyBiDHCB, B AORJiaAUBaerB... 062copa ohi yacacHufi... h 
AtftCTBHTejiBHO yM'fieT'B noicTB; BO Bcixi jy^raHX-B pecTopanaxi 
HSB^THBi 6bikh h yxa a la KsamHHH'B. A ys'B Hacien 6a6B)i, 
H H6 roBopBie. TpH roAa lony nasaA'B cb hbicb npeROMH'iHufi 
CJiy^aft BumeJi'B.... 

H; BHAH, HTO Bo6poB'B co6]ipaeTC2 yfliH, GBiaceBCRift cxsa- 
THjii> ero 8a nyroBBiiy h yM0Ji2K)ii];e sameniajii: 

— UoBBOJiBTe... 3T0 TaKi CMtfflHo... no3BOJiiBTe, fl ceft^acB... 
Bi> AByxi cjnoBaxi* BHAHxe-jm, RaRi a'^o 6bijiio. IIpiisKaeTB 
oceHBH), roAa rpH TOify nasaAi^, b-b IIeTep6yprB oahhi 6iAHBifi 
MOJiOAoft HejiOBi^Ki— hbhubhhr'b hto-jih RaROfi-TO.*. H AS^B ero 
^aMBJiiK) 8uaK), TOJiBRO He Mory xenepB bchombhtb... Xjiono^eii 
aiorB MOJiOAoft HejiOB']&Ri> o cnopnoMi nacji'bACTBi h, RascAoe 
yxpo BOSBpan^a^CB hs'b npHcyTCXBenHux'B m'Icxi, saxoAHx-b b'b 
JlixHifi caA*^ nocHA^XB nexaepxB laca na CRaMeeHR'i... HycB, 
xopomo. Chahi-b oh-b xpn AHa> TOXHpe, naxB h saM-i^aerB, hxo 
exeAHOBHO BM^cxi CB HHM3 ryjiflex'B no caAy RaROfi-xo pusifi 
rocnoAHHi) Heo6Bi?afl;HOft xojm^HHU... Ohh snaROM^xcii. Pu^RiS, 
Roxopufi ORasuBaejCH KBamHHHHM'B, pasysHaexi oxi mojioaofo 
^enoB^Ka Bcb ero o6cxoflxejiBCXBa, npHHUMaexB bi» neirb ynacxie, 
jRajiiexi... OAHaRO, ^anHJiin eiiy .CBoeft ne roBopHX^. Hy-ci, 
xopomo. HaROHei^x, OAnaxAH puxift opeAJiaraex'B MOJioAOHy 
^ejroB^Ry: ca "ixo, corJiacnjiHCB jih 6bi bbi sennxBca, sa HSBicxnoe 
BOSHarpaacAenle, na HensBicxnoft BaHi ocoG*!, ho cb yroBoposcx: 
ceftiacB xe nocjii CB9,Ah6hi ch eeft pasiixaxca n CoJiBme hh- 

ROFAa He BHAaXBCfl?> A MOJIOAOft HOJIOB'bRl RaRl paS'B B'B 8X0 
BpOMH HyXB CB TOJIOAy HO yMHpai'B. iCorJSaCeH'B, rOBOpUX'B, XOJIBRO 

CMOxpH no xoMy, RaRoe BOsnarpaxAeHle, n AenBrn BnepeA'B* 
Hy-ci, xopomo... CroBopujiHCB ohh. ^epesi hoa^k) puaifi OA'i^saex'B 
MOJiOAoro HOJiOBiRa bo ^paR-B h, nyxB CBixi, aesexi RyAa-xo sa- 
ropoA'B, Bi> AepROBB. HapoAy hhrofo, neBi^cxa yse AOscHAaexca, 
BCfl saRyxaHHaa b'b ByajiB, OAnaRO, bhaho, <ixo xopomenBRaa r 
coBciMi MOJiOAaa. Ha^nHaexcH Btnianle. Tojibro hojioaoA ^ejio- 
b^r'b saMinaexi, ?xo ero neB^xa RaRafl xo ne^ajiBHaa cxohxi. 
Ohi ee H cnpamnBaexi monoxoBTB: cbu, RasexcH, npoxHB'B caoeft 
oxoxu CK)Aa npi'&xajiH?> A ona roBopaxB: €Aa h bu, Raacexca, 
Toxe?» TaRi ohh h oSiacnHJiHCB MesAY co6oft. ORassEBaexcH, 
HXO A'bBymRy npHHyAHJia buaxh sanyacB en jro naxB. Ilpfltfo-xo 
oxAaxB AOHB KaamHHHy MaueHBRi BcexaRH nimajia cob'6cxb... 
Hy-CB, xopomo... CxoarB ohh, cxoaxx... mojioao* nejioBiR'B-xo h 
roBopHTB: ca Ad*Baftxe-Ra yAopeui xaRyio mxyRy: o6a uu c% bomh 



103 pyCCBOE BOrATCTBO. 

MOiOAu, BnepeAH en^e mhofo xapomaro tfoseTB 6bitb ji,m Hac%> 
Aasafiie Ka 0CTaBHin» RBamHaea Ha 6o6azi». ^'i^B]iii;a pimHTejib- 
Haa HCL CucTpBiiTB coo6paseHi6Mi>. cXopomo, roBoperb, AasafiTe.^ 

OrOH'IHJIOCB BtHHaHLe, BfiIXOj[flTl» BCi H31 IHepRBH, KBaiHHHH'b Tass 

H claeTi). A MOJiOAOfl qejiOB'^sx Aasece h a^hlfh oti* Hero BnepeA'^ 
noJiyHBJii^ Aa h neMajiuH A^HBrH^ noioHy qTO KBamnHHi bi bthxs 
cjiyqaaxi hh sa KaKHMs KannrajiaBCH He hoctoht'b. IIoAxoAHrb 

OHl Kb UOHOJSfHWb H HOSApaBJiaeT'b CB CaMHlTB HpOHHqeCRHlTB. 

BHAOMi*. Ti ciiymafOTi* ero, 6jiaroAapflTi>, nocaKeHHUMi nanenBEoft 
HasHBaioT'B H BApyrB o6a — npHrb na Jinxana. €^to laKoe? 
KyAa!> — tKaKi KyAa? na BOKsajni, cBaAeOayio noisARy coBep- 
maTB> — H npHRasHBaioT'B jnHxa^y: ccTynaft, a* nocRopift, njnepKy 
Ha nafl noJiy^BHiBi. TaRi> BacHJilfl TepeHTBeBsni h ociajicfl na 
Micrh ci pasHHyTKiM'B pioMi... A to botb, OAaaacAH... %o bto? 
Bh yae yxoAHie, AnApeft Hjibhhi?— npepBaJix cbok) 6ojitobhk> 
GB^eBCRlfl, BBAH, ?T0 ero cjiymaTOJiB Ch piniHTejiBHUM'B bhaom'b 
DonpaBJDHeTi na roJiOBi nurany h sacTerHBaeri) nyroBHitBi naJiBTO. 

— HsBHHHTe, MHineRorAa,— cyxooTBiTHjn»Bo6poB^. — A hto 
Kacaercfl Bamero aneRAOTa, to & ero en^o paHBme ia'^'TO cjiumaJTB 
njiH ^HTajiii... Moe noHTOHie. 

H, noBepHyBiHHCB cnHHOfl ri> Cs'ljKeBCROMy, osaAaneHHOM^ 
ero P'^sroctbk), owb 6BiCTpo BBimeJii) hsi* MacTepcROfi. 



III. 

BepnyBmHCB ch saBOAa h HacKopo noo6'6AaBx, Bo6poBi> bu- 
meJUi na RpBiJibino. Kyqepi MnTpo^ani, en^e paHBme nojiynHB- 
mift npHRasaHie oc^AJiaiB $opBaTepa, rH^Ayio AOHCRyio JdomaAB^ 
cb ycHJiicMi saTflrHBajn noAnpyry anrjiiflCRaro ciAJia. $opBa- 
Tepi> HaAyBajii) jrhbotb h h'Icrojibro pasi 6bictpo H8rE6aJi'B meio, 
jioB£ 8y6aMH pyKaBi imTpoij^aHOBOfi py6amRH. TorAa MHTpo^ani 
KpHiajn Ha Hero cepAHTUHi h HeHaTypaJiBHuicB OacoifB: <ho-o! 
6ajiyfi, HAOJiiii n npB6aBJiajiix, RpaxTa otb HanpHJEema: tnmB tn^ 
flCHBOTHan noAJiaH>. 

^opBatepi), — ManiTaBi cpoAH^ro pocTa, ci> iiaccBBHOK) rpyABio^ 

AJIBHHfillTB TyJIOBBH^eifB B HOAacapUM'B, HeifHOrO BBCJIUM'B 8aA0Ml>^ 

jierRO B CTpoflHO A^pKajuca na cbobxi RpinRBxi, MOXHaTuxi* 
Horaxi, ex HaAesnuMB RonuTaHB h tohroA 6a6Roft. SHaTOR'K 
0CTajQ[CA-6u HeAOBOJieHi ero rop6oHocofi MopAofl b aahbhoA; meeft, 

Cl> OCTpUMl, BBIAaiOn^HMCH RaAfilROMl*. Ho BoGpOBl) HaXOABJTB^ 
HTO aTB 0C06eHH0CTB, XapaRTepHUH AJLfl BCAROfl AOHCROfl jiomaAB> 

cocTaBJiHiorB RpacoTy ^opBaiepa, TaRHe, RaRi rphbua hofb y 
TaRCu B AJiBHHUfl yniB y coTepa. 3a to bo bc^xi ORpecTHOCTflX'K 
He 6ujiio JiomaAB, ROTopaa Morjia-6u o6cRaRaTB ^^opsaTepa, ne- 
BBiHocBBmaro HBRaRoro conepHH'iecTBa. 



MOJOI'B. 109 

XOTfl MHipOij^aHX H CHHTaJI1» H606xOAHMUirB, RaK1» H BCHRift 

xopomift pyccRift Ry^epi, oCpan^aiBCH ci JiomaABK) cypoBO, 
OTHiOAb He nosBOJiHa hh ce6%, hql eA HHRaRHXi npo^BJieeift h^jr- 

HOCTH 0, noaTOMJ, HaSBIBAJI'B 66 H cRaTOpJKHOfl>, H cnaAaJIBIO> , 

H <y6HBi](eK)>, H jifisae ixaiiJi6T0irb>, rbwb Be Meaie oh'l, b'b 
rJiy6HHi jsjmEy CTpacTHO Jiio6HjrB $opBaTepa. 3Ta jiiio6obi> Bupa- 
auuiacB Bi TOicB, HTO AOHCROft Hamra^eRi 6ujcb n Bu^H]qem» 
jiy^me, a OBca nojiyHaji'B 60JiiBme,.H'lin» Apyria JiomaAH Eo6poBa — 
^acTOHRa H HepHOMopeii'B. 

— noHJi'B TBI ero, MHTpo$aHi? — cnpocHJii Bo6poB'B* 
Mirrpo^aH'B OTB^^aji'B He cpasy. y Hero 6iuiia h en^e OAHa 

HOBaARa xopomaro Ry^epa,— MeAJniTejiBHOCTB h CTeQenHOCTB b'b 
pasroBopi. 

— IloaoiiJii), AHApeft Hjubehi, RaRi-jRe ne nonoHMmn-TO. 
Ho, Tu, osnpaficH, Jiimifl! H Te6i noBep^y, uopAy^TO, — RpHRHyjTB 
OHB cepABTO na JiomaAB.— GTpacTB, 6apiiH'B, saRX eny xoima 
HHH?e noAi* cbjiflowh bj^th. He TepnnrcH. 

EABa TOJiBRO Bo6poB'B noAomeJi'B ri ^opBaiepy h, B3;iBi» bb 
jiiByio pyny hoboaba, o6MOTajii> BORpyrB iiajiBiteB'B rpHBRy, RaRi 
HanaJiacB HCTopia, noBiopHBinaacfl nyTB-jis ne ejReAHeBHO. $op- 
BaTepi, yjRe a^lbho ROCHBrnlfica Oojibhiiimi, cepAHTuicB rjiasoicB 
Ha noAXOAHBmaro 6o6poBa, naiaJTB n.i[JicaTB Ha Micxi, BurH6aa 
meio H pa36paciiBaa saAHHira HorauH roiibh rpasn. 6o6poB'B 
npuraji'B orojio nero na oahoA Hor6, CTapaacB ba^tb Hory bi 
CTpeuji. 

— HycTii, nycTH hoboam, MaTpoifiaH'B, — RpHRHyjn ohb, nofl- 
mbb'b, HaRoneiii, CTpeiiA h b'b Toii-se MOMenri nepeCpocHB-B 
Hory nepesi Rpyni, onyiEJiCH b'b cbjifl!b. 

HoHyBCTBOBaBi meHReJua BcaAHHRa, $opBaTep'B xoTiaci-jRe 
CMBpHJicfl n, nepeiiiHHB'B h'^crojubro pasi Hory, toiho ne snan 
cb RaRoft Ha^aTB, bsajdcb oti» Bopon rnHpoRmcB, ynpyrHMi» rajio-* 

IIOITB... 

BucTpaa "isAa, xojiOAHiafi B'lxep'B, CBHcrlBmift b'b ymH, cb*!- 
acift saaax'B ocenHJiro, cjierRa MORparo nojufl o^eHB CRopo ycno- 
ROHJin H osHBEJEH HaiflHyTHe HepBu Bo6poBa. KpoMi TOrOy RaJR- 
Auft pas'B, oTQpaBJiJiacB ri 3HHeHRairB, owb HcnuTUBaJi'B npifli- 
uuft H TpeBOSHMft noA'Beii'B Ayxa. 

CeMBfl 3HH6HR0 cocTOHJia HS'B OTAa, MaTepH H naxepux'B ao^ 
^epeflf. OTea'B csysjsjvb na saBOA^ h aaB'^ABCBaJH* CRnaAOMi*. 
diOTh Jii'iHHBBift H Ao6poAyniHuft CB BHAy rnraHTB 6uji'b bi cyn^- 

HOCTH OieHB npOHUpJIIIBBIirB H RaBBpSHUUTB rOCHOAHHOlTB. OhI 

opEEHaAJiexaji'B m-b HH&sy xtx'B niojsfiA, ROTopue, hoab bhaohx BUCRa- 
BusaHlfl BCHROvy B'B rjiiasa HCiHHHoft npaBAUy rpy6o, ho npinx- 
Ho JiBCXHxii naiaJiBcxBy, oxRpoBeHHo afieAHHqaiox'B na cocjiy^RHB- 
i^eB'B, a CB noA^nHeHHHMH o6paa^aK)xca caMuii'B 6e3o6pa3Ho-Aec- 
noxH^ecRHBc-B o6pa80irB. Oh'b opaJTB b'b pasroBopi, JiK)6iijri no- 



110 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

"IcTb H nHTajii CJiaSocTb r'b xopoBOBiy ManopyccROiiy n'IsdH), 
npHHeici hbhsm'Ihho (|)aJiBinHBHjrb. Oei> Heaau'bTflo js^nsi caMoro 
ce6H HaxoAHJiCii noKb CamMaKOMi y CBoeft seeu, seaii^HQH cjdeo- 

TReBlH aTJieTHHOCRarO, Cb TCMHHBrb, rpHSHHlTb H ByjUBrapHBIICB JIH- 

njOHi KyxapRH, a^hhhumi hocomi h KpomeHHUMH, cipiiurH rjia3- 
KaifH^ AO CM^mHoro Ojuh^ro nocraBJieHHUMH R'B nepeHocBio. 

AoHepefl sBajiH: MaRa, Eeia, UlypoHRa, Hsna h Raca. 

KajRAofl H3i EBxi wb ceMB^ 6hjio OTBOAeHO CBoe auQJiya. 
MaRa, A^BHi^a ci pu6bhmi npo^HJieHi, nojiBsoBBJiacB penyia- 
^ieflaH^eJIbCRa^oxapaRTepa. — cYxiBTaMaKa, cana npocToxa*,— 
roBopHJEH npo Hee poAHieJiiii, Ror^a ona, bo speMfl nporyjiOR'B h 
BeHepoBi, CTymeBUBaJsacB na saAHifi njiaHi), bi* HHrepecaxi hji^^- 
msLTb cecTepi (MaRi yjKe nepeBaJiHJio sa ipHAi^aTB). 

Beta c^HTajiacB yHHHitefi, nocHna pince-nez n, RaKi roBO- 
pHJiH, xoT^Jia jsfisae RorAa-TO nocTynHiB na RypcBi. Oaa A^p^ajia 
roJiOBy cRJiOHeHHofi na fioRi h bhhs^, RaRi xopoman npHCias- 
Han, H xoAHJia Hupaiomefl noxoAROfi, to noABniaacB, to onycRaacB 
npH KaacAOMi mark. Ki HOBBnii rocxairB oaa npacxasajia co 
cnopaiiH Towhy ^to '^eHn^EHU Jiy^me h ^ecTcrle MyxiHBTB, hjih 
ci> HaHBHofl nrpHBOCTBK) npocHJia: cbu xaRofi npoHm^axejuBHEift... 
Hy, BOTB, onpeA^jiHTe MOfi xapaRTepx>. KorAa paaroBopx nepe- 
xoAPJii Ha OAHy Hs-B RjiaccHHecRHX'B AOMaraHHX'B xeMi: rxo JiyH- 
me: JlepMonroBi hjih IlymRHHi? hjih— «c^oco6cIByex^-JIH^pH- 
poAa CMarneHiio HpaBOBi?* — Beiy BHABHraJin BnepeA^, RaKi 6oe- 
Boro cjiOHa. 

TpexBa AOHB, niypoHRa, HsfipaJia cneAiajiBHOcxBio nrpy b-b 
Aypa^RH CO Bc^MH xoJiocxuMn HHacenepaHH noo^epeAii. EaK'B 
TOJiBRO ysHaBajia ona, hxo en cxapBifi napxnepi cofiHpaexca ^se- 
HHXBCH, ona, noAaBJU^fl oropqeHHHH nyBCXBa, HsCiipajia ce6t 
HOBaro. KoneHHO, arpa BejiacB cb uhljiumh myxRaicH h MaJieHB- 
RHifB, nJi^HHxeJiBHBiM'B DJiyxoBCXBOMi, npHHeiTB uapxHepa Hasfii- 
BajnH cnpoxMBHBiM'B* H Ghjih no pyRaii'B RapxaMH. 

Huna CHHxajiacB bi ceMB^ ofin^efi Jiio6BMnn;eft, HsgajiOBan- 
HBiMi>, HO npejiecxHBnfB pe6eHR0U'B. OHa 6BiJia BupoAROM'B cpeAH 
cBOHxi cecxepi, ch hxi MaccHBHHMH ^zrypaMB h rpy6oBaxBiMir, 
ByjiBrapoHMH JiHi^aMH. Moacexi 6uxb, OAHa iojibro m-me BaaeH- 
RO Morjia-6H yAOBJiexBopaxeJiBHO ofi-BacHHTB, oxRyAa y HaaoiRH 
BsajiacB 9Ta Htxaaa, xpynRaa ^arypRa, 9th hohtb apacxoRpaxa- 
HecRifl pyRH, xoporaeHBRoe, CMyrjoBaxoe jihtoro, ace b-b poAaa- 
Raxi), ManeaBRia, posoBHH yma a aHmaue, xoHRie, cJieiRaaBK)- 
n^ieca bojioch. Ha aee poAHiejiH aosjiarajia 6oJiBniia naAeacAH, a 
eft, aoBTOMy, paaptmajocB ace: a o6LtAaTBca Roa^eRxaMa, a 
Majio RapxaaaxB^ a a^^^ OA'^BaxBca Jiy^me cecxep'B. 

CaMofl MJiaAHieft, Kact, acaoJiHajiocB aeAaaao nexBipaaAitaxB 
Jiixi, HO 3xoxi> ^eHOMeaajiBHBifi peSeaoRi nepepoci aa i^tJiyFo 
rojioBy CBOK) naxB, a^oro apeB3oflAfl ee Moryiefi pejiBe^aocxBio 



MOJ^OX•B. 111 

$opMi>. Efl ^HFfpa jifiBEo yjKe BUdUBajia HeABjCMucjieHHue 
BdopBi uic^Hofi HOJiOAe;RH, coBepmeHHO JiHmeHHofi, no OT^ajieH- 
HOCTH orb ropoAa, AOCiynnaFo xeHcicaro oCn^ecTBa, n Kaca npH- 
HHMajia 3TH Bsopu ci> HaHBHUBfB GescTUACTBOifb paHO coapiBineft 

3x0 pasAinenie ^aiiHJiBHBixi aMUJiya Cujio xopomo HSBicTHa 
Ha saBOA^^} h oahhi mymvLK'b CKasajrB RaRi-TO, ?to, ecJiE yacB 
jReHHTBCH Ha 3HHeHKaxi>, TO HenpeMtHEo. na Bcixi nHiepux'B 
cpasy. HHSEceHepu h CTyAeHTu-npaKTHKaHTH rjiAA'^B na aomi 

3HHeHK0, KaKl Ha rOCTHHHHIty, TOJIKJIHCB TaMl Cb yipa AO HO^H 
H AA^d OCTaBaJIHCb HO^eBaXB, ho Cb yAHBHTeJIBHOfi JIOBROCTBK) 

H86irajiH c&Tefi THMeHe^. 

Bb dToft ceMB^ Bo6poBa HeA0JiH)6j[HBaj[iH. EypscyasHBie BRycu 
m-me 3hh6hko, CTpeicHBme&cfl Bce noABecTH hoa'b jibhIk) nom- 
Jiaro H CjiaronojuyHHO - CRyiHaro npoBHHAiajrBHaro npHJin^iH^ 
0CR0p6jiHjnicB HOBeAenleicB AnApea HjiBHHa. Ero jReJi^uH ocipo- 

TBK BCTpi^aJIBCB CB mHpORO-paCRpUTUMH rJHasaHH, ROrAa OH'B 

GuBajn Bi Ay^'i, H, Hao6oporB, KorAa ohb MOjraaJi'B ii'i^JiHMH Be- 
HepaMH, BCJi'lACTBie ycTaJnocTH nepBOBi, ero noAospiaaJiH b'b 

CRpUTHOCTH, « B'B TOpAOCTH, Bl HOJIiajnHBOlfB BpOHHSHpOBapBH, 

Aa«e— ol 9T0 6hjio Bcero yacacnte, — A*«e noAoapiBajiH, hto owh 
«nHmerB b'b scypnajiu noBicTH h co6HpaerB jifin ehxi thhu*. 
BoOpoBi ^yBCTBOBaJi'B 3TorB rjiyxoft aETaroHHSHi, BupascaB- 
miflcfl vb He6pe:RH0CTH sa ctojuomT), b% yAHBJieHHOMX no^HMaEiH 
njienefi Maxepii ceiiefiCTBa, ho BceiaRH npoAOJia:airB GuBaxB y 
BHHeHOK'B. JIk)6hjix-jui OH'B HflHy? — Ha 8T0 owb caiii He Mori* 

6U OTB^THTB. KOFAa 0H1» TpOO HJIH HOTBepO CyiOKX He GBIBaJUl 

B^ ETb AOM%, BocnoMHHaHie Hefl sacTaBJiflJio ero cepAite 6htb- 
CSL CO cjiaAROfi E TpeBOscHofi rpycTBK). Ohi npeACxaBJifljrb ce6i 
ea cxpoteyK), rpauiosHyfo $HrypRy, yjiHCRy ea tomhbixi, ORpy- 
jKesHHxx xiEBK) TM2T>, sanax^B ea xijia, HanoMEHaBnilft eny sa- 

HaX'B HaJIESU E XOQOJia. 

Ho cxoEJio eny no6BiBaxB y SnHesoRi X[y Bonepa hoa^ 
paA'B, RaRX ero naiEHajio xomexb exx o6n^ecxBO, ex'b 4)P^U) — 
BcerAa oah^ e xi ace bi OAnnaROBBixi cjiyiaaxi, — maSjiOHHBia e 
HeecxecTBeHHUH Bupaaceula exi jrEitB. MejKAy naxBio «6apBim- 
HaMEi E «yxaacflBaBmEME> sa heme «RaBajiepaME» (cjiosa 3e- 
HeHicoBCRaro o6ExoAa), pas'B naBcerAa ycxaHOBEJUECB nomjio-ErpE- 
BHa oxHomema. H xi, e Apyrie A'^JiajiE bba^, 6yAxo ohe co- 
cxaBJiaioxi ABa Bpa^Ayion^Exx Jiarepa. To e jsjkjio oaehi esi 
KaBaaepoBi), myxa, noxEn^ajTB y 6apuniHE RaRyK)-HE6yAi> Ben^B 
E yB^pajix, Hxo He oxAacxi ee; 6apuniHE Ay^^HCB, menxajiECB 
MeiRAy co6ofi, nasBiBajiE myxHERa €npoxEBHBiEi» e Bce Bpeiia 

XOXOXaJIE A^pOBaHHUMl), rpOMREBTB XOXOXOBfB. H dXO HOBXOpa- 

jiocB eaceAHeBHO, ceroAna coBepmeHHO bi xixi-SRe caoBax'B e cb 
rI>ME-a:e acecxaME, RaRi Bnepa. BoGpoBi BosBpan^aaca orb 3e- 



112 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

H6H0KI ch^ roJiOBHoft 60J11L10, c% HepBaMH,. yioMJieHHUMH Hxi npo- 

B]IHAiaJ[BHUM'& JHOMaHBeiTb* 

TaRHiTb o6pa30irb B'b xym^ Bo6poBa lepexoBajiacb TOCEa 
no HHri, no nepBHOMy nojEailK) eji BcerAa ropHiBxi pysi, cl 
OTBpan^eflieMTr ri> CRyR'6 h MaHepHOCTH ea cohbh. BuBaJiH icHHy- 
Tu, RorAa oh'b ysce coBepmeHHO roiOBEJicfl CAi^aiB eft npeAJHo- 
^KBHie. ToFAa ero He ociaHOBBJio-Gu jia«e coseaHie, ^to OHa, cb 
en ROReTCTBOifB AypHQro lOHa h xynieBHoft nycTOToft, ycTpoHTB 
m% ceneftHOft jrhshh aA'B, hto oh'b h ona jtyuaioTB h roBO- 
pjin Ha pasHuxi asHRaxi. Ho owh He pimaoicfl a MOjraajrB. 

TenepB, noA'BisjRafl kt> IIIeneTOBRi^ ohi y»e sapan'le sHaJTb, 
TTO H RaRi TaM-B CyxyrB tobophtb bi tomi hjih Apyrom cjy- 
Ha%, A&ace npeACTaBJUiOTB ce6i BupaseHie jihi^'b. Ohb sHaJiB, hto 
RorAa CB hxb xeppacu yBHAflrB ero BepxoiTB na JiomaAV, to 
CHanajia nesAy 6apuinHaMHy BcerAa HaxoAHn^nnHca bb oxHAa- 

HiH npUTHUX'B RaBaJiepOBB, nOAUMeTCfl AJIHHHUft CHOpB TOUB, 

KTO 3T0 ijsfiTh. KorAa-iRe ohb uphCjihshtch, to yraAaBmaa na- 
HHerB noAnpfirrBBaiB, 6htb bt» JiaAoniH, npHn^eJiRHBaTB jisuroitb 
H saAopHO BURpHRHBaTB: ca, ^0? a, ?to? 9 yraAajia, yraAaJna!* 
BcjtIa'b saiiMB, ona no6ijRHrB rb Ahh*! A^anacBeaH'b. — cMaica, 
EoCpoBB "J^AexB, a nepBa^ yraAajia!» A Maiia, jh^^hhbo nepeTHpaa 

^afiHUH HamRH, 06paTHTCa RB HUHiTaRHBTB tohomb, RaRB6yAT0- 

6u OHa nepeAaeTB hto-to CHiniHoe h HeoKHAaHHoe: cHHHOHRa, 
BHaeniB, Bo6poBB iffivb^, H yse nocji'l aroro Bci^ oh'6 BM^cxi 
HpesBBiHafiHO H o^eHB rpoMKO HsyMJiTCH, yBBAA BxoAflH^aro AHApea 
HjiBH^a. 



IV. 

$opBaTepB mejiB, SBynno (j^upRaa h nonpannrBaa noBOABOBB. 
BAaxH noRasaxcfl aohb UlenexoBCRoft aROHOifiii. Hsb rycToft se* 
jieHH CHpeeeft h aRai^ift OABa bhau^hcb ero fiijiua criHu n 
Rpacaaa Rpuma. IIoab ropoft He6oj[Bmo& npyAB BunyRJio noAii* 
Majica H8B ORpyxaBmexB ero seJiemiXB 6eperoBB. 

Ha RpujiBi^i^ CTOHJia seHCRaa ^Hrypa. Bo6poBB iisAaJiiH ysnaJTB 
BB Heft HHHy, no apRO-xejrroft RO'|>TOHRt, TaRB RpacHBO orri- 
HflBmeft CMyrjiHft ab^tb ea JiHita, h TOT^acB-se, noATanyBB $op- 
BaTepy hoboaba, bhhphhhjich h BUCBOfioAiauiB hocrh hopb, a&* 
JieRO saJiianiie bb cxpeMena. 

— Bu OHHTB na CBoeirB coRpoBiiiii;i6 npii^xajni. Hy, botb, 
npocTO bha'6tb ho Mory aToro ypoAa, — RpHRHyjsa cb RpujiBi^a 
Hflna BecejFUHB n RanpnsHuirB fojiocomb ii36ajiOBaHHaro pe- 
6eHRa. y nea y«e asibho BonmoBB npHBUiRy Apsk3HHTB.Bo6poBa 
ero JiomaABK), rb ROTopoft ohb Sujtb TaRB npHsasaHB. Boo6n^e, 
BB AOMi 3HHeHR0BB bWo Roro-HH6yAB H ^tMB HH6yAB «Apa3- 
HHjni». 



MOJIOXX. 113 

BpocBB'B noBOAi^ noA6i2caBineHy dROHOMEiecKOMj rohboxj, 
£o6poBx BOfflejTb, bcjAjii> aa HehoA, b'b rocTHHeyio. AeHa A(|^a« 
HacBeBHa, cHA^^Bmafl sa caMOBapoHi, CA'&iaJia bra's, 6jato Heo6u« 
HaflHo nopajKOHa npitsAoux Bo6poBa. 

— A-a-a! AHApeft HjiLnni! HaROHem-TO bbi k% naiTB no- 
jRaJnoBanH!.. 

B, TKHjB'B eify pyRy npnuo bt> ry6H; RorAa ohi sAopoBajica 
ci Hefl, oHa CBOHKi rpoMRHMi, HocoBuicB roJiocoH'B cnpocHJia: 

— ^aio? MoJiORa? HCjiorob'l?— roBopme, nero xoTBie, 

— Merci, Aena A^anacBeBHa. 

— Merci-oui, ou merci-non? 

noAo6HiiiH ^panayacRlfl ^pasu Chum HeHsninmi bi ceuhi 
SHHeHRO. 5o6poB'B oTRasajica oto Bcero. 

— - Hy xaRi BAHTe Ha leppacy, rairb MOJiOAesB saTiajia sa<- 
Kie-TO petits-jeux, — mhjioctbbo paspimnjia m-me SnHeHRo. 

KorAa owb BumeJTB Ha 6ajiK0Hi, Bci ^empe fiapuniHn pa- 
dOMi, coBepmeHHo rtjci-se tohoitb, h laRse bi hoc:b, RaR'B hxii 
HaifeHBRa, BocRJiHRHyjiH: 

— A-a-a! AnApeft Hjibbhi! Borb,* yax Roro AaBHO-io He 
6ujio BBAHo! ^ei^o Bani npsHecTB? ^aio? fl6jioROBi? MoaoRa?— 
He xoTHie? HirB, npaBAa? A MoxerB 6htb xoTHie! Hy, bi la- 
ROHi cjiynai, caAHiecB sa^cb h npHHHHafiTe ynacTie. 

HrpasH B'b cGapuHfl npHCJiajia cto py6jieft», b'b cHHimHi n 
en^e bt> RaRyio-io nrpy, Roropyio menejuiBafl Kacfl nasuBaJia 
cErpaTB B'B noinyAy». Hsi rocxeft 6ujih: ifB ciyAeHra-npaRTH- 
RaHTa, ROTopue Bce BpeM^ BBinfl^HBaJiH rpyAH h npHHHMara 
njiacTHHecRlJi nosu, BuciaBEBi BnepeAi* Hory h sanoxHB'B pyRy 
B'B saAHifi RapMaHi ciopTyRa; 6ujix TexHnRi» — MnJuiep'B, otjok- 
HaBmificji RpacoTOK), rjnynocTBio ii nyAecHHMi fiapHTOHOiTB, h» 
HaROHei](i^ RaRofl-TO MOJiHaJiHBHft rocnoAHH'B Bi cipoiTB, He o6pa* 
H^aBmift Ha ce6fl HH^Bero BHHifaHiii. 

Hrpa He JiaAHJiacB. My:RqHHH HcnoJiHfljiH cboh ^aHm co chh- 
cxoABiejiBHUHX H CRy^aion^Mx BHAOifB; a^bhi^u BOBce on hhxi 
OTRasuBaJiHCB, nepemeHTBiBajiHCB h nanpiiJReHHO xoxoxajiH. 

GMepRanocB. Hsi-sa RpBim'B 6jiiH:RHeft AopeBHH neAJieHHO no- 
KasHBajiacB orpoHHafl RpacHan Jiyna. 

— ^-hTH, HAHie I^'B ROMHaiH, — RpHRHyJia H31 CTOJIOBOft AflHa 

A^anacBeBHa. HonpocHTe Mfljuiepa, qio6ii ohb naiTB ch'&i'b hto- 
HB6yAB. 

Repeal MrnoBeHie rc^ioca CapinnenB yxe cJinmajniCB b'b rom* 
Haiax'B. — Han's 6hjio otohb Becejio, — nte6eTajiH ont BORpyrB na- 

TepH, MBI TaR'B CMi^JUBCB, laR^B CUt^JIHCB... 

Ha 6ajiROH'6 ociajiHCB tojibro Hnna h Bo6poB'B. Ona CHAiJia 

Ha nepHjiax'B, o6xBaTHBmH ctojiC'b 01*1601 pyROfl h npHa&aBniBCB 

Vb HOMy, B'b 6e3C03HaTeJiBH0-rpai^i03H0ft no3't. Bo6poBi noifb- 

CTBJicji Ha HHBRoft caAOBOft CRaMoe^R'i y caMuxi en hofb h 

H la, o»Ai» 1. 8 



114 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO.. 

cHHsy BBepx'b, sarjiAAUBaH eft bi jehi^o, BH/tiirb H^bmua o^ep* 
lamfl ea moH h noA^opoARa. 

— Hy, pascKaKHTe-ae ^To-HH6ysB HHiepecHoe, AH«p6ft 
Hjilh^'b, — HeTepniJiHBO npHRasaJia HHHa. 

— IIpaBO a He snaio, hto-6h Batrt pascKaaaTB, — BoapasHjrb 
Bo6poBT>. YaacHO ipyAHO roBopniB no saKasy. BipoaTHO, Kh 

9T01Cy HaAO BM%TB.HCRJIiO^HTeJIbHU£ CnOC06HOCTfl... 

— $y-y! KaKoft bh CKy-yqHHft, — npoMHyjia HHsa: CKaxHie^ 
Rorsa BU 6uBaeTe bi Ayxi? 

— A bh MHi GRaacHTe, noHeiiy bh TaRi» 6oHTecB MOJiTOHia? 
?yTB pasroBopi HeMHOSRo H3chri>, BaiTB y:Re n ne no ce6i... 
A pasB'i Aypno pasroBapHBaiB, HOJi^a? 

— cMh 6yjffiWb cb To6oftMOJi^aJiHBH»...— nponiiiaHacMim- 
XEBO Hnna. 

— Eone^o, fiyneMi MOJi^ajiHBH. IIocMOTpHTe: ne^o acHoe, 
jiyHa pHsaa, 6ojiBniyntafl, na CaJiRoni TaRi thxo... ?ero xe 
enie?.. 

— «n aia rjrynaa jiyna na dTOUi rJoiynoMi He6ocRjioH%», 
npoAeRJiamipoBaJia HsHa. — A propos, bh cjiHmaJiH, hto SHHO'nca 
MaROBa BHzoABTi Banysi sa lIpoTononoBa. Buxoahitb TaRMi 
YAHBHrejiBHHfl HeJiOB'iR'B aTorb IIpoTononoBi..— Ona noacajia njie- 
Haiin.— Tpn pasa eny SBna oTRasHBaJna, h ohi BceTaRn ne mohb 
ycnoROHTBca, ca^jkui'b wb HeTBepiHtt pasi npeA^noxeHie. H nyc- 
Kaft na ce6H nenaerB. Ona ero, Hoacerb 6htb, 6yAerB yBascaiB, 

HO JIK)6hTB— HHROrA^- 

Sthtb cjiOBi) 6HJI0 AOCiaio^HO, hto6h pacmeBejuHTB saeinh 
Bi AynrI Bo6poBa. Ero BcerAa bhboahj'b hbi , ceSa ysRift, m%- 
n^ancRift cJsoBapB SHHenoRi, ci BupajReniaicH BpoA^ cona ero 
mo6iiLTb, HO He yBaxaerB^, coHa ero yBa^aerB, ho ne jno6BrB». 
9thmh cjioBauH vb bxl nonailflxi HC^epnHBajniCB caioiH cjhojr- 
HHH OTHomeHlH MO^CAy MysHEHOft H senn^HHOft, to^ho TaRse, 
RaRi wui onpoA^eniH HpaBCTBennnxi, yMCTBOHHHX'B h ^sH^e- 
CRHXi oco6eHHocTeft JnoiSoft jih^hocth y hhxi> cynnecxBOBaJio 
TOJiBRo ABa BHpasenifl: €6pK)HeirB> h c6jiohabhi>>. 

n Eo6poB'B, Hsi CMyiHaro jRejianiH pasGepeAHiB cbok) 8jiio6yv 
cnpocHJn: 

— ^TO-se TaRoe npeAcraBJouierB hsx ce6H 8totb IIpoTono- 

HOBl?.. 

— IIpoTononoBi?— saAyMajiacB na coKyHAy HHHa, — ora.,. 

RaKB-6H BEM'B CRa3aTB... AOBOJUBHO BHCORarO pOCTa... mSLTdWb.A 

— H 6ojiBnie HH^ero? 

— ^ero-xe en^e? Axi Aa: caryacHrB bi aRitHBi... 

— n TOJIBRO? Ji,dL HeysejiH, HHHa FpsropBeBHa, y Baci, a^ia 
xapaicTepHCTHRH ^ejiOB^Ra, ne nafiAeTca HH'^ero, RpoH% loro, ^no 
OHi> maTdHi H cjiyxHrB b% aRi^Hdi! IIoAyMaflTe: crojibro bi shshh 
BCTpinaeTCH Hani HHTepecHHxi>, TaJiaHTJiHBHxi h yusBTb jiRJAeft. 



HOXOXB. 115 

Heyacejra see dro tojebro <inaT9HH» h caKzpisHtte ^HHOBHffKa»l 

nOCMOTpHTe, ex RaKHMl SidJSMUWb JIK)6onBITCTBOMl Ha6jD[K)XaH)n 
3CH3HB EpeCTBHHCRiH S^TH H RaKl OHH utXRH Bl CBOnXl CyXJlfl' 

nisiTb. A B£i, yMHaa n HjTRaa A'&ByniRa, npoxoAHTe mbko Bcero 
paBHOflynmo, noToiiy tto y Baci eciB bi sanaci secaTORi maS- 

JIOHHUXl cROMHaTHUXl^ $pa31». fl 8HaR>, 6CJIH RT0-HB6yAB CRa- 

saerb npo JiyHy, bu ceft^ac^-se BciaBHTe: cRaR'B sra rjiynafl 
jiynai h t. a. Ecjih a pascRaaRy, noioacEirb, RaRoft-HH6yA& bbi- 
xoAflI^ifl H8X pflA& o6fi[RHOBeHHHX'B cjiy^afl, h Hanepex'^ SHafO, 
^To BH saM^THie: ccb'Ijro npeAanie, a BtpHTca ch TpyAOiCB>. Bu 
He xoxHTe 8a RopsHHRy aroA'B as^tb nHia^ROfiCb 6oJiBine r fobo- 
pHTe, ^TO 9T0 €H8l IipHHI^HIia>. RaROFO npHHi][Bna? H npH ^eiTB 
TyrB iipHHi(EirB! H Ta se RaseHHocTL b'b secrax'b b'b nocrya- 
Raxi... noB^pBTe MH%, paAH Bora, ^ro Bce caMo6HrHoe, CBoe- 
o6pa3Hoe..« 

— Si BacB npomy ne HRTaiB uwb npaBoyqeHift,— oiosBasacE 
p^RO Hnna. 

Ohi sauojraaJi'B, ci onQrnteHieirB ropeiH bo pry, h ohb 06a 

CHA^JIH MHHyrB lUlTB THXO H H6 mOBeJiaCB. BApyrib HSl rOCTHH- 

Hoft uocjonnanHCB sBy^HHO aRRopAu h, HOMHoro xpoHyruft, ho» 
nojiHuft rjiygoRaro BupajRenifl, rojioci Msjuiepa: 

GpoAB myMHaro 6aJia, cjnynaftHO, 
B'B xpoBori MlpcEOft cyeiBi, 
Te6H a yBHA^Ji'B, ho laftfla 
Tboh noRpuBajra ^epiu. 

OsJuoCjieHHoe nacTpoeme Bo6poBa 6Hcrpo yjienocB, a ohi^ 
KaJiijFB lenepB, tto oropHHJii Hnny. cjtjw nero BSAyMajTB a 
Tpe6oBaTB orB ea naHBHaro, CB%«aro Al^iCRaro yifa opHrHHan- 
Hoft cmAjiocte\> -—jiipiBjrh owb. — cB^AB OHa, RaRi niHiRa: mfi6e- 
HGTh nepBoe, qio efl npHXOAHrB bi rojioay, h, no^eirB sHaTB, 
HOserB 6fiiTB bto nte6eTaHie A^ace ropasAO- Jiy^nie, ^itb pasro- 
BopH oG'B BMancnnaiciH, e HH^l^e, h AORSM^eHTax'B*. 

— Hnna rpnropBeBHa, ho cepAHTecB Ha iieHfl. H yBJiORca h 
HaroBopHJii rjiynocieft,— cRasajTB owb Bnojirojioca. 

Hnna MOJi^aJia, oTBepnyBinHCB on nero h fjihah na bcxoaeb- 
myH) Jiyny. Ohi OTUCRairB b'b Teimori oa CBicHBmyioca pyay 
E, H^^acEO noacaBi ee, npomenrajTB: 

— HnHa PpHropBeBHa... IIoacajiyftcTa... 

UsHa BApyrB 6BiCTpo noBepnyjiacB rb neuy h, otb'^thb'b Ha 
ero noacaiie 6HCTpuirB, HepBHiUTB nosaiieirBy BocRJUHRHyjia to* 
HOHi nponi,eHla h ynpoRa: 

— SjiiOHRa! BcerAa bu iceHa o6HsaaTe... nojEBsyerecB rticB, 

HTO s Ha BacB He yH^io cepAETBca. 

n, oTTOJiRHyBx ero BHesanno saAposaBmyR) pyRy, no^m 

8* 



116 PFCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

BHpBaBmBCB on Hero, ohs nepe6teua 6ajiR0HX h CKpujiacB vb 
^epAX'B. 

... n B'B rpesaxi. neB'^AOiiHX'B cnjiK)... 

JlK)6flK) JiH Te6a — a He enaio, 

Ho KaaceTCfl hh'I^/^to'SK)(5s]d— 

lAn'b CO CTpacTHuifb n TOCRjniBBurB BBipasenieirb MEJUiepi. 

— Ho Rasercfl mh^, ^to jqhoGjiioI noBTopHJii BSBOomoBaH- 
BUMi monoTOHi BoCpoBi, rjiy6oRO nepoBOAfl Ayxi h npHSEKaa 
pyKy El 8a6HBin6Hyca cepxAy. 

— Sa^iMi ate— pacTporaHHO syMajTB ohi, — yTOMMio a ce6a 
fiesnjioAHtiMH Me^aKH o BaKOHi-TO neBixoMoicb, B08BU[moHiioMi> 
CHacTiH^ ROFAa 8a%cb, orojio Hena-^npocToe, ho rjiytfoKoe cnacTie. 
?ero xe eni,e nyacHo otb seHm;HHU, on xohh, ecooi bi neft 
€tojd:i>eo HixHOCTHy KpoTOCTH, HasH^ecTBa H BHHiiaHifl? Mil, 6in- 
HHe, nepBHue, 6oJiBHue jhoah, ne yiiieirb 6paTB npocTO on 
JEB8HH ea paAOCTOft, jch hx^b HapoHHo OTpaBJifleirb aaoitb Hameft 
HeyTOJUBHofi noTpeCnocTH KonancH bi Ka»AOM% ^bctbI, bi Ras- 
AOMi CBoeHX H Hysoiii noMHmjieBiH... TaxaH ho%, (Sjoiboctb 
jiK)6BMoft A^BymRB, MBJiuji nesaxifiJiHBUfl piiB, MHHyrHaA bchu- 
HiEa rn^Ba, h hotohi BHesanBaa jiacRa — FochoahI pasBi ho b% 
dTOMi BCfl npejiecTB cyn^ecTBOBamH? 

Ohi Bomejii b'b rocTHHHyio D0Beceji'6Bmift, 6oAPHft} hotth 
TopmecTByiomift. Fjiasa ero bctp^thjihcb ci xjiasaicH Hhhu, h bi 
e;i AOJDroHi Bsopi owb npoHejn nisHBift 0TB'6n Ha cboh mu- 
CJOB.— «OHa 6yAen iioeft xeHOfti, — noAyMaax BoCpoBi, on^yn^aa 
Bi Ayni'& CDORoftHyio paAOCTB. 

Pa^roBopi mejTB o EBamHHH'6. Ahhb A^aHacBOBHa, nanoji- 
HJia CBOBMi yB^peHHUMx rojiocoiTb BCK) ROiraaTy, roBopama, ^to 
>OHa Ayvaen saBxpa tooro noBecTH ccbohxi A^BOHeRn na BORsajix* 

— Ohohb Moxen Cbitb, hto BacHJiift TepeHneBHTb aaxo^en 
CA^JiaTB Baifb BBSBn. Ho Rpaflneft Hip'i, o ero npi-ldAi nni 
en^e sa Micam> nBcajia njiieMaHHBita iiysa Moeft ABOiopoAHOft ce- 
CTpH— JlH8a BijiOROHCRaa.,.. 

— 3to, Raacerca, la BtnoROHCRaa, 6pan Roiopoft senan na 
RHasH'6 MyxoBeiiEofl? — noRopno BCiaBHai say^eHHyio penaBRy 
rocnoABH'B 3BHeHR0. 

— Hy, Aa. Ta caMaa, CHHCxoAHieaBHO RHBHyaa kb ero cto- 
poByroJiOBoft Anna A^anacBeBHa. — Ona en^e npHxoAHica AaaBneft 
poAHeft no 6a6ymR^ CTpeMoyxoBBurB, ROTopuxB tk sHaemB. H 
Bon, JlHsa BiaoROHCRaa nncaaa Mni, hto BCTpiiHaacB bb oahohb 
o6niecTBi ci BacBaieHB TepeHTLeBBqeifB h peROMOHAOBaaa eny 
noGuBaiB y Haci, ecan eMy BSAyMaeica "ixaiB RorAa HH6yAB na 
aaBOAu. 

— Cyirlem-aH mh npHHan, Hioca? — cnpocna'B osaCoTOHHO 

-SBHeHRO. 

— EaRB Tu ciiimHO roBopemBl Mu CA^aem, no uoxewb. 



MOlOXli. 117 

Biffin yaci bo bcakomi> csY^^i^ im h6 jjsjiBBVL'h HH^Iirb ^ejroeiKa^ 
ROTopiift HiiierB Tpncra tbich^Ii roAoeoro AOxoAa. 

— rocnoAalTpHCTaTJHMTbl— npocTOHSJii 3aHeHK0.— IIpocTD 
CTpamHO noATMaxB. 

— Tpncxa thm^i!— BSfloxnyjia, tohho mo, HuHa. 

— TpHCTaraCflTB!— BOCRJIHKHyJIH BOCTOp:ReHHO XOpOirBA%BHItBI» 

— Jl^a,nBC6aT0 OHi>npojRHBaeTBAO KonieqRH, — cRasajia Ansa 
A^aeacbeBHa. BairiMi, OTB'b^afl na HeBBicRasaHHjio meicjub ao- 
Hepeft, OHa npH6aBHJia:-'jReHaTufl hojiob'^ki. Tojubro, toBoparB, 
oieHB HeyAa<iH0 JKeHHJicfl. Ero sena RaRaa-TO 6e3i(BiTHaa stm- 
HOCTB H coBcliTB HO npeACTaBHTeJiBHa. %o HE roBopETO, a seHa 
AOJsacBa 6uTB BUBicROft Bi KkJiBx% Myaca. 

— TpHCTa THM^i,— noBTopHjia eme pasi, tohho bi 6peAy> 
HsHa.— ^ero tojibro na sth AQHrBH ue CA'&iaeinB!... 

AflHa A^aeacBeBHa npoBejia pyRoft no ea miaiHiiEi BOJiocairB. 

— BoTB 6bi t66'I TaRoro Hyxa, a'%to^k&- A? 

3te rpflCTa TUcai'B ^yacoro roAOBoro AOxoAa to^ho HaaJieR- 
TpflsoBaJifl Bce o6mfiCTBO. Gi 6jiecTJiiii;EUE rjiaaaME e pasropis- 
mflMECH jiEi^aHs pascRasKiBajiflCB h CJiymajEHCB aneRAOTM o xeshh 
MEJiJiioHepoB'B, pascRasH 6acH0CJii0BHUXi M6HK) o6'Iaobt>, o 

KBJIEROJlinHHXX JIOOiaAflXX, fiajiaxi E ECT0pEqeCRE-668yMHHXl 

Tparaxx A^nerB. 

CepAi^e 5o6poBa noxoJiOA'iiio e ao 6ojie cssjiocb. Oh'b th- 

XOHBKO OTBICRaJl'B CBOK) lEJIAny E OCTOpOJRHO BBimaiTB Ha RpUJIBI^O. 

Ero yxoAa, anpo^eEi, e laRi hertO'Cm ho saHiTEJiii. 

H, KOfAa OHi RpynnoK) pbicbk) ixajTB aomoA e npeAcraBEJTB 
C66i TOMHue, Me^TaTeJiBHue rjrasa Hehu, menxaBnieft no'^XE b'b 
aafiuxBE: cxpECxa xuca^iii— eny BApyrB npflnouHEJica yxpeHHift 
aHeRAOTi CBixeBCRaro. 

— 3xa... xoate cyirteiB ce6a npoAaxB,— npomenxajiBOH'B^cy- 
AoposHO cxECHyB^ sy6£i e Ch GtmeHCXBOMB yAapEB'B ^opaaxepa 
xinicToifB no me*!. 



IIOA'BiSKaH R'B CBOeft RBapXflpI, Bo6pOBT> SaE'lxEJI'B CBixi^ 

Bi ORHaxi. c^ojiJRno 6bixb, Oes-B Mena npilxajii AORxopi e xe- 
nepB Bajiaexca Ha AHaani, bb OKHAaHiHicoero npiisAai, — noAy- 
MajTB OHX, CAep^EBaa BSMUJieHHaro ^opsaiepa. B'B xenepemaeicB 
HacxpoeniE Bo6poBa AORXopii GRo6eeB'B 6iiJii eAEHCXBenauEib 

HeJUOB^ROlTB B'B Hlpt, npHCyXCTBiO ROXOparO OH'B IfOrB BUHOOETB 

fiesi 6ojiri8HeHHaro pasApajRenia. 

Ohi jik)6hjix ECKpeHHO axoro 6e3QeqHaro, Rpoxaaro xoJicxaRa 
8a ero anipRjioneAE'^ecKift ywby lOHOQiecRyK) kebocib xapatcxepa 
fl Ao6poAyniHyK) cxpacxB m-b caopaE^ oxBJieieHHaro CBOficxaa. 
KaR0ft*6H Bonpoci he daxporEBani Bo6poBi, AORxopi GRo6e6Bi^ 



118 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

CI OABHaROBO 6oraToft apyAHi^eft h cb HeHSM^HHoft ropa^ocTbio 
onnoHHpoBSuii eiiy. H^ xora mosay o6oH]ffn, hi hxx CesnoHeH- 
ma% A^CaTax'b, ao chxx nopx BOSHSKajun tojibko npoiHBopi^, 
rbwb He HBHie ohh CKynaJiH apj^b 668i AP7^ ^ bha'I^cb 
HjTB He eseAHeBHO. 

^OKTOpi, A^ttCTBHTeJIBHOy JLQXBJUh HE AHBaH^, SaRHHyBl HOFH 

Ha ero cnHHRy, h hhtsuii RaRjio-TO Cponnopy, vfipxz, ee bujuot- 
HyK) y CBOHXi 6jm8opyRHX'B roiasi. Bucrpo CEOJiB8HyB7» Bsroui- 
XOiTB HO RopemRy, Eo6poBi» ysnaJi'B €yHe6fiuft RypcB Kexaji' 
jrypilE MeBiyca» h yju]6Hyjicfl« Ohi xopomo snaJTb npHBuiRy 
AORTOpa HEiaTB Cl OAHHaROBIUTB HHTepecoiTB, H HenpeiflHHo 
H81 cpeAEHu, Bce, HTo TOJiBRo HonaAajnocB eify noA'b py^y. 

— A a 6en Baci pacnopaABJica naftRoiTB,— CRasajni AORXop's, 

OT6pOCHBl» B'B CTOpOHy RHHTy H TJUlffi HOBepXl OHROBX Ha Bo- 

6poBa.— Hy, RaROBO nonpurHBajra, rocyAapB Moft, AnApeft HjuBEqi? 
y-y, AA RaROft ace bu cepAHTuft. ^to? Ohhtb Beceaaa Mejuanxo- 
julfl, He6ocB, sa^a? 

— Axi, AORTopiy CRsepHO Ha CB^rt shtb, CRaaaJTb ycxajio 
6o6poBi». 

— Owero 26 xaRi, rojiy6qHRi? 

— JljSL xaKb... Boo6ii^e... Bce CRBepno. Hy, rbri, AORiopi, 
Bama 6oJiBHBi]ia? 

— Hama 6oJiLHHita HH^ero... satwrh. CeroAHfl otohb hh- 
xepecHuft xspyprHHecRift cjiynaft 6^jrb. Eft-Bory, h CM^mno, h 
xporaxejUBHO. IIpeACxaBBxe 666*6, npHxoA&xi na yxpenHift ocHOxpi 
napeHB, hsi MacajiBCRHxi RaMeHBH^HROBi. 9xh MacajiBCRie pe- 
6axa, RaRoro hh bosbmh, Bci, RaR'B Ha noAfiopi, 6oraxupH.— 
%o ie6%? — cnpaniHBaK). — JUa boxi, rocnoAHH^ Aoxiypi, 
pisajii fl xjA6'b fflo. apxejiH, xaR'B najieii(i Manene'iRO no- 
nopTHJn, pyAy HHRaRx ne yftMeniB.— OcMoxpijTB a ero pyRy— 
xaRi €66*1, i^apanHHRa, nycxaRH — npsRasajTB ^eJiBAOnepy njna- 
cxupB noJioacHXB. Tojibro BHsy napeHB iioft ne yxoAHXi* — 
Hy, ^ero xe6i en^e naAO? — cnpamHBaio.— SaRJueHJoa xe6i 
pyRy H cxynaft. — 9x0 B^pno, roBopnrB, saRJienjtH, ffiA Bon 
xe6i BAopoBBa, a xojibro boxi mxo axxa fianma y Mena xpem- 
muxB, xaR'B AyMaK), sa oaho h nanpoxHBB 6aniRH ^ero HB6yAi» 
AaniB. — ^xo ae y Xe6a cb 6aniRofl-io? Tpecnyjn rxo HH6yAB, 
B*pHO?— UapeHB xaBi h o6paAOBajica, saroroiaji'B. — Ecxb, tobo- 
pBx^, xoxi rpixx. OnoMHacB, na Cnaca (axo sna^^Hxi ahh xpn 
xoMy HasaA'B), saryaajiH mu apxejuBio, a& BHna bhhhjih seApa 
nojixopa, ny, po6axa h sa^ajm 6aJioBaxB nponesB C66a... Hy, a 
a xoace. A onocjua... bi ap^^-to nenixo pa86epeniBca? Ka-aRB 
OHi Mena oroiofijieft caAaHyjTB no 6dJiKk.. hohhhhji'b, cxajio 6uxb... 
CHa^ajia-xo oho nnqero Cbuio, ne 6ojibho, a boxi xenepB xpem* 
nuaxB 6amRa-xo.— Cxajni a ocMaxpHBaxB ero cfiaJiAy^ h hxo xe 
BH Aynaexe?— npaMo bb ysacx npameJi'B! ^epeni npoJiouJueH'B 



MOJIOXl. 119 

aacKBOSB, A^pa c^ niiTaKi wbjsjsLELi 67x6x1 bojuhhehok), n 06- 

JIOMRH ROCTH B'B MOSrB Bp^SaJUHCB... TonepB JLQTKai'h BX 60JIBHIII^% 

6e8i» cosHasdH... nsyMHTejuBHufl, a bbmi, CRamy, HapoAei^B: MJia- 
AeH^u H repoH b^ oaho h to sue Bpeii^. £fl-6ory, a. He myra 
AyifaK), HTO TOJiBKO pyccRift Tepn'ijiHBBifl MyjKHRB H BUHecerb 
TaRyH) cnoHHHRy 6ajiflH». ^pyroft, He cxofla ci urtcra, Hcny- 
CTHJii 6u Ayxi. Q noTOiTb, RaRoe HS^HBHoe He3Jio6ie: cbb ApaR-i 
Hemxo pa36epenib?..» ^oprb anaerB, no laRoe! 

Bo6poB'B xoAHJn BsaAi) n BnepeAB no ROHHaii, n^ejiRajTB 
xjiHCTOM'B no roJieHHE^aifB BucoRHXB canorx h pasdaHHO cJiy-« 
majTB AORTopa. Fope^^B, ociBmaa eny na Ayniy en^e y SHneHORB, 
Ao CHxi nop'B He iiorjia ycnoRonxBCA. 

JI^oRTopB noMOJiHaji'B Heamoro h, bhah, hto ero co6eciAHHRi 
HepacnojiojReH'B r'b pasroBopy, CRasajix cb y^acTieMi: 

— Snaere ^to, AnApeft Hjibh^b? nonpo6yeMTe-Ra na mh- 
HyiOTOy JieHB cnaxB, Aa XBaiHiix na ho^b jioaeHRy-ApyryK) 6poMy. 
Oho noJiesHO bb Bameni HacxpoenlH, a BpoASi, bc6 paBHo, HERa^ 
Roro He CyAOTB... 

Ohh 06a jierjiH BB OAHoft ROHHaii: BoSpoBi na RpoBain, 
AORTopi Ha TOMi* jRe AHBaH-b. Ho n TOMy, h APJ^ony ne cna- 
jnocB. CRo6eeB'B AOJiro cjiymajiB bi xeMHOii, RaRB Bopo^aexcH 
Cb 6oRy Ha 6orb n B3Auxaexi» 6o6poBB, h, HieiROHei^, saroBO- 
pHJi^ nepBufi: 

— Hy HTO BH, rojiytfqHR'B? ny hto xepsaexecB? y«^ roBO- 
pnxe jjiy^me np^uio, hxo xaRoe xaMB bi Bacx sacijio? Bee Jierne 
^yAexi. ?aft, BcexaRH ne "fyjKoft a BaM'B HejiOB'iRB, ne hsi 
npasAHaro JiK)6oauxcxBa cnparnHBaio. 

dxH npocxuH cjioBa xponyjiH 6o6poBa. Xoxh ero h cbjblsu- 

BajIH CB AORXOpOlTB HOHXH APy^^CRifl OXHOmeHlH, OAHaRO HH 
OAHHl H8% HHXB AO CHXl HOpB HH CJIOBOITB HO HOAXBepAHJITB 

axoro BCJiyxB: 06a 6ujih jiioah ^yxRie h 6oajihcb Rojnonaro cxuAa 
BsaHUHBix'B HpHsnamfi. J(oRxopB nepBuft oxrphji'b cboo CQpAi^te. 
HoHHaH xeHHoxa h jRajiocxB Kb AnApeio HjiBH^y noHoroiH 
axoMy. 

— Bee MHi xaatejio n raARO, OcHnx Ochhobhhi, — oxosBajiM 
THxo Bo6poBB.— nepBoe Mni raARO xo, ^xo a cjiyxy na aaaoAi 
H nojiynaio sa axo 6oJiBmia A^HBrH, a mh*! axo canoe a^o boxi 
BaRi npoxHBHoI 51 cuxaK) ce6H necxHuifB nejiOB^RoicB h noxoicy 
npflMo ce6fl cnparnHBaio: tto xm A'^Jis^eniB? ROtfy xu hphhochhib 
HOJiBsy? a HaHHHaio pa86HpaTBCH bx 3xhxb Bonpocaxi h BHay, 
^xo, GjiaroAapa hohhb xpyAairB, coxna ^pani^yscRHXB jiaBOHHH- 
ROBi-panxBe h a^cjitori jiobkhxb pyccRHXB npoftAOXB co Bpe- 
MeneiTB nojiosaxB bb RapifanB MHJiJiioHU. A Apyrofi i^'I^jih, Apy- 
roro CMHCJia nixB bi» iom-b xpyji, na noAroxoBRy rb RoxopoMy 
Si y6HJiB JiyHmyK) nojiOBHHy jrhbhh. 3xo-to Mena h xepsaexB, 
Aoporott AORxopi. 



120 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

— Hy, yai 9to jaae CMiraHo, An/ipeft HiiLHTb, — Boapa- 
bhjiTi ;iOKTopx. — Bh Tpe6yeTe, tco6h Karie-TO <6ypxya> npo- 
HHKJiHCB HHiepecaMH mHpoKoft ryMaHHocTH, Ci* rtxi HOP'S, ro- 
jiyfiHHK'B, KaKi Mipi CTonrb, see Bnepe;t'L ;^BHxeTca. 6pH)xoin>^. 
HHa^e He 6hjio h ne Cy^erB. Ho cyiB-xo bt> tomi, hto Baii^ 
HanjieBaTB na eypacyes-b, noiOMy ^to bu ropasflo BHme hx-b. 
HeyacejiH ct> Baci He^OBOJiBHo MyacecxBeHHaro n ropjaro cosna- 
BiHy ^To BU TOJiKaexe BnepeA'B, BBipasajiCB asurohi nepeAOBux'B 
cxaieft npoBHHitiaJiBHHxx raserB, cKOJiecHHijy nporpecca*. ^oprB 
bosbmh! AKniH napoxoAHHXi) oemeciB-B. npHHOcarB KOJioccajiBHBre 
J^HBHJ^eHSH, HO pasB* 3T0 MimaerB ^yjuBiOHy CHHiaTBca 6jiaro- 
jiieJieM^ qeJuoBiHecTBa? 

— Axx, fl;oKTopi, joKTopi, — BoepoBi jocaAJiHBO noMop- . 
mHJica.— Bh He Ghjth, KaJKeica, cerojHj! y SHnenoKi, a BaniHMH 
ycTaMH BjpyrB saroBOpHJia hxi acHTeflcKaa MyapociB. CjiaBa 
Bory, MH% He npH^exca xo^hxb AaJieKO sa BOspaaceniflMH, noxony 
^xo a ceflnacB pasoGBio sacs Bamefl ^e n3JiK)6jieHHOd xeopieft. 

— To ecxB KaKoft 3io xeopieft?.. IIosBOJiBxe... a tco to ne 
noMHK) HHKaKoft xeopiH... npaBO, rojiyC^HicB, ne homhio... aaCfiUTB 

^lO-XO... 

— 3a6Hra? A kxo bji^cb ate, Ha 3X0mi caMCiTB ^HBaHi, cb 
n^Hoft y pxa Kpmajii, ^xo hh, HH^enepBi h H3o6pixaxeJiH, cbo- 
BMH oxKpKixiflMH ycKopaBMX iiyjiBCi o6ni;ecTBeHHofl jkhshh ao 
ropaneHHoft CEopocxH. Kxo cpaBHHBaJTB 3iy acHSHB cb cocxoa- 
HieMi. acHBOTflaro, ' BaoioHeHHaro bb 6aHKy ex khcjiopoaom'b? 0, 
R oxjiHHHO noMHK), KaKofl cxpamHHfl nepe'ieHB sireft XX Btna, 
HeBpacxeHHKOBi, cyMacffleflmErxB, nepeyxoiijieHHHX'B, caMoyCifli^'B 
KHjjajiH Bii BT> TJiasa axBMi caMHMi 6jiaroAixejiairB po^a hcjio- 
BtnecKaro. Tejierpa$x, lejie^OHi, cxo;^BawaxHBepcxHHe nois^a, 
roBopHJiH BH, coKpaxHJiH pascxoHHle JO mlnimnm'a, yHHHXoacHjm 
ero... BpeMa BsjopoacaJio flo xoro, hxo CKopo HaiayrB hohb npe- 
Bpan^axB bt> rchb, h6o yae HjBCXByeica noxpeCnocxB wb xaKoft' 
yABOOHHofi 3KH8HH, Cft'S^JiKa, xpeCoBaBDiaa paHBme AtjiHX-B m^m- 
r^CBi, xenepB OKaHHHBaexca bx haxb MBHyii, Ho 3xa HepxoBCKan- 
CKopocxB He yjoBJiexBopaexx yace HaraeMy HexepniHiro, Meac;iy 
xiMx, KaK'B Bcero naxBjec^xi J^fex^ xoMy HaaaA^ Hama npeARH, 
coCapaacB nsi jepeBBH bi <ry6epHiK)>, ne cnima, cjiyacHJiH mo- 
ae6eHi h nycEajiBCB bi nyxB cb sanacoM'B, AOCxaxo^HBiMi ajia 
noaapHoft SKcneAimiH... H mbi neceMca, caoMa roaoay, B^epeA^ h 
H BnepeRi, oraymeBHiie rpoxoxoMi h xpecKoirB HyAOBHmaHxi 
ManiHH'B, ojypiBmie oxTb aiofl CimeHoft CKa^KH, cb pasApaacen- 

HHMH HepBaMH^ HSBpan^eHHBIMH BKyCdMH H XBICa^aMH HOBUXl 

CoaisHefl... HoMHHxe, AOKXopi? Bee axo Baran coCcxBeHHHa caoBa, 
noCopHHK'B 6aaroAixeaBHaro nporpeccal 

j^ORXop-B, yace HicKoaBKO pasi xn^exHO ntixaBniiftca Boapa* 
8BXB, BocnoaB80Baaca MunyxHoft nepeABiinKOfi 6o6pOBa. 



MOJOXl. 121 

— Hy fla, Hy ja, rojiyfiqHK'b, Bce aio a roBopajTB, — aaro- 
ponHJica OEi, HecoBC'iM'b, o^HaKo, yeipeHHO. — S h lenepb aio 
yTBepxAaio. Ho naAO 2ce, rojiySquKi, TaKi CRa3aT&, npHcnoco6- 
jiATBca. RaiTB Ke hchtl-to BHane? Bo BCflKOd npo^ecbm ecib 

dTH CKOJIBSRie nyHKTHEH. BOTB, BS^TL XOTB HaCL, HaapHMbpi^ 

flOKTopoBT*.., Bh ayMaeie, y Hact see 3to xaKi acHO h xoporao, 
KaKi Bi> RHHJRe^Rt? JI,a BiAi» MH AajiBmc xnpypria Hui-^ero 
poBHemeHBKO He sflaeMi. nas'lpHHEa. 3a6oJi']^Ji'B nauieHi'B Jiaxo- 
paAKofij MU ero nniKaeirB chininum muriaticam; ^Rap'B 6oj[b- 
mofl— npHHHMafl phenacetini, nepsM pascTpoeHBi,— Raxad 6poMa- 

CTUXl COJiefi. MbI BBIAyHMBaeM'B HOBUH JQliRapCTBa VL CHCTeBfU, 

BO coBepmeHHO arHopupyeirB toti ^asirB, qio H3'b Tucfl^H op- 

raHHBMOB'B wkTh AByXl, XOTB CKOJIBKO HHfiyAB HOXOXHXB COCia- 
BOMl KpOBE, A'^TeJIBHOCTBIO CepAAa, yCJlOBiflMH HaCJI'^ACTBeHHOCTH 

B HopTB SHaei^ niwb en^e! Mu yAajiBJSBCB otb eABHaro Bipnaro 
lepaneBTB^ecKaro nyiB, — otl MeABi^HHH sB'Ipeft b saaxapoici, 

HU HaBOAHflJIB ^.OpBaEOneK) paSHHMB KOKaSHaMB, aTpoHBuaMB, 

(l^eHaKeTBHaMB, ho hh ynycTBJiB hsi BBAy, hto, ecnB npocroMy 
HCJiOBiKy AaiB ^BCTOfi BOABi, Aa ysipHTB ero xopomeHBKO, hto 

dlO CBJIBHOe JI^RapCTBO, TO HpOCTOd HeJIOBtlCB BUSAOpOBierB. A 

MeJKAy T^Mi Bi> A^BHHocTa cJiy4aax'B ULsiy CTa B-b Hameft npaK- 
THK'6 noMoraex'B tojibko ara yB'&peHHOCTB, BaymaeMaa HainBirb 
npoij^eccioHajiBHUM'B jKpenecKBM'B anJiOM6oifi>. IIoBipBxe jib? Oabhi 
xopomifi Bpaii b, bi» to srb Bpetfa, yMHud b necTHuft hojiob'Ik'l 
npHSHaBajiCH MHi, nio oxothhkh jiinarB co6aK'B ropa3.j^o pai^io- 
HajiBHie, Hian* mu jiioAefl. TaMi oaho cpeACTBO — cipHBifl ab^tb, 
BpeAa oco6eHHaro oh'b ne npHHecsTx, a HHorAa, BceTaKH, b no- 
MoraerB... He npaBAa jib, rojiyCHHKx, npiaiHan KaptBHKa? A, 
OAHaKO, fl MU A^aeM'B, hto uoxewb... HejiBsa, moH Aoporoft, 
BHa'ie: ^bshb Tp66yeTi> ROMnpoMBCCOBi>... Hho& pasi, xotb cbo- 
BMi) BBAOMi> Bce3HaK)ntaro aBrypa, a BcexaicB o6jier^BinB CTpa- 
Aank 6jiBjRHaro. H na tomi cnacflOo. 

— ^a, KOMnpOMHCCU-ROMnpOMBCCaMB,— BOSpasBJIl MpaHHEDTB 

ToaoM'B Bo6poBi,— a, OAHaRO, bh y MacajiBCRaro RaMeHBn^BKa ro- 
CTB Bsi) ^epena-TO ceroAHA HSBJieRjiB... 

— Axx, roJiy6qBR'B, hto SHaiHrB oabht> BcapaBJieaHHft to- 
peax? noAyMaflxe-Ra, crojibro pxoBi* bu RopMHxe e crojibrbmi 
pyKaM'B A^^Te pa6oxy. En^e bi* BCxopiB MjiOBaftcRaro CRasano, 
Hxo ci^apB BopBci, acejiafl CHBCRaxB pacaoJiOKenie napoAHux'B 
MaccB, npeAnpBHBMaji'B bI) rojiOAHBie roAu nocxpofiRy ofin^ecxBeH- 

HUXl 3AaHid». %0-X0 BXdXOM'B pOAt... BOX'B BBI B HOc^BTattxe, 

KaRyio ROJioccajiBHyio cyMMy hojibsu bbi... 

HpB nocji'bAHHxi cjioBax'B Bo6poBa to^ho noA^pocBJio Ha 
KpoBaxB, B OH'B 6Hcxpo yci^Jicfl Ha Heft, cb^cbbi bhbsb rojuia 
HorB. 

— nOJlB3BI?— SaRpBTOJTB OHTb B3CXynJieHH0. — Bh MHi TOBO- 



122 PyCGSOB BOrATGTBO. 

pne nojiL8%? Bx TaROiTB esy^iiai, yacL ecjra hoaboahtb Hxorn 
nojuBsi H Bpexy, to, nosBooiLTe, a BaHi npHBeAy MaJieHBRyio 

CTpaHHHRy HSB CTaTHCTHRH. — H OWb Ha^aJTL H^pHHM'B H pts- 
RHHl TOHOITB, RaRB ' fijATO 6u FOBOpHJIl CB RaoeApH. — JI^aBHO 

HdBicTHO, HTO pa6oTa Bi pyAHHRaxB, maxraxi, Ha MexaJuiKHe- 
CRHX'B saBOAaxB H na 6ojiLmHX'B ^a^pHRaxi coRpan^aerB »H3Hb 
paCo^aro, npnSjissHTeJiBHO, Ha Jijbsyio qexaepTL. Si ne roBopK) y^Re 
nec^acTHuxB cjnyiaAX'b bjut HenocBJibHoifB xpyA^. BaMB, RaR'b 
Bpa^y, ropasAO Jiy^me Hoero hsb^ctho, RaRoft npoxtenrb npHxo- 
AHTca na aojik) CH4)njiHca,, nKAHCiBa h HyAOBHnpHxi rBriOHfl- 
^ecRHX'B ycjiOBift... IIocToftTe, AORTop:^, npescAe niwh Bospa- 
jKaxB, BcnoMHHxe, HHoro-jmi bu bha'^jih na ^aGpHR'b pa6oqHX'B 
cxapie 40 — 45 jrixB? 51 noJioJRHxejiBHo He Bcxplnajn'B. Hhhkh 
cjioBaMH 8X0 sHaHHXi, Hxo pa6oiift oxAaexi> npeAnpHHEMaxejiio 
xpE M^cfli^a cBoeft* shshh bi roAi, noA^Jno — bi M^caxtB, hjih, 
Ropone, iuecmh nacoBi^ b^ a^hb... TenepB^ cjiymaftxe AS^J^^Qie... 
y HacB, npH ^exBipexi Aonnax'B, 6yAexB sanaxo ao 20,000 He« 
JHOB^RX (i](apK) BopHcy^ Bipno, h ho chhjihcb xaRiii i^H^pBi!) 
^BaAiiaxB xucHHB HejiOB^RB, Roxopiie, Bci BBcicxi, xaRx CRasaxB, 
cjRHraiQxi Bi cyxRH 120,000 nacoB'B CBoeft co6cxBeHHoft schshh, 
xo ecxB 5,000 AHeft, xo ecxB, naRonei^'B, crojibro xe axo CyAexi 
jAib?.. 

— Orojio xpHHaAi^axH Jiixi, — noACRadaJi'B AORXopi. 

— Orojio xpHHaAi^axH xbvh wb cyxRH! — saRpE'ianB 5o6poBi>. — 
T{)oe cyxoRi pa6oxBr noampaioxi ii'ljiaro nejiOB-lRa. ^opxi bosbmhI 
Bu noMHHxe hsb BaGjiiH, ^ixo RaRie xo xairB accnpiaHe hjih Moa- 
BHX)iHe npHHOCHJiH CBOHiTB CoraKB HOJiOBi'^ecRiH acepxBU? Ho 
vb)if> 3XH lii^AHue rocnoAa, Mojioxi h JI^aroHi», noRpacH'lJiH 6u 
orb CXNA& H oxB o6hau nepeAi» x^hh i^H^paMH, hxo a cefl^acB 

npHBOJTB... 

dxa cBoeo6pa3Hafl MaxeifaxHRa xojibro hxo npHinjia bb roJiOBy 

Eo6pOBy (OHB, RaRB H HHOriO) 076HB BHe^aXJIHXeJIBHUe JIIOAHy 

HaxoAHJTB H0BU)i MHCJm XOJIBRO cpoAH pasroBopa). TilfB H6 lf6- 
Hie, H ero caMoro, h CRo6eeBa nopasHJia opHrHnajiBHOCXB bu- 
^HCJieHiA. 

— ^opxi B08BHH, das ist piramidall — oxossajica cb AHBaHa 

AORXOpB. XOXH IlH^ptl MOryXl 6iIXB H He COBCilTB XO'^HHMH... 

— A HSBicxHa jiH BaMi,— npoAOJURajTB ct> e^^e CoJiBmeft ro- 
pa^HocxBK) BoCpoBi,— HSBicxHa JIH BaMB Apyraa cxaxHCXH^ecKaa 
xa6jiBi^a, no Roxopoft bu cb nepxoBCROft xohhocxbk) MOJRexe bu- 
^flCJiBXB, bo crojibro ^ojioB-l^ecREXB JKHSHefi o6oflAexca Ra^KABlft 
marB BnepoA'B Bamefl a^bojibcroA ROJiecHHi:(Bi, RasAoe H3o6p]^- 
xenie Ranofl HH6yAB noraHofl b'Iajirh, ciajiRH hjih pejiBCO-npo- 
RaxRB? Xopoma, neiero CRasaxB,* Bama iiHBHJiHsaitiH, ecJiH e^ 
hjioau HciHCJiflioxcH i:(H$paicH, rgk bi bjujs^ eAHHHAi cxohti see- 



HOJEOXli, 123 

jiffiHaa MamHHa, a wb bha^ ajjieA-^jsiksjaA pjiA^ ^ejiOBiqecRHxi» 
cynilciCTBOBaHlfll 

— Ho, nocJiymaftTe, vosiy6miKb bu mo*,— BOBpasHJii aok- 
Topi, c6HTiiift cb TOJURy iiHJiKocTbH) 5o6poBa, — TorAa, no Ba- 
meiiy, Jiyraie 6yflerb BOSBpaTMBca ki nepBo6HTHOMy Tpyjy, 
TTO SSL? Smiwb 3RQ BU Bco TOpHUfl CTopoHu 6epeTe? BijISb, BOrby 
y Haci, HO CMoipji na Bamy MaieHaTHRy, h mnojia ecTB npn sa^ 
BOA^, H i:(6pR0BB, H 6oJU>HHi^a xopomafl^ H o6]i](ecTBo A^nieBaro 
RpeAHTa jsfla paeoHHxi... 

6o6poBi coBciMi BCKOHHJDfb CI HOCTOJiH H 6ocoft 3a6iraji'B no 
ROnnaTi. 

— H 6oJiBHHita Bama, h mROJia — Bce aio nycTARs! Bfiujak 
XliiCRafl ]s,JUL TaRHXi* ryManHCTOBi, RaR'b bh, yctynRa o6n][ecTBeH^ 
BOHy MH'^Hiio... EcJin xothtb, a Bam CRaasy, RaR'b mu, na ca- 
MOMi A^'^i CMOTpHMi... Bu sHaeTO, ^To laROo $HHnnn>? 

— *EHHra'L?— 8to too-to JiomaAHHoe, Raaeica? %o-to TaRoe 
Ha CRaHRaxi? 

— ^a, na CRa^Raxi*. ^nnnmeini HasuBaiOTCH nocjrfiAHiH ab- 
cflTB, ABaAiiaTB casoHB nepoA'B sepcxoBUHB ctoji6omi». JIomaAB 
XOJi^na Hxi> npoftTH cb nanCojiBnieft CRopocTBio, sa ctoji6om'b 
ona Mo:ReTB xotb nsAOxnyTB. ^nnnnrB— aro nojmiftmee, vaRca- 
MajiBHoe HanpjuReHie chjtb b^ hto6h BHacaiB hsi jiomaAH $n- 
Bxnrbj ee HCiflsaiorB xjoictohi ao RpoBn... TaRi boitb h hu... 
A ROFAa ^Hnnm^ BuscaTB n RJiana ynajia cb nepanoMJienHOft 
cnnnoft n pasCHTmiH noraiiH — Ki nepTy ee, ona SoJiBme npRyAa 
He roAHTCfl. BoTB TOCAft H HSBOJUBTe yitmaTB naBmyio na ^h- 
HBmi RjiflHy BamHMH niROJiaMH a^ 6ojiBHni^aHH... Bu bha'^jih jih 
RorAa-nnCyAB, AORTopL, jiHTeftHoe h npoRaTnoe xkio? Ecjih bh- 

ABJIB, TO BU A0JI2CHU SHaiB, TTO OHO Tpe6yerB S^CROft Rp^nOCTH 

HepBOBi), cTannuxi) MycRyjiOBi» h jiobrocth i^npROBoro apincTa... 
Bu AOJs^Hu anaiB, hto RaxABifl HacTepi h^crojibro pasi bb 
ABhb H86iraerB CMepTejiBnoft onacnocin, tojibro 6jiaroAapA yAH- 
BHTeJiBHOMy npHcyiCTBlH) jsjxdk... H CROJEBRO sa dTOTi TpyAi> pa- 
6o^ift noJiyiaeTB, xothto bu snaTB? 

• — A BceraRH, noRa ctohtb saBOAx, TpyAi aioro paCoiaro 
o6e3neHeHi>,— CRasaji'B CRoSeeBi. 

— ^ORTopi! ne roBopHie naHBHBix'B Ben^eft,— BOCRJiHKHyji'B 
BofipoBi, caAflCB na hoaoroahhri. TenepB pa6oHift 6oJiie, ^mi* 
ROFAa J11160, saBHcnrB orB puno^maro cnpoca, otb GnpseBofl 
Hrpu, OTB pasnux'B saRyjiHcnuxi hhtphtb. KasAoe rponaAHoe 
npeAnpi^Tle, npessAe ^^wb ono nofiA^Tib bi xojp>, nacwTUBaerb 
Tpexi HJiH ^oTupex'B noROfinnROBii-aaTponoB^B. BairB hsb'^ctho, 
KaRi» co^aJiocB name o6ntecTBo? Ero ocnoBajia, sa najiH^nuH 
AOHBra, ne^oJiBmaH Ronnanifl RannTajiHCTOB'B. Jl^isio npoAnojiara- 
jiocB ycxpoHTB cHi^ajia bt* He6oJiBmnxi pasii^pax^B. Ho jsjk^nH 
6aHAa HnjRenepoBi>, AHpoRiopoB'B s hoaphaihrob'b yxnyjiH Rann- 



124 pyCCBOB BOrATCTBO, 

Tajnb TBK-h CRopo, qio npeAnpuHHBiaTejiiH ne 'ycatjia h orju- 

HyTBCH. BoZBOfflJinCb rpOUaj^HEIfl nOCipOftKH, ROTOpUa aOTOACS 

ORasuBaJiHCB HoroABUKH... RaasTajibHUH sAadn msnHj RaRib y nacB^ 
roBopATb, €Ha Mflco>, T. e. peajnxcb ABHauHTOicB. H, Rorxa, b^ 
KOHAt-ROHHiOB'B, npeflnpiflTie nonuio no 10 rod. aa pySjib, tojibro 
Tor^a cxajio noHaiHO, mo Bca aia CBoaoib flfeftcTBOBaJia no sa- 
pafirie o6AyMaHHOfi cect6m% n nojiyiajra sa CBoft KHJiuft ofipas-b 
fttftCTBifl onpeAiJieHHoe'aaJiOBaHbe on* apyroft, 6oJite Coraroft 
H JiOBRoft ROHnaHiH. Tenepb a^jio HAei'b wb ropas^o fiojibinaxb 
pasutpaxi, HO uwb xopomo n3BtcTH0, ?to npH Rpaxi aepBaro 
noRofiHHEa 800 pa6oiHX'B He noJiy^HJiH AByxHtca^iaaro ^ajio- 
BaHBa. BoTB BaMX H o6e3ae?6UHBifi ipyA^! ,2(a ctohtb tojibko 
aiciuaifi ynacTB na 6Hp3eil^, RaRi axo ceft^aci ^e OTpaxaerca na 
sapaSoTHOft ujiaTi. A BauB, a Aynaio^ HSBicTQO, RaRi* noAau- 
MaiOTca H naAaiOTB na fiapx*! aRi^ia. J(jia aToro ny^so Mai 
npiixaiB bT) IIeTep6ypn> — inenHyTB MaRJiepy, hto botb, mojib, 
yoHy a npoAaiB Tucaqi na ipHCxa aKitlft, cTOJibRO, mojib, paT^H 
Bora, dTO neacAy naMH, y«^ Jiymae a BaBCB saajia^iy xopoimft 
KypiaafB, tojilko MOJiHaie*.., IIoTOBrB ApyroMy h TpeiieMy men- 
uyiB Toace caMoe no ceRpexy, b aRD^ia MraoBeaao naAaH)XB na 
HicKOJUBRO AGcaxROB'B py6jiefi. H ^tMB 6ojiibQie ceRpexB, xtMi. 
CRopte H aipnte ynaAyxi* aKDiia... Xoponia o6e3neqeHHOcxB!.. 

CHJiBHuifB ABH^ReHieifi pyRH Bo6poBB pasoMCB pacnaxaya'B 
ORHO. Bb ROMHaxy BopBajEca xoiiOAHufi BOSAyxi. 

— OocMOxpaxe, nocMOxpnie cioAa, AORxopi, — RpHRHyjTB. 
AHApeft Hjibh^'b, noRa3U6aa najubiJteMx no^nanpaBJueHiK) saBOAa* 

CRo6eeB^ npnnoAHajica na aoRxi a ycxpeMaji'B raasa bb 
HOTHyio leMHOxy, rJiaAianiyK) hs-b ORua. Ha bcgmb rpomaAnoMB 
npocxpancxBi, pascxaJiaBmeafca BAaJna, pA^-ota, pasfipocaaabia b-b 
eesTHcaeaHOifB HHOxecxai, Ryia pacEcajieaaaro asBecxaaRa, na 
noBepxHocxa RoxopBixi) xo a a^^o BcnuxaBajia roJiySoBaxbie a 
8ejieaHe cipabie oma... 3ro roptjia asBecTROBbia neM *)- HaAB 
saaoAOifB cxoajio orpoKHoe, Rpacaoe, Roaefijiion^eeca aapeao. Ha 
ero RpoBaaoBTB (j^oai cxpoflao a nexRO pacoaajiacB xesfabia aep- 
xyniRE BucoRHxi* xpy6'B; nexAy x^h'b, RaRi naacaia lacxa hcb 
pacnJiuBajiacB bb ctpoMi* xyBiaa-l^, meAmeifB oxb seBiJia. Pa3- 
Bepcxfiia nacxB araxi BeJiHRanoB'B CesocxaaoBo^ao aspFiiraaa 
rycxHe RJiy6H AHMa, Roxopue CMiraaBajiacB bb OAay cnaomayio 
xaoxHHecRyH), MeAnenao nojisymyro na bocxorT) xy^y, MicxaMH 
6'hjLyv)y RaRi ROMBa aaxBi, iftcxaua rpasao-cipyio, iilcxasia acen- 
xoBaxaro ufiiTd^ sejiisaoft pxaB^aH^i. HaA^ xoHRHHa, AJmaa&iaa 
AUMOOXBOAaua, npaAaaaa Jiwb bbat* acaoJiaacRaxi (j^aROJuoBi*, 



*) n8BecTR0B£Zfl ne<iH ycTpaHBaK>Tca TaREMi oGpasoM'L. ORJiaAUBaeTca H8'&^ 
■SBecTROBaro RanHH zojemi, BeiHqHHOio cb qejiOB^qecKift ipocTii, h paasHPaeTca 
;^poBaMH HJiB EaHOHHuifb ymewb. 9roTi» zoum'b pacsaJifleTCH orojio hoa'^jih, ao 
TbxT> nop-b, nosa Edt RaMOfl He oOpasyoTCfl Herameaafl HssecTjb. 



KOJiavb. 125 

Tpenerajin h HerajrHCB iipRie CHonu ropfln^aro rasa. Orb flXT> 
HeBipnaro OTCj^ecRa HaBncmaH HaAi saBOAOUi AHHHaa Tjna, 
TO BcniaxHBafl, to noryxaa, npHHHHaJia npHHjAJinBo-CTpaHHHe 
OTrtHRH. Bpeiia orb BpeMOHE, KorAa, no pisnoMy sBony CHrHajtb- 
Haro MOJiOTKa, onycRajiCH bhhsi EOJinaRi AoneHHoft ne^H, tohsi 
yCTb 6fl, Cb peBOMi, noxoCHuiTb OTAajiOHHOMy rpoMy^ BupuBa- 
jiacb Kb caMOHy He6y i^'&iiafl 6ypA njiaMeHn h kouoth. Torxa, 
Ha HicROABEO MrHOBOBift, Bocb 8aB0Ai» pisRO H rposHO BUCTynaJTb 
Bsi HpaKa, a TicHuft p^A'^ Hepnuxi, Rpyrjuix'b RaynepoB'b 
Rasajicfl CamsHMH JiereHAapHaro jROJiisHaro saiCRa. Ophh eorco- 
Buxi ne^eft T^iHyorHCb A'^HHHmrb, iipaBHJibHUirB p^aoitb, HHorAa 
offkwb HB'b BHxi BApyrb BcnuxBBai'b H pasropajiCH, TO^mo orpoK- 
HSft RpacHuft Tjuzffb. djieRTpHHecRie orHH npHMimBBaJtn Rinyp- 
nypHOHy csiiy pacRaneHHaro jROJitsa CBoft roJiy6oBaTbift, M^rRift 
(SjsecRi... HecHOJiRaeMHft Ji^srb h rpoxorb aRejrlsa Heccji oiTyxa. , 
JIsi^o 5o<5poBa, ocBin^eHHoe 6jiecR0Mi saBOACRHxi orneft, 
Rasajiocb cypoBUHii. PascbinaBmlec? no Jt6y bojiocu h npoTH- 
Hyraa Bnepex^ xyxaa pylca npHAABara ero ^Hrypi hto-to 6h6- 
jiefiCRoe... H rooioci ero SByqaji'b nponsHTOJibHo h rposno... 

— BoTb offb,— MojOLOX'b, Tpe6yH)n^ift Tennoft nejiOBiqecRoft 

SpOBHy— RpH^aJIl BofipOB'b, HO HSIfinHfl CBOOft BAOXHOBeHHOft 

noau... noMHBTe, RaRi bi ero pacRaieHHoe 6pH)xo BBepraJiH 
A'lTeft, 2EceHn^iiFb h paSoBi, RorAa 6osecTBO Tpe6oBaJio nan^Hl 
BoTb, rJi^AHTe, RaRi oho pacRpumo cboh) HeHacuinyio nacTb.. 
npHHOCBTe eicy asepTBU, noRJioHJiftrecb bbi, 6jiaroAtTejiH * poAa 
^ejioB-l^ecRaro... 

— FocnoAHl jBja b4ab offb ManbJiR'b, — noAyMaoii AORTopi, y 
ROToparo no cbbhI saC^nuiH MypamRH, h ohi* npHHHJicfl ycno- 
RBBBaTb BoCpoBa. 

— Toj[y6^nKby AnApeft HjibHTb, a& ociaBbTe-se, Hoft MHjnift, 
Hy HTO sa oxoTa hsi sa rjiynocTeft pascTpaBBaibca. JIoacBiecb, 
Aa Ha-Te*Ra Baifb 6poMRy.— MaHbARi, coBepmeHHuft icaHbflR'b, — 
AyMajii OHi wb TO ace Bpeua, oxBa^eHHuft jRajiocTbio h cipaxoHi). 

BoCpoB'b cjia6o conpoTBBJiAJicA, oCescBJieHHuft TOJibRO ^to 
MBBOBaBmeft BcnumKoft. Ho^ RorAa ohi jnerb B'b nocTeJib, to 
BHesanHO paspasHJiCA HCTepsHecRHMH puA&BiflVE. H AOJiro aor- 
Top'b CBA'i^JU'b Bosji*! Hero, rjnaAfl ero no roJiOB*!, RaRi peOenRa, a 
roBopa OMy nepBua nonaBmi^CA, jiacROBUfl, ycnoROHTOJibHUH 
cjnoBa. 

YI. 

Ha Apyrofi a^hb cocTO^Jiacb TopsecTBeHnafl BCTpina BacHJiia 
TepeHTbeBHia KBamHEna na CTaeiiiiH HfiaHROBO. YjRe ri oabh- 
BaAUaTB ^acaiii Bce saBOACRoe ynpaBJieHie cbixajiocb TyAa. Ka- 

XeTCii, HHRTO Be HyBCTBOBaJTB Ce6i[ CnOROfiHblMIi. ^poRTopi— 



^ 1 26 PyCCKOB • BOrATCTBO. 

Ceprifi BajiepBHHOB0H:b mejiROBHHKOBi nHJrb CTaKaei sa cia- 

REHOlfb CeJIBiepCKyiO BOAY, nOMHHyTHO BUtaCKHBaJTb ^acH h, Ha 

ycniBi BsrJiAHyTB Ha uH^epGjiarB, Tonacb ace, MarnHHajTRHo, 
npaxaji'b RTb Bi RapMani. Tojibro 3to pasciflHHoe ffBHseme r 
BfiiAaBajio ero 6e3noRoftcTBO. Jlvmo Jice A^peRTopa— EpacHBoe, 
xojieHHoe, caMoyB']^p6HHpe jihi^o BUAepscaHnaro CB%TCRaro ^eoio- 
B^Ra, ocTaBajiocB nenosBHacHBEM'B. JlaniB BecBHa neMHorie snajni, 
"iTO niejiROBHHROBi TOJiBRo o^^Hi^iajiBHO , TaRi CRasaiB Ha 6y-* 

Mai^, TOCJIHJICA AHpeRTOpOMl nOCTpOflRH. BC^MH KbJlBXaiy B'b 

cyn^HocTH, Bopo^ajii ^pannyscRifl HEsceHep'b AHApea, nojiy-. 
nojiARX, noJuy-niBeA'B no HaivoHaJiBHQCTH, pojiH ROToparo npH 
saBOffi , HHRaR'b He mofjih noHHTB HenocBHHiieHHHe. Ka6HHeTii 060* 
Hxi A^pefRTopoBi 6hjih pacaojioaceHH phaoitb h coeAHneHH 
ABepBH). niejiROBaHROBi He cuiffb noJLOstamh pesoJooiJ^iH hh na 
OAHoft Ba»HOfl 6yMari, ne cnpaBpsmHCB cHa^ajia cb ycjiOBHuirB 
sflaROHi, CA^jiaHHUMi RapaHAainoM;B Tjijb HH6yAb na yroJiR^ crpa- 
HHii;ii pyROK) AHApea. B% dRCipeHHux'B se cjty^aax'B, hcrjuo- 

^aBmHZ'E B08M02CH0CTB COB^H^IHU, IIIeJIROBHHROBl npHHHHaJIl 

08a6o^eHHHfi bhai h roBopHjrb npocniejiio HeCpeacHuicB tohomi: 
— nsBHHHTe... HOJio^KHiejiBHO He vory yx^^TB bsmb hh 
MUnyTBi... saBaJieni no ropjio... ByABTe Ao6pH hs'bhchhtb same 
A^^o rocnoAHHy AnApea, a owb mb% hotoitb HSJioaRHTE ero 
OTA'i^JIBHOft sanHCROft. 

Saatyrn AnApea nepeA^b npaBJieHieiTB 6ujm HeHCwcjiHiiiL 
Hsi el'o roJiOBu ii'ljiHROM'b BumejirB reniajiBHO-MonieHHHHecRit 
npoeRrb passopenla nepBoft ROHnaniH npeAnpHHHHaTeJieft, h ero 
TRe TBepAafl, ho nespniiaa pyRa AOBOJia HHipHry ao ROHiia. Iilro 
npoeRTu, OTJiH^aBmieca HsyMHieJiBHOft npocToioft h crpoilHOCTbio, 

CHHTaSBCB BB TO :Re BpeMJI nOCJI'lAHHirB CJIOBOMl ropHOsaBOACRot 

flayRH. Ohb BJiaA^JH bc^hh OBponefiCRHUH ASURaMH h — p^ARoe 
HBJieHie cpeAH HHxenepoB'B — o6jiaAaJi'B, Rpoici CBoeft cneitiajiB- 

HOCTH, CaifBIMH pa8H006pa8HHMH SHaniflMH. 

Hso Bcte'B, co6paBniHXCA na CTaHx^iH, tojibro oahhb dion 
"lejiOB^Rii, CB ^axoTO^Hott ^Hrypoft h jiHi(oirb CTapoft o6e3BflHii, 
coxpaHflJiB CBOK) o6£nHyio HeBosMyTHMOCTB. Ohb npl'bxajTb nodAHie 
BC^XB H TenepB MOAJieHHO xoAHJTB BsaAit H BnepoAi* no njiaT- 
^opifi^, sacynyBB pyRH no jhorotb bb RapnaHu mnpoRHXB, 06- 

BHCmHXB 6pK)RB H HO^ReBUBafl CBOK) B'&HHyK) CHrapy. Ero CBi^T* 

jiue rjiasa, sa RoropuHH HyBCTBOBajica rjiy6oRifi ynB ynenaro h 
CesrpaHH^Haa bojih aBanTiopncTa, RaRB h BcerAa, nenoABHJKHO 
TJuix^jm H8B noA'B onyxmnxB ycTaaiHXB b'&rb. 

IIpIisAy, en famille, bc^xb SHnenoRB hhrto ho yAHBHJicfl. 
HxB no^eny-TO Bcb a^bho npEBURjiH cwTaiB neoTBOMJieMoft 
npmiaAJiejRHOCTBK) saBOACKOft :Rn8HH. fl^iBvirm BHearn cb co6(A 
BB Mpa'iHyio sajiy CTaniiiH, Tjsjb 6ujio h xojioaho, h cRyiHO, CBoe 
HaTAHyToe ojRHBJieHie h nenaiypaJiBHuft xoxotb. Hxb ORpysHJu 



MOJioxt. 127 

yTOMHBHiiecfl ffOJirEirb osBAaHieifB HH^eHepBi noicojioace, h j(I- 
BHmj, Tonaci se npsHABi o6uHHoe o6opoHHTejiBHoe nojio:KeMe^ 
cxajiH cunaTB HaJi^BO n Hanpaso mhjiumh, ho AasHO Bcim 
HacRy^HBniHMn naHBHocTJiMH. CpoAH CBOHXi cyeTHBtQHXca Aone- 
peft Anna A^aHacBOBHa, 6oJiBaiafl) HenoABHxcHaa orb Tyro-cxfl- 
Hyraro Kopceia, ex rpyABio, noAnHpaiontefi noA6opoAORi», iaasr 
jLdLCb BHymBTeJiBHOft HaciAKOft. 

BofipoBi — ycrajiuft, hohth 6oJiBHoft nocjrl Biepanmeft BcnuniRHy 
CHA'^JTB OAHHOKO BB yrjy CTaHi^ioHHoft aajnu h oiohb imoro 
RypujTB. KorAa Bumjio sl ci rpoHKHMi n^eSeraBbeMi pascfijiocb 
y Kpyrjiaro CTOJia ceueftcTBO SnEenoRX, AHApeft Rjoarb hchu- 
TajTb OAHOBpeiieHHO Asa Becbica cHyTHuxi nyBCiBa.. C'b oahoS 
CTopoHH eny CTaJio ctuaho sa fiesTaRTHuft, RaRi owb Ay^ani*, 
npiisA'B dToro ceMefiCTBa^ ciajio ctuaho acryHHMi>, yApy^iaioniiHirb 
ombidoMz aa dpytoto. Ci Apyroft ciopOHH, owb otfpaAOBajica, 
yBHA'&B'b HHHy, paspyMflHeHHyH) orb 6ucTpoft "isAU, cb B036y:K- 
AeHHbiMH, 6jiecT^n^EMH FJiasaMH, oneHb mhjuo OAiTyio h, RaR^ 
BcerAa bto 6uBa6rb, ropasAO RpacnB'le, n^irb ee pncoBaJio eiiy 
Boo6paaEceHie. B^ ero 6oJibHoft, HSJiOMaHHoft ji^mb BApyrb aa- 
srjiocb HecTepnHMoe jRejuanie Hi^eoft, 6jiaroyxaK)iiieft, aIbh- 
HecRoft jik)6bh, jRaiRAa npnBmHoft h ycnoROHieJibHOft jReHCRoft 

JiaCRH. 

Ohi> ncRaji'b cjiynaii hoaojIth ri Hbh%, ho OHa Bce BpeicH 
6usB, saHflTa'fioJiTOBHeft c^ AsyMH ropHUMn CTyAeHraHH, Roiopue 
HanepepuBi cTapajuHCb ee pascM^niHTb. H ona cicinjiacb, csep- 
Raji HejiRHMH, 6^^JiuicH 8y6aMH, 6oj!i'ie ROReiJiHBaa h BeceJiaa^ 
^Hi RorAa-JiH6o. OAnaRO ABa hjih Tpn pasa ona BCTp'iTHJiacb 
oasaicH crb Bo6poBHMi>, h eMy nonyAHJica B'b ea cjierRa npH-* 
noAHflTHX'b epoBJixi HOJi^aJiHBiiift, HO He Bpa3RAe6Hiift Bonpoci. 

Ha njnai^opMi pasAaJiCfl npoAOJjRHXejibHfiift bbohori, bosb^- 
ntaBmifi otxoa'b no'isAa Cb 6jni:Rafimeft CTani^iH. MejRAy HHse- 
HepaMH npoHsomjio CMaieHie. AnApeft HjibHH'b Ha6jii0AaJi'b HS'b 
CBoero yrjia, Cb nacuiniRoft na ry6axi, RaRi OAHa n la xe 
rpycjiHBafl wucsh MiHOBeHHO OBJU^ci^a 3thmh ABaAAaTbio CJiHin- 
ROiTb HejioB'iRaMB, RaRi HX'b jiHi^a BApyrb ciaJiH cepbeaHbiim h 
08a6oHeHHHMH, pyRH HeBOJibHuifb, 6UCTPNIMI ABHjRenieMi npo- 
mjiflCb no nyrOBHi](airb ciopTyROBi, no rajiciyxairb h ^ypaacRairb, 
rjiasa o6paTHJiHCb bi cTopony sbohrb. CRopo bi sajiib hhrofo 
He ociajnocb. 

AHApeft HjubBHi BumejTb na njiai^opicy. BapumHH, horh- 

HyXUfl SaHHlfaBIHHHH HX'b MyHIBHaiiH, 6e3n0M0n^H0 TOJIHBJIBCb 

OROJio ABepefl, BORpyrB Ahhu A^anacbeBHu. Hnna o6epHyjiacb 
Ha npBcrajibHuft, ynopHuft BsrjiflA'k Bo6poBa b, to^o yraAUBan 
ero ^eJianie noroBopBTb ci3 ueio naeABH'b, nonijra eMy HaBCipiiy. 
— SApaBCTByftie. %o bh laKoft OjAahhS ceroAHa? Bh 
6ojibHbi?— cnpocBJia ona, Rp-inRO b h^kho no^cHMaa ero pyRy b 



128 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

sarjDiAUBaH eny bi> rjiasa cepBesHO h jiacROBO. — IIoHeMy bu 
BHepa TaKi pano yixajiH h jaxe He xot&ih npocTHXBca? Paa- 
•cepj^HJiHCB sa wo HH6yi^B? 

— H ja, H H^TX, — OTBiTHJTB Bo6poBi, yjiHOaflCB. Hin— 
nOTOBiy 'iTO 3, B^AB, He HBiiK) HHKaKoro npaBa cepAHTBCH. 

— UonOXHH'b, BCHKlft HeJIOB%K'B HM'^eTB HpaBO CepAHTBCH. 

OcoCeHHO, ecjiH obtb 3HaeTi>, wo ero MHiHieM'B aopoaaxB. A 
noHBMy ace ^a? 

— IloTOMy qio... BBAHie-jiH, Hnna FpHropBeBHa, — cRasaJii 
Bo6poBi, noqyBCTBOBaB'B BHesanHsift npHjras^ ch%jiocth. Bqepa, 
Ror^a MU cb BaHH cha'^^jih na CaJiRoai, — noMHHTe?— Ji^ fijiaroAapa 
Bam, nepe^KHjn* h^rojibro HyAHfiixi HrHOBemfi. VL a noEHJH^, 
HTO Bu, ecjiH 6u saxorijin, to mofjih 6bi c^i^aTB MeHfl camiMi 

t^iaCT^BBUMl leJIOBiROlfB BX Hipi... AX'B, A^^ 1T0 Se a 60K)CB 

H iceAJiH)! B'Iab bu ne iiorjui ee AoraAaiBCfl, Bijif, bh a&bho 
BHaeTe, wo a... 

Ohi> He AoroBopHju'B... HaxjiBiHyBinaH na nero cifljiocTB BApyri 
HC^esJia. 

— ^To BH... wo TaRoe? — nepecnpocHJia HHHa Cb npniBop- 
HUMi paBHOAymieMX, oAnaRO BHesanno, npoTHB^ en bojie, 3a- 
ApoacaBmHifB roJiocoM'B h onycRan rjiasa bi sesuiK). Ona acAaJia 
npBBHaHifl Bi jiio6bh, ROTopoe BcerAa tbri chjibho h npi^iHO 
BOJiHyeTi MOJiOAUX'B AtsymeRi, Bce pasHO, OTBiiaexB jih hx'b 
cepAAe B3aHifH0CTBK) Ha bto DpHBHame, hjih nirB. Ea n^eRH 
cjierRa no6jiiAHtjiB. 

— He lenepB... hotobtb RorAa-HHCyAB,— saiMJica BoCpoBX... 
KoFAa HB6yAB, npH Apyrofi o6cTaHOBRi a bbhi bto CRaxy... 
PaAH Bora, ne lenepB,— AofiaBHJii ohb yMOMion^e. 

— Hy, xopomo. BceiaRH, no^OMy-ace bh pascepAHjracB-TO? 

— IIoTOMy njo nocjrk bthxt* HicROJTBRHxi MBHyiB a bo- 
mejvb BT> cTOJioByK), bb caMOM-B,— ny RaRi 6h bto CRasaiB,— 
Vh canroifB pacTporaHHOifB cocTOflHiH... H RorAa a BomeJiB... 

— To Baci HenpiflTHO nopasHJi'B pasroBopi o AOxoAaxi 
EBamHHHa?— AoraAajiacB HHHa, cb loft BnesanHoft, hhcthhrthb- 
Hoft npoHiiii;aTeJiBHocTBK), ROTopan HHorAa ocrbHHerB jifix,e caiuixi 
HeABJieRHX'B acenn^HH'B. — ^a? fl yraAaJia? — Ona noBepnyjiacB K'b 
HeMy H onaTB o6Aajiia ero raryfiORHifB, JiacRaiontHirB Bsopoicx.— 
Hy, roBopme oiRpoBeHHo. Bki HHnero ne aomchh cRpHBaiB otb 
CBoero Apyra. 

KoFAa TO, uiamdL TpH HJrn neTBipe Tony nasaA'B, bo BpeMH 
RaTaHBA HO plRi 6ojiBniHtfi o6n^ecTBOMi, HnHa, B036y»CAeHHafl 
H pasHtxeHHaa RpacoTOft Tenjiofl, AyniHCTOft, JiyHHoft hoot, npeA- 
JioxHJiia BoCpoBy cbok) Apy^RSy na b^rh Bi^HHe. Ohx hphhajtb 
BTorb BBisoBi o^eHB cepBesHO H, BnpoAOJixeuie i^'ljioft nefijkJUHj 
Hasusaji'B ee cbohhi ApyroiTB, TBRSce, kbri h ona ero. H, RorAa 
ona roBopBJia eiiy co cBOHifB o6uhhum'b, tohhbimi bhaohb: €mou 



Hojozi. 129 

;q9yrb>, to aro osho KopoieHBRoe uicTomABle saciaBJUJio ero 
cepwe 6HTBCJi Kp'InKO h cJiaARO. TenepB owb BcnoMHHJTB aiy 
myiKj H OTB^iajn^ co bsaoxomi: 

— Xoporao, <Moft spyrb>, a Bam 6y;iy roBopHTB npaB^y, 
xora ueA dTO HeMHoro rnoiejio. IIo OTHomeHlio Kb Baic:b a BiHHO 
saxoxycB Brb Kanoft-TO MyiHTejn»Hoft ABoflCTBenHOCTH. EHBaion 
HHHyra B% HaiDHxi pasroBopaxiy RoiAa bh oahhitb cjioBoin», 

OAHHITB SeCTOlTb, OAHHlCb BSIJIflAQirb A&S6 BApyrB CA:IJiaeT6 MOHH 
taKHlTB CiaCTJIHBHMl... Axi, paSB^ U03RE0 TBISIA On^n^BHia CJQLO- 

BauH nepeAaiB... CRaacHTe tojibko, saHiiaJOi bh aio? 

— San^qaJia,— OTOSBaJnacB oHa hohth monoToin e hhbro, 
di JiyRaBoft ApoacBK) vb picHHAax'B onycTHJia rjiasa. 

— A noTOKi... noTOiTB, BApyrB, TOinacB xe, na mohxi 
rjiasaxi bu npoBpamiajiHCB bi npoBHHiiIajiiBHyH) RnceftHyia 6a* 
puniHio, ch mafijuoHHUicB o6hxoaom'b ^pasi h cb RaROio-To sa- 
y^eHHOft MaHepHOCTBK) bo bc%xi» nocTynRaxi... He cepAHxecB^a 

MOHfl Sa OTRpOBeHHOCTB... ECJIH 6ll dHO HO MyUJIO MOHfl TaR% 

cipamHo, a ne fobophjtb 6U... 

— fl H dTO Tose sairlTHJia... 

— Hy, BOTB BHAHTO... fl B^AB BCCFAa 6KrjrB yBipeffB, woy 
BacB OTSiiBHHBaa, nisHaa h ^yTKaa aj^^- Ottofo xe bu ho 
xoTHTe BcerAa 6utb TaROfl, RaRi TenepB? 

Ona onaTB noBepeyjiacB ri Bo6poBy e jsfisae cx&najia pyRoft 
TaRoe ABHxeHie, RaR% 6yAT0 6u xoT^a npHROCHyTBca Kb ero 
pyR*!. Ohh b% dTO BpeMa xoahjue BsaA^ h BnepoA^B no cbo6oa- 
HOiiy^ROHAy njiax^opMU. 

— Bbt He xoT^^ HHRorAa icena nonaTB, AnApeft HjuBniiy— 
CRasaJia ona ci ynpeROM^. Bama oniH6Ra wb toicb, hto bu Mena 
nocTaBEJiH na nBeAecTani* h TpeGyeTe^ HTo6Br a ci nero HHRorAa 
He cxoAHJia. Bu nepsnu h HeTepn&raBU. Bu npeyBejraHHBaexe 
Bce, HTO BO URi ecTB xopomaro, ho sa to ho npon^aeTe hh% 
Toro, 1T0 a He icory se 6utb HHoft, b% toA cpeA'^, ta^ a SHBy. 
3x0 6ujio 6u CM'IniHO, sto bhocjio 6u bi namy combk) necorjia- 
cle. fl cJEnimROicB cjia6a h, naAO npaBAy CRasaTB, cjniniKOirB 
RHcefinaa fiapumna a^ 6opB6u h ^la caicocxoaTejiBHocTH... fl 
HAy TyAa, RyAa HAyxB bc4, rjiaxy na Be^^H h cyxy o ehxi, 
RaRi Bci... H BU ne AynaflTe, hto6u a ne cosHasajia CBoeft 
RHcefiHOCTH... Ho a Cb APyrHMH He ^yBCTByio ea Ta^Recxn, a cb 
BaifH a CTanoBJiiocB hjhh cJiHmROH'B pasBasnoft, hjih cjiHmRoirB 
cnpoBHHi^IajiBHOft H jReMaHHoft>. Ci BaMH a BcaRyfo iflpy TepaK), 
noTOMy HTO— — ona sannyaacB— Hy, as^ Bce paBHo... noTOMy hto 
BU coBciiTB Apyroft, noTOMy ito TaRoro, RaRi> bu, leJioB^Ka a 
HHRorAa en^e bi jkhshh ho BCTpiiaJia. H bu oahhi, ecjin 6u 
saxoT^jiH, MorjiH 6u BupsaTB Mena hsi Moero OAineHema... 

Efi RasajiocB, ito ona roBopnrB HCRpenno. BoApa^aa cb%- 
secTB oceHHaro BOSAyxa, BORsajiBBaa cyeTa, cosHanie CBoeft Rpa- 

M 18. Orxin I. 9 



130 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

coTu, yAOBOjn>CTBie ^ecTBOBaxB Ha ce6i sjiiotfjieHHuft bsfjuhai^ 
Bo6poBa#-Bce 8to HaajieKipHsoBaiio ee flo Toro cocToaHia, wb 
ROTopoH^ ncTepH«iHHa HaTypu jiryrB raRi BAOXHoseHHO, Tani 
njrlHHxejibHo h TaKi HesaHiiHo a^h caHsxi ce6H. Ob nacjajR- 
AeHieui JiK)6yacB co6oft bx HOBoft pojiH jx^btshu, ^as^yii^^ft 
HHieJuinreHTHoft nojmepxRH, ona qyBCTBOBaJia noTpeCnocTB roBO- 
pHTB BoCpoBy npiaiHoe. 

— a sHaio, wo BU Mena CTuraeTe ROReiROft.,. IIoaLaiiyftcTa, 
He onpaBABiBaftTecB... H a corjnacna, a a^k) noBOA'B.TaRi A7~ 
MaTB... HanpHM^pi), a cm%k)CB h Gojrraio "lacTO Cb MnJUiepoM^. 
Ho ecjin6u bu snajra, ks^kl imi npoTHBeni stotb Bep6Hfiift 
xepyBHifti! Hjih diH ABa CTyAeHia... KpacHBuft My^R^HHa yse 
noTOMy OAHOMy Henpiaieni, wo b^iho co6oft aK)6yeTca... IIo- 
B^pHTe-JiH, xoxa 8T0 MOserB 6bitb h cipaHHo, ho vwb BcerAa 6ujih 
oco6eHHo CHMnaxHnHBi HORpacHBiie MyHHHHU. 

npH axoft HaHBHoft TBpaA'6, npoHSHecoHHoft cavfiiKx ni^s- 
HuiTB TOHOMB, BoCpoBii rpycTHO BSAOXHyjii. yBuI Obi> jshg ne 
pasi HST* jKeflCRHX'B ycTx cjiHniaJii 3to xecTORoe yTimenie, vb 

ROTOpOMl SeHH^HHU HHROFAa He OTRaSBTBaiOX'B CBOHHl HeRpaCH- 
BUITB nORJIOHHHRaMI>. 

— 3HaHHxi», H a Mory naAiaxBca sacJiyanxB RorAa-snCyAB 
Bamy CHMnaxiio? — cnpocHJTB oht* rayxjiuBHMx xohomi, bi roxo- 
poMx, oAHaRO, aBCXBeHHO npo3By«iajia ropoHB nacMi^niRH naA'B 
cajtmiTB codoft. 

Hnna 6ucxpo cnoxBaxHJiacB. 

— Hy BOxi», RaRoft bu npaBO... Ob Baira neoiBsa pas^na- 
pHBaxB^.. SaHiM'B bbi HanpainHBaexecB na ROHHJiHMeHXu, mhjio- 
cxHBBift rocyAapB? Cxuaho. 

Ona cana HeifHoro CROH^ysnjiacB CBoeft neJioBRocxH h, hxo6u 
nepoH^HnxB pasroBop'B, cnpocHJia cb HrpHBoft noBeJiExearBHOCXBio: 

— Hy-ci, Hxo ae bh axo coSHpajiHCB mh4 CRasaxB npH Apy- 
roft o6cxaHOBRi? HsBOJiBxe HOMeAJieHHO oxBinaxBl 

— a He BHaio.., He homhio, — saMajica pacxojioaeHHHft 
Bo6poBi. 

— SL BaiTB HanoMHK), iioft CRpBrxHHft Apyi^- Bh naiajra ro- 
BopnxB B^epamHeBTB ah'^, hoxohi o RaRHXi-xo npoRpacHBixi 
MTHOBeniax'B, hoxoitb cRasajiH, hxo a, naBipno, awho yse sa- 
M^XHJia... ho wo? Bh dxoro ne aorohhhjih... HsBOJiBxe jRe roBO- 
pHiB lenepB^ JI xpeCyio axoro, cjoinmxef^. ? 

Ona TJiHjsikudi. na Hero rjiasaifH, bt> Roxopuxi dajia yjni6Ra 
H jiyRaBaa, h o6'ln^aH)n;aa, h HisHaa bi oahoh xo se BpeMa.^. 
CepAi^e BoCpoBa CJiaARO saMnpajio bx rpyAH, h ohx no^yBCiBO- 
Bajn^ onaxB hphjibbi* npemHeft oxBara. cOna sHaexi), ona cava 
xo^exB, wo6h a roBopHJi'B>, — noAyMajTB ohx, co6HpaaCB ci> 
;^oirB. 

OhH OCXaHOBHJIHCB Ha CaMOMl RpaK) HJiaX^OpMU, TKb COBCiWb 



KOJIOX'B. 13t 

UQ 6hiJio nytfjiHBH. 06a Cujih ESBOJiHOBaHU. HflHa sj^a OTB-lTa, 
BacJiaHA&flCb ocxpoToft saTi^HHHoft eio Hrpu, BoSpoa-B HCRajrb 

<JLOB%j TJiSdJIO AHinaJTb H BOJIBOBaJICfl. Ho B-b 9Tp BpeUH HOCJIfil- 

manBCB pisicie SByRo CHrnajiBHUxi poacKOBi., h Ha craHAie noA* 
HfljiacB cyMaroxa. 

— TaKi» MNfflHTe ae... fl affy, — raenHyjua HnHa, 6HCTpo 
OTXOAa orb Bo6poBa... — It^jm Mena aro ropasAO BasHie, ^m 
BU AyMaeie... 

Hai-sa noBopoxa sejiisBoft Aopora BfiiCROHHJTB, oRyTaHHuft 
HepHHjn> A^MoiTb, KypbepcRift noisAi. ?epe3i sj^CROJibRO MEtHyi'b, 
rpoMuxaa Ha CTpiJiRaxi, owh nJtaBHO h 6u[CTpo saiceAJiHJiii xoai» 
H ocTanoBRJica y njiaTij^opMu... Bb caiioM^ rohi^ ero 6hijn> nps- 
i^njdeH'b AJiHHHUfi, 6jiecTan](ift cs'laceft ORpacRoft, cjiyjRe6HMft Ba- 
roffb, Ri ROTopoMy ycipeMHJiHCb Bci Bcipi^aiomle. KoHAyRiopa 
no^TBTejDLbHo 6pocHjmcb pacRpuBaTb ABepb Barona; hsi Hea tot- 
Hacb se BucRO<iHJia, cb mjuowb pasBepTHBaacb, CRJiaAHaa JitcT- 
Hni](a. HanaJibHHR'b cj^mxlsLy RpacHuft orb BOJineHiH n 6iroTHa, 
c^ nepenyraHHuiTb jibi^omx, ToponHorb pa6oHHX'b Cb OTiriaROio 
CJty»e6Haro Barona. RBaniHHH^ 6hun> oAHHirb hsi rjiaBHUxi aR- 
AlonepoBi N-CROft sejrbanoft Aoponi h ^sahjei no en BiiBairb 
Cb noHeroM-b, RaRoro ne BcerAa yAOCiOHBajiHCb nyremecTByiomie 

HHOCTpailHlie npHHAU RpOBH. 

B% BaroHx BomjiH lOJibRO DlejiROBHHROB'b, AHApea n ABoe 
BJiijiTejibHiix'b HHxeHepoBx-6eJibrlfiiteB'b. EBamHHH'b cnA^jrb bi 
Kpecjri, pascTaBBBi cboh ROJioccajibHBiH Honi h buqathb^ bdo- » 
peAi ^HBOTb. Ha newb 6HJia Rpyrjian ^eTpoBaa nui^na, es'b noAi 
KOTopofi cifljis orneHHue bojiocu; 6pBToe, RaRi y aRTepa, jthi](o 
Cb ofiBBcniHEH iqeRaEH h xpoftHfiiicb noA^opoAROirb, Hcnen^peH- 
Hoe RpyQHUMH BecHymRaMH} Rasajiocb sacnaHHuirb h HOAOBOJib- 
HuiTb; ry6u CRJiaAbrBajiHCb bi> npespHieJibHyH), RHCJiyK) rpnMacy. 

IIpH hnjiik HHaceHepoB'b, owb Cb ycHJiieifb npHnoAHHJicfl. 

— SApaBCTByflie, rocnoAa,— CRasajii oni xhphbim^ Cacoirb, 
npoTHrHBafl Hirb noonepeAHO, m^ noHTHxejibHux'b npHROCHOBe- 
Hifl, CBOH) orpoMHyK), nyxjujK) pyRy... — Hy-cb, Ra^b y Baci na 
sbboaI? 

IIIejiKOBHHROB'b Ha^iajTb AORJiaABiBaxb asBiROiTb cjo[yse6Hoft 6y- 
MarH. Ha saBOA'b Bce 6JiaronoJiyHHO. SC^yxi xojibro npi'bsAa 6a- 
chjiIh TepenxbeBBia, Hxo6bi b^ ero npncyxcxBiH nycxaxb aombh- 
HyK) neHb h CA^Jiaxb saRJiaARy hobuxi sAaeift... Pa6oile h na- 
cxepa HaHHXu no xoponiHici a%HaMi. HaojuiBii saRasoBi xaRi 
BejiHRT), Hxo no6yjKAaerb RaR-b mosho CRop'i^e npncxynnxb ri 
paGoxaMx. 

RBaniHHHi cjiymajn, oxBopoxHCb Jini^oirb ri ORny, h pas- 
ci^HHo pasrJi^AiiiBajrb co6paBinyK)CAfy cjiyxeCnaro Barona xojiny. 
JIhi^o ero nniero ne BBipaatajio, KpoMi CpearjiHBaro yxoMJieeia. 

BApyrb 0Hi> npepBajTb AHP^R^opa neoxHAaHHEiirb Bonpocom. 

9* 



132 PyCGKOE BOrATCTBO. 

— Eh bien, dites-moi, qui est cette jeune personne? 

nieJIIKOBHHKOBl QBJ^JLHEJJTb Bl OKHO. 

— Gelle-Ia, qui a an oiseaa jaane sur son cbapeau... une jolie^ 
brune. 

— C'est la fille d'nn de nos employes, m-elle Shhohko. 

meJUKOBHHKOBl OpOAOJURaJIli CBOfl AOKJUW^, HO SBaniHHHS 

onaTB nepefiHJTb ero. 

— %3nHeHR0... SHHeHEO... — npoT^Hyji^b owb saftyMHEBO h ne^ 

OipfilBaflCB OTb OKHa. — SHHeHKO... EIO JReTaROftdTOnSHHeHKO?.. 

Tfiib a diy ^auHJiiK) cjmmajrB, SRHeHSO? 

— Oro y naci saBiflyerb ciuiftAOicb, — 061^^0111 UleJiKOB- 

HEEOB'B. 

— Ax3», BcnoMHHaii»! — floraflajica Bgpjrb Bacsjoft TepemBe- 
BBHi, vsb Hem B'b IIeTep6ypri roBopiuDi... Hy-ci, npoftOJi- 
jKafiie, nojRaJiyftcTa. 

HHHa 6e8omH6oiHUHi» seHCRHmHyxbeMinoHflJDLa, HTOHiceHHo 
Ha nee CMorpnrb SBamHHH'B h nefl roBopnrb b^l HacroflnQrK) 
MHHyiy. Ona neimoro OTBepayjiacBy ho sasfi ea^ paspyHHHHB- 
meecH on KOKerjniBaro yAOBOJiBCTBiJi, BceraRH 6&uio, co bc^ioi 

CBOHMH XOpOmeHBKHMH pOAHHKailH, BH^HO BaCHJiIlO TepeHTBeBHHy. 

HaEOHei(B AOKJiaAib OROHiHJiCH, E KBamsHH'B BHmejrbHanJiio* 
nii^Ry, ycTpoeHHyH) b% BHA^npoCTopHarocreiuiAHHaronaBHJiBOHa 
csaAH BaroHa. 

dio 6ujii'B HOMeHTB, jiflu ysiROB'lqeHiji KOioparo, KaRi noAy- 
Ha^i Bo6poBiy He xsaiajio tojibko xopomaro ^Torpa^eqecRaro 
amiapaia. RBamHHHi noHeny-ro MeAJUurs cxojpiTBBHHaBHCTOflJii 
aa cieRjiflHHoft CTinoft, ^osBumaacB CBoeft MaccHBHoft <|»nrypoft 
HaAi TbcERmetca orojio Barona rpynnoft, ci nrapoRO-pascTaB- 
jieHHUMH HoraMH H 6pe8raiHBoft imHoft na jrancb, noxosdft na 
anoHCRaro SAOJua rpydofl pa6oTH. dia nenoABHSHocTB naTpona 
OHeBHAHO Ropo6HJia BCTp'lHaioniHX'B: na nxi ry6axi> saciuJrH, 
cicopn^HB'b Hxi, sapanie npnroTOBJieHHUfl yjai6RH, nesAy vkwb^ 
RaRB rjiasa, ycTpeiaenHHe BBepxi, CMOxp'ljm na EBamnHHa cb 
noAo6ocTpacTieirB, nonm cb HcnyroMi. IIo ciopoHaifB ABepi^ 

SaCTBTJin BB COJIAd'TCRHX'B HOSaX'B MOJIOAI](OBaTBie ROHAyRTopa. B'B 

dToft RapTHH^ 6UJII0 Bce: n A^^opyifB, h jRHBonHcnocTB, h sHaHH- 
TOJiBHoe coAepjRHHle. SarJiflHyB'B cJiynafiHO wb Jianp onepeAHBmeft 
ero Hhhu, Bo6poB^ cb rope^BK) sauiiHJi'B h Bieji jmuji lyoRe 
yjiiK6Ry H TOTB sue TpeB02ECHfii& CTpaxi AHRapH) BSHpaion^aro na 
CBoero HAOJia. 

— HeysejiH bto oaho tojibro fiesRopucTHoe, nowHiejiBHoe 
HsyifJieHie nepeA'B TpeMJi-CTaiCH TUca^aMH roAOBoro aoxoaa?— no- 
Aynajii AHApeft Hjibhtb.— %o jro saCTaBJuieT'B bc^xb dTHXB joo- 
Aefl TaRi ynnxeHHO bbjihtb x^octoitb nepeA'B qejiOB-lRoirB; roto- 
pHft ffijELQ H He BsrjiflHerB na hhxb HHRorAa bhhm aT « 



KoxorB. 138 

zgich ecTB KaROfi HH6yAB, HexocTynauft anasHsy, ncHiOHora^e- 

CRift SaKOBTB? 

IIocTOflBi HeiiHoro, RBaniHHH'B piniHJiCH ABHHyTBCH H, npe;^- 
fliecTByeiuifi CBoein» acHBOTOBCB, noAffepacHBaemift no^THTeJibHo 
iLOKh pyRa npHCJiyroft, cnyciHJiCH no ciynesHirb aa njiaT^opuy. 

Ha Q0?THTejiBHBi6 HORJUOHU 6EicTpo pascTyiiHBineftcH nepoA^ 
HHirb BnpaBO h bji^bo TOJiau, oh^ neCpeacHO RHBHyjii rojiOBoft/ 
BHUflTHBi BnepeA> xojiCTyK) HaacHioio ry6y, h CRasajii raycaBo: 

— ^ocnoAa, bu cBo6ojiaii ao saBTpamaAro ahh. 

He AoftAii AO noA^'&SAa, obi> saaROiTB noAOSBaJTB Kb ce6i ah- 
peRTopa. 

— TaRi BH, CepriftBaj[epBflaoBBTb,npeACTaBBTe Hai erOy— 
CKasaJTB OBTB Bnojirojoroca. 

— 3HBeBRy?— AoraAaJiCfi ElejiROBaaROB'B. 

— Hy, Aa. ToJiBRo ae sa^cb, ae 3a4cb,— ocijiaoBajTBoai sa 
pyRaa^ ycrpeuHBrnarocfl fiujio ' AHpeRTopa. — RorAa a 6yAy aa 
«aBOA%. 

vn. 

SaRJiaARa RaHeaaux'B pa5orB a OTRpinie RaMaaaia aoaoft 
j^ouau apoBsonuia nepesi ^eiupe aha aocjii apiisAa RBam- 
aaaa. HpeAnojiarajiocB oxapasAaoBaTB o6a dta coCeitIh cb bos- 
Mosao 6ojiBmeft aoMaoft, aoieify aa codAHie MeiajiJiypraHecRie 
^aaoAH, KpyioropcRiS, BopoaaaCRift, JiBBOBCRift, 6&ijib sapaaie 
pasocJiaBBi aeHaTBHB aparjiameBia. 

BcjiiA^ 3a BacBJiieiTB TepeaTBeBaqeicB asi Hexepdypra apa- 
-Chjeo ea^e ABoe ^Jieaoei apaBJueaifl, ^exBepo 6ejiBriftCRax'B aase- 
sepoBi a aicROJiBRO RpyaafiIX^ aRi^ioaepoa-B. MesAy saBOACRBiia 
cjiyxaa^aiia aocHJiacB cjiyxa, 6yAT0 6hL apaBJieale accaraoBaJio 
aa ycipoftCTBO napaAHaro o6i^Aa orojio AByxii tuchi'b- py6jieft, 
OABaRO dia cJiyxB aoRa bb^itb ea^e ae oapaBAajiacB, b Bcasa- 
RyaRa bbbx b apaaacoBi Jierjia T^acejioft AaaBio aa boapha- 

^BROBl. 

AeaB BUAajiCfl otobb yAaiaufi a^ lopacecTBa, oabbi bsi rbx'h 
;ipRBXi, cxpycTajiBBiiX'B> ahsS paaaefl oceaa, RorAa a66o Raacerca 

TaRBMl ryCTUITB, CBBBICB B TJiyfiORBMl*, a BpoxJuaABuft BOSAyxi 

aaxBerB tobrbbtb, RpiaRBirB bbbomi. RBaApaiafiiH aim, Bupu- 
TBia noAi* ^yaAaicean a^ boboA BosAyxoAyBBoft naaiBaBi a 6ec- 
ceaepoBOft B6hb, 6ujib OKpyseaBi bi bba^ <aoROfl» rycToS toji- 
BOH) pa6oHflxi. Bi) cepeABffi aioft siBBoft orpaAKr, aaAi caauicB 
RpaeMi BMU, BOSBfiimajica apocroft, BeRpanieaauft ctojtb, aoRpfii- 
THft 6isioA cRaiepTBH), aa ROTopoirB Jieacajia Rpecn a EBaarejae, 
paAom c^ secTHBOfl namefi a^iih CBaroft boa^i h RpoaajioirB. 
GBan^eBBBR'B, yse oGjia^eaaHft b'b sejieayio, saxRaaayiO sojioxuini 
BpecxaicB pBsy, cxoajTB b% cxopoa*!, aaepeAa aaxaaAAaxa pa6o- 



134 PyCCKOE BOPATCTBO. 

HEXl, BilSSaBmBXC^ 6ldTB niBHHMH. OTRpHTyiO CTOpOHJ €nOROfl» 

saHBMajin EH^eHepsr, doap^ahbeh, cxapmie a^chtbekb, KOHiop- 
n^HRH-— necTpaji, oscHBJueHHafl rpynna nax AByxcorb cjiBmRoici^ 

"leJIOB^R'B. Ha HaCHBH nOH'ICTBJICfl ^OTOrpa^y ROTOpuft, HaRpUB'L 

HepnuMii njiaTRoifB n ce6a, h CBoft annaparb, a&bho y«e bosbjsch, 
OTUCRBBaH yAaHHyio TOHRy. 

^epe8i» AecaiB inmyrB KBamnHHi 6ucTpo noARaTHJn r'b bjio- 
lE^aAR'i^ Ha Tpo&R^ BejuHROJi'lnHux'L cipuxi JiomaAefl. Ohi cba&i'b 

Wb ROJIflCR*! OAHHl, nOTOMy HTO, BpH BCeiTB JReJiaHJH, QBRTO He 

CMOFB 6£i noiiicTHTBCH piiAOiTB Cb HHici. Gji^aomx' sa KBamBH- 
Huirb noA'Bixajro en^e hhtb hjih mecTb dRHnaacefl. yBHA^Bi Ba- 
CHJdA TepeHTBeBHHa, pa6oHie HHCTHHRTOifB ysnajiH bi newb, €Ha- 
6oJif>maro> h TOTqaci sue, RaRi oahhi* HejioB^R'B, nocHHMajiH $y- 
pa^RRH. KBamHHH'B B6JiHHecTBeHH0 npomejii BnepoA'B h KHBHyjn*^ 

rOJUOBOfi CBAHieHHHRy. 

— EjiarocJiOBeH'B Bofb Ham%, BcerAa^ hkh*!, h npHCHO, h bo 
B^RH B^ROB'B, pasAajiCH cpcAH fiucTpo HacTyiiHBmefl THmHHU, npo- 

'SBy^aBi RaRi 6yAT0 6u hsi rjiy6HHH somjih^ ApefiesaRan^ifl ro- 

JEOCB CBAH^eHHHRa. • . 

— AmHHB, — nOAXBaTHJH aobojibho CTpoflHOHMnpOBHSHpOBan- 

BaHHHft xop-B. PaCoHie — hxi 6hjio ao ipex^ thc^ii> neJiOBiRi — 
laR^e ApyscHO, RaR'B RJiaH^jiHCB KBaniHBHyy nepeRpecTHJincL niH- 

PORHMH RpeCiaHH, CRJIOHHJm TOJIOBN H nOTOMl, DOAHABl HX'B, BCTp^X- 
HyJIH BOJIOCaHH... Bo6pOB^ CTaJI^ HeBOJIBHO npHCMaTpHBaiBCH R'B 

HHH'B. BnepeAH ctohjih AByn^ pHAaMH crenenHKe pycaKH-RaneH- 

n^HRH, BC% AO OAHOrO B^ CiJIKXl ^apiyRaXl, HOHTH BCi CO JIBHa- 
HUHH BOJIOCaifH H pU»^HMH 6opOAaMH; CSaAH HHXl— JIBTefln^RH 

H tcysHeiw BT> nrnpoRHXi, TeMEBixi 6jiy8ax'B, nepeH^TBixi orB 

^paHIQTSCRHX'B H anrJlifiCRHX'B pa60HHX'B, CB JIHAaMH, HBROFAa HO 
OTHBIBaeMUMH OTB JKeJI^SHOft ROHOTH, — UCJRAy HHMH BHAHijIHCB 

H rop6opocBie npo^Hjm HHOBeHHuxi ynpiepoBi; csaAH, Hsi-sa 
jiHTefiH^HROB'B, BUTJUijifiiBBjm pa6oHie npn hsboctrobbixi ne^axx, 

ROTOpUXl H3AaJIH MOJKHO 6UJII0 ySHaiB no JOaSfiM'b^ TOHHO 06CBI- 

naHHHifB rycTO MyROio, h BocnaJieHHun, pacnyxmHirB, Rpao 
HuiTB rjiasaBTB... 

KaacA^ft pas^, RorAa xopi rpoMRO h cipoftHO, xora h^crojibro 
Bx HOCB, nijTB: <CnacH orb 6iKh,]^BJ6u tboh, BoropoAHiie>, Bci 

dTH TpH TBICfl^H qOJIOB'lR'B Cb RaRHM^TO THXHITB meJieCTOJCB TBO- ' 

pHJiH CBOH ycepAHUH RpecTHUH SHaMeHia H RJiajiH HHSRie no- 
RjnoHU. Hto-to CTHxiflHoe, Morynee h, bi to se BpoMfl, ^to-to 
A:lTCRoe H TporaTeJiBHoe no^yAHJiocB Bo^poBy wb aioS o6n](eft 
KOJiHTB*! cipoft, orpoMHoft jcaccbi. SaBTpa Bcb pa6oiie npHMyiCH 
sa CBOft M«Rift, ynopHBift, nojiycyTOHHHft ipyA^. XIoneMi 3HaTb: 
ROKy H3i HHX'B yso HpoAHaHepTaHo cyAB6oH) cJLOxaib Ha dioirB 
TpyA* CyftnyK) roJioBy: copBaTBca ci bhcorhxx ji^cobi, ona^ 
jiHTBCfl pacnjiaBJieHHUM'B MeianAOMi, 6htb sacHnaHHHMi n^efiHeirb. ' 



Koxoxb. 135 

BJiH RHpnHieirb? He o6i dioirb-JiH HenpeoiomHOirB p'^meniH cjjt,h6u 
j^aion OHH xenepBy OTBiniHBaa Hstside noRJiOBu h BcrpflXHsafl 
pycuMn KyspflMH, bi> to speHfl, Korfta xopi npocHxi BoropoAH- 
iQ^ — cnacTH OTi* 6iKb paOu cboa... H na Roro^ RaRi ne na oahj 

TOJIBRO EoropOABIiy, EaA'^ATBC^ dXElTb 60JIbmHMl A'^TflM'b, ci> My- 
SeCTBeHHHMH H npOCTHMH CepffiaMH, dTHMI) ClIHpeHHUMB BOH- 

HaiiB, ejReAHeBHO BuxoAHiqnin> nsi cbohxi npoMosrjiux'B, Ha- 
ciyaceHHHXB seMJi^HORB Ha npsBHqHuft noABHrB lepn'fiHia h OTBara? 

TaRl, HJIH nOHTH TaRB AyMaJIl 6.06p0B'B, BCer^a CRJIOHHHft 

jffb HmpoRHirb, noaTHHecRHiTb RapTHHaMi, h RajKAHft pasi, Ror^a 
Spe6e8jRan^ifi, AaJieRlfi rojiocb CBsniieHHnRa CM^HflJicfl APy^HUBTB 
BosrjiacoifB KJinpa, no cnHHi h ho saTUJiRy Ahapoa HjiBBqa 
iipo6'lraAa xoJioAHafl BOJina nepBHaro Bociopra. Eny hobojibho 
BcnoMHHJiocB ApyroB aBJienie, nepeAB rpaHAiosHociBio Roioparo 

OHB HCHNTUBaJI'B TOTb SRB TpOHeTB, XOTH HOCJli 8T0r0 OCXaBaJUCfl 

caMB C060H) BHyTpeHHO HCAOBOJieHB. 3to cjiy^HJEOCB HeTLipe roAa 

TOMy HasaAB^ ROrAa OHB OTfiBIBaUB CBOft rOAHHHUft CpORB BB 
OAHOMB H8B H^XOTHBIXB HOJIROBB. IIOJIRB BUCiynaJIB BB JiarepH. 

BuJio Haca HeiHpe pocncTaro^ 6jiecTan^aro, xojioAHOBaiaro yipa. 
GojiHAe en^e ne bsohijio, ho boctorb njiaMenijorB, posoB^B n 
aJi&SB nojKapoHB sapH. ^eiBipe CaiajiBOHa, ^eTupe 6'Ijiuxb ho- 
TupexyrojiBHERa, ctohjih na nojii hohoabh^ho, CBepRaa ROHjqaBCH 
i^'fe^aro Jiica hiturobb. BApyrB pasAajuncB RpacHBue wbjsfiUQ 
sByRH BCTp^HHaro Mapma, sbohro h B036ysAaH)n](e pasp'lsaa cb%- 
aa&BOSAyxB, h botb, BAajra, hoab coMRHyTuiiH miHRaMH, noRa- 

SaJIOCB) TOHHO HJOIBH H ROJIHXaflCB Ha XOAy, HSOpBaHHOe BB JIO- 

CRyiBH necTpoe nojiOTHBn^e fhaneHH... TopjKecTBenHocTB xoro 

HOMOHTa, TOp^eCTBeHHOCTB, HaBiflHHafl RpaCOTOft 06CTaH0BRH, 
OTSByROMB BOCnOMHHaHiJS A^TCTBa H neBOJIBHUMB nOAHHHeHieiiB 

6ucTpoi[y HOABeiiy Ay^a tojihu, o^BaiHJia, npoiHBB bojih, h 
AHApea HjibHHa. Ho xenepB ohb HcnHTHBajrB HecpaBHOHHO 6oJiie 
rjiy6oKoe, cosHaieJiBHoe n CHJiBHoe ^ynciBO. 

Mojie6eHB ROHHHJicfl. EBamHHHB cb He6pe:RHUMB bhaomb 
6pocHJiB BB jiMy HMnepBHJiB, HO HarnyTBCH cb jionaioHROft hh- 

RaRB He MOFB — 8T0 CA&iajIB Sa Hero IIIeJIROBHHROBl. HOTOMB 

Bca rpynna ABsnyjiacB rb aomohhuhb ne^aMB, B03B£miaBnmMca 
Ha RaMeHHiixB ^yHAaHeHiaxB cbohmh RpyrjiuMn, HepHEOiE, Mac- 
chbhhuh 6aniHjiMH. 

BTopaa, BHOBB BUCTpoeHHafl AOMHa mjia <cn^^jaufB xoaoiib>. 
EsB upoA'iJiaHHaro BHHsy ea, na apniHHHOft Bucoii, oTBepcila 

6HJrB mnpORHMB, OCJI'inHTeJIBHO-6'ljIUMB, RSOROHynpifB HOTOROMB 

pacnjuaBJieHHuft nmaRB, otb Roroparo npurajui bo Bci CTOpoHH 
rojuyfiue cipnue ofohbrh. IILiaRB cxeRaJiB no naRJiOHHOMy xo- 
jio6y BB ROTJiH, noACxaBJieHHHe rb oxBicnoiiy Rpaio (j^yHAauenxa, 
H sacxuBajiB bb hbxb sejienoBaxoft, rycxoft iiaccoft, noxoaceft na 
JneAeneitB. Pa6o^ie, HaxoAHBrnieca na canoft Bepxynocj^ neu, npo- 



136 PyCCKOE BOriTGTBO. 

AOJUKaJiH Cesi OTAuxa 3a6pacE[BaTB b'b nee CBOpxy py;^ h sa- 
M6HHHft yroJiB. 

CBflII^eHHHEl» OKpOnHJI'B AOMHy CO BCiTb CTOpOHl CBHTOft 

BOAOK), 6ofl8JiHBO TopotLHCB, H cnoTURaioiiieftcfl, CTap'iecKoft no- 
xoARoft OTomeJi'B bi CTopoHy. FopHOBOfi Macxep's, smuviCThAj 
HiAHOJiHi](uft ciapHR'B nepBRpecTHJica H nonjieBaji'B na pyRH. To 
ace CA^JiaJiH netBepo ero noApy^HHX^. HoTOirb ohh noAOflJni cb 
seicjiH oHOHb AJiHHHuft ciajibHofi JioiTB, pacRaiajiH ero h, oaho- 
BpeMeHHO RpflKHyBi, yAapHJiH mn> b^b caHUft ehsi neiH. JIoin» 

8B0HK0 CTyRSyJICfl B^b rjIUHflHyK) BTyJIRy. 3pHTeJIH, BI» 6OH8JIHBO- 

HepBHOiTB oacHAaHiH, sajRMypsjuH rjiasa; H^ROTopHe noAaJiHCB Ha- 
BSfl-B. Pa6otie yjapiwrH Bt Apyroft paai, noroirb bi Tpeiift, wb 
TOTBepiHft... H BApyn H31 iLOKb ocipia JioMa fipusHyjrb ^osraH'b 
HeciepimMO-iipRaro, SHARaro KeraJiJia. TorAa ropHOBoft ifacTepi 
pacmBpBJTL OTBepcTie, h ^yryHi MeAJnenHo noJiHJica no necnaHoft 
BopoBAR*!; npBHHMafl OTT&HOR^ OFHeHHofl oxpu. Qjijoie RacRaAH 
tfjiecTfliqnx'B, RpynHHX'B sb^sai* JiertjiH bo Bcb ciopoHii bs'b ot- 
BepcTlH neiH, rpoiCRO Tpen^a h Tafl b'l B03Ayxi^... Orb thxo, 
RaBi 6yAT0 JiiHBBO TORyn^aro Heiajuia mejii xaRoft cipaniHuft 
sap'b, ?T0 nenpHBuiHue focth bco BpeHa OTOABurajracb h sa- 
RpuBajiH n^eRH pyRaifH. 

Orb AOMeHHHX'b ne?eft EHKenepbr ABHnyjiHCb Bb ota^jhi bos- 
AyxoAyBH£ix:b Manumb. RBanmH&i sapan-le pacnopj^AiiJica TaR'b, 
Hto6hi npiixaBmie ct> hhitb aRi^ionepu yBHA'&m saBOA'b bo Bceft 
ero ROJioccajibHOft BeJiHHnHi h cyTOJiORi. Onb coBepmeHHo B^pHo 
pasc^ETajTb, HTO 3TH TOcnoAa, nopaxeHHBie MaccoH) cHJibHux'b h 
coBepmeHHO hobicsli jifin ebxi Biy^iaTJii^Hiff, 6yAyT'b noTOirb pas- 
CRasuBaTb HyAeca ynojrHOMO^LHBmeify HXb o6ii^eMy co6paHlH). Ta- 
KBMb o6pa80irb, BacQJiIft TepeHTbOBE^ c^ExajTb A^oirb pi- 
mesEbafb BnepeAb eobuA, e BecbEa BuroAEUft jie^so j^jui Eero 
BunycRi) aRi^ft, Ea ROTopnft ao cexi Eopi se corjuamajiocb o5- 
E^ee co6paBie. 

H aRii[iOEepu, A^flCTBErejibEO, 6hijaL EopaxeEbi ao roJiOBEoft 
6ojifl, AO ApoacE Bb Eorax'b... Bb EOMi^n^eEiE BosAyxoAyBSHxi 
Mamssi OEE cjEEimajiE, 6jniAHue orb BOJiEesin, RaRi BosAyx'b, 
EarHeiaeMMft ^eTupbica BepTERajibEHicB AByxcajReEEHME Eopm- 

EHME BX TpyfibT, yCipCliJIEJIC^ EO EElTb Cb pOBOEb, SaCTaBJIEB- 
EIEMb TpflCTECb RaMeEEHE crtEH SAaslfl. Ilo dTElfb HyryEEUSTb, 

MaccEBEBiifb, B-b ABa o6xBaTa ErapEEoio Tpy6aicb, B03Ayxi» Epo- 
xoAHJTb cRBOSb Raysepa, EarpiBajicfl b% eexi ropafl^EME rasavH 
AO 600^ fl oxryAa y»e EposERairb bo BEyrpeEEOCib aomoe- 
Eoft EOHE, pacEjraBJiafl pyAy e yrojib cboeei sapREirb ajho- 
Besieicb. 

IIOTOlTb meJCROBEEROBl EOBOiTb FOCTCft Bb Capaft EyAJmETO- 

Buxb ne^eft,— BucoRoe, aceJi'lsEoe SAasie TaRoft ajiheu, tto c^ 
OAHoro ero ROEi^a aPFoA ROEei](-b Rasaicfl eABa saiciiEZiiicb Epo- 



KOIOrb. 137 

cvbrowb. BjiflJLh osHOft hsi crbwb capa^ T^HyjiacB RaneHHaa 
fljiaT^opMa, Ha ROTopoft noM-ln^ajiocB ABamaTB nyAJiHHroBuxi» 
nenefi, ^opMOft HanoMUHaBinHxi cHarae cb ROJiecB BaroHu. B% 
aTHxi nenax^b auiAKifi ^yryn'B ciriinfiBajiCji cl pjAofl h nepepa-^ 
<ioTU]iaJscfl Bi ciaJiB. FoTOBaa cxajib, CTeRaa bhesi* no Tpy6airB, 
HanojiHHJia co6oft BUCOKia jReji^Hiia mTandH, — Biuo spoA^ 
^yrjiapoB'B 6e3T> AHa, ho ci py«iRaMH naBopxy, h sacTUBajia bi 
HEXi cnjioniEHMH KycRaiiH ^yAOB^ no copoRa b^cobci. Cbo6oa- 
Haa CToppsa capaa fiujia sanaia peJiBCOBUHi nyTBH^B, no roto- 
poMy CHOBajiH, nuxia, mnna h CTy^a, napoBue KpaHH, noxojKie 
Ha nocjiymHux'B h jiobrhx'b shbothuxi, CHa6xeHHUxi» rH6RHicH 
xo6oTaMH. Oahh'b RpaHT> xBaraji-b mxaMfiy Rpio^ROirB sa py^y, 
noAHHMajTb ee Rsepxy, h nai nea Tajsejio BUBasHBajiCH RycoRi 
CTaiH Bi* BHA*! AJiHHHaro, npaBHjQ[BHaro 6pycRa ocjrbnHTejiBHO 
RpacHaro i^aiia. Ho npexA©, ^*mi> btot-b RycoR^ ycntsajTB ynaciB 
Ha setfJiK), pa6o?ift cb Heo6uROBeHHoft jiobroctbk) oCMaiuBajn'B 
•ero i^inBK) vb pyRy TOJintHHoft. Biopoft Rpani, yxBaTHB-B Rpio^- 
KOiTB aiy iiinB, njiaBHO necB tmryRyi b% BOSAyx-i^ n Rjiajii* pa- 
AOMi ci ApyrHHH na njiaT^opicy, npHRp'^njieHHyio Kb xpeTBOMy 
Kpany. Tpeiift — BJieKB aioxx ^py3^ na Apyroft Roneiti capaa, 
taI HexBepxBift, CHa6seHH£ift Bifikxo RpiOHRa ntHn]](aMH, CHHMajTB 
cmxyRHi Cb Barona h onycRajii hxx b-b pacRptixue juorh raso- 
BUXB neieft, ycxpoeHHHxi» hoa'b nojioiTB. HaRoneAi, h^thA RpaHi> 

BUXaCRHBaJTB HXI* HS'B JIHDROB'B COBOpmeHHO fiiJOIMH OTB ORapa, 

RjiajTB noo^epoAHO hoab Rpyrjioe rococo cb ocxpuMH syfiBaMH, 
Bpan^aBmeeca ^pesBu^afino fiucxpo na ropnaoHxajiBHofi ocn, h 
copoRa-nyAOBaa cxasBHaa €nixyRa>,Bx xeqenin AByxi ceRyHAi pas- 
piiaajiacB na a^^ noJuoBHHH, RaRi» rjcor'b liancaro npaHHRa. Kas- 
;(aa noJioBHHa nocxynajra noAi* ceHHCOxnyAOBBift npeccB napoaaro 
MOJioxa, oG^uiMaBmaro ee cb xaRoft cHAofi h xaRoft jierROCXBio, 
xoHHO ona 6ujiia hs-b BOCRa. Pafionie noAxaaxuBajiH ee xox^aci 
sue na pynnua xeoriflLRH h 6iroirB xan^jiH a&Jii»QI6> ofiAaaaa 
Bcixi Bcxp'i^HHiaxi 6j[ecRoirB h jRapoMi. 

Sax^Hi IQejiROBHHROB'B noKasaji'B cbohitb pocxhh'b peJiBco- 
upoRaxHuft itex'B. OrpoMHufl gpycoRi pacRaJneHHaro nexajuia 
npoxoAHJii* Hepeai i](%jUiifi paA'B cxaHROBi, RaxacB orb oahofo r'b 
ApyroMy no BanHRaui, Bpan^aBmnucfl noA^B nojioirb h xojibro 
caKoft CBoeft Bepxneft nacxBio BHAH^BmnMca na ero noBepxHOCXH. 
BpycoRi BXHCRHBajica b'b oxaepcxie, oGpasyeMoe AByva cxajiB- 
HUMH, BepxiBmHicHca B'B pasHEia cxopoHu i^HJUiHApaifH, H npojii- 
sajii icesAy hhmh, sacxaBjaa nxi pasAaBaxBca h ApoacaxB oxi> 
HanpaseHia. ^ajiBme ero XAajii cxanoRi ci en^e MeHBniHirB 
oxBepcxieiTB MesAy i^njiHHApaim, RycoRi cxajnH cxanoBEjica 
nocjui RaxAStro cxanRa ace xoHBme n jiflttBwke h, h^crojobro 
pas^ nepe6^aBi pejiBConpoRaxRy BsaA'B h BuepoA'B, npHHHHajTB 
Majio no Majry ^opiiy AecairncaseHHofl RpacHoft pejn»CBi. Cjeojk- 



138 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

HUMi ABUHeHleifb n^THaAi^aTE aajiBiiiOBi ynpaBJinerB* oahh'& 
TOJiLRo HeJiOBiiTb, noM^n^aiOD^IficH noKb napoBoft HaniHHofi, na 
BOSBumemH BpoA^ KaimTaHCRaro MOCTHEa. OH'BABHrajii pyRo^TKy 
BHepeA^B, ti Bci i^HJiBHjipu n bbjihrb HaHH^ajiH Bepri^TBCfl b;^ oahj 
CTopoHy, ABHrajn ee HasajCB — n aHJiHHApKi h BajraRH Be^rkxsiCh 
Bi* o6paTHyK) cTopoHy. Kor^a pejiBca OROH^aTejiBHO BUT^rHBajiacB, 
Rpyrjia^ nsjia, orjiyniHTejaHO BH8:Ka h cwijih ^OHidHoirB sojio- 
Tuxi ncRpi^ pasp'lsajia ee Ha TpH nacTH. 

SaitMii Bci^ nepemJiH b'b TORapHuft JSfiYb^ r^'b rjiaBHuinH 
o6pa30Mi> OTAijoiBajtHCB BaroHHHH n napoB03HUH ROJieca. Koaca- 
Hwe npHBOSH cnycRajiHCB laM'B ci noxojiRa ort TOJicxaro ciajiB- 
Horo CTepKHH, npoxoAHBmaro lepeai bbcb capaft, h iiphboahjih 

BT> ABB^eHie COTHH AB^ HJIH TpH CXaHROBX CaMUXl paSHHX'B 
BeJIHHHH'b n ^aCOHOBl. dlHTb npHBOAOB'B 6BUE0 TaRl MHoro, H 

OHH nepeRpen^HBajniCB bo CTOJiBRBs^'b HanpasjieHiflX'L, ^^to iipoH3- 
BOAHJiB BnenaTJi'lHie oAHOft cnjromHoft, sanyTanHoft n Apoxai^efl 

peHeHHOft C^TH. KoJieCa H^ROTOpUX'B CXaHROB'B Bpan^aJEETCB Ch 

fiHCTpoTOft ABaAi?aTH oCopoTOBi B'b CBKyHAy, A**HaceHie xe Apy- 
THXi 6fiiJio TaRi MeAJieHHO, ^TO no^TH He saifiiajiocB rjiasoiTB. 

GxaJiBHUA, JKeJliSHUH H MiAHfilH CTpy^RH, B'B BHA^ RpaCHBBIXl, 

AJiHHH£ixi> CDHpajieft, rycTO noRpu^aora hojtb. CBepjiHJiBHue 
cxaHRH orjiamajin BosAyxi necxepnHHBiM'B, xohrhmi h p'bdipHH^ 
BHsxaHieMi. TaBTb «e 6£iJia noRasana tocxhitb KamHna, pa6o- 
xaiomaa raftRH — niwo BpoA* AByxi-rpaHHHX'b, peryjiapHO-naB- 
Raion^HX'B ^ejiiocxeft. JI^Ba paCoiHX'B BcoBusaJiH bi axy nacxB 
EOHei](i> HaRajieHHOft jiflSBRoA nanRH, h MamHHa, paBHoirlpno ox- 
rpusaa no RycRy uexajijia, BunjieBHBajra hxb na seMJno bi bha'^^ 
coBepmeHHO roiOBHXT> raeEi. 

KoFAa, BfiiftAH H8i^ xoRapHaro i^exa, mejiROBBHROBB npeAJio- 

XJSJLly aRI^iOHepaiTL (o&B BCO BpeMa HCRJIIOHHXeJIBHO Kb HHH'B 

o6pan^ajiCfl co cbohmh pasxacHenlHMH) ocuoxpixB ropAOCXB saBOAa, 
AeBOTHCoxcHJiBeHft € Compound*, xo nexep6yprcEie rocnoAa yace 
Bi AOcxaxoHHOfi cxeneHH 6ujih orjiymenH h pascxpoenn bc^m'b 
BHA^HHuu'B H CJoimaHHUMi. HoBUfl BueHaxji'lHifl He BHymanH 
mwh 6oji'6e HHRaRoro HHxepeca, a xojibro en^e cHjiBHie yxoMJuuiH 
Hxi> HepBu. JlHi;a irx^b nujiajiH orB acapa pejiBConpoRaxRn, pyEH* 
H RocxioMu 6ujm nepenaHRaHBi yroJiBHOft casefi. Ha npeAJioace- 
Hie AiipeRxopa ohh corj[acHjniCB, noBHAHMOMy, CRpton cepAi^e, 
wo6h xojibro ho ypoHHXB AOCxoHHCXBa ynoJiHOMO^HBHiaro hx^ 
co6paHi^. 

JI^eBflXHCOxcHJiBHBifl cCompouiid* noirln^ajica bb oxa'^^jibhoitb 

SAaHlH, OHOHB HECXeHBROMl H HapHAHOMl, CO CbIxJIUMH ORHaMB 
H MOSaH^HBOTB HOJIOMl. He CMOXpH Ha rpOMaAHOCXB MamHHU, OHa 

noHXH He HSAanajia cxyRa. JI^Ba nopniHH, b% ^exupe casenH 

RaSA^lfty MHFRO H tfuCXpO XOAHJIH B1^ AHJIHHAparB, 06ttThlX% Pfi- 
peBAHHUMH HJiaHRaiCH. JI^BaAItaXH-^yXOBiaAMaXOBHR'B, CO crojibsh- 



UOROTh. 139 

I^HJf^ no UQWb AB'iHaAi](aTLK) KanaTaMH, Tissue 6e33ByHHO h 6h- 
cipo Bpan^ajECfl; otb ero mnpoKaro ABHseeiH cyxoBaTHft, xa^- 
Rifi BosAyxx MamBHHaro OTAtjneHlji R0Jie6ajiCfl chjibhumh n pery- 

JliipHUHH nopHBaMH. dTa MaiUBHa npHBOJ^HJia B'B .ABHXeHle H 

BOS^yxoAyBRH, h npoRaiHue ciaHKR^ n Bci ManiHHKr TORapHaro 
i^exa. 

OcMOTp'&B'B Gompoand, ani^iOHepu y^Re 6hum coBepmenHO 
y6tscAeH£i9 hto hxi BcmiraHiA oroh^hjihcb, ho HeyiOMBMuft 
UlejiROBHHROB'b BApyrB o6paTiijrcfl Kh hbici ci» HOBuirb juofies- 
HUHi npeAJioaceHjeiTL: 

— TeuepB, rocnoAa, a bbmi, noRajRy cepAi^e Bcero saBOxa, 
Ton nymcn, on Roioparo OH'b noJiynaerE cboh) shshb. 

Ohi noBeJTB mxi, bi oT^tjieHle napoBHX'b rotjiobi.* Oj^naRo^ 
nocji'l BCero BH^fidHaro, «cepAil6 saBOAa* — ABteaAuaTB i^hjihh- 

ApHHeCRHXl ROTJIOB'B nJE[THCa:ReHHOft AJIHHU B BOJiyTopa CaJReHB 

ButcoTU RasAuft— He npoHSBejio ea ycraBniHX'b aRAionepoB-B oco^ 
6eHH0 BBymHTejiBHaro sne^aTJi'bHiji. Hxi hucjoi a^bho Bpan^a- 
jiHCB BORpyrB co6jia8HHTejiBHoft nepcneRTHBH xopomaro o6iASt, h 
OHH yse HHHero He pascnpaniHBajiH, RaRi paHBme, a tojibro 
pasciflHHo H paBHOAyniHo sHBaJiH rojiOBaicH na Bck pasiacHeHia 

nieJTROBHHROBa. KOFAd AHpeSTOpi) ROHHBJIli, aRIUOHepU BSAOXHyJIH 

CB oOjierneHieifB ? ohohb hcrpohho, ci HecRpuBaeMuin> jaobojib- 
CTBieiTB, npHHHJiBCB saxB eHy pyRy. 

TenepB tojibro oabhb AHApeft Hjtbhi^ ocrajnos orojio napo- 
BHXii ROTJIOB'B. Ctoa Ha icpaK) rJiy6oRoft, noJiyreMHOfl RSJieHHOft 
AMU, 3% ROTopoft noMin^ajiiicB TonkH, OH'B AQJiro vjmjsfkn'h bhhsi 
Ha TAJKOJiyK) pa6oTy mecTepuxB o6HaaceHH£ix'B ao noAca JnoAeft. 
Ha Bxi o6fl8aHHOCTH Jiesajio CesnpepuBHO, h AHeBTB, h hohbk), 

HOA^paCBIBaTB RaMeHHBlft yrOJIB BI TOHOHHUA OTBepCTlH. To H 
A^O CO 8B0H0HB OTBOp^JIHCB RpyPJIUJi HyryHHBIfl SaCJIOHRH, H 
TOFAa BHAHO OBUIO, RaRl Vh TOHRaX^ CB ryAimeVB H pOBOlCB 

RjiOROTajio JipRO-6iJioe, 6ypHoe njiaicfl. To h a^jio T&sa paGoiexi^ 
BHcymeHHLifl orneMi h ?epHH)i otb nponHTaBineft Hxi yrojiBHoft 
nHJiH, HarB6aJiHCB bhhsi, npH newh na hxi cHBHaxi pisROBBi- 
CTynajiH Bci ifycRyjoi h Bci hosbohrh CHHHHoro xpefiTa. To h 
a:Ijio xyABifl, a^hrU pyRH Ha6HpaJiH nojmyio jionaTRy yrjiH h, 
saxiifB, SucTpHifB, jiOBRHui ABHsceHieiTB BcoBUBajiH ero Bi pa- 
CRpHToe, nujiaion^ee sepjio. JI^Boe Apyrnxi pafionHxi, ctoh na- 
Bepxy, TaRxe ne ocTanaBJiHBajiCB hh na MTHOBeHBO, c6pacHBajiH 
BHHSTB Bce HOBUA H HOBBifl Ry^H yTJiH... %0-TO yApyHaioiqee, 
He^ejiOBd^^ecRoe, qyAHJiocB 6o6poBy bi 6e8ROHe?Hoft pa60T% ro- 
?erapoBi>. RasajiocB, RaRaa to CBepxiecTecTBeHHaa CHJia npoRo- 
Bajia Hxii Ha bcio orhshb Kb drjuwb pasBepcwMi nacTaiTB, h ohh, 
noA'B CTpaxoiTB ysacHoft CMepTH, aojishu 6£Uih 6e8i ycTajiH 
KopKHTB H RopioiTB HenacuTHoe, npooRopjoiBoe HyAOBHiAe. 

— %o, ROJuera, CMOTpsTe RaRi» Bamero Mojioxa ynnTUBa- 



140 PyCCKOB BOriTCTBO. 

ipTB?— ycjonnaJTb Bo6poBi sa caoeft cnHHOfl secejaift, Ao6po;^ai- 
Euft rojiocb. 

AsppePL llshVTb saAposajTb e nyTL nyrh ne nojier^jn bi 
ROierapHyio fliiy. Ero nopfasHJio, hotth noipacjio dio HeoacHAan- 
Hoe cooTB'i^TCTBle BocRjniAaHLeL AORiopa ch ero co6cTBeHHUicH 

lOICJIAMH. J^ase H OBJiaAiBl C060H>, owl AOJITO H6 MOrb OT/^i- 

jiaTBca OTb CTpaHHocTH Tasoro coBnaAeHiii. Ero BcerAa EHrepe- 
coBajm H KasajiiHCb eny saraAo^Hmni rb cjiynaH, RorAa, sa^yMaB- 
mHCB RafioiTb HH6yAb npexneri, ejih TOraa o ioitb HH6yAB b^ 
RHHrt, OHi T0T?ac:b JRO cJEumaJii pflAOM-B CI C060H) pasroBopi 
TOin> jRe caMOiTb. 

— Si BacL, RasercA, nanyrajTB HeHHoacRO?— cnpocHJn aok- 
Topi>, BHEMaiejiBHO sarjuiHyB'b bi jolho BoSpoaa^— npomy npo- 

— ^a, HeEHOXRO... BH TaRx HecjoiniHo noAonuifl... a co- 

BCiviy He OXEAajTb... 

— Oxi, 6aTeHLRa, AnApefl Hjibetl, A&BafiTe-Ra nojie^EM^ 
HaniE nepBu. Herja^ ore y naci ho roA^TCJi... IIocjiyinaftTecB 
Eoero coB'j&Ta: 6epETe oxnycR'B, a& h vaxHETe-Ra RyAa-HB6yAB 
earpaHEi^y... Hy hto BaE% ce6H ba^b pacTpaBUTB? IIoxEBETe 
nojiroAHRa bi> cbob yAOBOJiBCTBie: neftre xopomee beho, "IsAETe 
BepxoMi no6ojiBme, HacnerB BOJUBHOonpoA^jiflioii^Hxca a'^beh^'b 
npoftAHiecB... 

J^ORTopi nOAomeJTB vh Rpaio RonerapHE. 

— BOTB laRB npOECnOAHAfl,— BOCRJIERHyjrB 0H1>, SarJUHHyBl) 
BEBB'B.-^CrOJIBRO RaSjIjUft TaROft CaEOBap^ERl ffiJXJ&Wb b^cetb? 

^aft ^yAOB^ BoceEcorB, A6BflTC0Ti>?.. 

— HirB, noCojuBine. Tucahe nojuopu. 

— Oft, oft, Oft,.. A Hy, RaRi> laKaa mry^Ra BSAyEaerB loro... 

TpeCHyTB? 9tO AOJUCHO BBlfilH OTOHB B$$eRTHO? A? 

— Jta... a AynaH). TaRan npoHBOflAerB Raiacrpo^a, tto na- 
BipHO H RO^erapRa e MamEHHoe sAanie paspymaTCA. 

CRo6eeBi noRanaJix roJioBoft e MHorosHa^HTeJiBHO eocbe- 
'CTaai. 

— Ornero xe bto mosotb cjiy^ETBCA? 

— IIpEHEHU paSHHH 6HB2JOTb... HO ^an^B BCOFO BTO CJiyHaOTCH 

TaREEi o6pa80Ei>: RorAa bi rotji^ ocraerca g^beb vajio boau, 
TO ero cr&HRE pacRajiflfoicji Bce 6ojiBm6 e 6oJiBme, ^yTB ne ao 
Rpacna. Ecjie bi 9to bpbme nycTETB wh rotbji^ BOAy, to cpasy 
EOJEynaeTCfl rponaAHoe ROJis^ecxBO napoB'B^ cri^HRE ne BUAepacE- 
BaioTB A&BJiOHifl E ROTeJTB paspBiBaoTca. 

— TaRi HTO aTo eojrho CA^axB Hapoino? 

— Crojibro yroAHO-.. He xoTHTe-m nonpofioBaiB? EorAa 
BOAa coBc^Mi ynaAOTB bi> BOAOEipi, HysHO tojubro noBepHyxB 
BeHTEJiB... BHAETe, EaJiOHBRift RpyrjiHa puqaaoKB,.. H Bce lyrB. 

Fojioci BofipoBa 6*011 CTpaHHO cepBesoHib... <^oprB ero 



KOJEOX'b. 141 

sHaerB, noAyMajti xoKTopi^ inuiuft oirs ^^ejioB-lRi, a Bce-iaRH... 
ncBxonarb... Bu qio se ea o6iAi»~TO ne nonuiH, AHipeft Qjis- 
HHi?— cnpocHjrb CKoCeesi, orxoAfl ora KO^erapicH — xotb norjw- 
ffijm 6u, KaKoft SHMHift caAi hsi Jia6opaToplH ycrpoEjni. A cep- 
BHpoBRa,— TaRi npfliio aa yABBJueme. 

— A By Hxi>! TepniTB He icory sroft sHTaftntHHu. En^e pi?H 
6yj^y^b, nosajiyft, roBOpHTB. i 

— KaKae,KaK»e,— pascMiajiM ROKTopi.— ^aace Ha^ajiH yace 
roBopHTB. EBarnHHETB TdkWb laROfl cnHH'B npoHdnecB, ^to tojibbo 
AepoKHCB... npHSBanie BDBJseHepa, roBopsT'B, BUcoKoe h otb^t- 
CTBeHHoe npBSBame. Biriftcii cb pejiBCOBUirB nyieiii e ci ao- 
HeHHofi neHBH)| ohi HecerB b^b rJiy6B CTpanu ciiceHa npocB^n^e- 
Hifl H HTO TO eii;e laRoe MyApeHoe. SL hba'Iiocb, roBopHrB, ^rto 
BEi, rocnoAa HHOKeHepH, 6yA6T6 bucoko AepjKaiB CBaioe sHaifa 
CBoero 6ja[aroA;lTej[BHaro HCRyccTBa. 

Ohh nponuiH h^cbojibro maroBi Mooraa. Jtaof) AOKiopa BApyrB 
OMpaHflJiocB, H owb saroBopEJi'b CO 8Jio6oft B% rojioci: 

— ^al BjiaroA^TejuBHoe HCRyccTBol A botb pa6oHle 6apaRH 
H8!B n^enoRii BucrpoeHM. Bojibhuxi ho o6ep6iiiBca... a^th, RaRs 
MyxH, HpyrB. Bon Te6i h ciMOHa npocBtn^eHifl! To to ohh sa- 
noiorB, RorAa 6piomHoft th^i pasryjiflercji b:b HsaHROBi. 

— j^a qTo BH, AORTopi? PasB* yae cctb 6ojibhu6? 9to co- 

BCfiHB yxaCHO CUJIO 6U) npH TBROfi TiCHOTi. 

^ORTopi ocTanoBHJicfl, THxeJio nepeBOAH JUjYb. 

— ^a RaRse ne 6utb? — CRasajii ohi cb ropeuio. — B^epa 
AByxi^ HeJiOBiRB npHBesjm. Oahh'b ceroAaa yrpoiTB CROH^aJiCfl, a 
Apyrofl, ecJiH em/d ho ynepi, to Be^epoifB yHperB Henpeid^HHO... 
A y Haci HH MeAHRaMOHTOBi, HH noH^n^eHifl, hh $ej[BAm6poBi> 

OnilTHiiXl... 



vin. 

Sjoie flsuRH Ha^aJiH sbohhtb. PeiiyTaAla KBamnHHa TaRB 
npoHHO H TaRi> A&BHo ycTaHOBHJiacB CO cTopoHH ero xeH0JirK)6Ifl, 
HTO HHRTO HB coMH^BaJica Bi HacTonn^eft npHHHHl ero BHesan- 
naro cfijmseHia ch ceHeflcTBOMi Shhohorb. Jl^anu roBopniH o&h 
dioiTB Cb ABycMucjieHHBiMH yjiH6Rai(H, MysHHHu wb CBoeiTB Rpyry 
HasBiBajiH Ben^H cb i^iHHqHoft otrpobohhoctbh) hxi HHeHaim. 
OAHaRo HasipHoe hhrto hhtofo He snajii. Bci cb yAOBOJiB- 
CTBieifB acAAJHH cofijiasHHTejuBHaro CRaHAaJia. 

Bb cnjieTH'6 6u[jiia aojuh upaBAU. GA&iaBi bhshtb ceneflCTBy 

SHHeHORl, EBamHHH'B CTaJTB eSeAHOBHO npOBOAHTB y EHXl Be- 

TOpa. Ho yTpaiii, okojio 11-th nacoBi, Kb DleneTOBCKyK) 3R0ho- 
MiK) npiisatajia ero npeRpacnaa Tpotaa cipHxi, h Rynep'B ne- 
Hsu^HHO AORJuaAUBajn, HTO cfiapHHB npocHTB CapuHK) H 6ap£i- 
moHB HoxajiOBaTB Kb HHiTB Ha 8aBTparB>. Si dTHiTB saBTpa- 



142 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

EaiTB nocTopoHHie He npiirjianiajiHCB. RymaHse roioBEorb noeapi- 
^paHAysi, EOToparo BacHJuft TepeHiBesH^n^ Boofj boshjii sa co- 
6oK> wb CBonrb nacTuxi pasi'lsjiax'L. 

BHHMame KsamnHHa Kb ero hobuh^l sHasoicHirb BiipaasajiiocB 
0H6HB CBoeo6pa8HO. OrHOcniejiBHO n^TepsnTb xIbhi^» ohi cpasy 
ciajTB Ha 6e3i](epeMOHHyio nory xoJiocToro h Becejiaro AHJUomKii. 
^epesi Tpn aha ohi y^ Ha8UBaJii» hxi yiceHLninTejiBHKrMH 
HuedaMH ci npH6aBJieHleMi oiHecTBa— Illypa FpHropbeBna, Hh- 
HQHKa FpHropbeBHa, a caMyio MJia^niyK) — Kacro, — tocto 6pajii!b 
sa nyxjiuft Ch ano^Koft noA^opoAOR'B h AP&sHHii) «i[JiaAeHiieM'b» 
H €i^HnJieH0HR0in»>9 onero ona RpacH^a ao cjiesi, ho ho conpo- 

HIBJIflJiaCB. 

Anna A(j^aHacbeBHa cb nrpHBofi bophjihboctbk) neHJUna eHy, 
^0 owb ccoBciiTB E36ajiye!n> ea A'^Bo^eml* JI^ificTBHTejiBHO, ctohjuo 

TOJIBRO OAHOfl H8I» EHXlk BfiipaSBTB KaKOB HH6yAB MHM0JI6TH0e 

jKOJiaHie, fiaRi* oho TOi^aci xe hchojihajiocb. EABa MaKa sanR- 
HyjiacB 6e3x BC^Raro, BDpo^eirb, saAHHro yuuc^a, hto efi xoii- 
jLocb'6hi BuyiHTBCH ^AHXB Ha BejiocuneAi, RaRi Ha Apyroft-jRe 
A6HB napo'^Huft npHBes^b H37» X. npeRpacHiift €GBn(j^rB»,CTOHBinift, 
HO HeHBrnefl M^pi, py6jiefi xpecTa... Bexi ohb npoHrpaJi'B, Aepsa 
CB Hen) napH no noBOAy RaRHXi-xo nyciaROBi, nyA'B ROH^ORrB, 
a Kaci— 6poniRy, bi> Roxopoft mecTB 6pHJL2daHTpBi qepoAOBajiHCB 
CB mecTBK) HsyMpyAaMH npeRpacHofi boah. Oh^ ycjiumajiii oa- 
Ha»Aiii, 1T0 Hnna juoChtb BepxoByio ^sAy n JiomaAeA. ^epesi 
ABa AHfl eft npHBeJiH RpoBHyio anrjiiftCRyK) Ro6ujiy, bb coBepmeH- 
CTBi Buis^ReHHyK) noAB jifikUCisjOQ ci^A^o. BapKrniHH 6ujnr o^apo- 
BaHBi. Bi> HX'B AOMi HocejniJicH Ao5pB[ft CRaso^HBift Ayxi} yraAu- 
BaBmift H Tonaci sue HcnojiHABmift HX'B najiifimle Ranpn3ii. 
Anna A^aHacBOBHa CKyrno nyBCTBOBaoia b-b axoft h^bapocth hto 
TO HenpnjiHiHoe hm xopomeft coubh, ho y uen ne xBaxajco he 
CBrksocTH, HH laRxa, ^xoSu a^tb nesaifi^xHO hohhxb bxo Kaam- 
HHHy. Ha en jiBCTHBue BHroBopu ohi xojibro naxaJTb pyRoft 
H oxB'finaJi'B cBOHHi CesannojuiiiioHHBiif'B 6acoirB:— HyBoxi>ento... 
nycxHRH RaRie BBiAyMaJiH. 

OAHaRO, HH OAHy h3'b 6h AO^epeft ohi ho npeAno^Hxajm 
£BHo, BciiTB HMi> OAHHaROBo jrosuj^SLn H HaA'B BcitfH 668i^epe- 
mohho HOAxpyHHBaH. MoJiOAHe jhoah, noci^n](aBniie paHBme aoitb 
3HHeH0R'B, 6e3CJi']^AH0 HcqesjiH. 3axo nocxoflHHuin» rocxen'B CA'&najiCA 
CB'iKeBCKift, 6BiBmift y hexi* npesAO Bcero pasa ABa hjih xpn. 
CB'ImeBCKift RaRi xo, iiLicAixeBi> haxb xony Ha3aA'B, nporoBopHJicfl 
B'B Epyry cbohxi cocJiyatHBaeBx, hxo Meixa ero xh3hh — ca4- 
jiaxBCH coBpeBfeQeirB MEJEJiiOHepoirB, n hxo ohb Kb copoRa ro- 
AaMi HenpeM^HHO 6yAex'B hmi. 

— KaRi ace BBi axoro AO^BexecB, CxaHECJiaB'B KcaBepBe- 
BHHi? — cnpocEJiE ero. 



MOJEOXl. 143 

GBiseBCidft saxHZHKaji'B n, saraAO^HO noTHpaa cboh uoKpuA 

PJKH, OTBiTHJTb: 

— Bci flopora Beflyn. bi Phki. 

?yTBe eny noACKasuBajio, ^xo xenepb b'b IIIeneTOBCKOJi 8R0- 
hohIh o6cTOiiTejiBCTBa CKJuaAUBaiOTca BecBua yAo6Ho p^B ero 6y- 
Ayn^efl KapBepur. 

TaKB HJiH HHa^e, obtb mofb npiiroAHTBCH BceiforycqeMy naipo- 
Hy. n GBiseBCKift, cxaBfl Bce Ha Kapiy, cu^jio ji^b RBamHHHy 
Ha rjiasa. Ohi> saHrpuBajiB cb hhub, KaRB BeceJiuft ABopoBMft 
nnoHORB CO CBHpinmrB MOAeJiflHCRsnrB hcoitb, BijpajRafl^ Bnpo^eMB 

H JIEI^OITB, H rOJOCOHB eseMHHyTHyH) rOTOBHOCTB y^HHHTB RaRyK) 

yroAHO naRocTB no OAHOMy tojibro MaHOBeniK) BacHJdHTepeHTBe- 
BHHa. 

naipoHB H6 npenflTCTBOBajTB. Totb caicuft EBamnHHB, roto- 
pMft nporoH^jiB CO cji[yz6£i, 6e3'B o6BHCHeHiH npH^HHB, AnpeR- 
TopoBB H ynpaBjQLflioii^HrB saBOAaicH,— dTorB caiiiaft KBamHHH'B 
MOJiia Topn'kiB bb cbocmb npHcyiCTBiH RaRoro to CB&ReBCRaro... 
TyrB naxjio Baacnofl yoiyroft, h 6yAyn^ift MJUudonepB HanpAjROHHO 
SAanB CBoero MoiceHTa. 

Bce dTo, nepoAasaflCB hsb ycrB bb ycxa, ciajio hsb^ho n 
Bo6poBy. O^B He yAHBHJiai: na ceueftciBO 3HHeH0Ri» y Hero 

CJIOJKBJICfl CBOft TBepAUft E TOHHUft BSFJUA'B. ErO BSBOJIHOBaJIO 
JIHOIB TO, HTO CHJieTHil H6 HpeHHHerB SaA^TB rpHSHUMB XBOCTOMB 

H HHHy... TLocjA pasroBopa na BORsaJiiy dTa A'^BymRa cxajia 
eMy en^e MHJi^e h Aopose. Euy OAHOHy ona aob^phebo OTRpujia 
CBOK) Ayniy, npeRpacHyio a^uro bb ROJieCamnxB e bb cjia6ocTflX'B. 
Bob Apyrie snaJiH tojibro oh roctioitb e napysHOCTB. Pes- 

HOCTB JRe, CB efl UBHEHHUMH COlCH^HlflHE, B'&HHO paSApaseHHUlTB . 

eaMOJiio6ieirB, cb ez icejioHHocTBio h rpytfocTBio, Gujia nysAa ero 
niEpoRoft, jiio6jin](eft naxypi. 

•laCRa E H^SHOCTB CB A'^TCTBa 06x0AEJIE 6o6pOBa. OTI^a OHB 

He noMHEJU. MaxB ero 6uJia cypoBaa e pasApasHTejiBHafl sen- 
HtEHa, no^TE HOMimaHHafl Ha CTpancTsyion^EXB MOHameHRax'B. 
ILiTB jiiTB Tojcy HasaA'B eio coBepmenHO oBJiaA^Jio pejiErlosnoe 
jHonoifiinaTejiBCTBO (Boo6n^e bb ea poAy cyHacmecTBie 6ujio 
aBJseHieM'B HacjiiACTBeHHHUB)... Tenjuafl, ECRpenHaa aRencRaii 
jno6oBB Toxe he pasy en^e ne yjoiCnyjiacB AnApeio HjiBEHy. 

HB 6hJIB CJHEHIROirB SaCT^HIEBB E HeyB^peHB B'B ce6']^, HT06U 

CpaiB orB JKE3HE TO, ^0 eMy npEHaAJieacajio no npaey. HeyAH- 
BExejiBHO, ^0 xenepB ero fjm^L paAocTHO ycTpenEJiacB naBCTpi- 

Hy HOBOMy, CHJIBHOMy HyBCTBy. 

Bcb dTE AHE 6o6pOBB flaxoAEJiai noAB oCameirB pasrosopa 
na BORsajii. Cothe pasB oh^ BcnoMEHaJTB ero bb HejibHaflmEXB 

nOApo6HOCTflXB E, CB KSLSLJlfAWb paSOlTB, npOSp'^BaJIB BB CJIOBaXB 

Uehu 6oa'&e rjiiy6oRoe sHaqenie. IIoyTpaEB ohb npocunajica co 



144 PyCGKOE BOrATGTBO. 

CMyTHHirB coBHaHieici nero-TO 6oj[Bmoro h cB^TJiaro, ^iro mcbivio 
ero Ayniy h o6imfiffrb eiiy bi 6yAyn](eirb icHoro ^JiaxeHCTBa. 

Ero HeyAepjKHHO T^Hyjio k'b 3HHeHKaairB; xoT^Jiocb em^e pasi^ 
y6iAHTLCH B'b CBoeM'B ciacTlH, emfi pas'L cJiHrnatb on Hehh kv 
po6KiH, TO HaHBHO cwbuua nojiynpHSHama. Ho ero crlcHJiJia 
npHcyrcTBle^ KBamenHa, h ohi yrlmaJTB ce6fl tojibko rbwh^ tto 
naTpoHi HH Bi RaROiTb cjiynai ho mofl npoGuTB bi HBaasoBi^ 

OxHaRo cjiyqaft nouorB euy jBmjsikThCB cb HheoA ao OTBisxa 
KBamHBHa. 3to npoHsomJiio bb BocRpecoHBe^ qepesitpHAHflnocjii^ 
TopacecTBOHHaro OTRpuxifl RaunaHiE AOueHHoft ne?H. BoCpoBB 
ixaji^ BepxoiTb Ha ^opBaiepi no mnpoRoft, xopomo HaCsToft 
Aoporiy BOAy^eft ci saBOAa ea CTaei^iK). Bbijio ^aca Asa npox- 
jtaAHaro, 6e3o6j[a'maro ahh. ^opBaiepi mejrb 6oftROft €X0A0ft>^ 
npflAfl ymaKH n uoTaa ROCuaToft roJiOBOft. Ha noBopoii orojio 
CRJiaAa BotfpoB'b saMiTHjrB cnycRaBmyiocfl ci ropu anasoHRy na 
RpynHoft I'H^Aofi JiomaAH n cuijijowb sa hoh) — BcaAHHRa na 
MajieHBROirb oijioui RHprasi. GRopo ohb Y^^J'fl^^} ^^ ^^ ^^^^ 
HHHa, BB TeuHosejueHoft, AJiHHHoft, pasBiBaioii^eflCfl K)6Ri, b'b 
nuunRi cb MajieHBRHMH sarHyruuH noju^HHE CB^&JiUH'BnepoirB* 
Oaa yBipeHHO h RpacHBO CHA^Jia bb cixsA. Crpofinafl aerjilflCKaH 
R06iajia mjia noAB neio ajiacTiiHecROft, miipoROft pucBio, Rpyro 
co6paBB meio h bucoro noAuuaA TOHRin, spacnBBifl hofh. Conpo- 
BOJRAaBmift ee CB^seBCRift jifLJieKO OTCiajTB h crapajicA, Sojnaa 

JSORTflHH, ipaCflCB H rOp6flCB, noftnaTB HOCROMB noTepflHHoe 

crpeMfl. 

Saii^TEBB Bo6poBa, HHHa nycinjia jiomaAB raJionoirb. Bcrpii- 
Huft Bi^TepB sacraBjiHJiB ee npHAepacEBaTB npaaoft pyRoft nepeAB^ 
nUUnU E HaRJIOHilTB BHESl rojOBy. nopoBHHBmHCB CBAHApeeii^ 
HjiBEqeiTB, ona cpaay ocaAEJia JiomaAB, h la ociaHOBEJiacBy ne- 
Tepn^EBO nepecTynafl HoraicE, pasAyBaa nrnpoRifl, nopoAHCTHfl 
HOSAPE H BByqHO nepe6flpaa 8y6aiiE yAEJia. Otb ^bah y Hehh 
pacRpacH^jiocB jieixo, e bojuocbi, BufiEBmiecH na BECRaxi esb 
noAB mjiflmi, OTREHyjiECB nasl^B ajiehhume, tohreme saBEi- 

RaME. 

— OTRyAa y BacB TaRaa npeJiecTB?— cnpocEJiB Bo6poBB, RorAa 
eny HaRonei^B yAajiocB, nepernyBiiiECB Ha ckKjA^ noxaTB roh- 
HERE najiBi^eBB Hehbt. 

— A npaBAa, RpacaBEita? 9to noAapoRi KBamHBHa. 

— JI 6h OTRaaaJica otb TaRoro noAapRa, — orpfeaJiB rpyCo 
AHApeft HjiBEHi), BHesaHHO pascepacoHHuft CesneHHUMB oiB'iiTOirB 
Hehh, 

HEHa BcnuxHyjia... 

— Ha RaROHB ocHOBaniE? 

— ^a Ha TOiTB, HTO... RTO JKC fiflo. BacB, B'B caMOiTb A*Jrl> 

EBamHEHB?... POACTBeHHERB?... ^eHEXl?... 



HOJioxi. 145 

— Axi, Eose MOft, isAKb Biin^eneTHJiBHU3a;Q)yrHX'B!— boc- 
KDHRHyjia HHHa flSBHreJiiBHO. Ho, jBHAiBi ero CTpaAaK)ii^ee 
SRno, oHa Tonaci jro cuanisjisch. 

— B4ab eMy 9to Hnnero He ctohti... Ohb laKx Sorars. 
CB&R6BCRifl 6ujrB yjRe bi A^cflTH marax'B. Hnna BApyrb 

HarnyjiacB ei Bo6poBy h cnasajia BnoJiroJioca, tohoki najieHB- 
Roft A'&BO^KK, cosnaiomeflca bi CBoefi bheI: 

— Hy, 6yAerb... CyserB, HecepAHTCCB... fl ewy BOBspamy jio- 
maAB HasaA'B, sjnioHRa bu draKiftL. BHAHTe^ ^to snaHHrB ajui HOHii 
Bame M£rbHie« 

Pjiasa^ AHApefl HjiBH^a sacuuiH cnacTBeirB, i^JiMft boTOBi 
miJiKiix'B npHSHaelft TicHHica Ha ero asmci. Ho ohb tojibeo 
rjiyCoRO, Bcefi rpyABio BSAOXHyjofB. CBiseacRifi noABissajm bb 
neicy, pacRJiaHBBaflCB h CTapaacB npHHaiB HeCpeacnyio nocigpcy. 

— Bu, ROHOHHO, snaere o HameiTB nnsHHRi? — cnpocHJTB Cb!- 

JKOBCKifi. 

— Bi nepBuft pan cjiinny,— OTB^naJTB AnApefl Hjibh^i. 

— IIhrhhki no HHBi(laTHB% BacHJOJi TepeHXBeBHHa? Bi 
BimeHoft 62uaA... 

— He cjnixan. 

— jl^a, Aa. Hosajiyftcra, npiissafiTe ace, AnApeft Hjibhtb, ^ 
BximajiacB HHHa.— Bi cpoAy, bxhatb nacoBi Benepa... c6op- 

HHft nyHRTB CTaHI^iH... 

— nHKHHR'B HO nOAHHCR^? 

— RaacercH, HaaipHO ne SHaio. 

— Ho HOAHHCRi,— noATBepAHjii CBljReBCRift.— BacHjrifl Tepen- 

TBOBH^l nOpyHHJI'B HH'6 HCHOJIHBTB HiROTOpUH OFO paCHOpAJReHlJI. 

n A BaiTB cRajRy, hhrhhri 6yAen ROJioccajiBHuft. Qaelqae 
chose d'^patant! Tojibro Bce aro noRaiiicTB ceRpen. Bh 6yAeTe 
HopaseHU HeoacHAaHHOCTBK)... 

Hnna He yrepn^Jia h npH6aB0j[a ROReTJiHBo: 

— Bce dTO B^AB H8^ sa uoHa buqijio. TperBaro aha ^ ro- 
BopHJia, HTo xopomo 6£i ROMHaHieft RyAa HH6yAB bi nicb npo- 
ixaTBCfl, a BacBJuift TepeHTBOBEHi... 

— H He no%Ay> — CRasaji^ BoCpoBi pisRO. 

— H%TB, notA^Tel— CBepRHyjia rjiasanH HHHa. — FocnoAa, 
uapnrB, MapnrB! — RpHRHyjia ona, noAUMaa JiomaAB Cb iricTa 

rajionoirB. AnApefi Hjibhhi! GjrymaATe, hto h aairb CRaxy. 

CetoeBCRift ociajtca caaAH. HHHa h BoCpoai cRaRajiH pa- 
Aoitb; OHa, yjiu^aacB h samaAUBaa eiqr wh rjiasa, offB, XHypiift 

H HeAOBOJIBHfilft. 

— B^A^ dTO a A^KH Baci BHAynajta hhrhhrb, sjioftAPyr^f— 
CRasajia OBa cb rjiy6oRofi h^shoctbk) bi roJioci... — H xo<iy ne- 
npeM'&HHo ysHaTB to, hto bu ne AoroBopHjra xorAa, na BORsaJii... 
HauB HHRTO ne nou'^maeTi na hhrhhr^. 

n onaTB MFHOBeHHaa nepeH'^na npiOHsonuia bi Ayoi^ Bo6- 

M 12. OTxin '• 10 



146 PyCCKOE BOrjlTGTBO. 

poBa. SaApooRaB'b otb Haxj^iHyBmaro 6jiaaceHCTBa^ oh^ tojibko 

H MOrB BOCRJIHBHyTB CTpaCTHO: 

— 0, HHHa! Rasx a jno6jno Baci! 

Ho HHHa saEi 6yAT0 6u h6 cjmxajia vroro BHesanHaro 
npHBHaHLi. Ona noraHyjia noBOAi^fl, BaciaBHJia JiomaxB nepeftiK 
wb man h cnpocHJia: 

— TaKb ejAeie? la? 

— HenpentHHO. Henpeic^HHO 6yflyl 

— CHOTpHie jse... A lenepb noAOJKxeiTB Moero RaBajiepa h — 

AO CBHAaHBfl. H TOpOQJDOCb AOMOfl, a CB HHBCb H6 CEOpO AOtABtHb... 

npOn](aflCB ci Heft, ohi HjBCTBOBaji'B ^epesi nepuxKy lea- 
Jiory en pyicH, OTBiTHBineft eify aojithbcb h Rpimuiirb nosa- 
rieiTb. ToMHue rjiasa Hhhu CMOipiJiH bjiio6ji6hho. 



IX. 

Bi cpeAy, jxe cb HOTMpex'B ^acoB^B, CTanitiH Giuia 6hteom'b 
HaGnia yqacTHHRauH nsKHHKa. Bdb lyBCiBOBajiH ce6A Becejio h 
HenpHHyacAeHO. HpiisAi BacHJiia TepeniBesHHa Ha btoitb pas-B 
OROHHHJicfl laRi 6jiaronojiyqHO, RaRB hhrto jifijRe ne CH^Ji'b ojrh-. 
AaxB. Hh rpoMOBi, hh uojihIh ho nocjriAOBaJio, hhrofo ho ho- 
npocHJiH ociaBHTB cjiyjK6y, h jifiXB^ naoCoporb, hochjihcb cJiyxH 
npH6aBRi, b'b oiAajnenqoiTB 6yAyn](eirb, jKajioBaHbA 6oJiBniHH- 
CTBy csyacan^xi. Rpoui loro, hhrhhr'b oGi^aji'B buath ohshb 
daHHuaiejiBHUH'B. ^o B'fcnieHoft 6ajiRH, RyAa ycjioBHJUicB oinpa- 
BHTBCJi^ c^HTaJiocB (ecjUH ixaTB Ha jiomaAflrB) ne 6oJiie hoth- 
pexi BepcrB o^ohb RpacHBoft Aoporn... flcnaa h lenjiaa noroAa, 
npo^HO ycxanoBHBmaflCfl bi TeneniH nocjiiAHeft hoa'^jih, HHRaRi 
H6 uorjia HOMimaTB noisAR:^. 

npBrjuameHHUx'B 6ujio AOA^BflHOCTa ^ejiOBiRi. Ohh tojhh- 
JEHCB osHBJueHHuuH rpyHHaMH no HJiaT^opM^ CO CMixom h 
rpoMRHUH BOCRjiHi^aHUHH. PyccRafl piHB nepeicimHBaJiacB ci 

^paHI^ySCRHMH, HiHOIlRHMH H HOACRHMH 4>P^^''>^* ^P^^ ^^^' 

iiineBT> saxBaiHjiH cb co6ofi $oTorpa(j^H^ecRie anQapaTU, pas- 
CHHTUBaa KkjOLThy npH csirt M^niji, MOKeHTaj[BHZiie chhmrh... 
Bdxi HHTpHroBajDa nojiHiftman HeHSBicTHocrb OTHOCHiejiBHO 

n0AP06H0CTeft UHRHHRa. GBiKeBCRlft Cb TaHHCTBeHHUBCB H Bas- 

Hmrb BHAOui HaMeRajii o RaRHX'b-xo cciopnpHsax'Bi, ho on 

OGliflCHeHift BCHHeCRH yRJIOHHJICfl. 

HepBuiTb ciopnpHsoMi oRasaJicfl BRCipeHHiift ho'Isa'b* Pobho 
B'b HATB qacoBii Hsi uapoBosnaro a^qo Bunieji'b hobuA, aicepH- 
RancRift, A6CATH-R0JiecHHft napoBosi. ^aicu ne uomh yAepacaiBCfl 
orb RpHROBi yAHBJieHiA H BOCTopra: bocb rpoHsg^Hufi napoBOSi 
61^11 yRpameHi ^jiaraMH h shbumh ii[B'lTaHH. 3ejieH£iA rHp- 
jiflHAu AyC^OBux'b jiHCTbeB*^, nepeMimaHHHa cb GyReiaicH acipi. 



MOIOX'B. 147 

TOoprHHi, jieBKoeBi n rBosAHRH, odsuBajiH cnHpajiBio ero ctajiB- 
Hoft Kopnycb) BRjiHCB BBepxi no Tpy6%, CEimnBajiHCB orryxft 

>8HH81»y Kb CBHCTRy, H BHOBB nOAUMaJIHCB BBepXB, nORpUBafl I^B^- 

^Q^efi crtHOfl 6yAKy MamHHHCTa. Hsb noxB seJieHH n i^b^tobi 

^TaiBHUfl H M^AHUfl ^aCTH MamHHKI 8(j^eKTH0 CBepKaJDI BB jiy- 

HaxB saxoAflii^aro cojKHi^a. IIIecTB BaronoB^ nepBaro Ejoracca, 
BUTflHyBiniecH baojo^ ouiaT^piai, k^jokbu 6mni otbccth ynacT- 
HHROBi nHKHHRa Ha 303-10 BepcTy, OTRyxa ao BimeHHoft (SajuRH 
ocraBajiocB npoftm He Cojiie AByxcoiB maroBi. 

— FocnoAa, BacHJsifi TepeHTBeBEHi npocHJirB moha coo6^^IIB 
BaiTB, HTO OHi 6epeTB Bc6 pacxoAti no nfiiRHHKy Ha ce62, — 
roBopHJiB GBi^eBCRlfi, TopoiLSHBO HepexoAA 0TB OAHOft rpynou 
Kb ApyroA. — FocHOAa, BacHJiift TepeHiBeBHTB npocsjTB m6ha 
nepoAaxB bc^itb npHrjrameHHuirB... 

Orojio Hero cocraBHJiacB 6ojiBniaa Ky^Ra. Ohb o6BHCHHjrB bb 
HeiTB Abjio. 

— BacHJdft TepeHTBOBH^B ociajica ^pesBinaftHO AOBOjetoHB 
riiTB npIeMOMB, ROTopfiift eny CA^aso o6iitecTBO, h euy oqenB 
npi^THo OTHJiaTHTB jiio66dHocTBK) sa jiK>6e9HOCTB. Ohb 6eperB BCi 
pacxoAu Ha ce6fl* 

H, He yrepni^Bi, ABHacHiuifi t^itb qyeciBOirBf ROTopoe ea- 
CTdBJiHerB jiaKeii XBacTaiB ^eApocTBio CBoero 6apHHa, ohb ao- 
<$aBHJiB BicRo: 

— Mu HCTpaTHJiH Ha dTOTB HHRHHRB 3,590 py6jieft! 

— nonojiaiii ci rocnoAHHoifB EBamHHHfiaiB? — nocjoimajica 
<^8aAH HacirbmJiHBUft rojiocB. CBiaceBCRlfi 6HCTpo o6epHyjicji h 
y&bjijijiai, HTO Biy ^AOBHTyio penJUHRy BCTaBHUB AHApea, tjih- 
A^Bmlft Ha Hero co cbohui o6uhheimb HeBOSMyrHinucB bhaoitb, 
8aj[02CHBB pyRH BB rjiy6oKie RapManu 6pH)R'B. 

— ?T0 B£i H3B0JIHJIH cRasaiB?— nepecHpocHJTB CBiseBCRift, 
rycTo RpacH-ia. 

— UiTby 8T0 eu H8B0JIHJIH CRasaTBI €MU HCTpaTHJiH TpH 

TucflqH>, H fl HMito nojiHoe ocHOBanie Kj^srchy hto bei noApa- 
syMiBaeie ce6H h r. RBamHHHa hoab dTHiTB €Mbi>... B'b TaROMB 
ojiyqai, h CHHiaH) npiflTHUHB AOJiroMi saaBHTB BauB, hto, ecjiH 
H npHHHifaK) dTy jiH>6e3H0CTB 0TB r. KBamHHHa, to b'6ab otb 
r. CBiaceBCRaro h ee Mory h ho hphhatb?... 

— AXB, HiTB, HiTB... Bu HO TaRB MOHfl HOHHJIH, — SaJie- 

HOTajTB nep6R0H({»yjReHHiiifl GBiseBCRift. — 3to bco BacHJiift Te- 

peHTBeBHHB. H npOCTO TOJIBRO RaRB AOB-bpeHHOe JUDIO... Hy, 
BpOA'6 RaRB npHRan^HRB; hto JHH, — A06aBHJrB OWb CB RHCJIOfl 

ycMimRoft. 

IIocji'6 dToro GBisReBCRiB nocniniHo CRpBUiCH. AnApea, ne 
eiiOTpH na cbok) saiiKHyTOCB h HepaaroBop^HBocTB, BcerAa snaai'B 

H81> CaUEIXB BipHUXB HCT01HI3R0BB BCO, HTO A^^JiaJIOCB Ha SaBOA'^. 

Ohb TepniTB ne mofb CBtseBCRaro sa ero cnjieTHH, noAo6o- 

10« 



148 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

CTpaciie h XBacTOBCTBO h HHRorxa He ynycKajrb cjny^aa €o6pi* 
8aTB> ero nps imoroiHCJieHHiix'B CBnA:lTejiHX'b« 

no^B OAHOBpeueHHO cb noAa^eft dRcrpenHaro no'bsAa npl* 

ixaJIH SHHeHRH, 31i COnpOBOSAOHiH RBaHIHHHa H IIIeJIIKOBHBKOBa. 

Ho He ycnioTb en^e BacHJiift TepeHTBeBHH'b buju^stb hsi ko- 
jucKHy KaicB cjty^HJiocB HHKiH'b HO opexBtfA^HHoe npoHcmecTBie^ 
TparH-KOHH^ecsaro CBoflCTBa* En^e ci yrpa seHU, cecrpu 2 
MaTepH saBOACKHXi paCo^xik, npocjaimaB'b npeACTOflHteirb 
oHKHHKi, ciaJiH co6HpaTBCfl Ha BORsajrI. Mnorifl npHHecjni c^ 
co6oio H rpyAHHXi peCarb. Ob BupasenieirB Aep^BAHnaro 
Tepn^Hifl Ha saropkiHXi, 6poH80Buxi jmiiaxi», cha^jih oh^ 
yse HHoro ^acoB'b na CTyneHaxi BORsajiBHaro RptuiBita h Ha 
seifjii, BAOJiB criHi, OpocaBmBxi a^hhuh r6HH. Mxi 6wio 
6oJLiQ AByxcoTB. Ha pascnpocu ciaHqiOHHaro na^aJiBCiBa oui 
oTB^^an, HTO Hui HysHO cpuxaro h TOJiCTaro HanajiBHHRat. 
CiopojR'B npoSoBaJTB HXi rnaiB, ho owb hoahajih laRofi orjiy- 

mHTeJIBHUfi FBaJlTB, HTO OWb TOJEBRO MaXHyJTb pyROft HOCiaBHJI'B 

6&(h> B'B noRoi. 

RasAKift HOA^'IsxaBmift dRnnasi BUSUBaJii MesAy hhmh 
MHHyTHuft nepenojsoxi, ho, laRx RaRi cpujRaro n TOJiciaro na- 
qajiiBHHRa> ao chxi nopi en^e He 6ujio, to ovb lornacB ace 
ycnoRaHBaJiHCB. 

EABa TOJiBRO BacHJodft TepeHiBeBHTB, cxBaiBBmHCB pyRaifn 

8a RO8JIH, KP^XTH H HaRpeHHBTB BCK) ROJIflCRy, CTyHHJTB Ha HOA" 

HOSRy, RaRi 6a6ii Cuctpo oRpysHJiH ero co Bctxi CTopoHi h 
nOBaJiHJincB Ha roji^hh. HcnyraHHiu, ropaHlA JiomaAH saxpa- 
H'ijiH H ciaJEH MeTaiBCfl; Ry^epi, naTHHyBi bobsch h coBciM'B 
nepeBajniBniHCB HasaA'B, eABa CAepacHBajn hxi na icicrl. Cfla- 
^ajia KBamHHHi HH^ero He hofb pa8o6paTB. Ba6u RpH«iajiH Bck 
cpasy H npoTflrHBam ri neicy rpyAHuxi laaAeniteBit. Ho 6poH- 

SOBUMl JIHIiaJTB BApyrB nOTORJIH 06HJIBHBIfl cjiesu... 

EBamHHHi yBHA^, hto eny ne BupsaTBca hbi aioro orh- 
Boro ROJiBi^a, o6cTynHBniaro ero co Bcixi cxoponi. 

— Cioft, 6a6H! He raJiA^TB! — RpHRHyjTB ohi, cpasy no- 
RpHBaa CBOHMi 6acou'B Hxi rojioca-. Opere bc%, RaRi na 6a- 
aapi. HHiero ne cjmniy. FoBopH rto HH6yAB OAHa: bi neui 
A^o? 

Ho RasAOfl xoi^ocB roBopHTB OAHOfi. KpHRH eo^e 6ojiBme 
ycHJiHJiHCB, H cjiesu eme o6hjibh^ noieRjra no jnmairB: 

— KopMHJueiii... poAHOft... paacuoTpH tu nacB... HnRaR'B 
homosho lepn^TB... OTommajm... noMBpaeiTB... ci pe6aTauH ch 
MaJiHMH noMBpaeici... OrB xoJUOAa npano AOxneiTBl 

— %o JRe Baii'B Hyano? Opb nero bh noHHpaere?— rphr- 
HyjTB oHflTB EBanrnHHi. — ^a ne opHTO Bd^ pasoirBl Botb tu^ 
MOJuoARa, paBckasuBafty — TRHyjTB ohi najiBiteMi vb pocjiyio, Rpa- 
CHByio RajiyaRCRyio 6a6y. — OcTaJiBHHH, mojehh. 



MOIOXB. 14& 

EoJDDbniHHCTBO SaitOJIRJIO, TOJEbRO UpOAOJISaJIO BCXJUmETBaTB H 

caerRa noABUBaxE, yrapaA rjiasa. h hocei rpHSHBiiiH noAOJiaMH... 

Bee TaRH sa pasi roBopHJio ho iceHie ABaAitaiH CaiSi. 

— IIoMHpaeirB orb xojuoAy, KopuHJieiti... YxTy tu CA^Jiaft 
MiutocTb, o6AyHaft naci, RaR'b HH6yA^ •• HnRaRoft Ham Bosuoac- 
HOCTH wbrj 6oJibme..* SaraaJiH nacb na SEiiy bi 6apaRH, a bi 
HHrb HeniTO HoaRHO shtb-to? OAHa tojibro cjiasa, ^to 6apaRH, 
a TO RaKi ecTb ES'b JiyHHHu BEicipoeHH... H lenepB to no ho- 
^am He BTepnexi otb xojiOAy*.. 8y6'b na 3y6i> ne nonaAaeTi.. 

TbI XOTB HaOIHXb po6flTORX-TO VlOJRBJL'bty HOCOGh, TOJiyCWRl: 

XOTB ne^H-TO npHxasH nocTaBHTB... IlHainiy BapHXb nerA'i... Bi 
ROTJiaxi nHminy BapHifb... MysHRH naniH iftjrBHbifl a^hb na pa6o- . 
Ti... H83H6mH... HaHORmH... IIpHA7^ aomoA— o6cyniHTbca nerAi... 
RBamHHH'B nonajTB bi sacaAy. Bi RaRyio cxopony ohi hh 
oCopa^HBajiCH, BesA^ euy nyTB nperpa:RA&Jra BajuLBmiHCfl na 
deicjii n CToaBmifl sa ROJuiHAXi SaiSii. RorAa ohi npo6oBajrB 
npoTHCHyTBCH HOSAJ HHMH, oh6 jiobhjih ero 8a Honi H sanojiH 
AJiHHHaro, c6paro yjiBCTepa. Bhah CBoe 6e8CHJiie, RBainHEHi» 
ABHxemeiTB pyRH noAosBaJii Ri ce6i IIIejiROBHEROBa, n RorAa 
TOTB npo6pajicfl crbosb TicnyK) TOJiny 6a6'B, BacHJiift TepeHXBe- 
BHHi cnpocHjrB ero no ^pani^yscRE c% rHiBflmcB BupaxoHieirB 
B-B rojuoci: 

— Bh CJttimajra? ^to Bce 3to SHaqirrB? 
inejiROBHHROB'B GesnoMOH^HO pasBeJii pyRaica n aaCopMoxaji'B: 

— SI HHcajTB Bi IIpaBJieHle, AORJiaAHBajTB... Ohohb orpans- 
HeHHoe HHCJio pa6o?nx'B pyRi... jr&THee Bpeiui... ROCOBHiia... 
bucorIh i^iHbi... IIpaBjieHie ne pasp'&mHJio... HHHero ho no- 
.A^2ieiiiB... 

— KorAa JKO bh HameTO nepecTpaHBaTB pa6o^e 6apaRH? 

— IIOJIOJKHTeJIBHO HOHSBiCTHO... HyCTB HOTepnOTl) RaRi- 

HH6yAB... Haifi pasBme HaAO TopoimTBCfl cb noMin^eniHicH a^ 
CJiyjRan^HX'B. 

— ?opTB 'SHaerb, ^xo 8a 6e3o6pa8ifl tbophtca noAi* BamHici 
pyROBOACTBOU'B, — npoBop^ajTB KBaniHHHi. H, o6epHyBmHCB ohatb 
K'B 6a6a)rB, ofb CRa8ajrB rpoMRo: 

— GjiymaftTe, 6a6u! Ci saBTpamHaro aha Bani 6yAyrB 
CTpoHTB neiH n noRpoiorb BamH 6apaRn xecoMB, Cjoimajraf 

— CjaimajnH, poAHOft... CnacE6o Te6i..* KaRi> ne CJoiniaTB, — 
pasAaJiHCB o6paAOBaHHue rojioca... TaRi-TO Jiyime He6ocB, RorAa 
caMB HanajiBHHR'B- npHBasajTB... cnacH6o Te6'6... tu yjRi naiTB, 

COROJIHR'B, nOSBOJIB H n^BHRH COCspaTB C^ nOCTpOftRH. A TO... 

— Xopomo, xopomo. H ntenRH nosBOJiaio coCspaTB. 

— A TO nocTasHjiE Besfti nepROCOBi *), nyTB npHAoniB sa 

*) B% IDSHOlfB Kpai^ Ha 8aB0AaZ% H Vb BBOHOMiflZ'B CTOpOSaMH OZOTH^ 

Bcero HaHHMaioirb vepsecoBi, oxjuiiiaioiinizca B^pHocTbK), BHymaioii^HZ'B crpazi 
aacejueniK). 



150 PFGCROB BOrATGTBO. 

^enKSMHy a owb Tn&'b ceftnaci Horaflsoft a napoBim no- 

JIOCHyiB... 

— JIaAHO, JuaAHO... IIpnxoAHTe cm&io aa n^enEaim, hhrto 
Baci He tpoHePB, — ycnoEanBaJi'B hxi RBamHHHi. — A TenepB, 
6atiB6, icapmi no Aonairb, npi BapBiBl JI,a CMorpBTe y ueEXy 

JKHBO! — RpHRHyjI'b 0Kb nOA60ApflK)n^Hirb, MOJUOOTOBaTHlCB rojuo- 

com. — Bei pacnopflAHTOCB, — CKasaorL ohb IIIenEOBHHKOBy, — 
^o6u saBTpa cjiojrhjih okojuo 6apaR0B'B Bosa xsa Rnpnna... dia 
Hxi HaAOJn^o yrinnm. IlycTB jiio6yioTCfl. 

Ba6il paCXOABJIHCB COBC^UB OCHaCTJIHBJieHHBIfl. 

— Th CMoipn, ROJEH naiTB nenefi ne nocraBATB, xaRB ini 

BaCB n080B6MB, ^T06£I HaCB rp^TB npHXOAHJIH, — RpHRHyjia Ta 

caMa4i RaJiyaRCRaa 6a6a, ROiopoft RBamHHHB npHRasajiB roBopHTB 

8a BCiXB. 

— A TO RBRB Se, OTOSBBJiaCB 6oftRO Jt^JTM... nycTB HaCB^ 

renepajiB h r^fb&n>. HniB, RaRofi TOJicioft a& rjiaAROfi... Gb hbicb 
lenAe GyAOTB, h%ub na ne^Ri. 

9totb HeojRBAaHHKft annsoAB, ORon^HBniiflCH TaRB 6Aarono- 
jiyiHO, cpasy pasBecejsBJiB bc^xb. ^ajse KBamnsHB, xMypBBmificfi 
CHanaJia na AHpoRTopa, pascMiiiJiCH nocji'6 nparjiameHl^ 6a6% 
OTorpiBaTB bxb h npBifnpBTejiBHO bsajib IIIejiROBHHROBa noAB^ 
pyRy. BcnoMHHaa noApo6HOCTn tojibro-tto noTymenHaro €6a6Bflro 
6yHTa> H rpoMRO cifkacB, ohb c^jtb bb BaroHB. ^epesB ipn mh- 
nyTU noisAB BumejiB co CTani^iR. KyiepairB 6ujiio npHRasano 
ixaiB np^uo Ha BimeHyio 6ajORy, noiouy hto nasaAB npeAno- 
jiaraJiocB BOSBpaiHTBca na jiomaAflXB cb ^aROJiaMB. 

IIoBeAeHle Hhhbi cnyTBJio An^pefl HjiBHHa. Ohb sAaorB na 
ciaHiUH ea npiisAa cb neTepntjiBBUMB BOJiHeHieMB, HaiaBniBiccfi 
en^e B^epa Be^epouB. IIpeacHifl cousiHlfl BC^esjiB hsb ero AymH. 
Ohb BipHJiB BB cBoe 6jiiBSRoe CHacTie, h HBRorAa en^e MipB ho 
RasaJEtcfl eny TaKnu'B npeKpacHuiiB, jiioah TaRBMH AoCpuini, 
a ORBSHB laRoft JierRofl h paAOCTHOft. Jlyuaa o cBBAanm c% Hh- 
Hoft; OHB CTapajicji ce6d^ ero sapan^e npoACTaBHTB,. hobojibho ro- 

TOBBJI'B H^KHUH, CipaCTHHfl H RpaCHOp'^HHBKH $pa8U H HOTOITB 

caHB CM^HJicfl HaAB co6ofl... ^Jifl ?ero cohhhatb cjiona jik)6bb? 
RorAa 6yAeTB Hysno, ohh npsAyTB caMS h CyAyTB emfi RpacH- 
Bie, emfi cjian^e... H Bo6poBy BcnouBHajniCB HBTaHHUA hmi b'b 

RaROMB-TO 2CypHaJL'6 CTBXH, BB ROTOpUXB HOdTB FOBOpHTB CBOeft 

iraHoft, TOO OHH He 6yAyTB RJiacTBca ApyrB Apyry, noTOMy hto 

RJIflTBfil 0CR0p6HJIH 6u HXB AOB^^p^BByH) H FOpAHyK) JIK)60BB. 

BoOpOBB BTHKbjTh^ RaRT* HOAB'J^XaJlH^ CJI^AOUB Sa TpoflKOft 

EBamHHHa, ab^ rojiacrh SsHeHORB. HEHacHK^JiaBBnepBOfl. Bb 
jierROMi HJiaTB^ usiia RpauB, nsHn^HO OTA^JiaHHOUB mnpoRHMH 
Rpy^eBaHH loro se Ksiia y nojiyRpyrJiaro Bup'Isa ROpcasa, bb 
mnpoROfl 6%Jiofl, HTajiB^HCROft mjnAni, yRpamenHOft 6yReT0MB 
HafinHxi posB, OHa noRasanacB eny 6jr&AH'ie h cepBosH^e, h^mb- 



MOIOXI. 151 

o6HKHOBeHHO. Ona Hsxajni saM^THJia Bo6poBa, CTOflBmaro Ha 
spiuiBiliy HO He nocjiajia eMj, KaRi owb oacEsajTB, AOJtraro, 
MHoroBHa^HTejiBHaro BsrjDuiAa. Hao6oporb, eicy jifisie noKasajiocB^ 
6yAT0 OHa napo^Ho OTBepnyjiacB orb nero. Eor^a se AHApeft 
HjiBHq'B noA6iacajrb Kh ea komslcjA, hto6u homohl eft hsi hoh 
BHfiTH, HHHa, TOHHO npexynpeaRA^ ero, 6ucTpo n JnerKO bucko- 
HHJia H8i dKHHaxa Ha APyiyH) CTopony* EaRoe-ro nexopomee, 
anoBloitee t^bctbo RonBHyjio cepAi](e AnApea HiiBHHa, ho ohi^ 
TOTHaci jRe Hocnimnjirb ce6fl ycnoKOHTB. cBiAHaa, ona ciEiAHTCfl 
CBoero p'^menifl n CBoeft jQ«)6Bn. Eft RaxeTca, ^to TenepB BCHRift 
MoacerB cbo6oaho HHiaTB bi est rjiasaxi caioifl coRpoBeHHSifl 
efl imcjiH.,. 0, cBATaa, npejiecTHaa nanBHOCTB*. 

AHApefl VLsbiprh Sbutb yBipeHX^ hto Hnna, RaRib h bi npom- 
jmft pasi Ha BORsaJii, caiia naftAerB cjEyiaft noAoftrH Kb HeMy, 
^iTo6u cb rjiaay na rjiasi nepeRHHyiBca h^rojibrhmh ^pasaioi. 
OAHaRO OHa, noBHAHMOMy, bca norjion^eHnafl o6'BflCH6HleM'B RBam- 
HHHa cb 6a6aiai, ne ToponniracB eroro CA^aiB... Ona hh pasy, 
Aase yRpiM(R0fi, He o6epHyjracB nasaA'B, hto6£i yBHA^TB Bo6poBa. 
GepAi^e AHApea HjiBH^a 8a6HJiocB BApyn TpeBosHO h tocrjihbo. 
Qhi pimHJTB HOAoflTH Kb ceMeflCTBy SHHeHORTB, AepsaBmeMycfl 

T^HOft RyHROft (OCiaJIBHUfl A&HH HXl, BHAHMO, H86traJIH) H HOA^ 

myub, npHBJieRaBmift o6mfie BHHMaHie, cnpocHTB Hnny, ecsH ne 
cjnoBaicH, TO xoTB BSTjuAOirB, npHHHH^ en HeBHHUaHiH. 

KjraHflflCB Ahh'6 A^anacBeBHi h nosnicafl ea pyRy, owb sa- 
rjuAUBaJTB eft wb Jims,o h crapajica npo^eciB bi neHi, snaeTB- 
jiH OHa HTO HH6yAB. ^a, ona HecoHH^HHO snajia. Eil naAJiOMJieH- 
nuA jTJLOWbj TOHRiH 6poBH — HpHSHaRB jT^RHBaro xapaRTepa — 
HeAOBOJiBHo CABHHyjiBCB, a ry6ti hphh^jih HaAHennoe BBrpasenle. 
c^oJiasHo 6bitb Hnna pacRasajia Bce Maiepn h nojiy^HJia otb 
HOH crporlft BiiroBop'B> — noAynajn BoOpoBi h noAomeJi'B Kb 

Ho HHHa nfixe ne Bsrar^Hyjia na nero. Er pyRa nenoABEXHO 
H xojuoAHO Jiesajia bx ero Apoacani^efl pyR^^ RorAa ohe SAopoBa- 
JiHCB. Bm^cto OTB^xa Ha npHBiTCTBie AHApefl HjiBH^a^ ona tot- 
Haci 2ce noBepnyjia roJiOBy Kb Bexi h oGn^HjiJiacB ci neio Ra- 
RHMH-TO nycTUMH Baifi^HaHiaHH... Bb dTOWb nocnimHoiTB ua- 
Henpi BoCpoBy nonyAHJiocB hto-to BHHOBaToe, ^to-to TpycjiHBoe, 
OTCTynafon^ee npeAi* npflMuu'B otb^toitb... Ohb nonyBCXBOBaJi'By 
TOO y Hero RaR:B-TO cpasy 0CJia6ijiH hofh, a bo pTy CTajio xo- 
JiOAHO... Ohb He snajTB^ too noAynaTB. Ecjih 6hi Hnna A^sae h 
npo6oj[TaJiacB MaxepH, pasBi ho Morjia ona, oahhitb hsi tIx'b 

6uCTpUX'B, rOBOpa^HX'B B3rJUiA0Bl, ROTOpUUH BCerAa HHCTHHR- 

THBHo pacHOJuaraiorB jReHn^HHBi, CRasaxB eny: <Aa, tu yraAajTB, 
nama xafina HSBicrna... ho a Bce Ta se^ inuiuft, fl Bce Ta ORe, 
He TpoBosBCJii. OAHaROy ona npeAnoqjia oTBepnyTBca. cBce 

paBHO, Si BO TOO 6U TO HH CTBJIO Ha HHRHHR^ fflXiJlJCb OJI OT- 



152 P7GGR0E BOrATGTBO. 

Biia,— noAjuajTb Bo6poBi, bi CMyrHoft tock^ npeAHyscTByfl tto- 
TO yjRacHoe.— TaRi, hjih ima^e, osa AOJisna 6j}Xfl£% ot^tetb*. 



Ha 303 Bepcrl o6ni[ecTBO bmiiuio nsi* BaroHOBii h A^D3HH0ft> 
necTpofi BepeHEAefi noTHHyjioc^ uhko ciopoaceBOJi 6jkbMj no 
ysRoA AopojRici, cnycRaioii^eftcA Bi B-bmeHyH) 6ajiKy... Emfi hs- 
xaJiH Ha pasropflieHHUA jrai^a naxHyjio CBisecxsio h saaaxoiTL 
oceHHATO Jiica... ^oposRa, cxaHOBACb Bce Kpy^e, Hcieaajia BOb ry- 
CTuxi Kyciaxi opiniHHRa h ahroA acHMOJiocTHy ROTopue cnjie- 
jnHCL Hafti Heft cnJioniHuirb xeuHHii'L cboaoei. IIoxi> noraicH yse 
menecTiJiH sejnue, cyxle^ CRopo6HBmiecH jiHCTi»a. B^ajiH, crbobb 
ryciyio dib nan^n ajiijia BeiepHflfl sapji. 

KycTu OROHHHJiHCb. IlepeAi* rjiasaMH rocieft HeoacHAaHHO oi- 
KpHJiacjb ORpyseHHafl jricoicii mHpoRafl ojion^aARa, yTpaM6oBaH- 
Hafl H ycfiiaaHHafl uejmm'b necROui. Ha oahoitb ea kohk^^ 
CTOHJTB BOCLMHrpaHHuft naBHJibOHib, BecB pasyRpameHHuft (j^araim 
H seJieHBK), Ha APyroici — Rpuiafl dcxpaAa fflo, icysuRaHTOB'B. 
EABa TOJiBRo nepBUfl napu noRasaJiHCb hs'b Hani[H, RaRi booh- 
HHft opROCTp'b rpflHyjTb Cb dcxpaAu 6paBypHuft Hapm'b. PisBtie, 
RpacHBue sByRH Becejio nonecjiHCB no Jiicy, sbohro OTpaxaacB 
orb A^peBBeB'B h cjuHsaacB rA%*T0 jijmlbko b'b Apyroft opRecip'B, 
KOTopuft, KasajiocB, TO neperoHHJTB nepBUft, to oxcTaBajiii otb 
Hero. B'b ^BHHrpaHHoiTB naBSLUBoet, BORpyrb ctojiobi, pas- 
CTaBJueHHEixi noRoeifb i^ yjRe noRpuTuxi hobumh 6ijuiME cRa* 
TepiaMH, cyeTHJiacb npncjiyra, rpena nocyAoft... 

KaR^ TOJIBRO MysusaHTbi ROH^Hjm Hapaii», Bob npnrjiaaieHabie 
Ha nHRHHRi paspassJUHCb Apy^HHMH anajiOAHCueHTaHH. Ohh 
6brjiH wb caMOMi a^^ nopaHeHu, noTOuy hto ne A&JrIe, RaR'B 
fififh aeKbum TOity nasaAi^y s^a nao^aARa npeACTaBJUflJia HS'b ce6a 
Kocoropi, yciasHuft p'&akhkh RyciaMH... 

OpRecxp'b sanrpaJi'B BaiiBCB. 

Bo6poB'B BHA^JTB, RaTb CBixeBCRlft, OToaBmlft paAOiTb ch 
HHHoft, TOT^acb se, 6e3i> npHrjiameHia, o6xBaTHjrb ea Tajiiio, h 
OHH noHecjiHCb, 6ucTpo Bepracb no naon^aAS^- 

ElABa Haay ocTaBHai CBtaceBCRift, RaRi r'b Heft noA^iJKaa'b 
ropHHft cxyAOHTb, sa Hiurb en^e rto-to. 6o6poB'b Taai^OBaai 
njioxO) A^ n ne aio^Hai TamfOBaib. OAnaRO, euy npHmao B'B 
roaoBy npHraacHTb Heny na RdApnab. cMoserb 6fi[TB, KjyLSiJi'h 
OHi, HH^ yAacTca yay^nxB MHHyTy hjlk o6bacHeHia». Oh'b noAO- 
meai ri neft, BtiSAaBii Bpeua, RorAa ona ToaBRO ^to CA^aaaa 
ABa Typa, c^aa n Toponanso o6MaxHBaaa B'bepoM'B nuaaB- 
mee am^o. 

— HHHa FpHropBeBHa, noAapnTe usb OAHy R^ApnaB. 



MOJIOXIb. 133 

— y MeHfl yase pa3o6paHU[ Bcb EaApHJUi,— OTB-b^aJia ona, He 
vjisLjifi Ha Hero. 

— HeyjReJiH? TaEi CRopo? 

— ]Ifi. Sani^irB-aRe bu onosAajui? H en^e bi earoHi o6in^ajia 

BCi RaAPHJIH... 

— Bu, sHaHHTb, coBciM'b HOBafiujiH o6o HHi,— CKasaJTB OWb 
ne^ajiBHo... 

SByRi ero rojioca Tponyjii HsHy. Ona HepBHo cJnozHJia h 
onflTB pasBepnyjia Biep'B. 

— Bu caini BHHOBaTU. Ilo^eify bu h6 noAomjiH?.. 

— Ho B^AB fl TOJIBKO tflSl TOFO H npiixaJH Ha HHKHHR'B, 

HTo6u Baci BHA^TL... HeysojiH bu niyrajni co MHoft, Hnna FpH- 
ropBeBHa? 

Ona MOJi^ajna, bi saicimaiejEBCTBi nrpaa BiepoMi. Ee Bupy- 
HHjii noAJserlBmifi ri net MOJiOAOft HHseHepi. Ofla 6ucTpo Bciajia 
H, jsfkSie He oGepnyBmHCB Ha Bo6poBa, noJiosHJia cboh) lOHRyio 
pyny, bb aj^hbhoA 6iJioA nepnaTKi, na njieno Hnacenepa. AnApeft 
Hjibh^i cjiiAHiTB 8a HeK) rjiaaaMH..* CA^iaai lypB, ona ciJia— 
cROHeiHo, yMunuieHHOi, noAyMajn AnApefl HjiBsqi,— na Apy- 
roMi ROHul HJion^aARH. Ona E86&*ajiia ero. 

IIpexHHii, A^BHO sHaROMaa, lynaa h paBHOAynmafl TOCRa 
OBjiaA'bjia Bo6poB£iHB. Bob jiHiia ciajiH RasaiBCjai OHy nonuiBiMH, 
.SRajiRBMH, noHTH ROMHHHUMH. PHTMH?ecRie BByRH /lysuRH Henpo- 
puBHUMH rjiyxHMH yAapaiiH OTSUBajiHCB Bi ero roJiOBi, npH'in- 
HJifl pasApaxaio^yio 6ojib. Ho ohb emfi ne noiepHJii HS^eacAU n 
cxapajDOi yrlniHTB ce6fl pasnuuH npoAnojiojReHiflUH: cHe cep- 
AHTCflsSH ona sa to, ^to a ne npECJiajTB eft 6yReTa? Hjih, mo- 
acerB 6utb, eft npocio He xo^erca TaHAOBaTB ci> TaRHm nim- 
ROiTB, KaRiH,— AonwuBajica ohb. — Hy, hto-jro, ona, noaRajiyft, n 
npaBa. B^a^ jiflA A'^BymeR'B diH nycMRH laRi UHoro snanaTB... 
PasBi He OHH cociaBJiaioTib HXB paAOCTH h oropneniji, bck) no- 

4d8il0 HXl JRH3HH?» 

RorAa CTaso cnepRaTBCH, BORpyrB naBEJiBOHa saacrjiH mb^- 
BUS ujbniii pasHOi^BiTHHXB RHiaftcRHxi ^oHapeft. Ho dToro ORa- 
BajiocB iiajio, HJnon^aARa ociaBajiacB ho^te ho ocBin^eHHOio, 
BApyrB cb 060HXB efl rohi^obi BcnuxnyjiH ocjrlnBTejiBHBiirB ro- 
jry6oBaTiain> CBiiOMi Asa aneRTpB^ecRifl cojiHi^ay ao chxii nopi 
THiaiejBHo saMacRHpoBaHHbiH sejieHBB} A^poBBeBi. Bepesu h rpa- 
6u, ORpyjsaBmle njion^aARy, cpasy BUABEHyjiHCB BnepeAB. Hx^b 

HenOABH2CHUH, RyApHBBU B'i^TBE, HpRO H ^aSBHIEBO OCB^n^eHHUfl, 

CTajiB HoxooRE Ha TeaipajiBHyH) A^RopaiuK) nepnaro njiaHa. 3a 

HEME, ORyTaHHHA Bl C&pO-SeJieHyH) MTJiy, CJ[a60 BUpECOBUBaSECB 

Ha coBepmeHHO qepnoiTB He6ft Rpyrjaia e syC^aTUH A^peBBH qa- 
mE... KysHe^ERE Bi CTenE, ne sarjiymaeMue MysBiKoft, RpEHaini 

TaR'B CipaHHOy rpOMRO E APy^KHO, HTO KasaJIOCB, 6f ATO RpE^ETB 



154 PyCCSOB BOrATCTBO. 

TOJiiBKo OAHH^ KymemsKb, ho ephhhtb otobcboxj: h cnpaBa, b 
cJiiBa, H CBepxy« 

Bajii j^mncBj craHOBxcB ace oxHEJieHH^ h myMH^e. Offan> 
Tanei^ cjriAOBan sa Apyrmrb. OpicecTpi ho^th He OT;iuzajrB.*. 

^OHH^HH, SaEl OTT» BHHa, OHBAH'^JIH 0Tb MySURH, 0Tb CRaSO^* 
HOft 06CTaH0BRE BB^epa, OTl dTOft aTMOC^epU A^pSROft BJ[K)6jieH- 

HocTH, ROTopoK), RasajiocB, 6uji^ npoHHTani BOBAyxi. Camiff 
CTporlfl A&im noxoAHJiH Ha BaRxaHOKi, ci 6jiecTAn^HMH rjiaaaMH^ 
HopMBHCTO AEiman^eft rpyxBio, nuJiaion^HMH ^eRaiar, pasCHBmefiCA 
npHHecRoft H ry6aMH noJiyoTRpuTiiiai, tohho a^a noi^iJiyeB'B. 

Apovarb hxi jsjxoB'b h pasropa^eHHiixi tIxb npHxoTJiHBa 
CMiniHBajiasr cb sanaxoMi CTennoft hootuhh, jB^jifixomfiro JiHCTa, 
jiicHOfi CHpocin H cb OTAanenHHiTB tohrhitb sanaxoirb CRomen- 
Haro cina... IIoBCK)Ay, to MCAJieHHO; to 6ucTpo KOjmxajiHCB B%e- 

pa, TOHHO RpUJUBJI RpaCHBHXB paBHOI^B'&THlIX'B HTHI^'B, C06HpaH)- 

H^Hxcfl Jier^TB... FpoMRifl roBopi, ch'&X'b, mapRanBe hopb o ne- 
COR'B njnon^aARH cnjieTajiHCB bi oahhl noHOTOHHuft n Becejmft 
ryjn», ROTopuft BApyPB cb oco6eHHofi cHJioft BupuBajica Bnepexiv 
ROFAa MysHRa nepecTasajia HrpaTB. 

BoCpoB'B Bce BpoHfl HOOTCTyHHO cjAahjtb sa HRHoft. Pasa 
SBa OHa HyTB-^yTB ho sa^lJia ero cbohmi* njiaTBem. Ha nero 
Aaase naxeyjio BiTpom, Ror^a ona nponecjiacb iraico. Tani^yH, 
OHa RpacHBo jf, RaRi 6yAT0 CesnoMon^HO H8rH6ajia JiiByio pyRy 
Ha HJie^i CBoero RasajLepa h TaRi cRJioHaJna rojiOBy, RaRi> 6yx- 
T0-6u xoT^a Kb BTOuy HJieiy npncjioHHTBCfl... HnorAa xejiBRaji'B 
Rpaft ea HBSHefi, Gijioft, BBnuHTofi h)6rh, pasB-bBaeuoft 6uctphm'b 
ABHflceHieH'B, H MajieHBRaa HOJRRa bi nepnoMi nyjiRi, cb tohroU 
npiROJiOAROfl h RpyrfiiHi uoA'BeMOMi> HRpu. TorAa Bo6poBy CTa- 

HOBHJIOCb nOHOHy-TO CTHAHO, H OUl HyBCTBOBaJTb BX AyiD* 8JI06y 
Ha BCiX'b, RTO MOFb BHA^Tb HsHy Bl 8TH ICOMeHTU. 

Hananacb nasypRa. Bhjuo yase orojio A^BJiTH nacoBi. Hnna, 
TaHitOBaBmaH co CBiaceBCRHirb, BOcnojibsoBajiacb rbu'b Bpene- 
neirb, RorAa en RaBasepi, AHpHacHpoBaBmifi nasypROfl, ycTpaa- 
BajTb RaRyio-TO cjnoznyio ^nrypy, h no6iKajia bi ySopnyio, JierRO, 
6BicTpo CROJibSH HoraBCH Bb TSiKTb MysKiR:^ H npHAopKBBafl 
o6'&HMH pyRavH pacnycTHBmiecH BOJiocbi. 6o6poB'b, BHAiBmift 8to 
Cb Apyroro R0Hi][a HJion^aARH, TOT^acb-^e nocninmjrb sa neio 
cniAOM'b H ciajii y ABepefi*.. 3A'&cb 6brJio hotth tohho, bch 
y6opHaH — MaseHbRaji Aoc^iaTan ROMnaxRa, npHCTpoennaH caaA^ 
naBHjrbOHa,-— HaxoAHJuacb b'b rycToft t^hh. Bo6poB'b pimnjicfl ao- 
SRjifiTbcsi Hhhbi h, bo hto6u-to hh CTano, sacTaBHTb ee o6'BHCHHTb- 
CH. CepAi^e ero nacTO h 6ojibHo 6HJiocb, najibubi, ROTopue ohi 

CyAOpOSHO CTHCKHBaJTb, CA^aJtHCb BJiaJRHbniH H XOJIOAHblBni. 

^epesi HATb MHHyn Hnna Bunura. Bo6poB'b BUABHHyjfCH H8i> 
tIhh h nperpaAHOTb eft Aopory. HHHa cJia6o BCBpHRHyjia h ot- 
maTHyjiacb. 



MOIQXIb. 155 

— HHHa rpHropBOBHa, 8a tto bh iceHfl TaRi Mynaere?— cKa- 
sajTB AHspefi EjiibhhI) j^cthhrtkbho cuaAUBaa pyRK yiiojuiK)- 
TOftwb jRecTOMi. — PasaiBH H6 BHAHTe, BaRi keA 6ojibho... HeJTb- 
dfl-se B^AB aRHBoro nejEOB^Ka HdCnpaTB HrpymRoft... MJiinenua 
KaRoft-TO KJUi onuTOBi... Ecjm 9to arpa, ecjra aro MHCTH^HRaiOH, 
TO npespaTHTe-JKO ee, pajqi Bora... Oaa neAOCTOftHa Baci... 

— fl BacB BOBce jsfiSRe n ho nyMajia MHCTB^ei^EpoBaTB, — 
OTB^THJeta Hsna, yjipsMo n saHOCHHBo. Bi neft npocayjiCH Ajm 
eji ceMeftcTBa. 

— Hirb? ^TO-se SHaiHTB Bame ceroAHflnmee o6pan](eHle co 

MHOft? 

— KaRoe o6pan^eme? 

— Bil XOJIOAHH €0 MHOfi, nOHTH BpaSAe6HH. Bu OTBOpaHH- 

BaerecB on MOHfl... Bam x&xe canoe npHcyrciBle icoe Ha b6- 
H6pi HenpiiiTHO... * 

— Mni p%nmT64iBHo Bce paBHO. 

— 9to Gusfl xyjse... H ^BCTByio b'b BacB RaRyio-xo neno- 
CTHORBifyH) A^fl MeHfl H y^acHyio nepeniHy... Hy, 6yABTe-aR0 
OTRpoBeHHu, HHHa, 6yABTe laRoft npaBAHBofi, RaRoft h Baci emfi 
ceroABfl CHHTajri... RaR'B-6H hh 6HJia crpamna HCTHHa, cRasHTe 
ee. Jlynme yacB h ajia BacB, h ajui MeHJi cpasy rohhhtb... 

— %o rohhhtb? a He noHHuaK) saci..: 
BoepoBi cauuTB pyRaMH nujiaBmyK) roJiOBy. 

— UiTB, Bu noHHMaexe* He npHTBopflfiiecB. Ham ecTB hto 

ROHHHTB. y HaCl 6ujIIH H6xHHfl CJIOBa, HOHTH rpaHHHan^Ji CB 

npHSHaHleui, y nacB 6ujm JiacROBue Bsvjmjpn^ nesAy HaMH yjRe 
6ujiH RaRie-TO h^jkhuh, tohrIh ysBi... fl snaio, bbi xothto CRa- 
saTB, ^TO A 3a6jQ[yjKAaH)CB... Mosen 6utb, MOserB 6utb... Ho 
pasB'b He Bii BeifijiH keA nplixaiB na hhrhhr'b, 9to6h hm^tb^ 

B08M0SH0CTB HOFOBOpHTB 6081 HOCTOpOHHHX'B? 

HHHb BApyrB cxajio oRajiB ero. 

— J(a«.. H npocHJia saci npiixaTB... fl xoiijia BairB CRa- 
saTB, ^TO HaM^B HaAO npocTHTBCH Ha BcerAa. 

BoCpoBi noRa^HyjiCH, tohho rto TOJiRHyjrB ero bi rpyAB. 
Ehjio AaaRe wb TeicHort saifiTHO, RaRi ero jnmo no6Ji%AH&io. 

— HpocTHTBca...— nporoBopHJii ohi, saAUxaacB... Hnna 
FpHTopBeBHal Cjiobo npoH^ajiBHoe— THsejioe, ropBRoe cjiobo...Ho 
roBopHTe dToro cjiona... 

— SI ero AOJURHa CRasaTB. 

— ^OJUKHH? 

— Jldk, AOJiSHa. 3to He moa boju. 

— ^Bfl-ace? 

Kto-to hoaxoahjtb ri hhitb. HHHa bfjua^^cb bi leMHory e 
Hpomenrajia: 

— BOTB HBH. 



1 



156 PFCCROE BOrATCTBO. 

9to 6uJia Abhe A^aHacBeeHa. Oea noAOspHTejibHO orjiAA'^a 
Bo($poBa H Hehj h BSJiJia cbok) aou sa pyny. 

— SaHiMi TEi, HHHa, y6tauuia on TaHitesi? — CKasajia oaa 
TOHOiTB BiiroBopa. CTaJia r^io b-b leMHoii h dojEraemb... Xo- 
pomee, Heiero CRasarb, saHATie... A a Te6fl hd^h no Bciwb saico- 
yjiKaii'b. Bu, cyAapB, oGpanrjiacB ona Bspyn> 6paHHHB0 h rpoHso 
Ki £o6poBy, Bii, cyAapB, ecjDi caMH He yMiexe, hjih He jnofiHie 
TannoBaTB, to xotb 6apuniEflirB-6ii He vimajiH h ne Eonnpo- 
ueTHpoBaJD[]i-6u hzi 6eciAoft tdte h t6te... wh TeMHUx'B yrjiaxi. 

Ona OTOnuia h yBJieKJia sa C06010 HnHy. 

— 0! He OesnoROftiecB, cyAapunn: Bamy 6apumHio hh^to 
He CEOMnpoHeTHpyerB,— saEpHHajTB efi vb AoroHsy BoCpOBi h, 
BApyrB, pacxoxoiajiCH laRHicB cipaHHUMii, CesyicHuui cm^xoitb, 
^0 H uaTB H AO^B HeBOJiBHO oSepHyjiHCB. 

— Hy! Hte roBopHJia a Te6i, wo 3T0 Ayp^KB h naxajTB! — 
Aepnyjia Anna A^anacBeBHa Hnny sa pyKy— — EMy xotb bi 
riiasa nanjiioft, a ohb xoxoierB... yrfmaeTca... — Ceftiaci 6yAyTi 
Aaiui Bu6BpaTB EaBajnepoBi, npH6aBHJUt oHa ApyrHiTB, 6ojirie 
cnoROflHuiTB TOHOui. — Ciynaft h npHrjiacH KBamHHHa. Om» 

TOJIBRO ROH^HiTB HapTlK). BhAHHIB, CTOHTB B1> ABOpflX'B 6eciARH«.. 

— Mana! JIja RyAa ORe eny Tani^oBaTB? Ofb noBopaHSBaeicfl 
TO HacHJiy-HacHjiy. * « 

— Ah Te6i roBopio: CTynaft. OffB RorAa to oahhitb hs'b 
jiynniHX'B TaHi^opoB'B cHHTajicji Bi MocRBi... Bo BCflROMi cjiywi 
eity 6yAerB upuiTHO. 

TOHHO Bl RaROlTB TO SJIOB^n^eiTB TyMaHi BHA^l Bo6pOB'By 

KaRi HBHa 6ucTpo nepe6'kRajia bck) njion^aARy h, yjiti6aH)a(aacfl, 
KOReTJiHBaHy ocTaHOBHJiacB, CB jierRHiTB HaRjiOHenieMB rojiOBU, 
nepoA'B RBaniHHHBnrB. BacHJiift TepeHTBOBHVB cJiymajTB ee, cjierRa 
HaAi Heft HarnyBniHCB; BApyrB ohi pacxoxoTajiCJi, OT«iero bca ero 
orpoKHan ^arypa saTpacJiacB, a saicoTaJTB OTpai^aTeJiBHO roJioBOfi. 
Uana AOJiro nacTaaBaJiay hotoitb BApyrB CA^jiaJia oCasseaHoe 
Jiai^o a RanpasHO noaepHyjitacB, hto6bi otoAth. Ho RBamHaa'B, 
CB BOBce ne CBOftcTBOHHoft OMy jrhboctbh), AoraajTB ee a, no- 
JsaBi HJieHaMa cb TaRam BaAOui, RaRi 6yAT0 611 xot^ji'b 
CRasaTB: ay, yaci> na^ero ae noA^aeniB... naAO 6aJiOBaTB A'^^xeft... 
npoTHHyji'B eft pyRy. Bci TaHi^K)n^e ocTanoBajiacb a cb JU060- 
nBiTCTBOui ycTpeiiaJia rjsasa aa HosyK) napy. Sp^jotaniie Kaam- 
HHaa, Taaij^yion^aro HasypRj, o6in^ajio 6bitb npesBu^aftHO roichh- 
amrB. 

BacHjdfi TepeaTBeaaHi aua^ajTB TaRTB a BApyrB, noBepaya- 
nmcB R'B CBoeft jsfixby ABaacealeirB^ acnoameaaHirB TajROJiofty ho 
Bejm^ecTBeHHoft apacora, TaRi caHoyBipeaao a jiobro CA^ajrB 
nepBoe pas, hto Bci cpasy B'b newb nonyajia 6B[Bmaro oTJia^- 
naro Tani^opa. fjuiAfl aa Hany caepxy bhesi, cb ropAHMB a 
BecejmfiTB noBopoTOMB rojiOBBi, OBI caa^ajia ne TaHAOsajTB, a meJTB 



MOJOXX. 15 T 

uoKb MysuRy djracTHHHOfi, cjnerRa nona^HBaioii^eftcfl' noxoAKOft... 

n OrpOKHUft pOCTB, H TOUqilHa, H BUnyRJnift JRHBOrB, RasajiocB, 

He TOJiBKO He MimajiH, ho, Hao6opoTB, yBejiHHHBajiH bi drj MHHyry 
CBoeoCpasHyio rpaiuio ero ^nrypu. JI|oftA^ so noBopora, owb ocraHo- 
BHJiCH Ha OAHy ceRyHAy, CTyRHyjTB BpAyrBRafijuyROirL o Ra^JiyKB^ 
6HCTpo saBeprljii Hney Ha uicvb h, HeosHAaneo nocaAHB'b ee 
Ha CTyjii, caiTE ocraHOBHjtcfl nepeA'B net ci hebko onyn^enHOft 
rojiOBoft. 

Ero TOTHaci jro ORpyacHjni co Bciz'B CToponi aahu, ynpa- 
niHBaH HpoflTHCB eu^e oahfb lypi. Ho ohi, yioiuieHHuft nenpH* 

BUKHMM'b ABHHeHleiTb, THJRejTO AUmaJTB H 06MaXHBaJiai nJOfaiROlTB. 

— ^OBOJiBHO, mesdames... non^aAHte ciapHRa... — roBopHJiB 
OHi, CH^CB H HacHJiy nepoBOAH Ayxi*-— He bi moh roA^i bs 
ujisci nycRaTBCfl. noflA^Mre jnynnie yaRHHaiB... 

0<$mecTBo caAHJiocB sa ctojeu, rpeiiH npuABBraeiiuHH ciyjuBH- 
MH... BoCpoBi npoAOJiacaJTB ctoatb na toitb caMOirB m%ct6, rAi 
ero noRHHyjia Hnna. ^yBCTBa yHHJKeHiH, o6hau h CesHaAesHOft, 
onajiHHOfi TOCRH nonepoM^HHO TepsajiH ero. Cjres'B ne 6tiJio, 
BO ^TO TO srynee n^Hnajio rjiasa, i 3% vo^srb ctohjtb RaRoft la 
cyxofi, ROJDOHift RJiy6oRi... MysuKa npoAOJiaRajna Cb eesasajio* 

CTHUirB nOCTOflHCTBOMl 60JI'l8HeHHO OTBMBaiBCfl Bl OFO rOJIOB^. 

— BaTiomRa uofll A a to BacB maj, anty, HHRaRi ne mofb 
HafiTH. ?T0 9T0, B£i RyAE saHponacTHJiHCB? — ^ycjiumaJTB AnApeft 
Hjubbhi pHAOMi CB co6oft BeceJiuft rojioci AORiopa... JSiaxh 
TOJiBRO npi-bxajTB, uma cefi^aci oro sa bhhtb ycaAHiiH, HacHJiy 
HacEny, BupBaJicA... HAeHi ysHHaTB. A napo^no ABa KicTa 
saxeaTEJTB, ^to6vi bm^t^... 

— Axi, AOKTopi! Hahto OAHHi. a He HoftAy? He xo'iercH,— 
^epes'B CHJiy oTosBajicH Bo6poBB. 

— He HofiAeTe? Botb jSKb HCTopia!— ^oRTop-B npHCTaoiBHo 
HorJi^Alji'B Bi xBisfi Bo6poBy. — Hb, hto ch BaMH, rojQ[y6ymRa? Ha 

BaCl JIHIta COBC'&H'B H^Tl, — sarOBOpHJTB OHB CepBOBHO H Ch J^Sir 

CTteMi.— Hy, yacB naRi xothto, a e Baci ne ocTaBJiiD OAHoro. 
HAeiTB, HAeiTB, 6e8'B bcj^rhxi pasroBopoBi. 

— Tfl^eJIO MHi^, AORTOp'B. FaAROMH^, — OTB^THJTB THXO Bo6- 

poBi, ManiHHajiBHO OAHaRO CJriAyfl 8a yBJieRaBniHirB ero Cro- 
6eeB£i]rB. 

— nycTHRR, HAeiTB! ByABTe ny^R^HHOft, nJiioHBTe... cHjih 
ecTB HOAyrB cepAeiHufl? Ilsh na cob^cth. rpoda'», — neosBAaHHO 
npoAeRJiaMBpoBaJn CRo6eeBi.— 9 Baui cefinaci yHHBepcaJiBHoe 
cpeACTBO npOHHiny, In vino Veritas. Mu, no npaBA'i CRasaTB, 
c^ aiBMi AHApe& ysme nop^AO^HO naROHBHHHJiHCB... Axi, h 

HBOTB 2Ce, RypHI^UH'B CUHl, TOHHO HI HyCTyiO 6o?Ry JIBOTB. . Hy, 

6yABTe My^HHHoft, MHJio<iRa... SnaoTe-JiH, AnApelL Bami o^ohb 
HHiepecyeTCfl. HAeiiB, HAeu'B. 

FoBopA TaRHifB oCpasoiTB, AORTopB Tan^HJn Bo6poBa vh na- 



158 PyCCKOS BOFATCTBO. 

nuaom>. On jdkjocb paxoii^* CocixoirB Asxpea Hxuu cs 
xpyroft CTopoHU OKasaiCH Anxpeik. 

AHxpelty en^e HsxajiH yfii6aBiiiiftcfl BoCpoey, nortcHSJcx, 
Hio6u AATB eiiy iribcTO, h juu:kobo noruxurL ero no caseA. 

— O^en psxB, OTOHb paxib, caxmecB n nairb no&uxa, — 
csasan okb xpy^njno6HO.— CHimanqHid nejioBin... jao6jao 
TAKHxi.. cifijiuft ^ewsirb..* KOHKSKb iiBere? 

Aflxpeit 6ujrb iiMin». Ero creuuiHHue rjuisa cipaHHo ozkbx- 
JEHC& H 6jiecTiiH Ha uo6jAjifibBmem xsn^ (toxbko notroxa 
cnycTfl craio msvbcmo^ vo aron deBynpOTHO-KoppenHiift m 
TattHTJUHBuft nMOBivb Kaxxiifi BewpB HanHBajica bi coBop- 
meHHom oxHEonecTBi xo noreps cosHasifl)... cA h b:^ canoirb 
flkitb, Mosen 6ht& CTftHen mne^ ecjui BunHTb, noxyican 
Bo6poBi. Haxo nonpo6oBaTb, TOpn bos&ioiIy 

AHxpeik xoKHjrajica ci HaRjioHeHHOft 6yiKUK0ft bi pysi. 
Bo6poBi» noxcTaBUi craRaffB. 

— Ta-an?— npoTiiHyjrb Anxpe^t, bucoko noxtmaa 6poBH. 

— TaKi, — OTBixEJH Bo6poBi Cb UmUhEOlt H spoTBOft 
yjoiOBOft. 

— All right. Jifi BOTopuxx nopi? 

— CTasaHi caMi CRasen. 

— IIpeRpacHO. MosHO noxyMaTB, ^to bh cjiysHJoi bi niBex- 
CROMi $;iorb. J^oBOJUbHo? 

— Jleftie, jieftTO. 

— A lenepb? 

— Jle&TO, H6 60ftT6€B. 

— JlpyPL MOfl, HO BU B^pOHTHO BUHycnUKH HffB BHXy, HTO 

8T0 xo6puft, cTapuft Martell, cb naTLio sBisxoHRaiiH. 

— Jleftre. He 6e8ooRofl[TecB... — H BoCpoBB noxyMajTB co 
sjiopaxcTBOEx: — ny hto jri, h 6yxf hbohb, RaRi canojRHHRiB. 
IlycTB nojiio6yeTCH. 

CraRanl^ Cujtb hojiohb. AHxpe^tmociaBEjrB CyniJiRy na ctojtb 

H CiaJTB CB JUOfiOHBITCTBOlTB E&6jnX)fifi:£b Sa CBOHMl COC^XOMl. 

6o6poBi sajinoM'B BunHJTB bhho h bbcb coxpornyjucfl otb nenpH- 

BUqRH. 

~ ^HTfl M06, y Baci HepBHRi? — cnpocHJTB Anxpe^) CepB68H0 
HorjiaxiBi wb rjiasa £o6poBa. 

— Ji,%y HepBflRB,— ^ynujio noRa^ajii roJiOBOio An^eft Hjibhtb. 

— Bb cepxi<t? 

— Aa. 

— Fm... Sna^HTB, BU xoiare eme? 

— JleftTe. 

Bo6pOBX CB acaXHOCTBK) HHJTB ROHBflRl, CiapaflCB 8a6lITBCJI. 
Ho, CTpaHHO, BHHO H6 ORaSUBaJIO Ha Hero HHRaROrO X'bfiCTBlH. 

HaoGopon, eny cranoBHJiocB en^e TOCRJiiHBie, h cjiesu en^e 6ojiBme 
acrju FJiasa. 



KOXOTb. 159 

MesAj TiiTB jmKeH pasHecjoi maimaHCRoe. RBaniHHH'b Bciarb 
CO ciyjia, xepsa XByMfl najibOiaiai CBoft 6oRajii h pasrjEAAEiBafl 
^epesi Hero ofohb BHCORaro RaHAejia6pa. Bcb satHXJiH. CjoniiHO 
^UJIO TOJIBRO, BAKh mZlAjib JTOJLb Bl dJieKipHqecBHxi ^Hapflx^ 
H 8B0HR0 CTpeKorajn HeyroMOHHuft KysfleuKi. 

RBaniHiiHi OTKanuuiJiCA. 

— MfljiocTHBUJi rocyA&puHH H MHJiocTiiBiie rocyxapH, — Hanajii 
osnb H CA&iajrb BHymHTaa&HyK) naysy. fl jij^sjo^ hhrto En Bacb 

He yCOMHHTCfl Vb TOlTb HCRpeHHeiTb HyBCTBi HpHBHaTeJIBHOCTH, 

d KOTopHtiTb fl noAEiMaio 3Torb 6oESLJrb\ SI HHKorAa He satfyny 
CA&BaHHaro imi bi HBaHKOB'b psg^ynraaro npleiia, h ceroA- 
Bflnmift ManoHBRift nHKHEKi, fijiaroAapfl o^apoBaiejiBHOft JooOes- 
HOCTH noctTHBniHXb oro ]ifiMi>j ocTaHercfl a^ Memi naBcerAa 
npiATH'bfinuH'B BocnoMHHaHleirb. IIbk) sa Bame SAopoBse, mes- 
damesl 

Ohi noAHflJii RBepxy cBOft 6oRajrb, cAiljiajTB mn> bi BOSAyx'b 
nrapoKifi nojiyi^yrb, oinHJii hsi Hero neHHoro h npoAOiiiauui'b: 

— Ki BaiTB, MOH CjiHsaflmle coTpyAHHRH h TOBapenp, 
o6pan^aK) cjiobo. He ocyAHie, ecjoi oho 6yAeirb hochib zapaR- 
Tepi HoyneHlfl. IIo jribTairb a cTapHR:B cpaBHHTejiBHO Cb 60JIB- 
mHHCTBOirb npHcyrcTByion^HX'B, & na CTapHRa sa noy^eme mojrho 
n He o6HsaTBca. 

AHApei Harnyjica ri^ yxy Bo6poBa h HpomeniajTb: 

— nOCMOTpHTe, RaRLi pOSH KkjUWTb OTOTb RaHaJIBfl Cb^- 
JKOBCRift. 

CBisoBCRift A&ftcTBHTejiBHo Bupasajii CBomrB jnii](OirB canoe 
iiOAo6ocTpacTHoe h npeyBeJiHqeHHoe BHHKaHie. RorAa BacHJiift 
TepeHTBOBHTB ynoBCflHyjTB CBoeft CTapocxH, ohb h rojiOBOft, h 
pyRaiiH Hanajni a^&tb npoiecTyion^e secTHt. 

— SI Bce-TaRE HOBTopK) cTapoe, Ha6HToe BupajReme rasei- 
HHxii nepeAOBUxi CTaxeft, npoAOJisajiB KBaniHHHB. J(epsHTe 
BticoRO name sHaiifl. He safiHtBaftTe, tto ms cojib senjoi, ^0 
Haifb npHHaAJiejRHTB GyAyniee... He mu jih onyrajQi BecB seii- 
Hoft mapB dbthio sejrbsHux'B AoporB? He mh jth pasBopsaeirB 
H^APft seMJiH H npeBpan^aeM'B ea coRpoBHn^a bi nymRH, moctu, 
napoBOSti, pejiBCHt h ROJtoccajiBHBifl MamHHu? He mu jih, HcnojiHflH 
CHJioft namero reHiH ho^th HeBipoaTraia npeAnpiJsrria, npHBO- 
AHiTB Bi ABHseme TUCflHa-MHJLiloHHue RanHTaJDu?... SnaftTe, 
rocHOAa, hto npevyApaa npapoAa TpaiHTB cboh iBopiecRifl chjoi 
Ha cosAame uiknofi Hanin tojibro m^ Toro, hto6h[ hs'b nea b^- 

JlinBTB ABa HJIH TpH A^CJITRa HSCIpaHHHROB'B. HH^flTe JRO Clfi- 

jiocTb 6uTB aTHMH HsCpaHHHRaiiH, H CHJiy, rocHOAal ypal 

— Ypal ypal— saRpH^ajiH rocrn h hsi hhxi bcIx'b rpome 
CB&ReBCRift. Bci BCTaiH CO CBOHx^ HicrB H nonuiH TORaiBca 
CB BacHJuieE'B TepeHTBeaHHeirB. 

— rnycHaa p'&hb,— CRasaJni AORiopi BnoJiroJioca. 



160 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

IlocJii^ SsaiDHHHa nosHflJicji IIIejiKOBHHKOBi H saspB^ajTB: 

— FocnoAal sa SAopoBBe Hamero yBaacaenaro naTpoaa, Ha- 
mero j^opororo yHHieJifl b bi HacToan^ee Bpeiffl Hamero aM^HT- 
piOHa. 3a sAOpOBBe BacBjda TepenTBeBB^a RBaniHBHa. Ypa! 

— ypa-a! noAXBaTBJiB eABHOAynmo Bci ofrbxaioiitie b onaTb. 
nomjiB HOKaTBC^ cb RBamHBHfiiirB. 

IIoTOHi HanajiacB KaRaa-To opriA Rpacnopi^i^. IIpoBSHOCBJUE 
TOCTU B sa ycnix'B npeAnpiHTia, b sa OTcyrcTByion^x'B aRitlOHe- 
poBi, E sa A^Mi, ynacTByion^BX'B na miEHBRi, b sa Bcixi AftB*^ 
BOo6ii^e. 

PeAepep'By BcrpefijiHeimft AK)SBHaiai, onasBiBajTB CBoe sift- 
CTBie. CnJEoniHoft rjjvb ctoajtb BinaBBjcbOHi, b cnBsepy Kaspift 
pas'B, npesAe niwb na^aTB roBopBTB, npBxosBJiocB hojlto h 
TB^eTHO CTy^aiB noxounb no CTaRany. Bi^ cropoHi, na OTxtJiBHOirK 
MajreHBKOirB croJiBRi, RpacaBei^^ MajuiepB npBroiOBMjrB b% 
6oj[Bnioft C6pe6paHHofl[ ^ani'b jRseHRy... BxpyrB obatb noAHJiJicfl 
RBamHBHi. Ha jibi^ ero Brpajia Ao6poAymHO-J[yRaBaH yjDa6Ra. 

— Mh% ohchb npiATHO, rocooAa, hto nami npasAHBRi RaRs 
pasi coBoajTB ci oahbitb TopacecTBoifB ceneftHaro xapaRiepa,— 
CRasaJi'B om> cb o6BopoacBTejiiBHoft btpbboctbio. — IIosApaBBMTe otb 
Bceft KSfuiE B noxejnaeiTB cnacTBa HapiHenHHirB xoBBxy b hb- 

B^CTi. 3a SAOpOBBO HbHU rpBTOpBeBHBE SBHeHRO B... — OWb Sa- 

]£fljiCH, noTOMy TTO nosaGujTB BMa b oinecTBO GBiseacRaro... b 
Hamero TOBapBn^a, rocaoABna CB&ReBCRaro... 

RpBRB, BCTpiTBBmle CJiOBa RBamHEHa, 6fiiJiB rbwb rpoif^e> 
HTO coo6n^eHHaa bitb hoboctb ORasajiacB cobc^itb HeoacBAaHHOft. 
AHApea, ycJiumaBmift phaomx cb coCoio BOCRjmaaHie, 6oJiie 
noxoJRee na My^rejiBHuft ctohi, o6epHyjD[Cfl b yaBA'bJi'B, hto 
6jiiAHoe JiBi^o Bo6poBa BCRpBBJieHO BHyrpenHBirB crpaAasieirB. 

— Rojoera, bu emfi He Bce sHaere, — meuHyjrB AHApeJL* — IIo- 
CJnymaftTe-Ra, h ceftiacB CRasy napy Tenjiuxi cjiobi. 

OhI yB^peHHO nOAHHJICH; ypOHBBl npB BTOBTB CBOft CTyJI'K 

B pacnjiecRaB'B nojiOBBHy 6oRajia, b BOCRJiBRHyjTB: 

— MHjnocTBBue rocyAapBl Ham% KHoroyBaacaeMufi xosasHib, 

BSX BeCBlia nOH^THOft, BOJIBEOAymHOft CRpOBHOCTB, He AOKOHUJTB 

CBoero TOCTa... Mu aojishu nosApaBBTB namero Aopororo Tosa- 
pBH^a, CiaHBCJiaBa RcaBepBeBB^a CaiseBCRaro, cb hobuitb na- 
SHaneHleiTB. C% 6yAyii^aro ifbc^i^a oh'b saftMerB oTBi^TCTBeHHuft 
nocrB yupaBJUHioii^aro jijbjidMtL npaBJienia ofin^eciaa... 9to nasHa- 
HeBie ^yAeTi, TaR^ CRasaTB, caaAeCHBiH'B noAapROMx KUfi mojio- 
ABiX'B OTB rjiy6oRoyBa2KaeMaro Bacnjila TepeHTBeBBqa... 9 BB^y 
Ha JOiJsib Hamero BucoRO^TBifaro narpona neyAOBOJiBCTBie... Bi- 
poaiHO a HenaaHHo BUAaJTB DpHroTOBJieRHBift bitb ciopnpBS'B b 
noTOMy npomy npon^ema. Ho, ABBSBMuft qyacTBOirB Apy^t^i' b 
yaaseHia, a ne Mory He noseoraTB, htoGh nanrB Aoporoft Toaa- 

PBH^'B, CiaHBCJiaB'B RcaBepBOBBHli GBixeBCRift, B Ha HOBOITB. 



MOIOXl. 161 

t^BoeiTB nonpHn^i, wb neTep6ypri, oqiaBUCH laRHitB se Aia- 
TasbHUMi pa5otHBRaEi B TaRflttT» se jDEoSHMbiicB TOBapan^eiTb, 
KaKi H sxicB... Ho A 8HaK), rocHOAa, HHKTO H31 Haci> H6 no- 
saaiij^erb CTaHHCJiaBy KcaBepbeBHiy (ohi ocTaHOBajucH h na- 
cuinuHBo nocMorpijrB Ha CBiaceBCRaro)... noiOEj ^ro Bct mh 
TaKib ApysHO jRoxaeiTB eiry Bcero, Bcero xopomaro, mo... 

Piu> ero Oujia BHeaanHO npepBana rpoMKHifB JnomaAnauMi 
TonoToicb* Hsi ^an^H toiho suasipHyjii BopxoMi na BSAuiJieH- 
Boft jromajiH RaROft-io nejiOBiRi 6e3i maoRH, ci jiiiitoii'B^ Ha 
BOTopoMT. sacTUJio, nopeROCHBi ero, Bupaaceeie ysaoa. 3io Oujui 
AecjiTiJHKT>, cjiysHBmlft y noxpHX^HRa >!l(exTepeBa. BpocHBTi Ha 
cpoAHHl njiontaxRH JiomaxB, jfpoxmmjio on yciajiocTH, ohi 
noA6isajrb Kb BacHJiiH) TepeHXBebHHy b, ^aicHJiBflpHo Harflya- 
onicB Kb ero yxy, ciajn hto-to menTaxB.,. Bb nasHJiBOHt c^t- 
jnajjiocB BApyTB cTpamHO thxo, h, RaRB paHbme, cjiuoiho 6huio 
xojuBKo niHirfaHie yroifl h nasoftJiHBuft rphri» RysHowRa. 

KpacHoe otb BHHa jihi^o RBamsHHa Ho6jii'6AHiJio, pyRH ero 
<^7AoposHo ROMRajiH caJi^eiRy. HaRoneitB oh'b CRasajTB rjiyxnacB, 
saHRaion^HHCJi rojiocoirb: 

— Focnoxal Ha saBOA^ nec^acTie. HaAO npHHHMaTB icipu... 



XI. 

Ha^ajiacB (iesTOjiROBafly naHHqecKafl cynHTHi^a. Bci hoaha- 
JHCB ci iriteTB H saC'irajiH ho naBHuoHy, TOJisaflCB, Kpaqa h 

CnOTEIRaHCB 0($B OnpOKHHJTUe CTJAH. JIfi,UbL TOpOHJIHBO Hl^^" 

BajiH ApoacaniHMH pyRaMH mjEHHKH. Kto-to pacnopflABJicfl BAo6a* 
BORi noracHTB dJieRrpHqecKie (f^OHapH, e bto en^e 6ojiBine ycHJiuo 
o6n^ee CMATeHie... B'b TeiiHOTft nocjiBimajHCB HCTepHqecRie soh- 

CKie BpHKH... 

Bbijio okojio Tpex'B "lacoBB. GojiHi^e eqe ho bcxoahjio, ho 

He6o SaM^THO HOCB^TJI&IO, UpejS^mjBkH CBOHITB CipUHB, OAHO- 

o6pa3HuirB KOJiopHToirb na^ajio HenacTHaro aha. BxiAHuft, 
TycRjajfl, OAHoo6pa8HBift nojiycBfiTB saHHMaiontarocH yTpa, Tasb 
<$BicTpo H HeosHAaHHO cifiHHBinift ApKoe ciflHie dJieKipHqecTBa, 
npHAaBajTB KapTHHi Bceo6uieft nanHRn cipaHHuft, yApy1afOI^ift, 
noqTH $aHTacTH?ecEift xapaRrepb. ^ejiOBiqecKiH ^nrypu RasajLHCB 
CHOBaBniHMH BB 668nopiiAK:6 TeMHBiMH CHjiydTaMH. HsHflTUfl (ies- 
coHHoft HouH), BSBOjrHOBaHHUJi JiHAa 6ujiH crpamHii. 06iAeH- 

HUft CTOJTB, SaJHTElft BHHOITB H CeSHOpflAO^HO 8arpOM03^(eHHUft 

HocyAofi, HanoKHHajTB o RaRoft-TO qyAOBHn^ofi, CRasouoS, 

MTHOBeHHO HpepBaHHOft OpilH. 

Orojio BRHHaseft cyMaxoxa 6iiM emfi 6e3o6pa3Hie* HcnyraH- 
HUH jomaAH xpan&Di, BSBEBajiHCB Ha m6u h ho AftsajincB sa- 
HyuuBaxB. Kojieca cvjknjuijaLCb cb KOJLecaiiH, h cjunnajicji TpecRB 

H IS. (hx«j% I. 11 



162 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

JlOMafOn^HXCH OCeft. HHSeHepU TII^6TH0 BBIRpSKHBaJDE no Elf6Haif& 

CBOHX'b EyqepoBi», 08J[o6j[6hho pyrasinHXCH Me3RA7 c66ok>. B^ 
otfmeiTb nojiy^ajiocB Bneqau'^Hie roro orjiyniHTejiBHaro xaou^ 
KOTopBift tfuBaerb tojibko na 6ojiBinHX'B HoqHux'B nosapaxi. 

Eo6poBi> HHKaffB He MOFB oTucKaTB MHTpo^aHa. Pasa aw 
HjiH Tps eMj nocj[£imaj[OCB, 6jxto ero Ey^epi OTSfiiBaeicfl ea 
spHEi, 0TKyAa*T0 Hsi caMoft cepeAHHBi nepenyraBinHxcH dSHna- 
seft. Ho npOHHKHyTB rjm ho 6wlo HHRaKofi bosmoshocth, 

nOTOMy HTO AftBSa CTaHOBHJiaCB Cb KaiKAOft MHHyTOft BCe CHJIBHJto 

H CHjnbBrie. 

BApyrb Bi> TeMHori BCtiiiixHyjrB, bucoko hs^i Tojinoft^ Kpac- 
HBOTb njutMOHeiCB oq)0]fHuft BepocHHOBEift (|)aKejrB. IIocJiuinajiHCB 
EpsKH: €ci» AoporsI Cb Aoporn! nociopoHHrecB, Focno^a! c^ ao- 
pornU CTpeMHTOjorbHaH qejoBiqecKaji BOJina, roHHMafl cnjiBHiim 
HanopoiTb, noAXBaTHjia AHApefl HjibHqa, noHeejia ero sa co6oft^ 
qyTB He c6pocHBi cb hopb, h hjiotho npHsajia MeaKAy saAROii'B 
OAHoft npojieTKH h AUtnjioirB Apyrot. Oxcio^^a Eo6povb yBHA&i'B, 
RaKi MesAy 8BHnasaHH tfiicxpo o6pa30Baj[acB mepoKaH Aopora 
H KaKi no aroft AOpori npoixajii Ha CBoeft Tpoftsi c^puxs 
jiomaAeft KBamnnHB. OaKejn, K0Jie6aBmiftcA HaA> icoJiHCKOft, * 
otfjEHBaiTB MaccHBHyio ^Hrypy BacHjiifl TepenTBeBH^ia sjiOB&itHirb, 

TO^HO KpOBaBUlTB; ApOSantHlTB CB^^TOlTb. 

BoKpyrB ero kojihcrh Bujia orb 60JIH, cTpaxa h 03j[0($jieHifl 
CTHCHyTaH CO Bcbxb CTopoHb, o6e8yMiBniaji TOJina... Y 5o6poBa 
mto TO CTyrayjio vb BHCKaxi. Ha KrHOBeme eiiy noRasajiocb, qio 
8T0 ijffiTb BOBce He KBamHHHB, a saKoe-TO ORpoBaasefiHoe, 
ypOAJiHBoe H rpoBHoe 6oacecTBo, BpoA^ rtx'b haojtobi bocto^- 

HblXl RyJBTOBb, nOAl> BOJUeCHHI^fil ROTOpUX'b 6pOCaH)TCfl BO BpeKH 

pejiErioBHfiixb npoi^eccift onBHHd^Bniie on BRcrasa ^anaTSRH... H 
OHb sasposaji'B orb GescnjibHaro 6'6meHCTBa. 

EoFAa npo:&xaji'b RBaniHHHb, cpasy CTajo neifHoro CBo6oAHte, 
H Bo6poBi, o6epHyBinHCB nasaA'B, ysHA^^) ^to AumjiOy AaBHBmee 
eHy cnnny, npHHAAJieasajio ero se co6cTBeHHOft npojiOTRi. 
HHTpO(|aH'b CTOHJTb OROJDEO ROSejTb H sasHrajTb ^aRejTb. 

— GRopj^ft na saBOA'b, MnTpo^anb, — RpHRHyjrb AHApeft 
HjibHHi, ci^CB.— %06'b qepesi a^chtb MHHyn nocn^TB, cjeki- 
nramb? 

— Gjnymaio-ci, — OTBiTHJTbMpa^HoMHTpo^aH'b. Okb o((omejrb 
npojiOTRy Rpyroirb, Hro6u BBJi'fisTb na robjeu, RaRi noAotfaerb 
BCflROMy xopomeny Ry^epy, cnpaBa, pa8o6paj['b bobsh h npn- 
OaBHai, nojiyo6epHyBniHCb HasaAi: 

— TojDU>RO eacejiH jiomaAoft sapiseirb, bu TorAa, 6apaHb, 
He cepqaftie. 

— P4ab, Bce paBHo. 

OcToposcHO, Cb rpoaaAHbiirb ipyAOVb Bbi6paBinHCb hbi droft 
Kaccbi c6HBaiHXCfl b'b Ryqy jiomaAet h BRHnaseft h BbiixaBi> h& 



HOJiorB. 163 

78RyH> jribcHyio Aopory; MHTpo^am. nycran bossh. SacTOflBrnkca, 
B086yaweHH£iH jiomaAH noAXBaiHJiH, h naqajiacB cyiiacQieAinaH 
cKa^Ea. IIpojieTKa noAnpurHBa^a sa xjuhhruxi, npoTAHyBoiBxcH 
nonepen xoporH EopsHxi, pacKaTUBaoacb Ha yxa6ax'B h CBjibHO 
HaKpeHAJiacB to Ha jriBuft, to na npasut 6orb, sacTaBJiAH h 
Byqepa, h cfiAOKa 6ajiaHCHpoBaTB. 

EpacHoe HjiaMH ^aKOJia MerajiocB bo bcA cTopoHU cb 6yp- 

HUHB pOnOTOlTb. Buf&CTh CB HHMB MeTaJIHCB BOKpyPB HpOJIOTKH 

AJiHHHUfl, npH^yAJiHBEiH T^HH AepeBBOBB... RasaJiocB, TicHaa 

TOana KaKHX'B-TO BBICOKHXl, TOHKHXIi H paCHJIBIBTOTEIXB HpH- 
SpaROBB H6CJUICB pHAOMB CB HOft BB SaSOfi-TO Heifooft HJUiCBi. 

IIpnapaKH to neperoaflJiH jiomtMefi, BupocTafl ao AcHOJiflHCRirxB 
pasirbpoBB, to BApyrB ni^ajui na 9euJSJ0 h, fiucTpo yveHBoiaHCB, 
HcqeaajDB sa CQHHOft Eo6poBa, to satfj^raoiH sa hAcrojibko cesynAB 
BB qan^y h ohhtb Bnesanno noHBjifljiHCB obojio caiiofi npojieTKH, 

TO CABHrajULCB TiCHBOIH pHAaMH H HOEaiSBaJIHCB, H BSAparHBaJIH, 

To^iHO nepemenTBiBaHCB o qoMB-To HosAy co6oio... H^ckojibko 
pasB B^TBH HacTaro KycTapHHKa, osatiuiflBinaro Aopory, xjie- 
cTajiH MHTpo(|aHa h 6o6poBa no jumajiB, 6yAT0 ^bh-to i^inKiii, 
toheIh, npoTJiHyTUH BnepeA> pyRH« 

JliCB KOHUjicH. JIomaAH samjienaJiH HoraMH no Kasoft-To 
jiysi, BB KOTopoft sanpsrajio h 3apfl6Hj[0CB 6arpoB06, OjiecT^n^ee 
njiavfl (j^asejia, h BApyrB Apya^HEiiiB rajionoiiB BUBesjiH'Ha npy- 
Toft npHropoEB. BnepeAH pascTHjuutocB qepHoe, OAHOo6pa8Hoe 
nojie. 

— Jl^a noroHHft ase, MHTpoij^aHB, mi cb to6oh> HHEorAa ne 

AO'iAeMB, — RpHRHyjTB Eo6pOBB HOTepn&IHBOy XOTH npOJECTKa H 

6esB Toro necjiacB TasB, hto A^ixaHie saxBaTUBajio. MHTpocj^asB 
npoBop^iajiB qTO-To neAOBOJiBHuirb 6acoiiB h yAapajTB KHyTom 
^opsaiepa, CRaEaBmaro, HdornyBfflHCB EOJiBitoirB, na npHCTflast. 
Ky^epB HOAoyM^BajTB: hto CA^JiajiocB cb ero 6apaH0MB, BcerAa 

JLH)5HBmH]CB H SaJL^BniHirB CBOHXB jioQiaAeft. 

Ha ropHsoHTi orpOMHoe sapeso OTpasajiocBHepoBnuMB Tpe- 
neTanieMB bb nojayntHXB no He6y TyqaxB* Bo^poBB rjuiA^'^ sa 
BcnuxHBaion^ee He6o, h TopsecTByion^ee, Hexopomee sjiopaACTBO 
mesejrajiocB bb hcmb. ^epsRift, secTOEift toctb AHApe4 cpaay 
OTEpHfjTB eiiy rjiasa Ha see: h sa xojioAHyR) CAepsansocTB Hehbi^ 
HnpoAOJisenie HUHiinHHro Bo^epa, h Ha HeroAOBame oh MaManiH 

BO BpeMH MaSypEH, H Ha &IIH30CTB Gsi^SeBCEarO EB BacHjdiD 

TepoKTBeBHqy, jeTna B&k cjiyxH h cnjioTHH, xoAHBmie no saBOAy 
o&h yxasHBansH caMoro EBamHsna sa HHHoft... cTasB h naAO 
eny, TaEB h naAO puseMy qyAOBHntyi, menrajiB Eo5poBB, on^y- 
n^a^ TaROft npfljniBB 8Jio6u h TaEoe * rjiytioEoe cosname CBoero 
yHBHcenifl, ^to Aftse BopTy y Hero nepecoxjio. ^0, ecjotn 6u uBi 
TenepB bctp^thtbca cb hhmb jibii;omb eb jaaijy & 6u da aojeto 
CMYTHjrB caMOAOBOiBHBift HOEoft dTOFO noEynaTejui CBisaro HHca^ 

11* 



164 PyCCROS BOrATGTBO. 

yroro rpiiBHaro, SBpnaro iri^mKa, ^stkoitb Ha6HTaro sojOTom. 
SI 6h ocTaBHjTb xopomyK) neuTB Ha ero m^xhomi^ Ji6yl.. 

^pesMtpHoe xojiH^ecTBo BBinsTaro ceroAHJi BEHa He ohbji- 
HHJio AHApefl KiBHqa, ho A^ficTBie jbfo BupadHJiocB fl neotfuqaft- 
hovb no;Q»eiii^ anepriH, wh HeTepnd^HBOfl h 6ojii8HeHHOft asasA^ 
XBBseHia... CnshEui 08Ho6'b uoTpac&n ero t&io, dy6u Tasi 

€HJIIH0 CTy^aJUE, ^TO npHXOAHJIOCb EpiUKO CTHCEHBaiB qejTIOCTH, 

MUCJiB paCoTaja tfucrpo, «pRO h (esnop^AOHHO, BaBB bi ropjiut. 
AHApefi HjLBHqB, nesajiiTHo jpa caNoro ceCn, to pasroBapHBajTb 

BCJyXl, TO CTOHajfl) TO rpOMBO H pTpUBHCTO CMilTJICH, MOSAJ 

T^Mik, RBKb najDiiiii ero cjAopoacHO csHMaiHCB rb KyjiasH. 

— BapMHB,AftBH, HBEasB, 6oja>Bu? HauB 6u AOMofi ixaTB, — 
^sasajTB HecM^JO MflTpo<j^aHB. 

3th cjiOBa BApyrB npHBejra Eo6poBa bi fiOHCTOBCTBO, h okb 
BaKpHHaJKB xpHHjio: 

— MojiiaTB-. ^opTBl.. Cb BOsejiB c6pomy!.. FohhI.. 

CKOpO CB rOpU CTaJlB BHACHB H BeCB SaBOAB, ORyTaHHUft 
JfOJIO^HO-pOSOBUMB A^MOITB. CsaAH, TO^HO HCnOJUBHCKlft BOCTepB, 
ropiJTB JliCHOft CKJiaAB. Ha ^PKOHB ^OHift OTEH CyeTJHBO Kono- 

HiHJiocB MHOsecTBO MajieHBKHXB, qepHBixi qejtOB^qecKHXB ^HryprB. 
En^e HSxajDLH 6ujio cjiumHO, EasB Tpen^ajio bb njiaMeHH cyxoe 
xepeBO. Kpyrjuifl 6amHH saynepoBB h xoMeHHuxB neqeft to 

ptSEO H OTqOTJIHBO BfilABHrajEHCB B8B MpaRa, TO OHHTB COBepmOH- 
HO TOHyJIH BB HOUB. 

— Ryxa Te6a necerB, sbaBOjrbl He bhxhihb, pasBi, iro 
ijkemh na jooAeft, cbojio^b npoEJHTa^! — yciBimajii Bo6poBB 
BHepeAH rpy6£ift obphkb b bb ly ace MBnyTy, tohho BUHBipnyBB 
H8B noAB jiomaAeft, noKasajicH na Aopori pocjiuft, fiopoAaiuft 
iiysHRB, 6e3B maoKH, cb rojcoBoft, cnjiomB sadHHTOBaHHOft 6&[hmh 
ipjinicauH. 

— HoroHflft, MHTpo^aHBl— RpHKHyjTB BodpoHB. 6b xy ace 
ceKyHAy ohb ycjuumajiB cbhctb 6ponieHHaro csasH KauH>i h 
HoqyBCTBOBajL'B ocTpyH) 60JIB yxapa HOMHoro Bume npaBaro BHCRa. 
Ha pyRift, ROTopyH) ohb noxHecB rb ymH($jieHHOMy Mi^cTy, OEa- 
sajiacB Tenjiaa, jmnRan RpoBB. 

HpojieTRa OHflTB noHeciacB cb npesnefi 6ucTpoToft. Sapeso 
^sraHOBHjiocB Bce CHjtBHift. JI^jiHHHBifl t£hh otb jDLOioaAeft nepe- 
4iivBJLE Cb OAHOft CTopoHu AopoFH Ha ApyryK). BpeMenaHH 
6o($poBy HaHHHajio xasaTBCH, hto ohb mHTCfl no RaROMy-To 
KTiyTOHy Rocoropy h botb-botb, bm^ctjE^ cb dRHnasoMB h jiomaAiBMH, 
noJieTBTB CB OTB:&CH0fl Rpy <iH BB rjy6oRyK) nponacTB. Ohb coBepmeH* 

HO nOTepflJIB CHOCO6HOCTB OpieHTHpOBaTBCH H HHRaRB He MOFB 

ysnaTB Micra, no ROTopouy HpoissajiB. BApyrB jiomaAH CTa^iH. 

— Hy qero se tu ocTanoBHjicfl, MHTpo^asB?— paaApaa^H- 
^leuHo saRpn^ajTB Bo6poBB. 



Moxorb. 165 

— A Ryxa asi a u&bjsj, eojeh Bnepe^H jteosh?— orosBajics 
MHTpo^airb ch yrpioMuirb osjiotfjiemeirB fb rojioci... 

EoCpOVB, KaiCb HH BCMaTpKBEJICA Vh TeMHOTy, HflqerO H6 
3HX&rB, KpOMi KaROfl[-TO ^epHOft HOpOBHOft CI^HBI, Haffb KOTOpOlO 

njiaiieB^jio He6o. 

— RaKHxi Tu Tam enie JnoAeft bhahbib, Hoprb bosbhh, — 
Bupyrajicfl osb, cjisaa cb npojierss h o6zoah Jiomaseft, no- 

EpUTUrb 6ftj[fiIMH KOKBBMH jAOKl. 

Ho exBa oHib OTomejrb datb maroBB on Jioniaseft, issjeh 
j&bjiMJiCB, wo TO, qTo 0B^ npBHHMajTb sa HepHyso criny, 6ujia 
tfojiBinaH, TicHaa TOjina pa6oqHxi, sanpysaBinaH xopory k m6a- 
jieHHO, B'B MOJiqafliK, noxBHraBmaiicfl Bne^ejpu IIpoftxH, iianxH- 
HBJiBHO, Boiixb sa patfoqHUH marovb UHTBsecflTB, AHApeft 
Ennvh noBepHyjTb HasaAi*, ^ hto6ei HaftxH MiiTpo^aHa a o6^- 
toaTB saBOA^b Cb xpyroft ' cropoHu. Ho hh Mirrpo^aHa, he jo* 
maAoft Ha AOpor& ho 6ujio« MsTpo^affB-jnH no'ixajrb vh Apyryio 

CTOpOHy OTUCKHBaTB 6apBHa, HJ[H CaiTB BoCpOBTB 8a6j[yAHJICfl — 

piitfBTB aioro AHApeft Hab^^b ho hopb. Ohi crajTB KpH^aTb 
Byqepa— HHKTO eiiy He OTSJiHBajiCH... TorAa Bo6poBi pdlniHjrB 
AornaiB tojibbo ^to ocraBjieHHBixi pa6o(|]ix'B h cb aioft v(bjihH> 
OHHTB noBepnyjiCfl h no6ixajrB, KaBi» eiiy xasajiocB — bb npes- 
HEOfo CTopoHy. Ho — CTpaHHO — pa6oqie Tose npoBaJOuiHCB xona 
CRB08B seiuio, H BM^CTO HHXi Bo6poBi yHopcfl CB pa36iry B1^ 
HeBBicoKiB) Aep^BUHHuft 3a6opB. 

5o6povB nepejr&TB qepesb nero h CTan Bs^HpaTBCfl no 
KaEOEy TO AJiHHHOMy, KpyTOMy OTEOcy, nopocQieMy qacTBUTB 
6ypBflH0]ffB. XoJiOAHEift noTB crpyHjiCH uo ero JHi^y, hseibb bo 
pTy CA'^jLajicfl cyrB h HenoABHseffB, ebeb EycoEB Aepesa* B'b 
rpyAH npB Eaa^oirB bbaox'I ontyniiajiacB ocrpaa 6ojiib. KpoBB 

CHJIBHUMH, qaCTBIMH yAapaHB 6KJLB, Vb TeMH. yiHHfijieHHBlt BHCOEB 
HeCiepUBMO HBUTB.*. 

EMy EasajiocB, mio noAieiTB CesEOHeqeHX, h Tynoe OTqanme 
OBiBAiBaxo ero Aynioft. Ho ohi npoAOJiasajTB Eapa^EaTBCH na- 
BeprB, e»eMHHyTHo naAaa, ccaacHBaH eojbAbh h j[oeth h xaa- 
TaflCB pyEBMH sa sojoBoqie EyciEi. BpeM6HaMH eiiy HpeAeTaBjiHjiocB, 

qTO OHb CHHTB H BHAHTB OAHHl H8b CBOHrB JUXOpaAOUBIXB, 

6ojrft8H6HHiiirB CHOBTB. H nBHsqecEifi nepenojiox^ nocjrift nHEHHEa, 
H AOJiroe ((jiysAaHie no AOporb, h 6e3S0HeqH06 Eapa6EaHBe no 
HacBinH— Bce Gbijio TaEB so thscjio, Hejr&no, HOOs^AaHHO h 
ysacHO, EaEi bth Eoomapfii. 

HaEOHei(B OTEOiTB sonqsjicfly n 6o6poBB qiasy ysnajTB acejr&sHO- 
AoposnyK) nacBinB. CoBepmeHso otiescnjieHHuft, okb cbn na 
mnajDiy, h bi Ty se MnnyTy ctb hhhb npoHBOinjio tto-to CTpan- 
Hoe. Horn ero BApyrB 6ojrk8HeHHO ocjLt^jiEy bb rpyAH h bb 
6pK)mHoft nojiocTH hohbhjiocb THryqee h nfeMBotee OTBpaTHTeiB- 
Hoe pasApasesie, jlo&b h n^OEH cpa8ynoxoJioAiAH...UoTOMi» bco 



166 : PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

noBepHyjiocB uepexb ero rjiadaim h BiixpeirB noHeuocB memo, 
KjAa-TO vh tfeanpeA'&uuiyH) rji[y6HH7«.. 

AHApefl HjaHHi OHHyjiCH on o6MopoKa, no KpaftHeft Hibpi, 
MHHyn qepesi xecflTB. Bhesj, y. nosHoasia HacunH, tain>, ryfe 
o6uKHOBeHH0 cb HecHOJiKaeMmrb rpoxoroirb jsfiwb h hou pa6oTajn> 
HcnojHHCidfl saBOA'Bi rocnoACTBOBajia Heotiti^Hafl, syrKafl THmHHa. 
Eo6poBi> ci TpjAOMi noAHiurcH na hofh h nomejDb no nanpaB- 
jDieHiH) Kb AOMeHHLiii'b ne^aiTb. FojiOBa ero 6ujia TaK^ Tflsejia, 
^To ci> TpjAom A^psajiacb ea naenaxib, 6oshnofL bhcobi npH 
KasAOMi ABHSOHiH npH^HHflXb HeBUHocHuyio 6osh. OntynuBafl 
paHy, OETb onflTb nonyBCtBOBajTb najibiiaMH jiHiucoe h Tenjoe npa* 
KocHOBeHie KpoBv. EpoBB (buia TaKse y Hero bo pTy h na 
rytfaxi: ORb cjoimajii ea cojieHiifty MeTaJMra^ecKift BKycb. Co- 
SHame en^e He bhojih^ Bepnyjiocb Kb Heiiy, h ycHjde BcnouHHTb 
H yflCHHTb npomeAinee npi^HEHjio eMy cBLibHyio roj[OBHyK) 6ojib. 
OcTp&fl TocKa fl oTWflHHafl, He^iejiOBllqecKafl uotfa nepenojraflJiH 
ero Aymy. 

Yvpo yse saniTHO CjiHSHJotocb. Bee tfujio cipo^ xojioaho h 
MOKpo: H seiuiH, b He6o, b Ton^an, sejrrafl TpaBa, h 6e8^opHeH- 
HiiJi EyHH KaMHJi, CBajiOHHaro no cropoHaicb Aoporn. Bo6poB'b 
CesniuibHO 6pOAHJi'b uexsj onyerJ^BniBX'b saBOACBHXb SAanift h, 
KaKb BTO cjiy^aeTCJi nnorAa npn oco<$eHHO CHjibHUZ'b AymeBHUXi 
noTpaceHiHxi>, roBopHjrb cairb cb co6ok> Bcsyxi. Eiiy xoT&ioeb 
yAepsaTB h AHCi^BnjiHHHpoBaTb pasSiraBiniacfl mucjih. 

— Hy, cxaacfl-se, cKasH, <ito mh^ A'^aib? CKasH, paAH 
Bora, — CTpacTHo meniajTb om, o6paniaiicb Kb Koify*TO APyrony, 
nocmopoHHeMffj xaKb 6yAT0 6u ceA^BmeMy BsyTpH ero. — Axis, 
KaKb- ubA Msejiol Axi, KaKbimi 6oj[bHO... HeBbiHOCBOio 6ojrbHoI.. 
Mni KaaseTCiiy h y6bH) ce6ji... SL ne BUAopsy btoA MyKH... 

A Apyroft, nocmoponniu BospasajTb hsb rjEy^HHU ero xjmR, 
TaKJRe ecAyxh^ ho HacMimjiBBO, rpy6o: 

— H^brb, TBI H6 y6benib ce6H. Saqiirb nepeAb co6ofi to 
npHTBopflTbca?.. Tbi cjiamRoirb joo6Hnib o^yn^eHie sbshh au 
TOro, qTo6bi y6ETb ce6fl. Tei cjramKoirb HeHon^esb Ayxoirb axa 
BToro. Tbi cjusmKoiTb CoHinbCii ^HSH^ecKoft 6oj[h. Tbi cjmniKoirb 
MHoro paBMEinuEflemb. 

— Hto se mh4 A*JMiTb? ^To ae mh* A*-JaTb? — menrajiB 
onaTb AHApeft HjibHii, aoMa^ pysH. — Ona, TaKan H^fisHan, 
TaKan ^Bcia^— moh HnHa, ona Cbuia y mohh oAHa bo BceMi> 
]dp6. H BApyrb — o saKan raAOCTbl — IIpOAaTb cboio MOJioAOCTb) 
CBoe A'^BCTBeHHoe T^jio nepBOMy Bcrp'^^HOMy, neHacbiTHOMy, 
rp^sHoiiy cjiacTOJiio6iqr.«. Ilojuy^aTB HajiHqHbiMH A^Hbraiui 8a 
Ka»Abifi noK&iyfl, sa KaxAoe ofi^JiTiel.. 

— He jioHafiCB, ne jioMaficfl, Kb qeiiy ara a$(|eRTaiqH crapuxB 
MejiOApaiiB, HpoHHiecEB roBopHjii dpytou.-^^tJOL tu TaKB He- 
HaBBABmb RBamHBHa, hoah h y6eft ero. 



MOioxi. 167 

— 2 76BK)!— saKpaqajTb EofipOBi), ocraHaBJULBancB e 6i^nie- 
HO noxuMaH Ksepxy KyjiasE. — Jl y6bH)l, IlycTB obi> h6 sapa- 
^aerb 6oJBine necTH&ix'b jtioAefi cbokmi MepsKHMi A^x&HieMb. n 
j6i>H)! 

Ho dpyiofl sairfiTBji'b cb jiAOBHTtiifL capKa3M0in>: 

— He y6bemb... H OTjLHqHO SHaemb bto. Y Te6a niTb hh 
AepsKoft pimHMocTH, HH CHJiu*.. 3aBTpa-»e Te6i Bce axo no- 
KasercH nycTUHb tipeAOMb... SaBipa tu OHHib 6yx6inb 6jiaro- 
pasyMeHb h cjia6'b... 

CpeAH 9Toro yasacnaro cocTOHHin BHyrpeHHHro pasABoeniji 
HacTynaJiH HHHyTHiie npo6jiecKH, Korxa Bo6poBb cb HeAoyMiaieirb 
cnpamHBajTb c66ji: hto cb HHMb, h xaKb OHb nonajib ciOAa, h 
^To eify HaAO ghjiBLTh? A CAi^jiaTb hto-to nysHO 6ujio He ape- 

MtHHO, CA'&JaTb qTO-TO 6ojIbIH0e H BaSHOe, HO HTO HMeHHO, — 

Eo6poBb 3a6ujib H^opn^HJiCH orb 6ojih, crapancb BcnoMHSTb. 

Bb OAHHb H8b TaKHXb CBiTJIUXl HpOMesyTEOBb OHb yBBA&Eb 

ce6& cTOAO^HMb HaAb EonerapHoft HHoft. Eicy TOiqacb ace Cb 
HGo6£iqaflHoft npROCxbH) BcnoMHHJicfl HOAaBHift pasroBopb cb 
AOKTopoub Ha BTOHb caHOMb uiciA. 

BHBsy HHEoro H3b EoqerapoBb ne 6£iJio; Bci ohh pasfitoajiHCb. 
KoMbi a&bho ycn&iH oxjaAtTb. TojibEO Bb AByxb Epa&HHXb tqh- 
Kaxb en^e pA'^b eae-ejie EaMeHHuft yro^b... BedyMHaji Mucjiby 
BApyrb, EaEb MoaHin, MeabEHyjia Bb Mosry AnApen HjubEqa. Ofib 
6ucTpo narnyacH, cBi^cHjrb hofh BHHdb, noTOirb noBHCb Ha py- 
Kax'b H cnpurnyjib Bb EO^erapKy. 

Bb Eyq:6 yrjiH 6ujia BoiEnyTa jionaia. Bo6poBi> cxBaTHJib ee 
H ToponanBUMH ABHSOHiflMH HpHHAjiCH noA^pacBiBaTb yrojib Bb 
06a TonowuH OTBepcriH... ^epesb ab^ MHHyTU 6^oe, 6ypHoe 
njiaiiH .yse ryA'^ao Bb TonEaxb, a Bb E0Tjr6 rayxo satfypanjia 
BOAa. Bo6poB^ Bce 6pocajrb h 6pocajrb, jionaiy sa aonaToft, 
yrojib. Bb TO trb BpeHA ORb jiysaBO yjiii6&icfl, EHBajrb Eony-To, 

HeBHAHMOMy, rOJUOBOft H HdA&BaJIb OTpHtBHCTUfl, 6e8CMBieaeHHIiIH 

BocEjiHuaHiii. BojiisHeHHaH ^aJUIio^^Ha^iH, MeJEbSHyBinaH en^e 
Taifb, Ha Aopori, OBjiaA'iBajia Hub Bce 6ojite. Ohi cHOip'ijrb na 
orpoMHoe irLio EOTjia, HaqHHaBinaro ryA^xb h ocBin^aTbCfl ornen- 
HBiMH oxfijiecsauH, H OHO EasajiKocb eny Bce 6osie aEHBUMb h Hena- 

BHCTHUMb... 

— Aral BoTb nil nocHOTprarb ceftqacb, Bon nocuoTpHirb, 
pusee, nposopjiHBoe qyAOBHii^et.. no6oj[bQie ornfi, neHHoro 
xoaoAHoft BOAu, H Bifi^CTO HeHacEiTHaro qpena— TUCHqH oceoji- 
EOBb... Al TBI d^xajib ceroAHH Bb CBoeft sojiiecHHi](i, a BOEpyrb 
TicHHjiHCb TBOH saade pa6u«.. A! Tu jiiotfHnib noqerb. Kb 
Te6i noAXOAHTb ne HHaqe, san nojissoMb... Te6'bcT0HTb TOAbso 
meBejiBHyTb najibAeiirb, h MaxepH npsHOCflTb na iBoft rpHSHBift 
HpecTOJi'b CBOBXb HeBHHHuxb Aoqepefl... Moaoxb, MoaoxbL. Ha 
fiOTb cefiqacb, hu nocMorpHMbl 



168 PyCCKOB BOrATCTfiO. 

Hhkto He uimajTb. Bo^a 6ucTpo y6aBjMJiac& n BOAOMipi..^ 
EjioKOTame kotm k rjA^Hie tonoKb cjuuincb n orjLynmTeji&Hut- 

jysTB. 

Ho HenpHBU^iHaH pa6oTa csopo yroMHjia 5o6poBa. ffiuu 

B^ VECKBXb CTaJIH njJIBCHpOBaTb Cb ropfl^e^HOft 6£ICTpOTOft H 

HanpHJKCHHOCTbH), KpoBB H81 paHH noTeua no merf Teajioi 
crpyeft. BeayiiHaa BcnuioKa BHeprin nponua, a BHyxpeHHift, 
nocmopoHHiH rojioci BarOBOpnjTB rpouKO h HacM^nunHBo: 

Hy, wo ae, — ociaercH CA&iaTB oaho eme ABHseniel Ho- 

TH ero He cjcftjaemB. ByAerb! B4ab bco aro cMiaiHo, h saerpa 
ra He DocirleniB Aaace opHdHaTBCH^ ^to hohbh) xortjni BspuBaTB 
napoBueKOTJiiii.- 

GoJiHi^e yse noKasajiocB na ropHSOHri vh bha^ Tycsjiaro, 
rtojTBraoro HflTHa, Korja AnApeft HjiBHqii npmnejrb bti saBOACKyw 

(SoJTBHHIiy. 

JI^OKTopi, TOJiBKO ^To OKOH^HBinift nepcBHSKy paHesuxi, 
ymiBaJTB pyra noA> lAAHHMi pyKOHOftHHKoirb. ^ejiBAmepB ctom-b 
piiAOiTB H AepaaJTB ^OJIO^eH^e. yBHA^BB BomeAinaro Bo6poBa, 

AOKTOpT) nOHHTHJICJ! HasaAl 0TB HsyiiJieHk. 

— ^TO Ch BaiiH, AHApeft HjiBaq'Bi Ha Baci jEHi^a hAtb, — 
nporoBopHJi'B OHi CB Hcnyrom. 

Jl^ficTBHTejiBHO, BHAi* y Bo6poBa 5£urB ysacHBift... KposB 
saneKJiacB qepHHMH crycTKaMH Ha ero 6jiiAH0ifB sms^k^ Buna<i- 
KaHHoiTBBo MHOFHrB Miciaxi yiojiBHoft HHJiBH)... MoKpafl OAe»Aa 
BHdftjia KJioqBHMH Ha pyBasax'B h na KOjuinnxB. Boaocu ns^ajiH 

(JesnopifAOTOHMH npHAHMH Ha jiodB. 

— Jta roBopHTe «e, AnApefi HjiBaqi, paAH Bora, ito Ch. 
BaMH cjryHHJiocB? — noBTopHjn CKo6eeBi, HacKopo BUinpafl pyKK 
R noAXOAH K'B BoCpOBy... 

— Axi, wo Bce nycMKH... — npocTOHajcB BoCpoBi. —PaAH 
Bora, AOBTopi, Aatee Hop^Jin... CKopie, Mop$ia, hjlh h coftAy 
CB yMa... fl HOBBipaBHuo crpaAaio. 

CKoCeeKB BSHJTB AHApea HjiBHqa sa pyKy, nocniniHO ynejTB 
Bi Apyryio KOHHaTy, h hjiotho npHiBopHKb ABopB, CKasajsi: 

— nocjiymaftTe, a AoraAHBaiocb, ito BacB TepsaerB... Hor 
Bi^pBTe, mh4 BacTi MytfoKO aajiB, h a roroBi hohoib BaM^,.. 
Ho... rojiy6yniKa moh,— b-b rojioci AOKTopa nocJiumaJiHCB cjiesH... 
MHJi&ift Moft AHApeft HjEbBHi... He MOKeie-JiH BH nepeiepniTB 

RaKB HHCyAB..- Bh TOJIBEO BCnOMHHTe, CKOJIBKHX'B HaMB TpyAOB*. 

CTOHJO no6opoTB BTy noranyio npHBHiKyl B4ab ocjih a Bans. 
lenepB cA*JiaH) HHBeiciuH)... bh yae (JojoMie HHKorAa... noHHr- 
xaeTe, HHKorAa He oTCTanere^. 



MOIOXB. 16^ 

Bo6povb noBajDUCii na nrnpoKifi:, oeeHqaiuft AHBani^ jiHi^on 
BHH81 H npo6opHOTajii CKBOdB CTHCHyTue dy6iii, Becb xposaoTb 
08Ho6a: 

— Bee paBHO..« mh^ bc6 paBHO, AOKTOpb.*. 9 He Mory 

tiOJIbme BUHOCHTb... 

^OKTopx BSAOXHyjTb, HOsajTb njieqaHH h BEiHyjrb hsi Me^B- 
AHHCEaro niKa^a ^yijuflp'^ cb npaBacoBCRHMi mnpaueifb... ^epesii 
HATB MHHyTb Bo6poB% yse jneacajTb Ha oeeHUToirb AHBaui b^ 
rjiy6oKOHi^ ch^... CjiaAKaH yjnifiKa arpaJia na ero (ji'^ahomi^ 
HcxyxaBineHi sa ho^b, jihi^. ^oxropB ocToposHO odMuaaJirB era 
roJUOBy... 

A. KynpNHi. 



KyeiapHafl npoMHnuieHHoerb Ha bh- 
CTaBK* 1896 r. 



06xoAfl ci npaBoft oropoHn otb Bxo^a Epyrioe i^eHrpaxBHoe sxa- 
Hie $a6pnqHO-3aBOACsaro OTAiia BBiciaBRH 1896 r., sanflBniee sna- 
qEiejiBHyD ^aoTb en luon^aAH, jcTaBieHHoe pookobihumh, ^oporo 

CTQK)II^[MH BRTpHHaHH $a6pHRaHT0Bl H MaHy^aSTypHGTOBl, UpOTHBli 

OAHoro H31 BHXOAOBi 8Toro SAasifl, uemjsj BRHnaasHiiiM'B ot^'I^oitb e 
ti&raiTB HHHaperoBiTi Ho66JieBcsaro naBHJiBOHa, noctTHTOAB ^HaxoAHJTB 
He6oj[Bino6 h He dpocann^eecfl wh naaa 3AaHie OT^^a KycTapHaro. 
l^cHora BHyrpeHHflro noHin^OHiH, ne^ipOTa h ofiuie caMuxi pa3H0- 
o6pa3HtfliiiHXi nsA'&nfl, cooxaBJiflBntHX'B OAHOBpeiieEHO y6paaoTBO i 
co^epsaHie oT^tka, 6kulo nepBUBTL, ^ro nopasa^o spHTOJUi. Tjiasa 
pastiiraJiHOB, OTsaauBaaoB oxBaTHTB naBHoe Bi stoitb ii3o6HJdH bu- 
oraBjeHHHXib npeAHoroBi h He saj^epsHBaflCB no;(i» nepBHiTB Bne^a- 
tjorfaHieiTB Ha ^acTHOOTflxii. CjT'lBa n cnpaBa on Bxe^a — ^;Q)aiiBpoBKH 
H3i> BsnnHTEEX'B HOJiOTHHni^ii H pasHOi^BlTHoft capnHHKH, onycKannUflCH 
00 criH'B H noTOJEsa; na nepBOMi DJiani— ctojiu h He6oJBniifl bhtpbhh 
ci BHiDHBaHiBKH, BflsaHiflMH H KpyseBavH, a Ha 3a;^HeMi>— ropsH to- 

^eHUXl AOpeBflHHBlX'B H3;^Jlifi, 6jeCTflII^EX'B H^AHBIX'B oaMOBapoB^ 

pasHocopTHue hose naBjEOBcsoft apreiH, B-fiepaMH paonojioseHHHe sa 
cTOKJiaHH Ha TeMHOHi 6apxaTb, pasinqHUH yEpamenifl h Benp hst* 
ypaiBOKHxi EaiiHefl, E3A|jdfl eRaxepEHfiyproRHXi rpaQEJK»n^EBOB'B e 
np. fl np. noAaBiHECB vb 6oKOBHa ^aciE oi^iiia, nociiHreiB Haiax- 
EEBaiofl Ha en;e 6oxbmee pa8Hoo6pa3ie. Ha jAbo ovl BxojifiL — ota^Jei 
HE»eropoAOSoft ry6epHiH, sycTapHUE Edjsjbjan KOTopod^ B'b cairax'B ne- 
oaHflaHHHxi coHeraHiExi, sanoJiHHioTB Boe cBo6offHoe otb npoxoflOBi 

npOCrpaHCTBO: BI BUJA TEpSMBJSfil E81» naBJlOBCKEX'B SaUROBIb CBlniH- 

BaK)TCfl ci» nonepe^suxi fiaioR'B, ysopaiin esi cEMneTpHqecRE eoao- 
6paHH£ixx Hosei e HoaKHnr^ noRpuBanrB crbnu, nEpauBA&i^ h3X jsfi- 
peBEHHuxi qameRi noAEHMauToa ri noioiRy, osepeiiflME Barb 6y6eE- 
^EROBi fl noJuyRpysieiTB paaHOcopTHuxii ceHeHOBCRSX'B jrosoRi o6paE- 
jfaioTB apRE, TEsejioft MaHriex) h3'b 61iux'b h xeHEUx'B nixoB'B saKpu- 
BauTB BuxoAi. HanpaBO otb BXOAa HauHaexcE o6jiiacTB RycTapnaro 
OTA^ia BflTORofi ry6epHiE, oTRpHBaacB i^oi rociEHOft RpacEBOfi, 



EyCTAPH^ nPOMUmJIEHHOGTB HA BilCTABK'B 1896 T. 171 

o6pa3ii,OBofi Hefiejra h, nocreneHHO, paaoitb nepenoiHeHHuxB HSAtjiiflMii 
BasoyjuKOBi), pa86HBaflCB sa KOJueKiiiH rapMOHifi, poroBuxi h xano- 
^fixi HSAiiift, FHneoBux'B oraTyeTOR'B, njfeieHHX'L' EopsHH'B, fiypaKOBi 
H BceBosMOSHUx'b npeAMOTOBib HSii AopoBa. BuiAfl HBi npasaro Kpuia 
noiiiii^eHifl Bi* oepe^^HHj ero, bh yse coBctirL nonaAaere KaEi> 6u 
Vb yrojiosi ceJObCRott apMapsH. dsHnasH, ^poH03AflI^ieca oahhi Ha 
jq^yrofi, Kojoteoa, npoA^^Tzia Ha 0006EU pasBHJiHHK, 6o?kh, 6oqeHKH, 
ipy6oBaTo cKoio^eHHaa HefiejOr, porosaicH sacTJiaHHHH neperopoASH. 
dio— yrojEOR'B KasaHOKoft ry6epHui. A tdkWb onarb vbvso HOBoe — aa 
oreKJiaMH npocTeHbKHrb bhtpehi AemeBHH cepefipiiHiui, noaojroqeHHHfl 
M DBOJiHpHUfl HSA&rifl syoxapefi oeia KpacHaro. KoorpoMCRoft ryfiep- 
hih: cepBTH, ROiBi^a, KpeotHRE, sanoHRH, yRpamoHifl ojifimj^n. Ha gtojA 
£ oco6oft noACxaB&i taecraTb noA(k)pB rohorhx'b yAHii h crpeMAHi, 
Biq)a6aTEiBaeiiuz'B RycrapflMH eaua BypHaRHHa HpocJuaBCRoft ryCepniH. 
JlfuAe no orini bajtb padmuuxi o6pa3i^oB'B craHiii pH TEaHJui, 
BHmiLBaHMi, npasH... A laMi OQflib HSAiJdii Ed's Aepesa, HrpymRH, 
ROpsHHU, nieteHRH. 

Ha piARS^ro nociTHieiH Boa era necTpoia h paaHOoGpasie BuciaB* 
leHHiix'B npeAHBTOBi, BO ooeAHHOHUi R'b TOMy so CI oRpysanmHMi^ 
iiHorojn)A<^BOirB, oxHBJieHieirb h irtcraifH npoHCXown^nvB Toproirb> — 
Ha p'6;p:aro nociTHTeifl Boe aro Bwberb bshtoo ho npoHSBOAHJio Bne- 
UTjrfaHifl Toro, RaRi»' fiyffro ohi» nonuTB vb caHiifi nfiwipb apMapRH 
Bi RaROMii u6o RpynHOMi oej[i hu yisAHOMi ropoxHioKi. H HeJUbSA 
orpHi^aTB loro, no 6&ixh h^rotophh ocHOBaHJui ojioshtbch noAofiHOny 
Bne?aTA']^Hii). dRonoHaTU RycrapHaro oiAiJia wb OBOei rjiaBHofi Hacci 
npeACTaBjufljiH co6ox) Tb npeAMOTH AOHamHflro o6HXOAa h xosflflerfia, 
ROTopue no npeHnyn^ecTBy ORpysaBn HOBaKCRaieJiBHyx) shshb npo- 
OToro Hapo^a. Eoih 6u RyorapHuft orjitin en^e nojaie nc^epnuBajLi 
o6iacTb RyorapHuxi npOHSBOAOTB^ wb PoocIh, 8to, 6£uo-6u eme o^e* 
BHAH'ie. Kycrapnafl npoHiiniJieHHOOTb, cocTaBma saHHTie no npoHHy- 
m^ecTBy cejacRaro seiueA'i^iecRaro HaceiekiH b'b cBofiOAHoe y nero 
oTb noieBEixii pa6orb BpeHfl, lioHO cBflaana cb nysAaMH hmohho 
dToro HaoejieHifl h npHMHRann^aro ri HeJiy 6iAHaro RJiacca ropoA- 
CRHX'B snrejieft. OroyrcTBie y npoHSsoAHTeJiett o6opoTHaro h ochobhofo 
RanHxajia o6paniaeTi> hxi ipy^i no npeHiiyniecTBy na npeAMeiii Maxo- 
ii(iHH£ie h Tpyfise, ho laRie, na ROTopue noAAepaKHBaeroa nocTOHHHHtt 
H MaccoBuii cnpooi. Btoti cnpoci», GiaroAapfl ycjuoBiairB Hamero 8ro- 
HOHHqecRaro h RyjibTypnaro pasBHiifl, HSAaBHa yAOBJEeTBopuca h ao 
eHxi nopi> en^e vb sHaqaTejiBHofl cieneHH yAOBieTBopaoTca ae nyreii'B 
Tixi pasBHTurb ^opiTB RpynHaro npoasBOACTBa, RoTopsa noJiywJiH 
npeo6jiaAaHi6 na sanaA^, ho nyreiTB nexRaro nponsBOACTBa, Roropoe 
HOCETb HasBame Rycxapnaro. 

06paTHMca aanpHM'bp'B Kb namairb apMapRaMi, RaRi noRasaTeaiaMi 
cnpoca, rocnoAC!rByK)niaro bo BHyipeHHei xoprOBJit, h xapaRiepa cy- 
mecTBynn^aro npeAJnosema. Bb Roai^i 70 foaob'b 6uj[a cAiJiana no- 
nuTEa BKiacHHTB pasMipi Eamefl apaapo^Hofl ToproBJia. Bb peayjiB- 



172 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

Tarl OKasaiooB, tto h3'b o6ii^aro iHCJia Boix'B apicapoEi— 2,825 — 6ojib- 
mHHCTBo (82%) HMiDTb speHuyii^ecTBeHHO (SasapEUfl xapasiep'B;. 
rjiaBHuft oOopoTb vTb cocroHrL vb npo^aart pasHUXi KpeoTum- 
CKHxi ceshCKBTb npoHSBe^eHift ToproBiiairL h hxi HenoopeACTBeHHiiirs 
noTpefiHTejiairB h bi noKynKt y ToproBi^eB^ h6o6xoahmiix'b saixacoB^ 
fl iipeAHeTOBi pasHaro po^a, ynoTpeGifleuux'B vb specTBaHCKOH's 
fiiiry*). 

Bi KaKOHi , oTHomeHiH ctoatl b'b Cioj^R&ii KpecTbancKara 
3aypflAHaro xosflflcTBa iipoH3Be;(6Hifl ^a6pHqHo-3aBo;^OKifl h Rycxap- 
HUfl, Moserb A&T& H^ROTopoe noHflTie oancaHie flpMapKH bs 
BftcreiRi BopHcaojit IIoiTaBCKofl ry6epHiH, npoHaaeAeHHoe 6. 
K. BojiROBiZHi wb 1873 roAy. Hsi 8T0r6 oaHcaHifl oKaaajocB, 
^TO Ha apicapRi 6i>ijio npo^aHO Bcero pasHSExi) toBapOB'B sa 30.550 p., 
B'B ToiTL ^Hci'l Hs^'ljiift RycTapHaro npoH3Bo;(CTBa: varb Tjaaai h xe- 
jrtaa Ha 13,4:Vo* AepeMHHHX'b na 21,37or RoaeBeaHHX'B 20,7''/o, 
mepcTflHHXi— 107o> — HToro na 65,4®/o, mh na 7»> tss^, hto ffljoo 
HaHy^aRTypHO-rajiaHTepeMHaro TOBapa h Meio'iHOft ToproBJUi QaAaen 
He Cojrte % npoj^aHHHX'B TOBapoBi **). 

EiD^e Ooiie HarjUAHoe npe^cTaBJieHie o SHa^emH B'B RpeciBan- 
CKOM'B 6HTy RycTapHofl npoH3Bo^TejiBEOCTE nojiy^aeiTb mi, fla&no- 
Aafl rb HHoro^HCJieHHUfl apuapRH, ROTopua nai ro^y bb ro;^ hbjui- 
DTCfl cpeji^OTotieirB o6uTa HSAtiiil Toro hih hhofo RyciapHaro paiona. 
KaJKjxfiA Hsi TaRHX'B patOHOBi HMierB hx'b Hepi^so ho OAHy, s 
RasAaa hbi noAo6Hiix'B spMapoRii hih 6a3apoB'B npe^cTaBiflerB hsi 
cefifl SHByx) 6e8BHCRycTB6HHyK> BscxaBRy RyorapHHX^ H3A'&rifi. Bors 
Hanp., RdRi onECHBaerB K!LcTHaH rasexa (HHaserop. JIhot. 1896 r. 
)t 8) Rpen^eHCRifi 6a3ap'B RycrapHuxB E^jsjbjAA, eseroAHo npoHCxo- 
jifi^miA vb H.-HoBropoAi B'B le^eHie xpex'B ab^A h npHBjieRanii^ft 
R'B cetirb MHoro^HCJi^fiHux'B noRynaiejieJI RaR'B nsi ropoxaFB, xaRi h 

HB'B SHTeJDiefi COOiAHHX'B CeJi'B H A^pOBeHB. <npOXOAH PHA&HH 663?H- 

cjieHEHX'B jiaBORi, TO^Hie roBopfl HRBicoB'B, noKb ROTopuMH Ha npH- 
laBRax'B npe^araexcH TOBap'B, memo upoAaBi^OB'B, pasjiosHBmnxcfl co 

CBOHMH HSA'bjiiHMH npfltfO Ha SOMJlt, BU HM'&eTe B03IC0SH0CTB o60- 

sp^TB e^Ba jiH H6 Bcl OTpaciH ceJiBCRoft npoMumieHHOCTH ry6epHiH. 
3AtcB H BaieHuft TOBapi: o6yBB, CTejn>RH h Ronnai CeHeHOBCRaro e 
BaiaxHHHGRaro yis^oBi, naBJioBCRie HOSHEsaicRE, lopsHCRifl rojuipi, 
BepeBO^ufi TOBap'B c. n86£urBifa e APyrEX'B cexeEit rop6a'roBCKaro 
ylsAa, OROBasHHe cyH^yRE h MeiajuE^ecRiE mojitrui ns^biiH o. JEu- 
cROBa E np. E np. Ho Bcero 6ojibme sjsjbcb A^peBEHHaro n^enHoro 
roBapy. Bh Hosere bea^tb xyTB eotte boo, ^to xojbro A'&iaorca 
AJiE HysAi> AepoBOECRaro jmA^s HaiHsafl ci A^poBeECRoft 3u6rs h 



*) $a6p]iiiHO-8aBOAC]&aH npOMunuieHHOCTB a ToprOBJUi Bi PoccjH. HaA. 2-e. 
Jl^enap. Topr. h MaHyj). 1896, crp. 414. 

**) BacHieHBO. Kycrapnue npoMucjoi eeaicRMZ'B cocjiOBift IIoflTaBCB. ry5» 
B£in. n, crp. 29. 



KTGTAPHAfl nPOMUHUBHHOCTB HA BUGTABK1& 1896 F. 173 

no6pflRynisH, KOH^afl HaAMorHXBHHifb RpecTou'L h jionaTott. JIosrh, 
AepeBAHBHfl HamRn h 6j[i)Aa, cojiohrh, RaARH, Be;];pa, sopifra, caHH, 
KOJreca, ATnr, noJiosLfl, CTyjiLfl, cxojm, paMU, 6epAa, rpe6HH, BepexeHa, 
Ropofia, RopsHHU, Jiann, ;ri^TCRifl HrpymRH, — Boe, ^to oRpysaerB 
SHSHeHHHfl oChxoa'b RpecTBflHHHa, ^To noAapHJto 6My ncROHHoe coci;^- 
CTBO CTb jitcHHiiH 6oraTCTBaMH Rpafl H yirlHBe Bia^iTB TonopoiTB, 
HoasoirB H npo^mMH H6My;ipHifH opyAiflMH rpy^a. 3to o6Hjrie h pas- 
Hoodpaaie meimoro TOBapy OTBiTOorB TOMy npeodjiaAaHln ;^peBOo6pa- 
tioTHBanm^BX'B iipoMticjiOBX, ROTop£»n> OTJ[£qaeTCii HflseFopoACRaa 
ry(SiBpBm, b'b oco6eHHOCTH es dBepnue ybs^si. Bod 8HMy bx ea 
jicaxx HAerb py6Ra, BSBOsRa h cnjiaBi jica, ^acTBi) H^iyn^aro sa 
npex&ni ryfiepHifl, ^acTLX) AOcraBJuaDn^aro MatepiajTB jifis pa6oTU 
AecBTRaHX Tucfl^'b pyRx bx npej^axx ry6epHin. H axa pa6oTa 
B^eTB jinxopaAO^iHO h . osBBJreHHO wb fied^HCjeBBOMi* pBA"^ ceiieHiH, 
BAerb Rpyrjryi) SBjiy, BiiOpacHBafl BpeMfl otb BpeneHH Ha pa8Ji£?Hiz6 
fiasapK: ceMeHOBCRit, ropoAeiycii, EHseropoACRO-Rpen^eHCRifi h ap- 
rpy^H pa8Hoo6pa8HurL as^tJiifli. 

Maccosafl Bupa6oTRa BB^i^iS na puHORi — botb ^epra, xapaRTe- 
pHsyDmafl RycTapayi) npoioimieHHOCTB. Ho 8Ta ^epta y Hea o6ii^afl 
ch BpoifHQiJieHHocTBK) RpyHHoi — $a6pBqHO-3aB0ACROH. ?T0 ate OT^i- 

JUeTBAPyrB OTB APjra 8TH fl,Vi npOHSBOABTeJLBHBUI ^CHJ[H, Ha- 
€TOJBRO nOBEABMOMy padJIBHHUfl, ^TO HB BCepOCClfiCROfi BUCTaBRt 0B'& 

MorjiH 6ktb npeACTBBJieHU jihbib hoax pasHUMH rpobjebmh? Bx tohx 
oHi coopBRacauTca? se BCTpi^aioTOfl w OHi BMtcTi hoax oahoA 

EpKHiefi BX A'^flCTBHTeJIBBOfi UpOUBHIJieHHOfi XH8HH ?an^e, qtMX 

xosHo AyMaTB ex nepnaro BsrjiflAa? KaRX he yBJieRaiOTX Hacx, hobh- 

ABMOMy, BCi 8TH BOHpOOU BX CTOpOHy, — fieSX TOrO HJHH HHOtO OTB^Ta 

Ha BBxx HH He Mosexx onpoA^eBHo BiicRasaTBCfl no noBOAy Toro, 
BX qevx HacTOBmee RycTapsofi npoxiunjieHHOOTH? hbcrojibro npoA- 
CTBBJieHa 6iua ona Ba sucTaBRi 1896 r.? yro AftiA naux dia bei- 
CTBBRa noy^BTejiBBaro bx a&hbohx Honpoei? 

Ao cflxx Hopx BX Bameux BapoAi sna^iHrejiBHafl ^aorx xosafi- 
CTBeHBBTXx noTpe6flOCTefi RasAOi OTAtJTBHofi eABHB]i;u, ABopa — CeMBH- 
yAOBJiexBopfleTCB co6cTBeBHHHx efl rpyAOMx. ^o obxx nopx, bx oco- 
deBBocTH 6oiie bjih Menie bx riynm Poccin, cejiBCRoe Haoejeme oa^- 

BaeiCfl BX TRBBH C06CTB6BHar0 npOHBBOACTBa, paSBt TOJIBRO ORpa- 
HieHHHH 0C06hMH npOHUmJUeHHBRaMH — ^RpaCHABII^BRaMH (cRpameHHH- 

HB£axH», RaRx soByTX Bxx BX BflTCRoS ry6epBiE). P&Asift Rpecxxfl- 
BHBx Be cxyifieix BaiaAHTB caHx cboe ceiBCROxosflficTBeHHUH opy- 
Aifl: coxy h 6opoHy, npiofipiTaH noRyoROD jlhhib seJi'bsHUfl hbcte 
HBBeBxapa. KaasAui xosaficTBeHHufi RpecTBOHHHX ot^bcth h RysHOiix, 

H niOTBBRX^ H He^BBRX, H XOSflSCTBO OFO CBMO CBOHXH CEiaHH E 

cpeACTBaiiH yAOBJieTBopaeTB MHorHifx h8x xixx noTpe6HOCTefi, roto- 
pufl BX 6oile pasBBTBixx 8R0H0ME^ecRE CTpasaxx oTonuH BX c^py 

TpyAB 0C06bXX HpO^CCiOBaiBBHXX peMeCJieHHEROBX. 

Ho BSBicTHO, qro H BX EHUxx cTpasaxx, Ha 3anaAi hoxoahuhx 



174 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

MOKeHTOHi pasBHTifl opoMuniJieHHOCTH 6iuo TaKoe asOHOMiraeoKoe eo* 
oTOHBie, npE KOTopoMi 6o3Lhmjv} pojiB vb KasAOMi xosfloBcTBi Hrpajur 
jj^OManiHie irpojsjKTiiij npoH8Bo;i[HBmieca ho jifla, cCiira, a tojuso ]im 
iioTpe6j[eHiH aroro xosflficTsa. Hps^pBi 6oraT£ixi» BjiaAiJ[Bi];eB'i> h ho- 
HaoTiipefi jAOKieTBopfliHCB TpjjsfiWb ETh cjLjrB, EpinocTHUxi), pa6o- 
TaBinHxi vh AOMamHHX'L MacTepcEHxi qbohxx rocnoA'B. Bojiie 6^^- 
Hfize SHTeJiH ropoj^oBX h uiisre^eKh eaxa ce6a oAiBais, oGjbbjol h 
yAOBJieTBOpojrfl Bciirb Kjmji.diWb xo3fl£cTBa, pa6oTafl BM^crb go cjiy- 
ravB. TaKB 6itio bi oco66hhocth bi na^ajct ope^HExi BtnoBTi — b% th- 
nETHjK) anoxy saTypajiBHaro xoaaftcTBa. Ho oi TeqeHieMi BpeneHn 
pocTB ropoji^oBi H ooBo6osAeHie ropoACKOro HaoeJieHifl orb Kpinocr- 

HOft SaBHGEHOOTH HpHBdJES K% OfipaSOBaHil) Vb HOITB CB060AHarD H 

oaMOCToaTeJiBHaro KJiacoa peMecji6HHHS0Bi>. CnJuoxEBinHCB bi BE^axs 
san^HTBi OBOHx;^ o6iitHX'B HHTepeooBi Bi oQo6Bifl Kopnopaiua, «pe- 
u6cjieHHiieu6XH>, roposaHO nocieneHHO MOHonoiHSHpoBaw bi cbohx'b 
pyBaxi npoMHinjieHHooTB. 06ijs,wbBmee e boo e^e cooroaBinee fb 
KptnooTHoft saBHCHKOCTB cojiBORoe BeiuoAiJiBqecKoe Haoejienie 6wlo 

ho Vh COGTOflHiB KOHEJppHpOBaTB CB OHXBHHHfl H 6oraTS[Hfl ropOff- 

GSBMH npoiffiiDueHHun i^eHTpaMH, GTaBmBHB cpeAOTomeiTb HapOAHOft 
sBdHBT Mnoriji OTpaojE peMeoJia 6ujni npaifo sanpen^esH GaiBOKOMf 
HapoAOHacexemi), Tor^a KaKi ropo^GKie peMeojieHHHEB noJiBSOBaiBCB 
npBBHiJirerieD pa6oTaTB e BH:b npeA^JioBi ropo^a. Ho rxaBHEDTB 06- 
pasoMB i^exoBaa opraHHsai^ifl poMeojia fisiJia spEGnooofijieHa K'b tomj^. 

TTOfiU GHa6saTB npOATKTaMH OrpaHB^eHHHfi HBBiCTHHirB UpOA^OlTB 

piiHORX, OQpe;[[tjieBHiift RpyrB saEas^BROBii, npeHHyn^eoTBeBHo ro- 
poAGKBXTi, «Ho BOTB, FOBopHTi B. 3oM6apTi *), Kor^a B-B XVI BilA 
npoH8BO;(bTBO Boero HSBiGTHaro Tor^a oBiTa, uaBBUirB o6pa3ou'B 6j[a- 
roA^Pff KoiOGoaiBSOKy pasBBtii) GHomeHift, 6xaroAapfl paoniBpeHm 
iipoH3fio;^BT6Ji[BHoft otijtaoTH, BnopBHO Ha^ajTo npioOpitaTB KpynHue 
pasirbpH, Kor^a Ha Hioro npesEHxi orpaHE^eHHuxi o6j[acT6i c6iiTa 
Ha^aiB noflBiBTBGH Boe 6ojAe h fiojiie ofirnHpntie phheh^ — peneojio 
osasaiocB ho bb oHaraxii BunojiEBTB 8th paGnmpEBmifloa ^yHsmiH. 
Ero irkro AOJissa 6iua saorynBTB TaEaa ^opiia npoMumfleHHaro 
npoEBBOAGTBa, soTopaa 611 Morjia y^oBJieTBopETB TpefeBasiflirB gtojib 
GEjiBBo yfiexEqEBmeSoE no cboeitb pasM'Ipau'B xosHtlemeeHHOti o6j[a« 
GTE. dToft HOBoft ^opMOD npomiEijieHHaro npoESBOACTBa, paBflO sas'B 
E G6K(Ta TOBapoBi 6iua ^aoTHO-RaQBTajKBGTE^eGEaa>. BificTo opraHH- 
^a^iE i^exoBUX'B peueogieHSfiixB MaGiepoBii pyEOBOAETeAflME npoE3* 
Bo^GTBi BHGTynEJTE BHeprflqHHe npeAQpESEMaTejcE-EanflrajiEGTU, la- 
6Epafl Ge6i pa6oqflX'B esi opoAH ^aGTBX) tj^xi JKUAofi, soTopne h& 
nOA^EEflJiECB no T&M'b EJE APTTEHi npE^EHaHi* s^exoBOfl opraEEsaipH 
peMOGJia, ^oGTBiD — no^H^e— opoAE cejTBCEaro naceJieHifl. BjraroAapii 
oTcyrcTBiD saniEXB GOBpeueEEux'B MamEErb, $a6pflE'B e TexHEKOBi, 



*) npoKumiieHHOCTb (cTaTBH BVb HandwOrterbuch der Staatswissenaeliaften) 
Hba. 6oaobo30Bhm^, 1896, rji. XI, 292. 



KTGTAPHAfl IIP0IIII1IUBHH0GT& HA BHGTABBft 1896 V. 175 

irpoE3BOACTBO jK laAKBajToob vh npesHifl paincH: 6ziBnkift poKeeiOH- 
HBR'b pa6oiiS»no apesHeMj pa6oTajrb y cefia Ha ji,okj, tqilso bhj- 
TpeHHflfl CTpjKTypa npeAnpifliifl coBopmeHHO HSir&HHJiaoB. C^aenda 
pysoAiunfl oiysEiH ooHOBamoMi ]ifl& paonpocTpaHemfl TOft se on- 
ffreMBi HpoHSBOAGTBa, KaR'L oRopo HBjuuoff 6omnott npeAnpHfiHMaieiB, 
KOToputt pasAaBajTB MaTepiais h ^ljlm'l ccjah nooeJUHairb, pa6oTaB- 
HiHirB no ero sasasy. Roho^ho, xaKaa ^pna Morjia boshhrhttb 

TOJn»KO (TB paSBHTieiTB TOprOBJIH H OKOJTO OH I^BHTpOB'B. cOHa HpOX' 

craBiHeri 0060©, roBopnx'B A. KopcaRi *), HMeHHo totb pojTB Many- 
^^aRTypib, ROTopoicB saKi^aeTB A^aiTB Cmhttb, tto htb pasBHiie 
eoTB HBieHie noai^Hiftinee, BUSBaHHoe coBopmeHCTBOBaHieifB j^OMani- 

HHX'b npOHSBOACTBl. SaHHHaflCB npOHSBOAGTBOlTB OfiilRHOBeHHUX'B H 

HaH6ojrbe ynoTpe6jiHeicEix'B E3ji,lMi^ owb He Hutn vjmm eoopej^o- 
TO^HTBCH vh 6oJihrmxi> saBeABHiflX'B.'KpoMi Toro raaBHoe rtl yoio- 
Bie — j^emeBHSHa — ^Boero xjmae mofjio 6irrB BUHOJiHeHo AonieBHSHOD 
noSo^Haro aaHHTiH aeicjiej^iibi^a, a He HCRJiDWTejiBHoft pafioioft Ma- 
(yrepa. TaROBO HMeHHO npoHoxos^eHie spoiuinaeHHOcTH jlHj^ca, Tau^ 
$aRca, me^aiMa, BepMHHreMa, ocHOBaHHHX'B nepBonauiLHo Ha 
j^OManiHeirB Tpy^i*. TaRX 6iua opraHHaoBana bi naqajrl XYIII b« 
BOA xiomaT06yiiasHafl npomimieHHOoTB Ahtjoh; bo ^paHi^in oyROH- 
Hafl H mejiRoBafl Bib Jifl^lf krb, .iiojiOTHHHafl vb BperanH, oyROHHaa 
Bii Bejn^rin h op. dra Many^aRTypH 6£uh tod ^opMOi) npoHiim- 
leHHooTH, ROTopoS npHOBooHo coBpeMeHHott 8ROHOHH^eoRott Hay- 
rqS HasBanie doMamneii ^opMu KpynnoA fipoMuuMeMHocmu (do- 
mestic-system, Haasindostrie^ Yerlagssystem), h oyn^HocTB ROiopoft 
B. 3oM6apTB onpeA'&iflerb Gxi]ijmn,EWh o6pa80Mi>: cRanflraxHOTB- 
npeAHpHHHMaTeJTB, CRyon^R'L, pyROBOAHTBnpoHSBOACTBOirBTaRHirB 06- 
pasoiTB, TTO nopy^aeT'B padowMi, saHHMann^HMOH ^pa6oTOD y ce6H_ 
j[OMa, HeroTOBJUiTB npojtyRTM. Bi ero pynax'B occpeAOTo^HBaeroa Boe^ 
1^0 pyROBo;^HTej[BeTBO npoHaBo/^OTBOirB, HOTOHy hto BasHue 4^aR- 
Tops npoHSBOACTBa Haxo;iflTca bi HORjnovTejiBHOHi ero o6juiAaHiH. 
8th ^aRTopH npoH8B0JicTBa saRjiDqanTCfl ne ctojkbro bii Rana Tait, 
HeofixoAHMOHii ffifl TexHH^ecRaro {npHroroBieHia $a6pHRaTa, oROJiBRd 
Vb SHaHiE TOBapflaro psHRa, {yoioBifi cfiHTa e Vb rocnoACTBt na 
HeirB>. 

XoManiHHfl ^opiia Rpynnoft npoimmjieHHocTH hj ih, RaR'B e^HepijJRO 
npocTo Ha3BiBaK)TB, doMaiUHHJi^fnpoMtAiuAeHHocfnh (B T>^oTJHsie O TB do- 
MatuHMo npouaeodcmea, RaR'B iiBJieHiH anoxn HaTypaJTBHaro xoaafioTBai 
H OTB nycmapnoii npoMHUMeHHOcmu, RaR'B '^opvH npomnnjieHHOOTn 
HeiRott) onpex&uuia xapaRTepi npouumxenHaro pasBHTifl ^iJnepBGiH 
OTOJTfeTifl HOBoft BHOXH. JtajbHtfimee pasBH TJe ';i;oMamHflro xoaaftcTBa, 

H paSBHTie pUHROBB Wb CBflSH CB OTRpUliflkE TOXBHRH R pOOTOHl pa- 



*) A. RopcaRi. (|)opAaz'b npoM unuieHHOCTH BOo6ii^e h snaiieHiH AOvaniHflro 
npoHBBOffCTBa ^RycrapHoft h AOMamHeft npoMHnuieHHocTH) bi 3anaAHofl Espoiri^ 
H PoociH. M. 1861 r., cTp. 74. 



176 PyCCKOB BOriTCTBO. 

601ZTQ cocxoBk, flBHBniHVCfl Bi p63yj[BTaTl ESxiHHBiiiHxca BoseireiB"* 
Burb oTHomeHift h pasjiosemji npesHott peiiecjieHHol opraHH3aii;lH, 

npHBOJIH Kb COBAaHiD HOBOfi ^OpMU ItpomnmeHHOCTH — ^OtfpUHHOtL. 

Efl noflBieHie bi TaKHXi nepeAOBsix'B vh npoMnmieHHOirL oTHomeHiH 
crpaBaxi Sana^a, KaRi Asrjiifl, othochtca jse k^b bohi^j Xvm b., 
HO vb ocraiBHOfl EBponi oho nojiy^iuo rocnoj^ciBO yace (n> nepsoS 
nojiOBHHU HacTOflmaro croJiiTUEr. KaKifl vsMfbEemsL BHecia oea bi npo- 
KuniJieBHHfi crpoi EBpons? ^OMamHflfl nponnnjieHHOCTb uh cosep- 
ineHHo Hc^esaen vb tix-b npoHSBOACTBaxx, r;^ $a6pRBa saxBaTH- 
BaeTB B&k o^epa^iH npoHSBOACTBa, h lairB, tjs^ pa($o4fi 0K0H^Tej[BH0 
o66e38eMeJ[6VB, hjth npHMUBaen ki» $a6pHKairb, j^aBaa nnn^y acukb- 
HifimeMy npeo6pa30BaHii) npesHefi j^oMainHefi npojomueHHOOTH, ho- 
OHBinefi en^e cjri^A^ peMecjieHHoft opraHHsai^H. 

Mtf Haxo;uiM'L, (iiaroAapn aioify, AOMamHDD ^opiiy KpyoHofi 
upomnnieHHocTE, h ao chxi nopi Aase wb HaHfiojrbe npoMunueHHurB 
crpaHax'B EsponH, Haxo;i(HirL ee 00 Bciim ea TnnH^ecsHKH qepiaMH: 
MaceoBuifB npoHSBOACTBoiTB noAi* pyKOBOACTBoiTB npeji^iipuEHMaTejui 
cEymiviKa, pa6oToi) na j^ovy, Bpafimiirb HanpasemeirB h BBCHJiyaTa- 
J^ei pado^Hxi ghjtb. Bi FepManiu, T]sib AOMamnflfl npoMumjieHHooTB 
noABeprjiacB wb 1882 r. o6cTOiiTejiBHOMy cneuiaJiBHOtfy cTaiHCTH^e- 

CSOMy R3CliA0BaHiX), 0611^66 HHCJ[0 JKEITB, SaHHTBTX'B Vb BTOfi C^Opt 

npoMHmJieHHoeTH ORasajiocB paBHHM'L 476.080 qejiOBiicB (no soKasa- 
HiflHi pa6oTOAaTejiei 544.980), npa^eifb botb ocHOBanie aThsitb, ^to 

t)6i 8TH I^^pil HHSe ^riUcTBHTeiBHUXl. rJEaBHUUl oGpadOMi* 8Ta 

^opMa npoifNinjieHHOCTH rocnoACTByerB b:b npoHSBOAGTBax'B no o6pa- 
fioTKi BOJioEHECTHX'B Beii(ecTBi>: lueiKOTKaipcoirL H 6apxaTH0M'B iipon3- 
BOACTBi, 6yi[aro-H jn>H0-TRai];R0irL, ^jio^homi, spyseBHOirB h npo^., 
Aanaa otb 70 ao 35% AOHamHHX'L pa6o^flX'B hsi ^Hcja Bcixi pa6o- 

TaiDHlHX'B Vb JS^BSBUXb npOHSBOACTBaX'B. To Se HaXOAHHl MU BIi EeJth' 

%iuy Vb Uleeut^apiut ta^ ^acoBoe npoHSBOACTBO, pi^3B6a h3t» A^poBa h 

npoHSBOACTBO coAOMeHuxi H3AtJiift HHinTB TaBse ysasaHHBifi xapas- 

tepi. ^ase bo 0paHuiu BaasHifimafl oipacAB $paHii;y3CBoft HHAycTpm — 

maiKOBafl — Vb JEioffb h ero ospecTHOCTHxi cb as^bhhxx nopB h no - 

HfiHi OCHOBBHa Ha pyqnOM'B H AOManiHeH'B np0H8B0ACT9'b. npoH3BOA- 

CTBO laKX HasHBaeifux'B «napHasoKHX'B ToBapoBi>> (articles de Paris) 
HBiaercfi THnn^Hofl oTpacjiBi) AOMamHefi npoMunueHHOOTH: pysoBOAH- 
TojLBCTBo ei) cocpeAOToqBBaercH ruBHiurB oCpasoirb bb napaarb, 
OTKyAa cBynn;HK'B-Kynei^ AaexB pa6oTy, — bb caMOMB-M IlapHsi hie 
BB npoBHHipH — MHosecTBy pa6o^x^, no npoHicyn^ecTBy aenniHH'B 

(np0B3B0ACTB0 HCKyCCTBeHHBTX'B ip^TOFB, HOpqaTOKB^ nap^IOVepHUXB 
TOBapOBB, 80HTHK0BB, BiopOFB H Bp.). 

OAHaEO Ta $opMa AOManiHeft npoMunueHHocTH, Eoropofi mi ro- 
BopHJiB, KaKB coxpaHHBmefi 60^6 sHa^enie bb rjiaBHiftnrax'B orpa- 
HaxB EBponH, o^eBHAHO, ho otbItootb HameMy o6ni;epacnpocTpaH6H- 
EOHy noHHTix) npoMHnueHHOCTH RyorapHofi. Bb arofi nooiiKHefi mbi 
npeAHOJiaraeirB veiRaro npoH3BOAHT6JDUi, KOTopiifi, ho Tepaa cbbbb o'b 



K7CTAPHAJI nPOMimUEHHOCTb HA BUCTABE^ 1^96 T. 177 

3eKJiejQc6jQeirB, caMOcroflieJiBHo npoH3Bo;^HTb y oe6a sa aomj hjih vb 
oco6eHHo£ ifacrepcRoft hsi cBoero so Maxepiaia HS^^i^m, KOTopua 
caMx c6iiBtf6TB Ha piHtK'i. Ha Sana^^i eei BOTpi^aoMX MeiKHX'B 
npoHSBOAHiejiefi jiheib vh jumfb HeMHoroqncjieHHiiX'L peMecjEOHHasoBi^ 
pa6oTax>ii(HrB no sasasy Henocpe/^cTBenHux'B norpedHreiefl. Ho xa 
$opMa npoMiunjieHHOCTH, soiopyx) mk nasBajiH RycxapHoft, eciH h 
coxpaHHiacB en^e vb Handojiie BROHOMH^eGSH ororajnixi crpaHax'B 
Saaa^Hoft Enponu, to coBopmeHHO TepaeTOfl Ha oS^om'b $OHt npo- 
MUIIIJI6HH00TH AOMamHoti noA^HHOHHoft rooHOACTBy spynnaro sa- 
HHTaia. 

?T0 se npeACTaBiaerL co6oi) Hama coBpeueHHaa BKOHOMH^ecKaa 
AtficTBHTejDiHocTb, qTo saBtn^aHo HaiTb HCTopiett naniero npoicuniieH- 
Haro pasBHTifl, hocomh^hho moAmaro a9 ohxi nopi sHEnni nyrflioi, 
mhwb HCTopifl npoMumjieHHooTH 3ans^a? *). O^HaKO, hoxoahhS nyHSTB 
pasBHTifl Gui'B o,2(HHi H TOTB SO — HOKiu^HT&iBHo doMauiuee Hamy* 
poAbHoe xo3jniemeo. Hotth e;qiHOTBQHHoft ^opuoft npoHunuoHHOOTH, 
KOTopoK) yAOBJteiBopflnoB Bci HapoAHUfl HysA^ (Ssuo doMatunee 
npouaeodcmeo. C'b caHHXi apobhhxi BpeiieHL y Hao^ H3Bi^0THH 6£UH 
KHom ffpoH3Bo;](CTBa, Rasi Hanp.: TsaHbo xojiotob'b, noiiOTeHi h oy- 
soHii KOHO^HO rpy6ux'b, BUAiiKa kozh h soitsa, npoHBBOAOTBo no- 

ejjpi A^peBflHHOfi H nHHHHOft. Ho BiA BTH H^A^^jdfl BUpa6aTBIBaJIH0B 

AOMa UH AOMamHHMH cjiyraicH. BHcmifl coojioBia oCxoahihcb noopex- 

OTBOITB AOManifiHXl pafiOTHHROBl, KpeCTBflHe pa60TaiH Ha C66fl oaHH. 

EorecTBeHHUfl yoioBia cxpaHBi ci oh cypoBOft b OAHOo6pa3Hot 
npHpoAott, oTKpUBaBmeft MHoro^HOJteHHOify HaceJUOHiD o6niHpHUfl npo* 
crpaHCTBa jii^coBi h Cojlotl Ha oiBopi, creaefi na mri h Dro-BOCTosi, 

HBOJIHpOBaHHOCTB PoCCIH OTB lipO^HXl, 601^6 I^HBHJIH30BaHHHXl> FOOy- 

xapoTB'B EBponu hobojih ki Mej^JteH^ocTH pasBHria ea symypHoft 
H BKOHOMH^eosoi SH8HH. OxHoofipaaiiD npHpoAU oTB'bqajio OAHOofipasie 
BaHHiift, npooTopy HesaHHTEixi* BOHeiB — pasotaHHOotB HapoxonaoejieHiH, 
cjta6ocTb oieHpajKHBai^H ero na HSBtcTHUxi nyHsraxi. FopoACKaa 
SH3HB no^TH oTcyTGTBOBaxa wb npoTHBynojiosHOCTB Sanaxy: 6oibniHH- 

OTBO rOpOAOBl, OCHOBaHHUX'B HCEJOOqHTeJIBHO Bl S^KHHHCTpaTHBHUX'b 

H BoeHHux'b HHTepecaxi, 6uja hh tfo hhoo, KaRi oroposeHHua 
ceja, SHTCJiH EOTopuxi BaHHMaiHCb BOMJieAtJiieM'b. BnyrpeHHHX'B xa- 
paKxepHiiX'B pa3J[Hqifi Mos^y ropo^cKHirb h cojiBCKHirB naceJieHieirb 
He 6iuo, H 8T0 npo^ojisajTocB y Haci ffoiro, orqaoTH ooraeTca h 
TonepB. He AOCTHrnyB-B Toro odni^ecTBeHHaro pasBHria h nojrHTflqe- 
CKaro SHaqenia, RaR'B Ha Sana^t, ropo^a naniH ne npexoraBjaJiH hb'b 
ce6a H npOMsnueHHux'B i^eHTpoBT>. Bee saBHci^o ott» ooofiuxii ycjuoBift 
Hxi Hojiosema, HHor^a HCTopaqecRoft pojiH, ROTopoa BEiABHHyjia nt- 



*) 6'b A&iLHMineirb HSJcoseaiH mh noxBsyeiicfl no npemcyn^ecTBy Bume- 

ynoMflByTHm Tpy^oM^A. Ropcasa <0 ((^opxazib npoMuauceHHoeTH>, npexcTaa- 
jutwrnHMT, C06010 BUAaion^eecfl no raiyfiHHi h toheomy anajiuy BSOHOMVie- 
cBHX'b fl3JieHifl Hscs'bAOBaHie, ao chzI) nopi ne HMtioo^ee ce5ib paBHaro no AUt- 
HOMy npoAvoTy wb pyccKofl joiTepaTyp^, 

Nh 12. OTAiA U 12 



178 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

EOTopiie H3% EHxi: MocKBj, ApxaHrejiBcsi, HoBropoAii, IIcrobi h 
^., sasi% Jifimpu npoMunueHHofi h loproaoi AtaTeiBHOciH, xorAa 
saKTB ocraiiBHue MaJio ^iMi BUA'^^flncB cbohmh saHfliiAHH hsb ospy* 
sann^iro hxb ceiBCKaro naoeJieHui. IIocaACKie jkdah, HapaBH^ cb Kpe- 

CTBflHaUH, HIE 8aHHlfaJ[H0f> SOMJiejlitjtieMB, OropOAHH^eCTBOMB HJH Top- 

roBaiH H npoMunjJuuE. 06siBa,Tejm sasoro HHtiyxB Mosaficsa uh 
dysAaifl en^e b% Hawaii Hacrofln^aro crojiiiifl Toprosau oropoAHiiHH 
oBomaifH, Hao6opoTB — ceJiBcjue smejiH nazoAHJiH c6htb cbohx'b 
peiieGieHHHX'B HSA^Jutt bb ropo^axB. 

POCTB BapOAHB[XB II0Tpe6H0CTeft OB OAHOt CTOpOHU, npHoyTOTBie 
Vh TftXB HIH HHBIXB nyHBiaXB HO^B pjSaMH Iipi HaBOJ^CTBeHHBIXB 

MaiepiaiOBB: Aop^Ba, sejrbaa, tiheh h npo^ jciobui 7Ao6Haro 

<G6lITa HeH36&BH0 PflSXnVL 6hJ[H BUSBaiB BB H8BtCTHUXB • MtCTaXB 

pasBHTie TOfi hah Apyrofi npoiaiiiueHHocTH. IXeHTpu n0A06H0tt npo- 
mnnieHHofi jsjbareshBocm, ecjH h Haui^^aiHCB ^acio paHBme, to 
oco6eHHO Ha^aiH paaBHsaTBOH bb XYII Btsi, nocJii cMyrHaro Bpe- 
xeHH, Kor^a ocjia6ij[o fiposeme h iipeRpaTHjacB xa nepe;^HXKa 
HapoAOHacejreHifl, EOTopaa ne Morira CjaronpiaTCTBOBaTB hxb o6pa3o- 
"BaHiD *) Ho CB Xyn OTOJiiTifl cxaia aauiTHie pasBHsaTBCH G«jn>0EaE 
npoMuiiueHEOGTB: m&oifl AepeBHH, ooo6eHHO iio;(uogkobeeie, jiesamifl 
Ha 6oj[BinHXB AoporaxB, no 6eperairb cyAoxoAHHXB pisB — Oee h 

BOJirE H np., aaEflilHOB TtMB EJIE APyrHMB npOHSBOACTBOXB: SHTeJIH 

OAEixB oA^JiajiHOB KoseBHERaME HO iip6EMyniecTBy, ;q[>yrie Tsa^MH, 

TpetBE KpaCHlBn^HKaMH, TOJllSHHKaifH, Ky3Hei];aME. nO^B BCi OTpaOJIH 

TorAanmel npoMumjieHHOCTH paactEJiHCB no cojiairB h AopeBEHMB, 

HtKOTOpiUI yXBepAHIECB BB TOpO^aXB, OjiaTOIipiflTCTByemUI BHrOJ^HUlTB 

noiosoHieiiB. Ho ?anie ropo^a nrpajiH poiB ECRiDUTeiBHo Topro- 

BHXB nOCpeAHEROBB UGXJSJ pUEKOXB E EpOHSBOAETeJieHB. RaKB HE 

npocTO 6uJio 6ojiBniHHOTBO EsroTOBJieEHHXB UBjslkjnlk — rjnaBHiniB o6pa- 
80MB ifaiepiajiu usa oaosau e npeAMoru nepBHXB xoBEfloTBeEHiiXB 
norpefiflocTeS, — usfl^iE 8te ebxoaejih c6htb ho toibso BnyrpE rooyA^p- 
CTBa, EO A&se E3a rpaEBi];y. HamE rpy6uE oyREa h xoj[gt£i cooTaBJiaiH 
npeAMeTB sarpaEE^sofi loproBiE yse ob cbmuxb ap^beexb BpeicesB, 
to se MOSHO cRasaxB o BHAiJraEHEHXB ROsaxB. niTopxB sairb^aen, 
1IT0 en^e aa aojito ao noflBjeHia bb PoccIe ^afipERB OEa npoHSBOAEJira 
4Mi6pHqEHe opoAyRTu, oTnycRaoMHe sa rpasHoy. Bee bto 6bub pe- 
syjiBiaTB npoMiinueEEofi A'^tojibeoote npeEMyn^eciBeEso ceJtBCRaro 
BaceiOBifl, OTAaBaBoiarocE eft RaRB nofio^HOMy saEExii) npn dOMJie- 
AiiiE. Rp^nocTSoe oocroEEie axoro Eacejuesia EERorAa TOicy se npe- 

EETCTBOBaJIO, EaEpOTEBB, HOMilUERE nOOmpflJIE paSBETie npOXHEIJieE- 

miXB saEflxift cpeAE cbouxb RpeoxBESB, c^Exaa axo aoxoaeuxb, 
^acxo nepeflooEiE saEETifl npoMucioMB esb oaeopo cexa bb Apyroe, 
HUB npflEaxAesao^ce, oxnycRaiE RpinooxEUXB, sflaBmnxB xo ejte 
Apyroe npoESBOACXBO, Ea o6poRB, bb oxxoab. E boxb rb Rosiiy npo- 



*) A. KopoasB, orp. 119. 



nrCTAPHAfl nPOMUHUEHHOCTB HA BUGTABKll 1896 T. 179 

!3uiaro CTOJiiTifl TaEHrB AoyamHsx'B npoHSBOACXBi pasBHAooB o^ohb 
HHoro. He roBopa yse o ajpajifima ibHa h TEa^ecTBb noiEOTeHi* e 

CySHa, A6peBflHHHX7> Zaj^iflXli, npHFOTOBJreHlH BOfilOKOBl, Rpe- 

crBflHCKHXi mjEfln'B, pjEaBniirB h t. n., — soseBeHHoe npoHSBOAciBO, 
BUAina ca^BflEj, d^h, BUA^^Jisa mejAzuuTb h ctsjebehxi H3;];^i — 

8aM£0Bl^ FBOdA^ft H T. n. — BCe BTO 6£U0 npeAM6T0]n» AOMamHHX'B Ba- 

Bflxift KpecTBflSTB. ^TO SB laROB npe^cTaBJuiJia ^aEHaa $opMa npo- 
ViiDMeEEOGTB? A. KopoaKi xapaKTepflay erb ee ajAjijviJu^UE ^epraiiH. 
Bojcbinafl qacTB j^oMamEHXB specTBflEcsflX'B H8;^iS Eaxo;iEjifl tojjtbso 
OTAajiesHiifi c6htb. To 6uj[a pa6oTa se no aaKasy noTpe6ETej[efi, a 
Ha npo^ajRy. ToproBi^u pasxissaiH no ceiaifB h ropo^airB e csy- 
naiH AOMamHifl HSAtsifl SETOJiei. Rynei^i osyim^EisB ho 6iut> a^icB 
npeAQpEEEMaTeJieirB, ebki aro loi bha'I^e b'b AOxaniEefi ^opui KpyaHoft 
HpoMHnueEHOCTH, Kas;^ npoEaBOAETOJiB 6ujrB caKOCToarejieHi, 
paeoraii* sa'B cboex'b MaTepiaiOBB, Bi» cbobitb noirbmieEiE, Jk saacAsfi 
nopoaflB npoAaBajiB cboe ebjii^jor utoTHuirB hze npi'basEM'B ToproB- 
i^aMi). EfbTb coMflisJfl, ^to ctoab se qacro npoEaBOAETeJifl oaiiE 
Hecjufl CBOE Es^^ijdE Ha o6u?fluft pBiEosii, MioTENfi fiaaap^B. Ilepe* 
HpoAasex) npoE8B6AeEifl KpecTBflECKaro ipy^a aaEEMajmoB npeEMyis^e- 
CTBeHHO Kyni^ paasiixB ropoAOB7>. CKiaAoqHUME MicraKH b'b nyEKxaxB 
H0Tpe6jiesJfl H npoAasE cjiysEJiE rocTEEue ^Bopu, flpnapKE e Toprg. 
IIpEcyTCTBie vh KasAOVB ropo^t csjiiaAOB'B e loproBiE BceBoaMOSsKiCE 
iiOAo6Haro po^a ULdj^m^Mn, BUAaioniEMflca no cBoefi A^meBEaHi, eciH 
Eo no sa^ecTBy, bojio Kb TOMy, hto KiaccB peMeojueHEHKOBi, pa6o- 
TaDn^xi Ea aaxaa'B, paaBEBajuca cjia6o h HEsor^a se Mor'B noAy^nxB 
y Haoi Toro BKOEOHHiecsaro aEa^eHin, Koropoe eh^jtb sa SanaAl. 
nojie npomnnueEEofi j^iejiEBEocTH ooTaBajiocB TaREMi ofipaaoitb 
BujioTB jjfi Xleipa I Bce^ljo b'b o6j[a;(aEiE Toft ^pnu npoEaBOACTBa, 
KOTopafl socETB sa3Basie nyemapHoH. Osa y^oBJieTBOpflJia BciifB 
cyn^ecTBeEEUiTB EapoAHUirB noTpefiEOCTEirB. 

IIo/iBj(eEie y Haoii HOBOtt ^opMU npominueHHOCTE 6£iio nepBO- 
HaqasBEo EBieEieM'B BnojiEt ECKycTBeEHHirB. IleTpib I, o6ojiiBn](eEsuft 

BEjrbEHOI) EMB SapTEEOH) ycntXOBX H padBETUi Bani^AHUXl peMeOJTB 

E Many^aKfyp'B, aaAyMaii nepeHecTE wb samy se3eb e to, h jqpy- 
roe. BBeAeEiejTB i^exoBOft perjiaMeETaiUH ohb EaA'bfliGE yEpinsTB h 
paaBETB ropoACKoe peneoAeEEoe cocjioBie, a npaMiurB nooni;peflleMi s 
BC6B03K0SSUME jiBroiaME EacaAniB MaEy^aRTypii e $a6pE]ui no 
ofipaaoiy aana^EHXi. IlepBoe, Kasi aaBECEBmee He otb yciaaoB'B a 
perjiaMeHTOBi, Ee yAasooB ee eny, he ero npeeKHBsaMi; BTopoe, KaKi 
conpoBOsjtaBHieeca asa^ETejiBHJBiME nosepTOBaEiEiifl co cTopoHU Raanu, 
noBOJio El noEBieEiD y hbctb ana^ETejiBEaro HEOja Masy^asiypi e 

^a6pflSB, noj[B30BaBHiEXGfl npaBaiiE MOEonojdE npoEanoACTBa e ot- 
AaEHfiix'B Ha coAopsaHie ^acxHUH'B soHnaEiflirB e EEOCTpaEi];aicB. 
SaTpyAHOEie, aBiEBmeecE, fijiaroAapfl OTcyrcTBiD roToaaro pa6oHaro 
oocjLOBifl, 6euo ycrpaEoso rbifB, qio eo toobro ABopaHCTBy, ho h 

^synnaiTB 6ujio npoAocTaBJieHo npaao npEnEcuBaTB, Kasi sptnocxHSTB^ 

12* 



180 PyCCKOB BOrATGTBO. 

ir6jmfl j^epeBHH specTB)iHi> ro bhobb y^pesjiaeMUM'B $a6pHKaM'B h 
npaBO noKyuaTB jtm $a6pHK^ KpecTBflBrb cb seMei). ^TaKHifL o6p^ 
soifB, roBopHTB A. KopcaRi, eojEH Ha sana^ik HaHy(|)aKTyps m ^9^ 
6pHKH nojiosejiH nepsoe Ba^ajro obo6oah Tpy;ta, to y Hact oni 
TOJiLRO ycBJTHJiH pa6oTBo: sp'biiooTHHfl OTHomeHifl, 6iaroAapfl nwb^ 
npoBpaTHjECB coBepmoHHo B^ pa6cEU[». 

Bt Te^esie noqiH narwecaTH rbrb MaHy^aRTypnaa npoMiirajieH- 
HOCTB Haxoj^HJiacB no;^ cTporoE oneRofi npaBBieJiBCTBa h vbn-b hb 
Mente pasBiiBaiacii lyro, cTicHaa o^HaRo ecreoTBeHHoe pasBHTie h 
npeo6pa30BaHie caicofiiiTHofi sapo^piOH npoMumjieHHOOTH. JThiiil cb^ 
70'Tb Toj^owb npomjraro cTOjrii^Tia, eq^i> BJiiasieM'B hoboA 8R0H0tfH?e- 

OROfi IITROJIH, OTRpUJQfOCB npOTHBOHOJIOSHOe TB^eHie. Bli OOOfieHBOCTH 

Bi nepByiD ^eTBepTB HUHtmHaro CTOJitTis pacniHpeHa fiujia o6jraGTB 
KpeoTBflHCRoft npovumjieEHOGTH: HHi H HtmaHaM'B npe^ocTaBiieHa 
6£jjia OBO0o;Ka saBOAHTB cTanu am BH/rb^RH cyKHa e npo^aBaTB ero 
6631 cricseEifl, HuiTB ^afipERE s saBoj^H. 3to pacmflpeEie' npoMii- 
nuresHoft cBo6opi ne npevEEyjio ORasaTB Bjiasie Ha saoToaBmeeoff 
Te^eaie npoHnnijreEEeft sesee; bt> ooo6esHocTE setojie doamookob- 
HHTB xepeBesB, oTJS^aBinHxca MajioseMejrieM^, odpaxEJiflOB ri ycrpoft- 
OTBy He6ojn>EiEX'B 8aBe;^eHift, MEoria esi ROTopuxi Bnocjrb^CTBiE npe- 
ofipasoBaiECB wb oGniEpEBia $a6pERE. RpecTBase, pas'B nojty^EBi 
npaso saBOAETB $a6pHRE e HaEy(j[)aRTypii aa pa^y cb irpoqEHE cooio- 
BiaiTE, EBEJiECB o^^HEME E3i> caiiBixi np6AnpiEM^EB£LrB ;(iaTejrefi Ha 
nonpEE^ npoMUEiJieEHocTE. TiTb BS^bJOM — cETi^eBua, noioTHaHua, 
nieiROBua— saqacryio ORastiBaiECB mhofo xemeB^e ^afipE^HUx^. Ho 
Bce 8T0 osEBiesie npoMBmuieHHOCTE GOcpeAOTO^EBajcocB Ha He6oj[B- 
moirB npocrpaHCTBi orojko o^Horo uoHTpa (Mocrbbi), nojiBaoBaBinaroGii 
uoflOEOJriefi Ha ofimEpHoirB pHHRt. MocKOBCRoe paaopeeie 1812 r. 
HaEecJO y^ap'B BTOMy osEBiesiD: vb oAHofi MoorbI nocjrb nosapa 
saRpujtoGB oROJio 600 MOJEREX^ H RpynsHX'B saBo^^esift, a crojtbro 
norE6j[o exi bi* yi^sj^ax'B! MtcTHue h npHnuue pa6o^e e Hacrepa 
8TEX^ MaEy^aRTypi pasneojiE cboe naBHRE h SEasia npovHCJOLOB'B 
no oejeniaiirB coo^^hexi ryCeprnft — BjiaAHiiipoRoft, PasaHORofi e ;^py- 
FExii, BQdjili Boj^Bopaa BEaROMua fliTB npoH^BOj^oTBa. Cxporo sanpeTE- 
TeJiBHHft Tapfl^i 1822 r. ^ajTB toji^ori A&^HifimeMy pasBETuo npo- 
HBinuieEHooTE. UeJiRia npoMHouieHHBra e^HHEi^ TRai^Raro paftona, 
6iaroi^apa noRpoBHreJiBCTBeHHBiirB MiponpiaTiairB npaBEreaBCTBa, npe- 
BpaTEJFECB Bi* TRanjRia Maaycj^aRTypii, ROTopEia bi cbok) o?epe;(B 06- 
yojiOBEJiE SHaqETejiBHoe paoEpooTpaHeHie TRa^ecTBa B'b ^opnt jO[Otfam- 
Haro BaHaiia RpecTBani). «B'b bto to BpoMa, roBopHTB A. KopcaR'B, 
Bi OTHomeEiax'B ueiRjsj (j^adpE^HOft e ^j^OMamselSf 4)optfofi npoMKEUieE- 
HocTE coBepniEJiEEOB E^ROTopua fnopeHtHH. ^0 cEXi nopx cej[BCRie 
peMecjreEHBRK sanEMajrECB caHOCToaTeiBHo TRa^eoTBOMi e ;i;pyrEMH 
$a6pE?EHMH saEETiaME y ce6a ^ova e aa coficTBeEHBiA c^otb, b-b 
$a6pERax'B se npesKxe GOcpe;^oToqEBaj[ooB Bce nponsBOj^cTBo B'b ero 
^iJ[ocTE, Ha^EHaa orB nepBUX'B h ao nooni^^HEXi* onepanjifi. Tenep& 



SyCTAPHAa nPOHKmJIBHHOCTB HA BUCTABK'fi 1896 T. 181 

OHH OTJlikjiEjm OTh Ce6fl HiROTOpHfl OnOpai^iH np0H3B0ACTBa H GAi- 

JiaiH peHecj[eHHH&OBi> cbohma paooxHSKaMii. iiocji:^ 1825 ro^a xjion- 
^aTo-GjMasHue $a6pHKaHTH ciajiE pas^aBaTB 6yMasHyK) npasy 
AepeBeHCRHM'b TKa^aML sa saAtJiMyn njiaTy. Ci^ TpHAAaxuxi) poaofb 
To^Ho Tasse pa8;y)o6HJiacb e cyKOHHaa npoMHinjieHfiocTb, EoTopaa ^o 
Ttxt nop^ i^tjiHKoin> cocpeAOTOiHBaJiacb bii oahIixi e rbxi se $a6pH- 
Kaxi. Bh MocKOficsoft ry6epfiiH xKaqecTBO JLersHXi mepcTflHLix'L Ha- 

lepiA H H'bKOTOpHX'B pOAOBl CpeAEHX'L CyKOHl> CXaJIO npOH3BOAHTBGa 

Bh 6oiBnioMi» KO^iH^ecTBl EpecTBHHaMH MHorHXi) ;],epeBeflL MocKOBCKaro 
B KoioMeflOKaro ytSAoBB. Mnorie MOCEOBCKie Kym^u HaiaiH OTAaBaxB 
niepcxB npHABJiBn^HEaM'B, npaasy xKa^aicB, a oypoBBe KpacnuiBiuHKaM'B 
H ox6i^Bapsaii7>; He HMta hh cxpoenifl, hh aaKynoEi MaxepiajoLOBi, 
HH Tbxi orpoMfliix'B pacxoAOBB, KoxopuMH oCpeMeHeHu 4^a6piiEaHxu. 
Ob dxoro BpeueHH y nacB yxBepAHJiacB doMutuwiH cucmeMa njpaus' 
eodcfnea^ Koxopan b'b Hamefi npoMHm;LeEHocxH Cujoia aBJieHieMB iio3a- 
vJ^tdnflMB B'B cpaBH6HiH OB 3anaAHoio. Ona B03HH&iia oi* oaho^ cxo- 

PUHII H3B HepBOguXHUXl) AOMaUIflAXB py&OAtJli^ KpeCXBaHl* (a He £31 

peMecJia, KasB Ha sanaA'^), Koiopue co BpeM6HH ocHOBaHia ^aopnsE 
HanajiH pa6oxaxB no 8a£a3y j^aOpH&anxoBB, cb APjroH — Oujlo pesyjiB- 
TaxoMB ({^afipH^HOH cflcxenBi, Eoxopaa, aBHBmHCB BfieBanno, aojukha 
CBuia BuocjitACXBiH pasjLoaEBXBca, BBiAtjiHXB H:fisoxopua OiiepaiUH npo- 
H3B0ACXBa A^H AOtfaiuHefi npoMUOiJieHHOcxH* *). 

IIpoiiiJEo 6ojite nojyoxojitxifl h boxi> mu sacxaeMB bi» Mocsobceoh 
ryfiepHia yse BaojLEt onpeA'^HBinynoa, apso o^iep^eHayio EapxHay 
rocnoACXBa AOMauiHeH 4^opMU spyanofi npuMfJHLieHHocxa bb npoHS- 

BOACXB'Jb H3Atj[iH H31» BOJIOEHflCXUXB BeO^eCXBB. BB 8Xy HMeHHO $OpMy 

oOjieqeHo xasi Ha3UBa6aoe «KycxapHoe XKa<iecxBO» MoceobceoA ry6. 
Co6paHHHe cxaxHGXH^ecEHM'B cxA^^eHieifB MOcsoBCEaro ry6epHCKaro 
seHcxBa, B'B xe^enie 1880 — 1881 rr., cb^a'^^ o $a6pHsaxB oOaa- 
pyaKHjH, qxo rjiaBHoe soj[E!iecxfiO H3AtJiia XEai^uiXB Maaj^^aExyp'B 
Bbipa6axi>iBaexca aa AoaaxB specxBflHB, flpa^eiiB py^Hua ^aopaEH, 

B'B SOXOpUXB BCe np0H3B0AC'XB0 CSOHHaHXpHpOBaHO HCEJlDUXtaBHO B'B 

$a6pHqHHXB 3AaHiaxB, jipeAcxaBJiaroxB p^A^toe aoKJiioqeHie **j. He 
ocxaBjiaa Coshmeio qaoxBK) cbohxb BeMiieAtJLBqecEHx^ saaaxid, EpeciB- 
ane ryeepnia, b-b oco6eHHOcxH UoropoACEaro h BpoHflJmEaro y'fc3A0fei>i 
pa6oxaioxi> ae aeate, ^aiwb Ha 45595 xEai^KHX'B cxaaaxB bb cbuhx'b 
aaOax'B hjh MejusaxB saBeAeniax'B (c&ixdJiEaxB), bb ^lhcjl'^ 6o;ite uI^mb 
200U0 qai., npoHBBOAa 6yMasBuxi>, mepcxaaux'B a meJLSOBuxi us- ' 
AtJiift aa cyaay ao 21 mbji., esi> EoxoptixB 2.I>5Q,000 p.* cjciaBJiaerB 
Hii sapaooxoET,. Bb npoasBOAcxB* A©ifl©BWX'B XEaaea B'B oyaaro- 
TEai^KOM-B npoMHOJit XEa^a paSoxaioxB npeaMymecxBeaao y ce6a AOMa, 
HO HBdaai, Bceft ceifBea, nojuy^aa MaxepiaAH uxb ^^aOpaEaaxoB^ aiia 



*) A. KopcsK'b, cxp. 142. 
**) C6opH. CTST. cB'bA'bHifl :no MocBOBcsoft r3r<^epHiH. 14. YIl. Bun. III. 
Jtf . 1888 r. crp. 7. 



182 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

noopej^HH^ecKHTB KOHTopi no pasAa^i Maiepiaia; fb npoBSBOAOTBik 
6oAe AoporHTB TKanefi, mejaosfiixi h mepcTflHEix'B, pa6oTa npoHcxo- 

pmb 06£ISH0BeHH0 Bl «OB^Tej[RaX'E> HenHTB nocpoAHHKOBi, HaCTOp- 
KOB%, nojiET^aDmHX'B Maiepiai'b otl ^atipHRaHTOBi h KOHTopi h otb^- 
qaDmHX'B sa Hero h saEa^ecTBo Biiipa6oTaHHiirx% HS/^&nft. Hsi Bcero 
^cia TKa^eft tojibeo 30% paSoiaiorB b^b oBixejiKaxi, npHqeui. Ha 
icasATD npirxoAETCfl orojio IO-th cranoB'B, ocTaJiBHue 70% saHflTU 
npoMKicjiaifH B'B Hsdaxi. Ho cyn^ectBeHHoft pasHHi^u ues^ btemh 
jifiywi THnaMH MacTepcRnx'B HirL, i B'B tom'b h bi ;ipyroM'B cjEj^at 
pafioTU npoHSBOj^flTCfl npH noHoms naeMHHX'B TEa^ei, Roropue ho^th 

miKOTJUBk He HBJIHDTCfl 006CTBeHHHEaMH npOHSBOAHMBIXl* ESA^M, Pa- 

6oTa Ha Aovaxii npHdJiHsaeTcs wb btoitb cjiy^ai kx xott ^acTHot 
^opifi j^OManiHe-npoininueHHaro npoH3Bo;^CTBa, ROTOpoe B. SotfCaprB. 
onpejT&ureT'B HasBaHieHi) naeMHoU^ Kor^a npe^npHnHMaTejiB AOciaB- 
AflOTB AOHaniHeMy pa6oqeMy npH saRasi h MaTepiajiH, oupBO, h no- 
TOMB B£iA&eTB oiiy HJiaTy no ^iHCJiy mxyRi npHroTOBieHHaro ToBapa. 
CB^TOJioqHaa se cncxeMa npH6jiHsaeTca ri xaRi HasHBaeiiOHy JQoh- 
cROMy THny (fabrique collective), Rorfl;a Mea;^y npeAnpHHEMaxeieiTB 
Ryni^oH'B, GOAepsan^HUi ROHTopy h saRynann^nirB meiRi cb oj^hoK 
CTopoHH, H pafio^HMX— CB ;ipyroft, aBMeica nocpe;i;HHR'B MaciepB, cra- 

Bflni;ifi B'B CBOeft MaCTepCROft niCROJIBRO TRai^RHX'B CTaHROB'B H HaHH- 

vaioniifi paGo^Hxi («noAuacTepBeB'B»). TaRHMi o6pa30irB, icoacerB. 
6htb eAHHCTBeHHoe, tto oriH^aerB Hame laRi nasBiBaeHoe <RycTapHoe 
TRaqecTBO» OTB CTOJiB pacnpocTpaHeHHaro Vb FepMaHiH «;^MamHaro 

npOH8BO|(CTBa», 8T0 SaHHTle HMli, RaRB nOA006H£rHl npOMHCJEOH'B npE 
CeJCbCROlTB XOSflflOTBi. 3Ta 0C06eHH0CTB 3aCTaBJ[fleT'B OTHOCHTB AOEam- 

HDH) npoMHniJieHHOOTB PocciH Kh oco6oMy THny — aBOCToqHO-eBponeft- 
CRofi $opMt AOuamneS npoMiimjteHHOCTH>, coe;^HeHHOft Bcer^a cb 
8dHJie;!i;ij[ieM^, ho nejiBSfl 3a6BiBaTB Toro, mto . bb PocgIh, B'B Maio- 
aeneiBHuxB HicTHOCTflX'B, THni ceJiBCRaro xoaaficTBa npH6j[H2|caeToa 
Ri TOMy napi];ej[j[flpHOMy xosaflcTBy, ROTopoe nep'^AKO Bcxp'i^qaeTca h 
Ha pflAy CB rocnoACTByx)ni;HH'B npoMUCJioMB, 

^0 CHXl DOpB Mil RacaiHCB, RaRB HCTOplH, TaKl H COBpOMB^- 

He8 op^aHH3a^iH, rjiaBHUMi o6pa30M^ rbxB OTpacjiefi npoMunuteH- 

HOCTH, ROTOpHfl BO HOpBLlXB, COCpeAOTO?eH£I BB OrpaHH^eHHOMB paSOHil,. 
BO-BTOp£[X^ CHJlBHie BCOrO npe^CTaBJIHlDrB B3aHM0A']^HCTBie RpynHOH 

$a6pHqHo3 npoMBrmieHHocTH h mojurexb AOuaniHHX'B npoMNej[OB'B?\ 
PesyjDLBTaTM SToro BaanMoji^HCTBiH ne onpe;i;tj[H]DTB OAsaRO en^e o6- \ 
n^aro xapaRxepa namefi cejiBCRoft npoMHnuieHHOcTH. Poccia npe^cTaB- 
uerB H3'B ce6a aacTOJiBRO o6niHpHoe, cjiosHoe h pasnoofipasHoe no 
CBOEMB ecrecTBeHHBiMi H coii;iaiBHiiM'B yojroBiaM'B i^joe, ^to pasxaq- 
Hua ea o6jiacTH jifiXTssa sHanaTejiBHo pa3JiiHqaTBca no xapaRiepy roc- 
no^cTBynn^flxx bb hhx'b (j^opMB npoM&iniJieHHOcTH. J^'bjio bi tom'b, qro 
^opMBi axiTHe cocxaBJiaiDT'B cjiyqafiHaro asjieHia: OHi TtcHO cBflsaHu 
CB cocToaHieM'B Bcero HapoAaaro xosaScTBa; ofin^ecxBeaHofl shseh a- 



KyCTAPHAfl nPOMUmiBHHOCTB HA BHGTABKI^ 1896 T. 183 

Ryji&Tjpu; Ha hhx'b neshds* oxpTpiTB, Rasi Ha ^rro to cyrjx^bsbEoe otb 

HCTOpiH I^HBHlHSaiUH BOOfin^O, EaR-B Ha HCRJHDieHie HBl o6wiYb saRO- 

HOBi pasBHTifl. MaiepiaiBHoe h jMCTBeHHoe coctohhIb napo^a h wh 
^acTHOCTH pasiHqHHX'L ero RiaccoBi, ypoB6HB ero norpedHocrefl h 
()6pa80BaHifl, pacnpeA^eme ero HpoHSBOAHreJiBHiix'B chjtb, ero o6n;e- 
OTBeHHaa oprannsai^ h mhosoctbo APyrHxi oTHomeHifi jiflzmnu ne- 
npeiitHHo ;];ittcTB0BaTB Ha li cnocoGu, rotophmh ohi yAOBJiOTBopflerb 
CBOHMi HysAaui, ne roBopa o caMoirB oGn^eni h chjcbhohi BJOflmHi 
BJOAHiH npHpoA^i, ROTopoe OiiBaeTB ooo6eHHO sair^THO vb nepBHa 
anoxH HapoAHaro xoaaficTBa. 

Ha TaRofi HepBOHaqaJU»Hoft CTaAiH nponiniieHHaro paaBHTifl Ha- 
xoAHTca, HanpHirbp'B, naniH oKpauntA. 

d^ich Mil BCTi^qaeKCfl RaRi pasi ci tiwb innoirb npoininueH- 
Haro cocTOHHiH, ROTopoe paHie mu jRasuBaiH, RaRi* hcxoahuA aia 
iipoMiimjieHHaro pasBHTifl i^enrpaiBHoft PocoiH. IIoABHraaoB otb na- 
mnxi BOCTO^Huxi oRpannx, mh nocAiAOBaTeuHo BCTp^qaeirB cjit^ 
Aynn^fl sBJieHifl. 

Uepe^'B HaMH onncame 6HTa ceJBCRaro HacejeniH EpRyTCKoft 
ryfiepmn. *). KaRi y HHoposqecRaro Haceieienifl ry6epHiH, TaRi. h 
y pyccRaro, wb ocoCeHHocTH bi rjiyxHX'B, OTAajneHHUxi otb ropoAOBi 
If TpaRTOBi MtcTHOCTHXi, HpeoGjiaAaorB naxypaJiBHas $opMa 3eiue- 
A^JiBqecRaro h CROTOBOAqecRaro xosflScTea, AoMamaie npoMUciu pas- 
BHTH ropasAO fiojiie, qiifB RycTapHue. 06yBB h o^esA^ npoHSBOAatofl 
Bsi cBOHxi HaTepiajioBi pa60T0X) oaMBxi) norpeGETOJieft. UepexoA'B R^ 
AOHesHofi (M'bHOBofi) (jfopub san^TeH'B TOJiBRO y flaceieHifl 6jD[Hsat» 
niBxi Ri ropoAy HpRyTCRy h MOCROBCRosiy xpaRTy MicTHOorefl. Ta- 
Bie AOHamnie npoMUCJiH, RaR-B Bu^^iRa Roan> h npnrOTOBJieHie o6yBH» 

BpOHSBOAOTBO XOJLCTa H CyRHa, B-b fioiBmeft HIE HOHBindft CTeaOHH 

pa3BHTU noBCOH'bcTHo. XojcTH npoHSBOAATCfl rpy6ue-— A^^A lri^inROBl»y 
MOHie rpy6ue— AJifl OAesAU htohrIo a-^a — noioTOHi^eBi h CRaiepTeS. 
RpecTBflHCRoe cyRHO haotb rjoLaBHHirB o6pa30iiB na OAesAy AU 
caifHxi uponsBOAHTejeS h hxx ceneflcTB'B. IIOHeMEory RpecTBflHe npo- 
AasTB cyRHO CBOHifB coci^AflMi-dypaTaH'B no 80 r. — 1 p. 3a apmiiHi 
KysHe^Hutt npoMucejTB HiitrB bha'b riasHHirB o6pa30M'B peMecia; 
pa6oTaK)TB 6ojn>meD qacTBX) nocejeni^, BuaojiHHfl pasHHH Rysneq- 
BBUE pa6oTU Ha 3aRadi>. TejiirH, cann h npo^ifl cpeACTBa nepoABH- 

SCeniH 60J[BinHHCTB0 XOSflflCTBl np0H3B0AHrB Ca^pCTOflTeJIBHO, HO RO- 
JHeCHHRH BBIA^HJIHCB Bl OOOOilXl* peHOCJieBHHROBl, HUilOn^X'B HOCTO- 

AHHuft 8apa6oTOR'B no xpaRTaifB. 

OcHOBHSiTB ^aRTOMi npomiHiJieHHaro pa3BHTifl HaceieHia 6oite 
sanaAHoS ry6epHiH Ch6hph, — ToffoAtcKou, HBifleTCA laRse $opMa nary- 



*) nxinocTpHpoBaHHoe onHcaHie 6uTa cesbCRaro HacejieHifl HpKyTosoft ry6. 
GocraBieHO H. A. Mojioau^'b h n. £. Ryj[aKOBiiHi>, noA'B peAesi^ieft Q.U. Ce- 
MeHOBa. TpYAU BocTOVHO-GHfiBpcRaro OTA'&Jia Hiinep. PyccRaro Feorpaj^ira 
06ii^ecTBa no yiiacTiK) OT^^a na BcepociflcKofl BucraBst 1896 r. CTp. 198—20 
201, 213. 



184 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

pajiBHaro zosaftcTBa *> Bci rjiasHue npoAHeTu xosaficTBa k ;^0Mani- 
fiflro o6HXOAa: xojictu, i^tTHHfl nojiOTHa, reiirH, caHH, BepesKH, 
coxH z np. RasAaa ceMBfl caiia iipoh3boabti jpa cBoero norpeGiesrifl 
H jiHinB ociaTSE OTL nocjT^AHflro npoAaoTL na cropoHj. Ha oi* ojsjLoii 
cTopoHK Bu^ij^jamcb B'B Kaa^oHt MHorojooAHOMq. nTHKTt npo^ecoio- 
naiBHue pevecieHEHKH bi npoE3BOACTBaxi, Tpe6yDii(flxi oco6aro 
yMiHifl: Kysseiiu, opysefiHHKH, Haorepa 6oj[ie caoshuxi cejBCRo-xo- 
^aficTseHHHX'L opyAifi (Mo;ipTHj[Osi», b&ulokl), obwhhhkh, demo- 
KaTU H np., pafiOTaDiipe no saKasavi na Aonaxi h y ce6fl. 

Ha pa^y CT» BTHHl npOHSBOJKHTejIH HiSOTOpUX'B HdA^Jtift, HMilOn^X'L 

nocTOflHHuft H 6ojrBniofi c6urB, cocpe;(OTO^Hj[HOB Ha CBoeiTB npotfucji'fe 
HaciojBKo, HTO pa6oTaH)rL yse na punoKi h HasjieKaiDTB h31 Toro 
SHa^HTejiBHuft sapafioTOKB: CD^a oTSOcflTca Ryanei^u coniHHKOB'B, 
ropmeqHHKH, fioHAapn h TORapH, KopsHnn^BKH, porosEHKH, pyKaBuq- 

EEKE E np. B'B siEOpHX'B CJCpiaSTb OKOJIO TOfOJlfiBli 6lE300T& 06niEp- 

Haro c6HTa Be^erB Ki TOMy, tto ^poB3Bo;^CTBo CTaHOBETCE sa noiBy 
HaeifHaro Tpy^a, cocpeAOTO^EBaECB wb 0C06UXI saBeAeHiflX'B, Kasi 
aTO KH naxoAEMB B'B BepoBO^BOKii, soseBeHEOM'B, roH^apsoifB E jijp. 
npoMuoiaxi. 

HepefiAeiTB ^epesi YparB. Uepexh saME BumcKOH xy6^HiH^ 
BBiAan^aflcfl no pacnpocipaHeHEocTH bi sefi GejiBCKExi npoHHCJioB'B. 

Ho AAHHUH'B nOABOpHOft OnECE, npOESBe^eHHOfi SOMCRElfB CTaTECTE- 

qecKBMi Ciopo Bi Te^enie nocj[*;i;BBXi ji4tb (c^ 1884 r. sa 1894 r.), 
Bcixi KyoTapefi Hac^ETUBaeTCE bi> Hefl ;^o 150.783 HeJ[OBiR^, ne 
c^ETafl 54.733 "^eJioB., saBflTux'B jAchhme npoMucjiaME: pyfiRofi ;q[>OBi>, 
Ao6K[BaHieMi> ym, RopnE, 6epecTU, JiHRa e t. n., ^xo BMicrt ^aerb 
yse ilfl#y 205.516**) ^OJiOBtRi. IIpE btoitb na^o sMtTB b^ BSAy, 

qro B'B 8TO "^EGIO He BXOAHTB peMOOiTeHHERE: HAOTHHRE, nEJlBn^EKEr 

RaMeEBnp[RE e np.> AOCTnraioniie HEcieEHocTE 98.100 'leioBiR'B. FjiaB- 
Hyio rpynny npoMSCJioBi npeAcraBjifliorB npomicjiu no o6pa6oT£i^ 
AepeBa, rotophmh saBETo ao 47*/o Bcixi Ryciapeft (64.208 m^n.) 
E 63 — Bctx'B peifeaffeflSEEOFB (71.346 ^eir.), He roBopa jisi^ax'B, 

SaBETBIX'B JOiiCHIIME npOMUCJiaME. OC06eHH0 BUAaiOn^EMECE ESB jipeBO- 

.06pa6aTiiiBaH)niEX'Bnp0HS0J[0FBflBJiflH>TCfl: dREnasEufi (12452 Rycrapfl), 
CTOJiapHufi (5593 h.), TORapHBcS (700 qes.), 6oHAapHB[ft, lOSRap- 
siifi, Tpy6oqHiifl, RopemROBHX'B fl RanoBux'B E3AiJiifi E np. BExcRie 
/^peBOjitju npejiCTaBJiflDTB e3i ce6fl TEnn^HHX'B Rycrapefi: He noREAaa 
seiueAikiiE, obe pa6oTaK)TB ie^hhh'b xpyAOirB e xpyAOMX oeiiBB, 



*) KaTSSorii h o6iiflCHeHie KOiaeRi^, npeACTaBieHBUZ'B H8% To6oJiBCBofl 
ry6epHlH sa zyAosecTBeBBO-npoiiHnuieBHofl sucraBB'b vh H.-HoBropoA:b wh 
1896 r. Tpy^H ToCojiLCBaro BcooMoraTejiLHaro ROMHrera no ycTpoftcTBy bh- 
craBKH. BmrycKi V, q. 11. H. H. Hocob'b „RycTapHafl apoMHSueHaoGTB''. 

**) KpaTKift oiepKi. KycTapHoft npoMHUUieHHOCTH bi BaTCROfl ryC, (IIpHjiG- 
sesde vb yBasaTeoH) dRcnoBaTOB'B BflTOBaro KycTapnaro (ytpjbjiK na BucTaBK'b 
1896 r.) MaTepiajiH no omicaHiH) npoHucjiOBi Bi Bstck. ry6. Bun. I— V 
1889-1893 rr. 



KYGTAPHAa nPOIIUniJ[£ffHOCTB HA BHGTABE'B 1896 F. 185 

npHHHHaa nHorjia, eciH TOro TpedjDrt TexHHqeoKia ycjEOBifl npoes- 
Bo^^CTBa H HHiepeoi pasji'bseHlfl ipj^a, pa^o^HX'B, padAtiflH)iiiHX'L 

0;(HaKO 01 HEME OAEHaKOBKIfl JCIOBIH SH3HH; padOTaDTL ESI MaTO- 

piaia coCcTBeHHarOf xote h noKynnoro, hCubsjotl ESjsjbjdsL na 6a8a- 
pax^ H Bi ropoAi cRynnurKaMi e npoissEH'b ToproBi^aMi. Bo^tb iipe- 
o6j[a;iaDiDiaa $opMa ceiBCKofi npoMunueHHOCTH BflTOKofi ry6epHiH, 
aa KOTopoH) cb uossuwb npaBom MoserB 6utb coxpaHOHO HauHeHo- 
BaHie Kycmaptwii. Tasofi se xapaKxepi HirbDTB e npo^e npoMucJiu 
no o6pa6oTK'b bojioeseotkui:ii BeniecTBi, Koan> e fjiehh. Koeo^iho, sy- 
orapn fiojcbinHHOTBa OTpaosefi npOMumjieHEOOTE HcnuTUBaDrb na 
ce6i AABJieHie pocroBiOEqeo&aro Kannraia, Vb ocoOohhoote npE ao- 
KynKi MaTepiajoBi, e TepnnTB nps cCsrb totobuxi E3;i;tjiift on 
MOHonojiH GRyn^EEOBi, RTO RpajftHe noHHsaerB exi 8apa6oTOE'B. Ho 
Boe se rocnoj^cTByiDiDiil Tnin» bc^x'b 8tex^ npOHUcuEOBi: npoESBo^- 
CTBa Kosasofl o6yBE, BaieHofi, MoraiJiEqecRHxi ESA'bJKifi, porOBKx'B, 
rapMOHiK E npo^aro, ootb teitb Heuoft ceHeftEoft npoMsmjieHHofi oae- 
EEJiUy Hspt^Ra (TB 1 — 2 pa6oTHERaMs, pa6oTaDii](efi sa pusoR'B, hsi 
CBoero Maiepiajia e npn ochobsoh'b saHflTiE seMJej^ieMi. Tojbro ho 
MHorie npoHXiOJDiy onepspyDiiue sa^'B fioiie i^tHSHME HaTepiaianE e 
Tpefiyioiiue Goji'ito CAOTBauan TexEflqeoREXi npEciioGofijieHifi, RaR'B to 
ROseBQHBHft, coGpeAOToqflBaffi^cfl FJiaBHBnrB o6pa80Mi> vb Rpyanux'B e 
q)eAflEX'B aaBe^^eEiflxi, Hapfl^y ci ROTopuME, o^iHaRo^ GymjecTByiorB e 
MejiRie RosefieHHue saBOAU, BupadaTUBaDn^ie HEsmie GopTa rose h 
€6uBax)iipe exi> sa irbcTHUxi fiasapaxi. OpraHEsaipfl GRopsfls* 
Haro npoHUGja npsEflJia yxe laRyx) ^piiy, nps ROTopofi npoESBOAErejiE 
pa6oTaDTi> sa xossEsa nonrryqHo sa^ roTOBaro saTopiajia. 

IIoj^BEraflGB A^ie, fijiEse Ri i^esTpaiBsoE npoMumjiesHsoft no- 
Jioci PoGGiE, Ku Borp'bqaeMGE CO Bce 60^1^6 BospaGTaDn^eft RansxajiH- 
sai^ieft cejiBCROfi nposumjieHsooTE. Bi HiMtcetopodcKoU tySymiu mu 
Eaxo;iflH'B RkRi oaMBie pa3Hoo6pa8HHe nposHOJiu, TaRi> s oasufl pa3- 
JDiqEua $opMU EYb 8R0H0MBqeGR0ft op^aHE3a^iE. OAsaRo pafiOHEi 
ocofiesHo GEJ[Bsaro cnjiomsoro pacnpocTpaseHis Toro ejih ssoro npo> 
jiHCJia, r;^ osii o6ssMaeTB a^IstojoiBOgtb meofexi pyR'B s ssierB 3a 
006010 OTAaieHsoe npomjioe, ;(aH)TB sasi Bed^i spRyHX RapTHsy ro- 
cnoAGTBa npoMinnjiesEaro Ransraia, SBJuiDn^iroGfl pyROBOAsreJieM'B 
npoE3Bo;tCTBa h xo3flEsoin> c6uTa. Botb, sanpHMipi*, GTaieGieGapBHH 
pafioFB c. UaBJioBa TopfiaTOBORaro jizAa,, 01 ero ssaMeHHTHM'b hoxo- 
BiiH'B E saMoqHHHii npoE8BOAOTBOH-B. Boero BT> 119 Geiesiflxi o;i;Horo 
TopCaTOBGRaro yte^a fb 1889 r. npoBSBOACTfioirB sosei, bejioki, 

HOSHHI^'B, SaMCOBl, nOAHEAROBli, BtCOBBIX'B ROpOMUGOJir'B E Up. 6U10 

sasflTo AO 5954 ABOpoBi s Vb hex^ 6570 pafioTSSROB'B HyaRGRoro 
nojia E 2741 qejoBiRi RZ-b OGiaiBsoro saceieHis. Ups stoitb 4435 
paCoqsxi, eje 67,1% e3T» qsGJia saasMaDii^flxofl npoMUGJioirLy sa- 

SEMaiECB EITB EGRJIlDqSTeJIBHO *). PadJIEqEUO BEftH npOESBOAOTB'L, 



*) MaTepiajiu vh oi^'bHBt seiieAB HHseropoA* py6, Ctsthct. OTA'bi. He- 
jserop. 176. sen. ynpaeu, Bun. YII. ropCaTOBCKift ybsAi, cTp. 5S. 



186 PyCCKOB BOFATCTBO. 

Cfi0fiCTB6HHHe CQJLJ IlaBIOBJ, EaKl E BOeMJ IlaBJIOBOKOMy pafioHj, Ha 

wb OAHHaKOBoft cTenoHH npHGjmsasTCfl k'b THiiy wcto RjcrapHurb. 
PasHHi^a Bi creneRE cnemiajifldaipfl painqHUX'B qaoiefi npoMucjia h 
pasA^jieHiH xpy^a npHBOXHTB ki> tomj, hto HiKoropue bhau npoHS- 
BOj^oTB'B Bi» SHa^HTeuHOit OToneHH jse saxBa^eHU $a6pHEoi hjolh na- 
Hj^aETypofi $a6pj3^Haro Tsna. TaK'b npoHSBOACXBo CTOJiOBaro uh: 
peuecjieHHaro Hosa, noAnEiROB'B, b^cobuxi KopoifucejrB Be/^excfl hih 
HaeMHUMi ipyAOMi B'b xosflficsHX'B 3aBeAeHiaxi> hjilh uyxeirb pasxau 
pa6oTH Ha AOMa Kycrapflifb. dxa aooiiAHHH 4^opMa — AOManiHflfl j^opua^ 
KpynHoft npoMHmieHHOoTH — npeAcraBiHeirb thitl HaaGojii^e pacnpo- 
GrpaHOHHufi Bi> naBJioBCKOM'B paftoffb. IIpoMUCJOM'B, B'b HanGojiLnieft 
cTeaeHH coxpaHHBmHU'B 3a co6ok) RycrapHiift THni, flBiflerca npoMH- 
cejn* saHOUut. Bi saMo^HOirB npoMuoJii Bci onepai^iH mofjtb h 
^acTo npodBOAHTCfl Ha caMOM'b a^^ OAHiMH H rbHH se pyRaHH, no 
spatHefi ifipi Bi> OAHOMi AOHt ceKLeio Kycrapa. OAHaso h bi 3a- 
MoqEOicb npoMUGjrb pflAOMi cb ooGcTBeHHtiM'L npaKTHEyeTCfl h Haen- 
H£ifi TpyA'B; KpoMi TOro ecTb emjd MacTepa, Ha KOTopuxi^ pa6oTaioTB 
KyorapH na Aonaxi, B'B canouB IlaBJiOBi h en;e 6oiBnie no ^epoB- 
HfltfL *). TaREiTb TO o6pa30H'B BB naBJioBCKOM'B paioffb HflseropoA- 
csofi ry6epHiH hs'b o6iii;aro HEOJia 5954 ABopoB'B pa6oTaH)rB y oe6a 
Ha 6a3ap'B 2616, na xoSHHHa — 2623 h B'b pa6oTHHKax'B b'b qysoft 
MacTepcKoft— 716. Ho oaMOCToaxeJiBHOCTB Tixi, eto pafioxaerB Ha da- 
sapB, KaRB Hanp. naBJiOBGRie sauo^HERs, JEHiiiBRasyiaaflGfl: c6uTb, mo- 

HOnOJIHSEpOBaHHHfi Bl>pyRaX'BHeMHOrEX'B MiCTEHX'B CRyn^SKOBB E TOp- 

roBi^eB'B, OT^aeTB exb Boei^'i^o bo BiacTB dTEX'b hocj^aeexb, Roiopue 

H HBJUUOTOa pyROBOAETeJEEMH DpOESBOACTBa E rOCEOAaME pUERa. 

BosBMeiTB jiE Mu Apyrofi BEAHufi npoMHcojiB HflseropoACROfi 
ry6epHiH: BajuiJiBflufi npoMUceit'B CeneHOBCRaro e BaiaxHZECRaro 
yidAOB'B, o6EEMaionU£ cBume 4000 pa6oqEXB pyR'B, e b'b somb saE* 
6ojile pacnpocrpaHesEOH) ^opMOS) npoE3BOACTBa cjiysHTB AOMamsiia 
4)opMa RpyEEofi npouumjieHflocTE — pasAa^a xosaeBaiiE mepoTH sa 
AOHa E pacEJiaTa 3a roTOBua nsAiJiifl nomiyqEO **). Ho peaou'b cb 
TiH-B, RaRi B'B CeM6S0BCR0H'B ybsA^, TaRi E Bx 6ojrbe neiREX'Bpaftosax'B 
pacnpocTpasesiE btopo npoMUCJia b'b rop6aTOBCROH'B yi^A'b, cyn^e- 
cTByiorB RyorapE, caHOCToaTaiBso EsroTOBJEionUe ESAiJua Ea npoAasy. 
Pa60Ta Ea xosEEHa, e3*b ero MaTopiajia npeofijaAaerB e wb rB03Aap- 
HOM'B pafioH']^ CeuoEOBCRaro yisAa, B'B npoHucii mtnefi HEseropoA- 
CRaro ytsAa, bi npoMUCii BuxflrEBaHifl M^AEOfi npoBOJiORE EXRasBt 
MeTaJEJUEiecREX'B noJOTBEB c. BoBBOAHaro. B'B RoseBOHEOMB npo- 
SBBOACTB'b ropCaioBCEaro pafioaa npeo6jiaAaK)n](iS beab pa6oTu — 
HaeMHUH TpyAi> B'B ^ysoft MacxepoRofi; xaRB pa6oxaDXB 877 



*) HHseropOACRaA ry6epHifl no HBCjrbAOBaHinirb ry6epHCBaro seMcrsa. Bcie- 
pocciftcsafl BHCTaBRa 1896 r. Hba. HHsepopoA. TyC. SeMCTBa, SfimycR'b 11^. 
RycTapHne npoMHczm HHseropOACRoft ryCepmH, 47 cTp. 

**) M. UaoxHRROB'b. KycTapHue npoMucjoz HHseropoAOROfl ry6epHiH. 
nsA. Hnacerop. rj6. Sen. crp. 241. 



RyCTAPHAfl nPOmmUEHEOCTB HA BBICTABKA 1896 V. 187 

paGoTHHKOBi HBi 1.240, TOF^a Kaxi 7 ce6A Ha xoBHHHa pa- 
6onvfFb 182 H Ha npo^asy 181. BeTiyxcEie porosHSKH TKyn* 
porosH HJfH caMOCTOflTejOiHO Ha 6a8api hjih €bi> TO?y», t. e. no 
saKasy xosfleBi* .hsi bxi naTepiaia. «Ho h nojioseme nepBBin 
hhckojibko He Jiy^me, ^iwh btophx'b, bi CHHcjit BKOHOMH^ecKofi He- 
aaBHCHMOCTH. ToproBJifl MO^JiOMi GoopeAOTO^eHa bi pysaxi iitcT-* 
Hux'b ToproBi^eBi cTticfl^HHEOBiY, KpTopue ero H BUpa6aTIIBaK)TI». 
nepeAaBi hhx Ha u^wb uo^ajia, porosHHRH o6pe^eH£i OTAaTB mth 
se Bi» pyRH H Bct BuroAH npoiOBOACTBa npH ofiurb. Ha HeMHorHX'L 
cRyniitHEOB'B-xo8fleBT» pa60Tai)i:b h B6TjryscRie cMOJiroKypsi, nojuyqan 
OTB HHxi vb Te^eme nepioAa BfirpaOoTRH Bcfc npBnacEi h o6fl8yfleL 
jtocraBJUiTB hm% na ^Bopi Bcb npoxyKTS neperoHKH no Mtpi Biipa- 
(Jotkh *). 

TasBiTB o6pa30]rL, Easifl 6u rjiaBHua OTpacjm cejn»GRofi npoHfiiin- 
leHHooTH vb efl Haafiojrbe BasHiirx^ nyHKTax'B pacnpoorpaHeHifl hu 

HH BdffJTH, MH BeSA^ HaXOAHlTB HX1> KanHTaiBSHpOBaHHUMH Wb do- 

MatuHim ^opMjf KpynnoH npoMutuAeHHOcmu. Toibko npoMuoJiii mo- 
Hie 3Ha^iHTeja»HU6, hjh pa6oTax)mie na^'B naionitHHiiM'B rpouosAKHMii 
MaTepiajnoiTB, coxpanfliorB ^hcto KycTapnyi) oeMefiHyn ^l^pify; bi po^t 
npomioiOBi 6oHAapHaro, KopsHHO^Haro, Tosapearo, sejrbsHaro, roH- 
^apnaro h aP- A^bojilho h hx'b, h HeMaioBaamo etb RHa^eme bi 
ofin^efi BKOHOMiH HapoAHaro xosaficTBa, ho Bce se bi as^hhoA ofijiacxH 
OHH He MoryTB KOHRyppHpoBaTb CB ynoMflHyTUHH BEime hh no o6nieA 
cyMHi npoH8Bo;^HTeJiBHocTH, hh no aROHOMH^eoRovy SHa^eHin bi sh8hh 
HaceJieHifl. 

XXocjiiAOBaTeJEBHo nepexo^pi pasjH^iHUfl oryneHH npoMunueHHaro 
pasBHrifl PoooiH, Ha^HHaa ci> ea bocto^hhx'b ORpaHHi, hu bhobb 
no;^OAHirB Kb TOMy i^enrpy HanGoJiie pasBHTOft h HanpflsenHoft npo- 
MunueHHofi SH8HH, ROTOparo RacaiHOB panie, onncuBaa xoa'b nameS 
npoMfizmjieHHOCTH h op^aHH8a^iI) Ryarapnaro TRa^eoTBa. Ms HMtu 

BOStfOSHOCTB yfitA^TBCa Vb TOITL, RdRl paSJIH^HU $OpMU 8R0H01CHqe- 

cRoft opraHH8ai];iH TOfi ceJiBCRofi npoHiinuieHHocTH, ROTopafl sa^acryi) 
oGjQteRaeroa y naci oAHHifB hihporhmi TepHHHOm nycmapnuHeemea. 
HaqHHaa otb ^opirB, OABa BUA^HBrnnxoH hbx o6jiacTH naTypaJEBHaro 
AOManiHHro xodflftoTsa, oni npHBOAflTB nacTB, b'b npoi^ecct OTHomemtt 
Tpy^a H RanHTaJia, Ri TOtt ^opirb AOManrneft npoHumjieHHOCTH, roto- 
pafl Ao OHXi nopi coxpaHHJiaoL na danaA'b, ne OMorpfl na TopseoTBo 
TaiTb RanHTajEHCTH^eoRaro naqajia. Mu ne noseifi hsbio^ H8'b aroro 
o6o3p']^Hifl RaRHX'B jra6o TBepAuxi AftHHiix'L, Tro6u ycraHOBHTb Bnojiffb 
TOHHo BsaHHHoe OTHonreHie fb nameu'B napoAHoiTB xo8flflcTBi ainxi 
AByxi npoRSBOAHTejBiBHUX'B cHii: npoMumjieHHOCTH Rpynnoit $a6pH«iH0- 
saBOAORot H M6i[Rofi ceuefiHo-RycTapHOft. Ho boba'^^ ta^ npomuueH- 



**") AoiuiaA% TexHHRa P. KpsHsanoBCRaro o porosHoifb h cuoaiocRiniHAap^. 
HOMi npomicjiax'b BersyscKaro Kpaa. Co6p. nocraHOB. XXX oqepeA* Hnserop. 
Ty6. 36M. Co6p. 1895 r. 



188 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

Has acHBHB npH dojTLmofl rycTOi^ HaceJueHifl n KyjELTypHOMi pa3BHTiH 
AocTHraeTL ocodeHHaro Hanpflsenifl, mu BHAHtfi) TeHAeHAiK) RaiiHTajia 
noA^HHHTB cefrb, obohbiii Buro;i;aMi oymecTByioniyK) ceJiBCRyK) npo- 
M£iinjieHHoA:B, pyqHoft xpyj^ seMJteAtJiBqecRaro nacejieHiA. 3toti Tp^xi> 
OKasuBaeTOfl HacTOJiBKo AsmeBHU'B, Cjiaro^apfl TOMy, ^to GojiBmeio 
^aciiK) ABJifleTCfl jihiiib noAoaopBBM'B ki* ocHO&HOMy aeBueAtiiBqecROMy, 
UTo BHTepaou RanHTajia ho Hys;^aK>TOfl bi saBt^feHi ero Tpy^oMi ma- 
mHEi. ^ase b'b t&xx orpacJiflx'B npovBuiuieHHOCTB, ROTopua npH6]^rjiH 
Ri cHJii iiapa B'B HasBaHaiiiXB onepaixiflxi npoHSBOACTBa, oKaauBaeTca 
He eedBuroj^HUUB noi[B30BaTBCfl TpyAOMB AOManiHHX'B pa6oiH*x'B. Ho 
noAo6Haii cHcreMa ao cyn^ecTBy HRtiiM'B ne OTJEE^aexcA orB cyme- 
cTByioiii^efi BRonjioaiai^iH cejiBCRaro Tpy^a B'B TaRi HasHBaeuBix'B Ry- 
cTapHuxii npoHucjiax'B opoAHed PocciH. Pa3HBi^a Mes^y upoiiumjieH- 
Hofi opraHHsai^ieS RaRoro jih6o 6yMaro-TRai](Raro npeAnpiflxifl Mocrob^ 
€Rofi ryOepsiH h opraHHsan^iei) BaiflJiBHaro npOMHOJia HHSceropoACRo^ 
ry6epHiH cb ero xosflOBaHH «Tuca^HflRaMH» junmh Ta, ^lo vh nepsoM'b 
cjiyqa'b AOtfaniHie pa6o^e BwkioTb A'i^o jedib cb ^acTBK) fiesjiE^Haro 
sanHTaiflCTHqecRaro npexnpiHTia, «ROHTopoft», no paa^aTb Maxepiajia 
Ha AOMa, a bo BiopoifB gjljhjbA BHaerB h caMi BtAaoTca oi RaRHMi 
HH6yAB cCflAopoMii HBaHOBBqeMi*. 

OicyTCTBie ManiHHi» caooo6oTByeTB xoMy, ^xo xoaaHHi h pa6oiift 
tjLETRe cxoaxi Apyri* r'b APyry h pa6oxHHR'B se npeAOxaBJwexca xojbko 
npocxoK) 6AHHHi^eio HSii qacjia coxeHi neasBtoHBix^ «pa6oqBXi pyR'B» 
4)a6pHR'B, HO, no CBoeny oGo^ecxBeHHOMy nojoaceHUO^ asjiaexca jihi^oitb 

AOBOABHO CJIBBRBlfB R'B XOSflHHy, ROXOpBtft XOpomO OrO SHaOTB H HO- 

piARo hoaoCho eny pa6oxaexi cbohmh pyRaMH. Ho bxotb nopaAORi 
coxpaHaexca jihiob, noRa ecxB noAAepsBBaioiiUa ero ycjOBia xexEH^e- 
cRia E coiuajiBHBra. TexHnqecRoe npeo6pa80BaHie npoH3BOAcxBa, pac- 
niHpeHie pherob'b cCnxa, djiaroAapa yBeJiEqeHiio saeeieHia h pocxy 
noxpe6HOcxefi h nyxeft oooOui^eEia, peopraHE3ai(ia nosoMejiBHHX'B oxho- 
meHiii HeH36lsHo BE6cexnE> cboe ESM'bHeHia B'B bxox'b expos, coxpa- 
Hasonufi eme ojAjim naxpiapxajiBEOcxa. f J^OHaoiHaa npoMuniAeHHocxB, 
roBopExi B. 3oH6apTB, BosHBRaexB (e iipE6aBflMi>, AepacHxca) jinmB 
TOFAa E xam, RorAa e ta^ ycjoBia xosafioxBeaHaro o6opoxa Aoay- 
GRaioTB BJiE se xpe6yi)xi RanflxajiHCXEqecROit opraEfl3an,iE Boo6me, 
HO eme He caei^aJiBEo $a6pHqHaro npoH3BOAOTBa». 3xe xo ycjioBia 
oosAajiE E yRptnEJiE ee bi i^i^oHi paA'b npoESBOAOXBi o6mHpEo& 
o6jiacxE PocoiE. Ho bxe se ycjiOBia He xpe6yi)XT> ea B'B APyraxi 
Mioxaxi E wb EEuxi oxpaojiax'B HpoHuniJiessocxE. HapoAHuM xpyAi* 
noqxesefl'B BosAi, ta^ 6ii mh ero ee Eaxo'AHjm. Ho Mosexi 6uxb 
OEi HEFAt He BaoiysHBaex'B xanoro BSBMaHia go cxopoHu o6mecx3eH- 
Huxi yqpeacAOHifi^ acejianniHX'B yjiy^maxB yojiOBia ero npEH'bfleHia, 
RaR'B xaiTBy TA'b npoE3BOABxejiB caifB eii;e noJiBsyexoa BuroAaMa cBoero 
xpyAa fl Mor'B 6h noj[B30BaxBca eme en^e bt* GoABined cxeaeflH^ ecJH 
6h ae ero o6poraeHHocxB, BeBtaecxBO, onyxHBaiomia ero cxicneHia, 
C^AHOcxB, oxAaK)n^aa ero B'B pyRE nepBaro noaaBmarooa pocxoBEUiRa. 



KyCTAPHAA nPOMUHIJIEHHOGTB HA BUCTABE^ 1896 T. 189 

3ai[a?a oraHOBHTCfl xpy^^Hie xairB, rji^ neper's saMH orspHBaeros 
ofiiaOTb ipysa, yae saxBaieHHaro b-b Kojieco MorymeoTBeHHaro npo- 
ii;eGca, ROTopuS caiTB onpeA'i^eT'B 6yAyii(ee yqaoTByDiuax'B vb newh 

npOH3BOABTeiBHUXl OEJTb *), Ho H TaiTB 66 HeJlB3fl G^HTaTB HepaSpt- 

nxHifofi. 

3to BonpocB, EOToparo mei He HaH^peHH KacaTBca, nirba Kb BH^y 
o6iacTB MeJiKaro KycTapnaro npoH3BOACTBa, ero sjiKjsji h nyra^ kotck 

pUHH HpHXOAHTl 6My Ha nOMOHXB. 



n. 

KyoTapHuft OT;(to» BcepocciftcRofi BHCiaBKH 1896 roAa bi» r. Hhs-i 
Heifiy-HoB^poA'i^ npejO^craBJUiii co6ox> cjiosHoe h pasHOxapasiepHoe 
i^oe. B'b cocraBB ero bxoahih HS^i^ifl, aKonoHHpyeMua caKHMH Ey- 

TapflMH npOBSBOAGLTeJEHKH. Ho TaKHXl> aRCHOHaTOBB 6hU[0 O^eHB He- 
MHOrO, ^Bk H B'B ^HOlt r&XB, ROTOpHO 6BUIH, HlROTOpUe HOnaiH B'B 
RyCTapHHfi OT^^JTB, OOSHaieJIBHO HJLH no HeA0pa3yMtHiK), bo BGHROITB 

cjiy^a*]^ omH6o^Ho: nxi KioTo B'B ;^']kfioTBHTeji[BHocTH AOiosHo 6buo 
6uTB Wb mp^kiA IXy ^aepH^HO'SaBOACROMB. ycrpoHreiH XI OTj^xa, 
Kycrapnaro, noJOSHBime bb cBoe j^ijio ne Majio juism, anepriH h 

OnBETHOCTH, BB JUEI^t aRCnOHOHTOBB, HlfblOn^X'B HpaBO BilOtaBJlHTB 
OBOE H3A'6jlifl Bl RyOiapKOMB OTAtll, HGRaJIZ BO BOHROITB Oiy^a'b MOI- 
RHXX npOHSBOAHTeieft, OaMOCTOflTeJtBHlIX'B B'B XOSafiCtBeHHOft H TOXHH^ 

HecRoi opraHH3ai^iH npoH3BOACTBa, npHHHMaioniHXB y^acrie B'B npo- 

HSBOACTBi JIHIHHlfB Tpy^OlTB H OOJIH, HO TOXHHqeORHM'B yCJIOBlHlCB 

iipoH3BOACTBa, H npHGirauo^HXB r'b HaeMHOny ipyAy^ to b'b BecBua 
orpaHHqeHHiixi pasMtpaxB (1 — 2 pa6oTHHROBB), npn^eiTB HaeMHHRE 

8TH nOJIBSyiOTOfl Ti^MH SO yCJIOBiflMH SH3HH, RaRli HX'B XOSHHH'B H erO 
CeMBfl. OAHaRO Bl ^HCJ[0 8R0nOH6HTOBB OT^'l^a BOHUH BJia^^^^IfU ^0- 

BOJiBHO Rpynnux'B MacrepcRHX'B (Rasi Haiip. naBioBCRie hosobiohrh 
XoEHHi H £t;^HB), qxo, OAHaRO, 0CTaBJiflH.Bi> OTopoHi ;q>yrie Mory- 
inie 6uTB r'b Tony iioboah, lerRO MoserB o6BHOHflTBCA h cyn^ecTByD- 
mefi HeonpeA^JieHocTBH) B'B pasrpaHHqeHiH RycrapHofi $opHu npe^- 
apiATiH OTB ^opifu ^npe^^apiHTifl ^^6pHqHo-8aBo;^cRaro. %o se Ra- 
oaercfl HeMHoro^racienHocTfl ^h cJiyqafiHocTH bb cocTaBi A'^ficiBHrejiB- 



*) CTpaHHO 6UI0 iio»TOMy HaxB bctp^thtb Wb ^RpaTBOXi ottoopt gy crapj' 

HHTb^pOMUCJIOBB. Hsj^Bie OT^tJia ^CeSBCKOft aSOHOlfill H CeSBCKO-XOSflflCTBeH- 

HOfi craTHCTHKH C.-IIeTepfiyprrb 1896 r. (S[juiiocTpHpoBaHHoeH3AaHie)>^cji^AyK>- 
n^ee saifi^vaHie asTopa TexcTa, H. UoHOiiapeBa, o MoeKOBcsoM'b TKaviecTBtfEcxH 
„C7» BB^mHeft CTopoHU nozoikeHie BycTapa— Tsa^a Eep^AEO zyse (t)a6p HqHaro 
pa6ovaro, to nepBBift mrbeTi, oAHaico, orpouHOenpeHicyn^ecTBO 'b'b TOMTb /^sro 
He OTpuBaeTCfl ot% seMjm; pa^H 8Toro, Koseqao, BecBva Heo6xoABiio flOAAop- 
SHBaTB KycrapHoe Tsa^iecTBo^ (cTp. 8). CnpaniBBaeTCJi: vbhich cpeACTBanH ■ 
qTO MOSHO cA^JiaTb fifla 20.000 Maccu TBa^iefi, pa^oTaion^izii ea (paCpHsib, xota 
H y ce5fl Ba A^MaxB, h bb vbexb pyxaxB cy^BCa noj^o6Haro ^KycTapHaro Tsa- 

TOCTBa". 



190 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

Hux'L Kycrapeft aKcnoHBHTOBX^ to 8to Bnomi nomiTHo vb bhaj ^kjir 
BOOTH 6oj[BinHHCTBa H3i> HHXi>; jiacTie Ha BucTasKt Bce so Tpe6yerb 
BiKOTopfinLii AOHesHifxi saTparb, ^to ho noAi> OHJiy Kyorapx), ofijia- 
AanniieMy qame Bcero HHHToacHUMi o6opothhmi> KanHTaAOM'B. Botb 
no^OHy yqaoTie fioJiKmiHOTBa KycTapeft, npeAOTaBHBniHX'B cboh H3A'b- 
sin Ha BUCTaBsy, oCflsaHo rjiaBHKifB o6pa30irb sojuesi^iOHHofi a^- 
TejQ>H0CTH aeucTBi H paaiH^Hiiix'B BCHOHoraTdiBHHxib EOMHTeTOBi no 
ycTpoficTBy BucraBRH. 

Ogo6ojd rpynnoK) ascnoBeHTOB'B syofapHaro OTjc^a hbhjuicb ny- 
cfnapwM apmeAu. Hx'b 6iuo HOMHoro n cocpeAOTOUBaucB ont wb 
OTAiii MeTaj[jioo6pa6oTUBaH)HiHX'B npoMHeiOBii. IlaBJiOBcsafl apTCJUb, 
pa6oTaK)niaa hosobhK TOfiapi, sjiaToycTOBcsaHy BupadaTUBason^aa 
rpaBHpoBaHHHft Hoacesuft TOBapi, TyjoELCEaa apTOJiB, HsroTOBJWiDntafl 
MiAHiiifl HSA^Jiifl, 6ypiiaKHHCEafl ApooiaBOKoft rydepnii; pa6oTaimiaa 
iipHHa;](j[esHOCTH KOHCKofi c6pyH. Beai coMHinifl, apTOJiH, KaKi o6n;e- 
,CTB6HHafl $opHa KycTapHaro npoHSBOAOTBa, oGiej^HHASon^afl na naqa* 
Jiax'b paBHonpaBHOCTH h coTpyASH'ieoTBa nicROJiBKo HejiRHXi npona- 
BOAHTejiefi, caMocTOflTeJiBHO BJiaAiion^Hxrb MaTepiaiaMH h opyAiflMH 

UpOHSBOACTBa H ZJL^RUWb Tpy^OITB pa60TaK)II(HX'B Ha pUHOEl, HirlDTl 

noj[Hoe npaBO h ocHOBanie HBiHTbCfl ORcnoHeHTOH'B RycTapnaro ot- 
Aiia, H HHRaRoro hhofo, RaRX 6k BOjmRH HH 6wai pasHipu hxii 
ROJuroKTHBHaro npoH3BOACTBa. TbHi fionte RasaiooB cTpaHHUM'B h ho- 
ocHOBaTOJiBHHirL^ qTO naBJiOBCRafl apxeiB B£icTaBHja cboh HSAiJiiifl 
Ri dRcaepTHBt H HarpasAOHiiD OAHOBpeMOHHO bii AByxi or^tiaxi, 
$a6pHqH0-3aB0ACR0]n> h RycrapHOM'B. 

nepexoAfl Ri ROJijieRi^iflM'B RycxapHHX'B RdjsjbjLm^ npeAcraBJieHHUint 

Ha BUOraBRy SOMCTBaifH, ROHHTeTaHH no yCTpoftCXBy BUCTaBRH H 
^aCTHUMH j[[Hn,aMH, HH JlfiJORBU BUA^JLHTB Ues;^y HHMH co6paHifl 8Rcno- 
HaTOBB Tpexik SOHCTB'B, MOCKoecKato^ esmcKaw h nuoiceiopodcKaxo. 
no o6HJii£D H pa3HOo6pa3i]o BiiCTa6J[eHH£ixi> HMH npeAHeroBi) roj- 
J[6R^iH npoqnx'B 3eM0TBi h yqpeaKA^Hifi H^yrB ne b'b c^otb. dRcno- 
HaTU HXT), BHicii B3aT£ie, saHHMaJEH He MOH'te noJioBHHH Boero no- 
M'bn^eHifl Rycxapnaro oTA^Jia. O^HaRo, BHHRaa Vb cymeoTBO coAepsaHia 
9THxi> Tpexii noA'BOT/^jiOB'B: BHTCRarOy MocROBORaro H HHseropo^CRaro 
BencTB'B, He TpyAHO saM^THTB HeacAy HHMH 3Ha^mTej[BHoe paam^e. 

MoOROBOROe H BHTCROe SBMCTBO^ XOTH H paSHOBpeiieflHO^ — HOpBOO 

paHBme, BTopoe nosAHte, — npncTynHJiH r'b a^tojolbhocth no Bocno- 
codieniK) RycTapnoi npoMunuoHHOCTH hxi ryGepnin h yjiy^menix) 

TeXHHRH npOHSBOACTB'B. Ob HOCliAHei I^iJIBX) OHH OpraHHSOBaJIH pflA1> 

dOMCRHX'B MacTepcRHxi, B'B ROTOpHXi RycTapH nojiyqajoTB o6pa8I^I 
yfly^meHHUxi nsA'bjdd, HaxepiajEU no yAemeBAOHHHU'b i^'j^nairB, noAi* 
pyROBOAOTBOiTB 00060 HpHrjLameHHUx'B one^iaJlncTOBl» h TexHHROBi, 
HsyqaiyrB npienH yjiy^meHHUxi npoH3BOAOTB'B. ScMOTBa o8a6o?H- 
BaioTca TaKse cGuxoifB HSA^Jiifl RycTapefl, pafioTaion^Hxi hoa'b bx'b 
pyROBOAOTBOMi: y odoHxi hxi ecTB ToproBO-npoMBuujieHHHe MyseH- 
CRJis^ii RycTapHHX^B H3AlJnH ry6epHifi, cCsiBaDnpe bth hsa&ua ny-* 



B7GTAPHAfl nPOMUmJISHHOGTB HA BUGTABK'B 1896 T. 191 

TeMi ROMKHccioHepoTBa H nepenpoAasH. EciecTBeHHo, tto o6a yKa- 
BaHHua seMCTBa BHcraBUH bi CBOHX'b OTj^axi BBjsjbJoa, sycrapefi, 
noAayDmHXCJi mn'b BHHMaHieirB, hjth npBroTOBJieHHHfl yqeHHKaMH 
MacrepcRHxii, cjri^;i[OBaTej[BHo, npoHSBOAeHk tojtbko rkrb oTpacjieft ej- 
^rrapHofi npoMumjieHHOCTBy Koiopiifl 6um hmh H86paHH Vb sHAaxi 

nOAHflTifl TeXHHSH npOHSBOACTB'B. dXEMl oGOTOaTeALCTBOKl, OaMO 00- 

(5ox> pasyutercff, ofiycjioBjiBBaeTCfl HenoraoTa KOJuesipft: OHi A^uieKO 
fie HcqepnHBaiorB Boixi 6oiie uh Hesie SHa^HTeiBHUxi npoMuoJiOBi 

MiOTHOCTH. Eme BflTCKOe 3eMCTB0 tfbCKOJOELKO AOnOJ[EHJEO KOJUeSI^D 

HBA^tjiift ofleiaeimxi hmi rpyniTB npoHHmJieHHEBOB'B, oo6paB% npo- 
BweA6Hifl H HtKOTopux'B ^qpyrHxii npotfucjioBn^ ho moceobckoo ocTa- 
HOBHiacB Bi> npeA^Jiax^B Toro iraTepiajra, Koiopiift npeAoraBiflen hxi 
nocTOflHHo cymecTByioDDuft wh MocRBi ToproBO-npoHHOueHHufl Myseft, 

TO eCTB HSA'i^ft, HBrOTOBJBfaOHHX^B, no^l pyKOBOACTBOM^B HX:B TOXEH^e- 

csoft opraHH3ai^iH: RopsHffB, Hrpymesi, n^eioE'L^ MeTaJUH^ecEHxi hb- 
AtJiifi, njEfeTOHOfi Me6ejiH h npo^nxi uereHitt, TOKapHBix'b mjsfkjak^ 
EaproHsaefl. Bi syoTapHOMi orjsikjA MocEOBCBOft rydepHiH mu ho 
HaxoABM'B, GiaroAapa BTOMy, Edjif^iA MHornx'L BOCBiia mHposo pacnpo- 
crpaHeBBux'B npoifiicjioB'B ea: iieGeJiBHaro qepEHSOBCEOft bojiooth, m^a- 
Haro — SarapBa, ^ap^opoBo-rxBHaHaro Fsojih e Apyrnxii. TaEHMi 06- 
paaoHi, EOJUEOEAUi RycTapHHX'B HSAtJiift MOcsoBCEaro dOMCTBa, Easi 
S0JlJIes^iB^ OTJUH^asacB hohojihotox) h Hay^Haro SHa^eHia HMiTB He 
Morxa. Hto Eacaexca co6paHia sycTapHUX'B HSAtJiifi HaseropoACEOi 
ryCepBin, 8EcnoHBpoBaHHaro ryeepHCEBHii seMCTBoirb, to oho, 6e8i> 
<^0VH'bH]a, OTAB^aiocB HaHCojrte HC^epnuBaDiiiHM'L xapaExepoMii no 
OTHomeFii) si EycTapaoit npoMHmjieHHooTH spaa. HaseropoAcsoe 
ryCepHCEoe somctbo eme tojibeo BCTynaerB na nyrt cOAttlcTBia m*ct- 
Hoft EycTapHOt npoKunijieHHOcTa^ bojeoshbi vb ocnoBy CBoft 6yAyn;eft 
A'&iTeiBHOCTH oficTOBTejiBBiia HSorbAOBaHiH npoMucjioBott SH3HH ry- 
6epHiH, irpoHSBeAeHHBifl vh pasnoe BpeMa, h HaM^THBi paA'B Mtpo- 
npiHTiH TexHH^ecRaro h aROHouHqecRaro xapasrepa, AOJ[aKeHCTByK)ii(HX'B 

OXBaTHTB HtR0T0p£UI HBl BaSHMmHX'L npOHSBOACTBl. 

Kojuesipa RycxapHux'B HSAfuiift, co6paHHaa bitb, iMiJia au Hero 
BHa^eBie RaRi AaJfi>H'bfiniaro Bsy^eHia A&HHaro Bonpoca vb ryfiepniH, 
Tas'B H ocHOBaHia 6yAymaro sycTapHaro Mysea, AOJiseHCTByDmaro 

COeAHHHTB 00 CBOOD A'^HTOJIBHOCTIiK) ROHMHCCiOHepCTBO HO o6HTy Sy- 
cTapHUX'B npoHBBeAeHift. Eoj[eRi(ia ae oOonua hh oahofo 6ojg[te hxh 
xenie BaiRHaro BHAa Micrnot npoMunuieHHOCTH, Rpoiii vosotb 6utb 
f^Tby EOTopsa HsroTOBiaDTB ojemsoiTB rpoMOBAEia npoHBBeAenia, at- 
soTopua se npoHSBOACTBa npeACTaBHJia ch TasoD creneHBD hoihotu, 
^0 He ocTaeTca sejiaTB HH^ero GojiBmaro. Tas^B HosoBna a Baao^Hua 
BBA^Jiia uaBJOBCEaro pafioaa cocTaBjranTB coSpaaie 6ojr6e ^iwb asi 
700 npeAHeroBi paaaiiX'B copTOBi, n^wb h saqeoTBa. 

UpoqavH BOJuesiuoHepaiiH, spoat Bume ysaBaHHUX'B BeacrBx, 
HBiajiHCB aisoTopua ryfiepaoRia a y^bBAHua BeaoTBa h 00060 y^pes- 
AOHHiae soMHTOTii no yorpofioTBy BHoraBSH. Hbi nooitAHHX'B naafo- 



192 PyCGEOB BOrATCTBO. 

jrke SHa^aTeJEBHjiD KOueRn;!!) npeAcraBHJ'b sasaHCKifi BcnoMoraTejOE»- 
Hufl KovHTerb, dscnoHHpoBaBinifi rjaBHiorB ofipaaoirb j[(peBoo6pa6oTii- 
BaiomyK) npoHunuoHHocTB Rpaa. RonaTerii OKpaBHi* npeAOTaBmiE 
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cjiyqaflHBLfl MaTepiaj'B ji^vl cysEAeHifl o syoTapHoft npoMunueHHOcxH 
ETb irbcTHOcrefl. 

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dTHX'B HSAtjdH HJIH, TO^Htd TOBOpfl, |ipOH3BOAHTeJ[BH0I](U, a mSOJIH py- 

KOA'fcjiiH H qacTHUfl jLBLniBk, EBjajomjJLQSi pysoBOAnxejiflMH 9T0ft orpaoiB 
seHCKaro ipy^a. niEOjai pysoj^ft bi> CBoelt a^t6J[Bhocth nutiorB 
yace ;^oboj[bho SHa^HiejiBHoe nponuoe: ohh 6£ijih ocHOBasu bi EOHi^t 
TO-xi roAOBiy H Ha^ajrb 80-xi;. Oco6eHH0 BUA&K>n(eK)C2 hsii hhx'b 
flBUfleTGA MapiHHCEafl npaETH^ecKaa mROia RpyseBHaii[i», ocHOBaHnas 
B% C.-nerepSyprb, rjiaBHSiTB ofipaaoicB crapaHUucH C. A. ^aBEij^OBot. 
HdBieRafl gbohxi yqeHHi^'B h3i paftoHOBi oco6ejSHaro paonpoorpaHeHui 
RpyseBHoro npoioiGjia, mROia BunycRaerii onuTHHX'B MaoTepEHjx, ro- 
Topufl, BOBBpan^aacB sa po^BHy, npniiipoirB oBoefi pa6oTU BJdflB)TB 
Ha yiy^meme toxbhrh RpyseBHoro njbJLdky npeHMyo^eoTBeHHo vb pon 
y^HToiBEHi^'B OToro pyROA'^JTifl Bi) oeiBCRHXii mROiaxi. CiDAa se otho- 
cflTGfl mRoiu C. B. KosHiffiiHofi B'B Beocapa6cRoft ryfiepniH, bi emI- 
HiH y^peAHTOJiBHai^Ei js^n o6yqeHia a'^bo^orii pyROA^JiBaMi, TsaHB^^ 
ROBpoBi H pasflBixi TRaHOfi C. 11. RasHaHoeBOfi, rh. A. B. JIbboboS. 

BOJIBmHHCTBO STHXli lUROiTB CCCTOflTB B'B BiA^fliH MHEHOTepCTBa 861116- 

Aiiifl H nojcbsyiOToa 6ro MaiepBOJiBHofi no;^6psROft. IIo THny OB06My 
oHE noAXOAfln 6j[Hse BC6ro Rii peuecjieHHUM'B mROjaMii sana^a, ro- 
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MunueHHOGtH, flBiaiomofiGfl, RaRi H y HaGi, Hjm B'B (j^opiA peMGOJia 
HJIH B'B ^opirb AOHamnet npoMuniJieHHOGTH. XapaRTopHyio rpynny 

8R0a0H6HTOB'B npe;i(GTaBJ[A£DrB ^aCTHUfl JIHI^a, B'B ^HiaHTpOHHTOGRHX'B 
I^aXl BH6Cmifl flH^Hfilft nO^HffB B'B JljbKO "JXJimQmSL TeXHHRH S6H- 
GRHXl RyGTapHfiXl UpOHSBOAGTB'B H QOAHflTlfl UX'B BUrOAHOGTH. Oj^aFB 

HSi H3Cjr6A0BaTej[6ft RycTapnaro 0T;^a BuoiaBRH, H. A. ^HiannoB'B, 

yRaSBIBEH Ha to, ^TO aTOTB JLH^HUH nO^HHl B'B yjiy^QHeHiH HBflikAt 

HHr;^ HO npoHBHJiGa oi TaROio aneprieiD, RaRi* hmohho bi o6pa6oTK6 
BOJORHHCTBCCB naxepiajioBB, xapaRTepH3y6TB 6ro ci4;^yH)npirB ofipa- 
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*) H. A, OHjEHiraoBi. RycTapHafl npoMHnuieHHOoTb 8% BRcnoHaTarb Hmse- 
ropoACRoft BucTaBKH>. cTexHiraecRifl C(5opHnx'b> e <B'bcTHiiR7» IIpoMBiiiuieHHO- 
CTH», 8al896 r. XsMQ— 10, cTp. 12. Bt CTaTbi Hameft mu Hepi&ARO noJiBayeiica 
»Toft o6cTOflTeja>Hoft pa6oToft, cocTaBieHHoft asTopoMi c% rjiySoBuu SHamem 
AtJia, HO nacaiDii^eJIcji npeHMyo^ecTBeHHO TexHHvecRoft CTopoHU DpexcraBJieHo 

HUrb Ha BUCraBRi npORBBOXCTBS. 



KyCTAPHAfl UPOMUmJIEHHOCTb HA BHCTABK'B 1896 T. 193 

«8THiiH npoMucjEaMH saHHMaeTGfl npeHHyn^ecTBOHHo »eHCRaa ^aoTB 
HacejieaiA, h ^flJiaHTponH^ecKoe co^jBCTBie ipyAJ KpecTbflHOR'b hcxo- 
jsjiT-b rjiaBHsiTB o6pBSowb OTb seHCRoS se nojioBHHfii HHTeMHreHT^aro 
o6ii](eoTBa. T-sh XaHusoBa, JlasapeBH^'B, KaxsoBa, EpuojEOsa, nam- 
KOBa, UajiL^BKOBa h aP- BUCTaBHJin ssAiJUfl KpecTi»flHOR'B naipoHH- 
pyenaro hmh MaorepcTBa. IIoAoSfloe HHAyCTpiaiBHoe naapaBJieHie a^- 
TOJiBHOCTH pycoRHxi o6pa80BaHHiix'b mQEUiflWb^ fi03HBRniH sa nocitA- 
Hifi jificamoK'h jlItb, OTpasaeTL na ce6t ofimiS tohi> pyccRoft shbhh 
6j[Hsafiinaro BpeMesB, Ror^a Bonpoou pasBHTin npoBSBOABTOJiBHux'B 
CHJ[i> CTpaHU flBHJtacb HoryqHHi> crsMyjioHii pa6ork pycoRaro o6ii;e- 
cTBa. Ci Apyroi cTopoHH saM^THO, ^To noMoiiu» aceHCRHMi Rycxap- 
nuwb pa6oTaMi ofiHRHOBeHHO BOSHflRaiia nocJii RaRHxvHH6yAB ne- 
cqacTifl, H nocA'bAfiiH roJEOAHUH roAi* Aifl MHomx'B dRcaoHeHTOR'B 

dBlfleTCfl HaqaJIOMli HX'b ^tflTeJIBHOOTH, ROTOpyK) OHi He OOTaBHJlH H 

H no HBHOBauH HeoqacTia». 

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CTBOBaBHIHX'B Bl RyGTapHOMI» OT^tjli Ha BCepOCCiflCROfi BEICiaBRt 

1896 roAa. IIo cpaBHOHiio cb laROio se BUcraBROs) 1882 roAa vb 

MoCRBi MBl AOJUKHBI OTMiXHTB nOHBJieHie Cpe^H HHX'B OOBepmOHHO HO- 

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THBmifl Ge6H A'^y yjiyqineniH TexHHRH RycTapHUXii upoH3BOACTBi. 
KycrapHNfi oniuvb BBioTaBRH 1882 ro^a Hirbii'B no npeHnyn^eoTBy 
ROJueRi^iofiHiiiH s;;ipaRTep'B^ h u,tshiD ero ycTpoSoTBa fiwio sejiaHie 
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np0H3B0AHTejn»H0CT£. ^ocTaBJieHHuS HiTB MaTopiaji'B H nocitAyion^H 
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Poccia BHABHHyJiH 'Wb rjiadaxi* npaBHTejiBGTBa ea SHaqeme bi> napoA- 

HOICB X03fl&CTBt. Cl APyrofi CTOpOHH, yTHeT6HH0e COGTOAHie oaMUxa> 

npoB3BOAHTejiel[ h TexHHqeGRie HeAOGTaxRH h'&rotopbix'b npoMUGioB'B 

no6yABJIH H npaBHTOJlBOTBO, H HiOTHBIH yqpeSCAOHifl oGpaTflTBCfl R'B 

HtpaMi cOAificTBifl RyoxapHoii npoMBimjueHHooTH. CjAji.ou.'b sa hbmh 
BUGxynHJia h qacTHaa ^HjiaHTponnqeoRafl HHH^iaTHBa. JI,taTej[BH06TB 

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00 BpeMOHH BBiGiaBRH 1882 TOAa bt* ofijiaGTH RyGTapHoft npoMEimjieH- 

HOCTH, HacROilBRO OHH SHaqHTeJIBHU H B'B RaRHXl npOHSBOAGTfiaX'B GO- 

cpeAOTOiBBaiOTca? 

npeActAaTejKB ROMHiera dRGaepTOBii, T. A. KpeoxoBHHRoB'B, B'B 
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Aenifi, a cb APyrofi — upoGB'bmeflHOMy, h HHorAa jsjbmq canooxBepseH- 
Hoify yqacxiio qacxHHxi jihi^i, saH'bqaexGfl 6oJiBmoft nporpeco'B. But- 

2^ 12. OTAii« I. 13 



194 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

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OTEno B'B EsiBifliBeirB Tojqf o6opoTa 2,000,000 py6. Moseo toabko 
nosejiaTB npoAOJiseEifl Toft BEeprE^moft aWoibeoote, BasaflnpOEBE- 
jiaoB 9a BoreBBiifi nepio^'B eb noiBsy pasBHriE sycTapBHX'B npo- 

]f£KCJ[OBl». 

OaEBKO 06p^TEM0fl B'B TOMy, HTO FOBOpflTB SBH'B $aET£I E6BpE- 

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ycBtxE, AOCTErEyrue b'b lexEEKi nepeHBOJieEBHX'B npoBSBOAOTBi, so 

BUEyiBAOEM OTMiTETB, qXO, OOJIE 8T0 E <60J[Bmott nporpOCCB*, TO FB 

Majiux'B E se iiuix>mfiTh cyn^ecTBOEEaro aKOBOME^ecEaro sEa^OEiE 
npoMUGJiax^B. Hsi Toro, ^0 roBopsu mu wb nepBoft ^acxE Eamefi 

CTBTBEy AOGTBTOVBO EBCTByorB, 9X0 OCJIB EyOTapBSie BpOHBtCJOI B EEiUTB 

BpynEoe ssa^ieBie b% EapoAEOMii X03flficTBi, to EMeEBO noroMy, qro 

yAOBieTBOpEDTBOCBOBEilM'B n0Tp66B0CTEM'B rpy6oS E EOBdUGKaTeJlBEOft 
MBOOH CTOflB S6 FpyfiUMH E EeESilCKaEBIDfE ESAtsiEME. IleCTpflAB 

B KpamoEEBa, canorE h pyKasB^H, npocTafl rpy6aa Me6ej[B, AopeBEB- 
safl nooyAB, 6oqEE, TOilrE e oaEE, tbosae, BaJieBBie Buanfii e oanorE, 

BOTB EOOtiXOAEMiie BpeAMOTU SapOAEBrO OfiflXOAB, KOTOpue, BHi^CTi CB 

seEC^omMOX) Maccofi Apyrsxi, npoESBOAflTB BamE KycTapB. K bi 

OTOITB OTBOmOEiE BTb pOiEB EEKtlCB E6 MOSOTB 61ITB aajUtBOEa Efl 

B'B BaoToanj^eifB, be vb CjiBsaimeH'B CyAyn^eiTB, bx:b aaa^eEie seo- 
i^EEMO. no noBOAy Kycxapsaro oxAtia suEinmeft BUCTaBBE bo mbjio 
roBopExoGB S606XOAEMOCTE paaBETB B'B EaiHHX'B EyoxapflrB xyAOse- 

OTBeEEUft BEyOl, OBIOEEOCTB B'B ESflB^eCTBy OTAblBE E Op. BCB 8T0 

jramHifi paai AOBaasBaoTB, tto Msorie e3i Eaci ao cexi nopi cmoi^ 
parB Ea BycxapEyH) npoHHBueEHOCTB, bbki eb Erpymsy. rxaBEaa 
dBOEOME^ecBaa CEJia flameii sycTapEOft npoMunuieEEOCTE-'OSjiaAaBie 

HapOABUlTB pHEROITB, MBCCOBHS 06uTB. StOTB COuTB 06yCJII0BJIEBaeTCa 

npea^e scero AenieBEaEoft mjajhsiiy loft AemeBEaEot, soTopyx) 6oJtbe 
Bcero i^BflTB oGeaoEJieBsaa sysAOK) A^peBBa, TOfi A^ineBEasott, bi 
ocEOBt EOTopott JEOSETB o6e3i](tEeEBiifi TpyA^. yjTf^onETe Ra^eoTBO 
EBAi^ia 6e3'B cooTBiicTBeEBaro yAomeBJieBia npioEOBi npoBaBOAOTBa, 
fljiE, no BpaflBofi Mipb, yAopsaBia Exit ctoemocte bb npesEOBi'B 
ypOBB'b — E BU noAtEMBTB i^By EaA^iofi EacTOJ[BBO, qxo nepesecere 
EX'B aa ApyroSf 6osie cocToaTej[BEufl, bo b 6ojAe orpaEEtieEEiiS 

PUEOKI), TAb, MOS6TB 6UTB, BSkWb npEAOTCa BCXptTBTB APy^yK) EOS- 

Kyppefliux), ciioco6Byi) cysflXB o6diacTB npoBSBOACxBa. He Topaa aa'B 



KTCTAPHAfl nPOMMnUIBHHOCTB HA BfilGTABKfi 1896 F. l95 

sHAy njiaTesHHxi HHTepecoBi Macou, Bonpooii o GOJtiftcTBiH syorap- 
.flofi npommueHHOCTH oboahtgji, TasHH'B otipaaoMi, rjiaBEBUfB o6pa- 
-soHi jsn^ 6oph6i (Tb o6e3i^HeHieirB Tpy^a, dRcujiioaTiipyeiiaro OKya- 
n^^ieoxofi oHoreMofl cfiura. 

XyAOseoTBOHHuft Bsyox, HBfln^ecTBo OTAisKH H crapaTejiBHooTb 
^fl — Bce dTo Tpe6oBaHifl, ROTopHfl mh MOseMi npeAnbaBJUTB ei peve- 
cjieHHHsy, pafioTaDH^eiiy Ha saKasi, ho ho ki Kycrapio, pa^oraion^eMy 
Ha pUHOKi*. RycrapHoe npoHSBOACTBo xapasTepHdyerB OAHa otio^afl 
?epTa CL $a6pHqHUMH — MacooBoe irpoH3BOACTBO no nsBlcTHOMy ma- 
dioHy. droTB mafiioHB ne MOsen> 6£[tb Biime TOro, KOTopHtt o6yai[OB- 

UBaeiCH A&HHUHH TpefiOBaHUlHH pBIHSa, Ha^l KOTOpMHH, Vb OBOK) 

oqepoAB, rooHOACTByioTB CHJia uaTesnoft ciioco6hocth norpefiHTeJieft 
H o6^^& ypoBOHB KyjiBTypu. 3Ta CHsa nHBejurnpyerB Boe BuxoA^B^ee 
H3X pflAa BOH'B. Bi BTOiTb OTHomeHiH noy^HT6j[LHuft npHMipi npoA- 
•CTaBj[flS)TB H^KOTopue ^aKTH Hdii HCTopiH Hrpymo^niaro npomicjiia 
Bi MocROBCKOfl ry6epHiH, OAHoro h81> nepBtixi, Kcrropuxi nooKOBOBoe 
soMOTBO BSfljio noff;b cBoft TexHH^ecKifi Hajpopii. npomicejrb 8toti», 
oocpeAOTO^HBaflOB Bi CeprioBCROirB noca^i MookobckoS ryGepniH h 
«ro ORpecTHOCTHx-B, saHHMaeTB 6ojn»nio6 nsLOio pjK%: vb oahomi noca^i 

HHl SaHHlCaeTCH JSfl 300 ABOpOBl*, CB rOAOBOK) np0H8B0AHTeJIBH0CTBK) 

;^o 400 TBic. pytkefi. Tam* roxoBHTCfl BC6B03H0SHfiie bhah HrpymeRi: 
xinHuxi, TOKapHHX'B, pisHiixi, MeiajuiHqecRHX'B H APynixx, npH^eMi 
pafioffb noTpe6jteHifl hx:b nacTOXbRo bbjieri, ?to, no MHiHiio H, A. 
<&HjiHniioBa, noRpiiBaoTB, no Rpaflneft Mipi, nojioBHHy Bcero cnpoca 
Ha HrpyniRH b'b PoccIh. IIpoHSBOAOTBO bto, Bi BHAy RpatHHro pasHO- 
o6pa8ifl ESA'&Jiift, Atuse na SanaAt coxpanfleTB ^opiiy AOMamnefi npo- 
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BOACTBa, rpy6ocTB ^opMOBamn h ORpacRH h o6paTRJio BHHMaHie mo- 

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H pa3AaBaj[H0B RyoTapaiTB. Bi» RycrapHOirB OTjijbsi MOCROBORaro sen- 
CTBa 6HJia BUcraBieHa cpaBHHTejn»HaH RouoRi^ifl Jtinniix^B nrpy- 
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Htnrb HrpymKaiTb. Ho TaROBa pafioTa oahhxi Rycxapett, pafiorax)- 
m^ETb na seHCRyn MacrepoRyio, nojib3yx)H^Hxcfl c6bitoh^ ^epesi som- 
CRift Mysefl. OcrajubHue me RycTapn, nonpesHOHy, BunycRaDTi 

H3'b CBOHXl pyR-b SeJieHHX'b ROpOB^, ^iOJIOTOBUXb co6aR'b H npo9. 

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18* 



196 P7CGR0B BOrATCTBO. 

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HieifB Kb cTapony, B^ bh^ npeRpan^enui BjriHHiH HacTepcRofl. Mu se 
:ioj[araeiix, ^to btotb aTaBHSM'L octb cjAACTBie HHBOJuiHpyniiiaro a^b- 
jieHiH puHRa. Pbihori cTaBorb Heo6xo;^icu]rB ycioBieui RaqecTBa 
HTpymRH — ea ^^omeBESHy, h RycTapB r^ STOHy npHcnooofiiHeTCfl. Mu 
y^pneiTB A&se, ?to ecjH 6h MacTepcRaa HHtia Goume cpeAciBi^ 
qT06u pacnpocrpaHHTB oBoe BJiiflHie Ha, Haocy Rycrapefi, OHa BCRopt 
noqyBCTBOBaia 6h aaTpyAHenie no c6HTy Hs^iJiiiU *). 

HejiLBfl H6 corjiacHTBCfl ci uocjrbAHBiTB saMiqaHieifB aBTopa: oho 
npeAcraBJuieTB canoe oHJiBHoe Bospasenie npOTHBi* noi chctcmh yj[y^- 
meHifl H3AiAift co cropoHH utl Ra^ecTBa, Roxopoe nepenocHrB c6utb 
Hx^B vh HHOfi, 6ojrbe cocTOHTeiBHuft RpyrB noipeGHTejefi. Stotb Rpyri» 
orpaHH^em, n tojibro jsfi Tix'B nopi, noRa seMCTBO hjeh hhuh y^e- 
SAOHiH oxBaiaBaDrb cBoex) a^tojebhogtbd hh^toshhS ^Iq Rycrapefi, 
He MoaROTB 6htb nepenpoHSBOACTBai 2(OJDKeHCTByH)n](aro coBAaiB ycH^ 
jreHHyio ROHRyppeniilx), noHHBHTB ii;^hh, a BMicr^ cl riwb h sapaGo- 
T0Ri> Eyorapefi. Z naj^o npHanaiB, ^o fijiaronojiy^ie itxi Ryciapeft, 

ROTOpue Biipa6aT2IBa]0rB nO^'B pyROBOACTBOMl TeXHRROBl MOCROBCRaro 

seiccTBa «H3flniH£ie npo^MeTU, ROTopHe ao chxt nopi nony^ajiHCB 
HaMH H3i» 3arpaHHi(£i»: ropshhrh, RapTonasv, cnafisaDn^ie namn u.vk- 
Tomifl H ROHAHTepoRifl saBeAeHifl, He Menie Hsan^HNfl nrpyniRH, — 
ocHOBano na noRynRi Tonapa y Ryciapefi sa HajEHHHBifi pacqeri, 
cHcreMa, npBHHTaH ex 1891 roA& h chj[bho osBBHBmaA o6oporB nysefl. 
TaRHJfi> oGpilsoifB rpyna Ryciapeft, cb rotopumh HHierB jijbjLO 
ToproBO-npoMHnuneHHufi iiyset seMCTBa, HBJifleTCfl no OTHomeHiio ri* 
Heny petfecjieHHRaMH, pa6oTa]oniHMH Ha saRasiHRa, Bu6HpaK)Qp[HH na 
noBHrneniH npoAaiRHofl i^hu HSA^jfift h cTapaxeJiBHOCTH ota'^jirh, h 

pHCRl OCTaTBCH fiOBl pa60T&[ BCI^ACTBie RaROft JIh60 3aHHHRH HJHa 

coRpam^eHifl o6opoTOB'B Myeefl, OTcraBi bi to se BpoMfl otb cRynn^H- 
R0BT» H ofiinBaro pKiHRa. IBto noBBimeHie npoAaanoft i^tHKi HaAiaifi, 
noAAopaRHBafl 3apo6oTORi> npoHSBOAHTejieft na HSBicTHOfi bbicot^, 
paajiaraexca (tl oahoS cropoHH na noxpeCHTejui, ct» Apyroft na^ bom- 
cRifl cpeACTBa; sa Bce Bpeva CBOero cyn^ecTBOBaHia Hysefi HHKorAa 
He o6xoAHJ[ca fiesi) npHnjEaTi* na ero coAepsanie, h npanjiaTBi ern 
paBHaDTca He venle 7 tuc. py6. eseroAHo. Mu He naMtpenu, no ne- 
HMiHi© Micia, BAasaxBca bi 6ojAe noApoGayK) pi^taRy ROMMOp^e- 



*) H. A. ^juiBWiOB'hf TaMi se, CTp. 16. 



SyCTAPHAfl nPOMUIDIBHHOCTB HA BHGTABK'fi 1896 T. 197 

-CKOS CTOpOHU BT> J^ifcreiLHOCTH, KJCTapHOfi OpraHHSai^ MOCEOBCJSarO 

seHOTBa: ho HecoHH^HHO, ^0 yEasAHHafl npn^EHa HrpaeTB Tanse 

HtSOTOpyH) pOJIL Kb 68 HeyAOBAOTBOpHTejrBHOOTH. 

Ho Bi A&HHom Bonpoci eorb en^e APT^aH ciopoHa, He veHito Bas- 
Haa Bi HamHTL nasax'B. Rto TaKoe ata rpynna npHBHjuernpoBaHHiix'L 
Kycrapefi kopshho^hhkobii hih nrpyme^iHHKOBi, HHinn^xi ;d^o ci 
uyseeiTB h seMCEOD noMon^Bio? m Horo xe hxi> h bi KasoirB noxosemH 

KaXOAHTCfl Ti, ROrO MHHOBaia SafiOTJIHBQCTB aOMCTBa? OtB'6tB Ha 8TH 

BonpocH jsjBLQTb EVkWb oiqaoTH aoBTopHoe H8Cjr&;(0BaHie h^kotopbix'b 
npomicjioBii Hsi HHOia nojOisyni^Excfl noMonp»K) MocsoBCRaro seMCTBa, 
nscjT&AOBaHie npoHSBOAeHHoe cTaTHCTH^eoRHirb nepconaioirB ry66pH- 
€Ro8 36HCRoft ynpaBH. HsciiAOBaHie bto KOcnyjiocB AByxi nponucjioB'B: • 
v/^emoHHaio no^ojiBCRaro r SBOHHropoACRaro ytsAa, h npoMucAa no 
fMemeHm U3h npymtee^ vh 3BeHHropoAGROMi> h PysoROiTB yy. Ocra- 
HOBHHCfl Ha pesyjiBTaTaxi HSd^AOBaHiH uocjAji^Baro npoinicjia bi 3Be- 
HHropoACRovB ybs;^. 3a Bpeim, nporeKmee ox MOMeHra nepnaro H3- 
cii^AOBaHifl ero bi» 1879 r., sanflTie npoHHCAOiTB SHa^HTOiBHo yBejra- 
mhjiocl: TorAa RaEi» Vb 1879 r. Hac^HTUBaiocB 121 npoiunmeHHaH 
6AHHHi;a, Bi» 1895 r. HXi 6uio saperHcrpspoBaHO 208, Tor;^a RaR'b 
o6ii^ee HHCjio ABopoBi bi ceJieHiiixx, vjsjk npoicucejn> pacnpocTpaHOHi, 
HSHtHHJOCB BecBMa Maio. EcjH yBejiH^eme aro Moaserb 6£itb npH3HaHo 
H He OTOJLB 3HaqET6jn>HBnrB, BCjrbACTBie oco6eHHocTeS perncrpai^H, to, 
o6paoE(aflCB Kb noceMeftHOMy cociasy opoifunureHHHROB'E, npHXOAHToa 
onrbTHTB cHJiBHoe BoapacTanie yqacm b'b npomicjii soHn^HH^ h a^- 
reli: TorAa KaRi ^ecio Hys^HHi saHHMann^xcH npoMMCJioirB Aoxa 
yBOJiH^HJiocB Kefffce ^Awb baboo, ^ihcjio sennitHH'B yBOJiH^iHJiocB hotth 
Bi 3 paaa, ^ihcjio Majni^HROBi fl 6 paai h A^BoqeRii bi 4. HscJii- 
AOsaTOJiH npoMUGjra othoohtb h aro yBeiH^eme sencEaro h A^TCRaro 
TpyAa <noTrH Boei^o> Rii ocotieHHOcTHifB perncrpai^iH, 6ojrbe To^Hot 
B'B 1895 roAy; ho HeiBSH ynycRaTB hsx BHAy, vro aTo flBieme nafijao- 
AaeMoe bo MHorexi npoHSBOACTBaxi h ofiycJiOBjaiBaDnieecfl npesAe 
Bcero oco6eHHUirB HanpflsenieHii o6i^HibBmaro HacejieHifl bi» 6opB6i 
3a aROflOHH^eoRyiD o6e3ne^eHHOCTB. Kani 6u to hh 6iao, npoMucejrb 
HocHTB xapaRTopi BnoJiiH'6 ceMOHHaro npoHSBOACTBa 6e3'B yqacTiii naoM- 
Huxi paeoqHXi (ROTopue oAHaEO B'B 1895 r. 6£Ijih 3aperH0TpHpoBaHii 
Bi 11 ceMBflxi, B'B 1879 r. — hh bi oahoS). 

^.la noAA^psaHifl h pasBHTifl npoioicjia mocrobcehitb sevcTBOiTB 
ycrpoena vb 3BeHHropoACROirB y. RopsHHo^naa MaoTepcsaa h CRiaA^ 
Aia cupBa h TOBapa, A'bficTByx)niie yse 4 roAa. dtkflfimeio seircEoft Ma- 
crepcRoft E cRJiaAa crb nepBUX^B nraroBi hxi> a^toibhocth Cbuo: 1) 
CHa6seHie Ryorapefii cupuxi iraTepiajioirB, 2) cdHTi HSAi^ft Rycra- 
peft H 3) HOAHarie TexHHSH npoHSBOACTBa nyTOiTB oCyqenia b'b va- 
cTopoRofi HOBaro noEOJiinia h osaaEOiueHia Bspoozaro Hacejuenia cb 
fiOBKMH MOAeiHMH H pHoyHsaMH. A^^ATOJiBHooTB ara 3a 4 roAa Bfiipa- 
SHiacB VB cj[lAy^i^HX'B i^H^paxi: npoAano cuporo HaTopiajia na 
22609 pyC, Rynieno H8A*J[ift na cyiofy 68526. CorjiaoHO C'BnoRa3a- 



'198 PyCOROE BOrATClM. 

Hi^iiH caMHX'B sycrapeft, csapatfoTOKi, nojryqaemifi KycrapeiTBy pa6o- 
Tann^Hirb Ha dOMcsyi) HaoTeposyn, He toibko ho EHse, a o6incH(>* 
BOHHO Bume 8apa6oTKa sycTapff, pa6oTaK)iiiaro na ToproBii;a; xasi^ 
pafioraa Ha seMosifi oKJiafl:^ onpe;^eHHuit ooprB losapa, bup^6qth- 
BaeioH B^b jsfiEh 50 Kon., a npH pafiori na loproBi^a, A&sse bi toitk 
ciyqai, eoiH ohi^ ynjia^HBaerB ji^eHBraiai, Biipy^aeToa vb jifiEb zwmh^ 
45 Eon. H T. a.» *). CnpamnBaeTCii, eto se rt c^acTiHBQU, IcoTopue 
nojiBsynToa orofi oron 8Ha«iHTej[BHo8 Buroxoft otb opraHHsanlH seu- 
GKOft noMonp RycrapHM'B, h hhofo JoihsTbl Ha Bonpocu: r^i npio6pi« 
Taercfl ciipolt tfaTepiajn, uy^a c6uBaeT0H TOBapi? — orb 6ojR»mHHCTBa 
npoHSBOAHieieft — 108 ceMelt e otb o6iqaro ^HCJia 208 — cwmaJioft 
. oxHffB OTB^Tb: Boe 6epeM% y MioTHUx'B TpasTHpn^KOBi» HXH OEynn^r- 
EOFB, HiTb OAHEiTb H cfiuBaeiTb TOBap'B. Hbi ooTajiBHuxi 100 coicefi. 

JEHHTB 24 HM^DTB A^O HOSID^HTeJEBHO HO^TH (Tb SeMCKHlI'b GBMJSpVh^ 

ooTaibEue EOJietfjODTCA iceaKAy oKJiaj^oirb^ cEynniHEaHH h npoAasex> 
upno B:b MocEBy. ^aibHlttmiH HBoi^AOBaHiH Toro, Easin rpyuini sy- 
CTapefi HMiDTb ;^o co cEiaAOirb, h sasia Hirb, bhojihI yoTaiOBHJiH^ 
qTO rpynna ooMefi, HaHMeHie cocTOHTeJibHafl h no sojiH^ecTBy jihi^i»^ 
H no 06e8ne^eHH0CTH oeotohi, nocraBJuerb oboe mjijtm nicTHuirB. 
CEynn(HsaH%, ex acMCEHH'b xe cKXAji.ovL'b Hirlnrb a^o coMbH 6ojcbe' 

CHJlbHHH no SOJIH^eCTBy Bl HBXl VSH'h, 8aHHMaH)n;BXCH npOMHCJOMlv 

H 6orie cocToarejibHHe no o6e8neHeHHOOTH cKOTOirb **). OT^erose- 
noK^ni^x) soMOTBa nojibaynTOs TaEHn o6pa30M:b Rasi paBx ho r6, 
ETO Bi Heft 6ojr6e Bcero Hy»;^aeTCfl, 6ojrle 61;^Hiie npoHSBOAHTOJiB? 
Ji;a HM6HH0 noTOiry, vro ohh 6^^^^- B^ cbohxi o6iflCHeHiHX'b ohb 
yEaabiBaKHTb, ?to ^HCTOToft HX'b pa6oTii He yAOBJierBopflJorcfl npieM- 
iBfiKK cRiaAa, a hitb HOEorAa yqHTboa,^ «npoyqBnibca — He toniH 6y- 
Aemb 0HAiTb», a CEynn^sii Bcerjia Bosbverb, a^ h npH pasc^exax'K 
ciT> seMCEHiTb GEjraAOiTb npHxoAETCfl qacTO.TepflTb i^ijmfi A6Hb, ^aenie 
s^aTb BToro AHH n^jv> neAliK). A TpaETHpn^HR'b, Torb toGh cefiqacs 
paBCTHTaerb, xoth, eoho^ho, ho saGyAen h ce6H. IIocjrlAHee o6cTOfl- 

TOJIbCTBO, EOHe^HOf BUIfi HOSOTb 6UTh OT^aOTE yCTpaHOHO H8MtHe- 

Hiem BHyTpeHHEXi pacnopnAEOB'b csnAa, yBejiH^enieirb o6opoTH£a'b. 
cpeAGTBi», HO nepBoe ropasAO tojite cynj^eoTBeHHo. cIIoEasaHiH spe- 
CTbflHi^ nEmyTb HSOjd^AOBaTejiH, rto vb seMosoirb OKjraAi Tpe6yeTCfl 
^Hcrafl pa6oTa, BnoJEHi oTB'b^aDTb ycraHOBEBnieHycA bi CEJiaA'6 no-- 
pflAEy, — ^npHHHMaTb oTb EycTapeft TOBapi, yAOBJ[eTBopflE)^^fi ebb^- 
CTHnMi BsycaiTb h bosmosho jry^mift no Ea^ecTBaifb, sasoBuirb ny- 
xeiTb EMiercfl bi BEAy OT^iaoTH noAHHTb TexHEsy npoHSBOACXBa; bto 
o6ycj[0Bj[HBaeTCfl e Tiirb, tto sevcRift cRjiaAi h RyoTapHsft Myseft 
HxiDrb A^^o cb ny6j[HR0H) aobojo^ho cpaBHHTejn>HO Tpe6oBaTej[baoH)» 
cb pasBETbUTb BRycoirb> ***). H nofiAei^ nami Rycrapb, Moserb 6iiTb» 



*) TIiereHiii hb% npyrbOBi no HSCJri^xoBaHiio 1895 r. UpHioseBie vb ao* 
JtSBjiy coaMctbIh sycTapHfiUfb npoMHCJiaii'fc, cTp. 34. 
**) Tam »e, cxp. 29, 31. 
***) TaMi ae, cTp. 30. 



B7CTAPHAA nPOHHinJXHHOGTb HA BHGTABKIft 1896 T. 1.99 

pa6oTaBinift caiTB jipjrb vh T-ziTHefl a^bo^koB, HcnoprHsmeft cboh 
oj[a6Hfi pysE Haji^ niereHieirb sasofi BM6j]Ub KopasHO^um h8i» hbo- 
Baro npyra, uoijs,eTb ki> TpasTHpn^EBy, otb soToparo seHBrn, saqa- 
oryn, no BupaseBin KpeoTLAHi, «BHnpocHiiiL pasBt sa M0J[e6eH'L». 
Tas'B BOTB BO vro o6xo;^[TGfl la woTOia orj^tJisB h BsanieoTBO lue- 

TeHifl, ROTOpBXfl JVAzaSiTb MHOrHXl Vb I^BiTHHX'B H ROHAHTepCKEX'B 
KOpSHHKaX'B MOCKOBOKHX'BEyCTapefl, dKOnOHEpyeMUXlBeMOKHMlHyBeeiTB! 

Mh 6BIJIH 6s HeciipaB6AJiHB£i, eojiH 6u orpHi^aiH noiBsy h 8Ha?e- 
Hie seHCKoS ;^'6flTejrBHocTH no BOcnoGoGxeHiu RycrapHoS npoifumjieH- 
HocTB Boo6nie h A'bflTeJiBHOCTH HocROBCsaro seHCTBa bi» stomi Ha- 
npaBioHie bt» qacTHOCTH. Mh xoirknH xhiiib yRasaTB, qTO ^t> noroHi 
sa paspimeHieiTB o^hoS lexEH^ecRoft sa^aqH, npH HrHopHpoBamH 
SROHOHH^ecRHxi oTHomeHifi, MOSHO npHji^ Ri pesyjTBTaTaii'b coBep- 
moHHo npoTHBynoiosHHiTB rbiTB, ROTopsfl nepBOHa^ajiBHo hiAjihob bi» 
BHAy. O^Ha Hdi ^yHRiiifi Toro xe SBeHHropoACRaro cRjiaAa: CHa6xeEie 
Rycrapefi cupuwb MaTepiaJOirB, hbobuhi npyroicB, RaMuineH^ h Tpa- 
BOD, fijieoTflii^e AORassBaoTB cboh) i^tiecoofipasBOCTB. KycrapH nojiy- 
qaDTB B'B HOHi MaTepiajTB na 15 — 20% JiemeBJie, ^rb y MtcTHsixi 
ORynn^HROBi-ToproBi^eB'B. IIpaBAa, RycrapH, paOoTanioie Ha cRyon^H- 
R0Bi>, npHHysAOBu y hhxi xe 6paTB h MaiepiajTB, ho A'^flTOJiBHOcTB 
GupBOBoro seuoRaro cRsaAd noHHSHJua h^ko. na CHpBe A^^Ke y MicT- 

HHTB TOprOBI^eBl HITB. 

OiCbHHBafl A'^TeJiBHOOTB H ycnixH opranHsai^iH no coA'&ficTBiH) Ry- 
crapnofl npoHnnxjiieHHOCTH MooROBCRofi ry6epHiH, HeiBdfl ynycRaxB hsi 

BHAyi ^0 eft npHXOAHTCfl OCymeCTBJIflTB CBOH B^B npH 06CT0flTejn»- 

CTBax'B oco6o He6jiaronpiflTHBK'B. En^e vh nepBoft ^acxH nameft oraTLH 
yRasHBajiOGB, tto npoi];eooi» RanHTajmsaipH npoM&icjioBi>, oGpamema 
HTB B'B AOManrHDK) ^opuy Rpynnofi npoioimieHHOCTH, HHrAi He no- 
HfiEBjioa TaRB AaieRO, RaRB bb MooROBCRoft ry6epHiH. HocjitAHifl 
HBCJrtAOBamH 1895 r. noRasHBarB, ^ro nponjeccB btotb, nanpHnipB^ 
BB moTo^nfOUB npoMucjii, npoj^oixaeTB ;^aTB OBoe A'^o phaoitb 
CB paonpocrpaHeHieiTB npoMucia *). Cb oj^oS ciopoHH, ecjiH bb npo- 
iBMOjrk H Bairb^aeroff yBeiH^eHie HeirREXB npoMBUDJEeHHUXB eAEBEiTB 
E yMeHBmeHie RpynnsxB ob 10 e 6ojiie HaeMHUHs pa6o^flBifl, to dro 
o6BECHfleTCfl BB 8HaHETejn>Hoft oreneHE t^mb, tto sa nocA'^AHee epeiifl 
H^^ROTopue 6ojiie sasETO^Hue xosfleBa-npominiJieHHERs nepecejEJiECB 
bb MocRBy ]iflA npoMHCjia. CBflpyrofi cropoHH yqacTie bb npoBSBOA- 
cTB'b xeHCRaro Tpy^a ysejE^mBaeTCfl, e EveHHo bb ^opni pasxa^H 
pa6oTH na ^oMa h nomTyHHofi ujiaTii sa n^eiRy — no 1 Ron., ox^ero AefQ- 
sesoREXB A'bBymeRB, GepynurxBaiy paCory, nposBSJiE «ROnieqEEiiaEE». 

nSCjrtAOBaxeJIE MOGROBCREXB npOEHOJtOBB craBETB BOnpOCB «M0- 

seiB jni o6nieoTBeHEoe y^pes^eHie npsxoAETB Ea noHon^B mojiremb 
npoESBOAErejuiirB bb tomb cjiy^ai, Ror^a A^nsoe npoHSBO^CTBo ao- 
CTErjio BB OBoeiTB pasBExiE cTyneEE AOMamEeft CECxeiiH RpynEaro 



*i ID[eT0«Hiifl npoMHcejnb no SBCJriMoBasiiD 1895 r. cTp. 8. 



;200 PyCGROB SOrATGTBO. 

nponsBOACTBa, c^iHraDi^evofl Boo6me RanflTaiHcrnqeGsoft ^opnox) npo- 

H8B0A0TBa?> H OTB^qAIOrB, HO Rpa&Het Utpt, no OTHOineHlD K'B 

n^eroqHOHy npoMucjiy: cj^a, mohotbi. Ohh BvijsflTb 8Ty bo8moshooti> 
vb TOMi, ^0 Bi npoH3BOACTBi npeo6j(aAaeT'B py^Hofi xpyA'B, cnpocb 
fla n^BTKy bojihsi h nocTOHHevL, h eoxB bo3hoshoctb o6JLmvrh Hex- 
Earo npoHSBOAHTejui ci KpynHJEiMH saKas^HRaMH - noTpeCHreJuiMH bi> 
poAt EasHu. ^onycTEifB, qro sto Tasi: ouutei aioro *poAa noope^- 
HHqecTBa cyn^ecTByioTB h AaBajiH gjnecramie pesyjTBTaTH, Haup., bi 
AiaTeJiBHocTH HOBoocsojiBcsaro seMciBa, HcnojiHflBmaro KpynHue noA- 
pfl^Bi Ha canofH npn nocpe^cTBi sycTapefi oj. OjiLnraHRH, hjib hobo- 
TOpscRaro, ci noMomBio Roroparo ifbcTHua Macrepni^u BBinojiHHJiH 
Coxbmie 3aRa3ii Ha BumnBRH A^fl hhshhx'b ^hhobi MopoRoro BtAOM- 
CTBa. OAHaRc^ Boi noAotiHaro po^a onHTU npoH3BOAnjiHOB b'b aobojtbho 
y3RHXB npoA^Jiaxi*. Ho mhgjhmo jth RaRony jih6o o6meGTBeHHOicy 
yqpesAOHiK), B'B po^t aeMCTBa, noAOfiTH r^b raRoB saA&^'^i KaRii yjiy^- 
niHTB H npHTOiTB yjiyqinnTB cyiuecTBeHHO, noiosesie HHoroTMCfl^Hoft 
apMiH AOManiHHXi TRaqeft MocROBCRodf ryCepHiH? 

ECJIH HM^TB B'B BHAy HH^TOSHOGTB TtX'B CHJTB H CpOAGTB'B, QTb , 

ROTOpuHH AO CHX'B Bopi* BuoTynajTH Ha noMon^B RycTapHOfi npo- 
MHmjieHHocTE Bcefi PocciH rooyAapoTBO n irbcTHUH y^peacAOHlfl: — vb 
80 Tuc. eseroAHaro GioAsera RyciapHaro ROMHTexa MHHHorepCTBa seMJie- 
AtjiH, ROTopufl, no BH^HCJueHUo npo^ecoopa A. HcaoBa, jifiX)Tb He 
6off6e 2 Ron. na RycTapH *), t4 200 thchtb py6jiett, ROTopHH co- 
GxaBJiflDTB o6myx) saTpaTyBctxi 13—14 dOMOTBB, sa Bce BpoMH hxI) 
A'bflTeiiBHOCTH noBOonocofiJieHii) RycxapHuiTB npoMUCJuaicB, to cTaserB, 
HOserB 6uTB, BnoxHt noHHTHuiTB TO 6jraroAyHiHoe OTHomeme, RaRoe 
BCTptqaoTB 8T0TB Bonpooi jifioae cpoAH npeACTaBHTejiefl Rpynnaro 

npOHSBOACTBa. 

ToproBo - npoMHOueHHHfi c'B'I3a%, cooTOflBmificfl na BHCTaBR'b 
1896 r. m> r. HHSHOM'B-HoBropoA'b Ha o6ni;erB oofipaniH HJieHOB'B (a 
H6 Ha EycTapHofi ceRi^iH ero, cnjiomB cooTOflBineft hs'b 6jiarosejiaTe- 
Jiefi EyciapHaro jijhjia) OAHHorjiracHo BucRasajicfl 8a BOcnocodjKenie Ry- 
cTapHOfl npoHUHiJieHHOGTn. Hto 8T0? A'bflcTBBTejrBHoe JiH coqyBCTBie 
4)opM'b MejiEaro HapoAHaro npoH3BOAGTBa bm C08HaHi6 CBoefi chju; 
o6ycjioBUBaK)]i^eecfl ojia6ocTBX) npoTHBHHRa, ROTopfiifi, RorAa npHAOT'B 
BpeMfl, Bce paBHo OTanoTB na oj[rys6y Moryn^ecTBy Rpynnaro RanHTaJia 

H BHOmefl TeXHHRH ap0H3B0ACTBa? — KaRB 6U TO HH 6WL0y SH3HB 

HAOTB MeA^oHHo, HBAJireHHo npeo6pa3yx)TOfl dROHOiraqecRifl ^opuu, 
Hifbionqfl nySoRie RopHH B'B nponuioirB h Haorofln^eiTB, HHoro eiue 
HOBaro MosoTB AS^TB 8T0TB npoi^occi npeo6pa30BaHiH IipB vb^KO HO- 

BOMB COqeiaHin OdmeCTBeHHHX'B CHJI'B H HCTOpHqeCRHX'B TpaAHiufi, HO 

TOJiBRo OAHO AOJisHO onpeA^JiHTB Hamo oTHomeme Kb HBJieHiiiirB h 
4)opi[aM'B TORyn^ett a'^Aotbhtqjibhooth — cyABSa skhboh h TpyAfln^eftca 

JH^mOCTH. M. A. riJIOTHHKOBB. 



*) KpaTRift oCsopi* EycTapHurb npoMucsoBi. H^a* ^h. Bern, n Foe 
HMym. Cn6. 1896 v , XXXIY. 



H3^ Am HEFPH. 



Fatalita. 
HoHBH) BCTaJia bna K'b MoeMy hsfojiobbio. 

B'b nOBOJIHTeJIBHOM'b Bsopi— 

<%ryieft MOJiHiH CjiecRi n ofipusraHi RHHxajrb en kpobbk). 

MgtI B'B JLEJSfl OHa CMOTpHrB. Jij^OXJ SL B'B CKflTOHBH, 

CjiHiny: cfl — TBoe rope, 

Mh^-jib noKHHjTB Te6^, pedeHQK'B nyrjraBuft. 
fl Te6a He 6pocajia. 

GpeSB mHHOB'B H I^BiTOBB ^0 HOrHJIH TBOeft CHpOTJIHBOft 

By;](y cjn^AOBaTB a sa T060&, RaR-B 6iiBaj|[o». 
€CRpoftcfl»! — a sapiiAaJia- 

Ho CO HHOK) ocTanacB OHa neoTCTynHO, 

FoBopa: cBosBa bojoeh. 
Th 6opoTBCfl AOJisna cb t^itb, no hhsro, tcmhoh npecTynno, 
Taoa poAHHa TaM'B, vj^ MorHJw, neaojifl. 

TaRoaa Bosbh BOJiial» 

H, RpHHa, noAHflJiacB. cfl na^esxH sejiaio, 

Apyra iohocth acHofl! 
BOCToprazB jih)6bh fb ABftffiiaTBjrIrB a tokjiiocb HBdAUXaio^ 
JIacRH renla, CB%Ta hq^ r — a CTpaAStH), hojuocb h BSAuxaio. 

Gspoftca, npHspaR'B yEouuifi!* 

Cjojmy: cTorB, rto tbophtb, o6jiHBaaca RpoBBio, 

Toil JomiB cjiaBH xoctohh'b. 

Popa HpaHHBift HOJierB mucjub CBaiyio Aapyen cb jih)6obbio, 

[Io6ijRAaeirB juhhib cM^uft, CesrpeneiHiift bohhx». 

H CKasajia: «OcTaHBca!» 

A. M. OeAopoBB. 



HMnepaipHi^a EKaiepHHa h JiHTepaiyp- 
Hoe j^BHiKeHie ea anoxH *). 



HsBicTHO, TTo HMnepaTpmia EKaxepEHa o6jiaji[aia apKO SHpasen- 
Hiom iHTepaTTpRHME HasjiOHHooTaMH; no ea coCScTBeHHOHy npHSsaHm 
8TE HaEJioHHOOTH c^tJiaiH 66 imcaTeJiLHin^6fl, FOpaSAO 60J^6 niOAOBH- 
Toft, n/bm> BUAaion^eficfl. Tiwb He Mesrito HcropHic^b pyccEoft miepa- 
TypH H pycoKaro npocB'^n^eHk ci nojoiawb BHHMaHieiTB jsfiixewb oora- 

HOBHTBGfl 9aJ[H?H0CTH EEaiepHHU H Ha 6^ OOTHHeHiflTB. Bl CJSAe- 

Hiflxi 6H pojiH Bib XHTepaxypt nocTOHHHo H HeHsdisHO nepeRpeniH- 
BaDTca oiclHsa jm^naro ea BKi^a wb Jinreparypy h ncsiDqKTeiBHHA 
yojEOBifl 6H noios6Hia. IIpaBjJia, 8to 6wla HMnepaipHii^a, KOTopaa boc- 
HHTaiaoB H ojioxHjra rjuiBHiftmie cboh TeopeTH^eoRie Bsrjifl;^^ hoai^ 
OHSBHinm iHTepaiypHHicH BikHiflMH, npHSuoa 'jjsjbsarh jLHTepaxypt 

H3BiCTH0e MtOTO HO TOilBEO B'B CBOeVB JIH^HOITB, HO H B'b rOCy^ap- 

oTBeHHOiTB oGHZojicb, H 6CAH caMa H6 Bcer^a 6HJi[a AOoraTOTOO BHHMa- 
TejDbHa ZT> rojiocy jiHrepaTypii, to npeKpaoHO SHaia^ tto kb H6My 
iipnc2[yniHBax)TGfl Apyrie. Ho oi ApyroS CTopona exo diuia nHoaTeiB- 
HHi^a, KOTopaa EHiia vb obohxi pjKaxi coBepmoHHo HCMnwreAb- 
Hua cp6ACTBa Ki iipoB6AeHiK) Ha npaKTHEi obohx'l Bsrjia^oB'L HesaBH- 
CHMO 0Tb Hxi Ka^ecTB'L, H 60IH cHpaBe^jmBo cRasaJTB A^pxaBKHi, ^o 

EsaxepHHa B'B hhskoA AOJrb 
H H6 HaiiapcKoirB 6u npecToii 
Buja BejHsoit) seHOd, 

TO HecoiratHHO TaKace, ^o oiynenH Tpona jsjbABJorb ea jiaxepaTypHyio 
$Erypy 6ojrke spyuHOlt h sna^HTeJiBHOfi^ h a^h Haoi, Ras'B jiflo. ea 

OOBpeMeHHBKOBl. 

Ho Haoi HaH6oit6 HHTepecyerb BOiipocB: EaK'B cMOTp'&ia EKaTO- 
pHHa Ha XHTepaTypy, BaEHMH ea OTOpOHauH Aopoacajia ocoSenHO, sas'L 
onpe^tJiajia ea si^a^H h pojcb bi shshh o6ii;ecTBa. Mu ne mosoitb 
pasc^HTKBaTB Ha TO, ^o6h y^ajiocB sorxa HaGy^B oocTaBETB nojraoe- 
jnrrepaTypnoe profession de foi nmepaTpHipi; oaa ne Buaoaaia era 
OHoreHaTH^ecEH hh jum js^jrwrb, hh Bipoaxao ]iflMe a^ oe6a caMOft^ 



*) ^iHTaHO B% MocBBt, Bi Bac^x^HiH 06ii^ecTBa jD[H)6HTeAet PocciftcKOft 

CuOBeCHOCTH, 17 HOflGpfl. 



BMIIEP. BKITEPHHA H IHTBP. JlfiWX. Efl dtLOJM. 20^ 

6fl BsrjuAU pacKpuBaDTCfl nepe;^^ HaKH 6oJihmev> qacTBK) otphso^ho, 
pa86pooaHHO, no noBOAj Toro eih ^pyroro iHxepaTypHaro ^aExa, cb 

KOTOpHMl OHa BCTpiTHJiaCB Ha CBOeiTB II7TH. PadyMiOTCfl, 9T0 060TOfl- 

TeiBCTBO HO iiimaerB HHrepeoy: npoErpHBaa wb k^jibhocth h noiHOTt, 
HanrB Haiepian BBEHrpHBaen vh sH8HeHH0CTH h HenocpeACTBeHHoit 
npaB^i. 

ERaTepHHa aBHmcB Ha pycoKovBnpeGTOjr&yseAaBHocjiosHBniefiGfl 
jn^HOCTiio; KaKOBi Cwrh npej^ujsjn^A xoa'b ea pasBHrifl h KaKHHH 
jiHTepaTypHBiiffH ssruAaiiH hofb ohl ee 0Ha6AHTB? Hsi ea ooCoTBen- 
Haro pascKasa mu snaeirB, qTO bi ;^TCTBi 61110 Haio o6paii^eHo bhe- 
HEHiH Ha efl OHOTeHaTH^eoRoe oCpasoBanie, h Hopa ckojtbko hh6ja^ 
oepBesHaro yHOTBeHHaro pasBEiifl na^aiaoB ^u EsaTepHHU jihqib 0^ 
npito^^OHi vb PocciD. Xoth efl 61110 tojibko 15 lirb, ho, o^obhaho, 
AJui pojiH Beji^ROll KHflrHHH, B^ 6jji,jT]iewh pyccKoft HMnepaxpHipi, 
OHa 6Hia coTrena bo BctrL OTHoineHiflxi» toute faite, KaK> npo Hee 
Tor^a roBopBiH; no EpaftHofi wbpi Kor^a aanua pi^iB 061 ycxpoficTBt 
Aifl HOfl saHflTiS, TO Ki 6e8yciofiHO HeodxoABirairb ypoBaiTB crpeqe- 
cRoft B'lp£i» H pyccsaro flSiiKa HiinepaTpHna EjiBsaBora co^ia Hys- 

HUHl npH6aBHTB TOIBKO TdHipi. Cl T^Tb HOpB EKaTCpHHa HO BEBaSk 

HHKaRHX'B ypoROBi, RpoH'& coBopineEHo HeyAaBmeftcfl hoiibitrh na- 
y^HTBCfl $paHi^8CR0Hy CTHxocjioseHiH) y ^e JIbhbh e Cempa b'b 
1787 ro^y; mi Hec^HTaeHi oqeHB y;^a?Hiix'B ypoROBi, KOTopiie ona 
6paia y shshh bi Te^oHiH Bcefi shbhh. Ho ogjih Apyne cwxajiH ee 
roTOBoS xoTB Ha npecTOJDCB, ona cana 6ujih ne corjaena cb dTHin h 
KHoro pa6oTaia na^'B oo6ot. Bee csoe pasBHTie EsaTepHHa noqepn-^ 
Hyjora hsi ^iTeHiH, ajia ROToparo HMiianHoro cBo6oAHaro BpeiceHH B'b 
Te^eHiH 18 j^^tb cBoefi TfloejioS noAHeBoiBHot shshh npn ;^op^ 
EiHsaBeTu. Bi> 8toui» vroHiH riaBHoe irtcTO iipHHa;][jiesaJB[0 npoH3Be- 
AeniflU'L ^paHi^yscROd npooBtxeTeAHofi jiexepaxypii. Ilocjii co^HHenifi 
BojTBxepa ona cxaia paadop^HBie Vb eBoeni qxeniH, BoiBxepB na- 
y^HJTB ee AyMaxB, ona yqesHi^a BojiBxepa h 3Haex% ero nacxojiBRO, 
qxo 6epeT0fl no ciory oxraAUBaxB ero co^HHenifl, ona npHjresHo b^h- 
THBaexcH B'B cjoBapB Befljfl h bo ^paHi^yscRyio Sm^HRJioneAiDi hb'b 
ROTopoi yae hb SO-xi ro^axi npoAOJBraaeTt no^epnaiB cboh cb4a*m, 
eft oxjiH^LHO snaROHH coqeHenifl Madame de Savigny e cIIpesHAeHxa 
MoHxecRBO*. Bee axo apRo onpe^iJiflerB xapaRxepB nxepaxypHaro 
o6pa30BaHifl ERaxepnHK, h MHorie h3'b ochobhhx'b bsfjea^^ovb JiHxepa* 
xypu npocBibnieHifl, ynaBB na 6jiaroAapHyx> no^ny jih^huxb oboAcxb'b 
ERaxepHHu, coxpaHHJiHCB vb Heft HaBcer^a. 

Hxo HaxoAHja ERaxepHHa b'b xorAamHeft pyccRofi jmxepaxyp'b? 

npn ABopi npesA6 Bcero h noHflXH&e HHoraro APyroro nepe;^ neft 
AOJiaRHa 6Huia bhj^htbgh HaposA&H)niaflCfl nama noaaifl. XyAOsecxBOH- 
naff cxopOHa efl 6uj[a o^ohb cjia6a, roBopa CHHGXOAHxejBHo; pyccRift 
noaxB nojioBHHH 18 Bina ^n^e ne noAOspbBarL, ?xo mosho xoj^hxb 
na OBOHX'B Horax'B; oh'b 6oflj[Cfl aanaiRaxBCfl rpflSBU A'i^ficxBHxejiBHooxH 
h hb xqibro ^to cmnxoiTB eiiy napa^HOHB Ra^^ni aRa^^enHRa hih 



204 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

npH^BopHaro CTHXOTBopi^a, hbjiobko Rapa6KaflCB Ha BHCokifl ^pasi^s- 

€Kifl XOAyJITH, JHHJIGfl I^OpeHOHHO BUCTynaTB Bl OJSfk H BX TpareAiH UH 

cxapajcfl ^pa^io3HO iipH(AA<^Tb b'b bjniori h jid6obho& n'&coHRi. IIo- 
HffTHo, qTO 8TH nepBUfl ynpasHeHifl 6uzk Hajo naaii^Hu. BnpoqeiTB, 
CBo6oxHofi nepoAa^'b jiyineBHHX'B ABHsenift B'B xyA03R60TBeHHoft 
^j^opni Tor^a He He^TaiH He tojilro j Haci, ho h b'b sana^Hofi Esponi. 
18 f6r'b 6hj['l npeai^e Bcero HHTHnoBTHqecRHH'L. Focno^cTBO pascyj^ca 
H BApaBaro CHUcjia, RaRi HaBioTHo, noAA^psHBajio bo ^pani^iH cy- 
xyD H qonopHyn MyiriD j[OSHORiaooHi^H3Ma AOJuro cnycrfl nocit Toro, 
RaR'B 6ujiH pacmaTaHU h onpoRHHyrii HHorifl, ropas^o 6oii6 BasHua, 
npaBHJEa n aBTopHTOTii, n RpBTH^ecRifi Tonopi BojiBTepa, cnie^a py- 
6HBniift «BC'& 8aBtTHUfl oTi^oBORifl noBipiifl>, He MorB HanecTH hh 
OAHoro yxapa HSBHJiHCTOMy n cROiBSROMy, RaRi SMia— no Bupaacenii) 
nyiuRHHa — ajieRcaHApifiCKOMy CTHxy ^^paHuyscRofi Tpare;^H. Bb npH- 
^yAJHBSEX'B ca^axx BOo6paseHBfl h bi JiafiHpHHrax'B cboSoahuxii cTpa- 
<^Tefi nieRcaHpa qyBCTBOBaJii ce6fl pacxepaHHo pascyAoqHHfi j^jTh 

18 Bi^Ra, OBOfiO^HO B CMtJO, TO^HO Bl CTpHSeHOlTb BepcaJTBCROHl* HapR^^ 

ryjrHBmift cpeAH npasHjiBHiixB JiorH^ecRiix'B oxbitb h orpoBHofi njiaHH- 
poBRH RjiaccH?ecRofi TpareAiH, RaR^b h cpe^n paairtpeHHHX'B BocroproBi 
H o6AyMaHBaro jinpnqecRaro desnopsAKa oah. 

BupocmR B'B TaRHTB BRycaxi, ERaTopHHa R'b TOMy se n caHa 
ofiiaiaia a^JKORO hb noaTH^ecRoll HaTypofi, De ma vie je n'ai jamais 
su faire ni vers, ni musique, roBopHTB ona npo ce6fl h ($jHCTaTejiBHO 
AORasajna 8to, TmeTHO cTapaacB co^hhhtb noA> pyROBOACxBoirB onur- 
Haro ^paHi^ysa qeTspe crpoRH ^paHi^yaoRHX'B cthxob'b na obok) co6- 
OTBeHHyn HeytftiocTB: 

Cent fois j*ai pris ma plame et cent fois Tai jet6e, 
Ma raison est guind^, ma rime est emprant4, 
Ma prose etait facile, mes Tors sent detestables. 

BoTB ?To co3Aaia ona nocji'^ HaccH noHapoRi; — jiflLXbme jijbxo He 
nomjTo. Bci cthxh, ROiopuxi xaRi HHoro fb ea ROMBAiflxx dOx-b 
^0A0B^, HHcaHH en ceRperapHMH. 

CoBepmeHHO nocjf&AOBaTeJiBHO BRjofD^aerB ona b^ HHCTpyRii;iD rhhsio 
OajrruROBy o BocnRTaniH BeJEHRHXi RHflsefi AjieRoaHApa h KoHcxaH- 
THHa cI'6AyH)I^ift naparpa^B: <BHpmairB h MysuRt y^HiB ne j^a ?ero, 
Tiwh H ApyrHMi HHoro BpeneHH TepHeTCfl>. Oahbhi cjobou^, bo 
B3rj!flA'& CBoeMi Ha noasin h ea 3Ha?eHie EfcaTopHHa Cujia Ha ypoBHt 
xoAaqnx'B nonariflf xoro BpeHOHH: iio83ia ecTB HCRyccxBO 3aMUCioBa- 
Taro BupasBHia, npiaTHO sanaMaion^ee yin* wb OBo6oAHoe otb 6oxie 
cepBOSHuxi aaHHTift Bpeiia, HCRyocTBO, ooo($eHHO npHroAHoe npa ABopi 
AJia npBAftBia 6ojn»maro 6jecRa uo6tjifiWb h npa3ABHRa]fi. KoHeAia 
xopoma noToay, ^to c^HCTHrB HpaBH», TparsAia — QOTOtfy, ^o a&otb 
o6pa3i^u BucoRHX'B ^yBOTBB. TaRi TorAa AyMaiB Bct HiH no^a Bci; 
ERaxepHHa ne Csjra HCRJiioqeHieirB. Oaa ocBo6oAHjia oxi> cyAa h citA- 
cxBia AepacaBHHa, o6BHHeHHaro xenpaBHJBHO no ero iiHtHiD h HCRas- 
maro npaBOcyAia, h npHRasaJia eiry cRasaxB, qxo rocyAapHHa ae mo- 



EMIIEP. EEATEPHHA E JIIHT£P« flfiEX. EA aUOXH. 205 

acerL cjahtb niuxifik ^qjlohu] ona ci o6BopoaHT6JQ»Hofi jinfiKot roBo- 
pHia eHy spn Bcipi^^ ^to ero «Tpy6a ctojeb se rpoiiEa, KaRi> izpa 
npiflTfla*, H HeM'HOSRo Herepn'ijHBO no6y2c;^aji[a ero fiojule saHnHaxBOfl 
doBUHH cBHA'^HiflME Myp3K[>, q^Mi* A'^OM'B 6aHSEpa CyTeiuiaHAa. Bo 

BCeiTb dTOHl> eCTB HHOrO BHHMaHlfl, HO HiTB E npESHaKOBl OI^tSKH 

Qoasifl ^epsaBEHa, bT) soTopoS yse Cuemjdrb sapa xyAoseoTBeHHaro 
TBop^ecTBa. ^epsaBEH'B 6e3co3HaT6JiiBH0, HO o^eHB MiTRo oxapaKiepH- 

SOBaJOLB 8TE B3Ti&flfil CBOefi ^OJIHI^U: ' 

npopOKOH'B TU TOrO HO ^HCJIHIIIB, 

Kto tojlko ph4)mh HoseTi njiecTB. 
A ^TO cia yMa 3a6aBa— 
KajrH(|)OBi ,xo6pKXB qecTB h ciaBJi,— 
HHCXojlHinB TU na jEpmifi jaj^'b. 
ilodsia :re6'fe jrK)6e3Ha, 
npijtTHa, (xiaj^ocTHa, noiesna, 

RaKB JI-^TOHB BKyCHUd jnaMOHa^B. 

K7> KOHi^y [(apcTBOBafliH EsaTepEHH saina nodsia^o/tliaira 6ojD[Binie 
ycH'&xH E no qacTH xyAoseciBeHHOE ^opMBi, e no cepBOSEOCTE co^ep- 
acasia, ho HHnepaTpHi^a ocTaiacB npn cbooh'b BdrjEA'i^ sa see; mm he 
Esii qero Ee beaem'b, qiofiu eaoh h ^yBCTBa naxoAEJiH ce6t Gojite 
jierkifi nyxB isrb ea co3HaHiio nyreifB xyAosecTBeHHoft $opMU. Jifia, dToro 
ofla o6j[a;^aJia oJHEmROMi a'^Jiobbem'b, peajBSUH'B CRjia^oJci yMa. Xy^o- 
acecTBeEEUfl AOCTOEHCTBa ea co6cTBeHEUX'B pa3soo6pa3HHxi nponsBe- 
AOflifi oqoHB cj[a6u. Oaa ^anie Bcero nEcaia caiEpE^ecRia Ben^H, 6b[b- 
mia Tor^a bo BRyct BpeHOHE. CaxHpE^ecRifi Ayxx, RaRi ecTeoTBeaEoe 
cji^ACTBie BMaHOEsai^iE pa3yMa, 6iwb o6n(eHi aBJieflieifi bcoh espo- 
uefiCRofi JiETepaxypii 18 stRa. Oa'h cocAEHajca o6uRsoBeHHo gb no- 
yqETejUBBOCTBH). BojBfflBECTBo TorAamflEXi' jiETepaTypHfiiX'B npoBSBe- 
AOEift sa GOBpeHeHsoM'B asHRi neiBsa sasBaiB Eflaqe, RaRi ptsRo 
TesAeE^io3EUHE; TeHA6En;ia hjie no TorAamHOMy doSpoe naMthpenie A^xe 
Kh nodTHqecREiTB npoBSBeAeHiaMi a^h npoHsooTE npEmsBajiacB Rp'i^n> 
REME 6i^uiifl EHTRaHfl; BOiTB no^oMy TaR'B Hajto BEAEUi) Mu xyAO»e- 
cTBeEHOCTE Bi> TOFAaniEei no83iE. CaTEpa e HopaJB cocxaBJiajiE Tor^a 
HepaspuBHyH) napy: fijiaroEaMtpeHHocTB nflcaTeJiefi cjysejia ycnoRafl- 
Baion^EarB pyqaTOJiBCTBoicB 3a ofipa^i* huc;[6B ea 6yfiH0E no^pyrE; 
Me»Ay HEME qacTO He 6£iJ[0 Haqero ogiuaro, OHi ne 6iijie poAHefi 
Aase no Ay^7) ho onpaxEBift bea'b MopaiE aacxaBjiflJi'B oHECXOAExejiBEO 
nepeHocETb fiesnopaAoqEug roctsicb e pi^sRia HaHepii caxapu.. HejiBBa 
CRasaxB, ^To6u b% JHHiepaxypt EHRor^a He pasjiyqaiE dxhx'b cecxepii; 
OAHE oxsasEBaJiflCB BuaycRaxB caxEpy solo, ho dxo 6ujip no^i cEJiy 
HeMHo^HM^ hsx nncaxeaeft, Apyrie oxoxho bhboaeib OAsy ea CRpoM- 
HyiD noApyry, ho — axo 6hjio ne hoat* cEjiy meopem-b es'b qaxaxeJieE. 
y Haci B'B iPocciE, bx CEJiy MeHBmeg bmcotu xyAOsecxBOHEaro pasBE- 
Tia, 8X0 EanpaBJueHie AaBajio Coaie rpy6He moah, qtMi bt. sanaA- 
HoM EBpo[i'b..HaMlpeHie, aBTopcRiE ^jHMceji^, BucoBBiBaacB esi* nBecBt 
cyxEMi CKejiexoMi, nopxEXi> HHoiia nicxa Aft^se B'B jyqniEX'B 
HamHX'B aBTopax'B, nanp., bx ROHOAiE ^OEBESEHa. He o6iaAaa xajiaH- 



206 * PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

ToiTB aBTopa <HeAopoojui>, EsaTepHHa o^oeb qacro Bn&jsf^ffrb vh TaKyi> 
aaTHXjAoxeoTBeHHjD <y]ainueHH0CTb». 

Vrb ApyrniTB cTopoHairB Hameft no83iH EsaTepHHa 6un fiojtie 

OTSUB^HBa. HbB^OTHH efl SafiOTH flSHSt, KOTOpUJk OHa H Bl CBOinCK 

coqHHeHiflX'L OTapaiaob cAiiaxB JEerKHHi h cbo6oah£iii'l, o cocraBieHm 
aEi^eMflqecBaro cjioBapa; Bce bto Hniio cBoe SHaqeme h jsflE noashi. 
AepsMHH'B roBopui npo cbod ^ejiHn^y, qro osa HanHcaHa ^ e>i 
^xym; 0H6BHAHQ, H TOFAa saiiivajiocb h npnHHHaiocB wb ooo6paxesie 
efl orpeHJieflie ei cBotioj^HOt, mnpEEjmjifiEEoi ^opiii. 

SapoAHBrneeca bi XYm Bts6 crpeiiJieHie k'b sapoj^HocTH, ei» hb^ 
poAHHiTB nioHfliTB, CB^asRaiTB H npeAamfliTb Ha ocxaiocB et ^s- 
jifiUTb. 3to Hai^OHaABHoe HanpaBieHie jrarepaTypH XYHI b., ao cexi 
nopi emfi HeAOCTaio^HO oi^iHeHHoe h HsyqeHHoe, saxBaruo Tor^a 
niHpoKoit noAOGofi name o6me(rrBo; ero pasHOOtipassEia orpaxeHLs 
KOSHO Ha6jiDAaTB Bi* JLspnsi H B-h anoci, bi* RoicejipflX'B h oaTHpn- 
qeosExi» sypHaitfi'L, cepbesHux'B craTLflxi e wb HcropHqecsHXi pa6o- 
xaxi H B-b y^oBHX'B xpy^axi aKigi^eHHKOB'B; otb 6i^JaIx^ h ciyqaft- 

HUXl BCTaBOKl HapOAHUX'B BtipaSOHift ^ H irkeffB B'B BOMe;^]D dJIH 

Bi crnxoTBopeme oho aoxo^htb ao coSiipaHifl HapoAHaro noBTH^eoKaro 
sanaoa n nouuTOBib ero Hsyfeflui, orb HHOTHHKTHBHaro Bie^OHifl bo8- 
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14* 



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^aaxi efl arc y^aaaiocB a acxopia ae 3a6yj](6xi» bxbx'b ea sacjtyrB. 
Ho CDpaBejpiaBOcxB sacxasjiaexi^ apaaaaxB, hxo o6a^ecxBeaao jmxepa- 
xypaaa A'^xaiBaocxB, npoSyacAeaaaa Esaxepaaoa, Aocxaraia aaorAa 
xaKEXB cjoacaux'B a cfioeo6pa3a£ix'B ^opMB, KoxopBia ae bxoabjib 
coBepmeaao vh npeoSpasoBaxeiBaHa n'bjiE aM^6paxpaI^I, aaJuumcB 
^a aea qyaBj^uHa aaoBuaa aacxoABKO, ^xo oaa ORaauBajiacB ae wh 
cajEax-B ae xonao aaa pyaoBOj^axB, ao a aaSxa aai cooxBtxcxayio- 
lUee axB saaqeaiD irtcxo vb j^icxaaxejiBEOcxa. npa^aau axoro Jie- 
saia oxqacxa bb cBoftcxaaxi xo£ noAroxoBaa, aoxopoD oCAaAaia aa- 
nepaxpai^a js^ Bunoiaeaia AeasaBmaxB aa aefi saAa^i. 

Esaxepaaa ycBoaia oefii HBOria cBixjoia cxopoau jraxepaxypu 
npocBtn^eaia. IIpBsaaaie npaBi» pasyaa, yBaxeaie ai nejiOB^^ec&oay 
AOcxoaaoxBy, npaaa ^eiOBiaa aa cBo6oAy Ja^iaocxa, cxpeiueaie si 
ryaaaaocxa a k'b Baaoaaocxa — ace axo nepesEBaiocB en a a^^o 
^opaapoaaiocB ea) bi> oxpmbo^bbdcb a^opasaaxB ea^e ^o aoxyaieaia 
aa npecxojTB. cHasasii — nepsoe ea Jiaxepaxypaoe apoasaeAeaie a 
canoe Basaoe no aiiaaiiD aa pyccKyi) Jiaxepaxypy — 6112% naoAOVB 
«xoro aacxpoeaia aanepaxpai^ii. Kaaoaa 6u aa 6£ua pojiB Hasaaa 
a caasaaaoft orb aaai soHaaccia AoayxaxoBi vb acxopia aamero aa- 
RoaoAaxejBcxBa a aaniax'B yqpesAeaift, ao BAeftaoe aaa^eaie axi 
()buo rpoaaABO. HaaasB Buasaii kb sasaa a npo6yAaj[B bb pyccaoaB 
o6aiecxB'fc Macro cb&sex'b gbjeb a aa^ojiro coaAajTB bosmoseocxb bu- 
paseaia cxpeajieaifi a ^aaaift jy^maxB pyccKEx:B iioAefi, onpe^tjiEBB 
Bi> B'bKoxopux'B ciyqaaxi a caaoe coAepautaie axaxi cxpeiueaitt. 
H^ea Haaaaa oGierqaJifl HoBEaoay ero caxapaqecKifi nyxB, oat bjib- 
BaJiECB 6iaropOAaoi cxpyeft wb noasiio A^psaaaaa, cb aaaa xtcao 



216 PyCCltOB BOrATCTBO. 

Gjnara RoireAiH $0HBH3HHa, 6jarb jkosotb hx^ otbbjrh csmnsa vEovm^ 
j^ise Vb nyTemecTBiH Pa;^Hiii:eBa. Ho MipoBOsspinie, KoropuiTB CHa6- 
acaia ^pannyscKafl BpocBiTHTejiBHafl JiHTepaTypa cbohx'b aAonroBi, hmI- 

20 OBOE He;iOCTaTRH, KOTOpiie 6hJ[H rtCEO CBflSaHB (TB ;i;OCTOHHCTBaMH, 

cocraBJiflfl EYb ofipaTHjK), TlHeByD oropoHy. 06o6ii(eHUi, yHHBepcajiB- 

HOCTB H CH^JIOCTB BHBOAOB'L npio6piTaJIHGB Hep^AKO I^tHOD CJEHmKOlTL 

6oja>mofL TeopeTeqHOCTH, OTopBaHHocTH otl xhshh. 

OxBJie^eHHO-RpHTH^ecKifi jiyx'B jrHxepaTypii npocBtmoHiffy OTHonre-- 
Hie K^;^4fiCTBHTe«»H0CTH CBTOIKH spiHiE o6mHXi paacyAOTHHX'B HOpM-B, 
H a$0pE3M0B'B, HPpaBinHX'B pOJIB aKCiOH'B, CTpeMieHie 003AaBaTB CTpog- 

BBTE TOopin n H^EOTopoe npespime k'b ^asrairB shshh, ^ocaAHo Top* 
?aBiiiBMi> Hapyacy hbi jiorH^eoREXi paHOEi CECTeMu; oaeemi oioboits. 
CTpeirireEie npoESBOJiBHo EamraAHBaTB' Ea sebhb npeABSsrufl Bosspb- 

HIH H CJraCo paSBETOe yiliftHBe EBBJieRaTB ES'B CaMOft AiftCTBHTeABEOOTE 
eE BHCinifi CMHCJI% — BOTB Ee^OCTaTEE, KOTOpHMB CTpaAaJIB JJifiJSQ CE- 

CTBiraTE^ecRE BHpaSoTaBEue bbtjisjiji RpynEBix'B nEcaxejiiefi Toro Bpe- 
MeHE. Otb sexx nioxo samEmajrE j[,axe BUAann^iftcE yifB e cojiea- 
Eoe o6pa30BaHie, oee oRasHBajirEGB npoTEBop^^EME b% BOsapiEiflxi^. 
FJTE pasiaAoiTB HOiRAy TeopeTEqecREHE BsriEAavE E npaRTEqecEofi a^- 

TeiBBOCTBH). JlerRO BBA*TB,qTO npB EBBiCTBHX'B yCJlOBUIXl 3TE BOAO- 

craTRE ceocoOeu 6£IJ[e nepeposBAaTBCE bi RpyaEUE npoTEBoptqin, b'b. 
FCRaKeEiE. TorAa RyjBTB paayMa nepexoAEJTB b^ RyuBTB cBoero pa- 
syiia, BucoROM^pEoe oTEomeEie r'b A^ftcTBETejirBHOCTfl se A^Bajo sa- 
irt^aTB, ^TO XE3BB Bcerja cjoaBie, ^itb ona Raaeica, Beio R'B rpy- 
6oKy, noBepxHocTEOMy aEaJiEsy oe EBJieHit e ri» EenoHEHaHin ea 
ECTEEEaro cMHCJia; npE stoei o6iiREOBeflHO pasBEBaexGE oossasie 
CBoeft EenorpiiEEMOCTE, EerepnEHOCTB r'b ^ysEirB MEiEiflVB, ROTopua, 
EorAa OEE eo uoeeteii eie jsfiane npocTO Ee noHflni, cb njie^a npE- 
3saK)TCfl JTossmiE E EejiiniiME; b'b pedyjiBiarb ^eJoroBlR'B Hep^A^o 
cxHraeTB Ha npaRTERi to, ^eny npoAOJisaerB eorjioeetbce b'b TeopiE, 
BSE Aase npEMo EaqEflaerB RjiaEETBCE Tony, ^o paHBme csREran. 
9Tofi onacEocTE eo Baorat yAaiocB E36'lsaTB ERaTepEvb, RorAa 
pyocRafl A'^ftcTBETexBEocTB BUABEEyjia nepeAi nefi EaE6ojri^e cjioxeue h 
sanyTaEEHfl cboe EBjresifl. CnpaBeAJiEBo, Enpo^eMi, 6yAerB iipE6a- 

BETB, ^0 OEa 6£IJia 06fl8aEa BOtMl* CBOEITB paSBHTieHl ECRXDHETeJIBEO 

CBMOfi ce6i^; cpeAa, ORpysaBmafl ee cb A'i^TCTBa, Morjra a&tb efi tojibro 
OAHO AypEoe E het6mi He noAA^psajia ea xoponiEX'B cTpeHJieEift fb 
Ty nopy, RorAa cRjiaABEBajiECB j6iajifiEUL nsofi BenROfi EEaacsii. Ofla, 
xejuajia Ao6pa cBoeft CTpaEi, CTapajiacB ae^so flosEaROMETBCE ex Heft 
H ea pa3HOo6pa3BBiuE EyaRAaME, ocoCeEHo vb nepeiie roAu npaBjre- 
Hifl, RorAa vh neft 6ujto MHoro aEepriH e otsub^ebocte; fb ESBtoEofb 
xipt osa AOeiETJia Bcixi HaMiqeEEUx'B A'bjieft. HeAOJnsEo 6htb sa^ 
6tiT0 fl TO, TTO nojfoseHie EKaTepEEH BosAaraio na nee rpoEaAHiifl 
o6fl3aTej[BCTBa, npE BunojiHeHiE BOTopsx'B osa Hep^ARO BCTptqaia 
RpyroMi oe6a noAAepEoty jtbeib cbohx'b^ AypBiixi cTopoffB h cbohx'b. 
oniHfioEii. A* E. rpyaHHGHiN. 



}KEPTBA. 

(OBaTOHHHft pascBasTb). 



9to npoBSomjio bi> paHHee SHMsee yTpo. Eujio en^e coBcdftirK 
TeMHO, Ha HHCToiTb ue&k AoropajiH SBisAu. Bca seiua noKpButacb 
BunaBmHiTb vh lewHie npeAuxyn^aro ahh cadftroirb. 

Basapii emfi He Ha^ajtCH, ho co s&ksjb cropoHii Eib neiiy 
ci'i83EajiHCB B03U, sanpHseHHBie jiomaAbHH H BOJiaifflr. KpecTb^He 
U3i> cocdftxHHrb cexb BesjiH Koe-qro a^i^ npoAasH, jifijne co6h- 
pajiHCb KkjLMh noKynKE. 

CH^rb xpycii^jTb noA'b KOJiecaia; on Tenjoixi jiomaAHsurb 
CHHffb noAUMajiCH napb; na Bosax'b cha&eh MysHSH h 6a6u. Ho 
ropoffb enie cnajii, vh neirb ho Ha^HHajsacb eme A^OBaa shshb. 

B'b ysKOiTb nepeyjiKi, nenoAajieicy orb njion^aAH, rgb ocra- 
HaBjiHBajiHCb B08U, y TGHHaro KaMOHHaro 8a6opa croajia, nps^ 
acaBniHCb Kb neiiy, BucoKaa ^erypa, KasaBmaacH HenoABHSHOft. 
. HenoAajieKy OTCH)Aa ropijrb rasoBuft posoKb Bb yjiHUoirb iffo^ 
Hapi, HO CBirb on Hero 6ujrb cjoiHinKoirb cjtatib h ociaBjujrb 
BucoRyH) j^Hrypy fb t^hh. OAHaKo, npHCMOTpiBmHCb Kb neft, 
MOSKHO 6ujio pasrjJUAiTb na AJinHHOVb xyAOicb TyjiOBEn^'ft Ma- 
jieHbKyio rojKOBy, npsKpuTyio Kpyrjioft ^ypasKoft, upHmjienHyToft 
Kb caMOft rojKOBi, 6e8b KOsupbKa. Hsi noAb ^ypasRH CBdbnH- 

niHBaJIHCb RJIOqbH C^AUXl BOJIOCb, C&AHHbl npOFJUAblBajDI Bb SH-^ 

AORbKHXi ycaxi h vh p^ACBbKoft 6opoAK'&. Oh% cjersa cornyjicfl 
H, noBHAHMOHy, AposajTb orb xojiOAa. Kocxioirb ero Becb co- 

CTOAJ'b H8b pBaHUXb CanOFOBb, KOporeHbKHXb 6pi0Kb H AUHHaro, 

CTpannaro BHAa, njian^a, BHciBmaro na Hem, Kasb na ap^boo 
Hoirb cyKy, odpaaya co Bcixb ciopoffb rjiydoBiA cuuiakh. Iljian^ 
BTon 6ujrb CHibHO noTepn, nopusftjrb h Koe-rAi Bb neicb 
npocB^^HBajiH saiiiTHUii A^^pu* 

Kasajiocb, ohi qero-TO acAaji'b. MoasHO 6iuo AEse noAyiiaTb) 
HTo osHAaniH ero HMijiH KaKoe to OTHomeHie sb He6y, noroiiy 
qTO OHi qacTO noAUMajrb rojiony h HocMaTpHBaji'b na SBteAU. 
Ho OHi» HB^ero ne aB^ajTb on He6a; OMy hbao 6isljlo tojebko 
BHaxb, CBopo-JiH noracHyn m!bsjm h HacTynnn Ton qacb^ 
vesAy HO^bK) H yxpoMi, KOTOpuft OHi CHHTajTb caMuiTb yAo6-< 
RUMb AJU CBoero peMocjia. 



118 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

dton ^acB HaciynHn. MopoaL cjierica npHHajien. IIo ny- 
CTUHHuiTL yjiHi^am ciajia 6ucTpo ABHraTbCH KaKan to t&hb. 
Ona npH^jiHsajiacB kb ^^OHapniTB, h Toiqacb ^oHapH racjH h 

CTaHOBHJIOCB COBCImB TOMHO. TOFXa H BUCOKifl qeJlOB^KB ABH- 

HyjiCH CB CBoero irficTa h, CTynan no cniry thxo h ocroposao, 
HanpaBfljicii kb tfasapHofi njioiitaAH. 

ObiH}i% B080BB yace KOH^HJICfl. JI,epeBflHHUH JiaBKH, KOTOpUMH 

Ha nojEOBSHy 6ujla sacTpoena njioiqs^, en^e He^oTnapajiHCB. Ha 
tiasapi H6 611JLO saiitTHO o6uiHaro loproBaro XBHaReHifl. Bu- 
t^Kift qejiOBiKB OAHaKO-se ae nomejiB na canyio njiontajib, a 
KaicB TO see o6xoaub ee CTopoHsoft h, noBHAHMOMy, oqeHB 
onuTHUMB rjiasoHB ocMaxpHBajTB ee bo bc^xb noApo6HocTflXB. 

MysHUKie bosu ctoajih paAuniKoirB, oahhb oeojlo Apyroro, 
BB TOMB vficTi, KOTopoo 6ujio A^ui HHXB oTBeACHO pasB HaBcePAa. 
PacnpjiseHHUH jiomaAH R BOJiBt 6uj[h TyTB ise 7 cbohxb AumjiB 
H orj[o6jie&, tojibko tojiobu hxb 6uj[h o6pan^eHu kb noBossaMB; 

OHfl yTKHyjIH HXB BB (AhO H MflpHO, HeTOpODJIHBO SOBajtH. Hb 

xyacflKOBBy HH 6a6B He 6ujlo bhaho. Mosho 6ujio saMi^THTB, qTO 

CB H^KOTOpUXB B080BB CB^inHBajIHCB MySH^BH HOFH BB TOJICTUXB 

ioxTOBuxB canoraxB, h TorAa Ha Bosy pasAaBajiM xpaoB. Ho 

(JOJIbinHHCTBO npiiSSHXB OCTaBHJIfl CBOH TOiirn CB JlOinaABHH H 

BOJiaMH H OTopaBHjiHCB BB ipaKTflpB rp^TBCH qaoHB. EasapHufi 

CT0p03KB CB COHHUMB H HpeSBBiqaftHO HeAOBOJIBHUMB JIHI^OMB XO* 

AHJTB 0TB OAHoro BOHiia luioii^aAH BB ApyroMy, cTyqa cBoefl toj- 
OToft najiKOft MepsjiyH) aeiuDo. Ohb, KoneqHO, AOJiseHB 6ujib 
Ha6j[K>AaTB sa t^^mb, qTo6ii Ha sosaxB Bce 6ujiio ujbjiOj ho bh- 
a:6jib-jui ohb hto HH6yAb nocji'& Toro, Kan ne cnajTB bch) ho^b, 

HeHBBiCTHO. 

BuCOKiS HeJIOBiSB BB AAHHHOMB HJian^i, CA&iaBB H'fcCKOJIbKO 

TypoBB BOEpyn njioqaAH, Bce 6ojshme h 6oj[Bine npH6j[HsajiCH 
KB BoaaMB. OqesHAHo, ohb HsyqajiB nojioaceHie xbs'h. Ohb npH- 
CTajUBHO BCMaTpHsajiCH BB TeMHOTy HOHH^ H ero sopKie rjiiasa bh- 
A&tH Bce, qTO A^ajiocB na BosaxB. ^sa pasa bb neA'iJiK) 6u- 
Bajra CaaapHbie jifun, ABa pasa bb HeA^JHo ohb ToqHo TaKsce 

ABJIflJICH CIOAa H OCMaTpHBaJIB KaXAI^ B03B, KOTOpufl 6bIjrB 

BHaEOHB eMy bo BcixB noApo6HOCTHXB. Ohb mofb pasjiaqaTB hxb 

He TOJIBKO HO 0C06eHH0CTHMB CTpoeHifl, HO H HO JfOmaAHMB, — 

HO i^eiTy HXB rpHBB, no BOJiaMB^ — no ^opKi hxb porosB. Te- 
nepB BecB BonpocB jsfisi nero saEjiioqajicfl bb tomb, RaKoft HMeHHo 
BO8B npoACTaBJifleTB no6ojiBnie bufoau h noMeHBme onacnocTH. 

OqeBHAHO, TaKHMB B030MB AOJISeHB 6UTB TOTB, KOTOput CTOHTB 

nofijiHse KB HOMy h noAajiBme otb noqnoro CTopoaca, totb, na 
KOTopoMB HHKTO He cuHTB H xosHesa KOToparo ymjin bb TpaK- 
THpB. H OHB TenepB B&i6Hpajrb. 

BoTB OHB ocTanoBHjiCH Ha OAHOMB. Ohb ctohjtb BB HHTH ma* 
raxB OTB Hero. Ha Bosy JieacajiH Karie to MimKH, aojischo 6uTb» 



SEFTBA. 219 

ch ui6oirb, necTpuft bobphki> npHKpuBajBii hxl Ha nojioBHHy. 
Bi nepeAHefi laciH 6ujlo HaMOiqeHo cieo, a na cini noki- 
B^ajicfl KaKOft TO npOAOJiroBaiuft CBepTOKi, npnKpuTufi pjiAen- 
i^eiTb. Borb STorb to CBepTO]ci> h npnBjieKb oco6eHHoe BHBiiaHie 
BucoKaro qejiOBiKa vh AUHHOirb njian^i. IIoACKasajiia jih eny 

mo UHOVOJAtROJI OnUTHOCTB, HJH HMI pyKOBOAHJIl AByXXHOBHllS 

rojiOAi^, HO eMy no^yjutocb, ito bi btomi CBopTici aojubho 6utb 
^To to ciiicTHoe. Ohi ocMOTp&ica, eqe pa3i» y6i6AHJiCH bi> tohi^ 

^TO HH CTOpOSa, HH rOpOAOBOFO EUfijIBSH uiThy ^TO BCO KpyrOlTb 

CHHTi H uenie Bcero ckaohho naGjuoAaTb sa HflMi, bi> ABa 
npusKa o^yTflJiea okojo HaM'iqeHHaro Bosa, cxBaTHjrb CBepToicb 
H 6BICTPLIIIH maraiia yAajujicfl Kb toti caiiui npoyjiORb, h» 
KOToparo Bumeji'b. 

Ohi Heci> .CBOft CBopTOKb 00^1 mHpoKHtfb njtan^eji'b. £ro 
i>zsi6nnA pyKH noTepuH nyfiCTBHTejiBHocTb, h ohi He Morb pas- 

JlHHHTb, qTO C06CTBeHH0 y HOrO Wh pyKaXX. OhI AyMaiTb TOJIBKO 

o TOMi, HT0611 nocKopiie npocicoJibSHyTb nepevb bcA icpHBue ne- 
peyjiKH, MHHyH 6ojiiBiniii yjiHi^u, h buAth sa ropoA'b, tjs^ ohi 
BceiAa HyBCTBOBajiLi> ce6H CBodoAHUM'b rpasAaHHHOiTb. EMy apH- 
xoAHAocb MA 2fi0T0 ji^kntLTb CojibHioft EpyFb. IlyTb ero BcerAa 
6&ijii ropasAO fifiBHBJbe^ Hiuj> HyTb o6Li£HOBeHHaro ^ejiOB^Ka. 
Sto npoBCxoAHJO orb Toro, ^to ohi snajTb wA yjuu^u, vKb 
CTOJijDLH FopoAOBue, H cTapajiCH m&bvdiTb ETb. GpeAH ropoAOBuxi 
y Hero Olijui 6ojibiiiiH snaKOMCTBa, ho ohi ne ropAHJiCH bthmh 
CBBzaun. Offb npeAHO^HTajU'b ne BCTpd^qaTBca ei sthmh jioAbMH, 
soTopue, xoTH H pasrosapoBajiH cb HHn CjiarociuiOHHO, ho ho 
BHymajiH eMy AOBipia. 

H Ha dTOTb pasii om ne Jiorb o6ofiTHCB 6e9b TaKoS BCTp^qn. 
KaKb pasi> y ^onapH, ao KOToparo en^e ne Aonuna oqepeAb, 
HTo6u ero noracHjiHi ohl bctp^tha ycaTaro nojuu^eftcicaroy 
isoTopufl npH BHA^ ero ycMixnyjiCH h cnpocHji'b: 

— A, Cj^puft, KyAa dTO toCh necetb? 

Ho Cipuft He OTB^THjrb na aiorb Bonpoci, a, 6iiCTpo npo- 
CKOJibSHyBi MEMO HOJiHi^eficKoft BjiacTH, cjEHjiicH Cb yTpeHHefi 

TeMHOTOft. 

Ero HasuBajiH BacBKa Ciipuft. CTpanno 6ujlo AanaTB ctojib 
yMeHbniHTeju»Boe hmh nejiOB^bKy Taicoro no^TOHHaro BospacTa h 
npH T0iii> ente HocHBineiiy TaKOft AJiHHHufi h niHpoBifl njianpi. 
H no^eMy ero TaKi> nasuBajifl? Iljiaa^'b ero 6ujrb aopHnneBaro 
n^B^Ta. Oflnb CHibHo Bui^Bijii, HO Bce-ase ne CA&iajiCH cipuirb. 

BOTb paSBi JIHAO, — OHO A^fiCTBHTOJIbHO 6uJL0 KaKOFO TO SOIUH* 

craro nvbn h, fijiaroAapH ciAHHairb, KasaaocB c^puirb. Ho Bce 
paBHOy ero TaKb nasuBajiH, h ohi HHsorAa npoTHs^ aroro ne 
BospasajTb. Bi> ero peiiecjii hmh ho Hrpajo HSKaKOft pojiH. 
KorAa OHb Buniejii> na OKpanHy ropoAa h o^yTHJiCH vh CTenH, 

CTajLO COBCiMl TOMHO, HO STO TOJIbKO SaCTaBHJLO OFO yCKOpHTb 



220 PyCCKOB BOFikTOTBO. 

marH* Ohi ssajTB, ^to bto 6ujia TeMHoxa nepejti caifsnrb pas- 
CBiTOM'b H qio cefi^acb Ha Boerocfc Ha^HeTi pososiTb He6o^ 
H AajieKlft eme cojiue^iHuft cBin 6yAerb noTHxoHBxy npo6H- 
saTBCfl CKB08B HO'iHyK) TBMy. A owb 6oAine Bcero 6omca ah6b- 
Horo CBiiTa. 

BoTb ropOA'B oeTajECH xajieKO nosaAH; owb CBepHyjrb cb 6oj[b- 
mofl AoporH H nomejTB, icaicB Morjio noEasaTBCfl, coBciMB 6e8^ 
it^jib; ho, xoflAH AO noiypaspymeHHaro RaMeHnaro SAaeiji, KorAa- 
To cjiyasHBinaro Basapiioft kjui BoftcsB, ohb ociaHOBHJtcA h, bs 
nocji'^AHifi pasB orji^A'^^BniHCB bo Bct cxopoHu, Kan 6u sejian 

y6iAHTBCH, ^TO HHKTO HO CJI^AHTB Sa erO ABHSeHUUIH, OHl^ 

BApyPB coBepmeHHO BHesaiiHO KyAa-TO HC^esi. 

3to 6iijia HacTonntaH co5a^Bfl ROHypa. Hi^o tfuio othhx- 
HyxB qxo-TO BpoA'i^ inacejioft ABopH, nTo6hi o^yTHT^Cfl bi> TeiraoirB 
noMin^emH, fa^ cpasy BomeAmaro oxBatBiBajia ijifAn noABaJiB- 

Han CBipOCTB. 

^epaca CBOft CBepiORb hoab MumKOft, ohi nomapHjrs bb Kap- 
M&wb, OTucKajTb CHBiKH H saseFB orapoBi. IIoiriiiteHie 6uji;o 
MajieHBKoe, cb HaBEcniHMB nojiyKpyrjiuMB noTOJiEOHB hsb »ej[- 
Toft rjiHHH, ch seMjiflHUirB noJiOMi. MoaceTB 6iitb, npesA^ bto 
6ujrB norpe^B hjih KJnaAOBica. B*b yrjiy Ha seHji'fa 6ujira padcU'^ 
nana cojioMa, h na neft jieacajLO pHAOHi^e. — 3to hoxoahjio na 
nocTejiB. IIocpeAH EOHnaTu ctohji'b Ta6ypen, phaoitb cb hhitb 
jesajTB 6ojiBinoft RaMOHB, soTopufi xoace Hon> cjiyacHiB mh cm- 
jkimn. MHraBmit cb^^tb orapKa KasB to rpycTHO naAajTB Ha Bcb 
dTH npeAMexu h TycKJio ocB^n^ajrB bxb. EafteTCn, 6oj[Bme hh- 
^ero He 6uJio vb btomb Hor&nteHiH. 

BucoKifi ^ejioB^KB CHAJTB CB TaCypcia CBi^iy h nociaBHjTB 
ee na saiieHB; saT^irB BUHyji'B hsb boa's hojiu cbok) Homy h 
nojEOSHjiB ee Ha TafiypeiB. 

fTyTB HTO TO Tenjioe>, — noAyMajiB ohb, qyBCTBya, qro pym 
ero, npesA^ chjibho 0Bfl6iniH orb Moposa, corp&mcB. TenepB 
OHi pasrjiHA&rB, qxo noma ero 6ujia saBepnyTa bb mepcTHHoft 
a&encKiS njiaTOicB. IIo npHBuqicb oi^inHBaTb BCHKyK) Ben^B, no- 
naBHiyH) vb ero pyRH, ohb TOT^aci se MucjieHHo onpeAiiHjrB, 

CKOJQbRO MOSHO HOJiyUTB Sa 9T0TB HJtaTOEB. Bb TaKOlTB TpyA" 

HOMB penecjiib, EaROBO 6ujio ero, hh oAHa Ben^Hi^a ho AOJisna 
nponaAaTB AapoHB. 

Ohb tojibro ^to co6paj[CH pasBepnyTB cbok) Honiy, bb noa- 
Hoft yB:&peHH0CTH, ^To natAOTB bb nefi roTosut sasTpaRB, RaR^b 
ero HopasHJio CTpanHoe o6cTOflTejiBCTBO. Eicy noRasajiocB, ^to 
CBepTORB RaRB 6u cjierRa saABsrajiCH. Ok% noAHHJTB 6poBH h bb 
nepByio MHHyTy h^&crojibko oii'6neH'&jrB. Ho sarbiiB ohb npv- 
KocHyjiCH EB HJATEy H, oTAopnyBB Kpat ero, BApyn OTCRoqaxB. 

dro 6ujio HeB^poHTHoe OTiq)BiTie. Ohb He hob^phjib cbohitb 
rjiasaiTB, noAomejTB en^e pasB eb Ta6ypeTy9 bbhjib ci xaMHH ora- 



aCEPTBA. 221 

pOKii H^ no^Heca ero ki CBepTKy, cTajrB npHCMaTpiraaTBCH. Ho 
9T0 6ujio TaKb, Tyrb He 6bu[0 hh najid^flnieft oins6KH. MajieHb- 
Eoe, KpyrjDLoe Kpaenoe jihoio pe6eHRa BurjiHAUBajio Hffb uo^h Tpa- 
noKb. Fjiaaa ero 6&UIH saKpura, oh'l cnajrE. 

Gipufl cnepea nosajrb njienaMH, noTom nepeKpecTHJicA, 
KasB 611I sejiafl OTornaTB oti> ce6fl BHA:6Hie, ho Kb Tose BpeicA 
om> coBepmeHHO hcho noHHMajTb, mo dio He BHA^i^Hie, a nepejicb 

HHITB JieSHTB HaCTOHiqifi SHBOft MjiaAeHeiTb. 

RaKb 9T0 Morjio cjtyqHTBCfl? OqesHAHo, na Bosy npiixajia 
6a6a. Pe6eH0Ki» 6uji'b o^enB Majii>, ona ne Morjia ociaBHiB ero 
Bib AopeBHib, OHa KopuHjia ero CBOHm mojiokosh. Bi> ropoA^^ oh'b 
sacHyjirb. Bi nejieHKaxi>y bi> ojs;bHJihn^j bi> mepcTAHOirb njiaTsi 
eMy 6ujio xenjio; 6a6a ho saxoTijra CT&CHHTb ce6a n, ocxasHBi 
ero Ha Bosy jiocunaTb CBot cjiaAKifi yxpenHift cohi>, nomjia no 
ffiJiairb HJiH vb TpasTHp'b. Ona noHaA'^^Jiacb Ha ^AHTejibHOCTB 
CTopoHa, Aa h KOMy npHAeirb B'b rojioBy yKpacTB HJnaAOHi^a?.. 
£oHy OHi» Hysenx? 

A CBepTOBb meBejiHjicH Bce sani^TH'fie, pe6eH0Ki» OTKpEurb 
rjiasa, hotomi* saABHrajiHCb ero iiajieHiiKiji ry6u, cjiosHiiHCB bi 
sajio6HyK) rpHMacy, h BApyrb bi Eonypi, npn CBirb cajiLHaro 
orapsa, pasAajica cjiaduJK A'^TCidft hhckb. G^pufi nocMOTp:fajrb 
H nocjiyma^ Cb MHHyTy, hotoui* no6tsajrb Kb ABepa, hjiotho 
npEKpujii ee Ha saABsacKy, saxiirb BepnyjiCH k^ CBoeft Honi'b h, 
Cb BHA0M1» HOJIHOft paCTepHHHOCTH, onycTUCii Ha KaneHb. 

OhI HHKaBl HO MOrik npHATH Vb Ce6H OTb HeoaRHAaHHOCTH 

H HsyMjieHifl. A pe6eH0R:b QjiaKajn, rojiocb ero cranoBEJioi Bce 
BBOHMe H SBOHqe. MorjiH ycjiumaTb btotb Kpuicb jiioah, npo- 
^^aBmie no tfojibmot Aopori; mofjih 6uTb h nimexoABi, koto- 
pue o6paTHrb na 9to BHEKanie. KaK% 6uTb? 

ToFAa offb 6epesH0 bbhjii B'b pyKH MjiaAeHita, nawjrb xo- 
XHTb no K0MHaT:6 h THXOHbKO pacKauBaib ero hsi ciopoHU B'b 

CTOpOHy. 

— Hy, CHH, cnH, cnn! — roBopHJix ohii, crapaacb Bupase* 
HieiTb CBoero rojioca y6aK)KaTb ero, — ^to ie6i TOJiKy bi> TOicb, 
TTO Ttt 6yAemb KpHqaib? Chh. 

Offb HHKorAa en^e Bb shshh ho A^psajrb Bb pysax'b pe- 
6eHxa, HO snajTb, ^to hx'b yKaHHBaiorb h diHM'b sacTaBjuiorb 
cnaib. H OH'b A^aji'b 9to. Ovb HcnHTUBaji'b CTpannoe on^yn^e- 
Hie, KOFAa pefioHOEb na^aji'b saTHxaib b% ero pyEax'b h noioM-b 
sacHyjTb. B^AK BOTb, Bci ero CHHiaiorb SBipeH'b, ctopohatch orb 
Hero, a MiaAenem saTHxaerb h cnHrb na ero pyKaxb, Kaici na 
pysaxi KaK0fi-HH6yAb 6a6tt. 

Onaib OHb CHA^jTb na saHni Cjihsb Hero, CMOipiarb na ero 
saKpuTue rjiasa, i hucjih ero sa^Hpajmcb bi rjy6b ero co6- 
eiBeHHoft SH8HH, H BCH OHa, dia SHSHb, BCTaBajia nepeA> HHirb 
Fb i^'ijioirb p^A^ co6uTifty Basb asHBafl. 



222 F7CCR0B BOFATCTBO. 

Haqero oxpaAHaro ne 6ujo bi 8Tot shshet. IIoMHHTb owh 
C66fl pe(5eHK0]ii, noMHHTb metb, BOTopaii Bcer^a njiaKajia h zo- 

JSJSJLh Ch CHHHKaMH, OTI^a, KOTOpuft B^^HO ChJH XlhXWh^ ROJIO- 

THjTb H ero, H ee. IIoTOirb, Borxa eMy ctbjio xhT% jteBHTB, era 
OTxanH Kb Maciepy o6yHaTBCfl canosHOvy pevecjty. Hsi dioro 
BpeMeHH oiTb noMHBTb TOJTBKO OAHO, — 1T0 ero sjifbch npoAOJUsajiH 
6btb TaKse, naEi h Aona; ho Kpoici Toro, en^e OKb noMHKn^ 
TOCKy H osHHo^ecTBo, KOTopufl Tor^a npHBflsajiHCB Kb HeMy Ha 
BCK) SH3HB. XIoToiTB Bci ero poAHHe HepeiiepjiH, y nero He 
CTaJio MaTepa, ejiHHCTBeHHaro cyn^ecTBa, KOTopoe ero j(io6hj[o, 
jf,2k E oma any 6u:lo sajiB, zoth ohb sa bch) shshb HHiero ne 
CA^iajTB eMy xo6paro. 

MacrepcTBO eiiy ne y^ajiocB. Eoi:Ka HejioB^Ei nocioaHHO 
HcnkruBaenb TOCKy o^HHo^ecTBa, sorAa y nero nfirB HHsoro 
6j[H8Earo, Korj(a ero hheto ho jih)6htb, j^o ho HOftAeiB eiiy Ha 
micjiB. Hsi MacrepcBot ero CKopo BurnajiH h owb o^yrfluicfl na 
yjiHiffi. BorB TyTB to na^ajracB xa astsHB, BOTopafl HHsorxa yace 
noTOiTb HO iri^HHiiacB Ha Apyryio. Fojioai sacTaBHjm ero Hsotipft- 
laTB cpeACTBa— OTUCKaTB ?T0 HH6yAB AJia npoHHTaHiH* 06opBaH- 
Huft, HCxyxajEufi, ptKiS na bh;^, owb ho moi-b Hatra cefSt pa- 
CoTBi. OvB HonajTB B^ oCn^ecTBO Taraxi se o6opBaHiteB'B, eo- 
Topue paHBme ero pimnjin ssAa^. Ohb npHnjiji(pH AotfBiBaTB^ 

C6&6 ZJlifo MeJIEHH*B BOpOBCTBOSTB, nOna^aJTB Vb TK)pB][y, nOTOVB 

OHHTi npHHHMajicH sa cTapoe jsjbjio h ohatb bi TH)pBify. Grojibbo 
paffb y Hero 6£iJia meicjib o toitb, hto6u bshtbch aa necTnyio 
pa6oTyI Cboabo pasB eMy hsltrb ynaBajiocB nanaTB ee,— ho CEopo 
ysnaBajiH, bto ohb, oinyAa BumejrB, n eny OTEasoBajiH h ohhtb 
BuroHHJUH na yjon^y. 

BtuBit crpaxi sa cboh) shshb, 6oh8hb Bcero h BcbTb, vb^-- 
Han orjifl^qca h npHTOMi Bcer^a oabhb h oahhb... TonapHn^ 
no peMecjy ne mofjih 6fiiTB ero ApysBHiiH. Bcft ohh CMOTpftjtH 
na oahhb h totl se irycoBi», bc^ 6lijih fojioxhu. Maxiftmafl 
yxaia y o^Horo cnoco6Ha fiujia pascopBTB hxi h cs&taTB B{>a* 
raMH... 

H BorB eMy TenepB HHTBjtecHTB ji^tb. Bojuocu ero no^jsjbm 
h noGisisE^ Bce jhi^o ero vb MejiEHzi Mopn^HHaxB, Jiofii hb- 
P'63avB rjtytfoEHMH CEaaxsaMH, n ohb bco xaEH oshhb h oahhb... 
Ero Tpyii][o6a — e^BHCTBeHHoe, qini oh% o6jraAaeTi», ho h ee or^ 

He MOSeXB CqHTBTB CBOHM^ HOCTOHHHLIMB SHjmnteM'B. MhOFO HX^, 
TBEBXl, SaSB OHTB, CEHTaOTCH HO BTHMl HOpaMl, HO HMl HO- 
CTOHHHO npHXOAHTCfl Mi^HHTB M^^CTa, qT06'B HXl HO HamJIH. 

Offb nOAHHJICH H CTOHJTB Ha^B TafiypOTOM^, HOMHOrO HaEJIO- 

HBBniHCB, qTo6u jtyqine bha^tb jihi^o pe6eHEa. GB%qa ropijia 
TycRjio H MHrajia, ohb HOAynajTB, mto MJiaAeni^y HeyAo6Ho Jie- 
»aTB TasHMB o6pa30Mi» H naqajTB ycrpaHsaTB eny rniuiAO ^^ 



SEPTBA. 223 

KaKHXb TO TpnaoiTb, KOTopuH HainjiHCB J Hero wh nocrejiH. 
MitaAeHei^ cnajn. 

HflKorAa sa bck) zHSHb okojio Hero ho 6wlo 6jni8KO shbofo 
cyn^ecTBa; ohi B&kxb 6omcr h Ha Bcirb CMOTp&n», mKh na 
BparoBi, a oho, srro MajieHBEoe asHBoe cyn^ecTBO, lyn, (jmsK 
Hero, H OH'b ero He 6ohtcji. Ho vhw» aro eAHHCTBenHoe cyn^e- 
CTBO, KOToparo ovh He 6oHTefl. BcHsift Mosen ocTaHOBHTb ero 
na yj[Hi](t hjh BopBaTBCH bb ero Hopy h CKaaaTB eicy: tu BopiF 
A dTOTb MOseTb TOJiBKO 6e8noMoii^HO njiaRaib h npocHTB ^HI^H, 

CRopo OHi oHJiTb npocHOTCH H saxo^eTb icTB. Ho y Hero 
lATh HHHero. Bb yrjiy ctortb secTHnan Kpyacsa cb Boxot, pa- 
XOMB, Ha A0Cir6 aesHTB icycoEB nepnaro xjr&6a, ho bI^b bto Bce 
eny ne foahtch. Ohb noxomexB Kb ABeps, oroABHHyjTB saABHSRy 
B npioTBopHJiB ee. Yme CBJiTajno, h lyiB tojibko ohb npHmejBi 

BB Ce6H H BHOJUii OHOMHHJICH. 

^To A^iaTB? Tojibko lenepB Bce coBepmeHHo jicho npexcia-* 
BHJOCB eMy. %o OHB 6yAeTB ffiaaiB cb btbhb HHCKynoMB? BtxB^ 
OHB H ce6fl caMoro npoRopMHTB He mosotb, eiiy caMovy npn- 
xoAHTCfl HHoft pasB TOJOAaiB HO H^BOJiBKy AHOfi, a B^AB ero 
HaAO A^psaTB bb Tenjr6, nysHO AotfuBaTB eiiy HftsnyiD nanty, 
HOTOMy TTO OHB MajB H cjia6B. OiAaTB ero, oTnecTH o6paTHO, — 
HO BasB BTO CA^jiaTB? He MoaceiB ace ohb cpeAH 6ij[a ahh necTH 
ero ^epe3B ropoAB hoa> hojioS. BApyrb ohb noABiMOTB cpoAH 

yjIHIill KpBKB, H TOFAa BCO 0(h»flCHHTCH. 

Ohhtb ohb ctohtb naxB TafiypeTOiiB h rji^AHiB na pe6eHKa. 
Ohb bhahtb, KasB totb saABHrajB rj6aiiH h ckphbhjtb porB, 
AOJiasHo 6uTB ero MynaeiB rojiOAB, h euy chhtch MaTB, EOiopan 
co6HpaeTCH hokopmhtb ero rpyABio. H Gd^pufi aaAynajiCH riyCoKO. 
Ero nojioxeme 6ujlo ipyAHoe. «%o lu aa cyn^ecTBO?— cnpanm- 
sajTb OHB peSensa, KOToput, Koneqno, ho mofb otbj^thtb eMy na 

9T0TB BOnpOCb: TBI— MySH^be AHTH, Te6A BUpOCTHJIH-6u BB KpO- 
CTBAHCKOfi XaTi, BB TeHJll, a HOTOVB TU CTaJIB 6u pa60THHK0tfB 
H BCH) CBOH> SH8HB HpOSHJIB 6u Ha HHB^ Sa COXOft. HbETO H8B 

6jih8rhxb Te6'b juoAefi HHKOFAa ne AyiuurB, mio tu 6yAeinb le- 

SaTB BB BOpOBCKOt HOpt, CB FJiasy Ha rjiaSB CO CTapHKOMB, 
XOTOpUfl BCK) CBOH) SH3HB BOpOBajTB ^yXOO A06pO H dTHMB SHJTB. 

He xojiOAHO j[H Te&h? He tbopao-jih jteasaTB na Biofi Aocid^?^ 

Pe6eH0KB oqjitb BanajiB kphbhtbch h saojaKajiB. Cipufi y«e 
CB ffbKOTopuHB HasuKOMB BSfljTB OFO Ha pyjcH H HaiajB ysa^H- 
BaTb. KaKot OHB Tenjuifll H oTqero y nero caMoro TeoepB, 
KOFAa OHB AopsajiB ero y CBoeft rpyAH, cepAite naqajo tbbb 
cfljiBHO 6htbca?— Hy, chh, chh, aidfi neyroMOHHuil Botb ecjH 
6ii rto HH6yAB BApyrB HeosHAaHHo npHmejiB h yBHA^JiB BacBKy 
Ciparo CB MajieHBKHHB pe6eHKoiiB na pyKaxBl Ohb ho hobI- 
pHJiB 6hi B, nepeKpecTHBiiiHCB, yCtoajiB 6ij, KaKB^OTB a^^bojkb- 
CKaro HaBosACHiH. 



224 PyCGROE BOrATCTBO. 

A pe6eH0E% Bce njia^en, — xojisho 6uTb oej> zo^eirb icTb* 
OH'b BLinHqHBaerb cboh tojicteiji ry6u, £ y Hero TaKoe saj[o6H06 
Bupakeeie vb rjiasax'b. 

CiphA noAomeji'b s^h KpyxRi^ cb boaoS, bshjh EycOHeR% 
xji^6a H pasMo^Hjii ero bi boa*]^, norom* ohi* noeTapajCH daan- 
xaTB 9T0 KymaHie pe6eHKy bi> porb, h Ton Haqajix aob^p^hbo 
cocaTB xjL'bC'b; 9to ero ycnoROHjio, ohi> oqjitb sacHyjii. 

Tenepb bi rojiOBi y Ci^paro aacr&ia OAHa HebiBASHafl mucjib: 
AOcraiB MojioKa, bo ^to 6u to hh CTajio AOCTaxB HOjioBa, xota 
6u H3i> sa BToro npHinjiocB hath bi» TiopBMyl Ohi yjEOSHjiB 
MjiaAeHi](a vb nocxpoeHHoe hitb cauHiTB raisAO, noracHJTB CBiqy 
H Biimejii>, njioTHO sanepesB AsepB na saco^B. 

n seifjifl, B He6o, h B03Ayrf>, h Aopora, see KasajiocB eny to- 
nepB HHBiiTb, He laKHirb, KaicB 6wlo upescAe. Owb Ceijtb ^sboji- 
HOBaHi), OH'B H HpesAe BcerAa 6biJK'B BSBOjiHOBaHi*. Ohb Aposaa'B 
sa saBTpamBift a6hb h sa cbok) msypy. Ho bto 6iijio He to. Te- 
nepB OHB coBcbiTB CBoet niKypi He AynajiB, a Bce eny npoA- 
CTaBJiiijiocB MajDieHBEoe KpacHoe jlh^hro, ry6Bi, npoTAHyTLiH bho- 
peAB, npocflnuii nnn^H, RHCJian HHHa Ha jiHui, A'i^TCRifl- njiaq^B, 

H OH'B lyeCTBOBajTB TOJIBRO OAHO, — 4T0 OFO HaAO HaKOpUHTB. OhI 

caiTB ABa AHH He &i%^ HO otfi dioMi TeaepB cobc^itb ho AyMajii. 
Ha ABop§ 6B1JI0 yace cbj^tjio. Botb h ropoA7>. OH'B 6ucTpo 
npomeji'B bi> SHaKOMyio yjiHAy h npH6jH3Hj[CH kb tfasapy. Sa^cb 
TenepB 6uj[o CHjiBHoe ABBHenie, bosbi en^e ctobjih bb npesHeM'B 
HopjiAKi} Ha HHxi injia 6ofiKafl ToproBjin, ho CiphA ne hoao- 
mejTB KB HHiTB 6jiH3Ro, a cM0Tp:6jrB HSAajiH. HpoxoAH HenoAajieRy 
orb B030BB, OHb cxapajLCH He rjiflA'i^TB na hhxi>, qTo6u ne BCTp:6- 

THTBCH CB K^^lfB HH6yAB BBFJIAAOMB; eiiy BCe KasaJDLOCB, HTO OHH 

npo^HxaiorB bb ero rjiasaxb to, ^ero ohb HHKOHy ne cKasaji'B 

6U. Ho qeMb OHH rOBOpHTl? 

H AO ero cjiyxa aohocatch sKHBue pasroBopu, ohb cjuhihtb 
^encRifl HJia^'B, roBopHTB o Kasot to nponasi, o peCenRt. Jl^a 
HHaqe H 6eitb ho mofjio. Co6£iTie 9to 6iuio na ctojibko nasHO, 
HTO BecB 6a3api» AOJisenb 6lub tojibro o neMB h roBopHTB* 

— H BOMy OHB HysoHb? KTO Ha jfero nojiBCTHjiCfl?— pa3Aa- 

BaJIHCB CO BC&Xl CTOpOHb TOJIOCa. 

Ciput yBHA!ijrB ropoAOBoro, ho TenepB ohi ho 6ojijich. Ro- 
He^Ho, ero hhrto ho saaoAOdpHiB rb noxHnteHiH pe6eHRa. Bc:6 
BHajDiH, HTO OHb Bop'B, HO 3aq:6]fB eMy pe6eH0RB? OH'B uon CTa- 
n^HTB xoMyTB, canoFB^ irimoRb ci npocoMB^ Bce, ^to yroAHO, ho 
xjiaAeHita ckojibro HH6yAB onuTHLift Bop'B ne yKpaAerB. 

RorAa OHii 6bijii» HeAajieRo orB Toro Bosa, cb KOToparo ynecB * 
CBofl CBepTORB, eMy HoyAepsHHO saxoT^jiocB BsrjumyTB TyAa. 

Ohb RHHyjT'B CBOt B80pi> TOJIBRO Ha OAHO HrHOBenie H yBBA^JTB 

6a6y, KOTopaH CHA'i^a na Bosy h rpoHRO HJiaRajia naBspBiAb. 
JIhi^o oh 6ujio KpacHo h bojiocu pacnycTHjiHCB, ona yCHBaaacB. 



SEPTBA. 225 

BoKpyrb Hea co6pajiacB TOJina HapoAa. Ee yxiiaajiH. Efi roBO- 
pHJia: <He njiaqB. Ohi> npHHeceri), oh'b HenpeuinHo npHHecexi. 
KoMy OH'B HyaceHi*, tboS Mjiaj(eHqHKi>?> A oaa He yxtmajiacb a 
tBopAHJia:— QpoKjiiiTaji h, npoKJuiTaHl Y6Nh HeHH Majio! Bi> 
i'pa£THpi> no6isajia, a MjnaAeama ocTasEjial Ci> HicTa aroro ne 
CABHHycb, roAii 6yAy cha^tb, bck) shshbI 

— 3xB, sajiKo HEi ee, — noAynajiB Gtput h TOtqacrb me oto- 
mejiB npoiB. 

Ho CKopo 9Ta omymeaiH ociasHjiH ero> h onaiB na nepeBift 
HJiaai BUCTyasuia Heo6xoABHocTB bo ^to 6u to hh crajio ao- 
€TaTB MOjiOKa. MoseiB 6utb, ohi> laHB yse npocHyjica h Kpn- 
HBTB, MoseTi» 611TB, OHi> HaApuBaexcfl OTb rojiOAa. 

Ha 6a3apt cipamHaa cysiaToxa: o^eHB noAXOAantee xbrn 
ji,jiH Bopa. MoKHO CTan^BTB Bce, HTO yroAflO, — CBHBKy 6y6jiHKOB'B, 
npaHEKb, KycoKB cajia, u bb APyroe Bpeiu ohb He saAynajicfl 
6hi BB Bu6opi H AftBHo yse. HecB 6u vro nafiyAB hoab no- 
jioft, HO TonepB HHqero aioro eHy ho nyacHo. y Hero 6bi- 
jia TOJiBKO OAHa mucjib: HOJiOKa, HOJiOBa bo ^^to 6bi to hh 
CTajio. Ho yapacTB MoaoRa ne 611IJ10 HHKaicofi BOdMOSHocTH, ero 
pacnpoAaaajiH paHHHMi> yxponB, h xenepB okojio bosobb ctohjih 
jnycTue KyBniKHU. 

CayqafiHO ohb Haqynaj^B y ce6ji bb KapMani Kaaofl to yai- 
€BCT£it Rjiioq'B H Aasso He CTapajica bchomhhtb, KaKHifB o6pa- 
soMTB 3T0TB. Kjiioq'b HonaJii icB Heuy. Bi Kjuoqi 6ujio okojio 
$yHTa Keaisa. Mokctb 6iitb, obtb npHnacB ero, qTo6£i oine- 
peiB KaKyio HHfiyAB HysyK) ABepB, ffb Hoqnoe Bpeiia, KorAa cto- 
poa:a ycHyrb. 06b btoitb oht* lenepB h6 Ay^ajiB. Ohb yxaaTHjicH 
da OTOTB lurioq'B, RaKB sa eAHHCTBOHHoe cnacenie, h, KpiiiRo csubb 
evo b:b CBoeiTB KyjiaK&, fiucTpo HanpaBHJca bb SHaKOMUfl rjnyxot 
nepeyjiOKB, Tjijb bb najieHBKOM'B aohhic^ qacTO cfiuBajHB sejqH, 
npiotipi^TeHHUH ero penecjioH'B. Sa^cb eHy Aaafl sa ero KJLJOTb 
Tps KonibfiKu. TorAa ohb noM^ajiCH na pimosB, OTUCKajoiB mo- 
jioiHHAy H cxajn* yuojiHTB ee, 'ito6b AOBfipHjia eiiy nocyAy. Ho 
ero Bth SHajiH, H hhkto ne AanajiB i^iau ero cJiOBaMB. BacBKa 
0:bpu& 6ujLB BceMy ropOAy HSB-JbcxHuft Bopi*. Ero TepnijiH ao 
TixB nopB, noKa ohi> ne nonaAajCH. Ho KaicB se mosho 6u3ko 
AOBtpHTB eHy qxo HH6yAB? 

Ho, AOJi»HO 6uTB, oqeHB ysB sajisoe jihi^o 6ujio y Oiparo 
H, AOJiacHO 6bitb, rjiy6oRoe rope CBi^xHJiocB bb ero rjiasaxB, KorAa 
ohi> yMOJiHj[i» MoaoqHH^y aatb eMy nocyAy.— BipBxe Moeft co- 

BiCTH,— rOBOpHJQi'B OHB H Ha 8X0XB paSB qyBCTBOBaJTB, HTO y Horo 
JlMCXBHXejlBHO eCXB COBiCTB, BB BOTOpyK) KOSHO B^pHTb, — 

BipBxe Hoefi coBtcxH, qxo ceroAHH kb neqepy npHnecy... 

HaAB UHHB cacajHjiHCB a a^Jui eay KyamaaB, wh KoxopoMi 
6hijL0 oqeHB neMHoro MOJiOKa. TorAa ohi co bc£xb norb nycxajica 
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Band. S. 246). 

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HH norepflTCfl, HH SaXHpiTB. JiHTTpd BO ^paHI^H, As. Ct.MhUB B'B 

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^AHBCTBa.' 

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nocxtACTBie, qro jificrNmnmsL ESB^cTEofi cTaAiE spixooTE Eayxx ne- 
peoraDTB nysAA^^E se toxbro b% saEMOTBOBaEiE cbohxi pyROBo- 
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xomii-Ok TO Efl 6hxo efl pyROBOAHiexBCTBi^. 3a^b, Ea nepBoiTB nxasi, 
KOSEO nocTasBTB ocEOBasEyx) Or. Koetoui* Eayxy o&b ofin^eciBft — 
<;oipoxoriK), paspaCoTEOK) ROTopoi keofo saEEiiaxECB bo ' BTopoft no- 
xoBHEi Eamero Blxa bo bcoitb o6pa80BaEEOE'B Hipi. Yxasy xotb 
Ea ABa rpoMREXi emoee; eee CnoEcepa, ROTopoe y Haci a^bho 

nOXBSyeTCfl ESBiCTEOCTBD, E EKE JleCTOp'B YopAa, EBBiCTEOCTB RO- 

Toparo craxa ssaqHTexBEo BOspocraTB bi nocxiAHoe npeiifl. Oaeo 
ESI ero ooqEEesifi «IIcEXEqeoEifi ^aRTopi i(flBHXfl3aipE>| Ea ahex^ 
noEBExocB cpasy bi AByxi nepeBOAa^x. Me'J^ eo pasi npEXOABxooB 
jse oCpaqaTB BEEiiaHie HEraTexE na aroro saiiiqaTexBHaro muoxe- 



232 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

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no npaBy c^HraiB npeAcraBnrejieM'B KyjiBMHHai^ioHHBix'b nyHExoBi. 
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n He noj[B3yeTCfl b'b Espont toh) cTeneHBH) hsb^othocth, KOTopyD sa* 
cjJtyaHBaei'B, to bto apoHCxo;^HT'B rjraBHHirB o6pa30MTi OTTOro, hto 
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jsoco^^OBx, SHaqnreuHO n pacmHpHjiacB b^ nocJU'^^Hee Bpena, Bce se oHa 
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H 6ojLie HJHH Meflie BABEraei'B ce6a b'b panBH naprnRyjiflpflSHa. B's 
Tkvb se cjiytiaflX'B, Eor^a aaxBaT'b aBTopa flBJiflercfl AocTaxo^HO o6- 

OIBpHUHX, EpynHUH JH^IHOCTQ HeH36'ISHO OKa3HBaiOTCfl npHBJTe^eH- 

HUHH Bi c^epy H3CJii^A0BaHifi H 3AtCB, AaJOEO He crpamacB cpaBHe- 
sift, EOTopfiiMi Hxi HOABepraiorB, rop;i;eiEBO B03BMmaH)TCfl na^'B Hao- 

COl) T*XX, EOTOpHa HMiBTB MiCTHOe SHa^eHie. BorB BTO HMeHHO E 

ciyqHJOOB c% JI. Yojpjiflwb B'B HBCuiAOBaHiH refinpHxa BeHTHra 
(Hcinrich Waentig) Auguste Comte und seine Bedeutnng ftir die Ent- 
wicklung der Socialwissenschaft. 1894. 

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ncHxoJKoriE, a, hoa'b BJiiflHieirB E3B']^CTHaro cnoBopora Kh KaBTy», e 
xeopia no3HaBia. 3tot1. noBoporB, 3aMtTHTB Ha^o npn btom^ cjy^ai, 

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E Tyaoro npE^UBa ei veTa$E3Bst, EOTopuft B3AyHaj[E npEnQciJBaTB 
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EX Kanryi ebei Bani^^aeTB F^^AHHrx fb csoeft ^Hcr. hob. ^ejo- 
co$iE», npHBea-B MHorEXi ex no3HTBBH3My (Gesch. d. neuern Philos 

96. n. S. 616). T. e., O^OBEJ^IV, ex n03ETEBE3My BX niEpOEOMX 

CMHci'b. n Bx caMOEx A^^i BusBaHHoe cnoBopoTOMx EX KaHty* 
H3yqeBie ero nrpajo, BecoMH^HHo, 6oshmjv) pojiB bx B£ipa6oTE'6 co- 
BepmeHHO HesaBBCEMOH otx EaBia cKpETE^ecEoft $EJioco(|^ifl> Rapjta 
r^pHHra^ TflroT&ion^aro He tojtbro ex no3HTBBE3My bx nmpoEOHX 
cMucjui, HO oxqacTH ;^ase e ex sosTEBMy, e bx ^ejioco^Ie AJiOEBa 
Pbjub, orpeHflmarocfl o6ocBOBaTB hobhtebeshx sasoBO Ha EpHxaqecEoft 
no^B't, a xaEae h oxpHn;aTejiBHo oxBocan^aroca ex KoHxy 9. Jlaaca — 
aaxopa EBBicxnaro co^EHOBia <ldealismas und Positivismus^. 

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TOMx BCD oCitacxB flaywaro noBBaaia a cboehx BepxoBOAavEMx e 
BceoxaaTBiBaK^n^rHX daa^eBieiix ;iacxx EOBi^y aamero Bisa hcxeheo — 



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c^ExaxBCfl Bupaseflieiii npoRJunrifl, EajtoseEsaro Ea naAmee ?eio- 



234 PyCGKOE BOrATCTBO. 

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«HJ[OGO«CSO£ RACZ^JS^ XIX-FO BVRk. 23^ 

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KOTopuft noBTOMy E Ao CExi nopi» ocTaeTca aj^ aaorEXi ^iMi-TO vb 
poAi 3araAKE c^Essoa KOEHia Eamero Biaa. 

nepBoe H3i saBBaaaux'B co^aaeaifi Biinuio eiae ai 88 roAy. 



236 PyCCKOK BOrATCTBO. 

«Ha Cojomoi ycnixi neusfl 6ujl^, KOHe^HO, pa3ciHT£iBaTB>, nnmoTB^ 
B'L HeEpoAorb ABesapiyca ero yqesHKi* h npeoMHHKi ^pu^pHZ'^ 
KapoTaHBeFB. «Bo3HoseH'L 6uJn> oAHaRO ycnixi He6ojiBniofi hjih, no 
RpafiHejar Mipi, OTpHi^TeJiBHUH, RpHTiTRa^ BospaseHie, HanaARn. Cjy 
HHjrooB oAHaROse vkiro coBepmeHHo HeoxE;^aHHoe, HenpeABHA'bHHoe, 

COBpeMOHEBRH EC 06paTEJ[E EERaROIX) BSSMaHlfl Sa 8T0 COlEHOSie H 

Vh seMflorHX'L cjiy^aaxi rpethrh, oiM'^qaa noEBieEie RHErE, orpasE- 
^HBajiflCB nepeAa^ei) ea coj^epxaEia e sar&irB onaTB Eacxynajo 663- 
MOJiBie. H 8T0 6iiJ[o coBepmeEso eoeetso. Ilepe^^Ti dTHifB co^eeo- 
Eiem, ero flsuRoiTL, ero ^opiryjiaHH, bc^^mh ero npieiiaME, ocrasas^ 
jiEfiaaicfl 6e3iiOMoniso BCERift, kl Eeny npflcrynaBinit, e, Ee aRej^afl 06- 
sapysHTB cBoe 6e3CEjne, caMO 006010 pasyniercfl npe;](noqflTaji'B 

OTO&TE B'L CTOpOHy E HOJI^aTBi. 

^pyro8 yqeEEEi ABeEapiyca, P, Bejue, no exoMy xe noBO^y ro- 
BopETB: tnocjit Toro, RaRi PExapj^^» ABenapiyo^ BHacEBai xoTOy 
3ptHia TOCTaro onHxa vh flByxi cboexx coraHeBiax'L— <Kpethr4 ^b- 
m*aro onHTa» e c^eJiOBi^ecROirb noEaiiE Mipa» — ^Eioco^cRie Rpyra 

EM^JIE ;];00TaT0?SBlft nOBOJl^l E AOBOJIBEO BpeneSE JSfiA OSEaROHJieEiH 

Cb 8MnEpioRpETEii;E8HOM'B. Ha caHOM^b A^'6, 03EaR0HJieflie 8to 6elio 
ji^iJLowb BocBHa ECRjnD^ETejrbEErirb. He toibro xaRie jioae, ROTopue 
nepesEJifl saEJiioqETejiBsyK) cTa^^in cBoero MipoBoasp'i^Eia, eo n deue 
H K)B']^flmia CEJIH, E Me»Ay heme onaiB xaRE vk, ROTopua rjiyfioRo 
BXo;^BJ[E BT> SEaqenie onsiTa em, no RpaftseS ui^pt, A'^ajs OHy 
BasEBia ycrynRE, — ^AORasuBaioTB b'b cboexi coqaseEiaxi e saaBie- 

HiaXTi, qXO OEE qaCTBD npOCrO CMtmEBanrB «8MnEpiORpBTEII,E3H'B> 

CB dHQEpESHoicB, qaoTBH) SO Bnoisii y;i;0BjiieTBopa]OTca oaeeh'b toibro 
OEHTOITB* (B. Willy. Vierteljahrsschrift f. wissensehaftl. Philoscphie. 
96. L). 

KapiEEa OTEomefiifi, wh ROTOpuxi cTairB yqeEufi Mip'B Ri 8MnE' 
piORpflTsi^ESMy^ OHOHB xapaRTopEO AonojTHaeToa AByua, xpeMa mxpH- 
xaHE xpexBaro es'B saEEMaDniExi xenepB RaeoApH yqeESROBi ABeEa- 
piyca — MaRCEMEjiiaBa Kieftfla, Roxopuft bb cxaxBaxx cboexi $e- 
ioco({)iE qEcxaro onHxa xose ocxaaaBJiEBajca sa xpyj^nocxaxi ycBoe- 
sia dxoft 0Ejg[oco$iE. H'i^ROXopBie caei^iajtECXEi, no c;KOfiairb Kjieflaa* 
Baxoflaxi 8xa xpyABocxB cqyj^oBBmiEHMB*, j^pyrie — EeAocxynEUEE 
ycBoefliK) A^ui xaRot nopu sbbee, Rorji^a yarB nos^Ho BSMisaxb ycxa- 
HOBBBniiaca yMcxBOEBHa npBBHqRB. (Naturwissenschaftl. Wochen- 
schrift. 95, 36 38). 

Bci 8XE ycjoBia oSpasoBaiE RaRi 6u axMot^epy MOJtqaEia bo- 
KpyrB EOBOB 4>BJioco4>iB AS^<^ H BB repEasiB, a bb^ ea se 6yulo 
c^tiaso AO CBXB nop'B Aaace m nonuxRE o6ni;aro ea B3JioaResia. Koe- 
RBRia oxpuBoqaua cBtj^i^Eia eobejecb sa aErjiiBCROH'b asBiRt yase 
iiQtiA cMepxfl ABesapiyca bb AiiepHRaBCRoirB ncBxojiorEqecROHx 060- 
sptsiB 8a no;^nBCBK) 1. Ko;tBC'B— aBxopa noaBEBfflar«:ca eme BTb 93 roAy 
coqEBesia cZsr Analyse des Appercepions — ^Begriffes*. F-aa Ko- 



*MOCO*CKOE HACJ-BAIE XlX-rO B^KA, 237 

j^icii — ecm He oniHdaneB, pyccRas yposeHKa — npHHa^iesHTb lose k'l 
spyry Toro He6ojiBnioro qncjia jthi^, soTopBia cocrasifliorL ji^po mo- 
jiojifii dMnHpioEpHTHqecRoS mROjra. 3a npeAi^aHH »8T0lt hikojiei, h ao 
<^HXi nopx, no npesHeiiy iiapHTL MOJEqame. 

RocHocTB, o6EapysEBaeMafl sthhx ^aKTOMi, T&irb. 6oji±e nopasn- 
TOXLHa, ^To TpyAHocTH, 6yAT0 6ii upeACTaBJBffleifUfl ^hjoco^Iod dMUH- 
pioEpET^i^ESMa, qpesBnqaKHo opeyBenieHu. SaropassBaECB axEJiE 
I'pyAHOCTEME, TaKi jiorKO otoIte wb CTopofly E, npE noiEoiTB coxpa- 
HefliE BciTb npEjraqiS, ocTaBaTbCE cnoROfifHO npn apeAasis e pyrHHi. ' 
Hto me Kacaercs TepvEHOjoriE, to nepe^aqa efl eobhme BupasesiflME 
Toro luoL Apyroro ESUKa A'^icTBEiejiBBO npeAciaBXEiorB CojcbnnE Tpy^- 
lOGTE. cRpHTflKa ^ECTaro onHTa>, nflmerB uui oaeh'b esi yqeEEsoB-B 
ABesapiyca, <nflcajiacB aBTopoMi bi» Teqesie 12 jl^tb. KasAHfl xep- 
MflsX) sasAoe BBipasesie o6AyHaEH e BSBimoEH camnrB Aofipoco- 

BiCTEUM'B 06pa30Ml. EaS^Oe CIOBO FB 8T0fi EEErt rOBOpETB pOBHO 
eTOABKO, CSOIBKO SySSO, E HE B'B KaKOlTB CJCy^ai Se MOSerB 6UTB 

saiiiEeHO ApyrEETB 663% EsarbsesiE CMucia cooTBiTCTByDmaro iiicTa». 
SaHiqanie bto, no cyn^ecTBy coBepmeHHO Bipsoe, mosoti bbcte o^Haso 
K'B npocTofi TpaHCKpEEiijUi eHEEpioKpETEqecKott TopMEEOJioriE, — npioMy, 
EHtDE^eKy cBOE BassBifl seyA06cTBa. CpoAHifi nyTB, no Moeiiy y&bs- 
AOEiK), npoACTaBJifleTCfl TyrB caMU]ii» i^iecoofipaBEiiitf'B, e xote Tep- 

XHHOIOriA BBIXOAETB HiCEOJIBRO neCTpOD, EO Ha DOpSBlfl paSl* OCTB XOTB 

^To-BE6yAB; yjyqnieHia MoryrB npESTE e noaae. 

He wb OAHoft TOJiBRo TepMflsoioriE, soEe^HO, daEiDqanrefl Bci 

TpyASOCTE E3.lOSeHifl 8MflEpiORpETEqeCROt ^EIOCO^Ie Ha HOBOITB jpfl 

HOE fl3UBi. 8to pasyidtoTCfl caMO coSok) e yiy^memfl sa^cb ocyn^e- 
CTBETCfl, soHe^HO, BM^CTb, CI EOflBieHieMi HopeBOAOBi coqsEeHiS ca- 
Moro ABesapiyca e ero nocjri^AOBaiejiefl *). 3aTiin>, ocraercE e en^e 
oAsa o6n^aH ipyAHOCTB osaxofi nepeAa^E TaRoro xypca, soTopuk b^ 
cBoeifB noAiEEHOMi BEA^ npoAOTaBJiflerB ciporo - cbeshoo e BiiAop- 
jKaEHO-nocjiiAOBaTejiBHoe Esjsoseflie. npEHEMaacB sa oaHasoiueHie 
pyccEaro qETaieju cb ^Ejcoco^iefl ABOHapiyca, a b He 6epycB no- 
^TOHy npeAorasETB nouBiS o6nufi ea o63opi, naA^OB na Ecnoji- 
HOHie STOft saAaqfl BnociiAOTBie oaehmi esi ero yqeHEROBi; Bce hto 
is Mory TenepB cA&itaTB, saRinqaercfl jieeib B'B nonuTKi yflCEOHU lixi 
nyflRTOBi 8MnflpioRpETfln;E3]fa, Roropue MoriE6H eiysETB BBeAemeMib 



*) TjuMBua oovHResU ABemipiyea 6hUM yRMaebe BHme; h8% conxReHiA 
•«ro uocji^AOBaTeieft mhI^ HSBi^THu: F. Carstanjen, Richard Avtoanns' Grnnd- 
legang der neuen allgemeinen Erkenntnisstheorie 1894; ero ase: Ulrich von 
Ensingen. £in Beitrag zur Geschichte der Gothik. 1893; ero ae: Zur neu- 
begrandang der Aesthetik. Yortrag gehalten auf dem kansthiBtorischen Koa< 
greBB za K5In am 1 October 1894; ero se: Zur neaen Aesthetik. («Ruiist- 
'wart* 1895, Nr. 9 and 10); ero se; EntwicklungBfaktoren der niederl&ndiachen 
FrtlhrenaiBsance. (Yierteljarschrift far wiSBenschaftl. Philo$ophie. 1896). 
B, Willy. CTaTBH B'B BTOifb se sypHajii. MaximiUan Klein, CTaTBH Bit 
^NatarwiBsenBchaftliche Wochenschrift. J. Kodis^ cov., i^iTsp. Buxne. IIoApoG- 
ffbe CM. <Vierteljahr8Bchrift> 96, IV. 



238 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

Ri ero HsyqeHiD, e KOTopue bh^ct^ crb vbwh MorjH 6u B036yAHTB. 
BHTepecB Ki HOMy, uons 611 npHKie^B ki ABOHapiycy jm, wh 
o6bxo^ KOTopux'B osasyTCfl He BiirpaBJieHHiiMz rk ajieMeHTu, na- 
JTEHHOOTB EOTopuxi uoseTb 6nTB opEHflTa, KaKi npeABapHTei[BHO& 
yciOBie bosmoshocth ycBoeniE axoft hoboK aoktphhh. 

npHOMOTpvMoa me js.'b seft Tenepb noSnse h nocTapaeHCE buac-^ 
HKTB npes^e' Bcero zapaRTepi* e SHaqenie ea HcxoAHaro nysKTa. 

H ynoKflHyjE'B yse Bume pojis ajieMeHTOB'B, npEBHeceHSBix'K 
aBTopaMH tfera^ESH^ecKHX'L cEci^irb bi npojsjRTS. EVb TBop^ecTBa. 
KaKoe-HHfiyAB sepHuniKO oauTa^ noaaBinee vb bte cHoreHH, yronaio 
B'b ^bioiTB Mipt HaHOOHaro npHiianLieHiay H6B86taso SBidRaro, mar- 
Raro, OKopoTe^uaro. IIpooirftAHTb npoi^ecci aioro npHBHeceHifl ao ero 
Ha^ajia e SHaHEio BCKpzits totb seocjiosHeHHuft HEKaKHHi npEMum- 
jceHieiTB, npocToft uoMesTB, hcxoae flsi soToparo^ npeACTOfljio Epo- 
BecTB tqfloTuft oniirB>, no Bctifb EanpaBJiieHiflM'B h no Bciirb cra- 
AiflM'B pasBETis ssaHiE. Mera^HSERE, RaRi noRasajii Asesapiycib^ 
ciHmRoifb cnimaTB noREEyrb totb ecrecTBeEEtift EoxoAHBifi nysRTB, 
ES'b ROToparo e oee Eem&bxEO OTnpaBJuooTCE, e sflRor^a ho eh* 
Taratcfl paonrapHTb e yrj[y6HTb to Bosspisie, ROTopoe HO^serB b^ab- 
E oRasaTBOfl Aia. xaRoro pacniEpesiE e yrjiy6j[6Eifl npErojpHMib 6&a^ 
npe^^apHTejiBHaro ero ESBpan^esiE e npoESBOibsaro ocjiosEeEia. Rwba 
BT» BEAy dTO RanETaiBHoe coo6paseHie, ABesapiyoi e ecxo^etl eb^ 
npoGToro «onEcaHifl> Ben^efi e npoi^ecooBi. SL Bon» <KpBTERa HECiaro 
oiiiiiTa» E fiepercE onEcaiB bocb npeAcraBifleHHft nejioBt^ecKEUH bh- 
CRasbfBaHiflUE MaTepiaji Bsi saBECEHocTE on KasExi 611 to eh 
6ujio Teopift, npocTO cb to^re spiEifl, laR-b HasuBaetfaro, «HaEBEara 
peajiE8Ma>. TaROsa efl sa^a^a. 

^jui ciyxa, sacopeEEaro BceBOSHOSEoi) MeTa^ESE^eoROX) nom- 
xocTBX), 8T0D cmetaphysische Strawwelpeterei» Hanisxi» i^Eet, RaRi- 
TO GTpaHHo SBy^HTB TaRoe BMpaseRie, RaRx <npocToe onncaEiei, a 
ues^^y Tim era, noBEAEuoMy, se HyApeEaa nrryRa to;kbro h Morjia 

EBHTBCE RaRl C00TH0CflT6Jn»EUfl MOKeETB ESBiCTHOft BUCOTH paSBETiS 

HayRE. Ee serto se npeABEAtirb, eo Ror^a oeo ebejiocb, ee saiii- 

TEJIE E 0I]^HE;KE, E iXh BTOFO BpeMOEE H Ea^EEaeTOfl ABExeEie, vs> 

nocjui^j^seiTB ETori npEBOflflnKee ee ri Tony ssaqeHii), ROiopoe osa 
HHierb y ABeflapiyoa. Em^e vh 1874 ro^y BHpasaxooB seuaioe y^vB- 
jieHie, Ror^a REpxro$i» wb cbohxi* jieRiQEX'B no anaiETHqeoRofl Mexa- 
HRRt yRasuBaAi sa saj^a^ STOft sayRE, saRJinqaiDn^yiocE, oorjiacEo' 
ero BZTASijsj,' vh toki, qTo6H npej^ocTaBBTb tnojiHoe b npocTbftme© 
onEcasie coBepmann^flXCE B-bEpHpojit^BEseHift); hoRepxto^'b 6ujrs 
se nepBHiTb Ea aroMi nyTB: yxe K). P. Mafiep-b, bi 1851 ro^y, b-b 
cBOEXii cIIpEMiqaEiExi R'b ESGJitAOBaHuo MexaflH^eoRaro BRBEBaieETa 
TenjTOTH*, yTBep^R/^aj'b, hto «BaaH4ftniee, ^06^ Ee cRaaaTb e;^EH- 
cTseHEoe, npasEJuo ji^jla HCTHEHoft HayRE npnpoj^ ecxb cji^Ayioncee: 
noMEHTb TOMi), ^0 sa^a^a Eama saRJisD^aeTca bi snaniu EBjeHiE, 
B qio ssaEie bto e aojisso noaroiiy npeAmecTBOBatb pasticREBaHixv 



*MOCO«CKOB HACMfllE XlX-rO B^KA. 239 

ofiiflCHemft HJiH noncRaiTB buoihhx'b npe^nffB. Ecm mu BcecTopoHEo 
BEBBWh i^^JSTh^ TO owb Tkwb caiuiiix jse H o6i>flCHeHi» H 3a;iaqa 
HayKH pimeHa». B% dtowb ace cMucii BucKasuBaexofl h npo^ec. 
3pHCTT> Maxx Bi cBoefl HcropiH MexaHHSH. Maxi a yse roBopmi'B 
noApo6H4e npea^^e, bi flpyroiTB wkcrb. 

TaBHMX o6pa30irB, HcxoAnaa Toqsa BceS HOBoft Teopm,H noij^Hjra 

B03M0SH0CTB CeTTB CB6I(eHH0ft Kl HHSeOJI'^AyDmefi npej^QOCUJIEi: BOJI- 

sift qeJioB-i^qecRifi bh;^bh;('b nepBOHa^aiBHO npEHHHaerb ce6fl npoxH- 
BonocraBieHHUMi, BO-aepBHX'L^ cpedtb uau oSemanoeKrh, cjraraioii^efiofl 
H3i MHoropasjrHHBuxi coctaBHUx'b qacreft, h, bo-btophx%, jifjvtiwb 
HeAoefbuecKUM^ uHdueudoMh Ch uxh MHOtopaSAUHumMu eucKa$tAsaHviMU 
H saTtHi yxe j^onycKaerB, hto BUcsasBiBaBifl 8th Haxo^flTCfl no ot- 

HOmeHiK) Kl 06GTaH0BKt Bh TaKOft HJIH HHOfi SaSHCHMOCTH. 

cIlpnHHMaeaiaA Hcxo;i;Ha;i Tonsa npeacAO Bcero cBo6oAHa on bga- 
Koft anpiopHOii npeAQOcujiKH. Efi npncyii^a ne tojtbeo HHAHBHAyajiB- 
Hlui, ho h Bceo6ii](afl cocToaTeuHOCTB — nocsojEBsy hh ncHxoau, hh 
^Hioco^cRifl cHcremi ho bhochtb uaHiHeHifl bi» ecTecTBeHHoe hoha- 
Tie Mipa BCHKaro HHAHBHAa IIpHHflTafl Hcxo;tHafl TO^sa xapasTepH- 
3yeTL Mipi, oCcraHOBsy, RaRi hLhto ccyniee>, €H3Bi^cTfloe> h €;^o- 
cTaTo^Ho HaAesHoe> ajui BCHRaro, cnoco6Haro Ha to hjto nnoe BBicRa^- 
suBaHie HHAHBHAa. H Aaiie, OHa npocTo-na-npocTO EOHcraTHpyerB 
TOTB ^aRTB, ^0 qBiOBtqecRlH BUCRaauBaniH HenpentsHO naxoAflTCH 

Bl EaR0ft-J[H6o 3aBHCHH0CTH HO OTHOmeHiH) E'L COCTaBHUITB HaCTHlTB 
06CTaH0BRH^ H HMeHHO nOCTOlLRy, nOCROJILRy nOCJEiAHifl CBOHHl ?acT- 
nUWb nOCTOHHCTBOMX HJIH HaCTHOH) HSMiHqHBOCTLlD, CBOHHl BpeMOH- 

HUMi BoaHHRHOBenieHx hjih HcqedHOBenieifB h t. a- hhIdtb snaqeHie 
npe;[noc£iJiRH hiih yoiOBia A&HHaro BucRasnBaHiH*. 

cOmpaBJiflflCB OTL arofl hcxoahoA to^rh, soBan Teopin nuTaoTCH 
cBecTH BCH) qeioBiqecEyi) AiaiejirBHocTB— RaRi TeoperH^ecRyBo, Tan-B 
H npaRTHqecRyx) — Kb ofin^RirB qeiOBiqecRHirB ^yHRi^iflirB, h TaRHMi* 
o6pa30Mi npe^CTaBHTB ee RaRB oitACTBie o^Hofl npocrofl h 6iH»afl- 
meft npeAnocujiRH». 

BuflCHEBi* BcxoAHuft nyHRTB Toro «]ipocToro OHHCamfly, Rl OT- 
^OTy ROTopoifB HaMi E cjiiAyoTB TenepB nepeSTH, h, pyROBOi^cTBy- 
flCB naBHUMi oCpasoirB ynoMflHyTBrifB Bume coqHHBHieM'B KapcraHBena, 
npeACTaBJDEJiioQieH'B pyROD MacTopa cA^aHHoe BBeAOHie bb cRpHTHRy 
HHCTaro oiiBiTa>, nocrapaiocB npoACTaBHTB qHTaTeJii) ochobhuh no;Ko- 
acenifl «Kphthrh» bb, HacROJiBRo to ORaxercfl bosmoshhitb, npocTOMB 
nepecRast. 

BTaRB, Mu npeACTaBjifleMB ce6sL ycTaHOBHBmHMCH na hcxoahomb 
nyflRTb 9MnepioRpHTHi;H3Ma. TyrB, npesA© Bcero, nepe^i naMH ot- 

RpUBaeTCfl B3aEMHaH SaBHCHMOGTB TpOXB BJieMeHTOB'B: 1) 06CTaH0BRH, 
2) HHAHBHAa H 3) BEICRaSUeaHift HHAHBHAa. 

Bo H36toaHie HeAopadyH-i^HiB, HorymnxB nponsoSTH otb yRasan- 
BBiXB Bume sapanie fotobuxb acoi^ai^ift, ABeHapiycB a^ ofiosHaqe- 

HiH HHAHBOAa nOABSyOTCfl CBOSOAHHITB OTB BCflRHXB npeABSHTOCTel 



240 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

BiipasoHieifi — ^cuctneMa C>. noAi» dTEWb BupasemeitB pasyirbeTCfl 
*ueHmpaAhH(ui» sepBHaa cHcreMa, Koropafl npH dTomi miciHTca Kasi 
Ta qacTL Bcefi chctomu i^eHTpajiBHUx'L opranoBX, vb KOTopoft cxo- 
fij&TCR HAyn^fl orb nepa^epiH HSMtneHiji, n hsi soropott HOXoAflTB Bcb 
BSMiHeHia KT> nepH^epiH BanpaBifliomiflCfl. Binacaflmee pascuoTp'b- 
Hie efl anaTOUHHecKaro h ^HsioiorflqecKaro HasBaqeniB HaMd^peHHo 

OCTaBJTfleTCfl <KpnTHKOI0> OTSpKTIiIll'B, TdkKb SaKl» HaSHaqOHie 8T0 HO- 

;^ocTaToqBO em,e ycTanoBjeHO to^huhh HayEaHH>. 

CBCTOMi C npoTHBonocTaBJrflexcfl cpe^a bjlr o6cmaHoeKa, o6o3Ha- . 
qaeiiafl cBMBOJiHqecRHMi dsaROiTB B. 06GTaHOBKa R npefiBiiaeTCfl bi 

OaMOH'B niHpOROM'B CHUCji; TyTB HBAO pasyir&TB BCHKyiO COGTaBByK) 

qacTB oScraHOBEH, nocsojiBRy qacTB dra no^AaeTCfl onHcaHiK); Bce to, 
^0 wb ^HsiojLoriH yRasuBaeTL na o6mee hie cnes^n^^HqecRoe Bne- 
qaTjrbHie, — cooTHOOHrejiBHo: Bce to, ^to cjiaraerca hbi dTHXi* Boe- 
qaTJiiHift. 

BcjL^js.'b sa CHCTeMoft C e ea R HeE36'bacso e^^tb BucRasuBaHie 
C o6i R, H Tose npEHEHaeMoe bi caMOHi mEpoKOMi cMucit. Co- 
^(epaKaHie BucRastiBaHia oxBaTNBaeri act «peaRi^iH> ^HSiojiorHqecEHX^ 
BneqaTJiiHifl, nocROJiBRy cb heme — to^ho laRii xb RaRX h co BoaRnn^ 
secTOMTi — cBEBUBaercfl RaRoe-jiE6o BOcnpiaTia bjie 'iyBCTBOBasie. Bu- 
cRadUBaaie, TaREMi o6pa30M'L noHEiiaeMoe, oCoBHaqaeiCH bi> RpHTHRii 

BHaROMl E. 

«3HaqeHie E RaRoro-HE6y;i;B EHAEBEAa ecTecxBeHHO npHEEuaeTCE 
wb Tofi Mtpi, BTi RaRofi BHaqefiie bto BUCRaauBaeTCE ehaebeaomI)^ 
TBRx RaRi Be cjiiiyeTL TepflXB e8i> BE^y^ qxo He Bce, MucjiEMoe BaRi 
GOAepsanie BuoRasuBaHifl, aojisho 6iitb e A'^ECxBHTejiBHo BucRasaBD. 

nOJIOaCHHl, HaopflM'bp'B, qTO RO MHt 6y;^eTB npQ6j[ESeHl RaROft-HH* 
6y^ ECTO^HHRT* TeMOTH, — raBOBOC HJiaEa, TTO-JIH? — to BTi 9T0MI 

cjiyqai fl BOCEpflHEHaH) «Tenj[0Ty>. il Mory BHCRasaTBCE o6i> dTOiTB 
BOcnpiflTiE, MOFy e bo BUCRasaTBca. Bt> nepBOH'L cjiyqat. — ecj[H6Kf e 
H H6 nomejc'L jifiofbe BOCRj[En;asiE ejke Aase tojibro fiucTparo ori^ep- 
rEBaBiE pyRE, — Bce se, to, qxo jinn MesE EMterB ssaqesie E, ebetce 
jiflo. Apyroro EEAEBEAa vb Ra^ecTBt cjryxoBoro ejie spETOJiBHaro Bne- 
HaTJuiBifl, RaRi Hi^^TO, EMiDEiee BflaqeHie R, orb ROToparo, bi* cbok) 
oqepoAB, uoseTB saBEciTB H^ROTopoe E Toro se EHAEBSAa b^ ^opM'b 
TaRoro, sanpEHtpiiy yrBepacAeHiE: «ohi> o6sercfl!» *) eie RaRoro- 
HB6yAB HHoro. 

«BBeAesie 8texi» cEMBOJioB'b A&exB BOSMoaRsocTb «KpHTERt» 4>op- 
HyjEpoBaTB 1-e nojiosoEie BMnapioRpETEqecRot npeAEOCBiJiRE, a EHeHHo: 
6^ urbKomopuxh CA/yHasxb^ KO%da ycmauoej^eHO B u npuzodumM do* 
nycmumt E. doAdcua Cbttnt donymcHa u naKcui 6tA mo hu 6huo aa- 
eucuMOCtnt E otm By. 

7Ra8aHHaa wb btomi nojoseaiB saBECEMOCTB yTBepa^esia (E) orb 



*) BcaBU yTBepsAema EHAUBSAa bi BBioaemH yqesiA iRphthsh «h- 
eraro OH£iTft> Bcer^a CTaBATca bi Rouuvcax'b. 



«HJIOCO«GROB HAGJl'^A^ XlX-rO B^RA. 241 

cocTaBHSKXi ^aciefi oCoraHOBKH (R) h6 eciB saBECHMOciB HonoopoA' 
CTBOHHafl^ Tasi KaKi pasJiE^Hue hhahbhah Moryrb BU0Ra3£iBaTb 06% 
OAHOUi» B TOiTL ssd R pasjiR^HHe E, H, nasoHei^, cyn^ecTByioTB h 
laKie EHAHBHAii, KOTopue Heonoco6Hii Kb ycTaHOBJiefiiiD npaBflJTBHBix'L 
yTBepa^eHifi h — BTb pjiyiaaxx cjrtnoTH, rayxoTH 1 t. n, — He Moryit 
H BOBce BUCKaaaTBCfl UjBixax'B, SByKaxi* h t. a* HMia se npH 
aroM'B Bi» BH^y i^eHipajiLHyH) poj[B G, mu npHXOAHifB so 2-My nojio- 
oeHix) BKLmeyKasaHHofi npeAnocujuur: eo ecJlKOM^ cjyyHath^ Kovda E 
npuHUMaemoi aaeucHimMz omz i2, doAOKua 6umt npunnma ueno- 
epedcmeeHHOJi aamcuMOcmh E otm 0. 

TenepB HaM'B npeACTOHTb pasoMOTpiTB, KaKiiH'L QQo6Qwauwh o6pa- 

2QWh AOJ[»Ha 6UTb HIiZCJlHMa 8Ta aaBHCBllOCTB E OTB C. 

tEcJin y fiacB eciB ab^ HepeifiHfliiifl, KOTopua KasiiHi 6£[ to hh 
CuJio ofipasoMi* saBHcarB OAHa otb Apyrofi TaE'B^ ^to ox HaMtHomeirB 
nepBoK CTaHOBHTCfl HeH36isHiiMi» HSM'^HeHie BTopofl, TO nepByn b'b 
TaEOHX cjiy^ai cjLiAyeri no OTHomeHiK) ko BTopofi cuTaTB ycAoeieMh 
usMfbHemn. Ho B H E, Kani* mh to beaIjih, HaxoAflTca MOSAy co6ok) bx 
Tasofi saBHCHMOCTH, ^TO H3MtHeHifl OAHOFO Hen86i»Ho BxeKyxx 8a co6ojB[ 
u HBMiHeHia Apyroro; noaioMy, h cjEiAy^Ti c^HraTB B ycjioBieMx hb- 
uiHeHifl A^ E. Ho, TaK'B BaE'b E HaxoAETCJi B'b HenocpeACTBeHsoft 

BaBHOHMOCTH OTB CBCTeHU C, TO UpH HSM'^HeHJflXX E, COCTaBHafl ^aOTB 

o6cTaHOB£H B AOJDKHa c^HTaTBCfl yciOBieii'B HSiiiHeHiiE c^e^iaJ^»Ho ajui 

CHCXeMK C>. 

Hai dToro bhaho, ^to b'b caMOH'B npEHfliin ejee Aony^eEiE B sa* 
EJiiOHaeTGfl yse EeE364b3KsocTB ESMiBesiA C, a noxony h npExoAUTCE 
roBopETB se C, a ero ESii'bsesiEX'B, e ^opHyiEpoBaTB 3-e naio- 
acoEie 8EnEpioKpETE?ecBOE npeAEOCHJiKE TaREMi oGpasoMb: eo ecu- 
KOMz CMf^fb^ Koxda E npuHUMaemcH saeucHVJtuMz otm R, doASMcna (Sumh 
wpuHHfna HenocpedcmeeHHOji aaeucuMOcmh E otm usMtftneHiji C. 

HxaE'L Mil AO cExi nop'b ycTaEOBEjE OTEomeflie saBECEUocTE: 
1) MesAy B E E, 2) Moaig^y C >e £^ e 3) nesAy B e C, eu, Esaie 
roBopfl, MsacAy oOcraHOBKOD e BUCKasuBaEieiii), HeacAy eeaebeaomii 

E ero BUGEaSHBaEieMX E MOSAy 06CTaE0BK0D E ESAEBEAOlfb. 

HffB 8Toro BEASO, ^0 E TonepB, soFAa Mti eni^e OABa-oAB^ 
BcryiiEJiE B'B o6jiacTB 8MiiEpioKpETEqecKEX'B HOJiosesifi, nepoA'B saHE 
EiiteTCE yse sisoTopaa o6n^aji cxena ysEBepcajcbEiixi cooTEomeflifi, 
KOTopyx) npoACTOETB pasBETB A^'^d ESI OABa EaHt^essaro onBcasitf 
vb dojiie o6oTOflTeju»Eoe e noApooEoe. 

npea^e, ^itb a nofiAy As^^e b'b 8T0irb EanpaBiefliE, npoACTO- 
ETB ocraBOBETBca fla MEsyTy e paacMorpiTB fijiEse xapasrepi pas- 
JLEHEUX'B oTSomesifi. 

<BcaEoe oTEonieBie HomerB 6utb, BO-nepBHXB, npE?EEEHin», 
KorAa — ^KaKi, BanpEMtpx, bt* oxEoineHiE OTi^a kb cHEy — oTen,!* aB- 
juiOTCfl npE^iEEOK) EO OTEomeslK) Ki> cufly. H GUffB OABaKo ase mosotb 
pascMaTpflBaTBca KaRx npa^EEa, no ROTopoft otbi^'b octb EMesso 
<OTei;i>. Ho, TaRx Rani bb btomi cjiyuai czis'b bb aRXEBEoiTB oiru- 

J« 18. Oixin I. 16 



242 P7GCK0E BOrATGTBO. 

cA HO flBiaeicA onooo6cTByi)EpHi cyn^eoTBOBamn oxi^a, a toibko 
cBOHHi npHoyTOTBiein no6ysA^TB naci HMeHOBaub ^ojivLTesa. ero 
€OTi^OMX>, TO UfiETpb TflsocTfl TjTb H na^aen Ha cropoHy HMeHOBa- 
Hifl, H OTHomeHie nojiyiaerB sna^eHie jmniB AoiuHeeKu-u^fmEWK^kroy, 
tjffib Bemji uoryrb 6HTb Bnpo^^Mi TioHO h nepaapuBHo oBasaHU 
Mea^y co6od TaKHirb o6pa80H'&, ^to o^na He Moxen cmaTbca sa- 
BHCflj^eK) orb Apyrott, ho uoserb 6hti» oTHeoena Kh Apyroft, icaEib ki 

lipHUHi>. 

cKorAa bo Bpeiu aos^h mzi bhahitb Ha h6(% pa^yry, to mm 
sHaeiTB npn^HHy ea — cojiHi^e; oho naxoAHTCH k-b pa^yrb vh oTHome- 
HiH npHHHHHOCTH. Ho HaiTB HSBiunBO Taszo, HTO ci> Ea^AOD nepe- 
iitHon saHflHaeHaro naifH H^Ta HavB bhahtch yse dptfioH pa^yra, 
TavL KBkKb BGJiiA'B 3a HannocB ABHsenieirb hhhh sanu boau era 
BOBflTCfl Kb coxHi^y H HamoMy rjiiasy wh to cooTHomoHie, EOTOpoe 
Heo6xoAH]fO Au BOcirpiHTUi p^uyrH. Tyrb Hoaiwy Ha&iDAaiejieHi h 
paAyron flBjuercH OTHomeHie ocofiaro poAa, a hhohho: HSHiHeHie, 
upeTepniBaeifoe Ha&wAaTexeirb, bjio^otb 3a ooton h HsiciHeHie bi 
paAyrt. 3x0 OTHomeHie ho Hoaserb ciHTaTBCH npHqnHiurb noToiiy 
qio HaSjoDAaTeib He nponsBOAHTb paAyrn, h en^e ueuie mosho cqn- 
TaTb ero jEorH^ecKHMi. Oho npeACTaBiaerb co6ok) GoaoAUHeHie ci> nepe- 
MiHHiiiMH ueHaMH H Mil HasuBaeiTb ero ^ywcuioHaji/bHUMhy . 

cBi ocHOBi BOflEofi ^ejE0Bi<iecK0fl A'^TOiBHocTH JiexHTb asajio- 
FHieoKoe cooTHOHieHie. BosA^ScTByion^ee na Hanoi rjiasa, ymn h t. 4. 
pasApasKOHie, npoBSBOAHMoe ospysaDQeD naoi o6oiaHOBK0D, cBtru- 
Bue lyu, SByKOBUH bojlhu h t. a* hbihutoh npHmuu npnunaMs 
deasoHe'iHO pasHOodpasHuxi ^^Hsiojconi^ecKEX'b npoi^eccoBX vb HameNi* 
M03ry. Ci THKHKH npoiieccaHH CBHSuBanTCH BtA HamH Bocnpiaiifl, 
npeAoraBieHiH, ^yBCTBOsaHifl h mhcjih. dry cbhsb ho oiiAyerb n^- 
HHHaxB OAHaBO se Tasi, ^to ^lisiojiorHqecKie npoi^eocH vh npnquH 
hohi> cMUOii npoR3BOAflTi> nainH hucjeh h t. Am noAoOno Tony, 
saKi ne^eHL npoHseoAHTb xei^, a To;KbKo, hto npn nocpej^cTBt 
onuTa H BOCQHTaHifl yoBOHOHoe HOsroBUMR npoi^eooaMH mu o6o8HaqaeMb 
HauMeHoeawjiMUi EasAOiiy opoi^ecoy mu npiypo^HBaerb Hsel^cTfiOB 
Buicsa3biBaHie h coeAHHaeMi o6i Bejra^iBHu TasHici o6pa80M'B, qro 3a 
M&s'&fimHMi HSMiHeHieiTb HOsroBoro cocTOflHia cjrlAy6Ti> h HSHineflio B-b 
BbicEasuBaHiH. CO.tjiiaeM'b mei, nanpHMip-b, HSBtcTHuft noBoporb bbhta 
Bi laMHi H roBopHiTb: ccTaaeTb OBtTJiie^), eHOTpHirb na ocNoaiomiocii 
cb ABpeebeB'b jEHCTba h roBopBMx: «HacTyna6Ti» oceHb», h t. aO« TaKoe 
oooTHomeEie, lesamee bi> ocHoai Bcirb qejiosi^eojuixi BucKaduaaHiH, 
MU HasuaaeM'b AOiuHecKU-^yHKuioHaAtuHMh coomHOuieHieMh. 

TaKHMB o6pa30M'b, B^ yBasaHHHXi Bume cooTHomeHiHX'b MejKjy 
B a C MU ycMaTpHBaeHX xapaKxepi npH^HHHOft caaaH; tto se Ka- 
caexca cooiHomeHifl aesAy R h £ a aexAy C a E— a ofipaTao— tu 
3Aicb CBHSb aia ae aaleTb npa^aaBaro xapaaiepa. dra caasb lorH- 
qeoKH-^yHan^oaajibHaa, aaJuuDn^aaca cHHTesoMi Aayxx Dapajiieju»Hbix% 
HBieaifi. 



«HJIOCO«CKOB nkCSfhfffE XlX-fO MKA. 243 

TenepB ^iiraTeiB osHaKOMBica yxe bi naBHiixi ^epiaxi cl 
o6imm xapaKiepoM'b sicnHpioKpnTHiecKoft ooHOBHofi oxeioi h Mosen 
fiHA^Tb, TTo npeA^ni oahofo toibko onHoami wbtji^ ho Chih nepett- 
AeHu: BesA'b nua piu mmL o6i HSirlHesiflrB chctomh C h yczoBiflxi 
dTHXi^ HBirfcHeHift h ish cb KasHMH npoHSBojCbHO-BBeABEHBiMa vb pas- 
^sysAeaie ^axxopaHH A^a HirfcTb h6 npHXOAHiocB. 

nepexojui T6nep& vb aHaiasy HBMiEeiiift chgt6mu C, a. aojokoitb 
aantTHTB, ^iTO npHHflTiis AJU otin^aro o^praiin bthxi HBHiHemft 
o6o8Hav6HiA AOiXHU 6yA7TB BospacraTb h ooiosEflTbca copasvipHO 
xoAy Bcrpi^neiiux'B pasn^esiS, 90 ^to o6cTOBTeiicTBo bto, onoco6- 
^rrayfl npocTorft h spaisocTH HSioaceHii, BoerAa CyAen npeAcxaB* 
jflTB o&ier^eHie, a ne BarpyAHeHie upoi^ecoa yoBOOHiii nocieneted 
pasBepruBani^Hxofl nepoAi^ HBtBfteiewh bobbp^hjA. 

npeACTaBHBTB ce&k, ^to bi CHCieiii C npoHBonuio HsuiHeHie, mh 
rhMB caMUiTB joiaHOBJUeirB paaiHHie iiesAJ AByiifl es cocroflHuiMH: 
riwh, soTopoe npeAinecTBOBaio HBH^HOHii) — naKOAhnoe cocmosnie, h 
^ribrL, KOTOpoe sa BTHirb HSiiiH^HieMX nooiiAOBaio, — tumenHoe co- 
cmonme. IIoA^ eaMurb se HBMiHeHieMi pasyiiiexcfl npn BTOm 00- 
jioxflTexiiHoe eih arputaieiBHoe npHpanieHie Auniaro oocroflHiJi Ha 
HBBioTHyi) loni^ecKH-paBHOBHa^n^yi) HsuiHeHiD BaiH^ray. Haqan- 
Hoe oocTOflHie oHoreHU mu MoaKovB paBOtfaipHBaTB laxse kbbi nped- 
eapumejubHoe yoioBie HBirbHeHia h bi» Tason ciywb mu aoishu 
ISyAoirii conocraBHib ero ci t&hi ycioBiein', xoTopoe npeACTaBiflen 
C060D eneipajDuio-HBMiHUiniilii MOMOHTb h a^h o(k)3Ha^eHui Koroparo 
ciysHTL tepHHHi danojiHumeMtHoe ycAoeie. IfoHimafl lenepB noAi 
BHaKOiTB C HaiaiBHoe coeroame cBoieioi, xh nojr^^eMX bobmoxhoctb 
o6o3Ha^0HTB efl KOHO^iHoe cocTOflHie qepesB C-|-aC, h npn ero 
noHOQUi ^opuyiapoBairB npHBOAeHHoe BHine 3-e no;K(MKeHie oiiATDnuiirB 
o6pa80]ii»: eo ecfbxh mnoh CAyyojixhj tcatda E npuHUMoemcji aaeucji' 
upturn omi jR, E nmocpedcmeeHHo aasucwmz (mvh ot^CAOSAeHHaxo 
Mepesh B KomHHato eocmoHMji Cr-\-AC. 

cBo BoaKonB OTAfcu»HOirB Giy^at mu paBCMaipHBaeMi HauiBHoe 
•oooTOMHie CHCTOMU C, a Tasace h OHcreMHUii npoABapHTeiBHUfl ycioBui, 
KaBB coBOKynsooTB TbxB yoioBift^ npa Koropmi craHOBHTOfl bobmos- 

HUMB AftBHOe H3MiH6Hie (nOC^JIBKy OHO SBBHCHTb 0TB C, B HO 0TB 

B). ,1^ AOBeAOHifi BTOro yciOBia ao hoihotu Heo6xoAHMo, ^to6u hb- 
uaiBHoe oocTOHHie npiyMHosHJiooB . no spaftHoft ufkpk sa oaho, 
npoBue BB C HO coAepsaBmeecH, ycjiOBie, tbsb ebki bohsoo hbm^- 
HOHie bbbhchtb vkffi ne otb oahofo toako C. dro, AOJuseHcxByDiqee 
o6piTaTBGi[ sa npoA^i^H C yciOBie n octb hmohho — oiiei^ajiBHO- 
oGocHOBUBaDH^afl HdMiBemfl — oaho jhsib HSffbcTHoe BHa^enie HMivo^aji 
^acTB o6cTaHOBKH Bz». noAB Rx H pasyMierofl to,ito HasBBHO 6uio bu- 
me AonoiHHTeAHUMi ycAOBieMB. ^onojouneiBHoe ycjiosie, bbeb bhahc 
HSB 8Toro, B HasBBHO TaKi BOTOMy, ^Tio OHO AOHOjmaeTB npoABapH- 
TaiBHUfl ycAOBiii cHcreMH, aoboahtb hxb ao hojihotu, HaxoAflo^eft 
•cBoe BupaseHie bb soho^homb oocioiiHiH, x. e. xaiOMB cocxohhIb^ 

16* 



244 PyCCKOB BOriTCTBO. 

KOTopoe HacrynaoTB aia C no saBepmeHiH Bcixi nocTHnnHn* ero 

HSHiHeHifi. B'B BHA7 SaBHCflirOCTH E OT'B BTOrO KOHOHHarO GOCTOflHifl 

He^ero MHoro f pacnpocTpaHflTBCfl o ero SHaieHiH. UonoTpjiWh^ vro 
onpeA^OHHafl qacTB oScraHOBKH Rx B£rpasaerB cjAefiHsft npHroBopi^ 

AJUfl C. SaBHCHMOCTB BC^Xl HCXOAAn^HXTi 0T1> C CJItOBli, A'bflOTBitt H 

Boo6me Bcero ero E, cxaHOBHTca o^eBH/^oK) caMa co6oft. 

PacqAeHEBi R, npsxcAHTca Ao6aBHTB, qro Bnpe^B j^si Bcefi oGcxaHOB- 
KH Boo6ii;e oAHoro SHasa ore 6jji,eTb HeAOOTaToqHo. Ecu 6ii C Bcei^iJio 

SaBHCiJtO OTB BHXpa H3MiHeHifi, BHOCHMHX'B R, eUJ 6u npHHIJICOCB 

cKopo irorHfiHyxB noAi* hh^h'l HeypaBHOBlmeHHHM'B ea jt^^Bxemevrb, 
EcjiH BToro Eirh, to ooxpaHeme C npoECxoAHTB noTOHj, ^to R uwberb 
j^BottcTBefiHuft xapaRxepx: cb oahoS CTopoHH, 8to EOTO^nniVb Hayue^ 
Hw^ — H vb BTOWh CMHCJit fl H 6j]ij npo^oji^aTB o6o3Ha?aTB ero ^epes-B 
R; — Ch APyroft, 8T0 HCToraHKi numaniH; B-b btobtb ciyqat b-b cKpn- 
TEJsb> npsHflTO o6o8Ea^aTB ero ^epesi S. OiCD^a h ABa po^a aairb- 
HeHiH Bi CHcreifi C; o^hh ooBepmauTCs wb saBHCHMOCTH otb R h 
Bxi oBHa^aioTB repeal f (Rj, Apynfl ooBepmaioTCfl wb saBHCBHOoin 
OTB S, T. e. cocTaBjramrB f (S). 

. Coo6pasafl npBBeAeHAHfl jifi ohxi* nopib yRasaHiB, paaiflCHeHui s 
paajin^eHifl, ne Tpy^HO y6iAHTBCfl) qro cHcreMa C He npeAnojiaraeTca 
liaRi 6bi cTomifiio BHt HCTopiH H xo^a pasBHTiH, a, HanpoTHBi Toro, 
OHa npeACTaBJUieTCfl coBirbn^aioii^eD vb ce6i Bcrb yciOBiff, KOTopuii 
MoryrB 6MTB ao6hth hie yTpaqeHu gejuok) ESHi^fleHifi, t. e. osa npe^- 
uojiaraeTCfl cnoooSsoip e ki» pasBEiiio, ki» noCTynaTeJiBHOMy xo^y, fl 
KB BUpOSA^SilD, ITB notuiTsoMy ABEsesiD. 

nocMOTpfliTB se TenepB, KasEiTB E3MiseHiE]rB noABeprseTCfl osa 
vb 9TBXi», ooBHin^ann^Excfl (tb npe^i^aHfl se3ee caMoft, rpasn^axi? 

npesAe Bcero cjiiAyer-B sa&cb pasjiE^aiB oSn^ifl ESiiisesifl otb 
c^e^ia^BBHx^, s vb nocJifbjiEewb — naToiorE^ecKia otb ^Esioiors^e- 
cKEVb. ^ESiojiorE^ecKifl ESKtEeHia onpe^iJifaDTca rjnaBEUM'B o6pa- 
BOH'B ynpaoKHCHieMZy KOTopoe BTO^esie Bcefl sesse oRasHBaerB aa 
HEXi CBoe BOBAiflcTBie. SarbifB, EHtmrB BEa^esie ^ynmioHaAtHtM 
EBM'bEesia, EaRi BEoifli npexoAaoQa, a ^opMOMutM (ejus oprasE- 
qecKia), RaKi npexo^aniia mmB OTiacTB. 8to saaqarB, hto wb nep- 
BoiTB cjiyroi CBOTeaa C, b eocji* ofiycjroBieEaaro o6cTaBOBROi) (R) 
flaHiseflia, ocraerca TaRon se, eie eotte TaRoi), aaROH) 6Eua ao 
EBMiEeEia, a bo BTopoirB,— oaa 6oj[ie ejee Mosie EareacEBEo eie 
Oojii^e EXE HOBie npoAOjnsErejiBsoe apeHa aaiaerca asirbEeEaoK). 
ynpasEOEie, BOBA^ficiBya aa bte ESMtEeflia^ oraflOBEToa cnem^U'^ 
^ec'KUM^ b'b toitb cjiyqai, RorAa oeo BosA^ilcTByeTB Ea ^aoraHa i^ea- 
TpaiBBBia cacreifH, (coBORynaocTB rotopbixti e ootb CECTeaa C), a 
Bupo6aTBiBaerB, e b'b $opMai[BEOM'B, e b'b ^yaai^ioaajrBaoirB OTaome- 
aia, Ty eie Eayi) bx-b onpeA'feJieBaocTB. OGcTaaoBRa Mo«erB coAep- 
saTB EiE se fle coAopsaxB oaoooficTByDnUe ESBtcTaoMy ynpasaeaiD 
KOtfeaiu, Moueam btb uorypB 6utb ejib ae 6BrrB uesAy 006010 vb 
cpoAOTB-h,— BO BcaaoM'B cjry^at eoai mrb BOBAtftcTBieiTB BHpafiaTH- 



«IU[0GO«GSOB EkCJthpjS XlX-rO B«KA. 245 

BaDTOfl Ti UH HHHH ^OpMU U3MfbHeHiA, KOTOpNfl BOer^a npHXOAHTCfl 

pasAS'iaTB. OxBaiuBafl bo Boefl hx'b cobokjiihoctb Bci cooTHOcaiQiaQfl 
cK);^a o6cTOflTeibCTBa, mosho BH^iTb, ?T0 pasBHTie, ycHJieHie, ycoBep* 
DieflCTBOBaHie, ojiobomi, nodtomoeKa CHCTemi C bi mHpoROMib 

CHHCJli, HaXOAHTCfl Bl SaBHCHMOCTH 0TB ynpasHOHifi qaOTHBIXl* CH- 

ctQWbyiiidrb o6mfiA ooBOsynHocTH KOTopuxi ciaraercfl oncieMa C. 9toti» 
npoAeccrb a saEaHqHBaeroa BHA^eHieMi tAaentAon ^othux'b OHCxeirB 
OTX nodoHHuxz. HcTopifl pasBHTifl BCflKaro TajiraHia, BCflsoi BEg^an- 

TOfiicSL IH^HOCTH, MOXOTB npeACTaBHTB 06liXbBUB. flflO. 8Toro UOJlOSeHiH 
BJIJIK)OTpai^iH. 

JI^ocTHrHyTHe pesyjiBTaTii ^aioTi bosmoshoctb waseojAxjv^mfiWh 
o6pa30]n> hsm^hhtb ^opuyjiHpoBsy 3-ro noiosesifl: ecAu eh nanOMZ- 
nuSydh omdrbAtuoMz Myuatb codepotcanie ymeepoicdeHM doAOtCHO tummh 
^nwiaAhuo-anpedfbAeHHoe snaHenie Ex, mo omo Ex naxodumcji eh 
nocpedemeeHHOu saeticuMOcmu omz danoAHumeAhnaio ycAoeis ICx, 
a HenocpedcmecHHO saeucumh atm Konemtaio coomoHmn C+CsG cu- 
-cmeMiA C. ?T0 86 KacaeTca otHOCfln^eftcfl ciDjifik (ffopua BSMiHeHifl, 
TO CHa o6ycjiOBjn[BaeTCfl se o^^hhitb tojileo cnei](iaj[[BHioi'B aohouh- 
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yKJioHeHiH, OBOH npHxoTjraBUfl BapiHpoBaHiii, i BapizpoBaHifl 8th 
6e8npecTaHH0 BiopraDTOs, BXOAflrb uhhoitb, bi KOJiefiaHui nepaaro 
nopfl^Ka. 9th ROJieGaHifl h nojffwiorb HasBaaie K0Jfe6aHift BioporcT 
nopa^Ka, AonycsaK)iQifl J no aaajioriH ycjioBifi, KOJiefiame Tperbaro no- 
pflAKa H T. A- 

ECJIH ^HTaTdJEB COnOCTHBHTb BilflCHeHHtlH ^0 OTOFO BpeMeHH TpH 
nOHflTm — U3MfbH€HMy 0ICU3H&pa3H0OmU H K0Ae6an%H^ — TO OH!B JterKO 
yCUOTpHTB, HTO nOflflTifl 8TH npOACTaBJUllOTOa BT> HaBiCTHOMl OTHOme^ 

HiH MesAj co6oi) oooacyDn^HMHca; ho ciiAyerb toibro TeparB hbi 
BHAy, HTo ABa nocjri&ABifl coofin^aDTB nepBony HeAOCTaromyiD eny to^- 
HocTB. JKu3Hepa3Hocmh ecTB HSMiHeHie, paacMaTpHBaeuoe vb ero 
cooTHomeHiH ki afcunaeycmotlHtieocmUy KOAeCanie ase ootb HSMtHeflie 
OTHeceHHoe vb nonoio chctomu. 

Ecm, cji'i^Afl 8a HSJioseHHHMH jsfl chxi nopB CiojiorHqccKHMH pa3- 
jiflqeHiaMH h conocTaBieHiaMH, ^HTaToiB ho fiyACTB TeparB hb'b BH^y 
ycTaHOBJieHHUX'B paHBme uojioseHiS othochtojibho BsaHMHOfl obhse 
Mea^y R, C H E, to ohi» jierao 6yAerL npeACTaeiflTB ce61 rHOceoio- 
ri{qecEoe SHa^eaie EasAaro hsi o6cjiiAOBaHHiixi MOiieHTOBi. H bt» 

CaHOMl flj^JL^y He O^OBHAHO-IH^ ^TO BOilTB BOSAiUcXBiflM'L oSCTaHOBRH 
K, Ha HHAHBHA'B C, OTBi^aiOn. BUCSaSHBaHil) HHAHBBAa,' T. 6. E. 
flp CHXl aopx BCi BTH BBtCEaSBIBaHia, He CMOXpfl Ha 8HaiHT6J[BHy]D 

inupB ycolBineS paaBepHyTBca nepoAB HaMH aapTHHU sh3hh, ho bh- 
xoAflTB 3a npeA&iu ycTanoBieHHoft BiinHpioKpHTHqecKoft npeAQOcsiiKH, 
T. e. 3a npoAtJiu ^aoTaro onuTa. IIpHHaTut nyrB npocroro onHcamH^ 
Bce 6oJLie h Conie, BHHRaa vb npeAoraBJifleMBiH A'bfloTBBreiBHOOTBK) 
padiH^eHifl, boacti r^ nocTOHHHOHy oojiosHeHiu o6opyABrj^eKaro 
uarepiajia, ho ohi> hhcrojibro ho TepaeiB bb hohocth h hh Ha oahvb 
MHrB H6 otfaapysHBaerBA&se h naMeaa Ha HeAOoraTO^SLOcTB H36paH- 
Haro cpoACTBa. 

Haa AM.ie no naK^qeHHOMy nyra, mu bb nacioan^ee BpeiiA 

AOJISHU 03HaR0MHTB0fl CB T^ITB HOBUMB OpyAlOMl H3CJrbA0BaHifl, RO 

Topoe HenocpeAOTBCHHO npHMURaerB rb toxbro-^to pa3CKOTptHHoiiy 
noHETix) aRH8Hepa3H0CTH: h pasyicix) noHarie oieu3HeHHa%o pjida. 

EcxH 6fii cTaBHHHfl o6oTaHOBROK) aEH8Hepa3H0GTH oRaBaJUfCB Heycrpa- 
HHHUVH, TO CHCTOiia HiTB noABepsoHHafl AOxsHa 6hL 6uia norH6HyTB. 
Ha caMOMB a^^ OTOro wbrb: * yGTpaHHMOcTB aRHsnepaBHOoTH npn 

H3B^THHXB yCXOBlflXl BOSMOSHa H HOROfl CHCTeUH BB TaRHXB Qiy- 

qaaxB 0Ra3iiBaeT0fl aocthshmumb. 

EciH 6b[ odcranOBRa, BucraBHBB pa3ApasaK)n^it MOMeHTB, caHa On 
h yAaxflxa ero, to a^o ORasaxocB 6u Rpaftne npoortiirB. He BcerAa, 
oAHaRO se, TaRB 6u6aeTB: hhoA pas'B o6cTaHOBRa hhcroxbro ho cno- 
co6cTByeTB HOxoAy BOdpacTaunijaro cHCTeMHaro Roxe6aHifl, HHoft paBi 
h cnoco6cTByeTB, ho He snoxni, bb rohi^I rohi^obb ycTpaneHie shs- 

HepadHOGTfl CTaHOBHTOH 3a60TOfl OaMOft CHCTOHH G. 

IIpeACTaBHarB ce6i TonepB xoab ycTaaoBjieHifl h ycTpaHeHia shs- 



f«HJIOCO«GSOE HAGI^AIB XIX-FO MRA. 251 

sepasHOirrH h nepe^i HaME flBHToa Ta OTAfJ^HO-BSirrafl aocjr&A03a- 
TOJiBHOcTb cofiurift, KOTopTD MOSHO BHA^iHTB ;^ onei^iajcBsaro Hsoii- 
Aoaaidii, H KOTopafl bt* «Kphths&» HocHTb easBaHie SHSHeHHaro 

pH^a. 

npes^e Bcero: c% ^ero sa^HHaeTCfl ara no(ur&;(OBaTeiiHO0Tb co- 

6HTifl? Co CTopoHH o6cTaHOBKH BoaHHKaiDn yrposann^ie ohmiitomh, 
HacxynaerB BOspacTanntee Koiedame, coBepmaeTOfl nocTaHOBRa «h3- 
HepasHOGTHi T. e, HetijaronpiiiTHo HSH'i^HfleTCfl hih f (B) uh f (S); 
TBepAaa no^a, BHpaxaeMaa MaKOBHjMoirB sHSfleycroSqHBOCTii, OKa- 
3UBaeTCfl jTep^HHOi). dro nepebiti orndtbAz hjih nepean nacmb sea- 
HOHHaro pflAA- Bi ^QWh se saKJinqaercfl emopcuii Usa aaKJOO^eTCfl 
Bi TOiix, HTO CBcreifa C, vh H6noKH;taK)n](eirb ee orpeiueHifl jsn> ctojtb 
Aparoi^iHHOMy eft MaKCHMyxy sHSHeycToftqHBOCTB, nepesHBaerb Bci 
rt H3MiH6Eiji, aKBHsajieHTOifB BOTopsxi flBxaercfl BSucKaHie eK> 
cpeAOTBi H cnocotfoBi KB ydTpaHeHin SHBHepasEOCTH h BoaBpamemiD 
yrepAHHaro noxoa. BapiEpoBanifl Ha aiy Tony Moryrb 6ht&, KOHe^HO, 
Epaftse pa3HOo6paBHH, a ajehtoahoctb exi HeE361sH0 npeAoxaBjnieTB 
BeiE^Hsy Bi Bucmeft creneHB Koie6j[i)iiiyK)Cfl. Ecie cEcreHa no^p^ 
raeToiTB SE8Bepa3H0CTH norH6aeTT>, to XK3HeHsuft paAi* o6piiBaeTCtf> 
He AOCTETHyB'B CBoeft nonoTu; wh n^TEBHoarb ciy^at HacTynaeTi 
mpembH eio uaemh: OEoreica C Haxo;](ET% to EsiiiEeHie caHOft cetffl^ 
npE KOTopoft HOCTaBieHEaE eft SESHopasHOCTb 0Ka3UBaeTCfl ycrpa- 
HeEEOK); K0ie6aEii) HacTyuaerb eohoi^'b, — MaRCHHyH'B XESHeycToft^H- 
BOOTE BOBirJ^n^evL. TaROBa cxeiia npocTifimaro ciynaff, oiarann^aroca 
wb SEBHesHuft pHjTB. CaMO co6oi5 paayMieTOfl, ocioacHeEie ero EMi- 

OTB BCCBMa mSpOKiH rpaBEipj, EG E 8TE OCIOSEeBifl HOryn 6UTb 

oxBa^eflu npiexaME npocroro onEca^iE, KOTopHirb nojibsyerca «KpD- 
TEKa», fl He j^asTB noBOAa jijuL BHxoAa sa opex^u uciaro onuTa. 
O&b SToirb, Bnpo^eirb, pi^b en^e BnepoAE. ' 

Mmsh BOflBaro qejioBiKa npeAoraBiaeTb tfesqEcieEsue npHnipH^ 
BT» KOTopBixi Ta EiE EEafl EpaKTHqecRafl HJifl TeopeTEHeouui ero flt>' 
flxejibEOOTb Moserb craTb ooAepacaHlHirb XE3HeHEaix) pflAft- Ha^HHaa 
<yh HeJio^eS, — ci yAajoflifl, HanpEHlp'b, ihueebh, nonaBmeft b'b 
rjrasi, — ^Bcaiuft MoveETb 6opb6ii sa cyni^ecTBOBasie npeAcraBJuieTb 
nooraEOBEy xE3Eepa3sooTE, E3iicKaHie cpoAOTBi ea ycrpafleHln n 
caMoe aro ycrpaHeEie t. e. — Bct rpE aieHeEra SH3HeHEaro pHAa> 
BriflAEMCfl 6jiEse vb sESEeHEufi psA^, npeACTaBJueMuft paGoroio 
$HJioco$a. «npeAnoiosE]rb, ^to ero noAroTOBsa (vb CMUOAt cEoreE- 
Earo npeABapETejOiEaro ycioBiE) TaEOBa, tto owb — cnocofiEuft r-b 

CaMOCTOEXeibEOft pa60T& — EO EBIfleTCE CjrtnilH'b nORIOSHEEOM'b TOfi 
EJIE EEOft CEOreMH E CTOETb EpH 8T0irb BUEie ypOBEE EpETE^eCEE- 

OTEocEE^rocE iPb cECTeul EOcjTbAOBaTejui. HpeAnoiosEEi jifijAe, ?to 
npeAEieoTBOBaBEiiE $EJioco$CEifl CEcreHzi (eeri A^ftOTBETejibEiia aoeoj- 

EETeibEHE yCJIOBifl), EJIE EaRaE-SE6yAb OAEa ESI EEXl, np0E8B0AETl» 

TaEoe EaiiiEeEie b% noEot ero cEcieMU, tto EBiflercE BOSMOSHOCTb 
yEaaaxb Ea Eee, EaRi Ea XEaEepasEocTb. TaREM^ o6pa30]rb ORasu- 



252 PyCGEOB BOrATGTBO. ^ 

BaeTCfl npHBje^eHHUM'B si pscMOTpisiiD ysejiH^eHie f (R) s, nocpeA* 
cTBOMi coBepmanmeMcfl npa drowb nootaHOBRi npofiieicMii BBOAHToa 
uaHcuhHoe mMtbueHie SH3HeHHaro pfl^A- CHCTena C Hamero ^aioco^a, 
Bi) cBoeM'L CTpeiueHiB Kb noAAopsaniiD cBoefi jCToi^HBOOTH nps 
nocTHraK)niHxi ee yMeHBrnoHiflxii, nepexoAHrL k'b 6oiie hjh Meiite 

AlHflHOMy pflAT HaH^HeHit, EOIOpUfl — AJIflTCfl JKH OHfl EopdTRoe BpeHfl 

QjiH TaHyrcfl agcateh iItb — hm^idtii SHa^eme cpedutixh usMfbuem^U 
JIorHqecEH npiypo^eHFUMi £i> aTHirb H8MiHeHiflMi» pflj^ovB 6yA6Ti» 

pflA'b (QSyCTHHXl HIH IIHCBMeHHUZ'B) BBICEaSHBasifi, T. 6. ffOArOTOBH- 

TdiBEBixi paGoTB z T. Am H 8T0 6yAerB AJniTBca jifl r^Th nop'B, nosa 
B03HflSHerB moKoe cHCTOMHoe HStfiHeHie (nojiy?ajE»iii;ee ssa^eme sqkaM' 
H\jimeAhHa%o\ saBHCHiiafl EOToparo a&ctb hoboo pfbiueme npo6AeMMfA 
H »H3Hepa3H0CTB oEaseiCfl ^TaEHiTB nyreifB ycTpaHOHHOX). 

BecB HaTepiajii npHBeABEHaro ao HacToan^aro icoMOHTa HBCjrhAO- 
Baaifl BJTHBaoTCfl, EaEi bhaho hsi BUiliecEasaHHaro, B:b pycJio ses- 
HeHsaro pflAa; TenepB, npoAOJrxeHie Hamero Hscjr&AOBaHia 6yAeTB yse 
iiaojiiAOBaHieirB sHSHeHHaro psAa nepBaro a BuomHXii nopsAKOBi, a 
SjOHTpoiTB TaxecTH dTOFo noci'j^AHaro asHTCfl, EaEx TO a pasyMtexcfl 
caMO C060D, BonpooB oGii jcioBiaxi ycTpaHema sESHepaaHOCTH* 

PascxaTpHBafl Bonpoci Aorb cnepBa ch ^moroo^opHajcbHoft ero 
cTopoHH, T. e. GorjiacHo OAEHHi ToiBSO Jiormec^HM'B sasoHan npH 
< oBopmeHHOiTB 0TBj[e<ieHiH otb ero coAepsama, aaiTB cAjsjerb 060- 
spiTB xb HSicia^usBooTH wiE BapiapoBaaiay soTopHa cboahtb asBi- 
cTEoe aaiTb paBenoTBO — f (R) + f (S) = — aa aepaBeacTBO — 
f (R)+f (S) > Oj a BartM'B npocjiiAHTB a totb npoi^ecoi, EOTopHft 
orB dToro aepaBeacTBa npaBOAarB eb nepBoaa^aiBHOiiy paBeacTBy 
aia nosoK) cacTeifu. CaoTeMa jC Bapiapyerb Tyn, oqeaaAEO, pasao- 
o6pa3BifimaM!B o6paaoirB, ao, npaaaaaa bo Baaaaaie, ?to sasAftfl 
Hsi $yasi]tlt paseacTBa HoserB aia ysejia^aaaTBoa axa ykeaBmaTBca, 
VLU aeasSisao npaxoAain> Kb ABynB ^opMaHi KOAedaniH paffomu, 
T. 6. f (R)^ a AByiTB ^opaauB noMdaHUi numamny t. e. f (S); Bcero 
Kb ^erupeiTB poAam* aosMosaiix'B BapiapoBaaift cacTeuaux'B $aE- 

TOpOBIb. 

Ecjia HH TenepB conocraBBMB saa^iit asi BiaxB paAOBi, vb sa^e- 
ctbI 8j[eMeHT0BB aa^aiBauxB aairbHeaifi aia nepBaro OTA^Jia sasaeaaa- 
ro pflAa, cb cooTBiTOTBeaauHa ^epeAoaaaiaica rkirb sieHearoBi, bi aa- 
«iecTBt saRJinuTejiBaHX'B asiiiaeailt TpeTBefl ^acra paAa, to noiy- 
HHM'B nepeqeaB Bcix^B xixB ooqeTaaiK, sasAoe asi EOTopuxB npeA' 
cTasaT^B Bosaosaut (uiy^aft noeraaoBEa aycrpaaeaia sasaepaaaocTa 
Bcasaro acasaeaaaro paA&* TaaaifB o6pa30H'B oEaaceTca, ^0 EOie- 
6aaie, Bosaaamee BCJiiAcraie yeemHenui paSoxn, mosotb 6eitb yorpa- 
aeao ea yMewbUienieMz (a aaoOopoiB), a to, EOTopoe Bosaaaio BCJiiA- 
cTBie yeeAUHenxH naxaaia MOserB ycTpaaaTBca yMeHttueuieMb naraaia 
(a aao6opoTB). Ci jspyrot CTopoaH, aojiefiaaie MoserB ycrpaaaTBca 
npa no3AaiftmeH'B BoaaaEBOBeaia aapiapoBaaia wb toitb oJEy^ai, 
EorAa TaEOro aapiapoBaaia nepaoaa^ajBao ae aaawiooB, t. e., bi» 



«HJIOCO«CSOE EACUJ5JS XIX-FO WSRIl. 253 

9X0111 cjiyqai yBera^eHie pa6oTU 6j]iffrb jpaBHOBimeHo jBejiHqeHieM's 
HHTaHiA H, Hao6opoTB, TO^Ho laRi ase, keki b jMeHBineHie niiTaaifl 
ypaBHOB^HTCfl cooTB^TCTBeHEHiTB jHeHBineHieirB pa6oTBi H« Hao6opon, 
noHHTHoe ;^o, hto TasHxi oo^eTaHift wb lameirL nepe^ni osaseTca 

BOCeML. 

npH 6e3KOHe?HOfi cjosHocTE QJLj^nevb, pac[ipeAtj[flK)ii^Hxcfl no 

BTHMl BOGBMH pflJ^aH'B HXl, O^Ha H31 BaSH^ftinHX^ Sa^aTb «KpH- 

TnKH» sauioqajacB Kb ;^ocTo;(OJ[SHOJn> jAOBJieTBopeHiii H6o6xoAHtfaro 
Tpe60BaH]fl ynpomeHia npieuoBi h ciiocoOobi ceedenie ecfhxz omttxt 
cjiyHoen Kb eduncmey. Heo6xoAHMO 6ujlo BufipaTB Edrb 8 poAOBi;, 
BHa^ymHxca wb jnousMjTowb nepeRH*]^, owswb laKoS, conocraBJuifl 
CB xoTOpHH^ ocrajcBHue 6£uo 6h bobmosho pascHaTpHBaTB bxb Ean-B 
ero BHAonsMiHeHie. Tanofi pa;^ hofb 6u nojiywTB HasBame ocHoe- 
now CAytoH. 

BHBKaa Bx BHaqoHie BcixB ojiy^aeBB nepe^Hfl, JierKO BSAiTb, hto 

HiKOTOpne H8B HBXB, KaEB TO! yB6j|[ir^6Bl6 nHTaHUE ypaBHOBtmH- 

BaeMoe ero yireHBiiieHieiirB, yBOJiH^eHie pafioxu ypaBsoBtinHBaeMoe efi 
yMeHBnreHieirB h yHeHBineHie pa6oTH ypaBHOBimBBaeMoe cooTHocHTejiB- 
mnwh efl yBeiHHeHieHB, OTHOoaTCfl sb o6jD[aGTH ^HsioioriH h naioio- 
iiH, a noTOHy yKasaHHOiiy Buine TpefiOBaHis) He oiBtqaDTB. To?ho xaKse, 
cjiy^afi ypaBHOBimeHifl yHeHBmeBiH nHraHifl pejHqeHieirB ero HaMB npH- 

rOAHTBCfl He KOSeTB, TaKB KaSB OHB, BB Ra^OCTBi BepxoBOAflH^arOy 

npeAcraBjflji'B 6u rl cryDeHH KyjiBxypu, na KOTopuxB noHCEH nnn^H 
H en npHHHTie npe^CTaBJiflDTCJi naBHUiTB ycaroBieiTB noAAepsanifl 
ycToiiHHBocTH cHcreMU C, Bci HaiH^iHiiH OHJiH Roxopofi npHBJD[6KaX)XCa 
;^jra npHjuoneniH eb axoHy ocHOBHOvy cJiy^aD. Kor^^a a'^o H^exB o6b 
ocHOB'6 xeopiH ^6JioBt?ecRaro nosHaHin, xor^a, o^eBHAHO, BHEHaHie 
AOJiacHO cocpeAOxo^HXBCfl Ha f (R); a npoi^eccB odiilHa Bein;ecxBB — 
f (S)— oxoABHraexca Ha Bxopoll nxaHB, h npH bxomb, Bce xo, ixo 
Ao CHXB nopB 6£rJio oxhochho SB MycEyxBHofi pa6oxi, aoxsho* nottXH 
BB A^Ao npH HscjfbAOBaHiH pa6oxu, nouon^Bio Roxopofi aojukho no- 
ABHraxBCfl coaBABHie HHxepecyiomett hbob xeopiH. 

Ha 8XQMB ocHOBaHiH H H86Hpaexca lorb cxy^aft, bb RoxopoMB 
yBexH^eHiK) nHxaaifl, iipe'XnoxaraiDQteHycfl paBHOH'bpHHMB, cooxBix- 
cxByexB yBexH^enie pa6oxH, xoqno xaRae paBHOMipHoe, npn qeMB 
npeAHOxaraexcfl xasoft hhahbhab, soxopLift HaxoABxca eme bb nepioAt- 
nocxynaxexBHaro pasBBXiH. KoxeOaHie orpaHH^HBaexoH xoxbxo x^^hb, 
^0 yBexH^enie nHxanifl npeAnoxaraexoH npoHcmeAnQDiB npn ycxo- 
BiBXB caa, xbeb ^xo HscxtAOsaHie cbmo co5ok) bxoahxb m> paMRs 
Toi! qacxH £0xe6aBifl| Roxopas aaxBaxiiBaeTB npoi^eccrB yBejiuqema 

pafiOTH. 

Bb BH^y Bce 6oxie h 6ox'6e Bospacxaion^efl cxoshocxh Hamero 
H3rj['^n()HauiB, ABJiBBMniee pacueHenie h cnei];iaxH8aivfl H36paHHaro 
ocHOBHoro cxyqaa xpefiyexB BBOAeHifl HtbROxopuxB hobuxb o6o3Ha- 
^eaift. 

PaaaoH'i^pHO-BOdpaoxaiDn^ee naxame hh fiyAOMB o6o3HaHaTB xep- 



254 PyCCKOE BOFATCTBO. 

MBHoiTB uaemH<heucmeMHHiSt MOMenmh 11^ a cooTHOcanteeca pasHO- 
idd^pHoe TBenneflie pa6oTH — repMBHOiTL eoomnocumejihWAi^ MOMenmh 
HJiH KOMOMCHfrn P. FjiaBEoe Bsaqeflie rjvh apBHa^iesHrb nocii/^Heacy. 
Ofli» o6o3BaqaeTi> ysejiB^ieHie pa60TS b nparoirb Be bchkoA, a loft, 

BMBBBO, BOTOpaa Beo6xOABlCa JIA& SB3BeyCT0SHBB00TB CBCTOMH C. 

YBejiflqeBiB paOors, npoESBOABBiifl yiieBBnieBifl SBSBeycroftUBocTE 
C, BounqaDTCfl bsx dToro BOBBTia, h soMoiieBrb F aBuexca o6o3- 
Ha^eBien ycBoesBaro yBpaaBBesieiTB yBeJiB^eBk pa6oTU, Tin yse- 
jiB^eBieiii, KOTopuH'b cBcieiia pacnaiaraoTi yse vb CBJiy cBoero 
co6cTBeBBaro pasBBTia. 

Ha pasiflqeBiB MOMeBTOBi» n b F ocBOBHBaeTca pasiBqeaie sb8- 
BepaaaocTeil Bopsaro b BHcmaro BopaABOBi. noAo6BO Tony, KaRi 
BBojiBt ycBOOBBoe ynpasBeaieB'B BOJiefiaBie Siuo BassaBo B0Jie6a- 
Bieui 1-ro b., tbki b AaBBua bi CBcreiii C BBMiBeBifl, bii toitb 
cjiy^ai, Bor^a BCrpi^anTca oabb tojjtbko B6B3MiBqBBHe (ae Bapiapy- 
DB^ie) CBCTeMBiie MOMeBTU n, MH o6o8BaqaeMi, bbbi SBSflepasBOOTB 
1-ro n. HaapoTBBi Toro, BcaicaB B3B[lBqflB0CTB B0jie6aBia, KacaeTca xb 
ofla saaqeaia n apa BpeiieflBott BeBSHtB^EBocra saa^eaifl F, bjib 
3Ba<i6Bia F npa BpeMeaaofi aeBSBrfcaqaBOCTB ssaTOaia n, fiyAers 
o603BaqaTBca KaKi acBsaepasaocTB 2-ro, 3-ro e t. a. nopaxKOBi>. 
nepBui nopaAO&'B SBdaepadflOcrefi, KaE'B to b o^eBBABo^ cboabtcb 
Ki oABOMy JBBIB paBBOMtpBOHy, eseABOBBo noBTopaDB^eiiyca BBe- 
AeaiD bbbib, BaiDB^eiiy Micro jibbib wb ciyvaflrb cia6oyMia, a ao- 
Tovy aaiTB BpflAOTca roBopaxB — eciB bo a&ho 6yAeTB oco6aro aia 
ABBBaro cjiyqaa yKa3aBia,~jiBflii» o XBBBepadBocrax'B bucbibxi no- 

paAKOBl. 

CaMo C060K) pasyMieTca, qro BpaioseBie BHpafiaTBmaeiiux'B cRpa- 
TBR0i>» paaiaqeaitt ifoserb aniTB utcTO a sa npeAiiauB ocbob* 
Boro C4yqaa. Tasoe mapoKoe npaxoseaie Moacerb aojiryqaTB, Banpa- 
Mipii, a, ocBOBuBaBa;ifloa aa tojibko qio yBasaaBOMB, xepifflBB noMO' 
MeHtnupoeauie, KOTopoe, 6yAyqB noJiosBTejiBBUM'B, o6o3Baqa6TB hoabb- 
Tie pa60TU ao Baaqeaia ea yBeiBqeaia, a bbibbcb oTpBi^aieiBBUMi, 
o6o3BaqaerB aoBBseaie BToro dBaqeaia. TaarB, npa BByqeaiB acTOpia 
4»Hj[oco$ia, MoserB bm^tb MtcTO aepBufl ciyqaft, KorAa, 6jraroAapa 
npfljiBBy aoBbiii noBaiift, BOBBBKaDTB BBiiiBeaiB, ROTopiu a OTaao- 
^Tca KOMOHeBTaifB, T. e. EOMoueaTapyioTca BoioaLBTOJiBBO. PaaMum- 
jieaia nocrarmeft yrparb, A'>BOAflB^iB Ao CMepra desyriBiBaro qejoto- 
BiRa,aBj[iaK)Tca apBiffepoBfi KOMOMeflTBpoBaBiaoTpaitaTejbBaro.MoseirB, 
HaKOfleui, cjiyqBTbca a tbki, qto qeioBtK'B SBTeicKoS BpaRTBRB cbo- 
BMi saaajieBieHi, qto owh-jifi scaRia aayRB no3a6uJi'B, Aa bhb 6ojrbe 
a ae BBTepecyerca, oOaapysBBaerB, qTo npesRaee ero nojioxBTejaaoe 
EOBOMCBTapoBaHie nepemjiro wh oTpBC^aiejiBBoe. 

yciaBOBBBB «ocBOBBoft cjiyqaftt a yBasaBi BaaoBiia Beo6xoAB]f£ia 
AJia AaiBBitlfliaro ascjsiAOBaaia paBjaqeaia, bbitb npeACToarB nepeflxB 
TenepB ki fijiBsafimeay paBcaoTpiain yiuada oicu3HeHHaw pnda no 
eio HacmjiMi, bjib aaaqe roBopa, eb pimeaiio Boapoca tomb, rb- 



«niOCO«CROB HAGl^AIE XlX-rO BftKA. 255 

BHMi oCSpasoiTB coBopmaeTCfl npoTeKaaie SHSHOHHaro paA^ npHuiHH- 
Tej&Ho vb H36paHBOHy focHOBHOjfj ciyqaK)*. 

Bi o6mei KapTHHft npoTeRaHui sESHeHHHX'B paAOB^ im npea^e 
Bcero j^ojisHu OTMiTHTb ;^Bi rjiaBHifimifl ocotfeiraocTH. Bo-nepsKm, 
Ham npeAcraBiflercfl ycBoeHHOe yopasHeHieirb paBHOiiipHoe jBeiH- 
^eme nHTaHui, jpaBBOBimHBaeiioe paBHOnipHuirB se BoapacraHleii'L 
pa6oTU, — dTO aicti3HeHfiutl psdh nepeato nopsdna. Ci TaREin» npocTuin> 
jsiaAOHi SH3HeHflaro pfl^a nepBaro nopa^Ka conooTaBxaeroa 6oiie 
cjiosHuS yua^ib otcudHtHHato pnda eHCtuaw nopjidxa. Owb saKiD- 
naercfl Bi HHsecjrbj^Diiteirb: npeAnoioseHHoe npa ycjioBia cHa yBO- 
jmneme nsraHifl flBiaoTca AaHmm, noAiexan^iiMX ypaBHOBimeHiK). 
Sar&irb BcrynaerL KOMOMeHTb F h HauHaerca npoi^ecci aroro ypaa- 
HOBimeaifl, ho Kaax pasi vh bto Bpejia BsiD^aercfl bt» pa^ib Ho^uft, 
BapiHpynn^ii KOMOMeHTi r-4*Ar, HMtonuft SHaneHie BTopoft aaHSHe- 
posHooTH; Ha^aBmeeca saBepmeHie SH3HeHEaro paA^ npepuBaerca, h 
BHooHTOfl hobhI ^ffh HsiiiHeHiS, cjiysaHuft yse He k% saBepmeHiiD 
pa^a nepBaro nopaABa, a toilko, noaa, BxycTpaHeniD BapiapoBaHia, 
BHeceHHaro bi> R0ie6aHi6 KOHOHeHTOH'b F-f AF. 3totb hobuS pha'b 
BBMiaeHiit h ecTB hmohho totb, KOTopHt o6o8HaHaeT(ui Raai otcusneH- 
Hyua pjtdh mAcmaxo nopsidna, 

OcoOeHHocTB ero sauDueroa vh toitb, ^to ohi npoHHKaen vb 
;KH3aeHHiii paA'B nepBaro nopaxKa h saHHicaen Micro Mea^ opoA- 
HHirb H 3axiiDqarreaBHiuci> ero HsviaoHieirB, npeAeraBiaa HOBuft paAi> 
BaplHpoBaHift Boie6aBifl, yrposann^axx ycToSqHBOCTH CHcreifH. Ile- 
pexoA^ Vh noxHOMy saBepmemD aroro pa^a (vh Koioputt OEassBaeTca 
npoHHRHyBmeK) neprypfiai^ poaaaro nporeKasia ero), Hacryaaerb 
TaKffMi o6pa80BrL nmB no ycrpaHeHia npoHSBOAmet ea SH3Hepa3- 

HOCTH. 

npH AaJ^HitmeiTB pascMOTpiHiv nporeKaniH SH3HeHEiirb pa^oBi 
BHHMaaie name AOJnsHo 6yAeTb, riaBHsirb o6pa80]rB, eocpeAOTo^HTBca 
Ba cpoAHEXi H sauDqarejiBHurB H3iclHeHiax'B, Taai tXKh Ha^aiBHiia 
R3MiHeHia, corjiacao h8ios6Hhhhi paaie otiiacHeHiairB, npeAcraa- 
XHDTB npeABapHTeAHHa yoiOBia chot6mu C hju, HHa^e roaopa, npoA- 
cTaBJUinTi» cHcreHy C, isxsh oaa flBaaeToa dannoio Jifs. padOMarpHBae- 
jiaro oiy^aa. 

Bi BHAy HsfiixaaiH HeAopa3y]iiHia, npHnoMHHiTB lenepB caasaH- 
fioe 3HaqeRiH cpoAaaro oTA^ia paxa. CotfcTBeaao roaopa, acaaoe 
MHOJiHiioe HdHtHeaie cnoreira: C moxho pa3C]iaTpHBaTB aaini E3iiiHeHie 
cpoAHaro OTAtaa, ho cbmo co6oi) pasyMierca npa otoitb. He nenpe- 

ICtHHO TaSEM'B, KOTOpOe BeAOTB K^ HeE36iXH0CTE 8aKIDqHTeJ[BHaro E3- 

^ HtEeaia. Pa3jiE^eEie aro yciOBHO h aojobho Chtb pa36MaTpHBa6M0 aaKi 
AaHBoe Aia EBXjifiTO OTA&iBHaro cjryqaa; ho pasi oho a&ho, xapaaTop^ 
ero yse onpeA^JiaTca oaaoK) nocTaHOBKon aonpoca e E3BtcTHoe co- 
cToaaie oacreMu 3aTbirB yse paBcvaTpEBaeTca Kaai cooTBiTCTByion^ee 
8T0My HSHiHeHii). Bo3Bve]n» p^ia, npaiiipa SE3HeHHufl paAib, oxBatii- 
Banmift Bci nepEneria noaBieaia vb ne^aTH Kaaoro HE6yAB npoaaae- 



256 pyCGKOE BOrATCTBO. 

AeHiA. ?T0 acHSHeHHUtt ipfixb dTOTB OTHOOETCH Ki Bucmeuj nopflAKj, 

BHAHO B3X TOrO, ITO OHT> npOACTaBIfleTCfl BRXD^eHHHH'B Bli TOTB, KO- 
TOpuft OXBaTEIBaeTB EdMiHeHifl 06lIAeHH0ft SHSHH^ H KOTOpHft OB'B 

cBOBHi 3aBepnieHieirb He saBepmaerB; sairlirB, mu Mosem c^HTaTB 
cpe]mwMi> ero OTA'i^OM'& h Hsy^eme MaTepiajoBX^ n npe^^HapHTeiBHys) 
KOop;(nHaiun noiyqeHHUx'L otb axoro Hsy^eHifl peayiBTaTOBi, h Ba- 
piHpoBaaie b'b npoijecci cocTaBJieHifl nJiaHa pa6oTU, h npoE^ecci oa- 
Hofl pa6oTU, npoj^OJisaDiE^ift B03AMcTB0BaTB Ha BapiBpoBBHiH npe;^H- 
HAyn^HX'L KOMOMeHTOBii; HO ^TO 6h Mil HH npHHfljrH sa cpeAHifi OT^rfcJTL, 

MU TblTB CaBOIMl yCTaHOBJIfleH'B JEJiaAl pflAtk H, CJllAOBaTeJlBHO, Te- 

nepB yse BarjuiHeifii Ha pa^^ npeAmecTBOBaBHiHX'B cocroHHiS EaEi 
Ha Ha^aiBHoe cocTOHHle oHcretfu C A^HHaro cjry^aH, a KOHe^HuifL r a 
cooTOflHierb coirelii jote pesyjiBTaTB, botophS nojry^HToa no oroh- 
^BHiH BapinpoBaHifl H36paHHaro cpeAHsro OTj^a. 

Ms'B BToro GJtbjijeTb, hto paacMOTpiHie cpeptHxi* HSH^Hemi cbo- 
AHTCH Ki uscAfbdoeaniio cpedcfneh, KOTOpuMH pacnojiaraiOTL: 1) cu^ 
cmeMa C hah se 2) eji offcmauoeKa A'H ycTpaHOHiH 2KH3Hepa3HOCTH. 
CpoACTBa nepBaro po^a Bpaflne npooTEi h HaAi* hhuh hAtl HaAo6Ho- 

CTH JlfiJlTO OCTaHaaSHBaTBCH. 06CTaHOBEa CTaBHTb »H3Hepa8H00TB, OEa 

ae H ycTpaHfleTB ee. IIoj[oshmi», ^to cejTBOKOHy xosaHHy nocraBJieHa 

XHSHepaSHOCTB H86UTK0Ml BOAU (HaB0AH6HieirL) HJTH SO HeAOOTaTBOlTB 

OH (sacyxoH)); cnaAeHie boah h BunaAOHie jiflxjsfl. MOserB ycipaHHTB 
TaKifl sHSHepasHOGTH paHie npsjioseHiA KaRHX'B6u to re6uho cpe^crBB 

CO CTOpOHU CaMOrO XOSHHHaJ 

?T0 EacaeTCH aaBROHHiix'B otb chctohu C nocpeACTByH)n^HX'B h3- 
MiHeHifi^ TO ohh, h ropasAO HHorouoieHHie, h ropaa^io cioacHie. 
Hx'B MOSHO noApasA^JiHTB Ha ji^Bi tioiBHiifl rpynnu: uaMfbueHiil ua- 
pyoKHO'CucmeMHfAXb hah BKmocucmeMnyixb (ABHsemH ^iohobx T&ia) 
H uaMfbHeHM euympeHHO'CucmeMUfM hjh BudocucmeMHtAH^ Bcei](&io 
oporeKaion^iH b^b npoAiiax'B chotohu C. jIpH HOJEBdOBaniH nepBUMH, 
CHCTOMa C HJTH ^uKcupyemz OTHomeniH saBHOHMOOTH, oyn^ecTByioniifl 
M6SAy H6D H o6GTaHOBKOK), HJ[H SO aoMtbtmetm OAHO OTHomenie ^py- 
fHMi, HiH se, HaROHoncx, eiidou3Mfbwiefm etl; npH noiBsoBaHlH 2Re 
BTopiiMH — yctuueaetm imu ocAoBAHewb SHa^enie ynpasHenift, cjiysa- 

lUHXl K^ pa3BHTiX) SaR^ qaCTHHX'B CHCTOITB, TaRl H BCOfl CHCTeHU G, 

n^enocurm H3]rbH6HiH OAHoft naoTHott OHCTeioi na APyi'yK) h t. a- 

HSI pflAOBl BTHXl MHCJIHIIUXl H3Jir&HeHift H MOOICeim CRiajD[lIBaTBCH 

cpeAHil OT]s!kxb SHSHenHaro pa^a. Hto se RaoaoTca drbucmeumeAh" 
Haw ero oocTana, to aro bo Boixi ojiy^iaaxi p'i^maeToa noTpeOnuHi 
Aia ocy^ecTBiema HsuiHeHia BpeMeneirB, TaRi RaRi, naxypajiBHO, 
HacTyuaeTB Bcer^a xo H3MtHeHie, ROTopoe mosotb ooyni^ecTBHTBca cb 
HaHMeHBrnei) TpaTOD BpeiieHH. 

^a OoJiBmei acHOcra npHBeAOHHHX'B Bume o6iiihx'b yRasamfi ot- 

hItHH'B S^tCB, ^TO npHH'hpOHl ^HRCHpOBaHia ORTOCHCTeHHBIX'B H8M']^- 

HOHifl MOxerB cjiysaxB pasAyBaaie 6j[H3Raro Kb yraoaHiio orna, npa- 
MipoM'B sauimeHia — nepecejieHie na Hoaoe mIoto sHTOJiBCTBa h, Ha- 



«HIOCO«CSOE EkCJL^m XIX-FO B'fiKl. 257 

EOHOi^i, npHMipoifb BHAOBsirbHeHiff — npsroTOBfleHie nan^H, t. e. xa- 
tofl nepepaSoTsa niiaeBux'b BemeciB'b, ROTopaa oTUMaeTB j hhxi 

OBOftCtBa, OQOCOfiCTByDII^ nOOraHOBKt HMH SHSHepaSHOOTH. 

• Hto se Kaoaeicfl ao Bonpooa o noiBsoBaHin dHAOoHCTeMHium hs- 

MtHeHiflMHf TO B^OB HHTepeCl COOpeAOTO^BBaeTCfl Ha pOJQE H 3Ha^»- 

Hie sououemoB'b wbdTOWb npoAeoct. Tasi, o6jmm komomohtobi co- 
BepmaeToa noopeACTBOMi paoupocTpaHeHia lixi dH/iocHOTeMHuxx hs- 

HiHOHift, BOBHHKHOBeHie KOTOpUX'b 6uiO otijOJIOBJieHO MBJIOBHaWTeiB- 
HOD SH3Hepa3H00TBl) JifiSL OftHOfi KaSOtt HH67AB ^aCTHOft OHCTOmi to 

^ipjrifl qacTHHH 0H0T6KH H opHOJiHseHiH xaKHiTB nyreiTB 6ojiie Bas- 
HHXi> arasHepasHOCTet si nxi ycTpaneHiD. deuci^ofimm^jibcmtfo komo- 
MBHTOBi HMierL MioTO Tor^a, Kor^ia^ jcBooHHoe ynpasHenieM'b Hsirb- 
HOHie saiiiiiiaeTB co6oi> to, KOTopoe ynpasHOHieirB ycBoeno ho 62110. 
SaTftiTB ciiAT^n: n^^eMtwa KOMOMOHTa, ympama h do6wnie ero, Ha 
KOTopoiTB no He^ooTaTsy Mtoa a ocTanaBJiHBaTLCfl He Mory. 

no dToi se npHiHHt a h npHHipi npeAcraBii) toibko ;^ o^HOro 
cjiry^afl — jifls. nepeMmm KOMOHeHTa: OTOfl nepeiiiHft cooTB^TOTByiyTB 
TasiH HBJieHJfl, Kan npespaiqeHie <riaBHaro> ;^a bo cBTopooreneH- 
Hoe», HacrymieHie npn nporpeocHBHOifB pasBHTin, npv nepeMiffb po^a 

AiflXeiBHOCTH H T. H. SaM^HH O^HHX'b €HHTepeCOBl>» ApyrHMH, HpOBpaT- 
HOGTH Vh 06iaCTH «lfHtHift» H cqyBCTBOBaHlfii H T. ;^. 

TasoB'B o6n^iB xapasTepi HSMineHifi cpeAHaro OT^iia SHSHOHHaro 
po^a. HsiiiHeHifl 8th HMiDTB SHa^enie iMcpedcmetfioujmcb no otho- 
meniK) ki* aanjyioHumeAbHOMy, npoAOTaBJOUon^eMy to cocTOflHie cHcreiiu 
C, Eor^a nocTaBieHHaa SHSHepasHocTB HBJEaeTcii yse ycTpaneHHOD 
H noKoS cHcxeifu BoscTaHOBieBUOiirB. Tyn khcahmu A^a oiyqaa: 
saKiDqHTeJiBHoe HSMiHeme mosotb eosepamamh BapiHpyD^^i komo- 
MOHTB Ki HeBapiHpyDn^eMy hih uocpoAOTBovB pecmiMiymA hjeh bob- 
oTaHOBjuenifl nepBona^aiBHaro KOHOHeHia an se nocpeACTBoiTB o6pa- 
soBaHiH HOBaro, roAHaro ajui yerpaHemfl sHSHeposHOOTH KOMOMeHTa, 
T. e. nocpeACTBOiTB cy6cmumy^iu hih noxoranoBKH. 

Sair&THirL npn btoitb, ^to 6ojnjnafl ^aoxB ciosHiftmHxi saiux)- 
?HTej[BHiixi HairbHeaift coBepmaeTOs nocpeACTBOMi cy6oTHTyi^. Ohh 
o6ycj[0Bj[HBaK>TCH «HOBOo6pa80BaHifl][H» npeAHoiaraeMofl onocofiHon 
El pasBHTiK) CHGienoD C. PeoTHTyipH se eoBepmaDTCfl Boero ^an^e 
Tor^a, Rorffa cHcreiia C. cpaBHHrenHO Menie 6oraTa oyGcTHTyrHBHizuH 
4»opMaHH. ?T0 se EacaeToa ao cy6cTHTyi^ift Buomaro nopaAsa, to 

OHH, EaEl TO H O^OBHAHO, COBepniaK)TCa H806p']^TaTeJlflHH^ XyAOSHH- 

saMH, Huc^HTejiHHH, — Boo6n^e se reniflMH. 

HjiiHxrrpai^ii) tojbko tto ysasaHnaro paajoraeHifl MoryrB npoAOTa- 

BBTL yHCTseHHUe OfijIHEH HlEOTOpHX'B pyOCRHXl ^HAOOO^OBl H OABa- 

JOL He Tixi EueHHO, EOTopuxi F. Kojiy6oBCKift conpn^HGiaeTB k-l 

COHMy «OHJ[BHUX'B HpOTHBHHKOB'B n08HTHBH3l[a» H OTIHqaI)^^[XOfi 

«3aMiqaTeiBHos) rjiyfiHHOD h chiod mugih*. (Cm. Zeitschrift fiir Phi- 
losophie uud philos. Eritik. 104 Band, 1 nnd 2 Heft). Bi 4»hioco$- 
CKHX'B BsrjuiAas:^ OAHoro, no cjioBavB cauoro r. RojiyfioBCEaro, <mosho 

XI8. Orxin'I. 17 



258 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

noffMiTETb T60co$OKie aieiieHTU, cjihtho csjqeHunni meuHHra, Ferejuf 
H GjaBaHO$EJioB:b>; jiffpoA — KaKi» to bhaho hbi ero se co6oTBeH- * 
Haro sa^iBieHifl — uemnerh <o HaoaacAOHin vb PoocIh sdpaeoH mb- 
ma^usuHecKOtL u ucmuHHO-Hayun&A j/Stuoco^iu, co%AacH(yA Cb mpa- 
duuMMu y^eHifi ILiaTOHa h lApHCTOTdJU, ^eKapra h CnHHoau, JEefte- 
HH^a H KaHTa, ^hxto h IIIoneHraydpa». Ctojibko sapasiV 8to ysi 
cBoero fojsjtk aKci^ecx! Tpeiift saHHMaeTca rbiix, tto onepBa pecTHryH- 
pyerb IIIoneHraydpa, noTOM'b JIefi6HHi^a h K^e He SHaiD yse Roro? 
HeTBepTHfi AOKasBiBaen, ^ito Mera^HSHRa 6Hia Heo6xoAHHOK) npess^, 
a lenepB otaia en^e Heo6xoAHMie, ^to <cy6ieKrBBiiiOABTL Hai ce6ii 
MeTa$H8H96GEH>, H A^^B ciiAyvT^ T^^' «co6opHO(rrb qeiOB'&^ecKara 
co3HaHiH>, «BcejieHOKafl HCTHHa>, h t. n. Boe bto Biipo^eirb 6jAj^' 
wk&Th H CTymeBUBaeTca npH noaBJieHiH sa ci^oHy sarpHiippoBaHaara 
IlaiJiaAoi) 4^oiBK2opa, JEHKyDiqaro no noBoxy OTEpHria npoAiiOB'b^ 
npHSHaKOBi oAymeBieHifl... Ho Kasie 6ii xyrB «ee csumajTHCB^ 
asKopAH*, fl> K-B cosaJEiflii), He HHin BOBMOSHOCTH TpaTHTB AJUi 
BEXl BpeMfl H hIiCTO, H BOdBpa^aDCB R-B A^y. 

Mh SEaeH'B yso, tto SHSHeHHUM'b pflAOMi Buoigaro nopflAsa na- 
3UBaeTca bi <KpETHRt> lasoit psAi^v RoropBift flBJiaeTCfl BRJooHeHHuii'B 
wb APF^A* DpeAeraBiax)n4tt cofioio npoTORaHie co6uTift oSHAeHHOft 
SH8HH. CoBepmaexGH in pecTHTyipfl hjeh se cy6cTHTyi^ifl vb saRAix- 
HHTeiBHOMii OTA'i^i axoro poAa, bo bohroitl ciyqal, TaRi nn Hfiaqe^ 
BciaBo^HHt poA'B saRaH^HBaercfl h HaorynaerB HpoAOjaReme npote- 
Kanifl nepBaro, npepBannaro psAa. T.eHepB| BirboTo BUEJuo^HBinaroca 
Hsi pflAft BapiHpynn^aro soHOHeHTa ocTaeron jihiob totb hoctohhhhh 
KOMOHeHTB T, oHaCseHHuiTB EOTopmn BcerAa loicjiHToa BCHRas CHore- 
Ma C. EaiH ROMOHeHTB BTOTb HO npeTopirlBaeT'L BTopxeHifl bt> pflA^ 
HOBaro Bapinpyni^aro ROMOMeHia, to saRSD^HTeiLHoe HSiiiHeHie pflA^ 
aepBaro nopaARa OTaHOBHTca ofiesneHOHHiuTL h saTi^u'B AOCTHraexca 
saBepmeHie h Bcero SH3HeHHaro paAa. 

OcTaeTOH npHfiaBHTb, qro HaiftneHHoe Bume HscjiiAOBaHie yRJis^a. 
sKHSHeHHaro pHAa no ero ^acTHiTB .oxBaTHBaeTi cofiutifl shbhh bo 
Bceu'B Hxi pa8Hoo6pa3iH. Ha^aiBHoe HsiiiHeHie BcerAa cooTBtTOTfiyerB 
^unompe^Hocmu*, RaRon 6u ara nooilAH&a hh HBiajiacB; saTtifB, 
cpoAHifl HSHiHeHui npeAGTaBJiflurb nocpeACTByDnua dBOHBH STott ntnn: 
npieMu^ cnoeo6u, Memodu^ noMonijBiD ROTopHXi HHAHBHA^b AocxHraerb^ 
tydoeAemeopeHMT^y cooTBiTCTByDn^aro Tony Basm^HTeJiBHOMy coctoh- 
HiH), ROTopoe saHHHaerB co6oh) pjiA'B h hphboahtb cHcreMy C., BnpeAB 

AG nOCTanOBRH HOBOft SH3Hepa3H0CTH, Kb HCROMOHy paBHOBJlCiK). 

^0 CHXi nop'b loi npHBieRaiE Ri HSjrbAOBaHiio mniB OAHy ot- 
A^JiBHO-BBflTyD CHCTevy C. TenepB Hairb npeAOTOHTB pacnpocTpaEHTB^ 
AO^HTKLe pesyjiBTaxu cnepna na cooiHomeHie MesAy oahoh cHOTevoS 
H RaK0]D-HH6yAB Apyrofi, a daxbiTB yarB mosho 5yAerB nepeftxH h r'b 
coeoKynnocmh ecfba;h cucmeMz C. 

n3Cj[iA0BaHie HawHaeica ci pascMOTpinifl cooTHomeHiH ^acTHHX'B. 
OHCTeiiB, o6pa3yK)niHX'b cBoen coBORynHOcxBH) cHCTOHy C. Hcxoahuu'b^ 



«HJI0GO«GKOE HACJIftAIE XIX-IXX B-fiKA. 259 

nyHETOMi cxjTKBTb 3j^B TOTB ojiyqaft, sor^a noGTaBioHflafl a^s ka- 
Kofl-HH6yAE» ^aoTHofi OBcreifii asHSHepasHoeTB yoTpaHfleicfl He axoio 
<;auos) cHCTeMOK), a npesfte nepeAaercji eiD ApyrHifb naoTHmrb ca- 
cTOMaiTB, noRa, HaRosei^, Bir&cri ob HSMtoeHieiTB, coaepinanmHMCA 

BT» OAHOtt HIE BiOKOJLhSBXb VtETb VtOpWWO-dd^TJiTb CHGTeiTB JOTpa- 

HfleTCfl SH3Hepa3H0CTb H A^fl nepBOHaqaiBHOrsaA^TOfl cacTeMU. Coia 

JiapaOCTB HaCTHUXB CHCTeU'B H 8Ha^6Hie dTOft COIHAapHOOTH AU CH- 
CTOMH C. BCKpHBaeTCa npH dTOlTB paSCMOTpbHiff AOBOIBHO HarJIflAHO. 

npHMipB orpHi^aTeiBHaro oiyqas hoz6tb ente lynme jschhtb 8to 
noJEoaceHie. OrpaBiflDin^aflGfl ajncorojieirB cicTeHa, nQ;v(epsHBae]([afl 
cnepsa apTTHHh ^acTfiUMH CHOTOMaMH, 176HTB jfb zonnk kohi^obb 
BGH) GEGxeMy C H BpH dToiTB GaMa norH6aeTB Birbort gb hoi). 

nORasaBB Ha SaaHMHOITB GOOTHOmeHiH qaOTHHX'B GHGTeHB OOHOB- 

njjo HHGJiB HSGjrIffOBaHifl, Hu HOseMB nepeflTH kb BonpoGj coot- 
HomeiDflX'B GHoreicB C mosaj co6oi>. Ha^HeiiB cb Toro, ^to npe;i- 
cTaBHiTB ce6t jsjA GHoxeini C, HaxojiKflm^Gfl bb TasoMB ^jflsi^oHajEB- 

•HOBTB GOOTHOmeHlH, TFO HSMiHeHUI OAHOt OTaHOBflTOfl JCAOBieiTB H3- 

viieHifl ]u& jKpyroft. Ecih nepsaa CHoreiia osaxercfl 6j[aronpiflTflOD 
Airfl Eo^epsaHlfl BTOpoft, to ^HSGnpoBame, ysejiHqeHiey yMesBineHie 
H yGrpaHBHie HsuiHeHift aroft nocjri^Het npoHaoBjieTB bb cMzicii 
noAOixcumeMfHOMh^ bb npoTHBHOMB ciy^ai oho oEaserofl ompuuameAh- 
sitMMh. ^BEOHpoBaBie MoaseTB 6htb npoHSBeffOHo npflfiiHseHieicB o^Eoro 
HH^HBHAa KB ApyTOMy, yAopsaHieiiB ero bb GBoefi o6GTaHOBKl h t. ^. 
yaoAHqeHie BupasHTGfl bb npiyMHOsoHm cHomeHifii bb giioco6ctbo- 
BaniH BospooTamx) cooTflOGHTejiBHiiXB ABBJEedi h t. ji,, yiieHBineHie 
H yorpaEeflie AOCTHraeTCH GOOTBlTCTBeHHZiMB BOSAiftcTBieiiB Ha AaH- 
Haro HHAHBHAa hxh se yj^aieHieiTB ero h8b o6oTaHOBKH irpeTepiii- 
Baiomaro. 

Hgxoahok) tohsok) HacJiiAOBaHia, RasB csaaaHO Bume, oxjmnnrb 
TO nojioseaie^ ^ro orxtiBHas ^aoTHaa OHcreMa ne HoxeiB noA^epsa- 
BaxB GBoero oynteGTBOBaHiH bb tomb oxywb, KorAa ooTaerca orpoa- 
HeHHOH) OTB jsfjTBX'b GHOTeicb; To^HO TaKase npHHEMaercff naiiH h ot- 
A'bABRafl GEGTOHa C, KaEi> HysAaDH^ajiOH bb noHoniHApyrHXB. Ecjni, 

nOIOSHMB, HHAHBHJTB T OOBepHtaeTB JI,SA HHAHBHAa M nooTaHOBRy 

B3BicTHofi SHSHepasHOCTH d, TO H81 bgIxb BOStfosHUXB ycTpaHend 
aToft SH8Hepa3H00TH d noGpeAGTBOHB npHSHaaifl T osasyroH ycTOfi- 

qOBHHH TOJITBEO Ti, HpH KOTOpSXB nOAAOpSHTCH H OaMB HHAHBE^TB T. 

iBoero Jiy^me cofiepmHTCH 8to wb tomb cjiy^ai, KorAa npH cRasaHHOMB 

yorpaHeHiH XHSHOpaSHOOTH yOTaHOBHTGH HeSAT 060HHH HHAHBHAaifll 

TaKoe eeoTHomeHie, npn HoopeACTBi ROToparo yoTpanHTGH ne tojobko 

d, HO H BCflKaH HHafl XHSHepaSHOCTB GHCtOMU C EHAEB^AA T; HHa^B 
rOBOpS, BB TOITB CJiy'^a'i, ROFAa SHSHepaSHOCTB d OdyGlOBHTB OAHO- 

BpeireHHO h wi HHAHBHAa T Taayx) ocofiyi) aRSHepasHOGTB, ROTopan, 
B^ CBOH) oTOpeAB, SyAGTB yoTpaaeaa noGpeAOTBoiiB yGrpaaeHia d. 

TaREKB o6pa3oicB, ^MB oSofodnne yorpaHeme aH8Hepa3Ho'cTH, 
Tfkvtb BB CojiBmeU oTeneHH oranyTB am HHAHBHAa T B03paGTaTB 

17* 



260 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

2RH8H6pa3H0CTH yse H6 CO cTopoHu CHCTeJfu C HHj^KBHAa M, a ca 

CTOPOHH OCTaJLBHOfi o60TaHOBRH. H ^tlTb 601^6 flOCTaBiieHHlIfl ffJIfl 

T xHSHepaBHOGTH nojiy^aDTB Tasoe ace SHa^esie h ajih M, "Awh 
Qojiie BjieKyTB owb sa co6o]d h o(rt^i>» cpeAHia HSHlHeHifl. 

Bee 810 npHioHHko hi nojmofl nipt h kx rpynni CHcreii'b hjis 
Ki) CHcreHaiTb xoMijpeta^bHMJic?^. 

BcflRaa KOHrperaiBHafl ' OHCTeMa, 6j]sf> to cemfl, o6mecTBo, rocy- 
AapcTBO, HaxoAHTB Tiwb 0ojie ^xaronpiflTflBifl ycioBifl jifis. CBoeft 
ycTofiwBOCTH, ^Awb 6oj[ie o6oiodHtAMu osadUBanxcfl ycTpaneHifl acH3- 
Hepa3H0CTeft, ^Awb 6ojrito offoSmeHuuMu flBUDToa caHua auBHepas- 

HOOTE H HilTB 60Jlie OHt flBJIRDTCfl B03HHKininUI HCKJDqHTeJIBHO HB'K 

o6cTaH0BKH, nocKOJiBKy BTa nocAjifi&E MOxerB c^HTaTBCfl bvI. CBflsn 

CB KOHrpenUTLHOD CHOreMOlD. 

BHflCHeHHoe Bume sHa^eBie MOiieaTa n ocraeTca k jifa KOHrpe- 
raJiBHoS GHOTeMU h noiy^iaerB HasBaEie KOHtpeiaAhuatoMOMeHmaiQuj 

COOTBiTOTByerB^ SaETB TO H HOHflTHO CaMO COfiOX), KOmpeiCMhHHii KO- 
MOMCHfrn. MOSHO AOIiyCTHTB, KOHO^HO, IipHJ[0S6Hie BTEX'B TOpilH- 
HOBl H AJ^fl OTA^IBHUXl CHGTeiTB C, HO TOABKO B'B T^X^B OJtyqaflX'B, 

KorAa MBT noBeAetf'B piqB o&b xaKOMX yBejiH^eHiH nHraHUE ejlsl pa- 
6oTU, KOTopoe HO npeAoraBJUierB co6ok) HCKinqoTeiBHoll oco6eB[HOCTfi 

OTJljkjLhBUTb HHAHBHAOB'B, a 06^60 yCJIOBiO BCtxi* COOTHOCfln^HXCa CH- 
CTOITB C H yS-B B'B BTOITB CMUCJii H AaEHOft OT^illBHOfi CHGXeMU. 

Hsi npeAmecTBOBaBuiaro ciAfjerb^ ^to npH AaJUBHifiineirB pa3<- 
BHTiE KOHrperajuBHUXB cEcxeirB noAA6psaTB cbod ycxofi^HBOCTB uoryxB 
TOABKo tiy ycTpaHeHie eAEHEqHBixi sESHepasEocTeft kotophxi ona- 
3UBaeTGfl 6jB[aronpiflTEUMi» noAAopacasin ycToftqEBOCTH BceS ROHrpe- 
rajEBHott CEoreHu. TaEifl OECxeMH noiiyqaDTB sasBasie najkootcu- 
meMiWAXb. 

OmpunameatHtM EOsrperaiBHUE oectbioi^ sanpoTHB'B Toro, nors- 
6aK)TB B'B cEjiry caHopasiosesifl, npoECTOKaDn^aro otb nooxaEOBJieE- 
HBixi B^ E^Apax^B caMofi cECTeMBT SESsepasHocTeft, E2E se noA'B 
BjdflflieM'B BsiniBEXx co6uTift, vb oejlj HOAOCTaTOuaro o6o6n^ecTBJie- 
flifl sn3flepa3H0CTeE, nocTaBjreEHSixi flSBsi. MoserB cjiy^ETBCE^ 
BEpo^eMi, mo cEcieHH 8TH ESUEiyTB EyTE ji,m Eepoxo^a Bl» nojio- 

HEieJlBSUfl. 

'^To6hL yflCHETB ce6fl yoioBifl aroro nepexoAa, pa3CH0TpE]rB cnepBa 

COOTSOmeHiE JIHEIB A^yXl CECTOITB: CECTOHU C EEAEBEAa T E CECTeHU 
C ESAEBEAa M. 06yCJIOBJ[eSSHa OTA'i^BSO-BBflTOK) CflCreHOK) T ESllt- 

soEifl nocrenesEo pa3BEBax)TB bi> cECTOMt M EdB'bcTByio "^acTHyio 
CEoreHy, orB eexii daBECEii^K). Biiflsie cflcxeMu T npE btom'b OEa- 
acercE t^m'b 6ojAe dsaiETeJiBHHH'B, ^itb 6oJiie opoAOTaBETCE e osa, 

Cb CBOefi CTOpOHU, nOABOpxeEHOtt COOTBiTCTBeEHIUI'B ESEiHeHiEMB. 

HsB^CTEBui ESMtEeHia M MoryrB, KaK'B mh SEaeM'B, nocjiysETB yoxpa- 
EeEiH) yrseTaDE^ett ee sESHepasEocTE, ho xasoe ycipaEefiie 6yAerB 
EHAEBEAyaJiBBHM'B. KospperajBEUH'B cTaEeTi OEO B'B TOMi cjoiy^a'b, 
ecjuE OEO oCycjioBETca ycTpaHeHieH'B xESHepasEOCTE y T. TaREirBoe- 



»HXOGO«CSOE HACJ['BAIB XlX-rO B-fiKA. 261 

/ 

paaovL, 6iaronpiflTHiimHMH ycioBiflMH acHSHeno^uepsaHifl M oKa- 
syTCfl Bi ToirB, TTO ero cBoreiia 3aflMeirB no oTHomemi) si> cHCTeui 
T BonoMoraiejTBHoe nojioaceme. Bi stoitb nepexo;^^ h oKaseroa npe- 
Bpan^oHie npexHaro odnocmopoHnjiio oTHomeHifl k^b jcTpaHeHix) SHSHe- 
pa3H0CTH BT> oSoiodHoe, mo paBHOSHa^yn^e sepexoAj 0TpHn;aTejn&H0ll 

KOHTp. CHCTOMH Bl nOJEOXHTeJEBHyK). 

npe^nojiosHirb ajui npimipa, ^o BxiflHie MaTepH Ha pe6eHKa 
;^ojiroe BpoMH cjiysuo jifia jcrpaHeHiE SEaHepasHOcioft y nooii^Hfllro. 
Ho^i 8THMX BJikHieiTB J pefioHEa odpasoBaiacB TaKaa ^acraaa cs- 
cTeMa, EOTopaa npH mmeHiH noHon^H MaTepHBi Bi^esamifi MOiieHTL eb* 
ueAieEHO »6 nona^aeirB sa SH3Hepa3H0CT&: — yBeiH^enui pa6oTS hih 
»e yMeHBmeHifl mrraHifl. ^onycTiurB jijuAe^ mo MaTB ^a6ojrtjia. iJKHS- 
HepasHOCTL MaTopE ooBepmHTB TaKEiTB oCpasoiTB nocraHOBKy shsho- 
pasHocTH H y pe6eHKa h coBepmfln ee nocpe^CTBoirb BapiEpoBSHifl 
KOHrperaiBHaro soMOMeHTa, TaBi saKi bi duowb 'Hmohho h saKjro- 
qaerofl KonrperaiBHOCTb o&kwTb chctcitb. BxaronpiflTHMmHirL bh- 
xo^JtoifB, oh6be;^[o, £Bjni6T0fl TyTL npoflBJ[6Hie BsaHMHOGTH, nepexoAi» 
cucTeMH C AHTETH BO BcnoMoraTOJiBHoe oTHOinesie ki CHCieirb MaTopn 
E cooTBiTCTBOHHoe CHiaM'b cnoco6oTBOBaHie yorpaHeHiiD ea SE3He- 

paSHOCTB. 

nepeEeceiTB lenepB AofiuTHft pesyiBTarB Ha rpyniiy^ QocTOflntyn 
H3B Coiie ifbuii AByx'B cEcreirB. 

EcAH KaKaa-HH6yAB KOnrperaiBHafl oHcreiia (combh, nieiiH, Ha- 
poA^B H T. aO ycnin yace o6pa30BaTB KOHrperanHBtfi MOHenrB h 
KOMOiieHTBy T. 6. paonoiaraxnrB EdBicTHoio, ycBooHHOJo yHpasHomeirB 

pa60TOCnOOo6HOCTBl), to BOHKOO yKJCOHOHie RaKOft-JIHfio OTA&JIBHOfl 

cHcreHH oiTB noiBsOBaHifl stod cnooo6HocTB]D coBepmaeTB no otho- 
meHix) KO bc^itb ocrajiBHUirB CEcreHaii^ nocTanoBKy aKH3Hepa3H0CTH. 
YcTpaHeHie aTHXi asHSEepasHocTefi MoserB CiaerB npoHSBeAOHo, eie 

OOOTFbTCTBeHHUirB E3lrtHeHi6inb npeABapETOJEBHHX'B yCJKOBift yKJKOHHB- 

meftcE otA'^JKBHoS CHCTOim, t. e. iipeo6pa30BaHieirB ea bb OMHOii 
cHcreMsi EOErperaiBHofl (oTBepseaie h ycTpaaoHie ea), hie se no- 
cxeneEHHiTB odpan^eHieirB yEJiOHHBmefica- ^opvu H3ir6HeHia f^h ^opacy 
KOHrperajanyx). (IIpHHaTie yKiOHeHia h npHonocoGjieHie vb neuj). 

Ho ycTpaHeniH bcAx'b SEBHepasHooTeft aioro poAa, y KOHrperaiB- 
Hoi oEoreMU ocTaiOTca toibko rb, npoHoxosAOHie kotopbts'b csAjiyevb 
OTHecTH Ki oficraHOBKi. mwb 6ojrbe coeAHHaDToa OTA^BHua ce- 
CT61IH AJKa BsaHMHaro ycrpaHeHia dTBXb sESHepasHOCTell, Tiwb 60- 
jAq ofiodn^ecTBjieHHHHH craHOBarca h caaEia SH3H6pa3H0CTE, a, cj^k-- 
AOBaxejEBHO^ TtiTB OHH H ycTpaHHifie. 

n BooSn^e: ^itb ycniniHle AooraraiorB ^acTHBia chotohh CBoero 
SH3HenoAA6p«aHia nocpoAcxBoirB B3aHHHaro yBeiaqeHia SESHeycrott- 
IHBOOTH, T^iTB 6jiaronpiaTHie ycjiosia noAA^psaHia EOHrperaJBHoii 
cHcrejoi, H o6paTHO. 

«n caKoe SiaronpiaiHtfimee h3i Bcix'B khcjihuiix'b ycioBiftnoA- 
Aepxaaia ofin^efl oHCTeMH osa3aj[ocB 6u ocymecTBJieHHHirB xorAa, 



262 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. ' 

KorAa noAAopssHie sasAOft h8% qaoTHuxi oHCTeirt coBepmaiocb 6u 
nocpeACTBoiTb jBejiH^eHiii susHeycTofi^HBOOTH ocrauHuxi h HHOAHa 
H3i HHX^ HO noAAepsHBaJia ce6fl jMenuneHieir^ aioft SBSHeyoToS^H- 
bocth; TaRHMii odpasoiTB, oxyuS, oiBi^aniqilt ooBepmeHCTBy otho- 
moHifi cHCTeifb, 6uxb 6h toti, Korxa BOflRafl oixl^BHafl ^acrsaa oe- 
creica, npn Hanfiojaineiii mhoihmoitb paiH^ems SBBHeyoTOft^mBOCTa 
HaH6ojuunaro wcia Apyrnxi oTAixBHSUCB qacTHUX'B chctbitb, a o6n^aA 

CHCTOMa, SpH flaHfiOJIEKmeMI IfHCIHKOlTB yBeJffi^eiUI SHSHeyCTOfiUBO- 
CTH BGJlKOd OTAiJIBHOt ^aCTHOfi CHCTeMUi MOFia 6u AOCTHTHyib BOJI- 

Haro oBoero aKH8HenoAAepsaHia». 

cTyn y HacL i 6yAerb, oi^AOBaTejiBHO, oamift fiiaronpliiTHiik 

H3l BCizi MHOIHMHXl Oiy^iaeBl. Hh OAHa H81 OTAiiraUTL CHCTeiTB 

He 6yAeTB ooBepmaiB nocraHOBKH asHSHepasHOCTeft toft ROHrperaiBHofi 

CBOTeHK, Bl OOCiaB'B SOTOpOft BXOA^Tb BCt dTE Ol^A'&IBHiUE OHCTOHH; 
B03HHKH0B6Hie SHBHepaSHOCTefi He 06yCJI0BJIHBaeTQfl 60Jlie COOiaBHHMH 

qaorauH ROHrperaiBHOtt oHcreiai, a hoxoahtl toibko on octaiBHofi 
o6oTaHOBKH. Bi ciy^at Tasoro pflAa, otajM ycToft^JiBOOTB aocth- 
raoTCfl, 01 OAHOft cTopoHu, OTpei^oHieirB Boosaro OTAlJiBHaro hsah- 
BHAa ooBepmaTB ycTpaHOHie sHSHepasHOCTH HaB6oiBniaro ^HCJia Apy* 

THXl HHAHBHAOB'B, a^ 01 APyTOft, OTpeHJieHieiTB BOtX'B HHAHBHAOB'B K'B 

ycTpaHeHii) Bcasoft SHa^HiejiBHOfi SHSHepasHOOTH bohsoS oiA^xBHoft 
CHcreHH; — oooTHocHrenHo: cTpememeMi Botx:B hhahbhaobi ki npH- 
6ji[HaEeHiD BoaEoft ota'^jibhoS cHOTeMU Ei yorpaHeHin ea asHSHepas- 

H06Teft». 

<mkwb 6oj[ie pasABHHyTUMH vh HpocrpaHOTBo h BpeMfl oxaHeiirB 
MH DpeAoraBJEflTB ce6i yciOBifl nojosHTenHaro pasBHTUi KOHrperasB- 
Hofi cECTeHii, TiiTb 6ojiie oGhihpeod h 6ojile onpiiueHEoi) 6yAyTi» 

OHH HaMH HUCJIHTBOH, T. 0. HHAHBHAH CyAyTB BOO 60lie H 60Xie , 

BsaHHOBaBHCHJiHiiH uoHaMH ^j^aro, H BMiori^ cfh ooiiafiiesieirB hxi. 
HHAHBHAyaiBHaro ^BOTBa 6yAerb BospacraiB bi hhtb ^ysotBo oo- 

JIHAapE00TE>. 

IIpoHSBeAeHEoe EsoJiiAOBaHie soHrperaiBHOft OEoreiiu AaerB bos- 
uoSHocT^ nepexoAHTB nps AaiBEMineifB pasBHTiE cRpflTEiui» otb paa- 

CHOTplHifl OOOTOflHiS HHAHBHAyaJIBHOft CSCT6HH K'B OOOTOflHUHTB CH- 

cTeMH KOHrperajcbHOfi nps BUHOHOHHoirB yse 3Ha?eHiH noHariE «se3- 
HeHHufi pflA'B» A^H Tofi E APT^^ft- He repEE hsi^ BEAy 8Toro'coo6pa- 
sesiE, MH saftMOMOfl TenepB BonpocoirB o eapiupoeaniu ofCfiSHeHuaio 
pnda nocpedcmeoMh nocmynameAtnaio paseumin cucmeMH C h bi 
dTEX^B BEAaxi noABepraeiTB npea[AO Boero pasoHOTptfluo nep€pa6omKy 
otcusneHuato pnda npucnocoSumeAtno Kh naMthHeHHOMy pedyMmamy. 
KoFAa ooBepmaeTCE noBTopHaa nocraHOBsa pflAa, to oamitt psAi 

MOSOTB, EJIH OOraBaTBCE Hefl8lciEHEDrB, EIS Se nOABeprEyXBCE S3Mi- 

H6EiH). IIpeACTOflrB no9TOMy BsrxflHyrB sa npoEBieEie Toro BapiEpo- 
BaniE, ROTopoe hugjieuo bi nooitAHeiTB eiy^ai npE yoAOBlE nociy- 
naTejiBsaro xoAa pasBEiiE CEOTeiai C. 



^HJIOCOO^CROE HACJ['fi;i;i£ XIK-rO^fi'BKA. 263 

TaKT» KaiLi noiyneHHiift pedyjEBtara mosctl oTHOCHTboa toilkd vb 
KOHe^moMj cocTOflHin pMfta, to npn paacMOTp'&His aioro cocroflEifl 
He06X0AHM0 HUtTb Bl> BBAJ npodo4aM?tfme;»ftMoci»t> HSMiHeaifl H OTenOHB 
yceoeHM bm jfnpcioicHeHieMz. 

npeAnoxoiKEiTLi ^TO RaKoft-HHfiyAb vB}SfiBEjsj> npzHflMaeTOfl sa 
HsyneHie hoboA, HeH3FbcTH0fl eicy ao Toro BpeiieHH, HayKH. *KasAufi 
ot;^^ 8Toft HayKfl nojiy^aerB vb npoi^eoci Bsy^eHiit sna^eHie sbs- 
HeHHaro pa^a: y Hero octb oboe noAroTOBBrejOiHHA yoioBifl, cBoe Bapi- 
HpoBaHie xoAa ycBOOHifl, oboo soHO^Hoe cooroflHie, yAOBieiBopflDn^ee 
HHAHBHA'B. ynpasHOHie HiderB SAicB oboid noBTopHOCTB, a ycBoenie 
CBOH creneHH biuotb xo oKOHqaTeiBHuxB. Ecm stM^ofi HsCyAB paA'B 
«noBTopHTGa, to KasA^ft uevB ero 6ojiie hjith MOHie ycBaHBaeTCfl: 
ycBaHBflHie haotb nponopnjiaHajcbHO noBTopHocTH, h Bpeiia, rpe6jio- 
meecfl a^ia yoTaHOBjeHia KOHeqsaro cocroflmji, coKpaniiaeTCfl. ^airbe: 
npH6joiH8HTeiBHoe, HeBipHoe, HeTO^Hoe ycBoeme ^ohob'b pflAa, Maio- 
no-iiaiy, BunaAaoTB, ^jiohh bth nepecianrB OTAiJUflTBca oahhb otb 
Apyroro ^yxAHun paxy maTaHifiMH h HeonpeAiieHHOCTflMH,— ohh 
ycTaHasjiHBaDTCfl TicHie^ paA*^ cTaHOBHTca ryn^e. H eme jtfijrbQ: ko- 
He^HBUi cocTOflHiH, 6HBiinfl nepBOHa^aiBHO yAaJieHEHMH otb HcxoAHaro 
nyHKTa, npH62Easax)TCfl kb HOMy, a r&, — HeonpeA&ieHHUff, HeflCHua, 
HeTBepAHff, — ^^OTopHfl cToajM K-B HOMy 6JIH3K0, HanpoTHB'B TOFO, yAa- 
jrflX)TCfl OTB Hero: Kone^EHH cocTOHHifl MiHflS)Tca uicTauE. TaRB haotb 
Atio noMHHO Bonpoca o xapa&Topi ycTaHOBieHHofl jifin paAa XHsae- 
pa3H0CTH; 8Ta nocjT&AHHa BHaqHTejFBHo ycjoamaeTB upoi^ecci. KaKOBa 
CyABTB nocraBjreHHaa XHSHopasHOCTB (sasA& SHaaia, npaETa^eoKoe 
npHJiOseHie, KOHKypcHiift 8R3aMeHB), TaRoft xapaRTepB npHMyTB h 
cooTBiTCTBeHHua ROHO^ua cocToania: cBasanHBia cb ycTpaHeHieMB 
sHBHepasHOOTH 6yAyTB yoraHOBJieHti paaie t^xb, cb rotopuhh xaRoe 
ycrpaHeHie ne CBaauBaeica, hjib nana ae cBHSuaaeTca, a bb TaROMB 
cjiyqai 8TH Roae^raBia cocTOaaia bhrid^tb h3b SHBHeaHaro paAa 
Apyria Roae^HBEa cooToaaia. PaaaBEMB o6pa30MB mosotb npoHsofixa 
a BRjiD^eaie bb paAi Hoaapo Roae^aaro cooToaaia, o6ycj[OBJ!reHaoe 
BHoro poAa noArOTOBROX). B'b Roai^i robi^obb xasaeaaHft paAB ycTa- 
HOBJiaeTca TaRB, ^o bb aea'B ocTaioToa tojibro Heo6xoABHue a^ 
ycxpaaeaia saaaepasaocTH ueau, ocTaiBBHe se BiiRiDWiDToa; ca- 
M£ift paA'B CTaaoBHTca ^epesB dTO Ropo^e, — ^npoTeaaerB CRopie a bb 
CBOOMB cpeAaeiTB OTA^Jni cTaaoBarca 6ojiie npaonocodJieBHuirB no ot- 
Homeaix) rb HaMiqeaaoMy peayjiBTaTy. 

06paTai[ca TenepB rb Bapiapo^aaix) Roae^naro cocroaaia, aacry- 
nax)n^aro jipa Aa2i>H'bfimetfB pasBBTia cacxeioi C. 

Ha^aeicB cb aiROTopux'B apoABapaTejiBaHX'B poBiacaeaift, aeo6- 
XOAHMUXB A^a nepexoAa rb Bonpooy o B£ipa6oTR'6 HipoBOsspiaia. 

npeAcraaairB ce6%, vro Ta aia aaaa o6cTaaoBoraaa R0M6HBa^ia 
3aEjiE)^aeTB bb ce6i noBTopase npasaaRa a Taaie ROMnoaeaxu, ro- 
Topfiie, npa uoBTopeaia, noaBJumrca nocroaaao bhobb, TorAa aaRB 
Apyiie — TOJttRO aaoFAa. 9th naunatw noemopHtot^iecH dJLeuemu miB- 



264 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

DTOff, Kas'B Hi^To cyn^ecTBeHHoe, J5M,i> ffbqTO, oiysamee jifa Biipa- 
60TKH noHflTifl 8T0fi oScTOHOBoqHoft komGhhsiph B^ HasoBeiTb ero b, 
Msi sHaeiTB jace, ^ro BHcsasHBame E aaBHCHTx ho oti offHoft 

TOIBKO 06CTaH0BRH, HO E OTB COCTOflHUI 6HCT61IH C. M 8Ta CffCTeHa 

Tose He ocTaeTOfl HeHSiiiHHoiD, h y Hea ecTs romhoh6htii, xaKse 
HaH^auie noBTopfl[K)n^eofl, h npHTOiTB He tojibko j hoh oahoS, ho h 
BO Bcixi "^ejioBilqecKHrB CHcreitax'B C. EasoBeiTB bto HaEwn^e hob- 
Topflnn^eecfl qepesi b^ 

ConocTaBHFB C 01 odcraHOBKOX) Rx, tfu saMiTEH'L, ^0 067C20B- 
jLHBaeMoe othh'l conocraBieHieiTB OHcreiiHoe cocroanie rjiaBHHM'B 
odpason Haaian^e noBTOpflDn^EXoa oGonxi paspsAOBii, t. e. b, h 
b^ n Bce se, oho o6yoiOBj[eHO hmh ihihb oiqaotH, TaR'B sairB no;^^ 
b, H b^ paayuieTOfl toibko ?acTb K0Mii0HeHTOBi» B h C. IIpHHHMaa se 
Bo BHHMaHie, ^To oooraffB Boasaro Koae^naro cocToania o6ycjiOBJiH- 
BaeTca, nesAT npowKii, a noArOTOBKon C, mm aojishu 6jjifiwb jifinj- 
CTHTb B'B $opMi KOHB^uaro oocTOHHia asBicTHHa nptmfbcuy ae oGy-- 
ojLOBieaaaa aa b, be b^ BupaxseaHua BBicsasHBaaiaica npaaicH 
i»Ta BMiiorb saa^eaie Bcero GioJioraHeoaa-aecocToareJiBHaro, nsiamaaro, 
npOTEBopiuaaro, HeyAOBJieTBopaTeaBHaro, cjiyqafinaro e t. a- 

y^acTB dTBTb npaaicefi aoserB OKasaTBca abohroid: y C ci orpa- 
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aifimaro pasBHTia oaa oooTaooaTeJU>ao 6yAyTB yAepsaHu, a naofio- 
poTB, npa 62aronpiaTHHX'B yoAOBiax'B paaaaria C, npaaicairB btbm^ 
B'B cooTB'bTOTBeaBOft Mipi npaAeToa 6htl BUKJUo^eaaEiiia. 

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cooToaaiaaa C a B, ao, oaepx'B Toro, BaioTarB fl ceO'l a ai&oro- 
pua npaaioa. TaaoMy cocroamiD «KpaTaKa» npaAaerB aasBaaie 
udiocundeMa (aaaojiosaiftinaro). 

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HMlionue SHaqesie npEaiceft, ao^seu noAiesaiB BHKjnoqesiiD, a 
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npEBecTa Kb yoTaaoBieHiD nocmoMHuaio Eoaeqaaro oooToaaia, apoxo- 
ABTB AO Toro OTaAia nodnocmoHunuxh. Ocyn^ecTBJUiacB wb xo^i hcto- 
paqecsaro npoi^ecca, noAnocToaaafiia o6pa3yx)Ti» paAH, oSospiaie ro- 
Topuxi» a fifi/erb ooAopasaaie acropia yMOTBeaaaro pasBETia. 

Hs'B aroro aaAHO, qTO Raax 6h aa 61120 fiesrpaaaqao yciaaoB- 
Jieaie noAaocToaaanx^ AJia apeaeaa axi BosaaaaoBeaia, oai ace 
Taaa ae MoryTi noAiesaiB aCcojuoTaoMy ycxaaoBJieaii), laai RaRi vb 
aaxi paAOifB ci ROunoaearaMa, oGiaAana^aMa nomon caaocToaTejirB- 
aocTBX), coAepsaToa a laaie, aoTopue npa }i,eabvkAmewb pasaaTia 
paAa aOAnocToaaaux'B oaasyTca noAiesa^aMa BHRJooqeaiH). 



4»HJIOCO«GkO£ EACmjSfR XIX-TO B'BKA. 265 

IlepeHeceK'L TenepB stotl AoGfiraft ajia HHAHBHAa pesyjiBTarB na 
^eiOBi^ecsoe ofin^eciBo. 

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HHZIi OTA'bJIBHafl IHIHOCTB npOSAO BCOrO ;Ufl CaHOtt Ce6fl H J^Uf CBO- 

ero SE3HeooxpaHeHifl, yHacjrt^^uBaercfl nepesHBamn^irB ary xh^'hootb 
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paXOBl HOAnOCTOflHHHJCb, yoraHDBJieHHBEX'L HHAHBHAyaJlBHHMa yOHJdflHH 

HHorHX'L iiraHocTed, E axH paj!^ npEHSMaDTCii yxe, Ras'B or^iJiBHue 
meREj j5ja sHpafioTsa hobhxii h hobutb paAOBi Buomaro h HaH- 
BBiomaro nopAASOBi. 

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HiiineD h cHJiBHtfimex) OKaserofl es cuohhoctb ki BBOunoqeHiiD 
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rtxi KOunoHeHTOBi, KOTopue npoAcraBjifliDTB co6oi) saBHCHUHe otb 
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HHAEBEAOB'B HEcmaro H HEasaftmaro nopflAKOBi». 

tUsi BTOro ojKiAyoTB^ ?T0^ ^iiTB BB 6oJiie noBAEee bpome po- 

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Bi ysasaEEoiTB Bume cehcxI^. TaKOft xoa'b BHpaGoTRH noAnocroEH- 
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60TEE nOCTOEEENX'B HaAO OTHeCTE R-B $yEE^iE npocTpaHCTBa E Bpe- 
HOSE. 

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pascMaipEBaBmeeGE, EHieTB nOAroTOBExejiBHoe no OTEomeEiio r% ycra- 
HOBjieHiD nocTOEHHofi Bsa^eHle. 

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ROTOpufi EaM'B npeACTOETB CA&iaTB^HaAO H6 TOpflTB ESli BEAy OCHOB- 

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wvbjLO Mera^ESE^ecEifi xapaETop'B e nomirajiocB 6U, noiosEMii, boo- 
EOJiBsoBaTBCfl jifE cBOflxi i^oft HpieHaHE, TepMEHOioriefi H SEaEaME 
cKpETEEE ^Eciaro oiiHTa», TO Ee BnaAafl bo BHyrpoHEee npoTEBo- 
pi^e, OEO AOiSEo 6h 61120 EsOpaxB cBoeD ecxoaeox) to^rod cs- 
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266 PyCCROE BOrATCTBO. 

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orpoeHifl paapymaeica Bolvi xoAom npeAmecTBOBaBmaro flsojci^^oBa- 
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B H E H EXh oooTEomeHit. Hkba nepexi rjiasaiiH aio SHaqeHie, Ke 
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cocTOflHifl C, oGjciOBJUieifaro sobtophoctli) cooTBiTCTBeHHot ^a- 
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roRpaTHafl», MoaserB, ohobhaho, othoghtbca h R'b qobtophocth ho- 

daBHOHMUXl HSMiHemS 0HGT6MU C« OTHOCflCB Vb TOWb H APjrOlTL GIJ- 

qai Ri rpynnaKi paaiE^HOfi CTenesB o6ii][eocte. lIosflTflo. TaKxe, 
qro H osa seEs6isso BapiBpyen, e hto nocrasoBRa oe rjl& Essiox- 
flaro BpoMeEE se osEa^aen en^e ro;^EocTfl es j^ie BCERaro BpeveEH. 
3x0 Eo npenETCTByerb saEi, ROEeqso, mbicjeetb TaRoe ROsoHEoe co- 
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BjiaroAapE EafiA^ESOMy eei cauoMy o6ufeMy nouMKum^ nE^vmji^ stotb 

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KaM'B. 

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flocTE EcxoAETB OTB Booro DpeAEiecTBOBaBinaro E30xiA0BaBiE, E emid 
B noTOMy, ^TO As^i'H'bfimifl HSMisesifl, RaR'B ECTopE^ecRE-ocyn^ecTBE- 
uutL jifiSL 6yAyniaro, Boe se TaRs mhciembi. 

B% npoi],ecoi Bupa($OTRE nocTOEESoft mu ocxasoBEiEOB sa ycxa- 
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AOiissa npoflTE es^e npoi^eccB npEdiEsesifl r'b coBepmoEsot nocro- 

flHEOft, OCB060ABTB0fl OTB SpECyntEXti Ofi EEAEBEAyaiBEUXl SpE3Sa- 



«HJOCO«GKO£ HACJIft/UE XIX-FO B-BKA. 2 61 

soBi H noABeprHyTLCfl BosAificTBis) KOHrperajK»HHXi Biiflsifi. Tojibko 
dTHMi nyreiTB Bupafioraercfl es Boeofin^afl jcraHOBHiiocTB. 

npHnouHHBi CK&saHHoe BHine o poiH E SHa'^eHiH Haeqame nb- 

BTOpflDBptXCfl (SOHeqHUXl COCTOflHifi), MH npH^eU'E KT> j6ixj5finis)y 

nTO ycTaHOBHBiniflcfl wb HcropH^ecBoirB npoii;eoci iiHAHBHjiyajiBHEis 
MHoroEpaTHHfl KBiciHMO-Bscmaro nopflXEa aojixhsi cqirraTBCfl HaMB 
HAlociHjteiraMH, cjiaraiontBiiHCfl m'h abjxi KoirnoHeHTOB^: BO-nepsHxi, 

Bdl KOHOraarO COCTOmiir, OtfoCHOBHSaDmEMCfl Ha nOMOmH nOBTOpflD- 

mHXca oCoHXi pa8pa;toBT» (b^ h b^ ) h, cBepx'b Toro, HSBtcTHiix'L hb- 

MtHBHifi, He odyCJIOBJeHHBIX'b b^ H b, 

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^noHOHTU '^epes'B a h npeACTaBjufl sartirb npnCjiHseHie MHoroRpaTHofi 

Kb COBepmeHHOft nOCTOHHHOt, MU AOASHU 6jJlfiWh OpHSHaTB, ^TO 8T(> 

npH6j[BseHie MHOAHTca jdhhib KaR'B yiieHBnieHiA a. 

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npH ocyn^ecTBJieHiH Bioro Tpe6oBaHla noay^HTca «aoHaTie Mipa>, or- 
B'bqann^ee ooBepmoHHofi nooroEHHofi. 

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nOCTpOBTBCH BCi HSOAHMHfl MHC^TOKpaTHBIfl. 

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npH6jiHseHie HHorORpaTHoft ri coBopineHHOft nocTosHHofi. 

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EBie pflAH, npeACTOHTB eme ocyn^ecTBHXB vb Gjjijmfiwb. 

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268 P7CCR0B BOrATCTBO. 

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HejAOCHO, a HTHOpHpOBaTB HIE Se SaMaXUBaTB HXl npooTO TasH 

noaopHo. SI noiaran nosTony, tto HETepeoyi)n(iecfl ^uooo^iefi h 
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nocpe;(OTBeHHO no ooHHEeHiflirB caHoro ABOHapijca. He CA'i^avB aioro 
npEAeioa ooraTBOii fiesii rxaBHaro EacrtjdJi Hamero Bisa i nepeim 
Bi HaGTynann^ee XX orojrbTie, nosajijfi, cb oahhitb toibko HES^eH- 
cKEiTB doraxem, lasrs HaBUBaenHxi, crjijCoKEX'L $exoco4»obb». 

Bji. JleceaNHv 



HoBHe MaiepiajiH no Bonpoey o Hop- 
MHpoBKt pado^aro BpeMeHH. 

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mxaiticato Orndftjui komucciu no eonpocy o uopMupodKfb padonato cpeMeuu, 
H8ji;aHHue hoa'b pexasiuefi npexc^xaTejiA stoio OxA'&ia H. H. AjuiH^iuLOBa. 

MocKBa, 1896 i. 



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maro no aTOMj noB0A7 '^^^ ROMHccii). Ha sth BonpocHHe jiiictu, 
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CJiOBa n. T. OcaA^aro (AHpeRTopa GyvaronpHAHJiBHOfi $a6pHRH): 
«nocMOTpHTe Ha sapt Ha ihi^o npHcyqajiBH^Ra h Apyrexi, — ^h bh bu- 

M 12. OiKkM% II. 1 



2 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

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cjieHHHiS pa6oqifi». Bi TaROMx se cmicji BucKasuBaeToi e n. n. Mh- 

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jioob CJHwmaTB,— roBopHTB OHt, — TTo 6y;^T0 6ii y paSowixi npioOpt- 
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Hflro nepioj^a mohx'b ho^hux'b saHflTit bi ^afipHR*!^ npHBU^RE 
8Tod fl npio6picTB He mofb, h b'b ROHirfi nflTHjr&THHro HepioAa 
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ss^Kh H npH Ha^aJii ero. E^aa jle rto cjanerB yiBeps^^axB, 
^To HBBpameHie ecTecTBeHHaro pacnpej^tjreEifl BpetfeHH bi npHpoAt 
MoaRon npoflTH GesHaEasaHHo a^a qeflOBl^ecRaro opraHHSMa. fl cRa- 
zd^^by HTO npoBeJTB ro^u npn HciioJiHeHiH ho^hhxi pa6orB n na Ge6i 
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BitiAHie dTo He 6iiHo js^lsi mohh TaRi nary6H0, RdR-B oho aojisho A^fi- 
cTBOBaTB Ha npocToro pafio^aro, noTony hto h naxo^HJiiofl^B'B HecpaB- 
hohho jiy^mnxB ycjiOBiHX'B: a MorB cHAtTB, Ror;i;a uni BSAyMaeTCH, 
xo;i;htb BCX);(,y no $a6pHR:& h ;^a»e bbixoahtb hsi hoh ne naj^oJiro, 
hto6h ^0J^H^IaTB ^hcthmt. Boa^yxoMB, T0^;^a RaRx flJia pafio^aro Bce 
8T0 sanpemeHo: ohb ho j^oJixeHi) ca^'i^TB, RaRB 6h BeiHRa hh 6Hjra 
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a y»B noAHmaTB ?hctumi> Bos^yxoMB, oco6eHHO B'B SHUHee BpeuH, 
oHi. MoaeTB pasBi tojibro bb $opToqRy, j^a h to nofl;T» CTpaxoH'B B3h- 

CRafliH, eOJIH 3aMtTflTB>. $a6pH?HHfi Bpa?B K. flsIlROB'B rOBOpHTB, 

^TO offB lacTo BHfl*jrB Ha CBOHXi npieMax-B «MOJIo;^HXB, ho yae hcto- 
ir^eHEBixit, HepBHux'B jiDj^efi, ROTopue saJOBajiECB na roJOBHua 
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TaxB owb Hep^ARO 6e3omH6oqHO yraABTBajTB TBa^efi ho^hoA cm^hu, 
ROTopHXB, no ero j6'isij[QEUo, npea^o Bcero Heo6xoAHMo nepoBeoTH, 
XOTH (5h BpsMeHHo, Ha j^eHHyro pafiOTy. Ecm mh bchomhhmb ycjuo- 
Bifl SH3HH ^afipn^Haro, to otjih^ho noftHOM'B, HO^eiiy pa6oqifi He ho* 
acerB jihom'b OTji^oxEyTB RaRB cji'i^iKyeTB he bi CBoen H36t, he bb 
c;i;aTuqH0H RBapTEpi, he bb $a6pHqHofi Kaaapiii, «h6o BORpyrB cna- 
maro, — roBopETB flsHROBX, — HeyMOJiTOo RHEBTB ;^eBHafl pa6oTa h rayw- 
HaH acE3HB C6MBE, pe6flTEineRB, yj[Ei^£i». Bb ;];0Ra3aTej[BCTB0 ecto- 
maiomaro BJiiamH HOTOoft pafioTH, r. flsHEOB'B npHBOABTB cjiijiji)- 
mie (t)aRTH: sa 1894 r. 6hiJio 4 cjryqafl nonaAaniH pyROt hoa'b hosi» 
HamBHu; h3b niLVb 3 npoEinoaiE bo BpeMs HO^Hoft citIhu n 1 b^ 
nocjit;][Hifi qaci Beqepnefi CMtHu; to se h bb 1893 r.: orpoMHoe 
^Ecjio paneHift na cTpHraiBHUX'B ManiEHax'B ciyMEJiocB ho^bd. 
fKorAaMeHaSy^HTBHO^Bi), — roBopHTT» r. Ashrob^, — a sHaio Bnepe^B, 

^TO 8TO EJIE B'B pOJ^EJJTBHK), HJEE aMUyTai^ia UaJIBI^eBB Ha CTpEraJ[BHOfi>. 

n. A. IlecROB'B (cTapm. $a6p. iiHoaeRTopT>) ^pHBo;^flTB 2 Tatfanipj, 



HOBfilE HATEP. nO BOnPOCY HOPMHPOBKfi PABO?. BPEMBHH. 3 

KpaoHopt^BBO CBEAttejiBCTByroniifl o BiiflHiH ho^huxi padoTB Ha ko- 
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OHi, — qTo jifiUEux'b pafio^Hxt 6hjiio ropasj^o fioiie, ^wb cyro^HHXi, 
n^pBue AaJiH Ha 67^% Menie HecqacTHUxi ciryqaeBT), n^wb nocjrbpde, 
a ecjiH MH QpHMOM'B BO BHHMaHle eii^e 5 cjyqaeB'L, nponcmeAniHX'L 
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cjiyqaH co CHepxHHM'L hcxoaomi, tto HMrocTpjapyeTca bo 2-h Ta6- 
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4 cjiy^aff, a bi HO^Hoe— 6; TasHirB o6pa30H^, xota pa^OTaDin^Bx^ 
jlHemb 6£uio ropa3AO 6oALnie, ^mi» Hoqniix'B, 8th nocjrbj^ie a^jth na 
20% 6ojiiBine cMepTHHX'B cjiyiaeBt. 

Jl^tgcTByff BpeAHO, HHOPAa Aase naryfiHO na 3;^opoBBe pa6oTOX'L, 
HOHHafl pa6oTa OTSBiBaeTCfl He6jiaronpiATHO h na Ea^ecTBt caiforo to- 
Bapa. no cjioBaMi A. H. BuEOBa (4>a6p. HHonoETopa), ^^peRTopa 
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no dTOMy Bonpocy, Bcer^a yEasuBaiH na fioJUBinoe, cpaBEHTeiBHo. 
KOAHqeoTBO 6paEa ho^d. 6i cOopHHEi mh BCTptiaeirb ^kioit paai> 
no;^Bepsj[eHid dToro, npaifuxi h EOCBOHHurB. n. T. OcaA^ft, o6pii 
coBaB^ SH3HB pafio^aro, soTopuft Bi^Ho HOAOCBinaerB, bi saEJioqeHie 
roBopHTb: «H m£i xothitb otb Hero Tpe6oBaTB pa6oTy, npaBnjn>H£j8 
yxoj^^ sa HamHvaMH, Ea^ecTBO h EoiH^ecTBO TOBapa h npoq.; c^ 
6ojiLHoro, TaE^ cEasaTB, qejroBtEa HOJiBsa TpefioBaTL paCoTH s^opo- 
Baro». C'BTtx'b nop'L, EaEi dasonoui 1885 r. seHn^HHairB sanpemeHO 
pafioTaTB CL 9 nac. Be^epa ;io 5 yxpa, ycjiOBia Ho^ofi pa6oT£i My3S- 
^HFB — no cjroBaiTB $a6pHEaHTa A. B. SoTOBa — cTaji[H Tflsejiie na 
Bctx^ Tix-L $a6pHEaxx, r^t MyacRia cm4hh ^epejiiyroTca cb aea- 
CKHMH: «T6nepB MyxcEEM^ cMiHaifi HpExoAHTOfl pa6oTaTB ho^bh) no 
8 HacoB-L no;jpaj[i, Mea;^y Tim EaRt npe»;i,e npo^^oJuanTejiBHOcTb 
HO^Hod pa6oTii o6BiEHOBeHHo He npoBBiniajra 6 lacoBi*. IIodTOMy ot- 
urtna ho^hoA pafioTH jujth Bctxii KaTsropifl paeo^Hxi* aBJaercja b-b na- 
CToamee Bpena en^e Ooji'be sejEaTejBHOD^. 

EcTecTBeHHo, 1T0 iiejuoBtET), CTpaj^aroniift xponaqecEoft ycTaiocTBi), 
MaHRHpyeTB nnorj^a paOoToft He no HeSpeanocTH, a no He;^ocTaTRy 
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neCROBT) npHBOJlHTL no 9T01fy noBO^y O^OHB RpaCHOpi^HBUfl ^aRTt, — 

a HMeHHO: npn nojuyqeniH CBin^Hitt o ROja^iecTBi ^0CTy^aH)^^HX'B 
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menie Hxt na ThxT> $a6pBKaxi, EOTopHa cb cpo^HOft pa6oTH nepe- 
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ro(j[K3Rift (jtHpeRTopij 6yMaronpaj^. $a6pHRH): ast oSniaro ^acja cjry- 
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Taist KaKx — no caoBSMX A. T. Fojiro^cKaro— napoAt b% ero pa6oi4 

nOpflAO^HBlft H AOBOJIBHO TpeSBUft (dTO BHAHO H3'B TOFO, MTO Ha 2000 

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0TAux% He CHorpfl Aa»e sa to, ?to otabixi> dTOTL hmx o6xoAHTCfl He 
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MOMi A'^'b, saROHi) 1885 r., OTMtHHBmift Ho^Hyx) pa6oTy seHn(HHi>, 
(j^aRTHqecRH pacsojTOJLi ceifbK) pa6oiaro nonoiaM'B^ Tas'B KaK'B My»- 
cRaH cMina CTaja ^epeAoBaiBCH ci seHCRoS h Mysii, Ha npoTasamH 
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KH HJIH yBi^HUlTL, BX OOJlbniHHCTBi^ SO CJEy^aOB'b CBOEMl 5 H 7 itT- 
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Haro j[B}Aa. 

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Heft Ha i^xi $a6piiRaxx, r^t yHH^TOsena Hoqaaa pa6oTa. 

Bl CBflBH CB BOnpOCOlTB Ofil yHH«lTO«efliH HO^HBIXl paSoTl CTO- 

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BoaLniHHcxBo npH3HaexT>, qio 12 qaceax paCoiu B'B AeHB— cjiaiu- 



6 PyCCKOS BOrATCIfiO. 

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12 — 13Vs qacoBOMi» paSo^eMi ah^. Ua o6iAi>9 hs^ npoxoAi m-h 
$a6pHRH H Bi> $a6pHRy ohi noiaraerB B'B o6meM'B 27, qaca, ciiAo- 
BaTejEBHO, paGo^ft ORasBiBaercA cBflsaHHBiirB eseAseBso cb $a6pHR0fi bi^ 
iipoAOJ[aEeHiH 14 Va — 16 ^ac; ecjiH npaGaBHTB cioAa Bpena, Hyssoe 
AJiA CHa, TO paCo^eHy Ha yAOBJEeTBopesie ero uoTpeGHOCTefi ocraeToa 
Bcero RaRHXi-HH6yAB I'A ^aca. die SHaHHTB, hto y pa6oqaro wbr-b 

CBOeft SHSHH BH'b $a6pHRH. B'B BHj^y 8T0r0, C. A. AeHHCOB'B Bupa- 

»aeTB seJiaHie, ?to6u HopMa pa6oqaro BpeveHH fiujia coRpanieHa 
no RpaHHefi Hipi, Ao 11 ^acoB'B bi cjtrh. dToro sejanrB h en^e 

HiROTOpue B3^ 4^a6pHRaHT0Bl> H J^HpeRTOpOBl <]^a6pHRi>, npH<i6in> 
6oji[Bmafl qacTB npHGaBarneTB 8to tno KpauueH Mttp^b.^ H. H. Ajibh- 
qHROBx B'B cBoefl AORiraAHoft sanHCRt (noMimeHHOfi bi c5opHnK'b) ro- 
BopBTB, ^TO c^ase ll-^acoBafl AOHHaa pa6oTa HOMOserB c^iflTaxBca 
Boo6n;e ;ierROH^ HHa^e RaRi npn noiHaicx h yAodHOBTB, He Tpe6yH)a^6M'B 
6oJu»nioro BpeueHE na np'oxoAi*, CHa6seHiH pa6oqHxi RBapinpaHH. 

^ifiCTBHTeJLBHO^Rlll qaCaMipa6o^fiAOISeHB npH6aBHTB, HMtfl OABHl* 

nepepuBi ]i,m inhi h 0T;i;uxa cpe^H ahh, Bpeiifl na npoxoAi* BsaAi* h 
Bnepejii (4 ROHi^a), na cfiops, na 8ana3A£iBaHie bb $a6pHRt cb y6op- 
ROB Ma^I^H^ h npEXOATi bb ^a6pHRy HicROJiBRo safijiaroBpeHenHO, bo 
H86i«aHie pncRa noABeprnyTBCfl B3B[CRy 3a HecBoeBpeMeHHyio bbk^ Ha 
pa6oTy. Bee bto Birbcr^ nep^ARo y pa6o9aro, sHByniaro Ha bojibhiiIX'b 
RBapTHpaxB, 6epeTB eED^e 2, jifioae 2^h ?aca. Ecjra npH6aBHTB CK);ta, 
HTo caMui odiAi* npHHHMaeTCH Ha CRopyio pyRy, cn'Inia, h hohth hb 
conpoBOSjijaeTCH otauxomx, to oRaseTca, qTo pa6oql& Obijtb 8a pa60' 
Toft HJiH Me»Ay pa6oToft, HO He na oTfluxi, ^acoBB 14'/,— 15- 
OcTaeTCfl OTB cyroR-B tooob-b 9— 9Va na coh-b h ^tflcTBHTOJaHHS 

OTABIXX (fl BMtK) B'B BHAy Ay^OBHilH II0Tpe6H0CTH), a aCOHn^HHaH'B E Ha 

yxoAT> BaceMBefi(nooTHpaTB, oGhutb a^toS, ofiniHTB bck) ceuBD, aHHorAa 
H nparoTOBHTB uHii^y)>. UoBTOHy niROTopue, bo E36isaHie pisRaro 
iLopexoAa, npoAJiaraDrB bbocth BpeHOHHO o6fl3aTejiBHUM'B 11-qacoBoft 
AeHB, CL TiifB, ^o6h noTOMT> nepeflTH Ri lO-jacoBomy. M. fl. Ko- 
hajLBCRiH ccLiJiaeTca na npHM'bp'B 6oJiBmHHCTBa sejitdao-AoposHux'B 
MacTepcRHXT) H HHorHxii ifexaHnqecRHXi) saBOAOBB, ta^ yse TOuepK 
paGoraiDTi) 10 — lOVj ^ac. ao6pobojibho, <HaxoAa TaRoft cnocofii. pa- 



HOBHE MATEP. 00 BOHPOCy HOPMHPOBK* P-ftBOq. BPEMEHH. 7 

6otH coBepmeHHo EpaBHjii>HHM'B». A. r. Po3eH6jiK)Mi» (cTapm. $a6p. 
MexaHHRi) jTBepxAaeTb, too ^epexo;^'B cb AflCBHofi pa6oTH b-b 13, 
14, 15 H AtasB fioiBOie qacoBi Ha 11 Moserx Cutb npoH3BeAeHi» 
cpasy fies'B BcsBaro yn^epCa aju (j^a6pE[&aHT0Bi> h pa6o?EX'L, h npn- 
Bo^qiTL Bi jnoEasaTOJiiBCTBO BTOro npHMipi» Hsi CBoeft JirnqHofi npasTHKH. 

Ha Ojl^Ofi RpyOHOfi Old'&itBHO-OTAiJEOqHOft $a6pHEi OH'B yCTpOBJI'B onuTB 

coKpan^eHiii pa6oqaro aha cb 13 aa 11 qacoB^: bi laRoifL oopaAKt 
$a6p]iKa npopaCoTaia nojiroAa, h sa dTorb nepioAT> «HicKOjaubRo nepe- 
Btcua Bfiipa6oTKy oooTBi^TOTByBOiD^aro nepio^a npe;^faiAyn(aro roji^a npn 
o;^HHaKOBO]i% qRCJii pa6oqHxi> h Gesi npHfiaBJieHifl MamHEi. Pafioqie 
crajiE 6ojiqpie, SAopoBM CaM£ie cjia6ue nonpaBHiHCB, bhbhtei k'b 
4)ej[BAniepy yHeHBmEU[HCB>. IIo MHiBiio A. F. PoseHduoMa, mosho 
nocreneEHo nepefiiH, He ooKpan^aa npoHSBOACTBa, h Kb 10-qaooBOMy 
AHD, TaiTb Rasx, Ha ero BsrjsA'B, «npH HHTeHCHBHOfi pa6oTi b'b 10 qa- 
coB'b HcqepnuBaeTCfl Bce B03MosHoe6&iTByTHAH3HpoBaHHHirB>. yiBep- 
SAeHieKOMHCciH «06ii^6CTBa oxpaHenifl Hapo^Baro 3ApaBiA> haotb ^aJOJiie; 
no efl MHiHix), ci> to^kh spiHia oGn^ecTBeHHot rnrieHH, cyTKB jiflsxBU 
pacupeAbiflTBCfl xaE^: 8 qac. Ha pafioTy^ 8 qac. na HenpepuBHud cohb 
H 8 qac. Ha oTABXi h yAOBioTBopenie ^nsHqecRBX'B h Ay^oBEBixi. 
noTpe6Hocreft. A. H. JI.epautBHH'B (saBt^yionuS TEai^EOft $a6pHK0&), 
Birborb ci ni^EOTopuMH ApyrHHH, ctohtb sa 9-th hjeh 8 qacoByn pa- 
6oTy, EaEi 3a H^eaii, Kb KOTopoMy aojdkhu orpeHHTBCH npoioiniJieH- 
HooTB H $a6pHqHoe saKOHOAaieiBCTBO, HO Kb ROTopoMy HyasHo noA- 

XOAHTB HOCTQfleHHO. HtO RacaOTCH CMiHHOS pafiOTH, TO COJIBfflHHCTBO, 

onepaflCB na onuTi» H'bROTopux'B $a6pnRi, npEHHiiaerL 18-qacoByiD 

B^ ABi CMiHU. 

BuBOA^, Kb KOTopoHy HpHBOABrB MaTepiaii, noMimeHHufi vb 
c6opHHRi, flcoBTB H HeoTpaBHMO yfi^ABTejieH'B: B'B o6iaeHi noHTH Bdb 

ZJLOfi, AABinie CBOH OTBHBU, COZBBJOVb EMJL qyBCTByiOTB RaRyiD-TO 60jIB- 

myx) HOHopMajiBHOGTB B'B HOJioxeEiii pa6oqaro; TpyAx, KOTopun necyrB 
pafioHie, H HBHypETOJieH'B, h HeAOOxaToqHO npoHBBOAHxejieHT; npesAO 
q^HB npBHEuaTB RaRifl-JiH6o Mi^pu jiJia. yperyjiBpoBaHiH shshb pa- 
6oqaro, hooCxoabmo nocraBHiB ero TpyA^ b'b Conte 3AopoB£ia ycjioBia 
«Bc* Apyria MiponpiHiiH, — roBopHTB T. H. ryceBi, — ^mokho cKaBaxB 
cwbjiOj 6edrb ooRpain^eHifl BpeueHH pa6oTii ho A^AyT^ fijEaronplHTHaro 
pe3yj[BTaTa». A. B. IIoroseB'B (cTapm. caHHT. Bpaqi Mocr. ry6.) 
BJbicRa3UBaeTCfl bi aioui ace CMUCJii: «He cTaneirB, Roneqno, OTpH- 
^aTB, — roBopHTBOHt, — ppoMaAHaro npoAyRTHBHaro anaqeaia ycrpoftoTBa 
KacTepcRHXi H XMJLborb notfln^eHifi ji^jlo. pa6oqHxi h t. Am Ti>n» ne 
ifOHte Hej[B3H He npHcoeAEHHTLCH Kb nocAiAHeny cxosy npoHHOJiOBOft 
rnrieHH, qTO lAaentbiituiiMz acMOtoMz ycnnxoeh npoHutUAennocmu 6% 
canumajpHO'tmieHUHecKOMz ommmemu CAyo/cumt nopMupoeKa puSo^ 
Ha%o dHjiT», 

B'B BHAy 8Toro, orpoMHoe 6oj[BinHHCTBO BUCRa3BiBaeTca sa HopiiH- 
poBKy paCoqaro BpeMOHH nyreMT* xoAaxaficTBa nepoA'B npaBHTejTBOTBOM'B 
oSi HSAaHiH cooTBixcTByioniaro 3aR0Ha. Tojibro Tpoe npeAiosHi? npe- 



8 PyCGKOB BOrATGTBO. 

;^ocTaBHTb BBeAenie sopvepoBKH HHBn;iaTflBt cemex'b $a6pHBaET0Bi>: 
ooTasBHEie H6 pa3o?HTiiBaK>rB B'b AasBOMi cjiyqa'b Ha eAHHOAyniHoe 
sejiaHie 4^a6pHRaHTOB'B, jiflSi ROTop£i]L^ AOcraTo^qHO fiuio 6u ojsfixrh 
pasiflOHeHift a peKOiieHAaTeJiiBHiiX'b Mtpi. cHamn xo3fleBa-$a6peEas- 
TH — roBopHTB E. H. TjceBi — Bt 6oiBninHCTB4 eme Kasj^Hfi ctohtb 
Ha no^i y3Rofi XHqHofi OBoeft bufoaU) MHorie BOBce ho HflTejUHreHiHii, 
a noTOvy npeAoraBJuieiaiH hmi Biiro^s nirb ne hohhthh hjih so npo- 

CTO CpaBHHT6J[BH0 VeHio BUrOj^HH>. 

Kasifl se Burofl^u osHAasoTca ]i,m ^afipHKaHTOB'B otb hopmhpobkh 
pa6oqaro aha? Bi* c6opHHKl mei BCTpt^aeMi hhofo yKasaHift na bto: 
CO GTopoHu pa6o«x% 6jsfiTb MeHBme nporyjioB'B, 6ojrbe BEHMaTejib- 
Eoe oTEomeHie e^ pa6ort, RaqecTBo TOBapa yjiy^niBTCfl; RpoHi Toro, 
BBe^eHie HopMBpoBEH, — no cjiOBairB oAHoro ^afipH^Haro BHcnes- 
Topa — «E0CBeHH£iin> o6pa3oirB aoisho 6yA6Ti> coAticTBOBaTb xex- 
HH^ecROMy nporpecoy npoH3Bo;];cTBa, h6o MHom $a6pHRH poROBBin's 
(56pa30]rB npiiHyaBAeHM 6Yjrjrh o6paniaTB ooo6oe BflHMaHie Ha ycosep- 
meHCTBOBaHie TexHsqeoROft CToponu npoHSBOACiBa, tto bi Ha- 
CToaiqee Bpeica b'b HiROTopuxi cjEyqaax^, fijiaroAapn HsofiHjriK) h 
AemeBHSHi paGoqnx'b pyRx, iiesHo en^e HrflopHpoBaTB>; HopMHpoBRa 
6yAeTB Bi> HHTepeoaxi caMnx'B 4)&6pflsaHT0BX yse no oAHOicy TOMy, 
qro Tor^a yHHvroHHTCfl HeoAHHaROBOCTB BeiaqEHU pa6oqaro ahh Ha 
OAHopOAHux'b (J)a6pBRax'b, rok r^aa co^jifi^erh HeoABHaROBim yoiOBia 
ROHRyppeBi^iH H flBJUiercH h^ /;io6ho& no OTHomoHiio ri KomfepqecROt 
CTopoH* npoHSBOAOTBa. A. A. ^ejiOTOBt (jijepeRTopt CyMaronpanHi. 
4^6pnRH) npflHo saaBJuieTB, ^to Heo6xoAHHOOTB coRpan^eniii EHCAa 
paOo^HX'B qacoBi na $a6pHKax'B BuauBaeTca «np6x;^6 Bcero Bziro- 
Aamx ^aepHRaHTOBx*: «Bl HacToamee Bpeiw,— roBopHTB oht», — Syna- 
ronpflAHiBHoe npoHSBo^oTBO aoothfjo laisoro pasBHTia, tto otb pa6o- 
qaro Tpe6yeTCfl ho CHia, a noHHHaHie h iobroctb, EaqeoTBa, ROTopua 
6yAyrB y paCo^aro, oToan^aro na Buomeft oryaeHH, qim pa6oqiB 
Tenepemnaro BpeMOHH. YpoBOHB paSoqaro ^noisoHi 6uTb noAaarB aa 
cTOJiBRo BHHie, qtM^B lenopB, aa crojibro Bume aanrB pafioqift — pa6o- 
qaro BpeMeai Rpinociaoro Tpy^a. KaRi ynaqToaeHie KpinocTHoro 
cocToaHia BHpasajiocB wb yiyqineHia MaHy^aRxypBoft npoannuieEHo- 
CTH, laRi yjnyqmeaie pa6oqaro GuTa busobotb no^'BeirB h yjiyqaienie 
ea Bi> HacToan^ee speiia*. 

3Ta HCTHHa, cnpaBe^JiiBocTB Roxopoft noi^xBepaJ^aexca onuxoirB 
sanaAHO-eBponeficROft npoauniJieHHocxH, mosoxb 6uxb npBBHaaa He- 
ocnopEMOfi; ho «nocHJ[BHBi m ri sepxBU, Roxopua yse ofiasaxejBHO 
noxpeGyioxca c% oxopoxK $a6piRaHxa> (RaRi saaqaxca bi Bonpoc- 
HHX'B jiHOxaxTi), xoxH, HO yGts^^eBii) HtttoxopHX'B, — xojBRo aa nepBoe 
BpoMH? 8x0 caifaa 6ojiBHaa cxopoaa Boapoca: oahh 6oaxca cjuBniRon 
fioJibfflBxi MaxepiajBHHX^ aepTB-B, Apyrie— cjiHmROM'B 6oJiBmott jomkh 
npHBuqaaro oxpoa ^afipuqHoA sh3hh, xpeXBH — ROHRyppeaiiiB cb 
JIoA3bio. A. A. $HiaxoB% (noMomHBR'B j^HpoRx. npa^^.-XRai^R. $a6pHKH), 
;^j[aa npH6iH3BxejiBH£ifi pacqeTi> b^ i];a^pax'B, npaxoAHXT> k^ 8aR.ii>- 



HOBHE MATEP. nO BOIIPOCy HOPMHPOBK'B PABOl. BFEMEHH. 9 

qeHiJD, HTo flpH nepexoA* ct cyio^Hoft pa6oTH sa 18-qacoByio Bt 2 

OMiHH, SepTBBI CO CTOpOHU^a^pHKaHTOBl* fijAyTl* HaSHa^HTOJIbHH H 

BnoDHi nocHjiBHii s,m hhii, oco6eHHO bi> bbay Toro, mo daeprui pa- 
($OHaro, npn coRpaiD^emH qacoB^ pa60TU, HeooMHtBHO BOBpacTerB, h 
xa^ecTBO TOBapa yjiyqraHTca. HocjiiAHee no^tTBepaAaeica H. H. Ajair- 

HHKOBHMl, KOTOputt Bl> AOEasaTeiBCTBO TOPO, KaK^ yBeJIH^BBaeTCfl BH- 
XeHCHBHOCTB paCoTH DpH DCpeXO^^i OTX 24 «iac, Kl 18, npHBOAHTl 

ciyqafi hbi coficTBeHBoS npaKTera; «Ha Mooxt rjasaxt,— roBopuTB 
OH-B, — cefiiaci npoHcxu;^HTT> nepexo;n» iKaiiKoft $a6pHKH ToBapan^e- 
CTBaHHKOJbCKoft MaHy^aRTypu Ha jsjdBMjio; ho h aa Aeanofi, t. e. 6ojiie 
TflsejoS cpaBHBTaibHO ci Id-^acoBoft pa6oTi, xEaii Bupa6aTiiiBaeT'B 
Bi qaci> Bi cpejiHeiTB ao 12Va% 60116 npescHflro. Ecm Ki dTOMy 
npaCiaBflTB to 06cT0flTeju>cTB0, ^to npn IS-^acoBofl paOorfc mojkho aa- 
HtoaTB BspoGJiHX'B Mys^HHi* xeamBHaHH, noApocTKaMH H qacTbfio Ma- 
lOJsiTflHMH, T. 6., HO cioBaHi H. H. AjiiBHiHK.»Ba, «6aite AemoBUMi) 
HapoAOMx>, AaTB TaRHVb ofipasoHi 3apa6oT(>Ki> BctM^ ^jrenaHi combh, 
KOTOpaa acHBOTB onjiomB h paAOHi bi ^aGpaqBUXi Kasapaaxi, a, 
ojL'&AOBaTejiBHO, yMeHBinaTB % He pa6oTaioa;Hx%, ho acHBymaxx wh 
xoaaftoEoiTB noMlDxeaia a Tpe6yDii^HX'B AonojiBBTeJiBaaro pacxojia 
(Kaaapmi, maojia, 6ojiBHHDia, Caaa, ofimift aa^aopxa np.),— <to yCb- 
;iHMca emfi CojiBiae bi» npaBieRaTeJOLBHOcra a noqra CesyfiuToqaocTH 
iS-'^c. pa6oTBr cpaBaaTeiBHO ctb 24-HacoB(ifi». ConocTaB.iaeM'b ciBTnu'b 
AftHHua, ROTopua C. A. ^eaacoB'B saeMCTByerb asi JoaHHaro onuTa: 
«Ha $a6paRi T-aa IlepecjiaBjBCROfi Maayit^aRTypu, ROTopofi a saet^iKr- 
Baji^, npaRTHRoaaJiacB CMtaaaa 24-MacoBaa pa6oTac^ 1848 r., qoith 
(Jeai nepepBiaa ao 1880 r. Ci 1880 r. no 1889 r. (|)a6pHRa paCoiajia 
ToaBRo AHeiTB, npa ^ewb upoAOJisaTejiBBOCTB AHeaaoft pa6oTu Oujia 
13Vi ^ao. pa6oqaro Bpeaeaa, He cqaraa Bpeiieaa aa o6tA^. 
Ob 0RTa6pa 1889 p., npa cbjibhoitb aeyAOBoABCTBia co cropoau pa- 
fioqaxi, ROTopue osaAajora oTi Taaofi nepealHU Ci^Rpameaia a 6e3x 
Topo Be6ojKkmoro sapaooTKa, 6bijia mbod BBejeaa 18-qacoBaa cMtaaaa 
pa6oTa npa yaejiaqeaia CAtiBBofi paci^taRa tojibko aa 15% a upa 
TOfi se paci^iaRi aja noAeaasxi p^Coqaxi, npa qeai qac.io MamHa^, 
npaxoAan^eeca aa OTAlJiBBaro noAeaaaro paCoqaro, Cujbto yaeiaqeHO aa 
20%. UepButt POA'B pa60T£i npa bobbixi> ycjKjRiaxi Aaiib BeGBMa6ja- 
ponpiaTHue peayjiBTaTBi, xoTa aicRouRo aaxe oxaiaeMBixi. CpeAaaa 
se sapaCoTRa sa 1892 p. 6ujia yse A'a GojimaHCTBa RaTeropiH pa- 
Coqaxii (npaaoAHTca Tafijiaqaa) aeiiHoru BH»e A^Haob, a B^ bIko- 
Topsx^B ciyqaaxi, PAt Gmi asHiaea^ caubifi nopaAOR^ pa'-OTU, 
aicROJiBRO Bume... Pa6oqie aa ctiuibro ocbob.ibcb ci bobbimh ncpHA- 
RaMa a BaAaao crapaJiacB, qio vh nocit^yionieai 1893 r. o6niaa uu- 
pafioTEa npasa BBaqaieiBao aospacjia b-b cpaBaeaia c^ npoABiAyn^a- 
MH roAaHa». 

MiaKi, BopMBpoBRa pa6oqaro apeaeaa bi yRaaaaBoa ^opai ne 
ypposaeTB, aaRi noKaBBn^afOT-B BunienpnaeAeaaBie ^aRTU, saaqBTOJiB • 
HUM'B uaTepiajiBauM'B yn^epSoMi j^ui ^aOpaRaaioBi; ao saio HoseTi» 



10 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

B6BuroAHo 0T03BaTBCfl Ha sapafioTKt paGo^HX-B, ]ifi& KOTopux'B ;](ase 
BesHaqHTeiBHafl noTepa 6jjifiTb ^yBcxBBTaiBHa. IIpH nepexo^t (r& 
24 ^ac. Ha 18, t. e. npn coKpameHie pa6oqaro BpeMenn Ha 25%^ 
cyro^Hafl npoH3BOAHTej[i>HOCTB aojishe na nepBoe speiuL coKpaTHTBca 
TaEse Ha 25% npH6iH8HTeJibH0; ho sorj^a— ho ciOBairB U. H. Mh- 
HO^BOBa — «pa6o^ie onpaBHTca orB npesHaro nepeyroMieHifl h hh- 
tohchbhoctb Tpy^a hx^ BospacTerB, to pa3HHi^a b% npoHSBojiHTeiB- 

EOCTH BKipaSBTCH npH6jrH3HTeJIBH0 BX paBMipl OT'B 10 — 15%. B'B 

TaROMi se pasM'&pt jMeHBmHTCH h aapaCoTORik pa6oqEX'B; ho 
TaRi KaKT* yMCHBineHie bto 6jsfiTb fl^n hhxi> BecBMa on^HTeib- 
HO, TO caifo coGoK) pasyHteTCH, qro 0a6pHRaHTu ;^oishh no- 
noiHHTB 8Ty y6ujD[B noBumoHieifB pasi^bsRH. TaRHMi o6pa80M'B, Bocb 
y6HT0Ri, npoHcmOAinifl otI BBe;i;eHifl axoi pe^opMEi, jipjoBBWb nacTB 
Ha $a6pHRaaT0Bi, ROTopue BOSBarpaAflToa, ao HtKOTopofi cxeneHH^ 
yiyHmemeiTB Ra^ecxBa $a6pHRaTa». Bi nojiBsy yBejUHqeaifl pacn;iHKH 
BUCRasuBaoTCH H en^e Roe rto, nanp. F. G. TepacHMOBi (AHpoRTop'B 
npaBieHifl npfl^Bi. $a6pHRH), A. A. $HJiaTOBi> h ;^p. CiiAosaTejiBHOy 

HtROTOpUfl SepTBBI GO CTOpOHU ^aepHRaHTOBl HOHSfitSHH. Ho HpH 

BTOHi* AaJieKo He B&k y61sAeHBi, ^to hx'b sepTBU (Tb irxboS no- 
RpoRTea B'B fiyjiiyn^eifB yRaaaaHuirH Buro^aiiH, xoth mosho cb hs- 
BtcTHoft AOJei BipoflTHOCTH HpeAnoxosHTB, ^TO acepxBu, ROTopuH o6y- 
cjOBjiHBaDTCfl BBAoposanieH'B npoHSBoj^cTBa H yMeHBrneHioMi* 6apiaifteft 
OTB npoAasH MOHBmaro ROJEH^ecTBa Bupa6oTaHHaro TOBapa, 6yAyrB 
nepenoseHU $a6pHRaHTaMH OT>iacTH na noTpe6HTeiefi; Rponi Toro, 
coKpameHie pa6oqaro BpeHOHH Morio 6u rapaHTHpoBaTB ao HSBicTHofi 
OToneHH npoMunueHHOcTB otb nepenpoHSBOACTBa h rbni <onoco6cTBO- 
BajEO 6EI 6u oojiafijieHiD npoimnrjieHHurL rph3hcobi» (A. H. Bu- 

ROBl). BonpOCB nOCJliACTBiflX'B, ROXOpBUI MOryTB 6UTB BU3BaHBI OT- 

liiHofl HoqHuxi pa6orB w HOpirapoBRofl pafioqaro aha, ho noiyuirB 
en^e onpej^jieHHaro pimeHiH. Ho coBepmeaHO o^obhaho to, ^o 
A. H. ^epsaBHHi (3aBtAyK)nUtt xRai^ROft ^afipHRoa) HaBuaaerB du- 
MMMoU: «Ci oAHofi cTopoHH, — roBopHTi oHi, — yHHTToaenie HOqHHXl. 
pafiorb H nepexoAi* na cHlHHyi) 9-^acoByio pa6oTy seiaTeiBHBi crb. 
ToqRH apinifl SAopoBBH pafio^aro; (tb jipjToii se CTopOHH, SHaqHTeiB- 
Hoe yHeHBmeHie ^HCAa pafio^HX'B ^acoBi* BssoBerb HiROTopuH Bpe- 
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MOPHCb IIIH««li. 17 

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pa6oTaTB H onaTB ei noABflsaHHUMH noAi mimKaiiH oreiuuiHHHMH 
cocyAaini! 

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ao^ra aa OAaoro npoasBeAeaia, aasaa^eaaaro j^ul 6oiie oCmap- 
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CTyAeaxH nacro o6pan^aj[acB E'b ina4^<|»y 0% flpocBGoi aanacaiB 

M 12. OtAix^n. 2 



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HOPECL mH^^'B. 19 

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BJia aaoro, BOinyDn^aro yaH Bonpoca. Ohb naxoAHJTB ao EOHi^a 
SRBHH Bpeaa cjri^ABTB sa BaacaMnniHa o6n^eoTBeBauHa co6h- 
Tiaxa. GaanaTia ero BcerAa ^Bura aa cropoai ojLsAuTb a 6e38aniaT- 
mxTh. Maoro sean^aaB cTyAeaxoE'B BcnoaaaTB cb 6j[aroAapHOCTBH) a 
jirio6oBBD nia^^i, aeocnopMaufi aayqauft aBTopareTB EOToparo 
AOJiroe Bpeaa tujirb saauH'B yEopoirB ji^a saEoca'fijiHXi neAaaTOBi, 
He xoran^BX'B npasaaTB sceH^any cnoco6HOfi pa6oTaTB na paAy vb 

2* 



20 P7CGR0E BOrATCTBO. 

HysHflHofi Ha BeiHKOiTB nonpHQ^i HajKii. Teuioe jvcTie IIlH^^a K'b 
sasAoft y^ameftcfl seHii^HHi, xaR'E ic aio en^e Bcrp&UDii^eft Ha CBoewh 
njTH oo^yBOTBifl, TaKi ^acTO, nanpoTHBi, npeojiiAyoKofl npespHrais- 
HOD HpoHiefi H He;^OBipieirb ki ea CHiamb, cocTaBJUuio, MoserB 6fiiTB, 
rjiaBHys) npHmraiaiBHyK) CHJiy, ROTOpaa BieRia sen^mtH'B vb senes- 
cidfi yHHBepcETeTB. MHorie hsi y^iBBmnxca 8;^^ seHomH'b npi- 
o6pi>rnmTb hotoitb .Hay^HyD HSsioTHOOTB, ne Haio, sipoflTHo, o6fl- 
saHu cBoefi RapBopoft DlH^^y. 

HlH^pi dHJTB oasecTO^eHHUHii BparoiTB BCflRaro ^pnajursica, eMy 

XOrilOCB, ^T06U yHEBepCHTOTTi thU'b XpaMOMIi HayRH Vb OaMOMl HH- 

CTOMi) cMBiGjrfc 8Toro CAOBa. A'&JieHifl Ha ^^aRyiBTeiu^ ahiuomu, no 
ero BOBsptHiHirB, ho cooTBiTCTBOBajiH ;];ocTOHHCTBy H a^Aa^aiTB ynn- 
BepcHTBTa, ROTopuft jspixewb oxyxHTB oAHHicB ToxBRO HHTepeoaifB 
HayRH. Owb seiajTB, v£o6ii btotb xpavB Gujtb obo6oaho otrpbttb 
jifiE BCJiRaro, ^To6'B TyAa 6e8i tfaiiftmnxi oricHeHift KorB bxoahtb 
RasAufi H RorAa^ yroAHo, y^EtBOH h paSoiaiB RaRi h neicy eMy 
dadiaropasoyAHTGH. TaRifl BAeaiBHSUi BOdspfcHin, rohbuo, 6£U[HHeocy- 
H^ecTBHMU. Ho ^TO RacaiocB j[H?HO IIlH$$.a, OHi BcerAa nociynajLii 
coo6pa8HO dTHiTB CBOHM'B BZTSBfljMTb. Ero ayAHTopiH H ja6opaTopiH 
61UH oTRpuTK BoerAa h a^ soixi. 

OAHasi^a, roAa ^eiupe lony naaaAi, yHHBepcHreTCRift ooBirB na- 
men Hysmufx yoEJiHTB rohtpojib 8a nociiaaDm^HMH JieRipH. HysHo 
8aMiTHTB, ^TO HJiaTa 3a J[eR^iH xa^tb bi nojBsy npo^ecoopoBii, no- 
jLyqaiDJi^xi Boo6n^e vb IIlBefiii,apiH BecBHa cRponnoe saioBanie h, 
cuaio 6BITB, dTorB no6ouHiifi Aoxo;^ a^eoro hb 6e3pa8j[HqeffB a^ui 
npo^eccopa. Hto6u ycTpaHHiB bosmoshoctb co cropoHu cryAeHTOBi* 
noiBSOBaTBOfl cj[a6ocTBi> ROHTpoifl A^ CedHJiaTHaro uoc^i^eHia jieRi^ifi. 
cobItb nocraHOBHJix BnycRaTB wb ayAHxopiD toibro vbTb h3i> hhx%, 
ROTopue noiy^HJU hs-b yHHsepcHTercRaro 6K)po onei^aiBHyE) Rapxy, 

ROTOpyD OHH AOISHU 61IJIH HORaSBEBaTB nOCTaBieHHOHy apH BXOAt 

B-B ayAHTopix) na 8totb ciyiaft noAeJOD. Mipa sra Rpaine ne npa- 
BHJiacB cryAOHTain, t)^mi> CosAe, qio, no oCm^eicy ySizAeHis), ona 
cobcImi ho BHSHBaxacB Heo6xoAHMOCTBK). Bi (SonrnHHCTBt cj[yqaeBi>, 
eciH cTyAeHTU h nocin^uiH HHorAa iori^h npo^ocopa 6e3JLiaTH0, to 
TOjiBRo jiflB noBTopenU nn es'b oco6eHHofi jix)6bh Vb npeAMexy, ho 
yase nocil Toro, xaRi RypcB ero ohe npocjEymaxH h njiaxy aa Hero 
pasi BHeciH. HectfOTpa^ BnpoqoM'B, na hoaobojibctbo, mBefti^apoRie 

CTyAOHTH, Bli ROTOpilXX Ay^l* AHCI](HnJD[HHH ^peSBBI^aftHO pa3BHTB. 

CRplnfl cepAi^e, roTOBu 6hLzn yse hoauhhtbch btoS cTicHHTejLBHOd 
Htpl, ecjiH-6u He cjniAy^n^ift HHi(HAeHTi>. Bi BAaHin moahii^hcroh 

HIROJSH, TAi HHTBJI'B OBOE JieRII^ IQh^^^I, MH03KeCTB0 CTyAeHTOBl H 

CTyAOHTOR'B CTOJ[nHJ[BCB y ABepefi ero ayAHTopin h hhrto ho xotAjl-l 
BofiTH nepBNfi. Ji^iJLO Wb ToiTB, qio pimenie coB^Ta saciHrio MHorHXi> 
Bpacnjuoxi h ohh ho saxsaTHJiH ipefiyeujuxi RaprB. Ha mjwb bu- 
mejii HaxoAHBmifioH no6j[H80CTH aok^hi h, ysnaBi vb mdirb a^o, 
BucjiymaBi* npoiecru CTyAOExoBi npoTHBi ci^cHRTeiBHOH liipi?, ciai-B 



jroBapHBaTB cryAeHTOFL noOTHHHTBCfl TpetfoBaHUO coB^Ta. He ycntn 

0H1> KOHqUTB, KaEX CRB08B TOJIIiy, Cpe;^H myHEHZl npEBlTCTBifi H 

saflodi cryAOHTOBib, npo6paj[ca He bhj^hS bi» loioi BCJi'&j^cTBie cBoero 
MaJiaro pocTa HlHtj^^'B. KorAa owb noHfli'L wb newh A'i^o, joiTip era 
daciflio Ao6poft H BHicTi a'^tckh JnysaBOtt jjiiiI^roh h oh^ ci shbogtld 
o6paTHjrcfl rx croflBmeMy 7 ABeps ueffisu): cHy, a iieHfl-To bu npo- 
nyoTHie? SI vkjif> Tose He miii) RapT£i!» ne^ejrB, roho^ieo, ho^tb- 
TejbHO nocTOpoHHiofl H Afti^ 6vy Aopory; Torxa inn^^'b, oGpam^aacB 
Ri cTyxeHTaM'B, cRasajn: cRto hsi Bacx xo^en boAth fiesi RapxH, 
HAHie sa KHoft!» Tojina cryAOHTOBi, annjiOAHpyfl h Beceio cifiaoB^ 
BCfl BopBaiacB sa DlH^^oirL h pasciJiacB fiBictpo no MicTam. IIIh^^ 
H CTyAesTU ciajiH otb yAOBOJiBCTBia, RaRi a^th pa^yflCB cBoefi npo- 
A^JiRt. Ho, npHHflBi cepBesHiifi bea^, IIIh^^'b oRasajTB, qro, a'&hct- 
BHTeiBHO, coBirB Ha ero npocB6y aatb eiiy Gojrite npocTopEyD aajiy 
A2H xeRi^fl, oTBiTHJTB, HTO y Horo noioBHHa oiymaTejieft no Rpaftneft 
Mipt He HJOfaTflTB, qro vb npomiOMi ro^y, sanpHMbpi, y Hero no- 
ctn^ajiH SesniaTHO JIeR^iH 42 qeiOB^Ra. cfl aHaio, roonoAa, ^ro aro 
HO cOBotifB Torao H Aaso RaR^B pasii HaofiopoTB, He 42, a 24 neio- 
B'bRa, HO Bce-TaRH, jifisi Bamel co6cTBeHH0fi noxBSH, npoory rtxi hb'b 
Baci>, ROTopue ne maTHTB, na fiyAyn^ifi pasii cnpanmBaTB y Hena 
ii03B0jreHie, qTo6H a mofb onpaBAaTBca HepeAi coBiTOHn. nsBioTie 
061 aroiTB BHi](HAeHr6 pasnecioeB 6ucTpo no Boeny yHEBepoHiery h 
ooB'^TB BdfljTB o6paTHO CB0X> cAiiaBDiyDGH He nonyjiflpHoft irtpy. 

«MeHBniHHCTBO», ^aoTO roBapHBajTB noROfiHHSi/ «BcerAa npaBO, 
(jCo6eHHo vb Bonpocaxi onpaBeAiHBOCTH e HGTHflH», H OHTB BoerAa 
fiujTB Bi HayRi H SE3HH opoAE EsfipaHEaro jryqmaro HeEBmEHOTBa. 

OAHasAU Bi KesoBi o6pa30BaiocB o6n^ecTBO, Roropoe, no^b be- 
AoiTB ryMaHHBTX'B n;'6jieft noRpoBHTOJiBOTBa acEBOTHinrB, xori^io ao6htbch 
y npaBETOJiBCTBa saRona, 3anpeniaH)n^aro BHBHceRiciio. Ha Go6paHm 
dToro o6ni(ecTBa paacRasuBaiECB ysacH icy^eEiiix'B, rotopbotb y^eHue 
flRo6u noABepraH)TB shbothbx'b. IIIh^^, he RiMi> ne 3aMi?eHHui, 

fiUJI'B BX qEOJE'6 C06paBniEXCfl H HOSrOy BHEMaTOlBHO BUOXyntHBaJTb 

juaiteHTaniH opaTopoBi, naROHei^ ne BHAopsaJTB. CTpeMErejiBEO pE- 
Hyjrcfl owb Ha Raee^py, OTRy^a e^e ne ycniji* coSte RaRoft-TO orpoH- 
Earo pocTa RaTon^ecRiB cBflnieHHERi>, HanaAeHin ROToparo na seoro- 
RocepAie y^oHuxi ocofioHEO saA^JiE ins^^^a. YBEAaB'B nepe^^ co6ok> 
RpoxoTEOro ^esoBi^Ra, (tb CTjieHBTeiBHtiHE ABEseniHira^ ci jihi^om'b 
nojisHirB orpacTHaro HeroAOBanifl^ (tb fiiecrsniHM'B npOHEi^aTejiBHo 
ycrpeMJieHHiiirB na Hero BBopoin* H ciuma Bosnaon: cHIh^^'b, 4[»e- 
aiojrort IIIh$$'b>, — rojiocctb opaiopi ao Toro nepenyraacH, wo 6yK- 
BajnnbHO noTrn Ry6ape]rB cjserkrB CBRaeeApn. He o6pan^a& BEEHaHiH na 
8TOTB HH^EAeHrB, niE^^'B, Bl p^^H BOlEOft HeroAOBaHifl, pasofiiaHEjTB 
RieBeiy, jrEiieMtpie e xanseoTBo o6cRypaHT0Bi, TopHOSfln^HXi cbo- 
6oAHoe E30jiiA0BaHle, 6H^eBajrB lEicetfipie o6ntecTBa, 01 lauHE'B xo- 
lOAHHiTB paBHOAymieMi oTHooan^eecH ri cTpaAaniflirB cBoero tfiHac- 
Hflro E npomBaDo^aro cjeosh nec^acTHiixi iflryniRax'B h RpoxERaxi, 



22 PytXJKOE BOrATCTBO. 

KY^EMSOTb y^eHUMH. <npHxo;mTe Ko UHi Bx j[a6opaTopiK), ona 
OTKpKiTa AJia Bctx^, nocMOTpiie h y6i;tHTecb, 'ito rt Hec^aoTHiia 
SHBOTHUfl) cyAB6y KOTopux'b Bu TaRii 6JIH3R0 npHHHMaere £^ cep;^[^y, 
no;^o6paBu mhok) Ba yjini^t bi caHoni ysacHuiiii BHi^t, nojuyyiiH- 
paBmie otl rojoAa h xoio^ia^ y Mena-ae ohh co^epxaTca bx ;iobojb- 
OTBt H Tenjri. Hro-ae Kacaeica ^o mhbmuxx xecTOKOcieft, to HayKi 
ofijiaAaeTB lenept McrjmecTBeHBHMH cpexTtaMH aHecieaiH, KOTcpua 
fjbjL2iV)Vh onepan^H y 2;bbotb£ix'l sacTOJiLEO se 6e36oj[l>3HeHH£iMH, saK-h 
X y j[[K)Ae&>. 

^ificTBjrreJiBHO, no OTHomeBi© ki ffln^^y ynpcEX bx »ecTOKo- 
CTiixi HaATb 3KB» I PT- MB 6HJ!n> oco6eBHO HecnpaBeAMBX. Owh ^ya- 
OTBOBaai Ki BHMi, BeicjiBKO cocTpa;^aflie, HO Aaae poAt KaKofl to 
sisHocTB H jiK)6BH B, Eax6Tca, cRupl^e coFJiacBJica 6u noABeprayTB 
€aiioro ce6a EacoMy Jinfio My^HTejBBOMy oQUTy, ^m'b ZEBOiaoe. Owh 
nocToaHHo HanoMBHaji'L, ^to TaKyx) to BBBocesi^iK) Hy«Ho A'^aTL 

nOAl) CBMUWb rJiy60EHM'L BapSOSOH'B, ^06U B36aBflTB SEBOTHOe OTB 

HeHyxfluxi cTpaAaHiH. Maoro pa3i>, nepeAaBaa o qyacHXi* oiiHTaxx» 
Tj[^ noqewy jih6o aaecTesia no xapaETepy ouuTa iie Morjia 6utb yno- 
Tpe6jieHa, IIlB$$'b roBopH«, qTO y aero BHKorAa ae AOCTaaajio ^yxy 
npoBipHTB btotl crpamBO ujmhtcjii>hbih a^h SHsoTaaro oajbiTa. 3to 
^ooTpa^aTeJiBaoe qyacTUO ei> bb3iiimiii> sHBUMt cyn^ecxBairL asjaiiocB 
y Bero pesyABTaToui MHorojitTBeli a orpoMBofi c^epu Ha6jiK)AaTejiiL- 

HOCT0. Owb AO TOrO npOBBEl Bl> EHTHMHyH) Cyn^BOCTB BXl SBSHH, 

9T0, EaaajiccB, noBBMaJix axi CBoeo6pa3aufi aauEi. ^acro noEaauBajL'B 
OHi Baal AOJiro saBmyD y aero co6aEy crb seJiyAO<iaofi ^acryiiofi a 
cepBOsao yai^pajti, ^to cofiaaa axa ero ^pesBu^aJiao Ao6pocoBtcTaut 
H oosaaTeiTBauft coTpyAaaKi. Kor;^a mbi aeAOBtpiBBO s ch y^aBJie- 
Hieax yjiu6aj[BCB, inH^j^i ya'bpaji'L: «npaBo-se oaa qpesBu^afiao 
AOBOJiBBa, sor^a a noJiBsyiocB en A^^a Hoaxi> onuToax, a oTaaOBHTca * 
ipycTHOK) a KaRi tu c% yaopoifB caoTparb aa Heaa, sor^a a npo- 
xosy MEMO aea, nocii Toro Easi AOiro ocxaBjajTB ee bi noEot». Ko- 
ae^ao bto fiiua myxKa, ao b^tb aaqero yABBnTOJLBaaro, tto ctoib 
oioiniJiefiua sasoTaua, saKi cofiasa, ^OBtpqaBo oTaocaiiacB Kh 
nia^^y, laEi imaTOJiBao a36traBm6iiy npa^aBBTB bitb 6ojd[b, Taa-B 
BaaaaTeJTBHo aaSjiDAaBmeiry sa aaaa a aaxo^aBnieMyca cb aaaa bt* 
TasoHT) nocToaaaoMB ofini^eaiB. 

Mh yace ynoaaaajia, ^xo HIh^^'b a^oeo ae Gairb tojibro Tpy^o- 
ji)6aBHH'b a yca^iUBHirB Ea6aaeTB£iHi> y^eaiiiTB. OxopBaaaua xo^omtb 
<5o6HTift OTB CypaoS enoxa 48 ^o;^a, b-b peBOjnonioBayi) Bojay koto- 
poft dTOTB qejioB^RB, OAapeBEutt nujiEot a OTpacTaofi aaxypofi, ORy- 
Hyjroa Obuto cb pojiobod^ IIIb^^'b bocb inurB CBoeft jsjmE aaecib btb 
cBoa aay^BHO Tpy^u a coxpaaajrB ero wb asyMBxeiBBofi cstsecra 
AO caauxi npeRJioaauxi jkItb. Rto acnoMaaTB saRoe BceofrBeiuK)- 
lE^ee 3aaqeaie aaijia aayRa, aaRofi 6jieoTanufi nOAi»etfi» qejioFb^e- 
euro Ay^A i^apaji'B wb aefi, aa^aaaa co BTopoi aojioBaafi aroro cto- 
xkTia, TOMy cxaaerB aoaaTEEDrB, no^eay xasaa aaepraqieoRaa aa- 



ttopHG^ mf[<t^'h. 23 

Typa, KaK'b inH$$i>j Mor;ia Bceii,'fcjio OT;i;aTBca nayKi. To oK.ia enoxa, 
Kor^a Haj'Ki TpeooBajucB He tojibko cHJtbHHe jmh, ho, Moacex^ duTB 
emjd B-h 6ojiB!iiefi aLpi, cajBHae Ajxoii^ jiioah. To6tiJia jiioxa, Korfla 
HayqHyiD HCiHHy nyaflo 6ujio aacTasHTB npHsaaiB ne o;iiHHMi> tojibko 
nyteMi jrora^ecKofi h ciiOKofiHofi apryweflTaipH, ho h CMtJiofi, cipacT- 
HOft H MymeCTBGHHOH nponoBtABH). 

ynoMHHafl KaKt to 'o cymeoTBOBaBmeft oaho Bpeaia quasi-naysi 
$peHOJioriH H noKa3UBafl fla KaKHXi* HH^ero o6maro ct HayKofi He 
HMiiomHX'B, qacTO KypBOSHBixTi noJoaKenkx'B ona ocHOBHBajiacB, 
IIIh$(J)'b nepeAajn* MeJK,^y npoqajTB, KaK^ KypBe3^, MHtaie o neMt 
OAHoro $aHaTBKa $p<^HOjiora. Ilocjii o«ecToqeHHaro cnopa cb DIh^- 
^OMi, HanaAaBinnM'L na ero HayKy, ^penoJiorB, b^b flOKaaareiBCTBO, 
"TOO no BHtinHewy CTpoeHiio nepena mosho cy^nTB o Bcix-B AyxoB- 
.HHxi> CBoflcTBax'B qejoBtKH, ofi'BflBBj'B, TTO y Illfl^^a OHB flaxa;^HT^ 
niHniKy «ynopcTBaH6opB6M>. «Hy, na btotb pasi, bh cipaniHo oihh- 
CaeiecB!* saflBHjn* eny IUh^^x, «HirB qejoBtKa 6ojiie cnoKoflnaro h 
MHpnaro, niwb al> «9to BaM'B tojibko xaK^ KaaceTca», BospaaHii'B 
^peHOJOFB, «noTOMy ^to 6opB6a ;^o Toro cA'tjajacB Bamefi cmxiefi, 
^To BH ;^aae He HyBCiByeie, KaK-B ;^yx^ BaniB Haxo;^HTCH nocToaaHO 
Vb dopeniH, a noxoMy BaMX Kasexca, hto bbi caoKOBHu!» Dlfl^^'B 
jAu6Mca, nepe^aBaa btotb pasroBopi*, bh^hmo cMtacB fla;i;B ^aaa- 
TH^ecKHM-B 3a6j[y3K;ienieM'B ^penojiora, ho HaMx KaaccToa, qxo aocjiifl- 
Hifi oKaaajca vb /^asHOM'B cjy^iai ^liaiieKO He3aypa;^HHM'B aaaTOKOMi 
iiejiOBi^ecKoft HaiypBi, xoth, paayMieica, ne ero npecjioByxaa HayKa 

(SHJia Bl dTOlTB nOBHHHa. 

^pesBH^aftHo MajiHft pocTB, orpoMHaa roaoBa, ofipaMJieHHaa j^mn- 
HBiMH, na;^a2DninMH aa njie^H h npenpacHO coxpaaaBniBiinca bojuo- 
caifH h ;^j[eHHot 6opoAofl^ yg-j^enaKiMH ctA^SHOfl, oTKpuxBid, bucokUi 
io6x, cBopRaion^ifi^ npoHHSuaaion^ifi Bsopii nai* noAi* aaBacniax'B ry- 
CTHX-B fipoBei— TaKOB'B 6hjii oSjehk-b nia^^a, npoHSBOAHBmift riyOo 
Koe BHoqaTJitHie na BcaRaro, kto nepBuft paa-B ero snjf^'ks'B. ^yrRO 
oraHOBHJiocB apH 6ecfl}i,i cb HHin> BM^^epsaaaTB btotb npoaaKaionUt, 
xasajEocB, wb tjlj6ebj Ayina BsrjiflA'B, ho sa to HeaupasHMO npiaxfloe 
^bctbo oxBaTBiBaJio^ Kor^a bi» btoitb aJui nepaaro Bue^aTiibaia cy- 

POBOMT), HC^HTyI)^^eM'B BSOpi npO^HTHBaJIOCB 1T0 TO HeofiHKHOBeHHO 

KpoTKoe, jB[B)6fln^ee a BMlcTt auiJiBBOe. Ci* Illa^^oifi 6hUL0 aeofiBiKao- 
BCHHO npiHTHo 66ciA0BaTB; ero HHRorAa HeaosMoacHO 6bij[o aacTar- 
HyTB BpacHAOXi, HBEorAa owb He OTAiiBiBaiica oxi coded^^^aaKa 
Kasofi Ha6yAB Hia6jioHHofi ^pasofi, KaE^ 6ii yTOMJiea^ oh'b na 6iiZjrB. 
EanpoTaBi>, ero co6ecijiHaKy caHOMy HysHO 6hLJL0 6£itb nocroHEHo 
Ha cToposi, ?to6u ne a^tb cefia aofiMaTB na EaaoM^ nafiy^B ae- 
o6AyMaHH0]rL ojnoai Hia ^to6h yioBaTB chugji'b Toaaaro nnopa, 
KOTopuft ?acTO CRBoaaJTB wb p^qaxi IHaij^^a. 

Csaseui wb saRJiiD^eaie b'^ceojibeo ojxobti o ^acTO aay^aofi js^- 
lexBHOCTH nia^^a. Mu ne hosom'b asltb sa'^^cb ne tojibso oii,1mEa ero 
aayHHiixx Tpy;][0Bi, ho ^ase a okojibso HH6yAB noJiHaro hx'b nepe^Ha^ 



24 F7GGK0E BOrATCTBO. 

orpaHHHHtfCA TOXBRO jnoMHHaHieirB o Hi^ROTopHX'b HSi Haflfioxie^ 
BasHNxii ero OTEpuTid. 

niH$({rB cA^jnaji'B Maccy HdHCKamft ocoQesHO vb HepBHO-MyoKyjib- 
Hoft 0H3iojioriH. Ero nepBoe couHOHie vl btoA ofiiacTH, HanHcaHHoe 
wb 1857 roAy, npHBJieKJio BHflMame yqeHuxi loro BpeuesH h 6ujto 
yAOCTOoHO 6oshmot MoHTioHOBCRod npeiuH. Ho cb lin nopi IIlH^^^'b 
TaRi uHoro pa60Tajn> B'b aTOHi* HanpaBJieHis, tto cajri c^Hraai btoti 
TpyjTB yse noxepflBinHMi Hay^HUft HHTepecL, xota rjrasHHX'B noxo- 
senift, BHORasaHHUXi xaMi, owb ^epsajicfl ao soHi^a shshh. Owl 
y^acTBOBaJii ' bo iiHorHxi> OTRp£iTiflxi> Kji[0Ai>'B6pHapa; HtRoropue 
cj^^aJTB (TB HHU'b oAHOBpeMeHHO, A^fl MHorExi se BHecB BaacHfiie 
nonpaBRH h AonojiHeHifl. 

BejiB^aftniee OTKpKrrie bi> ^^HsioxoriH, RacaDn^eeoa BasoMOTopHuxi 
HepBOBi, npHaHosiBaeHoe KjroA'B-BepHapy, oGasaso wb Toi se irbpl, 
ecjiH He wb fiojibmeft, IIlH4[»$y. Ohi ropas^o paHBme KKo;^i>-BepHapa 
pafiOTajTB Ha^i* bthitb BonpocoMB h yse HHoro no)^roTOBHjn> usa. ero 
oTRpuTifl. Rjioj^-BepHap'B npoflssejii tojtbro 6ojAe ;][etfOHGTpaTHBH£ie 
OHHTU, AOKasuBaDiiue cymeoTBOBaHie BaaoMoropHBix'B HepBOBi* vb co- 
cy^ax'B, HO TOJiBRo 6iaroAapa HlH^^y ysnaxH, ^to RpoBenocHBie co- 

ejm ynpaBJIflK>TCfl ^ByHH pO^aMH HOpBOBl, BaSOROHCrpHRTOpaHH H 

Baso-paomnpHTeAHMH. Cyn^ecTBOBaHie nocjrb;^HHxi cj^aiooB o6iae- 

UpHHHTlIirB TOIBRO B'B CpaBHETOJEBHO Ho^^aBHee Bpexfl, ^0 npOJKHXO 

CBtTB Ha qpesBmaftHO Basnyi) h ofintHpHyx) c^epy flBJienift b'b o6- 
n^et naTaiorin. SHaneHRTaH leopin HeiHoreHOB'B, yaoHflDn^afl caiciit 
HETHMHufi nponieccB HHii^eBapeHiH, cosAaHHafl IIlH^^oirB y»e 6ojrbe 
30 itTB, Vb ooHOBaHie ROiopoS offB He nepecTaBan npHBOAHTB sa 
Boe dTO BpeiuE noA&BJuiDniyD Haccy BKonepHMeHTaiBHHX'B aoboaobi, 
TOJIBRO TenepB na^HnaeTB naxoAHTB Bceo6ii^ee npHSHame. 

CtpaHHafl cyAB6a ho^th SoJiBrnHHCTBa IQh^^oborhxi oTspBrrifi: 

OEE HJIH COBCiMl HrHOpHpyDTOfl 60J[BinHHGTB0]f'B y^IOHan) Mipa HJDI 

Bcrpt^aioTB HenoHHTHUft oTHopi H Eesexanie nxi npHSHaiB. MexAy 
T&Mi, HaiTB, sananTB oqeHBeme HOAaBHifi nepioAi BHHHamHR'BTOHy,. 

^TO A^aeTCH Bl» nipt ^HSiOJIOriH H MeAHQHHCRHXl HayR'B, npHXOAH- 

JTOCB He pasi BH^iTB fiieoramee noATBepsAonie bsfjuiaob'b Hamero 
He8a6BeHHaro y^HTejui. HeAaBHO eis^e MHinie, tto HepBi ne roh- 
wercfl TO'raao'B se hoa'b capROxeMofi tffnneqnaro HopBH^naro BoxoRHa, 
a pasBliBiaeTCfl jsfijrke HesAy oocraBJunoiaHMH ero BOJiOROHi^aifH na. 
TOH^aftinyK) ctiB oROH^anift, Borpi^ajio ho^th BGeo6ii^ee EOAOBlpie. 
IIlH^l^tl)^ HesAy TtvB Bik^Te^eme MHornxii jt&tb npHnamajTB rEoro- 
jLOTOvb saHHTBCfl oTiicRaHieMB BTHxi pasBiTBAemt. HxB cyn^ecTBO- 
BaHie fiuxo a^ Hero necoME'^HHO, 6e3i> eex-b 6uj[e 6u EenosaTHu, 
no ero HHiHiH), caHHH oceobhuh HepBso-HBime^Btifl EBJieEiH. Ha'^M- 
CTBHTejn»E0, HBAaBso $pasi][y3CRift rHorojiorB PaEBBO nocpeACTBOM'B 
ocrpoyMsaro HECRycEaro oRpaniEBaEiH upenapaxoBi* xjeophctubcb 30- 
XOTOMX noRasax'B axy oItb HepBEUxi* padBtTBjeHift. OTRpuiie txero- 
rena bb neieaH, btofo naBHaro EcroqEERa Tenia bb opraEHBui, h. 



MOPHCB mH^^i. 25 

caasaHHafl oi ehmi Teopis rjiBKoreHnqecsoft ^jhriph ne^eHs e^BajiH 
onpaB6j[(j[HBO np^nHcuBaeTCfl BoenitJiro KiojOi'b-BepHapy. DIh^jj^'b ot- 
Zfus.'b rjHKoreH'B vb ne^eHH no^s roAOMi paHBine, HasBaBi ero 
caKHBOTHUK'B KpaxHaj[OHi»», a juracoH^ecBift npHBOAHBoiS xenepB bo 
Bctxi yqedBBKaxi onuTB, AOKasuBaiomifi npncyxcTBie caxapa b'b ne- 
^eHH, npn3HaBaica niE^^oifB ao Bosii^a shshh HeAOCTaTo^HBiirB jifi& 
ofiooHOBaHia riHSoreHHOfi ToopiH KioAir-BepHapa. Y HacB, mhofo pas'B 
BHAaBQiHX'B BOcnpoHSBBAeHie onuTa nooji'^AHflro H ROHTp'B-oniiTa IIIh$- 
$a, He ocraercfl he iraiiiiinaro ooMHinifl, nto KjiOA'B-BepHapnb, a vb 
BEWh H 6ojr&mHHCTBo y^eHHxi omH6aj[BGB, h mu HaAteicGH, qro CKopo 
yqenufi Mipi piniHrB, ^bh Toopifl — IIlH^^a hjih E. BepHapa HaE6o- 
ite cooTBiTCTByerx hcthh4. 

Hejn>3E He ynoHHHyTB TaKse o HepBHUxi raHTJuiflX'B bi criHsax'B 
cepAi^a. O^eHb pacnpocTpaHeHHaa Teopin, npHUHCHBaDniaa vtmrh 
ranrjiiaM'B caoco6HOCTB A'^ficxBOBaiB aBTOMaTH^ecEH Ha a^tojibhoctb 
cepAi^a, o6yGJ!OBJ[HBaTB pHiifB cepAe^HuxB 6ieHifi h np., Haxo^Hia 
BiEi IIIh^)^^ oseoTO^eHHaro npoTHBHHKa. Owb npoHSBeJTB Maccy onu- 
TOBHb, onpoBeprann^HX'B ary he na qeiTB, no ero MHtHli), EeocEOBan- 
EyD Teopii). HeAaBEO en^e sasaBmaEca EeauGieiioft, OHa Ea?EflaeTB 
Bce MOH^ H Hesi^e npESEaBaTBCE y^esHicE. 

Ho He CTaEOHi yiOM jeatb ^EraTexE aTEVB cyxEMi e 6iTswn ne- 
peiHOHi pa6orb yqoEaro ^Esiojiora, o^iiaTB ROTopuft Bnojiffb ]s,axB 

Vh BTOMB BEjrb SaHflJTO 6u O^OHB MEOFO M^CTa E OABa-JEH COOTBtl- 

CTBOBaio 6a xapaEiepy nameA craTBH. Mu xot&ie toibko uoKasaTB^ 
RaRi EHorAa oamifl nioAOTBOpssE OTRpuTifl, caMUfl Rpynsua saoiy- 
TH He HaxoAflTB AOJnRHaro BHHMasifl e npESHaHiE. Heyseis bto sa- 

BEGHTB OTB TOFO, ^TO y^eEIIfl, EXB COBepEIEBIIlift, E8% pi^KOfi ORpOH^ 

EOCTE rEymajcGE ctoib o6h?e£ims Vb sami FfcR'B npieMaHE^ ^o6ti 
By^rapESEpoBaTB cbod cjiaBy? Boekce yTBeps^aTB, eo he jifin Roro 
He rafisa totb 4^aRTB, qxo peRiaMa Ha^EEaerB oBEBaTB ce6i rstojifi 
Aase E vh ope^i ^Eorofi EayRE, e npese6peraDnufl en y^oEfiiS pECRyerB 

CbTTB 3a6HT£»rB E OCTBTBOE EeESFbCTSBIVB, RaRB 6il BeJIERO sfla^e- 

Bie ero ee 6ujio. Ho HeSjiaroAapEooTB coBpeMeEEEROBi 6yAerB dx)- 
pEii;ei) EORyajieHa hotomotboitb, y^eEKE sacjEyni IIlE$$a EaftATTB, 
EaROEOi^'B, aogtoSeuxb i^EETeJieft, aBucoRafl EpaBCTBesEaa jte^eoctb 
OToro yqesaro 6yAeTB ropiTB epremb OBtTouB, ocBtmaDE^EirB nyxB 
OeaROpBTOTEaro, caMOOTBepseEHaro cjiyseEia soTEEi. 

8 0RTE6pfl 1896 r(via npoEcxojpxE noxopoEH IIlE^^a, yMeptnaro 
Ha 74 roAy cBoefi sebee. Oee Cwai fioiie, ^iwb cRpoKEU. Hpo^eo- 
copa ysEBepcflTeia, Ee6oj(Bmafl lOJEna CTyAOETOBi^ no 6oj[BniEECTBy 
EEOOTpasx^eBB, CiESRie APF^ ^ po^nue noRoftHERa npflnuE npoBO- 
AETB ero GRpOMHHft rpo6ii Ao MorHxu. Jifit o^^HqiaiBHNfl p-b^E, npo- 
HSEeceEHUfl HaA'B ero rpodoMi, toibro ycEJCRJiE BneqaTjrbEie o6HAHaro 
paBHOAyndfl niBeftiiapiteB'B r-b Aoporoicy noRoKHERy. CipaEEafl cyAB6a 
BfiiAaionitHxcfl JiiDAeft, sebeiexb e pafioTaBmExib js^iui cjiaBii msefii^a- 
piE: OEE piA^ on;iHHBai)TCfl npE sesee cboehh oooTeqeciBeHEERaifE* 



26 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

dxa xoJioj^HOOTB n]Befii^apii;eB'B Kb BMAaK)mHMCfl sacjiyraHX BLiEa3ajiacii 
B-L nopasHTejiBHOH cieneHH B^ npoinjioMT> ro^y Ha noxoponaxt Kapjua 
^orra, a HUH'ie IIlD^^a, Mea^y TtM^ mBeoi^api^H npHSHaiorL, tto 
HHKTO 60JIBnie 8THX1> fl,B'JTb JLK>Jie& 3a nocjit;iHK)K) qeTBepTB BtRa He 
CAtjiajii> jiflsi HayKH h cjiaBU mBefii^apcRBX'B yHHRepcHieTOBx. KajB* 
BHHB3Mi> Hajiojiro, Ka«eTCB, BUTpaBUji'L BJ* cepj^qax-B npaETH^H&ixi> h 
6jiiaropa3yMHiixi> nxBeSi^api^eB'L BCHRift BiiixoAfliii;ifi h3i> c^epu oCuj^eH- 

HOCTH HCRpeHHiH H nUJIElH A7IH6BHBli nOpUBli... 

n. JlesaiueB-b. 



HOBHH KHHra. 



Gedichte TOn Iwan Ss^witsch Nikitin. tjbertagungen von Friedrich 
Fiedler. (^Universal Bibliothek"). Leipzig. 

HoBaH paCoxa r. <I>HAJiepa — nepeBom* cTHXOxBopeHifl Hhkh- 
THHa — saKptnjiaexi. aa hhmti jislbho cjio>KH8inyiocH asBlfecxHocTb 
floCpocoB'^cxHaro h xajiaaxjiHBaro nepeBOzinHKa na Hi&MenKiS 
ji3HKi> npoK)3BejieHifi pyccKHxt jihphkobt.. T. <I)Hn;iepi> cxaBHxi> 
ceO-fe ^pesBM^aflHo xpyjiHyio aaflany: oh'b CepexcH nepejiaxb na 
^y^OMTi ii3fciK^ npoH3Be;ieHiH apKo HapojXHua, coeepmeHHO jih- 
mcBHUH HHxepHaixioHajiBHaro ina6jiOHa HCKyccxBCHHoft noaaia b 
npoHHKHyxfcia Bci&M'B CBoeo6pa3ieMi> Hapo^Hofl Maccu, ne xpony- 
Tofl HHBCJiJiDpyiomBM'B BJiiHHiewB BH^femHeft Kyjibxypti. 3A^Cb 
Bce — oxT. rjiy^HHU noHX« nepBo6uxHaro MipocoBepnaniH jio mcjio- 
Heft noBcejiHeBHaro o6Hxo;^a, oxi* CBoeo6pa3HiJX'i. HapoziHux'B 
o6pa3CB'i> H cpaBHeeid jio oco6e&Hb]X'i> phtmobi> cxHxoxBopHoft 
p']&HH— Bce Hy»cno HHOCjpaHiiy, h ueyKjiy x']&mi> Bce cxanoBaxcH 
eMy noHflXHuifB h 6jib3khm'i>, noKopHO nojmaBasiCB yM'^&jioft 
nepe^a^ife r. ^ajiJiepa. XapaKxepHo, hxo 6oJi'i&e Bcero CMy 
yAaioxc^ nepeBO^^u no hcxeh-^ jiyqmHX'B nponsBeneHid HHKHXHHa: 
npasnaK-b Hacxoamaro xyjioacecxBeHHaro jiapoBaHia; nepesoji- 

HHK'B-peiieCJieHHHK'B, JIOBKO BJiaA^^IOmift CTHXaMl* H nOBepXHOCXHO 

oxHOc^mificH K-b opHrHHajiy, uoyKevh cjiynaflHO nepcBecTH xopo- 
mo npecKBepHoe cxExoxBopeeie; pa6oxa noaxa-nepcBOji^HKa Hjiexi> 
ycni&mHo jihoib xaMi>, m^ nojiJiHHHHKi> flaext ewy acxexBHecKoe 
Hacjia^flCHie — nepe^cHBaeie npouecca noaxHHecKaro xaopiecxBa, 
I7^i& nocxoHHCXBa no^JiHHHHKa BAoxHOBJiflK)xi> cro. 

3Kajib xoJibKO, Hxo r. <&HflJiepi> jiopo^Hxi> He xojibko 6jih- 
BOcxbK) Ki* Ayxy opHrHHajia: ohi* cxapaexcH nepejiaxB oxx'^&hkh 
ero Bupa^KCHifl; xpyflHo CKaaaxt, hto jxjih Hero Ba^cH-fee, h HHoriia 
Bi» noroH'§ aa aocjiobhooxbio ohi> nojubayexai TaiaufH npieMaMH^ 



HOBUfl KHHrH. 27 

KOTopue ejtea-JiH cofl^ftcTByioT'B ero a-^JiH. HjxioTHSMM ropaaj^o- 

60Jl^e CBOflCTBCHBH BCflKOMy ii3HKy, H'^M'B 3T0 KaaCCTCH HOBCpX- 
HOCTHOMy BSrJIHAY, H nOTOMy B03MOKH0CTLK) IiepeBCCTH 6yKBajIBH0 

HaAO nojibsOBaTLCH cb BejiiiHafimefl octopojkhoctbk). Ecjih-6h 
nepeBOflHHKi» npejinojiaraji*, hto CTHxoTBopetiiH HaKHTHHa mo- 
ryTi> npeACxaBHTB co6ok) ajih H']&MenKaro ^HxaieJiH tojilko hhtc- 
pect 3THorpa$HiecKift, xorAa, noKajiyfl, noztCTpo^naH nepejxana 
<5ujn[a-6bi BnojiH'fe yM-^cxHa h saKOHna. Ho ohi. nepeBeJii. hxx, 
OHCBHflHo, KaKi> >KHBUH no3THHecKia npoHSBeAeHia; bt* TaKOMi» . 
nepeBOfli& jlocjioBHaH nepe;;aHa se scerja yfloSna. HsB'fecTflo, 
Hanp'HMi&p'B, ^TO B-h xaKHxi* roTOBLix-B, sacTbiainax'B o6pa3axi> 
HapoflMoa noaaia, Ka.Kt „MaTB-cupa bcmjih" hjui „cojioBi*eB€i» caH- 
crfeTt" coBepiDHJiCH iipoueccB xaKT* HasHBaeMaro ,,:'a6BeHiii BHy- 
TpcHHtfl (J)opMfcI'^ YuoxpeGjiflH xaK.;3 roxoBbuu o6pa3i», mucjib 
oxB/ieKaexcH oxi> ero ji'i&flcxBaxe-fitHaro cojiej>yKcimsi: ona ee 

HMtCTl, B-B BHfly HH npHnHCaXb 3eMJl']& B-B AaHHOM-B cJiyHa'6 

H3BlicxHyio cxeneflB BjiaMcaocxH, hh yKa3axb na cxoacxBO flaH- 
Haro cBHCxa Cb cojiobbbhum'b; 3xo oTBjieHenie otb peaJiBnaro 
CMUCJia oOpasa ji^oxoR^Th jxo xoro, mo b-b napoflHofl no33iH h 

B-B HCHBOfi piiHH M03KH0 BCXp-^XHXB HHOr^a 3XH cGpaSfcl CB SHH-' 

TCTOM-B coBepujCHHO HMT* npoxaBOpi^HamnM-B. Cep6cKaH Haponnan 
nos.^ia xaK-B npuBUKJia HaanBaxL rojioBy pycofi, ^xo pascKaau- 
BaexT>, KaK-B b-b noenHHK']^ cb ^apanHHOMB**, repofi oxc^kb euy 
„pycyK) rojiOBy". Hey^Kxo bb nepeBo;i'l& noarnHeCKOMB, priSCHH- 
laHHOM-B Ha B036y3KneHie xosKecxBeHHux-B SMOuifl, naflo coxpa- 
HaxB 8xy 6e3CMbicJiEay? H-fexB, ^^ceHmaji P>c?>" He sHaHHx-B ajih 
pyccKaro b-b name BpeMH xoro-^e, hxo p^nst iii&Mua 3Ha5HJio-6w 
„das heilige Deutschland", h ^cojiopBeM-B cbhcx^&xb" e;tBa-jiH cjii&- 
flyerB nepeBOziHXB „singeii als Nachtigall", xi&M-B 6ojii&e, ^xo h 
HapojiHafl p^^h HM']&/ia npH cosAaHiH 3xoro cpaBHeHi>i, Ka^exca, 
TOJiBKo CojioBBfl-PaaCofiHHKa HJiH ByAHMnpoBHHa. Hep-feflKO, npo- 
HnxaB-B nepcBOAB r. $0fljiepa, BM-fcoxf; cb BocxEmeHieM-B toh- 

HOCXBK) BHHOCHIIIB KaKoe-XO HeonpCA^JieflHO flOCaAUOe HyBCXBO: 
Aa, 9X0 OyKBaJIBHO, MeJI01HO-fl06pOCOBifeCXHO, HO, B^Jlh, 3X0 He 

TO, He xo: Habenichts He HaiUB 6o6b[jib, Fuhrmann ne naniB jim- 
mHK-B, Krummholz ne xa ayra, hoa-b Koxopofl 3b hhxb ^apB BaJi- 
Aas, H Eienspann, KOHe<iHo, ne Jiynnsa, oaho HaaoMHHaHie o ko- 
Topo3 cHMB0JiH3HpyeTi> Rjisi HacB n^JihiA Mipit. Bi&Ab, OTi* Faust" 
handschuh B-h pojin pyKaBHmj ne TaK-B y^B AaJieKo no KJiac- 
cHHecKofi rothe Mamselle. 

He B'h ynpcKi} nepeBOA^Bxy nanoMHHJiH mbi o6i» BTOwhi xpyn- 

HOCXH, CB KOTOpUMH eMy npHHIJIOCB 6op0XBCfl, HHoma npocTo 

Heno6i&AHMii; axo oco6eHHO iicHO bhaho ubi* xoro, hxo nepene- 
cefiiH Bi) H'l&MeiiKie cthxh pyccKHXB ctiobI) bpoa*^ Kaftan h Ssa* 
movar hpohsbojuix'b eme xyAtnee snenaxji'^Hie; ohh nanoMH- 

EaiOTl> MOABUfi pOMaHCb napH^KCKHX'B CyABBapoBi*: 



28 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO, 

•Fuyons, X4nia 
J)e mon isba 
Dans ma troika 
A trayers la steppe.. 

BoatMeM-B eme jins. npHM-^pa snaMeHHTyio ajieriio „BMpMTa^ 
3acTynoMi> ana tjiy6okslsl^ (Ha-b „^HeBHHKa ceMHHapHCxa**). 
Hejibsa CKasaxB, hto ona nepesejieHa flypHo; ee, no3KaJiyfl, 
TpyjiHO nepeeecTH Jiyqnie. Ho n^r-b sji^ch xoro, hto cctb y Hb[- 
KHTHHa: Birb axoft yj^HBHxejibHoft 6e3TiHCKyccxBeHHocxH, Koxopaa 
jiaexT* noaxy npano npHnncaxb cxHxoxBopenie cBoeMy yMHpaio- 
n^eMy repoio. 

Ho sa xo OHCHB xopoma y r. <l>Hfljiepa cTHxoxBopeniJi, vji^ 
euy yflajiocfc ypaBHOB-fecEXB CyKBajiLHufl nepcBOAi* Ch ^epe;^aHeft 
HacxpoeniH opHrHHaJia; mu aaMi&XHJiB y»ce, 'ixo axo name Bcero — 
jiyHmisi npoHSBeAeHisi HRKHXHHa. TaKOBu, nanpHMi&p'B, Meaa 
HMVjmna, nthcwi („3ainyMi&Jia paaryji^Jiact"), Vrnpo na 6^e%y osepa^ 
HoHAetz eh depeeufb, oco6eHHO nocji^Raas. cxpo$a: 

Und ein Bettlerbrod nach Jahren 

Herber Arbeitspein!. .. 
Eerne bier auf Gott vertraaen 

Und geduldig seinl 

HanoMHHMi> jiJisi cpaBHeHia noA^HHHHK'B: 

MosaTL rope, B^E'b xpyiBiHTBca, 

HHn^HiTb jMepeTB... 
Bote ^;^4 HysH0-6ii y^HTbCH 

MpHTL H xepiri^TBl 

IlepeBOJlX, OHCBHflHO, OICHB JJlSL^eWh. 

Mu xoxi&JiE-6bi yKaaaxB r. ^HjiJiepy na H^Koxopue nponycKHt 
Bi> KHHSKKi^, Hni&iomefi ai&JiBK) no3HaKOMHXB HHocxpaHHyK) ny6jiHKy 
Ch HarnHMit noaxoM-B, cxpaHHO ne sixpi&xHXb xaKHxi. nonyjiap- 
Huxi> H xapaKxepHHXi> ero cxHxoxBopeHift, KaKi. Coxa (wTh 
ooxa-JiH Haraa MaxymKa"), Vrnpo („3BfenM MepKHyxi> h racHyxt**), 
^fbdymna („JIucHft ct> 6ilJiofl CopojioK)") h jipyr. Ho xaJianxjiH- 
Btie H npoHHKHyxue noaxanecKHMii nyxteirB nepeBOflbi r. OnflJiepa 
sacxaBjuaioxi. CMOxpixt Ha Hero ne KaK'B na nexoBoro nepcBOji- 
iHKa^ a KaKi> na Hacxonmaro noaxa, Koxopud CBo6oAeHi> b'b 
Bueop-fe XeM'B. 

Eme ojXHO saM^HaHie — no noBo^y 6iorpa(J)HHecKoft aaM-fexKH, 
noMtmeHHod nepeBOKHHKOM'B bi* H'^MeixKOMi* BSAaHiH. Mu He co- 
BC^Mii uofiBMaeMi*, Hxo aacxaBHJio ero ^rycxHXB Jio 6e3o5paaiH 
HepHUfl KpacKH B'b oaHcaHiH jiOMamHeS o6cxaHOBKH HnKHTHsa h 
Bi> xapaKxepHcxHK* ero oxixa. Mh y3HaeMi>, hxo axMOC(J>epa, bb 
Roxopofi BBipocB no3n>, cocxoHJia Hai> KopB[cxojiic6iji, HeB'^xce- 
cxBa H rpyCocxH; o6i> oxn^^fe HHKHXHna paacKaaano, vlto ohi. 6ujn> 
YyKSLCom> ceMbH, nHJii* aanoeM^, C^n-h cuHa h, bi> cymHocxH, 
CBejiTi ero bt> MorHJiy: hh o^Hoft cB-fexaofl nepxu. Kxo-6h nofly- 



HOBBIfl RHHrH. 29 

najii}, HTO Ha caMOMX ji^n^ Cassa £BT^nqi> Hhkhthh'b, no c;io- 
saiTB 6iorpaj)a ero cuna, „5ujii> ^ejxoB^K-b saM'^^^aTejiBHO yMHufi 

H OTHOCHTeJIBHO 05pa3QBaHHUfi.... HM'^Jl'B . CBOK) MaJiesubKyK) 6h- 

<5jiioTeKy h xopomo 3HaJii> HamHX-b cTapHHHLix'B nBoarejied ao 
nyoiKHHa... JXaBax cuHy CHCTeMaTHiecKot o6pa30BaHie, OTem> 
roTOBHJi'B ero kI) yHHBepcHTeTy, usijykHCb bha'^^tb b-b HeMi> co 
BpeMCHeM-b jieKapa^. Jlna. xapaKTepHCTHKH OTaomenifl ueyscjiy 
omoM-b H cuH0Mi» r. <DHAJiep'B BuGHpaerB h^^ckojibko caeHi), 
Tji^ HecHacTHuft CTapaKB, noTepHBmid otI} CBoeft nary6Hoft h 5o- 
jitSHeHHofi npHBUHKH oCpasi* B no;io5ie nejioB'^HecKoe, aobo- 
jifljii* yMHpaiomaro cuHa ro Toro, hto totii Ha3UBajii» ero cbohmt» 
y6ifinefl. Ho, b']&ab, 6ujia h npyras CTopoHa. Kor^a chh'b bb 
lOKOJi']^ npio6p']&Jii> HadBanie „ceMHHapcKaro noaxa^^ 0Tem> 6us.'h 

^TEM-B OieHB nOBOJieHl> H nO KaKOMB BRCjJlh npOTHBOA^dCTBlH 
HaiCJIOHHOCTilM'B CUHa 0H1> He MOn> H AyMaTB'^ noTOM-B oTem> 
CTaji-B hhtb; ho h ba^^cb ohi» Ouji-b tojibko nepoBeH-B K7» cuny, 
KOTopHfl iuiaTani> eMy xoio-aice nepoBHOcxBio, IIoieMy r. $hji- 
Jiep-B He paacKaauBaerB o tom-b, hto „Korjxa C. E. Cusaji'B b-b 
TpesBOM'B coctohhIb^ TpyAHO 6LIJI0 HafiTH OTua, KOTopufl-6u xaKB 
KpoTKo H J11060BHO oTHocHJicfl Kh cuHy^'? IIoHeMy OBI*, pascica- 
aaBi) o cTpamHod caeH'§, xoraa cTapHK'B KpHHajii> yMBpaiomeiiy: 
jjllBaH-B CaBH'i'B, noflafi kjiioih'M — He tobophtb o tom-b, hto ot-b 
CMepTH cuna ciapHK'B ocynyjicii h onpsLXjr^jvb na AecaTB JiilTx, 
Chui-b npH norpeCeaiE rpesBi h KporoKi) h thxo njiaxajix. 3to 
npHAaJio*6u BceMy coaci^M-B hhoA kojiophtb h, 6utb MooKexB, 
CojiBine cnocoCcTBOBaJio-Cu osHaKOMJieniK) H'^&MeaKHX'B HHTarejiefl 
CB hcthhhhmi> xapaKTepoM'B nyjKAaro hmi* HapoAa, H^wb cnjiom- 
Hafl MasHfl HepHoft KpacKoi, tojibko noAAep^KHBaioniaE xoahhIs 

6aBaJIBH0CTH. 

nepeBOAi* r. ^HAJiepa HanoMHHJii> saMT* o caMOMi> Hhkhthh*^. 

Bl» 0KTfl6p'£ MHHyJIO TpHAUaTB HHTB Jl^Th Cl» erO CMepTH; KpOM*]^ 

ero seMJijiKOB'B, o6i> 8tomb hhkto ne bchomhhji'b. Ohi> nepexo- 

AHTB Bis pSlJJfil U08T0BB, KOTOpUXli 60JIBaie nOHHTaiOT-B, H^Wb 

HHTaiorB. A Me»CAy r^wh^ kslktb sa'^cb Bce cb'£^o, »CH3HeHHo, 
npocTOi KaK'B Bce hobo, kajcb ne noxo»ce na CTapnecKia co3Aa- 

Hifl COBpeneHHKX'B HOdTHHeCJECHX-B 3$eMepHA'B.. . 



JlM^PfiBTh Bepne. ConHHenifl. nep. nexpa Betaeepra. ToMiz I H U. 
Hsxasle ^KaHronpoxaBiiecKoft Cjuwweoa^ (2-e) Cn6. 1896. 

3to BTopoe H3AaHie coiBHenift sHaMeHHTaro H'^MeuKaro ny- 
ejiHUHCTa HaBOAHTB Ha rpycTHHH mjucjih: Hey»CTO tojibko bto- 
poe? Hey^KTO noHaAoCaJiacB ix^jisls. neTBepTB B^Ka, hto5u, naKo-. 
nemi, noTpeConajiocB HOBoe HSAanie npoHSBeAenifl nHcaTejiH, ko- 
Toparo eme Toraa naauBaAH ^sjieMeHTapHUM'B^' — OAHHifB bs-b 

T^XB^ KOTOpue, He OrpaHHHHBaaCB KaKHM-B HH6yAB H3JlK)6jieH- 



30 pyCCKOE BOFATCTBO. 

iTHMt cneniiajiBHUM-b BonpocoMt ny6jiHixHCTHKH, bcio cboio A%a- 
reJiBHOCTb nocBHmaiOT'B HCTOJiKOBaaiK) h samHrt t^xtb ochob*^ 
HKixT> HaHa;ii> oCcnecTBeHHoft 3KH3hh, kotopeia npHxoHHTca aaniH-^ 
maxB TOJiBKo no neiajiBHOMy HeztopaayM'^HiK). YKasuBajiH Torna- 
^e, HTO coHBHCHiH BepHc Moryxi* noxepHTB ^HBoe SHaneHie, 

COXpaHHH JIHIDb HCTOpHieCKift HHTCpCCB TOJILKO TaMl*, TJSJ^ OCy- 

mecTBJieHO yyKe Bce to, sa hto oht> CopoJicfl, h cauan 6opb6a^ 
OTomjia B'h oCjiacTfc npeflaniH — KaKi>, HanpHM-^pi., Ha ero po- 
JIHH^; Me}Kffy t^wb kslk-b y Haci> oht> ne tojibko hc ycxap^Ji-b, 
HO MO^et-B Chtb Ha3BaHT> coBpeMeHHUMt nHcaxejieM-B. He ycxa- 
p^jvh OHi>, — KaKt corjiacHTCfl BCHKifi, HM^^Binifl cjiynaft npncMo- 

Xpi&XBCa kl> XCH3HH COBpeMCHHOfl repMaHlH, — H flJIH CBOefl POJIHHH. 

Mh »ce 3a jtBanuaxB naxt Jii&xi., npoxeKraiect x^xt> pop-B, KaiCB 
BLiCKadaHo 6ujio 3xo MHi^Hie, ycni^jiH jihihb npH(3jiH3HXBCH k^ 
BepHe: najio pa3BepHyxB ero Ha jiK>6ofl cxpaHHU'fe, hxoCh npHflxa 
Bii H3yBiJieHie, jio KaKofi cxeneHH He3Ha«iHxejiBHH x^ BapianxUi 
ch KoxopuMH noBxopHexcH Hcxopia. 

Ho H He »xa ina6jioHHocTB Hcxopia jxaexi> ^h3hb B^Hayio 
coHHHeHiaM-B BepHe; npcifl^yx-B roffH, u bti cauoMB n^ji^ no* 
Kpoexca npaxoM-B 3a6BeHia tot'b saxxjiufi Mip-B, cb KoxopmrB- 

CopOJICH H-^MCIlKifl „KJiaCCHK*B ny5jIHIIHCXHKH*',— HO KHHrH epo 

6yflyxT» HHxaxBCH, noxoBiy-Hxo HHKoraa He ycxapifeioxT* flB-fe HepxH. 
Hxit aBxopa: mnpOKifi pasMaxi* ero B033p'^Hift h HCKpeHHOcyiy 
oxjiHHaiomaH bck) ero fl-fiaxejiBHOcxB. 

B-B OJlHOIfB ^aCXHOMli UHCBM^g, o6paOXeHHOM'B K'h GjiaTOCKJIOH* 

HOMy KpHXHKy „Kpyrjiaro rofl;a*S noKoflHKft M. E, CaJixHKOBi^ 

TOBOpRTh: ,,MHi& KaiKeXCA, HXO HHcaxejiB, HM'^IOn^ift Bl* BHAy He 

OAHH HHxepecu MHHyxbi, Heo6fl3BiBaexcii BticxaBJiaxB hhux'b HAea- 

JIOBB KpOMife Xi&X-B, KOXOpHe H3CXapH BOJIHyiOrB HeJIOBi&ieCXBO. 

A HMeHHo: CBo6oAa, paBHonpaBHOcxB h cnpaBeAJiHBOCXB. Hxo-xce 
KacaexcH ao npaKTH^ecKHxi* HAeajioB'B, xo ohh xaKi* pa3H0- 
o6pa3HU, HaHHHaH ci> KOHCxnxyi^ioHajiHSMa h KOH^aa KOMMiyHHa- 
MOMi>, Hxo ocxanaBjiBBaxBCH Ha sxhx'b cxaAiflxi* — dna^nxB ao- 
CpoBOABHO cxicHHXB ce6 si^ . (Cm. ymum^ Hs-b jiHTepaxypw ■ 
^h3hh) JIio6onuxHO coBnaAenle sxhx'b ojiobb cb BOdsp^Hiaiis 
Bepne. HpaKxanecKie HAeajiH h nojiHXHHecKoe noJio^enie ero 
poAHHu cocxaBjiHioxi> jiuiUB oCojioHKy ero npoHSBeAeHifl; Apyrie, 
HeHCHepnaeMbie HAeajiH, Me^KAy KoxopuiCH Buccnift -— CBo5oAa 
MUCJiH— xaKOBo Hx-B BHyxpeHHee coAep^anie. Bi> oxB^rB na o5- 
BHHenie, hxo b-b ero jjUapHMCCKHX-B nncBuaxi.** Hi6xi» HH^ero 
nOAOofcumMhuaio^ owh cnpaniHBaexi»: ,,HaAi» co6ok> bu HSA'^Bae- 
xecB HJiH M^HA xoxHxe noAHffXB Ha CM'^&x'B? KaK-B! Bu ^ejiaexe, 
Hxo6bi 51 HHcaJi'B BSiWh xpaKxaxu H paacysi^AeHiH? Bu xoxHxe 
Hxo6£i H roBopHJi'B BaMia o CBodoA"^ He^axH H o ixeHsypi^) o rjia- 

CHOMB CyAOnpOB3BOACXBi&, O CyA'^ npHC^MCHHXTEi, OC'B yHHHTOXe- 
HiH BCflRHXl* AeC5^XHHHUX'B HOmJIBH'B, o6l> OTU^H^ yHHBepCHXeT** 



I 



nonua zsrtil. 31 

CKHxi> rHJiBflift, o JiHHHoft CBoCozi^?.. 06o BceMis 3T0MT> npHKa^ 
^Kexe pascKaauBaTL Bau-b? Paaetb do mchh HUKtno He dthJiaAz emoxo?*. 
TpeCoBanie npoTHBHHKOBi. ,,o6o3HaHHTL nytb, no KOxopoMy na- 
pofl-B jiojiyscen-b coBepinaxB nporpeccHBHoe mecxBie", Kaacexca CMy 
AHKOMi.: BcsiKaH ero cxpoKa ecxL yKaaaHie Ha axoxi. nyxt, Hajxo 

TOJTBKO SHaXB tSl CUUCJl'h] Haj^O nOMHIiXB, HXO nyXCBOAHaH 3B'^3Aa 

He npHHecexi> noJibSH cJi-i&noMy. H cs^Tb^ 6poraeHHufl BepHC na 
jiaJicKia BepraHHU, Ky;ia flBHHexca axo caMoe „nporpeccHBHoe 
inecxBie Hapojia^', 6yffexT> MaaiHXB Jiionsiwh xoraa, Koroa nawaxB 
o ero npoxHBHHKaxi> coxpaHHxca JiHint 6jiaroflapfl ero KHHraMi>, 
Jlpyraa Bunaiomaacfl ^epxa BepHe— ero cxpacxnaa HCKpen- 

HOCXt. 

,,Axi>, OHH flyMaiox'L, ^xo h namy, KaK-B jipyrie, HepHHJiaMH 
H oioBaMH, HO a nmny He xaKi>, KaKi> jipyiie; a nHmy kpobbio 
Moero cepAixa h cokomi> mohx'b Hep60Bi>../^ E;iBa*jiH HafiAexcH 
HHxaxejiB, KoxopoMy HesHaKOMH axH cJiOBa; ohh saBHO BomjiH 
BT. o6hxo;p>, flaBHo cxajiH KpujiaxaiiH; npHXojiHxcfl, Kt coytceui^- 
Hiio, npH6aBHXB, hxo hx-b aaBHo y»ce BOJionaxii no yjiwx^- Hto 

Cfl-fejiaJlO HX-B XaKHMH 3KHByHHMH? B^B HHXl. H'^X1> HE OC06eHHOft 

rJiyCJ^Hu, HH Kpacoxu odpaaa, hh ocxpoyMia, cxojib xapaKxep- 
Haro Bi* Rxrb XBopu'^^. OjiHoro bi> hhx'b mhofo: npocxofi npaB^Bi. 
3xo noHXR He Mexa$opa, He BHOCKasanie. Bi> ttecaxeji'^ saMKHyxoMik 
H ropnoMii, npayHHBnieM'B cbok) ny6jiHKy 6ojiBine ki> xoJiOAHOMy 
capKasiiy, H^wh ki> cepAeHHHM'B HSJii^HiHM'B, B'B ynopHOiTB 6opa%, 
aa Hjteio, hcoxoxho nycKaiomcM-B ly^flyio eMy xojiny bt> xaft- 
HHKH cBoeft nyniH, npopBCBaexcH B'B nocjr^;iHie jifln :kh3Hh nejio-* 
B^Ki>, KOTopuft ycxajiT* MOJi^axB o ce^-fe, KoxopBuft xoHexT>, ixo6bi 
jnoAH nonpocxy hobbjih, KaKi* eMy xa^cejio h Ootibho. Aoboah 
naBHo HcnepnaHu; B'B xn^exHofi 6opB6^ cf> MpaKo6']&cieM'B Hcnep^ 
naHu Bcfi ycHJii^ — h B'B npeACMepxnue ahh^ tjihah ci» xockok) 
Ha rnCejiB cbohxi* najieHCA'By Ha paBHOAyiuie x-^x-b, K'b KOMy 
oH'B BBBiBaJi'B BCK) ^HSHB, Ha flpocxHoe sjiopa^cxBO BparoBi*^ 
Bepne yKaaniBaex'B na xy nponacxB, Koxopa^ ox^i&jisex'B ero otb 
MeHnejiefl h Koiie6y; He ,,HHcxpyKi;iH'* pyKOBOflHJiH hm'b, KaK-B 
pa6aMH peaKKiH, bojibhbimh h neBOJiBHUMH; ohi* oxAaJi'B 6opB6% 

BCK) CBOK) ^BSHB; OH'B HHCaJI'B Be HepHHJiaMH, KaK'B 8XH XCJIOfl- 

Hue KJieBexHHKH, a kpobbk) cep^ixa h cokom'b nepBOB-B, h ecjiH 
OH'B xenepB MOJinHXii, ecnn ohb p'^^ako noAHBMaerB rojiocB na 
iiojiB3y CBOK) ,,rjiyxo-Hi&Moro oxe^ecxBa*', xo xojibko noxoMy, hxo 
eify cjiBmKOMi> xpyAHO roBopaxB: ,,y iieHii ne Bcer^a XBaxaerB 
Ayxy co6cxBeHHofi pyKofi npaiEBuixB ce6^ 6ojib h He Bcerjia 
XBaxaexi> chji-b jxojiro nepeHOCHXB ee". 

B'B HeOKOHHeHHOM'B HpeAHCJIOBiH K'B C06paHiK) CBOHX'B COHH* 

Henifi, HafiAeHHOM'B B'B 6yMarax'B Bepne nocji'^ ero CMepxH, OH'B 
roBopHrB, Me^cfly npoHBM'B, hxo nojvh cxaxB^MH noJinxanecKHMH 
OH'B BHCTaBJiaerB tojtb, Korjxa owh HanHcaHti — ,,flJia xoro hto6h 



32 P7CGR0E BOFATCTBO. 

yKasETB He Ha hx-b cTapocTL, a Ha hz'b mojioaocte: 0Hi& no chx'b 
nopi) TaK)ice hobu h HeHcrepTu, KaK-B 6yKTO tojibko Biepa bu- 
nxjiH H3'B MOHCTHaro ABopa ifucjiH^^ y nacB cy^BCa hxi> ABoft- 
CTBCHBa: fljia HeMHornx'B oni^— ein tiberwundener Standpunkt, uJisi 
TpoicaAHaro 6o;iBmBHOTBa — ^nyrajio. Ilopa nepecTaxB Goatbc^ hxt>. 



]SjsROB% Hopjieft. BOMnpoHHccib. nepeBOA^ (Tb EHTxitcKaro M. n;. 

€% npHxoseHieirb cxaTbH Toro-se asTopa. „0 BOcnHTaTeiBHOiffc SHa^emH axre- 
paxypH.** HsxaHle (2-e) ^IIocpeAHHKa'* jffla HHTesHreHTHHZ'b vHTaTejieft. 
MooBBa, 1896. 

BoJiBme 20 ji^tb nponijio cb Buxojia b'b cb^itb KHHrn Mop- 
jieii. EyAymifi hjichb JieCepajiBHaFO KaGHHCTa 6uji'b HSBi^CTeHB 
TOJIBKO KaKB TaJiaHTJIHBUfl OyCjIHaHCT'B H aBtopB MOHorpa^iA o 

EapK^ H BoJihjep^; b'b pojih npaKTHHecKaro nojiHTHKa ohi> eme 
He BUCTynaji'B h 6biji'b jiJisi ejXHBOMfciniJieHHHKOB'B He ctcmibko 
copaTHnKOMii, CKo;iBKo HHcaTejieM'B-ApyroM'B* H bottb, KHHroio 
^aMaro o6iiiaro xapaxTepa^ He sajii&Baioaieft npnuo hh oahofo 
HacTHaro 6oeBoro Bonpoca TeicynxeA hojihthkh, ohb Ae6ioTHpO' 
aaji-B B'B pojiH nojiHTHHecKaro A'^HTeJis cb rpoMKHMit ycn'^xoMi>, 
KOTopLifi paaoMB nocTaBHAi> ero b'b nepBue psijihi napriH BHroBi). 
KHHra Oepex-B BonpocB, BecBiia npocxoft b-b TeopexHiecKOM-B 
nocTpoeniH BJieMeHTapnaro cosnaHin, ho ycjio»CHeHHuS b'b buc- 
jneft cTeneHH bb' MHorooCpasHux-B KOM6HHaixiaxi» o6mecrBeHHoft 
^h3hh; h ona AaerB eiiy p'Smenie mnpoKoe, acHoe h onpeA*^- 
jieHHoe; ona ocB'^maeT'B ero cb r^xi> HueHHO OTopoH'B, cb ko- 
Topux'B oH'B saieMHeH'B Bi» o6niecTBeHH0M'B co3HaHiH. Ona cpii- 
BOAHTB B'B CHCTeMy H caHKixioHHpyeTB MBicjiHi He^CHo 6poAfliixis 

B'B KaXCAOfi HexpOHyTOfi 3KH3HBK> ffjm^, 

„CaMoe Ba^KHoe ajih iiipa— cxaBHM'B-jiH Hu ncxHny HanepBoe 
M^cxo HJiH Ha Bxopoe". BsflBB 3XH cnOBa apxienncKona YaxjiH 
dHHrpa^OMik K'B CBoeMy paacy^^eHiio, Mopjieft paaomb mhofo- 

06pa3HUXl> J][0Ka3axeJIBCTB'B BLI^CH^EeXB, KaKB MaJIO OCHOBaxeJIBHU 
Bd% BBJlhi XOA^HHXB AOBOAOBB 3a XO, HT06U UpH HOJIHOICB npH3Ha' 

HiH Bi> xeopiH npaBa hcxhhbc Ha nepBoe m^cxo, doahbhaxb ee Ha 

npaKXHK-]^ BCeB03M03KBliIM'B OFpaHHHeHl^M'B. ELpaBO MLICJIHXB CBO- 
60AHO H pyKOBOAHXBCH B'B A'^&flCXBiflX'B CBOHMH BSTJlSlJlSkUR 6eS'h 

cxpaxa npeni> KaKHM-B-eH xo hh 6ujio aBxopHxeTOMi. ^ecxB npHH- 
KEHB B'B name BpeMA oKonqaxejiBHO npsHnxufi B'B xom-b hjih 
ApyFOMB CMLicjii^ Ka^AOK^ iDKOJiofi MucjiHxejiefi, HM'^ramefi XOXfl 
Majii&fimift mancB na fochoacxbo bb 6yjiyn^eM'B^^ Ho axo npaBO 
HBAaexca, cb Apyroft cxopoHbi, xaKMce nepBofl o5fl3aHHOcxBK) 
nejiOB'feKa, orpaHHieHie Koxopofl aojiokho 6hxb noAHHHeHo npesBH- 

MafiHO XO^HUM'B H OCXOpO)KHO BupaSoxaBHUM'B HOpiiaM'B. YBa- 
OKCHie K'B rocnoflcxByromHM'B BOSSp-feHiflM-B, Cb oahoA CXOpOHU, 
H AOJIFB CJIOBOMB H A'^JIOiCB HpOBOABXB B'B 3KH3HB CBOH y6i&« 



HOBUfl KHHTH. 33 

-iKneHifl, CB Apyroft ctopohh, ohcbej^ho jierKo Moryrb npHSXH Bib 
<:TOJiKHOBeHie, Mo^erb-Jin 6htb pa3p*raeHi> aTOTi» koh$jihkti.| 
H KaKoia Hs-B npoTHBHHXB cTopoHB oi-feflyeTB noacepxBOBaxb b% 
cjiyna'^ HenpHMHpHMaro npoTHBop:&iiA? HecoMH'feHHo, B08Mo:iCHa 
H Hy^Ha H3B']&CTHaro po^a paayMHaii ociiOTpHTejiBHocTB npa bu- 
pa6aTUBaHiH yG-l^xcAeHift, pasyMHan oAepsKaHHOCTj* npa Bucicaau- 
BaHiH Hxi, pasyifHaii nejuinTejihHOCTb bi> nonuiicaxT* ocyme- 
CTBBTB Bx-b Ha npaKTHiL']&. Ho xaioice HccoMH-feHHo, Hxo Heyjio- 
BHMue oxrtHKH Moryxi* oxjuaiaxfc hxt> oxi» ocMoxpaxeJibHOCxH 

H3JIBmHeft, OXT> Cflep^KaHHOCXH nOBOpHOft, OTh MejlPlHXeJlJbHOCXH 

nary6Hofl. BonpocB o KOMopoMBcd^ aa npaKXHK'j^ ecxb no^XH 
Bcer^a BonpocB o BioaHcaxi»; ho BCSKoe npoHBKHOBeme bi* xa- 
paKxep'B HHABBHjiyajiBHaro cjiynafl B03M03iCHO juhib npH noMon:^ 
o6mHxi» noJio^cenifi, KaKOBH-^e— capaaiBBaexi, ceOa aBxopii — 
Ti oGmifl Hanajia, kotopumh AOJi^icHa peryjmpoBaxBOi npaKxaxa 
<:orjiaineHia? ^^^_^ 

Coo6pa3Ho xpeMi> B03if03KHiiiMi> BHAaMB KOMopOMHCca— ycxyHKH 
nooxopoHHHM'B oCcxoAxejiBcxBaACB, BO nepBUXB Bi> Bbipa5axu- 
BaHiH, BO Bxopuxx Bi> BUCKa3UBaHiH H Bi> xpexBAXx BB ocy- 
mecxBJieHiH y6']&:iCAeHiH— KHura Mopjien pacnaAaexoi na xpa 
ocHOBHLixi> oxA'^^a. Bb rjiaB-^ o6i> HHxejuieKxyajibuofl oxb'j^x- 
cxBeHHocxH H noJiBXH^ecKOMB Jiyx^ BBCJi'^^AOBana AonycxHMOcxjb 
KOMnpoMHCca npH BupaOoxK-J^ yCJ^^KAOHifl. Cona-i^HiH bb oxbj^xH 
6uxi> He M03icexi>: ^npH Bupa6axfaiBauiH MH-^^Hia o5o BceMi*, ^xo 
Kacaexc^ oxBJieneHHaro npeHMymecxBa oAHoro o6pa3a A^flcxBift 
nepeAtb ApyrHMi>, hjih hxo KacaexcH hcxbhu hjih jioskuocxh, hjih 
Bacxoxmaro SHaHeniH npeA-no^eHui, xoxi» ({>aKn>, hxo doJibniHH- 
cxBo coBpeMeHHHKOBB HamHXB cKJioHflexca K7» Apyrouy HanpaB- 
Jieniio, HH^xo^KeHB h aoji^chb B^CHXb Ha B'i^cax'B ne CoJibme 
nujiH**. 

Ho pa3i> MUCJiHxe;iB y^^xsuicx b-b xomb, hxo oCmenpHHirxoe 
jffl'^Hie Jio^HO, AOJDiceHi>-jiH owh yiiajiHHBaxb o cBoeMi* neco- 
rjiaciH ci> ApyrHMB? Ecxb-Jia ocuoBaaia ocxaBJiaxb Apyraxi* bi» 
HecoMHi&HHOM'b 3a6jiy;KAeHiH? CyuiecxByexi> xeopU, no Koxopoft 
JiiOAH H K'&uje KJiaccbi npocB:&meHHue Moryxi*— a nacxo aoji^khu— 
CKpuBaxb OTb MeH-i^e oCpasoBaHHuxB HcxHHy, Koxopyio noBHajm, 
noAAep^HBafl bb hhxi> 3a5jiy:iCAeHie, Koxopoe — no B033p']&HiHM'b 
mKOJiu, HameAmefl ceC*^ 6jiecxHaiaro npeAcxaBBxejia B-b Fe* 
HaH']^— BpeAHO jiflA JiiOAei npocB^meHHux'b h noJiesHo aju xeii- 
HOfl Maccbi. 

He HCHHCJieHieM'b h npeyBejinqenieM-b onacHOcxefl Copexca 

aBXOpi> Cb JI0>KB0fl BAeed, BB KOXOpOft BHABXB BXB B03MO>KHiaft 

HCxoHHHK'b: xoHKa dp'^Hifl onnopxyHBBMa nyoicAa eidy, h ohb na- 
naAaexi na 6e8HpaBCXBeBHyio Mucjib bi eii jiojuk^^ bb AOsoAax^b 
^fl najiaABHOBB. Ohb yKasuBaexi^ na xo npocxoe nojio)KeHie, 
cyAb6a Koxoparo duxb xpioHSMOM-b b7» xeopiH h epecbio na npaic-^ 

H 19. Ovckn n. g 



34 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

THKi& H KOTopoe TJiacHrbj.HTO oHiHCo^Hoe MHi&Hie HJiH yC-i&^cffeHie* 
caMo no cee'fe HHKorna He mo^cti* 6litb noJiesHo. FoBopHTi*, hto 
Bpeni> Jio5KHaro ub^bIsl noKpuBaeicH nojiesHOCTtio npcKpacHHXi* 
accoiiiaiufl, cb KOTopuiia oho uoyKeTb 6litb CBHsano; roBopjiTi*, 

HTO CpejlHifl HeJIOB'feKl* — He ODUTHUA JtiaJICKTHKli, HTO OHl> He 

cnooo6eHi> pA3o6paTi.cH bi> flOBo;iaxi> 3a npeHMymecxBa npasjiH 

Bis ^B3HH, H nOTOMy XOpOmo nojlAep^HBaTB Bl> HeMT> BblCOKiil 

HACH, xoTH 6h nocpe;(CTBOMi> cjii&noro noBHHOBeHi^i o6bi^aK> 
H npoHHX-B cypporaxoB-B CBo6ojiHofi mucjih. Ho aBTopi» 
cnoKofiHO OTB-feHaexi*, hto HcxHHa Be nyacjiaexcH bi> noflnepHCK-i. 
jDKH^HHane ona najiexi* bm"]&cx'^ cb Heo6xo;iHMtiMB naAeHieMi» 
nocjii^AHeft. FoBoparB, mo 3a6jiy»cjieHie, ecjin ero pa3CMaxpH- 

BaXB Ke OXA'^JIBHO, a BI* CBHSH cb oChXHM'B COCXOflHieM'B H3Bi&CX- 

Haro ypoBHH mucjih, npHHocHXT> MeH']&e Bpejia, He^KejiH npHHecTio- 
6hi ero yHHHXo^KeHie. Ho aBxopi) sospa^aexB, hxo kphxelke 
OTAiljiBHaro 3a6jiy»cflCHiH hm'^cx-b uI&jibio— h nocn^jicxBieM'B— 
HCKopeneHie He oahoA jio^khoA hjich, a ixi^jiaro cxpoH xaKHX-B 
Hflefl. OjXHaKo, paspyaiHBB 3a6jiy«zteHie, — saM-fe^aioxT* ero sa- 

mHTHHKH, — BU CXaBHXC Ha erO Mi&CXO JlHniB OXpHIXaxeJIBHyK) HCXHHy^ 

Koxopasc He MoxcexB cjiy^Hxt pyKOBO^HxejieMi*. Ho 3a xo— bo3- 
pa^aeTB Mopjiefi — oxpHuaxeJiBHaa acxHHa yBOflHxi. nacB oti. 
6e3nJiojiHofl xpaxu chji'b b'b neHazuie^ameMB HanpaBJieniH h 
jiaerB bosmoxchocxb hphm^hbxb hx'b cb nojihsoio. Mo)kho, no- 
^aJiyfl, yKa3axB bb Hcxopin cjiynaH, Korjxa Ji05KHoe iin-feHie 061* 

HCXHHaXB HpaBCXBeHHUX'B H HOJIHXHHeCRHX'B HM'fijIO BHUHMOCXB 

noJie3HocxH, Ho ensa-JiH mo^kho count naxBCH B'B xobcb, Hxa 
jio^KHoe ocHOBanie 6Jiaroro nop^AKa Bemeft cnocoGno JiHmb no- 

BH3HXI> ero I^HHOCXB, a Me^KAy xi&MB HHKXO He CXaHCTB yxBcp- 

xcAaxB, Hxo 6jiaro He Mo^exi) 6uxb co3flaHo na hcxhhhomb ocho- 
BaniH. KaKi* hh bucoko ctaBHXB pesyjiBxaxLi, jio6urue y^ice 
leJioBi&HecxBOM'B, — „HcxopiH ero ecxB. rpoMasHoe pis aller": see 
xoponiee, hxo y)Ke flocTHrnyxo, mofjio 6uxb flOCXHrnyxo 6oji^q 
KopoxKHMi> H YJiodBUM-h nyxcMi. H nyxB sxorB, 6e3B coMHi^nia^. 
Bcerjia jx^jibjih xpyjiH'Se h TsiyKeJi^e xi& jiboah, Koxopne no x'^&m'b 
HJiH jipyrHMB eoo6paseHiHMB mojihsjiu bi> xo B'poMfl, Korjxa KpoMl^ 
BBX-h HeROMy 6LIJI0 roBopnxB. Ohh Hocnxii bb ce6i& mhccIio h 
flijiaiorcfl npeoxynHHKaMH npoxHBB po;ia HejioB'SnecKaro BMi&cxo 
xoro, HXo6u 6uxB ero 6jiarojii&xejiflMH. 

Topasjio cjio»cHi&e BonpocB o6b ocyn^ecxBJieHiH yC^xczteHiH. 
nojio^enie nejiOB'l&Ka, cosHasmaro HcxHHy h HU'^^ionxaro CHjiy 
ocymecxBHXb ee bb npaKxanecKoft 3KH3HH npyrnxB, uoTKevh 
6litb h Meni&e nenpeKJioHHO. ABxopi» * pa3jiEHaexi> b'b axoMi>. 
cjiyHa'!^ KOMnpoMHCCB saKoauufi h Be3aK0HHbifl. KoMnpouHCCB 
Mo>KeT'B osHanaxB jiBa pa3;iHHHtiH nojio^eHia ywa, oaho H3i. 
LHxt xopMosflmee, zipyroe— Hi&ii>, Oh-b Mo^cex-B „03HaiaxB 06- 
flyMaHHoe noaaBJieHie hjih KaJi-feHenie mlicjih pajtH xoro, Hxo6fci 



HOBHfl EHHrs. 35 

c;i%;iaTi> ee cooTB^TCTBCHHofl ctl TpaflHuioHHofl Hfleefl hjih xojxa- 
HHMH apejipaacyflKaMH o ;^aHHOM•B npejxMert, KaKoBT>'6u ohT) hh 
6bijii>', hjih owh MO^KCTrb osHanaTB pa3yMHoe npaaHaHie Tora 
(S)aKTa, HTo Macca coBpeMeHHHKos'B BainHxi> enxe He npHroTOB-* 
jieHa HJIH K'B npHHHTiio HOBOft HJieH, HJIH Ki} HSM^HeHiio aop^A- 
KOBi> ^H3HH ooo6pa3Ho Ch Hjieeio. Bi> nepeoMii cjiyna-^l nejio- 

B-]&K1> KOMQpOMI(CCa OTBepFaePB BUCmyiO HCTHHy HJIH JIHIieM']&pHO 

CKpjbiBaerB cBoe coroiacie Cb aeio. Bo btopom'b ohi* My^KecTseaHO 
Aep^HTCfl en, KaKii cBoero SHaMeHH jiJisi cbohxI) u^jieft, ho H6 
npHHy^Aaerb ii'^jiufi cs^vh neidejiJia hphbhtb ee h He o^icHAaerB^ 
HT05&I Ki&Jifaifi cBi&T-b HeMejiJifl npHHSJi'B ee^. 

Bi* 8Toft rjiaB'^ oCij ccymecrBJieHiH .y5']&)iciieHi5i ocodeHHO 

XOpomH CTpaHHHU, nOCBHmeHHUS paSJIHHeHilO W&pU B1> HCTHHy 

CBOHxi* B033p'£Hift H HeTepHHMocTH. PascMOTpl^Hie 3Toro Bonpoca 
npHBOAHTi» aBTopa ki> h^kotophmi> npeBOCxoAHUM'B no CBoeft 
npocTOTi^ H flCBOCTH 3aMilHaHiHM'i» o HacHJiBCTfieBHux'B cpejicTBaxi>^ 

KaKHMH HHOraa HUTaiOTCH npHBCCTH JIIOAeft K'B yCBOeHilO HSBilCT - 

Hux-B y6'^3KAeBift. Ho ,,bu He yC'^AHJiH ^ejiOB'^Ka, Korjia bu 
saOTaBHJiH ero saMOJi^arB. H^en h CHJia npnHajiJie»caTib jmywb 
pasJiHHHUM'B BJieMeHTaM'B. JlyMaTB, HTO BU MosKere nyTeMi> 
o6mecTBeBHaro HeoAo6peHiH hjih jipynaxib HacHJiBCTBeHH£ixi> 
M'ip-B noAaBBTB Hjien nejioB'^Ka— to se caifoe, hto jxyvaTB nora- 

CHTB 3B%3fly BHCTpi&JIOM'B H31» BHHTOBKH... Bu MOXCeTC OTaTBHMH 

3aK0Ha Haji03KHTB Ha MeHJi nenio sa to, hto h 6yjty npH3HaBaTB 
CH'j&rr* G-^UM'B, hjih sa to, hto h 6yAy JC^&flcTBOsaTB TaKx, KaKi> 
SL 6fai A'^ficTBOBaji'B, npH3HaBafl JieAi* sojiojinHMX, h nenn MoryT'B 
noBJiiHTB Ha Moe noBejienie. Ho oh^ He hsm^^hati* Moero y6i^- 
^Aems B-h BTOMi* jfini hh Ha iory, noToiiy-HTo oh']& He iioryTi* 

CA'^&JiaTB BTOrO. CjI^JlOBaTOJIBBO, eAHHCTBCHHIiIHT* pe3yjIBTaT0Ml» 

HeTepnHMocTH 5yflerB cosjxaHie jinaeM'^&poB'B**, 

Mu BHA'&JiH, HTO KHHra Mopjiefl He ecTB anojiorifl pa^HKa- 
jiH3Ma; OBa SHaerB u'^ny yirScTHOMy KOHcepBaTHduy h, npej];jia- 
rafl o5mie npHHixHim, ooTasjiHerB m-^cto cboGoa^ b% ok'^hic^ 
Ka^Knaro HH^HBHjiyajiBHaro cjiy^aH: ona Aa^ce nacTanBaerB Ha 
9ToA onl^HKi^. ToHKa 3p']&Hifl jiHHHofi MopaJiH KaKi* 6yAT0 06- 

XOAHTOfl aBTOpOMl*. KjiefiMHTB 6e3HpaBCTBeHHOCTB CH'I^JIKH C1> 

coB'£cTBK> ci> ^apoMi» HerojiyK)maro nponoB^AHHKa KaKi. 6y;iTa 
Ka^eTCJi CM'&mHBiM'B 3T0My ypaBHOBi&meHHOMy noJiHTHHecKoiiy 
:i']&JiTejiio, npHBBiKmeMy ix'&hhtb o6mecTBeHHoe siBjienie cb tohkb 
sp-^Hia ero noJiesHocTH. Ho bto He Ta cerojiHaraHH«, TpycjiHBaa 
nojie3HOCTB, bo hm^ KOTopoft name npH3UBaeTCH, n^u-h 06x0- 
JIHTCH KOMnpoMHCCB. BecB BonpocB noJiynaeT-B 3fli&cB ocBi&meHie 

OHHOBpeMeHHO ^H3HeHH0e H B03BbIineHH0e. KaK'B-6u aBTOpii HH 
rpOiiTJl-B HejXOCTaTKH pOflHOrO CTpOa, B-B HCM-B HyBCTByeTCJI CB*T- 
JlUfi yiifB, BOCnHTaHHHfi aTHMl) CaMLIM'B CB0f5OAHbIlf'B H CHJIBHU&l'B 
AyXOBHUMIb CTpOeMli. 

3* 



36 F7CCR0B BOPATCTBO. 

E. BameprB. HoJiOAeacB, ea Hacroflii^ee h 6jjsjmfie' Go^HHeHie 

jXocToeHHoe npeiiiH ^paemrBCBot Asa^eidH. Hepeseinb Gb 16-ro ^^paai^yacxaro 
BBAaeU e. e. TpoBHHepi Cn£. 18d7. 

E. BarBepx. MyaseeTBO, Basi HAeajix pfbaTejubBOt aBHBHK. 

{Yaillance). OxoGpeHo ^pamo^cRHirB MHEHcrepcTBOifb HapoAHaro npocB^esur. 
nepesejia c% IJ-ro 4>paHi^y8CBaro HSAaHia C. JleoHTLeBa. GIIB. 1897. 

IIpeKpacHo^^inHufi h Jiio6Beo6HjibHu& aBTopi> He nosi^pHrB, 

XOHe^BO, HOMIi, HTO etO KHHJKKH, BUAepSKaBDiifl TaKOe IIH03KeCTB0 

BBAaHiA, HHKOMy He nysBHU. Mu He 6epeMC2 o&bsichjitb hx-i> 
jcwkx'b Ha B.x'h pojiiHH'i; ho uu y6'£3KAeBU, hto aroro ycn^xa 
7 HacB 0H% BM'l&TB Be 6yAyTz>. Bi> BBxi* ecTB npaBAa^ ho npaBjia 
CJramKOM'b ajieMeHTapHaa; bi» bbxi ecTB senicH cnopHiui, ho onpo- 
BepraTb bxi* ae cToarz*, noToiiy-HTo ne ct> Kiwh chophtb: aa 
bthmh nenaTBUMH crpoKaMH ne HyBCTsyemb onpeA^ennofi h opn- 
rsHaJiBHofl BBAHBBflyajiBHOCTH, KOTopaa oAHa Morjia-5u Aarb ii^Hy 

BTHM'B pa3Cy3BAeHiAlftl>, TO HaHBBBIM'B, TO HeJl^HUlfB. 3tH KHHrH 

HO^HO ^HTaTB, IIO^KHO H He HHTaTK BB^erO OTh dTOFO He H3M^- 

HBTCfl. Ho HHCaTL HXl* HOJIOSKHTeJIBHO HC CST^XSJCTbl JxfkJlO STO 

juuiexo He TaKi* npocTO, Kax-h Ka^eTCfl hxi» aBTopy. 

BuTB ifopajracToiTB o«ieHi> jierKo — h ohohb TpyjxHo. J[eiKO nn- 
can> cjiamaBua h caHTHMeHTajiBHua KHHra, BosAaeaa bI} hhxi> 
AOJQUKHyio ropAHyio h BCxpenHDio xBaJiy BceMy sucoKOMy h npe- 
KpacHOMy H cypoBO GHiyji see BBSKoe h neAocTofiHoe. Tpydno 
€A%JiaTb jiioAefl Jiy^me nocpeACTBOMi* MopajiBHuxT* nponoBl^Aefl. 
dTo BOSMO^Ho TOJiBKo Bi> o;iHOMi> CJiyHa^: Korjia aa OTBJieneH- 

BUMH COB'^TailH H pa3Cy3KJ(eHi5IllH CKBOSBrb JipKaA, CHJIBHafl H 

caifo6uTHafl jm^qnocTB asTopa; Kor^a OTnenaTOKit btoA jihhhocth 

Ha KHBr]& HaCTOJIBKO CHJieni}) HTO HBTaTeJIB BXOAHrB Cb HHlfB BTh 

HenocpeflCTBCHHoe nyxoBHoe oCmenie, Kor^a Kaxc^oe ero cjiobo 
AumeTrb caiiocTO^TejiBHocTbio, Kor^a tpiohbmijI b'b ero ycTaxi) 
Ka^cyTCA napaAOKcaiiB. MopaJincTx aoji^ch'b hoO'^&ahtb cjiyma- 
Tens, a He npocHTB y Hero CHHcxo^jieHifl. A aji-^CB... ,,HcKpeH- 
HOCTB H npocTOTa Tona, B'B KOTopoMit HanHcana boi KHnra, He- 
BOJiBHo nosKynaioTi> HBTaTeJis — roBopBTcs bi» npeAHCJiOBiH HSAa- 
xejM nepBofi khhjkkh — h sacTaBJiaiorB ero hpocthtb BarHepy 
Hi^KOTopoe cjiamaBoe npeKpacHOAymie, cKBosjiniee bt* nocm-fin- 
BEXT* FJiaBaxT* ero coHBHeBia. BoJiBmaB nacTB nponoB'§iiyeM£ixi> 
HMi BjieajiOBx, Bce-TaKH, h hhctu b npeKpacHLi!^. 

H'§Ti>, HiieHHO cJiamaBaro npeKpacHOAyoiiii ne npoctHrB aB- 
Topy HHTaTejiB, a oco6euHo HHTaTejiB na-b iiojioAexcH. HHKaKoft 
^uicTOTofi H KpacoTofl CoAhiiieu Hacmu (hto aa npeBOcxoflHoe orpa- 
HHHeHiel) DponcB^AyeMBix'B HjieajiOB'B nejiBas HcnpaBBTB oTcyT- 
CTBie yiiCTBeBHOfl opHrHHaJiBHocTB: Baci> Bci& npnaBaiorB xopo- 
IDHM'B ^eJiOB^KOiTB, HO ojiymaTB Bacb HBKTO He cTanerB. Htc6u 
BJiiBTB Ha MOJioAe^B, M ajio xoponiBXi> Haif^^penifl: Hano rjiy6oKo 
SLOHBMaTB ee; aToro noBHiiaHiH He bbabo B7» aBTopi^. Ohi*, na- 
npBM%pi», ci> yxcacoM'B roBopHrb o Ayx% napTifiHOCTH bi» mojio- 



HOBUfl KHHTH. 37 

Ae^KH, saduBaii, hto ecjiH tk^ nK6yjih xopoma h CHMnaTH<!Ha 
napTiftHOCTB, to 8to HMeHHO Bi* MOJiojueyscm^ hto lOHoma 3to ecre* 
CTBeHHufi HeJioB'^K'b HapTiH. MojioAofl HCJioB^K'h HaKJieHBaerb 
Ha Bce apxmKsi He noxoMy, hto ero He noy^aiorb 6HTb nmpo- 
KHMi», a noTOiiy, hto 6ijieB'h KaTeropiaifH cyxcAeHix; ecTb cno- 

C06H yMHOaCHTb 9TH KJli^TOHKH H CJ^i&JiaTb HeJIOSi^tCa, ff'SACTBH- 

TejiLHo, niHpe, ho cnoco6ii 8th jie^KSLn b'b ecrecTBeHHoirb sana- 
TiH MOJioAoro HejiOBi^Ka, bt> canopadBHTiH, a ne bi> r&xib 
^yneAaxT*, KOTopuMR r. BarHcpi. cTapaeTca sanyraTb uojiojifxh: 
„iiOJi0A0fi He;i0B'£KT>« sapa^KeHHuft njxowh napTifiHocTH, craHo- 
BHTCfl npHMO OTBpaTHTejiBHuifb^. Kaide nycTHKH. HanoMBMi* aB- 
Topy, HTo B^ snaKOMOMi* eiiy poMan'j^ BaKTopa Fioro yOxBep- 
xceHHue** eoTb h^ckojibko ^Brypi* MOJioflEixi> JiiOAefi, ne TOJibKa 
sapa^eHHux'B nyxoMi* napTidnocTH, ho jia^Ke yiinpaiomHX'B orb 
Hero. MoJiCHo 6uTb KaKoro yroAHO uB^uisi o Ay^^ napxiH, sa 
XfjkJio KOTopofi yMHpaiorB 8tb iiojiOAue jiioah; ho ecjiH ohh Ka* 
acyTCH npeKpacHOAyniHOHy aBTopy npeAHK'b ktm uojiojiexn He 
BOHJionieHieM'B BucmeA Kpacoru mojioaocth, chjiu, CB^yicecn^ a 
H^wh TO „npAMo orBpaTHTeJibHUM-b^^ ecJiH ohh HanoMHHaiorb 
eify tfCoOaKX, KOTopuifb o6p']l3aH£i ymn, ^To6bi npH^aTb mn> 

60JI^e CBBp^HUft BHA'b^S TO OHl* eABa-JIH CMOlKCTb cKasaTb 

MOJiojce^H 1T0 HH6yflb TaKoe, hto mjio-6u orb cepAUa K'b cepAuy. 
OroBopHMCfl, OAHaKo, HTO 8THirb nocji^AHHMb saM'&qaHieirb 
uu He HM'^eM'b Bb BHAy sarpoHyTb o6mecTBeHHoe h noJiHTHHe- 
CKoe HanpaBJienie aBTopa: ero JiK>6Beo(5EJibHoe cepAue, KOHeiHO, 
nyaicAo „OTBpaTHTejibHofl'* napiiflHocTH — oho ckjiohho 6oJibrae 
Ki» TOMy HanpaBJieniio, KOTopoe ommb nyToiKy 0TJiH«iaeTCH orb 
HacTOflmefi mnpoTu. JIocToeBCKifl Ha3EiBajii> ero „inHpoKocTbK>'*; 
HapoAi» roBopHTb o HeM-b rpy6i6e:„ h HaraHM-b, h BarnHMi***. 



dAjapAX TaftJiopb. IlepBotiHTHafl ByjibTjpa. BTopoe HsxaHle (0. 
H. nonoBOft) Henp. h aohos. noji^b pexaiupeft A. A. SoponiieBQiaFO. Ab« 
TOMa. Cn6. 1896. 

M. repneei. Hcxopifl nepBotiizTHaro nejiOBi^HeeTBa. nep. H* 

EepesHHa. Ob 45 pHcyHsaMH. Gn6. 1896. Hs^. sypeaia „06pa80BaHie^. 

I. (fl.) roHHerepnb. Hcropifl HCAOBtHecBOft xyjibTypH. Hep. 

H. HenHHCBOt. Hba. aypHAia «06pa80BaHiQ". Cn6. 1896. 

Bcjm Ki» HasBaHiHirb KHHrb, HCHHCJieHHHX'b bi^ aarojioBKi^, 
npHCaBHTb eme „8B0JiK)i^iK) h nporpeccb HejioB^HecTBa" Jlpyn- 
MOHAa, „HcTopiK> KyjibTypH" CeMenoBa, „AHTponojioriK)'* Kpaoi- 
BHAKaro, ,yAoBCTopBHecKaro HejioBi;Ka^ 3a6opoBCKaro, ^Cooio- 
jioriio** JlerypHO h apitTm "^o chhcoki* coHHHenift no HCTopia 
KyjibTypii, BumeAmHX'b aa nocji'^AHift roA'b, 0Ka}iceTCH Beobiia 



38 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

sHaHHTejiBHUM'B. EcTB eme KJiaccHHecKiH npoHBBeAeHifl b-e* STofi 
eme lOHofi, HO y^e o6inupHOfi o6jiacTH HayKx, KOTopuH eme 
MCflyT-B nepcBOAa; ho MHoroe y»ce nepeBejteno h, ohcbh^ho, hh- 
TaeTCJi. 3to cHMnTOM'B OHCHB npiflTHufi: e;iBa-JiH mo»ho peKoiieH- 
roBaTB hto-jihCo 6oJi'£e HacTOflxejiBHo ajih o6nie-o6pa30BaTejiB- 
Huxi> u'^^jiefi, H^Mi) HsyqeHie HCTopiH bii xofi mnpoKofi e^ $opM']&, 
KaKyK) AaiOTB eft HOBue hctophkh iiBBHJiH3aitiH. TpyAHo o6xBa- 
TBTB Ty 6e3HBCJieHHyi0 MHCCy BOnpOCOBl) Bi> pa3HOo6pa3KiflniHX'B 
oCjiacTHxt SHaniji h npaKTHHecKofl :kh3hh, Ha Koxopyio npojiH- 
BaiOTB cb']6ti> H3CJi']§A0BaHiH jipesH'^ftmeft HcropiH HeJiOB'^HeoT;?a; 
TpyjiHo npe^CTaBHTB ct6^^ KaKie 6jiecTflinie pe3yjiBTaTi]i aoCuiu 
<5j]arojiapii ocTpoyMBUMii MeTojiaMi», npHMi^HeHHUMi. b'b aroft 
HayKi^. H Bce 3ice pa6oTU tojibko BanaTU, nojie HscjilAosaHifl 
noHTH He saxpoHyxo; HaJiBHiftmie ycn-fexH snaHifl xojibko pacmH- 
pfliOTB ero. C'B flpyroft ciopoHu, Heo5xoaHMO flaxB oCHKHOBen- 
HOMy HHxaxejiK) o6mejiocxynHoe H3JiojKeBie ochobhhx-b nojiOMce- 
Hifi Hayi^H. Hacxosimaro 3HaHiH nonyjiflpnaa HayKa, KoneHHo^ He 
flaex^b; ho ona h He o6i&maexi. naxB ero. HepenaBaH cjio)KHyio 
MucJiB, KaKi> n^mo roxoBoe h saKOHHeHHoe, He bboaji b'b canuft 
npouecci. nay^naro XBopiecxBa, nonyjiapHsauiH CoJiBmnx-B nayn- 
huxi> Hjiefl He flacxi* BnoJifffe xoHHaro d HCXHHHaro npejicxaB- 
jieniH o x'^x'B B033p'£HiHX'B, Koxopufl BosB'&niaex'B; ho ecjiH-6Bi 
OHa HM'^^jia BB BHj(y HciepnuBaiomee osnaKOMjienie cb nayKoft, 
ona cjiy»CHjia-6H ne cxojibko jif^Jiy hcxhhh, ckojibko pacnpocxpa- 
HeniK) 3a6jiy>KAeHift. Ea ix^jih ropasjio CKpoMH'i&e: pacKpuBasi ho- 
Byio oGjiacxB H^efi, jioceji']^ Hes'^^AOMyfo naxaxejiio, oHa pascHH- 
xuBaexi B035yjiHXB B'B BtM-h BHHManie Kh axoft o6jiacxn 3HaHi)i 
H sacxaBHXB ero o5paxHXBCA ki. ^nofljiHHHHKy'^. Snanie naexcn 

XOJIBKO AexaJIBHUM'B H3yHeHieMl> nepBOHCXOHHHKOB-B H CaMOCXOfl- 

xeJiBHoft pa6oxofl ^SiKh iiaiepiajioM'B; ho nonyjinpnoe HdJio^Kenie 
HM^ex'B BB BHjiy He saM'^HHXB ero, a ziaxB jihidb o6iiii2, pyKo- 
BORnmlsi nojio^KeHiH. EesnopiijiOHHOcxB noBepxHocxnaro 3HaHifl, 
no^epnnyxaro h3b nonyjiHpHux'B KHSXceKi}, nepi^jiKO npeflcxaB- 
JiaexcH apryMeHxoM-B npoxHEi* hex-b; ho oho npejinoHXExejiBH-lle 
HeB^xcecxBa, noxowy hxo neBi&^KecxBo, b-^ab, xo^kc He tabula rasa, 
a HenpoHHiiaeMaH Macca eme xynmnx-B npejipascyaKOBi.. „npH- 
BHfl'^Hift HixT>, a ecxB ecxecxBeHHMH HayKH*^ kphhexi* KaKofi-xo 
AHKift ^ejioB'^K'B y JlocxoeBCKaro; oh-b y^acenB, BxorB KappHKa- 
xypHHft flHKapB, HO npnnoMHHxe fljia cpaBHeniH xo MipoB033p'6- 
Hie, Koxopoe yxBep>K;taex'B, ixo npHBHfli&HiH ecxB, a o ecxecxBen- 
nux-b HayKaxB ne BufheT-b npeAcxaBJieHin; b'^jxb KaK'B hh KaK-B^ 
a npHBH;ix'i&Hift BcexaKH h'^^tb. 

* KnaccH^ecKifl xpyji-B Tafljiopa — Oflna h3i» Jiy^raaxi. KHHr-B, 
oxaBHninxi> ecxecxBeHHUH nayKH na ir^cxo npHBHjii&Hift. Hxo b'b 
Heft oco6eHHO ii']&hho — axo uexoTiT,. Tafijiopi* ne BCHepnLiBaexT> 
npejtMexa; b-b flpyroM-B CBoenfB xpyjx^, 6oji^e oOmeflocxynHOM'B 



HOBUA KHHrH. 39 

•tAHxponojioriH, pyccK. nep. HsHHa. Cn6, 1882), ohi> H3jio»chjii» 

OCHOBHUH AaHHHH HayKU ,^0 HCJIOB'^^K'S, KaKl> eCTeCTBeHHOfi 

rpynn*'^ 3jAch ohi noflBcpraeTi. caMocTOHxejifcHOMy hscji^ko- 
BaHiK) jiHmB Hi&KOTopue Bonpocu: 3Ha?eHie ,,nepe»HBaHii^ B-b 
KyjiBTyp-fe'^ npoHcxoHc^eHie h ji^siTejihBocTh ^sHKa, HCKyccxBO 

CHHCJieHiH, CMBICJI'B MHOa B'B HCTOpiH MUCJIH, pa3BHTie y HHSmBX-B 

pacB aHHMH3Ma — yncHiH o jtyraaxi* h flpyrax-B HepeajibHuxi* 
-cymecTBax-B—H HCxopiH H'feKOTopuxi> oGpHAOBi) H KepeMoaifi^ 
BOTi> Bce coAep)KaHie KHHra Tafijiopa. ABTopi) bhahtiu 3Ha?eHie 

BHaKOMCTBa Cl> nepBHHHLlMH CTynCHAMH UHBHJIHSaUiH He TOJIBRO 

Bi> ero oSmeMi* HHTepecfe, ho bi> Ba>KHOM'B npaKTHHecKOMi> cmlicji'^ 
JUiH iiOHHMaHi^ HacTOHiK^ro H cy»CAeHiH o 6y;(ymeMi>. Bosmo^- 
HocTJb 3Toro 3HaK0MCTBa npie^^CTaBJiiieTca eny OesrpaHHHHoft,— 
noKa He 6yfleTi> xoKasano npoTHSHoe. ,,HHKaKofi po^'B jiOKasa- 
TejiBCTBi* He AOJDiceH'B 6bitb ocTaBJieHi> 6e3i> BHHMaHin paj^a 

OTJiaJieHHOCTH HJIH CJIO^KHOCTH, MeJIOHHOCTH HJIH OdHflCHHOCTH. 

CxpeMjicHie Hosiflinaro HBCJi-i&flOBaHifl see 6oJii&e h 6oji^e Ha- 
npaBJiHCTca K'B saKJiio.HeHiio, hto ccjih saKOHi. ecxB r^t-fe-nndyflB, 

OH-B flOJIHCeH-B 6bITB 863^*^. OliaHBaTBCfl B'B HOJIBB"]^ fl06pOCO- 

B-fccTHaro co6HpaHiH h H3yqeHia ^aKTOBi* h o6'hsiBjisLTh KaKyio-6u 
TO HH Gujio sa^a^y Hepasp^maMofl BCJ^'§2^CTBie ea xpyjiHocxH h 
HCAocxynHocxH, 3HaHHXT. 6lixb BecBMa njioxnwh cxopobhhkom-b 
HayKH. ToMy, kxo HenpeM-^&HHO Hnxexx 6e3Hajie5KHofl pa6oxu, 
Jiynine Bcero saMsiThcsi oxBiCKaHieM'B npeji^JiOBi. Hayinaro b3Cji'%- 
jiOBaHiH'^ H flMcxBHxeju>HO, o;iHH utTojihL fl3£iK03HaHifl— dxoro 
cncKxpajiBHaro anajiBsa HCXopiH KyjiBxypu — jxaioiTb xaKie pe3yjib« 

XaXU B'B H3yHeHiH pa3BHXifl MUCJIH, HXO CaXELSL CU^JlhlSl BSLJieySCJlhl 

■He MoryrB KasaxBCH npeyBejiHHeHHUMH. 

KHHra Taftjiopa, aaBHo on^aeHHafl pyccKOft HHxaiomefi ny- 
<3jiHKofi H ocxaBBBinaH HeH3rJiaAaMufi cji^xL'h B'B named nayHHoft 
JiHTepaxypife, Oyflexi*, kohchho, hm'^&xb hobuA ycni&x'B, cooxB-fex- 
cxByioniifl ea rjiyOoKOwy 3HaHeHiio. 

Khh^kkh, H3AaHabiH pe^aKuiefi ,,05pa30BaHifl'% He BaoJiH']^ 
nparoAHu ajih nepBOHanajiBHaro osHaKOMJieaiH cb npejiMexoM'B. 
,,HcxopiH nepBo6uxHaro Hejioai&HecxBa" FepHeca npeflCTaBji«exi> 
co5oK) jiamB He3HaHaxejiBHufi oxphbokb a3i> axod acxopia. 3a 
AByMH He6ojiBmHMH BCxynaxejiBHBiMH rjiaaaMB oGmaro xapasxepa, 
BCH KHHxcKa Ao KOHi^a saHflxa ^parMeHxapHHMH onepKaMH acxopin 
BH-feraHefl KyjiBxypu. Ciaxaa rjiaBHMMH npHsaaKaMB nejioBi&^e- 
CKoft KyjiBxypu hbuk-b, pejiariiD, o6mecxBeHHooxB, okoxobo^cxbo 
a seMJie^'^&Jiie, oxohb, ^KHJiame, oae^jiy, opyaia a opy»cie, aaxop'B 
coaepraeHHO oCxo^hx-b BoapocB o6i» acxopia nepnux-B, nocBa- 
maa HMT> no nojiy-cxpaHHHK'fe, a Bce cBoe BHaMaaie, no npana- 
HaM'B, KoxopHH ocxaioxca cKpuxLiMa oxij HBxaxeJiH, oxflaex'B opy- 
j^iaMi* a opyjKiK). H3Jio)KeHie yflo6onoHaxHo a npocxo, pacyHKa 

•OHeHB HCflypHH. 



40 PyCCSOB BOFATCTBO. 

,,HcTopifl HenoB^HeoKoft K7JiLT3rpu** HeAaBHo jMepmaro mo*- 
pHXCKaro HCTopHKa FoHerrepa ropaano nojiH^e h MHorocTopoHH%e 
npej(i)ij(ymefi, ho HSJio^KeHa 0JiHinK0Mi> KOHcneKTHBHo; HHorna as- 
Topi> AOxoj(Hrx> AO CTHJiJi HacTOHmaro KOHcneKra — 6eai> cKasye- 
uhLn-h. IIpaBjia, 6pomK>pa FoHHerepa h bi> caifOMi^ a&i^ cctb kohc- 
neKrx> ero 6o;ii>niofl HCTopiH KyjiBTypu, ho TaKofl K0Hcnesrz» npHro- 
jiewh AJifl BocnpoH3Be;ieHU bi naMATH npo'fHTaBHaro, a He jiJisi bbc- 
Aenisr nejiOBi&Ka B'b Kpyn> He3HaK0MUXi> eiiy HAeft. HecoMHi^HHUii 
jxocTOHHCTBa KHHXCKH FoHeiTepa — 6oraTUJi h ocHOBaxejiBHus kph- 
THHecKiH saM^HaniH o jiHTeparyp^ npe^BieTa h mHpoKaa nocra* 
HOBKa BonpocoB'B. MHoroHHCJieHHUfl yKasaHlH aBTopa Ha pasno- 
o6pa3Hue no coAep»caHiio n ochobhumis HneflMi*, ho Bcer^a bi> 
BHcmefi cTeneHH HHTepecHue TpyjxBi sujiaioaiHxcfl Hi&MemcHxi>. 
yHeHuxi> no o6nxefl ncTopin KyoiBTypH HanoMHHaK>Ti>, hto mu no 
CBX.'h nop'b He mrkewh bi> nepesoA^ nnnero hsi* aTofi nepno- 
CTeucHHO Ba^HOfi flJiH o6niaro pasBHTiA jiHTeparypu: no chxii 
nopi> He nepeBe^eHU scTopiH KyjiBTypu TeJibBSiJihnsL^ FeHHe-aii^ 
pHHa, Jlnnnepxa (6oJiBraaH) — h HHTareJiB no hcboji^ o6pamaeTc« 
Ki) ycrap.'^BinBM'B KHHraMi*; nepenejieHJbi y Haci> tojibko anrjiifl- 
CKifl coHHHeBiH 6o;i%e caMocxoHTejiBHaro, ho ropas^o Men'fie 06- 
maro xapaKxepa. 

IlepeBOAH nocJi^nnHXii sByxi KHHSEceK'B ne nypnu, ho KaKi» 

TO HeyCTOflHHBU, 0C06eHH0 BX TpaHCBpnnm'H C06CTBeHHUXl> HMeHl>v 



PyeeBlft Biorpa^lflHeCKlft CjIOBapB. Tom I (AapoHi— HimepaTop* 
AjieBcaHXP'b n). H8AaH3» nox% HaCjuDAeHJeii'b npepfAjk^Tejui llMnepaTopcBaro 
PyccRaro HcTopH^ecBaro OCn^ecrea A. A. noiOBi^eBa. GIIE. 1896. 

PyccKoe HcTopa^ecKoe 06niecTB0 eme bi> 1876 r. sanyMaJio 
HSjiaTB 6iorpa$HHecKifl cjiOBapB pyccKHx-B ^niiiTejieft, aacjiyjKHB- 
niHXB npaBO na naMHTB b-b noxoMCTB^**, n xenepB npHcxynnjio 
KTb ocynxecTBjieHiK) axoft mucjih, BHnycxHBi, b-b cb^xt» nepBuft 
TOifB npennojioxccHHaro xpyjxa, cocxaBHBmifl 6ojiBtnyK) KHHry 
noHXH B-B fleBHXBCoTB cxpaHHm yCopHCXoft neiaxB b-b jibb. cxoji6ua. 
HaM^penie 06mecxBa, kohc^ho, 3acjiy5KHBaexT> nojinaro conyB- 
cxbIh, ho, Kis co^aJi^Hiio, bpaj(i>-jih mo^ho 6es'h cepBesnux'B 
oroBopoK'B CKaaaxB xo-^e casioe o6'b ero HcnojiHeHin. B'b npe- 
HHCJioBiH K-B ^CjioBapio" TJiyxo ynoMHHaexcH KaKaji-xo pe^aKitiH 
ero, Bupasaioniafl Hajie^Kny, hxo ^HTaxeJiH ,,CHHCxojiHxejiBHO 
oxHecyxcH ki> HacxoHmeiiy xoMy" h ^ou-^Hflx-B HCKpennee xpyno- 
jiioCie^ ea. Bo bcstkom'b cny^a^ hhkxo h3i> HJienoBi* axofl cKpoM- 
Hoft penaKiiiH, ecjiH xojibko ona A^ficxsBxejiBHo cynxecxByexrB, 
He tiocxaBHJii> Ha khhp^ cBoero HMeHB, 3a HCKJiK>HeHieM'B r. IIo- 
jiOBUOBa, o KoxopOM-B Mu H3i> xoFO-sce KopoxeHBsaro npejincjiOBifl. 



HOBHfl KHHTH. 41 

ysHaeiTb, hto ohi> ,,npHH5iJii> na ce6fl jihhho saB^A^JBanie 8thmi» 

JX^JIOMl.", H Ha KOTOparO TaKHMX 06pa30Ml> JIOXCHTCfl BCH OTBi&T- 

CTBCHHOCTt 3a co6cTBeHHO pcflaKTopcKift xpyfl-B no ^CjiOBapio'*. 
Co3HaeMCH oTKpoBeHHO Bi> CBoeMi* HeB^secTB^, Mu B-h nepBuft 
pa.Q'b BCTpi&HaeMi> hma r. IIojiOBnoBa bt> KanecTBi^ cneiriaJiHCTa 
no pyccKofl Hcropin, h HaMi. coBepmeHHO hchsb'^cthu rt, noji- 
»CHO 6LITB, KpynHHe jpyflH ero b-b naHHofi o6jiaCTH, Koxopue 
BHymHJiH euy ctojil cu^jiyio totobhoctb ^npHHaxt Ha ce6H jihh- 
ho" peAaKTopcKifl o6H3aHHOCTH Bi> HOBOifB BsnaHiH PyccKaro 
HcTopHHecKaro 06niecTBa. He hm'^ji noaroMy HHKaKoft bosmojk- 

HOCTH CyJtHTB, HaCKOJIBKO T. KOJIOBIIOB'B 6hJI1> HOArOTOBJieH-B ICB 
BTHBTB o6fl3aHHOCTHMl>, MU T^Wh HC MCHile p^macMCfl CKaSaTBy 

HTO BunoJiHenu mwb onil He coBCifeifB ycn^niHO. H3AaHie nep-> 
Baro TOMa „Biorpa$HHecKaro CjiOBapa" oGjier^ajiocB ir^uirb 
pHHOBfB cymecTByioniBX'B ysxe nocoCift, Hdi* KOTopux'B ocoSeHHO 
BHflaioTca ^SHUHKJioneflHHecKift CjioBapB**, H3AaBaBiniflcH pyc- 

CSHMH HHCaTeJI^MH H yHBHBIMH, H nKpHTHKO-6iorpa$H*ieCKifl CJIO- 

BapB*' C. A. BeBrepoBa. Ho snaHHTejiBHafl naoTB craTeft, Bomeji* 
niHxi> Bi* cJioBapB HcTopHHecKaro OCmecTsa, hh no nojinort a 
TOHHOCTH conpoBOMCjiaiomHxx Hx-B enCjiiorpa^HHCCKHX-B yKasanifi^ 
HH no CBoeiiy coflep^aniio, jiaJieKo ne flocxHraerB ypoBna 8thx:b 
BJseiceHTapHux'B noco6ifi. TaKi*, xoTfl-6u bi> craTBaxi* oCi. H. Aji. 
A6paM0B%, o6'B A6piomcoM'B^ Mars. ABpaM0B% h A^anypOB^ 
yKasanifl na JiBxepaxypy BeCBifa HenocTaTOHHu h Birficr^ cb t^itb 

aBTOpH BTHXTb CTaTCft He nOXpyjlHJlHCB COCnaXBCH Ha CJIOBapB 

r. BenrepoBa, naiomifi necpaBHeHHo 6ojrte nojinyio 6H6jiiorpa$iio. 
To Mce caMoe noBXopaexcH b-b cxaxBi^ o6b AnejiyHrfe^ hxo, xa- 
3aJiocB-6H, y»ce coBC^MTb ney^oCHo bi> HsnaniH HcxopHqecxaro 
06mecxBa. Bx axoM^B H3jiaHiH so necopasM^pHocxH mhofo M^cxa 
yjX^jiaexcH A^JixeJiflM'B nyxoBeHcxBa^ ho h nocBsnieHHUH ' Bir& 
cxaxBH Hacxo cxoJiB-^e He6pe»Hii. HpH cxaxBHxi* nanp, 06%. 
apxien. AraeanreJi* hjih o nacxajiHCxft XVI b. Ara$oH* JiHxe-» 
paxypa yxasBiBaexcfl najiexo ne nojiHo h ohiixb h'^^x'b ccujikh na 
xpym> r. BenrepoBa, 3aKJiK)Haioniifi b-b ce6i 6ojr^e itI^hhiu 
ysa3aHifl. CBijsfkmsi o pacKOJiBHExaxi ABpaaiiiH h AsapiH h3jio- 
:sceHii y r. BenrepoBa ropasAO nojiH'£e h onerjiBB^t^ ne^ejiH 
B'B Biorp. OjiOBapi^, ho t%mi> ne Men^e nocji^nnifi ne Aaern 
ccHJiKH na npefl-BHflymifl xpyjx-B h He noBxopflexi irifeJiHKOMi> ero 
6H6jiiorpa$HHecKHXi> yKa3aHifl. Bi» flpyroMi. cjiyna*, b-b cxaxBift 
o6x ABxoKpaxoB^, coo6maH 6oji'£e noJiHus cpaBHHxejiBHo cb 
HM^iomHMHCfl y r. BenrepoBa 6iorpa$HHecKifl CB^A^Hin, B. Ojio- 
BapB He 3Haexi» HadsaHHoil y r. BenrepoBa KHHrn AnxoKpaxoBa^ 
HsjiaHHoft HMi> 6e3B nonnHCH, h Boanep^HBaexcn oxt> Bcincofi 
xapaKxepBcxHKH ,,ero caMo6LixHoft yncTBeHHofi A'J&HxejiBHOcxH'*^ 
Koxopaa y r. BenrepoBa xapaKxepHsyexcx ox3UBaMH kphxhkh, 
cBOAHBmHMHCJi KTh xoMy, Hxo dxoxit j)HJioco$B He o6jiaj][aJi% Aa»e^ 



1 



42 P7GGK0E BOrATGTBO. 

^yuimeu-b ckojibko-hbGyhb yjioBJieTsopBTejibflo Bupa)KaTiiCfl no 
pyccKH", BnpoHeMi>, xapaKTepncTHKH na^ice ropaano Cojite Kpyn- 

BUX'B A^HTCJiefi COCTaBJIJilOT'B B-B BiOFp. CJIOBap'^ JlOBOJlbHO pi^A" 

Koe HBJieHie, no 6ojibraefl-»ce ^acxH oh-b flaex-B cyxofi nepecKas-B 

^HCTO BHi^mBHX'B $aKTOBl».CTaTBH O TS^KVLX'h KpynHLIX'B A'^HTeJIfiX'B, 

KaK-B H. C. AKcaKOB-B H K. C. AKcaKOB-B, BanHcaHHMsi r. TpyCa^ie- 
BUMi>, npeACTaBJiflKT-B B3X ce6si ^To-TO Bpojx^ $opMyjiflpHHX'B can- 

CKOB^B, TOltfHTeJIBHO CKyiHUXT* H 6e3»CH3HeHHLIX'B. Bit HCpBOfl H31> 

BHx^b r. TpyCaieB^b p']^niBJicH, npaB^^a, jiaxB noAo6ie xapaKTepncxaKH 
E3o6pa^aeMaro uwh nacaxejiH, ho nacKOJiBKO ohi) cnpaBH;ics co 
CBoefl 3ajia'^efl, nycxB cyflHxi* HHxaxejiB. Mm^ npHBefleM-B u^jin- 
Kou-b oxHOc^meecfl ciona m'^cxo craxBH: ^B'h ochob']^ ero (Pi. Ak- 
caKOBa) BAeajioBit jie^ajia ropn^afl HenojiAi^JiBHafl jik)6obb k'b 

PoCCIh B CpOACXBeSHOfi efl CJiaBHHCKOfl CeMB*^, JIK)60BB K'B upaBA^i 
Bl* XOMl* BHA*^, KaK-B OHa tUJ UptJlCTSLBJlUJlSiCh. BUJIH-JIH 3XH 

HAeajiu BeMeA-neHHo ocymecxBBMu hjih BLipa>KaJiH ohh xojbko 
BAOxHOBeHHBie sanaKTH no^cejiaHlflf iiorynxHX'B hjih HeMorynxHX-B 
nepefixH bi> jc^&ficxBHxejiBHOcxBf — k^jio Bxopocx*eneHHoe b-b 
oii^HKi^ TaKoro nHcaxejifl, KaiCBMi. Cujiii H. C. AKcaKOBi.. Ilpa- 
BHxejiH, 3aK0H0jiaxeJiH, bocboau p'^&maiox'B xoa'b coOuxift rocy- 
AapcxBeBBux'B; nncaxeJiB BucKaauBaex'B jihqib xo, hxo naKH- 
naexT» y Hero Ha cepfluife, h hoxomcxbo hc MO»cexi> ne npcKj^p- 
HsixBCfl npcA* HHCxoxoK) HfleajiLHHX-B BJie^eeifl, oco6jihbo (,) 
Koroa BJieneHiH sxh BHCxynaioxi bi> o6aj!xejiBHHxi> SByKaxi. 
BOJinie6Hofl pyccKofl pi&HH" (100). HcnyraBuiHCB, jxoji>kho 6hxb, 
caiii> HaHBHOcxH CBOHX-B pascyMCHenifl, r. TpydaneBi bi» Ciorpa- 
$iH K. AxcasoBa yxce h He nuxaexcH pa3cy»CAaxB h, no nameMy 
MB'^^Hix)^ xopomo A'^jiaex'B. Hm-b BanHoano Boo6me He Majioe ko- 
jiHHecxBO cxaxefi ajih ,B. CjiOBapa", ho Bci& oh^ oxjiH^aioxcfl 
nojiH-tflraefi 6e8napHocxBio, a u^KoropuH bi. AoCanoK-B erne cxpa- 
jlSLiOTh Heo6y3jiaHHBiMi> jinpH3M0M-B Ka3eHHaro nomnCa h nopoK) 
Aa»ce oxcyxcxBicM-B npocxoft rpaidoxHOCxH (cm. nanp. 120). IIpH 
Bcefi Hajxeacfl-fc pejxaKuiM sa chhcxoahxcjibhocxb HHxaxeJiefl, efi ne 
Mimajio-Cu Hi&cKOJiBKo nosaCoxHXBCfl o xoiii>, ^To6ti b-b cji'fejiyK)- 
niHxi> xoMaxi* ea xpyna Maxepiaji-B pacnojiarajicfl 6o;ii&e ulJie- 
coo6pa3HO H 6iorpa$iH reHepajioBi>, apxHMaHApnxoB'B h enncKO- 

nOB-B ho BUT^CBSUIB. HMeH-B HHUXls ^XCJlHXeJiefi, 3aC;iy3KHBniHX'B 

npaBo Ha naMHXB bt* noxoMCXB']&'*, a paBHO o xom-b, hxo6u caMoe 
coAep^KaBle BXOAflniHxi> b-b axoxi) xpy^i* cxaxefl ne nanoMBHajio 
njiozHxi) rHMHasH^ecKHXik coHHHeHifl H 6ojr^e cooxBixcxBOBajio, 
He CKa^KeM-B aocxoHHCxBy yncHaro o6mecxBa, xaK-B KaKi* mu hc 
npH3BaHBi o6'B HeMi> 3a6oTHXBCH, HO cnpaBejx^HBBiM'B xpe6oBa- 
ai^M-B 'iHxaxejiefl. 

CoBepineHHo oco6oe m^cxo 3aHHMaK)X'B'^Bi» BumeAmeM'B xom*^ 
,,B- CjioBapa" ;iBife cxaxBH, nocBajneHHtia Ciorpa^iaM-B HMnepa- 
T'opoBi> AjieKoanjipa I h AJieKcaHApa II. Bi> cynxHOCxn, aio aa- 



HOBUfl RHHrfl. 43 

a AOBOJiBHO 6ojihmisi no CBoeMy oCi^eMy KnarH, 
TaKi> KaK-B nepBa^ h31> hexi*, HanHcaHHasi hsb'^cthum-b bctoph- 
KOM-h H. Ulnjihjitpou'h, saHBMaer-B okojio 240 cTpaHHm>, BTopan- 
»e, npHHa^ne^camaa C, TaiHiueBy, — uohth 500 cxpaH^m*. FoiaB- 
HHfi HHiepect ,,CjioBap«'' h cocpenoTOHHsacTCH Ha axaxt j[Byxi> 
Oojii>mHXi> padoTaxi., BecBMa padJiHHHux'B, BnpoHejkfB, no CBeny 
xapaKTepy h i^I&hbocth ceoero cojiep^aHifl. Butb uoMeT-b^ bi 
Apyrofi pa3i> HaMi> jjislctcsi eme BOBBpaxHTBCs ki> 3thm'z> jiiq6o- 
HUTHLi^i'B TpyAaBfB H npeACTaBBTB ^BTaTejiK) 6ojii&e noApo6Hud 
pad6opi> Bxi>, noKa-xce bo bchkomi> cjiyna^ mu orpaHHiBMcn 
oABBMi* o6mBMi> 0T3UB0Mi>. Pa6oTa r« IIlHJiBAepa jiaerB tsjislut- 
JiBBo HanBcaBBjio, BpKyio B nojinyio xapaKTepncTBKy BMn. Ajie- 
KcasApa I, npBHeMtB 6iorpa({)i» SToro Ai^sTexH uooTaBJieaa aBxo- 
p0Mi> B-h T'^CHyK) CBS3B ci> cGmefi HCTopiefi cTpaBJbi B oCmecT- 
BeHHofi anoxB. AsTop-b 6iorpa$iB, noJiB3yioniific5i 3acJiy)KeHHc d 
penyTaniefi ssaTOKa AjieKcaHjipoBCKofl anoxn, BBeJVb b'b cBoe 
B3Jio:KeHie se Majioe kojibhoctbo HOBaro b Ba^KHaro Marepiajia, 
noBBOJiHiODaaro nacTBio sipne B3o6pa3BTB BacTpoenie canoro Ajie- 
KcaHjipa B-h pa3Hbie nepiojiu ero ^b3bb, nacTBio Hcate npeACxa- 
BBTB ce6i& xapaKTep'B pasjiB^Huxi* npaBBTejiBCTBeHHux'B Mi^po- 
npiflTift 3a ero BpeMfl. BjiaroAapii Bceiiy aroMy, pa6oTa r. UIbjib- 
Jiepa HBTaexcfl cb neocjiaCi^BaioiiiBM'B hb na MBsyxy BHTepecoMii. 
ABTop-B aobojibho noApo6HO ocTaHaBJiBBaercH Ha BpeMeHB^ npen- 
n]ecTBOBaBmeMi> BCTynjieuiio AjieKcaHApa na npecTOJirb, o6cto»- 
TejiBHO BSjiarafl CBi^A'^niB o6'h ero BocnBTaBiB b'b a'^tcts'^ b 
lOHocTB B 061* OTBomeHiflX'B KTb HeMy EKaxepBHu II B AaBaB oKaxyK), 
HO flpKyio B 6oraTyK> hobumb bjib MaJio aKcnJiyaTapoBaHHUMH 
Bi> Hamefi JiBTepaTyp']^ noApodaocTAMB xapaKTepBCTHKy npaBAenlH 
UaBJia HeTpoBBHa. B-b Bucmefl CTeneBB BBTepecHO 3a^cb Bnep- 
Bue Hane^^aTaHHoe aBTopoM-b nncBMO AACKcanApa k'b JIarapny 
orb 27 ceHT. 1797 r., Koxopoe 6ujio nocAano cb Hobocbabho- 

BUM-B B 819 KOTOpOM-B HaCAi^ABHKl> UpeCTOAa FOpBKO ;iCaAOBaAC)l 

Ha ycraHOBBBmieoi b-b Poccib nopxAKB, saciaBBBniie ero hokb- 
HyxB ero npe»CHift nAant oxpft^cniH orb BAacxB ,,MHi^ AyMaAOCB, 
nacaji-B sa'^cb AAeKcaHApiJi hxo ecAB KorAa-AB6o npBAerb a Moft 
HepeA^B uapcxBOBaxB, xo, bm^cxo Ao6poBOABHaro asraaHiH ce6a, 
X CA'^Aaio HecpaBHeHHo Aynme, nocBjixBB'B ce6si sslrslh^ Aapo- 
BaxB cxpani^ CBoCoAy h rf^wb ne AonycxaxB ee CA'^AaxBca bi> 
<5yAymeMi> arpyniKoio Bt pyKaxi* KaKBX-B-Aado 6e3yMixeB'B" (169). 
3xo nacBMO nosBOABerb x. o. ycxaaoBHXb xoiTb ^aKTi*, hxo npaB- 
ACHie IlaBAa IlexpoBBHa, xaK-B cbabbo noBAWBmee na ace pyc- 
CKoe oCniecxBO, curpaAo BecBua aajKayio poAB a ai* paaaaxiH 
BAefl AjieKcaBApa, nocAy^BB'B js^si aero caoero poAa mocxomi> 
B'h nepexoA'fe oxt* MeHxaaift ero paaaefl wbocth k-b pe- 
• ^opMaxopcKHM-B cxpeMAcaiaM-B Hanajia uapcxBoaaaiH. KaKt 
SXB ae anoAHi^ ycn-femHua cxpeiiAeaia, xaKi* h Bai&maaH no- 



44 P7CGB0E BOFATCTBO. 

jiHTHKa PocciH, CB 1805 r. cocpeAOTOHHBinaH Ha ce6^ nonn 
ncKJiioHHTeJiBHO BHBiiaHie AjieKcaHApa, Hanura ce6i& o6cT05nejtb* 
Hoe B3o6pa»ceHie bi> paacKasi^ r. EDLnjibAcpa* MeH'£e ocTaHaBjqi* 
Baercfl nocji^AHifi Ha pe^opiiaxx, npoHSBeneHHUxx npn ynacTis 
OnepaHCKaro, oobc^mb He nepejxaBafl m. np. aHaiieHHTaro njiana 
nocjii^AHHTo; 3aT0 pa3puBT> cb HHMB AjieKcaHApa H3jioxceH%> 
aBTopOMi» 6iorpa$iH ci> 6om>moK) TmarejibHocTbio h, 6jiaronap» 

BHeceHHUMB B'h dTO H3JI0XCeHie HOBSOTB nOAP06HOCTflM'b, OHa 

no3BOJuerB acw^e npencraBHTB ce6% ocraiomeecsi eme ni&CKojibKo 
3arajioHHUMi» bi> cbohxi> jiersLJixxiM naAenie CnepaHCKaro. Hobuh^ 

XOTSl H He CTOJIB yiKC HHTepeCH£UI, nOApo6HOCTH HBT^IOTCJI H B% 

AByxB nocji^AHHXB rjiasax-B pa6oTU r. IILun>Aepa, nocBHnxeH-^ 
Hnxx anoxic p^mHTeJiBHofi 6oph6u cb HanojieoHOMB h nocjriA* 
HCMy AecflTHJil^Tiio ^H3HH AjieKcaHjxpa. TaicB, yicaxceMB na npH- 

BOJXHMUfi aBTOpOlfB HpoeKrB QHCBMa HMH. AJieKCaHJXpa KB Ha» 

nojieoHy no noBojxy ByxapecTCKaro iinpa, cBHjr^TeJiBCTByiomifit 
KaKB CHJiBHO 6hjio bb 1812 r. y AjieKcanjxpa ^e;iaHie VL36ty§CATh 
BofiHBi CB Opanuiefi (247), na hhcbmo Kopojiesu ropTeH3iH Ajie- 
KcaHjtpy OTh 25 iiapra 1815 r., bi* kotopomb ona DUTajiacB- 
npHMHpHTB ero cb B03BpaTHBmHMCfl CB 3jib6u HanojieoHoin^ 
(332-3), HaKOHeuB na H3JiaraeiiBi5i aBTopoM'B nonuTKH JIarapna. 
H IlappOTa nooii^ 1816 r. BepHyTB rocyjuapa na nyxB JiH6epa* 
jiH3Ma (373), noHHTKH, KOTOpUH Hc MOFJiH y^e paacHHTUBaTB Ha 
ycni&XB, CB Toft nopBi, Kaicik AjieKcaHzipB crajiB HCxaxB bb no- 
MomB ce6i& „He cm^&jiux'b pe$opMaTopoBB, ho npe^Ae BCero 

HCnpaBHUX'B JX^JIOnpOH3BOAHTeJiefi, 6AHTeJIBHI>IXB H CTpOrHXT*' 

6ji]0CTBTejieft BH'^^mHsro nopAAKa" h nepeAaJii» ^6peusi 3a6orB 
no BHyrpeHHeMy ynpaBJieniio HiinepiH bb iicecTKi^ pyiCH Apax- 
Heesa*' (849). HanncaHHofi r. IDHJiBAepoM'B 6iorpa$iH mo^cho 
nocraBHTB b-b ynpeKB, hto bb Heft $aKTU BoenHofi h AHnjioiia^ 
THHecKofl HCTopiH CTiHoiKOMB BHABHHyTU Ha nepBoe ui&CTo cpaB« 
HHTejiBHO CB BHyTpeHHefi ;kh3hbio napona. Cx ota'^jibhumh loarfi* 
HisisiH aBTopa moikho He corjiamaTBcn, Korsa nanp. ohi» GnHTaerK 
BoflHBi 13-ro H 14-ro foaobb npoTHBop^HHBniHMH B£iroAaMB PoccIb 
(265), B nsLxe HaxonHTB bb hhx-b nopoio npoTHBop^nie, ho vh 
o6nieMi> ara 6iorpa$ifl HBJineTCJi TajiaHTJiHBUMB h ohchb no- 

Jie3HUMB TpYWWh. 

HecoMHi^HHO ropasHo xpyjxHie 6£uia 3aAaHa r. TaTHmena^ 
KOTopuft BB CBoefi 6iorpa$iH hmq. AjieKoannpa II aoji^kchb 6hurh 

HM'^TB JX'&JIO CB SnOXOft, 60Jr!^e 6jIH3K0ft KB COBpeifeHHOCTH H 

BecBMa iiaJio enie noABepraBmeficji HCTopnHecKOMy Hsc^r^AOBaniio* 
Ho aBTopB AOBOJiBHo jienco cnpaBHJicfl cb 3aTpyAHeHiHMH cBoeft 
Teiiu, npaBAa, ne ctojibko npeoAOJii^BB, ckojibko o6oAjiz vxh. 
IIpH BceMB COJIHAHOMB oSbcm'^ ero Tpyjia, ohb bi» cyntnocTH 
MaJio coAep)KaTej[eHB. BoJiBmas nacTB ero OTAana paBCKa3y ^ 
BoftHaxB b AHnJEOMaTHHecKHXB neperoBopaxB, a bb Toft MCHBoiefti 



HOBHfl SHHrH. 45 

.TA% nLjievh p^Hii o 3a6oTax'B AjieKcaHjtpa 11 no BHyTpeHHeMy 
ycTpofiCTBy HMDepiH, B3Ji03KeHie aBTopa nacTO Kpafiee He5pe3KHO 
H noBepxHOCTHO. nocBsimaJi 6oju>myio rjiasy shshh repoa 6iorpa- 

^iH Bl> IiapCTBOBaHiH HHKOJiaX I, OHX Be HaX0JXHT7> MilcTa B-h 

Heft juisi yKadasiii pojiH sacji'^jiBBKa bi* ceKpeTHUX'B KOMHTexax'B, 
HaaHaHaBiDHZCA juix pascMOTp'^Bifl KpecTBiiHCKaro Bonpoca. IIo- 
AoCBUM^-^Ke o6pa30Mi>f aobojibbo HenojiHo HSJiaras flBH^enie 
aroro BOupoca npn AjieKcaaspi^ IIi obi* ae nepenaerB Aa^e bi> 
caifuxx oGniHx^ Hepraxi* A'^ficTBHTejibsaro ero pi^meHiJi, ho 
3aT0 noApo6HO noB'^CTByen* o k^jiomx pslk^ npa3AHBK0Bi> h 
o6'£noBi>, Ba KOTopuxi* ^npHHHMaji'B ynacrie BMnepaTopi, h na- 

Z0AHT7> BOSMOSHUM'B nepeHHCJIHTB BC^X7» JIBm», KOTOpWi B6HfiaJIH 

rB03AH Bx ApeBKo Do^ajioBaHHaFO Bi> 1868 r. jiefiCx-rycapairb 
SHaMeHH (646). Ki> touy-Me BaE6oar]&e ocrpue MoiieHTiii BHyTpea- 
Befl XCB3HH rocyAapcTBa bi> onBcuBaeMufi nepioAi* H3o6pa^eHU[ 
r. TaTBmeBUMi jocajieKo ne b-b Taxofi cTeneaa sine ira et studio, 

ICaKT* 8TO npBJIHHeCTB0BaJI0-6u HCTOpHKy. Be3;iCH3HeBH0e, Ba 

Ji^TOHHCBufl MaBepi* necTpoe H3Jio»eHie, ycBoesHoe asTopoMi, 
Heiiajio cnoco6cTByen> oCmeiiy Be6jiaroBpiaTHOMy BneHarji^Hiio, 
BUHDCHHOBiy fl3'i> HTenifi pa6oTii r. TaTHmeBa, xota bi> Heft ecTB 
H B'^KCTopue Jiio6onuTHue nacTHue BUBsojihi^ na KOTopuxi* uu 
y:ice He BioxceirB cefiHacB ocraHaBJiBBaTBcs. SaxaHHEBan cBoft 
cntTh^ Be M0^eMi> He nb^ejiarb bi* BHxepecaxi ny6jiBKB, HTo6ia 
r. niBJiBAepi BunycTBjn cbok) paCoxy ota^^jibboA KHBroft, TaKi> 
icaKi> BTb Eiorp. CjioBap^, nina, Koroposiy PycciCHMi> Hct. 06- 
mecTBom sadBaneBa npesM^pHo BucoKaa^lO p., oHa Mo^erb 
6uTh AOCTyDHa cpaBBHTejiBEO Be6ojiBmoMy HHCJiy HBTaxejiefi. 



mapjiB JlerypHO. 4ftH3lojiorifl erpacroft. nepesox^ e% ipamsr^ 
•taaro B. B. CBanoBCRaro. 1896. II. 1 p. 

XoTfl pyccKifl nepeBOfl-B „OB3iojioriH crpacxeft** h npHHajvie- 

JKSLTh BTb naHHHfi MOMeBXl> KTb HHCJiy „H0BMX1> KHHTB**, HO BTb 

nojyiBBBHK'fc 8XO flaacKo Be HOBaB KHHra, 3xo oCcxobxcjibcxbo 
cjii^yexi. BMixB B-B BBjiy npH HxeniH khbih. KoneHHO, Koraa 
HHxaxejiB, Biemp., yBHAHXT>, hxo aBXopB (aa cxp. 194), ^ejias 
yKa3axB na nacxoxy jxymeBHux-B 3a6oji'feBaHift btm GojiBmnx'B ro- 
pojiax-B, nojiB3yexcB AasBuiiH, corJiacHo KoxopuMi. Ilapn^iCB 
Mu^tvh Bcero 890,0C0, a JIobaoh-b Bcero 1.400,000 «Hxejiefl,— 
TO jienco AoraAaemBCjar, hxo AaHHua, icoxopuMH nojiB3yetcfl 
aBxop-B, AOBOJiBBo ycxap'^JiH. Ho b-b Apyrnx-B ii^cxaxi* KHHra, 
Hanp., B'h TJiasi oC'b aiioiiiH, dxa oxcxajiocxB Be xaicB dajf^xHa. 
Bnpo^eMi*, 6ujio 6hi Kpafine HecnpaBeA^Bo yxBep^icAaxB, hto 
•KHBra JlexypHo b b* Apyraxi cbobxi> oxA^Jiaxi cxojib Hce hc 
cooxB-^^TcxByexTt BOB^flmBinb AaHHUH'B, KBJCb B'h BumenpHBeAeH- 
HOMi* npBM%p% cxaxHOTHKB IlapfliKa H JIOHAOHa. 



46 PyCCSOB BOrATGTBO. 

ECJIH-6U KHHra JlerypHo 6ujisi oGpamena ki> cneiiiaJiHCTaMi», 
TO MHorQHBCJieHHbiH pa6oTLi, noflBjisBmisica nocji']^ esi buxojisl 
B-b cB^n., Kone^fflo, CflifejiajiH-6fii ee ycrap'^Bmeio. Ho aBXopi 
HM^ji-B B-h BHHy npyryio k^^jib: ohii xot-Bjix nosnaKOMHTb mnpo- 
Kyio ny(5jiHKy cb $H3iojiorHHecKOK) ochobok) h ncHXRHecKHM-b- 
upostEJienieiATy CTpacreA; a pa3pa6oTKa btbx'b BonpocoBB aa no- 
cjii&HHee BpcMa ne HacTOJitKO nojiBHHyjiHCB Bnepen-B, '^toOh sto 
Morjio oco5eHHo OTpasHTBCii Ha nonyjinpHOM'B H3Jio)KeHiH. 

^CrpacTB ecTB chjibhoc h flJiHiejiBHoe aceJiaHie, KOTopoe 
BjiaoTHo ynpaBJwex-B pa3yMHBiMi> cymecTBOMi*'* (ctp. 100). Ta- 
KHMis oCpadoiifB, nOCHOBofi cTpacTH ABJifleTCA ^ejiaHie** (CTp. 101), 
a >KejiaHie ecxB ne hto hhoc, KaK-B ncHxoJiorHiecKoe Btipa^eBie 
HeyjxoBJieTBopeHHofl noxpeCHOCTH. ,,noxpc6Hocxb^ x. e., coanaH- 
Hfcift opraHH'^ecKift HunyjiBCB, o6pa3yioinifl ocHOBy cxpacxH, mo- 
>KeTi. 611IXB CBenena kx xpeM'B GojiBmHifB rpynnaMi* noxpe6Ho- 
cxed nHTaxeJiBHuxi>, ceHCHXHBHux'B h MoaroBUXB... ho, ^T06£I 
sacJiyxcHTB HaasaHie cmpacmu^ ny^HO^ hxo6u noxpe6Hocxh 6ujia 
ycHJiena hjih BnflOH3Mi&HeHa, 6Jiaroziaps[ cneiiiaJiBHoft opra- 
HH3aixiH, X. e., 6j[aroAap5i xoMy, hxo spa^H BapBapcKH oKpecxHJiH 
udiocwHKpasiefli^ hjih 6jiaroAapH socnHxaHiK), npHBUHid^ h np. 
Kb' bxhu-b-xo aHopMajiBHuiTB $opMaMi> npeyBejiHHeHHoft noxpe6» 
HocxH, cxaBmeft cyxBio ^hbhh, h nysHO hphm'^^haxb cjiobo cmpacmt'^ 
(cxp. 100). 

JABTi npefluflynxaro onpefl^jienia cji'SjiyerB, hto HeB03Mo^Ho 
BnoJiHt nepeHHCJiHXB bc*]^ cxpacxa. BcsiKoe sKejianie MO^erB bu- 
pocxH Ao cxeneHH cxpacxH, a kxo Mosexi* cocHHxaxB ^Kejianiii 
qeJioBi&Ka? BcjiH 6hi axo h 6huio boshoxcho jijisl HacB, JiiOAeft 
KaBKascKoft pacH, xo cnycxH cxo ji^x-b npHmjiocB 6h[ HSM-^HaxB 
BecB CHHCOKB H fla^ce huh% Hy^ceHB 6hijrh 6bi oco6bift nepeneHb 
HJin BCHKoft pacu, Aa^Ke unsi Bcsicaro Hapo^a. Ho ecjiH h hcjibsh 
cocxaBHXB CHHCKa Bc^xi) cxpacxefi, xo mo^ho Boo6nie Jienco hxb^ 
KJiaccH^BmRpoBaxB, H dxa lOiaccH^aKaixiii Cy^exB noBxopenieirB 
KJiaccH$0KauiH noTpe6HOCxefi, Bneiaxji'^&Hifl, BMonift, x. e. nep- 
BKHHUX-B BJiCMenxoB-B cxpacxH. H xaK-B, jierKO crpynnnpoBaxB b-b- 
TpH oxfl-fejia Bci& HCJiOBiiecKijar cxpaoxH, h npn xaKOM-B pacnpe- 
ji^jitmn MU MO^eMi* 6lixb yBi^penu, hxo ne norp']§mHirB hb npo- 
THBB nponiJiaro, hh npoxHB-B Cyflymaro h Aa^HMB cxcMy, npa- 
ronHyio fljia bcSx-b nejiOB-feHCCKHx* pacB, hoa-b KaKoio 6h hih- 
poTOK) OH']^ HH JiCHJiH. Y HCJioB^Ka ecxB cxpacxH nHxaxejiBHLiH, 

CeHCHTHBHfcia H M03rOBHfl* (cxp. lOl). 

3XHX1» BMHHCOK'B BHOJIH-fe flOCXaXO^HO, 1X06tI ^fflXaXCJIB HO- 

3HaK0MHJicfl CO BsrjiHflOM-B JIcxypHO Ha (J)H3iojioriio cxpacxeft. 

Mbi npHMCMi* 3a hcxoahuA nynKT-h onpeA'^Jieaie cxpaciH, 
KaKB CHJiBHaro h AJiHxejiBHaro JKejianifl, h ocxaBHM'B 6e3'B pa3- 
CMOTpi&Hifl Bonpocu oC-B oxHoraeniH cxpacxeft k-b npyrnM-B hchxh- 
HeoKHMi. sLBJiemawh. SaM^XHMB xojiBKO, 1X0 H axH BonpocBi(Hanp.» 



HOBUfl RHHTH. 4T 

BonpocB 061^ OTHomeHia SMoixifi h cxpacrefi) pa3pa6oTaHi> 7 
aBTopa He bhojih*^ yjxa«iHO. Mu ocTaHOBHMca tojikko na Jinjuix 
Bonpocaxi.: o KJiacca^HKaiiiH cTpacrefi h oCi* ycjioBiax'B boshhk- 

HOBeHifl JlXTb. 

KjiaccH(|)HKani5! cxpacxeft BuieTb y JTexypHO ojiho hocxohh- 
cxbo: ona ocHOBana ea oxnpaBJieHi5ixi> opraHHsua. Ho n%Jio bi* 

XOMl), HXO MUCJIB KJiaCCH(|>HaHpOBaXB HyBOXBOBaeifl COOXBi^XCXBeHHO 

oxnpaBJieHiHMi> opraHHsiia He HOBa: y^ice ApHCxoxejiB BucKasu- 
BaJii* axy mhcjib, a bi* HacTonnxee BpeMfl OHa rocnozxcxByex'B b-b 
ncHxoJioriH HyscxBOBaHifi. IIpHJio^eHie Hce dxofl mucjih y Ha- 
mero aBxopa HeynaiHO. ABxopi> noHajiii cbok) aaflany HepesHyp-B. 
npHMOJiHHeflHO, Cjiarojxapsi ncMy bo BC^&xt xpext KJiaccaxt cxpa- 
cxeft Bcxp^iaioxcfl coejiHHeHia pasHopoflHux-B ajieMeHxoBT>. TaKi>, 
Hanp., Ki HHCJiy ^nsxaxejiBHUXB^ cxpacxeft aBxopi> oxhochx-b. 
,,cxpacxb Ki» BHHy". Ho „cxpacxB k-b BHHy" hm'^cx'b xojibko oflHy 
oCmy'io Hepxy co „cxpacxBK) kb ifeni&", a HMeHHO xy, hto h ^^a 

H BHHO BXOnHXB Bl> OpraHH3M'B HCpeBB pOXB. OHeBHffHO, 3XOrO 
CJlHinKOUB MaJIO flJIH COeAHHeHlH HXB BB OAEHB H XOXB Se 

KJiaccB y^CBJiBHUxB H AJiBxeJibHUXB ^eJiaeifi^, h6o »,sejiaHifl^, 
jie»camiH bb ochob'£ cxpacxH kb BHHy, coBepmeHHo hccxoahu 
CB ^^eJiaHiflifH*', Jie^canxHMH bb ochob'^ o6»copcxBa. noxpe6H- 
xejiB BHHa pyKOBOAHxcfl, Bo-nepBUXB, ^)KejiaHieMB^ hbb'^^cxbbixb 
BKycoBuxB omymeaift, a Bo-BxopuxB, (h axo caMoe rjiafiHoe) 
„»ejiaHieMii'* BusBaxB H3B^cxHoe o6mee B036y>KfleHie, HBJiaio- 
meecH cjii&jicxBieMB hhcxo MosroBUXB npoiieccoBB. A no KJiac- 
cH^HKaiitH caMoro Jlexypno nepBoe ^ejianie aoji^kho Jie^axBBB. 
ocHOB* ^ceHCHXHBHHXB cxpacxefl", a Bxopoe — BB ocHOB^ ^Moaro- 
BuxB cxpacxeft**, KjiaccB „ceHCHXHBHuxB'* cxpacxeft xo^Ke co- 
cxaBJieHB Beyna^Ho. Kb hhmb aBxopB npn^HCJiflexB bc^ acxexH- 
Hecxifl aMOixiH, Koxopux, xaKHMB o6pa30MB, pa3CMaxpHBaioxc5i 

UCKMOHUmeAhHO BB nXB 3aBHCHMOCXH OXB BHi^mHEXB opraHOBB 

HyBcxBB. Fjiyxoft BexxoBeHB, npoAOJi^aiomifi codjxaaaxB iiyau- 
KajiLHUH npoH3Bej[eHifl, HBJinexcfl HarjiHKHUMB onpoBep^iceHieMB 
nojio6Hoft xoHKH 3p'£Hi5i. HaKOHeuB^ H KjiaccB nM03roBUXB cxpa^ 
cxeft" o6pa30BaHB HeyjiaHHO. CaMB asxopB noHHMaexB, hxo, 
^cxporo roBopH, bc% cxpacxH hm'^&iotb M03roBoe npoBcxoHCjxeHie" 
(cxp. 122), HO OHB onpaBAUBaexcfl xi^MB, h'xo |,bb hhsiiihxb 
cxpacxHXB... M03rB HrpaexB BecBMa Majiyio pojiB** (cxp. 122). 
Ho eABa JiH uoyKHO corjiacexBca cb xI&mb, hxo, nanp., npH acxe- 
xH<iecKOMB cosepixanin |,M03rB'* HrpaexB MeHBioyio pojiB, h'^mb 
npH nojioBoft jik>6bh, Koxopyio asxopB oxhochxb kb ?BCJiy ^mos- 
roBHXB cxpacxeft*'. 

HepexoflH kb Bonpocy o BOSHHKHOBemH cxpacxeft, iiti oohxb 
jlojiyKBhi yKa3axB na He^ocxaxKn KHBrn. AsxopB He jx^aevh no. 
axoMy Bonpocy bhojih^ acnaro h onpeai&JieHHaro oxBllxa. Ho ohb, 

OHeBHJXHO, CKJlOHaeiCa KB XOMy OXB^Xy, HXO CXpaCXB B03HHKaeiB 



48 pycGKOB BorATgiBO. 

y JIIOAefl COOTBi&TCTBeHHO CB BCKJIIOHHTeJIBHO CHJIBHUMl pa3BH- 

TieuTh cooTB'^TCTByiomHX'B opraHOB-b. FoBopfl Boo6me, cnpaBCA- 
jiHBOCTB 8Toro yTBepxcAeHifl TpyAHO ocnapHBaTB: cjiHmKOMi» one- 
BHjxBo, HTO ji'^j]Te;]bHocTB Ka^Aaro oprana nojiHcna 6hnh nponop- 
iiioHajiLHa ero pasBHTiio. OAHaKO, BupaiKa^iCB h%ckojibko napa- 
AOKcaJiBHO, Mo^Ho sajdi^TBTB^ HTO CDpaBejuiHBOCTB STOFO yTsepxc- 
AeHifl cJiBmKOMii oHeBHAHa, hto6u ea Heii'B ctohjio ocoCenHO 
ocTaBaBJiHBaTBOi. Majio Toro, ecJiH A'^jio HAen* He o cmjm u 
ycMbtuHOcmu A^iiTejiBHocTH BBB'^^cTBaTO opraHa, a o cmpacmHOcmUj 

OoeAHHeHHOft C-B aXOIO Ai^HTeJIBHOCTBIO, TO, OHeBHAHO, HyXCHO npH- 

CM B BO BHHMaBie H Apydc $aKTopu. CnpaBeflJiHBocTB Hamero 
aaii^HaHifi CA^JiaercH ^CHle Bcero npH pascMOTp^HiH t-^xb CTpa- 
CTeft, KOTopuji nocTaBjienu HainHMi> aBTopoMB ea nepBom M-i^cr^ 
no „6jiaropoACTBy". 3to — cxpacxB k-b nOTHCKaaiio hcthhh". Ecjih 
y OriocTa KoHxa h Cohhosbi cxpacxB kb HayK'§ e MOXcexB 6uxb 
o6'BflCHeBa MoryHHMB pasBHxieMB rxb Mosra, xo, sa xo, ki» BopAa- 
JQ[eMyjieHy, rop'^BmeMy He MeHBineio crpacxBio kb HayR'^, noAo6- 
Hoe o6'BJicHeHie hchphao^hmo, h6o, no cosHaHiio caMoro JlexypHO, 
y „BopAa-HeMyjieHa... ynt eHAB HeHSM-fepHMO CJia6'fee" (cxp. 177). 
C-h Apyrofi cxopoHH Texe, mosfb Koxoparo 6uai>, kohchho, ohchb 
xopomo pasBHXTb, ne oCHapy^HBajit h Accaxofl aojih cxpacxHO- 
cxh EopAa-JLeMyjieHa. KonenHO, Fexe Chuvh coBepmeHHo xoao- 
AeHB cpaBHHxeABHo, Hanp., ch MOHaxoM-B CoyxH^ Koxopufi caMB 
o ce6% BBipaxcajicH xaKB: ,,BCKpfcixB aiuhkb cb hobumh h cxa- 
puiiH KHHraMH... paficKoe yAOBOJiBCXBie, hh noAaraio, hxo Aa»ce 
CB. Ilexpi He cA'^AaexB mh'§ 6oJiBaiaro yAOBOJiBCXBis, KorAa cxa* 
xcexB: BXOAHxe, Barae iffccxo sAi&cB'* (cxp. 170). 

HaMB npHmjiocB yKaauBaxB rjiaBHUMB o6pa30MB Ha hcao- 
cxaxKH KHHrn JlexypHo, h CjiaroAapa axoMy HHTaxeAB MO^exB 
cocxaBHTB HenpaBHJiBHoe MB'^^nie o AOCXOHHCXBaxB KHara. IIo- 
axoMy Mu saKJiionHMB Hamy peixenaiK) CA'§AyK>mHMB o6mBM'B sa- 
M^ianieM'B. Bcjih KHnra Jlexypno h ne HBJiHexcsi ^^BKJiaAOMB bb 
HayKy", ecjiH caMOcxoflxeJiBHaa xeopexHiecKaH nacxB b-b Heft h 
cjia6a, xo, cb Apyrofl cxopoHti, HecoMH'feHHO, hxo ea anxopB Ha* 
cxojimift yneHtifi, xopomo yceoHBniift AyxB cospeMeHHoft HayKH 
H pesyxBxaxBi HayHHUXB H3ucKaHifi. Ero KHHra coAepacHxi> mho- 
^ecxBo noyiHTeJiBHuxB CB-^^A'^nifi h yKaaanid, a ea o6ma^ xen- 
AenaiH BHAHa H3b cji'^&AyioaiHXB cjiobb, koxopumh aBxopB naHH- 
HaexB CBoe ^npeAHcnosie^ h koxopumh uu saicoHHHMB Hamy pe- 
nensiio: 

„OAHa o6niafl HAex BUxeKaexB h3b axoft khhfh, axo HMeHHO 
xa BejiHKaji cospeMenHafl HAea, Koxopyio JTaaiapKB, AapBBHB h 
HX'B yqeHHKH nycxHAH BO BcecB-i^xHfaift o6opox7>, EAeH aBOAioilia, 
T. e., nocxeneHBaro pa3BHxiji. OnHCUBaa cxpacxH, uu nonuxaAHCB 
HafipocaxB KpynnuMH mxpHxaMH toxi» nyxB, no KoxopoMy cjii^- 



HOBUA KHHn\ 49 

jiyiorL OTfl-ljiBHfciH jiHua h o^mecTBa, ^ejiaiomin nojiHflTi»cfl aai* 

XCHBOTHarO COCTOflHia flO COCTOHHlfl HCTHHHO HeJlO'R^HeCKKTO^ . 



Ufidhph Jott6po30. Besyxle upeasAe h TenepL* nepesox^ ci 

HTajiLiiHCKaro. Hs^^anie H. JleftHeaCepra. O^ecca. 1897 r. 

3Ta He6ojii>maH CpomiopKa san^Ta p^meaieM'B Boupoca o 

TOMl>, yBejlH^BBaCTCfl JIH ^HCJIO ^vraeBHUX7> pa3CTpoftCTBT> CT. 

pa3BETieMi> nHBBJifl3aiiiH. He6o/ii>mofl 06'he^'h 6poiniopu yKasjbi- 
Baexi* Ha to, hto aBTopi. ne nMraexca jiaxB oKOHqarejiBHuft 
OTB'ferL Ha nocraBjieHHMft hmi> BonpocB. B-b caMOM'B K'^'^, t^ 
HCtopHKO craTHCTH^ecKiii naHBBia, KOTopHMH nojiBsyexc^ asTOp-B 
npH 6i&rjioMB oCaop^ cjiynaeB-B flymeBHHxii paacrpoflcTBi^ b-b 
pasHbiH BpeMCHa h y paajiHMHiix'B HaponoBi*, cKop^e HJiJiiocTpH- 

pyiOT-B, H'^&M'B OCoCHOBhlBaiOrB MUCilB aBTopa. 

Ocmift BUBo;x'B, Ki. KOTopowy npBBojiHrB asTOpa ero Hcro- 
pHKO-craTHCTHHecKoe HaHCKanie, xaKOB-B: „H raK-B, y rpyCaro 
HeKyjiBxypHaro Hacejieflia no^araaie h noKjaoneHie CesyMHUMT* 
yMHO^aex'B hx-b ^hcjichhocxb, xojina cji'fejtyexi> sa hhmh h naxo- 

JIIiX-B H-B HnX-B CBOHXT, BO)Ka ROB'S; y KyJIBXypHUX-B 3iC^ HapoflOB-B 

CeayMie KacaexcH ne Hanifl, a HHHHBHjtOBi>, h CHHxaexca sfl-fecB 
HeCqacxieMB. Y^e ounoro axoro o6cT05ixejrBCXBa KocxaxoHHo^ 
■qxoCu ocjia6HXb ananeHie HCCOaiB'feHHO noKaaaHHHro <I>aKxa, hto 
pocxB noMi&inaxejiBcxBa HaxoOTxcH bi> hphmom-b oxHomeniH ki» 
UHBHjiiiaaniM*' (CTp. 42—3). 

Mu He cxaecM'B ocnapHBaxB axoTB bmbootb, ho xojibko sairfi- 
XHM-B, HTO HscJi-^jxoBauie JloM6po30, no;io6Ho jipyrHM-B aacji-fejto- 
BaniflM-B bij axofi oOjoehcth, CTpaaHexi> oflHHM-B cymecxBCBHUM-B 
HeAocxaiKOM-Br aBxopi> He OTO'fijiHex'B r^X'h noM^maxejiBCXB-B^ 

KOTOpUX CBilSaHhl CB CaMOlO CymHOCXBK) UHBHJIHaaUlH, OT-B X^X1>,' 

KoxopuH HBjiflioxcH pesyjiBxaxoMTa Boa^i'feflcxBifl cJiynaflHbix'B, no- 
6omkux:b npoflyKxoBB uauHJiHsauia. Ajikofojib, xa6aKi>^ Mop(J)ifl, 

BOICattH-B, B^fTb H T. JI,, BCe dXO HpOAyXXU • UUBBJlBSauiH H, 

BM-fccrt CB x-feMB, BCToqHBSH orpoMBaro Hiicjia noMisiiiaxejiBCTBi»«. 
Hu ecjiH Cu fla)Ke Gu.io jioKaaaHO, mxo 'lejiOBi&iecxBO HHKorMa 
He H3')aBaTCH ot-b aJiKoroJTJi, xa6aKa n x. n., xo, b. e-xaKu, xott>, 
Kxo ^KeJiaexTj flocxHrnyxB acnaro noHHMaHisr c:^m3h unBUJiHsauiH 
H noM'lfemaTeJiLCXBa, jioJDKeH-B bua^Jihxb bi> oco6yK) rpyiiny 
liOMi^iuaxeJiBCXB^, BuaBannwH ync TpeG.neHieM-B sthx-b hoCohhux-b 
lipoiiyKTOB-B uiiBiiJin3auin. jl'icapn, paa^B ^xo ajiKoroJiB ^i&JiaexcH 
MM-B ;nocTynHWM'L, upenaioTC^T ntHHcxBy cb HeoOya^aHHOCXBio, 
jtajicKo iipcBocx jxameio HeB03:nep^aHHocTB nH?-iijiH30BaHHbix'B- 
iiauiil; c;iT»;iou:iTeJibHO, iioxpedn ctb b>. aJiKoro.i^ hc ccxb upo- 
jxyivT-jb UH! iLnii3auin, a iipci- ktov^-b miBH-Tiisaniii 5iB-75iexc» xojibko 
B03M0>KH0CTi> y3.ou.ieTBop5iTb sxy noTpeGHocxB. riporreccB XHJliu 
Upmieji'B KB oTKpuxiio aJiKorojiH h Moptjin, a axo ycHJiHJio itbsih- 



1 



50 PyOGSOE BOFATCTBO. 

CTBO H nopOAHJIO MOp(|)HH]a3Ml», HO nbflHCTBO H M0p(|>HHH3M'B TaiOiCe 
He MOryX-B CHBTaThCH BblTeKaiOmRMH ns-h CymHOCTH aHBHJIHSaiXiH, 

KaK^b, Haap., MomeHHHHecTBo He uoysctTb ciHTaTbcsi npojiyKTOMi* 

napOBHTOCTH, XOTH H HeCOMH']^HHO, HTO flapOB^TUfi qeJIOB^KT>, 

ecjiH aaxonerb, to cyM-feex-b jiy^me o6MoineHHH<iaTB, H^wh hcjio- 
B^K'h 6e3j(apHfaifi. 

CoBC^MB ^(pyrHMH upHSHaKaMH OTjiHHaiOTcs AymeBHLiH pa3- 

CrpofiCTBa, CBASaHHUH (Tb CaMOiO CymHOCTbK) IlHBHJIH3ailiH, T. e.y 

ci> 6oji']^e HHTeHCHBHOK) AyxoBHOK) ^KHsuiio. 3th pa3CTpodcTBa 

TaKl> Hefl86i^}KH0 CBJI3aHbI Cb IXHBHJIB3ailiefi, HTO B03M0)iCeH'b BO- 
npOCB O T0M1>, He BeAeTl» JIH IXHBBJ[H3aixiH Kl* BUpO)KAeHiK). Bl* 

cyiuHOCTH, 3A'^cb BonpocB CBOAHTCH Ki) cjii^AyionxeMy: Ka.K'h bc- 
:aHKa ra pa6oTa, KOTopyio MOSKer-b BbiHecxH HepBHaa CHcreiia 
cpeAHflro qejEOB'^Ka? Hto cb aH8HJiH3aixiefl KOJUH^ecTBo noTpe6Hoft 
pa6oTU yBejiHHHBaeTCfl, — 3to hccomb'^hho; a cs'^^jioBaTeJibHo 
Mo»cHo yTBep5KnaTb a priori, hto h hhcjio HepBHuxii chctcmt., 
He BUAepHCHBaioaiHX'B axofl pa6oTbi, jiojiyscuo yBeJiHHHTbCfl, Ojxna* 
Ko, ecjiH Mu, H36'&»caBinH BumeyKasaHHaro CM'^^meBiH noHATifi, 
T. e.^ oTAi&jiHBmH noM']^maTejibCTBa, cB»3aHHbifl cb cyniHOCTbio 

imBHJIH3aiXiH, OTl> nOM']^QiaTeJIbCTB'B, He CBHSaHHUX'B CB Heio, 3a- 

xoTHM-B onpefli&jiHTB, KaK^B BCJiHKa To.iBKo nepBaa rpynna jiy- 
meBHux-B pa3CTpoflcTBi>, TO, KOHeHHo, npiiAOM-B KTb pesyjiBxa- 
Tawh ropasjxo OoJii^e yx'^^mBxejiBHUMii, 'ij^m'b 3xo o6biKH0BeHBo 
j(yMaK>x'B. 

BedcnopHo, npesM-^pHaji padoxa nepBHOft cucTeMbi Be^exi ki» 
MHoroqacJieHHUM-b ea pa3cxpoflcTBaM'b, ho nyoKHO noMHBXb, ^xo 
H HeflocxaxoHHaa ji'feflxejiBHocxB xo»ce BenexT» Ki. HeycxpoftexBaM-B. 
HanpHM-^^piv, „MepHqeHie'', KoropuMi* cxpaaaioxii MHorie ^khxcjih 
Hamero Kpa&Hnro c^Bepa, cBflsaao cb HeAOCxaxKoii'B h oaho- 
o6pa3ieM'B omymeHiA. 



naxHTH RoHCTAHTitHa JJ^MHTpleBHHa ymHHeisaro. no cxyqaio 

25-JitTU CO AQH soHviifui K. A* ynuHcsaro (21 Aesa6pfl 1870 r. 21 A^Kadpa 
1895 r.) Cn6. 1896. 

Hma yuiHHCKaro He Hy^jxaexcs bi^ iiponaraHA^, h cobc]&mi> 
He Ch axofl u-l^jiBK) BecBMa onpflTHo HSjcaHaHacToamaa Cpomiopa; 
Ha ea o6jiq)§ck^ h buxoahom'b Jiiicrb Kpacyexca HaunHCB: „Becb 
cGop-B CTb H3flaHiH nocxynaexi. na cejiBCKiH HHTaJibHH". 3xa irfeJiB 

BUOJIH^ nOCTOtHSL TOXO HMeBK, KOXOpOMy ACCSTB JlUWh HOCBHTHJIH 

CBOH pi^HH, coOpaHHbifl B'B HacxoHiiieMi> B3AaHla; OHO Hane^axaHO 
Ha cpeacxBa ceMBi YinHHCKaro, oxKpuBaexca coo5uieHieMi> o cxh- 
neHjiiMX-B ero hmchh, ynpe^KAeHaui-B C.-nexepeyprcKHii-B ropoji- 
CKBM-b oCmecxBeuuuMib ynpaBJicnieH-B B-h seMCKofi yiHxejiBCKoJI 
HiKOJii^ H Ha BucoiHXTk 3iceHCKHXii H ne;LarorH<iecKHX'B Kypcaxi», 
a 3aKaHHHBaexcii B3B'iaieaieM:B o npeuiH b-b naMAXb YiiiBHCKaro, 



HOBIIfl RHHra. 51 

7Hpe»CAeHHofi ero ceMLeft h HM'^&fomefi BUAasaTbcs Hpe3i» Ka^nue 
TpHrojiaaa JiyHnreecdHHeHie no ji'^Jiy Hapoflnaro oGpaaoaaHin B-b 
PoccIh. lIocji-feflHeio bx 6poinK)p'^ HanenaxaHa p-fent 3. T. TypcBEMa: 
„K, JX. ymHHCKift, KaKi> pejiaKTOpi. xcypaajia MEHHcxepcTBa 
HapoflHaro npocB-fcmeHiH*' (crp. 199 h cji.). ymnHCKifl peflaKxn- 
poBaji-B axoTB acypaaJi-B Bcero nsa rojia (1860—1861 rr.) h npa- 
jlSLJi-h cMy HCKJiioqfixejibHufi xapaKxep-b oprana neaarorn^ecKaro 
H AHAaKXH<iecKaro. Tenept axo — acypnaji'B yneHiifl, noHxa uhk-I^iix 
He HHxaeMufi, nejiarorHKi^ a jiHjiaKXHK']^ bi* aeacB oxBejieHO hb- 
HXo^Hoe M'l^cxo, H xo CKopl^e Hsis npHjiH^in; npu YniBHCKOMi^ 

ySCjpBSiJl'b BTOTh HHXaJIH, h6o OH-B Cfl-fejiaJlCfl CpejlOXOlirMT. JIJH' 

nm^-h nejiarorHiecKHxii chji'b, caMii pejiaKxopi> nojiHHMaji'B bi> 
^ypnaji^ ne iiajio BHTepecHLiKTi nejiaroruHecKHX'B BonpocoB-b h 
nHcaJii> o BOCKpecHLix'B inKo;jaxi>. CBfl3aBi> jibheocxb axoro pe- 
AaKTopa Ch o6mBMi> xapaKxepOMi> ero ji^JixeJiBHOcxH, r. Fyp©- 
BH^'B xo^e noAHHM^exi) Bonpoci> (cxp. 205) o xcmb, h'&mb 
^jiyHine ecero noHxnxb naiiflxB axoro jxopororo Hawt napoBHXaro 
pyccKaro nenarora, xaKi> aHeprH^ecKa h njiofloiBopao noxpy- 
AHBmarocfl aa nojiBsy paayiiaaro Bocnaxaaia pyccKaro loaoine- 
cxaa a BooCn^e ajih ji^jisl aapojiaaro oGpaaoBaaifl^. Ecjib c pa- 
BeAJiBBo saif^Haaie M. JI. IlecKOBCKaro, hxo ymaacKifl, penaK- 
xapya MaaacxepcKifl opraaB, „Bjiacxao upaKOBaji-B kb ceC-fe nee ' 
pyccKoe oGniecxBeaaoe MB']^Bie^ (cxp. 31), xo ensa-jia mo)k»o ae 
npacoeflaaaxBCfl m. apenjioaceaiK) r. TypeBBia, hxo6h HeMCAieaHO 
npaaaxu Cujia p-i&aiaxejEBBLia u^pu jiJisi BOScraaoBjieaia C.-Hc- 
xepCyprcKaro nejiaroraHecKaro o6niecxBa, ojibbmb b3t> yipeaa- 
xejiefl a fli&axejiBBMXB y^acxaaKOBB Koxoparo Cujit* yraaacKifl. 
3x0 o6niecTBO bb aama saa xo^Ke mofjio 6bi npaKOBaxB kb ce6i^ 
o6n<:ecxBeHaoe BaaMaaie, ecjiaCi*, BospoHcjiaflCB, oao Po6rajio bb 
ce6fl aaflana loro sejiaKaro j(Ba)Keaia, Koxopoe aaa-l&cxao y aacB 
aofl-B BMcaeMB „pacnpocxpaaeaifl yaaBepcaxcxcKaro of^paaoBaaia'*. 
BesB axoro npenjioiiceaie r. Fypena^a, Koxopoe cji'^&flycxB n n- 
^epKayxB, ae bu^jio 6h aaaneaia: 6uxb Mo^exB jiwf^onuxH.i 
conocxaBHXB ero cb nonuxKofl noAo6aaro pojia, npennpanaxoft 
Bx MocKBi&, ra^ no JUHnnisLTJiB^ npo$. n, F. BaaorpaAOBa 
npejinojiaraexcfl yipejiaxB npa yBBBepcaxerfe IleaaroraqecKoe 
CXJmecxBo, b-b ycxaa-fe Koxoparo npejiBaiiBXca jii&axejibaocxb bb 
nyx-fe University Extension. Bb p-feqa II. $. Kauxepeaa ^ymaa- 
CKifi o6b oCnxecxBeaafaiXB a aaxponojiomiecKax'B ocaoBaxB bo- 
cnaxaaia** mu Ka.KB pasB BCxp-feiaeiTB »caJio<5y (cxp. 50) aa x >, 
Hxo „y BacB noixa coBcpmeaao oxcyxcxByioxT* neflaroraMrcKi \ 
o6mecxBa, c-b^sjiu, Kpyxcaa, a nenaroraTecKa^ jiaxepaxypa hc 
nojiBsyeicfl mapoKBM'B pacnpocxpaaeaieMB, nejiaroraiecKie fo- 
npocfai CHExaioxca cneaiajiBuuaa, a ae o6niecxBeBauMa". >]\a< 
jryacB, aaxopi* BecBaa Kcxaxa nofl^ppKaaaeTi^ njiofljiBopHUH 
uucnvL yniaacKaro o6'b o6uiecxBeDaocxa Bocnaxaaia a Heo6xc- 

4* 



52 PyCGKOE BOrATGTBO. 

HHMOCTH ycTppflcTBa nejiarorHHecKaxT> ^aKyjitiCTOB-B jcjia nofl- 
roTOBne^iH neAaroroBi>. Stu mbicjih 6u;ia BucKaaaau o<ieHi>. 
jiaBHo, H Bce-xaKH, Hajio npH3HaTbCH, wh c4)ep-]^ oejiarorH^ecKofl 
Mbi yinjiH c-h xi&xi* nopT> hc oco6eHHO jiajieKo. Hcacb. jibctbo 
neAarora&fH Bamefl cpejiBeA inKo/ibi npocTepaexcM ra.K'b jiajieKo^ 
HTO OHH He'6eai> oc^oBaHig aoAM^HaiOTi> arHxaiiiio ceiibH npo- 
THBi> EBXib, a cji']^AOBaTejiBBo, H upoiuA-h Bcero mKOJiBHaro pe- 
^BMa. CeMBsi KpHTHKyeTi> niKojiy, oiKOJia Heroflycxi* Ha ceu&iD, 
ne^axB He siBJisttTcsi aBxopaxexHofl nocpeflHHuefl b.t> axoft Bpa>Kfl-fey 
cxaHOBJucb Bi> JiHu-fe oxjiijibHWXi* HanpaBJjeBifl na cxopoey to 
xoS, xo jxpyrofi. H bi* STowh cjiyna'fe jhoGoqutho npHCMoxp^xbCS 
Ki* A'^Axe^ibHccxH YinHHCKaro. M. Jl. TlecKOscKli m^ CBoefi p^hh 
„3HaHeHie ^ecxBOBaniji K. Jl. yiDHHCKaro, ero sacjiyra h xpyjibi 
He 6e3"b GCxpoyMia aaLM^xaji-h^ hxo YmaHCKOMy „nrHHaji;jie}KBXi> 
«?ecTb, xaK-B cKasaxb, omKpumiJi Y Hact xoro, hxo HaauB^iCxca** . 
f^enaroFBHecKOK) oOJiacxbio^. ycoBHCKifi xce nepRbifl sslbvlmajicsi a 
pc^pa6oinxaH> axoA oO.iacxB^* (oxp 18). OxKpuxie h paspaGoxKa 
BejiHCb yajMHCKHMi* TJiacHo, Bii QeHaxB, KOxopaH Bi> ero pysaxi*^ 
3acxaBJi»Jia "jHxaxejifl AyMaxb He o nopo^CAeniH (j^opMajibHar ) 
aHxarpHH3M4 MeynjiY ceMbefi b mKOJipfi, a o BjupaGoxicfe uomo^icb- 
xejibBux'B. njicajLOB'h. '^yniHHCKifi, HBxaeM'B bi* ynoAtxHyxofi p^HS 
(cxp. .31), nepBuft HCxojiKOBa;)^ npojsBHBmeecsi xonta bi> pyc* 
CKOM'b odiAecxBi^) Bbjiiy , BJiiHBieMi* IlBporoBa, neAaroruHCCKoe 
ABu^Ke.iie, ocMHcjiBJi-b ero^ AaJii* xohi> h nanpaBJieHie He^axur 
B a6nxecxiiy B-h xa^aKxepno npoiiBHBcaeMCfl bi> xy nopy cxpcM- 
jieHJH Ki> nepeco3jiaBaBiio Bcero yHedHo-BocimxaxeJiBHaro jif^A* 
B-h PoccIh^ Sxa pyKOBojiHm^^H poJib ocxasaJiacb sa yfflHHCKHii'B 
Ap KuBi^a ero ^kbbhb^. Fpy^Sasi nonuxKa copBaxb aBTopuxexi^ 
BTod pyKOB .;^flnxed poJia yuiHHCKaro, o Koropofi roBopuxi* Brt> 
6poinK)p'6 (cxp, 36, 37, 103) rr. IlecKOBCKid h CeMeHoi)i>, Jinwi> 
coA-^^ScxBOBaJia ca. 6oJiBmeft nonyjinpHOCxe. IIocJii^jiBifi opaxopi» 
B-h CBOHXi* p-^Haxi* f^Ai^axejibHocxb K. A. yoiaHCKaro bti CMOJib>iOM'b 
HHcxHTyxi^" (cxp, 105 B CJi.) H „ne;iarorHiecKiH Bflea K, Jl* 
^'^mHHCKaro" (cxp. 135) ocoOchho noAHepKH5Uii> axy uoayjwip- 
Hocxb yuiUHCKaro, KaKi> xBopua pe^opMu npenoAaBaHia &*& Cmojib- 
H0Mi> H KaK'b asxopa mKOJiBBofi KHHPH fl,Ji^ HxeHiH CB o6meo6pa^ 
30BaxejibHbiMi> xapaKxepoAii>. Ecjih apHaoMHaxB, KaKi> MaJio h 
B-b Hauie BpcMH saCoxiixcH o6t> o6meo5pa30BaxeJibHOMi> xapaK- 
xep'i HanaJibHofi h cpaAHeft uikojiu, khicb pano cni^tnax'B ki» 
y3Ko3 caei^iajiBdaixiH n sadHBaiox-b fojiobu y<iamHKCH cyxBMH 
(l)opMyjiaMH H rpaMMaxHiecKHMH ncKJiK)4eBiHMH, xo HflCH yiDHH- 
CKaro a xyx-b Moryxii oKasaxb H-^feKoxopyK) noMomb- „ymHHCKift 
HaxoAHJi"b, ^HxacM-B y r, CcMCHOBa (cxp, 106), hxo KJiaccHan 
Kuiira jiJifl nepBOHaHaJibHaro nxenia flOJi)KHa Hpecji'6;iOBaxb offiue- 
o6pa306ameAbuwi ic^Jia, ^oJi^KHa 6uxb CBo6oABofi oxi* bcakoA xeH- 
ACHaioBHocxH, Hxo rjiaBHlfloiaa 3aflaHa KHara— oCpasoBaxb hcao^ 



VLOBUa BHHrH. 53 

«tbfca, 6KITB „MacTepcKOK) ryMaHHOcTH". PyKOBOflCTByacb bnpejt*- 

JICHHO BMpaJKeHHOft TOIKOft 3pi&Hifl, YrnHHCKift H HaOHCaJTB CBOH 

BHaMCHHTHH KHH)KKH Poduoe CAOdO H JffbmcKiH Miph. E. H. Kop- 
caKOBa B-b p^&qH'^roJiocb hs-b ceMbH" nuraeTca o6pHcoBaTB 3Kh- 
xeflcKyio nx-B pojib, aaiii&iaa, hto bi> pyKaxii ymHHCKaro (Juji-b 
„ceKpeT'B ywi&HBji Haflm Mifepy HHiepeca**, o(5Hapy»ceHHHfl coaep- 
^aaieMi. ^Poj^Horo Cjiob^" (cip. 61). 3to „PoflHoe Cjiobo" h 
,,PyKOBOncTBO K-B npenoflaBaHiK) no PoflHOMy Cjiosy" BH3Ba:nH 
pi^^b B. ^. AspaMOBa, isrh BOTopofi oHi* o6pBCOBUBaeTi> ^SHa- 
Heeie K. /I. YrnHHCKaro kjisl HapoAHux'B y^HTeJieft h mKOJi-B" 
(cxp. 188 H cji.). ABTop-B He ocxaHOBHJicfl CB flocxaxo^Hofl no- 

Jipo6HOCXB» Ha CBOeM-B JiroConaXHOM'B CiO^KeX^ HOXHOCHteJIBHO 

MHorHX-B cymecxBeHHbix'B nynicjOB'B orpaHHHHJiCH HaMeKaicH. Mu 
He 6yAeM'B npexeHjxoBaxB sa axo ka r. ABpauosa: bc^ mu^ hh^ 
mymie h xoBopnmie, BbiHyHCAeBu npnG'i^raxB ki* Mexa^op*]^ h 
HaiieKy TaMi>^ tk^ p^qB Morjia 6li jihxbch cbo5oabo npn HOp* 
idaJiBHUX-B ycJioBijarx-B 3iCHxeflCKofl o6cxaHOBKH, He BfairoBapHBaxBC« 
AO KOHaa H pHCKOBaxB 6hm» noHHXUMH He coBC'I^M'B corjiacHO 
c* HameA ocHOBHofi xo^kh 3p']^Hifl. r. ABpaMOBi) flyMaexT>, hxo 
coBpeMCHHaH HapoflHaH mKOJia jiyqmHMH cbohmh cxopoHaaiH 
npeMcjie Bcero oO^saHa YraHHCKOMy, h ecjiH 6m ohii „Haqero 
Goji-^fee He HanBcajii>, KpoM-fe „PoOTEoroCjiOBa" h „JXi&xcKaro Mipa**, 
xo H xorjia hmh ero 6ujio 6h CBameHHO hjih pyccKofl HapowHoft 
niKOJiM H yB-feKOB-feHCHO BT, HCTopiH pyccKofl Henaroria". Ho pyc- 
cKaa HaponHaa mKOJia h cefinacB He Kocxerjia jio ocynxecxBJieHia 
BC'^x'B 6jiarHX'B npe^HanepxaHifi YrnHHCKaro; Majio' xoro: sa 
xpHAaaxB nocji'ijiHHX'B jrfex-B ycni&Jio HaponaxBca hc uajio ho- 
Bux-B ABJieHifl, KoxopHfl Hjiyxi* eme jcaJiBoie npejinoji03KeHifi 
cxaparo neaarora. Bo mhophx-b mKOJiBHuxi* Heyp«nHaaxT> bhho- 
Baxbi npe^Kse Bcero cawa yqnxejia (cxp. 193), a hoxomt* h hs- 
B-fecxHMH BH'^&niHifl oCoxoflxejibcxBa, KoxopHH jiaB«Ti> pocxi» Hamefl 
o6uxecxBeHHocxH, a BM-feci-^CB Heft mKOJibi h npocB'^meniH. „yKa»cy 
fljiH npHM-fepa, roBopaxi* r. ABpaMOBi>, na neflocxaxo^HOCxb flo* 
B'l^piH Ki> yqaniHM'B, na KpafiHiOK) ckv^xocxb Kaxajiora KJiaccHaro 
qxeniH, Ha 3axpyflHeHi>i bi> oxfcpuxiH noBxopHxejiBHux'B h BOCKpcc- 
Huxi* mKOJiis, na Kpafine njioxofl noA6op7> HxeHid cb ^OHapeui*, 
ea HHHXOHCHOCXB nonroxoBKH, nanaeMoft yiHxoiBCKHMH ceMHwa- 
piHiiH, HaKOHCH'B— Ha nepenojiHCHie idkoji-b yiamHMHCH, na y6o- 
^icecxBo HHHmeHCKoe cymecxBOBaHie naoiHX'B HapoAHux'B mKO/ix^. 
IIpoBona napajiJiejiB Me«j(y jcope$opMeHHoft h HOBoft mKOjroft, 
opaxop-B (Ha cxp. 84) saM'fexHJi'B, ixo b-b cxapoe BpeniH iiepKOBHo 
npHxoflCKifl niKOJiH na 6yMart sHa^HJiHCB xucsiHaMH, a na ca- 
uoyi-hK^ji^ HaciHxuBajiHCB coxh^mh. HxaKx, pa36HpaeMbift c6op- 
HnK-B, HecMoxpa na oflHOo6pa3ie xona h nojiHoe oxcyxcxBie KaK-B^ 
KpHXHHecKaro BJieiieHxa, xaK-B h nayHHofl pa3pa6oxKH, npencxa«- 



1 



^4 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

ji^eTT* fiojitmofl HHTepecB, a npcKpacnaa ni&nL, cb KaKofi ohi> 
fl3jiaHij, aaciaBJiaerb o^B^aTB ero CKoparo nepenanaHifl. 



Eonuccifl no opraHsaaiiiiH AOiarnHflro ^xeHifl, eocTOfln^afl 
npii 74e6HOB'B OT^'b^it o6ii^ecTBa pacnocTpafleHia xexBHTOc- 
Biixi> 3liaHiJf[. — nporpaMJiu AOMamHflro VTeeia as 2-ft roA^ cHCTejiaTH^e- 
cKaro Kypca M. 1896. 

no cTaxb-fe npo$. 11. H. MnjiioKOBa, noM-^axeHHofl bi> Map- 
TOBCKoft KBu^KK^ Hamcro 5KypHa;ia, qHTaiejiAM-B SHaKOMO to bc- 
.THK06 jxBR»ceHie, KOTopoe 8a nocJii&flHee BpeMa oxBaxHJio AHrjiiio 
u AMepHKy, HSB-^CTHo no;ii> cneuiajibHUMT. HaasaHieM'B Univer- 
sity Extension h naxoABTca y nac^ b-b jiHiyfe mockobckoA komhc- 
ciB HO oprauH3auiH AOMaoiH^ro ^qTeHisi eme b-b sapojiumeBOM'B 
coCTOiiHiH. no5iBHBiniflcfl BB neiaxH c6opHHK'B nporpaMM-B flOMani- 
Hiiro HieHia Ha Biopofl toaii CHCxeMaxBHecKaro Kypca CBHA-fexeiib- 
cTByeTB o AOCxaxoiHofl SHeprin, cb KaKod KOMMHccia B3fl;iacB 
3a ocymccxBjicHie BecBMa cjioxchoA aaffann. 06pamaflCB cb npejt- 
jTo^KCHieMB CBoefi noMonpi no npeHiiymecxBy x^ npoeuuuiUy kom- 
MHcciii, KaKi> H3B'§cxHo, uoctaBEJia CBoefl sa^aHefl pyKOBOflHXB 
flOMamHKM'B caMooCpaaoBanieM-B npH nocpejicxBi OKeroflHO H3na- 

LaCMblXT. CCopHHKOB-b nporpaWMB, flOCXaBKH KHHrB OTJX'fcjlL- 
HblMn 3K3eMnjriHpaMB, JflH6o n-^&JIUMH 60Jl^e HJIH MeH^e 06mHpHBIMIl 

^uojiOopaMH", a xaK)Ke nHCBMCHHUx'B CHoraemfi cb HHxaxeJiaMH 
no Hsy^aeMUMB uocji^ixhuuel BonpocaMB. IIoM'^aicHHbiJi bo bxo- 
poMi* BtinycK']^ nporpawM-B „npaBHjia jiJia CHoraeHifl nnxaxejiefl 
CB KOMMHCciefi" nepepa6oTaHfci cpaBHHxejiBHO cb npaBOJuaMa nep- 
Baro BbinycKa. OcoCeHHo Ba^KHUM-B HBJiaexca flonojiacHie (cxp. XI 

H XII) K'B HHM1> O COCXaBJieHiil H HOCXaBKi^ KOMHHCCefl iHTaxe- 

Ji^Mii uifejiBix'B j^nodduoicHbixh nod6opoe^^*^ KHarB, hto cocxaBJiaexi> 
suasMTejibHbift raarB Bnepen-B b-b yneHO-npocB-fexaxejitHofl ;^i&- 
siTCJiBHocTH MocKOBCKofl KOMKHCcin: HpH xaKOMi* caccoCife CHa6- 
5Keaifl KBHraMH MejXBi&jKbHX-B yrjiOB-B Hamefl npoBHHuiH aocxh- 
raexcH, BO-nepBbix-B, BaHBO3M0>KHaH nemcBHSHa no;ib30BaHia hmh, 
a BO BTopuxB, opraHH3auia jiOManiHaro ^xeqia aife/iuMH rpynnaMH 
iMTaxeJieS. CoBMi&cxHoe Hxcnie h MCHBoe oScyacfleaie npo^Hxan- 
Haro Boofime ipeBBUHaftHO no;ie3HO h ^ejiaxejiBHO bb npoBHHain^ 
O'SjtHoa upocB-^fexHxe-JiBHbiMH cpencxBaMH H yneHLiMH opraHHsauiHMH 
DepepaGoTaHbi fljia Bxoporo BunycKa h ^njianu CHCXCMaxH^c 
CKaro qxeHifl no ccmh ochobhumi> oxjii&jiaMB nporpaMM-B** (cxp. 1 — 
IS); Bcero 6oJii&e nepepaCoxKa KOcnyjiacB oxa'^&jiob'b nayK-B Maxe- 
MaTHHeciCHXB H oOmecxBeHHO-iopHjXHHecKBX'B. 4x0 Kacaexca 
ocEioBHod qacTB cCopHHKa, xo ona coAep)KHxi> nporpauMH no 
CJitnyiomBM'B ceMH oxA'^JiaM'B HayK'B: 1) MaxeMaxanecKHM'B, 

2) 0(13HE£O-XHMHHeCKHMBY 3) 6iOJIOrB<ieCKHMB, 4) (^BJI0C0(^CKHMX, 
5) 06mcCTBeHH0-K)pHAHHeCKHMB, 6) HCTOpHHeCKHM-B H 7) HO BCTO- 



HOBUfl KHBFH. 55 

piH JiHTepaxypu. IIo otji^jij HayKi> HaTeMaTHHecKHXT> jiaHO hb*^ 
oTji*jifcHHXi> nporpaMMu: ojina, npecji'feayeTT> HCKJiroHHxejitHO 
oGmeoCpaaoBaTejiBHHfl ix-fejia, jipyraa jiJia 6oji^e o6inHpHHXi> 
cneixiajiBHux-B saHHTifi. IIoM'&ciieHHaa bi> pasGapaeMOMi* BunycK'^ 
oCii(eo6pa30BaTeJii>Hafl nporpaMua no uaTeMaTHKi^ HMi&eTi> bt> 
BHfly „He Bupa6oTKy TCXHaqecKHXi* HaBUKOBi* n He noflpoCHocTii 
xeopiH, a y^ioHeHie ochobhkixi> noHSTifi codepotcamn h rjiaBHEixi} 
HAefi Memoda Bucmaro aHajiHsa^. KaK% nepBufi onbiTi> y 
HacB noAo6Haro pojia o6iHeo6pa30BaTejii>HUXi> KypcoBi*, aia 
uporpaMMa no MaTeMaTHKi& npeflcxaBJiHcrb Cojitmoft bhtc-' 
pecB H HyjKflaeroH b-^ kphthk-^ npe^cne Bcero oti> Jiaiia caMHX-B 
^Hxaxejiefl. 3a xo cobc^mi> HeynoCno noMi&meHic Bt c6ophhk^ 
jlRyx-b nap(MA€AhHuxz nporpaMM-B no $HJioco4)iH: r, Tpoxa h 
r. B']&JiKHHa. UporpaMMa r. Tpoxa HaM-b npe^cxaBJiHexcH cobcSmi* 
HeynaHHoft, oco6jihbo bi> BHAy ea Hepa3pa6oxaHHocxH h noBcpx- 
HocxHocxH. no HCXopiH pyccKofi JiHxepaxypu Aaeo Jis^ KCHi^eHmpu- 
secKuxh nporpaMMu: oflna — ajiji Haxaxejieft, HesHaKOMMXt ci» Kyp- 
coM-B pyccKofl Jinxepaxypu cpejXHe-yic6HHX* saBeflCHift, npyraa — 
jTJia HHxaxeJiefl 6on^e noflroxoBJiCHHtiXTb h 3icejfiaiomBXi> nocBX- 
XHXB Cojibrae xpyjia h BpeMeea Hay^eniD sxoro npeflMexa, HaJinq- 
Hocxb flByxT* nporpaMMT» no ncxo'piH pyccKofi JiHxepaxypu, hs-b ko- 
Topux-h nepBaa ecxB Mexann'recKoe coKpanxenie Bxopofl, neyjia'THa 
no BunojiHeeiK). IIporpaMMa kommhcIh no Hcxopin pyccicofl jinxe- 
paxypu rpaHHHBTB ct 6ojii>n]HMi> KaxaJioroMTb npoH3Be;z(eHifi h 
noco6ifi, Be n^nsifi qaxaxejia xossihbomi rpym>i HaBaJieHHUx'B 
$aKxoBi>. ^To xaKoe jiHTepaxypnaH ncxopia, KaKie b-b nee bxo- 
n^Th Bonpoou, KaKifl oBa cxaBHXi> ce6^ irijin h KaKi* cxpeMHxca 
Ki> HX-B ocymeoxBJieBiio — na Bce 3xo nporpaMMa kommhccIh no 
HcxopiH jiHxepaxypH na^ce ae nuxaexca oxBifenaxB, na neft cb 

0C06eHH0fl HpKOCXBK) OXpaHCaCXCH OCHOBBOft HCflOCXaXOK-B 60JIb- 

niHHCXBa nporpaMM-B— oxcyxoxBie neflarbrH^ecKoft nepcneKXHBM. 
Docjii&AHift HCflocxaxoK'B HacxBK) CBoflcxBCH* jia^e npeKpaoHoft 
nporpaMMife no BceoOnxeft h pyccKoft ncxopin. Bxopaa nacxB c6opHH- 
Ka 3aKJiK)iaexT> btb ceO"^ nporpaMMy ^xenia no axHorpacJjiH, xpexi>a«— 
no ox;ii&jiBHfciM'B BonpocaMTb*) (nocxaBireno iUB'fe xeMu noCiojiorin: 
1) Ha6jiK)KeHiH . Hajn> nxHuaMH, Bcxpi&HaromHMHca b-b jjaHHoft 
M-fecxHocxH b-b abkom'b cocxohhIh, h 2) Ha6;iK)jieHia naxcB Kpyn- 
nijMH 6a6oHKaMH). 3xHorpa(J>HHecKaH nporpawMa nocBamena bo- 
npocaM-B Mi&cxHofl 3XHorpa$iH (o^mee HayneHie HHopojXHCCKoft 
rpynnni HaceJienia Poccin) n oxjienaexca npesM'^^pHofl cjio)KBOCxbk) 
H HCflocxaxKOM-B pyKOBOflanxBx-B BHxefl jiJia HeonuxHux-B nnxaxe- 
Jiefl, KoxopHC Moryx-B cbccxh cboh aanaxia Ha npocxoe sxHorpa- 



*) Upn STOifL cji^^^yerb hm^tb bi> Bi;^y nporpaMMu uTenifl no OTA&rbHUMib 
BonpocaMii, noMtn^eHHHfl b% cdopHHR'b. ^DporpaMM'b AOVAinHflro vreHia ha 
nepBHfi roA% CHCTeMaTH^ecRaro sypca^ (M. 1895.)- 



56 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

4)H«TecKOc KOJiJieKiuoHepcTBo, KypteaHaa cToppna Koxoparo TaK% 
5jpKo cKasaJiacb bi. aTHorpa^H^ecicofl sKcnepxHa-fe no xk^nj nyji- 
TaHCKBX'Br BOT^KOB7>. JX^a MHomxiv vrjioBi. Harnefi npoBHHixia 
BayiHoe osHaKOMJieQie cb BonpocaMH axHorpa^iu 6mjio 6u oco? 
6eBH0 Ba^Ho^ TaKi> hto npHxoxiHTCH noMcajii^Tb o Heocxopojic- 
HOCXH nporpaMtfU, nocxaBSBmeft ^aKxu QjiH^nKOMi* snepejiH ccr 
nepacaHiK. h MexoAa HayKH. HacxHHHbifl ?aMi&qaHiH, jiJia hI&koxo- 
puxi> nporpaMi«b oichk neO^aronpiaxHUH, He iiopxaxi* o6maro 
Bne^axji']&Hifl, Koxopoe bubochoib noucji'fi npocMoxpa paa/^HpaeMaro 
c6opBHKa: pa6oxa KOMMscciH npeACxasj^^excii uaM-z* b^b ituciueft 
cxeneBH 3aM'i&Haxejii>Hofi h i^']&HHod no cBOiUdi> pe3y;iBxaxaMi>. 
Btox-b KOJiaeKXHBHufi YH^Hwfl xpyflij KOMMHCcia B-B nHxepecaxT* 
Hmymeft caMooOpasoBaHia nyf^jiHKH npej^cxaBJiaexB coGojo $aKXT> 
rjiydoKaro o6mecxBeHBaro 3Ha.^eHJ$i, Ha KoxopuS npHxojiHxoa 
CMOxpi&TB CB ^yBcxBOMB caMaro HCKpePHHro yBa>K€Hia, Kommhc- 
cijai np^zXJiaraexB b-b cymHocTH yaaBepcHxexcKie Kypcu, pasc^H- 
xbiHaex'B jiHUiB na . etACimA vo CBoeMy yMcxBeaaoMy pasBHxifo 
ajieMCHXB cjioxcHaro h npaiyflJiHBaro npoBHwaiaJibHaro oCmecxBa, 
Ha JiRm»Y „KoxopMA Mcejiaiox-B cepBeano h ocHOBaxejiBHO osnaKo- 

IftirXBCfl CB xiMB HJIH ApyrHMT* HayHHWMl* OXJli&JIOM'B, HO He 
HIA'^IOX'B BOBMO^HOCXH HSyHHTB aXOX^B OXJlifejl'B BB BUCmefi DlKOJl'fe". 
Mh nOJDKHM CIHXatB 8TO BaflnJICHie KOMMHCCiH CJIHraKOM-B CKpOM* 

huitb: H'^KOxopHe ox;ii&Jiu en nporpaMM-B snojiaife no ayCaMi* 

JiniHB OKOHHHBOIHMB HaOiy BHCQiyK) HlKOJiy, KOXOpaA 3a HO* 

cji'l^jiHee BpeMH chjibho saCpocHiia o6'meo6p<i306ameAhH\Ae HHxepecu. 
Bo BCXKOM'B cjiyna*^ jiaHHUH nporpaMMLi yAOBJiexBopaioxi» se 
MHorHXB; 6o;iBiBB[HcxBo, H GojiBuiiiHcxBo nonaBJiHJcniee, ocxacxcH 
no npe^BeMy tt^-b scAKoft nyxoBHofl OHniH h ycxaMn mhophx-b 

OXA'I^JIBHBIX'B jriHlXB FOpBKO ^KaJiyCXCfl Ha CBOK) CesnoMoniHOCXB. 
BOXT* Ha BTHXl) XO JIIO«eft H flOJlHCHa KOMMHCCi^ ofipaxHXB OBce 

BOHManie, ecjiH xoiex-B ocraxBCH bo rjiaB'fe flBH^enia ki. .caMO- 
oOpadOBaHiio, Koxopoe oxBaxHJio npoBHHuiio. SHUKKjioneaa^ecKisi 
nporpayMbi h nyOjiH^Hue xypcBi bb npoBBRnlH — box-b AaJiBH^^fioois 
BilxH Brb jii^HxejiBHocxH KOMMBCciH, ycn'^BoieA CHHCKaxB BceoCmee 
yBa>{c«Hie. 

Mu cji'fejiajia 6bi Kpynnyio cniHCKy, ecjiH^u He noflHcpKHyjin 
OAHofi oco6eHHOcxH, KOxopaH p']&3Ko 6pocaexcH BB rjia3a npn 

HdyneHiH Z('lflX<'JIBHOCXH KOMMHCCiH*. Heo6UKH0BeHHOd AeUieBH3HH 

ej! HSflaHifi (1 BHnycKB 25 Kon. 3a 12 ne^axHux-B jihctobt>; 
2-ft BHnycK-B— 40 Kon. 3a 22 ne^axnwx'B Ji.) h hhhxohchocxh 
B3»oca 9a nra<«o nojibSOBaxBCH necBMeHHUMB pykoboacxbom-b 
KOMMHCcin. „Co3HaBasi orpoMHyio Ba»cH0CTb xoro jil^Jia, nnxaew-B 
BB npenHCJiOBiH (cxp. VIII), aa Koxopoe B3aJiacB, kommhccIh cB 
BejiHHHflmefl 6jiaro;iapHOCXBio npHMcx-B h cb nojinofi toxobhocxbio 
BocnojiBsyexcg BCHKaro pona npaKXHHecKHMH yKaaaniflMH, KaKiH 
eyflyxTb cni&jiaHLi jiniiaMH, co^iyBCXByiomHMH e« 3a;iaHi&. Kommhc- 



HOBHa KHHrH. 57 

ci» cHHTaeTi» jiojirowh saM-fexHTb^ ito HasHaHeHHHH eio HopMti 
BSHOcoB-b, jiaace npH iiapoBOMi> Tpyfl-^fe pyKOBOflHiejiefl, oKasH- 
Bax>Tc$i eABa AOCTaTOHHHMB AJifl BuaoJiueHiH nocTaBJieHHux.!* eio 
ceG'fe 3azi;a<ii>. ToJibKo Ojiarojiapn Hi&CKOJii>KHMi> KpynfibiMi* no- 
^epTBOBaBi5iiirb, kcmmhccisi Morjia npHcrynHTB kt> cBoeiiy jx^Jiy, 
ii-o fljia Toro, htoCm pc npninjiocB ox-b Hero oTKaaaTtc^, Heo6xo- 
xmus. jxRJihn^&iaasi oCmecTBeHBaH noMompb". HaMi> flywaeTcsf, ito 

O(5meCTB0 nOJiyKHO ropanO OTKJlHKHyTBCH Ba npHSHBt KOMMHCCiH. 



HoBBifl KHHrH, nocTynHBinlfl bt> peAaicniiK), 

eeffOpt COJIory6l>. T*hh. PascKasH H CTHXH. Cn6. 1896 r. IJ. 1 p. 
C. BaOH)KOB1>. Otopkh h pa3CKa8H. Hba. BTopoe, snaiiHTeflLHo Aonoa- 
HeBHoe, KH. Mar. M. M, JTeAepne. Cn5. 1896 r. H. 2 p. 

Aji. By;n;HII^eB'B. CTenaiie bojirh. PascRasu. Cn5. 1897 r. I^. 1 p. 
AHOJIJIOH'B RopHHOORlft. BojiBBafl itTHG^a H Apyno pascsasEJ. Cn6. 

1897 r. n;. 1 p. 

An0Ji;i0Hl> KopsiHOOKift. T*hh xmEH. CTHioTBopenia 1896 — 
1896 rr. Cn6 1897 r. n;. 1 p. 

Kh. a. n. KyrynieB'B. CTHiOTBopenia. M. 1896 r. Ii;. 1 p. 50 k. 

Kyaa. PaacKaBi ;^aa A*Teft H. T. ByH:eTHHa („^*TCKaa 6h6ji." H. T. 
By^erniia). II^a,- BHCo^aftnre yxsepSA- lOasBO-PyccKaro — Ba ne^aTBaro ^^jis. 
OAecca. 1896 r. H;. 15 k. • , 

KpysBHMi. nyTen. PoMaai b% nflm ^acTaz'b M. SHHHHa. (Ceprts 
fflapanoBa). Cn6. 1897 r. n;. 1 p. 50 k. 

H. HOBH^l>. Ci» ^YStnT\ nojiefl. C5opHHE'b CTHXOTBopHKnii nepesoAOB'b. 
Cn6. 1897 r. It. 40 b. 

Novus egfo. Gb^shbbb. Rvb jraTepaTypBaro yBpasa — Bi^qTO MenyapBoe. 
Cn6. 1896 r. Ii;. 50 k. 

DoBMH, AyMH H n*CBH. B. K. ByJiraKOBlM Cji6. 1897 r. H;. 2 p, 
50 k. 

Co6paHie coqEBeeift BBepHCTBepHe EBepHOOHa. ToMi tV. Ilepe- 
B0Ai» M. B. JlyiiHi^BOfi. H3A. sBftronpoAaBi^a— HSAaTesa ^. A. loraBcoaa. KieBi. 
1896 r. H;. 35 k. 

OjiBra njannp'B. JIwCobb. PoMaBi. CnC. 1897 r. Ii;. 2 p. 

HcTOpifl JIHBHKH. OuhlTb HSy^eHifl JIOrBRB OTKpLITift 6% ETh HCTOpfH. 

*?. in. ^asHsa bi> XVII Bte-b, Ota. I- 9noxa omiTa h BezaBBtiecKoft $hjio- 
co^lM. npo(|). H. A. JlJOGHMOBa. €n6. 1896 r. II. 2 p. 50 R. 

Jl^-pi* MeA- n. H. KyGacOB'B. rpH6Raz-B naiiOABaiia. (BasTepioiorH- 
<iecBia H BJiBBHqecKiii ascJitAOBaHifl) Cn6. 1896 r. 

BnifiHie aJKorojfl Ba aepBHyio CBcTeHy. IIonyjiflpHafl jieRi^ifl ;i^-pa B. 
nnreH'B. IlepeBea's ci» n±u. BpaVB H. EpatHBi. Cn6. 1896 r. Ii;. 20 b. 

CoqBBeBifl PeJlBMrojlBI^a, }^ 3. sp'^nlH* Hba. sypaasa ^Hayqaoe 
06o8p*Hie". Cb6. 1896 r. D,. 15 k. 

RoMOTu a BaAyqiH sB'j&aAu- nonyjiapBo-Bayqaua 6ec%AU £2. IIpeAT6- 
^enOKaro. Hba. <E>. ITaBJioBROBa. CnO. 1896 r. H;. 40 R. 



58 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

B. BHTKOBOKlft. Mipi iLnaHerb. AcTpoHouHvecBafl leBi^ifl. Cn6, 1897 r. 

RpaTRoe pyKOBOACTBO Vb co6HpAHiK> pacTeHift h cocraBJieHiio HayiiHaro 
rep6apifl. CocTaBHJiH A. 9. O^iepOB'B H B. A. Oe^6HKo. 23x. asro- 
poBi.. M. 1896 r. H;. 10 k. 

Aiiypi. (EfpHpoxa h jqoah AiiypcKaro Epaa) O. BojirHHa. Hsx. H. IL 
GoftRHHa. Cn6. 1896 r. H 50 s. 

K% zapaRTepHOTHK^ <I)H8Hii6cxaro THna flsyroB'b. AHTponojiOFinKecxift oveps'b 
H. JI. FeKKepa („3anHcsH BocTOVHO-GH6Hpcsaro OrA'bjia Hun. Pye. Teorpa^l). 
06m, no BTHorpa^lH**! Toirb III. Bun. I-uft). EEpKyTOK-B. 1896 r. 

cCTpaea nyAec-B h eTpazoBi>. OvepKi ypiiaHOB-B Tapcsaro h MypOMi^eB- 
csaro jri^cHH^ecTBit. Jlfijui&xh A. Bor;^aHOBOKaro bt» To6oshCKOit'h Myse^ 
2 HoJi6pfl. 

Moerojdfl h mohtojih. PesyiBTaTU no^AU bi MohtoiIk), HcnojEHOHHOft b's 
1892—1893 IT. A. IIoaffH'beBMirB. ToMib I. Hsa. Zim. Pyc. Peorp. 05n^. 
Cn6. 1896 r. 

Hsb'^OtIh. Hun. Pyc. Peorpa$. 06ii(eoTBa, HBAaBaeMua nox^ pex. 
ceRpeTapfl o6n^ecTBa. T. XXXII. 1896 r. Bun. IIL Cn6. 1896 r. 

3an. Hmu. Pyc. Feorp. 06ii^ no o6n^eft reorpa^l^iH. T. XXX, J\& 1. Ha6jD0* 
xenifi uaA'b RaqanifliiH noBOpoTHHZi iiaflTHHSOB-B PeHCooBAa, npoHSBeAenHUA 
B-b nyjiROBt, MocsB^ H MocBOBCROft Fy6. Hb. HBepOHOBMMrb. Cn6. 
1^96 r. 

nepBo6£S[TEaA RyjiBTypa. S^j^yap^a B. Taftjiopa. BTopoe hba* nox'b 
pe^. A* ^' KoponqeBCRaro 0. H. IIonoBofl. Tomi II. Cn6. 1897 r. I][. aa xsa 
TOMa 4 p. 

F. Op. Kojib5i». EcTopifl veiOB^vecRoft EysbTypH. IlepeBOA'B cb 3-r(y 
ffbic. H8A. nox% pcA* A. A. PeftHrojEBATa. Bbih. I. h II. Hba. <&. A. loraHCOna, 
KieB'L. 1896 r. H,, no noAnncR^b 2 p. 50 k. 

MaKOHMrb KoBajieBOKlA. UpoHCzosxeHie coBpeiieHHoft x^MORpaTiB. 
T. m. Hs;^. K. T. Coj^aTenROBa. M. 1897 r. D.. 2 p. 

JQL. M. Jllaxpafi. MaERaBOH. HcTopHqecRift aTioA'B ffflsi eBpedcRaro 
lOHomraTBa. (<Hama CxapHHa*', A« 1). Hsa- BTopoe, rh. Mar. S.. X. niepifaHa.. 
Oflecca. 1896 r. 11. 15 R. 

AiOHeo. nHRBHsmi^ifl H eBpcH Bi HcnaniA bt* XV B^Rt. EcTopx^ecRift 
o^epRi. HsA* RH. Mar. A. X. niepMaHa („Hania CTapnHa", J^ XXI.). O^ecca. 
1896 r. n. 15 R. 

SCencRift Bonpocb B-b cpoAHie Btea. Upo^. R. Bioxepa. Ilepes. cb si^M. 
JI. C. 3aRa. (<Bh6ji. o6n;ecTBeHHHZ'b 8HaHlfl>. Cepifl II. Bun. 1-ft). Oxecca.. 
1896 r. d;. 20 r. 

JI. Feft006p1». HcTopia <|>paHi^8CRoft peBOJnoi^iH. UepeBoxi* cb Bfbu. 
noA'b poA. A. Tpa^ieBCRaro. Bsff,. 2-06 T-Ba K. CbiTHHa h K*. Cn6. 1897 r. 

H. B'J^TpHHCKlfi. (Bac E. ^emnzHH'b) T. H. FpaaoBCRift h ero BpeMA. 
HcTopHHecRifl OTiepRi. M. 1897 r. II.. 1 p. 60 r. 

K). BeJlOXIb. HcTopU Fpei^iH. IlepeBOA'b cb nte. M. PepmeHBona. T. I. 
IlBfl. K. T. CojmaTeHKOBa. M. 1897 r. D.. 2 p. 

r. FeTTHepTb. HcTopifl Bceo6n;eft jiHTopaTypBi XVIII Btea. T. I. Anraift- 
cRaa HHTepaTypa (1660—1770). IlepeBOA'b A, H. IIunHua. Hba. BTopoe 0. H. 
IIonoBoft. („KyjibTypHO-BCTopiraecRafl CnfijiiOTeRa"). Cn6. 1897 r. H. 1 p. 
50 R. 

M. M. noBBia HaAcoaa. Cn6. 1897 r. H. 15 R. 

I. mepp'B. Bceo6n;aii HCTopU iHTopaTypu. ITepeBOXi cb noca^ABflro 



HOBUfl KHHTH. 59 

ET&ii. H8A. no;n» P0A< H cb npHM. n. E. BeftH6epra. Bun. XV-tift n XVI-Bift, Hs/^, 
;i;. B. BaftKOBa h K«. M. 1896 r. 

AJieKOaHj^p'B BBe^dHOKitt. ycioBie j^onyerHMOCTH e^pu b% cMHon 
SII8HH. Cn5. 1896 r. II. 50 R. 

Ge^oprb UlnepK'B. AianesTisa 6HTifl. ApryMeHm h bhboau Moeft 
4)HJioco$iH. Cn6. 1897 r. U,. 40 k. 

OrKHSTb KOHTl H nOBHTHBHBlTB. CxaTBH A. C. MHJUIH, F. ClieHOepa 

H H. yop^a. Hba- Mar. cRHHZHoe A&to*. M. 1897 r. H. 1 p. 

A. nioiierayepnb. MeTa4[>H8Hxa ii)6bh. nepeBeaib cb Hte. P. Kpecusi. 
XapbKOB'B. 1896 r. I(. 30 K. 

TeHpHXi n6ceH*b. Ero sibrb h JurrepaTypHafl AitoTeibHOCTb. O^iepK'b 
H. M. MHHOKaro. C'b nopTperoirb n6c6Ha. n.iA. <&. IlaBJieBXOBa («SCH8Hb 
aaicivaTeabHHX'b ]iioAeft>). Gn6. 1896 r. !(. 25 s. 

UlescnHpit. Ero snsHb h JiHTepaTypHaa A'^HTeJbHOCTb. OqepK-b. H. H. 
HBEHOBa. C'b nopTpeTom IIIeRcnHpa. Ha;^. $ UaBxeHSOBa. („2C]iBHb saai^ 
^vrhnhfLuz'b JHOAefl^). Cn5. 1896 r. I(. 15 s. 

8HPHKO OeppH. IIpecTynHHSH bi HcsyccTFb. IlepeBoxi crb ^[ipam^. 
H. JI. M. 1896 r. It. 20 k. 

B. ByHj^TTb. OvepKib ncHioxoriH. IlepeBejrb cb H-bM. r. A. UanepHa. 
Hba. ^. IlaBJieBSOBa. Cn5. 1897 r. D^. 75 s. 

ncHXHvecsie ^asTopu i^HBHaHsai^iH. Jleorepa Vop^a. JXepeBo^'b c% 
aHTxiflcKaro JI. B. ^aBUAOBOfl. Hsa* ^. naBJiemoBa. Cn6. 1897 r. I^. 80 s. 

ncHXHqecKie <[)aRTopbi i^HBHAHsauiH. JleOTepa yop^a. nepeBOAi cb 
aHTxiftcRaro E. H. BomHflR'b. M. 1897 r. I^. 1 p. 

ITporpeccHBHafl HpaBCTBeHHOCTb. OnaTb sthrh TOMaoa Oayjiepa. 
UepeBOA'b cb aHTiiftcRaro A. UoroAHHa, nox^ pe^. Bjl GoiOBbeBa. Hba. 
$. IlaBfleHROBa. Gn6. 1896 r. H;. 40 R. 

SCemiqiHa npe^b cyAOirb coBpeMeeHoft HayRH. SCaKa JlypGe. IlepeBOA^ 
Cb <t)paHi^. E. A. IIpeATeqeHCRaro. Hb^. 9. IlaBjizeHROBa. Gn6. 1897 r. H; 30 R. 

HcTopifl peJiHPiH. A. MeH3H0a. nepeBO^b c% anrjriflcRaro M. ^enHH- 
CROft. Eba. ^. IlaBJieHROBa. Gn6. 1897 r. H.. 1 p. 

Odn^ecTBeHHuft nporpeccb h perpeccb. F. Fp6e4>a. IlepeB. c% $paBi^. 
r. UanepHa. Hba- ^. ITaBJieHROBa. Gn6. 1896 r. !(. 1 p. 50 R. 

npeACTaBHTOJibHoe npaBjesie. ny6jH];HCTHvecRie o^epRH ASK* CxioapTa 
Mh^IJIH. UepeBOA'b cib aHrxiflcRaro noA'b pe;(. P. E. CeMOHTROBCRaro. Eba* 
$. IlaBJieHROBa, Cn6. 1897 r. II. 60 r. 

HacffbxCTBO H paBA'bJTb. GocraBHJTb H. B. A6paM0B'B. Eba. 9. IlaB- 
seHROBa (nllonyjiflpHO-iopHAHvecRaa 6h6x.^ J^ 2). Gn6. ]896 r. U;. 25 R. 

ycTBB'b repfioBoifb c6op^ h aa(I)aBHTHbift nepeqenb aRTOBi h fffiKyuen- 
TOBit, noxAesan^HX'b rep6oBOiiy c6opy. GoeTasRVb A. H. Fyoenrb. Eba. 
BocbMoe $. A. loraHcoHa. Eba. Heo(I>4)H^iaabBoe. KieB'b. 1896 r. I^. 1 p. 

H. T. TapaoOBlb. QqepRi HayRH noavueflcRaro nptBa. IIoco6ie aui 
ciymaHiir JieRi^ h flfls npHroTOBiieBifl R'b BRsaxeHy. M. 1897 r. I(. 4 p. 50 R. 

B. A. FOJTbl^eBnb. BocnHTaHie, HpaBcTseHHocTb, npaso. C6opHHR'b 
craTeft. BTopoe hba* t— Ba E. Jl. CHTHHa. M. 1897 r. I^. 75 R. 

Ilp04>. JI. A. KaMapOBOKlft. BocTO^Hbifi Bonpoci*. Esa* RH. Mar. 
rpocMaH'b H KnedeJib. (^Bonpocii* HayRH, HORyccTBa, AHTepaTypu h shbhh", 
J^ 12). M. 1896 r. Ii;. 25 R. 

P. OpHCeHl^Klft. VveHie O I^tHHOCTH y RJiaOCHROB'b H RaHOHHCTOB'b. 

IlojniTRRO*9ROHOMHqecRifl ovepR-b. OAecca. 1896 r. 

AeBaJ[bBa^iH. K>. TpHmKBHa. KieB%. 1896 r. n;. 50 R. 



60 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

A. Fypl>eB*B.Pe$opiiA xc^HesHaro o6paii^eHia. ?acTb sropaji. Bun. lU^iA, 
Cn6. 1S96 r. H;. 8a 2 q. 2 p. 

C. M. JBapau;'!*. Sa^^aiui BeKoexLHcyft pe^l^pMH b^ Pocoia. (Ho Hoeoxy 
IIpoeRTa BescejiBHaro ycTasa 1893 r.)* Cn6. 1896 r. 

A. PypBesii. MaTepiaaos fiflu 6H6jEiorpa(I)iH pycoKOft asOBOHavecsoft 
jurrepaTypu no A^HesHoiiy Bonpocy. Cn6. 1896 r. Il(. 50 k. 

P. ByrMJa. Kii Bonpocy AeaesHoft pe^opiii. 4) Soxoto bah oepe6po? 
Oxecca. 1896 r. 

MooROBOKls xjfbOoneRapHH vb 1896 r. CocraBJieBo GTanicTH- 
qecKHM'B OTA'^OM'b Mocb. Fop. 'ynpaBU. M. 1896 r. 

B. O. BpaHji^TT*. BopB6a ci bbbhctbovb sa^rpaHRi^eft b wb PoccIb. 
KieB-fc. 1897 r. n;. 60 k. 

AHeBHHKnb neAarornH:eoKHX'B Ky poonnb x^a ceatcBBxt ynBre- 
aeft B y(iHTenBHH4'b seMCBBn napoxBHrB yiiHJiBn^'B KoHOTOucKaro yteA^^^ co- 
oPTOflBmHXCB 17 Mas— '7 Iiohb 1896 r. uo^b pyBOBOACTBOic^ }i,. R. TEXoxapoBa 
a M. B. MejiLHBKOBa. M. 1896 r. * 

PyKOBO^OTBO jL'h ycrpofioTBy SesnjiaTBHn aapoxauxi (SaSsloTeKi a 
qarajieH'b. CocTaBJieao ROMBTeTOMi> no ycTpoftcTay CeJiBCKaxi 6fl6ji. a nap. 
aaTaxeanb (XapBBOBcxaro 06nt. pacnpocTpaaeHia wb aapoA^ rpaaOTaocTa). Hba. 
2-oe, BcnpaBj. a aobojib. XapBaoBi*. 1896 r. !(. 25 a. 

Ji,oz3i9^% Beeo6meM% aaqaaiiaou'b o6yqeaia. A. II. UIllMKOBa. ^bt. 
B% oGn^eai coCpaala ^JiBUOVb X. 0. rpaaoTH 27-fo vapra 1895 ro^a. XapB- 
aOB'B. 1896 r. 

Kit Bonpocy Bceo6n;eM'B o6y9dHia b% ropOAax%. H. B&TIKOB'B. Hai 
jsypaaaa ^Bi^cTHHKb Bocnaraaiji". M. 1896 r. 

Beo6xoAaHOCTa o6yveaia TexBHROBii noAtaaiK) nepaofl noxon^i npa aeo* 
iiacTBux-B cjiyqaaxi*. *TlBBa BepTeHCOHB. Cn6. 1696 r. U;. 20 a. 

OTHein» js.'krresbBocmL OuBniaro C.-nerepG. Koa. rpaaoraocTa Han. 
BooBHaro 9rohom. 06n^TBa sa 1895 toa'b. Cn6. 1896 r. 

OpjiOBeaoe o6n;ecTBO uoGaTeieA asan^attxi acayocis'B. Ot^BTB sa 
1896-6 r. OpeffB. 1896 r. 

OTHBTHb oGu^ecTBa no ycTpoflcTBy aapoAaurxii ttreaift b^b r. TaadoBi a 
TaaC. ry(5. aa 1895-6 foa-b. TaaCoBi. 1896 r. 

OTHBTlb A^HTesBBocra Tpoai^KocaBCKO-RaxTaacaaro OTAiaeola Upa- 
•jcypcsaro OTA'biia Hun. Teorp. 06n^. sa 1895 toa%. HpayTCB'B. 1896 r. 

A'bftOTBiH opraaoB'B naejioBcaaro apecTBaacaaro o6n^6CTBa aa aaft 
1896 roAa, aa iH)jiB a aBrycTi. 1896 r. M. 1896 T. 

Ge^BOKOxoaaftcTBeaaua yqpesAeaia: ({)epau, omrr&Eifl noaa a ovaax(ia, 
caAOBUfl aaBexeaia a np. CapaBovaaa aaaaaa. ?. I aa. CejocaoxoaaftcrBea- 
HHa (|»epau. Hba. JIjenapTaaeaTa SeajieA^^a. Cn6. 1896 r. 

H'&Hei^K0-pyccB0-4)paBi^y8caift a cI>paBi](y8CR0-pyccR0-B%a6^Kift fllcoTexaa- 
vecaifl cAoBapB. CocTaB B. H. KyTy30B1>. EaA. A. $. Mapaca. Cn6. 1896 r. 

XosaflcTBeBHO-cTaTRCTBirecRia cB^A'^Hifl no Caadapeaofi ry5epaia. Ota^^jtb 
BTopoft. TeRya^afl craTacraaa. Poa^ nepBUft. Bun. I-uft. GaH6apcB%. 1896 r. 

TKypHajCM flpocjiaBcaoft ry6epacRofl oi;tHO«iaoft Rouaccia. HpocjiaaxB. 
1896 r. 

ITne semaine oooperatiTe. 25 Octobre -*> 1-er Noyembre 1896. Paris 1896. 

AarjiftcRO-pyccRifl Rapaaaaufl cJiOBapB. CocTasan 8. PORHHCB. Hba. 
1-oe. ^. A. lopaaeoaa* Jiiwb, 1896 r. n;. 60 a. 



031 •PAHqiB. 61) 



Hat OpaHE[iH. 



Ha dTOTB pa3i» Hst xot^iocb-6u o6paTHTB BHHiiraHie ^HxaTeieft 

Ha OAHJ AOBOJTBHO HHTOpeCHyD UhQiSJy KOTOpjD , HrpaiDTl Bl A^HHEIH 

HOMeHTb Bi napEacl a KOTopaa npeAcxasJifleTL, A&^Ee no MHtHii> 
o$^]iii,iaiBauxi> kphthkobi 6ypsya3is (Hanp., JIappyMB b% «$Hrapo>), 
oepBe3Hyio noauTKy o^Horo hsi €moj[o;^X'b» ^aiiaTyproB'L pacniE- 
psTb o6i)iqHiiiit RaApi> 4»paHi^y30KOft oiteHn e BHeoTE Ty^a ooCojiBine 

peaJIBHOft SB8HE B Bfl CepBOSHUXl BOOpOCOBli. IlBOCa BTa, noAi CBi-^- 

SEMI Bne^aTJiiHieiTB Kotopofi h aaxosycB, He^aBEo nocTaBJieva 
Ha c^eHy «BoAeBHMi : bto— « A4ie»b» (Le Partage) AjftiCepa Tu- 
HOEa, ;(OBo;iBHo iiano ESBicTHaro ao cexi Hopi* TeaxpaJiBHaro EEca^ 
TejBui. TeHoft ea aBiflerca CTOiKHOBenie CHJibsaro ^ysoTBa jooCbu Cb 
ycTaHOBEBmEHECE 4^opMaHE 6paEa H cevbH H BHpoemHHfl Ha BTOd. 
no^Bt H;(6flicH H ^^evtsMB saHHTepecoBaHHiiZX'B iHip>. ABTOpi sa- 
AaeTCfl ]].tiBX) yKaaaTB hb My^HTeiBHua upoTEBopt^ifl coBpeueHHaro 
^ejroBisa bx c^^pi cbmeixi rpobehxi e 6j(E3Kflxii eny sHxepecoBi. 
A nepeAaui aobojibho uo^qCbo coAepoaHie «A'bjiesa>, sapanie 
oroBapEBaacB nepe^'B ^HTaTeJieMi, ^to ne pyqancB 3a BropocTeaeE* 
SHE AeTajTE: UBeca xo cexi uopi Ee Hane^Tasa, s e nojiBsyiDCB 
jamb saMiTRaBfH, KOTopua e HacRopo HafipooaxB j^jie ce6E, BOSBpa- 
TEBniECB E31 TBBTpa. SaEaB'bci BSBHBaeTCfi — E uu Ha 6epery Hopa, 
BO BpeME EynajiBHaro cesoHa, bi BsaniEOft BBiJit Bepsapa PyxBe, 
6oraTaro ToproBi^a meiKaME. CaHi xo3flHH'B, BopoqeMx, nosa ocTaeTcs 
B'B IlapBS']^: owb saHETB oKOEqaTBJiBHOfi nepe;^?6tt CBoeft ^HpMfi 
oAsoMy SEaRouoyy KOHMapeaHTy, boo saAyMaii yAajiHTBCfl otb a'^ji'b ci> 
GjiaronpioGpiTOHBHini HEJiJiioHaME n sasETB. aa ckjioe'I nirh 6e3ne-* 

^aiBEOE SE8SBH) SpyHEarO paHTBB. Ho 7 BTOrO HflTEAeGETEjr&TEErO 

^lOBlsa MOJioABE spacBBafl seaa, B'B soTopofi Ofli> xo ceii nop^ 
AyniH Be qaexB, xote SHByrB ohe yse BOceMi jiItb. JlyflseTTa — 
HUE seHH — poAEJiacB B'B 6tAEofl eeuBi, HO nojiyqEia xaB'B HasuBae- 
Moe «xopom6e» ofipasoBaEie h cBoed sebogtbd h o6niett unjikootbe) 
Haxypiii cocraBaEeTB ptscii KosrpacT'b co cboemi ypaBHOBimeEEBiifB 
uyseMi>. G^acTjoBa-JTE oaa? Cy^E no Tovy, bbri aecejo ona xoxo- 
qerB c^ ceHEJi'bTEefi Ao^epBio, yqa ee npuraxB qepes^ aepeeoqRy, 
HoacHo eKasBTB: aa* Ho ECEpeHHee-jTE to BecenBe? noqeMy-6ii e HtrL? 
II311 paaroBopa qeiu ByjiBaya — RysEHEi Eepnapa e en Mysa — hu 
yaHacMT,, hto ao chxi nopi JyEaexia ^yacxByerB, ecM e Be crpacx- 
EyK) jiiodoBB, xo rjiyfioKyiD ccMnaiix) e ECspesEK)!) npEBHaxejiBEOCXB 
Ri CBOOMy Mysy, Roxopufi oRpy^EJi'B ee e BcaqecREifB RO^opxoM^, e 
axMoc$epoft jiacEE e noneqeHiE. TaRoft BsrxEAii na oxHomeHifl 
cynpyroBii PySBo BucRasuBaeTB, no Rpafiaeft Mtpd^, r. ByjiBEya^ 



62 PyCCKOB BOrATGTBO. 

THD'B HenpHSHaHHaro reaia bsi soMnosBTopoBi, soTopufi, Bnpo- 
^ein, Bce GojiLiue h 6oj[Bine Ha^iBBaerb safiHsaTB cboh apm- 
cTB^ecRifl HejAaiH 3a yAOBOJiBCTBinHH cToia n tomj noAoSHUuH npo- 
saHiecKEMB BemaMH. He xaK-b Ao6poAymHo cmotpht'l nacBOHXipoA- 
oTseHHHKOB'B KjsBHa BepHapa, xapasTepHafl ^arypa osjoCjieHHofi e 
Bi> TO se Bpena jiEi;eMtpHOH npHSHBajiKH, cKpUBaiomefi cboio juoTyn 

3aBHCTB £T> CqaCTJlBBUHB HDAfllTb JlOKb liaCKOK) FOpA^eft QpeAaHHOCTB. 

y HOA, Kpout xoro, ocoGafl npH'iHHa CHiA&T&ca 3ao6oio npH bha^ 
cei^eiiHOfi shshh OBoero syseHa: oHa pacqEiuBajia saGpaxB bi pyRH 
Bepnapa hjih, no spaHHOH irfcpi, sasaTb npH uewb BuroAHuft nocn 
dsoHOMKH 6oraqa; h BApyrB arorB yxe h6hoioao& ^ezoBisi ao Oes- 
yiufl BJXio6j[fleToa bi ABaAAaiHiiTHDio Al^ByniKy h jsi^dL&rb ee senog 
H nojHonpaBHofi xosafisoA... KaKi» 6fii to ih 6ujlo, r-xa ByjiBHya He 
oco6eHHO BtpHTB BB Epo^HocTB ceMottHaro cqacTiA PysBe H 06- 
paniaerB BHHMaHie cBoero HeAajieKaro h HspflAHO TpaaE^Haro xysa 
Ha ccTpacTHue rjKa.^a> JlyHsexru: cctohtb toj[bro bjqdOhtbch eft, paa- 
cysAaeti cynpyra ByiBnya, h HacMOTpHHca im-xaRH pasHuxii Hcxopift 

y HaOIHX'B pOACTBeHHHROBl»... 

A noRa JlyHaerra npoBOAHTB Borb yxe xpeiift irficai^ bb cRpoM- 

HOlfB npHMOpCROMX IfbCTe^Rt, KpHSBHlXb, HMta IHOIB O^OEB HOMHO- 
TETb BHaROMUXli H OTAaBaH H6HaiO BpeMOHE Ha Hrptl CB Ao^epBD. 

Bi en BEJui SHBBTB Ha xii6axB hsb muocth yse yiiOHiiHyTafl ^OTa 
ByiBHya, a h3b ciyqaftHSix'B cociA^ft oesoHa ona nacTo BCTpi^aexcfl 
TOJBfBRo CI HiRoii r-seft TaiBBaH^B, baoboh, y ROTOpoft bctb oahh- 

CTBeHHUfi CUWb, RpaOHBUi tf0J[0A0tt qeHOBlRrB TpHAUaTH 01 H660J[B- 

HiHMx JiiTB. r-sa Taj[BBaHAi» ih)6htb cBoero PaiMOHAa Ao 6e3yMiH, 
OTpaBJiflfl saqacryK) ero shshb aiofi idCobbs, peBHya ero ro bchroh 
senn^BHt, ROTopoft OHnb yBiORaeTca, nocToaxHo pacancuBaa eny ne- 
Hcqepaaevua coRpoBan^a, xaanUaca bi cepAi^t MaTopa, a B^qao apa- 
auBaa ero ri nopaARy a r% dT0My caMOMy cepAii): caobomb, ohi 
RaRB 6iijrh Wb ea riasaxi pefieaROMB, tirb a ooraica, a ea peaaH- 
Bua ciesH CMiaanica JinniB paAyBBUMa BOonoHaaaaiaME tomi 
Bpeaeaa, RorAa PafiicoaAB npafitraiB EVb raiiaaaia a fipocajrea b^ 
oOBATia ^aTepa. Mh npaoyrcTByeMB aaai paai npa cn;eal, ROTopyio 
jLiotiaii^aa co6cTBeaaBi;a — MaTB ycrpapaaen CBoeay cuay, saRJiaaaa 
ero pasopaaTB BcaEia caomeaia ob aaRoi-To lenoMHCjeaaoi apacoft, 
E c£iaB TopsecTBeaao a^^^tb efi 9T0 o6tn^JBde. H ao icyApeao: oai 
yse MioaAB aaRB oxpacTao j[K)6htb JlyEserry a... ctpacrao j[R)6hki> 
ex). Jifik BOTB nepoAB aamaaa nasaiia pasBtrpuBaexca a Apyraa 
cs^eaa^ aOTopaa ae ocxaBxaerB aa aaitimaro coMataia aac^eTh xa- 
paRTepa hxb OTaomeaifi. MaiB PaiaoHAa yxoAaxB, o6MiaaBmacB 
aicROiBRaHE cjEOBaaa cb uoaBiai)ni;eSca aa ci^eat JlyasexTofi, a 
BJiK)6jieBHue naAaMTi b^b ofiiiaTia Apyn> rb Apyry— 

.IIpoBcxoAarB to, hto o6uRaoBeaao 6uBaen bi xaaaxB ciyqaax'B: 
jiacEE, CMOTpiaie Apyr^ APyi^J bx rjiasa, noBiopeaie bb coxuft pasx 
a «RaR'B tu HBiBt, a caaRB ra npeRpacaa», a crhrb a 



BdTb «PAH^1B. 63 

jik)6j[H) Te6fl», h cEasi a Te6fl o6ozaK>», paA'b coBepmeHHo 
HeHHTepecHuxi aj^a nocropoHHaro jlbub. BonpocoBi h OTBtTOB^, apfiHO 
OKasaxb, BOKajiBHUXii sooJiorH^ecKHX'L ynpassenii, hi EOTOpun fiKJia- 
jjfiiB^eTb oco6fiift cuucj[x JunniB noxpflceHuaa HopBHaa cBcreHa bjiio6- 
jLewauL'h. noKHHTO 3HaHeHHT£ii aij^opHSifL sa^acTyx) i^HHflqaaro, ho 
BcerAa npoHBi^aTejuBHaro lHaiKJ^opa... Mh HifbearB s^tcb a^jlOj 
HMesHO^ CB JID60BBK) xasoro xaaa, ho jmmB AoxoAfloieio ao 

BHaqHTOJIBHOfi HHTeHGHBHOCTH. H OH^, E OHa C06CTBeHH HeAJp- 

Hue J[K)AH, HO onBHEenid cxpacTBD sacraBJiaerB hxb ho AjaiaTB 
HH qenB Bwk spyra HaxjuiHyBmHX'B Ha hhx'b omynioHifi cBsaBMHO- 

CTH>, Bl nOTOKt KOTOpiZX'B OHH HJiaBaiDTB ySO HtCAI^'B. Ofla, BanpH- 

Mipi, TaRi xapaKTepHsyerB CBoe AJinesHoe cocTOflflie: cHiTi, a qjB- 

CTByH) TOIBKO, ^TO H fiesyMEO, EeHSMtpHlIO C^aCTABBa. SCflSHB 

npiofiptTaerB a'e mcee oco6i>ifi EHiepecB ci rtxi nopi, kbri mbi 
jiK)6EtfB AP7i*^ APyi^A* Q vhI jumB ctuaeo sa ce(^, hto y Mega 
noMTH Eirb yrpuBefliE cob^cte: me*! a&3K6 xotIjiocb 6u, KaseTca, 
<$2iTB HOEBe cqacTJiHBoS E 6ojiie crpaAaTBi. PEcya bi obod onepe^B 
EjaEu 6yAyn^aro, hojioaoS ^eiOBiKX npsHO saEBJifleTB, ^to 0H^ bh- 
Kor^a fl EE^tifB Ee EaiiipeE'B sasEvaTBca, Kpoirb o6osaHifl cBoeE 
JlyEsemf, — fiiaro y Eero ci MaTepBio ecTB s66oj[Bniafl (nosAtmEUMB 
noEflTiaiTB) poEia b% ABtEaAi^axB tuce^b ^pasKOBi bi roAi); h se- 
jiaeTB jiehib, qTo6u 6j[aseEEafl xebeb, saKyx) oei seAen TenepB, 
opoAOJisajiacB. Oh'b, Bepoqeiii, e eb npEsaAJiesETB kb Raier pi a 
JODflfiHj cepB63E0 saAynuBaioniflxca saAB xebeId: sa Toy Hera tHirb 

SE BtpU EE BO ^0, EE CfllU BOIE, EE 8EepriE>, SaCB caM 1. OHl> 

npEBsaexoE, cBajiEBaa BEEy sa o6cT0flTeiBCTBa, cpoAE soTopuxi. uui- 
pocrajo ero noKoi^Hie: Bottny oi BiHUjaMH e paarpoM^ $pah];ii', 
KOHMyEy E Meai(Ay7co6EyK) pisEio. dia leva, csaaaTB KCTaTB, ho 
HOBa HesAy ^aEi^yscBEHS 6ypxya3EUtffl nEcaxejuiME: eo bu safiA^o 
E vb ncEXOiorE^eoKHXi BTDAaxii Bypse. H BOrAa a cjutnajiB th- 
paAu TajEBBasAa, HEt npEnoMEEaiacB pascysAeaia MOAHaro poHaaHCTa 
aepecunannUa ero paBcsaBx (bi <Figaro») o Kposaaofi aoAtJit. Cjio- 
BOMi, BTb nepBOVB asrb repott c^tiesa» pacyeTca KpaceauE^ n aoS- 

PUITB aSEBOTEUH'B, OGJIE EOAB BTEITB ClOBOM'B pasyiliTb HOJlOH'l^Ka, RO- 
TOpsfl Ee Vb COCTOEHiE BOBBUCETBCE EaA'B tfipOMB qHCTO- JHqBUra 

o^^yI^eEift b, eo MyApciBya ayRaao, npoiariBaeTB pyBy sa rta'B, qio 
cyAB(5a npeAJiaraerB eiiy... 

Ho yBHl CyABfia ae toibko a^otb, eo e oTEEMaeT'B. IleyEOiiHMO 
paBsepTUBaeTca sejiidaaa niiih Beo6xoAHMOcTE, e noRa Ham'H aujiKie 
JID60BEERE norjoiaeHu cboemb cucTieaB a ycjioejiBBaiDTca aencAy 
€o6ofi, RaRii BcrpiqaTBca bmx no BOsapaiueHia B-b napHarB. ri uxii 
xhbbb BpuBaerca aoBufi BJieMeETB, BoopyxeaauS BceBOSMOacauaa 
npaaauE e nojiEOHoqiaME, e SAaAOTB RoaeiiiB... — cMaaa, — Rpn- 
qaxB saAHxaacB otb BOCTcpra a CRoparo 6tra, ao^b Jlyaaerru: cMasia, 
a Ri Te6i OAHBB rocaoAaai* npamejrx! SaaemB RaRoe? nana!* li aa 
ci^eai noEBiaeica BepaapB PysBe, apiixaBoiifl aeqaaEao ebb IlapEsa. 



1 



64 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

^to6h cj^iJiaTL npiflTHHa cropnpHB-L aceni. IIpHCMOTpHTecB Kb HOMyr 
Toace, ecjiH xoxHTe, HCAypHofi leJOBiKi! npaB^a, oh^ jD[OBOJibHo hh- 
HH^Ho o6i>acHaeTX, ^to yiryqM'B BpeMS c^teAaiB Kh aent, fijiaroAapa 
TOMy, qio «AypaKi— npeeMHHKi,> ero, Koxopoiiy ohi, o^ghb Buroflffo 
cnycTHJii CBOH) $HpMy, npocHj-L ero ofioacAaTB HtcKOJiLKO Aseft ;^m 
bKOHqarejiBHaro CBe^eHia c^exoBX. Ho KOMMep^ecKaa ^gcxhocxb — mo- 
paiBHHft npoAyRxi> oco6aro po^a: ohi> He HaBasuBai^ cusKOWb cBoero 
xoproBaro AOMa Hepac^exjHBOMy KOMiiepcanxy, — xiM^ xy»e pi iro- 
cjiAHaro! 3a xo ci KaKofi 2ih)6obbk) ohi. B3Hpaexi> na cbok aeay, 
EaEi) xporaxeJiBHO owb jtioSyeTca noxoj![cxtBiiiHMH sa uopt H(<»EaBtH 
CBoet AO^KH, CB EaRBifB ;i;o6po;iymieM'L ohx nosE^aexB pyua Bumejc- 
rnawb eMy na Bcxptqy cynpyraMi ByjBHya, h ^aao J^^^ MOJiofloro 
TiejiOBtKa, ch KoiopHM-B 3HaK0MHn> ero aeHa, y irero HaxoflHica Jia- 

CKOBOe CJIOBO. 

A ona, BJiacxHxejiBHHUa ero ;ziyBrB, y HorB Eoxc^oft oht» cMajH- 
Baex^ CBoe nosBJoe, ho HNJiaioniee saKOHH&iM'B orneMii cepxite? Hcxaa 
uapesaHRa, Bupa6oxaBmaa b'B ce6t ctpamHyio BBij^epaKy, ona saE'B 
6yAxo noxeMHi^Jia na Menyxy, ho ceB^iacx-se cnpaBBJiacB, h xojbeo 
6iJcxpiiS, ho BHiia3Bxej[BHB]& Bsrja;;^, CpomeBBHfi eio na HSJiaro^ 
BHAaexi* xy 6ypH) caMuxt npoxHBonojioaHBiXT> ^yscxB^, Roxopaa 6y^-' 
niyexi) y nea bx A'^mi. MyarB yxo^HXTb na Mteyry sa GaraaeM^^ 
3axepaBinHHca no onjiomsocxa HbcHjiBni;HEa, e HainH jiid6obhiieh noiB- 
ayioxca sxhmh MrnoBeBiaMH, qxo6Ki EpiUKO - SpinEO, bt> 6e3yM6lt 
xocEt, npHKaxBca jipyrt k% flpyry h nacKopo ycjioBHXBca, KaEX hitb 
BHAixBca BaejiBHi: BepHap'b oh-haBuxh^ ^xo oh^ npo6y;^exi» cb hb- 
jl'hJiTo Bb BHjjri, a noxoM-B noBeaer^ aeny h ;iio^B bx cxcjifiny... BorB 
H cynpyrx cb oxiicKaHHHMi 'leMOAanoM'B. Oht, CpocaerB cxpacxHKift 
B3opi Ha JIyB3exxy, Roxopyio oh'b Haxo;nttTB eme 6ojte HiinnxejiBHOio, 
qtMX Korfla-JUBfio, h npHnHciiBaert pacHBixx ea Kpacoxu MopcEHM'B 
BaHBaMX, jivl BOJiHeHiH) oxT> npiaxHaro cwpnpBsa, npH^HHeHgaro ero 
BBeaauBHMX HpitsAoarL. fnofij^eM-B, iinjaa, cnaxB>\ nrpHBO oCpaiHaexcff 
oHi Kb npeflMexy cBoeft saEOHHofi jbidSbb, pacKaaaHBaacB co Bcefr 
EajinaHiefi h npHfjiamaa MOJio;^oro ^ejOBtRa «noqame fisiBaxB y Hnxx». 
H, o6HHMaH aeny, oh-b yAajraexca BMicrt ci He» uoxh KpoBX cewteS-- 
HBixx jrapi H nenaxoBi... A cojiHite yae yxonaexij bt> i^jryOHHt OKeaaa, 
sajHBaa nocj!it;iHHMH nypnypaHMH jy^aMH h MopoKofl fiepen,, h ycxas- 
iflia myMtxB sa ^ohb agpobbh, h pocEoniHyio BBjjiy. HacTynaeTT> ^acB, 
Eor;ia Bca npHpo^a npoBBKffyxa HjrfjHexejiBHOft; cjrerKa MeJiaHXO;rH<iBOtt 
no93ien, h Ror^a xaR^ CeayMHo xo^iexca 6MXb B03it j^pyroro, fiBBoiua- 
roca BT, yHHcoH'B cepAna... Cxyirafi, 6t;^HBia nofitAHTejBB JTyHsexxKr, 
no6po;5H y cnajx, h, M0aexx> Shtb, MopcKoft npaCofi HacirfemMBO 
cnoexx xe6'fe nicHK) o xomx, ^o 6lijio bt> exoTB-ae qacx B^epa, Eorjua 
Jlynsexxa cnjifora cb xo6oh Bt csiaieHBKoa KOMHaxEt», kx Roxopoft 
ceroAHfl eme jrorhjiH ea mo^ixh.. cIIofiAeMi cnaxBi: cojiHue ctio. 

Bxopofi aRXT> nepeHOcnxi, HacB Bt IlapHai,. Mh wh fioraxo-MoSjirH- 
poBaHHOMi cajTOHi Bepnapa. ryBepnaHXEa— aarjiH^aHKa Aaexi> ypoE'B 



varb ^PAESXfE. 65 

MaseHBEofi Chmoh'6, AOiepn Pysbe. ^tso^Ka RanpusEHqaerL, h Ha 

nOMOQlb rjBepHaHTKt DpHXOAHTT» MaTB. Ho BCKOpi flBJUeTOfl PaftllOHA'b 

H, MesAY i^Mik ESkK'b rysepHaHTKa E^jsjkBomia jji^ajEflDTCH, y Hero c*b 
JEyHsexToft saBflSHBaetcfl osHBJieHHsfl pasroBop'B... Ho KaK'B Maio 
noxoAai^ Hxi TeiiepemHifl pl^H Ha t£, soTopBia hh cjnimajiH orb 
HHxi Ha 6epery vopa. 06a cxpaAaiDrL e o6a, pcraBmHOB HaoAHHt, 
Ao6pyH) nojiOBHHy 8Toro c^acTjiHsaro uoiieHTa TpaiHi'L na to, hto 
. My^aioTL AgyrB APjra, xotb h ne aeaajort eioro. Ohh ho Moryrt, 
ROHeqno, OTJiaBaTBCfl ^yBOTsy jnodsH TaKi* gboSo^ho, KaK'B npes^^ 
IIpBXOAHTca H3on^pflTBGfl, npHAyMHBaTB pasHHfl xBipocTH, ^o5u bh- 
AiTBCfl Apyri c"^ Apyi^Mi>; a CBH^bJiHCB, h KasAufi noHOBOJ'fc a^htch 

CBOHMH rOpBKHMH padMUmJieHiflMH (TB TOBapHmOH'B He CTOIBRO HO 

joofiBH, CKOJIBKO HO Hec^acTiD, H Bcero HeBBiHOCHirbe a^h o6ohxi 
Tepsanifl pobhocth. ^Tjsik th 6hxt> B^epa Be^epoMi^?! — Mpaqno cnpa- 
mHBaei'B ona. Ohi, onycKaa rojioey, oTBt^aerB oahocjlosho: «G'b npia- 
Tej[flMn!> cBiuH XBmnjmu?^ r TpeBora ojiumHTca b'b oh rojioci. «5hjiie>, 

OHHTB KOpOTKO OTBi^aerBOHl. <KpaOEBUfl?> — 01) B08paCTaE)niEM'B BOJI- 

neHieui AonuTtiBaeTCfl ona. cTaKi, Hs^ero ce6'b>, — yse coBepmeHHo 
MamEHajTBHO poHHerB PafiMOHAi^, h bh ^yBCTByeTO, ^o B'B bto BpeMH 
ero npecj['&A76T% noAo6HaH se iiaHUi, h hto mbicjib ero BepTETCH b'b 
ofiu^EOiTB Epyrb Hy^ExeJiBEiix'B npeACiaBJieHifi. cKaKifl'Se?^ <A kto 
Exi> dHaerB? Buia, HanpEHip'B, Ms^iaH'B KopaHo!...» <A, exa BucoKaa 
6piDHeTKa? Ho, B^A^, OHa, roBopETB, nopasExejiBEO rjiynai, BApyrB (tb 
KOMEqEoft BasHocxBD npoxarEBaexi> OEa, e Ea MEsyxy ea sE3Hepa- 
AocxHHfi OTh npEpoAH xapaKxepi 6eperB Bepx'B^ e ea j[eti;o osapaexca 
yjiBi6Kofi, fl oaa xo^iexB nepoAaxB exy MPEOBeEEyE) BcnBiniKy BecejiBa 
CBoeMy MEJiOHy. Ho VEJiovy Ee ao xoro: xenepB efi, Bi cbojo o^epcAB, 
npoAcxoBTB BBiAepasaxB EanaAOHie ero pobhebbixi noAoaplHiH. c^a 
qxo xu MOHa cnpamEBaemB, Hca Aoporaa, aa cq6xi> soeeipih'b? Hto 
Bct oat ssaqaxx ji,hb Moaa, KOPAa Moa mncjib aeyKAOEHO cji'&AyeTB 
aa xo6ofi»... H ero JIH^o xycKHiexi^, a tojiocb naAaexTb. ^H-fcxi,, a 
He Mory xaKi) sexb: boxi> yse xpfl ntcai^a, RaKi a cxo»y cb yiia, e 
Bcero EeBBiHOCEule awt AynaxB, qxo B'B xo Bpena, KaK'B a oahei, 
XK Cb EEMi, fl uoTRerb 6bixb...» Ee3yuHBia e aoqxH njEHsqEua ciOBa 
cpHBaioxca y aero cb ryfi-B eoat* BJiiaHieM'B peBEOcxE, e peBHOCXH, 
rjiaBEHM-B oOpasoM^, $H3BqecK0H. noMHHxe, qHxaxejiB, cn,eEy B'B cjte- 
HEst^ /lK)Ma-CBiEa, KOFAa AoGpoAtxeiBHuS hojoaoS qeiKOBte'B, rpa^'b 
Ae-EapAaHHi>, 6e3yHCXByexi>, pa3HCKEBaa wb «npejiecxEofi roj[OBKi> e 
«3a qHCTBiM'B BsrjiHAOM'B rjia3i> j[H)6emoe A'i^ByniKE <(XoqEoe cosEasie 
oAHoro $aRxa)>,— xoro, qxo osa «npHHaAJiesaj[a», mosotb Skttb, $ep 
HaHAy Ae-TysexrB? npESHaxBca, axa cmoEa Bcnjuujia y MOHa B'B na- 
MHXH, KOPAa a cjnymaii^ piqa aKxepa, arpaBinaro PaftMOHAa, a E'kKO- 
xopBia cj[OBa xaKi* uat noKasaJHECB Aase npaHUM-B bxoitb nbecu JI,H)Ma. 
H PaftMOHA'B xep3aexT» ce6a, cxapaacB ysaaxB, KaKOfi «$aKXB> xpa- 
EHXX b^ ce6t «rojioBKa> ero BosjiroSjeHEOB, h qxo 8a OI^y^^eHia 
ES'B cynpysKecRofl acESHE oxxECByjiEOB B'B ea Mosry, cbotb 3a bxeich 

Kt 12. 07Ai^4i. II. 5 



66 P7CCK0E BOrATCTBO. 

npejiecTHHHH rj[a3aiiH>. H oHi CTaBHrB efi BonpooH, KOxopHo zapasie- 
pHsyioTB ooBpeMeHHaro iiys^Hy. <BiAB, h SHaD, sasaa tu cTpacTHaa: 
ETO Mwk nopy^HTCfl, ^TO HHOFAa Tu Hd HHiTL^... Eijpafl SeHOQIHa 
Tn^oTHO cTapaercfl otkiohhtb leqeme ero Mucjiet. Owb cHOBa h CHOsa 
BOBBpan^aeTOfl k'b Hyqam^HHi ero BonpocairB h, HCTepsaBi^ oeCa, Ha- 
EOHen.'L, BocsjiHKaeTL bii HSHeMOseHia: «Hirb, a ho Mory, ho xoqy 
A^JKHTB Te6fll» Ho TjtB jse osa, wb cBODO^epoAB, He BSAepsEHBaeTB, 
H H81 ycTB en BupsBaeroa noinaa TparnsHa $pa3a: <a, th cTpa- 
AaemB, noiony ^to He sexaemb a'^htb neHfl? Ho sasi se AOJUKHa 
CTpa^aiB fl, fl, soTopyn bu A'^HTe?». 

Bo BpeHfl BTOft naTOTn^ecEofi, ot^cth, mosotb 6utb, HaBiaHHoft 
^Ha, HO BO BOflfiovB cityqal chibhoS ciiieHu bxoahtl Myan, eoto- 
puS noEa flBJUfleTOfl HaHfiojiie cnacTJiHBiiici hsi xpexi. Owl ho opeii», 
iipeBuoiipeHHocTflMH ho saHHvaeTCfl h EypBesEUirb paaroBopoMi ci 
FafiK0H;i[0irb (sanflBinHirB, mhhoxoaoitb cEasaTB, Micro y o^Horo H3Aa- 
Tejfl), AOEasiiBaoTB hoho, ^o ohi noHHiiaeTB ropasj^o fiojiBine tojutb 
B-B mejiEOBiix'B MaTepiflxi, ^wb bii EHsrax'B: cbx'b, mojioaoS ^eio- 
BiEi), mejiEX He to, ^to poHaHi. Bo3bmht6 xopomyio TEaHB: bu ee 
oefiqaci oTJEH^HTe, h 6yABTe yBipenu, tto OHa jsfiJLro npoHOOHToa. A 
botb, pasBepHyn a a^^ EHHra, OAHy xopoHiyD, Apyryv) Aypnys). H 
^TO ace? o6i OHi hh% Eaacyrca OAHHaEOsaro Ea^ecTBa*. Ho, cb oahoK 

CTOpOHU, OHl TaSIk HOEpeHHO lK)6H'rB CBOD SOHy, laEl 3a60THTCa 

GBoet ceMBi. Ci Apyroft, bx caHofi jdGbh PafiifOHAa Ei JIyH3eTTt 
OTpacTB E-B seHiiiHHi HrpaoTB ropadAO 6oJEBiiiyB) poiB, ^ibwb sasoe 
6h to hh 6hiJL0 «poACTBo Aynii>. OqeBHAHO, mh mrbewb TjTb jxjbjLO 
He CB EaEHifB-HHCyAB ncHxoxoniqecEHM'B AHOGOHaHcoiTB MesAy oynpy- 
raMH, a (tb tIh*b cjAuwrb, sas'B npHpoAa h EaEx npHpoAa se, Bce- 
Moryn^HiTB hhcthhstomi, EOTopuS CpocaerB AByxi JuoAeft bi o6i»aTifl 
ApyrL-;ipyra, sacTasjuaa 3a6uBaTB CTpaAama Tpexbaro JiHi^a. 

Ho npesAe Bcero BTa CTpacTB ciajiEHBaeTca oi ApyroD crpaoTBV), 

pOBHEBOID J[K>60BBV) HaTOpH El* CIIHy. HO MOOMy, SpHTHSH, C^TaDOUe 

ce6a TOHEHHH iiiiHHTejiaME SH3HH H HcsyocTBa, B'b poA^ Jenexpa, Ha- 
npacHO CTapaE)TGa ycHOxptTB B'B 8to& j[d6bh EaEoft-TO cMyxHuit, ho 
ysacaioniitt B'B oanoft CMyrHocTE CBoeft bha^ $H3Hqj90soft, qyrB ne 
EpoBOCHicHxejiBEott peBHocTE. Majto-JiH npaxoAHToa HaiTB BHAtiB ese- 
AHOBHO HisHHX'B pOACTBeHHHBOBi, soTopuo roTOBu Ha B'&E'B sasafia- 
jtHTB, o6paTHTB B'B pa6a, Bi npocrys) sen^B npeAHOTi wrb oeiieft- 
msTb a$i{)eETOB'B. Ho necoHHiHEO, mo dxa Toua spiHia cofioxBeH- 
HHEa H cdiHsaerB hx'b gi peBHHBofi noJioBOfi j[k>6obbk>. Hocjrfc oii;eHH 
vesAy MyaseHi, sohoS h jnofioBHEsoirB, vb EOTopoft nepBuft paoyeToa 

BHOJEHi C^aCTJIHBIlM'B, a 06a nOCJT^AHHX'B TepSaeMUMH peBHOOTBD, HH 

npHcyTCTByeiTB npa pasroBopt MeaAy JEyHaerroft h MaTeptK) Paft- 
MOHAa, npHmeAinefi ei» j[H)6oBHHi^i cuaa cb i^bh) y6iAHTB ee paso- 

pBaTB CB MOJtOABItt'B ^OJIOBiEOU'B H BOSBpaXBTB eiX) TaEHHl 06pa30M'B 

H4»H0My cepAi^y MatepH, rposa Bt hpothbhom-b ciyiai otkphtb bco 
Mysy JEyHseiTBi jI^iaaorB MesAy AByaa aceEii^HHaHH, HamHaK)nafica 



H81> «PAHI^H. 67 

• 

.^noiiBiTKofi JlyHseTTH saBoeBaTL pacnoiosoHie r-SH TaiBBaHA'By 
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Bxnfik OTpeMHToa HaHecTH no6oiBH'&6 paaj apT^^- HaKOHei^'B, sa^ii- 

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AOBasifl, oHa e^Ba bi oocroaHhi othiacHETB PyxBo, ^to efi seiaiocB 
jiESiB no6iaroAapHTB ero sa jiaoKOButt npieirB, OKasHBaeifHS hitb ea 
ciiHy. Ho, EOFAa PyaicBe cHOBa yxoAHTB si .ce&b, a JlyHseTia y^a*- 
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noTpflcaa csaTUifH syiasaMH wb cropony ymeAinefi, OHa B'B 6imeH- 
CTBi KpH'QLHi'B sicKOJiBRO pasi*. 0, uojifiasi, noA^afl (gueuse)! 

Kasi paaii vb btotb camilt mohohtb npHXOAffTB cyupyrs Byu- 
^ya, — sena, npHHDXHBaacB h npHCJiyrnHBascB, ciapaflCB nocKopie 
opieHTHpoBaTBCfl B'B HeoSuTOoft cjifiwk, anysi no o6BiKHOBeHiK) ojrfr- 
Ayfl 8a soHofi, BciaBiflfl po6Eifl saiii^aHUi, ho oeft^aoi ase hoa^e- 

HEECB BOJrfc OBOefi dHeprH^HOtf nOIOBEHH. KEOfl E BOISyflCB, HaTB 

PafiMOHAa s6HeAi6HH0 se HsiEBaeTB nepoAi* heme oboo HeroAOBaHie 
fia c6e3CTiiAHyK) K0MeAiaHTKy», a sysEEy Bepsapa iieAOirB se kophe: 
osa cb saAEOcTBV) e KpafisEMi yAOBOiBCTBieM'B HBeTB KasAoe cjiobo 
pasApaseHHoS seEE^EEH, e sorAa la yxoASTB, lyrB se cooraBJUieTB 
usAWb KaMnasifl, KaKi» 6u pascopETB Mysa cb seEoft e laKEirB o6pa- 
BOITB BTepOTBCfl Bl AOH'B PyasBO. HaA^BaE MacKy pOACTBeEEOft npEBE- 
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npflKO E ptmETaiBEO cTapaeros pacKpuTB «oBoeMy Aopofovy BepEapy> 
rjiasa Ea Esvifly soebl A KorAa totb, omoioiueHSHtt arofi poKOBOD 
AAE Eero BtcTBD, He xo^eTB BipETB E Vb 6imeECTBi BuroHflerB cynpy- 
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jioAafl seflD^Hfla «KOMapoMeTEpyeTB ce6fl» (tb r. TajcbBafiAOMi; npfl- 
qeiTB ocuiaercE Ea aBTopEierB <o?esB no^Te^ux'B jaii^^»... 

noAOdptsie 3a6ponieso B'B Ayniy jsflToA cwciJiEBaro qejiOBisa, e 

XaOCB paSEOOfipaSHUXl, BCSOlUXEyTUX'B AOHOCOM'B VyfiCTBli flpRO oTpa- 

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Tflsejiofl ci^eH'fi 01 MajieHBRott ChhoeoS, RorAa ovb Ha^EEaerB ESAa- 
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AO^B, Ee saifb^ajia-iH OEa ?ero-EE6yAB CTpassaro tfesAy OBoefi Ma- 
TopBB H r. TajBBaEAOEB, ROPAa rt ociaioTca oahh, — e BApyrB cno- 
xBaTUBaeicE, cosnaeTB hesoctb 6e3co8HaTejiBEoft pom, na ROiopyi^ 

5* 



68 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

• 

OE-B ocysAaerB Ci^Hoe iiaseHBEoe cymecrso, h 6pooaen> BcaKie jifiJLb^ 
siftmie pacnpocii, pBiAaa h ocuaaa noiiiiiyflMH HeAoyir&BaDi^yi) Cn- 
MOHy... Ho owb xo^erb bo qT0-6Bi-T0 hh craio beibocth C66fl nsi ysac- 
Haro GocTooHifl HeHSBicTHOCTH H p^^maeTCA H6MeAJieHH0 se neperoBo- 
pHTL 0% seHOi, KOTopafl BOXOAHTB Ha ero roJiocB. CicepTejiBHo 6jAff,naa 
HO Hanpflrafl Bci cbob ycHdH, JlynseTTa Ha npflMoft Bonpocb iiyza, 
opaBAa-JiH, HTO OHa o6MaHHBaeTi> ero ci PafitfOHAOMx, OTB^^aeT'b 
oTpHi],aT6J[BH0. Ho B'b efl oisikA qyBOTByercfl TaK'B Majo npaBAH h 
BHyrpoHHeH yfiiAHTeiBHOcTH, TFO, ecu PysBe BipHTi en cjOBaicB, 
TaKi, o^eBEAHO, JiEinL seiafl ofiMaHyrb cairB ce6fl e yi^nETbcii xotb 
3a iTo-HEfiyAb, ^To6ii He ynacTB hi> npoaaoTB OT^aHHiH^ Koxopan pac- 
KpiraaeTCfl nepeAi* ero rjiasaMH. KaE'B-6Bi to he fiiuo, ohi npoAiia- 
raerb sent, eojiE osa cA^fioTBETeuHo idGhtii^ ero, HeiieAJieHso se 
ornpaBETBCE bi nyTemecTsie, ^To6jbi hojcosetb kohoi^'l cnjieTHEBrB. 
Qoojit iryqEiejiBHaro soiefiaHifl, JlyHderra coriamaeTca ocTasETB fla 
BpeMH napHSB, E Mys-B yxoAHTB, ^T06ii cefl^aoi se cAtiaTB paono- 
pasemfl na c^erB orBi^3Aa. Ho bxoaetb PaauoEAB, h BpHTe^K) nps- 
xoAHTCfl npEcyicTBOBaTB nps client 6e3yMHaro ofiiflCHeHia MesAy 
AByMfl jn[)60BHEEaHE, — en, yMojuiX)ni;eft cBoero cAopororo B03JiK>6jieH 
Haro» (cher amour) Cjeitb TepuijuEBUMi^ s AOSAaTBca ea. BOdBpam^eHifl; 
HiTB, yroBapEBaD^EM'B ee HeMOAieHHO se' fipocHTB Bce e yixaxB ci. 
EflifB. BcecEJiBHafl H GjitHaa CTpacTB 6epeTB sepxx HaAi* couHiHiEME 
E K0j[e6aHiEME JlyEserru: bbi naxoAErecB, TasB OEaaaiB, npE nocJitA- 

Heifl ESAUXaEiH BHpa60TaSHBIX'B SyJIBTypOD qyBCTBB E UHtHlH, CTaJI- 

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qecRas ^paaa: cxo^eniB 6iitb co eeoh), cnaxB e EpocunaTBCE Ea Moeii 
rpyAH»? JlyaseTTa naAaerB bi> otiAiin BosjUDfiieHHaro e p'bmaeTCE ocra- 

BHTB E AOMl, ,E Mysa, E AaSO AO*IB... Ho E3B COC^AHeft EOHSaTH Bil6t- 

raerB Mysi h 6pocaeTCE na noxEXETejui, xsaTan ero sa ropio. E no- 
cpeAH BTEXTb CBBptnHXi6opi^OBi, JIyH3eTTa, fijiiAHan, 6e3yMBaa,B'BCBoein. 
pocEomsoMB mej[EOBOMB aiaTBi, naAaerB 6e3B qyscTB'B sa napEerB... 



Aetb Tpexifi. KoMEaxa 6oibbob bt, aom4 PysBO. JlyEserra yse cb 
BOAtJiK) JiesETB wb aroHiE: hsi ycrB AOKTopa, EOiopHB pasrOBape- 
BaoTB CB EepfiapoM'B, B'B TO BpeME, EaE'B 6ojiBHyH) nepeEecjiE Ea 
EicEOJiBEo VHsyTB B'B cocfeAHifi HOKcfl, HU y3flaeM7>, UTO JlyHseiia 
AaBEO 6iija uoABepseEa CojuisHE cepAi^a, e ito axa gojitsHB cpasy 
npESfljia Epafine onacHHfl xapaETepx eoa'b BiiiEHieMi> EaEoro-TO cejtb- 
Haro nOTpaceBifl... JI,oExopB ho HaoxaaBaexi sa sxomb nyHExt, — He 
ero A*Jio, Aa mh sHaeM'B yse, ^xo 9xo ohjio sa noxpaceme, — ho oh-b 
3aMiqaerB, hxo MyacB AepsExi JlyEsexxy bb BpaBCXBeEBOMB Rapas- 
ijm% ynopflo EsGtraE bxoahxb bi> ea EOHHaxy, e c^axaexr* jiojitowl 
npoAynpeAHXB Bepaapa, uxo seat ero ocxaexca setb Bcero fltcEOJUBEo 
^aooBTt E ?xo Cb CBoefi cxopoHU osHb coBtxoBaJH 6ii Mysy <o6j[er- 



118^ «PAHI^^. , 69 

^ncrb 8TH nocfl^AHie MOMeHTK[> JLjEBQTm. noci^iBmift^ CTpamHO no- 
<;TaplBinift, crop6HBinificff, Hyarb 6e33B7^HHin> rojocoHi fijiaroj^apHTB 
AOETopa sa GOB'bTb H pimaeTCfl tbh/^tbca cb ynnpaioii^eft. A noKa vb 
^oMi XQ^rb Ha i^HnoHKax'B npHCJiyra h cecrpa HHiocep;i[ifl hsi mo- 
HameHOK'B, — 6oraTEie jro^n coBpeiieHHoS ^pani^H He jnofiHTX cb'&t- 
CKHxo^ cecTepi MHJiocepAiH,— RjSHHa Bepnapa oi cbohitb Mysevi, 
csAjsjw^mjsnrb sa hoS, Kasi» tIhb, 3a6HpaeTB, Maio-no-M ajiEj, xosaftcTBo 
m cboh pjkh: kjid^h jfiHraro ropeHi h iiamHHajiLHO oTBi^aDH^aro 

Ha BCe PjSBe nepeXOAHTB K'B BUCOKOHpaBOTBeHROft pOAGTBeHHHI],']^, RO- 

Topafl HjaBaerB TenepB, ZBxrb pii6a vb boa^, «HcnomHBib cboS far 
sexut poACTBeHHiift ;iojiErb> jioHoca h nyoKafl Bce 6oiie h Goji-le 
KopHH Bx pasrpoMjteHHOM'B ceiieficTBi... BoTb H caHa JlyHserra, roto- 
pyD RjaAyTb Ha nooiejiL. Eii^Han^ yHHpaDn^afl, ci iHxopaAO^Ho 
ropfln^HMv riasaHH, ona npo;^OJB[sa6rB h bb oth nociiAHie ^aou ne- 
pexoAHTB ^epe3i pA;^^ norpaceHifi. Bott» B03jrb nea HajneHBRaa CHMona, 
H, cosHaBafl CBOK) 6ra3Ryi) ROH^Hny, MaiB xepsaeTOs liHi, ^o 
6& npe^cTOHTL HaBcer^a pascTaTBcii ch Ao^epBD, ROTopyD OHa oana 
xoiijra RHHyiB wb napoRCEBui crpacTE. Botb B03ii hbh MyarB, ro- 
Topufi copon^aerb, npomaerB eS Bce», ho, ciunia ea MOJEBOy no3- 
BOiHTB efi «yBHA'i^TBca (TB mfbMz>j cHOBa BBAparHBaerB cjiobho hoax 
yAapoMB xjnicra h 6pocaerB e& cjroBa: «t£i yHHpaemB — e tboh no- 
•ciiAHaa MuciBBce o j[K)6obhhr&» — h JlyHserra na^aerBBi o6MopoR'B. 
BoTB y HorB ea, yMOJiaa o npon^eniH, rop^ihtch naiTB PatnOHAa, 
peBHHBaa jb[id6obb ROTopott loase BoonpoTHBHjracB <]sibzexji^. H botb 
HaROHBi^, — nocii^ ciiieHu nea^y Bepaapoiir'B PysBe h btoS MaTepBD^ 
yMOJiaion^eg o6MaHyTaro Hysa hosbojihtb JLjisaerA noBHAaiBca (Tb 

PafiMOHAOlTB, — HH HpHOyTCTByeiTB HpH BaEJIDqETeJIBHOft CUfiWk OBE- 

Aania AByxi bj[]d6ji6hhux'b. OnarB 6e3yHHHS leoierB <rrpacTH, ho yse 
cpeAH piiA&Hit H TparE^ecROft ofioraHOBRE GHeprE, Roropaa 6pooaeTB 
CBOH) Bce pocTyn^yD liEB aa nocjrlA9i& to6wkwb $aHTa3ifi>. IlBOca 
3aRJiK)?aeTca RpaROui yMBpann^efi: <Pa&MOHA'B, 6yA& BipevB>, h btb 
TO BpoMa, RaRi j[d6obhhr'b, maTaacB, otxoahtb otb Tpyna, bbi oo- 
ctAHeft ROHHaTu bbexoahtb Mysi*, HanpaBiaacB R'b cuepTHofi no- 
•CTejiH. HicROiBRO MrHOBeaiit o6a yqacTHHRa wb €A4beari^» oMOTparB 
MHoroBHaHHTejiBHO ApyrB Ha js$^n... Bspfimi anioAEcveHTOFB, h sa- 
HaBi^cB naAaoTB... 

«Sale femme!» (HE3Raa xoHHiEHa), rph^etb B03J[i Mena RaRaa-TO 
nuiRaa ^paHiqrseHRa, ROTopaa, mosotb 6utb, BonpeRE TaROHy aeroAO 
BaniD Ha JlyHBerry, RaRi pas^ aBJiaeica bb A^^HEHft EOMeHTB «a^ 
JHMHiTb*.— That's very, very christian (bto coBciirB no xpEcriaHCRHl), 
y6isA6HH0 o6pan^aeTca sa mhoM anriE^aHEHi r% CBoeS oynpyri, tto 
MoseiB 6uTB, He noMimaexB exy bi shshe, ho CHorpa na Bocxan^e 
file HpaBCTBeHHOft Rpacorot Bepnapa, pasHecTH bi ap^^^^i'ii ^o 
jporo *dfhMimeAH>. 



1 



70 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

TasoBO coAepasame aToi o^eHB Herji[ynoi, iota rptman^eft mokh 
jipaHaTH^ecKHirE TpeTBHMX aKToifB SBecH. Hto Racaeicfl ao oi^hkk 
efl, TO, KancB, a. ncnHTUBan HeMajioe saMimaTejLCTBO, npHHHMaaoB. 
sa 8Ty qacTB aafla^n. ^iao Bt tomi, hto nBeca ora. He 6yAy^H nep- 
BooTeneHHoft, saTparHBaerB xsKoft cjoshhS ncsxojiorEqecKifi uyfioiubt 
?T0 pacnyiaTB ero KpaSne ipyAHo, Be B036yAHB'B MaccH cTpa- 
CTHHX'B Bospasemft h hs saTpoHyB'B o^eHB npo^HO ycTaHOBHB- 
niHxcfl MHiHia H HpaBOTBeHHUxi BKycoBi. Mai c;i;aeTca, hto 
HacTOfln^afl oi^^HKa niecH Horjia 6u 6utb c^iJiaHa JinmB qejiosiKoirB, 
KOTopiift 6ii coeABHflU'B pi^Koe BHaHie aHTponojioriH h HCTopifl ^ejio- 
BiqecKEXi* yqpes;i;eHii cb RpynHNirB xyjioasecTBeHHUifB TaiasTOirb: 
TOJiBRO Bi BToiTB cjTjqai ncHxojiorB^ecKlfi aflajrHBi, onHpaKniiMcfl Ha 

BBOJUOHiH) ^yBCTBlt H nOARpinJiraeMHfi flpRHUH H BM-i^CTi ESfl^HHMH 

o6padaMH, HOFB 6ii safiTH AaJteRO, He OTTOJiRHyBB Ha nepBHXi se 
nopaxi npHBHRmefl rii o6iiub[H'b BOsspiHUiirB iiy6jiBRH. Ho, yBu, 
Tjifb HafiTH TaRoro HHcjiHTejifl— xyAosHHRa bi Hamet xBaJiOHoft i;h- 
BEJiBsai^iH, pasopBaBmefi h pasHecniefi ^ejroB'bKa no RjilxKairB cne- 
iQaJiBHOCTefi? H HBuajio h ne npereHAyH) 6utb bthh'b ^bh^rcoitb. 
Ho nyoTB se ^HTaiejiB BHCJrymaerB otb MeBH MB'^Hie ^ejnoBtea, ro- 
Topuft cTpacTHo HHxepecyeTCfl BonpocaMH ofiniesBTifl h jirioACKofi co- 

flHAapHOCTH H CI BTOft BUCmofi, HO erO nOBflTiflM'B, TO^RH Sp'lHifl 

padCMaxpHBaeTB nrpy paajiHqHuxi npysHHi bi noHXHqecROU'B 
HexaHBdM*! coBpeiieHHaro ^ejioBtqecTBa. 

SHaexe, Aoporie ^BxaxejiH h HBTaxeJiBHHipi, RaRoe qyBciBO Bcnjrujia 
y HeHfl Hasepxi ^0A^ cb'^hIi'b Bne^axjiinieifB ApaHu? EcKpeHHfls 
6paT0Rafl sajocTB R'b jrioAflicL, cosAaBniHMX ce6i xorB caifufi aAx, B'b 
ROTopoHi* OBH xepBRioTCfl!.. OoxaBBMi Bi CTopoHi RysEHy Bepsapa, 
AtScTByioii^yH) icRJisoqHTejiBHo no pao^exy. Ho npo^ia Bct jmiifl, hbjeh- 
DTOfl H nonepeM'bHHo, h cpasy BsaHHHUMH najia^aiiH h sepTBanH h& 
no^Bi SEVRUTb cxpacxeft h a^^eRxoBt. He fiy^y cnopBXB nacqexB 
Toro, qxo ^yxRiH h A^JiHKaxHHfl — no xenepemHHMB BoaspiHiarB — 
oepAi^a BosMyxflxcH x'&h'b ysacHun'B, xoxa h nonycoBHaxeJiBHBiM'B aro- 

HSHOITB, RaKOft npOflBJ[flIOTT> BX CBOefi JII06bH PaftHOHA'B H JlyH- 

sexxa. ^ase h cb dCTexH^ecRoft xo^h apinifl HORpacBBo buxoahtb, 
^0 Bii xoxi cavHfi MOMeHT^, RorAa noBipHafl sena pascxaexca cb 

SHBHiK) H CO BC^HH 6j[H3RnMH JIIDABHH, Ofl MUOJIB HCRJTDqHXeJIBHO Ha- 

npaBji[flexcfl b'b cxopony en jiK)6oBHHRa: cnoBa 3a6£ixa ao^b, Roxopaa 
HenoBHHHa bi Heeqacxin; cHOBa safiuxi ]cysi>, RoxopuS ao crxb nopi 
jik)6hxi ee h y Roxoparo ona cxapaexca BHpsaxB nosBOJieHie npocTHXBcs 
CB qejiOBlROHi, paBfiHBmHiTB cqacxio sxoro icysa. CaHHft bha'b xoft 
RpoBaxB, Ha Roxopofi JiesHTB yMEpaiomafl, cxapaacB no-npe»HeMy 
cxpacxHo oxBaxHXB, — yBu, cjnafiiioniHMH pyRavz, — cBoero MHJiaro^ ca- 
HHft 8X0X1 BHA'B npoH3BOAHxi> RaRoo-xo oxxaj[RHBaK)ni;ee Bneqaxjitnie: 
bIa^, 8X0 ho npesHiH CBHAaHifl na Cepery Hopn, RorAa, onBHHeHHue 
cxpacxiio, o6a mfioBHHRa xaRii se Majio Ayus^H o HeMi>-jrH6o, Rpoirfc 
caMBXii ce6fl, RaRi> JieBi h j[BBHii,a, comeAmiecfl a^h ho^hofo paHAOB; 



181 4fVASapi. 71 

Vb ropaxi* ATJiaca; npH nocjr]^;qieirb cBHAamn aro 6ujn> He KJ&rb^ a 
3jD[0Biii^ee xpio, vb KOTopovL yqacTBOsajia GuepTB... 

H, OAHaso. H, OAHaKO, HanHcajix a 8to, h yse coKHiHie sa^mHaerB 
BEpaAUBaTBCfl Vb muojtb: He qepe8?ypT»-JiH orporo OTHecca a k'b bjodC- 

JK^HHIiIJi'B, H He Bl CamiS-JIH MOMeHTB nOCJI'^AHflrO paSCTaBaHBH, KOTO- 

piifi EopoCHTb Hams pyrHHHUH scTeTH^ecKifl noHHTia, nxi BsaHMHoe 
aooJiorH.^ecEoe larorbHie npoHHifaeTL HaH6ojrbe ^ejroBi^Hiia $opHU? 
Hto ocrajiocB otb npeaHefi ABtxymefi JlyflaeTTH, Btoro MOJio;^oro h 
3;^opoBa^o cymecTBa, KOTopoe nanBHo npasHaBajiocB, ^to qyBCTByerB 
jiHinB cTOOTie jhdCbh h— oqeHB Majio yrpHseBifl? C^ Apyroft CTopoHH, 
HaAO yMunuBieHHO saRpuBaiB rJiasa, qT06£i He bh^'I^tb, hto npeogjiaAaio- 
mfii ^epxofi hxt* jtdSbh 6u4a $H3HqecKaa CTpacTB, h o^ho coMHtHie 
CMtnaeTca ApyrHirB: ae BosiiyTETejiBHH'jH, oAHaRO, o6a ara ^ejioBisa, 
soTopBie Hsii-sa acHBOTHaro anxa 6e3saj[0CTH0 pasdHBaioTB c^acrie 
6jih3rhx'b JiE);];efi? Ho xyrB BonpocB ycjiosHaeTca: npacTaBJiaBTe, ecjia 
xoTBTe, K'B axouy «aKTy> caaufi p'bsRifi anaTeTi, ?to6u yse oahhitb 
BTHMx daaecTH ero b'b paspa^^i^ aasHeHHHX'B npoaBieaift qejiOB^^ecRaro 
opraaasMa, — bh ne BBiqepRaexe ero asi* coBpeHeaaoS asasaa, Maio 
Toro, BH Cyj^eie BHayaA^aH cosHaxBca, hto oai* ao cnvb nop-B arpaeTB 
B'B ^ejiOBiqecRoft ncHxojioriH orpoMayio pojiB, a Ba^acryio b-b CBoeft 
3oojiora^ecRoi^, eje-ejie yKpameaaofl noa3ieii, ^opat. Bo3BHHTe aicKOJBKO 
Bejaqaamax'B npoasBeAeaifl xyAoaeciBeaaaro TBopwcTBa, pacyion^ax^ 
CeayMayio jih)6obb, jik)6obb — CTpacxB, aoTopaa paafiaaaerB ooa,laj[BaBM 
a npo^ nperpa^BT, a, ae caoTpa aa pasaocxB aaoxi, bu yaaABTe^ 
wo aia ii;b4th noasia npaRpuBaioTB cnjioniB a paj^oirB CTaTy© Ilpiana 
ROTopBifi cqaxajEca aeAapoai y paajiaai noEpOBarejeH'B caAoax. Ilpa- 
cHOTpaxecB xoth 6u r-b ^OAP'i^i Roiopaa aaaaaajia BOo6paseBie ctojib- 
aax-B noatOBT.. Botb MWb *eApa ^Bpa^a;^a, KOTopy© noaapaerB 
crpacTB K'B nacHBRy CBoeay, HnnoaaTy. B'B conpoaoaAeaia cBoefl Rop- 
MajiHi^H oaa bbixoabtb a3'B ABopi^a, xn^eiao cxapaacB a86aBaxBca 
OTB npecji'&AyDiAaro ee o6pa3a loaonia, a asi yoTB ea JiBioxca 
aajiofis: 

iUoAAepaHTe Moe t&eo, BHnpflMBTe moh) rojiOBy; a vyBCTByio cjia6ocTB 
BO Beizi* conaeEemaz'by noApyrH. ^epsHre, pa6uHH, moh npeKpacHua pyxH. 
TjiroTHTi MeHfl BTOT'B HOKpoB'B Ha roflOB^. (K'b KopMH2Hi^), Chhmh ero, pas- 
6pocafi moh bojiocu no njieqaM'b> *). 

8ra ropAaa a cajiBaaa aean^aaa ae aaxo^axi oe6i idcxa a, — 
nycxB HHb a3Baaax^ qaxaxejiB axo RJiacca^eoRoe cpaaaeaie, — aaao 
aanoMaaaeTB aecqacxnyio lo B'B cCROBaaaoifB npoaexei» dcxaja, lo, 
^peBpa^^eaayK) ai RopoBy a aecyn^yiQca no nojraiTB no^'B ary^aaa 
yRojaiia oao^^a. Ho bu xoxaxe ooxaaoBaxB aeaa sa^cb, xoxaxe yKa- 
saxB aa a^eajiBBufi ajeaearB bi> ]ijo6be ^oaph, y aoxopofi-A^ Ropaa- 
JiBi^a eflBa-e^Ba ycniaaerB aapaaxB ana jiiD6aMaro ei) qejioBtaa a *ko- 
xopaa npoa3aocaTi» ropa^ xapa^H aa-c^exi ^ecxa? Ybh, ero wbrb^ 



*) HippoL, cTHx-b 199—203. 



72 pyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

8Toro Hj^eajTBHaro ajieMeHra! He AjnieBHafl KpacoTa SanoiHTa, He aoi- 
rie pasroBopu orb eewl BUSBaJs jik)6obb Ma^HXH ki lOHOini: crpacTB 
BcnuxHyjia cpasy bi on rpyAH, EaEi pascRasuBaerb o toitb cana 
A^po^^HTa: 

^YsEjifbB'b ero (Hnnojorra), Kor^a oh*b npnmejrb hbt* AOMa IlHTeefl b'b aemiD 
IlaHAioHa }i,SM Bp&DDi^a h yvacTta wb cBamfiHBUTb MHCTepiAZi, 0e;Q>a, Cjiaro- 
poAHaa cynpyra ero OTi^a, aamixajia b% oepjsjifi CTpamHOio n)6oB£K> 6jiaroAapii 
MOHifB cTapaniaifb* *). 

A ^o6u He ocTaBaiocB coMHiHifl bi xapaRiepi aiofi jnoCBH, no- 
ciymattte, KaKi* OTst^erb cana $e;y)a sa BonpocB xopa, KOTopufi 
sejiaerB^Haib, ito Kpn^HTB HnnoAHT^ bo ABopi^t RopMEJ[nii;t, ynieA- 
me^ oO-hacBUThoa. da rocnosy lOHonrb: 

cOflt flCHo HasHBaeiYb ee nocruAHofi eBOAHm^efi (tifjv xax(&v TCpojivi^ 
<^P^<3tv), npe;iaBmeft lose CBoero ^ocDOJ^HHa> **). 

Ho TO 6HJia <&eApa flsu^ecKafl, ^e^pa aHTH^Haro Mipa, rji/k naxe- 
piajLHEifi BJieireHTL HecoMHiHHo npeofiiaAaji b^ jno6BH MesAy AByna 
nojiaMH, nocjiymafiTe, o^HaEO, ^e^py HsumHaro PacHHa, CHBmaro 
HCKpeE&HMii KaTOJiHEOHx H oodAaBinaro hbi ApeBHefi itapHinii TpeseHH, 
no cjcoBaH^ UlaTofipiaHa, Tnjrb ^xpncriaHKH, noABeprmefioa ocysAe* 
Biio>, THQ'L <rptniHHipi, KOTopaa na^aeTB shbos) wb pyKH Bose- 
cTBa» ***). Hto HAeaiiLHaro bh HaxoAHTe Bi>TaROft jno6BH? Botb ojijswb 
E3X pasroBopoBx ^ejsfiu ci KopHHJi[Hii,ei: 

,,E;^Ba E cBiiaajEa ce6ii ysaMH THMeHea cb cuHoicb dies, h sor^a, sa- 
Baiocb 6u, Moe cnoKoficTBie h hog c^acTie 6iuh otfesne^enH, AeHHH no- 
KaaajH Kut Koero rop^aro Bpara. K yBH^iia ero, a nospacErkia, a noCrh- 
^Bl^^a npH ero bh^I; CHflTCHle OBJiaA^JO Moed pacTepflHHofi xymofi; hoe 
nasa HHHero ho bh^^ih 6oiBme, & ho Hor^a tobophtb; sl "lyBCTBOsaia, 
Kas'B Ece Moe r^o xojox'i^o h roptjo; a ysnaia Benepy h es CTpainHuft 
njaHen&.p. TiqeiHO hoh pyKH xrsR laAaH'b Ha airapax's: bito speMfl, sas^b 
ycia MOH npH3HBaj[H hma 6orHHH, a MOjraiacB HniioiHTy; h 6e3npecTaHH0 
BBji^ ero, s. y caMaro noAHOxia BosseHHux's mhok) aiTapefi npHHOCHja Bce 
B'b mepTBf dTOMy 6ory, Roxopaio a ne Moria nasBaTB. A Bcioxy CTapaiacB 
K36trafL ero, 0, Bepx's sionoiynia! Moh iiasa HaxoxHJra ero b'b ^epraxi 
ero oTi^a. HaEonei^'B, a ^epsHyia BOSMyTHTBca npoTHB'b caicod ce6a: a na- 
nparjia see cBoe MysecTBo h CTaja npecirbAOBaTB ero. H^toCh HsrHaxB Bpa- 
ra, KOToparo ii o6osaia, a npHTBopajacB siofi h HecnpaBeAiHsofi Ma^Mxofi. 
R oacTaufiaia na ero HsrHaHiH, h moh s^HHua xaio6u supBaxH ero hs'b 
o6i;iTi}i oTiia. S. BS^ozHyja CBo6oxHie... Ybh, TiKeTHiia npexocToposHOCTH! 
JEecTOEaa cyAi>6a! Cam cynpyrx Moft npHBeii Mena b'b Tpeseny, h a yBH-- 
X^^ Dpara, Eoxoparo yAaiHza: Moa CB'bsaa pana cefi^aci se CHOBa oTRpu- 
jaeii. K Tenepb dxo yse ho cxpacTB, CRpiixaa bi hohx'b SHiax'B: dxo caMa 
fiorHHE Benepa, oxBaTHBmaa cbok) ji,o6ujsj, ****) 

OfipaTnre BEHiiaHie He efl 6e3yMHoe npHBHame HnnoxExy, na cJioBa: 
tysHai »e $eApy n en bcd jooCobejv) CTpacTb (toute sa fureur): a 

*) Ibid., cT. 24-28. 
•^) Ibid., CT. 589—590. 

**•) Cbftieaubrland, G6nie du christianisme, 2-e partie, liyre III, ch. HI. 
*♦♦*) Pbfedre, cr. 269—304, passim. 



, Hsi <^PAH]^H. ( ;] 

3ao6jaDy *); Ha rpyfio-MaTepiaiBHua sapTHHH c^acTk BiK)62eHHUXi, 
KOTopiifl pasBopTHBaeTB nepe^i Heft efl peBHHsoe Boofipasenie, sorjf^a 
oHa ysHaen, ^ro UnuosBTb h ApHKia jodGhtb AP7n» ^ipF^- ^Kas'b 
OHH BHAiJiBCB (o6paii^aeTCfl OHa ei KopimJiHi^i)?.. IIo^eHy se tu hh- 
^qero He cKasajSEa mh^ o6:b «rb CTpaciH, Koropoft ohh npeAasaxHCB 
yEpajpcoft? Hto se, nvb nacTO BH^rfcirH pasroBapHBaDii^HMH, niqyii(HMH 
^pyrB Apyra? y64raiH m ohh bi rjiy6B aica, ^to6u yKpnTBca Tain>?i **) 

» T. fl. 

H ecjrn 6sr a He 6hun> orpann^eH'B iipe;cij[aMH sypnajiBHofi oxaxBH, 
a MorB 6h npHBecTH AJiHHHUft pflA% xyAOsecTBeHHUxi, Aose HjieaiH- 

^HpOBaHHHX'B THnOBl, y KOTOpUXl UOJIOBaH CTpaCTB qyTB JOL He I^ijIHKOH'B 

noKpHBaerB noHSTie jnofiBH. Gioboitb, JierKO rpovHTB HHSMeHHBift aroHSMi 
repoeBi h repofiHB, ROTopuirB sanaB'&CEa ajiBKOBa icimaeTB bha'I^tb 
nrapoKift Mipi Bosift, He roBopa yse o cTpaxamax'B 6jiH3KHXib ad- 
jifilk. Ho 6ojLie qejiOBt^EHO n 6oji±e nay^Ho jifioie, eojiH xothto, 

SaiiXB eXHX'B sepiB'B A^pOAHTU. 

B'B HBeci TBHOHa Konei^'B BOdHyrnub ^lacTB nyfiiHSH h HeMaio 
jKpaHaTHqeoKHXx ephtheobi: sasi, iiys7» nosBOifleTB HaxoAHTBCs y 
^vepTHaro loasa senzi en j]D6oBHHsy? a& bto — TpanEa;. aro snaife- 
fiHTuft THH'B «npH($HTaro H AOBOJiBHaro> dynpyra, HSoCpaaseHHaro 
Bossa^o, OTO vb HisoropoirB po;^'& penerarB h 6'&rjiei^ hs'b phaobx 
tJODAefi nopflABa>, OTcraHBann^Hxi sasoHB n HpasoTBenHocTB! 
^ynaiD, qxo pyccsiS ^HiaTejEB, oTHeceroH si nBeci npon^e h 
^ejTOBt'iHie. E, HMeHHO, arorB asTB npon^eHiH ysassiBaerB, hto 
mnposie H^eajni ryiiaHHOCTH BpsiBaioTCH Bce 6oiBnie h 6oju»me 
BO ^paHi^yscsift leaTpx, ao ohxi nopi> ciHinEOirB chjibho OTpasaB- 
mift Ha cetii bsfjuiah roonoAerByDii^HX'B KiaccoBi. He 6e3:B 6opB6u, 
He 663^ sojefiaHifl oorjKamaercs noAaBj[eHHiift ropeux Bepnapi na 
npooB6y r-sn TajuBBaHAi AonycTHTB ea cHHa k:b yMHpax>ii;eft, — h sto 
H3i HacB, jTUAeft, SHBymnx'B cpe^H Bosspimi ooBpeHeHHaro crpoa, 
<rB jierEHM'B cepweiTB ]s,wyn> lasoe corjiacie? Ho Bce se PaftnoHAi) 

B'B BOHI^ EOHI^OB'B MOSOTl HpOCTHTBOfl CB SeHlipHOft, pimaBmeftCH 

4$poonTB E3i-8a Hero Bce na cBtri. Bepnapi bha^jtb, Easaa ^epra 
Dpeo&raAajia wb oTHomeHiaxii PaftMOHAa h JLjEzemi, — ne safiyAeMi, 
^To oHi cjLumaji'B H3i coc&AHeft soMHaiH 6e3yMBHfi pasroBopi cBoefi 
seHii ex AK)6o]&HHSOirB, EOTopHi OEOH^axeJiBHO yroBopnn ee 6isaTB 
€i» HHHi nepcnoETHBoft «cnaTB h npocKnaTBOH na ero rpyAH». H 
^yBCTBO Mysa, Menj^e sry^ee, ho 602ie upouoe h cepBesnoe, He 
Morjo-JE ^My noAGsasaTB, hto, npon^aa Bjao6ji&asEarh htb cBHpinuft 
^roHSM'B njioTH, ovB B'B cyii^HOCTH HpoAaerB 3a6BeHiK) $H3H?eOEyD 
€H3i[iHy» 2K)6HMoft HHx seHn^HHH, T. 6. Ty ea cTopony, vjifi ona 
6um fiojiie SB^peirB, n'km HOJioBtEoirB? 

Hojiarax), ^to^ saEX 6u hh 6iu[h ocTpH npHCTynu ^HsnqeoKoft 



*) Ibid., CT. 672-673. 
*♦) Ibid., CT. 1231-1236. 



1 



74 PyCCKOE BOTATCTBO. 

peBHocTH y coBpeM6HHaro neJiOBiRa, ]>a8BHTafl jib^hootb onpaBHTCfl 
cEop^e m> HEME, TbiTB CB Tofi H^eajiLHofi HSMiHoS JiK)6HMaro cyn^e- 
cTsa, KOTopafl nepeHOCHTB ^^yxoBHiiS i^eHrpi xflseoTH sa TpeiBe 
jiQi^o E Bi> HBHi saoraBiflerL BEAiTB cojiHE^e H^efiHoft SH3HH. 06pa- 
Ture BBHMaHie na cjtkp,jv)m}& crpoKE, bi KOTopuxi, ocjie e hosho 
safiTH orroxocoK'B (ffmrnecKoi CTpacifl, to oxrojioooK'L, Tepaioii^os 

B'B EAOflHOlTB TflrO'rtEiE El ^eJIOBlRy. 

„il yBasaH), a jud6ik) CBoero Mjsa, KaK'b E'l^Sflaa aohb o6osaeT'B cbo- 
ero io{jpoA'^TeiLHaro oxita, BOTopoiiy osa npEHecja 6h ^ase bi sepisy 
CBQero B03J[K)6jeEHaro; so a sanua ^eiOBtoa, soTopufi hop's 6u 6iitb 
sTifMi^ B03i£)6iessuM'b, E xoTfl A ocxajacB B^pEa cBoeicy cynpyxecBOMy 

AOITJ, MOA ECKpeSEOCTB EG MOMa CBpHTB ^yBCTBl, KOTOpHA A ^0;^^BEaJIa 

dxoMy XQJLij. Mod liys'B, spa^e ^yBCxsHxeiBEsid e bb cBoed J[E)6be, s b'b 

CBOeMl> CaM0J[K)6iE, 'BO HOrB B£IEeCTE HUCJE CaMOM'B Efl^XOSEOM'B HSM*]^- 

KeHiH B'B Toft HAeHEod BiacTfl, BOTopyH) OHB EHii'B Ea^co HEofi; ero BOo6pa- 
%eHie £ipflSAJ[0 upaHEuft ott'^eob'b, ero pobeocxb ciaia pas^paicavB MesA;^ 
name ciacxie Aaieso OTiexijo oxb EacB; OB'S o6oxaji'B iieEA, a EpHEocEia 
ce6E BB sepxBy eicy, h* uu 6uJia. EecHacTEu. Ecj[u6b[ a 6i>ua CBo6o;^a, a 
c li^xoBOJia 6h no naxaMi aa hhmb, ^to6u yMeEBinnxB ero cxpaiaeiA e yx4- 
miiTb ero cTapocxB; lyma, no;^o6BaA Moefi, Ee ocTaBiACTi aepxBH bboboe- 
leEHOH. Ho PoiaE'B oropHEJca npa mucje o xepTBi, e coanaEie xoro, tto 
A Eimuomy CMy lasyH), paapymaeTB ero cnacxie; owb CTpa;^aeTB ot^b xoro, 
"iTo npiiHHMaex'B sepxBy, e b'b to se BpeHA bo MOsexB o6ofixECB 6e3'B 
HeA" *J. 

Tpia, ncEXEqecKifl oxEomeEifl Eoxoparo E3o6paseEU sa^cb, npri- 
Ea;iJieKEX% B'B EaxeropiH ^ajieEd bo 6aEaj[BBUX'B An^efi: sefla, nn- 
luyE^aji dXE cxpoEE, — aBaHBEExaa r-sa PojiaH'B, <eAEECxBeEEK[E Mys- 
^sa }KHpoBAH», Easi roBopBjiB Befi-, MyacL ea— b4ckojibko ne^aB- 

Xn^HUflf, EO OIBEB nOnXOEEBlfi J^tflXOJlb pOBOJIBDI^iE; HOJIOB'i&E'B^ El £0- 

xopoMy nuB MenxH t-kb PojiaB'B, — cyMpa^Etift, bo repoBqecEift Bidso. 
Botoj BaMi ^Ecxafl ah)6obb, jidSobb 6631 (|)B3E^eGEaro €Eefl3rjia;(H- 
Maro 0TneqaxKa>, o EoxopoMi roBopBrB JleMexp'B: aerqe-JiE otl xoro 
crapoKj PoJiaBy, Eoxopuft cxoab ^oiroe BpOMa 6ujn> JnyqraBMi xobb- 

pHH^GMl., EAefiflBTMl ApyrOMl ffieEII? H, OAEBEO, EMeBEO Bt 9X0M1 

EaDpaBJEBEiE ^oiiSEa 6lixb coBepiEBBa AyniBBBBfl pa6oxa pasBExoro 
qejioBisiia, ^o6bi e ^ESE^BCEafl, h Ej^Bfiaafl pbbeocxb kt> A^HEOuy 
jiHiiy pacxBopflJiacB bi MBEto EExeBCEBEOiTB, MOSBxi 6bixb, BO 6oJila 

rnHpOEUMTi qyBCXBi 06^^B^6JI0BiqeCE0H COJIE^tapEOCIE... 

H. K. 



*) Memoires de Madame Boland ierits durani sa captiviti; Paris, 1864^ 
t, n HSi^asiA Faag^re, CTp. 236—237. 



HBl rSPMAHIH. 7& 



Hai) FepMaHiH. 



Ha Kspii nocjrb^HHX'B EtfiiepcKiix'& Bfir6opoB'& 1893 roAa, cocTaB- 
jiesHoft o^^HiqajiBHUBrB CTaTHOTHqecKHM'& 6s)po, jsjksjai pflAi» BK6op- 
MUTb oRpyroB'b BaBapis OKpameHi b'b cipys) KpacRj, a vb nokbinfiE' 
Hofi BHH37 TadjiHnt noJETHqecKHX'b napiiS oooTBtTCTBeHdlftfl cbpaa 
Ri'bTKa osHa^eHa cjeoboitb cseonpeAi^eHHO^. CiaTHCTHSH «Hifnep- 
cKaro 6H)po> B'B Bepinst 6£ij[h, o?qbhj^o, o^ohb moxo ocBtAOH- 
^lesH Ha cqerB nojiBTHqecRsx'B SLBJiemfi BToporp no sejiHiiHHib coiosHaro 
rocyi^apcTBa FepMaHm. Ctpaa KpacRa Ha BBiGopnofl Eaprt, He cMOTps 
Ha CBOD HOBHSHj, oipasaia riwb He MeH'i^e BaojiHib <oapeA^eHHHe» 
^aRTii rocy^^apcTBOHHOfl shsho: osa GBE;i(t^jii%GTBOBaia nepBoe bu- 
cxyiueHie KpecTBAHCKaro cocjOBk Ha apeni aRTHBHOfi ofin^ecTBeHHO* 
noj[HTH<iecRo9 ^^TejiBHOCTH. 8to BuerynjieHie 6£iJio nepBUHi pimn- 
Tej[BHBiHT» oTRasoHB OTB cTapoAaBHeft oneRH 6ypscya3Hiixi napTift, h 
ero ycntxT* j^ocraTO^HO xapaKTepHsyeTca 1*111, ito ^hcto RpecTBan- 
cKie RaHAHj^aTu ox nepsaro »e pasa (rsyMijiH co6paTB orojo ce6a 
8,3% Bcixii noj^aHHHX'B roiocoBX npH BB[6opax'B b'b 6aBapcRifi JiaH;^- 
TarBH 11% rojtocoBB, noj^aHHHX'B npH Budopaxi wb repnaHCRifi peftxc^ 
TarB. 

FjiaBBBEiTB i^eHTpoiTB RpecTBflHCKaro i^BHseHiH B'B TepMaHiH npo- 
AOJsracaeTB ocxaBaTBCfl Basapifl, xoth, RaR'B vs. ysHiiHirB HHse, n na 
ctBept BB nocji^Hee BpeHfl Boe 6oj[ie npo6ysA&6TCfl coHH^Hie B'B 
ToacecTB'b arpapHUXB h KpecTBflHCRBXB HHTepecoBB. Bo3HHRHOBeHie se 
ABHseHiH BnepBiie cpe^H fiasapcKHX'B EpecTBflHi o6BflCHfleTCH liM-b 
npocTBiM'B ^aRTOMB, ^0 Basapui ecTB no npeHMymecTBy RpecTBHHCRas 
CTpaHa. Bb HacT0iini,6B[ craTB'b m£i He hosoh'b bxoahtb bb noApo6Hoe 
pascHOTp'bHie npnqnH'B JiiofionuTHaro flBJieHiji: no^eHy BocTO^Han Ilpyc- 
cifl cA^ffajiacB CTpanoft Rpynnaro seiuteBJia^tHifl, a wb, BasapiH ooxpa- 
HHJiocB MOJiRoe RpecTBJiHCRoe BJia^'i^Eie. S^'i^cB mosho jiHmB ynasaTB, 
^TO npH^iHHH 8TH JiesaTB, BO-nepBHX'B, B'B arpappoi nojiHTHRt, npe;^- 
mecTByion^et RpecTBAHCROMy ocBo6osAeHiK), h, bo-btopbix'b, bb ca- 

MHX'B yCJIOBlflX'B, Ha ROTOpUXB COBepmHJUOCB 0CB060SAeHie RpeCTBHHX 

Bi> IIpycciH H BaBapiH. ^o HaqaiaanoxH ocBoOosAenifl seMejarBHafl co6- 
cTBeHHOCTB B'B BaBapiH fiNia pacnpe^^iena raRi, tto orojio 56% 

BCiXT> RpeCTBflHCRHXB ABOpOBB HaXOAHJIOCB Vb pyRdXB Ay^OBeHCTBa. 

$aRTB cocpeAOToqenifl seiieiiBHOft cotfcTBeHHocrn bb pynaxB jsjxoBeJL- 
cTBa HMijiB Ty xopomyD cropoHy, qro ociafijur^'B cHJiy 6aBapcRoft 
sHaTH no oTHomenis) r'b CaBapcRHirB rhhsbhiib. KpecrBflHCRaa seiuifl, 
OTomeAinafl vb nojTBsy i^epRBefi h MOHacxupeft, xoth h sa- 
Kptnj[flJia sa AT^oBeHciBoirB i^'brat ipa^ RpecTBHHCRHX'B noRo- 
jinift, HO Bx TO ae BpeMfl ycROJiBSaaa otb cocpeAOTO^eniH Vb py- 



1 



76 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

Kaxi pui^apefl h SHaxH. droft nocji'lAHeS npEHaAJnesajio okojio 2A% 
KpecTiiHHCEHX'B jsfiOfovby HO JLTb pasfipocaHHooTB irbmajia ofipasoBaHUD 
KpynHHxt.xoaaficTBi. Kpoirt Toro cirl^eTb mAth vb BH^y eme 0AH7 
ocofioHHocTL 6aBapcKaro saKOHOAaTejiBCTBa. Yse ex 16-ro cxosMb 
KasAufi Heniiynufi qeioBiK'E c^fflraica uoj^ozpwtesbnmrb, ero oaaoa- 
JLHCB saKi 6po;girH, SHByn^aro oahhitb paaCoeirb. ^BopflHe uei&jij rkwb 

OXOTHO APO6EIII RpeCTBflHCKie ABOpU, TOO6I1I CeiHTB Ha HHXl 66336- 

HejiBHUxi noAeHHUEKOB'B H co3AaBaTB AJiH C66a Heo6zo;^HMyv) pafioqyio 
cHjy. npoTHBii xaKoro ;i;pp6](eHifl nanpaBieHO 6ujlo daKOHOAareiBCTBO 
16ro H IT-ro Bisa, a nocJiiACTBiein* saKOHOAaTeuHuxii irj^px wb 
ysasaHHOMt nanpaBieHiH 6urb HeAOcxaTOK^B pa6o?Hxi» pysi, Heo6xo- 
jsjoiUTb A'fl BeAeHiH KpynHaro , xosflficxsa. B'b bocxo^hoH DpycciH 
o6cxoflxej[BCXBa csjiaAHBpHCB HHa^e: sa^ob j!^xob6H6Xbo ne hh-Ijio 
X0& CHjru, mo bi BaBapin; s^tcB KoiraHAynn^HirB Rjnaccoirb 6iuo dh- 
KepcxBO, Wb yroAy Eoxopony 6paHAeH6yprcKi6 Ryp^Dpcxu h EHfldBfl 
cMOxpiiH CEB03B naJiBl^u Ha npoi^ecoi nooxeneHHaro HcqesHOBeHin 
EpecxBflHCKaro cocjiobIh. Bxopaa nojuoBHHa 18-ro sisa 6Hj[a BpeMeHeHi> 
HaH6ojL'66 CHJiBHaro npoHBJieHifl axoro npoi^ecca, H3Bi^xHaro bi hcxo- 
piH no^ HMeHeiTL Bauernlegen. IlepenHCH 1882 H 1895 rojipvb 
He HamjiE SA'fcoB hotth HHsaEHXii oA'bjifiVb Hacxoan^aro EpecxBHHCxBa. 
EcjiH HU saxiiTB cpaBEHMi ycioBlfl EpeoxBflHCEaro ocBofiosAenifl 
B'B npycciH H BanapiH, xo Ha cxopoHi nociij^Heft OEaxexcH 6oJiBmoe 
npeHMyn^ecxBO, 3aEJ[iD7aK)nteecH bb xoh'b, qro ona He 8HaexT> npHH- 
HjHna BUEyna nyxeirL ycxyiiEH senjiH; ^xo HaxypajiBHiu h npo^ xh- 
rocxH, noAJiesaBniifl bb IIpyGoiii BUEyny, s^icB ycxpanflracB 663^ 
BCflsaro BOSHarpaaKAOHifl; hxo, Hasonei^, xairB, r^i^ npycosift EpeoxB- 
flHHHB o6fl3UBaflOfl B'B BHecems) 25 j^ojieft ;(OJiroBoft penxu, 6aBapcsift 
AOJUseffB fiujTB BHecxH xoJiBEo 18 jsfljiei. Ajui o6jierqeHifl Busyna ro- 
cy^apcxBO npHHajro na ce6fl ofiasaxejBcxBO BOBHarpasAenifl noiiin^H- 

EOBB, BSaiftHX ?erO B3BZCSHBaeXB XeiiepB BKEyilHiZfl CyMlTK (TB OaMHXl 

EpecxBflffB BB BHAi ocoChx'b ^exHpexi-npoi^eHXHBcx'B BUEynnnxi nia- 
xeseS. 9xa npoi](e;iypa, HSB'&cxHaa no^ HMeneiTB Bodenzinse, npoAOi- 
^KHXCH en^e ao 1934 ro^a, sor;Ka HaEonei^B HC?e3Hyxi nocJrbAHie 
csfb^ Eptnocxfloro cocxoHHia. 

Pa3jiiHqie BB pacnpe^ibJieHiH seMeiBHofi co6cxBeHHOcxH na otBept 
E K>rl FepMaHiH hcho fiy^exB h3% ojtAyion^Hx^b ^^annnxB, ao6uxux'b 
nocjiAHHMH nepenncflMH 1882 h 1895 toaobb. Esb Bdeft 36mjih, na- 
xoAflnneficH b:b cejrBCSO-xosHftcxBeHHoft o6pa6oxE'b, na js,ojao Epynnaro 
seiueBJEaAiHiH, x. e. na jsfyjm y^aoxEOBi OBume 100 resxapoBi, b'b 
CEJEesiH npHXOAHXOfl 34,57o) bb BpaHAeH6ypr& 36,3, Bocxo^Hofi 
npycciH 38,6, Sana^Hot Upyccin 47,1, no3HaHH 55,3, IIOMepaHiH 
57,4, BB mecxH bocxoehux'b npoBHHiQHxx BM^cxi— 44,5%- Bx npo- 
XHBynoAosHocxB SI dxoMy, B'B BaBapiH h3% 681,521 3eicj[eBJD[aAtjiB9e- 
CEHX'B xo3HficxBB xoiBEo 594, cji^AOBaxeiBHO Bcero 2,;i%, HaxoAHXoa 
VB pysaxi Epynnaro 3eMJieBJiaAtHia. Wn* osna^eHHaro ^ncjia xo- 
^ftcxBB BaBapiH na aoih) rbrB, hxo HSHlpflDxca Meffbe ^HB-res- 



HSl rBPMAHlH. 

xapoMi) *), IIpHxo;^HTca 25,5%; y^acTKH b-b 1 — 2 reKT. cocTaBMiCTS 
13*^/0; ywcTKH BT> 2—5 reKT.— 24,3%; yqacira Bi 5—10 reKT. — 
17,8%; y^aoTKH B-B 10—20 reKT. — 12,7<'/o; y^acTKH bt> 20—50 
reKT. — 6,1%; y^acTKH bi 50—100 reKT. — 0,57©; cBHme 100 reKT. — 
TOJiBKO 0,1 °/o. TaKHMi oepasoMT, xapaKTepii ceiBCKaro xosaflcTBa Bt 
BaBapiH no npeHHyn^ecTBy KpeoTBflHCKifi, npsqeM'b 80%, hjeb Vs Bcixi 

XOSflfiCTB'B npOXOAHTCfl fia AOID UQJLKtLX'b E CaMUX'B MeJKHX'B, H3'L 

ocraJibHUX'B 20''^o Gojite nojioBHHU (12J%) BJiaA'^HiS pasHtpaHH 
10^ — 20 re|T. He BHXOAflTB sa npe^ijiH cKpoMHOft xoaaflcTBeH- 
Hofl caHOCTOflTejibHGCTn. BaBapifl npe;^CTaBji[flen> cpeAH cona-- 
Huxi rocyAapcTBi crpaHy, bi^ KOTopoft HanCojiBniafl ?acTB napoj^a »h- 
Berb Ha c^erB cejiBcsaro xosafiCTfia, t. e. xjii6onaniecTBa, ckotobo;^- 
cTBa H jiicoBOACTBa. He cMOTpa na rJiyfioKia nepeM'bHU b-b oGn^ecTBen- 
HO-xo3flficTBeHHOft SH3HH, o6HapyseHHUfl nepenncBK) 1895 roAa, 
cejiBCKO-xosflficTBeHHaa upoiuimjieHHOcTB Bce eii;e cocTaBJuieTB rjiaB- 
Hyio c^epy npoMHCjOBoft A'i^ifrejiBHOGTH npH6j[ii3HTejiBHO noioBEHu 
6aBapcRaro HapoAa: es) saHATo 46,4% Hacejienifl, Tor^^a EaKi toabko 
28^/o, BaHffTO wb $a6pHqHO-3aBo;^cKOM'B ;^ijit, 8,5% — B't ToprOBJit 
H TpaHcnopTHHx^ npej^npiffriHXTi, l®/g bi ;toManiHeM'B h 5,3®/o vb 
o6mecTBeHHOM'B xoaaficTBi; y 18,8 He osna^eHX poA'B ^itaTejiBHocrrH. 
CBopxii Toro, sHaqnTeiBHafl ?acTB HacejeHia saHHuaeTCfl cejiBCKHirB 

XOSflfiCTBOlfB KaKX nOAGHOpHUH'B JliJLOlTb. Bce 9T0 B^ COBOKyQHOCTH 

AOCTaTO^HO yKa3B[BaeTi, KaRHMii BasHBiirB ^aKTopoifB ceJiBCRoe xo- 
SflBCTBo flBJifleTCfl Kb 2SH3HH 6aBapcKaro Hapo^a h KaKoe oHJiBHoe 
BJiiflHie 0Ka3£iBaeTi oho Ha xoa'b rocyAapcTBOHHOft A'i^flTeJiBHOCTH. 
BBicTpoe pasBHTie HHAyciplH, ToproBin h o6paiii,eHifl ne mofjih 

tfeS^y TtMl He 0Tpa3HTBCfl H Ha 6aBapCK0M'B CeJlBCKOlfB X03flfiCTB']^, 

noAnaBmeMii bjohhIv) HHocTpanHofi ROHKyppeH^iH h BceMipnaro ptiHEa. 
nocjitiiCTBieirB dToro abhjihcb yna^oRi* aoxoahocth 3eMej[B e pocTb 
3eMej!BH0fi 3aA0J[seHH06TH. HnoxeqHue jsfiJLm, jEeacaniie na eaBapcKOHi 
rejiBCKOM'B xo3aficTBt, no yjitpeHHOMy pacqoTy H3M4pai)Tca IV, mhji- 
jiiapAauH MapoKi., 60 mhjiji. m. npoi^eHTOB'B noj^esarB exceroAHoS 
ynjiaTt. TaKx KaKx qncTEifi Aoxoji;^ cejiBCKO*xo3aicTBeHHaro npoHS- 
BOflCTBa o^pe;^'tJIaeTCH bt* 250 mhm. MapoKi, to hoith i^tnaa ^er- 
BepTB BToro Aoxo;^a yxoAHTi Ha npoi^CHTH no floary. 3a;i0ji»eHH0CTB 
H3Ti roj^a B-B roAT* pacTerB. 

IIpH TaKHXii ycjiOBiflX'B Heyj^HBHTejiBHO, HTO sajioGH H TpeGoBanifl 

CO CTOpOHH KpeCTBflHli CTaHOBHTOH BCO HBCTBeHHte, — H BCe HBCTOH- 

iHBte npHBJieKaioT^ Kb 066*6 Bceo6niee BHHHanie. Bi npesnee 

BpeMfl MOaCHO 6UJ0 rOBOpHTB KpeCTBflHCKOH nOJIHTHKt paSB* BT) TOMTb 

CMBicji'lb, qxo napTia i^oHTpa onapaJiacB HCRJiK)<iHTejQ[BHO Ha EpecTBan- 
cKia Maccu, HHTepecu KOTopBixi) h ^oJiHHa dujia OTCTaHsaTB b-b pefix- 
cTarb H jiaHATarax^. 3Ta napria $aKTHqecKH sHia mhjioctbh) KpecTB- 



♦) BaBapcKaa Mipa aeaiJiH HasHBaeTca Tagwerk (Tag— a^hb; Werk— a*Jio); 
1 reKTap'B--2,9 xarBepKaan.. 



78 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

aHCTsa. JlH6epafl03]rb ci aabhexi nopi ^epnan cboh ciuii hs^ 
HiApi> ropoAcsofl 6ypxya8iH; KOHcepBaTHBHaa napTifl <npeACTaBJuua> 
saBHOHMiifi OTB H6fl uaocb coucKoft npiicjryrn h oejibORHXi pa6o7Hrb, 
a co^iaJ['B•AeMORpaTk— 4»a6pH^Ho-8aBOACKOft npojierapiarB. H^eHTpise, 
onHpaacB Ha ceJiBCEoe HaoeieHie KaTOJra^ecRHX'L orpaH'B, BUAaerB 
«e6a no npeHvyn^ecTBy neqajtLHHKOirB KpecrBflHOTsa. Ho napjia- 
KeHTcsaa npaKTEsa aioft napxiH as^6ko ho oTBi^ajia Ti^m o6in^a- 
siiorB, Kasifl AflBaiHOB bi. nHjiy HsfinpaTejuBHoi arHTai(iB. Kas:B 
i!0iBX0 KOHmacB H86HpaTejB[BHaA ropaua h rocnoAa A^yraTii, BXaiH 
OTB rjiasii HapoAa, cTaH0BEJiHc> jihi^oki» ki jcskj cb BucrnHXH o^ 
paMH, TaKi TOTqacB sa^HHaiHCB xasii HasuB. Umf&Ue, t. e. npe^a- 

TOJIBCTBO HHTepeOOBl» HSfinpaTOJieft, HJIH ESBiCTHfift BB napJiaMeHTOKOITB 

HapiqiH — ^Euhhandel, t. e. ToprB h npo^asa rojiocoBi sa EaRiji-jiH6o 
ycTjuRH iipaBHTej[BCTBa vb jTOflj yj[BTpaM0HTaHE3Ma. dra npasTHEa 
npeAaTeiBCTBa ' nacymHiixB HHrepecoBB Hapo^a bb nojiBsy ycEiemfl 
BJiacTH EaTOu^ecKofl AepsBE oTKpiua, HasoHei^, rjiasa HsfiirpaTejiflirB, 
H Moryn^eoTBeHHaa HHHt napxifl Ha^HsaerB qysoTBOBaTB no^B 00601) 
K0j[e6aHie noqBU. nepBoaa^ajiBHO nojmTHqecsH 6e3yqacTHafl h cBoefi 
HenoABHSHocTBK) cjiryaKHBinafl TBepAoft onopoi rocnoACTByDnteMy no- 
pfl^Ky specTBflHCRafl Macca HauHaeiB lenepB saAyHUBaTBCfl h!^b 
CBOHMB nojEOsemeiTB, Ha;^ ero cbjisbx) cb Q6umwb xapaKxepoiTB rooy- 
AapcTBOHHEixB H ofiii^ecTBeHHBixB OTHomeHift, a laiuse h Ha^B riiTB, 
KaRB yofUHTB cBoe HenocpeACTBOHHoe BJiiflHie Ba zoab rocyAap* 

CTBeHHOfi SH8HH. CaMO O06OK) paSyilieTCA, ^0 RpeCTBflHe BB HOBOi 

AM HHXB ofiiacTs noiETHRH HO BcePAa nonaAax>rB sa BtpHys) ao- 
pory. HxB HesHaROHOTBOMB OB BeAeHieiTB ofin^ecTBeHHiixB a^ib, htb 
HeomiTHocTBD bb napriftHoiTB HCRyccTBi 8jioynoTpe6jU[K)TB ^aoxo hih 
i£0j[HTH^6CRie ^octojidSi^i, bu[h HXB cTapuo oneRyHU, cHOQofiHue Hy- 

CTHTB HBTJIB BB TJiasa RaRHlTB-HHSyAB MarHqeCRHHB OpOAGTBOlTB, BpOA^ 

npeoAOByraro njiana rpa^a KaHHii;a h t. n. drniTB ofiBflCHflercfl totb 
4)aRTB, ^TO npyocROMy «coi03y cexBCRHXB xosaeBBi yAaiocB 8a6pocHTB 

cboh CtTH A&3R0 BB CpOAy 6aBapCRHXB RpOCTBAHB H HOpOAHTB B'B HHX'B 

HJU[H)3iH, ROTopua mmB nocieneHHO ycrynaiOTB nicTo peaiBHEDTB 
trpeifJieHiflUB. 

EaBapcRifi RpecTBHHEHB nojn»3yeTCH penyraiiieft qeJcoBtoa, y ro- 
Toparo, HTO Ha8HBaeTCfl, cboh rojiOBa Ha njteqaxB, hjh, RaRB BBrpa- 
saDTCH fiaaapi^u, cBofi coCcTseHHufi qepeuB — 8ein eigener Sch&deL 
Bb npesHie roA^, ao t^xb nopB noRa «Ryj[BTypHaa 6opB6a» He 
HaBOAHHJia BasapiR) oco6aro copra nacTopaHH-noAcrpeRaTaiflMH, 8Atm- 

Hift RpeCTBflHEHB aSHJIB BB JiaAy CO CBOHMB ($aTK)niR0&, ROTOpufi, XOTB 

H HO fijiHciajiB nmpoRHHB o6pa30BaHieM^^ ho 8a to caMB Cojomek 

^aCTBD BBEXOAHJTB H8B HapOAa H OTUqaiCfl HSBtCTHUMB ABMORpaTH- 

^ecRHHB Ao6poAymieMB. Basapei^B merb, RorAa cjiAOBaio, bb i^ep* 
ROBB, BB CBOBXB HpasaxB 6fiU[B jui6epajieHB H OTB CBoero AyxoBHaro on^a 
jierRo nojiy^ajiB OTnyn^enie rpixoBB. npHcoeAHHOHie K'b HvnepiH, 
BU3BaBinee ROJiocajLBHiifi pocTB Rpynnaro RanHxaia^ HHAycTpiH, — 



EZ'b rSPBIAHIH. 79 

ISaBapcEOMj specTBAHnHy npiraecjio mmh oahi yfiiiTKH. TaMOseHBHS 
neperopo^KH, oxpaHiiBinifl ero saMKHyTHOCTB, nan, ycrofi^HBocTH BHyr- 
peHflflro pHHsa HacTyaHJix soHei^. B8aMiHi> Toro flBHjucflpaciiBtrB mh- 
jiHTapHSHa, Tpe6oBaBinifi otb Hapo^a ero ly^mie coke, HaiaraBmift na 
Hero Boe 6oAinifl tafocte. IIpyccKift jsjTb a&i^ ^6& ^yBOTBOBaib. 
BaBapcKoe npaBHreJiBCTBO, He omotph na coxpaHOHHUfl sa Basapieft 
cpesepBaTHHH iipaBa> (apMifl, nonra, seji'&dHiifl Aot>o.rH), ciajro 
npHoiyrnHBaTBCfl ri rojiocy BepiEHa. IIpoHHKHOBeHie 6e8Ayi|iHofi ($k)- 
jpoKpaTiH BO BfA c^epu ynpaBjiemH, EasapMeHHiift tohi h npyccEaa 
<pa8Bfl3H0CTb> oKpaoHjra HpaBU noflHipH H locTHi^ji, — TaKOBu 6wai 
<}j[Hsafiiiii6 pesyjiBTaTU fisarocJioBieHHaro eAnncTBa. Roj!;b hx^b Bjda- 
HleiTB y 6aBapcKaro napo^a CTaia pasBEBaTca nenpiaBHB ko BceMy, 
^To OT^aBajio npyccKoft rerenoHieft; 6aBapoKoe xpecTBflHCTBo, 6ojAq 
vbm RaEoft j[h6o jifijvoi KJiaccB, npoHHKHyro aHTHnpycosHifB, nap- 
THRyjflpHCTHqeCKUM'B xapaKTopoH'B. 

djreMeHTU j^a ABinseHifl 6ujui Tassu'L oGpasoirB Ha jiei^o. Bi 
oRpyraxi cb paBcWnmni specTBflHCKHMX HaoeiemeM'B GoAinafl ^aciB 
dTHX'b ajueiieHTOBi oo6paxacB yace okojio 8HaMeHn pa6oHefi napTin. Bi^ 
UHsnefi se BaBapin, c:b noAaBJUiDiiiHirB EaTOJUH^ecEHicB s specTB- 
flHcsHMi HacejieHieiTB, iphji^n^M yjiBTpaMOHTaHciBa Chjoi en^e laEi 
flpo^ooi, qro Tpe6oBajQ[CB aoohteh sirb HaapflseHHoft ny6jiHi^H0TE?e- 
/CEoft H arHTaipoHHoi pa6oT£i, Tro-6H cos^aTB opraHHSOBaHHoe h 
oaMocTOflTejcBHoe EpecTBOHCEoe ABHseHie. dra pa6oTa Jierjia ho^th 
Boe^&io Ha HSBicTHaro uwA AonyiaTa otb Banapin bx pefixciart h 
H3AaTejui- pe^aETopa nedojiBmoft raseiEi cBaBapcsoe OTe^eoTBO». 
(Bayeriches Vaterland)— A-pa Shtih. 7cTaH0BHBinaflCH aaHHH^b sjorasa 
«npyccotASk9 (Pressenfresser) vb cymHOCTH ne HO^epoHBaeirB xapaE- 
TepHCTHEH 8Toro BO MHorHXi OTHomeHiflXB saiiiqaTejiBHaro ^eiOB^^sa. 
Kto cjoimajTB ero piu vb pefixorarfc h Ha cofipaHiax'B, eto ^STaji'b 
ero rasery, — fl;jia. Toro hcho, ^to oh'b HifierB jsjbjio crb op.HrHHaiBHofi 

JLHHHOCTBH), Bli SOTOpOft toEl^ B'B $OSy(A OEOHI^eHTpHpOBaJIHCB B(A 

oco6eHH00TH ero poptoro Hapo^a h EoropHft ho APornyjrB 6u cjioshtb 
rojKOBy sa oboh y6&KAeHifl, sasi bto h rposHJio eify B'B anoxy ^paHEO- 
npyccEofi BoftHH aa ero <cenapaTHCTcsiH OTpevjieHifl». CaiTB po^oirB 
u^'b HnsHefi BaBapiH,* ohi, EaEi* hheto Jiy^jne, snaix bocb Mopajn>- 

HUfi H AyXOBEBEi CEiaA^ CBOEXl SOHJIHSOBli, C006pa8H0 CB EOTOpiUfB 

H soBajTB OBOH arHTai^oHHUfl crpijni. flsusoirB, He ociaBJiflBinHM^b 
HHHero Coshme sejiaTB no qacxH piBEOCTH h ocrpoyidfl, CBoefi BHp- 
TyoBHoi, a nOA?aci> h o^ohb sypBesHoft Jiornxofi, oh'b Tas'B jobso 
npHcnocoSifljiGfl e% xo^y EpeoTBAHCEOft micjifl, vro jifime vojsja noA- 
paA'B oHi 6ujrB HesairbHHMBEM'B n o6oroTBopfleMHirB opaTopoM'B 
HHSHefiaBapcEaro EpecTBflHCTBa. S^icB neyoraHHo cjoimeH'L hus.'h ero 
rojioci npoTHB'B naxpiOTOBi napilH i^enrpa, npoxHB'B e^HHoft Hime- 
piH, npoTHBX npycciH^ ($DpoEpaTin h HHJiHTapHSHa. ^epeBOHCEoe Ay- 
xoBOHCTBo cxaparo noEpoH noAA^psHBaio ero cbohitb corpyAHH^ecTBOifB 
B'B <BaBapcEoirB OieqecTBi^*, cBoefl arETa^iefi B'B nojiBsy pacnpocx- 



80 PyCCSOB BOrATGTBO. 

paHOHifl ero raseTU wb HapoA'% h up. Ecih' xaKHMi ofipasoM'b b'i> 
HHSHefi BaBapiB, paHBine ^iirb vjsj^ 6£i to he Ckuo, KpecTBAHe craiH 
TicHO cmotaHRBaTBCfl ;qpyn> oi ApyroHi h Ha cBoft crpaxx A^^axB^ 
«co6cTBeHHjio nojiHTHKyi, TO BTo ocTb HO npoHMymecTBy aaojiyra 
A-pa Snrju, ero HefisKHOBeHHOft b% CBoeMi pofft rasoTHOfl b ycTHofi 
arflTaipn. 

KpecTBflHCRoe ^BHseHie B'b CTporoMii CMKCjii cioBa Ha^aiocK 
coficTBOHHO wh Ha^ait 1893 ro^a, cuiAOBaTeJiBHO noTTH OAHOBpeMOHHo 
0% BosHHRHOBeHieiTB arpapHaro ^BHseHifl npyccRHxi DHKepoB'B h ck 
noiniTRaiiH areHxoB'B «coK)3a cesbezETh xo3fleB'L> sepSoBaTb jiflB ce6H 
CTOpoHHRROBii Bi DSHofl FepiiaHiH. Bi^ MapTi 1893 roxa 6ujlo co3fiaHO bi> 
HHSHeSasapcROirL ropo^Ri CTpay6HHr& cofipaHie cexBCRHX'L xosaeBii on* 
HiceHH npycoRaro €C0K)3a>. P:bqB flBnBmarocfl opaTopa, xoth h Bcipt^e- 
Ha CiiiJia CB 6osbmBWh o;^o6peHie]ii, ho BonpocB o npHooejitiHeHiH r'b 
ccoDsy cejfiBCRHX'B xosflOBi)) 6ujLii paapimeni oTpHi^axejiBHo. TeHj^en- 

iqfl 60JIBmHHCTBa CRJIOHflJKaCB Kl* TOMy, ^T06H ho npHCOeAHHHTBCfl 
OTHBIHt HH Kh RaROfi E3T> CVn^eCTByiOII^HXl HOJlETH^eCRHX'B HapTlfi, a 
OCHOBaTB CaHOCTOflTeiBHHfi «HBSHe6aBapCRilt RpeCTBflHGRifiC0]03^>. Ha 

nepBBixi se ;^Byx'B-Tpex'B xpecTBflHCRHXi* co6paHiflxx, cjiiAOBaBniHX'B 
OAHO 3a jq)yrfrM'B, c% dJieiieHTapHoft chjioh npopsaJicfl HaRonjieHHutt 
npoTecrB npoTHBi» TpaAHipoHHUXB (|)pa3i BCHRaro po^a fiiaroAtTeJuei a 
yrtniHTejiefi. Oahhi hsi naBHux'B TenepeniHHxx RpecTBSHCRnx'B bohul- 
Viowh, cejiBCRiti xosHHFB BHJiaHji;^ 8aflBJ[flj['B Tor^a: cHtTB, nycRaM roc no- 
jiRWb npejuaTB ho nuTaoTCH nycRaxB HaHi nuiB b-b nasa h pa3CRa3UBaTB 
pa3HUH CRasRH... HoBaa BMnepcRafl nojiBTHRaAa rH6Rafl cob^ctb napxiH 
i^OHTpa, Aa ToproBHO floroBopH, fla no^aTHHtf TarocTH,— botb ^to 
BHHOft B'B Hameft RpecTBHHCROft Hys;(i. FocnoAHH'B npejiarB paacRa- 
3HBaerB CTapHH HCTopiH npo to, ^o peJiHria b-b onacHocTH. He- 
npaBj^al.. KpecTBane no npeaRHeny floCpHO RaxojTHRH. Jpyroe ffljo — 
cymecTBOBame naine b^ onaoHocTH, noiOMy ^to sa naci hhrto ny- 
TeifB sacTynETBCfl ho xo^btb. Jla^HO, mi na 6yAyii^ee Bpeiffl cT^neifB 
BH6npaTB jiioAefi, ROTopiie no HHOHy aarosopflTB. Hama napxia ot- 
HUHi <RpecTBflHCRifi coDsit^. He Ha^o naiTB bt* AenyraTs hh rpa-* 
$OBX, BH qHHOBHHROBi, HH npo^occopoBB; HaniH A^nyTaTU RpeCTBB- 
He. OxHHHi HamB jnosynrB: caMOcoxpaneHie h eAHHeHieI» 

TyrB cjryqHJica AenyTaxB jaHAaxara n nHxaaca bshtb hoaTj cboh> 
3an^HTy napTiio i^OHTpa. «Cb 6oj[bk) B'B cepAi]^ 3aRj[HHaio a BacB: 
ocTaBBie CBOH) noJHTHRy. BcaKin AonyTaTB AOJiaeB-B npHHaAJeacaTB 
Ri RaRofi-naoYAB napxiH, HHa^e oh-b ho sHaexB, nno eny a*JI^tb h o 
^eM^ HAexx piqBlv... 

— IleHxp^ — 3X0 jrynmaa napxia! — npoAOiaaexi* AonyTax^. 

— He jry^maal — cjiBiniHxca cHOBa rojocB hs^b coSpania — a ca- 
Maa py^Haa, noxony ixo icx^ npaMO ^chs-b pyRH> npyccRaro npaBH- 
xejiBCXBa... BaBapi^aMH xoxHtfi> mh 6uxbI 

— H nponiy BacTi yRa3axB xt'cjiyqaH, RorAa nienxpi ho hchoji- 
HHJTB cBoero AOJra... 



H31> rEPMAHIH. 81 

— • BooHHue sasoHonpoeKTu, nofijcassH MEHzcrpavB^ ToproBsie 
AoroBopu!.. 

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— A BU (VL BHKH sa OAHO roiocoBajiB!— cjEuniHTCfl Heytfojuuisdl 
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n^aa $paKi](iis KpecTbOHCKaro coK)8a> — npH6aBHrB owb. <A to B3flTb 6u 
xoTB Hamero KpecTBflHCKaro npej^cTaBHTeifl rpa^a IIpaftBflHra: owb 
sa Bce ^0 yroAHO rojioooBaxB, toilro h6 aa to, ^o Ham seia- 
TejtBHo. HiTB, CTb BTHMH rpa^aMH, OapoHaxE A& npo^ecoopavH Maio 
TOjiKy: OHH He jifi^mrb ciOBa h bcooaho'ito b^tpahhuh mojebheipii. 

no npHBeAeHHHHi fb bthxii xiaiorazii o6pa3i^airE mosho nojy* 
qHTb npeACTaBJEOHie o toitb ao rpy6ocTH ptmHTOJiBHOirB TOni, Kasoi 
i^apHJ['& Ha KpeoTBHHOKEX'B co6paHiazx. B:b btoki se Tont npo^oisa- 
jiaoB HeyTOMHMaa arHxaipH, oxBatHBinaa bbcb HHacHe6aBapcKiS ospyn 
KopoABBCTBa. IlepBOHaqajiBHo ABHxeme ne hm^io nponnoS nporpaii- 
Mu. Bo Bcizi co6paHiHX'B (k)pB6a npoTEB'B i^oHTpa BOJiaoB cb Ta- 
KHiTB osecToqemeiTB, qxo qiiTB AaiBme, t^itb boo pise cTaiH nosa- 
BUBaTBCfl Ha apevfc KpeoTBHHCKoft ananai^H b^ kohoi^'b aaiiyraHHne 
cTOpHue 6paTBfl>. Bo nasi ABHSOHifl yse cb caicaro Ha^aia exam 
BHjiaH;i;i> a& en^e npoBHHii,iaJ[BHuft spa^cB I^X'b, He ycrynaBmift cBoeft 
P'bsBocTBK) uiponAwb aTHTaTopaiTB <KpecTBaHCBaro ooiosai. 

BaBapiH naxoAHiaoB HaKanyH^ BiifiopoBi bi CaBaposifi JiaHji^arB. 
noBCDAy niJiH npHFOTOBJieHiA, sasi BHesanno npnnua b^gtb o pacny- 
n^eHlH pefixorara, nooriAOBaBmeiTB vb Mai 1893 roj^a hbi sa booh- 
Haro saEOHonpoeBxa. E^Ba oiosHBmifioH cKpecrBflHCRifl ood3i» bu- 
HysAOffB 61111 TasHJTB otfpasoiTB pHHyTBCfl B'B HsSHpaTejiBHyi) 6opB6y 
Ha ;^Ba ^ponra... Bo bcAtl mecrn H36HpaTeJiBHUx'B OKpyraxx Hh8< 
Hefi BaBapiH oodb'b BLioraBHiii no KaHWtaTy h HsfinpaTejiBHoirB 
BossBaniH ^opvyjinpoBarB o6nuft xapasrepi qbohxx crpeiueHii. 

Bi Ay si 8Toro B033BaHUi no Bceft HnaKHefi BaBapiH saropiiaoB 
eii^e HeciHxaHHafl ao Toro arnraipoHHafl pa6oTa. ^-p'B Shtjib, xoth h 

He COBCim OXOAHIOfl Cl> cKpeOTBHHCSHUX C0D3airB»^ fiUJTB O^HaKO, Vb 

BHAy 6ro sacxyrB h nonyjuipHOCTH, BUCTaBJieffB bx ^rcjA EpeoTBHH* 

CKHXl SaHAH^aTOB'B. IIpH HOpBOlTB J/iB HaXHGEi, 15 ijDHfl 1893 FO^a, 

TpH RanjiiHAaTa hsi mecTH, fb tohi ^moA h ^-pi* Shfib, npomiB 
B'B peflxorarB. B-b oahhx'b HHSHe6aBapoBHX'B ospyraxi specTBHHCKie 
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Hinfi o6pa30]rB noTepfljn i^enip'B h KOTopue ^jui e^Ba c^opiiHpo- 
BasmarocH consa osna^aiH rpoMa^Hiift ycntxi. 9to 61110 xopomee 
npeASHaHenoBaHie^ js^a. npe^^oroHBniHX'B bk6opob'b bx xaHj^tarB. BcKopi , 
nocxi HMiiepcKHX'B BH6opoBi, 23 iDHH 1893 roAa, 6ujlo cJSBano bi> 
HSBicTHuft yse naiTB CTpay6HHrB co6paHie KpeTTEHHi h Min^anx, 
^to6k[ ycTanoBHTB cBoe noBeAenie npn Biidopax'B h B£ipa6oTaTB bos- 

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nepe^iHCAflTB sa^gb bc& 15 naparpa^oBi nporpaMioi, omiTsr jikhib 
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noAoxoAHoi noAaTH; nepe^a^H vb pysH rocyAapcTBa imoTe^Haro BpeAnra, 
orpaxoBanifl CKOTa h ABHSHMOCiefi; nepecvoxpa JiioHiixi daKOsoBi^ 
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pyKH rooyAapcTfia HapoAHUX'B m&orb vb niiikTb ofiierqeHui TflrocxeS 
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H CEOTOBOAOBl H T. n. Kt> 8T0My npSCOeAHHOIHOB 60^6 HtSOTOpiUI 

Tpe6oBaHifl o6ii^aro nojiHTH^ecEaro xapaEiepa. 

Bi> iDJit 1893 roAa fisuiH Ha3HaqeHH BH6opn Bii 6aBapcsifi jiaHA- 
larL. BooeMB EaHAHAatOBi <EpecTBflHOEaro co]D3a> Busua no6iAO- 

HOCHO £31* 6opB6il, HO Bit OAHOHl H3'B EHXl E36HpaT6JUI JlflMXEU 

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IleHH'B, EOTOpufi BO BpOMfl BU6opOB'B COBepmeHHO OTSaSHBaiCfl OTB 

naprin ii;eHTpa, a Easi to2leo nonajix b'b napj[axeHrb, Tor^acB se 
npHcoeAHHHjicfl k% net sa yoiOBiax'B noJiHonpaBHaro uena. ?to 
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000601111 HapoAHoiTB co6paHiH. 9totl ojiyqaft He 6iurB, Biipo^eirB, 

eABHCTBOHHUirb. 

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tfaBapcsoifB jiaHATarl h repMaHOEOMi pefixciarfi HenocpeAOTBeHHue 
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ocTaeiCH no cie BpeMfl HESHe-6aBapcRifi ORpyra. 8to o6i>ACHfl0TOE 
TfciTB, TTO 8T0TB ORpyFB cocTaBjrHBTB i^eHTpi GaBapcRaro cejn>cRaro 

XOSEfiCTBa BTb T&CHOITB CMUCJti CIOBa. B^B BepXHOl BaBapiH HOAOBOIB- 

eTBo EacejieHiH ne MOH'i^e ohjebho, ho ero npEHHHOft cjiysaTB ho ctoibro 

HH3Rifl I^iHH Ha ZjA&b, CROJIBRO CnOI^laJlBHO Jl,JSa rOpHilXB RpeCTBHHl 

"^CTBETejiBHoe H RpallHe sacrapiioe saROHOAaTOjiBCTBO no licoBOAOTBy, 

OXOrb E T. H. CaHO C060D pa3yMieTCfl, ^TO BB BTOKB HOAOBOJIBCTBt 

HrpanrB poiB h 6ojiie oSm^ifl npE^HHii, RaRi ]uurETapH3KB, noAaTHua 
TflrooTH, OBoeRopuoTHafl HOAHTERa HaptiH i^enrpa h t. n. Otb jh'^ghuxb 
BaROHOB'B 1852 roAaropHue RpecTBflHe TepnarB bbcboexb Hacym^Hift- 
niEXB norpedHocTflX'B, RaROBU npaBo nacTB6H ORora, noiB30BaHiH APo- 
BaME. Cb APyi^ft cTopoHH 3aR0H'B o&b oxotI OTB 1850 roAa BUdiiBan 
TopBRifl saio6N, noTOMy mo ohb oxpaHEix wvib bb HHrepeoaxB 6apcRoft 
oxoTU E B'B TaREXB pa3MipaxB, ROTopne npflMo 20SEJ1ECB 6peMeHeMB 
sa RpecTBflSB, He HOJiyHaBniEXB 3a to HHKaRoro B03HarpasAeHiH. ^- 

TaTeU^ 6BITB MOSeTB, npEHOMEflTB OnECaHHyiD MHOD, CB roAB TOHy Ha- 

•aaAB, RpecTBHHCRyD AP&My, pasHrpaBmynca bb ropnot AepeBymRt 



86 P7GCE0E BOrATGTBO. 

$yxeMHj[B E cJTjrsaniyD AOcraTOHspfi EJi£DOTpan;ieft poKOBoro npoTZBO^ 
pl^fl EpeoTBflHCKEX'L H rocflOAOEHXi HHiepeooB'B Bi aTOiTB spat... 
HaoTbD noA'B CBisHifB Bne^aTi'i^HieMi TaEHXi* Hcropifi, ^acTBio ze 
noA^ BiiflHieiTL ABHsenifl bi EBSHea BaBapin, Ha^aJiocL b% tomi s& 
1693 roAj 6poseHi6 h bi» ropHOft BaBapin. KaKi> bto he CTpasEO^ eo- 
E 3;t'&0B AiHiexhEhurb opraEEsaiopoM^ e EEEi^iaTopoMi tuji'b eAjsx& 
fl-pi KaeftTBepi. 9to yae qeiBepTHfi no c^eiy aoktop'b. Oabo Bpema. 
TaKi TaKE E roBopEJiE Bauernbunddoktoren, npE^eiTB ope^E btex'b 
AOKTopoBi KpecTBascKaro coDsa 6iiULE npeACTaaieEiu Bci say^Bua 
KaieropiH: ^-p*^ npaBt Setab, A-pi» leoJioriE Pai^rErepx, A-pt Me^E- 
^EEH[ TdX'B E saKOflei^» sami sobue 3EaK0Mufi ji,'pT> ^aiooo^iE RseftT- 
Hep'B. HaMi* Ayuaexcff, ^to ropsHHii RpecTBaEaMi Bcixt jiyqine no^ 
c^acTJiEBEJiocB sa im&rb AOKTopa, BKnaBmaro Ba Exnb jsfiZD. SI otou- 
syjicfl ci SEH'B sa oo6pafliE <Bepxse-6aBapcsaro ooDsa KpecTBflHi>, 
KOTopoH'B ynoMEEyn Bume. Stotb coiDst o6a3asi> cBOflHi> boseek- 
EOBesieirB naBSBnrB o6pa30H'L ;^-py KiefliEepy. CoK)3:b Ea^ajEca cb 
meuh HajieEBRExi pasutpoB^ cneAiaiBEaro coiosa jofJ^CEUxi* KpeciBflE'L 
(Waldbauernbund), darbMi, noAi smEieMi BH6opEofi arETaii;iE bi 
peftxGTarB e jiasATarB, paspocoE ao «BepxEe-6aBapcsaro KpeoTLSECKaro 
ooiosai BooSn^e. Ha nepBHXi> ase'nopaxi 6HiL0 sAiosnoAaEo saEpecTb- 
flsoRaro EasAEAaxa 8857 rojocoBi e^t> o6ni.aro wojia 83,846 rojLOcovhy 
noAasBHX'L sa RpeoTBflscKEX'B KasAEAaiOB'B bo Bo:kxi> bocbee ospyrax'B 
6aBapcKaro sopoJueBOTBa. 

Kor^a E paflEEHi lAtowb 9Toro ro^a BnepBue jkeihom'b ki AEii^y 

OTOlKEyjCA ei A'^flTeJIfiHE CODSa ropEUX'B EpeCTBEE'B, TO 8T0rB CODSl 

XocTflrb yse npoqsofi e AOBOj[BEo]HEoroHuiojieflEOft opraEE3ai^E. Oscb^ 
npaBAa, no ^ecioeeoote ycxynajL^ sEasEe-fiaBapcEOMy consy, eo eicy. 
CesycjoBEo npBEaAieauuEo EAoiEoe opeofijaAaEie e onpeA^JieEEocTB 
OTpeMieflift. 

ns'b MK)sxeEa oeetb EenojEUxi Asa ^aca ^sah, so vb npoTE- 
Bonojoassoui otl $pefi3EEra EanpaBJsesiE. Codpasie AOJEeraTOBi Guio 
sasEa^eEo bi. MaieEBEOMi^ eo sEBonECEOM'B PoseEreftK']^, jiesan^eM^ 
no^TE y canaro noAEOsifl CaBapcEEXT* AjiBni. IIoisAi npo6ira6TL no 
npeEpacEUMi AOJiEEaM'b, pasot^esEUH'B npeBOCxoAEUME mocceiEUME 
AoporauE s yciflEfluirb oaeoabopeuhe xyTopauE, — btemi rocnoA- 
OTByioniEM'B SA^cB TEnoHi EpecTBEECEaro pascejiesiE. MEEiaTiopEufi. 
Po36EreEHi» BeoB yTonaers vb seienE e Bib BEAy rpoKaAEUx'B ropniccB 
Bucorb Easercfl toieo cnjomEHifB caAOiCB. JI^jEEEaE ajuen boaotb 
El rjiaBEofi i^epEOBEofi njiom^aAE, Ea EOTopoft tojieetce npE6HBaiitt 
m% passuxi eoei^ob'b EapoAi>, ^to6b[ vb cbo6oaho6 BocEpecoEBo coe- 
AEEETB npiflTEoe CB noieasBuii. He b'b npEMipi ^pefisBEry, saoi 
oxBaiHBaeT'B sa^cb CBoeo6pa8Eaa AepeBeECEaa axMoc^epa. HapoA^ 
Bce EacTOan^in EpecTBaacEifi, hosoabeue. Be^oto nEAsasoBx — 
noAJiEEEHlt EpeoTBaECEi^ EapaA'By xote E6JiB3a cEasaTB, ^o6h ysi 
o^OEB yAo6EHft: canorn sa bkcoeexi* ao EpafiaocTE oi»ysEBaDnpxcfl 
noA^opaxi, rojDieEE^E CyTuiEaME ao xoro ysEEiiE, ^to cnpaniEBaeniB.. 



urn* rEPMAHIH. 87 

cete, EaKi OHft BOo6me siisaioni Ha flory. BpDKs laRse o^en 
ysKie. HaKOHei^i TSKaa se ysKaa n EopoTKaa Kypma, yoHan^eHHaa 
GesKOffe^iHiiirb KOJui^eGTBoirB rpOMa^i^Haro pi&SHipa MeiaiJurieoKHX'b h 
EOCTflHHX'B nyroBHi^*. Ha roioBi ropsaa mjuma; ooBopmeHHO fipHxaa 
^HdioHOMifl H B^ 3y6arB HOHSMiHHafl TpyfiKa. 

cGrtLp Gott!» 3;(paBCTBy&! jaD6e8HO h 6ewb noAofiocrpacTUi BCTpi- 
HBxyrb MeHJi BpeoTBflECKifl rpynnu, HesAT kotophmh sl npofiHpaDOB... 
tJifiS-XEo — ^ezoB^Js^ OTB ra36TZi>, cjiiimy a nosaAH oefia... 

Bi rpoKaAHuS san HicTHaro pecropana oo6paiooB jifi 150 HQxe- 
raTOBi pasia^raBEX'B ceKi^ifl ropsofi o6iacTH. Pacnopa^BreJiBHHft ko- 
MHTeTB uByerb, tto laRi KHOro Hapo^y oxKiEBHyiooB Ha ero bobi. 
H Ha ui^axi caMHrB j^oJieraTOBL saifbiHo BBipaseHie ropxaro aoboa- 
CTBa« nporpaMMa crbisAa cocxoua hbt* npeAoGiA^HHaro ooGpaHiH oa- 
HHxi ;](ej[eraTOBrb, Kb KOiopoMj 6IUH Aonyn^enH h npeAoraBHreiH 
npeccu, h bo-btophxi> — hsi nociio6iMieHHaro ny6iiH^flaro cofipamfl, 
Vb KOTOpOMl JIOFB iipnoyTCTBOBaTB Ka^R'tuft. 

BepxHe-6aBapcsie KpeoTBAHO ci» caMaio na^ajia OTaiH bi. p'tesyn 
onnosHQijK) kt> HHSHe-6aBapcKoiry RpecTBaHCBOiry ABHseHiD noAi» pyso- 
boactboitl TDHreHa, noiOHy ^o He 6ez'b ocHOBank noAOspteaiH vh 
TDHreni sejtanie nepeTHHyxB Bce ABHSOHie Vb pycAo npycoBaro dh- 
KepoTBa. 9th pasHoriacia ne HCEAio^ajiH OAHaKO uHorHXi o6niEX'B 
nyHKTOBi, xoTH ci Apyi^fi cTopoHu nporpaMMa BepxHedanapi^eBi nua 
iiHoro As^^ine. OHa He orpaHH^BaxacB oahhmh 9kohomh^6ckhme Tpe- 
6oBaHuiHH, a saKinqaia vb oe&b h pfl^B cairaxi acHBOTpenentynpirb 
, Tpe6oBaHiS nomfi^eoEHXi. fl ne roBopD yse o xapaBTepHoirL jisa 
KpeoTBflVB noA^epKHBaniH caMocTOflTeJiBHocTE EaBapiH npoTHBi €Boe 
B08o6HOBJUieifHX'B BTopaseHii npyccKHxii npeTOHsifii; ofii* ycHJieHiH 
KpecTKHHOKaro BUHHiH wb HapoAHoiTB npeAcxaBHTexBOTBi H Bi Bonpo- 
caxi BHyTpeHHeft h BHimHefi nojniTHKH. nporpaioia Tpe6yerB jifisie 
ooxpaHeHiH MHpa bt* ofiiacTH pemriosHofi h npoTHBOA'i^ftcTBiH rocyxap- 
cTBeHHOfi onesi h BMimaTejaciBy bi A&poBaHHyD KOHCTHTyi^eft Bnyx- 
peHHiDD H BHimHX)D OBoSo^y HCHOBlA&Hii. Ofla Tpe6yerB BBeAOHia 
B06o6n^aro HsCHpaiejiBHaro npana a'a bk6opob'b B'b jiaHArarB h pfia. 
MicTHaro caiioynpaBJieHifl; nojoorbfimefi obo6oa£I codsobi, cofipanift h 
opraHHsai^ft jifia B&kL'b rpa^i^an'B Gesi pasAH^ noia h t. a- 

CoGpanie AdieraTOB'B 6ujlo nocBfln^eHo nepecnoTpy nporpaiaiH, 
ycnixauib a^HTa^iH h opraHHsai^m, BuacHeHiH) oTHomemfi coDsa k'b 
padJiH^HuirB naprifliTB h ki specTBflHosoMy ABHseHuo Boo6Hie. C!o6pa- 
Hie Biri^jio ocHOBame 6htb AOBOJiBHiorB AOCTHrHyxioiH sa nocjrbAHit 
roA'B pesyjiBTaxaMH. C!oh>31 ospbrB, paspocos. Hh Ofljswb 6ojAe hjih 
MOHie HaoejeHHtift ropHsi nyHETB ne ocrajicfl ne s^vd^TUHi* arnraitiOH- 
Hofi pa6oToi. UoBoiojij, r^t HeAOcraTomo 6julo mActhux'b ohtb, m 
roTOBHOCTBD uoflBJuuoH A-pi> KjieftTHepi), y KOToparo h b% caMoifB Mdh- 
xeni fiujuo khofo pafioTH no ropoAOKOify caMoynpaBjemx). Kieftrnepi, 
noBHAHMoiiy, 6ojii>nioft mfiHirem kpsctbahl: y nero HifiDTCH na to h 
Heo6xoAHMUfl AaHHHH. Ohb qeioB^K'B ope^HHX'B jri^rb, Kpinsift, buho- 



88 PyCCKOE BOrATOTBO. 

oiHBuft. SBy^Hafl ^orafl pi^, oi 62e(rncaMH DMopa h ocTpoyHia, npHEo- 
BHBaeTB BHHMaHie cjiymaTejiefl. FjiaBHoe ace npeHHyiii^eGTBo — HCKpeHHee 
aeiaHie 6uTBnoje3H£urL ABHsemD, ciysHTb HcroiKOBaTeieMii, coBii^H- 
KoiTB, Tfljb caMaKpecT&flHGRaa]fH(un»HeH0seTBpa806paTBca... «Hxoqy 
6uTb BaBiEifB sysHei^oirB, opyseftHUirB MacTepoMi — Waffenschinied», 
?HCTocepAe?HO saflBiaeTB ohi* Go6paHii)... «fl ho AO^HBaiooB otb BacB 
AenyTaTOKaro MaHAaTa, ejle sasHxii jih6o jipjTwrb no^ecTeft. fl He 
xo^ 6htb nmmKoft B'b paonopaAHrejsLHOM'B EOMETeii Goi03a.*fl npo- 
CTOfi ^JLevb coDsa, ho xaK'L qeJioB'iR'B, KOTopoMy noo^acTJiHBHJiocB no- 
sy^BTh o6pa8dBaHi6, a xony cjysHTB Hani mohmh SHaniaifH, xo'iy 
6htb BaniEJfB opyxefiHSiHi HacTepoiTB, yTo6u EOsaxB BairB AyxoBHoe 
H Hay woe opysie, Heo6xoAHHoe a^ Bameft 6opB6u...», 3Ty poiB na* 
y^iHaro HCToiEOBaTejiH a-P*^ KjieflTHepii EHnojuaeTB oi A'bttoTBHxejBHO 
noxBajTBHUMi pBOHiewB. To, ^ro owb npeA^osurB BHHMaHiD oBoeft 
EpecTBflHCsoS ayAHTopiH bi* oaho tojtbso 8T0, ooiaBmeecH ^a MOHfl 

AOOTOnaMflTHUH'B BOCSpeOeHBO, COCTaBJIflJO IS^JLJB) BHI^SIOaeAiE) HCTO- 

pHqecKHxi, noiHTHHeoKHX'B H DSOHOMH^ecKHxi 3HaEiS. KaxAHA § npo- 
rpauMH, EasAufl nyHSTB pasHorjtacift ci jipjrmm nporpaMicaHH h 
napiiflHE HaxoAHJiH wb ero piiH (Bipnie: pl^ax^i TaEi Eas'B ohi wh 
npoiiesyroEii BpeMeHH oni 10 ^aooB^ yrpa e ao 6 qaooBi Be^epacB 
HacoBSHi> o6iAeHHHH'B nepepBTOOiTB roBopHJTB ABa pasa no 2Vt naca 
H spoiii Toro y^acTBOBajTB wb AoGaTaxi)— TaEoe TonoBoe h iraoro- 
oTopoHHee o6ocHOBaHie, Easoe pi^AKO Botpi^aenZB wb ssapy noJiH- 
TH^eoEOi 6opB6u napiifi. 

HeooMHiHHoe HnrejiesTyajiiBHoe npoBOOxoACTBo Rieftraepa, Ciaro- • 

ASpa A'i^flCTBHTeJIBHOfi ^HCTOli OFO no6y3KA6Hift H ^e3BH«iH0 yMHOft 
TaSTEEi, HO SaCIOHfllO OaifOCTOflTeJEBHOft HHAHBHAyaiBHOOTH npHEOCEO- 

BeHHofi £1 ooK)3y Haccu EpecTBflHCTBa. Owb (ybjmirb EafiTH vb SToft 
caMofi Maoci JO[K)Aefi, soTopne bshjih na eefia fijiHsafiniee BeAonie a^'b 
H fijHsafimee pysoBOAOTBo ABEseHieMTi. Tb THnn^eoBifl qepTBi, eo- 
TopHfl npHnncuBaDTCH ofiHEHOBenHO xapasTepy ropHHXii SHreaefi, 
OBoScTBeHHH H ropHUHT* specTBHHaiTB BaBapiH. OiToro neasAy 
HHMH J6r?e 61UO HaiTH noAxoAsn^HX'B pysoBOAHTeJieft o'b npn- 
poAHUHE yHCTBOHHUMH AapoBaHiflKz H TBepAEOTB HesaBHCHMuirB xk- 
pasiepoMi. TaEHVB ^ejiOBiEOMi npeAoraBEJiGH nni npexA® Bce- 
ro nepBBifi npesHAeHTB BepxHe(SaBaposaro EpeoTBOHcsaro coK)3a 
EpecTBBHEE'B dftseflCeprepi, eni^e MOjioAofi, BneprH^EHft h yMHuft 
MyasHE'B. CoK)3y rposuo noTepoTB 8Toro A'^saro cBoero Bosasa, 
TaE'B Eas'B 8fi3eH6eprepi nooii ipex-B xbrb ynopnoft pafiora xot^ii 

OAaiB pyEOBOAHTOJIBCTBO B'B ^BH JIH6o ApyriH pySH. 3t0 BUSBaiO 

(SojiBmyD xpeBOry. Co Boixi OTopoHi CTam npooHTB ero ociaTBoa h 
BHpeAB Ha CBoeMi nocxy... cGodsi ho mosctb pascTaiBOH ci dftses- 
6eprepo]rB, eiiy nyseHx 8toti (M^e^itjMMii '^ejiOBis'Bi — ciumajiHOB na- 
MeRH Ha nepnyio, seoiisHyK) noioBHHy ero ^aHziiH... Owb ohobhaho 
He lysaBHJTB; y nero Cwm noBEAHMOMy caiiue cepBedHue mothbh 
dosHTB (TB oe6fl Ha BpoMfl o6y8y ofim^ecTBeHHaro cjiyseHifl. IIodTOMy 



HB'B rBPHAHIH. 89 

ojiiAJioiQit ero AOW>Kh npoHSBeii Ha iceHfl Bne^ararlHie hIoboibko 
HaHBHoK, Ha H ooBepmeHHo HospeHHefi npasxH. 

cGjiyinaiTe, EpecT&flHe!» — saaBHjrb ohi» nocjrb Aoiraro ynopoTBa 
BOsdyi^eHBHiTB, HO pimHTeABHiorb tohoitb: cbu Boi snaere, ito bi 
noojiiAHie ro^H h pa6oTaa'B ho noui^aa pjKi. Mni xorbioob ynpo- 
?iiTb name js/tao h npzBieHB Ki neny Bce nanie HaceJieHie. JI o&b- 
issan BOD ropHjK) ofiiaoTB h He ocraBEiii 668t» BHSMaHui he oahofo 
xyropa, r^t 6u ne pasiHOHai'B Hamy nporpaifMj, rxi 6h ho sacraB- 
jiHJTB ^HiaTB Hamn raseTH. MhI ne saiB noTpaieHHaro BpeiieHH. Ho 

KWk npHXOAHJOCL TO H gklO OTJiy^aTBOfl HBli AOtfy H 0TB TOrO HpO- 

HBomjo pascTpo&cTBo FB MOHxi co6cTBeHHurB ;^arB. Majio Toro: a 
Ha name 060(66 KpecTBHHCKoe jsjbzo norparajTB oBHme 200 Mapos'B 
JsnMHTb AeH6rB. BojotBme KanBTaia y mohh wkrby a noToicy pinra- 
TexBHO BaM'B roBopx): a ocraHyoB Ha nocry OBoeirb jnimB b% tomi 
oiyiai, eoAH unt BopoTHTB noTpa^eHHiu mhod x^HBrH. Umbmb a. He 
cnpaBJDocB 00 CBOHMB oo6cTBeHHUHB xoBflficTBoiTB. H 6^6 ciymaftie, 
KpeeTBHHe: a ocTaDCB na btoitb nocry na Bpeua, ^to6u a&tb a Apy- 
rmrB bobhoshoctb noxBHBaTBoa na OTBiTCTBeHHOil aoabhooth. UoojA 
BToro a orany ofiHKHOBeHHuirB haohoitb coDsa h noKasy, ^to bi^ 
BTOifi HveHHo xa^^ecTBt oAffjevb npesA^ Bcero 6utb aKKypaTHmrB 

Vb CBOeiTB AOMt H HpeAaHHUlTB OBOBHy CODBy. Ri cosailHiD, 

HaniH KpecTBane vh btoitb OTHomeHiH enie iraoraro ooraBiasTB se- 

Caao co(SoD paByxieToa, hto ooCpanie eAHHOAymno o6i^aio bh- 
nojDiHTB yoxoBia 9ftB6H6eprepa. Korxa BTOn nynETB Cbutb Hoqepnani, 
TO TOTB-se 3fi86H6eprepB Bsomen Ha TpH6yHy, ^o6h npouTaiB 
OBofi pe^epaTB, o6BaBieHHHi na o^epexH ahh. Teiia pe^paTa^ocHia 
OBoeoGpasHoe HaHMeHOBame: «0 tohb, juulb bb BsiHimHee BpeMa 
BpecTBaHi» BOAHTB Ba H0CB». IIopeAaTB BAioB DTy xjieoTKyx), Ha na- 
JUTB cKaBaHHys) piqB HeBOBHOXHO yse noroicy, ^ao ona bb obohxb 
xapasTopHuxB otiopoTaxB npano ne nepeBOAHiia. Ona o6jiHqaaa bb 
opaTopi ynopHO pa6oTai>niyx) KpHXH^qeoEyio hhoib h BnoJtHi onpoAi- 
lOHHoe roBHanie aooraBJieHHHXB ABHsemeicB i^iiefi. Ona npeAoxaB- 
Juua npesAe Bcero oacaTHfi o?epBB nojoseaia KpeoTBaHB, oTHomenia 
IB HeHy BaKOHOAaTOJiBCTBa h npasamiHX'B napTift, BOBHEicHOBOHia 
EpecTBaHcsaro ABHsenia h nasoHei^B pasHHXB Te^enitt bb btomb 
XBHseniH. Bb btohb nociiAaeHB nynsii 9fiBeH6eprepB noABoprB 6eB- 
noH^aAHofi KpHTHKi iH^HOCTB 6apoHa TDHrena a npeAsoAHHiit hmb 

OODBB. 

FocnoAOTBO TDHrena ne AO^ro npoAOJisaiocB. Cb OHOH^aHieMB 

JltTHEXB pa60TB BTOFO FOAa aTHTai^a CHOBa OSHBHJiaCB^ H fijIHSafi- 

maiTB pesyjiBTaTOUB ea 6iuo ycrpaHOHie TDHrena otb np6Ac:|A&T6J[BCKa- 
ro noora, na KoropHft iBfipani BHiaaAB. OAHOspeHeHHO ob bthhb no- 
qyBCTBOBaiocBHaoToarejiBHoe sejianie npEMEpHXB Ho6B6AHHHTBfiepxHe- 
H HHsne-fiaBapcKia rpynnu bb o6n](e-6aBapoKifi[ EpecTBaHOsifi codbb. 
iBiua H86paHa poAasi^ioHHaa EOMHHcda ]ijls. BupafioTEH nynExoBB o6b6- 



90 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

jtaHeHHOft nporpaMMu. Bi HacToamift MOMOHTb ]^o oti'LeABHOHia en^ 
He saBepnieHO, ho nporpaMMa KOMMHociei BiipadoiaHa h oii76xm« 
ROsaHa. Ha^ Heft o^eBEAHH 6o]Ae pa^HKaiBHEifl BjianiH BepxHe-6a- 
BaposHX'B KpecTBHHB. IIpHBeAy riaBFfaHmie iitheth aroro